Sample records for videtur quo promissa

  1. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob


    to be superior, i.e. a status quo effect. However, in the stated preference literature, the tendency to choose the alternative representing the status quo situation seems to exceed real life status quo effects. Accordingly, status quo bias can be a problem. In the Choice Experiment literature, status quo bias...

  2. Reducing status quo bias in choice experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnichsen, Ole; Ladenburg, Jacob

    In stated preference literature, the tendency to choose the alternative representing the status quo situation seems to exceed real life status quo effects. Accordingly, status quo bias can be a problem. In Choice Experiments, status quo bias is found to be strongly correlated with protest attitudes...

  3. Dante Alighieri: quo vadis? Nuove prospettive nel dialogo delle discipline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franziska Meier


    Full Text Available Tagungsbericht: „Dante Alighieri – quo vadis? Neue Perspektiven im Dialog der Disziplinen“, internationale Tagung, 27. bis 29. Mai 2015, Programm:

  4. Legal Understanding of "Quid Pro Quo" Sexual Harassment in Schools (United States)

    Mahlangu, Vimbi Petrus


    This paper highlights legal understanding of quid pro quo sexual harassment in schools. Quid pro quo sexual harassment implies abuse of authority or position to gain something sexual. A duty of care rests on teachers, Schools Governing Bodies and the Department of Education to provide and maintain safe schools that are free from all forms of…

  5. Voorbij de status quo: Alain Badiou over kunst en politiek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bloois, J.; van den Hemel, E.


    Alain Badiou, van wie onlangs teksten over esthetiek naar het Nederlands zijn vertaald, ziet een bijzondere overeenkomst tussen politiek en kunst. Beide leiden ons op een eigen manier uit een status-quo. De auteurs en samenstellers van de bundel over Badiou geven een korte inleiding in zijn

  6. Normalisation and weighting in life cycle assessment: quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pizzol, Massimo; Laurent, Alexis; Sala, Serenella


    Purpose: Building on the rhetoric question “quo vadis?” (literally “Where are you going?”), this article critically investigates the state of the art of normalisation and weighting approaches within life cycle assessment. It aims at identifying purposes, current practises, pros and cons, as well...

  7. [Status quo and progress of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria]. (United States)

    Huang, Yisheng


    The development of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria and realistic working status in recent years is in- troduced. From five aspects, including general condition of acupuncture in Algeria, clinical application and analysis, of acupuncture, promotion and publicity of acupuncture, existing problem and deficiency, and awards and honor, the status quo and progress of Chinese acupuncture in Algeria are discussed in detail.

  8. Legal Understanding of Quid Pro Quo Sexual Harassment in Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vimbi Petrus Mahlangu


    Full Text Available Paper highlights legal understanding of quid pro quo sexual harassment in schools. Quid pro quo sexual harassment implies abuse of authority or position to gain something sexual. A duty of care rests on teachers, Schools Governing Bodies and the Department of Education to provide and maintain safe schools that are free from all forms of victimisation and abuse. However, there seems to be an abuse of power by all those who are supposedly to protect learners in schools. Paper used an abuse of organisational power theory and conceptualisation framework as a lens used in analysing various forms of victimisation and abuse with an effort to provide a better understanding of behaviour that amounts to abuse. Paper concludes with guidelines for handling harassment and bullying in the school contexts.

  9. Study on status quo of shipbreaking sector and strategies (United States)

    Shen, Wei; Xing, Guojing


    In recent years, the quantity of broken obsolete vessels tends to rise year by year in the shipbreaking sector, but breaking down obsolete vessels is one of vessel operations with high pollution and high risk, involving proper disposal of hazardous substances, bulge discarded oils and other materials, and thus causing great danger and harm. In this paper the author investigates mainly the status quo of the shipbreaking sector, comes up with the “green-shipbreaking” concept, analyzes main problems currently present in the shipbreaking sector and presents proper strategies and recommendations to deal with them.

  10. Induction - organisational renewal and the maintenance of status quo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjær, Bente; Sprogøe, Jonas


    of a Danish retail bank and a Danish management consulting company. The data is based on 30 semi-structured interviews and on some observations in the case companies. The data has subsequently been analyzed phenomenologically and thematically in light of a pragmatist understanding of learning. Findings......: The paper provides two main findings. 1) The duality of induction, in terms of organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo can be conceptualized and meaningfully discussed through the metaphors of organizational rhythm and generative dance. And 2), if this ambiguous dimension of induction....../value: Seeing the duality of induction and exploring it through the metaphors of organizational rhythm and generative dancing is original and potentially enriching for researchers and practitioners....

  11. I Have, Therefore I Love: Status Quo Preference in Mate Choice. (United States)

    Gunaydin, Gul; Selcuk, Emre; Yilmaz, Cansu; Hazan, Cindy


    Decades of research indicate that individuals adhere to existing states ("status quo bias") and value them more ("endowment effect"). The present work is the first to investigate status quo preference within the context of trade-offs in mate choice. Across seven studies (total N = 1,567), participants indicated whether they would prefer remaining with a current partner possessing a particular set of traits (e.g., high trustworthiness, low attractiveness) or switching to an alternative partner possessing opposite traits. Preference for a given trait was highest when the individual representing the status quo (one's romantic partner or an interaction partner) possessed that trait. Concerns about hurting the partner, ambiguity avoidance, and biased construal of the partner and the alternative predicted status quo preference and disapproval of the current partner by network members eliminated this effect. These findings indicate that when it comes to matters of the heart, we tend to love what we currently have.

  12. Quid pro quo: tobacco companies and the black press. (United States)

    McCandless, Phyra M; Yerger, Valerie B; Malone, Ruth E


    We explored the relationship between tobacco companies and the Black press, which plays an important role in conveying information and opinions to Black communities. In this archival case study, we analyzed data from internal tobacco industry documents and archives of the National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA), the trade association of the Black press. In exchange for advertising dollars and other support, the tobacco industry expected and received support from Black newspapers for tobacco industry policy positions. Beginning in the 1990s, resistance from within the Black community and reduced advertising budgets created counterpressures. The tobacco industry, however, continued to sustain NNPA support. The quid pro quo between tobacco companies and the Black press violated journalistic standards and represented an unequal trade. Although numerous factors explain today's tobacco-related health disparities, the Black press's service to tobacco companies is problematic because of the trust that the community placed in such media. Understanding the relationship between the tobacco industry and the NNPA provides insight into strategies that the tobacco industry may use in other communities and countries.

  13. Insect juvenile hormone: from "status quo" to high society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Hartfelder


    Full Text Available Juvenile hormone (JH exerts pleiotropic functions during insect life cycles. The regulation of JH biosynthesis by neuropeptides and biogenic amines, as well as the transport of JH by specific binding proteins is now well understood. In contrast, comprehending its mode of action on target organs is still hampered by the difficulties in isolating specific receptors. In concert with ecdysteroids, JH orchestrates molting and metamorphosis, and its modulatory function in molting processes has gained it the attribute "status quo" hormone. Whereas the metamorphic role of JH appears to have been widely conserved, its role in reproduction has been subject to many modifications. In many species, JH stimulates vitellogenin synthesis and uptake. In mosquitoes, however, this function has been transferred to ecdysteroids, and JH primes the ecdysteroid response of developing follicles. As reproduction includes a variety of specific behaviors, including migration and diapause, JH has come to function as a master regulator in insect reproduction. The peak of pleiotropy was definitely reached in insects exhibiting facultative polymorphisms. In wing-dimorphic crickets, differential activation of JH esterase determines wing length. The evolution of sociality in Isoptera and Hymenoptera has also extensively relied on JH. In primitively social wasps and bumble bees, JH integrates dominance position with reproductive status. In highly social insects, such as the honey bee, JH has lost its gonadotropic role and now regulates division of labor in the worker caste. Its metamorphic role has been extensively explored in the morphological differentiation of queens and workers, and in the generation of worker polymorphism, such as observed in ants.

  14. Chinese Transformation Policies for 2015 and Beyond: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Im-Soo Yoo


    that protests are there only means of expressing their dissatisfaction. The pro-democracy movement of 1989 was crushed by the army and the next two leaders of China pursued economic growth while keeping the status quo in the political system. The current president of China, Xi Jinping, has established a ten-year plan for China which will continue to develop the nation, while setting a new direction and fighting corruption. Xi, being new blood in the system, is believed by many to have the potential to successfully carry out reforms in China and consolidate its position as a leader in the world.

  15. Questions and Answers on Gift Substantiation and Quid Pro Quo Disclosure Statement Requirements for Private Schools. (United States)

    United States Catholic Conference, Washington, DC.

    This publication is a guide to recent tax law changes affecting requirements about acknowledging gifts to education institutions and about quid pro quo disclosure. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 states that donors may not deduct cash or noncash contributions of $250 or more to a private school or other charitable organization unless…

  16. The status quo of green-building education in South Africa | Jacobs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These departments included quantity surveying and construction management; architecture; quantity surveying, construction management, and urban planning. The intention of this article was not to investigate curriculum renewal/innovation, but merely to examine the status quo of green building education currently offered ...

  17. Separating Rhetoric from Reality: Supporting Teachers in Negotiating Beyond the Status Quo (United States)

    Long, Susi


    Across the country, new and experienced teachers find themselves losing the confidence and energy it takes to challenge an unacceptable status quo. Too often, dynamic educators disappear within systems that are antithetical to what they envisioned when they entered the profession or they leave the profession altogether. This article describes the…

  18. An Analysis of the Cape Verdean Status Quo: Outgrowths of a Critical Environment. (United States)

    Brown, Christopher

    Utilizing an anthropological approach, this paper provides an intense and unified description of the dominant geographic, economic, political, historic, and social trends prevalent in Cape Verde. It serves as a quasi-explicit and exceptionally objective emphasis of the island's background, and the outgrowths evident in the status quo. The…

  19. Síndrome de Down versus paralisia do pequeno oblíquo


    Camacho, Beatriz; Rama, Bernardo; Carvalho, Ita; Poças, Ilda


    A Síndrome de Brown (SB) é uma síndrome anatómica e restritiva. Segundo Brown (1942), esta síndrome é classificada como uma ausência de elevação em adução, uma síndrome restritiva do grande oblíquo. Pode ser congénita, adquirida e iatrogénica e divide-se como ligeira, severa ou profunda. O Pequeno Oblíquo (PO) tem como acções a exciclodução, elevação e abdução. Ao estar afectado, observa-se nos movimentos oculares limitação da elevação e adução, que induz uma paralisia deste músculo. Assim, a...

  20. Podstata statu quo Tchaj-wanu v kontextu teorie odstrašení


    Válek, Matěj


    This master's degree thesis deals with status quo of Taiwan through the scope of deterrence theory. Although China has claimed island as its integral part and that it must be reunited with mainland China Taiwan is still de facto independent state. Important factor of China-Taiwan relations is US long-term security commitment to the island which creates deterrence triad in which the United States deters China from coercive solution of the Taiwan issue. Through the engagement of basic assumptio...

  1. Can Decision Biases Improve Insurance Outcomes? An Experiment on Status Quo Bias in Health Insurance Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Felder


    Full Text Available Rather than conforming to the assumption of perfect rationality in neoclassical economic theory, decision behavior has been shown to display a host of systematic biases. Properly understood, these patterns can be instrumentalized to improve outcomes in the public realm. We conducted a laboratory experiment to study whether decisions over health insurance policies are subject to status quo bias and, if so, whether experience mitigates this framing effect. Choices in two treatment groups with status quo defaults are compared to choices in a neutrally framed control group. A two-step design features sorting of subjects into the groups, allowing us to control for selection effects due to risk preferences. The results confirm the presence of a status quo bias in consumer choices over health insurance policies. However, this effect of the default framing does not persist as subjects repeat this decision in later periods of the experiment. Our results have implications for health care policy, for example suggesting that the use of non-binding defaults in health insurance can facilitate the spread of co-insurance policies and thereby help contain health care expenditure.

  2. Can Decision Biases Improve Insurance Outcomes? An Experiment on Status Quo Bias in Health Insurance Choice (United States)

    Krieger, Miriam; Felder, Stefan


    Rather than conforming to the assumption of perfect rationality in neoclassical economic theory, decision behavior has been shown to display a host of systematic biases. Properly understood, these patterns can be instrumentalized to improve outcomes in the public realm. We conducted a laboratory experiment to study whether decisions over health insurance policies are subject to status quo bias and, if so, whether experience mitigates this framing effect. Choices in two treatment groups with status quo defaults are compared to choices in a neutrally framed control group. A two-step design features sorting of subjects into the groups, allowing us to control for selection effects due to risk preferences. The results confirm the presence of a status quo bias in consumer choices over health insurance policies. However, this effect of the default framing does not persist as subjects repeat this decision in later periods of the experiment. Our results have implications for health care policy, for example suggesting that the use of non-binding defaults in health insurance can facilitate the spread of co-insurance policies and thereby help contain health care expenditure. PMID:23783222


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    The choice argument. While the choice argument has been formulated in a variety of ways,13 Sachs J in his minority decision of Volks v Robinson14 described .... see Smith and Heaton 2012 THRHR 472-484 and Scott 2013 TSAR 777-793. ... Prior to the enactment of the Civil Union Act,29 there existed a rational distinction.

  4. Samobójstwo estetyczne. Na marginesie Quo vadis Henryka Sienkiewicza (ESTHETICAL SUICIDE. ON THE MARGIN OF 'QUO VADIS?' BY H. SIENKIEWICZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ireneusz Ziemiński


    Full Text Available The article presents the Petronius' suicide (as a character of 'Quo vadis?' in the context of ancient and Christian concept of death and dying. Petronius' death arranged as a piece of art (to realize the idea of beauty is an icon of the ancient Rome's passing culture. It is a theatre of death and that is why it can not be the pattern to follow or any resolving of human existential mortality problem. Better attitude to death is Eunice's suicide committed for love as absolute value. Petronius' conduct and way of living was dependent on philosophy of Stoics, Epicureans, and first of all Skeptics. In this context we can see weakness of ancient philosophy as 'meditatio mortis'. Esthetical suicide as a final act of life is only human and it does not point to any eternal value. On the contrary, the death of the Christian martyrs reduced to bloody performance on the arena, points to transcendent aspect of human life and dying. According to Petronius, the way of dying is the best value criterion of any religious or philosophical doctrine and you can die with dignity even if you do not believe in Christ or eternal life. He tried to demonstrate the best values of Rome but his theatric death was rather empty gesture than the evidence of death's majesty. Christians' martyr death for faith seems more authentic than Petronius' esthetical suicide.

  5. Channeling consumers to preferred providers and the impact of status quo bias: does type of provider matter? (United States)

    Boonen, Lieke H H M; Donkers, Bas; Schut, Frederik T


    To effectively bargain about the price and quality of health services, health insurers need to successfully channel their enrollees. Little is known about consumer sensitivity to different channeling incentives. In particular, the impact of status quo bias, which is expected to differ between different provider types, can play a large role in insurers' channeling ability. To examine consumer sensitivity to channeling strategies and to analyze the impact of status quo bias for different provider types. With a large-scale discrete choice experiment, we investigate the impact of channeling incentives on choices for pharmacies and general practitioners (GPs). Survey data were obtained among a representative Dutch household panel (n = 2,500). Negative financial incentives have a two to three times larger impact on provider choice than positive ones. Positive financial incentives have a relatively small impact on GP choice, while the impact of qualitative incentives is relatively large. Status quo bias has a large impact on provider choice, which is more prominent in the case of GPs than in the case of pharmacies. The large impact of the status quo bias makes channeling consumers away from their current providers a daunting task, particularly in the case of GPs. © Health Research and Educational Trust.

  6. Channeling Consumers to Preferred Providers and the Impact of Status Quo Bias: Does Type of Provider Matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.H.H.M. Boonen (Lieke); A.C.D. Donkers (Bas); F.T. Schut (Erik)


    textabstractContext. To effectively bargain about the price and quality of health services, health insurers need to successfully channel their enrollees. Little is known about consumer sensitivity to different channeling incentives. In particular, the impact of status quo bias, which is expected to

  7. The “New Doctorate” in Austria: Progress toward a Professional Model or Status Quo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Pechar


    Full Text Available Until recently, both policy direction and public awareness of the Bologna Process has been focused almost unilaterally on the introduction of the Bachelor’s degree to European universities. This is understandable, as for most European countries, the Bachelor is a new academic degree. However, commencing with the Berlin Ministerial Conference (Realising the European Higher Education Area, 2003, reform of doctoral studies has been highlighted as a second equal pillar in the Bologna reform process. In this paper, we begin by providing an overview of the general policy background and the rationales that underlie the attempts to restructure doctoral studies in Europe. Next, we focus on the specific situation in Austria, where peculiarities of the status quo collide with uniquely Austrian approaches to reforming doctoral education. Finally, through two case studies, we examine initial attempts – and related challenges – to implement the “New Doctorate” in Austria.

  8. Toward evidence-based Chinese medicine: Status quo, opportunities and challenges. (United States)

    Chen, Yao-Long; Zhao, Chen; Zhang, Li; Li, Bo; Wu, Chuan-Hong; Mu, Wei; Wang, Jia-Ying; Yang, Ke-Hu; Li, You-Ping; Chen, Chiehfeng; Wang, Yong-Yan; Wang, Chen; Bian, Zhao-Xiang; Shang, Hong-Cai


    How to test the treatments of Chinese medicine (CM) and make them more widely accepted by practitioners of Western medicine and the international healthcare community is a major concern for practitioners and researchers of CM. For centuries, various approaches have been used to identify and measure the efficacy and safety of CM. However, the high-quality evidence related to CM that produced in China is still rare. Over the recent years, evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been increasingly applied to CM, strengthening its theoretical basis. This paper reviews the past and present state of CM, analyzes the status quo, challenges and opportunities of basic research, clinical trials, systematic reviews, clinical practice guidelines and clinical pathways and evidence-based education developed or conducted in China, pointing out how EBM can help to make CM more widely used and recognized worldwide.

  9. Committed activists and the reshaping of status-quo social consensus

    CERN Document Server

    Mistry, Dina; Perra, Nicola; Baronchelli, Andrea


    The role of committed minorities in shaping public opinion has been recently addressed with the help of multi-agent models. However, previous studies focused on homogeneous populations where zealots stand out only for their stubbornness. Here, we consider the more general case in which individuals are characterized by different propensities to communicate. In particular, we correlate commitment with a higher tendency to push an opinion, acknowledging the fact that individuals with unwavering dedication to a cause are also more active in their attempts to promote their message. We show that these \\textit{activists} are not only more efficient in spreading their message but that their efforts require an order of magnitude fewer individuals than a randomly selected committed minority to bring the population over to a new consensus. Finally, we address the role of communities, showing that partisan divisions in the society can make it harder for committed individuals to flip the status-quo social consensus.

  10. Physical punishment of children: can we continue to accept the status quo? (United States)

    Oates, Kim


    All children require discipline, although physical punishment is just one form of discipline. Parental use of physical punishment is inter-generational. There is now evidence that physical punishment of children is not only less effective than other forms of discipline but can also lead to aggressive behaviour in childhood and adult life. Twenty-nine countries, including New Zealand, have laws against physical punishment in the home. Australian attitudes are slowly changing in favour of less use of physical punishment, but there is a long way to go. As advocates for children, paediatricians should not be content to accept the status quo. © 2011 The Author. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2011 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).

