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Sample records for vigastuste kirurgiline ravi

  1. RAVI KANT

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. RAVI KANT. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 39 Issue 7 December 2016 pp 1827-1834. Microstructure and wear behaviour of FeAl-based composites containing in-situ carbides · RAVI KANT UJJWAL PRAKASH VIJAYA AGARWALA V V SATYA PRASAD.

  2. Ravi Korisettar | Speakers | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    gmail.com. Ravi Korisettar, Dr V S Wakankar Archaeological Research Institute, Dharwad. Ravi Korisettar has conducted a series of investigations into the Palaeolithic and Neolithic cultures of southern India and excavated lower Palaeolithic ...

  3. Haiglad peatavad plaanilise ravi / Sigrid Laev

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    Laev, Sigrid

    2005-01-01

    Põhja-Eesti Regionaalhaigla lükkas plaanilise ravi sügisesse, kuna teiseks kvartaliks planeeritud raviraha on kulutatud. Tartu ülikooli kliinikum ravi edasi ei lükka, kuid vähendab suvel vastuvõttu. Kommenteerib Arvi Vask

  4. HIV ravi võtab peagi sadu miljoneid / Kadri Ibrus

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    Ibrus, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    HIV-positiivsete ravikulud on Eestis hüppeliselt kasvamas, kuna aastate eest nakatunud inimesed hakkavad nüüd vajama tõsist ravi. Lisaks diagrammid: Eestis levib HIV maailmas pea kõige kiiremini ; 2006. aastal nakatunud soo ja vanuse järgi

  5. Ravi Sundaram, Pirate Modernity: Delhi’s Media Urbanism

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    Diya Mehra

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The field of urban studies is a growing one as Indian cities transform beyond recognition. In his book Pirate Modernity: Delhi’s Media Urbanism, Ravi Sundaram tries to capture this transformation, using a theoretical lens little explored in existing literature. To wit, Sundaram is interested in ‘the evaporation of the boundary between technology and urban life’ which has produced ‘a delirious disorientation of the senses’ (p. 7. The examples of such evaporation and of a newly technologized u...

  6. Haiglad võistlevad tulusa ravi pärast / Sigrid Laev

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    Laev, Sigrid

    2006-01-01

    Ida-Tallinna keskhaigla taotleb peale vähiravi kõrgema etapi ka lastehaiguste ning veresoontekirurgia ambulatoorse ja statsionaarse ravi litsentse, see tõstaks haigla mitmel erialal Eesti kahe kõrgema piirkonnahaigla tasemele. Kommenteerib Heli Paluste

  7. SHORT AND ATYPICAL LACTATIONS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES

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    M. S. Khan and H. Z. Chaudhry

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Data on 2704 lactations of 993 Nili-Ravi buffaloes were analyzed to investigate the extent and behavior of short and complete lactations. Lactation milk yield up to 44 weeks was used and lactations with less .than eight weeks of duration were excluded. Fifty nine percent of the lactation records were shorter than 44 weeks. When minimum lactation length was required to be 26 weeks, 11% of lactations did not meet this criterion. Among 2107 lactations of< 308 days duration, reasons of drying were known for 534 lactations (25%. Out of these 31% had mastitis, 16% were shorter because buffaloes had been auctioned while she was in milk, 13% had bad temperament .while the other 40% were short because of reproductive problems and other reasons such as death of calf, old age, disease etc. Lactation curves were different for first and later parities with lactations of different duration. About 10% of lactations were atypical, with first calvers having the highest frequency. Improvement in data recording will help explore lactation length problems mote precisely in future.

  8. Assessment of Nili-Ravi buffalo ( Bubalus bubalis ) semen by MTT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fresh semen samples from breeding Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls (n = 20) were collected using an artificial vagina. After assessing the quality of semen for normal parameters, the MTT assay was carried out in phosphate buffer saline. Results revealed a high significant correlation (r = 0.995) between the viability of sperm and the ...

  9. Prevalence and chemotherapy of Balantidium coli in cattle in the River Ravi region, Lahore (Pakistan).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilal, C Q; Khan, M S; Avais, M; Ijaz, M; Khan, J A

    2009-07-07

    The prevalence of Balantidium coli in cattle from the River Ravi region of Lahore was examined and the efficacy of three treatments measured. A total of 200 fecal samples were collected from cattle and examined microscopically; 50 (25%) were positive for B. coli cysts. The final efficacy of treatment with metronidazole, oxytetracycline, or secnidazole was 37.5%, 62.5%, and 87.5%, respectively, making secnidazole the most effective.

  10. Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults (RAVI)-Part III: Cutoff Score and Clinical Consistency.

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    Pernambuco, Leandro; Espelt, Albert; Costa de Lima, Kenio

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the cutoff score and clinical consistency of "Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults" (RAVI-Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos). This is a prospective, nonrandomized, cross-sectional diagnostic study. A sample of 301 subjects, including both sexes, aged 60 and more, and all of whom were living in either a community or an institution, was studied. To determine which subjects had or did not have voice problems, we used a composite reference standard (auditory-perceptual analysis of sustained vowel phonation, auditory-perceptual analysis of connected speech, and vocal self-assessment). The best cutoff score was identified using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The clinical consistency indicators were co-positivity, co-negativity, positive and negative predictive values, positive and negative likelihood ratio, and test efficiency. The significance level was 5%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.763 (95% confidence interval: 0.706-0.821), and the best cutoff score for determining which older adults had or did not have a voice disorder was 2. All clinical consistency indicators were satisfactory: co-positivity (79%), co-negativity (60%), predictive positive value (51%), negative predictive value (84%), positive likelihood ratio (2.01), negative likelihood ratio (0.34), and test efficiency (69%). RAVI has satisfactory indicators of clinical consistency and is able to determine which older adults have voice disorders by a cutoff score of 2. The use of RAVI as a screening tool is recommended to help determine the prevalence of voice disorders in older adults. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Assessment of Heavy Metals in the Fish Collected from the River Ravi, Pakistan

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    Ghazala Jabeen*, Muhammad Javed and Hamda Azmat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The toxicity of heavy metals viz. aluminium (Al, arsenic (As, barium (Ba, chromium (Cr, nickel (Ni and zinc (Zn in fish at three main public fishing sites of the river Ravi viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage has been studied from June, 2009 to May, 2010. The concentrations of heavy metals in the body organs (gills, liver, kidney, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, muscle, fins, scales, bones, fats of three fish species viz. Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhina mrigala were determined. The present results reveal that the toxicity of metals fluctuated significantly in fish at all the three sampling stations with season. The fish samples collected from all the three sampling stations had significantly higher aluminium and zinc. However, the fish at Sidhnai barrage showed significantly lower metallic toxicity, followed by that at Baloki headworks and Shahdara bridge. Significantly higher metals were observed in fish liver, followed by that of kidney, gills, intestine, reproductive organs, skin, scales, fins, bones, muscle and fats. The accumulation of metals in carnivorous fish body organs showed significantly direct dependence on the metallic toxicity of herbivorous cyprinids. Fish liver and kidney showed significantly higher abilities for the accumulation of all metals while accumulations were lowest in fish muscle and fats. The health status of river Ravi at three main public fishing sites viz. Shahdara bridge, Baloki headworks and Sidhnai barrage, with respect to eco-toxicity of Al, As, Ba, Cr, Ni and Zn was above the recommended permissible standards.

  12. Liigpika ravijärjekorra puhul peab haigekassa hüvitama ravi piiri taga / Sigrid Laev

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    Laev, Sigrid

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu otsustest, mille kohaselt tuleb haigekassal kinni maksta patsiendile mõnes teises Euroopa Liidu liikmesriigis tehtud operatsioon, kui asukohamaa ravijärjekord on liiga pikk ning kui sama ravi on asukohamaal tasuta. Lisatud: välisriiki ravile arstide konsiiliumi kaudu

  13. Relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes

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    T. Chandrasekar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was conducted to find out the relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Materials and Methods: A total of 12 Nili-Ravi buffalo heifers were selected from Buffalo Farm, Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Regional Station- Bir Dosanjh, Nabha, Patiala, Punjab. The udder length (UL, udder width (UW, udder depth, teat length (TL, teat diameter (TD, and teat distances were measured at fortnightly interval from 60 days prepartum until calving. After calving, 60 days total milk yield (TDMY, peak yield (PY, and days taken to attain PY (DPY were also recorded. The correlation coefficients of various prepartum udder and teat measurements since 60 days prepartum to calving with 60 days TDMY, PY, and DPY were calculated to find out the relationship between the traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Results: The result envisaged that all udder and teat measurements were increased gradually toward the date of calving in primiparous buffaloes. The UL, UW, left fore (LF and right rear (RRTL, RRTD, and the distance between LF to left rear (LR teat were positively correlated with 60 days TDMY. The UL and UW depicted positive but nonsignificant correlation with PY. Fore TLs showed positive correlation where as TDs and teat distances had a negative correlation with the DPY in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes. Conclusion: It was concluded that milk production performance could be assessed on the basis of prepartum udder and teat measurements in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes.

  14. Recent advances in Progeny testing program for Nili Ravi buffalo in Pakistan

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    A. Ghaffar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Progeny testing program was started in Nili-Ravi buffalo at Livestock Production and Research Institute (LPRI, Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1979-80. Initially buffalo bulls used at Livestock Experiment Station (LES Qadirabad and Rakh Gulaman during 1964-78 were evaluated. Five out of ten at Rakh Gulaman and 10 out of 22 at Qadirabad bulls were positive. As none of these bulls were available, therefore, sons and grandsons of these bulls were selected for production of future candidate bulls. All the buffaloes at LPRI were evaluat`ed on Most Probable Producing Ability. The elite herd thus formed was used for production for future candidate bulls. Since then a continuous program is in operation at Govt. Livestock Farms and expanded to 27 field sub-centers involving private farmers in four districts Okara, Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Pakpattan. Since the initiation of this program in 1980’s, about 174 bulls have been put under progeny testing program and 137 bulls were evaluated by Daughter-Dam Comparison, out of which sixty eight buffalo bulls contributed positively in milk production of daughters. It is worth mentioning here that milk production of registered buffalo was recorded on monthly intervals in the field along with other necessary reproduction data required to compute the different traits of economic importance.Progeny testing program was started in Nili-Ravi buffalo at Livestock Production and Research Institute (LPRI, Bahadurnagar, Okara in 1979-80. Initially buffalo bulls used at Livestock Experiment Station (LES Qadirabad and Rakh Gulaman during 1964-78 were evaluated. Five out of ten at Rakh Gulaman and 10 out of 22 at Qadirabad bulls were positive. As none of these bulls were available, therefore, sons and grandsons of these bulls were selected for production of future candidate bulls. All the buffaloes at LPRI were evaluat`ed on Most Probable Producing Ability. The elite herd thus formed was used for production for future candidate bulls

  15. Isiku paigutamine kinnisesse asutusse psühhiaatrilise ravi eesmärgil : [magistritöö] / Mai-Liis Meigo ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Kai Härmand, Kristjan Kask

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    Meigo, Mai-Liis

    2013-01-01

    Isiku tahtevastasest paigutamisest raviasutusse (tsiviilkohtumenetluse seadustik, psühhiaatrilise abi seadus), isiku põhiõigustest ja sellest tulenevast kohtupraktikast tahtevastase ravi läbiviimisel

  16. Rapid assessment of visual impairment (RAVI in marine fishing communities in South India - study protocol and main findings

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    Madala Sreenivas R

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Reliable data are a pre-requisite for planning eye care services. Though conventional cross sectional studies provide reliable information, they are resource intensive. A novel rapid assessment method was used to investigate the prevalence and causes of visual impairment and presbyopia in subjects aged 40 years and older. This paper describes the detailed methodology and study procedures of Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI project. Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling in the coastal region of Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh in India, predominantly inhabited by fishing communities. Unaided, aided and pinhole visual acuity (VA was assessed using a Snellen chart at a distance of 6 meters. The VA was re-assessed using a pinhole, if VA was Results The data collection was completed in Conclusion There is a high prevalence of visual impairment in marine fishing communities in Prakasam district in India. The data from this rapid assessment survey can now be used as a baseline to start eye care services in this region. The rapid assessment methodology (RAVI reported in this paper is robust, quick and has the potential to be replicated in other areas.

  17. Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults (Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos-RAVI)-Part II: Validity Evidence and Reliability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Araújo Pernambuco, Leandro; Espelt, Albert; Morais Costa, Erika Beatriz de; de Lima, Kenio Costa

    2016-03-01

    To determine the validity evidence based on the internal structure and relations to other variables and the reliability of an epidemiologic questionnaire for screening older adults with voice disorders. This is a prospective, nonrandomized, cross-sectional, validation study. To assess the validity evidence based on the internal structure, 160 older adults of both sexes, either community-dwelling or institutionalized, completed the "Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos" (RAVI; "Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults"). The data were analyzed using item-total and interitem correlations, principal component analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and differential item functioning. For validity evidence based on relations to other variables, measures of concurrent and discriminant validity were calculated according to the self-reported number of factors associated with voice disorders. Reliability was assessed using a test-retest procedure conducted with 121 older adults with the same characteristics as the previous sample. In this stage, the reproducibility, internal consistency, and measurement error of the instrument were analyzed. The RAVI showed adequate validity evidence based on the internal structure and relations to other variables, as well as good reliability. This indicates that the results produced by the instrument are valid and reliable. The RAVI is a self-reported outcome questionnaire that yields valid and reliable responses for epidemiologic detection of voice disorders in older adults and can be easily administered by any health care provider. Further ongoing studies will assess accuracy measures and cutoff values of the RAVI. Copyright © 2016 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. rAvis: an R-package for downloading information stored in Proyecto AVIS, a citizen science bird project.

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    Sara Varela

    Full Text Available Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R. Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com, a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc. and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.. This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years.

  19. rAvis: an R-package for downloading information stored in Proyecto AVIS, a citizen science bird project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, Sara; González-Hernández, Javier; Casabella, Eduardo; Barrientos, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Citizen science projects store an enormous amount of information about species distribution, diversity and characteristics. Researchers are now beginning to make use of this rich collection of data. However, access to these databases is not always straightforward. Apart from the largest and international projects, citizen science repositories often lack specific Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) to connect them to the scientific environments. Thus, it is necessary to develop simple routines to allow researchers to take advantage of the information collected by smaller citizen science projects, for instance, programming specific packages to connect them to popular scientific environments (like R). Here, we present rAvis, an R-package to connect R-users with Proyecto AVIS (http://proyectoavis.com), a Spanish citizen science project with more than 82,000 bird observation records. We develop several functions to explore the database, to plot the geographic distribution of the species occurrences, and to generate personal queries to the database about species occurrences (number of individuals, distribution, etc.) and birdwatcher observations (number of species recorded by each collaborator, UTMs visited, etc.). This new R-package will allow scientists to access this database and to exploit the information generated by Spanish birdwatchers over the last 40 years.

  20. The science and art of learning about cultures: Descriptions, explanations, and reflections In conversation with Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Founder, Art of Living

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    Ritu Tripathi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available National cultural differences pose major obstacles to global business expansion. Managers, therefore, seek to learn more about cultures. Conventional managerial learning mostly draws from descriptive scientific models which have potential drawbacks such as unidimensionality, decontextualisation, and culture-level information. Explanatory models of cultural psychology can help overcome these limitations. Further, insights from a cross-culturally fluent authority provide reflective learnings. Toward this end, I engage in a conversation with Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, the founder of the Art of Living organization, on issues related to cultural identity in the global workplace in the Indian context.

  1. Ravi rahastamise lepingu sõlmimise menetluse regulatsiooni ja selle alusel Eesti Haigekassa poolt välja kujundatud halduspraktika kitsaskohad ning nende ületamise võimalused : [magistritöö] / Alle-Riin Nõgols ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond

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    Nõgols, Alle-Riin

    2012-01-01

    Ravi rahastamise lepingu olemusest ja sõlmimiseks läbiviidavast haldusmenetlusest, Eesti Haigekassa õiguslikust seisundist EL konkurentsiõiguse tähenduses, tervishoiuteenuse osutajate võrdse kohtlemise võimalustest ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimise protsessis

  2. BLOOD SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVEL AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SCROTAL CIRCUMFERENCE AND SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALO BULLS

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    M. SAJJAD, S. ALI, N. ULLAH1, M. ANWAR1, S. AKHTER AND S. M. H. ANDRABI1

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at determining the blood serum testosterone level and its relationship with scrotal circumference and physical characteristics of semen in Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Semen samples were collected weekly from three buffalo bulls of 14 years age for 12 weeks and were evaluated for physical characteristics i.e. ejaculatory volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, pH and sperm abnormalities. Jugular blood samples were collected from each bull at weekly intervals and analyzed for serum testosterorse concentrations. Mean (+ SE blood serum testosterone level (ng/ml, scrotal circumference (cm, semen volume (ml, progressive sperm motility (%, sperm concentration (106/µl, semen pH and total sperm abnormalities (% observed were 0.69 ± 0.12, 34.6 ± 0.9, 3.59 ± 0.41, 51.53 ± 2.23, 0.99 ± 0.07, 7.01 ± 0.08 and 11.67 ± 0.90, respectively. Positive correlations between testosterone level and scrotal circumference (r=0.414 and ejaculatory volume (r=0.348 were observed. However, no correlation of testosterone level with sperm motility (r=0.145, sperm concentration (r=0.264, semen pH (r=-0.208 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.242 was found. Similary, ejaculatory volume did not show any correlation with sperm motility percentage (r=0.115, sperm concentration (r=0.045, semen pH (r=-0.015 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.135. Sperm motility percentage had positive correlation with sperm concentration (r=0.347 and negative correlation with semen pH (r=-0.670. Sperm concentration was negatively correlated with semen pH (r=-0.501. It was concluded that in 14 years old buffalo bulls the level of serum testosterone and scrotal circumference and ejaculatory volume were positively correlated. The other semen quality parameters including sperm motility, sperm concentration, semen pH and sperm abnormalities were not related with serum testosterone level.

  3. Rao, Prof. Ravi Achutha

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Specialization: Classical Algebraic K-Theory, Commutative Algebra, Linear Algebra Address: Professor H, School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, Maharashtra Contact: Office: (022) 2278 2470. Residence: (022) 2430 9827. Mobile: 98333 63678. Fax: (022) ...

  4. Haiguste ravi / Aet Annist

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    Annist, Aet

    2010-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on vajalik, et psühhiaatriakliinikud oma tegevuse kohta aru andma peavad, kuna ka demokraatlikes tungimustes võivad range psühhiaatrilise järelevalve objektiks saada vähemuste esindajad või sotsiaalsesse isolatsiooni sattunud isikud

  5. Effect of Oxytocin Administration before Milking on Milk Production, Somatic Cells Count and fat Contents in Milk of Nili-Ravi Buffaloes

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    Muhammad Saleem Akhtar*, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi1, Abdul Asim Farooq, M. Mazhar Ayaz, Maqbool Hussain, Mushtaq Hussain Lashari and Zafar Iqbal Chaudhary

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was escorted to know the effect of oxytocin administration before milking on milk production, somatic cells count and fat contents in milk of buffaloes. Twenty lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (n = 10 buffaloes were treated intramuscularly with 30 IU of oxytocin daily before the start of milking for the period of 7 days, whereas group B (n = 10 buffaloes were given no treatment and served as control. Milk samples were collected from all buffaloes 7 days before (Phase I, during (Phase II and after (Phase III the treatment. There were significantly higher (P<0.05 milk production (liters during phase-II in group A (8.57±0.07 liters buffaloes as compare to group B (8.40±0.04 liters whereas non-significant differences were recorded in the mean milk production between group A and B during phase-I (8.46 vs 8.43 liters and III (8.54 liters. Somatic cells count varied from 72.96 to 97.01 × 103 and 71.86 to 77.14 × 103 cells per ml in group A and B, respectively. Mean somatic cells count were significantly higher (P<0.05 in group A as compared to group B during phases II of study. During phase I, II and III, there were non-significant differences in fat percentage between two groups of buffaloes. It was concluded that milk production and somatic cells count in milk of Nili-Ravi buffalo were affected by oxytocin injection before milking whereas there was no effect of oxytocin on milk fat percentage.

  6. Impact of anthropogenic activities on physico-chemical parameters of water and mineral uptake in Catla catla from river Ravi, Pakistan.

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    Shakir, Abdullah; Chaudhry, Abdul Shakoor; Qazi, Javed Iqbal

    2013-03-01

    The river Ravi, while passing through Lahore, the second largest city of Pakistan, gets highly polluted owning heavy loads of untreated municipal sewage and industrial effluents of diverse kinds. The fish, Catla catla sampled in two different seasons from three downstream polluted sites were compared with the samples of the same fish from an upstream, a less polluted site, for their physico-chemical parameters. The data were statistically analysed to study the effect of sites, seasons and their interaction on the physico-chemical parameters of waters and mineral uptake in fish muscles. Significant differences (P river appeared to be polluted as indicated by the high values of total suspended solids (909 mg/l) and sulphate (964 mg/l) in comparison to the respective values of 150 and 600 mg/l being suggested as the safer values of drinking water of the National Environmental Quality Standards. Most trace and macro elements in fish muscles were increased with the increasing pollution loads from the upstream to the downstream sites of this river. The remarkable increases in the levels of all the investigated minerals in fish muscles from the polluted sites raise concerns about the long-term health of the river Ravi ecosystem and consequently the fish and its consumer's health. The results contradict the opinion of the local population that the riverine fish are natural, more health-promoting and precious than the pond fish. Therefore, we strongly argue for the utilization of an effect-based monitoring approach to alleviate the detrimental effects of anthropogenic activities on fish and the fish consumers' health.

  7. Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults (Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos--RAVI)--Part I: Validity Evidence Based on Test Content and Response Processes.

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    Pernambuco, Leandro de Araújo; Espelt, Albert; Magalhães Júnior, Hipólito Virgílio; Cavalcanti, Renata Veiga Andersen; de Lima, Kenio Costa

    2016-03-01

    To identify the validity evidence based on the content and response processes of the Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos (RAVI; "Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults"), an epidemiologic screening for voice disorders in older adults. This is a prospective, nonrandomized, cross-sectional, validation study. Criteria for defining the domains and elaborating the questions were established to confirm the validity evidence based on the content. A multidisciplinary committee of 19 experts evaluated the questions, and the relevance and representation of the domains were analyzed using the Content Validity Index for Items (CVI-I) and the Content Validity Index (CVI), respectively. For validity evidence based on the response processes, 40 individuals of both sexes, aged ≥60 years, were stratified by demographic and socioeconomic condition. They responded to the RAVI, made suggestions, and their verbal and nonverbal reactions were observed. The first version of the RAVI consisted of 20 questions related to sensations and perceptions associated with the voice. Although the CVI value of 0.80 was satisfactory, the CVI-I and the suggestions of the expert committee indicated that the scale needed to be reformulated. Consultation with older adults indicated a need for further adjustment. The preliminary version of the RAVI consisted of 16 questions. The two aspects of validity evidence described in the present study were essential for adapting the questions to better fit the construct of the questionnaire. Other aspects of validity evidence and reliability analysis will be described in part II of this study. Copyright © 2016 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. SERUM ELECTROLYTES AND ENZYMES IN ENDOMETRITIC NILI-RAVI BUFF ALOES OF TWO AGE GROUPS AND AT TWO STAGES OF LACTATION

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    A. Sarwar, R. U. Shahid, S. Masood, R. Kausar and S. G. Sha

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Serum concentrations of tour electrol~1es including sodium (Na, potassium (K, calcium (Ca and Chloride ( Cl and activities of two enzymes i.e. aspartate transaminase ( AST and alanine transaminase (ALT were compared amongst 80 pregnant Nili-Ravi buffaloes in a 23 factorial experiment: between endometritic and health~ lots of two age groups and at two stages of lactation. The analysis of variance revealed that: endometritic buffaloes showing muco-purulent vaginal discharge exhibited raise in ALT, AST and Cl, while decline in Ca. Milking stage affected two parameters namely, serum Cl and AL T. Both Cl and ALT were found to be decreased up to 11 months of lactation. Age groups remained inert on all of the parameters studied. This data indicates that electrolytes and enzymes clearly deviate from their normal levels in endometritic buffaloes which may in turn affect reproductive performance negatively. Thus maintenance of optimal uterine health and balanced nutrition, particularly with reference to blood constituents are critical for better reproductive performance in animals of this species.

  9. Organochlorine pesticides across the tributaries of River Ravi, Pakistan: Human health risk assessment through dermal exposure, ecological risks, source fingerprints and spatio-temporal distribution.

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    Baqar, Mujtaba; Sadef, Yumna; Ahmad, Sajid Rashid; Mahmood, Adeel; Li, Jun; Zhang, Gan

    2017-11-10

    This study monitored the human health risks through dermal exposure, hazardous risks to ecological integrity, contamination levels, spatio-temporal distribution, and congener specific analysis of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) across River Ravi and its three northern tributaries (Nullah Bein, Nullah Basanter and Nullah Deg). The residual levels of OCPs isomers were screened for water (n=54) and surface sediment (n=54) samples from twenty seven sampling sites in two alternate seasons (pre-monsoon and post-monsoon). The ∑OCPs concentrations ranged from 13.61 to 1992.18ng/g dry weight and 12.89 to 128.16ng/L with predominance of β-endosulfan and p,p'-DDT in sediment and water matrixes, respectively. Distribution pattern revealed significantly higher concentrations in upstream and midstream, suggesting considerable transboundary OCPs pollution. Calculated ratios of α-HCH/γ-HCH, o,p'-DDT/p,p'-DDT, (DDE+DDD)/∑DDTs and cis/trans-chlordane for water and sediments identified the fresh addition of lindane, technical DDTs and chlordane in the study area. Risk quotient (RQ) based ecological risk was found to be >1 at all studied streams during both seasons and elucidates higher risks for endosulfan (α-endosulfan) and endrin. Human health risk assessment indicated absence of hazardous (non-carcinogenic) risk through bathing in studied streams; as the hazard index values ranged from 1.09E-05 to 2.48E-02 (acceptable limit; risk possessed by OCPs through dermal exposure ranged from 1.39E-10 to 1.98E-05 that highlighted the considerable carcinogenic risk associated to aldrin, dieldrin, p,p'-DDT and β-endosulfan at certain studied sites. Therefore, the high levels of ecological risk and carcinogenic human health risk had emphasized an immediate elimination of ongoing OCPs addition in the studied area. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in marine fishing communities in South India: Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Madala, Sreenivas R; Rao, Gullapalli N

    2012-03-01

    To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 40 years or more using a novel Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) methodology. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted using cluster random sampling to enumerate 1700 subjects from 34 clusters predominantly inhabited by marine fishing communities in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Unaided, aided and pinhole visual acuity (VA) was assessed using a Snellen chart at a distance of 6 m. Near vision was assessed using an N notation chart. Uncorrected refractive error was defined as presenting VA presbyopia was defined as binocular near vision worse than N8 in subjects with binocular distance VA ≥ 6/18. 1560 subjects (response rate - 92%) were available for examination. Of these, 54.6% were female and 10.1% were ≥70 years of age. Refractive error was present in 250 individuals. It was uncorrected in 179 (unmet need) and corrected in 71 (met need) individuals. Among 1094 individuals with no distance visual impairment, presbyopia was present in 494 individuals. It was uncorrected in 439 (unmet need) and corrected in 55 individuals (met need). Spectacle coverage was 28.4% for refractive errors and 11.1% for presbyopia. There is a high unmet need for uncorrected refractive errors and presbyopia among marine fishing communities in the Prakasam district of South India. The data from this study can now be used as a baseline prior to the commencement of eye care services in this region. Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics © 2012 The College of Optometrists.

