WorldWideScience

Sample records for viennese files showing

  1. Viennese Memories of History and Horrors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagmar C. G. Lorenz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available World cities, including Vienna, are notorious for their crime history and for the imaginary crimes in fiction and film associated with them. The works of authors such as Musil, Canetti, Doderer, Jelinek, and Rabinovici, and Reed's film The Third Man portray Vienna as a setting of crimes. "Conventional" crimes in literature and films include serial murders, crimes of passion, as well as underworld and gangster activities. These crimes pale in comparison with the crimes committed during the Nazi era and covered up thereafter. Aichinger in "Strassen und Plätze" calls to mind atrocities that occurred at different locations in Vienna. Only recently such crime sites have been marked by memorial plates. This new culture of memory counteracts the collective amnesia of the postwar era. The article explores Vienna's rivaling memories. The tourist industry casts Vienna as the city of dreams and waltzes, and critical literature portrays it as the city where the deportation of Jews was implemented even faster and more thoroughly than in Germany. Literary and autobiographical works by Viennese authors of different generations, e.g. Spiel, Aichinger, Beckermann, and Schindel reveal the ambivalence of Viennese forgetting and commemorating.

  2. 78 FR 34370 - Revisions to Electric Quarterly Report Filing Process; Notice of Availability of Video Showing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... processes for filing EQRs allows an EQR seller and its agent to file using a web interface that generally replicates the Commission-distributed software used currently. A video showing how EQRs can be filed using...

  3. THE FUNCTIONS OF VIENNESE DIALECT IN THE WORKS OF MODERN AUSTRIAN FICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chukshis Vadim Andreevich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The problem of definition of linguistic status of the Austrian dialects and their functions in Austrian fiction continues to preserve the academic value. The main peculiarities of Viennese dialect are given, the conclusions of its status among the other Austrian dialects are made in the article, the characteristic features of the functions of the Viennese dialect are given in the works of Austrian fiction. The author of the article proceeds from the position that the Viennese dialect is the important stylistic means and makes the conclusion about its functions in the works of Austrian fiction. Three novels and one story of modern Austrian writers have been selected for the analysis: H. Anderle (The Worthy Funeral. The Mortal Histories, E. Menasse (Vienna, F. Nabl (Edhof, P Campa (The Second Travel. The article studies four functions of Viennese dialect based on the research of the texts of the Austrian fiction works. The analysis based on the utterances of the heroes helped to prove that Austrian writers use the Viennese dialect as 1 means of marking the regional characteristics; 2 means of marking the age; 3 means of marking the social type and 4 means of emotions expression. The research of the speech of the heroes permitted to reveal the most common Viennese words and expressions and demonstrate their role in the texts not only as the means of creating the speech portrait of the heroes but only the markers of the originality of modern Austrian German.

  4. The Viennese students of Civilization : Humility, Culture and Economics in Interwar Vienna and Beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Dekker (Erwin)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Nederlandse Samenvatting__ De markt is bij uitstek de plek waar het individu vrij kan zijn. Dat is ook het standaardbeeld van het gedachtegoed van de Oostenrijkse School van de Economie. In zijn dissertatie ‘The Viennese students of Civilization: Humility, Culture and Economics

  5. [170 years of struggle of the Viennese physicians for hygienically safe drinking water].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flamm, Heinz

    2010-04-01

    Discussions in the Society of Physicians in Vienna about the connection between water contamination and typhoid outbreaks began in 1838. The basis of the water supply at that time was house wells partly drawing contaminated ground water and for a limited area the Kaiser-Ferdinand-Pipeline was useful. After many investigations on quantities and qualities of possible water sources and controversial discussions between Viennese politicians and the Society of Physicians, the latter strictly turned down the usage of surface water. In October 1865 the Society demanded that the source Kaiserbrunn in the Höllental and two other sources nearby in the Limestone Alps should be used for the Viennese water supply. After initial opposition in the municipal council and an outbreak of cholera in Vienna, the erection of the 1st Viennese Mountain-source Water Pipeline was started and the Pipeline was opened in 1873. Because of its insufficient quantity of water for the growing town the Society of Physicians became active again, supported by the Institute of hygiene founded in 1875. This resulted in the erection of the 2nd Viennese Mountain-source Water Pipeline, which was opened in 1910. A threat which had to be met were repeated plans for tourist developments.

  6. A time-motion analysis of turns performed by highly ranked viennese waltz dancers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosen, Jerneja; James, Nic; Dimitriou, Lygeri; Perš, Janez; Vučković, Goran

    2013-01-01

    Twenty-four dance couples performing at the 2011 IDSF (International DanceSport Federation) International Slovenia Open were divided into two groups: the first twelve placed couples (top ranked) and the last twelve placed couples (lower ranked). Video recordings were processed automatically using computer vision tracking algorithms under operator supervision to calculate movement parameters. Time and speed of movement were analysed during single natural (right) and reverse (left) turns performed during the Viennese waltz. Both top and lower ranked dancers tended to perform similar proportionate frequencies of reverse (≈ 35%) and natural (≈ 65%) turns. Analysis of reverse turns showed that the top ranked dancers performed less turns on a curved trajectory (16%) than the lower ranked dancers (33%). The top ranked couples performed all turns at similar speeds (F = 1.31, df = 3, p = 0.27; mean = 2.09m/s) all of which were significantly quicker than the lower ranked couples (mean = 1.94m/s), the greatest differences found for reverse turns (12.43% faster for curved trajectories, 8.42% for straight trajectories). This suggests that the ability to maintain a high speed in the more difficult turns, particularly the reverse turns on a curved trajectory, results in the overall dance appearing more fluent as the speed of movement does not fluctuate as much. This aspect of performance needs to be improved by lower ranked dancers if they wish to improve rating of their performance. Future research should determine which factors relate to the speed of turns.

  7. The stars, the moon, and the shadowed earth: Viennese astronomy in the fifteenth century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, James Steven

    This dissertation is a study of astronomy at the University of Vienna from the beginning of the fifteenth century through the career of Johannes Regiomontanus (d. 1476), the university's most celebrated astronomer. Regiomontanus and his mentor Georg Peurbach (d. 1461) established a framework for the practice of astronomy, including the linkage of cosmology to astronomy, attempts to correct the errors and ambiguities of the medieval astronomical tradition, a renewed interest in Ptolemy's Almagest , and a program of observations intended as a basis for the reform of planetary tables and models, that remained in place for the more celebrated astronomical achievements of the following century. This study traces the roots of this framework to astronomical teaching at the University of Vienna in the first half of the fifteenth century, as well as its expansion by Regiomontanus as he moved from Vienna to Italy, Hungary, and Germany. Chapter One provides background for the reader unfamiliar with medieval, Ptolemaic astronomy, and also argues that the shift described in the next chapter was, in part, motivated by astrological concerns. Chapter Two demonstrates that, by the middle of the fifteenth century, Viennese astronomy had come to incorporate a significant element of Aristotelian cosmology. Chapter Three examines fourteenth- and fifteenth-century responses to the Theorica planetarum , the most common astronomical teaching text at medieval universities, arguing that university astronomers were capable of identifying and addressing problems with the Theorica in a sophisticated manner. Chapter Four argues that the seemingly contradictory aspects of Regiomontanus's astronomical career can be understood as all contributing to a program of reform that encompassed both the correction of astronomical tables on the basis of new and comprehensive observations as well as the construction of homocentric planetary models to replace the venerable Ptolemaic system. Chapter Five shows

  8. Changes in water and land: the reconstructed Viennese riverscape from 1500 to the present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohensinner, Severin; Lager, Bernhard; Sonnlechner, Christoph; Haidvogl, Gertrud; Gierlinger, Sylvia; Schmid, Martin; Krausmann, Fridolin; Winiwarter, Verena

    Medieval Vienna was situated at the main arm of the swiftly flowing alpine Danube. From the fourteenth century onwards, the river gradually moved away from the city. This marked the beginning of 500 years of human intervention to prevent further displacement of the river and to preserve the waterway as a vital supply line. Archival research and the GIS-based reconstruction of the past riverscape allow a new view about the co-evolution of the city and the river. Following major channel changes in 1565/1566, repeated attempts to force the main arm into the old river bed were undertaken. By the early seventeenth century, the Viennese had accepted the new situation. Resources were now spent on maintaining the waterway to the city via the remaining Wiener arm . After the second Ottoman siege in 1683, improving the navigability of the Wiener arm , in conjunction with major expansions of the fortifications, became the main issue. Between 1775 and 1792, the first systematic, effective flood protection measures were established. These substantially influenced fluvial dynamics and enabled urban development in parts of the former floodplain. The all-embracing transformation of the dynamic riverscape into stabilised areas enabling urban growth and secure waterways was not achieved until 1875. With this successful "re-invention" of the Viennese Danube, an irreversible path was struck in the common life of the city and the river, a path which is still decisive for the interaction of Vienna with that great European river.

  9. A Viennese Project in Valpovo (Croatia. Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Valpovo and Baroque Churches with Two-Bay Naves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat-Levaj, Katarina

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary in Valpovo (1733–1736, exceptional both in its spatial organization and the design of its exterior, was constructed in specific circumstances in the aftermath of the liberation of Slavonia from the Ottoman occupation. The old lands of Valpovo, with the medieval fort of Morović, were, in accordance with the Habsburg politics, given as a feud to Baron Hilleprand by Charles VI. The baron initiated the construction of a monumental parish church on his estate by commissioning its design in Vienna, as evidenced by the rich archival material on Hilleprand's property housed at the State Archive in Osijek. In keeping with the provenance of its design, the church was built as a monumental structure consisting of a two-bay nave covered with domical vaults and flanked by a narrower semicircular groin-vaulted sanctuary and a facade belfry. The type represented by the church in Valpovo – single-aisled structure with two bays – was a sort of innovation by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, inspired by the famous church of San Fedele in Milan (1569 and often used by Hildebrandt in his own church projects built under the patronage of high Austrian nobility, such as the parish church in Seelowitz in Moravia (1722–27 with an integrated facade belfry, or the parish churches in Aspersdorf (1730, Stranzendorf (1733 and Großstelzendorf (1735–37. This architectural type was adopted and further developed by Hildebrandt's contemporaries, especially his immediate follower Franz Anton Pilgram, a Viennese architect whose design for the parish church in Münchendorf (1740 shows great similarity with the Valpovo church, both in its proportions and in the treatment of details. All this is hardly surprising if one keeps in mind the Viennese origin and the courtly status of the commissioner and donor of the parish church in Valpovo. It took more than two decades for the spatial features of this church to

  10. Migration background is associated with caries in Viennese school children, even if parents have received a higher education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvikl, Barbara; Haubenberger-Praml, Gertraud; Drabo, Petra; Hagmann, Michael; Gruber, Reinhard; Moritz, Andreas; Nell, Andrea

    2014-05-09

    A low level of education and the migration background of parents are associated with the development of caries in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a higher educational level of parents can overcome risks for the development of caries in immigrants in Vienna, Austria. The educational level of the parents, the school type, and the caries status of 736 randomly selected twelve-year-old children with and without migration background was determined in this cross sectional study. In children attending school in Vienna the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index was determined. For statistical analysis, a mixed negative-binomial-model was used. The caries status of the children with migration background was significantly worse compared to that of the native Viennese population. A significant interaction was found between migration background and the educational level of the parents (p = 0.045). No interaction was found between the school type and either the migration background (p = 0.220) or the education level of the parents (p = 0.08). In parents with a higher scholarly education level, migration background (p education level, however, migration background and school type had no significant association with DMFT values. These data indicate that children with a migration background are at higher risk to acquire caries than other Viennese children, even when the parents have received a higher education.

  11. Impact of mother tongue and gender on overweight, obesity and extreme obesity in 24,989 Viennese children/adolescents (2-16 years).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segna, Daniel; Widhalm, Harald; Pandey, Maitrayee P; Zehetmayer, Sonja; Dietrich, Sabine; Widhalm, Kurt

    2012-11-01

    The present survey aims at determining the prevalence of extreme obesity (defined as a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 99.5th percentile) for the first time in Austria and at investigating the relationship between weight status and mother tongue in a representative Viennese sample of 24,989 children and adolescents (2-16 years) with a percentage of approximately 46 % of migration background.Directly measured anthropometric data on body weight and height were collected and BMI was calculated. Prevalence of overweight, obesity and extreme obesity was determined for every subgroup according to mother tongue using the German national reference criteria by Kromeyer-Hauschild et al.In this sample, 2.1 % of all children and adolescents had to be classified as being extremely obese. More boys (2.3 %) than girls (1.9 %) suffered from extreme obesity (p = 0.048). Total 1.7 % of children and adolescents with German as their native language, 2.5 % of Turkish native speakers and 2.9 % of children and adolescents with another mother tongue were extremely obese (p ≤ 0.001). The highest prevalence of overweight or obesity was found in Turkish-native-speaking children and adolescents (p ≤ 0.001), whereas the lowest one was found in German-native-speaking children and adolescents (p ≤ 0.001).This large study clearly shows that extreme obesity is a common disease and largely neglected. Apparently, another native language than German, as an indicator for a migration background, may be associated with a substantially higher probability for the development of extreme obesity in Vienna, Austria. Thus, effective preventive measures to overcome obesity are urgently needed.

  12. [Towards the Files. Psychoanalysis and its publishing house strategies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windgätter, Christof

    2009-09-01

    The following case study deals with the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag, founded 1919 in Vienna by a group around Sigmund Freud and shut down in 1938 by the Gestapo. During that time the Verlag published the titles of the contemporary psychoanalytic movement, including the first psychoanalytic dictionary, the Almanach as a yearbook, the four authoritative journals, as well as the first complete edition of Freud's writings. A single publishing house became thus responsible for the appearance of an entire theory--a unique situation without historical comparison. My thesis here is that the Verlag initiated certain strategies of publicising (e.g. centralising the movement, enforcing the company's name, labelling its activities) that were, prior to arguments and contents, constitutive for the development of psychoanalysis as well as its implementation within the field of science. Consequently, these strategies cannot be found through interpretations of psychoanalytical texts, but in the genuine files and in view of the material products (books, journals, blurbs, advertisements etc.) that were passed down from the Verlag. As an opening step, this essay explores several of those Viennese files, showing that the Verlag not only struggled with monetary and personal problems but rather and foremost launched branding, marketing and public relation campaigns as key concepts to make sciences and its particular knowledge acceptable. As a result the Verlag changed from a commercial and distributive institution to an epistemic medium.

  13. Plagiarism prevention challenging writing didactics. An account from the writing center at the FHWien, the University of Applied Sciences of the Viennese Economic Chamber

    OpenAIRE

    Fenzl, R; Miglar, K

    2015-01-01

    Plagiarism could be defined as the unlawful use of the intellectual property of others, e.g. when the original source of literature is not correctly cited in a paper. Colleges and universities are obliged to sanction plagiarism. Moreover they have the duty to prevent plagiarism in the first place.The focus of the academic writing center of the FHWien of the Viennese Economic Chamber is to prevent students from the temptations and risks of plagiarism. The center provides assistance for the eff...

  14. Long term file migration. Part I: file reference patterns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.J.

    1978-08-01

    In most large computer installations, files are moved between on-line disk and mass storage (tape, integrated mass storage device) either automatically by the system or specifically at the direction of the user. This is the first of two papers which study the selection of algorithms for the automatic migration of files between mass storage and disk. The use of the text editor data sets at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) computer installation is examined through the analysis of thirteen months of file reference data. Most files are used very few times. Of those that are used sufficiently frequently that their reference patterns may be examined, about a third show declining rates of reference during their lifetime; of the remainder, very few (about 5%) show correlated interreference intervals, and interreference intervals (in days) appear to be more skewed than would occur with the Bernoulli process. Thus, about two-thirds of all sufficiently active files appear to be referenced as a renewal process with a skewed interreference distribution. A large number of other file reference statistics (file lifetimes, interference distributions, moments, means, number of uses/file, file sizes, file rates of reference, etc.) are computed and presented. The results are applied in the following paper to the development and comparative evaluation of file migration algorithms. 17 figures, 13 tables

  15. ACONC Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — ACONC files containing simulated ozone and PM2.5 fields that were used to create the model difference plots shown in the journal article. This dataset is associated...

  16. 831 Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA-831 file is a collection of initial and reconsideration adjudicative level DDS disability determinations. (A few hearing level cases are also present, but the...

  17. Identifiable Data Files - Denominator File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Denominator File combines Medicare beneficiary entitlement status information from administrative enrollment records with third-party payer information and GHP...

  18. A Metadata-Rich File System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ames, S; Gokhale, M B; Maltzahn, C

    2009-01-07

    Despite continual improvements in the performance and reliability of large scale file systems, the management of file system metadata has changed little in the past decade. The mismatch between the size and complexity of large scale data stores and their ability to organize and query their metadata has led to a de facto standard in which raw data is stored in traditional file systems, while related, application-specific metadata is stored in relational databases. This separation of data and metadata requires considerable effort to maintain consistency and can result in complex, slow, and inflexible system operation. To address these problems, we have developed the Quasar File System (QFS), a metadata-rich file system in which files, metadata, and file relationships are all first class objects. In contrast to hierarchical file systems and relational databases, QFS defines a graph data model composed of files and their relationships. QFS includes Quasar, an XPATH-extended query language for searching the file system. Results from our QFS prototype show the effectiveness of this approach. Compared to the defacto standard, the QFS prototype shows superior ingest performance and comparable query performance on user metadata-intensive operations and superior performance on normal file metadata operations.

  19. HUD GIS Boundary Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The HUD GIS Boundary Files are intended to supplement boundary files available from the U.S. Census Bureau. The files are for community planners interested in...

  20. Show-Bix &

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The anti-reenactment 'Show-Bix &' consists of 5 dias projectors, a dial phone, quintophonic sound, and interactive elements. A responsive interface will enable the Dias projectors to show copies of original dias slides from the Show-Bix piece ”March på Stedet”, 265 images in total. The copies are...

  1. DICOM supported sofware configuration by XML files

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LucenaG, Bioing Fabian M; Valdez D, Andres E; Gomez, Maria E; Nasisi, Oscar H

    2007-01-01

    A method for the configuration of informatics systems that provide support to DICOM standards using XML files is proposed. The difference with other proposals is base on that this system does not code the information of a DICOM objects file, but codes the standard itself in an XML file. The development itself is the format for the XML files mentioned, in order that they can support what DICOM normalizes for multiple languages. In this way, the same configuration file (or files) can be use in different systems. Jointly the XML configuration file generated, we wrote also a set of CSS and XSL files. So the same file can be visualized in a standard browser, as a query system of DICOM standard, emerging use, that did not was a main objective but brings a great utility and versatility. We exposed also some uses examples of the configuration file mainly in relation with the load of DICOM information objects. Finally, at the conclusions we show the utility that the system has already provided when the edition of DICOM standard changes from 2006 to 2007

  2. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file consists of two data files, one for CLIA labs and one for 18 other provider types. The file names are CLIA and OTHER. If downloading the file, note it...

  3. Talk Show Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Mitzi Ruth

    1992-01-01

    Proposes having students perform skits in which they play the roles of the science concepts they are trying to understand. Provides the dialog for a skit in which hot and cold gas molecules are interviewed on a talk show to study how these properties affect wind, rain, and other weather phenomena. (MDH)

  4. Physics Reality Show

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erukhimova, Tatiana

    The attention span of K-12 students is very short; they are used to digesting information in short snippets through social media and TV. To get the students interested in physics, we created the Physics Reality Show: a series of staged short videos with duration no longer than a few minutes. Each video explains and illustrates one physics concept or law through a fast-paced sequence of physics demonstrations and experiments. The cast consists entirely of physics undergraduate students with artistic abilities and substantial experience in showing physics demonstrations at current outreach events run by the department: Physics Shows and Physics & Engineering Festival. Undergraduate students are of almost the same age as their high-school audience. They are in the best position to connect with kids and convey their fascination with physics. The PI and other faculty members who are involved in the outreach advise and coach the cast. They help students in staging the episodes and choosing the most exciting and relevant demonstrations. Supported by the APS mini-outreach Grant.

  5. Not a "reality" show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wrong, Terence; Baumgart, Erica

    2013-01-01

    The authors of the preceding articles raise legitimate questions about patient and staff rights and the unintended consequences of allowing ABC News to film inside teaching hospitals. We explain why we regard their fears as baseless and not supported by what we heard from individuals portrayed in the filming, our decade-long experience making medical documentaries, and the full un-aired context of the scenes shown in the broadcast. The authors don't and can't know what conversations we had, what documents we reviewed, and what protections we put in place in each televised scene. Finally, we hope to correct several misleading examples cited by the authors as well as their offhand mischaracterization of our program as a "reality" show.

  6. UPIN Group File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Group Unique Physician Identifier Number (UPIN) File is the business entity file that contains the group practice UPIN and descriptive information. It does NOT...

  7. Showing Value (Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available When Su Cleyle and I first decided to start Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, one of the things we agreed upon immediately was that the journal be open access. We knew that a major obstacle to librarians using the research literature was that they did not have access to the research literature. Although Su and I are both academic librarians who can access a wide variety of library and information literature from our institutions, we belong to a profession where not everyone has equal access to the research in our field. Without such access to our own body of literature, how can we ever hope for practitioners to use research evidence in their decision making? It would have been contradictory to the principles of evidence based library and information practice to do otherwise.One of the specific groups we thought could use such an open access venue for discovering research literature was school librarians. School librarians are often isolated and lacking access to the research literature that may help them prove to stakeholders the importance of their libraries and their role within schools. Certainly, school libraries have been in decline and the use of evidence to show value is needed. As Ken Haycock noted in his 2003 report, The Crisis in Canada’s School Libraries: The Case for Reform and Reinvestment, “Across the country, teacher-librarians are losing their jobs or being reassigned. Collections are becoming depleted owing to budget cuts. Some principals believe that in the age of the Internet and the classroom workstation, the school library is an artifact” (9. Within this context, school librarians are looking to our research literature for evidence of the impact that school library programs have on learning outcomes and student success. They are integrating that evidence into their practice, and reflecting upon what can be improved locally. They are focusing on students and showing the impact of school libraries and

  8. PCF File Format.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoreson, Gregory G [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-08-01

    PCF files are binary files designed to contain gamma spectra and neutron count rates from radiation sensors. It is the native format for the GAmma Detector Response and Analysis Software (GADRAS) package [1]. It can contain multiple spectra and information about each spectrum such as energy calibration. This document outlines the format of the file that would allow one to write a computer program to parse and write such files.

  9. Text File Comparator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotler, R. S.

    1983-01-01

    File Comparator program IFCOMP, is text file comparator for IBM OS/VScompatable systems. IFCOMP accepts as input two text files and produces listing of differences in pseudo-update form. IFCOMP is very useful in monitoring changes made to software at the source code level.

  10. Optimal file-bundle caching algorithms for data-grids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Otoo, Ekow; Rotem, Doron; Romosan, Alexandru

    2004-04-24

    The file-bundle caching problem arises frequently in scientific applications where jobs need to process several files simultaneously. Consider a host system in a data-grid that maintains a staging disk or disk cache for servicing jobs of file requests. In this environment, a job can only be serviced if all its file requests are present in the disk cache. Files must be admitted into the cache or replaced in sets of file-bundles, i.e. the set of files that must all be processed simultaneously. In this paper we show that traditional caching algorithms based on file popularity measures do not perform well in such caching environments since they are not sensitive to the inter-file dependencies and may hold in the cache non-relevant combinations of files. We present and analyze a new caching algorithm for maximizing the throughput of jobs and minimizing data replacement costs to such data-grid hosts. We tested the new algorithm using a disk cache simulation model under a wide range of conditions such as file request distributions, relative cache size, file size distribution, etc. In all these cases, the results show significant improvement as compared with traditional caching algorithms.

  11. Design and Implementation of a Metadata-rich File System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ames, S; Gokhale, M B; Maltzahn, C

    2010-01-19

    Despite continual improvements in the performance and reliability of large scale file systems, the management of user-defined file system metadata has changed little in the past decade. The mismatch between the size and complexity of large scale data stores and their ability to organize and query their metadata has led to a de facto standard in which raw data is stored in traditional file systems, while related, application-specific metadata is stored in relational databases. This separation of data and semantic metadata requires considerable effort to maintain consistency and can result in complex, slow, and inflexible system operation. To address these problems, we have developed the Quasar File System (QFS), a metadata-rich file system in which files, user-defined attributes, and file relationships are all first class objects. In contrast to hierarchical file systems and relational databases, QFS defines a graph data model composed of files and their relationships. QFS incorporates Quasar, an XPATH-extended query language for searching the file system. Results from our QFS prototype show the effectiveness of this approach. Compared to the de facto standard, the QFS prototype shows superior ingest performance and comparable query performance on user metadata-intensive operations and superior performance on normal file metadata operations.

  12. Source Reference File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This file contains a national set of names and contact information for doctors, hospitals, clinics, and other facilities (known collectively as sources) from which...

  13. Patient Assessment File (PAF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Patient Assessment File (PAF) database compiles the results of the Patient Assessment Instrument (PAI) questionnaire filled out for intermediate care Veterans...

  14. JENDL FP decay data file 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katakura, Jun-ichi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Yoshida, Tadashi [Musashi Inst. of Tech., Tokyo (Japan); Oyamatsu, Kazuhiro [Aichi Shukutoku Univ., Nagakute, Aichi (Japan); Tachibana, Takahiro [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan)

    2001-07-01

    A decay data file of fission product (FP) nuclides has been developed for the use in nuclear technology field as one of special purpose files of JENDL (Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library) in the format of ENDF/B and it is called JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000. The file includes the decay data for 1229 fission product nuclides: 142 stable and 1087 unstable nuclides. The data included for a nuclide are decay modes, their Q values and branching ratios, average decay energy values of beta-rays, gamma-rays and alpha-particles and their spectral data. The primary source of the decay data is ENSDF (Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File), which is the internationally recognized data file of nuclear structure properties. The data in ENSDF, however, cover only measured ones. The data of the short-lived nuclides needed for the application fields such as decay heat prediction are often incomplete or not measured because of their short half-lives. For such nuclides a theoretical model calculation is applied to derive the needed data such as average decay energies and spectral data. The data in JENDL FP Decay Data File 2000 have been tested by summation calculation comparing its results with measured data of decay heat values and aggregate fission product spectra of various fissioning nuclei. The comparison showed good agreement between the calculated results and the measured values. (author)

  15. 76 FR 62092 - Filing Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Filing Procedures AGENCY: International Trade Commission. ACTION: Notice of issuance of Handbook on Filing Procedures. SUMMARY: The United States International Trade Commission (``Commission'') is issuing a Handbook on Filing Procedures to replace its Handbook on Electronic...

  16. Apically extruded dentin debris by reciprocating single-file and multi-file rotary system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De-Deus, Gustavo; Neves, Aline; Silva, Emmanuel João; Mendonça, Thais Accorsi; Lourenço, Caroline; Calixto, Camila; Lima, Edson Jorge Moreira

    2015-03-01

    This study aims to evaluate the apical extrusion of debris by the two reciprocating single-file systems: WaveOne and Reciproc. Conventional multi-file rotary system was used as a reference for comparison. The hypotheses tested were (i) the reciprocating single-file systems extrude more than conventional multi-file rotary system and (ii) the reciprocating single-file systems extrude similar amounts of dentin debris. After solid selection criteria, 80 mesial roots of lower molars were included in the present study. The use of four different instrumentation techniques resulted in four groups (n = 20): G1 (hand-file technique), G2 (ProTaper), G3 (WaveOne), and G4 (Reciproc). The apparatus used to evaluate the collection of apically extruded debris was typical double-chamber collector. Statistical analysis was performed for multiple comparisons. No significant difference was found in the amount of the debris extruded between the two reciprocating systems. In contrast, conventional multi-file rotary system group extruded significantly more debris than both reciprocating groups. Hand instrumentation group extruded significantly more debris than all other groups. The present results yielded favorable input for both reciprocation single-file systems, inasmuch as they showed an improved control of apically extruded debris. Apical extrusion of debris has been studied extensively because of its clinical relevance, particularly since it may cause flare-ups, originated by the introduction of bacteria, pulpal tissue, and irrigating solutions into the periapical tissues.

  17. FHEO Filed Cases

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The dataset is a list of all the Title VIII fair housing cases filed by FHEO from 1/1/2007 - 12/31/2012 including the case number, case name, filing date, state and...

  18. 10 CFR 110.62 - Order to show cause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order to show cause. 110.62 Section 110.62 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) EXPORT AND IMPORT OF NUCLEAR EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL Violations and... of his right, within 20 days or other specified time, to file a written answer and demand a hearing...

