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Sample records for virada neoliberal argentina

  1. Neoliberalism and political actors in contemporary Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Reynares

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we set out a critical reading of the literature on political neoliberal actors in Argentina. We consider that the concentration of these studies in the national level has to do with a definition of neoliberalism as a set of economical and structural macro politics. We propose to define neoliberalism as a technology of government that intends to hegemonize an “enterprise form” in different social spheres, articulating a symbolical framework in a contingent and contentious way. This insight allows analyzing neoliberal identification processes as heterogeneous trajectories with diverse geographic and temporal scopes.

  2. Neoliberalism in Argentina and Chile: common antecedents, divergent paths

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    Tomás Undurraga

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper contrasts the experiences of neoliberalism in Argentina and Chile, exploring why two countries that implemented apparently similar market reforms came to different stances on marketization: a post-neoliberal politics in Argentina, and a tempered neoliberalism in Chile that has only recently come under scrutiny. The paper traces the common antecedents that inspired these reforms and the different outcomes and reactions that they produced. In contrast to recent literature, which emphasizes one or another explanatory factor, this article offers a synthetic comparison of the historical, political, economic, and ideological factors in play, helping to understand how capitalists achieved a hegemonic class position in Chile and not in Argentina.

  3. Neoliberalism and political actors in contemporary Argentina

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    Juan Manuel Reynares

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we set out a critical reading of the literature on political neoliberal actors in Argen­tina. We consider that the concentration of these studies in the national level has to do with a definition of neoliberalism as a set of economical and structural macro politics. We propose to define neoliberalism as a technology of government that intends to hegemonize an “enterprise form” in different social spheres, articulating a symbolical framework in a contingent and con­tentious way. This insight allows analyzing neoliberal identification processes as heterogeneous trajectories with diverse geographic and temporal scopes.

  4. Popular Demobilization, Agribusiness Mobilization, and the Agrarian Boom in Post-Neoliberal Argentina

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    Pablo Lapegna

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Based on ethnographic research, archival data, and a catalog of protest events, this article analyzes the relationship between popular social movements, business mobilization, and institutional politics in Argentina during the post-neoliberal phase, which arguably began circa 2003. How did waves of popular mobilization in the 1990s shape business mobilization in the 2000s? How did contentious politics influence institutional politics in the post-neoliberal period? What are the changes and continuities of the agrarian boom that cut across the neoliberal and post-neoliberal periods? While I zoom in on Argentina, the article goes beyond this case by contributing to three discussions. First, rather than limiting the analysis to the customary focus on the mobilization of subordinated actors, it examines the demobilization of popular social movements, the mobilization of business sectors, and the connections between the two. Second, it shows the ways in which the state can simultaneously challenge neoliberal principles while also favoring the global corporations that dominate the contemporary neoliberal food regime. Finally, the case of Argentina sheds light on the political economy of the "Left turn" in Latin America, particularly the negative socio-environmental impacts of commodity booms. The article concludes that researchers need to pay closer attention to the connections between contentious and institutional politics, and to the protean possibilities of neoliberalism to inspire collective actions.

  5. Estado y derecho en la era de la globalizacion neoliberal: evolucion del recetario neoliberal en Argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Manzo, Alejandro Gabriel

    2011-01-01

    This article has for aim show the features of continuity, the variations and adjustments that the set of neoliberal policies--designed by the international organizations of credits to be applied in...

  6. (Re)Shaping the Neoliberal Leviathans: the Politics of Penality and Welfare in Argentina, Chile and Peru

    OpenAIRE

    Hathazy, Paul C.

    2013-01-01

    Going beyond general depictions of convergence in penal and welfare policies targeted to manage the urban poor and the flexibilized working class in neoliberal regimes of Latin America, I address the political causes behind the distinct penal and welfare policies developed in Argentina, Chile and Peru since their neoliberal turn. To explain the initial differences of penal and welfare regimes among these cases and their evolution, I integrate Harvey’s and Wacquant’s perspectives on state poli...

  7. Argentina’s quarter century experiment with neoliberalism: from dictatorship to depression Experimento de um quarto de século de Neoliberalismo na Argentina: da ditadura à depressão

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    Paul Cooney

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Argentina set a new historical mark in 2002, having experienced the largest debt default by any country ever. In order to understand how Argentina could go from one of the most developed countries of the Third World, to experiencing the crisis of 2001 and then enter a depression in 2002 with over half the population living in poverty, requires an evaluation of the last quarter century of economic policies in Argentina. The shift toward neoliberalism began during the dictatorship of 1976, deepened during the Menem administration, and was supported throughout by the IMF. This paper aims to identify why the crisis occurred when it did, but also to understand how the underlying shifts in the political economy of Argentina over more than two decades led to two waves of deindustrialization, an explosion of foreign debt and such a marked decline in the standard of living for the majority of Argentinians.Em 2002, a Argentina atingiu um novo marco histórico, ao experimentar o maior default da dívida externa, não somente pela sua própria história, mas também do mundo. Para compreender como a Argentina deixou de ser um país mais desenvolvido de terceiro mundo até experimentar a crise de 2001, entrando depois numa depressão em 2002, com mais da metade da população abaixo da linha de pobreza, precisamos fazer uma avaliação das políticas econômicas durante o último quarto de século na Argentina. A virada ao neoliberalismo começou durante a ditadura no ano 1976, tendo se aprofundado no governo Menem e sempre apoiada pelo FMI. Este trabalho tentará identificar porque a crise ocorreu naquele momento, e também, compreender as mudanças subjacentes na economia política durante duas décadas na Argentina, as quais que desencadearam duas ondas de desindustrialização, uma explosão da dívida externa e uma deterioração bem marcante no padrão de vida para a maioria dos argentinos.

  8. Los Programas de Desarrollo Rural en la Argentina (en el contexto del ajuste macroeconómico neoliberal

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    Mabel Manzanal

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone las estrategias de los principales programas de desarrollo rural en la Argentina, y sus alcances y posibilidades en el contexto del ajuste macroeconómico neoliberal. Discute si se están dando, o no, los cursos de acción adecuados, y si es viable la asistencia a los pobres rurales, promovida por los organismos internacionales de financiamiento, frente al impacto negativo de las políticas neoliberales sobre los pequeños y medianos productores agropecuarios.El desarrollo rural se inicia en la Argentina junto con la recuperación democrática de la década del 80, pero las primeras acciones recién comienzan a ejecutarse a principios de los 90. Desde entonces se sucedieron y se superpusieron diferentes programas, que son el objeto de este artículoThis paper discusses the strategies of Argentina’s main rural development programs, and their accomplishments and possibilities in the context of neoliberal macroeconomic adjustment. It analyzes whether the actions being carried out are suitable and whether assistance to the rural poor (promoted by international financing organizations is feasible in the face of the neoliberal policies’ negative impact on small and intermediate farmers and ranchers. Although rural development programs began in Argentina with the restoration of democracy in the 1980s, the first significant actions were not taken until the 1990s. The different programs that have followed, often overlapping, are the object of our study

  9. (ReShaping the Neoliberal Leviathans: the Politics of Penality and Welfare in Argentina, Chile and Peru

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    Paul C. Hathazy

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Going beyond general depictions of convergence in penal and welfare policies targeted to manage the urban poor and the flexibilized working class in neoliberal regimes of Latin America, I address the political causes behind the distinct penal and welfare policies developed in Argentina, Chile and Peru since their neoliberal turn. To explain the initial differences of penal and welfare regimes among these cases and their evolution, I integrate Harvey’s and Wacquant’s perspectives on state policies under neoliberalism and complement them with an analysis of local political conditions and processes, following Portes. The differences in penal and welfare policies in each country result initially from the political regime that governed the transition to neoliberalism – authoritarian, semi-authoritarian or democratic. Their consolidation or modification resulted from the organizational features (technocratic or neo-populist of the political parties that governed the aftermath of transition to neoliberalism and from the different reactions of marginalized urban sectors to neoliberal adjustments and policies.Resumen: (Remodelando a los leviatanes neoliberales: la política penal y social en Argentina, Chile y PerúMás allá de las descripciones generales de la convergencia entre las políticas penales y sociales dirigidas a los pobres urbanos y a la clase obrera flexibilizada en los regímenes neoliberales de Latinoamérica, yo abordo las causas políticas que se esconden tras las distintas políticas penales y sociales elaboradas en Argentina, Chile y Perú desde su giro neoliberal. Para explicar las diferencias iniciales entre los regímenes penales y sociales de estos países y su evolución, integro las perspectivas de Harvey y Wacquant sobre las políticas estatales bajo el neoliberalismo y las complemento con un análisis de las condiciones y los procesos políticos locales, de acuerdo con Portes. Las diferencias entre las pol

  10. A Agência Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares: uma Leitura Neoliberal Institucionalista

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    Diego Felipe Antunes

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A América Latina é uma região rica em arranjos institucionais responsáveis por avançar processos de integração regional. Dentro dessa vastidão, alguns casos específicos acabam perdendo-se, independentemente de seu sucesso ou fracasso. Buscando contribuir para a bibliografia que procura suprir essa deficiência, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o processo de formação e a atuação de um caso bem-sucedido de integração: a Agência Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares (ABACC. Tal análise busca responder a seguinte pergunta: quais elementos explicam esse sucesso? A hipótese é a de que proposições neoliberal-institucionalistas são aptas a oferecer tal explicação. Para tal, faz-se uso da teoria Neoliberal Institucionalista para compreender de que forma essa agência contribuiu para o fim das tensões nucleares entre Brasil e Argentina no fim do século passado. O artigo se divide em três seções: na primeira, realiza-se uma discussão acerca do Neoliberalismo Institucionalista, suas propostas, críticas e choques com o Neorrealismo; em seguida, o processo histórico de formação da ABACC, bem como seus meios de atuação, é apresentado; por fim, a terceira seção realiza um esforço de leitura da atuação da agência a partir do instrumental teórico neoliberal.

  11. La crisis del orden neoliberal en Argentina y la respuesta antiglobalización contra el ALCA

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    Manuela Fernández Mayo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una introducción al estudio económico de la crisis argentina de 2001. Encuadrando la interpretación de la misma dentro de un contexto internacional y latinoamericano del período. Los gobiernos argentinos siguieron al pie de la letra, las exigencias del “Consenso de Washington” y aplicaron todas las medidas de ajuste estructural dictadas por el FMI: liquidación de las empresas nacionales; destrucción de los servicios públicos; total apertura comercial (responsable de la ruina de miles de pequeñas y medianas empresas, etc. Los gobiernos democráticos, profundizaron la destrucción de este Estado-Nación y terminaron consolidando la construcción de la Argentina, como simplemente un "mercado", el “alumno modelo” del neoliberalismo resultó un modelo en todo: en el descaro del latrocinio y en sus efectos sociales. Tras el derrumbe del modelo neoliberal, se extienden las posturas antiglobalización, materializadas con éxito, en la oposición a la entrada en vigor del ALCA en 2005._____________________ABSTRACT:The present article is an introduction to the economic analysis of the Argentinian crisis of 2001, fitting this interpretation in the international and south american context of the period. The Argentine governments followed exactly the exigencies of the "Washington Consensus" and applied all the measures of structural adjustment dictated by the IMF: liquidation of national companies; destruction of public services; full commercial opening (responsible of the ruin of thousands of small and medium companies, etc. Democratic governments deepened the destruction of this State-Nation and ended up consolidating the construction of Argentina, just as a "market", the "exemplary pupil" of neoliberalism was taken as model in everything: in the impudence of thievery and its social effects. After the collapse of neoliberal model, antiglobalization extends to face the coming into force of the ALCA in 2005.

  12. Elites estratégicas y cambio institucional: la construcción del proyecto post-neoliberal en Argentina y Brasil

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    Eli Diniz

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Na última década os países da América Latina atravessaram, em ritmos e maneiras diferentes, uma transição política una e econômica. O projeto neoliberal perdeu força e, em contrapartida, houve a revitalização da discussão sobre desenvolvimento nacional, praticamente ausente desde o fracasso do período substitutivo. A agenda neodesenvolvimentista, ainda em construção, recupera elementos do modelo estruturalista cepalino limitado pelas heranças do período neoliberal. Se pode afirmar que a expressão que adquire esta agenda no plano nacional é resultado do modo em que se resolvem as tensões entre rupturas e continuidades. Nesta dinâmica, as elites políticas são um fator explicativo central. O artigo se propõe analisar o papel das elites, entendidas de modo simples como os atores estratégicos dos campos político e econômico com capacidade de influir no ciclo de políticas, na conformação do regime produtivo. A análise se restringe à Argentina e Brasil se centrando especialmente no período transicional entre o projeto neoliberal e a ruptura que gera a chegada ao poder de coalizões progressistas que buscam implementar una agenda neo-desenvolvimentista. O artigo se baseia em uma série de entrevistas com agentes de decisões políticas e empresarios com atuação sindical e analisa as percepções que as elites têm sobre os projetos de desenvolvimento em curso.

  13. La dinámica de consolidación de la hegemonía neoliberal y del liderazgo menemista en la Argentina (1993-1995)

    OpenAIRE

    Fair, Hernán; University of Buenos Aires

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo analiza la dinámica de consolidación de la hegemonía neoliberal y del liderazgo de Carlos Menem en la Argentina de los años 90. A partir de un análisis discursivo de la hegemonía, que se centra en las disputas escenificadas en el campo público mediático de la prensa gráfica de circulación nacional, se estudian los posicionamientossociohistóricos y políticos-institucionalesde los actores políticos clave, entre la etapa de sedimentación de la hegemonía menemista y el momento de la re...

  14. Reflexiones sobre políticas culturales y dinámicas de circulación durante la democracia neoliberal argentina

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    María Paula Pino Villar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone reflexionar sobre las políticas culturales implementadas en la Argentina durante la democracia neoliberal (1983-2003 y su impacto en la circulación de las producciones artísticas. Inicialmente, nos proponemos profundizar sobre aquellas definiciones de neoliberalismo que problematizan su dimensión social y potencial político, más que sobre sus acciones estrictamente económicas. Es así que se presenta el neoliberalismo como un conjunto de prácticas políticas y económicas capaz de forjar una subjetividad particular en la sociedad contemporánea, que busca sembrar en el conjunto social la idea de una crisis profunda que vuelve necesaria su implementación. Asimismo, se describe brevemente el contexto que permite la implementación en la Argentina de medidas de ajuste, cómo se visibiliza la administración empresarial en el Estado y cómo se lleva a cabo en el campo cultural. A partir de ello, se desarrollan las políticas culturales del período y las dinámicas de circulación artística que surgen a la luz de este modelo.Se menciona su relación con fenómenos del arte acaecidos hacia fines de los años noventa en la Argentina y se describen algunas particularidades del campo regional, como la centralidad del circuito de bodegas como espacio privilegiado de la actividad cultural de Cuyo.

  15. The Role of the State and Opposition to Neoliberal Reform: A Comparative Analysis of Chile and Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    chapter is to piece through the political and economic history of Chile since embarking on neoliberal economic reform during the Pinochet era that set...led by General Augusto Pinochet seized control of the government from the Salvador Allende administration while in the midst of a harsh economic...economy back on track. In 1975, the Chilean government under General Pinochet initiated “shock therapy” to achieve these goals.17 With the state of

  16. Gender Equality and Social Movements in Post-neoliberal Argentina: The Organización Barrial Tupac Amaru

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    Constanza Tabbush

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role played by women, and the meanings attributed to gender equality measures in organizations of popular sectors in Argentina, framed within a national context in which social movements modified their links with the state and politics more generally. To address this question, we focus on the study of the social organization Organización Barrial Tupac Amaru because women hold key leadership positions, and because its resources, capacity of mobilization and political advocacy meant it exercised a hegemonic role in the impoverished North West of Argentina. The empirical study focuses on the period 2003-2014. Findings identify three understandings of gender equality measures in popular organizations in Argentina, and that this welfare-organization is concerned with women’s empowerment and the recognition of diverse sexual identities, without yet articulating with redistribution demands of care work between genders and with campaigns for women’s rights to body autonomy in their proposals of social change.

  17. Marketing y posicionamiento: un análisis desde la gubernamentalidad neoliberal. La gestión pública del turismo en la Argentina del siglo XXI

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    Fernando Francisco Mas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo trata sobre la “expansión” del neoliberalismo a las prácticas organizacionales contemporáneas. Entendemos al neoliberalismo como la lógica comportamental basada en la empresa y la competencia que, actualmente, prevalece con la pretensión de colonizar las diferentes esferas de lo social. En las últimas décadas, se han producido una serie de transferencias de herramientas de gestión propias del business a los modos de organización del trabajo estatal y, entre estos desplazamientos, encontramos el de la práctica del marketing. Considerándolo a éste como una tecnología que busca garantizar la competencia, estudiamos su funcionamiento en el marketing coordinado por la gestión pública del turismo. Tomando como caso a la Argentina del siglo XXI, analizamos el objetivo de comunicación comercial que remite al posicionamiento en articulación con otros componentes: el mecanismo de construcción de imagen y el diseño de marca de destinos/productos. Esta investigación tuvo la finalidad de interpretar críticamente los intentos de control sobre los trabajadores del sector público y de los prestadores privados que el Estado capacita. Concluimos que estos elementos operan como pautas generales y “mandatos” indirectos de conducción de los recursos humanos sobre cómo en la actualidad “hay” que trabajar en el marco de la gubernamentalidad neoliberal.

  18. Rethinking Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2014-01-01

    ? The article proposes a way of answering these questions by regarding neoliberalism as a definite ‘thought collective’ and a regime of government of and by the state. It exemplifies these by shifts within neoliberalism regarding the question of monopoly, its relationship to classical liberalism and its...

  19. La estrategia de integración argentina (1989-2004: cambios y continuidades a partir de la crisis del orden neoliberal

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    Sandra Colombo

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se analizan los cambios y ajustes de la política exterior de Argentina en el marco de las relaciones con Estados Unidos y Brasil. Se parte del supuesto de que la formulación e implementación de la política exterior, ha tenido una relación dialéctica con la política económica, y ambos han sido considerados como instrumentos de una estrategia de desarrollo. El artículo se estructura en torno de cuatro hipótesis: a La estrategia de desarrollo consolidada durante los noventa, benefició intereses específicos de una alianza de poder que se mantuvo inalterada (más allá de algunas divergencias transitorias durante los gobiernos subsiguientes; b El objetivo de los sectores dirigentes fue insertar a la economía nacional en la economía globalizada, mediante una política exterior centrada en dos ejes: una relación especial con Washington y la construcción de un espacio integrado abierto al mundo con Brasil; c La preponderancia de los sectores financiros transnacionalizados en la alianza de poder provocó que el Mercosur fuese frecuentemente cuestionado como medio de inserción internacional; d La crisis del orden neoliberal de 2001, tuvo consecuencias en la economía doméstica y en el equilibrio interno de la alianza de poder, y provocó cambios en el relacionamiento externo del país.____________________ABSTRACT:This article analyses the changes and adjustments of Argentine’s foreign policy in the framework of its relations with Brazil and the United States. Its starts from the assumption that the formulation and implementation of the foreign policy has had a dialectic relation with the economic policy, and both have been considered as instruments of a development strategy. The article structures around four hypothesis: a The development strategy consolidated during the nineties benefited specific interests of a power alliance that was unaltered (apart from some transitory divergences during the subsequent governments

  20. Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    This discussion of Argentina covers geography, the people, history and political conditions, government, economy, foreign relations, and relations between the US and Argentina. In 1985, the population of Argentina was estimated to be 30.6 million with an estimated annual growth rate of 1.5%. The infant mortality rate is 34.1/1000, and life expectancy is 70.2 years. Argentina, which shares land borders with Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay, is bounded by the Atlantic and the Antarctic Oceans. Descendants of Italian and Spanish immigrants predominate in Argentina, but many trace their origins to British and West and East European ancestors. In recent years, there has been a substantial influx of immigrants from neighboring Latin American countries. The native Indian population, estimated to be 50,000, is concentrated in the peripheral provinces of the north, northwest, and south. What is now Argentina was discovered in 1516 by the Spanish navigator Juan de Solia. The formal declaration of independence from Spain was made on July 9, 1816. In the late 19th century, 2 forces worked to create the modern Argentine nation: the introduction of modern agricultural techniques and the integration of Argentina into the world economy. Argentina has impressive human and natural resources, but political conflict and uneven economic performance since World War II have impeded full realization of its considerable potential. Yet, it is one of the wealthiest countries in Latin America. Among the reasons for the military coup of March 1976 was the deteriorating economy, caused by declining production and rampant inflation. Under the leadership of the Minister of the Economy, the military government focused attention on those immediate problems, and, in 1978, embarked on a new development strategy focusing on the establishment of a free market economy. There was little improvement in the economy, and a new economic plan was introduced in 1985 which has capped inflation by

  1. Reflexiones sobre la articulación entre lo público, lo privado y lo político durante la década del 90 en la Argentina neoliberal

    OpenAIRE

    Borrelli, Marcelo Hernán

    2007-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar una serie de reflexiones sobre la relación entre la esfera de lo político, la esfera de lo público y lo privado durante el predominio del relato neoliberal en la sociedad argentina de la década del ’90 (1). Nuestra hipótesis de inicio postula que entre la esfera de lo político y la esfera de lo público existe una tensión constitutiva que las enlaza, por tanto intentaremos analizar cómo se rearticuló esa tensión durante los años ’90 en los cuales el re...

  2. Instituições do Estado desenvolvimentista na América Latina no contexto pós-neoliberal: os casos do Brasil e Argentina em perspectiva comparada.

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    Moisés Villamil Balestro

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa características do Estado desenvolvimentista no período pós-neoliberal no Brasil e na Argentina. A emergência de uma fase pós-neoliberal na América Latina está associada, ainda que sob diferentes matizes ideológicas, à ideia de expansão de políticas sociais e à retomada do papel do Estado na formulação e incentivo a estratégias de desenvolvimento econômico. Um aspecto fundamental para a eficácia das estratégias de desenvolvimento são as instituições e organizações envolvidas politica e economicamente. Como mostra a literatura, o desafio de construir um Estado desenvolvimentista requer a combinação de um Estado facilitador com uma estratégia de upgrading industrial acompanhada de aumento da inclusão social. Uma diferença relevante no caso brasileiro em relação ao caso argentino foi a permanência de instituições que foram construídas durante o período desenvolvimentista, com especial destaque para o BNDES. Ao verificar a relação entre Estado e desenvolvimento nos dois países, foi possível identificar quatro diferenças fundamentais do Brasil em relação à Argentina; uma forte instituição financeira de desenvolvimento e instituições financeiras públicas, uma maior capacidade estatal com uma burocracia estável e meritocrática no caso brasileiro, políticas sociais de longo prazo e uma relação mais cooperativa entre Estado e empresariado.

  3. Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    This report presents a brief overview of the socio-economic, energy and environmental context in which climate change mitigation actions in Argentina shall be inserted. To that end, the dynamic of the Argentine economic development, its influence on the energy system and environmental impacts is summarised. From the environmental standpoint, emphasis shall only be made on the impact of economic development patterns and energy policies on GHG emission. (au) 73 refs.

  4. Seguridad pública y neoconservadurismo en la Argentina neoliberal: La construcción social de la "inseguridad" durante los años noventa: "combate a la delincuencia", "tolerancia cero" y "mano dura"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Cerruti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se indaga el modo en que se construyó a la "inseguridad" en un problema público-político durante la segunda mitad de la década de los noventa como una modalidad de representación en términos delictivos y de gestión policíaca de la conflictividad y la inseguridad social. Se parte de la hipótesis de que dicha construcción formó parte de un proceso de transformación de la sociedad argentina asociado con la reforma neoliberal del Estado. Para demostrarlo, brevemente se sitúan, como antecedentes inmediatos al período de análisis, algunas de las principales consecuencias sociales de la reforma neoliberal iniciada durante la última dictadura cívico-militar (1976-1983 y se destaca al período hiperinflacionario (1989-1990 como el momento en el que emergen los discursos sobre la "inseguridad". Luego, se analiza en detalle el modo en que durante la década de los noventa la "inseguridad" se conformó como una de las principales preocupaciones de la opinión pública, uno de los temas decisivos en las disputas políticas y se introdujo como eje prioritario en la agenda de gobierno del presidente Carlos Menem a través de una campaña mediático-política de "combate a la delincuencia" ordenada en los términos de la "mano dura" y la "tolerancia cero". A través de dicha indagación, se argumenta que la "inseguridad" constituyó el vórtice de una matriz discursiva que legitimó un paradigma neoconservador de gestión de las consecuencias sociales de la reestructuración económica neoliberal y operó como un mecanismo reproductor de la exclusión social.

  5. Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Benedetti

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar un diagnóstico ambiental de un sector de la ciudad de Bahía Blanca, Argentina basado en el arbolado urbano de alineación. El arbolado constituye un componente fundamental de los paisajes artifi ciales ya que contribuye al aumento del confort y al mejoramiento de la calidad del medio. En este sentido, actúa como un factor moderador de las condiciones climáticas, la contaminación y la salud de la población. El municipio de la ciudad de Bahía Blanca tiene como proyecto la realización de inventarios del arbolado en los distintos barrios, para lograr optimizar la relación entre la cantidad de ejemplares arbóreos y la densidad poblacional. Es importante considerar la variedad de ejemplares en función del uso del suelo y de las características ambientales de cada sector. Por lo tanto, este trabajo presenta un diseño metodológico para la elaboración del plano verde de la ciudad.

  6. "Democracy Will Not Fall from the Sky." A Comparative Study of Teacher Education Students' Perceptions of Democracy in Two Neo-Liberal Societies: Argentina and Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zyngier, David; Traverso, María Delia; Murriello, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    This paper compares and contrasts pre-service teachers' (PSTs) beliefs about democracy in Argentina and Australia. While there are many important studies of how school students understand democracy and democratic participation, few have studied what teachers, and especially pre-service teachers, think about democracy. This paper uses a mixed…

  7. Los jubilados al mercado. Una genealogía teórica de la propuesta neoliberal de reforma previsional entre los ’50 y los ’70 y su arribo en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Dvoskin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone un recorrido teórico por las aproximaciones neoclásicas a los sistemas de jubilaciones desde fines de los ‘50 hasta fines de los ‘70. Lo que se desprende es un debate acerca de los problemas de los regímenes de reparto y lo que surge como respuesta es el reemplazo de los mismos por sistemas de capitalización individual. Comenzamos analizando la controversia teórica planteada por Paul Samuelson, continuamos con las propuestas específicas para el caso estadounidense de Milton Friedman y James Buchanan, introducimos el marco teórico de la hipótesis del ciclo vital, con Franco Modigliani como principal protagonista y así llegamos al máximo exponente de la argumentación neoliberal sobre reforma previsional: Martin Feldstein. Por último, incluimos la primera aproximación a esta problemática desde Argentina, desde la pluma de Roque Fernández, inscripta en la propuesta de reforma previsional de la última dictadura militar.

  8. Retrato de estudio: Niño. Buenos Aires. Argentina.

    OpenAIRE

    El sol

    2010-01-01

    1 fot.; papel; imagen 17,1 x 22,3 cm. - Retrato de estudio: Niño. Buenos Aires. Argentina. (Gelatina D. O. P. mate montada sobre cartulina, medida total 17,1 x 22,3. Imagen virada. Ligeros roces. Sello troquelado del fotógrafo en ángulo inferior izqui erdo de cartulina: "Fotografía El Sol, Artes 324, B. Aires"). - Procedencia: fondo Miguel de Unamuno. - Buena Conservación.

  9. CRISIS DE LA REFORMA EDUCATIVA ARGENTINA EN UN CONTEXTO NEOLIBERAL. LOS HANDICAPS DE LA INCLUSIÓN EDUCATIVA Y LABORAL (JUVENIL CRISIS OF THE ARGENTINEAN EDUCATIONAL REFORM IN THE NEOLIBERAL CONTEXT. THE HANDICAPS OF THE EDUCATIONAL AND LABORAL INCLUSION OF YOUTH PEOPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparicio Pablo Christian

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Las reformas educativas realizadas en Argentina durante la década del 90, estuvieron fuertemente condicionadas por la introducción de un nuevo modelo político y social sustentado bajo los cánones del Neoliberalismo, que conllevaron a una redimensión paradigmática del rol del Estado, de la sociedad civil y del mercado. Basados en las conclusiones de tres proyectos de investigación desarrollados en Argentina, el presente artículo se propone analizar las consecuencias de la nueva política educativa que si bien abogó -en sus presupuestos ideológicos y técnicos- por la superación de los déficits organizativos y administrativos y la reducción de las restricciones en el acceso democrático al sistema educativo, en los hechos se observa que muchos problemas pedagógicos no fueron ponderados como prioridades. La falta de articulación entre las ofertas educativas, las demandas en el campo laboral y económico, así como las posibilidades objetivas de participación de los jóvenes, respondieron a una carencia de tipo estructural que encarnara, a posteriori, un hándicap para la implementación efectiva de las nuevas políticas y programas. Con todo, las reformas políticas implementadas han tenido consecuencias regresivas para la consolidación de un sistema educativo competente y democrático. La falta de referentes políticos e institucionales capaces de visibilizar las potencialidades y las demandas de los jóvenes y la planificación de acciones sinérgicas capaces de mejorar la articulación entre las ofertas educativas, el mundo del trabajo y la vida social, explican el por qué de la exclusión y vulnerabilidad todavía vigente en el mundo juvenil argentino.Abstract: The educational reforms carried out in Argentina in the 1990s, were highly influenced by the introduction of the new political and social model of neoliberalism, what led to a new paradigm on the role of the State, the society and the market. Based on the

  10. La situación económica de las clases subalternas en la Argentina post-neoliberal (2003-2011

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    Emiliano Lopez

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo realizamos una caracterización detallada de los procesos de recomposición económica a nivel de las clases subalternas en Argentina en el período 2003-2011. El problema que nos ocupa, asumiendo que ha existido un proceso de recomposición económica, se centra en los siguientes puntos. Por un lado, pretendemos dar cuenta de los procesos de recomposición del conjunto de las clases subalternas para comprender su carácter cíclico o estructural. Por otra parte, analizar las diferencias en los procesos de recomposición económica entre diferentes fracciones subalternas. Por último, prestaremos especial atención a las relaciones entre los mencionados procesos subalternos y los procesos a nivel de la clase dominante. Utilizaremos como fuente de información los microdatos de la Encuesta Permanente de Hogares de publicación trimestral desde el año 2003. Esta encuesta realiza un relevamiento estadísticamente significativo para la población urbana en relación a los niveles y condiciones de empleo, los niveles de ingreso y otros aspectos relevantes que dan lugar a una lectura detallada de los procesos de recomposición de las clases subalternas.

  11. State and law in the neoliberal globalization era: the structure of the Argentinean state in the nineties/Estado y derecho en la era de la globalizacion neoliberal: la estructura del estado Argentino propia de la decada de los 90

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Manzo, Alejandro Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the characteristics that the Neoliberal State had during the 90s in Argentina dividing its structure in five areas of reforms in which the multilateral financial organizations focused its attention...

  12. Neoliberalism, Governmentality, Ethnography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2015-01-01

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Neoliberalism, Governmentality, Ethnography," by Michelle Brady in the previous issue.......A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Neoliberalism, Governmentality, Ethnography," by Michelle Brady in the previous issue....

  13. Compendium on (neoliberalism

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    Ivan Ferenčak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Capitalism cannot exist without a certain degree of liberalism. However, according to critics, neoliberalism has gone too far and has exceeded the framework of “adequate freedom” of capitalism. Neoliberalism brings to life the classic liberal doubt about the ability of the state to manage the economy. Aversion to “great government” and state intervention has acquired different theoretical forms. Monetarism, public choice theory, rational expectations and supply economics have expressed their doubts about state intervention and its efficiency in different ways and for different reasons. Obviously, the government (state is not perfect. However, the market is also not perfect, which is admitted by both liberals and neoliberals. Thus, there will be continued attempts by both supporters of so-called free market and supporters of state intervention to “fix” this imperfect, capitalist world.

  14. Is Neoliberalism Weberian?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ossandón, José

    2014-01-01

    Like a sociological detective of ideas, professor of sociology at the University of Warwick Nicholas Gane (2012, 2014 a, b) has been following the traces of social scientific thought in neoliberalism. The initial clue was given by Michel Foucault who in his Birth of Biopolitics argued that Max...... Weber’s work not only influenced critical theorists such as Adorno and Horkheimer but also one of the main branches within neoliberal thinking, German ordoliberalism. While Gane’s research ended up finding Foucault’s Weber-Ordoliberals connections rather thin, the investigation took him to an even more...... worrying result, namely, Weber’s influence on the work of Ludwig von Mises and his followers in Vienna, including the über neoliberal Friedrich Hayek....

  15. Is Neoliberalism Weberian?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ossandón, José

    2014-01-01

    Weber’s work not only influenced critical theorists such as Adorno and Horkheimer but also one of the main branches within neoliberal thinking, German ordoliberalism. While Gane’s research ended up finding Foucault’s Weber-Ordoliberals connections rather thin, the investigation took him to an even more......Like a sociological detective of ideas, professor of sociology at the University of Warwick Nicholas Gane (2012, 2014 a, b) has been following the traces of social scientific thought in neoliberalism. The initial clue was given by Michel Foucault who in his Birth of Biopolitics argued that Max...... worrying result, namely, Weber’s influence on the work of Ludwig von Mises and his followers in Vienna, including the über neoliberal Friedrich Hayek....

  16. Debt, Neoliberalism and Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charbonneau, Mathieu; Hansen, Magnus Paulsen

    2014-01-01

    to Lazzarato, post-Fordism should be understood through the ascending influence of neoliberalism, as the state has retroceded its power of money creation to private creditors. Through this process, the relation between capital and labour has been transcended by the creditor–debtor relationship. In the economy......, he develops a theory of debt suggesting that the power of credit, central to neoliberalism, requires the construction of an indebted subjectivity. Producing a responsible, guilty and thus hindered subject, this condition involves individuals and societies facing an infinite social debt. According...

  17. Learning under neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    As part of the neoliberal trends toward public-private partnerships, universities all over the world have forged more intimate relationships with corporate interests and more closely resemble for-profit corporations in both structure and practice. These transformations, accompanied by new forms o...... pedagogical responses, at universities in the United States, Europe, and New Zealand....

  18. The Neoliberal Self

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    Jim McGuigan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an ideal type of the neoliberal self as the preferred form of life in the economic, political and cultural circumstances of present-day developed and developing capitalism. The neoliberal self combines the idealised subject(s of classical and neoclassical economics - featuring entrepreneurship and consumer sovereignty - with the contemporary discourse of ’the taxpayer’, who is sceptical of redistributive justice, and a ’cool’ posture that derives symbolically - and ironically - from cultures of disaffection and, indeed, opposition. In effect, the transition from organised capitalism to neoliberal hegemony over the recent period has brought about a corresponding transformation in subjectivity. As an idea type, the neoliberal self cannot be found concretely in a ’pure’ form, not even represented by leading celebrity figures. The emergent characteristics of the ideal type, though not set out formally here, accentuate various aspects of personal conduct and mundane existence for illustrative and analytical purposes. Leading celebrities, most notably high-tech entrepreneurs, for instance, operate in the popular imagination as models of achievement for the aspiring young. They are seldom emulated in real life, however, even unrealistically so. Still, their famed lifestyles and heavily publicised opinions provide guidelines to appropriate conduct in a ruthlessly competitive and unequal world.

  19. Neoliberal policies and agribusiness in Argentina (1991-2002. Slopes, old and new agrarian business, family agricultura, peasant and indigenous organizations Slopes, old and new agrarian business, family agricultura, peasant and indigenous organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Olivera

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The main dimensions of analysis in the neoliberal state policies in force during the 1990s, in connection to the new agrarian model that was consolidated during that period; The core of the research is the study of the main business organizations, the most capitalized, peasant and indigenous family agriculture. It studies their speeches, the claims they displayed in the public space, their forms of protest against the State, and their ideological contents. It groups the organizations according to their position in relation to agribusiness in two aspects, both formed by social bases and heterogeneous organizations, but whose common denominator is to prop up or actively resist agribusiness.

  20. Once again on neoliberalism III Pyschoaffective effects of neoliberalism and neoliberal subjectivity

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    Primož Krašovec

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines how neoliberalism functions on a micro-social level and on the level of individual psychology. Neoliberal economic regime brings an intensification of the competitive pressure and a quantification of not only the companies, but also individuals. At the same time the neoliberal politics introduces a depoliticization of individuals, who are reduced to a role of their own promoters. This is why neoliberalism no longer works in the manner of classical political ideologies, which still presupposed the individual as a political subject, but as a specific kind of ethics of everyday life; an ethics of choice, and of strategic rationality of investment of one’s human capital. Precisely because it is apolitical, neoliberal ethics is pronouncedly psychological, and is manifested through the epidemics of depression and anxiety on the one hand, and as a mass pursuit of happiness on the other hand.

  1. Governing the resilience of neoliberalism through biopolitics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavelli, Luca

    2017-09-01

    Neoliberalism is widely regarded as the main culprit for the 2007/2008 global financial crisis. However, despite this abysmal failure, neoliberalism has not merely survived the crisis, but actually 'thrived'. How is it possible to account for the resilience of neoliberalism? Existing scholarship has answered this question either by focusing on the distinctive qualities of neoliberalism (such as adaptability, internal coherence and capacity to incorporate dissent) or on the biopolitical capacity of neoliberalism to produce resilient subjects. This article adopts a different perspective. Drawing on and partially challenging the perspective of Michel Foucault, I argue that neoliberalism and biopolitics should be considered two complementary governmental rationalities, and that biopolitical rationalities contribute to governing the uncertainties and risks stemming from the neoliberalization of life. Biopolitics, in other words, plays a key role in governing the resilience of neoliberalism. Through this conceptual lens, the article explores how biopolitical rationalities of care have been deployed to govern the neoliberal crisis of the Greek sovereign debt, which threatened the stability of the European banking system and, I shall argue, the neoliberal life, wealth and well-being of the European population. The article discusses how biopolitical racism is an essential component of the biopolitical governance of neoliberalism. Biopolitical racism displaces the sources of risk, dispossession and inequality from the neoliberal regime to 'inferior' populations, whose lack of compliance with neoliberal dictates is converted into a threat to our neoliberal survival. This threat deserves punishment and authorizes further dynamics of neoliberal dispossession.

  2. Marginalidade, etnicidade e penalidade na cidade neoliberal: uma cartografia analítica

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    Loïc Wacquant

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo elabora uma cartografia analítica do programa de pesquisa perseguido ao longo dos três livros do autor: Urban outcasts (2008, Punishing the poor (2009 e Deadly symbiosis: race and the rise of the penal State (no prelo. Nessa trilogia, são desfeitos os nexos triangulares entre fragmentação de classe, divisão étnica e remodelagem do Estado na cidade polarizada, na virada do século, para explicar a produção política, a distribuição socioespacial e a gestão punitiva da marginalidade mediante o acoplamento de políticas sociais disciplinares e de justiça criminal neutralizante. Indico como utilizei noções-chave de Pierre Bourdieu (espaço social, campo burocrático, poder simbólico para clarificar categorias que permaneceram fluidas (como a de gueto e forjar novos conceitos (estigmatização territorial e marginalidade avançada, contenção punitiva e paternalismo liberal, hiperencarceramento e sociodiceia negativa como ferramentas para uma sociologia comparada da gênese inconclusa do precariado pós-industrial, da regulação penal da pobreza na era da insegurança social difusa e da construção do Leviatã neoliberal.

  3. European welfare states beyond neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abrahamson, Peter

    2010-01-01

    . Social policies are no longer regarded as a burden on economies, but rather as investment in human capital. Hence, we are now beyond neo-liberalism. Secondly, the widespread welfare reforms in Europe must be distinguished according to welfare regime. Thus, the paper discusses welfare reform within five...... identifying retrenchment even if parts of the literature do argue for such a perspective. This seeming contradiction within the scholarly community calls for a more precise definition of all three import concepts: What should be understood by neo-liberal reform or a neo-liberal approach? Which welfare...... of benefits and an increase in risks and coverage. Therefore, the remainder of the paper discusses in more detail particular welfare reforms within each of the five welfare regimes. It is concluded that problems of welfare state development differ within the different regimes, but a strong commitment...

  4. Identity, identity politics, and neoliberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wrenn Mary

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the intensification of neoliberalism, it is useful to examine how some individuals might cope with the irrationality of the system. Neoliberalism cloaks the execution of the corporate agenda behind rhetorical manipulation that advocates for limited government. The corollary absence of government involvement on behalf of the citizenry writ large disarms the means of social redress for the individual. Democracy funded and fueled by corporate power thereby disenfranchises the individual, provoking some to search for empowerment through identity politics. The argument set forth suggests that individuals construct, reinforce, or escalate allegiance to identities as a coping mechanism, some of which manifest in violent identity politics.

  5. Neoliberalism ja linnaruum = Neoliberalism and Urban Space / Volker Eick

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eick, Volker

    2008-01-01

    Neoliberalism ja neoliberaliseerumine: globaliseerumine kui "glokaliseerumine". Linnade kasvav tähtsus ja muutuv roll. Neoliberaalne kuritegevuspoliitika: politseilise tegevuse mitmekesistumine. Kapitalistlikud väljakutsed: aktivism, atavism. Artikkel põhineb valdavalt 25. IV 2007 Eesti Kunstiakadeemia 4. urbanistika päevadel peetud ettekandel. Bibliograafia lk. 15-16

  6. Cartões postais paulistanos da virada do século XX: problematizando a São Paulo "moderna"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fraya Frehse

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Considerando que os cartões postais dotados de reproduções fotográficas começam a difundir-se em São Paulo em fins do século XIX, o objetivo deste artigo é analisar se, enquanto documentação iconográfica do contexto paulistano daquele momento, este material teria veiculado, para a sociedade da época, basicamente representações visuais de uma cidade moderna por excelência - e portanto distanciada dos referenciais culturais rurais e escravocratas originados em seu passado colonial. A fim de responder esta questão, explorei, em imagens postais da virada do século XX que tematizam o bonde nas ruas aparentemente mais modernas da área central da cidade, a relação signo-referente por meio de uma contextualização do dia-a-dia vivenciado pelos transeuntes nas ruas retratadas. O estudo revelou que a associação comumente feita entre as vistas urbanas paulistanas da virada do século e a imagem da São Paulo "moderna" não dá conta da lógica que norteia a concepção que a própria sociedade teria tido a respeito das fotografias, em seu tempo.Based on the fact that photographic postcards start to be edited in São Paulo at the end of the 19th century, this article analyses if the cards, as modern iconographic documents in the paulistano past, basically propagated, to the society of that time, visual representations of a modern city par excellence - thus free from rural and slavish cultural references, which were brought about in its colonial past. In order to answer this question I evaluated the relation between sign and referent in postcard photographs of tramways in downtown São Paulo in the turn of the 20th century by contextualizing the day-by-day experienced by pedestrians in the photographed streets . The study reveals that the common association between turn-of-the-century São Paulo urban photographs and the image of a "modern" city is not a sufficient explanation if the aim is the comprehension of that society's own

  7. Challenging Neoliberalism through Gandhian Trusteeship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshee, Reva

    2012-01-01

    This paper begins from a position of critique of the dominant neo-liberal, human capital framing of education policy today. However, unlike most critiques of this kind, the paper argues that schooling's role in the preparation of workers and consumers is nonetheless important. Education does, of necessity, have economic purposes. To this end, the…

  8. Feminism, Neoliberalism, and Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmeichel, Mardi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to analyze the sparse presence of women in social studies education and to consider the possibility of a confluence of feminism and neoliberalism within the most widely distributed National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) publication, "Social Education." Using poststructural conceptions of discourse, the author…

  9. Articulated neoliberalism: the specificity of patronage, kleptocracy, and violence in Cambodia’s neoliberalization

    OpenAIRE

    Simon Springer

    2011-01-01

    An exclusive focus on external forces risks the production of an overgeneralized account of a ubiquitous neoliberalism, which insufficiently accounts for the profusion of local variations that currently comprise the neoliberal project as a series of articulations with existing political economic circumstances. Although the international financial institutions initially promoted neoliberal economics in the global South, powerful elites were happy to oblige. Neoliberalism frequently reveals opp...