  11. Review of concentrating solar thermal power industry in China: Status quo, problems, trend and countermeasures (United States)

    Zou, Jiajun


    Concentrating solar thermal power (CSP) industry is a strategic emerging industry in China. Its further development is of great significance for promoting the energy revolution, achieving energy saving and emission reduction. In this paper, China’s CSP industry is systematically analysed. First of all, the status quo is elaborated from the perspectives of relevant policies and regulations, market and generation technology development. Secondly, the problems and the underlying reasons of China’s CSP industry are deeply studied. On this basis, the future trends of CSP are expounded on the three levels of policy, market and power generation technology. Finally, a series of feasible countermeasures are put forward, designed to promote the development of CSP industry and the transformation of energy structure.

  12. WP 2 Report: Integrated Status Quo and Trends Assessment in Wuxi. Overview of WP 2 Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dienst, Carmen; Hoeller, Samuel; Saurat, Mathieu; Schneider, Clemens; Xia-Bauer, Chun (Wuppertal Institute (Germany)); Oberheitmann, Andreas (China Environmental Research (China)); Fischer, Tom; Gemmer, Marco; Jiang Tong (China Meteorological Administration, National Climate Centre (China)); Wang Can; Wang Haoping (Tsinghua University, Research Centre for International Environmental Policy (China)); Ren Hongyan; Sui Xinying (Wuxi Low Carbon Development Research Centre (China))


    The overall project will scientifically explore the Low Carbon Future City (LCFC) concept in two case studies: the German region of Dusseldorf and the Chinese city of Wuxi, Jiangsu Province. The Wuppertal Institute together with a consortium of Chinese scientific institutes is developing integrated low carbon city strategies for the two pilot regions. The project is funded by the German Stiftung Mercator. Provided in this report, as part of the scientific analysis of the Chinese pilot region, is a comprehensive status quo and trends assessment of greenhouse gas emissions, climate change and resource use in Wuxi. It includes a GHG inventory, a business-as-usual scenario for GHG emissions, scenarios for future climate change and its impacts as well as an analysis of future resource use in the energy and buildings sector of Wuxi. Based on this assessment, the authors have selected key sectors for which low carbon scenarios as well as policy strategies will be finalised.

  13. [Instruments of management accounting in german hospitals - potentials for competitive advantage and status quo]. (United States)

    Berens, W; Lachmann, M; Wömpener, A


    The aim of this study is to provide an analysis of the status quo for the usage of instruments of management accounting in German hospitals. 600 managing directors of German hospitals were asked to answer a questionnaire about the usage of management accounting instruments in their hospitals. We obtained 121 usable datasets, which are evaluated in this study. A significant increase in the usage of management accounting instruments can be observed over time. The respondents have an overall positive perception of the usage of these instruments. Cost accounting and information systems are among the most widely used instruments, while widely discussed concepts like the balanced scorecard or clinical pathways show surprisingly low usage rates. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. Zero Emission Buildings in Korea—History, Status Quo, and Future Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsten Schuetze


    Full Text Available This paper discusses the history, status quo, and future prospects of Zero Emission Buildings (ZEBs in the Republic of Korea. The advantages of, and requirements for ZEBs are described, concerning the factors of energy, water, nutrients, and biomass. ZEBs are characterized by net zero energy consumption through the minimization of the energy demand, as well as the onsite production and use of renewable energy. The direct water footprint is reduced by up to 100% through on-site water supply and wastewater management according to the principles of Sustainable Sanitation. The fresh water demand is reduced by using water saving technologies and by recycling of wastewater. Rainwater harvesting, utilization, and infiltration facilitates for onsite drinking water production. Nutrients and biomass from sanitation systems are recycled for local soil application. While traditional Korean buildings can be generally regarded as ZEBs, traditional know-how has been overlooked in the process of modernization and implementation of centralized infrastructure systems in the 20th century. However, the growing interest in sustainability issues in Korea since the beginning of the 21st century is reflected in a growing number of research and development activities, including the design, construction, and operation of ZEBs. The widespread implementation of ZEBs would significantly contribute to sustainable development in the Republic of Korea.

  15. Healthcare professionals' use of health clouds: Integrating technology acceptance and status quo bias perspectives. (United States)

    Hsieh, Pi-Jung


    Cloud computing technology has recently been seen as an important milestone in medical informatics development. Despite its great potential, there are gaps in our understanding of how users evaluate change in relation to the health cloud and how they decide to resist it. Integrating technology acceptance and status quo bias perspectives, this study develops an integrated model to explain healthcare professionals' intention to use the health cloud service and their intention to resist it. A field survey was conducted in Taiwan to collect data from healthcare professionals; a structural equation model was used to examine the data. A valid sample of 209 healthcare professionals was collected for data analysis. The results show that healthcare professionals' resistance to the use of the health cloud is the result of regret avoidance, inertia, perceived value, switching costs, and perceived threat. Attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control are shown to have positive and direct effects on healthcare professionals' intention to use the health cloud. The results also indicate a significant negative effect in the relationship between healthcare professionals' intention and resistance to using the health cloud. Our study illustrates the importance of incorporating user resistance in technology acceptance studies in general and in health technology usage studies in particular. This study also identifies key factors for practitioners and hospitals to make adoption decisions in relation to the health cloud. Further, the study provides a useful reference for future studies in this subject field. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Quo Vadis, Japan. [Status of Japan's Nuclear Power Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    A pile of plutonium - 1.4 tonnes in all - was on board Japanese nuclear transport ship Akatsuki Maru when it left France on November 8, 1992 for Japan. Alongside it were Greenpeace's hostile and ever-vigilant boats and the great swells of public protest from around the world. Transports like this are likely to follow. But more to the tune of 30 to 40 tonnes of plutonium cargo is expected from the Japanese spent fuel that is separated at European reprocessing plants. Both Japanese utilities and governmental agencies have agreed that plutonium is to be fabricated into mixed oxide fuel (MOX) before being returned to Japan. But in the meantime, critics are accusing Japan of being one of the greatest threats to international safety. After the Akatsuki Maru spectacle, the Japanese civil nuclear program is awash in criticism and can not escape the watchful eye of the international community. Now, with Japan's parliamentary elections over and a review of its nuclear program just around the corner, the question is: Quo vadis, Japan

  17. Creative thinking in prospective teachers: the status quo and the impact of contextual factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannetjie Meintjes


    Full Text Available To create unique and appropriate learning opportunities and environments and to nurture the development of creative thinking abilities among learners are some of the demands for creative thinking currently expected of teachers globally and also in South Africa. Creative thinking in academic context assumes, among other things, the ability to generate a variety of original ideas, to see different viewpoints and elaborate on ideas. We report on the findings of a quantitative pilot investigation by means of experimental research utilizing an ex post facto design to determine the status quo regarding the creative thinking abilities of a hetrogeneous group of 207 pre-service teachers studying at a South African university, using the Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults (ATTA and a Partial Least Squares (PLS exploration into the relationship between contextual factors and the students' creative thinking abilities. Strong correlations were found among a variety of contextual factors such as the type of school model and culture and creative thinking abilities and also between specific contextual factors such as the choice of role model and socio economic and acculturation factors and certain creative thinking abilities. This research explores a largely unknown field, namely, the creative thinking abilities of a group of South African pre-service teachers of different cultural groups and creates an awareness of the need for the development of creative thinking abilities among these prospective teachers.

  18. Status quo of management of the human tissue banks in Taiwan. (United States)

    Chou, Ching-Pang; Chou, Szu-Cheng; Chen, Ying-Hua; Chen, Yu-Hsuan; Lee, Ming-Shin


    As the technologies associated with transplantation and biological tissue engineering continue to advance, human cells and tissues form an integral part to the practice of regenerative medicine. The patient's use of tissues entails the risk of introducing, transmitting and spreading communicable diseases. To prevent such risk and to ensure that the human organs, tissues and cells remain intact and functional after being handled and processed, the transplanted tissues must be subject to good management standards through all stages of collection, screening, processing, storage and distribution as the safety of the users is of the utmost importance. On February 2009, the government of Taiwan promulgated the Regulations for Administration on Human Organ Bank that requires all human tissues banks to adhere to the Good Tissue Practice for Human Organ, Tissue and Cell in terms of establishment and operation in order to cope with the international management trend and the development and management need of the domestic industry. Six years have passed since the law became effective. This article seeks to introduce the current management mechanism and status quo of management of human tissue banks in Taiwan. We also conducted statistical analysis of the data relating to the tissue banks to identify potential risks and the room for improvement. The study concludes that human tissue banks in Taiwan are on the right track with their management practice, leading to a state of steady development and progress.

  19. Health disparities, politics, and the maintenance of the status quo: A new theory of inequality. (United States)

    Rodriguez, Javier M


    Individuals participate in politics to influence the politicians that prescribe the policies and programs that distribute the public goods and services that shape the social determinants of health. But the opportunity to participate in politics is conditional on survival, and in the U.S., the haves enjoy a significant survival advantage over the have-nots. This process can be detected looking at the relationship between age and participation: It is inflated by the fact that, as time progresses, a higher proportion of low-SES, low-level participation individuals die and are therefore excluded from the available pool of participants faster than high-SES, high-level participation individuals. We analyze this mechanism applying propensity scores matching and multivariate regressions on data from MIDUS I (Midlife in the United States: A National Study of Health and Well-being) and its 10-year mortality follow-up. Results show that health differences between 10-year survivors and non-survivors explain 56% of their differences in socio-political participation. Survivors participate at higher levels than non-survivors across all age groups and SES levels; without detrimental differences in health, individuals would participate 28% more as they age. The same disadvantaged individuals whose increased participation would pressure for redistributive policies are those who die off from the available pool of participants at much higher rates than socioeconomically advantaged individuals. The proposed conceptual model helps to explain how, through the early disappearance of the poor, continuing socio-political participation of high-SES survivors helps to perpetuate inequality in the status quo. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. The effects of implicit gender role theories on gender system justification: Fixed beliefs strengthen masculinity to preserve the status quo. (United States)

    Kray, Laura J; Howland, Laura; Russell, Alexandra G; Jackman, Lauren M


    Four studies (n = 1199) tested support for the idea that implicit theories about the fixedness versus malleability of gender roles (entity vs. incremental theories) predict differences in the degree of gender system justification, that is, support for the status quo in relations between women and men in society. Relative to an incremental theory, the holding of an entity theory correlated with more system-justifying attitudes and self-perceptions (Study 1) for men and women alike. We also found that strength of identification with one's gender in-group was a stronger predictor of system justification for men than it was for women, suggesting men's defense of the status quo may be motivated by their membership in a high status group in the social hierarchy. In 3 experiments, we then tested whether exposure to a fixed gender role theory would lead men to identify more with masculine characteristics and their male gender group, thus increasing their defense of the gender system as fair and just. We did not expect a fixed gender role theory to trigger these identity-motivated responses in women. Overall, we found that, by increasing the degree of psychological investment in their masculine identity, adopting a fixed gender role theory increased men's rationalization of the gender status quo compared with when gender roles were perceived to be changeable. This suggests that, when men are motivated to align with their masculine identity, they are more likely to endorse the persistence of gender inequality as a way of affirming their status as "real men." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  1. Quo vadis: what is the future of periodontics? How will we get there? (United States)

    Kornman, Kenneth S; Giannobile, William V; Duff, Gordon W


    Approximately 40 years ago periodontists began systematically developing the evidence to treat predictably and prevent gingivitis and periodontitis. More recently, periodontists have been among a small group of skilled dental-implant surgeons leading that revolution in dentistry. Today, much of the mild/localized moderate periodontitis is not treated by periodontists, and an increasing number of implants are placed by dentists with limited surgical training. The current field of periodontics includes a broad range of surgical skills and technologies to regenerate predictably destroyed tissues and manage complex interdisciplinary treatment that may, in some way, involve the tissues that support teeth and implants. In addition, periodontal researchers have shown that moderate-to-severe periodontitis increases the systemic inflammatory burden and transient bacteremias that result in a significant independent role for periodontitis in multiple systemic diseases. Although many periodontists have very advanced practices that incorporate certain aspects of the current and near-future dimensions of periodontics, the innovations and technologies have not yet fully integrated throughout the specialty. It is an appropriate time to ask the question: Quo vadis? Which paths have the potential to deliver great value to our patients and to the health-care system? And who will be our patients in the near future? We propose some key capabilities, knowledge and clinical applications. Perhaps most importantly, we propose new partnerships. Much of the vision centers around the application of special diagnostic technologies and surgical skills to help our dental colleagues better manage complex dental and periodontal cases and to deliver on the promise of reducing systemic inflammation sufficiently to enhance medical management of certain chronic diseases and reduce preterm births. The specialty has always been about retaining teeth in good health and in recent years has focused on

  2. [Full-scale simulation in German medical schools and anesthesia residency programs : Status quo]. (United States)

    Baschnegger, H; Meyer, O; Zech, A; Urban, B; Rall, M; Breuer, G; Prückner, S


    Simulation has been increasingly used in medicine. In 2003 German university departments of anesthesiology were provided with a full-scale patient simulator, designated for use with medical students. Meanwhile simulation courses are also offered to physicians and nurses. Currently, the national model curriculum for residency programs in anesthesiology is being revised, possibly to include mandatory simulation training. To assess the status quo of full-scale simulation training for medical school, residency and continuing medical education in German anesthesiology. All 38 German university chairs for anesthesiology as well as five arbitrarily chosen non-university facilities were invited to complete an online questionnaire regarding their centers' infrastructure and courses held between 2010 and 2012. The overall return rate was 86 %. In university simulation centers seven non-student staff members, mainly physicians, were involved, adding up to a full-time equivalent of 1.2. All hours of work were paid by 61 % of the centers. The median center size was 100 m2 (range 20-500 m2), equipped with three patient simulators (1-32). Simulators of high or very high fidelity are available at 80 % of the centers. Scripted scenarios were used by 91 %, video debriefing by 69 %. Of the participating university centers, 97 % offered courses for medical students, 81 % for the department's employees, 43 % for other departments of their hospital, and 61 % for external participants. In 2012 the median center reached 46 % of eligible students (0-100), 39 % of the department's physicians (8-96) and 16 % of its nurses (0-56) once. For physicians and nurses from these departments that equals one simulation-based training every 2.6 and 6 years, respectively. 31 % made simulation training mandatory for their residents, 29 % for their nurses and 24 % for their attending physicians. The overall rates of staff ever exposed to simulation were 45 % of

  3. Status quo, issues, and challenges for acupuncture research evidence: an overview of clinical and fundamental studies. (United States)

    Cai, Yujia; Shen, Jiantong; Zhong, Dake; Li, Youping; Wu, Taixiang


    To systematically review the status quo, issues, and challenges from home and abroad for acupuncture research evidence, in order to identify global acupuncture research datum lines and policy-making evidence for future research direction. To carry out computed searching through the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CNKI, SCI, WHO-ICTRP, and Chinese Clinical Trials Registry (ChiCTR) (up to January, 2010) for acupuncture-related secondary studies (systematic reviews and meta-analysis), animal randomized controlled trials (RCTs), published human RCTs (fundamental research with the human body or human body specimens as subjects), and registered on-going clinical trials (regardless of subject recruiting), and to analyze yearly publishing trends and research hotspots on subject headings for secondary studies and published and registered RCTs. (1) 63.7% of acupuncture clinical RCTs were published in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), while RCTs published in MEDLINE, SCI, and CNKI each accounted for a third of all acupuncture fundamental RCTs. Publishing trends of acupuncture clinical RCTs indicated three periods - a period of slow growth before 1998, a period of gradual growth between 1999 and 2005, and a period of rapid growth after 2005. While few fundamental acupuncture RCTs were published before 2004, the period after 2005 demonstrated an increasing trend, but did not exhibit the same rapid growth as with clinical RCTs. Publication of Cochrane systematic reviews (CSRs) exhibited a time-dependent effect with acupuncture clinical RCTs, a trend that became more pronounced as time passed, while time intervals between CSR and acupuncture clinical RCT publications decreased. (2) Nine SRs were published in China, accounting for 30% of the global total of 29, while China's 68 RCTs accounted for 21% of global RCTs. Among five CSRs affirming the effects of acupuncture, only one contained four RCTs from China, which accounted for 10% of all RCTs included in

  4. Regional Reproducibility of BOLD Calibration Parameter M, OEF and Resting-State CMRO2 Measurements with QUO2 MRI.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Lajoie

    Full Text Available The current generation of calibrated MRI methods goes beyond simple localization of task-related responses to allow the mapping of resting-state cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 in micromolar units and estimation of oxygen extraction fraction (OEF. Prior to the adoption of such techniques in neuroscience research applications, knowledge about the precision and accuracy of absolute estimates of CMRO2 and OEF is crucial and remains unexplored to this day. In this study, we addressed the question of methodological precision by assessing the regional inter-subject variance and intra-subject reproducibility of the BOLD calibration parameter M, OEF, O2 delivery and absolute CMRO2 estimates derived from a state-of-the-art calibrated BOLD technique, the QUantitative O2 (QUO2 approach. We acquired simultaneous measurements of CBF and R2* at rest and during periods of hypercapnia (HC and hyperoxia (HO on two separate scan sessions within 24 hours using a clinical 3 T MRI scanner. Maps of M, OEF, oxygen delivery and CMRO2, were estimated from the measured end-tidal O2, CBF0, CBFHC/HO and R2*HC/HO. Variability was assessed by computing the between-subject coefficients of variation (bwCV and within-subject CV (wsCV in seven ROIs. All tests GM-averaged values of CBF0, M, OEF, O2 delivery and CMRO2 were: 49.5 ± 6.4 mL/100 g/min, 4.69 ± 0.91%, 0.37 ± 0.06, 377 ± 51 μmol/100 g/min and 143 ± 34 μmol/100 g/min respectively. The variability of parameter estimates was found to be the lowest when averaged throughout all GM, with general trends toward higher CVs when averaged over smaller regions. Among the MRI measurements, the most reproducible across scans was R2*0 (wsCVGM = 0.33% along with CBF0 (wsCVGM = 3.88% and R2*HC (wsCVGM = 6.7%. CBFHC and R2*HO were found to have a higher intra-subject variability (wsCVGM = 22.4% and wsCVGM = 16% respectively, which is likely due to propagation of random measurement errors, especially for CBFHC due to the

  5. Efeito do debilitamento do músculo oblíquo superior hiperfuncionante associado à anteriorização do músculo oblíquo inferior na divergência vertical dissociada The effect of overacting superior oblique muscle tenectomy associated with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Teixeira Krieger


    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analisar o efeito do debilitamento do oblíquo superior associado à transposição anterior do oblíquo inferior em casos de pacientes com DVD (divergência vertical dissociada e hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior (HOS. Métodos: Em 14 pacientes foram analisadas a correção média da divergência vertical dissociada da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior e da anisotropia em A. A cirurgia de tenectomia do oblíquo superior e a transposição anterior do músculo oblíquo inferior foram realizadas nos 28 olhos. Resultados: A redução da divergência vertical dissociada foi de 65,5% no olho direito (OD e de 61,3% no olho esquerdo (OE. A correção da hiperfunção do músculo oblíquo superior foi de 81,8% no olho direito e de 85,0% no olho esquerdo. Houve redução de 92,2% da anisotropia em A. Estas correções foram estatisticamente significantes (pPurpose: To analyze the effect of weakening of the superior oblique muscle (HOS with anterior transposition of the inferior oblique muscle in patients with dissociated vertical deviation (DVD associated with overaction of superior oblique muscle. Methods: In 14 patients we analyzed the correction of dissociated vertical deviation, the reduction of the superior oblique overaction, and the reduction of the A pattern. Twenty-eight eyes were submitted to anterior transposition of the inferior oblique, and tenectomy of the superior oblique muscle. Results: The correction of dissociated vertical deviation was 65.5% in right eye (RE and 61.3% in left eye (LE. The reduction in the superior oblique overaction was 81.8% in and right eye 85.0% in left eye. The A pattern was reduced in 92.2%. All these values were statistically significant (p<0.01. Conclusions: The proposed surgery is effective in the correction of dissociated vertical deviation and overacting superior oblique muscle.