  19. Output Data as an HTML File with Python

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William J. Turkel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This lesson takes the frequency pairs created in Counting Frequencies and outputs them to an HTML file. Here you will learn how to output data as an HTML file using Python. You will also learn about string formatting. The final result is an HTML file that shows the keywords found in the original source in order of descending frequency, along with the number of times that each keyword appears.

  20. JENDL special purpose data files

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iijima, S.; Kawai, M.; Katakura, J.; Nakazawa, M.; Asami, T.; Nakagawa, T.

    1987-01-01

    An ad-hoc JNDC committee on special purpose data file discussed the general and specific features of the JENDL Special Purpose Data Files. And several special purpose data files were proposed. Brief sketch of the proposed files and the status of the some selected data are described. (author)

  1. Comparative Evaluation of the Effect of Manufacturing Process on Distortion of Rotary ProFile and Twisted File: An in Vitro SEM Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati Sharma

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims. The manufacturing process of rotary Ni-Ti file can influence its resistance to fracture. The rotary ProFile (Dentsply-Maillefer, Baillagues, Switzerland is manufactured by grinding mechanism whereas Twisted File (Sybron Endo, USA is manufactured with a twisting method. The purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate the effect of manufacturing process on distortion of rotary ProFile and Twisted files using scanning electron microscopy after in vitro use. Materials and methods. Five sets of each type of file were used for this study -rotary ProFile (group A and Twisted file (group B. Each set was used according to manufacturer’s instructions to prepare 5 mesial canals of extracted mandibular molars. The changes in files were observed under a scanning electron microscope at ×18, ×100, ×250 and ×500 magnifications. Observations were classified as intact with no discernible distortion, intact but with unwinding, and fractured. Group A and B were then compared for deformation and fracture using two-proportion z-test. Results. On SEM observation, used rotary ProFile showed microfractures along the machining grooves whereas Twisted file showed crack propagation that was perpendicular to the machining marks. On statistical analysis, no significant difference was found between ProFile and Twisted file for deformation (P=0.642 and fracture (P=0.475. Conclusion. Within the experimental protocol of this study, it was concluded that both ProFile and Twisted files exhibited visible sign of distortion before fracture. But Twisted file gained edge over ProFile because of its manufacture design and unparalleled resistance to breakage.

  2. File System Virtual Appliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    System [80]. In Sun’s VFS paper, Kleiman stated that “Sun is currently discussing with AT&T and Berkeley the merging of this interface with AT&T’s File...26] DeBergalis, M., Corbett, P., Kleiman , S., Lent, A., Noveck, D., Talpey, T., and Wittle, M. 2003. The Direct Access File System. In Conference on...Users Group Meeting. 481–496. [51] Katcher, J. 1997. PostMark: A New File System Benchmark. Tech. Rep. TR3022, Network Appliance. October. [52] Kleiman , S

  3. USEEIO Satellite Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — These files contain the environmental data as particular emissions or resources associated with a BEA sectors that are used in the USEEIO model. They are organized...

  4. Provider of Services File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The POS file contains data on characteristics of hospitals and other types of healthcare facilities, including the name and address of the facility and the type of...

  5. Closed Claim Query File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This file is used to hold information about disability claims that have been closed and have been selected for sampling.Sampling is the process whereby OQR reviews...

  6. National Downloadable File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Physician Compare downloadable file is organized at the individual provider level; each line is unique at the provider/enrollment/organization/address level....

  7. Patient Treatment File (PTF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — This database is part of the National Medical Information System (NMIS). The Patient Treatment File (PTF) contains a record for each inpatient care episode provided...

  8. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gbaje E.S

    Information And Communication Technology Literacy Among Academics In Ahmadu Bello University. Zaria. By. Umar Babangida Dangani and Prof. ..... File management and window explorer. Downloading software from the web ..... meeting of the Rural Sociological Society,. Seelbach Hilton Hotel, Louisville, Kentucky.

  9. INTERNET: PENGIRIMAN FILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainul Bakri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu alasan pengguna komputer untuk berhubungan dengan Internet adalah mendapat kesempatan untuk menyalin ('download' informasi yang tersimpan dari server jaringan komputer lain (misalnya menyalin program aplikasi komputer, data mentah, dan sebagainya. File Transfer  Protocol (FfP adalah cara di Internet untuk mengirim file dari satu tempat ke komputer pengguna. Untuk keperluan ini dapat menggunakan program FTP khusus atau dengan menggunakan Web browser.

  10. 14 CFR 221.162 - Receiver shall file adoption notices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Receiver shall file adoption notices. 221... (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Adoption Publications Required To Show Change in Carrier's Name or Transfer of Operating Control § 221.162 Receiver shall file adoption notices. A receiver...

  11. Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flomenbom, Ophir

    2010-01-01

    Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files are solved. A simple file is made of Brownian hard spheres that diffuse stochastically in an effective 1D channel. Generally, Brownian files are heterogeneous: the spheres' diffusion coefficients are distributed and the initial spheres' density is non-uniform. In renewal-anomalous files, the distribution of waiting times for individual jumps is not exponential as in Brownian files, yet obeys: ψ α (t)∼t -1-α , 0 2 >, obeys, 2 >∼ 2 > nrml α , where 2 > nrml is the MSD in the corresponding Brownian file. This scaling is an outcome of an exact relation (derived here) connecting probability density functions of Brownian files and renewal-anomalous files. It is also shown that non-renewal-anomalous files are slower than the corresponding renewal ones.

  12. DSSTOX MASTER STRUCTURE-INDEX FILE: SDF FILE AND DOCUMENTATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website.

  13. DSSTOX MASTER STRUCTURE-INDEX FILE: SDF FILE AND ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website. The DSSTox Master Structure-Index File serves to consolidate, manage, and ensure quality and uniformity of the chemical and substance information spanning all DSSTox Structure Data Files, including those in development but not yet published separately on this website.

  14. Product identification file

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, C.E. (ed.)

    1978-06-01

    This product identification file was compiled as an aid to the industrial hygienist who may encounter the products listed in surveys for and studies of occupational health hazards. It is pointed out that the chemical composition of a product may vary from year to year and some components may be added or deleted without an indication on the label. Some of the data in this file may not be complete depending on the analysis requested. For example, a solvent may be the only component for which the product was analyzed. The file is arranged by listing the chemical manufacturer, followed by the trade name. In cases where no manufacturer is known, the trade name appears in alphabetical order. The log number and the chemist who analyzed the product are listed for reference.

  15. 76 FR 348 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... filing per 154.204: Modifications for BGS LINK Implementation Filing to be effective 3/1/2011. Filed Date... Tennessee Natural Gas, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.204: Modifications for BGS LINK Implementation... Storage Company L.L.C. submits tariff filing per 154.204: Modifications for BGS LINK Implementation Filing...

  16. Risk Aversion in Game Shows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Harrison, Glenn W.; Lau, Morten I.

    2008-01-01

    We review the use of behavior from television game shows to infer risk attitudes. These shows provide evidence when contestants are making decisions over very large stakes, and in a replicated, structured way. Inferences are generally confounded by the subjective assessment of skill in some games...

  17. Formalizing a Hierarchical File System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.; Lali, M.I.

    2009-01-01

    In this note, we define an abstract file system as a partial function from (absolute) paths to data. Such a file system determines the set of valid paths. It allows the file system to be read and written at a valid path, and it allows the system to be modified by the Unix operations for removal

  18. Formalizing a hierarchical file system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.; Lali, Muhammad Ikram

    An abstract file system is defined here as a partial function from (absolute) paths to data. Such a file system determines the set of valid paths. It allows the file system to be read and written at a valid path, and it allows the system to be modified by the Unix operations for creation, removal,

  19. A new insight into the oscillation characteristics of endosonic files used in dentistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lea, S C; Walmsley, A D; Lumley, P J; Landini, G

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the oscillation characteristics of unconstrained endosonic files using a scanning laser vibrometer (SLV). Factors investigated included file vibration frequency and node/antinode location as well as the variation in file displacement amplitude due to increasing generator power setting. A 30 kHz Mini Piezon generator (Electro-Medical Systems, Switzerland) was used in conjunction with a no. 15 and no. 35 K-file. Each file was fixed in position with the long axis of the file perpendicular to the SLV camera head. The laser from the SLV was scanned over the length of the oscillating file for generator power settings 1 to 5 (minimum to half power). Measurements were repeated ten times. The fundamental vibration frequency for both files was 27.50 kHz. Scans of each file showed the positions of nodes/anti-nodes along the file length. The no. 15 file demonstrated no significant variation in its mean maximum displacement amplitude with increasing generator power, except at power setting 5, where a decrease in displacement amplitude was observed. The no. 35 file showed a general increase in mean maximum displacement amplitude with increasing power setting, except at power setting 4 where a 65% decrease in displacement amplitude occurred. In conclusion, scanning laser vibrometry is an effective method for assessing endosonic file vibration characteristics. The SLV was able to demonstrate that (unloaded) file vibration displacement amplitude does not increase linearly with increasing generator power. Further work is being performed on a greater variety of files and generators. Vibration characteristics of files under various loads and varying degrees of constraint should also be investigated

  20. Measuring performance at trade shows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kåre

    2004-01-01

    Trade shows is an increasingly important marketing activity to many companies, but current measures of trade show performance do not adequately capture dimensions important to exhibitors. Based on the marketing literature's outcome and behavior-based control system taxonomy, a model is built...... that captures a outcome-based sales dimension and four behavior-based dimensions (i.e. information-gathering, relationship building, image building, and motivation activities). A 16-item instrument is developed for assessing exhibitors perceptions of their trade show performance. The paper presents evidence...... of the scale's reliability, factor structure, and validity on the basis of analyzing data from independent samples of exhibitors at the international trade shows SIAL (Paris) and ANUGA (Cologne); and it concludes with a discussion of potential managerial applications and implications for future research. New...

  1. File Construction Using FAMULUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pao, Miranda Lee

    1982-01-01

    Describes the use of FAMULUS, a database management system, to teach library science students at Case Western Reserve University indexing, computerized file construction, and online information retrieval. The special features of FAMULUS and their use in course instruction are outlined and evaluated. A 19-item reference list is attached. (Author/JL)

  2. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    1990s with the advent of digital communications, in particular, the Internet. Before the advent of the. Internet, File Transfer Protocol, Gopher, and the. World Wide Web were used to increase availability of scholarly material by lowering the barriers to distribution, (Registry of Open Access. Repositories, 2011). Open access ...

  3. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    The structure of financing of healthcare services in Iran is presented in Figure 1. The main part of governmental budget for health in Iran is allocated to primary health care; and money and credits are spent by the Ministry of Health (MoH). Of course the Iranian Health. Insurance Organization (IHIO) is contributing in this filed ...

  4. 11 CFR 100.19 - File, filed or filing (2 U.S.C. 434(a)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... a facsimile machine or by electronic mail if the reporting entity is not required to file..., including electronic reporting entities, may use the Commission's website's on-line program to file 48-hour... the reporting entity is not required to file electronically in accordance with 11 CFR 104.18. [67 FR...

  5. Evaluated neutronic file for indium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.B.; Chiba, S.; Smith, D.L.; Meadows, J.W.; Guenther, P.T.; Lawson, R.D.; Howerton, R.J.

    1990-01-01

    A comprehensive evaluated neutronic data file for elemental indium is documented. This file, extending from 10 -5 eV to 20 MeV, is presented in the ENDF/B-VI format, and contains all neutron-induced processes necessary for the vast majority of neutronic applications. In addition, an evaluation of the 115 In(n,n') 116m In dosimetry reaction is presented as a separate file. Attention is given in quantitative values, with corresponding uncertainty information. These files have been submitted for consideration as a part of the ENDF/B-VI national evaluated-file system. 144 refs., 10 figs., 4 tabs

  6. Tuning HDF5 subfiling performance on parallel file systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byna, Suren [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Chaarawi, Mohamad [Intel Corp. (United States); Koziol, Quincey [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Mainzer, John [The HDF Group (United States); Willmore, Frank [The HDF Group (United States)

    2017-05-12

    Subfiling is a technique used on parallel file systems to reduce locking and contention issues when multiple compute nodes interact with the same storage target node. Subfiling provides a compromise between the single shared file approach that instigates the lock contention problems on parallel file systems and having one file per process, which results in generating a massive and unmanageable number of files. In this paper, we evaluate and tune the performance of recently implemented subfiling feature in HDF5. In specific, we explain the implementation strategy of subfiling feature in HDF5, provide examples of using the feature, and evaluate and tune parallel I/O performance of this feature with parallel file systems of the Cray XC40 system at NERSC (Cori) that include a burst buffer storage and a Lustre disk-based storage. We also evaluate I/O performance on the Cray XC30 system, Edison, at NERSC. Our results show performance benefits of 1.2X to 6X performance advantage with subfiling compared to writing a single shared HDF5 file. We present our exploration of configurations, such as the number of subfiles and the number of Lustre storage targets to storing files, as optimization parameters to obtain superior I/O performance. Based on this exploration, we discuss recommendations for achieving good I/O performance as well as limitations with using the subfiling feature.

  7. Tokyo Motor Show 2003; Tokyo Motor Show 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joly, E.

    2004-01-01

    The text which follows present the different techniques exposed during the 37. Tokyo Motor Show. The report points out the great tendencies of developments of the Japanese automobile industry. The hybrid electric-powered vehicles or those equipped with fuel cells have been highlighted by the Japanese manufacturers which allow considerable budgets in the research of less polluting vehicles. The exposed models, although being all different according to the manufacturer, use always a hybrid system: fuel cell/battery. The manufacturers have stressed too on the intelligent systems for navigation and safety as well as on the design and comfort. (O.M.)

  8. Create a Polarized Light Show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conrad, William H.

    1992-01-01

    Presents a lesson that introduces students to polarized light using a problem-solving approach. After illustrating the concept using a slinky and poster board with a vertical slot, students solve the problem of creating a polarized light show using Polya's problem-solving methods. (MDH)

  9. Producing Talent and Variety Shows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabo, Chuck

    1995-01-01

    Identifies key aspects of producing talent shows and outlines helpful hints for avoiding pitfalls and ensuring a smooth production. Presents suggestions concerning publicity, scheduling, and support personnel. Describes types of acts along with special needs and problems specific to each act. Includes a list of resources. (MJP)

  10. Prosimian primates show ratio dependence in spontaneous quantity discriminations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Mychal Jones

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We directly tested the predictions of the approximate number system (ANS and the object file system in the spontaneous numerical judgments of prosimian primates. Prior work indicates that when human infants and a few species of nonhuman animals are given a single-trial choice between two sequentially baited buckets they choose the bucket with the greater amount of food but only when the quantities are small. This pattern of results has been interpreted as evidence that a limited capacity object-file system is used to track small numbers of objects and that the ANS is not invoked under these circumstances. Here we tested prosimian primates in food choice comparisons that were chosen to contrast predictions of the ANS and object-file systems. We found that prosimian primates consistently chose the larger of two sets when they differed by a 1:3 ratio regardless of whether both values were small (≤ 3, both values were large (> 3, or there was one small and one large value. Prosimians were not able to robustly discriminate quantities that differed by a 1:2 ratio for the same three conditions, nor did they show a preference for small quantities that differed by a 2:3 ratio. These results implicate the ANS in the spontaneous numerical discriminations of nonhuman primates.

  11. "Medicine show." Alice in Doctorland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    This is an excerpt from the script of a 1939 play provided to the Institute of Social Medicine and Community Health by the Library of Congress Federal Theater Project Collection at George Mason University Library, Fairfax, Virginia, pages 2-1-8 thru 2-1-14. The Federal Theatre Project (FTP) was part of the New Deal program for the arts 1935-1939. Funded by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) its goal was to employ theater professionals from the relief rolls. A number of FTP plays deal with aspects of medicine and public health. Pageants, puppet shows and documentary plays celebrated progress in medical science while examining social controversies in medical services and the public health movement. "Medicine Show" sharply contrasts technological wonders with social backwardness. The play was rehearsed by the FTP but never opened because funding ended. A revised version ran on Broadway in 1940. The preceding comments are adapted from an excellent, well-illustrated review of five of these plays by Barabara Melosh: "The New Deal's Federal Theatre Project," Medical Heritage, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan/Feb 1986), pp. 36-47.

  12. FileMaker Pro 11 The Missing Manual

    CERN Document Server

    Prosser, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This hands-on, friendly guide shows you how to harness FileMaker's power to make your information work for you. With a few mouse clicks, the FileMaker Pro 11 database helps you create and print corporate reports, manage a mailing list, or run your entire business. FileMaker Pro 11: The Missing Manual helps you get started, build your database, and produce results, whether you're running a business, pursuing a hobby, or planning your retirement. It's a thorough, accessible guide for new, non-technical users, as well as those with more experience. Start up: Get your first database up and runnin

  13. PFS: a distributed and customizable file system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, H.G.P.; Mullender, Sape J.

    1996-01-01

    In this paper we present our ongoing work on the Pegasus File System (PFS), a distributed and customizable file system that can be used for off-line file system experiments and on-line file system storage. PFS is best described as an object-oriented component library from which either a true file

  14. Arranging and finding folders and files on your Windows 7 computer

    CERN Document Server

    Steps, Studio Visual

    2014-01-01

    If you have lots of documents on your desk, it may prove to be impossible to find the document you are looking for. In order to easily find certain documents, they are often stored in a filing cabinet and arranged in a logical order. The folders on your computer serve the same purpose. They do not just contain files; they can also contain other folders. You can create an unlimited number of folders, and each folder can contain any number of subfolders and files. You can use Windows Explorer, also called the folder window, to work with the files and folders on your computer. You can copy, delete, move, find, and sort files, among other things. Or you can transfer files and folders to a USB stick, an external hard drive, a CD, DVD or Blu-Ray disk. In this practical guide we will show you how to use the folder window, and help you arrange your own files.

  15. Angular deflection of rotary nickel titanium files: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluca Gambarini

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A new manufacturing method of twisting nickel titanium wire to produce rotary nickel titanium (RNT files has recently been developed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the new manufacturing process increased the angular deflection of RNT files, by comparing instruments produced using the new manufacturing method (Twisted Files versus instruments produced with the traditional grinding process. Testing was performed on a total of 40 instruments of the following commercially available RNT files: Twisted Files (TF, Profile, K3 and M2 (NRT. All instruments tested had the same dimensions (taper 0.06 and tip size 25. Test procedures strictly followed ISO 3630-1. Data were collected and statistically analyzed by means ANOVA test. The results showed that TF demonstrated significantly higher average angular deflection levels (P<0.05, than RNT manufactured by a grinding process. Since angular deflection represent the amount of rotation (and consequently deformation that a RNT file can withstand before torsional failure, such a significant improvement is a favorable property for the clinical use of the tested RNT files.

  16. AirShow 1.0 CFD Software Users' Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohler, Stanley R., Jr.

    2005-01-01

    AirShow is visualization post-processing software for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Upon reading binary PLOT3D grid and solution files into AirShow, the engineer can quickly see how hundreds of complex 3-D structured blocks are arranged and numbered. Additionally, chosen grid planes can be displayed and colored according to various aerodynamic flow quantities such as Mach number and pressure. The user may interactively rotate and translate the graphical objects using the mouse. The software source code was written in cross-platform Java, C++, and OpenGL, and runs on Unix, Linux, and Windows. The graphical user interface (GUI) was written using Java Swing. Java also provides multiple synchronized threads. The Java Native Interface (JNI) provides a bridge between the Java code and the C++ code where the PLOT3D files are read, the OpenGL graphics are rendered, and numerical calculations are performed. AirShow is easy to learn and simple to use. The source code is available for free from the NASA Technology Transfer and Partnership Office.

  17. Effect of combined digital imaging parameters on endodontic file measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Matheus Lima; Pinto, Geraldo Camilo de Souza; Ambrosano, Glaucia Maria Bovi; Tosoni, Guilherme Monteiro

    2012-10-01

    This study assessed the effect of the combination of a dedicated endodontic filter, spatial resolution, and contrast resolution on the determination of endodontic file lengths. Forty extracted single-rooted teeth were x-rayed with K-files (ISO size 10 and 15) in the root canals. Images were acquired using the VistaScan system (Dürr Dental, Beitigheim-Bissingen, Germany) under different combining parameters of spatial resolution (10 and 25 line pairs per millimeter [lp/mm]) and contrast resolution (8- and 16-bit depths). Subsequently, a dedicated endodontic filter was applied on the 16-bit images, creating 2 additional parameters. Six observers measured the length of the endodontic files in the root canals using the software that accompanies the system. The mean values of the actual file lengths and the measurements of the radiographic images were submitted to 1-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test at a level of significance of 5%. The intraobserver reproducibility was assessed by the intraclass correlation coefficient. All combined image parameters showed excellent intraobserver agreement with intraclass correlation coefficient means higher than 0.98. The imaging parameter of 25 lp/mm and 16 bit associated with the use of the endodontic filter did not differ significantly from the actual file lengths when both file sizes were analyzed together or separately (P > .05). When the size 15 file was evaluated separately, only 8-bit images differed significantly from the actual file lengths (P ≤ .05). The combination of an endodontic filter with high spatial resolution and high contrast resolution is recommended for the determination of file lengths when using storage phosphor plates. Copyright © 2012 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Earnings Public-Use File, 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Social Security Administration released Earnings Public-Use File (EPUF) for 2006. File contains earnings information for individuals drawn from a systematic random...

  19. The DNA Files

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-09

    The DNA Files is a radio documentary which disseminates genetics information over public radio. The documentaries explore subjects which include the following: How genetics affects society. How human life began and how it evolved. Could new prenatal genetic tests hold the key to disease prevention later in life? Would a national genetic data base sacrifice individual privacy? and Should genes that may lead to the cure for cancer be privately owned? This report serves as a project update for the second quarter of 1998. It includes the spring/summer 1998 newsletter, the winter 1998 newsletter, the program clock, and the latest flyer.

  20. Design and creation of a direct access nuclear data file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charpentier, P.

    1981-06-01

    General considerations on the structure of instructions and files are reviewed. Design, organization and mode of use of the different files: instruction file, index files, inverted files, automatic analysis and inquiry programs are examined [fr

  1. The European fusion file project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gruppelaar, H.

    1989-01-01

    The European Fusion File (EFF) is a nuclear data file for application in fusion-reactor blanket design calculations, in particular for neutron and photon transport calculations of the Next European Torus (NET). This paper presents the main objectives of the programme for the period 1989 to 1991

  2. The School Library Vertical File.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smallwood, Carol

    1990-01-01

    Discusses the maintenance of vertical files in the school library. Topics covered include circulation, weeding, using materials for special displays, acquiring materials, policies on advertising and controversial issues, cross-references, subject headings, introducing students to vertical files, beginning a collection, and preservation. (MES)

  3. [PVFS 2000: An operational parallel file system for Beowulf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, Walt

    2004-01-01

    The approach has been to develop Parallel Virtual File System version 2 (PVFS2) , retaining the basic philosophy of the original file system but completely rewriting the code. It shows the architecture of the server and client components. BMI - BMI is the network abstraction layer. It is designed with a common driver and modules for each protocol supported. The interface is non-blocking, and provides mechanisms for optimizations including pinning user buffers. Currently TCP/IP and GM(Myrinet) modules have been implemented. Trove -Trove is the storage abstraction layer. It provides for storing both data spaces and name/value pairs. Trove can also be implemented using different underlying storage mechanisms including native files, raw disk partitions, SQL and other databases. The current implementation uses native files for data spaces and Berkeley db for name/value pairs.

  4. Electronic Document Management Using Inverted Files System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartono Derwin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The amount of documents increases so fast. Those documents exist not only in a paper based but also in an electronic based. It can be seen from the data sample taken by the SpringerLink publisher in 2010, which showed an increase in the number of digital document collections from 2003 to mid of 2010. Then, how to manage them well becomes an important need. This paper describes a new method in managing documents called as inverted files system. Related with the electronic based document, the inverted files system will closely used in term of its usage to document so that it can be searched over the Internet using the Search Engine. It can improve document search mechanism and document save mechanism.

  5. K-file vs ProFiles in cleaning capacity and instrumentation time in primary molar root canals: An in vitro study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Madan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study compares the efficiency of manual K-files and rotary ProFiles in cleaning capacity and instrumentation time in primary molar root canals. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five maxillary and mandibular primary molar root canals were instrumented with ProFiles and K-files in the step-back manner from size #10 to #40. The teeth were decalcified, dehydrated and cleared, and analyzed for the presence of dye remaining on the root canal walls, which served as an evidence of cleaning capacity of both the techniques. Results: The results showed a significant difference in the cleaning capacity of the root canals with ProFiles and K-files, in apical and coronal thirds of the root canal. ProFiles have been found to be more efficient in cleaning the coronal thirds and K-files in cleaning apical thirds of the root canals. Both the techniques were almost equally effective in cleaning the middle thirds of the canals. The time taken during the cleaning of the root canals appeared to be statistically shorter with K-files than profiles.

  6. 77 FR 20810 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ...: Big Sandy-EQT Capacity Release Waiver Request to be effective N/A. Filed Date: 3/30/12. Accession... and Sales Report of Rockies Express Pipeline LLC. Filed Date: 3/30/12. Accession Number: 20120330-5140.... Description: QEP 37657-15 Amendment to Negotiated Rate Agreement filing to be effective 4/1/2012. Filed Date...

  7. 78 FR 9684 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-11

    ..., LLC. Description: Big Sandy Fuel Filing effective 3-1-13. Filed Date: 1/31/13. Accession Number... LLC. Description: Penalty Revenue Crediting Report of Midcontinent Express Pipeline LLC. Filed Date: 1... Morgan Louisiana Pipeline LLC. Filed Date: 1/31/13. Accession Number: 20130131-5042. Comments Due: 5 p.m...

  8. 76 FR 46788 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... submits tariff filing per 154.204: IT Contract Terms to be effective 8/15/2011. Filed Date: 07/22/2011..., 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2291-000. Applicants: Midcontinent Express Pipeline LLC. Description: Midcontinent Express Pipeline LLC submits tariff filing per 154.204: Filing to Remove Expired Agreement and...

  9. 12 CFR 16.33 - Filing fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SECURITIES OFFERING DISCLOSURE RULES § 16.33 Filing fees. (a) Filing fees must accompany certain filings made under the provisions of this part... Comptroller of the Currency Fees published pursuant to § 8.8 of this chapter. (b) Filing fees must be paid by...

  10. A comparison of canal preparations by Mtwo and RaCe rotary files using full sequence versus one rotary file techniques; a cone-beam computed tomography analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Aminsobhani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Using one rotary file can result in a faster canal preparation. This can be done with several file systems and endodontic motors. In the present study, a newly single file technique (one rotary file technique with available rotary file systems is introduced. The aim of the present study was to evaluate centering ability and remaining dentin thickness of 2 rotary nickel-titanium systems (Mtwo versus RaCe and instrumentation techniques (conventional versus one rotary file by cone-beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods: A total of 76 mandibular molar teeth were selected and divided to 4 groups (n = 19 teeth with 57 canals. The teeth were mounted in resin and pre-instrumentation scans were prepared by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT. The canals instrumented with Mtwo and RaCe rotary files either in conventional or one rotary file technique (ORF. After cleaning and shaping of distal and mesial canals, post instrumentation scans were performed by CBCT in the same position as pre instrumentation scans. Centering ability and remaining dentin thickness were evaluated by Planmeca Romexis viewer. The data were analyzed with analysis of variance and post hoc t test (P 0.05. However, in a few cross-sections, conventional technique and/or RaCe showed higher centering ability. One rotary file technique with either RaCe or Mtwo was significantly faster than conventional technique (P = 0.02. There was no significant difference among groups regarding file fracture. Mesiolingual canals showed more transportation compared with mesiobuccal and distal canals. Conclusions: Both of the instrumentation systems and techniques produced canal preparations with adequate centering ratio. One rotary file technique prepared canal significantly faster than conventional technique.

  11. Design and implementation of encrypted and decrypted file system based on USBKey and hardware code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kehe; Zhang, Yakun; Cui, Wenchao; Jiang, Ting

    2017-05-01

    To protect the privacy of sensitive data, an encrypted and decrypted file system based on USBKey and hardware code is designed and implemented in this paper. This system uses USBKey and hardware code to authenticate a user. We use random key to encrypt file with symmetric encryption algorithm and USBKey to encrypt random key with asymmetric encryption algorithm. At the same time, we use the MD5 algorithm to calculate the hash of file to verify its integrity. Experiment results show that large files can be encrypted and decrypted in a very short time. The system has high efficiency and ensures the security of documents.

  12. Physician Compare National Downloadable File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Physician Compare National Downloadable File is organized at the individual eligible professional level; each line is unique at the professional/enrollment...

