WorldWideScience

Sample records for vm-250 vehicle portal

  1. A neutron portal monitor for vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coop, K.L.; Fehlau, P.E.; Atwater, H.F.

    1987-07-12

    We have designed and built a portal vehicle monitoring systems for detecting neutron-emitting special nuclear material (SNM) such as plutonium. Monte Carlo calculations were used to optimize the design of the 15-cm-deep x 122-cm-high x 244-cm-long detector chambers, which utilize /sup 3/He proportional counters inside a hollow polyethylene box. Results for a variety of parametric studies, including polyethylene thickness and detector number, are described. Our experimental measurements are in good agreement with the computer calculations. The monitor's decision logic uses the Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT) on Poisson distributed counting data, which is superior to other statistical tests in many applications. We performed computer simulations of the SPRT logic to determine expected false-positive decision rates. A controller unit of our design that uses this SPRT was built commercially. The cost of the complete monitoring system is similar to that of vehicle portal monitors that detect gamma rays. This new neutron monitor can serve as an addition to standard gamma-ray vehicle portals or as a stand-alone portal monitor in particular safeguards monitoring situations. The monitor is being tested at Los Alamos and is scheduled for in-plant evaluation of another DOE facility in 1987. 7 refs.

  2. Large vehicle portal monitor for perimeter safeguards applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldwell, J.T.; Atwater, H.F.; Bernard, W.; Bieri, J.M.; Shunk, E.R.

    1979-01-01

    We have developed a class of vehicle portal monitors based on shielded 4..pi.. geometry neutron counting. we have derived and experimentally verified an analytical expression relating the detection sensitivity of the neutron tunnel vehicle portal monitor to four design parameters of the system. For a given number of neutron detectors, this design achieves one or more orders of magnitude improvement in nuclear materials detection sensitivity over previous vehicle portal monitors.

  3. Special Nuclear Material Portal Monitoring at the Nevada Test Site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeAnn Long; Michael Murphy

    2008-07-01

    Prior to April 2007, acceptance and performance testing of the various Special Nuclear Material (SNM) monitoring devices at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) was performed by the Radiological Health Instrumentation department. Calibration and performance testing on the PM-700 personnel portal monitor was performed, but there was no test program for the VM-250 vehicle portal monitor. The handheld SNM monitors, the TSA model 470B, were being calibrated annually, but there was no performance test program. In April of 2007, the Material Control and Accountability Manager volunteered to take over performance testing of all SNM portal monitors at NTS in order to strengthen the program and meet U.S. Department of Energy Order requirements. This paper will discuss the following activities associated with developing a performance testing program: changing the culture, learning the systems, developing and implementing procedures, troubleshooting and repair, validating the process, physical control of equipment, acquisition of new systems, and implementing the performance test program.

  4. Portal Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Obesity to Liver Cancer Additional Content Medical News Portal Hypertension By Steven K. Herrine, MD, Thomas Jefferson ... Liver Hepatic Encephalopathy Jaundice in Adults Liver Failure Portal Hypertension (See also Overview of Liver Disease .) Portal ...

  5. Monitoring system for gamma radiation of porch type for vehicles; Sistema de monitoreo de radiacion gamma tipo portal para vehiculos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez C, R.M.; Molina, G.; Gutierrez O, E.; Ramirez J, F.J.; Garcia H, J.M.; Aguilar B, M.A.; Vilchis P, A.E.; Cruz E, P.; Torres B, M.A. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    A monitoring system of gamma radiation for vehicles of the porch type developed in the ININ is presented. This system carries out the radiological monitoring of the vehicles in continuous form, detecting the bottom radiological environment and the presence of nuclear material transported in vehicles. The vehicles are monitored while they pass to low speed through the porch. The detectors are plastic scintillators of great volume that allow high sensibility detection. The arrangement of detecting is interconnected in net, and the data are concentrated on a personal computer whose interface man-machine can be accessed from any personal computer connected to Internet. The system monitoring in real time with options of sampling times from 50 ms configurable up to 500 ms. (Author)

  6. Portal Vein Thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Demirci

    2016-01-01

    Portal vein thrombosis is an important cause of presinusoidal portal hypertension. Portal vein thrombosis commonly occurs in patient with cirrhosis, malignancy and prothrombotic states. Patients with acute portal vein thrombosis have immediate onset. Patients with chronic portal vein thrombosis have developed portal hypertension and cavernous portal transformation. Portal vein thrombosis is diagnosed with doppler ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Therapy with low...

  7. Dictionary Portals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijens, H.; Dykstra, A.; Boelhouwer, Bob; Fuertes-Olivera, Pedro A.

    2016-01-01

    Web portals have been one of the first web services that have helped users to find the information they need in the ever expanding World Wide Web. A web portal is basically a website that groups links to information available on the web. These links are selected based on certain criteria. Some web p

  8. Dictionary Portals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijens, H.; Dykstra, A.; Boelhouwer, Bob; Fuertes-Olivera, Pedro A.

    2016-01-01

    Web portals have been one of the first web services that have helped users to find the information they need in the ever expanding World Wide Web. A web portal is basically a website that groups links to information available on the web. These links are selected based on certain criteria. Some web

  9. GEO portal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The USAID GeoPortal is a new application that groups web-based capabilities for on-demand discovery of and access to geospatial content, services, expertise, and...

  10. Portal biliopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khuroo, Mohammad S; Rather, Ajaz A; Khuroo, Naira S; Khuroo, Mehnaaz S

    2016-09-21

    Portal biliopathy refers to cholangiographic abnormalities which occur in patients with portal cavernoma. These changes occur as a result of pressure on bile ducts from bridging tortuous paracholedochal, epicholedochal and cholecystic veins. Bile duct ischemia may occur due prolonged venous pressure effect or result from insufficient blood supply. In addition, encasement of ducts may occur due fibrotic cavernoma. Majority of patients are asymptomatic. Portal biliopathy is a progressive disease and patients who have long standing disease and more severe bile duct abnormalities present with recurrent episodes of biliary pain, cholangitis and cholestasis. Serum chemistry, ultrasound with color Doppler imaging, magnetic resonance imaging with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and magnetic resonance portovenography are modalities of choice for evaluation of portal biliopathy. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography being an invasive procedure is indicated for endotherapy only. Management of portal biliopathy is done in a stepwise manner. First, endotherapy is done for dilation of biliary strictures, placement of biliary stents to facilitate drainage and removal of bile duct calculi. Next portal venous pressure is reduced by formation of surgical porto-systemic shunt or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. This causes significant resolution of biliary changes. Patients who persist with biliary symptoms and bile duct changes may benefit from surgical biliary drainage procedures (hepaticojejunostomy or choledechoduodenostomy).

  11. ASH External Web Portal (External Portal) -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The ASH External Web Portal is a web-based portal that provides single sign-on functionality, making the web portal a single location from which to be authenticated...

  12. Portal Vein Thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Demirci

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis is an important cause of presinusoidal portal hypertension. Portal vein thrombosis commonly occurs in patient with cirrhosis, malignancy and prothrombotic states. Patients with acute portal vein thrombosis have immediate onset. Patients with chronic portal vein thrombosis have developed portal hypertension and cavernous portal transformation. Portal vein thrombosis is diagnosed with doppler ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Therapy with low molecular weight heparin achieves recanalization in more than half of acute cases.

  13. Secure portal.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, Cynthia Lee

    2007-09-01

    There is a need in security systems to rapidly and accurately grant access of authorized personnel to a secure facility while denying access to unauthorized personnel. In many cases this role is filled by security personnel, which can be very costly. Systems that can perform this role autonomously without sacrificing accuracy or speed of throughput are very appealing. To address the issue of autonomous facility access through the use of technology, the idea of a ''secure portal'' is introduced. A secure portal is a defined zone where state-of-the-art technology can be implemented to grant secure area access or to allow special privileges for an individual. Biometric technologies are of interest because they are generally more difficult to defeat than technologies such as badge swipe and keypad entry. The biometric technologies selected for this concept were facial and gait recognition. They were chosen since they require less user cooperation than other biometrics such as fingerprint, iris, and hand geometry and because they have the most potential for flexibility in deployment. The secure portal concept could be implemented within the boundaries of an entry area to a facility. As a person is approaching a badge and/or PIN portal, face and gait information can be gathered and processed. The biometric information could be fused for verification against the information that is gathered from the badge. This paper discusses a facial recognition technology that was developed for the purposes of providing high verification probabilities with low false alarm rates, which would be required of an autonomous entry control system. In particular, a 3-D facial recognition approach using Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis is described. Gait recognition technology, based on Hidden Markov Models has been explored, but those results are not included in this paper. Fusion approaches for combining the results of the biometrics would be the next step in realizing

  14. Implementing BEA Portal 92

    CERN Document Server

    Kolb, Mark

    2007-01-01

    Portals have come into their own in the last several years. Over this time, I have seen portal technology become the latest expression of businesses trying to organize the torrent of information that computers bring. BEA portal is a leader in portal technology. It allows for an enterprise level of support, stability, and capability. Portal 92 has the tools to make your next portal project a success. It also has the sophistication to keep your portal running and remaining relevant to your business. If you are investigating BEA Portal technology, or if you are a seasoned BEA administrator, you

  15. Wiki portals

    OpenAIRE

    Kočar, Anja

    2013-01-01

    In our everyday life we are faced with the internet and various web pages that are created on a particular topic. Construction of these can be addressed in different ways. One of them is the usage of wiki portals. Wiki is a collection of web pages, whose content is simple to create and modify, we only need a web browser and an internet connection. If we want to start our own wiki, we need a software called wiki engine. In this thesis we treat wiki as a system of websites, which enables ...

  16. Noncirrotisk intrahepatisk portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam Fialla, Annette; Havelund, Troels

    2007-01-01

    Non-cirrhotic intrahepatic portal hypertension is characterized by portal hypertension in the absence of liver cirrhosis or portal vein thrombosis. The disease is common in the East and rarely seen in the West. Two cases with oesophageal varices are described. The histopathology is heterogeneous...... but includes vascular lesions and portal fibrosis. Patient management follows the current recommendations for variceal bleeding....

  17. The Knowledge Portal

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Information on various courses, as well as personal data of employees and training records from The Knowledge Portal (TKP), a web-based training portal used for the...

  18. Portals people, processes, technology

    CERN Document Server

    Cox, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    First applied to internet gateways such as Yahoo, the concept of the ""portal"" has evolved in a number of directions. How can information services best take advantage of internet portals to improve access to resources? This collection seeks answers to such questions, providing an overview of how portals are being used.

  19. Evaluating Open Source Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Dion; Luyt, Brendan; Chua, Alton; Yee, See-Yong; Poh, Kia-Ngoh; Ng, How-Yeu

    2008-01-01

    Portals have become indispensable for organizations of all types trying to establish themselves on the Web. Unfortunately, there have only been a few evaluative studies of portal software and even fewer of open source portal software. This study aims to add to the available literature in this important area by proposing and testing a checklist for…

  20. Noncirrotisk intrahepatisk portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam Fialla, Annette; Havelund, Troels

    2007-01-01

    Non-cirrhotic intrahepatic portal hypertension is characterized by portal hypertension in the absence of liver cirrhosis or portal vein thrombosis. The disease is common in the East and rarely seen in the West. Two cases with oesophageal varices are described. The histopathology is heterogeneous...

  1. Usability of Discovery Portals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulens, J.D.; Vullings, L.A.E.; Houtkamp, J.M.; Vanmeulebrouk, B.

    2013-01-01

    As INSPIRE progresses to be implemented in the EU, many new discovery portals are built to facilitate finding spatial data. Currently the structure of the discovery portals is determined by the way spatial data experts like to work. However, we argue that the main target group for discovery portals

  2. Usability of Discovery Portals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulens, J.D.; Vullings, L.A.E.; Houtkamp, J.M.; Vanmeulebrouk, B.

    2013-01-01

    As INSPIRE progresses to be implemented in the EU, many new discovery portals are built to facilitate finding spatial data. Currently the structure of the discovery portals is determined by the way spatial data experts like to work. However, we argue that the main target group for discovery portals

  3. Portal hypertensiv gastropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinch, K; Møller, S; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1995-01-01

    Portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG) as defined by congestive changes in the gastric mucosa owing to increased portal pressure, was first described about ten years ago. Whereas definition and grading of severity are still under debate, there is general agreement that PHG is a new clinical entity....... PHG is present in 50-80% of patients with liver cirrhosis. PHG is a major cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with portal hypertension (25-90% depending on severity). Presence of portal hypertension is a prerequisite for the development of PHG, and reduction of portal pressure...

  4. Mobile Portal Implementation Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gao, Ping; Damsgaard, Jan

    2005-01-01

    Mobile portal plays an important role in mobile commerce market. Current literature focuses on static analysis on the value chain of mobile portals. This article provides a dynamic perspective on mobile portal strategy. Drawing upon network economics, we describe mobile portal implementation...... as a fourphase process. In different phase, a portal provider has various challenges to overcome and adopt diverse strategies, and correspondingly the regulator has different foci. The conceptual framework proposed in this article offers a basis for further analyses on the market dynamics of mobile commerce......, and can be generalized to studying other networked technologies...

  5. Dark Axion Portal

    CERN Document Server

    Kaneta, Kunio; Yun, Seokhoon

    2016-01-01

    The dark photon and the axion (or axion-like particle) are among the popular light particles of the hidden sector. Each of them has been actively searched for through the couplings called the vector portal and the axion portal. We introduce a new portal connecting the dark photon and the axion (axion--photon--dark photon, axion--dark photon--dark photon), which emerges in the presence of the two particles. This dark axion portal is genuinely new couplings, not just from a product of the vector portal and the axion portal, because of the internal structure of these couplings. We present a simple model that realizes the dark axion portal and discuss why it warrants rich phenomenology.

  6. Application of the smart portal in transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kercel, S.W.; Baylor, V.M.; Dress, W.B.; Hickerson, T.W.; Jatko, W.B.; Labaj, L.E.; Muhs, J.D.; Pack, R.M.

    1996-12-31

    Under a program sponsored by the Department of Energy, the Oak Ridge complex is developed a ``Portal-of-the-Future``, or ``smart portal``. This is a security portal for vehicular traffic which is intended to quickly detect explosives, hidden passengers, etc. It uses several technologies, including microwaves, weigh-in-motion, digital image processing, and electroacoustic wavelet-based heartbeat detection. A novel component of particular interest is the Enclosed Space Detection System (ESDS), which detects the presence of persons hiding in a vehicle. The system operates by detecting the presence of a human ballistocardiographic signature. Each time the heart beats, it generates a small but measurable shock wave that propagates through the body. The wave, whose graph is called a ballistocardiogram, is the mechanical analog of the electrocardiogram, which is routinely used for medical diagnosis. The wave is, in turn, coupled to any surface or object with which the body is in contact. If the body is located in an enclosed space, this will result in a measurable deflection of the surface of the enclosure. Independent testing has shown ESDS to be highly reliable. The technologies used in the smart portal operate in real time and allow vehicles to be checked through the portal in much less time than would be required for human inspection. Although not originally developed for commercial transportation, the smart portal has the potential to solve several transportation problems. It could relieve congestion at international highway border crossings by reducing the time required to inspect each vehicle while increasing the level of security. It can reduce highway congestion at the entrance of secure facilities such as prisons. Also, it could provide security at intermodal transfer points, such as airport parking lots and car ferry terminals.

  7. Application of the smart portal in transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kercel, Stephen W.; Baylor, Vivian M.; Dress, William B.; Hickerson, Tim W.; Jatko, William B.; Labaj, Leo E.; Muhs, Jeffrey D.; Pack, Richard M.

    1997-02-01

    Under a program sponsored by the Department of Energy, the Oak Ridge complex is developing a `Portal-of-the-Future', or `smart portal.' This is a security portal for vehicular traffic which is intended to quickly detect explosives, hidden passengers, etc. It uses several technologies, including microwaves, weigh-in-motion, digital image processing, and electroacoustic wavelet-based heartbeat detection. A novel component of particular interest is the Enclosed Space Detection System (ESDS), which detects the presence of persons hiding in a vehicle. The system operates by detecting the presence of a human ballistocardiographic signature. Each time the heart beats, it generates a small but measurable shock wave that propagates through the body. The wave, whose graph is called a ballistocardiogram, is the mechanical analog of the electrocardiograms, which is routinely used for medical diagnosis. The wave is, in turn, coupled to any surface or object with which the body is in contact. If the body is located in an enclosed space, this will result in a measurable deflection of the surface of the enclosure. Independent testing has shown ESDS to be highly reliable. The technologies used in the smart portal operate in real time and allow vehicles to be checked through the portal in much less time than would be required for human inspection. Although not originally developed for commercial transportation, the smart portal has the potential to solve several transportation problems. It could relieve congestion at international highway border crossings by reducing the time required to inspect each vehicle while increasing the level of security. It can reduce highway congestion at the entrance of secure facilities such as prisons. Also, it could provide security at intermodal transfer points, such as airport parking lots and car ferry terminals.

  8. Dark Axion Portal

    OpenAIRE

    Kaneta, Kunio; Lee, Hye-Sung(Theory Division, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23, Switzerland); Yun, Seokhoon

    2016-01-01

    The dark photon and the axion (or axion-like particle) are among the popular light particles of the hidden sector. Each of them has been actively searched for through the couplings called the vector portal and the axion portal. We introduce a new portal connecting the dark photon and the axion (axion-photon-dark photon, axion-dark photon-dark photon), which emerges in the presence of the two particles. This dark axion portal is genuinely new couplings, not just from a product of the vector po...

  9. Portal cholangiopathy: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecilia Almeida Maia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present report describes the case of a child that after blunt abdominal trauma presented with portal thrombosis followed by progressive splenomegaly and jaundice. Ultrasonography and percutaneous cholangiography revealed biliary dilatation secondary to choledochal stenosis caused by dilated peribiliary veins, characterizing a case of portal biliopathy. The present case report is aimed at presenting an uncommon cause of this condition.

  10. Portal Vein Thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronny Cohen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis (PVT is the blockage or narrowing of the portal vein by a thrombus. It is relatively rare and has been linked with the presence of an underlying liver disease or prothrombotic disorders. We present a case of a young male who presented with vague abdominal symptoms for approximately one week. Imaging revealed the presence of multiple nonocclusive thrombi involving the right portal vein, the splenic vein, and the left renal vein, as well as complete occlusion of the left portal vein and the superior mesenteric vein. We discuss pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and management of both acute and chronic thrombosis. The presence of PVT should be considered as a clue for prothrombotic disorders, liver disease, and other local and general factors that must be carefully investigated. It is hoped that this case report will help increase awareness of the complexity associated with portal vein thrombosis among the medical community.

  11. The XCAT Science Portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sriram Krishnan

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the design and prototype implementation of the XCAT Grid Science Portal. The portal lets grid application programmers script complex distributed computations and package these applications with simple interfaces for others to use. Each application is packaged as a notebook which consists of web pages and editable parameterized scripts. The portal is a workstation-based specialized personal web server, capable of executing the application scripts and launching remote grid applications for the user. The portal server can receive event streams published by the application and grid resource information published by Network Weather Service (NWS [35] or Autopilot [16] sensors. Notebooks can be published and stored in web based archives for others to retrieve and modify. The XCAT Grid Science Portal has been tested with various applications, including the distributed simulation of chemical processes in semiconductor manufacturing and collaboratory support for X-ray crystallographers.

  12. Roadside Tracker Portal-less Portal Monitor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziock, Klaus-Peter [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Cheriyadat, Anil M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Bradley, Eric Craig [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Cunningham, Mark F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Fabris, Lorenzo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Goddard, Jr, James Samuel [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hornback, Donald Eric [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Karnowski, Thomas Paul [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Kerekes, Ryan A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Newby, Jason [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2013-07-01

    This report documents the full development cycle of the Roadside Tracker (RST) Portal-less Portal monitor (Fig. 1) funded by DHS DNDO. The project started with development of a proof-of-feasibility proto-type, proceeded through design and construction of a proof-of-concept (POC) prototype, a test-and-evaluation phase, participation in a Limited Use Exercise that included the Standoff Radiation Detections Systems developed under an Advanced Technology Demonstration and concluded with participation in a Characterization Study conducted by DNDO.

  13. Congenital preduodenal portal vein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Jin; Hwang, Mi Soo; Huh, Young Soo; Park, Bok Hwan [College of Medicine, Youngnam University, Gyeongsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1991-03-15

    Congenital preduodenal portal vein, first reported by Knight in 1921, is an extremely rare congenital anomaly in which the portal vein passes anteriorly to the duodenum rather than posteriorly in its normal location. It is of surgical significance because it may cause difficulties in operations involving the gall bladder, biliary duct, or duodenum. Recently, we experienced 2 cases of preduodenal portal vein. One was found during surgical exploration for the diagnosis and correction of malrotation of the bowels and the other in a 3 day-old male newborn associated with dextrocardia, situs inversus, and duodenal obstruction by diaphragm. We report these 2 cases with a review of the literature.

  14. ASKME Enterprise Portal (internal) -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The ASKME Enterprise Portal Internal (AEPi) is envisioned to be an integrated, single-point-of-entry solution that contains modular components. The AEPi will provide...

  15. Liferay Portal Systems Development

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, Jonas X

    2012-01-01

    This book focuses on teaching by example. Every chapter provides an overview, and then dives right into hands-on examples so you can see and play with the solution in your own environment. This book is for Java developers who don't need any prior experience with Liferay portal. Although Liferay portal makes heavy use of open source frameworks, no prior experience of using these is assumed.

  16. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PORTAL

    OpenAIRE

    Georgeta Soava

    2011-01-01

    Today companies are faced with the need to exploit technology changing computer environments, in order to improve customer satisfaction and reduce costs. A successful approach to electronic portals is an effective demonstration of the new ways of relating to the client. The objectives that we have considered for the realization of e-commerce portal can be summarized as follows: structured communication, effective collaboration, complet and closed circuit of orders and deliveries, inventory op...

  17. Development of a Vehicle Special Nuclear Material Monitors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAORong-sheng

    2003-01-01

    Vehicle special nuclear material (SNM) monitors are mainly used at the portals of nuclear facilities to verify the vehicles going out from the facilities for preventing from unauthorized SNM transfer.

  18. Portal venous stent placement for treatment of portal hypertension caused by benign main portal vein stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Shan; Xiang-Sheng Xiao; Ming-Sheng Huang; Qiang Ouyang; Zai-Bo Jiang

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the value of endovascular stent in the treatment of portal hypertension caused by benign main portal vein stenosis.METHODS: Portal vein stents were implanted in six patients with benign main portal vein stenosis (inflammatory stenosis in three cases, postprocedure of liver transplantation in another three cases). Changes in portal vein pressure, portal vein patency, relative clinical symptoms, complications, and survival were evaluated.RESULTS: Six metallic stents were successfully placed across the portal vein stenotic or obstructive lesions in six patients. Mean portal venous pressure decreased significantly after stent implantation from (37.3±4.7) cm H2O to (18.0±1.9) cm H2O. The portal blood flow restoredand the symptoms caused by portal hypertension were eliminated. There were no severe procedure-related complications. The patients were followed up for 1-48 mo. The portal vein remained patent during follow-up. All patients survived except for one patient who died of other complications of liver transplantation. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous portal vein stent placement for the treatment of portal hypertension caused by benign main portal vein stenosis is safe and effective.

  19. The EBI enzyme portal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcántara, Rafael; Onwubiko, Joseph; Cao, Hong; Matos, Paula de; Cham, Jennifer A; Jacobsen, Jules; Holliday, Gemma L; Fischer, Julia D; Rahman, Syed Asad; Jassal, Bijay; Goujon, Mikael; Rowland, Francis; Velankar, Sameer; López, Rodrigo; Overington, John P; Kleywegt, Gerard J; Hermjakob, Henning; O'Donovan, Claire; Martín, María Jesús; Thornton, Janet M; Steinbeck, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    The availability of comprehensive information about enzymes plays an important role in answering questions relevant to interdisciplinary fields such as biochemistry, enzymology, biofuels, bioengineering and drug discovery. At the EMBL European Bioinformatics Institute, we have developed an enzyme portal (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/enzymeportal) to provide this wealth of information on enzymes from multiple in-house resources addressing particular data classes: protein sequence and structure, reactions, pathways and small molecules. The fact that these data reside in separate databases makes information discovery cumbersome. The main goal of the portal is to simplify this process for end users.

  20. Personalization Methods for Internet Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Dębska

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article presents methods of acquiring and gathering data about users of internet portals, with particular emphasis on educational portals. Definitions, aims and tasks related to the process of personalization of e-learning portals are thoroughly discussed. So are knowledge acquisition techniques applied in personalization, especially artificial intelligence methods.

  1. Ten Keys to the Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2011-01-01

    Successful web portals help users stay informed, in touch, and up to speed. They are also a telling window into the efficiency of one's institution. To develop a cutting-edge portal takes planning, communication, and research. In this article, the author presents and discusses 10 keys to portal success: (1) make critical info visible; (2) make the…

  2. Earthdata Developer Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plofchan, Peter; Reese, Mark; Siarto, Jeff; Clark, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    The Earthdata Developer Portal provides clear paths to get you started with core EOSDIS applications. Each path is accompanied by an overview page that explains the goal of the path and a short overview of each element along with links for detailed documentation of each component.

  3. UNESCO Archive Portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A review to the web site of UNESCO Archive Portal which work as a directory for archive and documents web sites , also offer a news and events on archive , the review showing the categories of the site , it's services , and the classification of the web sites in the directories.

  4. Treatment of portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Khurram Bari; Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao

    2012-01-01

    Portal hypertension is the main complication of cirrhosis and is defined as an hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) of more than 5 mmHg.Clinically significant portal hypertension is defined as HVPG of 10 mmHg or more.Development of gastroesophageal varices and variceal hemorrhage are the most direct consequence of portal hypertension.Over the last decades significant advancements in the field have led to standard treatment options.These clinical recommendations have evolved mostly as a result of randomized controlled trials and consensus conferences among experts where existing evidence has been reviewed and future goals for research and practice guidelines have been proposed.Management of varices/variceal hemorrhage is based on the clinical stage of portal hypertension.No specific treatment has shown to prevent the formation of varices.Prevention of first variceal hemorrhage depends on the size/characteristics of varices.In patients with small varices and high risk of bleeding,nonselective β-blockers are recommended,while patients with medium/large varices can be treated with either β-blockers or esophageal band ligation.Standard of care for acute variceal hemorrhage consists of vasoactive drugs,endoscopic band ligation and antibiotics prophylaxis.Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is reserved for those who fail standard of care or for patients who are likely to fail ("early TIPS").Prevention of recurrent variceal hemorrhage consists of the combination of β-blockers and endoscopic band ligation.

  5. BRAZILIAN NEWS PORTALS CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloiza G. Herckovitz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A content analysis of four Brazilian news media portals found that economic news dominated the top headlines with little attention paid to education, the environment and welfare. Other trends included a focus on local events and national news sources, reliance on few sources, mostly official ones, and a low percentage of news that fitted the concept of newsworthiness (a combination of both social significance and deviance concepts. Other findings of a study of 432 top news stories published by UOL, Estadão, iG and Terra during a 15-day period between February and March 2008 indicate that the top portions of the portals’ front pages carry news that lacks story depth, editorial branding, and multimedia applications. The results suggest that online news portals are in their infancy although Brazil has the largest online population of Latin America. This study hopes to shed light on the gatekeeping process in Brazilian news portals. Brazilian media portals have yet to become a significant editorial force able to provide knowledge about social issues and public affairs in a socially responsible fashione.

  6. Studies in portal hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.R. van Buuren (Henk)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractOur work focussed on one of the most frequent and serious complications of portal hypertension i.e. variceal bleeding. In particular, studies were initiated aimed at developing a more effective therapeutic strategy for the primary and secondary prevention of variceal bleeding. Aspects of

  7. CCI Open Data Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, H.; Pechorro, E.; Bennett, V.; Farquhar, C.; Blower, J.

    2016-08-01

    The European Space Agency's (ESA's) Climate Change Initiative (CCI) Programme, producing harmonised datasets from long term Earth Observation satellite data records for a number of Essential Climate Variables (ECV's), provides a solid basis for climate science and modelling, for specialist application development and ultimately for European and global policy making.The resulting Climate Data Records (CDRs) represent a major investment of science, funding and personal effort, therefore extended access to those products is a key element of programme success.ECV datasets are currently being distributed through individual ECV teams, and access procedures and interfaces vary. To compliment and unify the work of the individual teams and to maximise the visibility and uptake of ECV data in the climate data user community within and beyond the CCI, a new ESA CCI project has started, to create a central open data portal and metadata catalogue for the ESA CCI project.This paper highlights key features of the Portal to date.

  8. Portal Vein Thrombosis in non cirrhotic patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.W. Spaander (Manon)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractExtrahepatic portal vein thrombosis (EPVT) is the most common cause of portal hypertension in non- cirrhotic patients. EPVT has been defined as an obstruction of the extrahepatic portal vein with or without involvement of the intrahepatic portal veins. Although the portal vein accounts f

  9. Portal hypertensive enteropathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Parit Mekaroonkamol; Robert Cohen; Saurabh Chawla

    2015-01-01

    Portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE) is a conditionthat describes the pathologic changes and mucosalabnormalities observed in the small intestine of patientswith portal hypertension. This entity is being increasinglyrecognized and better understood over the past decadedue to increased accessibility of the small intestine madepossible by the introduction of video capsule endoscopyand deep enteroscopy. Though challenged by its diverseendoscopic appearance, multiple scoring systems havebeen proposed to classify the endoscopic presentationand grade its severity. Endoscopic findings can be broadlycategorized into vascular and non-vascular lesions withmany subtypes of both categories. Clinical manifestationsof PHE can range from asymptomatic incidental findingsto fatal gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Classic endoscopicfindings in the setting of portal hypertension may leadto a prompt diagnosis. Occasionally histopathologyand cross sectional imaging like computed tomographyor magnetic resonance imaging may be helpful inestablishing a diagnosis. Management of overt bleedingrequires multidisciplinary approach involving hepatologists,endoscopists, surgeons, and interventionalradiologists. Adequate resuscitation, reduction of portalpressure, and endoscopic therapeutic intervention remainthe main principles of the initial treatment. This articlereviews the existing evidence on PHE with emphasison its classification, diagnosis, clinical manifestations,endoscopic appearance, pathological findings, and clinicalmanagement. A new schematic management of ectopicvariceal bleed is also proposed.

  10. Portal Annular Pancreas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnoss, Jonathan M.; Harnoss, Julian C.; Diener, Markus K.; Contin, Pietro; Ulrich, Alexis B.; Büchler, Markus W.; Schmitz-Winnenthal, Friedrich H.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Portal annular pancreas (PAP) is an asymptomatic congenital pancreas anomaly, in which portal and/or mesenteric veins are encased by pancreas tissue. The aim of the study was to determine the role of PAP in pancreatic surgery as well as its management and potential complication, specifically, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). On the basis of a case report, the MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science databases were systematically reviewed up to September 2012. All articles describing a case of PAP were considered. In summary, 21 studies with 59 cases were included. The overall prevalence of PAP was 2.4% and the patients' mean (SD) age was 55.9 (16.2) years. The POPF rate in patients with PAP (12 pancreaticoduodenectomies and 3 distal pancreatectomies) was 46.7% (in accordance with the definition of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery). Portal annular pancreas is a quite unattended pancreatic variant with high prevalence and therefore still remains a clinical challenge to avoid postoperative complications. To decrease the risk for POPF, attentive preoperative diagnostics should also focus on PAP. In pancreaticoduodenectomy, a shift of the resection plane to the pancreas tail should be considered; in extensive pancreatectomy, coverage of the pancreatic remnant by the falciform ligament could be a treatment option. PMID:25207658

  11. USGS Urban Waters Portal Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    This presentation discusses urbanization and water quality trends, major stories on contaminants and biota, scientific and educational tools for watershed organizations, and the USGS Urban Waters Portal.

  12. Animal models of portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Juan G Abraldes; Marcos Pasarín; Juan Carlos; García-Pagán

    2006-01-01

    Animal models have allowed detailed study of hemodynamic alterations typical of portal hypertension and the molecular mechanisms involved in abnormalities in splanchnic and systemic circulation associated with this syndrome. Models of prehepatic portal hypertension can be used to study alterations in the splanchnic circulation and the pathophysiology of the hyperdynamic circulation. Models of cirrhosis allow study of the alterations in intrahepatic microcirculation that lead to increased resistance to portal flow. This review summarizes the currently available literature on animal models of portal hypertension and analyzes their relative utility. The criteria for choosing a particular model,depending on the specific objectives of the study, are also discussed.

  13. Wireless Sensor Portal Technology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Recognizing the needs and challenges facing NASA Earth Science for data input, manipulation and distribution, Mobitrum is proposing a ? Wireless Sensor Portal...

  14. Portal hypertension due to portal venous thrombosis: Etiology, clinical outcomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ozgur Harmanci; Yusuf Bayraktar

    2007-01-01

    The thrombophilia in adult life has major implications in the hepatic vessels. The resulting portal vein thrombosis has various outcomes and complications. Esophageal varices, portal gastropathy, ascites, severe hypersplenism and liver failure needing liver transplantation are known well. The newly formed collateral venous circulation showing itself as pseudocholangicarcinoma sign and its possible clinical reflection as cholestasis are also known from a long time. The management strategies for these complications of portal vein thrombosis are not different from their counterpart which is cirrhotic portal hypertension, but the prognosis is unquestionably better in former cases. In this review we present and discuss the portal vein thrombosis, etiology and the resulting clinical pictures. There are controversial issues in nomenclature,management (including anticoagulation problems), follow up strategies and liver transplantation. In the light of the current knowledge, we discuss some controversial issues in literature and present our experience and our proposals about this group of patients.

  15. WLCG Operations portal demo tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    This is a navigation through http://wlcg-ops.web.cern.ch/ the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) Operations' portal. In this portal you will find documentation and information about WLCG Operation activities for: System Administrators at the WLCG sites LHC Experiments Operation coordination people, including Task Forces and Working Groups

  16. Portal dosimetry in wedged beams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spreeuw, H.; Rozendaal, R.; Camargo, P.; Mans, A.; Wendling, M.; Olaciregui-Ruiz, I.; Sonke, J.J.; Herk, M. van; Mijnheer, B.

    2015-01-01

    Portal dosimetry using electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDs) is often applied to verify high-energy photon beam treatments. Due to the change in photon energy spectrum, the resulting dose values are, however, not very accurate in the case of wedged beams if the pixel-to-dose conversion for the s

  17. The secondary metabolite bioinformatics portal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weber, Tilmann; Kim, Hyun Uk

    2016-01-01

    . In this context, this review gives a summary of tools and databases that currently are available to mine, identify and characterize natural product biosynthesis pathways and their producers based on ‘omics data. A web portal called Secondary Metabolite Bioinformatics Portal (SMBP at http...

  18. NSTA Portal to Science Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ken

    2010-01-01

    The National Science Teachers Association's (NSTA) Science Safety Advisory Board recently launched the Safety in the Science Classroom portal. This portal serves as a gateway to safety resources for teachers, supervisors, and administrators. It also contains an evolving list of safety resources for elementary, middle, and high schools. The list…

  19. The Portuguese Climate Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Sandra; Deus, Ricardo; Nogueira, Miguel; Viterbo, Pedro; Miranda, Miguel; Antunes, Sílvia; Silva, Alvaro; Miranda, Pedro

    2016-04-01

    The Portuguese Local Warming Website (http://portaldoclima.pt) has been developed in order to support the society in Portugal in preparing for the adaptation to the ongoing and future effects of climate change. The climate portal provides systematic and easy access to authoritative scientific data ready to be used by a vast and diverse user community from different public and private sectors, key players and decision makers, but also to high school students, contributing to the increase in knowledge and awareness on climate change topics. A comprehensive set of regional climate variables and indicators are computed, explained and graphically presented. Variables and indicators were built in agreement with identified needs after consultation of the relevant social partners from different sectors, including agriculture, water resources, health, environment and energy and also in direct cooperation with the Portuguese National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation (ENAAC) group. The visual interface allows the user to dynamically interact, explore, quickly analyze and compare, but also to download and import the data and graphics. The climate variables and indicators are computed from state-of-the-art regional climate model (RCM) simulations (e.g., CORDEX project), at high space-temporal detail, allowing to push the limits of the projections down to local administrative regions (NUTS3) and monthly or seasonal periods, promoting local adaptation strategies. The portal provides both historical data (observed and modelled for the 1971-2000 period) and future climate projections for different scenarios (modelled for the 2011-2100 period). A large effort was undertaken in order to quantify the impacts of the risk of extreme events, such as heavy rain and flooding, droughts, heat and cold waves, and fires. Furthermore the different climate scenarios and the ensemble of RCM models, with high temporal (daily) and spatial (~11km) detail, is taken advantage in order to

  20. 29 CFR 785.34 - Effect of section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effect of section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act. 785.34 Section 785.34 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... of Principles Traveltime § 785.34 Effect of section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act. The Portal...

  1. The Higgs Portal and Cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assamagan, Ketevi [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chen, Chien-Yi [Perimeter Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada); Univ. of Victoria, BC (Canada); Chou, John Paul [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); Curtin, David [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Fedderke, Michael A. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Gershtein, Yuri [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); He, Xiao-Gang [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China); Klute, Markus [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Kozaczuk, Jonathon [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Kotwal, Ashutosh [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Lowette, Steven [Vrije Univ., Brussels (Belgium); No, Jose Miguel [Univ. of Sussex, Brighton (United Kingdom); Plehn, Tilman [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany); Qian, Jianming [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Ramsey-Musolf, Michael [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Safonov, Alexei [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Shelton, Jessie [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Spannowsky, Michael [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom); Su, Shufang [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Walker, Devin G. E. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Willocq, Stephane [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Winslow, Peter [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    2016-04-18

    Higgs portal interactions provide a simple mechanism for addressing two open problems in cosmology: dark matter and the baryon asymmetry. In the latter instance, Higgs portal interactions may contain the ingredients for a strong first-order electroweak phase transition as well as new CP-violating interactions as needed for electroweak baryogenesis. These interactions may also allow for a viable dark matter candidate. We survey the opportunities for probing the Higgs portal as it relates to these questions in cosmology at the LHC and possible future colliders.

  2. Information Portal Costs and Benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available All transformations of our society are the product of the large use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT and Internet. ICT are technologies which facilitate communication, processing, and transmission of information by electronic means. It is very important to use the new technologies to the correct value because this determinate an increase of global benefits. Portal provides a consistent way to select, evaluate, prioritize and plan the right information. In research we point the important costs and benefits for an informational portal. The portal for local administrative determinate for citizens the access to information of interest and on the other hand make easier for employer to manage the documents.

  3. Educational portals: Classification and components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana López Carreño

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The progressive running of different educational portals needs one definition and classification for its identification, as well as, one enumeration of their usual elements to be able to set up one model of educational portal. This paper revises the main institutional of education portals of the Regional Governments to set up the level of development and to know their possible trends. Furthermore, it no-tices about the importance in the some added value services implementation for the support and the improvement of the educational tasks, as blogs, wikis and webquests

  4. The Higgs Portal and Cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assamagan, Ketevi [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Chen, Chien-Yi [Perimeter Inst. for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON (Canada); Univ. of Victoria, BC (Canada); Chou, John Paul [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); Curtin, David [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Fedderke, Michael A. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Gershtein, Yuri [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States); He, Xiao-Gang [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China); Klute, Markus [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Kozaczuk, Jonathon [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Kotwal, Ashutosh [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Lowette, Steven [Vrije Univ., Brussels (Belgium); No, Jose Miguel [Univ. of Sussex, Brighton (United Kingdom); Plehn, Tilman [Heidelberg Univ. (Germany); Qian, Jianming [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Ramsey-Musolf, Michael [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Safonov, Alexei [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Shelton, Jessie [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Spannowsky, Michael [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom); Su, Shufang [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Walker, Devin G. E. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Willocq, Stephane [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Winslow, Peter [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    2016-04-18

    Higgs portal interactions provide a simple mechanism for addressing two open problems in cosmology: dark matter and the baryon asymmetry. In the latter instance, Higgs portal interactions may contain the ingredients for a strong first order electroweak phase transition as well as new CP-violating interactions as needed for electroweak baryogenesis. These interactions may also allow for a viable dark matter candidate. We survey the opportunities for probing the Higgs portal as it relates to these questions in cosmology at the LHC and possible future colliders.

  5. The Higgs Portal and Cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Assamagan, Ketevi; Chou, John Paul; Curtin, David; Fedderke, Michael A; Gershtein, Yuri; He, Xiao-Gang; Klute, Markus; Kozaczuk, Jonathan; Kotwal, Ashutosh; Lowette, Steven; No, Jose Miguel; Plehn, Tilman; Qian, Jianming; Ramsey-Musolf, Michael; Safonov, Alexei; Shelton, Jessie; Spannowsky, Michael; Su, Shufang; Walker, Devin G E; Willocq, Stephane; Winslow, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Higgs portal interactions provide a simple mechanism for addressing two open problems in cosmology: dark matter and the baryon asymmetry. In the latter instance, Higgs portal interactions may contain the ingredients for a strong first order electroweak phase transition as well as new CP-violating interactions as needed for electroweak baryogenesis. These interactions may also allow for a viable dark matter candidate. We survey the opportunities for probing the Higgs portal as it relates to these questions in cosmology at the LHC and possible future colliders.

  6. Radiation portal monitor system and method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Christopher; Borozdin, Konstantin N.; Green, J. Andrew; Hogan, Gary E.; Makela, Mark F.; Priedhorsky, William C.; Saunders, Alexander; Schultz, Larry J.; Sossong, Michael J.

    2009-12-15

    A portal monitoring system has a cosmic ray charged particle tracker with a plurality of drift cells. The drift cells, which can be for example aluminum drift tubes, can be arranged at least above and below a volume to be scanned to thereby track incoming and outgoing charged particles, such as cosmic ray muons, whilst also detecting gamma rays. The system can selectively detect devices or materials, such as iron, lead, gold and/or tungsten, occupying the volume from multiple scattering of the charged particles passing through the volume and can also detect any radioactive sources occupying the volume from gamma rays emitted therefrom. If necessary, the drift tubes can be sealed to eliminate the need for a gas handling system. The system can be employed to inspect occupied vehicles at border crossings for nuclear threat objects.

  7. Ozone (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  8. Plastics (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  9. Lead (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  10. Arsenic (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  11. Wireless Sensor Portal Technology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Mobitrum Corporation has demonstrated the feasibility in the Phase I of " A Wireless Sensor Portal Technology" and proposes a Phase II effort to develop a wireless...

  12. Gaiaverse: the Gaia's outreach portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masana, E.

    2017-03-01

    Gaiaverse (http://gaiaverse.eu) is a dissemination portal on the ESA Gaia's mission developed within the GENIUS project, an European project funded by the European Commission to boost the impact of the next European breakthrough in astrophysics, the Gaia astrometric mission. The portal was opened in July 2015. Gaiaverse is administrated by the Universitat de Barcelona (UB) and the Consorci de Serveis Universitaris de Catalunya (CSUC).

  13. The quail anatomy portal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruparelia, Avnika A; Simkin, Johanna E; Salgado, David; Newgreen, Donald F; Martins, Gabriel G; Bryson-Richardson, Robert J

    2014-01-01

    The Japanese quail is a widely used model organism for the study of embryonic development; however, anatomical resources are lacking. The Quail Anatomy Portal (QAP) provides 22 detailed three-dimensional (3D) models of quail embryos during development from embryonic day (E)1 to E15 generated using optical projection tomography. The 3D models provided can be virtually sectioned to investigate anatomy. Furthermore, using the 3D nature of the models, we have generated a tool to assist in the staging of quail samples. Volume renderings of each stage are provided and can be rotated to allow visualization from multiple angles allowing easy comparison of features both between stages in the database and between images or samples in the laboratory. The use of JavaScript, PHP and HTML ensure the database is accessible to users across different operating systems, including mobile devices, facilitating its use in the laboratory.The QAP provides a unique resource for researchers using the quail model. The ability to virtually section anatomical models throughout development provides the opportunity for researchers to virtually dissect the quail and also provides a valuable tool for the education of students and researchers new to the field. DATABASE URL: http://quail.anatomyportal.org (For review username: demo, password: quail123).

  14. The Leptonic Higgs Portal

    CERN Document Server

    Batell, Brian; McKeen, David; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam

    2016-01-01

    An extended Higgs sector may allow for new scalar particles well below the weak scale. In this work, we present a detailed study of a light scalar $S$ with enhanced coupling to leptons, which could be responsible for the existing discrepancy between experimental and theoretical determinations of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. We present an ultraviolet completion of this model in terms of the lepton-specific two-Higgs doublet model and an additional scalar singlet. We then analyze a plethora of experimental constraints on the universal low energy model, and this UV completion, along with the sensitivity reach at future experiments. The most relevant constraints originate from muon and kaon decays, electron beam dump experiments, electroweak precision observables, rare $B_d$ and $B_s$ decays and Higgs branching fractions. The properties of the leptonic Higgs portal imply an enhanced couplings to heavy leptons, and we identify the most promising search mode for the high-luminosity electron-positron collider...

  15. Earthdata Developer Portal poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plofchan, P.

    2016-12-01

    A common theme at community conferences in the Earth science domain is the need for more integration with related services, clearer documentation for services available, and a general simplification of what it takes to leverage existing tools so that setup and administration time can be minimized and time spent researching can be maximized. NASA's Earthdata Developer Portal (EDP) is the newly-created central location for documentation related to interacting with services offered by the EOSDIS community. The EDP will provide technical documentation for APIs, process documentation that provides real-world examples of how to use existing APIs in the real world, release notes for applications and services so that the entire community can stay up to date on recent updates, and best practice suggestions to improve implementation of both front-end and back-end services. Application and service owners will own their documentation while the EDP will ingest the documentation, serve it up in an interface using both industry standard tools, such as Swagger, and custom "adapters". The content is then styled to ensure consistency with other documentation found throughout the site and will be made searchable from a single location. "Getting Started" paths will also provide those users new to the space a simple path to follow to perform common tasks such as "searching and getting data" or "hosting an application on the Earthdata platform."

  16. New Technology and Experimental Study on Snow-Melting Heated Pavement System in Tunnel Portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinxing Lai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, with the rapid growth of economy and sharp rise of motor vehicles in China, the pavement skid resistance in tunnel portals has become increasingly important in cold region. However, the deicing salt, snow removal with machine, and other antiskid measures adopted by highway maintenance division have many limitations. To improve the treatment effect, we proposed a new snow-melting approach employing electric heat tracing, in which heating cables are installed in the structural layer of road. Through the field experiment, laboratory experiment, and numerical investigation, structure type, heating power, and preheating time of the flexible pavement heating system in tunnel portal were systematically analyzed, and advantages of electric heat tracing technology in improving the pavement skid resistance in tunnel portal were also presented. Therefore, such new technology, which offers new snow-melting methods for tunnel portal, bridge, mountainous area, and large longitudinal slope in cold region, has promising prospect for extensive application.

  17. Research progress of vasculopathy in portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Li; Zhen Yang

    2005-01-01

    Portal hypertension, one of the vascular diseases, not only has lesions in liver, but also changes in vascular structures and functions of extrahepatic portal system, systemic system and pulmonary circulation. The pathological changes of vasculopathy in portal hypertension include remodeling of arterialized visceral veins, intimal injury of visceral veins and destruction of contractile structure in visceral arterial wall. The mechanisms of vasculopathy in portal hypertension may be attributed to the changes of hemodynamics in portal system, immune response, gene modulation, vasoactive substances, and intrahepatic blood flow resistance. Portal hypertension can cause visceral hyperdynamic circulation, and the development and progression of visceral vasculopathy,while visceral vasculopathy can promote the development and progression of portal hypertension and visceral hyperdynamic circulation in turn. The aforementioned three factors interact in the pathogenesis of hepatic cirrhosisinduced portal hypertension and are involved in hemorrhage due to varicose vein rupture.

  18. Portal cavernoma cholangiopathy: diagnosis, imaging, and intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moomjian, Lauren N; Winks, Sarah G

    2017-01-01

    The term portal cavernoma cholangiopathy refers to the biliary tract abnormalities that accompany extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and subsequent cavernous transformation of the portal vein. EHPVO is a primary vascular disorder of the portal vein in children and adults manifested by longstanding thrombosis of the main portal vein. Nearly all patients with EHPVO have manifestations of portal cavernoma cholangiopathy, such as extrinsic indentation on the bile duct and mild bile duct narrowing, but the majority are asymptomatic. However, progressive portal cavernoma cholangiopathy may lead to severe complications, including secondary biliary cirrhosis. A spectrum of changes is seen radiologically in the setting of portal cavernoma cholangiopathy, including extrinsic indentation of the bile ducts, bile duct stricturing, bile duct wall thickening, angulation and displacement of the extrahepatic bile duct, cholelithiasis, choledocholithiasis, and hepatolithiasis. Radiologists must be aware of this disorder in order to provide appropriate imaging evaluation and interpretation, to facilitate appropriate treatment and to distinguish this entity from its potential radiologic mimics.

  19. The Reusable Astronomy Portal (TRAP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, T.; Rogers, A.; Wallace, G.

    2012-09-01

    The Reusable Astronomy Portal (TRAP) aims to provide a common platform for rapidly deploying Astronomy Archives to the web. TRAP is currently under development for both the VAO Data Discovery Portal and the MAST Multi-Mission Portal (Figure 1). TRAP consists of 2 major software packages: the TRAP Client and the TRAP Server. The TRAP framework allows developers to deploy the Server, connect to data resources, then focus on building custom tools for the Client. TRAP is built upon proven industry technologies including the Ext/JS JavaScript Component Library, Mono.NET Web Services, and JSON message based APIs. The multi-layered architecture of TRAP decouples each layer: Client, Service and Data Access, enabling each to evolve independently over time. Although currently deployed to provide astronomy science data access, the TRAP architecture is flexible enough to thrive in any distributed data environment.

  20. 29 CFR 785.50 - Section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act. 785.50 Section 785.50 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... Provisions § 785.50 Section 4 of the Portal-to-Portal Act. Section 4 of this Act provides that: (a) Except...

  1. Metformin reduces hepatic resistance and portal pressure in cirrhotic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Dinesh M; Erice, Eva; Lafoz, Erica; García-Calderó, Héctor; Sarin, Shiv K; Bosch, Jaime; Gracia-Sancho, Jordi; García-Pagán, Juan Carlos

    2015-09-01

    Increased hepatic vascular resistance is the primary factor in the development of portal hypertension. Metformin ameliorates vascular cells function in several vascular beds. Our study was aimed at evaluating the effects, and the underlying mechanisms, of metformin on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics in cirrhotic rats and its possible interaction with the effects of propranolol (Prop), the current standard treatment for portal hypertension. CCl4-cirrhotic rats received by gavage metformin 300 mg/kg or its vehicle once a day for 1 wk, before mean arterial pressure (MAP), portal pressure (PP), portal blood flow (PBF), hepatic vascular resistance, and putative molecular/cellular mechanisms were measured. In a subgroup of cirrhotic rats, the hemodynamic response to acute Prop (5 mg/kg iv) was assessed. Effects of metformin ± Prop on PP and MAP were validated in common bile duct ligated-cirrhotic rats. Metformin-treated CCl4-cirrhotic rats had lower PP and hepatic vascular resistance than vehicle-treated rats, without significant changes in MAP or PBF. Metformin caused a significant reduction in liver fibrosis (Sirius red), hepatic stellate cell activation (α-smooth muscle actin, platelet-derived growth factor receptor β polypeptide, transforming growth factor-βR1, and Rho kinase), hepatic inflammation (CD68 and CD163), superoxide (dihydroethidium staining), and nitric oxide scavenging (protein nitrotyrosination). Prop, by decreasing PBF, further reduced PP. Similar findings were observed in common bile duct ligated-cirrhotic rats. Metformin administration reduces PP by decreasing the structural and functional components of the elevated hepatic resistance of cirrhosis. This effect is additive to that of Prop. The potential impact of this pharmacological combination, otherwise commonly used in patients with cirrhosis and diabetes, needs clinical evaluation.

