Sample records for villeneuve rafal rohozinski

  1. Étude et développement d'un flash X rafale à foyer unique (United States)

    Idrissi, M. M.; Viladrosa, R.; Robert, E.; Cachoncinlle, C.; Pouvesle, J. M.


    Nous présentons les premiers résultats de l'étude d'une nouvelle source, compacte, permettant de produire à partir d'un foyer unique des trains d'impulsions de photons X d'énergie allant de quelques keV à quelques centaines de keV. La source doit fonctionner à très haute fréquence, de quelques centaines de Hz en mode pulsé sur plusieurs secondes, à quelques kHz en mode rafale sur quelques coups (3 à 5impulsions par rafale). Au stade actuel de développement la source peut fonctionner jusqu'à 500 1-12 en mode pulsé et à plus de 2kHz en mode rafale sur des trains de 5impulsions. L'énergie des rayons X dans ces deux modes peut atteindre plusieurs centaines dekeV.

  2. Kuulumatusest, prantsuse keeles : Buñuel, Villeneuve ja Audiard katusekinos / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-


    Katusekino maikuu programmis on Luis Buñueli "Päevane kaunitar" ("Belle de jour", Prantsusmaa-Itaalia 1967), Denis Villeneuve "Põlenud" ("Incendies", Kanada-Prantsusmaa 2010) ja Jacques Audiard´i "Prohvet" ("Un prophète", Prantsusmaa-Itaalia 2009)

  3. The circulation of Ghlin flint during the time of the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture (Early Neolithic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solène Denis


    Full Text Available In the North of France and Belgium, the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture marks the end of the Early Neolithic Period (beginning of the 5th millennium. The Blicquy group is constituted of eleven sites located in Belgium, with two main centers of occupation: one Western in Hainaut and one Eastern in Hesbaye, 100 km away from the first. As part of a PhD, the lithic industry of these sites is studied in order to reconstruct the circulation networks through a techno-economic analysis. It has been complex to identify the raw materials, given the lack of information about the siliceous outcrops in the Mons Basin. However, two main circulation networks have been highlighted: one of Ghlin flint and one of tertiary Bartonian flint. These two types of flint are indeed easily recognizable by their macroscopic characteristics. The outcrops of tertiary Bartonian flints originate from the Paris Basin, where systematic surveys have been conducted since the late 1980s. The circulation of tertiary Bartonian flint is now well-known and emblematic of the Blicquy - Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture. Therefore, this paper will focus on the circulation of Ghlin flint in the Blicquy-Villeneuve-Saint-Germain culture. The Ghlin flint shows on the surface in the Mons Basin, about twenty kilometers away from the Hainaut sites. Heavily exploited in the latter, it was exported to the Hesbaye sites in a significant way, despite the availability of siliceous resources available in Hesbaye. Moreover, some artifacts circulated towards the Paris Basin. The study of the circulation of Ghlin flint can therefore help to determine the socio-economic organization of these populations by specifying the linkages between the population centers of Hainaut, Hesbaye and Paris Basin.

  4. La documentation des peintures murales de la Chapelle des fresques de Villeneuve-lès Avignon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Feillou


    Full Text Available La documentation réalisée en vue de la conservation - restauration des peintures murales de la Chapelle des fresques de Villeneuve-lès-Avignon est liée à la constitution d’une base de données fondée sur la représentation 3D de l’intérieur peint de la chapelle. L’intégration et la spatialisation des données de la documentation dans cette base engendrent alors le questionnement des outils de réalisation de la documentation et la formulation d'une méthode de travail s'appuyant sur l'usage de nouvelles technologies numériques.The documentation led for the conservation restauration of the mural paintings of the Chaterhouse of Villeneuve lès Avignon is linked with the constitution of a data base based on the 3D representation of the painted interior’s chapel. Thus the integration and spatialisation of the documentation’s datas in this database engender the wondering about documentation tools and the establishment of a work’s methodology based on new digital technology’s.

  5. Ouvrages d’assainissement des eaux et qualité du milieu récepteur en zone urbaine : cas de rejets dans La Marque à Villeneuve d’Ascq


    Ivanovsky, Anastasia


    The Marque River is a little watercourse located in a peri-urban watershed in Northern France, going through agricultural and urban areas. Nearby Villeneuve d’Ascq, this river receives waters from two main water treatment plants: (i) the waste water treatment plant of Villeneuve d’Ascq; and (ii) the waters from a stormwater basin, the Heron lake. In order to improve the understanding of the functioning of the river in this area, low and high frequencies monitoring have been undertaken in 2014...

  6. Military co-operation with South Caucasus countries / Rafal Seniuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seniuch, Rafal


    Ettekanne Poola ja Lõuna-Kaukaasia vabariikide vahelisest sõjalis-poliitilisest koostööst 22.-23. septembrini 2003 Vilniuses toimunud seminaril "South Caucasus: making the best use of external assistance for stability building and for co-operation with NATO"

  7. Endogenous Saccade Preparation Does Not Produce Inhibition of Return: Failure to Replicate Rafal, Calabresi, Brennan, & Sciolto (1989) (United States)

    Chica, Ana B.; Klein, Raymond M.; Rafal, Robert D.; Hopfinger, Joseph B.


    Inhibition of Return (IOR, slower reaction times to previously cued or inspected locations) is observed both when eye movements are prohibited, and when the eyes move to the peripheral location and back to the centre before the target appears. It has been postulated that both effects are generated by a common mechanism, the activation of the…


    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — USAGE OF DISSIMILARITY MEASURES AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL SCALING FOR LARGE SCALE SOLAR DATA ANALYSIS Juan M Banda, Rafal Anrgyk ABSTRACT: This work describes the...

  9. Conolly, R.B., Ankley, G.T., Cheng, WY., Mayo, M.L., Miller, D.H., Perkins, E.J., Villeneuve, D.L., and Watanable, K.H. (2017). Quantitative adverse outcome pathways and their application ot predictive toxicology. Environ. Sci. Technol. 51, 4661–4672 (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — A publised mansucript describing a quantitative adverse outcome pathway (qAOP) and its relevance to risk assessment. This dataset is not publicly accessible because:...

  10. Filme kaladest : "Maelströmi" külm langemine, "Bo Ba Bu" kiviaegne röhkimine ja vanameister Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all" / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-


    Temaatiliselt koos vaadeldakse kolme erineva kultuuritaustaga režissööri filme : kanadalase Denis Villeneuve "Maelström", usbeki Ali Hamrajevi "Bo Ba Bu" ja jaapanlase Shohei Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all"

  11. Classification of lipolytic enzymes and their biotechnological applications in the pulping industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ramnath, L


    Full Text Available to release free fatty acids and glycerol in a liquid medium (Villeneuve et al. 2000). In limited liquid envi- ronments, these enzymes are capable of reversing this reaction (esterification) via acidolysis, interesterification, and alcoholysis (Villeneuve et...), Ophistoma sp. (Calero-Rueda et al. 2002), Penicillium sp. (Horne et al. 2002), Aspergillus sp. (Giuliani et al. 2001), Humicola sp. (Hatzakis et al. 2003), Sporotrichum sp. (Topakas et al. 2003), Saccharomyces sp. (Lomolino et al. 2003), Candida sp. (Ghosh...

  12. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva


    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Arvo Pärt on enim mängitud nüüdishelilooja. Suurbritannia muusikutele kõrge tunnustus. Rafal Blechacz pälvis Gilmore'i auhinna. Minnesota orkestri probleemid jätkuvad. Viini Kontserdimaja on rahalistes raskustes. Wojciech Kilar (1932-2013)

  13. A Decision Analysis Framework for Evaluation of Helmet Mounted Display Alternatives for Fighter Aircraft (United States)


    flown on F-16, AV-8B, Tornado 1990s TopSight/TopNight Thales Avionics Fielded on Mirage and Rafale 1990s Joint Helmet Mounted Cuing System (JHMCS...reliability, a decreasing categorical value function can be used since there is no intermediate gradation between location types (Figure 27). 84 Figure

  14. Building Partnership Capacity: Operation Harmattan and Beyond (United States)


    leaders, President Sarkozy announced that he had ordered French planes into the skies above Libya. In all, eight Rafales from Saint -Dizier, two Mirage...destroyer Forbin and antiair frigate Jean Bart were already off the coast of Libya, the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, recently returned

  15. Workshop on Design Loads for Advanced Fighters: Meeting of the Structures and Materials Panel of AGARD (64th) Held in Madrid (Spain) on 27 April-1 May 1987. (United States)


    artificial intelligence system. It is posited that combining such a system, referred to informally as "Guardian", with a system incorporating aircraft...Proceedings of the Aerospace Medical Association Annual Scientific Meeting, 1976. 13. Van Patten, R. E. Current research on an artificial intelligence ...avions qui l’ont suivi (MIRAGE 4000, MIR. III NG et RAFALE) avec leur syst~me de commande de vol electrique et leur stabilite artificielle , a achev

  16. Global Cooperation and Competition in the Defense and Aerospace Industries (United States)


    April 27, 2009, from LexisNexis Academic . Felstead, P. (2009, May 19). French industry buoyant over Rafale export prospects. Jane’s Defense Week...April 27, 2009, from LexisNexis Academic . Franck, Raymond, Ira Lewis and Bernard Udis (2008a), Echoes across the Pond: Understanding EU-US Defense...EADS woes mount as A400M hits turbulence. The Daily Telegraph (London), 5. Retrieved April 27, 2009, from LexisNexis Academic . Hagelin, B. (2006

  17. Utilisation de l'analyse sémantique latente pour tenter d'optimiser l'acquisition par exposition à une langue étrangère de spécialité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Zampa


    Full Text Available Cet article présente l'utilisation de l'analyse sémantique latente (Latent Semantic Analysis dans un prototype d'acquisition de langue étrangère de spécialité. Ce prototype nommé Rafales (Recueil Automatique Favorisant l'Acquisition d'une Langue Étrangère de Spécialité a pour finalité d'optimiser l'acquisition d'une langue étrangère en fournissant des lectures à l'apprenant. Les textes fournis à l'apprenant dépendent de ses connaissances ainsi que des connaissances du domaine de spécialité. L'article est divisé en trois parties, la première présente l'analyse sémantique latente, son fonctionnement et ses utilisations. La seconde partie présente Rafales, son architecture et son fonctionnement. Enfin la dernière partie présente les résultats de l'expérimentation du prototype auprès d'apprenants ainsi que les raisons qui nous ont poussées à utiliser cette analyse dans Rafales.

  18. Figurines de terre cuite en Méditerranée grecque et romaine, 2. Iconographie et contextes


    Albertocchi, Marina


    Marina Albertocchi recensisce il libro Figurines de terre cuite en Méditerranée grecque et romaine, 2. Iconographie et contextes. Edited by A. Muller and E. Lafli. Pp. 700, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, Villeneuve d’Ascq 2015. ISBN 978-2-7574-1133-9.

  19. Determination of levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Identification and quantification of the PAH components was accomplished using a gas chromatographic system (6890 series and .... PVC pipes) in June, 2012 between the hours of 8-. 10am. A total of nine batch soil samples made into .... can induce dioxin-like activity and weakened estrogenic responses (Villeneuve et al., ...

  20. Electronic properties of organic monolayers and molecular devices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Institut d'Electronique, de Micro-electronique et de Nanotechnologie, CNRS, Molecular Nanostructures and Devices Group, BP69, Avenue Poincaré, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France; Centre de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication, Université de Reims, BP 1039, 51687 ...

