WorldWideScience

Sample records for vlt high-tech facilities

  1. VLT laser guide star facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccini, Domenico; Allaert, Eric; Araujo, Constanza; Brunetto, Enzo; Buzzoni, Bernard; Comin, Mauro; Cullum, Martin J.; Davies, Richard I.; Dichirico, Canio; Dierickx, Philippe; Dimmler, Martin; Duchateau, Michel; Egedal, Carsten; Hackenberg, Wolfgang K. P.; Hippler, Stefan; Kellner, Stefan; van Kesteren, Arno; Koch, Franz; Neumann, Udo; Ott, Thomas; Quattri, Marco; Quentin, Jutta; Rabien, Sebastian; Tamai, Roberto; Tapia, Mario; Tarenghi, Massimo

    2003-02-01

    We report on the ongoing VLT Laser Guide Star Facility project, which will allow the ESO UT4 telescope to produce an artificial reference star for the Adaptive Optics systems NAOS-CONICA and SINFONI. A custom developed dye laser producing >10W CW at 589nm is installed on-board of the UT4 telescope, then relayed by means of a single mode optical fiber behind the secondary mirror, where a 500mm diameter lightweight, f/1 launch telescope is projecting the laser beam at 90 km altitude. We described the design tradeoffs and provide some details of the chosen subsystems. This paper is an update including subsystems results, to be read together with our previous paper on LGSF design description.

  2. ESO VLT laser guide star facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccini, Domenico; Hackenberg, Wolfgang K.; Cullum, Martin J.; Brunetto, Enzo; Ott, Thomas; Quattri, Marco; Allaert, Eric; Dimmler, Martin; Tarenghi, Massimo; Van Kersteren, A.; Di Chirico, C.; Buzzoni, Bernard; Gray, Peter; Tamai, R.; Tapia, M.

    2002-02-01

    We report in this paper on the design and progress of the ESO Laser Guide Star Facility. The project will create a user facility embedded in UT4, to produce in the Earth's Mesosphere Laser Guide Stars, which extend the sky coverage of Adaptive Optics systems on the VLT UT4 telescope. Embedded into the project are provisions for multiple LGS to cope with second generation MCAO instruments.

  3. Progress on the VLT Adaptive Optics Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, R.; Madec, P.-Y.; Paufique, J.; Ströbele, S.; Pirard, J.-F.; Vernet, É.; Hackenberg, W.; Hubin, N.; Jochum, L.; Kuntschner, H.; Glindemann, A.; Amico, P.; Lelouarn, M.; Kolb, J.; Tordo, S.; Donaldson, R.; Sã¶Nke, C.; Bonaccini Calia, D.; Conzelmann, R.; Delabre, B.; Kiekebusch, M.; Duhoux, P.; Guidolin, I.; Quattri, M.; Guzman, R.; Buzzoni, B.; Comin, M.; Dupuy, C.; Quentin, J.; Lizon, J.-L.; Silber, A.; Jolly, P.; Manescau, A.; Hammersley, P.; Reyes, J.; Jost, A.; Duchateau, M.; Heinz, V.; Bechet, C.; Stuik, R.

    2010-12-01

    The Very Large Telescope (VLT) Adaptive Optics Facility is a project that will transform one of the VLT's Unit Telescopes into an adaptive telescope that includes a deformable mirror in its optical train. For this purpose the secondary mirror is to be replaced by a thin shell deformable mirror; it will be possible to launch four laser guide stars from the centrepiece and two adaptive optics modules are being developed to feed the instruments HAWK-I and MUSE. These modules implement innovative correction modes for seeing improvement through ground layer adaptive optics and, for high Strehl ratio performance, laser tomography adaptive correction. The performance of these modes will be tested in Europe with a custom test bench called ASSIST. The project has completed its final design phase and concluded an intense phase of procurement; the year 2011 will see the beginning of assembly, integration and tests.

  4. High Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Manterola, Javier; Fernández Casado, S.A., Carlos

    1987-01-01

    "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

  5. High Tech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manterola, Javier

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

    "High Tech" es un movimiento arquitectónico que enfatiza la dimensión tecnológica del edificio como medio de expresión. Su investigación se fija en las diversas estructuras que configuran el edificio, la resistente, la de cerramiento, la de servicios, la de distribución y comunicaciones. Sus resultados son desiguales pues no todos los edificios que surgen de este movimiento son alta tecnología y muchos otros no inscritos en dicho movimiento sí lo son. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers y Norman Foster son sus representantes más destacados.

  6. Identification of ground motion features for high-tech facility under far field seismic waves using wavelet packet transform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shieh-Kung; Loh, Chin-Hsiung; Chen, Chin-Tsun

    2016-04-01

    Seismic records collected from earthquake with large magnitude and far distance may contain long period seismic waves which have small amplitude but with dominant period up to 10 sec. For a general situation, the long period seismic waves will not endanger the safety of the structural system or cause any uncomfortable for human activity. On the contrary, for those far distant earthquakes, this type of seismic waves may cause a glitch or, furthermore, breakdown to some important equipments/facilities (such as the high-precision facilities in high-tech Fab) and eventually damage the interests of company if the amplitude becomes significant. The previous study showed that the ground motion features such as time-variant dominant frequencies extracted using moving window singular spectrum analysis (MWSSA) and amplitude characteristics of long-period waves identified from slope change of ground motion Arias Intensity can efficiently indicate the damage severity to the high-precision facilities. However, embedding a large hankel matrix to extract long period seismic waves make the MWSSA become a time-consumed process. In this study, the seismic ground motion data collected from broadband seismometer network located in Taiwan were used (with epicenter distance over 1000 km). To monitor the significant long-period waves, the low frequency components of these seismic ground motion data are extracted using wavelet packet transform (WPT) to obtain wavelet coefficients and the wavelet entropy of coefficients are used to identify the amplitude characteristics of long-period waves. The proposed method is a timesaving process compared to MWSSA and can be easily implemented for real-time detection. Comparison and discussion on this method among these different seismic events and the damage severity to the high-precision facilities in high-tech Fab is made.

  7. Installation and first results of FLAMES, the VLT multifibre facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquini, Luca; Alonso, Jaime; Avila, Gerardo; Barriga, Pablo; Biereichel, Peter; Buzzoni, Bernard; Cavadore, Cyril; Cumani, Claudio; Dekker, Hans; Delabre, Bernard; Kaufer, Andreas; Kotzlowski, Heinz; Hill, Vanessa; Lizon, Jean-Luis; Nees, Walter; Santin, Paolo; Schmutzer, Ricardo; Kesteren, A. V.; Zoccali, Manuela

    2003-03-01

    FLAMES is the VLT Fibre Facility, installed and being commissioned at the Nasmyth A of UT2 (Kueyen Telescope). FLAMES has been built and assembled at the VLT telescope in about 4 years through an international collaboration between 10 institutes in 6 countries and 3 continents. It had first light with the fibre link to the red arm of UVES on April 1, and with the GIRAFFE spectrograph on July 3. We have not yet enough data to compare the observed vs. expected astronomical performances, although these first data are encouraging in many respects. We aim at proceeding soon with the remaining tests

  8. The VLT Adaptive Optics Facility Project: Telescope Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, Robin; Hubin, Norbert; Stroebele, Stefan; Fedrigo, Enrico; Oberti, Sylvain; Kissler-Patig, Markus; Bacon, Roland; McDermid, Richard; Bonaccini-Calia, Domenico; Biasi, Roberto; Gallieni, Daniele; Riccardi, Armando; Donaldson, Rob; Lelouarn, Miska; Hackenberg, Wolfgang; Conzelman, Ralf; Delabre, Bernard; Stuik, Remko; Paufique, Jerome; Kasper, Markus; Vernet, Elise; Downing, Mark; Esposito, Simone; Duchateau, Michel; Franx, Marijn; Myers, Richard; Goodsell, Steven

    2006-03-01

    The Adaptive Optics Facility is a project to convert UT4 into a specialised Adaptive Telescope. The present secondary mirror (M2) will be replaced by a new M2-Unit hosting a 1170-actuator deformable mirror. The three focal stations will be equipped with instruments adapted to the new capability of this UT. Two instruments have been identified for the two Nasmyth foci: Hawk-I with its AO module GRAAL allowing a Ground Layer Adaptive Optics correction and MUSE with GALACSI for GLAO correction and Laser Tomography Adaptive Optics correction. A future instrument still needs to be defined for the Cassegrain focus. Several guide stars are required for the type of adaptive corrections needed and a Four Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF) is being developed in the scope of the AO Facility. Convex mirrors like the VLT M2 represent a major challenge for testing and a substantial effort is dedicated to this. ASSIST, is a test bench that will allow testing of the Deformable Secondary Mirror and both instruments with simulated turbulence. This article focusses on the telescope systems (Adaptive Secondary, Four Laser Guide Star Facility, RTC platform and ASSIST Test Bench). The following article describes the AO Modules GALACSI and GRAAL.

  9. High-Tech Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Eşsiz

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available The technological development in building and construction area, bring with the new construction systems and the new products. The aim of this study is to define the High Tech concept, and set the common and basic characteristics of High Tech applications. During 1970’s High Tech was born and developed in Britain. Especially British Architects Richard Rogers, Michael Hopkins, Norman Foster, Nicholas Grimshaw and Ian Ritchie are the leaders of this style. Their architecture show the machine aesthetic and use of industrial revoluation materials such as glass and steel. The reasons for wide usage of this technology in building constructions are; the ease of renewing the structural and installation systems by the changing technology and giving monumentality to the prestige buildings. High Tech building which we have many examples of give their occupants a lot of opportunities and also they can adapt itself to the time.

  10. High-tech entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernasconi, Michel; Harris, Simon; Mønsted, Mette

    ; entrepreneurial finance; marketing technological innovations; and high-tech incubation management. Including case studies to give practical insights into genuine business examples, this comprehensive book has a distinctly 'real-world' focus throughout.Edited by a multi-national team, this comprehensive book......High-tech businesses form a crucial part of entrepreneurial activity - in some ways representing very typical examples of entrepreneurship, yet in some ways representing quite different challenges. The uncertainty in innovation and advanced technology makes it difficult to use conventional economic...... planning models, and also means that the management skills used in this area must be more responsive to issues of risk, uncertainty and evaluation than in conventional business opportunities. Whilst entrepreneurial courses do reflect the importance of high-tech businesses, they often lack the resources...

  11. High tech cheating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Mary G

    2006-12-01

    The use of technology has enhanced the convenience, flexibility, and efficiency of both preparatory and continuing education. Unfortunately, academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, has shown a positive correlation with the increased use of technology in education. A review of the literature related to unintended outcomes of the use of technology in nursing education and continuing education was conducted to determine the ethical implications for the nursing profession. Although nursing research dealing with academic and professional misconduct is sparse, evidence suggests that academic dishonesty is a predictor of workplace dishonesty. Given this correlation between unethical classroom behavior and unethical clinical behavior, efforts to staunch academic dishonesty may help allay professional misconduct. A combination of high tech and low tech methods may be used to minimize unethical behaviors among students and practicing professional nurses in order to maintain the integrity of the profession.

  12. Athermal design of the optical tube assemblies for the ESO VLT four laser guidestar facility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henselmans, R.; Nijkerk, M.D.; Lemmen, M.H.J.; Rijnveld, N.; Kamphues, F.G.

    2011-01-01

    TNO is developing the Optical Tube Asssemblies (OTAs) for the ESO VLT Four Laser Guide Star Facility. The OTAs are Galilean 20x beam expanders, expanding a Ø15 mm input beam to a steerable Ø300 mm output beam with a wavefront quality requirement of 50 nm rms. The allowed defocus under the influence

  13. High Tech M&As

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toppenberg, Gustav

    2013-01-01

    of findings are not applicable to the high-tech industry; in fact this industry has many additional challenges. In this study, we aim to explore the process of M&A in the high-tech industry by drawing on extant literature and empirical field work. The paper outlines a research project in progress which...... intends to provide theoretical, empirical and practical contributions in answering the research question: what role does Operations and IT play in creating value in high-tech M&As? The research adds a needed perspective on M&A literature by unveiling unique challenges and opportunities faced by the M...

  14. VLT Laser Guide Star Facility: from one to many LGS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccini, Domenico; Hackenberg, Wolfgang; Cullum, Martin; Brunetto, E.; Quattri, Marco; Quentin, J.; Allaert, E.; Dimmler, M.; Tarenghi, Massimo; van Kesteren, A.; Di Chirico, C.; Egedal, C.; Buzzoni, Bernard; Tamai, Roberto; Tapia, M.; Sarazin, Marc; Pedichini, F.

    The ESO Laser Guide Star Facility is right now going through design phases, converging to an implementation foreseen in 2003. The LGSF has provisions for an upgrade to multiple LGS projection, foreseen in 2005/6 in the ESO Long Range Plan. We will tackle and discuss here the LGSF design choices, with an accent on the multiple LGS operation mode.

  15. The VLT Adaptive Optics Facility Project: Adaptive Optics Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, Robin; Hubin, Norbert; Stroebele, Stefan; Fedrigo, Enrico; Oberti, Sylvain; Kissler-Patig, Markus; Bacon, Roland; McDermid, Richard; Bonaccini-Calia, Domenico; Biasi, Roberto; Gallieni, Daniele; Riccardi, Armando; Donaldson, Rob; Lelouarn, Miska; Hackenberg, Wolfgang; Conzelman, Ralf; Delabre, Bernard; Stuik, Remko; Paufique, Jerome; Kasper, Markus; Vernet, Elise; Downing, Mark; Esposito, Simone; Duchateau, Michel; Franx, Marijn; Myers, Richard; Goodsell, Steven

    2006-03-01

    The Adaptive Optics Facility is a project to convert UT4 into a specialised Adaptive Telescope with the help of a Deformable Secondary Mirror (see previous article). The two instruments that have been identified for the two Nasmyth foci are: Hawk-I with its AO module GRAAL allowing a Ground Layer Adaptive Optics correction (GLAO) and MUSE with GALACSI for GLAO correction and Laser Tomography Adaptive Optics correction. This article describes the AO modules GRAAL and GALACSI and their Real-Time Computers based on SPARTA.

  16. CROPS : high tech agricultural robots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bontsema, J.; Hemming, J.; Pekkeriet, E.J.

    2014-01-01

    In the EU-funded CROPS (Clever Robots for Crops) project high tech robots are developed for site-specific spraying and selective harvesting of fruit and fruit vegetables. The harvesting robots are being designed to harvest high-value crops such as greenhouse vegetables, fruits in orchards and grapes

  17. Validation Through Simulations of a Cn2 Profiler for the ESO/VLT Adaptive Optics Facility

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia-Rissmann, A; Kolb, J; Louarn, M Le; Madec, P -Y; Neichel, B

    2015-01-01

    The Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF) project envisages transforming one of the VLT units into an adaptive telescope and providing its ESO (European Southern Observatory) second generation instruments with turbulence corrected wavefronts. For MUSE and HAWK-I this correction will be achieved through the GALACSI and GRAAL AO modules working in conjunction with a 1170 actuators Deformable Secondary Mirror (DSM) and the new Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF). Multiple wavefront sensors will enable GLAO and LTAO capabilities, whose performance can greatly benefit from a knowledge about the stratification of the turbulence in the atmosphere. This work, totally based on end-to-end simulations, describes the validation tests conducted on a Cn2 profiler adapted for the AOF specifications. Because an absolute profile calibration is strongly dependent on a reliable knowledge of turbulence parameters r0 and L0, the tests presented here refer only to normalized output profiles. Uncertainties in the input parameters inherent t...

  18. Happy Anniversary, VLT !

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-04-01

    Five years at the service of Europe's astronomers VLT 5 Years One of the world's most advanced astronomical research facilities, the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory in the Chilean Atacama desert, celebrates an important anniversary today. On April 1, 1999, and following almost one year of extensive tests and careful trimming of its numerous high-tech parts, the first 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescope, Antu (UT1), was "handed over" to the astronomers. Since that date, science operations with this marvellous research tool have been continuous and intensive. Kueyen (UT2) started normal operations exactly one year later. Yepun (UT4) was offered to the scientific community in June 2001, while Melipal (UT3) followed in August 2001 [1]. Ever since, all four VLT Unit Telescopes, with an ever-growing suite of highly specialised, extremely powerful astronomical instruments have been in full operation, 365 nights a year. And this with unequalled success, as demonstrated by a long list of important scientific results, including a substantial number of exciting discoveries that are now opening new horizons in astrophysics. Moreover, thanks to heroic and persistent efforts by the dedicated teams of ESO scientists and engineers, the "downtime" due to technical problems has been very small, about 3 per cent, a number that is unequalled among the world's large telescope facilities. In addition, the weather conditions at the Paranal site in the dry Atacama desert in Northern Chile are truly excellent - this is indeed one of the best locations for astronomical observations on the surface of the Earth - and the corresponding "weather downtime" has only been around 10 per cent. This has resulted in an unbelievably low value of total downtime, most likely a new world record for ground-based 8-10 m class telescopes. VLT strong points The Very Large Telescope (VLT) is the world's largest and most advanced optical telescope. It comprises four 8.2-m reflecting Unit

  19. Design, analysis and testing of the Optical Tube Assemblies for the ESO VLT Four Laser Guide Star Facility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henselmans, R.; Nijkerk, M.D.; Lemmen, M.H.J.; Rijnveld, N.; Kamphues, F.G.

    2012-01-01

    TNO has developed the Optical Tube Assemblies (OTAs) for the ESO VLT Four Laser Guide Star Facility. The OTAs are Galilean 20x beam expanders, expanding a ∅15 mm input beam (25W, 589 nm CW) to a steerable ∅300 mm output beam. TNO has recently successfully completed acceptance testing of the four uni

  20. High-tech meets end-user

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, M.

    2008-01-01

    One challenge within the high-tech sector is to develop products that end users will actually need and will be able to use. One way of trying to match the design of high-tech products to the needs of end users, is to let researchers and designers interact with them via a human-centred design (HCD) a

  1. The Four-Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF) for the ESO VLT Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackenberg, W.; Bonaccini Calia, D.; Lewis, S.; Holzlohner, R.; Buzzoni, B.; Comin, M.; Dupuy, C.; Guidolin, I. M.; Kern, L.; Quattri, M.; Quentin, J.; Ridings, R.; Argomedo, J.; Arsenault, R.; Conzelmann, R.; Delabre, B.; Donaldson, R.; Downing, M.; Duchateau, M.; Hubin, N.; Igl, G.; Jochum, L.; Jolley, P.; Jost, A.; Kiekebusch, M.; Kolb, J.; Kuntschner, H.; Lizon, J.-L.; Le Louarn, M.; Madec, P.-Y.; Manescau, A.; Paufique, J.; Pirard, J.-F.; Reyes, J.; Silber, A.; Soenke, C.; Stroebele, S.; Stuik, R.; Tordo, S.; Vernet, E.; Collazos, R. Guzman

    2011-09-01

    The 4LGSF is to be installed as a subsystem of the ESO Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF) on Unit Telescope 4 (UT4) of the VLT, to provide the AO systems GALACSI/MUSE and GRAAL/HAWK-I with four sodium laser guide stars. The 4LGSF will deploy four modular LGS Units at the UT4 Centrepiece. Two key aspects of the 4LGSF design are: (i) new industrial laser source (fibre lasers) with reduced volume, reduced need of maintenance, higher reliability, simpler operation and optimised spectral format for highly efficient sodium excitation, (ii) modular structure of the four LGS Units, composed of the laser and laser launch telescope, capable to operate independently of the others. The final design of the 4LGSF is now complete and the project has entered the manufacturing, assembly, integration and test phase. Furthermore, modular LGS units containing the laser emitter integrated on the launch telescope have already been demonstrated at ESO in the past years, and results will be presented. We believe that having the laser sources as an integral part of a modular unit together with the launching system offers many advantages at the system level, including the avoidance of beam relays, retaining the flexibility to use as many LGS as required independently, and the possibility of building redundancy into the system. We believe that many of these 4LGSF concepts can serve for ELT multi-LGS-assisted adaptive telescope designs and provide a valuable experience in advance of the E-ELT.

  2. The 11th High-Tech Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 11th China Beijing International High-Tech Expo,themed as "high-tech Olympics and high-tech innovation",was rounded off successfully on the afternoon of May 25.The Expo,held as planned in such a special period of post-quake relief work,has shown us the power of technology and scientific spirit.It has not only given all the Chinese people the spiritual support and hope for the future but also opened a window for the international community to know more about the Beijing Oympic Games and the development of science and technology in China.

  3. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  4. Development of High-Tech Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theuerkauf, Walter E.

    High tech systems not only generate new structures in the production process, but also involve profound changes in job organization, which in turn imply that job qualifications must be modified. In view of the changes within engineering systems and the relevant technologies, it seems expedient to choose a curricular approach based on the concepts…

  5. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  6. Interpersonal Communication in High Tech Culture: Eastern or Western?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isenhart, Myra W.

    1987-01-01

    Investigates interpersonal communication in a high tech organization to test the association between high tech organizations and Western styles of symbolic interaction. Takes a diagnostic, rather than prescriptive, approach to organizational change. (MM)

  7. Differentiating Criteria for High-Tech Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rostek Katarzyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing companies operating within the high-technology sector are of interest to science, industry and national authorities because of the special economic importance attached to them. However, in order to investigate the condition of those companies, support their growth and monitor the effects of the aid awarded to them, it is first necessary to properly identify the business entities belonging to that sector. To identify the entities belonging to the high-technology industry, it is necessary to perform a sequence of activities which form the procedural algorithm. Usefulness of the algorithm has been verified using the example of a group of Warsaw high-tech companies which were subject to investigation under the European project Warsaw Entrepreneurship Forum. The algorithm could be used as the basis for the implementation of an IT tool for the identification and description of high-tech businesses.

  8. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  9. The High-Tech Industry and Its Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, James; Belovics, Robert

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide counselors, academic advisers, and career coaches with a basic understanding of the current state of the high-technology (high-tech) industry in the United States and the people who work in it. A profile of a high-tech worker is presented, several high-tech career developments are described, and selected…

  10. High-Tech Means High-Efficiency: The Business Case for EnergyManagement in High-Tech Industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanshoian, Gary; Blazek, Michele; Naughton, Phil; Seese, RobertS.; Mills, Evan; Tschudi, William

    2005-11-15

    In the race to apply new technologies in ''high-tech'' facilities such as data centers, laboratories, and clean rooms, much emphasis has been placed on improving service, building capacity, and increasing speed. These facilities are socially and economically important, as part of the critical infrastructure for pharmaceuticals,electronics, communications, and many other sectors. With a singular focus on throughput, some important design issues can be overlooked, such as the energy efficiency of individual equipment (e.g., lasers, routers and switches) as well as the integration of high-tech equipment into the power distribution system and the building envelope. Among technology-based businesses, improving energy efficiency presents an often untapped opportunity to increase profits, enhance process control,maximize asset value, improve the work place environment, and manage a variety of business risks. Oddly enough, the adoption of energy efficiency improvements in this sector lags behind many others. As a result, millions of dollars are left on the table with each year ofoperation.

  11. Validation through simulations of a C_n^2 profiler for the ESO/VLT Adaptive Optics Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Rissmann, A.; Guesalaga, A.; Kolb, J.; Le Louarn, M.; Madec, P.-Y.; Neichel, B.

    2015-04-01

    The Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF) project envisages transforming one of the VLT units into an adaptive telescope and providing its ESO (European Southern Observatory) second generation instruments with turbulence-corrected wavefronts. For MUSE and HAWK-I this correction will be achieved through the GALACSI and GRAAL AO modules working in conjunction with a 1170 actuators deformable secondary mirror (DSM) and the new Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF). Multiple wavefront sensors will enable GLAO (ground layer adaptive optics) and LTAO (laser tomography adaptive optics) capabilities, whose performance can greatly benefit from a knowledge about the stratification of the turbulence in the atmosphere. This work, totally based on end-to-end simulations, describes the validation tests conducted on a C_n^2 profiler adapted for the AOF specifications. Because an absolute profile calibration is strongly dependent on a reliable knowledge of turbulence parameters r0 and L0, the tests presented here refer only to normalized output profiles. Uncertainties in the input parameters inherent to the code are tested as well as the profiler response to different turbulence distributions. It adopts a correction for the unseen turbulence, critical for the GRAAL mode, and highlights the effects of masking out parts of the corrected wavefront on the results. Simulations of data with typical turbulence profiles from Paranal were input to the profiler, showing that it is possible to identify reliably the input features for all the AOF modes.

  12. Performance simulation of the ERIS pyramid wavefront sensor module in the VLT adaptive optics facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quirós-Pacheco, Fernando; Agapito, Guido; Riccardi, Armando; Esposito, Simone; Le Louarn, Miska; Marchetti, Enrico

    2012-07-01

    This paper presents the performance analysis based on numerical simulations of the Pyramid Wavefront sensor Module (PWM) to be included in ERIS, the new Adaptive Optics (AO) instrument for the Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF). We have analyzed the performance of the PWM working either in a low-order or in a high-order wavefront sensing mode of operation. We show that the PWM in the high-order sensing mode can provide SR > 90% in K band using bright guide stars under median seeing conditions (0.85 arcsec seeing and 15 m/s of wind speed). In the low-order sensing mode, the PWM can sense and correct Tip-Tilt (and if requested also Focus mode) with the precision required to assist the LGS observations to get an SR > 60% and > 20% in K band, using up to a ~16.5 and ~19.5 R-magnitude guide star, respectively.

  13. China's High-tech Exports: Myth and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Yuqing

    2011-01-01

    China’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics, which are inconsistent with the trade based on global supply chains. Assembled high-tech products, made with imported key parts and components, accounted for 82% of China’s high-tech exports. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of these assembled products to China, thus greatly inflate the export value. For instance, in 2009 China’s export in the iPhone amounted US$4.6 billion, o...

  14. Pricing Policy and Strategies for Consumer High-Tech Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the complex process of price setting for consumer high-tech products. These prices are highly influenced by some external factors from the economic and social environment. The main objective of this paper is to establish the most effective pricing policies and strategies used by high-tech companies of various sizes. Decisions about price fixing for consumer high-technology products are largely influenced by consumer behaviour, too.

  15. Promoting High-tech Industrialization through Mechanism Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Haiyan; Zhao Baohua

    2002-01-01

    @@ With the further implementation of the knowledge innovation program (KIP), piloted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), encouraging progress has been made in contributing to the development of the country's high-tech industry, and forging S&T cooperation with local governments and industrial sectors. This was revealed at the Second CAS Conference on High-tech Industrialization April 25 - 29 in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.

  16. Allina Health System's approach to high tech and high touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, T A

    1997-01-01

    All health care providers, regardless of their integration status, must meet customer expectations to maintain market share and viability. The balance between high tech and high touch customer interactions is not a fad or trend. For integrated health systems with the full continuum of medical care, additional challenges are presented by the organization's competing health care delivery and financing components. Allina Health System describes its integrated health system approach to satisfying customer high tech and high touch needs.

  17. Fuzzy model investic do High-tech projektů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alžběta Kubíčková

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Relations among parameters of High-tech projects are very complex, vague, partially inconsistent and multidimensional. Optimal decisions to invest into High-tech companies require top field experts and knowledgeable investors. Therefore the conventional methods of investments analysis are not relevant. Therefore fuzzy logic is introduced. Methodology/methods: A fuzzy knowledge base is a flexible framework for acquisition of vague inconsistent knowledge items which are typical for knowledge economics and consequently for High-tech projects. The pooling of the records and / or observations represents a trade-off between minimal modification of the original data and elimination of inconsistencies among available sets of data. Scientific aim: The paper presents a detailed description of fuzzy model of investment decision making into High-tech firm’s projects. A set of conditional statements was used to formalize the effects of selected variables on investment feasibility of High-tech projects. The main aim is to quantify feasibilities of High-tech projects risk investors make good /not bad decisions. Findings: A set of 50 observations of High-tech companies was transformed into a set of 50 conditional statements using 14 variables. The result is the fuzzy model, which can be used to answer investors’ queries. Two queries are answered and presented in details as an example and as a nucleus of a fuzzy dialogue investor – computer. Conclusions: The main problem is the sparseness of the fuzzy model. Many fuzzy similarities are relatively low and the decision process is therefore often problematic. A much more complex set of variables must be applied to specify the fuzzy model to increase reliability of predictions and decisions.

  18. An analisys of consumers’ expenditures on high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available High – tech products are gradually adopted by consumers, who become to consider them indispensable. Their acquisition requires each time a pretty significant financial investment and a serious decision with a high perceived risk. In this paper we intend to analyse some financial issues related to high-tech products purchased by consumers from Brasov city in 2009, such as: the amount of money spent on high tech products, the financial sources used, the connections between expenditures and consumer’s characteristics.

  19. High-tech buildings - Market transformation project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Applications Team

    2001-10-01

    Facility managers and designers know their buildings are energy intensive yet have few techniques to quantify cleanroom energy performance. Benchmarking identifies the energy end uses in a cleanroom. As expected, besides the process loads, which are often very intense, the mechanical systems are the most energy intensive in these buildings. Benchmarking the mechanical systems and components can provide useful information on system and component performance and provide a basis to identify energy-saving opportunities in cleanrooms. HVAC systems in cleanrooms are dramatically different from their counterparts in commercial buildings in terms of reliability, safety requirements, and scale. The design of cleanroom HVAC systems is a specialty area requiring unique understanding of cleanliness guidelines, airflow quantities, room pressurization, code requirements, specialty equipment, tight control, and many more details. The HVAC systems must also operate reliably and safely. Since recirculation air systems use large amounts of fan power in moving large amounts of conditioned air through HEPA filters, the cleanroom, and return pathways they represent one of the largest energy end uses in a cleanroom. In addition, many processes requiring cleanrooms also have large make-up and exhaust airflow needs requiring huge amounts of energy to move and condition the displaced air. Energy intensity for mechanical systems in cleanrooms ranges between 4 to 100 times that of commercial buildings. There is, however, a lack of comparative data on the performance of cleanroom mechanical systems. To better understand existing cleanroom systems in high technology industries, and to better enable building owners, operators, and designers to compare energy use for a given cleanroom to others, it is necessary to benchmark energy performance in such facilities.

  20. Educating Students to Boost Innovation and High-tech Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf Henrik

    Promoting innovative thinking among students is crucial to educating the workforce necessary for innovation-led economies. And high-tech entrepreneurs are a crucial source of creating new jobs. Innovation is not an exact discipline or a system one can just implement. By contrast, it is very much...

  1. High Touch in a High-Tech World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Cindy L.

    2009-01-01

    In a world of high tech and low touch, it is easy for public relations programs to stray from tried-and-true interpersonal strategies long associated with solid communication planning. New technologies allow communications professionals to quickly send e-mails and telephone calls to selected groups. Social media sites provide users immediate…

  2. Asia's New High-Tech Competitors: An SRS Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausch, Lawrence M.

    This report profiles nine economies linked by Asian identity, yet marked by great economic and technological disparity, in order to project which economies will be full-fledged participants and competitors in tomorrow's high-tech product markets. Based on the various indicators of technological activity and competitiveness presented in this…

  3. Ten Niche Strategies To Commercialize New High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ortt, J.R.; Langley, D.J.; Pals, N.

    2013-01-01

    There are serious gaps in the scientific literature relating to niche strategies as a means for commercializing new high-tech products. In particular, there is no clarity about what types of niche strategies can be distinguished, or how a niche strategy can be selected to suit a certain ituation. In

  4. A new partnership: joint ventures and high-tech imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, R M

    1987-01-01

    Today joint ventures are a viable option for acquiring high-tech, high-priced imaging equipment. In this article based on his RSNA Associated Sciences presentation, Mr. Rutherford discusses a variety of issues concerning joint ventures: planning, tax considerations, structure and the ethics question.

  5. Employment and Earnings in High-Tech Ethnic Niches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jennifer C.

    2013-01-01

    The increase in high-skilled immigrants to the United States coincided with the expansion of the high-technology sector, and now a large share of Asian immigrants concentrate in high-tech industries. Despite much research on the relationship between ethnic concentration and labor market outcomes, the association between ethnic niche employment and…

  6. Another Innovation from High Tech High--Embedded Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Janie; Riordan, Rob

    2016-01-01

    High Tech High School's teaching internship program blends on-the-job work with classroom theory. Interns spend two years working as full teachers as they take courses. The program serves three large purposes: Train new teachers and build capacity in the HTH organization; train teachers in and beyond HTH for success in a wide range of contexts;…

  7. Entrepreneurship in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Patrizia V.; Madsen, Henning; Neergaard, Helle

    development of new enterprises in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors are analysed in relation to the educational and professional background of the entrepreneur/entrepreneurial team, as well as the personal and professional social networks of the entrepreneurs. The analysis is based on a theoretical...... framework combining theories of human and social capital. Secondary aspects addressed in the research project are questions of male vs. female entrepreneurship, internationalisation-globalisation, and business success/failure....

  8. Wearable high-tech gear for homeland security personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswarlu, Ronda; Hui Wei, Choo; Li Lian, Ngiam; Lim, E. T.; Zhu, Zijian; Yang, Mingjiang

    2006-05-01

    Recent homeland security problems in various countries indicate that fixed surveillance systems at important places are not adequate enough. As the security threats take new dimensions in future, mobile smart security personnel wearing high-tech gear will form the basic infrastructure. See first, listen first, detect first, track first, communicate first with peers, assess the threat and coordinate with security head-quarters are the functions of high-tech gear. This paper proposes a high-tech gear involving (i) hands-free and obtrusion-free textile-based wearable microphone array to capture users voice and interface with body-worn computer, (ii) microphone arrays embedded in textiles to listen and record others voices from a distance, (iii) miniature cameras embedded in the shirt to provide the user with omni vision (iv) wireless personal display as GUI hidden in textile or natural glasses, (v) GPS and body area network for positional awareness for information in the form of text or textile integrated, (vi) reconfigurable HW/SW for all the above functions configured in the form of a usual belt. The main focus of this paper is how to configure the high-tech gear with all these sophisticated functions to disappear into the natural wearables of the user giving him normal look in the public. This project is sponsored by Defence Science & Technology Agency, Ministry of Defence, Singapore. This paper covers multi-discipline technologies at system level, hence not possible to go into details of any subsystem. The main objective of this paper is to share our thoughts and get feedback. Progress and some critical design issues are discussed in this paper.

  9. High-tech exports from developing countries: A symptom of technology spurts or statistical illusion?

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Srholec

    2005-01-01

    Specialization in high-tech products is frequently used to capture technology intensity of exports. The literature suggests that developing countries are increasingly becoming exporters of high-tech products, and some may even be among the most deeply specialized countries in the field of high-tech exports. The paper scrutinizes the relevance of the taxonomies that classify exports by technological intensity in this context. It is shown that specialization in high-tech exports typically does ...

  10. Come and see our new high-tech products!

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Since 1977, GMP has been active in the fields of laser, spectroscopy, electro-optics and micropositioning. Its mission is to link between suppliers of high tech products with the end users. On Wednesday 26 May between 10 and 12 a.m. - Room A, Main Building, (Bldg. 61/1-017) - you will be able to touch and try out our new laser products. Our specialized engineers will also be on hand to answer all your questions. A drink will be offered at the end of the presentation. There will also be the opportunity to plan meetings in the afternoon to further discuss and complicated questions.

  11. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG; BenZhong

    2001-01-01

    High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.  ……

  12. Knowledge acquisition and creation in the high-tech industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Pavanelli Stefanovitz

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the new challenges that come with the emergence of knowledge-based approaches on organizational studies. It is widely recognized, in this context, the increasing importance of understanding the processes through which companys acquire, storage, disseminate and create knowledge. This research analysis the knowledge creation and external acquisition processes in the high-tech industry, environment in which intensive use of knowledge is made. For that, it presents a case study of an R&D Division of a company present in the industrial automation market. In recognition of its innovative competence, this company won the FINEP Prize – Technological Innovation. In this study, besides the identification of the main external knowledge sources, an analysis of the knowledge types conversion observed in its product development activities is made.

  13. Power quality in high-tech campus: a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno-Munoz, A.; Redel, M.; Gonzalez, M. [Universidad de Cordoba (Spain). Departamento de Electrotecnia y Electronica

    2006-07-01

    This paper presents preliminary results from a power-quality audit conducted at a high-tech campus over the last year. Voltage and current were measured at various R and D buildings; it was found that the main problems for the equipment installed were voltage sags and surges. The paper examines the causes and effects of power disturbances that affect computer or any other microprocessor-based equipment and analyses the auto-protection capabilities of modern power supplies. The convenience of 'enhanced power supply' or 'low-cost customer-side' protection solutions is also discussed. Finally, it addresses the role of the standards on the protection of electronic equipment and the implications for the final customer. (author)

  14. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.

  15. A Decision Support System for Identification and Evaluation of High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Chang-yuan; LIANG Jing-guo; CAO Xiu-ying

    2002-01-01

    According to high-tech product features and decision support system theory, a decision support system (DSS) for identification and evaluation of high-tech products has been designed which consists of the user interface subsystem, the data management subsystem, the model management subsystem and the knowledge management subsystem. This paper describes the function and the framework of the system.

  16. When High Tech ceases to be High Growth: The Loss of Dynamism of the Cambridgeshire Regio

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, E.; Martin, R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses mechanisms of decline and renewal in high-tech regions, illustrated with empirical evidence on the Cambridgeshire high-tech region in the UK. The paper contributes to ecological (‘carrying capacity’) and evolutionary (path dependence) theories of regional development. It provides

  17. Research on the competitiveness of high-tech industries in northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lei; Wang, Yang; Wang, Ming-Quan; Xiao, Yan-Bo; Gao, Ming

    2017-06-01

    Based on characteristics of high-tech industry in Northeast China, high-tech industry competitiveness index system was developed, and the competitiveness of high-tech industry was evaluated through principal component analysis and location quotient method. The results showed that the scale of high-tech industry in Northeast China as a whole was small, and presented a decreasing trend for the proportion in the country. The competitiveness of high-tech industry in Northeast China lagged far behind that of the eastern and central regions. The high-tech industry competitiveness of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in China ranked 15, 19 and 21, respectively. The manufacture of medicine in Jilin province, and the manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft and the related equipment in Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces had high competitive advantage, but the manufacture of electronic equipment and communication equipment and the manufacture of computers and office equipment was lack of competitiveness. The development suggestions were put forward to improve the competitiveness of high-tech industries in Northeast China.

  18. [The development of strategic management of high-tech surgical medical care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nechaev, V S; Krasnov, A V

    2013-01-01

    The high-tech surgical medical care is one of the most effective types of medical care in Russia. However high-tech surgical treatment very often is inaccessible for patients. The development of basics of strategic management of high-tech surgical care makes it possible to enhance availability of this type of care and to shorten the gap between volumes of rendered care and population needs. This approach can be resulted in decrease of disability and mortality of the most prevalent diseases of cardio-vascular diseases, malignant neoplasms, etc. The prerequisites can be developed to enhance life quality and increase longevity of population.

  19. The People's Republic of China's high-tech exports: Myth and reality

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Yuqing

    2012-01-01

    Trade statistics portray the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the largest exporter of high-tech products. In this paper I will argue that the PRC's leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics which are inconsistent with trade based on global supply chains. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of assembled high-tech products to the PRC, thus greatly inflating its exports. In 2009, the PRC's value-added accounted for only about 3% ...

  20. China s Imp.& Exp.of New and High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Import of New and High-tech Products Increases Rapidly The proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import continues to increase.Ever since 1991,the proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import has experienced a continuous growth.It took up only 14.8% of the total import in 1991.The figure reached 20.8% in 1998,and further rose to that of 26.3% in 2001.From January to June this year,the import of new and hightech products totaled 34.540 billion USD,up 18.1% over the same per...

  1. Is there a large-country advantage in high-tech?

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Fagerberg

    1995-01-01

    High-tech is a commonly used catch-word for industries that use a relatively large share of their resources on R&D and develop many new products and processes. It is a widely held view that high- tech is good for growth, and that countries that succeed in high- tech industry perform well. Schumpeterian theory, as well as the more recent “new growth” theories, are often quoted in support of this view. However, the “new growth” theories also suggest that large countries are more likely than sma...

  2. 14th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP 14)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    Preface The High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP) is a bi-annual international conference based in Europe with topics encompassing the whole area of plasma processing science. This conference is open to all the international community in the world involved in plasma science and plasma technology. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, facilitate the contacts between science, technology and industry and provide a platform for the exploration of both fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. For this edition of HTPP, as was the case for the last, we have achieved a well balanced participation from the communities of both thermal and non-thermal plasma researchers. 75 people from 17 countries attended the conference with the total number of contributions being 74, consisting of 19 invited talks and 55 poster contributions. As a HTPP tradition a poster competition has been carried out during the conference. The winner of the poster competition was Fabrice Mavier from Université de Limoges, France with his paper “Pulsed arc plasma jet synchronized with drop-on-demand dispenser” All the participants also ejoyed the social program including an “unconventional” tour of the city, the visit to the famous Hofbräuhaus and the dinner at the Blutenburg, a beautiful inner-city castle. We have received papers corresponding to the contributions of HTPP-2014 that have been submitted for publication in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Each submitted contribution has been peer reviewed and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In total, 18 manuscripts have been accepted for publication covering a range of topics of plasma processing science from plasma fundamentals to process applications through to experiments, diagnostics and modelling. We deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contributions and we

  3. Kalam's visit to cement Indo-Swiss ties in high tech area

    CERN Multimedia

    Sumir, Paul

    2005-01-01

    Seeking to boost Indo-Swiss cooperation in high tech areas, President APJ Abdul Kalam arrived in Geneva on a four-day visit to Switzerland aimed at firming up plans for future cooperation with the CERN

  4. High-Tech Blood Sugar Monitors May Help People with Type 1 Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_163211.html High-Tech Blood Sugar Monitors May Help People With Type 1 Diabetes ... need insulin shots every day manage their blood sugar levels safely, two new studies suggest. Also known ...

  5. Technology for Tomorrow---High-Tech Exhibition Held in HONG KONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Lin

    1997-01-01

    @@ "Technology for Tomorrow"--- High-Tech Exhibition has been held by Hong Kong Science & Technology Sector for Celebration of Return of Sovereignty Association and China Association Science & Technology on June 28 to July 4, 1997 in Hong Kong.

  6. FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace Fingerstick Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162638.html FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace ... too low, and potentially incorrect insulin dosing, the FDA said. The Dexcom G5 is the first continuous ...

  7. Comparative Analysis of Capital Productivity in China's High-Tech Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LingWang; AdamSzirmai

    2005-01-01

    While labor productivity is a topic of constant debate and has been studied extensively, far less attention has been devoted to the question of capital productivity. Productive use of physical capital is an important source of economic growth and investment return. This paper presents a comparative study of capital productivity in China's high-tech industry. Using a version of the perpetual inventory method (PIM), new estimates have been made of the physical capital stock by sector. Capital productivity in China's high-tech industry is higher than in total manufacturing, but the gap between them has been shrinking. Comparison with high-tech industries in the US., highlights that China's high-tech industries could play a more important role in the growth of manufacturing and the whole economy.

  8. Problems and Countermeasures of Zhejiang High-Tech Enterprises Industry-University-Institute Cooperation in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qing; Mao, Chong-Feng; Hou, Lin

    Industry-university-institute cooperation is an important means to accelerate technical development and achievements for high-tech enterprises. Considering that Zhejiang high-tech enterprises existed some problems which included low cooperative level, single distribution, weak secondary R&D ability, obvious risk and so on, government should play an guiding role on improving information service system, enhancing cooperative level, promoting scientific intermediary service organization system construction, and building better environment for Industry-university-institute cooperation.

  9. State support of the high-tech exports: comparative analysis and lessons for Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevgen Panchenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the natural increase in the share of high-tech exports in the overall world exports and trade in general is revealed. The trends in geographical and industrial developments of a high-tech exports in 2004-2015 are shown in the world, developed countries and the EU. Based on the study of dynamics of the high-tech exports of the leading countries in general, as well as engineering products segment, the basic models of state regulation in this sphere are identified i.e. active dirigisme, moderate dirigisme and liberalism. The experience of maintaining a high-tech exports to the US, Germany, Britain, Japan, South Korea and China is summarized. The tendencies of high-tech exports of Ukrainian enterprises in industries such as aerospace engineering, electronics and telecommunications, scientific instruments, computer and office appliances, as well as military industrial products were analyzed. The directions of forming the state support of domestic exporters of high-tech products were identified.

  10. Workshop “Science with the VLT in the ELT Era”

    CERN Document Server

    Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings

    2008-01-01

    The Workshop ‘Science with the VLT in the ELT era’ was organised by ESO as a forum for the astronomical community to debate its expected future use of ESO’s Very Large Telescope ( and its VLTI interferometric mode) when other facilities such as ALMA, JWST and, hopefully, at least one extremely large 30-40m class telescope will be operating. VLT/I science highlights were presented, future science priorities argued, synergies between the VLT and the future facilities confirmed and specific new VLT/I instruments proposed.

  11. VLT Data Flow System Begins Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Building a Terabyte Archive at the ESO Headquarters The ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) is the sum of many sophisticated parts. The site at Cerro Paranal in the dry Atacama desert in Northern Chile is one of the best locations for astronomical observations from the surface of the Earth. Each of the four 8.2-m telescopes is a technological marvel with self-adjusting optics placed in a gigantic mechanical structure of the utmost precision, continuously controlled by advanced soft- and hardware. A multitude of extremely complex instruments with sensitive detectors capture the faint light from distant objects in the Universe and record the digital data fast and efficiently as images and spectra, with a minimum of induced noise. And now the next crucial link in this chain is in place. A few nights ago, following an extended test period, the VLT Data Flow System began providing the astronomers with a steady stream of high-quality, calibrated image and spectral data, ready to be interpreted. The VLT project has entered into a new phase with a larger degree of automation. Indeed, the first 8.2-m Unit Telescope, ANTU, with the FORS1 and ISAAC instruments, has now become a true astronomy machine . A smooth flow of data through the entire system ESO PR Photo 25a/99 ESO PR Photo 25a/99 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 292 pix - 104k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 584 pix - 264k] [High-Res - JPEG: 3000 x 2189 pix - 1.5M] Caption to ESO PR Photo 25a/99 : Simplified flow diagramme for the VLT Data Flow System . It is a closed-loop software system which incorporates various subsystems that track the flow of data all the way from the submission of proposals to storage of the acquired data in the VLT Science Archive Facility. The DFS main components are: Program Handling, Observation Handling, Telescope Control System, Science Archive, Pipeline and Quality Control. Arrows indicate lines of feedback. Already from the start of this project more than ten years ago, the ESO Very Large Telescope was

  12. Collaborative Innovation Research on High-tech Industry in the Center Delta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Jingdong

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As a strong point in the Middle Rises Strategy, the Center Delta is of great significance to high-tech industry development. While the collaborative innovation is an effective way to promote the coordinated development of regional economy. This article selected electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry of 3 provinces in the Center Delta as samples, built evaluation index system of collaborative innovation of high-tech industry, and put the relevant data into the system coordination degree model, in order to get the synergy of industrial innovation system and innovation environment system of 3 provinces. The empirical results shown that the industrial innovation system and innovation environment system coordination degree of Hubei province was the highest, while Jiangxi province was the lowest. Based on the empirical result analysis of the above-mentioned systems, this article put forward suggestions to promote the development of the high-tech industry collaborative innovation in the Center Delta.

  13. A valiant little terminal: A VLT user's manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinstein, A.

    1990-12-01

    This report is a manual for the valiant little terminal. Information covered in this report is as follow: an introduction to VLT; installation; starting up; text screen menus; graphics screen menus; introduction to VLT's scripting facility; quick reference section; and troubleshooting.

  14. Knowledge spillover and high-tech industry cluster: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Shen

    2017-04-01

    Knowledge spillover is one of the incentive forces for companies using more expenditure on R&D to shape cluster. This paper summarizes and reviews academic research literature from three aspects, of which contain the connotation of knowledge spillover in high-tech industry cluster, conduction mode of knowledge spillover effect in high-tech industry and explain factors of knowledge spillover effect. This paper devotes by assembling anterior divergent tributaries of works to assist in illuminating on this prosperous research area, based on previous research, and finally it notes that future research needs to pay attention to several aspects.

  15. Co-alignment between Environment Risk, Capital Structure, Growth and High-tech Firm Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan-xi; BAO Shi-ze

    2007-01-01

    To examine whether there is a co-alignment relationship between environment risk, capital structure, growth and high-tech firm performance, the environment risk was measured from the viewpoint of environment change, the long-term debt ratio was adopted as the measure of the capital structure, and the total asset growth and sales growth were chosen to measure the growth of high-tech firms. Regression analysis shows that there is a significant relationship between environment risk, growth and performance of hightech firms measured by the return on equity and cash flow, respectively.

  16. Empirical Study on the Measurement of the Technical Efficiency of Jilin Province’s Five High-tech Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Jie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper first analyzed the industrial distribution of Jilin province’s high-tech enterprises, and then selected 13 input and output indicators based on analyzing the influence factors of high-tech industry. Through the correlation analysis between each indicator’s relevant data, the paper constructed the technical efficiency evaluation model of Jilin Province’s high-tech industries including 12 indicators. After that it measured the technical efficiency of Jilin Province’s five high-tech industries from 2004 to 2013 by using DEA analysis method. Finally, this paper drew conclusions and gave suggestions.

  17. Multiple Eyes for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    : Example of a future IFU observation in a sky field with galaxies. PR Photo 03c/02 : An illustration of how the IFUs function . PR Photo 03d/02 : The IFU design . PR Photo 03e/02 : Computer simulation of the motions in a galaxy , as deduced from IFU observations. The FLAMES instrument and its many parts ESO PR Photo 03a/02 ESO PR Photo 03a/02 [Preview - JPEG: 560 x 400 pix - 62k] [Normal - JPEG: 1120 x 800 pix - 544k] [Hi-Res - JPEG: 2885 x 2061 pix - 5.3M] Caption : PR Photo 03a/02 : The GIRAFFE spectrograph, a major component of the VLT Fibre Large Array Multi-Element Spectrograph (FLAMES) , during the present assembly at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany). Late last year, the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory received its newest instrument, NAOS-CONICA . The first tests were very successful, cf. PR 25/01. But this is far from the last. Work is now underway at several European and overseas research institutes to complete the many other large astronomical instruments planned for the VLT. Over the next years, these new facilities will enter into operation one by one, further enhancing the capabilities of this true flagship of European science. One of these instruments is the Fibre Large Array Multi-Element Spectrograph (FLAMES) , to be installed at the 8.2-m VLT KUEYEN Unit Telescope. It will be able to observe the spectra of a large number of individual, faint objects (or small sky areas) simultaneously and incorporates several highly complex components, e.g., * a Nasmyth Corrector - an optical system to focus the light that is received from the telescope over a sky field of no less than 25 arcmin in diameter, i.e., almost as large as the full Moon . It was installed on KUEYEN in September 2001 * a Fibre Positioner (known as "OzPoz"). It is now being built by the AUSTRALIS Consortium, lead by the Anglo Australian Observatory (AAO) , cf. ESO PR 07/98 * a high- and intermediate-resolution optical spectrograph, GIRAFFE , with its own fibre

  18. The institutional arrangements of innovation: Antecedents and performance effects of trust in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, G. de; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.

    2008-01-01

    In this study we investigate the institutional arrangements of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the role of trust. A major strength of the research is the opportunity to address antecedents as well as performance effects of trust. The antecedents of interorganizational trust

  19. The institutional arrangements of innovation : Antecendents and performance effects of trust in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, G.; Klein Woolthuis, R.

    2008-01-01

    In this study we investigate the institutional arrangements of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the role of trust. A major strength of the research is the opportunity to address antecedents as well as performance effects of trust. The antecedents of interorganizational trust

  20. Contract research and high-tech alliances : Vistas for future studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, Gjalt; Woolthuis, Rosalinde J. A. Klein

    2008-01-01

    This research note addresses the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. Contract research is strongly heterogeneous, that is, many different paradigms, concepts, definitions and measures exist. We discuss the most im

  1. Silicon Valley: Planet Startup : Disruptive Innovation, Passionate Entrepreneurship & High-tech Startups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ester, P.; Maas, A.

    2016-01-01

    For decades now, Silicon Valley has been the home of the future. It's the birthplace of the world's most successful high-tech companies-including Apple, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, Twitter, and many more. So what's the secret? What is it about Silicon Valley that fosters entrepreneurship and innovation

  2. Are You What You Eat? An inside Look at High-Tech Food

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    2007-01-01

    If we abide by the familiar saying "you are what you eat," it is understandable that people may be concerned with the incredible advances in food science technology and their possible impacts on human health. For example, in recent years high-tech scientific processes such as genetic modification, irradiation, and cloning have all been used to…

  3. Determining Studies Conducted upon Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using High-Tech Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliçin, Özge; Kaya, Ali

    2017-01-01

    This study explores 67 experimental research articles written about children with Autism Spectrum Disorder using high-tech devices. The studies in this research were accessed through EBSCO, Academic Search Complete, ERIC, and Uludag University online search engines using keywords such as "autism and technology", "autism and…

  4. Design of Demand Driven Return Supply Chain for High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ashayeri, J.; Tuzkaya, G.

    2010-01-01

    Many high-tech supply chain operate in a context of high process and market uncertainties due to shorter product life cycles. When introducing a new product, a company must manage the cost of supply, including the cost of returns over its short life cycle. The returns distribution looks like a negat

  5. New Horizontal Merger Guidelines Indicate Greater Scrutiny of High Tech and Pharmaceutical Transactions

    OpenAIRE

    Janet McDavid; Eric Stock

    2010-01-01

    It also indicates greater Agency scrutiny of such transactions in industries characterized by differentiated products and high levels of R&D spendingâ۠such as the high tech and pharmaceutical industries. Janet McDavid & Eric Stock (Hogan Lovells)

  6. TOOLS TO MINIMIZE RISK UNDER DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    AVDONIN BORIS N.; BATKOVSKY ALEXANDR M.; BATKOVSKY MIKHAIL A.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes the methodological bases and the economic and mathematical tools to minimize technological risks developing hightech products. A new, more efficient organization of the process of developing high-tech products, as well as tools for assessing the technical and economic efficiency of new technologies introduced on manufacturers of these products is offered.

  7. Investment in High-Tech Industries : An Example from the LCD Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huisman, K.J.M.; Kort, P.M.; Plasmans, J.E.J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers a representative firm taking investment decisions in a high-tech environment where different generations of products are invented over time. First, we develop a real options investment model in which, according to standard practice, the sales price and the unit production cost b

  8. Bazaarvoice: Applying Traditional Merger Analysis to a Dynamic High-Tech Market

    OpenAIRE

    James Fishkin

    2014-01-01

    No one should be surprised that the government will investigate mergers involving products in a high-tech industry utilizing the same Horizontal Merger Guidelines that apply to all merger investigationsâ۠regardless of the industry. James A. Fishkin (Dechert LLP)

  9. Knowledge virtualization and local connectedness among smart high-tech companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Geenhuizen, M.S.; Nijkamp, P.

    2011-01-01

    Smart high-tech companies are characterized by knowledge intensity and open innovation. Even when these companies emerge in spatial clusters or dense urban places, they may utilize knowledge networks on a global scale. However, there is not much insight into the factors that shape knowledge networks

  10. The content and role of formal contracts in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, G. de; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigate the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. The design of a formal agreement is one of the most important strategic decisions for alliance partners. Drawing upon transaction cost arguments

  11. A World of Competitors: Assessing the US High-Tech Advantage and the Process of Globalisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by countries to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The United States remains highly competitive as a source of high-tech innovation because of a number of market positions, many the results of long-term investments in institutions (such as…

  12. The content and role of formal contracts in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, Gjalt; Woolthuis, Rosalinde Ja Klein

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigate the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. The design of a formal agreement is one of the most important strategic decisions for alliance partners. Drawing upon transaction cost arguments

  13. Organizational Attributes and Learning beyond the Boundaries: Comparative Case Studies of Two High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Jing; Wu, Sizong; Li, Jun

    2008-01-01

    This study compares two high-tech firms in terms of their differences in organizational characteristics and learning activities beyond the boundaries. It finds that the larger company continuously develops new technology to achieve long-term survival through a balance between exploration and exploitation while the smaller enterprise grows quickly…

  14. Spaces of Innovation: Experiences from Two Small High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiskanen, Tuula; Heiskanen, Hannu

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: By comparing two small high-tech firms specialising in medical technology this article seeks to answer the following questions: What are the key characteristics of innovation processes in the case firms? How do the mutual relationships between mental, social and physical spaces explain the different pathways in the innovation processes in…

  15. Design of Demand Driven Return Supply Chain for High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ashayeri, J.; Tuzkaya, G.

    2010-01-01

    Many high-tech supply chain operate in a context of high process and market uncertainties due to shorter product life cycles. When introducing a new product, a company must manage the cost of supply, including the cost of returns over its short life cycle. The returns distribution looks like a

  16. Data Flow System for the VLT Interferometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballester, P.; Licha, T.; Percheron, I.; Sabet, C.

    2006-07-01

    A milestone on the accuracy of angular measurements is reached with each new instrument on the VLT interferometer: about 10 milliarcsec for MIDI (N Band), 1 milliarcsec for AMBER (JHK bands) and, later, the ultimate goal of 10 microarcsec for the PRIMA imaging and astrometry facility. Extracting the science information from these measurements requires a unified understanding of the data obtained by modelling, homogeneous calibration of large datasets and robust data reduction methods. We describe in this poster the operational tools provided for observation preparation, pipeline processing, and data quality control.

  17. CMS inaugurates its high-tech visitor centre

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    The new Building SL53 on CERN’s Cessy site in France is ready to welcome the thousands of visitors (30,000 in 2013) who come to learn about CMS each year. It boasts low energy consumption and the possibility, in the future, of being heated by recycling the heat given off by the detector.   The new Building SL53 at CERN’s Cessy site in France will be inaugurated on 24 May 2014. “Constructed by the GS Department and the firm Dimensione, the building meets the operational requirements of the CMS experiment, which require the uninterrupted use of its infrastructure,” explains Martin Gastal, the member of the collaboration in charge of the project. Its 560 m2 surface area features a meeting room, eight offices, an open space for CMS users, a rest area with a kitchen, sanitary facilities including showers, and a conference room in which to receive visitors. “The new conference room on the ground floor can accommodate 50 people,&am...