  2. From EGEE Operations Portal towards EGI Operations Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordier, Hélène; L'Orphelin, Cyril; Reynaud, Sylvain; Lequeux, Olivier; Loikkanen, Sinikka; Veyre, Pierre

    Grid operators in EGEE have been using a dedicated dashboard as their central operational tool, stable and scalable for the last 5 years despite continuous upgrade from specifications by users, monitoring tools or data providers. In EGEE-III, recent regionalisation of operations led the Operations Portal developers to conceive a standalone instance of this tool. We will see how the dashboard reorganization paved the way for the re-engineering of the portal itself. The outcome is an easily deployable package customized with relevant information sources and specific decentralized operational requirements. This package is composed of a generic and scalable data access mechanism, Lavoisier; a renowned php framework for configuration flexibility, Symfony and a MySQL database. VO life cycle and operational information, EGEE broadcast and Downtime notifications are next for the major reorganization until all other key features of the Operations Portal are migrated to the framework. Features specifications will be sketched at the same time to adapt to EGI requirements and to upgrade. Future work on feature regionalisation, on new advanced features or strategy planning will be tracked in EGI- Inspire through the Operations Tools Advisory Group, OTAG, where all users, customers and third parties of the Operations Portal are represented from January 2010.

  3. Radiological aspects of portal vein embolization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Lienden, K.P.

    2012-01-01

    This thesis deals with liver regeneration after portal vein embolization (PVE) or portal vein ligation (PVL). Several aspects of these portal vein occlusion techniques are evaluated in clinical and experimental studies. In addition, the role of dynamic liver function tests and CT-volumetry in risk a

  4. Portal venous arterialization resulting in increased portal inflow and portal vein wall thickness in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen-Gang Li; Yong-Liang Chen; Jing-Xi Chen; Lei Qu; Bin-Dang Xue; Zhi-Hai Peng; Zhi-Qiang Huang

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To explore the influence of portal vein hemodynamic changes after portal venous arterialization(PVA) on peribiliary vascular plexus (PVP)morphological structure and hepatic pathology,and to establish a theoretical basis for the clinical application of PVA.METHODS:Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control and PVA groups.After PVA,hemodynamic changes of the portal vein and morphological structure of hepatohilar PVP were observed using Doppler ultrasound,liver function tests,ink perfusion transparency management and three-dimensional reconstruction of computer microvisualization,and pathological examination was performed on tissue from the bile duct wall and the liver.RESULTS:After PVA,the cross-sectional area and blood flow of the portal vein were increased,and the increase became more significant over time,in a certain range.If the measure to limit the flow in PVA was not adopted,the high blood flow would lead to dilatation of intrahepatic portal vein and its branches,increase in collagen and fiber degeneration in tunica intima.Except glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT),other liver function tests were normal.CONCLUSION:Blood with a certain flow and oxygen content is important for filling the PVP and meeting the oxygen requirement of the bile duct wall.After PVA,It is the anatomic basis to maintain normal morphology of hepatohilar bile duct wall that the blood with high oxygen content and high flow in arterialized portal vein may fill PVP by collateral vessel reflux.A adequate measure to limit blood flow is necessary in PVA.

  5. Mortality after portal vein embolization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eung Chang; Park, Sang-Jae; Han, Sung-Sik; Park, Hyeong Min; Lee, Seung Duk; Kim, Seong Hoon; Lee, In Joon; Kim, Hyun Beom

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Portal vein embolization (PVE) is increasingly performed worldwide to reduce the possibility of liver failure after extended hepatectomy, by inducing future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy and atrophy of the liver planned for resection. The procedure is known to be very safe and to have few procedure-related complications. In this study, we described 2 elderly patients with Bismuth–Corlette type IV Klatskin tumor who underwent right trisectional PVE involving the embolization of the right portal vein, the left medial sectional portal branch, and caudate portal vein. Within 1 week after PVE, patients went into sepsis combined with bile leak and died within 1 month. Sepsis can cause acute liver failure in patients with chronic liver disease. In this study, the common patient characteristics other than sepsis, that is, trisectional PVE; chronic alcoholism; aged >65 years; heart-related comorbidity; and elevated serum total bilirubin (TB) level (7.0 mg/dL) at the time of the PVE procedure in 1 patient, and concurrent biliary procedure, that is, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage in the other patient might have affected the outcomes of PVE. These cases highlight that PVE is not a safe procedure. Care should be taken to minimize the occurrence of infectious events because sepsis following PVE can cause acute liver failure. Additionally, prior to performing PVE, the extent of PVE, chronic alcohol consumption, age, comorbidity, long-lasting jaundice, concurrent biliary procedure, etc. should be considered for patient safety. PMID:28178122

  6. The new IAGOS Database Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulanger, Damien; Gautron, Benoit; Thouret, Valérie; Fontaine, Alain

    2016-04-01

    IAGOS (In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System) is a European Research Infrastructure which aims at the provision of long-term, regular and spatially resolved in situ observations of the atmospheric composition. IAGOS observation systems are deployed on a fleet of commercial aircraft. The IAGOS database is an essential part of the global atmospheric monitoring network. It contains IAGOS-core data and IAGOS-CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the Atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) data. The IAGOS Database Portal (http://www.iagos.fr, damien.boulanger@obs-mip.fr) is part of the French atmospheric chemistry data center AERIS (http://www.aeris-data.fr). The new IAGOS Database Portal has been released in December 2015. The main improvement is the interoperability implementation with international portals or other databases in order to improve IAGOS data discovery. In the frame of the IGAS project (IAGOS for the Copernicus Atmospheric Service), a data network has been setup. It is composed of three data centers: the IAGOS database in Toulouse; the HALO research aircraft database at DLR (https://halo-db.pa.op.dlr.de); and the CAMS data center in Jülich (http://join.iek.fz-juelich.de). The CAMS (Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service) project is a prominent user of the IGAS data network. The new portal provides improved and new services such as the download in NetCDF or NASA Ames formats, plotting tools (maps, time series, vertical profiles, etc.) and user management. Added value products are available on the portal: back trajectories, origin of air masses, co-location with satellite data, etc. The link with the CAMS data center, through JOIN (Jülich OWS Interface), allows to combine model outputs with IAGOS data for inter-comparison. Finally IAGOS metadata has been standardized (ISO 19115) and now provides complete information about data traceability and quality.

  7. Portals Reference Implementation v. 1.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-04-15

    The Portals reference implementation is based on the Portals 4.X API, published by Sandia National Laboratories as a freely available public document. It is designed to be an implementation of the Portals Networking Application Programming Interface and is used by several other upper layer protocols like SHMEM, GASNet and MPI. It is implemented over existing networks, specifically Ethernet and InfiniBand networks. This implementation provides Portals networks functionality and serves as a software emulation of Portals compliant networking hardware. It can be used to develop software using the Portals API prior to the debut of Portals networking hardware, such as Bull’s BXI interconnect, as well as a substitute for portals hardware on development platforms that do not have Portals compliant hardware. The reference implementation provides new capabilities beyond that of a typical network, namely the ability to have messages matched in hardware in a way compatible with upper layer software such as MPI or SHMEM. It also offers methods of offloading network operations via triggered operations, which can be used to create offloaded collective operations. Specific details on the Portals API can be found at http://portals4.org.

  8. Portal Connecting Dark Photons and Axions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneta, Kunio; Lee, Hye-Sung; Yun, Seokhoon

    2017-03-01

    The dark photon and the axion (or axionlike particle) are popular light particles of the hidden sector. Each of them has been actively searched for through the couplings called the vector portal and the axion portal. We introduce a new portal connecting the dark photon and the axion (axion-photon-dark photon, axion-dark photon-dark photon), which emerges in the presence of the two particles. This dark axion portal is genuinely new couplings, not just from a product of the vector portal and the axion portal, because of the internal structure of these couplings. We present a simple model that realizes the dark axion portal and discuss why it warrants a rich phenomenology.

  9. Grids Portals: Frameworks, Middleware or Toolkit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Medianero-Pasco

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Grid portals are interfaces for interconnection between Grid resources and users. Grid portals are supported by components called portlets, servlets and middleware. Frameworks, middleware and/or development toolkits are used in the design and development of grid portals; each of them presents distinctive characteristics like any existing tool for grid portals such as: GridSphere, GridPort, PortalLab and others. The concept and definition of the components of a Grid Portal are not clear at the time of their application, because different models and works are appointed arbitrarily without taking into account the approach and features of the concept. Their clarification can give an insight to each grid portal and existing components.

  10. Extrahepatic Portal Vein Obstruction and Portal Vein Thrombosis in Special Situations: Need for a New Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wani, Zeeshan A.; Bhat, Riyaz A.; Bhadoria, Ajeet S.; Maiwall, Rakhi

    2015-01-01

    Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction is a vascular disorder of liver, which results in obstruction and cavernomatous transformation of portal vein with or without the involvement of intrahepatic portal vein, splenic vein, or superior mesenteric vein. Portal vein obstruction due to chronic liver disease, neoplasm, or postsurgery is a separate entity and is not the same as extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Patients with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction are generally young and belong mostly to Asian countries. It is therefore very important to define portal vein thrombosis as acute or chronic from management point of view. Portal vein thrombosis in certain situations such as liver transplant and postsurgical/liver transplant period is an evolving area and needs extensive research. There is a need for a new classification, which includes all areas of the entity. In the current review, the most recent literature of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction is reviewed and summarized. PMID:26021771

  11. Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction and portal vein thrombosis in special situations: Need for a new classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeeshan A Wani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction is a vascular disorder of liver, which results in obstruction and cavernomatous transformation of portal vein with or without the involvement of intrahepatic portal vein, splenic vein, or superior mesenteric vein. Portal vein obstruction due to chronic liver disease, neoplasm, or postsurgery is a separate entity and is not the same as extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. Patients with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction are generally young and belong mostly to Asian countries. It is therefore very important to define portal vein thrombosis as acute or chronic from management point of view. Portal vein thrombosis in certain situations such as liver transplant and postsurgical/liver transplant period is an evolving area and needs extensive research. There is a need for a new classification, which includes all areas of the entity. In the current review, the most recent literature of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction is reviewed and summarized.

  12. Uzbekistan Radiation Portal Monnitoring System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, J; Knapp, R; Loshak, A; Yuldashev, B; Petrenko, V

    2005-06-10

    The work proposed in this presentation builds on the foundation set by the DTRA funded demonstration project begun in 2000 and completed in December of 2003. This previous work consisted of two phases whose overall objective was to install portal radiation monitors at four select ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan (Tashkent International Airport, Gisht-Kuprik (Kazakhstan border), Alat (Turkmenistan border), and Termez (Afghanistan border)) in order to demonstrate their effectiveness in preventing the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. The objectives also included developing and demonstrating capabilities in the design, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of a radiation portal monitoring system. The system and demonstration project has proved successful in many ways. An effective working relationship among the Uzbekistan Customs Services, Uzbekistan Border Guards, and Uzbekistan Institute of Nuclear Physics has been developed. There has been unprecedented openness with the sharing of portal monitor data with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The system has proved to be effective, with detection of illicit trafficking, and, at Alat, an arrest of three persons illegally transporting radioactive materials into Turkmenistan. The demonstration project has made Uzbekistan a model nonproliferation state in Central Asia and, with an expanded program, places them in a position to seal a likely transit route for illicit nuclear materials. These results will be described. In addition, this work is currently being expanded to include additional ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan. The process for deciding on which additional ports-of-entry to equip will also be described.

  13. Uzbekistan Radiation Portal Monnitoring System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richardson, J; Knapp, R; Loshak, A; Yuldashev, B; Petrenko, V

    2005-06-10

    The work proposed in this presentation builds on the foundation set by the DTRA funded demonstration project begun in 2000 and completed in December of 2003. This previous work consisted of two phases whose overall objective was to install portal radiation monitors at four select ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan (Tashkent International Airport, Gisht-Kuprik (Kazakhstan border), Alat (Turkmenistan border), and Termez (Afghanistan border)) in order to demonstrate their effectiveness in preventing the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. The objectives also included developing and demonstrating capabilities in the design, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of a radiation portal monitoring system. The system and demonstration project has proved successful in many ways. An effective working relationship among the Uzbekistan Customs Services, Uzbekistan Border Guards, and Uzbekistan Institute of Nuclear Physics has been developed. There has been unprecedented openness with the sharing of portal monitor data with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The system has proved to be effective, with detection of illicit trafficking, and, at Alat, an arrest of three persons illegally transporting radioactive materials into Turkmenistan. The demonstration project has made Uzbekistan a model nonproliferation state in Central Asia and, with an expanded program, places them in a position to seal a likely transit route for illicit nuclear materials. These results will be described. In addition, this work is currently being expanded to include additional ports-of-entry in Uzbekistan. The process for deciding on which additional ports-of-entry to equip will also be described.

  14. Vehicle to Vehicle Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe Rørbæk

    2008-01-01

    , mobility, and availability of services. The dissertation consists of two parts. Part I gives an overview of service oriented architecture for pervasive computing systems and describes the contributions of the publications listed in part II. We investigate architecture for vehicular technology applications......As computing devices, sensors, and actuators pervade our surroundings, new applications emerge with accompanying research challenges. In the transportation domain vehicles are being linked by wireless communication and equipped with an array of sensors and actuators that make is possible to provide...... location aware infotainment, increase safety, and lessen environmental strain. This dissertation is about service oriented architecture for pervasive computing with an emphasis on vehicle to vehicle applications. If devices are exposed as services, applications can be created by composing a set of services...

  15. Preduodenal portal vein: its surgical significance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makey, D A; Bowen, J C

    1978-11-01

    Preduodenal portal vein is a rare anatomical variant which may be one of many anomalies in the neonate with duodenal "atresia." Preduodenal portal vein also may be an occasional finding in an adult undergoing biliary, gastric, or pancreatic surgery. Awareness and recognition of the anomaly are essential for the avoidance of injury during such operations. We report here a symptomless patient whose preduodenal portal vein was discovered at cholecystectomy.

  16. Portal hypertensive duodenal polyp: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jean-David Zeitoun; Ariane Chryssostalis; Benoit Terris; Frederic Prat; Marianne Gaudric; Stanislas Chaussade

    2007-01-01

    Abnormalities of gastric mucosa in patients with portal hypertension are well documented. Manifestations of portal hypertension in small bowel and colon are less common. Colonic polypoid lesions microscopically consisting of a normal mucosa, with dilatation of submucosal vessels, have been described. We here report the first case of portal hypertensive duodenal polyp, responsible for gastro-intestinal bleeding.Endoscopic treatment turned out to be successful.

  17. Pancreatic portal cavernoma in patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein: MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilgrain, Valerie [Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris (France); AP-HP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Radiology, Clichy (France); INSERM, Centre de recherche Biomedicale Bichat-beaujon, CRB3, Paris (France); Hopital Beaujon, Department of Radiology, Paris (France); Condat, Bertrand; Plessier, Aurelie [AP-HP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Gastroenterology, Clichy (France); O' Toole, Dermot [Centre de reference des maladies vasculaires du foie, AP-HP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Hepatology, PMAD, Clichy (France); Ruszniewski, Philippe [Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris (France); INSERM, Centre de recherche Biomedicale Bichat-beaujon, CRB3, Paris (France); Centre de reference des maladies vasculaires du foie, AP-HP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Hepatology, PMAD, Clichy (France); Valla, Dominique C. [Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris (France); INSERM, Centre de recherche Biomedicale Bichat-beaujon, CRB3, Paris (France); AP-HP, Hopital Beaujon, Department of Gastroenterology, Clichy (France)

    2009-11-15

    The purpose of the article was to prospectively evaluate the MR findings of pancreatic portal cavernoma in a consecutive series of patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein. This study was approved by the review board of our institution, and informed consent was obtained. The clinical and biological data and the MR imaging for 20 patients (11 female, 9 male; median age, 49 years) with cavernous transformation of the portal vein and no evidence of previous pancreatic disease were reviewed. The presence of pancreatic portal cavernoma (defined as intra- and/or peripancreatic portal cavernoma), morphological changes in the pancreas, biliary and ductal pancreatic abnormalities, and extension of the portal venous thrombosis were qualitatively assessed. Fifteen patients (75%) had pancreatic portal cavernoma with collateral formation in the pancreas and/or collaterals around the pancreas seen on dynamic contrast-enhanced MR sequences: three patients had both intra- and peripancreatic portal cavernoma, six had intrapancreatic portal cavernoma alone and six had peripancreatic portal cavernoma only. The presence of intra- or peripancreatic portal cavernoma was significantly associated with extension of the thrombosis to the splenic and superior mesenteric veins (p = 0.05). Morphological changes in the pancreas, heterogeneity on T2-weighted sequences and main ductal pancreatic abnormalities were seen in two, four and two patients, respectively. All these patients had intrapancreatic portal cavernoma. Bile duct dilatation was observed in 13 (65%) patients: among them three had extrahepatic dilatation only and these three patients had associated intrapancreatic portal cavernoma. In patients with cavernous transformation of the portal vein, intra- or peripancreatic portal cavernoma is common. In conclusion, intra- or peripancreatic portal cavernoma was only observed in patients with extension of the thrombosis to the splenic vein and/or the superior mesenteric

  18. Portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schettino, Graziela C M; Fagundes, Eleonora D T; Roquete, Mariza L V; Ferreira, Alexandre R; Penna, Francisco J

    2006-01-01

    To review the literature on portal vein thrombosis in children and adolescents, focusing on its diagnosis, complications and treatment. The medical literature of the past 10 years was reviewed using the PubMed and MEDLINE search engines, with major focus on portal vein thrombosis and its clinical outcomes. The following keywords or expressions were used for the web search: portal vein thrombosis, extra-hepatic portal vein obstruction, prognosis, children, portal hypertension, esophagogastric varices. Additionally, we also reviewed the articles cited in the references of the initially selected papers, as well as relevant textbooks. Portal vein thrombosis is one of the most common causes of portal hypertension among children. The initial clinical manifestation is characterized either by episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding or by splenomegaly on routine clinical examination. The major complications include upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hypersplenism secondary to splenomegaly, growth retardation, and portal biliopathy. The diagnosis is made by abdominal Doppler ultrasonography. Treatment is targeted at the complications and includes primary and secondary prophylaxis against upper gastrointestinal bleeding (which results from the rupture of esophageal varices), and portosystemic shunting in selected cases. Portal vein thrombosis is one of the major triggers of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Bleeding episodes have a remarkable effect on the quality of life of affected patients. Thus, appropriate diagnosis and treatment are needed in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.

  19. PORTAL VEIN THROMBOSIS-ULTRASOUND IMAGING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trajkovska Meri

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Portal venous system, apart from the main portal vein, includes its tributaries: superior and inferior mesenteric vein, as well as splenic vein, so the term portal venous thrombosis encompasses a broad spectrum of pathological conditions. Usually, one or more causative factors can be recognized, either local endothelial/ flow disturbances, or systemic inherited /acquired conditions. Portal vein thrombosis can be associated with benign or malignant disorders. Weather we are speaking about acute or chronic thrombosis, the clinical presentation is different. Acute thrombosis can be presented in a wide range, from mild abdominal discomfort to a state of intestinal ischemia and life-threatening infarction. Chronic thrombosis is usually recognized when variceal bleeding or other symptoms of portal hypertension express. Fast and accurate diagnosis sometimes is a life-saving procedure, especially in acute vascular alterations. Recently, due to the improvement of imaging procedures the number of patients with diagnosed portal vein thrombosis is increasingly growing. With a negative predictive value of 98% color Doppler ultrasound is considered as imaging modality of choice in detecting portal vein thrombosis. Based on large studies it is presumed that overall risk of getting portal vein thrombosis during lifetime is 1% in general population, but much bigger 5%-15% in cirrhotic patients. Existence of specific ultrasound criteria, if fulfilled, has ensured that diagnosis of portal vein thrombosis is fast and non-invasive. Procedure is convenient for the patient and healthcare providers, and above all, allows prompt treatment preventing further deterioration.

  20. Patient portals - An online tool for your health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000880.htm Patient portals - an online tool for your health To ... is private and secure. What is in a Patient Portal? With a patient portal, you can: Make ...

  1. A user-oriented model for global enterprise portal design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, X.; Ehrenhard, M.L.; Hicks, J.N.; Maathuis, S.J.; Hou, Y.

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise portals collect and synthesise information from various systems to deliver personalised and highly relevant information to users. Enterprise portals' design and applications are widely discussed in the literature; however, the implications of portal design in a global networked environmen

  2. A user-oriented model for global enterprise portal design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, X.; Ehrenhard, Michel Léon; Hicks, Jeff; Maathuis, Stephanus Johannes; Maathuis, S.J.; Hou, Y.

    2010-01-01

    Enterprise portals collect and synthesise information from various systems to deliver personalised and highly relevant information to users. Enterprise portals' design and applications are widely discussed in the literature; however, the implications of portal design in a global networked

  3. Motion estimation accuracy for visible-light/gamma-ray imaging fusion for portable portal monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnowski, Thomas P.; Cunningham, Mark F.; Goddard, James S.; Cheriyadat, Anil M.; Hornback, Donald E.; Fabris, Lorenzo; Kerekes, Ryan A.; Ziock, Klaus-Peter; Gee, Timothy F.

    2010-01-01

    The use of radiation sensors as portal monitors is increasing due to heightened concerns over the smuggling of fissile material. Portable systems that can detect significant quantities of fissile material that might be present in vehicular traffic are of particular interest. We have constructed a prototype, rapid-deployment portal gamma-ray imaging portal monitor that uses machine vision and gamma-ray imaging to monitor multiple lanes of traffic. Vehicles are detected and tracked by using point detection and optical flow methods as implemented in the OpenCV software library. Points are clustered together but imperfections in the detected points and tracks cause errors in the accuracy of the vehicle position estimates. The resulting errors cause a "blurring" effect in the gamma image of the vehicle. To minimize these errors, we have compared a variety of motion estimation techniques including an estimate using the median of the clustered points, a "best-track" filtering algorithm, and a constant velocity motion estimation model. The accuracy of these methods are contrasted and compared to a manually verified ground-truth measurement by quantifying the rootmean- square differences in the times the vehicles cross the gamma-ray image pixel boundaries compared with a groundtruth manual measurement.

  4. Endovascular interventions for traumatic portal venous hemorrhage complicated by portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dinesh; Kumar; Sundarakumar; Crysela; Mirta; Smith; Jorge; Enrique; Lopera; Matthew; Kogut; Rajeev; Suri

    2013-01-01

    Life-threatening hemorrhage rarely occurs from the portal vein following blunt hepatic trauma.Traditionally,severe portal bleeding in this setting has been controlled by surgical techniques such as packing,ligation,and venorrhaphy.The presence of portal hypertension could potentially increase the amount of hemorrhage in the setting of blunt portal vein trauma making it more difficult to control.This case series describes the use of indirect carbon dioxide portography to identify portal hemorrhage.Furthermore,these cases illustrate attempted endovascular treatment utilizing a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in one scenario and transmesocaval shunt coiling of a jejunal varix in the other.

  5. Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript is present in hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurones and is released to the hypothalamic-pituitary portal circuit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, P J; Seier, V; Fink-Jensen, A

    2003-01-01

    -opiomelanocortin in the ventrolateral part, but completely absent from neuroendocrine neurones of the dorsomedial part. To assess the possible role of CART as a hypothalamic-releasing factor, immunoreactive CART was measured in blood samples from the long portal vessels connecting the median eminence with the anterior pituitary gland....... Adult male rats were anaesthetized and the infundibular stalk exposed via a transpharyngeal approach. The long portal vessels were transected and blood collected in 30-min periods (one prestimulatory and three poststimulatory periods). Compared to systemic venous plasma samples, baseline concentrations...... of immunoreactive CART were elevated in portal plasma. Exposure to sodium nitroprusside hypotension triggered a two-fold elevation of portal CART42-89 immunoreactivity throughout the 90-min stimulation period. In contrast, the concentration of portal plasma CART immunoreactivity dropped in the vehicle infused rats...

  6. Portal vein gas in emergency surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Hind

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Portal vein gas is an ominous radiological sign, which indicates a serious gastrointestinal problem in the majority of patients. Many causes have been identified and the most important was bowel ischemia and mesenteric vascular accident. The presentation of patients is varied and the diagnosis of the underlying problem depends mainly on the radiological findings and clinical signs. The aim of this article is to show the clinical importance of portal vein gas and its management in emergency surgery. Methods A computerised search was made of the Medline for publications discussing portal vein gas through March 2008. Sixty articles were identified and selected for this review because of their relevance. These articles cover a period from 1975–2008. Results Two hundreds and seventy-five patients with gas in the portal venous system were reported. The commonest cause for portal vein gas was bowel ischemia and mesenteric vascular pathology (61.44%. This was followed by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (16.26%, obstruction and dilatation (9.03%, sepsis (6.6%, iatrogenic injury and trauma (3.01% and cancer (1.8%. Idiopathic portal vein gas was also reported (1.8%. Conclusion Portal vein gas is a diagnostic sign, which indicates a serious intra-abdominal pathology requiring emergency surgery in the majority of patients. Portal vein gas due to simple and benign cause can be treated conservatively. Correlation between clinical and diagnostic findings is important to set the management plan.

  7. Idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riggio O

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Oliviero Riggio,1 Stefania Gioia,1 Ilaria Pentassuglio,1 Valeria Nicoletti,1 Michele Valente,2 Giulia d’Amati2 1Department of Clinical Medicine, Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Portal Hypertension, 2Department of Radiological, Oncological, and Pathological Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy Abstract: The term idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH has been recently proposed to replace terms, such as hepatoportal sclerosis, idiopathic portal hypertension, incomplete septal cirrhosis, and nodular regenerative hyperplasia, used to describe patients with a hepatic presinusoidal cause of portal hypertension of unknown etiology, characterized by features of portal hypertension (esophageal varices, nonmalignant ascites, porto-venous collaterals, splenomegaly, patent portal, and hepatic veins and no clinical and histological signs of cirrhosis. Physicians should learn to look for this condition in a number of clinical settings, including cryptogenic cirrhosis, a disease known to be associated with INCPH, drug administration, and even chronic alterations in liver function tests. Once INCPH is clinically suspected, liver histology becomes mandatory for the correct diagnosis. However, pathologists should be familiar with the histological features of INCPH, especially in cases in which histology is not only requested to exclude liver cirrhosis. Keywords: idiopathic portal hypertension, obliterative portal venopathy, esophageal varices, splenomegaly

  8. CAVERNOUS TRANSFORMATION OF PORTAL VEIN : A RARE ANATOMIC DEVELOPMENT WITH EMPHASIS ON ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF PORTAL BLOOD FLOW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashfaq Ul Hassan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Portal vein contributes to more than 70 % blood flow to the liver the significant increases in portal venous blood pressure is associated with major systemic manifestations. Having a knowledge about Portal Blood supply is important tio any clinician, gastroenterologist or any Hepatic Surgeon. The Article outlines the rare development of Portal Cavernoma in a patient who had Portal Hypertension. Portal cavernoma is a consequence of portal vein thrombosis. We Present a case of a lady with mild Right hypochondriac pain who on evaluation was found to have Cavernomatous transformation of Portal vein without any other abnormality.

  9. Two-portal Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Ghorbani, Karim

    2015-01-01

    We propose a dark matter model in which a fermionic dark matter (DM) candidate communicates with standard model particles through two distinct portals: Higgs and vector portals. The dark sector is charged under a $U(1)'$ gauge symmetry while the standard model has a leptophobic interaction with the dark vector boson. The leading contribution of DM-nucleon elastic scattering cross section begins at one-loop level. The model meets all the constraints imposed by direct detection experiments provided by LUX and XENON100, observed relic abundance according to WMAP and Planck, and the invisible Higgs decay width measured at the LHC. It turns out that the dark matter mass in the viable parameter space can take values from a few GeV up to 1 TeV. In addition, we can find in the constrained regions of the parameter space a DM mass of $\\sim 34$ GeV annihilating into $b$ quark pair, which explains the Fermi-LAT gamma-ray excess.

  10. Customizable scientific web portal for fusion research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abla, G., E-mail: abla@fusion.gat.co [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, CA (United States); Kim, E.N.; Schissel, D.P.; Flanagan, S.M. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, CA (United States)

    2010-07-15

    Web browsers have become a major application interface for participating in scientific experiments such as those in magnetic fusion. The recent advances in web technologies motivated the deployment of interactive web applications with rich features. In the scientific world, web applications have been deployed in portal environments. When used in a scientific research environment, such as fusion experiments, web portals can present diverse sources of information in a unified interface. However, the design and development of a scientific web portal has its own challenges. One such challenge is that a web portal needs to be fast and interactive despite the high volume of information and number of tools it presents. Another challenge is that the visual output of the web portal must not be overwhelming to the end users, despite the high volume of data generated by fusion experiments. Therefore, the applications and information should be customizable depending on the needs of end users. In order to meet these challenges, the design and implementation of a web portal needs to support high interactivity and user customization. A web portal has been designed to support the experimental activities of DIII-D researchers worldwide by providing multiple services, such as real-time experiment status monitoring, diagnostic data access and interactive data visualization. The web portal also supports interactive collaborations by providing a collaborative logbook, shared visualization and online instant messaging services. The portal's design utilizes the multi-tier software architecture and has been implemented utilizing web 2.0 technologies, such as AJAX, Django, and Memcached, to develop a highly interactive and customizable user interface. It offers a customizable interface with personalized page layouts and list of services, which allows users to create a unique, personalized working environment to fit their own needs and interests. This paper describes the software

  11. BSD Portals for LINUX 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNab, A. David; woo, Alex (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    Portals, an experimental feature of 4.4BSD, extend the file system name space by exporting certain open () requests to a user-space daemon. A portal daemon is mounted into the file name space as if it were a standard file system. When the kernel resolves a pathname and encounters a portal mount point, the remainder of the path is passed to the portal daemon. Depending on the portal "pathname" and the daemon's configuration, some type of open (2) is performed. The resulting file descriptor is passed back to the kernel which eventually returns it to the user, to whom it appears that a "normal" open has occurred. A proxy portalfs file system is responsible for kernel interaction with the daemon. The overall effect is that the portal daemon performs an open (2) on behalf of the kernel, possibly hiding substantial complexity from the calling process. One particularly useful application is implementing a connection service that allows simple scripts to open network sockets. This paper describes the implementation of portals for LINUX 2.0.

  12. Sinistral Portal Hypertension. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Singhal

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Sinistral portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome of gastric variceal hemorrhage in the setting of splenic vein thrombosis due to a primary pancreatic pathology. The distinguishing features from other forms of portal hypertension are preserved liver function and a patent extrahepatic portal vein. The important causes include acute and chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic pseudocysts and pancreatic carcinomas. Benign pancreatic neoplasms only rarely cause sinistral portal hypertension. Splenic vein thrombosis complicates 7-20% of patients having pancreatitis or a pancreatic pseudocyst; however, bleeding occurs in only approximately 5% of patients. The diagnosis of sinistral portal hypertension is achieved by a combination of gastroscopy, liver function tests, ultrasound examination (with Doppler and/or contrast-enhanced CT scan of the abdomen.A mere demonstration of sinistral portal hypertension does not warrant intervention. An expectant management is justifiable in asymptomatic patients with pancreatitis. However, concomitant splenectomy may be considered in patients undergoing operative treatment of symptomatic chronic pancreatitis if sinistral portal hypertension and gastroesophageal varices are present. In patients presenting with gastric variceal hemorrhage, splenectomy (with treatment for the primary pancreatic pathology, e.g. distal pancreatectomy is curative with excellent long term results.

  13. CERN & Society launches donation portal

    CERN Document Server

    Cian O'Luanaigh

    2014-01-01

    The CERN & Society programme brings together projects in the areas of education and outreach, innovation and knowledge exchange, and culture and arts, that spread the CERN spirit of scientific curiosity for the inspiration and benefit of society. Today, CERN & Society is launching its "giving" website – a portal to allow donors to contribute to various projects and forge new relationships with CERN.   "The CERN & Society initiative in its embryonic form began almost three years ago, with the feeling that the laboratory could play a bigger role for the benefit of society," says Matteo Castoldi, Head of the CERN Development Office, who, with his team, is seeking supporters and ambassadors for the CERN & Society initiative. "The concept is not completely new – in some sense it is embedded in CERN’s DNA, as the laboratory helps society by creating knowledge and new technologies – but we would like to d...

  14. Freeze-in through portals

    CERN Document Server

    Blennow, Mattias; Zaldivar, Bryan

    2014-01-01

    The popular freeze-out paradigm for Dark Matter (DM) production, relies on DM-baryon couplings of the order of the weak interactions. However, different search strategies for DM have failed to provide a conclusive evidence of such (non-gravitational) interactions, while greatly reducing the parameter space of many representative models. This motivates the study of alternative mechanisms for DM genesis. In the freeze-in framework, the DM is slowly populated from the thermal bath while never reaching equilibrium. In this work, we analyse in detail the possibility of producing a frozen-in DM via a mediator particle which acts as a portal. We give analytical estimates of different freeze-in regimes and support them with full numerical analyses, taking into account the proper distribution functions of bath particles. Finally, we constrain the parameter space of generic models by requiring agreement with DM relic abundance observations.

  15. Higgs portals to pulsar collapse

    CERN Document Server

    Bramante, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    Pulsars apparently missing from the galactic center could have been destroyed by asymmetric fermionic dark matter ($m_X = 1-100$ GeV) coupled to a light scalar ($m_{\\phi}= 5-20$ MeV), which mixes with the Higgs boson. We point out that this pulsar-collapsing dark sector can resolve the core-cusp problem and will either be excluded or discovered by upcoming direct detection experiments. Another implication is a maximum pulsar age curve that increases with distance from the galactic center, with a normalization that depends on the couplings and masses of dark sector particles. In addition, we use old pulsars outside the galactic center to place bounds on asymmetric Higgs portal models.

  16. Portal Decompression Using the Inferior Mesenteric Vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Gorini

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available We report five patients with variceal hemorrhage, in three cases secondary to diffuse thrombosis of the portal, superior mesenteric and splenic veins. Mesenteric angiography demonstrated patency of the inferior mesenteric vein (IMV in each, and successful portal decompression by anastomosis of the IMV to the left renal vein (n=4 or the inferior vena cava (n=1 was accomplished. Bleeding was permanently controlled: four patients have survived from one to eight years post-operatively. Because shunt procedures utilizing the IMV are technically straightforward, subtotally decompress the portal system and avoid the right upper quadrant, they may be advantageous in certain clinical settings.

  17. Splenic vasculopathy in portal hypertension patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Li; Ji-Yuan Ni; Yan-Wu Qi; Hai-Yang Li; Tong Zhang; Zhen Yang

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the interaction between portal hypertension, splanchnic hyperdynamic circulation and splanchnic vasculopathy by observing splenic arterial and venous pathological changes and the role of extracellular matrix in the pathogenesis of portal hypertensive vasculopathy by measuring the expression of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ procollagen mRNA in splenic venous walls of portal hypertensive patients.METHODS: Morphological changes of splenic arteries and veins taken from portal hypertensive patients (n = 20)and normal controls (n = 10) were observed under optical and electron microscope. Total RNA was extracted and the expression of type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ procollagen mRNA in splenic venous walls of portal hypertensive patients (n = 20) was semi-quantitatively detected using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR).RESULTS: Under optical microscope, splenic arterial intima was destroyed and internal elastic membrane and medial elastic fibers of the splenic arterial walls were degenerated and broken. Splenic venous intima became remarkably thick. Endothelial cells were not intact with formation of mural thrombus. The tunica media became thickened significantly due to hypertrophy of smooth muscles. Fibers and connective tissues were increased obviously. Under electron microscope, smooth muscle cells of the splenic arteries were degenerated and necrotized. Phenotypes of smooth muscle cells changed from constrictive into synthetic type. Red blood cells and platelets accumulated around the damaged endothelial cells. Synthetic smooth muscle cells were predominant in splenic veins and their cytoplasma had plentiful rough endoplasmic reticulum ribosomes and Golgi bodies. Along the vascular wall, a lot of collagen fibers were deposited,the intima was damaged and blood components accumulated. There was no significant difference in the expression of type Ⅰ procollagen mRNA in splenic venous wall between the patients with portal hypertension and those

  18. Propranolol for portal hypertension. Evaluation of therapeutic response by direct measurement of portal vein pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rector, W G

    1985-04-01

    Portal vein pressure was measured before and after a week of oral propranolol hydrochloride therapy in 27 patients with alcoholic liver disease. Mean net portal pressure fell (14.5 +/- 3.3 to 12.5 +/- 4.5 mm Hg), but there was wide variation in individual response to the drug. Simultaneous transhepatic portal vein pressure and wedged hepatic vein pressure were similar before and one hour after a single oral dose of 40 mg of propranolol hydrochloride in six additional patients. Arterial, portal, and hepatic vein oxygen content did not change significantly. Propranolol hydrochloride appears not to dissociate portal and wedged hepatic vein pressure or to impair liver oxygenation. Because of variability of response, the portal hypotensive effect of propranolol should be documented before beginning therapy with the drug.

  19. Zolmitriptan: a novel portal hypotensive agent which synergizes with propranolol in lowering portal pressure.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Reboredo

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Only a limited proportion of patients needing pharmacological control of portal hypertension are hemodynamic responders to propranolol. Here we analyzed the effects of zolmitriptan on portal pressure and its potential interaction with propranolol. METHODS: ZOLMITRIPTAN, PROPRANOLOL OR BOTH WERE TESTED IN TWO RAT MODELS OF PORTAL HYPERTENSION: common bile duct ligation (CBDL and CCl4-induced cirrhosis. In these animals we measured different hemodynamic parameters including portal venous pressure, arterial renal flow, portal blood flow and cardiac output. We also studied the changes in superior mesenteric artery perfusion pressure and in arterial wall cAMP levels induced by zolmitriptan, propranolol or both. Moreover, we determined the effect of splanchnic sympathectomy on the response of PVP to zolmitriptan. RESULTS: In both models of portal hypertension zolmitriptan induced a dose-dependent transient descent of portal pressure accompanied by reduction of portal flow with only slight decrease in renal flow. In cirrhotic rats, splanchnic sympathectomy intensified and prolonged zolmitriptan-induced portal pressure descent. Also, propranolol caused more intense and durable portal pressure fall when combined with zolmitriptan. Mesenteric artery perfusion pressure peaked for about 1 min upon zolmitriptan administration but showed no change with propranolol. However propranolol enhanced and prolonged the elevation in mesenteric artery perfusion pressure induced by zolmitriptan. In vitro studies showed that propranolol prevented the inhibitory effects of β2-agonists on zolmitriptan-induced vasoconstriction and the combination of propranolol and zolmitriptan significantly reduced the elevation of cAMP caused by β2-agonists. CONCLUSION: Zolmitriptan reduces portal hypertension and non-selective beta-blockers can improve this effect. Combination therapy deserves consideration for patients with portal hypertension failing to respond to non

  20. Effects of raloxifene on portal hypertension and hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ching-Chih; Lee, Wen-Shin; Chuang, Chiao-Lin; Hsin, I-Fang; Hsu, Shao-Jung; Chang, Ting; Huang, Hui-Chun; Lee, Fa-Yauh; Lee, Shou-Dong

    2017-05-05

    Raloxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, has been used extensively for osteoporosis. In addition to the effect of osteoporosis treatment, emerging evidences show that raloxifene affects the vascular function in different tissues. Cirrhosis is characterized with portal hypertension and complicated with hepatic encephalopathy. Portal hypertension affects portal-systemic shunt which leads to hepatic encephalopathy that the vascular modulation might influence severity of hepatic encephalopathy. Herein, we evaluated the impact of raloxifene on bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced cirrhotic rats. The female Sprague-Dawley rats received BDL plus ovariectomy or sham-operation. Four weeks later, rats were divided into 2 subgroups respectively to receive of raloxifene (10mg/kg/day) or saline (vehicle) for 14 days. On the 43th day, motor activities and hemodynamic parameters were measured. Hepatic and vascular mRNA and protein expressions were determined. The histopathological change of liver was examined. We found that the liver biochemistry, ammonia level and motor activity were similar between cirrhotic rats with or without raloxifene administration. The hemodynamic parameters were not significantly different except that raloxifene reduced portal venous inflow. Raloxifene exacerbated hepatic fibrosis and up-regulated hepatic endothelin-1 and cyclooxygenase 2 protein expressions. In addition, raloxifene modulated the mRNA expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase and endothelin-1 in the superior mesenteric artery and collateral vessel. In conclusion, raloxifene aggravates hepatic fibrosis and decreases portal venous inflow in cirrhotic rats without adversely affecting portal hypertension and hepatic encephalopathy. The modulation of hepatic and vascular endothelin-1, endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase expressions may play a role in the mechanism.

  1. Air quality nearby road traffic tunnel portals: BTEX monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fabio Murena

    2007-01-01

    A monitoring campaign of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o- m- and p-xylene) was carried out nearby two tunnel portals in the urban area of Naples with the aim to verify air quality in this kind of urban sites. Sampling was carried out using the active adsorption technique. Sampling time was 1 h. Ambient temperature and traffic flow measurements were carried out during each sampling operation. The results indicate that average benzene concentrations at both sites exceed the limit value of 10 μg/Nm3 established by the European Community (EC) (Dir. 2000/69). Concentration levels of other BTEX are relatively high as well. A correlation between BTEX concentration and two wheeler vehicle flow was observed.

  2. Air quality nearby road traffic tunnel portals: BTEX monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murena, Fabio

    2007-01-01

    A monitoring campaign of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o- m- and p-xylene) was carried out nearby two tunnel portals in the urban area of Naples with the aim to verify air quality in this kind of urban sites. Sampling was carried out using the active adsorption technique. Sampling time was 1 h. Ambient temperature and traffic flow measurements were carried out during each sampling operation. The results indicate that average benzene concentrations at both sites exceed the limit value of 10 microg/Nm3 established by the European Community (EC) (Dir. 2000/69). Concentration levels of other BTEX are relatively high as well. A correlation between BTEX concentration and two wheeler vehicle flow was observed.

  3. R2 Water Quality Portal Monitoring Stations

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Water Quality Data Portal (WQP) provides an easy way to access data stored in various large water quality databases. The WQP provides various input parameters on...

  4. Volatile Organic Compunds (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  5. Natural Disasters (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  6. Particulate Matter (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  7. Indoor Air Pollution (Environmental Health Student Portal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skip Navigation National Library of Medicine Environmental Health Student Portal Connecting Middle School Students to Environmental Health Information Menu Home Air Pollution Air Pollution Home Indoor Air Pollution Outdoor Air ...

  8. Federal High End Computing (HEC) Information Portal

    Data.gov (United States)

    Networking and Information Technology Research and Development, Executive Office of the President — This portal provides information about opportunities to engage in U.S. Federal government high performance computing activities, including supercomputer use,...

  9. [Emphysematous gastritis with concomitant portal venous air].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Min Yeong; Kim, Jin Il; Kim, Jae Young; Kim, Hyun Ho; Jo, Ik Hyun; Seo, Jae Hyun; Kim, Il Kyu; Cheung, Dae Young

    2015-02-01

    Emphysematous gastritis is a rare form of gastritis caused by infection of the stomach wall by gas forming bacteria. It is a very rare condition that carries a high mortality rate. Portal venous gas shadow represents elevation of intestinal luminal pressure which manifests as emphysematous gastritis or gastric emphysema. Literature reviews show that the mortality rate is especially high when portal venous gas shadow is present on CT scan. Until recently, the treatment of emphysematous gastritis has been immediate surgical intervention. However, there is a recent trend of avoiding surgery because of the frequent occurrence of post-operative complications such as anastomosis leakage. In addition, aggressive surgical treatment has failed to show significant improvement in prognosis. Recently, the authors experienced a case of emphysematous gastritis accompanied by portal venous gas which was treated successfully by conservative treatment without immediate surgical intervention. Herein, we present a case of emphysematous gastritis with concomitant portal venous air along with literature review.

  10. Autonomic dysfunction in cirrhosis and portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dümcke, Christine Winkler; Møller, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension are frequently associated with signs of circulatory dysfunction and peripheral polyneuropathy, which includes defects of the autonomic nervous system. Autonomic dysfunction, which is seen in both alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver cirrhosis and increases...

  11. Getting started with Citrix CloudPortal

    CERN Document Server

    U, Puthiyavan

    2013-01-01

    The book will follow a step-by-step, tutorial-based approach and show readers how to take advantage of Citrix CloudPortal's capabilities.This book is ideal for administrators and engineers new to the Citrix Cloud Solution CPSM, CPBM, and who are looking to get a good grounding in Citrix's new product. It's assumed that you will have some experience in the basics of cloud computing already. No prior knowledge of CloudPortal is expected.

  12. Idiopathic Noncirrhotic Portal Hypertension: An Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwajeong; Rehman, Aseeb Ur; Fiel, M. Isabel

    2016-01-01

    Idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension is a poorly defined clinical condition of unknown etiology. Patients present with signs and symptoms of portal hypertension without evidence of cirrhosis. The disease course appears to be indolent and benign with an overall better outcome than cirrhosis, as long as the complications of portal hypertension are properly managed. This condition has been recognized in different parts of the world in diverse ethnic groups with variable risk factors, resulting in numerous terminologies and lack of standardized diagnostic criteria. Therefore, although the diagnosis of idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension requires clinical exclusion of other conditions that can cause portal hypertension and histopathologic confirmation, this entity is under-recognized clinically as well as pathologically. Recent studies have demonstrated that variable histopathologic entities with different terms likely represent a histologic spectrum of a single entity of which obliterative portal venopathy might be an underlying pathogenesis. This perception calls for standardization of the nomenclature and formulation of widely accepted diagnostic criteria, which will facilitate easier recognition of this disorder and will highlight awareness of this entity. PMID:26563701

  13. Information searching behavior of users corporate portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelley Cristine Gonçalves Dias Gasque

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Corporate portals are important in competitive organizations to transcend the search, retrieval and dissemination of information among stakeholders, contributing to the culture of interaction and knowledge sharing. Objective: The article presents the results of a master's degree research which analyzed the information searching behavior of users of corporate portals in Eletronorte. Methodology: Wilson's (1981 model of information-seeking behavior, focused on cognitive needs of information users, correlated to the proposal of Dias (2001b are used to characterize the corporate portal. The research uses quantitative and qualitative approaches in the analysis of collected data. Results: The main factors that stimulate the search for information in the portal are the centralized access to information and documents, with proper disclosure, as well as promoting information sharing among audiences of the organization. Conclusions: The Knowledge Portal represents a source of qualified information for decision making and spreading of organizational knowledge. The lack of a policy for information literacy and the culture of information sharing between users constitute themselves potential barriers to searching in corporate information portals.

  14. Electric vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-03-01

    Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. These concepts are discussed.

  15. Search Engine For Ebook Portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant Kanade

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to establish the textual analytics involved in developing a search engine for an ebook portal. We have extracted our dataset from Project Gutenberg using a robot harvester. Textual Analytics is used for efficient search retrieval. The entire dataset is represented using Vector Space Model where each document is a vector in the vector space. Further for computational purposes we represent our dataset in the form of a Term Frequency- Inverse Document Frequency tf-idf matrix. The first step involves obtaining the most coherent sequence of words of the search query entered. The entered query is processed using Front End algorithms this includes-Spell Checker Text Segmentation and Language Modeling. Back End processing includes Similarity Modeling Clustering Indexing and Retrieval. The relationship between documents and words is established using cosine similarity measured between the documents and words in Vector Space. Clustering performed is used to suggest books that are similar to the search query entered by the user. Lastly the Lucene Based Elasticsearch engine is used for indexing on the documents. This allows faster retrieval of data. Elasticsearch returns a dictionary and creates a tf-idf matrix. The processed query is compared with the dictionary obtained and tf-idf matrix is used to calculate the score for each match to give most relevant result.

  16. Applications of portals in the energetic sector; Aplicaciones de portales en el sector energetico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Dominguez, Martin; Arroyo Figueroa, Gustavo [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    An operative portal joins the applications, contents and services of the company in a single page of Intranet such way that promises to change deeply the information technology in the next years. The corporative portals will change what people visualize in the screen of their computer at the beginning of every working day. Unlike seeing the network (Web) only with pages of language of hypertext bearing (HTML), the corporative portal acts as a gate between Internet and the private networks. This article presents a general vision of the benefits of the corporative portals, the existing technologies and the potential markets. [Spanish] Un portal operativo une las aplicaciones, contenidos y servicios de la empresa en una sola pagina de Intranet, de tal forma que promete cambiar, profundamente la tecnologia de la informacion en los proximos anos. Los portales corporativos cambiaran lo que la gente visualiza en la pantalla de su computadora al comienzo de cada dia de trabajo. A diferencia de ver la red (Web) solo con paginas de lenguaje de marcacion de hipertexto (HTML), el portal corporativo actua como compuerta entre Internet y las redes privadas. Este articulo presenta una vision general de los beneficios de los portales corporativos, las tecnologias y los mercados potenciales existentes.

  17. An Approach for harmonizing European Water Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesquer, Lluís; Stasch, Christoph; Masó, Joan; Jirka, Simon; Domingo, Xavier; Guitart, Francesc; Turner, Thomas; Hinderk Jürrens, Eike

    2017-04-01

    A number of European funded research projects is developing novel solutions for water monitoring, modeling and management. To generate innovations in the water sector, third parties from industry and the public sector need to take up the solutions and bring them into the market. A variety of portals exists to support this move into the market. Examples on the European level are the EIP Water Online Marketplace(1), the WaterInnEU Marketplace(2), the WISE RTD Water knowledge portal(3), the WIDEST- ICT for Water Observatory(4) or the SWITCH-ON Virtual Product Market and Virtual Water-Science Laboratory(5). Further innovation portals and initiatives exist on the national or regional level, for example, the Denmark knows water platform6 or the Dutch water alliance(7). However, the different portals often cover the same projects, the same products and the same services. Since they are technically separated and have their own data models and databases, people need to duplicate information and maintain it at several endpoints. This requires additional efforts and hinders the interoperable exchange between these portals and tools using the underlying data. In this work, we provide an overview on the existing portals and present an approach for harmonizing and integrating common information that is provided across different portals. The approach aims to integrate the common in formation in a common database utilizing existing vocabularies, where possible. An Application Programming Interface allows access the information in a machine-readable way and utilizing the information in other applications beyond description and discovery purposes. (1) http://www.eip-water.eu/my-market-place (2) https://marketplace.waterinneu.org (3) http://www.wise-rtd.info/ (4) http://iwo.widest.eu (5) http://www.switch-on-vwsl.eu/ (6) http://www.rethinkwater.dk/ (7) http://wateralliance.nl/

  18. Portacaval Shunt for Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Craig Collins

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertensive gastropathy is a vascular disorder of the gastric mucosa distinguished by ectasia of the mucosal capillaries and submucosal veins without inflammation. During 1988 to 1993, 12 patients with biopsyproven cirrhosis (10 alcoholic, 2 posthepatitic were evaluated and treated prospectively by portacaval shunt for active bleeding from severe portal hypertensive gastropathy. Eleven patients had been hospitalized for bleeding three to nine times previously, and one was bleeding uncontrollably for the first time. Requirement for blood transfusions ranged from 11 to 39 units cumulatively, of which 8 to 30 units were required specifically to replace blood lost from portal hypertensive gastropathy. Admission findings were ascites in 9 patients, jaundice in 8, severe muscle wasting in 10, hyperdynamic state in 9. Child's risk class was C in 7, B in 4, A in 1. Ten of the 12 patients had previously received repetitive endoscopic sclerotherapy for esophageal varices, which has been reported to precipitate portal hypertensive gastropathy. Eight patients had failed propranolol therapy for bleeding. Portacaval shunt was performed emergently in 11 patients and electively in 1, and permanently stopped bleeding in all by reducing the mean portal vein-inferior vena cava pressure gradient from 251 to 16 mm saline. There were no operative deaths, and two unrelated late deaths after 13 and 24 months. During 1 to 6.75 years of followup, all shunts remained patent by ultrasonography, the gastric mucosa reverted to normal On serial endoscopy, and there was no gastrointestinal bleeding. Recurrent portal-systemic encephalopathy developed in only 8% of patients. Quality of life was generally good. It is concluded that portacaval shunt provides definitive treatment of bleeding portal hypertensive gastropathy by eliminating the underlying cause, and makes possible prolonged survival with an acceptable quality of life.