  11. Unistuste ravi kontrollitud / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerika 2008.a. mängufilmist "Mässajate tänav" ("Revolutionary Road"), stsenarist Richard Yates'i samanimelise raamatu järgi Justin Haythe, režissöör Sam Mendes, operaator Roger Deakins, peaosades Kate Winslet, Leonardo DiCaprio

  12. Haiguste ravi. Kontrollitud / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    2000-01-01

    P. Alliku kureeritud näitusest "Naturalism" ja Academia Non Grata performance'itest Kunstihoone galeriis, J. Saare kureeritud näitusest "AIDS kultuuris" Rotermanni soolalaos, J. Zoova ja Kiwa näitusest "Kevaddisko" Tallinna Linnagaleriis, noortebiennaalist "ArtGenda" Helsingis ning H. Soansi ja M. Raadi kureeritud "ArtGenda" projektist "Analoog TV".

  13. Cerebral schistosomiasis | Ravi | SA Journal of Radiology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although schistosomiasis (bilharzia) is one of the most common parasitic infections in humans, schistosomal infection of the nervous system is rare. This report is of an unusual case of primary cerebral schistosomiasis and describes its magnetic resonance imaging appearance.

  14. Ravi rahastamise lepingutega seotud probleeme / Merike Varusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varusk, Merike, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Igaühe õigusest tervise kaitsele ja riigi kohustusest tervishoiuteenuste korraldamisel. Ravikindlustusvahendite kasutamisest tervishoiukulude katmiseks, lepingute sõlmimisest ning vastavast kohtupraktikast

  15. Teater kui katk, teater kui haiguste ravi / Kalev Kudu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kudu, Kalev, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Antonin Artaud' projekt tegevuskunsti festivalil "Diverse Universe". Projekti lavastas Tartu Üliõpilasteatri näitlejate ja Tartu Ülikooli kahe teatritudengiga Ph. Brehse Berliini performance'irühmast Open Space. Workshop Tartu Üliõpilasmajas 3.-6. maini ja 6. mail Sadamateatris etendus "Katk". Lisatud lavastaja ja osalejate arvamused õpikojast

  16. Kunstikriitiku professionaalne paranoia ja selle ravi / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Vastulause raamatu "20. sajandi mõttevoolud" (Tallinn ; Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli kirjastus, 2009) arvustusele: Saar Johannes. 20. sajandi mõttevoolud : kogu talveks lugemist ja magamist. Eesti Päevaleht, 2009, 25. sept., lk. 12-13

  17. Hemato-biochemical and clinico-epidemiological aspects of parturient hemoglobinuria in Nili-Ravi buffaloes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Khan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available For this study, 60 buffaloes suffering from parturient hemoglobinuria (PHU were randomly selected from field cases occurring in three districts of Punjab, Pakistan and simultaneously, 60 clinically healthy buffaloes of similar description from the same localities were included for case control study. Clinico-epidemiological data were collected. Blood/serum samples from all buffaloes were collected and analyzed. The most prominent clinical sign was passing of red to coffee colored urine. Milk production was reduced and respiration and pulse rates were significantly accelerated. Ruminal motility was significantly weak and reduced along with characteristic straining while defecating. The case fatality was 15%. A significantly high occurrence of PHU was observed in the winter season (41.8%. Maximum number of affected buffaloes (25.0% was in 4th lactation. Twenty-seven (45.0% buffaloes developed hemoglobinuria in the post calving period and majority (59.3% of these were within 1-23 days of calving. Of the 33 (55.0% PHU affected pregnant buffaloes, 18 (54.6% were in their third trimester. The highest cases of PHU were observed in buffaloes producing 10 or more liters of milk/day (42.5%. Recurrence of PHU was observed in 18.3% buffaloes. Mean values of total erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin concentration and packed cell volume were lower (P<0.001, while erythrocyte sediment rate was higher (P<0.001 in PHU affected buffaloes as compared to the values in healthy buffaloes. Neutrophils were significantly higher, while lymphocytes and erythrocytic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD were lower, in PHU affected buffaloes than in healthy buffaloes. Serum phosphorus, copper and selenium were significantly (P<0.001 lower, whereas potassium, iron and molybdenum (P<0.001 were higher in buffaloes suffering from PHU than healthy buffaloes.

  18. Page 1 424 S A Ravi Shankar et al of selective flocculation of ore ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , obtained from. Thomas Baker and Co. (USA) having the following characteristics (table 1). The X-ray diffraction pattern showed that the synthetic iron oxide used in the. Table 1. Material characteristics. Particle size (minus Surface area PZC,.

  19. TLÜ teadlased andsid panuse avastusse, mis tõotab läbimurret Alzheimeri ravis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tallinna ülikooli teadlased professor Jan Johansson ja dr Jenny Presto teevad koostööd kolleegidega Karolinska instituudist, Cambridge’ist ja Lundi ülikoolist. Uurimisrühm leidis Alzheimeri tõbe käivitava molekuli ning seda on õpitud blokeerima

  20. Water quality index for assessment of water quality of river ravi at ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... as a tool in comparing the water quality of different sources. It gives the public a general idea of the possible problems with water in a particular region. The indices are among the most effective ways to communicate the information on water quality trends to the public or to the policy makers and water quality management.

  1. Audit tarõ pomozhet sekonomit / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2008-01-01

    Pakendiaudit aitab erinevatele kaupadele ja toodetele sobivat pakendit leida. Vt. samas: Ebapiisav pakend; Millist infot kogub pakendiaudit; Transpordipakend kaitseb kaupa väliste vigastuste eest; Kauba surm saabus kehva pakkimise tõttu. Kommenteerib Janek Kivimurd

  2. SOME CLINICO-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL OBSERVATIONS OF PARTURIENT HAEMOGLOBINURIA IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES (BUBALUS BUBALIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Z. AKHTAR, A. KHAN, T. ZAMAN AND N. AHMAD1

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was executed to know the clinico-epidemiology of parturient haemoglobinuria (PHU in buffaloes. A total of 60 buffaloes suffering from PHU were randomly selected from field cases occurring in Faisalabad, Toba Tek Singh and Jhang districts of Punjab, Pakistan. Sixty clinically healthy buffaloes of similar description from the same localities were also included in the study as control. The most prominent clinical sign was passing of red to coffee coloured urine. Milk production in affected buffaloes was significantly (P<0.001 reduced, while respiration and pulse rates were accelerated (P<0.001. Ruminal motility was significantly weak and reduced alongwith characteristic straining while defecating. The case fatality was 15%. A significantly higher occurrence of PHU was observed in the winter season (41.8%. Maximum number of affected buffaloes (25.0% was in 4th lactation. Twenty seven (45.0% buffaloes developed haemoglobinuria in the post calving period and majority (59.3% of these were within 1-23 days of calving. Of the 33(55.0% PHU affected pregnant buffaloes, 18 (54.6% were in their third trimester. The highest cases of PHU were observed in buffaloes producing 10 or more litres of milk/day (42.5%. Recurrence of PHU was observed in 18.3% buffaloes. Berseem constituted a major component (65% of fodders of most of the PHU affected buffaloes. Significantly lowered serum phosphorus, copper and selenium, while higher potassium, iron and molybdenum, were found in affected buffaloes as compared to healthy buffaloes. It was concluded that PHU mostly affects high yielding buffaloes in their 3-5th lactation particularly in early lactation or advanced pregnancy. Disease is strongly associated with Berseem feeding in winter season.

  3. A population-based cross-sectional study of barriers to uptake of eye care services in South India: the Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Khanna, Rohit C; Shekhar, Konegari; Rao, Gullapalli N

    2014-06-12

    To assess the barriers to uptake of eye care services among those with avoidable impairment in the population aged ≥40 years in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Cross-sectional study. Community setting. Of 7800 participants recruited from one urban and two rural locations using a two-stage cluster random sampling methodology, 7378 (95%) were examined. Eye examinations were conducted using a rapid assessment protocol. Visual impairment (VI) was defined as presenting visual acuity attitude and 'felt need' to improve vision, newer and much intensive awareness campaigns are needed to bring about an attitudinal/behavioural change among individuals to improve the uptake of services. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  4. Outcomes of Cataract Surgery in Urban and Rural Population in the South Indian State of Andhra Pradesh: Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Khanna, Rohit C; Shekhar, Konegari; Rao, Gullapalli N

    2016-01-01

    To assess the visual outcomes after cataract surgery among urban and rural population aged ≥40 years in the South India state of Andhra Pradesh. A population based cross-sectional study was conducted in which 7800 subjects were sampled from two rural and one urban location. Visual Acuity was assessed and eye examination were performed by trained personnel. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information, and history of cataract surgery. Blindness and moderate Visual Impairment (MVI) was defined as presenting VA blindness was seen in 14.7% of the eyes. A significantly higher proportion of subjects in urban area had good outcome as compared to those in the rural area (p = 0.01). Uncorrected refractive error (58.7%) was the leading cause of MVI, and posterior segment disease (34.3%) was the leading cause of blindness. On applying multiple logistic regression, risk factors for poor outcomes were age ≥ 70 years (OR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.3-2.8), rural residence (OR: 1.3, 95% CI:1.0-1.8) and presence of aphakia (OR: 8.9, 95% CI: 5.7-13.8). Post cataract surgery, refractive errors remain an important correctable cause of MVI, in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The correction of refractive errors is required to provide good visual recovery and achieve the benefit of cataract surgery.

  5. Age and Weight at Puberty in Nili-Ravi Buffalo Heifers Reared on Three Dietary Energy Restriction Periods followed by Compensatory Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Anjum*, A. Azim, M. A. Jabbar1, M. Anwar2 and I. H. Mirza

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Twenty two weaned heifers about 6-8 months old and 98.57±5 kg average BW were divided into two groups; either fed continuously as per NRC recommendations (control or stair-step nutritional regimen (SSNR. For control group total mixed rations were formulated by adapting the large dairy breeds heifer’s nutrient requirements for growth rate of 0.6 kg/day considering body weight of 100, 200 and 300 kg at the beginning of phase I (from 8 to 13 months, phase II (from 14 to 19 months and phase III (from 20 to 25 months, respectively. The SSNR group, in each phase started on restricted energy diet (80% ME of control for 4 months and ended with compensatory energy (120% ME of control for 2 months. There was no difference in daily DMI, weight gain and FCR in heifers raised on SSNR versus control diet. One heifer from each group had retarded growth, and was excluded from reproductive studies. Proportion of heifers attaining puberty by 18-23 months of age did not differ (P>0.05 between SSNR (80% and control group (70%. Pubertal age (649±21.76 vs 639±21.46 days and BW (382±14.00 vs 364±12.48 kg were not affected by SSNR compared to control diet. Similarly, differences in services per conception or conception rate between the two groups were non-significant. However, SSNR reduced feed cost by Rs 16.69/kg BW gain compared to control. It can thus be concluded that SSNR shows economic advantage in rearing of buffalo heifers from post-weaning to conception age without any negative effect on reproductive efficiency compared with heifers fed as per NRC recommendations.

  6. Influence of Replacement of Concentrate with Enzose (Corn Dextrose and Corn Steep Liquor on Nutrient intake in Nili Ravi Buffalo Bulls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. ul Hassan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to examine the influence of replacement of concentrate with EZ and CSL on nutrient intake in ruminally cannulated buffalo bulls fed corncobs based diets. Diets were iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric. The control diet (C was contained 70% corncobs and 30 % concentrate on dry matter basis. Enzose and corn steep liquor replaced 100 % concentrates in respective diets (EZ and CSL on dry matter basis. In the EZCSL diet, 100% concentrates was replaced by the blend of equal amount of CSL and EZ. Four buffalo bulls of almost same age and weight were fed twice a day at restricted intake (1.5% of their body weight and at ad libitum intake in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square. Dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber intakes were noticed non-significant in buffalo bulls fed C, EZ, CSL and EZCSL at both restricted and ad libitum intakes. EZ and CSL can safely replace the concentrate portion in corncobs based diets without affecting intake. In conclusion, EZ and CSL can be a good substitute of concentrate in corncobs based diets when fed at maintenance level.

  7. Laste ja noorte tervisekäitumine = Health behaviour of children and young people / Kati Karelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karelson, Kati

    2006-01-01

    16-24-aastaste tervisekäitumise analüüsiks on kasutatud 2004. aasta Euroopa sotsiaaluuringu ja Eesti täiskasvanud rahvastiku tervisekäitumise uuringu andmeid. Vigastuste arv Eesti laste hulgas, tervist kahjustav riskikäitumine, ülekaalulisus noorte hulgas, sportimine, hinnang oma tervisele. Tabelid, diagrammid

  8. The Indian Air Force. Trends and Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    acquired in 1984 and serve primarily as part of the IAF’s air defense fleet. 4 Ravi Rikhye, in The Milltarzatiaon of Mother Inaia, New Delhi: Chanakya ...for Year Ended 31 March 1994, No. 9 of 1993, Union Government, 1993. Rikhye, Ravi, The Miiitarization of Mother India, New Delhi: Chanakya ...Publications, 1990. Rikhye, Ravi, The War That Never Was, New Delhi: Chanakya Pub.. lications, 1988. Rikhye, Ravi, "Why India Won: The 14-Day War," Armed Forces

  9. Hobuste hääled : Gerd Heuschmanni kõnekad väljaastumised hobuste eest / Birgit Popp ; saksa keelest tõlkisid Merike Udrik ja Agnes Raudam ; kommenteerinud Marlen Vassil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Popp, Birgit

    2009-01-01

    Gerd Heuschmanni poolt väljaantud raamatust Finger in der Wunde ja selle ingliskeelsest tõlkest Tug of War : Classical versus "Modern" Dressage ning kakskeelsest filmist Stimmen der Pferde = If Horses Could Speak. Kõigis neis teostes käsiteltaksehobuse pingevaba kehahoiaku kujundamise ja hobusõbraliku koolituse vajalikkust ning ratsahobustele vigastuste ning kannatuste põhjustamist hobuse anatoomia vähese tundmise ja juba väljakujunenud treeningmeetodite järgimise tulemusel kasutatavast valest ratsutamistiilist

  10. Kas ravi välismaal on igaühe teoreetiline õigus või praktiline võimalus? Euroopa Parlamendi ja nõukogu direktiivi 2011/24/EL Eesti õigusesse ülevõtmise mudel / Sille Allikmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allikmets, Sille, 1968-

    2014-01-01

    Piiriülese tervishoiuteenuse regulatsiooni arengust Euroopa Liidus. Patsientide varustamine vajaliku teabega, võrdne kohtlemine, eelloa nõue ja ravikulude katmise põhimõtted direktiivi 2011/24/EL alusel

  11. Population-based assessment of prevalence and causes of visual impairment in the state of Telangana, India: a cross-sectional study using the Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Khanna, Rohit C; Kunkunu, Eswararao; Rao, Gullapalli N

    2016-12-15

    To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment (VI) among a rural population aged 40 years and older in the state of Telangana in India. Population-based cross-sectional study. Districts of Adilabad and Mahbubnagar in south Indian state of Telangana, India. A sample of 6150 people was selected using cluster random sampling methodology. A team comprising a trained vision technician and a field worker visited the households and conducted the eye examination. Presenting, pinhole and aided visual acuity were assessed. Anterior segment was examined using a torchlight. Lens was examined using distant direct ophthalmoscopy in a semidark room. In all, 5881 (95.6%) participants were examined from 123 study clusters. Among those examined, 2723 (46.3%) were men, 4824 (82%) had no education, 2974 (50.6%) were from Adilabad district and 1694 (28.8%) of them were using spectacles at the time of eye examination. VI was defined as presenting visual acuity glasses (OR 0.19; 95% CI 0.1 to 0.2) were protective. VI was also higher in Mahbubnagar (OR 1.0 to 1.5) district. Cataract (54.7%) was the leading cause of VI followed by uncorrected refractive errors (38.6%). VI continues to remain a challenge in rural Telangana. As over 90% of the VI is avoidable, massive eye care programmes are required to address the burden of VI in Telangana. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  12. Raginal rannavormi / kommenteerinud Reet Puks, Merily Lehis, Helle Nurmsalu, Galina Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Ilusalongides pakutavatest salendavatest kehahooldusprotseduuridest aparaatidega - LPG edermoloogiline massaaž, Universal Contour Wrap, ULTRATONE intensiivne tselluliidiravi ja mittekirurgiline facelift, Shockmaster AWT meetod (akustilise laine ravi)

  13. Kui toit teeb haigeks / Anu Viita-Neuhaus ; kommenteerib Maie Jürisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viita-Neuhaus, Anu

    2010-01-01

    Toidu talumatusest ja allergiast: allergeenid; millised allergia diagnoosimise teste kasutatakse; allergia ravi. Kommenteerib Tallinna Lastehaigla Kesklinna Lastepolikliiniku nahaarst ja Eesti Allergialiidu juhataja Maie Jürisson

  14. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Ravi Prakash. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 27 Issue 6 December 2002 pp 631-642. Experimental and finite element analysis of fracture criterion in general yielding fracture mechanics · D M Kulkarni Ravi Prakash A N Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Efforts made over the last ...

  15. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Ravi S Nanjundiah. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 4 June 2017 pp 54. Deep learning for predicting the monsoon over the homogeneous regions of India · Moumita Saha Pabitra Mitra Ravi S Nanjundiah · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  16. Drug: D05248 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05248 Drug Freeze-dried inactivated tissue culture ravies vaccine (JP16) Vaccine [...r08301] 6 Agents against pathologic organisms and parasites 63 Biological preparations 631 Vaccines 6313 Viral vaccine...s D05248 Freeze-dried inactivated tissue culture ravies vaccine (JP16) PubChem: 47206964 ...

  17. The Optimal Use of Entropy and Enthalpy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 9. The Optimal Use of Entropy and Enthalpy. M S Ananth R Ravi. General Article Volume 6 Issue 9 ... Author Affiliations. M S Ananth1 R Ravi1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai 600 036, India.

  18. Nanomeditsiin / Kevin Bullis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bullis, Kevin

    2006-01-01

    Michigani ülikooli arstiteadlane James Baker loob nanoosakesi medikamentide juhtimiseks otse vähirakkudesse, mis võib kaasa tuua palju ohutuma ravi. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat

  19. Uudiseid maailmast / Ivo Heinloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinloo, Ivo

    2013-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid muusikamaailmast: Suri Dave Brubeck. CNN valis Euroopa parimad jazziklubid. Lahkus Ravi Shankar. Jagati latiinomuusika Grammysid. Suri jazzpianist Austin Peralta. Molde jazzifestivali korraldaja pani ameti aha. Suri John Tchicai

  20. Laanemetsa ja Sukmiti edukas raviseanss Bonnis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Bonni "Videonalel" pälvis Mari Laanemetsa ja Killu Sukmiti video "Ravi" noortepreemia. Videonale preemia - Calin Danil, tagasivaate preemia - Kenny Macleod. Eestist osales veel Kai Kaljo, kes enne "Videonalet" avas personaalnäituse Bratislavas Sorosi keskuse galeriis

  1. Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete sotsiaalne toimetulek / Virve-Ines Laidmäe, Maire-Liis Hääl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laidmäe, Virve-Ines, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Krooniliste reumatoloogiliste haigete terviseseisundist, ravi kättesaadavusest ning toimetulekust haiguse ja igapäevaeluga. Uurimuse aluseks on rahvastikuküsitluse "Eesti 2003" ja küsitluse "Kroonilised reumatoloogilised haiged 2006" materjalid

  2. miRNAting control of DNA methylation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ashwani Jha1 Ravi Shankar1. Studio of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics, Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (CSIR-IHBT), Palampur 176 061, India ...

  3. Synthesis of nanocrystalline SnO 2 powder at 100 C

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Sanjay R Dhage1 S P Gaikwad1 Violet Samuel2 V Ravi1. Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India; Catalysis Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India ...

  4. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 11, No 45 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hippophae rhamnoides L.) against foodborne and food spoilage pathogens · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Richa Arora, Sunil Mundra, Ashish Yadav, Ravi B Srivastava, ...

  5. Meditsiinidoktor Marje Oona / Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maaroos, Heidi-Ingrid, 1942-

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli polikliiniku ja perearstiteaduse õppetooli assistendi ja teaduri Marje Oona doktoritöö "Helicobacter pylori infektsioon lastel : epidemioloogilisi ja ravi aspekte" kaitsmisest Tartu Ülikoolis 12. jaanuaril 2005

  6. Dislocation unpinning model of acoustic emission from alkali halide ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    AE) from alkali halide crystals. ... School of Studies in Physics, Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukia University, Raipur 492 010, India; Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur 492 101, India; Department of ...

  7. Luminescence performance of Eu -doped lead-free zinc phosphate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ∗, V REDDY PRASAD1, S BABU1 and V V RAVI KANTH KUMAR2. 1Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, India. 2Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 605 014, India. MS received 9 ...

  8. Neljandik raviks end meelsasti välismaal / Marika Kusnets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kusnets, Marika

    2006-01-01

    Poliitikauuringute Keskuse Praxis 2005. aastal läbi viidud uuringust selgus, et 25% Eesti elanikest eelistaks ravi välismaal. Diagramm: Eelistused arstiabi saamise paiga osas erinevates elanike gruppides (%)

  9. Haigekassa jättis vigastatud motokrossiässa toetuseta / Ulis Guth

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guth, Ulis, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Aasta tagasi motokrossi MMi etapi vabatreeningul kukkudes selgroogu vigastanud ja alakehast halvatuks jäänud Avo Leok annab homme kultuuriministeeriumis pressikonverentsi, kus ta tutvustab oma vahepealseid tegemisis ja ravi kulgu

  10. The Twelfth Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: Events and achievements

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dhargalkar, V.K.

    The twelfth Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica comprising 56 members coming from different scientific organisations/institutions and the logistic contingent from three wings of defense services was flagged off by Shri Ravi Naik, Honourable...

  11. Diabeedibuss liigub külast külla / Marju Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Past, Marju, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Diabeediliidu poolt käivitatud projektist avastamaks diabeeti varajases staadiumis. Maakondade väiksemates asulates mõõdetakse erinevaid tervisele olulisi parameetreid ning määratakse vajadusel esialgne ravi

  12. Akna varastamine : eesti Y-kirjandus / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2014-01-01

    Valdur Mikita, Erkki Luuk'i, Kiwa, Kaspari ja kirjanike rühmituse “14 NÜ” (Mait Laas, Paavo Matsin, Marko Mägi, Erkki Kadarik, Marianne Ravi, Maarja Vaino, Trip Jarvis, Johannes Üksi) loomingust

  13. Bhargava, Prof. Manjul

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: How Things Break – The Mechanics of Dynamic Fracture. Posted on 16th February 2018. by Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. in Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. on 23 February 2018, 1500 event poster ...

  14. Ram Sagar, Dr

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: How Things Break – The Mechanics of Dynamic Fracture. Posted on 16th February 2018. by Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. in Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. on 23 February 2018, 1500 event poster ...

  15. -pyrrole substituted porphyrin-pyrene dyads using vinylene spacer ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. P Silviya Reeta1 Ravi Kumar Kanaparthi1 L Giribabu1. Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad 500 607, India ...

  16. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ravi, Prof. Vasanthapuram MD (JIPMER), FAMS. Date of birth: 30 November 1955. Specialization: Neurovirology, Viral Diagnostics, Molecular Epidemiology of Viral Infections Address: Department of Neurovirology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Hosur Road, Bengaluru 560 029, Karnataka Contact:

  17. Microstructure and wear behaviour of FeAl-based composites ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. RAVI KANT1 UJJWAL PRAKASH1 VIJAYA AGARWALA1 V V SATYA PRASAD2. Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India; Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad 500 058, India ...

  18. Modelling spatio-temporal interactions within the cell

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2006-12-05

    Dec 5, 2006 ... Author Affiliations. Padmini Rangamani1 Ravi Iyengar1. Department of Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA ...

  19. Ratiometric fluorescence signalling of fluoride ions by an ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia. Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 119; Issue 2. Ratiometric fluorescence signalling of fluoride ions by an amidophthalimide derivative. Moloy Sarkar Raghavendra Yellampalli Bhaswati Bhattacharya Ravi Kumar Kanaparthi Anunay Samanta.

  20. HIV-ravim võis saastuda tehases / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2007-01-01

    Keemiliselt saastunud HIV-ravimi Viracept sattumine Eestisse on vähetõenäoline, kuid ohutuse huvides korjatakse kõik ravimid patsientide käest tagasi ning asendatakse ravimifirma kulul. Lisa: HIVi ravi

  1. SCREENING OF BREEDING BULLS OF DIFFERENT BREEDS THROUGH KARYOTYPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Ahmad, K. Javed1 and A. Sattar

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available A study of chromosomal analysis for 200 breeding bulls of different breeds of cattle (Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Sahiwal and Cross-bred and Nili-Ravi buffalo, maintained at Semen Production Unit, Qadirabad and Livestock Experiment Station, Bhunikey (Pattoki was carried out. Micromethod was adopted for leukocyte culture and chromosomes were trapped at metaphase stage. The diploid number of chromosomes in all breeds of cattle was found to be 60 (58 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes: XY, while this number in Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls was 50 (48 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes: XY. All the autosomes and sex chromosomes in males of both species were found normal.

  2. Low voltage varistor ceramics based on SnO2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    WINTEC

    Low voltage varistor ceramics based on SnO2. S R DHAGE*, V RAVI. † and O B YANG. School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, South Korea. †. Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India. MS received 21 May ...

  3. JESS-D-16-00396 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  4. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... coding for carotenoid biosynthetic pathway during ripening and their association with accumulation of lycopene in tomato fruits · Shuchi Smita Ravi Rajwanshi Sangram Keshari Lenka Amit Katiyar Viswanathan Chinnusamy Kailash Chander Bansal · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Fruit ripening process is associated ...

  5. 251.pdf | mar2007 | jbiosci | www.ias.ac.in | | http: | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  6. current.html | jess | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  7. contdec2004.html | jess | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  8. Alzheimer ja ämblikud - ühe niidi kaks otsa / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2015-01-01

    Ämblikuniit ja Alzheimeri tõbe põhjustavad naastud ajus on välimuselt peaaegu identsed ja tekivad bioloogiliselt sarnaselt. Tallinna Ülikooliga koostööd tegeva Rootsi teadlase Jan Johanssoni ja tema töörühma uurimistööst Alzheimeri tõvele ravi leidmiseks

  9. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. D M Kulkarni. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 27 Issue 6 December 2002 pp 631-642. Experimental and finite element analysis of fracture criterion in general yielding fracture mechanics · D M Kulkarni Ravi Prakash A N Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Efforts made over the last ...