  13. XML Files: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: https://medlineplus.gov/xml.html MedlinePlus XML Files To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. MedlinePlus produces XML data sets that you are welcome to download ...

  14. Denominator File - Limited Data Set

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Denominator File combines Medicare beneficiary entitlement status information from administrative enrollment records with third-party payer information and GHP...

  15. Cytoscape file of chemical networks

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The maximum connectivity scores of pairwise chemical conditions summarized from Cmap results in a file with Cytoscape format (http://www.cytoscape.org/). The figures...

  16. Value Modifier Public Use File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Center for Medicare (CM) has created a standard analytical file intended to promote transparency. For each Value Modifier performance year, CM will publish a...

  17. Specifying a Realistic File System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Amani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We present the most interesting elements of the correctness specification of BilbyFs, a performant Linux flash file system. The BilbyFs specification supports asynchronous writes, a feature that has been overlooked by several file system verification projects, and has been used to verify the correctness of BilbyFs's fsync( C implementation. It makes use of nondeterminism to be concise and is shallowly-embedded in higher-order logic.

  18. JNDC FP decay data file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamamoto, Tohru; Akiyama, Masatsugu

    1981-02-01

    The decay data file for fission product nuclides (FP DECAY DATA FILE) has been prepared for summation calculation of the decay heat of fission products. The average energies released in β- and γ-transitions have been calculated with computer code PROFP. The calculated results and necessary information have been arranged in tabular form together with the estimated results for 470 nuclides of which decay data are not available experimentally. (author)

  19. Elvis is returning to the building: understanding a decline in unauthorized file sharing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poort, J.; Weda, J.

    2015-01-01

    A set of representative consumer surveys shows that in the Netherlands unauthorized file sharing of music has declined substantially between 2008 and 2012. It decreased slightly for games, but almost doubled for films and TV series. Overall, file sharing dropped from 38% to 27% of the population.

  20. Elvis is Returning to the Building: Evidence for a Decline in Illegal File Sharing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poort, J.; Weda, J.

    2013-01-01

    A set of representative consumer surveys show that in the Netherlands unauthorised file sharing of music has declined substantially between 2008 and 2012. It decreased slightly for games, but increased for films & TV-series. Overall, file sharing dropped from 38% to 27% of the population. The

  1. Multiple autoclave cycle effects on cyclic fatigue of nickel-titanium rotary files produced by new manufacturing methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilfer, Paul B; Bergeron, Brian E; Mayerchak, Michael J; Roberts, Howard W; Jeansonne, Billie G

    2011-01-01

    Novel nickel-titanium rotary files with proprietary manufacturing techniques have recently been marketed. The purpose of this study was to assess multiple autoclave cycle effects on cyclic fatigue of GT Series X files (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) and Twisted Files (SybronEndo, Orange, CA) METHODS: A jig using a 5-mm radius curve with 90° of maximum file flexure was used to induce cyclic fatigue failure. Files (n = 10) representing each experimental group (GT Series X 20/.04 and 20/.06; Twisted Files 25/.04 and 25/.06) were first tested to establish baseline mean cycles to failure (MCF). Experimental groups (n = 20) were then cycled to 25% of the established baseline MCF and then autoclaved. Additional autoclaving was accomplished at 50% and 75% of MCF followed by continual testing until failure. Control groups (n = 20) underwent the same procedures except autoclaving was not accomplished. The GT Series X (20/.04 and 20/.06) files showed no significant difference (p = 0.918/p = 0.096) in MCF for experimental versus control files. Twisted Files (25/.04) showed no significant difference (p = 0.432) in MCF between experimental and control groups. However, the Twisted Files (25/.06) experimental group showed a significantly lower (p = 0.0175) MCF compared with the controls. Under the conditions of this evaluation, autoclave sterilization significantly decreased cyclic fatigue resistance of one of the four file groups tested. Repeated autoclaving significantly reduced the MCF of 25/.06 Twisted Files; however, 25/.04 Twisted Files and both GT Series X files tested were not significantly affected by the same conditions. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-05-05

    . Postnatal examination showed macrocephaly, narrow chest, curved and shortened limbs. Postnatal bone radiography showed anomalies as follows: chest: hypomineralization, narrow thorax, multiple beaded ribs (Figure 1);.

  3. Search the SEC website for the latest EDGAR filings

    Data.gov (United States)

    Securities and Exchange Commission — This listing contains the most recent filings for the current official filing date (including filings made after the 5:30pm deadline on the previous filing day)....

  4. Building a parallel file system simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molina-Estolano, E; Maltzahn, C; Brandt, S A; Bent, J

    2009-01-01

    Parallel file systems are gaining in popularity in high-end computing centers as well as commercial data centers. High-end computing systems are expected to scale exponentially and to pose new challenges to their storage scalability in terms of cost and power. To address these challenges scientists and file system designers will need a thorough understanding of the design space of parallel file systems. Yet there exist few systematic studies of parallel file system behavior at petabyte- and exabyte scale. An important reason is the significant cost of getting access to large-scale hardware to test parallel file systems. To contribute to this understanding we are building a parallel file system simulator that can simulate parallel file systems at very large scale. Our goal is to simulate petabyte-scale parallel file systems on a small cluster or even a single machine in reasonable time and fidelity. With this simulator, file system experts will be able to tune existing file systems for specific workloads, scientists and file system deployment engineers will be able to better communicate workload requirements, file system designers and researchers will be able to try out design alternatives and innovations at scale, and instructors will be able to study very large-scale parallel file system behavior in the class room. In this paper we describe our approach and provide preliminary results that are encouraging both in terms of fidelity and simulation scalability.

  5. Fermi FT2 Spacecraft Pointing Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This utility permits you to download the most current version of the spacecraft (FT2) file predicting the LAT's pointing for a given mission week. The FT2 file is a...

  6. 75 FR 31438 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-03

    ... Lines Joint Service Agreement. Filing Party: Tara L. Leiter, Esq.; Blank Rome, LLP; Watergate; 600 New... Service Agreement. Filing Party: Tara L. Leiter, Esq.; Blank Rome, LLP; Watergate; 600 New Hampshire...

  7. 75 FR 65468 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ..., October 27, 2010. Docket Numbers: RP11-69-000. Applicants: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. Description: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. submits tariff filing per 154.203: Order 587-U Compliance Filing to be...

  8. source files for manuscript in tex format

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Source tex files used to create the manuscript including original figure files and raw data used in tables and inline text. This dataset is associated with the...

  9. Physician-Supplier Procedure Summary Master File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This file is a 100 percent summary of all Part B Carrier and DMERC Claims processed through the Common Working File and stored in the National Claims History...

  10. Data_files_Reyes_EHP_phthalates

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The file contains three files in comma separated values (.csv) format. “Reyes_EHP_Phthalates_US_metabolites.csv” contains information about the National Health and...

  11. Synchronizing Defense Transportation System Reference Files

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frohman, Harold

    1998-01-01

    .... Many DTS AISs frequently use outdated reference files. As a result, electronic transactions and documents containing reference file information have data errors that cause those AISs to reject the transactions or report erroneous information...

  12. 77 FR 56197 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... Transmission, Inc. Description: 2012 Semi-annual Fuel & Electric Power Reimbursement to be effective 10/1/2012... Pipeline Company, LLC. Description: Hurricane Surcharge Filing on 8-31-12 to be effective 10/1/2012. Filed...

  13. 12 CFR 303.221 - Filing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PROCEDURES Section 19 of the FDI Act (Consent to Service of Persons Convicted of Certain Criminal Offenses) § 303.221 Filing procedures. (a) Where to file. An application under section 19 of the FDI Act shall be...

  14. 77 FR 35371 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    .... Applicants: Duke Energy Miami Fort, LLC. Description: MBR Filing to be effective 10/1/2012. Filed Date: 6/5...-000. Applicants: Duke Energy Piketon, LLC. Description: MBR Filing to be effective 10/1/2012. Filed...-1959-000. Applicants: Duke Energy Stuart, LLC. Description: MBR Filing to be effective 10/1/2012. Filed...

  15. 77 FR 66457 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... MBR Compliance Filing to be effective 9/10/2012. Filed Date: 10/25/12. Accession Number: 20121025-5048.... Description: Amendment to MBR Tariff Filing to be effective 10/26/ 2012. Filed Date: 10/25/12. Accession... Resources, Ltd. Description: Amendment MBR Tariff Filing to be effective 10/26/ 2012. Filed Date: 10/25/12...

  16. 76 FR 63291 - Combined Notice Of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... filing per 35: MBR Tariff to be effective 9/23/2011. Filed Date: 09/23/2011. Accession Number: 20110923.... submits tariff filing per 35: MBR Tariff to be effective 9/23/2011. Filed Date: 09/23/2011. Accession.... submits tariff filing per 35: MBR Tariff to be effective 9/23/2011. Filed Date: 09/23/2011. Accession...

  17. 19 CFR 149.5 - Eligibility to file an Importer Security Filing, authorized agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Security Filing information electronically, a party must establish the communication protocol required by... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Eligibility to file an Importer Security Filing... HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) IMPORTER SECURITY FILING § 149.5 Eligibility to...

  18. 29 CFR 102.98 - Petition for advisory opinion; who may file; where to file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Petition for advisory opinion; who may file; where to file... REGULATIONS, SERIES 8 Declaratory Orders and Advisory Opinions Regarding Board Jurisdiction § 102.98 Petition for advisory opinion; who may file; where to file. Whenever an agency or court of any State or...

  19. 77 FR 74655 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... Numbers: RP12-1066-001. Applicants: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC. Description: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.203: RP12-1066 Compliance Filing to be effective 12/1/2012. Filed Date: 12/10/12.../1/2012. Filed Date: 12/10/12. Accession Number: 20121210-5172. Comments Due: 5 p.m. ET 12/24/12...

  20. 77 FR 47834 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ..., LLC. Description: Big Sandy Fuel Filing effective 9-1-2012 to be effective 9/1/2012. Filed Date: 7/31... Negotiated Rate to be effective 8/ 1/2012. Filed Date: 7/31/12. Accession Number: 20120731-5120. Comments Due...: Compliance with CP12-5-000 to be effective 9/1/2012. Filed Date: 7/31/12. Accession Number: 20120731-5129...

  1. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    intake questionnaire showed statistically significant improvement from baseline to 6th month but no statistically significant improvement was observed from 6th month to 12th month. Nutritive value of food (protein, energy and fat) showed no ...

  2. Evaluated nuclear structure data file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuli, J.K.

    1996-01-01

    The Evaluated Nuclear Structure Data File (ENSDF) contains the evaluated nuclear properties of all known nuclides, as derived both from nuclear reaction and radioactive decay measurements. All experimental data are evaluated to create the adopted properties for each nuclide. ENSDF, together with other numeric and bibliographic files, can be accessed on-line through the INTERNET or modem, and some of the databases are also available on the World Wide Web. The structure and the scope of ENSDF are presented along with the on-line access system of the National Nuclear Data Center at Brookhaven National Laboratory. (orig.)

  3. FileMaker Pro 9

    CERN Document Server

    Coffey, Geoff

    2007-01-01

    FileMaker Pro 9: The Missing Manual is the clear, thorough and accessible guide to the latest version of this popular desktop database program. FileMaker Pro lets you do almost anything with the information you give it. You can print corporate reports, plan your retirement, or run a small country -- if you know what you're doing. This book helps non-technical folks like you get in, get your database built, and get the results you need. Pronto.The new edition gives novices and experienced users the scoop on versions 8.5 and 9. It offers complete coverage of timesaving new features such as the Q

  4. The Crystallographic Information File (CIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I D Brown

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The Crystallographic Information File (CIF, owned by the International Union of Crystallography, is a file structure based on tag-value ASCII pairs with tags defined in machine-readable dictionaries. The crystallographic community publishes and archives large quantities of numeric information generated by crystal structure determinations, and CIF's acceptance was assured by its adoption as the submission format for Acta Crystallographica and by the obvious needs of the community. CIF's strength lies in its dictionaries, which define most of the concepts of crystallography; its weakness is the difficulty of writing software that exploits its full potential.

  5. Teeth Filing in Ancient Japan

    OpenAIRE

    春成, 秀爾

    1989-01-01

    The custom of teeth filing consists in engraving two or three lines of grooves in human upper median incisors and one line of groove in the upper lateral incisor to work the teeth into forked form. This custom exsisted in Africa in 19th century, in the Central America from early Preclassic period (1400 B. C.) to Postclassic period (1500 A. D.) and in Japan in the latest Jomon period (1000-200 B. C.).Specimens of teeth filing in Jomon period have been unearthened from 8 sites in Aichi Prefectu...

  6. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    influenza virus infections include feeding them with carcasses of dead birds from poultry houses and annual dog shows. In particular, dog shows which are gatherings of exotic dogs are gradually becoming fashionable in Nigeria. Routine screening of dogs that visit veterinary clinics and those paraded at dog shows.

  7. Efficiency of the Self Adjusting File, WaveOne, Reciproc, ProTaper and hand files in root canal debridement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topcu, K. Meltem; Karatas, Ertugrul; Ozsu, Damla; Ersoy, Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the canal debridement capabilities of three single file systems, ProTaper, and K-files in oval-shaped canals. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five extracted human mandibular central incisors with oval-shaped root canals were selected. A radiopaque contrast medium (Metapex; Meta Biomed Co. Ltd., Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea) was introduced into the canal systems and the self-adjusting file (SAF), WaveOne, Reciproc, ProTaper, and K-files were used for the instrumentation of the canals. The percentage of removed contrast medium was calculated using pre- and post-operative radiographs. Results: An overall comparison between the groups revealed that the hand file (HF) and SAF groups presented the lowest percentage of removed contrast medium, whereas the WaveOne group showed the highest percentage (P < 0.001). The ProTaper group removed more contrast medium than the SAF and HF groups (P < 0.05). Conclusions: None of the instruments was able to remove the contrast medium completely. WaveOne performed significantly better than other groups. PMID:25202211

  8. Protecting your files on the DFS file system

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2011-01-01

    The Windows Distributed File System (DFS) hosts user directories for all NICE users plus many more data.    Files can be accessed from anywhere, via a dedicated web portal (http://cern.ch/dfs). Due to the ease of access to DFS with in CERN it is of utmost importance to properly protect access to sensitive data. As the use of DFS access control mechanisms is not obvious to all users, passwords, certificates or sensitive files might get exposed. At least this happened in past to the Andrews File System (AFS) - the Linux equivalent to DFS) - and led to bad publicity due to a journalist accessing supposedly "private" AFS folders (SonntagsZeitung 2009/11/08). This problem does not only affect the individual user but also has a bad impact on CERN's reputation when it comes to IT security. Therefore, all departments and LHC experiments agreed recently to apply more stringent protections to all DFS user folders. The goal of this data protection policy is to assist users in pro...

  9. Protecting your files on the AFS file system

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The Andrew File System is a world-wide distributed file system linking hundreds of universities and organizations, including CERN. Files can be accessed from anywhere, via dedicated AFS client programs or via web interfaces that export the file contents on the web. Due to the ease of access to AFS it is of utmost importance to properly protect access to sensitive data in AFS. As the use of AFS access control mechanisms is not obvious to all users, passwords, private SSH keys or certificates have been exposed in the past. In one specific instance, this also led to bad publicity due to a journalist accessing supposedly "private" AFS folders (SonntagsZeitung 2009/11/08). This problem does not only affect the individual user but also has a bad impact on CERN's reputation when it comes to IT security. Therefore, all departments and LHC experiments agreed in April 2010 to apply more stringent folder protections to all AFS user folders. The goal of this data protection policy is to assist users in...

  10. 78 FR 15359 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    .... Description: Energy West Development, Inc. submit Lost and Unaccounted Gas reimbursement. Filed Date: 2/28/13... Gas Pipe Line Company. Description: Annual Fuel Tracker Filing 2013 to be effective 4/1/ 2013. Filed.... Comments Due: 5 p.m. ET 3/13/13. Docket Numbers: RP13-638-000. Applicants: Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line...

  11. 77 FR 31346 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings: Filings Instituting Proceedings Docket Numbers: RP12-732-000. Applicants: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc...

  12. 76 FR 30333 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Report filings: Docket Numbers: RP11-2051-000. Applicants: Black Marlin Pipeline Company. Description: Report of Black Marlin Pipeline Company. Filed Date: 04/28/2011. Accession Number: 20110428-5219. Comment...: Northern Natural Gas Company submits tariff filing per 154.403: 20110429 Winter Market Fuel to be effective...

  13. 76 FR 45788 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ...: Big Sandy LINK Implementation to be effective 9/1/2011. Filed Date: 07/14/2011. Accession Number...: ETNG Modifications for Big Sandy LINK Implementation to be effective 9/1/2011. Filed Date: 07/14/2011... Big Sandy LINK Implementation to be effective 9/1/2011. Filed Date: 07/14/2011. Accession Number...

  14. 47 CFR 76.1701 - Political file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political file. 76.1701 Section 76.1701... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Documents to be Maintained for Inspection § 76.1701 Political file. (a) Every... (political file) of all requests for cablecast time made by or on behalf of a candidate for public office...

  15. 47 CFR 73.1943 - Political file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political file. 73.1943 Section 73.1943... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1943 Political file. (a) Every licensee shall keep and permit public inspection of a complete and orderly record (political file) of all requests for broadcast...

  16. 77 FR 60418 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings...-1064-000. Applicants: Venice Gathering System, L.L.C. Description: NAESB 2.0 Compliance Filing to be...

  17. 76 FR 30360 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... West Coast Industrial Express, LLC. Filing Party: Wade S. Hooker, Esq.; 211 Central Park W; New York.... Parties: Pacific Maritime Association and International Longshore and Warehouse Union. Filing Party: David... Containers, Inc., and SSA Ventures, Inc. Filing Party: David F. Smith, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor; 1627 I Street...

  18. 48 CFR 6101.2 - Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation [Rule 2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . (a) Filing cases. Filing of a... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing cases; time limits for filing; notice of docketing; consolidation . 6101.2 Section 6101.2 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  19. Hybrid cryptosystem for image file using elgamal and double playfair cipher algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardi, S. M.; Tarigan, J. T.; Safrina, N.

    2018-03-01

    In this paper, we present an implementation of an image file encryption using hybrid cryptography. We chose ElGamal algorithm to perform asymmetric encryption and Double Playfair for the symmetric encryption. Our objective is to show that these algorithms are capable to encrypt an image file with an acceptable running time and encrypted file size while maintaining the level of security. The application was built using C# programming language and ran as a stand alone desktop application under Windows Operating System. Our test shows that the system is capable to encrypt an image with a resolution of 500×500 to a size of 976 kilobytes with an acceptable running time.

  20. Nuclear Structure References (NSR) file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ewbank, W.B.

    1978-08-01

    The use of the Nuclear Structure References file by the Nuclear Data Project at ORNL is described. Much of the report concerns format information of interest only to those preparing input to the system or otherwise needing detailed knowledge of its internal structure. 17 figures

  1. QA of intensity-modulated beams using dynamic MLC log files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinesh Kumar, M; Thirumavalavan, N; Venugopal Krishna, D; Babaiah, M

    2006-01-01

    To evaluate the utility of Dynalog file information for planar dose verification in IMRT QA, a program is developed to convert Dynalog file data to DMLC field files. For this study, five predefined fluencies are planned and delivered using Varian, Eclipse 3D planning system and 6MV photon beam of Varian, Clinac DMX linear accelerator. To measure planar dose distribution, Kodak, EDR2 films are exposed in similar setup as planning setup. Dynalog files are recorded for each delivery and converted into DMLC field files using in-house program. Delivered dose distributions are calculated using DMLC field files from Dynalog files. Planned, Measured and Delivered dose distributions are compared using gamma evaluation in Scanditronix, Omni Pro IMRT software. The Planned and Delivered planar dose distributions agree within 2% dose difference and 2 mm DTA. Measured dose distributions agree within 4% dose difference and 4 mm DTA with Planned dose distribution. Our results show Dynalog file as a promising tool for dynamic IMRT QA.

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    Voiding cystourethrography (as described by Waterhouseg) was diagnostic in all cases (Fig. 1). Preoperative abdominal ultrasonography showed varying degrees of hydronephrosis, a thickened bladder wall with trabeculation and a few cases of sacculation. The initial chemistry showed high levels of serum urea (Table 3).

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    plasma of each rat) was pipette into twenty test .... The platelet count showed that the group administered with 200mg/kg dose had the highest significant increase followed by that of. 400mg/kg. The 800mg/kg group did not show any significant ...

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    rme

    hair line, elevation of left shoulder blade and hemangioma over back. Fig. 3: MURCS association with radial club ... time pelvic sonography and pelvic MRI showed absent uterus, fallopian tubes, absent image of both ... 6: MRI pelvis shows absent image of the uterus. DISCUSSION. MURCS association is emerging as the.

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    IndexCopernicus Portal System

    2009-05-03

    May 3, 2009 ... (RCC). Mammogram report showed a dense spiculated mass at right upper outer quadrant and a retroareolar mass associated with clustered micro calcifications. Fine Needle Cytology and trucut biopsy were inconclusive. Computer Topography (CT) abdomen did not show evidence of RCC recurrence.

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    ebutamanya

    2016-05-06

    May 6, 2016 ... nodosum, fever, arthralgia and sicca syndrome. Biological findings showed an inflammatory syndrome, renal failure, proteinuria (1g / 24h), positive ... functional respiratory tests there was distal obstructive deficit with a normal DLCO. Bronchoscopy showed macroscopically normal bronchi. Bronchial ...

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    Dr Olaleye

    Acetylcholine (Ach) relaxation following 10-7M PE pre-contraction was also examined both in the absence (control, n=7) and following 20mins exposure to lead acetate (10-4M, n=7). The results showed that lead acetate significantly increased vascular reactivity to PE in rabbit aortic rings. (P<0.05). The results also showed ...

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    IndexCopernicus Portal System

    on fundus examination with normal disc and macula. There was no history of redness of the eye. No watery discharge was seen. Ultrasound examination showed multiple cystic intraconal spaces (Figure 2) with very low but turbulent flow. CT scan showed multiple hypodense nonenhancing intraconal lobulated lesions ...

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    programmes or entertainments like film shows, sports, concerts, bazaars, musical shows, children .... to budgeting size, which may in turn be influenced by a variety of political, economic, and Social factors. The present economic quagmire has also affected the annual budget on education. In fact, various governments are.

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    FIRST LADY

    worked within the constraint of a model like speech acts to show that the ideological position of affidavit is apparent in its linguistic approach. This paper is therefore interested in filling this gap, concentrating only on speech acts in affidavits. The study is significant in that it shows how a legally and socially situated text such ...

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    Timothy Ademakinwa

    Ikabigbo, SW flank, were assessed using Rock-Eval Pyrolysis and Palynofacies analysis techniques. Results of this preliminary assessment show that organic richness ranges from good to excellent; plot of HI against Tmax shows that its source quality is predominantly of Type III (gas prone Kerogen). Kerogen analysis ...

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    ). importance of this investigation was to develop cheap insecticides which will be available locally as an alternative to other insecticides particularly those to which mosquito show resistance. The crude peel oil extracts were tested at different ...

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    DR. AMINU

    Numerous observational studies show that eating breakfast has a beneficial effect on academic and achievement test ... Regular breakfast consumption is associated with higher intake of several vitamins and minerals, which ... Mineral element concentrations were determined using Zeeman Polarized Atomic Absorption.

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    Dr Olaleye

    Adeniran, et al., 2005). Another recent survey showed that 10% of the PMVs reportedly stocked injectable contraceptives and many of them provided a range of contraceptives including male and female condoms, emergency contraceptives.

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    Biochimie

    2017-11-15

    Nov 15, 2017 ... showing the potential to modulate bone resorption and bone formation. Keywords: Cissus quadrangularis, Cimicifuga racemosa, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Epimedium, Glycine max, Pueraria,. Panax notoginseng, Salvia milthiorriza, osteoporosis, fracture. List of abbreviations: BMD- bone mineral density ...

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    ebutamanya

    2015-10-14

    lasting and difficult to manage perianal and intestinal disease. The diagnosis of Crohn´s disease was established by clinical, radiological, endoscopic and pathological features. MRI showed multiples supra sphincteric fistula, with ...

  17. 76 FR 61351 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... MBR Baseline Tariff Filing to be effective 9/22/2011. Filed Date: 09/22/2011. Accession Number... submits tariff filing per 35.1: ECNY MBR Re-File to be effective 9/22/2011. Filed Date: 09/22/2011... Industrial Energy Buyers, LLC submits tariff filing per 35.1: NYIEB MBR Re-File to be effective 9/22/2011...

  18. On the role of adhesion in single-file dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fouad, Ahmed M.; Noel, John A.

    2017-08-01

    For a one-dimensional interacting system of Brownian particles with hard-core interactions (a single-file model), we study the effect of adhesion on both the collective diffusion (diffusion of the entire system with respect to its center of mass) and the tracer diffusion (diffusion of the individual tagged particles). For the case with no adhesion, all properties of these particle systems that are independent of particle labeling (symmetric in all particle coordinates and velocities) are identical to those of non-interacting particles (Lebowitz and Percus, 1967). We clarify this last fact twice. First, we derive our analytical predictions that show that the probability-density functions of single-file (ρsf) and ordinary (ρord) diffusion are identical, ρsf =ρord, predicting a nonanomalous (ordinary) behavior for the collective single-file diffusion, where the average second moment with respect to the center of mass, , is calculated from ρ for both diffusion processes. Second, for single-file diffusion, we show, both analytically and through large-scale simulations, that grows linearly with time, confirming the nonanomalous behavior. This nonanomalous collective behavior comes in contrast to the well-known anomalous sub-diffusion behavior of the individual tagged particles (Harris, 1965). We introduce adhesion to single-file dynamics as a second inter-particle interaction rule and, interestingly, we show that adding adhesion does reduce the magnitudes of both and the mean square displacement per particle Δx2; but the diffusion behavior remains intact independent of adhesion in both cases. Moreover, we study the dependence of both the collective diffusion constant D and the tracer diffusion constant DT on the adhesion coefficient α.

  19. Computer Forensics Method in Analysis of Files Timestamps in Microsoft Windows Operating System and NTFS File System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vesta Sergeevna Matveeva

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available All existing file browsers displays 3 timestamps for every file in file system NTFS. Nowadays there are a lot of utilities that can manipulate temporal attributes to conceal the traces of file using. However every file in NTFS has 8 timestamps that are stored in file record and used in detecting the fact of attributes substitution. The authors suggest a method of revealing original timestamps after replacement and automated variant of it in case of a set of files.

  20. Comparative evaluation of fracture and defect in reciproc and rotary files in severe curved root canals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdis Bagherian

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Root canal instrumentation is an important phase in root canal therapy. Since success in endodontic treatment depends on file defect and fracture, the aim of this study was to compare the evaluation of defect and fracture in rotary and reciproc files in severe curved root canals. Materials & Methods: In this experimental study, 60 mesial canals of human closed apex molars with more than 30° canal curvature were randomly divided into two groups. In first group M-two rotary files number# 15, 20, and 25 and in second group R25 reciproc file were used for filing, respectively. A ×8 magnifier was applied to evaluate the defect or fracture presence in each side and if it were observed, a new file would be replaced. Therefore, the number of prepared canals with each file and fractured or defective files and the place of fracture in root canal were recorded. Kaplan Meier curve and log rank test were done by using SPSS v.22. Results: In rotary group, seven and two files were fractured and defected, respectively and four files were fractured and no defect was observed in reciproc group. Although the mean of the number of prepared canals until fracture or defect in rotary and reciproc groups was 3.3 and 7.06, respectively, there were no significant differences between two systems. All file’s fractures occurred in apical regions . Conclusion: The results showed that there was no significant difference in defects or fractures of rotary and reciproc systems. Reciproc instruments can be more effective than rotary ones because the root canal preparation in rotary instruments is longer than in reciproc system.

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    diameter) of the analysed underground cable is good compared with the standard conductor, the overhead cable has a poor load bearing capability. SEM and EDX analyses show that both the underground and the overhead cables contain impurities that are deleterious to the structure and their functional properties, More ...

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    acid-fast bacilli, and culture yielded bacteria sensitive to erythromycin. Plain chest radiographs showed an anterior midiastinal shadow with associated ... homogenous fashion as earlier reported. 5. Frequently, amorphous calcifications may be scattered throughout the tumour. representing malformed teeth of bones.

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    Dr. Luambano

    situation which continued despite the accreditation of many private universities and the provision of university status for .... The findings show that the respondents used a number of ways: browsing the shelves (53 or 88.3%) ... A study by Rajabu (2003) also revealed that browsing the shelves was a major method deployed.