  19. The MISTRALS programme data portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brissebrat, Guillaume; Belmahfoud, Nizar; Cloché, Sophie; Darras, Sabine; Descloitres, Jacques; Drocourt, Yoann; Ferré, Hélène; Henriot, Nicolas; Ramage, Karim

    2017-04-01

    different file formats and data processing tools. The MISTRALS data portal - http://mistrals.sedoo.fr/ - has been designed and developed as a unified tool for sharing scientific data in spite of many sources of heterogeneity, and for fostering collaboration between research communities. The metadata (data description) are standardized and comply with international standards (ISO 19115-19139; INSPIRE European Directive; Global Change Master Directory Thesaurus). A search tool allows to browse the catalog by keyword or multicriteria selection (area, period, physical property...) and to access data. Every in situ dataset is available in the native format, but the most commonly used datasets have been homogenized (property names, units, quality flags...) and inserted in a relational database, in order to enable accurate data selection, and download in standard formats. At present the MISTRALS data portal enables to access about 650 datasets. It counts more than 675 registered users and about 100 data requests every month. The number of available datasets is increasing daily, due to the provision of campaign datasets by several projects. Every scientist is invited to browse the catalog, complete the online registration and use MISTRALS data. Feel free to contact mistrals-contact@sedoo.fr for any question.

  20. The MISTRALS programme data portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brissebrat, Guillaume; Albert-Aguilar, Alexandre; Belmahfoud, Nizar; Cloché, Sophie; Darras, Sabine; Descloitres, Jacques; Ferré, Hélène; Fleury, Laurence; Focsa, Loredana; Henriot, Nicolas; Labatut, Laurent; Petit de la Villéon, Loïc; Ramage, Karim; Schmechtig, Catherine; Vermeulen, Anne

    2016-04-01

    different file formats and data processing tools. The MISTRALS data portal - http://mistrals.sedoo.fr/ - has been designed and developed as a unified tool for sharing scientific data in spite of many sources of heterogeneity, and for fostering collaboration between research communities. The metadata (data description) are standardized and comply with international standards (ISO 19115-19139; INSPIRE European Directive; Global Change Master Directory Thesaurus). A search tool allows to browse the catalog by keyword or multicriteria selection (area, period, physical property...) and to access data. Data sets managed by different data centres (ICARE, IPSL, SEDOO, CORIOLIS) are available through interoperability protocols (OPeNDAP, xml requests...) or archive synchronisation. Every in situ data set is available in the native format, but the most commonly used data sets have been homogenized (property names, units, quality flags...) and inserted in a relational database, in order to enable accurate data selection, and download of different data sets in a shared format. At present the MISTRALS data portal enables to access about 600 datasets. It counts more than 675 registered users and about 100 data requests every month. The number of available datasets is increasing daily, due to the provision of campaign datasets by several projects. Every scientist is invited to browse the catalog, complete the online registration form and use MISTRALS data. Feel free to contact mistrals-contact@sedoo.fr for any question.

  1. Effect of Fluid Shear Stress on Portal Vein Remodeling in a Rat Model of Portal Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Wen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. To explore the effects and mechanisms of fluid shear stress on portal vein remodeling in a rat model of portal hypertension. Methods. Subcutaneous injections of CCl4 were given to establish a rat model of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Biomechanical technology was adopted to determine the dynamic changes of haemodynamic indices and fluid shear stress. Nitric oxide (NO, synthase (NOS, and endothelin-1 (ET-1 of the portal vein blood were measured. Changes in geometric structure and ultrastructure of the portal vein were observed using optical and electron microscopy. Results. After the CC14 injections, rat haemodynamics were notably altered. From week 4 onwards, PVP, PVF, and PVR gradually and significantly increased (P<0.05 versus baseline. The fluid shear stress declined from week 4 onwards (P<0.01 versus control group. NO, NOS, and ET-1 increased after repeated CCI4 injections. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed thickened portal vein walls, with increased inside and outside diameters. Electron microscopy revealed different degrees of endothelial cell degeneration, destruction of basement membrane integrity, proliferating, and hypertrophic smooth muscle cells. Conclusions. Fluid shear stress not only influenced the biomechanical environment of the portal vein but also participated in vascular remodeling.

  2. Nitroglycerine effects on portal vein mechanics and oxidative stress in portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andreja Vujanac; Vladimir Jakovljevic; Dusica Djordjevic; Vladimir Zivkovic; Mirjana Stojkovic; Dragan Celikovic; Nebojsa Andjelkovic; Aleksandra Jurisic Skevin; Dragan Djuric

    2012-01-01

    vein haemodynamics and oxidative stress in patients with portal hypertension. METHODS: Thirty healthy controls and 39 patients with clinically verified portal hypertension and increasedvascular resistance participated in the study. Liver diameters, portal diameters and portal flow velocities were recorded using color flow imaging/pulsed Doppler detection. Cross-section area, portal flow and index of vascular resistance were calculated. In collected blood samples, superoxide anion radical (O2 -), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), index of lipid peroxidation (measured as TBARS) and nitric oxide (NO) as a marker of endothelial response (measured as nitrite-NO2 -) were determined. Time-dependent analysis was performed at basal state and in 10th and 15th min after nitroglycerine (sublingual 0.5 mg) administration. RESULTS: Oxidative stress parameters changed significantly during the study. H2O2 decreased at the end of study, probably via O2 -mediated disassembling in Haber Weiss and Fenton reaction; O2 -increased significantly probably due to increased diameter and tension and decreased shear rate level. Consequently O2 -and H2O2 degradation products, like hydroxyl radical, initiated lipid peroxidation. Increased blood flow was to some extent lower in patients than in controls due to double paradoxes, flow velocity decreased, shear rate decreased significantly indicating non Newtonian characteristics of portal blood flow. CONCLUSION: This pilot study could be a starting point for further investigation and possible implementation of some antioxidants in the treatment of portal hypertension.

  3. Investigating the efficacy of subharmonic aided pressure estimation for portal vein pressures and portal hypertension monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dave, Jaydev K; Halldorsdottir, Valgerdur G; Eisenbrey, John R; Merton, Daniel A; Liu, Ji-Bin; Zhou, Jian-Hua; Wang, Hsin-Kai; Park, Suhyun; Dianis, Scott; Chalek, Carl L; Lin, Feng; Thomenius, Kai E; Brown, Daniel B; Forsberg, Flemming

    2012-10-01

    The efficacy of using subharmonic emissions from Sonazoid microbubbles (GE Healthcare, Oslo, Norway) to track portal vein pressures and pressure changes was investigated in 14 canines using either slow- or high-flow models of portal hypertension (PH). A modified Logiq 9 scanner (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA) operating in subharmonic mode (f(transmit): 2.5 MHz, f(receive): 1.25 MHz) was used to collect radiofrequency data at 10-40% incident acoustic power levels with 2-4 transmit cycles (in triplicate) before and after inducing PH. A pressure catheter (Millar Instruments, Inc., Houston, TX, USA) provided reference portal vein pressures. At optimum insonification, subharmonic signal amplitude changes correlated with portal vein pressure changes; r ranged from -0.82 to -0.94 and from -0.70 to -0.73 for PH models considered separately or together, respectively. The subharmonic signal amplitudes correlated with absolute portal vein pressures (r: -0.71 to -0.79). Statistically significant differences between subharmonic amplitudes, before and after inducing PH, were noted (p ≤ 0.01). Portal vein pressures estimated using subharmonic aided pressure estimation did not reveal significant differences (p > 0.05) with respect to the pressures obtained using the Millar pressure catheter. Subharmonic-aided pressure estimation may be useful clinically for portal vein pressure monitoring.

  4. Best Practices for Building Web Data Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. A.; Drew, L.

    2013-12-01

    With a data archive of more than 1.5 petabytes and a key role as the NASA Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data, the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) has an imperative to develop effective Web data portals. As part of continuous enhancement and expansion of its website, ASF recently created two data portals for distribution of SAR data: one for the archiving and distribution of NASA's MEaSUREs Wetlands project and one for newly digitally processed data from NASA's 1978 Seasat satellite. These case studies informed ASF's development of the following set of best practices for developing Web data portals. 1) Maintain well-organized, quality data. This is fundamental. If data are poorly organized or contain errors, credibility is lost and the data will not be used. 2) Match data to likely data uses. 3) Identify audiences in as much detail as possible. ASF DAAC's Seasat and Wetlands portals target three groups of users: a) scientists already familiar with ASF DAAC's SAR archive and our data download tool, Vertex; b) scientists not familiar with SAR or ASF, but who can use the data for their research of oceans, sea ice, volcanoes, land deformation and other Earth sciences; c) audiences wishing to learn more about SAR and its use in Earth sciences. 4) Identify the heaviest data uses and the terms scientists search for online when trying to find data for those uses. 5) Create search engine optimized (SEO) Web content that corresponds to those searches. Because search engines do not yet search raw data, so Web data portals must include content that ties the data to its likely uses. 6) Create Web designs that best serves data users (user centered design), not for how the organization views itself or its data. Usability testing was conducted for the ASF DAAC Wetlands portal to improve the user experience. 7) Use SEO tips and techniques. The ASF DAAC Seasat portal used numerous SEO techniques, including social media, blogging

  5. Enhancing Knowledge Sharing Between Educational Portals

    CERN Document Server

    Noguera, Maria Teresa

    2011-01-01

    Information and knowledge in exchange in public networks is a crucial challenge that needs to be overcome in order to consolidate the benefits associated with such structures. We study the impact of the nature of the information exchanged over the possibilities of success of this process, basing ourselves on the analysis of the information produced by the members of the Network of National Educational Portals. One of the main challenges that the Network of National Educational Portals faces consists in finding effective ways of sharing information that can promote knowledge transfer between members of the network. We argue that a key factor that prevents information sharing is the use of performance metrics by portal responsibles to evaluate the results of their decisions. These metrics are highly sensitive, context-dependent, and produced through non-standardized methods, all of which reduce the willingness of knowledge sharing. We present a different approach: based on the Network of National Educational Po...

  6. [Effect of dopamine on the portal pressure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benko, H; Peschl, L; Schüller, J; Neumayr, A

    1975-01-01

    1. An infusion of 3 gamma/kg/min dopamine causes a significant increase in the renal plasma flow and the glomerulum filtration rate. This dosage does not cause a change of the mean systolic and arterial pressure. This effect may also be observed in patients with hepatic cirrhosis. 2. The wedged hepatic vein pressure, an indicator for the portal pressure, only shows a slight increase (9,46 +/- 9,41%) as compared to the initial pressure produced by the mentioned dose. Measurements of the spleen pulpa pressure, which likewise indicates the portal pressure, showed an increase of pressure up to 100% due to pressing or coughing. 3. If in the case of bleeding oesophageal varices acute renal failure might develop, the advantage of the effect of dopamine in stimulating the blood flow through the kidneys may be considered more important than the minute danger of a slight increase of the portal pressure, which might provoke haemorrhage.

  7. Portal cavernoma cholangiopathy-clinical characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duseja, Ajay

    2014-02-01

    Because of the presence of portal cavernoma, paracholedochal and pericholedochal varices, portal cavernoma cholangiopathy (PCC) has become an entity unique to patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO). Majority of patients with these abnormalities are asymptomatic and are incidentally detected to have the presence of biliary abnormalities on cholangiography. Minority of patients present with symptoms of chronic cholestasis with or without biliary pain or acute cholangitis related most often to the presence of biliary strictures or stones. Other than the age of the patient and duration of EHPVO, presence of gall stones and common bile duct stones are other risk factors for the causation of symptoms in patients with PCC. This review summarizes the clinical characteristics of asymptomatic and symptomatic patients with PCC giving details of the prevalence of symptoms, their risk factors and overall burden of symptomatic PCC.

  8. Configuring Mobile Commerce Portals for Business Success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dholakia, Nikhilesh; Rask, Morten

    2004-01-01

    M-commerce entails transactions conducted via mobile telecommunications networks using communication, information, and payment devices such as mobile phones or palmtop units. Geographic positioning and location capabilities are also being added to such networks and devices. Rather than using gene...... the core concepts of personalization, permission, and content specification as they apply to e-commerce and m-commerce. The chapter presents a framework for developing effective business strategies for developing and managing mobile portals. http://www.morten-rask.dk/2003c.htm......-portals must attract and retain customers. Success in mobile portal markets will depend on dynamic strategies that blend elements of personalization, permission, and specification of content. This chapter reviews the key differences between traditional e-commerce and the emergent m-commerce. It reviews...

  9. The hospital library and the enterprise portal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandy, Margaret; Fosmire, Brenda

    2004-01-01

    At Exempla Healthcare, the medical librarians and the e-Business staff are creating an enterprise information portal where medical reference is targeted, easily accessible, and supported by the medical librarians. A team approach has been essential. The e-Business department has worked for nine months coordinating technical challenges required to support personalization, targeted communications, and a single access point for clinical patient data. Exempla medical librarians have been involved in the definition and design of information access needs from the very beginning. The Clinicians Portal was the first developed, with other customizations to follow. Many challenges remain, but by definition, a portal is designed to be flexible and adapt to the changing needs of the enterprise it supports.

  10. Web Portal Analysis of Asian Region Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subhash Chander

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The number of online services provided by Government and private sectors is increasing these days. On the same pattern various countries have their own portals to provide basic services to the citizens and other people of the world. Analysis of portals in Asia is the main theme of the paper. There are various indicators or attributes necessary for the implementation of e-services .Some of the indicators may be frequency of use of services, number of users, visitors, site hits, searchable option, accessibility, language option, performance, functionality, broken links, traffic analysis, and feedback. Out of these metrics taken into consideration here are Traffic analysis, feedback, accessibility, security and language option. The countries taken into consideration are India, China and Pakistan. Web portals of these countries will be analyzed in detail.

  11. Clinical characteristics of idiopathic portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ozgur Harmanci; Yusuf Bayraktar

    2007-01-01

    Idiopathic portal hypertension is one of the interesting causes of portal hypertension. Even in very developed medical centers, this disorder is still one of the most important misdiagnoses of clinical practice. To inexperienced physicians, presenting esophageal varices and upper gastrointestinal bleeding usually prompt an unfortunate diagnosis of cirrhosis. A heterogenous clinical presentation and progression of this disorder should be recognized by physicians, and management should be directed towards some specific problems confined to this disorder. Although a genetic basis and other factors are implicated in its pathogenesis, exact underlying mechanism(s) is (are) unknown. In this review, we discuss the heterogeneity of idiopathic portal hypertension, its etiopathogenesis, clinical presentation and management issues. With the expectation of an excellent prognosis, a practicing gastroenterologist should be aware that "not all varices mean cirrhosis".

  12. The CeDRES data portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert-Aguilar, Alexandre; Delmotte, Pauline; André, François; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Canonici, Jean-Christophe; Piguet, Bruno

    2016-04-01

    SAFIRE is the French facility dedicated to airborne measurement for environmental research. The SAFIRE steering committee decided that access to its archives should be improved. If certain data, including recent campaigns, are available online, access to them is difficult for users because these data are dispersed in as many data portals as campaigns. Most of projects are not able to keep medium to long term online access to their database. Therefore, many airborne data, particularly the oldest, are not available online, stored on media whose sustainability is not guaranteed. SAFIRE also decided to identify old data stored in Meudon (France) on paper and hard media and to rescue with the help of an archivist. At the same time, the development of a centralized digital archive - containing data collected with the Fokker - 27 " ARAT " and Merlin IV aircraft - associated to a web portal was given to SEDOO. The first part of the project consisted in modelling the database. The second part, still in progess, was the development of the CeDRES (Centre de Données aéRoportées & SAFIRE) portal (http://cedres.sedoo.fr) which is responsive and bilingual (French and English) ; and metadata standardization (iso 19115). The main objectives of this project are data preservation and open data access. A first test version of CeDRES portal will be release in mid-February 2016. And operational version is planned for summer 2016. In the future, CeDRES portal will be able to receive and to distribute metadata and data of aircraft currently in service (FALCON-20, ATR-42 and PiperAztec-23). The interoperability implementation and data homogenization are planned in the medium term. The CeDRES portal is part of the French atmospheric chemistry data center AERIS (http://www.aeris-data.fr). Every scientist is invited to browse the catalog and use CEDRES data. Feel free to contact cedres-contact@sedoo.fr for any question.

  13. Download - CREATE portal | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available search and download 1 README README_e.html - 2 InGaP create_portal_ingap.zip (57....6 KB) Simple search and download 3 InCeP create_portal_incep.zip (1 KB) Simple search and download 4 InCeP images create..._portal_images.zip (13.4 MB) - 5 KeyMolnet data create_portal_keymolnet.zip (7.1 MB) - 6 Mascot search results create

  14. A platform for the development of Semantic Web portals

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    A Semantic Web portal is a Web application that offers information and services related to a specific domain, and that has been developed with Semantic Web technology. For the time being, the main difference with respect to a traditional Web portal is based on technological aspects: traditional Web portals are based on standard Web technology (HTML, XML, servlets, JSPs, etc.); semantic portals are based on that technology plus the use of Semantic Web languages like RDF, R...

  15. Indications for portal pressure measurement in chronic liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hobolth, Lise; Bendtsen, Flemming; Møller, Søren

    2012-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to development of serious complications such as esophageal varices, ascites, renal and cardiovascular dysfunction. The importance of the degree of portal hypertension has been substantiated within recent years. Measurement of the portal pressure is simple and safe...... of HVPG should therefore be considered as a part of the general characterization of patients with portal hypertension in departments assessing and treating this condition....

  16. Asymptomatic extrahepatic portal obstruction without portal hypertensive findings detected in ultrasonic mass screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koda, M; Ikawa, S; Kobayashi, J; Murawaki, Y; Horie, Y; Suou, T; Kawasaki, H; Miyoshi, Y

    1995-01-01

    We report three adult cases of extrahepatic portal obstruction (EHPO) detected by ultrasonic (US) mass screening. All these cases were asymptomatic with no abnormalities on hematological or biochemical tests. Only indocynanine green clearance test revealed a slight abnormality. By imaging modalities, the portal trunk could not be visualized and cavernous transformation could be visualized. There were no findings of portal hypertension, such as splenomegaly, esophageal varices and hepatofugal collaterals, in any of these cases. As many EHPOs without symptoms can be detected on US mass survey, US is considered to be the best modality for screening for this disease.

  17. Considerations Regarding the Agile Development of Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Muntean

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting with methodologies, methods and techniques used generally in the development of information systems, a personal approach regarding quick development of portals has been introduced. After a strict theoretical foundation the proposal has been applied within a real collaborative knowledge portal development project. We consider the proposed agile development approach (based on the prototype technique enriched with MDA valences suitable to all kind of information systems. The agile development framework establishes the life-cycle phases of product development taking into account the desired functionalities.

  18. Framework Development Supporting the Safety Portal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prescott, Steven Ralph [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Kvarfordt, Kellie Jean [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Vang, Leng [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Smith, Curtis Lee [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-07-01

    In a collaborating scientific research arena it is important to have an environment where analysts have access to a shared repository of information, documents, and software tools, and be able to accurately maintain and track historical changes in models. The new Safety Portal cloud-based environment will be accessible remotely from anywhere regardless of computing platforms given that the platform has available Internet access and proper browser capabilities. Information stored at this environment would be restricted based on user assigned credentials. This report discusses current development of a cloud-based web portal for PRA tools.

  19. R2 Water Quality Portal Monitoring Stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Water Quality Data Portal (WQP) provides an easy way to access data stored in various large water quality databases. The WQP provides various input parameters on the form including location, site, sampling, and date parameters to filter and customize the returned results. The The Water Quality Portal (WQP) is a cooperative service sponsored by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Water Quality Monitoring Council (NWQMC) that integrates publicly available water quality data from the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) the EPA STOrage and RETrieval (STORET) Data Warehouse, and the USDA ARS Sustaining The Earth??s Watersheds - Agricultural Research Database System (STEWARDS).

  20. Portal vein thrombosis in patients with cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Köckritz, Leona; De Gottardi, Andrea; Trebicka, Jonel

    2017-01-01

    Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is frequent in patients with liver cirrhosis and possible severe complications such as mesenteric ischemia are rare, but can be life-threatening. However, different aspects of clinical relevance, diagnosis and management of PVT are still areas of uncertainty and inves......Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is frequent in patients with liver cirrhosis and possible severe complications such as mesenteric ischemia are rare, but can be life-threatening. However, different aspects of clinical relevance, diagnosis and management of PVT are still areas of uncertainty...

  1. Intelligent Emergency Response System for Police Vehicles in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ganeshan, Ishan; Memon, Nasrullah

    2015-01-01

    . Based on this crime mapping, the administrator assigns patrol schedules for different police vehicles throughout the day. The proposed system would make it very easy for people to call for the help, and the police authorities to know the locations of the callers and identify crime hot spots...... time by the police vehicles. In the proposed system, the administrator can view the performance of all the police vehicles at any time through a web portal. The system used traditional data mining algorithms in order to analyze crimes in different areas of a city and at different times of the day...

  2. HYPER-LISTS APPLYING TO WEB-PORTAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Bessmertny

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the authors’ experience in hyper-lists technique applying of the MS SharePoint framework to a corporate web portal development. The key issue of the proposed approach is storage in hyper-lists not just the content of the web portal but also the configuration data. This significantly simplifies the maintenance of the web portal.

  3. User Needs of Digital Service Web Portals: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Misook; Song, Jung-Sook; Seol, Moon-Won

    2013-01-01

    The authors examined the needs of digital information service web portal users. More specifically, the needs of Korean cultural portal users were examined as a case study. The conceptual framework of a web-based portal is that it is a complex, web-based service application with characteristics of information systems and service agents. In…

  4. Velocity Estimation of the Main Portal Vein with Transverse Oscillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Andreas Hjelm; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluates if Transverse Oscillation (TO) can provide reliable and accurate peak velocity estimates of blood flow the main portal vein. TO was evaluated against the recommended and most widely used technique for portal flow estimation, Spectral Doppler Ultrasound (SDU). The main portal...

  5. Centralized content portals: Itunes and the publishing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leendertse, P.M.; Pennings, L.J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses new questions around media performance as a result of the rise of centralized content portals such as iTunes or MySpace. We first describe the rise of centralized content portals in different media industries, and discuss how these portals are creating a dominant position for th

  6. Centralized content portals: Itunes and the publishing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leendertse, P.M.; Pennings, L.J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper addresses new questions around media performance as a result of the rise of centralized content portals such as iTunes or MySpace. We first describe the rise of centralized content portals in different media industries, and discuss how these portals are creating a dominant position for

  7. Portal vene-embolisering før leverkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Erik; Mahdi, Bassam; Nielsen, Henning Overgaard

    2013-01-01

    Portal vein embolization is performed with the intention to occlude the portal veins to liver segments with malignancies and direct the portal flow to the healthy part (usually the left lobe) of the liver. Thus, hyperperfusion through the non-embolized part of the liver will create hyperplasia...

  8. Portal vene-embolisering før leverkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Erik; Mahdi, Bassam; Nielsen, Henning Overgaard

    2013-01-01

    Portal vein embolization is performed with the intention to occlude the portal veins to liver segments with malignancies and direct the portal flow to the healthy part (usually the left lobe) of the liver. Thus, hyperperfusion through the non-embolized part of the liver will create hyperplasia...

  9. Velocity Estimation of the Main Portal Vein with Transverse Oscillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Andreas Hjelm; Hansen, Kristoffer Lindskov; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann;

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluates if Transverse Oscillation (TO) can provide reliable and accurate peak velocity estimates of blood flow the main portal vein. TO was evaluated against the recommended and most widely used technique for portal flow estimation, Spectral Doppler Ultrasound (SDU). The main portal ...

  10. Abandoned vehicles

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2004-01-01

    The services in charge of managing the CERN site have recently noted an increase in the number of abandoned vehicles. This poses a risk from the point of view of safety and security and, on the eve of several important events in honour of CERN's fiftieth anniversary, is detrimental to the Organization's image. Owners of vehicles that have been left immobile for some time on the CERN site, including on the external car park by the flags, are therefore invited to contact the Reception and Access Control Service (service-parking-longterm@cern.ch) before 1st October 2004 and, where appropriate, move their vehicle to a designated long-term parking area. After this date, any vehicle whose owner has failed to respond to this request and which is without a number plate, has been stationary for several weeks or is out of service, may be impounded at the owner's risk and expense. Relations with the Host States Service Tel. 72848

  11. National accessibility portal: an accessible information sharing portal for the South African disability sector

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Coetzee, L

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The National Accessibility Portal initiative is a large initiative aimed at improving the quality of life of people living with disabilities in South Africa. The initiative has several functional components, including the National Accessibility...

  12. Novel Rat Model of Repetitive Portal Venous Embolization Mimicking Human Non-Cirrhotic Idiopathic Portal Hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, Sabine; Hinüber, Christian; Hittatiya, Kanishka

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Non-cirrhotic idiopathic portal hypertension (NCIPH) is characterized by splenomegaly, anemia and portal hypertension, while liver function is preserved. However, no animal models have been established yet. This study assessed a rat model of NCIPH and characterized the hemodynamics......, and compared it to human NCIPH. METHODS: Portal pressure (PP) was measured invasively and coloured microspheres were injected in the ileocecal vein in rats. This procedure was performed weekly for 3 weeks (weekly embolization). Rats without and with single embolization served as controls. After four weeks (one...... in the weekly embolization group. Fibrotic markers αSMA and Desmin were upregulated in weekly embolized rats. DISCUSSION: This study establishes a model using repetitive embolization via portal veins, comparable with human NCIPH and may serve to test new therapies....

  13. Portale hypertensie : een experimenteel model met dimethylnitrosamine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O.T. Terpstra (Onno)

    1979-01-01

    textabstractDe behandeling van patiënten met een bloeding uit slokdarmvarices ten gevolge van portale hypertensie levert nog steeds geen bevredigende resultaten op (Sherlock 1978). Operaties die de druk in de vena portae verlagen, zoals een portocavale shunt, zijn effectief wanneer het er om gaat ee

  14. UNICUM: a portal to Dutch academic heritage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reerink, H.

    2012-01-01

    The UNICUM development project, commissioned by the Academic Heritage Foundation (SAE), is being carried out by the five classic Dutch universities in 2010-11. UNICUM, short for ‘University Collections and University Museums’, has received a national government grant to create a digital portal to Du

  15. Measuring Problem Solving Skills in "Portal 2"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shute, Valerie J.; Wang, Lubin

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines possible improvement to problem solving skills as a function of playing the video game "Portal 2." Stealth assessment is used in the game to evaluate students' problem solving abilities--specifically basic and flexible rule application. The stealth assessment measures will be validated against commonly accepted…

  16. Collaboration Portals for NASA's Airborne Field Campaigns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conover, Helen; Kulkami, Ajinkya; Garrett, Michele; Goodman, Michael; Peterson, Walter Arthur; Drewry, Marilyn; Hardin, Danny M.; He, Matt

    2011-01-01

    The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), in collaboration with the Global Hydrology Resource Center, a NASA Earth Science Data Center, has provided information management for a number of NASA Airborne Field campaigns, both hurricane science investigations and satellite instrument validation. Effective field campaign management requires communication and coordination tools, including utilities for personnel to upload and share flight plans, weather forecasts, a variety of mission reports, preliminary science data, and personal photos. Beginning with the Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) hurricane field campaign in 2010, we have provided these capabilities via a Drupal-based collaboration portal. This portal was reused and modified for the Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E), part of the Global Precipitation Measurement mission ground validation program. An end goal of these development efforts is the creation of a Drupal profile for field campaign management. This presentation will discuss experiences with Drupal in developing and using these collaboration portals. Topics will include Drupal modules used, advantages and disadvantages of working with Drupal in this context, and how the science teams used the portals in comparison with other communication and collaboration tools.

  17. Dark matter and the neutrino portal paradigm

    CERN Document Server

    González-Macías, Vannia; Wudka, José

    2016-01-01

    A simple extension of the Standard Model (SM) that provides an explicit realization of the dark-matter (DM) neutrino-portal paradigm is presented. The leading interactions between the dark sector, containing scalars and relic fermions, and the SM involve neutrinos. This model meets all observational constraints.

  18. Intercomprehension: A Portal to Teachers' Intercultural Sensitivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinho, Ana Sofia

    2015-01-01

    The development of opportunities for teachers' professional development in plurilingual and intercultural education is a key issue in language teacher education and "intercomprehension" (IC) can provide a potential portal for the development of teachers' intercultural sensitivity. Particularly relevant to this is the creation of powerful…

  19. Airport testing an explosives detection portal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhykerd, C.; Linker, K.; Hannum, D.; Bouchier, F.; Parmeter, J.

    1998-08-01

    At the direction of the US Congress, following the Pan Am 103 and TWA 800 crashes, the Federal Aviation Administration funded development of non-invasive techniques to screen airline passengers for explosives. Such an explosives detection portal, developed at Sandia National Laboratories, was field tested at the Albuquerque International airport in September 1997. During the 2-week field trial, 2,400 passengers were screened and 500 surveyed. Throughput, reliability, maintenance and sensitivity were studied. Follow-up testing at Sandia and at Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory was conducted. A passenger stands in the portal for five seconds while overhead fans blow air over his body. Any explosive vapors or dislodged particles are collected in vents at the feet. Explosives are removed from the air in a preconcentrator and subsequently directed into an ion mobility spectrometer for detection. Throughput measured 300 passengers per hour. The non-invasive portal can detect subfingerprint levels of explosives residue on clothing. A survey of 500 passengers showed a 97% approval rating, with 99% stating that such portals, if effective, should be installed in airports to improve security. Results of the airport test, as well as operational issues, are discussed.

  20. Internet portals as portfolios of entry options

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perotti, E.C.; Rossetto, S.

    2000-01-01

    We investigate the valuation of platform investment, such as a software operating system or an Internet portal WebPage. Platform investment is the creation of an innovative distribution and production infrastructure, which increases access to customers; as a result it reduces entry costs in related

  1. Internet portals as portfolios of entry options

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perotti, E.C.; Rossetto, S.

    2000-01-01

    We investigate the valuation of platform investment, such as a software operating system or an Internet portal WebPage. Platform investment is the creation of an innovative distribution and production infrastructure, which increases access to customers; as a result it reduces entry costs in related

  2. Extrahepatic complications to cirrhosis and portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Henriksen, Jens H; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2014-01-01

    In addition to complications relating to the liver, patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension develop extrahepatic functional disturbances of multiple organ systems. This can be considered a multiple organ failure that involves the heart, lungs, kidneys, the immune systems, and other organ...

  3. Treatment of ectopic varices with portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Ectopic varices are unusual with portal hypertension andcan involve any site along the digestive tract outsidethe gastroesophageal region. Hemorrhage from ectopicvarices generally are massive and life threatening.Diagnosis of ectopic varices is difficult and subsequenttreatment is also difficult; the optimal treatment hasnot been established. Recently, interventional radiologyand endoscopic treatments have been carried outsuccessfully for hemorrhage from ectopic varices.

  4. Synteny Portal: a web-based application portal for synteny block analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jongin; Hong, Woon-Young; Cho, Minah; Sim, Mikang; Lee, Daehwan; Ko, Younhee; Kim, Jaebum

    2016-07-01

    Recent advances in next-generation sequencing technologies and genome assembly algorithms have enabled the accumulation of a huge volume of genome sequences from various species. This has provided new opportunities for large-scale comparative genomics studies. Identifying and utilizing synteny blocks, which are genomic regions conserved among multiple species, is key to understanding genomic architecture and the evolutionary history of genomes. However, the construction and visualization of such synteny blocks from multiple species are very challenging, especially for biologists with a lack of computational skills. Here, we present Synteny Portal, a versatile web-based application portal for constructing, visualizing and browsing synteny blocks. With Synteny Portal, users can easily (i) construct synteny blocks among multiple species by using prebuilt alignments in the UCSC genome browser database, (ii) visualize and download syntenic relationships as high-quality images, (iii) browse synteny blocks with genetic information and (iv) download the details of synteny blocks to be used as input for downstream synteny-based analyses, all in an intuitive and easy-to-use web-based interface. We believe that Synteny Portal will serve as a highly valuable tool that will enable biologists to easily perform comparative genomics studies by compensating limitations of existing tools. Synteny Portal is freely available at http://bioinfo.konkuk.ac.kr/synteny_portal.

  5. Hermes vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cretenet, J. C.

    1985-11-01

    The presence of Europe in the future developments of spatial programs, which are foreseen, for the 1990s and further, needs the availability of vehicles, modules and all related technologies adapted to operational use of low earth orbit station. The manned HERMES vehicle shall be part of the in-orbit infrastructure realized either in the European context or in cooperation between Europe and the United States. The main mission for this vehicle will be to run a shuttle with the station that means transport and change of the crews, its safe return in abort condition and cargo transport of consumable and experimental equipment. Secondary missions could be servicing on automatic platform, making autonomous scientific experiments. Lastly, the vehicle, by means of its on-board propulsion capability, could be used to accomplish in-orbit tow and assembly missions. Studies which are undertaken now about the vehicle are devoted to the aerodynamic shape (research of a compromise between aerothermic and overall fitting), the system (functional architecture, ground and flight configuration); further works dealing with technology are presently on hand in the field of thermal protection, aerodynamics, power generation with a high massic yield.

  6. Portal vein arterialization increases hepatocellular apoptosis and inhibits liver regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schleimer, Karina; Stippel, Dirk L; Kasper, Hans U; Prenzel, Klaus; Gaudig, Cindy; Tawadros, Samir; Hoelscher, Arnulf H; Beckurts, K Tobias E

    2008-10-01

    Portal vein arterialization is performed in particular situations to guarantee sufficient blood flow in the portal vein. In addition, some authors have postulated a proliferation-promoting influence of portal vein arterialization on the liver tissue. However, portal vein arterialization is an unphysiological procedure: It increases portal blood flow and blood pressure as well as oxygenation of the liver tissue. On the other hand, it reduces the influx of hepatotrophic factors from the portal venous blood. The aim of these experiments was to investigate apoptosis and proliferation of hepatocytes during various conditions of the portal perfusion. After 70% liver resection in Lewis rats, the following four experimental groups were formed differing in portal perfusion: (I) hyperperfused, nonarterialized; (II) flow-regulated, nonarterialized; (III) hyperperfused, arterialized; (IV) flow-regulated, arterialized. A warm ischemia of 30 min was kept in all groups. Portal vein arterialization of 70% reduced rat livers significantly reduced liver regeneration as shown by a significant reduction in liver weight, body weight, and liver function after 6 wk, in contrast to the group with 70% liver mass reduction and portal venous inflow of the portal vein. Furthermore, we found a significantly elevated number of apoptotic hepatocytes after portal vein arterialization. These results were independent from blood flow regulation of the arterialized portal vein, which caused no improvement of the results. Portal vein arterialization should be performed only temporarily and is clinically not recommended as a permanent option, because of the increased hepatocellular apoptosis and the very distinctive, negative long-term effects on liver weight.

  7. Role of acute elevation of portal venous pressure by exogenous glucagon on gastric mucosal injury in rats with portal hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsui, C P; Sung, Joseph J Y; Leung, Felix W

    2003-07-18

    Time-course studies revealed the increased susceptibility of the gastric mucosa to noxious injury in portal hypertension correlates with the level of elevated portal venous pressure and hyperglucagonemia. Whether acute elevation of portal venous pressure by exogenous glucagon aggravates such injury is not known. We tested the hypothesis that glucagon in a dose sufficient to acutely elevate portal venous pressure aggravates noxious injury of the gastric mucosa in rats with portal hypertension. Infusion of a portal hypotensive dose of somatostatin should reverse these changes. In anesthetized rats with portal vein ligation, glucagon, somatostatin or the combination was administered intravenously in a randomized, coded fashion. Acidified ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury was determined. Portal venous pressure and gastric mucosal perfusion and oxygenation (reflectance spectrophotometry) were monitored to confirm the effects of the respective intravenous treatments. Exogenous glucagon exacerbated acidified ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury. The exacerbation was attenuated by somatostatin. These changes paralleled the portal hypertensive and hypotensive effects of glucagon and somatostatin, respectively. Our data suggest that a unique mechanism is triggered with the onset of portal hypertension. In an antagonistic manner, glucagon and somatostatin modulate this novel mechanism that controls portal venous pressure and susceptibility of the gastric mucosa to noxious injury.

  8. electric vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. R. Lee

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A major problem facing battery-powered electric vehicles is in their batteries: weight and charge capacity. Thus, a battery-powered electric vehicle only has a short driving range. To travel for a longer distance, the batteries are required to be recharged frequently. In this paper, we construct a model for a battery-powered electric vehicle, in which driving strategy is to be obtained such that the total travelling time between two locations is minimized. The problem is formulated as an optimization problem with switching times and speed as decision variables. This is an unconventional optimization problem. However, by using the control parametrization enhancing technique (CPET, it is shown that this unconventional optimization is equivalent to a conventional optimal parameter selection problem. Numerical examples are solved using the proposed method.

  9. Hybrid vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    West, J.G.W. [Electrical Machines (United Kingdom)

    1997-07-01

    The reasons for adopting hybrid vehicles result mainly from the lack of adequate range from electric vehicles at an acceptable cost. Hybrids can offer significant improvements in emissions and fuel economy. Series and parallel hybrids are compared. A combination of series and parallel operation would be the ideal. This can be obtained using a planetary gearbox as a power split device allowing a small generator to transfer power to the propulsion motor giving the effect of a CVT. It allows the engine to run at semi-constant speed giving better fuel economy and reduced emissions. Hybrid car developments are described that show the wide range of possible hybrid systems. (author)

  10. DES Science Portal: Computing Photometric Redshifts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gschwend, Julia [LIneA, Rio de Janeiro

    2016-01-01

    An important challenge facing photometric surveys for cosmological purposes, such as the Dark Energy Survey (DES), is the need to produce reliable photometric redshifts (photo-z). The choice of adequate algorithms and configurations and the maintenance of an up-to-date spectroscopic database to build training sets, for example, are challenging tasks when dealing with large amounts of data that are regularly updated and constantly growing. In this paper, we present the first of a series of tools developed by DES, provided as part of the DES Science Portal, an integrated web-based data portal developed to facilitate the scientific analysis of the data, while ensuring the reproducibility of the analysis. We present the DES Science Portal photometric redshift tools, starting from the creation of a spectroscopic sample to training the neural network photo-z codes, to the final estimation of photo-zs for a large photometric catalog. We illustrate this operation by calculating well calibrated photo-zs for a galaxy sample extracted from the DES first year (Y1A1) data. The series of processes mentioned above is run entirely within the Portal environment, which automatically produces validation metrics, and maintains the provenance between the different steps. This system allows us to fine tune the many steps involved in the process of calculating photo-zs, making sure that we do not lose the information on the configurations and inputs of the previous processes. By matching the DES Y1A1 photometry to a spectroscopic sample, we define different training sets that we use to feed the photo-z algorithms already installed at the Portal. Finally, we validate the results under several conditions, including the case of a sample limited to i<22.5 with the color properties close to the full DES Y1A1 photometric data. This way we compare the performance of multiple methods and training configurations. The infrastructure presented here is an effcient way to test several methods of

  11. Effect of propranolol on portal vein pressure in patients with chronic liver disease: evaluation by perrectal portal scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rho, Young Ho; Han, Shin; Kim, Hak Su [National Police Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [and others

    1999-08-01

    Propranolol is known to decrease portal pressure by reducing blood flow of portal vein. Per-rectal portal scintigraphy with Tc-99m pertechnetate has been introduced to evaluate the portal circulation and early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. We evaluated the effects of propranolol on portal circulation by using per-rectal portal scintigraphy. We analyzed the portal hemodynamics by per-rectal portal scintigraphy in 51 patients with liver cirrhosis, 10 chronic hepatitis and 10 normal subjects. 38 patients with cirrhosis underwent per-rectal portal scintigraphy before and after propranolol medication. Per-rectal portal scintigraphy was performed after per-rectal administration of 370 MBq of Tc-99m pertechnetate. The shunt index was calculated as the ratio, expressed as a percentage of heart radioactivity to the sum of heart and liver radioactivity during the first 30 seconds. The shunt index in 40 patients with cirrhosis (59.8{+-}27.2%) was significantly higher than that of normal control (5.0{+-}1.2%, p<0.01) and chronic hepatitis (11.4{+-}3.5%, p<0.01). Shunt index was significantly different according to Child's classification and the degree of esophgageal varix (p<0.01). After propranolol medication, shunt index was significantly decreased from 59.9{+-}27.3% to 51.3{+-}15.3% (p<0.01) in 38 patients with liver cirrhosis. There was no significant difference of the amount of shunt index reduction after propranolol according to Child's classification and the degree of esophageal varix. The effect of propranolol on portal circulation was demonstrated as decreasing shunt index on per-rectal portal scintigraphy in patients with liver cirrhosis. Per-rectal portal scintigraphy may be useful to evaluate the portal circulation and to predict the effect of propranolol in patients with liver cirrhosis.

  12. Electric-Drive Vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Septon, Kendall K [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-09-11

    Electric-drive vehicles use electricity as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. These vehicles can be divided into three categories: Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), All-electric vehicles (EVs). Together, PHEVs and EVs can also be referred to as plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs).

  13. Patient web portals, disease management, and primary prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coughlin, Steven S; Prochaska, Judith J; Williams, Lovoria B; Besenyi, Gina M; Heboyan, Vahé; Goggans, D Stephen; Yoo, Wonsuk; De Leo, Gianluca

    2017-01-01

    Efforts aimed at health care reform and continued advances in information technologies have prompted interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals. Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer the patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews important developments in web portals for primary and secondary disease prevention, including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records, disease-specific portals, health disparities, and health-related community web portals. Although findings have not been uniformly positive, several studies of the effectiveness of health care system patient portals in chronic disease management have shown promising results with regard to patient outcomes. Patient web portals have also shown promising results in increasing adherence with screening recommendations. Racial and ethnic minorities, younger persons, and patients who are less educated or have lower health literacy have been found to be less likely to use patient portals. Additional studies are needed of the utility and effectiveness of different elements of web portals for different patient populations. This should include additional diseases and health topics such as smoking cessation and weight management.

  14. Computed tomographic evaluation of the portal vein in the hepatomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Kee Hyung; Lee, Seung Chul; Bae, Man Gil; Seo, Heung Suk; Kim, Soon Yong; Lee, Min Ho; Kee, Choon Suhk; Park, Kyung Nam [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1986-10-15

    Computed tomography and pornographic findings of 63 patients with hepatoma, undergone hepatic angiography and superior mesenteric pornography for evaluation of tumor and thrombosis of portal vein and determination of indication of transcatheter arterial embolization for palliative treatment of hepatoma from April, 85 to June, 86 in Hanyang university hospital, were reviewed. The results were as follows: 1. In 36 cases, portal vein thrombosis was detected during photography. Nineteen of 37 cases which revealed localized hepatoma in the right lobe of the liver showed portal vein thrombosis; 9 of 11 cases of the left lobe; 8 of 14 cases which were involved in entire liver revealed thrombosis. One case localized in the caudate lobe showed no evidence of invasion to portal vein. 2. Twenty-four of 34 cases with diffuse infiltrative hepatoma revealed portal vein thrombosis and the incidence of portal vein thrombosis in this type were higher than in the cases of the nodular type. 3. The portal vein thrombosis appeared as filling defects of low density in the lumen of the portal veins in CT and they did not reveal contrast enhancement. 4. CT revealed well the evidence of obstructions in the cases of portal vein thrombosis and the findings were well-corresponded to the findings of the superior mesenteric photography. 5. Five of the cases of the portal vein thrombosis were missed in the CT and the causes were considered as due to partial volume effect of enhanced portal vein with partial occlusion or arterioportal shunts. 6. Six of 13 cases with occlusion of main portal vein showed cavernous transformation and they were noted as multiple small enhanced vascularities around the porta hepatis in the CT. According to the results, we conclude that CT is a useful modality to detect the changes of the portal veins in the patients of the hepatoma.

  15. A PULSATION-TYPE PORTAL PUMP IN THE TREATMENT OF THE PORTAL HYPERTENTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Objective:In order to solve the problem of the decreased protal inflow,decreased metabolic function and dangerous varicosity in portal hypertension,a pulastion-type portal pump was prepared and used in the treatment experiment of canine model for portal hypertension,which was made by thread embolization in the portal vein.Methods:Tow threads which were injected into the two branches of the portal vein would lead to portal hypertension after 2 weeks.A pulsation-type portal pump was made of a si8lica rubber balloon and a T-shaped silica rubber tube.At the 2 tips of the T-shaped tube,two valves allowed the blood to flow in one direction.Two plates on both side of the balloon made the balloon pulsate constantly.One plate made of stainless steel was fixed on one side of the balloon while the other made of a piece of strong magnetic stell were fixed on the other side.The power was supplied by a low frequency alternating magnetic field that was placed outside the adbomen,The T-shaped tip of the pump was then placed into the portal vein at the point above the major collateral branches,The blood pressure and flow of the portal system and the liver metabolic functions were measured .Results:After pump working,the portal blood pressure above the pump increased from (2.969±0.412)kPa to(4.802±0.696)kPa,whereas the portal pressure below the pump decreased from(3.077±0.301)kPa to(1.764±0.421)kPa,and the blood inflow of the liver increased from(0.270±0.028)L.min-1to(0.396±0.025)L.min-1.The pressure of the splenic vein decreased from(3.548±0.392)kPa to(2.009±0.333)kPa and the pressure of the gastric fundal vein decreased from(3.459±0.323)kPa to(1.891±0.461)kPa.The ICGK increased from(0.092±0.009)to(0.151±0.013)while the ICGR15 decreased form 19.03±8.50to 9.04±2.50,Conclusion:The pulsation-type portal pump signiicantly increased the blood inflow and the metabolic function of the liver,and decreased the blood pressure of the portal spsytem.The design of the pump

  16. A PULSATION-TYPE PORTAL PUMP IN THE TREATMENT OF THE PORTAL HYPERTENTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹罡; 刘清峰; 刘效恭

    2002-01-01

    Objective In order to solve the problem of the de creased portal inflow, decreased metabolic function and dangerous varicosity in portal hypertension, a pulsation-type portal pump was prepared and used in the treatment experiment of canine model for portal hypertension, which was made by thread embolization in the portal vein. Methods Tow threads which were injected into the two branches of the portal vein would lead to portal hypertension after 2 weeks. A pulsation -type portal pump was made of a silica rubber balloon and a T-shaped silica ru bber tube. At the 2 tips of the T-shaped tube, two valves allowed the blood to flow in one direction. Two plates on both side of the balloon made the balloon p ulsate constantly. One plate made of stainless steel was fixed on one side of th e balloon while the other made of a piece of strong magnetic steel were fixed on the other side. The power was supplied by a low frequency alternating magnetic field that was placed outside the abdomen. The T-shaped tip of the pump was the n placed into the portal vein at the point above the major collateral branches. The blood pressure and flow of the portal system and the liver metabolic functio ns were measured. Results After pump working, the portal blood pressure above th e pump increased from (2.969±0.412)kPa to (4.802±0.696)kPa, whereas the po rtal pressure below the pump decreased from (3.077±0.301)kPa to (1.76 4±0.421)kPa,and the blood inflow of the liver increased from (0.270± 0.028)L*min-1 to (0.396±0.025) L*min-1. The pressure of the s plenic vein decreased from (3.548±0.392)kPa to (2.009±0.333)kP a and the pressure of the gastric fundal vein decreased from (3.459±0.323 )kPa to (1.891±0.461)kPa. The ICGK increased from (0.092±0.009 ) to (0.151±0.013) while the ICGR15 decreased from 19.03 ±8.50 to 9.04±2.50.Conclusion The pulsation-type portal pump significantly incre ased the blood inflow and the metabolic function of the liver, and decreased the blood pressure of

  17. Duodenal polyposis secondary to portal hypertensive duodenopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ananta; Gurung; Philip; E; Jaffe; Xuchen; Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Portal hypertensive duodenopathy(PHD) is a recognized, but uncommon finding of portal hypertension in cirrhotic patients. Lesions associated with PHD include erythema, erosions, ulcers, telangiectasia, exaggerated villous pattern and duodenal varices. However, duodenal polyposis as a manifestation of PHD is rare. We report a case of a 52-year-old man who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and was found with multiple small duodenal polyps ranging in size from 1-8 mm. Biopsy of the representative polyps revealed polypoid fragments of duodenal mucosa with villiform hyperplasia lined by reactive duodenal/gastric foveolar epithelium and underlying lamina propria showed proliferating ectatic and congested capillaries. The features were diagnostic of polyps arising in the setting of PHD.

  18. Does Helicobacter pylori affect portal hypertensive gastropathy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Mofleh Ibrahim

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori is a major etiological factor of peptic ulcer disease (PUD. It is supposed to be a risk factor for the more frequently encountered PUD in patients with liver cirrhosis. Several investigators have evaluated the effect of H. pylori on liver cirrhosis, portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG and encephalopathy with controversial results. Some reports have shown a higher seroprevalence and suggested a synergistic effect of H. pylori on liver cirrhosis and PHG. However, this increased prevalence is associated with a negative histology and is not influenced by the cause of cirrhosis, PHG, Child class or gender. Most studies have not found any correlation between H. pylori and PHG. In contrast, other studies have reported a markedly lower prevalence of H. pylori in cirrhotics with duodenal ulcer compared to controls. The aim of this article is to review the relationship between H. pylori infection and portal hypertensive gastropathy and the role of H. pylori eradication in cirrhotic patients.