  10. BOMS-D-16-00015.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  11. The Rosetta–Philae Comet Mission as Physics Appreciation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Ravi P Rau earned his degrees in physics from. Delhi University and the. University of Chicago, and has been a professor in the Department of. Physics & Astronomy at. Louisiana State Univer- sity since 1974. He is a frequent visitor with adjunct appointments at the Raman Research. Institute, Bengaluru, and the Tata ...

  12. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Violet Samuel. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 3 June 2004 pp 221-222 Synthesis. Synthesis of nanocrystalline SnO2 powder at 100°C · Sanjay R Dhage S P Gaikwad Violet Samuel V Ravi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A simple gel to ...

  13. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Siddharth S. Malu. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 32 Issue 4 December 2011 pp 541-544. 18 GHz SZ Measurements of the Bullet Cluster · Siddharth S. Malu Ravi Subrahmanyan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. We present 18 ...

  14. fell detail.php3 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  15. An investigation into the prevalence of water borne diseases in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Water-borne diseases are the most prevalent infectious diseases in the developing countries especially in new settlements along the river. The present investigation was carried out to assess the prevalence rate of water-borne diseases among people residing near the left bank of River Ravi. This study has a descriptive ...

  16. JESS-D-16-00399R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  17. 314.pdf | feb102006 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  18. Synthesis of monomeric and polymeric alkali and alkaline earth ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    5, September 2014, pp. 1463–1475. c Indian Academy of Sciences. Synthesis of monomeric and polymeric alkali and alkaline earth metal complexes using a phosphinoselenoic amide ligand in metal coordination sphere. JAYEETA BHATTACHARJEE, RAVI K KOTTALANKA, HARINATH ADIMULAM and TARUN K PANDA.

  19. (MAA:EA) copolymer films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-08-16

    doped films revealed the vibrational changes that occurred due to ..... Ravi M, Bhavani S, Sharma A K and Narasimha Rao. V V R 2012 Polym. Eng. Sci. 52 1685. [14] Rhoo H J, Kim H T, Park J K and Hwang T S 1997 Electrochim.

  20. articles24.htm | mar25 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  1. Long term use of bovine somatotropic (bST) on reproduction ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thirty Nili-Ravi lactating buffaloes with approximately similar milk yields and stage of lactation were selected and randomly allocated to two treatments, A and B, with 15 animals in each group. Group A served as control while animals in group B were given injections of bovine somatotropic hormone (250 mg intramuscular ...

  2. Betti Alveri sünniaastapäeval kuulutatakse välja järjekordne Alveri kirjandusauhinna saaja...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Kirjandusauhinna nominendid: Sass Henno. Mina olin siin ; Andrei Hvostov. Lombakas Achilleus ; Mart Kangur, Jaak Rand ja Ivar Ravi. Jaak Rand ja teisi jutte ; Diana Leesalu. 2 grammi hämaruseni ; Jaan Pehk. Sisukord ; Linnar Priimägi. Kelle tee on varjul ; Leo de Sixtus. Skarabeuse tsivilisatsioon

  3. Selgusid Betti Alveri preemia nominendid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Betti Alveri kirjandusauhinna nominendid: Sass Henno "Mina olin siin", Andrei Hvostovi "Lombakas Achilleus", Mart Kanguri, Jaak Ranna ja Ivar Ravi "Jaak Rand ja teisi jutte", Diana Leesalu "2 grammi hämaruseni", Jaan Pehki "Sisukord", Linnar Priimäe "Kelle tee on varjul", Leo de Sixtuse "Skarabeuse tsivilisatsioon". Vt. ka Eesti Päevaleht, 16. nov., lk. 15

  4. miRNAting control of DNA methylation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    miRNAting control of DNA methylation. ASHWANI JHA and RAVI SHANKAR. Supplementary figure 1. Enrichment analysis of the genes methylated in the presence of IDNl1 and/or IDNl2 for molecular function and biological process. Supplementary figure 2. Enrichment analysis of the genes methylated by DRM2 for ...

  5. Õiguse tõlgendamise ja argumenteerimise võimaluste kasutamine Eesti Vabariigi Riigikohtu praktikas. Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi otsus asjas 3-3-1-29-12 / Raul Narits, Einar Vene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Narits, Raul, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Lahendiga muutis Riigikohtu halduskolleegium oma senist praktikat mitmes haldus- ja halduskohtumenetluses suurt tähtsust omavas küsimuses ning kujundas sellest tulenevalt uusi põhimõttelisi seisukohti

  6. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    One Hundred Years of Peptide Chemistry · V V Suresh Babu · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 76-86 General Article. Molecules for Converting Sunlight into Electricity - Dye Sensitized Nanocrystalline-TiO2 based Photovoltaics · Ravi Mosurkal · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 87-91 Think It Over. Solution to Tangles of Mats and ...

  7. The regulatory epicenter of miRNAs

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 36; Issue 4. The regulatory epicenter of ... Mehra1 Ravi Shankar1. Studio of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics, Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Palampur 176 061, HP, India ...

  8. 76 FR 23545 - Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-27

    .... Nantong Dongchang Chemical Industry Corp. Nutracare International. Paras Intermediates Pvt. Ltd. Qingdao Samin Chemical Co., Ltd. Ravi Industries. Salvi Chemical Industries. Shaanxi Maxsun Trading Co., Ltd.... Hebei Donghua Chemical General Corporation. Hebei Donghua Jiheng Fine Chemical. H.K. Tangfin Chemicals...

  9. JESS-D-17-00004 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  10. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 26 Issue 2 February 2003 pp 215-216 Synthesis. Preparation of microwave dielectric, Sn0.2Zr0.8TiO4 · Sanjay R Dhage V Ravi S K Date · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A simple coprecipitation technique is described for the preparation of tin substituted zirconium ...

  11. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 26 Issue 2 February 2003 pp 215-216 Synthesis. Preparation of microwave dielectric, Sn0.2Zr0.8TiO4 · Sanjay R Dhage V Ravi S K Date · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A simple coprecipitation technique is described for the preparation of tin substituted zirconium titanate ceramic powders. Volume 27 Issue 1 ...

  12. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. S R Dhage. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 1 February 2004 pp 43-45 Dielectric Materials. Nonlinear – characteristics study of doped SnO2 · S R Dhage V Ravi S K Date · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. When tin oxide is doped with ...

  13. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Renu Pasricha. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 28 Issue 2 April 2005 pp 121-123 Nanomaterials. Preparation of nanocrystalline ferroelectric BaNb2O6 by citrate gel method · S P Gaikwad Violet Samuel Renu Pasricha V Ravi · More Details Abstract ...

  14. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Benchmarking and scaling studies of pseudospectral code Tarang for turbulence simulations · Mahendra K Verma Anando Chatterjee K Sandeep Reddy Rakesh K Yadav Supriyo Paul Mani Chandra Ravi Samtaney · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Tarang is a general-purpose pseudospectral parallel code for ...

  15. Response surface method applied to optimization of estradiol ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Membranes have found applications in drug delivery systems, skin permeation simu- lation, waste water treatment, packaging in food industry and textile dyeing (Ravi Kumar 2000; Stamatialis et al 2008). CHT membranes prepared by a casting solvent evapora- tion technique can be obtained at ambient or higher tempera-.

  16. Editorial

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    left the star at about the time of the previous Chicago fair in 1893! Photovoltaic cells were new and exciting technology back in 1933 but the quest for better, more efficient, economical photovoltaic cells has continued resulting in recent discovery of dye sensitized photovoltaic cells (DSVP). Ravi Mosurkal explains the concept ...

  17. sci edu-insa ias.pdf | misc docs | academy | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  18. JESS-D-16-00547 R3.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  19. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. K PADMA RAJU. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 42 Issue 9 September 2017 pp 1617-1628. Estimate-Merge-Technique-based algorithms to track an underwater moving target using towed array bearing-only measurements · D V A N RAVI KUMAR S KOTESWARA RAO K PADMA RAJU.

  20. scival-report.pdf | sci val | academy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  1. Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rangaswami, Dr Govindachetty Ph.D. (Rutgers), D.Sc. (UAS, TNAU and PU). Date of birth: 10 May 1925. Date of death: 7 September 2005. Specialization: Agriculture, Microbiology and Plant Pathology Address: 'Ravi Nivas', No. 17 (Old 21), Indira Gandhi Road, Fairlands, Salem 636 016. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  2. JESS-D-16-00450 R2.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  3. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Pravin Talan. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 29 Issue 4 August 2004 pp 365-380. The effect of specimen thickness on the experimental and finite element characterization of CTOD in extra deep drawn steel sheets · D M Kulkarni Ravi Prakash Pravin Talan A N Kumar · More Details Abstract ...

  4. Viscosity.pdf | chemistry | resources | sci ed | initiat | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  5. Changing certain dietary cationic and anionic minerals: Impact on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study was conducted to examine the influence of varying dietary cation anion difference (DCAD) on acid base status, mineral dynamics, occurrence of milk fever and udder edema in Nili Ravi buffaloes in a randomized complete block design. Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets having -22, -11, +11 and +22 ...

  6. Histidine as a catalyst in organic synthesis: A facile in situ synthesis ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 113; Issue 4. Histidine as a catalyst in organic synthesis: A facile in situ synthesis of , N-diarylnitrones. H Mallesha K R Ravi Kumar B K Vishu Kumar K Mantelingu K S Rangappa. Organic Volume 113 Issue 4 August 2001 pp 291-296 ...

  7. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Jaya Shree A. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 128 Issue 3 March 2016 pp 441-450 Regular Articles. An efficient synthesis of 8-substituted Odoratine derivatives by the Suzuki coupling reaction · Ravi Kumar P Balakrishna C Murali B Ramakrishna ...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. V Samuel. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 28 Issue 5 August 2005 pp 391-393 Synthesis. Preparation of ultrafine LiTaO3 powders by citrate gel method · S C Navale V Samuel V Ravi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A gel was formed when a ...

  9. Importance of the Vindhya Basin in the Prehistory of the Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ThinkPad

    2016-11-25

    Nov 25, 2016 ... Importance of the Vindhya Basin in the Prehistory of the Indian. Subcontinent. 82nd Annual Meeting. Indian Academy of Sciences. November 4 and 6, 2016. IISER, Bhopal. Ravi Korisettar. Senior Fellow. Dr. V.S. Wakankar Archaeological Research Institute,. Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal ...

  10. 236.pdf | jul252009 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  11. Techniques for Exploiting Unlabeled Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    Moore, Ar- jit Singh, Jure Leskovec, Stano Funiak, Andreas Krause, Gaurav Veda, John Lang- ford, R. Ravi, Peter Lee, Srinath Sridhar, Virginia Vassilevska... Scheffer , and S. Wrobel. Efficient co-regularized least squares regression. ICML06, 23rd International Conference on Machine Learning, 2006. 1.2.2, 2.2.3

  12. Expression profile of genes coding for carotenoid biosynthetic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Expression profile of genes coding for carotenoid biosynthetic pathway during ripening and their association with accumulation of lycopene in tomato fruits. Shuchi Smita, Ravi Rajwanshi, Sangram Keshari Lenka, Amit Katiyar, Viswanathan Chinnusamy and. Kailash Chander Bansal. J. Genet. 92, 363–368. Table 1.

  13. The magic of fairy circles: Built or created?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahagian, Dork

    2017-05-01

    Fairy circles are rings of relatively dense grass in arid regions with sparse vegetation. The most famous examples are found in the Namib Desert. There has been an ongoing debate regarding the origin of these features, and a recent paper by Ravi et al. (2017, doi:10.1002/2016JG003604) sheds some light on this situation.

  14. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 83-90 Inorganic and Analytical. Equilibria and kinetics for pH-dependent axial ligation of bromomethyl(aquo)cobaloxime by aliphatic amine ligands · M Bhoopal N Ravi Kumar Reddy S Satyanarayana · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Kinetics and equilibria of axial ligation of bromomethyl(aquo) cobaloxime by a ...

  15. Injured pedestrians in Cape Town - the role of alcohol

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alcohol. Margaret M. Peden, John D. Knotlenbelt,. Johan van der Spuy, Ravi Oodit, Hendrik J. Scholtz,. J. Morris Stokol. Objective. To establish a profile of injured adult pedestrians and attempt to define the role which alcohol plays in this regard. Design. Prospective survey of injured pedestrians who presented consecutively ...

  16. Experimental and finite element analysis of fracture criterion in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D M Kulkarni1 Ravi Prakash2 A N Kumar3. Mechanical Engineering Group, Educational Hardware Division, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani 333 031, India; Research and Consultancy Division, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani 333 031, India; Applied Mechanics, Indian Institute of Technology ...

  17. Site Index | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on the teaching of the theory of evolution more... ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: How Things Break – The Mechanics of Dynamic Fracture. Posted on 16th February 2018. SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science.

  18. BOMS-D-16-00790.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  19. Dislocation unpinning model of acoustic emission from alkali halide ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Dislocation unpinning model of acoustic emission from alkali halide crystals. B P CHANDRA1, ANUBHA S GOUR1, VIVEK K CHANDRA2 and YUVRAJ PATIL3. 1School of Studies in Physics, Pt. Ravi Shankar Shukia University, Raipur 492 010, India. 2Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Raipur Institute of ...

  20. Temperature dependence of pulse-induced mechanoluminescence ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Keywords. Mechanoluminescence; dislocations; pulse-induced excitation; alkali halides; radiative recombination. ... B P Chandra2. Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Physics and Electronics, Rani Durgawati University, Jabalpur 482 001, India; Pt. Ravi Shanker Shukla University, Raipur 492 010, India ...

  1. JESS-D-16-00197 R2.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  2. JESS-D-16-00343 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science Academies of India on the teaching of the theory of evolution more... ACADEMY PUBLIC LECTURE: How Things Break – The Mechanics of Dynamic Fracture. Posted on 16th February 2018. by Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar.

  3. Heteroepitaxial Diamond Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    signifi- minimize surface organic contaminants. The effects of sam- cantly damaging the epitaxial layers. The use of below pie charging XPS data...827. Thomas, R.J. Markunas, T.P. Humphreys, and R.J. Nemanich, 11. L.S. Plano , S. Yokota, and K.V. Ravi, Proc. 1st Int. Symp. in Wide Band-Gap

  4. How Genes Evolve Molecular Techniques Give Us a Closer Look at ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 3; Issue 2. How Genes Evolve Molecular Techniques Give Us a Closer Look at Evolution at the DNA Level. Ravi Parkash. General Article Volume 3 Issue 2 February 1998 pp 28-34 ...

  5. chainpolymerization.pdf | chemistry | resources | sci ed | initiat ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  6. iHR: An Online Recruiting System For Xiamen Talent Service Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-04

    Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are...Human Interaction, 12(3):401–434, 2005. [30] Hanghang Tong, Jingrui He, Zhen Wen, Ravi Konuru, and Ching-Yung Lin. Diversified ranking on large graphs

  7. JESS-D-16-00247 R4.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  8. JESS-D-16-00432 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  9. BOMS-D-16-00569.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  10. MolWeight.pdf | chemistry | resources | sci ed | initiat | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  11. Evaluation of genetic diversity in rice using SSR markers

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hemant

    2012-10-18

    Oct 18, 2012 ... como doadora de alelos para aumento da producao e da tolerancia a seca do arroz (Oryza sativa) via analise de ABQTLs. Thesis,. Universidade Federal de Goias. Ravi M, Geethanjali S, Sameeyafarheen F, Maheswaran M (2003). Molecular marker based genetic diversity analysis in rice (Oryza sativa L.) ...

  12. odonates-dragonflies.pdf | lifescape | sci ed | initiat | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  13. 1. Introduction A three-pole DC motor is commonly used in many sim ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Harish Ravi1 Rajesh B Khaparde2. Department of Electrical Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai 600036, India. Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, TIFR VN Purav Marg, Mankhurd, Mumbai 400088, India. Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Current Issue : Vol. 23, Issue 1. Current Issue Volume 23 | Issue 1

  14. Low voltage varistor ceramics based on SnO2

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. S R Dhage1 V Ravi2 O B Yang1. School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, South Korea; Physical and Materials Chemistry Division, National Chemical Laboratory, Pune 411 008, India ...

  15. Molecules for Converting Sunlight into Electricity-Dye Sensitized ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 6; Issue 10. Molecules for Converting Sunlight into Electricity - Dye Sensitized Nanocrystalline-TiO2 based Photovoltaics. Ravi Mosurkal. General Article Volume 6 Issue 10 October 2001 pp 76-86 ...

  16. JESS-D-17-00011 R3.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  17. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. R M Pillai. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 29 Issue 7 December 2006 pp 679-684 Alloys. Equal channel angular pressing of pure aluminium—an analysis · M Saravanan R M Pillai B C Pai M Brahmakumar K R Ravi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  18. Plaadid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Keith Jarret/Gary Peacock/Jack DeJohnette "Up for it", Wladislaw Szpilman "The original recordings of the pianist", Emanuel Ax "Haydn Piano Sonatas", Ravi Coltrane "Mad 6", Guano Apes "Walking On A Thin Line", Will Young "From Now On", Janis Joplin "The Essential"

  19. Acknow ledgemen ts

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Acknow ledgemen ts. Resonance gratefully acknowledges the help received from the following indi- viduals: B Bagchi, L Geetha, Milind Kolatkar, Gurumurthi V Ramanan, Jayant Rao,. A Suman a Rao, V Ravi, Joseph Samuel. India. Errata. Resonance, Vol. 1, No.2 0996). Page 9, 10: "Macauley" should read "Macaulay·.

  20. Coenzyme B12 model studies: Equilibrium constants for the pH ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 114; Issue 1. Coenzyme B12 model studies: Equilibrium constants for the H-dependent axial ligation of benzyl(aquo)cobaloxime by various N- and S-donor ligands. D Sudarshan Reddy N Ravi Kumar Reddy V Sridhar S Satyanarayana. Inorganic and Analytical ...

  1. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. K Rajendran. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 121 Issue 3 June 2012 pp 595-610. How good are the simulations of tropical SST–rainfall relationship by IPCC AR4 atmospheric and coupled models? K Rajendran Ravi S Nanjundiah Sulochana ...

  2. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    How good are the simulations of tropical SST–rainfall relationship by IPCC AR4 atmospheric and coupled models? K Rajendran Ravi S Nanjundiah Sulochana Gadgil J Srinivasan · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The failure of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) forced by prescribed SST to simulate and ...

  3. BOMS-D-16-00821.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  4. BOMS-D-16-00461.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  5. Journal of Genetics, Volume 86, 2007

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and peripheral regions of three protected areas in central West- ern Ghats, India: do protected areas serve as refugia for genetic resources of economically important plants? 9. Ravi Ram, K. Male accessory gland secretory protein polymorphism in natural populations of Drosophila nasuta nasuta and Drosophila sulfu-.

  6. JESS-D-16-00288.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  7. Pool aastat Villa Benitaga : Riigikohtu halduskolleegiumi 29. novembri 2012 otsuse nr 3-3-1-29-12 mõju analüüs / Marelle Leppik, Maarja Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Marelle

    2013-01-01

    Riigikohtu lahendist 3-3-1-29-12, milles oli vaidluse all Eesti Haigekassa otsus, mis puudutas ravi rahastamise lepingute sõlmimiseks eriarstiabi ja hooldusravi teenuste, nende mahu ja osutamise kohtade kinnitamist. Kaks riigikohtunikku jäid kohtuasjas eriarvamusele

  8. career | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  9. Houssay, Prof. Bernardo Alberto

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  10. Bowen, Prof. Norman Levi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  11. Ruzicka, Prof. Leopold Stephen

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  12. Seward, Prof. Albert Charles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  13. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 41 Issue 1 March 2016 pp 119-131 Article. Transcriptome analysis of stem wood of Nothapodytes nimmoniana (Graham) Mabb. identifies genes associated with biosynthesis of camptothecin, an anti-carcinogenic molecule · BL Manjunatha HR Singh G Ravikanth Karaba N Nataraja Ravi Shankar Sanjay Kumar R ...

  14. Carbazole-based sensitizers for potential application to dye ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    solar cells. NARESH DUVVAa, RAVI KUMAR KANAPARTHIa, JAIPAL KANDHADIa,. GABRIELE MAROTTAb, PAOLO SALVATORIb,c, FILIPPO DE ANGELISb,∗ and ... revealed the potential of these two systems in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC). ... Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have shown a.

  15. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Carbazole-based sensitizers for potential application to dye sensitized solar cells · Naresh Duvva Ravi Kumar Kanaparthi Jaipal Kandhadi Gabriele Marotta Paolo Salvatori Filippo De Angelis Lingamallu Giribabu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Two push-pull molecules employing carbazole and alkyl thiophene ...

  16. Hard X-ray Spectrum of Mkn 421 during the Active Phase

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging Solutions)

    J. Astrophys. Astr. (2001) 22, 145–154. Hard X-ray Spectrum of Mkn 421 during the Active Phase. R. K. Manchanda Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005, India e-mail: ravi@tifr.res.in. Received 2001 July 27; accepted 2001 September 27. Abstract. Spectral measurement of Mkn 421 were made ...

  17. 873.pdf | apr102007 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  18. The Depth Limits of Eddy Current Testing for Defects: A Computational Investigation and Smooth-Shaped Defect Synthesis from Finite Element Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-22

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON Ravi Thyagarajan a. REPORT...Tian G.Y., Andrews A., and Jackson P., “Corrosion Detection using Low-Frequency RFID Technology,” INSIGHT, Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 72-75, Feb. 2012. 2

  19. Petrology of the prehistoric lavas and dyke of the Barren Island ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    canoes of Sumatra and Java in the south (figure 1). The island itself is a result of eruptions during the late Pleistocene time (Ravi Shanker et al 2001). ..... Govindaraju K 1994 Compilation of working values and sample description for 383 geostandards; Geostandards. Newsletter 18 1–158. Haldar D 1989 Petrology and ...

  20. Antimicrobial activity of photo-activated cow urine against certain ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONOS

    2010-01-25

    Jan 25, 2010 ... ISSN 1684–5315 © 2010 Academic Journals. Full Length Research Paper. Antimicrobial activity of photo-activated cow urine against certain pathogenic bacterial strains. Ravi Kant Upadhyay, Pratibha Dwivedi and Shoeb Ahmad. Department of Zoology, DDU Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, U.P. India- ...

  1. Bulletin of Materials Science

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A M Abdel Ghaffar and H E Ali. 1809. Linear and non-linear optical properties of amorphous Se and M5Se95 (M = Ge, Ga and Zn) films. Gh. Abbady, K A Aly, Y Saddeek and N Afifiy. 1819. Microstructure and wear behaviour of FeAl-based composites containing in-situ carbides. Ravi Kant, Ujjwal Prakash, Vijaya Agarwala.

  2. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. S P Gaikwad. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 3 June 2004 pp 221-222 Synthesis. Synthesis of nanocrystalline SnO2 powder at 100°C · Sanjay R Dhage S P Gaikwad Violet Samuel V Ravi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A simple gel to ...

  3. Why Are Drugs So Hard to Quit?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... policy: http://www.drugabuse.gov/comment-policy Category Education License Standard YouTube License Source videos View attributions ... views 3:12 No to Drugs - De-addiction programs - Duration: 3:05. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar 15, ...

  4. Tetramethylguanidine (TMG)-catalysed Synthesis of a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    Tetramethylguanidine (TMG)-catalysed Synthesis of a-Aminophosphonates by a One-pot Reaction. Arigala Uma Ravi Sankar, B. Siva Kumar, C. Naga Raju* and C. Suresh Reddy. Department of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, India. Received 19 April 2007; revised 6 September 2007; accepted 2 ...

  5. JESS-D-16-00592 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  6. Academy Public Lecture 4Dec.pdf;14.11.17 | News | Resources ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  7. BOMS-D-16-00748.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  8. JESS-D-16-00199 R1.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  9. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Pabitra Mitra. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 126 Issue 4 June 2017 pp 54. Deep learning for predicting the monsoon over the homogeneous regions of India · Moumita Saha Pabitra Mitra Ravi S Nanjundiah · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  10. Study of structural and electronic transport properties of Ce-doped ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 58; Issue 5-6. Study of structural and electronic transport properties of Ce-doped LaMnO3. Shahid Husain R J Choudhary Ravi Kumar S I Patil J P Srivastava. Colossal Magnetoresistance & Other Materials Volume 58 Issue 5-6 May-June 2002 pp 1045-1049 ...

  11. 1524.pdf | nov102005 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  12. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. A N Kumar. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 27 Issue 6 December 2002 pp 631-642. Experimental and finite element analysis of fracture criterion in general yielding fracture mechanics · D M Kulkarni Ravi Prakash A N Kumar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Efforts made over the last three ...

  13. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Dau Dayal Aggarwal. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 93 Issue 1 April 2014 pp 103-112 Research Article. Effects of body-size variation on flight-related traits in latitudinal populations of Drosophila melanogaster · Veer Bhan Ravi Parkash Dau Dayal Aggarwal.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Physics and Electronics, Rani Durgawati University,. Jabalpur 482 001, India. †Pt. Ravi ... A large number of organic and inorganic crystals and amorphous solids exhibit the ... The present paper reports the effect of temperature on the. ML produced by pulse-induced ...

  15. Midwest Structural Sciences Center 2009 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    Identifying Structurally Significant Items using Matrix Reanalysis Techniques (Ravi Penmetsa, Bhushan Kable , Vankat Shanmugam, Eric Tuegel) D...longeron region hig- hlighted in red). C5 Identifying Structurally Significant Items using Matrix Reanalysis Techniques (Penmetsa, Kable ...final RPN values for the Boeing 707 lower wing panel. Details can be found in [Penmetsa, R.C., Kable , B., and Tuegel, E., 2009. “Identifying

  16. Aids Eestis nagu Botswanas / Mikk Jürisson ; interv. Svea Talving

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisson, Mikk, 1963-

    2004-01-01

    Kui Eesti ei taha jõuda olukorda, mis tekkis Botswanas, kus aidsiepideemia ravi ja tõkestamine haaras lõviosa riigi tuludest ning keskmine eluiga lühenes drastiliselt, tuleks haiguse levik võtta range tähelepanu alla ja uurida, mida tasuks õppida Botswana kogemusest

  17. Uusi võimalusi pakkuv kasulik bakter / Villu Päärt, Siim Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Äsja võitis Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 avastaja Tartu Ülikooli professor Marika Mikelsaar koos kolleegidega Soulis ülemaailmsel naisleiutajate konkursil kuldmedali. Bakterite omaduste uurimine jätkub. Marika Mikelsaare juhtimisel katsetati kõhutüüfusesse nakatatud hiirte peal, millist mõju avaldab see, kui antibiootikumi ravi ajal anda hiirtele ka ME-3 sisaldavat probiootikumi

  18. Ultrasonic-assisted fabrication of superhydrophobic ZnO nanowall ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. S SUTHA1 R T RAJENDRA KUMAR2 BALDEV RAJ3 K R RAVI1. PSG Institute of Advanced Studies, Coimbatore 641 004, India; Department of Nanoscience and Technology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641 046, India; National Institute of Advance Studies, Bangalore 560 012, India ...

  19. Crustal thickness mapping in Raipur–Katni area of Narmada–Son ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    is seismically active and geologically complex with different geological formations. Magnetic data divides the area into two ... era (Ravi Shanker 1988). NSL is a sub-crustal fea- .... Figure 1. Map of the surface geology with various formations along with Narmada, Son and Ken Rivers (after Geological. Survey of India 1993).