  6. Determining the status quo of infection prevention and control standards in the hospitals of iran: a case study in 23 hospitals. (United States)

    Shojaee, Jalil; Moosazadeh, Mahmood


    Applying Prevention and Control of Infection (PCI) standards in hospitals reduces probable risks to patients, staff and visitors; it also increases efficiency, and ultimately improves productivity of hospitals. The current study aimed to determine the status quo of international standards of PCI in hospitals located in the north of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 23 hospitals. Data collection tool was a questionnaire with confirmed validity and reliability. . In this regard, 260 managers, section supervisors and infection control nurses participated in the study according to census basis. SPSS software version 16 was employed to analyze the data through descriptive and analytical statistics. Among the studied hospitals, 18 hospitals were public. Hospitals enjoyed 77.2% of leadership and programming, 80.8% of focus of programs, 67.4% of isolating methods, 88.2% of hand health and protection techniques, 78.8% of improving patient's safety and quality, 90.3% of training personnel, and 78.7% of the average status quo of PCI standards. This study revealed that PCI standards were significantly observed in the studied hospitals and that there were necessary conditions for full deployment of nosocomial infection surveillance.

  7. [Quo vadis hematology? (United States)

    Matula, Zsolt; Kudlik, Gyöngyi; Urbán S, Veronika; Uher, Ferenc


    For decades, developing hematopoietic cells have been strictly compartmentalized into a small population of multipotent self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells, multipotent hematopoietic progenitor cells that are undergoing commitment to myeloid or lymphoid fates, and unipotent precursor cells that mature towards peripheral blood and immune cells. Recent studies, however, have provided a battery of findings that cannot be explained by this "classical" hierarchical model for the architecture of hematopoiesis. It is emerging that heterogeneous hematopoietic stem cell populations in the bone marrow coexist, each with distinct, preprogrammed differentiation and proliferation behaviors. Three subsets can be distinguished among them: myeloid-biased (α), balanced (β), and lymphoid-biased (γ/δ) hematopoietic stem cells. The ratio of these hematopoietic stem cell subsets is developmentally regulated in the foetal liver and hematopoietic stem cells adult bone marrow, and coordinately gives rise to hematopoiesis. Beta- and γ/δ-hematopoietic stem cells are found predominantly early in the life of an organism, whereas α-hematopoietic stem cells accumulate in aged mice and humans. In addition, new sophisticated genetic experiments in mice have identified a major role of long-lived, committed progenitor cells downstream from hematopoietic stem cells as drivers of normal adult hematopoiesis, and revealed that post-transplantation hematopoiesis differs qualitatively and quantitatively from normal steady-state hematopoiesis. These findings have important implications for understanding in situ the regulation of haematopoiesis in health and disease. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(46), 1819-1829.

  8. Quo Vadis, opvoeder?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Shutte


    Full Text Available Waar die Indiese Minister van Onderwys,K. L. Shrimali, die jongstekongres van die „New Education Fellowship” in Delhi toegespreek het, het hy etlike punte van kritiek kwytgeraak wat, afkomstig uit daardie bron, nogal belangrik is. Hy wys o.a. daarop dat as slegs die belangstellings van kinders as basis vir hulle onderwys moet dien, dan kan die „progressiewe onderwys” slegs met sekerheid staat maak op twee produkte, ,.complaints and cripples”. aarom is die skool daar om waardevolle en sluimerende belangstellings te prikkel.

  9. Polymer Electronics, Quo Vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiechi, Ryan C.; Hummelen, Jan C.


    At the heart of polymer electronics lies more than three decades of research into conjugated polymers. The future of these materials is intimately tied to the development of organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices that can compete with traditional, inorganic devices in efficiency and cost. In addition to

  10. Transport research: Quo Vadis?

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rust, FC


    Full Text Available It is well-recognised internationally that transport and transport infrastructure play a major role both in the stimulation of economic growth, creation of job opportunities and in poverty alleviation. This is of particular importance in South...

  11. Quo Vadis, Medical Genetics? (United States)

    Czeizel, Andrew E.

    The beginning of human genetics and its medical part: medical genetics was promising in the early decades of this century. Many genetic diseases and defects with Mendelian origin were identified and it helped families with significant genetic burden to limit their child number. Unfortunately this good start was shadowed by two tragic events. On the one hand, in the 1930s and early 1940s the German fascism brought about the dominance of an unscientific eugenics to mask vile political crimes. People with genetic diseases-defects were forced to sterilisation and several of them were killed. On the other hand, in the 1950s lysenkoism inhibitied the evolution of genetics in the Soviet Union and their satelite countries. Lysenko's doctrine declared genetics as a product of imperialism and a guilty science, therefore leading geneticists were ousted form their posts and some of them were executed or put in prison. Past decades genetics has resulted fantastic new results and achieved a leading position within the natural sciences. To my mind, however, the expected wider use of new eugenics indicates a new tragedy and this Cassandra's prediction is the topic of this presentation.

  12. Quo Vadis Supervisi Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Saifulloh


    Full Text Available Supervisi sebagai salah satu pilar penting dalam sistem pendidikanmengalami perkembangan seiring dengan perkembangan zaman. Sehinggamuncullah beberapa model dengan karakternya masing-masing. Hal iniharus diperhatikan oleh supervisor, selain tentunya mereka harusmemahami konsep supervisi itu sendiri. Sebagai bagian dari sistempendidikan, supervisi juga mengikuti perubahan kondisi sosial masyarakat.Keterkaitan supervisi dengan lingkungan sosial masyarakat, bahkan jugadengan kondisi politik yang sedang berkembang, memunculkan model dancorak supervisi dengan karakteristiknya masing-masing. Denganmencermati perkembangan karakteristik supervisi pendidikan dan melihatkondisi kekinian dan kedisinian, supervisi yang diperkenalkan Glickmandkk. kelihatannya akan terus menjadi trend di Indonesia. Hal ini seiringdengan perkembangan teknologi informasi yang meniscayakan kemandiri-an para guru dan murid dalam proses pembelajaran.

  13. Pacific Studies: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Holden Rønning


    Full Text Available Looking back to the past this paper discusses why Pacific studies and in particular Australasian studies became an area of interest in tertiary education in Europe. What subject areas initiated these studies, and how do past legacies shape the present? With cutbacks in higher education over the past two decades the future of interdisciplinary studies and the humanities looks bleak. At the same time due to global business and increased political communication across borders there is a vibrant interest in and need for such studies among businesses and students. For most Europeans the literature of settler countries, with their European legacy, makes access to ways of thought and culture easier than studies of countries with other mythological backgrounds. In today’s multicultural environment such studies can provide knowledge for an understanding of other cultures and increase tolerance of the ‘other’. Area studies have relevance to our situation in Europe with increased migrancy, not least as a result of Schengen and EU regulations.

  14. Quo vadis EPL? (United States)

    Dose, Volker; Huber, Martin


    With effect of January 1st, 2007 "Europhysics Letters" was renamed, the new branding being "EPL". Along with this formal change went a new vision and definition for the aims of EPL over a time horizon of five years. These goals are i) to increase the number of submissions from 1387 articles in 2006 to over 3000 articles, ii) to decrease the acceptance rate for manuscripts from 46% in 2006 to about 33% and, allowing for a two-year delay, iii) to raise the impact factor from 2.2 in 2006 to 3.5 by increasing visibility and prestige. These aims are ambitious. Accordingly, a strategy promising success was required. As a first measure, the spectrum of Europhysics Letters in terms of the categories defined by the "Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme" (PACS) was compared to other international broad-band letters journals. This showed that EPL has an appropriate fraction of publications in "Condensed Matter" sciences (PACS 60 and 70) and in "Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics" (PACS 40). EPL is strong in "General Physics" (PACS 00) and in "Interdisciplinary Research" (PACS 80). Rather than aiming at a reduction of the latter two topics it was decided to consider these strengths as an EPL fingerprint. The other five PACS categories, however, showed deficiencies, which we have decided to strengthen by appropriate promotion of the journal in the respective science communities. Our first promotion campaign focused on "Plasma Physics" (PACS 50). Advertising EPL in the plasma-physics community consisted of "An invitation to submit your work" disseminated by the Plasma Physics Division of EPS, the placement of EPL flyers in the delegate bags of the EPS Conference on Plasma Physics in Crete in 2008, additional visibility from prominent displays of EPL PowerPoint slides during the event, further promotion from the EPL Executive Editor present on the exhibit stand, and, last but not least, by the appointment of additional Co-Editors. The results of these efforts are an increase in published papers in plasma physics from 13 (26) in 2006 to 32 (60) in 2008. The numbers in parentheses refer to the number of submissions and the figures for 2008 are extrapolations from the status of November 15th. The 2008 figures thus show that EPL's deficiency in plasma physics is gradually being eliminated, although further growth in this rapidly developing area is desirable! A second positive development concerns "Geophysics" (PACS 90). With the appointment of Rudolf Treumann as the only responsible Co-Editor for this PACS category, we tried another concept of promotion. A letter from the Editor-in-Chief announcing this appointment was posted to the peer group of Treumann. Near the end of 2008 the article balance is the following: 7 (24) in 2006 and 16 (48) in 2008. Again, this is very satisfactory and, in fact, corresponds to the targeted increase. A deficiency still remains in "Particles and Fields" (PACS 10), "Nuclear Physics" (PACS 20), and "Atomic and Molecular Physics" (PACS 30). Analysis of the publication situation within high-energy particle (HEP) physics revealed immediately, that soliciting papers from this community had little chance of success, unless accompanied by an offer for open-access publishing. Faced with the alternative of either abandoning publications in high-energy particle physics or to move towards an open-access scheme, the EPL Association Board of Directors made a first positive decision for an open-access opportunity in May 2007. The matter was further clarified in November 2007: EPL now offers open-access publication for all PACS categories on the basis of an "author pays" model with effect from February 2008. In the meantime, the market in high-energy particle physics had moved ahead, and this has made it necessary to take a further step. With effect of November 1st, 2008, EPL now offers open-access publication free of charge for experimental as well as theoretical letters to the high-energy particle physics communities. This offer will remain available until SCOAP3 (the Sponsoring Consortium on Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) becomes operational, and covers the publication costs. We now believe to be well positioned in the market, and hope that this will be reflected in an increase in the number of submissions in PACS 10 and 20. Promotion of this new opportunity has been announced on CERN and other HEP facility sites and circulated to all participants at the recent "Physics at the LHC" conference in Croatia, at which EPL material and the Executive Editor were present. Advertising EPL within the atomic and molecular physics community also began in 2008 with EPL flyers being placed in delegate bags to both the ESCAMPIG and EGAS conferences, in addition to EPL presentations and exhibits of promotional material at the Users' meetings of several European synchrotrons. EPL sponsorship has also been given to the UK Synchrotron Users' event for the past two years. Overall the number of publications in EPL has increased from 638 (1387) in 2006 to 810 (1860) in 2008 with an acceptance rate of 44%, decreasing from earlier values. The increase of submissions and publications indicates initial success of our promotional efforts. The acceptance rate, on the other hand, is still far from the targeted value of 33% and certainly needs closer attention. A rather unique feature of EPL is that the Co-Editors are well-known active scientists. They are autonomous in the accept/reject decision for each manuscript and can ask for the number of referee reports they deem necessary. This also includes publication without review by an external referee; in this case the paper is published with the addition "accepted by - name of co-editor". This does in fact happen, though rarely for the time being. In view of the central role of the Co-Editors in the publication process, the Editor-in-Chief takes great care in selecting persons for replacement or expansion of the Editorial Board. Due to the continued growth of the journal, expansion of the Board is an urgent necessity. The most important criterion for membership in the Editorial Board is scientific excellence. Geographical coverage is used sometimes as a secondary criterion that has led to an appropriate fraction of appointments of Co-Editors working in the United States and in Canada. This is a further improvement over the previous composition and more closely reflects the geographical distribution of manuscript submissions. EPL also has an Advisory Board. Over the course of the past eighteen months the role and responsibilities of members of this Board have been redefined. Their duties now include: deputising for the Editor-in-Chief in cases of absence or conflict of interest, acting as adjudicator in appeal cases, selecting EPL papers for highlighting in EPN, checking comments and replies on their validity, and assisting the Editor-in-Chief with the selection of new Co-Editors. These tasks now ensure a very active role of the Advisory Board in the daily life of EPL. Moreover, the members of the Editorial and Advisory Boards have contributed to the promotion of EPL by publishing more of their own work in the journal, thus underlining the fact that EPL promotion is a multifacetted effort. Seeing some response to these measures suggests that we are on the right track. This is also met with great satisfaction by the EPL management team, which wholeheartedly collaborates in the effort to further raise the standing of EPL in the eyes of the general physics community.

  15. Metabolic surgery: quo vadis? (United States)

    Ramos-Leví, Ana M; Rubio Herrera, Miguel A


    The impact of bariatric surgery beyond its effect on weight loss has entailed a change in the way of regarding it. The term metabolic surgery has become more popular to designate those interventions that aim at resolving diseases that have been traditionally considered as of exclusive medical management, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Recommendations for metabolic surgery have been largely addressed and discussed in worldwide meetings, but no definitive consensus has been reached yet. Rates of diabetes remission after metabolic surgery have been one of the most debated hot topics, with heterogeneity being a current concern. This review aims to identify and clarify controversies regarding metabolic surgery, by focusing on a critical analysis of T2D remission rates achieved with different bariatric procedures, and using different criteria for its definition. Indications for metabolic surgery for patients with T2D who are not morbidly obese are also discussed. Copyright © 2013 SEEN. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  16. CSR communication: quo vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Golob, U.; Podnar, K.; Elving, W.J.; Ellerup Nielsen, A.; Thomsen, C.; Schultz, F.


    Purpose - This paper aims to introduce the special issue on CSR communication attached to the First International CSR Communication Conference held in Amsterdam in October 2011. The aim of the introduction is also to review CSR communication papers published in scholarly journals in order to make a

  17. Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unruh, W G [University of British Columbia (Canada)


    Quantum mechanics is one of the most successful theoretical structures in all of science. Developed between 1925-26 to explain the optical spectrum of atoms, the theory over the succeeding 80 years has been extended, first to quantum field theories, gauge field theories, and now even string theory. It is used every day by thousands of physicists to calculate physical phenomena to exquisite precision, with no ambiguity in the results. To claim that this is a theory which is not understood by those physicists is absurd. And yet, as eminent a physicist as Richard Feynman, who did as much as anyone else to extend quantum theory to field theories and was a master at producing those exquisite calculations, could say that anyone who claimed they understood quantum theory clearly did not understand quantum theory. One hundred years ago Einstein postulated one of the most unsettling features of the theory, the wave-particle duality, with his particulate explanation for light of the photoelectric effect, and an explanation which was in direct conflict with Maxwell's brilliant development of a wave, or field, theory of light. Einstein believed that the particulate nature would ultimately be explainable by some sort of non-linear theory of electromagnetism, and was outraged by the acceptance of the community of the probabilistic quantum theory. His programme was of course dealt a (near?) fatal blow by Bell's discovery that the three desiderata - a theory which agrees with experiment, a theory which is local in its effects, and a theory in which nature, at its heart, is not probabilistic - are incompatible. That discomfort felt by Einstein and by Feynman is felt by numerous other people as well. This discomfort is heightened by the fact that the theory of gravity, another of Einstein's great achievements, has resisted all efforts at reconciliation with quantum mechanics. This book explores that discomfort, and tries to pin down what the locus of that discomfort is. For many, the locus is in the probabilistic nature at the heart of the theory. Nature should surely, at some fundamental level, know what it is doing. The photon, despite our inability to measure it, should know where it is and how fast it is going. The papers by t'Hooft, Hiley, and Smolin fall into this camp. Some suspect that the macroscopic world of our immediate sense experiences, and the microscopic world of quantum phenomena, are genuinely different, that the fundamental conceptual nature of physics changes from one to the other, with some unknown boundary between them. Penrose, in his preface alludes to his speculations on this, as does Leggett to his own speculations in his paper. And a number of articles (e.g., by Hartle, Rovelli, and others) opine that if only everyone looked at quantum mechanics in the right way (their way), it would lose its mystery, and be as natural as Newton's world view. (I myself tend to this position, which is however somewhat tempered by the realization that the clarity and naturalness of my viewpoint is not shared by the others who believe equally firmly in their own natural, clear, but radically different, viewpoint). A number of articles simply examine the counterintuitive nature of quantum theory in general, using it to make sense of time travel (Greenberger and Svozil) and demonstrating the unusual features of induction about the past from present observations within quantum theory (Aharonov and Dolev). The book is not free from rather overblown titles (e.g., 'Liberation and Purification from Classical Prejudice', or 'A Quantum Theory of the Human Person') but those articles nevertheless contain at least amusing speculations. In quantum gravity, the incompatibilities between the two masterstrokes of the twentieth century are highlighted. There is a strong suspicion amongst many in this field that progress in understanding quantum gravity demands a deeper understanding of the great mystery of quantum theory which this book explores. This book is a useful and, at times, fascinating introduction to the flounderings which are takin g place in trying to understand not only the solution but even what the problem is. Finally, however, the question of the title of this book remains unanswered. (book review)

  18. Quo Vadis Palestine?


    Beck, Martin


    Having received fairly little attention during the height of the Arab Spring, the Palestinian issue has once again become a focal point of Middle Eastern politics due to recent events in Palestine - namely, the failure of another round of US-promoted bilateral negotiations in May 2014, the Gaza War in summer 2014, several terrorist attacks, and Palestine's membership in the International Criminal Court, which commenced on 1 April 2015. Current events related to the Palestinian issue appear to...

  19. Binaural Interference: Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Jerger, James; Silman, Shlomo; Silverman, Carol; Emmer, Michele


    The reality of the phenomenon of binaural interference with speech recognition has been debated for two decades. Research has taken one of two avenues; group studies or case reports. In group studies, a sample of the elderly population is tested on speech recognition under three conditions; binaural, monaural right and monaural left. The aim is to determine the percent of the sample in which the expected outcome (binaural score-better-than-either-monaural score) is reversed (i.e., one of the monaural scores is better than the binaural score). This outcome has been commonly used to define binaural interference. The object of group studies is to answer the "how many" question, what is the prevalence of binaural interference in the sample. In case reports the binaural interference conclusion suggested by the speech recognition tests is not accepted until it has been corroborated by other independent diagnostic audiological measures. The aim is to attempt to determine the basis for the findings, to answer the "why" question. This article is at once tutorial, editorial and a case report. We argue that it is time to accept the reality of the phenomenon of binaural interference, to eschew group statistical approaches in search of an answer to the "how many" question, and to focus on individual case reports in search of an answer to the "why" question. American Academy of Audiology.

  20. Mobille Business, Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Hudec


    Full Text Available This paper deals with present state of mobile segment of e-commerce and its future trends. In present days, each company, which would like to be successful on the global market, must implement ICT (Information and Communication Technology to its internal relations, business processes and transactions. The aim of the e-commerce is to forward market development by using ICT, because it radically changes the way of organizations/companies function in all its relations. Mcommerce is a part of e-commerce realized by mobile ICT. Its great advantage is in high penetration of mobile phones and other mobile access devices. Technologies, services and security of actual m-business and expected trends of this segment in near future are analyzed step by step in this paper.