  1. Projections of Veronese surface and morphisms from projective ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. A El Mazouni1 F Laytimi2 D S Nagaraj3. Laboratoire de Mathematiques de Lens EA 2462, Faculte des Sciences Jean Perrin Rue Jean Souvraz, SP18 F-62307 LENS Cedex, France; Mathematiques - bat. M2, Universite Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France; Institute of Mathematical Sciences, ...

  2. ABCC6 is unlikely to be a modifier gene for familial Mediterranean ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1CHU Toulouse, Hopital Purpan, Service de Génétique Médicale, Toulouse, F 31400, France. 2INSERM, U563, Centre de Physiopathologie de Toulouse Purpan, Toulouse, F 31300 France. 3Université Toulouse III Paul-Sabatier, Toulouse F 31400 France. 4Laboratoire de Génétique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, CHU ...

  3. Using possibility of dried rose (Rosa damascena Mill

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ahnir Anida

    The unit proposed by Haugh (1937) uses a log scale and applies an adjustment for egg weight corresponding to a regression of 0.05 mm/g (Eisen et al., 1962). Silversides & Villeneuve (1994) has criticized the Haugh unit and has shown that the adjustment for egg weight implied by the Haugh unit is incorrect, except ...

  4. Morphology of immature stages of Atherigona reversura (Diptera: Muscidae), with notes on the recent invasion of North America

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grzywacz, Andrzej; Pape, Thomas; Hudson, William G.


    The muscid shoot-fly Atherigona reversura Villeneuve (Diptera: Muscidae), recently introduced to North America, is reported for the first time from the Neotropical Region: Mexico, Chiapas, Chiapa de Corzo. Information about distribution throughout the continent is summarized. Morphology of the se...

  5. A general vanishing theorem

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. F Laytimi1 W Nahm2. Mathématiques - bât. M2, Université Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France; Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 10 Burlington Road, Dublin 4, Ireland ...

  6. Napoleon’s Strategic Failures (United States)


    misgivings about the qualities of his chosen commander.”20 Villeneuve was shown to be clearly incapable of commanding the naval forces of Napoleon on...policies impacting the internal economies of Europe was the significant rise in prices for such items as coffee, saffron , spices and sugar. These...the following letter sent on 25 July, “You are a spoilt young fellow, although you are full of fine natural qualities . I very much fear it is

  7. Projections of Veronese surface and morphisms from projective ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1Laboratoire de Mathématiques de Lens EA 2462, Faculté des Sciences Jean Perrin. Rue Jean Souvraz, SP18 F-62307 LENS Cedex, France. 2Mathématiques - bât. M2, Université Lille 1, F-59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. 3Institute of Mathematical Sciences C.I.T. Campus, Taramani, Chennai 600 113, India.

  8. European Conference on Laser Interaction with Matter (16th ECLIM), Imperial College, London, 26-30 September 1983. Book of Abstracts. (United States)


    media D.J. BOND, Imperial College, London . .. . . . . . . . . . B14 - P Instability and chaos in laser plasma interaction J.L. BOBIN , Universit4 Pierre...function if the transition is not inverted. > - B14 Instability and Chaos in Laser Plasma Interaction J L Bobin Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris...University of Birmingham Dr J L Bobin Universite Pierre et Marie Curie Paris Dr J L Bocher CEA Villeneuve St Georges Dr S E Bodner Naval Research

  9. Microbial Pathogenesis and Host Defense. (United States)


    J.M., Departamento de Microbiologia , Universidad de Barcelona, Spain: The influence of growth temperature and osmolarity on lipopolysaccharide and...tica Molecular y Microbiologia , Facultad de Ciencias Biol6gicas, Universidad Catclica de Chile: Effect of heterologous expression of S. typhimurium... Microbiologia , Universiti degli Studi di Parma, 21stituto Superiore di SanitA, Roma, Italy; 3INSERM U42, Villeneuve, d’Ascq, France: Human natural

  10. Morphology and identification of first instars of the European and Mediterranean blowflies of forensic importance. Part II. Luciliinae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szpila, K.; Hall, M. J. R.; Pape, Thomas


    First instars of Lucilia ampullacea Villeneuve, Lucilia caesar Linnaeus, Lucilia cuprina Weidemann, Lucilia richardsi Collin, Lucilia sericata Meigen and Lucilia silvarum Meigen (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are thoroughly documented with scanning electron microscopy images, light microscopy photographs...... larva of L. richardsi is described for the first time and an identification key to the first instars of European species of Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy of forensic importance is presented....

  11. Critical submergence for isolated and dual rectangular intakes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kerem Taştan

    China Tech. Sci. 54(4): 799–805. [6] Suerich-Gulick F, Gaskin S, Villeneuve M and Parkinson E. 2014 Characteristics of free-surface vortices at low-head hydropower intakes. J. Hydraulic Eng. 140(3): 291–299. [7] Tastan K and Yıldırım N 2010 Effects of dimensionless parameters on air-entraining vortices. J. Hydraulic Res.

  12. A complementary geothermal application; Une application complementaire de la geothermie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bedard, R. [Inst. de readaptation en deficience, Physique de Quebec, PQ (Canada)


    A geothermal project for air conditioning and heating at four health centres in Quebec was presented. The four health centres are: le centre Dominique-Tremblay, le centre Cardinal-Villeneuve, le centre Louis-Hebert, et le centre Francois-Charon. The investment made to install the geothermal heating and cooling system, the cost of operating the system, and energy savings resulting from the investment were discussed.

  13. Conformal Antennas, Research Program Review and Workshop Held at Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia, on 15-16 April 1975 (United States)


    Panel Members Professor Alexander Hessel , Polytechnic Institute of N.Y. Dr. W.H. Kummer. Hughes Aircraft Co. Mr. B. Sheleg, Naval Research Laboratory...Arrays, Studies and Experiment 25 A.T. Villeneuve, Hughes Aircraft Company Surface Ray Analysis of Conformal Arrays 51 A. Hessel , J. Shmoys...curvature on the radiation patterns of sources on cones. (Shmoys Sc Hessel , 1974) However, as presently applied, the geometric theory of diffrac- tion

  14. Special Course on Cryogenic Technology for Wind Tunnel Testing, (United States)


    attempt to detine precisely. le then ,-xamine th’ torr itittmp t tot I-tj -iots in d’ligt ng ,t , oge I- tinipd tsttei tr good producti’ity in opeattion...a025-m chordata Mach number of 1 0 Perform- lion d’une Rafale Cryogenique dens une Soufflerie de Type Eiffel ance of all systems was basically as...expected Setup for the detailed Atmospherique a Ralale Courte Producing a Cryogenic Gust In an K’ V.1 If Eiffel Type Atmospheric Wind Tunnel With Short

  15. Steady State Numerical Solution of Magnetically Insulated Charge Flow in Coaxial Geometry. (United States)


    C THE RADDER PROGRAM C ------------------------------- -------------------------- PARAMIETER MDR -750 C LOGICAL LAZ.LCIH,LIOOS INTEGER...E9YIMC2*8C*RC U3 - E9Y;:CaJUO/3.0E2 W-.(A:t C-RC )/DFLOAT( MDR ) FACT-DiR/24.e IRITE(6.CUESS) URITE(6,GIIJEM) 8***GEhERATE THE CURREHT FLUX COEFFICIENTS...Godwal 1 copy A. S. Paithankar 1 copy CEA , Centre de Etudes de Lemeil B. P. 27 94190 Villeneuve, Saint George France Attn: A. Bernard 1 copy A. Jolas 1

  16. Photothermal Thermography Applied to the Non-destructive Testing of Different Types of Works of Art (United States)

    Bodnar, J. L.; Mouhoubi, K.; Szatanik-Perrier, G.; Vallet, J. M.; Detalle, V.


    In this article, various cases in helping to restore works of art by stimulated infrared thermography are presented. First, the method allows detecting old restorations found on a mural painting in the French senate. Then, it is demonstrated how the photothermal method enables determination of the underlying structure of the mural painting "The Apotheosis of Saint Bruno" in the Charterhouse of Villeneuve-lez-Avignon. Finally, the method allows locating separate canvas paintings on "Avenant de l'aurore" in the "Luxembourg" French Senate building.

  17. Source par décharge capillaire pour la lithographie EUV (United States)

    Cachoncinlle, C.; Robert, E.; Sarroukh, O.; Gonthiez, T.; Viladrosa, R.; Fleurier, C.; Pouvesle, J. M.


    Dans ce travail, nous présentons les caractéristiques de la lampe à décharge capillaire Capella. Cette source de rayonnement E W peut produire un flux de photon supérieur au Watt (2% BW, 13.5 nm) avec un rendement à la prise de courant de plus de 0.1%. Elle fonctionne soit en mode pulsé à 150 Hz soit en rafale en générant des trains d'impulsion au kilohertz. La stabilité spatiale de la source est meilleure que 50pm et sa stabilité temporelle atteint 0.3%. La longévité de la source est supérieure à 10^7 tirs.

  18. A re-description of the ciliate genus and type species, Balantidium entozoon. (United States)

    Grim, J Norman; Buonanno, Federico


    Members of the ciliate genus Balantidium possess a specialized "Villeneuve-Brachon's" field of somatic cilia to the right of the vestibule, or in a dextroral location. Specimens of the type species were collected in Italy and fixed for study by light microscopy, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The presence of the field in the type species and several other species of the genus indicates a need to re-describe the genus by including details of the ultrastructure of that field. Scanning electron microscopy shows that the field consists of one row of relatively short cilia of uniform length flanked on each side by 2-3 rows, or more, of very short cilia. Their kinetids have typical litostome structure in transmission electron micrographs. We speculate on a possible function for the Villeneuve-Brachon's field and also present morphometric data on the type species. The base sequence of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene of Balantidium entozoon has been determined and found to differ by 5% from that of B. coli. Based on the location and ultrastructure, organelles found around the somatic kinetosomes and within inter-kinetal ridges of B. entozoon were identified as hydrogenosomes.

  19. Action Française and culture : Life, Times and Legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Fraixe


    Full Text Available Review of: Olivier Dard, Michel Leymarie, Neil McWilliam (éds, Le maurrassisme et la culture. L’Action française. Culture, société, politique (III, Villeneuve-d’Ascq, Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2010. This book is the result of a collective work on the intellectual hegemony which the Action Française exercised in France in the interwar period. It studies some of the main actors who constructed Maurrassism, the stategies which allowed them to dominate French cultural life from the beginning of the 1920s to the end of World War II and their ideology. It shows how this ideology was disseminated in different fields, history, literature, music, etc. and how this plural approach contributed to the success of a movement whose aim was to disqualify the very idea of democracy.

  20. Salemea sororia sp. n. and Heteronychia obvia sp. n., two new species of flesh-flies from Sicily (Diptera, Sarcophagidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalibor Povolný


    Full Text Available Salemea sororia sp. n. and Heteronychia obvia sp. n. are next two new discoveries of flesh-flies from Erico arboreae-Quercetum Ilicis formation above Trabia (Palermo. These two obviously very rare taxa were collected near the hilltop of Pizzo Onofrio-Casina (Trabia near Palermo at 773 m a.s.l., where the flesh-flies were systematically captured in a hilltopping situation at the turn of May/June of the years 1997 –2003. In connection with the description of Salemea sororia sp. n. the complicated taxonomy, synonymy and distribution of Salemea ferox (Villeneuve, 1908 are discussed. As for Heteronychia obvia sp. n., its description is completed by the comparison with three related species of the genus Heteronychia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889. Male genitalia and last abdominal segments are figured (partly in colour.