  20. Kinetics and equilibria for the axial ligation of bromomethyl (aqua ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences; Volume 121; Issue 6. Kinetics and equilibria for the axial ligation of bromomethyl (aqua)cobaloxime with pyridines - Isolation characterization and DNA binding. Kotha Laxma Reddy K Ashwini Kumar N Ravi Kumar Reddy Penumaka Nagababu A Panasa Reddy S ...

  1. 98119 | php | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SPEAKER: Prof. Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar. VENUE: Faculty Hall, Indian Institute of Science. 23 February 2018 ǀ 1500. Event poster · Introducing: Summer Schools. Posted on 21 December 2017. ASTROPHYSICS: An Observational View of the Universe. Math Art and Design: MAD about Math, Math Education and ...

  2. Fixed point theory for composite maps on almost dominating ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ravi P Agarwal1 Jong Kyu Kim2 Donal O' Regan3. Department of Mathematical Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901-6975, USA; Department of Mathematics, Kyungnam University, Masan, Kyungnam 631-701, Korea; Department of Mathematics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland ...

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... Benchmarking and scaling studies of pseudospectral code Tarang for turbulence simulations · Mahendra K Verma Anando Chatterjee K Sandeep Reddy Rakesh K Yadav Supriyo Paul Mani Chandra Ravi Samtaney · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Tarang is a general-purpose pseudospectral parallel ...

  4. Y-chromosome Molecular insights into the causes of male infertility ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    Retinitis pigmentosa: mutations in a receptor tyrosine kinase gene, MERTK. 3. Tuberous sclerosis complex: A Drosophila connection 285. Kumar Rajeev. Evidence for clustered mannose as a new ligand for hyalu- ronan-binding protein (HABP1) from human fibroblasts 325. Kumar L Ravi see Dasgupta S. 341. Kumar Sushil.

  5. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ravi Martanda M.B.B.S. (Madras), D.Sc. (h.c.), FRCS Council Service: 1971-76; Vice-President: 1974-76. Date of birth: 7 September 1922. Date of death: 10 March 2015. Specialization: Neurosurgery Last known address: A-803, Vaishnavi Splendour, 6th Cross, 80 Feet Road, RMV Extension, Sanjay Nagar, Bengaluru 560 ...

  6. OSA Proceedings on Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics. Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Diamond ................ 170 Don Kania, Otto L. Landen, Lawrence Pan, Piero Pianetta, and K V. Ravi- ,. Part 6 Optical Switches, Detectors, and...pro- of the fitted parameters are listed in vided by Prof. Sergio Cova from the Poly- Table lB. Figure 3A shows the instrumental technical University of...Livennore, California 94550 Lawrence Pan and Piero Pianetta Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford University, Bin 99, P.O. Box 4349

  7. Russki "Tjulpan" pokoril lazurnõi bereg / Maria Davtjan, Tatjana Pinskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davtjan, Maria

    2008-01-01

    61. Cannes'i filmifestival on lõppenud. Vaatenurga preemia sai Kasahstani režissöör Sergei Dvortsevoi filmi "Tulp" ("Tjulpan") eest. Lisatud ka lühiintervjuu režissööriga. Ka mõnest filmist, nii auhinnatuist (Steven Soderbergh'i "Che", Clint Eastwoodi "Changeling") kui ilmajäänuist (Atom Egoyani "Adoration", Wim Wendersi "Palermo Shooting"), Sharon Stone'i juhitud heategevast AIDSi ravi toetavast oksjonist

  8. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 595-610. How good are the simulations of tropical SST–rainfall relationship by IPCC AR4 atmospheric and coupled models? K Rajendran Ravi S Nanjundiah Sulochana .... pp 711-722. Effect of cloud occurrences on tropospheric ozone over Alipore (22.52°N, 88.33°E), India · P K Jana D Sarkar D K Saha S K Midya.

  9. Book review: 'Four Decades of Marine Geosciences in India - A Retrospect, National Seminar organised in connection with 150 th year celebration of Geological Survey of India. Mangalore 14-16, March 2001'

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rao, V.P.

    and early 50's (see Mahadevan and Das, 1948) and continued as a Special Assistance Program of the University until IIOE (International Indian Ocean Expedition-1960-65) launched by UNESCO. Several research papers were published before IIOE. The National... of the seminar 'Four Decades of Marine Geosciences in India - A Retrospect', held at GSI, Mangalore in March 2001. The volume, starts with four invited papers. Dr. Ravi Shanker, the then Director General, GSI covered the energy and mineral resources of the sea...

  10. Le Comité Judiciaire du Conseil Privé dans les Anciennes Colonies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nafiisah

    Income Tax 1983. No. 45. 5. Ah Tong S. &. 62 Ors v. The. Mauritius Sugar. Terminal. Corporation 1987. No.41. 6.Seetohul J. (Pandit) v. Mauritius Arya. Ravi Ved P. Sabha. 1987 No.1. 7.LSP Limited v. Surjoo O. ...... (section 81(1)(b) de la Constitution) - Sang Fat Co. Ltd v. Aodhora R. 2001 SCJ 36. Moins de 10,000 roupies, ...

  11. Programme conjoint canado-israélien de recherche en santé | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Tout d'abord, les progrès accomplis par les chercheurs israéliens et canadiens dans différents domaines biomédicaux, y compris la recherche sur le cerveau, la biologie du cancer et l'immunologie, sont vraiment exceptionnels et, dans de nombreux cas, très complémentaires. Nous sommes véritablement ravis à l'idée de ...

  12. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 89 of 89 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. R. Ravi, R. Raziq, F. Read2, Roger W. Redi-Abshiro, M. Refat, M.S. · Rehana, I. Rehman, H. Rehman, Sadia · Rehman, Sadia · Rehman, Saeed-ur-Rehman · Rehman, Wajid · Reimann, C T · Reiss, Aurora · Retailleau, P. Retta, N

  13. Midwest Structural Sciences Center 2010 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Significant Items using Matrix Reanalysis Techniques (Ravi Penmetsa, Bhushan Kable , Vankat Shanmugam, Eric Tuegel) D — Experimental Discovery and Limit...metsa, Bhushan Kable , Vankat Shanmugam, Eric Tuegel) In the recent years Cohesive Zone Models (CZM) have gained increasing popularity for modeling the...for public release; distribution unlimited. Penmetsa R. C., Kable , B., and Tuegel, E. 2009, “Identifying Structurally Significant Items Using

  14. Liina Vahter aitab sclerosis multiplex'i põdejaid / Sergo Selder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Selder, Sergo

    2010-01-01

    Lääne-Tallinna keskhaigla närvihaiguste keskus on Eesti kõige suurem sclerosis multiplex'i kompleksse ravi keskus. Keskuse neuropsühholoogist Liina Vahterist, kes kaitses Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi, mille materjaliks kujunes SM keskuse töö ja patsiendid. Ta peab ka kliinilise psühholoogia loenguid Tallinna Ülikooli psühholoogia instituudis

  15. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 116 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. I. Ijaduola, Taiwo A · Imogu, AO · Iseh, K R. K. Kaya, Z · Komolafe, E O · Komolafe, EO · Komolafe, JO · Komolafe, M A · Komolafe, MA · Kosem, M · Kutluhan, A. L. Lasisi, O A · Lobo, S. M. Malami, S A · Meher, Ravi · Mgbor, M C · Mgbor, N · Mgbor ...

  16. Dgroup: DG01686 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DG01686 DGroup Inactivated vaccine ... DG00674 ... Influenza, inactivated, whole virus ... D04536 ... Influenza virus vaccine (USP) ... D05182 ... Influenza HA vaccine (JP17) ... D03530 ... Cholera vaccine (JP17...) D04432 ... Hepatitis B virus vaccine inactivated (USP XXX) ... D05248 ... Freeze-dried inactivated tissue culture ravies vaccine...5313 ... Japanese encephalitis vaccine (JP17); Freeze-dried japanese encephalitis vaccine (JP17) ... D05324 ... Adsorbed hepatitis B vaccine... (huGK-14 cell origin) (JAN) D05330 ... Weil's disease and akiyami combined vaccine (J

  17. A Local-Search Algorithm for Steiner Forest

    OpenAIRE

    Groß, Martin; Gupta, Anupam; Kumar, Amit; Matuschke, Jannik; Schmidt, Daniel R.; Schmidt, Melanie; Verschae, José

    2018-01-01

    In the Steiner Forest problem, we are given a graph and a collection of source-sink pairs, and the goal is to find a subgraph of minimum total length such that all pairs are connected. The problem is APX-Hard and can be 2-approximated by, e.g., the elegant primal-dual algorithm of Agrawal, Klein, and Ravi from 1995. We give a local-search-based constant-factor approximation for the problem. Local search brings in new techniques to an area that has for long not seen any improvements and mi...

  18. Meat Entree Operation Guides Developed for Use in Fort Lee Interim Central Food Preparation Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-11-01

    Thym e Bay Leaves C ol-Flo 67, starch 300 Servin9s (lbs) 90.00 (3 - 30 lb bags) .\\ 1.50 1 .0 5 (l...and sugar for beef stew (D redging M ixture) * lbs Shortening for beef ste~ (D redging M ixture) * lbs - - S alt, thym e, bay leaves and...Soup. & G ravy B ase, B eef Thym e, ground B ay leaves, ground W ater, tap C ol-Flo 67, starch F lour, ’W heat W ater - 4 W

  19. A certain ambiguity a mathematical novel

    CERN Document Server

    Suri, Gaurav

    2010-01-01

    While taking a class on infinity at Stanford in the late 1980s, Ravi Kapoor discovers that he is confronting the same mathematical and philosophical dilemmas that his mathematician grandfather had faced many decades earlier--and that had landed him in jail. Charged under an obscure blasphemy law in a small New Jersey town in 1919, Vijay Sahni is challenged by a skeptical judge to defend his belief that the certainty of mathematics can be extended to all human knowledge--including religion. Together, the two men discover the power--and the fallibility--of what has long been considered the pinn

  20. Disruption of microbial biofilms by an extracellular protein isolated from epibiotic tropical marine strain of Bacillus licheniformis

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Dusane, D.H.; Damare, S.R.; Nancharaiah, Y.V.; Ramaiah, N.; Venugopalan, V.P.; Kumar, A.R.; Zinjarde, S.S.

    Biofilms by an Extracellular Protein Isolated from Epibiotic Tropical Marine Strain of Bacillus licheniformis Devendra H. Dusane1¤, Samir R. Damare2, Yarlagadda V. Nancharaiah3, N. Ramaiah2, Vayalam P. Venugopalan3, Ameeta Ravi Kumar1, Smita S. Zinjarde1* 1..., Damare SR, Nancharaiah YV, Ramaiah N, Venugopalan VP, et al. (2013) Disruption of Microbial Biofilms by an Extracellular Protein Isolated from Epibiotic Tropical Marine Strain of Bacillus licheniformis. PLoS ONE 8(5): e64501. doi:10.1371/journal...

  1. Elulähedus enne ja nüüd / Marin Roose

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roose, Marin

    1991-01-01

    Kirjandusmuuseumi kevadsessioon 24. ja 25. mail Nüplis. Ülevaade ettekannetest: Piret Noorhani "Tagasi maailma lõpust", Mihkel Volt "Romantiline kunstnikumüüt ja orbiitlus", Marin Laak "Eesti kirjanikud eluläheduse kaevikuis", Pekka Erelt "Sõda A. Kivikase loomingus", Toomas Muru "Marginaale arbujate elulähedasest vaimulähedusest", Arne Merilai "Lähemale elulähedusele", Peeter Olesk "Vaimulähedus 1960. aastatel. Aga elu?", Piret Viires "Haiguste ravi, kontrollitud, Eesti noor proosa ja elulähedus"

  2. Wide Band-Gap Semiconductors. 1991 Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    Landstrass and K.V. Ravi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 975 (1989). 7 S. Albin and L. Watkins, Appl.Phys. Lett 56, 1454 (1990). 8 T.B.Kustka, R.O. Dillon and T...periodicity are observable on side of the fundamental sports . The satellite sports of four orders along (001] axis were observed, showing that rather...superlattice period determined from the spacing between satellite and fundamental sports is about 29.6A. (a) (b) Fig.l. IMEElI) patterns of (a) ZnSe-ZnS SLS (b

  3. Evaluation of Screw Placement Accuracy in Circumferential Lumbar Arthrodesis Using Robotic Assistance and Intraoperative Flat-Panel Computed Tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenin, Louis; Capel, Cyrille; Fichten, Anthony; Peltier, Johann; Lefranc, Michel

    2017-09-01

    Neuronavigation has become a common means of placing pedicle screws in vertebral arthrodesis, because it reduces the incidence of complications related to poor screw positioning. The To evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement during lumbar arthrodesis performed with the new ROSA Spine robot and intraoperative flat-panel computed tomography (fpCT) guidance. We performed a descriptive, observational, retrospective, single-center study of patients having undergone transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for degenerative pathologies with the ROSA Spine robot and intraoperative fpCT guidance. The primary endpoint was the presence or absence of pedicle wall breach, as assessed from the fpCT scan. Screw placement was graded according to Ravi's classification. Twenty-five patients were operated on between November 2014 and July 2016; 21 underwent minimally invasive TLIF, and 4 underwent open TLIF. The mean ± standard deviation operating time was 241 ± 49.8 minutes. Of the 110 screws placed, 101 (91.8%) were completely within the pedicle (Ravi grade A), 5 (4.5%) had a pedicle wall breach 4 mm (grade D) (1.8%). One screw (a grade D) was replaced during surgery. None of the breaches were symptomatic. When coupled with fpCT, the ROSA Spine robot is a reliable, accurate means of performing lumbar pedicle screwing. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Voyage et initiation poétique : l’aventure de Keats en 1818

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence GAILLET–DE CHEZELLES

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Durant l’été 1818, John Keats partit sillonner le Nord de l’Angleterre et l’ouest de l’Écosse en compagnie de son ami Charles Brown. Ravi à l’idée de vivre des sensations nouvelles, le jeune poète percevait ce voyage comme une étape importante dans sa vie, qu’il entendait désormais consacrer à l’écriture et à la formation de son esprit, comme le révèle cette évocation enthousiaste :I purpose within a Month to put my knapsack at my back and make a pedestrian tour through the North of England, ...

  5. Visual impairment among weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmamula, Srinivas; Narsaiah, Saggam; Shekhar, Konegari; Khanna, Rohit C

    2013-01-01

    To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India state of Andhra Pradesh. Using Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) methodology, a population based cross-sectional study was conducted. A two-stage sampling strategy was used to select 3000 participants aged ≥40 years. Visual Acuity (VA) was assessed using a tumbling E chart and ocular examinations were performed by trained Para medical ophthalmic personnel. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information. Blindness and moderate Visual Impairment (VI) was defined as presenting VA weaving communities in Andhra Pradesh, India most of which is avoidable. With this information as baseline, services need to be streamlined to address this burden.

  6. Influence of varying levels of dietary cation anion difference on ruminal characteristics, nitrogen metabolism and in situ digestion kinetics in buffalo bulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, Muhammad; Shahzad, Muhammad A; Mahr-un-Nisa; Sarwar, Muhammad

    2010-12-01

    This study was conducted to examine the influence of varying dietary cation anion difference (DCAD) on nutrient intake, digestibility, ruminal characteristics, blood acid base status and in situ digestion kinetics in Nili Ravi buffalo bulls. Four iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric diets having -110, +110, +220 and +330 mEq/kg dry matter (DM) DCAD were formulated which were represented by A (anionic), LC (low cationic), MC (medium cationic) and HC (high cationic), respectively. These diets were used in four ruminally cannulated Nili Ravi buffalo bulls in a 4 × 4 Latin Square Design. Improved nutrient intake was recorded at high DCAD levels while digestibility remained unaffected. Ruminal ammonia nitrogen, rumen pH, acetate and acetate : propionate ratio were higher in buffalo bulls fed MC and HC diets than those fed A and LC diets. Blood pH and HCO₃⁻ also tended to increase as DCAD level was increased in the diet. Serum Ca and Cl concentrations were higher in bulls fed A and LC diets whereas serum Mg, P and S remained unaffected. Urine pH increased with increasing DCAD level. Nitrogen intake and blood urea nitrogen concentrations were also higher in bulls fed MC and HC diets. There was a consistent increase in ruminal DM and neutral detergent fiber degradability, rate of disappearance and extent of digestion at high DCAD levels in the diet. However, lag time decreased at high DCAD level. This study indicated that buffalo bulls fed MC and HC diets improved feed intake, ruminal characteristics and digestion kinetics. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Japanese Society of Animal Science.

  7. Investigating the value of right heart echocardiographic metrics for detection of pulmonary hypertension in patients with advanced lung disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amsallem, Myriam; Boulate, David; Kooreman, Zoe; Zamanian, Roham T; Fadel, Guillaume; Schnittger, Ingela; Fadel, Elie; McConnell, Michael V; Dhillon, Gundeep; Mercier, Olaf; Haddad, François

    2017-06-01

    This study determined whether novel right heart echocardiography metrics help to detect pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with advanced lung disease (ALD). We reviewed echocardiography and catheterization data of 192 patients from the Stanford ALD registry and echocardiograms of 50 healthy controls. Accuracy of echocardiographic right heart metrics to detect PH was assessed using logistic regression and area under the ROC curves (AUC) analysis. Patients were divided into a derivation (n = 92) and validation cohort (n = 100). Experimental validation was assessed in a piglet model of mild PH followed longitudinally. Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) was not interpretable in 52% of patients. In the derivation cohort, right atrial maximal volume index (RAVI), ventricular end-systolic area index (RVESAI), free-wall longitudinal strain and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) differentiated patients with and without PH; 20% of patients without PH had moderate to severe RV enlargement by RVESAI. On multivariate analysis, RAVI and TAPSE were independently associated with PH (AUC = 0.77, p right heart metrics abnormalities did not improve detection of PH in patients with interpretable TR (p > 0.05) and provided moderate detection value in patients without TR. Only two patients with more severe PH (mean pulmonary pressure 35 and 36 mmHg) were missed. The animal model confirmed that right heart enlargement discriminated best pigs with PH from shams. This study highlights the frequency of right heart enlargement and dysfunction in ALD irrespectively from presence of PH, therefore limiting their use for detection of PH.

  8. Determination of the optimal atrioventricular interval in sick sinus syndrome during DDD pacing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Masaya; Dote, Keigo; Sasaki, Shota; Goto, Kenji; Takemoto, Hiroaki; Habara, Seiji; Hasegawa, Daiji; Matsuda, Osamu

    2005-09-01

    Although the AAI pacing mode has been shown to be electromechanically superior to the DDD pacing mode in sick sinus syndrome (SSS), there is evidence suggesting that during AAI pacing the presence of natural ventricular activation pattern is not enough for hemodynamic benefit to occur. Myocardial performance index (MPI) is a simply measurable Doppler-derived index of combined systolic and diastolic myocardial performance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether AAI pacing mode is electromechanically superior to the DDD mode in patients with SSS by using Doppler-derived MPI. Thirty-nine SSS patients with dual-chamber pacing devices were evaluated by using Doppler echocardiography in AAI mode and DDD mode. The optimal atrioventricular (AV) interval in DDD mode was determined and atrial stimulus-R interval was measured in AAI mode. The ratio of the atrial stimulus-R interval to the optimal AV interval was defined as relative AV interval (rAVI) and the ratio of MPI in AAI mode to that in DDD mode was defined as relative MPI (rMPI). The rMPI was significantly correlated with atrial stimulus-R interval and rAVI (r = 0.57, P = 0.0002, and r = 0.67, P 1 based on the receiver operator curves. Even though the intrinsic AV conduction is moderately prolonged, some SSS patients with dual-chamber pacing devices benefit from the ventricular pacing with optimal AV interval. MPI is useful to determine the optimal pacing mode in acute experiment.

  9. Nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a multicenter, randomized, open-label Phase II study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu KG

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available K Govind Babu,1 Kumar Prabhash,2 Ashok K Vaid,3 Bhawna Sirohi,3 Ravi B Diwakar,4 Raghunadha Rao,5 Madhuchanda Kar,6 Hemant Malhotra,7 Shona Nag,8 Chanchal Goswami,9 Vinod Raina,10 Ravi Mohan111Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, 2Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, 3Artemis Health Institute, Delhi, 4Bangalore Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, 5Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, 6B R Singh Hospital, Kolkata, 7Birla Cancer Centre, Jaipur, 8Jehangir Hospital, Pune, 9B P Poddar Hospital and Medical Research Ltd, Kolkata, 10Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital, New Delhi, 11King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam, IndiaBackground: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in combination with chemotherapy (docetaxel and carboplatin versus chemotherapy alone in patients with stage IIIB/IV non-small-cell lung cancer.Methods: This multicenter, open-label, Phase II study randomized 110 patients to receive nimotuzumab plus chemotherapy (nimotuzumab group or chemotherapy alone (control group, and comprised concomitant, maintenance, and follow-up phases. Nimotuzumab 200 mg was administered once weekly for 13 weeks during the first two phases with four cycles of chemotherapy and docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and carboplatin (area under the curve 5 mg/mL*min every 3 weeks for a maximum of four cycles during the concomitant phase. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (sum of complete response and partial response. Secondary endpoints, ie, overall survival and progression-free survival, were estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Efficacy was evaluated on the intent-to-treat and efficacy-evaluable sets. Safety was assessed from adverse event and serious adverse event data.Results: The objective response rate was significantly higher in the nimotuzumab group than in the control group in the intent-to-treat population (54% versus 34.5%; P=0.04. A complete response and partial response were achieved in 3

  10. EFFECT OF ANTIBIOTICS IN EXTENDER ON FERTILITY OF LIQUID BUFFALO BULL SEMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. AKHTER, M. SAJJAD, S. M. H. ANDRABI1, N. ULLAH1 AND M. QAYYUM

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to determine if a new antibiotic combination comprising of gentamycin, tylosin and linco-spectin (GTLS in extender is suitable for improvement in fertility of liquid buffalo bull semen through artificial insemination (AI. Two consecutive ejaculates per week (4 weeks were collected from three Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls of known fertility by using artificial vagina. The pooled ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted with skimmed milk extender (37oC; 10x106 motile spermatozoa/ml containing either SP (streptomycin 1000 μg/ml and penicillin 1000 iu/ml or GTLS (gentamycin 500 μg/ml, tylosin 100 μg/ml, lincomycin 300 μg/ml, and spectinomycin 600 μg/ml. Liquid semen was stored at 5°C for seven days. Fertility, based on 90-days first service pregnancy rate, was determined under field conditions. The fertility rates for SP-based vs. GTLS-containing liquid semen of buffalo bull were 58.55 and 60.00%, respectively, the difference was non significant. The fertility rates also did not differ (P>0.05 due to antibiotics at different days of storage of liquid semen at 5oC. In conclusion, GTLS, in skimmed milk extender compared to SP, did not significantly improve the fertility of chilled buffalo bull semen.

  11. Effect of Dietary Cation Anion Difference on Buffalo Performance during Summer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahr un Nisa

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Influence of -110, +110, +220 and +330 mEq/kg dry matter (DM of dietary cation anion difference (DCAD on performance of early lactating Nili Ravi buffaloes was examined in a randomized complete block design during summer. Four DCAD levels were randomly allotted to four groups, three buffaloes in each group. A linear increase in nutrients and water intakes were recorded with increasing the DCAD level. A significant increase in blood pH and HCO3 was noticed with increasing DCAD level. Serum (Na + K - (Cl + S increased linearly with increasing the DCAD level while high serum chloride was noticed in buffaloes fed -110 DCAD diet. The serum calcium increased significantly with decreasing the DCAD level while serum magnesium and phosphorus remained unaffected. Urine pH increased significantly with increasing DCAD level. Higher serum cortisol was notices in buffaloes fed -110 than those fed +330 mEq/kg. A linear increase in milk yield was also noticed with increasing the DCAD level. Milk fat% increased significantly with increasing the DCAD while all other milk constituents remained unaltered. Buffaloes fed high DCAD diets had higher conception rate and less services per conception than those fed low DCAD diets.

  12. La Nuit des Chercheurs au CERN / Researchers' Night at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva; Pohl, Martin; Paniccia, Mercedes

    2017-01-01

    Vendredi 29 septembre 2017 de 17h à 23h Entrée libre - pas d'inscription nécessaire. Depuis maintenant 8 ans, le Laboratoire ouvre ses portes en soirée au grand public, à l’occasion de cette fête scientifique. C’est un plaisir d’accueillir tous ces curieux et de partager les découvertes de la science, toutes plus étonnantes les unes que les autres. L’invention du Web en est une particulièrement intégrée au quotidien, mais il y en a tellement d’autres ! Venez découvrir cette science insoupçonnée et en prendre plein les yeux ! Le programme est prêt ! Nous sommes ravis de vous présenter toutes les activités que nous avons prévues pour vous, scientifiques en herbe, novices ou aficionados de tout âge . Il y aura même une surprise pour les 400 premiers visiteurs ! Activités sur le site du CERN Activités en ligne (Facebook Live) Nous avons hâte de vous accueillir !     ...

  13. Critical appraisal of a fixed combination of esomeprazole and low dose aspirin in risk reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Vachhani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Ravi Vachhani1, Doumit Bouhaidar1, Alvin Zfass1, Bimaljit Sandhu1, Ali Nawras21Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, Virginia 23298–0341, USA; 2Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390, USAAbstract: Low dose aspirin (≤325 mg is routinely used for primary and secondary prophylaxis of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. The use of low dose aspirin is associated with two-to four-fold greater risk of symptomatic or complicated peptic ulcers. Risk factors associated with low dose aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity includes prior history of ulcer or upper gastrointestinal (GI bleeding, concomitant use of other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroid or warfarin, dual antiplatelet therapy, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection, and advanced age. Esomeprazole, like other proton pump inhibitors (PPIs is very effective in decreasing the risk of aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity. Although evidence to support esomeprazole or other PPIs for primary prophylaxis in aspirin induced gastrointestinal toxicity is limited, its role in secondary prophylaxis is well established.Keywords: esomeprazole, proton pump inhibitors, low dose aspirin, gastrointestinal toxicity, gastrointestinal bleeding

  14. Four-factor prothrombin complex concentrates: effectiveness in the reversal of anticoagulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavva C

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Chakri Gavva, Manasa Reddy, Ravi Sarode Division of Transfusion Medicine and Hemostasis, Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA Abstract: Vitamin K antagonists (VKAs continue to be the most commonly prescribed class of oral anticoagulants worldwide for the treatment and prevention of venous or arterial thromboembolic events (TEEs. While VKAs are effective at reducing the incidence of TEEs, the risk of major bleeding remains significant. In patients taking VKAs and presenting with clinically significant bleeding or undergoing an emergent procedure, a rapid, effective, and safe reversal agent is required. Available options for the reversal of VKAs include plasma, vitamin K, 3-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (3F-PCC, or 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC. Herein, we review the growing evidence that supports using 4F-PCC over both plasma and 3F-PCC for emergent VKA reversal. We also discuss the various dosing options and safety profile of 4F-PCC. In addition, we summarize the limited data available for 4F-PCC in reversing the effects of direct oral anticoagulants and the management of other coagulopathic bleeding. Keywords: anticoagulants, prothrombin complex concentrate, vitamin k antagonist, warfarin

  15. HAEMATOLOGICAL STUDIES IN INDUCED BUFFALO NEONATAL CALF DIARRHOEA WITH ENTEROP A THOGENIC E. COLI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baber Niaz, A. Khan, M.T. laved, Abid Hussain and Khalid Masaud Ahmad1

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out on 24 Nili-Ravi buffalo neonatal calves divided into four equal groups and maintained at Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar, Okara. Diarrhoea was induced with oral administration of enteropathogenic E. coli in first three groups while the fourth group was kept as uninfected untreated control. Twenty four hours post-infection Ist group was treated with rehydration solution and kanamycin, 2nd group with kanamycin and the 3rd group with rehydration solution. Treatment continued till the recovery or maximum up to six days. Results obtained on clinical parameters indicated green to yellow white colour of diarrhoeic contents while consistency varied from watery to semisolid. Generally in treatment groups in about first two days, calves passed faeces around 6-10 times a day. This frequency became low in about further 2-4 days. During first 3-4 days of treatment all calves appeared weak, dull depressed, emaciated and dehydrated. Total erythrocyte counts, hemoglobin concentration packed cell volume was low in calves treated with rehydration solution + kanamycin as compared to other treatment and control group. Total leukocyte counts were high in calves treated with rehydration solution than other groups. Neutrophil and lymphocyte counts varied significantly (P<0.05 among all treatment and control group. Moderate to severe emaciation and dehydration was present in calves treated with only antibiotic but these changes were less prominent in calved treated with rehydration solution alone or in combination with antibiotic.