  1. BEPS: quo vadis Nederland?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cornelisse, R.P.C.


    Schrijver blikt vooruit op de ontwikkelingen die dit jaar in de fiscale wereld gaan plaatsvinden. Hij stelt de vraag aan de orde of Nederland de ontwikkelingen op dit terrein moet afwachten of dat het verstandiger is juist niet af te wachten maar pro-actief haar fiscale stelsel op korte termijn

  2. Media Challenging Status Quo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    ). Skeptical internet sociologists such as Morozov (2011) point out that the same media which was used e.g. to mobilize the ‘Twitter revolution’ in Iran in 2009 also was used by the regime to infiltrate and strike down the democratic movement. Following such position statements, international media...... and communication research is currently engaging in a longer and deeper process of examining and assessing the cultural consequences of networked communication. One present challenge is to understand digital media and networked communication at the intersection of established and countercultural, utopian...

  3. Quo vadis, data privacy? (United States)

    Gehrke, Johannes


    Society can gain much value from Big Data. We can study census data to learn where to allocate public resources, medical records from hospitals to fight diseases, or data about students and teachers to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to learning and teaching. In all of these scenarios, we need to limit statistical disclosure: we want to release accurate statistics about the data while preserving the privacy of the individuals who contributed it. This paper gives an overview of recent advances and open challenges in the field, focusing on methods that probably limit how much an adversary can learn from a data release. © 2012 New York Academy of Sciences.

  4. Media Education, quo vadis?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Petra Missomelius


    ... up. Hence the key questions are the goals of education, the required patterns of reflection and social configurations for generating knowledge, and the conditions of the digitally informed media culture...

  5. North Korea, Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl H. Stingeder


    Full Text Available North Korean politics appears neither irrational nor unpredictable: the logic of its actions may at first seem opaque, but it nonetheless displays its own rationale and patterns. – North Korea: a ruthless political actor, now under the leadership of Kim Jong-Un who inherited the regime’s leadership from his father and "Supreme Leader", Kim Jong-Il, in 2011. The country’s policy is based on its ongoing political agenda of (nuclear brinkmanship, a true threat to the world – or at least that's how the Western hemisphere sees it. Yet our factual knowledge of this post-Leninist and totalitarian regime is extremely limited and relatively distorted; it is largely circumstantial evidence and judgmental speculation that accounts for our perception of this East Asian state. Northeast Asia (China, Japan, South and North Korea, Taiwan is a region dominated by the legacy of the Cold War. The North Korean leadership has indeed established its priorities, primarily its isolationist orientation, but in the long term the regime cannot survive without external stimulus. Most importantly, even in a long-term, non-violent and gradual transformation of North Korea considerable danger can ultimately result in the demise of the regime. Apart from few signs of a North Korean "civil society", currently only the army might have the resources to see through a regime change. In the meantime, the strategies of isolationism as well as tight control of the media remain as fundamental cornerstones of the regime. A close-knit network of social control has been established and access to the internet for the most part is limited to the regime’s entrusted cadre.

  6. Modern Enology: Quo vadis?


    Fedor Malík


    Enology, the science of wine, enters the atmosphere of technological explosion of the third millennium. In order to achieve higher quality products enology is expected to implant to the utmost the latest scientific knowledge into wine technology. Enology will satisfy these demands, but will the consumer be satisfied too? It will not be possible to produce modern and attractive wines without ´considerate´ methods of pressing, intact prefermentation must processing and realisation of regulat...

  7. Quo vadis, analytical chemistry? (United States)

    Valcárcel, Miguel


    This paper presents an open, personal, fresh approach to the future of Analytical Chemistry in the context of the deep changes Science and Technology are anticipated to experience. Its main aim is to challenge young analytical chemists because the future of our scientific discipline is in their hands. A description of not completely accurate overall conceptions of our discipline, both past and present, to be avoided is followed by a flexible, integral definition of Analytical Chemistry and its cornerstones (viz., aims and objectives, quality trade-offs, the third basic analytical reference, the information hierarchy, social responsibility, independent research, transfer of knowledge and technology, interfaces to other scientific-technical disciplines, and well-oriented education). Obsolete paradigms, and more accurate general and specific that can be expected to provide the framework for our discipline in the coming years are described. Finally, the three possible responses of analytical chemists to the proposed changes in our discipline are discussed.

  8. Atividade eletromiográfica do vasto medial oblíquo em portadoras da síndrome da dor patelofemoral


    Sâmia Najara Freitas Bessa; Elielton Pedroza dos Santos; Renata Augusta Gomes Silveira; Paulo Henrique Barros Maia; Jamilson Simões Brasileiro


    A síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF) é uma das afecções que mais acometem a articulação do joelho. Embora sua etiologia não seja completamente conhecida, uma disfunção do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO) tem sido apontada como possível fator desencadeante. Este estudo visou avaliar, por meio de eletromiografia, se algum exercício, dentre dez exercícios resistidos usuais, produz ativação seletiva do VMO, com vistas a sua utilização clínica. Vinte voluntárias do sexo feminino, sendo dez com...

  9. When Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Meets Organizational Psychology: New Frontiers in Micro-CSR Research, and Fulfilling a Quid Pro Quo through Multilevel Insights. (United States)

    Jones, David A; Willness, Chelsea R; Glavas, Ante


    Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-a company's discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance. In recent years, however, there has been an explosion of micro-oriented CSR research conducted at the individual level of analysis, especially with respect to studies on how and why job seekers and employees perceive and react to CSR practices. This micro-level focus is reflected in 12 articles published as a Research Topic collection in Frontiers in Psychology (Organizational Psychology Specialty Section) titled "CSR and organizational psychology: Quid pro quo." In the present article, the authors summarize and integrate findings from these Research Topic articles. After describing some of the "new frontiers" these articles explore and create, the authors strive to fulfill a "quid pro quo" with some of the meso- and macro-oriented CSR literatures that paved the way for micro-CSR research. Specifically, the authors draw on insights from the Research Topic articles to inform a multilevel model that offers multiple illustrations of how micro-level processes among individual stakeholders can explain variability in meso (firm)-level relationships between CSR practices and corporate performance. The authors also explore an important implication of these multilevel processes for macro-level societal impact.

  10. On Track to Become a Low Carbon Future City? First Findings of the Integrated Status Quo and Trends Assessment of the Pilot City of Wuxi in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Vallentin


    Full Text Available The Low Carbon Future Cities (LCFC project aims at facing a three dimensional challenge by developing an integrated city roadmap balancing: low carbon development, gains in resource efficiency and adaptation to climate change. The paper gives an overview of the first outcomes of the analysis of the status quo and assessment of the most likely developments regarding GHG emissions, climate impacts and resource use in Wuxi—the Chinese pilot city for the LCFC project. As a first step, a detailed emission inventory following the IPCC guidelines for Wuxi has been carried out. In a second step, the future development of energy demand and related CO2 emissions in 2050 were simulated in a current policy scenario (CPS. In parallel, selected aspects of material and water flows for the energy and the building sector were analyzed and modeled. In addition, recent and future climate impacts and vulnerability were investigated. Based on these findings, nine key sectors with high relevance to the three dimensions could be identified. Although Wuxi’s government has started a path to implement a low carbon plan, the first results show that, for the shift towards a sustainable low carbon development, more ambitious steps need to be taken in order to overcome the challenges faced.

  11. Características anatômicas e morfométricas do ligamento oblíquo do cotovelo de eqüinos Anatomical and morphometrical characteristics of the oblique ligament of the equine elbow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Hernández-Tovar


    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, algumas características anatômicas e morfométricas do ligamento oblíquo do cotovelo do eqüino foram descritas em dez animais adultos, sem raça definida, que não apresentavam afecções dos órgãos locomotores. O ligamento oblíquo origina-se dorsal à fossa radial do úmero, atravessa obliquamente a superfície cranial do cotovelo e se divide em uma porção longa, que se insere na tuberosidade radial, e em outra curta, que se une à porção longa do ligamento colateral medial. Foram efetuadas medidas visando a obter o comprimento e a largura máximas entre a origem e a inserção do ligamento oblíquo, não sendo observadas diferenças (P>0,05 nas comparações feitas entre os sexos e os antímeros. O ligamento oblíquo contribui no efeito mola e na manutenção da estabilidade da articulação do cotovelo do eqüino. Pela particularidade de sua localização, cranial à articulação, o ligamento oblíquo possui ação frenadora, impedindo a extensão completa da referida articulação.Some anatomical and morphometrical characteristics of the equine elbow oblique ligament were described in ten adult mongrel animals that did not present locomotor diseases. The oblique ligament arises dorsal to the radial fossa of the humerus, it crosses obliquely the elbow cranial surface and it becames separated in a long portion that attaches to the radial tuberosity and a short portion that joins to the long portion of medial collateral ligament. Measurements of the lenght and width were taken between origin and insertion of the oblique ligament, without differences (P>0.05 being observed when sexes and limbs were compared. The oblique ligament acts in the spring effect and in the stability maintenance of the equine elbow joint. By the particularity of its location cranial to the joint, the oblique ligament has a restrain action, hinding complete extension of the equine elbow.

  12. Water resources in Central Asia - status quo and future conflicts in transboundary river catchments - the example of the Zarafshan River (Tajikistan-Uzbekistan) (United States)

    Groll, Michael; Opp, Christian; Kulmatov, Rashid; Normatov, Inom; Stulina, Galina; Shermatov, Nurmakhmad


    Water is the most valuable resource in Central Asia and due to its uneven distribution and usage among the countries of the region it is also the main source of tension between upstream and downstream water users. Due to the rapidly shrinking glaciers in the Pamir, Tien-Shan and Alai mountains, the available water resources will, by 2030, be 30% lower than today while the water demand of the growing economies will increase by 30%. This will further aggravate the pressure on the water resources and increase the water deficit caused by an unsustainable water use and political agendas. These challenges can only be overcome by an integrated water resource management for the important transboundary river catchments. The basis for such an IWRM approach however needs to be a solid data base about the status quo of the water resources. To that end the research presented here provides a detailed overview of the transboundary Zarafshan River (Tajikistan-Uzbekistan), the lifeline for more than 6 mln people. The Zarafshan River is well suited for this as it is not only one of the most important rivers in Central Asia but because the public availability of hydrological and ecological data is very limited, Furthermore the catchment is characterized by the same imbalances in the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus as most river systems in that region, which makes the Zarafshan a perfect model river for Central Asia as a whole. The findings presented here are based on field measurements, existing data from the national hydrometeorological services and an extensive literature analysis and cover the status quo of the meteorological and hydrological characteristics of the Zarafshan as well as the most important water quality parameters (pH, conductivity, nitrate, phosphate, arsenic, chromate, copper, zinc, fluoride, petroleum products, phenols and the aquatic invertebrate fauna). The hydrology of the Zarafshan is characterized by a high natural discharge dynamic in the mountainous upper parts of

  13. When Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Meets Organizational Psychology: New Frontiers in Micro-CSR Research, and Fulfilling a Quid Pro Quo through Multilevel Insights (United States)

    Jones, David A.; Willness, Chelsea R.; Glavas, Ante


    Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)—a company’s discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance. In recent years, however, there has been an explosion of micro-oriented CSR research conducted at the individual level of analysis, especially with respect to studies on how and why job seekers and employees perceive and react to CSR practices. This micro-level focus is reflected in 12 articles published as a Research Topic collection in Frontiers in Psychology (Organizational Psychology Specialty Section) titled “CSR and organizational psychology: Quid pro quo.” In the present article, the authors summarize and integrate findings from these Research Topic articles. After describing some of the “new frontiers” these articles explore and create, the authors strive to fulfill a “quid pro quo” with some of the meso- and macro-oriented CSR literatures that paved the way for micro-CSR research. Specifically, the authors draw on insights from the Research Topic articles to inform a multilevel model that offers multiple illustrations of how micro-level processes among individual stakeholders can explain variability in meso (firm)-level relationships between CSR practices and corporate performance. The authors also explore an important implication of these multilevel processes for macro-level societal impact. PMID:28439247

  14. Eficiency factory - Quo Vadis? Brief study; Effizienzfabrik - Quo Vadis? Kurzstudie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattes, Katharina; Kleine, Oliver; Hirzel, Simon; Rhode, Clemens


    The demand for an enhanced resource efficiency and energy efficiency in production arises not only from a purely economic perspective, but also from environmental and social reasons. Nevertheless, the issue of resource efficiency did not gain the necessary attention at the corporate level. In 2009, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) launched a program to develop resource-efficient production technologies in which 31 integrated research projects with the efficiency factory and a dedicated accompanying project are promoted immediately in order to improve the transfer of the results. The contribution under consideration reports on the performance of the efficiency factory as a transfer platform in the context of the funding priority and the research results achieved up to now.

  15. Quo vadis radionuclid ventriclography (RNV)?; Quo vadis Radionuklidventrikulographie (RNV)?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoer, G.; Hertel, A.; Diehl, M. [Frankfurt Univ. (Germany). Zentrum der Radiologie


    Unjustifiably radionuclide ventriculography (RNV) lost some of its importance with the advance of stress-echocardiography. This editorial aims at reviewing the advantages and disadvantages of both procedures, pointing to the ability of standardized and reproducible quantified global and regional (sectorial) multiparametric analysis, as compared to the qualitative evaluation of global left ventricular function and regional wall motion abnormalities, utilizing stress-echo. Based on a questionnaire sent to German centers the sequence of clinical application of RNV runs like this: Cardiomyopathy, cardiotoxicity-testing, coronary artery disease (CAD) - prognosis, remodeling, risk stratification - PTCA - success and failure - valve disease (chronic aortic insufficiency), cardiac transplantation (observation of progressive vasulopathies) and pharmaceutical testing. Differences in comparison to the guidelines of task force groups in USA are opposed where a consensus conference is still missing in Germany. Final outlook is given on combining PET-derived ejection fraction together with ECG-gated PET (GAPET) for quantification of function, regional perfusion (ischemia) and viable myocardium (hibernating myocardium). Control of successful revascularization by modern angioplasty techniques such as stent implantation, laser angioplasty today is primarily subject to echocardiography, where it is to be considered that the sensitivity of stress-echo is equivalent to nuclear medicine procedures in multivessel disease but inferior to nuclear medicine in single vessel disease and small vessel disease (with normal coronary angiography). (orig.) [Deutsch] Zu Unrecht hat die Radionuklidventrikulographie mit dem Fortschritt der Stressechokardiographie einen Teil ihrer Bedeutung verloren. Dieses Editorial hat zum Ziel, die Vor- und Nachteile beider Methoden zu betrachten und die Moeglichkeit der standardisierten und reproduzierbaren quantifizierten globalen und regionalen (sektoralen) Multiparameteranalyse aufzuzeigen, im Vergleich zur qualitativen Beurteilung der globalen linksventrikulaeren Funktion und Wandbewegungsstoerungen mittels Stressecho. Basierend auf einer Fragebogenaktion deutscher Zentren, lautet die Reihenfolge des Einsatzes der RNV wie folgt: Kardiomyopathie, Kardiotoxizitaetspruefung, koronare Herzerkrankung (KHK) - Prognose, Remodeling, Risikostratifikation - PTCA - Erfolg und Versagen - Klappenfehler (chronische Aortenklappeninsuffizienz), Herztransplantation (Beobachtung progredienter Vaskulopathien) und die Pruefung neuer herzwirksamer Arzneimittel. Die Unterschiede im Vergleich zu den Guidelines der Arbeitsgruppen in den USA werden herausgestellt, wobei eine Konsensuskonferenz in Deutschland noch fehlt. Einen Ausblick bietet die Kombination der PET-bestimmten Ejektionsfraktion zusammen mit EKG-getriggerter PET (GAPET) zur Quantifizierung der Funktion, regionalen Perfusion (Ischaemie) und vitalem Myokard (hibernating myocardium). Kontrolle der erfolgreichen Revaskularisation mit modernen Angioplastietechniken wie Stentimplantation und Laserangioplastie erfolgt heute vorwiegend mittels Echokardiographie, wobei beruecksichtigt werden sollte, dass die Sensitivitaet der Stressechokardiographie bei Mehrgefaesserkrankungen aequivalent zu nuklearmedizinischen Methoden ist, bei Eingefaesserkrankungen oder Mikroangiopathie (small vessel disease) - mit normaler Koronarangiographie - jedoch der Nuklearmedizin unterlegen ist. (orig.)


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina BOŢA-AVRAM


    Full Text Available The importance of internal audit education is more than obviously, being in the same time, emphasized by thesettlements of Code of Ethics issued by The Institute of Internal Auditors (I IA. The Code of Ethics states the principlesand expectations governing behavior of individuals and organizations in the conduct of internal auditing, describingthe minimum requirements for conducting internal audit activities, and one of these requireme nts being the professionalcompetence. According to this requirement internal auditors apply the knowledge, skills, and experience needed in theperformance of internal audit services. In the same time, it is absolutely necessary that internal auditors mus t have apermanent preoccupation for the increasing quality of their internal audit education and so the performance of internalaudit services offered. Starting from these premises, our research objectives were focused on the analyzing the contextof the evolution of internal audit education from international to national perspectives. Using the method of literaturereview we made an analysis of internal audit education in the international context, followed by a critical analysis ofthe internal audit education in the Romanian context. Our results show there are some problematic areas that arelooking for quickly solutions in order to assure a good quality of internal audit education, and so a good quality ofinternal audit services, in that way being accomplished the necessary context so internal audit to be able to add valueto the organization.

  17. The vestibular implant: Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond eVan De Berg


    Full Text Available AbstractObjective: to assess the progress of the development of the vestibular implant and its feasibility short-term. Data sources: a search was performed in Pubmed, Medline and Embase. Key words used were vestibular prosth* and vestibular implant. The only search limit was language: English or Dutch. Additional sources were medical books, conference lectures and our personal experience with per-operative vestibular stimulation in patients selected for cochlear implantation.Study selection: all studies about the vestibular implant and related topics were included and evaluated by two reviewers. No study was excluded since every study investigated different aspects of the vestibular implant. Data extraction and synthesis: data was extracted by the first author from selected reports, supplemented by additional information, medical books conference lectures. Since each study had its own point of interest with its own outcomes, it was not possible to compare data of different studies. Conclusion: to use a basic vestibular implant in humans seems feasible in the very near future. Investigations show that electric stimulation of the canal nerves induces a nystagmus which corresponds to the plane of the canal which is innervated by the stimulated nerve branch. The brain is able to adapt to a higher baseline stimulation, while still reacting on a dynamic component. The best response will be achieved by a combination of the optimal stimulus (stimulus profile, stimulus location, precompensation, complemented by central vestibular adaptation. The degree of response will probably vary between individuals, depending on pathology and their ability to adapt.

  18. Benchmark simulation models, quo vadis? (United States)

    Jeppsson, U; Alex, J; Batstone, D J; Benedetti, L; Comas, J; Copp, J B; Corominas, L; Flores-Alsina, X; Gernaey, K V; Nopens, I; Pons, M-N; Rodríguez-Roda, I; Rosen, C; Steyer, J-P; Vanrolleghem, P A; Volcke, E I P; Vrecko, D


    As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is coming to an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to provide their insights, highlighting areas where knowledge may still be deficient and where new opportunities are emerging, and to propose potential avenues for future development and application of the general benchmarking framework and its associated tools. The paper focuses on the topics of temporal and spatial extension, process modifications within the WWTP, the realism of models, control strategy extensions and the potential for new evaluation tools within the existing benchmark system. We find that there are major opportunities for application within all of these areas, either from existing work already being done within the context of the benchmarking simulation models (BSMs) or applicable work in the wider literature. Of key importance is increasing capability, usability and transparency of the BSM package while avoiding unnecessary complexity.

  19. Benchmark simulation models, quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppsson, U.; Alex, J; Batstone, D. J.


    As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is coming to an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together...... to provide their insights, highlighting areas where knowledge may still be deficient and where new opportunities are emerging, and to propose potential avenues for future development and application of the general benchmarking framework and its associated tools. The paper focuses on the topics of temporal...... and spatial extension, process modifications within the WWTP, the realism of models, control strategy extensions and the potential for new evaluation tools within the existing benchmark system. We find that there are major opportunities for application within all of these areas, either from existing work...