  1. Les sillons plissés du Burundien supérieur dans la chaı̂ne Kibarienne d'Afrique centrale (United States)

    Villeneuve, Michel; Chorowicz, Jean


    The Kibaran belt that extends all over the central Africa, from the Katanga to the southern Uganda, straddles the African great lakes area. The Kibaran stratigraphy is one of the most debated questions. Some geologists favoured two different systems: the Ruzizian system (1800-2000 Ma) and the Burundian or Kibaran system (1600-960 Ma). Some others favoured a single Burundian system with large areas granitised and metamorphosed during several Burundian tectonic events and with a lot of sedimentary fold belts of the Burundian age. Recent geological data and new remote sensing interpretations allow us to favour the second hypothesis but with a major disconformity within the Burundian system which is separating the Upper and the Lower Burundian. To cite this article: M. Villeneuve, J. Chorowicz, C. R. Geoscience 336 (2004).

  2. History of tachinid classification (Diptera, Tachinidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James O Hara


    Full Text Available The history of the classification of the Tachinidae (Diptera is traced from Meigen to the present. The contributions of Robineau-Desvoidy, Townsend, Villeneuve, Mesnil, Herting, Wood and many others are discussed within a chronological, taxonomic, and geographic context. The gradual development of the Tachinidae into its modern concept as a family of the Oestroidea and the emergence of the classificatory scheme of tribes and subfamilies in use today are reviewed. Certain taxa that have in the past been difficult to place, or continue to be of uncertain affinity, are considered and some are given in a table to show their varied historical treatments. The more significant systematic works published on the Tachinidae in recent decades are enumerated chronologically.

  3. Shale gas, a hazardous exploitation; Gaz de schiste, une exploitation a risque

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maincent, G.


    In march 2010 three authorizations to search for shale gases were delivered in France in the regions of Montelimar, Nant and Villeneuve-de-Berg. A general public outcry has led the government to freeze the projects till a complete assessment of the impact on the environment is made. The fears of the public are based on the feedback experience in the Usa where some underground waters were polluted. The source of pollution is twofold: first the additives used in the injected fluids (methanol as an anti-microbic agent, hydrochloric acid to dissolve natural cements or glycol ethylene as a deposit inhibitor) and secondly metal particles of copper, zinc or lead trapped in the clay layers and released by the injection of the fluids. It appears also that the injection of high pressure fluids near a crack can induce earth tremors by reactivating the crack. (A.C.)

  4. Unconventional secretion of FABP4 by endosomes and secretory lysosomes. (United States)

    Villeneuve, Julien; Bassaganyas, Laia; Lepreux, Sebastien; Chiritoiu, Marioara; Costet, Pierre; Ripoche, Jean; Malhotra, Vivek; Schekman, Randy


    An appreciation of the functional properties of the cytoplasmic fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) has advanced with the recent demonstration that an extracellular form secreted by adipocytes regulates a wide range of physiological functions. Little, however, is known about the mechanisms that mediate the unconventional secretion of FABP4. Here, we demonstrate that FABP4 secretion is mediated by a membrane-bounded compartment, independent of the conventional endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi secretory pathway. We show that FABP4 secretion is also independent of GRASP proteins, autophagy, and multivesicular bodies but involves enclosure within endosomes and secretory lysosomes. We highlight the physiological significance of this pathway with the demonstration that an increase in plasma levels of FABP4 is inhibited by chloroquine treatment of mice. These findings chart the pathway of FABP4 secretion and provide a potential therapeutic means to control metabolic disorders associated with its dysregulated secretion. © 2018 Villeneuve et al.

  5. Le Sacré Collège en villégiature : le palais d’un cardinal au temps de la papauté avignonnaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Sournia


    Full Text Available Lieu de villégiature cardinalice au temps de la papauté avignonnaise, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon conserve quelques vestiges des palais de plusieurs membres du Sacré Collège. Le palais de Thurroye est l'un d'eux, successivement habité par Bertrand de Deaux, Guy de Boulogne et Pierre de Thury, aujourd'hui très morcelé et profondément bouleversé. Le présent article propose une restitution de cette résidence à la lumière de descriptions anciennes d'autres palais semblables de la banlieue avignonnaise, à la lumière notamment de la relation toscane d'une fête donnée dans l'un des palais en 1353 en présence de Clément VI. L'analyse fait apparaître le schéma type de ces demeures avec leur cour et leur portique, leur distribution à double grand-salle etc.During the Avignon papacy, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon was a place of summer retreat for the cardinals. Today, the town still has some vestiges of the palaces of several members of the Holy College. The Thurroye palace is one of these, successively occupied by Bertrand de Deaux, Guy de Boulogne and Pierre de Thury. It is now considerably altered. The present article proposes a restitution of the residence, based on old descriptions of similar palaces in the region of Avignon and, in particular, on the Tuscan account of a fete given at one of these palaces in 1353, in the presence of Pope Clément VI. The analysis depicts a typical layout for these residences with a courtyard and a gateway and their interior distribution with two large chambers.

  6. Not all attention orienting is created equal: recognition memory is enhanced when attention orienting involves distractor suppression. (United States)

    Markant, Julie; Worden, Michael S; Amso, Dima


    Learning through visual exploration often requires orienting of attention to meaningful information in a cluttered world. Previous work has shown that attention modulates visual cortex activity, with enhanced activity for attended targets and suppressed activity for competing inputs, thus enhancing the visual experience. Here we examined the idea that learning may be engaged differentially with variations in attention orienting mechanisms that drive eye movements during visual search and exploration. We hypothesized that attention orienting mechanisms that engaged suppression of a previously attended location would boost memory encoding of the currently attended target objects to a greater extent than those that involve target enhancement alone. To test this hypothesis we capitalized on the classic spatial cueing task and the inhibition of return (IOR) mechanism (Posner, 1980; Posner, Rafal, & Choate, 1985) to demonstrate that object images encoded in the context of concurrent suppression at a previously attended location were encoded more effectively and remembered better than those encoded without concurrent suppression. Furthermore, fMRI analyses revealed that this memory benefit was driven by attention modulation of visual cortex activity, as increased suppression of the previously attended location in visual cortex during target object encoding predicted better subsequent recognition memory performance. These results suggest that not all attention orienting impacts learning and memory equally. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Oral microbiome and peri-implant diseases: where are we now?

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    Pokrowiecki R


    Full Text Available Rafal Pokrowiecki,1 Agnieszka Mielczarek,2 Tomasz Zareba,3 Stefan Tyski3,4 1Department of Head and Neck Surgery-Maxillofacial Surgery, Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology, Prof Stanislaw Popowski Voivoid Children Hospital, Olsztyn, 2Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, 3Department of Antibiotics and Microbiology, National Medicines Institute, 4Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: Peri-implant infective diseases (PIIDs in oral implantology are commonly known as peri-implant mucositis (PIM and periimplantitis (PI. While PIM is restricted to the peri-implant mucosa and is reversible, PI also affects implant-supporting bone and, therefore, is very difficult to eradicate. PIIDs in clinical outcome may resemble gingivitis and periodontitis, as they share similar risk factors. However, recent study in the field of proteomics and other molecular studies indicate that PIIDs exhibit significant differences when compared to periodontal diseases. This review aims to elucidate the current knowledge of PIIDs, their etiopathology and diversified microbiology as well as the role of molecular studies, which may be a key to personalized diagnostic and treatment protocols of peri-implant infections in the near future. Keywords: dental plaque, infection, titanium, microbiome, periimplantitis

  8. Exploring the relationship between object realism and object-based attention effects. (United States)

    Roque, Nelson; Boot, Walter R


    Visual attention prioritizes processing of locations in space, and evidence also suggests that the benefits of attention can be shaped by the presence of objects (object-based attention). However, the prevalence of object-based attention effects has been called into question recently by evidence from a large-sampled study employing classic attention paradigms (Pilz et al., 2012). We conducted two experiments to explore factors that might determine when and if object-based attention effects are observed, focusing on the degree to which the concreteness and realism of objects might contribute to these effects. We adapted the classic attention paradigm first reported by Egly, Driver, and Rafal (1994) by replacing abstract bar stimuli in some conditions with objects that were more concrete and familiar to participants: items of silverware. Furthermore, we varied the realism of these items of silverware, presenting either cartoon versions or photo-realistic versions. Contrary to predictions, increased realism did not increase the size of object-based effects. In fact, no clear object-based effects were observed in either experiment, consistent with previous failures to replicate these effects in similar paradigms. While object-based attention may exist, and may have important influences on how we parse the visual world, these and other findings suggest that the two-object paradigm typically relied upon to study object-based effects may not be the best paradigm to investigate these issues. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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    Antonio Gil Olcina


    Full Text Available Se analiza en este artículo el desmoronamiento y desintegració n de las Pías Fundaciones creadas por el Cardenal Belluga en e l B a j o Segura durante la primera mitad del XVIII. Merced a su enorme influencia, el prelado obtuvo mediante cesio nes diversas una superficie en torno a 40.000 tahúllas (4.472 ha. de humedales y terrenos pantanosos, que fueron saneados y en su gran mayoría establecidos a censo enfitéutico. Una serie de valiosos estudios han analizado la vida y la o bra de Belluga, pero apenas se había investigado el desmantelamiento por las disposiciones desamortizadoras de las Pías Fundaciones. Mermadas con motivo de la real orden de 25 de septiembre de 1798 y declarado en estado de venta el patrimonio subsistente por ley de 1 de mayo de 1855, la consolidación de dominios se efectuó, empero, al amparo de la poco conocida ley de 11 de marzo de 1859. A través de la Contaduría de Hipotecas se ha podido documentar el pro ceso de redención de censos por los enfiteutas. Objeto de consideración es asimismo la problemática planteada en el término de Dolores por la devolución a la Casa de Rafal, en cumplimiento de sentencia del Tribunal Supremo, de las tierras de Majada Vieja.

  10. Lexical- and perceptual-based object effects in the two-rectangle cueing paradigm. (United States)

    Liu, Donglai; Wang, Yonghui; Zhou, Xiaolin


    Previous studies demonstrate that attentional selection can be object-based, in which the object is defined in terms of Gestalt principles or lexical organizations. Here we investigate how attentional selection functions when the two types of objects are manipulated jointly. Experiment 1 replicated Li and Logan (2008) by showing that attentional shift between two Chinese characters is more efficient when they form a compound word than when they form a nonword. Experiment 2A presented characters either alone or within rectangles (Egly, Driver, & Rafal, 1994) and the characters in a rectangle formed either a word or a nonword. Experiment 2B differed from Experiment 2A in that the two characters forming a word were in different rectangles. Experiment 3A presented the two characters of a word either within a rectangle or in different rectangles. Experiment 3B used the same design as Experiment 3A but presented stimuli of different types in random orders, rather than in blocks as in Experiments 2A, 2B and 3A. In blocked presentation, detection responses to the target color on a character were faster when this character and the cue character formed a word than when they did not, and the size of this lexical-based object effect did not vary according to whether the two characters were presented alone or within or between rectangles. In random presentation, however, the lexical-based object effect was diminished when the two characters of a word were presented in different rectangles. Overall, these findings suggest that the processes that constrain attention deployment over conjoined objects can be strategically adjusted. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Interocular grouping without awareness. (United States)

    Lin, San-Yuan; Yeh, Su-Ling


    Interocular grouping occurs when different parts of an image presented to each eye bound into a coherent whole. Previous studies anticipated that these parts are visible to both eyes simultaneously (i.e., the images altered back and forth). Although this view is consistent with the general consensus of binocular rivalry (BR) that suppressed stimuli receive no processing beyond rudimentary level (i.e., adaptation), it is actually inconsistent with studies that use continuous flash suppression (CFS). CFS is a form of interocular suppression that is more stable and causes stronger suppression of stimuli than BR. In the present study, we examined whether or not interocular grouping needs to occur at a conscious level as prior studies suggested. The modified double-rectangle paradigm used by Egly, Driver, and Rafal (1994) was adopted, and object-based attention was directed for successful grouping. To induce interocular grouping, we presented complementary parts of two rectangles dichoptically for possible interocular grouping and a dynamic Mondrian in front of one eye (i.e., CFS). Two concurrent targets were presented after one of the visible parts of the rectangles was cued. Participants were asked to judge which target appeared first. We found that the target showed on the cued rectangle after interocular grouping was reported to appear first more frequently than the target on the uncued rectangle. This result was based on the majority of trials where the suppressed parts of the objects remained invisible, which indicates that interocular grouping can occur without all the to-be-grouped parts being visible and without awareness. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Guide de compilation et d’analyse de données pour la version enfants de la Batterie de Montréal d’Évaluation de l’Amusie (BMEA

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    Annie Taillon


    Full Text Available L’amusie congénitale consiste en une difficulté hautement spécifique à développer une compétence musicale normale, malgré des habiletés langagières et mnémoniques intactes. On estime à environ 4% la prévalence de l’amusie dans la population générale. L’amusie peut être détectée à l’aide de la Batterie de Montréal d’Évaluation de l’Amusie (BMEA. En 2005, une version pour enfants de la BMEA a été élaborée par Villeneuve et Peretz. Cette version est constituée de cinq tâches, chacune évaluant le fonctionnement d’une composante musicale distincte. Le guide qui suit a été élaboré afin de faciliter l’entrée, la compilation ainsi que l’analyse des données de la version enfant de la BMEA. Quelques suggestions et mises en gardes relatives à l’utilisation de la batterie sont également mentionnées.