  18. Iowa High School High Tech: Promoting Careers in Technology for Students with Disabilities. Final Report and Implementation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuillen, Terry; Nietupski, John; Berg, Deana Duncan; Daugherty, Vicki; Bildstein, Stephanie

    This final report and implementation manual describes the activities and outcomes of Iowa's High School High Tech (HSHT) program, a joint effort of Grant Wood Area Education Agency and Goodwill Industries of Southeast Iowa to inspire students with disabilities to pursue high tech careers. The program provides opportunities for students to learn…

  19. VLT Instruments Pipeline System Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Y.; Ballester, P.; Banse, K.; Hummel, W.; Izzo, C.; McKay, D. J.; Kiesgen, M.; Lundin, L. K.; Modigliani, A.; Palsa, R. M.; Sabet, C.

    2004-07-01

    Since the beginning of the VLT operations in 1998, substantial effort has been put in the development of automatic data reduction tools for the VLT instruments. A VLT instrument pipeline is a complex system that has to be able to identify and classify each produced FITS file, optionally retrieve calibration files from a database, use an image processing software to reduce the data, compute and log quality control parameters, produce FITS images or tables with the correct headers, optionally display them in the control room and send them to the archive. Each instrument has its own dedicated pipeline, based on a common infrastructure and installed with the VLT Data Flow System (DFS). With the increase in the number and the complexity of supported instruments and in the rate of produced data, these pipelines are becoming vital for both the VLT operations and the users, and request more and more resources for development and maintenance. This paper describes the different pipeline tasks with some real examples. It also explains how the development process has been improved to both decrease its cost and increase the pipelines quality using the lessons learned from the first instruments pipelines development.

  20. Varying Interpretations of Technology as a Problem in Markets for Customised High-Tech Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vendelø, Morten Thanning; Constantiou, Ioanna

    2012-01-01

    Firms involved in contracting and implementation of customised high-tech products face a number of challenges in their relationships with customers because of the underlying variability of complex technologies. Existing research proposes the use of rational decision models and represents technology...... as an input to the firm's production function that generates a specific return on investment when used appropriately. As such, existing research does not account for the parties' varying interpretations of complex technology. If these interpretations are not revealed and resolved they may decrease customer......-tech product in the software industry is analysed. Based on the insights obtained, we discuss the potential use of inquiring dialogue as a means to reveal information about the different interpretations held by the parties involved in contracting and implementing a customised high-tech product....

  1. A Concept of Constructing a Common Information Space for High Tech Programs Using Information Analytical Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakharova, Alexandra A.; Kolegova, Olga A.; Nekrasova, Maria E.

    2016-04-01

    The paper deals with the issues in program management used for engineering innovative products. The existing project management tools were analyzed. The aim is to develop a decision support system that takes into account the features of program management used for high-tech products: research intensity, a high level of technical risks, unpredictable results due to the impact of various external factors, availability of several implementing agencies. The need for involving experts and using intelligent techniques for information processing is demonstrated. A conceptual model of common information space to support communication between members of the collaboration on high-tech programs has been developed. The structure and objectives of the information analysis system “Geokhod” were formulated with the purpose to implement the conceptual model of common information space in the program “Development and production of new class mining equipment - “Geokhod”.

  2. An Optimized Grey Dynamic Model for Forecasting the Output of High-Tech Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng-Xin Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The grey dynamic model by convolution integral with the first-order derivative of the 1-AGO data and n series related, abbreviated as GDMC(1,n, performs well in modelling and forecasting of a grey system. To improve the modelling accuracy of GDMC(1,n, n interpolation coefficients (taken as unknown parameters are introduced into the background values of the n variables. The parameters optimization is formulated as a combinatorial optimization problem and is solved collectively using the particle swarm optimization algorithm. The optimized result has been verified by a case study of the economic output of high-tech industry in China. Comparisons of the obtained modelling results from the optimized GDMC(1,n model with the traditional one demonstrate that the optimal algorithm is a good alternative for parameters optimization of the GDMC(1,n model. The modelling results can assist the government in developing future policies regarding high-tech industry management.

  3. Using a Mixed Model to Evaluate Job Satisfaction in High-Tech Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Sang-Bing; Huang, Chih-Yao; Wang, Cheng-Kuang; Chen, Quan; Pan, Jingzhou; Wang, Ge; Wang, Jingan; Chin, Ta-Chia; Chang, Li-Chung

    2016-01-01

    R&D professionals are the impetus behind technological innovation, and their competitiveness and capability drive the growth of a company. However, high-tech industries have a chronic shortage of such indispensable professionals. Accordingly, reducing R&D personnel turnover has become a major human resource management challenge facing innovative companies. This study combined importance-performance analysis (IPA) with the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method to propose an IPA-DEMATEL model. Establishing this model involved three steps. First, an IPA was conducted to measure the importance of and satisfaction gained from job satisfaction criteria. Second, the DEMATEL method was used to determine the causal relationships of and interactive influence among the criteria. Third, a criteria model was constructed to evaluate job satisfaction of high-tech R&D personnel. On the basis of the findings, managerial suggestions are proposed.

  4. PRODUCTION RISKS AND ECONOMIC HAZARDS OF MODERN HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khrustalev E. Y.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that when the plans for the creation and production of modern high-tech innovative products for different purposes it is necessary to consider all possible risks and dangers that accompany modern innovative projects. New approaches to the planning of the development of science-intensive industries should ensure that the accounting and the management of risk situations of the financialeconomic, scientific-technical and industrialtechnological character. One of the promising directions of the domestic output of the industrial complex from its current unstable state is a strategic planning and forecasting of its activity, the development strategies should be based on an evaluation of available enterprise resources, the lack of which leads to stagnation. With active government support the company can successfully implement a strategy of stabilization and progress through cooperation and diversification of production and to make a technological breakthrough in creating high-tech products of new generation

  5. A holistic model for matching high-tech hearing aid features to elderly patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C E; Danhauer, J L; Krishnamurti, S

    2000-12-01

    Successful hearing aid fittings using high-technology features for elderly patients require consideration of factors beyond results obtained from routine audiologic evaluations. A holistic hearing aid selection, fitting, and evaluation approach that considers patient characteristics from communication, physical, psychological, and social assessment domains is presented here along with a checklist and flowcharts for matching high-tech hearing aid features to older persons who are hearing aid candidates.

  6. BREAKING THROUGH THE "BRICK WALL" — USING AN INTERDISCIPLINARY STRATEGY TO MARKET HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    ADAM PERRY TOW; Amit M. Joshi

    2011-01-01

    Marketing high-tech products poses challenges to classically trained marketers who may be unfamiliar with a product's underlying science or technology. Often such marketing teams, lacking scientific backgrounds, find it particularly difficult to interface with R&D and truly understand a product's inner workings — something we show to be critical to fully assessing a product for effective differentiation and marketing. By utilizing a novel marketing strategy, the Interdisciplinary Strategic Ma...

  7. METHODS OF EVALUATION OF FINANCIAL EFFICIENCY OF HIGH-TECH PROJECTORIENTED COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushok V. M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research is a complex of high-tech manufacturing companies integrated and functioning in the form of project-oriented companies that are complex dynamic systems with increased efficiency due to changes in its structure and functions, institutional adaptation or use of project management techniques and optimization. The article reveals peculiarities of assessment methods financial performance knowledge-based project-oriented businesses, the main of which is that companies consider their activities as separate independent projects, which have their cost centers and profit. The author's solution to the problem of choosing the optimal investment project among several possible within the framework of the investment program or portfolio of projects, which can be mutually independent of each other, or mutually interdependent. The aim of the work is to study the possibilities and prospects of organizational and economic mechanisms for the use of project campaign for the effective management of knowledge-based enterprises that will quickly adopt new technologies and create optimal production structure. The results will be useful for the public authorities responsible for the development of high-tech industries as well as public and private companies wishing to profitably participate in the implementation of major innovative projects and programs. In the course of the study suggested methods for evaluating the effectiveness of high-tech project-oriented businesses, allowing them to identify the main advantages and disadvantages in meeting their specific production problems

  8. Challenges to achievement of metal sustainability in our high-tech society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izatt, Reed M; Izatt, Steven R; Bruening, Ronald L; Izatt, Neil E; Moyer, Bruce A

    2014-04-21

    Achievement of sustainability in metal life cycles from mining of virgin ore to consumer and industrial devices to end-of-life products requires greatly increased recycling rates and improved processing of metals using conventional and green chemistry technologies. Electronic and other high-tech products containing precious, toxic, and specialty metals usually have short lifetimes and low recycling rates. Products containing these metals generally are incinerated, discarded as waste in landfills, or dismantled in informal recycling using crude and environmentally irresponsible procedures. Low recycling rates of metals coupled with increasing demand for high-tech products containing them necessitate increased mining with attendant environmental, health, energy, water, and carbon-footprint consequences. In this tutorial review, challenges to achieving metal sustainability, including projected use of urban mining, in present high-tech society are presented; health, environmental, and economic incentives for various government, industry, and public stakeholders to improve metal sustainability are discussed; a case for technical improvements, including use of molecular recognition, in selective metal separation technology, especially for metal recovery from dilute feed stocks is given; and global consequences of continuing on the present path are examined.

  9. Mineral resources of high-tech metals in Russia: State of the art and outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortnikov, N. S.; Volkov, A. V.; Galyamov, A. L.; Vikent'ev, I. V.; Aristov, V. V.; Lalomov, A. V.; Murashov, K. Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Seven main ore-forming systems—porphyry and epithermal; orogenic related to granitic intrusions; magmatic ultramafic; volcanic-hosted massive sulfide and volcanic-sedimentary; sedimentary basins; related to alkaline magmatic activity; and placers and weathering mantles—are sources of high-tech critical metals. The following promising types of ore deposits containing high-tech critical metals as by-products are recognized: Cu-Mo porphyry, Fe-Cu-Au and Pb-Zn skarn, base-metal epithermal, volcanic-hosted massive sulfide, base-metal stratiform, various tin deposits, and placers containing rare metals including REE. The mineral resources of critical metals in Russia are compared with those known in other countries. The contents of high-tech critical metals in ores of some noble-metal deposits of the Russian Northeast are reported. It is shown that the subsurface of Russia possesses considerable mineral resource potential for hightech critical metals, which allows new enterprises to be created or production of operating enterprises to increase.

  10. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzung-Yi Tsai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: In light of the increasing number of high-tech industry workers and the differences in their working conditions compared to those of the general population, the health status of these workers merits serious attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,666 workers who participated in labor health examinations at a hospital in southern Taiwan in 2008. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined using the criteria proposed by the Taiwan National Department of Health in 2007. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.2%, and the prevalence was higher in men than in women (14.0% vs. 2.3%, p<0.01. Male gender, advanced age, elevated white blood count, and elevated levels of blood biochemistry markers, such as alanine aminotransferase and uric acid, can independently predict metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among high-tech industry workers is lower than in the general population. Our study's findings may facilitate early health assessments and the provision of proper workplace health promotion programs to reduce the risks faced by high-risk workers.

  11. DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION PROCESSES IN HIGH-TECH PRODUCTION OF MEDICAL INDUSTRY OF RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Дарья Витальевна Костина

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of diffusion of the innovation process is explained, the theoretical aspects and some scientific works of Schumpeter I., Zavlin P.N., Kazantsev L.K., Mindeli L.E., T. Hegerstrand, E.Rodzhersa are reviewed. The possibilities of the Russian market, the diffusion of innovation processes in the high-tech medical industry of Russia are cosidered. Based on this analysis the author summarizes and assesses the potential and importance of the diffusion of innovative processes for the production of high-tech medical products in the Russian market .At the end of the article it is concluded that the spread of innovations in the medical industry is a necessary component of economic growth not only of this industry, but the economy as a whole. In fact the transition of economy to production of high-tech products is accompanied by a sharp reduction of the level of material and energy consumption, increase in productivity and improvement of competitiveness of the economy.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-42

  12. Regional development strategy of high-tech industry: The case of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adžić Sofija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The initial thesis in the present work is that the solution of the problem of improving the competiveness of the economy of Vojvodina indispensably should open the room for the development of high-tech industries, in the first line on the basis of dynamic entrepreneurship and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs. Emphasis in the research is on the analysis of the problem of inappropriate institutional order as a factor blocking innovative entrepreneurial conduct, technological development and economic valorization of high technologies, efficient socio-economic coordination of individual development initiatives and larger orientation of financial capital to risky investments in new industries. In this context, the most important limiting factors of development and economic valorization of high technologies in Vojvodina are defined as: (1 absence of socio-economic motivation for innovative behavior and manufacturing entrepreneurship, (2 low availability of skilled and internationally competent labour, (3 poor quality of regional, subregional and local STIEOT infrastructure, (4 orientation of regional financial infrastructure to credit imports and population and (5 low efficiency of regional, sub regional and local administrative and public services in eliminating above problems. In the light of those observations the operationalization of the concrete contents of development strategy for high-tech industries in Vojvodina is defined as a measure of ability to include regional, subregional and local institutions and public services to find how to solve the following problems: 1. providing conditions for internationally competent training of entrepreneurs, managers and expert teams in the function of acquiring necessary knowledge for the implementation of modern technological, managerial and organizational solutions needed for the foundation and dynamic development of high-tech enterprises, 2. provision of technical and economic support

  13. Study on the comprehensive advantage evaluation method of high-tech enterprises based on RBF artificial neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong-qi; WANG Xue-yuan; TANG Yu

    2005-01-01

    This paper designs an intelligent evaluation approach using a Radial Basis Function (RBF) Artificial Neural Network. We based our approach on establishing a comprehensive advantage evaluating index system that offers scientific substance for creating a development plan and the strategic management of high-tech industry and regional cluslers of high-tech enterprises. Furthermore, this paper selects some typical high-tech enterprises' data to make comprehensive training on the network system. Meanwhile, the paper chooses some enterprises as testing samples to test the method, the result of which proves that this method is truly effective. The research of this paper provides a comprehensive advantage evaluating and managing method for high-tech enterprise.

  14. The VLT FLAMES Tarantula Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evans, C.; Taylor, W.; Sana, H.; Hénault-Brunet, V.; Bagnoli, T.; Bastian, N.; Bestenlehner, J.; Bonanos, A.; Bressert, E.; Brott, I.; Campbell, M.; Cantiello, M.; Carraro, G.; Clark, S.; Costa, E.; Crowther, P.; de Koter, A.; de Mink, S.; Doran, E.; Dufton, P.; Dunstall, P.; Garcia, M.; Gieles, M.; Gräfener, G.; Herrero, A.; Howarth, I.; Izzard, R.; Köhler, K.; Langer, N.; Lennon, D.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Markova, N.; Najarro, P.; Puls, J.; Ramirez, O.; Sabín-Sanjulián, C.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Smartt, S.; Stroud, V.; van Loon, J.; Vink, J.S.; Walborn, N.

    2011-01-01

    We introduce the VLT FLAMES Tarantula Survey, an ESO Large Programme from which we have obtained optical spectroscopy of over 800 massive stars in the spectacular 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud. A key feature is the use of multi-epoch observations to provide strong constraints on

  15. Patterns of Technological Innovation: A Comparative Analysis between Low-tech and High-tech Industries in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Eduardo Silveira Fontenele

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to contribute to the knowledge about the patterns of innovations in different economic sectors. Hence, the general objective is to assess the differences in rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovations between low-tech and high-tech industries in Brazil. The analysis is based on the database of a survey on innovation (PINTEC conducted by IBGE. The sample includes 8,578 innovative Brazilian companies surveyed from selected low-tech industries (food and textiles manufactures and high-tech industries (vehicles and electronics industries. Descriptive and factorial correspondence analysis were used to identify the variables regarding rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovation that discriminate the low-tech industries of high-tech. The results confirm that low-tech industries differ from high tech ones in all pattern of innovations dimensions analyzed. Hence, low tech industries, compared to high-tech ones, are less innovative, innovate more in process, have fewer people dedicated to R&D, present suppliers as the most significant source of information and is a larger user of Government funding for the purchase of machinery and equipment. On the other hand, the high-tech industries are more innovative, innovate more in products, have more people dedicated to R&D, search for information of other groups of companies, customers and competitors, and their larger use of public financing is for investing in R&D.

  16. Relationship Between Market Orientation and Business Performance in Czech and German High-Tech Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrik Jangl

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to find out an index of market orientation, and explore the relationship between four components of market orientation in high-tech firms and their business performance. Business performance was studied as a one-dimensional construct. Market orientation in this study is defined as a process of intelligence generation about customers and competitors, intelligence dissemination and integration within the company across teams, and responsiveness to market intelligence in the form of coordinated action. The statistical sample was represented by 164 Czech and 187 German high-tech firms in the manufacturing industry. Respondents (sales and marketing managers completed a questionnaire and marked their rate of approval with individual statements on a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7. Market orientation and business performance level was determined as the arithmetic mean (x̄ of the measured values. Depending on the size of the total market orientation index (MOI, Czech (x̄=5.2 and German (x̄=5.14 high-tech firms are medium market-oriented. The business performance index (BPI reached a slightly higher value in Germany (x̄=5.22 as compared to the Czech Republic (x̄=5.13. The main method to reach the target was correlation and regression analysis. This study confirmed a hypothesis about the existence of a correlation between components of market orientation and business performance. Three of the four relationships in the multiple regression model were significant. On the other hand, the study found no positive significant correlation between competitor intelligence generation and business performance.

  17. With the VLT Interferometer towards Sharper Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-05-01

    The Nova-ESO VLTI Expertise Centre Opens in Leiden (The Netherlands) European science and technology will gain further strength when the new, front-line Nova-ESO VLTI Expertise Centre (NEVEC) opens in Leiden (The Netherlands) this week. It is a joint venture of the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) (itself a collaboration between the Universities of Amsterdam, Groningen, Leiden, and Utrecht) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO). It is concerned with the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI). The Inauguration of the new Centre will take place on Friday, May 26, 2000, at the Gorlaeus Laboratory (Lecture Hall no. 1), Einsteinweg 55 2333 CC Leiden; the programme is available on the web. Media representatives who would like to participate in this event and who want further details should contact the Nova Information Centre (e-mail: jacques@astro.uva.nl; Tel: +31-20-5257480 or +31-6-246 525 46). The inaugural ceremony is preceded by a scientific workshop on ground and space-based optical interferometry. NEVEC: A Technology Centre of Excellence As a joint project of NOVA and ESO, NEVEC will develop in the coming years the expertise to exploit the unique interferometric possibilities of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) - now being built on Paranal mountain in Chile. Its primary goals are the * development of instrument modeling, data reduction and calibration techniques for the VLTI; * accumulation of expertise relevant for second-generation VLTI instruments; and * education in the use of the VLTI and related matters. NEVEC will develop optical equipment, simulations and software to enable interferometry with VLT [1]. The new Center provides a strong impulse to Dutch participation in the VLTI. With direct involvement in this R&D work, the scientists at NOVA will be in the front row to do observations with this unique research facility, bound to produce top-level research and many exciting new discoveries. The ESO VLTI at Paranal ESO PR Photo 14a/00

  18. Design of high performance mechatronics high-tech functionality by multidisciplinary system integration

    CERN Document Server

    Munnig Schmidt, R; Rankers, A

    2014-01-01

    Since they entered our world around the middle of the 20th century, the application of mechatronics has enhanced our lives with functionality based on the integration of electronics, control systems and electric drives.This book deals with the special class of mechatronics that has enabled the exceptional levels of accuracy and speed of high-tech equipment applied in the semiconductor industry, realising the continuous shrink in detailing of micro-electronics and MEMS.As well as the more frequently presented standard subjects of dynamics, motion control, electronics and electromechanics, this

  19. Product Innovation in High-tech SMEs: A Case Study of Weili Electronics Co.,Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Zheng; LI Shi-ming

    2006-01-01

    Product innovation is an important strategy for high-tech firms, especially for small and medium enterprises. This paper proposes that the technological strategies for SMEs are dynamic and during different phase, there is different innovation strategy which leads to various market performances. In particular, through the case study of Weili Electronics Co., Ltd, we find that organizational learning abilities play a fundamental role in strategic decision. In addition, the frameworks for the determinants of technological strategies in three stages are established to illustrate the evolutionary processes of product innovation in Weili Electronics Co., Ltd.

  20. Forecasting Ecological Genomics: High-Tech Animal Instrumentation Meets High-Throughput Sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafer, Aaron B A; Northrup, Joseph M; Wikelski, Martin; Wittemyer, George; Wolf, Jochen B W

    2016-01-01

    Recent advancements in animal tracking technology and high-throughput sequencing are rapidly changing the questions and scope of research in the biological sciences. The integration of genomic data with high-tech animal instrumentation comes as a natural progression of traditional work in ecological genetics, and we provide a framework for linking the separate data streams from these technologies. Such a merger will elucidate the genetic basis of adaptive behaviors like migration and hibernation and advance our understanding of fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes such as pathogen transmission, population responses to environmental change, and communication in natural populations.

  1. The design of high performance mechatronics high-tech functionality by multidisciplinary system integration

    CERN Document Server

    Munnig Schmidt, R; van Eijk, J

    2011-01-01

    Since they entered our world around the middle of the 20th century, the application of mechatronics has enhanced our lives with functionality based on the integration of electronics, control systems and electric drives. This book deals with the special class of mechatronics that has enabled the exceptional levels of accuracy and speed of high-tech equipment applied in the semiconductor industry, realising the continuous shrink in detailing of micro-electronics and MEMS. As well as the more frequently presented standard subjects of dynamics, motion control, electronics and electromechanics, thi

  2. PARTICULARITIES OF MARKETING DECISIONS FOR INNOVATIVE COMPANIES FROM HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the specific way for companies in high tech industry to develop their marketing activity. The companies in this industry are struggling to create and then sell a range of innovative products. High technology products are complex and they enhance a certain level of uncertainty regarding their utility. Due to their novelty (absolute or incremental the products are accepted by consumers harder than the ordinary consumer products. This paper presents the main results of a qualitative marketing research based on the opinions of managers from high technology industry on specific marketing strategies and tools used to create and launch new products.

  3. Determinants of the Price of High-Tech Metals: An Event Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wanner, Markus, E-mail: markus.wanner@mrm.uni-augsburg.de; Gaugler, Tobias; Gleich, Benedikt; Rathgeber, Andreas [University of Augsburg, Institute for Materials Resource Management (Germany)

    2015-06-15

    The growing demand for high-tech products has resulted in strong growth in demand for certain minor metals. In combination with production concentrated in China, this caused strong and unpredicted price movements in recent years. As a result, manufacturing companies have to cope with additional risks. However, the detailed reasons for the price development are only partially understood. Therefore, we analyzed empirically which determinants can be assigned to price movements and performed an event study on the high-tech metals neodymium, indium, and gallium. Based on our dataset of news items, we were able to find coinciding events to almost 90% of all price jumps (recall). We showed that if any information about these events occurred with a probability of over 50% there would also be a price jump within 10 days (precision). However, the classical set of price determinants has to be extended for these specific markets, as we found unorthodox factors like holidays or weather that may be indicators for price movements. Therefore, we hope that our study supports industry for instance in performing more informed short-term planning of metals purchasing based on information about specific events.

  4. Why farming with high tech methods should integrate elements of organic agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammann, Klaus

    2009-09-01

    In the previous article [Ammann, K. (2008) Feature: integrated farming: why organic farmers should use transgenic crops. New Biotechnol. 25, 101-107], in a plea for the introduction of transgenic crops into organic and integrated farming, it was announced that the complementary topic, namely that high tech farmers should integrate elements of organic agriculture, will be a follow up. Some selected arguments for such a view are summarised here. Basically, they comprise a differentiated view on agro-biodiversity outside the field of production; landscape management methods to enhance biodiversity levels. Both elements are compatible with basic ideas of organic farming. First, Precision Farming is given as one example of the many ways to support agricultural production through high technology, with the aim of reducing energy input, maintaining excellent soil conditions and enhancing yield. It is clear from this analysis that modern agriculture and certain elements of organic-integrated agriculture are compatible. There are sectors of high tech farming, such as the introduction of a better recycling scheme and also a better focus on socio-economic aspects, which need to be taken up seriously from organic-integrated farming, a system which puts a lot of emphasis on those elements and for which important research data are available. In the final part a new concept of dynamic sustainability is presented.

  5. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Tzung-Yi; Cheng, Jung-Feng; Lai, Yu-Min

    2011-01-01

    In light of the increasing number of high-tech industry workers and the differences in their working conditions compared to those of the general population, the health status of these workers merits serious attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers. This cross-sectional study included 4,666 workers who participated in labor health examinations at a hospital in southern Taiwan in 2008. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined using the criteria proposed by the Taiwan National Department of Health in 2007. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.2%, and the prevalence was higher in men than in women (14.0% vs. 2.3%, phigh-tech industry workers is lower than in the general population. Our study's findings may facilitate early health assessments and the provision of proper workplace health promotion programs to reduce the risks faced by high-risk workers.

  6. Development of textile-based high-tech products: the new challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Ana Maria M F

    2004-01-01

    The new generation of smart textiles is represented by fibers, yarns, fabrics and other resulting products that have special properties, regarding mechanical, chemical, electrical and thermal performances. These high-tech products, being able to respond to external stimuli through the integration of electronic components, phase change materials, shape memory materials or nano materials, enabled the development of different active and functional products. These products when combining the functions of medium, carrier and interface for micro-systems applications represent the ideal connecting channel between humans and the environment. This is a field of innovation that broadened the scope of the traditional textile and apparel products to high-tech textiles, designed to meet specific needs, involving different technologies and produced according to required properties, like personal protection, safety, leisure or health wear. The development of smart wear is a new challenge for the textile and clothing industry: it has to develop products based not only on design, fashion and comfort concepts but also in terms of functions. Moreover these products must be easy to care and durable.

  7. Design of demand driven return supply chain for high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Ashayeri

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to design a responsive network for after-sale services of high-tech products. Design/methodology/approach: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP and weighted max-min approach are integrated to solve a fuzzy goal programming model. Findings: Uncertainty is an important characteristic of reverse logistics networks, and the level of uncertainty increases with the decrease of the products’ life-cycle. Research limitations/implications: Some of the objective functions of our model are simplified to deal with non-linearities. Practical implications: Designing after-sale services networks for high-tech products is an overwhelming task, especially when the external environment is characterized by high levels of uncertainty and dynamism. This study presents a comprehensive modeling approach to simplify this task. Originality/value: Consideration of multiple objectives is rare in reverse logistics network design literature. Although the number of multi-objective reverse logistics network design studies has been increasing in recent years, the last two objective of our model is unique to this research area.

  8. VLT Unit Telescopes Named at Paranal Inauguration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-03-01

    General, speeches were delivered by the President of the ESO Council and the President of Chile. The speakers praised the great achievement of bringing the very complex, high-technology VLT project this far so successfully and also the wonderful new opportunities for front-line research with this new facility. This would not have been possible without excellent cooperation between the many parties to this project, individuals as well as research institutes, companies and governments, all working towards a common goal. The ceremony was concluded with a discourse on "Understanding the Universe" by Physics Nobel Prize winner, Professor Carlo Rubbia, former Director of CERN. At the end of the day, the President of the ESO Council, the ESO Director General and the Heads of Delegations had the opportunity to witness an observing session with the UT1 from the VLT Control Room. The 300 other guests followed this event via internal video broadcast. Mapuche names for the Unit Telescopes It had long been ESO's intention to provide "real" names to the four VLT Unit Telescopes, to replace the current, somewhat dry and technical designations as UT1 to UT4. Four meaningful names of objects in the sky in the Mapuche language were chosen. This indigeneous people lives mostly in the area south of Santiago de Chile. An essay contest was arranged in this connection among schoolchildren of the Chilean II Region of which Antofagasta is the capital to write about the implications of these names. It drew many excellent entries dealing with the rich cultural heritage of ESO's host country. The jury was unanimous in its choice of the winning essay. This was submitted by 17-year old Jorssy Albanez Castilla from Chuquicamata near the city of Calama. She received the prize, an amateur telescope, during the Paranal Inauguration. Henceforth, the four Unit Telescopes will be known as ANTU (UT1; pronounced an-too ; The Sun), KUEYEN (UT2; qua-yen , like in "quake"; The Moon), MELIPAL (UT3; me-li-pal ; The

  9. Calibration strategy of the pyramid wavefront sensor module of ERIS with the VLT deformable secondary mirror

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccardi, A.; Briguglio, R.; Pinna, E.; Agapito, G.; Quiros-Pacheco, F.; Esposito, S.

    2012-07-01

    ERIS is a new Adaptive Optics Instrument for the Adaptive Optics Facility of the VLT that foresees, in its design phase, a Pyramid Wavefront Sensor Module (PWM) to be used with the VLT Deformable Secondary Mirror (VLT-DSM) as corrector. As opposite to the concave secondary mirrors currently in use (e.g. at LBT), VLT-DSM is convex and calibration of the interaction matrix (IM) between the PWM and the DSM is not foreseen on-telescope during day-time. In this paper different options of calibration are evaluated and compared with particular attention on the synthetic evaluation and on-sky calibration of the IM. A trade-off of the calibration options, the optimization techniques and the related validation with numerical simulations are also provided.

  10. The Effects of Partnership Management on Supply Chain Cooperative Performance: A Case Study of High-Tech Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Mei-Ying; Chang, Yun-Ju; Weng, Yung-Chien

    2009-08-01

    With the structural change of global supply chains, the relationship between manufacturers and suppliers has transformed into a long-term partnership. Thus, this study aims to explore the partnership between manufacturers and suppliers in Taiwan's high-tech industry. Four constructs, including partner characteristic, partnership quality, partnership closeness, and cooperative performance, induced from previous literatures are used to construct the research framework and hypotheses. A questionnaire survey is then performed on executives and staffs involved in the high-tech industry. The proposed framework and hypotheses are empirically validated through confirmatory factory analysis and structural equation modeling. It is expected that the research findings can serve as a reference for Taiwan's high-tech industry on building partnerships.

  11. 高新区产业结构变迁与道路交通需求%Industrial Structural Change and Road Traffic Demand in High-Tech Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑勇

    2014-01-01

    High-tech zone is a product of new urban development model, the changes of the industrial structure should be considered when traffic planning of high-tech zones are made. The paper analyzes the characteristics of industrial structure and the traffic demand in high-tech zones. Trough the ratio of output value of the third industrial with Gross National Product of the park, the paper discusses the impact of in-dustrial structure changes on the traffic demand in stages in park, and proposes some recommendations on the adjustment of corresponding road network and traffic facilities.%高新区是一种新型城市发展模式的产物,进行交通规划时要充分考虑高新区产业结构的变化。结合苏州工业园区的现状分析了高新区产业结构和交通需求的特点,通过园区不同时期第三产业产值与园区国民生产总值之比,分阶段讨论了产业结构变迁对园区交通需求产生的影响,并对相应路网及交通设施的调整提出了具体建议。

  12. Model of Market Orientation of High-Tech Firms in Germany: Validation Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrik Jangl

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this validation study was to verify a four-factor model of market orientation on a sample of German high-tech companies in the manufacturing industry. A modified version of the measuring scale (MMOS, composed of twelve items, was used for measurement. The target group consisted of business and marketing managers (N = 374 who recorded their answers on a seven-point Likert scale. The main methods used to achieve the objectives were exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Having verified the psychometric properties of the instrument, I proceeded to confirm the hypothesis of a four-factor solution model. Reliability and validity of the measuring instrument was also examined, which allowed a confirmation of the second hypothesis. The research may serve as the evidence of the instrument suitability for measuring market orientation in European cultural conditions. To obtain results from other sectors, the author recommends further research replication using the MMOS instrument.

  13. A New Way for Physical Progress Monitoring in High Tech Infrastructure Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edoardo Favari

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the project of designing an agile physical progress measurement system for the construction management department of a multinational company operating in turnkey railway projects field. It has been pointed out that the classical physical progress measurement, based on Earn Value Management (EVM and so financially based, is not suitable for modern high-tech and, in one word, complex, construction projects. So it has been looked for something different, more agile, to easily fix the problem of monitoring on a weekly basis the physical progress of sites. The work starts by describing the process of choosing KPIs, defines an overall physical progress index, than discusses the choice of a baseline to measure against, and at the end it illustrates the visual management implemented.

  14. Forming system of strategic innovation management at high-tech engineering enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergunova, O. T.; Lizunkov, V. G.; Malushko, E. Yu; Marchuk, V. I.; Ignatenko, A. Yu

    2017-02-01

    The article considers the processes of forming the strategic system of innovative activity management at the enterprises of a high-tech mechanical engineering complex (MEC) that are traditionally decisive in shaping the economic base of Russia. The authors proposed a method of designing a strategic system of innovative activity management at the MEC’s enterprises of the region which is based on the consideration of means and opportunities of the enterprise to implement intellectual activity. The proposed methodology and the empirical results constituted a ground for developing a system of strategic innovation management when performing the state-guaranteed order at the hi-tech MEC enterprises. Its implementation will help to reduce the level of uncertainty throughout the entire life cycle of an innovative activity product.

  15. Vitamin D Status and Quality of Life in Healthy Male High-Tech Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigal Tepper

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While low vitamin D status has been shown to be associated with decreased quality of life in unhealthy populations and women, only limited data are available regarding healthy adult men. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between health-related quality of life (QoL and vitamin D status in adult men. High-tech employees aged 25–65 year were recruited from an occupational periodic examination clinic at Rambam Health Campus. QoL was assessed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Health-related quality of life questionnaire (HRQOL-4. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD and Body Mass Index (BMI were measured; further information was collected about physical activity, education, sun exposure, sick-days, and musculoskeletal pain severity (visual analog scale. Three hundred and fifty-eight men were enrolled in the study; mean serum 25(OHD level was 22.1 ± 7.9 ng/mL (range 4.6–54.5 ng/mL. In a multivariate logistic regression model, 25(OHD was a significant independent determinant of self-rated health; Odds Ratio (OR for self-rated health was 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI 0.85–0.97, p = 0.004, adjusted for age, BMI, pain severity, physical activity, and sun exposure. Every 1 ng/mL increase of 25(OHD was associated with 9% reduction in the odds of reporting self-rated health as fair or poor. Poisson regression model demonstrated an association between physically unhealthy days and 25(OHD levels (rate ratio 0.95, p < 0.001. In conclusion, serum levels of 25(OHD were associated with self-rated health and with physically unhealthy days of HRQOL in healthy high-tech male workers. Future intervention studies are required to test the impact of vitamin D supplementation on QoL.

  16. The design of ERIS for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amico, P.; Marchetti, E.; Pedichini, F.; Baruffolo, A.; Delabre, B.; Duchateau, M.; Ekinci, M.; Fantinel, D.; Fedrigo, E.; Finger, G.; Frank, C.; Hofmann, R.; Jolley, P.; Lizon, J. L.; Le Louarn, M.; Madec, P.-Y.; Soenke, C.; Weisz, H.

    2012-09-01

    The Enhanced Resolution Imager and Spectrograph (ERIS) is the next-generation instrument planned for the Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the Adaptive Optics Facility (AOF)1. It is an AO assisted instrument that will make use of the Deformable Secondary Mirror and the new Laser Guide Star Facility (4LGSF), and it is designed for the Cassegrain focus of the telescope UT4. The project just concluded its conceptual design phase and is awaiting formal approval to continue to the next phase. ERIS will offer 1-5 μm imaging and 1-2.5 μm integral field spectroscopic capabilities with high Strehl performance. As such it will replace, with much improved single conjugated AO correction, the most scientifically important and popular observing capabilities currently offered by NACO2 (diffraction limited imaging in JM band, Sparse Aperture Masking and APP coronagraphy) and by SINFONI3, whose instrumental module, SPIFFI, will be re-used in ERIS. The Cassegrain location and the performance requirements impose challenging demands on the project, from opto-mechanical design to cryogenics to the operational concept. In this paper we describe the baseline design proposed for ERIS and discuss these technical challenges, with particular emphasis on the trade-offs and the novel solutions proposed for building ERIS.

  17. The VLT Real Time Display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herlin, T.; Brighton, A.; Biereichel, P.

    The VLT Real-Time Display (RTD) software was developed in order to support image display in real-time, providing a tool for users to display video like images from a camera or detector as fast as possible on an X-Server. The RTD software is implemented as a package providing a Tcl/Tk image widget written in C++ and an independent image handling library and can be used as a building block, adding display capabilities to dedicated VLT control applications. The RTD widget provides basic image display functionality like: panning, zooming, color scaling, colormaps, intensity changes, pixel query, overlaying of line graphics. A large set of assisting widgets, e.g., colorbar, zoom window, spectrum plot are provided to enable the building of image applications. The support for real-time is provided by an RTD image event mechanism used for camera or detector subsystems to pass images to the RTD widget. Image data are passed efficiently via shared memory. This paper describes the architecture of the RTD software and summarizes the features provided by RTD.

  18. "First Light" for the VLT Interferometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    VLTI . It was first envisaged in the early 1980's and has been continuously updated, as new technologies and materials became available during the intervening period. The present series of functional tests will go on for some time and involve many different configurations of the small telescopes and the instrument. It is then expected that the first combination of light beams from two of the VLT 8.2-m telescopes will take place in late 2001 . According to current plans, regular science observations will start from 2002, when the European and international astronomical community will have access to the full interferometric facility and the specially developed VLTI instrumentation now under construction. A wide range of scientific investigations will then become possible, from the search for planets around nearby stars, to the study of energetic processes at the cores of distant galaxies. With its superior angular resolution (image sharpness), the VLT is now beginning to open a new era in observational optical and infrared astronomy. The ambition of ESO is to make this type of observations available to all astronomers, not just the interferometry specialists. Video Clip 03/01 : Various video scenes related to the VLTI and the "First Fringes". PR Photo 10a/01 : "First Fringes" from the VLTI on the computer screen. PR Photo 10b/01 : Celebrating the VLTI "First Fringes" . PR Photo 10c/01 : Overview of the VLT Interferometer . PR Photo 10d/01 : Interferometric observations: Fringes from two stars of different angular size . PR Photo 10e/01 : Interferometric observations: Change of fringes with increasing baseline . PR Photo 10f/01 : Aerial view of the installations for the VLTI on the Paranal platform. PR Photo 10g/01 : Stations for the VLTI Auxiliary Telescopes. PR Photo 10h/01 : A test siderostat in place for observations. PR Photo 10i/01 : A test siderostat ( close-up ). PR Photo 10j/01 : One of the Delay Line carriages in the Interferometric Tunnel. PR Photo 10k/01 : The

  19. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  20. Science Parks and the Co-location of High-tech Small- and Medium Sized Firms in China's Shenzhen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cheng, F.; van Oort, F.G.; Geertman, S.C.M.; Hooimeijer, P.

    2014-01-01

    Science parks (SPs) have received special attention as a policy tool to facilitate localised economic growth by attracting high-tech firms, especially small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The effectiveness of this strategy has been called into question. Empirical studies suggest that the

  1. Construction Started for the Specialty Paper & Coated Paper Industrial Base Project of Guanhao High-tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On November 18,2011,construction started for the specialty paper & coated paper industrial base project of Guanhao High-tech Co.,Ltd.in Zhanjiang Development Zone.The total investment planned for the project is RMB 7.6 billion.After completing the construction and putting into production,

  2. Impacts of Academic R&D on High-Tech Manufacturing Products: Tentative Evidence from Supercomputer Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh; Tang, Kam Ki

    2015-01-01

    This paper empirically examines the impact of academic research on high-tech manufacturing growth of 28 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and emerging countries over the 1991-2005 period. A standard research and development (R&D) expenditure based measure is found to be too general to capture the input in high-tech…

  3. Current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and challenges for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pekkeriet, E.J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and future perspectives. Driving forces for mechanization are identified. Dutch greenhouse crop production is used as an example. In greenhouse horticulture the production steps and control that

  4. Universities, the US High Tech Advantage, and the Process of Globalization. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.8.2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by nation-states to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The US remains highly competitive as a source of High Tech (HT) innovation because of a number of market positions, many the result of long term investments in institutions such as…

  5. Impacts of Academic R&D on High-Tech Manufacturing Products: Tentative Evidence from Supercomputer Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh; Tang, Kam Ki

    2015-01-01

    This paper empirically examines the impact of academic research on high-tech manufacturing growth of 28 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and emerging countries over the 1991-2005 period. A standard research and development (R&D) expenditure based measure is found to be too general to capture the input in high-tech…

  6. Current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and challenges for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pekkeriet, E.J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and future perspectives. Driving forces for mechanization are identified. Dutch greenhouse crop production is used as an example. In greenhouse horticulture the production steps and control that

  7. CAD/CAM Helps Build Better Bots: High-Tech Design and Manufacture Draws Engineering-Oriented Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Name, Barry

    2012-01-01

    There is a battlefield where no quarter is given, no mercy shown, but not a single drop of blood is spilled. It is an arena that witnesses the bringing together of high-tech design and manufacture with the outpouring of brute force, under the remotely accessed command of some of today's brightest students. This is the world of battling robots, or…

  8. A Study of the Influence of Learning Organization on Organizational Creativity and Organizational Communication in High Tech Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qingying

    2017-01-01

    The value of a high-tech industry no longer lies in the number of plants, equipment, and products but the intellectual property, customer confidence, capability of collaborating with business partners, telecommunication infrastructure, and the creativity potential and skills of its employees. This study is motivated by investigating the way of…

  9. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  10. Economic Migrants in a Global Labour Market: A Report on the Recruitment and Retention of Asian Computer Professionals by Canadian High Tech Firms. CPRN Discussion Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Badrinath

    The recruitment and retention of Asian computer professionals by Canadian high-tech companies was examined by interviewing 8 Canadian-born information technology (IT) workers, 47 Asian-born IT workers, and 8 human resource (HR) professionals employed by high-tech companies in Ottawa. Of the 47 Asians, 33 stated that they did not know much about…

  11. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development: A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, W.J.

    2013-01-01

    High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development

  12. Engineering English and the High-Tech Industry: A Case Study of an English Needs Analysis of Process Integration Engineers at a Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Paul; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2013-01-01

    The global high-tech industry is characterized by extreme competitiveness, innovation, and widespread use of English. Consequently, Taiwanese high-tech companies require engineers that are talented in both their engineering and English abilities. In response to the lack of knowledge regarding the English skills needed by engineers in Taiwan's…

  13. Engineering English and the High-Tech Industry: A Case Study of an English Needs Analysis of Process Integration Engineers at a Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Paul; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2013-01-01

    The global high-tech industry is characterized by extreme competitiveness, innovation, and widespread use of English. Consequently, Taiwanese high-tech companies require engineers that are talented in both their engineering and English abilities. In response to the lack of knowledge regarding the English skills needed by engineers in Taiwan's…

  14. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development: A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, W.J.

    2013-01-01

    High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development d

  15. PREFACE: 12th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP-12)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleizes, Alain; Ghedini, Emanuele; Gherardi, Matteo; Sanibondi, Paolo; Dilecce, Giorgio

    2012-12-01

    The High-Tech Plasma Processes - 12th European Plasma Conference (HTPP-12) was held in Bologna (Italy) on 24-29 June 2012. The conference series started in 1990 as a thermal plasma conference and gradually expanded to include other topic fields as well. Now the High-Tech Plasma Processes - European Plasma Conference (HTPP) is a bi-annual international conference based in Europe with topics encompassing the whole area of plasma processing science. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, facilitate the contacts between science, technology and industry and provide a platform for the exploration of both fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. Thanks to the efforts of the conference chairman, Professor Vittorio Colombo and of the co-chair, Professor Piero Favia, a well balanced participation from both the communities of thermal and nonthermal plasma researchers was achieved; this resulted in just about 196 attendees from 39 countries, with 8 plenary and 15 invited talks, plus 50 oral and 140 poster contributions. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series gathers papers from regular contributions of HTPP-12; each contribution submitted for publication has been peer reviewed and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In the end, 39 manuscripts were accepted for publication, covering different topics of plasma processing science: from plasma fundamentals and modelling to source design and process diagnostics, from nanomaterial synthesis to surface modification, from waste treatment to plasma applications in a liquid environment. It is an honour to present this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and we deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contribution. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, the members of the steering committee, the international scientific committee, the local

  16. PREFACE: 13th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP-2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The High-Tech Plasma Processes - 13th European Plasma Conference (HTPP-2014) was held in Toulouse (France) on 22-27 June 2014. The conference series started in 1990 as a thermal plasma conference and has gradually expanded to include other related topics. Now the High-Tech Plasma Processes - European Plasma Conference (HTPP) is an international conference organised in Europe every two years with topics encompassing the whole field of plasma processing science. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, to facilitate contacts between science, technology and industry and to provide a platform for the exploration of both the fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. For this edition of HTPP, as was the case for the last, we have acheived a well balanced participation from the communities of both thermal and non-thermal plasma researchers. 142 people from 17 countries attended the conference with the total number of contributions being 155, consisting of 8 plenary and 8 invited talks plus 51 oral and 88 poster contributions. We have received numerous papers corresponding to the contributions of HTPP-2014 that have been submitted for publication in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Each submitted contribution has been peer reviewed (60 referees with at least two reviewing each paper) and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In total, 52 manuscripts have been accepted for publication covering a range of topics of plasma processing science from plasma fundamentals to process applications through to experiments, diagnostics and modelling. We have grouped the papers into the following 5 topics: - Arc-Materials Interaction and Metallurgy - Plasma Torches and Spraying - Synthesis of Powders and Nanomaterials - Deposition and Surface Treatment - Non-Equilibrium Plasmas We deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high

  17. Three High-Tech High Seniors Join the Alia Expedition to Samoa: Science and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, B.; Delaney, R.; Staudigel, D.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A.; Hart, S.

    2005-12-01

    Three high school seniors from High Tech High (HTH) participated in the ALIA expedition that explored the Samoan hot spot track through seafloor mapping, rock sampling and the study of the water column above an active submarine volcano. The primary responsibility of the HTH participants focused on outreach and education, but they also were substantively involved in all scientific aspects of the cruise. Education and outreach activities included: maintaining the cruise website,the creation of ERESE digital library resources for earth science education, live video-conferences with students half a world away in San Diego, and offering tours of the Research Vessel Kilo Moana during an open house event organized with the Samoa Department of Eduation. At this occasion, the HTH seniors shared experiences and knowledge with the visiting Samoan elementary and high school students. Science involvement of the high school seniors included deck and laboratory work, by assisting with dredging, piston coring, rock cataloguing, casting CTDs, and computer programming. Three major computer programming efforts by the HTH seniors substantively supported the outreach activities and the science operations during ALIA. (1) The development of "CustomHTMLExport", a utility that allows for the export of photographs and their metadata into web pages and digital library collection. (2) The "CruiseWatch" featureson the ALIA website (http://earthref.org/ERESE/projects/ALIA/) that displays in near - real time key shipboard data such as the location on a map, geographic coordinates, ship speed, direction and wind speed and dredging data. (3) A dredge location simulator to predict the location of the dredge with respect to the ship and the seafloor which was made necessary for the safety of dredging due to the failure of pingers that normally are used to provide critical data for the location of the dredge with respect to the seafloor. The dredge location model is based a fluid dynamics approach

  18. Ecological Network Analysis for a Low-Carbon and High-Tech Industrial Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Industrial sector is one of the indispensable contributors in global warming. Even if the occurrence of ecoindustrial parks (EIPs seems to be a good improvement in saving ecological crises, there is still a lack of definitional clarity and in-depth researches on low-carbon industrial parks. In order to reveal the processes of carbon metabolism in a low-carbon high-tech industrial park, we selected Beijing Development Area (BDA International Business Park in Beijing, China as case study, establishing a seven-compartment- model low-carbon metabolic network based on the methodology of Ecological Network Analysis (ENA. Integrating the Network Utility Analysis (NUA, Network Control Analysis (NCA, and system-wide indicators, we compartmentalized system sectors into ecological structure and analyzed dependence and control degree based on carbon metabolism. The results suggest that indirect flows reveal more mutuality and exploitation relation between system compartments and they are prone to positive sides for the stability of the whole system. The ecological structure develops well as an approximate pyramidal structure, and the carbon metabolism of BDA proves self-mutualistic and sustainable. Construction and waste management were found to be two active sectors impacting carbon metabolism, which was mainly regulated by internal and external environment.

  19. An Integrated Model for Supplier Selection for a High-Tech Manufacturer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Amy H. I.; Kang, He-Yau; Lin, Chun-Yu

    2011-11-01

    Global competitiveness has become the biggest concern of manufacturing companies, especially in high-tech industries. Improving competitive edges in an environment with rapidly changing technological innovations and dynamic customer needs is essential for a firm to survive and to acquire a decent profit. Thus, the introduction of successful new products is a source of new sales and profits and is a necessity in the intense competitive international market. After a product is developed, a firm needs the cooperation of upstream suppliers to provide satisfactory components and parts for manufacturing final products. Therefore, the selection of suitable suppliers has also become a very important decision. In this study, an analytical approach is proposed to select the most appropriate critical-part suppliers in order to maintain a high reliability of the supply chain. A fuzzy analytic network process (FANP) model, which incorporates the benefits, opportunities, costs and risks (BOCR) concept, is constructed to evaluate various aspects of suppliers. The proposed model is adopted in a TFT-LCD manufacturer in Taiwan in evaluating the expected performance of suppliers with respect to each important factor, and an overall ranking of the suppliers can be generated as a result.

  20. Ecological network analysis for a low-carbon and high-tech industrial park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yi; Su, Meirong; Liu, Gengyuan; Chen, Bin; Zhou, Shiyi; Jiang, Meiming

    2012-01-01

    Industrial sector is one of the indispensable contributors in global warming. Even if the occurrence of ecoindustrial parks (EIPs) seems to be a good improvement in saving ecological crises, there is still a lack of definitional clarity and in-depth researches on low-carbon industrial parks. In order to reveal the processes of carbon metabolism in a low-carbon high-tech industrial park, we selected Beijing Development Area (BDA) International Business Park in Beijing, China as case study, establishing a seven-compartment- model low-carbon metabolic network based on the methodology of Ecological Network Analysis (ENA). Integrating the Network Utility Analysis (NUA), Network Control Analysis (NCA), and system-wide indicators, we compartmentalized system sectors into ecological structure and analyzed dependence and control degree based on carbon metabolism. The results suggest that indirect flows reveal more mutuality and exploitation relation between system compartments and they are prone to positive sides for the stability of the whole system. The ecological structure develops well as an approximate pyramidal structure, and the carbon metabolism of BDA proves self-mutualistic and sustainable. Construction and waste management were found to be two active sectors impacting carbon metabolism, which was mainly regulated by internal and external environment.

  1. The Theoretical Connotation and Systematic Essence of Core Competence of Agricultural High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Six representative interpretations about the core competence of the corporate proposed by the researchers both at home and abroad from different perspectives are introduced,which includes "Resource theory","Capacity theory","Integration theory of assets and mechanism","Theory of consumer surplus","Theory of institutions and systems" and "Theory of innovation". It is pointed out that although these interpretations play an active role in enriching the theory of core competence,it still faces the problems to further deepen these interpretations:the first problem is how to give a precise definition;the second is about its extension;the third is on the logical and practical relationship between the production mechanism and its sustainable competitive advantages;the fourth is the problems in the production process and the corresponding management. Both the systematic essence and features of core competence are introduced:the first is the system self-organization process produced within the corporate;the second is the interaction between corporate system and environment;it needs a growing and evolution process. This paper briefly describes the essence of core competence of agricultural high-tech corporate,introduces its five features including systematicness,integration,non-imitation,ductility and non-equilibrium,and finally explains its component parts,mainly including corporate culture system,technological innovation system,human resource system,management capability system,corporate production and marketing system,financial capability system and adaptability system.

  2. An Augmented Common Weight Data Envelopment Analysis for Material Selection in High-tech Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Shokr

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Material selection is a challenging issue in manufacturing processes while the inappropriate selected material may lead to fail the manufacturing process or end user experience especially in high-tech industries such as aircraft and shipping. Every material has different quantitative and qualitative criteria which should be considered simultaneously when assessing and selecting the right material. A weighted linear optimization method (WLOM in the class of data envelopment analysis which exists in literature is adopted to address material selection problem while accounting for both qualitative and quantitative criteria. However, it is demonstrated the adopted WLOM method is not able to produce a full ranking vector for the material selection problems borrowed from the literature. Thus, an augmented common weight data envelopment analysis model (ACWDEA is developed in this paper with the aim of eliminating deficiencies of WLOM model. The proposed ACWDEA is able to produce full ranking vector in decision making problems with less computational complexities in superior to the WLOM. Two material selection problems are solved and results are compared with WLOM and previous methods. Finally, the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed ACWDEA method are evaluated through Spearman’s correlation tests.

  3. Displacement in new economy labor markets: Post-displacement wage loss in high tech versus low tech cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Daniel J; Rubin, Beth A

    2016-11-01

    While scholars and politicians tout education as the salve to employment disruptions, we argue that the geography of the new economy, and the social closure mechanisms that geography creates, may be just as important as individuals' characteristics for predicting post-displacement wage loss (or gain). We use data from the 2012 Displaced Workers ement of the Current Population Survey and from the 2010 United States Census to test hypotheses linking local labor markets in different industrial contexts to post-displacement wage loss. Our results point to age as a closure mechanism, and to the partially protective effect of education in high-tech versus low-tech economic sectors. This study is the first to use national level data to examine how employment in high-tech cities influences post-displacement wages. These findings are relevant both for theorizing about the new economy and for public policy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Screening procedure for airborne pollutants emitted from a high-tech industrial complex in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, John H C; Tsai, Ching-Tsan; Chiang, Chow-Feng

    2015-11-01

    Despite the modernization of computational techniques, atmospheric dispersion modeling remains a complicated task as it involves the use of large amounts of interrelated data with wide variability. The continuously growing list of regulated air pollutants also increases the difficulty of this task. To address these challenges, this study aimed to develop a screening procedure for a long-term exposure scenario by generating a site-specific lookup table of hourly averaged dispersion factors (χ/Q), which could be evaluated by downwind distance, direction, and effective plume height only. To allow for such simplification, the average plume rise was weighted with the frequency distribution of meteorological data so that the prediction of χ/Q could be decoupled from the meteorological data. To illustrate this procedure, 20 receptors around a high-tech complex in Taiwan were selected. Five consecutive years of hourly meteorological data were acquired to generate a lookup table of χ/Q, as well as two regression formulas of plume rise as functions of downwind distance, buoyancy flux, and stack height. To calculate the concentrations for the selected receptors, a six-step Excel algorithm was programmed with four years of emission records and 10 most critical toxics were screened out. A validation check using Industrial Source Complex (ISC3) model with the same meteorological and emission data showed an acceptable overestimate of 6.7% in the average concentration of 10 nearby receptors. The procedure proposed in this study allows practical and focused emission management for a large industrial complex and can therefore be integrated into an air quality decision-making system.

  5. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF A MODEL FOR MEASURING ORGANISATIONAL INNOVATION IN TAIWANESE HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    CHUN-CHU LIU

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this research was to construct organisational innovation dimensions and the associated evaluation index for Taiwan's high-tech industries, in order to evaluate Taiwan's current level of ability in this area, and provide a guideline for businesses. In addition, an organisational innovation model was also constructed to serve as a basis for innovation theory. The research methods employed included a literature review, in-depth interviews and small group techniques, which were u...

  6. Toward accurate radial velocities with the fiber-fed GIRAFFE multi-object VLT spectrograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, Frederic; Blecha, Andre; North, Pierre; Simond, Gilles; Baratchart, Sebastien; Cayatte, Veronique; Chemin, Laurent; Palsa, Ralf

    2002-12-01

    We describe briefly the Data-Reduction of the VLT fiber-fed multi-object GIRAFFE spectrograph - part of the VLT FLAMES facility. We focus on specific features of GIRAFFE - the simultaneous wavelength calibration - and their impact on the data-reduction strategy. We describe the implementation of the global physical model and we compare the results obtained with the simulated, laboratory and preliminary data. We discuss the influence of critical parameters, the overall accuracy of the wavelength solution, and the stability and the robustness of the global model approach. We address the accuracy of radial velocity measurements illustrated by solar spectra obtained during the Preliminary Acceptance in Europe.

  7. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ro-Ting Lin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan’s high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties—6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group—from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%–16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001 and COPD (p = 0.0212. The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  8. Bioreactor technology: a novel industrial tool for high-tech production of bioactive molecules and biopharmaceuticals from plant roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivakumar, Ganapathy

    2006-12-01

    Plants are the richest source for different bioactive molecules. Because of the vast number of side effects associated with synthetic pharmaceuticals, medical biotechnologists turned to nature to provide new promising therapeutic molecules from plant biofactories. The large-scale availability of the disease- and pesticide-free raw material is, however, restricted in vivo. Many bioactive plant secondary metabolites are accumulated in roots. Engineered plants can also produce human therapeutic proteins. Vaccines and diagnostic monoclonal antibodies can be won from their roots, so that engineered plants hold immense potential for the biopharmaceutical industry. To obtain sufficient amounts of the plant bioactive molecules for application in human therapy, adventitious and hairy roots have to be cultured in in vitro systems. High-tech pilot-scale bioreactor technology for the establishment of a long-term adventitious root culture from biopharmaceutical plants has recently been established. In this review, I briefly discuss a technology for cultivating bioactive molecule-rich adventitious and hairy roots from plants using a high-tech bioreactor system, as well as the principles and application of genome-restructuring mechanisms for plant-based biopharmaceutical production from roots. High-tech bioreactor-derived bioactive phytomolecules and biopharmaceuticals hold the prospect of providing permanent remedies for improving human well-being.

  9. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ro-Ting; Christiani, David C; Kawachi, Ichiro; Chan, Ta-Chien; Chiang, Po-Huang; Chan, Chang-Chuan

    2016-06-03

    Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan's high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties-6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group-from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%-16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001) and COPD (p = 0.0212). The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  10. The People’s Republic of China’s High-Tech Exports : Myth and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Yuqing Xing

    2012-01-01

    Trade statistics portray the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the largest exporter of high-tech products. In this paper I will argue that the PRC’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics which are inconsistent with trade based on global supply chains. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of assembled high-tech products to the PRC, thus greatly inflating its exports. In 2009, the PRC’s value-added accounted for only ab...

  11. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    OpenAIRE

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.; Kostenko Dmytro M.

    2016-01-01

    The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least pre...

  12. The Risk Evaluation of Agricultural High-tech Investment Project%农业高新技术投资项目风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆迁; 苗姗姗

    2005-01-01

    The agricultural high-tech investment project (AHIP) is characterized by technology-intensive, high risk and great profit. This article analyzes essential factors of the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the traditional risk evaluation method of agricultural projects. We think that the applications of the sensitivity analysis and probability are defective. Therefore, this article introduces a structural model to evaluate the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the system of the concrete evaluation indexes.