  20. Singapore's Anatomical Future: Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Ang, Eng-Tat; Sugand, Kapil; Hartman, Mikael; Seow, Choon-Sheong; Bay, Boon-Huat; Abrahams, Peter


    The disciplines of anatomy and surgery are not dichotomous since one is dependent on the other. Traditionally, surgeons predominantly taught gross and clinical anatomy. In this review, we examine the context of how human anatomy is taught nowadays. In essence, we discovered that there are certain discernable trends consistently observable between…

  1. Quo Vadis Infotainment”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadi Ahmadi


    Full Text Available According to Marshall McLuhan, the world has become a global village where modern communication media opened up unlimited interactions among people all over the world. Among other things, mass communication channel has rapidly developed, allowing greater mass of information transmissions to be spread for all members of society in no time. Unfortunately, the rapid development of mass media was not followed by better quality in terms of media content. Infotainments were everywhere, offering latest report concerning celebrity news in detail, and raising serious questions concerning ethics, privacy, public policy, and news quality today.

  2. Electrification of Biotechnology: Status quo. (United States)

    Harnisch, Falk; Holtmann, Dirk


    Interfacing microbial, enzymatic, and electrochemical transformations has led to the new field of electrobiotechnology. Among the plethora of applications (including electric energy generation via pollutant removal), the synthesis of chemicals and energy carriers (e.g. H2) has sparked great interest. The linked transformation of chemical and electric energy may allow the joint utilization of renewable feedstock and sustainable electricity to gain commodities and fuels. The overall field is now referred to as bioelectrosynthesis and is a focus of this book. Starting with the rationale for using bioelectrosynthesis in a bioeconomy, this chapter provides a brief introduction to the field of electrobiotechnology. Subsequently, the chapter discusses the framework for bioelectrosynthesis, which is based on enzymes as well as microorganisms, and provides a definition of bioelectrosynthesis. The chapter concludes with a short overview on the history of the field. Graphical Abstract.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana González


    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una propuesta para el modelado conceptual de usuarios en ambientes ubicuos mediante agentes y ontologías. La integración de estos dos conceptos permite descubrir, procesar y mantener la información de los usuarios de sistemas pervasivos. La aproximación está compuesta por arquitectura conceptual, tipos de agentes que componen el sistema, estructura básica de cada agente y estrategia de comunicación. También se presenta una ontología para modelar usuarios y se mencionan dos escenarios de interacción de agentes: solicitud de conexión al sistema y envío de una consulta. Esta propuesta soluciona inconvenientes como la falta de estandarización en el modelado de usuarios de ambientes ubicuos y la ausencia de un componente inteligente que permita analizar dicha información para ofrecer configuraciones personalizadas dependiendo de datos como el perfil y las preferencias de los actores participantes.Este artigo apresenta uma proposta para a modelagem conceitual de usuários em ambientes ubíquos mediante agentes e ontologias. A integração destes dois conceitos permite descobrir, processar e manter a informação dos usuários de sistemas pervasivos. A aproximação está composta por arquitetura conceitual, tipos de agentes que compõem o sistema, estrutura básica de cada agente e estratégia de comunicação. Também se apresenta uma ontologia para modelar usuários e se mencionam dois cenários de interação de agentes: solicitação de conexão ao sistema e envio de uma consulta. Esta proposta soluciona inconvenientes como a falta de estandardização na modelagem de usuários de ambientes ubíquos e a ausência de um componente inteligente que permita analisar dita informação para oferecer configurações personalizadas dependendo de dados como o perfil e as preferências dos atores participantes.This paper presents a proposal for the conceptual modeling of user in ubiquitous environments through agents

  4. Atividade eletromiográfica do vasto medial oblíquo em portadoras da síndrome da dor patelofemoral Electromyographyc activity of the vastus medialis oblique muscle in female patients with patellofemoral syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sâmia Najara Freitas Bessa


    Full Text Available A síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF é uma das afecções que mais acometem a articulação do joelho. Embora sua etiologia não seja completamente conhecida, uma disfunção do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO tem sido apontada como possível fator desencadeante. Este estudo visou avaliar, por meio de eletromiografia, se algum exercício, dentre dez exercícios resistidos usuais, produz ativação seletiva do VMO, com vistas a sua utilização clínica. Vinte voluntárias do sexo feminino, sendo dez com SDPF (24,7±4,35 anos e dez saudáveis, controle (22,5±1,58 anos, foram submetidas à avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos VMO, vasto lateral longo e vasto lateral oblíquo (VLO durante a realização de 10 exercícios, incluindo cadeia cinética aberta e fechada, em diferentes angulações do joelho e posições do quadril. Os resultados mostram que nenhum dos exercícios se revelou seletivo para o VMO, tendo alguns mostrado ativação seletiva do VLO. No grupo com SDPF observou-se menor atividade eletromiográfica de todos os vastos em oito dos dez exercícios propostos, quando comparado ao controle; observou-se ainda, no grupo SDPF, menor relação VMO/VLO (0,63 do que no grupo controle (0,82, pThe patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS is among the most common knee pathologies. Although its etiology is not fully known, a dysfunction of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO muscle has been pointed out as a possible cause. This study aimed at assessing, by means of electromyography, whether one or more, among ten usual resisted exercises, might produce VMO selective activation, in view of its clinic application. Twenty female volunteers, ten with PFPS (aged 24.7±4.35 and ten healthy ones (aged 22.5±1.58 were submitted to electromyographic evaluation of VMO, vastus lateralis longus and vastus lateralis oblique (VLO muscles during ten exercises, including open and closed kinetic chain, at different degrees of knee flexion and of hip

  5. Role of the oblique ligament in the integrity of the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint Papel do ligamento oblíquo na integridade do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo de cães

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Oliveira


    Full Text Available It was studied the arrangement of the collagen fibrils of the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint and evaluated its diameter, when it was isolated or associated to the oblique ligament and loaded in tension until failure. Eighteen joints were divided in three groups. The first group had the medial collateral ligament collected and not loaded, the second group had the medial collateral ligament tested separately and the third group had both ligaments associately tested. Medial collateral ligament not submitted to strain presented a wavy and reticular pattern of the collagen fibers, which was not totally destroyed when it was loaded associated to the oblique ligament, and totally loses the reticular pattern when stretched separately. When the medial collateral ligament was loaded in tension separately, the mean collagen fibrils diameter increased in relation to the group not submitted to the tensile strain. Associated to the oblique ligament, the mean collagen fibrils diameter was the largest in the insertion area and the smallest in the mid-substance, in relation to the other groups. It was concluded that the oblique ligament could favor the integrity of the medial collateral ligament insertion area, facilitating its reconstruction after lesion with larger efficiency.Foram estudados o arranjo e o diâmetro médio das fibrilas colágenas do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo do cão, isolado ou associado ao ligamento oblíquo e tracionado até a ruptura. Dezoito articulações foram divididas em três grupos. O primeiro grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial coletado, mas não tracionado; o segundo grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial tracionado isoladamente; o terceiro grupo teve os ligamentos colateral medial e oblíquo tracionados associadamente. O ligamento colateral medial não submetido ao ensaio de tração apresentou um padrão ondulado das fibras colágenas, o qual não foi totalmente destru

  6. Ukrainian Hybrid War – Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rotărescu Carmen


    Full Text Available Although it is known for a long time, hybrid war taken place in Ukraine under the umbrella of Russian Federation surprised the whole world and produced the greatest worry for humankind’s fate since the World War II. The political and military analysts appreciate if the World War III does not come will at least follow a long time of a new cold war. Remembering the hybrid war is not declared, can be prolonged in time and the adversary is unknown, thus neither the aggressor state, it is hard to settle which are the countermeasures and how should be act when this clever adversary attacks you using hostile propaganda, to the limit of trick and war perfidy (the first is allowed as method of war, the latter is not, influences the political decision-makers by blackmail, military, economic and energetic deterrence or nuclear bombardments and undergoes subversive, clandestine actions and particularly it is hard to predict their consequences.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermelin Michel


    Full Text Available Se da una descripción somera de la evolución que ha tenido la prevención de los riesgos de origen natural en el Valle de Aburrá . Tanto la naturaleza litológica y estructural del valle como sus condiciones topográficas y climáticas lo hacen propenso a la ocurrencia de fenómenos naturales como sismos, movimientos de vertiente, avenidas torrenciales y, en menor grado, inundaciones. El aumento de la población que es actualmente de 3.5 millones de habitantes y la frecuente ocupación de lugares expuestos a amenazas han resultado en numerosos desastres. En este momento funcionan para la prevención y atención de desastres entidades como el SIMPAD y el DAPARD, con responsabilidades municipales y departamentales respectivamente. El grado de conocimiento del entorno físico del valle se considera insuficiente, así como las reglamentaciones que deberían tener como consecuencias de un uso de la tierra más acorde con las restricciones naturales. Se han realizado ya varias reuniones acerca de la gestión de riesgos naturales en la zona y los organizadores de la de 2007, que conmemora el vigésimo aniversario de la catástrofe de Villa Tina, pueden tomar la decisión de llevarlas a cabo cada dos años. Asimismo proponen la creación de un grupo técnicocientífico permanente dispuesto a estudiar los eventos ocurridos, a fomentar la difusión de la información pertinente y en general a propender por un mejor conocimiento del Valle de Aburrá.

  8. Alternative approaches to control--quo vadit? (United States)

    Jackson, Frank; Miller, Jim


    The increasing prevalence of anthelmintic resistance has provided a spur for research into 'alternative/novel' approaches to the control of helminthoses that are intended to reduce our reliance upon using chemoprophylaxis. The different approaches either target the parasite population in the host or on pasture, but the goal of all of them is to restrict host parasite contact to levels which minimise the impact of helminths on host welfare and/or performance. Infrapopulation regulation can be achieved through methods that enhance immunity such as optimised nutrition (immunonutrition), genetic selection and vaccination, or by an 'anthelmintic' route using bioactive forages, copper oxide wire particles, or use of targeted selective treatment strategies such as FAMACHA, which reduce the selection pressure for the development of resistance by maintaining a population in refugia. Suprapopulation control can be achieved through grazing management, or by using predacious fungi such as Duddingtonia flagrans. All of these approaches have been developed beyond the proof of concept stage and some are capable of being employed currently. However, some still require knowledge transfer, or commercialisation before they can be tested and widely applied in the field. All of the different approaches present unique challenges to the researchers engaged in developing them, and in comparison to simple prescriptive anthelmintic treatments, their use appears complex and requires some expertise on behalf of the advisor and/or end user. At present, most of our data are derived from trials using single approaches, but it is apparent that we need to move towards integrating some of these technologies which again represents a further challenge to the extension/advisory services. Progress in establishing different approaches requires not only the funding to support their scientific development but also to support the development of computer based models which can be used to highlight deficiencies in our understanding of the control mechanisms and to identify impediments to their introduction. It is inevitable that some of the approaches currently under investigation will fail to become widely applied for a variety of reasons that are not solely financial. These include issues concerned with practicability/applicability, affordability/appropriateness, availability/deliverability and above all, the failure to provide a consistent, reliable effect when used under commercial farming conditions.

  9. Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG): Quo vadis? (United States)

    Péanne, Romain; de Lonlay, Pascale; Foulquier, François; Kornak, Uwe; Lefeber, Dirk J; Morava, Eva; Pérez, Belén; Seta, Nathalie; Thiel, Christian; Van Schaftingen, Emile; Matthijs, Gert; Jaeken, Jaak


    The survey summarizes in its first part the current status of knowledge on the Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG) with regard to their phenotypic spectrum, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, and pathophysiology. It documents the clinical and basic research activities, and efforts to involve patients and their families. In the second part, it tries to look into the future of CDG. More specific biomarkers are needed for fast CDG diagnosis and treatment monitoring. Whole genome sequencing will play an increasingly important role in the molecular diagnosis of unsolved CDG. Epigenetic defects are expected to join the rapidly expanding genetic and allelic heterogeneity of the CDG family. Novel treatments are urgently needed particularly for PMM2-CDG, the most prevalent CDG. Patient services such as apps should be developed e.g. to document the natural history and monitor treatment. Networking (EURO-CDG, the European Reference Networks (MetabERN)) is an efficient tool to disseminate knowledge and boost collaboration at all levels. The final goal is of course to improve the quality of life of the patients and their families. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  10. Software-defined anything challenges status quo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simpson, Wayne; Borders, Tammie


    INL successfully developed a proof of concept for "Software Defined Anything" by emulating the laboratory's business applications that run on Virtual Machines. The work INL conducted demonstrates to industry on how this methodology can be used to improve security, automate and repeat processes, and improve consistency.

  11. Quo Vadis „Living Human Treasures”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Lupu


    Full Text Available „Living Human Treasures” (LHT is a program supported by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. According to the Regulation of the Ministry of Culture in Bucharest, the title „Living Human Treasures” is the life contingency, personal and in transmissible. The person „must, simultaneously fulfill bearing, preserving and creating qualities of intangible heritage, be able to transmit traditional cultural models and be recognized as so by other LHT and the scientific community”. In six years, between 2010 and 2015 in Romania were granted 45 titles: half to craftsmen (weavers, carpenters, iconographers, furriers, builders of musical instruments, pottery etc. and half to performers of folklore (folk interpreter, rhapsodists, dancers etc.. Most distinctions, eight and seven, were awarded in Cluj and Alba county, followed by Brașov, Suceava county, each with five distinctions. Discussions are held about the possibilities of granting life annuity, following the model of athletes and some artists and writers. It is clear however that the title holders and their performance can be assimilated to tourism assets, as attractions of itself, transforming communities they belong to genuine tourist destinations. Furthermore, it would avoid the exhausting movements of artisans at the various trade fairs, being preferable to receive the audience in their personal household tranquility. A series of semi structured personal interviews with some LHT confirm this hypothesis. Strong promotion of those tourist destinations should no longer delay. At the central level it would require that the Tourism Authority take the „dossiers” for those LHT and promote them in a centralized manner, dedicating them an advertising brochure and a map.

  12. Cancer and electromagnetic radiation therapy: Quo Vadis?

    CERN Document Server

    Makropoulou, Mersini


    In oncology, treating cancer with a beam of photons is a well established therapeutic technique, developed over 100 years, and today over 50% of cancer patients will undergo traditional X-ray radiotherapy. However, ionizing radiation therapy is not the only option, as the high-energy photons delivering their cell-killing radiation energy into cancerous tumor can lead to significant damage to healthy tissues surrounding the tumor, located throughout the beam's path. Therefore, in nowadays, advances in ionizing radiation therapy are competitive to non-ionizing ones, as for example the laser light based therapy, resulting in a synergism that has revolutionized medicine. The use of non-invasive or minimally invasive (e.g. through flexible endoscopes) therapeutic procedures in the management of patients represents a very interesting treatment option. Moreover, as the major breakthrough in cancer management is the individualized patient treatment, new biophotonic techniques, e.g. photo-activated drug carriers, help...

  13. Outsourcing – measuring the status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorraine Ellery Matthews


    Full Text Available This article summarizes the results of a short survey completed by 94 publishers, librarians and suppliers within the international scholarly publishing community in early 2017. From a selection of 13 categories included as a multi-choice pick-list, each with additional sub-categories – a total of 57 options – the participants identified the functions they are currently outsourcing and provided a forecast of those they are considering outsourcing in the future. The survey found the top sub-category function currently outsourced across all three stakeholder groups to be ‘Content hosting/technology platform’ (one of seven sub-categories associated under the parent category 6: ‘IT – Hosting/content’, which was selected by a total of 18 survey respondents. The survey provided new insights into the issue of outsourcing in the scholarly communications field, and the author invites further participation to build on these initial findings.

  14. Quo Vadis: Teacher Preparation in California (United States)

    Jackson, Peggy; L'Aventure, Constance


    The history of requirements for teacher certification in California from 1860 is examined. Specific issues which have arisen in connection with the 1961 Fisher Bill and the 1970 Ryan Act are analyzed.

  15. Quo Vadis, kaubandushiid Hyperlex? / Mike Franz Wahl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wahl, Mike Franz, 1966-


    Juhtimiskaasuste võistluse "Juhtimisaju 2007" raames tuli osalejatel lahendada juhtum seoses ettevõtete liitumisega. Vt. samas näited võistlustöödest: Vanaviisi ei saa, uutmoodi ei taha...; Inimesed, rääkige!. Juhtimisaju 2007 parimad võistkonnad

  16. Naming Lunar Mare Basalts: Quo Vadimus Redux (United States)

    Ryder, G.


    Nearly a decade ago, I noted that the nomenclature of lunar mare basalts was inconsistent, complicated, and arcane. I suggested that this reflected both the limitations of our understanding of the basalts, and the piecemeal progression made in lunar science by the nature of the Apollo missions. Although the word "classification" is commonly attached to various schemes of mare basalt nomenclature, there is still no classification of mare basalts that has any fundamental grounding. We remain basically at a classification of the first kind in the terms of Shand; that is, things have names. Quoting John Stuart Mill, Shand discussed classification of the second kind: "The ends of scientific classification are best answered when the objects are formed into groups respecting which a greater number of propositions can be made, and those propositions more important than could be made respecting any other groups into which the same things could be distributed." Here I repeat some of the main contents of my discussion from a decade ago, and add a further discussion based on events of the last decade. A necessary first step of sample studies that aims to understand lunar mare basalt processes is to associate samples with one another as members of the same igneous event, such as a single eruption lava flow, or differentiation event. This has been fairly successful, and discrete suites have been identified at all mare sites, members that are eruptively related to each other but not to members of other suites. These eruptive members have been given site-specific labels, e.g., Luna24 VLT, Apollo 11 hi-K, A12 olivine basalts, and Apollo 15 Green Glass C. This is classification of the first kind, but is not a useful classification of any other kind. At a minimum, a classification is inclusive (all objects have a place) and exclusive (all objects have only one place). The answer to "How should rocks be classified?" is far from trivial, for it demands a fundamental choice about nature and ordering. Classification functions as a primary tool of perception, opening up ways of seeing things and sealing off others. Lacking a classification, mare-basalt petrology appears immature with little consensual perception of the qualities and signifigances of the basalts. The appearance may or may not be the reality, but it demonstrates a need for a functioning, communicatory classification, in particular for the dissemination of ideas and the furtherance of studies. Names are inconsistent both among lunar rocks and between lunar and terrestrial rocks. Samples are labeled by elements, chemistry with tags, chemistry cast into mineralogy, or a mineralogical attribute (respective examples A 14 VHK A 17 high-Ti Group B 1, A 15 quartz-normative, A-12 pigeonite). Such inconsistency is bound to lead to confusion. Chemical descriptions mean different things in mildly different contexts: A low-K Fra Mauro basalt (not a basalt!) contains slightly more K than an Apollo 11 high-K basalt. High-alumina means more than about 11% Al2O3 for mare basalts, but 21% for highlands "basalts." Volcanic KREEP basalts, about 18% Al2O3, are not (usually) qualified with "high-alumina." Yet for terrestrial basalts, high-alumina means more than about 17% Al2O3, Further, even very-low-Ti mare basalts have Ti abundances (about 0.5-1.5% Ti02) as great as typical terrestrial basalts. Thus, parallels between lunar and terrestrial nomenclatures are nonexistent (reinforced by the fact that a mare-basalt composition found on Earth would be too ultramafic to name basalt at all). A separate type of name exists for mare-basalt glasses, which are identified by site, color, and a letter for any subsequent distinctions, e.g., A15 Green Glass C. While the inconsistencies cited above by themselves make nomenclature arcane, a greater source of difficulty is the common use of acronyms such as VHK and VLT. Most of these are partly chemical acronyms, but degrading the symbol Ti to T (for instance) makes them unintelligible and devoid of information even to the intelligent, educated non-expert. Classifications have functions. A major one must be communication; i.e., a name for a mare basalt provides a common understanding of what the basalt is. For the small number of suites currently available, the present labels (though inefficient and insufficient) may work; with continued recognition of more basalts, Antarctic meteorite samples, orbiter data, sample returns, and lunar base studies, labels will become increasingly inefficient. Clementine and Prospector data have made mapping of mare basalts a much more visible activity than it was, and increasingly common ground among sample petrologists and remote sensers has emerged. To establish a usable classification, there must be some criteria for relationships. Petrologists need to decide what the most significant characters are, and how these can be translated into a classification. The common distinction on the basis of Ti (the major element with the greatest variation) may or may not be appropriate. It remains to be established whether the use of Ti is of fundamental value both in relating basalts to each other and in communication, or merely an historical accident or response to its variance. Additional information contained in original

  17. Quo vadis, Eesti disain / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis


    Eesti ja Põhjamaade disainist. Kommenteerivad Timothy Jacob Jensen Taanist, Martin Relander Soomest ja Heikki Zoova. Disainiauhinna Bruno 2008 laureaadid: Mare Kelpman, Matti Õunapuu, Martin Pärn, Tarmo Luisk, Margus Triibmann, Reet Aus, Elna Kaasik, Marta Kisand, Edina Dufala-Pärn, ByRoller, AS Balteco, Fellin Furniture OÜ

  18. Nanoestruturas de carbono (nanotubos, grafeno: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo J. G. Zarbin


    Full Text Available We describe general considerations about the present and the future standing of carbon nanostructures, mainly carbon nanotubes and graphene. Basic concepts and definitions, select structure/property relationships, and potential applications are reviewed. The analysis of the global market for these nanostructures, the commercial products available currently, the role of the chemistry, the main challenges remaining and a brief view of the field in Brazil are also presented and discussed.