  13. Forensic entomology cases in Thailand: a review of cases from 2000 to 2006. (United States)

    Sukontason, Kom; Narongchai, Paitoon; Kanchai, Chaturong; Vichairat, Karnda; Sribanditmongkol, Pongruk; Bhoopat, Tanin; Kurahashi, Hiromu; Chockjamsai, Manoch; Piangjai, Somsak; Bunchu, Nophawan; Vongvivach, Somsak; Samai, Wirachai; Chaiwong, Tarinee; Methanitikorn, Rungkanta; Ngern-Klun, Rachadawan; Sripakdee, Duanghatai; Boonsriwong, Worachote; Siriwattanarungsee, Sirisuda; Srimuangwong, Chaowakit; Hanterdsith, Boonsak; Chaiwan, Khankam; Srisuwan, Chalard; Upakut, Surasak; Moopayak, Kittikhun; Vogtsberger, Roy C; Olson, Jimmy K; Sukontason, Kabkaew L


    This paper presents and discusses 30 cases of cadavers that had been transferred for forensic entomology investigations to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, northern Thailand, from 2000 to 2006. Variable death scenes were determined, including forested area and suburban and urban outdoor and indoor environments. The fly specimens found in the corpses obtained were the most commonly of the blow fly of family Calliphoridae, and consisted of Chrysomya megacephala (F.), Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) Chrysomya villeneuvi Patton, Chrysomya nigripes Aubertin, Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya chani Kurahashi, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann), Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann), and two unknown species. Flies of the family Muscidae [Hydrotaea spinigera Stein, Synthesiomyia nudiseta (Wulp)], Piophilidae [Piophila casei (L.)], Phoridae [Megaselia scalaris (Loew)], Sarcophagidae [Parasarcophaga ruficornis (F.) and three unknown species], and Stratiomyiidae (Sargus sp.) were also collected from these human remains. Larvae and adults of the beetle, Dermestes maculatus DeGeer (Coleoptera: Dermestidae), were also found in some cases. Chrysomya megacephala and C. rufifacies were the most common species found in the ecologically varied death scene habitats associated with both urban and forested areas, while C. nigripes was commonly discovered in forested places. S. nudiseta was collected only from corpses found in an indoor death scene.

  14. Medical approach to the treatment of feline injection site sarcoma with masitinib: a case report

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    Ledoux JM


    Full Text Available Jean-Marie Ledoux,1 Pascal Brun,2 Tom Chapuis,2 Paul Dumas,3 Jean Guillotin41Veterinary Surgery, Lys-Lez-Lannoy, 2AB Science, Paris, 3Laboratoire de Pathologie Vétérinaire du Nord, Annœullin, 4Laboratoire Départemental Public, Villeneuve d'Ascq, FranceAbstract: Feline injection site sarcoma is a common tumor among cats, for which existing medical treatments do not prove to be entirely satisfactory. In this tumor, the platelet-derived growth factor receptor, a tyrosine kinase receptor, is frequently hyperactivated. In the past, clinical case reports with imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI, have demonstrated tumoral stabilization. Here we describe the use of another TKI, masitinib, which specifically inhibits c-Kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and Lyn, and is currently licensed for veterinary use in canine mast cell tumors. The therapeutic results were initially satisfactory, with regression of the tumor followed by tumoral recurrence which was stabilized and moderately reduced. Further studies are suggested, in order to evaluate the relevance of TKIs in the treatment and prevention of recurrences of feline injection site sarcoma. Tumoral stabilization by means of an inexpensive and reasonably well tolerated treatment would prove to be of true therapeutic relevance, in particular for inoperable feline injection site sarcomas. Another indication for such TKIs could be in preoperative treatment as a means of facilitating surgical excision by reduction of adhesions.Keywords: fibrosarcoma, imatinib, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, tyrosine kinase receptor

  15. Ultrastructure of male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of forensic importance. (United States)

    Sontigun, Narin; Sanit, Sangob; Wannasan, Anchalee; Sukontason, Kom; Amendt, Jens; Yasanga, Tippawan; Sukontason, Kabkaew L


    Male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are distinctive in their morphological features and are often used for species identification. The aim of this work was to investigate the male genitalia of blow flies of medical and forensic importance from Thailand at the ultrastructural level, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Flies in two subfamilies were examined: Chrysomyinae [Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve, Chrysomya chani Kurahashi, Chrysomya nigripes Aubertin, Chrysomya pinguis (Walker), Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya thanomthini Kurahashi & Tumrasvin, and Chrysomya villeneuvi Patton] and Luciliinae [Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann), Hypopygiopsis infumata (Bigot), Hypopygiopsis tumrasvini Kurahashi, Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann), Lucilia papuensis Macquart, Lucilia porphyrina (Walker), and Lucilia sinensis Aubertin]. Particular attention was paid to the main distinguishing features such as the shapes of the cercus and the surstylus, and the complex structure of the distiphallus. The differentiation of the male genitalia of these species at the SEM level is discussed and compared to the conditions in closely related species such as Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius). A key for the identification of 14 blow fly species based on male genitalia is provided. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Dataset of traumatic myiasis observed for three dominant screw worm species in North West Pakistan with first report of Wohlfahrtia magnifica (Schiner

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    Farrah Zaidi


    Full Text Available Regional surveys were carried out in different parts of North West Pakistan among domestic animals (N=57,921 including pets and livestock identifying cases of traumatic myiasis (n=1037. A total of four surveys focused general livestock population during Eid ul Adha (Eid surveys; incidence=1.21% while another four surveys (Miscellaneous surveys; incidence=7.34% targeted animal population brought to veterinary hospitals and dispensaries. Timeframe spanned four years from 2012 to 2015. Maggots were sampled and location of the wound was recorded for each host. Taxonomic identification used light and electron microscopic techniques. Our dataset shows three species as principle agents of myiasis (n=882 including Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve (n=394, Wohlfahrtia magnifica (n=244 and Lucilia cuprina Wiedemann (n=244. Others (n=155 including Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart, Lucilia sericata (Meigen, Lucilia illustris (Meigen, Lucilia porphyrina (Walker, Hemipyrellia ligguriens (Wiedemann, Calliphora vicina (Robineau-Desvoidy, Sarcophaga crassipalpalis (Macquart and Sarcophaga species were identified as species of minor importance. The obligatory screwworm species W. magnifica is a first report from Pakistan. The results based on this dataset are presented in a recent publication “Distribution Modeling of three screwworm species in the ecologically diverse landscape of North West Pakistan” (Zaidi et al., 2016 [1].

  17. Quelques éléments marquants du 13e congrès EuroFedLipid (Florence, 27–30 septembre 2015

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    Deyrieux Charlotte


    Full Text Available Le 13e congrès EuroFedLipid organisé par la SISSG (Società Italiana per lo Studio delle Sostanze Grasse – Société italienne pour l’étude des lipides et des corps gras s’est tenu à Florence (Italie du 27 au 30 septembre 2015. Comme à son habitude, ce congrès a balayé l’ensemble des domaines de la recherche concernant de près ou de loin les lipides avec pas moins de 11 sessions techniques en parallèle. L’objectif de cet article n’est pas de faire un compte-rendu exhaustif mais plutôt de présenter les avancées remarquables dans les sessions suivantes « Processing and sustainability », « Lipid oxidation and antioxidants », « Olive oil », « Health & Nutrition » et « Bioscience, Biocatalysis, Biochemistry ». À noter que Pierre Villeneuve, chercheur au CIRAD et directeur du laboratoire de biotechnologie microbienne et enzymatique des lipides et des agropolymères de l’UMR IATE de Montpellier, a été élu président de l’association Euro Fed Lipid pour la période 2016–2017.

  18. Finding the lost arches of the Medieval Avignon's Bridge (Avignon, Provence, South France): a geoarchaeological approach (United States)

    Ghilardi, M.; Vella, M. A.; Hermitte, D.; Parisot, J. C.; Dussouillez, P.; Fleury, T. J.; Provansal, M.; Delanghe-Sabatier, D.; Demory, F.; Mathé, P. E.; Quesnel, Y.; Danos, S.; Balossino, S.; Delpey, Y.; Hartmann-Virnich, A.; Berthelot, M.


    Acoustic camera techniques) together with geophysical prospections (Electric Resistivity Tomography and Magnetic Cartography methods) in order to reveal potential locations of arches within the modern Rhone River channels (Villeneuve Lez Avignon and Avignon's arms) and on the Barthelasse fluvial island. In addition historical sources, such as maps, were integrated together with the acquired geophysical data in a Geographic Information System in order to identify possible remnant arches. Finally, boreholes have been drilled and later linked with the geophysical data, to reveal the alluvial litho-stratigraphy and describe the geomorphic the changes in the fluvial system. Results clearly reveal the presence of large carved stone accumulation at a regular interval in the Villeneuve-Lez-Avignon and Avignon's branches. An interpretation concerning the shape of the Saint Bénézet Bridge, in a changing morpho-dynamic context, can be assumed and fits well with various sketches and maps established from the 16th to the 17th Centuries. Keywords: Rhone River, Saint Bénézet Medieval Bridge, city of Avignon, Geoarchaeology, Fluvial palaeoenvironments, bathymetric surveys, geophysics, coring, building techniques, building archaeology, iconography

  19. Seasonality of Old World screwworm myiasis in the Mesopotamia valley in Iraq. (United States)

    Siddig, A; Al Jowary, S; Al Izzi, M; Hopkins, J; Hall, M J R; Slingenbergh, J


    Following the first recorded introduction of the Old World screwworm fly (OWS), Chrysomya bezziana Villeneuve (Diptera: Calliphoridae), into the Mesopotamia valley in Iraq in September 1996, cases of livestock myiasis caused by OWS developed a distinctly seasonal pattern. The annual cycle of clinical OWS cases is explained here on the basis of environmental variables that affect the different life-cycle stages of C. bezziana. This analysis suggests that low temperatures restricted pupal development during the winter, whereas the dispersal of adult flies was constrained by hot/dry summer conditions. A restricted number of OWS foci persisted throughout the year. In these foci, pupal development was fastest during the autumn months. In autumn, rapid multiplication, lasting several OWS generations, allowed subsequent adult fly dispersal across the valley floor during the winter. Hence, the monthly incidence of clinical OWS cases in livestock peaked during December-January and was lowest during July-August. In addition to temperature and humidity, vegetation cover played a role in OWS distribution. Hence the majority of OWS cases were clustered in the medium density type of vegetation [normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values of 0.2-0.4] along the main watercourses in the marshy Mesopotamia valley. Although sheep were the host most commonly infested by C. bezziana, local sheep density was not found to be a major factor in disease spread. Satellite imagery and the application of Geographical Information System (GIS) tools were found to be valuable in understanding the distribution of OWS in relation to vegetation and watercourses. The presence of screwworm in Iraq, at the perimeter of the intercontinental OWS distribution, may give rise to major seasonal flare-ups.