  16. Ecophysiological Responses of Invasive and Native Grass Communities with Simulated Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quade, B.; Ravi, S.; Huxman, T. E.

    2010-12-01

    William Quade1, Sujith Ravi2, Ashley Weide2, Greg Barron-Gafford2, Katerina Dontsova2 and Travis E Huxman2 1Carthage College, WI 2 B2 Earthscience & UA Biosphere 2, University of Arizona, Tucson. Abstract Climate change, anthropogenic disturbances and lack of proper management practices have rendered many arid regions susceptible to invasions by exotic grasses with consequent ecohydrological, biogeochemical and socio economic implications. Thus, understanding the ecophysiological processes driving these large-scale vegetation shifts in drylands, in the context of rising temperatures and recurrent droughts is fundamental to global change research. Using the Biosphere 2 facility to maintain distinct temperature treatments of ambient and predicted warmer conditions (+ 4o C) inside, we compared the physiological (e.g. photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, biomass) responses of a native grass - Heteropogan contortus (Tanglehead) and an invasive grass - Pennisetum ciliare (Buffelgrass) growing in single and mixed communities. The results indicate that Buffelgrass can assimilate more CO2 per unit leaf area under current conditions, though warming seems to inhibit the performance when looking at biomass, photosynthesis and stomatal conductance. Under similar moisture regimes Buffelgrass performed better than Tangle head in mixed communities regardless of the temperature. Both grasses had decrease in stomatal conductance with warmer conditions, however the Buffel grass did not have the same decrease of conductance when planted in a mixed communities. Key words: Buffelgrass, Tanglehead, Biosphere 2, stomatal conductance, climate change

  17. Antioxidant activity of capsaicin on radiation-induced oxidation of murine hepatic mitochondrial membrane preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gangabhagirathi R

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ramachandran Gangabhagirathi,1 Ravi Joshi,2 1Bioorganic Division, 2Radiation and Photochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, India Abstract: Capsaicin is the major capsaicinoid in chili peppers and is widely used as a spice. It is also used for topical applications in cases of peripheral neuropathy. The present study deals with its role in modulation of gamma radiation-induced damages of the biochemical constituents of rat liver mitochondrial membrane (RLM preparation. The extent of lipid hydroperoxide formation, depletion in protein thiols, and formation of protein carbonyls have been biochemically assessed in the presence of varying concentrations of capsaicin in RLM. Decrease in the activities of the important antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase, which is involved in the scavenging of free radicals, and the mitochondrial marker enzyme succinate dehydrogenase have been also looked into. Capsaicin has been found to efficiently inhibit radiation-induced biochemical alterations, namely lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation. It also significantly prevented radiation-induced loss in the activity of antioxidant enzyme and the important endogenous antioxidant glutathione. The study suggests that capsaicin can act as an antioxidant and radioprotector in physiological systems. Keywords: capsaicin, gamma radiation, radioprotection, lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, enzyme activity

  18. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamba, Gagandeep; Ravi, G R

    2015-01-01

    Radicular cysts are by far the most common cystic lesions of the jaw. However, those arising from primary teeth are comparatively rare, comprising only 0.5 to 3.3%. The aim of this paper is to present clinical, radiographic and histopathological characteristics of radicular cyst associated with a primary mandibular molar causing unusual displacement of the permanent successor. Extraction of primary tooth along with extirpation of cyst was done under local anesthesia. The displaced premolar was also extracted and then replanted in the socket after proper alignment. Healing was uneventful and the space of missing primary molar was maintained by band and loop space maintainer. The relationship between intracanal medicaments and rapid growth of cyst, as mentioned in literature was observed in our case too. Thus, pulpotomy treated primary teeth should receive periodic postoperative radiographic examination and absence of clinical symptoms does not mean that a pulpotomy treated tooth is healthy. How to cite this article: Lamba G, Ravi GR. Replantation of Displaced Underlying Successor and Marsupialization of Radicular Cyst associated with a Primary Molar. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(1):70-74.

  19. Successful retreatment with sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir for cirrhotic patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1b, who discontinued the prior treatment with asunaprevir plus daclatasvir: A case series and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haga, Yuki; Kanda, Tatsuo; Yasui, Shin; Nakamura, Masato; Ooka, Yoshihiko; Takahashi, Koji; Wu, Shuang; Nakamoto, Shingo; Arai, Makoto; Chiba, Tetsuhiro; Maruyama, Hitoshi; Yokosuka, Osamu; Takada, Nobuo; Moriyama, Mitsuhiko; Imazeki, Fumio; Kato, Naoya

    2018-01-12

    Interferon-free treatment results in higher sustained virologic response (SVR) rates, with no serious adverse events in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. However, in some patients with treatment-failure in HCV NS5A inhibitor-including interferon-free regimens, the treatment-emergent HCV NS5A resistance-associated variants (RAVs), which are resistant to interferon-free retreatment including HCV NS5A inhibitors, are observed. In HCV-infected Japanese patients with daclatasvir and asunaprevir treatment failure, retreatment with sofosbuvir and ledipasvir could lead to only ∼70% SVR rates. Three HCV genotype (GT)-1b-infected cirrhotic patients who discontinued the combination of daclatasvir and asunaprevir due to adverse drug reactions within 4 weeks; retreatment with sofosbuvir and ledipasvir combination could result in SVR in these patients without RAVs. One HCV GT-1b-infected cirrhotic patient who discontinued the combination of daclatasvir and asunaprevir due to viral breakthrough at week 10; retreatment with sofosbuvir and ledipasvir combination for this patient with the treatment-emergent HCV NS5A RAV-Y93H resulted in viral relapse at week 4 after the end of the treatment. Retreatment with sofosbuvir and ledipasvir is effective for HCV GT-1b patients who discontinue the combination of daclatasvir and asunaprevir within 4 weeks. The treatment response should be related to the existence of treatment-emergent HCV NS5A RAVs, but may not be related to the short duration of treatment.

  20. Bringing Astronomy Directly to New Audiences (50,000 People) at Outdoor Concerts and Music Festivals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, D.

    2014-07-01

    My NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers at the National Mall (co-sponsor OSTP); Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood music festivals; and classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts in parks assisted by astronomy clubs (55 events since 2009). Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. MAUS combines solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; large posters/banners (From the Earth to the Universe; Visions of the Universe); videos; hands-on activities (Night Sky Network; Harvard-Smithsonian CfA); imaging with a cell phone mount; and hand-outs (info on science museums, astronomy clubs, and citizen science) before and after the concerts or at intermission. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large enthusiastic crowds. Many young children participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. Outcomes: While < 50% of the participants took part in a science museum or activity in the past year (survey result), they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn more; and increased their interest in science (ave. rating 3.6/4). Taking science directly to people is effective in promoting science education!

  1. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Ancient Mars Water and Landforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Titles in this section include: 1) Giant Lowland Polygons: Relics of an Ancient Martian Ocean? 2) Lake Shorelines: Earth Analogs for Hypothesized Martian Coastal Features; 3) Complex Evolution of Paleolacustrine Systems on Mars: An Example from the Holden Crater; 4) Geomorphology and Hydraulics of Ma'adim Vallis, Mars, During a Noachian/Hesperian Boundary Paleoflood; 5) Geologic Evolution of Dao Vallis, Mars; 6) Advances in Reconstructing the Geologic History of the Chryse Region Outflow Channels on Mars; 7) Ravi Vallis, Mars - Paleoflood Origin and Genesis of Secondary Chaos Zones; 8) Walla Walla Vallis and Wallula Crater: Two Recently Discovered Martian Features Record Aqueous History; 9) Tharsis Recharge: a Source of Groundwater for Martian Outflow Channels; 10) Factors Controlling Water Volumes and Release Rates in Martian Outflow Channels; 11) Significance of Confined Cavernous Systems for Outflow Channel Water Sources, Reactivation Mechanisms and Chaos Formation; 12) Systematic Differences in Topography of Martian and Terrestrial Drainage Basins; 13) Waves on Seas of Mars and Titan: Wind-Tunnel Experiments on Wind-Wave Generation in Extraterrestrial Atmospheres.

  2. Prediction of fragmentation of an aluminum expanding ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruggiero, Andrew; Bonora, Nicola; Gentile, Domenico; Iannitti, Gianluca; Testa, Gabriel; di Stefano, Roberto

    2017-06-01

    The fragmentation behavior of solid is important in a wide range of industrial and military applications. After Niordson, the electromagnetically launched expanding ring proved a useful technique for investigating tensile fracture and fragmentation at high strain rate and the method was largely exploited by many authors. Recently, Zhang and Ravi-Chandar reported the details of the experimental observations on Al 6061-O. In the present work, two approaches were used for predicting the fragmentation response in these tests. The first is an energy based fragmentation model derived from the Grady's theory. The method, already applied to cold drawn pure copper, adopts the dynamic crack tip opening displacement as the fracture parameter that allows accounting for plastic strain occurring prior fracture. The second is a Continuum Damage Mechanics approach. Numerical simulations of the rings expansion were performed through finite element method taking care to apply proper boundary conditions. The Lorentz force was calculated by imposing the measured currents and providing the inductances values as a function of the ring geometry. To predict the material failure, the Bonora's damage model was applied, considering a statistical variation of material parameters within the rings volume.

  3. Open Praxis, volumen 4 issue 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editor Open Praxis

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available - Correlation between Performance and Quality of Academic Staff in National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN Olubiyi Adeniyi Adewale, Timothy Olugbenga Ajadi & Juliet O.Inegbedion (1-7 - Benchmarking E-Learning in UK Universities: Lessons from and for the International Context Paul Bacsich (9-17 - Structural equation modelling of factors affecting success in student’s performance in ODL-Programs: Extending Quality Management concepts Per Bergamin, Simone Ziska & Rudolf Groner (18-25 - Quality Assurance in Open and Distance Learning in India S.K. Gandhe (26-32 - Leading innovative approaches to the financial crisis Sarah Guri-Rosenblit (33-38 - TOWARDS KNOWLEDGE BASED ECONOMIES - the contribution of open distance learning strategies in addressing equity and inclusiveness issues in small states like Mauritius Jheengut (39-63 - New Approaches to Quality Assurance in the Changing World of Higher Education Maria Jose Lemaitre (64-75 - Entrepreneurship: New Challenges for Higher Education Institutions Josep Lladós (76-87 - A Psychometric Study in the Performance of Distance learners Ravi K Mahajan (88-94 - Managing Quality Assurance for Distance Learning Programs in Malaysia Mohd Ismail Ramli (95-101 - Employability and lifelong learning Hazel Simmons-McDonald (102-113

  4. Immature and mature sperm morphometry in fresh and frozen-thawed falcon ejaculates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villaverde-Morcillo, S; Soler, A J; Esteso, M C; Castaño, C; Miñano-Berna, A; Gonzalez, F; Santiago-Moreno, J

    2017-08-01

    Sperm morphometry is one characteristic which may be useful in prediction of fertility and sperm freezability in a species. Knowledge of the sperm characteristics of the ejaculate and the morphometric descriptors is necessary to effectively develop sperm cryopreservation. The aim of the current study was to provide a general description of the sperm from two falcon species (Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus peregrinus/brookei and Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus) including immature sperm, sperm head morphometric descriptors, and the existence of mature sperm subpopulations. Semen samples were collected by massage and voluntary false copulation and diluted with Lake and Ravie medium. Smears were prepared of the diluted samples, stained with Hemacolor ® , and subjected to: 1) morphological analysis (bright field optical microscopy), and 2) computerised morphometric analysis; each sperm head was measured for length, width, area and perimeter. In addition, in the Gyrfalcon, pooled semen was frozen in pellets using DMA as a cryoprotectant and the analyses repeated after thawing. The mean percentage of immature sperm (spermatocytes and spermatids) was similarly high in all species/subspecies: Brookei Peregrine falcon (F. p. brookei) 55.5%, European Peregrine falcon (F. p. peregrinus) 65.5% and Gyrfalcon 64.7%. Clustering analyses identified four subpopulations of mature spermatozoa with different morphometric characteristics (P falcon sperm. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Freezability of water buffalo spermatozoa is improved with the addition of catalase in cryodiluent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, L; Hassan Andrabi, S M; Ahmed, H; Hussain Shah, A A

    Catalase enzyme is usually distributed in mammalian seminal plasma, where it decomposes hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen and enhances sperm survivability. To evaluate the effect of catalase (0, 100, 200 or 300 IU/ml) added in tris-citric acid (TCA) based extender on motion characteristics, viability and DNA integrity of bubaline spermatozoa at post dilution (PD) and post thawing (PT) stages of cryopreservation. Collection of semen was done in four Nili-Ravi bulls with an artificial vagina (42 degree C). Qualified semen samples from each bull were further subdivided into four aliquots for dilution with the experimental TCA extender containing either 0.0 (T1), 100 IU (T2), 200 IU (T3) or 300 IU (T4) catalase (activity12660 U/mg). At PT, mean computer progressive motility, average path velocity, straight line velocity, curvilinear velocity, visual motility and DNA integrity were higher (P catalase fortified treatment groups as compared with control. Regarding plasma membrane integrity and supra-vital plasma membrane integrity, at PT the mean values were higher (P catalase at a concentration of 300IU/ml in TCA cryodiluent improved the freezability of water buffalo spermatozoa.

  6. Erosion and deposition processes in surface granular flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinh, T.; Boltenhagen, P.; Delannay, R.; Valance, A.

    2017-10-01

    We report on experiments aiming at characterizing erosion and deposition processes on a tilted granular bed. We investigate the existence of the neutral angle, that is, the critical angle at which erosion exactly balances accretion after the passage of a granular avalanche of a finite mass. Experiments show in particular that the neutral angle depends on both avalanche mass and shape but is rather insensitive to the bed length. This result strongly suggests that the effective friction between the static and mobile granular phases cannot be taken as an intrinsic property that is only material dependent but should be considered a flow-dependent property. Interestingly, for a given avalanche mass, the net erosion rate increases linearly with the angular deviation from the neutral angle. We also compare our data with the predictions of the erosion-deposition model introduced by Bouchaud, Cates, Ravi Prakash, and Edwards (BCRE) [J. Phys. I 4, 1283 (1994), 10.1051/jp1:1994195]. We show that the predictions drawn from the modified version of the BCRE model proposed by Boutreux and de Gennes, in which the local erosion rate between the static and mobile phases is independent of the flow thickness, are in remarkable agreement with the experimental results.

  7. Daughter performance based buffalo bull ranking for boosting milk production in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ghaffar

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The first lactation milk yield records of 2329 daughters of 180 bulls, (11 batches during 1983-2005 were used in this study. BLUP breeding values for male and female were computed using DFREML. The fixed effects like herd-year-season and batch number of bulls had significant effect on milk yield as determined by HARVEY Model-1. In addition to these fixed effects, age at first calving was included in the model as covariate to estimate the BLUP breeding values (EBV for milk yield. The year-wise least square means of milk yield for Nili Ravi buffaloes showed a sharp increase from 1984 to 1989 and then a significant yearly variation with the slight decrease in overall milk production under field conditions at private farmers door step. Among these candidate bulls 92 bulls were positive for milk yield EBV. The overall milk production was (Mean±S.E 2481.82±493.33 Kg. The heritability of milk yield was 0.15. There is wide variation over the years making the over all regression line (Y = - 146944 + 74.349X for milk yield negative. This emphasizes to review the policy of semen usage and production of candidate young bulls for future generations. Recently born male calves had better breeding values showing the positive regression line ( Y = 142.77 + 22.065X.

  8. Nature and hydrological relevance of the Shalbatana complex underground cavernous system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Jose Alexis Palmero; Sasaki, Sho; Miyamoto, Hideaki

    2003-03-01

    The geomorphology of the North East trending long fractured depression between the Ganges Chasma and the Shalbatana Vallis headwater source region is examined and interpreted to be the result of collapse of part of an extensive underground cavernous system. We propose that this cavernous system undermines at least a valley, which extends from the vicinities of the Ganges Chasma and terminates in the Shalbatana Vallis headwater source region and the Aromatum Chaos. We believe that the origin of this cavernous system was related to the formation and interconnection of discrete cavernous bodies and propose a hypothesis, which involves the interaction of permafrost and intrusive magmatism to explain their formation. The Shalbatana Vallis headwater source is interpreted as produced by a Noachian impact crater and surface collapse over part of the underground cavernous system. Finally, we propose that the water sources, which were involved in the excavation of the Shalbatana and Ravis outflow channels might have included water segregated from the permafrost through interaction of intrusive magmatism and permafrost, water drained from a paleolake in the Ganges Chasma and water released from the catastrophic evacuation of confined aquifers.

  9. A quantitative geometric mechanics lens model: insights into the mechanisms of accommodation and presbyopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reilly, Matthew A

    2014-10-01

    This study expands on a geometric model of ocular accommodation (Reilly and Ravi, Vision Res. 50:330-336; 2010) by relaxing assumptions regarding lens symmetry about the equator. A method for predicting stretching force was derived. Two models were then developed: Model 1 held the equatorial geometry constant at all stages of accommodation, while Model 2 allowed localized deformation at the equator. Both models were compared to recent data for axial thickness, anterior and posterior radii of curvature, surface area, cross-sectional area, volume, and stretching force for the 29-year-old lens. Age-related changes in accommodation were also simulated. Model 1 gave predictions which agreed with the Helmholtz theory of accommodation, while Model 2's predictions agreed with the Schachar mechanism of accommodation. Trends predicted by Model 1 agreed with all available experimental data, while Model 2 disagreed with recent surface area measurements. Further analysis indicated that Model 1 was fundamentally more efficient in that it required less force per diopter change in optical power than Model 2. Model 1 more accurately predicted age-related changes in accommodation amplitude. This implies that the zero-force (fully accommodated) state geometry changes with age due to a shifting balance in residual stresses between the lens and capsule. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Matching Supernovae to Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2016-12-01

    One of the major challenges for modern supernova surveys is identifying the galaxy that hosted each explosion. Is there an accurate and efficient way to do this that avoids investing significant human resources?Why Identify Hosts?One problem in host galaxy identification. Here, the supernova lies between two galaxies but though the centroid of the galaxy on the right is closer in angular separation, this may be a distant background galaxy that is not actually near the supernova. [Gupta et al. 2016]Supernovae are a critical tool for making cosmological predictions that help us to understand our universe. But supernova cosmology relies on accurately identifying the properties of the supernovae including their redshifts. Since spectroscopic followup of supernova detections often isnt possible, we rely on observations of the supernova host galaxies to obtain redshifts.But how do we identify which galaxy hosted a supernova? This seems like a simple problem, but there are many complicating factors a seemingly nearby galaxy could be a distant background galaxy, for instance, or a supernovas host could be too faint to spot.The authors algorithm takes into account confusion, a measure of how likely the supernova is to be mismatched. In these illustrations of low (left) and high (right) confusion, the supernova is represented by a blue star, and the green circles represent possible host galaxies. [Gupta et al. 2016]Turning to AutomationBefore the era of large supernovae surveys, searching for host galaxies was done primarily by visual inspection. But current projects like the Dark Energy Surveys Supernova Program is finding supernovae by the thousands, and the upcoming Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will likely discover hundreds of thousands. Visual inspection will not be possible in the face of this volume of data so an accurate and efficient automated method is clearly needed!To this end, a team of scientists led by Ravi Gupta (Argonne National Laboratory) has recently

  11. TÜRK TÜKETİCİLERİN ALMAN VE ÇİN ÜRÜNLERİNE YÖNELİK ÜLKE MENŞEİ ALGISI-PERCEPTION OF TURKISH CONSUMERS ABOUT COUNTRY OF ORIGIN EFFECT IN GERMAN AND CHINESE PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim İldem DEVELİ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ülke menşei etkisi uluslararası pazarlarda tüketicinin satın alma kararını etkileyen önemli bir değişkendir. Ülke menşe etkisinin önemli olduğu birçok ürün bulunmaktadır. Bunlar arasında parfüm, aksesuar, otomobil, moda tekstil ürünleri, tüketici elektroniği, yazılım vb. yer almaktadır. Bazı zamanlarda ülke markalarının grafiğinde düşüş görülebilir. Mükemmel ürünler tüketiciyi işletmeyi ürünün kalitesiyle değerlendirmeye sevk etmektedir. Ancak, tek bir kalitesiz veya kötü ürün tüketicinin işletme hakkındaki bu imajını yıkabilmektedir. Bugün dünyanın birçok yerindeki tüketiciler öncekinden daha zengin, daha bilgili ve üreticiler üzerinde daha fazla güce sahiptirler. Kültüre karşı olan hassasiyet yeni yüzyılın başarılı marka değerlendirmesinde önemli bir kriter haline gelmiştir. Bu çalışma ülke menşei etkisinin Türk tüketicilerinin Alman ve Çin ülkelerine karşı genel ülke tutumu ile bu tüketicilerin Alman ve Çin otomobil ve dvd ürünlerine karşı görüşlerini ortaya koymaya yönelik olarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmada Parameswaran, Ravi ve Pisharodi’nin (1994 Journal of Advertising’de yayınlanan “Facets of Country-of-Origin Image: An Emprical Assessment” adlı makalesindeki araştırma esas alınmıştır.-Country of the origin effect (COO is an important variable affecting consumer purchase in international marketing. There are many products where the COO is important to consumers, such as perfumes, accessories, automobiles, high-fashion clothes, consumer electronics, software and so on. Excellent products shape consumers start to equate a company with quality, but one single bad product may damage this perception. Sensitivity to culture could become one of the defining characteristics of the new century’s successful global brands. This research will look at COO effects with respect to discover Turkish consumers perception of general

  12. TÜRK TÜKETİCİLERİN ALMAN VE ÇİN ÜRÜNLERİNE YÖNELİK ÜLKE MENŞEİ ALGISI-PERCEPTION OF TURKISH CONSUMERS ABOUT COUNTRY OF ORIGIN EFFECT IN GERMAN AND CHINESE PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evrim İldem DEVELİ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ülke menşei etkisi uluslararası pazarlarda tüketicinin satın alma kararını etkileyen önemli bir değişkendir. Ülke menşe etkisinin önemli olduğu birçok ürün bulunmaktadır. Bunlar arasında parfüm, aksesuar, otomobil, moda tekstil ürünleri, tüketici elektroniği, yazılım vb. yer almaktadır. Bazı zamanlarda ülke markalarının grafiğinde düşüş görülebilir. Mükemmel ürünler tüketiciyi işletmeyi ürünün kalitesiyle değerlendirmeye sevk etmektedir. Ancak, tek bir kalitesiz veya kötü ürün tüketicinin işletme hakkındaki bu imajını yıkabilmektedir. Bugün dünyanın birçok yerindeki tüketiciler öncekinden daha zengin, daha bilgili ve üreticiler üzerinde  daha fazla güce sahiptirler. Kültüre karşı olan hassasiyet yeni yüzyılın başarılı marka değerlendirmesinde önemli bir kriter haline gelmiştir. Bu çalışma ülke menşei etkisinin Türk tüketicilerinin Alman ve Çin ülkelerine karşı genel ülke tutumu ile bu tüketicilerin Alman ve Çin otomobil ve dvd ürünlerine karşı görüşlerini ortaya koymaya yönelik olarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmada Parameswaran, Ravi ve Pisharodi’nin (1994 Journal of Advertising’de yayınlanan “Facets of Country-of-Origin Image: An Emprical Assessment” adlı makalesindeki araştırma esas alınmıştır.-Country of the origin effect (COO is an important variable affecting consumer purchase in international marketing. There are many products where the COO is important to consumers, such as perfumes, accessories, automobiles, high-fashion clothes, consumer electronics, software and so on. Excellent products shape consumers start to equate a company with quality, but one single bad product may damage this perception. Sensitivity to culture could become one of the defining characteristics of the new century’s successful global brands. This research will look at COO effects with respect to discover Turkish consumers perception of general

  13. Transforming Swamp Buffaloes to Producers of Milk and Meat Through Crossbreeding and Backcrossing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L C Cruz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available There are two major types of water buffaloes in the world, the riverine type and the swamp type. The total number of Swamp buffalo is 37.6 M and represents 21.8% of the world’s buffalo population. The swamp buffaloes have played a major role in draft animal-dependent farming system. But intensified rice production became more pronounced in irrigated areas and this has led to increased utilization of small farm machineries, displacing significantly the draft buffaloes for land tillage. To some extent, the introduction of tractors for land preparation and transport for corn, sugarcane and other crops in production areas has similar effect. Utilization of the existing population of swamp buffaloes to meet the growing domestic demand for milk and meat, against the background of increasing farm mechanization, is a good reason to transform the huge number of draft animals into producers of milk and meat. According to the UNDP/FAO-assisted project in the Philippines carried from 1982 to 1998, that crossing swamp buffalo and riverine buffaloes, despite the differences in chromosome numbers, is producing crossbreds with high growth rate potentials and milk production abilities several folds over the swamp buffalo parents. The known fact that swamp and riverine buffaloes have different chromosome number, the diploid chromosome number of the swamp buffalo is 48 and that of the river buffalo is 50. When crossbreeding between the 2 buffalo types occur, males and females of the F1 generation are heterozygous for the fusion and are apparently fertile with chromosome 2n = 49. Three-way crossbred hybrids were obtained by (native buffalo x Murrah x Nili Ravi or (native buffalo x Nili Ravi x Murrah. They had two chromosome categories viz. 2n=49 and 2n=50, respectively. Crossbreeding Swamp with Riverine Breed is done for quality beef. Most of the NT produced TenderBuff is farm-bred or purchased from other suppliers as swamp buffalo yearlings and growth out for a

  14. Assess arsenic distribution in groundwater applying GIS in capital of Punjab, Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhtar, M. M.; Zhonghua, T.; Sissou, Z.; Mohamadi, B.