  13. Decision Making In A High-Tech World: Automation Bias and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosier, Kathleen L.; Skitka, Linda J.; Burdick, Mark R.; Heers, Susan T.; Rosekind, Mark R. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Automated decision aids and decision support systems have become essential tools in many high-tech environments. In aviation, for example, flight management systems computers not only fly the aircraft, but also calculate fuel efficient paths, detect and diagnose system malfunctions and abnormalities, and recommend or carry out decisions. Air Traffic Controllers will soon be utilizing decision support tools to help them predict and detect potential conflicts and to generate clearances. Other fields as disparate as nuclear power plants and medical diagnostics are similarly becoming more and more automated. Ideally, the combination of human decision maker and automated decision aid should result in a high-performing team, maximizing the advantages of additional cognitive and observational power in the decision-making process. In reality, however, the presence of these aids often short-circuits the way that even very experienced decision makers have traditionally handled tasks and made decisions, and introduces opportunities for new decision heuristics and biases. Results of recent research investigating the use of automated aids have indicated the presence of automation bias, that is, errors made when decision makers rely on automated cues as a heuristic replacement for vigilant information seeking and processing. Automation commission errors, i.e., errors made when decision makers inappropriately follow an automated directive, or automation omission errors, i.e., errors made when humans fail to take action or notice a problem because an automated aid fails to inform them, can result from this tendency. Evidence of the tendency to make automation-related omission and commission errors has been found in pilot self reports, in studies using pilots in flight simulations, and in non-flight decision making contexts with student samples. Considerable research has found that increasing social accountability can successfully ameliorate a broad array of cognitive biases and

  14. Evolutions and Trends in the International Trade with High-Tech Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Stănculescu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the ways for accessing knowledge and, through it, for competitivity on international level, is the world trade with high-tech (HT products. European Union and its Member States (Romania inclusive position on international HT market defines in fact their competitivity in the global economy. Many politics for encourage innovation in a country lead also to stimulate the technological transfer out of that country. Politics that reduce trade barriers and uncertainties in international trade relations have the potential to increase the international technology transfer. The weight of HT products and services in the entire world trade is around of 19-20%, this percentage varying in different studies and statistics due to the products groups considered to be part of this category and to the inclusion of some adjacent services. During 2001-2008, the world HT export value increased in average by 7% per year. The growth rates were fairly high, by one hand, because of the rising of exported/imported products complexity (and of advanced technologies, and by the other hand, due to the evolution of global demand and offer, that influence the prices of these products. The Popular Republic of China was the country that influenced mostly the increase of international trade with HT products. Four economies – China, United States, EU – 27 and Japan – totalize over one half of the world HT exports. USA and EU registered also the most important commercial deficits in the world in this field until 2008. In 2008, USA deficit turns into commercial surplus in HT area because of the decrease of imports following the crisis. As for Romania, the weight of HT products exports and imports in the whole country’s trade differs from about 4%, in exports case, to about 9-10%, in that of imports. Commercial balance in this field was always in the red. During 2001-2008, the greatest weights in the world trade with HT products have had, in order, the groups

  15. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezdi, Mana

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older technology devices and predictive maintenance for newer high-tech devices. For preventive maintenance development, 589 older technology devices were subjected to performance verification and safety testing (PVST). For predictive maintenance development, the manufacturers' recommendations were used for 134 high-tech devices. These strategies were evaluated in terms of device reliability. This study recommends the use of two different maintenance strategies for old and new devices at hospitals in developing countries. Thus, older technology devices that applied only corrective maintenance will be included in maintenance like high-tech devices.

  16. ESPRESSO: the ultimate rocky exoplanets hunter for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mégevand, Denis; Zerbi, Filippo M.; Cabral, Alexandre; Di Marcantonio, Paolo; Amate, Manuel; Pepe, Francesco; Cristiani, Stefano; Rebolo, Rafael; Santos, Nuno C.; Dekker, Hans; Abreu, Manuel; Affolter, Michael; Avila, Gerardo; Baldini, Veronica; Bristow, Paul; Broeg, Christopher; Carvas, Pedro; Cirami, Roberto; Coelho, João.; Comari, Maurizio; Conconi, Paolo; Coretti, Igor; Cupani, Guido; D'Odorico, Valentina; De Caprio, Vincenzo; Delabre, Bernard; Figueira, Pedro; Fleury, Michel; Fragoso, Ana; Genolet, Ludovic; Gomes, Ricardo; Gonzalez Hernandez, Jonay; Hughes, Ian; Iwert, Olaf; Kerber, Florian; Landoni, Marco; Lima, Jorge; Lizon, Jean-Louis; Lovis, Christophe; Maire, Charles; Mannetta, Marco; Martins, Carlos; Moitinho, André; Molaro, Paolo; Monteiro, Manuel; Rasilla, José Luis; Riva, Marco; Santana Tschudi, Samuel; Santin, Paolo; Sosnowska, Danuta; Sousa, Sergio; Spanò, Paolo; Tenegi, Fabio; Toso, Giorgio; Vanzella, Eros; Viel, Matteo; Zapatero Osorio, Maria Rosa

    2012-09-01

    ESPRESSO, the VLT rocky exoplanets hunter, will combine the efficiency of modern echelle spectrograph with extreme radial-velocity precision. It will be installed at Paranal on ESO's VLT in order to achieve a gain of two magnitudes with respect to its predecessor HARPS, and the instrumental radial-velocity precision will be improved to reach 10 cm/s level. We have constituted a Consortium of astronomical research institutes to fund, design and build ESPRESSO on behalf of and in collaboration with ESO, the European Southern Observatory. The project has passed the preliminary design review in November 2011. The spectrograph will be installed at the so-called "Combined Coudé Laboratory" of the VLT, it will be linked to the four 8.2 meters Unit Telescopes (UT) through four optical "Coudé trains" and will be operated either with a single telescope or with up to four UTs. In exchange of the major financial and human effort the building Consortium will be awarded with guaranteed observing time (GTO), which will be invested in a common scientific program. Thanks to its characteristics and the ability of combining incoherently the light of 4 large telescopes, ESPRESSO will offer new possibilities in many fields of astronomy. Our main scientific objectives are, however, the search and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone of quiet, near-by G to M-dwarfs, and the analysis of the variability of fundamental physical constants. In this paper, we present the ambitious scientific objectives, the capabilities of ESPRESSO, the technical solutions for the system and its subsystems, enlightening the main differences between ESPRESSO and its predecessors. The project aspects of this facility are also described, from the consortium and partnership structure to the planning phases and milestones.

  17. The European Southern Observatory and VLT telescopes on Paranal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boley, P. A.

    2012-01-01

    The Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on Cerro Paranal is one of the most influential observing complexes in the world. In this overview lecture, an introduction to the ESO organization and VLT telescopes is presented, along with a small selection of scientific works. Particular attention is given to the importance of the VLT for the Russian scientific community, as well as to present and future perspectives for making use of ESO and VLT data.

  18. Academic Libraries as High-Tech Gateways: A Guide to Design & Space Decisions. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazillion, Richard J.; Braun, Connie L.

    This book, based on research about libraries around the country, provides tools that can be used for planning and building an academic library space that streamlines access to information. It explains how to incorporate the latest innovations in academic library facility design; how to make the facility flexible for changing information technology…

  19. Forecasting Financial Distress of Chinese High-tech Manufacturing Companies Based on a Hybrid Model of GA-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Xin-ping; DING Yong-sheng; GE Yan; LONG Quan

    2008-01-01

    Owing to the radical changing of Chinese economy, it is essential to build an effective financial distress prediction model. In this paper, we present a genetic algorithm (GA) approach for optimizing parameters of support vector machine (SVM). We validate the proposed model on datasets of Chinese high-tech manufacturing industry. Experimental results reveal that the proposed GA-SVM model can compare to and even outperform other exiting classifiers. Compared to grid-search algorithm, the proposed GA-based takes less time to optimize SVM parameter without degrading the prediction accuracy of SVM.

  20. The link between organisational citizenship behaviours and open innovation: A case of Malaysian high-tech sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muzamil Naqshbandi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We examine the role of organisational citizenship behaviours (OCBs in two types of open innovation—inbound and outbound. Data were collected using the questionnaire survey technique from middle and top managers working in high-tech industries in Malaysia. Results show that OCBs positively predict both inbound and outbound open innovation. A closer look reveals that OCBs relate positively to out-bound open innovation in aggregate and in isolation. However, OCBs relate to in-bound open innovation in aggregate only. The implications of these results are discussed and limitations of the study are highlighted.

  1. Ten Years Evidence-Based High-Tech Acupuncture Part 3: A Short Review of Animal Experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Litscher

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available High-tech acupuncture research has been performed for 10 years at the Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Medical University of Graz. This article as a part of a series comprises animal experiments in the field of needle and laser acupuncture. The investigations presented in this article were performed in pigs, dogs and sheep. In all studies sedative stimulation effects of the acupoint Yintang are described using different measurement parameters (EEG-bispectral index, EEG spectral edge frequency and metabolic parameters.

  2. Ten Years Evidence-based High-Tech Acupuncture Part 3: A Short Review of Animal Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litscher, Gerhard

    2010-06-01

    High-tech acupuncture research has been performed for 10 years at the Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Medical University of Graz. This article as a part of a series comprises animal experiments in the field of needle and laser acupuncture. The investigations presented in this article were performed in pigs, dogs and sheep. In all studies sedative stimulation effects of the acupoint Yintang are described using different measurement parameters (EEG-bispectral index, EEG spectral edge frequency and metabolic parameters).

  3. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taylor, W.D.; Evans, C.J.; Henault-Brunet, V.; Bastian, N.; Beletsky, Y.; Bestenlehner, J.; Brott, I.; Cantiello, M.; Carraro, G.; Clark, J.S.; Crowther, P.A.; de Koter, A.; de Mink, S.E.; Doran, E.; Dufton, P.L.; Dunstall, P.; Gieles, M.; Grafener, G.; Herrero, A.; Howarth, I.D.; Langer, N.; Lennon, D.J.; Maiz-Apellaniz, J; Markova, N.; Najarro, P.; Puls, J.; Sana, H.A.A.; Simon-Diaz, S.; Smartt, S.J.; Stroud, V.E.; van Loon, J.T.; Vink, J.S.; Walborn, N.R.

    2011-01-01

    The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey is an ESO Large Programme that has provided multi-epoch spectroscopy of over 1000 stars in the 30 Doradus region in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Armed with this unique dataset the assembled consortium is now addressing a broad range of fundamental questions in both ste

  4. When VLT Meets HST : The HUGS Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fontana, A.; Dunlop, J. S.; Paris, D.; Targett, T.; Boutsia, K.; Castellano, M.; Galametz, A.; Grazian, A.; McLure, R.; Merlin, E.; Pentericci, L.; Wuyts, S.; Almaini, O.; Caputi, K.; Chary, R.-R.; Cirasuolo, M.; Conselice, C.; Cooray, A.; Daddi, E.; Dickinson, M.; Faber, S. M.; Fazio, G.; Ferguson, H.; Giallongo, E.; Giavalisco, M.; Grogin, N.; Hathi, N.; Koekemoer, A.; Koo, D. C.; Lucas, R.; Nonino, M.; Rix, H.-W.; Renzini, A.; Rosario, D.; Santini, P.; Scarlata, C.; Sommariva, V.; Stark, D. P.; van der Wel, A.; Vanzella, E.; Wild, V.; Yan, H.; Zibetti, S.

    2014-01-01

    A new ultra-deep near-infrared imaging survey has been completed using the HAWK-I imager at the VLT. It is named HUGS (HAWK-I Ultra Deep Survey and GOODS Survey) and delivers the deepest, highest quality images ever collected in the K-band. HUGS complements the data delivered by the HST CANDELS surv

  5. VIMOS - a Cosmology Machine for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    " was achieved on February 26, 2002, and a first series of test observations has successfully demonstrated the huge potential of this amazing facility. Much work on VIMOS is still ahead during the coming months in order to put into full operation and fine-tune the most efficient "galaxy cruncher" in the world. VIMOS is the outcome of a fruitful collaboration between ESO and several research institutes in France and Italy, under the responsibility of the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille (CNRS, France). The other partners in the "VIRMOS Consortium" are the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse, Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, and Observatoire de Haute-Provence in France, and Istituto di Radioastronomia (Bologna), Istituto di Fisica Cosmica e Tecnologie Relative (Milano), Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera (Milano) and Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte (Naples) in Italy. PR Photo 09a/02 : VIMOS image of the Antennae Galaxies (centre). PR Photo 09b/02 : First VIMOS Multi-Object Spectrum (full field) PR Photo 09c/02 : The VIMOS instrument on VLT MELIPAL PR Photo 09d/02 : The VIMOS team at "First Light". PR Photo 09e/02 : "First Light" image of NGC 5364 PR Photo 09f/02 : Image of the Crab Nebula PR Photo 09g/02 : Image of spiral galaxy NGC 2613 PR Photo 09h/02 : Image of spiral galaxy Messier 100 PR Photo 09i/02 : Image of cluster of galaxies ACO 3341 PR Photo 09j/02 : Image of cluster of galaxies MS 1008.1-1224 PR Photo 09k/02 : Mask design for MOS exposure PR Photo 09l/02 : First VIMOS Multi-Object Spectrum (detail) PR Photo 09m/02 : Integrated Field Spectroscopy of central area of the "Antennae Galaxies" PR Photo 09n/02 : Integrated Field Spectroscopy of central area of the "Antennae Galaxies" (detail) Science with VIMOS ESO PR Photo 09a/02 ESO PR Photo 09a/02 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 469 pix - 152k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 938 pix - 408k] ESO PR Photo 09b/02 ESO PR Photo 09b/02 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 511 pix - 304k] [Normal

  6. Continuous Innovation and Business Development in High-tech SME Clusters: A Change Point Analysis and Assessment Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Sabine; Neergaard, Helle; Ulhøi, John Parm

    The aim of this paper is to  propose an integrated methodological approach to study  complex  and  longitudinal  processes  such  as  continuous  innovation  and business development in high-tech SME clusters. It draws from four existing and  well-recognised approaches for studying events......, processes and changes; namely  change  point  analysis  (CPA),  event  history  analysis  (EHA),  critical  incident technique (CIT), and sequence analysis (SA). This paper contributes to research methodology  especially  when  studying  complex  and  long-term  or ongoing processes. The framework presented...... is especially helpful for studies which focus on continuous innovation and  business development in high-tech SME clusters as these  studies  could  benefit  tremendously  from  more qualitative  approaches, which  facilitate  in-depth  understanding  continuous  and  changing  processes. Therefore, major...

  7. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ju Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development differs between countries, many share the underlying assumption that the core of high-tech development is to create a sound environment where innovation thrives. This ideology implies a definite spatial dimension. As a result, various spatial strategies have been formulated and implemented to support high-tech development. This has had intentional and unintentional effects on the economy, society and space.Numerous studies have been devoted to exploring, analysing and theorising this global phenomenon. However, there has been less attention given to the role spatial planning may play in the process of high-tech development and to the factors that shape the spatial planning approaches to high-tech development in a particular place. The major objectives of this research are to advance the knowledge of the role of spatial planning in the process of high-tech development, and to establish an analytical framework that helps reveal the major institutional factors that shape spatial planning mechanisms for dealing with the spatial issues of high-tech development in different places. This contributes to the field of high-tech spatial policies transfer and lesson-drawing.In order to explore the major factors that shape the practices of spatial planning in hightech development, a comparative approach is applied in this research. The Eindhoven city-region in the Netherlands and the Hsinchu city-region in Taiwan are selected as case study areas. Both city-regions can be recognised as success stories of high-tech development not only on a national scale but also on a global scale, despite the fact that they apply different approaches. In the Eindhoven city

  8. ESO Council Decides to Continue VLT Project at Paranal

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-01

    to complete negotiation of a Supplementary and Amending Agreement and it was decided that a Council Delegation shall conclude as soon as possible the negotiation of this Agreement. Council noted that the Chilean Delegation has accepted ESO's invitation to hold the final round of negotiations in Europe and proposed that this final round shall be held in the period Sept. 15 - Oct. 15, 1994. Nonetheless, Council also expressed its preoccupation with regard to remaining ambiguities contained in some official statements according to which the formal recognition of ESO's status on Paranal would depend on the conclusion of the above mentioned Agreement. At the May 1994 meetings in Santiago [2], understanding had been reached that this Agreement will merely confirm the already existing legal situation. The main objective is to expand the cooperation between Chile and ESO by granting ensured access for Chilean astronomers to ESO's facilities and incorporate elements of Chilean labour legislation into the ESO internal staff regulations. In view of these circumstances, and pending the successful conclusion of these negotiations, Council therefore instructed the ESO Management to continue exploring alternative sites for the VLT. In a final statement, the ESO Council again expressed its hope that the scientific co-operation between Europe and Chile in the field of astronomy which began in 1963 will continue to develop and expand well into the next century to the mutual benefit of science in both communities. CONTINUATION OF THE VLT PROJECT In practical terms, the above decision by Council implies that ESO will now initiate the steps necessary to move from Europe to Paranal the main mechanical parts of the rotating dome (total weight around 500 tonnes) for the first VLT 8.2-metre unit telescope. It is expected that the sea transport will take place in September-October of this year and that assembly at Paranal will begin soon thereafter, once the concrete base, now under

  9. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least preserving the volume of high-tech exports are impossible on the existing industrial base and production technologies. It is displayed that an accumulation of high-tech exports will be possible only with implementation of the prospective production technologies (PPT, based on the own unique scientific-technological groundwork in the next 10–15 years, in view of: transition to the new (projected materials with desired properties; participation in research on mathematic modeling for intelligent production systems, co-working in the international projects of this kind; participation in pilot projects in the ICT industry; developing industrial nanobiotechnology; carrying out space research and developments in the terms of projects of the European Space Agency.

  10. The High-Tech and the Beautiful: Library Buildings, Digital Libraries, and the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Ellen D.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the new facilities at the New York Public Library, the British Library, and the National Library of France, including reference service, delivery time for books, and general ambience. Also reports on a conference that addressed issues related to scholarly communication and digital technology in the academic community. (LRW)

  11. A Study on Theoretical Model and Applied Evaluation of Land Use Performance of High-tech Zone in Urban Fringe: A Case Study in Haidian District, Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ban Maosheng; Fang Chuanglin; Liu Xiaoli

    2008-01-01

    High-tech industrial zone is an important carrier for constructing innovative cities.It also plays an important role in implementing the national independent innovative strategy.However,most of the high-tech industrial zones have many problems in their development process,such as efficiency of land use,weakness of oriented function and lack of land intensive.To solve these problems,the authors of this paper introduced the concept of land use performance and established the theoretical model to assess the land use performance of high-tech industrial zones.The model consists of the following three-dimensional parts:land use benefit,land use efficiency and innovative function.Based on this theory model,an index system which was composed of three secondary indictors,eight tertiary indictors and 37 fottrth-grade indictors was set up to evaluate the land use performance of high-teeh zone.To avoid the defects of plus model and function model,the authors brought out a three-dimensional evaluation model to examine the index of the land use performance of the high-tech industrial parks,which equals to the evaluation indicator system of land use performance of high-tech zone based on the above research.The authors examined the land use performance of five different high-tech industrial parks in Haidian District,Beijing City.The results indicated that the indicator system performs better in the aspect of evaluating land use benefit,land use efficiency and function of the high-teeh industrial zone compared with other models.

  12. LEOMA and the US laser industry the good and bad moves for trade associations in emerging high-tech industries

    CERN Document Server

    Hitz, C

    2015-01-01

    Hitz addresses the urgent issues that the Laser and Electro-Optics Manufacturer’s Association (LEOMA) tackled in the late 1980s, which will help guide future trade associations to handle related political and infrastructural issues from the industry. LEOMA- the Laser and Electro-Optics Manufacturers’ Association – is in many ways similar to trade associations that exist, or will exist, in other emerging, high-technology industries. Having dealt successfully with these initial obstacles, LEOMA went on to tackle other issues, perhaps less urgent, that confronted the industry. LEOMA and the US Laser Industry: The Good and Bad Moves for Trade Associations in Emerging High-Tech Industries describes the approaches, both successful and not, to the political and infrastructure issues addressed by the trade association. The intent is to provide guidance to those confronting similar issues, and help them avoid unsuccessful approaches. The key fea ures highlight the problems that were dealt with, and solutions,...

  13. ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODELING FLEXIBILITY AND PRODUCTIVITY RATIOS IN THE FORMATION OF A SYSTEM OF INTERNAL LOGISTICS OF HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Baranov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the features of construction of the system internal logistics of high-tech enterprises. It describes a range of problems solved by these systems. As part of the internal logistics system is considered one of the tasks of operational and production management calendar. Considered in the article the problem associated with the formation of the production program of diversified production. As part of this task is received economic and mathematical model that establishes the relation between the parameters of fl exibility and performance to organizational and production structure of the high-tech enterprises.

  14. 高技术企业组织冗余开发模型研究%Development Model Research for Organizational Slack of High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩杰; 李金生

    2012-01-01

    A large number of organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises affects them to enhance their independent innovation capability. However, the due presence of organizational slack can help them cope with the dramatic changes in the internal and external environment, thereby playing a crucial role in the high-tech enterprises. The rational use of organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises relates to the competitive advantages and business performance of high-tech enterprises. For the organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises, this paper respectively analyzes their composition and organization values in the process of high-tech innovation and the relationship between environment, high-tech enterprises and organizational slack of them by means of the construction of development model of organizational slack, ultimately pointing out targeted suggestions in rational use organizational slack for high-tech enterprises.%高技术企业内部存在大量的组织冗余,影响企业自主创新能力的提高.但适当的组织冗余又能够帮助企业应对内外部环境的剧烈变化,对企业发挥至关重要的作用.组织冗余的合理利用,关系到高技术企业的竞争优势和经营绩效.针对高技术企业内部的组织冗余,分析其在高技术企业技术创新过程中的构成和价值,进而通过构建高技术企业组织冗余开发模型,分析环境、高技术企业和高技术企业组织冗余之间的关系,最终对高技术企业合理利用组织冗余提出有针对性的建议.

  15. Impact of R&D expenditures on research publications, patents and high-tech exports among European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meo, S A; Usmani, A M

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the impact of Research&Development (R&D) expenditures on research publications, patents and high-tech exports among European countries. In this study, 47 European countries were included. The information regarding European countries, their per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), R&D spending, number of universities, indexed scientific journals, high technology exports and number of patents were collected. We recorded the total number of research documents in various science and social sciences subjects during the period 1996-2011. The main source for information was World Bank, Web of Science, Thomson Reuters and SCImago/Scopus. The mean GDP per capita for all the European countries is 23372.64 ± 3588.42 US$, yearly per capita spending on R&D 1.14 ± 0.13 US$, number of universities 48.17 ± 10.26, mean number of Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) indexed journal per country 90.72 ± 38.47, high technology exports 12.86 ± 1.59 and number of patent applications 61504.23 ± 22961.85. The mean of research documents published in various science and social science subjects among all the European countries during the period 1996-2011 is 213405.70 ± 56493.04. Spending on R&D, number of universities, indexed journals, high technology exports and number of patents have a positive correlation with number of published documents in various science and social science subjects. We found a positive correlation between patent application and high-tech exports. However, there was no association between GDP per capita and research outcomes. It is concluded that, the most important contributing factors towards a knowledge based economy are spending on R&D, number of universities, scientific indexed journals and research publications, which in turn give a boast to patents, high technology exports and ultimately GDP.

  16. Explorer la Micro Web TV italienne: comment les bricoleurs de high-tech redéfinissent-ils le public?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano TRERÉ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The media landscape is undergoing radical changes, especially related to the process of digitalization and information circulation through the internet, which increases the number of web channels and the opportunity to access them using multiple devices, and decreases the expertise needed to produce them. In this new digital, multi-channel environment, radical innovation, diversification and media hybridization are revolutionizing television. For over fifty years the way that television is watched and produced has not changed significantly. Today the roles of producers and audiences have blurred because users are able to upload their contents independent of traditional intermediaries, and to create their own Web TV platforms in an inexpensive way. Claude Lévi Strauss in 1962 developed the concept of the bricoleur opposed to the concept of ingénieur. According to the author, the bricoleur is able to use any available tools stocked from previous experience in order to complete a project, even if these tools were not intended for the specific goal. Drusian and Riva (2010 have applied this concept to the digital context describing the features of a new communication actor: the bricoleur high-tech. In this paper, drawing on the concept of the high-tech bricoleur, we will investigate two different Italian Web Television projects, CrossingTv, a micro WebTV created in Bologna in 2006, and FEMI, the Italian federation of Micro web TVs created in 2008. These initiatives both require the bricoleur, but they differ with regard to aim and results. Through the exploration of these two case studies, this paper shows in which ways these Web TV experiences differ from traditional television, specifically, how these new TV platforms clouds the distinction between media producers and media consumers. Our findings highlight a paradigm shift in how television is produced: content is generated collaboratively through recursive feedback between producers and

  17. Planning and Designing Today's Career Tech Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaman, James

    2010-01-01

    During the past 20 years, career and technical education (CTE) has gone through significant changes. CTE has evolved in response to the changes technology has had on the job market. Preparing students for high-tech, high-skill job opportunities is the new focus. The facilities that house these programs, however, have not kept pace with these…

  18. 高科技企业财务管理风险探析%The risk analysis of financial management of high-tech enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春歌

    2012-01-01

      在如今的知识经济时代下,高科技领域的竞争正在变得更加激烈。确保财务业绩能够实现可持续增长,控制好财务管理风险,已经成为高科技企业财务管理工作中的重中之重。本文分析了高科技企业财务管理的主要风险,并提出了高科技企业控制财务管理风险的几点对策。%  In today's knowledge economy era, high-tech field of competition is becoming more fierce. Ensure financial performance to achieve sustainable growth, control financial risk management, has become a high-tech enterprises in financial management priority among priorities. This paper analyzes the main risks of financial management of high-tech enterprises, and puts forward the high-tech enterprises control the risk in the financial management of a few countermeasure.

  19. 向中国高技术产业的投资快速增长%China's investment in high-tech industry grows rapidly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    According to the latest statistics released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China's investment in fixed assets of high-tech industries- such as the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, air and space vehicles, electronics and telecom equipment, computer and office equipment, medical equipment, and instrument and meters expanded in 2002 at a faster pace with more funds raised independently.

  20. Try it, you’ll like it—or will you? : The perils of early free-trial promotions for high-tech service adoption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Foubert, B.; Gijsbrechts, Els

    The proliferation of free trials for high-tech services calls for a careful study of their effectiveness, and the drivers thereof. On the one hand, free trials can generate new paying subscribers, by allowing consumers to become acquainted with the service free of charge. On the other hand, a

  1. INFLUENCE OF FACTORS UNSTABLE ENVIRONMENT ON THE STRATEGY OF INTERACTION BETWEEN STATE AND BUSINESS IN HIGH-TECH SECTORS RUSSIAN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav V. Baranov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The types of the unstable state of the macroeconomic environment affecting the strategy of forming government and business. Applied to high-tech industries studied forms of public-private partnerships. The structure of the organizational problems that arise in the creation and development of effective public-private partnership whose solution minimizes the negative effects of environmental factors.

  2. E-learning : a high-tech solution to industry training challenges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budd, G.

    2007-09-15

    A web-based e-learning system used to train oilsands upgrading employees was discussed in this article. While the majority of the upgrader's staff had previously worked in the oil and gas industry, many did not have adequate control system training. Use of the system avoided the need for upgrader downtime due to staff shortages during training periods, and avoided the need for on-site instructor-led classes. Savings of over $90,000 were made on a single training course by using the web-based system. A learning content management system (LCMS) was used to develop and customize learning modules so that the software could be customized for use at different facilities. Use of the e-learning system allows staff to mesh training time with regular work schedules and can save companies thousands of hours in training time. Information on the training modules is referenced in a database so that staff members can address new or additional systems, equipment, or technologies. It was concluded that a growing number of companies are using web-based learning systems. 2 figs.

  3. VLT/SINFONI spectroscopy of the superantennae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Reunanen

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos los resultados de espectroscopia de campo integral en bandas H y K VLT/SINFONI de IRAS 19254-7245 (Superantennae, una ULRIG cercana con un AGN embebido. Los mapas de las líneas, campos de velocidades y mapas de dispersión de velocidades se presentan para varias líneas de emisión. Las proporciones de las líneas de emisión de H2 son consistentes con la excitación térmica, debida probablemente a choques.

  4. ESO-VLT Science Data Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanuschik, Reinhard; Data Processing; Quality Control Group

    2017-09-01

    "In the past three years the QC group at ESO has installed an efficient process to create science-grade data products from VLT instruments. With the focus on spectroscopic observations, these data products are complementary to the (externally provided) data products from the surveys. The production line combines efficient mass production (more than one million spectra have been generated so far), previews, and quality control. All data products are available to the community through the ESO archive interface. The talk will highlight the most recent addition, the MUSE datacubes."

  5. Beam combination modes of the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merkle, Fritz

    The optical configuration of the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) is based on a linear array of 4 independently mounted 8-m telescopes. This concept allows a flexible and versatile use of the telescopes. They can be operated either independently or in various combination schemes. In the latter case, the light collected with the unit telescopes is fed via beam combination optics to the combined focus. The incoherent combination with a combined coude focus offers the light collecting power approximately equivalent to a 16-m single dish telescope. The efficiency of the combined foci operation is only given if the losses in the combining train are minimized.

  6. 医学生辅助诊断能力的培养%Medical ethics education in clinic practice: Training medicos to envisage the effects of high- tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦怀新; 蔡绍曦

    2005-01-01

    It belongs to the ethics that depending to much on high - tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases and overlooking medical examination and clinical history. In clinic educations, we should train medicos to envisage the effects of high - tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases, and strengthen their feeling of responsibihty and training of clinic basic shills.

  7. 中国对高新技术产品出口实行全额退税%Full export tax rebate to be granted to high-tech products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Chinese deputy minister of commerce Wei Jianguo recently disclosed that following the resumption of a 17% tax rebate to the export of high-tech products last year, China would implement full export tax rebate to computer, software and other high-tech products this year.

  8. Empreendedorismo high-tech no Brasil: condicionantes econômicos, políticos e culturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia M. K. Guimarães

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o fenômeno do empreendedorismo tecnológico, em crescimento no Brasil, estimulado sobretudo pelo avanço das tecnologias de informação e comunicação e por ações governamentais como a Política de Desenvolvimento Produtivo, de maio de 2008, que propõe aumento de 10% no número de micro e pequenas exportadoras, até 2010. O estudo baseia-se em uma abordagem multidimensional que destaca a importância de aspectos econômicos, institucionais, culturais e cognitivos e que supõe uma articulação entre fatores objetivos e subjetivos, entre níveis micro e macro. Os dados empíricos foram coletados através de entrevistas realizadas com empreendedores cujas empresas encontram-se em incubadoras tecnológicas, localizadas em três campi de universidades, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. As evidências encontradas reforçam a hipótese de que estaria ocorrendo o que se poderia chamar de "mudança cultural", no sentido de que profissionais com alta qualificação, demandados pelo mercado de trabalho, apresentam comportamentos, valores e objetivos, distintos dos esperados - obter um emprego bem remunerado em uma grande empresa, pública ou privada; ênfase nos valores econômicos; individualismo; exercício de poder.The article is concerned with discussing high tech entrepreneurship, which has grown in Brazil, fostered by the advancement of the information and communication technologies and by government actions, as illustrated by the Productive Development Policy, from May, 2008, which sets a target of 10 percent growth, for exporting micro and small enterprises, until 2010. The study was based on a multi-dimensional approach underlying the importance of the economic, institutional, cultural and cognitive factors and the interrelationship between the objective and subjective, the macro and micro levels. The empirical data were obtained through interviews with entrepreneurs whose firms are part of technological incubators, located

  9. Obsolescence of electronics at the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hüdepohl, Gerhard; Haddad, Juan-Pablo; Lucuix, Christian

    2016-07-01

    The ESO Very Large Telescope Observatory (VLT) at Cerro Paranal in Chile had its first light in 1998. Most of the telescopes' electronics components were chosen and designed in the mid 1990s and are now around 20 years old. As a consequence we are confronted with increasing failure rates due to aging and lack of spare parts, since many of the components are no longer available on the market. The lifetime of large telescopes is generally much beyond 25 years. Therefore the obsolescence of electronics components and modules becomes an issue sooner or later and forces the operations teams to upgrade the systems to new technology in order to avoid that the telescope becomes inoperable. Technology upgrade is a time and money consuming process, which in many cases is not straightforward and has various types of complications. This paper shows the strategy, analysis, approach, timeline, complications and progress in obsolescence driven electronics upgrades at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory.

  10. 不同绩效高新技术企业的结构因素影响——基于高新技术上市公司的数据%The Influence of Structural Factors on the Performance of Different Levels in High-Tech Enterprises Analysis Based on the Data of High.tech Listed Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张同斌

    2012-01-01

    本文选取2007-2010年我国高新技术上市公司数据,采用分位数回归方法,研究了分层次高新技术企业绩效中股权结构和资本结构的差异化影响。结果表明,随着高新技术上市公司绩效水平的提升,第一大股东持股比例对高新技术上市公司各分位绩效的影响逐渐增大。资产负债率代表的企业经营风险程度和现金流量一直显著影响我国高新技术上市公司绩效,并且资产负债率对高新技术上市公司绩效低分位数的影响小于对绩效高分位数的影响。此外,规模因素仅对高新技术上市公司高分位绩效有显著负影响,绩效越好的高新技术上市公司,规模的制约作用越大。我国高新技术上市公司应提高股权集中度,降低资产负债率,将规模保持在合理水平。%By the end of 2010, the number of China' s high-tech listed companies is about 476. More and more high-tech enterprises enter into the capital market to gain support or supervision and thus enhance their performances. In the year of 2010, the average share proportion of the largest shareholder and the average asset-liabil- ity ratio of China' s high-tech listed companies are 34.8 percent and 31.01 percent respectively. The high concen- tration of share proportion and the low asset-liability ratio are typical characteristics of high-tech listed companies. The largest shareholder' influence on the mode of corporate governance and the listed companies' preference of the equity financing are the important factors affecting the performance of high-tech listed company. The study of above problems is of theoretical and practical significance. This paper did a study on the various effects of ownership structure and capital structure factors on high quan- tile and low quantile performances using the quantile regression method. The empirical results show that the owner- ship structure of high-tech listed companies has nothing

  11. A strategy to assist management in workforce engagement and employee retention in the high tech engineering environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Elizabeth; Daim, Tugrul U

    2010-11-01

    Many companies use survey methods in an attempt to gauge employees' attitudes and opinions toward the company. These attitudes and opinions are directly related to an employee's engagement within the company. In many instances, employees wait in vain for the survey response and the subsequent employer actions, but the truth is sometimes management does not know what to do with the results. For this reason, we theorize that this type of survey, typically utilizing the Likert-scale, is not adequately assisting management in addressing employee engagement and retention issues. For instance, in many occasions, once the survey results are tabulated, companies are doing little or nothing to address the issues. In fact, far too many companies make the mistake of conducting employee engagement surveys, and then ignore the answers. Thus, we propose that a company should take advantage of the survey results, and utilize them to provide data to bridge employees' needs and goals with stakeholders' responsibilities and goals by refining and incorporating them into a hierarchical decision model (HDM). Thus, this would essentially be utilizing the quantitative data to determine what to measure qualitatively. We use a case from the high tech industry, specifically focusing on the engineering environment. Engineering environments are known to be more creative and such approaches would be more beneficial. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Dutch Minister of Science Visits ESO Facilities in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-01

    Mrs. Maria van der Hoeven, the Dutch Minister of Education, Culture and Science, who travelled to the Republic of Chile, arrived at the ESO Paranal Observatory on Friday afternoon, May 13, 2005. The Minister was accompanied, among others, by the Dutch Ambassador to Chile, Mr. Hinkinus Nijenhuis, and Mr. Cornelis van Bochove, the Dutch Director of Science. The distinguished visitors were able to acquaint themselves with one of the foremost European research facilities, the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT), during an overnight stay at this remote site, and later, with the next major world facility in sub-millimetre and millimetre astronomy, the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA). At Paranal, the guests were welcomed by the ESO Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky; the ESO Council President, Prof. Piet van der Kruit; the ESO Representative in Chile, Prof. Felix Mirabel; the Director of the La Silla Paranal Observatory, Dr. Jason Spyromilio; by one of the Dutch members of the ESO Council, Prof. Tim de Zeeuw; by the renowned astrophysicist from Leiden, Prof. Ewine van Dishoek, as well as by ESO staff members. The visitors were shown the various high-tech installations at the observatory, including many of the large, front-line VLT astronomical instruments that have been built in collaboration between ESO and European research institutes. Explanations were given by ESO astronomers and engineers and the Minister gained a good impression of the wide range of exciting research programmes that are carried out with the VLT. Having enjoyed the spectacular sunset over the Pacific Ocean from the Paranal deck, the Minister visited the VLT Control Room from where the four 8.2-m Unit Telescopes and the VLT Interferometer (VLTI) are operated. Here, the Minister was invited to follow an observing sequence at the console of the Kueyen (UT2) and Melipal (UT3) telescopes. "I was very impressed, not just by the technology and the science, but most of all by all the people involved

  13. SCIENCE OPPORTUNITIES ON THE VLT INTERFEROMETER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schöller

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El interferómetro del VLT está desde hace varios años en operaciones científicas, con nuevas oportunidades disponibles cada vez que nuevas instalaciones están siendo integradas. La mayor parte de estos pasos son fácilmente visibles, pero algunas posibilidades se presentan a partir de mejoras simples. Detallo el potencial científico del VLTI, dando una descripción de la infraestructura y los modos ofrecidos por los instrumentos. Luego examino las limitaciones fijadas por la accesibilidad del cielo, flujo del objeto en el espectro visible e infrarrojo, o la morfología del objeto, seguida por una discusión de qué información se puede extraer de las mediciones del VLTI. Finalizo con una perspectiva en las mejoras futuras del VLTI.

  14. High-Tech Cruelty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W.

    2011-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a growing problem because increasing numbers of young people use computers, cell phones, and other interactive devices as their main form of social interaction. Cyberbullies use technology to harass, threaten, or humiliate their peers. Online aggression isn't just traditional bullying with new tools. It's widespread, devastating,…

  15. High tech application

    CERN Multimedia

    1988-01-01

    Equipment for vacuum deposition of conductor tracks on three sets of quartz plates. This technique requires exceptionally clean working conditions. This technique requires exceptionally clean working conditions.

  16. High Tech Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    Includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling at the beginning of the new millennium. Contains reviews and implications of several articles that appeared in the first issue of the "Journal of Technology in Counseling" and some recent technology related developments by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision and…

  17. High Tech Counseling: Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Christina Mann; Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    This article includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling. It contains reviews and implications of 4 articles that appeared in the Journal of Technology in Counseling (JTC) and provides a discussion of the future of technology in the counseling profession.

  18. Beyond high tech

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel, Franziska; Wilker, Helge

    2012-01-01

    Technology plays an important role for any start-up as an opportunity to be exploited, as well as an enabler to structure the start-up's activities to better generate value. The business model is a useful tool in these settings to keep track of technology and understand its potential value for th...

  19. VLT imaging of the {\\beta} Pictoris gas disk

    CERN Document Server

    Nilsson, R; Olofsson, G; Fathi, K; Thébault, Ph; Liseau, R

    2012-01-01

    Circumstellar debris disks older than a few Myr should be largely devoid of primordial gas remaining from the protoplanetary disk phase. Tracing the origin of observed atomic gas in Keplerian rotation in the edge-on debris disk surrounding the ~12 Myr old star {\\beta} Pictoris requires more detailed information about its spatial distribution than has previously been acquired by limited slit spectroscopy. Especially indications of asymmetries and presence of Ca II gas at high disk latitudes call for additional investigation. We set out to recover a complete image of the Fe I and Ca II gas emission around {\\beta} Pic by spatially resolved, high-resolution spectroscopic observations to better understand the morphology and origin of the gaseous disk component. The multiple fiber facility FLAMES/GIRAFFE at the VLT, with the large IFU ARGUS, was used to obtain spatially resolved optical spectra in four regions covering the northeast and southwest side of the disk. Emission lines from Fe I and Ca II were mapped and ...

  20. The Export Competitiveness Analysis of High-tech Products in Zhejiang Province%高新技术产品出口竞争力分析:浙江案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞涔; 严焰

    2012-01-01

    High-tech industry of Zhejiang province is the one which has rapid development in recent years. This paper apply exports , export growth .international market share, revealed comparative advantage indices, trade competitiveness index which are judged the export competitiveness of high-tech products, most of the index show that the competitiveness of high-tech products is not strong. Therefore, the author puts some proposals forward to enhance export competitiveness of high-tech products, such as the government further consummates the high-tech industry development policy, increases investment in science and technology, trains talents of high-tech industry, develops high-tech campus and so on.%运用国际市场占有率、显示性比较优势指数、贸易竞争力指数等对浙江省高新技术产品出口竞争力进行评价,大多数指标显示浙江高新技术产品的竞争力不强.最后提出了提升浙江高新技术产品出口竞争力的若干建议,如政府进一步完善高新技术产业发展的政策,积极培养高新技术人才,加大科技投入力度,不断发展高新技术园区等.

  1. 两型高新技术产业发展战略研究%Study on Two-type High-tech Industry Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管顺丰; 刘健

    2012-01-01

    高新技术产业是提升产业竞争力、改善人民生活质量、保障国家安全和促进国家经济增长的重要产业。两型高新技术产业指的是资源节约型和环境友好型的高新技术产业。目前,关于两型高新技术产业发展战略及实施体制机制创新的相关研究主要集中在资源节约或环境友好的某一方面的产业领域开展的相关研究,缺少关于两型高新技术产业发展战略的系统的研究成果。%The high-tech industry is an important industry to enhance industrial competitiveness, improving people's quality of life, protection of national security and promote national economic growth. The two types of high-tech industry is a re- source-saving and environment-friendly high-tech industries. At present, research focuses on two types of high-tech indus- trial development strategy and implementation of institutional innovation in a resource-saving and environmentally friendly industrial areas, the lack of systems on the two tvoes of hi~h-tech industrial develonment strateav research results.

  2. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Mana Sezdi

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older tec...

  3. Organizational Learning and Technical Innovation of High - tech Enterprises%高新技术企业中的组织学习与技术创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李相银; 余莉莉

    2012-01-01

    在当今知识经济的大背景下,以高新技术企业为对象,通过探讨组织学习与技术创新的关系,阐明了组织学习对技术创新的作用,并提出了高新技术企业如何通过组织学习加快实现技术创新的基本思路,以期为我国高新技术企业技术创新能力的提升和国际市场竞争力的增强提供指导.%In the background of knowledge economy, we choose high - tech enterprises to study . Throng exploring the re-lationship between organizational learning and technical innovation, we give a statement about how organizational learning has an effect on technical innovation and then provide some suggestions to high - tech enterprises. We hope all these can make a contribution to improve high - tech enterprises' capacities of technical innovation and the international competitive in our country.

  4. 高新技术产业化项目评价模型的构建%Construction of the High-tech Industrialization Projects Evaluation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晶晶; 伍晓强

    2012-01-01

    In the light of the research on the high-tech industrialization projects evaluation, this paper proposed the idea of evaluating high-tech industrialization projects technical level from the view of patent portfolio analysis. At the same time, referring to the theory choosing leading industry, this paper constructed the patent-industry-market integration portfolio assessment model to provide an objective and effective analysis tool for the local governments to evaluate and choose the high-tech industrialization projects.%针对目前高新技术产业化项目评价研究中存在的问题,本文采用专利组合分析方法对高新技术产业化项目的技术实力进行评价.同时,借鉴主导产业选择的相关理论,构建出专利—产业—市场一体化组合模型,以期为地方政府组织评价、筛选高新技术产业化项目提供客观、有效的分析工具.

  5. Study on the Training System to Key talents in High- Tech Company%高科技企业核心人才培训体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲玲; 辜璐

    2011-01-01

    人才是有能动性的最宝贵资源,核心人才竞争已成为企业乃至国家之间竞争的核心和焦点,而人力资源管理水平将成为识别企业实力的重要指标.论文着眼于我国高科技企业的科研生产实际和现有人才状况,通过对当前高科技企业核心人才成长规律进行深入分析,并参照和借鉴国内外知名企业的教育培训体系的先进经验,提出构建高科技企业核心人才培训体系的对策建议.%Talent is the most valuable resource. The competition for key talents has become the core of competition between countries and companies. Human resource management level will be an important standard of measuring company strength. This article focuses on the reality of science research and production in high - tech companies and the condition of existing talents through researching on growth rules of key talent in high - tech companies and referring to the experience and enlightenment of their successful implementation of training systems in famous enterprises. Finally, specific measures have been proposed to build a core training system for high - tech companies.

  6. Input -output Analysis of High -tech Enterprises of Hubei Province-A Case Study of 46 High -tech Listed Companies%高新技术企业投入产出分析--以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘峰; 谢吕元

    2014-01-01

    High -tech enterprises are the main force of industrial transformation and upgrading,so input -output efficien-cy of high -tech enterprises is particularly important.This paper,take 46 high -tech listed companies in Hubei Province as the research object,from three angles,R &D investment,wages and salaries investment and the acquisition or construc-tion of assets invested into,with regression analysis of the main business income,studied the input and output the status quo of high -tech enterprises in Hubei Province,and proposed measures to optimize the efficiency of input and output.%高新技术企业是产业转型升级的主力军,因此高新技术企业的投入产出效率就显得尤为重要。以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业作为研究对象,从研发投入、员工工资投入以及购建资产投入三个角度与主营业务收入进行回归分析,研究湖北省高新技术企业投入产出的现状,并提出优化投入产出效率的措施。

  7. 基于灰色评价方法的高新区品牌竞争力实证研究——以重庆高新区为例%An Empirical Study on Brand Competitiveness of High Tech Zone based on Gray Evaluation: A case study of Chongqing high tech zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌; 赵红

    2012-01-01

    Compared with the brands of products or enterprises, the brands of High Tech Zone own more characteristics. The brand competitiveness of High Tech Zone is related to the competitiveness of the region or city. The paper builds the evaluation index framework of High Tech Zone brand competitiveness from the perspective of brand, and uses gray evaluation method to evaluate the brand competitiveness. Finally, the paper provides some implications and suggestions for High Tech Zone branding.%与一般的产品品牌或企业品牌相比,高新区品牌具有更多的特点,其品牌竞争力更多地依赖于区域或城市的竞争力,且影响因素很多.基于品牌视角,通过建立高新区品牌竞争力评价指标体系,利用灰色评价方法与模糊方法建立测评矩阵进行高新区品牌竞争力综合评价,为高新区品牌评价与建设提供有益参考与建议.

  8. Where High-Tech Meets High-Touch: an example of effective cross-disciplinary collaboration in education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzhauer, B.; Mooney, M. E.

    2012-12-01

    How can non-formal education programs effectively blend hands-on, place-based field science lessons with technology and digital media to teach abstract global concepts in a local setting? Using climate change as an overarching concept, the Aldo Leopold Nature Center (ALNC) in Madison, WI, is developing exhibits and digital curricula, strengthened through partnerships with local and national experts from scientific and education fields, to effectively increase the public's interest in and understanding of science and technology, how the world works, and what we can do to adapt, mitigate, and innovate sustainable solutions. The exhibits and multimedia content, centered on topics such as climate, energy, weather, and phenology, have been developed in consultation with partners like the National Academy of Sciences and various departments at the University of Wisconsin (UW). Outdoor "high-touch" programs are complemented with "high-tech" exhibits and media, including touchscreen kiosks and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Science On a Sphere® global display system, tying together multimedia experiences with peer-reviewed cutting-edge science to ensure maximum comprehension by appealing and connecting to learners of all ages and learning modalities. The curriculum is being developed in alignment with local and national education standards and science and climate literacy frameworks (such as "The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences," U.S. Global Change Research Program / U.S. Climate Change Science Program). Its digital format allows it to be easily adapted to visitors' learning styles and cognitive levels and updated with relevant new content such as real-time climate data or current visualizations from the UW Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies. Drawing upon ALNC's award-winning environmental education experiences, professional development networks such as NOAA's Climate Stewards Education Program, and existing

  9. VLT spectroscopy of NGC3115 globular clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Kuntschner, H; Sharples, R M; Worthey, G; Fricke, K J; Kuntschner, Harald; Ziegler, Bodo L.; Worthey, Guy; Fricke, Klaus J.

    2002-01-01

    We present results derived from VLT-FORS2 spectra of 24 different globular clusters associated with the lenticular galaxy NGC3115. A subsample of 17 globular clusters have sufficiently high signal-to-noise to allow precision measurements of absorption line-strengths. Comparing these indices to new stellar population models by Thomas et al. we determine ages, metallicities and element abundance ratios. Our data are also compared with the Lick/IDS observations of Milky Way and M31 globular clusters. Unpublished higher order Balmer lines (HgammaA,F and HdeltaA,F) from the Lick/IDS observations are given in the Appendix. Our best age estimates show that the observed clusters which sample the bimodal colour distribution of NGC3115 are coeval within our observational errors (2-3 Gyr). Our best calibrated age/metallicity diagnostic diagram (Hbeta vs [MgFe]) indicates an absolute age of 11-12 Gyr. We confirm with our accurate line-strength measurements that the (V-I) colour is a good metallicity indicator within the ...

  10. IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE STATE FINANCIAL CONTROL IN THE SPHERE OF HIGH-TECH MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anzhela Zakhitovna Namitulina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The presented research topic is particularly relevant due to the high value and the need to strengthen fi nancial control for the development of the military-industrial complex (MIC, to ensure the country's economic security, preservation and development of scientifi c and technical potential. The urgency of acquiring those aspects of economic relations which are connected with the supply the export of high-tech military products in a limited budget funding State should have levers of infl uence on the functioning of the military-industrial complex, the ability to pursue an independent foreign military-technical policy. In the new economic conditions, it became necessary to address the problems of fi nancial security of the defense-industrial complex, in order to strengthen the independence and security of Russia, as well as the need to give priority nature of the measures of state control in the economy related to the implementation of the defense order, ie, in the sphere of military-industrial complex. At the present stage of economic development of Russia, the rate of growth of the national economy largely depends on what the situation is in the military-industrial complex (MIC. This is due to the fact that the defense industry is the most high-quality, high-tech economy. It concentrated the largest part of the Russian potential, the best staff of scientists and experts. Products and DIC technology widely used in other industries. The modern military-industrial complex produces a signifi cant part of civil production. DIC integration with civilian industries – it is also a technological basis for solving the basic problems currently facing the Russian economy, and, above all, the basis of the formation of a new technological basis for the development of high technology and competitive products, which determines the pace of scientifi c and technological progress and the growth of the national economy. Objectives. The aim of the paper is the

  11. EDITORIAL: Special issue featuring articles arising from the 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference Special issue featuring articles arising from the 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruggeman, Peter; Degrez, Gérard; Delplancke, Marie-Paule; Gleizes, Alain

    2011-05-01

    The 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP) was held in Brussels, Belgium, 27 June-2 July, 2010. HTPP started as a thermal plasma conference and gradually expanded to include low-temperature plasmas. The conference was founded by Jacques Amouroux and Pierre Fauchais, and aims to bring together different scientific communities to facilitate contacts between science, technology and industry, providing a platform for the exploration of elementary processes and applications in and by plasmas. The first HTPP was held in Odeillo, France, in 1990. Since then it has been held every other year in different European cities: Paris, Aachen, Athens, Strasbourg, Saint-Petersburg, Patras and Brussels. The 11th HTPP conference was attended by 125 participants from 19 countries. The program involved 14 invited talks, 34 contributed talks, 72 posters and a software demonstration and hands-on session for plasma modelling. The 12th HTPP conference will be held 24-28 June 2012, in Bologna, Italy. A larger part of the contributions to the 11th HTPP has been published in the Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS) volume 275, 2011. All invited speakers and other contributors, as selected by the Steering, Scientific and Organizing Committee, were invited to submit a paper based on their contributions for this special issue which is peer reviewed by the journal. Both this special issue and the JPCS volume aim to bring the 11th HTPP to a wider audience. The publications are a nice example of the broad topic range of the conference. The JPCS volume contains papers covering fundamental aspects on radiative processes of thermal plasmas, modelling of thermal arcs and non-thermal RF plasma jets, plasma diagnostics including flow and heat flux measurements of thermal plasmas, radical density measurements and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. The applications-oriented contributions of the JPCS volume include plasma spraying, synthesis of (nano-sized) materials, surface

  12. New Vistas Open with MIDI at the VLT Interferometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-12-01

    ) (Nice, France) The first observations with MIDI will now be followed up by thorough tests of the new instrument before it enters into regular service. It is planned that the first community observations will be performed at the VLTI in mid-2003. Great efforts have gone into making observations with this complex science machine as user-friendly as possible and, contrary to what is normally the case in this technically demanding branch of astronomy, scientists will find interferometric work at the VLTI quite similar to that of using the many other, more conventional VLT instruments. PR Photo 30a/02: MIDI " First Fringes " of eta Carinae. PR Photo 30b/02: The happy team at the moment of "First Fringes". PR Photo 30c/02: MIDI in the Interferometric Laboratory at Paranal. PR Video Clip 03/02: Optical path scan with "First Fringes" appearing on the computer screen. A wonderful moment ESO PR Video Clip 03/02 [384x288 pix MPEG-version] ESO PR Video Clip 03/02 (480 frames/0:19 min) [MPEG; 384x288 pix; 6.6M] [RealMedia; streaming; 56kps] [RealMedia; streaming; 200kps] Another vital step has been accomplished as planned towards full operation of the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) and the associated VLT Interferometer (VLTI) at the Paranal Observatory in Chile, one of the world's foremost astronomical facilities. Indeed, plans had been made more than one year ago for this milestone event to take place at the end of 2002. In the early morning of December 15, 2002, at 02:45 local time (05:45 UT), a team of astronomers and engineers from Germany, Netherlands, France and ESO celebrated the first successful combination of mid-infrared "light" beams from ANTU and MELIPAL, two of the four 8.2-m VLT Unit Telescopes . This special moment, referred to as the "First Fringes" , occurred when infrared radiation at a wavelength of 8.7 µm from the bright star eta Carinae was captured simultaneously by the two telescopes (situated 102 metres apart) and then directed via a complex optics system

  13. First light of the ESO Laser Guide Star Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonaccini Calia, D.; Allaert, E.; Alvarez, J. L.; Araujo Hauck, C.; Avila, G.; Bendek, E.; Buzzoni, B.; Comin, M.; Cullum, M.; Davies, R.; Dimmler, M.; Guidolin, I.; Hackenberg, W.; Hippler, S.; Kellner, S.; van Kesteren, A.; Koch, F.; Neumann, U.; Ott, T.; Popovic, D.; Pedichini, F.; Quattri, M.; Quentin, J.; Rabien, S.; Silber, A.; Tapia, M.

    2006-06-01

    Two teams of scientists and engineers at Max Planck Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik and at the European Southern Observatory have joined forces to design, build and install the Laser Guide Star Facility for the VLT. The Laser Guide Star Facility has now been completed and installed on the VLT Yepun telescope at Cerro Paranal. In this paper we report on the first light and first results from the Commissioning of the LGSF.

  14. Sharpest Ever VLT Images at NAOS-CONICA "First Light"

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Very Promising Start-Up of New Adaptive Optics Instrument at Paranal Summary A team of astronomers and engineers from French and German research institutes and ESO at the Paranal Observatory is celebrating the successful accomplishment of "First Light" for the NAOS-CONICA Adaptive Optics facility . With this event, another important milestone for the Very Large Telescope (VLT) project has been passed. Normally, the achievable image sharpness of a ground-based telescope is limited by the effect of atmospheric turbulence. However, with the Adaptive Optics (AO) technique, this drawback can be overcome and the telescope produces images that are at the theoretical limit, i.e., as sharp as if it were in space . Adaptive Optics works by means of a computer-controlled, flexible mirror that counteracts the image distortion induced by atmospheric turbulence in real time. The larger the main mirror of the telescope is, and the shorter the wavelength of the observed light, the sharper will be the images recorded. During a preceding four-week period of hard and concentrated work, the expert team assembled and installed this major astronomical instrument at the 8.2-m VLT YEPUN Unit Telescope (UT4). On November 25, 2001, following careful adjustments of this complex apparatus, a steady stream of photons from a southern star bounced off the computer-controlled deformable mirror inside NAOS and proceeded to form in CONICA the sharpest image produced so far by one of the VLT telescopes. With a core angular diameter of only 0.07 arcsec, this image is near the theoretical limit possible for a telescope of this size and at the infrared wavelength used for this demonstration (the K-band at 2.2 µm). Subsequent tests reached the spectacular performance of 0.04 arcsec in the J-band (wavelength 1.2 µm). "I am proud of this impressive achievement", says ESO Director General Catherine Cesarsky. "It shows the true potential of European science and technology and it provides a fine

  15. A Patent Collaborative Management Model Between High-Tech Enterprises%高新技术企业间专利协同管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支丽平; 王恒山

    2012-01-01

    多Agent技术是分布式人工智能及计算机科学领域的研究热点,将此技术应用于高新技术企业间的专利协同管理,给出该模式的系统架构、主要内容以及各类Agent间的消息通信机制,并引入全局管理Agent和调解Agent,使各类Agent进行合作,以实现全局性的协同目标。最后对海尔集团进行了实证研究,结果表明,该模式可以应用于我国家电行业高新技术企业,同时也期望能够为其他行业高新技术企业间实现专利协同管理提供可借鉴的技术理论。%Multi-agent technology is the hot spot of distributed artificial intelligence and computer science domain, this article attempts to apply it into the patent collaborative management between high-tech enterprises. The model of the system architecture is proposed, and the main content of which is also provided, then this paper gives the message communication mechanism between various types of agents, and introduces global management agent and mediate agent so that all kinds of agents can cooperate to achieve global cooperative target. Specifically, this pa- per takes the Haier group as an empirical study, the result shows that the model can be applied to China's high-tech enterprises in the household electrical appliance industry, which also provides a reference technical theo- ry for other types of high-tech enterprises.

  16. Development Model of Leading High-tech Sectors%突破带动型高新技术产业的发展模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞; 陈劲

    2013-01-01

      突破带动型高新技术产业的最鲜明特征是对经济增长有突破带动性作用,对一国经济发展和创新能力建设具有关键作用。本文在突破带动型高科技产业结构特征分析基础上,结合典型高科技产业的发展案例,归纳总结出该类产业的发展模式,即链条式、关联式、集群式、融合式等四种模式。同时,从产业创新体系的视角对这些不同的发展模式进行了讨论分析,对我国突破带动型高科技产业发展提供了一些有益启示。%The leading high-tech sectors play a stimulative role in the economic development, and are the key to the national progress and national innovation. Based on the analysis of construction character of these sectors, this paper summarizes the four types of development models with the case study of high-tech sectors:chain, correlation, cluster, fusion. Then we discuss these different models from the perspective of sector innovation and hope to give some good suggestions for the development of leading high-tech sectors.