  10. SOCIAL NETWORKS AS DISPOSITIVES OF NEOLIBERAL GOVERNMENTALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Lemes de Castro

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article of theoretical reflection investigates the social networks that emerge in the context of Web 2.0, such as Facebook, as dispositives of neoliberal governmentality in the sense proposed by Foucault. From the standpoint of government of self, the design of social networks establishes a competition for attention that tends to favor the neoliberal culture of performance. In terms of social organization, the way in which users intertwine their connections is paralleled by the neoliberal paradigm of spontaneous market order. Furthermore, the use of personal information on these users, encompassing all their activities within the networks, in order to set up databases to attract advertisers reflects the neoliberal tendency of colonization of the different realms of existence by economic forces. However, the tensions that accompany neoliberal governmentality in social networks reveal its limitations, opening the possibility for these networks to also act as instruments of resistance to neoliberalism.

  11. A practice turn e o movimento social da estratégia como prática: está completa essa virada?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano de Oliveira Maciel

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Em 2006, Richard Whittington, o principal autor da corrente de pesquisa denominada estratégia como prática (strategy as practice, publicou o artigo “Completing the practice turn in strategy research”. Nesse trabalho foi apresentada uma estrutura de análise que, pretensamente, completaria a virada da prática nessa área de pesquisa ao considerar diferentes níveis da prática (micro e macro. Entretanto, críticas foram e continuam sendo dirigidas aos estudos realizados sob essa perspectiva, o que evidencia a necessidade de avaliar como está se dando a practice turn nos estudos sobre estratégia. Assim, o objetivo no presente artigo foi analisar a virada da prática nos estudos sobre estratégia, tanto no que concerne às principais características quanto à finalização desse ciclo, ao tomar essa abordagem como um movimento social. Na escolha do método, optou-se pela pesquisa não reativa de documentos existentes (dados secundários (NEUMAN, 1997. A partir desse método, foram selecionados os principais periódicos da área de administração e estratégia de acordo com o Journal Citation Reports, observando aqueles com maior fator de impacto. Com a amostra de 59 artigos, o movimento social da strategy as practice foi analisado à luz dos três momentos sugeridos por Hambrick e Chen (2008: diferenciação, mobilização e construção de legitimidade. Os resultados permitem concluir: 1. a virada da prática no campo da estratégia consiste em relacionar a corporeidade dos atores sociais, seus objetos e formas de uso, seus conhecimentos, habilidades, estados de emoção e motivações centralmente à prática; 2. essa virada está concentrada, em termos relacionais, nos pesquisadores R. Whittington e P. Jarzabkowski, com trabalhos predominantemente orientados e presos ao velho vocabulário da sociologia da regulação; 3. no que concerne à consecução ou finalização da virada da prática, como foi pretensamente estabelecido por

  12. Realism Versus Neoliberalism: A Formulation

    OpenAIRE

    Niou, Emerson M. S.; Ordeshook, Peter C.

    1989-01-01

    Although the debate between realism and neoliberalism offers deep insights and raises fundamental questions into the nature of international systems, it also offers the confusion that accompanies imprecisely formulated concepts and an imperfect application of subsidiary ideas. Using a noncooperative extensive-form game to model anarchic international systems, this essay seeks to resolve that debate by restating it in a more explicit and deductive context. Arguing that collective security corr...

  13. Neoliberalism, Universities and the Discourse of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez, Andrés; Hyslop-Margison, Emery

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberal ideology has enjoyed tremendous success over the past thirty-five years by discursively suppressing structural dissent among working and middle class citizens of industrialized countries. The general decline in economic conditions faced by contemporary workers, coupled with the 2008 global financial crisis, forced neoliberal advocates…

  14. Contesting Global Neoliberalism and Creating Alternative Futures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hursh, David W.; Henderson, Joseph A.

    2011-01-01

    Neoliberal policies, in spite of their considerable damage to economic equality, the environment, and education, remain dominant. In this paper, we suggest that neoliberalism has remained dominant in part because the power elite who benefit from the policies have gained control over both public debate and policy-making. By dominating the discourse…

  15. Da centralidade política à centralidade do corpo transumano: movimentos da terceira virada distópica na literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Marks de Marques

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Muito se discute o caráter político dos romances distópicos da chamada segunda virada (do fim do século XIX a meados da década de 1950, vistos especialmente como críticas contundentes a regimes políticos totalitários. No entanto, uma nova vertente de romances distópicos, nos últimos 30 anos, tem discutido o impacto do desejo criado pelo capitalismo tardio na transfiguração do corpo, o que tem sido central para a construção de ideias pós-humanas e transumanas. O presente artigo almeja discutir as mudanças encontradas na literatura distópica de língua inglesa ao longo do século XX para propor uma terceira virada distópica na literatura, a partir dos escritos de Fredric Jameson sobre ficção científica e utopia, nos últimos trinta anos e centrando-se nas diversas configurações do corpo construídas a partir do desejo imposto pelo capitalismo tardio e seu impacto no modo de pensamento pós-humanista e transumanista. Para tanto, exemplos de vários romances pertencentes a tal tendência são brevemente discutidos a fim de criar um panorama teórico-crítico que embase tal proposta.

  16. A Standard Fit for Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gibbon, Peter; Henriksen, Lasse Folke

    2012-01-01

    of activity to inspection (or self-inspection), audit, and certification. In the course of their investigations, the elements of a common narrative are emerging. This links standardization, audit, and certification with neoliberalism and contraction of the state, on one hand, with a reconfiguration......Social scientists and historians writing on techniques of contemporary rule, particularly those influenced by post-Marxist paradigms such as governmentality, have become increasingly preoccupied by the expanding role of standardization and the subjection of an ever-expanding array of spheres...

  17. Impacto de la Globalización Neoliberal en Sudamérica desde la perspectiva de la Transición Epidemiológica

    OpenAIRE

    Justich Zabala, Pablo Ricardo

    2010-01-01

    Esta tesis estudia la relación experimentada entre la Globalización Neoliberal en Sudamérica y la mortalidad por grupos de edad y causa, clasificados según la teoría de la transición epidemiológica. Se han estudiado 4 países sudamericanos (Argentina, Brasil, Chile y Venezuela). Se demuestra que la Globalización Neoliberal no experimenta las mejoras esperables en términos de reducción de mortalidad por causas prevenibles, presentando en muchos casos efectos negativos sobre la reducción de las ...

  18. A VIRADA ESPACIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Fani Alessandri Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva de la geografía, el artículo dibuja un punto de vista teórico y metodológico de aná - lisis de la realidad urbana, desde la centralidad de la categoría de “producción del espacio” como momento constitutivo de la manera que hace que la llamada metageografia. Una hipótesis se desarrolla a lo largo de este artículo: el proceso de reproducción de la sociedad se lleva a cabo en el mundo moderno a través de la producción del espacio urbano. Es a través de la producción del espacio que el capital se realiza apuntando a la constitución de la ciudad como un negocio y la apertura de nuevas contradicciones (sin dejar sin em - bargo profundizar otros, que son el fundamento de la lucha por la vida en el espacio, la iluminación de un proyecto de transformación guiada por la idea el “derecho a la ciudad”.

  19. "NEW" AND "OLD" IN ECONOMIC NEOLIBERALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zirra Daniela

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the evolution of economic history, the economic neoliberalism can be considered one of the most important. On the one hand, neoliberalism is a promoter of freedom in decision making process and competition. On the other hand, the market and its capability to supply information for the individuals and firms represents one of the central pillars for economic growth, development and profitability. Finally, we cannot ignore the diversity of neoliberal ideas, the number of promoters, and the global extension of neoliberalism. For these reasons, we consider that a short incursion in the history of neoliberalism is also actual and necessary. In the recent evolution of the neoliberal doctrine we can mention several important stages in the 20th century. During the first stage – between the first and second decade - Mises revived the School of Vienna, in his attempts to combat the concepts strongly promoted in the economic theory by the socialist doctrine. The second stage, comprised between the third decade and the end of the fourth decade, was an unfavourable period, during which the concepts of liberal orientation were strongly criticized. The third stage of the neoliberalism evolution, as a doctrine, can be placed between the last part of the fourth decade and the end of the fifth decade, having as object of debate the criticizing of the concepts launched in the economic literature by John Maynard Keynes. The fourth stage meant the entry of neoliberalism in a shadow cone, which lasted from the beginning of the 1950’s until towards the middle of the 1970’s, due to the popularity “enjoyed” by keynesism. The failure to apply the keynesist theories, declared in the second half of the 1970’s, meant the entry of neoliberalism in an extended stage of development, which lasted until towards the end of the first decade of the 21st century. After year 2008, there are voices stating that the neoliberal principles are unable to find the answer to

  20. The penetration of neoliberalism in the sub-national levels. The Cordoba case: analysis of new State’s provincial laws and the Fiscal Pact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Gabriel Manzo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to analyze the strategies of difusion/imposition and the content of the neoliberalism in the provinces and municipalities of Argentina using the “Córdoba’s case” as a case of reference. It is divided in two main parts: the first one, presents the strategies that the central agents use to espread/impose the neoliberalism in different parts of the planet and the main features of the neoliberal reforms of first and second generation; the second one, makes an historical analysis of the political field of Córdoba and a juridical analysis of the norms that gave form to the process of the “New State” and the “Fiscal Pact” of 2000.

  1. ESTADO Y DERECHO EN LA ERA DE LA GLOBALIZACION NEOLIBERAL: la estructura del Estado argentino propia de la década de los 90. Estado y Derecho en la era de la globalizacion neoliberal: La estructura del Estado argentino propia de la década de los 90 / State and law in the neoliberal globalization era: the structure of the Argentinean State in the nineties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Gabriel Manzo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available  Resumen: este artículo analiza las características que poseyó el Estado neoliberal argentino durante los años 90 dividiendo su estructura en cinco áreas de reformas en las cuales los organismos multilaterales de crédito focalizaron por entonces su atención. Este análisis se realiza tomando como marco de referencia empírico a las leyes a través de las cuales estas reformas se instrumentalizaron.Palabras claves: Derecho, Reformas del Estado y Neoliberalismo. Abstract: this article analyzes the characteristics that the Neoliberal State had during the 90s in Argentina dividing its structure in five areas of reforms in which the multilateral financial organizations focused its attention. This analysis is carried out taking the laws across which these reforms were institutionalized as empirical frame of data.Keywords: Law, State reform and neoliberalism.  Resumen Este artículo analiza las características que poseyó el Estado neoliberal argentino durante los años 90 dividiendo su estructura en cinco áreas de reformas en las cuales los organismos multilaterales de crédito focalizaron por entonces su atención. Este análisis se realiza tomando como marco de referencia empírico a las leyes a través de las cuales estas reformas se instrumentalizaron. Palabras claves: Derecho, Reformas del Estado y Neoliberalismo. Abstract This article analyzes the characteristics that the Neoliberal State had during the 90s in Argentina dividing its structure in five areas of reforms in which the multilateral financial organizations focused its attention. This analysis is carried out taking the laws across which these reforms were institutionalized as empirical frame of data. Keywords: Law, State reform and neoliberalism.

  2. Argentina; Argentine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    This economical study summarizes the energy situation of Argentina: energy institutions and policy, energy companies (oil, electricity, gas, coal), energy supplies (resources, power production, petroleum, natural gas), prices and tariffs, consumption, economical stakes and perspectives (investments, agreements, projects). Energy data for the 1971-1999 period are summarized in graphs and tables. (J.S.)

  3. Deliberative Democracy between Social Liberalism and Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loftager, Jørn

    agenda with problems calling for effective public reasoning and the predominance of neoliberal politics and ideas of citizenship. Whereas a social liberal notion of citizenship based on equal rights is conducive to deliberative democracy, recent years’ ne-oliberalism tends to define citizenship in terms......During the same decades as neoliberalism has expanded at the expense of social liberalism, democratic theory has witnessed a profound deliberative turn. The paper explores links be-tween these developments and presents a double argument. First, it argues for a critical oppo-sition between a current...... of labor market participation rather than (po-tential) public political participation. Second, it is also possible to discern a principal congru-ence between a notion of deliberative democratic governance that is skeptical of direct politi-cal steering and ideas of spontaneous social processes found...

  4. Once again on neoliberalism II: Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Primož Krašovec

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article begins with a critique of interpretations of neoliberalism as a conspiracy of political elites and as a process of mass expropriation, continuing with a positive theoretical definition of the relationship between the state and the economy in neoliberalism. Contrary to established views, a neoliberal state is not a weak state, but a strong state - one which somewhat distances itself from the economy, but only in order to be able to involves itself with the economy more closely and also differently than during the previous, “Fordist” period of capitalism. Today the state mostly concerns itself with establishing and maintaining competitive economic order and producing entrepreneurial subjects. This new orientation of the state also implies its institutional transformation from a democracy to a technocracy and a change in state social policy toward the welfare recipients.

  5. Democratic Education in Neoliberal and Neoconservative Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apple, Michael W.

    2011-01-01

    Given the increasing power of neoliberal and neoconservative agendas in education internationally, critically democratic policies and practices are now even more important. Yet, one of the major problems with critical work in education has been the fact that some of the academic leaders of the "critical pedagogy" movement and of critical…

  6. Neoliberalism Viewed From the Bottom Up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneris, Sophie

    2017-01-01

    the viewpoint of the vulnerable benefit claimants who encounter it on a daily basis. The analysis is based on a qualitative longitudinal study conducted from 2013 to 2015, which shows how, in varying ways, clients routinely cope with being part of a neoliberal welfare state: by resignation, by taking action...

  7. POLITICAS E REFORMAS EDUCACIONAIS NO CONTEXTO NEOLIBERAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zelina Cardoso

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This work has been prepared through bibliographic search to give focus to the influences of neoliberalism and international organizations in educational policymaking. It is important to stress that the educational system was the fruit of neoliberal hegemony season, that originated the legislation responsible education guidelines. The neoliberal philosophy, although it has been defended Friedrich Von Hayek in l945, only took strength in the mid-1970s, when collapsed economic liberalism system of John Maynard Keynes. In the years 1980 many countries, especially Latin American were in debt crisis and with that came on the scene, the World Bank debt management, as well as to promote the development of countries through external funding; The World Bank, to identify in education a human development factor, treat it as a fundamental part of funding agreements. To this end adopted tough measures for the reduction of public spending, compulsory education State responsibility only for basic education, directing education for the private sector, subject to the laws of the market. Measures were recommended to the complete reform of the educational system and the role of the State in its administration and funding, aimed at improving the quality, equity and efficiency. These measures, from the power of multilateral bodies, based on principles were winning the neoliberal view and consent between governmental authorities and government in government, have been incorporated into the Brazilian legislation.

  8. NEOLIBERALISM AND THE STATE ROLE IN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ognyana Stoichkova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Discussions on the fight against the crisis began in 2008 are still not ceasing. There are opposing views - most analysts emphasize the negative consequences of the crisis, while many opinions shared the other side of the coin - the possibility to review ways of developing the economy, to reform the political and economic model of Western civilization, which academics get neoliberal name. Most often these circles who are trying to overcome the crisis seek to restore the status quo before the crisis. These are pyramid schemes and stock exchanges, opportunities to make money without coverage, pointless unlimited consumption, disastrous gulf between poverty and wealth. Trying to beat the crisis only extends the global stagnation and away final collapse of neoliberalism. The crisis has put a big black dot in the neoliberal development of humanity in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century a need for adequate measures and actions to address the shortcomings of neoliberalism and giving the due role of the state in the economy.

  9. Community Engagement in a Neoliberal Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brackmann, Sarah M.

    2015-01-01

    Studying community engagement provides another lens for examining how neoliberal universities collaborate with external organizations to move closer to the market, often in the hope of promoting the public good. This study examined the tension between the public and private aspects of university-community partnerships by studying the impact of…

  10. Muslim saints in the age of neoliberalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soares, B.F.; Weiss, B.

    2004-01-01

    Drawing on research in two different Islamic religious centres and among three lineages of Islamic religious specialists in Mali, this article traces transformations in the nature of religious authority that have accompanied the neoliberal reforms of the last two decades. The author examines some of

  11. Crisis, Neo-liberal Globalization and Alternatives?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    Guest Lecture at Institute for Foreign Policy, University of Calcutta, 4 March 2013 Outline: Point of departure: Neoliberal globalization has reached its end-point! Why? 1 - Never delivered what was promised 2 – compromised as ideology and strategic policy device 3 – lost legitimacy – its main...... crisis of inequality, poverty and increasing North-South gap...

  12. The “Washington consensus”: before and after. The case of Argentina and Peru during the 1990-2008 period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Noejovich

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to show that the problem is not in the model itself but in the mismanagement of the prescribed policies. Despite their different social and economical structures, Argentina and Peru faced similar problems during the same period (1990-2000: a hyperinflation in the beginning and an institutional crisis at the end. After several years of economic recovery, Argentina faced a big political and economic crisis and after blaming to the so-called «neoliberal policy», reverses her policy. Actually Peru has better perspectives and Argentina has a collapse in perspective.

  13. Visible Fists, Clandestine Kicks, and Invisible Elbows: Three Forms of Regulating Neoliberal Poverty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Auyero

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Argentina In a preliminary attempt to understand the daily production of poor people’s subordination in contemporary Argentina, this paper explores the workings of overt and covert forms of state violence against the urban destitute and of more subtle modes of domination. Attention to the simultaneous operation of what this paper calls visible fists, clandestine kicks, and invisible elbows in the daily life of the dispossessed serves to a better integrate violence into the study of popular politics, and b cast light on the productive (and not merely repressive nature of state power.   Resumen: Puños visibles, patadas clandestinas y codos invisibles: tres formas de regulación de la pobreza neoliberal En un acercamiento preliminar a la producción cotidiana de la subordinación de los pobres urbanos en la Argentina contemporánea, este artículo explora las formas abiertas y encubiertas de violencia estatal contra los más destituidos y las modalidades más sutiles de dominación. Una atención simultánea a lo que el artículo denomina puños visibles, patadas clandestinas, y codos invisibles en la vida cotidiana de los desposeídos es útil a los efectos de: a integrar la violencia en el estudio de la política popular, y b iluminar la naturaleza productiva (y no meramente represiva del poder estatal.

  14. Re-Kindling Community Education in Neoliberal times

    OpenAIRE

    Fitzsimons, Camilla

    2015-01-01

    This is a study about community education in Ireland. It begins by problematising our current globalised neoliberal epoch interpreting this socio-political environment as built on a return to laissez-faire economics and a hegemonic imbuement of inequality as the norm. The research draws from literature to demonstrate how neoliberalism has greatly exacerbated income inequality demonstrating how this has been despite those responsible for implementing the neoliberal project as often asserting a...

  15. Mexico Failed Neoliberal Model 2010-2016

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    Saúl Robles-Soto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the past seven years (2010-2016, the Mexican economy has continued implementing a neoliberal economic model with economic indicators down, jutting out the gross domestic product (GDP which decreases significantly in recent years: rising unemployment, insufficient employment levels, very low wages, constant debt, governmental opacity without any sanction, inequitable distribution of income, etc. The economic model does not work for a small population segment that strives to continue implementing it despite continuous indicators down. Advocates of this neo-liberal model that does not lead to overall well-being are still being questioned in a timely manner, but the federal Government ignores this, trying to hide the asymmetries among them less they have and those who wield economic and political power.

  16. Affective subjectivation in the precarious neoliberal academia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duenas, Paola Ximena Valero; Jørgensen, Kenneth Mølbjerg; Brunila, Kristiina

    2018-01-01

    as an organisation and the relationship between managers and academics; the governing through affect in the constant ambivalence between anxiety and self-development; and the power effects of these two together in creating neoliberal academic subjects. Both the strategy of working with fictional stories......Affective subjectivation is a notion that describes the processes by which academics are inclined to turn themselves into manageable subjects within the context of precarious academic life. Based on three fictional, realistic stories, three topics are discussed: precaritisation in academia...... and the analytical stance allows opening up the public secrets of the ways in which neoliberal precarious conditions govern the lives and bodies of academics nowadays. Disclosing those secrets is a form of resistance against the violence of current affective subjectivation....

  17. Critical Perspectives on Neoliberalism in Language Education

    OpenAIRE

    Katie, Bernstein; Hellmich, Emily; Katznelson, Noah; Shin, Jaran; Vinall, Kimberly

    2013-01-01

    Language is increasingly understood as a commodified skill that allows learners, seen as language entrepreneurs, to compete in the global marketplace.  Language teaching has become increasingly privatized through the emergence of a global industry that presents language in pre-packaged, standardized forms in response to the needs of the free market. As language becomes both a target—as a technicized skill—and an instrument of neoliberalization, language education finds itself caught in the cr...

  18. Education and neoliberalism in Yucatan, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Vargas-Cetina; Steffan Igor Ayora-Diaz

    2016-01-01

    Under neoliberalism, at least in Mexico, education has been recast as a service that is to be sold for money, and not as a right of all Mexicans. The economy itself is now seen as a services economy, where everything is expected to make money. Here we reflect on some of the implications of current education reforms on our work at the Autonomous University of Yucatan.

  19. Education and neoliberalism in Yucatan, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Vargas-Cetina

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Under neoliberalism, at least in Mexico, education has been recast as a service that is to be sold for money, and not as a right of all Mexicans. The economy itself is now seen as a services economy, where everything is expected to make money. Here we reflect on some of the implications of current education reforms on our work at the Autonomous University of Yucatan.

  20. Reappropriating Desires in Neoliberal Societies through KPop

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Daisy

    2012-01-01

    This project analyzes contemporary KPop as a commercial cultural production and as a business model that emerged as the South Korean state’s U.S-aligned neoliberal project. This thesis focuses on Kpop's functions as an ideological, political, and economic apparatus serving the production and reproduction of desires in the emergence of various sub-cultures at disparate sites across the globe. Legacies of colonialism, neocolonialism, and (late) capitalist developments sanctioned the cond...

  1. Neoliberalism, Applied Linguistics and the PNLD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei J. Zacchi

    2016-01-01

    Based on the bookNeoliberalism and Applied Linguistics (Block, Gray & Holborow, 2012a, this paper aims at discussing the relationship between these two concepts. After a general discussion on the subject, the paper will deal with the use of celebrities in English language textbooks as an element of identification and as a means to advance neoliberal values. A second aspect refers to the promotion of social and cultural diversity and pluralism in a way that may be also attending to the market’s interests. These aspects will finally be analysed in the series Links(Santos & Marques, 2009a, 2009b, 2009c, of the National Textbook Program (PNLD for primary education. Whereas the textbooks use celebrities and present other neoliberal tendencies, they also propose activities that seek to promote citizenship and inclusion, probably in order to fulfil the Ministry of Education's demands through PNLD. This ambiguity may be related to the fact that the PNLD is a state-run program for public education that relies on the commercial editorial market to produce and sell the textbooks.

  2. (Misiones, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Márquez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Reserva “Cuñá Pirú” se registraron un total de 9 familias, 29 géneros y 52 especies y taxones infraespecíficos. El género mejor representado es Asplenium con 8 especies, dos de ellas novedades para la flora argentina. El resto de los géneros tienen 1-3 especies. Estas plantas se hallan preferentemente en el interior de la selva y en el borde de los caminos y arroyos. Se presentan claves dicotómicas para la determinación de los grupos y entidades, como así también referencias bibliográficas, distribucionales y ecológicas.

  3. Language "Skills" and the Neoliberal English Education Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyunjung

    2016-01-01

    Neoliberal transformation of self, learning, and teaching constructs individuals as bundles of skills (or human capital) and subordinates learning to skill production characterized by an ethic of entrepreneurial self-management [Urciuoli, Bonnie. 2010. "Neoliberal Education: Preparing the Student for the New Workplace." In…

  4. Early Childhood Education in Neoliberal, Religiously Conservative Times in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksoy, Naciye; Eren Deniz, Ebru

    2018-01-01

    This article provides an analysis and discussion of the impacts of neoliberal, religiously conservative educational policies on early childhood education (ECE) in Turkey. After an introduction, the article is presented in four sections. The first section provides an overview of neoliberal, religiously conservative policies in the Turkish…

  5. The Terror of Neoliberalism: Authoritarianism and the Eclipse of Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giroux, Henry A.

    2004-01-01

    Neoliberalism has become the most influential ideology of our times. It guides both Democratic and Republican policies and, increasingly, those of European and developing countries worldwide. Influential cultural critic Henry Giroux assesses the impact of neoliberalism and points in this book to better approaches to building real democracy.…

  6. Neo-Liberalism, Irish Society and Adult Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finnegan, Fergal

    2008-01-01

    This article offers an overview of recent international scholarship on neo-liberalism in particular the work of the geographer and historian David Harvey and the recent books of the educationalist Henry Giroux. It begins with a brief historical account of neo-liberalism and outlines the main characteristics of the free market era. Irish society…

  7. Financial Literacy in Ontario: Neoliberalism, Pierre Bourdieu and the Citizen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Chris

    2011-01-01

    Utilizing concepts from Pierre Bourdieu I argue that the implementation of financial literacy education in Ontario public schools will, if uncontested, support a neoliberal consumer habitus (subjectivity) at the expense of the critical citizen. This internalization of the neoliberal ethos assists state efforts to shift responsibility for…

  8. Some recent responses to neoliberalism and its views on education ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article is about developments that are on the rise in response to the global hegemony of the neoliberal approach to life in general and education in particular. After an outline of what neoliberalism entails and how it has impacted education, the discussion moves on to an outline of several of these new developments ...

  9. Show Me the Money! Neoliberalism at Work in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Stephen J.

    2012-01-01

    Neoliberalism is often addressed by commentators and critics as a set of ideas or a doctrine. This article considers neoliberalism as a set of financial practices and exchanges--as about money and profit--and goes on to suggest that as practitioners, researchers, activists we need to understand and engage with that logic and its mechanisms.…

  10. Individual Autonomy or Social Engagement? Adult Learners in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Numerous scholars have documented and critiqued the predominance of neoliberal policies and rationalities shaping adult and continuing education around the world. Contemporary sociologists have argued that neoliberal citizens are characterized by hyperindividuality and a strong sense of personal autonomy. Self-help reading is widely viewed as one…

  11. Foucault's Flirt? Neoliberalism, the Left and the Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Magnus Paulsen

    2015-01-01

    An essay on the review of works interpreting the lectures of Michel Foucault on neoliberalism is presented. It offers a history of neoliberalism as a way to reinvent the left and examines the way Foucault betrayed the left while resisting to be connected with a normative political programme...

  12. Challenging Neoliberalism and Multicultural Love in Art Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gipson, Leah

    2017-01-01

    In this article, I examine the ties between neoliberalism and multiculturalism in art therapy in the United States. I explore the neoliberal privatization of society as an influence of individualistic norms in the profession. I explain my analysis of multiculturalism using the 1954 film "Magnificent Obsession" and introduce the concept…

  13. Neo-liberalism and Changing Customary Land Tenure Systems in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neo-liberal policies, demographic pressures, urbanization and the resultant competition for land are some of the underlying factors accounting for the evolution of the systems in general. In Northern Ghana, neo-liberal policies dictate the pace of the evolution through the hardships that it has created for northern poor ...

  14. Neoliberal Values and Disability: Critical Approach to Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romstein, Ksenija

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberalism is a global phenomenon which has various forms. It is an ideology, as well as a package of political actions. Although it is an economic concept, nowadays it is present in all areas of social life, including education. Explicitly, neoliberalism facilitates cooperation between diverse social factors. However, its implicit purposes are…

  15. Indigenous Education, Colonization, Neoliberal Schools, and Narratives of Survivance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Jim; Nolan, Jaime; Weston, Ernest, Jr.; Malcolm, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Framed in Foucault's theorization of governmentality and drawing on Harvey's scholarship on neoliberalism and Arvin, Tuck, and Morrill's critical analysis of heteropatriarchal settler colonialism, we theorize a historical linkage between colonizing education and neoliberal schooling. Against that historical backdrop, Ernest and Amanda, two Native…

  16. Neoliberal Competition in Higher Education Today: Research, Accountability and Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olssen, Mark

    2016-01-01

    Drawing on Foucault's elaboration of neoliberalism as a positive form of state power, the ascendancy of neoliberalism in higher education in Britain is examined in terms of the displacement of public good models of governance, and their replacement with individualised incentives and performance targets, heralding new and more stringent conceptions…

  17. Perversity of Enjoyment? Preschool Music Activities Go Neoliberal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmberg, Kristina; Zimmerman Nilsson, Marie-Helene

    2017-01-01

    There is a lack of empirical studies that examine the influence of neoliberal ideas in preschool music and teaching. Neoliberal ideas have primarily been studied in a broader educational perspective and related to preschool policy reforms. The aim of this paper is to study preschool teachers' rhetoric concerning music contents and music activities…

  18. The Neoliberal Racial Project: The Tiger Mother and Governmentality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Jeong-eun

    2013-01-01

    Combining the conceptual approach of racial formation and racial projects with the Foucauldian concept of governmentality, Jeong-eun Rhee theorizes the "neoliberal racial project" (NRP) and examines contemporary meanings and operations of race and racism in relation to neoliberalism. She analyzes Amy Chua's popular parenting memoir,…

  19. Chaco, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. O. Sanabria

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La producción de carbón de residuos de aserraderos de la especie Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco en la provincia del Chaco, Argentina, se realiza por medio de hornos convencionales, tipo media naranja con un rendimiento en peso de carbón de 25 % y un rendimiento en carbono fijo de 74 %. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue proponer una alternativa más eficiente del uso de residuos de aserraderos para optimizar el rendimiento en peso de carbón y el rendimiento en carbono fijo. Para ello, se procedió a fabricar carbón por destilación seca, de acuerdo a un diseño experimental compuesto controlando los siguientes parámetros: velocidad de calentamiento entre 60 y 120 ºC·h-1 y temperatura final de carbonización entre 450 y 550 ºC. Los resultados arrojan un rendimiento en peso de carbón del 48 % trabajando con una velocidad de calentamiento y temperatura final de carbonización baja, disminuyendo este rendimiento a un 36 %, cuando se trabaja a velocidades de calentamiento y temperaturas finales de carbonización, altas. En lo que respecta a rendimiento en carbono fijo, su comportamiento es de manera inversa en referencia a las variables antes mencionadas, pero siempre con un rendimiento superior al 82 %.

  20. La cultura y el modelo neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Esteinou Madrid

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Para el autor la presionada adopción del modelo económico neoliberal es una colosal amenaza a la supervivencia de las culturas nacionales y un obstáculo insuperable contra el surgimiento de modos de uso socialmente responsables de los medios de comunicación. Las liberalizaciones en curso son casi satánicas en su insidiosa capacidad para “sepultar el alma cultural de nuestras sociedades" despojándolas de valores, y forzando el abandono en masa de cualquier utopía solidaria.

  1. A lamotrigina pode induzir virada maníaca? ¿Lamotrigina puede inducir manía? Can lamotrigine induce switch into mania?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elie Cheniaux

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Em ensaios clínicos controlados com pacientes bipolares, a lamotrigina tem demonstrado eficácia no tratamento da fase aguda da depressão e, principalmente, na prevenção de novos episódios depressivos. É relatado o caso de um paciente bipolar tipo II, ciclador rápido, que, durante um episódio depressivo, fez uso dessa substância, em monoterapia, e passou a apresentar um quadro maníaco disfórico. Este remitiu logo após a retirada da medicação e foi sucedido por um novo episódio depressivo. Essa ocorrência foi bastante inesperada diante dos dados clínicos da literatura científica, os quais associam a lamotrigina a uma taxa muito baixa de virada para a mania.En los ensayos clínicos controlados con pacientes bipolares, la lamotrigina mostró eficacia en el tratamiento de la fase aguda de la depresión y, principalmente, en la prevención de nuevos episodios depresivos. Describimos un caso de un paciente bipolar de tipo II, con un curso de ciclos rápidos, que, durante un episodio depresivo, tomó lamotrigina en monoterapia, desarrollando un episodio maníaco disfórico. Este episodio remitió pronto después de la suspensión de la medicina y fue seguido por un nuevo episodio depresivo. Esa ocurrencia fue bastante inesperada si comparada a los datos clínicos de la literatura científica, que muestran la lamotrigina con una tasa muy baja de "viraje" para la manía.Controlled clinical trials involving bipolar patients have shown that lamotrigine is effective in acute phase treatment of depression and mainly in the prevention of new depressive episodes. We report the case of a bipolar II, rapid cycling patient who used lamotrigine (in monotherapy during a depressive episode and developed a dysphoric manic episode. This episode resolved soon after discontinuation of the drug and was followed by a new depressive episode. The occurrence of the dysphoric manic episode was much unexpected, based on the clinical data found in the

  2. A Argentina entre as reformas econômicas neoliberais e a redefinição das negociações com o FMI (1989-2007 L'Argentine entre les réformes économiques néoliberales et la redéfinition des négociations avec le FMI (1989-2007 Argentina: between neoliberal economic reform and redefinitions of negotiations with the IMF (1989-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Rodrigues Marques da Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a influência da crise econômica sobre a formação de novas coalizões políticas na Argentina dos anos 2000, as quais levaram a uma ruptura em relação à política econômica adotada pelos governos Menem e De la Rúa. Essas transformações permitiram uma mudança na estratégia do governo Kirchner nas relações com o Fundo Monetário Internacional (FMI, levando a uma posição mais dura do governo argentino em rechaço às posições do Fundo. A política econômica sustentada pelos governos Duhalde e Kirchner teve como base o regime cambial competitivo, em substituição ao regime de conversibilidade vigente nos anos 1990, e contou com o apoio dos grupos empresariais voltados para o mercado doméstico, favorecidos pela desvalorização do peso. A proposta desses governos para a promoção do crescimento econômico excluiu atores com vínculos externos, que faziam parte das coalizões de apoio nas gestões Menem e De la Rúa. Entre os excluídos estavam os credores que detinham papéis da dívida em moratória desde 2001 e empresas prestadoras de serviços públicos privatizadas na década de 1990, que recebiam apoio do FMI. Essas razões explicam o fato das negociações com o Fundo durante o governo Kirchner terem sido marcadas por impasses e pela postura firme dos negociadores argentinos. Transformações no contexto internacional também tiveram impacto sobre as negociações do governo Kirchner com o FMI. Com a eleição de George W. Bush nos Estados Unidos, em 2000, enfraqueceu-se o apoio norte-americano à concessão de empréstimos do Fundo a países em desenvolvimento. O governo republicano defendeu ainda a redução do papel do FMI na intermediação das negociações entre países devedores e credores privados. O governo argentino sentia que já poderia, nessa altura, dispensar a intermediação de instituições financeiras internacionais nas negociações referentes à dívida p

  3. Neoliberalism and shrimp industry in Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Romero Salgado

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of the effects of the shrimp industry development in the mangrove ecosystem, the socio-environmental conflicts generated and its relationship with neoliberalism and the financial crisis of 1999 in Ecuador. After a review of the importance of the mangrove ecosystem, the stages of the shrimp expansion, its promoters, the mangrove deforestation and the socio-environmental effects caused, I will analyze the shrimp crisis, its parallels with the financial crisis of 1999 and its subsequent recovery. I will show that the shrimp industry expanded in mangrove areas in order to reduce costs, even breaking the law and creating environmental degradation, vulnerability of the costs and loss of natural resources, based on the exploitation and privatization of a public good. This created unemployment, migration and impoverishment to local populations and costs that the State will have to assume. Therefore, it is a process of “accumulation by dispossession” characteristic of neoliberalism.

  4. Neoliberalism and human services: threat and innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swenson, S

    2008-07-01

    The turn to neoliberalism in welfare policy suggests that human services need to be based on a market approach. The problem with this suggestion is that it presupposes marketing information such that service providers can market their services for identified client needs. In the field of intellectual disability (ID) services this type of information is not available. The method is a reflective analysis of the key presupposition of a market-orientated approach to disability services, namely that service providers know who needs what. Using insights from marketing theory the paper engages in a reflective thought experiment to lay out the intricacies of this presupposition. The analysis results in an argument regarding the validation of a market-based approach to disability services. First, this approach has its limits in view of the question of whether the specific and atypical needs of people with ID, as well as their financial position as potential consumers constitute a market. Second, the approach has limited validity both in view of the ability of people with ID to act as consumers, and of the restrictions imposed upon them by the eligibility criteria for welfare and support programmes. A market-based approach to disability services and supports can be helpful to spur innovation and further political and philosophical inquiry in human services, but the neoliberal optimism about the market as the only successful mechanism for service distribution is misplaced.

  5. Pentecostalism and Politics in Neoliberal Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Lindhardt

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo investiga las relaciones históricas y contemporáneas entre el Pentecostalismo y la política en Chile. La primera parte del artículo provee un resumen histórico del crecimiento y consolidación de la religión Pentecostal en relación a diferentes ambientes políticos. En este artículo se esclarecen además las diferentes posturas Pentecostales hacia la esfera política. En particular hago hincapié, en cómo surge una cultura de desencanto político en el Chile post-dictatorial que crea un vacío simbólico, el cual trae como consecuencia el nacimiento de movimientos religiosos. En la segunda parte de este artículo se discute las posibles afinidades entre el Pentecostalismo, como una cultura religiosa, y los principios democráticos. El argumento es que a pesar de que el Pentecostalismo puede contener algunas cualidades democráticas, también existe una compatibilidad notable entre la visión teísta e individualista Pentecostal acerca de los cambios sociales, y un orden social neoliberal, en donde la indolencia política se expande y en donde predomina un sentido de progreso individual y no colectivo. English: This article explores historical and contemporary relationships between Pentecostalism and politics in Chile. The first part of the article provides an historical account of the growth and consolidation of Pentecostal religion within changing political environments and sheds light on Pentecostal stances to and involvements with the political sphere. In particular, it focuses on how a culture of political disenchantment has emerged in post-dictatorial neo-liberal Chile, creating a symbolic void that can be filled by religious movements. The second part of the article discusses possible affinities between Pentecostalism as a religious culture and democratic principles and values. It argues that although Pentecostalism may contain certain democratic qualities, there is also a striking compatibility between, on the one

  6. Las falacias de la ideologia neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Tejedor de la Iglesia

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available El neoliberalismo se ha convertido en las últimas décadas en la única brújula de la política en el contexto de la globalización económica. Incluso se ha llegado a dar por sentado que el liberalismo económico constituye el “fin de la historia”. La llamada “ciencia” económica trata de dar forma académica a las tesis neoliberales. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo desvelar las falacias que encierra la ideología neoliberal, y mostrar cómo la deriva que ha tomado últimamente la economía política en los países desarrollados no es ni la única posible ni la más beneficiosa posible.

  7. Neoliberal fashion: The return to sewing sweatshops

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerónimo Montero

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the re-emergence of sewing sweatshops both in major and peripheral big cities around the world, in order to understand the changes that took place in the fashion industry over the past four decades and their consequences on the workers. Two case studies were carried out to this aim: one in the city of Buenos Aires and another one in the province of Prato [Italy]. The results of the investigation show that this sector was a pioneer in the Neoliberal industrial re-organization processes. In both case studies, the closing down of factories and the massive use of informal urban workshop subcontracting resulted in significant asset concentration as well as in a marked deterioration of labor conditions. In fact, human trafficking and the slavery of thousands of immigrant workers are vital to this industry's operation

  8. Visiting the neo-liberal university

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Asger

    2015-01-01

    At Danish universities, the governance structure is regulated by law. This structure was radically changed in 2003, abolishing the republican rule of the senate consisting of academics, students, and staff in favour of an authoritarian system assigning all executive power to the vice-chancellor, ......At Danish universities, the governance structure is regulated by law. This structure was radically changed in 2003, abolishing the republican rule of the senate consisting of academics, students, and staff in favour of an authoritarian system assigning all executive power to the vice...... university, which may be attributed to two leading Enlightenment figures, Wilhelm von Humboldt and Denis Diderot. The conclusion is that to some extent, the failure to resist the neo-liberal university reforms in Denmark and the UK, and the drama of the Koldau case, may be explained with reference...

  9. 1986 POLICY: BEGINNING OF NEO-LIBERAL AGENDA

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics... VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLES OF. EQUALITY & SOCIAL JUSTICE.. INTRODUCED A SOCIO-POLITICAL FAULT FOR NEO-LIBERAL FORCES TO PROMOTE PRINCIPLE OF PARALLEL STREAMS.

  10. Neoliberalism in education: Five images of critical analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislav Pupala

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The survey study brings information about the way that educational researchcopes with neoliberalism as a generalized form of social government in the currentwestern culture. It shows that neoliberalism is considered as a universal scope of otherchanges in the basic segments of education and those theoretical and critical analyses ofthis phenomenon represent an important part of production in the area of educationalresearch. It emphasizes the contribution of formation and development of the socalledgovernmental studies for comprehension of mechanisms and consequences ofneoliberal government of the society and shows how way the methodology of thesestudies helps to identify neoliberal strategies used in the regulation of social subjectsby education. There are five selected segments of critical analyses elaborated (fromthe concept of a lifelong learning, through preschool and university education to theeducation of teachers and PISA project that obviously show ideological and theoreticalcohesiveness of the education analysis through the scope of neoliberal governmentality.