    2015-03-01

    Arsenic contamination of groundwater resources threatens the health of millions of people worldwide, particularly in the densely populated river deltas of Southeast Asia. Arsenic causes health concerns due to its significant toxicity and worldwide presence in portable water. The major sources of arsenic pollution may be natural process such as dissolution of arsenic containing minerals and anthropogenic activities. Lahore is groundwater dependent city, arsenic contamination is a major issue of portable water and has recently been most environmental health management issue especially in the plain region, where population density is very high. GIS was used in this study for visualizing distribution of arsenic groundwater concentration through geostatistics analysis technique, and exposure risk zones for two years (2010 and 2012). Town's data was compared and concentration variation evaluated. ANOVA test was also applied to compare concentration between cities and years. Arsenic concentrations widely range 7.3-67.8 and 5.2-69.3 μg L-1 in 2010 and 2012, respectively. Over 71% area is represented arsenic concentration range from 20 to 30 μg L-1 in both analyzed years. However, in 2012 arsenic concentration over 40 μg L-1 has covered 7.6% area of Data Gunjbuksh and 8.1% of Ravi Town, while over 90% area of Allama Iqbal, Aziz Bhatti and Samanabad Town contain arsenic concentration between 20-30 μg L-1. ANOVA test depicts concentration probability less than 0.05, while differences were detected among towns. In light of current results, it needs urgent step to ensure groundwater protection and preservation for future.

  15. Management of pediatric tonsillectomy pain: a review of the literature

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    Hansen J

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Jennifer Hansen, Ravi D Shah, Hubert A Benzon Department of Pediatric Anesthesiology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA Abstract: Tonsillectomy is associated with significant pain and postoperative pain control is often unsatisfactory. We discuss the various strategies that have been investigated to control pain following tonsillectomy. Codeine is a weak analgesic frequently used in children for the treatment of mild-to-moderate pain, however, due to adverse events related to its metabolism, it has been contraindicated for postoperative pain in children since 2013. Intravenous morphine is frequently used for moderate-to-severe pain in children, however, its active metabolite can lead to respiratory depressant and other undesirable side effects. Hydromorphone is a commonly used alternative that has been studied infrequently. Alternatives to narcotic pain strategies have also been studied. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs are effective as analgesics, yet many practitioners avoid their use given the concern for postoperative bleeding. Intraoperative acetaminophen has been shown to improve postoperative pain and decrease recovery room time. Dexamethasone has been shown to improve postoperative pain, vomiting, and decrease airway swelling, and seems to be effective for use during tonsillectomy surgery. Ketamine has been shown to decrease analgesic requirements without adverse affects of hallucinations. Direct injection of local anesthetic into the tonsillar bed has been shown to be effective in improving pain control, however, there is concern that local anesthetic could be erroneously injected into the carotid artery and lead to devastating consequences. Optimal pain control regimens following pediatric tonsillectomy continue to be a challenge for both anesthesiologists and otorhinolaryngologists. Opioids are the most commonly used but are

  16. Thermal studies of Martian channels and valleys using Termoskan data: New results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, B. H.; Murray, B. C.

    1993-01-01

    The Termoskan instrument onboard the Phobos '88 spacecraft acquired the highest-spatial-resolution thermal data ever obtained for Mars. Included in the thermal images are 2 km/pixel midday observations of several major channel and valley systems, including significant portions of Shalbatana Vallis, Ravi Vallis, Al-Qahira Vallis, Ma'adim Vallis, the channel connecting Valles Marineris with Hydraotes Chaos, and channel material in Eos Chasma. Termoskan also observed small portions of the southern beginnings of Simud, Tiu, and Ares Valles and some channel material in Gangis Chasma. Simultaneous broad band visible data were obtained for all but Ma'adim Vallis. We find that most of the channels and valleys have higher inertias than their surroundings, consistent with Viking IRTM-based thermal studies of Martian channels. We see for the first time that thermal inertia boundaries closely match all flat channel floor boundaries. Combining Termoskan thermal data, relative observations from Termoskan visible channel data, Viking absolute bolometric albedos, and a thermal model of the Mars surface, we have derived lower bounds on channel thermal inertias. Lower bounds on typical channel thermal inertias range from 8.4 to 12.5 (10(exp -3) cal cm(exp -2) s(exp -1/2)K(exp -1)) (352 to 523 in SI units). Lower bounds on inertia differences with the surrounding heavily cratered plains range from 1.1 to 3.5 (46 to 147 in SI units). Atmospheric and geometric effects are not sufficient to cause the inertia enhancements. We agree with previous researchers that localized, dark, high inertia areas within channels are likely eolian in nature. However, the Temloskan data show that eolian deposits do not fill the channels, nor are they responsible for the overall thermal inertia enhancement. Thermal homogeneity and strong correlation of thermal boundaries with the channel floor boundaries lead us to favor noneolian overall explanations.

  17. Selections from 2017: Discoveries in Titan's Atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-12-01

    Editors note:In these last two weeks of 2017, well be looking at a few selections that we havent yet discussed on AAS Nova from among the most-downloaded paperspublished in AAS journals this year. The usual posting schedule will resume in January.Carbon Chain Anions and the Growth of Complex Organic Molecules in Titans IonospherePublished July2017Main takeaway:Graphic depicting some of the chemical reactions taking place in Titans atmosphere, leading to the generation of organic haze particles. [ESA]In a recently published study led by Ravi Desai (University College London), scientists used data from the Cassini mission to identify negatively charged molecules known as carbon chain anions in the atmosphere of Saturns largest moon, Titan.Why its interesting:Carbon chain anions are the building blocks ofmore complex molecules, and Titans thick nitrogen and methane atmosphere mightmimic the atmosphere of earlyEarth. This first unambiguous detection of carbon chain anions in a planet-like atmosphere might therefore teach us about the conditions and chemical reactions that eventually led to the development of life on Earth. And ifwe can use Titan to learn about how complex molecules grow from these anion chains, we may be able to identify auniversal pathway towards the ingredients for life.What weve learned so far:Cassini measured fewer and fewer lower-mass anions the deeper in Titans ionosphere that it looked and at the same time,an increase in the number of precursors to larger aerosol molecules further down. This tradeoff strongly suggests that the anions are indeed involved in building up the more complex molecules, seeding their eventual growth into the complex organic haze of Titans lower atmosphere.CitationR. T. Desai et al 2017 ApJL 844 L18. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa7851

  18. Study the Effect of Substrate Temperature on Structural and Electrical Properties of Electron Beam Evaporated In{sub 1−x}Sb{sub x} Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rahul, E-mail: rhl.jaunpur@gmail, E-mail: srvfzb@rediffmail.com; Vishwakarma, S. R., E-mail: rhl.jaunpur@gmail, E-mail: srvfzb@rediffmail.com; Verma, Aneet Kumar, E-mail: rhl.jaunpur@gmail, E-mail: srvfzb@rediffmail.com; Tripathi, Ravishankar Nath, E-mail: rhl.jaunpur@gmail, E-mail: srvfzb@rediffmail.com [Advance thin films laboratory, Department of Physics and Electronics, Dr. R. M. L Avadh University, Faizabad‐ 224001 (U.P) (India)

    2011-10-20

    Indium Antimonide (InSb) is a promising materials for mid and long wavelength infrared and high speed devices applications because of its small band gap. The Indium Antimonide (InSb) thin films have been deposited onto well cleaned glass substrate at different substrate temperatures (300 K, 323 K, 373 K) by electron beam evaporation technique in the high vacuum chamber at vacuum pressure ∼10{sup −5} torr using prepared non‐stoichiometric InSb powder using formula In{sub 1−x}Sb{sub x}(0.2Ravi Shankar Nath Tripathi, and due to errors in the article, the paper is retracted from the scientific record.

  19. In vitro embryo production in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) using sexed sperm and oocytes from ovum pick up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, X W; Lu, Y Q; Chen, M T; Zhang, X F; Lu, S S; Zhang, M; Pang, C Y; Huang, F X; Lu, K H

    2008-04-15

    The objective was to explore the use of sexed sperm and OPU-derived oocytes in an IVP system to produce sex-preselected bubaline embryos. Oocytes were recovered from 20 fertile Murrah and Nili-Ravi buffalo cows by repeated (twice weekly) ultrasound-guided transvaginal ovum pick up (OPU), or by aspiration of abbatoir-derived bubaline ovaries, and subjected to IVF, using frozen-thawed sexed or unsexed bubaline semen. On average, 4.6 oocytes were retrieved per buffalo per session (70.9% were Grades A or B). Following IVF with sexed sperm, oocytes derived from OPU had similar developmental competence as those from abattoir-derived ovaries, in terms of cleavage rate (57.6 vs. 50.4%, P=0.357) and blastocyst development rate (16.0 vs. 23.9%, P=0.237). Furthermore, using frozen-thawed sexed versus unsexed semen did not affect rates of cleavage (50.5 vs. 50.9%, P=0.978) or blastocyst development (15.3 vs. 19.1%, P=0.291) after IVF using OPU-derived oocytes. Of the embryos produced in an OPU-IVP system, 9 of 34 sexed fresh embryos (26.5%) and 5 of 43 sexed frozen embryos (11.6%) transferred to recipients established pregnancies, whereas 7 of 26 unsexed fresh embryos (26.9%) and 6 out of 39 unsexed frozen embryos (15.4%) transferred to recipients established pregnancies. Eleven sex-preselected buffalo calves (10 females and one male) and 10 sexed buffalo calves (six females and four males) were born following embryo transfer. In the present study, OPU, sperm sexing technology, IVP, and embryo transfer, were used to produce sex-preselected buffalo calves. This study provided proof of concept for further research and wider field application of these technologies in buffalo.

  20. A new generation of topical chronic wound treatments containing specific MMP inhibitors

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    Shrivastava R

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ravi Shrivastava, Nathalie Cucuat, Monika Rousse, Thomas Weigand, Pedro Neto, Claire Janicot, Christiane Shrivastava VITROBIO Research Institute, Issoire, France Purpose: Incidence of chronic wounds is constantly rising worldwide, but all currently available treatments are intended either to provide symptomatic relief or to assist cicatrization to some extent, but not to directly stimulate cellular growth. Physiologically, chronic wound healing simply requires cell growth to fill the injured cavity. To grow, our cells need to attach onto a cushion, called extracellular matrix (ECM, secreted by the mother cells and composed of multiple proteins. Recent scientific works prove that the concentration of certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs is extremely high in all chronic wounds and, because of their proteolytic nature, some MMPs completely degrade the ECM, hindering cell attachment and cell growth. The aim of this study was to identify, neutralize, and eliminate these MMPs from the wound surface so as to design an effective treatment for chronic wounds. Methods: Acute and chronic models of human epithelial and fibroblast cells were prepared on a defined ECM cushion in vitro and MMPs were added in the culture medium to identify the MMPs causing ECM disintegration for each cell type. ECM-degrading MMPs were then incubated with selected procyanidin-rich plant extracts (PCDs and cell growth was reanalyzed. Results: It was observed that: 1 multiple MMPs are involved in cellular matrix destruction; 2 ECM-destroying MMPs are specific with respect to cell type; and 3 specific PCDs may bind and neutralize selected MMPs. Conclusion: Topical application of specific plant PCDs to selectively neutralize ECM-destroying MMPs in acute and chronic wounds represents a novel approach for the treatment of superficial and deep skin wounds. Keywords: extra cellular matrix (ECM, matrix metalloproteinases, procyanidins (PCDs, tannins, ulcers

  1. MultipleLegionella pneumophilaeffector virulence phenotypes revealed through high-throughput analysis of targeted mutant libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shames, Stephanie R; Liu, Luying; Havey, James C; Schofield, Whitman B; Goodman, Andrew L; Roy, Craig R

    2017-11-28

    Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent of a severe pneumonia called Legionnaires' disease. A single strain of L. pneumophila encodes a repertoire of over 300 different effector proteins that are delivered into host cells by the Dot/Icm type IV secretion system during infection. The large number of L. pneumophila effectors has been a limiting factor in assessing the importance of individual effectors for virulence. Here, a transposon insertion sequencing technology called INSeq was used to analyze replication of a pool of effector mutants in parallel both in a mouse model of infection and in cultured host cells. Loss-of-function mutations in genes encoding effector proteins resulted in host-specific or broad virulence phenotypes. Screen results were validated for several effector mutants displaying different virulence phenotypes using genetic complementation studies and infection assays. Specifically, loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding LegC4 resulted in enhanced L. pneumophila in the lungs of infected mice but not within cultured host cells, which indicates LegC4 augments bacterial clearance by the host immune system. The effector proteins RavY and Lpg2505 were important for efficient replication within both mammalian and protozoan hosts. Further analysis of Lpg2505 revealed that this protein functions as a metaeffector that counteracts host cytotoxicity displayed by the effector protein SidI. Thus, this study identified a large cohort of effectors that contribute to L. pneumophila virulence positively or negatively and has demonstrated regulation of effector protein activities by cognate metaeffectors as being critical for host pathogenesis.

  2. Visual impairment among weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India.

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    Srinivas Marmamula

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in weaving communities in Prakasam district in South India state of Andhra Pradesh. METHODS: Using Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI methodology, a population based cross-sectional study was conducted. A two-stage sampling strategy was used to select 3000 participants aged ≥40 years. Visual Acuity (VA was assessed using a tumbling E chart and ocular examinations were performed by trained Para medical ophthalmic personnel. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information. Blindness and moderate Visual Impairment (VI was defined as presenting VA <6/60 and <6/18 to 6/60 respectively. VI included blindness and moderate VI. RESULTS: 2848 of 3000 enumerated subjects (94.0% participated. 39% were in 40-49 years age group and 11.8% were aged ≥70 years, 55% were women and nearly half of them had no formal education. 400 (14%; 95% CI: 12.8-15.3 subjects had VI, including blindness in 131 (4.6%; 95% CI: 3.8-5.4 and moderate VI in 269 (9.4%; 95% CI: 8.3-10.5 individuals. On applying multiple logistic regression, VI was significantly associated with older age and no formal education. Though the odds of having VI were higher in females, it was of borderline statistical significance (p = 0.06. Refractive error was the leading cause of all VI followed by cataract (56%. However, refractive errors were the leading cause of moderate VI (73.2% and cataract was the leading cause of blindness (62.6%. 'Cannot afford the cost of services' was the leading barrier for utilization of eye care services (47%. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant burden of VI in weaving communities in Andhra Pradesh, India most of which is avoidable. With this information as baseline, services need to be streamlined to address this burden.

  3. Rapid assessment of visual impairment in urban population of Delhi, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Noopur; Vashist, Praveen; Malhotra, Sumit; Senjam, Suraj Singh; Misra, Vasundhara; Bhardwaj, Amit

    2015-01-01

    To determine the prevalence, causes and associated demographic factors related to visual impairment amongst the urban population of New Delhi, India. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in East Delhi district using cluster random sampling methodology. This Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) survey involved examination of all individuals aged 40 years and above in 24 randomly selected clusters of the district. Visual acuity (VA) assessment and comprehensive ocular examination were done during the door-to-door survey. A questionnaire was used to collect personal and demographic information of the study population. Blindness and Visual Impairment was defined as presenting VA visual impairment. Of 2421 subjects enumerated, 2331 (96.3%) were available for ophthalmic examination. Among those examined, 49.3% were males. The prevalence of visual impairment (VI) in the study population, was 11.4% (95% C.I. 10.1, 12.7) and that of blindness was 1.2% (95% C.I. 0.8, 1.6). Uncorrected refractive error was the leading cause of VI accounting for 53.4% of all VI followed by cataract (33.8%). With multivariable logistic regression, the odds of having VI increased with age (OR = 24.6[95% C.I.: 14.9, 40.7]; p visual impairment is considerable in this region despite availability of adequate eye care facilities. Awareness generation and simple interventions like cataract surgery and provision of spectacles will help to eliminate the major causes of blindness and visual impairment in this region.

  4. Book Reviews | Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Book Review Editor, Barbara Hogenboom

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Violent Democracies in Latin America, edited by Enrique Desmond Arias and Daniel M. Goldstein; reviewed by Rivke Jaffe, p. 124Violence, Coercion, and State-Making in Twentieth Century Mexico. The Other Half of the Centaur, edited by Wil Pansters; reviewed by Markus-Michael Müller, p. 126Police Reform in Mexico. Informal Politics and the Challenge of Institutional Change, by Daniel M. Sabet; reviewed by Wil G. Pansters, p. 128Bribes, Bullets and Intimidation: Drug Trafficking and the Law in Central America, by Julie Marie Bunck and Michael Ross Fowler; reviewed by Sonja Wolf, p. 132Latin American Urban Development into the 21st Century: Towards a Renewed Perspective on the City, edited by Dennis Rodgers, Jo Beall and Ravi Kanbur; reviewed by Christien Klaufus, p. 133Latin America’s Turbulent Transitions: The Future of Twenty-First Century Socialism, by Roger Burbach, Michael Fox and Federico Fuentes; reviewed by Barry Cannon, p. 136Cuba and Its Neighbours: Democracy in Motion, by Arnold August; reviewed by Antonio Carmona Báez, p. 138Bolivia: Processes of Change, by John Crabtree and Ann Chaplin; reviewed by Gonzalo Rojas-Ortuste, p. 140The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Latin America, by Raúl L. Madrid; reviewed by Ton Salman, 142Intimate Indigeneities. Race, Sex, and History in the Small Spaces of Andean Life, by Andrew Canessa; reviewed by Annelou Ypeij, p. 145¡Américas Unidas! Nelson A. Rockefeller’s Office of Inter-American Affairs (1940-1946, edited by Gisela Cramer and Ursula Prutsch; reviewed by Darlene J. Sadlier, p. 146How a Revolutionary Art became Official Culture: Murals, Museums, and the Mexican State, by Mary Coffey; reviewed by Paula López Caballero, p. 148Sugar, Slavery, Christianity and the Making of Race, by Mark Edelman Boren; reviewed by Gert Oostindie, p. 150

  5. Appraisal of radioactivity and associated radiation hazards in sand samples of four rivers of Punjab province, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Khalid; Khalid, Muhammad Rizwan; Jabbar, Abdul; Akhter, Perveen

    2012-06-01

    Natural and anthropogenic radioactivity of sand and water samples collected from the four big rivers of Punjab province, Pakistan, was measured using a high-purity germanium detector coupled with a high resolution multichannel analyser. The average concentration of the naturally occurring radionuclides (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K in all the sand samples from the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Indus was found to be 22±0.6, 36±1 and 287±10 Bq kg (-1), respectively, while the concentration of the anthropogenic radionuclide (137)Cs was found to be below the minimum detectable activity, i.e. ~1.2 Bq kg (-1). All the sand samples have Ra(eq) concentrations lower than the limit of 370 Bq kg (-1). Indoor (H (in)) and outdoor (H (out)) radiation hazard indices were calculated for the samples to assess the radiation hazards arising due to the use of this sand in construction, and were found to be less than unity in the study area. Calculated values of the absorbed dose rate were less than the typical world average value of 59 nGy h (-1), and the annual effective dose rate was also less than the typical world value of 70 μSv, except in the Indus river, in which it is slightly higher then the world average. Results show that the measured values are comparable with other global radioactivity measurements. None of the studied riverbeds was considered a radiological hazard, and their sand can be safely used in construction.

  6. Voice Disorders in Older Adults Living in Nursing Homes: Prevalence and Associated Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pernambuco, Leandro; Espelt, Albert; Góis, Amanda C B; de Lima, Kenio Costa

    2017-07-01

    To estimate the prevalence and the associated factors with voice disorders (VDs) in older adults living in nursing homes. Cross-sectional. A sample of 117 Brazilian individuals of both sexes and preserved cognitive function, aged >59 years, living in 10 nursing homes, was studied. VDs were screened using the validated tool "Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos" (RAVI-Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults). Associated factors included variables related to socioeconomic and demographic profile; nursing home; general health; ear, nose, and throat conditions; lifestyle; functionality; and psychosocial status. Bivariate analysis was performed by Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's exact test. Multivariate analysis was performed by multiple binomial regression. The significance level was 5%. The prevalence of VDs was 39.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 30.4-48.1). There was no significant difference in prevalence according to age and sex. Multivariate analysis revealed that the prevalence of VDs were independently associated with anxiety symptoms (prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.17-3.29), smoking (PR = 1.56, CI = 1.02-2.38), general daily inactivity (PR = 1.62, CI = 1.10-2.38), temporomandibular disorder (PR = 1.68, CI = 1.11-2.54), choking (PR = 1.53, CI = 1.06-2.20), and self-reported hearing loss (PR = 1.52, CI = 1.04-2.21). VDs are common among older adults with preserved cognitive function living in nursing homes. The associated factors with VDs in this population can be prevented, diagnosed, controlled, or treated. Screening procedures and early intervention should be considered. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Freezing adversely affects measurement of vascular endothelial growth factor levels in human aqueous samples

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    Sankarathi Balaiya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sankarathi Balaiya Sandeep Grover Ravi K Murthy Kakarla V ChalamDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL, USAPurpose: Aqueous levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF can be a surrogate marker of intraocular VEGF activity and a measure of efficacy of anti-VEGF treatment in a variety of vasoproliferative retinal disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, and central retinal vein occlusion. Measurement of the VEGF level may be adversely affected by premeasurement variables, such as freezing and delay, in sample analysis. We aim to evaluate the effect of storage and delayed measurement of human aqueous VEGF levels in these conditions.Methods: Aqueous samples collected from patients receiving intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for various retinal diseases were divided into two groups. In Group 1, the VEGF levels were analyzed on the same day; in Group 2, the VEGF levels were analyzed after 21 days of freezer storage (-80°C using immunobead assay. Statistical comparison using a paired t-test was performed between the two groups.Results: Thirty-one aqueous humor samples were collected, and the VEGF concentration for fresh samples was 7.8 ± 5.9 pg/mL (mean ± SD compared to 6.5 ± 6.0 pg/mL in frozen samples, resulting in a statistically significant difference (P = 0.03.Conclusions: Accurate measurement of the VEGF level is a vital component of clinical decision-making. Delayed analysis of VEGF levels in aqueous samples may result in significant sample degradation and lower levels of measured VEGF.Keywords: VEGF level, aqueous humor, immunobead assay, VEGF storage

  8. EFFECT OF REDUCING SPERM NUMBERS PER INSEMINATION DOSE ON FERTILITY OF CRYOPRESERVED BUFFALO BULL SEMEN

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    S. M. H. ANDRABI, M. SIDDIQUE1, N. ULLAH AND L. A. KHAN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of reducing sperm numbers per insemination dose on fertility of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen. For this purpose, semen was collected at weekly intervals from a Nili-Ravi buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis using an artificial vagina in two batches. The ejaculates were split-sampled and diluted at 37°C with tris-citric acid extender having 15x106 or 30x106 motile spermatozoa/0.5 ml. After dilution, the semen was cooled to 4C, equilibrated for 4 hours, packaged in 0.5 ml straws and frozen in programmable cell freezer. Fertility test based on 75-days first service pregnancy rate was determined under field conditions. A total of 500 buffaloes were inseminated with frozen semen and out of these 431 could be followed, 209 for semen straws packaged with 15x106 spermatozoa/straw and 222 for doses filled with 30x106 spermatozoa/straw. The inseminations were performed in two batches and each batch was spread over a period of three months. The fertility rate for sperm concentration of 15x106 spermatozoa/0.5 ml vs. 30x106 spermatozoa/0.5 ml (49.28 vs. 56.75% was similar (P>0.05. The fertility rates were also similar (P>0.05 in the first and second batch of inseminations performed with 15x106 or 30x106 spermatozoa/0.5 ml straw of cryopreserved semen. In conclusion, reduction of sperm number from 30x106 to 15x106 spermatozoa/0.5 ml dose of insemination did not affect fertility of cryopreserved buffalo bull semen.

  9. Optimal management of complications associated with achondroplasia

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    Irel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Penny J Ireland,1 Verity Pacey,2,3 Andreas Zankl,4 Priya Edwards,1 Leanne M Johnston,5 Ravi Savarirayan6 1Queensland Paediatric Rehabilitation Service, Royal Children’s Hospital, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, 2Physiotherapy Department, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, 3Department of Health Professions, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, 4Genetic Medicine, Children’s Hospital, Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, 5School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, 6Victorian Clinical Genetics Service, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Abstract: Achondroplasia is the most common form of skeletal dysplasia, resulting in disproportionate short stature, and affects over 250,000 people worldwide. Individuals with achondroplasia demonstrate a number of well-recognized anatomical features that impact on growth and development, with a complex array of medical issues that are best managed through a multidisciplinary team approach. The complexity of this presentation, whereby individual impairments may impact upon multiple activity and participation areas, requires consideration and discussion under a broad framework to gain a more thorough understanding of the experience of this condition for individuals with achondroplasia. This paper examines the general literature and research evidence on the medical and health aspects of individuals with achondroplasia and presents a pictorial model of achondroplasia based on The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF. An expanded model of the ICF will be used to review and present the current literature pertaining to the musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiorespiratory, and ear, nose, and throat impairments and complications across the lifespan, with discussion on the impact of these impairments upon activity and participation performance. Further research is required to

  10. Frequent respiratory events in postoperative patients aged 60 years and above

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    Broens SJL

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Suzanne JL Broens,1 Xuan He,1 Rachel Evley,2 Erik Olofsen,1 Marieke Niesters,1 Ravi P Mahajan,2 Albert Dahan,1 Monique van Velzen1 1Department of Anesthesiology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands; 2Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK Abstract: There is limited information on the occurrence of respiratory events in postoperative patients after discharge from the postanesthesia care unit. We studied the respiratory rate (RR of 68 patients aged 60 years and above during the first 6 hours following elective surgery under general anesthesia to assess the frequency of respiratory events in the care unit and on the ward. RR was derived from the continuous RR counter RespiR8, measuring RR by quantifying the humidity of exhaled air. One-minute-averaged RRs were collected and analyzed to assess the frequency of postoperative bradypnea (RR 1–6 breaths/minute and apnea (cessation of inspiratory flow ≥60 seconds. Values were median (interquartile range or mean (SD. The median RR was 13 (10–15 breaths/minute. In the 6-hour postoperative period, 78% and 57% of patients experienced at least one bradypnea or apnea event, respectively. A median of ten (3.5–24 bradypnea and three (1–11 apnea events were detected per patient. The occurrence of respiratory events in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU was a predictor of events on the ward (bradypnea, r2=0.4, P<0.001; apnea, r2=0.2, P<0.001. Morphine consumption correlated weakly with respiratory events in the PACU, but not on the ward. Patients with apnea had significantly larger neck circumference than patients without (39.6 [0.7] versus 37.4 [0.8] cm, P<0.05. Bradypneic or apneic respiratory events are frequent in postoperative elderly patients and even occur relatively late after surgery. Continuous respiratory monitoring on the ward, especially in patients with risk factors, such as early occurrence of events, opioid use, and larger

  11. EFFECT OF UN-DEGRADABLE PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATION ON SEMEN QUALITY OF BUFFALO BULLS UNDER HEAT STRESS CONDITIONS

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    Shafqat Hussain, M.M. Siddiqui and G. Habib

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding un-degradable protein (UDP supplement on the semen quality of buffalo bulls during hot and humid part of summer season in Peshawar. Six Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls maintained at a semen production unit, Peshawar were randomly divided into two equal groups (control and treatment; Both groups were fed a basal diet of maize fodder ( 15 Kg/day/bull and wheat straw (6 Kg/day/bull. Bulls in the control group received 5 kg /day/head of a commercial concentrate while the treatment group was fed 3 Kg commercial concentrate and 1 Kg UDP supplement. Both supplements were iso-nitrogenous and provided 150g nitrogen /head/day. The diets were fed in a switch over design over two periods. Each period lasted for 32 days. One-week adaptation period was allowed at the start of each experimental period. In~sacco protein degradability at 12 hours incubation for commercial concentrate and UDP supplement was 72.87 and 43.46%, respectively. Mean ambient temperature, humidity and temperature-humidity-index were 32.01°C, 66.66% and 84.97, respectively: Semen volume of bulls in the control and treatment groups did not vary and averaged 6.87 ± 0.41 and 7.41 ± 0.56 mI/collection day with a mean sperm concentration of 1004.5 ± 69.06 and 969.14 ± 77.88 xI06/ml, respectively. Number, of defective sperms (head abl1ormalities, mid-piece defects, proximal droplet and tail defects in the control and treatment groups was not different. Feeding of UDP supplement did not influence the blood concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, urea al1d glucose. The absence of UDP effect on semen volume, and quality could be attributed to low thermal stress, feeding small quantity of UDP and less number of replicate bulls used in the present study.