  19. Technical features in the Portal to CADAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Jiang-qin; ZHUANG Yue-ting; PAN Yun-he

    2005-01-01

    China-America Digital Academic Library Project (CADAL) is a collaborative project between universities and institutes in China and the USA, which aims to provide universal access to large scale digital resources and explore the ways of applying multimedia and virtual reality technologies to digital library. The distinct characteristic of the resources in CADAL is that it not only contains one million digital books of different languages, but also contains Terabyte level multimedia resources (image,video, and so on), which are utilized for education and research purposes. So, in the Portal to CADAL, both the traditional services of browsing and searching of digital books, and the services of quickly retrieving and structurally browsing of multimedia documents should be provided. In addition, the services of visual presentation of retrieved results are required too. In this paper,the underlying novel multimedia retrieval methods as well as visualization techniques, which are used in the CADAL portal, are investigated.

  20. Bosonic-Seesaw Portal Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Ishida, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Yuya

    2016-01-01

    We propose a new type of Higgs-portal dark matter-production mechanism, called bosonic-seesaw portal scenario. Bosonic seesaw provides the dynamical origin of the electroweak symmetry breaking, triggered by mixing between the elementary Higgs and a composite Higgs generated by a new-color strong dynamics (hypercolor) which dynamically breaks the classical-scale invariance of the model. The composite hypercolor-baryonic matter can then be a dark matter candidate, which significantly couples to the standard-model Higgs via the bosonic seesaw, and can be produced from the thermal plasma below the decoupling temperature around the new strong coupling scale, to account for the observed relic abundance of the dark matter: the dark matter can closely be related to the mechanism of the electroweak symmetry breaking.

  1. Portal hypertensive polyps, a new entity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Martín-Domínguez

    Full Text Available Presentamos el caso clínico de una mujer de 62 años de edad, con antecedentes de cirrosis hepática secundaria a hepatitis autoinmune, hipertensión portal y coagulopatía, quien presenta en gastroscopia, unas lesiones polipoideas, semipediculadas, polilobuladas en la región prepilórica, que se extirpan y cuya anatomía patológica se describe como pólipos hiperplásicos con edema, congestión vascular e hiperplasia del músculo liso, sin displasia ni cambios adenomatosos, correspondientes a "pólipos de la hipertensión portal" (PHP.

  2. Management of portal hypertension in children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roberto Gugig; Philip Rosenthal

    2012-01-01

    Portal hypertension can be caused by a wide variety of conditions.It frequently presents with bleeding from esophageal varices.The approach to acute variceal hemorrhage in children is a stepwise progression from least invasive to most invasive.Management of acute variceal bleeding is straightforward.But data on primary prophylaxis and long term management prevention of recurrent variceal bleeding in children is scarce,therefore prospective multicenter trials are needed to establish best practices.

  3. Liferay 6.x portal enterprise intranets cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Filipowicz, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    If you are a Java developer or administrator with a technical background and want to install and configure Liferay Portal as an enterprise intranet, this is the book for you. In short, reusable recipes help you realize business goals as working features in Liferay. This book will also give you useful hints on how to easily improve the default functionality of the system and its performance.

  4. [HEPATIC HYDATIC CYST ASSOCIATED WITH PORTAL HYPERTENSION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustíos, S Carla; Uribe, M Rosario; Vargas, C Gloria; Myurí, B Corina

    1999-01-01

    We report the case of a 26-year-old woman from Cerro of Pasco - Per , with hydatid cyst in the liver associated with portal hypertension. We know that the echinococcosis in the liver is usually asymptomatic, although can produce clinical features that depend of the size and localization in the liver. The clinical, radiological and endoscopic findings are presented, due to the uncommon presentation and the few cases reported in the literature about this asociation

  5. los portales estatales en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Sandoval Almazán

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Los portales de gobierno electrónico en México se encuentran en proceso de constante innovación, por ello es importante entender sus caracter ísticas y medir su avance desde la perspectiva de los ciudadanos. El índice de funcionalidad presentado en este artículo está basado en un enfoque teórico, denominado evolutivo, pero no asume que las etapas son necesariamente consecutivas y mutuamente excluyentes, como lo hacen estudios previos, sino que las conceptualiza como componentes complementarios que pueden estar presentes al mismo tiempo en un portal. Los componentes incluidos son: información, interacción, transacci ón, integración y participación política. Este artículo presenta los resultados de la medición realizada en el año 2006 de todos los portales estatales y del Distrito Federal.

  6. Idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHEN Jie

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The pathogenesis of idiopathic non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH remains unknown and the disease is diagnosed by the absence of recognized clinical indicators of cirrhosis and of any other known etiologies of portal hypertension. To promote understanding of this disease, a comprehensive overview of potential etiologies, clinical manifestations, histopathological features, methods of diagnosis and potential differential diagnoses, and outcome of clinical management is presented in this review. In particular, we discuss the findings from INCPH studies and their implications in regards to each of the above-mentioned categories. For example, associations with various comorbidities have suggested a possible immune system component to INCPH development and/or progression. In addition, the common clinical characteristics of patients upon presentation can not only help to recognize disease suspects but may also provide insights into the pathogenesis and prognosis. Finally, prognosis following the various intervention strategies appears to depend mainly on severity of the portal hypertension, as well as its various accompanying complications.

  7. Surgical management of portal cavernoma cholangiopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varma, Vibha; Behera, Arunanshu; Kaman, Leileshwar; Chattopadhyay, Somnath; Nundy, Samiran

    2014-02-01

    The majority of patients with portal cavernoma cholangiopathy (PCC) are asymptomatic, however some (5-38%) present with obstructive jaundice, cholangitis, or even biliary pain due to bile duct stones which form as a result of stasis. Most patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) present with variceal bleeding and hypersplenism and these are the usual indications for surgery. Those who present with PCC may also need decompression of their portosystemic system to reverse the biliary obstruction. It is important to realize that though endoscopic drainage has been proposed as a non-surgical approach to the management of PCC it is successful in only certain specific situations like those with bile duct calculi, cholangitis, etc. A small proportion of such patients will continue to have biliary obstruction and these patients are thought to have a mechanical ischemic stricture. These patients will require a second stage procedure in the form of a bilioenteric bypass to reverse the symptoms related to PCC. In the absence of a shuntable vein splenectomy and devascularization may resolve the PCC in a subset of patients by decreasing the portal pressure.

  8. Capsule Endoscopy for Portal Hypertensive Enteropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seong Ran Jeon

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertensive enteropathy (PHE is a mucosal abnormality of the small bowel that is observed in patients with portal hypertension (PH and can lead to gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia. The pathogenesis is still not completely understood. The introduction of new endoscopic methods, including capsule endoscopy (CE or balloon-assisted enteroscopy, has increased the detection of these abnormalities. CE can also serve as a road map for deciding subsequent interventions and evaluating the treatment effect. The prevalence of PHE is reportedly 40–70% in patients with PH. Endoscopic findings can be roughly divided into vascular and nonvascular lesions such as inflammatory-like lesions. Traditionally, PHE-associated factors include large esophageal varices, portal hypertensive gastropathy or colopathy, Child-Turcotte-Pugh class B or C, a history of variceal treatment, and acute gastrointestinal bleeding. More recently, on using scoring systems, a high computed tomography or transient elastography score was reportedly PHE-related factors. However, the prevalence of PHE and its related associated factors remain controversial. The management of PHE has not yet been standardized. It should be individualized according to each patient’s situation, the availability of therapy, and each institutional expertise.

  9. Photonic dark matter portal and quantum physics

    CERN Document Server

    Alavi, S A

    2016-01-01

    To identify the nature and properties of dark matter is one of the most serious open problems in modern physics. We study a model of dark matter in which the hidden sector interacts with ordinary matter (standard model particles) via photonic portal(hidden photonic portal). We search for the effects of this new interaction in quantum physics, therefore we study its effects on hydrogen atom because it is a simple and a well-studied quantum system so it can be considered as an outstanding test for dark matter signatures. Using the accuracy of the measurement of energy, we obtain an upper bound for the coupling constant of the model. We also calculate the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of muon due to the hidden photonic portal. At the moment there is a deviation between the standard model prediction for muon anomalous magnetic moment and its experimental value so the anomalous magnetic moment of muon can provide an important test of the standard model and the theories beyond it.

  10. Portal vein thrombosis related to Cassia angustifolia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soyuncu, Secgin; Cete, Yildiray; Nokay, Ali E

    2008-09-01

    Cassia angustifolia (Senna), used as a laxative, is a plant from the Fabaceae family. It includes hydroxyanthracene glycosides, also known as Senna Sennoside. These glycosides stimulate the peristalsis of the colon and alter colonic absorption and secretion resulting in fluid accumulation and expulsion. In the literature, there are reports illustrating the hepatotoxic effects of Cassia angustifolia but there is no report of portal vein thrombosis caused by Cassia Angustifolia. A 42-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with a five-day history of worsening epigastric pain, anorexia, episodic vomiting, and intermittent fever. She reported that she had boiled dried senna leaves she had bought from herbalists and drank approximately 200 mL daily for two years. Color Doppler screening found an echogen thrombus obliterating portal vein bifurcation and the right branch. The lumen was obstructed at this level and there was no blood flow through it. Treatment with thrombolytics was unsuccessful. Severe hepatotoxicity senna use is unusual. The cause of senna-related hepatotoxicity is unclear but could be explained by the exposure of the liver to unusual amounts of toxic metabolites of anthraquinone glycosides. Chronic use of Cassia angustifolia may rarely be associated with portal vein thrombosis.

  11. The DIRAC Web Portal 2.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathe, Z.; Casajus Ramo, A.; Lazovsky, N.; Stagni, F.

    2015-12-01

    For many years the DIRAC interware (Distributed Infrastructure with Remote Agent Control) has had a web interface, allowing the users to monitor DIRAC activities and also interact with the system. Since then many new web technologies have emerged, therefore a redesign and a new implementation of the DIRAC Web portal were necessary, taking into account the lessons learnt using the old portal. These new technologies allowed to build a more compact, robust and responsive web interface that enables users to have better control over the whole system while keeping a simple interface. The web framework provides a large set of “applications”, each of which can be used for interacting with various parts of the system. Communities can also create their own set of personalised web applications, and can easily extend already existing ones with a minimal effort. Each user can configure and personalise the view for each application and save it using the DIRAC User Profile service as RESTful state provider, instead of using cookies. The owner of a view can share it with other users or within a user community. Compatibility between different browsers is assured, as well as with mobile versions. In this paper, we present the new DIRAC Web framework as well as the LHCb extension of the DIRAC Web portal.

  12. Salvianolic Acid B Reducing Portal Hypertension Depends on Macrophages in Isolated Portal Perfused Rat Livers with Chronic Hepatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xin; Jia, Hongmei; Yang, Shijun; Liu, Yuetao; Deng, Bo; Xu, Xueyan; Zhang, Tao; Zhou, Hang; Zu, Chengzhe; Yin, He; Li, Ting; Song, Yijun; Wang, Yueqi; Li, Pengtao; Zou, Zhongmei; Cai, Dayong

    2012-01-01

    This study is aimed to investigate the effects of Sal B on portal hypertension (PH). PH with chronic hepatitis was induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats. The model was confirmed with elevated portal pressures and increased serum CD163 levels. The inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) or heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in portal triads was assessed. The isolated portal perfused rat liver (IPPRL) was performed at d0, d28, d56 , and d84 in the progression of chronic hepatitis. After constricting with phenylephrine, the portal veins were relaxed with Sal B. The EC50 of Sal B for relaxing portal veins was −2.04 × 10−9, 7.28 × 10−11, 1.52 × 10−11, and 8.44 × 10−11 mol/L at d0, d28, d56, and d84, respectively. More macrophages infiltrated in portal triads and expressed more iNOS or HO-1 as PH advanced. The areas under the curve (AUCs) of Sal B for reducing PH were positively correlated with the levels of iNOS or HO-1 in portal triads, and so did with serum CD163 levels. Sal B reduces PH in IPPRL with chronic hepatitis, via promoting portal relaxation due to macrophage-originated NO or CO in portal triads, partly at least. PMID:23118797

  13. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in patients with active variceal bleeding due to portal hypertension and portal vein thrombosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Hyun Woong; Ryeom, Hun Kyu; Lee, Sang Kwon; Lee, Jong Min; Kim, Young Sun; Suh, Kyung Jin; Kim, Tae Hun; Kim, Yong Joo [Kyungpook National Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-10-01

    To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with active variceal bleeding due to liver cirrhosis and pre-existing portal vein thrombosis. Of a total of 123 patients who underwent TIPS, 14 patients with intractable variceal bleeding due to portal hypertension and portal vein thrombosis were included in this study. Noncavernomatous portal vein occlusion was seen in eight patients, and complete portal vein occlusion with cavernomatous trans-formation in six. For all patients, the methods used for TIPS placement were the same as those used in patients with patents portal veins. In seven of eight patients with noncavernomatous occlusion, right hepatic vein-right portal vein shunting was performed; in one with knoncavernomatous occlusion, a shunt was created between the right hepatic and left portal vein. In five of six patients with cavernomatous occlusion, the right hepatic and main portal vein were connected via a collateral vein. The procedures were technically successful in all except one patient. Immediate hemostatis was achieved after all technically successful procedures, and no significant complications were encountered. Minor complications were noted in six patients (three biliary tree punctures, one transperitoneal puncture, one splenic vein perforation, one hepatic subcapsular hematoma). TIPS is a technically feasible and hemodynamically effective procedure, even in patients with active variceal bleeding due to cirrhosis and complete portal vein occlusion.

  14. Disastrous Portal Vein Embolization Turned into a Successful Intervention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobrocky, Tomas, E-mail: tomas.dobrocky@insel.ch [University of Bern, Department of Interventional, Pediatric and Diagnostic Radiology, Inselspital, University Hospital (Switzerland); Kettenbach, Joachim, E-mail: joachim.kettenbach@stpoelten.lknoe.at [Universitätsklinikum St. Pölten-Lilienfeld, Institute of Medical Radiology, Diagnostic, Intervention (Austria); Lopez-Benitez, Ruben, E-mail: Ruben.lopez@insel.ch; Kara, Levent, E-mail: levent.kara@insel.ch [University of Bern, Department of Interventional, Pediatric and Diagnostic Radiology, Inselspital, University Hospital (Switzerland)

    2015-10-15

    Portal vein embolization (PVE) may be performed before hemihepatectomy to increase the volume of future liver remnant (FLR) and to reduce the risk of postoperative liver insufficiency. We report the case of a 71-year-old patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma undergoing PVE with access from the right portal vein using a mixture of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate and ethiodized oil. During the procedure, nontarget embolization of the left portal vein occurred. An aspiration maneuver of the polymerized plug failed; however, the embolus obstructing portal venous flow in the FLR was successfully relocated into the right portal vein while carefully bypassing the plug with a balloon catheter, inflating the balloon, and pulling the plug into the main right portal vein.

  15. Hypertensive portal colopathy in schistosomiasis mansoni: proposal for a classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angelina C Miranda

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertension is a frequent complication of chronic liver disease, detected not only in schistosomiasis, but also in cirrhosis of any etiology. Vascular alterations in the colonic mucosa are a potential source for acute or chronic bleeding and have been observed in patients with portal hypertension. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe and propose a classification for the vascular alterations of portal hypertension in the colonic mucosa among patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis mansoni. One or more alterations of portal colopathy were observed in all patients and they were classified according to their intensity, obeying the classification proposed by the authors. Portal colopathy is an important finding in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and might be the cause of lower gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with severe portal hypertension.

  16. EMODnet Physical Parameters (EMODNet PP) Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novellino, A.; Schaap, D.; Manzella, G. M. R.; Pouliquen, S.; Gorringe, P.

    2012-04-01

    In December 2007 the European Parliament and Council adopted a common text for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive which aims to achieve environmentally healthy marine waters by 2020. This Directive includes an initiative for an overarching European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODNet). During the one-year consultation phase that followed the release of the EU Green Paper on a Future Maritime Policy for the European Union, stakeholders gave an overwhelming positive response. Facilitating access to high quality marine data will resolve difficulties and stimulate an expansion of value-added public and commercial services, lay the foundations for sound governance and reduce uncertainties on human impact on the planet as well as of forecasts relating to the future state of the marine environment. Better and linked marine data will have an immediate impact on the planning of environmental policy and mitigation measures, and will also facilitate impact assessments and scientific work. The overall objectives of the EMODnet Physical Parameters (EMODNet PP) preparatory action is to provide access to archived and near real-time data on physical conditions in Europe's seas and oceans by means of a dedicated Pilot Portal and to determine how well the data meet the needs of users from industry, public authorities and scientists. The latter implicates that it is also an objective to identify data gaps and arguments why these gaps should be filled in future monitoring. This project will contribute towards the definition of an operational European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). This is done done by: 1. providing through a portal: a. access to marine data from measurement stations and ferryboxes. Both near real-time and archived data of time series are to be made available. b. metadata for these data sets using EMODnet/INSPIRE standards. c. metadata maps and overviews for whole sea-basins showing the availability of data and monitoring intensity of that

  17. Los portales educativos: clasificación y componentes

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The progressive running of different educational portals needs one definition and classification for their identification, as well as, an enumeration of their usual elements to be able to set up one model of educational portal. This paper revises the main education portals of the Regional Governments and measures their development in order to know their trends. The article emphasizes the importance of some added value services implemented to support and to improve the educational tasks, as bl...

  18. ‘Latent’ Portal Hypertension in Benign Biliary Obstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrarullah, Md.; Sikora, S. S.; Agarwal, D. K.; Kapoor, V. K.; Kaushik, S. P.

    1996-01-01

    A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the changes in portal venous pressure in patients with benign biliary obstruction (BBO) but without overt clinical, endoscopic or radiological evidence of portal hypertension. Portal venous pressure was measured at laparotomy in 20 patients (10 each with either benign biliary stricture or choledocholithiasis) before and after biliary decompression. Pressure was found to be on the high side in seven patients (>25 cm of saline in three patients and > 30 cm of saline in four). The mean fall of pressure was 3.4 cm of saline after biliary decompression. No correlation could, however, be found between portal venous pressure and duration of biliary obstruction, serum bilirubin or bile duct pressure. Liver histology showed mild to moderate cholestatic changes but maintained portal architecture in all. Benign biliary obstruction may therefore, lead to elevation of portal pressure, even though the patient may not necessarily have any clinical, endoscopic or radiological manifestations of portal hypertension. The pathogenesis of this ‘latent’ portal hypertension is probably multifactorial. If biliary obstruction is left untreated the development of overt portal hypertension may become a possibility in the future. PMID:8725455

  19. Cavo-portal transposition in rat: a new simple model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andorno Enzo

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Liver transplantation in presence of diffuse portal vein thrombosis is possible by using caval blood as portal inflow, through cavo-portal transposition. However, clinical results are heterogeneous and experimental studies are needed, but similar hemodynamic conditions are difficult to obtain, especially in small animals. Herein we describe a new simple model of cavo-portal transposition in rat. Methods Spontaneous porto-systemic shunts are induced by subcutaneous transposition of the spleen. The presence of porto-caval shunts through the spleen permits the interruption of the main portal vein without splanchnic hemodynamic consequences. Cavo-portal transposition is achieved by anastomosing the inferior vena cava and the main portal vein after division of the pancreatic-duodenal vein. Results Selective angiography revealed total splanchnic blood diversion to the systemic venous circulation through the neoformed collaterals; macroscopical examination showed the absence of any signs of acute portal hypertension with normal liver and gut appearance. Conclusion This model of cavoportal transposition is simple, effective and it simulates the clinical hemodynamic condition since the porto-systemic shunts induced by splenic subcutaneous transposition correspond to the physiological inframesocolic collaterals during chronic portal thrombosis in man.

  20. Portal vein embolization induces compensatory hypertrophy of remnant liver

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing-Yao Huang; Wei-Zhu Yang; Jian-Jun Li; Na Jiang; Qu-Bin Zheng

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different portal vein branch embolization agents in inducing compensatory hypertrophy of the remnant liver and to offer a theoretic basis for clinical portal vein branch embolization.METHODS: Forty-one adult dogs were included in the experiment and divided into four groups. Five dogs served as a control group, 12 as a gelfoam group, 12as a coil-gelfoam group and 12 as an absolute ethanol group. Left portal vein embolization was performed in each group. The results from the embolization in each group using different embolic agents were compared.The safety of portal vein embolization (PVE) was evaluated by liver function test, computed tomography (CT) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) of liver and portal veins. Statistical test of variance was performed to analyze the results.RESULTS: Gelfoam used for PVE was inefficient in recanalization of portal vein branch 4 wk after the procedure. The liver volume in groups of coil-gelfoam and absolute ethanol increased 25.1% and 33.18%,respectively. There was no evidence of recanalization of embolized portal vein, hepatic dysfunction, and portal hypertension in coil-gelfoam group and absolute ethanol group.CONCOUSION: Portal vein branch embolization using absolute ethanol and coil-gelfoam could induce atrophy of the embolized lobes and compensatory hypertrophy of the remnant liver. Gelfoam is an inefficient agent.

  1. Salvianolic Acid B Reducing Portal Hypertension Depends on Macrophages in Isolated Portal Perfused Rat Livers with Chronic Hepatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Zhao

    2012-01-01

    , and d84 in the progression of chronic hepatitis. After constricting with phenylephrine, the portal veins were relaxed with Sal B. The EC50 of Sal B for relaxing portal veins was −2.04×10−9, 7.28×10−11, 1.52×10−11, and 8.44×10−11 mol/L at d0, d28, d56, and d84, respectively. More macrophages infiltrated in portal triads and expressed more iNOS or HO-1 as PH advanced. The areas under the curve (AUCs of Sal B for reducing PH were positively correlated with the levels of iNOS or HO-1 in portal triads, and so did with serum CD163 levels. Sal B reduces PH in IPPRL with chronic hepatitis, via promoting portal relaxation due to macrophage-originated NO or CO in portal triads, partly at least.

  2. Retrograde entry portal for femoral interlocking nailing in femoral nonunion after plate failure: a prospective comparative study with antergrade portal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assaghir, Yasser

    2017-03-01

    The piriformis fossa is the ideal portal of entry for antegrade interlocking nailing. Localizing this portal can be difficult and its eccentricity leads to complications. This prospective comparative study was designed to compare an innovative way to obtain the ideal portal from inside the medullary canal in cases of plate failure and compare it to the classic antegrade portal. It included 41 cases (19 antegrade and 22 retrograde). The retrograde portal was significantly better in terms of entry time, radiation time, blood-loss, and wound length. The proper portal was rapidly and easily achieved in all retrograde cases without complications; while four in antegrade cases had complications. Minimum follow-up was 2 years. Level of evidence III.

  3. Meaningful Use and the Patient Portal: Patient enrollment, use and satisfaction with patient portals at a later-adopting center

    OpenAIRE

    Neuner, Joan; Fedders, Megan; Caravella, Mary; Bradford, Lisa; Schapira, Marilyn

    2014-01-01

    Many physicians are adopting patient portals in response to governmental incentives for meaningful use (MU), but the stage 2 requirements for portal use may be particularly challenging for newer electronic health record (EHR) users. This study examined enrollment, use based on MU requirements, and satisfaction in a recently adopting fee-for-service multispecialty system. Between 2010–2012, overall portal enrollment increased from 13.2% to 23.1% but varied substantially by physician specialty....

  4. InCeP images - CREATE portal | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 03 Description of data contents Image files of mKIAA intracellular signaling pathway. Data file File name: create..._portal_images.zip File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/create-portal/LATEST/create_portal_imag

  5. The influence of culture on enterprise portal design in a global environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, Xiuzhen; Ehrenhard, Michel Léon; Hicks, Jeff; Hou, Yibin; Khosrow-Pour, M.

    2007-01-01

    Enterprise portals collect and synthesize information from various systems to deliver personalized and highly relevant information to suppliers, customers and employees. While enterprise portal design and portal applications have been widely discussed in the literature, the implications that arise

  6. The influence of culture on enterprise portal design in a global environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, Xiuzhen; Ehrenhard, Michel L.; Hicks, Jeff N.; Hou, Yibin; Khosrow-Pour, M.

    2007-01-01

    Enterprise portals collect and synthesize information from various systems to deliver personalized and highly relevant information to suppliers, customers and employees. While enterprise portal design and portal applications have been widely discussed in the literature, the implications that arise w

  7. CHRPR Operations Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Windsor, Bradford T.; Woodring, Mitchell L.; Myjak, Mitchell J.

    2012-08-21

    1.0 Overview The TSA systems VM-250AGN portal monitor is a set of two pillars made to detect nuclear material in a vehicle. Each pillar contains two polyvinyl toluene (PVT) plastic gamma ray detectors and four 3He neutron detectors, as well as a power supply and electronics to process the output from these detectors. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has designed and built a continuous high-resolution PVT readout (CHRPR) for the TSA portal to allow spectral readout from the gamma and neutron detectors. The CHRPR helps differentiate between different types of radioactive material through increased spectroscopic capability and associated developments. The TSA VM-250AGN continually monitors the natural neutron and gamma ray background which occurs around the pillars. When the system is installed, the two pillars are placed on either side of a roadway, and a vehicle presence sensor records the passage of cars between them. When radiation measurements exceed a preset alarm threshold, the system alarms to let the user know that a radioactive material is present. Time-stamped measurements are continually sent to a computer, where they can be recorded via a Windows terminal or the TSA RAVEN software. For each pillar in the original TSA model, output from each detector is amplified and shaped by a single channel analyzer, the SCA-775. Information from both SCA-775’s are passed to the SC-770 in the master pillar. This is the detector interface module and main data processor. It counts electrical pulses and uses program software to output total readings to the computer, as well as trigger any appropriate alarms. The CHRPR allows a parallel approach to recording radiation readings from the TSA system. After installing the CHRPR system, all TSA power and signal connections are unchanged. The CHRPR captures electrical pulses containing detector and occupancy sensor information from the SCA-775 on either side. These pulses are converted to a signal with a time width

  8. Quality control of systems of portal imaging; Control de calidad de sistemas de imagen portal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olasolo Alonso, J.; Martin Albina, M. L.; Otal Palacin, A.; Fuentemilla Urio, N.; Miquelez Alonso, S.; Pellejero Pellejero, S.; Maneru Camara, F.; Lozares Cordero, S.; Rubio Arroniz, A.

    2013-07-01

    The importance of accuracy and reproducibility of the positioning of the patient for the radiotherapy treatment, makes key the image quality of the image device portal used for the verification of such positioning. the objective of this work is the implementation of a procedure of quality control that easily and quickly verify the main parameters of image quality of the EPID. (Author)

  9. Instructions for Uploading Data to the Assay Portal - Instructions for Uploading Data to the Assay Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document provides instructions for configuring and uploading data files to the CPTAC Assay Portal. It is divided into sections, with an overview checklist provided at the end. If help is needed at any stage of the process, please use the support page: https://assays.cancer.gov/support/

  10. The NOAO NVO Portal: Overall Design & Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuentes, E.; Miller, C. J.; Gasson, D.

    2007-10-01

    We present an overview and design of the NOAO National Virtual Observatory (NVO) Portal. This is a web application providing one-stop discovery, analysis, and access to VO-compliant imaging data and services. It strictly follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern and relies heavily on Asynchronous Javascript And XML (AJAX) in the browser. Because of the heavy use of AJAX, the relatively simple database schemas, and, most importantly, the rapid development/iteration schedule, Ruby-on-Rails (RoR) was chosen as the implementation language and PostgreSQL as the database engine.

  11. Liver CT with portal-venous contrast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schild, H.; Mildenberger, P.; Schweden, F.; Eckmann, A.; Nagel, K.; Knuth, A.; Boerner, N.; Thelen, M.; Junginger, T.

    1987-12-01

    Contrast administration through the superior mesenteric or splenic arteries provided additional information in 22 out of 31 patients, when compared with intravenous contrast bolus for CT of the liver. In 11 patients, the demonstration of a tumour lead to a change in treatment. False positive findings occurred in four of the 31 patients. In 2 patients intrahepatic lesions were overlooked, but were found during angiography carried out at the same examination. The diagnosis of intrahepatic space-occupying lesions is discussed as well as the CT appearances of portal-venous liver perfusion.

  12. Configuring Mobile Commerce Portals for Business Success

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dholakia, Nikhilesh; Rask, Morten

    2004-01-01

    M-commerce entails transactions conducted via mobile telecommunications networks using communication, information, and payment devices such as mobile phones or palmtop units. Geographic positioning and location capabilities are also being added to such networks and devices. Rather than using gene...... the core concepts of personalization, permission, and content specification as they apply to e-commerce and m-commerce. The chapter presents a framework for developing effective business strategies for developing and managing mobile portals. http://www.morten-rask.dk/2003c.htm...

  13. [FEATURES LIVER TRANSPLANTATION IN PORTAL VEIN THROMBOSIS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbasov, P A

    2015-07-01

    In 2012 - 2013 years in 265 patients for liver transplantation was performed, including in 224 (84.5%)--from a living donor, in 41 (15.5%)--from the dead body. Using a Foley catheter to stop bleeding, and the imposition of vascular sutures during endovenectomy in portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and its possible damage under all conditions. In particular, PVT IV degree (Grade IV) in order to restore blood flow in the graft using the left gastric and renal vein is an alternative, if they are cryopreserved vein may be suitably used.

  14. The Use of Gamma-Ray Imaging to Improve Portal Monitor Performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ziock, Klaus-Peter [ORNL; Collins, Jeff [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Fabris, Lorenzo [ORNL; Gee, Timothy Felix [ORNL; Goddard, James K [ORNL; Habte Ghebretatios, Frezghi [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    We have constructed a prototype, rapid-deployment portal monitor that uses visible-light and gamma-ray imaging to allow simultaneous monitoring of multiple lanes of traffic from the side of a roadway. Our Roadside Tracker uses automated target acquisition and tracking (TAT) software to identify and track vehicles in visible light images. The field of view of the visible camera overlaps with and is calibrated to that of a one-dimensional gamma-ray imager. The TAT code passes information on when vehicles enter and exit the system field of view and when they cross gamma-ray pixel boundaries. Based on this in-formation, the gamma-ray imager "harvests" the gamma-ray data specific to each vehicle, integrating its radiation signature for the entire time that it is in the field of view. In this fashion we are able to generate vehicle-specific radiation signatures and avoid source confusion problems that plague nonimaging approaches to the same problem.

  15. An Analysis of Knowledge Management Mechanisms in Healthcare Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chei Sian; Goh, Dion Hoe-Lian; Chua, Alton Y. K.

    2010-01-01

    Healthcare portals are becoming increasingly popular with Internet users since they play an important role in supporting interaction between individuals and healthcare organizations with a Web presence. Additionally, many of these organizations make use of knowledge management mechanisms on their healthcare portals to manage the abundance of…

  16. Umbilical and portal vein calcification following umbilical vein catheterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, K.; Fendel, H.; Hartl, M.

    1989-07-01

    Calcifications of the umbilical vein and intrahepatic branches of the portal vein developed in a newborn who had inserted an umbilical vein catheter for 11 days postnatally. The calcified intrahepatic portal veins can still be demonstrated sonographically at the age of three years, whereby these calcifications were no longer detectable radiologically. (orig.).

  17. Dosimetry with a fluoroscopic electronic portal imaging device

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.L. Pasma (Kasper)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractechniques for dosimetric verification of radiotherapy treatments using a CCD camera based fluoroscopic electronic portal imaging device (EPID) are described. The dosimetric characteristics of the EPID were investigated and a method was developed to derive portal dose images (PDIs) from m

  18. Managing a portal of digital web resources by content syndication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vet, P.E.; Hofmann, Martin; Huibers, Theo W.C.; Roosendaal, Hans E.; de Bra, P.

    2003-01-01

    As users become more accustomed to continuous Internet access, they will have less patience with the offering of disparate resources. A new generation of portals is being designed that aids users in navigating resource space and in processing the data they retrieved. Such portals offer added value

  19. A 3-portal approach for arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beimers, L.; de Leeuw, P.A.J.; van Dijk, C.N.

    2009-01-01

    We present a 3-portal approach for arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis with the patient in the prone position. The prone position allows the use of the two standard posterior portals and it allows for accurate control of hindfoot alignment during surgery. Furthermore, the introduction of talocalcaneal

  20. An Analysis of Knowledge Management Mechanisms in Healthcare Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chei Sian; Goh, Dion Hoe-Lian; Chua, Alton Y. K.

    2010-01-01

    Healthcare portals are becoming increasingly popular with Internet users since they play an important role in supporting interaction between individuals and healthcare organizations with a Web presence. Additionally, many of these organizations make use of knowledge management mechanisms on their healthcare portals to manage the abundance of…

  1. Continued Use of a Chinese Online Portal: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Hung-Pin

    2008-01-01

    The evolution of the internet has made online portals a popular means of surfing the internet. In internet commerce, understanding the post-adoption behaviour of users of online portals can help enterprises to attract new users and retain existing customers. For predicting continued use intentions, this empirical study focused on applying and…

  2. A 3-portal approach for arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beimers, L.; de Leeuw, P.A.J.; van Dijk, C.N.

    2009-01-01

    We present a 3-portal approach for arthroscopic subtalar arthrodesis with the patient in the prone position. The prone position allows the use of the two standard posterior portals and it allows for accurate control of hindfoot alignment during surgery. Furthermore, the introduction of talocalcaneal

  3. The value of Doppler ultrasound in cirrhosis and portal hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, T; van der Jagt, EJ; Haagsma, EB; Bijleveld, CMA; Jansen, PLM; Boeve, WJ

    1999-01-01

    Background: Cirrhosis and portal hypertension affect the flow profile of the liver vasculature. In these conditions Doppler ultrasound can provide important information on the hemodynamics of the portal venous system, the hepatic artery and the hepatic veins. Methods: The value of Doppler ultrasound

  4. Giant Intrahepatic Portal Vein Aneurysm: Leave it or Treat it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrivastava, Amit; Rampal, Jagdeesh S; Nageshwar Reddy, D

    2017-03-01

    Portal vein aneurysm (PVA) is a rare vascular dilatation of the portal vein. It is a rare vascular anomaly representing less than 3% of all visceral aneurysms and is not well understood. Usually, PVA are incidental findings, are asymptomatic, and clinical symptoms are proportionally related to size. Patients present with nonspecific epigastric pain or gastrointestinal bleeding with underlying portal hypertension. PVA may be associated with various complications such as biliary tract compression, portal vein thrombosis/rupture, duodenal compression, gastrointestinal bleeding, and inferior vena cava obstruction. Differential diagnoses of portal vein aneurysms are solid, cystic, and hypervascular abdominal masses, and it is important that the radiologists be aware of their multi-modality appearance; hence, the aim of this article was to provide an overview of the available literature to better simplify various aspects of this rare entity and diagnostic appearance on different modality with available treatment options. In our case, a 55-year-old male patient came to the gastroenterology OPD for further management of pancreatitis with portal hypertension and biliary obstruction with plastic stents in CBD and PD for the same. In this article, we have reported a case of largest intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm and its management by endovascular technique. As per our knowledge, this is the largest intrahepatic portal vein aneurysm and first case where the endovascular technique was used for the treatment of the same.

  5. Portal: Your Door to World Languages and Cultures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Don; Lawton, Rachele

    2009-01-01

    Portal: Your Door to World Languages and Cultures was a series of public cultural events, in a variety of formats, created through a new partnership between the credit and continuing education (noncredit) foreign language programs at the Community College of Baltimore County (CCBC). Portal was designed to cultivate interest in foreign languages…

  6. Endovascular management for significant iatrogenic portal vein bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong Woo; Shin, Ji Hoon; Park, Jonathan K; Yoon, Hyun-Ki; Ko, Gi-Young; Gwon, Dong Il; Kim, Jin Hyoung; Sung, Kyu-Bo

    2017-01-01

    Background Despite conservative treatment, hemorrhage from an intrahepatic branch of the portal vein can cause hemodynamic instability requiring urgent intervention. Purpose To retrospectively report the outcomes of hemodynamically significant portal vein bleeding after endovascular management. Material and Methods During a period of 15 years, four patients (2 men, 2 women; median age, 70.5 years) underwent angiography and embolization for iatrogenic portal vein bleeding. Causes of hemorrhage, angiographic findings, endovascular treatment, and complications were reported. Results Portal vein bleeding occurred after percutaneous liver biopsy (n = 2), percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (n = 1), and percutaneous cholecystostomy (n = 1). The median time interval between angiography and percutaneous procedure was 5 h (range, 4-240 h). Common hepatic angiograms including indirect mesenteric portograms showed active portal vein bleeding into the peritoneal cavity with (n = 1) or without (n = 2) an arterioportal (AP) fistula, and portal vein pseudoaneurysm alone with an AP fistula (n = 1). Successful transcatheter arterial embolization (n = 2) or percutaneous transhepatic portal vein embolization (n = 2) was performed. Embolic materials were n-butyl cyanoacrylate alone (n = 2) or in combination with gelatin sponge particles and coils (n = 2). There were no major treatment-related complications or patient mortality within 30 days. Conclusion Patients with symptomatic or life-threatening portal vein bleeding following liver-penetrating procedures can successfully be managed with embolization.

  7. Bleeding Ectopic Varices as the First Manifestation of Portal Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brij Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ectopic varices are defined as dilated portosystemic collateral veins in locations other than the gastroesophageal region. We present a case of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding as the first manifestation of portal hypertension. We diagnosed ectopic duodenal varices without gastroesophageal varices on upper GI endoscopy and extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO on CT angiography and managed this case.

  8. Teachers' Acceptance and Use of an Educational Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pynoo, Bram; Tondeur, Jo; van Braak, Johan; Duyck, Wouter; Sijnave, Bart; Duyck, Philippe

    2012-01-01

    In this study, teachers' acceptance and use of an educational portal is assessed based on data from two sources: usage data (number of logins, downloads, uploads, reactions and pages viewed) and an online acceptance questionnaire. The usage data is extracted on two occasions from the portal's database: at survey completion (T1) and twenty-two…

  9. The NOAO NVO Portal: Client-Side VO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasson, D.; Fuentes, E.; Miller, C. J.

    2007-10-01

    The NOAO National Virtual Observatory (NVO) portal is a recently deployed web application for one-stop discovery, analysis, and access to VO-compliant imaging data and services. The NOAO NVO portal utilizes Simple Image Access Protocol (SIAP) services provided by some astronomical archives. The portal also utilizes a number of SOAP-based VO web services (WESIX, Sesame, etc). We discuss the design decisions and technology choices that were made in the NOAO NVO portal code to facilitate the use of IVOA standards and VO data/services. This includes a new Virtual Observatory library written for Ruby: an interpreted scripting language for quick and easy object-oriented programming. We provide an overview of VORuby and how it is utilized in the NOAO NVO Portal.

  10. Advances in the treatment of portal hypertension in cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kimer, Nina; Wiese, S; Mo, S S

    2016-01-01

    Non-selective beta-blockers and handling of esophageal varices has been key elements in the treatment of portal hypertension in recent decades. Liver vein catheterization has been essential in diagnosis and monitoring of portal hypertension, but ongoing needs for noninvasive tools has led...... to research in areas of both biomarkers, and transient elastography, which displays promising results in discerning clinically significant portal hypertension. Novel research into the areas of hepatic stellate cell function and the dynamic components of portal hypertension has revealed promising areas...... of treatment modalities, targeting intestinal decontamination, angiogenesis, inflammation and oxidative stress. Future studies may reveal if these initiatives lead to developments of new drugs for treatment of portal hypertension....

  11. Analysis of Portal for Social Network of IT Professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiri Kubalik

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of selected social networking portals for science, research and innovation as the first step in development of a portal for social network of IT professionals in the Czech Republic. First, actual portal implementations of four portals dedicated to scientific communities of researchers are analyzed, compared from the perspective of provided functions, layout and their interdependence and the main features are summarized. Then, the most important recommendations for the portal being developed are presented. The last part of the paper introduces two concepts of structured profiles - knowledge profile and scientific profile - that are proposed in order to precisely and explicitly express knowledge and scientific alignment of an IT professional. These two profiles will make it possible to search and compare IT specialists, their groups and projects or pair the users to the demands on the market. The paper concludes with a list of typical use cases where the profiles will be utilized.

  12. Management of rectal varices in portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Rectal varices are portosystemic collaterals that form asa complication of portal hypertension, their prevalencehas been reported as high as 94% in patients withextrahepatic portal vein obstruction. The diagnosis istypically based on lower endoscopy (colonoscopy orsigmoidoscopy). However, endoscopic ultrasonographyhas been shown to be superior to endoscopy in diagnosingrectal varices. Color Doppler ultrasonography isa better method because it allows the calculation of thevelocity of blood flow in the varices and can be used topredict the bleeding risk in the varices. Although rare,bleeding from rectal varices can be life threatening. Themanagement of patients with rectal variceal bleedingis not well established. It is important to ensurehemodynamic stability with blood transfusion and tocorrect any coagulopathy prior to treating the bleedingvarices. Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy has beenreported to be more effective in the management ofactive bleeding from rectal varices with less rebleedingrate as compared to endoscopic band ligation. Transjugularintrahepatic portsystemic shunt alone or incombination with embolization is another method usedsuccessfully in control of bleeding. Balloon-occludedretrograde transvenous obliteration is an emergingprocedure for management of gastric varices that hasalso been successfully used to treat bleeding rectalvarices. Surgical procedures including suture ligationand porto-caval shunts are considered when othermethods have failed.

  13. Dark matter decay through gravity portals

    CERN Document Server

    Catà, Oscar; Ingenhütt, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    Motivated by the fact that, so far, the whole body of evidence for dark matter is of gravitational origin, we study the decays of dark matter into Standard Model particles mediated by gravity portals, i.e., through nonminimal gravitational interactions of dark matter. We investigate the decays in several widely studied frameworks of scalar and fermionic dark matter where the dark matter is stabilized in flat spacetime via global symmetries. We find that the constraints on the scalar singlet dark matter candidate are remarkably strong and exclude large regions of the parameter space, suggesting that an additional stabilizing symmetry should be in place. In contrast, the scalar doublet and the fermionic singlet candidates are naturally protected against too fast decays by gauge and Lorentz symmetry, respectively. For a nonminimal coupling parameter $\\xi\\sim {\\cal{O}}(1)$, decays through the gravity portal are consistent with observations if the dark matter mass is smaller than $\\sim 10^5$ GeV, for the scalar do...

  14. Software tool for portal dosimetry research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vial, P; Hunt, P; Greer, P B; Oliver, L; Baldock, C

    2008-09-01

    This paper describes a software tool developed for research into the use of an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) to verify dose for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) beams. A portal dose image prediction (PDIP) model that predicts the EPID response to IMRT beams has been implemented into a commercially available treatment planning system (TPS). The software tool described in this work was developed to modify the TPS PDIP model by incorporating correction factors into the predicted EPID image to account for the difference in EPID response to open beam radiation and multileaf collimator (MLC) transmitted radiation. The processes performed by the software tool include; i) read the MLC file and the PDIP from the TPS, ii) calculate the fraction of beam-on time that each point in the IMRT beam is shielded by MLC leaves, iii) interpolate correction factors from look-up tables, iv) create a corrected PDIP image from the product of the original PDIP and the correction factors and write the corrected image to file, v) display, analyse, and export various image datasets. The software tool was developed using the Microsoft Visual Studio.NET framework with the C# compiler. The operation of the software tool was validated. This software provided useful tools for EPID dosimetry research, and it is being utilised and further developed in ongoing EPID dosimetry and IMRT dosimetry projects.

  15. Dark matter decay through gravity portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catà, Oscar; Ibarra, Alejandro; Ingenhütt, Sebastian

    2017-02-01

    Motivated by the fact that, so far, the whole body of evidence for dark matter is of gravitational origin, we study the decays of dark matter into Standard Model particles mediated by gravity portals, i.e., through nonminimal gravitational interactions of dark matter. We investigate the decays in several widely studied frameworks of scalar and fermionic dark matter where the dark matter is stabilized in flat spacetime via global symmetries. We find that the constraints on the scalar singlet dark matter candidate are remarkably strong and exclude large regions of the parameter space, suggesting that an additional stabilizing symmetry should be in place. In contrast, the scalar doublet and the fermionic singlet candidates are naturally protected against too-fast decays by gauge and Lorentz symmetry, respectively. For a nonminimal coupling parameter ξ ˜O (1 ), decays through the gravity portal are consistent with observations if the dark matter mass is smaller than ˜105 GeV , for the scalar doublet, and ˜1 06 GeV , for the fermionic singlet.

  16. The SmartGeo Portal: A retrospective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilmann, Zeno; Satta, Guido; Bonomi, Ernesto

    2016-04-01

    The SmartGeo portal was created in a follow-up project that evolved from the geophysical data imaging services of a Grid computing portal for Geoscience, called GRIDA3. The scope of the project was to support commercial geotechnical service providers as well as academic researchers working in near-surface geoscience. Starting from the existing services, the SmartGeo portal was set up on new hardware, using the latest version of the grid portal environment EnginFrame. After a first working version was established, the services were reviewed, updated and accompanied by new services according to the feedback we received from our partners. One partner for instance experienced large difficulties in a project that aimed at delineating the aquifer for finding water pollutant substances in an industrial area of Basel. The seismic imaging service inherited from the previous portal was employing a data-driven algorithm optimized to provide, directly during data acquisition, nearly in real-time a first image of the subsurface structure. Different to this, our user needed for his data from a geologically very complex and noisy urban environment the maximum lateral resolution and noise reduction possible. For this purpose we added two cutting edge data imaging algorithms able to deliver such high precision results by simultaneously optimizing, for every single image point, all parameters of the mathematical model---a procedure which increased the computational effort by one or two magnitudes, respectively. Thus, parallel computing on grid infrastructure served for maximizing the image resolution instead for generating real-time results. This proved also very useful for the data of an academic partner, recorded for imaging the structure of a shallow sedimentary basin, where we could obtain strongly improved seismic velocity information using these new algorithms. A general user request was to implement interactive data visualization tools. To fulfill this demand we took

  17. The ADRICOSM STAR GeoPortal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giorgetti, Alessandra; Cesarini, Claudia; Gambetta, Marco; Reseghetti, Franco; Vinci, Matteo

    2010-05-01

    From Stockholm (1972) to Rio de Janeiro (1992) and to Johannesburg (2002), environmental protection objectives are related to the principles of sustainable development. This includes the following important components: participation, information, communication, training (capacity building) and education. Better information ensure more participation from individuals, and allows citizens to take part in many different actions that can influence the policy process. Participation to political decisions need access to reliable and quality controlled information. The ADRICOSM Portal was developed in order to manage data diversity, provide access to any kind of product, provide metadata completeness and accuracy. The product, as defined in ADRICOSM, is anything that can be offered to a client and that might satisfy a want or need. This implied the implementation of services that was taking into consideration the diversity of the objects to be provided to users: observations, model outputs, maps, etc. The implementation of the portal was based on two metadata levels: 1. Directory level - consisting of broad descriptions of the contents of data sets; used to locate data sets of potential interest and 2. Data level - consisting of the actual data objects. The portal was developed as a simplified front end for the partners data management systems, giving emphasis on federated access points focused on thematic aspects. This was based on the idea that specialized customer-related access points can be better carried out by delegated teams of experts who know the needs of different customers, define the user software which is most suited to them. The data management systems provide facilities for two data tracks, one in real-time (or near-realtime) and one in delayed mode. Both tracks are based on the same data sources and transmission systems, but the data follow different routes and are processed differently depending on user requirements. The real-time data and model products

  18. Portal hypertensive colopathy in patients with liver cirrhosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Keiichi Ito; Katsuya Shiraki; Takahisa Sakai; Hitoshi Yoshimura; Takeshi Nakano

    2005-01-01

    AIM: In patients with liver cirrhosis and porlal hypertension, portal hypertensive colopathy is thought to be an important cause of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of colonic mucosal changes in patients with liver cirrhosis and its clinical significance. METHODS: We evaluated the colonoscopic findings and liver function of 47 patients with liver cirrhosis over a 6-year period. The main cause of liver cirrhosis was post-viral hepatitis (68%) related to hepatitis B (6%) or C (62%)infection. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to examine the presence of esophageal varices, cardiac varices, and congestive gastropathy, as well as a full colonoscopy to observe changes in colonic mucosa. Portal hypertensive colopathy was defined endoscopically in patients with vascular ectasia, redness, and blue vein. Vascular ectasia was classified into two types: type 1, solitary vascular ectasia; and type 2, diffuse vascular ectasia.RESULTS: Overall portal hypertensive colopathy was present in 31 patients (66%), including solitary vascular ectasia in 17 patients (36%), diffuse vascular ectasia in 20 patients (42%), redness in 10 patients (21%) and blue vein in 6 patients (12%). As the Child-Pugh class increased in severity, the prevalence of portal hypertensive colopathy rose. Child-Pugh class B and C were significantly associated with portal hypertensive colopathy. Portal hypertensive gastropathy, esophageal varices, ascites and hepatocellular carcinoma were not related to occurrence of portal hypertensive colopathy. Platelet count was significantly associated with portal hypertensive colopathy, but prothrombin time, serum albumin level, total bilirubin level and serum ALT level were not related to occurrence of portal hypertensive colopathy. CONCLUSION: As the Child-Pugh class worsens and platelet count decreases, the prevalence of portal hypertensive colopathy increases in patients with liver cirrhosis. A colonoscopic

  19. Altered blood-brain barrier permeability in rats with prehepatic portal hypertension turns to normal when portal pressure is lowered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Francisco Eizayaga; Camila Scorticati; Juan P Prestifilippo; Salvador Romay; Maria A Fernandez; José L Castro; Abraham Lemberg; Juan C Perazzo

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To study the blood-brain barrier integrity in prehepatic portal hypertensive rats induced by partial portal vein ligation, at 14 and 40 d after ligation when portal pressure is spontaneously normalized.METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: Group Ⅰ: Sham14d, sham operated; Group Ⅱ: PH14d, portal vein stenosis; (both groups were used 14 days after surgery); Group Ⅲ: Sham40d, Sham operated and Group Ⅳ: PH40d Portal vein stenosis (Groups Ⅱ and Ⅳ used 40 d after surgery). Plasma ammonia,plasma and cerebrospinal fluid protein and liver enzymes concentrations were determined. Trypan and Evans blue dyes, systemically injected, were investigated in hippocampus to study blood-brain barrier integrity. Portal pressure was periodically recorded.RESULTS: Forty days after stricture, portal pressure was normalized, plasma ammonia was moderately high,and both dyes were absent in central nervous system parenchyma. All other parameters were reestablished.When portal pressure was normalized and ammonia level was lowered, but not normal, the altered integrity of blood-brain barrier becomes reestablished.CONCLUSION: The impairment of blood-brain barrier and subsequent normalization could be a mechanism involved in hepatic encephalopathy reversibility. Hemodynamic changes and ammonia could trigger blood-brain barrier alterations and its reestablishment.