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    mwakagugu

    healing. The soft tissue overlying the edentulous alveolar ridge showed good signs of healing. Other teeth present exhibited an optimum periodontal health. Radiological examination revealed marked alveolar bone loss from right central incisor to left second premolar region and the patient was diagnosed as type V Cantor ...

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    Conclusion: This study showed initial evidence of the use of plant materials by Togolese TH to heal asthma. These ..... kernel, latex and inflorescence followed the same trend and were less used for the healing of asthma. Liana. Herbs. Tree ..... alveolar lavage and eosinophil peroxidase in lungs by treatment. (Oliveira et al.

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    the pyrimidine ring in UA, while the Cd in Ca(UA), 2H,O is coordinated to the nitrogen and the carbonyl of the imidazole ring. Except for Cd all the metal ions form five membered ring complexes with uric acid. The calculated integral absorbance shows all the complexes contain triketo-form of uric acid. The stability constants ...

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    Administrator

    PPP in the normotensive group; however in the hypertensive group, uric acid levels remained significantly higher. (t=2.06; p<0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion this study showed that pregnancy generally reduced the concentration of antioxidants but vitamin C levels were higher in late pregnancy of normotensive women.

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    s m m '. o o o g. Pcrcunt Iurvlvlng. N o. Follow-up (months). Fig. 3: Kaplan-Meier curve showing progression-free sur- vival of the whole series. TURBT before inclusion into the study and the development of recurrence or muscle-invasive progression. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to estimate recurrence-free and ...

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    Osondu

    measurement programme. The aim was to determine the characteristic of urban heat island in ... The heat Island is an example of unintentional climate modification when Urbanization changes the characteristic .... elevations are between 182.88 meters and. 219.45 meters above the sea level. Below is a table showing the ...

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    USER

    kinetic studies showed that the adsorption reaction of fluoride removal by hydrated alumina can be well described ... mixed with lime, has been introduced in many countries, e.g. India, Kenya, Senegal, Ethiopia, and Tanzania ... water containing fluoride concentration exceeding 10 mg/L is not feasible from economic and.

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    The plasma levels of AST in myocardial infarction rats (G2), rats treated with mixture pomegranate juice and propolis extract (G5) and ..... group PJ is rich in polyphenols and showed high ability as free radicals inhibition and lowered LDL oxidation(Gil et al., 2000 .... platelet O2- production, ThrombHaemost., vol. 90: 317-325.

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    Administrator

    2010-03-08

    Mar 8, 2010 ... presented to us with muscle, skin, and systemic manifestations of dermatomyositis. Our aim is to show the effect of HIV infection ... However, she did not receive any steroid therapy since the diagnosis of autoimmune ... suppression to undetectable level (less than 400 viral copies/ul) and increase in CD4 cell ...

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    production in Malawi, how the oppressive dictatorial Banda regime affected literary output and how the stiff censorship .... Characterization is so weak that in most cases the reader concludes the story without an everlasting ... authors choose not to explicitly or 'convincingly' show the setting of their stories to make their works ...

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    userpc

    weight/L), and on the 10th (9.20) for pH. The biodegradation effi at ambient temperature. This showed that Bacillus cereus can be u. DMF from textile effluent. eus, Biodegradation, Efficiency, Dimethylformamide, Textile effluent ortant in the economic erdeveloped country. The that all the developed roke the vicious circle of.

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    Cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy is also called cryptogenic heart disease and now designated dilated cardiomyopathy. An autopsy study in 1959 showed that cardiomyopathy constituted 33% of all cardiac deaths.” By 1976 this had fallen to 14.1%.” Clinicians claim that the incidence has fallen even further. Surely this.

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    komla

    evolutionary models, in which natural selection plays a predominant role. Introduction terized. Eight out of 22 isozyme systems. Isozymes are direct gene products and are showed good resolution. Six of the enzymes the most widely used molecular markers by malate dehydrogenase (MDH), shikimate plant breeders.

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    GB

    bone spur development was detected (Fig. 2). Figure 2. Antero-posterior radiograph showing spur development in the left angle of the mandible. Then, extraction of the lower second molar was done and muscle relaxant was prescribed. (Diazepam 5mg for five days) and patient reassurance was provided accordingly.

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    Locally Distilled Medicinal Spirit From a Brew Containing ... of hypertension. The aim of the study was o see the blood pressure reducing effect of the residue from "Gibto Arekei" in the alternative normotensive laboratory animal model .... show blood pressure reducing effects of phenobarbital induced anesthesia and.

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    2002-02-02

    Feb 2, 2002 ... sanction abuse and violence as a way of life(2). Women are most frequently the target of sexual violence ... In 1992 Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) sponsored an international conference on the same ... a completed rape in their life time(8). Prevalence studies in USA in 1992 showed that at ...

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    Abstract: A total of 283 diabetic patients (112 type -1 and the rest Type -2) were followed between September 1996 and July ... complications (33% of Type -1 and 16.9% of Type -2) with diabetic nephropathy showing significant difference between ... extremities, especially the legs and feet; (c) neuropathy which can affect ...

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    'who is at risk. Such kindof information is also useful for efficient use of resources in the fight against epidemic. There are several'studies on knowledge, attitude and practice of various population groups towardsHIV/AIDS in the world. Encouraging results were found to show the baseline risk behavior and also to follow the.

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    rhodesiense, and KETRI 243-As~10—3, a pentamidine and melarsol-resistant clone of. Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. The trypanocidal activities determined as ICSO values are given in Table 2 showing that compound 2 exhibited significant inhibitory activity against the three trypanosome strains. The results of the ...

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    2008-12-02

    Dec 2, 2008 ... Nigeria, almost all plants are medicinal and the application in medicine is currently well acknowledged and ... showed G2 DNA damage check inhibition and antimitotic activity. The elemental composition ... document the antibacterial activities of the extracts of the plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS.

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    Preferred Customer

    methyl]phenol (IPIMP) were studied with air and NaOCl as oxidants in an aqueous alkaline medium between 50 and 90 °C. Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) showed that the number-average molecular weight (Mn), weight-average ...

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    identifying risk of T2DM and CVD. Whilst the prevalence of MetS is higher in Whites than Blacks, Blacks show a higher prevalence of T2DM, hypertension and CVDs. This discordance may be due to the fact that while Whites display the classic pattern of elevated triglyceride (TG) and low HDL-C, Blacks usually have normal ...

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    An excision biopsy of both the orbital mass and the breast lump was reported as follows. Histology of the orbital specimen showed a cellular mass composed ofdiffuse sheets of pleomorphic cells with ve- sicular nucleiwith 2-3 prominentnucleoli. The cells occa- sional formacinistructures containing PAS positive mate- rials.

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    spamer

    Port Shepstone. Port Edward. Witsand. Orange River. MOÇAMBIQUE. E. S. False Bay. Not sampled. Fig. 1: Map of South Africa showing the four study regions and ... (2) where j is weekdays or weekends, ei is the number of anglers per kilometre on the ith day, d is the number of days sampled, p is the potential number of ...

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    outlets were screened for chloramphenicol residues using ELISA technique. The results showed that 50% of the farmers reported administering chloramphenicol to their flocks. Also the survey of five veterinary drugs retail outlets revealed four brands of antibiotics sold for .... on shelves of veterinary drug stores in Ibadan.

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    This point shows the operation of a genetic base in the population structures of the two gene pools which contributed to the difference in their number of seeds per head. Fir-genotypes were recorded in the accession numbers 15005, 15012, 15024,. 15054, 15055, 15067, and 15199. Usually 2-5 fused heads were observed ...

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    Proff.Adewunmi

    The lungs in most cases of both groups treated with RH strains and type I and III showed diffuse interstitial pneumonia (Fig.6). The alveolar wall revealed hyperplasia and .... toxoplasmosis (Thapar et al., 1988), and was confirmed to stimulate higher parasite load in guinea pigs (Flori, 2002). Although, type I strain group were ...

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    muscia. Fig. 1: Smooth muscle cell contraction/relaxation. From: Saenz de Tejada I et al. Anatomy, Physiology and Pathophysiology of. ED.8. (Fig. 8). There is accumulating data support- ing this explanation. An increased number of occluded coronary arteries is correlated to the severity of ED9. Montorsi showed that a ...

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    De Don

    conversion of 87.3% respectively. In this fed-batch method, the substrate was being fed at a constant feeding rate of 0.1174 L/h. The results obtained for the production of biomass, reducing sugar consumption and ethanol are shown in Fig. I and 2. The results showed that biomass and ethanol concentration increased with ...

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    USER

    2014-11-17

    Nov 17, 2014 ... well the data satisfies assumptions of parametric or non-parametric statistical analysis methods. Studies show that, unless the assumption of normal distribution for parametric statistics is ... forecasting and smoothening technique that projects the future ... also to administer 30 quantitative questionnaires to ...

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    user

    The gall bladder eventually collapses due to fibrosis while the terminal bile ducts become dilated. A calculus is usually found in the cystic duct or in the Hartman's pouch. This presents an unusual and specific cause of obstruction of the terminal bile ducts. Patients present with obstructive jaundice. Cholangiography shows ...

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    criminal violence across and within countries are generally relatively well understood. This holds even more for homicidal violence: it is controllable and should, therefore, be preventable.7 Studies undertaken from around the world show homicide to be concentrated amongst certain identifiable groups and locations.8 The ...

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    Magashi

    2013-06-01

    Jun 1, 2013 ... had ample amounts of riboflavin, thiamin and niacin. Rice bran had the highest amount of pyridoxine,. 28.6mg/100g, while pantothenate was present more in the milk (8.2mg/100g) than other materials analysed. The mineral composition of the materials analysed showed that they have fairly uniform potency ...

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    STORAGESEVER

    2009-07-20

    Jul 20, 2009 ... control of citrus leaf-miner (CLM), phylocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in laboratory ... Analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences between treatments and control, and also ..... Phyllocnistis citrella: Un insecto plaga de importancia económica en la citricultura de ...

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    FOMCS2

    Human T-cell lymphotropic virus in a population of pregnant women and commercial sex workers in South ... The results of this study thus show that HTLV infection is active in the population although higher in pregnant women ... endemic areas such as Japan, intertropical Africa, the. Caribbean's and surrounding regions.

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    FIRST LADY

    between importance of the facilities to their work and available facilities show that only radio (r=0.567) and ... there is no relationship between the importance of ICT tools to practitioners work schedule and their ... out that the facilitating rural development is to improve the standard of living of the rural population, which is ...

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    cadewumi

    1,3, Wen-Chi Chen*4. 1Department of Urology, Chang Bing Show Chwan Memorial Hospital, 2Department of Life ..... with WLS was first recorded in the book written by Ken-Tang Wang entitled “Zheng Zhi Zhun Sheng” (standards of patterns and treatment) during the Ming Dynasty (late sixteenth century). Since that time, the ...

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    The fact that the physico-chemical characteristics and fatty acid profile are comparable to common vegetable oils shows that the B. toxisperma oil of the researched species from Cameroon is a potential source of valuable oil which might be used for edible, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and other industrial applications. This.

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    user

    2010-06-06

    Jun 6, 2010 ... H.pylori eradication treatment during the subsequent follow up period. The clinical presentation and out come measure showed that there was 21/32 male and 11/32 female patients (M: F→1.9:1). Mean age at presentation was 36+/-15.2 years (range 10 to 65 years). The highest age specific prevalence ...

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    changes in their weekly live body weight, semen parameters, testicular, epididymal biometry and testosterone profile. The puppies were ... The result showed a positive linear relationship (P<0.05) between the age and body weight of the dogs with R .... the percentage of sperm cells in a unidirectional progressive movement.

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    Onyii Ogbonna

    transforms Nigeria into a leading player in global food markets to grow wealth for millions of farmers. This vision if not .... factors. Entries in the Table show that factors that loaded high under funding/manpower related factors (factor 1) were poor funding to research (0.657), poor funding to teaching (0.651), lack of manpower ...

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    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... collected via video recordings and coded post match using Studiocode® analysis software. The straight .... professional elite players had recorded significantly more forehand shots (n=2250) during games followed by ... Results from the women's and men's types of strokes frequency showed the average.

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    jen

    Using Gustilo's Classification, Grade III were 48.7% of which 17.6% were Grade IIIa,. 23.8% Grade IIIb and 7.3% Grade IIIc. Comminuted fractures ... right antibiotic reduced the risk of infection by 14 – 20 %. Cauchoix et al3 showed the ... cases received no tetanus prophylaxis. The antibiotics prescribed were in the family of.

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    the extracts on the urease activity of the Helicobacter pylori strains showed that urease activity of all the strains decreased with ... detected. Allium ascalonicum bulb has some therapeutic potential against Helicobacter pylori, which may be explored by ... with honey and carrot juice for the treatment of cartcer. It has also been ...

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    Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Tanz. J. Sci. Vol. 29(1) 2003. Fig. 1: Map of part of Dar es Salaam Region showing the mangrove stands that were studied. 63. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page 10. Page 11. Page 12. Page 13. Page 14. Page 15. Page 16.

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    provided protection against survival and growth of pathogenic microorganisms. However, bodies .... The preliminary information collected from Ayib handlers showed some unhygienic activities of handlers and indicated the likelihood of Ayib contamination. Since all interviewed ... cheese type the count of E. coli and.

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    Ocean showed elevated levels for most of the metals. (Stanton ct al, 1983). Aerial transport ofprccursors of acid rain cause leaching of heavy metals to sediments and suspension in the water column. Metals mobilized in soil and sediment as a result of deposition are cadmium, zinc, arsenic and selenium. (Maugh, 1984).

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    Proff.Adewunmi

    Materials and Methods: Three millilitres venous blood was collected from each of one hundred and seventy nine patients presenting with fever in the last two weeks, and ..... This study showed that those without blood transfusion had a statistically significant value of 0.029 at 95% CI and anti-dengue. IgM antibody in them.

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    Data were collected using the copper calorimeter, a thermometer, an air tight burner and a weight balance. The results showed a gradual decrease in the quantity of heat produced as combustion time increased from 10 40 minutes in all wood species. Significant differences (p<0.05) in the quantity of heat produced both.

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    Unicornis

    2012-05-01

    May 1, 2012 ... prevention of the enzymatic browning, catalysed by polyphenol oxidases (PPO) and peroxidases (POD) showed that the phenol extract ... sorbate), whereas all extracts of M. suaveolens presented only a minor effect on POD of apple. The radical scavenging ..... quality changes in green peas. J. Food Sci.

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    2005-01-27

    Jan 27, 2005 ... the study shows that generally, TRMM OS has the best estimate. It has the lowest bias and root mean square error in all the seasons considered. The TRMM-PR has the highest bias and random errors. It has also been shown that the mean bias for all the algorithms for the whole continent is smallest in ...

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    ointment preparations intended for external use (4.9%), and personal care products (4.796). Documented cases of saponated cresol poisoning in our locality .... Before skin denudation. After skin denudation. Figure 1: Image showing patient before and after skin denudation,. iſ) ophthalmic exposure to saponated cresol,.

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    flow in the popliteal artery in the neutral position. This case report involves a 31- year-old fit, active man who was an enthusiastic runner. He had no histo- ry of smoking. ... cular surgeon requested a convention- al angiogram which showed normal popliteal arteries in the neutral posi- tion (Fig. 1) but total occlusion of.

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    A brain MRI showed multiple lesions at the level of the pineal region, the suprasellar region and in the right pontocerebellar angle. Tumor markers were positive. He underwent radiation therapy and chemotherapy with good recovery. To the best of our knowledge no similar case was described in the African literature before.

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    EB

    2013-09-03

    Sep 3, 2013 ... in the brain. Methanol which forms 10% of the by- products of aspartame is a toxic compound converted in the liver to formaldehyde that is neurotoxic and carcinogenic 7. Reports on the effects of aspartame in body cells is controversial; while 8 links brain tumors to worldwide Aspartame use, 9 showed that ...

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    hanumantp

    Melioidosis is a zoonotic disease caused by an accidental pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei. The organism is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. The mortality of melioidosis is 20-50% even with treatment.[1] Melioidosis has been called the “Great Imitator” because the disease does not show any specific ...

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    Sensitization of singlet oxygen. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Figure 2 shows the emission and absorption spectra of CUR and Th. The emission spectrum of CUR (normalised at 520 nm) overlaps with the absorption spectrum of Th with the overlap integral of 4.7 x 10'13 (equation ( 1). 2.50. 2.00. Absotbanee. 1.00. 0.50 ".

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    cysts nor protozoa. Retroviral screening was negative. Barium enema, however, showed loss of colonic haustration in the descending colon and spiky projections on the mucosa of the sigmoid colon and rectum, Fig. 1. These were in keeping with chronic idiopathic ulcerative colitis. She responded to an initial treatment with ...

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    African J. TradCAM

    The MICs of antimicrobial agents employed as the primary therapeutic drugs for gonorrhea were high. (Table 2). Discussion. Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains showed high resistance to the first line therapeutic agents commonly used for the treatment of gonorrhoea. The findings of our ...

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    normal. Ultrasonography revealed a large sonolucent cyst in the lower abdomen, while. CT scan showed a well-defined, hypodense, multiseptate mass behind the urinary bladder and anterior to the uterus (Fig. l). The liver, spleen and other viscera were normal. An ovarian cyst was suspected, and the patient was therefore ...

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    abp

    2012-07-28

    Jul 28, 2012 ... The presence of fungi of various species, Rhizopus,. Mucor and penicillin were also observed. Table 5 shows the pattern of bacterial pathogens isolated from fomites. Coagulase negative. Staphylococcus was the most frequently isolated bacteria 34(28.3%) followed by P. aeruginosa 28(23.3%), Strept spp.

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    gamma ray treated and untreated yam true seeds, showed that, at the MV, generation, increasing doses of gamma rays ... (p=0.01) between first generation tuber sett weight and second generation tuber yield (r. = 0.46), first generation tuber shape ... til 1982), "The stand population was 5 ()() y in stands her block and these ...

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    Paralegals play a valuable role in reducing prison overcrowding by locating the family members of pre-trial detainees and facilitating bail hearings. This article gives an overview of paralegal services in a number of African countries, and shows how these services are assisting thousands of pre- trial detainees and accused ...

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    Only the level of loan profitability and size of loan spent on approVed enterprises contributed significantly to .... commercial banks, 9.8% took more loan from informal sources. This finding shows that both formal and informal .... enterprise as well as profitability are significant determinants of loan repayment, loans sizes need.

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    Neurosurgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Anmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital,. Zaria, Nigeria. Reprint requests to: Dr. ... A computed tomography scan of the brain showed left frontal extradural haematoma. The patient recovered following craniotomy and evacuation of the haematoma. KEW WORDS: Extradural ...

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    Associated compression of the ipsilateral ventricle indicated a local mass effect. The Nigerian ... Figure 1 A coalrart enhanced axial image showing a right parasaggital mass lesion with surrounding oedema ... absolute dependence even in CT images. 5. In view of the above unusual clinical and radiological findings, at ...

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    in the more industrialized regions of the world showed that the residue levels in human milk in this location in. Nigeria is higher than the world's average, while it is several factors less than the average obtained from some. African countries. 1. Introduction -. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with their high persistence in the ...

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    ÿþU s e r

    Her chest was clinically clear .The abdomen was flat, with no organomegaly. Vaginal examination showed a firm uterus irregularly enlarged to the size of a ten week pregnancy. A clinical diagnosis of multiple uterine fibroids with chronic pelvic inflammatory disease was made. Investigations included PCV 29, WBC 2,700/dl,.

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    USER

    2017-06-01

    Jun 1, 2017 ... The oint action toxicity data showed a synergistic effect in mixtures of insecticide and detergents in all ratios (1:1, 1:4, 1:1:1) than when acting alone. ... Detergents bioaccumulate in an aquatic organism (Dara, 1993), biomagnify in the food chain (Farkas et al., 2002) resulting in cell damage. (Chibuzor,.

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    Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted from October 13-. 28,2004. ... Other background characteristics like educational status, sex, place of residence, religion, age. Occupation of subjects and their knowledge about HIV/AIDS and VCCT did not show ... million adults and children are living with.

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    USER

    Magnetism. Magnetic measurements were carried out in the range 250-2 K. The magnetic curves χ(T). (Figure 1 and 2) show a maximum at about 108 K and 101 K, respectively. The presence of this maximum indicates clearly antiferromagnetic interactions. Their χT versus T curves decrease with the temperature (Figures 3 ...

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    ADOWIE PERE

    chromatography (GC). The results showed that the double salts were able to alter the ... Keywords: Diesel, double salt, Hydrocarbons, Gas Chromatography. The largest source of hydrocarbons found in nature is crude oil. .... Toxicology: In theory and practice. Jeso. International, Owerri, pp71-90. Wellinton, B F, Asmus, A F ...

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    approach it is the very model of what modern War and Societies Studies should be. War and Society in Early Modern ... It probes the realities of life for the common soldier, including medical provisions and the ... civilian society, and describes the destitution and life of crime that was the fate of those who were not. He shows ...

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    N-Arylhydroxamic acids have been used as analytical reagents for several metal ions (1,2). These reagents have also been applied for the gravimetric (3,4) and ..... ions. Results obtained (Fig. 2) show that at 5 M chloride level the minimum concentration of the acid, as HCl, for the quantitative extraction of N5(V) was found to ...

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    DR. AMINU

    K-means model clustering procedure was used to group the 5 accessions based on their genetic relationship. A dendrogram was generated from the. SCLA to display position of accessions and their distance similarity. RESULTS. Results are presented in Tables2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 as well as figure 1. Table 2 shows means and ...

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    natural .and that human breast milk is a unique and appropriate food for full term healthy neonates, controversy continues to dog the recomniendation that babies should be breast-“fed for the first six months of life. In this paper, evidence is presented to show that while human milk alone can provide adequate macro- and ...

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    DR Nneka

    2015-01-13

    Jan 13, 2015 ... African societies as “tribes” which were isolated and antagonistic to each other in their co-existence. This paper shows that societies in Africa had ... The fact of inter-group relations does not annul the existence of conflict. ... also negates the rational and logical instinct and intelligence of man to construct.

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    AJRH Managing Editor

    reproductive health interventions to the reality of young people's sexuality and relationships. .... more often victims of sexual coercion, while men are more likely to be perpetrators26. A study by. Andersson et al.27 shows that age is an intermediary factor in this relationship: ... undermines women's ability to refuse unwanted.

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    students' learning in economics and environmental science, focusing in particular on conceptions of learning in economics. The results show that, among a group of 11 students entering a masters course on Sustainable. Enterprising at Stockholm University, a majority of the students having a major in the natural sciences.

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    greatest in patients treated with monotherapy with either diuretic or reserpine, intermediate with two drug combi- nations and least with 3 or 4 drugs. The data showed that diuretics were marginally better than reserpine as first line monotherapy. Furthermore, any diuretic based 2-drug regime was equally efficacious although ...

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    2004-09-09

    Sep 9, 2004 ... chest deformity. A two dimensional echocardiogram and colour flow map showed situs solitus with a levocardia. Two atria and two ventricles were seen with a patent foramen ovale. The ventricular septum was intact. The great vessel relationship was normal and there was good kinesis of the left ventricle.

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    marrow and abundant unmineralized and. The patient was placed on Furosemide, digoxin calcified osteoid (figure 2.0 and 3.0). The and multivitamin therapy. On the third day after kidneys showed a diffuse tubular degeneration presentation, the patient became recumbent and and coagulative necrosis, cortical interstitial.

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    Innocent E. Bello

    purpose challenges. ... analysis. Analyzing 2012 QuickBird image as a proof of concept, the study shows that the object- based approach had a higher overall accuracy (OA= 98.75%) than the pixel-based .... Hay et al., (2001) defined the objects in.

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    DR. AMIN

    Gadagi” tea preparations,. “sak'',”sada” and “magani”.. LD50 values of each type of the tea were determined. Results of phase. I and phase II of the study showed no mortality was recorded in any of the experimental groups of rats in 24hours ...

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    Finally we kept a distance of 1—2 mm between the probe or the quartz fiber and the stone prior to initiating lithotripsy.21~22. In conclusion, the results of this study show that Holmium laser represents an important and reliable treatment modality for bladder and/or urethral stones in children with regard to safety and efficacy.

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    70.4%) as the main motivation for their action. This corroborates the findings of DiBella et al (1991), which showed that nearly half of the respondents in their study also cited public education as the main motivation. The data from this study do not ...

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    Data from the Chancellor College Meteorological Station shows that average annual air temperatures from 1980-1993 have risen by around 1°C. The question must be asked "has global warming come to Zomba? " As there are no records of annual CO2 levels for. Zomba the global warming theory cannot be disapproved.

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    De Don

    charged porphyrins. The UV-VIS absorption spectra of the samples were measured hourly for the firSt six hours. (after mixing the two porphyrin compounds) and then on a 24 hourly basis for 96 hour period. The spectra show a decrease in absorbance accompanied by a broadening of the absorption bands especially the J- ...

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    Mubeen

    euthanized under chloroform vapor on the 31st day of the experiment, and the testes were carefully harvested and fixed in. 10% formol saline for histological studies. Results: Histological results of treated group revealed significant changes in testes histoarchitecture (the control showed normal histoarchitecture).

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    Dr Olaleye

    morphometric evaluations were not significantly different, behavioural studies show that CLSE and VIT E significantly (p<0.05) increased the ..... Histogram of behavioural tests in the open field experiments in control and treated groups. (A) Horizontal .... ciprofloxacin on testicular function of male Guinea pigs,. Asian Jour.

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    USER

    2016-12-17

    Dec 17, 2016 ... Table 1 shows the correlation matrix of the linear association between the households' characteristics; land characteristics and land accessibility in the high density area. The household and land characteristics were the independent variables while the dependent variable was land accessibility (length of ...

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    GB

    . She was non-reactive for retroviral infection. A left hand x-ray showed soft tissue swelling and lytic lesions involving the whole of proximal phalanx of the 2nd phalanx with mild widening. The adjacent bones and joints as well as the articulate ...

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    Twenty dogs of local breeds found in Nigeria, experimentally infected with local isolate of canine distemper virus, manifested fever, conjunctivitis, photophobia salivation, anorexia, dermatitis, and diarrhoea. Apart from these clinical signs already described for the disease in other breeds of dogs,. 45% of the dogs showed ...

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    Prof

    Bowel sounds were absent and rectal examination showed an empty normal rectum. Examination of the other systems was unremarkable. A clinical diagnosis of generalized peritonitis secondary to ... malignant tumors of the colon . The jejuno-jejunal variety of ... University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State. A 31 year-old ...

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    FOBUR

    one of the greatest challenges in the treatment of people with mental illness. There are varying estimates of medication adherence within the psychiatric population based on disease states. (Major depressive disorder: 28-52%, bipolar disorder 20-50%, schizophrenia: 20-72% and. 4 anxiety disorders 57%). Studies shows ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    abdominal pain and protrusion of a fleshy mass from the lower aspect of the anterior abdominal wall of one day duration. She was misdiagnosed ... diagnosis. On the second day of admission she o became quite febrile 38.7 C despite antibiotic cover. Her results showed a haematocrit of 33%, all other test results were within ...

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    AmL

    accuracy 94.4%. Conclusions: This study showed the great variability of lesions in the right iliac fossa and of therapeutic surgical procedures. Not every pain is due to appendicitis; and hasty diagnosis must be avoided. Multislice CT and multiplanner reformatted images were markedly valuable in providing diagnostic signs, ...

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    Preferred Customer

    ABSTRACT. Eu3+-doped YInGe2O7 phosphors were prepared via a solid-state reaction with metal oxides and their excitation and emission spectra were measured at room temperature. The results showed that pure-phase. YInGe2O7 could be obtained after firing at 1250 °C. The maximum photoluminescence intensity of.

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    spamer

    The method is based on the theory of progressive counts and on-site roving interviews of ... 1: Map of the Namibian coastline showing the two main recreational areas for shore-anglers (shaded) and the location .... 2: A hypothetical roving survey graph for time of day versus distance along the stretch of beach surveyed (0 ...

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    physiotherapy

    There were no statistical difference between the sensitivities of the partially purified BLIS and the crude. BLIS (P > 0.05). The findings of this study show that BLIS produced by vaginal Lactobacilli spp. can be used as probiotics for the control of GBS and that combining the BLIS may be more effective. Keywords: Antibacterial ...

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    daud

    2013-04-24

    Apr 24, 2013 ... ability of cotton callus culture to scavenge H2O2 produced as a result of the activity of SOD. Our results show that both agents caused greater damage to the membranous structure in comparison to less activation of the antioxidants. As a whole, the overall change regarding fresh weight growth rates was.