  17. The Effect of Financial Factors on the Performance of New Venture Companies in High Tech and Knowledge-Intensive Industries: An Empirical Study in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøllingtoft, Anne; Ulhøi, John Parm; Madsen, Henning

    2003-01-01

    This paper addresses important financial aspects during the formation of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship. A number of ex ante derived hypotheses are submitted to an empirical test to identify and explain some of the key financial factors affecting the survival and first preliminary growth...... of new ventures in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors. The paper builds in part upon existing literature on venture capital, theory on risk and trust. The results document that high variation on several dimensions can be found across the two sectors investigated (IT and life sciences)....

  18. MOONS: A New Powerful Multi-Object Spectrograph for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirasuolo, M.; MOONS Consortium

    2016-10-01

    MOONS (the Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph) is a third-generation instrument for the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT). The large collecting area offered by the VLT (8.2 m diameter), combined with the large multiplex and wavelength coverage (optical to near-IR: 0.64 μm - 1.8 μm) of MOONS will provide the European astronomical community with a powerful, unique instrument able to pioneer a wide range of Galactic, Extragalactic and Cosmological studies, and the crucial follow-up for major facilities such as Gaia, VISTA, Euclid and LSST. MOONS has the observational power needed to unveil galaxy formation and evolution over the entire history of the Universe, from stars in our Milky Way, through the redshift desert, and up to the epoch of the very first galaxies and reionization of the Universe at redshifts of z > 8-9, just a few million years after the Big Bang. From five years of observations MOONS will provide high-quality spectra for >3 M stars in our Galaxy and the Local Group, and for 1-2 M galaxies at z >1 (for an SDSS-like survey), promising to revolutionize our understanding of the Universe. The baseline design consists of 1024 fibers, deployable over a field-of-view of ˜500 sq. arcmin, the largest patrol field offered by the Nasmyth focus at the VLT. The total wavelength coverage is 0.64 μm - 1.8 μm with two spectral resolving power settings: in the medium-resolution mode (R˜4,000-6,000) the entire wavelength range is observed simultaneously, while the high-resolution mode will cover simultaneously selected sub-regions: one region with R˜9,000 near the Ca II triplet to measure stellar radial velocities, and part of the H-band at R˜20,000 for precision measurements of chemical abundances.

  19. VLT/VLTI Second-Generation Instrumentation: Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmozzi, R.; Pasquini, L.; Russell, A.

    2016-12-01

    The five second-generation instruments already delivered for the Very Large Telescope (VLT) represent worthy successors to the first generation of instrumentation development. Despite this success, it is still possible to learn many lessons for the future. A review, preceded by a workshop, on the lessons learned from the second-generation instrumentation for the VLT and VLT Interferometer took place in November 2015, following a previous review twelve years ago on lessons learned from the first-generation instruments. The aim of the workshop was to identify lessons in order to help define/refine good practice and make recommendations for the future. This article briefly reports on the workshop and summarises the findings of the review panel, their recommendations and some of the steps to implement them.

  20. The 8.2 metre primary mirrors of the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dierickx, P.; Enard, D.; Merkle, F.; Noethe, L.; Wilson, R. N.

    1990-08-01

    The Very Large Telescope (VLT) presently being developed at ESO is described in terms of technological advances which make its use both technically effective and feasible. The VLT capitalizes on advances in materials, polishing techniques, and mirror support systems. The VLT consists of four 8-m alt-az telescopes and a 2-m auxiliary telescope in a single-dish configuration with Zerodur meniscus mirrors passively supported on a lateral system. A discussion of the tradeoffs between glass and metal mirrors is presented, and computerized polishing is described in relation to optical specifications. The mirror is supported with 150 axial and 60 lateral supports with electromechanical actuators to modulate applied force. The active optics concept is employed via the flexibility of the primary mirror, which generates elastomechanical deformations and the position and orientation of the secondary mirror.

  1. Research on the Cost Management of High-Tech Enterprises%高新技术企业成本管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊华

    2011-01-01

    研究了高新技术企业的理论基础,并分析了高新技术企业全流程成本管理(各流程成本具有关联性,上游成本对下游成本具有放大性)、双向控制成本扩张管理(加法评价法和减法评价法)、冰山理论的非财务收益成本管理、产品生命周期成本管理和战略管理,提出了适宜于高新技术企业的战略成本管理和ABC-EVA集成成本系统管理的措施。%This paper studies the basic theory of high-tech enterprise,and analyzes the whole flow of high-tech enterprise cost management,two-way control expansion cost management,the iceberg theory cost management,life cycle of product cost management and strategic management.Finally,this paper proposes approaches to establish the strategic cost management and ABC-EVA integrated cost system management for high and new technology enterprise.

  2. 高新技术企业交通影响分析方法研究%Research on traffic impact analysis of high-tech enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晶

    2012-01-01

    以杭州市滨江区英飞特电子半导体产业化基地项目为例,探讨了高新技术企业交通影响分析方法,分别阐述了静态交通评价和动态交通评价的具体项目及其评价指标,得出了该项目建设对周边道路网的影响情况,并确定相应的交通改善措施,对今后同类高新技术企业用地的开发建设具有参考意义。%Taking the LED ONE electric semiconductor industry base program at Binjiang district of Hangzhou as the example, the paper ex- plores the traffic impact analysis method of the high-tech enterprises, illustrates the factual indexes and evaluation of the static traffic evaluation and the dynamic traffic evaluation, concludes the influence of the project on the surrounding road network, and identifies the respective traffic improvement measures, so as to provide the reference for the development and construction of the similar high-tech enterprises.

  3. The research on leadership of line manager in high tech enterprise%高科技企业一线经理领导力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓会勇; 葛新权

    2016-01-01

    高科技企业经理的领导力水平直接影响着员工的积极性与创新性。作为员工直接主管的一线经理,其领导力对于激发员工的积极性和主动性、最大限度地发挥人力资源的潜能至关重要。通过对高科技企业一线经理领导情景的分析,提出了一线经理领导力的核心要素,并探讨了培育和提升领导力的具体措施。%The leadership of manager in High-tech enterprise directly affects the staff's enthusiasm and innovation. As an employee's immediate supervisor, the leadership of line managers plays a significant role in stimulating employee’s enthusiasm and initiative, which is also essential to maximize the potential of human resources. Therefore, based on the analysis of high-tech for the business line manager leadership scenarios, this paper proposed core elements of leadership line managers, and discusses the nurture and enhance the leadership of specific measures.

  4. The Empirical Study on Capital Structure of High-tech Manufacturing%我国高新制造业上市公司的资本结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余思佳

    2016-01-01

    The study taking 70 listed companies as samples to analyze the capital structure of aHigh -tech man‐ufacturing .The study knows the funds mostly comes from the country's fiscal subside in High -tech manufactur‐ing .The capital structure is unreasonable .The study put forward some suggestions to improve this situation :First of all ,to expand the industry financing channels ,financing diversification ;Second ,improve industry debt struc‐ture ,improve corporate profitability ;Third ,establish and perfect the capital market.%文章以70家A股主板上市的高新制造业企业数据样本为基础,分析高新制造业行业资本结构。研究发现,高新制造业企业资金多源于国家财政补贴,且流动负债水平偏高,其资本结构仍有较大优化空间,应拓宽行业企业融资渠道,实现融资多样化;改善行业负债结构,提高企业盈利能力;建立健全资本市场机制。

  5. Applications of Tunable Imaging Filters for the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, H

    2001-01-01

    Tunable imaging filters have been used for a variety of science programmes on the Anglo-Australian and William Herschel Telescopes during the last five years. This contribution describes these novel devices and reviews the science (both Galactic and extragalactic) done with them. Possible strategies for implementing a tunable filter at the VLT are also discussed. Significant scientific potential exists for a tunable filter on the VLT, particularly in the years before such capability becomes available on 8 -- 10 m-class telescopes elsewhere.

  6. 高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展关系实证研究——基于中国1997年-2009年省际面板数据%An Empirical Study of the Relationship between High-Tech Industries' R&D Resource Input and High-Tech Industry Development Based on Provincial Panel Data of China during the Period 1997-2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 张俊飚; 徐卫涛; 李树明; 赵可

    2011-01-01

    本文利用我国1997年-2009年的面板数据,采取面板单位根检验、协整分析、误差修正模型等计量方法,探讨了高技术产业R&D资源投入与高技术产业发展间的关系。实证结果显示:①高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展存在长期均衡关系,其中产业研发经费支出与产业发展具有正向长期均衡关系,产业专利申请数与高技术产业发展具有反向长期均衡关系,而研发人员数量投入与产业发展之间的关系尚不明显;②高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展的长期均衡存在短期修正效应,具体来讲,产业研发经费支出及研发人员投入变量与高技术产业发展的长期均衡存在短期修正效应,而产业专利申请数变量与高技术产业发展的长期均衡不存在短期修正效应。加大创新人才培养和知识产权保护力度、推进技术成果转化吸收、增加高技术产业研发经费投入是保持高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展良性互动的有效途径。%The development status of the high-tech industry represents national innovation ability; related studies are therefore of importance. On the basis of literature review, provincial panel data of China during the period 1997-2009 were used to explore the relationship between the high-tech industries' R&D resource input and status of high-tech industry development. A range of measurement techniques were utilized, including the stationary test of panel data (e.g., LLC, IPS, ADF-Fisher, PP-Fisher test) and panel data cointegration analysis (e.g., Pedroni, Kao-ADF, and Fisher test), panel data FMOLS regression analysis, and a panel data error correction model. Results show that there exists a co-integration relationship between the high-tech industries' R&D resource input and high-tech industry development, which can also be referred to as a long-term equilibrium relationship. Specifically, the high-tech

  7. Probing unexplored territories with MUSE: a second generation instrument for the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Bacon, R; Böhm, P; Boudon, D; Brau-Nogue, S; Caillier, P; Capoani, L; Carollo, C M; Champavert, N; Contini, T; Daguise, E; Dalle, D; Delabre, B; Devriendt, J; Dreizler, S; Du Bois, J; Dupieux, M; Dupin, J P; Emsellem, E; Ferruit, P; Franx, M; Gallou, G; Gerssen, J; Guiderdoni, B; Hahn, T; Hofmann, D; Jarno, A; Kelz, A; Köhler, C; Kollatschny, W; Kosmalski, J; Laurent, F; Lilly, S J; Lizon, J; Loupias, M; Lynn, S; Manescau, A; McDermid, R M; Monstein, C; Nicklas, H; Pares, L; Pasquini, L; Pecontal-Rousset, A; Pécontal, E; Pellò, R; Petit, C; Picat, J P; Popow, E; Quirrenbach, Andreas G; Reiss, R; Renault, E; Roth, M; Schaye, J; Soucail, G; Steinmetz, M; Stroebele, S; Stuik, R; Weilbacher, P; Wozniak, H; De Zeeuw, P T

    2006-01-01

    The Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) is a second-generation VLT panoramic integral-field spectrograph under preliminary design study. MUSE has a field of 1x1 arcmin**2 sampled at 0.2x0.2 arcsec**2 and is assisted by the VLT ground layer adaptive optics ESO facility using four laser guide stars. The simultaneous spectral range is 465-930 nm, at a resolution of R~3000. MUSE couples the discovery potential of a large imaging device to the measuring capabilities of a high-quality spectrograph, while taking advantage of the increased spatial resolution provided by adaptive optics. This makes MUSE a unique and tremendously powerful instrument for discovering and characterizing objects that lie beyond the reach of even the deepest imaging surveys. MUSE has also a high spatial resolution mode with 7.5x7.5 arcsec**2 field of view sampled at 25 milli-arcsec. In this mode MUSE should be able to obtain diffraction limited data-cubes in the 600-930 nm wavelength range. Although the MUSE design has been optimized f...

  8. VLT Captures First Direct Spectrum of an Exoplanet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    eclipse", and then the spectrum could be extracted by comparing the light of the star before and after. However, this method can only be applied if the orientation of the exoplanet's orbit is exactly right, which is true for only a small fraction of all exoplanetary systems. The present spectrum, on the other hand, was obtained from the ground, using ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT), in direct observations that do not depend on the orbit's orientation. As the host star is several thousand times brighter than the planet, this is a remarkable achievement. "It's like trying to see what a candle is made of, by observing it from a distance of two kilometres when it's next to a blindingly bright 300 Watt lamp," says Janson. The discovery was made possible by the infrared instrument NACO, mounted on the VLT, and relied heavily on the extraordinary capabilities of the instrument's adaptive optics system [3]. Even more precise images and spectra of giant exoplanets are expected both from the next generation instrument SPHERE, to be installed on the VLT in 2011, and from the European Extremely Large Telescope. The newly collected data show that the atmosphere enclosing the planet is still poorly understood. "The features observed in the spectrum are not compatible with current theoretical models," explains co-author Wolfgang Brandner. "We need to take into account a more detailed description of the atmospheric dust clouds, or accept that the atmosphere has a different chemical composition from that previously assumed." The astronomers hope to soon get their hands on the fingerprints of the other two giant planets so they can compare, for the first time, the spectra of three planets belonging to the same system. "This will surely shed new light on the processes that lead to the formation of planetary systems like our own," concludes Janson. Notes [1] As every rainbow demonstrates, white light can be split up into different colours. Astronomers artificially split up the light they

  9. SPHERE: A Planet Finder Instrument for the VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beuzit, J.L.; Feldt, M.; Dohlen, K.; Mouillet, D.; Puget, P.; Antichi, J.; Baudoz, P.; Boccaletti, A.; Carbillet, M.; Charton, J.; Claudi, R.; Fusco, T.; Gratton, R.; Henning, T.; Hubin, N.; Joos, F.; Kasper, M.; Langlois, M.; Moutou, C.; Pragt, J.; Rabou, P.; Saisse, M.; Schmid, H.M.; Turatto, M.; Udry, S.; Vakili, F.; Waters, R.; Wildi, F.

    2007-01-01

    Direct detection and spectral characterization of extra-solar planets is one of the most exciting but also one of the most challenging areas in modern astronomy. For its second generation instrumentation on the VLT, ESO has supported two phase A studies for a so-called Planet Finder dedicated instru

  10. The design of the MOONS-VLT spectrometer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliva, E.; Diolaiti, E.; Garilli, B.; Gratton, R.; Lorenzetti, D.; Schipani, P.; Scuderi, S.; Vanzella, E.; Cirasuolo, M.; Afonso, J.; Bender, R.; Bonifacio, P.; Kaper, L.; Vanzi, L.; Baffa, C.; Bianco, A.; Bonoli, C.; Bortoletto, F.; Bruno, P.; Carbonaro, L.; Centrone, M.; Cresci, G.; De Caprio, V.; Del Vecchio, C.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Di Paola, A.; D'Alessio, F.; D'Alessandro, M.; D'Orsi, S.; Falcini, G.; Ferruzzi, D.; Fontana, A.; Foppiani, I.; Fumana, M.; Giani, E.; Leone, F.; Li Causi, G.; Lombini, M.; Maiolino, R.; Mannucci, F.; Marty, L.; Miglietta, L.; Munari, M.; Navarro, R.; Origlia, L.; Paioro, L.; Pedichini, F.; Pragt, J.; Randich, S.; Scodeggio, M.; Spano, P.; Speziali, R.; Stuik, R.; Tozzi, A.; Vitali, F.

    2012-01-01

    MOONS is a new conceptual design for a multi-object spectrograph for the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) which will provide the ESO astronomical community with a powerful, unique instrument able to serve a wide range of Galactic, Extragalactic and Cosmological studies. The instrument foresees 1000

  11. The science case of the CHEOPS planet finder for VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gratton, R.; Feldt, M.; Schmid, H.M.; Brandner, W.; Hippler, S.; Neuhauser, R.; Quirrenbach, A.; Desidera, S.; Turatto, M.; Stam, D.M.; Hasinger, G.; Turner, M.J.L.

    2004-01-01

    The CHEOPS Planet Finder is one of the proposed second generation instruments for the VLT. Its purpose is to image and characterize giant extrasolar planets in different phases of their evolution: young, warm planets as well as old, cold ones. Imaging the last ones is the most challenging task becau

  12. The design of the MOONS-VLT spectrometer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliva, E.; Diolaiti, E.; Garilli, B.; Gratton, R.; Lorenzetti, D.; Schipani, P.; Scuderi, S.; Vanzella, E.; Cirasuolo, M.; Afonso, J.; Bender, R.; Bonifacio, P.; Kaper, L.; Vanzi, L.; Baffa, C.; Bianco, A.; Bonoli, C.; Bortoletto, F.; Bruno, P.; Carbonaro, L.; Centrone, M.; Cresci, G.; De Caprio, V.; Del Vecchio, C.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Di Paola, A.; D'Alessio, F.; D'Alessandro, M.; D'Orsi, S.; Falcini, G.; Ferruzzi, D.; Fontana, A.; Foppiani, I.; Fumana, M.; Giani, E.; Leone, F.; Li Causi, G.; Lombini, M.; Maiolino, R.; Mannucci, F.; Marty, L.; Miglietta, L.; Munari, M.; Navarro, R.; Origlia, L.; Paioro, L.; Pedichini, F.; Pragt, J.; Randich, S.; Scodeggio, M.; Spano, P.; Speziali, R.; Stuik, R.; Tozzi, A.; Vitali, F.

    2012-01-01

    MOONS is a new conceptual design for a multi-object spectrograph for the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) which will provide the ESO astronomical community with a powerful, unique instrument able to serve a wide range of Galactic, Extragalactic and Cosmological studies. The instrument foresees 1000 fi

  13. VLT imaging of the β Pictoris gas disk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, R.; Brandeker, A.; Olofsson, G.; Fathi, K.; Thébault, Ph.; Liseau, R.

    2012-08-01

    Context. Circumstellar debris disks older than a few Myr should be largely devoid of primordial gas remaining from the protoplanetary disk phase. Tracing the origin of observed atomic gas in Keplerian rotation in the edge-on debris disk surrounding the ~12 Myr old star β Pictoris requires more detailed information about its spatial distribution than has previously been acquired by limited slit spectroscopy. Especially indications of asymmetries and presence of Ca ii gas at high disk latitudes call for additional investigation to exclude or confirm its connection to observed dust structures or suggested cometary bodies on inclined eccentric orbits. Aims: We set out to recover a complete image of the Fe i and Ca ii gas emission around β Pic by spatially resolved, high-resolution spectroscopic observations to better understand the morphology and origin of the gaseous disk component. Methods: The multiple fiber facility FLAMES/GIRAFFE at the Very Large Telescope (VLT), with the large integral-field-unit ARGUS, was used to obtain spatially resolved optical spectra (from 385.9 to 404.8 nm) in four regions covering the northeast and southwest side of the disk. Emission lines from Fe i (at 386.0 nm) and Ca ii (at 393.4 and 396.8 nm) were mapped and could be used to fit a parametric function for the disk gas distribution, using a gas-ionisation code for gas-poor debris disks. Results: Both Fe i and Ca ii emission are clearly detected, with the former dominating along the disk midplane, and the latter revealing vertically more extended gas. The surface intensity of the Fe i emission is lower but more extended in the northeast (reaching the 210 AU limit of our observations) than in the southwest, while Ca ii shows the opposite asymmetry. The modelled Fe gas disk profile shows a linear increase in scale height with radius, and a vertical profile that suggests dynamical interaction with the dust. We also qualitatively demonstrate that the Ca ii emission profile can be

  14. Comparative Study of Foreign and Domestic High-tech Industry 's Wage Gap%内外资高技术产业工薪差距的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2015-01-01

    通过对内外资高技术产业1998-2008年工薪差距的实证研究, 得出资本密集度、 出口密度、 研发密度等对内外资高技术产业工薪差距均存在显著影响, 并且分析计量结果得出, 内资高技术产业更具有发展潜力.%Through domestic and foreign high-tech industry from 1998 to 2008 year's data , empirical research results that output scale, capital-intensive, export-density are significantly affect the development of foreign high-tech industry wage gap, and analysis of measurement results obtained out of domestic high-tech industry has more potential for development.

  15. Perception of Export Barriers in a High-Tech Sector in a Less Developed Country: The Case of ICT SMEs in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Richardson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates which export barriers are most pressing to small and medium sized enterprises (SME in a high-tech sector in a developing-country. It also examines whether exporters and non-exporters perceive different export barriers as being more pressing to their export development/initiation. The unit of analysis is SMEs in Malaysia’s information and communications technology (ICT sector. The findings suggest that the high cost of exporting is the most severe problem facing firms in the sample, with cultural differences posing the least important obstacle. Furthermore, with just two exceptions, there are no statistically significant differences in the perceptions of export barriers between exporting and non-exporting firms.

  16. An Empirical Study of the Relationship Between Total Quality Management Activities and Business Operational Performance among Taiwan`s High-Tech Manufacturers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yi-Chan; Hsu, Yau-Wen; Chen, Ching-Piao; Tsai, Chih-Hung

    This research studies the impact of critical success factors of Total Quality Management (TQM) activities implementation and the impact of TQM activities implementation on business operational performance. The two intermediate variables, industry group and enterprise scale are considered. Through literature review, this research developed a theoretical model of the factors influencing the relations. The empirical analysis results on Taiwan`s high-tech firms in the Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial Park show that the degree of executive involvement in TQM success factors revealed significant influence on the degree of TQM activities execution. Furthermore, the research hypothesis the degree of executive involvement in TQM activities revealed significant influence on business operational performance was statistically tested and proven in this research. The two intermediate variables, industry group and enterprise scale do not show noticeable impact on TQM activities implementation and business operational performance.

  17. P & T Committee response to evolving technologies: preparing for the launch of high-tech, high-cost products. Roundtable discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, J L; Wordell, C J; Nash, D; Johnson, N E; Gottlieb, J E

    1992-04-01

    P & T Committees are entering an exciting era in which the introduction of biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals is providing life-saving opportunities for conditions for which there was little or no hope for a cure. The P & T Committee at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital has anticipated the challenge that these novel therapeutics present, and has already positioned itself for the pending approval of the first therapeutic human monoclonal antibody. Nebacumab (HA-1A, formerly known as Centoxin; by Centocor) will be used for the treatment of gram-negative sepsis. Although this antiendotoxin has a good side effect profile, its use also carries a high price tag. This will raise several difficult ethical issues once the product is introduced. In this exclusive Hospital Formulary roundtable, members of Thomas Jefferson's P & T Committee and Technology Assessment Subcommittee provide their insights for responsibly managing a high-tech, high-cost product such as nebacumab.

  18. Measuring Innovation Performance of Chinese High-tech Industries%我国高技术产业技术创新效率的测度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官建成; 陈凯华

    2009-01-01

    本文综合运用数据包络分析的松弛测度模型和临界效率测度模型,对中国高技术产业技术创新活动的技术效率、纯技术效率、规模效率、规模状态进行了测度.研究表明,虽然中国高技术产业纯技术效率在逐年改善,但规模效益较差,规模效率逐年削弱,且生产规模处于最优状态的份额仅占考察状态的38%.研究还发现,无效高技术产业技术改造经费投入冗余较为严重,多数无效高技术产业在新产品出口和专利产出上存在较大的潜在产出不足.%The paper measures the performances of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency, scale status in virtue of the slack-based meas- ure and the critical efficiency measure in data envelopment analysis (DEA) .The measurement results show that although the pure technical efficiency is improving year by year, the scale economy is poor and the scale effect is gradually weakening, along with the fact that the states with optimal productive scale only share 38 % of all inspected states.At the same time, the analysis results also show that the sur- plus degree of inputs of technological renovation into innovation activities of inefficient high-tech industries is serious, and there is heavy shortage of potential outputs in the products export and inventive patents for most of inefficient high-tech industries.

  19. NIX, the imager for ERIS: the AO instrument for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, David; Taylor, William; Davies, Ric; MacIntosh, Mike; Henry, David; Lunney, David; Waring, Chris; Gao, Xiaofeng; Lightfoot, John; Glauser, Adrian M.; Quanz, Sascha P.; Meyer, Michael R.; Schmid, Hans Martin; March, Stephen; Bachmann, Walter; Feuchtgruber, Helmut; George, Elizabeth; Sturm, Eckhard; Biller, Beth; Hinckley, Sasha; Kenworthy, Matthew; Amico, Paola; Glindemann, Andreas; Kasper, Marcus; Kuntschner, Harald; Dorn, Reinhold; Egner, Sebastian

    2016-08-01

    ERIS will be the next-generation AO facility on the VLT, combining the heritage of NACO imaging, with the spectroscopic capabilities of an upgraded SINFONI. Here we report on the all-new NIX imager that will deliver diffraction-limited imaging from the J to M band. The instrument will be equipped with both Apodizing Phase Plates and Sparse Aperture Masks to provide high-angular resolution imagery, especially suited for exoplanet imaging and characterization. This paper provides detail on the instrument's design and how it is suited to address a broad range of science cases, from detailed studies of the galactic centre at the highest resolutions, to studying detailed resolved stellar populations.

  20. 中小企业技术创新对成长性影响——科技型企业不同于非科技型企业?%Impact of tech - innovation on growth : are high - tech SMEs different from non - high - tech SMEs?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓红; 马鸿烈

    2012-01-01

    Tech innovation has important meaning on the growth of high - tech and non - high - tech SMEs, based on 437 Chinese lis- ted SMEs, this paper initial build tech - innovation model to these two types of enterprise respectively, and analyze impact of their tech - innovation on growth. Result shows that greater R&D intensity, better enterprise tech - innovation environment, more patent number and greater human resource input, the better of SMEs tech - innovation ability; for high - teeh SMEs, relationship between tech - inno- vation and growth is linear, while for non - high - tech SMEs, the relevance is not obvious, for this situation, combining practical con- dition, this paper provide advice for SMEs development.%技术创新对科技型和非科技型中小企业成长性的作用具有一定重要意义,基于414家中小上市公司数据,本文首次针对两类企业分别构建了技术创新模型,分析技术创新对二者成长性的影响。结果表明:研发投人程度越大,企业创新环境越好,专利数量越多,人力资源的投入强度越大的中小企业技术创新能力越强;对于科技型中小企业,其技术创新与成长性呈显著正相关关系,而非科技型中小企业其相关性不明显,针对该情况,本文结合实际现状对中小企业的发展提出了建议。

  1. Image quality and high contrast improvements on VLT/NACO

    CERN Document Server

    Girard, Julien H V; Mawet, Dimitri; Kasper, Markus; Zins, Gérard; Neichel, Benoît; Kolb, Johann; Christiaens, Valentin; Tourneboeuf, Martin; 10.1117/12.925660

    2012-01-01

    NACO is the famous and versatile diffraction limited NIR imager and spectrograph with which ESO celebrated 10 years of Adaptive Optics at the VLT. Since two years a substantial effort has been put in to understanding and fixing issues that directly affect the image quality and the high contrast performances of the instrument. Experiments to compensate the non-common-path aberrations and recover the highest possible Strehl ratios have been carried out successfully and a plan is hereafter described to perform such measurements regularly. The drift associated to pupil tracking since 2007 was fixed in October 2011. NACO is therefore even better suited for high contrast imaging and can be used with coronagraphic masks in the image plane. Some contrast measurements are shown and discussed. The work accomplished on NACO will serve as reference for the next generation instruments on the VLT, especially those working at the diffraction limit and making use of angular differential imaging (i.e. SPHERE, VISIR, possibly ...

  2. New BVRI photometry results on KBOs from the ESO VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Santos-Sanz, P; Barrera, L; Boehnhardt, H

    2008-01-01

    Photometric surveys of transNeptunian objects (TNOs) and Centaurs have suggested possible correlations between some orbital parameters and surface colors of classical objects, scattered disk objects (SDOs), and Centaurs. However, larger sample sizes are needed in order to corroborate or rule out the possible correlations and find some possible new ones. We use VLT-FORS images through BVRI filters of 32 Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) and obtain their colors after proper reduction and calibration. We study the possible correlations merging these new measurements with the VLT published results from the ESO large program and with the latest published results of the Meudon Multicolor Survey via non-parametric statistical tests. We obtain a large dataset of 116 objects (classical, SDOs and Centaurs) and, in addition to confirming most of the correlations and conclusions reached in the literature, some possible new correlations are found. The most interesting ones are some correlations of color vs. orbital parameters fo...

  3. Next VLT Instrument Ready for the Astronomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-02-01

    FORS2 Commissioning Period Successfully Terminated The commissioning of the FORS2 multi-mode astronomical instrument at KUEYEN , the second FOcal Reducer/low dispersion Spectrograph at the ESO Very Large Telescope, was successfully finished today. This important work - that may be likened with the test driving of a new car model - took place during two periods, from October 22 to November 21, 1999, and January 22 to February 8, 2000. The overall goal was to thoroughly test the functioning of the new instrument, its conformity to specifications and to optimize its operation at the telescope. FORS2 is now ready to be handed over to the astronomers on April 1, 2000. Observing time for a six-month period until October 1 has already been allocated to a large number of research programmes. Two of the images that were obtained with FORS2 during the commissioning period are shown here. An early report about this instrument is available as ESO PR 17/99. The many modes of FORS2 The FORS Commissioning Team carried out a comprehensive test programme for all observing modes. These tests were done with "observation blocks (OBs)" that describe the set-up of the instrument and telescope for each exposure in all details, e.g., position in the sky of the object to be observed, filters, exposure time, etc.. Whenever an OB is "activated" from the control console, the corresponding observation is automatically performed. Additional information about the VLT Data Flow System is available in ESO PR 10/99. The FORS2 observing modes include direct imaging, long-slit and multi-object spectroscopy, exactly as in its twin, FORS1 at ANTU . In addition, FORS2 contains the "Mask Exchange Unit" , a motorized magazine that holds 10 masks made of thin metal plates into which the slits are cut by means of a laser. The advantage of this particular observing method is that more spectra (of more objects) can be taken with a single exposure (up to approximately 80) and that the shape of the slits can be

  4. The AVES adaptive optics spectrograph for the VLT: status report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallavicini, Roberto; Delabre, Bernard; Pasquini, Luca; Zerbi, Filippo M.; Bonanno, Giovanni; Comari, Maurizio; Conconi, Paolo; Mazzoleni, Ruben; Santin, Paolo; Damiani, Francesco; Di Marcantonio, Paolo; Franchini, Mariagrazia; Spano, Paolo; Bonifacio, P.; Catalano, Santo; Molaro, Paolo P.; Randich, S.; Rodono, Marcello

    2003-03-01

    We report on the status of AVES, the Adaptive-optics Visual Echelle Spectrograph proposed for the secondary port of the Nasmyth Adaptive Optics System (NAOS) recently installed at the VLT. AVES is an intermediate resolution (R ≍ 16,000) high-efficiency fixed- format echelle spectrograph which operates in the spectral band 500 - 1,000 nm. In addition to a high intrinsic efficiency, comparable to that of ESI at Keck II, it takes advantage of the adaptive optics correction provided by NAOS to reduce the sky and detector contribution in background-limited observations of weak sources, thus allowing a further magnitude gain with respect to comparable non-adaptive optics spectrographs. Simulations show that the instrument will be capable of reaching a magnitude V = 22.5 at S/N > 10 in two hours, two magnitudes weaker than GIRAFFE at the same resolution and 3 magnitudes weaker than the higher resolution UVES spectrograph. Imaging and coronographic functions have also been implemented in the design. We present the results of the final design study and we dicuss the technical and operational issues related to its implementation at the VLT as a visitor instrument. We also discuss the possibility of using a scaled-up non-adaptive optics version of the same design as an element of a double- or triple-arm intermediate-resolution spectrograph for the VLT. Such an option looks attractive in the context of a high-efficiency large-bandwidth (320 - 1,500 nm) spectrograph ("fast-shooter") being considered by ESO as a 2nd-generation VLT instrument.

  5. The Theory and Countermeasures of Government Fiscal Support to High -tech Development%政府财政支持高新技术发展的理论与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文庆; 卢钊; 崔惠民

    2012-01-01

    this paper begins with the quasi - public analysis of the high - tech development, then elaborates the necessity and theoreti- cal basis of the government fiscal support to high - tech industries based on the normative and production function analysis. After that, this paper further researches on the total amount and the structure of investment and financing in high - tech fields in China as well as the problems of fiscal preferential policies. Finally, the targeted policies of fiscal support to high - tech industry are recommended.%本文以高新技术的准公共性分析为切入点,分别从规范分析与生产函数模型分析角度论证高新技术产业发展中政府财政支持的必要性与理论依据,并进一步分析在高新技术领域中我国财政投融资总量与结构以及财税优惠政策等方面存在的问题,在此基础上提出财政支持高新技术发展的政策建议。

  6. An Approach of the System and Mechanism for Telecoms High-Tech Innovation%电信运营企业科技创新体制机制建设探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包建军; 金耀星

    2012-01-01

    科技创新是实现中国创造的基础,是企业发展的原动力.本文根据电信运营企业的特点,提出科技创新的主要内容,探讨电信运营企业开展科技创新的体制机制建设问题,包括机构设置、科技创新内容来源、科技创新研发决策、科技创新组织流程、科技创新成果应用等内容.%As high-tech innovation being the foundation of innovation in China, and the initiative of the development of enterprises, according to the characteristics of telecoms, the paper describes the main targets of high-tech innovation, and further explores the system and mechanism issues in telecoms for high-tech innovation, such as divisions and structure organisations, the source of high-tech innovation, R&D dicision making, the innovation processes, and the applications of the results of innovation, etc.

  7. 初创期高科技企业股权融资策略研究%Study on the equity financing strategy of high-tech enterprises in early-stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿凯平; 车汉澍; 李侃

    2012-01-01

    Capital supply is a prerequisite for development of high-tech enterprises.Equity financing is the main financing way of high-tech enterprises in early-stage.Based on the characteristics and financial needs of high-tech enterprises in early-stage,we analyze enterprises financing object,financing size,financing opportunities,financing,maintaining enterprise control power and finance risk control strategies are analyzed.Trade-off based on the maximum value of financing and financial risk,some recommendations for equity financing of Chinese high-tech enterprises in early-stage are proposed.%资金供给是高科技企业发展的先决条件,股权融资是高科技企业在初创期的主要融资途径。基于初创期高科技企业发展的特征和资金需求,分析企业融资对象、融资规模、融资时机、保持企业控制权以及融资风险控制等策略。基于融资价值最大化与融资风险的权衡,提出我国高科技企业初创期股权融资建议。

  8. Designing a common real-time controller for VLT applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauvir, Bertrand; Wallander, Anders; Duhoux, Philippe; Huxley, Alexis; Karban, Robert

    2004-09-01

    The increasing number of digital control applications in the context of the VLT, and particularly the VLT Interferometer, brought the need to find a common solution to address the problems of performance and maintainability. Tools for Advanced Control (TAC) aims at helping both control and software engineers in the design and prototyping of real-time control applications by providing them with a set of standard functions and an easy way to combine them to create complex control algorithms. In this paper we describe the software architecture and design of TAC, the VLT standard for digital control applications. Algorithms are described at schematic level and take the form of a set of interconnected function blocks. Periodical execution of the algorithm as well as features like runtime modification of parameters and probing of internal data are also managed by TAC, allowing the application designers to avoid spending time writing low value software code and therefore focus on application-specific concerns. We also summarize the results achieved on the first actual applications using TAC, to manage real-time control or digital signal processing algorithms, currently deployed and being commissioned at Paranal Observatory.

  9. Successful "First Light" for VLT High-Resolution Spectrograph

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-10-01

    Great Research Prospects with UVES at KUEYEN A major new astronomical instrument for the ESO Very Large Telescope at Paranal (Chile), the UVES high-resolution spectrograph, has just made its first observations of astronomical objects. The astronomers are delighted with the quality of the spectra obtained at this moment of "First Light". Although much fine-tuning still has to be done, this early success promises well for new and exciting science projects with this large European research facility. Astronomical instruments at VLT KUEYEN The second VLT 8.2-m Unit Telescope, KUEYEN ("The Moon" in the Mapuche language), is in the process of being tuned to perfection before it will be "handed" over to the astronomers on April 1, 2000. The testing of the new giant telescope has been successfully completed. The latest pointing tests were very positive and, from real performance measurements covering the entire operating range of the telescope, the overall accuracy on the sky was found to be 0.85 arcsec (the RMS-value). This is an excellent result for any telescope and implies that KUEYEN (as is already the case for ANTU) will be able to acquire its future target objects securely and efficiently, thus saving precious observing time. This work has paved the way for the installation of large astronomical instruments at its three focal positions, all prototype facilities that are capable of catching the light from even very faint and distant celestial objects. The three instruments at KUEYEN are referred to by their acronyms UVES , FORS2 and FLAMES. They are all dedicated to the investigation of the spectroscopic properties of faint stars and galaxies in the Universe. The UVES instrument The first to be installed is the Ultraviolet Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) that was built by ESO, with the collaboration of the Trieste Observatory (Italy) for the control software. Complete tests of its optical and mechanical components, as well as of its CCD detectors and of the complex

  10. 中小高新技术企业成长的制约因素及其突破路径%Constraints Factors and Path Breaking of Small and Medium High -tech Enterprises Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金花; 刘文检

    2012-01-01

    Since most high - tech has advancing features, the growth chains of high - tech enterprises show different risks. Factors restricting the growth of high - tech enterprises are: the shortage of funds, financing channels; weak continuous technological innovation capability; internal management problems; inadequate innovation of policy measures. Therefore, to accelerate the development of high - tech enterprises, we should broaden the financing channels to enhance the financing capacity of high —tech enterprises; learn from foreign experience to strengthen policy guidance of high - tech enterprises; create a good environment to improve the regional convergency of high — tech enterprises; enhance innovation capability to upgrade the high - tech enterprises competitiveness; help companies strengthen their internal management to improve the development quality and level; consummate policy mechanism and improve the statute and system of high - tech enterprises.%由于大多数高新技术具有明显的超前特点,导致在高新技术企业的成长链各环节中表现出不同的风险.制约高新技术企业成长的因素主要有,资金短缺,融资渠道不畅;技术创新持续能力不强;企业内部经营管理存在问题;政策措施创新力度不够等.为此,要通过拓宽融资渠道,增强高新技术企业的融资能力;借鉴国外经验,加强高新技术企业的政策引导;创造良好环境,提高高新技术企业的区域集聚力;加强创新能力,提升高新技术企业的竞争力;帮助企业加强内部管理,提升发展质量与水平;完善政策机制,完善高新技术企业的法规制度等,加快高新技术企业的发展.

  11. Selection of Independent Innovation Model in Chinese High -tech Industry%我国高新技术产业自主创新模式的选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠泰

    2012-01-01

    根据产业生命周期理论和世界各高新技术产业发展态势,结合我国主要高新技术产业发展的实际,当前,我国信息技术产业已进入产业演化的成熟期,生物技术产业与新能源产业是分别处于产业演化的形成期和成长期.据此,我国信息技术产业应以应用创新和集成创新模式为主,并在局部孕育新突破的领域进行原始创新;在生物技术研发和生物农业、生物医药产业加强原始创新,而在生物工业领域采取引进消化吸收再创新模式;对新能源产业,则仍以引进消化吸收再创新模式为主,并推动市场开拓、技术创新和生产营销上下游一体化发展的集成创新.%According to industry life cycle theory and high-tech industry development trend of the world, with the actual major high - tech industry development in China, the Chinese information technology industry entered maturity of the industry evolution. The biotechnology industry and new energy industry was respectively in the period of the formation and growth in the evolution of the industry. Accordingly, the Chinese information technology industry should take the application of innovation and integrated innovation model as the main base, and cany out the original innovation in the local field of the breeding new breakthrough; it must strengthen the original innovation in R&D biotechnology and bio - agriculture, bio -pharmaceutical industry, and take the pattern of the introduction, digestion, absorption to innovation again in the bio - industry field. New energy industry was the same as above. It is the integrated innovation in the integrated development of upstream and downstream that pushes forward in marketing, technology innovation and production marketing.

  12. Sino-European Transcontinental Basic and Clinical High-Tech Acupuncture Studies—Part 2: Acute Stimulation Effects on Heart Rate and Its Variability in Patients with Insomnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Litscher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This second part of a series of Sino-European high-tech acupuncture studies describes the first clinical transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in patients with insomnia. Heart rate (HR and heart rate variability (HRV measurements in 28 patients (mean age ± SD: 41.9 ± 14.6 years were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, and the data analysis was performed in Graz, Austria. Similar to the first part of the series, the electrocardiograms (ECGs were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the Shenmen point (HT7 on the left hand. HR decreased significantly (P<0.001 during and after acupuncture stimulation of the HT7 acupuncture point. Total HRV increased significantly (P<0.05 immediately after acupuncture stimulation, but there was no long-lasting effect. The values of the low-frequency (LF and high-frequency (HF band increased significantly after the stimulation compared to baseline values; however, the LF/HF ratio showed no significant changes. Together with the results of previous studies, the present results can serve as a solid basis for further development of acupressure or acupuncture stimulation equipment for complementary use in treating insomnia.

  13. Beyond and between academia and business: How Austrian biotechnology researchers describe high-tech startup companies as spaces of knowledge production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fochler, Maximilian

    2016-04-01

    Research and innovation policy has invested considerable effort in creating new institutional spaces at the interface of academia and business. High-tech startups founded by academic entrepreneurs have been central to these policy imaginaries. These companies offer researchers new possibilities beyond and between academia and larger industry. However, the field of science and technology studies has thus far shown only limited interest in understanding these companies as spaces of knowledge production. This article analyses how researchers working in small and medium-sized biotechnology companies in Vienna, Austria, describe the cultural characteristics of knowledge production in this particular institutional space. It traces how they relate these characteristics to other institutional spaces they have experienced in their research biographies, such as in academia or larger corporations. It shows that the reasons why researchers decide to work in biotechnology companies and how they organize their work are deeply influenced by their perception of deficiencies in the conditions for epistemic work in contemporary academia and, to a lesser degree, in industry.

  14. On Xi'an high-tech electronic information industrial cluster%西安高新区电子信息产业集群研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冀

    2012-01-01

    To investigate Xi'an high-tech electronic information industry,connecting with the industrial cluster theory and visiting key enterprises are necessary.It is found that those enterprises are common for the small scale,without organization in company and experiences sharing among department.It focuses on the industrial cluster theory and the current situation of the development,and gives further perfect effective measures about current problems.It suggested that the resources about government,enterprises,and the relevant departments should be effective use to formulate preferential policy,use the market rules and make industrial cluster advantage into full play,promoting regional economic development.%通过调查和研究发现西安高新区电子信息企业普遍存在规模偏小、各自为政等的现象。结合产业集群理论,提出应该有效利用政府、企业以及各相关机构资源,利用市场规律,使得西安高新区电子信息产业集群的优势得到充分发挥,促进区域经济发展。

  15. Modern information and telecommunication technologies in educational process as the element of ongoing personnel training for high-tech Russian industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matyatina, A. N.; Isaev, A. A.; Samovarschikov, Y. V.

    2017-01-01

    In the current work the issues of staffing high-tech sectors of Russian industry are considered in the context of global geopolitical instability, the comparative analysis of the age structure of domestic companies with the leading Western industrial organizations was conducted, "growth points" of human resources development were defined. For the purpose of informational and telecommunicational implementation in the educational process the analysis of normative-legal documents regulating the requirements to the electronic educational environment and distance learning technologies is presented. The basic models of distance learning technologies and remote resources as part of teaching materials are used. Taking into account the specifics and requirements of industrial enterprises a number of tools and methodology of e-learning based on the identified needs of the industrial sector were offered. The basis of the proposed model is built on one-parameter model through a three-tier learning: kindergarten - secondary - higher education (professional) where the lifecycle of parameter is a list of the industrial enterprises demands to the educational process.

  16. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE, IMPLEMENTATION OF CRM, AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN A HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.C. Chung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This paper studies the high-tech industry, probing the correlation between type of business strategy, use of information technology, type of organisational culture, implementation level of customer relationship management (CRM activities, and business performance. Results show that the better the implementation of CRM activities, the stronger and more positive is its influence on business performance. To enhance business performance, it is necessary to strengthen the differentiation strategy, the use of information technology, and the implementation of CRM activities; to integrate the characteristics of the four cultural types into the competing values framework; and to enhance the implementation under these four cultural types.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie artikel word die korrelasie tussen die tipe ondernemingstrategie, die gebruik van inligtingtegnologie, die tipe organisasiekultuur, die implementeringsvlak van kliëntverhoudingsbestuur (CRM en ondernemingsprestasie in hoë-tegnologie-ondernemings ondersoek. Die resultate toon dat beter kliëntverhoudingsbestuur ’n poisitiewe invloed het op ondernemingsprestasie. Om ondernemingsprestasie te verbeter, is dit nodig om die differensiasie strategie, die gebruik van inligtingstegnologie asook die implementering van CRM-aktiwiteite te versterk.

  17. Sino-European Transcontinental Basic and Clinical High-Tech Acupuncture Studies—Part 1: Auricular Acupuncture Increases Heart Rate Variability in Anesthetized Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin-Yan Gao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Evidence-based research concerning the effects of high-tech acupuncture on autonomic function was performed by two research teams from China and Austria. This study describes the first transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in animals. Heart rate (HR and heart rate variability (HRV recordings in 10 male Sprague-Dawley anesthetized rats were performed under stable conditions in Beijing, China, and the data analysis was completed in Graz, Austria. The electrocardiograms (ECGs were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the ear and body (PC6 Neiguan, CV12 Zhongwan, ST36 Zusanli. The data were analyzed using specially adapted novel Austrian software. HR did not change significantly during any acupuncture stimulation in anesthetized rats (ear acupuncture, PC6, CV12, or ST36. Total HRV only changed significantly (P=0.025 during auricular acupuncture (acupoint heart. The low-frequency/high-frequency ratio parameter decreased significantly (P=0.03 during stimulation of ST36. This change was based on intensification of the related mechanism of blood pressure regulation that has been demonstrated in previous studies in humans. Modernization of acupuncture research performed as a collaboration between China and Austria has also been demonstrated.

  18. Sino-European transcontinental basic and clinical high-tech acupuncture studies-part 1: auricular acupuncture increases heart rate variability in anesthetized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xin-Yan; Liu, Kun; Zhu, Bing; Litscher, Gerhard

    2012-01-01

    Evidence-based research concerning the effects of high-tech acupuncture on autonomic function was performed by two research teams from China and Austria. This study describes the first transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in animals. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) recordings in 10 male Sprague-Dawley anesthetized rats were performed under stable conditions in Beijing, China, and the data analysis was completed in Graz, Austria. The electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the ear and body (PC6 Neiguan, CV12 Zhongwan, ST36 Zusanli). The data were analyzed using specially adapted novel Austrian software. HR did not change significantly during any acupuncture stimulation in anesthetized rats (ear acupuncture, PC6, CV12, or ST36). Total HRV only changed significantly (P = 0.025) during auricular acupuncture (acupoint heart). The low-frequency/high-frequency ratio parameter decreased significantly (P = 0.03) during stimulation of ST36. This change was based on intensification of the related mechanism of blood pressure regulation that has been demonstrated in previous studies in humans. Modernization of acupuncture research performed as a collaboration between China and Austria has also been demonstrated.

  19. Empirical Study on High-tech Industries Development and Economic Growth in Jilin Province%吉林省高新技术产业发展与经济增长关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖艳; 胡洋

    2011-01-01

    高新技术产业发展是衡量一个地区科技进步水平,评价地方经济增长方式转变以及区域经济竞争能力的重要依据.首先介绍了协整理论基本原理,基于1995~2008年吉林省的GDP和吉林省高新技术产业总产值数据,利用Engle-Granger两步法基本原理,检验两列数据之间的协整关系,在此基础上得出吉林省高新技术产业产值与吉林省GDP之间具有长期稳定的均衡关系的结论,并提出在培育高新技术产业发展过程中应发挥政府的宏观引导和调控作用,用高新技术改造提升传统产业,提高自主创新能力,运用风险投资推动高新技术产业的发展,加强科技交流和贸易往来以及大力培养和引进高科技人才.%High-tech industry development is an indicator to measure a regional scientific and technological progress, and an important basis for evaluating the changes in regional economic growth and economic competitiveness. Along with the economic competition intensifying, the role of high-tech industry is more and more important in the Chinese economy, as a result, it is becoming the pillar industries among socio-economic development.After development and accumulation in many years, Jilin Province's high-tech industry has grown into a competitive industry with a comparatively perfect system, obvious comparative advantage and strong leading role. It has become the important power to promote economic development of Jilin Province. The basic principles of cointegration theory were introduced. Then, based on the data of high-tech industrial output value and GDP of Jilin Province from 1995 to 2008, using Engle-Granger two-step principle, cointegration relationship between the two groups of data is tested. The conclusion is drawn that high-tech industrial output value and GDP of Jilin Province have a long-term stable equilibrium relationship. And the suggestions are proposed: 1 ) strengthening the capability of independent innovation

  20. VLT Detects First Superstorm on Exoplanet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    , Finland, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. ESO carries out an ambitious programme focused on the design, construction and operation of powerful ground-based observing facilities enabling astronomers to make important scientific discoveries. ESO also plays a leading role in promoting and organising cooperation in astronomical research. ESO operates three unique world-class observing sites in Chile: La Silla, Paranal and Chajnantor. At Paranal, ESO operates the Very Large Telescope, the world's most advanced visible-light astronomical observatory and VISTA, the world's largest survey telescope. ESO is the European partner of a revolutionary astronomical telescope ALMA, the largest astronomical project in existence. ESO is currently planning a 42-metre European Extremely Large optical/near-infrared Telescope, the E-ELT, which will become "the world's biggest eye on the sky".

  1. VLT telescope control software: status, development, and lessons learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirenstrand, Krister

    2003-02-01

    The four 8m VLT telescopes on Paranal are now in full science operation, and they all deliver good results with very small technical downtimes. Of course, many factors are contributing to these results, and also the telescope control software has its share. It has demonstrated to be robust and reliable and also flexible and expandable. In the four years since First Light of the first VLT telescope, this software has been continuously maintained and developed, for improvements on the 8m telescopes but also for use on other telescopes. In addition to the 8m ones, another three telescopes, using applicable parts of the same software, are in operation on Paranal: the 350- mm seeing monitor and two 400-mm siderostats. And the process continues: in the beginning of 2003 the first of three 1.8m Auxiliary Telescopes for the VLT Interferometer will be installed; the control software to 80% being the same as for the 8m telescopes, but with additional devices and control functionality. Another three ESO telescopes on La Silla are also using the same software, as well as two wide field telescopes for Paranal that are now in the design and manufacturing phase. In this development process, and in particular after first installation, we have learned lessons in many areas of software project work. System design and engineering, standardization, tools, testing: these are example areas where there is always room for improvement. Another lesson learned is the importance of the concept of Commissioning, i.e. the work to take the telescope from "integrated" to "working"! What the future of telescope control software will be, that we don't know, but we are working on it! And we try to keep an evolutionary approach, taking advantage of the lessons learned.

  2. VLT/NACO observations of Neptune's ring arcs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renner, S.; Sicardy, B.; Souami, D.; Dumas, C.

    2011-10-01

    We present NACO adaptative optics observations of Neptune's ring arcs at 2.2 μm (K band), taken with the VLT-Yepun telescope in August 2007. We give improved mean motion values for the arcs and Galatea, thus confirming the mismatch between the arcs' position and the location of the 42:43 corotation inclination resonance. We compare the photometry of the arcs with previous observations. We finally use the data to constrain the masses and positions of the coorbital satellites which could confine the arcs, while allowing a slow evolution of the system.

  3. VLT instrumentation control: the collaboration of OATs with ESO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santin, P.

    The collaboration of the Astrophysics Technology Group (ATG) of the Astronomical Observatory of Trieste with ESO will be presented. It may be considered as an example of a good practice in the collaboration of a peripheral Institute with ESO. Started in 1985, it spans almost all the time since Italy joined ESO in 1982. The Trieste Astrophysics Technology Group (ATG) participated in many technological enterprise of ESO, from Remote Observing to VLT instrumentation and to ALMA ACS, and is now looking for the challenging E-ELT.

  4. VLT spectroscopy of massive stars in NGC55

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Castro

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the first spectroscopy study of massive stars in NGC55. The data, taken with VLT-FORS2 allow us to provide spectral classification for 200 objects located through- out the galaxy. From this sample, suitable B-type supergiants are chosen for subsequent higher resolution spectroscopic observations that will enable a quantitative study. The stellar abundances will be a key point in the study of galaxy chemical evolution. We also discuss how GTC-OSIRIS can be a valuable tool for similar studies.

  5. MOONS: the Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph for the VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Cirasuolo; . et al.; L. Kaper; B. Lemasle

    2014-01-01

    MOONS is a new Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph selected by ESO as a third generation instrument for the Very Large Telescope (VLT). The grasp of the large collecting area offered by the VLT (8.2m diameter), combined with the large multiplex and wavelength coverage (optical to nea

  6. Basic Principle that should be followed for Innovative High-tech Products and Equipment Technology%创新型高科技产品及其制备应遵循的基本原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方震

    2012-01-01

    Starting from the basic principle that should be followed for innovative high-tech products and preparation technology,this paper narrates the manufacturing technology,preparation technology,market value and environmental influence;and discusses the importance of innovative high-tech products from eight aspects.%从创新型高科技产品及制备技术应遵循的基本原则讲起,阐述了制造工艺、制备技术、市场价值、环境影响等方面内容,从8个方面论证了创新型高科技产品的重要性。

  7. Estimation of Influencing Factors and Policy Advice to Guangdong High - tech Industry Development%广东省高新技术产业发展的影响因素测度及政策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾铁城

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the development status of high - lech industry in Guangdong, and makes use of single - e-quation econometric model to analyze the quantitative influence of high - tech industry development which is imposed by capital, manpower and technology. At last, this paper gives policy advice to promote the development of high - tech industry in Cuangdong.%在分析广东省高新技术产业发展现状的基础上,利用单方程计量经济模型,就资金、人才和技术这三要素对广东高新技术产业发展的影响进行定量分析,并提出促进广东省高新技术产业发展的对策建议.

  8. High Tech in Small Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2010-01-01

    Across a giant swath of desert and mountain terrain southeast of Tucson, one yellow school bus has been carrying an extra passenger since last fall. Along with dozens of students, the bus rolls through the Vail School District's most far-flung portions equipped with a wireless router. It delivers the Internet to students for as many as three hours…

  9. High Tech for Milady's Makeup

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    "Elizabeth," a computerized beauty analysis system marketed by Elizabeth Arden, is based upon an ARAC data base search of technologies measuring skin profiles. * "Elizabeth" is no longer commercially available.

  10. Decoding chromatin goes high tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Dan; Gozani, Or

    2010-09-17

    Identifying proteins that recognize histone methylation is critical for understanding chromatin function. Vermeulen et al. (2010) now describe a cutting-edge strategy to identify and characterize several nuclear proteins and complexes that recognize five major histone trimethyl marks.

  11. AVES: an adaptive optics visual echelle spectrograph for the VLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasquini, Luca; Delabre, Bernard; Avila, Gerardo; Bonaccini, Domenico

    1998-07-01

    We present the preliminary study of a low cost, high performance spectrograph for the VLT, for observations in the V, R and I bands. This spectrograph is meant for intermediate (R equals 16,000) resolution spectroscopy of faint (sky and/or detector limited) sources, with particular emphasis on the study of solar-type (F-G) stars belonging to the nearest galaxies and to distant (or highly reddened) galactic clusters. The spectrograph is designed to use the adaptive optics (AO) systems at the VLT Telescope. Even if these AO systems will not provide diffraction limited images in the V, R and I bands, the photon concentration will still be above approximately 60% of the flux in an 0.3 arcsecond aperture for typical Paranal conditions. This makes the construction of a compact, cheap and efficient echelle spectrograph possible. AVES will outperform comparable non adaptive optic instruments by more than one magnitude for sky- and/or detector-limited observations, and it will be very suitable for observations in crowded fields.

  12. 新型高新技术纤维及其制品%New type high-tech & new fibers and their products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗益锋

    2012-01-01

    介绍了12种新型高新技术纤维及其制品,包括聚酰胺56、聚乙烯-聚丙烯芯鞘型复合纤维、Tencel C、乙烯-乙烯醇共聚超细纤维非织造布、空气净化服、热调节纤维、抗熔体纺织品、聚丙烯熔喷纳米纤维非织造布、碱性硫酸镁纤维、塑料/石英光纤、磁性PAN基碳纤维、PAN/碳纳米管复合纤维及其碳纤维。这些新型纤维及其制品的研发思路值得我国科技工作者借鉴。%12 new type high-tech & new fibers and their products including nylon 56 fiber, PE-PP core-sheath composite fiber, Tencel C, PVOH microfiber nonwoven fabric, air purifying dress, heat adjustable fiber, molten repelling fiber, PP nano-fiber melt blown nonwoven web, magnesium sulphate fiber, hard plastic/quartz glass light transmitting fiber, magnetic PAN-based carbon fiber, PAN/CNT composite fiber and its carbon fiber. The thread of R&D thought of these new type fibers and their products are worth to reference for China's relative Scientists and technicians.

  13. 基于模块化的高科技产品研发进度优化研究%Study on Scheduling Optimization of High-tech Products R & D Based on Modularity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新国; 向绍信

    2014-01-01

    应用模块化理论,将高度复杂的高科技产品研发项目进行模块化聚类处理,并在此基础上进行项目式集成,将模块转化为项目活动,然后采用基于事件的研究方法构建一个多模式高科技产品研发进度优化模型,通过求解该模型,可得到高科技产品研发满意进度安排,实现收益的最大化。最后通过一个算例进行验证和说明。%The R&D system of high-tech products is highly complex and modularization is an effective way to reduce the system complexity. Based on the modular theory,this paper makes a clustering processing to the highly sophisticated R&D project system of high-tech products. On the basis of that,the modules are looked as“activities”and to be integrated to-gether in accordance with the project management model. Then,this paper constructs a multi model of R&D scheduling op-timization of high-tech products. By solving the model,R&D enterprises can obtain satisfactory R&D schedule of high-tech products and maximize the benefits. Finally,this paper also provides a numerical example to validate the model.