  20. Review of forensically important entomological specimens in the period of 1972 - 2002. (United States)

    Lee, H L; Krishnasamy, M; Abdullah, A G; Jeffery, J


    Forensic entomological specimens received by the Unit of Medical Entomology, IMR., from hospitals and the police in Malaysia in the last 3 decades (1972 - 2002) are reviewed. A total of 448 specimens were received. From these, 538 identifications were made with the following results: Eighteen species of cyclorrphaga flies were identified consisting of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) 215 cases (47.99%), Ch. rufifacies (Masquart) 132 (29.46%), Ch. villeneuvi Patton 10 (2.23%), Ch. nigripes Aubertin 7 (1.56%), Ch. bezziana Villeneuve 4 (0.89%), Ch. pinguis (Walker) 1 (0.22%), Chrysomya sp. 47 (10.49%), Sarcophaga sp. 28 (6.25%), Lucilia sp. 21 (4.69%), Hermetia sp. 15 (3.35%), He. illucens (Linnaeus) 1 (0.22%), Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedemann) 3 (0.67%), Hemipyrellia sp. 2 (0.45%), Ophyra spinigera 1 (0.22%), Ophyra sp. 6 (1.34%), Calliphora sp. 24 (5.36%), Synthesiomyia nudiseta (Wulp) 1 (0.22%) and Eristalis sp. 1 (0.22%). Other non - fly insect specimens are Pthirus pubis (Linnaeus) (Pubic louse) 2 (0.45%) and Coleoptera (Beetles) 1 (0.22%). Ch. megacephala and Ch. rufifacies were the commonest species found in cadavers from different ecological habitats. Sy. nudiseta is an uncommon species, thus far found only on cadavers from indoors. Sy. nudiseta is reported for the second time in Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 329 cases (73.44%) had a single fly infestation, 109 cases (24.33%) had double fly infestation and 10 cases (2.23%) had triple fly infestation. Five cases (1.12%) had eggs and 3 cases (0.67%) had larval stages that were not identifiable. No arthropods were retrieved from cadavers in 8 cases (1.79%). In conclusion, although large number of fly species were found on human cadavers, the predominant species are still those of Chrysomya.

  1. The Avignon Bridge: a 3d Reconstruction Project Integrating Archaeological, Historical and Gemorphological Issues (United States)

    Berthelot, M.; Nony, N.; Gugi, L.; Bishop, A.; De Luca, L.


    The history and identity of the Avignon's bridge is inseparable from that of the Rhône river. Therefore, in order to share the history and memory of the Rhône, it is essential to get to know this bridge and especially to identify and make visible the traces of its past, its construction, its interaction with the river dynamics, which greatly influenced his life. These are the objectives of the PAVAGE project that focuses on digitally surveying, modelling and re-visiting a heritage site of primary importance with the aim of virtually restoring the link between the two sides which, after the disappearance of the Roman bridge of Arles, constituted for a long time the only connection between Lyon or Vienna and the sea. Therefore, this project has an important geo-historical dimension for which geo-morphological and paleoenvironmental studies were implemented in connection with the latest digital simulation methods exploiting geographic information systems. By integrating knowledge and reflections of archaeologists, historians, geomorphologists, environmentalists, architects, engineers and computer scientists, the result of this project (which involved 5 laboratories during 4 years) is a 3D digital model covering an extension of 50 km2 achieved by integrating satellite imagery, UAV-based acquisitions, terrestrial laser scanning and photogrammetry, etc. Beyond the actions of scientific valorisation concerning the historical and geomorphological dimensions of the project, the results of this work of this interdisciplinary investigation and interpretation of this site are today integrated within a location-based augmented reality application allowing tourists to exploring the virtual reconstruction of the bridge and its environment through tablets inside the portion of territory covered by this project (between Avignon and Villeneuve-lez-Avignon). This paper presents the main aspects of the 3D virtual reconstruction approach.

  2. Radiological evaluation of the fetal face using three-dimensional ultrasound imaging

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    Bäumler M


    Full Text Available Marcel Bäumler,1–3 Michèle Bigorre,1,4 Jean-Michel Faure1,51CHU Montpellier, Centre de Compétence des Fentes Faciales, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 2Clinique du Parc, Imagerie de la Femme, Castelnau-le-Lez, 3Cabinet de Radiologie du Trident, Lunel, 4CHU Service de Chirurgie Plastique Pédiatrique, Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, 5CHU Montpellier, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, FranceAbstract: This paper reviews screening and three-dimensional diagnostic ultrasound imaging of the fetal face. The different techniques available for analyzing biometric and morphological items of the profile, eyes, ears, lips, and hard and soft palate are commented on and briefly compared with the respective bi-dimensional techniques. The available literature supports the use of three-dimensional ultrasound in difficult prenatal diagnostic conditions because of its diagnostic accuracy, enabling improved safety of perinatal care. Globally, a marked increase has been observed in the accuracy of three-dimensional ultrasound in comparison with the bi-dimensional approach. Because there is no consensus about the performance of the different three-dimensional techniques, future studies are needed in order to compare them and to find the best technique for analysis of each of the respective facial elements. Universal prenatal standards may integrate these potential new findings in the future. At this time, the existing guidelines for prenatal facial screening should not be changed.Keywords: prenatal three-dimensional ultrasound, prenatal screening, prenatal diagnosis, cleft lip and palate, fetal profile, retrognathism

  3. Terahertz analysis of stratified wall plaster at buildings of cultural importance across Europe (United States)

    Walker, Gillian C.; Jackson, J. Bianca; Giovannacci, David; Bowen, John W.; Delandes, Bruno; Labaune, Julien; Mourou, Gerard; Menu, Michel; Detalle, Vincent


    Terahertz (THz) radiation is being developed as a tool for the analysis of cultural heritage, and due to recent advances in technology is now available commercially in systems which can be deployed for field analysis. The radiation is capable of penetrating up to one centimetre of wall plaster and is delivered in ultrafast pulses which are reflected from layers within this region. The technique is non-contact, non-invasive and non-destructive. While sub-surface radar is able to penetrate over a metre of wall plaster, producing details of internal structures, infrared and ultraviolet techniques produce information about the surface layers of wall plaster. THz radiation is able to provide information about the interim region of up to approximately one centimetre into the wall surface. Data from Chartres Cathedral, France, Riga Dome Cathedral, Latvia, and Chartreuse du Val de Bénédiction, France is presented each with different research questions. The presence of sub-surface paint layers was expected from documentary evidence, dating to the 13th Century, at Chartres Cathedral. In contrast, at the Riga Dome Cathedral surface painting had been obscured as recently as 1941 during the Russian occupation of Latvia using white lead-based paint. In the 13th Century, wall paintings at the Chapel of the Frescos, Chartreuse du Val de Benediction in Villeneuve les Avignon were constructed using sinopia under-painting on plaster covering uneven stonework.. This paper compares and contrasts the ability of THz radiation to provide information about sub-surface features in churches and Cathedrals across Europe by analysing depth based profiles gained from the reflected signal.

  4. Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor as a prognostic factor in colorectal cancer on the basis of the Allred scoring system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokita M


    Full Text Available Marta Rokita,1 Rafal Stec,1 Lubomir Bodnar,1 Radoslaw Charkiewicz,2 Jan Korniluk,1 Marta Smoter,1 Marzena Cichowicz,3 Lech Chyczewski,4 Jacek Nikliński,2 Wojciech Kozłowski,3 Cezary Szczylik11Department of Oncology, Military Institute of Medicine, Central Teaching Hospital, Warsaw, Poland; 2Department of Clinical Molecular Biology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland; 3Department of Pathology, Military Institute of the Health Services in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 4Department of Clinical Pathology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, PolandBackground: Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR is found in many types of neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate EGFR expression in colorectal cancer (CRC specimens and to determine whether EGFR expression correlates with clinicopathological data and overall survival.Patients and methods: Tissue specimens from 181 consecutive CRC patients treated at the Military Institute of Medicine in 2006–2010 were collected and examined for EGFR expression, by immunohistochemistry staining. The staining intensity and percentage of cells with membranous EGFR expression were scored and then grouped according to the parameters of the Allred Scoring system. Cutoff values were subjected to further statistical analysis. Univariate tests and a multivariate Cox proportional hazards model were used in data analysis.Results: EGFR was overexpressed in 96 of 181 CRC specimens (53%. EGFR expression was not correlated with other clinicopathological variables. On univariate analysis, overexpression of EGFR, determined by PS (percentage score (>3 and total score (sum of PS and intensity score (>4, was associated with poor overall survival. On multivariate analysis, EGFR overexpression (PS > 3 was an independent adverse prognostic factor (hazard ratio [HR] 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03–2.53. Elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA serum concentration before treatment

  5. Spatial attention facilitates selection of illusory objects: evidence from event-related brain potentials. (United States)

    Martínez, Antígona; Teder-Salejarvi, Wolfgang; Hillyard, Steven A


    The relationship between spatial attention and object-based attention has long been debated. On the basis of behavioral evidence it has been hypothesized that these two forms of attention share a common mechanism, such that directing spatial attention to one part of an object facilitates the selection of the entire object. In a previous study (Martinez, A., Teder-Salejarvi, W., Vazquez, M., Molholm, S., Foxe, J.J., Javitt, D.C., Di Russo, F., Worden, M.S., Hillyard, S.A., 2006. "Objects are highlighted by spatial attention." J. Cogn. Neurosci. 18(2): 298-310) we used recordings of event-related potentials (ERPs) during a paradigm modeled after that of Egly et al. (Egly, R., Driver, J., Rafal, D.R., 1994. Shifting visual attention between objects and locations: evidence from normal and parietal lesion subjects. J. Exp. Psychol. Gen. 123(2) 161-77) to investigate this relationship. As reported in numerous studies of spatial attention, we found the typical pattern of enhanced neural activity in visual cortex elicited by attended stimuli. Unattended stimuli belonging to the same object as the attended stimuli elicited a very similar spatiotemporal pattern of enhanced neural activity that was localized to lateral occipital cortex (LOC). This similarity was taken as evidence that spatial- and object-selective attention share, at least in part, a common neural mechanism. In the present study we further investigate this relationship by examining whether this spread of spatial attention within attended objects can be guided by objects defined by illusory contours. Subjects viewed a display consisting of two illusory rectangular objects and directed attention to continuous sequences of stimuli (brief onsets) at one end of one of the objects. Stimuli occurring at irrelevant locations but belonging to the same attended object elicited larger posterior N1 amplitudes than that elicited by unattended objects forming part of a different object. This object-selective N1 enhancement

  6. The Next Generation of Risk Assessment Multi-Year Study—Highlights of Findings, Applications to Risk Assessment, and Future Directions (United States)

    Cote, Ila; Andersen, Melvin E.; Ankley, Gerald T.; Barone, Stanley; Birnbaum, Linda S.; Boekelheide, Kim; Bois, Frederic Y.; Burgoon, Lyle D.; Chiu, Weihsueh A.; Crawford-Brown, Douglas; Crofton, Kevin M.; DeVito, Michael; Devlin, Robert B.; Edwards, Stephen W.; Guyton, Kathryn Z.; Hattis, Dale; Judson, Richard S.; Knight, Derek; Krewski, Daniel; Lambert, Jason; Maull, Elizabeth Anne; Mendrick, Donna; Paoli, Gregory M.; Patel, Chirag Jagdish; Perkins, Edward J.; Poje, Gerald; Portier, Christopher J.; Rusyn, Ivan; Schulte, Paul A.; Simeonov, Anton; Smith, Martyn T.; Thayer, Kristina A.; Thomas, Russell S.; Thomas, Reuben; Tice, Raymond R.; Vandenberg, John J.; Villeneuve, Daniel L.; Wesselkamper, Scott; Whelan, Maurice; Whittaker, Christine; White, Ronald; Xia, Menghang; Yauk, Carole; Zeise, Lauren; Zhao, Jay; DeWoskin, Robert S.