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    Pre-eclampsia and hyperemesis gravidarum were slightly more frequent in CHM than PHM. Table 4 reveals the gestational age (GA) distribution. GA was available in 30 of the 34 cases.None of the cases had a GA of less than seven weeks. Twenty (65.4%) cases were between 11-18 weeks gestation. Table 5 and 6 show ...

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    Fr. Ikenga

    1976-03-23

    Mar 23, 1976 ... Key words: Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act 2015, Nigeria, Gender, Comparative Analysis. 1. Introduction. That Nigerian statute books are replete with laws (legislations), is no longer a debatable issue. The problem is how far .... The picture in the simplified version which shows where a man was ...

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    YDessalegn

    recommended for buffer management. Keywords: TCP; delay ... importance, the standard TCP does not perform well in high bandwidth delay .... reduce the time for reading the bits, this buffering concept could be implemented. Fig. 3 shows the situation after the buffers are created. These buffers are named as b1 and b2.

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    BRAIN IMAGING AND URODYNAMIC CORRELATION IN PATIENTS WITH CEREBROVASCULAR STROKE. Fig. 1: A: CT scan of a patient with a frontal lesion atfect~ ing the sphincteric area. B: Cystometrogram of the same patient showing involuntary low amplitude detrusor con- traction with concomitant sphincter ...

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    approach under combined epidural and ge- neral anaesthesia. At operation, a huge yellow- ish right adrenal mass ... mal adrenal tissue was grossly identified. Microscopy showed residual normal cortical adrenal tissue compressed ... the retroperitoneal space'. The'age at pre- sentation of reported cases of adrenal myelo-.

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    outpatients register of the Dental department showed 1 10 patients with mandibular fractures for 5 years period between 1990 — 1994. .... can lead to tissue breakdown and implant failure. In fact, some studies on implants have demonstrated titanium the most biocompatible material in the lymphatics“. However, none of our.

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    2002-02-02

    Feb 2, 2002 ... Setting: Hai district of Kilimanjaro region in Tanzania. Subjects: All perinatal deaths within one year. Results: The perinatal mortality was 58 per 1000 (121 deaths and 2088 live births). Verbal autopsy could establish the cause of death in 105 of the 121 deaths. Hospital records showed. 79 deaths indicating ...

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    userpc

    Maigari, A. U*. 1. Department of. 2. Department. 3. Department. *Corresponding autho. ABSTRACT. This study determined the levels of some m major source of drinking water to Gombe metals were then used to determine the c total hazard index on both adults and chi metals determined. The results showed tha health risk ...

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    De Don

    temperature in capped universal bottles containing. 5% formalin (Richards and Lewis, 2001). Some of the worms were cleared and mounted in Amman's. Lactophenol on clean glass slides, covered with cover. + correspon~ing author( en:ail: yomi_show~mimo@yahoo.com). *Presented 1n part at the Frrst Faculty of Scrence ...

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    Dr. Ahmed

    Federal College of Education Pankshin in order to determine whether there is significant variation in the categories of feeds given. The result shows that there was no significant effect in the ... While some of the disadvantages of the split-plot design include the following: 1. Statistical analysis is complicated because different.

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    revealed Pseudomonas aeruginosa and echocardiography showed a large vegetation on the tricuspid valve, confirming the diagnosis of IE. The patient improved after catheter removal and treatment with ceftazidime, vancomycin and amikacin. Another patient who was maintained on chronic HD through a tunneled catheter.

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    Dean SPGS NAU

    transatlantic slave trade in Spanish-speaking America (the terms. Afro-Hispanics, Afro-Latino, or blacks will ... blacks in Hispanic society hand in hand with the question of whether. Afro-Latinos are a stigmatized group in ... Investigations by Wade (1997:51–. 57), Dulitzky (2001) and Preston (2012) show that the governments.

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    Owner

    as a means of self-preservation, while Djebar's characters, on the other hand, use techniques ranging from writing to outright protest to show ..... to will her husband into sensing the desire that burned within her and so continuing ...... Picasso later imposed, do I hope for a concrete and daily liberation of women”. If all Muslim ...

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    primarily for the production of artemisinin, as part of our studies on the chemical composition of essential oil from A. annua grown in ..... protocols. Results:V. paradoxa stem bark extract showed neither trypanocidal nor trypanostatic activities while A. leiocarpus stem bark extract was found to be trypanostatic at 62.5 and 125 ...

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    GB

    2013-07-02

    Jul 2, 2013 ... Multilevel logistic regression models were used to explore the associations between trichiasis ..... logistic regression analysis, no explanatory factors showed a statistically significant association with trichiasis .... management of supply chain needs to be addressed to ensure that the appropriate surgical.

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    evaluation of the cervical canal, the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes after ... acceptance as an alternative approach , this is an ultrasound based method in which the contrast is injected into the fallopian tubes through the cervical canal. When HSG is ... Table 1 shows the age distribution of the patients. Their ages ranged ...

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    acer

    acid (BLA) level is dependent on the rate of lactate production by glycolysis and its utilization as a substrate, and lactate production increases with the degree of exercise intensity (Takeda et al., 2011). Consequently, BLA is one of the important indicators for judging the degree of fatigue. In this study, the data showed that ...

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    patients did not present with acute PID or might have started self medication with antibiotics prior to presentation. This study shows that the commonest findings on bimanual pelvic examination were uterine and adnexal tenderness each occurring in 339 patients (69.3%), closely followed by lower abdominal tenderness in ...

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    fire7-

    2016-10-05

    Oct 5, 2016 ... resistance in food barley (Hordeum vulgaris L.) ... rust isolates. The result showed that, the QTLs for host basal resistance and the QTL for nonhost basal resistance have a significant (P<0.05) effect on both homologous and heterologous .... Four isolates of rust fungi were used in infection studies (Table 2).

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    TonukariJ

    Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of 16S-23S rDNA intergenic spacer region (IGS) directly applied on ... phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that they belong to the genus,. Bradyrhizobium. .... sterile water with plastic pestle sterilised in 96% ethanol in a 1,5-ml. Eppendorf tube.

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    In Part II, Voigt provides a clear exposition of Augustines' s Comenius and Kant's conceptualisation of peace (pp. 146-60) and recommends Comenius' notion of ... normative ethics' he shows that all other philosophies are 'subjectocentrically constructed', and as such they all 'restrict human beings from transcending their.

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    moulding using standard hot melt compounding technique shows that the dye has no significant effect on the tensile properties of UPVC. However, addition of the dye to LDPE reduces the ... plastics to enhance appearance, beauty, attraction or appeal to consumers i.e. for aesthetic purposes. Colouring additive although ...

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    Natalie Hazen Burclaff

    Generally, the pricier cards correlate to Friends of the Library cards, libraries in higher population areas, and cards for out-of-state residents. Within the list of card names, there are various pricing levels. Table 1 shows the different characteristics of each card. Whenever there were different pricing strategies for one card, ...

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    2012-09-22

    Sep 22, 2012 ... determined the social-political and economic roles and responsibilities of individuals in the. Oromo society and show the ... Various socio-political rights and responsibilities are associated with each group. Accordingly, the system ..... helped to maintain Safuu (moral and ethical order) in Oromo society by ...

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    Tracie1

    delineating the conflicts and struggles between individuals and social .... He felt a writer's responsibility lies in addressing this anomaly. .... This is an ethical imperative for Nigerian dramatists and writers as a whole. The core issue here is the role of the dramatist and or writer, his intellect showing concern to the plight of the.

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    ajiboro

    Table III: Knowledge of prevention of high blood pressure. Table III showed the knowledge of prevention of hypertension. Among the participants, 200 (80%) believed that it can be prevented with healthy diet and 169 (67%) by avoiding excessive salt. As regards the participants' attitude to hypertension, a large majority 237 ...

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    USER

    ABSTRACT. This study describes the organizational structure and marketing processes of the traditional agricultural marketing system with emphasis on the links between the village producer and the urban consumer using four food grains staple crops marketed in Zaria marketing area. The findings of the study showed that ...

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    daddy

    showed that HIV-1, HIV-2 HIV and HCV rates were generally higher for those involved in polygamous relationships as compared to those in monogamous relationships. There was a marginally significant relationship (p<0.05) between. HIV and marriage but not with the duration of marriage. HIV was significantly associated.

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    and hypocrisy“. The passages referred to above, in the Aene/d seek ultimately to show that Rome's supremacy was pre-ordained. However, we need not forget that for all its incisive presentation of historical facts, the Aeneid remains but a poet's picture of the world, where human affairs are controlled by human, superhuman ...

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    MICHAEL HORSFALL

    variable at a catchment scale. This study showed that at catchment scale forest land stored more carbon and nitrogen than rangeland and crop field. These differences can most probably be accounted for by vegetation percent cover. Our results can also help understand the major biogeochemical cycles that influence soil ...

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    Experimental animals & Design after infection and after treatment. Whole. Twenty sexually ... brands of trypanocidal drugs; Pantezine and Table 2 shows the basal values of packed cell. Berenil*, 8 days after infection when the volume; .... divergent trypanosomes among rodents of. Thailand. Infection, Genetics and Evolution.

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    TonukariJ

    cells able to grow in medium containing 200 µg of Hg++/ml. Nucleic acid analyses showed a distinct mutation in the merA gene encoding for mercuric reductase activity in cells able to grow at elevated mercury concentrations. A similar mutation was detected in the merR locus which serves as the regulator of the mer operon.

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    GB

    2016-11-06

    Nov 6, 2016 ... raw fish, chilli ('awaze'), avocado and cooked potato were collected. Bacterial isolation, colony count and antimicrobial susceptibility testing were made following standard microbiological techniques. RESULTS: About 31% of the food samples showed total colony counts ranging from 1.7x105 to 6.7x106.

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    Dr Olaleye

    ABSTRACT: Fish have been valued as excellent indicators of water quality because they integrate all the stresses placed ... The results obtained shows that the level of copper in fresh water was non-significantly (p=0.39) higher (1.1mg/l) than that of marine ..... (2007): Mercury accumulation in fishes from tropical aquatic ...

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    Femi Olorunniji

    2013-08-31

    Aug 31, 2013 ... Biokemistri 25(2): 52–60. 53 in apoptosis or necrosis as an important event in the control of cell death or survival (Zoratti and Szabo, 1995; Ling et al.,. 2010). Opening of the mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore (MMPTP) causes the cell to show the characteristics of apoptosis by promoting ...

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    mcbee

    which are typical of groundwaters influenced by silicate mineral weathering and ion exchange. Stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen (δ18O and δ2H) show that groundwater originates from meteoric source, derived from rainfall which rapidly recharges the aquifers through the weathered overburden and ingresses such ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Abstract. This paper presents a descriptive account of some grammatical categories in gbahù dialect of the Ìgbò language, one of the three major languages of Nigeria, West. Africa. The purpose of this study is to show how these grammatical categories operate in gbahù dialect. These grammatical categories (functors) are ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mr Olusoji

    Table 6 shows that all obese subjects (100%) had adolescence, 581 (67.2%) were in mid-adolescence attained menarche, while the underweight category while 139 (16.1%) were in late adolescence. had the least proportion (88.9%) of post menarcheal subjects. This relationship was. Anthropometry of the subjects.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    quinoxalin-2-one (5), was identical with that prepared from the D-erythro analog. The IH NMR spectrum of 5 showed two NH protons (6 11.20 and 12.50) and an aldehydic proton (6 9.58). Reduction of 5 with sodium borohydride afforded ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    ABSTRACT. A Schiff-base derived from leucine and acety were synthesized and analyzed based on solubility, molar conductance, magnetic an suggested that the Schiff base acted as trid deprotonated-O of carboxylic group and eno lower molar conductance values (6.4. The magnetic moment values showed that a.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NESG PUBLICATIONS

    The phenomenon saw a rapid growth in the number of institutions, especially banking. Although the financial sector is thin3 in The Gambia, available field data from Central Bank of The. Gambia (CBG) show that even as a small country, by 2008, it has 11 banks, including an Islamic. Development Bank with a total of 44.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... Faculty of Innovative Design and Technology, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu,. Malaysia. Published .... disorders targeted among employees as chefs at the hotel or food production showed that employees demand for a ... similar to hotel kitchen or manufacturing industry. The flooring condition ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-02-17

    Feb 17, 2015 ... regression result showed that cost of labour used, educational status, cost of fertilizer used, frequency of extension visits ... encouragement of the use of fertilizer and labour saving technologies in the fluted pumpkin farms. Key Words: Farm ..... experience and fertilizer used has direct significance on the total ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results show that LDS rainfall amount and rainy days have significant positive relationship with SSTs of the. GulfGuinea and the ... the 'goodness of fit' assessment (by comparing the observed with the forecast) indicated that the model generated ...... Version 1.0. Ward, MN, 1992 seasonal Forecasting in the Tropics, pp42-.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSN

    Alpha- and beta amylase were determined by methods described by (Bemfield,. 1955). The samples were steeped for 24h and sprouted for 24h or 48h. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Table I shows the physical characteristics of acha and finger millet. Table 1 :Some Physical Characteristics of Acha (Digitaria exilis) and ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    soil is deep, well drained friable clay, dark reddish brown to dark brown ... expanded leaves selected from a sample of three .... expansion. A similar effect may have occurred in this study. Our results also showed that late application of GA3 (28 DAE) does not increase. LAI. It is possible that late application of GA3 does not ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Present technology implies local I il}£ligeneous varieties grown without any soil amendments I fertilizer input. from the agronomic perspective, use of fertilisers has been associated with an improvement in water utilisation by tte crop and consequently, yield. Data from JCRISA T showed a 2 to 3 times increase w.ater use, ...

  12. Penyembunyian Data pada File Video Menggunakan Metode LSB dan DCT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmuddin Yunus

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penyembunyian data pada file video dikenal dengan istilah steganografi video. Metode steganografi yang dikenal diantaranya metode Least Significant Bit (LSB dan Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan penyembunyian data pada file video dengan menggunakan metode LSB, metode DCT, dan gabungan metode LSB-DCT. Sedangkan kualitas file video yang dihasilkan setelah penyisipan dihitung dengan menggunakan Mean Square Error (MSE dan Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR.Uji eksperimen dilakukan berdasarkan ukuran file video, ukuran file berkas rahasia yang disisipkan, dan resolusi video. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan tingkat keberhasilan steganografi video dengan menggunakan metode LSB adalah 38%, metode DCT adalah 90%, dan gabungan metode LSB-DCT adalah 64%. Sedangkan hasil perhitungan MSE, nilai MSE metode DCT paling rendah dibandingkan metode LSB dan gabungan metode LSB-DCT. Sedangkan metode LSB-DCT mempunyai nilai yang lebih kecil dibandingkan metode LSB. Pada pengujian PSNR diperoleh databahwa nilai PSNR metode DCTlebih tinggi dibandingkan metode LSB dan gabungan metode LSB-DCT. Sedangkan nilai PSNR metode gabungan LSB-DCT lebih tinggi dibandingkan metode LSB.   Kata Kunci— Steganografi, Video, Least Significant Bit (LSB, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT, Mean Square Error (MSE, Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR                             Abstract Hiding data in video files is known as video steganography. Some of the well known steganography methods areLeast Significant Bit (LSB and Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT method. In this research, data will be hidden on the video file with LSB method, DCT method, and the combined method of LSB-DCT. While the quality result of video file after insertion is calculated using the Mean Square Error (MSE and Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR. The experiments were conducted based on the size of the video file, the file size of the inserted secret files, and

  13. Panorama 98. 16 thematic files

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1998-01-01

    Under the 'Panorama 98' title, the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP) has organized an international colloquium on the most recent events and the foreseeable perspectives in the domain of hydrocarbons. 16 technical and economical documentation files were given to the participants. This paper presents a synthesis of the content of these files: the oil offer and demand, the worldwide petroleum activity, the recent oil and gas discoveries, the stakes of the oil and gas perspectives in the North Sea, the US renewal in the Gulf of Mexico, the exploitation of heavy and extra-heavy crudes in Venezuela, the Asian oil rise, the limits of oil recovery efficiency, the oil markets, the international overview of the natural gas industry, the perspectives of the LNG market, the recent evolution and the perspectives of the European refining activities, the oil companies in 1997, the future of marketing, the trends of European automotive industry, and the scientific certitudes and uncertainties about urban pollution. (J.S.)

  14. Small file aggregation in a parallel computing system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faibish, Sorin; Bent, John M.; Tzelnic, Percy; Grider, Gary; Zhang, Jingwang

    2014-09-02

    Techniques are provided for small file aggregation in a parallel computing system. An exemplary method for storing a plurality of files generated by a plurality of processes in a parallel computing system comprises aggregating the plurality of files into a single aggregated file; and generating metadata for the single aggregated file. The metadata comprises an offset and a length of each of the plurality of files in the single aggregated file. The metadata can be used to unpack one or more of the files from the single aggregated file.

  15. Late-night talk show v USA

    OpenAIRE

    Halamásek, Šimon

    2013-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the history of talk show in USA with emphasis on its specific form, which is late-night talk show. The first chapter focuses on the creation of new television networks and the overall state of american broadcasting during the first era of the television talk show format. The thesis briefly describes radio broadcasting which served not only as an important source of inspiration for television but also as a starting platform for most talk show hosts. Next chapter theoreti...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    was used and the results show that it can be used to produce concrete grades of higher quality (up to. C-.J5) .fiJr the construction industry of normal practices. ..... Insoluble residue. 0.50. Magnesia. 1.49. Loss on Ignition. 0.96. Sulphuric anhydride. 2.50. (expressed in S03) 3. Compressive strength (MFa). (average of 3 mortar ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    komla

    Part of the data generated was used to assess the level of groundwater acidification and its implication for rural water supply in the Ankobra Basin. The results of the assessment indicate that groundwater pH range is 3.74-. 6.9. However, 80% of the boreholes show moderate acidic character with pH in the range 4.6-6.9.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ions, or ions in the same Group of the Periodic Table. This is not surprising since it is well documented in the literature that LGER's in general hold for series of similar or related substances. As far as Eq. (4) is concerned, Fig. 3 shows a linearity between DW and kW+ for a series reported by Kakiuchi et. al. [13]. Note that Fig.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    phytochemical studies Le. seeds IS, 6, 7] and bark [8, 9] of M. ferruginea, seeds of M. dam. [10] and M. thonningii [11, 12] and leavw of M. zedtt'ana [13]. M. dam is a shrub or small ... triterpene lupeol, three isoflavones and two chalcones-. Compound l showed in its 'l-l NMR spectrum a sharp singlet at 67.91 (ll-2) indicating ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Buchi

    inducing drugs and assisted reproductive technology. 2,4. (ART) . ... section include retained second twin 3(25.0%),fetal distress 2(16.7%) ... Male babies were more than females in this study giving a sex ratio of 1.2 males to 1.0 females. The fetal presentation at birth in both twins showed that both twins as cephalic was the ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    depth to water table and actual depth of the hand dug wells while the geological aspect of the work was hinged. on a geologic mapping. The results of hydrogeologic study show that the actual depth of the hand-dug wells ranged between 2.5 and 8.3m while the static water level varied between 0.83 and 3.3 m. The study ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2003-05-01

    May 1, 2003 ... (95% Cl1.6-3.7), 1.8 (95 % Cl 1.1-3.2 and 2.6 (95% CI 1.7-4.1) for place ofresidence, gender, age and friend's use of ... world show that most adult smokers start this habit before they reach the age of 18 years .... oral health related behaviours (i.e. eating habits and tooth brushing). The pupils completed the ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    History of scarification or tattoo 3 (13.0) 20 (87.0). 0.186. Table 4: Showing the odds ratio (OR) of different factors examined with a positive HCV test in the children. Factors examined. P-values. OR. History of Blood transfusion. 0.015*. 7. High rate of blood transfusions (>3). 0.350. History of receiving injection. 1.000.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    5c Intact left tibia after graft incorporation and bone healing. Fig. 6. Radiograph of the right radius showing evidence of incorporation of the fihular graft \\ subperiosteally and used as a strut graft to replace the radial loss. The gap left by the harvested fibular graft was left. Fig. 2 This was held in place with plate and screws and ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pasteur p:pettes and incubated at 25 ± 2°C under 12 h phoLH "''·,O , ·: 500 •ux \\ Tl 1c: Knudson's soiid medium inoculated spores showed germ1nat1cT after 45 days i he prothall1 development was drynaria type The protha!, Nere d1oec1ous. dorsoventrally flattened. with a midrib with cushion - like strucu,re ana notched at.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A series of progressively restricted range sweeps were performed on the UPD i vs E. profile for Pb at Au in aq HClO4 containing 4 x 104 M Cl“ (Figure 5) in order to relate to which Pb ad-state on the cathodic sweep the extra anodic peak on the anodic sweep, due to. Cl ', corresponds. Examination of Figure 5 shows that this ...

  7. Flat Files - JSNP | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data ... Data file File name: jsnp_flat_files File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archiv...his Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Flat Files - JSNP | LSDB Archive ...

  8. 77 FR 28592 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ...: Middletown MBR Application to be effective 5/8/2012. Filed Date: 5/7/12. Accession Number: 20120507-5128..., LLC. Description: Southern Energy Initial MBR Filing to be effective 5/ 7/2012. Filed Date: 5/8/12... Company submits tariff filing per 35.37: MBR Triennial Filing--1st Rev MBR to be effective 9/30/2010...

  9. 77 FR 66458 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ... Service Company of Colorado. Description: 2012--10--26 PSCo MBR Filing to be effective 12/26/ 2012. Filed...--SPS MBR Filing to be effective 12/26/2012. Filed Date: 10/26/12. Accession Number: 20121026-5123...: Revised Application for MBR Authorization to be effective 10/16/2012. Filed Date: 10/25/12. Accession...

  10. 77 FR 2284 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Choctaw Power, LLC submits tariff filing per: SUPPLEMENT TO MBR APPLICATION to be effective N/A. Filed.... Description: Cleco Power LLC submits tariff filing per 35.13(a)(2)(iii): MBR revision 2012.01.06 to be... tariff filing per 35: MBR revision 2012.01.06 to be effective 1/6/2012. Filed Date: 1/6/12. Accession...

  11. 75 FR 66075 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ....12: Baseline MBR Concurrence to be effective 10/8/2010. Filed Date: 10/19/2010. Accession Number... Company submits tariff filing per 35.12: Baseline MBR Concurrence to be effective 10/8/2010. Filed Date... Power Company submits tariff filing per 35.12: Baseline MBR Concurrence to be effective 10/8/2010. Filed...

  12. Acculturation, Cultivation, and Daytime TV Talk Shows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Hyung-Jin; Dominick, Joseph R.

    2003-01-01

    Explores the cultivation phenomenon among international college students in the United States by examining the connection between levels of acculturation, daytime TV talk show viewing, and beliefs about social reality. Finds that students who scored low on acculturation and watched a great deal of daytime talk shows had a more negative perception…

  13. Effects of Talk Show Viewing on Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Stacy; Mares, Marie-Louise

    1998-01-01

    Investigates the effects of talk-show viewing on high-school students' social-reality beliefs. Supports the hypothesis that viewers overestimate the frequency of deviant behaviors; does not find support for the hypothesis that viewers become desensitized to the suffering of others; and finds that talk-show viewing was positively related, among…

  14. Storage of sparse files using parallel log-structured file system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bent, John M.; Faibish, Sorin; Grider, Gary; Torres, Aaron

    2017-11-07

    A sparse file is stored without holes by storing a data portion of the sparse file using a parallel log-structured file system; and generating an index entry for the data portion, the index entry comprising a logical offset, physical offset and length of the data portion. The holes can be restored to the sparse file upon a reading of the sparse file. The data portion can be stored at a logical end of the sparse file. Additional storage efficiency can optionally be achieved by (i) detecting a write pattern for a plurality of the data portions and generating a single patterned index entry for the plurality of the patterned data portions; and/or (ii) storing the patterned index entries for a plurality of the sparse files in a single directory, wherein each entry in the single directory comprises an identifier of a corresponding sparse file.

  15. File Type Identification of File Fragments using Longest Common Subsequence (LCS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmat, R. F.; Nicholas, F.; Purnamawati, S.; Sitompul, O. S.

    2017-01-01

    Computer forensic analyst is a person in charge of investigation and evidence tracking. In certain cases, the file needed to be presented as digital evidence was deleted. It is difficult to reconstruct the file, because it often lost its header and cannot be identified while being restored. Therefore, a method is required for identifying the file type of file fragments. In this research, we propose Longest Common Subsequences that consists of three steps, namely training, testing and validation, to identify the file type from file fragments. From all testing results we can conlude that our proposed method works well and achieves 92.91% of accuracy to identify the file type of file fragment for three data types.

  16. Urban Densification and Recreational Quality of Public Urban Green Spaces—A Viennese Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne Arnberger

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Public urban green spaces play an important role in urban sustainability. These places should provide high-quality recreation experiences for the urban residents. However, they are often overused. The Wienerberg area in the south of Vienna, Austria, was transformed from a waste disposal site into a natural recreation area. During the past years, intensive settlement densification processes have taken place, resulting in a doubling of the local population living within a few minutes walking distance. An on-site survey among green space visitors (N = 231 revealed that the majority of them considered the area to be overcrowded on Sundays/holidays and reported a perceived increase in visitor numbers during the past years. Visitors with more past experience, as well as those who have perceived an increase in visitor numbers during recent years, reported higher crowding perceptions. A significant proportion of them try to avoid these crowds, relying on behavioral coping strategies, such as inter-area displacement. While urban regeneration has provided an attractive recreation area, urban densification around the green space appears to have reduced its recreational quality. Monitoring recreation quality indicators, such as crowding perceptions, seems to be useful for sustainable urban green space management and city planning.

  17. Creating and Viewing HTML Files with Python

    OpenAIRE

    William J. Turkel; Adam Crymble

    2012-01-01

    This lesson uses Python to create and view an HTML file. If you write programs that output HTML, you can use any browser to look at your results. This is especially convenient if your program is automatically creating hyperlinks or graphic entities like charts and diagrams. Here you will learn how to create HTML files with Python scripts, and how to use Python to automatically open an HTML file in Firefox.

  18. Creating and Viewing HTML Files with Python

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William J. Turkel

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This lesson uses Python to create and view an HTML file. If you write programs that output HTML, you can use any browser to look at your results. This is especially convenient if your program is automatically creating hyperlinks or graphic entities like charts and diagrams. Here you will learn how to create HTML files with Python scripts, and how to use Python to automatically open an HTML file in Firefox.

  19. Entropy based file type identification and partitioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    87 ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Process Adopted for File Type Identification...the identification of file types and file partitioning. This approach has applications in cybersecurity as it allows for a quick determination of...0.75p X p= = which yields 2 2( ) [(0.25 log 0.25) (0.75 log 0.75)] 0.8113.H X = − × + × = Entropy analysis offers a convenient and quick method

  20. Forensik Sistem File Ext4 Studi Kasus File di Sistem Operasi Linux

    OpenAIRE

    Putri, Resi Utami

    2015-01-01

    Research discusses one of the files system in the operating Linux system, which Ext4 (Extended Fourth) which is a continuation of the Ext2 and Ext3. The method used in this study is the forensic investigation is to collect, maintain, and analyze. This study was conducted with a simulation file. Results from this study is a file can be known when the file is created to be modified. This study also uses some Linux default tool nor a forensic tool.

  1. Evolutionary Game Theory-Based Evaluation of P2P File-Sharing Systems in Heterogeneous Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuke Matsuda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Peer-to-Peer (P2P file sharing is one of key technologies for achieving attractive P2P multimedia social networking. In P2P file-sharing systems, file availability is improved by cooperative users who cache and share files. Note that file caching carries costs such as storage consumption and processing load. In addition, users have different degrees of cooperativity in file caching and they are in different surrounding environments arising from the topological structure of P2P networks. With evolutionary game theory, this paper evaluates the performance of P2P file sharing systems in such heterogeneous environments. Using micro-macro dynamics, we analyze the impact of the heterogeneity of user selfishness on the file availability and system stability. Further, through simulation experiments with agent-based dynamics, we reveal how other aspects, for example, synchronization among nodes and topological structure, affect the system performance. Both analytical and simulation results show that the environmental heterogeneity contributes to the file availability and system stability.

  2. Career development at London Vet Show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-03

    Are you considering a career change? Perhaps you want help to develop within your current role? Either way, you will find a relevant session in the BVA Career Development stream at the London Vet Show in November. British Veterinary Association.