  20. MyUMC Patient Portal: patient and professional perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros, Wynand J.G

    2012-01-01

    Introduction In 2010 the UMC Utrecht started with the introduction of patient portals for patients with chronic conditions. The evaluation concerned portals of three patient groups: adults with HIV, adolescents with CF and parents of children with CF. The portals had six modules: ‘overview treatment appointments’, ‘overview of medication and test results’, ‘e-consult (a-synchronous)’, ‘request for medical prescription’, ‘diaries’ and ‘questionnaires’. Aim and objectives To evaluate patient’s use, their experiences and to detect factors that influence use and appreciation of the portal. Method One hundred and nine patients were followed during seven months. They completed a digital questionnaire at baseline, and at 2 and 7 months. The questionnaire contains items with fixed response categories on personal characteristics (including internet use and computer skills), actual use of the portal (frequency and modules), total websites’ ease-of-use (attractiveness, controllability, efficiency, helpfulness and learnability with WAMMI), patients’ experiences with the modules and overall appreciation of the portal (10-point scale). Two open questions were add on specific positive and specific negative experiences. Results Most respondents were regular (almost daily) users of the internet and considered themselves competent computer users. Over 80% of the patients used the portal at least once. More than half of them used the portal recently, i.e. the last month. Reasons for not using the portal were lack of actual health problems, problems with login procedures, too busy with other things. Related to regular care, most patients used the portal complementary to regular care for the same questions. However, about half of the patients stated that they used the portal as a substitution for regular consultations (face to face or telephone). On the other hand, one-third stated that they used the portal in addition to regular care. The users find the

  1. Portal hypertensive colopathy is associated with portal hypertension severity in cirrhotic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Antonio Diaz-Sanchez; Oscar Nu(n)ez-Martinez; Cecilia Gonzalez-Asanza; Ana Matilla; Beatriz Merino; Diego Rincon; Inmaculada Beceiro; Maria Vega Catalina; Magdalena Salcedo; Rafael Ba(n)ares; Gerardo Clemente

    2009-01-01

    AIM: To assess the prevalence of portal hypertension (PH) related colorectal lesions in liver transplant candidates, and to evaluate its association with the severity of PH.METHODS: Between October 2004 and December 2005, colonoscopy was performed in 92 cirrhotic liver transplant candidates. We described the lesions resulting from colorectal PH and their association with the grade of PH in 77 patients who underwent measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG). RESULTS: Mean age was 55 years and 80.7% of patients were men. The main etiology of cirrhosis was alcoholism (45.5%). Portal hypertensive colopathy (PHC) was found in 23.9%, colonic varices in 7.6% and polyps in 38% of patients (adenomatous type 65.2%). One asymptomatic patient had a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. The manifestations of colorectal PH were not associated with the etiology of liver disease or with the Child-Pugh grade. Ninety percent of patients with colopathy presented with gastroesophageal varices (GEV), and 27.5% of patients with GEV presented with colopathy ( P = 0.12). A relationship between higher values of HVPG and presence of colopathy was observed (19.9 ± 6.2 mmHg vs 16.8 ± 5.4 mmHg, P = 0.045), but not with the grade of colopathy ( P = 0.13). Preneoplastic polyps and neoplasm ( P = 0.02) and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis ( P = 0.006) were more prevalent in patients with colopathy. We did not observe any association between previous β-blocker therapy and the presence of colorectal portal hypertensive vasculopathy. CONCLUSION: PHC is common in cirrhotic liver transplant candidates and is associated with higher portal pressure.

  2. [Portal perfusion with right gastroepiploic vein flow in liver transplant].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendoza-Sánchez, Federico; Javier-Haro, Francisco; Mendoza-Medina, Diego Federico; González-Ojeda, Alejandro; Cortés-Lares, José Antonio; Fuentes-Orozco, Clotilde

    Liver transplantation in patients with liver cirrhosis, portal vein thrombosis, and cavernous transformation of the portal vein, is a complex procedure with high possibility of liver graft dysfunction. It is performed in 2-19% of all liver transplants, and has a significantly high mortality rate in the post-operative period. Other procedures to maintain portal perfusion have been described, however there are no reports of liver graft perfusion using right gastroepiploic vein. A 20 year-old female diagnosed with cryptogenic cirrhosis, with a Child-Pugh score of 7 points (class "B"), and MELD score of 14 points, with thrombosis and cavernous transformation of the portal vein, severe portal hypertension, splenomegaly, a history of upper gastrointestinal bleeding due to oesophageal varices, and left renal agenesis. The preoperative evaluation for liver transplantation was completed, and the right gastroepiploic vein of 1-cm diameter was observed draining to the infrahepatic inferior vena cava and right suprarenal vein. An orthotopic liver transplantation was performed from a non-living donor (deceased on January 30, 2005) using the Piggy-Back technique. Portal vein perfusion was maintained using the right gastroepiploic vein, and the outcome was satisfactory. The patient was discharged 13 days after surgery. Liver transplantation was performed satisfactorily, obtaining an acceptable outcome. In this case, the portal perfusion had adequate blood flow through the right gastroepiploic vein. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  3. Intelligent geospatial data retrieval based on the geospatial grid portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Jie; Yue, Peng; Gong, Jianya

    2008-12-01

    The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard-compliant services define a set of standard interfaces for geospatial Web services to achieve the interoperability in an open distributed computing environment. Grid technology is a distributed computing infrastructure to allow distributed resources sharing and coordinated problem solving. Based on the OGC standards for geospatial services and grid technology, we propose the geospatial grid portal to integrate and interoperate grid-enabled geospatial services. The implementation of the geospatial grid portal is based on a three-tier architecture which consists of grid-enabled geospatial services tier, grid service portal tier and application tier. The OGC standard-compliant services are deployed in a grid environment, the so-called grid-enabled geospatial services. Grid service portals for each type of geospatial services, including WFS, WMS, WCS and CSW, provide a single point of Web entry to discover and access different types of geospatial information. A resource optimization mechanism is incorporated into these service portals to optimize the selection of grid nodes. At the top tier, i.e. the application tier, the client interacts with a semantic middleware for the grid CSW portal, thus allows the semantics-enabled search. The proposed approach can not only optimize the grid resource selection among multiple grid nodes, but also incorporate the power of Semantic Web technology into geospatial grid portal to allow the precise discovery of geospatial data.

  4. APPLICATION OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY IN PORTAL HYPERTENSIVE SURGERY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hua; CHEN Zhi-ping; WU Zhi-yong

    2005-01-01

    Objective To compare magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with traditional angiography and doppler ultrasonography (DUS) in the assessment of portal venous anatomy and its hemodynamics. MethodsThree dimensional dynamic contrast-enhanced (3D-DCE) MRA and two dimensional phase-contrast (2D-PC) MR were used for the study of portal venous system in the patients with portal hypertension and those without liver cirrhosis. The comparison of the portal blood flow (PBF) measured with 2D-PC MR and DUS was made. ResultsThe portal vein, splenic vein, superior mesenteric vein, cephalic collateral veins and anastomotic stoma of surgical shunting were clearly displayed in 3D-DCE MRA. There was no significant difference between PBF measured with 2D-PC MR and DUS. Conclusion The results of present study indicate that the anatomical imaging of the portal venous system can be clearly revealed in MRA and the PBF can be accurately measured with 2D-PC MR. It is believed that MRA is a useful tool in the management of the patients with portal hypertension.

  5. Clinical role of non-invasive assessment of portal hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognesi, Massimo; Di Pascoli, Marco; Sacerdoti, David

    2017-01-07

    Measurement of portal pressure is pivotal in the evaluation of patients with liver cirrhosis. The measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient represents the reference method by which portal pressure is estimated. However, it is an invasive procedure that requires significant hospital resources, including experienced staff, and is associated with considerable cost. Non-invasive methods that can be reliably used to estimate the presence and the degree of portal hypertension are urgently needed in clinical practice. Biochemical and morphological parameters have been proposed for this purpose, but have shown disappointing results overall. Splanchnic Doppler ultrasonography and the analysis of microbubble contrast agent kinetics with contrast-enhanced ultrasonography have shown better accuracy for the evaluation of patients with portal hypertension. A key advancement in the non-invasive evaluation of portal hypertension has been the introduction in clinical practice of methods able to measure stiffness in the liver, as well as stiffness/congestion in the spleen. According to the data published to date, it appears to be possible to rule out clinically significant portal hypertension in patients with cirrhosis (i.e., hepatic venous pressure gradient ≥ 10 mmHg) with a level of clinically-acceptable accuracy by combining measurements of liver stiffness and spleen stiffness along with Doppler ultrasound evaluation. It is probable that the combination of these methods may also allow for the identification of patients with the most serious degree of portal hypertension, and ongoing research is helping to ensure progress in this field.

  6. [Portal hypertension in children. Follow-up after portal systemic shunts (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, O; Alvarez, F; Alagille, D

    1982-01-01

    The retrospective study of 115 children in whom a successful portosystemic shunt was carried out for portal hypertension, provides the following conclusions: 1) Patency of the shunt must be checked by esophageal endoscopy, six months postoperatively. A patent shunt can be expected when the size of the spleen and/or thrombocytopenia improve in the early post-operative period. Early ultrasound examination is also very useful in that respect. 2) None of the children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction or congenital hepatic fibrosis presented with clinical signs of portal systemic encephalopathy (PSE). 3) Eight of 30 children with cirrhosis presented with one or more clinical episodes of PSE. Some were transient allowing for a normal diet to be resumed later on. 4) It is thus advisable to give children with cirrhosis a low protein diet in the months after surgery. Protein content of the diet can usually be increased progressively over a period of one to two years. 5) Whenever splenectomy is necessary, it is mandatory to prevent pneumococcal infections with the pneumococcal vaccine and daily treatment with oral penicillin.

  7. InCeP - CREATE portal | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of data contents mKIAA intracellular signaling pathway. Data file File name: create_portal_incep.zip File U...RL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/create-portal/LATEST/create_portal_incep.zip File size: 1 KB Simple s...earch URL http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/create_portal_incep#en Data

  8. Gastric Polyposis: A Rare Cause of Iron Deficiency Anemia in a Patient With Portal Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macaron, Carole; Pai, Rish K.; Alkhouri, Naim

    2015-01-01

    Portal hypertension leading to gastric polyposis has rarely been reported. More common gastric manifestations of portal hypertension are portal hypertensive gastropathy and gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE). We report a case of a patient in whom portal hypertension manifested as bleeding gastric polyps leading to transfusion-dependent iron deficiency anemia. PMID:26157923

  9. Rational classification of portal vein thrombosis and its clinical significance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingqin Ma

    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis (PVT is commonly classified into acute (symptom duration <60 days and absence of portal carvernoma and portal hypertension and chronic types. However, the rationality of this classification has received little attention. In this study, 60 patients (40 men and 20 women with PVT were examined using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT. The percentage of vein occlusion, including portal vein (PV and superior mesenteric vein (SMV, was measured on CT image. Of 60 patients, 17 (28.3% met the criterion of acute PVT. Symptoms occurred more frequently in patients with superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT compared to those without SMVT (p<0.001. However, there was no significant difference in PV occlusion between patients with and without symptoms. The frequency of cavernous transformation was significantly higher in patients with complete PVT than those with partial PVT (p<0.001. Complications of portal hypertension were significantly associated with cirrhosis (p<0.001 rather than with the severity of PVT and presence of cavernoma. These results suggest that the severity of PVT is only associated with the formation of portal cavernoma but unrelated to the onset of symptoms and the development of portal hypertension. We classified PVT into complete and partial types, and each was subclassified into with and without portal cavernoma. In conclusion, neither symptom duration nor cavernous transformation can clearly distinguish between acute and chronic PVT. The new classification system can determine the pathological alterations of PVT, patency of portal vein and outcome of treatment in a longitudinal study.

  10. Portal pressure liver transplantation utilizing smaller grafts than before.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogura, Yasuhiro; Hori, Tomohide; El Moghazy, Walid M; Yoshizawa, Atsushi; Oike, Fumitaka; Mori, Akira; Kaido, Toshimi; Takada, Yasutsugu; Uemoto, Shinji

    2010-06-01

    To prevent small-for-size syndrome in adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (A-LDLT), larger grafts (ie, right lobe grafts) have been selected in many transplant centers. However, some centers are investigating the benefits of portal pressure modulation. Five hundred sixty-six A-LDLT procedures using right or left lobe grafts were performed between 1998 and 2008. In 2006, we introduced intentional portal pressure control, and we changed the graft selection criteria to include a graft/recipient weight ratio >0.7% instead of the original value of >0.8%. All recipients were divided into period I (1998-2006, the era of unintentional portal pressure control; n = 432) and period II (2006-2008, the era of intentional portal pressure control; n = 134). The selection of small-for-size grafts increased from 7.8% to 23.9%, and the selection of left lobe grafts increased from 4.9% to 32.1%. Despite the increase in the number of smaller grafts in period II, 1-year patient survival was significantly improved (87.9% versus 76.2%). In 129 recipients in period II, portal pressure was monitored. Patients with a portal pressure or=15 mm Hg (n = 43, 66.3%). The recovery from hyperbilirubinemia and coagulopathy after transplantation was significantly better in patients with a portal pressure graft-based A-LDLT to controlled portal pressure-based A-LDLT with smaller grafts. A portal pressure <15 mm Hg seems to be a key for successful A-LDLT.

  11. Some thoughts to realignment of PortalU

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konstantinidis, Stefanie; Kruse, Fred [Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment and Climate Protection, Hannover (Germany). Coordination Centre PortalU

    2013-07-01

    Environmental information is the basis for improving the environmental situation in the EU. The challenge poses the tailoring of information to a defined group of interest and not only the technical possibility to retrieve the environmental information. Even though, the technical infrastructure for retrieving public environmental information is the first step. Hence, the clear understanding of the needs of the general public is essential for a successful environmental information portal for the interest group ''general public''. What does this mean referring to the German Environmental Information Portal PortalU? Since the launch of PortalU the focus of the portal is set on making available official environmental information especially on German Federal Republic and Federal States level. Currently, information from web pages represents the greatest amount of information. In contrast, information from environmental data catalogs and further data bases represent a smaller amount of information within PortalU. But quantity itself does not tell anything about the demand of a target group. The experience of the last years has shown that environmental interested citizens use mainly general search engines like Google to find information from public environmental web pages. Thus it would be worth thinking about a realignment of PortalU. The idea of a prospective alignment of PortalU is to concentrate on important environmental information, which is not easily found via Google and other general search engines. This information is mainly provided via environmental data catalogs and possibly further data bases. Some thoughts about the potential form and design of a respectively aligned environmental portal are discussed in the paper. (orig.)

  12. Hiding Scalar Higgs Portal Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Chao, Wei

    2016-01-01

    We investigate a Higgs portal dark matter model by extending the Standard model (SM) with a complex singlet, $S=(s+ia )/\\sqrt{2}$, where $a $ is a dark matter candidate and $S$ gets no vacuum expectation value but $s$ mixies with the SM Higgs via a trilinear interaction. We point out an interesting scenario, where only quartic coupling contributes to the dark matter relic abundance and there is no tree level contribution to the direct detection. Numerical analysis shows that the direction detection cross section, which arises at the one-loop level, is about $2\\sim 5$ orders below the current LUX bound. Constraints from Higgs measurements as well as collider signatures of the model at the LHC are studied.

  13. Building a St\\"uckelberg Portal

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Wan-Zhe; Soler, Pablo; Ye, Fang

    2014-01-01

    We construct explicit string theory models realizing the recently proposed "St\\"uckelberg Portal" scenario, a framework for building Z' mediation models without the need to introduce unwanted exotic matter charged under the Standard Model. This scenario can be viewed purely field-theoretically, although it is particularly well motivated from string theory. By analyzing carefully the St\\"uckelberg couplings between the Abelian gauge bosons and the RR axions, we construct the first global intersecting brane models which extend the Standard Model with a genuine hidden sector, to which it is nonetheless connected via U(1) mass mixings. Utilizing the explicit models we construct, we discuss some broad phenomenological properties and experimental implications of this scenario such as Z-Z' mixings, dark matter stability and relic density, and supersymmetry mediation. With an appropriate confining hidden sector, our setup also provides a minimal realization of the hidden valley scenario. We further explore the possib...

  14. Portal vein embolization before major hepatectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai Liu; Yong Fu

    2005-01-01

    To discuss the rationale, techniques and the unsolved issues regarding preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) before major hepatectomy. After a systematic search of Pubmed, we reviewed and retrieved literature related to PVE. Preoperative PVE is an approach that is gaining increasing acceptance in the preoperative treatment of selected patients prior to major hepatic resection. Induction of selective hypertrophy of the nondiseased portion of the liver with PVE in patients with either primary or secondary hepatobiliary, malignancy with small estimated future liver remnants (FLR) may result in fewer complications and shorter hospital stays following resection. Additionally, PVE performed in patients initially considered unsuitable for resection due to lack of sufficient remaining normal parenchyma may add to the pool of candidates for surgical treatment. The results suggest that PVE is recomm-endable in treating the cirrhotic patients before major liver resection.

  15. Vulnerabilities in Academic E-governance Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subhash Chander

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Internet has become one of the most versatile sources of information and on the other way it has become source of various security threats. Various existing vulnerabilities in the web portals are compromised easily by hackers sitting at their places. There are so many vulnerabilities available in various websites in case of government sectors may be because of financial constraints or other. E-government is a new fast growing area in developing as well as in developed countries. New e-governance applications are emerging and being implemented and utilized by the common man. Providing government information and services on the web has resulted in mushrooming of websites with very little attention is paid to security issues of these websites. This paper discusses certain security issues & vulnerabilities in websites of educational institutes. The organizations taken into consideration are educational institutes of Haryana.

  16. The BAOBAB data portal and DACCIWA database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brissebrat, Guillaume; Belmahfoud, Nizar; Cloché, Sophie; Ferré, Hélène; Fleury, Laurence; Mière, Arnaud; Ramage, Karim

    2017-04-01

    In the framework of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA) programme, several tools have been developed in order to boost the data and information exchange between researchers from different disciplines: a user-friendly data management and dissemination system, quasi real-time display websites and a scientific paper exchange collaborative tool. The information system is enriched by past and ongoing projects (IMPETUS, FENNEC, ESCAPE, QweCI, ACASIS, DACCIWA...) addressing meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, hydrology, extreme events, health, adaptation of human societies... It is becoming a reference information system on environmental issues in West Africa: BAOBAB (Base Afrique de l'Ouest beyond AMMA Base). The projects include airborne, ground-based and ocean measurements, social science surveys, satellite data use, modelling studies and value-added product development. Therefore, the BAOBAB data portal enables to access a great amount and a large variety of data: - 250 local observation datasets, that have been collected by operational networks since 1850, long term monitoring research networks and intensive scientific campaigns; - 1350 outputs of a socio-economics questionnaire; - 60 operational satellite products and several research products; - 10 output sets of meteorological and ocean operational models and 15 of research simulations. Data documentation complies with metadata international standards, and data are delivered into standard formats. The data request interface takes full advantage of the database relational structure and enables users to elaborate multicriteria requests (period, area, property…). The BAOBAB data portal counts about 900 registered users, and 50 data requests every month. The databases and data portal have been developed and are operated jointly by SEDOO and ESPRI in France: http://baoab.sedoo.fr. The ongoing DACCIWA (Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions over West Africa) project uses the BAOBAB portal to

  17. Vehicle Development Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Supports the development of prototype deployment platform vehicles for offboard countermeasure systems.DESCRIPTION: The Vehicle Development Laboratory is...

  18. Vehicle Development Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Supports the development of prototype deployment platform vehicles for offboard countermeasure systems. DESCRIPTION: The Vehicle Development Laboratory is...

  19. Development of Geospatial Map Based Election Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, A. Kumar Chandra; Kumar, P.; Vasanth Kumar, N.

    2014-11-01

    The Geospatial Delhi Limited (GSDL), a Govt. of NCT of Delhi Company formed in order to provide the geospatial information of National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) to the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and its organs such as DDA, MCD, DJB, State Election Department, DMRC etc., for the benefit of all citizens of Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD). This paper describes the development of Geospatial Map based Election portal (GMEP) of NCT of Delhi. The portal has been developed as a map based spatial decision support system (SDSS) for pertain to planning and management of Department of Chief Electoral Officer, and as an election related information searching tools (Polling Station, Assembly and parliamentary constituency etc.,) for the citizens of NCTD. The GMEP is based on Client-Server architecture model. It has been developed using ArcGIS Server 10.0 with J2EE front-end on Microsoft Windows environment. The GMEP is scalable to enterprise SDSS with enterprise Geo Database & Virtual Private Network (VPN) connectivity. Spatial data to GMEP includes delimited precinct area boundaries of Voters Area of Polling stations, Assembly Constituency, Parliamentary Constituency, Election District, Landmark locations of Polling Stations & basic amenities (Police Stations, Hospitals, Schools and Fire Stations etc.). GMEP could help achieve not only the desired transparency and easiness in planning process but also facilitates through efficient & effective tools for management of elections. It enables a faster response to the changing ground realities in the development planning, owing to its in-built scientific approach and open-ended design.

  20. Tsunami.gov: NOAA's Tsunami Information Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiro, B.; Carrick, J.; Hellman, S. B.; Bernard, M.; Dildine, W. P.

    2014-12-01

    We present the new Tsunami.gov website, which delivers a single authoritative source of tsunami information for the public and emergency management communities. The site efficiently merges information from NOAA's Tsunami Warning Centers (TWC's) by way of a comprehensive XML feed called Tsunami Event XML (TEX). The resulting unified view allows users to quickly see the latest tsunami alert status in geographic context without having to understand complex TWC areas of responsibility. The new site provides for the creation of a wide range of products beyond the traditional ASCII-based tsunami messages. The publication of modern formats such as Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) can drive geographically aware emergency alert systems like FEMA's Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS). Supported are other popular information delivery systems, including email, text messaging, and social media updates. The Tsunami.gov portal allows NOAA staff to easily edit content and provides the facility for users to customize their viewing experience. In addition to access by the public, emergency managers and government officials may be offered the capability to log into the portal for special access rights to decision-making and administrative resources relevant to their respective tsunami warning systems. The site follows modern HTML5 responsive design practices for optimized use on mobile as well as non-mobile platforms. It meets all federal security and accessibility standards. Moving forward, we hope to expand Tsunami.gov to encompass tsunami-related content currently offered on separate websites, including the NOAA Tsunami Website, National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program, NOAA Center for Tsunami Research, National Geophysical Data Center's Tsunami Database, and National Data Buoy Center's DART Program. This project is part of the larger Tsunami Information Technology Modernization Project, which is consolidating the software architectures of NOAA's existing TWC's into

  1. Esophagogastric variceal bleeding in cirrhotic portal hypertension:consensus on prevention and management(2008)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Task Force for the Prevention and Management of Esophagogastric Variceal Bleeding of the Chinese Society of Gastroenterology,Chinese Society of Hepatology,and Chinese Society of Digestive Endoscopy

    2009-01-01

    @@ Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome which is a consequence of a pathological increase in portal vein pressure due to various causes,liver cirrhosis being the most common.The basic pathophysioiogical characteristic of portal hypertension is resistance to portal vein flow or an increase in portal vein flow,which results in elevation of ressure in the portal vein and its tributaries and the formation of collateral circulation.Portal hypertension is manifested as a clinical syndrome including ascites,hepatoencephalopathy,esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EVB),etc.Among these manifestations,EVB has the highest mortality which is also one of the most common emergencies of the digestive system.

  2. Extensive portal venous gas: Unlikely etiology and outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiffany P. Schatz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal venous gas or hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG found on imaging portends grave outcomes for patients suffering from ischemic bowel disease or mesenteric ischemia. HPVG is more rarely seen with severe but treatable abdominal infection as well as multiple benign conditions, and therefore must be aggressively evaluated. We report a 70-year old female who developed extensive intra- and extra-hepatic portal venous gas, pneumatosis intestinalis and free air associated with a perforation of the jejunojejunostomy after a gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma.

  3. Extensive portal venous gas: Unlikely etiology and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schatz, Tiffany P; Nassif, Mohammed O; Farma, Jeffrey M

    2015-01-01

    Portal venous gas or hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) found on imaging portends grave outcomes for patients suffering from ischemic bowel disease or mesenteric ischemia. HPVG is more rarely seen with severe but treatable abdominal infection as well as multiple benign conditions, and therefore must be aggressively evaluated. We report a 70-year old female who developed extensive intra- and extra-hepatic portal venous gas, pneumatosis intestinalis and free air associated with a perforation of the jejunojejunostomy after a gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma.

  4. [PIV: a computer-aided portal image verification system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Weihua; Zhang, Hongzhi; Wu, Jing

    2002-12-01

    Portal image verification (PIV) is one of the key actions in QA procedure for sophisticated accurate radiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to develop a PIV software as a tool for improving the accuracy and visualization of portal field verification and computing field placement errors. PIV was developed in the visual C++ integrated environment under Windows 95 operating system. It can improve visualization by providing tools for image processing and multimode images display. Semi-automatic register methods make verification more accurate than view-box method. It can provide useful quantitative errors for regular fields. PIV is flexible and accurate. It is an effective tool for portal field verification.

  5. Duodenal obstruction due to a preduodenal portal vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MNC Vilakazi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An infant presented with clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of a pyloric stenosis. On abdominal ultrasound, pyloric stenosis was excluded, and other causes for proximal duodenal obstruction, such as a duodenal web or annular pancreas, were suspected. At surgery, the cause was found to be due to an anterior portal vein or preduodenal portal vein, compressing the duodenum. There were no associated findings such as midgut malrotation, duodenal web and congenital anomalies. The treatment was a diamond-shaped duodeno-duodenostomy anterior to the portal vein. The patient improved after surgery.

  6. Optimal design of steel portal frames based on genetic algorithms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue CHEN; Kai HU

    2008-01-01

    As for the optimal design of steel portal frames, due to both the complexity of cross selections of beams and columns and the discreteness of design variables, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory results by traditional optimization. Based on a set of constraints of the Technical Specification for Light-weighted Steel Portal Frames of China, a genetic algorithm (GA) optimization program for portal frames, written in MATLAB code, was proposed in this paper. The graph user interface (GUI) is also developed for this optimal program, so that it can be used much more conveniently. Finally, some examples illustrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the genetic-algorithm-based optimal program.

  7. Gastric adenocarcinoma inducing portal hypertension: A rare presentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pradipta Ghosh; Katsumi Miyai; Mario Chojkier

    2007-01-01

    Advanced gastric cancer usually presents with symptoms due to direct extension into adjacent viscera, distant metastases from lymphatic or hematogenic dissemination and peritoneal seeding. However, portal hypertension as a presentation of metastatic gastric cancer is rare and usually seen in association with other malignancies, e.g. hepatocellular and pancreatic carcinoma. We report a case of signet ring adenocarcinoma of the stomach that presented with esophageal and duodenal varices and bleeding due to portal hypertensive gastropathy. Pagetoid spread of cancer cells likely caused early metastasis and the unusual presentation. We also discussed the pathophysiology of development of portal hypertension in association with malignancies.

  8. Portal Tools for Targeting Climate Information Users: The NIDIS Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, T.; Brewer, M.

    2008-12-01

    Translation of scientific information for targeted user groups is a critical challenge facing the development of any comprehensive climate services framework. This talk explores the lessons learned from the development of a National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) portal (drought.gov) to this end. The NIDIS portal focuses on communities of shared user interest, distinct tabular and map-based data accessibility pathways, and the judicious use of database crawlers to incorporate new and emerging data and information. These foci are informing the development of a climate services portal within NOAA scheduled for initial release in 2009.

  9. Portal dosimetry for VMAT using integrated images obtained during treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedford, James L; Hanson, Ian M; Hansen, Vibeke Nordmark

    2014-02-01

    Portal dosimetry provides an accurate and convenient means of verifying dose delivered to the patient. A simple method for carrying out portal dosimetry for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is described, together with phantom measurements demonstrating the validity of the approach. Portal images were predicted by projecting dose in the isocentric plane through to the portal image plane, with exponential attenuation and convolution with a double-Gaussian scatter function. Appropriate parameters for the projection were selected by fitting the calculation model to portal images measured on an iViewGT portal imager (Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) for a variety of phantom thicknesses and field sizes. This model was then used to predict the portal image resulting from each control point of a VMAT arc. Finally, all these control point images were summed to predict the overall integrated portal image for the whole arc. The calculated and measured integrated portal images were compared for three lung and three esophagus plans delivered to a thorax phantom, and three prostate plans delivered to a homogeneous phantom, using a gamma index for 3% and 3 mm. A 0.6 cm(3) ionization chamber was used to verify the planned isocentric dose. The sensitivity of this method to errors in monitor units, field shaping, gantry angle, and phantom position was also evaluated by means of computer simulations. The calculation model for portal dose prediction was able to accurately compute the portal images due to simple square fields delivered to solid water phantoms. The integrated images of VMAT treatments delivered to phantoms were also correctly predicted by the method. The proportion of the images with a gamma index of less than unity was 93.7% ± 3.0% (1SD) and the difference between isocenter dose calculated by the planning system and measured by the ionization chamber was 0.8% ± 1.0%. The method was highly sensitive to errors in monitor units and field shape, but less sensitive to

  10. The Integrated Web Portal for Escalation with Overdose Control (EWOC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haibin; Tighiouart, Mourad; Huang, Shao-Chi; Berel, Dror; Cook-Wiens, Galen; Bresee, Catherine; Li, Quanlin; Rogatko, André

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design and implementation of a novel web portal for the cancer phase I clinical trial design method Escalation with Overdose Control (EWOC). The web portal has two major components: a web-based dose finding calculator; and a standalone and downloadable dose finding software which can be installed on Windows operating systems. The web-based dose finding calculator uses industry standards and is a database-driven and distributed computing platform for designing and conducting dose finding in cancer phase I clinical trials utilizing EWOC methodology. The web portal is developed using open source software: PHP, JQuery, R and OpenBUGS. It supports any standard browsers with internet connection. The web portal can be accessed at: http://biostatistics.csmc.edu.

  11. Tumoural portal vein thrombosis. Enhancement with MnDPDP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marti-Bonmati, L. [Dept. of Radiology, MR Unit, Dr. Peset Hospital, Valencia (Spain); Lonjedo, E. [Dept. of Radiology, MR Unit, Dr. Peset Hospital, Valencia (Spain); Mathieu, D. [Dept. of Radiology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris Univ., Creteil (France); Coffin, C. [Dept. of Radiology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris Univ., Creteil (France); Poyatos, C. [Dept. of Radiology, MR Unit, Dr. Peset Hospital, Valencia (Spain); Anglade, M.C. [Dept. of Radiology, Henri Mondor Hospital, Paris Univ., Creteil (France)

    1997-07-01

    Purpose: Intrahepatic thrombus is usually associated with either cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Most HCCs enhance after the administration of MnDPDP (Teslascan). Our objective was to analyze the enhancement characteristics of tumour portal vein thrombi. Material and Methods: Thrombi affecting the main or segmental portal veins (17 cases) and the suprahepatic inferior vena cava (1 case) were retrospectively selected from a series of 128 patients studied with MR imaging before and after the administration of MnDPDP. Enhancement was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: All tumour thrombi enhanced after MnDPDP administration. The enhancement was more conspicuous in the GRE images. On the quantitative evaluation, the portal thrombus enhancement was greater for GRE images than SE images. Portal thrombi enhanced more than the liver and the HCCs. There was a significant difference between the enhancement of the HCCs and the thrombi with both MR imaging techniques. (orig./AJ).

  12. Bilateral varicoceles as an indicator of underlying portal-hypertension

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A. Adam

    2016-08-01

    Aug 1, 2016 ... b Department of Urology, 1 Military Hospital, Pretoria, South Africa c Department of Radiology, ... 'Bilateral varicoceles an indicator of portal-hypertension'. 211. Table 1 ... W.C. Mamitele: Patient report and management.

  13. Advances in diagnosis and treatment of portal hypertensive biliopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WENG Ningna

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available With the progress in research on portal hypertension in recent years, portal hypertensive biliopathy (PHB has attracted more and more attention. The pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of PHB, as well as the main methods for the diagnosis and treatment of this disease, are briefly described. The pathogenesis of PHB remains unclear, and it has been postulated that the external pressure of portal cavernoma and the ischemic stricture of the bile duct may play a role. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is the primary diagnostic tool for PHB. Currently, it is thought that asymptomatic PHB patients do not require any treatment, and symptomatic PHB patients should receive individualized treatment, which mainly included reducing portal pressure and relieving biliary obstruction. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt has become the first-line therapy for symptomatic PHB. More research and practice are needed for further understanding of PHB.

  14. The portals 4.0.1 network programming interface.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, Brian W.; Brightwell, Ronald Brian; Pedretti, Kevin; Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Hemmert, Karl Scott; Riesen, Rolf E.; Underwood, Keith Douglas; Maccabe, Arthur Bernard; Hudson, Trammell B.

    2013-04-01

    This report presents a specification for the Portals 4.0 network programming interface. Portals 4.0 is intended to allow scalable, high-performance network communication between nodes of a parallel computing system. Portals 4.0 is well suited to massively parallel processing and embedded systems. Portals 4.0 represents an adaption of the data movement layer developed for massively parallel processing platforms, such as the 4500-node Intel TeraFLOPS machine. Sandias Cplant cluster project motivated the development of Version 3.0, which was later extended to Version 3.3 as part of the Cray Red Storm machine and XT line. Version 4.0 is targeted to the next generation of machines employing advanced network interface architectures that support enhanced offload capabilities. 3

  15. The Portals 4.0 network programming interface.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, Brian W.; Brightwell, Ronald Brian; Pedretti, Kevin; Wheeler, Kyle Bruce; Hemmert, Karl Scott; Riesen, Rolf E.; Underwood, Keith Douglas; Maccabe, Arthur Bernard; Hudson, Trammell B.

    2012-11-01

    This report presents a specification for the Portals 4.0 network programming interface. Portals 4.0 is intended to allow scalable, high-performance network communication between nodes of a parallel computing system. Portals 4.0 is well suited to massively parallel processing and embedded systems. Portals 4.0 represents an adaption of the data movement layer developed for massively parallel processing platforms, such as the 4500-node Intel TeraFLOPS machine. Sandias Cplant cluster project motivated the development of Version 3.0, which was later extended to Version 3.3 as part of the Cray Red Storm machine and XT line. Version 4.0 is targeted to the next generation of machines employing advanced network interface architectures that support enhanced offload capabilities.

  16. E-learning Portal Tools for Medical Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roszak Magdalena

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The necessary prerequisites for efficiently pursuing distance learning include carefully planned organization of work and resource management tools, typically found in an internet application – a distance learning portal. The portal application must meet a number of capacity and functionality requirements. Learning goals are pursued through implementation of appropriate tools available in the portal. In the article that follows, the authors attempt to analyze this aspect of medical education as utilized by blended learning and e-learning classes. The article presents a proposal for a set of tools to organize classes in an e-learning portal at a medical school. In addition, the article presents the opinions of students of the Poznan University of Medical Sciences and the Medical University of Bialystok who took part in distance education classes.

  17. The Mandela Portal – past, present and future

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mpho ngoepe

    This is the first published article to outline the history and ... Keywords: archives, content management, Nelson Mandela Foundation, portal, website .... photos, artefacts and audio-visual material and yet had very few core professional staff.

  18. [PORTAL HYPERTENSIVE GASTROPATHY AT HOSPITAL NACIONAL DELSUR - IPSS AREQUIPA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerpa Polar, Rusby; Castro Valdivia, Raúl; Valdez Herrera, Jesús

    1998-01-01

    An analytic prospective study was done in cirrhotic patients with Portal hypertension to study a new pathology known as Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy. In 73.3 per cent of patients with cirrhosis, hospitalized inthe Gastroenterology Area, Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy was present. Males in the 4th decade of their life were predominant. Mild gastropathy with a mosaic or snake skin endoscopy pattern was the most frequent (60.6%), while in severe gastropathy, the most common pattern was cherry red spots. These lesions were often located in the stomach fundus and body. All the patients presented some vascular alteration and lymphoplasmocytic inflammatory infiltration. No relation was found between the severity of Portal Hypertension or Advanced Liver Disease and changes of the gastric mucosa.

  19. The Astrophysics Simulation Collaboratory portal: A framework foreffective distributed research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bondarescu, Ruxandra; Allen, Gabrielle; Daues, Gregory; Kelly,Ian; Russell, Michael; Seidel, Edward; Shalf, John; Tobias, Malcolm

    2003-03-03

    We describe the motivation, architecture, and implementation of the Astrophysics Simulation Collaboratory (ASC) portal. The ASC project provides a web-based problem solving framework for the astrophysics community that harnesses the capabilities of emerging computational grids.

  20. Contemporary use of elastography in liver fibrosis and portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thiele, Maja; Kjærgaard, Maria; Thielsen, Peter

    2017-01-01

    significant portal hypertension, techniques and limitations. Four types of ultrasound elastography exist, but there is scarce evidence comparing the different techniques. The majority of experience concern transient elastography for diagnosing fibrosis and cirrhosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis C...

  1. Integrating Space Communication Network Capabilities via Web Portal Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Mark D.; Lee, Carlyn-Ann; Lau, Chi-Wung; Cheung, Kar-Ming; Levesque, Michael; Carruth, Butch; Coffman, Adam; Wallace, Mike

    2014-01-01

    We have developed a service portal prototype as part of an investigation into the feasibility of using Java portlet technology as a means of providing integrated access to NASA communications network services. Portal servers provide an attractive platform for this role due to the various built-in collaboration applications they can provide, combined with the possibility to develop custom inter-operating portlets to extent their functionality while preserving common presentation and behavior. This paper describes various options for integration of network services related to planning and scheduling, and results based on use of a popular open-source portal framework. Plans are underway to develop an operational SCaN Service Portal, building on the experiences reported here.

  2. Knowledge portal: a tool to capture university requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansourvar, Marjan; Binti Mohd Yasin, Norizan

    2011-10-01

    New technologies, especially, the Internet have made a huge impact on knowledge management and information dissemination in education. The web portal as a knowledge management system is very popular topics in many organizations including universities. Generally, a web portal defines as a gateway to online network accessible resources through the intranet, extranet or Internet. This study develops a knowledge portal for the students in the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology (FCSIT), University of Malaya (UM). The goals of this portal are to provide information for the students to help them to choose the right courses and major that are relevant to their intended future jobs or career in IT. A quantitative approach used as the selected method for this research. Quantitative method provides an easy and useful way to collect data from a large sample population.

  3. The Portals 4.1 Network Programming Interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, Brian; Brightwell, Ronald B.; Grant, Ryan; Hemmert, Karl Scott; Pedretti, Kevin; Wheeler, Kyle; Underwood, Keith D; Riesen, Rolf; Maccabe, Arthur B.; Hudson, Trammel

    2017-04-01

    This report presents a specification for the Portals 4 networ k programming interface. Portals 4 is intended to allow scalable, high-performance network communication betwee n nodes of a parallel computing system. Portals 4 is well suited to massively parallel processing and embedded syste ms. Portals 4 represents an adaption of the data movement layer developed for massively parallel processing platfor ms, such as the 4500-node Intel TeraFLOPS machine. Sandia's Cplant cluster project motivated the development of Version 3.0, which was later extended to Version 3.3 as part of the Cray Red Storm machine and XT line. Version 4 is tar geted to the next generation of machines employing advanced network interface architectures that support enh anced offload capabilities.

  4. USAID Business/Partner to Government Transaction Portal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — This project expands on the FY12 external facing portal implementation and leverages the Identity Management solution framework to provide greater efficiency for...

  5. Assessment of private hospital portals: A conceptual model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Alipour-Hafezi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hospital portals, as the first virtual entry, play an important role in connecting people with hospital and also presenting hospital virtual services. The main purpose of this article was to suggest a conceptual model to improve Tehran private hospital portals. The suggested model can be used by all the health portals that are in the same circumstances and all the health portals which are in progress. Method: This is a practical research, using evaluative survey research method. Research population includes all the private hospital portals in Tehran, 34 portals, and ten top international hospital portals. Data gathering tool used in this research was a researcher-made checklist including 14 criteria and 77 sub-criteria with their weight score. In fact, objective observation with the mentioned checklist was used to gather information. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data and tables and graphs were used to present the organized data. Also, data were analyzed using independent t-test. Conceptual modeling technique was used to design the model and demonstration method was used to evaluate the proposed model. In this regard, SPSS statistical software was used to perform the tests. Results:The comparative study between the two groups of portals, TPH and WTH, in the 14 main criteria showed that the value of t-test in contact information criteria was 0.862, portal page specification was -1.378, page design criteria -1.527, updating pages -0.322, general information and access roads -3.161, public services -7.302, patient services -4.154, patient data -8.703, research and education -9.155, public relationship -3.009, page technical specifications -4.726, telemedicine -7.488, pharmaceutical services -6.183, and financial services -2.782. Finally, the findings demonstrated that Tehran private hospital portals in criterion of contact information were favorable; page design criteria were relatively favorable; page technical

  6. Systemic sclerosis with portal hypertensive ascites responded to corticosteroid treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LENG Xiao-mei; SUN Xue-feng; ZHANG Xuan; ZHANG Wen; LI Meng-tao; ZENG Xiao-feng

    2012-01-01

    We describe a case of systemic sclerosis (SSc) complicated with portal hypertensive ascites which did not improve with diuretics and ascitic drainage.When corticosteroid added,her ascites diminished dramatically.Though portal hypertension can be imputed to other causes,such as polycystic liver in this case,it can occur in limited SSc with positive anti-centromere antibody and respond to corticosteroid treatment.

  7. Chylous ascites caused by acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Dong Eun; Chae, Kwon Mook

    2011-01-01

    Chylous ascites is defined as the accumulation of chyle in the peritoneum due to obstruction or rupture of the peritoneal or retroperitoneal lymphatic glands. Chylous ascites that arises from acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis is very rare. We report here on a case of chylous ascite that was caused by acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis, in which the patient showed an impressive response to conservative therapy with total parenteral nutrition and octerotide. We also rev...

  8. The American Coal Co. opens the Millennium Portal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fiscor, S.

    2001-12-01

    The American Coal Co. acquired the Galatia mine in southern Illinois three years ago and has already made capacity improvements, increased the throughput at the coal preparation plant, and embarked on a new mine development, the Millennium Portal. The article describes development plans. Initially, two shafts and a slope are being completed by Frontier-Kemper. The Millennium Portal is the first mine designed for longwall mining in Illinois. 4 photos.

  9. Edición web distribuida en un portal institucional

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    This article offers a case study about content administration and management support for institutional portals. It describes the structure and workings of a shared web editing system that has been implemented for the official portal of the Education and Culture Section of Murcia's Regional Government. The article offers general instructions and advice for excellent system performance. It highlights the benefits of decentralized web editing as a method for supplying high quality content in civ...

  10. THE ROLE OF ENTERPRISE PORTALS IN ENTERPRISE INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianina RIZESCU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s enterprises are moving business systems to the Internet - to connect people, business processes, and people to business processes in enterprise and across enterprise boundaries. The portal brings it all together: business processes, departmental sites, knowledge management resources, enterprise management systems, CRM systems, analytics, email, calendars, external content, transactions,administration, workflow, and more. The goal of this paper is to present the role of the Enterprise Portal in internal and external enterprise integration.

  11. Tracks: The New York City Rat Information Portal

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-12-21

    This podcast, featuring Daniel Kass, Acting Deputy Commissioner of Environmental Health for the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, provides information about the NYC Rat Information Portal. It details the background and uses of the Rat Portal, as well as next steps for the NYC Environmental Public Health Tracking Program.  Created: 12/21/2009 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH).   Date Released: 12/21/2009.

  12. Ultra Sound Evaluation of Choledochal Cyst With Portal Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alam P

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Choledochal cyst is an uncommon congenital cystic dilatation of the bile duct. The underlying etiology is believed to be an anomalous junction of the pancreatic duct and common bile duct (CBD that allows free reflux of pancreatic enzymes into the CBD, weakening its wall. Portal hypertension is a rare complication of choledochal cyst. We report a case of choledochal cyst with portal hypertension confirmed by surgery

  13. High Performance Computing Innovation Service Portal Study (HPC-ISP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    based electronic commerce interface for the goods and services available through the brokerage service. This infrastructure will also support the... electronic commerce backend functionality for third parties that want to sell custom computing services. • Tailored Industry Portals are web portals for...broker shown in Figure 8 is essentially a web server that provides remote access to computing and software resources through an electronic commerce

  14. Online shopping portals: an option for traditional retailers?

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, Aileen; Coughlan, Joseph

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to examine the benefits delivered to traditional retailers from using shopping portals as their entry mechanism to the online trading environment. The paper also aims to highlight the possible drawbacks inherent in such an approach. Design/methodology/approach – A case study approach was used with an online portal, combining documentary analysis and semi-structured interviews, using a team-based interviewing approach. This facilitated the d...

  15. Role of PGI2 in the formation and maintenance of hyperdynamic circulatory state of portal hypertensive rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-Yong Wu; Xue-Song Chen; Jiang-Feng Qiu; Hui Cao

    2005-01-01

    PGI2, NO still correlated highly with the hemodynamic parameters, indicating that there was a close correlation between NO and the hemodynamic parameters.After administration of high-dose heparin, plasma 6-ketoPGF1α concentrations in IHPH, PHPH and SO rats were significantly higher than those in rats administrated vehicle(P<0.05). On the contrary, levels of serum NO2-/NO3- in IHPH, PHPH and SO rats were significantly lower than those in rats administrated Vehicle (P<0.05). Compared with those rats administrated vehicle, the hemodynamic parameters of portal hypertensive rats, such as CI and PVI, declined significantly after administration of high-dose heparin (P<0.05), while TPR and SVR increased significantly (P<0.05).CONCLUSION: It is NO rather than PGI2 that is a mediator in the formation and maintenance of hyperdynamic circulatory state of chronic portal hypertensive rats.

  16. Portal-venous gas unrelated to mesenteric ischemia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiesner, Walter; Mortele, Koenraad J.; Ji, Hoon; Ros, Pablo R. [Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Glickman, Jonathan N. [Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2002-06-01

    The aim of this study was to report on 8 patients with all different non-ischemic etiologies for portal-venous gas and to discuss this rare entity and its potentially misleading CT findings in context with a review of the literature. The CT examinations of eight patients who presented with intrahepatic portal-venous gas, unrelated to bowel ischemia or infarction, were reviewed and compared with their medical records with special emphasis on the pathogenesis and clinical impact of portal-venous gas caused by non-ischemic conditions. The etiologies for portal-venous gas included: abdominal trauma (n=1); large gastric cancer (n=1); prior gastroscopic biopsy (n=1); prior hemicolectomy (n=1); graft-vs-host reaction (n=1); large paracolic abscess (n=1); mesenteric recurrence of ovarian cancer superinfected with clostridium septicum (n=1); and sepsis with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=1). The clinical outcome of all patients was determined by their underlying disease and not negatively influenced by the presence of portal-venous gas. Although the presence of portal-venous gas usually raises the suspicion of bowel ischemia and/or intestinal necrosis, this CT finding may be related to a variety of non-ischemic etiologies and pathogeneses as well. The knowledge about these conditions may help to avoid misinterpretation of CT findings, inappropriate clinical uncertainty and unnecessary surgery in certain cases. (orig.)

  17. Introducing OPTO : Portal for Optical Communities in Indonesia

    CERN Document Server

    Waluyo, T B

    2007-01-01

    Since January 1, 2005 we have launched "OPTO" Portal, a website dedicated to optical communities in Indonesia. The address of this portal is http://www.opto.lipi.go.id and is self-supporting managed and not for commercial purposes. Our aims in launching this portal are to benefit Internet facility in increasing the communities' scientific activity; to provide an online reference in Indonesian language for optics-based science and technology subjects; as well as to pioneer the communities' online activities with real impacts and benefits for our society. We will describe in the paper the features of this portal that can be utilized by all individuals or members of optical communities to store and share information and to build networks or partnership as well. We realized that this portal is still not popular and most of our aims are still not reached. This conference should be a good place for all of us to collaborate to properly utilize this portal for the advantages to the optical communities in Indonesia an...

  18. [Treatment of nontumoral portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bañares, Rafael; Catalina, María-Vega

    2014-07-01

    Portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis is a relatively common complication associated with the presence of an accompanying prothrombotic phenotype of advanced cirrhosis. The consequences of portal vein thrombosis are relevant because it can be associated with impaired hepatic function, might contraindicate hepatic transplantation and could increase morbidity in the surgical procedure. There is controversy concerning the most effective treatment of portal vein thrombosis, which is based on information that is seldom robust and whose primary objective is to achieve a return to vessel patency. Various studies have suggested that starting anticoagulation therapy early is associated with portal vein repatency more frequently than without treatment and has a low rate of complications. There are no proven data on the type of anticoagulant (low-molecular-weight heparins or dicoumarin agents) and the treatment duration. The implementation of TIPS is technically feasible in thrombosis without cavernous transformation and is associated with portal vein recanalization in a significant proportion of cases. Thrombolytic therapy does not appear to present an adequate balance between efficacy and safety; its use is therefore not supported for this indication. The proper definition of treatment for portal vein thrombosis requires properly designed studies to delimit the efficacy and safety of the various alternatives.

  19. A STUDY OF CORRELATION OF ESOPHAGEAL VARICES IN CIRRHOTIC PATIENTS WITH PORTAL HAEMODYNAMICS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PORTAL VEIN DIAMETER, PORTAL VEIN VELOCITY, CONGESTION INDEX, LIVER VASCULAR INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arvind

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE : Approximately two thirds of patients with decompensated cirrhosis and one third of those with compensated cirrhosis have varices at the time of diagnosis. Therefore , it is essential to identify and treat those patients at highest risk because each episode of variceal hemorrhage carries a 20% to 30% risk of death , and 70% of patients not receiving treatment will die within 1 year of the initial bleeding episode . (1 METH OD S: For this study , patients with cirrhosis with or without the evidence of any upper Gastrointestinal bleed , admitted in the department of medicine , JA Group of Hospitals , GR Medical College were taken. The study was conducted between September 2011 and November 2012 and cases were evaluated on the basis of clinical , haematological , ultrasonographic and endoscopic findings. Total number of cases were 100. RESULT : The prevalence of esophageal varices was 75% in cirrhotic patients out of which 28% had bleeding. The prevalence of gastric varices was 1.33%. The portal vein diameter correlated with the presence of varices while portal vein velocity , congestion index and liver vascular index had no significant correlation with esophageal varices. The Portal vein diameter more than 1.4 cm can predict varices with sensitivity 76 % (p<0.05 and Portal vein diameter more than 1.5 cm can detect bleeding varices in cirrhotic patients with sensitivity 55.56% and specificity 80.70% . CONCLUSION : This study showed tha t duration of illness , spleen size and tense ascitis on ultrasonography and portal vein diameter correlated with the presence of esophageal varices. The duration of illness and portal vein diameter are also correlated with bleeding manifestation

  20. Reaching Prevention Professionals: The Mentor Portal Cost-Benefit Analysis of a Drug Misuse Prevention Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-09-01

    such as NIDA and the Pompidou Group. Figure 4-1 depicts the setting and the target groups of the portal in a schematic way. It serves as a framework...584,000  1,138,000 584,000 611,500 1,195,500 22 5.2 Outcomes The Drug Policy Research Center study (Caulkins 1999) researched whether...13, Chicago 1990a. Benard, B., K. Marshall, Meta-analyses provide decade of evidence: effective school-based drug prevention programs, Center

  1. Observatorios Web y portales del conocimiento Web Observatories and Knowledge Portals

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este documento pretende analizar y establecer la naturaleza, características y elementos de las publicaciones Web denominadas "Observatorios Web" y "Portales del Conocimiento" de forma integral y práctica, sobre todo los aspectos que inciden en el desarrollo e implementación exitosa de una publicación digital de estos tipos construida en función de los objetivos básicos de cualquier institución en el medio mexicano. Parte de esta investigación se estudió teóricamente en la literatura; otra pa...

  2. 基于Liferay Portal的门户网站建设%Liferay Portal's Portal Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄银瑞

    2012-01-01

    Liferay作为开源企业级门户框架平台是目前应用广泛的开源Portal,该文介绍了Liferay portal的基本结构,设计开发了基于Liferay Portal的门户网站,实现了单点登录,统一资源等功能.给数字化校园门户提供了高效安全的信息聚合,提高了用户的工作效率.