  14. Study on the Relationship between Patents and China-EU High-tech Products Trade%基于VAR的专利与中-欧高技术产品进口关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 耿心怡; 陈昊晴

    2013-01-01

    There is a close link between the patent strategy and international trade. Patents can not only promote export development, but also subject to the reaction of imports, especially for the high-tech products with technology-intensive and knowledge-intensive features. The EU is China’s important partner in economic and trade cooperation, as well as in the field of high-tech products trade. The paper analyzes China-EU high-tech products imports and patent status firstly. Then, we build the VAR model to explore the relationship between the import and patent. Finally, based on the study and consideration of long-term development of the China-EU high-tech products trade, the paper makes a number of policy recommendations.%专利与贸易之间有着密切联系,专利不仅能够促进出口发展,同样受到进口的反作用。对于知识技术密集度高的高技术产品贸易,专利的作用尤为突出。欧盟是中国高技术产品进口的重要来源地。文章首先对中-欧高技术产品进口及相关专利现状进行分析;之后,建立VAR模型对进口与专利的关系进行探讨;最后,针对研究中发现的问题和对中-欧高技术产品贸易的长远发展的考虑,提出政策建议。

  15. 高新技术企业人力资本投资对财务绩效的影响分析%Analysis of the Impact of High-Tech Enterprise Human Capital Investment on Financial Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘叶云; 朱洪慧

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the impact of human capital investment of high-tech enterprise on the finan-cial performance.40 “National Torch Plan” enterprises in eight high-tech fields were selected as samples.Gray correlation analysis method was used to discuss the effects of human capital investment on the financial performance of different high-tech enterprises.The results show that there is a strong positive correlation between the amount of high-tech enterprise human capital investment and its financial performance.Furtheremore, it is revealed that hu-man capital investment has greatest influence on financial performance in new materials technology enterprises.%围绕高新技术企业人力资本投资对财务绩效的影响这一中心,选取八大高新技术领域的40家“国家火炬计划”企业为样本。采用灰色关联分析方法探讨了人力资本投资对不同高新技术企业财务绩效的影响,研究发现高新技术企业人力资本投入额与其财务绩效之间具有较强正相关关系,人力资本投资对新材料技术类企业财务绩效的影响最大。

  16. Langiang-China's Silicon Valley——High-tech Industryr%中国硅谷高科技集贤聚财强廊坊——高新技术产业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Huge market demand has pro-vided a vast field for Langfang's industrial diversification. In ac-cordance with the "high-tech, export-oriented, modern manufacturing and new service industries" industrial position, electronic information, car and motorcycle parts, metal products, wood processing and furniture manufacturing, food processing, tourism exhibition have become Langfang's six leading industries.Langiang——China's Silicon ValleyChina

  17. 高科技企业团队信任对团队知识整合影响的实证研究%Empirical Research on Impact of Team Trust on Team Knowledge Integration in High- tech Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文春

    2012-01-01

    Team becomes the key "work cell" of high - tech enterprise. Team knowledge integration is the important link of organization knowledge management and innovation. How to manage team knowledge integration has become an impor-tant topic in high - tech team management. This paper theoretically reviews relative literatures, investigates 93 team members in high - tech enterprise through questionaires. The result shows that in teams, cognitive - based trust has more variance of systematic knowledge integration than affect - based trust1, affect - based trust explains the more variance of coordination knowledge integration than cognitive - based trust. The results of this paper wili have theoretical and practi-cal implications for team management in high - tech enterprises.%团队是高科技企业构建其竞争优势的关键子系统,团队知识整合是组织知识管理与创新的重要环节,如何促进团队层面的知识整合是高科技企业亟待解决的问题.在回顾相关研究文献的基础上,通过调查问卷对我国高科技企业中93个工作团队进行施测.研究结果显示:在高科技企业团队中,认知信任对系统式整合的影响更显著,情感信任对协调式整合的影响更为显著.该研究结论对高科技企业团队管理具有一定的理论和实践指导意义.

  18. Empirical Study of the Relationship Between High-Tech Industry and Local Economic Growth%陕西高新技术产业与地方经济增长关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋元梁; 胡光旗

    2015-01-01

    As a new regional economic grow th pole ,high- tech industry has played a vital role in enhancing independent innovation capability and extending the industrial chain .Based on the vector auto regression theory ,integrating cointegration analysis ,Granger causality test and variance decomposition together ,and making full use of 20 years’ relevant data of Shaanxi ,the relationship between high-tech industries and economic grow th was analyzed .It is conduded that the development of high-tech industry has contributed much to economic grow th and they has formulated a long-term equilibrium relationship ;however ,different high-tech industries make different contribution to economic growth .%高新技术产业作为区域经济新的增长极,在提升自主创新能力和延伸产业链等方面的作用尤为关键。文中以向量自回归理论为基础,以协整分析、格兰杰因果检验和方差分解为核心的方法体系,以陕西20年相关数据为依据,对陕西高新技术产业与经济增长的关系进行实证分析。研究结论表明:高新技术产业发展对经济增长的贡献突出且呈长期均衡关系,不同高新技术产业对经济增长的贡献度差异明显。

  19. Value Analysis on Relationship Financing of High-tech SMEs Based on Options Theory%基于期权的中小高新技术企业关系型融资的价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨楠

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of high-tech SMEs, the relationship between enterprises and financial institutions was regarded as the intangible assets ; this paper used an option pricing methods to establish the value model of relationship financing and analyse the value of relationship financing about high-tech SMEs. By the value model of relationship financing, the results showed that maintaining the relationship with the bank could bring a greater return on investment and a greater amount of loans for the high-tech SMEs, which could help the high-tech SMEs to solve the financing difficulties.%从中小高新技术企业的角度出发,把企业与金融机构之间的关系视为企业的无形资产,利用期权/定价方法建立了关系型融资的价值模型,对中小高新技术企业的关系型融资的价值大小进行了分析。通过关系型融资的价值模型,发现中小高新技术企业保持与银行的关系,其潜在价值在于能够为企业带来更大的投资回报和更多的贷款额,从而利于解决中小高新技术企业的融资困境问题。

  20. 高新技术企业自主创新环境要素构成及测度研究%Research on the Innovation Environment Factors Composing and Measuring of High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建新; 冯志军

    2009-01-01

    Firstly, this paper makes a theoretical analysis on the roles of legal policy environment, market environment, resources environment, social services environment, science and technology environment and socio-cultural environment in the process of independent innovation for high-tech enterprises. Then, puts forward assumption based on the theoretical analysis,and uses the SEM to give an empirical research on the survey data of high-tech enterprises in Harbin, verifies the environments are important factors for independent innovation of high-tech enterprises. And also tests and analyzes the results of empirical research.%在对政策法律环境、市场环境、资源环境、社会服务环境、科学技术环境和社会文化环境在高新技术企业自主创新过程中的作用进行理论分析的基础上,提出各要素对创新活动作用关系的相关假设,运用结构方程模型方法对哈尔滨市高新技术企业的调研数据进行了实证研究,验证了环境是高新技术企业自主创新的重要影响因素,并对研究结果进行了检验和分析.

  1. 科技型中小企业供应链融资能力评价%Financing Capability Evaluation of High-tech SMEs Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜莉; 刘迅

    2011-01-01

    The supply chain factor was introduced into index system. The index system was constructed to evaluate financing capacity of high - tech SMEs. Multilevel fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was applied to evaluate financing capacity of high -tech SMEs in a more realistic way. The empirical result shows that:if the supply chain factor of high -tech SMEs was taken into account,the financing capacity would relatively improve.%将供应链因素引入到评价科技型中小企业融资能力的指标体系中,利用多层次模糊综合评判方法对科技型中小企业的融资能力进行了更为现实的评价,实证研究结果表明,在考虑到科技型中小企业所处供应链因素的情况下,其融资能力可以得到相对提升.

  2. Understanding transferable supply chain lessons and practices to a "high-tech" industry using guidelines from a primary sector industry: a case study in the food industry supply chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronado Mondragon, Adrian E; Coronado Mondragon, Christian E; Coronado, Etienne S

    2015-01-01

    Flexibility and innovation at creating shapes, adapting processes, and modifying materials characterize composites materials, a "high-tech" industry. However, the absence of standard manufacturing processes and the selection of materials with defined properties hinder the configuration of the composites materials supply chain. An interesting alternative for a "high-tech" industry such as composite materials would be to review supply chain lessons and practices in "low-tech" industries such as food. The main motivation of this study is to identify lessons and practices that comprise innovations in the supply chain of a firm in a perceived "low-tech" industry that can be used to provide guidelines in the design of the supply chain of a "high-tech" industry, in this case composite materials. This work uses the case study/site visit with analogy methodology to collect data from a Spanish leading producer of fresh fruit juice which is sold in major European markets and makes use of a cold chain. The study highlights supply base management and visibility/traceability as two elements of the supply chain in a "low-tech" industry that can provide guidelines that can be used in the configuration of the supply chain of the composite materials industry.

  3. Analysis of problems and countermeasure about our high-tech product export%我国高新技术产品出口问题与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武洪玲

    2011-01-01

    High-tech Industries is a strategic forerunner industry.It is very important for adjustment of industrial structure and change in the main source of economic growth.Export of high-tech product stand for scientific and technological strength and the ability of industrialization.So,we must know the status quo of export of high-tech product and analysis the problems,then give the countermeasure.%高新技术产业是国民经济的战略性先导产业,对产业结构调整和经济增长方式转变发挥着重要作用。高新技术产品的出口,则代表了一个国家的科技实力和高新技术产业化的能力。了解我国高新技术产品出口的现状,分析其问题所在,制定出相应的对策,是提升我国高新技术产业的发展应有之义。

  4. A Study on the Impact of Technology Innovation on High -tech Products Export of Shaanxi Province%技术创新对陕西省高新技术产品出口贸易的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛平智; 储有捷

    2014-01-01

    随着技术密集型产业逐步成为主导产业,高新技术产品在陕西省出口贸易中的地位不断上升。目前,技术创新已成为提升高新技术产业的核心竞争力的重要途径,而技术创新是一个投入产出过程,本文从投入和产出两个角度选取技术创新指标,通过偏最小二乘回归方法,研究技术创新投入和产出各个指标对陕西省高新技术产品出口的影响。%As the technology intensive industries gradually become the dominant industries ,the status of high-tech products in export trade of Shaanxi Province is also rising .Nowadays ,technology innovation has become an important way to enhance the core competitiveness of high -tech industries ,and technology innovation is a process of input and output ,This paper selects the technology innovation indicators from both technology innovation input and output by using the Partial Least Squares Regression method to study the impact of each technology innovation indicators on high -tech products export of Shaanxi Province .

  5. 中国高技术业产业知识基础评价研究%On Evaluation of the Knowledge Base of China’ s High-tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王尉东

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses the entropy method to cluster analyze and establish the evaluation index system of high-tech industry knowledge base from China’ s high-tech industry innovation law, and classify the industry knowl-edge base affecting China’ s industrial innovation and development of the high technology industry. It also analy-zes the role and impact of each group of variables, further exploring the mechanism of each variable of industrial knowledge base toward the innovation and development of the high-tech industry.%本文从中国高技术产业创新活动自身规律出发,运用熵值法作聚类分析建立高技术业产业知识基础评价指标体系,对影响中国高技术业产业创新和发展的产业知识基础分类,分析各组变量影响和作用,探索产业知识基础各变量对高技术业创新与发展的作用机制。

  6. 科技型中小企业危机管理与反危机策略研究%Research on Crisis Management and Anti-crisis Strategy of High-tech SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽英; 孙雨辰

    2013-01-01

    The paper takes the research on crisis management of high - tech SMEs. The paper establishes the crisis management analysis framework of high - tech SMEs, which includes strategic level, operational level and public relation level. Then the paper puts forward the details of crisis management. Finally, it designs an anti - crisis strategy system of high - tech SMEs, which includes the crisis prevention subsystem, the crisis identification subsystem and the crisis treatment subsystem, the crisis recover and learning subsystem.%以科技型中小企业的危机管理为研究对象,构建由企业战略层、企业运营层和企业危机公关层三个维度所组成的企业危机管理的分析框架,并从这三个层面分析了危机管理的具体内容,最后设计了由危机预防予系统、危机识别子系统、危机处理子系统、危机处理效果跟踪与学习子系统构成的反危机策略系统.

  7. ESO adaptive optics facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, R.; Madec, P.-Y.; Hubin, N.; Paufique, J.; Stroebele, S.; Soenke, C.; Donaldson, R.; Fedrigo, E.; Oberti, S.; Tordo, S.; Downing, M.; Kiekebusch, M.; Conzelmann, R.; Duchateau, M.; Jost, A.; Hackenberg, W.; Bonaccini Calia, D.; Delabre, B.; Stuik, R.; Biasi, R.; Gallieni, D.; Lazzarini, P.; Lelouarn, M.; Glindeman, A.

    2008-07-01

    ESO has initiated in June 2004 a concept of Adaptive Optics Facility. One unit 8m telescope of the VLT is upgraded with a 1.1 m convex Deformable Secondary Mirror and an optimized instrument park. The AO modules GALACSI and GRAAL will provide GLAO and LTAO corrections forHawk-I and MUSE. A natural guide star mode is provided for commissioning and maintenance at the telescope. The facility is completed by a Laser Guide Star Facility launching 4 LGS from the telescope centerpiece used for the GLAO and LTAO wavefront sensing. A sophisticated test bench called ASSIST is being designed to allow an extensive testing and characterization phase of the DSM and its AO modules in Europe. Most sub-projects have entered the final design phase and the DSM has entered Manufacturing phase. First light is planned in the course of 2012 and the commissioning phases should be completed by 2013.

  8. ZELDA, a Zernike wavefront sensor for the fine measurement of quasi-static aberrations in coronagraphic systems: concept studies and results with VLT/SPHERE

    Science.gov (United States)

    N'Diaye, M.; Vigan, A.; Dohlen, K.; Sauvage, J.-F.; Caillat, A.; Costille, A.; Girard, J. H. V.; Beuzit, J.-L.; Fusco, T.; Blanchard, P.; Le Merrer, J.; Le Mignant, D.; Madec, F.; Moreaux, G.; Mouillet, D.; Puget, P.; Zins, G.

    2016-07-01

    The high-contrast imaging instruments VLT/SPHERE and GPI have been routinely observing gas giant planets, brown dwarfs, and debris disks around nearby stars since 2013-2014. In these facilities, low-wind effects or differential aberrations between the extreme Adaptive Optics sensing path and the science path represent critical limitations for the observation of exoplanets orbiting their host star with a contrast ratio larger than 106 at small separations. To circumvent this problem, we proposed ZELDA, a Zernike wavefront sensor to measure these quasistatic aberrations at a nanometric level. A prototype was installed on VLT/SPHERE during its integration in Chile. We recently performed measurements on an internal source with ZELDA in the presence of Zernike or Fourier modes introduced with the deformable mirror of the instrument. In this communication, we present the results of our experiment and report on the contrast gain obtained with a first ZELDA-based wavefront correction. We finally discuss the suitability of such a solution for a possible upgrade of VLT/SPHERE and for its use with future E-ELT instruments or space missions with high-contrast capabilities (e.g. WFIRST-AFTA, HDST).

  9. Research on Risk Evaluation of Technology Innovation of High-tech Brand Ecosystem%高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学理; 王兴元

    2011-01-01

    高科技品牌生态系统是以高科技品牌为龙头形成的一种特殊品牌生态系统.与一般的品牌生态系统相比,技术创新对高科技品牌生态系统的发展起着更大的作用.高科技创新的复杂性和系统成员目标的差异性,使得高科技品牌生态系统在技术创新过程中面临着巨大的风险,只有对其风险程度作出合理的评价,才能采取适当的措施来化解风险.在对高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险因素进行分析的基础上,按照全面、简单、易操作原则,提炼出评价高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险的指标,并根据模糊综合评价法可以较好处理模糊性因素的特点,建立了高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评估模型,并结合实例进行了验证.%High-tech brand ecosystem is a special brand ecosystem whose leader is a high-tech brand enterprise, in which high technology takes great effect. As the difference of members' objectives and the complexity of technology innovation activities, technical innovation of high-tech brand ecosystem is facing a big risk. If we can make reasonable assessment on the degree of risks, we can think of corresponding measures to handle them. The paper analyzes the risk factors during the technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem systematically. Besides the paper concludes the risk index system through which we can evaluate the risk of technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem with the principle of comprehensive, simple, easy to implement. Then a risk quantitative evaluation model is constructed using the method of fuzzy evaluation which can better deal with fuzzy factors. Finally, this model is used to analyze an example.

  10. Finance and Taxation Policy Motivation, High-tech Industry Development and Industrial Structure Adjustment%财税政策激励、高新技术产业发展与产业结构调整

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张同斌; 高铁梅

    2012-01-01

    本文构建了高新技术产业的可计算一般均衡(CGE)模型,考察了财政激励政策和税收优惠政策对高新技术产业发展进而对产业结构调整的影响。结果显示,财政激励政策比税收优惠政策能够更加有效地促进高新技术产业的产出增长。财税政策的激励作用对于高新技术产业增加值率的提高和内部结构的优化都具有积极影响,并且税收优惠政策的效果更为显著。政府在财税政策制定时,应注重提高高新技术产业的自主研发和创新能力,并考虑政策的短期适应性和长期战略性,推动高新技术产业的科学发展和产业结构调整的合理化进程。%This article constructed a CGE model of Chinese high-tech industry and analyzed the impacts of the finance and taxation policy on high-tech industry development and the industrial structure adjustment based on this model. The results show that the finance policy can promote the increase of the added value of high-tech industry more effectively compared with the taxation policy, but the taxation policy may play a more important role in the internal structure adjustment of the high-tecb industry and elevate its low added value ratio. Under the finance policy, higb-tech industry promotes the output growth of its related industries. However, under the taxation policy, the high-tech industry can hardly promote the development of other industries except agriculture and consumer goods industry. When making finance and taxation policy, the government should lay stress on the independent development and innovation ability with consideration of short-term adaptability and long-term strategy to promote the scientific development of high-tech industry and rationalization of industrial structure adjustment.

  11. Measuring Organizational Innovation and Technological Innovation Based on High-Tech Enterprises' Adaption Status%高技术企业组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李靖; 石春生; 刘微微

    2011-01-01

    创新是高技术企业生存发展的核心,组织创新与技术创新是高技术企业创新的重要组成部分,组织创新是技术创新的基础和支撑,技术创新是组织创新的动力和源泉.但在高技术企业中组织创新与技术创新往往不相适应、不相匹配的现象,阻碍企业创新效率和持续发展.本文以我国的高技术企业为研究对象,通过问卷调研,结合相关性权重法分别测度了组织创新状态与技术创新状态,基于效用理论构建了组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度模型,对匹配参数和最佳匹配状态进行了求解,并进行了案例分析.%Organizational innovation and technological innovation are core elements of survival and development for high-tech enterprises. Organizational innovation and technological innovation relies on each other because the former is the foundation of the latter, and the latter is the driving force of the former. High-tech manufacturing industry plays a pivotal role in the industrial innovation and economic growth in China. However, in most high-tech enterprises organizational and technological innovations are often not compatible with each other. Consequently, innovation efficiency and sustainable development are seriously hindered. This study recognizes the issue and tries to quantitatively measure the influence of organizational innovation and technological innovation on the improvement of resource utilization and core competitiveness for high-tech enterprises.The first part of this study summarizes literatures on organizational innovation and technological innovation adaptation. Our literature review suggests that organizational knowledge and organizational culture have important influence on organizational and technological innovations. The second part defines four measures of organizational innovation; organizational strategy innovation, organizational structure innovation, organizational processes innovation and organizational

  12. 基于与大企业联盟的技术创业企业成长机制%The growth mechanism of high - tech start - ups through building strategic alliances with established fn'ms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岑; 张帏; 姜彦福

    2012-01-01

    资源的匮乏常常是技术创业企业发展中面临的主要困难。而战略联盟为技术创业企业提供了一种以资源互补、风险共担、利益共享为基础的合作和发展模式,成为技术创业企业把握创业机会、实现快速发展的有效途径之一。本文首先针对技术创业企业与大企业构建的战略联盟,从资源基础观和“战略一结构”的视角,建立了技术创业企业构建战略联盟的“动因一行为一收益”整体分析框架;进而对高技术创业企业海兰信公司进行了深入案例研究,分析了其通过构建战略联盟获取资源、实现成长的内在机制。研究发现,技术创业企业选择联盟战略后,可以通过与伙伴企业进行组织间的合作、沟通和学习,使资源得到互补,战略更加明晰,组织结构更加完善,从而实现创业企业成长和绩效提升。在此基础上,本文提出了技术创业企业构建联盟的“动因-行为-收益”模型。%Lack of resource is usually a major constraint in the development of high - tech start - ups. Through cooperation based on resources complementary, risk sharing, and profit sharing, strategic alliances could be an effective way for the high - tech start - ups to catch up the entrepreneurial opportunity and achieve the rapid growth. The strategic alliances between high - tech startups and established firms are focused, and motivationbehaviorreturns overall analysis framework from the resource - based view and the strategy - structure perspective is preliminary established, then an in - depth case study of Highlander Digital Technology Stock Co. Ltd as a typical high - tech start - up is conducted and the intrinsic mechanism for accessing resource and achieving growth by building strategic alliances is analyzed. It is found that after strategic alliances, high - tech start - ups are a- ble to realize mutual complement of resources, clarify the strategy, improve

  13. A Study on the High-Tech Enterprises' M & A---Based on the Strategic Target%高新技术企业并购研究--基于战略目标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽英

    2014-01-01

    Recently the world has entered a new era of technological competition, the state of the global technical resources and the R&D system as well as the accelerated pace of technological change has altered the original way of industrial competition. The technological competition supported by the speed has become the mainstream. Acquiring technical advantages through M&A has turned into a new option. The high-tech enterprises have been the focus of global M&A market because of their high growth and expected profitability. Company may radically ensure that the target's strategy matches with theirs by choosing acquisition targets based on the company's strategy. The paper explores the characteristics and laws of the high-tech industry's development, finding that a large number of M&A transactions happened between high-tech enterprises and technology-based small businesses which determined by the law of development of high-tech industry. The essence of high-tech M&A is talent acquisition and M&A in various stages has different motives and target. The paper offers references and inspirations to M&A target selection of high-tech enterprises in China by studying the M&A strategy and target selection of Cisco.%目前全球已进入一个新的技术竞争时代,全球技术资源状态与研发体系以及技术变更速度的加快已经改变了原来的产业竞争方式,以速度为支撑的技术竞争已经成为主流,通过并购获得技术优势成为新的选择。高新技术企业凭借其高成长性和未来预期的高收益性目前已成为全球并购市场的焦点。企业基于战略来选择并购目标可以从根本上保证目标企业与自己的战略匹配。文章对高新技术行业发展的特点与规律进行研究,发现高新技术企业广泛大量并购技术型小企业是由高新技术行业的发展规律决定的,高新技术企业收购的实质是收购人才,在不同发展阶段其并购的动因与目标也不同。

  14. Evaluation of High-Tech Research Project Based on Internal Fuzzy TOPSIS and AHP%基于AHP和区间模糊TOPSIS法的高新技术科研项目评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张守华; 孙树栋

    2011-01-01

    An evaluation index system of high-tech research project was established, and the evaluation model for high-tech research project was put forward based on analytical hierachy process (AHP) and internal fuzzy technique order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS). And the weight of evaluation index was made using AHP, the interval fuzzy matrix was set using fuzzy theory. The positive ideal solution, negative ideal solution and proximity were calculated. The rank of high-tech research project was made by comparing the proximity. At last, an example was discussed to validate the practicability and feasibility of the established index system and model.%建立了高新技术科研项目评价指标体系,提出了基于层次分析法(AHP)和区间模糊的逼近理想排序法的高新技术科研项目评价模型,采用AHP确定评价指标的权重,借助于模糊理论构建区间模糊矩阵,计算其正、负理想解和接近度,根据接近度而对高新技术科研项目进行比较,并进行了实例分析.结果表明,所构建的评价指标体系和评价模型具有一定的实用性和可行性.

  15. The Effects of High-tech Products Export to the Spatial Difference of Global Technology Innovation%高技术产品出口对全球技术创新空间差异的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢孝兵; 李子怡

    2016-01-01

    从经济发展水平角度,分别对全球技术创新和高技术产品出口的空间差异进行探讨,并利用2004-2013年全球52个国家的面板数据建立模型,实证分析高技术产品出口对全球创新能力的影响。研究表明,技术创新活动和高技术产品出口均主要集聚在高收入国家,高技术出口商品结构的升级对创新产出的提高有积极的影响,进一步促进技术创新向少数国家聚集。最后提出对未来技术创新的相关建议。%From the perspective of economic development level, this article respectively analyzes spatial differences of the global technology innovation and high-tech products export, and takes advantage of the data from 52 countries around the world in 2004-2013, constituting a panel data model to test the effects of the high-tech products export to the global innovation ability. Research has shown that both technology innovation activities and high-tech products export are mainly gathered in high-income countries. The upgrade of high technology export commodity structure has a positive effect on improving the innovation output and then promotes technology innovation to aggregate in a few countries. Finally, briefly summarize the full text, and put forward some relative suggestions to the future of technology innovation.

  16. 基于过程观的高科技企业组织学习模型构建%Organizational Learning Model Building for High-tech Enterprises from the Prospective of Process Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于伟

    2012-01-01

    Combining with the organizational learning and process management theories and the characteristics of high -tech enterprises, the paper builds an organizational learning model for high - tech enterprises which includes two dimensions : the process and the hierarchical dimension. In the learning process, the organizations should build up a good operation environment from the aspects of human capital, motivation, organizational transform and institutionalization, information and collaborative technologies. The two dimensions of organizational learning contain circulatory improvement processes. By implementing and optimizing the processes of organizational learning the high - tech enterprises will achieve the maximized value so that the effect of organizational learning will be constantly enhanced.%结合组织学习和过程管理的相关理论,以及高科技企业的特点,构建了高科技企业组织学习的模型,将高科技企业的组织学习分为过程维度和在层次维度.在实现组织学习的过程中要从人力资本、激励方式、组织变革和制度化保证以及信息和协同手段的运用等四个方面出发,为高科技企业的组织学习构建良好的运作环境.组织学习的两个维度都是循环的改进过程,通过持续实施、并优化这些过程,高科技企业可以实现组织学习过程价值的最大化,从而使组织学习的效果得到不断的提升.

  17. 后金融危机时代高科技企业人力资源管理问题分析%Analysis of the post-crisis era of high-tech enterprise human resource management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵虹

    2013-01-01

    Human resources are the most important resource of high-tech enterprises.In the post-crisis era,human resource management is facing with multiple challenges.High-tech enterprise might take freeze hiring,layoffs,pay cuts and other actions to bring challenges in performance management,compensation management,employee relations management,training management,career planning,corporate culture and other aspects of human resource. Meanwhile,these actions also bring opportunities to high-tech enterprises.%  人力资源是高科技企业最重要的资源。在后金融危机时代,高科技企业的经营业务正处于调整恢复期,人力资源管理更是面临了多重挑战。高科技企业可能会采取的冻结招聘、裁员、降薪等行动给绩效管理、薪酬管理、员工关系管理、培训管理、职业生涯规划、企业文化建设等人力资源环节带来了重重挑战。同时,在这些方面也给高科技企业带来了机遇,企业可以采取人才引进、理念重构、提升企业凝聚力、提升企业竞争力、提升企业文化五大对策。

  18. 风险管理视角下的高科技企业人力资源管理策略探讨%Probe into the Strategies for Human Resource Management in High-tech Enterprise from Risk Management Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付照静; 吴贵钧

    2014-01-01

    The human resource management in rapidly developed high-tech enterprise is gradually becoming the“bottleneck”and weak factor of it. From the risk management perspective, and connecting with the features of the human resource management in the high-tech enterprise, this paper discusses the risk management strategy in aspects of human resource’s strategic planning,human resource’s basic management,personnel capacity management, human resource’s operation management,organizational culture, and human resource’s information management,etc., which have a certain significance and reference value to the human resource’s risk management of high-tech enterprise in rapid development.%高科技企业人力资源管理问题正逐渐成为其发展的“瓶颈”因素和薄弱环节。从风险管理的视角,结合高科技企业人力资源管理特点,对人力资源战略规划、人力资源基础管理、人员能力管理、人力资源运营管理、组织文化和人力资源信息管理等方面的风险管理策略进行了探讨,对于处于快速发展的高科技企业人力资源风险管理控制具有一定的借鉴意义和参考价值。

  19. Two VLT 8.2-m Unit Telescopes in Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    Visitors at ANTU - Astronomical Images from KUEYEN The VLT Control Room at the Paranal Observatory is becoming a busy place indeed. From here, two specialist teams of ESO astronomers and engineers now operate two VLT 8.2-m Unit Telescopes in parallel, ANTU and KUEYEN (formerly UT1 and UT2, for more information about the naming and the pronunciation, see ESO Press Release 06/99 ). Regular science observations have just started with the first of these giant telescopes, while impressive astronomical images are being obtained with the second. The work is hard, but the mood in the control room is good. Insiders claim that there have even been occasions on which the groups have had a friendly "competition" about which telescope makes the "best" images! The ANTU-team has worked with the FORS multi-mode instrument , their colleagues at KUEYEN use the VLT Test Camera for the ongoing tests of this new telescope. While the first is a highly developed astronomical instrument with a large-field CCD imager (6.8 x 6.8 arcmin 2 in the normal mode; 3.4 x 3.4 arcmin 2 in the high-resolution mode), the other is a less complex CCD camera with a smaller field (1.5 x 1.5 arcmin 2 ), suited to verify the optical performance of the telescope. As these images demonstrate, the performance of the second VLT Unit Telescope is steadily improving and it may not be too long before its optical quality will approach that of the first. First KUEYEN photos of stars and galaxies We present here some of the first astronomical images, taken with the second telescope, KUEYEN, in late March and early April 1999. They reflect the current status of the optical, electronic and mechanical systems, still in the process of being tuned. As expected, the experience gained from ANTU last year has turned out to be invaluable and has allowed good progress during this extremely delicate process. ESO PR Photo 19a/99 ESO PR Photo 19a/99 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 433 pix - 160k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 866 pix - 457k] [High

  20. 苏州高新区成立首家外资研发中心%First solely foreign-funded R&D center set up in Suzhou High-Tech Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Huading Technology (Suzhou)Co.,Ltd.,the first solely foreign-funded R&D center in the Suzhou High-Tech Zone, which was set up recently with a total outlay of US$5.6 million and registered capital of US$2. 8 million, is invested in by a company set up by Asus Computer in British Virgin Islands. It is mainly engaged in the R&D of computer and peripheral products and transfer of its own R&D results.

  1. An Empirical Analysis of the Export Competitiveness of China's High-tech Products%中国高技术产品贸易出口竞争力的实证分栅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    储昭昉

    2011-01-01

    自1999年我国实施“科技兴贸”战略以来,我国高技术产品出口快速增长,已成为推动我国外贸出口的重要动力。但我国高技术产品出口仍存在不少问题,如自主创新少,本土企业高技术产品出口规模小等。针对这一现象,文章基于1991~2008年的数据,首先利用出口市场占有率、贸易竞争优势指数和显示性比较优势指数实证分析我国高技术产品出口竞争力的现状,然后基于“钻石模型”着重探索我国高技术产品出口竞争力的影响因素。并给出提高我国高技术产品出口竞争力的对策和建议。%Since China implemented the "Developing Trade through Science and Technology" strategy in 1999, China's high-tech products export grows rapidly and has become an important driver of China's export. However, there are still some problems with China's high-tech products export such as less independent innovation and small-scale high-tech products export of local enterprises. Addressing on this phenomenon, and based on 1991-2008 data, this paper firstly uses the international market share, the index of trade competitiveness advantage and the index of revealed comparative advantage to analyze the export competitiveness of China's high- tech products, and then explores the factors that influence the export competitiveness on the basis of "Diamond Model" . And in the end, it also presents some advices for how to improve the export competitiveness.

  2. FDI对我国高新技术产业技术溢出效应分析%The analysis of technology spillover effect of FDI on China's high-tech industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓钟; 何建莹

    2012-01-01

    With the C-D function, we empirically analyze the impact of FDI on China' s high-tech domestic enterprises' output, innovation capability and new product development. Studies have shown that foreign investment through competition effects, mobility effects, the demonstration effect and other related effects of domestic enterprises to promote the labor productivity of high-tech industry, and thereby contribute to improvement of domestic output of high-tech enterprises. But the too large technological gap between foreign and domestic enterprises and the much weaker ability to digesting and absorbing technology restrain FDI from promoting the capability of independent innovation in aerospace industry. The high foreign market concentration and market openness are not favorable for the new product market development of electronic and communications equipment manufacturing and computer and office equipment manufacturing. The paper thus explores the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions with a view to make better use of foreign investment in high-tech industry.%本文借助C-D函数,实证并分析了FDI对我国高新技术产业内资企业产出、自主创新能力、新产品开发的影响。研究表明,外资通过竞争效应、人员流动效应、示范效应以及产业关联效应等带动高新技术内资企业劳动生产率提高,从而促进内资高新技术企业产出总量增加;但较大的内外资企业的技术差距和较弱的技术消化吸收能力抑制了FDI对航空航天器制造业自主创新能力的提升;较高的外资企业市场集中度和市场开放度,不利于电子及通信设备制造业以及电子计算机及办公设备制造业新产品市场开发。文章据此探讨了相应的对策建议,以期为高新技术产业更好地利用外资提供有益的思路。

  3. The ESO Adaptive Optics Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ströbele, S.; Arsenault, R.; Bacon, R.; Biasi, R.; Bonaccini-Calia, D.; Downing, M.; Conzelmann, R. D.; Delabre, B.; Donaldson, R.; Duchateau, M.; Esposito, S.; Fedrigo, E.; Gallieni, D.; Hackenberg, W. K. P.; Hubin, N.; Kasper, M.; Kissler-Patig, M.; Le Louarn, M.; McDermid, R.; Oberti, S.; Paufique, J.; Riccardi, A.; Stuik, R.; Vernet, E.

    2006-06-01

    The Adaptive Optics Facility is a project to convert one VLT-UT into a specialized Adaptive Telescope. The present secondary mirror (M2) will be replaced by a new M2-Unit hosting a 1170 actuators deformable mirror. The 3 focal stations will be equipped with instruments adapted to the new capability of this UT. Two instruments are in development for the 2 Nasmyth foci: Hawk-I with its AO module GRAAL allowing a Ground Layer Adaptive Optics correction and MUSE with GALACSI for GLAO correction and Laser Tomography Adaptive Optics correction. A future instrument still needs to be defined for the Cassegrain focus. Several guide stars are required for the type of adaptive corrections needed and a four Laser Guide Star facility (4LGSF) is being developed in the scope of the AO Facility. Convex mirrors like the VLT M2 represent a major challenge for testing and a substantial effort is dedicated to this. ASSIST, is a test bench that will allow testing of the Deformable Secondary Mirror and both instruments with simulated turbulence. This article describes the Adaptive Optics facility systems composing associated with it.

  4. VLT polarimetry observations of PSR B0656+14

    CERN Document Server

    Mignani, R P; Shearer, A; Testa, V; Sowikowska, A; Rudak, B; Krzeszowki, K; Kanbach, G

    2015-01-01

    Optical polarisation measurements are key tests for different models of the pulsar magnetosphere. Furthermore, comparing the relative orientation of the phase-averaged linear polarisation direction and the pulsar proper motion vector may unveil a peculiar alignment, clearly seen in the Crab pulsar. Our goal is to obtain the first measurement of the phase-averaged optical linear polarisation of the fifth brightest optical pulsar, PSR\\, B0656+14, which has also a precisely measured proper motion, and verify a possible alignment between the polarisation direction and the proper motion vector. We carried out observations with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) to measure the phase-averaged optical polarisation degree (P.D.) and position angle (P.A.) of PSR B0656+14. We measured a P.D. of $11.9\\%\\pm5.5\\%$ and a P.A. of $125.8\\degr\\pm13.2\\degr$, measured East of North. Albeit of marginal significance, this is the first measurement of the phase-averaged optical P. D. for this pulsar. Moreover, we found that the P.A. of ...

  5. Astrometric precision of observations at VLT/FORS2

    CERN Document Server

    Lazorenko, P F

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we test the astrometric precision of VLT/FORS2 observations using a serie of CCD frames taken in Galactic bulge area. A special reduction method based on symmetrization of reference fields was used to reduce the atmospheric image motion. Positional precision of unsaturated R=16 mag star images at 17 sec exposure and 0.55 arcsec seeing was found to be equal to 300 microarcsec. The total error of observations was decomposed into components. It was shown that astrometric error depends largely on the photon centroiding error of the target (250 microarcsec for 16 mag stars) while the image motion is much less (110 microarcsec). At galactic latitudes to about 20 degrees, precision for a serie of frames with a 10 min total exposure is estimated to be 30-50 microarcsec for 14-16 mag stars providing the images are not overexposed and the filter R "special" is used. Error estimates for fields with smaller sky star density are given. We conclude that astrometric observations with large telescopes, under op...

  6. MASSIVE STARS: FROM THE VLT TO THE ELT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Evans

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro conocimiento de las estrellas masivas ha aumentado significativamente en los últimos 30 años gracias a las nuevas instalaciones y tecnologías. En esta contribución presento un gran survey de estrellas masivas que se ha realizado recientemente mediante el uso de VLT-FLAMES, mostrando los campos observados y remarcando la fracción de estrellas binarias que se ha encontrado. Estos datos se han utilizado para la primera comprobación empírica de la dependencia de la intensidad de los vientos estelares con la metalicidad, encontrándose un buen acuerdo con la teoría un resultado de gran importancia para los modelos de evolución estelar, que se utilizan para la interpretación de cúmulos lejanos, starburst y galaxias con formación estelar. Dando un paso más, comentaré como en la actualidad se están dedicando grandes esfuerzos al avance de los planes de actuación y desarrollo de los Telescopios de Gran Tamaño, que serán una realidad en un futuro próximo; este hecho nos ofrecerá una posibilidad más que interesante para obtener observaciones con resolución espacial de estrellas masivas más allá del Grupo Local.

  7. VLT spectroscopy of XTE J2123-058 during quiescence

    CERN Document Server

    Casares, J; Shahbaz, T; Zurita, C; Charles, P A

    2001-01-01

    We present VLT low resolution spectroscopy of the neutron star X-ray transient XTE J2123-058 during its quiescent state. Our data reveal the presence of a K7V companion which contributes 77 % to the total flux at 6300 A and orbits the neutron star at K_2 = 287 +/- 12 km/s. Contrary to other soft X-ray transients (SXTs), the Halpha emission is almost exactly in antiphase with the velocity curve of the optical companion. Using the light-center technique we obtain K_1 = 140 +/- 27 km/s and hence q=K_1/K_2=M_2/M_1= 0.49 +/- 0.10. This, combined with a previous determination of the inclination angle (i=73 +/- 4) yields M_1 = 1.55 +/- 0.31 Msun and M_2 = 0.76 +/- 0.22 Msun. M_2 agrees well with the observed spectral type. Doppler tomography of the Halpha emission shows a non-symmetric accretion disc distribution mimicking that seen in SW Sex stars. Although we find a large systemic velocity of -110 +/- 8 km/s this value is consistent with the galactic rotation velocity at the position of J2123-058, and hence a halo...

  8. The VLT Measures the Shape of a Type Ia Supernova

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-01

    First Polarimetric Detection of Explosion Asymmetry has Cosmological Implications Summary An international team of astronomers [2] has performed new and very detailed observations of a supernova in a distant galaxy with the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory (Chile). They show for the first time that a particular type of supernova, caused by the explosion of a "white dwarf", a dense star with a mass around that of the Sun, is asymmetric during the initial phases of expansion . The significance of this observation is much larger than may seem at a first glance . This particular kind of supernova, designated "Type Ia", plays a very important role in the current attempts to map the Universe. It has for long been assumed that Type Ia supernovae all have the same intrinsic brightness , earning them a nickname as "standard candles". If so, differences in the observed brightness between individual supernovae of this type simply reflect their different distances. This, and the fact that the peak brightness of these supernovae rivals that of their parent galaxy, has allowed to measure distances of even very remote galaxies . Some apparent discrepancies that were recently found have led to the discovery of cosmic acceleration . However, this first clearcut observation of explosion asymmetry in a Type Ia supernova means that the exact brightness of such an object will depend on the angle from which it is seen. Since this angle is unknown for any particular supernova, this obviously introduces an amount of uncertainty into this kind of basic distance measurements in the Universe which must be taken into account in the future. Fortunately, the VLT data also show that if you wait a little - which in observational terms makes it possible to look deeper into the expanding fireball - then it becomes more spherical. Distance determinations of supernovae that are performed at this later stage will therefore be more accurate. PR Photo 24a/03 : Spiral galaxy NGC

  9. Research on Input Intensity of Scientific and Technological Activities in Suzhou High-tech Enterprises%苏州高新技术企业科技活动投入强度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范小秋; 杨莹; 瞿肖怡

    2016-01-01

    企业是创新的主体,而高新技术企业是综合反映企业创新能力的重要载体,其持续稳定的科技活动投入是保障企业转型升级、赢得竞争优势的重要手段。文章通过利用苏州2014年度火炬统计年报数据,挖掘在各行业、各领域、各地区高新技术企业的科技活动开展状况,并运用定量分析研究政府扶持资金在推动企业创新中发挥的作用。%Enterprises are the body of innovation, especially for high-tech enterprises. Innovation of high-tech enterprises is a comprehensive reflection of enterprises innovation capabilities. Therefore, their steady investment in scientific and technological activities is an important means to gain competitive advantage and ensure business transforming and upgrading. By analyzing data gathered from 2014 Torch Annual Research, this article looks into scientific and technological activities taken by enterprises in various regions, industries and technological fields. Through quantitative analysis, the article points out what role government support founds is playing in boosting enterprise innovation.

  10. 高技术产业专利开发与产业发展关系实证研究%Empirical Analysis of Patent and Industry Development of High-tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐巧玲

    2013-01-01

    根据1995-2010年的时间序列数据,利用计量经济学中的协整理论及格兰杰因果检验,对我国高技术产业专利开发与产业发展之间的关系进行了验证.结果表明,二者之间存在长期的均衡关系,但并不存在明显的格兰杰因果关系,说明我国高技术产业专利开发与产业发展还未形成良性互动关系.%According to time series data from 1995 to 2010, the paper uses co-integration theory and granger causality test, and carries out dynamic analysis of the relationship between patent and industry development of high-tech industry. Through the analysis, the paper reaches some conclusions. Long-term equilibrium relationship exists between patent application and industrial added value of high-tech industry, but the granger causality between them is not clear, which shows that positive interactive relationship between them hasn't been formed.

  11. Integration of High-tech Enterprises to Carry Out Exploration Performance Incentive System%高新技术企业开展绩效积分激励制度的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静静

    2015-01-01

    The core competitiveness of enterprises from the talent to create high-tech research and development, how to build a scientific performance evaluation system to stimulate innovation and creativity of staff, effective use of a variety of incentives to improve work ethic and job performance of employees, to promote enterprise the key to long-term development of high-tech companies continue to achieve new breakthroughs, we were of this article.%高技术企业的核心竞争力来自人才创造的研发实力,如何构建科学的绩效评价指标体系,激发员工的创新创造能力,有效运用各种激励手段来提高员工的工作热情和工作绩效,促进企业的长期发展成为高新技术企业不断取得新的突破的关键,文章对此进行了探析.

  12. Strategy Research on Small and Medium-sized High-tech Enterprises Intellectual Property Securitization Financing%中小高新技术企业知识产权证券化融资策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴波虹

    2014-01-01

    The development of small and medium-sized high-tech enterprises needs a lot of money, but the tradi-tional financing model is difficult to adapt to the requirement of its financing. Intellectual property securitization financ-ing as a structured finance innovation, has become a new mode of small and medium-sized high-tech enterprises fi-nancing in China. At the same time, intellectual property rights as a kind of intangible assets in the asset value evalua-tion has certain difficulty and the value of intellectual property has the characteristics of uncertainty, which hinders the securitization of intellectual property.%中小高新技术企业在发展中需要大量的资金投入,而传统的融资模式已经很难适应其融资的要求,知识产权证券化融资作为一项结构性金融创新,已经成为我国中小高新企业融资新模式。同时知识产权作为一种无形资产,在资产价值评估具有一定的困难及知识产权的价值具有不确定的特点,从而阻碍了知识产权证券化。

  13. Success and Failure of U.S.High-tech Companies in Merger and Acquisition in China%美国高科技企业并购成败分析及对我国的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩蓄

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing the typical success and failure of U.S.high-tech enterprises in the merger and acquisition,this article tries to provide Chinese high-tech companies with some help in that way.The paper argues that the effective integrations of technical and intellectual resources is the only way to get a successful merger and acquisition,meanwhile it is that the cultural differences and conflicts that would lead to a failure of the acquisition transaction.%通过分析美国高科技企业并购成功和失败的典型案例,对国内高科技企业走并购发展之路提供有益的借鉴:技术和智力资源的有效整合是成功并购的必由之路,文化冲突和收购价值分歧会让并购走向失败。

  14. 关于国内外高新技术产品与品牌战略之间的分析%Analysis of High-tech Products at Home and Abroad and between Brand Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋双双; 蔡蔡

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between domestic and foreign high-tech products and brand strategies. In the electronics industry, in the United States, Apple, South Korea’s Samsung and China’s Lenovo Group, for example were analyzed and summarized in mastering high-tech products marketing target market, it must also be consistent with the company's overall brand image.%主要分析了国内外高新技术产品与品牌战略之间的关系。在电子产品行业中,以美国的苹果公司、韩国的三星公司和中国的联想集团为例进行了分析,总结了高新技术产品营销在掌握目标市场的同时,也要与企业的整体品牌形象相一致。

  15. Analysis on Current Situation of Financing Channels of High-tech SMEs in Shanxi Province%山西省科技型中小企业融资渠道现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉冰

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarizes the status quo of financing channels of high-tech SMEs in Shanxi according to the data obtained from the questionnaire.Then it analyzes the reasons causing the difficulty in financing.Finally,it considers that increasing the financing favor of bank,establishing stock listed echelon,and enhancing the guide services of industrial associations help to expand the financing channels of high-tech SMEs and improve financing system in current financing environment.%根据问卷调查数据,总结了山西省科技型中小企业的融资渠道现状,分析了造成其融资困难的原因。指出,在目前山西省的融资环境下,可从加大银行融资倾向、建立上市梯队、加强行业协会的引导服务入手拓宽山西省科技型中小企业的融资渠道、完善其融资体系。

  16. Comparison and Experience of High -tech Industry Cluster Policy in US,Japan and France%美日法高新技术产业集群政策的比较与借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽英; 童心

    2014-01-01

    Firstly,this paper analyzes the characteristics of the high -tech industrial cluster policies in United States,Ja-pan and France.Then five dimensions of cluster policy are put forward,which are promoting dialogue and cooperation,ex-panding demand,providing intellectual support,promoting international connections and improving cluster framework.Ac-cording to the five -dimensions,the common and differences of cluster policies in United States,Japan and France are comparatively analyzed.Finally the experiences are summarized for the policy setting of the high -tech industry cluster in China.%分析美国、日本和法国高新技术产业集群政策特点,提出集群政策比较的五个维度,促进对话与合作、拓展需求、提供智力支撑、促进国际联系和完善集群框架,进而从五个政策维度比较分析美日法集群政策的共同点与不同点,最后总结对我国高新技术产业集群政策的经验借鉴。

  17. Empirical Analysis on the Factors Affecting Innovation of High-tech Enterprises from the View of Performance%创新视角下高技术企业绩效影响因素实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓梅

    2015-01-01

    High technology enterprise is the national wealth creation system, in order to effectively explore the impact factors for influencing the innovation performance of high tech industry enterprises, based on sample data of the listed high tech enterprises, this paper proposes the performance theoretical model of high technology enterprise innovation consisting of the proposed asset factors , talent factor, management factor, technology factor and so on, to construct the index system of high technology industry enterprise innovation performance by using the method of grey fuzzy clustering theory. This paper analyzes the inherent relationship between the factors of high technology industry enterprise performance from innovation perspective, and gain the weight that asset factors of high-tech enterprise, talent management factors, technical factors and so on for influencing the innovation performance of high tech enterprises by adjusting the weights of different factors which can effectively improve the performance level of high technology enterprises. Finally , on the basis of the conclusion of the study, this paper provides suggestions to enhance the performance level of high technology enterprises from the investment, patent technology and talent repects which have important reference significance for the development of high-tech companies.%高技术企业是国民财富的创造体系,为有效探求影响高技术产业企业创新绩效的影响因素,文章基于已上市的高技术企业样本数据,提出了资产因素、人才因素、管理因素、技术因素等的高技术企业绩效理论模型,构建了高技术产业企业创新绩效因素指标体系,运用灰色模糊聚类理论方法,系统分析了创新视角下高技术产业企业绩效影响因素的内在关系,报告了高技术企业资产因素、人才因素、管理因素、技术因素和科技因素等多种控制因素对高技术企业创新绩效的影响的权值

  18. VLT Smashes the Record of the Farthest Known Galaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    formed which could illuminate the vast space. The Universe was a cold and opaque place. This sombre era is therefore quite reasonably dubbed the "Dark Ages". A few hundred million years later, the first generation of stars and, later still, the first galaxies and quasars, produced intense ultraviolet radiation, gradually lifting the fog over the Universe. This was the end of the Dark Ages and, with a term again taken over from human history, is sometimes referred to as the "Cosmic Renaissance". Astronomers are trying to pin down when - and how - exactly the Dark Ages finished. This requires looking for the remotest objects, a challenge that only the largest telescopes, combined with a very careful observing strategy, can take up. Using a Gravitational Telescope With the advent of 8-10 meter class telescopes spectacular progress has been achieved during the last decade. Indeed it has since become possible to observe with some detail several thousand galaxies and quasars out to distances of nearly 12 billion light-years (i.e. up to a redshift of 3 [3]). In other words astronomers are now able to study individual galaxies, their formation, evolution, and other properties over typically 85 % of the past history of the Universe. Further in the past, however, observations of galaxies and quasars become scarce. Currently, only a handful of very faint galaxies are seen approximately 1,200 to 750 million years after the Big Bang (redshift 5-7). Beyond that, the faintness of these sources and the fact their light is shifted from the optical to the near infrared has so far severely limited the studies. An important breakthrough in this quest for the earliest formed galaxy has now been achieved by a team of French and Swiss astronomers [2] using ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) equipped with the near-infrared sensitive instrument ISAAC. To accomplish this, they had to combine the light amplification effect of a cluster of galaxies - a Gravitational Telescope - with the light

  19. R&D、知识溢出与高新技术产业的地区差异——基于江苏省13地市的面板数据分析%Differences of R&D, Knowledge Spillover and of High - tech Industry Development Performance A Study Based on Panel Data in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙颖; 赵静敏

    2011-01-01

    R&D and knowledge spillovers have significant impact on the high - tech industry development, such as human capital spillovers, international trade spillovers, FDI spillovers. The property right system reform also influences high - tech industry development performance. The empirical results show that the government's financial investment and human capital have a positive impact on the high -tech industry in the relatively backward area in economy, we should strengthen the government' s R&D input. FDI and international trade also has positive effect on the high - tech industry. The property right system reform can improve the development of high - tech industry.%政府研发投入、人力资本知识溢出、国际贸易知识溢出、FDI知识溢出以及产权制度改革对高新技术产业都有很重要的影响.实证研究结果表明,对于经济相对落后的地区,政府的财政投入和人力资本培育具有积极影响,应该加大政府的科技资源倾斜力度.FDI和国际贸易对高新技术产业绩效也有正面影响,市场化的产权制度改革也是推动高新技术产业发展的重要因素.

  20. The VLT Unravels the Nature of the Fastest Binary Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    Two Hot White Dwarfs Perform a Tight Dance Summary Observations with ESO's Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile and the Italian Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) on the Canary Islands during the past two years have enabled an international group of astronomers [1] to unravel the true nature of an exceptional binary stellar system. This system, designated RX J0806.3+1527 , was first discovered as an X-ray source of variable brightness - once every five minutes, it "switches off" for a short moment. The new observations have shown beyond doubt that this period reflects the orbital motion of two "white dwarf" stars that revolve around each other at a distance of only 80,000 km . Each of the stars is about as large as the Earth and this is the shortest orbital period known for any binary stellar system. The VLT spectrum displays lines of ionized helium, indicating that the presence of an exceedingly hot area on one of the stars - a "hot spot" with a temperature of approx. 250,000 degrees. The system is currently in a rarely seen, transitory evolutionary state . PR Photo 10a/02 : U- and R-band images of RX J0806.3+1527. PR Photo 10b/02 : Spectrum of RX J0806.3+1527 An amazing stellar binary system ESO PR Photo 10a/02 ESO PR Photo 10a/02 [Preview - JPEG: 800 x 400 pix - 440k] [Normal - JPEG: 1600 x 800 pix - 1.1M] Caption : PR Photo 10a/02 shows U and R filter images of the sky field around RX J0806.3+1527 (at centre of circle), obtained with the FORS2 multi-mode instrument on VLT KUEYEN. The object is brightest at the shorter wavelength (U-band) - reflecting its very high temperature. Technical information about the photo is available below. One year is the time it takes the Earth to move once around the Sun, our central star. This may seem quite fast when measured on the scale of the Universe, but this is a snail's motion compared to the the speed of two recently discovered stars. They revolve around each other 100,000 times faster; one full revolution takes only 321

  1. Use of video systems in securing nuclear facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakharko, Eleonora; Weizel, Udo [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit mbH (GRS), Koeln (Germany); Rduch, Alexander

    2010-07-01

    Current paper considers application of video systems, so called Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV), in physical protection of nuclear facilities. CCTV is being used for general surveillance tasks, for alarm assessment, for detection purposes and is crucial for the efficient operation of physical protection system in whole. The main parts of general design layout are being analyzed: i.e. image obtaining, signal transmission, signal processing and signal visualization is being provided. It is underlined, that the general trend of high tech solutions in the field of physical protection is in particular based on innovations in the applications with video systems (orig.)

  2. The use of high-tech means to carry out repair improve intact rate of medical equipment%利用高科技手段开展维修提高医疗设备完好率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金堂; 董霞

    2014-01-01

    目的:提高医疗设备完好率和利用率,使医院取得更好的社会效益和经济效益。方法:通过培养高科技人才,利用高科技手段,使用高科技维修工具,科学维修和保养,加强外部联系,充分利用社会资源,改变传统维修模式。结果:逐步建设一支高水平的设备维修队伍,充分利用计算机及其网络,使用新型维修工具,提高维修质量,充分利用社会资源,保障医疗设备的完好率。结论:提高了医疗设备的完好率,充分发挥现代化医疗设备的综合效益,为医院创造更大的社会效益和经济效益。%Objective:To improve equipment intact rate and utilization rate, make the hospital better social and economic benefits. Methods:Through the cultivation of high-tech talent, the use of high-tech means, the use of high-tech repair tools, repair and maintenance of science, strengthening external relations, making full use of social resources. Results:Construction of a high level of equipment repair team gradually, make full use of computer and network, the use of new tools to improve the quality of repair, repair. Scientific maintenance and repair, make full use of social resources, ensure medical equipment intact rate. Conclusion:Improve the medical equipment intact rate;give full play to the comprehensive benefits of modern medical equipment, to create greater social and economic benefits for the hospital.

  3. The Technology Talents' Responsible Innovation and the Scientific Development of High-tech Companies%科技人才负责任创新与高新企业科学发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房宏君

    2015-01-01

    Responsible innovation(RI) is an important frontier and key focus of the research on innovations in the field of domestic and foreign current. To explore the practical path of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy effectively, this paper puts forward the important concept of science and technology talents' responsible innovation and takes scientific exploration of its meaning, nature and characteristics based on the foreign frontier theory research and practice results on responsible innovation in recent years. This paper builds a theoretical model of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation based on the scientific definition of the relevant variables dimensions, and find the internal mechanism and intermediary path of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation deeply. The paper enriches the theoretical system of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy and provides an important reference for the practice of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation.%负责任创新(RI)是当前国内外创新领域研究的重要前沿和关键热点。为了有效探索科技创新驱动发展战略的实践路径,文章基于近几年国外较为前沿的负责任创新理论研究与实践成果,提出了科技人才负责任创新这一重要概念,科学探析其内涵、本质与特征并在科学界定相关变量维度基础上,构建了科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的理论模型,深入挖掘科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的内在机理和中介路径,丰富了科技创新驱动发展的理论体系,为科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的具体实践提供重要参考。

  4. Surface composition of Europa based on VLT observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligier, N.; Poulet, F.; Carter, J.