  3. Photonuclear data file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kosako, Kazuaki; Murata, Toru

    2016-01-01

    The JENDL photonuclear data library has been revised in order to meet the needs of extensive application fields. The evaluation of photon-induced reaction cross sections was performed with twofold: (1) resonance cross section analyses in the low energy region for light nuclides, and (2) nuclear reaction model calculations in the higher energy region for light nuclides, and in the whole region for heavier nuclides. It is found that the obtained results are consistent with available experimental data. The benchmark test was also made for the nuclides of structural material by calculating the angular distributions of neutron dose rates and showed reasonable results in the case of higher electron energies. The new library is planned to include the nuclear data of 181 nuclides from 2H to 237 Np, covering the incident photon energy range up to 140 MeV. (author)

  4. 75 FR 24702 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Bay International Terminals, Inc. Operating Agreement. Parties: Tampa Bay International Terminals, Inc. and Tampa Port Authority. Filing Parties: Greg Lovelace, Director Cargo & Cruise Marketing; Tampa Port...

  5. Evaluated nuclear-data file for niobium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.B.; Smith, D.L.; Howerton, R.J.

    1985-03-01

    A comprehensive evaluated nuclear-data file for elemental niobium is provided in the ENDF/B format. This file, extending over the energy range 10 -11 -20 MeV, is suitable for comprehensive neutronic calculations, particulary those dealing with fusion-energy systems. It also provides dosimetry information. Attention is given to the internal consistancy of the file, energy balance, and the quantitative specification of uncertainties. Comparisons are made with experimental data and previous evaluated files. The results of integral tests are described and remaining outstanding problem areas are cited. 107 refs

  6. An improved algorithm to convert CAD model to MCNP geometry model based on STEP file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou, Qingguo; Yang, Jiaming; Wu, Jiong; Tian, Yanshan; Wang, Junqiong; Jiang, Hai; Li, Kuan-Ching

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • Fully exploits common features of cells, making the processing efficient. • Accurately provide the cell position. • Flexible to add new parameters in the structure. • Application of novel structure in INP file processing, conveniently evaluate cell location. - Abstract: MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport Code) is a general-purpose Monte Carlo N-Particle code that can be used for neutron, photon, electron, or coupled neutron/photon/electron transport. Its input file, the INP file, has the characteristics of complicated form and is error-prone when describing geometric models. Due to this, a conversion algorithm that can solve the problem by converting general geometric model to MCNP model during MCNP aided modeling is highly needed. In this paper, we revised and incorporated a number of improvements over our previous work (Yang et al., 2013), which was proposed and targeted after STEP file and INP file were analyzed. Results of experiments show that the revised algorithm is more applicable and efficient than previous work, with the optimized extraction of geometry and topology information of the STEP file, as well as the production efficiency of output INP file. This proposed research is promising, and serves as valuable reference for the majority of researchers involved with MCNP-related researches

  7. Oscar — Using Byte Pairs to Find File Type and Camera Make of Data Fragments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karresand, Martin; Shahmehri, Nahid

    Mapping out the contents of fragmented storage media is hard if the file system has been corrupted, especially as the current forensic tools rely on meta information to do their job. If it was possible to find all fragments belonging to a certain file type, it would also be possible to recover a lost file. Such a tool could for example be used in the hunt for child pornography. The Oscar method identifies the file type of data fragments based solely on statistics calculated from their structure. The method does not need any meta data to work. We have previously used the byte frequency distribution and the rate of change between consecutive bytes as basis for the statistics, as well as calculating the 2-gram frequency distribution to create a model of different file types. This paper present a variant of the 2-gram method, in that it uses a dynamic smoothing factor. In this way we take the amount of data used to create the centroid into consideration. A previous experiment on file type identification is extended with .mp3 files reaching a detection rate of 76% with a false positives rate of 0.4%. We also use the method to identify the camera make used to capture a .jpg picture from a fragment of the picture. The result shows that we can clearly separate a picture fragment coming from a Fuji or Olympus cameras from a fragment of a picture of the other camera makes used in our test.

  8. XGet: a highly scalable and efficient file transfer tool for clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenberg, Hugh [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ionkov, Latchesar [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Minnich, Ronald [SNL

    2008-01-01

    As clusters rapidly grow in size, transferring files between nodes can no longer be solved by the traditional transfer utilities due to their inherent lack of scalability. In this paper, we describe a new file transfer utility called XGet, which was designed to address the scalability problem of standard tools. We compared XGet against four transfer tools: Bittorrent, Rsync, TFTP, and Udpcast and our results show that XGet's performance is superior to the these utilities in many cases.

  9. 78 FR 32383 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    .... Description: Inquiry Response to be effective 5/12/2013. Filed Date: 5/21/13. Accession Number: 20130521-5167....ferc.gov/docs-filing/efiling/filing-req.pdf . For other information, call (866) 208-3676 (toll free...

  10. 76 FR 1424 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Refund Report filings: Docket Numbers: RP11-69-001. Applicants: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. Description: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. submits tariff filing per 154.203: GTS Compliance Filing in Docket No. RP11...

  11. 75 FR 47291 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-05

    ...: PPL New Jersey Biogas, LLC. Description: PPL New Jersey Biogas, LLC submits tariff filing per 35.12: PPL New Jersey Biogas, LLC, Baseline Filing to be effective 7/ 28/2010. Filed Date: 07/28/2010...

  12. A basic evaluated neutronic data file for elemental scandium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.B.; Meadows, J.W.; Howerton, R.J.

    1992-01-01

    This report documents an evaluated neutronic data file for elemental scandium, presented in the ENDF/B-VI format. This file should provide basic nuclear data essential for neutronic calculations involving elemental scandium. No equivalent file was previously available

  13. 75 FR 49918 - Combined Notice of Filings # 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... Missouri Operations Company submits tariff filing per 35: KCP&L-GMO Baseline Compliance Filing to be.... Description: KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company submits tariff filing per 35.12: KCP&L-GMO OATT Volume...

  14. 77 FR 63306 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ..., Inc. & Cargill Power Marketers, L.L.C. in 2012. Filed Date: 10/4/12. Accession Number: 20121004-5195... found at: http://www.ferc.gov/docs-filing/efiling/filing-req.pdf . For other information, call (866) 208...

  15. EPA FRS Facilities State Single File CSV Download

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page provides state comma separated value (CSV) files containing key information of all facilities and sites within the Facility Registry System (FRS). Each state zip file contains a single CSV file of key facility-level information.

  16. Online Italian fandoms of American TV shows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Benecchi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has changed media fandom in two main ways: it helps fans connect with each other despite physical distance, leading to the formation of international fan communities; and it helps fans connect with the creators of the TV show, deepening the relationship between TV producers and international fandoms. To assess whether Italian fan communities active online are indeed part of transnational online communities and whether the Internet has actually altered their relationship with the creators of the original text they are devoted to, qualitative analysis and narrative interviews of 26 Italian fans of American TV shows were conducted to explore the fan-producer relationship. Results indicated that the online Italian fans surveyed preferred to stay local, rather than using geography-leveling online tools. Further, the sampled Italian fans' relationships with the show runners were mediated or even absent.

  17. 2008 LHC Open Days Physics: the show

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A host of events and activities await visitors to the LHC Open Days on 5 and 6 April. A highlight will be the physics shows funded by the European Physical Society (EPS), which are set to surprise and challenge children and adults alike! School children use their experience of riding a bicycle to understand how planets move around the sun (Copyright : Circus Naturally) Participating in the Circus Naturally show could leave a strange taste in your mouth! (Copyright : Circus Naturally) The Rino Foundation’s experiments with liquid nitrogen can be pretty exciting! (Copyright: The Rino Foundation)What does a bicycle have in common with the solar system? Have you ever tried to weigh air or visualise sound? Ever heard of a vacuum bazooka? If you want to discover the answers to these questions and more then come to the Physics Shows taking place at the CERN O...

  18. Measurement of endodontic file lengths: calibrated versus uncalibrated digital images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loushine, R J; Weller, R N; Kimbrough, W F; Potter, B J

    2001-12-01

    This in vitro study compared the accuracy of file length measurements made on calibrated and uncalibrated direct digital images. Endodontic files of known lengths and ISO sizes were used in 10 single-rooted, relatively straight teeth within cadaver specimens. The crowns of the teeth were ground flat and an orthodontic wire of known length was secured to the coronal surface. This wire was placed mesiodistally and perpendicular to the root and served as the reference point for the file measurement and as a calibration reference length. A #20 file was hand-measured to a length that reached the apical third of each tooth. It was inserted and a radiographic image was secured. The instrument was remeasured three additional times at different lengths on the same tooth and reinserted before each image acquisition. Thus 40 digital images were acquired using a GE X-ray unit and a Schick Computed Dental Radiography (CDR) #2 sensor. These images were placed in random order, and an independent, blinded investigator determined the file lengths using on-screen calibrated and uncalibrated measurement of the CDR image with a straight-line and multiple-line measuring technique. The experimental measurements were compared with each other and with the known clinical measurements. A two-way analysis of variance indicated that there was a statistically significant difference showing that the calibrated measurements were more accurate than the uncalibrated measurements (p = 0.0001), and there was no significant difference between the straight-line and multiple-line measuring techniques (p = 0.14).

  19. 75 FR 62381 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... filing per 35.12: MeadWestvaco Virginia MBR Filing to be effective 9/ 28/2010. Filed Date: 09/29/2010... submits tariff filing per 35.12: City Power MBR Tariff to be effective 9/30/2010. Filed Date: 09/29/2010... Baseline MBR Tariff to be effective 9[sol]29[sol]2010. Filed Date: 09/29/2010. Accession Number: 20100929...

  20. A Talk Show from the Past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Arlene F.

    1991-01-01

    Describes a two-day activity in which elementary students examine voting rights, the right to assemble, and women's suffrage. Explains the game, "Assemble, Reassemble," and a student-produced talk show with five students playing the roles of leaders of the women's suffrage movement. Profiles Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Susan…

  1. See you at London Vet Show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-05

    London Vet Show is fast approaching: it takes place from November 17 to 18 and is being held at ExCeL London for the first time. Zoe Davies, marketing manager, highlights some of what BVA is offering at the event. British Veterinary Association.

  2. Show Them You Really Want the Job

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlmutter, David D.

    2012-01-01

    Showing that one really "wants" the job entails more than just really wanting the job. An interview is part Broadway casting call, part intellectual dating game, part personality test, and part, well, job interview. When there are 300 applicants for a position, many of them will "fit" the required (and even the preferred) skills listed in the job…

  3. Identification of genes showing differential expression profile

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to identify genes showing differential expression profile associated withgrowth rate in skeletal muscle tissue of Landrace weanling pig. Two subtracted cDNA populations were generated from mus-culus longissimus muscle tissues of selected pigs with extreme expected ...

  4. Mike Pentz showing visitors around CESAR

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1964-01-01

    Mike Pentz, leader of the CESAR Group, shows visitors around the 2 MeV electron storage ring. Here they are in the vault of the injector (a 2 MV van de Graaff generator), next to the 2 beam lines, one leading to the ring, the other to the spectrometer.

  5. Identification of genes showing differential expression profile ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to identify genes showing differential expression profile associated with growth rate in skeletal muscle tissue of Landrace weanling pig. Two subtracted cDNA populations were generated from mus- culus longissimus muscle tissues of selected pigs with extreme ...

  6. Laser entertainment and light shows in education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabaratnam, Andrew T.; Symons, Charles

    2002-05-01

    Laser shows and beam effects have been a source of entertainment since its first public performance May 9, 1969, at Mills College in Oakland, California. Since 1997, the Photonics Center, NgeeAnn Polytechnic, Singapore, has been using laser shows as a teaching tool. Students are able to exhibit their creative skills and learn at the same time how lasers are used in the entertainment industry. Students will acquire a number of skills including handling three- phase power supply, operation of cooling system, and laser alignment. Students also acquire an appreciation of the arts, learning about shapes and contours as they develop graphics for the shows. After holography, laser show animation provides a combination of the arts and technology. This paper aims to briefly describe how a krypton-argon laser, galvanometer scanners, a polychromatic acousto-optic modulator and related electronics are put together to develop a laser projector. The paper also describes how students are trained to make their own laser animation and beam effects with music, and at the same time have an appreciation of the operation of a Class IV laser and the handling of optical components.

  7. Tilapia show immunization response against Ich

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study compares the immune response of Nile tilapia and red tilapia against parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich) using a cohabitation challenge model. Both Nile and red tilapia showed strong immune response post immunization with live Ich theronts by IP injection or immersion. Blood serum...

  8. The Last Great American Picture Show

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, Thomas; King, Noel; Horwath, Alexander

    2004-01-01

    The Last Great American Picture Show brings together essays by scholars and writers who chart the changing evaluations of the American cinema of the 1970s, sometimes referred to as the decade of the lost generation, but now more and more recognized as the first New Hollywood, without which the

  9. The British Show in Australia, 1985

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Bond

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1984–85, The British Show, an exhibition largely made up of New British Sculpture, was curated for Australia and New Zealand. This essay discusses the context and effects of the exhibition on art in Australia. It also seeks to define the sources of originality and innovation of the artists included.

  10. Identification of genes showing differential expression profile ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Suppression subtractive hybridization was used to identify genes showing differential expression profile associated withgrowth rate in skeletal muscle tissue of Landrace weanling pig. Two subtracted cDNA populations were generated from mus-culus longissimus muscle tissues of selected pigs with extreme expected ...

  11. Effect of repetitive pecking at working length for glide path preparation using G-file

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-Hong Ha

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives Glide path preparation is recommended to reduce torsional failure of nickel-titanium (NiTi rotary instruments and to prevent root canal transportation. This study evaluated whether the repetitive insertions of G-files to the working length maintain the apical size as well as provide sufficient lumen as a glide path for subsequent instrumentation. Materials and Methods The G-file system (Micro-Mega composed of G1 and G2 files for glide path preparation was used with the J-shaped, simulated resin canals. After inserting a G1 file twice, a G2 file was inserted to the working length 1, 4, 7, or 10 times for four each experimental group, respectively (n = 10. Then the canals were cleaned by copious irrigation, and lubricated with a separating gel medium. Canal replicas were made using silicone impression material, and the diameter of the replicas was measured at working length (D0 and 1 mm level (D1 under a scanning electron microscope. Data was analysed by one-way ANOVA and post-hoc tests (p = 0.05. Results The diameter at D0 level did not show any significant difference between the 1, 2, 4, and 10 times of repetitive pecking insertions of G2 files at working length. However, 10 times of pecking motion with G2 file resulted in significantly larger canal diameter at D1 (p < 0.05. Conclusions Under the limitations of this study, the repetitive insertion of a G2 file up to 10 times at working length created an adequate lumen for subsequent apical shaping with other rotary files bigger than International Organization for Standardization (ISO size 20, without apical transportation at D0 level.

  12. DATA Act File C Award Financial - Social Security

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The DATA Act Information Model Schema Reporting Submission Specification File C. File C includes the agency award information from the financial accounting system at...

  13. SU-F-T-465: Two Years of Radiotherapy Treatments Analyzed Through MLC Log Files

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Defoor, D [University of Texas HSC SA, New Braunfles, TX (United States); Kabat, C; Papanikolaou, N [University of Texas HSC SA, San Antonio, TX (United States); Stathakis, S [Cancer Therapy and Research Center, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To present treatment statistics of a Varian Novalis Tx using more than 90,000 Varian Dynalog files collected over the past 2 years. Methods: Varian Dynalog files are recorded for every patient treated on our Varian Novalis Tx. The files are collected and analyzed daily to check interfraction agreement of treatment deliveries. This is accomplished by creating fluence maps from the data contained in the Dynalog files. From the Dynalog files we have also compiled statistics for treatment delivery times, MLC errors, gantry errors and collimator errors. Results: The mean treatment time for VMAT patients was 153 ± 86 seconds while the mean treatment time for step & shoot was 256 ± 149 seconds. Patient’s treatment times showed a variation of 0.4% over there treatment course for VMAT and 0.5% for step & shoot. The average field sizes were 40 cm2 and 26 cm2 for VMAT and step & shoot respectively. VMAT beams contained and average overall leaf travel of 34.17 meters and step & shoot beams averaged less than half of that at 15.93 meters. When comparing planned and delivered fluence maps generated using the Dynalog files VMAT plans showed an average gamma passing percentage of 99.85 ± 0.47. Step & shoot plans showed an average gamma passing percentage of 97.04 ± 0.04. 5.3% of beams contained an MLC error greater than 1 mm and 2.4% had an error greater than 2mm. The mean gantry speed for VMAT plans was 1.01 degrees/s with a maximum of 6.5 degrees/s. Conclusion: Varian Dynalog files are useful for monitoring machine performance treatment parameters. The Dynalog files have shown that the performance of the Novalis Tx is consistent over the course of a patients treatment with only slight variations in patient treatment times and a low rate of MLC errors.

  14. La mujer, en los talk shows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antrop. José Gamboa Cetina

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de los medios de comunicación, uno de los que más ha impactado a la población latinoamericana ha sido la televisión, y en la barra programática de las televisoras ha surgido un tipo de programas denominados talk shows. En los últimos meses, la sociedad mexicana ha vivido el "boom" de los talk shows, que en poco tiempo han saturado la barra de la programación vespertina de las dos principales empresas televisivas de la república mexicana. Este fenómeno puede estudiarse desde diversas perspectivas. Sin embargo, por motivos de espacio, en esta ocasión analizaremos su impacto en las mujeres, desde diferentes dimensiones.

  15. Reality, ficción o show

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Ruíz Moreno

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Para tener un punto de vista claro y objetivo frente a la polémica establecida en torno al programa “Protagonistas de novela” y la tendiente proliferación de los reality show en las parrillas de programación de la televisión colombiana, se realizó un análisis de texto y contenido de dicho programa, intentando definirlo desde sus posibilidades de realidad, ficción y show. Las unidades de análisis y el estudio de su tratamiento arrojaron un alto contenido que gira en torno a las emociones del ser humano relacionadas con la convivencia, tratadas a manera de show y con algunos aportes textuales de ficción, pero sin su elemento mediador básico, el actor, quitándole toda la posibilidad de tener un tratamiento con la profundidad, distancia y ética que requieren los temas de esta índole. El resultado es un formato que sólo busca altos índices de sintonía y que pertenece más a la denominada televisión “trash”, que a una búsqueda de realidad del hombre y mucho menos de sociedad.

  16. New details emerge from the Einstein files

    CERN Multimedia

    Overbye, D

    2002-01-01

    For many years the FBI spied on Einstein. New details of this surveilance are emerging in "The Einstein File: J. Edgar Hoover's Secret War Against the World's Most Famous Scientist," by Fred Jerome, who sued the government with the help of the Public Citizen Litigation Group to obtain a less censored version of the file (1 page).

  17. 76 FR 30336 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    .... Filed Date: 04/04/2011. Accession Number: 20110404-5138. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday... to be effective 5/5/ 2011. Filed Date: 05/04/2011. Accession Number: 20110504-5159. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on Monday, May 16, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2092-000. Applicants: Big Sandy...

  18. 77 FR 69448 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-19

    .... Description: Application to Abandon Gas Transportation with NSTAR of Dominion Transmission, Inc. Filed Date...-000. Applicants: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC. Description: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC, et al. submit Petition... Expedited Action and Shortened Comment Period. Filed Date: 11/8/12. Accession Number: 20121108-5106...

  19. 76 FR 33748 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-09

    ... Enhancements to be effective 7/1/2011. Filed Date: 05/24/2011. Accession Number: 20110524-5121. Comment Date: 5 p.m. Eastern Time on Monday, June 06, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2125-000. Applicants: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC. Description: Big Sandy Pipeline, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.204: Big Sandy Contract...

  20. 46 CFR 502.161 - Commission's files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commission's files. 502.161 Section 502.161 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Hearings; Presiding Officers; Evidence § 502.161 Commission's files. Where any matter contained in a tariff, report...

  1. Audio Fingerprint Untuk Identifikasi File Audio

    OpenAIRE

    Yuanto, Stefanus Irwan; Tampubolon, Junius Karel; Restyandito, Restyandito

    2007-01-01

    Identifikasi file audio secara biner kurang efektif karena adanya format penyimpanan dan cara penyimpanan file audio yang berbeda-beda. Dengan menerapkan konsep audio fingerprint maka sinyal audio akan diidentifikasi dengan membandingkan sebuah kode unik berukuran kecil yang mewakili sinyal audio tersebut sehingga perbedaan format dan cara penyimpanan tidak berpengaruh besar terhadap sebuah proses identifikasi audio.

  2. 77 FR 68121 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ...-5793 or [email protected] . Agreement No.: 011275-034. Title: Australia and New Zealand-United...-Lloyd AG; and Mediterranean Shipping Company S.A. Filing Party: Wayne R. Rohde, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor LLP... Services, LLC and Marine Express, Inc. Filing Party: Carlos E. Bayron; Bayron Law Offices, P.S.C.; P.O. Box...

  3. X-Files opjat v stroju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    USA sarjale "The X-Files" põhinev teine järjefilm "Salatoimikud: Ma tahan uskuda" ("The X-Files: I Want to Believe") : režissöör Chris Carter : peaosades David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Kanada 2008

  4. 47 CFR 1.1113 - Filing locations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in §§ 1.1102 through 1.1109. (1) Tariff filings shall be filed with the Secretary, Federal... System (COALS) may be paid electronically or sent to the Commission's lock box bank manually. When paying manually, applicants must include the FCC Form 159 generated by COALS (pre-filled with the transaction...

  5. Vertical Files in Midlands Academic Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lillis, John G.

    1991-01-01

    Reviews survey responses from 127 nonmedical academic libraries in Nebraska, Iowa, and Kansas regarding their vertical files (e.g., acquisitions, weeding, size, nature, collection management, frequency of use, maintenance of statistics, types of users, circulation, and security), reporting that 109 had vertical files, with most emphasizing topics…

  6. 77 FR 71408 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings....m. ET 12/3/12. Docket Numbers: RP13-301-000. Applicants: Venice Gathering System, LLC. Description...

  7. 76 FR 61352 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings....m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, October 05, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2585-000. Applicants: Venice...

  8. 76 FR 55375 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings..., September 12, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2454-000. Applicants: Venice Gathering System, LLC. Description...

  9. 78 FR 50408 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings... Numbers: RP13-1239-000. Applicants: Venice Gathering System, L.L.C. Description: Order No. 776 Compliance...

  10. 76 FR 39085 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings Take notice that the Commission has received the following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings..., July 05, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-2205-000. Applicants: Venice Gathering System, LLC. Description...

  11. 12 CFR 303.161 - Filing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Filing procedures. 303.161 Section 303.161 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE FILING... order form; (11) All contracts or agreements relating to solicitation, underwriting, market-making, or...

  12. 78 FR 49493 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... following Natural Gas Pipeline Rate and Refund Report filings: Filings Instituting Proceedings Docket Numbers: RP13-1119-000. Applicants: East Tennessee Natural Gas, LLC. Description: FOSA Clean-up to be.... Docket Numbers: RP13-1120-000. Applicants: MarkWest New Mexico, L.L.C. Description: MarkWest New Mexico...

  13. 12 CFR 11.4 - Filing fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT DISCLOSURE RULES... part before it will accept the filing. The OCC provides an applicable fee schedule for such filings in the “Notice of Comptroller of the Currency Fees” described in 12 CFR 8.8. (b) Fees must be paid by...

  14. Clockwise: A Mixed-Media File System

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, H.G.P.; Jansen, P.G.; Mullender, Sape J.

    This (short) paper presents the Clockwise, a mixed-media file system. The primary goal of the Clockwise is to provide a storage architecture that supports the storage and retrieval of best-effort and real-time file system data. Clockwise provides an abstraction called a dynamic partition that groups

  15. 37 CFR 401.16 - Electronic filing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electronic filing. 401.16 Section 401.16 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR TECHNOLOGY POLICY, DEPARTMENT... GOVERNMENT GRANTS, CONTRACTS, AND COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS § 401.16 Electronic filing. Unless otherwise...

  16. FLUTE - File Delivery over Unidirectional Transport

    OpenAIRE

    Paila, Toni; Walsh, Rod; Luby, Michael; Roca, Vincent; Lehtonen, Rami

    2012-01-01

    Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Request for Comments: 6726; This document defines File Delivery over Unidirectional Transport (FLUTE), a protocol for the unidirectional delivery of files over the Internet, which is particularly suited to multicast networks. The specification builds on Asynchronous Layered Coding, the base protocol designed for massively scalable multicast distribution. This document obsoletes RFC 3926.

  17. 77 FR 43820 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ...: 2012-07-18 NC Mieco, CIMA to be effective 7/19/2012. Filed Date: 7/18/12. Accession Number: 20120718... Company LLC. Description: 2012-07-17 NC K's Cima, Mieco, Concord to be effective 7/18/2012. Filed Date: 7...

  18. 75 FR 4689 - Electronic Tariff Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... new root dockets,\\19\\ pipelines and utilities are urged to include as part of their eFiling... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 18 CFR Parts 35, 131, 154, 157, 250, 281...\\ These data elements, or codes, are described in the Implementation Guide for Electronic Filing of Parts...

  19. 77 FR 64991 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... Containers, Inc., and SSA Ventures, Inc. Filing Party: David F. Smith, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor; 1627 I Street NW.... Agreement No.: 201162-009. Title: NYSA-ILA Assessment Agreement. Parties: International Longshoremen's Association and New York Shipping Association. Filing Parties: Donato Caruso, Esq.; The Lambos Firm; 303 South...

  20. 77 FR 60433 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... Express, Inc. and Great White Fleet Liner Services Ltd. Filing Party: Wade S. Hooker, Esq., 211 Central... White Fleet Liner Services Ltd. and Crowley Latin American Services, LLC. Filing Party: Wade S. Hooker... principal office of Great White Fleet and Crowley Latin American Services. Agreement No.: 012055-002. Title...

  1. An exploratory discussion on business files compilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao Chunying

    2014-01-01

    Business files compilation for an enterprise is a distillation and recreation of its spiritual wealth, from which the applicable information can be available to those who want to use it in a fast, extensive and precise way. Proceeding from the effects of business files compilation on scientific researches, productive constructions and developments, this paper in five points discusses the way how to define topics, analyze historical materials, search or select data and process it to an enterprise archives collection. Firstly, to expound the importance and necessity of business files compilation in production, operation and development of an company; secondly, to present processing methods from topic definition, material searching and data selection to final examination and correction; thirdly, to define principle and classification in order to make different categories and levels of processing methods available to business files compilation; fourthly, to discuss the specific method how to implement a file compilation through a documentation collection upon principle of topic definition gearing with demand; fifthly, to address application of information technology to business files compilation in view point of widely needs for business files so as to level up enterprise archives management. The present discussion focuses on the examination and correction principle of enterprise historical material compilation and the basic classifications as well as the major forms of business files compilation achievements. (author)

  2. Dust Storm Time Lapse Shows Opportunity's Skies Darken

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Dust Storm Time Lapse Shows Opportunity's Skies Darken NASA's Opportunity rover is literally seeing some of its darkest days. Both Mars Exploration Rovers have been riding out a regional dust storm for several weeks. Conditions became particularly dreary in the Meridiani Planum region where Opportunity sits, perched on the edge of 'Victoria Crater.' This image is a time-lapse composite where each horizon-survey image has been compressed horizontally (but not vertically) to emphasize the sky. The relative brightness and darkness of the sky from sol to sol (over a 30-sol period beginning June 14, 2007) is depicted accurately in these images, which view roughly the same part of the plains southwest of the rover. The images are approximately true color composites, generated from calibrated radiance data files using the panoramic camera's 601-nanometer, 535-nanometer and 482-nanometer filters. The rovers' atmospheric science team is concerned that smaller, regional dust storms could expand into a larger, globe-encircling storm. That could extend the time the sun stays obscured, challenging the capability of Opportunity's solar panels to produce enough electricity for the rover to function. Fortunately, as of July 19, 2007, the Opportunity site is clearing slightly. When the storm ends, atmospheric scientists hope to review data from the rovers that will help them determine what sort of dust was being lifted and distributed. The numbers across the top of the image report a measurement of atmospheric opacity, called by the Greek letter tau. The lower the number, the clearer the sky. Both Opportunity and Spirit have been recording higher tau measurements in July 2007 than they had seen any time previously in their three and a half years on Mars. The five sol numbers across the bottom correspond (left to right) to June 14, June 30, July 5, July 13 and July 15, 2007.

  3. Secure-Network-Coding-Based File Sharing via Device-to-Device Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to increase the efficiency and security of file sharing in the next-generation networks, this paper proposes a large scale file sharing scheme based on secure network coding via device-to-device (D2D communication. In our scheme, when a user needs to share data with others in the same area, the source node and all the intermediate nodes need to perform secure network coding operation before forwarding the received data. This process continues until all the mobile devices in the networks successfully recover the original file. The experimental results show that secure network coding is very feasible and suitable for such file sharing. Moreover, the sharing efficiency and security outperform traditional replication-based sharing scheme.