    , Andersen ME, Ankley GT, Barone S, Birnbaum LS, Boekelheide K, Bois FY, Burgoon LD, Chiu WA, Crawford-Brown D, Crofton KM, DeVito M, Devlin RB, Edwards SW, Guyton KZ, Hattis D, Judson RS, Knight D, Krewski D, Lambert J, Maull EA, Mendrick D, Paoli GM, Patel CJ, Perkins EJ, Poje G, Portier CJ, Rusyn I, Schulte PA, Simeonov A, Smith MT, Thayer KA, Thomas RS, Thomas R, Tice RR, Vandenberg JJ, Villeneuve DL, Wesselkamper S, Whelan M, Whittaker C, White R, Xia M, Yauk C, Zeise L, Zhao J, DeWoskin RS. 2016. The Next Generation of Risk Assessment multiyear study—highlights of findings, applications to risk assessment, and future directions. Environ Health Perspect 124:1671–1682; PMID:27091369

  7. Effects of Wind Turbine Noise on Self-Reported and Objective Measures of Sleep (United States)

    Michaud, David S.; Feder, Katya; Keith, Stephen E.; Voicescu, Sonia A.; Marro, Leonora; Than, John; Guay, Mireille; Denning, Allison; Murray, Brian J.; Weiss, Shelly K.; Villeneuve, Paul J.; van den Berg, Frits; Bower, Tara


    . Conclusions are based on WTN levels averaged over 1 y and, in some cases, may be strengthened with an analysis that examines sleep quality in relation to WTN levels calculated during the precise sleep period time. Citation: Michaud DS, Feder K, Keith SE, Voicescu SA, Marro L, Than J, Guay M, Denning A, Murray BJ, Weiss SK, Villeneuve PJ, van den Berg F, Bower T. Effects of wind turbine noise on self-reported and objective measures of sleep. SLEEP 2016;39(1):97–109. PMID:26518593

  8. Teledentistry, new oral care tool for prisoners. (United States)

    Giraudeau, Nicolas; Inquimbert, Camille; Delafoy, Robin; Tramini, Paul; Valcarcel, Jean; Meroueh, Fadi


    Purpose In France, all incarcerated prisoners are required to undergo a dental examination (Ministère de la santé et de la protection sociale, 2004 and Ministère de la justice, 2004). However, only one in two prisoners benefits from this oral health check-up. Oral teleconsultation could improve the quality of oral care in prisons. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach The focus of this study was therefore to apply oral teleconsultation as an experiment. Using an oral teleconsultation system, a dentist and a nurse were separately asked to give patients a score, according to how urgently their dental issue needed to be treated. This score will henceforth be referred to as the "dental emergency scores given". Findings The separate dental emergency scores given by the dentist and the nurse were compared and the results demonstrate the following: - 36.7 per cent (11) of the two scores were equal - 53.3 per cent (16) of the two scores differed by 1 point - 10 per cent (3) of the two scores differed by 2 points. The average score of the nurse was 2.23 and that of the dentist was 2.13. The small disparity should not obscure the fact that 63 per cent of the diagnoses turned out to be incorrect. Practical implications Dental care could easily be improved with oral teleconsultation as a care plan could be developed for each patient. Social implications The condition of one's dental health is, of course, very important for general health, but it also affects social aspects. Good oral hygiene and health are very important when looking for a job after having been released from prison. Originality/value This is the first study on oral teleconsultation in prisons. Dental care is rarely studied on prisoners. Telemedicine in dentistry is just beginning all over the world. This study is the first step of an extensive project in the University Hospital of Montpellier and the Villeneuve-les-Maguelone prison.

  9. The Next Generation of Risk Assessment Multi-Year Study-Highlights of Findings, Applications to Risk Assessment, and Future Directions. (United States)

    Cote, Ila; Andersen, Melvin E; Ankley, Gerald T; Barone, Stanley; Birnbaum, Linda S; Boekelheide, Kim; Bois, Frederic Y; Burgoon, Lyle D; Chiu, Weihsueh A; Crawford-Brown, Douglas; Crofton, Kevin M; DeVito, Michael; Devlin, Robert B; Edwards, Stephen W; Guyton, Kathryn Z; Hattis, Dale; Judson, Richard S; Knight, Derek; Krewski, Daniel; Lambert, Jason; Maull, Elizabeth Anne; Mendrick, Donna; Paoli, Gregory M; Patel, Chirag Jagdish; Perkins, Edward J; Poje, Gerald; Portier, Christopher J; Rusyn, Ivan; Schulte, Paul A; Simeonov, Anton; Smith, Martyn T; Thayer, Kristina A; Thomas, Russell S; Thomas, Reuben; Tice, Raymond R; Vandenberg, John J; Villeneuve, Daniel L; Wesselkamper, Scott; Whelan, Maurice; Whittaker, Christine; White, Ronald; Xia, Menghang; Yauk, Carole; Zeise, Lauren; Zhao, Jay; DeWoskin, Robert S


    , Bois FY, Burgoon LD, Chiu WA, Crawford-Brown D, Crofton KM, DeVito M, Devlin RB, Edwards SW, Guyton KZ, Hattis D, Judson RS, Knight D, Krewski D, Lambert J, Maull EA, Mendrick D, Paoli GM, Patel CJ, Perkins EJ, Poje G, Portier CJ, Rusyn I, Schulte PA, Simeonov A, Smith MT, Thayer KA, Thomas RS, Thomas R, Tice RR, Vandenberg JJ, Villeneuve DL, Wesselkamper S, Whelan M, Whittaker C, White R, Xia M, Yauk C, Zeise L, Zhao J, DeWoskin RS. 2016. The Next Generation of Risk Assessment multiyear study-highlights of findings, applications to risk assessment, and future directions. Environ Health Perspect 124:1671-1682;

  10. Effect of freezing on the initial colonization of the carcass with necrophagous organisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šuláková Hana


    Full Text Available Tato studie byla zaměřena na zjištění, zda zamražení kadaveru před samotnou volnou expozicí ovlivňuje druhové složení dvoukřídlých a rychlost kolonizace při volné expozici. Při dvou experimentech byly použity kadávery kura domácího (Gallus gallus f. domestica L. o hmotnosti cca 1,5 kg, které byly všechny usmrceny stejným způsobem, avšak polovina byla před volnou expozicí zmražena. Kadávery byly exponovány v městě Smečno, Středočeský kraj, v červnu a červenci 2013. Výsledky experimentu prokázaly, že předem zmražený i čerstvý kadáver kolonizují stejní zástupci bzučivek (Diptera, Calliphoridae. Během pokusů byly zjištěny druhy Calliphora vicina Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826, Lucilia illustris (Meigen, 1826, Lucilia ampullacea Villeneuve, 1922, Phormia regina (Meigen, 1826 a Protophormia terraenovae (Robineau- Desvoidy, 1830. Procentuální zastoupení jednotlivých druhů bylo při obou variantách shodné. Zmražený a čerstvý kadáver se lišily v celkovém počtu jedinců (larev, kteří se na zvířatech vyvíjeli, a ve způsobu, jakým se kadávery rozkládaly. Součástí diskuze je zhodnocení využití dosavadních výsledků v kriminalistické praxi.

  11. Spatial and Temporal Variations in Diatoms from la Chaine des Lacs Urban Watershed, Nord-Pas France, in Relation to Water Quality (United States)

    Noble, P. J.; Van de Vijver, B.; Verleyen, E.; Prygiel, J.; Ivanovsky, A.; Lesven, L.; Billon, G.


    Diatom analysis was conducted on lake sediments in la Chaîne des Lacs (CDL), a shallow eutrophic urban park and storm control system in Villeneuve d'Ascq, France, to address both the present day water quality, and the evolution of this urban system over its 40 year history. The main lake, Lac du Héron (LDH), received recent attention because of water quality problems, including eutrophication, harmful algal blooms, and invasion by the macrophyte Elodea in 2012. A total of 17 sites were collected in CDL, 11 of which were in LDH, to document spatial variability, and a 26cm long core addresses historical changes. The bulk of the diatom assemblage in LDH can be classified as both eutrophic and moderately metal tolerant, using modern national diatom indices developed and used by the French regional water agencies. Surface sediment samples within LDH show large spatial variations in %Cocconeis placentula whose habitat is epiphytic growth on Elodea. Other variation is reflected in the phytoplankton composition both spatially, and interannually. Aulacoseira muzzanensis and Cyclostephanos dubius showed greater abundance in the open water habitats in LDH, whereas sites in CDL outside of LDH had greater Cyclotella meneghiniana. Temporally, Stephanodicsus (largely S. hantzschii), the dominant diatom in early spring, were present in greater abundances in the 2016 surface sediment samples than in any of the 2015 samples. One possible explanation is that the 2016 samples, taken March 30th, preferentially preserved the early spring Stephanodiscus bloom, in contrast to the 2015 samples, which were taken in January. The sediment core provides an historical record, where the uppermost 4cm plot with the bulk of the LDH surface samples and contain abundant Cocconeis, 4 -14cm is phytoplankton-rich, largely Cyclostephanos dubius and Aulacoseira muzzanensis, and represents a less weed-choked environment prior to the 2012 Elodea invasion. The base of the core is dominated by Amphora and

  12. Quality assessment of a storm overflow, by using different frequency monitoring (northern France) (United States)

    Ivanovsky, Anastasia; Dumoulin, David; Criquet, Justine; Prygiel, Jean; Pohu, Jérôme; Hottin, Frédéric; Billon, Gabriel


    The Heron lake is a storm-water pond of 30 hectare constructed in the 70's to avoid the flooding in the city of Villeneuve d'Ascq (Lille urban area in Northern France). This facility could also receive some untreated urban wastewaters during high rainfall events. The water level is regulated by automatic pumps, which periodically discharge the overflow into a natural watercourse, the Marque River. Located in an urban area, the lake is qualified as eutrophic because of the high nutrients concentration, which stimulates the presence of cyanobacteria. Recently, the invasive macrophyte Elodea nuttallii colonized the lake. This proliferation causes ecological troubles like anoxic events or even obstruction of the pumps, thereby increasing the risk of flooding. Two types of monitoring (low and high frequencies) were implemented to assess the functioning of this lake and to estimate its impact to the river. The low frequency monitoring consisted on punctual screenings on the dissolved phase and monthly grab samplings from February 2014 to February 2015. Physicochemical parameters (oxygen, temperature, conductivity, pH, solid particulate matter, dissolved organic carbon) and nutrients (NO3-, NH4+ and PO43-) were recorded. Additionally, a high frequency monitoring was undertaken (with measurements every 10 minutes) was performed by using a buoy equipped with different sensors for measuring oxygen, turbidity, temperature, conductivity, pH and phytoplankton pigments. Furthermore, both the discharge lake flow and the pluviometry were recorded at the scale of the day. Although all the data are not yet fully interpreted, several key points have already been evidenced: (i) at the entrance of the lake, the water is enriched in urban sewage; (ii) some significant differences of oxygenation exist between the entrance and the rest of the lake due to both waste waters inputs in the entrance channel and atmosphere-water interactions; (iii) eutrophication occurs at the beginning of the