  3. Observatorios Web y portales del conocimiento Web Observatories and Knowledge Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Voutssás M.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este documento pretende analizar y establecer la naturaleza, características y elementos de las publicaciones Web denominadas "Observatorios Web" y "Portales del Conocimiento" de forma integral y práctica, sobre todo los aspectos que inciden en el desarrollo e implementación exitosa de una publicación digital de estos tipos construida en función de los objetivos básicos de cualquier institución en el medio mexicano. Parte de esta investigación se estudió teóricamente en la literatura; otra parte se realizó observando una serie de características y atributos visibles en sitios Web y portales existentes y finalmente otra parte se desarrolló a través de la selección de una "institución tipo" donde se realizó un estudio de caso analizando al interior de la misma el contexto, recursos, necesidades, etc. que ayudasen a establecer de forma integral y sobre todo práctica todos los elementos que inciden en el desarrollo e implementación exitosa de un publicación Web del tipo "Portal del Conocimiento". El estudio contempla los aspectos editoriales, tecnológicos, bibliotecológicos, administrativo-financieros y legales.This paper analyzes thoroughly in theory and functionality the nature and components of the Web publishing types known as "Virtual" or "Web observatories" and "Knowledge Portals", mostly on those aspects which enhance their successful construction while being developed by an institution. Therefore, part of this research was built from the current literature; a second part observing those aspects from these types of sites visible in the cyberspace, and finally, working a study case in an institution analyzing its context, necessities, resources, etc., in a thoroughly manner to discover all the fine elements that boost a successful development of such a site. The study range the publishing, technical, library, managing and legal aspects of construction.

  4. Constraining the Higgs portal with antiprotons

    CERN Document Server

    Urbano, Alfredo

    2014-01-01

    The scalar Higgs portal is a compelling model of dark matter (DM) in which a renormalizable coupling with the Higgs boson provides the connection between the visible world and the dark sector. In this paper we investigate the constraint placed on the parameter space of this model by the antiproton data. Due to the fact that the antiproton-to-proton ratio has relative less systematic uncertainties than the antiproton absolute flux, we propose and explore the possibility to combine all the available $\\bar{p}/p$ data. Following this approach, we are able to obtain stronger limits if compared with the existing literature. In particular, we show that most of the parameter space close to the Higgs resonance is ruled out by our analysis. Furthermore, by studying the reach of the future AMS-02 antiproton and antideuteron data, we argue that a DM mass of $\\mathcal{O}(150)$ GeV offers a promising discovery potential. The method of combining all the antiproton-to-proton ratio data proposed in this paper is quite general...

  5. DESM: portal for microbial knowledge exploration systems

    KAUST Repository

    Salhi, Adil

    2015-11-05

    Microorganisms produce an enormous variety of chemical compounds. It is of general interest for microbiology and biotechnology researchers to have means to explore information about molecular and genetic basis of functioning of different microorganisms and their ability for bioproduction. To enable such exploration, we compiled 45 topic-specific knowledgebases (KBs) accessible through DESM portal (www.cbrc.kaust.edu.sa/desm). The KBs contain information derived through text-mining of PubMed information and complemented by information data-mined from various other resources (e.g. ChEBI, Entrez Gene, GO, KOBAS, KEGG, UniPathways, BioGrid). All PubMed records were indexed using 4 538 278 concepts from 29 dictionaries, with 1 638 986 records utilized in KBs. Concepts used are normalized whenever possible. Most of the KBs focus on a particular type of microbial activity, such as production of biocatalysts or nutraceuticals. Others are focused on specific categories of microorganisms, e.g. streptomyces or cyanobacteria. KBs are all structured in a uniform manner and have a standardized user interface. Information exploration is enabled through various searches. Users can explore statistically most significant concepts or pairs of concepts, generate hypotheses, create interactive networks of associated concepts and export results. We believe DESM will be a useful complement to the existing resources to benefit microbiology and biotechnology research.

  6. Portal vein embolization for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindoh, Junichi; D Tzeng, Ching-Wei; Vauthey, Jean-Nicolas

    2012-11-01

    Portal vein embolization (PVE) improves the safety of major hepatectomy through hypertrophy of the future liver remnant (FLR), atrophy of the liver volume to be resected, and improvement in patient selection. Because most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have liver parenchymal injury due to underlying viral hepatitis or alcoholic liver fibrosis/cirrhosis, indication of PVE is relatively complex and sequential procedures, including transarterial chemoembolization, are required to maximize the effect of PVE as well as to minimize tumor progression due to increased arterial flow after PVE. PVE is currently indicated for patients with relatively well-preserved hepatic function [Child-Pugh A and indocyanine green tolerance test (ICG-R15) 40% is the minimal requirement for patients with chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis, and further strict criteria (FLR volume >50%) have been recommended for patients with marginal liver functional reserve (ICG-R15, 10-20%). Recent clinical results have suggested that PVE can be safely performed in patients with HCC and that it contributes to improved survival after major hepatectomy.

  7. Combating the counterfeits with web portal technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ting, S. L.; Ip, W. H.

    2015-10-01

    Due to the globalisation of counterfeiting activities, the penetration of fake products in open market is growing. So far, the technologies to combat counterfeiting are mostly applied to high-value products (e.g. premium wine and branded handbags); however, in the medium- and low-value products' perspective, there is no secure way for consumers to identify whether the purchased items are genuine or not. To address the counterfeiting problems effectively, a platform for identifying authenticated products and promoting anti-counterfeit activities is very important. The aim of this paper is to design and develop an anti-counterfeit platform which includes two functions: providing customers a secure network to ascertain the genuineness of their purchased product and increasing public awareness of the current counterfeit problems and updated anti-counterfeit solutions. By combining these two functions, it enables public to fight against fake and beware of counterfeit. Results of adopting portal technology in anti-counterfeiting show high accuracy in product checking and improved creditability. This reveals that the applicability and advantage of the proposed methodology are satisfactory.

  8. Higgs portal valleys, stability and inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Ballesteros, Guillermo

    2015-01-01

    The measured values of the Higgs and top quark masses imply that the Standard Model potential is very likely to be unstable at large Higgs values. This is particularly problematic during inflation, which sources large perturbations of the Higgs. The instability could be cured by a threshold effect induced by a scalar with a large vacuum expectation value and directly connected to the Standard Model through a Higgs portal coupling. However, we find that in a minimal model in which the scalar generates inflation, this mechanism does not stabilize the potential because the mass required for inflation is beyond the instability scale. This conclusion does not change if the Higgs has a direct weak coupling to the scalar curvature. On the other hand, if the potential is absolutely stable, successful inflation in agreement with current CMB data can occur along a valley of the potential with a Mexican hat profile. We revisit the stability conditions, independently of inflation, and clarify that the threshold effect ca...

  9. Knowledge portal for Six Sigma DMAIC process

    Science.gov (United States)

    ThanhDat, N.; Claudiu, K. V.; Zobia, R.; Lobont, Lucian

    2016-08-01

    Knowledge plays a crucial role in success of DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analysis, Improve, and Control) execution. It is therefore necessary to share and renew the knowledge. Yet, one problem arising is how to create a place where knowledge are collected and shared effectively. We believe that Knowledge Portal (KP) is an important solution for the problem. In this article, the works concerning with requirements and functionalities for KP are first reviewed. Afterwards, a procedure with necessary tools to develop and implement a KP for DMAIC (KPD) is proposed. Particularly, KPD is built on the basis of free and open-source content and learning management systems, and Ontology Engineering. In order to structure and store knowledge, tools such as Protégé, OWL, as well as OWL-RDF Parsers are used. A Knowledge Reasoner module is developed in PHP language, ARC2, MySQL and SPARQL endpoint for the purpose of querying and inferring knowledge available from Ontologies. In order to validate the availability of the procedure, a KPD is built with the proposed functionalities and tools. The authors find that the KPD benefits an organization in constructing Web sites by itself with simple steps of implementation and low initial costs. It creates a space of knowledge exchange and supports effectively collecting DMAIC reports as well as sharing knowledge created. The authors’ evaluation result shows that DMAIC knowledge is found exactly with a high success rate and a good level of response time of queries.

  10. Rapamycin ameliorates inflammation and fibrosis in the early phase of cirrhotic portal hypertension in rats through inhibition of mTORC1 but not mTORC2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijie Wang

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs transdifferentiation and subsequent inflammation are important pathological processes involved in the formation of cirrhotic portal hypertension. This study characterizes the pathogenetic mechanisms leading to cholestatic liver fibrosis and portal hypertension, and focuses on mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR pathway as a potential modulator in the early phase of cirrhotic portal hypertension. METHODS: Early cirrhotic portal hypertension was induced by bile duct ligation (BDL for three weeks. One week after operation, sham-operated (SHAM and BDL rats received rapamycin (2 mg/kg/day by intraperitoneal injection for fourteen days. Vehicle-treated SHAM and BDL rats served as controls. Fibrosis, inflammation, and portal pressure were evaluated by histology, morphometry, and hemodynamics. Expressions of pro-fibrogenic and pro-inflammatory genes in liver were measured by RT-PCR; alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA and antigen Ki67 were detected by immunohistochemistry; expressions of AKT/mTOR signaling molecules, extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β were assessed by western blot. RESULTS: The AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was markedly activated in the early phase of cirrhotic portal hypertension induced by BDL in rats. mTOR blockade by rapamycin profoundly improved liver function by limiting inflammation, fibrosis and portal pressure. Rapamycin significantly inhibited the expressions of phosphorylated 70KD ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p-P70S6K and phosphorylated ribosomal protein S6 (p-S6 but not p-AKT Ser473 relative to their total proteins in BDL-Ra rats. Those results suggested that mTOR Complex 1 (mTORC1 rather than mTORC2 was inhibited by rapamycin. Interestingly, we also found that the level of p-ERK1/2 to ERK1/2 was significantly increased in BDL rats, which was little affected by rapamycin. CONCLUSIONS: The AKT/mTOR signaling pathway played an important

  11. IOOS Data Portals and Uniform On-line Browse Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, M.; Currier, R. D.; Kobara, S.; Gayanilo, F.

    2015-12-01

    The Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System Regional Association (GCOOS-RA) is one of eleven Regional Associations organized under the NOAA-led U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office. Each of the RAs operate standards-based regional data portals designed to aggregate near real-time and historical observed data and modeled outputs from distributed providers and to offer these and derived products in standardized ways to a diverse set of users. The RA's portals are based on the IOOS Data and Communications Plan which describes the functional elements needed for an interoperable system. One of these elements is called "Uniform On-line Browse" which is an informational service designed primarily to visualize the inventory of a portal. An on-line browse service supports the end user's need to discover what parameters are available, to learn the spatial and temporal extend of the holdings, and to examine the character of the data (e.g, variability, gappiness, etc). These pieces of information help the end user decide if the data are fit for his/her purpose and to construct valid data requests. Note that on-line browse is a distinctly different activity than data analysis because it seeks to yield knowledge about the inventory and not about what the data mean. "Uniform" on-line browse is a service that takes advantage of the standardization of the data portal's data access points. Most portals represent station locations on a map. This is a view of the data inventory but these plots are rarely generated by pulling data through the standards-based services offered to the end users but through methods only available to the portal programmers. This work will present results of Uniform On-line browse tools developed within GCOOS-RA and their applicability to other RA portals.

  12. Denoising portal images by means of wavelet techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez Lopez, Antonio Francisco

    Portal images are used in radiotherapy for the verification of patient positioning. The distinguishing feature of this image type lies in its formation process: the same beam used for patient treatment is used for image formation. The high energy of the photons used in radiotherapy strongly limits the quality of portal images: Low contrast between tissues, low spatial resolution and low signal to noise ratio. This Thesis studies the enhancement of these images, in particular denoising of portal images. The statistical properties of portal images and noise are studied: power spectra, statistical dependencies between image and noise and marginal, joint and conditional distributions in the wavelet domain. Later, various denoising methods are applied to noisy portal images. Methods operating in the wavelet domain are the basis of this Thesis. In addition, the Wiener filter and the non local means filter (NLM), operating in the image domain, are used as a reference. Other topics studied in this Thesis are spatial resolution, wavelet processing and image processing in dosimetry in radiotherapy. In this regard, the spatial resolution of portal imaging systems is studied; a new method for determining the spatial resolution of the imaging equipments in digital radiology is presented; the calculation of the power spectrum in the wavelet domain is studied; reducing uncertainty in film dosimetry is investigated; a method for the dosimetry of small radiation fields with radiochromic film is presented; the optimal signal resolution is determined, as a function of the noise level and the quantization step, in the digitization process of films and the useful optical density range is set, as a function of the required uncertainty level, for a densitometric system. Marginal distributions of portal images are similar to those of natural images. This also applies to the statistical relationships between wavelet coefficients, intra-band and inter-band. These facts result in a better

  13. The highly accurate anteriolateral portal for injecting the knee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chavez-Chiang Colbert E

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The extended knee lateral midpatellar portal for intraarticular injection of the knee is accurate but is not practical for all patients. We hypothesized that a modified anteriolateral portal where the synovial membrane of the medial femoral condyle is the target would be highly accurate and effective for intraarticular injection of the knee. Methods 83 subjects with non-effusive osteoarthritis of the knee were randomized to intraarticular injection using the modified anteriolateral bent knee versus the standard lateral midpatellar portal. After hydrodissection of the synovial membrane with lidocaine using a mechanical syringe (reciprocating procedure device, 80 mg of triamcinolone acetonide were injected into the knee with a 2.0-in (5.1-cm 21-gauge needle. Baseline pain, procedural pain, and pain at outcome (2 weeks and 6 months were determined with the 10 cm Visual Analogue Pain Score (VAS. The accuracy of needle placement was determined by sonographic imaging. Results The lateral midpatellar and anteriolateral portals resulted in equivalent clinical outcomes including procedural pain (VAS midpatellar: 4.6 ± 3.1 cm; anteriolateral: 4.8 ± 3.2 cm; p = 0.77, pain at outcome (VAS midpatellar: 2.6 ± 2.8 cm; anteriolateral: 1.7 ± 2.3 cm; p = 0.11, responders (midpatellar: 45%; anteriolateral: 56%; p = 0.33, duration of therapeutic effect (midpatellar: 3.9 ± 2.4 months; anteriolateral: 4.1 ± 2.2 months; p = 0.69, and time to next procedure (midpatellar: 7.3 ± 3.3 months; anteriolateral: 7.7 ± 3.7 months; p = 0.71. The anteriolateral portal was 97% accurate by real-time ultrasound imaging. Conclusion The modified anteriolateral bent knee portal is an effective, accurate, and equivalent alternative to the standard lateral midpatellar portal for intraarticular injection of the knee. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00651625

  14. submitter The Muon Portal Project: Design and construction of a scanning portal based on muon tomography

    CERN Document Server

    Antonuccio, V; Becciani, U; Bonanno, D L; Bonanno, G; Bongiovanni, D; Fallica, P G; Garozzo, S; Grillo, A; La Rocca, P; Leonora, E; Longhitano, F; Lo Presti, D; Marano, D; Parasole, O; Pugliatti, C; Randazzo, N; Riggi, F; Riggi, S; Romeo, G; Romeo, M; Russo, G V; Santagati, G; Timpanaro, M C; Valvo, G

    2016-01-01

    Cosmic ray tomography is a technique which exploits the multiple Coulomb scattering of highly penetrating cosmic ray-produced muons to perform non-destructive inspection of high-Z materials without the use of artificial radiation. A muon tomography detection system can be used as a portal monitor at border crossing points for detecting illegal targeted objects. The Muon Portal Project is a joint initiative between Italian research and industrial partners, aimed at the construction of a real size detector prototype $(6×3×7 m^3)$ for the inspection of cargo containers by the muon scattering technique. The detector consists of four XY tracking planes, two placed above and two below the container to be inspected. After a research and development phase, which led to the choice and test of the individual components, the construction and installation of the detection modules is almost completed. In this paper the present status of the Project is reported, focusing on the design and construction phase, as well as o...

  15. The Muon Portal Project: Design and construction of a scanning portal based on muon tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonuccio, V.; Bandieramonte, M.; Becciani, U.; Bonanno, D. L.; Bonanno, G.; Bongiovanni, D.; Fallica, P. G.; Garozzo, S.; Grillo, A.; La Rocca, P.; Leonora, E.; Longhitano, F.; Lo Presti, D.; Marano, D.; Parasole, O.; Pugliatti, C.; Randazzo, N.; Riggi, F.; Riggi, S.; Romeo, G.; Romeo, M.; Russo, G. V.; Santagati, G.; Timpanaro, M. C.; Valvo, G.

    2017-02-01

    Cosmic ray tomography is a technique which exploits the multiple Coulomb scattering of highly penetrating cosmic ray-produced muons to perform non-destructive inspection of high-Z materials without the use of artificial radiation. A muon tomography detection system can be used as a portal monitor at border crossing points for detecting illegal targeted objects. The Muon Portal Project is a joint initiative between Italian research and industrial partners, aimed at the construction of a real size detector prototype (6×3×7 m3) for the inspection of cargo containers by the muon scattering technique. The detector consists of four XY tracking planes, two placed above and two below the container to be inspected. After a research and development phase, which led to the choice and test of the individual components, the construction and installation of the detection modules is almost completed. In this paper the present status of the Project is reported, focusing on the design and construction phase, as well as on the preliminary results obtained with the first detection planes.

  16. Accessing IceBridge Data Products - The OIB Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, S.; Oldenburg, J.; Collins, J. A.; Lewis, S.; Schaffer, F.

    2013-12-01

    NASA's Operation IceBridge mission both collects and makes available airborne remote sensing measurements over the polar regions to bridge the gap between NASA's Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation satellite (ICESat) mission and the upcoming ICESat-2 mission in 2016. The flight paths are carefully chosen areas of scientific interest, and the diverse set of instruments aboard each flight provide a more robust and thorough set of measurements than can satellite-based sensors. Instruments currently in use gather data on ice and snow thickness, bedrock topography, high-resolution photography, and other scientific properties. Shortly after collection, the data are transferred to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) for permanent storage and free, public access. At NSIDC, the data are organized with detailed metadata and made available through several avenues. The primary point of access for IceBridge data is the IceBridge Data Portal, located at http://nsidc.org/icebridge/portal/. This data portal allows users to both quickly find data that they seek or just peruse the available data holdings through the user interface. Ease of use is a top priority in the portal development to allow the user to concentrate on the science behind the data instead of how to navigate the website. Past development of the portal has focused on clarity of data presentation and access to the data itself. Current and planned development will see substantial additions to the filtering options, navigational tools, and visualization capabilities. Metadata are heavily relied upon to drive the data organization and access at NSIDC, particularly in the IceBridge Data Portal. The Portal's interactive maps of the polar regions allow users to search for data geographically. A user may also see how data at a specific location change over time using the Portal's temporal filters. In addition, the IceBridge flights themselves are searchable if a user is looking for data from a specific instrument

  17. WWW portal usage analysis using genetic algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ondřej Popelka

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a new method suitable for advanced analysis of web portal visits. This is part of retrieving information and knowledge from web usage data (web usage mining. Such information is necessary in order to gain better insight into visitor’s needs and generally consumer behaviour. By le­ve­ra­ging this information a company can optimize the organization of its internet presentations and offer a better end-user experience. The proposed approach is using Grammatical evolution which is computational method based on genetic algorithms. Grammatical evolution is using a context-free grammar in order to generate the solution in arbitrary reusable form. This allows us to describe visitors’ behaviour in different manners depending on desired further processing. In this article we use description with a procedural programming language. Web server access log files are used as source data.The extraction of behaviour patterns can currently be solved using statistical analysis – specifically sequential analysis based methods. Our objective is to develop an alternative algorithm.The article further describes the basic algorithms of two-level grammatical evolution; this involves basic Grammatical Evolution and Differential Evolution, which forms the second phase of the computation. Grammatical evolution is used to generate the basic structure of the solution – in form of a part of application code. Differential evolution is used to find optimal parameters for this solution – the specific pages visited by a random visitor. The grammar used to conduct experiments is described along with explanations of the links to the actual implementation of the algorithm. Furthermore the fitness function is described and reasons which yield to its’ current shape. Finally the process of analyzing and filtering the raw input data is described as it is vital part in obtaining reasonable results.

  18. Research advances in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Bojing

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Although liver cirrhosis is the most common cause of portal hypertension (PH, about 20% of PH cases are caused by non-cirrhotic reasons, which are referred to as non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH, with a high incidence rate in developing countries. NCPH is a group of heterogeneous hepatic vascular diseases, including idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH and extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO, as well as the rare diseases in clinical practice such as Budd-Chiari syndrome, congenital hepatic fibrosis, and nodular regenerative hyperplasia. The patients with NCPH usually have the symptoms of portal hypertension, such as recurrent variceal bleeding and splenomegaly, but liver function is well preserved in these patients. At present, the diagnosis of NCPH lacks a universally accepted standard and remains a challenge. In clinical practice, the method of exclusion is usually applied for the diagnosis of HCPH, and liver biopsy is performed when necessary to make a confirmed diagnosis. This paper introduces the pathogenesis and pathological manifestations of IPH and EHPVO, as well as the selection of diagnostic methods and therapeutic strategies. If upper gastrointestinal bleeding can be effectively controlled, NCPH is considered to have a relatively good prognosis.

  19. IMPROVEMENT OF SCHISTOSOMAL PORTAL HYPERTENSIVE COLOPATHY AFTER SURGICAL TREATMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angelina Carvalho MIRANDA

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Context Data on vascular alterations in patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis and portal hypertensive colopathy and changes in these after surgery to decrease portal hypertension are limited. Objective The purpose of this study was to analyse the alterations of portal hypertensive colopathy previously and 6-12 months after splenectomy and gastric devascularization. Methods Twelve patients with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis who also had upper gastrointestinal bleeding were studied prospectively. Their endoscopic findings before and 6-12 months after the surgery were analysed. In addition, mucosal biopsies from ascending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum at these time points were subjected to histological and histomorphometric assessment. It was used a control group due to lack of normal pattern of the histomorphometric measures of vessels in individuals without portal hypertension. The critical level of significance adopted in all tests was of a maximum probability error of 5%. Results Surgery did not lead to significant improvement in histological and endoscopic findings. However, on histomorphometry, there was a significant decrease in the area, diameter and thickness of the vessels in mucosa at all colonic sites. Conclusion Surgery for decompression of schistosomal portal hypertension has a beneficial effect on the associated colopathy, being best indicated in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding and esophageal varices.

  20. Climate Outreach Using Regional Coastal Ocean Observing System Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, D. M.; Hernandez, D. L.; Wakely, A.; Bochenek, R. J.; Bickel, A.

    2015-12-01

    Coastal oceans are dynamic, changing environments affected by processes ranging from seconds to millennia. On the east and west coast of the U.S., regional observing systems have deployed and sustained a remarkable diverse array of observing tools and sensors. Data portals visualize and provide access to real-time sensor networks. Portals have emerged as an interactive tool for educators to help students explore and understand climate. Bringing data portals to outreach events, into classrooms, and onto tablets and smartphones enables educators to address topics and phenomena happening right now. For example at the 2015 Charleston Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM) Festival, visitors navigated the SECOORA (Southeast Coastal Ocean Observing regional Association) data portal to view the real-time marine meteorological conditions off South Carolina. Map-based entry points provide an intuitive interface for most students, an array of time series and other visualizations depict many of the essential principles of climate science manifest in the coastal zone, and data down-load/ extract options provide access to the data and documentation for further inquiry by advanced users. Beyond the exposition of climate principles, the portal experience reveals remarkable technologies in action and shows how the observing system is enabled by the activity of many different partners.

  1. Interobserver variability of ultrasound parameters in portal hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Moreno Sebastianes

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess interobserver agreement of ultrasound parameters for portal hypertension in hepatosplenic mansonic schistosomiasis. Spleen size, diameter of the portal, splenic and superior mesenteric veins and presence of thrombosis and cavernous transformation were determined by three radiologists in blinded and independent fashion in 30 patients. Interobserver agreement was measured by the kappa index and intraclass correlation coefficient. Interobserver agreement was considered substantial (κ = 0.714-0.795 for portal vein thrombosis and perfect (κ = 1 for cavernous transformation. Interobserver agreement measured by the intraclass correlation coefficient was excellent for longitudinal diameter of the spleen (r = 0.828-0.869 and splenic index (r = 0.816-0.905 and varied from fair to almost perfect for diameter of the portal (r = 0.622-0.675, splenic (r = 0.573-0.913 and superior mesenteric (r = 0.525-0.607 veins. According to the results, ultrasound is a highly reproducible method for the main morphological parameters of portal hypertension in schistosomiasis patients.

  2. PORTAL VEIN EMBOLIZATION USING AN ADAPTED HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY CATHETER

    Science.gov (United States)

    STEINBRÜCK, Klaus; ALVES, Jefferson; FERNANDES, Reinaldo; ENNE, Marcelo; PACHECO-MOREIRA, Lúcio Filgueiras

    2014-01-01

    Background Portal vein embolization is an accepted procedure that provides hypertrophy of the future remnant liver in order to reduce post-hepatectomy complications. Aim To present a series submitted to portal vein embolization using an adapted hysterosalpingography catheter via transileocolic route. Methods Were performed right portal branch embolization in 19 patients using hysterosalpingography catheter. For embolizing the vessel, was used Gelfoam® powder with absolute alcohol solution. Indications for hepatectomy were colorectal liver metastases in all cases. Results An adequate growth of the future remnant liver was achieved in 15 patients (78.9%) and second time hepatectomy could be done in 14 (73.7%). In one patient (5.2%), tumor progression prevented surgery. One patient presented acute renal failure after portal embolization. Conclusions The hysterosalpingography catheter is easy to handle and can be introduced into the portal vein with a wire guide. There were no major post-embolization complication. Its use is safe, cheap and effective. PMID:25184773

  3. Electric Vehicle Charging Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Grahn, Pia

    2014-01-01

    With an electrified passenger transportation fleet, carbon dioxide emissions could be reduced significantly depending on the electric power production mix. Increased electric power consumption due to electric vehicle charging demands of electric vehicle fleets may be met by increased amount of renewable power production in the electrical systems. With electric vehicle fleets in the transportation system there is a need for establishing an electric vehicle charging infrastructure that distribu...

  4. Electric Vehicle Technician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Pam

    2011-01-01

    With President Obama's goal to have one million electric vehicles (EV) on the road by 2015, the electric vehicle technician should have a promising and busy future. "The job force in the car industry is ramping up for a revitalized green car industry," according to Greencareersguide.com. An electric vehicle technician will safely troubleshoot and…

  5. Road-rail vehicle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, J.J.M.

    2002-01-01

    A transport vehicle equipped with a number of first wheel sets, having wheels provided with tires, to which steering means and driving means, if any, are coupled to enable the transport vehicle to be moved over a road surface. The transport vehicle further comprises at least one second wheel set, ha

  6. Electric vehicles: Driving range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempton, Willett

    2016-09-01

    For uptake of electric vehicles to increase, consumers' driving-range needs must be fulfilled. Analysis of the driving patterns of personal vehicles in the US now shows that today's electric vehicles can meet all travel needs on almost 90% of days from a single overnight charge.

  7. Vehicle chassis monitoring system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pisu, P.; Soliman, A.; Rizzoni, G. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States). Center for Automotive Research

    2001-07-01

    Fault detection and isolation is becoming one of the most important aspects in vehicle control system design. In order to achieve this FDI schemes, particular vehicle subsystems integrated with a controller have been proposed. This paper introduces a new model-based fault detection and fault diagnosis method for monitoring the vehicle chassis performance. (orig.)

  8. Electric Vehicle Technician

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Pam

    2011-01-01

    With President Obama's goal to have one million electric vehicles (EV) on the road by 2015, the electric vehicle technician should have a promising and busy future. "The job force in the car industry is ramping up for a revitalized green car industry," according to Greencareersguide.com. An electric vehicle technician will safely troubleshoot and…

  9. Automotive vehicle sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheen, S.H.; Raptis, A.C.; Moscynski, M.J.

    1995-09-01

    This report is an introduction to the field of automotive vehicle sensors. It contains a prototype data base for companies working in automotive vehicle sensors, as well as a prototype data base for automotive vehicle sensors. A market analysis is also included.

  10. Meaningful use and the patient portal: patient enrollment, use, and satisfaction with patient portals at a later-adopting center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuner, Joan; Fedders, Megan; Caravella, Mary; Bradford, Lisa; Schapira, Marilyn

    2015-01-01

    Many physicians are adopting patient portals in response to governmental incentives for meaningful use (MU), but the stage 2 requirements for portal use may be particularly challenging for newer electronic health record (EHR) users. This study examined enrollment, use based on MU requirements, and satisfaction in a recently adopting fee-for-service multispecialty system. Between 2010 and 2012, overall portal enrollment increased from 13.2% to 23.1% but varied substantially by physician specialty. In 2013, more than 97% of physicians would have met requirements for a stage 2 MU utilization measure requiring that patients download personal health information, but only 38% of all physicians (87% of primary care physicians [PCPs] and 37% of other specialists) would have met e-mail requirements. Satisfaction with the portal overall and with portal-based e-mails was high. These results suggest that later-adopting PCPs can succeed in providing satisfactory record and e-mail access but specialists may find reaching e-mail thresholds more difficult.

  11. Idiopathic non-cirrhotic intrahepatic portal hypertension: common cause of cryptogenic intrahepatic portal hypertension in a Southern Indian tertiary hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhu, Kadiyala; Avinash, Balekuduru; Ramakrishna, Banumathi; Eapen, C E; Shyamkumar, N K; Zachariah, Uday; Chandy, George; Kurian, George

    2009-01-01

    Patients with intrahepatic portal hypertension and negative etiological work-up for liver disease are often labeled as having cryptogenic cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate causes of liver disease in patients with unexplained intrahepatic portal hypertension. We retrospectively analyzed cause of liver disease in all patients with cryptogenic intrahepatic portal hypertension who underwent liver biopsies between June 2005 to June 2007 in our center. Five hundred and seventeen patients underwent liver biopsies of whom 227 had portal hypertension. Of these, the cause of liver disease could not be detected prior to liver biopsy in 62 patients. Causes of liver disease identified after liver biopsy in these 62 patients were: idiopathic non-cirrhotic intrahepatic portal hypertension (NCIPH) (30 patients, 48%), cirrhosis (14), fatty liver disease (7) and other causes (11). Initial presentations in idiopathic NCIPH patients were splenomegaly and anemia (18 patients), variceal bleed (9) and ascites (3). Median age (range) of patients at first presentation was 32 (15-57) years, and 19 were male. Majority (90%) were in Child's class A. Hepatic vein pressure gradient was <5 mmHg in 2 of 7 NCIPH patients tested. We identified 30 patients with idiopathic NCIPH at our center over the 2 year study period. The clinical presentation and investigations of NCIPH closely mimic cryptogenic cirrhosis. Idiopathic NCIPH should be considered as a differential diagnosis of cryptogenic cirrhosis in India.

  12. MedlinePlus Connect: Linking Patient Portals and Electronic Health Records to Health Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Patient portals, patient health record (PHR) systems, and electronic health record (EHR) systems can use MedlinePlus Connect to provide ... patient portal, patient health record (PHR) system, or electronic health record (EHR) system sends a problem, medication, or lab ...

  13. Usability evaluation of the South African National Accessibility Portal interactive voice response system

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Greeff, M

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the most prominent problems that persons with disabilities face in South Africa, is access to relevant disability related information. To address this need the South African National Accessibility Portal (NAP Portal) was developed...

  14. An empirical analysis of ontology reuse in BioPortal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochs, Christopher; Perl, Yehoshua; Geller, James; Arabandi, Sivaram; Tudorache, Tania; Musen, Mark A

    2017-07-01

    Biomedical ontologies often reuse content (i.e., classes and properties) from other ontologies. Content reuse enables a consistent representation of a domain and reusing content can save an ontology author significant time and effort. Prior studies have investigated the existence of reused terms among the ontologies in the NCBO BioPortal, but as of yet there has not been a study investigating how the ontologies in BioPortal utilize reused content in the modeling of their own content. In this study we investigate how 355 ontologies hosted in the NCBO BioPortal reuse content from other ontologies for the purposes of creating new ontology content. We identified 197 ontologies that reuse content. Among these ontologies, 108 utilize reused classes in the modeling of their own classes and 116 utilize reused properties in class restrictions. Current utilization of reuse and quality issues related to reuse are discussed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Selection and Outcome of Portal Vein Resection in Pancreatic Cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakao, Akimasa [Department of Surgery II, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan)

    2010-11-24

    Pancreatic cancer has the worst prognosis of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. Five-year survival of pancreatic cancer after pancreatectomy is very low, and surgical resection is the only option to cure this dismal disease. The standard surgical procedure is pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic head cancer. The morbidity and especially the mortality of PD have been greatly reduced. Portal vein resection in pancreatic cancer surgery is one attempt to increase resectability and radicality, and the procedure has become safe to perform. Clinicohistopathological studies have shown that the most important indication for portal vein resection in patients with pancreatic cancer is the ability to obtain cancer-free surgical margins. Otherwise, portal vein resection is contraindicated.

  16. Pancreatic laceration and portal vein thrombosis in blunt trauma abdomen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rastogi Rajul

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Injuries to the pancreas by blunt trauma are uncommon. The association of pancreatic injury with acute portal vein thrombosis secondary to blunt trauma abdomen is furthermore rare. The early diagnosis of the pancreas with injury to the portal vein is challenging and difficult. These injuries are associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly if the diagnosis is delayed. Accurate and early diagnosis is therefore imperative and computed tomography plays a key role in detection. We present a case of child with a rare combination of pancreatic laceration and acute portal vein thrombosis following a blunt trauma to the abdomen. With extensive literature search we found no such cases has been described previously.

  17. Portal Annular Pancreas: A Rare and Overlooked Anomaly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittal, Puneet; Gupta, Ranjana; Mittal, Amit; Ahmed, Arshad

    2017-01-01

    Summary Background Portal annular pancreas is a rare pancreatic developmental anomaly which is often overlooked at imaging, and often diagnosed retrospectively when it is detected incidentally at the time of surgery. Although the anomaly itself is asymptomatic, it becomes important in cases where pancreatic resection/anastomosis is planned, because of varying ductal anatomy, risk of ductal injury and increased risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula formation. Case Report We present imaging findings in a case of portal annular pancreas in a 45-year-old male patient. Conclusions Portal annular pancreas is a rare and often neglected pancreatic anomaly due to a lack of awareness of this entity. With the advent of MDCT and MRI, accurate preoperative diagnosis of this condition is possible.

  18. TIPS performed in a patient with complete portal vein thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwani Kumar Sharma, MD

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis is common in cirrhotic patients and results in increased morbidity and mortality. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS creation is a well-established therapy for refractory variceal bleeding and refractory ascites in patients who do not tolerate repeated large volume paracentesis. Experience and technical improvements have led to improved TIPS outcomes that have encouraged an expanded application. Complete portal vein thrombosis has come a long way from being a contraindication to an indication for TIPS procedure. As experience and technology have evolved, the ultrasound guidance transvenous access of portal vein from the hepatic vein help in overall higher success rate of performing the TIPS procedure and reducing the procedure-related complications.

  19. Uterine myomatosis and portal vein thrombosis: a rare association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elamurugan Sujindra

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Uterine leiomyomas are the most common pelvic tumors in women and occur in 20 and ndash;30% of women over 30 years of age. Many complications are seen with fibroid. We report a rare case of a large uterine leiomyoma associated with portal vein thrombosis. 50-year patient presented lower abdomen swelling associated with pain and breathlessness, diagnosed as multiple fibroids. She had massive splenomegaly. Abdomen Doppler revealed splenomegaly with thrombosis of portal, splenic and superior mesenteric vein. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was done. Iron deficiency anaemia with thrombocytosis caused by fibroid was the identified cause for portal vein thrombosis. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3265-3267

  20. Clinicopathological Features and Treatment of Ectopic Varices with Portal Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Sato

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Bleeding from ectopic varices, which is rare in patients with portal hypertension, is generally massive and life-threatening. Forty-three patients were hospitalized in our ward for gastrointestinal bleeding from ectopic varices. The frequency of ectopic varices was 43/1218 (3.5% among portal hypertensive patients in our ward. The locations of the ectopic varices were rectal in thirty-two, duodenal in three, intestinal in two, vesical in three, stomal in one, and colonic in two patients. Endoscopic or interventional radiologic treatment was performed successfully for ectopic varices. Hemorrhage from ectopic varices should be kept in mind in patients with portal hypertension presenting with lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

  1. Sun One Portal Server体系架构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇泉

    2003-01-01

    目前,门户市场上存在着国内外多种多样的产品,本文主要介绍Sun公司的Sun ONE Portal Servero Sun ONE Portal Server到目前为止,在全球拥有400多个客户,分布于金融、电信、政府、汽车、制造、教育等行业。Sun ONE Portal Server是Sun ONE的重要组成部分。首先,让我们来看看Sun ONE(Sun Open Net Environment)的

  2. Gastrointestinal motor function in patients with portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jan Lysgård; Brinch, K; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Existing data on gastric emptying and small-intestinal transit rates in portal-hypertensive patients are scarce and contradictory, and so far, the motor function of the colon has not been assessed in these patients. In this study we evaluated the propulsive effect of all main segments...... of the gastrointestinal tract in patients with well-characterized portal hypertension. METHODS: Eight patients with a postsinusoidal hepatic pressure gradient of at least 13 mmHg and eight age- and sex-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Gastric emptying, small-intestinal transit, and colonic transit...... the test meal between patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the colonic transit is often accelerated in patients with portal hypertension, whereas the motor function of the stomach and the small intestine is unaffected....

  3. Los portales educativos como fuente de recursos materiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Gértrudix Barrio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Los portales educativos por sus características como “distribuidores” de información y “almacenes” de recursos, constituyen para la escuela actual un soporte ideal y eficiente de información relacionado con el mundo educativo. Por otro lado, los portales temáticos educativos, como referente específico de una materia, suponen la plataforma ideal en el que los miembros de un colectivo (profesores, maestros, educadores y familias puedan establecer un punto de encuentro para participar, reflexionar, así como cooperar en la actividad docente incentivando nuevas formas de trabajo en el aula. En este sentido presentamos un ejemplo de portal temático educativo dedicado a la educación musical: MOS.

  4. Portal vein thrombosis; risk factors, clinical presentation and treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sogaard, Kirstine K; Astrup, Lone B; Vilstrup, Hendrik

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is increasingly frequently being diagnosed, but systematic descriptions of the natural history and clinical handling of the condition are sparse. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe risk factors, clinical presentation, complications...... and treatment of portal vein thrombosis in a single-centre. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients were identified in the electronic records from 1992 to 2005. All data were obtained from the patient records. RESULTS: One or more risk factors (e.g. prothrombotic disorder or abdominal inflammation) were present in 87......%. Symptoms were abdominalia, splenomegaly, fever, ascites, haematemesis, and weight loss. Abdominalia and fever occurred more frequently in patients with acute PVT. Frequent complications were splenomegaly, oesophageal- and gastric varices with or without bleeding, portal hypertensive gastropathy and ascites...

  5. Gastrointestinal motor function in patients with portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jan Lysgård; Brinch, K; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Existing data on gastric emptying and small-intestinal transit rates in portal-hypertensive patients are scarce and contradictory, and so far, the motor function of the colon has not been assessed in these patients. In this study we evaluated the propulsive effect of all main segments...... of the gastrointestinal tract in patients with well-characterized portal hypertension. METHODS: Eight patients with a postsinusoidal hepatic pressure gradient of at least 13 mmHg and eight age- and sex-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Gastric emptying, small-intestinal transit, and colonic transit...... the test meal between patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the colonic transit is often accelerated in patients with portal hypertension, whereas the motor function of the stomach and the small intestine is unaffected....

  6. El Parque Portal Bicentenario en Santiago de Chile / Portal Bicentennial Park in Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beach Lobos, Myriam;

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta los principios que orientaron el diseño del Parque Portal Bicentenario, un parque de 50 hás. que será el eje principal de la nueva urbanización “Ciudad Parque Bicentenario”, actualmente en construcción en los terrenos del ex aeropuerto de Los Cerrillos en Santiago de Chile.The following text was submitted to the Architecture Competition together with the project drawings. It presents the principles that leaded the design. The 123 acres park will be the main axis of a new urban development in Santiago “Ciudad Parque Bicentenario” at present under construction on the area occupied by the former Cerrillos Airport, Santiago de Chile.

  7. Increased angiogenesis in portal hypertensive rats: role of nitric oxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumanovski, L T; Battegay, E; Stumm, M; van der Kooij, M; Sieber, C C

    1999-04-01

    Systemic and especially splanchnic arterial vasodilation accompany chronic portal hypertension. Different soluble mediators causing this vasodilation have been proposed, the strongest evidence being for nitric oxide (NO). No data exist if structural vascular changes may partly account for this vasodilatory state. Here, we developed a new in vivo quantitative angiogenesis assay in the abdominal cavity and determined if: 1) portal hypertensive rats show increased angiogenesis; and 2) angiogenesis is altered by inhibiting NO formation. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation (PVL). Sham-operated rats served as controls (CON). During the index operation (day 0), a teflon ring filled with collagen I (Vitrogen 100) was sutured in the mesenteric cavity. After 16 days, rings were explanted, embedded in paraffin, and ingrown vessels counted using a morphometry system. The role of NO was tested by adding an antagonist of NO formation (Nomega-nitro-L-arginine [NNA], 3.3 mg/kg/d) into the drinking water. The mean number of ingrown vessels per implant was significantly higher in PVL rats compared with CON rats, i.e., 1,453 +/- 187 versus 888 +/- 116, respectively (P <.05; N = 5 per group). NNA significantly (P <.01) inhibited angiogenesis in PVL (202 +/- 124; N = 5) and in CON (174 +/- 25; N = 6) rats, respectively. In contrast, the beta-adrenergic blocker, propranolol, did not prevent angiogenesis either in PVL or CON rats in a separate set of experiments (data not shown). The conclusions drawn from this study are that: 1) rats with portal hypertension show increased angiogenesis; and 2) inhibition of NO formation significantly prevents angiogenesis in both PVL and CON rats. Therefore, splanchnic vasodilation in chronic portal hypertension may also be a result of structural changes.

  8. Integrating Thematic Web Portal Capabilities into the NASA Earthdata Web Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Minnie; Baynes, Kathleen E.; Huang, Thomas; McLaughlin, Brett

    2015-01-01

    This poster will present the process of integrating thematic web portal capabilities into the NASA Earth data web infrastructure, with examples from the Sea Level Change Portal. The Sea Level Change Portal will be a source of current NASA research, data and information regarding sea level change. The portal will provide sea level change information through articles, graphics, videos and animations, an interactive tool to view and access sea level change data and a dashboard showing sea level change indicators.

  9. Regional differences of reactivity to stimulants in the dog portal tree.

    OpenAIRE

    Fujii, K.; Fujiwara, M.; Kumada, K; Kurahashi, K; Usui, H.

    1987-01-01

    We studied the regional differences both of reactivity to various stimulants and of neurogenic responses elicited by transmural stimulation in the longitudinal and circular muscles of the truncal portal vein, mesenteric vein, splenic vein and gastric vein of the dog portal tree. Strong spontaneous activity appeared in the longitudinal muscle of the truncal portal vein (96% of preparations tested). Weak spontaneous activity sometimes appeared in the circular muscle of the truncal portal vein (...

  10. Effects of somatostatin on splanchnic hemodynamics in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Ye Zhu; Xi Sheng Leng; Dong Wang; Ru Yu Du

    2000-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB) is one of the most common complications of cirrhosis with portal hypertension. In recent years, great progress has been made in medicinal treatment. Somatostatin has been widely used in clinics, for it can effectively lower the portal venous pressure (PVP) with little side effect. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of somatostatin on portal venous pressue and splanchnic hemodynamics in patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

  11. Space vehicle chassis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Judd, Stephen; Dallmann, Nicholas; Seitz, Daniel; Martinez, John; Storms, Steven; Kestell, Gayle

    2017-07-18

    A modular space vehicle chassis may facilitate convenient access to internal components of the space vehicle. Each module may be removable from the others such that each module may be worked on individually. Multiple panels of at least one of the modules may swing open or otherwise be removable, exposing large portions of the internal components of the space vehicle. Such chassis architectures may reduce the time required for and difficulty of performing maintenance or modifications, may allow multiple space vehicles to take advantage of a common chassis design, and may further allow for highly customizable space vehicles.

  12. Drug company's consumer health portal encourages return visits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-07-01

    How do you get consumers to return to your site? For some health-site surfers, the offer of a portal where they can customize pages and store their own data may have so much appeal that they'll make it their home on the Web. But to really win their loyalty, a consumer portal has to offer a lot of features that will help them manage their health activities. A good example is My Health Zone, launched by pharmaceutical company Schering-Plough.

  13. Chylous ascites caused by acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Dong Eun; Chae, Kwon Mook

    2011-12-01

    Chylous ascites is defined as the accumulation of chyle in the peritoneum due to obstruction or rupture of the peritoneal or retroperitoneal lymphatic glands. Chylous ascites that arises from acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis is very rare. We report here on a case of chylous ascite that was caused by acute pancreatitis with portal vein thrombosis, in which the patient showed an impressive response to conservative therapy with total parenteral nutrition and octerotide. We also review the relevant literature about chylous ascites with particular reference to the management of this rare disease.

  14. License - CREATE portal | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available List Contact us CREATE portal License License to Use This Database Last updated : 2016/03/16 You may use thi...s database in compliance with the terms and conditions of the license described below. The license specifies the lice...nse terms regarding the use of this database and the requirements you must follow in using this database. The lice...ase as follows: CREATE portal © Hisashi Koga (Kazusa DNA Research Institute) licensed under CC Attribution-S...hare Alike 4.0 International is found here . With regard to this database, you are licensed to: freely acces

  15. Nonlinear dynamics of a flexible portal frame under support excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Paula, Aline Souza; Balthazar, José Manoel; Felix, Jorge Luis Palacios

    2012-11-01

    This paper presents a nonlinear dynamic analysis of a flexible portal frame subjected to support excitation, which is provided by an electro-dynamical shaker. The problem is reduced to a mathematical model of four degrees of freedom and the equations of motion are derived via Lagrangian formulation. The main goal of this study is to investigate the dynamic interactions between a flexible portal frame and a non-ideal support excitation. The numerical analysis shows a complex behavior of the system, which can be observed by phase spaces, Poincaŕ sections and bifurcation diagrams..

  16. TRANSTIBIAL VERSUS ANTEROMEDIAL PORTAL TECHNIQUES IN ACL RECONSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gabriel Betoni Guglielmetti

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Although the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL reconstruction are well documented in many studies, with good to excellent outcomes in most cases, some issues like tunnel positioning are still discussed and studied. Objective: To compare the objective and subjective clinical outcomes of ACL reconstruction using the transtibial and anteromedial portal techniques. Methods: Prospective randomized study of 80 patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by the same surgeon, with 40 patients operated by the transtibial technique and 40 by anteromedial portal technique. The patients, 34 in the transtibial group and 37 in the anteromedial portal group (nine dropouts, were reassessed during a 2-year follow-up period. The clinical assessment consisted of physical examination, KT-1000TM evaluation, Lysholm score, and objective and subjective International Knee Documentation Committee - IKDC scores. Results: Regarding the Lachman and pivot shift tests, we observed more cases of instability in the transtibial group, but with no statistical significance (p=0.300 and p=0.634, respectively. Regarding the anterior drawer test, the groups presented similar results (p=0.977. Regarding KT-1000TM evaluation, the mean results were 1.44 for the transtibial group and 1.23 for the anteromedial portal group, with no statistical significance (p=0.548. We separated the objective IKDC scores into two groups: Group 1, IKDC A, and Group 2, IKDC B, C, or D, with no statistical significance (p=0.208. Concerning the Lysholm score, the transtibial group had a mean score of 91.32, and the anteromedial portal group had a mean score of 92.81. The mean subjective IKDC scores were 90.65 for the transtibial group and 92.65 for the anteromedial portal group. Three re-ruptures were encountered in the transtibial group and three in the anteromedial portal group. Conclusions: There were no significant differences in the subjective and

  17. PORTAL SUPPLY TO CAUDATE LOBE AND QUADRATE LOBE OF LIVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maheswari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The precise knowledge of intra hepatic branching pattern of portal vein to caudate lobe and quadrate lobe is important for Gastroenterologist during hepatic segmental and subsegmental resection. The study was done in 47 adult human liver specimens. In this study methods like Manual dissection and Contrast study were used. During this study the portal branches to caudate l obe, Quadrate lobe and accessory branches to segment IV in addition to its branches were observed. The results were compared with previous studies

  18. Aligning Work Processes and the Adviser Portal Bank System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Jens Bæk; Lassen, Kristian Bisgaard

    2006-01-01

    The Adviser Portal (AP) is a new IT system for 15 Danish banks. The main goal of AP is to increase the efficiency and quality of bank advisers’ work. Re- quirements engineering for AP includes describing new work processes that must be supported by AP using a combination of: (1) prose and informal...... drawings; (2) The Adviser Portal (AP) is a new IT system for 15 Danish banks. The main goal of AP is to increase the efficiency and quality of bank advisers' work. Requirements engineering for AP includes describing new work processes that musty be supported by AP using a combination of: (1) prose...

  19. Seismic Response Analysis of Portal Water Injection Sheet Pile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yuanbin; GUO Haiyan; ZHANG Chunhui

    2007-01-01

    To further the study on the newly developed portal water injection sheet pile under static loads, in this paper, by adopting the nonlinear calculation module of FEM software ANSYS, a model for the interaction between the soil and the sheet piles is set up,and the seismic response analysis for this type of space-retaining structure is performed. The effects of the embedded depth and the distance between the front pile and the back pile on the dynamic characteristics of the portal water injection sheet pile are studied.

  20. Role of endoscopy in management of gastrointestinalcomplications of portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carmelo Luigiano; Giuseppe Iabichino; Antonino Judica; Clara Virgilio; Valentina Peta; Ludovico Abenavoli

    2015-01-01

    The management of patients with gastrointestinalcomplications of portal hypertension is often complexand challenging. The endoscopy plays an importantrole in the management of these patients. The role ofendoscopy is both diagnostic and interventional andin the last years the techniques have undergone arapid expansion with the advent of different and novelendoscopic modalities, with consequent improvementof investigation and treatment of these patients. Thechoice of best therapeutic strategy depends on manyfactors baseline disease, patient's clinical performanceand the timing when it is done if in emergency or aprophylactic approaches. In this review we evaluatethe endoscopic management of patients with thegastrointestinal complications of portal hypertension.

  1. Prognosis in patients with cirrhosis and mild portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ytting, Henriette; Møller, Søren; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    2006-01-01

    HVPG has been sparse. In this study, long-term survival and the risk of complications in mild portal hypertension were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients with cirrhosis and HVPG below 10 mmHg were included in the study. Data were collected from medical files and National Patient...... with that in the background population. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of complications in patients with mild portal hypertension is considerable, and guidelines for follow-up or medical prophylaxis are warranted. The risk of bleeding from oesophageal varices is low and bleeding-related deaths rare....

  2. Prognosis in patients with cirrhosis and mild portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ytting, Henriette; Møller, Søren; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    2006-01-01

    HVPG has been sparse. In this study, long-term survival and the risk of complications in mild portal hypertension were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients with cirrhosis and HVPG below 10 mmHg were included in the study. Data were collected from medical files and National Patient...... with that in the background population. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of complications in patients with mild portal hypertension is considerable, and guidelines for follow-up or medical prophylaxis are warranted. The risk of bleeding from oesophageal varices is low and bleeding-related deaths rare....