  11. Beyond neo-liberalism: Higher education diploma inflation in Taiwan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Robin J Chen; Joseph M Chin

    2016-01-01

    ... resulting challenges, with an oversupply of diplomas compared to demand. By adopting neo-liberalism as a theoretical approach, this study examines the discourse and legitimization underlying higher education evolution in Taiwan...

  12. Neoliberalism and the Crisis in higher education In South Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. The socio-economic conditions that sparked the student protests – fee increases, student debt, labour outsourcing and racial inequality – can all be traced to neoliberal ideology and policies.

  13. The neoliberal policy paradigm and the great recession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stein Howard

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the relationship between neoliberal policies and the Great Recession with a focus on the persistence of the policy paradigm in spite of overwhelming evidence of its role in creating the crisis. These economic problems are only the latest that have arisen in the wake of the three long decade experiment with these policy packages. The paper investigates the ideological, methodological, historical, theoretical, political and economic interests underlying the perpetuation of neoliberalism.

  14. Career guidance for Social Justice in Neo-Liberal Times

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Rie; Skovhus, Randi Boelskifte; Sultana, Ronald

    SIMPOSIO 16. Career guidance for Social Justice in Neo-Liberal Times (English) Ronald Sultana (Coord.), Tristram Hooley (Coord.), Rie Thomsen, Peter Plant, Roger Kjærgård, Marcelo Afonso Ribeiro, Randi Boelskifte Skovhus and Tron Inglar......SIMPOSIO 16. Career guidance for Social Justice in Neo-Liberal Times (English) Ronald Sultana (Coord.), Tristram Hooley (Coord.), Rie Thomsen, Peter Plant, Roger Kjærgård, Marcelo Afonso Ribeiro, Randi Boelskifte Skovhus and Tron Inglar...

  15. A PRODUÇÃO CIENTÍFICA BRASILEIRA SOBRE A TEORIA E A PRÁXIS DO PSICÓLOGO ORGANIZACIONAL E DO TRABALHO NA VIRADA DO SÉCULO XXI

    OpenAIRE

    Sofia Urt

    2016-01-01

    O presente artigo trata-se de pesquisa teórica a respeito das contribuições da Psicologia às organizações de trabalho e da atuação do psicólogo organizacional e do trabalho, em publicações ocorridas na virada do século XXI. O objetivo geral foi conhecer a produção científica brasileira da Psicologia voltada às organizações de trabalho, em seus aspectos teóricos e pragmáticos, no período compreendido entre os anos finais do século XX e anos iniciais do século XXI. Para a sua consecução, primei...

  16. CONTRATOS GERENCIALISTAS, ESTADO NEOLIBERAL Y AUTONOMÍA ENRAIZADA/Managerialist-type contracts, Neoliberal State and embedded autonomy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pedro Narbondo

    2011-01-01

    .... I assert that the contractual relationships in the specific form proposed by the NPM in its ideal-type model is functional with the ideal neoliberal State-type, because it weakens the power of the...

  17. For the love of love: neoliberal governmentality, neoliberal melancholy, critical intersectionality, and the advent of solidarity with the other Mormons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Wenshu

    2012-01-01

    This article performs critical intellectual labor for social and political change against neoliberalism in three ways. First, it explores and connects neoliberal governmentality and neoliberal melancholy, two anchor experiences in our twenty-first century political quotidian. Second, it engages in the sense making of Proposition 8 (a California voter initiative to ban same-sex marriage, which was narrowly passed in 2008) as a case study of religious organizations (the Mormon Church and their religious allies) and their complicity with neoliberal states to foster subjection and subjectivation through critical intersectionality that goes beyond the identity trinity of race, class, and gender. Finally, the article suggests two technologies as a new hand to outplay the excess of neoliberalism for the triumph of our common humanity: 1) mourning over the devastation brought about by neoliberalism and 2) loving our love for those with whom we usually do not form affinity connections, such as the other Mormons, those who are othered because of their departure from church orthodoxy.

  18. Medical revolution in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballarin, V L; Isoardi, R A

    2010-01-01

    The paper discusses the major Argentineans contributors, medical physicists and scientists, in medical imaging and the development of medical imaging in Argentina. The following are presented: history of medical imaging in Argentina: the pioneers; medical imaging and medical revolution; nuclear medicine imaging; ultrasound imaging; and mathematics, physics, and electronics in medical image research: a multidisciplinary endeavor.

  19. Nuevas formas del militantismo en la época neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Marsi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A la vez que produce múltiples formas de violencia socioeconómica (desempleo estructural, precariedad, pobreza, el capitalismo neoliberal intenta evacuar cualquier tipo de reacción antisistémica, condenando la violencia. Ante estos procesos emergen en Europa nuevas formas de protesta que toman distancia del militantismo tradicional. Mediatización, teatralización, espíritu festivo, rechazo a la teorización ideológica y a la violencia: en cierto sentido, se trata de una nueva "estética" del militantismo. ¿En qué medida esta postura puede, paradójicamente, ser funcional a la consolidación del modelo neoliberal? La presente comunicación se propone reflexionar, por un lado, acerca de la legitimidad de la violencia como modalidad del diálogo político y, por otro, sobre los límites del nuevo militantismo "no violento" en relación con las contradicciones intrínsecas de la ideología neoliberal.Palabras clave: Violencia, militantismo, protesta, capitalismo, neoliberalismo___________Abstract: Neoliberal capitalism produces socio-economic violence (structural unemployment, precariousness, poverty, but its discourse condemns the violence and tries to prevent any anti-capitalist reaction. In such context, new forms of social protest are spreading in Europe and distance themselves from traditional activism. Mediatization, dramatization, festive atmosphere, refusal of violence and of any ideological theorization: in some way, it is a new "esthetics" of activism. This paper intends to explain why this posture can paradoxically strengthen the neoliberal model. It analyzes the choice of violence as a legitimate tool of the political "dialog" as well as the limits of new "no violent" activism in relation with the contradictions of neoliberal ideology.Keywords: Violence, activism, social protest, capitalism, neoliberalism    

  20. Thinking Like an Economist: The Neoliberal Politics of the Economics Textbook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuidhof, P.W.

    2014-01-01

    This article surveys 10 introductory economics textbooks to examine whether and how economics contributed to the rise of neoliberalism. It defines neoliberalism as a political rationality characterized by market constructivism. In contrast with conventional liberal approaches that view limited

  1. Biting the Hand That Feeds You? Teachers Engage with an Ethnography of Neoliberalism in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Amy

    2017-01-01

    Scholars who document neoliberal trends in education argue that privatization and corporatization in schools is dehumanizing and discourages democratic participation. These scholars assert that neoliberal education policies heighten social inequity by emphasizing individualism, marketability and colorblindness without interrogating social…

  2. Feral Parents: austerity parenting under neoliberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara de Benedictis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the discourse of 'feral' parenting that emerged during and in the direct aftermath of the UK riots of 2011 from an austerity perspective. Despite the riots occurring amidst a global economic downturn, a diversification of Britain's political landscape and great social unrest, this discourse positioned the culpability for the riots on a class of 'feral' children borne of 'feral' parents. More precisely, this blame was centred upon the lone, working-class mother. The 'feral' parent discourse created these parents in opposition to the 'austere' parent citizen inscribed as the norm within the current economic climate. Whilst this vilification has a substantial history and draws upon pre-existing notions of value, this discourse was simultaneously imbued with contemporary meaning to aid novel socio-economic and political incentives under austerity. Through analysing news media and political rhetoric, I argue that austerity parenting is a significant component of neoliberal governmentality whereby social norms around parenting, marriage and employment are naturalised.

  3. Neoliberal globalization and its repercussions on education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Javier Díez Gutiérrez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Neo-liberalism has become the backdrop to the changes in world-wide educational policy, which are no longer limited to cut-backs in resources or privatisation but which actually affect the very core of educational theory and pedagogical politics on a fundamental level. The conflicts which spill over into the school represent part of a more generalised crisis in politics and citizenship in global capitalism. Using the argument that education should meet the demands of society, an evidently reductionalist interpretation is made by which society sees school and university solely in terms of their usefulness to business, and centres education around the preparation of the type of professionals demanded by companies. According to this philosophy, investment in education and the curriculum should be tailored to meet the needs of the market, and seen as a preparation for the labour market. The social role of education, as a training ground for democracy and citizenship, is now seen as a waste of public funds, and has been replaced by the view private companies have of the function of education: as a training ground for meeting the needs of business. A “flexible” and “multi-purpose” employee thus constitutes the new ideal reference point for pedagogy.

  4. Authoritarian Neoliberalism, the Occupy Movements, and IPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Bruff

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In the absence of any kind of hegemonic aura, neoliberal practices have proved increasingly unable to garner the consent, or even the reluctant acquiescence, necessary for more ‘normal’ modes of governance. Of particular importance in the post-2007 crisis has been the growing frequency with which constitutional and legal changes, in the name of economic ‘necessity’, are seeking to reshape the purpose of the state and associated institutions. This attempted reconfiguration is three-fold: (1 the more immediate appeal to material circumstances as a reason for the state being unable, despite ‘the best will in the world’, to reverse processes such as greater socioeconomic inequality and dislocation;(2 the deeper and longer-term recalibration of what kind of activity is feasible and appropriate for ‘non-market’ institutions to engage in, diminishing expectations in the process; and (3 the reconceptualisation of the state as increasingly non-democratic through its subordination to constitutional and legal rules that are ‘necessary’ for prosperity to be achieved.

  5. The ontology of science teaching in the neoliberal era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Ajay

    2017-11-01

    Because of ever stricter standards of accountability, science teachers are under an increasing and unrelenting pressure to demonstrate the effects of their teaching on student learning. Econometric perspectives of teacher quality have become normative in assessment of teachers' work for accountability purposes. These perspectives seek to normalize some key ontological assumptions about teachers and teaching, and thus play an important role in shaping our understanding of the work science teachers do as teachers in their classrooms. In this conceptual paper I examine the ontology of science teaching as embedded in econometric perspectives of teacher quality. Based on Foucault's articulation of neoliberalism as a discourse of governmentality in his `The Birth of Biopolitics' lectures, I suggest that this ontology corresponds well with the strong and substantivist ontology of work under neoliberalism, and thus could potentially be seen as reflection of the influence of neoliberal ideas in education. Implications of the mainstreaming of an ontology of teaching that is compatible with neoliberalism can be seen in increasing marketization of teaching, `teaching evangelism', and impoverished notions of learning and teaching. A shift of focus from teacher quality to quality of teaching and building conceptual models of teaching based on relational ontologies deserve to be explored as important steps in preserving critical and socially just conceptions of science teaching in neoliberal times.

  6. The ontology of science teaching in the neoliberal era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Ajay

    2017-12-01

    Because of ever stricter standards of accountability, science teachers are under an increasing and unrelenting pressure to demonstrate the effects of their teaching on student learning. Econometric perspectives of teacher quality have become normative in assessment of teachers' work for accountability purposes. These perspectives seek to normalize some key ontological assumptions about teachers and teaching, and thus play an important role in shaping our understanding of the work science teachers do as teachers in their classrooms. In this conceptual paper I examine the ontology of science teaching as embedded in econometric perspectives of teacher quality. Based on Foucault's articulation of neoliberalism as a discourse of governmentality in his `The Birth of Biopolitics' lectures, I suggest that this ontology corresponds well with the strong and substantivist ontology of work under neoliberalism, and thus could potentially be seen as reflection of the influence of neoliberal ideas in education. Implications of the mainstreaming of an ontology of teaching that is compatible with neoliberalism can be seen in increasing marketization of teaching, `teaching evangelism', and impoverished notions of learning and teaching. A shift of focus from teacher quality to quality of teaching and building conceptual models of teaching based on relational ontologies deserve to be explored as important steps in preserving critical and socially just conceptions of science teaching in neoliberal times.

  7. Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, Eve

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

  8. Insights beyond Neo-Liberal Educational Practices: The Value of Discourse Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turunen, Tuija A.; Rafferty, John

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the nature, power and effects of neo-liberal rationale in educational settings. By introducing discourse analysis of two cases, the influence of neo-liberal ideology on contemporary curricula and school programs were examined. The analysis showed that dominant discourses based on neo-liberal rationale presented themselves as…

  9. The Reproduction of Neoliberalism and the Global Capitalist Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juego, Bonn

    2012-01-01

    The paper attempts to contribute to a critical reading of contemporary global political economy. It provides an analysis through an empirical exposition of the latent and manifest ways neoliberalism is being reproduced institutionally and relationally despite and because of the ongoing global...... multilateral organizations to global justice movements – hence, the absence of relatively new perspectives – as evident in their respective policy prescriptions and crisis responses that effectively perpetuate the hegemony of neoliberal capitalism; and third, the emergence of the political-economic regime...... capitalist crisis. To this end, three interrelated themes are highlighted here: first, the constitutive role and functional character of crises in the evolution of capitalism and the reproduction of its current neoliberal configuration; second, the continuity of long-held ideas of groups ranging from...

  10. Transition pedagogies and the neoliberal episteme: What do academics think?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Hughes

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available There has been much discussion of the massification of higher education and its impact on contemporary universities in terms of increased demands on academic staff in the context of neoliberal managerialism, and the power regimes which govern the sector. Less is written about the pedagogies used under neoliberalism. Many academics view tertiary education as both an individually and socially transformative process, and there is a sense that the current discursive environment engenders an inertia wherein this commitment is lost. This paper focusses on a small qualitative study of staff working in two universities at the bottom of the league tables. Their perceptions of pedagogical work and their views of their transformative potential under neoliberalism is discussed. The argument is made that there is the potential for building a space for critical education in contemporary universities. This article explores these issues, arguing that the use of transition pedagogies can create a transformative education.

  11. Family medicine in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Susana Bresca

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In Argentina, family medicine begins to appear in the sixties. It has followed along with the movement in favour of the specialty in Latin America and its existence in important areas is strongly related to men and women who have defended and promoted the specialty. It is present in many Ministry of Health programs; however, its development has depended and still depends on each jurisdiction and upon the coordination between the subsystems and political regions. The professional associations that bring together general practitioners and family doctors in Argentina.FAMG (General Medicine Federation of Argentina and FAMFYG (Argentina Federation of Family and General Medicine, have consolidated healthcare teams, elevated the scientific level of both family doctors in training as well as already certified practitioners, and have become acknowledged entities that certify the specialty and accreditation of teaching centers. Insertion in universities, provinces and private providers still poses challenges.

  12. Un pueblo, dos estados: participación mapuche en el estado en Argentina y Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Ameghino,Nadia

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo analiza las políticas públicas y las estrategias de las organizaciones indígenas mapuche en Argentina y Chile. Este proceso puede ser dividido en tres etapas: de integración, aculturación y asimilación etnocéntrica; de multiculturalismo neoliberal; y de institucionalización y demandas indígenas como políticas de Estado. En el marco de analizar las transformaciones de la última etapa, se describen dos casos de participación mapuche en instituciones estatales: el Programa ...

  13. Global forces and local currents in Argentina's science policy crossroads: restricted access or open knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Javier Etchichury

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the tensions between two competing approaches to scientific policy in Argentina. The traditional vision favors autonomous research. The neoliberal conception fosters the link between science and markets. In the past few years, a neodevelopmentalist current also tries to stress relevance of scientific research. Finally, the article describes how the Open Access movement has entered the debate. The World Bank intervention and the human rights dimension of the question are discussed in depth. The article introduces the notion of open knowledge as a guiding criterion to design a human-rights based scientific policy.

  14. Psychotherapy, psychoanalysis and urban poverty in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epele, Maria Esther

    2016-12-01

    Based on ethnographic research carried out in the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area, this paper examines the views of social actors on the psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy focused on marginalized populations. From Foucault's perspective on the forms of truth-telling, the aim of this paper is to analyze, as a preliminary research report, treatments according to the native ways of speaking and listening, which dominate the description of therapeutic experiences of patients who come to the treatment without any professional intermediation. The neoliberal transformations of the past decades in Argentina changed both the landscape of the public health system and the daily lives of marginalized people. Considering such changes, this paper examines the ways in which verbal actions (speaking and listening) take place in psychotherapy and mark the course not only of treatments but also the temporal rhythms of their development, and their various levels of efficacy. Finally, the discussion focuses on how ways of speaking and listening in treatments are modeled not only by institutional dynamics but also by the characteristics these verbal activities take in everyday life under the logics of power that prevail over them.

  15. Neoliberalism, Emotional Experience in Education and Adam Smith: Reading "The Theory of Moral Sentiments" Alongside "The Wealth of Nations"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines some critical accounts of emotional life shaped by neoliberalism. A range of literature concerned with neoliberalism and emotional experience in educational contexts is reviewed. I argue that neoliberal "reforms" in public institutions create an ever-increasing demand for emotional performance. Neoliberals often refer…

  16. Negotiating Neoliberal Multiculturalism: Mapuche Workers in the Chilean State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Yun-Joo; Richards, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    A central component of neoliberal multiculturalism in contemporary Latin America is an increase in indigenous individuals who work for the state, implementing indigenous policy at the municipal, regional and national levels. We explore the consequences of the inclusion of these individuals by analyzing the experiences of Mapuche state workers in…

  17. Space and Language Learning under the Neoliberal Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shaung; Park, Joseph Sung-Yul

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberalism, as an ideology that valorizes and institutionalizes market-based freedom and individual entrepreneurship, derives from the logic of highly advanced capitalism, and thus must be understood in relation to the material conditions of our capitalist economy. One such material condition is space. However, the intersection of space and…

  18. The Artful Dodger: Creative Resistance to Neoliberalism in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    This article explores contemporary forms of creative practices and their survival under siege from what Stuart Hall (2011) describes as the neoliberal revolution, in the context of the tightly policed education system in the United Kingdom. The fragility and importance of the democratic struggle is discussed with reference to Chantal Mouffe's work…

  19. Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sattler, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

  20. Does Entrepreneurial Education Trigger More or Less Neoliberalism in Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lackéus, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: An emerging scholarly critique has claimed that entrepreneurial education triggers more neoliberalism in education, leading to increased inequality, neglect of civic values and an unjust blame of poor citizens for their misfortunes. The purpose of this paper is to develop a deeper understanding of this potentially problematic relationship…

  1. Neoliberalism, Social Darwinism, and Consumerism Masquerading as School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2013-01-01

    Education reform policies harvested from neoliberalism, social Darwinism, consumerism, and free-market ideologies have begun to replace the pragmatic progressivism of the pre-World War II era. In this article, I use three federal and state education reform policies and programs--No Child Left Behind Act, Common Core State Standards Initiative, and…

  2. World Bank Education Policy: Do the Neoliberal Critiques Still Apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oise, Francine Menashy

    2007-01-01

    Throughout much of the 1990s, the overriding critique of the World Bank was placed on its neoliberal mandate, reflected in its various education measures. However, recently the Bank seems to have taken a notable shift away from this ideological stance in its rhetoric and initiatives. This paper attempts to ascertain the degree to which the…

  3. Insubordinate Spaces for Intemperate Times: Countering the Pedagogies of Neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlinson, Barbara; Lipsitz, George

    2013-01-01

    Henry A. Giroux argues that countering the disasters of neoliberalism requires facing "the challenge of developing a politics and pedagogy that can serve and actualize a democratic notion of the social" (2011). The authors suggest that Immanuel Wallerstein's notion of "middle-run" temporality (2008) and Stuart Hall's discussion of "middle-level"…

  4. Critical Exposure of Successes of Neoliberal Reforms: The 'Renown ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hence, the paper answers why neoliberal reforms are unduly said to have produced a sustainable market economy in Chile but not in other countries. This is accomplished through the analytic questioning of the nature of the prevailing regime, relations among the different groups in society and state and society.

  5. Charter Schools, Market Capitalism, and Obama's Neo-Liberal Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, Richard; Christianakis, Mary

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes President Obama's education policies as they relate to charter schools. The authors first show how his policies continue previous neoconservative and neoliberal educational initiatives that marketize schooling. Arne Duncan's role in charter schools, both in his capacity as former CEO of Chicago Public Schools, and in his…

  6. 'For a reclamation of our humanity': Neoliberalism and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, when thinking about decolonization and structural violence in general, I would further argue that cognizance needs to be taken of how gender and decolonization mainstreaming may become co-opted by neoliberal ideology to become commodified. Here the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari can ...

  7. Pentecostalism and Neo-Liberal Capitalism: Faith, Prosperity and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PCCs) in Africa, this article addresses the apparent consonance between the rise of this type of Christianity and the spread of neo-liberal capitalism. It is argued that Max Weber's Protestant Ethic can serve as a source of inspiration for grasping ...

  8. "Strengthening" Ontario Universities: A Neoliberal Reconstruction of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigas, Bob; Kuchapski, Renée

    2016-01-01

    This paper reviews neoliberalism as an ideology that has influenced higher education generally and Ontario higher education in particular. It includes a discourse analysis of "Strengthening Ontario's Centres of Creativity, Innovation and Knowledge" (Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges, and Universities, 2012), a government discussion…

  9. Work-Ready Testing: Education and Employability in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakes, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Work-ready is used to measure employability levels among the working classes. This is the neoliberal era of human capital accounting, and global business pins its profits and losses on worker knowledge and job skills. Employers do not believe that school-based curriculums are capable of properly preparing future workers; and the paper diploma is…

  10. Neoliberal Education and Student Movements in Chile: Inequalities and Malaise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabalin, Cristian

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the major consequences of the neoliberal education system implemented in Chile during the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet and how two important student movements contested this structure. In 2006 and 2011, thousands of students filled the streets to demand better public education, more social justice and equal opportunities.…

  11. English, Tracking, and Neoliberalization of Education in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byean, Hyera

    2015-01-01

    Drawing upon the experiences and dilemmas of the author, a middle school English teacher in South Korea, this article illuminates the ways in which neoliberal reforms in education intersect with English, and how such links have entailed the class-based polarization of education in Korean society. Given the prominent role that English plays in…

  12. Educational Development for Responsible Graduate Students in the Neoliberal University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Kloet, Marie; Aspenlieder, Erin

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we examine how our work in educational development, specifically in graduate student training, enacts the logic of neoliberalism in higher education in Canada. We approach this examination through a collaborative autoethnographic consideration of and reflection on our practices and experiences as educational developers, the design…

  13. The Rise and Fall of the Neo-Liberal University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Bronwyn; Gottsche, Michael; Bansel, Peter

    2006-01-01

    The rise of neo-liberal universities over the last 15-20 years has been characterised as an inevitable effect both of globalisation and the associated dominance of capital. In this article we will analyse that rise, seeking to understand how it has come about and its impact on intellectual work. In the final pages of the article we turn towards…

  14. Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Creative Educational Destruction in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Michael K.; Yang, Wan-Lin

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors argue that educational technology is chiefly and increasingly being used as a tool for the privatization of education and the commodification of people by way of top down evaluative structures put in place by governments in collusion with neoliberal interests. This analysis began as a study that sought to illuminate…

  15. Competition, the Global Crisis, and Alternatives to Neoliberal Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wigger, Angela; Buch-Hansen, Hubert

    2013-01-01

    an explanatory critique of capitalist competition and the atomistic and reductionist social scientific precepts that serve to legitimize the neoliberal type of competition regulation. By critically engaging with principles and values central to anarchism, such as equity, solidarity, cooperation, mutual aid...

  16. Towards a Post-Neoliberal University: Protest and Complicity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuidhof, P.W.

    2015-01-01

    It is probably fair to say that the recent protests at the University of Amsterdam, and the many other protests that are taking place at universities worldwide, are best interpreted as a revolt against the creeping neoliberalization of academia. The call of students and faculty for a New University

  17. Authority, the Autonomy of the University, and Neoliberal Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodelja, Zdenko

    2013-01-01

    Zdenko Kodelja's purpose in this essay is not to give a comprehensive explanation of the impact of neoliberal ideas and politics on authority (in all of its forms) of universities and their professors. His aims are much more modest: to sketch a theoretical framework for better understanding what the essence of authority is; to show that the…

  18. Anthropology for whom? Engaging students in the neoliberal academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaro Stacul

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes students’ engagement in the neoliberal academy. It points to a paradox: while academic institutions set out to produce engaged and motivated students and instil in them a quest for knowledge, their increasingly high tuition fees are creating instead a disengaged student population whose main goal is to pay off accumulated debts.

  19. Bicycle urbanism as competitive advantage in the neoliberal age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Mikkel Elkær; Olesen, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    policies are translated into the City of Portland. The study finds that strong neoliberal rationales such as competitiveness, costeffectiveness, and value for money are pivotal in Portland’s legitimization of spending on bicycle promotion, with sustainability and equity concerns being comparatively...

  20. Sustainability Science and Education in the Neoliberal Ecoprison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    As part of the general "greening" of prisons in the last decade of neoliberalization and the formation of institutionalized programs to provide science and environmental education opportunities for the incarcerated, the Sustainability in Prisons Project (SPP), a partnership between Evergreen State College and the Washington State…

  1. Localising Neoliberalism: Indigenist Brokerage in the New Zealand University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rata, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    The examination of indigenist interests in the New Zealand university is framed by a theoretical understanding of indigeneity as a strategy in regulating social organisation and resource management in neoliberal global capitalism. Three stages of the brokerage of indigenist interests are identified. These are: the production and representation of…

  2. Helosis (Balanophoraceae en Argentina Helosis (Balanophoraceae in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Fontana

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez para Argentina Helosis cayennensis (Swartz Sprengel var. cayennensis en base a colecciones hechas por los autores en la Isla argentina de Apipé Grande, Ituzaingó, provincia de Corrientes. Se describe e ilustra la especie, el desarrollo de la planta y su estado de conservación. Esta cita de Helosis corresponde a un género nuevo para la flora argentina.Helosis cayennensis var. cayennensis is reported for the first time for Argentina. The species is described and ilustrated. Developement and ecology are also given. Helosis is also a new generic record for Argentina.

  3. Down the Neoliberal Path: The Rise of Free Choice Feminism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankica Čakardić

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The free choice ideology dictates that any time a woman makes a choice it is an act of feminism. The idea that personal choice presupposes the faraway horizons of freedom and its guarantee, as well as the undoubted potentials of women’s empowerment, makes up the central position of the critique in this essay. Our text is divided into two parts. In the first part of the paper we are going to outline the basic assumptions of neoliberalism, in order to use them as foundations for the argument about its feminist affirmation. We will illustrate the relationship between neoliberalism and feminism by using the example of women's entrepreneurship, which is usually interpreted as a strategy of undeniable emancipation. In the second part of the essay, as a concrete response to ‘neoliberal feminism’, we are going to point to the progressive potential of social reproduction theory and socialist-feminist practice to be further developed out of it. Given the intention of this text is not to exhibit a detailed historical-comparative analysis of feminism, we are merely going to use concrete examples to illustrate the link between feminism and neoliberalism, and to map the shift from early second-wave feminism to identity politics and the cultural turn that swallows up the critique of political economy.   Article received: June 2, 2017; Article accepted: June 16, 2017; Published online: October 15, 2017; Original scholarly paper How to cite this article: Čakardić, Ankica. "Down the Neoliberal Path: The Rise of Free Choice Feminism." AM Journal of Art and Media Studies 14 (2017: 33-44. doi: 10.25038/am.v0i14.215

  4. Biografia em história ambiental: consolidando a virada cultural Biography in environmental history: consolidating the cultural turn Biografía en história ambiental: consolidando el viraje cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Brannstrom

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available PortuguêsA literatura recente promove a ideia de que a história ambiental poderia consolidar a sua “virada cultural” (White 2004, centrando-se sobre indivíduos que foram significativos nas interações entre o homem e o ambiente. Sugere-se uma abordagem baseada na noção de biografia de Margadant, e são observadas as publicações mais recentes na história ambiental utilizando uma abordagem biográfica.EnglishRecent literature promotes the idea that environmental history could consolidate its “cultural turn” (White 2004 by focusing on individuals who were significant in human-environment interactions. An approach based on Margadant’s notion of biography is suggested, and recent papers in environmental history using a biographical approach are noted.EspañolLa literatura reciente promueve la idea de que la historia ambiental podría consolidar su “viraje cultural” (White 2004, centrándose sobre individuos que fueron significativos en las interacciones entre el hombre y el ambiente. Se sugiere un abordaje basado en la noción de biografía de Margadant, y son observadas las publicaciones más recientes en la historia ambiental utilizando un abordaje biográfico.

  5. Neoliberal Ideology and Democratic Learning. A Response to "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyslop-Margison, Emery James; Ramirez, Andres

    2016-01-01

    In "Challenging Freedom: Neoliberalism and the Erosion of Democratic Education," the author suggests that the presumed decline of democratic learning in public schooling follows from two primary forces: (a) the metaphysical implications of Cartesian psychophysical dualism that support an ontological understanding of the self as distinct…

  6. Neoliberalism, "globalization," unemployment, inequalities, and the welfare state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, V

    1998-01-01

    This analysis of "neoliberalism" and its economic and social consequences is presented in six sections. Section I begins by describing the impact of neoliberal public policies on economic growth and inflation, on business profits and business investments, on productivity, on business credit, on unemployment and social inequalities, on social expenditures, and on poverty and family debt. The author shows that, except in the area of business profits and control of inflation, neoliberal policies have not proved superior to those they replaced. Section II deals with unemployment and social polarization in the developed capitalist countries. The author criticizes some of the theories put forward to explain these social problems, such as the introduction of new technologies and globalization of the economy, and suggests that a primary reason for these problems is the implementation of neoliberal policies. Section III challenges the widely held neoliberal perception that the U.S. economy is highly efficient and the E.U. economies are "sclerotic" due to their "excessive" welfare states and "rigid" labor markets. The author shows that the U.S. economy is not so dynamic, nor the E.U. economies so sclerotic. Some developed countries with greater social protection and more regulated labor markets are shown to be more successful than the United States in producing jobs and lowering unemployment. The reasons for the growing polarization in developed capitalist countries, rooted in political rather than economic causes, are discussed in section IV--especially the enormous power of the financial markets and their influence on international agencies and national governments, and the weakness of the labor movements, both nationally and internationally. Section V questions the major theses of globalization. The author shows that rather than globalization of commerce and investments, we are witnessing a regionalization of economic relations stimulated by political considerations. He

  7. World-Ecology and Ireland: The Neoliberal Ecological Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharae Deckard

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the collapse of the Celtic Tiger, the socio-economic particularity of neoliberal capitalism in its Irish manifestation has increasingly been critiqued, but little attention has been paid to neoliberalism as ecology within Ireland. This article conducts an exploratory survey of the characteristics of the Irish neoliberal ecological regime during and after the Celtic Tiger, identifying the opening of new commodity frontiers (such as fracking, water, agro-biotechnology, and biopharma constituted in the neoliberal drive to appropriate and financialize nature. I argue for the usefulness of applying not only the tools of world-systems analysis, but also Jason W. Moore’s world-ecological paradigm, to analysis of Ireland as a semi-periphery. What is crucial to a macro-ecological understanding of Ireland’s role in the neoliberal regime of the world-ecology is the inextricability of its financial role as a tax haven and secrecy jurisdiction zone from its environmental function as a semi-peripheral pollution and water haven. We can adapt Jason W. Moore’s slogan that “Wall Street…becomes a way of organizing all of nature, characterized by the financialization of any income-generating activity” (Moore 2011b: 39 to say that to say that the “IFSC is a way of organizing nature,” with pernicious consequences for water, energy, and food systems in Ireland. Financial service centers and pharmaceutical factories, plantations and cattle ranches, tax havens and pollution havens, empires and common markets are all forms of environment-making that constellate human relations and extra-human processes into new ecological regimes. More expansive, dialectical understandings of “ecology” as comprising the whole of socio-ecological relations within the capitalist world-ecology—from farming to pharma to financialization—are crucial to forming configurations of knowledge able not only to take account of Ireland’s role in the environmental

  8. IDRC in Argentina

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    improve their computer skills. The research has created the conditions for future economic activity and jobs, espe- cially for youth in rural communities. Research ... researchers took up key leadership posts, including foreign affairs, international cooperation, and planning. Urban gardens. Argentina's economic crisis of 2000-.

  9. Mathematics Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varsavsky, Cristina; Anaya, Marta

    2009-01-01

    This article gives an overview of the state of mathematics education in Argentina across all levels, in the regional and world contexts. Statistics are drawn from Mercosur and UNESCO data bases, World Education Indicators and various national time-series government reports. Mathematics results in national testing programmes, Programme for…

  10. Gifted Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irueste, Paula

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we review the advancement of gifted education in Argentina which has been scarce and discontinuous, particularly, in the public sphere. About the primary conception of giftedness and/or talent, we mention the obsolete struggle between those who only consider a high intellectual coefficient (IQ) versus a more comprehensive…

  11. Tidal power in Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aisiks, E.G.

    1993-03-01

    This presentation describes the tidal power potential of Argentina and the current status of its utilization. The topics of the presentation include tidal power potential, electric production of the region and the Argentine share of production and consumption, conventional hydroelectric potential, economic feasibility of tidal power production, and the general design and feasibility of a tidal power plant planned for the San Jose Gulf.

  12. NEOLIBERALISM AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN IRAN: A CRITICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hasan Mirzamohammadi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Present research aims to explore the effects of Neoliberalism on higher education based on the Henry Giroux's artistic view points and to examine the process of commercialization and privatization of higher education in Iran, from the same perspective. Giroux considers market-oriented reforms in higher education as a part of the hegemony of Neoliberalism, which seeks to realize the competitive homo economicus, as the ideal man, through using the new techniques of governmentality. Today market-oriented reforms in higher education are prevalent throughout the world. But what is currently in progress as privatization and commercialization in the higher education of Iran is a pale copy of Neoliberalism’s logic which is to justify the profit-oriented view of the knowledge and university. Market-oriented reforms of this type are not compatible with Islamic educational goals and will do much harm to Iranian higher education and will have negative impacts on Iranian universities.

  13. Social democracy and social policy in neoliberal times.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeming, Christopher

    2014-12-01

    This article considers the path of social policy and democracy in Australia and the latest set of welfare reforms under Labor. The reforms can be seen to mark a reaction to the excesses of neoliberal government on the one hand, but they also represent continuity in neoliberal thought and policy on the other. As we shall see, engrained ideas about individualist wage-earning welfare, that were established during the formative years of the 20th century, continue to shape, if not constrain collectivist solutions to some of the inherent social risks faced by Australian citizens today. In this light, efforts to create a welfare state geared towards meeting the needs of 'hard-working' Australian families appear much sharper.

  14. Social Imaginaries and Egalitarian Practices in the Era of Neoliberalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Maja Hojer

    2018-01-01

    . Housing cooperatives and their role in meeting citizens' right to housing in Denmark are explored as an instance of welfare institutions that transgress the conceptual boundaries between state, market and civil society, but that have recently been challenged by neoliberal housing policies.......How is social equality created, enacted and reproduced in practice in local welfare institutions in the Nordic countries that claim to hold equality and egalitarianism as central political and social values? How are these practices linked to social imaginaries of an egalitarian society? And how...... does an increasing neoliberalization within the last fifteen years affect such egalitarian practices and social imaginaries in concrete social institutions? These overall questions are discussed in this chapter based on ethnographic and historical material from fieldwork in Danish housing cooperatives...

  15. Good Governance dan Formasi Kebijakan Publik Neo-Liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Luhur Prianto

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Sejak kurun waktu beberapa tahun terakhir, diskursus good governance telah menjajah wacana publik dalam reformasi dan demokratisasi di Indonesia. Tulisan ini bermaksud mendekonstruksi diskursus good governance itu sendiri, apa sesungguhnya yang keliru atau bahkan mungkin apa yang latah diucapkan soal good governance. Tulisan ini berusaha untuk menunjukkan masuknya gagasan neo-liberal dalam imajinasi perubahan politik, ekonomi dan sosial yang digelindingkan di masa-masa akhir kepemimpinan Soeharto di awal 1990-an. Sebagaimana akan ditunjukkan dalam tulisan ini, gerakan yang berlabel governance ini justru semakin menjauh dari semangat governance yang sebenarnya. Secara singkat, gerakan good governance di Indonesia justru melenceng dari semangat governance yang mengedepankan akomodasi, kooperasi dan sinegi dalam kesetaraan antar pelaku. Hal ini membawa proses marginalisasi kebijakan ekonomi, sosial, kultural dan juga politik yang sejalan dengan nilai-nilai neo-liberal.

  16. Social democracy and social policy in neoliberal times

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the path of social policy and democracy in Australia and the latest set of welfare reforms under Labor. The reforms can be seen to mark a reaction to the excesses of neoliberal government on the one hand, but they also represent continuity in neoliberal thought and policy on the other. As we shall see, engrained ideas about individualist wage-earning welfare, that were established during the formative years of the 20th century, continue to shape, if not constrain collectivist solutions to some of the inherent social risks faced by Australian citizens today. In this light, efforts to create a welfare state geared towards meeting the needs of ‘hard-working’ Australian families appear much sharper. PMID:25473376

  17. Neo-liberalism, Crisis and the Contradictions of Depoliticisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Burnham

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a political economy analysis of depoliticisation in the context of the crisis of neo-liberalism in Western Europe. Following a discussion of the theoretical foundations of the concept, it emphases that whilst depoliticisation strategies are often associated with neo-liberalism, such strategies have a longer trajectory existing even within Keynesian regimes. The paper then details the many forms taken by depoliticisation within neo-liberal governing regimes focusing on the reorganisation of civil society and the state from the late 1970s to the present primarily with examples from the UK. It suggests, contrary to much popular discussion, that there is a significant degree of continuity in the form of economic manage-ment followed before, during and after the recent financial crisis of 2008/09. Both in terms of ideology and practice, many governments have maintained and even deepened their commitment to depoliticised gov-erning principles. However it seems clear that attempts to depoliticise neo-liberal economic policy have not enabled state managers to avoid the emergence of crisis at the level of the state. Contrary to accounts which argue in simplistic fashion that `economic’ crisis produces `political’ crisis, this paper suggests that crisis is best understood as expressed simultaneously in both economic and political forms. Crisis at the level of the state precipitated in part by the entrenchment of depoliticised governing strategies is not simply the result of economic crisis but is an aspect of that crisis contributing to its depth and apparent insolubility. In this way the paper challenges some critiques of depoliticisation which have suggested (Hay 2014, 303 that the concept is in part both fatalistic and functionalist removing much of the political contingency of the moment of crisis itself.

  18. Personalisation of power, neoliberalism and the production of corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Khair, Amal Hayati; Haniffa, Roszaini; Hudaib, Mohammad; Abd. Karim, Mohamad Nazri

    2015-01-01

    This paper utilises a political lens in considering the cause for the production of corruption and the role of political leadership. Specifically, the notion of personalisation of power as advocated by Slater (2003) is adopted to portray how the adoption of neoliberalism ideology by an aspiring autocratic leader results in the weakening of the infrastructural power through three strategies: packing, rigging and circumventing. We use Perwaja Steel as a case study to demonstrate the modus opera...

  19. "Successful aging," gerontological theory and neoliberalism: a qualitative critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinstein, Robert L; de Medeiros, Kate

    2015-02-01

    This article is a critique of the successful aging (SA) paradigm as described in the Rowe and Kahn book, Successful Aging (1998). The major point of this article is that two key ideas in the book may be understood as consonant with neoliberalism, a social perspective that came into international prominence at the same time the SA paradigm was initially promoted. These two key ideas are (a) the emphasis on individual social action applied to the nature of the aging experience and (b) the failure to provide a detailed policy agenda for the social and cultural change being promoted and, particularly, for older adults who may be left behind by the approach to change the book suggests. The article provides no evidence for a direct connection between SA and neoliberalism, but rather shows how similarities in their approaches to social change characterize both of them. In sum, the article shows (a) how the implicit social theory developed in the book, in a manner similar to neoliberalism, elevates the individual as the main source of any changes that must accompany the SA paradigm and (b) the focus on SA as individual action does not provide for those older adults who do not or will not age "successfully." This, we conclude, implicitly sets up a two-class system of older adults, which may not be an optimal means of addressing the needs of all older adults. The article also reviews a number of studies about SA and shows how these, too, may emphasize its similarities to neoliberalism and other issues that the SA paradigm does not adequately address. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Paving (through) Amazonia: Neoliberal Urbanism and the Reperipheralization of Roraima

    OpenAIRE

    Kanai, J.M.; da Silva Oliveira, R.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the neoliberal reshaping of infrastructure provision in Brazil’s extreme north since the mid-1990s, when roadway investments resulted in unprecedented regional connectivity. The BR-174 upgrade, the era’s most important project, marked a transition from resource-based developmentalism to free-market transnationalism. Primarily concerned with urban competitiveness, the federal government funded the trunk roadway’s paving to facilitate manufacturing exports from Manaus. While...

  1. Social Psychology, Consumer Culture and Neoliberal Political Economy

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, M.; Gough, B; Wearing, S.; Deville, A.

    2017-01-01

    © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Consumer culture and neoliberal political economy are often viewed by social psychologists as topics reserved for anthropologists, economists, political scientists and sociologists. This paper takes an alternative view arguing that social psychology needs to better understand these two intertwined institutions as they can both challenge and provide a number of important insights into social psychological theories of self-identity and their related concepts. These...

  2. NGSS, disposability, and the ambivalence of science in/under neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Matthew

    2017-12-01

    This paper explores the ambivalence of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and its Framework towards neoliberal governance. The paper examines the ways that the NGSS serves as a mechanism within neoliberal governance: in its production of disposable populations through testing and through the infusion of engineering throughout the NGSS to resolve social problems through technical fixes. However, the NGSS, like earlier standards, is reactionary to forces diminishing the power of institutional science (e.g., the AAAS) including neoliberal prioritizing market value over evidence. The NGSS explicitly takes on neoliberal junk science such as the anti-global-warming Heartland Institute.

  3. Three decades of neoliberalism in Mexico: the destruction of society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurell, Asa Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberalism has been implemented in Latin America for about three decades. This article reviews Mexico's neoliberal trajectory to illustrate the political, economic, and social alterations that have resulted from this process. It finds that representative democracy has been perverted through fear, putting central political decisions in the hands of power groups with special interests. The border between the state of law and the state of exception is blurred. Economic structural adjustment with liberalization and privatization has provoked recurrent crisis, but has been maintained, leading to the destruction of the national productive structure in favor of supranational corporations, particularly financial capital. The association between criminal economy and economic criminality is also discussed. The privatization of social benefits and services requires state subsidies and allows the privatization of profits and the socialization of losses. The social impact of this process has been devastating, with a polarized income distribution, falling wages, increased precarious jobs, rising inequality, and extreme violence. Health conditions have also deteriorated and disorders associated with violence, chronic stress, and a changing nutritional culture have become dominating. However, in Latin America, massive, organized political and social mobilization has broken the vicious neoliberal circle and elected progressive governments that are struggling to reverse social and economic devastation. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions:]br]sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  4. Among wells and irrigation ditches. Transformations in the uses of water and soil in the Famatina Valley (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Palmisano

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The instauration of the neoliberal paradigm in the argentine country from the 1970 decade deeply affected the agroindustrial productions. In this context, we will reconstruct the changes in the agrarian structure in the Famatina Valley, in La Rioja province (Argentina, emphasizing the appearance of new actors that can concentrate land and water with the benefits of some public policy. On the other hand, we will point out the small and medium productions underlining how they manage their water resources. The methodological strategy of this paper combines the analysis of statistical sources as well as interviews.