  19. Research competency and specialist registration: Quo vadis?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    training requirements, core knowledge and requisite competencies which, in turn, would inform examination content and methods. Academic imperatives and the increasing frequency of legal challenges to examination results highlighted the need for assessment methods to be revised to meet pedagogical standards of ...


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    postal delivery, communication and geographical identification. For the military anthropologist or eth- nologist there isvirtually no area of lo- cal culture, thinking, customs or expres- sions which is not already reflected somewhere in the place names given by a local population. Knowledge of these place names contributes to ...

  1. Plasmonic modes in thin films: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio ePolitano


    Full Text Available Herein, we discuss the status and the prospect of plasmonic modes in thin films. Plasmons are collective longitudinal modes of charge fluctuation in metal samples excited by an external electric field. Surface plasmons (SPs are waves that propagate along the surface of a conductor with applications in magneto-optic data storage, optics, microscopy, and catalysis. In thin films the electronic response is influenced by electron quantum confinement. Confined electrons modify the dynamical screening processes at the film/substrate interface by introducing novel properties with potential applications and, moreover, they affect both the dispersion relation of SP frequency and the damping processes of the SP.Recent calculations indicate the emergence of acoustic surface plasmons (ASP in Ag thin films exhibiting quantum well states and in graphene films. The slope of the dispersion of ASP decreases with film thickness. We also discuss open issues in research on plasmonic modes in graphene/metal interfaes.

  2. Quo vadis klaasvitriin spoilerelamu / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto


    2008. a. valminud korterelamu Tallinnas Koidu 60-62 / Komeedi 14. Arhitektuur: Rein Murula Arhitektuuribüroo OÜ. Ehitaja: Rand & Tuulberg ja OÜ Dobrimir. Kortereid: 54. Arendusprojekt koosneb kahest erinevast elamuplokist, siduvaks jooneks on ühise tasandiga parkimiskorrus. Fassaadiviimistlusena on kasutatud tumedat tellist, rohelist valtsplekki ja rõdude juures klaasvitriine


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Dec 8, 2010 ... and Security Architecture: Promoting norms, Institutionalizing Solutions,. Ashgate Publishers, england and USA, ISBn 978 0 7546 7606 5 pbk. Roseline M. .... manner in which data is collated, graded and indicators, both structural and dynamic, in the analysis of conflict situations is processed pp.100-103.

  4. Big Data in Caenorhabditis elegans: quo vadis? (United States)

    Hutter, Harald; Moerman, Donald


    A clear definition of what constitutes "Big Data" is difficult to identify, but we find it most useful to define Big Data as a data collection that is complete. By this criterion, researchers on Caenorhabditis elegans have a long history of collecting Big Data, since the organism was selected with the idea of obtaining a complete biological description and understanding of development. The complete wiring diagram of the nervous system, the complete cell lineage, and the complete genome sequence provide a framework to phrase and test hypotheses. Given this history, it might be surprising that the number of "complete" data sets for this organism is actually rather small--not because of lack of effort, but because most types of biological experiments are not currently amenable to complete large-scale data collection. Many are also not inherently limited, so that it becomes difficult to even define completeness. At present, we only have partial data on mutated genes and their phenotypes, gene expression, and protein-protein interaction--important data for many biological questions. Big Data can point toward unexpected correlations, and these unexpected correlations can lead to novel investigations; however, Big Data cannot establish causation. As a result, there is much excitement about Big Data, but there is also a discussion on just what Big Data contributes to solving a biological problem. Because of its relative simplicity, C. elegans is an ideal test bed to explore this issue and at the same time determine what is necessary to build a multicellular organism from a single cell. © 2015 Hutter and Moerman. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). Two months after publication it is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (

  5. Castro’s Cuba: Quo Vadis (United States)


    average of 20 years in prison following a 1-day trial. Jose Saramago , a Portuguese 15 writer who won the 1998 Nobel Prize for literature and...Country in Isolation,” Los Angeles Times, January 16, 1998. 39 38. For more details on Saramago and other intellectuals, see

  6. Energeetikafoorum "Quo vadis, Eesti energeetika?" / Arvi Hamburg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-


    Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 27. aprillil 2006. a. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutuse, Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli, Eesti Teadlaste Liidu ja Eesti Inseneride Liidu korraldatud foorumist. Avaettekandega esines foorumil president Arnold Rüütel

  7. Energeetikafoorum "Quo vadis, Eesti energeetika?" / Arvi Hamburg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-


    Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis 27. aprillil 2006. a. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutuse, TTÜ, Eesti Teadlaste Liidu ja Eesti Inseneride Liidu korraldatud foorumist. Avaettekandega esines president Arnold Rüütel

  8. Membrane engineering in biotechnology: quo vamus? (United States)

    Rios, Gilbert M; Belleville, Marie-Pierre; Paolucci-Jeanjean, Delphine


    Membranes are essential to a range of applications, including the production of potable water, energy generation, tissue repair, pharmaceutical production, food packaging, and the separations needed for the manufacture of chemicals, electronics and a range of other products. Therefore, they are considered to be "dominant technologies" by governments and industry in several prominent countries--for example, USA, Japan and China. When combined with catalysts, membranes are at the basis of life, and membrane-based biomimetism is a key tool to obtain better quality products and environmentally friendly developments for our societies. Biology has a main part in this global landscape because it simultaneously provides the "model" (with natural biological membranes) and represents a considerable field of applications for new artificial membranes (biotreatments, bioconversions and artificial organs). In this article, our objective is to open up this enthralling area and to give our views about the future of membranes in biotechnology.

  9. Quo vadis NW Black Sea benthic ecosystems? (United States)

    Traian Gomoiu, Marian


    The author briefly presents a general review on the evolution trends of benthic ecosystems at the Romanian Black Sea coast, referring to some recent data from the literature. The Black Sea represents a "unicum hydrobiologicum" by some of its basic characteristics, such as: 1. a large semi-enclosed basin with an intense exchange of waters; 2. a sea receiving a large amount of fresh water, especially in its northwestern sector, brought by the Danube, Dnieper and Dniester Rivers; 3. a large meromictic sea - euxinic-azoic below depths of 150 - 200 m; 4. around the sea there is a large filter-holding belt consisting of bivalves (Mytilus galloprovincialis and Modiolula phaseolina); 5. a sea having in its northwestern sector a large area covered by red algae of the genus Phyllophora; 6. a sea undergoing, in the last 50 years, intense environmental pressures (pollution by large rivers and direct discharges of wastewater from urban areas, the development of maritime traffic, overfishing by bottom trawling, coastal facilities and especially by many defense works of the new port); 7. a sea registering in the last decades of the past century many events of eutrophication; 8. a sea enriching its biodiversity by alien species. After the political and socio-economic changes triggered by the events of 1989 and especially after Romania's accession to EU, the state of the northwestern Black Sea coastal ecosystems, has recorded positive changes: • Decrease in environmental pressures; • Decreasing pollutant / fertilizing discharges into the Danube; • Reduction of domestic sewage quantities from coastal settlements; • Improvement in the quality of the wastewater discharged into the sea; • Reduction of active fishing by bottom trawling; • Adopting and implementing a national / international set of guidelines concerning marine environment; • Adopting regulations on the protection of the marine environment against pollution in marine economy: transport / shipping, tourism / thalasoterapy. Black Sea ecosystem restoration - Certainties and Uncertainties: Pressure on the Danube and other rivers has decreased, chemical discharges have decreased obviously, and yet there appear phenomena of water flowering - "red waters", hypoxia is still present at times and there is mass mortality of fish and other benthic organisms. Why? Signs of recovery should be considered cautiously and uncertainties may be resolved only in a longer time by increasing our scientific efforts. The results of the EU FP7 Project PERSEUS led to the identification of three important issues that should be resolved in order to achieve good environmental status: • Applying an adaptive management to increase the resilience of the ecosystems and to diminish the vulnerability of biodiversity; • Necessity of participative approach by stakeholders; • Identifying and obtaining adequate financial support for new R-D-I projects. Who are the actors in addressing and implementing the actions? • Academic educational and research institutions for adequate working condition; • More specialists trained for taxonomic groups; • Reasonable diversity of coordinating specialists, capable team leaders / satisfactory work packages; • Attracting NGO members towards nature conservation issues; • Resonable stakeholders committed to environmental issues. Studying the results of researches carried out by GeoEcoMar on the Romanian Black Sea coast in recent years, the author concluded that the major problems hampering progress towards a good ecosystem in NW Bent Black Sea are: • lack of diversity in the fields of research, both in theoretical and applied realms; • structural and functional consequences of ecological pressures and the disordered state of the ecosystems in the periods of paroxysmal eutrophication / pollution at the end of the 20th Century; • scarcity of data and knowledge on the Social-Economic System; • high costs of the new marine technology used directly in the sea and laboratories.

  10. Prognostic molecular markers in cancer - quo vadis? (United States)

    Søland, Tine M; Brusevold, Ingvild J


    Despite the tremendous number of studies of prognostic molecular markers in cancer, only a few such markers have entered clinical practise. The lack of clinical prognostic markers clearly reflects limitations in or an inappropriate approach to prognostic studies. This situation should be of great concern for the research community, clinicians and patients. In the present review, we evaluate immunohistochemical prognostic marker studies in oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) from 2006 to 2012. We comment upon general issues such as study design, assay methods and statistical methods, applicable to prognostic marker studies irrespective of cancer type. The three most frequently studied markers in OSCC are reviewed. Our analysis revealed that most new molecular markers are reported only once. To draw conclusions of clinical relevance based on the few markers that appeared in more than one study was problematic due to between-study heterogeneity. Currently, much valuable tissue material, time and money are wasted on irrelevant studies. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Artificial Intelligence and Virology - quo vadis. (United States)

    Shapshak, Paul; Somboonwit, Charurut; Sinnott, John T


    Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics, co-robotics (cobots), quantum computers (QC), include surges of scientific endeavor to produce machines (mechanical and software) among numerous types and constructions that are accelerating progress to defeat infectious diseases. There is a plethora of additional applications and uses of these methodologies and technologies for the understanding of biomedicine through bioinformation discovery. Therefore, we briefly outline the use of such techniques in virology.

  12. Green products in Germany. Status Quo and trends; Gruene Produkte in Deutschland. Status Quo und Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The contribution under consideration supplies important insights for a systematic market monitoring of ecologic products and services. These insights are a necessary precondition for a consumer-oriented environmental policy. Living, nutrition, mobility, consumer goods also are considered as finances, total balance of green products as well as main factors and actors.

  13. Lingüística textual: quo vadis? Textlinguistics: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingedore Grunfeld Villaça Koch


    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir o futuro -- e a própria sobrevivência -- da Lingüística Textual neste milênio e os desafios que terá de enfrentar para contribuir para o desenvolvimento das Ciências Humanas numa nova era.This paper aims to discuss the future -- and the proper survival of Textlinguistics this millenium, and the challenges it has to face in order to contribute to the development of Human Sciences in a new era.

  14. Quo vadis, Tiermedizin? Pro und Contra Tracking .... [Quo vadis, Veterinary Medicine? Pro and Contra Tracking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tipold, Andrea


    Full Text Available [english] As the result of the introduction of the TAppV (regulations governing the licensing of veterinarians, enormous growth of knowledge, and the continually changing conditions and uses of working and companion animals, the teaching of veterinary medicine is faced with new challenges. One of the solutions under discussion internationally would include a change from a general licensing program to a program of study with an early focus on one subject, i.e. specialization. The Veterinary Medicine Working Group of the GMA describes three types of curriculum (general license, tracking, postgraduate specialization, with all their advantages and disadvantages, as a basis for discussion within the veterinary medical fraternity. A precise description of the veterinary profession and a standardized list of learning targets (day-1 skills will be necessary to advance this discussion. [german] Nach Einführung der TAppV, durch einen enormen Wissenszuwachs und durch laufende Änderung der Haltungsbedingungen unserer Nutz- und Haustiere befindet sich die Lehre in der Tiermedizin in einem Umbruch. Als eine der Problemlösungen wird international die Änderung des umfassenden Studiums in eine frühzeitige Spezialisierung diskutiert. Der Ausschuss Tiermedizin der GMA beschreibt drei Studienformen (Generalapprobation, Spezialisierung und Fachtierarztmodell mit ihren Vor- und Nachteilen, um der Tierärzteschaft eine Diskussionsgrundlage für weitere Erörterungen vorzulegen. Als Grundvoraussetzung für ein weiteres Vorgehen werden die genaue Beschreibung des tierärztlichen Berufsbildes und die Entwicklung eines einheitlichen Lernzielkataloges gesehen.

  15. O papel do ligamento oblíquo no comportamento mecânico do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo de cães SRD – alguns aspectos biomecânicos - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1323 The role of the oblique ligament in the mechanical behavior of the medial collateral ligament of the mongrel dog elbow joint – some biomechanical aspects - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1323

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Regina Rossi


    Full Text Available O propósito deste trabalho foi analisar a contribuição mecânica do ligamento oblíquo frente ao ligamento colateral medial na articulação do cotovelo do cão. Quinze cães foram utilizados para a realização de ensaio de tração para a análise da carga, alongamento e tenacidade dos ligamentos colateral medial e oblíquo, isolados ou associados. A carga máxima e o valor da tenacidade suportada pelo ligamento colateral medial isolado foram significativamente maiores em relação ao ligamento oblíquo isolado. Quando associados, apresentaram um incremento na carga máxima, no alongamento e na tenacidade em relação aos ligamentos analisados isoladamente. Concluiu-se, portanto, que o ligamento oblíquo tem um importante papel na estabilidade da articulação do cotovelo do cão, já que aumenta a resistência à tração do ligamento colateral medial, um dos principais estabilizadores da referida articulaçãoThis study investigated the oblique ligament mechanical contribution to the medial collateral ligament of the canine elbow joint. Fifteen dogs were used for the study of the failure load, displacement, and energy absorption of the medial collateral and oblique ligaments of the canine elbow joint, associate and separately in the joint. Medial collateral ligament failure load and energy absorption were significantly higher in relation to the isolated oblique ligament. When the ligaments were associated in the joint, they presented an increment in failure load, displacement and energy absorption in relation to the ligaments analyzed separately. It was concluded, therefore, that the oblique ligament could have an important paper in the stability of the canine elbow joint, as it favors the medial collateral ligament resistance to the tensile load, one of the main stabilizer of the elbow joint

  16. Avaliação ultraestrutural do colágeno do ligamento colateral medial associado ao ligamento oblíquo da articulação do cotovelo de cão SRD após ensaio de tração - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1324 Collagen ultra-structural evaluation of the mongrel dog’s medial collateral ligament associated with the oblique ligament after strain - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v27i2.1324

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Regina Rossi


    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou observar a disposição das fibras colágenas do ligamento colateral medial da articulação do cotovelo do cão, quando associado ao ligamento oblíquo submetido a ensaio de tração. Para tanto, foram utilizadas 18 articulações, divididas em três grupos, em que um grupo teve o ligamento colateral medial coletado e não tracionado, outro teve o ligamento colateral medial testado isoladamente e o outro grupo teve ambos os ligamentos (colateral medial e oblíquo testados associadamente. O ligamento colateral medial, verificado por meio de microscopia eletrônica de varredura, apresentou um padrão ondulado e reticular das fibras colágenas quando não submetidos ao ensaio de tração, o qual não foi destruído totalmente quando associado ao ligamento oblíquo, após o ensaio. Quando analisado isoladamente, o ligamento colateral medial após ensaio de tração perde totalmente o padrão reticular, demonstrando o desgaste das fibras por resistir à tensão. O ligamento oblíquo, portanto, contribui para a integridade da arquitetura das fibras colágenas do ligamento colateral medialUltrastructural evaluation of the collagen of the mongrel dog medial collateral ligament associated to the oblique ligament after strain. The present work aimed to observe the disposition of the collagen fibres of the medial collateral ligament of the elbow joint of the dog, when associated to the oblique ligament. Thus, 18 articulations were used, divided in three groups. A group had the medial collateral ligament collected and not stretched, other group had the collateral medial ligament stretched separately and the other group had both ligaments (medial collateral and oblique stretched associately. The medial collateral ligament examined by scanning electron microscopy presented a wavy and reticular pattern of the collagen fibres when not submitted to strain, which was not totally destroyed when it was associated to the oblique

  17. Creative thinking in prospective teachers: the 'status quo' and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of a group of South African pre-service teachers of different cultural groups and creates an awareness of the need for the development of creative thinking abilities among these prospective teachers. Keywords: contextual factors; creativity and culture, creativity; creative thinking; creative thinking abilities; teacher training ...

  18. Turkish-Greek Relations and the Cyprus Question: Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat Aksu


    Full Text Available Se puede afirmar que el factor obstructivo en el curso general de las relaciones entre Turquía y Grecia, marcadas por la intransigencia, es la ausencia de una base para el diálogo y negociación donde se puedan establecer relaciones constructivas. Los esfuerzos de diálogo y negociación que se han ido iniciando de un tiempo a otro han sido improductivos por la falta de una base de confianza y seguridad entre ambos países. El proceso de diálogo moderado y medidas de confianza que se pusieron en marcha tras la crisis de los 90 lograron formar una base para la distensión bilateral de 1999. Al mismo tiempo, al conferirle la Unión Europea el estatus de candidato a Turquía, los contenciosos entre Turquía y Grecia pasaron de la esfera tradicional al ámbito europeo. En otras palabras, las relaciones bilaterales y sus disputas se “europeizaron”. En la fase posterior a 1999, las relaciones bilaterales se vertebraron alrededor del eje de la condicionalidad y la europeización. Aunque tal situación creó una base apropiada para el desarrollo del diálogo y la cooperación, no fue posible lograr una verdadera mejora en lo que a la solución de los problemas fundamentales se refiere. En especial, con la aceptación de la parte griega de Chipre en la Unión Europea a pesar de su rechazo del Plan Annan, se ha alterado el equilibrio desfavorablemente para los turco-chipriotas y para la misma Turquía, aumentando por ello las críticas hacia la Unión Europea. El proceso de distensión está reforzando la opinión de que es posible estar a la altura de los problemas de supra-securitización del pasado. Sin embargo, nuevos problemas están poniendo a prueba el nivel de tolerancia de las relaciones. Las relaciones, que el “ancla europea” evita que degeneren, podrían entrar en tensión en caso de que la pertenencia a la Unión Europea no se materializase en el futuro.