  12. In vitro evaluation of liquid-stored buffalo semen at 5°C diluted in soya lecithin based extender (Bioxcell®), tris-citric egg yolk, skim milk and egg yolk-citrate extenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhter, S; Ansari, M S; Rakha, B A; Ullah, N; Andrabi, S M H; Khalid, M

    2011-02-01

    This study was designed to compare the quality of liquid-stored buffalo bull spermatozoa in soya lecithin based extender Bioxcell(®) (BIOX), milk (MILK), tris-citric egg yolk (TEY) and egg yolk-citrate (EYC) extender at 5°C. Semen was collected from five Nili-Ravi buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bulls of 6-7 years of age with artificial vagina over a period of 3 weeks (two consecutive ejaculates once in a week). Semen ejaculates having more than 60% motility were pooled, split into four aliquots, diluted (37°C; 10 × 10(6) motile spermatozoa/ml), cooled from 37 to 5°C in 2 h (0.275°C/min) and stored for 5 days. Sperm motility, viability, plasma membrane integrity (PMI) and normal acrosomal ridge were studied at first, third and fifth day of storage. Higher values of progressive sperm motility (%), sperm viability (%), sperm PMI (%) and normal apical ridge (%) were observed in BIOX, MILK and TEY extenders at first, third and fifth day of storage than EYC extender. Progressive sperm motility, sperm viability and sperm PMI in BIOX(®) extender were not different from MILK and TEY extenders at 1st and third day storage period. However, at fifth day of storage, the values for these parameters remained significantly higher (p<0.05) in BIOX(®) compared with MILK, TEY and EYC extenders. At fifth day of storage, the semen quality parameters for Bioxcell(®) were comparable to those with MILK and TEY extenders at third day of storage. In conclusion, motility, viability and PMI of buffalo bull spermatozoa remained similar in Bioxcell(®) , milk and TEY extender at first and third days of storage at 5°C. Yet, the values for the aforementioned parameters in Bioxcell(®) were higher compared with milk, TEY and EYC extender at fifth day of storage at 5°C. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  13. RCOF in European region: current status and future perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovsepyan, A.

    2010-09-01

    Regional Climate Outlook Forums are a key component of WMO WCASP/CLIPS activities. The RCOF process pioneered in Africa in late 1990s, since then it spread worldwide, and at present climate outlook forums are being conducted nearly in all regions all over the world. The RCOF brings together experts from a climatologically homogeneous region and provides consensus based climate prediction and information, which has critical socio-economic significance. This information has been applied to reducing climate-related risks and supporting sustainable development. The RCOF process has facilitated a better understanding of the links between the past, current and future evolution of the climate system and its consequences for Members' socio-economic activities. RCOFs have greatly enhanced interactions and exchange of information between providers and users of climate information. In addition, RCOFs contribute substantially to training and capacity building in the regions targeted at. In RA VI the RCOF process was launched in 2008. The South-East European Climate Outlook Forum (SEECOF) mechanism covers mainly countries of South East Europe and Caucasus. Two SEECOFs have been successfully conducted in 2008 and 2009: SEECOF-I took place in Zagreb/Croatia in June 2008 and SEECOF-II was hosted by Hungary, Budapest, in November 2009. SEECOF-III was held as an online COF. Nevertheless, the RCOF mechanism in RA VI still needs substantial support in order to strengthen the process, to better involve the participating countries and users, to sharpen the communication of the consensus forecasts to build trust amongst the user communities, and most importantly to achieve sustainability, which is one of the priority tasks of the RAVI Working Group on Climate and Hydrology (WG CH). Through the Task Team on Regional Climate Outlook Forums (TT RCOF) the WG CH has taken responsibility for the co-ordination of the RCOF process in RA VI, in order to extend it to other parts of RA VI region

  14. Targeting myeloid-derived suppressor cells augments antitumor activity against lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava MK

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Minu K Srivastava,1,2 Li Zhu,1,2 Marni Harris-White,2 Min Huang,1–3 Maie St John,1,3 Jay M Lee,1,3 Ravi Salgia,4 Robert B Cameron,1,3,5 Robert Strieter,6 Steven Dubinett,1–3 Sherven Sharma1–31Department of Medicine, UCLA Lung Cancer Research Program, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 2Molecular Gene Medicine Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, 3Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, 4Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 5Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, 6Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USAAbstract: Lung cancer evades host immune surveillance by dysregulating inflammation. Tumors and their surrounding stromata produce growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines that recruit, expand, and/or activate myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs. MDSCs regulate immune responses and are frequently found in malignancy. In this review the authors discuss tumor-MDSC interactions that suppress host antitumor activities and the authors' recent findings regarding MDSC depletion that led to improved therapeutic vaccination responses against lung cancer. Despite the identification of a repertoire of tumor antigens, hurdles persist for immune-based anticancer therapies. It is likely that combined therapies that address the multiple immune deficits in cancer patients will be required for effective therapy. MDSCs play a major role in the suppression of T-cell activation and they sustain tumor growth, proliferation, and metastases. Regulation of MDSC recruitment, differentiation or expansion, and inhibition of the MDSC suppressive function with pharmacologic agents will be useful in the control of cancer growth and progression. Pharmacologic agents that regulate MDSCs may be more effective when combined with

  15. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  16. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : Eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2012-01-01

    ri v. Grauberg ja Monika Vidman "Viirus", "Tõbised" ning "Ravi"

  17. How Create an Astronomy Outreach Program to Bring Astronomy to Thousands of People at Outdoor Concerts Astronomy Festivals, or Tourist Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald

    2015-08-01

    I describe how to create an astronomy program for thousands of people at outdoor concerts based on my $308,000 NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program (60 events 2009 - 2013), and the Astronomy Festival on the National Mall (AFNM, 10,000 people/yr).MAUS reached 50,000 music lovers at local parks and at the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood Music Festivals with classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts assisted by astronomy clubs. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. AFNM was started in 2010 with co-sponsorship by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. MAUS and AFMN combine solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; large posters/banners; hands-on activities, imaging with a cell phone mount; citizen science activities; hand-outs; and teacher info packet. Representatives from scientific institutions participated. Tyco Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Caroline Herschel made guest appearances.MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large crowds. Young kids participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. While < 50% of the participants took part in a science activity in the past year, they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn more; and increased their interest in science (ave. rating 3.6/4). MAUS is effective in promoting science education!Lessons learned: plan early; create partnerships with parks, concert organizers, and astronomy clubs; test equipment; have backup equipment; create professional displays; select the best location to obtain a largest number of participants; use social media/www sites to promote the events; use many telescopes for multiple targets; project a live image or video; select equipment that is easy to

  18. Music and Astronomy Under The Stars after 4 years and 50,000 People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2013-01-01

    Since 2009 my NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers at the National Mall (co-sponsor OSTP); Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood music festivals; and classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts in parks assisted by astronomy clubs (55 events; 28parks). MAUS combines solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; live image projection; large posters/banners (From the Earth to the Universe and Visions of the Universe); videos; and hands-on activities (Night Sky Network; Harvard-Smithsonian CfA); imaging with a cell phone mount; and hand-outs(with info on science museums, astronomy clubs, and citizen science before and after the concerts or at intermission. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, the McCoy Tyner Quartet, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, the Stanley Clarke Band, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Patti Smith, Tony Orlando, and Ronan Tynan performed at these concerts. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large enthusiastic crowds. Many young children participated in this family learning experience-often the first time they looked through a telescope. Lessons learned: plan early; create partnerships with parks and astronomy clubs; test equipment; have backup equipment; create professional displays; select the best location to obtain a largest number of participants; use media/www sites to promote the events; use many telescopes for multipletargets; project a live image or video; select equipment that is easy to use, store, set-up, and take down; use hands-on astronomy activities; position the displays for maximum visibility (they became teachable moments); and have educator hand-outs. While < 50% of the participants attended a science museum or took part in astronomy programs in the previous year (based on our survey), they found MAUS enjoyable and understandable; learned about astronomy; wanted to learn

  19. MicroRNA activity profile in the ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR3 identifies a proapoptotic effect of miR-23a

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andikyan V

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Vaagn Andikyan,1 Gregory Mullokandov,2 Judith Agudo,2 Ravi Sachidanandam,3,4 David Fishman,1 Alessia Baccarini,2 Brian D Brown2,3 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, 2Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, 3Tisch Cancer Institute, 4Department of Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA Introduction: Molecular profiling has revealed that many microRNAs (miRNAs are highly expressed in ovarian carcinoma. However, it is not yet known which miRNAs are biologically active (ie, they suppress expression of a target gene in ovarian cancer cells. Here we set out to determine the most active miRNAs in ovarian cancer cells. Methods: We performed miRNA molecular profiling by quantitative polymerase chain reaction array, and measured miRNA activity using a library of sensor vectors for 291 different conserved miRNAs. We inhibited miR-23a activity using a lentiviral-based decoy, and measured the percentage of apoptotic cells by flow cytometry. Results: Our miRNA activity profiling identified 54 active miRNAs in OVCAR3 cells, and found that over 150 miRNAs had no detectable activity. To study the function of an active miRNA, we selected miR-23a for further analysis. We inhibited miR-23a in OVCAR3 cells using a decoy vector, and found that there was decreased cell death compared to control (7.4%±1.4% versus 11.2%±0.5%; P<0.05 when the cells were treated with cisplatin. Moreover, the percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly lower in miR-23a inhibited cells compared to control (2.3%±0.4% versus 9.4%±2.6%; P<0.05. Conclusion: This study identifies the active miRNAs in OVCAR3 cells, and suggests that miR-23a may help to regulate chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cells. Keywords: ovarian cancer, OVCAR3, microRNA profiling, miR-23a, apoptosis

  20. Bringing Astronomy Directly to People Who Do Not Come to Star Parties, Science Museums, or Science Festivals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2013-01-01

    My successful programs have included telescope observations, hands-on activities, and edible astronomy demonstrations for: outdoor concerts or music festivals; the National Mall; churches, synagogues, seminaries, or clergy conferences; the Ronald McDonald House of Long Island (New Hyde Park, NY), the Winthrop University Hospital Children’s Medical Center (Mineola, NY); the Fresh Air Fund summer camps; a Halloween star party with costumed kids looking through telescopes; a Super Bowl Star Party; the World Science Festival (NYC); the Princeton University Science and Engineering Expo; the USA Science and Engineering Festival; and the NYC Columbus Day Parade. These outreach activities have reached thousands of people including many young girls. Information was also provided about local science museums, citizen science projects, astronomy educational sites, and astronomy clubs to encourage learning after these events. In 2010 I created Astronomy Night on the National Mall (co-sponsored the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy) with the participation of astronomy clubs, Chandra X-Ray Center, STScI, NASA, NOAO, NSF and the National Air and Space Museum. Since 2009 my NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program has brought astronomy to 50,000 music lovers who attended the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Tanglewood, or Ravinia music festivals or classical, folk, rock, pop, opera, or county-western concerts in local parks assisted by astronomy clubs. MAUS is an evening, nighttime, and cloudy weather traveling astronomy program combining solar, optical, and radio telescope observations; a live image projection system; large outdoor posters and banners; videos; and hands-on activities before and after the concerts or at intermission. Yo-Yo-Ma and the Chicago Symphony or Boston Symphony Orchestras, the McCoy Tyner Quartet with Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, the Stanley Clarke Band, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Patti Smith

  1. Astronomy Outreach for Large, Unique, and Unusual Audiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald

    2015-08-01

    My successful outreach program venues include: outdoor concerts and festivals; the US National Mall; churches, synagogues, seminaries, or clergy conferences; the Ronald McDonald Houses of Long Island and Chicago; the Winthrop U. Hospital Children’s Medical Center the Fresh Air Fund summer camps (low-income and special needs); a Halloween star party (costumed kids look through telescopes); a Super Bowl Star Party (targeting women); Science Festivals (World, NYC; Princeton U.; the USA Science and Engineering Festival); and the NYC Columbus Day Parade. Information was also provided about local science museums, citizen science projects, astronomy educational sites, and astronomy clubs to encourage lifelong learning. In 2010 I created Astronomy Festival on the National Mall (co-sponsored by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy) with the participation of astronomy clubs, scientific institutions and with Tyco Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and Caroline Herschel making guest appearances. My programs include solar, optical, and radio telescope observations, hands-on activities, a live image projection system; large outdoor posters and banners; videos; hands-on activities, and edible astronomy demonstrations.My NASA-funded Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) program (60 events 2009 - 2013) reached 50,000 music lovers at local parks and the Central Park Jazz, Newport Folk, Ravinia, or Tanglewood Music Festivals with classical, folk, pop/rock, opera, Caribbean, or county-western concerts assisted by astronomy clubs. Yo-Yo-Ma, the Chicago and Boston Symphony Orchestras, Ravi Coltrane, Esperanza Spalding, Phish, Blood Sweat and Tears, Deep Purple, Tony Orlando, and Wilco performed at these events. MAUS reached underserved groups and attracted large crowds. Young kids participated in this family learning experience - often the first time they looked through a telescope. While < 50% of the participants took part in a science activity in the past year, they

  2. Spinal cord stimulation for treatment of the pain associated with hereditary multiple osteochondromas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirpuri RG

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ravi G Mirpuri,1 Jereme Brammeier,2 Hamilton Chen,2 Frank PK Hsu,1,3 Vi K Chiu,4 Eric Y Chang1,2,5 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitaiton, 2Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care, 3Department of Neurological Surgery, 4Department of Medicine, 5Reeve-Irvine Research Center for Spinal Cord Injury, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA Objective: Hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO usually presents with neoplastic lesions throughout the skeletal system. These lesions frequently cause chronic pain and are conventionally treated with surgical resection and medication. In cases where conventional treatments have failed, spinal cord stimulation (SCS could be considered as a potential option for pain relief. The objective of this case was to determine if SCS may have a role in treating pain secondary to neoplastic lesions from HMO. Case presentation: We report a 65-year-old female who previously received both surgical and pharmacological interventions for treating HMO neoplastic pain in the lumbar, pelvis, femur, and tibial regions. These interventions either failed to offer significant pain relief or caused excessive lethargy. A SCS trial was then offered with a dual 16-contact lead trial leading to 70%–80% improvement in pain from baseline and 85% reduction in oxycodone IR intake. This was followed by permanent implantation of two 2×8 contact paddle leads (T7–T8 and T9–T10 interspaces. After 8-week follow-up, settings were further optimized resulting in an additional 30% improvement in pain compared to last visit. At 6-month follow-up, the patient reported continued pain relief. Conclusion: This case demonstrates the first successful use of SCS to treat both HMO and nonmalignant neoplastic-related pain. The patient reported pain improvement from baseline, reduced pain medication requirements, and subjective improvement in quality of life. Additionally, this case demonstrates the potential advantage of

  3. Validation of liquid biopsy: plasma cell-free DNA testing in clinical management of advanced non-small cell lung cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veldore VH

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Vidya H Veldore,1,* Anuradha Choughule,2,* Tejaswi Routhu,1 Nitin Mandloi,1 Vanita Noronha,2 Amit Joshi,2 Amit Dutt,3 Ravi Gupta,1 Ramprasad Vedam,1 Kumar Prabhash2 1MedGenome Labs Private Ltd,, Bangalore, India; 2Tata Memorial Centre, Parel, Mumbai, India; 3The Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer, Tata Memorial Center, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Plasma cell-free tumor DNA, or circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA, from liquid biopsy is a potential source of tumor genetic material, in the absence of tissue biopsy, for EGFR testing. Our validation study reiterates the clinical utility of ctDNA next generation sequencing (NGS for EGFR mutation testing in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. A total of 163 NSCLC cases were included in the validation, of which 132 patients had paired tissue biopsy and ctDNA. We chose to validate ctDNA using deep sequencing with custom designed bioinformatics methods that could detect somatic mutations at allele frequencies as low as 0.01%. Benchmarking allele specific real time PCR as one of the standard methods for tissue-based EGFR mutation testing, the ctDNA NGS test was validated on all the plasma derived cell-free DNA samples. We observed a high concordance (96.96% between tissue biopsy and ctDNA for oncogenic driver mutations in Exon 19 and Exon 21 of the EGFR gene. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of the assay were 91.1%, 100% 100%, 95.6%, and 97%, respectively. A false negative rate of 3% was observed. A subset of mutations was also verified on droplet digital PCR. Sixteen percent EGFR mutation positivity was observed in patients where only liquid biopsy was available, thus creating options for targeted therapy. This is the first and largest study from India, demonstrating successful validation of circulating cell-free DNA as a clinically

  4. Comparative Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Various Disinfecta- nts on two Microorganisms and the effect of same on Flexural Strength of Acrylic Denture Base Resin - An In Vitro Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesh, S; Gujjari, Anil Kumar; S, Shylesh Kumar B; B, Ravi M; S, Sowmya; S, Meenakshi

    2013-01-01

    this article: Ganesh S, Gujjari A K, Shylesh K B S, Ravi M B, Sowmya S, Meenakshi S.Comparative Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Various Disinfectants on two Microorganisms and the effect of same on Flexural Strength of Acrylic Denture Base Resin - An In Vitro Study. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(3):55-62. PMID:24155603

  5. Situación del búfalo de agua en Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Rosales Rodríguez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available La historia del búfalo de agua en Costa Rica no es nueva, este animal llegó en el año 1974, gracias a una importación que hizo Japdeva, con el objetivo de incorporar una nueva alternativa de producción animal para el Atlántico costarricense.En esa ocasión, se importó un hato compuesto por dieciocho hembras y dos machos de la raza bufalypso, raza reconocida desde 1963, la cual se formó en Trinidad y Tobago a partir del cruce indiscriminado de las razas Murrah, Jafarabadi, Nagpuri, Surti y Nili-Ravi. El doctor Steven Bennett, creador de esta raza, buscó que los animales fueran bayos o amarillos para diferenciarlos, aunque el color de su piel es variable (negro, amarillento, esta característica aún no se ha fijado (Bourne. 1988.Estos animales se mantuvieron en la Finca Blanco, en Limón, como animales exóticos. Sin embargo, ocho años después, por intereses institucionales, Japdeva decide hacer una distribución de los doscientos veinticinco animales que formaban el hato. Los animales fueron enviados a diferentes instituciones, ubicadas en Bananito, Limón centro, La Bomba, Siquirres, Guápiles, Pococí, Puerto Viejo y Río Frío de Sarapiquí, Santa Clara y Muelle de San Carlos, Upala, Tres Ríos, y Palmar Sur, con el fin de fomentar esta actividad país.Las personas e instituciones que los recibieron, por desconocimiento, los trataron como si fueran vacunos, lo cual generó problemas con el manejo de los animales.Actualmente, se encuentran búfalos de agua en todo el territorio nacional, en su mayoría, con poca orientación en su producción. Pocos productores tienen claro el potencial que ofrece este animal para su explotación para producción de leche, para carga y en algunos terminan en el matadero (Rosales y Wingching, 2007.

  6. Spanish Network on Effects of Wildfires on Soils. The view after 5 years of networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordán, Antonio; Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Cerdà, Artemi

    2013-04-01

    , 2010 and Tenerife, 2012 (the next meeting will be held in Barcelona in 2014). In addition, several contributions, courses and workshops have been celebrated in Spanish or international forums as the EGU General Assembly, the International Meeting of Fire Effects on Soil Properties (FESP2011 and forthcoming FESP2013) and the International Conference on Geomorphology have been also sponsored. Other activities include the publication of book series (two volumes have been published: Cerdá and Jordán, 2010; Cerdà and Mataix-Solera, 2009. The third one is currently in preparation), books of abstracts (Díaz-Raviña et al., 2010; Jordán et al., 2009), a series of technical reports (in preparation) and special issues in international journals (in, for example, Catena, Geoderma, Environmental Research or the International Journal of Wildland Fire). A four-monthly journal (FLAMMA; http://grupo.us.es/fuegored/flamma) is published regularly since 2010 with an increasing audience and issues scheduled until 2014. Also, the network has promoted voluntary environmental actions and educational activities. 4. MAIN CHALLENGES The next challenges are to continue promoting the interaction between scientists, decision makers, forest management staff and end-users and to establish new connections with European institutions and research groups. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Spanish Thematic Network "Effects of Wildfires on Soils" was supported between 2007 and 2009 by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (projects CGL2007-28764-E 2007-2008 and CGL2008-01632-E 2009). REFERENCES Cerdà, A. Jordán, A. (Eds.). 2010. Actualización de Métodos y Técnicas para el Estudio de los Suelos Afectados por Incendios Forestales [Updated methods and techniques for the study of soils affected by wildfires; in Spanish]. Cátedra de Divulgació de la Ciència, Universitat de València, FUEGORED 2010. Valencia. 521 pp. ISBN: 978-84-370-7887-8. Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J. (Eds). 2009. Efectos de los

  7. Channel geometry and discharge estimates for Dao and Niger Valles, Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musiol, S.; van Gasselt, S.; Neukum, G.

    2008-09-01

    Introduction The outflow channels Dao and Niger Valles are located at the eastern rim of the 2000-km diameter Hellas Planitia impact basin, in a transition zone with ancient cratered terrain and the volcanoes Hadriaca and Tyrrhena Patera (Hesperia Planum) on the one hand and fluvial, mass-wasting and aeolian deposits on the other hand [1]. Dao and Niger have alcove-shaped source regions similar to the chaotic terrains found in the Margaritifer Terra region, with flat floors, landslide morphologies and small, chaotically distributed isolated mounds. As [2] pointed out, the intrusion of volcanic material could be responsible for the release of pressurized water that can carry loose material away. This process could than have created a depression and an associated outflow channel. In contrast to [2] who made their calculations for Aromatum Chaos and Ravi Vallis, we have focused on Dao and Niger Valles for investigation, since they are spatially related to the nearby Hadriaca Patera. Heat-triggered outflow events seem likely. We follow the generally accepted assumption that water was the main erosional agent [3]. Furthermore we take into account that multiple floods with different volumes are more likely than a single event because of repressurization of an aquifer [4]. Background Hadriaca Patera Hadriaca Patera is among the oldest central-vent volcanoes on Mars, a low-relief volcano with a central caldera complex which consists predominantly of pyroclastic material. The erosional structure of degraded valleys on its flanks is indicative of dissection by a combination of groundwater sapping and surface runoff, attributed to a hydromagmatic eruption scenario [5]. Dao Vallis Dao Vallis is interpreted as collapse region of volcanic and sedimentary plains that have been eroded by surface and subsurface flow [5]. The approximately radial alignment to Hellas is interpreted as following deep-seated structural weakness zones generated by the impact. Small grabens and fractures

  8. Association between multifocal soft contact lens decentration and visual performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedtke C

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cathleen Fedtke,1 Klaus Ehrmann,1,2 Varghese Thomas,1 Ravi C Bakaraju1,2 1The Brien Holden Vision Institute, Clinical Trial Research Centre, 2School of Optometry and Vision Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the association between decentration of several commercial multifocal soft contact lenses (MFCLs and various objective and subjective visual performance variables in presbyopic and non-presbyopic participants. Materials and methods: All presbyopic (age >40 years, near add ≥+1.25 D and non-presbyopic (age ≥18 years, no near add requirements, spherical equivalent ≤-0.50 D participants were each fitted bilaterally with six and two MFCLs (test lens, respectively, and with one single vision lens (control lens. Lens decentration, ie, the x- and y-differences between the contact lens and pupil centers, was objectively determined. Third-order aberrations were measured and compared. Visual performance (high- and low-contrast acuities and several subjective variables was analyzed for any associations (Pearson’s correlation, r with MFCL decentration. Results: A total of 17 presbyopic (55.1±6.9 years and eight non-presbyopic (31.0±3.3 years participants completed the study. All lenses displayed a temporal–inferior decentration (x=-0.36±0.29 mm, y=-0.28±0.28 mm, mean ± SD. Compared to the control, a significant inferior decentration was found for the Proclear® MFCL Near lens in both groups (ypresbyopic =-0.26 mm, ynon-presbyopic =-0.70 mm and for the Proclear® MFCL Distance lens in the non-presbyopic group (ynon-presbyopic =-0.69 mm. In both groups, lens-induced vertical coma (C(3, -1 was, by at least tenfold, significantly more positive for the Proclear® MFCL Distance lens and significantly more negative for the Proclear® MFCL Near lens. In the presbyopic group, the correlation of total MFCL decentration with vision variables was weak (r<|0

  9. High prevalence of subclass-specific binding and neutralizing antibodies against Clostridium difficile toxins in adult cystic fibrosis sera: possible mode of immunoprotection against symptomatic C. difficile infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monaghan TM

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Tanya M Monaghan,1 Ola H Negm,2,3 Brendon MacKenzie,4 Mohamed R Hamed,2,3 Clifford C Shone,5 David P Humphreys,4 K Ravi Acharya,6 Mark H Wilcox7 1Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre, NIHR Nottingham Digestive Diseases Biomedical Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, 2Breast Surgery Group, Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine, Queen’s Medical Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; 3Medical Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; 4Antibody Biology, UCB-New Medicines, UCB Celltech, Slough, UK; 5Toxins Group, National Infection Service, Public Health England, Salisbury, UK; 6Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, UK; 7Leeds Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Objectives: Despite multiple risk factors and a high rate of colonization for Clostridium difficile, the occurrence of C. difficile infection in patients with cystic fibrosis is rare. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of binding C. difficile toxin-specific immunoglobulin (IgA, IgG and anti-toxin neutralizing antibodies in the sera of adults with cystic fibrosis, symptomatic C. difficile infection (without cystic fibrosis and healthy controls. Methods: Subclass-specific IgA and IgG responses to highly purified whole C. difficile toxins A and B (toxinotype 0, strain VPI 10463, ribotype 087, toxin B from a C. difficile toxin-B-only expressing strain (CCUG 20309 and precursor form of B fragment of binary toxin, pCDTb, were determined by protein microarray. Neutralizing antibodies to C. difficile toxins A and B were evaluated using a Caco-2 cell-based neutralization assay. Results: Serum IgA anti-toxin A and B levels and neutralizing antibodies against toxin A were significantly higher in adult cystic fibrosis patients (n=16 compared with healthy controls (n=17 and