  13. Evaluation of sanitary impact of the urban air pollution. Avignon area impact at short and long term; Evaluation de l'impact sanitaire de la pollution atmospherique urbaine. Zone d'Avignon impact a court et long terme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    An health impact assessment of air pollution based on the I.n.V.S. guidelines has been conducted in Avignon according to the Regional Plan for the quality of air in the region of Provence Alpes Cote d'Azur. Short term impact of atmospheric pollution has been estimated in term of mortality (total, cardiovascular and respiratory mortality) and hospital admissions (for respiratory, cardiovascular and cardiac reasons) attributable to air pollution. Long-term impact was also assessed by the number of deaths due to atmospheric pollution. The study has been carried out in seven cities homogeneously exposed belonging to Vaucluse (Avignon, Le Pontet, Morieres les Avignon, Sorgues and Vedene) and two cities of the Gard department (les Angles and Villeneuve les Avignon) representing a study population of 153,624 inhabitants. Two period of study have been defined: period 1999-2000 for short and long term evaluations on the mortality and the year 2001 for the morbidity analysis. This study rests on methodological principles of E.I.S. (evaluation of sanitary impact) of urban air pollution whom methodology is in four steps: identification of dangers, exposure estimation, choice of exposure-risk relationship and risk characterisation. The pollutions indicators are built from four pollutants nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide and PM{sub 10}. The exposure-risk relationships used come from epidemiological studies realised in general population, by preferring the multi centers studies and European ones. The number of deaths by year due to air pollution is 23, whom 10 by cardiovascular diseases, 2 by respiratory diseases. The most efficient scenario are these ones corresponding to air pollution decreases of 25% in the considered pollutant. About the long term sanitary benefits, the different scenario show that the European norm forecasted for 2005 is respected. The respect of the European norm expected for 2010 should allow to avoid 10 deaths on the totality of registered

  14. Rate constant for the reaction of OH with methyl iodide, a re-determination by flash photolysis of water vapour and time resolved resonance fluorescence of OH (United States)

    Zhang, Shaoliang; Strekowski, Rafal; Zetzsch, Cornelius


    10-12 exp (-1067 K / T) cm3 s-1 . These rate constants are significantly below the present IUPAC recommendation. The consequence is an even smaller contribution of the OH reaction to tropospheric degradation. Acknowledgements: Shaoliang Zhang and Rafal Strekowski wish to thank the Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN) for support and Cornelius Zetzsch acknowledges funding within the research unit HALOPROC of the German Science Foundation

  15. L’huile d’olive d’Ollioules à Versailles Ollioules olive oil at Versailles. Perception and promotion of the Provençaux at court in the late seventeenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric d’Agay


    Full Text Available Après un exposé de la façon dont sont considérés les Provençaux sous l’Ancien Régime par les gens de cour et leurs contemporains, sont présentées les familles provençales fixées à la Cour à la fin du xviie siècle, au moment de son installation à Versailles. À commencer par les familles de toute éternité à la Cour, les Villeneuve, Simiane, Vintimille, Castellane-Grignan, puis les grandes réussites du xviie siècle comme les Brancas ou les Luynes, et celles qui deviennent des références sous Louis XIV, tels les Forbin. Exemple de cette volonté de se hisser qu’ont les familles provençales, les Boyer-Bandol, riches marchands d’Ollioules au xvie siècle, agrégés à la noblesse au début du règne de Louis XIII, passés au parlement d’Aix, sont devenus en un peu plus d’un demi-siècle des « gens de qualité » par leur fortune et leurs emplois, ce qui confirme la prise de pouvoir de la noblesse parlementaire aixoise. Fille de Maurel de Pontevès, le Crésus de la Provence, la présidente de Bandol vient à Paris en 1687 pour y placer ses fils au collège Louis-le-Grand et les faire élever par un précepteur avec qui elle entretient une nombreuse correspondance. Le puîné, le chevalier de Bandol, est reçu page de la Dauphine, l’aîné reprend le mortier familial et les cadets sont d’épée. Cette correspondance énumère les phases et les moyens de l’ascension sociale, ainsi que les échanges qui y contribuent. On trouve en annexe les listes des produits et cadeaux envoyés à Paris et à Versailles, les achats parisiens et le rôle des hardes du jeune page et de sa bibliothèque.An exposé on the manner in which the Provencaux (people of Provence were regarded by the people of the court and their peers under the Ancien Régime, is followed by a presentation of the Provençal families at court in the late seventeenth century, when the latter moved to Versailles. Starting with the families who had

  16. Validation of the scale on Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management-idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S

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    Khadra C


    Full Text Available Christelle Khadra,1–3 Sylvie Le May,1,2 Ariane Ballard,1,2 Jean Théroux,1,4 Sylvie Charette,5 Edith Villeneuve,6,7 Stefan Parent,2,8,9 Argerie Tsimicalis,10,11 Jill MacLaren Chorney12,13 1Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal, 2CHU Sainte-Justine Research Centre, 3Montreal Chest Institute, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada; 4School of Health Professions, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia; 5Direction of Nursing, 6Department of Anesthesia, CHU Sainte-Justine, 7Department of Anesthesia, 8Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, 9Orthopaedic Service, Department of Surgery, CHU Sainte-Justine, 10Ingram School of Nursing, McGill University, 11Shriners Hospitals for Children, Montreal, QC, 12Pediatric Complex Pain Team, IWK Health Centre, 13Department of Anesthesia, Pain Management, and Perioperative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada Background: Spinal fusion is a common orthopedic surgery in children and adolescents and is associated with high pain levels postoperatively. If the pain is not well managed, negative outcomes may ensue. To our knowledge, there is no measure in English that assesses patient’s satisfaction with postoperative pain management following idiopathic scoliosis surgery. The aim of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of the satisfaction subscale of the English version of the Satisfaction of Adolescents with Postoperative pain management – idiopathic Scoliosis (SAP-S scale.Methods: Eighty-two participants aged 10–18 years, who had undergone spinal fusion surgery, fully completed the SAP-S scale at 10–14 days postdischarge. Construct validity was assessed through a principal component analysis using varimax rotation.Results: Principal component analysis indicated a three-factor structure of the 13-item satisfaction subscale of the SAP-S scale. Factors referred to satisfaction regarding current

  17. The eruptive history of the Trous Blancs pit craters, La Réunion Island: The origin of a 24 km long lava flow (United States)

    Walther, Georg; Frese, Ingmar; Di Muro, Andrea; Kueppers, Ulrich; Michon, Laurent; Métrich, Nicole


    fountaining activity, producing a m-thick bed of loose black scoria, which becomes densely welded in its upper part. It was followed by an alternation of volume rich lava effusions and strombolian activity and deposition of meter-thick massive units of olivine basalt, alternating with coarse scoria beds in the proximal area. Activity ended with the emplacement of a dm sized bed of glassy, dense scoria and a stratified lithic breccia, marking the pit crater formation. Preliminary dating suggested that this type of eruption could have a millennial recurrence time at PdF. Reoccurring similar activity on the NW rift represents a major source of risk for this now densely populated region (more than 150,000 people living in the affected area). [1] Villeneuve, N., and P. Bachélery (2006),Revue de la typologie des eruptions au Piton de La Fournaise, processus et risqué volcaniques associés, Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, 330,1-26

  18. Impact of active and passive smoking as risk factors for asthma and COPD in women presenting to primary care in Syria: first report by the WHO-GARD survey group

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    Mohammad Y


    Full Text Available Yousser Mohammad,1 Rafea Shaaban,1 Bassam Abou Al-Zahab,2 Nikolai Khaltaev,3 Jean Bousquet,4,5 Basim Dubaybo6 1National Center for Research in Chronic Respiratory Diseases, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Latakia, Syria; 2Ministry of Health, Damascus, Syria; 3Global Alliance Against Chronic Respiratory Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; 4Department of Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France; 5Inserm, CESP Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, U1018, Respiratory and Environmental Epidemiology Team, Villejuif, France; 6Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA Background: The burden of chronic respiratory disease (CRD is alarming. International studies suggest that women with CRD are undersurveyed and underdiagnosed by physicians worldwide. It is unclear what the prevalence of CRD is in the general population of Syria, particularly among women, since there has never been a survey on CRD in this nation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of different patterns of smoking on CRD in women. Materials and methods: We extracted data on smoking patterns and outcome in women from the Global Alliance Against Chronic Respiratory Diseases survey. Using spirometric measurements before and after the use of inhaled bronchodilators, we tracked the frequency of CRD in females active and passive narghile or cigarette smokers presenting to primary care. We administered the questionnaire to 788 randomly selected females seen during 1 week in the fiscal year 2009–2010 in 22 primary care centers in six different regions of Syria. Inclusion criteria were age >6 years, presenting for any medical complaint. In this cross-sectional study, three groups of female subjects were evaluated: active smokers of cigarettes, active smokers of narghiles, and passive smokers of either cigarettes or narghiles

  19. Validation of satellite-based noontime UVI with NDACC ground-based instruments: influence of topography, environment and satellite overpass time

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    C. Brogniez


    Full Text Available Spectral solar UV radiation measurements are performed in France using three spectroradiometers located at very different sites. One is installed in Villeneuve d'Ascq, in the north of France (VDA. It is an urban site in a topographically flat region. Another instrument is installed in Observatoire de Haute-Provence, located in the southern French Alps (OHP. It is a rural mountainous site. The third instrument is installed in Saint-Denis, Réunion Island (SDR. It is a coastal urban site on a small mountainous island in the southern tropics. The three instruments are affiliated with the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC and carry out routine measurements to monitor the spectral solar UV radiation and enable derivation of UV index (UVI. The ground-based UVI values observed at solar noon are compared to similar quantities derived from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI, onboard the Aura satellite and the second Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME-2, onboard the Metop-A satellite measurements for validation of these satellite-based products. The present study concerns the period 2009–September 2012, date of the implementation of a new OMI processing tool. The new version (v1.3 introduces a correction for absorbing aerosols that were not considered in the old version (v1.2. Both versions of the OMI UVI products were available before September 2012 and are used to assess the improvement of the new processing tool. On average, estimates from satellite instruments always overestimate surface UVI at solar noon. Under cloudless conditions, the satellite-derived estimates of UVI compare satisfactorily with ground-based data: the median relative bias is less than 8 % at VDA and 4 % at SDR for both OMI v1.3 and GOME-2, and about 6 % for OMI v1.3 and 2 % for GOME-2 at OHP. The correlation between satellite-based and ground-based data is better at VDA and OHP (about 0.99 than at SDR (0.96 for both space

  20. What can we learn about the history of oceanic shield volcanoes from deep marine sediments? Example from La Reunion volcanoes. (United States)

    Bachelery, Patrick; Babonneau, Nathalie; Jorry, Stephan; Mazuel, Aude


    the southernmost turbidite system (St-Joseph system). Sedimentary records allow us to establish a link between two major landslides affecting the flanks of Piton de la Fournaise volcano and the triggering of major turbidity currents. Thus, the age of these events could be obtained; their chronology being far too difficult to establish otherwise. In short: a beautiful example of the contribution of sedimentology to the study of the structural evolution of the volcanoes. References Babonneau N., Delacourt C., Cancouet R., Sisavath E., Bachelery P., Deschamps A., Mazuel A., Ammann J., Jorry S.J., Villeneuve N., 2013, Marine Geology, 346, 47-57. Saint-Ange F., Bachèlery P., Babonneau N., Michon, L., Jorry S.J., 2013, Marine Geology. 337, 35-52. Saint-Ange, F., Savoye, B., Michon, L., Bachelery, P., Deplus, C., De Voogd, B., Dyment, J., Le Drezen, E., Voisset, M., Le Friant, A., and Boudon, G., 2011. Geology, 39, 271-274, doi: 10.1130/G31478.1. Sisavath, E., Mazuel, A., Jorry, S., Babonneau, N., Bachèlery P., De Voogd, B., Salpin, M., Emmanuel, L., Beaufort, L., Toucanne, S., 2012, Sedimentary Geology, 281, p. 180-193, doi :10.1016/j.sedgeo.2012.09.010. Sisavath, E., Babonneau N., Saint-Ange F., Bachèlery P., Jorry S., Deplus C., De Voogd B., Savoye B., 2011, Marine Geology, v. 288, p. 1-17, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2011.06.011.