  19. Microbial catalysis in bioelectrochemical technologies: status quo, challenges and perspectives. (United States)

    Rosenbaum, Miriam A; Franks, Ashley E


    Over the past decade, microbial electrochemical technologies, originally developed from an interesting physiological phenomenon, have evolved from a rush of initiatives for sustainable bioelectricity generation to a multitude of specialized applications in very different areas. Genetic engineering of microbial biocatalysts for target bioelectrochemical applications like biosensing or bioremediation, as well as the discovery of entirely new bioelectrochemical processes such as microbial electrosynthesis of commodity chemicals, open up completely new possibilities. Where stands this technology today? And what are the general and specific challenges it faces not only scientifically but also for transition into commercial applications? This review intends to summarize the recent advances and provides a perspective on future developments.

  20. Integration of fisheries into marine spatial planning: Quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janssen, Holger; Bastardie, Francois; Eero, Margit


    The relationship between fisheries and marine spatial planning (MSP) is still widely unsettled. While several scientific studies highlight the strong relation between fisheries and MSP, as well as ways in which fisheries could be included in MSP, the actual integration of fisheries into MSP often...... fails. In this article, we review the state of the art and latest progress in research on various challenges in the integration of fisheries into MSP. The reviewed studies address a wide range of integration challenges, starting with techniques to analyse where fishermen actually fish, assessing...... the drivers for fishermen's behaviour, seasonal dynamics and long-term spatial changes of commercial fish species under various anthropogenic pressures along their successive life stages, the effects of spatial competition on fisheries and projections on those spaces that might become important fishing areas...

  1. Germania Quo Vadis?: Dynamics of Change in German Security Policy (United States)


    responsibility in military terms in a world that somehow failed to embrace the Kantian ideal in the 1990s. Would Germany contribute troops and support the An ethical change has changed the perception of duty and commitment. Idealistic selfishness, spontaneity, self-actualization, and leisure...Germany’s moral role as one of the central powers of Europe. A question of morals and ethics finally forced Germany to participate in the common

  2. Quo Vadis Venomics? A Roadmap to Neglected Venomous Invertebrates (United States)

    von Reumont, Bjoern Marcus; Campbell, Lahcen I.; Jenner, Ronald A.


    Venomics research is being revolutionized by the increased use of sensitive -omics techniques to identify venom toxins and their transcripts in both well studied and neglected venomous taxa. The study of neglected venomous taxa is necessary both for understanding the full diversity of venom systems that have evolved in the animal kingdom, and to robustly answer fundamental questions about the biology and evolution of venoms without the distorting effect that can result from the current bias introduced by some heavily studied taxa. In this review we draw the outlines of a roadmap into the diversity of poorly studied and understood venomous and putatively venomous invertebrates, which together represent tens of thousands of unique venoms. The main groups we discuss are crustaceans, flies, centipedes, non-spider and non-scorpion arachnids, annelids, molluscs, platyhelminths, nemerteans, and echinoderms. We review what is known about the morphology of the venom systems in these groups, the composition of their venoms, and the bioactivities of the venoms to provide researchers with an entry into a large and scattered literature. We conclude with a short discussion of some important methodological aspects that have come to light with the recent use of new -omics techniques in the study of venoms. PMID:25533518

  3. Fotojornalismo: entre o oblíquo e o referencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Esther Schiavoni


    Full Text Available Este texto tem por objeto de reflexão a imagem Touché, de Wilton Junior, vencedora da 57ª edição do Prêmio Esso de Jornalismo, na categoria Fotografia. As análises tomam em consideração autores como Roland Barthes, Jean-Marie Floch e Jacques Fontanille para explicitar a problemática em torno do sentido da referida imagem e de sua publicação no jornal Estado de S. Paulo.

  4. Quo vadis venomics? A roadmap to neglected venomous invertebrates. (United States)

    von Reumont, Bjoern Marcus; Campbell, Lahcen I; Jenner, Ronald A


    Venomics research is being revolutionized by the increased use of sensitive -omics techniques to identify venom toxins and their transcripts in both well studied and neglected venomous taxa. The study of neglected venomous taxa is necessary both for understanding the full diversity of venom systems that have evolved in the animal kingdom, and to robustly answer fundamental questions about the biology and evolution of venoms without the distorting effect that can result from the current bias introduced by some heavily studied taxa. In this review we draw the outlines of a roadmap into the diversity of poorly studied and understood venomous and putatively venomous invertebrates, which together represent tens of thousands of unique venoms. The main groups we discuss are crustaceans, flies, centipedes, non-spider and non-scorpion arachnids, annelids, molluscs, platyhelminths, nemerteans, and echinoderms. We review what is known about the morphology of the venom systems in these groups, the composition of their venoms, and the bioactivities of the venoms to provide researchers with an entry into a large and scattered literature. We conclude with a short discussion of some important methodological aspects that have come to light with the recent use of new -omics techniques in the study of venoms.

  5. Chinese Transformation Policies for 2015 and Beyond: Quo Vadis?


    Im-Soo Yoo


    The year 1949 witnessed the founding of modern China under the leadership of Mao Zedong and the Communists. The nation was unified after a century of humiliation at the hands of the Western powers and after being divided amongst warlords, Communists and Nationalists. Mao began to develop a Chinese version of Communism while implementing key tenets of Marxist theory. These actions included the nationalization of land and property in order to impose collectivization. These policies failed an...

  6. Educational Technology in Nigeria Universities: Statues Quo and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper looked at various definitions of Educational Technology (ET) but defined the acceptable one. ET was seen as the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological process and resources. The four key elements inherent in the ...

  7. Bioabsorbable Stent Quo Vadis: A Case for Nano-Theranostics (United States)

    Gundogan, Buket; Tan, Aaron; Farhatnia, Yasmin; Alavijeh, Mohammad S.; Cui, Zhanfeng; Seifalian, Alexander M.


    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is one of the most commonly performed invasive medical procedures in medicine today. Since the first coronary balloon angioplasty in 1977, interventional cardiology has seen a wide array of developments in PCI. Bare metal stents (BMS) were soon superseded by the revolutionary drug-eluting stents (DES), which aimed to address the issue of restenosis found with BMS. However, evidence began to mount against DES, with late-stent thrombosis (ST) rates being higher than that of BMS. The bioabsorbable stent may be a promising alternative, providing vessel patency and support for the necessary time required and thereafter degrade into safe non-toxic compounds which are reabsorbed by the body. This temporary presence provides no triggers for ST, which is brought about by non-endothelialized stent struts and drug polymers remaining in vivo for extended periods of time. Likewise, nano-theranostics incorporated into a bioabsorbable stent of the future may provide an incredibly valuable single platform offering both therapeutic and diagnostic capabilities. Such a stent may allow delivery of therapeutic particles to specific sites thus keeping potential toxicity to a minimum, improved ease of tracking delivery in vivo by embedding imaging agents, controlled rate of therapy release and protection of the implanted therapy. Indeed, nanocarriers may allow an increased therapeutic index as well as offer novel post-stent implantation imaging and diagnostic methods for atherosclerosis, restenosis and thrombosis. It is envisioned that a nano-theranostic stent may well form the cornerstone of future stent designs in clinical practice. PMID:24672583

  8. The pentafluorostyrene endeavours with atom transfer radical polymerization - quo vadis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvilsted, Søren


    The versatility of the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of pentafluorostyrene (FS) is comprehensively evaluated. The ATRP of a wide range of monomers derived from FS is likewise discussed with emphasis on the potential polymer applications. A large number of block and star copolymers...... centred around polypentafluorostyrene (PFS) and prepared primarily using the bromomacroinitiator concept is surveyed. Here the main emphasis is on the feasibility of the polymer design, but also the very many different applications are highlighted. The potential grafting onto PFS and PFS block copolymers...... by exploitation of the very labile para-fluorine demonstrates new material architecture possibilities through very mild reaction conditions. Finally the utility of PFS in various conducting materials is elaborated. The amphiphilic nature of PFS in triblock copolymers with polyethers has been exploited for Li+ ion...


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Part of the problem lies with the individual medical schools. Few academic departments of obstetrics and gynaecology offer their registrars more than 4 weeks of dedicated ultrasound training, while some provide no time in the ultrasound department at all. This is obviously because the clinical needs of the departments are ...

  10. Breaking the Status Quo: Information and the Future Force (United States)


    times, armed force and aggression have been used to pursue individual, group and nation-state objectives. From the history of Thucydides to the...Bonds. Hollywood rolled out Movietone news releases before every cinema offering, and stalwarts such as Frank Capra produced films destined to commissioned by the French Joint Forces Centre for Concept Development, Doctrine, and Experimentation – recommended that France adopt this

  11. Der neue „Feminalismus“ – Quo vadis femina?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Schmitz


    Full Text Available Anhand der Bücher von Hilde Neunhöffer und Natalie Angier wird die neue Forschungsrichtung des „Feminalismus“ kritisch beleuchtet. Die Aufwertung naturalisierter Weiblichkeitsprinzipien in der Evolutionsforschung und in neuen Körperkonzepten liegt dabei voll im Trend der Zeit, wie die positive Resonanz quer durch wissenschaftliche wie feministische Rezensionen zeigt. Genauere Analyse deckt jedoch die gleiche Zirkelschlusspraxis zur Naturalisierung von Geschlechterunterschieden in diesen Konzepten auf, die feministische Naturwissenschaftsforschung an der biologisch-medizinischen Forschung kritisiert. Die gleichzeitige Ignoranz, ja Verdammung feministischer Kritik durch die Autorinnen als subjektiv und damit unwissenschaftlich birgt die Gefahr, dass biologistischer Feminalismus in Zukunft als wissenschaftlich „akzeptierte“ Richtung die kritische feministische Forschung verdrängen soll.

  12. The status quo of research on South Africa's water resource ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The South African water resource management institutional landscape has seen some dramatic changes since the new dispensation came into power in 1994. Not only have legislation and policies changed, but there has also been a significant increase in the number of non-state actors in the policy development process.

  13. Quo Vadis Venomics? A Roadmap to Neglected Venomous Invertebrates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjoern Marcus von Reumont


    Full Text Available Venomics research is being revolutionized by the increased use of sensitive -omics techniques to identify venom toxins and their transcripts in both well studied and neglected venomous taxa. The study of neglected venomous taxa is necessary both for understanding the full diversity of venom systems that have evolved in the animal kingdom, and to robustly answer fundamental questions about the biology and evolution of venoms without the distorting effect that can result from the current bias introduced by some heavily studied taxa. In this review we draw the outlines of a roadmap into the diversity of poorly studied and understood venomous and putatively venomous invertebrates, which together represent tens of thousands of unique venoms. The main groups we discuss are crustaceans, flies, centipedes, non-spider and non-scorpion arachnids, annelids, molluscs, platyhelminths, nemerteans, and echinoderms. We review what is known about the morphology of the venom systems in these groups, the composition of their venoms, and the bioactivities of the venoms to provide researchers with an entry into a large and scattered literature. We conclude with a short discussion of some important methodological aspects that have come to light with the recent use of new -omics techniques in the study of venoms.

  14. General Education Natural Science for a Changing Society: Quo Vadimus? (United States)

    Richter, Winston

    Concern for the education of whole persons is not new in American higher education, but recent authors have expressed a new urgency for a return to a common core curriculum for general education. One model can be seen in the Miami-Dade General Education program, another in the human-value-orientation of Walter Lippincott, which is particularly…

  15. Domestic partners and "the choice argument": Quo vadis? | Coetzee ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Same-sex domestic partnerships, on the other hand, have until recently been recognised under the choice argument on an ad hoc basis, as there existed an objective legal impediment to their marriage, namely their sexual orientation. According to the majority of legal commentators the enactment of the Civil Union Act 17 of ...

  16. Quo vadit psychologia: A philosophia vel ad philosophiam?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorović Milorad V.


    Full Text Available Where is psychology heading: away from philosophy or towards it? It seems that psychology itself had to thematize, inter alia, both scope and consequences of its 'separation and individuation' from philosophy and its own philosophical origins. Instead of having a philosophical context, within which the previous psychological knowledge existed, the contemporary psychology has been left to metaphysics, meta-technique and mathematization for the purposes of its growth as an empirical science, extolling the scientific method conceived as a method of positive science, and loosing thus both its 'soul' and the soul as a proper object of study. Its avoidance to use the word 'soul' might be the best testimony thereof. Contemporary psychology - as an essentially anti-philosophical psychology - has placed the 'psychological' in the physical, otorhinolaryngological or ophthalmological content, researching mostly only simple empirical relations. Such a psychology goes against its proper interests precisely because its anti-philosophical orientation reduces its research object to a physical fact prepared to enter exclusively mathematical operations. As opposed to that, a psychology maintaining its relationship with philosophy would itself be an experience, instead of being a mere theory. In place of psychology focusing on life itself, as Heidegger suggested, and not only on sensations, impressions based on touch, and memory factors, that what has been happening is exactly the opposite. If psychology was to examine life in its entire reality, it certainly wouldn't be forced to become the true philosophy, but the philosophical approach would only contribute to increased critical and comprehensive nature of psychological research. The manner in which the academic psychology perceives both individual functions and the subject himself provides a sound indicator of these 'partial' objects of cognition. Those, in turn, as partial perspectives of psychological knowledge, inevitably lead to a multitude of psychologies. Only philosophy can represent the common denominator containing the need for creation of a unique science which does not imply the reduction of Multitude to One, but instead implies the forbearance of such theoretical 'outbursts' of prejudices against the concepts of 'mental entities' and 'psychic processes' that have characterized behaviorism. If Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari can pose a question about what philosophy is, then the psychologists could pose the same question. Especially since they could receive significant assistance from philosophy 'as a skill of notion forming, inventing and production' (according to the teachings of Guattari and Deleuze, among others.

  17. The demographic revolution and our common future: quo vadimus?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egon Diczfalusy


    Full Text Available Professor Egon Diczfalusy reflects on a lifetime of experience, drawing insights from not only the great masters of the arts, philosophy and the sciences but also from a time in history in which he has witnessed some of the greatest triumphs in science as well as some of the greatest tragedies against humanity. This paper highlights some of the most pressing public health issues facing the world today, such as population growth and the changing global population structure, examining factors such as longevity and the progressive imbalance between the number of elderly persons in our communities and the number of persons who are able to support them. Finally he discusses the falling rates in fertility, stressing its multifactorial aetiology. In his closing remarks he poses three major problems that face the scientific community today. The use and misuse of science The growing discrepancy between scientific development and our moral/ethical development. The need to convince todays and future generations that fanatic faith, fundamentalism and obscurantism will not improve the quality of life of their children and grandchildren. His final reflections remind us that we belong to a humanistic science one in which we should not only strive to achieve the wisdom of humility but also the wisdom of hope.

  18. Status Quo and Prospect on Mobile Database Security


    Tao Zhang; Shi Xing-jun


    Mobile database is a specialized class of distributed systems. There are some security challenges because of the dispersed nature of the mobile database application and hardware deviceconstraints. Therefore, the security issue of mobile database is analyzed in this paper. We will research the security in terms of mobile device, operating system on mobile device, mobile network and mobile database. Moreover, various security vulnerabilities on mobile database is recognized. Some appropriate t...

  19. [Idiopathic macular hole: history and status quo review]. (United States)

    Samoylov, A N; Khaibrakhmanov, T R; Fazleeva, G A; Samoylova, P A


    The article reviews the literature on one of the topical problems of vitreoretinal surgery - idiopathic macular holes. The history, concept, classification and diagnostics, as well as surgical and alternative treatment methods of macular holes are explored.

  20. On Programmed Cell Death in Plasmodium falciparum: Status Quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewaldt Engelbrecht


    Full Text Available Conflicting arguments and results exist regarding the occurrence and phenotype of programmed cell death (PCD in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Inconsistencies relate mainly to the number and type of PCD markers assessed and the different methodologies used in the studies. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge and empirical evidence for PCD in the intraerythrocytic stages of P. falciparum. We consider possible reasons for discrepancies in the data and offer suggestions towards more standardised investigation methods in this field. Furthermore, we present genomic evidence for PCD machinery in P. falciparum. We discuss the potential adaptive or nonadaptive role of PCD in the parasite life cycle and its possible exploitation in the development of novel drug targets. Lastly, we pose pertinent unanswered questions concerning the PCD phenomenon in P. falciparum to provide future direction.

  1. Methanation of carbon oxides. History, status quo and future perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaltner, W.; Rakoczy, R.A. [Clariant SE, Muenchen (Germany)


    With increasing demand in fossil sources and especially crude oil based energy carrier, proven reserves will be diminishing. Besides alternative and sustainable sources the conversion of coal into fuels which can be distributed within the existing infrastructure becomes extremely important in areas of fast growing energy demand. Driver for these technologies is mostly the lack of crude oil and availability of coal like in China or South Africa. The most common way to convert coal into chemicals and fuels is the gasification to yield a gas mixture known as synthesis gas. Synthesis gas can be converted in highly pure methane used as 'substitute natural gas' (SNG) in gas grids of major cities to produce heat at home and industry. All available SNG technologies are characterized by the difficulty to control the extreme heat release of the methanation reaction. This presentation will give an overview on available gasification and methanation technologies from recent point of view. A lot of processes are already described in literature and there are pilot and real plants for methanation and especially SNG built. Moreover, a new process to produce methane from synthesis gas without the need of recycle streams and high temperatures will be introduced. This novel process developed by Foster Wheeler - using catalysts from Clariant - is called 'VESTA Process' in accordance with the Roman goddess of hearth and fire. (orig.)

  2. Teaching Racism: Using Experiential Learning to Challenge the Status Quo (United States)

    Loya, Melody Aye; Cuevas, Mo


    Teaching about racism creates challenging issues for educators and students alike. Using experiential learning and a public-access curriculum to teach about racism and social inequality, graduate and undergraduate students participated in this elective course. The hybrid "minimester" course focused on affective responses to classroom activities,…

  3. Fremmedspråk på barnetrinnet - quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Bjørke


    Full Text Available Artikkelen har som hovedtema fremmedspråk på barnetrinnet, og tar for seg muntlig kompetanse elever på 7. trinn har tilegnet seg i faget spansk. Fokus er på lytte- og samtalestrategier samt ulike læringsarenaer og språklig input. I artikkelen belyses også hvilke kompetanser forfatterne mener vil bli viktige i fremmedspråkopplæringen på barnetrinnet i årene framover.

  4. Quid pro quo? Zur normativen Struktur von Familienbeziehungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schweikard David P.