  5. Among wells and irrigation ditches :: Transformations in the uses of water and soil in the Famatina Valley (Argentina)

    OpenAIRE

    Palmisano, Tomás

    2016-01-01

    La instauración del paradigma neoliberal en el campo argentino desde la década de 1970 afectó profundamente a las producciones agroindustriales. En dicho contexto, reconstruiremos los cambios en la estructura agraria del Valle del Famatina en la provincia de La Rioja (Argentina) haciendo hincapié en la aparición de nuevos actores, que beneficiados por ciertas políticas públicas, pudieron concentrar tierra y agua. En contraste, caracterizaremos las pequeñas y medianas producciones enfatizando ...

  6. La creación de los consumidores en la última dictadura argentina The creation of consumers in the last Argentine dictatorship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Fridman

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo examina el discurso neoliberal de las autoridades económicas y la política hacia los consumidores durante la última dictadura argentina. Aun cuando economistas liberales y militares tenían importantes diferencias, la preocupación común por combatir lo que consideraban distorsiones en la política y economía y procurar un orden duradero sirvió para traducir sus diferencias. La política hacia los consumidores buscó construir el homo economicus y hacer que las conductas económicas de los argentinos se parecieran más a la teoría monetarista. El artículo finaliza con una evaluación de los posibles efectos del proceso analizado.The article analyzes the economic authorities, neoliberal discourse and consumer policy during the last military dictatorship in Argentina. Although neoliberal economists and the military differed in several aspects, the common concern for correcting what they saw as distortions in politics and the economy and establishing a durable order helped translating their differences. Consumer policies attempted to construct the homo economicus and make economic behavior more similar to monetarist theory. The article ends with an assessment of the possible effects of the process.

  7. El IDRC en Argentina

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    las políticas de ciencia y tecnología. □ Adquisiciones gubernamentales más eficientes. Financiamiento: CA$1 673 800. Duración: 2009–2013. Beneficiario: Universidad Nacional de. San Martín, Argentina. En América Latina y el Caribe, las compras gubernamentales tienen un fuerte impacto económico, sobre todo en las ...

  8. de la sociedad argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Galeano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre un período de la historia argentina en el cual la "mirada médica", a través de un grupo de prestigiosos intelectuales, se convirtió en una clave de interpretación de la sociedad argentina. El análisis gira en torno a la obra de uno de los médicos higienistas más influyentes, José María Ramos Mejía, deteniéndose especialmente en su libro más famoso: Las multitudes argentinas (1899. La hipótesis principal que recorre el texto es la siguiente: la medicalización de la sociedad, acentuada luego de las epidemias de cólera y fiebre amarilla de mediados del siglo XIX, ofreció a las elites públicas la posibilidad de construir dominios legítimos de intervención estatal. Intromisiones del Estado en la vida privada que, además de ser algo resistidas por la población, entraban en tensión con los principios teóricos del liberalismo que los propios miembros de la elite defendían.

  9. What is Social Sciences and Humanities Research "Worth,"? Neoliberalism and the Framing of Social Sciences and Humanities Work in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson-Harden, Adam

    2013-01-01

    This article offers a critique of the discursive politics represented in attempts to frame social sciences and humanities work in the mould of neoliberal knowledge capitalism. The critique offered is inspired by Foucault's critical thought on neoliberalism and an interpretation of "neoliberal governmentality" that flows from his College…

  10. Neoliberalism and Illusion: The Importance of Preparing Students to Live in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzner, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    While this paper discusses the history of neoliberalism with emphasis on the role of the United States, it also addresses the challenges neoliberalism poses for individuals. Additionally, the paper discusses the failure of school curriculum to prepare youth in the United States for growing economic uncertainty, as well as media's role in hindering…

  11. Sleepless in Seoul: Neoliberalism, English Fever, and Linguistic Insecurity among Korean Interpreters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Jinhyun

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the socially constructed nature of significant linguistic insecurity with regard to the English language in Korean society as informed by neoliberalism. It specifically explores how linguistic insecurity leads to the pursuit of linguistic perfectionism under the popular discourse of neoliberal personhood. Participants are…

  12. "Do We Have to Call It That?" the Response of Neoliberal Multiculturalism to College Antiracism Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, Alissa; Ngo, Bic

    2017-01-01

    The authors discuss the ways in which neoliberal multiculturalism influences the reception and implementation of antiracist initiatives on college campuses. They suggest the intersections of neoliberalism and racism produce a resistance to antiracist efforts and desire for softened multicultural approaches that maintain the status quo. Since the…

  13. From Collusion to Collective Compassion: Putting "Heart" Back into the Neoliberal University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutch, Carol; Tatebe, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    As neoliberal ideology has come to dominate higher education, the roles and relationships of managers, academics and students have changed radically. This article outlines ways in which neoliberalism and its companion ideology, neoconservatism, have impacted on higher education through a move to individualism, managerialism, measurement and…

  14. Neoliberalism, Audit Culture, and Teachers: Empowering Goal Setting within Audit Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinehart, Robert E.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, I discuss the concepts of neoliberalism and audit culture, and how they affect teaching culture. Moreover, I propose a form of goal setting that, if used properly, will hopefully work to combat some of the more onerous aspects of neoliberalism and audit clture in education.

  15. The Neoliberal/ising University at the Intersection of Gender and Place

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nyklová, Blanka; Riegraf, B.; Aavik, K.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 1 (2017), s. 2-8 ISSN 2570-6578 Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : neoliberal university * geopolitics * neoliberalism Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography http://www.genderonline.cz/cs/issue/42-rocnik-18-cislo-1-2017-gender-na-neoliberalni-univerzite-transnacionalni-procesy-a-jejich-lokalni-dopady/519

  16. Neoliberal Education? Comparing "Character" and Citizenship Education in Singapore and "Civics" and Citizenship Education in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neoh, Jia Ying

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This paper compares citizenship education in Singapore and Australia. While discussions have been made about education and neoliberalism, few have explored the direct connections between citizenship education and neoliberalism. Approach: Though a discussion of country contexts, citizenship education policies and curriculum,…

  17. Is There Life beyond Neoliberalism? Critical Socio-Educational Alternatives for Civic Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Rodríguez, Francisco Miguel; Fernández-Herrería, Alfonso

    2017-01-01

    How far does the neoliberal system pervade social and educational fields in its attempt to colonise the world of life? Neoliberalism is increasingly penetrating every aspect of human existence. From this context, this paper presents a set of alternative socio-educational experiences which are subtly constructing new latent revolutionary…

  18. Contesting the City: Neoliberal Urbanism and the Cultural Politics of Education Reform in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the intertwining of neoliberal urbanism and education policy in Chicago. Drawing on critical studies in geography, urban sociology and anthropology, education policy, and critical analyses of race, the author argues that education is constitutive of material and ideological processes of neoliberal restructuring, its…

  19. "Bildung" and Educational Action Research: Resources for Hope in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Ian; Salo, Petri; Rönnerman, Karin

    2015-01-01

    This paper draws upon empirical research to provide insights into current teacher learning practices under broader neoliberal conditions, and how the latter might be resisted. The paper contrasts neoliberal approaches to teachers' learning with the Nordic tradition of educational action research and "Bildung" as alternative resources to…

  20. Neoliberal Ideology, Global Capitalism, and Science Education: Engaging the Question of Subjectivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzul, Jesse

    2012-01-01

    This paper attempts to add to the multifaceted discussion concerning neoliberalism and globalization out of two Cultural Studies of Science Education journal issues along with the recent Journal of Research in Science Teaching devoted to these topics. However, confronting the phenomena of globalization and neoliberalism will demand greater…

  1. Conspirators in a Neo-Liberal Agenda? Adult Educators in Second-Chance Private Training Establishments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Judith

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a qualitative study that explored the impact of neo-liberal policy and ideology on educators and directors working in second-chance Private Training Establishments (PTEs) which were created at the height of the neo-liberal reforms in New Zealand. By examining the experiences of 14 educators and directors in four…

  2. Free to Manage? A Neo-Liberal Defence of Academic Freedom in British Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Much of the rhetoric opposing managerialism in higher education can be ascribed to philosophical and political objections to the neo-liberal ideology which is alleged to underlie the phenomenon. This paper approaches managerialism from a different direction, addressing it within a neo-liberal framework. The paper argues that there is no intrinsic…

  3. Neoliberalism in Historical Light: How Business Models Displaced Science Education Goals in Two Eras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Kathryn N.

    2016-01-01

    Although a growing body of work addresses the current role of neoliberalism in displacing democratic equality as a goal of public education, attempts to parse such impacts rarely draw from historical accounts. At least one tenet of neoliberalism--the application of business models to public institutions--was also pervasive at the turn of the 20th…

  4. Neoliberal Moral Economy: Capitalism, Socio-cultural Change and Fraud in Uganda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ponte, Stefano

    2017-01-01

    Book review of: Neoliberal Moral Economy: Capitalism, Socio-Cultural Change & Fraud in Uganda by Jörg Wiegratz. London and New York, Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 375 pp. ISBN 9781783488537.......Book review of: Neoliberal Moral Economy: Capitalism, Socio-Cultural Change & Fraud in Uganda by Jörg Wiegratz. London and New York, Rowman & Littlefield, 2016, 375 pp. ISBN 9781783488537....

  5. Media Spectacle, Insurrection and the Crisis of Neoliberalism from the Arab Uprisings to Occupy Everywhere!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellner, Douglas

    2013-01-01

    I argue that 2011 witnessed a series of challenges to neoliberalism on a global scale perhaps not seen since the political upheavals of 1968, and that media spectacle provided the form of a series of global insurgences from the North African Arab Uprisings to the Occupy movements. Crises of neoliberalism also generated movements in Italy, Spain,…

  6. Anarchist, Neoliberal, & Democratic Decision-Making: Deepening the Joy in Learning and Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briscoe, Felecia M.

    2012-01-01

    Using a critical postmodern framework, this article analyzes the relationship of the decision-making processes of anarchism and neoliberalism to that of deep democracy. Anarchist processes are found to share common core principals with deep democracy; but neoliberal processes are found to be antithetical to deep democracy. To increase the joy in…

  7. Neoliberalism, New Public Management and the Sustainable Development Agenda of Higher Education: History, Contradictions and Synergies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bessant, Sophie E. F.; Robinson, Zoe P.; Ormerod, R. Mark

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the ideological and the practical relationship between neoliberalism and New Public Management (NPM) and the sustainable development agenda of western higher education. Using the United Kingdom and specifically English universities as an example, it investigates the contradictions and the synergies between neoliberal and NPM…

  8. Conceptualising the Epistemic Dimension of Academic Identity in an Age of Neo-Liberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Raoul J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the epistemic dimension of neoliberalism in the context of higher education. Much critical commentary depicts neoliberalism negatively in terms of knowledge commodification, marketisation, productivity agendas, accountability regimes, bureaucratisation, economic rationalism and micro-managerialism. The paper offers a conceptual…

  9. Negotiating Tensions: Grassroots Organizing, School Reform, and the Paradox of Neoliberal Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nygreen, Kysa

    2017-01-01

    Drawing from ethnographic fieldwork at a community-based organization (CBO) engaged in parent organizing for urban school reform, this paper examines how organizers engaged with the imperatives of neoliberal reform and the broader neoliberal policy context. It highlights organizers' agency but also shows how hegemonic discourse constrained their…

  10. "Weg Da-Wir Wollen Lernen!" Education Reform in Hamburg, Germany in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bale, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    Background/Context: This paper is in dialogue with critical policy scholarship that has developed a certain consensus about what neoliberalism is and what its impact has been on recent education policy. A substantial part of the paper comprises a synthesis of recent German scholarship on neoliberal education policies in that country.…

  11. Homo Economicus at School: Neoliberal Education and Teacher as Economic Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attick, Dennis

    2017-01-01

    This article extends the ongoing critique of neoliberalism's encroachment upon public education by highlighting how neoliberal ideas such individualism, accountability, governmentality, and the marketization of public life are recasting teachers today primarily as competitive economic beings. I contend that teachers are increasingly compelled to…

  12. The Responsibilisation of Teachers: A Neoliberal Solution to the Problem of Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Done, Elizabeth J.; Murphy, Mike

    2018-01-01

    This paper critically examines competing demands placed on teachers, with reference to recent inclusion policy in England and Australia. The authors draw on Michael Foucault's analysis of power, neoliberalism(s) and biopolitics to explore the ways in which teachers are "responsibilised" into negotiating and fulfilling demands related to…

  13. Pedagogy of the Consumer: The Politics of Neo-Liberal Welfare Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Situated against the backdrop of a widespread and growing interest in the linkages between neo-liberalism and welfare, this paper introduces the lens of neo-liberalism as a conceptual strategy for thinking about contemporary issues in education policy. Through charting the historic rise of unfettered market institutions and practices in the…

  14. NGSS, Disposability, and the Ambivalence of Science in/under Neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Matthew

    2017-01-01

    This paper explores the ambivalence of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and its Framework towards neoliberal governance. The paper examines the ways that the NGSS serves as a mechanism within neoliberal governance: in its production of disposable populations through testing and through the infusion of engineering throughout the NGSS to…

  15. Neoliberal drivers in hybrid civil society organizations: Critical readings of civicness and social entrepreneurism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Linda Lundgaard

    2017-01-01

    of practices that facilitates from a distance. In this way, neoliberalism deeply influ-ences the everyday lives of both professionals and individuals. I identify two themes, which represent significant neoliberal organizing principles and, drawing upon one illustrative single case, I provide insight...

  16. El acceso abierto en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    De-Volder, Carolina

    2012-01-01

    The main objectives of this paper are: 1) Establish the concept of open access to scientific production, the means to achieve its objectives and benefits, 2) present some background research on the subject in Argentina, 3) List some initiatives and policies being undertaken in the country, 4) describe the production of Argentina in the E-LIS repository theme.

  17. (MOthering: Feminist Motherhood, Neoliberal Discourses and the Other’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Leite

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Feminist theory often gravitates around the rejection and recuperation of motherhood. The recuperation of feminist motherhood demonstrates the importance of understanding the duality between feminist motherhood and the patriarchal concept of motherhood. Here, I will argue that in recuperating motherhood, feminists and non-feminists alike should also acknowledge the coexisting realities that reject it. I am specifically thinking of feminist non-motherhood but also of feminist notions of pregnancy that reject motherhood. The mother without the maternal bond or even the 'falling out of motherhood after motherhood'. These, I think, as opposed to submissive realities and resistance strategies, represent a move away from patriarchal values and create a social reality that uses something else as a parameter. In order support my argument, I will rely on a case study analysing maternal health policies and strategies, in particular feminist activists' discourses related to maternal mortality in Brazil. The data collected during this fieldwork demonstrates the importance of acknowledging non-motherhood as crucial to radical constructions of feminist motherhood. The article concludes that, sadly, there is not such thing as a post-feminist society in Brazil. The Brazilian case study demonstrates that, in fact, public policies, and the discourses built around them, are still oriented towards a neoliberal re-packaging of patriarchy that partially co-opts feminist motherhood. That is, neoliberalism partially accepts feminist motherhood as a way to reject all other feminist claims. In this sense, it its crucial for feminists and non-feminists alike to acknowledge and accept all concepts of motherhood, positive and negative. That is, it is absolutely necessary to recognise '''the 'other' ' in order not to contribute to further marginalisation of non-motherhood attitudes as promoted by neoliberal policies and discourses.

  18. The neoliberal political economy and erosion of retirement security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polivka, Larry; Luo, Baozhen

    2015-04-01

    The origins and trajectory of the crisis in the United States retirement security system have slowly become part of the discussion about the social, political, and economic impacts of population aging. Private sources of retirement security have weakened significantly since 1980 as employers have converted defined benefits precisions to defined contribution plans. The Center for Retirement Research (CRR) now estimates that over half of boomer generation retirees will not receive 70-80% of their wages while working. This erosion of the private retirement security system will likely increase reliance on the public system, mainly Social Security and Medicare. These programs, however, have increasingly become the targets of critics who claim that they are not financially sustainable in their current form and must be significantly modified. This article will focus on an analysis of these trends in the erosion of the United States retirement security system and their connection to changes in the United States political economy as neoliberal, promarket ideology, and policies (low taxes, reduced spending, and deregulation) have become dominant in the private and public sectors. The neoliberal priority on reducing labor costs and achieving maximum shareholder value has created an environment inimical to maintain the traditional system of pension and health care benefits in both the private and public sectors. This article explores the implications of these neoliberal trends in the United States economy for the future of retirement security. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Housing transformations Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area. The passage from Neo-liberalism to Urban Neo-development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo del Río

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic recovery that followed the 2001/02 crisis in Argentina came with a relevant improvement in a number of social and economic indicators, related among other reasons to the design of public policies aimed at recuperating employment levels and the productive matrix. In this context, the “construction – public works” tandem became a central topic in the agenda, and Real Estate expansion was widely assessed as a positive outcome by macro-economic standards. However, this process was not exempt of contradictions, as can be seen in the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires, where it is possible to observe a set of concurring tendencies resulting from the hybridization of the urban neo-liberalization still present and the recent expansion of urban neo-developmentalism. As a result, the expansion of State-led de-commodification of goods and services aimed at social reproduction, coexists with a persisting process of socially regressive housing space production, together with an intense commodification of existing housing, associated with a growing financializationof “bricks”.

  20. Coaching ontológico y gubernamentalidad neoliberal

    OpenAIRE

    Rayez, Federico; Favorito, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    En este trabajo nos proponemos analizar un pequeño conjunto de documentos sobre “Coaching ontológico” a partir de la perspectiva propuesta por Michel Foucault en el Curso de 1979, Nacimiento de la biopolítica, dictado en el Collège de France. Dado este objetivo, lo que haremos será plantear una relación entre la gubernamentalidad neoliberal, analizada por Foucault tanto en su vertiente alemana (ordoliberalismo) como en su expresión estadounidense (neoliberalismo propiamente dicho), y la técni...

  1. Michel Foucault’s ‘Apology’ for Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell

    2014-01-01

    Lecture delivered at the British Library on the 30th anniversary of the death of Michel Foucault, June 25, 2014. This lecture evaluates the claim made by one of his closest followers, François Ewald, that Foucault offered an apology for neoliberalism, particularly of the American school represented...... by Gary Becker. It draws on exchanges between Ewald and Becker in 2012 and 2013 at the University of Chicago shortly before the latter’s death. It places Foucault in relation to the then emergent Second Left in France, the critique of the welfare state, and, more broadly, the late-twentieth-century social...

  2. Periculosidade ambiental de pesticidas receitados entre as bacias platina e amazônica na virada para o século XXI - doi: 10.5020/18061230.2012.p20

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Rieder

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Revelar a periculosidade ambiental de pesticidas receitados em uma região divisora das Bacias Amazônica e Platina, na virada para o século XXI. Métodos: O estudo utilizou dados de receitas agronômicas expedidas no biênio 1999-2000, em 24 municípios situados em região divisora das Bacias Amazônica e Platina, Mato Grosso, Brasil. Resultados: Os pesticidas mais utilizados na região de estudo são os das classes II (muito perigoso e III (perigoso em número de receitas (N=2.828; 86,8% e quantidade receitada (N=344.765; 90,4%. Na classe III, observou-se uma acentuada inversão nos valores de número de receitas (N=1.274; 39,1% e de quantidade receitada (N=237.319; 62,2%, indicando que houve um menor número de receitas, mas com maior quantidade receitada. As proporções de receitas de produtos nas várias classes de potencial de periculosidade ambiental (Classificação PPA, utilizada no Brasil foram diferentes entre anos (c2=20,814; GL=3; p < 0,01. Os 10 produtos (11 princípios ativos mais receitados foram: glifosato, 2,4-D, sulfluramida, clorimurom etílico, fipronil, diurom, paraquate, metamidofós, carbofurano, clorpirifós e lambda-cialotrina, dentre os quais, sete pertencem às classes de PPA I e II. Conclusões: As proporções de receitas e as quantidades receitadas de pesticidas nas diferentes classes de PPA variam entre os anos agrícolas. Os produtos mais receitados nesta região divisora são os muito perigosos, com variados mecanismos de ação e riscos potenciais aos organismos vivos. Isto sugere a necessidade de definição de políticas específicas e ações cuidadosas para evitar desastres ambientais nesta região.

  3. Social Investment after Neoliberalism: Policy Paradigms and Political Platforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeming, Christopher; Smyth, Paul

    2015-04-01

    The concept of the 'social investment state' refocuses attention on the productive function of social policy eclipsed for some time by the emphasis on its social protection or compensation roles. Here we distinguish between different social investment strategies, the Nordic 'heavy' and the Liberal 'light', with particular reference to the inclusive growth approach adopted in Australia. In 2007, social democrats in Australia returned to government with a clear mandate to reject the labour market deregulation and other neoliberal policies of its predecessor, and to tackle entrenched social and economic disadvantage in Australian society. For the last five years, social investment and inclusive growth has been at the centre of the Australian social policy agenda. Against this background, the article examines and critically assesses the (re)turn to 'social investment' thinking in Australia during Labor's term in office (2007-13). Analysis focuses not just on what was actually achieved, but also on the constraining role of prevailing economic and political circumstances and on the processes that were used to drive social investment reform. In many ways, the article goes some way to exposing ongoing tensions surrounding the distinctiveness of 'social investment' strategies pursued by leftist parties within the (neo)liberal state.

  4. Forjando el Estado Neoliberal: Workfare, Prisonfare e Inseguridad Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Wacquant

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En Castigar a los pobres, mostré que el ascenso del Estado Penal en los Estados Unidos y otras sociedades avanzadas en el último cuarto de siglo es una respuesta a la creciente inseguridad social y no a la inseguridad criminal, que los cambios en la asistencia social y las políticas judiciales están vinculados entre sí, el tan restrictivo workfare y el tan expansivo prisonfare se unen en un artefacto único de organización para la disciplina de las fracciones precarizadas de la clase trabajadora en la era post-industrial, y que un sistema carcelario diligente no es una desviación, sino un elemento constitutivo del Leviatán neoliberal. En este artículo, extraigo las consecuencias teóricas de ese diagnóstico respecto al gobierno emergente de la inseguridad social. Utilizo el concepto de campo burocrático de Bourdieu para revisar la tesis clásica de Piven y Cloward sobre la regulación de la pobreza a través de la asistencia público, y contrastar el modelo de penalización como técnica para la gestión de la marginalidad urbana con la visión de Michel Foucault sobre la sociedad disciplinaria, las consideraciones de David Garlad sobre la cultura del control y la caracterización de David Harvey acerca de la política neoliberal. Contra la concepción estrecha del neoliberalismo como una regla del mercado, se propone una especificación de mayor densidad sociológica que implica prestaciones sociales de supervisión, un estado penal proactivo y el tropo cultural de la responsabilidad individual. Esto sugiere que es necesario teorizar, no respecto a la prisión como una técnica práctica para aplicar la ley, sino como un núcleo cuya capacidad política selectiva y agresiva descargada sobre las regiones inferiores del espacio social viola los ideales de la ciudadanía democrática.In Punishing the Poor, I show that the ascent of the penal state in the United States and other advanced societies over the past quarter-century is a

  5. QUBIC in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, B.; Harari, D.; Etchegoyen, A.; Medina, M. C.; Romero, G. E.; Qubic Collaboration

    2017-10-01

    QUBIC (QU Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology) is an experimental cosmology project to measure the modes in the polarization of the cosmic background radiation (CBR), the fossil relic that reveals the properties at the Universe 380,000 years after the Planck Era. Discovery of the CBR in 1964 and measurement of tiny temperature anisotropies in 1992 were major breakthroughs in our understanding of the Universe. The next challenge is to measure the polarization of the CBR accurately enough to detect modes that would reveal the existence of primordial gravitational waves produced in the first stages of the Planck Era and probe inflation theory, that assumes an accelerated expansion during the first seconds. The mode signal is however extremely weak and its measurement requires complex instruments. The QUBIC collaboration has developed the concept of interferometric bolometry, that brings together the sensitivity of bolometric detectors with the control of systematic effects provided by interferometry. QUBIC is an international collaboration involving several universities and laboratories in France, Italy, United Kingdom and USA. Recently, Argentina has suggested Alto Chorrillo (Salta), as candidate site for the installation of the experiment, next to the LLAMA site. Here we describe the scientific objectives and the main features of the experiment and we detail the process through which the international collaboration decided to install in Argentina its first module as well as the challenges for our country in this project.

  6. The influence of neoliberalism on the development of the English youth justice system under New Labour

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur, Raymond

    2012-01-01

    This chapter examines the way in which neo-liberalism has impacted upon and consequently re-shaped the youth justice system in England and Wales in the period 1997-2010. Neo-liberal conceptions of the role of the state have encouraged the formulation of policies based on principles of social inequality, penal expansionism and on the diminution of welfare concerns. In the neo-liberal context less attention is paid to the social contexts of crime and more on prescriptions of individual/family/c...

  7. Líderes pragmáticos en Argentina: el tema militar a través de los discursos de Menem y Kirchner

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Núñez, María Fernanda

    2016-01-01

    La intención de este trabajo es analizar el discurso militar de dos de los últimos presidentes justicialistas de la Argentina: Carlos Saúl Menem (1989-1999) y Néstor Carlos Kirchner (2003-2007). Ambos pertenecen a alas ideológicamente distantes del justicialismo. Menem dio un giro neoliberal a sus políticas económicas y conservador a sus políticas sociales. En cambio, Kirchner se centralizó en la política de los derechos humanos y la función distributiva del Estado. Se analiza su interpelació...

  8. Los derechos en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Landesman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El discurso oficial argentino, en diferentes tipos de gobierno, ha acuñado una idea fuerza que se resume en: "Argentina es una nación de paz". Su historia violenta, plagada de terrorismo de Estado,y de facciones, las carencias económicas sociales y culturales desmiente esta aseveración. "Los argentinos somos derechos y humanos". Slogans,para encubrir la verdad que fue otra. Sino que lo digan los 30.000 desaparecidos. Periodistas muertos, desaparecidos o exiliados. Las publicaciones periódicas sometidas a control previo de sus contenidos. Sospechosos silencios de organizaciones de derechos humanos. Trata sobre las Madres de Mayo y sus tácticas y el aparente cambio de los medios luego del ascenso al poder del presidente electo Raúl Alfonsín y el juicio a los miembros de la Juntas militares .

  9. Metropolization in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Dagnino Pastore, José María; Canavese, Paula

    1996-01-01

    A partir de la regla de "orden-magnitud" el trabajo formula el concepto de "metropolización" (Smger) y explicita su relación con el índice de urbanización usual. Rastrea la evolución de la metropolización en Argentina a través de sus ocho censos, tanto para el conjunto de todos los centros urbanos como para tres subconjuntos: grandes, medianos y pequeños. El trabajo presenta después la idea de economías de "concentración geográfica" de las actividades (Lösch), explorando su relación -bajo sup...

  10. nueva realidad de Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Miranda

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las características de la política latinoamericana de los últimos tiempos ha sido la tensión entre integración y fragmentación. En este contexto hubo una reproducción de situaciones conocidas. Pero también se procesaron cambios importantes. Uno de éstos estuvo relacionado con la irrupción de los liderazgos regionales, de naturaleza y envergadura diversa. Encontramos una puja muy particular entre el liderazgo de Venezuela en un proyecto alternativo y la respuesta geopolítica de Estados Unidos a través de Colombia. La realidad de los liderazgos impactó notoriamente a Argentina. Fue evidente que a partir de la crisis de 2001 perdió capacidad de influencia en la región.

  11. EN CONTRA DE LA CIUDAD: LA LEGITIMACIÓN DE LOS COUNTRIES EN ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés David Daín

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo forma parte de una investigación más extensa cuyo objetivo principal es determinar cómo las urbanizaciones cerradas se legitimaron en Argentina. A tal fin, se emprende un análisis ideológico de los countries con el fin de comprender el proceso de significación que les da sentido en tanto práctica social. Particularmente, el análisis propuesto se orienta a poner en evidencia la instauración hegemónica del discurso neoliberal analizando los countries como práctica sobredeterminada. En esta dirección, se indagará acerca del modo en que se significa la vida urbana. La ciudad abierta y el barrio tradicional son significados, primordialmente, en términos de inseguridad y de desorden, y por tanto son representados como espacios poco propicios para la vida buena. Frente a esta representación de la vida urbana, los countries se erigen como un espacio seguro y, por tanto, propicio para una mayor calidad de vida, toda vez que garantizan el resguardo respecto que quienes son percibidos como una constante amenaza. En definitiva, lo que se procurará mostrar es que semejantes fijaciones de sentido se sustentan en una serie de operaciones de sentido a través de las cuales se hace presente la hegemonía del discurso neoliberal

  12. Neo-Liberal International Economy and World Oil Price

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jun Beom [Korea National Oil Corporation, Anyang (Korea)

    2001-06-01

    World oil price has been rapidly going up for almost 2 years. The recent high oil price, which has started from March 1999 about to close the 20th century, ended the period of the low oil price that had continued in 1990s and made the entry into the period of the high oil price as an established fact, so the oil consumers have taken it as the considerable economic impacts. The possibility of the world economic stagnation, which has been raised recently, seems to reconfirm the conventional wisdom that the world economic stagnation comes after the period of the high oil price as the Minister of Energy department, Abraham Spencer, mentioned in March. However, it is necessary to differently understand the recent high oil price because it occurred under the circumstance of neo-liberalism, a new international economic system.

  13. Postmodernism and Neoliberalism: Opposite Sides of the Same Coin?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tibor Rutar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to (a show and briefly explain the socio-historical conditions that gave rise to postmodernism as a discipline in the humanities, a discipline that was to become the biggest rival of Marxian sociology (i.e., materialist conception of history and class analysis in the era of neoliberalism, which took hold at the end of 1970s; (b to show why the postmodernist critique of such sociology is unwarranted; (c to outline theoretical as well as political implications of the postmodernist turn and the marginalization of Marxian sociology. The conclusion is that the turn towards postmodernism is unnecessary and, in fact, regressive because of its unfounded marginalization of Marxian sociology.

  14. Bicycle urbanism as competitive advantage in the neoliberal age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Mikkel Elkær; Olesen, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    In the light of the emergent ‘bicycle renaissance’ in the US, this paper analyses the rationale basis of bicycle role model, Portland’s promotion of bicycling. By conceptualizing bicycle promotion as a ‘travelling idea’, the paper discusses the key rationales and discourses structuring how bicycle...... policies are translated into the City of Portland. The study finds that strong neoliberal rationales such as competitiveness, costeffectiveness, and value for money are pivotal in Portland’s legitimization of spending on bicycle promotion, with sustainability and equity concerns being comparatively...... neglected. It is argued that this approach raises serious questions about the bicycle’s potential as an egalitarian and sustainable practice, and urges potential ‘bicycle cities’ and advocates to be aware of the incommensurability of the creative class strategy and environmental justice goals....

  15. Autopoiesis | Ethopoiesis: Bioconvergent Media in the Age of Neoliberal Biopolitics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart J Murray

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay serves as an Afterword to the double special issue on Bioconvergence. In addition to summarizing the 11 essays gathered in this collection, the authors argue that bioconvergence serves as a useful critical theoretical frame, a means to describe and to interpret the convergence of media, technologies, and bodies across such representative sites as biomedicine, genomics, contemporary warfare, securitization, economics, informatics, entertainment, law, gender, and race. Specifically, bioconvergence is analyzed (1 as social praxis; (2 as bioethos, or, against ethics; and (3 as a specular ecology that constitutes a convergent episteme. Throughout, neoliberal biopolitics is a key referent for bioconvergence, and helps us to understand how bioconvergence is more than the mere sum of its convergent parts. Raison d’état becomes raison d’être: Bioconvergent networks operate autopoietically, producing entrepreneurial individuals, iterated by and implicated in their own techno-mediatized surveillance, prosumption, risk-management, securitization, and public morality.

  16. Economic, Political and Communicative power in the neoliberal societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Bergés-Saura, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the relations between the economic, political and communicative powers in the socioeconomic model of neoliberal capitalism. Firstly, it examines the transformations in the economic power, to analyse later the various mechanisms linking this changing economic power to the media performance. Among these mechanisms, the article analyses the control of ownership and other external financial sources; the origin of commercial income; and business management techniques, while simultaneously investigating the relations between these variables and the transformations in the economic sphere. Following the political economy tradition, the article addresses the implications that the concentration of economic, political and communicative power have on democracy and freedom, taking into account the evolution of the socioeconomic and political system in the last decades.

  17. 17Good governance in the era of global neoliberalism: Conflict and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, UK ... which examine the Argentinian and Mexican contexts of neoliberal restructuring ... common themes here are corrupt and rent-seeking practices which have defined.

  18. Contextualizing the current crisis: Post-Fordism, neoliberal restructuring, and financialization

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Aaron Tauss

    2012-01-01

    .... The specifics of the crisis are inherently related to the failure of Fordism in the 1970s and the emergence of a post-Fordist, neoliberal, and finance-driven regime of accumulation that was pushed...

  19. The water question in feminism: water control and gender inequities in a neo-liberal era

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ahlers, R.; Zwarteveen, M.Z.

    2009-01-01

    The current neo-liberal moment in water policy appears to offer possibilities for realizing feminist ambitions. Several feminist scholars see the individualization and privatization of resource rights as offering possibilities for confronting gender inequalities rooted in, and reproduced by,

  20. Responsibilisation and Leadership in the Neoliberal University: A New Zealand Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amsler, Mark; Shore, Cris

    2017-01-01

    We examine how discourses of leadership and responsibilisation are used in contemporary universities to deepen neoliberal administration and further the corporate university's business plan by restructuring and redescribing academic work. Strategically, responsibilisation discourse, promoted as "distributed leadership", is a technology…

  1. The Murderous State: The Naturalisation of Violence and Exclusion in the Films of Neoliberal Australia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stratton, Jon

    2011-01-01

    .... With the election of the John Howard-led Coalition in 1996 this impact has been reinforced. This article explores the neoliberal values appearing in Australian cultural productions through a number of popular Australian films from 2005 and 2006...

  2. The intensification of neoliberalism and the commodification of human need - a social work perspective

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gurnam Singh; Stephen Cowden

    2015-01-01

    .... While this expansion continues apace, this article argues that the contemporary period, often referred to as neoliberalism, can be characterised in terms of the intensification of those very same...

  3. Neoliberal Forms of Capital and The Rise of Social Movement Partyism in Central America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Almeida

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Historical shifts in global economic formations shape the strategies of resistance movements in the global South. Neoliberal forms of economic development over the past thirty years in Central America have weakened traditional actors sponsoring popular mobilization such as labor unions and rural cooperatives. At the same time, the free market reforms produced new threats to economic livelihood and well-being throughout the region. The neoliberal measures that have generated the greatest levels of mass discontent include rising prices, privatization, labor flexibility laws, mining projects, and free trade. This article analyzes the role of emerging anti-neoliberal political parties in alliance with popular movements in Central America. Countries with already existing strong anti-systemic parties in the initial phases of the global turn to neoliberalism in the late twentieth century resulted in more efficacious manifestations of social movement partyism in the twenty-first century resisting free market globalization.

  4. Neoliberalism and Education in an International Perspective: Chile as Perfect Scenario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Aravena

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In our modern society, governments, civil society and private sector are concerned about education as it is a key to build a successful community. This paper seeks to analyse, through one particular country, how the education system can change when neoliberalism is implemented as a framework in educational terms. This paper focuses on Chile and its education system adopting an international comparative perspective, using empirical examples and cases within a Latin America scenario. Chilean education system has created a controversial, complex and unique relationship between neoliberalism and education. This relationship has configured a complex social context increasing the gap between rich and poor. At the same time, Chilean education system has reproduced social classes in discourse and practice trough of a dramatic social stratification. In this particular case, we confirm that neoliberalism has generated an education system that is highly segregated and selective. Improvisation has been utilised as a political strategy to reduce neoliberal impacts on education.

  5. Exploring interepistemological encounters in international HE at the intersection of ideologies of neoliberalism and ethical globalization

    OpenAIRE

    Wadsholt, Tanja Kanne

    2014-01-01

    Within recent years, plurality and difference have been embraced in higher education both by internationalization strategies originating in a neoliberal marked-driven process as well as by counter-ideologies of ethical globalization.The neoliberal transformation has resulted in new ontologies of the university, e.g. “the entrepreneurial university” (Barnett 2012) or “the global university” (Biesta 2011) in its external relation to society defined by its preoccupation with the economic and tec...

  6. Coming Soon to a Physician Near You: Medical Neoliberalism and Pharmaceutical Clinical Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, Jill A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper aims to expand standard conceptions of current ethical issues by discussing pharmaceutical clinical trials in terms of the broader political economy. Specifically, it explores one important characteristic of the political economy in the United States: the trend towards the neoliberalization of health care. First, it provides an overview of neoliberalism and its manifestations in the health care sector. Then, it applies this perspective to pharmaceutical drug development. The paper ...

  7. Freebies, freedom and fundamental change: Resistance to neoliberal environmentalism in large ‘green’ corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Swaffield, Joanne

    2017-01-01

    Despite the professed concern of many governments, businesses and individuals – and the recent publication of another alarming report from the IPCC – inaction on climate change remains a significant concern. For many, the problem is rooted in a neoliberal account of social change. Neoliberal environmentalism is the dominant approach to environmental issues but it is often blamed for the continuing failure of climate change policy in general and behaviour change initiatives in particular. This...

  8. A PRODUÇÃO CIENTÍFICA BRASILEIRA SOBRE A TEORIA E A PRÁXIS DO PSICÓLOGO ORGANIZACIONAL E DO TRABALHO NA VIRADA DO SÉCULO XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Urt

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo trata-se de pesquisa teórica a respeito das contribuições da Psicologia às organizações de trabalho e da atuação do psicólogo organizacional e do trabalho, em publicações ocorridas na virada do século XXI. O objetivo geral foi conhecer a produção científica brasileira da Psicologia voltada às organizações de trabalho, em seus aspectos teóricos e pragmáticos, no período compreendido entre os anos finais do século XX e anos iniciais do século XXI. Para a sua consecução, primeiramente, foram pesquisados textos relacionados à temática da Psicologia Organizacional e do Trabalho, em bases de dados de publicações científicas. Foram encontrados 114 textos, dentre livros, artigos, teses, dissertações e monografias de graduação e pós-graduação. Dentre esses textos, foi realizado um levantamento de publicações compreendidas entre 1997 e 2010 sobre o que vem sendo posto como teoria para subsidiar as práticas do psicólogo organizacional e do trabalho, assim como sobre as pesquisas realizadas na área da Psicologia Organizacional e do Trabalho (POT. Os resultados obtidos revelam que os textos que tratam da práxis da Psicologia nas organizações mostram que se mantêm práticas tradicionais, quando do seu surgimento entre os séculos XIX e XX, contrapondo a teoria e publicações que direcionam o fazer da Psicologia para atender às novas demandas das organizações, advindas da globalização.   The present article is treated of theoretical research regarding the contributions of the Psychology to the work organizations and of the work and organizational psychologist's performance, in publications happened in the turning of the twenty first century. The general objective was to know the Brazilian scientific output of the Psychology focused to the work organizations, in their theoretical and pragmatic aspects, in the period understood among the late years of the twentieth century and early years of

  9. SEXISMO Y RACISMO EN LA GESTIÓN NEOLIBERAL DE LAS MIGRACIONES: SUBTEXTOS DEL CONTRATO SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Moreno Balaguer

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of neoliberal globalization has to be done from a feminist perspective, paying attention to the global reorganization of gender, wich is the solution neoliberalism proposes to solve “care crisis”. This research attempts to diagnose sexism and racism in neoliberal management of migration, particularly in the European context. We argue that under the apparent neutrality of the (neoliberal social contract there are "subtexts" of gender and race. We refer to patriarchal institutions such as family emerged in the transition from feudalism to capitalism and the sexual division of labor  and racialized institutions such as otherness and immigration laws. We believe that the availability of female precarized immigrant workers plays a fundamental function in the reestructuring of neoliberalism, once revealed the crisis of reproductive model in wich it is based, and because of that, the liberalization of migration in neoliberal way  is incompatible with the guarantee of human rights

  10. Anti-Neoliberal Struggles in the 21st Century: Gramsci Revised

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Jasso-Aguilar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The dominance of neoliberalism in the past three decades suggests the capacity of capitalism to adapt and restructure itself in periods of crisis and to curb progressive movements that threaten its hegemony. Yet social movements that challenge neoliberalism continue to emerge, sending hopeful signs of its potential demise by ushering in progressive governments that often appear to fall short of expectations. Building off the growing body of research that utilizes Gramscian theory to categorize neoliberalism as a passive revolution, I examine the concept of anti-passive revolution with empirical data to propose a theory of resistance against neoliberalism. The empirical data comes from two movements against neoliberalism: the coalition that challenged the privatization of water in Cochabamba, Bolivia in 2000; and, the movement that challenged the results of the Mexican presidential election in 2006. By examining the trajectories of these movements over a timespan of several years, I identify the empirical conditions for a theory of anti-passive revolution, and the potential for such processes to challenge the hegemony of the passive revolution represented by neoliberalism

  11. Profae e lógica neoliberal: estreitas relações Profae and neoliberal logic: close relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgia Sobreira dos Santos Cêa

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O Projeto de Profissionalização dos Trabalhadores da Área de Enfermagem (Profae representa, desde 2000, a principal política do Ministério da Saúde (MS voltada para a qualificação da força de trabalho do setor. Sem negar tal condição, o esforço analítico deste artigo é guiado pelo exercício de compreensão do Profae a partir da sua condição de política social formulada e implementada em função dos preceitos e prescrições gerenciais típicos do Estado capitalista reformado segundo a orientação neoliberal. Este esforço constitui o objetivo principal deste trabalho. Inicialmente, o Profae é considerado a partir de sua visibilidade social, expressa na forma de projeto voltado para a qualificação de profissionais da área de enfermagem. Em seguida, a partir de uma breve contextualização dos dilemas em torno da formação desses profissionais no Brasil, problematiza-se a possibilidade de o Profae servir, efetivamente, de instrumento para a reversão dessa precariedade formativa. Este movimento permite buscar as mediações do Profae com a tipificação imposta às políticas de caráter neoliberal em curso e com as formas de privatização do fundo público, consideradas aqui como mecanismos implícitos ao seu financiamento. Por fim, são expostas reflexões acerca da instrumentalidade política e econômica do Profae, para além de sua aparência de simples projeto de profissionalização dos trabalhadores da área de enfermagem.The Professionalisation Project for Nurse Practitioners represents the Ministry of Health's main educational policy for such labour force since 2000. Granted this condition, the analytical effort of this article is to understand Profae as a social policy formulated and implemented by management precepts and prescriptions typical of the neoliberal capitalist State. This is the main objetive of this paper. Firstly, the social visibility of Profae - considered as a project geared towards the

  12. Area Handbook Series: Argentina: A Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Etchepareborda, Roberto, Ricardo M. Ortiz, and Juan V. Orona, La crisis de 1930: Ensayos (I). ( Biblioteca Politica Argentina, 15.) Buenos Aires: Centro...Roots of Dependency in Peru and Argentina. Boulder: Westview Press, 1984. Gambini, Hugo. Las presidencias peronistas: La primera pre- sidencia de...in Bagü Pinedo et al, (eds.). La crisis de 1930: Testimonios (H). Argentina: Biblioteca Politica Argentina, 1983. Goldwert, Marvin. Democracy

  13. Coccocypselum pulchellum (Rubiaceae, nuevo registro para Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa L. Cabral

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se cita Coccocypselum pulchellum por primera vez para Argentina, en Predio Guaraní, Misiones. Esta es la tercera especie de Coccocypselum registrada para la flora de Argentina junto con C. hasslerianum y C. lanceolatum. Se incluyen descripciones, ilustraciones y una clave para reconocer las tres especies argentinas de Coccocypselum.