  3. Editor's welcome, PORTAL, Vol. 1, No. 1, January 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Welcome to the inaugural issue of PORTAL On behalf of the Executive Editorial Committee of PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies, it is a great pleasure to announce the virtual birth of this fully peer-reviewed journal under the auspices of UTSePress, the exciting new electronic publishing enterprise housed at the central library at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS, Australia. PORTAL itself is edited by staff from the Institute for International Studies, a dynamic research and teaching centre at UTS. The launch of PORTAL's inaugural issue will take place simultaneously in Sydney, Australia, and Guadalajara, México, on January 28 (Sydney / 27 (Guadalajara 2004. The trans-Pacific axial enabling this twin launch is emblematic of the many axes of dialogue that, it is to be hoped, will characterize the content and reception of this and future issues of Portal. We are grateful to the many people at the Center for Social Sciences and Humanities at la Universidad de Guadalajara, México, for their provision of the technologies and tequila that will facilitate Portal's digital launch in a different space and timezone to its 'homebirth' in Sydney, Australia. As PORTAL's 'Focus and Scope' statement indicates, the journal is dedicated to publishing scholarship by practitioners of-and dissenters from-international, regional, area, migration, and ethnic studies. PORTAL is also committed to providing a space for cultural producers interested in the internationalization of cultures. With these aims in mind we have conceived PORTAL as a "multidisciplinary venture," to use Michel Chaouli's words. That is, PORTAL signifies "a place where researchers [and cultural producers] are exposed to different ways of posing questions and proffering answers, without creating out of their differing disciplinary languages a common theoretical or methodological pidgin" (2003, p. 57. Our hope is that scholars working in the humanities

  4. Transsplenic portal vein reconstruction–transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in a patient with portal and splenic vein thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason T. Salsamendi, MD

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis (PVT is a potential complication of cirrhosis and can worsen outcomes after liver transplant (LT. Portal vein reconstruction–transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS can restore flow through the portal vein (PV and facilitate LT by avoiding complex vascular conduits. We present a case of transsplenic PVR-TIPS in the setting of complete PVT and splenic vein (SV thrombosis. The patient had a 3-year history of PVT complicated by abdominal pain, ascites, and paraesophageal varices. A SV tributary provided access to the main SV and was punctured percutaneously under ultrasound scan guidance. PV access, PV and SV venoplasty, and TIPS placement were successfully performed without complex techniques. The patient underwent LT with successful end-to-end anastomosis of the PVs. Our case suggests transsplenic PVR-TIPS to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional PVR-TIPS in patients with PVT and SV thrombosis.

  5. Transsplenic portal vein reconstruction-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in a patient with portal and splenic vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salsamendi, Jason T; Gortes, Francisco J; Shnayder, Michelle; Doshi, Mehul H; Fan, Ji; Narayanan, Govindarajan

    2016-09-01

    Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a potential complication of cirrhosis and can worsen outcomes after liver transplant (LT). Portal vein reconstruction-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS) can restore flow through the portal vein (PV) and facilitate LT by avoiding complex vascular conduits. We present a case of transsplenic PVR-TIPS in the setting of complete PVT and splenic vein (SV) thrombosis. The patient had a 3-year history of PVT complicated by abdominal pain, ascites, and paraesophageal varices. A SV tributary provided access to the main SV and was punctured percutaneously under ultrasound scan guidance. PV access, PV and SV venoplasty, and TIPS placement were successfully performed without complex techniques. The patient underwent LT with successful end-to-end anastomosis of the PVs. Our case suggests transsplenic PVR-TIPS to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional PVR-TIPS in patients with PVT and SV thrombosis.

  6. TIPS Placement via Combined Transjugular and Transhepatic Approach for Cavernous Portal Vein Occlusion: Targeted Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natanel Jourabchi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. We report a novel technique which aided recanalization of an occluded portal vein for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS creation in a patient with symptomatic portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation. Some have previously considered cavernous transformation a contraindication to TIPS. Case Presentation. 62-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis, portal vein thrombosis, portal hypertension and recurrent variceal bleeding presents with melena and hematemesis. The patient was severely anemic, hemodynamically unstable, and required emergent portal decompression. Attempts to recanalize the main portal vein using traditional transjugular access were unsuccessful. After percutaneous transhepatic right portal vein access and navigation of a wire through the occluded main portal vein, an angioplasty balloon was inflated at the desired site of shunt takeoff. The balloon was targeted and punctured from the transjugular approach, and a wire was passed into the portal system. TIPS placement then proceeded routinely. Conclusion. Although occlusion of the portal vein increases difficulty of performing TIPS, it should not be considered an absolute contraindication. We have described a method for recanalizing an occluded portal vein using a combined transhepatic and transjugular approach for TIPS. This approach may be useful to relieve portal hypertension in patients who fail endoscopic and/or surgical therapies.

  7. Extrahepatic Portal Hypertension following Liver Transplantation: a Rare but Challenging Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Malassagne

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reports our experience of 8 cases of extrahepatic portal hypertension after 273 orthotopic liver transplantations in 244 adult patients over a 10- year period. The main clinical feature was ascites, and the life-threatening complication was variceal bleeding. Extrahepatic portal hypertension was caused by portal vein stenosis in 6 patients, and left-sided portal hypertension in 2 patients after inadventent ligation of portal venous tributaries or portasystemic shunts. All patients with portal vein stenosis had complete relief of portal hypertension after percutaneous transhepatic venoplasty (n=4 or surgical reconstruction (n=2, after a median follow-up of 33 (range: 6–62 months. Of the 2 patients with left-sided portal hypertension, one died after splenectomy and one rebled 6 months after left colectomy. This study suggests that extrahepatic portal hypertension is a series complication after liver transplantation that could be prevented by meticulous portal anastomosis and closure of portal tributaries or portasystemic shunts to improve the portal venous flow. However, any ligation has to be performed under ultrasound guidance to avoid inadventent venous ligations.

  8. PORTAL-HYPERTENSION AS PRESENTING FEATURE OF A MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDER - DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPEUTIC DILEMMAS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MULLER, EW; DEWOLF, JTM; HAAGSMA, EB

    1993-01-01

    In some patients presenting with complications of portal hypertension, thrombosis of hepatic or portal veins is identified as the cause. Hepatic or portal vein thrombosis may be secondary to recognized etiologies like infection or malignancy. When no etiology for the thrombosis is found, it is

  9. An Effective Assessment of Knowledge Sharing and E-Learning Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanian, D. Venkata; Geetha, Angelina; Shankar, P.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, most of the companies have increasingly realized the importance of the knowledge sharing portal and E-Learning portals to provide competitive knowledge for their employees. The knowledge stored in these portals varies from technical, process and project knowledge functional or domain specific knowledge to face the competitiveness…

  10. PORTAL-HYPERTENSION AS PRESENTING FEATURE OF A MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDER - DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPEUTIC DILEMMAS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MULLER, EW; DEWOLF, JTM; HAAGSMA, EB

    1993-01-01

    In some patients presenting with complications of portal hypertension, thrombosis of hepatic or portal veins is identified as the cause. Hepatic or portal vein thrombosis may be secondary to recognized etiologies like infection or malignancy. When no etiology for the thrombosis is found, it is likel

  11. Quantitative Analysis of the Usage of the COSMOS Science Education Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sotiriou, Sofoklis; Bogner, Franz X.; Neofotistos, George

    2011-01-01

    A quantitative method of mapping the web usage of an innovative educational portal is applied to analyze the behaviour of users of the COSMOS Science Education Portal. The COSMOS Portal contains user-generated resources (that are uploaded by its users). It has been designed to support a science teacher's search, retrieval and access to both,…

  12. Advanced Vehicle and Power Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-29

    bases.) Qualifying advanced propulsion vehicles for this initiative are battery electric vehicles (BEV), hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), hybrid...hydraulic vehicles (HHV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). The AVPI integrates use of renewable energy at

  13. Cyberjournalism and Economic Portals specialized in finance / Ciberperiodismo y portales económicos especializados en finanzas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ddo. Sergio Mena Muñoz

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Specialized information portals on Internet is a common topic of debate, but the cybermedia that covers financial information on the Net is rarely discussed. The specificity of its contents and the public that is specifically focused to make these means differ significantly from other information portals specialized. In this paper, focused on reference sitios Intereconomía.com and Bloomberg.com, the method of comparative analysis has been a quantitative and qualitative twofold. It highlighted the fact that we present the results carried out by the research group "Cybermedia" of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. One of the main findings of the study is that, as it happens in other specialized media, these portals have a high degree of independence regarding its means of innovation. However, speaking in general terms, these two areas have more common than differentiating elements.Resumen: Se habla mucho de los portales de información especializada en internet, pero los cibermedios que cubren la información financiera en la red pasan muy desapercibidos. La propia naturaleza de sus contenidos y el público extremadamente concreto al que se dirige, hacen que estos medios se diferencien notablemente del resto de portales de información especializada. En esta investigación, centrada en los portales de referencia Intereconomía.com y Bloomberg.com, se ha seguido el método de análisis comparativo desde una doble vertiente cuantitativa y cualitativa. Resulta destacado el hecho de que la investigación se ha desarrollado dentro del grupo de investigación “Cybermedia” de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. El objetivo ha sido comprobar qué elementos del ciberperiodismo se dan en ambos sitios y cuáles no. Se han formulado preguntas sobre estas características agrupando sus coincidencias y sus diferencias.

  14. Coastal and Marine Geology Program video and photograph portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golden, Nadine E.; Ackerman, Seth D.

    2015-01-01

    This portal contains U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) video and photography of the seafloor off of coastal California and Massachusetts, and aerial imagery of the coastline along segments of the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic coasts. These data were collected as part of several USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program Seafloor Mapping projects and Hurricane and Extreme Storm research.

  15. Advanced Design of Semantic Web Portal: ODESeW2

    OpenAIRE

    López-Cima, A.; Gómez-Pérez, A.

    2004-01-01

    This poster presents a rapid web application development framework to build semantic por-tals. This framework is composed of reusable views of semantic information, ontology views and an intelligent controller, as elements of the Model-View-Controller design paradigm.

  16. Pharmacology Portal: An Open Database for Clinical Pharmacologic Laboratory Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsen Bjånes, Tormod; Mjåset Hjertø, Espen; Lønne, Lars; Aronsen, Lena; Andsnes Berg, Jon; Bergan, Stein; Otto Berg-Hansen, Grim; Bernard, Jean-Paul; Larsen Burns, Margrete; Toralf Fosen, Jan; Frost, Joachim; Hilberg, Thor; Krabseth, Hege-Merete; Kvan, Elena; Narum, Sigrid; Austgulen Westin, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    More than 50 Norwegian public and private laboratories provide one or more analyses for therapeutic drug monitoring or testing for drugs of abuse. Practices differ among laboratories, and analytical repertoires can change rapidly as new substances become available for analysis. The Pharmacology Portal was developed to provide an overview of these activities and to standardize the practices and terminology among laboratories. The Pharmacology Portal is a modern dynamic web database comprising all available analyses within therapeutic drug monitoring and testing for drugs of abuse in Norway. Content can be retrieved by using the search engine or by scrolling through substance lists. The core content is a substance registry updated by a national editorial board of experts within the field of clinical pharmacology. This ensures quality and consistency regarding substance terminologies and classification. All laboratories publish their own repertoires in a user-friendly workflow, adding laboratory-specific details to the core information in the substance registry. The user management system ensures that laboratories are restricted from editing content in the database core or in repertoires within other laboratory subpages. The portal is for nonprofit use, and has been fully funded by the Norwegian Medical Association, the Norwegian Society of Clinical Pharmacology, and the 8 largest pharmacologic institutions in Norway. The database server runs an open-source content management system that ensures flexibility with respect to further development projects, including the potential expansion of the Pharmacology Portal to other countries. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. [Portal vein thrombosis in patients with thrombophilia--own observations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swiatkowska-Stodulska, Renata; Kazimierska, Ewa; Weyer-Hepka, Jolanta; Dworakowska, Dorota; Lubińska, Monika; Gnacińska, Maria; Bakowska, Alicja; Czestochowska, Eugenia

    2005-04-01

    Portal vein thrombosis is one of the main prehepatic causes of portal hypertension. The most frequent causes of thrombosis in this localization, apart from hepatic cirrhosis, are the following: acute inflammatory diseases and abdominal cancers, traumas, proliferative diseases of the hematopoietic system. In recent years attention was given to disorders in hemostasis, such as thrombophilia, in the course of which thrombosis development is particularly common. The authors present 10 patients after an incident of portal vein thrombosis, in which primary hepatic pathology was excluded and tests directed at thrombophilia were performed. In seven patients abnormalities in the examined parameters were found, and what is more, in two cases they had a complex character and involved more than one parameter. In five patients hyperhomocysteinemia was found. Among them, in two patients there was also a decreased protein S activity and in one of them there was also APC-resistance. In the next two patients there were abnormalities in one of the examined parameters - APC-resistance. Hyperhomocysteinemia was found in all patients with idiopathic thrombosis, and in one of them there were concurrent changes in protein S activity and APC-resistance. In patients with the history of portal vein thrombosis diagnostics of thrombophilia should be performed.

  18. Diagnostische ammoniakproeven; Diagnostiek van portale kollaterale cirkulatie aan het ziekbed.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gips, Christiaan Hendrik

    1968-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the use of ammoniumsalts in the diagnosis of diseases of the liver and portal vascular tree. Chapter 1. Metabolism of ammonia. Ammonia is liberated by deamination of aminoacids in the kidney and during exercise in muscle, by urease activity in the salivary glands and in

  19. Designing a Portlet for Plagiarism Detections Within a Campus Portal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinan A.W. Fiaidhi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In an educational context, we are faced with similar challenges. How do we keep the adminis tration, faculty, staff and students well informed about institutional policies and procedures? How do we ensure the student body receives accurate and up-to-date information to help them achieve their educational and career goals? How to check for plagiarism cases? In addition, we hope to build learning communities-communities of students, instructors, administration, faculty and staff all collaborating and constructing strong relationships that provide the foundation for students to achieve their goals with greater success. We also want to promote information sharing so users can build on their experiences at the institution. Plus, we want to provide seamless integration with legacy and other applications in some easy, modifiable and reusable way. One solution to these goals is to provide a support tool for such learning through a learning portal. This portal should provide all users (e.g. students, instructors with valuable information required. However, building and modifying learning portal is no small task, especially when you consider the shrinking budgets and limited resources in today's economy. Java portlet presents a new solution in which new functionality can be plugged to existing portals. This study shed some light on an ongoing research to develop a plagiarism detection portlet for java student assignments.

  20. Privacy Impact Assessment for the Emergency Management Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Emergency Management Portal System collects cleanup site data, and personnel readiness data. Learn how this data will be collected in the system, how it will be used, access to the data, the purpose of data collection, and record retention policies.

  1. Diagnostische ammoniakproeven; Diagnostiek van portale kollaterale cirkulatie aan het ziekbed.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gips, Christiaan Hendrik

    1968-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the use of ammoniumsalts in the diagnosis of diseases of the liver and portal vascular tree. Chapter 1. Metabolism of ammonia. Ammonia is liberated by deamination of aminoacids in the kidney and during exercise in muscle, by urease activity in the salivary glands and in

  2. The Payoff of Corporate Portal Usage in an Academic Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Busaidi, Kamla Ali

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically assess the payoffs of a corporate portal in an academic institution in Oman and its impacts on business processes and employees. Design/methodology/approach: The study included 100 employees, mostly instructors, in an academic institution. The questionnaire included indicators related to the…

  3. Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a child

    OpenAIRE

    Sheragaru H Chandrashekhara; Ashu Seith Bhalla; Arun Kumar Gupta; Vikash, C. S.; Susheel Kumar Kabra

    2011-01-01

    Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare anomaly of the splanchnic venous system. We describe multidetector computed tomography findings of an incidentally detected Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a two-and-half-year old child. The computed tomography scan was performed for the evaluation of respiratory distress, poor growth, and loss of appetite.

  4. A portal to Dutch academic heritage: www.academischecollecties.nl

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reerink, H.

    2012-01-01

    The UNICUM development project, commissioned by the Dutch Academic Heritage Foundation (SAE), has been carried out by the five classic Dutch universities in 2010-12. UNICUM, short for ‘University Collections and University Museums’, has received a national government grant to create a digital portal

  5. Extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm: Two case reports of surgical intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bi Jin; Yuan Sun; Yi-Qing Li; Yu-Guo Zhao; Chuan-Shan Lai; Xian-Song Feng; Chi-Dan Wan

    2005-01-01

    We report two cases of extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm,and both of them underwent surgical intervention. The first case had a mild pain in right upper quadrant of the abdomen; the second had no obvious symptoms. Physical examination revealed nothing abnormal. Both of them were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging angiography (MRA). One of the aneurysms was located at the main portal vein, the other, at the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein, and these two places are exactly the most common locations of the extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm reported in the literature (30.7% each site). The first case underwent aneurysmorrhaphy and the second case, aneurysm resection with splenectomy. Both of them recovered soon after the operation, and the symptom of the first case was greatly alleviated. During the follow-up of half a year, no complication and adverse effect of surgical intervention was found and the color Doppler ultrasonography revealed no recurrence of the aneurysmal dilation. We suggest that surgical intervention can alleviate the symptom of the extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm and prevent its complications effectively and safely for low risk patients.

  6. Der "Nietzsche-Thesaurus" des Nietzsche-Online-Portals

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmermann, Harald H.

    2004-01-01

    Der "Nietzsche-Thesaurus" ist Teil eines Online-Portals zu Friedrich Nietzsche. Ausgangspunkt ist ein bestehendes strukturiertes Register (Druckformvorlage) zu einer Nietzsche-Zitatesammlung. Die Materialien sollen u.a. mit der Struktur des "Deutschen Wortschatzes" von Wehrle/Eggers zu einem relationalen Zugangssystem verknüpft werden. Verfahren und Stand der Arbeiten werden vorgestellt.

  7. Editor's welcome, PORTAL, Vol. 2, No. 2, July 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Welcome to the July 2005 issue of Portal, a special issue with the title ‘Strange Localities: Utopias, Intellectuals and Identities in the 21st Century,’ guest edited by Alistair Fox and Hilary Radner (both from the University of Otago, New Zealand, who convened an international colloquium on this theme in January 2004, and Murray Pratt (University of Technology Sydney, Australia. As Alistair Fox says in his introduction to the special issue, the twelve papers gathered under the ‘Strange Localities’ rubric provide rich insights into the ways by which ‘the contemporary utopian impulse is expressing itself, both in the search for utopia, and through the exposure of false utopias.’ With a broad geographical reach, and an equally broad critical gaze, the essays collected here shed new light on the critical, yet often ambivalent, role that identity politics play in myriad utopian projects, and also in such critical enterprises and epoch-defining processes as postcolonialism, postfeminism, postmodernism, transnationalism, multiculturalism, and economic and cultural globalization. In addition to the papers collected in the special issue section, this issue of Portal includes a number of essays that, while not addressing the special issue theme, also have much to say about the nexus between contemporary identity debates, intellectual practice, and utopian imaginaries. We are also pleased to introduce in the Portal Cultural Works' section two short chronicle-like pieces by Moses Iten, a young Australian writer. Paul Allatson, Chair, PORTAL Editorial Committee

  8. Malignant solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas causing sinistral portal hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisar Ahmad Wani

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT of the pancreas is a rare benign or low-grade malignant epithelial tumor that occurs mainly in young females in second to fourth decades of life. Pathologic and imaging findings include a well-defined, encapsulated pancreatic mass with cystic and solid components with evidence of hemorrhage. We report a 23-year-old female who presented with upper abdominal pain of long duration and epigastric mass on palpation. Multidetector-row CT (MDCT demonstrated a large well-defined heterogeneous attenuation mass, containing hyperdense areas of hemorrhage mixed with solid enhancing and cystic non-enhancing areas, arising from the pancreatic body and tail. Splenic vein thrombosis was present with dilated splenoportal collateral vessels between splenic hilum and portal/superior mesenteric veins, with dilated vessels seen in the gastric wall, with patent portal vein, compatible with sinistral portal hypertension. Typical imaging features and age and sex of the patient suggested a diagnosis of SPT of pancreas complicated by segmental portal hypertension due to splenic vein thrombosis. Histopathology of the biopsy material was confirmatory.

  9. Editors' welcome, PORTAL, Vol 6, No 2, July 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available ‘Post-Mao, Post-Bourdieu: Class and Taste in Contemporary China,’ is a special issue of PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies guest-edited by Yi Zheng (University of Sydney and Stephanie Hemelryk Donald (RMIT University. The special issue explores the relationship between taste, choice and social stratification in contemporary China, and includes a new section, ‘New Perspectives Reports,’ which is intended to showcase opinion and ideas—in this case from the People’s Republic of China, in Mandarin—that complement the main articles. We hope to include this section in future issues of the journal. The guest editors and the PORTAL editorial committee would like to acknowledge that this special issue of is a result of a funding grant from the Australian Research Council, 2003-2005: ‘The Making of Middle-Class Taste: Reading, Tourism, and Educational Choices in Urban China.’ I am also delighted to announce that the PORTAL Editorial Committee has three new members, all from the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Technology, Sydney: Dr Malcolm Angelucci, Dr Beatriz Carrillo, and Dr Fredericka van der Lubbe. Paul Allatson, Editor, PORTAL Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies.

  10. Necrotizing enterocolitis with recurrent hepatic portal venous gas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vollman, J H; Smith, W L; Tsang, R C

    1976-03-01

    Two separate episodes of pneumatosis intestinalis and hepatic portal venous gas were observed in a premature infant with necrotizing enterocolitis. Although HPVG has previously been considered an ominous roentgenographic sign, the infant survived without surgical intervention. As in several cases reported by others, clinical and roentgenographic signs of NEC reappeared when enteric feedings were restarted prior to 10 days of medical therapy.

  11. New containment and surveillance portal monitor data analysis methed

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry, C.N.; Pratt, J.C.

    1979-01-01

    A new containment and surveillance portal monitor data analysis method has been developed. Current approaches use only the data from a single passage and an average background interval for alarm determination. The new method improves performance by summing the counts from many passages for comparison to the expected count, thus improving the statistical accuracy.

  12. Development and Application of Efficient Portal Imaging Solutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C.J. de Boer (Hans)

    2003-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ The central subject of this thesis is to derive clinically applicable methods to measure and improve the reproducibility of treatment delivery in radiotherapy by means of portal imaging. The most important criteria that such methods should meet, apart from being effecti

  13. Cationic antimicrobial peptides disrupt the Streptococcus pyogenes ExPortal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, Luis Alberto; Caparon, Michael G

    2012-09-01

    Although they possess a well-characterized ability to porate the bacterial membrane, emerging research suggests that cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) can influence pathogen behaviour at levels that are sublethal. In this study, we investigated the interaction of polymyxin B and human neutrophil peptide (HNP-1) with the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes. At sublethal concentrations, these CAPs preferentially targeted the ExPortal, a unique microdomain of the S. pyogenes membrane, specialized for protein secretion and processing. A consequence of this interaction was the disruption of ExPortal organization and a redistribution of ExPortal components into the peripheral membrane. Redistribution was associated with inhibition of secretion of certain toxins, including the SpeB cysteine protease and the streptolysin O (SLO) cytolysin, but not SIC, a protein that protects S. pyogenes from CAPs. These data suggest a novel function for CAPs in targeting the ExPortal and interfering with secretion of factors required for infection and survival. This mechanism may prove valuable for the design of new types of antimicrobial agents to combat the emergence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens.

  14. How outcomes are achieved through patient portals: A realist review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.T. Otte-Trojel (Eva Terese); A.A. de Bont (Antoinette); T.G. Rundall (Thomas); J.J. van de Klundert (Joris)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To examine how patient portals contribute to health service delivery and patient outcomes. The specific aims were to examine how outcomes are produced, and how variations in outcomes can be explained. Methods: We used a realist review method, which aims to describe how 'an

  15. Pulmonary dysfunction and hepatopulmonary syndrome in cirrhosis and portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Krag, Aleksander; Madsen, Jan L

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pulmonary dysfunction including the hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an important complication to cirrhosis and portal hypertension. However, the precise relation to liver dysfunction and the prevalence of HPS are unclear. AIMS: We therefore aimed to assess (i) the prevalence of HPS......, Pportal hypertension (post-sinusoidal resistance, P

  16. Portal del Empleado para Ecocomputer S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    Rey Regúlez, Mario

    2013-01-01

    El acceso al portal estará restringido por un nombre de usuario y una contraseña, existiendo diferentes perfiles con distintos niveles de privilegio para el acceso o administración de cada una de las funcionalidades.

  17. Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheragaru H Chandrashekhara

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abernethy malformation is an extremely rare anomaly of the splanchnic venous system. We describe multidetector computed tomography findings of an incidentally detected Abernethy malformation with portal vein aneurysm in a two-and-half-year old child. The computed tomography scan was performed for the evaluation of respiratory distress, poor growth, and loss of appetite.

  18. Design Criteria for Children's Web Portals: The Users Speak Out.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Large, Andrew; Beheshti, Jamshid; Rahman, Tarjin

    2002-01-01

    Describes results from focus groups with Web users 10 to 13 years of age in Montreal that explored design criteria for Web portals. Discusses Ask Jeeves for Kids, KidsClick, Lycos Zone, and Yahooligans! and considers screen designs, color, graphics, animation, keyword search capabilities, browsable subject categories, and individual user…

  19. El medio-portal y los canales de actualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dra. Elvira García de Torres

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el reto que Internet ha supuesto para los medios de comunicación tradicionales. La autora estudia cómo los medios informativos enlínea se han convertido en "un híbrido entre medios tradicionales con características propias de la digitalidad y servicios y contenidos propios de los portales". Así surge el medio-portal, mientras que los portales crean canales de actualidad para evitar la pérdida de usuario. El artículo recoge las principales diferencias en el tratamiento de la información por parte de ambos medios.ABSTRACTThis article analyses the challenge that Internet has involved to traditional mass media. The author thinks about how enlínea media have evolved to a hybrid between traditional media with digital characteristics and contents of main doors. The "medio-portal" begins, whereas main doors create channels of news to prevent the loss of users. This article collects the main informative differences between both media.

  20. Designing the Search Service for Enterprise Portal based on Oracle Universal Content Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, K. S.; Kuznetsov, D. Y.; Pominov, A. D.

    2017-01-01

    Enterprise Portal is an important part of an organization in informative and innovative space. The portal provides collaboration between employees and the organization. This article gives a valuable background of Enterprise Portal and technologies. The paper presents Oracle WebCenter Portal and UCM Server integration in detail. The focus is on tools for Enterprise Portal and on Search Service in particular. The paper also presents several UML diagrams to describe the use of cases for Search Service and main components of this application.

  1. Value of portal hemodynamics and hypersplenism in cirrhosis staging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao-Min Shi; Xiu-Yan Wang; Qing-Ling Mu; Tai-Huang Wu; Jian Xu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To determine the correlation between portal hemodynamics and spleen function among different grades of cirrhosis and verify its significance in cirrhosis staging.METHODS: The portal and splenic vein hemodynamics and spleen size were investigated by ultrasonography in consecutive 38 cirrhotic patients with cirrhosis (Child's grades A to C) and 20 normal controls. The differences were compared in portal vein diameter and flow velocity between patients with and without ascites and between patients with mild and severe esophageal varices. The correlation between peripheral blood cell counts and Child's grades was also determined.RESULTS: The portal flow velocity and volume were significantly lower in patients with Child's C (12.25±1.67 cm/s vs 788.59±234 mm/min, respectively) cirrhosis compared to controls (19.55±3.28 cm/s vs 1254.03±410 mm/min,respectively) and those with Child's A (18.5±3.02 cm/s vs1358.48±384 mm/min, respectively) and Child's B (16.0±3.89cm/s vs 1142.23±390 mm/min, respectively)cirrhosis.Patients with ascites had much lower portal flow velocity and volume (13.0±1.72 cm/s vs 1078±533 mm/min) than those without ascites (18.6±2.60 cm/s vs 1394±354 mm/min).There was no statistical difference between patients with mild and severe esophageal varices. The portal vein diameter was not significantly different among the above groups.There were significant differences in splenic vein diameter,flow velocity and white blood cell count, but not in spleen size, red blood cell and platelet counts among the various grades of cirrhosis. The spleen size was negatively correlated with red blood cell and platelet counts (r= -0.620and r = -0.8.34, respectively).CONCLUSION: An optimal system that includes parameters representing the portal hemodynamics and spleen function should be proposed for cirrhosis staging.

  2. Editor's welcome, PORTAL, Vol. 1, No. 2, July 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the highly successful inauguration of PORTAL in January 2004, we have received many kind expressions of support from international studies practitioners in a range of fields, and from such places as Canada, Italy, Mexico, Nigeria, New Zealand, Spain, Trinidad, the U.K., and the U.S.A. Particularly gratifying have been the endorsements of the journal and its publishing aims by people involved in their own electronic publishing enterprises. For their generous responses to PORTAL, the Editorial Committee would like to express its collective appreciation to the following people: Professor Jean-Marie Volet, of the University of Western Australia, and the guiding editor of the ground-breaking e-journal Mots Pluriels (www.arts.uwa.edu.au/MotsPluriels; and Francis Leo Collins, member of the Editorial Committee for the Graduate Journal of Asia Pacific Studies (GJAPS, based in Auckland, New Zealand. PORTAL's readers may be interested in the current call for papers from GJAPS (www.arts.auckland.ac.nz/gjaps, for a special issue on "Imagining the Asia-Pacific" (deadline October 31, 2004. This issue of PORTAL contains essays that cover wide terrain: the Chilean diasporic community in Australia; the world of German intellectuals; contemporary Mexican socio-political movements; rural-urban migration in China; and transnational advocacy networks and election monitoring in the Philippines, Chile, Nicaragua and Mexico. In the cultural section of this issue, we are delighted to present a short story from the noted German Studies scholar Anthony Stephens, and the first half of a beautiful, deeply poetic and haunting novel entitled Son, from the London-based writer and art-critic Jennifer Higgie. The novel’s second and final part will appear in PORTAL vol. 2, no. 1, in January 2005. On a different note, we would like to express our support for the inaugural Ubud Writers and Readers Festival, to be held in Ubud, Bali, from October 11 to 17, 2004. The Festival

  3. Etiology and portal vein thrombosis in Budd-Chiari syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Oguz Uskudar; Meral Akdogan; Nurgul Sasmaz; Sevinc Yilmaz; Muharrem Tola; Burhan Sahin

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To research the etiology, portal vein thrombosis and other features of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS)patients prospectively.METHODS: A total of 75 patients (40 female, 35 male) who were diagnosed between January 2002 and July 2004 as having BCS were studied prospectively.Findings from on physical examination, ultrasonography,duplex ultrasonography and venography were analyzed.Hemogram and blood chemistry were studied at the time of diagnosis and on each hospital visit. Bone marrow examination and immune phenotyping were performed by a hematologist when necessary. Protein C, S, antithrombin Ⅲ, activated protein C resistance,and anticardiolipin antibodies, antinuclear antibodies,and anti ds-DNA were studied twice. The presence of ascite, esophageal varices, and portal thrombosis were evaluated at admission and on every visit.RESULTS: At least one etiological factor was determined in 54 (72%) of the patients. The etiology could not be defined in 21 (28%) patients. One etiological factor was found in 39, 2 factors in 14 and 3 factors in 1 patient.The most common cause was the web (16%), the second was Hydatid disease (11%), the third was Behcet's disease (9%). Portal vein thrombosis was present in 11 patients and at least one etiology was identified in 9 of them (82%).CONCLUSION: Behcet's disease and hydatid disease are more prominent etiological factors in Turkey than in other countries. Patients with web have an excellent response to treatment without signs of portal vein thrombosis while patients having thrombofilic factors more than one are prone to develop portal vein thrombosis with worse clinical outcome.

  4. Steering Performance, Tactical Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-29

    NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Automotive Instrumentation Division (TEDT-AT-AD-I) U.S. Army Aberdeen Test Center 400...characterize the on-center vehicle responses of military vehicles for the purposes of influencing vehicle design and ensuring military truck steering... mechanism attached to the test vehicle’s steering wheel (or replaces the steering wheel) that is strain gaged and calibrated to measure the steering effort

  5. Ground Vehicle Robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    Ground Vehicle Robotics Jim Parker Associate Director, Ground Vehicle Robotics UNCLASSIFIED: Distribution Statement A. Approved for public...DATE 20 AUG 2013 2. REPORT TYPE Briefing Charts 3. DATES COVERED 09-05-2013 to 15-08-2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Ground Vehicle Robotics 5a...Willing to take Risk on technology -User Evaluated -Contested Environments -Operational Data Applied Robotics for Installation & Base Ops -Low Risk

  6. Electric Vehicle Propulsion System

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Electric vehicles are being considered as one of the pillar of eco-friendly solutions to overcome the problem of global pollution and radiations due to greenhouse gases. Present thesis work reports the improvement in overall performance of the propulsion system of an electric vehicle by improving autonomy and torque-speed characteristic. Electric vehicle propulsion system consists of supply and traction system, and are coordinated by the monitoring & control system. Case of light electric veh...

  7. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt for Maintenance of Portal Venous Patency in Liver Transplant Candidates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Charles Gaba

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance of portal venous patency is vital to liver transplant candidates, as the presence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT adversely impacts clinical outcomes by increasing surgical complexity and decreasing postoperative survival. By enhancing portal venous blood flow, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS creation may enable clearance of PVT and preservation of portal venous patency in cirrhotic patients. Herein, we describe four cases in which TIPS produced and sustained an open portal venous system in liver transplant candidates with partial PVT. All patients demonstrated rapid and effective flow-enabled clearance of clot and intermediate to long-term preservation of portal venous flow. On this basis, we propose that maintenance of portal venous patency in liver transplant candidates with partial PVT represents a developing indication for TIPS.

  8. The portal vein in children: radiological review of congenital anomalies and acquired abnormalities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corness, Jonathan A.G.; McHugh, Kieran; Roebuck, Derek J. [Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, Department of Radiology, London (United Kingdom); Taylor, Andrew M. [Institute of Child Health, Cardiothoracic Unit, London (United Kingdom)

    2006-02-01

    A variety of portal vein anomalies that occur in children can be identified by US, CT, MRI and portal venography. Although these abnormalities can also occur in adults, there are certain pathological processes and aberrations within the portal system that are specific to children. Knowledge of the embryology and anatomy of the portal vein is of benefit in the understanding of these anomalies. Identifying deviations from normal portal architecture is important in the work-up for surgery such as liver transplantation, and prior to interventional procedures such as stent placement or embolization. The aim of this paper is to summarize the various types of congenital and acquired portal vein abnormalities that occur in children, describe their radiological features and provide images to demonstrate the differences from normal portal venous anatomy. (orig.)

  9. Diagnostic Value of 16 Slices Spiral-CT for Portal Vein Disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李震; 胡道予; 肖明

    2004-01-01

    Summary: The diagnostic value of 16-slices spiral computed tomography (CT) for portal vein disorders was evaluated. Forty-one patients were scanned by the 16-slices spiral-CT. The celiac trunk,portal vein and their branches were reconstructed by volume rendering (VR), multiplanar volume reconstruction (MPVR) and maximum intensity projection (MIP) technique, and the results were compared with digital subtraction angiography (DSA). VR, MPVR and MIP could display celiac trunk, portal vein, inferior vena cava and their branches and extent of portal vein-vena cava shunt,portal vein emboli and the fistula of hepatic artery-portal vein. The results from 16-slices CT were better than DSA and identical with pathologic ones. The vessel three-dimension reconstruction technique of 16-slices spiral CT is valuable for evaluating the portal systemic disorders.

  10. Electric vehicle propulsion alternatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secunde, R. R.; Schuh, R. M.; Beach, R. F.

    1983-01-01

    Propulsion technology development for electric vehicles is summarized. Analytical studies, technology evaluation, and the development of technology for motors, controllers, transmissions, and complete propulsion systems are included.

  11. 75 FR 76692 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ..., and 571 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety AGENCY... passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, incomplete vehicles, motorcycles, and motor vehicle...

  12. Patient Portals as a Tool for Health Care Engagement: A Mixed-Method Study of Older Adults With Varying Levels of Health Literacy and Prior Patient Portal Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irizarry, Taya; Shoemake, Jocelyn; Nilsen, Marci Lee; Czaja, Sara; Beach, Scott; DeVito Dabbs, Annette

    2017-03-30

    Growing evidence that patient engagement improves health outcomes and reduces health care costs has fueled health providers' focus on patient portals as the primary access point for personal health information and patient-provider communication. Whereas much attention has been given to identifying characteristics of older adults who do and do not adopt patient portals and necessary adaptions to portal design, little is known about their attitudes and perceptions regarding patient portal use as a tool for engagement in their health care within the context of health literacy, experience navigating Web-based health information, and previous patient portal use. The specific aims of this study were to explore attitudes toward portal adoption and its perceived usefulness as a tool for health care engagement among adults (65 years and older) who have varying levels of health literacy and degrees of prior patient portal use. A phone survey of 100 community dwelling adults gathered sociodemographic, health, and technology related information. Older adults were purposefully selected for 4 follow-up focus groups based on survey responses to health literacy and previous patient portal use. A mixed-method approach was used to integrate phone survey data with thematic analysis of 4 focus groups. Due to variability in attitudes between focus group participants, an individual case analysis was performed and thematic patterns were used as the basis for subgroup formation. Differences in health literacy, comfort navigating health information on the Web, and previous portal experience explained some but not all differences related to the 7 themes that emerged in the focus groups analysis. Individual cases who shared attitudes were arranged into 5 subgroups from least to most able and willing to engage in health care via a patient portal. The subgroups' overall portal adoption attitudes were: (1) Don't want to feel pushed into anything, (2) Will only adopt if required, (3) Somebody

  13. Linking ESMF Applications With Data Portals Using Standard Metadata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, R.; Chastang, J.; Cinquini, L.; Deluca, C.; Middleton, D.; Murphy, S.; O'Kuinghttons, R.

    2008-12-01

    This talk describes the development of a prototype data portal to support a NCAR Advanced Study Program colloquium entitled Numerical Techniques for Global Atmospheric Models, held in Boulder during July, 2008. The colloquium focused on the comparison of thirteen atmospheric dynamical cores, a key element of next- generation models. Dynamical cores solve the governing equations that describe the properties of the atmosphere over time, including its motion. An efficient, accurate dynamical core is needed to achieve the high spatial resolutions that can improve model fidelity and enable the model to span predictive scales. In support of this event, ESMF, the Earth System Curator project, and the Earth System Grid (ESG) collaborated on the creation of a prototype portal that relies on standardized metadata to directly link datasets generated at the colloquium with information about the model components that generated them. The system offers tools such as dynamically generated comparison tables, faceted search, and trackback pages that link datasets to model configurations. During the colloquium, the metadata describing the dynamical cores was provided by the participants and manually added to the portal. Since then two developments have occurred to facilitate two important steps in the metadata lifecycle: creation of the metadata and ingestion into data archives. First, ESMF has been modified to enable users to output metadata in XML format. Because ESMF data structures already contain information about grids, fields, timestepping, and components, it is natural for ESMF to write out internal information in a standardized way for use by external systems. Second, modifications to the prototype portal were completed this summer to enable XML files output by ESMF to be ingested automatically into the portal. Taken together with the prototype web portal, the new metadata-writing capabilities of ESMF form part of an emerging infrastructure in support of the full modeling

  14. Adrenomedullin in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic portal hypertension

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V Tahan; C Kalayci; A Okten; N Tozun; E Avsar; C Karaca; E Uslu; F Eren; S Aydin; H Uzun; HO Hamzaoglu; F Besisik

    2003-01-01

    AIM:Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a potent vasodilator peptide.ADM and nitric oxide (NO) are produced in vascular endothelial cells. Increased ADM level has been linked to hyperdynamic circulation and arterial vasodilatation in cirrhotic portal hypertension (CPH). The role of ADM in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) is unknown, plasma ADM levels were studied in patients with NCPH, compensated and decompensated cirrhosis in order to determine its contribution to portal hypertension (PH) in these groups.METHODS: There were 4 groups of subjects. Group 1consisted of 27 patients (F/M: 12/15) with NCPH due to portal and/or splenic vein thrombosis (mean age: 41±12years), group 2 consisted of 14 patients (F/M: 6/8) with compensated (Child-Pugh A) cirrhosis (mean age: 46±4),group 3 consisted of 16 patients (F/M: 6/10) with decompensated (Child-Pugh C) cirrhosis (mean age: 47±12).Fourteen healthy subjects (F/M: 6/8) (mean age: 44±8) were used as controls in Group 4. ADM level was measured by ELISA. NO was determined as nitrite/nitrate level by chemoluminescence.RESULTS: Adl level in Group 11 (236±61.4 pg/mL) was significantly higher than that in group 2 (108.4±28.3 pg/mL)and group 4 (84.1±31.5 pg/mL) (both P<0.0001) but was lower than that in Group3 (324±93.7 pg/mL) (P=0.002). NO level in group 1 (27±1.4 μmol/L) was significantly higher than that in group 2 (19.8±2.8 μmol/L) and group 4 (16.9±1.6μmol/L) but was lower than that in Group 3 (39±3.6 μmol/L)(for all three P<0.0001). A strong correlation was observed between ADM and NO levels (r=0.827, P<0.0001).CONCLUSION: Adrenomedullin and NO levels were high in both non-cirrhotic and cirrhotic portal hypertension and were closely correlated, Adrenomedullin and NO levels increased proportionally with the severity of cirrhosis, and were significantly higher than those in patients with NCPH.Portal hypertension plays an important role in the increase of ADM and NO. Parenchymal damage in cirrhosis may

  15. JPL Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knosp, Brian W.; Li, P. Peggy; Vu, Quoc A.; Turk, Francis J.; Shen, Tsae-Pyng J.; Hristova-Veleva, Svetla M.; Licata, Stephen J.; Poulsen, William L.

    2012-01-01

    Satellite observations can play a very important role in airborne field campaigns, since they provide a comprehensive description of the environment that is essential for the experiment design, flight planning, and post-experiment scientific data analysis. In the past, it has been difficult to fully utilize data from multiple NASA satellites due to the large data volume, the complexity of accessing NASA s data in near-real-time (NRT), as well as the lack of software tools to interact with multi-sensor information. The JPL GRIP Portal is a Web portal that serves a comprehensive set of NRT observation data sets from NASA and NOAA satellites describing the atmospheric and oceanic environments related to the genesis and intensification of the tropical storms in the North Atlantic Ocean. Together with the model forecast data from four major global atmospheric models, this portal provides a useful tool for the scientists and forecasters in planning and monitoring the NASA GRIP field campaign during the 2010 Atlantic Ocean hurricane season. This portal uses the Google Earth plug-in to visualize various types of data sets, such as 2D maps, wind vectors, streamlines, 3D data sets presented at series of vertical cross-sections or pointwise vertical profiles, and hurricane best tracks and forecast tracks. Additionally, it allows users to overlap multiple data sets, change the opacity of each image layer, generate animations on the fly with selected data sets, and compare the observation data with the model forecast using two independent calendars. The portal also provides the capability to identify the geographic location of any point of interest. In addition to supporting the airborne mission planning, the NRT data and portal will serve as a very rich source of information during the post-field campaign analysis stage of the airborne experiment. By including a diverse set of satellite observations and model forecasts, it provides a good spatial and temporal context for the

  16. Regional Ocean Data Portal: Transforming Information to Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, M. K.; Gayanilo, F. C.; Jochens, A. E.

    2009-12-01

    The mission of the Gulf of Mexico Coastal Ocean Observing System’s (GCOOS) regional data portal is to aggregate data and model output from distributed providers and to offer these, and derived products, through a single access point in standardized ways to a diverse set of users. The portal evolved under the NOAA-led U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) program where automated largely-unattended machine-to-machine interoperability has always been a guiding tenet for system design. Initially, the portal focused on aggregating relatively homogeneous oceanographic and marine meteorological data from the principal Gulf of Mexico data providers. Obtaining community agreements from the data providers on data formats, vocabularies, and levels of service was relatively easy because the technical barriers to participation were low and we were able to provide financial support to them to make small additions or changes to their local data systems. Over time, the portal requirements became more complex as new parameters, new providers and heterogeneous data streams were added and the spatial domain increased to include beaches and adjacent wetlands. This began to strain our resources and take us outside our science domains of expertise. During the same period, the Gulf of Mexico Alliance (GOMA), a new environmental quality initiative involving the five Gulf states and Mexico with similar goals and directives as those of our sponsor, gained momentum and demanded both our attention and participation. GOMA is working, mostly among themselves, to discover or establish community standards for various types of data sets - e.g. water quality and nutrients. In addition to aggregation, the portal is also tasked with producing products from the collected information streams. Arriving at a prioritized list of desired products has been a major part of the business conducted by the GCOOS Regional Association (RA). Numerous stakeholder (e.g. emergency responders, oil and gas

  17. Vehicle usage verification system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scanlon, William G.; McQuiston, Jonathan; Cotton, Simon L.

    2012-01-01

    EN)A computer-implemented system for verifying vehicle usage comprising a server capable of communication with a plurality of clients across a communications network. Each client is provided in a respective vehicle and with a respective global positioning system (GPS) by which the client can determi

  18. Electric Vehicle Battery Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2014-01-01

    A serious drawback to electric vehicles [batteries only] is the idle time needed to recharge their batteries. In this challenge, students can develop ideas and concepts for battery change-out at automotive service stations. Such a capability would extend the range of electric vehicles.

  19. The Electric Vehicle Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Jingyu; Liu, Yingqi; Kokko, Ari

    2014-01-01

    In order to respond to the energy crisis and environment problem, countries carry out their research and promotion about electric vehicles. As the ten cities one thousand new energy buses started in 2009, the new energy vehicles have been greatly developed in China, while the development of elect...

  20. Vehicle Routing Problem Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonči Carić

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Vehicle Routing Problem cannot always be solved exactly,so that in actual application this problem is solved heuristically.The work describes the concept of several concrete VRPmodels with simplified initial conditions (all vehicles are ofequal capacity and start from a single warehouse, suitable tosolve problems in cases with up to 50 users.

  1. Motor Vehicle Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to prevent these crashes is one part of motor vehicle safety. Here are some things you can do to be safer on the road: Make sure your vehicle is safe and in working order Use car seats for children Wear your seat belt Don' ...

  2. Electric Vehicle Battery Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2014-01-01

    A serious drawback to electric vehicles [batteries only] is the idle time needed to recharge their batteries. In this challenge, students can develop ideas and concepts for battery change-out at automotive service stations. Such a capability would extend the range of electric vehicles.

  3. Whither electric vehicles?

    OpenAIRE

    Shukla, AK

    2002-01-01

    In the late 1890s, at the dawn of the automobile era, steam, gasoline and electric vehicles all competed to become the dominant automobile technology. By the early 1900s, the battle was over and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles (ICEVs) were poised to become the prime movers of the twentieth century.

  4. Intelligent Vehicle Health Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, Deidre E.; Trevino, Luis; Watson, Michael D.

    2005-01-01

    As a part of the overall goal of developing Integrated Vehicle Health Management systems for aerospace vehicles, the NASA Faculty Fellowship Program (NFFP) at Marshall Space Flight Center has performed a pilot study on IVHM principals which integrates researched IVHM technologies in support of Integrated Intelligent Vehicle Management (IIVM). IVHM is the process of assessing, preserving, and restoring system functionality across flight and ground systems (NASA NGLT 2004). The framework presented in this paper integrates advanced computational techniques with sensor and communication technologies for spacecraft that can generate responses through detection, diagnosis, reasoning, and adapt to system faults in support of INM. These real-time responses allow the IIVM to modify the affected vehicle subsystem(s) prior to a catastrophic event. Furthermore, the objective of this pilot program is to develop and integrate technologies which can provide a continuous, intelligent, and adaptive health state of a vehicle and use this information to improve safety and reduce costs of operations. Recent investments in avionics, health management, and controls have been directed towards IIVM. As this concept has matured, it has become clear the INM requires the same sensors and processing capabilities as the real-time avionics functions to support diagnosis of subsystem problems. New sensors have been proposed, in addition, to augment the avionics sensors to support better system monitoring and diagnostics. As the designs have been considered, a synergy has been realized where the real-time avionics can utilize sensors proposed for diagnostics and prognostics to make better real-time decisions in response to detected failures. IIVM provides for a single system allowing modularity of functions and hardware across the vehicle. The framework that supports IIVM consists of 11 major on-board functions necessary to fully manage a space vehicle maintaining crew safety and mission

  5. Automated Vehicles Symposium 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Beiker, Sven

    2016-01-01

    This edited book comprises papers about the impacts, benefits and challenges of connected and automated cars. It is the third volume of the LNMOB series dealing with Road Vehicle Automation. The book comprises contributions from researchers, industry practitioners and policy makers, covering perspectives from the U.S., Europe and Japan. It is based on the Automated Vehicles Symposium 2015 which was jointly organized by the Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB) in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in July 2015. The topical spectrum includes, but is not limited to, public sector activities, human factors, ethical and business aspects, energy and technological perspectives, vehicle systems and transportation infrastructure. This book is an indispensable source of information for academic researchers, industrial engineers and policy makers interested in the topic of road vehicle automation.

  6. Automated Vehicles Symposium 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Beiker, Sven; Road Vehicle Automation 2

    2015-01-01

    This paper collection is the second volume of the LNMOB series on Road Vehicle Automation. The book contains a comprehensive review of current technical, socio-economic, and legal perspectives written by experts coming from public authorities, companies and universities in the U.S., Europe and Japan. It originates from the Automated Vehicle Symposium 2014, which was jointly organized by the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB) in Burlingame, CA, in July 2014. The contributions discuss the challenges arising from the integration of highly automated and self-driving vehicles into the transportation system, with a focus on human factors and different deployment scenarios. This book is an indispensable source of information for academic researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers interested in the topic of road vehicle automation.

  7. Hydrogen vehicle fueling station

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daney, D.E.; Edeskuty, F.J.; Daugherty, M.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1995-09-01

    Hydrogen fueling stations are an essential element in the practical application of hydrogen as a vehicle fuel, and a number of issues such as safety, efficiency, design, and operating procedures can only be accurately addressed by a practical demonstration. Regardless of whether the vehicle is powered by an internal combustion engine or fuel cell, or whether the vehicle has a liquid or gaseous fuel tank, the fueling station is a critical technology which is the link between the local storage facility and the vehicle. Because most merchant hydrogen delivered in the US today (and in the near future) is in liquid form due to the overall economics of production and delivery, we believe a practical refueling station should be designed to receive liquid. Systems studies confirm this assumption for stations fueling up to about 300 vehicles. Our fueling station, aimed at refueling fleet vehicles, will receive hydrogen as a liquid and dispense it as either liquid, high pressure gas, or low pressure gas. Thus, it can refuel any of the three types of tanks proposed for hydrogen-powered vehicles -- liquid, gaseous, or hydride. The paper discusses the fueling station design. Results of a numerical model of liquid hydrogen vehicle tank filling, with emphasis on no vent filling, are presented to illustrate the usefulness of the model as a design tool. Results of our vehicle performance model illustrate our thesis that it is too early to judge what the preferred method of on-board vehicle fuel storage will be in practice -- thus our decision to accommodate all three methods.