  4. Digital Stratigraphy: Contextual Analysis of File System Traces in Forensic Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Eoghan

    2017-12-28

    This work introduces novel methods for conducting forensic analysis of file allocation traces, collectively called digital stratigraphy. These in-depth forensic analysis methods can provide insight into the origin, composition, distribution, and time frame of strata within storage media. Using case examples and empirical studies, this paper illuminates the successes, challenges, and limitations of digital stratigraphy. This study also shows how understanding file allocation methods can provide insight into concealment activities and how real-world computer usage can complicate digital stratigraphy. Furthermore, this work explains how forensic analysts have misinterpreted traces of normal file system behavior as indications of concealment activities. This work raises awareness of the value of taking the overall context into account when analyzing file system traces. This work calls for further research in this area and for forensic tools to provide necessary information for such contextual analysis, such as highlighting mass deletion, mass copying, and potential backdating. © 2017 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  5. Athos: Efficient Authentication of Outsourced File Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Triandopoulos, Nikolaos; Goodrich, Michael T.; Papamanthou, Charalampos

    2008-01-01

    We study the problem of authenticated storage, where we wish to construct protocols that allow to outsource any complex file system to an untrusted server and yet ensure the file-system's integrity. We introduce Athos, a new, platform-independent and user-transparent architecture for authenticated...... outsourced storage. Using light-weight cryptographic primitives and efficient data-structuring techniques, we design authentication schemes that allow a client to efficiently verify that the file system is fully consistent with the exact history of updates and queries requested by the client. In Athos, file-system...... operations are verified in time that is logarithmic in the size of the file system using optimal storage complexity-constant storage overhead at the client and asymptotically no extra overhead at the server. We provide a prototype implementation of Athos validating its performance and its authentication...

  6. Varicose veins show enhanced chemokine expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solá, L del Rio; Aceves, M; Dueñas, A I; González-Fajardo, J A; Vaquero, C; Crespo, M Sanchez; García-Rodríguez, C

    2009-11-01

    Leucocyte infiltration in the wall of varicose veins has been reported previously. This study was designed to investigate the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in control and in patients with varicose veins and to test the effect of treating varicose vein patients with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on cytokine expression prior to removal of varices. Sections of vein were removed during operation from both patient groups, and ribonuclease protection assays (RPAs) were performed to assess the expression of chemokines. Group I included non-varicose saphenous veins from healthy patients undergoing amputation for trauma. Varicose veins were obtained from patients with primary varicose undergoing surgical treatment who received no drug (group II) or treatment with 300 mg day(-1) of ASA for 15 days before surgery (group III). Non-varicose veins constitutively expressed low levels of monocyte-chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) and interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA. Varicose veins had a distinct chemokine expression pattern, since significant up-regulation of MCP-1 and IL-8 and a marked expression of IP-10, RANTES, MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta mRNA were detected. Removal of the endothelium did not alter this pattern. Varicose veins obtained from patients treated with ASA showed a consistent decrease in chemokine expression, although it did not reach statistical significance. Varicose veins showed increased expression of several chemokines compared to control veins. A non-significant reduction of activation was observed following treatment with ASA for 15 days.

  7. Fast probabilistic file fingerprinting for big data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tretyakov, Konstantin; Laur, Sven; Smant, Geert; Vilo, Jaak; Prins, Pjotr

    2013-01-01

    Biological data acquisition is raising new challenges, both in data analysis and handling. Not only is it proving hard to analyze the data at the rate it is generated today, but simply reading and transferring data files can be prohibitively slow due to their size. This primarily concerns logistics within and between data centers, but is also important for workstation users in the analysis phase. Common usage patterns, such as comparing and transferring files, are proving computationally expensive and are tying down shared resources. We present an efficient method for calculating file uniqueness for large scientific data files, that takes less computational effort than existing techniques. This method, called Probabilistic Fast File Fingerprinting (PFFF), exploits the variation present in biological data and computes file fingerprints by sampling randomly from the file instead of reading it in full. Consequently, it has a flat performance characteristic, correlated with data variation rather than file size. We demonstrate that probabilistic fingerprinting can be as reliable as existing hashing techniques, with provably negligible risk of collisions. We measure the performance of the algorithm on a number of data storage and access technologies, identifying its strengths as well as limitations. Probabilistic fingerprinting may significantly reduce the use of computational resources when comparing very large files. Utilisation of probabilistic fingerprinting techniques can increase the speed of common file-related workflows, both in the data center and for workbench analysis. The implementation of the algorithm is available as an open-source tool named pfff, as a command-line tool as well as a C library. The tool can be downloaded from http://biit.cs.ut.ee/pfff.

  8. Microbiological and environmental issues in show caves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiz-Jimenez, Cesareo

    2012-07-01

    Cultural tourism expanded in the last half of the twentieth century, and the interest of visitors has come to include caves containing archaeological remains. Some show caves attracted mass tourism, and economical interests prevailed over conservation, which led to a deterioration of the subterranean environment and the rock art. The presence and the role of microorganisms in caves is a topic that is often ignored in cave management. Knowledge of the colonisation patterns, the dispersion mechanisms, and the effect on human health and, when present, over rock art paintings of these microorganisms is of the utmost importance. In this review the most recent advances in the study of microorganisms in caves are presented, together with the environmental implications of the findings.

  9. Ancient bacteria show evidence of DNA repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Sarah Stewart; Hebsgaard, Martin B; Christensen, Torben R

    2007-01-01

    Recent claims of cultivable ancient bacteria within sealed environments highlight our limited understanding of the mechanisms behind long-term cell survival. It remains unclear how dormancy, a favored explanation for extended cellular persistence, can cope with spontaneous genomic decay over......-term survival of bacteria sealed in frozen conditions for up to one million years. Our results show evidence of bacterial survival in samples up to half a million years in age, making this the oldest independently authenticated DNA to date obtained from viable cells. Additionally, we find strong evidence...... that this long-term survival is closely tied to cellular metabolic activity and DNA repair that over time proves to be superior to dormancy as a mechanism in sustaining bacteria viability....

  10. IMPROVED COMPRESSION OF XML FILES FOR FAST IMAGE TRANSMISSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Manimurugan

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The eXtensible Markup Language (XML is a format that is widely used as a tool for data exchange and storage. It is being increasingly used in secure transmission of image data over wireless network and World Wide Web. Verbose in nature, XML files can be tens of megabytes long. Thus, to reduce their size and to allow faster transmission, compression becomes vital. Several general purpose compression tools have been proposed without satisfactory results. This paper proposes a novel technique using modified BWT for compressing XML files in a lossless fashion. The experimental results show that the performance of the proposed technique outperforms both general purpose and XML-specific compressors.

  11. Joseph Carpue's file drawer experiment - A murder mystery from 1801.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freshwater, M Felix

    2015-12-01

    Today unpublished or "file drawer" experiments are the impetus for trial registration and reporting of all results. In 1801, Joseph Carpue, the father of modern plastic surgery, did a file drawer experiment for Benjamin West, who was President of the Royal Academy of Arts. George III had commissioned West to create the largest stained glass window ever created whose theme, the Crucifixion, was based upon Michelangelo's drawing. Subsequently, West suffered a series of political, professional and economic setbacks. In the summer of 1801, West's project was delayed. By the fall, West hoped that independent scientific confirmation of his design could salvage the project. West approached Carpue who obtained a murderer's fresh corpse that he crucified and documented the results with plaster casts created by sculptor Thomas Banks. Carpue's experiment showed that West's window design wrongly depicted the Crucifixion because West had posed the hands and shoulders incorrectly. West died in 1820 without ever being associated with Carpue's experiment. Carpue's obituary in The Lancet in 1846 contained Carpue's handwritten note that described the experiment but not West's Royal commission. As no records or publications associate the cast with West project, this can be considered to be a file drawer experiment. After 1801, West made further drawings of the Crucifixion that showed the figures in the same position as the cast. Nineteenth century auction catalogues suggest that West made a corrected Crucifixion painting, but its current location remains a mystery.

  12. Mixed cultures of Kimchi lactic acid bacteria show increased cell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs. Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link ...

  13. Plant species descriptions show signs of disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, Michael E; Antonovics, Janis

    2003-11-07

    It is well known that diseases can greatly influence the morphology of plants, but often the incidence of disease is either too rare or the symptoms too obvious for the 'abnormalities' to cause confusion in systematics. However, we have recently come across several misinterpretations of disease-induced traits that may have been perpetuated into modern species inventories. Anther-smut disease (caused by the fungus Microbotryum violaceum) is common in many members of the Caryophyllaceae and related plant families. This disease causes anthers of infected plants to be filled with dark-violet fungal spores rather than pollen. Otherwise, their vegetative morphology is within the normal range of healthy plants. Here, we present the results of a herbarium survey showing that a number of type specimens (on which the species name and original description are based) in the genus Silene from Asia are diseased with anther smut. The primary visible disease symptom, namely the dark-violet anthers, is incorporated into the original species descriptions and some of these descriptions have persisted unchanged into modern floras. This raises the question of whether diseased type specimens have erroneously been given unique species names.

  14. NASA GIBS Use in Live Planetarium Shows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmart, C. B.

    2015-12-01

    The American Museum of Natural History's Hayden Planetarium was rebuilt in year 2000 as an immersive theater for scientific data visualization to show the universe in context to our planet. Specific astrophysical movie productions provide the main daily programming, but interactive control software, developed at AMNH allows immersive presentation within a data aggregation of astronomical catalogs called the Digital Universe 3D Atlas. Since 2006, WMS globe browsing capabilities have been built into a software development collaboration with Sweden's Linkoping University (LiU). The resulting Uniview software, now a product of the company SCISS, is operated by about fifty planetariums around that world with ability to network amongst the sites for global presentations. Public presentation of NASA GIBS has allowed authoritative narratives to be presented within the range of data available in context to other sources such as Science on a Sphere, NASA Earth Observatory and Google Earth KML resources. Specifically, the NOAA supported World Views Network conducted a series of presentations across the US that focused on local ecological issues that could then be expanded in the course of presentation to national and global scales of examination. NASA support of for GIBS resources in an easy access multi scale streaming format like WMS has tremendously enabled particularly facile presentations of global monitoring like never before. Global networking of theaters for distributed presentations broadens out the potential for impact of this medium. Archiving and refinement of these presentations has already begun to inform new types of documentary productions that examine pertinent, global interdependency topics.

  15. Evaluation of Contact Friction in Fracture of Rotationally Bent Nitinol Endodontic Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haimed, Tariq Abu

    2011-12-01

    maximum strain amplitude (MSA) for each file size were determined based on images of the files inside the glass tubes. The force of insertion for each file type under each condition was also measured inside 45 and 60 degree glass tube paths, static and while dynamic. The results showed that NCF of Ni-Ti files is strongly inversely related to the CF which ranged from 0.15 for ODS and 3-HEPT coated files to 0.43 for irrigant bleach. High CF (in the presence of bleach) significantly reduced the NCF. Conversely, lower CF (in the presence of other solutions and file coatings) resulted in significantly higher NCF. CF was found to be directly related to the surface tension of the media used. Similarly, high MSA typical of low radius of curvature and high bending angle significantly diminished the fatigue life of Ni-Ti files. The integral of the force of insertion versus time curve was the highest for bleach irrigation which also showed the highest CF. Scanning electron microscope inspection of file fracture surfaces illustrated a 2-step progressive failure mode characterized by creation of a smooth initial fatigue area (striation marks) followed by catastrophic ductile fracture (dimple area) when the intact file shaft area was sufficiently reduced. The bleach-lubricated files failed earlier and with a smaller fatigue area (23%) than all other groups (31-35%) indicating premature fracture in the presence of higher frictional forces. The acquired data demonstrate that the combination of low MSA and low CF (by using coatings or solutions with low surface tension), related to the magnitude of the superficial drag force, can lead to statistically longer rotational bending lifetimes for Ni-Ti files. Based on the data of this study, lubricant solutions with low surface tension could significantly improve the fracture life of Ni-Ti files in root canal glass model. Laboratory testing using natural teeth should be performed to evaluate the effect of using such solutions on the fatigue

  16. Geoscience is Important? Show Me Why

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, M. A.

    2017-12-01

    "The public" is not homogenous and no single message or form of messaging will connect the entire public with the geosciences. One approach to promoting trust in, and engagement with, the geosciences is to identify specific sectors of the public and then develop interactions and communication products that are immediately relevant to that sector's interests. If the content and delivery are appropriate, this approach empowers people to connect with the geosciences on their own terms and to understand the relevance of the geosciences to their own situation. Federal policy makers are a distinct and influential subgroup of the general public. In preparation for the 2016 presidential election, the American Geosciences Institute (AGI) in collaboration with its 51 member societies prepared Geoscience for America's Critical Needs: Invitation to a National Dialogue, a document that identified major geoscience policy issues that should be addressed in a national policy platform. Following the election, AGI worked with eight other geoscience societies to develop Geoscience Policy Recommendations for the New Administration and the 115th Congress, which outlines specific policy actions to address national issues. State and local decision makers are another important subgroup of the public. AGI has developed online content, factsheets, and case studies with different levels of technical complexity so people can explore societally-relevant geoscience topics at their level of technical proficiency. A related webinar series is attracting a growing worldwide audience from many employment sectors. Partnering with government agencies and other scientific and professional societies has increased the visibility and credibility of these information products with our target audience. Surveys and other feedback show that these products are raising awareness of the geosciences and helping to build reciprocal relationships between geoscientists and decision makers. The core message of all

  17. The effect of root canal preparation on the surface roughness of WaveOne and WaveOne Gold files: atomic force microscopy study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özyürek, Taha; Yılmaz, Koray; Uslu, Gülşah; Plotino, Gianluca

    2018-02-01

    To examine the surface topography of intact WaveOne (WO; Dentsply Sirona Endodontics) and WaveOne Gold (WOG; Dentsply Sirona Endodontics) nickel-titanium rotary files and to evaluate the presence of alterations to the surface topography after root canal preparations of severely curved root canals in molar teeth. Forty-eight severely curved canals of extracted molar teeth were divided into 2 groups ( n = 24/each group). In group 1, the canals were prepared using WO and in group 2, the canals were prepared using WOG files. After the preparation of 3 root canals, instruments were subjected to atomic force microscopy analysis. Average roughness and root mean square values were chosen to investigate the surface features of endodontic files. The data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and post hoc Tamhane's tests at 5% significant level. The surface roughness values of WO and WOG files significantly changed after use in root canals ( p < 0.05). The used WOG files exhibited higher surface roughness change when compared with the used WO files ( p < 0.05). Using WO and WOG Primary files in 3 root canals affected the surface topography of the files. After being used in root canals, the WOG files showed a higher level of surface porosity value than the WO files.

  18. Reporting Differences Between Spacecraft Sequence Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanampompan, Teerapat; Gladden, Roy E.; Fisher, Forest W.

    2010-01-01

    A suite of computer programs, called seq diff suite, reports differences between the products of other computer programs involved in the generation of sequences of commands for spacecraft. These products consist of files of several types: replacement sequence of events (RSOE), DSN keyword file [DKF (wherein DSN signifies Deep Space Network)], spacecraft activities sequence file (SASF), spacecraft sequence file (SSF), and station allocation file (SAF). These products can include line numbers, request identifications, and other pieces of information that are not relevant when generating command sequence products, though these fields can result in the appearance of many changes to the files, particularly when using the UNIX diff command to inspect file differences. The outputs of prior software tools for reporting differences between such products include differences in these non-relevant pieces of information. In contrast, seq diff suite removes the fields containing the irrelevant pieces of information before processing to extract differences, so that only relevant differences are reported. Thus, seq diff suite is especially useful for reporting changes between successive versions of the various products and in particular flagging difference in fields relevant to the sequence command generation and review process.

  19. Image file formats: past, present, and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, R H; Davidson, H C; Harnsberger, H R; Lauman, J R; Goede, P A

    2001-01-01

    Despite the rapid growth of the Internet for storage and display of World Wide Web-based teaching files, the available image file formats have remained relatively limited. The recently developed portable networks graphics (PNG) format is versatile and offers several advantages over the older Internet standard image file formats that make it an attractive option for digital teaching files. With the PNG format, it is possible to repeatedly open, edit, and save files with lossless compression along with gamma and chromicity correction. The two-dimensional interlacing capabilities of PNG allow an image to fill in from top to bottom and from right to left, making retrieval faster than with other formats. In addition, images can be viewed closer to the original settings, and metadata (ie, information about data) can be incorporated into files. The PNG format provides a network-friendly, patent-free, lossless compression scheme that is truly cross-platform and has many new features that are useful for multimedia and Web-based radiologic teaching. The widespread acceptance of PNG by the World Wide Web Consortium and by the most popular Web browsers and graphic manipulation software companies suggests an expanding role in the future of multimedia teaching file development.

  20. 75 FR 63452 - Combined Notice Of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... filing per 35: NextEra Energy Services Mass, LLC Compliance Filing to be effective 12/31/9998. Filed Date.... Applicants: KD Power Marketing Services, LLC. Description: Notice of Cancellation of Market-Based Rate Tariff for KD Power Marketing Services, LLC. Filed Date: 10/06/2010. Accession Number: 20101006-5048. Comment...

  1. 77 FR 51985 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Combined Notice of Filings 2 Take notice.... Applicants: Helvetia Solar, LLC. Description: Helvetia Solar, LLC submits tariff filing per 35.17(b): [[Page..., Inc. submits tariff filing per 35: Order No. 760 Compliance Filing--Electronic Delivery of Data to be...

  2. 77 FR 19659 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... Arkansas, Inc. submits tariff filing per 35.13(a)(2)(iii: EAI PCITSA--43rd Amendment to be effective 6/1...: Entergy Services, Inc., on behalf of Entergy Arkanass, Inc., files EAI's 2012 Wholesale Rate Update for... of Entergy Arkansas, Inc., files EAI's 2012 Wholesale Rate Update for Arkansas Cities. Filed Date: 3...

  3. 76 FR 16404 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ...: Amendment to MBR Tariff to be effective 5/13/2011. Filed Date: 03/14/2011. Accession Number: 20110314-5272... tariff filing per 35: Amendment to MBR Tariff to be effective 5/13/ 2011. Filed Date: 03/14/2011.... Subsidiary No. 2, Inc. submits tariff filing per 35: Amendment to MBR Tariff to be effective 5/13/ 2011...

  4. 75 FR 54612 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ..., LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 8/25/2010. Filed Date: 08/25/2010. Accession Number: 20100825-5100... filing per 35.12: Bicent (California) Malburg MBR Tariff to be effective 8/25/ 2010. Filed Date: 08/25... Company, LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 8/25/ 2010. Filed Date: 08/25/2010. Accession Number: 20100825...

  5. 76 FR 6125 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... filing per 35: Arthur Kill--Amendment to MBR Tariff 01262011 to be effective 10/8/ 2010. Filed Date: 01... Turbine Power LLC submits tariff filing per 35: Astoria--Amendment to MBR Tariff 01/26/2011 to be... Description: Conemaugh Power LLC submits tariff filing per 35: Conemaugh--Amendment to MBR Tariff 01262011 to...

  6. 75 FR 62371 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    .... Description: Weyerhaeuser NR Company submits tariff filing per 35.12: Weyerhaeuser NR Company MBR Tariff to be..., Inc. MBR eTariff Filing to be effective 9/30/2010. Filed Date: 09/30/2010. Accession Number: 20100930... 35.12: Chandler Wind Partners, LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 9/30/ 2010. Filed Date: 09/30/2010...

  7. 78 FR 61997 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-10

    ..., LLC, EnergyMark, LLC. Description: Notice of Change in Status of the South Jersey MBR sellers. Filed... Oak Power, LLC. Description: Notice of Change in Status of the ECP MBR Sellers. Filed Date: 9/30/13.... Description: Compliance Filing--Amended MBR Tariff of DEMI et al. to be effective 10/1/2013. Filed Date: 9/30...

  8. 77 FR 43820 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    .... Docket Numbers: ER12-1946-001. Applicants: Duke Energy Beckjord, LLC. Description: Amendment to MBR...: Amendment to MBR Tariff Filing to be effective 10/1/ 2012. Filed Date: 7/18/12. Accession Number: 20120718... Creek, LLC. Description: Amendment to MBR Tariff Filing to be effective 10/1/ 2012. Filed Date: 7/18/12...

  9. Design and application of remote file management system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu Haijun; Liu Dekang; Shen liren

    2006-01-01

    File transfer protocol can help users transfer files between computers on internet. FTP can not fulfill the needs of users in special occasions, so it needs programmer define file transfer protocol himself based on users. The method or realization and application for user-defined file transfer protocol is introduced. (authors)

  10. 78 FR 20910 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Complex. Description: Compliance filing to be effective 8/26/2010. Filed Date: 3/28/13. Accession Number... following electric corporate filings: Docket Numbers: EC13-86-000. Applicants: ITC Midwest LLC. Description: Application for Approval of Acquisition of Transmission Assets of ITC Midwest LLC. Filed Date: 3/27/13...

  11. 18 CFR 154.6 - Acceptance for filing not approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceptance for filing... Provisions and Conditions § 154.6 Acceptance for filing not approval. The acceptance for filing of any tariff, contract or part thereof does not constitute approval by the Commission. Any filing which does not comply...

  12. 75 FR 68340 - Combined Notice of Filings # 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-05

    ... Project, LP; Southern Company--Florida LLC. Description: Report of Non-Material Change in Estimated Coal... Energy Ohio, Inc. submits tariff filing per 35: Compliance Filing to be effective 7/29/2010. Filed Date..., Inc. Description: Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator, Inc. submits tariff filing per 35...

  13. 75 FR 49923 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... filing per 35.12: KCP&L-GMO Baseline Filing (Market-Based Volume 28) to be effective 8/2/2010. Filed Date...: KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Company submits tariff filing per 35.12: GMO Volume 33 (Cost-Based...

  14. 21 CFR 314.420 - Drug master files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... letter of intent to the Drug Master File Staff, Food and Drug Administration, 5901-B Ammendale Rd... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drug master files. 314.420 Section 314.420 Food... master files. (a) A drug master file is a submission of information to the Food and Drug Administration...

  15. Automatic Creation of Stepper Job Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dailor, David S.

    1989-07-01

    Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) manufacturing, characterized by fast cycle time, small lot sizes and an abundance of products and process flows, creates challenges not found in a dedicated product line. The continuous addition of new devices into the wafer fab creates problems such as reticle storage, critical dimensions specifications and stepper set-up. One of the stepper set-up problems is stepper job file generation. Each device run on a stepper requires several job files to be created. The number of job files created for each device is dependent on the manufacturing environment, the alignment scheme, process flow and stepper used. There can be as many job files as there are layers for each device. Data from the reticle layout engineer is entered into the stepper by the process engineer to define the stepping array, location of alignment marks, framing blade settings and other exposure related information. This process is time consuming and removes a machine from production while job files are being written and tested. In an ASIC environment where several new devices start each week, creating stepper job files is a major problem impacting: productivity, cycle time, process yield and the rework rate. A solution to all of these problems: automate the stepper job file generation process. Our stepper job files are created automatically by computer when the reticles are tooled. Stepper job files are ready before the masks arrive and they are always correct. The result is improved productivity and process yields with reduced reworks and prototype cycle times. A description of this automated approach and the necessary items to implement this technique is presented.

  16. Embedded system file transfer USB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaoua, Mehdi

    2008-01-01

    The development of the communication series A emphasized new aspects of data exchange. The transfer of data, subject of my project of end of studies, consists in transferring from the files of a support of mass towards another via port USB. In first phase, I had like stain the realization of an embarked system allowing the communication between a key USB and final of communication such as a Pc. For this fact, I had to include/understand the operation of protocol USB and thus I could programmed a Peak to manage this communication. The second phase, will consist in extending this project towards a transmission de< donnees between two keys USB without intervention of a powerful machine equipped with an operating system pour rant to manage this transaction. (Author)

  17. Analyzing Log Files using Data-Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Mihut

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Information systems (i.e. servers, applications and communication devices create a large amount of monitoring data that are saved as log files. For analyzing them, a data-mining approach is helpful. This article presents the steps which are necessary for creating an ‘analyzing instrument’, based on an open source software called Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (Weka [1]. For exemplification, a system log file created by a Windows-based operating system, is used as input file.

  18. Online file sharing innovations in media consumption

    CERN Document Server

    Andersson Schwarz, Jonas

    2013-01-01

    It is apparent that file sharing on the Internet has become an emerging norm of media consumption-especially among young people. This book provides a critical perspective on this phenomenon, exploring issues related to file sharing, downloading, peer-to-peer networks, ""piracy,"" and (not least) policy issues regarding these practices. Andersson Schwartz critically engages with the justificatory discourses of the actual file-sharers, taking Sweden as a geographic focus. By focusing on the example of Sweden-home to both The Pirate Bay and Spotify-he provides a unique insight into a mentality th

  19. Experimental Analysis of File Transfer Rates over Wide-Area Dedicated Connections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Nageswara S. [ORNL; Liu, Qiang [ORNL; Sen, Satyabrata [ORNL; Hinkel, Gregory Carl [ORNL; Imam, Neena [ORNL; Foster, Ian [University of Chicago; Kettimuthu, R. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Settlemyer, Bradley [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Wu, Qishi [University of Memphis; Yun, Daqing [Harrisburg University

    2016-12-01

    File transfers over dedicated connections, supported by large parallel file systems, have become increasingly important in high-performance computing and big data workflows. It remains a challenge to achieve peak rates for such transfers due to the complexities of file I/O, host, and network transport subsystems, and equally importantly, their interactions. We present extensive measurements of disk-to-disk file transfers using Lustre and XFS file systems mounted on multi-core servers over a suite of 10 Gbps emulated connections with 0-366 ms round trip times. Our results indicate that large buffer sizes and many parallel flows do not always guarantee high transfer rates. Furthermore, large variations in the measured rates necessitate repeated measurements to ensure confidence in inferences based on them. We propose a new method to efficiently identify the optimal joint file I/O and network transport parameters using a small number of measurements. We show that for XFS and Lustre with direct I/O, this method identifies configurations achieving 97% of the peak transfer rate while probing only 12% of the parameter space.

  20. Interoperability format translation and transformation between IFC architectural design file and simulation file formats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Tian-Jy; Kim, Younghun

    2015-01-06

    Automatically translating a building architecture file format (Industry Foundation Class) to a simulation file, in one aspect, may extract data and metadata used by a target simulation tool from a building architecture file. Interoperability data objects may be created and the extracted data is stored in the interoperability data objects. A model translation procedure may be prepared to identify a mapping from a Model View Definition to a translation and transformation function. The extracted data may be transformed using the data stored in the interoperability data objects, an input Model View Definition template, and the translation and transformation function to convert the extracted data to correct geometric values needed for a target simulation file format used by the target simulation tool. The simulation file in the target simulation file format may be generated.

  1. Are suggestions from coupled file changes useful for perfective maintenance tasks?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmin Ramadani

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Software maintenance is an important activity in the development process where maintenance team members leave and new members join over time. The identification of files which are changed together frequently has been proposed several times. Yet, existing studies about coupled file changes ignore the feedback from developers as well as the impact of these changes on the performance of maintenance and rather these studies rely on the analysis findings and expert evaluation. Methods We investigate the usefulness of coupled file changes during perfective maintenance tasks when developers are inexperienced in programming or when they were new on the project. Using data mining on software repositories we identify files that are changed most frequently together in the past. We extract coupled file changes from the Git repository of a Java software system and join them with corresponding attributes from the versioning and issue tracking system and the project documentation. We present a controlled experiment involving 36 student participants in which we investigate if coupled file change suggestions influence the correctness of the task solutions and the required time to complete them. Results The results show that the use of coupled file change suggestions significantly increases the correctness of the solutions. However, there is only a minor effect on the time required to complete the perfective maintenance tasks. We also derived a set of the most useful attributes based on the developers’ feedback. Discussion Coupled file changes and a limited number of the proposed attributes are useful for inexperienced developers working on perfective maintenance tasks where although the developers using these suggestions solved more tasks, they still need time to understand and organize this information.

  2. Optimized Data Replication for Small Files in Cloud Storage Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiong Fu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cloud storage has become an important part of a cloud system nowadays. Most current cloud storage systems perform well for large files but they cannot manage small file storage appropriately. With the development of cloud services, more and more small files are emerging. Therefore, we propose an optimized data replication approach for small files in cloud storage systems. A small file merging algorithm and a block replica placement algorithm are involved in this approach. Small files are classified into four types according to their access frequencies. A number of small files will be merged into the same block based on which type they belong to. And the replica placement algorithm helps to improve the access efficiencies of small files in a cloud system. Related experiment results demonstrate that our proposed approach can effectively shorten the time spent reading and writing small files, and it performs better than the other two already known data replication algorithms: HAR and SequenceFile.