  14. Amaryllidaceae adventicias en la Argentina Amaryllidaceae adventitious in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio A. Hurrell

    Full Text Available Este trabajo incluye el estudio de las Amaryllidaceae adventicias para la Argentina, representadas por 4 géneros: Amaryllis, Crinum, Leucojum y Narcissus y 6 especies, 3 de ellas son nuevas citas: Crinum asiaticum , Leucojum aestivum y Narcissus poeticus ; y se actualizan los datos disponibles sobre Amaryllis belladonna , Crinum x powellii y Narcissus tazetta .This paper includes an abstract for adventive Amaryllidaceae for Argentina, 4 genera are represented: Amaryllis, Crinum, Leucojum and Narcissus, with 6 species; 3 of them are new records: Crinum asiaticum, Leucojum aestivum and Narcissus poeticus ; and updated observations of the previously cited: Amaryllis belladonna , Crinum x powellii and Narcissus tazetta.

  15. Crisis de la prensa Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Rey Lennon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La magnitud de la crisis económica Argentina es enorme y difícil saber hasta cuando se extenderá, agravada por una situación política frágil. La actual recesión ha hecho caer la inversión publicitaria a los niveles más bajos de los últimos años. De 1997 al 2001 la circulación de la prensa Argentina cayó en el 36 por ciento. El riesgo en Argentina es la eventual extranjerización de casi todos los medios de comunicación.

  16. Forjando el Estado Neoliberal: Workfare, Prisonfare e Inseguridad Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loïc Wacquant

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En Castigar a los pobres, mostré que el ascenso del Estado Penal en los Estados Unidos y otras sociedades avanzadas en el último cuarto de siglo es una respuesta a la creciente inseguridad social y no a la inseguridad criminal, que los cambios en la asistencia social y las políticas judiciales están vinculados entre sí, el tan restrictivo workfare y el tan expansivo prisonfare se unen en un artefacto único de organización para la disciplina de las fracciones precarizadas de la clase trabajadora en la era post-industrial, y que un sistema carcelario diligente no es una desviación, sino un elemento constitutivo del Leviatán neoliberal. En este artículo, extraigo las consecuencias teóricas de ese diagnóstico respecto al gobierno emergente de la inseguridad social. Utilizo el concepto de campo burocrático de Bourdieu para revisar la tesis clásica de Piven y Cloward sobre la regulación de la pobreza a través de la asistencia público, y contrastar el modelo de penalización como técnica para la gestión de la marginalidad urbana con la visión de Michel Foucault sobre la sociedad disciplinaria, las consideraciones de David Garlad sobre la cultura del control y la caracterización de David Harvey acerca de la política neoliberal. Contra la concepción estrecha del neoliberalismo como una regla del mercado, se propone una especificación de mayor densidad sociológica que implica prestaciones sociales de supervisión, un estado penal proactivo y el tropo cultural de la responsabilidad individual. Esto sugiere que es necesario teorizar, no respecto a la prisión como una técnica práctica para aplicar la ley, sino como un núcleo cuya capacidad política selectiva y agresiva descargada sobre las regiones inferiores del espacio social viola los ideales de la ciudadanía democrática.

  17. Neo-liberal economic practices and population health: a cross-national analysis, 1980-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tracy, Melissa; Kruk, Margaret E; Harper, Christine; Galea, Sandro

    2010-04-01

    Although there has been substantial debate and research concerning the economic impact of neo-liberal practices, there is a paucity of research about the potential relation between neo-liberal economic practices and population health. We assessed the extent to which neo-liberal policies and practices are associated with population health at the national level. We collected data on 119 countries between 1980 and 2004. We measured neo-liberalism using the Fraser Institute's Economic Freedom of the World (EFW) Index, which gives an overall score as well as a score for each of five different aspects of neo-liberal economic practices: (1) size of government, (2) legal structure and security of property rights, (3) access to sound money, (4) freedom to exchange with foreigners and (5) regulation of credit, labor and business. Our measure of population health was under-five mortality. We controlled for potential mediators (income distribution, social capital and openness of political institutions) and confounders (female literacy, total population, rural population, fertility, gross domestic product per capita and time period). In longitudinal multivariable analyses, we found that the EFW index did not have an effect on child mortality but that two of its components: improved security of property rights and access to sound money were associated with lower under-five mortality (p = 0.017 and p = 0.024, respectively). When stratifying the countries by level of income, less regulation of credit, labor and business was associated with lower under-five mortality in high-income countries (p = 0.001). None of the EFW components were significantly associated with under-five mortality in low-income countries. This analysis suggests that the concept of 'neo-liberalism' is not a monolithic entity in its relation to health and that some 'neo-liberal' policies are consistent with improved population health. Further work is needed to corroborate or refute these findings.

  18. Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María L. Bakker

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se coleccionaron hojas maduras de ejemplares adultos de Populus alba, Populus deltoides, Robinia pseudoacacia, Ulmus pumila y Fraxinus americana del Campus Universitario, Tandil, Buenos Aires, Argentina (37° 19’S, 59° 08’O en febrero de 2004. La cera cuticular fue extraída, purificada, y el contenido y proporción relativa de n-alcanos de número impar de carbonos (C23C35 fue cuantificado mediante cromatografía gas-líquido capilar. La concentración total de n-alcanos (mg/kg MS fue P. alba (6935 > Robinia (1571 > P. deltoides (1379 > Ulmus (880 > Fraxinus (467. Los n-alcanos más abundantes en todas las especies fueron C27 y C29 que constituyeron entre 10 y 51% y entre 35 y 76% del total respectivamente, excepto en Fraxinus donde los más abundantes fueron C29 y C31 que constituyeron el 31 y 49% del total respectivamente. P. alba y P. deltoides difirieron no solo en la concentración total de n-alcanos sino también en la proporción relativa de C27 y C29, siendo C29 el n-alcano más abundante en la segunda especie (76% igual que en Robinia (75%. La presencia de nalcanos de número par de carbonos no fue detectable o resultó muy baja en general en todas las especies, con excepción de C26, C28 y C30, este último se destacó particularmente en Fraxinus.

  19. Urban development in Freiburg, Germany – sustainable and neoliberal?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mössner, Samuel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, sustainable urban development has emerged as a relevant but contested field in urban studies. A broad and diverse literature has discussed sustainable development from various perspectives. Some authors have researched urban sustainability from a technocratic perspective, looking for technical and managerial solutions. Others have shed light on the political dimension of urban sustainable development in our times of urban neoliberalization. This branch of literature focuses on the problematic relationship between market-oriented growth on the one hand and aspects of equality and justice on the other hand, which come along with the idea of sustainability. This article argues that the professionalization and new forms of urban management, as well as a shift towards urban governance and citizens’ participation have intensified consensual practices of urban regulation. Sustainable politics that have occurred in many cities around the world place emphasis on justice, tolerance and participation as the principal drivers for urban development. Empirical evidence shows, however, that these goals are subjugated to economic growth. Drawing on empirical work carried out in Freiburg, Germany – a city long hailed as a forerunner of urban sustainable development – this article promotes the opinion that the idea of ‘sustainable development’ in its current form is nothing more than an oxymoron, aimed and invented as a fuzzy concept in order to disguise the fundamentalist believe in growth that lies beyond such development.

  20. Global Mining and the Uneasy Neoliberalization of Sustainable Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Himley

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available As transnational mining firms have sought to position themselves as drivers of sustainable development, a key component of their efforts has been the implementation of social development programs in their areas of operation. This paper situates the expansion of corporate-led development in the mining sector as part of an ongoing reconfiguration of the frameworks and processes through which mineral production is governed, interpreting such initiatives as illustrative of “roll-out” neoliberalization. Based on an analysis of firm-led development at the Pierina gold mine in Andean Peru, I explore how the mining company has been able to advance a version of sustainability broadly compatible with contemporary large-scale mining. Taking on the role of development agent, however, is not an uncomplicated endeavor in that it has left the firm subject to escalating development claims from nearby populations. In this context, I raise the question of whether the mining industry’s adoption of notions of partnership and participation amounts to a strategy for diffusing responsibility when necessary and deflecting the claims of affected communities.

  1. Making the Blue Zones: Neoliberalism and nudges in public health promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Eric D

    2015-05-01

    This paper evaluates the ideological and political origins of a place-based and commercial health promotion effort, the Blue Zones Project (BZP), launched in Iowa in 2011. Through critical discourse analysis, I argue that the BZP does reflect a neoliberalization of public health, but as an "actually existing neoliberalism" it emerges from a specific policy context, including dramatic health sector policy changes due to the national Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare; a media discourse of health crisis for an aging Midwestern population; and an effort to refashion Iowa cities as sites of healthy and active living, to retain and attract a creative class of young entrepreneurs. The BZP employs many well-known mechanisms of neoliberal governance: the public-private partnership; competition among communities for "public" funds; promotion of an apolitical discourse on individual responsibility and ownership of health; decentralizing governance to the "community" level; and marketing, branding, and corporate sponsorship of public projects. The BZP exemplifies the process of "neoliberal governmentality," by which individuals learn to govern themselves and their "life projects" in line with a market-based rationality. However, with its emphasis on "nudging" individuals towards healthy behaviors through small changes in the local environment, the BZP reflects the rise of "libertarian paternalism," a variant of neoliberalism, as a dominant ideology underlying contemporary health promotion efforts. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Argentina: Nationality, Demography and Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-22

    improve the industries, and introduce and teach both sciences and arts". Reform would aim at selecting immigrants. Reviewing Argentine history S•d the...1978. 4. Palacio H. "Historia de la Argentina", Ed. Pefiatillo, Buenos Aires, 1973. 5. Randle, P.H. and others. "La Conciencia Territorial Ed. Oikos

  3. Sessea regnellii (Solanaceae en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor A. Keller

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez a Sessea regnelli para la flora argentina. Se presenta una descripción de la especie sobre la base de los ejemplares examinados, como así también ilustraciones y observaciones ecológicas.

  4. NREL technical assistance to Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lilienthal, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes assistance to Argentina from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory which has touched on four programs: tariff analysis for rural concessions programs; wind/diesel hybrid retrofits in Patagonia; small hybrid systems designs for rural schools; an assessment of wind resources. The paper expands briefly on the first two points.

  5. The Coloniality of Neoliberal English: The Enduring Structures of American Colonial English Instruction in the Philippines and Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Funie

    2015-01-01

    This article highlights two relationships in regards to neoliberalism and second language. First, it examines the connection between English and neoliberalism. It focuses on the idea of English as a global language and the linguistic instrumentalism (Kubota, 2011; Wee, 2003) of English as a necessary tool for economic viability in the globalized…

  6. How Neoliberal Globalization Is Shaping Early Childhood Education Policies in India, China, Singapore, Sri Lanka and the Maldives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Amita

    2018-01-01

    In rapidly globalizing systems of schooling around the world, economic considerations have led to a push to impose neoliberal reforms in the field of education. Under this influence early childhood education and teacher education in Asia have increasingly become positioned as regulated markets governed by neoliberal policies, leading to peak…

  7. Extremism and Neo-Liberal Education Policy: A Contextual Critique of the Trojan Horse Affair in Birmingham Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, James

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers new insights into the effects of neo-liberal education policies on some Muslim majority schools in Birmingham. It critically reveals how the implementation of neo-liberal education policies, pursued by both Labour and Conservative Governments, has contributed to the failure of some mechanisms of school leadership and governance.…

  8. Regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil: neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist aesthetics in slum upgrading in Recife

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nuijten, M.C.M.; Koster, M.; Vries, de P.A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper shows how regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil are produced by the entangling of neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist visions. The paper focuses on Prometrópole, a slum upgrading project in Recife funded by the World Bank, which commenced in 2007. In this project, the neoliberal

  9. Neo-Liberalism and Universal State Education: The Cases of Denmark, Norway and Sweden 1980-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiborg, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    This article investigates neo-liberal policy on education in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Traditionally, the edifice of the education system in these Scandinavian countries has been built on egalitarian values, but over the last 20 years they have increasingly adopted market-led reforms of education. The extent of neo-liberal policy varies between…

  10. Japan's Ministry of Education "Becoming the Right": Neo-Liberal Restructuring and the Ministry's Struggles for Political Legitimacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takayama, Keita

    2008-01-01

    This article first examines the controversial revision of the Fundamental Law of Education (FLE) by situating it in the larger global context of neo-liberal and neo-conservative state-restructuring and education reform. It then focuses on the domestic politics behind what seems to be the global convergence of education policy along neo-liberal and…

  11. Neoliberal ideology, global capitalism, and science education: engaging the question of subjectivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzul, Jesse

    2012-12-01

    This paper attempts to add to the multifaceted discussion concerning neoliberalism and globalization out of two Cultural Studies of Science Education journal issues along with the recent Journal of Research in Science Teaching devoted to these topics. However, confronting the phenomena of globalization and neoliberalism will demand greater engagement with relevant sociopolitical thought in fields typically outside the purview of science education. Drawing from thinkers Michel Foucault, Jean Baudrillard, Judith Butler, and Louis Althusser this paper attempts to extend some key ideas coming from Ken Tobin, Larry Bencze, and Lyn Carter and advocates science educators taking up notions of ideology, discourse, and subjectivity to engage globalization and neoliberalism. Subjectivity (and its constitution in science education) is considered alongside two relevant textbook examples and also in terms of its importance in formulating political and culturally relevant questions in science education.

  12. Exploring interepistemological encounters in international HE at the intersection of ideologies of neoliberalism and ethical globalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadsholt, Tanja Kanne

    Within recent years, plurality and difference have been embraced in higher education both by internationalization strategies originating in a neoliberal marked-driven process as well as by counter-ideologies of ethical globalization. The neoliberal transformation has resulted in new ontologies....... 2010. "Student experience in the globalized Higher Education market: Challenges and Research Imperatives." In Globalization and internationalization in Higher Education: Theoretical, strategic and management perspectives, edited by F. Maringe and N. Foskett, 155-173. London: Continuum Publishing...... higher education as a field structured by neoliberalism at one pole and counter-ideologies of ethical globalization on the other, the paper maps the interaction of these ideologies in the epistemologies at play at three international master programs at Aarhus University and in their visions of IC...

  13. Neoliberal governmentality, subjectivity and the transformation of university. Scholars assessment as normalization technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Amigot Leache

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Taking the Foucauldian reading of liberalism and neoliberalism as a starting point, we analyze the modes of subjectivation of the current power devices. Comparing them with the disciplinary techniques, as the exam, we emphasize the managerial nature and the strategies of control of contemporary power devices, which normalization effects have a “formal-assessment” character and entail a permanent production of innovation. Then we analyze the assessment of the university teaching staff as a technique of great relevance in the transformation of the University within the framework of the neoliberal reforms. In the neoliberal context, this technique produces processes of individuation and overall effects at the same time. Considering the assessment as a technique genealogically linked with the exam, we analyze the subjective transformations that it entails and its global effects in the change of the value of knowledge as well as in the normalization effect of epistemic practices.

  14. A critique of neoliberalism with fierceness: queer youth of color creating dialogues of resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, Jonathan; Marquez, Rigoberto; McLaren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    As a form of deregulated capitalism that has run amok, commodifying all that is in its path, and as a cultural means of commodifying Black and brown bodies, neoliberalism has taken a serious toll on the lives of working-class queer youth of color. Although it has hijacked spaces of cultural representation and material production, neoliberal capitalism is far from transparent. Through resistance, activism and performance queer youth of color have now started to shape a critique of oppressive structures, neoliberal policies, and pedagogical practices that are critical of their intersecting identities. This article examines neoliberalism's impact on education, focusing on educational policy and how these policies have affected queer youth of color in the urban centers of our major cities. This article also considers the contributions made by educators writing from the perspective of critical pedagogy in addressing the plight of queer youth of color in U.S. schools while employing the example of the dance group, Innovation, as way of addressing the havoc of neoliberalism in the lives of queer youth of color through performance and activism. This group has not only transformed notions of gender, race, class and sexuality that challenge major tenants of neoliberalism, but has also served as potent sites for the development of a critical pedagogy for working-class queer youth of color. Through sites of resistance rooted in progressive struggle, queer youth of color must be enabled by critical transformative intellectuals committed to encouraging youth to critically evaluate and challenge ideologies while displaying an allegiance to egalitarianism.

  15. Orden neoliberal y reformas estructurales en la decada de 1990: un balance desde la experiencia colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Estrada Álvarez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como propósito principal el análisis de la construcción del orden neoliberal en Colombia considerado a la luz de los procesos de reforma estructural realizados durante los tres lustros recientes. Busca contribuir igualmente a una ampliación de las perspectivas de análisis sobre el proyecto político neoliberal, que por lo regular se centran en enfoques económicos, o políticos, o de análisis de impacto. En desarrollo de esos propósitos el texto se ha dividido en cinco apartes. En el primero se hacen unas consideraciones breves sobre la importancia de la incorporación sistemática de las reformas estructurales al ordenamiento jurídico. En el segundo se muestran los principales momentos (con base en una propuesta de periodización y las principales instituciones en la construcción del orden neoliberal en Colombia. En el tercero se aborda el análisis de cada uno de esos momentos y se señalan los aspectos más relevantes en cuanto a la producción de la norma del proyecto neoliberal En el cuarto se examina el lugar de los tratados de libre comercio dentro del proyecto político de construcción de un orden neoliberal supranacional. Finalmente, en el quinto apartado se estudia la tendencia reciente del orden neoliberal en Colombia para mostrar sus vínculos con una tendencia autoritaria del régimen político y una creciente militarización de la política .

  16. The Political Economy of Neoliberalism and Illiberal Democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Jacobs

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The unprecedented opportunities missed at the end of the Cold War have come back to haunt and taunt us in the form of misshapen ideologies and misconceived policies. Discredited notions discarded by history once again raise their heads to be finally buried or bury us. Despite the rhetoric of the Washington Consensus, the fall of the Berlin Wall, the collapse of communism and dissolution of Soviet authoritarianism did not mark a final vindication and victory for Western democratic neoliberalism. They only removed the antagonist who had compelled Western ideologues to moderate their actions to counterbalance the obvious humanistic appeal of socialism. Blinded by their own propaganda, theorists, politicians and the general public have embraced a course that threatens the stability and sustainability of Western society. Globalization, financialization, global mergers and acquisitions, shadow banking, international tax havens, the policy bias favoring energy-intensive automation, maximizing share-holder value, state capture, oligarchy and plutocracy have fueled soaring levels of economic inequality and insecurity. More importantly, they have shaken the roots of the social consensus that is the foundation of modern liberal democracies: polarizing and destabilizing society and throwing political processes into chaos. The notion that economics can be divorced and insulated from politics is an illusion. There is no economy without politics and law. A return to unbridled capitalism is threatening the culture of liberal values and the functioning of democratic institutions. Even mature democracies show signs of degenerating into their illiberal namesakes. The historical record confirms that peaceful, prosperous, free and harmonious societies can best be nurtured by the widest possible distribution of all forms of power—political, economic, educational, scientific, technological and social—to the greatest extent to the greatest number. The aspiration

  17. Fairy-Tale Niche Marketing: Neoliberal Appropriation of Pre-School Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urszula Dzikiewicz-Gazda

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author describes specfic mechanisms of neoliberalization at work in pre-school education in Poland. The argument is based on an ethnographic analysis of a theatre performance which crowned one of Wrocław’s educational projects called “Enterprising Pre-school Student”. It demonstrates the workings of neoliberal ideology, which—based on the niche marketing strategy—targets specific needs of particular consumer groups. Addressing children with a specialised marketing message, the strategy uses fairy tales as a tool and cover for instilling desired behaviour patterns in them.

  18. Through a glass, darkly: U.S. marriage discourse and neoliberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzullo, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    This article draws together research insights on marriage in the U.S. to argue that over the last 40 years we are able to see an active engagement with neoliberalism in discussions on the subject. Using discourse analysis, I consider how the underlying assumptions that inform the key concepts of autonomy, individualism, responsibility, and universality have been re-semanticized through neoliberal ideology to change the ways that Americans think of marriage (and themselves). In light of these changed assumptions, this article urges a reexamination of the activism and identity politics around marriage as well as further academic research on the topic.

  19. A psycho-societal perspective on neoliberal welfare services in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Linda Lundgaard

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces a psycho-societal approach to the micro-processes of Danish neoliberal welfare services, elaborating a learning and identity perspective. My many years of encounters with professionals in welfare services have illuminated how they display a strong identification with...... of neoliberal policies and practices has dominated the Danish welfare sector. By applying a psycho-societal conceptual approach - illustrated by an empirical example - I sketch out how identification, ambivalence and defence are significant features of welfare service professionals’ learning and practices...

  20. ESTANDARIZACIÓN Y RACIONALIDAD POLÍTICA NEOLIBERAL: BASES CURRICULARES DE CHILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angélica Oliva

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La política educativa chilena 2001-2016 descubre una matriz cuyos dispositivos configuran una racionalidad técnico-instrumental. La medición fundamenta la estandarización en las Bases Curriculares Nacionales, estableciendo un régimen de verdad funcional al orden neoliberal. Se tensiona la relación estandarización/calidad de la educación/racionalidad política neoliberal, develando los nodos de su compleja red en las políticas educativas.

  1. Governing the Modern, Neoliberal Child through ICT Research in Mathematics Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola; Knijnik, Gelsa

    2015-01-01

    Research on the pedagogical uses of ICT for the learning of mathematics formulates cultural thesis about the desired subject of education and society, and thereby contribute to fabricate the rational, Modern, self-regulated, entrepreneurial neoliberal child. Using the Foucauldian notion of govern......Research on the pedagogical uses of ICT for the learning of mathematics formulates cultural thesis about the desired subject of education and society, and thereby contribute to fabricate the rational, Modern, self-regulated, entrepreneurial neoliberal child. Using the Foucauldian notion...... subject. We show how research may create the inclusion and exclusion of different forms of life among children....

  2. Pobreza, racismo y competitividad. El ordenamiento urbano neoliberal en Cartagena de Indias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dairo Sánchez Mojica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El art culo propone un an lisis del discurso neoliberal sobre la plani caci n del ordenamiento urbano de Cartagena de Indias. Pa ra ello, se vale de la categor a de intertextualidad para ex- plorar las articulaciones que relacionan la prensa escrita nacional con algunos instrumentos de plani caci n urbana. Esto le permite indagar por sus efectos pol ticos de verdad sobre la gesti n gubernamental de la pobreza. Concluye que las implicaciones pol ticas de nombrar la pobreza a partir del orden discursivo neoliberal tienen que ver con el gobierno de las fuerzas creativas del cuerpo social.

  3. Work and Productive Restructuring in Neoliberal Brazil – Precariousness of Work and Salary Redundancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Alves

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to analyze the social mutations that occur in the world of labor based on the neoliberal era in Brazil. It examines the precariousness of work as being an element that composes the new social metabolism that emerges with the productive restructuring of capital and the constitution of the neoliberal State. It presents as the objective causes of the increased precariousness of work the intensification and expansion of the exploitation and plundering of the labor force, the dismounting of labor collectives and of corporate-union resistance; as well as the social fragmentation in the cities due to the exacerbated growth of mass unemployment.

  4. Stereo Pair: Patagonia, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    This view of northern Patagonia, near El Cain, Argentina shows complexly eroded volcanic terrain, with basalt mesas, sinkholes, landslide debris, playas, and relatively few integrated drainage channels. Surrounding this site (but also extending far to the east) is a broad plateau capped by basalt, the Meseta de Somuncura. Here, near the western edge of the plateau, erosion has broken through the basalt cap in a variety of ways. On the mesas, water-filled sinkholes (lower left) are most likely the result of the collapse of old lava tubes. Along the edges of the mesas (several locations) the basalt seems to be sliding away from the plateau in a series of slices. Water erosion by overland flow is also evident, particularly in canyons where vegetation blankets the drainage channels (green patterns, bottom of image). However, overland water flow does not extend very far at any location. This entire site drains to local playas, some of which are seen here (blue). While the water can reach the playas and then evaporate, what becomes of the eroded rock debris? Wind might excavate some of the finer eroded debris, but the fate of much of the missing bedrock remains mysterious.This cross-eyed stereoscopic image pair was generated using topographic data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, combined with an enhanced Landsat 7 satellite color image. The topography data are used to create two differing perspectives of a single image, one perspective for each eye. In doing so, each point in the image is shifted slightly, depending on its elevation. When stereoscopically merged, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions.Landsat satellites have provided visible light and infrared images of the Earth continuously since 1972. SRTM topographic data match the 30-meter (99-foot) spatial resolution of most Landsat images and provide a valuable complement for studying the historic and growing Landsat data archive. The Landsat 7

  5. Anaglyph: Patagonia, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    This view of northern Patagonia, near El Cain, Argentina shows complexly eroded volcanic terrain, with basalt mesas, sinkholes, landslide debris, playas, and relatively few integrated drainage channels. Surrounding this site (but also extending far to the east) is a broad plateau capped by basalt, the Meseta de Somuncura. Here, near the western edge of the plateau, erosion has broken through the basalt cap in a variety of ways. On the mesas, water-filled sinkholes (lower left) are most likely the result of the collapse of old lava tubes. Along the edges of the mesas (several locations) the basalt seems to be sliding away from the plateau in a series of slices. Water erosion by overland flow is also evident, particularly in canyons where vegetation blankets the drainage channels (bright patterns, bottom of image). However, overland water flow does not extend very far at any location. This entire site drains to local playas, some of which are seen here (dark lakes with bright shores). While the water can reach the playas and then evaporate, what becomes of the eroded rock debris? Wind might excavate some of the finer eroded debris, but the fate of much of the missing bedrock remains mysterious.This anaglyph was generated by first draping a Landsat Thematic Mapper image over a topographic map from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, then producing the two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and the right eye with a blue filter.Landsat satellites have provided visible light and infrared images of the Earth continuously since 1972. SRTM topographic data match the 30-meter (99-foot) spatial resolution of most Landsat images and provide a valuable complement for studying the historic and growing Landsat data archive. The Landsat 7 Thematic Mapper image used here was provided to

  6. Elements of a critique of neoliberal model of transition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golubović Zagorka T.

    2004-01-01

    been necessary to strengthen the role of the welfare state in order to resolve the accumulated problems in the sphere of everyday life and social services instead of its intensified limitation, which provokes the deviation of the citizens towards the rightist options; ● thereby, in what mistakes consists of neoliberal conception of transition, and whether some other model will be more adequate when these countries are in question?.

  7. Tensions between Teaching Sexuality Education and Neoliberal Policy Reform in Quebec's Professional Competencies for Beginning Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Dan; McGray. Robert

    2015-01-01

    This research draws into question the effects that neoliberal policy reforms--with an emphasis on individual and measurable "competencies"--has on new teachers teaching sexuality education in Quebec. While we examine professional competencies that teachers can use to define their mandate for teaching sexuality education as a beginning…

  8. How Possible Is Socially Just Education under Neo-Liberal Capitalism? Struggling against the Tide?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reay, Diane

    2016-01-01

    In 2012 the author wrote about what a socially just system would look like, and used the example of Finland Since then the already emergent aspects of neo-liberalism within Finnish education have grown, as privileged white parents increasingly demand privileged spaces within comprehensive schools for their children. There are radical spaces within…

  9. The urban roots of anti-neoliberal social movements: the case of Athens, Greece

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arampatzi, A.; Nicholls, W.J.

    2012-01-01

    The recent rounds of anti-neoliberal mobilizations in Europe have shown to be rooted in cities. Whereas Madrid has become a central hub in Spain’s social movement, Athens has assumed a central and centralizing role in Greece. Through a case study on Athens, Greece, this paper aims to show how cities

  10. Neoliberalizing Race? Diverse Youths' Lived Experiences of Race in School Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Ee-Seul

    2017-01-01

    Critical racial studies of school choice elucidate the worsening effects of school choice policy on racial segregation in diversifying cities around the world. This paper contributes to this scholarship by illuminating how a neoliberal education policy of school choice has created racial divisions in new ways in a settler-colonial city. It focuses…

  11. Neoliberal Globalisation, Managerialism and Higher Education in England: Challenging the Imposed "Order of Things"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, Andrea; Cooper, Charlie

    2013-01-01

    This article critically explores the consequences of the imposition of neoliberal ideology on a transnational scale on the higher education system. Its particular focus is England where the context of the "new managerialism" continues to dominate the "lifeworlds" of educators and the educated, despite strong concerns about its…

  12. Governing the Modern, Neoliberal Child through ICT Research in Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valero, Paola; Knijnik, Gelsa

    2015-01-01

    Research on the pedagogical uses of ICT for the learning of mathematics formulates cultural thesis about the desired subject of education and society, and thereby contribute to fabricate the rational, Modern, self­-regulated, entrepreneurial neoliberal child. Using the Foucauldian notion of governmentality, the section Technology in the…

  13. Meritocracy 2.0: High-Stakes, Standardized Testing as a Racial Project of Neoliberal Multiculturalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Au, Wayne

    2016-01-01

    High-stakes, standardized testing is regularly used within in accountability narratives as a tool for achieving racial equality in schools. Using the frameworks of "racial projects" and "neoliberal multiculturalism," and drawing on historical and empirical research, this article argues that not only does high-stakes,…

  14. The fall and rise of neoliberal American cities : Towards more sustainable urban development strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heurkens, E.W.T.M.

    2012-01-01

    American cities can be seen as exponents of neoliberal planning concepts implemented throughout the last half century. Also cities worldwide have followed similar or related urban development strategies for establishing economic growth. But are American cities still fit for the 21st century? Are

  15. Neoliberal Multiculturalism Embedded in Social Justice Education: Commodification of Multicultural Education for the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atasay, Engin

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates how conceptions of "diversity" and "equity" in U.S. education have become amenable to global neoliberal economic educational discourses that rest on competitive global market demands. The argument outlined in this paper suggests that the approach and knowledge about and for democracy and social justice…

  16. The Impolitic Narrative of Grassroots Movements against Neoliberal De-Politicization. The Case of Commons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onofrio Romano

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The essay aims to demonstrate that the process of de-politicization does not only affect political institutions but also the inspiring narrative of grassroots and anti-systemic move-ments engaged against neoliberalism. This circumstance is one of the most important reasons why, despite the huge and persistent crisis of neoliberalism, we do not witness a real hegemonic shift, and politics continues to be a very marginal forge of social life, as the neoliberal recipe pre-scribes. De-politicization is the main effect of "horizontalism", i.e. the descriptive and normative belief that social order is and has to be the ex post result of the interaction dynamics between social actors. Thus, a social order is much more desirable insofar as it leaves out the subject "as is", promoting a process of self-revelation. Our thesis is that both neoliberalism and the largest part of anti-systemic movements who pretend to oppose to it share this basic frame. The narrative of "commons" represents a special case of what we call "conformist alternatives". It develops an ambivalent tension: on the one side the search for pre-symbolic spontaneity and, on the other, the unmentionable search for hyper-symbolism. Finally, we identify a structural and then a socio-cultural reason that currently prevent re-politicization.

  17. The Rise of Private Higher Education in Jamaica: Neo-Liberalism at Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coates, Chad O.

    2012-01-01

    The rise of private higher education in Jamaica plays a key role in expanding educational access to the masses. The shift towards the neo-liberal perspective has directed the focus of education policy reforms toward emphasizing economic efficiency, diversity in choice, and market mechanisms. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain…

  18. Neoliberalism and Higher Education: A Collective Autoethnography of Brown Women Teaching Assistants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortes Santiago, Ileana; Karimi, Nastaran; Arvelo Alicea, Zaira R.

    2017-01-01

    The neoliberal conceptualisation of institutions of higher education positions them as transnational corporations of knowledge production that sell services internationally. In this context, realities are experienced differently based on attributes such as class, gender, race, region, and increasingly religion. As a result, women in academia, but…

  19. To Be Accountable in Neoliberal Times: An Exploration of Educational Policy in Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviles, Enma Campozano; Simons, Maarten

    2013-01-01

    The ascendancy of neoliberal modes of governing has caused a shift in accountability practices in the public sector, including in the field of education. This shift can be observed in the accountability regimes introduced into education systems around the world. They reflect a strong focus on quality assurance/control and efficiency in order for…

  20. Changing Policy Levers under the Neoliberal State: Realising Coalition Policy on Education and Social Mobility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddell, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Taking recent policy on education and social mobility as a working example, this article examines developments in the mechanisms for realising policy over the past ten years, as indicative of changes in the neoliberal state. This initial analysis suggests that, despite similarities in the process of policy formation before and after the General…

  1. Neoliberal Universities and the Education of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences in Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwaruddin, Rdar M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author explores the neoliberal impacts on higher education in Bangladesh, how market-driven policies might limit the education of arts, humanities and social sciences, and whether or not this phenomenon may have consequences for the future of democracy in the country. First, the author focuses on the privatisation of higher…

  2. Post-School Horizons: New Zealand's Neo-Liberal Generation in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nairn, Karen; Higgins, Jane; Ormond, Adreanne

    2007-01-01

    Dominant conceptions of the world infuse educational experiences for young people in implicit rather than explicit ways--through becoming, as Stuart Hall argues, "the horizon of the taken-for-granted". In this article we explore these horizons as experienced by New Zealand's neo-liberal generation, currently "in transition"…

  3. Reforming the World Bank: From Social-Liberalism to Neo-Liberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girdwood, John

    2007-01-01

    Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo-liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions…

  4. The World Bank's Shift Away from Neoliberal Ideology: Real or Rhetoric?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikary, Rino Wiseman

    2012-01-01

    Some literature on World Bank education policies after 1999 tries to project a shift away of the Bank from its 1980s neoliberal mandate. This article argues that the shift is only in the form of rhetoric, which facilitates a hidden agenda of creating a worldwide higher education market, leaving the poor with primary education only. At the…

  5. Neoliberalism, Democracy and the University as a Public Sphere: An Interview with Henry A. Giroux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Victoria

    2014-01-01

    "Truthout" contributor, director of "Truthout's" Public Intellectual Project (truth-out.org/public-intellectual-project) and Truthout board member Henry A. Giroux responds to questions about how the excesses of neoliberal politics have reshaped and subverted the democratic mission of higher education.

  6. The Obama Education Files: Is There Hope to Stop the Neoliberal Agenda in Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Paul R.; Porfilio, Brad J.

    2011-01-01

    The contributors to this special issue of "The Journal of Inquiry and Action" provide insight into why the Obama administration's educational policies manifest the dominance of neoliberal ideology over most elements of social life. The articles presented in this issue build on the work originally presented in "The Phenomenon of…

  7. Orden neoliberal y reformas estructurales en la decada de 1990: un balance desde la experiencia colombiana

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jairo Estrada Álvarez

    2006-01-01

      Este trabajo tiene como propósito principal el análisis de la construcción del orden neoliberal en Colombia considerado a la luz de los procesos de reforma estructural realizados durante los tres lustros recientes...

  8. Working the "Shady Spaces": Resisting Neoliberal Hegemony in New Zealand Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMaster, Christopher

    2013-01-01

    While the chill winds of neoliberalism blow, it seems some cultures are better equipped to weather the storm. The London fog raincoat or the American Levi's denim jacket has left little insulation against the effects of a quarter century of so-called "reforms". New Zealand's Swanndri bush shirt, though not as efficient as the Finnish…

  9. The Neoliberal Food Regime: Neoregulation and the New Division of Labor in North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pechlaner, Gabriela; Otero, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    We undertake a comparative investigation of how neoliberal restructuring characterizes the third food regime in the three North American countries. By contrasting the experience of the two developed countries of the United States and Canada with that of the developing country of Mexico, we shine some empirical light on the differential impact of…

  10. Social limitations of maize farmers' adaptation to neoliberal policy reform in Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenewald, S.F.; Niehof, A.

    2015-01-01

    This article highlights the interfaces between micro-level livelihoods, social networks, and macroeconomic trends and policies. Specifically, it analyzes the role of farmer groups in livelihood adaptation of smallholder maize producers in southern Mexico. We show how neoliberal market changes have

  11. Outsourcing Extra-Curricular Activities: A Management Strategy in a Time of Neoliberal Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Shun Wing; Chan, Tsan Ming Kenneth; Yuen, Wai Kwan Gail

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on an exploratory study designed to illuminate the complexity of outsourcing extra-curricular activities (ECAs) in primary schools in a time of neoliberal influence and to examine the views of teaching professionals on the reasons, issues and considerations of outsourcing ECAs such as the dynamic…

  12. Ninjas, Zombies and Nervous Wrecks? Academics in the Neoliberal World of Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Dean

    2017-01-01

    Scholars have drawn some damning conclusions on the current state of the academy. They argue that neoliberal developments such as corporatization and privatization are undermining research and teaching quality, disrupting social relations and impacting negatively on the health and well-being of academic staff. Academia is, according to these…

  13. Neoliberal Policies and their Impact on Public Health Education: Observations on the Venezuelan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Feo

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the impact of neoliberal policies on the training of specialists in Public Health and describes the Venezuelan experience. In Venezuela, like other countries of the American continent, Public Health Schools had been transformed from institutions under the direction of the Ministry of Health to a model in which training took place under market conditions. Education in Public Health became a private good for individual consumption, and schools, lacking official funding, survived by offering courses in a market that did not necessarily respond to a country’s health needs. The conclusion discusses the currrent Venezuelan experience, in which the State has resumed control of the training of specialists in public health, making it more democratic, and adoptng an educational model centered around practice and whose purpose is the mass training of leadership teams to bolster the National Public Health System. In order to comment on the impact of neoliberal policies on training in public health we must first briefly review the following themes: 1. Basic concepts such as neoliberalism, globalization, and health systems. 2. The impact of neoliberal reforms on health. 3. The Venezuelan situation: basic principles for the training of professionals and technicians in health within the framework of a model of independent and sovereign national development. 4. Final reflections: challenges for the coming years.

  14. Neo-Liberalism and the Evolvement of China's Education Policies on Migrant Children's Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jie

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the neo-liberal policies and practice embraced in the process of the economic and social changes in China over the last three decades and their impacts on the country's education system, particularly on the compulsory education of migrant children who relocate from rural to urban China with their parents. On the basis of…

  15. (Re)Landscaping Early Childhood Education in East Asia: A Neoliberal Economic and Political Imaginary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, I-Fang

    2018-01-01

    This article unpacks how neoliberal discourse functions as a dominant but problematic system of reasoning that changes and shifts the ways in which we come to think about early childhood education and care. A post-structuralist lens is deployed to understand the production of fears and hopes under the looming shadows of contemporary education…

  16. Implementing Internationalization Policy in Higher Education Explained by Regulatory Control in Neoliberal Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Dian-Fu

    2015-01-01

    This research investigated the internationalization policy and involved evaluating the effects of policy-driven reform on universities in the context of neoliberal theory. In this study, 293 professors from various universities were invited to express their opinions on the selected indicators reflected the implementation of internationalization in…

  17. From Common Struggles to Common Dreams: Neoliberalism and Multicultural Education in a Globalized Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Pei-Lun

    2012-01-01

    Major troubling contours of neoliberalism and high-stakes education have common features. Consequently, the author discusses how multicultural education can serve as praxis for collective empowerment in a globalized context. The author asserts that equitable representation and localized multicultural knowledge production are the foundation of a…

  18. It's All about "I": Gen Ys and Neoliberal Discourse in "New Times"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alloway, Nola; Dalley-Trim, Leanne

    2009-01-01

    An Australian Research Council (ARC) project that focused on how young people see gender and geography influencing their future life plans raised questions about how Generation Ys engage with, and take up, neoliberal discourse. This paper uses data collected as part of the ARC project to explore these questions. It highlights the power and…

  19. Learning from the Neo-Liberal Movement: Towards a Global Justice Education Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltman, Kenneth J.

    2015-01-01

    This commentary suggests that a countermovement for educational and social justice must learn from the dominant global neo-liberal movement and its successes in creating institutions and knowledge-making processes and networks. Local struggles for educational justice are important, but they need to be linked to a broader educational justice…

  20. The articulation of neoliberalism: narratives of experience of chronic illness management in Bulgaria and the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vassilev, Ivaylo; Rogers, Anne; Todorova, Elka; Kennedy, Anne; Roukova, Poli

    2017-03-01

    The shift from social democratic to a neoliberal consensus in modern welfare capitalist states is characterised by an emphasis on individual responsibility, consumer choice, market rationality and growing social inequalities. There has been little exploration of how neoliberalism has shaped the environment within which chronic illness is experienced and managed. This article explores the different articulations of neoliberalism manifest in the arena of personal illness management in Bulgaria and the UK. People with type 2 diabetes discussed their experiences in terms of struggling with diet, diabetes as a personal failure, integrating illness management and valued activities, and the trustworthiness of the healthcare system. The UK narratives were framed within an individual responsibility discourse while in Bulgaria lack of resources dominated discussions, which were framed as structurally generated and unrelated to individual capabilities and choices. Respondents faced personal management challenges related to consumer and healthcare market failures in both countries. Differences in market regulation and emerging stakeholder and interest coalitions influenced users' expectations and their navigation and adaption to market failures in managing their everyday illnesses. The UK and Bulgarian articulations of neoliberalism can be described differently: the first as a logic of managed choice and the second as a logic of unmanaged consumerism. © 2016 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness.