  1. Validation of satellite-based noontime UVI with NDACC ground-based instruments: influence of topography, environment and satellite overpass time (United States)

    Brogniez, Colette; Auriol, Frédérique; Deroo, Christine; Arola, Antti; Kujanpää, Jukka; Sauvage, Béatrice; Kalakoski, Niilo; Riku Aleksi Pitkänen, Mikko; Catalfamo, Maxime; Metzger, Jean-Marc; Tournois, Guy; Da Conceicao, Pierre


    Spectral solar UV radiation measurements are performed in France using three spectroradiometers located at very different sites. One is installed in Villeneuve d'Ascq, in the north of France (VDA). It is an urban site in a topographically flat region. Another instrument is installed in Observatoire de Haute-Provence, located in the southern French Alps (OHP). It is a rural mountainous site. The third instrument is installed in Saint-Denis, Réunion Island (SDR). It is a coastal urban site on a small mountainous island in the southern tropics. The three instruments are affiliated with the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) and carry out routine measurements to monitor the spectral solar UV radiation and enable derivation of UV index (UVI). The ground-based UVI values observed at solar noon are compared to similar quantities derived from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI, onboard the Aura satellite) and the second Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME-2, onboard the Metop-A satellite) measurements for validation of these satellite-based products. The present study concerns the period 2009-September 2012, date of the implementation of a new OMI processing tool. The new version (v1.3) introduces a correction for absorbing aerosols that were not considered in the old version (v1.2). Both versions of the OMI UVI products were available before September 2012 and are used to assess the improvement of the new processing tool. On average, estimates from satellite instruments always overestimate surface UVI at solar noon. Under cloudless conditions, the satellite-derived estimates of UVI compare satisfactorily with ground-based data: the median relative bias is less than 8 % at VDA and 4 % at SDR for both OMI v1.3 and GOME-2, and about 6 % for OMI v1.3 and 2 % for GOME-2 at OHP. The correlation between satellite-based and ground-based data is better at VDA and OHP (about 0.99) than at SDR (0.96) for both space-borne instruments. For all

  2. Revision of the frog fly genus Caiusa Surcouf, 1920 (Diptera, Calliphoridae), with a note on the identity of Plinthomyia emimelania Rondani, 1875. (United States)

    Rognes, Knut


    The Oriental, Australasian and Oceanian genus Caiusa Surcouf, 1920 is revised, species concepts being based on male and female genitalia. A key to males for all known species, and a key to females for all except one are given. All relevant types still in existence have been studied, complete synonymies given and the geographical distribution reconsidered. The eight species included in the genus are: Caiusa borneoensis sp. nov. (Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam); Caiusa coomani Séguy, 1948 (China, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam); Caiusa indica Surcouf, 1920 (Australia, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam); Caiusa karrakerae sp. nov. (Malaysia, Thailand); Caiusa kurahashii sp. nov. (Indonesia, Japan, Philippines); Caiusa pooae sp. nov. (Thailand); Caiusa testacea Senior-White, 1923 (India, Nepal, Sri Lanka) and Caiusa violacea Séguy, 1925, stat. rev. (Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam). A lectotype is designated for Caiusa indica to fix the interpretation of the name. Caiusa nigronitens Senior-White, 1923, syn. nov. and Caiusa surcoufi Bezzi, 1927, syn. nov. are established as junior synonyms of Caiusa indica. Caiusa violacea is correctly diagnosed and errors in the original description of the female holotype are pointed out. Caiusa dubiosa Villeneuve, 1927 is established as a junior synonym of C. violacea, syn. nov. Seven Caiusa species have been reared from the egg mass of various species of frogs. The reproductive mode of the eighth species, i.e., C. indica, is unknown. Five species, i.e., C. borneoensis, C. coomani, C. karrakerae, C. kurahashii and C. violacea have been reared from one or more of the foam nesting frog species Chiromantis nongkhorensis (Cochran, 1927), Polypedates leucomystax (Gravenhorst, 1927), Polypedates megacephalus Hallowell, 1861, Rhacophorus annamensis Smith, 1924, Rhacophorus dulitensis Boulenger, 1892, Rhacophorus kio

  3. L'impact de la tempête "Martin" sur le couvert forestier en Auvergne. Origine des chablis et logique de reconstitution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Jubertie


    Full Text Available La tempête du 27 décembre 1999 a laissé des traces durables sur le couvert forestier auvergnat. Aussi semble-t-il aujourd'hui intéressant, non seulement de connaître les raisons qui expliquent la localisation et une telle ampleur des dégâts, mais aussi d'aborder le problème des reconstitutions.Le système dépressionnaire océanique responsable des rafales tempétueuses (158 km/h enregistré à Clermont-Aulnat ! sort de l'ordinaire. Il fut remarquable à cause de sa petite taille, de sa grande mobilité et surtout par le fait qu'il trouva son maximum d'intensité en pénétrant à l'intérieur des terres. D'une manière générale, les vents ont atteint, en Auvergne, des valeurs presque comparables à celles qui avaient été enregistrées lors de la tempête de novembre 1982, événement de référence pour le Massif Central. Associés à ces vents violents, de fortes pluies ont été enregistrées. Saturant largement les sols, elles ont ainsi rendu plus efficace l'impact de la tempête sur les forêts.L'inégale répartition des chablis apparaît clairement en visualisant des cartes départementales des dégâts établies par l'Inventaire Forestier National, ainsi qu'à travers une étude personnelle réalisée à l'échelle locale dans une forêt témoin de la Haute-Loire. L'interprétation de ces cartes permet de montrer quelles interactions ont joué entre facteurs météorologiques et orographiques. De même, elles mettent en évidence la trop grande présence de parcelles de conifères à forte densité, fragiles face au vent, issues des reboisements artificiels réalisés principalement après la Seconde Guerre mondiale.Du coup, l'importance des dégâts, en partie liée à la mauvaise gestion sylvicole, a provoqué chez les forestiers une remise en cause des pratiques qui avaient prévalu jusqu'alors. Un véritable changement dans la stratégie des reconstitutions forestières semble aujourd'hui se développer. Des r

  4. Monitoring and modeling the fate of commonly used pesticides in surface water of the Lower Mekong Delta (United States)

    van Toan, Pham; Sebesvari, Zita; Loan, Vo Phuong Hong; Renaud, Fabrice


    monitored systematically from August 2008 to August 2009. Methods: Water samples (0.5 L) were collected in borosilicate bottles with Teflon caps, pre-filtered with glass wool (Roth, Germany) and glass fibre filter (Millipore, USA), solid-phase extracted (Phenomenex, C18-E) and quantified using GC-MS (Agilent 6890). For quality assurance samples and blanks were spiked with a surrogate standard (d-HCH). The recovery of the surrogate standard was used to monitor for matrix effects and sample processing errors. Surrogate recovery was evaluated by a recovery standard (Fluoren-d10) spiked to the sample after the extraction. Results: A total of 434 samples (253 samples in Ba Lang, 119 samples in An Long and 62 drinking water samples) were collected from August 2008 to August 2009. In An Long 13 of the 15 target compounds were detected in water samples. Average residue concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 3.96 ?g/l. The fungicide isoprothiolane and the insecticide buprofezin occurred with the highest concentrations (up to 20.77 and 16.53 ?g/l, respectively). In Ba Lang, 12 of the 15 monitored pesticides were detected with an average concentration from 0.01 to 0.30 ?g/l. The fungicide isoprothiolane was detected with highest (up to 12.86 ?g/l). In 70% of all samples more than four different pesticides were detected. Their effect may add up and pose risk to humans and aquatic organisms. In rural areas surface water is frequently used as drinking water source. First results from a sampling program of drinking water indicate that locally used water treatment methods (precipitation with aluminium sulfate followed by boiling) were not appropriate to reduce the pesticide exposure of the consumer. Through evaporation, boiling of drinking water even increased the concentrations of some non-volatile pesticides. References Carvalho, F. P., Villeneuve, J.P., Cattini, C., Tolosa, I., Thuan, D. D., Nhan, D. D., 2008. Agrochemical and polychlorobyphenyl (PCB) residues in the Mekong River delta

  5. EDITORIAL: Focus on Attosecond Physics (United States)

    Bandrauk, André D.; Krausz, Ferenc; Starace, Anthony F.


    M Nest, F Remacle and R D Levine Exploring intense attosecond pulses D Charalambidis, P Tzallas, E P Benis, E Skantzakis, G Maravelias, L A A Nikolopoulos, A Peralta Conde and G D Tsakiris Attosecond timescale analysis of the dynamics of two-photon double ionization of helium Emmanuel Foumouo, Philippe Antoine, Henri Bachau and Bernard Piraux Generation of tunable isolated attosecond pulses in multi-jet systems V Tosa, V S Yakovlev and F Krausz Electron wavepacket control with elliptically polarized laser light in high harmonic generation from aligned molecules Y Mairesse, N Dudovich, J Levesque, M Yu Ivanov, P B Corkum and D M Villeneuve Tracing non-equilibrium plasma dynamics on the attosecond timescale in small clusters Ulf Saalmann, Ionut Georgescu and Jan M Rost Ionization in attosecond pulses: creating atoms without nuclei? John S Briggs and Darko Dimitrovski Angular distributions in double ionization of helium under XUV sub-femtosecond radiation P Lambropoulos and L A A Nikolopoulos Potential for ultrafast dynamic chemical imaging with few-cycle infrared lasers Toru Morishita, Anh-Thu Le, Zhangjin Chen and C D Lin Attosecond electron thermalization in laser-induced nonsequential multiple ionization: hard versus glancing collisions X Liu, C Figueira de Morisson Faria and W Becker Ion-charge-state chronoscopy of cascaded atomic Auger decay Th Uphues, M Schultze, M F Kling, M Uiberacker, S Hendel, U Heinzmann, N M Kabachnik and M Drescher Measurement of electronic structure from high harmonic generation in non-adiabatically aligned polyatomic molecules N Kajumba, R Torres, Jonathan G Underwood, J S Robinson, S Baker, J W G Tisch, R de Nalda, W A Bryan, R Velotta, C Altucci, I Procino, I C E Turcu and J P Marangos Wavelength dependence of sub-laser-cycle few-electron dynamics in strong-field multiple ionization O Herrwerth, A Rudenko, M Kremer, V L B de Jesus, B Fischer, G Gademann, K Simeonidis, A Achtelik, Th Ergler, B Feuerstein, C D Schröter, R Moshammer and