    2016-12-01

    Jupiter's moon Europa may harbor a global salty ocean under an 80-170 km thick outer layer consisting of an icy crust (Anderson et al. 1998). Meanwhile, the 10-50 My old surface, dated by cratering rates (Pappalardo et al. 1999) implies rapid surface recycling and reprocessing that could result in tectonic activity (Kattenhorn et al. 2014) and plumes (Roth et al. 2014). The surface could thus exhibit fingerprints of chemical species, as minerals characteristics of an ocean-mantle interaction and/or organics of exobiological interest, directly originating from the subglacial ocean. In order to re-investigate the composition of Europa's surface, a global mapping campaign of the satellite was performed with the near-infrared integral field spectrograph SINFONI on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. The high spectral binning of this instrument (0.5 nm) and large signal noise ratio in comparison to previous observations are adequate to detect sharp absorptions in the wavelength range 1.45-2.45 μm. In addition, the spatially resolved spectra we obtained over five epochs nearly cover the entire surface of Europa with a pixel scale of 12.5 by 25 m.a.s ( 35 by 70 km on Europa's surface), thus permitting a global scale study. Several icy and non-icy compounds were detected and mapped at process likely engendered by the Io plasma torus, the crystalline form is found to be approximately twice as abundant as the amorphous ice based on the analysis of the 1.65 μm band. If the surface is dominated by small and mid-sized water ice grains (25-200 μm), crystalline water-ice grains exhibit spatial inhomogeneities in their distribution. The sulfuric acid hydrate distribution exhibits the typical "bullseye" feature on the trailing hemisphere. The presence of Mg-bearing chlorinated salts (chloride, chlorate, and perchlorate) is supported by linear spectral modeling of the data, while the presence of sulfate salts is challenged. The distribution of some of these species is

  5. Saturn's Doppler velocimetry wind measurements with VLT/UVES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Miguel; Mota Machado, Pedro; Luz, David; Sanchez-Lavega, Agustin; Hueso, Ricardo; Peralta, Javier

    2016-10-01

    We present Doppler wind velocity results of Saturn's zonal flow at ~0.4 mbar pressure level. Our aim is help to constrain the characterization of the equatorial jet at the referred altitude and the latitudinal variation of the zonal winds, to contribute to monitor the spatial and temporal variability in order to achieve a better understanding of the dynamics of Saturn's zonal winds, which Sánchez-Lavega et al. (2003, Nature, 423, 623) have found to have strongly changed in recent years, as the planet approached southern summer solstice.The UVES/VLT instrument has been used, which simultaneously achieves high spectral resolving power and high spatial resolution. The field has been derotated in order to have the aperture aligned perpendicularly to Saturn's rotation axis. In this configuration, spatial information in the East-West direction is preserved in a set of spectra in the direction perpendicular to dispersion.The technique of absolute accelerometry (AA, Connes, 1985, ApSS 110, 211) has been applied to the backscattered solar spectrum in order to determine the Doppler shift associated with the zonal circulation. Our measurements have been made in the wavelength range of 480-680 nm. Previously we successfully adapted this Doppler velocimetry technique for measuring winds at Venus cloud tops (Machado et al. 2012).The observations consisted of 4 blocks of 15 exposures of 90 sec, plus two shorter blocks of 9 exposures, totalling 7.3 hours of telescope time. In order to cover the whole disk the aperture has been offset by 1 arcsec in the North-South direction between consecutive exposures. Most of the northern hemisphere was covered by the rings. Saturn's diameter was 17.4 arcsec, and the slit aperture was 0.3x25 arcsec. The aperture offset between consecutive exposures was 1 arcsec. Two observations blocks of 9 exposures only covered the central part of the disk, and four others covered the whole disk. The sub-terrestrial point was at -26.1 degrees South. The

  6. On Independent Innovation Capability of Domestic Enterprises——Data Analysis Based on the Export of High - tech Products%对我国企业自主创新能力的探讨——基于高技术产品出口数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜永廷

    2011-01-01

    从高技术产品占对外贸易的比重、贸易竞争力指数、贸易方式、出口的企业类型分布以及高技术产业增加值的企业类型分布等角度,分析我国高技术产品的出口情况.认为我国高技术产品出口及其占世界份额的迅猛增长,实质是建立在外资绝对控制的、对国外高技术产品进口高度依赖的、加工贸易占主导地位基础之上的.我国高技术产品出口繁荣表象的背后,是我国企业自主创新能力的不足和对发达国家严重的技术依赖.我国企业的自主创新能力亟待提升.%This article analyzes China's exports of high -tech products from the following points of view: the proportion of foreign trade which high - tech exports account for, trade competitiveness index, modes of trade, distribution of export business types, distribution types of value - added high - tech enterprises.The paper puts forward that China's high - tech exports and their rapid growth are based on absolute control of foreign capital, highly dependent on imports of foreign high -tech products, and dominated by processing trade.Behind the prosperity of high - tech exports, domestic enterprises are lacking in independent innovation capacity and highly depending on the technologies from developed countries.The independent innovation capability of domestic enterprises urgently needs upgrading.

  7. The Research about the Shaanxi Province High-tech Zone’s Industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI--An Empirical Analysis Based on 3 High-tech Zones’ Panel Data%陕西省高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出效应研究--基于三个高新区面板数据的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利晓

    2015-01-01

    利用2007-2012年陕西省三个国家级高新区及城市面板数据,将产业集聚与FDI纳入同一经济计量模型,研究高新区产业集聚、FDI技术溢出对城市经济增长的影响,验证产业集聚与FDI技术溢出的交互影响作用。结果表明:产业集聚弹性为0.2307,显著正向促进高新区所在城市经济增长;交互作用下,除劳动投入在5%统计水平上正向显著外,资本投入、产业集聚、产业集聚与FDI交互项均在1%统计水平上正向显著;高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出相互促进共同显著促进了城市经济增长与技术进步。%Based On the 3 high-tech zones’ panel data of Shaanxi Province from 2007 to 2012,this paper puts Industry Agglomeration with the FDI into the same econometric model,researches the impact of high-tech zone’s industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI on city economic growth,and verifies the inter⁃action of the Industry Agglomeration and FDI. The empirical analysis indicates Industry Agglomeration promotes economic growth significantly,the marginal effect of industrial agglomeration to city economic growth is 0.2307, which is larger than the other factor input. Under the interaction capital investment,industrial agglomeration,in⁃dustrial agglomeration and FDI’ s interaction are one percent statistical level significantly positive but the labor input is five percent statistical level significantly positive to city economic growth;high-tech zone industrial ag⁃glomeration and FDI technology spillover are in mutual promotion,and they commonly promotes the city econom⁃ic growth .

  8. 基于胜任力的人才招募初探%Study of Talent Recruitment Based on Competency Model in Small and Medium Sized High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小金

    2011-01-01

    中小型高新技术企业运用胜任力模型进行人才招募,不仅可以体现企业的战略和文化,还考察了员工最核心的品质,可为企业选出了最具有胜任力的员工。%Using the competency model for talent recruitment in small and medium sized high-tech company,it not only reflects the company's strategy and culture,but also reflects the core quality of the employees.Competency employees are selected by this method.Furthermore,the company is always maintains a dominant position in the competition.

  9. 我国高技术产业创新效率的时间演变与地区分布特征%Temporal Process and Regional Distribution Characteristics of China’s High-tech Industry Innovation Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓光

    2015-01-01

    在创新资源有限条件下,研究如何提高我国高技术产业的创新效率,推进“中国制造2025”和“一带一路”战略,有重大意义。在前人研究基础上,借助多产出随机前沿分析模型对2008-2013年中国30个省级地区高技术产业技术创新超越对数生产函数进行了参数估计,继而测算出各地区2008-2013年的创新技术效率、规模效率和总技术效率值,并分析了影响技术效率的因素。结论表明:中国高技术产业创新技术效率与企业规模、市场结构、政府投入力度、研发支出结构呈正向关系,与经济发展水平呈负向关系;2008-2013年,中国大部分省级地区高技术产业的创新技术效率值整体呈现波动式上升趋势,仅在2009-2010年间受全球金融危机干扰呈现短暂的下降变化;中国30个省级地区高技术产业创新技术效率呈现稳健的差异现象,分布格局类似于经济发展水平分布;各地区规模效率水平均大于技术效率水平,是总技术效率水平增长的主要源泉。%This paper makes parameter estimation on technology innovation production function of high-tech industry of China’s 30 provincial-level regions from 2008 to 2013 by means of multi-output stochastic frontier model,and then measures out the regional technical efficiency,the scale efficiency and total technical efficiency from 2008 to 2013,and last analyzes the affecting factors of technical efficiency. Conclusions show that:there is a positive relationship between the Chinese high-tech industry innovation efficiency and firm size,market structure,government funding and R&D expenditure structure,but not with the level of economic development;most provincial high-tech innovation efficiency showed a fluctuating upward trend from 2008 to 2013,only from 2009 to 2010 presenting a transient decrease interference change,which was influenced by the global financial crisis;technical innovation

  10. GEOGRAPHICAL PATTERN AND GEOGRAPHICAL CONCENTRATION OF CHINESE NEW AND HIGH TECH INDUSTRIES%中国高新技术产业的地理格局与地理集中

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维阳; 段学军; 高金龙; 刘剑

    2011-01-01

    Compared with the traditional industries,new and high tech industries has more strongly inherent requirement for geographic concentration,which leads to the significant difference in geographical pattern.The article attempts to study the status of new and high tech industries geographical pattern and geographical concentration and the change trend separately from the industry as a whole and sub-sectors from the perspective of geography.This research combines with the time series data and cross section data of 2008,is base on the existing related research methods and empirical analysis.The research methods include regional Gini coefficient,geographic concentration and the geographic distribution measurement method.The research shows that new and high tech industries highly concentrated in the coastal provinces,together with Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces,the provincial gap is wide.The share of new and high tech industries output value is significantly associated with economic development.Time series analysis shows that the concentration of industry continued to improve for a long time scale,while the tendency tended to be stable in recent years.The geographical pattern is clear gradually and the core provinces are highlighted.Due to the different nature,development foundation,resources demand and market group,different industries has different centralized situation and development trend.%与传统产业相比,高新技术产业对地理集中具有更加强烈的内在要求,这导致其地理格局与传统产业具有明显的差别。在产业集中指数等相关理论方法和实证分析的基础上,力图从地理学视角,结合高新技术产业的时间序列数据和2008年断面数据,从整体产业和分行业研究了高新技术产业地理格局和地理集中的现状和变动趋势。研究发现,我国高新技术产业高度集中在沿海省区和陕、川两省,省区间差距悬殊;高新技术产业产值份额同经济发展显著相关。

  11. 武汉市高端装备制造业创新发展的路径研究%The Route Study on the Creation and Development of High Tech Equipment Manufacturing Industry in Wuhan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥朝阳; 唐寅; 谭畅

    2013-01-01

    The high tech equipment manufacturing industry has become the important engine at present to drive the up-grading of the whole equipment manufacturing industry, is the important support for the development of the strategic and new-ly born industry. Although the foundation for the equipment manufacturing industry in Wuhan is better, yet in the side of the high tech equipment manufacturing exists the problems, such as the small scale of the production output and the incomplete industrial link. The reason lies in the consciousness of collaborative development, research cooperation and capital operation are grossly inadequate. Therefore, through integrating self-innovation,cooperating innovation and acquisitions and other mea-sures to promote the innovative development of high-end equipment manufacturing in Wuhan.%作为带动整个装备制造产业升级的重要引擎,高端装备制造产业是战略新兴产业发展的重要支撑。尽管武汉市装备制造业整体基础较好,但高端装备制造产业存在着规模偏小、产业链不完整等问题。其原因在于企业协同发展意识、产学研合作意识、资本运作意识等方面存在严重不足。因此,应通过自主创新、协同创新与并购融合创新等措施促进武汉市高端装备制造业的发展。

  12. 后危机时代中国高技术产品出口变化与对策%The Changes and Countermeasure of China’s High - tech Products Export from International Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方旖旎

    2014-01-01

    From the international financial crisis to now ,the export of China’s High - tech products export has expanded , and its international status has improved .This paper analyzes the changes and reasons about scale ,field of product technology ,export trade part-ner ,trade mode ,corporation type and product origin .On these basis , it points that government should implement commercial diplomacy , extend non - actionable subsidy and enlarge public finance investment in scientific research .And enterprises should enhance the added val-ue of the export products , and join the international strategic alliance . Then we can promote the sustained and healthy development of China’s high - tech products export .%国际金融危机爆发以来,中国高技术产品出口规模不断扩大,国际地位日益提升。本文对国际金融危机以来中国高技术产品出口规模、产品技术领域、出口市场、贸易方式、企业主体类型与来源地等5个方面的变动及其原因进行分析。为促进中国高技术产品出口持续健康发展,认为政府应实施商务外交、扩大不可申诉补贴、加大财政对科研投入力度,企业应提高出口产品附加值,加入跨国战略联盟。

  13. Question and Countermeasure Analysis on High-tech Product Export in Jilin Province%吉林省高新技术产品出口存在的问题及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟振宇

    2011-01-01

    With the intense competition of international trade, the high-tech product with high added value and high technique content becomes the most competitive and most preponderant product in the international trade export products.Therefore,the high-tech product export competition is very important in the international export trade competition.Not only the Jilin Province products outlet proportion for optimized Jilin Province's trade structure,enhanced the export commodity quality and the benefit,also promoted the entire province technology advancement,the industrial upgrading and the national economy effectively continues the healthy development fast,to promoted Jilin Province foreign trade export development important function.%随着国际贸易竞争的加剧,附加值高、技术含量高的高新技术产品成为国际贸易出口产品中最具有竞争力最有优势的产品。因此,高新技术产品的出口竞争在国际间出口贸易竞争中极为重要。吉林省高新技术产品出口比重的提高不仅优化了吉林省的贸易结构,提高了出口商品质量和效益,也有效地促进了全省技术进步、产业升级和国民经济快速持续健康发展,对促进吉林省对外贸易出口的发展起到了重要的作用。

  14. Discussion on high-growth high-tech industrial enterprises in the financial evaluation%高成长性高科技工业企业财务评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊军红

    2012-01-01

    高科技工业企业经营上短期债务风险大、股权结构分散、员工比较高端和技术密集型研发投入高等特点决定中小型高科技工业企业成长性评价应当从技术创新能力、人力资本能力、财务潜力、市场和公共关系能力四个方面入手。高科技工业企业成长性财务指标的选取及分析主要包括偿债能力评价指标、运营能力评价指标、获利能力评价指标、成长能力评价指标;成长性非财务指标的选取分析主要包括管理层面、人力资源层面、市场层面。%High-tech industrial enterprise risk management on short-term debt, dispersed ownership structure, star! and more technology-intensive high-end and high R & D investment decisions of small and medium high-teeh industrial enterprises should evaluate growth from technological innovation, human capital, capacity, financial potential, market and public relations capacity four-pronged approach. High-tech industrial enterprises in the selection of growth and analysis of financial indicators including solvency evaluation, operational capacity evaluation, profitability evaluation, the ability to grow evaluation; growth analysis of selected non-financial indicators, including management level, human resource level, market level.

  15. Impact of Multi Technological Spillover Channels on Innovation of High-tech Industry%多技术溢出渠道对我国高技术产业创新的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹亮

    2011-01-01

    This paper empirically studies the impacts of national and intemational technology spillover channels, like FDI, technology import, export and public,R&D, on innovation performance of Chinese high-tech industry. The results show firm's domestic R&D investment forms the base of its innovation; public R&D of Universities and Research Institute is the key factor; participating international competition through learn-by-export is must-go of upgrading innovative capabilities. However inward FDI and technology import didn' t bring innovative imitation or leak technology to high-tech industry%本文实证分析了包括FDI、进出口和公共R&D等国内外不同技术溢出渠道对中国高技术产业的专利创新和新产品创新绩效的影响,结果表明产业自身的研发投入是产业创新的基础;高校和科研院所的公共研发是影响我国高技术产业创新的关键因素;通过出口学习参与国际市场竞争是提升产业学习能力和创新能力的必经之路;FDI流入和技术引进没有给产业带来模仿创新和技术泄露。

  16. zCOSMOS : A large VLT/VIMOS redshift survey covering 0

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lilly, S. J.; Le Fevre, O.; Renzini, A.; Zamorani, G.; Scodeggio, M.; Contini, T.; Carollo, C. M.; Hasinger, G.; Kneib, J.-P.; Iovino, A.; Le Brun, V.; Maier, C.; Mainieri, V.; Mignoli, M.; Silverman, J.; Tasca, L. A. M.; Bolzonella, M.; Bongiorno, A.; Bottini, D.; Capak, P.; Caputi, K.; Cimatti, A.; Cucciati, O.; Daddi, E.; Feldmann, R.; Franzetti, P.; Garilli, B.; Guzzo, L.; Ilbert, O.; Kampczyk, P.; Kovac, K.; Lamareille, F.; Leauthaud, A.; Le Borgne, J.-F.; McCracken, H. J.; Marinoni, C.; Pello, R.; Ricciardelli, E.; Scarlata, C.; Vergani, D.; Sanders, D. B.; Schinnerer, E.; Scoville, N.; Taniguchi, Y.; Arnouts, S.; Aussel, H.; Bardelli, S.; Brusa, M.; Cappi, A.; Ciliegi, P.; Finoguenov, A.; Foucaud, S.; Franceschini, R.; Halliday, C.; Impey, C.; Knobel, C.; Koekemoer, A.; Kurk, J.; Maccagni, D.; Maddox, S.; Marano, B.; Marconi, G.; Meneux, B.; Mobasher, B.; Moreau, C.; Peacock, J. A.; Porciani, C.; Pozzetti, L.; Scaramella, R.; Schiminovich, D.; Shopbell, P.; Smail, I.; Thompson, D.; Tresse, L.; Vettolani, G.; Zanichelli, A.; Zucca, E.

    2007-01-01

    zCOSMOS is a large-redshift survey that is being undertaken in the COSMOS field using 600 hr of observation with the VIMOS spectrograph on the 8mVLT. The survey is designed to characterize the environments of COSMOS galaxies from the 100 kpc scales of galaxy groups up to the 100 Mpc scale of the cos

  17. Motion control solution for new PLC-based standard development platform for VLT instrument control systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovic, D.; Brast, R.; Di Lieto, N.; Kiekebusch, M.; Knudstrup, J.; Lucuix, C.

    2014-07-01

    More than a decade ago, due to obsolescence issues, ESO initiated the design and implementation of a custom-made CANbus based motion controller (CAN-RMC) to provide, together with a tailor-made software library (motor library), the motion control capabilities for the VME platform needed for the second generation VLT/VLTI instruments. The CAN-RMC controller has been successfully used in a number of VLT instruments but it has high production costs compared to the commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) industrial solutions available on the market today. In the scope of the selection of a new PLC-based platform for the VLT instrument control systems, ESO has evaluated motion control solutions from the company Beckhoff. This paper presents the investigation, implementation and testing of the PLC/TwinCAT/EtherCAT motion controllers for DC and stepper motors and their adaptation and integration into the VLT instrumentation framework. It reports functional and performance test results for the most typical use cases of astronomical instruments like initialization sequences, tracking, switch position detections, backslash compensation, brake handling, etc. In addition, it gives an overview of the main features of TwinCAT NC/PTP, PLCopen MC, EtherCAT motion control terminals and the engineering tools like TwinCAT Scope that are integrated into the development environment and simplify software development, testing and commissioning of motorized instrument functions.

  18. The Cepheid Distance to NGC 5236 (M 83) with the VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thim, F.; Tammann, G. A.; Saha, A.; Dolphin, A.; Sandage, A.; Tolstoy, E.; Labhardt, L.

    2003-01-01

    Published in: Astrophys. J. 590 (2003) 256-270 citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: Cepheids have been observed in NGC 5236 (M 83) using the ANTU (UT1) 8.2 meter telescope of the ESO VLT with FORS1. Observations over 34 epochs in V and I have been made between January 2000 and Ju

  19. OmegaCAM: the 16k × 16k Survey Camera for the VLT Survey Telescope

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deul, Erik; Kuijken, Konrad; Valentijn, Edwin A.; Tyson, J. Anthony; Wolff, Sidney

    2002-01-01

    OmegaCAM, a 16k×16k-pixel wide field optical camera, and the VLT Survey Telescope (VST) that is to host it, will constitute a major sky surveying machine that becomes operational in 2004 at ESO"s Paranal Observatory. It maps one square degree of sky with 0.21 arcsec sized pixels. Both individual pro

  20. The VLT LBG Redshift Survey - I. Clustering and dynamics of ≈1000 galaxies at z≈ 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bielby, R. M.; Shanks, T.; Weilbacher, P. M.; Infante, L.; Crighton, N. H. M.; Bornancini, C.; Bouché, N.; Héraudeau, P.; Lambas, D. G.; Lowenthal, J.; Minniti, D.; Padilla, N.; Petitjean, P.; Theuns, T.

    2011-01-01

    We present the initial imaging and spectroscopic data acquired as part of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) VIMOS Lyman-break galaxy Survey. UBR (or UBVI) imaging covers five ≈36 × 36 arcmin2 fields centred on bright z > 3 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs), allowing ≈21 000 2

  1. MOONS: a multi-object optical and near-infrared spectrograph for the VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirasuolo, M.; Afonso, J.; Bender, R.; Bonifacio, P.; Evans, C.; Kaper, L.; Oliva, Ernesto; Vanzi, Leonardo; Abreu, Manuel; Atad-Ettedgui, Eli; Babusiaux, Carine; Bauer, Franz E.; Best, Philip; Bezawada, Naidu; Bryson, Ian R.; Cabral, Alexandre; Caputi, Karina; Centrone, Mauro; Chemla, Fanny; Cimatti, Andrea; Cioni, Maria-Rosa; Clementini, Gisella; Coelho, João.; Daddi, Emanuele; Dunlop, James S.; Feltzing, Sofia; Ferguson, Annette; Flores, Hector; Fontana, Adriano; Fynbo, Johan; Garilli, Bianca; Glauser, Adrian M.; Guinouard, Isabelle; Hammer, Jean-François; Hastings, Peter R.; Hess, Hans-Joachim; Ivison, Rob J.; Jagourel, Pascal; Jarvis, Matt; Kauffman, G.; Lawrence, A.; Lee, D.; Li Causi, G.; Lilly, S.; Lorenzetti, D.; Maiolino, R.; Mannucci, F.; McLure, R.; Minniti, D.; Montgomery, D.; Muschielok, B.; Nandra, K.; Navarro, R.; Norberg, P.; Origlia, L.; Padilla, N.; Peacock, J.; Pedicini, F.; Pentericci, L.; Pragt, J.; Puech, M.; Randich, S.; Renzini, A.; Ryde, N.; Rodrigues, M.; Royer, F.; Saglia, R.; Sánchez, A.; Schnetler, H.; Sobral, D.; Speziali, R.; Todd, S.; Tolstoy, E.; Torres, M.; Venema, L.; Vitali, F.; Wegner, M.; Wells, M.; Wild, V.; Wright, G.

    2012-01-01

    MOONS is a new conceptual design for a Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph for the Very Large Telescope (VLT), selected by ESO for a Phase A study. The baseline design consists of ~1000 fibers deployable over a field of view of ~500 square arcmin, the largest patrol field offered by

  2. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey: I. Introduction and observational overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evans, C.J.; Taylor, W.D.; Hénault-Brunet, V.; Sana, H.A.A.; de Koter, A.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Carraro, G.; Bagnoli, T.; Bastian, N.; Bestenlehner, J.M.; Bonanos, A.Z.; Bressert, E.; Brott, I.; Campbell, M.A.; Cantiello, M.; Clark, J.S.; Costa, E.; Crowther, P.A.; de Mink, S.E.; Doran, E.; Dufton, P.L.; Dunstall, P.R.; Friedrich, K.; Garcia, M.; Gieles, M.; Gräfener, G.; Herrero, A.; Howarth, I.D.; Izzard, R.G.; Langer, N.; Lennon, D.J.; Maiz Apellániz, J.; Markova, N.; Najarro, F.; Puls, J.; Ramirez, O.H.; Sabín-Sanjulián, C.; Smartt, S.J.; Stroud, V.E.; van Loon, J.T.; Vink, J.S.; Walborn, N.R.

    2011-01-01

    The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (VFTS) is an ESO Large Programme that has obtained multi-epoch optical spectroscopy of over 800 massive stars in the 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Here we introduce our scientific motivations and give an overview of the survey targets, includi

  3. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. I. Introduction and observational overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evans, C.J.; Taylor, W.D.; de Koter, A.; Brott, I.; Walborn, N.R.

    2011-01-01

    The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (VFTS) is an ESO Large Programme that has obtained multi-epoch optical spectroscopy of over 800 massive stars in the 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Here we introduce our scientific motivations and give an overview of the survey targets, includi

  4. Alcohol affects video lottery terminal (VLT) gambling behaviors and cognitions differently.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellery, Michael; Stewart, Sherry H

    2014-03-01

    People frequently combine alcohol use and gambling. However, our understanding of the effects of alcohol on gambling behavior is limited, both in terms of what the effects are and how they occur. The effects of a moderately intoxicating dose of alcohol (i.e., a blood alcohol concentration of .06 g%) on the video lottery terminal (VLT) gambling behaviors and cognitions of community-recruited nonpathological (n = 30) and probable pathological gamblers (n = 30) were compared. Alcohol increased the rate of double up betting (i.e., choosing to play a bonus game, after a winning video poker hand, which involves trying to pick a higher ranked card than the dealer's card from among 5 face down cards) of probable pathological gamblers, but did not influence their irrational beliefs about VLT play. Alcohol maintained the irrational beliefs about VLT play of nonpathological gamblers, but did not influence their gambling behaviors. Results are consistent with a growing body of research finding that gambling cognitions have an equivocal role in explaining actual gambling behaviors. Potential mechanisms for the observed effects are discussed. Applied implications discussed include: educating regular VLT players about the effects of alcohol on irrational gambling cognitions; reconsidering policies and practices that make alcohol available where machine gambling takes place; and targeting even moderate alcohol use in the treatment of gambling problems.

  5. The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. XXII. Multiplicity properties of the B-type stars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dunstall, P.R.; Dufton, P.L.; Sana, H.; Evans, C.J.; Howarth, I.D.; Simón-Díaz, S.; de Mink, S.E.; Langer, N.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Taylor, W.D.

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the multiplicity properties of 408 B-type stars observed in the 30 Doradus region of the Large Magellanic Cloud with multi-epoch spectroscopy from the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (VFTS). We use a cross-correlation method to estimate relative radial velocities from the helium and metal

  6. VIMOS-VLT and Spitzer observations of a radio galaxy at z=2.5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Villar-Martin, M; Sanchez, SF; De Breuck, C; Peletier, R; Vernet, J; Rettura, A; Seymour, N; Humphrey, A; Stern, D; Alighieri, SD; Fosbury, R

    2006-01-01

    We present: (i) a kinematic and morphological study of the giant Ly alpha nebula associated with the radio galaxy MRC 2104-242 (z = 2.49) based on integral field spectroscopic Visible Multiobject Spectrograph (VIMOS) data from the Very Large Telescope (VLT), and (ii) a photometric study of the host

  7. Data Mining for Double Stars on VLT Survey Telescope Image Archive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curelaru, Lucian

    2017-04-01

    The article presents a set of methods and tools used to identify and measure double stars on already existing images produced by the ESO VLT Survey Telescope in Paranal Chile. A precision analysis and a first set of measurements are included.

  8. Banks’ Influence, through Tailor Made Services Offered to Tourists, on Encouraging International Transit: High-Tech Tourism of the 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurora Costina Lincă

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In addition to basic indicators which determine the level of tourism at national and worldwidelevel, the alternative methods stand out increasingly more, helping to a deeper understanding oftravel preferences that people have. When deciding whether to be a tourist or not, what matter areboth the intrinsic motivation and environmental factors created particularly to facilitate therespective journey. Commercial banks in Romania have understood that, in order to survive in acompetitive environment (over 35 commercial banks are sharing the same market, they must adaptto customer needs and be receptive to partnerships with other industries. Thus, they launchedvarious types of cards with facilities for persons who travel and, by intense promotion, the banksurge other customers to become tourists. Considering these assumptions, the current paperanalyzes quantitatively the transactions at ATMs abroad and the number of Romanian outgoingtourists (people residing in Romania.

  9. 中国高新技术产业税收优惠政策文本量化研究%Textual and quantitative research on China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄萃; 苏竣; 施丽萍; 程啸天

    2011-01-01

    Tax incentives have positive effects on promoting high-tech industries.Since mid 1980s,China has formulated a series of tax preferential policies to encourage and promote the development of relevant high-tech industries in China.About one hundred China's tax preferential policy documents on high-tech industries ranging from 1987 to 2008 are selected first time and then frequency analysis and quantitative analysis on them are conducted from four dimensions,which are annual policy promulgation,subjects of preferential policies,categories of preferential taxes,and measures of tax preferential policies.These analyses reveal the general situation of China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries and the development process,but at the same time,it is also found that China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries have four-category problems in enhancing China's independent innovation capability.First,these policies display an obvious time-phase characteristic and an imbalance in annual frequency and density,and consequentially their continuity and stability need to be further improved;second,benefits of tax incentives are more focused on regions and are lack of industry orientation;third,categories of preferential taxes are primarily related to income tax and VAT tax in order to support the production inputs and the transformation of research findings by innovation enterprises,and therefore these preferential polices are lack of effective incentives towards the RD process of enterprises;fourth,measures of tax incentives are mainly in the form of direct reduction of tax rate or amount,and less resort to indirect means,such as investment credits,accelerated depreciation,RD costs deduction or tax credit,technology development fund extraction,etc.Comments and suggestions are proposed in here to address these problems.%税收优惠政策在推动高新技术产业发展方面具有积极作用。从20世纪80年代中期以来,中国制定了

  10. 基于神经网络的高技术项目投资风险综合评价模型%A Neural Network-based Model for the Evaluation of the Risk of Investing in High-tech Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新红

    2001-01-01

    With an analysis of the risk of investing in high-tech projects,this paper propeses a multitarget synthetic evaluation method based on neural network.The method can simulate the expert in evaluating the investing risk,thus avoiding the subjective mistakes in the evaluation process.The simulation test indicates that the results achieved by this method are satisfactory.

  11. 基于PanelData的金砖国家对美高技术产品出口竞争力及影响因素分析%BRIC Countries Export Competitiveness of High-tech Products to U. S. and Its Influencing Factors Analysis Based on Panel Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 李苗; 何维达

    2012-01-01

      以巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国、南非组成的金砖国家(BRICS),作为新兴经济代表,纷纷重视高技术产品的出口竞争.2010年金砖国家高技术产品出口总值达5008亿美元,占世界高技术产品出口的22.76%,而金砖国家在美国市场高技术产品的出口竞争成为新的焦点.本文旨在比较金砖国家对美高技术产品出口竞争力影响因素,挖掘金砖国家高技术产品出口的竞争优势,并借鉴金砖国家的成功经验,为中国提出对策建议,以增强中国对美高技术产品出口竞争力.%  BRIC countries of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS), as representatives of the emerging economies, have paid attention to high-tech products export competitiveness. BRIC countries high-tech products export value in 2010 amounted to $ 500. 8 billion, accounting for 22. 76 percent of the world's high-tech exports, while the BRIC countries become the new focus of high-tech products export competition in the U. S. market. This article aims to compare BRIC countries on competitiveness of high-tech products export to U. S. market, explore the competitive advantage of the BRIC countries high-tech exports, and to learn from the successful expe-rience of the BRIC countries so as to put forward suggestions for China to strengthen its high-tech exports competitive.

  12. 我对科技进步和发展高科技产业的研究%My Study of Scientific and Technological Advancement and High-Tech Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周叔莲

    2012-01-01

    上世纪70年代后期笔者由研究工业化而开始学习和研究科学技术问题,此后坚持长期跟踪研究。这些研究包括:从研究科学技术是生产力到研究科学技术是第一生产力;论证引进先进技术的必要性和重要性;研究现有企业技术改造;研究新技术革命的社会经济影响;研究发展高新技术产业的战略问题;等等。对研究工作的这种总结梳理,虽然展示的是一个长期致力于我国科技进步和发展高科技产业研究学者的理论成果和探索历程,但也间接反映出我国科技进步和发展高科技产业的理论和实践发展进程。%In late 1970s, the author shifted his research from industrialization to science and technology issues and kept follow-up studies thereafter. These studies include but not limited to the following: from studying science and technology as a productive force to studying science and technology as the primary productive force; justifying the necessity and significance to import advanced technologies; studying technological transformation of existing firms; studying the social and economic impacts of the new technological revolution; studying the strategic issues of develo- ping high-tech industries. While this type of retrospect of previous studies demonstrates the theoretical achievements and explorational process of a scholar who has devoted long-term efforts on our country ' s scientific and technological advancement and high-tech industry development, it indirectly reflects the theoretical and practical course of devel opment in our country's scientific and technological advancement and hizh-tech industry rlevelanmont

  13. 优势高技术金属矿产资源的策略性均衡价格及数值模拟%Strategic equilibrium price analysis and numerical simulation of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟美瑞; 谌杰宇; 朱学红; 黄健柏

    2013-01-01

    针对优势高技术金属矿产资源开发补偿价值体系及定价机制的扭曲,构建社会效用函数修正优势高技术金属矿产资源开发商决策效用函数,并把社会效用函数延伸到优势高技术金属矿产资源开发的斯坦克尔伯格产出决策博弈模型中。分析利他、非公平厌恶及序贯互动公平信念均衡对市场垄断程度的影响,进而分析产量与价格的变动趋势,并获得具有实验经济学意义的博弈公平均衡。通过数值模拟对博弈公平均衡进行算例验证。首次提出用生产者剩余变化来测度心理偏好产生的策略性价值的测度方法,为优势高技术金属矿产资源开发补偿价值体系完善提供技术支撑。%Based on exploitation compensation value system of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources and distortion of pricing mechanism, social utility function was constructed to modify decision utility function of developers, and was extended to Stackelberg production decision model of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources development. Analyzing the influences on market monopoly, output and price decision-making exerted by altruistic preferences, inequity aversion and sequential reciprocity fairness belief equilibrium, game fairness equilibrium which is significant in experimental economics can be obtained and verified by numerical simulation. In process of strategic pricing, method that uses the variation of producer surplus to measure strategic value from psychological preferences was proposed for the first time and technical support to improve exploitation compensation value system of preponderant metal mineral resources was available.

  14. Site Selection Evaluation of Chinese High-tech Industry Based on AHP%基于层次分析法的我国高新技术产业选址决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫伟; 胡登峰

    2013-01-01

    在我国实施创新驱动发展战略的背景下,运用层次分析法对我国高新技术产业的优化选址问题进行研究。以四个经济区域为选址对象,构建了以人力资源市场、产学研技术支持、地方政府政策、原材料供应情况、交通区位优势、区域生活幸福指数、区域金融机构放贷政策、区域创新网络建设、区域产业发展饱和度等9个准则的判断矩阵。经过MATLAB软件的计算,得出高新技术产业选址排列的优先顺序:合芜蚌新区、天津滨海新区、成渝经济区、浦东新区。最后简要分析原因并指出研究不足。%Under the in novation-driven development strategy,the paper studies the site selection issue for high-tech industries by using AHP. Four economic areas are taken as objects. The paper constructs a judg-ment matrix with nine factors including human resources market,research support,local government policies, raw materials supply,transport location advantages,regional happiness index,regional financial institutions lending policies,regional innovation network construction,and regional industrial development saturation. Through calculation with MATLAB software,we get a priority for the site selection of high-tech industries a-mong the four areas:Hefei-wuhu-bengbu new area,Tianjin-binhai new area and Pudong new area. Finally the reasons and the defects of the research are proposed.

  15. On High-tech Product Design Path:Taking Tesla Motors as an Example%高新技术产品设计方案的实现路径研究--以特斯拉汽车为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏宇

    2014-01-01

    在国家积极推进自主创新,促进设计服务与高新技术产业融合的背景下,特斯拉电动汽车作为一个高新技术产品,在新能源汽车市场和前景不容乐观的时候横空出世并取得辉煌成绩,其成功之路无疑值得探讨。从“大设计”的角度,以计划、组织、领导、控制为脉络,以创新分析为重点,变通运用SET模型和ISCO四维结构模型,从设计方案的诞生、设计方案实现的投入、创新主体、创新内容以及创新产出五个维度,对特斯拉汽车的成功路径进行剖析,展现特斯拉如何将工业设计与现代技术、管理、营销等领域完美融合的过程。%Tesla electric car as a high-tech product made brilliant achievements at a time when new energy vehicle market is not optimistic. With a background of China actively promoting independent innovation and integration of design services with high-tech industry, it’s important to study the success of Tesla. From the "big design" perspective, the paper takes planning, organizing, leading, controlling as context, with a focus on innovation analysis. It uses the SET and ISCO model structural to analyze the successful road of Tesla Motors from the birth of the design plan, the investment, innovation subjects, innovative contents and innovation outputs, which shows the perfect process of the fusion of the industrial design with modern technology, management, marketing and other areas by Tesla motors.

  16. The Study of Extensive Comprehensive Evaluation on Credit Risk for Small and Medium High-tech Enterprises%科技型中小企业信用风险的可拓综合评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆军; 张洁; 王效敏

    2015-01-01

    作为科技创新和科研成果转化的有效载体,科技型中小企业近年来发展迅猛,在引领新兴产业快速发展、突破产业技术瓶颈等方面发挥着非常重要的作用,然而融资问题一直是阻碍企业成长壮大的瓶颈。究其原因,是由于科技型中小企业存在规模小、经营风险高等特点,导致银行等金融机构“惜贷”或者外部风险投资机构对其投资持非常谨慎的态度。借助可拓学理论,采用理论与实证、定性与定量相结合的研究方法,主要目的在于对科技型中小企业的信用状况进行科学评价,尽可能降低双方的信息不对称,避免产生道德风险和逆向选择,解决融资难题。%As an effective carrier of technological innovation and scientific research transformation,the small and medium high-tech enterprises are developing rapidly in recent years. They are playing an increasingly important role in leading e-merging industries,upgrading traditional industries,breaking the bottleneck of industrial technology,and bringing a strong force for the development of the national economy. However,for a long time,the financing problem has been hindering the development of enterprises,and becoming a bottleneck to business growth and expansion. The reason is due to small scale, less tangible assets,and high operational risks,which lead to 'credit crunch'of banks and other financial institutions,or very cautious attitude of the external venture capital investment. In order to reduce the information asymmetry between the two sides,avoid moral hazard and adverse selection,and solve the financing problem,there is an urgent need for scientific evaluation of credit conditions for small and medium high-tech enterprises,as the basis for external investment agencies to invest.

  17. 在高新技术企业中建立团队网络组织的研究%A Study on Establishing Team-net Organization in New-high Tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈启勇; 华宏鸣

    2001-01-01

    It introduces the background and basic content of the organization theory of team-net,and the principle of its formulation;describes the influence of team-net organization to the new product development,technological innovation,and the development of new-high tech enterprises;analyzes the development trend of this type of organization,which is to form team-net cooperation among enterprises;and then discusses the necessity and possibility of establishing team-net in Chinese enterprises in this paper.%讨论了团队网络组织理论形成的背景、基本内容和组建原则,论述了团队网络组织对新产品开发、技术创新和高新技术企业发展的影响;这一组织形式的发展趋势——组建企业间的团队网络合作。最后讨论了团队网络组织在国内企业中实施的必要性和可能性。

  18. Medium-tech industries may be of greater importance to a local economy than 'High-tech' firms: new methods for measuring the knowledge base of an economic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolfsma, Wilfred; Leydesdorff, Loet

    2008-09-01

    In this paper we offer a way to measure the knowledge base of an economy in terms of probabilistic entropy. This measure, we hypothesize, is an indication of the extent to which a system, including the economic system, self-organizes. In a self-organizing system, interactions between dimensions or subsystems will unintentionally give rise to anticipations that are properly aligned. The potential reduction of uncertainty can be measured as negative entropy in the mutual information among three (or more) dimensions. For a knowledge-based economy, three dimensions can be considered as key: the distribution of firm sizes, the geographical locations, and the technological classifications of firms. Based on statistics of these three dimensions and drawing on a unique dataset of all Dutch firms registered with the Chambers of Commerce, we are able to refine well-known empirical findings for the geographical dimension. Counter-intuitive, however, are our empirical findings for the dimension of technology. Knowledge diffusion through medium-tech industry is much more important for a localized economy than knowledge creation in high-tech industry. Knowledge-intensive services tend to uncouple economic activities from the regional dimension.

  19. Potential and Challenges of Low-Cost and High-Tech Crowd-sensing Approaches in Hydrometeorology for Better Water Resources Management - Insights and Learnings from the Global iMoMo Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegfried, Tobias

    2016-04-01

    In developing and transition countries and despite significant global investments in hydrometeorology, data on water remain scarce/fragmented. One key reason is that traditional sensing in hydrology, hydro- and agro-meteorology does not scale because of high investment costs and difficult maintenance of traditional technology, esp. in remote and/or poor regions. Even where there are data, these are often difficult to access and interpret for local stakeholders due outdated data transmission and the lack of access to modern tools for data management/analysis/synthesis and exchange. In recent years, there have been substantial technology developments in environmental sensing and mobile communication technology that enable the application and deployment of affordable and scalable high-tech solutions for better water monitoring at different scales (local to transboundary levels). The WMO is acknowledging and promoting the potential for application of these technologies. One key aspect is to anchor these technologies in local communities that perform crowd-sensing tasks on a regular basis. The merits as well as challenges (including introduction of human factor, less accuracy as compared to traditional sensing, intermittency of data, …) of such approaches will be discussed in the context of the WMO-led Global iMoMo Initiative and its numerous activities on the ground in Eastern and Southern Africa as well as in Central Asia.

  20. 高新技术产品出口管制对一国产品创新的影响%Impact of High-tech Product Export Regulation on Country's Product Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群卉

    2012-01-01

    Based on the horizontal innovation model constructed by Grossman and Helpman,this paper analyzes the impact of country's export regulation on high-tech product innovation. The result shows as follows:if the seller donrt change product price,the moderate export regulation would benefit product innovation, while the harsh export regulation would do harm to product innovation:if the added cost is burden by the cus- tomer,export regulation would benefit product innovation.%基于Grossman和Helpman的水平创新理论,构建了一国的高新技术产品出口管制影响其产品创新的模型。结果表明:在企业不改变产品价格的情况下,适度的出口管制有利于本国的产品创新,但过于严格的出口管制会妨碍本国的产品创新;在消费者支出不变的情况下,如果企业提升产品价格,则出口管制会加快创新速度。

  1. 科技型中小企业国际化成长能力评价研究%The Evaluation on Capability of Internationalization Growth of High -tech SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王媛; 薛梦菲

    2014-01-01

    以平衡计分卡和三重底线思想为理论基础,建立我国科技型中小企业国际化成长能力的六维评价体系。指标包括财务、客户、内部流程、利益相关者、学习创新、成长能力六个方面,运用网络分析法(ANP)和超级决策软件确定权重系数,得到企业国际化成长能力等级。%Based on the philosophy of the Balanced Scorecard and Triple Bottom Line,this dissertation established a six -dimensional evaluation system to appraise the capability of internationalization growth of Chinese High -tech SMEs.The es-timation was from six aspects which were finance,customer,internal processes,stakeholders,innovation and the ability of growth.Then,we used ANP and Super Decisions software to determine the weighting factor.Ultimately it got the level of the capability of international growth.

  2. 装甲装备高新技术系统维修方案决策经济性分析%Economic Analysis of Maintenance Plan Decision Making for High Tech System of Armored Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓峰

    2015-01-01

    针对装甲装备高新技术系统维修过程中维修方案决策的经济性分析仍缺乏有效方法的现状,本文以实际维修的三级结构出发进行了经济性分析。首先分析了可行决策的描述方式和决策事件,然后建立了费用估算模型,并结合装甲装备火控系统的维修进行了实例分析,结果表明,本文提出的维修方案决策的经济性分析方法合理有效。%In view of the economic analysis of maintenance plan decision making in the maintenance process of the high tech system of armored equipment, this paper carries out the economic analysis on the three level structure of the actual maintenance. Firstly, the description method and decision event of feasible decision are analyzed, then the cost estimation model is established. An example analysis of the maintenance of the fire control system of armored equipment is carried out, and the results show that the method of economic analysis of maintenance plan decision is reasonable and effective.

  3. The Legality of the Government’s Reform and Innovation from the “New Model” of Settling Down of the Farmers of Xi’an High-tech Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianli Hui

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available China is now in a special stage of economic and social transferring. The reform and innovation needs stimulation and encouragement. The government’s exploration and practice in the usage of land should be taken with a tolerant view. The high-tech region of Xi’an takes a “comprehensive compensation” new model in the settling of the farmers, which adopts public, transparent, equal, fast and effective ways to protect the interest of the farmers, has been warmly welcomed and keep balance of the interests of the parties concerned. However in the practice there exist phenomena that do not go with public interest, do harm to the benefit of the farmers, and the role of the government misplaced, which publicly criticized. Through thorough study, the author of this paper believes that the new model of reform and innovation has a good result and can stimulate the smoothness of the development of the society, and in legal theory it has got lawfulness, so it needs to be explained in its value and in the precinct of public interest, in practice importance should be attached to its pre-conditions.

  4. Matter Element Extension Assessment Models of the Risks in High-tech Virtual Enterprise%高技术虚拟企业风险的可拓物元评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高长元; 王晓明; 李红霞

    2011-01-01

    高技术虚拟企业风险的量化是管理高技术虚拟企业风险的关键,针对风险因素权重的主观性特点,在分析其他学者对风险量化的基础上,采用可拓物元分析方法对风险因素权重进行修正,以提高各风险因素权重的客观性,并利用可拓物元理论对高技术虚似企业风险进行了评估.%The quantization of risks is core for risk management of high-tech virtual enterprise. According to the characteristics that the weights of risk factors are subjective, and analyzing of other scholars on the basis of quantitative risk. This paper investigates matter element extension assessment models to revise the weights of risk factors, improve the objectivity of each risk factor weight, and then enable the risk assessment of HTVE more precise.

  5. 海南荣丰花卉苗木高新技术产业园规划设计%The Planning and Design on Flowers Nursery Stock High-Tech Industrial Park of Rongfeng in Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆禹; 陈彩虹; 周丹华; 毛旭鹏; 孟伟

    2013-01-01

    According to Flowers Nursery Stock High -Tech Industrial Park of Rongfeng in Hainan and flowers nursery stock industry developmental status , with multidisciplinary theory and constructed the modern flowers nursery stock industrial park by considering the factors such as product production , market demand , related policy , natural condition , and cultural characteristics , planning a modern flowers nursery into product production , new product development , trade entails and logistics , sightseeing and expo , enter-tainment, wedding and holiday , reception and training .Which provided references for the planning and design of flowers nursery stock industry park .%从海南荣丰花卉苗木高新技术产业园和海南花卉苗木产业现状分析出发,结合多学科理论,综合考虑产品生产、市场需求、相关政策、自然条件、文化特色等因素,将园区规划为集产品生产、新产品研发、交易物流、观光博览、娱乐休闲、婚庆度假、接待培训等多功能为一体的现代化花卉苗木产业园,可为花卉苗木产业园的规划设计提供借鉴。

  6. Application Of BIM Technology In Travelsky Of High Tech Industry Park Project%BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建芯

    2016-01-01

    文章介绍了BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中各阶段的应用。从前期使用Revit搭建建筑信息模型,到中期各专业协同设计并应用naviswork进行管线综合,再到后期工程量计算及施工配合,笔者剖析了BIM在大型项目及复杂数据机房应用中的模型组织方法及BIM标准建立的重要性,借此总结了实践中的经验和体会。%This paper introduces the application of BIM technology in Travelsky of high tech Industry Park project.From the early use of Revit to build the building information model, to the medium of each professional Cooperative design and application of naviswork to carry out a comprehensive pipeline, and then to the late engineering quantity calculation and construction coordination ,The author analyzes the application of BIM in large projects and complex data room in the application of the model organization methods and the importance of the establishment of BIM standards, to sum up the experience and experience in practice.

  7. Estimating phase errors from pupil discontinuities from simulated on sky data: examples with VLT and Keck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Masen; Correia, Carlos; Sauvage, Jean-François; Véran, Jean-Pierre; Andersen, David; Vigan, Arthur; Wizinowich, Peter; van Dam, Marcos; Mugnier, Laurent; Bond, Charlotte

    2016-07-01

    We propose and apply two methods for estimating phase discontinuities for two realistic scenarios on VLT and Keck. The methods use both phase diversity and a form of image sharpening. For the case of VLT, we simulate the `low wind effect' (LWE) which is responsible for focal plane errors in low wind and good seeing conditions. We successfully estimate the LWE using both methods, and show that using both methods both independently and together yields promising results. We also show the use of single image phase diversity in the LWE estimation, and show that it too yields promising results. Finally, we simulate segmented piston effects on Keck/NIRC2 images and successfully recover the induced phase errors using single image phase diversity. We also show that on Keck we can estimate both the segmented piston errors and any Zernike modes affiliated with the non-common path.

  8. Effects of a Video Lottery Terminal (VLT) Banner on Gambling: A Field Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Timothy; Nicki, Richard; Otteson, Amy; Elliott, Heather

    2011-01-01

    The effects of a warning banner, informing patrons of the randomness of Video Lottery Terminal (VLT) outcomes, on gambling behaviour and beliefs were tested in a field setting using a mixed-model 2 x 3 design over a six-week period with 27 problem and 27 non-problem gamblers recruited from bars in a Canadian city with a population of 85,000.…

  9. Velocity fields of distant galaxies with FORS2 at the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Ziegler, Bodo L; Da Rocha, Cristiano; Böhm, Asmus; Kapferer, Wolfgang; Kuntschner, Harald; Peletier, Reynier F; Schindler, Sabine; Verdugo, Miguel

    2009-01-01

    We describe a method to efficiently obtain two-dimensional velocity fields of distant, faint and small, emission-line galaxies with FORS2 at the VLT. They are examined for kinematic substructure to identify possible interaction processes. Numerical simulations of tidal interactions and ram-pressure effects reveal distinct signatures observable with our method. We detect a significant fraction of galaxies with irregular velocity fields both in the field and cluster environments.

  10. MOONS: a Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph for the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Cirasuolo, M; Bender, R; Bonifacio, P; Evans, C; Kaper, L; Oliva, E; Vanzi, L; Abreu, M; Atad-Ettedgui, E; Babusiaux, C; Bauer, F; Best, P; Bezawada, N; Bryson, I; Cabral, A; Caputi, K; Centrone, M; Chemla, F; Cimatti, A; Cioni, M-R; Clementini, G; Coelho, J; Daddi, E; Dunlop, J; Feltzing, S; Ferguson, A; Flores, H; Fontana, A; Fynbo, J; Garilli, B; Glauser, A; Guinouard, I; Hammer, F; Hastings, P; Hess, A; Ivison, R; Jagourel, P; Jarvis, M; Kauffman, G; Lawrence, A; Lee, D; Licausi, G; Lilly, S; Lorenzetti, D; Maiolino, R; Mannucci, F; McLure, R; Minniti, D; Montgomery, D; Muschielok, B; Nandra, K; Navarro, R; Norberg, P; Origlia, L; Padilla, N; Peacock, J; Pedicini, F; Pentericci, L; Pragt, J; Puech, M; Randich, S; Renzini, A; Ryde, N; Rodrigues, M; Royer, F; Saglia, R; Sanchez, A; Schnetler, H; Sobral, D; Speziali, R; Todd, S; Tolstoy, E; Torres, M; Venema, L; Vitali, F; Wegner, M; Wells, M; Wild, V; Wright, G

    2012-01-01

    MOONS is a new conceptual design for a Multi-Object Optical and Near-infrared Spectrograph for the Very Large Telescope (VLT), selected by ESO for a Phase A study. The baseline design consists of 1000 fibers deployable over a field of view of 500 square arcmin, the largest patrol field offered by the Nasmyth focus at the VLT. The total wavelength coverage is 0.8um-1.8um and two resolution modes: medium resolution and high resolution. In the medium resolution mode (R=4,000-6,000) the entire wavelength range 0.8um-1.8um is observed simultaneously, while the high resolution mode covers simultaneously three selected spectral regions: one around the CaII triplet (at R=8,000) to measure radial velocities, and two regions at R=20,000 one in the J-band and one in the H-band, for detailed measurements of chemical abundances. The grasp of the 8.2m Very Large Telescope (VLT) combined with the large multiplex and wavelength coverage of MOONS - extending into the near-IR - will provide the observational power necessary to...

  11. A valiant little terminal: A VLT user`s manual. Revision 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinstein, A.

    1992-08-01

    VLT came to be used at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center), because SLAC wanted to assess the Amiga`s usefulness as a color graphics terminal and T{sub E}X workstation. Before the project could really begin, the people at SLAC needed a terminal emulator which could successfully talk to the IBM 3081 (now the IBM ES9000-580) and all the VAXes on the site. Moreover, it had to compete in quality with the Ann Arbor Ambassador GXL terminals which were already in use at the laboratory. Unfortunately, at the time there was no commercial program which fit the bill. Luckily, Willy Langeveld had been independently hacking up a public domain VT100 emulator written by Dave Wecker et al. and the result, VLT, suited SLAC`s purpose. Over the years, as the program was debugged and rewritten, the original code disappeared, so that now, in the present version of VLT, none of the original VT100 code remains.

  12. A valiant little terminal: A VLT user's manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinstein, A.

    1992-08-01

    VLT came to be used at SLAC (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center), because SLAC wanted to assess the Amiga's usefulness as a color graphics terminal and T{sub E}X workstation. Before the project could really begin, the people at SLAC needed a terminal emulator which could successfully talk to the IBM 3081 (now the IBM ES9000-580) and all the VAXes on the site. Moreover, it had to compete in quality with the Ann Arbor Ambassador GXL terminals which were already in use at the laboratory. Unfortunately, at the time there was no commercial program which fit the bill. Luckily, Willy Langeveld had been independently hacking up a public domain VT100 emulator written by Dave Wecker et al. and the result, VLT, suited SLAC's purpose. Over the years, as the program was debugged and rewritten, the original code disappeared, so that now, in the present version of VLT, none of the original VT100 code remains.

  13. Strategies for energy benchmarking in cleanrooms and laboratory-type facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sartor, Dale; Piette, Mary Ann; Tschudi, William; Fok, Stephen

    2000-06-01

    Buildings with cleanrooms and laboratories are growing in terms of total floor area and energy intensity. This building type is common in institutions such as universities and in many industries such as microelectronics and biotechnology. These buildings, with high ventilation rates and special environmental considerations, consume from 4 to 100 times more energy per square foot than conventional commercial buildings. Owners and operators of such facilities know they are expensive to operate, but have little way of knowing if their facilities are efficient or inefficient. A simple comparison of energy consumption per square foot is of little value. A growing interest in benchmarking is also fueled by: A new U.S. Executive Order removing the exemption of federal laboratories from energy efficiency goals, setting a 25% savings target, and calling for baseline guidance to measure progress; A new U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE initiative, Laboratories for the 21st Century, establishing voluntary performance goals and criteria for recognition; and A new PG and E market transformation program to improve energy efficiency in high tech facilities, including a cleanroom energy use benchmarking project. This paper identifies the unique issues associated with benchmarking energy use in high-tech facilities. Specific options discussed include statistical comparisons, point-based rating systems, model-based techniques, and hierarchical end-use and performance-metrics evaluations.

  14. Research on the Spatial-temporal Evolution of Performances of High-tech Zones in China and Spillovers of International Trade%中国高新区绩效的时空演化及贸易溢出效应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜彩楼; 徐康宁; 朱琴

    2012-01-01

    采用基于DEA的Malmquist指数及VAR模型研究了我国52个国家级高新区1996-2009年的绩效演进情况,并对相应的贸易溢出效应进行了研究。结果表明:①高新区TFP指数呈上升趋势,其中,“增长效应”在发展初期对于高新区绩效的贡献较为突出,而在后期则是“追赶效应”的贡献更加显著。②东部高新区TC指数要高于中西部地区,而Ec指数要弱于中西部高新区。③高新技术产品产业内贸易的活跃无法显著提升高新区的绩效,而劳动力的比较优势和汇率条件的作用比较显著。高新区应该充分利用既有优势,通过吸引关键技术等手段提高国际竞争力。%The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial-temporal evolution of 52 nation-grade high-tech zones with MPI based on DEA from 1996 to 2009,and the spillovers of international trade is be tested in this paper with VAR. Results show that TFP of high-tech zones ascended in research intervals. Growth effect contributed more to TFP in former phase while catching-up effect contributed more in later phase. In different regions, TC promoted quickly in east high-tech zones while EC promoted quickly in middle and west high-tech zones. Tests of VAR show that intra-industry trade can't promote TFP of high-tech zones, while labors and exchange rates contribute notable to TFP. Government should guide the high-tech zones to innovative parks based on scientific management institutions and industry system based on certain advantages.

  15. Empirical Research on International Technology Spillover to Technical Innovation Performance of Beijing' s High-tech Industries%国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张经强

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the author exercises panel data model, uses software Eviews 6. 0, studies empirically the effects on the international technology spillover to the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries, and obtains the technical innovation performance models of Beijing' s high - tech industries and panel data regression results. The results show that the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries depends on R&D expenditure input of the enterprises. The input of high - tech staff, the utilization of FDI and the increasing of volume of export trade will also play certain promotion effects on the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries. But, the technology spillover of FDI and export trade will play the impeding role when the government promotes the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries through increasing the quality and level of new products and new technologies.%采用面板数据模型方法,运用Eviews6.0软件,针对国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的影响进行实证研究,得出北京高技术产业技术创新绩效模型和面板数据回归结果.结果表明,北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升主要依靠企业研发经费的投入,高科技人员投入、FDI利用和出口贸易额的增加也会对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升起到一定的促进作用,但当通过提高新产品、新技术的质量和层次来提升北京高技术产业技术创新绩效时,FDI和出口贸易的技术溢出会起阻碍作用.

  16. Technology Transfer, Adaptation & Assimilation and Product Innovation Performance——Based on Provincial Panel Data of Chinese High - tech Industries%技术转移、消化吸收与产品创新绩效——一个基于中国内资高技术产业面板数据的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李武威

    2012-01-01

    Based on provincial penal data of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries during the period from 2003 to 2008, the relationship between technology transfer, adaptation & assimilation and product innovation performance of Chinese in-digenous high - tech industries the papers. From two different channels of technology transfer, the results show that technol-ogy introduction has the stationary and significant direct positive impact on product innovation performance of Chinese indig-enous high - tech industries, and as a moderator, it upgrades the marginal contribution of R&D expenditure on product in-novation performance. In addition, the product innovation performance of Chinese indigenous high -tech enterprises is not positively influenced by domestic technology purchase, and the input for adaptation & assimilation has significant and posi-tive effects on product innovation performance of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries. Furthermore, the paper argues that the input for adaptation & assimilation should be paid more attentions in order to increase the technology absorption ca-pability of Chinese indigenous high - tech industries, and domestic technology trade - off market should be boosted up for providing the better platform for high - tech enterprises so as to promote domestic technology purchase for Chinese indige-nous high - tech industries.%采用中国省际2003~2008年内资高技术产业面板数据,实证检验技术转移、消化吸收对产品创新绩效的影响.从技术引进和国内技术购买两种不同的技术转移渠道考察,研究结果显示,技术引进一方面对中国内资高技术产业产品创新绩效具有显著的直接正面影响,另一方面作为调节变量显著提升了研发经费投入对产品创新绩效的边际贡献,国内技术购买对中国内资高技术产业产品创新绩效的影响不显著,消化吸收投入对中国内 资高技术产业产品创新绩效贡献明显.进一步讨论,在技

  17. 台灣科技產業運用中國涉外仲裁機制之策略研究 A Research on Utilization Strategy to China Foreign-related Arbitration by Taiwan High-Tech Industry Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    王文杰 Wen-Chieh Wang

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available 台灣科技產業西進中國大陸尋求發展與全球布局過程中,在面臨國際商事爭議事件之際,如何運用中國涉外仲裁機制以作為替代爭議解決模式與途徑,值得國內業界加以認真對待。中國涉外仲裁機制發展迄今逾五十年,1994 年仲裁法頒布實施,明文賦予該機制法律位階地位;同時亦於市場經濟中定位為特殊法律服務。仲裁法頒布實施至今逾十年,以中國國際經濟貿易仲裁委員會為運作主力之中國涉外仲裁機制成為中國替代爭議解決機制之核心,亦成就該機制在國際商事仲裁市場之一席之地。本文藉由實證分析之角度,嘗試建構台灣科技產業運用中國涉外仲裁機制之策略,呈現中國涉外仲裁機制之特點與台灣科技產業運用策略間之關係,並進而分析中國涉外仲裁機制對於台灣科技產業之策略目標之適切性。 It is worthy and necessary for Taiwan High-Tech Industry Companies to pay close attention to China Foreign-related Arbitration mechanism to be utilized as alternative dispute resolution to resolve international commercial disputes such companies incurred when conducting global businesses and seeking developments in China. China Foreign-related Arbitration mechanism has been operating and developing for over fifty (50 years and it has been recognized and formulated of its legal status since the announcement and enforcement of Arbitration Law of People’s Republic of China (1994. From market and economic perspective, China Foreign-related Arbitration is considered as a sort of special legal service. China Foreign-related Arbitration mechanism, mainly acted by China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (“CIETAC”, has become the core of China alternative dispute resolution and has also played an important role in international commercial arbitration world after 10-years development from the enforcement

  18. 市场化改革对中国高技术产业研发投入的影响%The effect of market-oriented reforms on R&D input of China' s high-tech Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴魁早; 刘友金

    2013-01-01

    Market - oriented reforms affect R&D input through the ownership structure and the market environment which includes level of marketization and demand for new products and funding environment. This article selects the panel data of China' s high - tech industries during the period of 1995 to 2010, and using GMM method make an empirical analysis of the market - oriented reforms influence on the R&D input. The result shows that improvement of level of marketization and growth of demand for new products have significant positive impact on R&D input. Moreover the impact is more significantly after joining WTO. The improved funding environment promotes the growth of high - tech industry R&D input. Too concentrated state - owned property is against the growth of R&D capital investment, but it leads to too much R&D manpower input. Market power has a non - linear inverted U - shaped relationship with R&D capital investment and R&D manpower input. The influence of firm size on R&D capital investment is uncertain, but it has significant positive impact on the growth of R&D manpower input.%市场化改革既通过产权结构影响R&D投入,又通过影响市场化水平、新产品需求和筹资环境等市场环境对R&D投入产生影响.本文利用中国高技术产业1995-2010年的面板数据,运用动态面板的GMM方法实证考察了市场化改革对R&D投入的影响,得到以下主要结论:市场化水平的提高和新产品需求的增长对高技术产业R&D投入增长具有显著的正向影响,且入世后的正向影响更大;筹资环境的改善有利于促进高技术产业R&D投入的增长.国有产权过于集中不利于高技术产业R&D资本投入的增长,但却导致了过多的R&D人力投入.市场势力与R&D投入存在的非线性倒U型关系;企业规模对R&D资本投入的影响并不确定,但促进了R&D人力投入增长.