  1. European Education Policy: A Historical and Critical Approach to Understanding the Impact of Neoliberalism in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriazu Muñoz, Rubén

    2015-01-01

    Education constitutes an essential core of the political strategies adopted in the European Union. From the Treaty of Paris in 1951, educational policy in Europe has been consolidated through a combination of programs in different levels and contexts. However, a neoliberal economic model has guided the implementation and development of these…

  2. Jersey-Style Neoliberalism: Governor Christopher Christie, Crony Capitalism, and the Politics of K-12 Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Jason P.; Strothers, Atiya S.; Lugg, Catherine A.

    2017-01-01

    In this article, Murphy, Strothers, and Lugg, focus on one urban center, Newark, as an illustrative case study of how New Jersey's brand of neoliberal politics has shaped the political agency of those who live in the communities served by New Jersey's public schools. The city, like other New Jersey locales, has had a long history of political…

  3. Desiring Machines and Nomad Spaces: Neoliberalism, Performativity and Becoming in Senior Secondary Drama Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Kirsten; Wright, Peter; Currie, Jan; Pascoe, Robin

    2017-01-01

    This paper explores Deleuze and Guattari's schizoanalysis in relation to student and teacher becomings and the way these are actualised within the neoliberal and heterosexually striated spaces of the secondary school assemblage. Deleuze and Guattari considered a narrow approach to education problematic and called for creativity as a site of…

  4. The Old Neo-Liberalism. The Neo-Liberalist Germ in Mises' and Hayek's Theories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Lamattina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available What is neo-liberalism? I’m going to affirm here that, as well as being a political doctrine born in the 1970s, neo-liberalism is the construction, the extension and the final reinforcement of a number of classical elements. My argument is that many of the typical aspects of contemporary neo-liberalism were already present in theories expressed by thinkers such as L. von Mises and F. A. von Hayek. As proof of this fact, I reclaim some characteristics of the present neo-liberal phenomenon as having been conceived by the above authors. These characteristics actually imply the ongoing spread of a dominant ideology that tends to pit the concept of liberty against those of rationality and critical consciousness. First, the article will analyse the changes that have occurred within the phenomenon of consumerism, which becomes en-twined with the competitive and entrepreneurial spirit of the individual; second, it will reflect on the wide-spread aversion to socialist policies, and in fact to all policies that provide for public intervention by the State and that change the relationship between State and economy; finally, it will relate these investiga-tions to the ideological and structural model that supports the European Union.

  5. Literacy, Knowledge Production, and Grassroots Civil Society: Constructing Critical Responses to Neoliberal Dominance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mein, Erika

    2009-01-01

    Within the context of neoliberal globalization, portrayals of "literacy" and "knowledge" are increasingly emphasized for their instrumental value for individuals and markets. At the same time, locally situated movements have emerged to challenge, resist, and transform these representations. This article examines a grassroots…

  6. Education as Recovery: Neoliberalism, School Reform, and the Politics of Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Graham B.

    2015-01-01

    Building upon critical education policy studies of crisis, disaster, and reform, this essay develops a theory of "recovery" that further elaborates the nature and operation of "crisis politics" in neoliberal education reform. Recovery is an integral process in capital accumulation, exploiting material, and subjective…

  7. Physical Education PLC: Neoliberalism, Curriculum and Governance. New Directions for PESP Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, John; Davies, Brian

    2014-01-01

    How might Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy (PESP) communities in the UK, Europe, Australasia and elsewhere go about researching the implications of neoliberalism and increasing privatisation of Education for the entitlements of young people to a common, comprehensive, high quality, equitable Physical Education (PE)? Our analyses suggest that…

  8. Against Neoliberal Pedagogies of Plants and People: Mapping Actor Networks of Biocapital in Learning Gardens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Clayton

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to answer this question: what should ecoliteracy mean in a biocapitalist society? The author situates his analysis of this question within the general context of the neoliberal reconstruction of education in the US. Specifically, focus is given to the shared model of governmentality GE food industries and education policies…

  9. Competition, the global crisis, and alternatives to neoliberal capitalism. A critical engagement with anarchism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wigger, A.; Buch-Hansen, H.

    2013-01-01

    Since the mid-1980s, and particularly throughout the first decade of the twenty-first century, the imperative of capitalist competition has become a totalizing and all-pervasive logic expanding to ever more social domains and geographical areas around the world. Sustained by neoliberal

  10. Constructing the Entrepreneurial-Self: How Catalan Textbooks Present the Neoliberal Worker to Their Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bori, Pau; Petanovic, Jelena

    2016-01-01

    Since the year 2000 and the massive arrival of immigrants to the Spanish region of Catalonia, the Catalan language has vastly augmented its number of students. In the meantime, the Catalan government continues to apply educational and language policies from the EU related to the new public management and knowledge economy. Neoliberal technologies…

  11. A Future for Adult Lifelong Education in Aotearoa New Zealand: Neoliberal or Cosmopolitan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zepke, Nick

    2009-01-01

    This paper sets out to answer two questions "Given the policy settings for lifelong learning for adults in Europe and much of the western world, what are the policy settings and experiences in Aotearoa New Zealand?" and "Will the future of adult lifelong education there be neoliberal or cosmopolitan?" The article first examines…

  12. Where English, Neoliberalism, Desire and Internationalization Are Alive and Kicking: Higher Education in Saudi Arabia Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Phan Le; Barnawi, Osman Z.

    2015-01-01

    The internationalization of higher education globally continues to grow more and more towards commercialization and neoliberalism paths, despite growing concerns about the underlying consequences. Building further on our work and using Saudi Arabia as a national case, this article critically investigates how and in what ways the Saudi government's…

  13. Is Global Neo-Liberalism Shaping the Future of Physical Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, Doune

    2014-01-01

    With claims that neo-liberalism is the "specific defining political/economic paradigm of the age in which we live?…?" [Apple, Michael. 2006. "Educating the 'Right' Way: Markets, Standards, God, and Inequality." New York: Taylor & Francis, 14.], an invited symposium at the 2012 International Convention on Science, Education…

  14. Entrepreneurial Endeavors: (Re)Producing Neoliberalization through Urban Agriculture Youth Programming in Brooklyn, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissman, Evan

    2015-01-01

    Driven by social and environmental criticism of the neoliberalization of agro-food systems, urban agriculture today enjoys renewed interest throughout the United States as a primary space to engage the politics of food. Using Brooklyn, New York as a case study, I employ mixed qualitative methods to investigate the contradictions that arise in…

  15. Neoliberal and Disciplinary Environmentality and "Sustainable Seafood" Consumption: Storying Environmentally Responsible Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloro-Bidart, Teresa

    2017-01-01

    This article invokes a neoliberal and disciplinary governmentality lens in a political ecology of education framework to analyze educational programming at Long Beach, California's Aquarium of the Pacific. I begin by briefly describing governmentality as Foucault and neo-Foucauldian scholars have theorized the concept, followed by a discussion of…

  16. Transnational pharmaceutical corporations and neo-liberal business ethics in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Mello, Bernard

    2002-03-01

    The author critiques the expedient application of market valuation principles by the transnational corporations and other large firms in the Indian pharmaceutical industry on a number of issues like patents, pricing, irrational drugs, clinical trials, etc. He contends that ethics in business is chiseled and etched within the confines of particular social structures of accumulation. An ascendant neo-liberal social structure of accumulation has basically shaped these firms' sharp opposition to the Indian Patents Act, 1970, government administered pricing, etc. The author contents that the practice of neo-liberal economics is strongly associated with a "one-dimensional" ethics that privileges market valuation principles over all others. This seems to inevitably generate a social counter-movement that struggles for social protections. He critiques neo-liberal business practices from a perspective that derives from the work of the economic anthropologist Karl Polanyi. Before the present phase of liberalization in India, markets were "managed", but without a "welfare state" in place. Moving toward deregulation of the markets without a welfare state in place is unethical. Keeping the debilities of the institutional framework of public policy in mind, the author adopts a Polanyian perspective that places its trust and hope in the growing social legitimacy of the counter-movement in opposition to both neo-liberal business practices and the degenerate behavior of state agencies.

  17. Neoliberal homophobic discourse: heteronormative human capital and the exclusion of queer citizens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, David

    2011-01-01

    In this article, I examine the relationship between homophobic language use and its broader social context, focusing on how a U.S.-based, conservative Christian organization's institutionalized homophobic text-making practices seek to derive legitimacy from the broader political economic discourses associated with the neoliberal moment. Using the Family Research Council's statement on marriage and the family as the basis for analysis, I demonstrate how the organization seeks to represent lesbian and gay subjects and their kinship formations as a threat to human capital development because they are based on affectional relationships that neither reflect nor respond to the kinds of self-governance and marketization that neoliberalism requires of all citizen-subjects and their families. Linguistic strategies for creating such representations include lexical choices that avoid overtly identifying lesbian and gay subjects as the object of discussion, the creation of a taxonomy for what constitutes "proper" families-based on neoliberal principles--that implicitly excludes lesbian and gay kinship formations, and the use of neoliberal discourses of self-governance and marketization as the basis for that exclusion.

  18. Neoliberal and Neoconservative Immiseration Capitalism in England: Policies and Impacts on Society and on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Dave; Lewis, Christine; Maisuria, Alpesh; Yarker, Patrick; Carr, Julia

    2015-01-01

    In this article we firstly set out the facts about the current stage of capitalism, the Immiseration stage of neoliberal capitalism in England. We note its relationship with conservatism and neo-conservatism. We identify increased societal inequalities, the assault by the capitalist state on its opponents, and proceed to describe and analyse what…

  19. Economic Entitlements via Entrepreneurial Conduct? Women and Financial Inclusion in Neo-liberal India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Kalpana

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the gendered local character of neoliberalism at the household level by focusing on microcredit/finance programs in India. Microfinance promoted by the state as an informal activity targeting women is intended to alleviate income inequalities, even as it contributes to maintaining the world capitalist system. In India the inception of microfinance-based Self Help Groups (SHGs or peer groups of women savers and borrowers in the 1990s has coincided with a rightward turn towards neoliberal policies of structural adjustment, privatization and economic deregulation. In this paper, I show how Indian policy makers have endeavored to make women's economic entitlements contingent upon their disciplined financial behavior and their willing participation in neoliberal agendas of creating and deepening 'self-regulating' markets at village levels. Drawing on an ethnographic study conducted in a South Indian state, I show that the community level 'neoliberal disciplining' that microfinance entails does not proceed without resistance. Whilst SHGs seek to constitute women as fiscally disciplined savers and borrowers, women stake their 'rightful' entitlement to bank credit even as they reject outright the entrepreneurial subjectivities they are expected to assume. They pursue purposes and ends that extend well beyond 'financial inclusion.'

  20. Regimes of Performance: Practices of the Normalised Self in the Neoliberal University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrissey, John

    2015-01-01

    Universities today inescapably find themselves part of nationally and globally competitive networks that appear firmly inflected by neoliberal concerns of rankings, benchmarking and productivity. This, of course, has in turn led to progressively anticipated and regulated forms of academic subjectivity that many fear are overly econo-centric in…

  1. Teaching for Humanity in a Neoliberal World: Visions of Education in Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dull, Laura J.

    2012-01-01

    In Serbia, teachers and policy makers express different and sometimes competing visions of education. Teachers express their desire to "awaken" students by using progressive pedagogies, while European Union and World Bank reformers appropriate progressive education in the service of neoliberal goals. The research findings presented here…

  2. An Epistemic Frame Analysis of Neoliberal Culture and Politics in the US, UK, and the UAE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Carol A.; Samier, Eugenie A.; Brindley, Sue; English, Fenwick W.; Carr, Nora K.

    2013-01-01

    Neoliberalism is a loosely knit bricolage from economics, politics, and various forms of reactionary populism that can be envisioned as a kind of epistemic frame in which largely counterrevolutionary forces engage in the "creative destruction" of institutional frameworks and powers, forging divisions across society that include labor and…

  3. Roll-Out Neoliberalism and Hybrid Practices of Regulation in Australian Agri-Environmental Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockie, Stewart; Higgins, Vaughan

    2007-01-01

    In the last 15 years, agri-environmental programmes in Australia have been underpinned by a neoliberal regime of governing which seeks to foster participation and "bottom-up" change at the regional level at the same time as encouraging farmers to become entrepreneurial and improve their productivity and environmental performance without…

  4. A state of limbo: the politics of waiting in neo-liberal Latvia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozoliņa-Fitzgerald, Liene

    2016-09-01

    This article presents an ethnographic study of politics of waiting in a post-Soviet context. While activation has been explored in sociological and anthropological literature as a neo-liberal governmental technology and its application in post-socialist context has also been compellingly documented, waiting as a political artefact has only recently been receiving increased scholarly attention. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork at a state-run unemployment office in Riga, this article shows how, alongside activation, state welfare policies also produce passivity and waiting. Engaging with the small but developing field of sociological literature on the politics of waiting, I argue that, rather than interpreting it as a clash between 'neo-liberal' and 'Soviet' regimes, we should understand the double-move of activation and imposition of waiting as a key mechanism of neo-liberal biopolitics. This article thus extends the existing theorizations of the temporal politics of neo-liberalism. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2016.

  5. Making Art Invisible: Visual Education and the Cultural Stagnation of Neo-Liberal Rationality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peers, Chris

    2011-01-01

    The popularity of visual literacy may have resulted, in part, from some school authorities rushing the process of determining school curriculum. This article argues that the haste is reflective of pressure placed on educational discourse to conform to neo-liberal reforms of the sector, and is not the result of a careful and complex debate within…

  6. Social Exclusion, Education and Precarity: Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism and Class War from Above

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prendergast, Louise M.; Hill, Dave; Jones, Sharon

    2017-01-01

    In this article we analyze neoliberalism and neoconservatism, their intentions and characteristics, and the relationship between them. We locate these ideologies and associated policies and discourses as part of the :class war from above" (Harvey, 2005). We critically interrogate the impact of their policies and discourses on the social…

  7. The Conservative Response to the 2011 Chilean Student Movement: Neoliberal Education and Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabalin, Cristian

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the relationship between the media and educational policies in the context of the "neoliberal newspeak," which has characterized the current circulation of ideas in cultural production. Using framing theory, this article presents a critical discourse analysis on the editorials published about the 2011 student…

  8. The Spirit of Aggieland: Neoliberalism, Militarization, and Football Culture at Texas A&M University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ternes, Neal

    2016-01-01

    Significant scholarship exists indicating an increase in militarization within the neoliberal university (see Armitage 2005; Giroux 2008; Giroux 2013), which has transformed the academic institution into "a factory that is engaged in the militarization of knowledge, namely, in the militarization of the facts, information and abilities…

  9. Neoliberalism, Human Capital and the Skills Agenda in Higher Education--The Irish Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holborow, Marnie

    2012-01-01

    The making of human capital is increasingly seen as a principal function of higher education. A keyword in neoliberal ideology, human capital represents a subtle masking of social conflict and expresses metaphorically the commodification of human abilities and an alienating notion of human potential, both of which sit ill with the goals of…

  10. Pentecostalism and neo-liberal capitalism: faith, prosperity and vision in African pentecostal-charismatic churches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meyer, B.

    2007-01-01

    Focusing on the phenomenal popularity of Pentecostal-Charismatic Churches (PCCs) in Africa, this article addresses the apparent consonance between the rise of this type of Christianity and the spread of neo-liberal capitalism. It is argued that Max Weber’s Protestant Ethic can serve as a source of

  11. The "Others" in Sweden. Neoliberal Policies and the Politics of "Race" in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulinari, Diana; Neergaard, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Migration and neo-liberal restructuring are two of the most discussed phenomena with regard to globalisation. In this article, the authors have sought links between these processes in a Swedish context and the experiences of racialised as they spoke about schooling and the role of parents in their educational situation. The aim of the article is…

  12. O modelo neoliberal e suas repercussões para a saúde do trabalhador de enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Gleidson de Azevedo Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    O objeto deste estudo são as repercussões do modelo neoliberal na saúde dos trabalhadores de enfermagem que atuam no contexto hospitalar. Os objetivos foram: (I) identificar as características do modelo produtivo neoliberal no trabalho hospitalar e de enfermagem; (II) analisar as implicações do neoliberalismo no processo saúde-doença dos trabalhadores de enfermagem; e (III) propor recomendações à organização do trabalho para minimização dos efeitos do modelo neoliberal na saúde desses trabalh...

  13. Mida õpetab Argentina finantskriis? / Karsten Staehr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Staehr, Karsten, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Norra majandusanalüütik kirjeldab Argentina majanduspoliitikat, analüüsib tehtud vigu ning hoiatab avatud majandusega Eestit võimalike tulevaste välisshokkide eest. Diagramm: SKP kasv ja üleüldine riigieelarve tasakaal 1991-2001 Argentinas

  14. The Stenopodainae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) of Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diez, Fernando; Coscarón, María del Carmen

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In Argentina, 10 genera and 33 species of Stenopodainae (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) have been recorded. Diagnoses of the genera, subgenera and species are given, and an illustrated key to genera is provided. Six species are new records for Argentina and an additional seven species represent new records for provinces. PMID:25493054

  15. Liberalism - neoliberalism - market fundamentalism: from the concept of freedom to the totalitarian dogma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Chelischev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article further describes the ideological, historical, socio-political and economic circumstances, responsible for the specific direction of a new form of the ideology of liberalism - contemporary liberalism (neo-liberalism. The special attention, along with the analysis of the ideas of the founder of original theory of the state intervention in the economic life of the society of John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946, is given to “neoliberal” economic constructions of an ideological orientation of Friedrich August von Hayek (1899-1992 and Milton Friedman (1912-2006, defenders of a liberal principle of self-regulation of economy, free from any regalements. The author, on the basis of the analysis of primary sources and examples from a political and social life of some States, shows that in theory the resurgence of liberalism in the form of neo-liberalism personified the idea of the priority of the individual to society and the State, the market - before planning and regulation, the human rights - before the power authority and the team. However in practice this revival was accompanied by displacement of accents and growth of ideological tendencies. Thus, theorists and practitioners of neo-liberalism lined up quite utopian model not only of economic, but also of social relations. Article details the mechanisms by which the theoretical constructions of economists-neoliberals were emasculated by politicians who gradually reduced them to the primitive and convenient theses, justifying any actions of the authorities. Over time, these points have become “undeniable truths”, through which neo-liberalism became dogmatic, and its economic credo has got obvious fundamentalist character, having turned to market dogma of totalitarian type.

  16. Tortugas marinas en aguas argentinas

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez Carman, V.; Mianzan, H.; Bruno, I.; Prosdocimi, L.; Albareda, D.; Campagna, C.

    2012-01-01

    Con la ayuda de los sensores remotos y los sistemas de posicionamiento geográfico, los científicos están descubriendo varias facetas sobre las vida de las tortugas marinas. Se describe el método para realizar el siguimiento satelital, sus migraciones, y se dan las características de las especies de tortugas marinas encontradas en aguas costeras de la Argentina. Este trabajo de divulgación científica hace hincapié en la importancia de su conservación, según la Unión Internacional para la Conse...

  17. Argentina. Libertad de Prensa recortada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Socco

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available A decir del autor y la opinión de la SIP la libertad de prensa y la empresa en Argentina están bastante limitadas. Señala la trayectoria vivida por la libertad de prensa en los diferentes gobiernos. Acusa de que no existe Legislación para obtener información de los distintos poderes del Estado no hay ley para la publicidad etc. Comenta además sobre el caso de Gustavo Sierra y el Clarín.

  18. Bioceres: AG Biotechnology from Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Feeney

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this case we present a business decision-making situation in which the CEO of an Argentine Ag Biotech company, Bioceres, has to decide the best way to commercialize a new drought-tolerant transgenic technology. The company was founded by twenty three farmers, who shared a common dream that Argentina could become a benchmark in the development of Ag biotechnology. The case has strategic and financial implications, as well as decision-making situation involving a joint venture with an American biotechnology company. It also introduces to discussion the business models of Ag biotechnology companies in developing countries.

  19. Same-Sex Adoption as a Welfare Alternative? Conservatism, Neoliberal Values, and Support for Adoption by Same-Sex Couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Samuel L; Whitehead, Andrew L

    2015-01-01

    Despite conservatives' long-term opposition to gay and lesbian parenting, scholars theorize that a strong commitment to neoliberalism may influence conservative Americans to become more tolerant of same-sex adoption as a way to relieve the government from subsidizing poor families. Drawing on national survey data (2010 Baylor Religion Survey), we test whether holding neoliberal values is associated with greater support for same-sex adoption in general and across political or religious conservatives. We find no support for either theory-emphatically the opposite, in fact. Neoliberal values are negatively associated with support for same-sex adoption for Americans in general and among political and religious conservatives. We find little evidence of a tension among conservatives regarding same-sex adoption as both their neoliberal values and moral beliefs incline them to oppose same-sex adoption along with other same-sex family relationships.

  20. Economic Utopia. A Genealogical Study of Gary Becker’s Neoliberalism in Connection with Jeremy Bentham’s Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Buono

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to describe the genealogy of the neoliberal thinking, starting from the texts of Gary Becker. In this way the neoliberal economics thought is explained in the light of scientific revolution and mathematization of nature, from which it descends. Such path will lead to Jeremy Bentham, whose philosophical system is often considered as forerunner of neoliberal position. According to the thesis of the author, neoliberal economists feature theri sight as a neutral and scientific description of reality, despite of its normative vocation. This is how they map out a construction which is also prescriptive, propounding a political model; such a model is here named «economic utopia».

  1. Smallholder Livelihood Adaptation in the Context of Neoliberal Policy Reforms: A Case of Maize Farmers in Southern Veracruz, Mexico.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenewald, S.F.; Berg, van den M.M.

    2012-01-01

    Governments around the world have embraced trade liberalisation as a means of enhancing efficiency to realise economic growth and alleviate poverty. Likewise, the Mexican government implemented neoliberal policy reforms, the NAFTA in particular, to stimulate sustainable development. Using the

  2. El movimiento social de 1995 en Francia contra el neoliberalismo/The social movement of 1995 in France against neoliberalism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Josep María Antentas Collderram

    2016-01-01

    ... were the first great revolt against neoliberalism in a European country. Public sector workers were the core of a protest movement based in an articulated combination of strikes and demonstrations...

  3. A globalização dos movimentos sociais: resposta social à Globalização Corporativa Neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Siqueira

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta, inicialmente, definições propostas para o termo Globalização Corporativa Neoliberal ou globalização neoliberal. Em seguida discute os principais problemas e impactos da globalização neoliberal identificados pelos movimentos sociais e intelectuais que propõem alternativas ao modelo neoliberal global, conhecido como movimento antiglobalização, "globalização por debaixo" ou das bases ("grassroots" globalization. Esses movimentos sociais se organizam, com freqüência, como redes de movimentos sociais articulados globalmente. A abordagem acerca do surgimento dessas redes é feita a partir de uma breve revisão das proposicões feitas por estudiosos das estruturas e dinâmicas de redes sociais. O artigo é concluído com sugestões de elementos para um programa alternativo ao neoliberalismo global.

  4. A globalização dos movimentos sociais: resposta social à Globalização Corporativa Neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siqueira Carlos Eduardo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta, inicialmente, definições propostas para o termo Globalização Corporativa Neoliberal ou globalização neoliberal. Em seguida discute os principais problemas e impactos da globalização neoliberal identificados pelos movimentos sociais e intelectuais que propõem alternativas ao modelo neoliberal global, conhecido como movimento antiglobalização, "globalização por debaixo" ou das bases ("grassroots" globalization. Esses movimentos sociais se organizam, com freqüência, como redes de movimentos sociais articulados globalmente. A abordagem acerca do surgimento dessas redes é feita a partir de uma breve revisão das proposicões feitas por estudiosos das estruturas e dinâmicas de redes sociais. O artigo é concluído com sugestões de elementos para um programa alternativo ao neoliberalismo global.

  5. Health Reform and its Impact on Healthcare Workers: A Case Study of the National Clinical Hospital of Cordova, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Álvarez

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the mid 1990’s, health in Argentina has no longer been considered a social function of the State but was transformed into a market commodity. Neoliberal decentralization favored the introduction of corporate methods and incentivized privatization. In practice, this led to self-management for hospitals, deregulation of social services and incorporation of private capital to the public health business. This exploratory study looks at the impact of these reforms in the public health services sector. It analyzes living and working conditions, changes produced in the organization of work and their effect on labor relations and on participation in union, political and social activities by workers at the National Clinical Hospital of Cordoba, Argentina. Data was primarily collected through an interview survey of a convenience sample of 68 workers from the non-teaching staff; this represents 10% of the total professional, administrative and maintenance staff of the hospital. The interviews demonstrate deterioration in income and living conditions. Hospital self-management for these workers led to increased competition, the fragmentation in the work spaces, tension and the distrust between co-workers, as well as increased intensity in the workload of some employees. The profile of these healthcare workers is structured and marked by silence, the resolution of the conflicts by means of individual action in the workplace, and minimal participation in social-political-union or community organizations.

  6. Neoliberalism and the Unfolding Patterns of Young People’s Political Engagement and Political Participation in Contemporary Britain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Hart

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Recent trends suggest that young people in Britain are increasingly rejecting electoral politics. However, evidence suggests that British youth are not apolitical, but are becoming ever more sceptical of the ability of electoral politics to make a meaningful contribution to their lives. Why young people are adopting new political behaviour and values, however, is still a point of contention. Some authors have suggested that neoliberalism has influenced these new patterns of political engagement. This article will advance this critique of neoliberalism, giving attention to three different facets of neoliberalism and demonstrate how they combine to reduce young people’s expectations of political participation and their perceptions of the legitimacy of political actors. We combine ideational and material critiques to demonstrate how young people’s political engagement has been restricted by neoliberalism. Neoliberalism has influenced youth political participation through its critiques of collective democracy, by the subsequent transformations in political practice that it has contributed to, and through the economic marginalisation that has resulted from its shaping of governments’ monetary policy. This approach will be conceptually predicated on a definition of neoliberalism which acknowledges both its focus on reducing interventions in the economy, and also its productive capacity to modify society to construct market relations and galvanise competition amongst agents. From this definition, we develop the argument that neoliberal critiques of democracy, the subsequent changes in political practices which respond to these criticisms and the transformation in socioeconomic conditions caused by neoliberalism have coalesced to negatively influence young people’s electoral participation.

  7. Sistema de salud de Argentina The health system of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Belló

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe el sistema de salud de Argentina, que está compuesto por tres sectores: público, de seguridad social y privado. El sector público está integrado por los ministerios nacional y provincial, y la red de hospitales y centros de salud públicos que prestan atención gratuita a toda persona que lo demande, fundamentalmente a personas sin seguridad social y sin capacidad de pago. Se financia con recursos fiscales y recibe pagos ocasionales de parte del sistema de seguridad social cuando atiende a sus afiliados. El sector del seguro social obligatorio está organizado en torno a las Obras Sociales (OS, que aseguran y prestan servicios a los trabajadores y sus familias. La mayoría de las OS operan a través de contratos con prestadores privados y se financian con contribuciones de los trabajadores y patronales. El sector privado está conformado por profesionales de la salud y establecimientos que atienden a demandantes individuales, a los beneficiarios de las OS y de los seguros privados. Este sector también incluye entidades de seguro voluntario llamadas Empresas de Medicina Prepaga que se financian sobre todo con primas que pagan las familias y/o las empresas. En este trabajo también se describen las innovaciones recientes en el sistema de salud, incluyendo el Programa Remediar.This paper describes the health system of Argentina.This system has three sectors: public, social security and private.The public sector includes the national and provincial ministries as well as the network of public hospitals and primary health care units which provide care to the poor and uninsured population. This sector is financed with taxes and payments made by social security beneficiaries that use public health care facilities. The social security sector or Obras Sociales (OS covers all workers of the formal economy and their families. Most OS operate through contracts with private providers and are financed with payroll

  8. El desvanecimiento del discurso nacional popular en la Argentina (1988-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Fair

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo analiza las características y los principales cambios, continuidades y reformulaciones ideológicas de las discursividades de los actores sociopolíticos clave de la Argentina, entre el período inmediatamente previo y la etapa de sedimentación de la hegemonía menemista, de modo tal de incorporar algunos elementos explicativos de la eficacia de la hegemonía neoliberal en la Argentina. Para ello, realiza un pormenorizado estudio de las discursividades público- mediáticas, tomando como eje un análisis comparado del período 1988-1993. El marco teórico metodológico se basa en la teoría del discurso de Ernesto Laclau. Las fuentes se concentran en los medios gráficos, analizando un corpus de discursos sobre temas políticos, en sentido amplio, en la medida en que son reproducidos en los principales diarios de circulación nacional (Clarín, La Nación y Página 12. La estrategia metodológica consiste en analizar la estructuración de las cadenas equivalenciales y las fronteras políticas, reconstruyendo paquetes de discursos, agrupados según regularidades observables. Se analizaron los discursos sobre el total de los mismos, incluyendo también el análisis en términos individualizados y colectivos. La hipótesis referida al desvanecimiento del discurso nacional popular fue confirmada, manteniéndose sólo residuos de este discurso en la etapa de sedimentación de la hegemonía menemista. En ese marco, el menemismo obtuvo un considerable éxito para modificar las identidades y tradiciones existentes y construir un nuevo sentido común en torno al neoliberalismo.

  9. Energy solutions, neo-liberalism, and social diversity in Toronto, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teelucksingh, Cheryl; Poland, Blake

    2011-01-01

    In response to the dominance of green capitalist discourses in Canada's environmental movement, in this paper, we argue that strategies to improve energy policy must also provide mechanisms to address social conflicts and social disparities. Environmental justice is proposed as an alternative to mainstream environmentalism, one that seeks to address systemic social and spatial exclusion encountered by many racialized immigrants in Toronto as a result of neo-liberal and green capitalist municipal policy and that seeks to position marginalized communities as valued contributors to energy solutions. We examine Toronto-based municipal state initiatives aimed at reducing energy use while concurrently stimulating growth (specifically, green economy/green jobs and 'smart growth'). By treating these as instruments of green capitalism, we illustrate the utility of environmental justice applied to energy-related problems and as a means to analyze stakeholders' positions in the context of neo-liberalism and green capitalism, and as opening possibilities for resistance.

  10. Breaking the Bank & Taking to the Streets: How Protesters Target Neoliberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley J. Wood

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses a set of 467 local protests that took place against neoliberalism on 5 global days of action between 1998 and 2001 and ?nds that the targets of protest di?er on each continent. The majority target either the global institutions of neoliberalism, such as the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization or the Group of 8, or neglect to identify a single institutional target. However, the most popular local target in Africa and Asia is national or local government. In Latin America protests are most likely to target banks or stock exchanges, and in the US, Canada and Europe, corporations. The sources of such variation lie in pre-existing political repertoires, transnational organizational networks, and processes of structural equivalence that underlie di?usion patterns.

  11. New Heroines of Labour: Domesticating Post-feminism and Neoliberal Capitalism in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmenniemi, Suvi; Adamson, Maria

    2015-02-01

    In recent years, post-feminism has become an important element of popular media culture and the object of feminist cultural critique. This article explores how post-feminism is domesticated in Russia through popular self-help literature aimed at a female audience. Drawing on a close reading of self-help texts by three best-selling Russian authors, the article examines how post-feminism is made intelligible to the Russian audience and how it articulates with other symbolic frameworks. It identifies labour as a key trope through which post-feminism is domesticated and argues that the texts invite women to invest time and energy in the labour of personality, the labour of femininity and the labour of sexuality in order to become 'valuable subjects'. The article demonstrates that the domestication of post-feminism also involves the domestication of neoliberal capitalism in Russia, and highlights how popular psychology, neoliberal capitalism and post-feminism are symbiotically related.

  12. Chicago neoliberalism versus Cowles planning: perspectives on patents and public goods in Cold War economic thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Horn, Robert; Klaes, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    In post-Sputnik America, when many policymakers and social scientists feared the Soviet Union had a technological advantage over the United States, assessing the relative importance of patents for inventive activity and examining whether scientific research constituted a public good were paramount concerns. The neoliberals of the University of Chicago and the planners of the Cowles Commission both spoke to these issues. This paper sheds light on their views on patents and public goods in the late 1950s and early 1960s by examining representatives of Cowles and Chicago, Kenneth Arrow and Ronald Coase, respectively. Furthermore, it evaluates whether their views on patents and public goods clashed with the interests of RAND, at which both Arrow and Coase worked at some point during this time period. The paper argues that the Chicago-neoliberal position of Coase undermined the interests of RAND, while the Cowles-planning conclusions of Arrow furthered those interests. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. El padecimiento de la felicidad neoliberal. Algunas perspectivas del terror sociopolítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freddy Timmermann

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza una emoción, el miedo, uno específico desarrollado en los actuales contextos de la historia reciente de Chile entre los años 1973 y 2015, el terror. Para ello se describe el contexto neoliberal chileno en su fase final, desde 1990, y se trabaja el grado de conciencia del proceso de formación del terror, desde la neurofisiología y funcionamiento de la memoria y, en directa relación, el acto de consumo (consumo mimético y los afectos a la espera involucrados. Se pretende así comprender como por medio de un consenso centrado en el terror, en un sistema sociopolítico neoliberal que presenta débiles espacios democráticos liberales, sociales de arraigo comunitario para sus ciudadanos y de explotación económica, un individuo puede padecer felicidad.

  14. The Neoliberal Circulation of Affects: Happiness, accessibility and the capacitation of disability as wheelchair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Fritsch

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The International Symbol of Access (ISA produces, capacitates, and debilitates disability in particular ways and is grounded by a happy affective economy that is embedded within neoliberal capitalism. This production of disability runs counter to the dismantling of ableism and compulsory able-bodiedness. In charting the development of the modern wheelchair, the rise of disability rights in North America, and the emergence of the ISA as a universally acceptable representation of access for disabled people, I argue that this production of disability serves a capacitating function for particular forms of impairment. These capacitated forms are celebrated through a neoliberal economy of inclusion. I conclude by critically approaching the happy affects of the ISA, including the way in which the symbol creates a sense of cruel optimism for disabled people.

  15. The Murderous State: The Naturalisation of Violence and Exclusion in the Films of Neoliberal Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Stratton

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In common with many other Western countries, neoliberalism has become the dominant political philosophy in Australia since the 1980s. With the election of the John Howard-led Coalition in 1996 this impact has been reinforced. This article explores the neoliberal values appearing in Australian cultural productions through a number of popular Australian films from 2005 and 2006: The Proposition, Kenny, Jindabyne and Suburban Mayhem. The article discusses the nature of the proposition in The Proposition, the serial killers in Wolf Creek and Jindabyne, who remain at large, and the murder in Suburban Mayhem for which the wrong person is convicted and the real perpetrators are able to enjoy the fruits of their crime.

  16. Critique of the „official critique” of neoliberal reforms in higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oskar Szwabowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I criticise theoretical structure which is employed in critiquesof higher education reforms within the domain of pedagogy. I argue thatcritique of neoliberalism in education doesn’t recognise the dynamics of change and„necessity” of transformation. Both critique and defense of neoliberal reforms donot transcend capitalist „separation” and institutionalization typical of particularorders. In practical terms, it results in reactive resistance, either in the form of defenseof privileges of „leisure class or attempt to brink back the period of „class compromise”.In this way, it is not able to develop a radical practice, transcend „ideologicalstate apparatus” and produce a radical practice as well as education based on democracyand equality.

  17. Global cities rankings. A research agenda or a neoliberal urban planning tool?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cándida Gago García

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper contains a theoretical reflection about the methodology and meaning given to the global city rankings. There is a very large academic production about the role that some cities have in global territorial processes, which has been related to the concept of global city. Many recent contributions from the mass media, advertising and consulting services must be considered also in the analysis. All of them have included new indicators in order to show the main role that cultural services have acquired in the urban economy. Also the city rankings are being used as a tool in neoliberal policies. These policies stress the position that cities have in the rankings, which are used in practices of city-branding and to justify the neoliberal decisions that are being taken. In fact, we think that rankings are used inappropriately and that it is necessary a deep and new reflection about them.

  18. Neoliberal natures on the farm: Farmer autonomy and cooperation in comparative perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Stock, Paul V.; Forney, Jérémie; Emery, Steven B.; Wittman, Hannah

    2014-01-01

    The struggle over autonomy in farming is emblematic of the philosophical and practical tensions inherent in solving multi-scalar environmental issues. We explore the multiplicities of autonomy through comparative case studies of agricultural cooperation in England, Switzerland, New Zealand, and Brazil, which allow consideration of the implications of a range of approaches to managing farmed environments under different variations of neoliberalism. The original data emerge from separate projec...

  19. El pensamiento "economicista", base ideológica del modelo neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Marsi

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo propone una reflexión crítica sobre cómo puede enfocarse el estudio de la ideología dominante del modelo neoliberal. A partir de un análisis de los rasgos propios de la llamada sociedad postmoderna, se estudian los aspectos fundamentales del pensamiento “economicista”, fundación ideológica y axiológica sobre la que descansa el poder de las élites económicas dominantes. Dentro de este marco analítico, se hace especial hincapié en el papel desempeñado por las multinacionales para la elaboración e implementación del proyecto ideológico neoliberal, pero sin olvidar que la labor de dichas empresas forma parte de un intenso y coherente “trabajo de equipo”, llevado a cabo por múltiples y variadas instituciones políticas, sociales, económicas y culturales._____________________ABSTRACT:This paper intends to study the predominant ideology of neoliberalism. Starting from the analysis of the features of the so called post-modern society, it studies the nature of the “economicism”, that is, the ideological and axiological foundation on which the economic elites build their political power. This paper stresses, in particular, the role of the multinational companies to conceive and to implement the ideological strategies of the neoliberal system. However, it also emphasizes that the task of the multinational firms is only one part of a wider “teamwork”, carried out by a complex network of political, social, economic and cultural institutions.

  20. Audience Participation and Neoliberal Value: Risk, Agency and Responsibility in Immersive Theatre

    OpenAIRE

    Alston, A

    2013-01-01

    This article identifies a value set shared between the neoliberal ethos and modes of audience participation frequently promoted in immersive theatre: values such as risk-taking, individual freedoms and personal responsibility. The promotion of self-made opportunity, premised either on opportunistic risk-taking, or the savvy attitude that comes with experience and familiarity with immersive theatre participation, will be addressed as valorising another shared value: entrepreneurialism. A parti...

  1. The world of water, or testing neoliberalism: Is water a common good or private property?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lošonc Alpar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The backbone of neoliberalisation is privatization of common goods from the perspective of market naturalization and creation of a specific resource regime. It is of important to emphasis that neoliberalism coexists with other societal projects and we are witnessing simultaneity amongst different projects. The naturalization of market structures and identification of market with competition produce intensified risk-related consequences for the society; actually, neoliberalism exposes the society to environmental risks with a number of concrete examples. The author analyses the importance of water resources from the economic perspective, especially with regard to the neoliberal perspectives on water resources. The modalities of market-based usage of water are presented, constituting the property-rights regime. It is argued that an unconditional, socially irresponsible privatization does not take into account community-related management of common pools and dogmatically acknowledges only state and private forms of property. Such a critical view is supported with considerations that a the ongoing form of economic globalization does not maintain the development of the green market b water is a common good embedded in cultural and political relationships and filled with symbolic meanings. The impasse concerning the status of water takes place in the context where the Washington-consensus proved to be defective. At the same there is no other coherently formulated corpus of ideas to substitute the neoliberal canon. Water as a common good needs normative engagement and ecological economy has a task to participate in determination of sustainable levels of costs and prices of water resources.

  2. The Impact of neoliberalism's ethics of individual competition on auditor's social responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warming-Rasmussen, Bent; Windsor, Carolyn

    ’ moral reasoning. In contrast, moral reasoning is negatively associated with the expert competitor subculture, suggesting these values contradict auditors’ ethicality. Leadership should manage these divergent subcultures to avoid cultural dissonance, which often results in high staff turnover......Abstract Purpose – This paper examines neoliberalism’s supreme ethic of individual competition and its impact on the auditing profession’s social responsibility to independently audit the veracity of corporate disclosure. Design/methodology/approach – First, the paper critically examines neoliberal...

  3. El golpe de abril: el Estado nacional venezolano ante la globalización neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Honorio Martinez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El golpe de abril fue una coyuntura en la que midieron fuerzas dos bloques políticos, la burguesía aliada a los intereses corporativos de los monopolios transnacionales y el bloque nacional popular representado por el gobierno y las organizaciones populares que le respaldaron. El transcurso y desenlace de los acontecimientos mostró que los antagonismos corrieron por diversos frentes, el militar, el de la movilización callejera, el mediático y el institucional. ¿Qué significó el golpe de abril en términos del desenvolvimiento de la lucha de clases en Venezuela? ¿En qué medida los antagonismos entre el bloque opositor y el bloque gubernamental reflejaron la contradicción entre el estado nacional y la globalización neoliberal? Estas preguntas serán el objeto de estudio de este artículo.  Palabras claves: golpe de abril, globalización neoliberal, estado nacional, lucha de clases   ________________________________  Abstract  The coup d’état in April was a moment in which two political forces measured their power. One force was represented the bourgeoisie allied with corporative interests from transnational monopolies, the other one was the national popular group represented by the Government and the popular organizations that support such a Government. The antagonisms were carried out by different fronts: the military front, the mass media front, the popular mobilization on the streets, and the institutional front. What did the coup d’état in April in terms of the classes struggle in Venezuela mean? How did the antagonisms between the opponent group and the Governmental one reflect the contradictions between National-States and neoliberal globalization? These questions will be answered in this study.   Keywords: Coup d’April, neoliberal globalization, National-State, classes struggle

  4. Informal and Illicit Entrepreneurs: Fighting for a Place in the Neoliberal Economic Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galemba, Rebecca B

    2008-01-01

    A panel at the 2007 meetings of the American Anthropological Association examined the working lives of illicit and informal entrepreneurs living in "the gaps" or "shadows" of neoliberal globalization. Panelists challenged dichotomies such as informal/formal and legal/illegal by examining the everyday practices of workers in diverse settings. Emphasis was placed on entrepreneurs' efforts to legitimate their activities and identities to themselves and others.

  5. Governing the Modern, Neoliberal Child through ICT Research in Mathematics Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valero, Paola; Knijnik, Gelsa

    2015-01-01

    Research on the pedagogical uses of ICT for the learning of mathematics formulates cultural thesis about the desired subject of education and society, and thereby contribute to fabricate the rational, Modern, self-regulated, entrepreneurial neoliberal child. Using the Foucauldian notion...... of governmentality, the section Technology in the mathematics curriculum in the Third International Mathematics Education Research Handbook is discursively analyzed. We problematize how mathematics education research on ICT devices pedagogical technologies that steer the conduct of children to become the desired...