  3. 78 FR 26357 - Alaska Electric Light & Power Company; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Alaska Electric Light & Power Company; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing of Pre-Application Document, and Approving Use of the Traditional Licensing Process a. Type of Filing: Notice of Intent to File...

  4. 76 FR 58257 - Combined Notice of Filings #2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... Hills Wind Farm, LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 10/31/2007. Filed Date: 09/12/2011. Accession Number... filing per 35.1: Smoky Hills Wind Project II, LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 10/20/2008. Filed Date: 09..., LLC submits tariff filing per 35.1: Enel Stillwater, LLC MBR Tariff to be effective 12/5/2008. Filed...

  5. 76 FR 59676 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... MBR Tariff to be effective 10/1/2011. Filed Date: 09/16/2011. Accession Number: 20110916-5146. Comment... 35.1: ONEOK Energy Services Company Baseline MBR Filing to be effective 9/16/2011. Filed Date: 09/16... Services Order No. 697 Compliance Filing of MBR Tariff to be effective 9/16/2011. Filed Date: 09/16/2011...

  6. Status and evaluation methods of JENDL fusion file and JENDL PKA/KERMA file

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chiba, S.; Fukahori, T.; Shibata, K.; Yu Baosheng; Kosako, K.

    1997-01-01

    The status of evaluated nuclear data in the JENDL fusion file and PKA/KERMA file is presented. The JENDL fusion file was prepared in order to improve the quality of the JENDL-3.1 data especially on the double-differential cross sections (DDXs) of secondary neutrons and gamma-ray production cross sections, and to provide DDXs of secondary charged particles (p, d, t, 3 He and α-particle) for the calculation of PKA and KERMA factors. The JENDL fusion file contains evaluated data of 26 elements ranging from Li to Bi. The data in JENDL fusion file reproduce the measured data on neutron and charged-particle DDXs and also on gamma-ray production cross sections. Recoil spectra in PKA/KERMA file were calculated from secondary neutron and charged-particle DDXs contained in the fusion file with two-body reaction kinematics. The data in the JENDL fusion file and PKA/KERMA file were compiled in ENDF-6 format with an MF=6 option to store the DDX data. (orig.)

  7. Automated quality control in a file-based broadcasting workflow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lina

    2014-04-01

    Benefit from the development of information and internet technologies, television broadcasting is transforming from inefficient tape-based production and distribution to integrated file-based workflows. However, no matter how many changes have took place, successful broadcasting still depends on the ability to deliver a consistent high quality signal to the audiences. After the transition from tape to file, traditional methods of manual quality control (QC) become inadequate, subjective, and inefficient. Based on China Central Television's full file-based workflow in the new site, this paper introduces an automated quality control test system for accurate detection of hidden troubles in media contents. It discusses the system framework and workflow control when the automated QC is added. It puts forward a QC criterion and brings forth a QC software followed this criterion. It also does some experiments on QC speed by adopting parallel processing and distributed computing. The performance of the test system shows that the adoption of automated QC can make the production effective and efficient, and help the station to achieve a competitive advantage in the media market.

  8. Detection Of Alterations In Audio Files Using Spectrograph Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandha Krishnan G

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The corresponding study was carried out to detect changes in audio file using spectrograph. An audio file format is a file format for storing digital audio data on a computer system. A sound spectrograph is a laboratory instrument that displays a graphical representation of the strengths of the various component frequencies of a sound as time passes. The objectives of the study were to find the changes in spectrograph of audio after altering them to compare altering changes with spectrograph of original files and to check for similarity and difference in mp3 and wav. Five different alterations were carried out on each audio file to analyze the differences between the original and the altered file. For altering the audio file MP3 or WAV by cutcopy the file was opened in Audacity. A different audio was then pasted to the audio file. This new file was analyzed to view the differences. By adjusting the necessary parameters the noise was reduced. The differences between the new file and the original file were analyzed. By adjusting the parameters from the dialog box the necessary changes were made. The edited audio file was opened in the software named spek where after analyzing a graph is obtained of that particular file which is saved for further analysis. The original audio graph received was combined with the edited audio file graph to see the alterations.

  9. 75 FR 62526 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-12

    ... Time on Tuesday, October 12, 2010. Docket Numbers: RP10-1373-000. Applicants: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. Description: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. submits its Baseline Tariff Filing to FERC Gas Tariff...

  10. The International Reactor Dosimetry File (IRDF-85)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cullen, D.E.; McLaughlin, P.K.

    1985-04-01

    This document describes the contents of the second version of the International Reactor Dosimetry File (IRDF-85), distributed by the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency. This library superseded IRDF-82. (author)

  11. FDIC Summary of Deposits (SOD) Download File

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation — The FDIC's Summary of Deposits (SOD) download file contains deposit data for branches and offices of all FDIC-insured institutions. The Federal Deposit Insurance...

  12. 75 FR 39229 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-08

    ... Time on Tuesday, July 06, 2010. Docket Numbers: RP10-879-000. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: Annual Cash Out Report of Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Filed Date: 06/23/2010. Accession Number...

  13. 78 FR 43195 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    .... ET 7/23/13. Docket Numbers: RP13-1071-000. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: Cash Out Refund Report for Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Filed Date: 7/11/13. Accession Number...

  14. 76 FR 48836 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ...-000. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: 2011 Annual Report of Cash Out Activity of Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Filed Date: 07/29/2011. Accession Number: 20110729-5269. Comment Date: 5 p.m...

  15. 78 FR 77446 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ...-conforming & Negotiated Rate Service Agreements-- PNG & EGC to be effective 12/31/9998. Filed Date: 12/12/13...: Equitrans, L.P. Description: Withdrawal Non-conforming & Negotiated Rate Service Agreements--PNG & EGC to be...

  16. 75 FR 5595 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    ..., Esq.; Hoppel, Mayer & Coleman; 1050 Connecticut Ave., NW., 10th Floor; Washington, DC 20036. Synopsis... Distribution, Inc. Filing Party: Paul D. Coleman, Esq.; Hoppel, Mayer & Coleman; 1050 Connecticut Ave. NW...

  17. 78 FR 8533 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... Charter. Parties: EUKOR Car Carriers, Inc. and FESCO Ocean Management Limited Filing Parties: Neal M Mayer, Esq.; Hoppel, Mayer & Coleman; 1050 Connecticut Avenue NW, 10th Floor; Washington, DC 20036 Synopsis...

  18. 75 FR 20849 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... Shipping & Construction Co., Ltd. and United Abaco Shipping Company Limited. Filing Parties: Neal M. Mayer, Esq.; Hoppel, Mayer & Coleman; 1050 Connecticut Avenue NW., 10th Floor; Washington, DC 20036. Synopsis...

  19. Canada files WTO complaint against EC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    In December 1998, Canada filed a complaint alleging that the European Communities (EC) had adopted regulations that amounted to a scheme to extend patent terms, limited to pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical products.

  20. Identifiable Data Files - Health Outcomes Survey (HOS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) identifiable data files are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...

  1. FileMaker 85 Integrating the Web

    CERN Document Server

    Prosser, Susan

    2006-01-01

    FileMaker Pro, famed for power and ease of use, has added a suite of new features that can seriously boost your database productivity. This tutorial helps you take full advantage of the fresh stuff. It focuses on FileMaker's terrific new tool for integrating the Web with your databases: the Web Viewer. Step-by-step instructions help you create a Web Viewer from one of FileMaker's templates or a totally custom version of your own. But the tutorial doesn't stop there. It goes on to cover Object Naming, including FileMaker's rules for Object Names and how to use them in scripts; new scripts; ne

  2. Tracking Contraband Files Transmitted Using Bittorrent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrader, Karl; Mullins, Barry; Peterson, Gilbert; Mills, Robert

    This paper describes a digital forensic tool that uses an FPGA-based embedded software application to identify and track contraband digital files shared using the BitTorrent protocol. The system inspects each packet on a network for a BitTorrent Handshake message, extracts the “info hash” of the file being shared, compares the hash against a list of known contraband files and, in the event of a match, adds the message to a log file for forensic analysis. Experiments demonstrate that the system is able to successfully capture and process BitTorrent Handshake messages with a probability of at least 99.0% under a network traffic load of 89.6 Mbps on a 100 Mbps network.

  3. Health Insurance Marketplace Public Use Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A set of seven (7) public use files containing information on health insurance issuers participating in the Health Insurance Marketplace and certified qualified...

  4. 76 FR 17653 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    .... Leiter, Esq.; Blank Rome, LLP; Watergate; 600 New Hampshire Avenue NW.; Washington, DC 20037. Synopsis... International Lines (PTE) Ltd.; and Wan Hai Lines Ltd. Filing Party: Robert B. Yoshitomi, Esq.; Nixon Peabody...

  5. Identifiable Data Files - Medicare Provider Analysis and ...

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) File contains data from claims for services provided to beneficiaries admitted to Medicare certified inpatient...

  6. Medicare Geographic Variation - Public Use File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Geographic Variation Public Use File provides the ability to view demographic, utilization and quality indicators at the state level (including...

  7. 77 FR 74839 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... Tejas Pipeline LLC. Description: Joint Petition of El Paso Marketing Company, L.L.C. and Kinder Morgan Tejas Pipeline LLC for Temporary Waiver of Capacity Release Regulations and Policies. Filed Date: 12/11...

  8. IntentToFileWebService

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — A veteran can initiate an Intent To File (ITF) a claim for VBA benefits by initiating a VBA claim via multiple web enabled front ends or by submitting a paper claim...

  9. 78 FR 64940 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... filing of the following agreements under the Shipping Act of 1984. Interested parties may submit comments... Charter Agreement. Parties: Nippon Yusen Kaisha and Eukor Car Carrier Inc. [[Page 64941

  10. 18 CFR 301.3 - Filing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS FOR FEDERAL POWER MARKETING ADMINISTRATIONS AVERAGE SYSTEM COST METHODOLOGY FOR SALES FROM UTILITIES TO BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION UNDER NORTHWEST POWER ACT § 301.3 Filing...

  11. National Drug File - Reference Terminology API

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Drug File - Reference Terminology (NDF-RT) is produced by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration (VHA). NDF-RT is an...

  12. 77 FR 71001 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    .... Agreement No.: 012187-000. Title: Siem Car Carrier Pacific AS/Hoegh Autoliners, Inc. Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Siem Car Carrier Pacific AS and Hoegh Autoliners, Inc. Filing Party: Ashley W. Craig Esq...

  13. The effects of shape memory alloys' tension-compression asymmetryon NiTi endodontic files' fatigue life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karamooz-Ravari, M R; Dehghani, R

    2018-03-01

    Nowadays, NiTi rotary endodontic files are of great importance due to their flexibility which enables the device to cover all the portions of curved canal of tooth. Although this class of files are flexible, intracanal separation might happen during canal preparation due to bending or torsional loadings of the file. Since fabrication and characterization of such devices is challenging, time-consuming, and expensive, it is preferable to predict this failure before fabrication using numerical models. It is demonstrated that NiTi shape memory alloy shows asymmetric material response in tension and compression which can significantly affect the lifetime of the files fabricated from. In this article, the effects of this material asymmetry on the bending response of rotary files are assessed using finite element analysis. To do so, a constitutive model which takes material asymmetry into account is used in combination with the finite element model of a RaCe file. The results show that the material asymmetry can significantly affect the maximum von Mises equivalent stress as well as the force-displacement response of the tip of this file.

  14. 77 FR 61587 - Combined Notice of Filings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ....P. Description: 10/01/12 FERC Order 587-V NAESB 2.0 to be effective 12/1/2012. Filed Date: 10/1/12...: 20121001-5448. Comments Due: 5 p.m. ET 10/15/12. Docket Numbers: RP13-106-000. Applicants: Young Gas... Numbers: RP13-1-000. Applicants: KO Transmission Company. Description: Order No. 587-V Compliance Filing...

  15. Radiology Teaching Files on the Internet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lim, Eun Chung; Kim, Eun Kyung

    1996-01-01

    There is increasing attention about radiology teaching files on the Internet in the field of diagnostic radiology. The purpose of this study was to aid in the creation of new radiology teaching file by analysing the present radiology teaching file sites on the Internet with many aspects and evaluating images on those sites, using Macintosh II ci compute r, 28.8kbps TelePort Fax/Modem, Netscape Navigator 2.0 software. The results were as follow : 1. Analysis of radiology teaching file sites (1) Country distribution was the highest in USA (57.5%). (2) Average number of cases was 186 cases and radiology teaching file sites with search engine were 9 sites (22.5%). (3) At the method of case arrangement, anatomic area type and diagnosis type were found at the 10 sites (25%) each, question and answer type was found at the 9 sites (22.5%). (4) Radiology teaching file sites with oro-maxillofacial disorder were 9 sites (22.5%). (5) At the image format, GIF format was found at the 14 sites (35%), and JPEG format found at the 14 sites (35%). (6) Created year was the highest in 1995 (43.7%). (7) Continuing case upload was found at the 35 sites (87.5%). 2. Evaluation of images on the radiology teaching files (1) Average file size of GIF format (71 Kbyte) was greater than that of JPEG format (24 Kbyte). (P<0.001) (2) Image quality of GIF format was better than that of JPEG format. (P<0.001)

  16. Analysis of audiometric database shows evidence of employee fraud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdreich, John

    2003-10-01

    Following a lengthy strike, several hundred delivery drivers filed workers compensation claims for occupational hearing loss. We were asked to evaluate the noise exposure of the drivers during their in-plant tasks. In-plant exposures were not predictive of any hearing loss. A comparison of audiometric data for the claimants revealed consistent hearing loss independent of duration of employment or age. These discrepancies between observations and common understanding of dose-response relationships between noise exposure and hearing loss led to further investigation, ultimately resulting in the dismissal of all claims against the employer who then filed an action against the claimant's attorneys and physician under the Racketeering in Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO). The details of the legal complaint, which reads like a detective novel, can be found at the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York [93 Civ. 7222 (LAP)].

  17. Implementation of Super-Encryption with Trithemius Algorithm and Double Transposition Cipher in Securing PDF Files on Android Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiman, M. A.; Rachmawati, D.; Jessica

    2018-03-01

    This study aims to combine the trithemus algorithm and double transposition cipher in file security that will be implemented to be an Android-based application. The parameters being examined are the real running time, and the complexity value. The type of file to be used is a file in PDF format. The overall result shows that the complexity of the two algorithms with duper encryption method is reported as Θ (n 2). However, the processing time required in the encryption process uses the Trithemius algorithm much faster than using the Double Transposition Cipher. With the length of plaintext and password linearly proportional to the processing time.

  18. Collective operations in a file system based execution model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, Pravin; Van Hensbergen, Eric

    2013-02-19

    A mechanism is provided for group communications using a MULTI-PIPE synthetic file system. A master application creates a multi-pipe synthetic file in the MULTI-PIPE synthetic file system, the master application indicating a multi-pipe operation to be performed. The master application then writes a header-control block of the multi-pipe synthetic file specifying at least one of a multi-pipe synthetic file system name, a message type, a message size, a specific destination, or a specification of the multi-pipe operation. Any other application participating in the group communications then opens the same multi-pipe synthetic file. A MULTI-PIPE file system module then implements the multi-pipe operation as identified by the master application. The master application and the other applications then either read or write operation messages to the multi-pipe synthetic file and the MULTI-PIPE synthetic file system module performs appropriate actions.

  19. Contents of GPS Data Files

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, John P. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Carver, Matthew Robert [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Norman, Benjamin [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-12-09

    There are no very detailed descriptions of most of these instruments in the literature – we will attempt to fix that problem in the future. The BDD instruments are described in [1]. One of the dosimeter instruments on CXD boxes is described in [2]. These documents (or web links to them) and a few others are in this directory tree. The cross calibration of the CXD electron data with RBSP is described in [3]. Each row in the data file contains the data from one time bin from a CXD or BDD instrument along with a variety of parameters derived from the data. Time steps are commandable but 4 minutes is a typical setting. These instruments are on many (but not all) GPS satellites which are currently in operation. The data come from either BDD instruments on GPS Block IIR satellites (SVN41 and 48), or else CXD-IIR instruments on GPS Block IIR and IIR-M satellites (SVN53-61) or CXD-IIF instruments on GPS block IIF satellites (SVN62-73). The CXD-IIR instruments on block IIR and IIR(M) satellites use the same design.

  20. Securing the AliEn File Catalogue - Enforcing authorization with accountable file operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schreiner, Steffen; Banerjee, Subho Sankar; Betev, Latchezar; Carminati, Federico; Vladimirovna Datskova, Olga; Furano, Fabrizio; Grigoras, Alina; Grigoras, Costin; Mendez Lorenzo, Patricia; Peters, Andreas Joachim; Saiz, Pablo; Bagnasco, Stefano; Zhu Jianlin

    2011-01-01

    The AliEn Grid Services, as operated by the ALICE Collaboration in its global physics analysis grid framework, is based on a central File Catalogue together with a distributed set of storage systems and the possibility to register links to external data resources. This paper describes several identified vulnerabilities in the AliEn File Catalogue access protocol regarding fraud and unauthorized file alteration and presents a more secure and revised design: a new mechanism, called LFN Booking Table, is introduced in order to keep track of access authorization in the transient state of files entering or leaving the File Catalogue. Due to a simplification of the original Access Envelope mechanism for xrootd-protocol-based storage systems, fundamental computational improvements of the mechanism were achieved as well as an up to 50% reduction of the credential's size. By extending the access protocol with signed status messages from the underlying storage system, the File Catalogue receives trusted information about a file's size and checksum and the protocol is no longer dependent on client trust. Altogether, the revised design complies with atomic and consistent transactions and allows for accountable, authentic, and traceable file operations. This paper describes these changes as part and beyond the development of AliEn version 2.19.

  1. Effect of nitriding surface treatment on the corrosion resistance of dental nickel-titanium files in 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, J.-F.; Lin, M.-C.; Hsu, M.-L.; Li, U.-M.; Lin, C.-P.; Tsai, W.-F.; Ai, C.-F.; Chen, L.-K.; Huang, H.-H.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the effect of nitriding surface treatment on the corrosion resistance of commercial dental alloy, in the form of helical nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files, when treated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution. The surface of dental helical Ni-Ti files was modified using nitriding treatment at 200 deg. C, 250 deg. C and 300 deg. C in an NH 3 -containing environment. The surface morphology and chemical composition of the Ni-Ti files were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The corrosion resistance of the Ni-Ti files when treated with a clinical solution of 5.25% NaOCl was evaluated using the linear polarization method and by potentiodynamic polarization curve measurement. The nitriding treatments at different temperatures created titanium nitride (TiN) on the surface of the helical Ni-Ti files. The Ni-Ti files nitrided at 200 deg. C and 250 deg. C showed higher polarization resistance and higher passive film breakdown potential together with a lower passive current than untreated files. The presence of TiN on dental Ni-Ti files significantly increased the corrosion resistance of the files in the presence of 5.25% NaOCl solution.

  2. Sterilizing Endodontic Files by four different sterilization methods to prevent cross-infection - An In-vitro Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raju, T B V G; Garapati, Satish; Agrawal, Rupika; Reddy, Sridhara; Razdan, Ankur; Kumar, S Kishore

    2013-12-01

    Aim of the study was to compare 4 different methods of sterilizing endodontic files in dental practice. The present study was performed on 100 K-files, 21 mm long and of size 25. Of these, 20 files were taken as control group, and the remaining 80 files were divided into 4 groups of 20 files each and they were tested for the efficacy of sterilization with different methods: Autoclave, glass bead, glutaraldehyde and CO2 laser. The study showed that the files sterilized by autoclave and lasers were completely sterile. Those sterilized by glass bead were 90% sterile and those with glutaraldehyde were 80% sterile. The study concluded that autoclave or laser could be used as a method of sterilization in clinical practice and in advanced clinics; laser can be used also as a chair side method of sterilization. How to cite this article: Raju TB, Garapati S, Agrawal R, Reddy S, Razdan A, Kumar SK. Sterilizing Endodontic Files by four different sterilization methods to prevent cross-infection - An In-vitro Study. J Int Oral Health 2013; 5(6):108-12 .

  3. File compression and encryption based on LLS and arithmetic coding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Changzhi; Li, Hengjian; Wang, Xiyu

    2018-03-01

    e propose a file compression model based on arithmetic coding. Firstly, the original symbols, to be encoded, are input to the encoder one by one, we produce a set of chaotic sequences by using the Logistic and sine chaos system(LLS), and the values of this chaotic sequences are randomly modified the Upper and lower limits of current symbols probability. In order to achieve the purpose of encryption, we modify the upper and lower limits of all character probabilities when encoding each symbols. Experimental results show that the proposed model can achieve the purpose of data encryption while achieving almost the same compression efficiency as the arithmetic coding.

  4. THE USELESS OF THE TRANSFER PRICING FILE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEACONU SORIN-CONSTANTIN

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the globalization and of the strengthening of the relations between the UE economical agents, it appears more and more the idea of groups of entities for the justification of the reciprocal deliveries, buying and loans. The transferring price is a concept that requires maximum attention from the affiliated parts, meaning the entities with reciprocal operations and common managers or associates. The theme of our study is the verification of the hypothesis when the transferring price documentary file is not useful. The research methodology of our study include: dedicated literature, study cases, etc. the conclusion is that all affiliated entities (according to the national legislation are legally imposed to establish such a documentary file and the tax authorities may require explanations and information related to the content of this file. Still, the file does not bring extra information for the tax authorities, because its establishing is partial from the start, because no tax payer will accuse himself in front of the tax authorities. We propose the elimination of this documentary file and its replacement with an electronic format of information to an international level, so the tax authority can perform an analysis of the intra-group operation without going to the premises of the economical operators

  5. File access prediction using neural networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Prashanta Kumar; Sahu, Muktikanta; Mohapatra, Subasish; Samantray, Ronak Kumar

    2010-06-01

    One of the most vexing issues in design of a high-speed computer is the wide gap of access times between the memory and the disk. To solve this problem, static file access predictors have been used. In this paper, we propose dynamic file access predictors using neural networks to significantly improve upon the accuracy, success-per-reference, and effective-success-rate-per-reference by using neural-network-based file access predictor with proper tuning. In particular, we verified that the incorrect prediction has been reduced from 53.11% to 43.63% for the proposed neural network prediction method with a standard configuration than the recent popularity (RP) method. With manual tuning for each trace, we are able to improve upon the misprediction rate and effective-success-rate-per-reference using a standard configuration. Simulations on distributed file system (DFS) traces reveal that exact fit radial basis function (RBF) gives better prediction in high end system whereas multilayer perceptron (MLP) trained with Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) backpropagation outperforms in system having good computational capability. Probabilistic and competitive predictors are the most suitable for work stations having limited resources to deal with and the former predictor is more efficient than the latter for servers having maximum system calls. Finally, we conclude that MLP with LM backpropagation algorithm has better success rate of file prediction than those of simple perceptron, last successor, stable successor, and best k out of m predictors.

  6. Aplikasi Keamanan File Algoritma Blowfish pada Universitas Lancang Kuning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurliana Nasution

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSalah satu algoritma kriptografi adalah algoritma Blowfish yang merupakan algoritma kriptografi modern kunci simetris berbentuk cipher block. Aplikasi yang dibangun ini dapat mengenkripsi file (plaintext dalam bentuk teks, gambar, suara, video, juga archieve seperti .zip dan .rar. Enkripsi dilakukan dengan menggunakan kunci tertentu, sehingga menghasilkan chipertext (file yang sudah dienkrip atau disandikan yang tidak dapat dibaca ataupun dimengerti. Ciphertext tersebut dapat dikembalikan seperti semula jika didekripsi menggunakan kunci yang sama sewaktu mengenkripsi file tersebut. Kunci yang digunakan maksimum 56 karakter.Metode yang digunakan untuk membangun aplikasi iniadalah metode waterfall. Perangkat lunak yang digunakan untuk User-System Interface-nya adalah Visual Basic 6.0. Sistem keamanan file merupakan sistem yang diperlukan bagi setiap lembaga atau organisasii, sehingga keberadaan sistem kemanan file menjadi penting untuk melindungi file penting agar data tersebut terjaga dari pihak-pihak yang tidak berkepentingan. Universitas Lancang Kuning belum memilki sistem keamanan file maka dianggap perlu untuk merancang sistem keamanan file algoritma blowfish. Adapun file-file penting Universitas Lancang Kuning yang akan penulis amankan yaitu file keuangan, surat-surat penting, data dosen dan data karyawan yang berekstensi Microsoft Office (.doc, .docx, .xlx, .xlsx Kata kunci: Keamanan file, Algoritma Blowfish, Universitas Lancang Kuning Abstract One of the cryptographic algorithm is Blowfish algorithm which is a modern cryptographic algorithms shaped symmetric key block cipher. This application is built to encrypt files (plaintext in the form of text, images, sound, video, as well as .zip and .rar archives. Encryption is done using a specific key, so as to produce ciphertext (the files that have been encrypted or encoded that can not be read or understood. The ciphertext can be restored if it is decrypted using the same key when

  7. Supplemental Security Income Public-Use Microdata File, 2001 Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The SSI Public-Use Microdata File contains an extract of data fields from SSA's Supplemental Security Record file and consists of a 5 percent random, representative...

  8. 77 FR 51991 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-28

    ... following electric corporate filings: Docket Numbers: EC12-135-000. Applicants: Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC. Description: Section 203 Application of Energia Sierra Juarez U.S., LLC. Filed Date: 8/20/12...

  9. 76 FR 11236 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... Monday, February 28, 2011. Docket Numbers: RP11-1783-000. Applicants: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. Description: Golden Triangle Storage, Inc. submits tariff filing per 154.203: GTS Compliance Filing in Docket...

  10. 77 FR 41177 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ..., Harvest Windfarm, LLC, Exelon Wind 4, LLC, Criterion Power Partners, LLC, Cow Branch Wind Power, LLC...: SDGE 2012 Out of Cycle TACBAA Rate Filing to be effective 9/1/2012. Filed Date: 6/29/12. Accession...

  11. Fair Housing Act Cases Filed by Year and State

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The 'Fair Housing Act Cases Filed by Year and State with the Bases and Outcomes - 2000-2013' dataset summarizes the cases filed as a result of complaints made...

  12. 75 FR 3721 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-22

    ... Bay Cable LLC. Description: Supplemental Filing to Application of Trans Bay Cable LLC. Filed Date: 01...; FPL Energy Green Power Wind, LLC; FPL Energy Hancock County Wind, LLC; FPLE Maine Hydro, LLC; FPL...

  13. 75 FR 54606 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ..., September 07, 2010. Docket Numbers: RP10-1107-000. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.203: Baseline to be effective 9/1/2010. Filed...

  14. 76 FR 77993 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... generator filings: Docket Numbers: EG12-18-000. Applicants: CPV Cimarron Renewable Energy Company LL. Description: Self-Certification as EWG of CPV Cimarron Renewable Energy Company LLC. Filed Date: 12/6/11...

  15. 75 FR 71118 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-22

    ..., November 24, 2010. Docket Numbers: RP10-1230-001. Applicants: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC. Description: Cimarron River Pipeline, LLC submits tariff filing per 154.203: NAESB Correction Filing to be effective 11...

  16. 76 FR 41774 - Combined Notice of Filings #1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... of Banning, California. Description: City of Banning, California submits tariff filing per 35.13(a)(1): City of Banning, CA TO Tariff and TRR Revisions to be effective 7/1/2011. Filed Date: 06/30/2011...

  17. 75 FR 53289 - Combined Notice of Filings No. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... Open Access Transmission Tariff. Filed Date: 08/19/2010. Accession Number: 20100823-0204. Comment Date... Sky Wind, LLC. Description: Big Sky Wind, LLC submits tariff filing per 35.12: Big Sky Wind, LLC...

  18. 26 CFR 40.6091-1 - Place for filing returns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... EXCISE TAXES EXCISE TAX PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS § 40.6091-1 Place for filing returns. (a) Quarterly... residence of the person. (2) Corporations. Returns of corporations that are filed by hand carrying must be...

  19. 75 FR 59252 - Combined Notice of Filings # 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ...-2712-000. Applicants: Cargill Power Markets, LLC. Description: Cargill Power Markets, LLC submits tariff filing per 35.12: Baseline MBR Tariff Filing of Cargill Power Markets, LLC to be effective 9/17...

  20. Archive of Census Related Products (ACRP): 1980 SAS Transport Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The 1980 SAS Transport Files portion of the Archive of Census Related Products (ACRP) contains housing and population demographics from the 1980 Summary Tape File...