  19. 高科技企业组织学习与双元创新关系实证研究%Empirical Study on Relationship between Organizational Learning and Ambidextrous Innovation in High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晖; 李文

    2013-01-01

    组织学习和创新对高科技企业的生存和发展有重要的理论和现实意义。探索和利用是组织学习和创新领域学者们共同关注的焦点,现有研究将探索式学习与探索式创新等同、将利用式学习与利用式创新等同,然而学习是过程,创新是结果,二者不可等同。从组织学习与创新之间的过程-结果关系出发,引入动态能力作为中介变量,构建组织学习、动态能力、双元创新的理论模型,收集来自计算机软件、生物医药、电信与通讯、新能源等高科技行业企业的218份有效问卷进行模型验证,采用SPSS 20.0软件进行数据分析。研究结果表明,组织学习对双元创新均有正向影响,但不同的组织学习方式对不同类型创新的正向影响程度不同,利用式学习主要促进渐进性创新,探索式学习主要促进突破性创新。动态能力在组织学习与双元创新之间发挥中介作用,协调整合能力是利用式学习促进渐进性创新的中介变量,重组转型能力是探索式学习促进突破性创新的中介变量。%Organizational learning and innovations have significant theoretical contributions and practical implications for high -tech enterprises , survival and development .Exploration and exploitation are focusing topics in organizational learning and innova -tion fields.However, previous research equal exploration and exploitation learning which focus on process to exploration and ex -ploitation innovation which are regarded outcome variables .Based on process-result framework between organizational learning and innovation , this study builds a mediation model by introducing dynamic abilities as mediating variables to further demonstrate the inner mechanism between organizational learning and enterprise innovation .This paper analyzed valid data of 218 collected questionnaires from high-tech enterprises such as computer software , bio

  20. Low cost, high tech seed cleaning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert P. Karrfalt

    2013-01-01

    Clean seeds are a great asset in native plant restoration. However, seed cleaning equipment is often too costly for many small operations. This paper introduces how several tools and materials intended for other purposes can be used directly or made into simple machines to clean seeds.

  1. High-Tech, Low-Temp Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Under an SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) contract with Ames, S.D. Miller & Associates developed new manufacturing methods for multi-layer metal spacecraft insulation that could significantly reduce launch weight and launch costs. The new honeycomb structure is more efficient than fibers for insulation. Honeycombs can be made from metals for high temperature uses, even plastic insulation from recycled milk bottles. Under development are blankets made from recycled milk bottles which will be field tested by the Red Cross and ambulance companies. Currently available are honeycomb mittens based on the same technology.

  2. High-Tech Partnerships Mean Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2013-01-01

    It's not news that public school districts have maintained productive relationships with the business community over the years. In Ohio, Cincinnati Bell recently helped a failing high school in the Cincinnati Public Schools transform itself into an information technology academy by providing student internships, a fleet of volunteer mentors, and…

  3. Doe v. High-Tech Institute, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Colorado Court of Appeals reversed the action of a lower court, which dismissed a claim by the plaintiff, a student training to be a medical assistant, that his school's unauthorized testing of his blood for HIV had resulted in an intrusion upon seclusion under state law. The student had earlier confided information concerning his HIV status to an instructor, asking that the information remain confidential. Later, the student, along with his peers, agreed to submit to blood for rubella testing. The instructor asked the laboratory testing the blood to also run an HIV screen only on the HIV-infected student's blood. The court held that such an action was a violation of the student's privacy under both the theories of intrusion upon seclusion for improper appropriation of private information and the public disclosure of private facts. Furthermore, the court held that individuals have a privacy interest in their blood and the medical information that may be obtained from it: "Because personal information concerning a person's health may be obtained through one's blood, urine, and other bodily products, such products cannot be extracted from a person or initially tested without either consent or proper authorization."

  4. Britain's Ivory Tower Goes High Tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, David

    1985-01-01

    Encouraging a science park at Cambridge University has resulted in a geographically compact community with a broad range of high-technology industries. Factors leading to this university/business success (also called "The Cambridge Phenomenon") include: more relaxed attitudes about faculty's outside activities; positive attitudes toward…

  5. Lifting high-tech pour le LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    Vos, Anton

    2009-01-01

    Un an après l'accident qui a conduit à son arrêt total, l'accélérateur de particules est à nouveau prêt à ouvrir de nouveaux chapitres de la physique. Tour d'horizon des réparations. (1 page)

  6. Globalizing High-Tech Business Models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    2012-01-01

    In the early process of the emergence of new international ventures, entrepreneurs are constantly in a ‘tension extinguishing’ mode as they are trying to ease tensions in the organizational gestalt which consists of mutually supportive organizational system elements combined with appropriate reso...... of success. Dilemmas occur in decision making when entrepreneurs are required to determine the pace, the entry mode, and the international marketing mix of the international strategy of the venture....

  7. High-tech composites to ancient metals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Y. Zhang

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Neutron diffraction methods offer a direct measure of the elastic component of strain deep within crystalline materials through precise characterisation of the interplanar crystal lattice spacing. The unique non-destructive nature of this measurement technique is particularly beneficial in the context of engineering design and archaeological materials science, since it allows the evaluation of a variety of structural and deformational parameters inside real components without material removal, or at worst with minimal interference. We review a wide range of recent experimental studies using the Engin-X materials engineering instrument at the ISIS neutron source and show how the technique provides the basis for developing improved insight into materials of great importance to applications and industry.

  8. Medan Video Game Center (High Tech Architecture)

    OpenAIRE

    Roni

    2014-01-01

    Medan Video Game Center construction is intended to facilitate the people who are enthusiast about video game in Medan. This building also can be a place for organized event – event that is related to video game such as video game exhibition, or video game competition. Besides that, Medan Video Game Center construction also as education place which there is contain a video game academy and vehicle simulator room. The building design use double skin façade concept that highlights the supportin...

  9. High tech hypofractionation to optimise treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Jørgen

    2015-01-01

    effective for both palliative purposes and sometimes cure. Palliative schedules have conventionally been designed to deliver sufficient radiation dose within a short period of time to achieve optimal palliation with particular consideration to life expectancy. Such treatment strategies may be assigned...... dose-planning and execution of radiation treatment have become more precise which elderly patients may profit from, particularly if elective radiation is omitted, similar to stereotactic strategies. Delivery of 30 Gy in 10 fraction over 2 weeks, or 20 Gy in 5 fx, confer a doseintensity much higher than...... on delay of treatment in patients undergoing a fast-track work-up for head and neck cancer (H&N), and elderly patients (above 70) demonstrated equivalent compliance to prescribed radical radiation treatment compared to younger patients which was further translated into similar cancer-specific survival...

  10. High-tech solutions for the environment

    CERN Multimedia

    Gabrielle Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Four solar-powered compactor dustbins have recently been installed at various locations around the Meyrin site. These compact systems fitted with photovoltaic panels compress waste; their increased capacity compared to a standard dustbin reduces the number of collections and the associated CO2 emissions.   Four strange "machines" have recently appeared on the CERN site. Made by the company Big Belly, these intelligent solar-powered mini-compactors fitted with the latest energy-saving technology are perfectly aligned with the Laboratory's policy of minimising the impact of its activities on the environment. With their ability to hold up to four times more waste than the average bin, they need to be emptied less frequently, significantly reducing the CO2 emissions associated with collection and transport. What's more, the integrated software monitors the fill level of each bin in real time and sends an e-mail or text when it needs emptying, thus optimising coll...

  11. High-tech's low-key brothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brustad, C

    1999-12-01

    Their personal demeanor is decidedly modest, their corporate culture nurturing and family-oriented. But don't let that charming Midwestern manner fool you: as many health care organizations know, Bill and Richard Lawson are major players in the world of ERP software, and they are poised for even bigger things. Next year they intend to take Minneapolis-based Lawson Software public, a move they hope will give them the capital and clout to go head to head with the giants of the industry and eventually become one of the top two or three players in the world.

  12. Seoul: Korea's high-tech hotbed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusoff, D

    1987-04-01

    Seoul, Korea, is in the throes of change--in the way its people live, in the jobs they do, and in the makeup of its populace. The city of Seoul proper houses 1 out of every 4 Koreans. Home to 95 of Korea's 100 largest trading companies and 42 of the 46 family-based industrial conglomerates--Seoul controls Korean commerce. Employment opportunities have kept pace with Seoul's rapidly growing labor supply resulting in low unemployment by developing country standards. Only 12.3% of Koreans now live below the poverty line, down from nearly 41% in 1962. The real per capita income in Seoul rose from a dismal $87 in 1962 to nearly $2000 in 1985. The completion of 2 commuter rail lines in 1974 accelerated the movement of people out of the city and into suburban areas, concentrating urban growth along the railway corridors. Population densities in the city's central wards make Seoul 1 of the world's most densely populated cities. Although Seoul's population is young--27.9% of the population was under age 15 in 1983-- it is becoming increasingly dominated by those of working age. Seoul is essentially a city of migrants; more than 1/2 of the city's grwoth since 1960 is attributable to in-migration. Although the trend is toward rising white-collar employment, Seoul is still a blue-collar town. Seoul's educational system is so highly regarded in Korea that families move to seoul just to enroll their children. Korean spending patterns are influenced greatly by the Korean penchant for higher education.

  13. DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATION AND SPATIAL LAYOUT MODEL OF HEADQUARTERS PARK IN ANKANG HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE%安康高新区总部经济园发展定位及空间布局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凌

    2015-01-01

    经济的高速发展和总部经济理论的不断成熟,打破了以往只有中心城市才能建设总部经济园的思维定势。一些拥有独特区位、环境和资源优势的中小城市新区也具备了发展总部经济的能力。结合陕西省安康高新技术产业开发区总部经济园项目,提出了以总部经济成长环境评估和依托特色产业经济发展定位为前提的中小城市新区总部园的空间布局模式,为同类型园区提供可借鉴的开发模式和规划策略。%With the rapid economic development and continuous improvement of headquarters economy theory, the mindset that only big city can build headquarters park is broken.Some middle and small cities which have unique locations, environment and resource advantages also have the ability to develop headquarters economy.Combined with the project of headquarters park in Ankang High-Tech Industrial Development Zone of Shaanxi Province, and based on the economic growth environmental assessment and the development of characteristic industries, this paper proposes the spatial layout model of headquarters park in newly developed zones of middle and small cities.

  14. Evaluation of Disruptive Innovation Capability of High-Tech Industry Based on Entropy Method%基于熵权法的高技术产业破坏性创新能力综合评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏绪梅; 贾博

    2014-01-01

    This paper establishes a linear-weighted comprehensive evaluation model to assess disruptive innovation capabili-ty of high-tech industry from the index system of input capability,output capacity and structural change capacity and ap-plies entropy method to determine the weight of each index.Based on the data of 31different regions in China from 2007 to 2011,the result shows that the disruptive innovation capability difference of China's three major region and each provinces is significantly great.Disruptive innovation capability of eastern,central and western regions shows a decreasing trend.in this three aspects of input,output and structural change,eastern is low-high-high,western is high-low-low,central is mid-dle.%构建包含投入能力、产出能力和结构变化能力的评价指标体系,运用熵权法确定各指标权重,建立了高技术产业破坏性创新能力线性加权综合评价模型。以我国内地31个地区为样本,选取2007-2011年数据进行评价。结果表明,我国3大区域高技术产业破坏性创新能力存在明显差异,东中西三大区域破坏性创新能力呈依次递减的趋势,在投入、产出和结构变化上,东西中部地区分别具有“低高高”、“高低低”和居中的特点。

  15. pVLT-EGFP载体构建及其在巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)的表达研究%Construction of an Expression Vector pVLT-EGFP and Its Expression in Azospirillum brasilense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩涛; 王继雯; 杨文玲; 甄静; 刘莹莹; 李冠杰; 刘莉; 岳丹丹; 陈国参

    2015-01-01

    为了研究巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)在植物体内的定殖,利用酶切连接的方法,以增强型绿色荧光蛋白(enhanced green fluorescent protein,EGFP)基因与表达栽体pVLT-33为基本元件,构建了重组表达载体pVLT-EGFP,电转巴西固氮螺菌R7细胞,并利用实时荧光定量PCR(qPCR)研究了不同温度、不同时间EGFP mRNA的表达情况.酶切及测序结果表明,成功构建了pVLT-EGFP载体,并在荧光显微镜下观察到绿色荧光蛋白表达;qPCR结果显示:30℃,诱导9hEGFP基因的表达水平最高.本研究成功构建了重组表达载体pVLT-EGFP,为实现pVLT-EGFP的可控表达及研究固氮菌在植物体内的定殖规律及促生长机理提供了一种有效的途径.

  16. Study on the Impact of R & D Investment Structure on the Exportation of High-tech Products Made in China%R & D投入结构对我国高技术产品出口的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王青春; 徐洁香

    2014-01-01

    Basing on the time series data from 2000 to 2011,the relationships between Chinese R&D investment type structure and high-tech products export are analyzed with the use of the relative degree of grey incidences in this paper. Analysis results show that Chinese R&D three types of manpower, capital investment to the influence degree of the high-tech products export in a recent period.Test development research, basic research of manpower, funding for a relatively large impact on the export of high-tech products.Application research of manpower and fund input minimum effects on the export of high-tech products .Finally the corresponding policy recommendations are putted forward accordingly.%文章运用2000-2011年时间序列数据对我国R&D投入类型结构与高技术产品出口的关系进行了灰色相对关联度分析。分析结果表明,我国R&D三种类型的人力投入、资金投入对高技术产品出口的影响程度存在差异,其中试验发展研究、基础研究的人力、经费投入对高技术产品出口的影响相对较大,应用研究的人力、经费投入对高技术产品出口的影响最小,并据此提出相应的政策建议。

  17. 生产率与中国高技术企业出口相关性研究——基于异质企业贸易理论的视角%Research on Correlation between Productivity and China's High-tech Enterprises' Export ——From the Perspective of Heterogeneous Enterprise Trade Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海洋; 罗洋

    2012-01-01

    高技术产业出口近年来迅速增加,容易使人得出我国贸易结构升级,国际竞争力加强的结论。我国2008年近两万家高技术企业的微观数据分析表明企业出口与生产率呈现负相关关系,这一现象不符合异质企业贸易理论。研究发现企业性质、企业资本劳动比才是出口的主要影响因素。高技术产业中加工贸易企业的大量存在是造成其违反异质企业贸易理论的根本原因。%The rapid increase in export of high-tech industries in recent years makes people easily draw the conclusion that China's trade structure has been upgraded and its international competitiveness has been strengthened.However,based on the micro data analysis of nearly 20,000 high-tech enterprises in China in 2008,it is found that high-tech enterprise export has a negative correlation with productivity,which is not consistent with the heterogeneous enterprise trade theory.The research found that the nature of an enterprise and the ratio of capital and labor are the major factors influencing export.The large number of processing trade high-tech enterprises is the fundamental reason for its inconsistence with the heterogeneous enterprise trade theory.

  18. FDI嵌入集群情境下本土高新技术企业创新投入的影响因素研究——以长三角地区为例%Study on Influence Factors of Local High-tech Enterprises Innovation Investment in FDI Embedded Clusters——Case Study of the Yangtze River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢夫敏

    2013-01-01

    利用长三角地区3 124家本土高新技术企业的数据研究FDI嵌入集群情境下本土高新技术企业创新投入的影响因素.研究表明:FDI嵌入集群情境能够促进集群中本土高新技术企业创新投入强度的提高;内外资高新技术企业间的技术差距与本土高新技术企业创新投入之间呈显著正相关关系;而本土高新技术企业的绝对技术水平、成立年限、已经拥有的专利数、规模大小和是否采用合作创新方式等也是影响企业创新投入的重要因素.%The paper used 3124 local enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta area to study the influence factors of innovation investment of local high-tech enterprises in FDI embedded clusters.The studies showed that:FDI agglomeration could respectively stimulate local high-tech enterprises innovation investment in clusters.The technology gap between foreign and domestic enterprises had a positive impact on local high-tech enterprises'innovation investment,while the local high-tech enterprises'absolute technology level,the establishment of age,patent numbers,enterprises'size,and cooperation innovative ways were also important factors in business innovation.

  19. 我国高技术产业空间集聚及影响因素研究--基于省级面板数据的空间计量分析%Study on China's High-Tech Spatial Agglomeration and Its Determinants:Based on the Spatial Econometric Analysis of Provincial Panel Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春雨; 王伟强

    2015-01-01

    从空间计量经济视角对高技术产业空间集聚及影响因素进行实证分析,研究结果表明:我国高技术产业呈现出明显的空间集聚特征,区域间产业集聚存在正向的空间相关性。人力资本、规模经济、运输成本及基础设施都对本地区高技术产业集聚发展具有显著的正向影响;知识溢出、市场规模和FDI的影响系数都显著为负。相邻地区的知识溢出和市场规模都对本地区高技术产业集聚发展造成了抑制作用;而对对外贸易产生了促进效应。%From the perspective of spatial econometrics, this paper analyzes the high-tech industrial agglomeration of China and its influencing factors. The empirical results show that the development of high-tech industrial ag-glomeration has a significantly positive spatial autocorrelation among the provinces in China. Human capital, scale economies, transportation costs and urban infrastructure are conducive to the development of provincial high-tech industrial agglomeration; and knowledge spillovers, market demand and FDI have a negative impact on the high-tech industrial agglomeration's development. The impact of knowledge spillovers and market demand from neighboring provinces are significantly negative, and the impact of international trade is significantly positive.

  20. “政产学研”协同创新视角下景德镇高技术陶瓷产业发展问题探讨%Research on Jingdezhen High-Tech Ceramic Development from the Perspective of the Government-Industry-University-Research Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣蔚; 韩静

    2016-01-01

    景德镇着力打造的以高技术陶瓷为核心竞争力的产业新格局正在形成。高技术陶瓷在加工材料、制作工艺、性能等多方面突破了传统陶瓷的范围,已被广泛运用于电子、信息通讯、航空航天、机械工程等新兴领域。本文针对景德镇高技术陶瓷产业发展中的相关问题,在“产学研”理论中增加政府的机能,为协同创新提供有效的路径。%Jingdezhen strives to build a new industrial pattern with high-tech ceramics as its core competitive force. High-tech ceramics is widely used in electronics, information and communication, aerospace, and mechanic engineering. It surpasses traditional ceramics for its raw materials, production process and property. This paper focuses on high-tech ceramic development issues, with the aim to strengthen the government’s function in the industry-university-research cooperation to provide a valid innovation path for its collaborative innovation.

  1. VLT FORS2 comparative transmission spectral survey of clear and cloudy exoplanet atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolov, Nikolay; Sing, David; Gibson, Neale; Evans, Thomas; Barstow, Joanna Katy; Kataria, Tiffany; Wilson, Paul A.

    2016-10-01

    Transmission spectroscopy is a key to unlocking the secrets of close-in exoplanet atmospheres. Observations have started to unveil a vast diversity of irradiated giant planet atmospheres with clouds and hazes playing a definitive role across the entire mass and temperature regime. We have initiated a ground-based, multi-object transmission spectroscopy of a hand full of hot Jupiters, covering the wavelength range 360-850nm using the recently upgraded FOcal Reducer and Spectrograph (FORS2) mounted on the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the European Southern Observatory (ESO). These targets were selected for comparative follow-up as their transmission spectra showed evidence for alkali metal absorption, based on the results of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations. This talk will discuss the first results from the programme, demonstrating excellent agreement between the transmission spectra measured from VLT and HST and further reinforce the findings of clear, cloudy and hazy atmospheres. More details will be discussed on the narrow alkali features obtained with FORS2 at higher resolution, revealing its high potential in securing optical transmission spectra. These FORS2 observations are the first ground-based detections of clear, cloudy and hazy hot-Jupiter atmosphere with a simultaneous detections of Na, K, and H2 Rayleigh scattering. Our program demonstrates the large potential of the instrument for optical transmission spectroscopy, capable of obtaining HST-quality light curves from the ground. Compared to HST, the larger aperture of VLT will allow for fainter targets to be observed and higher spectral resolution, which can greatly aid comparative exoplanet studies. This is important for further exploring the diversity of exoplanet atmospheres and is particularly complementary to the near- and mid-IR regime, to be covered by the upcoming James-Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and is readily applicable to less massive planets down to super-Earths.

  2. PC based PLCs and ethernet based fieldbus: the new standard platform for future VLT instrument control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiekebusch, Mario J.; Lucuix, Christian; Erm, Toomas M.; Chiozzi, Gianluca; Zamparelli, Michele; Kern, Lothar; Brast, Roland; Pirani, Werther; Reiss, Roland; Popovic, Dan; Knudstrup, Jens; Duchateau, Michel; Sandrock, Stefan; Di Lieto, Nicola

    2014-07-01

    ESO is currently in the final phase of the standardization process for PC-based Programmable Logical Controllers (PLCs) as the new platform for the development of control systems for future VLT/VLTI instruments. The standard solution used until now consists of a Local Control Unit (LCU), a VME-based system having a CPU and commercial and proprietary boards. This system includes several layers of software and many thousands of lines of code developed and maintained in house. LCUs have been used for several years as the interface to control instrument functions but now are being replaced by commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) systems based on BECKHOFF Embedded PCs and the EtherCAT fieldbus. ESO is working on the completion of the software framework that enables a seamless integration into the VLT control system in order to be ready to support upcoming instruments like ESPRESSO and ERIS, that will be the first fully VLT compliant instruments using the new standard. The technology evaluation and standardization process has been a long and combined effort of various engineering disciplines like electronics, control and software, working together to define a solution that meets the requirements and minimizes the impact on the observatory operations and maintenance. This paper presents the challenges of the standardization process and the steps involved in such a change. It provides a technical overview of how industrial standards like EtherCAT, OPC-UA, PLCOpen MC and TwinCAT can be used to replace LCU features in various areas like software engineering and programming languages, motion control, time synchronization and astronomical tracking.

  3. VLT transit and occultation photometry for the bloated planet CoRoT-1b

    OpenAIRE

    Gillon, Michaël; Demory, B. -O.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Barman, T; Hebb, L.; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa; Maxted, P.; Queloz, D; Deleuil, M.; Magain, Pierre

    2009-01-01

    We present VLT eclipse photometry for the giant planet CoRoT-1b. We observed a transit in the R-band filter and an occultation in a narrow filter centered on 2.09 microns. Our analysis of this new photometry and published radial velocities, in combination with stellar-evolutionary modeling, leads to a planetary mass and radius of 1.07 (+0.13,-0.18) M_Jup and 1.45 (+0.07,-0.13) R_Jup, confirming the very low density previously deduced from CoRoT photometry. The large occultation depth that we ...

  4. Trends and developments in VLT data papers as seen through telbib

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordelon, Dominic; Grothkopf, Uta; Meakins, Silvia; Sterzik, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib; http://telbib.eso.org) is a database of refereed papers published by the ESO users community. It links data in the ESO Science Archive with the published literature, and vice versa. Developed and maintained by the ESO library, telbib also provides insights into the organization's research output and impact as measured through bibliometric studies. Numerous reports, statistics, and visualizatons derived from telbib help to understand the way in which the user community uses ESO/VLT data in publications. Based on selected use cases, we will showcase recent trends and developments.

  5. Book Review for “Empirical Research on Dynamic Evolution of Chinese High-tech Industry Innovation Efficiency”%《创新效率动态演化--基于中国高技术产业的实证研究》书评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南

    2014-01-01

    We should pay more attention to innovation efficiency than innovation resources input during the innovation construction process of Chinese high-tech industry.Based on the dynamic evolution of inno-vation efficiency perspective,the book selects Chinese high-tech industry as the research object,builds dy-namic model of high-tech industrial development promoted by innovation efficiency improving labor produc-tivity and total factor productivity.On this basis,the book makes empirical analysis of China′s high-tech in-dustry innovation static efficiency,dynamic efficiency,regional differences changes in trends and external en-vironmental factors from region and industry aspects,put forwards effective proposal developing Chinese high-tech industry.It provides scientific basis for decision making for adjusting science and technology policy system and optimizing the allocation of innovation resources.The book broadens the perspective of efficiency theoretical research on the meso-level.%在中国高技术产业创新建设过程中,创新资源效率是比创新资源投入更加需要重视的方面。《创新效率动态演化---基于中国高技术产业的实证研究》选择“中国高技术产业”作为研究对象,基于创新效率动态演化的视角,构建创新效率通过提升全要素生产率和劳动生产效率进而促进高技术产业发展的动力模型,在此基础上从区域和行业两方面实证分析了中国高技术产业创新的静态效率、动态效率、区域差异变动趋势和外环境影响因素,提出有效发展中国高技术产业的建议,为国家调整科技政策体系、优化高技术产业创新资源的配置提供科学的决策依据。该书拓宽了效率理论在中观层面研究的视角。

  6. The Empirical Studies of Mar-Effect & Jac-Effect of Knowledge Spillover in High-Tech Industrial Clusters in China%高新技术产业集群知识溢出的Mar效应和Jac效应的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘满凤; 吴卓贤

    2013-01-01

      以我国54个高新技术产业开发区为研究对象,测度了我国高技术产业集群知识溢出的Mar效应和Jac效应。结果表明,沿海发达地区的Mar效应小Jac效应大;而西部落后地区则正好相反,Mar效应大Jac效应小。通过构建知识溢出半径模型,并以此构造空间权重矩阵,研究了高新技术产业集群的知识空间溢出效应。研究结果表明:Mar溢出、Jac溢出能够很好地表示我国高新技术产业集群内和高新技术产业集群之间的知识空间溢出效应。当知识溢出效应用Mar溢出、Jac溢出提取后,描述高技术产业集群发展的变量之间不再具有空间相关性;由此,最后通过构建空间固定效应面板模型,研究了Mar溢出、Jac溢出对集群经济增长和技术进步的效应。%This paper selected 54 high-tech industrial development zones in China as the research sample. Firstly, the Mar-effect and Jac-effect of knowledge spillover were measured in high-tech industry clusters in China. The re-sults show that the Mar-effect was greater than Jac-effect in coastal developed region clusters, and it was opposite in the western underdeveloped regions. Secondly, by constructing the knowledge spillover radius model, and set-ting up space weight matrix, the knowledge spatial spillover effect of the high-tech industry clusters is discussed. The results revealed that: the Mar-spillover and the Jac-spillover can well reflect respectively, the knowledge spa-tial spillover effect within the high-tech industry cluster and among the high-tech industry clusters. When the spill-over effects of the knowledge with Mar-effect, Jac-effect by extracting, the economics development variables of high-tech industrial clusters have no longer spatial correlation. And finally, by building space fixed effect panel da-ta model, the effects of knowledge spatial spillovers for high-tech industry clusters economic growth and technolo-gy progress are

  7. Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr Isotopic Studies of Meteorite Kalahari 009: An Old VLT Mare Basalt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, C.-Y.; Nyquist, L. E.; Reese, Y.; Bischoff, A.

    2008-01-01

    Lunar meteorite Kalahari 009 is a fragmental basaltic breccia contain ing various very-low-Ti (VLT) mare basalt clasts embedded in a fine-g rained matrix of similar composition. This meteorite and lunar meteorite Kalahari 008, an anorthositic breccia, were suggested to be paired mainly due to the presence of similar fayalitic olivines in fragment s found in both meteorites. Thus, Kalahari 009 probably represents a VLT basalt that came from a locality near a mare-highland boundary r egion of the Moon, as compared to the typical VLT mare basalt samples collected at Mare Crisium during the Luna-24 mission. The concordant Sm-Nd and Ar-Ar ages of such a VLT basalt (24170) suggest that the extrusion of VLT basalts at Mare Crisium occurred 3.30 +/- 0.05 Ga ag o. Previous age results for Kalahari 009 range from approximately 4.2 Ga by its Lu-Hf isochron age to 1.70?0.04 Ga of its Ar-Ar plateau ag e. However, recent in-situ U-Pb dating of phosphates in Kalahari 009 defined an old crystallization age of 4.35+/- 0.15 Ga. The authors su ggested that Kalahari 009 represents a cryptomaria basalt. In this r eport, we present Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr isotopic results for Kalahari 009, discuss the relationship of its age and isotopic characteristics to t hose of other L-24 VLT mare basalts and other probable cryptomaria ba salts represented by Apollo 14 aluminous mare basalts, and discuss it s petrogenesis.

  8. AN EMPIRICAL TEST ON CHINESE HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY PRODUCTIVITY INFLUENCING FACTORS%中国高技术产业生产率影响因素实证检验∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗来军; 李军林; 姚东旻

    2015-01-01

    本文使用微观层面的企业数据,对中国高技术产业生产率的影响因素进行实证检验,发现资产增长、人力资本、企业利润、企业规模对生产率具有显著的促进作用,而资本劳动比、企业存货起明显的负向作用,外国直接投资等变量几乎不起作用。研发投入、银行贷款与政府补贴的实证结论与人们的正常预期不同,研发投入对生产率要么不起作用、要么起负向作用,银行贷款与政府补贴对生产率起着扭曲与阻碍作用,中国的一些特殊情况导致了上述结论。%This paper uses enterprise data to empirically test the influencing factors of Chinese high-tech industry productivity,and concludes that the growth of assets,human capital,corporate profits,and enterprise scale have significant effect on productivity.Government subsidies,capital labor ratio,and in-ventory play negative roles.Foreign direct investment,trade credit,sales cost,market concentration,and industrial chain status have little effect.Different from the normal expectation of people,R&D investment on productivity may not work or play a negative role.This paradoxical conclusion reflects the special cir-cumstances in China.The motive of many enterprises’R&D investment is to rent for an access to govern-ment subsidies and monopoly interests.Lack of protection for intellectual property rights makes many en-terprises unwilling to put a lot of money in the use of technology research and development.Bank loans and government subsidies seriously distort and impede productivity.This paper suggests that the problems arise in Chinese financing system and government funded system,which not only fails to promote enter-prise efficiency,but also inhibits the development of enterprise efficiency.

  9. Research on Effect of Export upon Imported Technology in High-tech Industry%出口对高技术产业引进技术的影响机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞立平; 李守伟; 刘骏

    2016-01-01

    With high-tech industry export growing and proportion of imported technology declining, this paper firstly analyzes the mechanism of action which export affects the introduction of technology and considers the positive mechanisms,which contain export demand and manufacturing transfer in developed countries. Nevertheless,the negative mechanisms mainly reflect in the low-end of export commodity structure, which leads to the shortage of technical requirements,export of some high-end products results in reducing demand and international competition leads to that enterprises pay attention to research on development and reduce demand. Based on the panel data model and Bayesian vector autoregressive model, the results show the elasticity coefficient of export to imported technology is negative, therefore the negative mechanism is more than the positive, the fundamental cause is that the structure of China’s exported commodity is low-end and the relationship between export and imported technology is an u-shaped curve.%针对我国高技术产业出口不断增长与引进技术比重不断下降的现状,本文首先分析了出口对引进技术的作用机制,认为其正向机制包括出口创汇需求、发达国家制造业转移,负向机制主要体现在出口商品结构低端化导致引进技术需求不足、部分高端产品出口对引进技术需求降低、国际竞争导致企业重视研发降低引进技术需求。基于面板数据模型和贝叶斯向量自回归模型的研究结果表明,出口对引进技术影响的弹性系数为负,说明负向机制大于正向机制,其根本原因是我国出口商品结构低端化所致,出口与引进技术的关系呈现 U 型曲线。

  10. Constant Market Share Analysis of China's High-tech Products'Export: 1995-2010%中国高科技出口产品恒定市场份额分析:1995-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚宇红; 苗源泽

    2012-01-01

    The rate of export growth of China' s high-tech products is much higher than that of the world in the period of 1995-2010, which is not only due to the rise of competitiveness in each individual market, but also to the changes of export structure (product structure and geographical structure). The CMSA (Constant Market Share Analysis) formulation used in this work takes the ele- ments above into account , and the assessment of CMSA shows that the main contribution to changes of market share is the competitiveness effect, however, the structure effect is marginal. In addition , a fiLrther breakdown of structure ef- fect shows that product effects are almost negative in the studied period .It indi- cates that China' s products structure of export is not rational in the long term , or that the export is concentrated on the products whose demands grow slower , Therefore, updating the structures of export products is the important way to ex- pand exports.%1995—2010年间中国高科技产品出口增长率远远高出世界平均水平,从贸易视角来看,这其中既有单个市场竞争力提高的因素,也有市场结构(包括产品结构与地域结构)的贡献。本文采用恒定市场份额分析法(CMSA)对这些影响因素的大小做了实证分析,研究结果表明竞争力效应是中国高科技产品出口市场份额增加的主要原因,结构效应贡献很小。在结构效应中,产品效应基本上均为负值,说明了产品结构长期都不够合理,出口的高科技产品长期集中在进口需求增长速度较慢的产品类别上,因而改善出口产品结构是扩大出口的重要途径。

  11. The Risk Criteria for Discriminating Technology Innovation Investment Decision Errors of High-tech Enterprises%判别高新技术企业技术创新投资决策错误的风险准则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边云岗; 郭开仲

    2014-01-01

    The technological innovation of high-tech enterprises is a high-risk activity. High-risk means the probability of obtaining high risk gain or suffering large risk loss. Therefore, the correct decision on technological innovation investment is help-ful to maximize the investment income. Through an analysis of the law on technological innovation investment risk-benefit, it is found that an optimal degree of risk and a critical degree of risk exist in the technological innovation investment objectives. For rational decision makers, a risk tolerance interval including the optimal degree of risk should be determined, based on the enterprise's own risk tolerance and business strategy, as a the risk criteria for discriminating technology innovation investment decision errors, and an error function should be created to measure the degree of the investment decision error based on the error-eliminating theory in order to take appropriate remedial measures. Finally, a wrong decision example is analyzed to illustrate the risk criteria is scientific and rational.%高新技术企业的技术创新是一种高风险活动,高风险意味着面临获得高风险收益或遭受高风险损失的可能。因此,正确的技术创新投资决策有利于实现收益的最大化。通过对企业技术创新投资风险收益规律的分析发现,企业技术创新投资客观上存在最佳风险度和临界风险度,认为对于理性的技术创新投资决策者而言,应根据企业自身的风险承担能力和经营战略,确定包括最佳风险度在内的风险容忍区间,作为判别技术创新投资决策错误的风险准则,并通过消错理论中的错误函数度量投资决策错误的程度,以便采取相应的补救措施。最后通过错误投资决策的实例分析,说明了该风险准则的科学性和合理性。

  12. 中小高科技企业风险投资退出决策模型研究%Research on Exit Decision Model of Venture Capital of Small and Medium-sized High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雄臣; 李恩平

    2013-01-01

    Whether small and medium -sized high-tech enterprises can succeed in risk investment and whether the inves-tor rights can be achieved depend on the venture capital exit , which is a key ring of interest maximization in risk invest-ment.Based on the information asymmetry and income uncertainty characteristics in different stages , the paper gives full consideration to the portfolio strategy , the integrated use of mathematical analysis , the incomplete information static game theory and the dynamic programming method , and puts forward an exit decision model for the best interest of investors based on the equity claim comprehensive investment and objective function .This model can ensure the investor benefit maximiza-tion to a certain degree by the scientific allocation equity , debt investment proportion , scientific selection of venture capital exit time and exit manner .%中小高科技企业风险投资能否成功与投资方权益能否顺利实现取决于风险投资的退出。在整个退出过程中,风险投资退出决策是实现风险投资收益最大化的关键一环。基于中小高科技企业风险投资的不同阶段内信息不对称与收益不确定的特点,充分考虑投资组合策略,综合运用数理分析、不完全信息静态博弈理论和动态规划的方法,构造股权债权综合投资、目标函数为投资方退出利益最大化的退出决策模型。该模型主要是通过科学分配股权和债权的投资比例,科学选择风险投资的退出时机和退出方式,可一定程度地保障中小高科技企业风险投资方利益最大化。

  13. 天津市科技型中小企业国际化发展及融资研究%Research on Tianjin High-tech SMEs International Development and Financing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文文; 王媛

    2015-01-01

    科技型中小企业以其自身特有的科技创新性及对就业较大的吸纳能力,对科技和经济的发展起着重要推动作用,且正在快速成长和积极参与国际竞争中。论述了天津市科技型中小企业国际化发展的现状以及政府政策与资金扶持,分析了天津市科技型中小企业的融资需求、渠道以及遭遇瓶颈的影响因素。结果表明,天津市科技型中小企业国际化发展速度较快,但大多处于准备阶段和起步阶段。融资来源单一且信息的不对称性使这些企业面临融资困境,应改进其外向型国际化发展的模式并与同行业的中小科技型企业组成国际发展战略联盟,以整体的方式进行国际化发展。%High-tech SMEs,with its own unique technological innovation and a greater ability to absorb employment, play an important role in science and technology as well as economic development,and are rapidly growing and actively participating in international competition. We studied the current situation of Tianjin SMEs ,government policy and funding support,analyzed the financing needs and channels of Tianjin SME,also the factors affecting bottlenecks. The results show that Tianjin high-tech SMEs develop fast,but mostly in the preparation stage and infancy. Because of the single source of financing and information asymmetry,these enterprises are facing financial difficulties. We should improve its export-oriented model of international development,and make strategic alliances with others for a holistic approach to international development.

  14. 开放式创新下中小高新技术企业知识产权管理%Open Innovation-Based Intellectual Property Management for Small and Middle-Sized High-Tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文娟

    2016-01-01

    在科学技术日新月异和知识经济异军突起的时代潮流下,开放式创新作为一种新型创新模式和竞争手段而兴起,打破了传统创新模式的桎梏。本文通过与封闭式创新相比较,揭示当前我国企业的知识产权战略在管理意识、制度、机构、模式等方面存在的主要问题,分析我国中小高新企业运用开放式创新进行知识产权管理的要求和目的,提出以制度完善保障知识产权管理效能的提升,发挥政府的政策导向和促进作用,通过开放式合作促进企业自主创新能力提升等策略,为我国中小高新技术企业进行合理高效的知识产权管理提供可行性建议。%With the development of science and technology and the rise of knowledge economy, open innovation has emerged as a new means of innovation and competition, free from the limitations restraining traditional innovation model. This paper compares open innovation and closed innovation, and points out the major problems in the philosophy, regulations, organizational structure and style of management in intellectual property strategy in China’s small and mid-sized high-tech enterprises. It discusses the necessity and purposes of adopting open innovation in intellectual property management in these enterprises. It then proposes the improvement of intellectual property management regulations, utilization of government policies and open cooperation with the aim of boosting efficiency, promoting independent innovation and enhancing intellectual property management.

  15. The impact of technological M&A on innovative performance of high - tech listed companies%技术并购对高技术上市公司创新绩效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温成玉; 刘志新

    2011-01-01

    利用现存知识并获取、吸收外部知识是公司提高创新能力的关键.技术并购作为公司获取外部知识源的有效手段,日益受到公司青睐.通过对2001-2008年我国高技术上市公司为主并方的96起技术并购的实证研究,文章得出以下结论:技术并购对并购公司的创新绩效影响为正,非技术并购对并购公司创新绩效没有显著影响;目标公司技术知识基础规模对并购后并购公司的创新绩效影响为负;目标公司与并购公司技术知识基础的相对规模对并购后并购公司的创新绩效影响为负.研究结果为上市公司技术并购决策提供实证依据.%To improve innovation capability by using existing knowledge and acquiring, absorbing external knowledge is the key to the company' s innovative capability. By taking 96 technological M&A events of Chinese high - tech listed companies from 2001 to 2008 as an example,the empirical research shows that technology M&A has a positive effect on the innovation performance of the acquiring firm, non - technology M&A has a insisnificant effect on the innovation performance of the acquiring firm.The absolute size of the acquired knowledge base has a negative effect on the innovative performance of the acquiring firm, while the relative size of the acquired knowledge base reduces the innovative performance of the acquiring firm.

  16. CROMOS A cryogenic near-infrared, multi-object spectrometer for the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Genzel, R; Tomono, D; Thatte, N; Eisenhauer, F; Lehnert, M; Tecza, M; Bender, R

    2001-01-01

    We discuss a cryogenic, multi-object near-infrared spectrometer as a second generation instrument for the VLT. The spectrometer combines 20 to 40 independent integral eld units (IFUs), which can be positioned by a cryogenic robot over the entire unvignetted eld of the VLT (~7'). Each IFU consists of a contiguous cluster of 20 to 30 pixels (0.15 to 0.25" per pixel). The individual IFUs have cold fore-optics and couple into the spectrograph with integrated bers-microlenses. The spectrometer has lambda/d-lambda~4000 and simultaneously covers the J-, H-, and K-bands with three HAWAII 2 detectors. The system is designed for operation both in seeing limited and MCAO modes. Its speed is approximately 3500 times greater than that of ISAAC and 60 times greater than NIRMOS (in H-band). The proposed instrument aims at a wide range of science, ranging from studies of galaxies/clusters in the high-z Universe (dynamics and star formation in z>1 galaxies, evolution of ellipticals, properties of distant, obscured far-IR and ...

  17. High-precision astrometry on the VLT/FORS1 at time scales of few days

    CERN Document Server

    Lazorenko, P F; Dominik, M; Pepe, F; Ségransan, D; Udry, S

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the accuracy of astrometric measurements with the VLT/FORS1 camera and consider potential applications. The study is based on two-epoch (2000 and 2002/2003) frame series of observations of a selected Galactic Bulge sky region that were obtained with FORS1 during four consecutive nights each. Reductions were carried out with a novel technique that eliminates atmospheric image motion and does not require a distinction between targets and reference objects. The positional astrometric precision was found to be limited only by the accuracy of the determination of the star photocentre, which is typically 200-300 microarcsec per single measurement for bright unsaturated stars B=18-19. Several statistical tests have shown that at time-scales of 1-4 nights the residual noise in measured positions is essentially a white noise with no systematic instrumental signature and no significant deviation from a Gaussian distribution. Some evidence of a good astrometric quality of the VLT for frames separated by t...

  18. Final binary star results from the ESO VLT Lunar occultations program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richichi, A. [National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand, 191 Siriphanich Bldg., Huay Kaew Road, Suthep, Muang, Chiang Mai 50200 (Thailand); Fors, O. [Departament Astronomia i Meteorologia and Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (UB/IEEC), Martí i Franqués 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Cusano, F. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Ivanov, V. D., E-mail: andrea4work@gmail.com [European Southern Observatory, Ave. Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19 (Chile)

    2014-03-01

    We report on 13 subarcsecond binaries, detected by means of lunar occultations in the near-infrared at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT). They are all first-time detections except for the visual binary HD 158122, which we resolved for the first time in the near-infrared. The primaries have magnitudes in the range K = 4.5-10.0, and companions in the range K = 6.8-11.1. The magnitude differences have a median value of 2.4, with the largest being 4.6. The projected separations are in the range of 4-168 mas, with a median of 13 mas. We discuss and compare our results with the available literature. With this paper, we conclude the mining for binary star detections in the 1226 occultations recorded at the VLT with the ISAAC instrument. We expect that the majority of these binaries may be unresolvable by adaptive optics on current telescopes, and they might be challenging for long-baseline interferometry. However, they constitute an interesting sample for future larger telescopes and for astrometric missions such as GAIA.

  19. VLT/FORS2 observations of the optical counterpart of the isolated neutron star RBS 1774

    CERN Document Server

    Mignani, R P; Turolla, R; Haberl, F; Cropper, M; Motch, C; Treves, A; Zampieri, L

    2011-01-01

    X-ray observations performed with ROSAT led to the discovery of a group (seven to date) of X-ray dim and radio-silent middle-aged isolated neutron stars (a.k.a. XDINSs), which are characterised by pure blackbody spectra (kT~40-100 eV), long X-ray pulsations (P=3-12 s), and appear to be endowed with relatively high magnetic fields, (B~10d13-14 G). RBS 1774 is one of the few XDINSs with a candidate optical counterpart, which we discovered with the VLT. We performed deep observations of RBS 1774 in the R band with the VLT to disentangle a non-thermal power-law spectrum from a Rayleigh-Jeans, whose contributions are expected to be very much different in the red part of the spectrum. We did not detect the RBS 1774 candidate counterpart down to a 3 sigma limiting magnitude of R~27. The constraint on its colour, (B-R)<0.6, rules out that it is a background object, positionally coincident with the X-ray source. Our R-band upper limit is consistent with the extrapolation of the B-band flux (assuming a 3 sigma uncer...

  20. Using the VLT to analyze the compact photoionized regions in NGC 3109

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Peña

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Veinte nebulosas planetarias (NP y numerosas regiones HII compactas fueron detectadas en la galaxia irregular NGC3109, mediante imágenes \\en-línea" y \\fuera de línea" en [O III] 5007 obtenidas con el ESO VLT. Las NPs fueron seleccionadas como objetos estelares que no mostraran continuo estelar. Espectroscopia obtenida con el VLT FORS1 en modo multi-objeto ha permitido confirmar la naturaleza de NP para varias candidatas. Se ha obtenido también espectroscopia para varias regiones HII compactas. Los espectros son profundos de manera que muchos objetos muestran [O III] 4363 y se puede determinar la temperatura de las regiones, permitiendo analizar la composición química de NPs y regiones HII. Encontramos que las regiones HII muestran una composición química (O/H muy homogénea (en promedio 12 + log O/H = 7.79_0.10, en tanto que las NPs muestran variaciones grandes de composición química y un aparente enriquecimiento en oxígeno.

  1. VLT FORS2 comparative transmission spectral survey of clear and cloudy exoplanet atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolov, Nikolay; Sing, David K.; Gibson, Neale; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Evans, Tom M.; Barstow, Joanna; Kataria, Tiffany; Wilson, Paul

    2017-01-01

    Thousands of transiting exoplanets are known today but not many have been studied in transmission. While observations with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have started to reveal a diversity of atmosphere types, drawing robust conclusions about the underlying population is hampered by the small sample size. This can be greatly aided by ground-based telescopes, equipped with multi-object spectrographs by their unprecedented access to the abundance of fainter systems that HST cannot observe. We have initiated a ground-based, multi-object transmission spectroscopy of a handful of hot gas-giants, covering the wavelength range 360-850nm, using the recently upgraded FOcal Reducer and Spectrograph (FORS2) mounted on the Very Large Telescope (VLT). These exoplanets were selected for a comparative follow-up as their transmission spectra showed evidence for alkali metal absorption, based on the results of HST observations. Here we will discuss first results from the program, demonstrating an excellent agreement between the transmission spectra measured from VLT and HST and detections of Na and K absorption and scattering by clouds/hazes in the atmospheres of several exoplanets. More details will be discussed on the narrow alkali features obtained with FORS2 at higher resolution, revealing its high potential in obtaining optical transmission spectra, which can greatly aid comparative exoplanet studies.

  2. VLT/UVES constraints on the cosmological variability of the fine-structure constant

    CERN Document Server

    Levshakov, S A; Molaro, P; D'Odorico, S

    2004-01-01

    A differential many-multiplet (DMM) technique is developed to probe the variability of alpha. Applied to the FeII lines of the metal absorption line system at zabs = 1.839 in the spectrum of Q1101-264 obtained by means of the UV-Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT), the DMM provides da/a = (4.3+/-7.8) 10^{-6}.The zabs = 1.15 FeII system toward HE0515-4414 has been re-analyzed by the DMM method thus obtaining for the combined sample da/a = (0.7+/-3.1) 10^{-6}. These values are shifted with respect to the Keck/HIRES mean da/a = (-5.7+/-1.1) 10^{-6} (Murphy et al. 2004) at very high confidence level (95%). The fundamental photon noise limitation in the da/a measurement with the VLT/UVES is discussed to figure the prospects for future observations. It is suggested that with a spectrograph of 10 times the UVES resolution coupled to a 100m class telescope the present Oklo level (da/a >= 4.5 10^{-8}) can be achieved along cosmological distances with differential measurements of da...

  3. VLT observations of the asymmetric Etched Hourglass Nebula, MyCn 18

    CERN Document Server

    Clyne, N; Lloyd, M; Matsuura, M; Singh, N; Meaburn, J

    2014-01-01

    Context. The mechanisms that form extreme bipolar planetary nebulae remain unclear. Aims. The physical properties, structure, and dynamics of the bipolar planetary nebula, MyCn 18, are investigated in detail with the aim of understanding the shaping mechanism and evolutionary history of this object. Methods. VLT infrared images, VLT ISAAC infrared spectra, and long-slit optical Echelle spectra are used to investigate MyCn 18. Morpho-kinematic modelling was used to firmly constrain the structure and kinematics of the source. A timescale analysis was used to determine the kinematical age of the nebula and its main components. Results. A spectroscopic study of MyCn 18's central and offset region reveals the detailed make-up of its nebular composition. Molecular hydrogen, atomic helium, and Bracket gamma emission are detected from the central regions of MyCn 18. ISAAC spectra from a slit position along the narrow waist of the nebula demonstrate that the ionised gas resides closer to the centre of the nebula than ...

  4. Laser Guide Star Facility Upgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, S.; Calia, D. B.; Buzzoni, B.; Duhoux, P.; Fischer, G.; Guidolin, I.; Haimerl, A.; Hackenberg, W.; Hinterschuster, R.; Holzlöhner, R.; Jolley, P.; Pfrommer, T.; Popovic, D.; Alvarez, J.-L.; Beltran, J.; Girard, J.; Pallanca, L.; Riquelme, M.; Gonte, F.

    2014-03-01

    The Laser Guide Star Facility is part of VLT Unit Telescope 4 and provides a single centre-launched sodium beacon for the two adaptive optics instruments SINFONI and NACO. The original facility, installed in 2006, employed a high-power dye laser source, PARSEC, producing an output beam that was delivered via a single-mode optical fibre to launch optics located behind the telescope secondary mirror. We recently installed a new prototype laser source, PARLA, based on Raman optical fibre technology. Requirements for the new laser include start-up times compatible with flexible observing, an output beam appropriate for the existing fibre-delivery system and an on-sky power of up to 7 watts. This is the first time that this type of laser has been deployed at a major observing facility, and it has a pathfinder role for future adaptive optics systems. Reported here are the main results of the development, deployment and early operation since the resumption of science operation in February 2013.

  5. Quantification of non-LTE contributions to OH rotational temperatures based on VLT/X-shooter, VLT/UVES, and TIMED/SABER data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noll, Stefan; Kausch, Wolfgang; Kimeswenger, Stefan; Proxauf, Bastian; Unterguggenberger, Stefanie; Jones, Amy M.

    2016-04-01

    The hydroxyl (OH) airglow emission is very valuable for estimating atmospheric temperatures at about 87 km because it is relatively easy to measure. The usual approach is based on intensity ratios of OH lines with low rotational upper levels of a given band and the assumption of a Boltzmann distribution of the level populations consistent with the ambient temperature. However, this assumption can be unrealistic if the frequency of thermalising collisions is too low, which is most likely at the highest emission altitudes. We have investigated the amounts of possible non-LTE contributions to the measured OH rotational temperatures depending on the selected lines, band, and time of observation. For this, we used several hundred spectra from the echelle spectrograph X-shooter at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at Cerro Paranal in Chile. These data with a very wide wavelength coverage allowed us to simultaneously measure temperatures for 25 OH bands and two O2 bands. The latter were used to obtain reference temperatures, which is possible since the radiative lifetimes of the upper states are sufficiently long for establishing full thermalisation for the populations of the different rotational levels. For a comparison of the resulting temperatures, a correction of the different emission altitudes is required. Hence, we also used CO2-based temperature and OH and O2 emission profile data from the SABER multi-channel radiometer on the TIMED satellite. The altitude-corrected OH rotational temperatures show significant non-LTE effects for higher vibrational levels of the upper state v' and especially even v'. The maximum deviations of more than 10 K were found for v' = 8. The non-LTE effects can vary within a range of a few K. The studied nocturnal variations indicate that the non-LTE contributions increase when the emission layer rises. Finally, we will also present first results for several thousand spectra taken with the VLT high-resolution optical echelle spectrograph UVES

  6. Development, validity, and normative data study for the 12-word Philadelphia Verbal Learning Test [czP(r)VLT-12] among older and very old Czech adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezdicek, Ondrej; Libon, David J; Stepankova, Hana; Panenkova, Erika; Lukavsky, Jiri; Garrett, Kelly Davis; Lamar, Melissa; Price, Catherine C; Kopecek, Miloslav

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of a 12-word Czech version of the Philadelphia (repeatable) Verbal Learning Test [czP(r)VLT-12]. The construction of the czP(r)VLT-12 was modeled after the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) and the nine-word Philadelphia (repeatable) Verbal Learning Test [P(r)VLT]. The czP(r)VLT-12 was constructed from a large corpus of old (60-74) and very old (75-96) Czech adults (n = 540). Participants met strict inclusion criteria for the absence of any active or past neurodegenerative disorders and performed within normal limits on other neuropsychological measures. Principal component analysis (PCA) and correlations between czP(r)VLT-12 factor structure and other memory tests were conducted. The czP(r)VLT-12 produced a four-factor solution, accounting for 70.90% of variance, with factors related to: (1) recall, (2) extra-list intrusion errors/recognition foils, (3) interference, and (4) acquisition rate; a solution similar to the CVLT and P(r)VLT. Increasing age resulted in a decline in most czP(r)VLT-12 indices, women outperformed men, and higher education led to higher scores. Memory performance in normal aging did not correlate with instrumental activities of daily living. Low, but significant, correlations were seen with other tests of cognitive performance (divergent validity). Appendices are available that provide normed percentile estimates of individual czP(r)VLT-12 performance stratified by age, education, and gender. In accordance with previous studies, these results demonstrate the usefulness of czP(r)VLT-12 in assessing declarative memory in older adults.

  7. 仲恺高新区10种土壤重金属含量及形态分布特征%Analysis on Content and Distribution of Heavy Metals in Zhongkai High-tech Area in Huizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国莉; 范红英; 陈孟君; 宋冠华; 朱红颖

    2015-01-01

    为了解惠州仲恺高新区土壤中重金属的含量及形态分布特征,在高新区两个园区(仲恺高新科技产业园、东江高新科技产业园)分6种土壤样本布设51个采样点,用五步连续提取法提取不同形态的重金属,ICP-AES检测重金属的含量. 结果发现,整个高新区土壤中Cr、Pb、Fe、Zn、Ti的含量低于全国土壤背景值,而A1区(生产基地中部,农用土)、A2区(生产基地边缘,农用土)、A3区(自然村,农用土)、A4区(靠近铁路,农用土)以及A5区(靠近铁路公路,道路旁泥土)的As、Co、Cu、Mn、Ni 5种重金属含量高于全国土壤背景值.A4和A5区的重金属含量较其他区域高.形态分析发现,10种重金属的残渣态比例较大,Pb和Mn的可交换态比例明显高于其他8种重金属, 容易引起生态危害,Cr、Ti和Fe基本上都是以残渣态存在,存在生态危害的风险较低,对Cu、Co、Ni、As、Zn则需要进一步定点分析. 除Ti和Fe外,重金属的残渣态比例与土壤类型具有相关性, 靠近公路和铁路的交通繁华区, 土壤重金属残渣态比例较低;但在农业生产区域,土壤重金属残渣态比例较高.%Content and speciation analysis on heavy metals in Zhongkai Hi-tech Zone were analyzed in this study. Soil of Zhongkai High-Tech Industrial Park and East River high-tech industrial park wereclassified into 6 types and 53 samples were collected across all soil types. The method of five-step sequential extraction was used to extract different morphology of heavy metals.Content of heavy metals was detected with ICP-AES.Results showed that contents of Cr、Pb、Fe、Zn、Ti were not out of limits of the national standard in the whole Zhongkai Hi-tech Zone. However,contents of As,Co,Cu,Mn and Ni were higher than the national standard in A1 (agricultural soil in the middle of production base),A2 (agricultural soil at the edge of production base), A3 (agricultural soil of natural villages),A4 (agricultural

  8. MYRRHA: A multipurpose nuclear research facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baeten, P.; Schyns, M.; Fernandez, Rafaël; De Bruyn, Didier; Van den Eynde, Gert

    2014-12-01

    MYRRHA (Multi-purpose hYbrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications) is a multipurpose research facility currently being developed at SCK•CEN. MYRRHA is based on the ADS (Accelerator Driven System) concept where a proton accelerator, a spallation target and a subcritical reactor are coupled. MYRRHA will demonstrate the ADS full concept by coupling these three components at a reasonable power level to allow operation feedback. As a flexible irradiation facility, the MYRRHA research facility will be able to work in both critical as subcritical modes. In this way, MYRRHA will allow fuel developments for innovative reactor systems, material developments for GEN IV and fusion reactors, and radioisotope production for medical and industrial applications. MYRRHA will be cooled by lead-bismuth eutectic and will play an important role in the development of the Pb-alloys technology needed for the LFR (Lead Fast Reactor) GEN IV concept. MYRRHA will also contribute to the study of partitioning and transmutation of high-level waste. Transmutation of minor actinides (MA) can be completed in an efficient way in fast neutron spectrum facilities, so both critical reactors and subcritical ADS are potential candidates as dedicated transmutation systems. However critical reactors heavily loaded with fuel containing large amounts of MA pose reactivity control problems, and thus safety problems. A subcritical ADS operates in a flexible and safe manner, even with a core loading containing a high amount of MA leading to a high transmutation rate. In this paper, the most recent developments in the design of the MYRRHA facility are presented.