  6. Lessons of Global Neo-liberalism? The East Asian Economic Crisis Reconsidered

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, David A

    1999-01-01

    This paper begins with some comments on the way globalization has been linked to neo-liberal ideology. Then, the discussion shifts to East Asian (and specifically South Korean) political economy. Premised on an appreciation of the distinctiveness of the East Asia situation and economic trajectory, I will move into discussion of three key points about economic governance/organization: 1) foreign direct investment or, the historical lack thereof, during the decades of growth, 2) continuing te...

  7. Neoliberal Policies and their Impact on Public Health Education: Observations on the Venezuelan Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Feo

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of neoliberal policies on the training of specialists in Public Health and describes the Venezuelan experience. In Venezuela, like other countries of the American continent, Public Health Schools had been transformed from institutions under the direction of the Ministry of Health to a model in which training took place under market conditions. Education in Public Health became a private good for individual consumption, and schools, lacking official funding, s...

  8. Pobreza, racismo y competitividad. El ordenamiento urbano neoliberal en Cartagena de Indias

    OpenAIRE

    Dairo Sánchez Mojica

    2015-01-01

    El art culo propone un an lisis del discurso neoliberal sobre la plani caci n del ordenamiento urbano de Cartagena de Indias. Pa ra ello, se vale de la categor a de intertextualidad para ex- plorar las articulaciones que relacionan la prensa escrita nacional con algunos instrumentos de plani caci n urbana. Esto le permite indagar por sus efectos pol ticos de verdad sobre la gesti n gubernamental de la pobreza. Concluye que las implicaciones pol ticas...

  9. Reflecting on Vancouver’s Current Youth Media Funding Trends in the Context of Neoliberalism

    OpenAIRE

    Daviau Dempsey, Sophie Rose

    2016-01-01

    Youth media organizations and programs in Vancouver provide diverse opportunities for youth. However, my thesis argues that neoliberalism and discourses about the information society and creative industries have shaped youth media funding since the 1990s. Through interviewing youth media representatives in Vancouver, my findings indicate that these funding trends create a number of challenges for youth media organizations and programs. Organizations face precarious funding, have to rely on un...

  10. Os pontos de virada na formação do professor universitário: um estudo sobre o mecanismo da identificação The "turning points" in the formation of the university teacher: a study of the mechanism of identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Rosa Riolfi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objeto a formação do professor universitário. Volta-se para a elucidação das seguintes questões: a os avanços para a compreensão da natureza do percurso a ser trilhado para que se instale, no professor universitário em formação, um desejo que encontre seu norte no ato de ensinar que são possíveis de se levar em consideração, ao tomar em consideração a psicanálise lacaniana; e b a configuração dos pontos de virada por meio dos quais um sujeito em formação vem a construir um lugar singular de onde possa criar um trabalho próprio de professor universitário. Postula a necessidade do ultrapassamento do que estamos chamando de pontos de virada para que aquele que está em um percurso de formação, para se tornar professor universitário, possa vir a criar um espaço próprio para o exercício da docência, fundando, portanto, a possibilidade da re-invenção de um si próprio. Para tal fim, estamos recorrendo ao conceito de identificação - tal qual é visto na psicanálise de orientação lacaniana - para elucidar a experiência decorrida no âmbito do Programa de Aperfeiçoamento de Ensino (PAE, ao longo de 2005, em duas disciplinas (cujos alunos são prioritariamente oriundos da graduação em Lingüística da Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas da USP, que têm a carga horária de 120 horas cada uma (60 em sala de aula e 60 de estágio supervisionado.This article takes as its object the formation of the university teacher, turning its attention to the elucidation of the following issues: a the developments in the understanding of the nature of the path to be followed so as to instill in the university teacher under formation a will oriented towards the act of teaching, developments that can be assessed from the perspective of Lacanian psychoanalysis; and b the configuration of "turning points" after which a subject under formation builds a singular place where it is possible to

  11. Authoritarian populism contra "Bildung": anti-intellectualism and the neoliberal assault on the Liberal Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremiah Morelock

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A synergistic movement is taking place in American society combining authoritarian populism, the neoliberal transformation of the university, and anti-intellectualism. In the first part of this paper, I pin my notion of intellectualism (and hence anti-intellectualism to a specific frame of reference, namely the German notion of "Bildung" as it is discussed in writings of Nietzsche and Adorno, which I associate loosely with the traditional American liberal arts model of higher education. In the second part of the paper, I outline the neoliberal assault on the liberal arts, rooting my analysis in Wendy Brown’s work, which is influenced by Foucault. In the third part of the paper, I describe the relationship of this anti-intellectualism to the rise of populism and the threat of authoritarianism in the United States. In the final section I tie the discussion into the general analysis of Horkheimer and Adorno’s analysis of fascist tendencies in liberal-democracies, emphasizing the continued relevance of their ideas to contemporary developments in education and beyond. Keywords: Liberal arts; Neoliberalism; Intellectuals; Populism; Authoritarianism.

  12. Extreme geographies: a response from a dependent semi-periphery of the post-neoliberal Europe

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    James Riding

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available We live in a time of paranoid borderism, a time of intense paranoia of the Other, and a time where the privileging of the nation state as the symbolic container of space, our territory, seems to have made a lurid return to the European continent. The consequences of this socio-spatial ordering and othering, the legacy of Euclidian thinking, and Cartesian models of knowing the world, can become an extreme geography: a form of cartographic cleansing that seriously needs to be addressed. In this short response to the Fennia Lecture given by Professor Henk van Houtum on Extreme Geographies, I offer a report from a region that has become a dependent semi-periphery of the new largely neoliberal Europe that emerged post-1989: a new Europe that is now entering a post-neoliberal era and is becoming increasingly neofascist. I draw from this region as a warning from history, and argue that the hopeful politics of the New Left in the former Yugoslavia provide an answer. The New Left, as it has been termed, in the Post-Yugoslav space, articulates the need for a new radically democratic European project: a project that is no longer neoliberal, but equally a project that does not turn to a nostalgic nationalism, a neofascism, or indeed any other form of authoritarian capitalism.

  13. Propping up pharma's (natural) neoliberal phallic man: pharmaceutical representations of the ideal sexuopharmaceutical user.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurevich, Maria; Leedham, Usra; Brown-Bowers, Amy; Cormier, Nicole; Mercer, Zara

    2017-04-01

    Contemporary social theorists emphasise the cultural quest for authenticity under conditions of increasing artificiality. Within this context, the body is commonly treated as an 'unfinished' surface requiring ongoing transformation to fulfil identity obligations. In this paper, we examine one such identity authentication project in the form of marketing of men's sexuopharmaceuticals. We use online pharmaceutical advertising for four approved sexuopharmaceuticals (Viagra, Cialis, STAXYN and Stendra) to describe the ideal neoliberal consumer. These campaigns underscore the robust role of pharmaceuticals in sexual authentication projects undergirded by neoliberal consumerist and aspirationalist ideals. Penile dependability as a luxury consumerist project reinvigorates traditional sexual (masculine) authentication as yoked to phallic control, by repackaging sexual enhancement medication use as a neoliberal beacon of aspirational achievements. The ideal targeted user is increasingly younger, and consumption of sexuopharmaceuticals is represented as achieving elite status and exclusive pleasures; masculine authenticity and choice; progressive relationships and a contemporary urban, fast-paced life; and a prepared yet spontaneous romantic sexuality. Women are also increasingly used in promotional materials directed at men; their responsibility centres on coaching and coaxing potential users.

  14. EXPO 2015 as a Laboratory for Neoliberalization. Great Exhibitions, Urban Value Dispossession and New Labor Relations

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    Emanuele Leonardi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Great Exhibitions provide analytical lenses whereby capitalist development can be read from material as well as intangible perspectives. Thus, the paper approaches Milan EXPO 2015 through the grid of intelligibility provided by the concept of neoliberalism/neoliberalization, namely as a regulatory experi-ment. EXPO 2015 is first situated against the background of a growing body of literature which interprets mega-events as catalysts of territorial dispossession. Starting from the critical urban theory premise that neoliberalization is necessarily a spatial project, the features of urban space production set in motion by the World Fair are analyzed by paying particular attention to the ways in which social movements framed such transformations and eventually mobilized in reaction to them. Secondly, EXPO 2015 functioned as a laboratory for the implementation of unprecedented labor relations. In particular, the widespread re-course to voluntary or unpaid workforces is in connection with the shift from wage to human capital as the pillar of social mediation between productive subjects

  15. Life Spectacles: Media, Business Synergy, and Affective Work in Neoliberal China

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    Hai Ren

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The way in which Chinese media communicates the meanings of everyday life has been significantly reconfigured since the late 1970s. ‘Folk television’ or ‘life television’ has been developed as a popular television genre that focuses on ordinary people and their lived experiences. This phenomenon reflects the neoliberal development of China’s cultural institutions in general and the privatization of television production and distribution in particular. Meanwhile, cultural enterprises also shape the way in which Chinese citizens conduct themselves. In such domains as leisure and consumption, operators of theme built environments such as theme parks, theme shopping malls, and even residential communities deploy spatial planning and engineering techniques to subtly train their users to behave in a particular way to become proper citizens. This type of business through real estate development, a dominant sector of the Chinese economy, contributes to the national project of managing social risks in China’s neoliberal process. To illustrate how media and leisure companies engage in cultural production appropriate to China’s neoliberal development, this paper examines both a television production of news about ‘ordinary people’ and a theme park operation of ethnic festival by focusing on the relationship between media convergence, business synergy, and affective work.

  16. Sociology in Global Environmental Governance? Neoliberalism, Protectionism and the Methyl Bromide Controversy in the Montreal Protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian J. Gareau

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Sociological studies of global agriculture need to pay close attention to the protectionist aspects of neoliberalism at the global scale of environmental governance. With agri-food studies in the social sciences broadening interrogations of the impact of neoliberalism on agri-food systems and their alternatives, investigating global environmental governance (GEG will help reveal its impacts on the global environment, global science/knowledge, and the potential emergence of ecologically sensible alternatives. It is argued here that as agri-food studies of neoliberalism sharpen the focus on these dimensions the widespread consequences of protectionism of US agri-industry in GEG will become better understood, and the solutions more readily identifiable. This paper illustrates how the delayed phase out of the toxic substance methyl bromide in the Montreal Protocol exemplifies the degree to which the US agri-industry may be protected at the global scale of environmental governance, thus prolonging the transition to ozone-friendly alternatives. Additionally, it is clear that protectionism has had a significant impact on the dissemination and interpretation of science/knowledge of methyl bromide and its alternatives. Revealing the role that protectionism plays more broadly in the agriculture/environmental governance interface, and its oftentimes negative impacts on science and potential alternatives, can shed light on how protectionism can be made to serve ends that are at odds with environmental protection.

  17. Of neoliberalism and global health: human capital, market failure and sin/social taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reubi, David

    2016-10-19

    This article tells a different but equally important story about neoliberalism and global health than the narrative on structural adjustment policies usually found in the literature. Rather than focus on macroeconomic structural adjustment policies, this story draws our attention to microeconomic taxation policies on tobacco, alcohol and sugar now widely recognised as the best strategy to control the global non-communicable disease epidemic. Structural adjustment policies are the product of the shift from statist to market-based development models, which was brought about by neoliberal thinkers like Peter Blau and Deepak Lal. In contrast, taxation policies are the result of a different epistemological rupture in international development: the move from economies and physical capital to people and human capital, advocated by Gary Becker and others. This move was part of wider change, which saw Chicago School economists, under the influence of rational choice theory, redefine the object of their discipline, from the study of markets to individual choices. It was this concern with people and their choices that made it possible for Becker and others to identify the importance of price for the demand for tobacco, alcohol and sugar. The same concern also made it easier for them to recognise that there were inefficiencies in the tobacco, alcohol and sugar markets that required government intervention. This story, I suggest, shows that structural adjustment policies and pro-market ideology do not exhaust the relationship between neoliberalism and global health and should not monopolise how we, as political and social scientists, conceive it.

  18. Argentina: entre o Mercosul e a Alca

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    Raúl Bernal-Meza

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura mostrar que a Argentina não está numa encruzilhada na sua política externa, tendo que escolher entre Mercosul ou Alca. Ao contrário, a Argentina vê o Mercosul como um caminho que leva à Alca, afirmando uma posição que se tornou possível depois da confluência de outros fatores, como a posição brasileira frente a Alca e o modelo de integração regional proposta para o Mercosul.This article seeks to show that Argentina is not in crossroads in your foreign policy, having to choose between Mercosur and FTAA. In contrast, Argentina sees Mercosur as a way that leads to FTAA, affirming a position that become possible after a confluence of others factors, as the Brazilian position front Alca and the model of regional integration proposal for Mercosur.

  19. Constelaciones conflictivas en la industria pesquera bonaerense. Análisis comparativo entre Mar del Plata y Necochea, Argentina (1997-2012

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    María Luciana Nogueira

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo consiste en una descripción analítico-interpretativa desde una perspectiva comparada de las constelaciones de la conflictividad sociolaboral en dos ciudades portuarias argentinas. Las categorías de análisis utilizadas fueron: las modalidades de acción, los sujetos que las llevaron a cabo, los objetivos perseguidos y las alianzas con otros actores sociales. Las fuentes provinieron de las prensas gráficas, entrevistas y bibliografía académica. A partir del análisis de los datos se detectaron tres campos de disputa intrincados, cruciales para la comprensión de los avatares de la industria pesquera luego de la reestructuración capitalista neoliberal.

  20. Estrategias sindicales frente a la desindustralización. La industria automotriz en los años '90, Córdoba-Argentina

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    Claudia Tomadoni

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La reestructuración industrial en los años 90´en Argentina se produjo bajo un régimen de acumulación neoliberal y con un modo de regulación flexible. El resultado del proceso es una reestructuración industrial regresiva caracterizada por la desindustrialización del tejido industrial local. El juego de todos los agentes participantes, y en especial el juego desarrollado por los agentes sindicales, permiten interpretar algunos de los cambios generados en el territorio consecuente del proceso. Para considerar las estrategias sindicales se revisan en este artículo los elementos en los que se sustenta el poder de los sindicatos, las consecuencias del accionar sindical en relación a la implementación del modelo productivo flexible y la fragmentación y dispersión del trabajo.

  1. National Labor Administration and Democracy in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-01

    Thompson, eds., Sindicalismo y Reimenes Militares en Argentina Y Chile. Amsterdam: CEDLA, 1982. 4 2 p.C. Schmitter, "Organized Interests and Democratic... Mexicanos Unidos, 1964; R. Alexander, La-or Relations in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1962; S M Dais and L.W. Goodman, eds. Workers...Carri, Sindicatos y Poder en la A-gentina. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudestaba, 1967; R. Rotundaro, Realidad y Cambio en el Sindicalismo . Buenos Aires

  2. Che cosa impariamo dalla crisi argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Bianchi Patrizio

    2002-01-01

    This article explores the industrial roots of the present Argentina's crisis. Since the mid of 19th century, Argentina developed a model of social modernization without industrialization, based on export of primary commodity to Western developed countries. This model was exhausted during the 1930s; crisis, because of the ring of protectionism in the Western countries and replaced by an import-substitution approach, which promoted a wide range of small sub-optimal plants. In the mid-1970s, the...

  3. Occurrence of Meloidogyne spp. in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doucet, M E; Pinochet, J

    1992-12-01

    A record of 84 plant species in 32 families that are hosts to the root-knot nematode species found in Argentina is presented. The genus Meloidogyne appears to be widely distributed in the country, with Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica the most frequently detected species. Other species found in Argentina include M. arenaria, M. cruciani, M. decalineata, M. hapla, and M. ottersoni. The present survey is supplemented with existing published information.

  4. Hyptis uliginosa (lamiaceae en la Argentina

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    Sara G. Tressens

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez para la Argentina a Hyptis uliginosa, perteneciente a la sección Plagiotis. Ninguna de las tres especies de esta sección había sido mencionada aún para nuestro país. Se describe e ilustra la nueva cita y se incluye una clave para identificar las especies de Hyptis de Argentina

  5. Hyptis uliginosa (lamiaceae) en la Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Sara G. Tressens; Keller, Héctor A.

    2003-01-01

    Se cita por primera vez para la Argentina a Hyptis uliginosa, perteneciente a la sección Plagiotis. Ninguna de las tres especies de esta sección había sido mencionada aún para nuestro país. Se describe e ilustra la nueva cita y se incluye una clave para identificar las especies de Hyptis de Argentina

  6. Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermina Fernández Zambón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La actividad industrial, de cualquier época, tiene una gran importancia para el hombre, pues al igual que el resto de los procesos económicos, es el reflejo del accionar cotidiano de la sociedad sobre el espacio. Considerando esto, el presente articulo tiene como objetivo presentar al patrimonio industrial como recurso para organizar rutas turísticas que permitan en algunos casos recuperar espacios industriales abandonados o usar establecimientos industriales en funcionamiento pero que pueden incorporarse a este tipo de desarrollo turístico. La creación de rutas turísticas puede permitir la reactivación de las economías locales, por constituirse en definitiva en una nueva actividad económica. Para lograr esto es necesario articular el sector público y el privado. De esta forma es posible, a través de la creación de rutas turísticas del patrimonio industrial, generar un desarrollo turístico local sustentable.

  7. Small Cities, Neoliberal Governance and Sustainable Development in the Global South: A Conceptual Framework and Research Agenda

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    René Véron

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Development and environmental issues of small cities in developing countries have largely been overlooked although these settlements are of global demographic importance and often face a “triple challenge”; that is, they have limited financial and human resources to address growing environmental problems that are related to both development (e.g., pollution and under-development (e.g., inadequate water supply. Neoliberal policy has arguably aggravated this challenge as public investments in infrastructure generally declined while the focus shifted to the metropolitan “economic growth machines”. This paper develops a conceptual framework and agenda for the study of small cities in the global south, their environmental dynamics, governance and politics in the current neoliberal context. While small cities are governed in a neoliberal policy context, they are not central to neoliberalism, and their (environmental governance therefore seems to differ from that of global cities. Furthermore, “actually existing” neoliberal governance of small cities is shaped by the interplay of regional and local politics and environmental situations. The approach of urban political ecology and the concept of rural-urban linkages are used to consider these socio-ecological processes. The conceptual framework and research agenda are illustrated in the case of India, where the agency of small cities in regard to environmental governance seems to remain limited despite formal political decentralization.

  8. Gettin' a Little Crafty: Teachers Pay Teachers©, Pinterest© and Neo-Liberalism in New Materialist Feminist Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittard, Elizabeth A.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, I share data from a year-long study investigating the manifestations of neo-liberalism in the working lives of five women elementary school teachers in the United States. I discuss how gendered discourses of neo-liberalism construct what is understood as possible in the material-discursive production of the women's subjectivities…

  9. 77 FR 45653 - Lemon Juice From Argentina and Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ...)] Lemon Juice From Argentina and Mexico Institution of five-year reviews concerning the suspended investigations on lemon juice from Argentina and Mexico. AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission... the suspended investigations on lemon juice from Argentina and Mexico would be likely to lead to...

  10. FUNDAMENTOS CURRICULARES DE LA CIUDADANÍA EN UN ESTADO NEOLIBERAL: EL CASO DE SISTEMA EDUCATIVO COSTARRICENSE (CURRICULUM FUNDAMENTALS OF THE CITIZENSHIPS IN A NEOLIBERAL STATE:THE CASE OF THE COSTA RICAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toruño Arguedas César

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El presente ensayo, desarrollado como complemento a las actividades formativas de la Maestría en Planificación Curricular de la Universidad de Costa Rica, pretende reivindicar el papel del sistema educativo costarricense, enfocado en el área curricular, en la formación de un ciudadano como respuesta a intereses políticos económicos de corte neoliberal, ubicándolo como un producto histórico-social, no objetivo ni neutral. Para tal propósito, se analizaron los fundamentos curriculares económicos, socioculturales, filosóficos y pedagógicos del currículum costarricense, durante el Estado Neoliberal, en relación con la construcción de una ciudadanía neoliberal; obteniendo una caracterización general de la influencia, directa e indirecta, de un proyecto hegemónico cultural-económico y la formación ciudadana y sus implicaciones educativas.Abstract:The current essay, developed as a complement to the formative activities of the Masters in Curricular Planning of the University of Costa Rica, tries to vindicate the role of the Costa Rican educative system -focused on the curricular area- within the formation of a citizen as an answer to neoliberal political and economical interests, making him a subjective and not neutral social and historical product. In order to reach this goal, the economical, sociocultural, philosophical and pedagogical curricular principles of the Costa Rican curriculum design -during the neoliberal state- were analyzed, in relation to the formation of a neoliberal citizenship. This analysis was made, and a general characterization -of direct and indirect influence- of a cultural and economical hegemonic project was obtained, as well as the citizenship formation and its educative implications.

  11. Producing a “Successful City”: Neoliberal Urbanism and Gentrification in the Tourist City—The Case of Palma (Majorca

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    Sònia Vives Miró

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1990s, the intensification of capital accumulation, especially in its financial dimension, has been one of the keystones for the triumph of neoliberalism. Spanish neoliberal policies have focused on the flexibilization of the real estate sector, leading to the specialization in the secondary circuit of accumulation. This has generated a third real estate boom which has been accompanied with an outstanding housing bubble. The Balearic Islands are a paradigmatic case within these logics, tourist specialization being the main trigger of the process. In Palma, the region's capital, neoliberal urban planning policies have been implemented in order to convert it into a “successful city” within the global urban network competition. These policies have led to Palma's uneven geographical development through processes like gentrification, as is the case of the Gerreria, a neighborhood of Palma's city center.

  12. Development models, sustainability and occupational and environmental health in the Americas: neoliberalism versus sustainable theories of development

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    Moure-Eraso Rafael

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the inherent contradiction between competitive capitalism and the pursuing of the "three bottom lines": 1 economic prosperity, 2 environmental quality (including the workplace and 3 social justice. An alternative, genuine, sustainable approach to development; the Integrated Human Ecosystem Approach will be described and contrasted with neoliberal development. The IHE approach was developed by The International Development Research Center of Canada in 2001. In this approach, the triple bottom line is not a simple tool for neoliberal development, but the focus of allocation and management of resources for sustainable development. The acquisition of only state power by governments opposed to neoliberalism is necessary but not sufficient condition to successfully find a human alternative to the market ideology. A road map needs to be developed in which a clear definition of technologies that permit the acquisition and implementation of an alternative ideology to achieve "social power." The IHE model provides developing countries with the basis for that ideology.

  13. Development models, sustainability and occupational and environmental health in the Americas: neoliberalism versus sustainable theories of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Moure-Eraso

    Full Text Available This article describes the inherent contradiction between competitive capitalism and the pursuing of the "three bottom lines": 1 economic prosperity, 2 environmental quality (including the workplace and 3 social justice. An alternative, genuine, sustainable approach to development; the Integrated Human Ecosystem Approach will be described and contrasted with neoliberal development. The IHE approach was developed by The International Development Research Center of Canada in 2001. In this approach, the triple bottom line is not a simple tool for neoliberal development, but the focus of allocation and management of resources for sustainable development. The acquisition of only state power by governments opposed to neoliberalism is necessary but not sufficient condition to successfully find a human alternative to the market ideology. A road map needs to be developed in which a clear definition of technologies that permit the acquisition and implementation of an alternative ideology to achieve "social power." The IHE model provides developing countries with the basis for that ideology.

  14. Soil and Terrain Database for Argentina, primary data (version 1.0) - scale 1:1 million (SOTER_Argentina)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkshoorn, J.A.; Huting, J.R.M.

    2014-01-01

    The Soil and Terrain database for Argentina primary data (version 1.0), at scale 1:1 million (SOTER_Argentina), was compiled of enhanced soil information within the framework of the FAO's program Land Degradation Assessment in Drylands (LADA). Primary soil and terrain data for Argentina were

  15. Nursing in Times of Neoliberal Change: An Ethnographic Study of Nurses’ Experiences of Work Intensification

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    Rebecca Selberg

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Through an ethnographic study of nurses’ experiences of work intensification, this article shows how nurses respond to and act upon neoliberal transformations of work. The article identifies and explores those transformations considered by the informants, nurses working in public sector hospital wards, as central to changing conditions of work and experiences of work intensifications. It further analyzes nurses’ responses toward these transformations and locates these responses within a particular form of femininity evolving from rationalities of care, nurses’ conditions within the organization, and classed and gendered experiences of care work. The article illustrates that in times of neoliberal change and public sector resource depletion, nurses respond to women’s traditional caring responsibilities as well as to professional commitments and cover for the organization. Maintaining the level of frontline service is contingent on increased exploitation and performance control of ward nurses, and their ability and willingness to sacrifice their own time and health for the sake of their patients. The article argues that in the case of ward nurses in the Swedish public sector, work intensification is a multilayered process propelled by three intersecting forces: austerity ideology linked to the neoliberal transformation of the welfare state and public sector retrenchment; explicit care rationalities impelled by aspirations of the nursing profession to establish, render visible, and expand the nursing field both in relation to the medical profession and in relation to so-called unskilled care work performed by assistant nurses and auxiliaries; and the progressive aspect of New Public Management, which challenges the power and authority of the professions and contributes to strengthening the positions of clients and patients.

  16. Influencia educativa de los medios de comunicación social en la sociedad neoliberal

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    Julio VERA VILA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Este trabajo es una reflexión acerca de la forma en la que se articulan y operan los medios de comunicación en lo que se ha dado en llamar el neoliberalismo y cuál es, en ese contexto, su influencia educativa. Los medios de comunicación entendidos como conjunto de empresas que tienen por misión informar a las personas de lo que ocurre en el mundo, han jugado y juegan un importante papel social. Desde el punto de vista educativo, el análisis del mundo de la comunicación en el contexto neoliberal actual, invita a demandar mayores dosis de educación ciudadana. Ser ciudadanos autónomos y críticos en unos entornos persuasivos tan poderosos, con tal cantidad de información, exige potenciar los procesos educativos y una distribución más igualitaria de los recursos y dispositivos formativos disponibles.ABSTRACT: This work is a reflection about the form in which the media are articulated and the way they opérate in the neoliberalism and which is, in that context, its educational influence. The media understood as a group of companies that have for mission to inform people of what happens in the world, has played and they play an important social role. From the educational point of view, the analysis of the world of the communication in the neoliberal context, invites to demand more civic education. To be autonomous and critical citizens in such persuasive environments, with so many information, it demands to foster the educational processes and a more equitable distribution of the available formative resources.

  17. Unnoticed professional competence in day care work and the challenge of neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrenkiel, Annegrethe; Warring, Niels; Schmidt, Camilla

    New Public Management and neoliberalism has had a huge impact on care and health work imposing demands for documentation, standardization and evaluation. These demands seem to be in contrast with core aspects of the professional competence that are unnoticed. The paper explores how social educator......’s work in day care centers can be explored, developed and potentially democratized acknowledging the unnoticed aspects of daily work practices and professional competence. The paper draws on empirical examples from two research projects (Ahrenkiel et al. 2009, 2011) and discuss how noticing...

  18. Frente a la globalización neoliberal: ¿qué movimiento feminista necesitamos?

    OpenAIRE

    Facio, Alda

    2003-01-01

    Frente a la globalización neoliberal: ¿qué movimiento feminista necesitamos? El mal llamado movimiento antiglobalización está contra la globalización existente, no contra una globalización de lo mejor que ha inventado e ideado la humanidad. Ese movimiento necesita del feminismo y de las feministas para que ese otro mundo que sí es posible también incluya nuestros sueños de un mundo sin discriminaciones contra las mujeres. Sólo con la inclusión de nuestros anhelos, ese otro mundo realmente ...

  19. Contextualizing the current crisis: Post-Fordism, neoliberal restructuring, and financialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Tauss

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article argues that the current financial crisis that began unfolding in late 2007 cannot be explained merely by institutional failure, false economic theories, or human misbehavior. Instead, the crisis must be analyzed against the backdrop of the internal contradictions of capitalist accumulation and the gradual disintegration of the post-war hegemonic world order under U.S. leadership. The specifics of the crisis are inherently related to the failure of Fordism in the 1970s and the emergence of a post-Fordist, neoliberal, and finance-driven regime of accumulation that was pushed to its limits in the lead-up to the current downturn.

  20. A psycho-societal perspective on neoliberal welfare services in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Linda Lundgaard

    2016-01-01

    This article introduces a psycho-societal approach to the micro-processes of Danish neoliberal welfare services, elaborating a learning and identity perspective. My many years of encounters with professionals in welfare services have illuminated how they display a strong identification with....... On the one hand, current practice-based work situates a skilled and devoted professional to direct processes and outcomes based on personalised identification - often in collaboration with citizens. On the other hand, a number of ambivalences and defence reactions saturate the very same processes...

  1. 'Gendercide', abortion policy, and the disciplining of prenatal sex-selection in neoliberal Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purewal, Navtej; Eklund, Lisa

    2017-02-17

    This article examines the contours of how sex-selective abortion (SSA) and 'gendercide' have been problematically combined within contemporary debates on abortion in Europe. Analysing the development of policies on the topic, we identify three 'turns' which have become integral to the biopolitics of SSA in Europe: the biomedical turn, the 'gendercide' turn, and the Asian demographic turn. Recent attempts to discipline SSA in the UK and Sweden are examined as a means of showing how the neoliberal state in Europe is becoming increasingly open to manoeuvres to undermine the right to abortion, even where firm laws exist.

  2. de la Argentina y notas nomenclaturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulma E. Rúgolo de Agrasar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta primera revisión del género Deyeuxia para la Argentina se reconocen 58 taxones nativos de América, tres de ellos son endémicos de la Argentina, y los restantes también crecen en Bolivia, Brasil y Chile. Se describen tres nuevos taxones para la ciencia: Deyeuxia alba subsp. breviaristata (Argentina, Brasil y Uruguay; Deyeuxia heterophylla var. puberilemma (Perú; Deyeuxia trichodonta var. hirsuta (Argentina: Salta. Se establece un nuevo nombre: Deyeuxia nana, para en Agrostis caespitosa. Las siguientes once entidades constituyen nuevas citas para Argentina, Bolivia, Chile y Ecuador: Deyeuxia brevifolia var. brevifolia y Deyeuxia brevifolia var. expansa (Chile; Deyeuxia cabrerae var. cabrerae, D. cabrerae var. aristulata (Chile; D. cabrerae var. trichopoda (Chile; Deyeuxia curta (Ecuador; Deyeuxia filifolia (Chile; D. diemii (Chile; Deyeuxia filifolia (Chile; Deyeuxia hackelii (Chile; Deyeuxia minima (Argentina y Ecuador; Deyeuxia sclerantha (Ecuador; Deyeuxia spicigera var. spicigera (Chile; Deyeuxia spicigera var. cephalotes (Argentina y Deyeuxia trichodonta var. trichodonta (Bolivia. Se establecen cinco nuevas combinaciones: Deyeuxia reitzii, Deyeuxia rupestris f. pilosa., Deyeuxia rupestris var. minor, D. tarmensis var. macrochaeta y Deyeuxia velutina var. nardifolia. Se adicionan nuevos sinónimos en las siguientes entidades: Deyeuxia heterophylla (Calama grostis mulleri, Calamagrostis macbridei; Deyeuxia rupestris f. pilosa (Calamagrostis leonardii, Calamagrostis longearistata f. pilosa y Calamagrostis epigeios (Calamagrostis chilensis. Esta revisión incluye una evaluación crítica de los caracteres morfológicos (algunos estudiados con MEB con valor taxonómico para Deyeuxia y sus especies aquí estudiadas, como también una discusión de las relaciones de Deyeuxia con sus géneros más afines. Se presentan en detalle consideraciones nomenclaturales sobre taxones problemáticos, claves dicotómicas para distinguir Deyeuxia de

  3. Different Welfare System—Same Values? How Social Work Educators in Norway, Chile and Argentina Comprehend Core Social Work and Social Policy Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolv Lyngstad

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available During 2013 and 2014, five focus-group interviews were conducted in Norway, Chile and Argentina in order to understand better how professors at social work programs understand professional issues and controversial social policy issues in their countries. In the focus groups, the participants were asked to reflect upon a vignette which was a fictitious discussion about professional issues and dilemmas in social work practices. Three themes were deployed in the vignette. The first related to different attitudes with respect to how social problems in society should be approached and treated (with a special focus on the relationship between the public, private and civil sectors in solving welfare problems. The second was about social work dilemmas in the contested space between universal equality values and local freedom values/discretion embedded in local self-determination. The third focused on welfare states’ principles distinguishing welfare benefits and services and how public welfare policies should be designed. The three countries are very different with respect to variables affecting welfare policies and social work practices. The most profound difference is likely that Chile (and to a lesser degree Argentina since the dictatorship is highly influenced by neo-liberal policies advocating small public involvement in social policy, whereas Norway is a typical social-democratic welfare state. This fact, however, does not affect the reflections and apprehensions of the issues in a substantial way. The professional attitudes of the professors are surprisingly equal in spite of their different backgrounds.

  4. MIGRACIONES INTERNACIONALES Y RACISMO CULTURAL EN ARGENTINA/INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND CULTURAL RACISM IN ARGENTINA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gilda Ivana Gonza; Anahí Patricia González

    2016-01-01

      El artículo aborda las representaciones sociales sobre la identidad nacional y la "cultura" migrante que construyen docentes y miembros del poder judicial en Argentina, visibilizando el "racismo" cultural...

  5. MIGRACIONES INTERNACIONALES Y RACISMO CULTURAL EN ARGENTINA/INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND CULTURAL RACISM IN ARGENTINA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gilda Ivana Gonza

    2016-01-01

    El artículo aborda las representaciones sociales sobre la identidad nacional y la "cultura" migrante que construyen docentes y miembros del poder judicial en Argentina, visibilizando el "racismo" cultural...

  6. Energy Solutions, Neo-Liberalism, and Social Diversity in Toronto, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blake Poland

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In response to the dominance of green capitalist discourses in Canada’s environmental movement, in this paper, we argue that strategies to improve energy policy must also provide mechanisms to address social conflicts and social disparities. Environmental justice is proposed as an alternative to mainstream environmentalism, one that seeks to address systemic social and spatial exclusion encountered by many racialized immigrants in Toronto as a result of neo-liberal and green capitalist municipal policy and that seeks to position marginalized communities as valued contributors to energy solutions. We examine Toronto-based municipal state initiatives aimed at reducing energy use while concurrently stimulating growth (specifically, green economy/green jobs and ‘smart growth’. By treating these as instruments of green capitalism, we illustrate the utility of environmental justice applied to energy-related problems and as a means to analyze stakeholders’ positions in the context of neo-liberalism and green capitalism, and as opening possibilities for resistance.

  7. Biobanks in Oral Health: Promises and Implications of Post-Neoliberal Science and Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dove, Edward S.; Chiappetta, Margaret; Gürsoy, Ulvi K.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract While biobanks are established explicitly as scientific infrastructures, they are de facto political-economic ones too. Many biobanks, particularly population-based biobanks, are framed under the rubric of the bio-economy as national political-economic assets that benefit domestic business, while national populations are framed as a natural resource whose genomics, proteomics, and related biological material and national health data can be exploited. We outline how many biobanks epitomize this ‘neoliberal’ form of science and innovation in which research is driven by market priorities (e.g., profit, shareholder value) underpinned by state or government policies. As both scientific and political-economic infrastructures, biobanks end up entangled in an array of problems associated with market-driven science and innovation. These include: profit trumping other considerations; rentiership trumping entrepreneurship; and applied research trumping basic research. As a result, there has been a push behind new forms of ‘post-neoliberal’ science and innovation strategies based on principles of openness and collaboration, especially in relation to biobanks. The proliferation of biobanks and the putative transition in both scientific practice and political economy from neoliberalism to post-neoliberalism demands fresh social scientific analyses, particularly as biobanks become further established in fields such as oral health and personalized dentistry. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first analysis of biobanks with a view to what we can anticipate from biobanks and distributed post-genomics global science in the current era of oral health biomarkers. PMID:26584410

  8. Why neoliberal values of self-enhancement lead to cheating in higher education: a motivational account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulfrey, Caroline; Butera, Fabrizio

    2013-11-01

    The significant number of financial and academic frauds hitting the headlines is paralleled by high rates of cheating in schools. Does adherence to the neoliberal values that underpin our economic and academic systems predict acceptance of cheating? Four studies revealed that adherence to neoliberal values of self-enhancement-power and achievement-predicts the motivation to gain social approval; this motivation, in turn, favors the adoption of context-specific competitive performance-approach goals, which predict the condoning of cheating. An experimental study showed that when participants were exposed to a source promoting the values of universalism and benevolence (self-transcendence values, the normative opposite of self-enhancement values), self-enhancement adherence ceased to predict the condoning of cheating. Most important, a classroom-based study addressed the core question of cheating behavior, revealing that adherence to self-enhancement values indeed predicted actual cheating behavior. These results point to the relevance of diagnosing societal values as social causes of cheating.

  9. Negative Impacts of the Neo-liberal Policies on the Banking Sector in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossitsa Rangelova Pavlova

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available From the beginning of the 1970s until the last global financial and economic crisis in 2008-2009, neo-liberal ideas guided economic policy development. It is worth noting that the Central and Eastern European countries transformed their economies from centrally planned to а market type at the peak of the liberal policies. Bulgaria offers a particularly interesting example because the country encountered a very difficult transition from one extreme of an economic system organization to another. The paper considers the reforms in the Bulgarian banking sector during the transition period from a centrally planned to a market type economy (from 1989 onward through the implementation of neo-liberal policies. The development of the banking sector and its transformation is analyzed throughout the two main periods: before and after the transition. The latter is divided into two sub-periods (phases beginning with the early 1990s, followed by the financial and bank crisis in the country, the introduction of a currency board regime in 1997, and stabilization, and ending with the global crisis in 2008-2009. This article summarizes that during the transition period, a modern banking system was established to accumulate profit rather than to promote economic growth. Following a chronological order, the negative effects of the liberalization of the Bulgarian banking sector are specified: the exportation of ownership (and control upon banking system assets, unfair asset redistribution, the emergence of the local oligarchy, the weak protection of the taxpayers and others.

  10. The Social Effects of Neoliberalism. The Shock Doctrine in Russia, China and Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LUCIAN-ŞTEFAN DUMITRESCU

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Initially, the theoretical foundation of the International Monetary Fund was inspired by the economic vision of John Maynard Keynes, who argued that the state may resuscitate economic life when it undergoes a downturn. If the state proved unable to restart its national economy, the International Monetary Fund would intervene, and it would not only grant loans meant to revive the economy, but also recommend infrastructure investments, the decrease of interest rates in order to resume crediting and the reduction of taxes in order to decrease the pressure on the private sector in a quasi-immovable economy. In the 1980s, Keynesian ideas were withdrawn from the theoretical foundation of the International Monetary Fund and replaced by the neo-liberal vision. According to the new economic philosophy, the International Monetary Fund would grant loans only if the states in need reduced their budget deficits, increased taxes and interest rates. In other words, instead of boosting economic activity the new IMF practices were restricting it even more. In the rest of the work we will present, using the social constructivism paradigm and the strategic identity concept, the social consequences of neo-liberal ideas in Russia, China and Romania. The shock doctrine is the state of social disorder imposed from outside, as a result of the political gap between the states of the world.

  11. Philippine Mining Capitalism: The Changing Terrains of Struggle in the Neoliberal Mining Regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvin A. Camba

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes how the mining sector and anti-mining groups compete for mining outcomes in the Philippines. I argue that the transition to a neoliberal mineral regime has empowered the mining sector and weakened the mining groups by shifting the terrains of struggle onto the domains of state agencies and scientific networks. Since the neoliberal era, the mining sector has come up with two strategies. First, technologies of subjection elevate various public institutions to elect and select the processes aimed at making mining accountable and sensitive to the demands of local communities. However, they often refuse or lack the capacity to intervene effectively. Second, technologies of subjectivities allow a selective group of industry experts to single-handedly determine the environmental viability of mining projects. Mining consultants, specialists, and scientists chosen by mining companies determine the potential environmental damage on water bodies, air pollution, and soil erosion. Because of the mining capital’s access to economic and legal resources, anti-mining communities across the Philippines have been forced to compete on an unequal terrain for a meaningful social dialogue and mining outcomes.

  12. Digital Feminisms and the Impasse: Time, Disappearance, and Delay in Neoliberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hester Baer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This collaborative essay considers the way feminist activism takes shape in the context of time-based feminist performance art. We argue that the formal and aesthetic interventions into digital culture of Noah Sow, Chicks on Speed, and Hito Steyerl articulate political resistance within feminist impasses and neoliberal circularities. Our analysis focuses on how these artists engage digital platforms to make visible otherwise imperceptible aspects of the present, including consumerism, wellness, imperial warfare as crisis ordinariness, and modes of digital hypervisibility, perception, and representation. Not only do these works uncover, grapple with, and potentially dissolve the bind of feminism, but they also work against the imperceptibility of neoliberalism as second nature or common sense. In the form of this essay (with comment bubbles and hyperlinks, we highlight our process of thinking about these works and expose the collaborative process of feminist academic writing in the digital age as yet another form of searching for spaces of political resistance and solidarity. Should be viewed with current versions of Firefox, Safari, or Adobe PDF viewer/reader.

  13. Corriendo riesgos: normas, ley y participación en el Estado neoliberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Poole

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking risks: Norm, law and participation in the neoliberal state This paper explores the shifting forms of authority and force assigned to law in neoliberalism, and its consequences for what «counts» as political life. I look first at how law is invoked historically in a recounting of two moments in the history of an important agrarian cooperative in Cusco; and then in more detail at the flexible and contested understandings of norm and risk that circulate in a district level participatory budgeting process. In these two examples—taken from periods bridging two distinct moments in the articulation of political life and state form in Peru—law emerges not as a transcendent force or expression of the State’s will, but rather as a space in which local actors experiment with diverse understandings of development and the common good. In this sense, then, I argue that «law» shapes local political life not merely through its ability to impose repressive sanctions and to mold political subjectivities, but also through the openings which law offers for advancing alternative understandings of both sovereignty and norm.