  10. Väike teatmik (Tartu paranoiakriitilise risoomi kohta / A Small Guide to the (Tartu Paranoiac-Critical Rhizome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aare Pilv

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper gives an overview of a network of authors who have been active since the end of the 20th century, mainly (but not only in Tartu. They can be characterized as having an experimental attitude and maintaining distance from the literary mainstream, but at the same time they do not try to be consciously polemical or novatory, because partly they repeat the techniques of the 20th century avant-garde and, what is maybe more important, they sidestep the dialectics of innovating or altering the literary canon. The network is not strictly organized; it is rather a rhizome that has some denser nodes (literary journals and mailing lists. There have been different attempts to name the phenomenon: Tartu avant-garde, microcosmic literature, cognitive realism, Y-literature, "eksp" and so on. I have chosen "paranoiac-critique" as the term that best captures the common characteristics of these authors and their artistic practices (some of the authors are active not only as text writers, but also as conceptual artists.The paper then gives a list, with commentary, of the most important groups and individuals of that movement. In the role of "predecessors" are the group 14NÜ (Paavo Matsin, Mait Laas, Marianne Ravi et al., which also experimented with the format of the book, and a company in Tartu that developed a specific actionist stylistics called "mugiv" (Marko Kompus, Mehis Heinsaar, Martiini, Kaspar et al.. The sovereign figure in the experimental network is Valdur Mikita, who has also academically researched the problems of creativity; he is also a theoretician and metapoet. An important institution for the network has been the literary journal Vihik (initiator Berk Vaher; the later editor of the journal Jaak Tomberg has also participated in activities of the Tartu Theatre Laboratory (managed by Andreas W, which has experimented with "technological theatre". In the middle of the first decade of the 21st century the network has gathered around the

  11. Pulmonary artery to aorta ratio is associated with cardiac structure and functional changes in mild-to-moderate COPD

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    Cuttica MJ

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Michael J Cuttica,1 Surya P Bhatt,2 Sharon R Rosenberg,1 Lauren Beussink,3 Sanjiv J Shah,3 Lewis J Smith,1 Mark T Dransfield,2 Ravi Kalhan1 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 2Division of Pulmonary, Allergy & Critical Care Medicine, University of Alabama-Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 3Division of Cardiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA Background: The ratio of the diameter of the pulmonary artery (PA to the diameter of the aorta (PA:A on computed tomography (CT imaging is associated with both COPD exacerbation and pulmonary hypertension. The mechanisms of PA enlargement in COPD are poorly understood. Methods: In this retrospective, single center study we evaluated pulmonary function, CT scans, right heart catheterizations, and echocardiography in 88 subjects with mild-to-moderately severe COPD. A sensitivity analysis was performed in 43 subjects in whom CT scan and echocardiogram were performed within 50 days of each other. To evaluate the association between PA:A ratio and echocardiographic parameters and hemodynamics, we performed simple correlations and multivariable linear regression analysis adjusting for lung function, age, sex, race, and diastolic function. Results: All subjects had preserved left ventricular (LV systolic function (LV ejection fraction 62.7%±5.5%. Among them, 56.8% had evidence of diastolic dysfunction. There was no association between PA:A ratio and the presence of diastolic dysfunction. In a multivariable model, PA:A ratio was associated with right ventricular (RV chamber size (β=0.015; P<0.003, RV wall thickness (β=0.56; P<0.002, and RV function (–0.49; P=0.05. In the subgroup of subjects with testing within 50 days, the association with RV chamber size persisted (β=0.017; P=0.04, as did the lack of association with diastolic function. PA:A ratio was also associated with elevated PA systolic

  12. Cold Atmosphere Plasma in Cancer Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keidar, Michael

    2012-10-01

    velocity can have important implications in cancer treatment by localizing the affected area of the tissue and by decreasing metastasic development. In addition, cold plasma treatment has affected the cell cycle of cancer cells. In particular, cold plasma induces a 2-fold increase in cells at the G2/M-checkpoint in both papilloma and carcinoma cells at about 24 hours after treatment, while normal epithelial cells (WTK) did not show significant differences. It was shown that reactive oxygen species metabolism and oxidative stress responsive genes are deregulated. We investigated the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) with cold plasma treatment as a potential mechanism for the tumor ablation observed. [4pt] [1] Shashurin A., Shneider M.N., Dogariu A., Miles R.B. and Keidar M. Appl. Phys. Lett. (2010) 96, 171502.[0pt] [2] Shashurin A., Shneider M.N., Keidar M. Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 21 (2012) 034006.[0pt] [3]. M. Keidar, R. Walk, A. Shashurin, P. Srinivasan, A. Sandler, S. Dasgupta , R. Ravi, R. Guerrero-Preston, B. Trink, British Journal of Cancer, 105, 1295-1301, 2011

  13. Prognostic significance of urinary NGAL in chronic kidney disease

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    Patel ML

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Munna Lal Patel,1 Rekha Sachan,2 Ravi Misra,3 Ritul Kamal,4 Radhey Shyam,5 Pushpalata Sachan6 1Department of Medicine, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 3Department of Internal Medicine, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 4Epidemiology Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR, Lucknow, India; 5Department of Geriatric Intensive Care Unit, King George Medical University, Lucknow, India; 6Department of Physiology, Career Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD is a worldwide public health problem. Recently urinary NGAL (uNGAL has been proven to be a useful (potentially ideal biomarker for early detection of CKD. The aim of the present study was to examine the correlation of uNGAL with severity of renal impairment in CKD and to evaluate its prognostic value in these subjects. Methods: This was a prospective study carried out over a period of 24 months in subjects with CKD due to primary chronic glomerulonephritis. New cases of CKD stage II, III, IV aged between 18 and 65 years were enrolled as per KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines 2012. A total of 90 subjects completed the study up to the end-point. The primary follow-up end-point was 18 months, or decreased glomerular filtration rate of less than 15 mL/min. Secondary follow-up end-point was the number of subjects who expired during this period. Results: Multiple regression model of estimated glomerular filtration rate showed significant associations with log uNGAL (β=0.38, P<0.001, Ca×PO4 (β=0.60, P<0.001, hemoglobin (β=0.37, P<0.001, urine protein (β=0.34, P<0.001, serum albumin (β=0.48, P<0.001, and systolic blood pressure (β=0.76, P<0.001. Receiver operator curve for uNGAL considering the progression of CKD showed area under the curve

  14. Ash in fire affected ecosystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Paulo; Jordan, Antonio; Cerda, Artemi; Martin, Deborah

    2015-04-01

    the role of ash in fire affected areas. Acknowledgments The 'Litfire' Project (MIP-048/2011; 181 Pereira) funded by the Lithuanian Research Council, Soil quality, erosion control and plant cover recovery under different post-firemanagement scenarios (POSTFIRE), funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (CGL2013-47862-C2-1-R), Preventing and Remediating Degradation of Soils in Europe Through Land Care (RECARE) funded by the European Commission (FP7-ENV-2013-TWO STAGE) and European Research Project LEDDRA (243857) and COST action ES1306 (Connecting European connectivity research). References Balfour, V.N., Determining wildfire ash saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity with laboratory and field methods. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.01.009 Barreiro, A., Fontúrbel, M.T., Lombao, A., Martín, C., Vega, J.A., Fernández, C., Carballas, T., Díaz-Raviña, M., Using phospholipid fatty acid and community level physiological profiling techniques to characterize soil microbial communities following an experimental fire and different stabilization treatments. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.07.011 Bodi, M., Martin, D.A., Santin, C., Balfour, V., Doerr, S.H., Pereira, P., Cerda, A., Mataix-Solera, J. (2014) Wildland fire ash: production, composition and eco-hydro-geomorphic effects. Earth-Science Reviews, 130, 103-127. Bodí, M.B., Doerr, S.H., Cerdà, A. and Mataix-Solera, J. (2012) Hydrological effects of a layer of vegetation ash on underlying wettable and water repellent soils. Geoderma, 191, 14-23. Burjachs, F., Expósito, I., Charcoal and pollen analysis: examples of Holocene fire dynamics in Mediterranean Iberian Peninsula. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.10.006 Burns, K., Gabet, E., The effective viscosity of slurries laden with vegetative ash. Catena. doi:10.1016/j.catena.2014.06.008 Cerdà, A. Doerr, S.H. (2008). The effect of ash and needle cover on surface runoff and erosion in the immediate post-fire period. Catena, 74 , 256

  15. Reviewer Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    RRachit NegiRadhika MariappanRafiq MirRahul BansalRahul ChaturvediRahul DandekarRahul KatiyarRaihan BoyleRaja JebasinghRajarajan KRajeev BijalwanRajesh GaikwadRajesh GargRajesh KumarRajesh KunwarRajinder SamyalRaju PatilRakesh KakkarRakesh SharmaRam MandalRama SinghR KamathRanganatha S CRanjana SinghRanjeeta KumariRapolu YadagiriRashmi GodeRashmi HullalliRavi AvRavi ShankarRavikiran KamateRavleen BakshiReema KumariReetu SharmaRenu AgarwalRenu ChauhanRenu SulakheRicha SinhaRijul RanjanRijuta PandavRitika TiwariRitu KashyapRochak SaxenaRohit DhakaRuby KhanRuchi DharRuchi JuyalRuchir RustagiRuchita DixitRujul ShuklaRujuta HadayeRupali RoyS C GuptaS D KandpalS MohapatraS SaxenaSachin GuptaSachin PandeySachin YadavSadhana AwasthiJyoti SharmaSaima AkhundSamarjeet KaurSamreen KhanS ChakrabortySandeep BabarSandeep PanigrahiSandip KumarSanjay GuptaSanjay JhaSanjay PandeySanjay TripathiSanjay ZodpeySanjeev DaveySanjeev GuptaSanjeev KhichiSanjeev KumarS VaithiyalingamSarita SoodSatya LenkaS ChakrabortyS VarshneySayani DuttaSayed K MominSeema DiwanSeema JainSenthil Kumar S KShabnam AnsariShailendra KumarShailesh KawaleShailesh SumanShaili VyasShalini DwivediPooransinghShalini SrivastavShanta KhesSharvanan UdayarShashank K JShazia ShafiSheesham AgarwalSheetal PatelSheikh SaleemShereen SadiqShibani DattaShikha HandaShivani KalraShivani RaoShivender SinghShivraj BhimteShraddha MishraShveta SainiShweta RajpalShyam DixitS ShivalliS MukherjeeSimmi OberoiSindhuri RSitanshu KarSmiji ChiramalSmita ValekarSonal RaniSonali ChoudhariSonia TiwariSonu GoelSrikanth ReddyS RanganathanS Krishnan VSrishti DixitSubodh KarmakarSudharshini SubramaniamSudhir ChawlaSudhir GuptaS BhattacharyaSugandha JauhariSujan MarahattaSumana SamantaSumeet DixitSumit DhruveSumit JethaniSunder LalSuneel KaushalSunil GargSunil MisraSunita DhakedSunny AggarwalSuprakas HazraSurabhi MishraSuraj ChawlaSuraj SenjamSuravi PatraSurekha KishoreS TripathiSurya BaliSushil BansalSushil DalalSushil KabraSushil ShuklaSwapan Maji

  16. Editorial: Focus on X-ray Beams with High Coherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Ian; Gruebel, Gerhard; Mochrie, Simon

    2010-03-01

    Williams, H M Quiney, A G Peele and K A Nugent Imaging of complex density in silver nanocubes by coherent x-ray diffraction R Harder, M Liang, Y Sun, Y Xia and I K Robinson Methodology for studying strain inhomogeneities in polycrystalline thin films during in situ thermal loading using coherent x-ray diffraction N Vaxelaire, H Proudhon, S Labat, C Kirchlechner, J Keckes, V Jacques, S Ravy, S Forest and O Thomas Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens Martin Dierolf, Pierre Thibault, Andreas Menzel, Cameron M Kewish, Konstantins Jefimovs, Ilme Schlichting, Konstanze von König, Oliver Bunk and Franz Pfeiffer Dose requirements for resolving a given feature in an object by coherent x-ray diffraction imaging Andreas Schropp and Christian G Schroer FLASH: new opportunities for (time-resolved) coherent imaging of nanostructures R Treusch and J Feldhaus Structure of a single particle from scattering by many particles randomly oriented about an axis: toward structure solution without crystallization? D K Saldin, V L Shneerson, M R Howells, S Marchesini, H N Chapman, M Bogan, D Shapiro, R A Kirian, U Weierstall, K E Schmidt and J C H Spence Analysis of strain and stacking faults in single nanowires using Bragg coherent diffraction imaging V Favre-Nicolin, F Mastropietro, J Eymery, D Camacho, Y M Niquet, B M Borg, M E Messing, L-E Wernersson, R E Algra, E P A M Bakkers, T H Metzger, R Harder and I K Robinson Coherent science at the SwissFEL x-ray laser B D Patterson, R Abela, H-H Braun, U Flechsig, R Ganter, Y Kim, E Kirk, A Oppelt, M Pedrozzi, S Reiche, L Rivkin, Th Schmidt, B Schmitt, V N Strocov, S Tsujino and A F Wrulich Energy recovery linac (ERL) coherent hard x-ray sources Donald H Bilderback, Joel D Brock, Darren S Dale, Kenneth D Finkelstein, Mark A Pfeifer and Sol M Gruner Statistical and coherence properties of radiation from x-ray free-electron lasers E L Saldin, E A Schneidmiller and M V Yurkov Microscopic return point memory in Co

  17. Abstracts from the 15th International Myopia Conference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Benavente-Perez

    2016-11-01

    against form deprivation myopia in chickens, by local signaling within the retina Ladan Ghodsi, William K. Stell O14 Contributions of ON and OFF pathways to emmetropization and form deprivation myopia in mice Machelle T. Pardue, Ranjay Chakraborty, Han na Park, Curran S. Sidhu, P. Michael Iuvone O15 Response of the human choroid to defocus Michael J Collins O16 What can RNA sequencing tell us about myopic sclera? Nethrajeith Srinvasalu, Sally A McFadden, Paul N Baird O17 Overview of dopamine, retinal function, and myopia P. Michael Iuvone O18 The eye as a "robust" optical system and myopia Pablo Artal O19 Effect of discontinuation of orthokeratology lens wear on axial elongation in children Pauline Cho, SW Cheung O20 Myopia prevention in Taiwan Pei-Chang Wu O21 Alternatives to ultraviolet light and riboflavin for in vivo crosslinking of scleral collagen Quan V. Hoang, Sally A. McFadden O22 Absence of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGC alters normal refractive development in mice Ranjay Chakraborty, Duk C. Lee, Erica G. Landis, Michael A. Bergen, Curran Sidhu, Samer Hattar, P. Michael Iuvone, Richard A. Stone, Machelle T. Pardue O23 Scleral micro-RNAs in myopia development and their potential as therapeutic targets Ravi Metlapally O24 Effects of the long-wavelength filtered continuous spectrum on emmetropization in juvenile guinea pigs Ruiqin Li, Qinglin Xu, Hong Zhon, Chenglin Pan, Weizhon Lan, Xiaoning Li, Ling Chen, Zhikuan Yang O25 Ocular and environmental factors associated with eye growth in childhood Scott A. Read O26 Overview- prevention and prediction of myopia and pathologic myopia Seang-Mei Saw O27 New insights into the roles of retinal dopamine in form-deprivation myopia and refractive development in C57BL/6 mice Shi-Jun Weng, Xiao-Hua Wu, Kang-Wei Qian, Yun-Yun Li, Guo-Zhong Xu, Furong Huang, Xiangtian Zhou, Jia Qu, Xiong-Li Yang, Yong-Mei Zhong O28 The effects of the adenosine antagonist, 7-methylxanthine, on refractive development in

  18. Wildland fire ash: future research directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodí, Merche B.; Martins, Deborah A.; Cerdà, Artemi; Balfour, Victoria N.; Santin, Cristina; Doerr, Stefan H.; Pereira, Paulo; Mataix-Solera, Jorge

    2014-05-01

    . Hydrological effects of a layer of vegetation ash on underlying wettable and water repellent soils. Geoderma, 191, 14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.01.006 Bodí, M.B., Muñoz-Santa, I., Armero, C., Doerr, S.H., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A. 2013. Spatial and temporal variations of water repellency and probability of its occurrence in calcareous Mediterranean rangeland soils affected by fires. Catena, 108, 14-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2012.04.002 Bodí, Merche B., Martin, Deborah A., Balfour, Victoria N., Santín, Cristina, Doerr, Stefan H., Pereira, Paulo, Cerdà, Artemi, Mataix-Solera, Jorge, Wildland fire ash: Production, composition and eco-hydro-geomorphic effects, Earth Science Reviews (2014), doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.12.007 Cerdà, A. 1998. Changes in overland flow and infiltration after a rangeland fire in a Mediterranean scrubland. Hydrological Processes, 12, 1031-1042. Cerdà, A. y Doerr, S.H. 2008. The effect of ash and needle cover on surface runoff and erosion in the immediate post-fire period. Catena, 74 , 256- 263. doi:10.1016/S0341-8162(02)00027-9 Dlapa, P., Bodí, M.B., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., &, Doerr, S.H. 2013. FT-IR spectroscopy reveals that ash water repellency is highly dependent on ash chemical composition. Catena, 108, 35-43. Doi:10.1016/j.catena.2012.02.011 Fernández, C., Vega, J. A., Jiménez, E., Vieira, D. C. S., Merino, A., Ferreiro, A., Fonturbel, T. 2012. Seeding and mulching + seeding effects on post-fire runoff, soil erosion and species diversity in Galicia (NW Spain). Land Degradation & Development, 23: 150- 156. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1064 Guénon, R., Vennetier, M., Dupuy, N., Roussos, S., Pailler, A., Gros, R. 2013. Trends in recovery of Mediterranean soil chemical properties and microbial activities after infrequent and frequent wildfires. Land Degradation & Development, 24: 115- 128. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1109 Martín, A., Díaz-Raviña, M., Carballas, T. 2012. Short- and medium-term evolution of soil

  19. Soil erosion after forest fires in the Valencia region

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Pelayo, Óscar; Keizer, Jan Jacob; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    spain. Annales Geophysicae. C531. Martín, A., Díaz-Raviña, M., Carballas, T. 2012. Short- and medium-term evolution of soil properties in Atlantic forest ecosystems affected by wildfires. Land Degradation & Development, 23: 427- 439. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1078 Mataix-Solera, J., Doerr, S.H. 2004. Hydrophobic and aggregate stability in calcareous topsoils from fire-affected pine forest in southeastern Spain. Geoderma 118, 77-88. Mayor, A.G., Bautista, S., Llovet, L., Bellot, J. 2007. Post-fire hydrological and erosional responses of a Mediterranean landscape: Seven years of catchment-scale dynamics. Catena 71, 68-75. Pausas, J.G. 2004. Changes in fire and climate in the eastern Iberian Peninsula (Mediterranean basin). Climatic Change 63: 337-350. Rubio, J.L., Andreu, V., Cerni, R. 1994. A monitoring system for experimental soil erosion plots. In: Rickson, R.J. (Ed.), Conserving Soil Resources: European Perspectives. CAB International, Wallingford, pp. 127-135. Rubio, J.L., Forteza, J., Andreu,V., Cerní, R. 1997. Soil profile characteristics influencing runoff and soil erosion after forest fire: A case of study (Valencia, Spain). Soil Technology 11, 67-78. Sanroque, P., Rubio, J.L., Mansanet, J. 1985. Efectos de los incendios forestales en las propiedades del suelo, en la composición florística y en la erosión hídrica de zonas forestales de Valencia (España). Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 22 (2), 131-147.

  20. Proceedings of the International Cancer Imaging Society (ICIS 16th Annual Teaching Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dow-Mu Koh

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents O1 Tumour heterogeneity: what does it mean? Dow-Mu Koh O2 Skeletal sequelae in adult survivors of childhood cancer Sue Creviston Kaste O3 Locoregional effects of breast cancer treatment Sarah J Vinnicombe O4 Imaging of cancer therapy-induced CNS toxicity Giovanni Morana, Andrea Rossi O5 Screening for lung cancer Christian J. Herold O6Risk stratification of lung nodules Theresa C. McLoud O7 PET imaging of pulmonary nodules Kirk A Frey O8 Transarterial tumour therapy Bernhard Gebauer O9 Interventional radiology in paediatric oncology Derek Roebuck O10 Image guided prostate interventions Jurgen J. Fütterer O11 Imaging cancer predisposition syndromes Alexander J. Towbin O12Chest and chest wall masses Thierry AG Huisman O13 Abdominal masses: good or bad? Anne MJB Smets O14 Hepatobiliary MR contrast: enhanced liver MRI for HCC diagnosis and management Giovanni Morana O15 Role of US elastography and multimodality fusion for managing patients with chronic liver disease and HCC Jeong Min Lee O16 Opportunities and challenges in imaging metastatic disease Hersh Chandarana O17 Diagnosis, treatment monitoring, and follow-up of lymphoma Marius E. Mayerhoefer, Markus Raderer, Alexander Haug O18 Managing high-risk and advanced prostate cancer Matthias Eiber O19 Immunotherapy: imaging challenges Bernhard Gebauer O20 RECIST and RECIST 1.1 Andrea Rockall O21 Challenges of RECIST in oncology imaging basics for the trainee and novice Aslam Sohaib O22 Lymphoma: PET for interim and end of treatment response assessment: a users’ guide to the Deauville Score Victoria S Warbey O23 Available resources Hebert Alberto Vargas O24 ICIS e-portal and the online learning community Dow-Mu Koh O25 Benign lesions that mimic pancreatic cancer Jay P Heiken O26 Staging and reporting pancreatic malignancies Isaac R Francis, Mahmoud, M Al-Hawary, Ravi K Kaza O27 Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm Giovanni Morana O28 Cystic pancreatic tumours Mirko D’Onofrio O

  1. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-08-01

    , Kingdom of Bahrain. The main objective of this paper was to develop a holonomic instructional strategy for Web-based and blended learning. This strategy is guided by the non-linear and interactive features of learning environments. The 15th article from India, on “A Study of Attitude And Perception of The Learners Towards Distance Education In Relation To Their Biographical Factors” written by Samir Kumar LENKA and Ravi KANT, from Maulana Azad National Urdu University. In this study, with the help of one self made tool and a sample of 150 graduate distance learners, it is revealed that gender plays no important role to develop positive attitude and perception. The 16th article arrived from Turkey on “Interaction In Distance Nursing Education” written by Belgin BOZ YUKSEKDAG, Anadolu University, Open Education Faculty, Eskisehir. The purpose of this study is to determine psychiatry nurses’ attitudes toward the interactions in distance nursing education, and also scrunize their attitudes based on demographics and computer/Internet usage. The 17th article arrived to us from India and written by Dhamdhere SANGEETA NAMDEV from Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Ganesh-Khind, Pune, INDIA, on “Ict And Web Technology Based Innovations In Education Sector”. In this study, paper highlights innovation in education sector and libraries and impact of web 2.0 on students, teaching learning process, educational policies. Future 3.0 generation will be discussed in detail. The article is which numbered as 18 from Malaysia. Article is titled as “Cultural Variations In Learning And Learning Styles”, written by Pegah OMIDVAR and Bee Hoon TAN, Department of English Language, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Putra University. This study summarizes results of the existing research on cultural variations in learning styles. Limitations of the existing studies are discussed and some suggestion for future research is proposed. The 19th article is on

  2. Selected Abstracts of the 19th National Congress of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine (Società Italiana di Medicina Perinatale, SIMP; Naples (Italy; January 19-21, 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-01-01

    , T. Palmieri, R. Iazzetta, G. Nazzaro, M. Miranda, M. LocciABS 49. PLACENTAL DISORDERS IN EARLY PRETERM PREMATURE RUPTURE OF MEMBRANES (pPROM. INFLAMMATORY OR VASCULAR DISEASE? • A. Pizzardi, A. Locatelli, S. Cuttin, T. Fedeli, G. Kullman, F. Pescatore, P. VerganiABS 50. EVALUATION OF THE QUANTITATIVE FETAL FIBRONECTIN TEST AND PARTOSURE™ (PLACENTAL ALPHA MICROGLOBULIN-1 [PAMG-1] FOR THE PREDICTION OF SPONTANEOUS PRETERM BIRTH (SPTB IN PATIENTS WITH SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS SUGGESTIVE OF PRETERM LABOR • M. Ravi, M. Beljorie, K. EL MasryABS 51. THE ROLE OF PARTOSURE™ TEST IN PREDICTING IMMINENT PRETERM BIRTH • E. Salzano, G. Nazzaro, M. Miranda, T. Palmieri, R. Iazzetta, M. LocciABS 52. PRETERM BEHAVIORAL EPIGENETICS: SLC6A4 METHYLATION AND SOCIO-EMOTIONAL STRESS REGULATION IN VERY PRETERM INFANTS • L. Provenzi, M. Fumagalli, R. Giorda, U. Pozzoli, F. Morandi, S. Beri, I. Sirgiovanni, G. Menozzi, F. Mosca, R. Montirosso, R. BorgattiABS 53. SAFETY OF LUMBAR PUNCTURE IN EXTREMELY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT (ELBW INFANTS: INSIGHTS FROM A SINGLE ITALIAN NICU CENTER • F.M. Risso, E. Castagnola, R. Bandettini, C. Bellini, L. Pagani, L.A. RamenghiABS 54. ANNULAR PANCREAS AS A RARE CAUSE OF DUODENAL ATRESIA • S. Cornacchione, M. Tei, C. Fommei, S. Negro, R. Angotti, E. Bindi, F. Molinaro, M. Messina, M. Torricelli, F.M. Severi, B. TomasiniABS 55. CONGENITAL HEPATIC ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION BREAKING OUT PERSISTENT PULMONARY HYPERTENSION • C. Fommei, S. Cornacchione, M. Tei, S. Negro, S. Cecchi, S. Zani, M.A. Centra, B. TomasiniABS 56. TRANSPORT OF HIGH RISK NEONATES IN THE SOUTH–EAST AREA OF TUSCANY • M. Tei, S. Cornacchione, C. Fommei, S. Cecchi, S. Negro, S. Bertrando, G. Stazzoni, S. Zani, B. TomasiniABS 57. α-LIPOIC ACID AS MAINTENANCE THERAPY IN PATIENTS TREATED FOR PRETERM BIRTH • E. Salzano, R. Iazzetta, T. Palmieri, G. Nazzaro, M. Miranda, M. LocciABS 58. FACTORS RELATED TO PERINATAL AND NEONATAL OUTCOMES OF LATE PRETERM (LP BABIES: A MULTICENTER