  9. Facilities & Leadership

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The facilities web service provides VA facility information. The VA facilities locator is a feature that is available across the enterprise, on any webpage, for the...

  10. Biochemistry Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Biochemistry Facility provides expert services and consultation in biochemical enzyme assays and protein purification. The facility currently features 1) Liquid...

  11. The VIMOS VLT Deep Survey :Evolution of the major merger rate since z~1 from spectroscopicaly confirmed galaxy pairs

    CERN Document Server

    de Ravel, L; Tresse, L; Bottini, D; Garilli, B; Le Brun, V; MacCagni, D; Scaramella, R; Scodeggio, M; Vettolani, G; Zanichelli, A; Adami, C; Arnouts, S; Bardelli, S; Bolzonella, M; Cappi, A; Charlot, S; Ciliegi, P; Contini, T; Foucaud, S; Franzetti, P; Gavignaud, I; Guzzo, L; Ilbert, O; Iovino, A; Lamareille, F; McCracken, H J; Marano, B; Marinoni, C; Mazure, A; Meneux, B; Merighi, R; Paltani, S; Pellò, R; Pollo, A; Pozzetti, L; Radovich, M; Vergani, D; Zamorani, G; Zucca, E; Bondi, M; Bongiorno, A; Brinchmann, J; Cucciati, O; De la Torre, S; Gregorini, L; Memeo, P; Pérez-Montero, E; Mellier, Y; Merluzzi, P; Temporin, S

    2008-01-01

    From the VIMOS VLT Deep Survey we use a sample of 6447 galaxies with I_{AB} 9.5 has been accreted through major merging events since z ~ 1, indicating that major mergers have contributed significantly to the growth in stellar mass density of bright galaxies over the last half of the life of the Universe.

  12. The Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey VLT/FORS2 spectroscopy in the GOODS-South Field

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanzella, E; Cristiani, S; Dickinson, M; Kuntschner, H; Moustakas, LA; Nonino, M; Rosati, P; Stern, D; Cesarsky, C; Ettori, S; Ferguson, HC; Fosbury, RAE; Giavalisco, M; Haase, J; Renzini, A; Rettura, A; Serra, P

    2005-01-01

    We present the first results of the ESO/ GOODS program of spectroscopy of faint galaxies in the Chandra Deep Field South ( CDF- S). 399 spectra of 303 unique targets have been obtained in service mode with the FORS2 spectrograph at the ESO/ VLT, providing 234 redshift determinations ( the median of

  13. The VLT LBG Redshift Survey - I. Clustering and dynamics of approximate to 1000 galaxies at z approximate to 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bielby, R. M.; Shanks, T.; Weilbacher, P. M.; Infante, L.; Crighton, N. H. M.; Bornancini, C.; Bouche, N.; Heraudeau, P.; Lambas, D. G.; Lowenthal, J.; Minniti, D.; Padilla, N.; Petitjean, P.; Theuns, T.

    2011-01-01

    We present the initial imaging and spectroscopic data acquired as part of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) VIMOS Lyman-break galaxy Survey. UBR (or UBVI) imaging covers five approximate to 36 x 36 arcmin(2) fields centred on bright z > 3 quasi-stellar objects (QSOs), allowing approximate to 21 000 2 <

  14. X-shooter: UV-to-IR intermediate-resolution high-efficiency spectrograph for the ESO VLT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D'Odorico, S.; Andersen, M.I.; Conconi, P.; De Caprio, V.; Delabre, B.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Dekker, H.; Downing, M.D.; Finger, G.; Groot, P.; Hanenburg, H.H.; Hammer, F.; Horville, D.; Hjorth, J.; Kaper, L.; Klougart, J.; Kjaergaard-Rasmussen, P.; Lizon, J.-L.; Marteaud, M.; Mazzoleni, R.; Michaelsen, N.; Pallavicini, R.; Rigal, F.; Santin, P.; Norup Soerensen, A.; Spano, P.; Venema, L.; Vola, P.; Zerbi, F.M.; Hasinger, G.; Turner, M.J.L.

    2004-01-01

    X-shooter is a single target spectrograph for the Cassegrain focus of one of the VLT UTs. It covers in a single exposure the spectral range from the UV to the H band with a possible extension into part of the K band. It is designed to maximize the sensitivity in this spectral range through the

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: O-stars in VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey (Ramirez-Agudelo+ 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Agudelo, O. H.; Simon-Diaz, S.; Sana, H.; de Koter, A.; Sabin-Sanjulian, C.; de Mink, S. E.; Dufton, P. L.; Grafener, G.; Evans, C. J.; Herrero, A.; Langer, N.; Lennon, D. J.; Maiz Apellaniz, J.; Markova, N.; Najarro, F.; Puls, J.; Vink, J. S.

    2013-09-01

    Projected rotational velocity measurements of 216 O-type stars observed at multi-epochs as part as the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey. We measured projected rotational velocities by means of a Fourier transform method and a profile fitting method applied on a set of isolated spectral lines. (2 data files).

  16. A high-resolution VLT/FLAMES study of individual stars in the centre of the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Letarte, B.; Hill, V.; Tolstoy, E.; Jablonka, P.; Shetrone, M.; Venn, K. A.; Spite, M.; Irwin, M. J.; Battaglia, G.; Helmi, A.; Primas, F.; François, P.; Kaufer, A.; Szeifert, T.; Arimoto, N.; Sadakane, K.

    2010-01-01

    For the first time we show the detailed, late-stage, chemical evolution history of a small nearby dwarf spheroidal galaxy in the Local Group. We present the results of a high-resolution (R ~ 20 000, λ = 5340-5620; 6120-6701) FLAMES/GIRAFFE abundance study at ESO/VLT of 81 photometrically selected, r

  17. A high-resolution VLT/FLAMES study of individual stars in the centre of the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Letarte, B.; Hill, V.; Tolstoy, E.; Jablonka, P.; Shetrone, M.; Venn, K. A.; Spite, M.; Irwin, M. J.; Battaglia, G.; Helmi, A.; Primas, F.; François, P.; Kaufer, A.; Szeifert, T.; Arimoto, N.; Sadakane, K.

    2010-01-01

    For the first time we show the detailed, late-stage, chemical evolution history of a small nearby dwarf spheroidal galaxy in the Local Group. We present the results of a high-resolution (R similar to 20 000, lambda = 5340-5620; 6120-6701) FLAMES/GIRAFFE abundance study at ESO/VLT of 81 photometrical

  18. Direct exoplanet detection and characterization using the ANDROMEDA method: Performance on VLT/NaCo data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantalloube, F.; Mouillet, D.; Mugnier, L. M.; Milli, J.; Absil, O.; Gomez Gonzalez, C. A.; Chauvin, G.; Beuzit, J.-L.; Cornia, A.

    2015-10-01

    Context. The direct detection of exoplanets with high-contrast imaging requires advanced data processing methods to disentangle potential planetary signals from bright quasi-static speckles. Among them, angular differential imaging (ADI) permits potential planetary signals with a known rotation rate to be separated from instrumental speckles that are either statics or slowly variable. The method presented in this paper, called ANDROMEDA for ANgular Differential OptiMal Exoplanet Detection Algorithm, is based on a maximum likelihood approach to ADI and is used to estimate the position and the flux of any point source present in the field of view. Aims: In order to optimize and experimentally validate this previously proposed method, we applied ANDROMEDA to real VLT/NaCo data. In addition to its pure detection capability, we investigated the possibility of defining simple and efficient criteria for automatic point source extraction able to support the processing of large surveys. Methods: To assess the performance of the method, we applied ANDROMEDA on VLT/NaCo data of TYC-8979-1683-1 which is surrounded by numerous bright stars and on which we added synthetic planets of known position and flux in the field. In order to accommodate the real data properties, it was necessary to develop additional pre-processing and post-processing steps to the initially proposed algorithm. We then investigated its skill in the challenging case of a well-known target, β Pictoris, whose companion is close to the detection limit and we compared our results to those obtained by another method based on principal component analysis (PCA). Results: Application on VLT/NaCo data demonstrates the ability of ANDROMEDA to automatically detect and characterize point sources present in the image field. We end up with a robust method bringing consistent results with a sensitivity similar to the recently published algorithms, with only two parameters to be fine tuned. Moreover, the companion flux

  19. Technical Features and Evolution Trend of High-Tech Products Export of China, Japan and South Korea——An Empirical Study Based on the Export Sophistication%中日韩高技术产品出口贸易技术特征和演进趋势研究——基于出口复杂度的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤碧

    2012-01-01

    As the core of a country's technological strength, high-tech industries become more and more important. China, Japan and South Korea are the major exporter of high-tech products and the FTA negotiations among them are about to start. In this context, this paper described the status of high-tech products of China, Japan and South Korea. It applied the export Sophistication index constructed by Hausmann to estimate high-tech products export Sophistication of China, Japan and South Korea's with HS 4-digit. Then it analyzed the technical features and the evolution trend of high-tech products export in China, Japan and South Korea. The authors found that although China has become the world's largest high-tech products export country, Japan and South Korea's high-tech products embodied higher technology and their high- tech industry are more mature, while the technology gap of high-tech industry exports between China and Japan-Korea is expanding. Finally, the paper put forward relevant proposals in order to promote the technical level of China's high-tech industry.%高技术制造业作为一国技术实力的核心,日益受到各国的重视。中日韩三国均为高技术产品出口大国,而且中日韩FTA谈判即将启动。在此背景下,本文在描述了中日韩三国高技术产品现状的基础上,采用Hausmann构造的出口复杂度指数,按HS4位编码测算了中日韩三国高技术产品的出口复杂度,并据此分析了中日韩三国高技术产品出口的技术特征和发展趋势。我们发现,虽然中国已经成为全球最大的高技术产品出口国家,但日本和韩国的高技术产品技术含量更高,高技术产业发展更加成熟,而且中国与日韩高技术产业出口产品的技术含量差距正在扩大。最后,本文就此提出相关建议,以促进中国高技术产业的技术水平进一步提升。

  20. 欠发达地区高技术产业发展的影响因素分析——以甘肃省为例%Analysis on Influencing Factors in High-tech Industry Development for Less Developed Areas——Take Gansu Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓娟; 李玉婵

    2013-01-01

    The article, based on the scientific concept of development, took Gansu province as an example to establish a modeling system called " the evaluation of influencing factors in high - tech industry development".Considering the impact of index weights and time weights, it took the quantitative analysis of the constraints in high - tech industry development with the improving method of the weighted gray relational analysis.According to the empirical results, the paper proposed a general idea of the focus in promoting the scientific and technological progress and industrial innovation.It also put forward five priorities of improving the overall labour productivity, training technological personnel, increasing investment in fixed assets, expanding the scale of patent and strengthening the government finances guidance.All these could provide a scientific basis and possible countermeasures for the development of high - tech industry.%从科学发展观的角度出发,以甘肃省为例,建立“高技术产业影响因素评价”的模型化体系,综合考虑指标权重和时间权重的影响,采用加权灰色关联度的改进方法对高技术产业发展中的影响因素进行基于时序数据的系统定量分析.根据分析结论,提出重点推进科技进步与产业创新、提高全员劳动生产率、开发培养科技人才、增加固定资产投资、扩大专利规模、加强政府资金引导等具体工作重点,为甘肃省高技术产业发展提供了可行的对策措施.

  1. 职业流动性对高新技术产业集群形成和可持续性发展的影响分析——以圣迭戈生物技术企业集群为例%The Impact Analysis of Career Mobility on the Formation and Sustainable Development of High-tech Industrial Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永安; 王燕妮

    2011-01-01

    职业流动性在高新技术产业集群形成和可持续性发展过程中的作用不可忽视.通过分析圣迭戈生物技术集群形成和可持续发展的机理,探讨了职业流动性在圣迭戈生物技术集群形成和可持续性发展过程中的作用.进而,通过分析我国高新技术产业集群中职业流动性的现状及导致该现状的原因,提出了我国各区域在促进职业流动过程中应该采取的主要措施,旨在促使我国高技新技术产业集群获得又快又好的发展.%During the formation and sustainable development of high-tech industrial clusters, career mobility cannot be ignored. Through analyzing how did the San Diego biotechnology cluster be formed and developed, this paper explores the role of career mobility during the formation and sustainable development of San Diego biotechnology cluster. Then, by analyzing the career mobility current situation of Chinese high-tech industrial clusters and the reason, this paper puts forward some measures in order to promote the career mobility of Chinese region, aiming at the Chinese high-tech industrial clusters develop faster and better.

  2. Research on the Impact of Intellectual Property Protection on the Technology Innovation Channel of High-tech Industry%知识产权保护对高技术产业技术创新渠道的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 徐雨杰

    2016-01-01

    在考察知识产权保护对高技术企业技术创新的影响时,文中运用Griliches-Jaffe知识生产函数对我国2005-2014年大中型高技术企业面板数据进行了实证分析。结果显示,知识产权保护在激励企业自主研发、提高国外技术引进的效果上均发挥了正向作用,但知识产权保护对FDI技术溢出效应的影响并不显著。文中的研究将有助于相关政策制定者更好的运用知识产权保护政策以促进高技术企业技术的创新发展。%In the study of intellectual property protection on technological innovation of high tech enterprises,the article uses the knowledge production function of Griliches -Jaffe conducted an empirical analysis of China's 2005 -2014 large and medium-sized high-tech enterprises panel data.The results show that the protection of intellectual property rights to encourage enterprises to independent research and development.Improving the effect of the introduction of foreign technology has played a positive role,but the effect of IPR protection on FDI technology spillover effect is not significant.The study of this paper will help the relevant policy makers to better use of intellectual property protection policies to promote the innovation and development of high-tech enterprise technology.

  3. 我国高新技术企业技术创新模式选择研究——基于演化博弈的视角%The technological innovation mode selection of Chinese new and high-tech enterprises based on evolutionary game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴园园; 梅强

    2013-01-01

    In order to investigate the inner mechanism of technological innovation mode selection for new and high - tech enterprises, a game model of new and high - tech enterprises' technological innovation mode selection is constructed and the evolution dynamic stability of strategy selection is analyzed with the help of evolutionary economics. Through a numerical simulation, it shows the impact of different decision parameters and initial conditions on the results evolution. The conclusions reveal that the evolution system of technological innovation mode selection for new and high - tech enterprises converges to two types of patterns; one is ideal status, while the other is a poor "lock in" status. By adjusting the decision parameters, it makes enterprises be free from the poor "lock in" condition and lead them to evolve towards an expected direction.%为研究高新技术企业的技术创新模式选择行为的内在决策机理,借助演化经济学研究工具,构建了高新技术企业技术创新模式选择的博弈模型,并对策略选择进行了演化动态稳定性分析,用数值仿真演示了决策参数的不同取值和初始条件的改变对演化结果的影响.结果表明:高新技术企业技术创新模式选择演化系统收敛于两种模式,一种为理想状态,一种为不良“锁定”状态;通过调节参数可以跳出不良“锁定”状态,诱导企业朝着期望的方向演化.

  4. The Influence Path of High-tech Enterprises Innovation Network Capability on Innovation Network Performance%高新技术企业创新网络能力对创新网络绩效的影响路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游达明; 李志鹏; 杨晓辉

    2015-01-01

    在深入分析高新技术企业技术创新网络的构成要素及其相互关系的基础上,运用系统动力学方法,构建其技术创新网络能力与创新网络绩效的流量图,探索了创新网络能力对创新网络绩效的影响路径及其网络中其他变量对它们的敏感度,并通过Vensim DSS软件对其进行了仿真模拟。实证结果表明:(1)在复杂的技术创新系统中,单纯地加大研究经费的投入,创新网络绩效增加不明显;(2)创新网络绩效稳定地保持高值,此时企业与地方政府合作力度因子阈值为0.3,创新成果淘汰比例阈值为0.4,科研机构退出比例阈值为0.1;(3)当供应商合作力度因子取值较大时(取值0.9),整个创新网络的创新管理成本平均值在最低处小幅波动。%Based on the deep analysis of high-tech enterprises' technology innovation network elements and the re-lations among them, a flow diagram about relationship of the technology innovation network capability and innova-tion network performance was built through system dynamics method. The model explored the effects path of the innovation network capability to innovation network performance and the sensitivity of other variables in the net-work to them and the system dynamical model was realized by software tool Vensim DSS. The empirical researches show that: Firstly, in the complex technology innovation system, innovation network performance's increase is not obvious through increasing investment in research funding simply; Secondly, when innovation network performance obtains steady high value, the values of enterprises and local government cooperation strength factor is 0.3, elimi-nating ration of innovation performance 0.4, out of proportion on scientific research institution 0.1; Thirdly, when suppliers strength factor is lager values, the whole innovation network's cost of innovation management remains small fluctuations in the lowest place.

  5. 中间产品进口对中国高技术产品出口技术含量的影响%Import of Intermediate Products Impact on Exports Technology of China's High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖浩; 胡小娟; 辛丽萍

    2015-01-01

    在新贸易理论的指导下,国际贸易模式不断发展与创新,产品内贸易盛行。本文根据2000—2013年高技术产品五大行业面板数据,基于豪斯曼构建的产品出口复杂度指标对中国高技术产品的出口技术含量进行测度,得出这期间其出口技术含量呈现逐年上升的趋势。本文引入虚拟变量,实证分析 FDI、R&D 及中间产品进口五大行业对其出口技术含量的影响。结果表明,总体来说 FDI、R&D 和中间产品进口均有助于提升产品的出口技术含量;但对细分行业来说,中间产品进口与出口技术含量的关系是不确定的,需要区分不同类型的产品,电子及通信设备、电子计算机及办公设备和医疗设备及仪器仪表三类产品的中间产品进口会促进高技术产品出口技术含量的提升,而医药和航空航天器产品的中间产品进口则会阻碍其出口技术含量的提升。%Under the guidance of the new trade theory,the modes of international trade are developing and in-novating,and trades in products are popular.In this paper,according to the five industry panel data from 2000 to 2013,and export complexity index based on Hausmann,it is concluded that the export technical content showed a trend of rising year by year.This paper introduces virtual variables,analyzing FDI,R&D and import of intermediate products,and the results show that the overall FDI,R&D and the import of intermediate products can promote the export of the product technology content,but for niche business,the import and export of intermediate product tech-nology content are not quite related,which need to distinguish among different types of products.Importing in terme-diate products of electronic and communication equipment,computers and office equipment,and medical equipment and instrumentation can promote the export of high-tech products,while importing intermediate products of pharma-ceutical and aerial will

  6. SPATIAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT LEVEL IN CHINA AND ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCING FACTORS%中国高新技术产业发展水平格局演变及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨清可; 段学军; 张伟; 叶磊

    2014-01-01

    High-tech industry represents a country's scientific and technological strength and promotes the economic development,which has brought to the attention of the countries and regions.This paper introduces a measure of the development level of high-tech industry and analyzes the changes of provincial high-tech industry development level between 2000 and 2010.The results show as follows.(1)The gap of development level on temporal evolution analysis of Chinese high-tech industry continuously extends during two periods of 2000 2005 and 2005-2010.Data shows that the provinces staying in a high level have the more rapid development speed than that in low level,and provinces which keep in the high level are the real driving force of development of high tech industry in China.Although the overall level of provincial high-tech industrial development is constantly moving forward,the differences between regions continue to expand and the phenomenon of the strong being stronger and the weak being weaker namely "Matthew Effect" gradually emerges.(2)The provinces development index of which stay at the higher level and a high level mainly concentrate in the eastern coastal province.Low level provinces except the Shaanxi are increasing,of which the agglomeration trends to the central and western regions.The geographical scope is expanding,it has strong spatial correlation and exists "club convergence" phenomenon.(3)Basic factors,economic factors,policy factors and other traditional factors on the early period of high-tech industry development play the apparent role in promoting the development level With the industrial development to a higher level and the gradual improvement of the policy environment,the effect of traditional factors is gradually flattening.However,the influence of gathering,human capital and other new emerging factors on high-tech industries continue to strengthen and the role of location factors has been evident,which coincides the development characteristics of

  7. The Research on the Developing Strategies of High-tech Industry in Yunnan During the “The Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”%云南“十三五”期间高新技术产业发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许平平; 寸晓宏; 时斌

    2016-01-01

    Scientific and technological progress as well as the emergence of new technology promotes the growth of regional economy.Only to enhance exploitation of products with high technical content and high value-added and to realize industrialization can create huge economic benefits.Under the new economic form of the Chinese“13th Five-Year Plan”,this article studies intensifying high-tech research and develop-ment,transformation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements,it puts forwards strategies for the development of high-tech industry in Yunnan Province,dedicates to change the status quo such as severe brain drain,unbalanced regional development and unreasonable development of big data in-dustry,and it clarifies work direction for high-tech industrialization during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, and plays a positive role in speeding up the development of Yunnan high-tech industry.%科技进步和高新技术的发展促进区域经济的增长。加强高新技术含量、高附加值产品的开发并逐步使之产业化,才能创造出巨大的经济效益。本文在国家“十三五”规划的新经济形态下,研究了进一步加强高新技术研究开发、科技成果转化和产业化工作,提出了云南省高新技术产业致力改变科技人员流失严重、区域发展不均衡、大数据产业发展不合理等现状的策略,明确了云南省“十三五”期间高新技术产业化工作的方向,对加快发展云南高新技术产业起到积极的促进作用。

  8. 科技创新对江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力影响分析%Analysis of Influence of Scientific and Technological Innovation on Export Competitiveness of High -tech Products in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明洁; 朱姗姗; 李根

    2015-01-01

    This paper divides export competitiveness of high -tech products in Jiangsu Province into absolute competitive-ness and relative competitiveness by Factor Analysis method based on the annual data of Jiangsu from 2003 to 2011.This paper subdivides scientific technological innovation into nine indicators from the angle of different subjects,analyzes the im-pact of them on export competitiveness of high -tech products by using Grey Relational Analysis.The empirical results in-dicate that there is a strong correlation between export competitiveness of high -tech products in Jiangsu Province and sci-entific technological innovation.The correlation between digestion and absorption intensity,local financial allocations on science and technology,the number of scientific and technological infrastructure,the number of patent applications and ex-port competitiveness of high -tech products is relatively weak.Finally,it proposes some suggestions from the angle of en-terprise and the government.%基于江苏省2003-2011年高新技术产品出口数据,运用因子分析法将江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力分为绝对竞争力和相对竞争力,并从不同主体角度将科技创新细化为9个指标,接着利用灰色关联法实证其对高新技术产品出口竞争力的影响,进而得出科技创新与江苏省高新技术产品出口竞争力的关联度很高,其中消化吸收强度、地方财政科技拨款、科技基础设施数、专利申请数的影响相对较小,最后从企业、政府等角度提出相关建议。

  9. Empirical analysis on relationship between FDI and technological content of export products:a comparison of high-tech industry and traditional manufacturing industry%FDI与出口贸易品技术含量关系的实证分析∗--高新技术产业与传统制造业的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媛; 杨乐; 汪伟

    2014-01-01

    以FDI与我国出口贸易品技术含量的关系作为切入点,选择通信设备、计算机制造业、医药制造业作为高新技术产业的代表,通用设备制造业、专用设备制造业作为传统制造业的代表。根据这4个行业1997—2011年利用外资与出口贸易品技术含量的数据,基于面板数据模型对高新技术产业和传统制造业FDI与出口贸易品技术含量之间的长期均衡关系及相关性进行实证分析。结果表明:高新技术产业利用外资与出口贸易品技术含量存在着长期均衡稳定关系,出口贸易品技术含量随着高新技术产业利用外资的增加而提高,并有明显的促进作用,而传统制造业利用外资对出口贸易品技术含量的影响有限。%Started from the relationship between FDI and technological content of export products in China, the communication equipment, computer manufacturing and pharmaceutical manufacturing industries are selected to represent high-tech industry, and the general-purpose equipment manufacturing and special-purpose equipment manufacturing industries are selected to represent traditional manufacturing industry. According to the data of FDI and technological content of export products of the four industries from 1997 to 2011 , empirical study is produced on the long-term equilibrium relationship and correlation between FDI and technological content of export products in high-tech industry and traditional manufacturing industry based on panel data model. The results show that long-term equilibrium relationship exists between FDI and technological content of export products in high-tech industry, the technological content of export products increases along with the increase of FDI in high-tech industry, which has significant promoting effect, while the inflence of FDI on technological content of export products in traditional manufacturing industry is limited.

  10. Construction and Empirical Analysis of the Model of Financial Support for the Development of High-tech Industry in China%我国金融支持高新技术产业发展模型的构建及实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢沛善

    2013-01-01

    Association and causation between financial support and the development of high-tech industry are rich in policy implications. In this paper,the author optimized core indicators reflecting financial scale, financial structure and financial efficiency,then screened and determined metrics reflecting competitiveness of high-tech industry,built the correlation model of financial support and high-tech industries development, investigated and analyzed co-relationship of financial scale growth,financial structure optimization,financial efficiency of industrial development in China. Co-integration results show that there is a long-term positive correlation between financial scale,financial structure,financial efficiency and industrial development. Further Granger causality test indicates that financial scale and financial efficiency play an important role on promoting high-tech industry development.%金融支持与高新技术产业发展的关联性及因果关系蕴含着丰富的政策意义。本文优化选取反映金融规模、金融结构、金融效率的核心指标,筛选确定高新技术产业发展的衡量指标,构建金融支持高新技术产业发展的关联度模型,考察分析中国金融规模成长、金融结构优化与金融效率提升与高新技术产业发展的相互关系。协整分析结果表明,金融规模、金融结构、金融效率与高新技术产业发展之间具有长期的正向相关关系。进一步Granger因果关系检验则表明,金融规模和金融效率指标对于高新技术产业发展有着重要推动作用。

  11. Analysis of the Theory of Brand Personality with Dongguan Songshan Lake High-tech Park Brand Development Strategy and Marketing Strategy%结合品牌个性理论分析东莞松山湖高新科技园区品牌发展策略及营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何瀚玮

    2015-01-01

    这篇概念研究论文主要目的是借助品牌个性理论以及品牌相关的概念剖析东莞市松山湖高新科技园区如何树立自己的区域品牌形象。%The main purpose of this article is how to set up their regional brand image with the aid of the brand personality theo-ry and the brand related concepts in the Dongguan Songshan Lake High-tech Park.

  12. Status and new operation modes of the versatile VLT/NACO

    CERN Document Server

    Girard, Julien H V; Quanz, Sascha P; Kenworthy, Matthew A; Rengaswamy, Sridharan; Schödel, Rainer; Gallenne, Alexandre; Gillessen, Stefan; Huerta, Nicolas; Kervella, Pierre; Kornweibel, Nick; Lenzen, Rainer; Mérand, Antoine; Montagnier, Guillaume; O'Neal, Jared; Zins, Gérard; IOT, the NACO; 10.1117/12.856799

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims at giving an update on the most versatile adaptive optics fed instrument to date, the well known and successful NACO . Although NACO is only scheduled for about two more years at the Very Large Telescope (VLT), it keeps on evolving with additional operation modes bringing original astronomical results. The high contrast imaging community uses it creatively as a test-bench for SPHERE and other second generation planet imagers. A new visible wavefront sensor (WFS) optimized for Laser Guide Star (LGS) operations has been installed and tested, the cube mode is more and more requested for frame selection on bright sources, a seeing enhancer mode (no tip/tilt correction) is now offered to provide full sky coverage and welcome all kind of extragalactic applications, etc. The Instrument Operations Team (IOT) and Paranal engineers are currently working hard at maintaining the instrument overall performances but also at improving them and offering new capabilities, providing the community with a well tu...

  13. Developing an instrument simulator: experience feedback from the JWST/NIRSpec and VLT/MUSE simulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarno, Aurélien; Piqueras, Laure; Bacon, Roland; Ferruit, Pierre; Legros, Emeline; Pécontal-Rousset, Arlette; Gnata, Xavier; Streicher, Ole; Weilbacher, Peter

    2012-09-01

    The Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon (CRAL) has recently developed two instrument simulators for spectrographic instruments. They are based on Fourier optics, and model the whole chain of acquisition, taking into account both optical aberrations and diffraction effects, by propagating a wavefront through the instrument, according to the Fourier optics concept. One simulates the NIRSpec instrument, a near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the future James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). The other one models the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) instrument, a second-generation integral-field spectrograph for the Very Large Telescope (VLT). The two simulators have been developed in different contexts (subcontracted versus developed internally), and for very different instruments (space-based versus ground-based), which strengthen the CRAL experience. This paper describes the lessons learned while developing these simulators: development methods, phasing with the project, points to focus on, getting data, interacting with scientists and users, etc.

  14. Revealing deuterium Balmer lines in HII regions with VLT-UVES

    CERN Document Server

    Hébrard, G; Walsh, J R; Vidal-Madjar, A; Ferlet, R

    2000-01-01

    The search for deuterium Balmer lines with VLT-UVES is reported in HII regions of the Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds. The DI lines appear as faint, narrow emission features in the blue wings of the HI Balmer lines and can be distinguished from high-velocity HI emission. The previous identification to deuterium is re-inforced beyond doubt. The detection of D-alpha and D-beta in Orion (Hebrard et al. 2000) is confirmed and deuterium lines are now detected up to at least D-eta. The UVES observations provide the first detection of Balmer DI lines in four new HII regions (M 8, M 16, M 20, and DEM S 103 in SMC), demonstrating that these lines are of common occurence.

  15. VLT transit and occultation photometry for the bloated planet CoRoT-1b

    CERN Document Server

    Gillon, M; Triaud, A H M J; Barman, T; Hebb, L; Montalban, J; Maxted, P F L; Queloz, D; Deleuil, M; Magain, P

    2009-01-01

    We present VLT eclipse photometry for the giant planet CoRoT-1b. We observed a transit in the R-band filter and an occultation in a narrow filter centered on 2.09 microns. Our analysis of this new photometry and published radial velocities, in combination with stellar-evolutionary modeling, leads to a planetary mass and radius of 1.07 (+0.13,-0.18) M_Jup and 1.45 (+0.07,-0.13) R_Jup, confirming the very low density previously deduced from CoRoT photometry. The large occultation depth that we measure at 2.09 microns (0.278 (+0.043,-0.066) %) is consistent with thermal emission and is better reproduced by an atmospheric model with no redistribution of the absorbed stellar flux to the night side of the planet.

  16. Mid-IR observations of NGC 1068 with VLT/VISIR

    CERN Document Server

    Poncelet, A; Perrin, G; Sol, H; Lagage, P O

    2006-01-01

    We present a speckle analysis of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) inside the archetype Seyfert type 2 galaxy NGC 1068. This study is based on 12.8 microns images obtained with the burst mode of VISIR (the Very Large Telescope Imager and Spectrometer in the InfraRed). The interferometric processing allows to push the resolution far below the diffraction limit of a 8m telescope in the N-band and to trace two main contributions to the mid-IR flux inside the nucleus. It also allows to partially fill the lack of visibility points at low spatial frequencies. The confrontation with VLT/MIDI (the Mid-InfrareD Interferometer) data points helps to establish the link between dust in the vicinity of the central engine and inside the ionisation cone to get a multi-scale picture of mid-IR sources emitting in the nucleus of NGC 1068.

  17. The Space Missions WAXS/WFXT and SWIFT New Targets for the VLT

    CERN Document Server

    Chincarini, G L

    1999-01-01

    At OAB we were, during the year 1998, deeply involved in planning two important space missions for which very large ground based telescopes, VLT in particular, would play a very large and important role in the optical followup. The study of the first mission, Wide Angle X-ray Survey using a Wide Field X-ray Telescope, was coordinated by the Observatory of Brera, involved mainly Italian industries and resulted in a proposal to the Italian Space Agency under the Small Satellite Program. The second mission, SWIFT, has been coordinated and directed by the Goddard Space Flight Center and resulted in the submission of a proposal to NASA under the MIDEX program. The science goal of this mission is the detection and study of the Gamma-ray bursts.

  18. Direct exoplanet detection and characterization using the ANDROMEDA method: Performance on VLT/NaCo data

    CERN Document Server

    Cantalloube, F; Mugnier, L M; Milli, J; Absil, O; Gonzalez, C A Gomez; Chauvin, G; Beuzit, J -L; Cornia, A

    2015-01-01

    Context. The direct detection of exoplanets with high-contrast imaging requires advanced data processing methods to disentangle potential planetary signals from bright quasi-static speckles. Among them, angular differential imaging (ADI) permits potential planetary signals with a known rotation rate to be separated from instrumental speckles that are either statics or slowly variable. The method presented in this paper, called ANDROMEDA for ANgular Differential OptiMal Exoplanet Detection Algorithm is based on a maximum likelihood approach to ADI and is used to estimate the position and the flux of any point source present in the field of view. Aims. In order to optimize and experimentally validate this previously proposed method, we applied ANDROMEDA to real VLT/NaCo data. In addition to its pure detection capability, we investigated the possibility of defining simple and efficient criteria for automatic point source extraction able to support the processing of large surveys. Methods. To assess the performan...

  19. The binarity status of stars with and without planets Probed with vlt/naco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Udry

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las propiedades de los planetas en orbita alrededor de una componente de una estrella binaria o m ultiple son distintas a las de los planetas de las estrellas aisladas (Udry et al., 2004. Describimos un sondeo con la optica adaptativa VLT/NACO que intenta estudiar el efecto de la duplicidad estelar en la formaci on y evoluci on de los planetas, comparando la estad stica de las compa~neras d ebiles en muestras de estrellas con y sin planetas, seleccionadas en forma similar. Los resultados nos permitir an discriminar entre los modelos para la formaci on de planetas (acreci on o inestabilidad del disco. Los resultados preliminares son muy interesantes: el 20 7% de las estrellas \\sencillas" tienen compa~neras dentro de 1000, mientras que s olo el 3 3% de compa~neras equivalentes se encuentran cerca de las estrellas que albergan.

  20. Deep census of variable stars in a VLT/VIMOS field in Carina

    CERN Document Server

    Pietrukowicz, P; Fernández, J M; Pietrzynski, G; Ruiz, M T; Gieren, W; Diaz, R F; Zoccali, M; Hempel, M

    2009-01-01

    We have searched for variable stars in deep V-band images of a field towards the Galactic plane in Carina. The images were taken with VIMOS instrument at ESO VLT during 4 contiguous nights in April 2005. We detected 348 variables among 50897 stars in the magnitude range between V=15.4 and V=24.5 mag. Upon detection, we classified the variables by direct eye inspection of their light curves. All variable objects but 9 OGLE transits in the field are new discoveries. We provide a complete catalog of all variables which includes eclipsing/ellipsoidal binaries, miscellaneous pulsators (mostly delta Scuti-type variables), stars with flares and other (irregular and likely long-period) variables. Only two of the stars in our sample are known to host planets. Our result give some implications for future large variability surveys.

  1. Close Companions to Nearby Young Stars from Adaptive Optics Imaging on VLT and Keck

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haisch, Karl E.; Jayawardhana, Ray; Brandeker, Alexis; Mardones, Diego

    We report the results of VLT and Keck adaptive optics surveys of known members of the η Chamaeleontis, MBM 12, and TW Hydrae (TWA) associations to search for close companions. The multiplicity statistics of η Cha, MBM 12, and TWA are quite high compared with other clusters and associations, although our errors are large due to small number statistics. We have resolved S18 in MBM 12 and RECX 9 in η Cha into triples for the first time. The tight binary TWA 5Aab in the TWA offers the prospect of measuring the dynamical masses of both components as well as an independent distance to the system within a few years. The AO detection of the close companion to the nearby young star χ1 Orionis, previously inferred from radial velocity and astrometric observations, has already made it possible to derive the dynamical masses of that system without any astrophysical assumption.

  2. Close Companions to Nearby Young Stars from Adaptive Optics Imaging on VLT and Keck

    CERN Document Server

    Haisch, K E; Brandeker, A; Mardones, D; Jr., Karl E. Haisch; Jayawardhana, Ray; Brandeker, Alexis; Mardones, Diego

    2003-01-01

    We report the results of VLT and Keck adaptive optics surveys of known members of the Eta Chamaeleontis, MBM 12, and TW Hydrae (TWA) associations to search for close companions. The multiplicity statistics of Eta Cha, MBM 12, and TWA are quite high compared with other clusters and associations, although our errors are large due to small number statistics. We have resolved S18 in MBM 12 and RECX 9 in Eta Cha into triples for the first time. The tight binary TWA 5Aab in the TWA offers the prospect of measuring the dynamical masses of both components as well as an independent distance to the system within a few years. The AO detection of the close companion to the nearby young star Chi^1 Orionis, previously inferred from radial velocity and astrometric observations, has already made it possible to derive the dynamical masses of that system without any astrophysical assumption.

  3. VLT/UVES constraints on the cosmological variability of the fine-structure constant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levshakov, S. A.; Centurión, M.; Molaro, P.; D'Odorico, S.

    2005-05-01

    We propose a new methodology for probing the cosmological variability of α from pairs of Fe II lines (SIDAM, single ion differential α measurement) observed in individual exposures from a high resolution spectrograph. By this we avoid the influence of the spectral shifts due to (i) ionization inhomogeneities in the absorbers; and (ii) non-zero offsets between different exposures. Applied to the Fe II lines of the metal absorption line system at z_abs = 1.839 in the spectrum of Q 1101-264 obtained by means of the UV-Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) at the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT), SIDAM provides Δα/α = (2.4±3.8_stat)×10-6. The z_abs = 1.15 Fe II system toward HE 0515-4414 has been re-analyzed by this method thus obtaining for the combined sample Δα/α = (0.4±1.5_stat)×10-6. These values are shifted with respect to the Keck/HIRES mean Δα/α = (-5.7 ± 1.1_stat)×10-6 (Murphy et al. 2004) at very high confidence level (95%). The fundamental photon noise limitation in the Δα/α measurement with the VLT/UVES is discussed to figure the prospects for future observations. It is suggested that with a spectrograph of ~10 times the UVES dispersion coupled to a 100 m class telescope the present Oklo level (Δα/α ≥ 4.5 × 10-8) can be achieved along cosmological distances with differential measurements of Δα/α.

  4. RADIAL VELOCITIES FROM VLT-KMOS SPECTRA OF GIANT STARS IN THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER NGC 6388

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapenna, E.; Mucciarelli, A.; Lanzoni, B.; Ferraro, F. R.; Dalessandro, E. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università degli Studi di Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Origlia, L. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani, 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Valenti, E. [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei München (Germany); Cirasuolo, M. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh and STFC, UK Astronomy Technology Center Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, EH9 3HJ, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    2015-01-01

    We present new radial velocity measurements for 82 stars, members of the Galactic globular cluster (GC) NGC 6388, obtained from ESO-VLT K-band Multi Object Spectrograph (KMOS) spectra acquired during the instrument Science Verification. The accuracy of the wavelength calibration is discussed and a number of tests of the KMOS response are presented. The cluster systemic velocity obtained (81.3 ± 1.5 km s{sup –1}) is in very good agreement with previous determinations. While a hint of ordered rotation is found between 9'' and 20'' from the cluster center, where the distribution of radial velocities is clearly bimodal, more data are needed before drawing any firm conclusions. The acquired sample of radial velocities has also been used to determine the cluster velocity dispersion (VD) profile between ∼9'' and 70'', supplementing previous measurements at r < 2'' and r > 60'' obtained with ESO-SINFONI and ESO-FLAMES spectroscopy, respectively. The new portion of the VD profile nicely matches the previous ones, better defining the knee of the distribution. The present work clearly shows the effectiveness of a deployable integral field unit in measuring the radial velocities of individual stars for determining the VD profile of Galactic GCs. It represents the pilot project for an ongoing large program with KMOS and FLAMES at the ESO-VLT, aimed at determining the next generation of VD and rotation profiles for a representative sample of GCs.

  5. Calibration of quasi-static aberrations in exoplanet direct-imaging instruments with a Zernike phase-mask sensor. II. Concept validation with ZELDA on VLT/SPHERE

    CERN Document Server

    N'Diaye, M; Dohlen, K; Sauvage, J -F; Caillat, A; Costille, A; Girard, J H V; Beuzit, J -L; Fusco, T; Blanchard, P; Merrer, J Le; Mignant, D Le; Madec, F; Moreaux, G; Mouillet, D; Puget, P; Zins, G

    2016-01-01

    Warm or massive gas giant planets, brown dwarfs, and debris disks around nearby stars are now routinely observed by dedicated high-contrast imaging instruments on large, ground-based observatories. These facilities include extreme adaptive optics (ExAO) and state-of-the-art coronagraphy to achieve unprecedented sensitivities for exoplanet detection and spectral characterization. However, differential aberrations between the ExAO sensing path and the science path represent a critical limitation for the detection of giant planets with a contrast lower than a few $10^{-6}$ at very small separations (<0.3\\as) from their host star. In our previous work, we proposed a wavefront sensor based on Zernike phase contrast methods to circumvent this issue and measure these quasi-static aberrations at a nanometric level. We present the design, manufacturing and testing of ZELDA, a prototype that was installed on VLT/SPHERE during its reintegration in Chile. Using the internal light source of the instrument, we performed...

  6. The Extended Chandra Deep Field-South Survey: Optical spectroscopy of faint X-ray sources with the VLT and Keck

    CERN Document Server

    Silverman, J D; Salvato, M; Hasinger, G; Bergeron, J; Capak, P; Szokoly, G; Finoguenov, A; Gilli, R; Rosati, P; Tozzi, P; Vignali, C; Alexander, D M; Brandt, W N; Lehmer, B D; Luo, B; Rafferty, D; Xue, Y Q; Balestra, I; Bauer, F E; Brusa, M; Comastri, A; Kartaltepe, J; Koekemoer, A M; Miyaji, T; Schneider, D P; Treister, E; Wisotski, L; Schramm, M

    2010-01-01

    We present the results of a program to acquire high-quality optical spectra of X-ray sources detected in the E-CDF-S and its central area. New spectroscopic redshifts are measured for 283 counterparts to Chandra sources with deep exposures (t~2-9 hr per pointing) using multi-slit facilities on both the VLT and Keck thus bringing the total number of spectroscopically-identified X-ray sources to over 500 in this survey field. We provide a comprehensive catalog of X-ray sources detected in the E-CDF-S including the optical and near-infrared counterparts, and redshifts (both spectroscopic and photometric) that incorporate published spectroscopic catalogs thus resulting in a final sample with a high fraction (80%) of X-ray sources having secure identifications. We demonstrate the remarkable coverage of the Lx-z plane now accessible from our data while emphasizing the detection of AGNs that contribute to the faint end of the luminosity function at 1.5

  7. VLT multi-object spectroscopy of 33 eclipsing binaries in the Small Magellanic Cloud. New distance and depth of the SMC, and a record-breaking apsidal motion

    CERN Document Server

    North, P L; Barblan, F; Royer, F

    2010-01-01

    Aim: Our purpose is to provide reliable stellar parameters for a significant sample of eclipsing binaries, which are representative of a whole dwarf and metal-poor galaxy. We also aim at providing a new estimate of the mean distance to the SMC and of its depth along the line of sight for the observed field of view. Method: We use radial velocity curves obtained with the ESO FLAMES facility at the VLT and light curves from the OGLE-II photometric survey. The radial velocities were obtained by least-squares fits of the observed spectra to synthetic ones, excluding the hydrogen Balmer lines. Results: Our sample contains 23 detached, 9 semi-detached and 1 overcontact systems. Most detached systems have properties consistent with stellar evolution calculations from single-star models at the standard SMC metallicity Z = 0.004, though they tend to be slightly overluminous. The few exceptions are probably due to third light contribution or insufficient signal-to-noise ratio. The mass ratios are consistent with a flat...

  8. VLT and ACS observations of RDCS J1252.9-2927: dynamical structure and galaxy populations in a massive cluster at z=1.237

    CERN Document Server

    Demarco, R; Lidman, C; Girardi, M; Nonino, M; Rettura, A; Strazzullo, V; Van der Wel, A; Ford, H C; Mainieri, V; Holden, B P; Stanford, S A; Blakeslee, J P; Gobat, R; Postman, M; Tozzi, P; Overzier, R A; Zirm, A W; Benítez, N; Homeier, N L; Illingworth, G D; Infante, L; Jee, M J; Mei, S; Menanteau, F; Motta, V; Zheng, W; Clampin, M; Hartig, G

    2007-01-01

    (Abridged) We present results from an extensive spectroscopic survey, carried out with FORS on the ESO VLT, and from an extensive multi-wavelength imaging data set from the ACS and ground based facilities of the cluster of galaxies RDCS J1252.9-2927. We have spectroscopically confirmed 38 cluster members in the redshift range 1.22 1, kinematic structure. The velocity distribution, which is not Gaussian at the 95% confidence level, is consistent with two groups that are also responsible for the projected elongation of the cluster in the East-West direction. The groups are composed of 26 and 12 galaxies with velocity dispersions of 486^{+47}_{-85} km s^-1 and 426^{+57}_{-105} km s^-1, respectively. The elongation is also seen in the intracluster gas and the dark matter distribution. This leads us to conclude that RDCS J1252.9-2927 has not yet reached a final virial state. We extend the analysis of the color-magnitude diagram of spectroscopic members to more than 1 Mpc from the cluster center. The scatter and s...

  9. Kirju sadam : High Tech Center, Tammasaarenkatu, Helsingi = On the waterfront : High Tech Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Projekt koosneb viiest hoonest, millest neli asetsevad mere ääres Tammasaare tänaval ja viies Kaapeli väljakul. Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Wartiainen, Evata Finland. Autor Kai Wartiainen. Valmis 2002. I korruse plaan, 4 välis ja 2 sisevaadet

  10. Kirju sadam : High Tech Center, Tammasaarenkatu, Helsingi = On the waterfront : High Tech Centre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Projekt koosneb viiest hoonest, millest neli asetsevad mere ääres Tammasaare tänaval ja viies Kaapeli väljakul. Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Wartiainen, Evata Finland. Autor Kai Wartiainen. Valmis 2002. I korruse plaan, 4 välis ja 2 sisevaadet

  11. An Empirical Study on Non-financial Value-added Services of Venture Capital and High-tech Enterprises' Technological Capacity%风险投资的非资本增值服务与高新技术企业技术能力关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙勇; 刘誉豪

    2013-01-01

    风险投资作为一种特殊的投资形式,不仅会为高新技术企业解决“融资难”的问题,更重要的是风险资本家投入资本后还会为企业提供非资本增值服务,进而提升企业技术能力,增强企业竞争力,最终获得较高回报.结合高新技术企业的特点,通过实证分析证实了非资本增值服务对企业提高技术能力有积极影响,得出了具有实践指导意义的结论.%As a special form of investment, venture capital is not only a method for the high-tech enterprises to solve the " financing" problem. In order to get higher returns ultimately, the venture capitalists are keen to help companies to strengthen the competitiveness of themselves, such as provide Non-financial Value-added by upgrading the technological capabilities of enterprises. In this paper, Empirical research has been drawn on Non-financial Value-added and technological capability to the high-tech enterprises. Finally, conclusions with practical significance have been proposed.

  12. 高新技术制造企业生命周期划分的实证研究--基于资本市场四大板块的经验数据%Empirical Research of Life Cycle Division of the High -tech Manufacturing Enterprises ---Based on the Empirical Data of the Multi -level Capital Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟麟; 钟夏雨; 冼健

    2014-01-01

    在总结各类型企业生命周期的划分基础上,选取资产规模、主营业务收入增长率、现金流等指标,采取定性和定量相结合的方法对我国上市高新技术制造企业的生命周期进行了划分。并且,探究了企业生命周期与各层次资本市场之间的对应关系,验证了企业生命周期理论在多层次资本市场构建中的具体运用。研究发现,我国不同层次的资本市场与高新技术制造企业生命周期发展规律存在良好的对接关系。%Since large amount of previous research using qualitative method to divide life cycle of enterprise , this article selects asset scale , operating revenue growth rate and cash flow as variables to divide life cycle of high -tech listed-companies.Meanwhile , this study initially proves the relationship of existing Chinese capital market structure and the life cycle theory in high -tech enterprises.

  13. 浅谈大庆高新区如何推动银行业和非银行金融机构快速发展%Discussion on how to promote the banking industry in Daqing High-tech Zone The rapid development and non bank financial institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟艳梅

    2013-01-01

    By strengthening policy support,guide the financial innovation measures to promote the rapid development of high-tech zones in banking industry, the implementation of the " quick finance " project to improve the commercial banks to support small and medium enterprises, give full play to the main channel more bank financing function, to promote the rapid development of high-tech zone banking. Give full play to the guiding role of government, to guide the development of non-bank financial institutions, to alleviate the SME " financing".%  采用强化政策支持、引导金融创新的措施促进高新区银行业快速发展,实施“速贷通”工程提高商业银行对中小企业支持力度,更加充分发挥银行主渠道融资功能,推动高新区银行业快速发展。充分发挥政府的引导作用,引导非银行金融机构快速发展,缓解中小企业“融资难”问题。

  14. 合肥市初创期民营高新技术企业融资阀题研究%The causes of difficulties in financing about Hefei' s start-up High-tech corporate and responses to difficult

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建军; 韩芳

    2011-01-01

    融资是任何产业得以发展的前提,对初创期民营高新技术企业而言更是如此。本文通过对合肥市民营高新技术产业资金需求的分析,了解其融资现状和困境,在此基础上提出了相应的解决措施,无疑会对高新技术企业的发展有着十分重要的现实意义。%Financing is a prerequisite to develop any industry, especially the early start of private bigh-tech enterprises. Through the analysis of funding needs on Hefei private High-tech Industries, understand their financial situation and difficulties, on this basis, and propose the corresponding measures, so it will undoubtedly have a very important practical significance to the development of private high-tech enterprises.

  15. Impacts of Career Orientation on Turnover Intention for Key Talents in High - tech Enterprises:Mediated by Organizational Commitment%高新技术企业核心人才的职业倾向对离职意愿之影响:组织承诺中介作用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾丹

    2012-01-01

    Based on career orientation theory, using a sample of 153 respondents from high - tech enterprises in Henan, this paper empirically studied the influences of career orientation and organizational commitment on turnover intention for key talents. It found that the types of autonomy, technical competence have direct influences on turnover intention, at the same time the two types have indirect impacts on turnover intention via the mediation by organizational commitment. In ad-dition, organizational commitment has significant negative influence on turnover intention. The results provided useful ideas on how to retain core talents in high - tech enterprises.%以职业倾向理论为基础,收集河南省高新技术企业雇员的153个样本,以组织承诺为中介变量,实证分析研究核心人才职业倾向对离职意愿的作用机制.研究结果表明,技能型倾向、自主型倾向对离职意愿均有显著的直接影响;同时,这两种职业倾向通过组织承诺的中介作用,对离职意愿产生显著的间接影响;此外,组织承诺对离职意愿有显著的负向影响.

  16. Calibration of quasi-static aberrations in exoplanet direct-imaging instruments with a Zernike phase-mask sensor. II. Concept validation with ZELDA on VLT/SPHERE

    Science.gov (United States)

    N'Diaye, M.; Vigan, A.; Dohlen, K.; Sauvage, J.-F.; Caillat, A.; Costille, A.; Girard, J. H. V.; Beuzit, J.-L.; Fusco, T.; Blanchard, P.; Le Merrer, J.; Le Mignant, D.; Madec, F.; Moreaux, G.; Mouillet, D.; Puget, P.; Zins, G.

    2016-08-01

    Warm or massive gas giant planets, brown dwarfs, and debris disks around nearby stars are now routinely observed by dedicated high-contrast imaging instruments that are mounted on large, ground-based observatories. These facilities include extreme adaptive optics (ExAO) and state-of-the-art coronagraphy to achieve unprecedented sensitivities for exoplanet detection and their spectral characterization. However, low spatial frequency differential aberrations between the ExAO sensing path and the science path represent critical limitations for the detection of giant planets with a contrast lower than a few 10-6 at very small separations (measure these quasi-static aberrations at a nanometric level. We present the design, manufacturing, and testing of ZELDA, a prototype that was installed on VLT/SPHERE during its reintegration in Chile. Using the internal light source of the instrument, we first performed measurements in the presence of Zernike or Fourier modes introduced with the deformable mirror. Our experimental results are consistent with the results in simulations, confirming the ability of our sensor to measure small aberrations (measurements and estimated a contrast gain of 10 in the coronagraphic image at 0.2'', reaching the raw contrast limit set by the coronagraph in the instrument. In addition to this encouraging result, the simplicity of the design and its phase reconstruction algorithm makes ZELDA an excellent candidate for the online measurements of quasi-static aberrations during the observations. The implementation of a ZELDA-based sensing path on the current and future facilities (ELTs, future space missions) could facilitate the observation of cold gaseous or massive rocky planets around nearby stars.

  17. Hubble and ESO's VLT provide unique 3D views of remote galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Astronomers have obtained exceptional 3D views of distant galaxies, seen when the Universe was half its current age, by combining the twin strengths of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope's acute eye, and the capacity of ESO's Very Large Telescope to probe the motions of gas in tiny objects. By looking at this unique "history book" of our Universe, at an epoch when the Sun and the Earth did not yet exist, scientists hope to solve the puzzle of how galaxies formed in the remote past. ESO PR Photo 10a/09 A 3D view of remote galaxies ESO PR Photo 10b/09 Measuring motions in 3 distant galaxies ESO PR Video 10a/09 Galaxies in collision For decades, distant galaxies that emitted their light six billion years ago were no more than small specks of light on the sky. With the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope in the early 1990s, astronomers were able to scrutinise the structure of distant galaxies in some detail for the first time. Under the superb skies of Paranal, the VLT's FLAMES/GIRAFFE spectrograph (ESO 13/02) -- which obtains simultaneous spectra from small areas of extended objects -- can now also resolve the motions of the gas in these distant galaxies (ESO 10/06). "This unique combination of Hubble and the VLT allows us to model distant galaxies almost as nicely as we can close ones," says François Hammer, who led the team. "In effect, FLAMES/GIRAFFE now allows us to measure the velocity of the gas at various locations in these objects. This means that we can see how the gas is moving, which provides us with a three-dimensional view of galaxies halfway across the Universe." The team has undertaken the Herculean task of reconstituting the history of about one hundred remote galaxies that have been observed with both Hubble and GIRAFFE on the VLT. The first results are coming in and have already provided useful insights for three galaxies. In one galaxy, GIRAFFE revealed a region full of ionised gas, that is, hot gas composed of atoms that have been stripped of

  18. Fabrication Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Fabrication Facilities are a direct result of years of testing support. Through years of experience, the three fabrication facilities (Fort Hood, Fort Lewis, and...

  19. Facility Microgrids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ye, Z.; Walling, R.; Miller, N.; Du, P.; Nelson, K.

    2005-05-01

    Microgrids are receiving a considerable interest from the power industry, partly because their business and technical structure shows promise as a means of taking full advantage of distributed generation. This report investigates three issues associated with facility microgrids: (1) Multiple-distributed generation facility microgrids' unintentional islanding protection, (2) Facility microgrids' response to bulk grid disturbances, and (3) Facility microgrids' intentional islanding.

  20. Intracluster light properties in the CLASH-VLT cluster MACS J1206.2-0847

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presotto, V.; Girardi, M.; Nonino, M.; Mercurio, A.; Grillo, C.; Rosati, P.; Biviano, A.; Annunziatella, M.; Balestra, I.; Cui, W.; Sartoris, B.; Lemze, D.; Ascaso, B.; Moustakas, J.; Ford, H.; Fritz, A.; Czoske, O.; Ettori, S.; Kuchner, U.; Lombardi, M.; Maier, C.; Medezinski, E.; Molino, A.; Scodeggio, M.; Strazzullo, V.; Tozzi, P.; Ziegler, B.; Bartelmann, M.; Benitez, N.; Bradley, L.; Brescia, M.; Broadhurst, T.; Coe, D.; Donahue, M.; Gobat, R.; Graves, G.; Kelson, D.; Koekemoer, A.; Melchior, P.; Meneghetti, M.; Merten, J.; Moustakas, L. A.; Munari, E.; Postman, M.; Regős, E.; Seitz, S.; Umetsu, K.; Zheng, W.; Zitrin, A.

    2014-05-01

    Aims: We aim constrain the assembly history of clusters by studying the intracluster light (ICL) properties, estimating its contribution to the fraction of baryons in stars, f∗, and understanding possible systematics or bias using different ICL detection techniques. Methods: We developed an automated method, GALtoICL, based on the software GALAPAGOS, to obtain a refined version of typical BCG+ICL maps. We applied this method to our test case MACS J1206.2-0847, a massive cluster located at z ~ 0.44, which is part of the CLASH sample. Using deep multiband Subaru images, we extracted the surface brightness (SB) profile of the BCG+ICL and studied the ICL morphology, color, and contribution to f∗ out to R500. We repeated the same analysis using a different definition of the ICL, SBlimit method, i.e., a SB cut-off level, to compare the results. Results: The most peculiar feature of the ICL in MACS1206 is its asymmetric radial distribution, with an excess in the SE direction and extending toward the second brightest cluster galaxy, which is a post starburst galaxy. This suggests an interaction between the BCG and this galaxy that dates back to τ ≤ 1.5 Gyr. The BCG+ICL stellar content is ~8% of M∗,500, and the (de-) projected baryon fraction in stars is f∗ = 0.0177(0.0116), in excellent agreement with recent results. The SBlimit method provides systematically higher ICL fractions and this effect is stronger at lower SB limits. This is due to the light from the outer envelopes of member galaxies that contaminate the ICL. Though more time consuming, the GALtoICL method provides safer ICL detections that are almost free of this contamination. This is one of the few ICL study at redshift z > 0.3. At completion, the CLASH/VLT program will allow us to extend this analysis to a statistically significant cluster sample spanning a wide redshift range: 0.2 ≲ z ≲ 0.6. Based on data collected at the NASJ Subaru telescope, at the ESO VLT (prog.ID 186.A-0798), and the