  14. Turning the tide or surfing the wave? Responsible Research and Innovation, fundamental rights and neoliberal virtues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaldi, Simone; Gorgoni, Guido

    2016-12-01

    The notion of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) has increasingly attracted attention in the academic literature. Up until now, however, the literature has focused on clarifying the principles for which research and innovation are responsible and on examining the conditions that account for managing them responsibly. Little attention has been reserved to exploring the political-economic context in which the notion of RRI has become progressively more prominent. This article tries to address this aspect and suggests some preliminary considerations on the connections between the specific understanding of responsibility in RRI and the framing of responsibility in what has been synthetically defined as 'neoliberalism'. To do so, we try to illustrate how the idea of responsibility has evolved over time so that the specific characteristics of RRI can be better highlighted. These characteristics will then be discussed against the features of neoliberalism and its understanding of responsibility. Eventually, we reaffirm a view of RRI centred on fundamental rights as a possible point of departure between these two perspectives on responsibility.

  15. Neoliberalism and productive restructuring: discussing the flexibilisation of labor rights in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleier Marconsin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the authors aim to show that important changes required for conducting combined neoliberal restructuring productive mark the Brazilian capitalist society, producing serious loss of workers' rights, among them the labor. The qualitative research methodology used, having as north the perspective of totality, has enabled us reflections of the joint authors of the theses from "Public Policy for the Solidarity Economy: A Policy in Construction" (2008 and "Siege of labor rights and the crisis of the movement union in contemporary Brazil "(2009 and research" Ethics, Rights, Labour and Social Work: A Study in Penal System. “The documentary research used in the thesis” “Siege of labor rights and the crisis of the union movement in contemporary Brazil” (2009 provides the material used in the analysis of data on the Brazilian labor legislation since the first term until Cardoso's second term Lula. In the study of these data, there is a line of continuity between the two governments - Cardoso and Lula - fair to conclude that, over the years of neoliberal interference in Brazil, the prospect of governments has been translated into the realization of interests financial capital. Among various elements, the flexibility of labor rights has enabled this goal.

  16. Neoliberal Globalization and the Politics of Migration in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saul Tobias

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, many states in sub-Saharan Africa have adopted draconian anti-migrant policies, leaving refugees and migrants vulnerable to violence, harassment, and economic exploitation. These policies represent a shift from the relatively hospitable attitude shown by many African nations in the immediate post-colonial period. Explanations at the local level do not adequately explain the pervasiveness of these changes or why many developing states are now replicating the migration discourse and practices of the global north. Drawing on scholarship and data from a number of states in the region, including Tanzania, Kenya, Ghana, and South Africa, this paper argues that owing to the widespread implementation of neoliberal economic policies, these states are now subject to many of the same incentives and constraints that operate in the developed north. As a result, political parties and business elites have used national migration policy as an instrument for enhancing their political and economic positions. Insofar as neoliberal globalization continues to exacerbate inequality within the developing world, the harsh measures taken by governments of developing countries against their refugee and migrant populations are likely to increase. It is therefore important that scholars of migration and human rights begin to reassess the prevailing, nearly exclusive emphasis in many globalization studies on the dehumanizing policies and exploitation of southern migrants by states in the global north, as such an emphasis risks obscuring the emergence of more complex patterns of migration and anti-migrant practices in the developing world.

  17. New Heroines of Labour: Domesticating Post-feminism and Neoliberal Capitalism in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmenniemi, Suvi; Adamson, Maria

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, post-feminism has become an important element of popular media culture and the object of feminist cultural critique. This article explores how post-feminism is domesticated in Russia through popular self-help literature aimed at a female audience. Drawing on a close reading of self-help texts by three best-selling Russian authors, the article examines how post-feminism is made intelligible to the Russian audience and how it articulates with other symbolic frameworks. It identifies labour as a key trope through which post-feminism is domesticated and argues that the texts invite women to invest time and energy in the labour of personality, the labour of femininity and the labour of sexuality in order to become ‘valuable subjects’. The article demonstrates that the domestication of post-feminism also involves the domestication of neoliberal capitalism in Russia, and highlights how popular psychology, neoliberal capitalism and post-feminism are symbiotically related. PMID:26663947

  18. Argentina and Education for Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andelman, Marta

    2005-01-01

    In Argentina, few groups recognize the value of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). The Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD) carries no significant weight in governmental and nongovernmental circles. It does not appear in any agenda, or in any suggestion or recommendation for policy-making, not even in proposals for…

  19. [Smoking during pregnancy in Argentina and Uruguay].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Althabe, Fernando; Colomar, Mercedes; Gibbons, Luz; Belizán, José M; Buekens, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Argentina and Uruguay are among the countries in which a large proportion of young women smoke. The rate of smokers during pregnancy in both countries is not well known, and data on the characteristics of women who quit smoking during pregnancy compared to those who continue smoking are not available. We conducted a survey including 1512 pregnant women > or = 18 years old (796 in Argentina; 716 in Uruguay), during antenatal visits in public hospitals of large urban regions; 44% of the women in Argentina and 53% in Uruguay had been or were regular smokers. 11% of the surveyed women in Argentina and 18% in Uruguay continued smoking during pregnancy. In both countries, the proportion of women who lived with smokers, allowed smoking at home, and were regularly or always exposed to tobacco smoke indoors, were 49%, 46% and 20% in the subgroup of women who never smoked, 67%, 60% and 32% in those who quit, and 78%, 75% and 52% in those who continued smoking, respectively. The study confirms a serious public health problem in both countries, and documents that environmental exposure persists in subgroups of women, even in those who quit smoking. It is important that the public health sector should provide access to effective programs for smoking cessation, to women who smoke during pregnancy. For the development of a new program, any intervention intending to have at least a moderate and sustainable success, it should seriously consider including components targeting the smoking environment of the pregnant women who smoke.

  20. Registration of veterinary products in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, E; Cané, B G

    1995-12-01

    A scheme for registering pharmaceutical and biological products for veterinary use was introduced in Argentina in 1994, as part of a joint scheme for countries of the Common Market of the South (Mercado Común del Sur: "Mercosur'). The authors describe the main features of these regulations, and the process which led to their development.

  1. Reared Opiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Argentina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Achterberg, van C.; Salvo, A.

    1997-01-01

    The results of the identification of a small collection of Opiinae reared from Agromyzidae from Argentina are reported; six new species and one new genus (Lorenzopius gen. nov.; type species: Lorenzopius calycomyzae spec. nov.) are described. A checklist to the species of Opiinae known from

  2. Sudden death syndrome of soybean in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudden death syndrome (SDS) is one of the most common and widely spread root disease affecting soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in Argentina where it is an economically important crop. This disease was first discovered in this country in 1992 in the Pampas Region, and the following year in Northwest...

  3. Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-05

    board the plane also intended for the Fernández campaign that was not confiscated by Argentine customs.41 CRS-13 42 Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores ... Comercio Internacional, Y Culto, Comunicado de la Cancillería Argentina, September 11, 2008. 43 A. Rebossio, "Fernández Acusa al FBI de Desestablizar

  4. Argentina - Women Weaving Equitable Gender Relations

    OpenAIRE

    Stubbs, Josefina

    2008-01-01

    In 2001, after a long period of recession, Argentina faced the greatest economic, political, and institutional crisis in its history. Unemployment reached levels nearing 18 percent and the poverty rate reached a peak of 58 percent in 2002, increasing twofold the number of people living the poverty line and impacting in a disproportionate manner the most vulnerable and poverty stricken fami...

  5. Argentina and Brazil's Relations to the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Steen Fryba

    Analysen diskuterer Argentina og Brasiliens relationer til EU i nyere tid med udgangspunkt i forhandlingerne om en associeringsaftale mellem EU og Mercosur, der igangsattes efter underskrivelsen af en bi-regional rammeaftale i 1995. Fokus er i særlig grad på, hvordan disse relationer bedst forstå...

  6. Hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis coronavirus infection in pigs, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroga, Maria A; Cappuccio, Javier; Piñeyro, Pablo; Basso, Walter; Moré, Gastón; Kienast, Mariana; Schonfeld, Sergio; Cáncer, José L; Arauz, Sandra; Pintos, María E; Nanni, Mariana; Machuca, Mariana; Hirano, Norio; Perfumo, Carlos J

    2008-03-01

    We describe an outbreak of vomiting, wasting, and encephalomyelitis syndrome in piglets in Argentina, caused by porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis coronavirus (PHE-CoV) infection. Diagnosis was made by epidemiologic factors, pathologic features, immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-PCR, and genomic sequencing. This study documents PHE-CoV infection in South America.

  7. Argentina puede contagiarse la enfermedad holandesa?

    OpenAIRE

    Gaba, Ernesto; De Cristo, Federico

    2013-01-01

    Se analiza si la Argentina podría sufrir la denominada "enfermedad holandesa", para ello se estudia dicha experiencia destacando las diferencias con el caso argentino, por último se analiza la evidencia empírica. Fil: Gaba, Ernesto. Fil: De Cristo, Federico.

  8. The Quasi-Human Child: How Normative Conceptions of Childhood Enabled Neoliberal School Reform in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonu, Debbie; Benson, Jeremy

    2016-01-01

    This paper argues that normative conceptions of the child, as a natural quasi-human being in need of guidance, enable current school reforms in the United States to directly link the child to neoliberal aims and objectives. In using Foucault's concept of governmentality and disciplinary power, we first present how the child is constructed as a…

  9. Neoliberalism, Global Poverty Policy and Early Childhood Education and Care: A Critique of Local Uptake in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Donald; Lumsden, Eunice; McDowall Clark, Rory

    2015-01-01

    The global rise of a neoliberal "new politics of parenting" discursively constructs parents in poverty as the reason for, and remedy to, child poverty. This allows for Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) to become a key policy lever by using human technologies to intervene in and regulate the lives of parents and children in…

  10. Counter-Narratives That Challenge Neo-Liberal Discourses of Schooling "Disengagement": Youth Professionals Informing the Work of Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGregor, Glenda

    2017-01-01

    Contemporary global economic contexts are shaped by a neo-liberal paradigm of hyper-individualism and meritocracy strongly influencing national policies in education and welfare. As social safety nets diminish, citizens are expected to be more personally accountable. This creates challenges for the poor and marginalised who are positionally…

  11. Multilingual Practices and Ideologies of Refugees in the Neoliberal Era: The Case of North Korean Refugee Students in South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Mun Woo; Han, Moon-sub; Hyun, Eun Ryung

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the multilingual practices and ideologies of North Korean refugee students in neoliberal South Korean society. Language tracking forms were completed over a seven-day period and individual interviews about participants' perceptions of English, Chinese, South Korean, and North Korean were conducted. The findings show that…

  12. Neoliberalism and Western Accreditation in the Middle East: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Educational Leadership Constituent Council Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanowski, Michael H.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of neoliberalism and the accreditation of educational leadership programs in one Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) country by contextualizing the accreditation process and closely examining the Educational Leadership Constituent Council (ELCC) standards used by NCATE, now CAEP, to accredit…

  13. Constructivism and the Neoliberal Agenda in the Spanish Curriculum Reform of the 1980s and 1990s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Encarna

    2011-01-01

    This article challenges the assumption underlying most education reforms that constructivism is politically neutral and intrinsically democratic. It makes this argument by examining the curriculum reform in Spain during the 1980s and 1990s in light of the neoliberal politics that the country was experiencing at that time. This study employs the…

  14. "My Grain of Sand for Society": Neoliberal Freedom, Language Learning, and the Circulation of Ideologies of National Belonging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Char

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the ways in which neoliberal discourses of individual freedom and choice come to typify Mexican migrants' talk about what it means to be living in the USA and about themselves as learners of English. Interviews with migrants about the English language program "Ingles Sin Barreras" [English without Barriers] provide the…

  15. The Kidnapping of Wroclaw´s Dwarves: The Symbolic Politics of Neoliberalism in Urban East-Central Europe

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Červinková, Hana

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 27, č. 4 (2013), s. 743-756 ISSN 0888-3254 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Wroclaw * neoliberalism * dwarves * place marketing * memory * urban anthropology * action research * East Central Europe * Poland Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology Impact factor: 0.225, year: 2013

  16. "Waiting for Superman" to Save Black People: Racial Representation and the Official Antiracism of Neoliberal School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumas, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    The author argues that the documentary, "Waiting for Superman," effectively employs bodies and texts in ways that reproduce hegemonic constructions of race, and more specifically, offers an image and imagination of black engagement in education that reinforces neoliberal-multicultural narratives about black disinterest in, and…

  17. Neoliberalization and the Changing Roles of Stakeholders in State-Led Shantytown Redevelopment in Shenyang City, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, X.; Kleinhans, R.J.; van Ham, M.

    Neoliberal politics in China have changed the roles of, and the interrelationships between, the state, the market and society in urban restructuring. Since 2008, the central state has initiated the Shantytown Redevelopment Projects (SRPs) to improve the living conditions of low-income residents.

  18. Behind the Photos and the Tears: Media Images, Neoliberal Discourses, Racialized Constructions of Space and School Closings in Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allweiss, Alexandra; Grant, Carl A.; Manning, Karla

    2015-01-01

    This critical article provides insights into how media frames influence our understandings of school reform in urban spaces by examining images of students during the 2013 school closings in Chicago. Using visual framing analysis and informed by framing theory and critiques of neoliberalism we seek to explore two questions: (1) What role do media…

  19. Neo-Nazism and Neoliberalism: A Few Comments on Violence in Athens At the Time of Crisis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalakoglou, Dimitris

    2013-01-01

    The so-called Greek crisis implies a rapid transition towards a regime of extreme neoliberalism, but it also implies the rise of the extreme Right. This article examines briefly the rise of Greek neo-Nazism and a genealogy of its violence. It emphasizes the links between formal and informal violent

  20. Achieving Flourishing City Schools and Communities--Corporate Reform, Neoliberal Urbanism, and the Right to the City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Means, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    This essay critiques the ideological assertions of corporate school reform and discusses how these logics perpetuate failure in urban education. Drawing on theories of neoliberal urbanism, the right to the city, and the commons, the essay argues that educational researchers and advocates need to reframe the values of urban education in line with a…

  1. The New Political Economy of Urban Education: Neoliberalism, Race, and the Right to the City. Critical Social Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipman, Pauline

    2011-01-01

    Urban education and its contexts have changed in powerful ways. Old paradigms are being eclipsed by global forces of privatization and markets and new articulations of race, class, and urban space. These factors and more set the stage for Pauline Lipman's insightful analysis of the relationship between education policy and the neoliberal economic,…

  2. Education for the Poor in the Neoliberal Era: Socio-Educational Programmes to Combat Poverty in Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Fernández, Juan R.; Díez Gutiérrez, Enrique J.

    2017-01-01

    The neoliberal capitalist crisis of 2008 brought to light poverty and destitution in our societies. In Spain, 13 million people live in poverty, structural unemployment is over 20% and levels of insecurity have risen in all sectors and social groups. In the EU, 120 million live in poverty, while globally, wealth is increasingly concentrated in…

  3. The Shuttering of Educational Studies: Neoliberalism, the Political Spectacle, and Social Injustice at a "World Class" University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Alyssa Hadley; Faison, Morgan Zacheya-Jewel

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the September 2012 closure of the Division of Educational Studies (DES) at Emory University. The authors present this discussion as an example of the ways that the neoliberalization of higher education contributes to the extinction of educational foundations programs. What happened at Emory is symptomatic of the impact that…

  4. The New Articulation of Equity Education in Neoliberal Times: The Changing Conception of Social Justice in Ontario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezai-Rashti, G.; Segeren, A.; Martino, W.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we draw attention to the impact of neoliberal globalisation in rearticulating conceptions of equity within the Ontario context. The Ontario education system has been hailed for its top performance on Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) as a high-equity/high-quality education system and created "PISA envy"…

  5. Subsidizing Early Childhood Education and Care for Parents on Low Income: Moving beyond the Individualized Economic Rationale of Neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Donald; Envy, Rose

    2015-01-01

    Neoliberalism and an associated "new politics of parenting" adopts a predominantly economic rationale which discursively positions early childhood education and care (ECEC) as essential to tackling several social ills by allowing individual parents (particularly young mothers) to improve their labour force participation, thus boosting…

  6. Envisioning an Alternative to the Neoliberalization of Education in the Global South: The Aga Khan's Philosophies of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoja-Moolji, Shenila S.

    2017-01-01

    Studies in education over the past decade highlight the hijacking of educational agendas by neoliberal rationalities and logics. I illustrate these processes in relation to transnational campaigns for girls' education, where the purpose of "education" is reduced to producing wage-based labor and an accumulation of skills that enhance…

  7. Images, Ideals and Constraints in Times of Neoliberal Transformations: Reproduction and Profession as Conflicting or Complementary Spheres in Academia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bomert, Christiane; Leinfellner, Stefanie

    2017-01-01

    The article deals with structural, cultural and habitual concepts, principles and ideals of parenthood in the German academic working context. It focuses on social processes of transformation and reconfiguration of reproduction and profession, which means within work and family spheres and especially within academia in times of neoliberalism,…

  8. Struggling for Visibility in Higher Education: Caught between Neoliberalism "Out There" and "In Here"--An Autoethnographic Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Simon

    2017-01-01

    What happens when neoliberalism as a structural and structuring force is taken up within institutions of higher education, and works upon academics in higher education individually? Employing a critical authoethnographic approach, this paper explores the way technologies of research performance management, specifically, work to produce academics…

  9. Neoliberalism and the Marginalisation of Social Justice: The Making of an Education Policy to Combat Social Exclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimaldi, Emiliano

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyses how the establishment of neoliberalism, as the new global orthodoxy, in the field of education implies a substantial subjugation and marginalisation of policies and practices informed by the values of social justice and equity. The evidence from a case study on an inclusive education policy enacted to combat social exclusion and…

  10. U.S. College Student Activism during an Era of Neoliberalism: A Qualitative Study of Students Against Sweatshops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominguez, Rachel Fix

    2009-01-01

    This article sets out to examine the experiences of college student activists involved in Students Against Sweatshops on the Beautiful River University campus. Based on observation and interview fieldwork, the paper explores how students negotiate and understand their activism against the backdrop of neoliberalism. The paper concludes that being a…

  11. Mechanisms of biopower and neoliberal governmentality in precarious work: Mobilizing the dependent self-employed as independent business owners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moisander, J.; Groß, C.; Eräranta, K.

    2018-01-01

    In the contemporary conditions of neoliberal governmentality, and the emerging ‘gig economy,’ standard employment relationships appear to be giving way to precarious work. This article examines the mechanisms of biopower and techniques of managerial control that underpin—and produce consent

  12. Continuing Inequity through Neoliberalism: The Conveyance of White Dominance in the Educational Policy Speeches of President Barack Obama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hairston, Thomas W.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this critical discourse analysis is to examine how the political speeches and statements of President Barack Obama knowingly or unknowingly continue practices and policies of White privilege within educational policy and practice by constructing education in a neoliberal frame. With presidents having the ability to communicate…

  13. Caseworkers’ discretions of eligibility to social insurance in Denmark and Sweden – signs of Neoliberalism in Scandinavian welfare states?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Marie Østergaard; Stensöta, Helena

    It has been argued that the Scandinavian welfare states have been resilient to trends of globalization and fiscal crises, and that the global pressure of neoliberalism has led to a partial retrenchment rather than a restructuring during last decades. This conclusion is, however, drawn without...

  14. "Anyone Can Make It, but There Can Only Be One Winner": Modelling Neoliberal Learning and Work on Reality Television

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windle, Joel

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates how reality television talent-quest formats model the normative neoliberal worker and learner--roles which are increasingly drawn together. In the age of "life-long learning" and shifting employment demands, new models of the supple, adaptable and willing learner are increasingly important both to meeting…

  15. Neoliberalism and indigenous knowledge: Māori health research and the cultural politics of New Zealand's "National Science Challenges".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prussing, Erica; Newbury, Elizabeth

    2016-02-01

    In 2012-13 the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) in New Zealand rapidly implemented a major restructuring of national scientific research funding. The "National Science Challenges" (NSC) initiative aims to promote greater commercial applications of scientific knowledge, reflecting ongoing neoliberal reforms in New Zealand. Using the example of health research, we examine the NSC as a key moment in ongoing indigenous Māori advocacy against neoliberalization. NSC rhetoric and practice through 2013 moved to marginalize participation by Māori researchers, in part through constructing "Māori" and "science" as essentially separate arenas-yet at the same time appeared to recognize and value culturally distinctive forms of Māori knowledge. To contest this "neoliberal multiculturalism," Māori health researchers reasserted the validity of culturally distinctive knowledge, strategically appropriated NSC rhetoric, and marshalled political resources to protect Māori research infrastructure. By foregrounding scientific knowledge production as an arena of contestation over neoliberal values and priorities, and attending closely to how neoliberalizing tactics can include moves to acknowledge cultural diversity, this analysis poses new questions for social scientific study of global trends toward reconfiguring the production of knowledge about health. Study findings are drawn from textual analysis of MBIE documents about the NSC from 2012 to 2014, materials circulated by Māori researchers in the blogosphere in 2014, and ethnographic interviews conducted in 2013 with 17 Māori health researchers working at 7 sites that included university-based research centers, government agencies, and independent consultancies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Dossier: Introducción ¿Hacia dónde se dirige el Sindicalismo en Argentina y Brasil?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Montes Cató

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Las transformaciones sociopolíticas que atravesó América del Sur desde la década de los 2000, a partir del vuelco de muchos de los gobiernos hacia posturas progresistas y de las muestras de agotamiento del modelo neoliberal se plantean como un desafío a las prácticas y estrategias de las organizaciones obreras en cuanto articuladoras de las demandas de los trabajadores. Estos desafíos asumen proyecciones diferentes en función de las características socioeconómicas de los países, de las tradiciónes de las organizaciones sindicales, de la relación con otros movimientos sociales y políticos y también en el modo en que se estructuran las relaciones hacia el interior del propio sujeto colectivo. Es en la intersección de estas preocupaciones que el Dossier que aquí presentamos adquiere relevancia en cuanto busca actualizar críticamente los debates al discutir los marcos interpretativos desde los cuales fueron pensados los fenómenos sindicales latinoamericanos y comprender las tendencias que vienen operando en largo y mediano plazo en la región del Cono Sur de América en especial retomando los procesos de Argentina y Brasil.

  17. Progresos económicos, deudas estructurales y desigualdades sociales persistentes en la Argentina: 2003-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Salvia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El desempeño social de la Argentina en las últimas dos décadas ha estado asociadocon dos modelos político-económicos diferentes. Por una parte, el período que vaentre 1991 y 2001, dominado por la aplicación de reformas estructurales y políticas deapertura y liberalización económicas de inspiración neoliberal, junto con la aplicaciónde un programa antiinflacionario basado en un régimen de convertibilidad (tipo decambio fijo en paridad con el dólar. En este marco, se logró controlar la situación dehiperinflación, acceder al crédito externo, equilibrar el gasto público, promover lainversión de capital y activar un ciclo de crecimiento económico. Como consecuenciade este proceso, si bien descendió inicialmente la pobreza, creció el desempleo,aumentó la precariedad laboral y se ampliaron las brechas de desigualdad social.

  18. The health system in Argentina: an unequal struggle between equity and the market.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor B. Penchaszadeh

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The modern health system of Argentina was developed in 1945-1955, a period of economic bonanza characterized by industrialization, rapid urbanization and activist labor organizations. During the ensuing years it evolved in three sectors: public, social security and private, with separate services, population coverage and funding. While the national Ministry of Health is nominally responsible for general health policies and regulations, overseeing the general operation of health services, designing preventive medicine programs and negotiating the coverage and fees of health insurance plans, it has in fact very low leverage to enforce decisions in the provinces, which are autonomous, as well as in the social security and private sectors, which are weakly regulated if at all. While the health workforce, medical facilities and level of spending are acceptable, the fragmentation and segmentation of the system render it highly inequitable and inefficient. During the 1980s and 1990s, the health system has experienced further transformations, as neoliberal policies took hold in the country and dictated a reduction of state involvement in social services in favor of privatization and decentralization of health care. The result has been increased fragmentation, inequity and inefficacy, as health care is increasingly prey to the economic interests of private corporations (insurance and pharmaceutical industries, trade union bureaucracies and the medical professional and technology establishments. The expectation of popular sectors of society are that progressive polices recently enacted by Congress, and being implemented in the fields of education, retirement pensions and the media, will be followed with much needed public health policies based on equity and efficiency.

  19. Anaglyph: Basalt Cliffs, Patagonia, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Basalt cliffs along the northwest edge of the Meseta de Somuncura plateau near Sierra Colorada, Argentina show an unusual and striking pattern of erosion. Stereoscopic observation helps to clarify the landform changing processes active here. Many of the cliffs appear to be rock staircases that have the same color as the plateau's basaltic cap rock. Are these the edges of lower layers in the basalt or are they a train of slivers that are breaking off from, then sliding downslope and away from, the cap rock. They appear to be the latter. Close inspection shows that each stair step is too laterally irregular to be a continuous sheet of bedrock like the cap rock. Also, the steps are not flat but instead are little ridges, as one might expect from broken, tilted, and sliding slices of the cap rock. Stream erosion has cut some gullies into the cliffs and vegetation (appears bright in this infrared image) shows that water springs from and flows down some channels, but land sliding is clearly a major agent of erosion here.This anaglyph was generated by first draping a Landsat Thematic Mapper image over a topographic map from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, then producing the two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and the right eye with a blue filter.Landsat satellites have provided visible light and infrared images of the Earth continuously since 1972. SRTM topographic data match the 30-meter (99-foot) spatial resolution of most Landsat images and provide a valuable complement for studying the historic and growing Landsat data archive. The Landsat 7 Thematic Mapper image used here was provided to the SRTM project by the United States Geological Survey, Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center,Sioux Falls, South Dakota.Elevation data used in this image was

  20. Crisis política y conflicto social en Argentina: Alcances y límites de un tipo de participación política no convencional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Antonia Muñoz

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In many countries of Latin America, and particularly in Argentina, the 1990s are commonly characterized by the so-called triumph of the ideology of neoliberalism. This inclination was highly counteracted in rhetoric as well as in action. Free markets and a minimal government – two terms that are usually coined as being inseparable from democracy – have in reality taken the place as enemies of the ‘people’. In Argentina, the turn-around was generated within the context of a profound political and economic crisis that, in the years 2001 and 2002, gave rise to the slogan ‘que se vayan todos que no quede ni uno solo’ (all must go, none may stay. The present article studies the crisis, giving special attention to the antagonism that this slogan expressed. The sort of political conflict that was developed is described and evaluated, contrasting it with certain theoretical concepts proposed by the theory of hegemony. Resumen:En muchos países de América Latina, y en particular en Argentina, la década de los noventa se caracterizó habitualmente por el presunto triunfo de la ideología neoliberal, una tendencia que es actualmente cuestionada tanto en el lenguaje como en las acciones. Los mercados sin controles y el Estado mínimo – pares que se solían mencionar como inseparables de la democracia – son actualmente definidos como enemigos del ‘pueblo’. En Argentina, el giro se generó en el contexto de una profunda crisis política y económica que, en los años 2001 y 2002, dio lugar a la aparición de la consigna ‘que se vayan todos, que no quede ni uno solo”. En el artículo se estudia esta crisis, prestando especial atención al antagonismo que expresó esa consigna. Se describe y evalúa el tipo de conflicto político que se desarrolló, contrastándolo con algunos conceptos teóricos propuestos por la teoría de la hegemonía.

  1. Biodiversity Information System of the National Parks Administration of Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Leonidas Lizarraga; Fabiana Cantarell; Mariana Campos; Viviana Benesovsky; Natalia Ceresoli; Mariana Lipori; Maximiliano Ceballos; Anabella Carp; Jael Dominino; Dalma Raymundi; Daniel Barrios Lamuniere; Atilio Guzman; Lorena Paszko; Miguel Gross; Ana Laura Sureda

    2016-01-01

    The Biodiversity Information System (BIS) of the National Parks Administration of Argentina (NPA) was launched in 2002, with the support of the Global Environmental Fund (GEF) through the Biodiversity Conservation Project in Argentina. The BIS consists of a set of thematic databases and Geographic Information System (GIS) set to support management decisions, and to provide information to the general public on the national protected areas of Argentina. Currently, the BIS-NPA program collects, ...

  2. Política exterior argentina en la década de los ’90: del realismo periférico a los condicionantes internos y externos. La privatización petrolera, un espejo de la realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Igoa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los años noventa fueron testigo del amplio e incesante proceso de Globalización. Un correlato del mismo significó en Argentina la indiscutida adscripción al paradigma neoliberal que permitiría, mediante un “realismo periférico”, desarrollar una adecuada reinserción internacional del país. Resulta interesante analizar detenidamente esta política exterior, puesto que, sin lugar a dudas, arroja luz sobre los verdaderos resultados derivados de la alianza estratégica gestada entre los grandes grupos económicos nacionales y el capital extranjero, quienes se transformaron en los verdaderos condicionantes de esta política. Así, las privatizaciones, constituyen un nítido reflejo de esta realidad. El objetivo de esta comunicación es, por tanto, realizar un acercamiento empírico a estas formulaciones teóricas teniendo en cuenta la interacción entre las variables sistémicas y domesticas._________________________ABSTRACT:The nineties have witnessed the large and unceasing Globalisation process. One of its consequences meant in Argentina the unquestionable adscription to the neoliberal paradigm that would allow, by means of a “peripheral realism” politic, developing an adequate strategy so as to re-insert the country in the international system. It is interesting to analyse carefully this foreign policy because, doubtless, it shows the real results of the strategic alliance made between the national economic large groups and the foreign capital, which had become the real conditioners of this politic. Then, the privatisations are a clear reflex of this reality. The main objective of this paper is, therefore, to make an empirical approach to the theoric formulations taking into account the interaction between the systemic and domestic variables.

  3. Human rights and neoliberalism: an uneasy alliance for protecting children in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahely Medrano Buenrostro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo utiliza un concepto particular de paradigma de política pública para analizar el núcleo ideológico del principal programa antipobreza que ha implementado el gobierno federal en las últimas décadas: Oportunidades. En particular, este estudio analiza la compatibilidad entre este programa y el propósito de garantizar los derechos socioeconómicos de la infancia. Para ello, se examinan las principales características del paradigma implícito en este programa, así como su evolución durante en el periodo de 1989 a 2006. Este estudio concluye que el paradigma neoliberal aplicado durante este tiempo implica tensiones y contradicciones importantes al momento de ofrecer una respuesta para proteger los derechos de la infancia mexicana.

  4. Privatization and Psychoanalysis: The Impact of Neo-liberalism on Freud's Tool of Social Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graybow, Scott; Eighmey, Jennifer; Fader, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    The paper outlines the historical links between psychoanalysis, social progressivism and the political Left. It then details the process by which those links were undone such that today psychoanalysis and mental health services in general are alienated from their radical roots. The paper posits this process of alienation is continued today via the neo-liberal phenomenon of privatization, which has profound implications for clients seeking mental health treatment especially those of minority status or who are economically oppressed. Today, access to effective mental health treatment is linked to one's economic status, and people of all class backgrounds seem less likely to receive mental health interventions that promote awareness of the oppressive political and economic forces they face. The paper includes two clinical vignettes illustrating the inequalities that are inherent to the privatized mental healthcare system. The paper calls for a return to the ideals and practices of the progressive psychoanalysis that defined the inter-war era of the last century.

  5. Community psychology and transformative policy change in the neo-liberal era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Geoffrey

    2013-12-01

    I present ideas about how community psychologists, as researcher-activists, can influence public policy. I begin by describing the current neo-liberal era, noting the immense obstacles it poses to progressive policy change. Next I contrast two approaches to understanding policy formation, evidence-based policy and discursive policy analysis, and argue that transformative policy change can benefit from both approaches. I then propose three types of policy outcomes that community psychology research and activism should aim to promote: (a) shaping problem definition, (b) controlling channels for debate and participation, and (c) allocating resources. I use examples from community psychologists' involvement in policy, mostly in Canada, to illustrate how such policy change can be both achieved and constrained. I conclude by discussing implications for theory and practice related to policy change.

  6. The issue of sustainable urban development in a neoliberal age. Discursive entanglements and disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joar Skrede

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of Oslo, the Norwegian capital, is in the midst of executing a huge urban waterfront project in Bjørvika. This project has triggered several years of public debate. A key concept in the development project is “sustainable development”, but it is unclear what the concept implies. Several interests are involved which emphasise different goals and different values. In this article, a discourse analysis of the concept, in this particular context, is conducted. Five discourses are identified, which overlap as well as collide. Special attention is paid to how the respective discourses are related to a neoliberal form of government, and as part of the analysis, a discussion of how cultural heritage is used to increase the city’s attractiveness is undertaken. This article concludes that planning for a sustainable use of cultural heritage should imply establishing a reflective cultural policy not subsumed under economic sustainability.

  7. Introduzione: la ritirata del neoliberismo?(Introduction: The Retreat of Neo-Liberalism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo D'Ippoliti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article introduces the new issue of the journal. It discusses what reasons may explain the fact that austerity measures are increasingly criticised by vast numbers of economists while they are still endorsed by all EU institutions. It is here suggested that the neoliberal stance seem to have gradually shifted away from the economic debate to move to a moralistic and a juridical level, focussed on the formal legitimacy (within the given institutional setup of the proposed policy alternatives to tackle the euro crisis while neglecting and abstaining from criticising their underlying rationale. This ‘retreat’ allows for defunct economic theories to still dominate the political debate. JEL: F33, B50, E12

  8. Vulnerable women and neo-liberal globalization: debt burdens undermine women's health in the global South.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaggar, Alison M

    2002-01-01

    Contemporary processes of globalization have been accompanied by a serious deterioration in the health of many women across the world. Particularly disturbing is the drastic decline in the health status of many women in the global South, as well as some women in the global North. This paper argues that the health vulnerability of women in the global South is inseparable from their political and economic vulnerability. More specifically, it links the deteriorating health of many Southern women with the neo-liberal economic policies that characterize contemporary economic globalization and argues that this structure is sustained by the heavy burden of debt repayments imposed on many Southern countries. In conclusion, it argues that many Southern debt obligations are not morally binding because they are not democratically legitimate.

  9. Dispossess to accumulate: reflections on the contradictions of the process of neoliberal modernization of Chilean agriculture

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    Luis Fernando De Matheus e Silva

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this paper is to present a renewed and critical reading about the contradictions engendered by the neoliberal modernization of the Chilean agriculture. This task is carried out through the lens of the "historical-geographical materialism" developed mainly by the British geographer David Harvey, and also through agrarian studies linked to the critical thinking, especially Marxists. As the main empirical substrate, information and data supplied by documents and studies that have sought to understand the specific case of contemporary capitalist development in Chile as well as its consequences for the countryside and national peasants are used. It is sustained here that the mechanisms of “accumulation by dispossession” were (and still are of critical importance to make Chile a world-wide agricultural and food.

  10. [Neoliberal reinvention of inequality in Chile: the case of the health sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labra, Maria Eliana

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines the main changes in the Chilean health system from the 1920s to the present, identifying contradictions, limits, and successes in terms of policy outcomes. Taking equity as the central theme, the analysis focuses on decisions made from the mid-1920s until 1973 in moving toward socialized medicine, with the sudden interruption of this process by the military coup in 1973. The author then discusses the set of regressive measures taken by authoritarian neoliberalism, with the help of Pinochet, to insert health into the market economy. Finally, the article analyzes efforts made by democratic administrations since 1990 to redress the legacy of socioeconomic inequalities, focusing on the commitment to rebuild the health care system with a new basis in equity, solidarity, and people's participation.

  11. Effects of neoliberal rationality in speeches on inclusion: the teacher’s silence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra Boer Possa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This text, which makes use of the National Policy on Special Education in the Perspective of Inclusive Education and the programs that embrace the training of teachers for diversity/ inclusion, puts the discursive effects of these documents in analytic sets. Without attempting at doing an exhaustive analysis, this study aims at problematizing the effect of teacher’s silence that the neoliberal policy has been producing on teachers who work in municipal and state education systems in Santa Maria area. The conceptual and methodological tool of governmentality is used in this enterprise in order to think that the discourses of inclusion have convinced and subjectivized teachers, because in the face of the irreducibility of this discursive network the silence is an effect of the production and consumption of the principle of inclusion and enterprise itself.

  12. Cartographies of Friendship, Desire, and Home; Notes on surviving neoliberal security regimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debanuj DasGupta

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this auto-ethnographic essay I shed light upon processes of racialiazation and sexualization which work to construct the figure of the disabled, diseased, alien. The paper argues disability based immigration policies, along with neoliberal notions of productivity and enterprise operate as technologies of power, excluding queer HiV positive migrant subjects from the gates of the US nation-state. I shed light upon HIV based immigration policies, disability and sexuality rights activism, pre and post 9/11 US national security practices by retracing lived experiences of mine from Kolkata, India and post 9/11 New York City. The narrative journeys to spaces such as HIV clinics, S&M chambers, and hospital rooms in hopes of understanding collective claims to life being made by those occupying the interstitial shadow spaces between nation-states, perverse/ normal, ability/disability, and ultimately life/death.

  13. There is no such thing as Society. Ferdydurke in neoliberalism, postmodernism and gender

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    Ewa Majewska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article Ferdydurke is discussed as a forerunner of the logic of late capitalism with all its repercussions, as identified by Frederick Jameson. Gombrowicz’s novel is seen as an early prognosis of neoliberal ideology, with its demands for effectivity and productivity as well as negation of social and affective bonds. Margaret Thatcher’s aphorism: “there is no such thing as society” is a pretext for a critical analysis of Ferdydurke, including the feminist critics of the European vision of the subject built on fear of the Other. This feminist analysis of Ferdydurke reveals several problems with the notion of body – theories of Julia Kristeva (on abjection and Lynda Nead (on the female nude are employed to demonstrate this argument. The main conclusion that can be drawn from this analysis is that queer disruptions of the binary logic of gender oppositions do not necessarily produce anti-patriarchal results.

  14. How do you take time? Work–life balance policies versus neoliberal, social and cultural incentive mechanisms in Icelandic higher education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smidt, Thomas Brorsen; Pétursdóttir, Gyða Margrét; Einarsdóttir, Þorgerður

    2017-01-01

    It is suggested that the realization of work–life balance policies at the University of Iceland is compromised by an emphasis on neoliberal notions of growth and performance measurements in the form of new public management strategies...

  15. Social movements and the defense of natural resources in Latin America: reaction against the neoliberal model and the construction of alternatives

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Movimientos sociales y recursos naturales en América Latina: resistencias al neoliberalismo, configuración de alternativas

    2006-01-01

      The imposition of the neoliberal model in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as the recent return to economic growth in the region are mainly due to the massive exploitation of natural resources...

  16. ECOLOGIES OF INVESTMENT: Crisis Histories and Brick Futures in Argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    D'AVELLA, NICHOLAS

    2014-01-01

    This article describes an ecological approach to investment in Argentina. This approach involves seeing investments as part of an emergent web of relations among constitutive and constituting parts...

  17. Un modelo fallido de desarrollo: la experiencia argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gantman, Ernesto R

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo analiza el modelo de desarrollo emprendido por la Republica Argentina bajo la administracion Menem, cuando se llevaron a cabo profundas transformaciones estructurales destinadas...

  18. Reconsidering 'Set the People Free': Neoliberalism and Freedom Rhetoric in Churchill's Conservative Party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, James

    2017-09-18

    It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric. First, it argues that the rhetoric of 1945 was derived from a distinctly Conservative lineage of interwar argument and reflected strategies developed before the publication of F. A. Hayek's 'The Road to Serfdom'. Second, it demonstrates that senior Conservatives' emancipatory rhetoric in opposition after 1945 was neither a simple continuation of these themes nor primarily a response to the public's growing antipathy towards rationing and controls. Rather, such rhetoric was a complex response to Britain's immediate economic difficulties and the political challenges presented by austerity. Finally, the article sheds new light on the strategy that governed the party's campaigns in 1950 and 1951. Churchill and others' calls to 'set the people free' stemmed from a belief that the rhetorical opportunity lay in reconciling liberty with security. In that sense, the leadership had moved beyond begrudging compromises with the 'Attleean settlement' and was instead attempting to define a new identity within the parameters of the welfare state. © The Author [2017]. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Are Dictatorships necessary? Trade Unions and Neoliberal Populism in Four Latin American Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astudillo, Javier

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The economic crisis of the beginning of this century in Latin America has questioned that a neo-liberal kind of populism may solve the puzzle of how to implement pro-market economic reforms by democratic regimes in less developed countries. Populism is both prone to corruption and incompatible with the necessary institutional reforms (the “second generation” reforms complementing the economic reforms. Non-populist politicians may not have this handicap, but they could not overcome the labor resistance to their pro-market reforms either. Still, under certain conditions, democratic politicians can implement these reforms without suffering from the costs of populism.

    Las crisis económicas de comienzos de este siglo en América Latina han cuestionado que el populismo, en su versión neoliberal, pueda ser la solución para llevar a cabo las reformas económicas pro-mercado por los regímenes democráticos de los países menos desarrollados. Tanto la tentación de cualquier clase de populismo de caer en una corrupción que las haga estériles, como su incompatibilidad con las necesarias reformas institucionales, de “segunda generación”, que complementen a las económicas, es muy alta. Los políticos no populistas no tendrían este problema, pero tampoco podrían hacer frente a la oposición sindical. Ahora bien, bajo ciertas condiciones, los políticos democráticos las pueden llevar a cabo sin tener que caer en los costes del populismo.

  20. FROM FRAYED ROPE TO TIGHT STRINGS: NEGOTIATING NON-PROFIT GOVERNANCE IN A NEOLIBERAL STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ready, Casey

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Neoliberal policies have created economic disparities and increased the gap between the rich and the poor in Canada. The Mulroney government initiated neoliberal revisions to the Canadian social welfare state as it quietly changed complex regulations that impacted the welfare and well-being of Canadians. This government worked “by stealth” and with little consultation to dismantle key components of the social welfare state, while publicly pronouncing its sacred value. In Ontario, neoliberal policies are identified with the Harris government’s visible and public attack on the poor, on women and on those marginalized by race. The Harris government made significant cuts to services offered by non-governmental organizations (NGOs and, in particular, to women’s organizations and advocacy groups. This paper examines the impact of neoliberalism by exploring changes through such policies in the relationship between the state and non-profit organizations in Ontario. It is based on initial findings from qualitative research conducted in 2010 and 2011 with three YWCA organizations. It characterizes a shift from the way NGO-state relationships were depicted by Katherine Scott in 2003 as a “frayed rope” about to break, to being represented by an image of multiple “tight strings.” This research forms part of a dissertation examining how the neoliberal policies that have reduced government support for, and downloaded responsibilities to, the non-profit sector have affected the capacity of community-based women’s organizations to implement a feminist agenda in their work with women. The timeframe studied, from 2003 to 2008, builds on the now extensive scholarly research on the impact of neoliberal policies that occurred from 1995 to 2003, the years led by Progressive Conservative Premiers Mike Harris and Ernie Eves. It closely examines continuities and discontinuities between the two governments, revealing many dangers for women buried in