  8. User Experience Design in Professional Map-Based Geo-Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastian Zimmer

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We have recently been witnessing the growing establishment of map-centered web-based geo-portals on national, regional and local levels. However, a particular issue with these geo-portals is that each instance has been implemented in different ways in terms of design, usability, functionality, interaction possibilities, map size and symbologies. In this paper, we try to tackle these shortcomings by analyzing and formalizing the requirements for map-based geo-portals in a user experience based approach. First, we propose a holistic definition the term of a “geo-portal”. Then, we present our approach to user experience design for map-based geo-portals by defining the functional requirements of a geo-portal, by analyzing previous geo-portal developments, by distilling the results of our empirical user study to perform practically-oriented user requirements, and finally by establishing a set of user experience design guidelines for the creation of map-based geo-portals. These design guidelines have been extracted for each of the main components of a geo-portal, i.e., the map, the search dialogue, the presentation of the search results, symbologies, and other aspects. These guidelines shall constitute the basis for future geo-portal developments to achieve standardization in the user-experience design of map-based geo-portals.

  9. Surgical Implications of Portal Vein Variations and Liver Segmentations: A Recent Update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Showkathali; Iqbal, Raiz; Iqbal, Faiz

    2017-02-01

    The Couinaud's liver segmentation is based on the identification of portal vein bifurcation and origin of hepatic veins. It is widely used clinically, because it is better suited for surgery and is more accurate in localizing and monitoring various intra parenchymal lesions. According to standard anatomy, the portal vein bifurcates into right and left branches; the left vein drains segment II, III and IV and the right vein divides into two secondary branches - the anterior portal vein drains segments V and VIII, and the posterior drains segments VI and VII. The portal vein variants such as portal trifurcation, with division of the main portal vein into the left, right anterior, and posterior branches, and the early origin of the right posterior branch directly from the main portal vein were found to be more frequent and was seen in about 20 - 35% of the population. Accurate knowledge of the portal variants and consequent variations in vascular segments are essential for intervention radiologists and transplant surgeons in the proper diagnosis during radiological investigations and in therapeutic applications such as preparation for biopsy, Portal Vein Embolization (PVE), Transjugular Intrahepatic Porto-Systemic Shunt (TIPS), tumour resection and partial hepatectomy for split or living donor transplantations. The advances in the knowledge will reduce intra and postoperative complications and avoid major catastrophic events. The purpose of the present review is to update the normal and variant portal venous anatomy and their implications in the liver segmentations, complex liver surgeries and various radiological intervention procedures.

  10. It's a Bird. It's a Plane. It's a...Portal?: What Is a Campus Portal Strategy and Why Do You Need One?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Richard N.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the results of a recent forum, and subsequent conference, on the subject of portals and e-business in higher education. Participants, who included financial and information technology professionals, agreed that implementation of portal strategy is necessary, perilous, and difficult in higher education. Colleges and universities will have…

  11. A systematic review of studies of web portals for patients with diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coughlin, Steven S; Williams, Lovoria B; Hatzigeorgiou, Christos

    2017-01-01

    Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. Due to advances in health information technologies, there has been increasing interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals for use by patients with diabetes and other chronic conditions. This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews web portals for patients with diabetes mellitus including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records and web portals developed specifically for patients with diabetes. Twelve studies of the impact of patient web portals on the management of diabetes patients were identified. Three had a cross-sectional design, 1 employed mixed-methods, one had a matched-control design, 3 had a retrospective cohort design, and 5 were randomized controlled trials. Six (50%) of the studies examined web portals tethered to electronic medical records and the remainder were web portals developed specifically for diabetes patients. The results of this review suggest that secure messaging between adult diabetic patients and their clinician is associated with improved glycemic control. However, results from observational studies indicate that many diabetic patients do not take advantage of web portal features such as secure messaging, perhaps because of a lack of internet access or lack of experience in navigating web portal resources. Although results from randomized controlled trials provide stronger evidence of the efficacy of web portal use in improving glycemic control among diabetic patients, the number of trials is small and results from the trials have been mixed. Studies suggest that secure messaging between adult diabetic patients and their clinician is associated with improved glycemic control, but negative findings have also been reported. The number of randomized controlled trials that have examined the efficacy of web

  12. Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Portal Implementation Toolkit for Ambulatory Clinics: A Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahm, Eun-Shim; Diblasi, Catherine; Gonzales, Eva; Silver, Kristi; Zhu, Shijun; Sagherian, Knar; Kongs, Katherine

    2017-04-01

    Personal health records and patient portals have been shown to be effective in managing chronic illnesses. Despite recent nationwide implementation efforts, the personal health record and patient portal adoption rates among patients are low, and the lack of support for patients using the programs remains a critical gap in most implementation processes. In this study, we implemented the Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit in a large diabetes/endocrinology center and assessed its preliminary impact on personal health record and patient portal knowledge, self-efficacy, patient-provider communication, and adherence to treatment plans. Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit is composed of Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit-General, clinic-level resources for clinicians, staff, and patients, and Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit Plus, an optional 4-week online resource program for patients ("MyHealthPortal"). First, Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit-General was implemented, and all clinicians and staff were educated about the center's personal health record and patient portal. Then general patient education was initiated, while a randomized controlled trial was conducted to test the preliminary effects of "MyHealthPortal" using a small sample (n = 74) with three observations (baseline and 4 and 12 weeks). The intervention group showed significantly greater improvement than the control group in patient-provider communication at 4 weeks (t56 = 3.00, P = .004). For other variables, the intervention group tended to show greater improvement; however, the differences were not significant. In this preliminary study, Patient-Centered Personal Health Record and Patient Portal Implementation Toolkit showed potential for filling the gap in the current

  13. Evaluation of usefulness of portal image using Electronic Portal Imaging Device (EPID) in the patients who received pelvic radiation therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Woo Chul; Kim, Heon Jong; Park, Seong Young; Cho, Young Kap; Loh, John J. K. [College of Medicine, Inha Univ., Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Park, Won; Suh, Chang Ok; Kim, Gwi Eon [College of Medicine, Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-12-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of electronic portal imaging device through objective compare of the images acquired using an EPID and a conventional port film. From Apr. to Oct. 1997, a total of 150 sets of images from 20 patients who received radiation therapy in the pelvis area were evaluated in the Inha University Hospital and Severance Hospital. A dual image recording technique was devised to obtain both electronic portal images and port film images simultaneously with one treatment course. We did not perform double exposure. Five to ten images were acquired from each patient. All images were acquired from posteroanterior (PA) view except images from two patients. A dose rate of 100-300 MU/min and a 10-MV X-ray beam were used and 2-10 MUs were required to produce a verification image during treatment. Kodak diagnostic film with metal/film imaging cassette which was located on the top of the EPID detector was used for the port film. The source to detector distance was 140 cm. Eight anatomical landmarks (pelvic brim, sacrum, acetabulum, iliopectineal line, symphysis, ischium, obturator foramen, sacroiliac joint) were assessed. Four radiation oncologist joined to evaluate each image. The individual landmarks in the port film or in the EPID were rated-very clear (1), clear (2), visible (3), notclear (4), not visible (5). Using an video camera based EPID system, there was no difference of image quality between no enhanced EPID images and port film images. However, when we provided some change with window level for the portal image, the visibility of the sacrum and obturator foramen was improved in the portal images than in the port film images. All anatomical landmarks were more visible in the portal images than in the port film when we applied the CLAHE mode enhancement. The images acquired using an matrix ion chamber type EPID were also improved image quality after window level adjustment. The quality of image acquired using an electronic portal imaging device was

  14. Application of SharePoint Portal Technologies in Public Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Đokić

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, systematic reforms are realized acrossmany countries. One of the characteristics of these reforms is necessity for rationalization of expenses in governmental and public enterprises. Rationalization of expenses can be achieved by more extensive application of information and communication technologies based on internet technologies and cloud computing. These systems include huge number of services, applications, resources, users and roles. At the same time, concepts of scalability, availability, ubiquity and pervasiveness need to be applied. This paper deals with application of portal technologies for enhanced content management, document management, and collaboration within public enterprises. The goal is to achieve efficient exchange of information on all hierarchical levels, as well as mechanisms of reporting and performance measurements, such as business intelligence and key performance indicators. The model is based on SharePoint portal technologies. A case study of application within the public enterprise Post of Serbia is described.

  15. Requirements model for an e-Health awareness portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Azham; Mkpojiogu, Emmanuel O. C.; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun M.

    2016-08-01

    Requirements engineering is at the heart and foundation of software engineering process. Poor quality requirements inevitably lead to poor quality software solutions. Also, poor requirement modeling is tantamount to designing a poor quality product. So, quality assured requirements development collaborates fine with usable products in giving the software product the needed quality it demands. In the light of the foregoing, the requirements for an e-Ebola Awareness Portal were modeled with a good attention given to these software engineering concerns. The requirements for the e-Health Awareness Portal are modeled as a contribution to the fight against Ebola and helps in the fulfillment of the United Nation's Millennium Development Goal No. 6. In this study requirements were modeled using UML 2.0 modeling technique.

  16. Accessibility in e-government portals of the Judiciary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Pessini Mezzaroba

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with an analysis of the application of Macedo accessibility guidelines (2010 for the publication of texts on the Web. In this paper, e-government portals were observed, particularly the judiciary, using the Supreme Court site Federal (STF, to verify whether the available material allows people with some kind of visual disability to access it and become aware of its contents. We also used the model of accessibility in Electronic Government eMag, established by the Federal Government, through Decree n. 03 of 07 May 2007.It were also developed the graphical representation of synthesis (RGS addressed the issue. The analysis was performed from the application of e-government accessibility evaluator ASES (Appraiser and accessibility Simulator Sites, combining their results with the textual guidelines already mentioned. After analyzing the results, it shows a table with errors and recommendations to the portal.

  17. Catalysis of Electroweak Baryogenesis via Fermionic Higgs Portal Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Chao, Wei

    2015-01-01

    We investigate catalysis of electroweak baryogenesis by fermionic Higgs portal dark matter using a two Higgs doublet model augmented by vector-like fermions. The lightest neutral fermion mass eigenstate provides a viable dark matter candidate in the presence of a stabilizing symmetry Z_2 or gauged U(1)_D symmetry. Allowing for a non-vanishing CP-violating phase in the lowest-dimension Higgs portal dark matter interactions allows generation of the observed dark matter relic density while evading direct detection bounds. The same phase provides a source for electroweak baryogenesis. We show that it is possible to obtain the observed abundances of visible and dark matter while satisfying present bounds from electric dipole moment (EDM) searches and direct detection experiments. Improving the present electron (neutron) EDM sensitivity by one (two) orders of magnitude would provide a conclusive test of this scenario.

  18. Creació del portal International Diving Center

    OpenAIRE

    Fatsini Font, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Catala: L'objectiu d aquest projecte consisteix en desenvolupar el portal web del centre d immersió International Diving Center i documentar-ne tot el procés de creació. El portal en qüestió ha de ser dinàmic, autogestionable i fàcil d usar. També ha de permetre la reserva d immersions on-line, donant la possibilitat als usuaris de pagar amb la seva targeta de crèdit. També he afegit un objectiu secundari, desenvolupar tot el projecte usant només software lliure. En el projecte es contemplarà...

  19. Numerical Investigation of Rockfall Impacts on Muckpiles for Underground Portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effeindzourou, Anna; Giacomini, Anna; Thoeni, Klaus; Sloan, Scott W.

    2017-06-01

    Small-scale waste rock piles or muckpiles are commonly used as energy absorption barriers in various surface mining applications. This paper numerically investigates the impact behaviour of blocks on muckpiles used as cushion layer on top of underground portal entries. A three-dimensional discrete element model is implemented into the open-source framework YADE and validated using full-scale experimental data. The model allows estimating the energy absorption capacity of the muckpile and the impact forces acting on the portal structure. It also provides valuable information on the rebound characteristics which are useful for the definition of the potential safety areas in the vicinity of an underground entry. In order to show its capabilities, the model is applied to a large number of cases representing potential design conditions. The influence of block mass, impact velocity and absorbing cushion thickness on the forces at the base of the muckpile and the rebound trajectories after impact are investigated.

  20. A New Design Method for Industrial Portal Frames in Fire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Song

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Industrial portal frames near to other buildings must keep their vertical walls standing in fire in order to prevent fire spread.  A recently developed analysis, implemented in the program Vulcan, using a combination of static and dynamic solvers, has shown that the strong base connections recommended by the current design method may not always lead to conservative design. A second-phase failure mechanism observed in numerical modelling, and the critical temperature at which final run-away collapse occurs, may be higher than the temperature at which the roof frame initially loses its stability, because a re-stabilisation often happens.  A new method for estimating critical temperatures of portal frames in fire, using these two failure mechanisms, is presented. Numerical tests on typical industrial frames are used to calibrate this new method. 

  1. A potential portal flow in the inner ear

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Morten; Qvortrup, Klaus

    2007-01-01

    . The endolymphatic sac has been implicated as a potential endocrine gland, which venules drain to the VVA. A reversal of the direction of flow in the VVA toward the inner ear could, through vestibular arteriovenous anastomosis, cause portal circulation in the inner ear. STUDY DESIGN: The authors conducted...... an experimental animal study using in vivo fluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: Obstructing the distal part of the VVA just before it empties into the sigmoid sinus immediately reverses the flow of blood in the VVA toward the inner ear. CONCLUSIONS: After an obstruction of the VVA, the drained venous blood from...... the endolymphatic sac may enter a portal circulation in the inner ear, which could cause disturbances in the endolymph homeostasis and potentially symptoms as seen in Meniere disease....

  2. Portal vein thrombosis with renal cell carcinoma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Elia, Carolina; Cerruto, Maria Angela; Molinari, Alberto; Piovesan, Raffaella; Cavicchioli, Francesca; Minja, Anila; Novella, Giovanni; Artibani, Walter

    2014-01-01

    Portal vein thrombosis refers to an obstruction of blood flow in the portal vein; this rare disease can be both local and systemic. Local risk factors, accounting for about 70% of cases, can be abdominal cancers, inflammatory of infective diseases, surgical procedures or cirrhosis. A 62-year-old man, affected by hypertension and taking acetylsalicylic acid after a myocardial infarction in 1994, developed deep venous thrombosis on the right leg. Six months later the patient was admitted to the emergency unit due to abdominal pain. A CT scan revealed the presence of a complete splanchnic vein thrombosis and a primary tumor on the right kidney. The patient was treated with total parenteral nutrition and intravenous solution of heparin sodium first and then, because of occurrence of allergy, fondaparinux, with improvement of the abdominal pain. Subsequently he underwent right radical nephrectomy.

  3. MaxOcc: a web portal for maximum occurrence analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertini, Ivano; Ferella, Lucio; Luchinat, Claudio; Parigi, Giacomo; Petoukhov, Maxim V; Ravera, Enrico; Rosato, Antonio; Svergun, Dmitri I

    2012-08-01

    The MaxOcc web portal is presented for the characterization of the conformational heterogeneity of two-domain proteins, through the calculation of the Maximum Occurrence that each protein conformation can have in agreement with experimental data. Whatever the real ensemble of conformations sampled by a protein, the weight of any conformation cannot exceed the calculated corresponding Maximum Occurrence value. The present portal allows users to compute these values using any combination of restraints like pseudocontact shifts, paramagnetism-based residual dipolar couplings, paramagnetic relaxation enhancements and small angle X-ray scattering profiles, given the 3D structure of the two domains as input. MaxOcc is embedded within the NMR grid services of the WeNMR project and is available via the WeNMR gateway at http://py-enmr.cerm.unifi.it/access/index/maxocc . It can be used freely upon registration to the grid with a digital certificate.

  4. Screening portal, system and method of using same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linker, Kevin L.; Hunter, John A.; Brusseau, Charles A.

    2013-04-30

    A portal, system and method for screening an object for a target substance is provided. The portal includes an inflatable bladder expandable to form a test space for receiving the object and a plurality of nozzles positioned about the inflatable bladder. The nozzles are in fluid communication with a fluid source for directing air over the object whereby samples are removed from the object for examination. A collector is operatively connected to the inflatable bladder for collecting the samples removed from the object. A detector is operatively connected to the collector for examining the removed samples for the presence of the target substance. At least one preconcentrator may be operatively connected to the collector for concentrating the samples collected thereby.

  5. The dark Z′ portal: direct, indirect and collider searches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Alexandre [Departamento de Ciências Exatas e da Terra, Universidade Federal de São Paulo,Diadema-SP, 09972-270 (Brazil); Profumo, Stefano; Queiroz, Farinaldo S. [Department of Physics and Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California,Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2014-04-09

    We perform a detailed study of the dark Z′ portal using a generic parametrization of the Z′-quarks couplings, both for light (8–15) GeV and heavy (100–1000) GeV dark matter scenarios. We present a comprehensive study of the collider phenomenology including jet clustering, hadronization, and detector artifacts, which allows us to derive accurate bounds from the search for new resonances in dijet events and from mono-jet events in the LHC 7 TeV, LHC 8 TeV, and Tevatron 1.96 TeV data. We also compute the dark matter relic abundance, the relevant scattering cross sections and pair-annihilation spectrum, and compare our results with the current PLANCK, Fermi-LAT and XENON100/LUX bounds. Lastly, we highlight the importance of complementary searches for dark matter, and outline the excluded versus still viable parameter space regions of the dark Z′ portal.

  6. Portal hyperflow in patients with hepatosplenic mansonic schistosomiasis Hiperfluxo portal na forma hepatosplênica da esquistossomose mansônica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto de Cleva

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess portal hemodynamics in patients with portal hypertension due to hepatosplenic schistosomiasis as well as to assess the contribution of splanchnic hyperflow to the pathophysiology of the portal hypertension. METHODS: Sixteen patients with schistosomal portal hypertension and previous history of upper digestive bleeding due to esophageal varices rupture underwent elective esophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy and were prospectively studied. All patients underwent intraoperative invasive hemodynamic portal monitoring with a 4F-thermodilution catheter. The intraoperative portal hemodynamic assessment was conducted after laparotomy (initial and after esophagogastric devascularization (final. RESULTS: The initial portal pressure was elevated (mean 28.5 ± 4.5 mm Hg, and a significant drop of 25% was observed at the end of the surgery (21.9 ± 4.9 mm Hg. The initial portal flow was elevated (mean 1766.9 ± 686.6 mL/min. A significant fall (42% occurred at the end of the surgical procedure (1025.62 ± 338.7 mL/min. Fourteen patients (87.5% presented a portal flow of more than 1200 mL/min, and in 5 cases, values greater than 2000 mL/min were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Esophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy promote a significant reduction of the elevated portal pressure and flow in schistosomal portal hypertension. These data favor the hypothesis of portal hyperflow in the physiopathology of portal hypertension of schistosomiasis.OBJETIVOS: o objetivo do presente estudo é estudar a hemodinâmica portal em pacientes com hipertensão portal secundária a forma hepatoesplênica da esquistossomose e avaliar a contribuição do hiperfluxo esplênico na sua fisiopatologia CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Foram estudados prospectivamente 16 pacientes portadores de hipertensão portal secundária à forma hepatoesplênica da esquistossomose mansônica com indicação de tratamento cirúrgico. Todos foram

  7. Portal vein thrombosis: Etiology and clinical outcome of cirrhosis and malignancy-related non-cirrhotic, non-tumoral extrahepatic portal venous obstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The etiology and pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis are unclear. Portal venous thrombosis presentation differs in cirrhotic and tumor-related versus non-cirrhotic and non-tumoral extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO). Non-cirrhotic and non-tumoral EHPVO patients are young and present with well tolerated bleeding.Cirrhosis and tumor-related portal vein thrombosis patients are older and have a grim prognosis. Among the 118 patients with portal vein thrombosis, 15.3% had cirrhosis, 42.4% had liver malignancy (primary or metastatic), 6% had pancreatitis (acute or chronic), 5% had hypercoagulable state and 31.3% had idiopathy,12% had hypercoagulable state in the EHPVO group.

  8. Establishment and characterization of rat portal myofibroblast cell lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Fausther

    Full Text Available The major sources of scar-forming myofibroblasts during liver fibrosis are activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC and portal fibroblasts (PF. In contrast to well-characterized HSC, PF remain understudied and poorly defined. This is largely due to the facts that isolation of rodent PF for functional studies is technically challenging and that PF cell lines had not been established. To address this, we have generated two polyclonal portal myofibroblast cell lines, RGF and RGF-N2. RGF and RGF-N2 were established from primary PF isolated from adult rat livers that underwent culture activation and subsequent SV40-mediated immortalization. Specifically, Ntpdase2/Cd39l1-sorted primary PF were used to generate the RGF-N2 cell line. Both cell lines were functionally characterized by RT-PCR, immunofluorescence, immunoblot and bromodeoxyuridine-based proliferation assay. First, immortalized RGF and RGF-N2 cells are positive for phenotypic myofibroblast markers alpha smooth muscle actin, type I collagen alpha-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1, PF-specific markers elastin, type XV collagen alpha-1 and Ntpdase2/Cd39l1, and mesenchymal cell marker ecto-5'-nucleotidase/Cd73, while negative for HSC-specific markers desmin and lecithin retinol acyltransferase. Second, both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines are readily transfectable using standard methods. Finally, RGF and RGF-N2 cells attenuate the growth of Mz-ChA-1 cholangiocarcinoma cells in co-culture, as previously demonstrated for primary PF. Immortalized rat portal myofibroblast RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines express typical markers of activated PF-derived myofibroblasts, are suitable for DNA transfection, and can effectively inhibit cholangiocyte proliferation. Both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines represent novel in vitro cellular models for the functional studies of portal (myofibroblasts and their contribution to the progression of liver fibrosis.

  9. Feasibility of portal dosimetry for flattening filter-free radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuter, Robert W; Rixham, Philip A; Weston, Steve J; Cosgrove, Vivian P

    2016-01-08

    The feasibility of using portal dosimetry (PD) to verify 6 MV flattening filter-free (FFF) IMRT treatments was investigated. An Elekta Synergy linear accelerator with an Agility collimator capable of delivering FFF beams and a standard iViewGT amorphous silicon (aSi) EPID panel (RID 1640 AL5P) at a fixed SSD of 160 cm were used. Dose rates for FFF beams are up to four times higher than for conventional flattened beams, meaning images taken at maximum FFF dose rate can saturate the EPID. A dose rate of 800 MU/min was found not to saturate the EPID for open fields. This dose rate was subsequently used to characterize the EPID for FFF portal dosimetry. A range of open and phantom fields were measured with both an ion chamber and the EPID, to allow comparison between the two. The measured data were then used to create a model within The Nederlands Kanker Instituut's (NKI's) portal dosimetry software. The model was verified using simple square fields with a range of field sizes and phantom thicknesses. These were compared to calculations performed with the Monaco treatment planning system (TPS) and isocentric ion chamber measurements. It was found that the results for the FFF verification were similar to those for flattened beams with testing on square fields, indicating a difference in dose between the TPS and portal dosimetry of approximately 1%. Two FFF IMRT plans (prostate and lung SABR) were delivered to a homogeneous phantom and showed an overall dose difference at isocenter of ~0.5% and good agreement between the TPS and PD dose distributions. The feasibility of using the NKI software without any modifications for high-dose-rate FFF beams and using a standard EPID detector has been investigated and some initial limitations highlighted.

  10. Portal de aguas y tierras del Perú: FAO

    OpenAIRE

    Ministerio de Agricultura; Martínez Ríos, Clara; Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales

    2002-01-01

    Presenta el informe final del Portal de Recursos de Aguas y Tierras que INRENA tiene el compromiso de elaborar con el apoyo financiero de la FAO. En este sentido, recopila y analiza información para establecer la descripción de los recursos de la tierra, agua y nutrientes de las plantas, asimismo describe en forma general la situación del Perú.

  11. A Pan-European and Cross-Discipline Metadata Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widmann, Heinrich; Thiemann, Hannes; Lautenschlager, Michael

    2014-05-01

    In recent years, significant investments have been made to create a pan-European e-infrastructure supporting multiple and diverse research communities. This led to the establishment of the community-driven European Data Infrastructure (EUDAT) project that implements services to tackle the specific challenges of international and interdisciplinary research data management. The EUDAT metadata service B2FIND plays a central role in this context as a repository and a search portal for the diverse metadata collected from heterogeneous sources. For this we built up a comprehensive joint metadata catalogue and an open data portal and offer support for new communities interested in publishing their data within EUDAT. The implemented metadata ingestion workflow consists in three steps. First the metadata records - provided either by various research communities or via other EUDAT services - are harvested. Afterwards the raw metadata records are converted and mapped to unified key-value dictionaries. The semantic mapping of the non-uniform community specific metadata to homogenous structured datasets is hereby the most subtle and challenging task. Finally the mapped records are uploaded as datasets to the catalogue and displayed in the portal. The homogenisation of the different community specific data models and vocabularies enables not only the unique presentation of these datasets as tables of field-value pairs but also the faceted, spatial and temporal search in the B2FIND metadata portal. Furthermore the service provides transparent access to the scientific data objects through the given references in the metadata. We present here the functionality and the features of the B2FIND service and give an outlook of further developments.

  12. Web portal on environmental sciences "ATMOS''

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. P. Gordov

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The developed under INTAS grant web portal ATMOS (http://atmos.iao.ru and http://atmos.scert.ru makes available to the international research community, environmental managers, and the interested public, a bilingual information source for the domain of Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry, and the related application domain of air quality assessment and management. It offers access to integrated thematic information, experimental data, analytical tools and models, case studies, and related information and educational resources compiled, structured, and edited by the partners into a coherent and consistent thematic information resource. While offering the usual components of a thematic site such as link collections, user group registration, discussion forum, news section etc., the site is distinguished by its scientific information services and tools: on-line models and analytical tools, and data collections and case studies together with tutorial material. The portal is organized as a set of interrelated scientific sites, which addressed basic branches of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Modeling as well as the applied domains of Air Quality Assessment and Management, Modeling, and Environmental Impact Assessment. Each scientific site is open for external access information-computational system realized by means of Internet technologies. The main basic science topics are devoted to Atmospheric Chemistry, Atmospheric Spectroscopy and Radiation, Atmospheric Aerosols, Atmospheric Dynamics and Atmospheric Models, including climate models. The portal ATMOS reflects current tendency of Environmental Sciences transformation into exact (quantitative sciences and is quite effective example of modern Information Technologies and Environmental Sciences integration. It makes the portal both an auxiliary instrument to support interdisciplinary projects of regional environment and extensive educational resource in this important domain.

  13. Microbes Online: an integrated portal for comparative functional genomics

    OpenAIRE

    Arkin, Adam P.

    2014-01-01

    Since 2003, MicrobesOnline (http://www.microbesonline.org) has been providing a community resource for comparative and functional genome analysis. The portal includes over 1000 complete genomes of bacteria, archaea and fungi, as well as 1000s of viruses and plasmids. In addition to standard comparative genomic analysis, including gene prediction, sequence homology, domain identification, gene family assignments and functional annotations from E.C. and GO, MicrobesOnline integrates data from ...

  14. MicrobesOnline: an integrated portal for comparative functional genomics

    OpenAIRE

    Joachimiak, Marcin P.

    2014-01-01

    The Virtual Institute for Microbial Stress and Survival (VIMSS, http://vimss.lbl.gov/) funded by the Dept. of Energy's Genomics:GTL Program, is dedicated to using integrated environmental, functional genomic, and comparative sequence and phylogeny data to understand mechanisms by which microbes and microbial communities survive in uncertain environments while carrying out processes of interest for bioremediation and energy generation. To support this work, VIMSS has developed a Web portal, al...

  15. Project Portal User-Centered Design and Engineering Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    participants across the Center. Thirty-two SSC Pacific employees (civilian and enlisted) participated through randomized targeting of a diverse...working with different software solutions. These users inherently don’t trust the portal website. Because of this distrust , the users constantly need...how the interface should handle this situation was violated, leading to confusion and distrust in the interface to give the correct output. As

  16. The SNS/HFIR Web Portal System for SANS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Stuart I.; Miller, Stephen D.; Bilheux, Jean-Christophe; Reuter, Michael A.; Peterson, Peter F.; Kohl, James A.; Trater, James R.; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S.; Lynch, Vickie E.; Green, Mark L.

    2010-10-01

    The new generation of neutron scattering instruments being built are higher resolution and produce one or more orders of magnitude larger data than the previous generation of instruments. For instance, we have grown out of being able to perform some important tasks with our laptops. The data sizes are too big and the computational time would be too long. These large datasets can be problematic as facility users now begin to struggle with many of the same issues faced by more established computing communities. These issues include data access, management, and movement, data format standards, distributed computing, and collaboration with others. The Neutron Science Portal has been designed, and implemented to provide users with an easy-to-use interface for managing and processing data, while also keeping an eye on meeting modern computer security requirements that are currently being imposed on institutions. Users can browse or search for data which they are allowed to see, run data reduction and analysis applications, perform sample activation calculations and perform McStas simulations. Collaboration is facilitated by providing users a read/writeable common area, shared across all experiment team members. The portal currently has over 370 registered users; almost 7TB of experiment and user data, approximately 1,000,000 files cataloged, and had almost 10,000 unique visits last year. Future directions for enhancing portal robustness include examining how to mirror data and portal services, better facilitation of collaborations via virtual organizations, enhancing disconnected service via "thick client" applications, and better inter-facility connectivity to support cross-cutting research.

  17. The SNS/HFIR Web Portal System for SANS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, Stuart I; Miller, Stephen D; Bilheux, Jean-Christophe; Reuter, Michael A; Peterson, Peter F; Kohl, James A; Trater, James R; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S; Lynch, Vickie E [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States); Green, Mark L, E-mail: campbellsi@ornl.go [Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2010-10-01

    The new generation of neutron scattering instruments being built are higher resolution and produce one or more orders of magnitude larger data than the previous generation of instruments. For instance, we have grown out of being able to perform some important tasks with our laptops. The data sizes are too big and the computational time would be too long. These large datasets can be problematic as facility users now begin to struggle with many of the same issues faced by more established computing communities. These issues include data access, management, and movement, data format standards, distributed computing, and collaboration with others. The Neutron Science Portal has been designed, and implemented to provide users with an easy-to-use interface for managing and processing data, while also keeping an eye on meeting modern computer security requirements that are currently being imposed on institutions. Users can browse or search for data which they are allowed to see, run data reduction and analysis applications, perform sample activation calculations and perform McStas simulations. Collaboration is facilitated by providing users a read/writeable common area, shared across all experiment team members. The portal currently has over 370 registered users; almost 7TB of experiment and user data, approximately 1,000,000 files cataloged, and had almost 10,000 unique visits last year. Future directions for enhancing portal robustness include examining how to mirror data and portal services, better facilitation of collaborations via virtual organizations, enhancing disconnected service via 'thick client' applications, and better inter-facility connectivity to support cross-cutting research.

  18. Online Marketing Strategy for a browser games portal

    OpenAIRE

    Vinaixa Campos, Joan

    2008-01-01

    The Browser games industry: Introduction and description of browser games and browser games portals. Description of the main characteristics that define the browser games industry and its competitive environment. Analysis of all the factors that need to be considered in order to make a successful market entry. Online marketing techniques: Introduction and description to the main online marketing techniques that exist to market a product or service in internet: Search Engine Marketing...

  19. Dark matter in GUT inspired $Z^\\prime$ portal scenarios

    OpenAIRE

    Pierre, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    We consider simple dark matter extensions of the standard model in $Z^\\prime$ portal scenarios inspired by grand unification theory constructions and we study the phenomenology of such models by considering Spin Dependent and Spin Independent direct detection constraints, confronting the canonical thermally produced dark matter scenario and we show that in this simple framework the combination and the complementary of these constraints is a powerful tool to derive stringent bounds and to redu...

  20. Online Marketing Strategy for a browser games portal

    OpenAIRE

    Vinaixa Campos, Joan

    2008-01-01

    The Browser games industry: Introduction and description of browser games and browser games portals. Description of the main characteristics that define the browser games industry and its competitive environment. Analysis of all the factors that need to be considered in order to make a successful market entry. Online marketing techniques: Introduction and description to the main online marketing techniques that exist to market a product or service in internet: Search Engine Marketing...

  1. Portal hypertension and variceal bleeding: Clinical and pharmacological aspects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hobolth, Lise

    2010-01-01

    Blødende esophagus varicer er en af den mest frygtede komplikationer til cirrose og portal hypertension pga. den høje mortalitet. Et klassisk studie fra 1981 opgjorde 6-ugers mortaliteten til 42%, hvoraf 75% døde indenfor den første uge. Gennem de sidste 2-3 årtier er der introduceret en række nye...

  2. Dark matter in GUT inspired $Z^\\prime$ portal scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Pierre, Mathias

    2016-01-01

    We consider simple dark matter extensions of the standard model in $Z^\\prime$ portal scenarios inspired by grand unification theory constructions and we study the phenomenology of such models by considering Spin Dependent and Spin Independent direct detection constraints, confronting the canonical thermally produced dark matter scenario and we show that in this simple framework the combination and the complementary of these constraints is a powerful tool to derive stringent bounds and to reduce the viable parameter space of the model.

  3. Non-linear Higgs portal to Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Bajo, Rocío del Rey

    2016-01-01

    The Higgs portal to scalar Dark Matter is considered in the context of non-linearly realised electroweak symmetry breaking. We determine the interactions of gauge bosons and the physical Higgs particle $h$ to a scalar singlet Dark Matter candidate $S$ in an effective description. The main phenomenological differences with respect to the standard scenario can be seen in the Dark Matter relic abundance, in direct/indirect searches and in signals at colliders.

  4. Supporting the education evidence portal via text mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ananiadou, Sophia; Thompson, Paul; Thomas, James; Mu, Tingting; Oliver, Sandy; Rickinson, Mark; Sasaki, Yutaka; Weissenbacher, Davy; McNaught, John

    2010-01-01

    The UK Education Evidence Portal (eep) provides a single, searchable, point of access to the contents of the websites of 33 organizations relating to education, with the aim of revolutionizing work practices for the education community. Use of the portal alleviates the need to spend time searching multiple resources to find relevant information. However, the combined content of the websites of interest is still very large (over 500 000 documents and growing). This means that searches using the portal can produce very large numbers of hits. As users often have limited time, they would benefit from enhanced methods of performing searches and viewing results, allowing them to drill down to information of interest more efficiently, without having to sift through potentially long lists of irrelevant documents. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC)-funded ASSIST project has produced a prototype web interface to demonstrate the applicability of integrating a number of text-mining tools and methods into the eep, to facilitate an enhanced searching, browsing and document-viewing experience. New features include automatic classification of documents according to a taxonomy, automatic clustering of search results according to similar document content, and automatic identification and highlighting of key terms within documents. PMID:20643679

  5. Stakeholder Expectations of Service Quality in a University Web Portal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Mary; Evermann, Joerg; Hope, Beverley; Barnes, Stuart

    Online service quality is a much-studied concept. There is considerable evidence that user expectations and perceptions of self-service and online service quality differ in different business domains. In addition, the nature of online services is continually changing and universities have been at the forefront of this change, with university websites increasingly acting as a portal for a wide range of online transactions for a wide range of stakeholders. In this qualitative study, we conduct focus groups with a range of stakeholders in a university web portal. Our study offers a number of insights into the changing nature of the relationship between organisations and customers. New technologies are influencing customer expectations. Customers increasingly expect organisations to have integrated information systems, and to utilise new technologies such as SMS and web portals. Organisations can be slow to adopt a customer-centric viewpoint, and persist in providing interfaces that are inconsistent or require inside knowledge of organisational structures and processes. This has a negative effect on customer perceptions.

  6. Splenic artery embolisation for portal hypertention in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meisheri Ila

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Bleeding from esophageal varices is one of the most common causes of serious gastrointestinal haemorrhage in children. We analysed our experience with the use of splenic artery embolisation and variceal sclerotherapy for bleeding oesophageal varices. Patients and Methods: Records of all patients treated for bleeding oesophageal varices caused by portal hypertension from 1998 to 2004 were retrospectively analysed. Patients were followed up for five years. Results: Out of 25 patients treated, ten belonged to sclerotherapy (group A, eight to combined sclerotherapy and embolisation (group B, and seven to only embolisation (group C. The patients were selected randomly, only two patients who had active bleed recently were directly sclerosed. The splenic artery was embolised at the hilum using steel coils in 15 patients with portal hypertension and hypersplenism. Follow-up findings showed decrease in splenic mass, varices, and hyperdynamic flow. Conclusion: In spite of few patients and a short period of follow-up, our results pointed out that a serious consideration should be given to this procedure, as it slowed the sequel of portal hypertension and the complications associated with it. Patients who were embolised and followed up for five years had lesser rebleeds and complications than sclerotherapy patients.

  7. Portal annular pancreas: a systematic review of a clinical challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harnoss, Jonathan M; Harnoss, Julian C; Diener, Markus K; Contin, Pietro; Ulrich, Alexis B; Büchler, Markus W; Schmitz-Winnenthal, Friedrich H

    2014-10-01

    Portal annular pancreas (PAP) is an asymptomatic congenital pancreas anomaly, in which portal and/or mesenteric veins are encased by pancreas tissue. The aim of the study was to determine the role of PAP in pancreatic surgery as well as its management and potential complication, specifically, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF).On the basis of a case report, the MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science databases were systematically reviewed up to September 2012. All articles describing a case of PAP were considered.In summary, 21 studies with 59 cases were included. The overall prevalence of PAP was 2.4% and the patients' mean (SD) age was 55.9 (16.2) years. The POPF rate in patients with PAP (12 pancreaticoduodenectomies and 3 distal pancreatectomies) was 46.7% (in accordance with the definition of the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery).Portal annular pancreas is a quite unattended pancreatic variant with high prevalence and therefore still remains a clinical challenge to avoid postoperative complications. To decrease the risk for POPF, attentive preoperative diagnostics should also focus on PAP. In pancreaticoduodenectomy, a shift of the resection plane to the pancreas tail should be considered; in extensive pancreatectomy, coverage of the pancreatic remnant by the falciform ligament could be a treatment option.

  8. Comparison between single and three portal laparoscopic splenectomy in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalaj Alireza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS is a newly growing technique to replace a more invasive conventional multiple portal laparoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to compare single (SILS with three portal (Conventional laparoscopic splenectomy in dogs. Mongrel dogs (n = 18, weighting 15 ± 3 kg, were selected for this study (n = 12 SILS; n = 6 conventional. The area from xiphoid to pubis was prepared under aseptic conditions in dorsal recumbency with the head down and tilted 30 degree in the right lateral position. Pneumoperitoneum was established by CO2 using an automatic high flow pressure until achieving 12 mm Hg. Instrumentation used consisted of curved flexible-tip 5 mm Maryland forceps and ultracision harmonic scalpel for sealing and cutting of the vessels and splenic attachments. Results All dogs recovered uneventfully. The splenectomy procedure using SILS and conventional methods were significantly different in the respective operative time (29.1 ± 1.65 vs. 42.0 + 2.69 min and the length of the surgical scar (51.6 ± 1.34 mm vs. 72.0 ± 1.63 mm; P  Conclusion This study demonstrated that SILS is a safe and feasible operation and could be used as an alternative approach to three portal (Conventional for splenectomy in dog.

  9. A Knowledge Portal and Collaboration Environment for the Earth Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Agnese, F. A.

    2008-12-01

    Earth Knowledge is developing a web-based 'Knowledge Portal and Collaboration Environment' that will serve as the information-technology-based foundation of a modular Internet-based Earth-Systems Monitoring, Analysis, and Management Tool. This 'Knowledge Portal' is essentially a 'mash- up' of web-based and client-based tools and services that support on-line collaboration, community discussion, and broad public dissemination of earth and environmental science information in a wide-area distributed network. In contrast to specialized knowledge-management or geographic-information systems developed for long- term and incremental scientific analysis, this system will exploit familiar software tools using industry standard protocols, formats, and APIs to discover, process, fuse, and visualize existing environmental datasets using Google Earth and Google Maps. An early form of these tools and services is being used by Earth Knowledge to facilitate the investigations and conversations of scientists, resource managers, and citizen-stakeholders addressing water resource sustainability issues in the Great Basin region of the desert southwestern United States. These ongoing projects will serve as use cases for the further development of this information-technology infrastructure. This 'Knowledge Portal' will accelerate the deployment of Earth- system data and information into an operational knowledge management system that may be used by decision-makers concerned with stewardship of water resources in the American Desert Southwest.

  10. A Community-oriented CEOS Atmospheric Composition Portal (ACP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernonville, S.; Goussev, O.; Falke, S.; Lindsay, F.; Lynnes, C. S.; Yang, W.; Zhao, P.; Johnson, J.

    2012-04-01

    The Atmospheric Composition Constellation (ACC) and the Workgroup for Information Systems and Services (WGISS) within the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) is developing a portal to support interoperability among the atmospheric composition research and applications communities. The CEOS Atmospheric Composition Portal (ACP) is defining approaches for providing data access, tools and contextual guidance for an international suite of remote sensing datasets. An initial prototype provides access to data services and analysis tools hosted by the World Data Center for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere (WDC-RSAT), NASA's Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC) and DataFed. Distributed access to data is implemented via interoperability standards, including the Open Geospatial Consortium's (OGC) Web Map Service (WMS) and Web Coverage Service (WCS). A fundamental aspect to the design, implementation and evolution of the ACP is community collaboration. The portal is intended as a community resource that is created through collaboration across remotely sensed atmospheric composition data organizations and used by a variety of groups across the climate, air quality, and stratospheric ozone domains. The implementation of interoperability standards in the ACP has involved coordination on identifying the most applicable standards and the definition of community-specific conventions to ensure consistent adoption of standards. This presentation includes an overview of the ACP, its community oriented approach, and use of community-conventions in achieving standards-based interoperability.

  11. Front-end electronics for the Muon Portal project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garozzo, S.; Marano, D.; Bonanno, G.; Grillo, A.; Romeo, G.; Timpanaro, M. C.; Lo Presti, D.; Riggi, F.; Russo, V.; Bonanno, D.; La Rocca, P.; Longhitano, F.; Bongiovanni, D. G.; Fallica, G.; Valvo, G.

    2016-10-01

    The Muon Portal Project was born as a joint initiative between Italian research and industrial partners, aimed at the construction of a real-size working detector prototype to inspect the content of traveling containers by means of secondary cosmic-ray muon radiation and recognize potentially dangerous hidden materials. The tomographic image is obtained by reconstructing the incoming and outgoing muon trajectories when crossing the inspected volume, employing two tracker planes located above and below the container under inspection. In this paper, the design and development of the front-end electronics of the Muon Portal detector is presented, with particular emphasis being devoted to the photo-sensor devices detecting the scintillation light and to the read-out circuitry which is in charge of processing and digitizing the analog pulse signals. In addition, the remote control system, mechanical housing, and thermal cooling system of all structural blocks of the Muon Portal tracker are also discussed, demonstrating the effectiveness and functionality of the adopted design.

  12. BELIEF Project: the Portal and the Digital Library

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoppi, F.; Calabro, G.

    2007-07-01

    BELIEF (Bringing Europes eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers) Project aim to create a platform where eInfrastructures providers and users can collaborate and exchange knowledge, which will help ensure that eInfrastructures are developed and used effectively worldwide, filling the gap separating the Research Infrastructure providers from the users, and thus contribute to the emergence of a competitive knowledge-based economy. To create this synergy of multi-disciplinary Research Infrastructure communities, BELIEF created a one-stop-shop for eInfrastructures communities providing online a Digital Library (DL) and a Portal with a search and contact facility, case studies, a discussion forum, eInfrastructures publications. Offline, it has organised events including brainstorming, networking workshops and international conferences and publications, since BELIEFs values are firmly rooted in international cooperation to the emerging economies, particularly of Latin America and India. The Portal and the DL are key parts of this project. There was an opportunity to provide a ready and common source of information on eInfrastructures, both for the users wanting to find out the supply, and for the providers wanting to extend user base and develop their systems. The Portal and the DL respond to this demand by supplying to researchers documentation that matches their search criteria precisely, according to their interest and professional profile. (Author)

  13. Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients with Portal Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biecker, Erwin

    2013-01-01

    Gastrointestinal bleeding related to portal hypertension is a serious complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. Most patients bleed from esophageal or gastric varices, but bleeding from ectopic varices or portal hypertensive gastropathy is also possible. The management of acute bleeding has changed over the last years. Patients are managed with a combination of endoscopic and pharmacologic treatment. The endoscopic treatment of choice for esophageal variceal bleeding is variceal band ligation. Bleeding from gastric varices is treated by injection with cyanoacrylate. Treatment with vasoactive drugs as well as antibiotic treatment is started before or at the time point of endoscopy. The first-line treatment for primary prophylaxis of esophageal variceal bleeding is nonselective beta blockers. Pharmacologic therapy is recommended for most patients; band ligation is an alternative in patients with contraindications for or intolerability of beta blockers. Treatment options for secondary prophylaxis include variceal band ligation, beta blockers, a combination of nitrates and beta blockers, and combination of band ligation and pharmacologic treatment. A clear superiority of one treatment over the other has not been shown. Bleeding from portal hypertensive gastropathy or ectopic varices is less common. Treatment options include beta blocker therapy, injection therapy, and interventional radiology. PMID:27335828

  14. A Service Portal for the Integrated SCaN Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marx, Sarah R.

    2012-01-01

    The Space Communication and Navigation (SCaN) program office owns the assets and services provided by the Deep Space Network (DSN), Near Earth Network (NEN), and Space Network (SN). At present, these individual networks are operated by different NASA centers--JPL for DSN--and Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) for NEN and SN--with separate commitments offices for each center. In the near future, SCaN's program office would like to deploy an integrated service portal which would merge the two commitments offices with the goal of easing the task of user planning for space missions requiring services of two or more of these networks. Following interviews with subject matter experts in this field, use cases were created to include the services and functionality mission users would like to see in this new integrated service portal. These use cases provide a guideline for a mock-up of the design of the user interface for the portal. The benefit of this work will ease the time required and streamline/standardize the process for planning and scheduling SCAN's services for future space missions.

  15. The Portal to the Universe an IYA2009 Cornerstone Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindberg Christensen, Lars; Gay, P.; IYA2009 TPTTU Cornerstone Task Group

    2008-05-01

    The science of astronomy is extremely fast moving, and delivers new results on a daily basis, often in the form of spectacular news, images of forms and shapes not seen anywhere else, enhanced by illustrations and animations. Public astronomy communication has to develop apace with the other players in the mass market for electronic information such as the gaming and entertainment industries. The problem today is not so much the availability of excellent astronomy multimedia resources for use in education, outreach and the like, but rather finding and accessing these materials. The Portal to the Universe (TPTTU) seeks to fix this problem. The Portal to the Universe (TPTTU) is an IYA2009 Cornerstone project that will feature a comprehensive directory of observatories, facilities, astronomical societies, amateur astronomy societies, space artists, science communication universities, as well as news-, image-, event- and video- aggregators and Web 2.0 collaborative tools for astronomy multimedia community interaction. The Portal will enable innovative access to, and vastly multiply the use of, astronomy multimedia resources - including news, images, videos, events, podcasts, vodcasts etc. as a selective aggregator with a non-painful editorial mechanism in place. This talk will discuss the plans for the TPTTU content as well as the technology and editorial choices behind the scenes.

  16. Portal vein branching order helps in the recognition of anomalous right-sided round ligament: common features and variations in portal vein anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Rikiya; Yamaoka, Toshihide; Nishitai, Ryuta; Isoda, Hiroyoshi; Taura, Kojiro; Arizono, Shigeki; Furuta, Akihiro; Ohno, Tsuyoshi; Ono, Ayako; Togashi, Kaori

    2017-07-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the common features and variations of portal vein anatomy in right-sided round ligament (RSRL), which can help propose a method to detect and diagnose this anomaly. In this retrospective study of 14 patients with RSRL, the branching order of the portal tree was analyzed, with special focus on the relationship between the dorsal branch of the right anterior segmental portal vein (PA-D) and the lateral segmental portal vein (PLL), to determine the common features. The configuration of the portal vein from the main portal trunk to the right umbilical portion (RUP), the inclination of the RUP, and the number and thickness of the ramifications branching from the right anterior segmental portal vein (PA) were evaluated for variations. In all subjects, the diverging point of the PA-D was constantly distal to that of the PLL. The portal vein configuration was I- and Z-shaped in nine and five subjects, respectively. The RUP was tilted to the right in all subjects. In Z-shaped subjects, the portal trunk between the branching point of the right posterior segmental portal vein and that of the PLL was tilted to the left in one subject and was almost parallel to the vertical plane in four subjects. Multiple ramifications were radially distributed from the PA in eight subjects, whereas one predominant PA-D branched from the PA in six subjects. Based on the diverging points of the PA-D and PLL, we proposed a three-step method for the detection and diagnosis of RSRL.

  17. Cumulative Vehicle Routing Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Kara, &#;mdat; Kara, Bahar Yeti&#;; Yeti&#;, M. Kadri

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a new objective function and corresponding formulations for the vehicle routing problem. The new cost function defined as the product of the distance of the arc and the flow on that arc. We call a vehicle routing problem with this new objective function as the Cumulative Vehicle Routing Problem (CumVRP). Integer programming formulations with O(n2) binary variables and O(n2) constraints are developed for both collection and delivery cases. We show that the CumVRP is a gener...

  18. Blast resistant vehicle seat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ripley, Edward B

    2013-02-12

    Disclosed are various seats for vehicles particularly military vehicles that are susceptible to attack by road-bed explosive devices such as land mines or improvised explosive devices. The seats often have rigid seat shells and may include rigid bracing for rigidly securing the seat to the chassis of the vehicle. Typically embodiments include channels and particulate media such as sand disposed in the channels. A gas distribution system is generally employed to pump a gas through the channels and in some embodiments the gas is provided at a pressure sufficient to fluidize the particulate media when an occupant is sitting on the seat.

  19. Blood infection with Enterobacter aerogenes--an unusual cause of portal vein gas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayyaz, Afshan

    2011-01-01

    Portal vein gas was once thought of as an invariably fatal condition. Now, with the availability of better equipment and expertise, the condition is more frequently diagnosed. A case of fever with rigors is presented and on ultrasound and CT examination was found to have portal venous gas which resolved with adequate antibiotic treatment. Blood culture revealed growth of gram negative bacillus; Enterobacter aerogenes. Patient was investigated further for portal vein gas, and although no other cause for the development of portal vein gas was found, she was treated with antibiotics and showed an immediate response. The aim of this case report is to highlight the benign causes of portal vein gas as well as to discuss the causes which warrant immediate surgery. Portal vein gas may herald a more ominous condition, which if intercepted in its course may result in complete cure.

  20. Family perceptions of the usability and value of chronic disease web-based patient portals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byczkowski, Terri L; Munafo, Jennifer K; Britto, Maria T

    2014-06-01

    The objective of this study was to understand perceptions of the usability and value of web-based patient portals among parents of children with a chronic condition (diabetes, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and cystic fibrosis). The design was a cross-sectional telephone survey with semistructured interviews and was conducted at a tertiary children's hospital. Parent ratings of their experiences with and the value of a web-based portal and reasons for not using the portal were ascertained. Most parents agreed that the portal information was accurate, timely, and useful. Confidentiality and seeing worrisome health-related information about their child was not a major concern, and parents felt that the portal helped to improve their understanding of and ability to manage their child's condition. In conclusion, the results of this study support the notion that web-based patient portals have the potential to be a useful tool for parents of children with a chronic disease.