    Full Text Available Ausgehend von einem im Februar 2014 ergangenen BGH-Urteil, das die Unterhaltspflicht von erwachsenen Kindern gegenüber ihren Eltern auch im Falle des einseitigen Kontaktabbruchs bejaht, werden in diesem Beitrag Überlegungen zur Struktur und den normativen Implikationen der Eltern-Kind-Beziehung angestellt. Zum einen wird dafür plädiert, die Eltern-Kind-Beziehung als nichtsymmetrisch, d. h. als Komplex aus symmetrischen und asymmetrischen Beziehungen zu verstehen. Zum anderen wird hinsichtlich der normativen Implikationen der Eltern-Kind-Beziehung dafür argumentiert, dass Verpflichtungen innerhalb dieser Beziehung nicht vom bloßen Bestehen, sondern vom Wert der Beziehung abhängig zu machen sind. Aus diesem Argument wird gefolgert, dass die im BGH-Urteil sowie im in der einschlägigen Literatur diskutierten „Past Parental Sacrifices Model“ unterstellte Symmetrie der Eltern-Kind-Beziehung zu einer inadäquaten normativen Analyse führt. Damit wird der Rechtfertigungsstrategie filialer Verpflichtungen, die auf ein Quidproquo bezüglich zurückliegender elterlicher Versorgungsleistungen gestützt ist, eine Absage erteilt.

  5. Research in South Africa - Quo Vadis? | Stutterheim | South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal of Animal Science. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 1, No 1 (1971) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  6. Using Internet for education : the status quo, advantages and issues


    渡部, 和雄


    This paper describes the present conditions, advantages and issues to be solved of utilizing Internet for education. Education using Internet is classified into four groups:(1) traditional class (group) education, (2) exchange of classes, (3) individual distance learning, and (4) collaborative distance learning. The present research and experiment status is described for each category. Then, advantages of using Internet for education compared with traditional education in a classroom are ment...

  7. Sino-Japanese Relations: Cooperation, Competition, or Status Quo?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Taylor, Fred H


    Over the course of their history, bilateral Sino-Japanese relations have experienced a paradoxical relationship of autonomy and interdependence, mutual respect and suspicion, and admiration and condescension...

  8. Dairy goat production systems: status quo, perspectives and challenges. (United States)

    Escareño, Luis; Salinas-Gonzalez, Homero; Wurzinger, Maria; Iñiguez, Luiz; Sölkner, Johann; Meza-Herrera, Cesar


    Goat production concentrated in developing countries (tropics, dry areas), contributes largely to the livelihoods of low and medium income farmers. Farming systems in these areas have evolved to cope with the formidable constraints imposed by harsh natural and economic conditions by adapting integrated crop/livestock production strategies. In Asia, Africa and Latin America, due to its almost exclusive extensive nature, goat production relies mainly on grazing on communal lands that hardly provide the minimum nutrient requirements due to overstocking and degradation. While some of these production systems are becoming semi-intensive, appropriate breeding strategies should be designed to promote conservation and improvement of their unique attributes, such as adaptability, water use efficiency and suitability under harsh climatic conditions. In Europe, dairy goat production is more common around the Mediterranean basin, where it is important from an economic, environmental and sociological perspective to the Mediterranean countries: Spain, France, Italy and Greece. Europe owns only 5.1 % of the world's dairy goat herds, but produces 15.6 % of the world's goat milk; this is the only continent where goat milk has such an economic importance and organization. In developing countries the dairy goat sector requires a systemic approach, whereby nutrition, animal health, breeding, know-how, inputs and technologies must be assembled. This would allow the optimization of natural and local resources and would promote the transition from a risk reduction strategy towards an increased productivity strategy. Such an increase would privilege production efficiency based on clean, green and ethical practices for responsible innovation.

  9. Sino-Japanese Relations: Cooperation, Competition, or Status Quo? (United States)


    central government censored the movie “Memoirs of a Geisha ” because the lead character, portrayed by a Chinese actress, could be construed as a...January 5, 2008). 69 Xinhua News Agency, “China bars Hollywood ‘ Geisha ’,” February, 2, 2006

  10. Actividad investigadora en medicina interna en Galicia. Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier De la Fuente Aguado


    Full Text Available El programa formativo de la especialidad de Medicina Interna viene definido en la Orden SCO/227/2007, de 24 de enero. En ella se establecen las competencias que deben ser adquiridas por los futuros especialistas tanto en el ámbito asistencial como en el docente e investigador.

  11. Financial support of graduate programs in Brazil: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.F. Helene


    Full Text Available Graduate programs provide the highest level of formal education and thus are crucial for the development of any country. However, official Brazilian data clearly show a dramatic decrease in the number and values of scholarships available to graduate programs in Brazil over the last few years, despite the importance and growth of such programs. Between 1995 and 2004, investment by the Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal do Ensino Superior (CAPES, subordinate to the Ministry of Education and Culture in funding scholarships, corrected for inflation in the period, actually decreased by 51%. In addition, during the period between 1994 and 2004, there was a loss of about 60% in the purchasing power of the graduate scholarships provided by CAPES and the National Council for Science and Technology (CNPq. To reverse this trend, we propose the development of sectorial funding for Brazilian graduate programs to guarantee the availability and continuity of financial support for this strategic activity.

  12. Invasive Neophyten im Limmattal – status quo 2007 und Massnahmen


    Schneider, O; Burga, C A


    In the region of Dietikon-Spreitenbach-Heitersberg (Limmat Valley), invasive neophytes were analyzed and measures for dealing were proposed. For this purpose populations of invasive neophytes and phe- nomenologically defined habitats were mapped at a scale 1:10 000 in 2007. The map shows a strong concentration of invasive neophytes in the areas of settlement. 12 species that occur in the study area are from the Black List, 3 from the Watch List. The following plant species are the most widely...

  13. Quo Vadimus : Integrating fishers' knowledge research in science and management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stephenson, Robert L.; Paul, Stacy; Pastoors, M.A.; Kraan, M.L.; Holm, Petter; Wiber, M.; Mackinson, S.; Dankel, D.J.; Brooks, K.; Benson, Ashleen


    Fishers' knowledge research (FKR) aims to enhance the use of experiential knowledge of fish harvesters in fisheries research, assessment, and management. Fishery participants are able to provide unique knowledge, and that knowledge forms an important part of “best available information” for

  14. Application of Liposomes in Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis: Quo Vadis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhupinder Kapoor


    Full Text Available The most common treatments for rheumatoid arthritis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, corticosteroids, disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs, and some biological agents. However, none of the treatments available is able to achieve the ultimate goal of treatment, that is, drug-free remission. This limitation has shifted the focus of treatment to delivery strategies with an ability to deliver the drugs into the synovial cavity in the proper dosage while mitigating side effects to other tissues. A number of approaches like microemulsions, microspheres, liposomes, microballoons, cocrystals, nanoemulsions, dendrimers, microsponges, and so forth, have been used for intrasynovial delivery of these drugs. Amongst these, liposomes have proven to be very effective for retaining the drug in the synovial cavity by virtue of their size and chemical composition. The fast clearance of intra-synovially administered drugs can be overcome by use of liposomes leading to increased uptake of drugs by the target synovial cells, which in turn reduces the exposure of nontarget sites and eliminates most of the undesirable effects associated with therapy. This review focuses on the use of liposomes in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and summarizes data relating to the liposome formulations of various drugs. It also discusses emerging trends of this promising technology.

  15. Case for real-time systems development - Quo vadis? (United States)

    Erb, Dona M.


    The paper focuses on the distinctive issues of computer-aided software engineering (CASE) products for the development of real-time systems. CASE technologies and associated standardization efforts are evolving from sets of conflicting interests. The majority of case products are intended for use in the development of management information systems. CASE products to support the development of large, complex real-time systems must provide additional capabilities. Generic concerns include the quality of the implementation of the required method for the phase of the system's development and whether the vendor is stable and committed to evolving the products in parallel with nonproprietary standards. The CASE market is undergoing considerable consolidation. The paper describes the major forces, cooperating entities, and remaining uncertainties that need to be weighed in near-term CASE procurements to limit risk of loss of investment in project time, trianing, and money.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and to advanced training of the more gifted portion of their manpower. On the other end of the scale, those coun- tries which are euphemistically called the developing countries, though really undeveloped, have no national economies of the kind from which they can draw funds to devote to research; in their populations they ...

  17. Quo vadis, USA dollar? : finantsturgude viimastest arengutest / Robert Liljequist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liljequist, Robert


    Swedbank AB Soome strateegiajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad USA majandust alanud aastal, dollari n.-ö turvalise valuuta staatuse kaotamise ohtu, võlakirjade ostmise vähendamist ja selle mõju USA dollarile, Euroopa Keskpanga poliitika mõju euro ja USA dollari suhtele. Swebanki prognoos USA dollari kohta

  18. On Programmed Cell Death in Plasmodium falciparum: Status Quo (United States)

    Engelbrecht, Dewaldt; Durand, Pierre Marcel; Coetzer, Thérèsa Louise


    Conflicting arguments and results exist regarding the occurrence and phenotype of programmed cell death (PCD) in the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Inconsistencies relate mainly to the number and type of PCD markers assessed and the different methodologies used in the studies. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge and empirical evidence for PCD in the intraerythrocytic stages of P. falciparum. We consider possible reasons for discrepancies in the data and offer suggestions towards more standardised investigation methods in this field. Furthermore, we present genomic evidence for PCD machinery in P. falciparum. We discuss the potential adaptive or nonadaptive role of PCD in the parasite life cycle and its possible exploitation in the development of novel drug targets. Lastly, we pose pertinent unanswered questions concerning the PCD phenomenon in P. falciparum to provide future direction. PMID:22287973

  19. Research in the Mont Terri Rock laboratory: Quo vadis? (United States)

    Bossart, Paul; Thury, Marc

    During the past 10 years, the 12 Mont Terri partner organisations ANDRA, BGR, CRIEPI, ENRESA, FOWG (now SWISSTOPO), GRS, HSK, IRSN, JAEA, NAGRA, OBAYASHI and SCK-CEN have jointly carried out and financed a research programme in the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory. An important strategic question for the Mont Terri project is what type of new experiments should be carried out in the future. This question has been discussed among partner delegates, authorities, scientists, principal investigators and experiment delegates. All experiments at Mont Terri - past, ongoing and future - can be assigned to the following three categories: (1) process and mechanism understanding in undisturbed argillaceous formations, (2) experiments related to excavation- and repository-induced perturbations and (3) experiments related to repository performance during the operational and post-closure phases. In each of these three areas, there are still open questions and hence potential experiments to be carried out in the future. A selection of key issues and questions which have not, or have only partly been addressed so far and in which the project partners, but also the safety authorities and other research organisations may be interested, are presented in the following. The Mont Terri Rock Laboratory is positioned as a generic rock laboratory, where research and development is key: mainly developing methods for site characterisation of argillaceous formations, process understanding and demonstration of safety. Due to geological constraints, there will never be a site specific rock laboratory at Mont Terri. The added value for the 12 partners in terms of future experiments is threefold: (1) the Mont Terri project provides an international scientific platform of high reputation for research on radioactive waste disposal (= state-of-the-art research in argillaceous materials); (2) errors are explicitly allowed (= rock laboratory as a “playground” where experience is often gained through experimental failures); (3) the Mont Terri Rock Laboratory is open to visitors, and guided tours make a significant contribution to enhancing public acceptance, particularly with respect to local communities and critical citizens who are open to, and interested in, the technical and societal issues of radioactive waste disposal.

  20. Informed consent in China: status quo and its future. (United States)

    Dai, Qingkang


    Informed consent is one of the fundamental rights of a patient. However it used to be ignored in mainland China and was neither academically discussed nor a matter of practical concern until recent years. Paternalism was dominant in the practice of traditional Chinese medicine which was intensely influenced by Confucianism. The historic medical paternalism was reinforced under communism and the planned economy due to the communist beliefs. But is has been frequently challenged in recent years with patients' awakening awareness of rights and the advent of rights-defending litigation culture in the course of the transformation to market economy. Nevertheless, the current Chinese laws lag behind this patients' awakening awareness and litigation culture. The resulting deficiency in Chinese laws governing medical relations has created dilemmas and chaos in the resolution of medical disputes. In conclusion, the author appeals for the amendment of Chinese law and tries to point out how it should be amended.

  1. Domestic Partners and "The Choice Argument": Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Coetzee Bester


    Full Text Available In the absence of formal legal recognition, domestic partners are required to regulate the consequences of their relationship by utilising alternative regulatory measures and remedies which are, for the most part, inadequate. The traditional justification used to differentiate between domestic partners and spouses is known by some as the choice argument. The choice argument is based on the rationale that persons who choose not to marry cannot claim spousal benefits. It understands choice narrowly as it takes into account only an objective legal impediment to marriage. As such, it has been the driving force behind the non-recognition of heterosexual domestic partnerships. Same-sex domestic partnerships, on the other hand, have until recently been recognised under the choice argument on an ad hoc basis, as there existed an objective legal impediment to their marriage, namely their sexual orientation. According to the majority of legal commentators the enactment of the Civil Union Act 17 of 2006 removed the objective legal impediment against same-sex marriage. They therefore argue that the choice argument should now be applied to both heterosexual and same-sex domestic partners equally. However, the Constitutional Court has expressed some doubt as to the correctness of this assumption. Taking into consideration the choice argument's narrow understanding of choice, together with the possible unfair discrimination caused by its application, an alternative theoretical basis for the future recognition and regulation of domestic partnerships had to be found. Three possible solutions were investigated, namely the model of contextualised choice, the function-over-form approach, and finally the Smith model. Because of the invasive effect of the latter two approaches, this study advocates for the adoption of the model of contextualised choice. If adopted it would mean that the subjective considerations of domestic partners will be taken into account and they will be afforded with a minimum degree of protection based on need. After having accepted this approach the study had to determine to what extent proposed legislation adopts a contextualised approach to choice. Accordingly, it had to be determined whether proposed legislation provides domestic partners with need-based claims while still upholding the established differences between domestic partnerships and formalised relationships. It was ultimately concluded that the proposed legislation would have the effect of blurring the differences insofar as registered domestic partnerships were concerned, the reason being that such a partnership comes into existence through a public expression of the partners' commitment and, as such, does not really fall within the ambit of the definition of a domestic partnership in the narrow sense of the word. With regard to unregistered domestic partners, it was concluded that the proposed legislation went too far in protecting unregistered partners' proprietary rights (even if only on an ex post facto basis as these claims were not based on need. It was therefore recommended that the proposed legislation be redrafted. If not redrafted the proposed legislation would have the effect not only of infringing on the autonomy of one or both of the partners but also of creating a regulatory system which does not fully appreciate the differences between marriage and domestic partnerships.

  2. Moldova Quo Vadis: Neutrality and European Integration? Problems of Policy (United States)


    Longbow/Lancer 2006,” Archivo /2006/200609/20060913/20060913_218860.shtm (accessed 19 February 2008). 74 Moldovagaz.183 By...getdocument.aspx?logid=5&id=C5C8FDB4-1828- 41B3-8687-F88FE36FC916 (accessed 2 March 2008). NATO. Cooperative Longbow/Lancer 2006. Archivo

  3. 'Addicted to the status quo' - academic fantasies and the primary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The current state of the Humanities in South African universities is frequently attributed to the 1997 Higher Education Act and the new educational dispensation it initiated. This article discusses some of the pervasive fantasies inhibiting the effective management, and especially the management of change, in one Faculty of ...

  4. Quo Vadis? LIS Postgraduate Education in the Philippines (United States)

    Dizon, Fernan R.; Sagun, Karryl Kim A.; Alfiler-Macalalad, Ana Grace P.


    The paper intends to shed light on the predicament faced by many Filipino. Librarians: the lack of local institutions offering a library and information science (LIS) postgraduate degree. The paper aims to reveal the state of Philippine LIS postgraduate education by considering the number of librarians who have pursued and are still pursuing…

  5. Public transport policy implementation in South Africa: Quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackie Walters


    Full Text Available For many years the South African government has put forward policies and strategies to improve and promote public transport. Despite this, very little has changed over the last 30 years, although projects such as the Gautrain high-speed rail service and a few bus rapid transit routes have been introduced recently. These projects, however, are not integrated in a logical manner into the broader public transport system and are often referred to as stand alone interventions because of a lack of managing public transport in terms of integrated transport plans. The traditional commuter rail, bus and 16-seat taxi industries therefore operate in policy silos and, in the case of the bus and rail industries, are planned and funded independently of each other, leading to a further lack of integration. Policy interventions have been implemented partially or not at all, leaving the public transport sector in a state of flux. The methodology followed in researching this paper was to briefly trace the historical public transport policy developments, with a focus on the commuter bus industry, in order to identify possible impediments to policy implementation and to identify policy interventions for addressing the currently stalled policy implementation programme. The main finding of the paper is that it would be advisable to establish provincial transport authorities between local and provincial governments. That should speed up the development and implementation of integrated transport plans, which ought to lead to integrated public transport systems and a more optimal spend of the available governmental funds aimed at subsidising public transport.

  6. Dose monitoring in radiology departments. Status quo and future perspectives; Dosismonitoring in der Radiologie. Status quo und Zukunftsperspektiven

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boos, J. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States). Dept. of Radiology; Duesseldorf Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Meineke, A. [Cerner Healthcare Services, Idstein (Germany); Bethge, O.T.; Antoch, G.; Kroepil, P. [Duesseldorf Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie


    The number of computed tomography examinations has continuously increased over the last decades and accounts for a major part of the collective radiation dose from medical investigations. For purposes of quality assurance in modern radiology a systematic monitoring and analysis of dose related data from radiological examinations is mandatory. Various ways of collecting dose data are available today, for example the Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine - Structured Report (DICOM-SR), optical character recognition and DICOM-modality performed procedure steps (MPPS). The DICOM-SR is part of the DICOM-standard and provides the DICOM-Radiation Dose Structured Report, which is an easily applicable and comprehensive solution to collect radiation dose parameters. This standard simplifies the process of data collection and enables comprehensive dose monitoring. Various commercial dose monitoring software devices with varying characteristics are available today. In this article, we discuss legal obligations, various ways to monitor dose data, current dose monitoring software solutions and future perspectives in regard to the EU Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM.

  7. Efeitos da eletroestimulação do músculo vasto medial oblíquo em portadores de síndrome da dor patelofemoral: uma análise eletromiográfica Effects of electrical stimulation of vastus medialis obliquus muscle in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome: an electromyographic analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana R. Garcia


    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: O uso da eletromiografia de superfície (EMG-S tem sido considerado como instrumento de avaliação quantitativa na síndrome da dor patelofemoral (SDPF. Tratamentos conservadores objetivam melhorar o alinhamento patelar, e a estimulação elétrica do músculo vasto medial oblíquo (VMO tem sido considerada por ser seletiva e não causar irritação articular. OBJETIVO: Verificar o efeito de um programa de fortalecimento muscular com estimulação elétrica do VMO na SDPF por meio da capacidade de avaliação da EMG-S. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste estudo 10 mulheres jovens (idade: 23,1±4,9 anos; massa corporal: 66,8±14,0 kg; estatura: 1,63±6,9 cm; IMC: 25,1±5,6 kg/m² com SDPF unilateral, as quais realizaram o teste funcional de subir degrau para captação da atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos VMO e vasto lateral (VL, antes e após um programa de estimulação elétrica do VMO. A eletroestimulação foi realizada três vezes por semana, durante seis semanas. Foram consideradas, para análise entre VMO e VL, as variáveis razão do tempo do início até o pico de ativação, razão da integral do sinal (teste t para amostras dependentes e diferença de início de ativação (teste de Wilcoxon, com n��vel de significância de pBACKGROUND: The use of surface electromyography (SEMG has been considered a tool for quantitative assessment of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS. Conservative treatments aim to improve patellar alignment, and electrical stimulation of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO muscle has been considered effective because it is selective and does not cause joint irritation. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the efficiency of a muscle strengthening program with electrical stimulation of the VMO muscle in PFPS by SEMG. METHODS: A group of ten young women (age: 23.1±4.9 years; body mass: 66.8±14.0 kg; height: 1.63±6.9 cm; BMI: 25.1±5.6 kg/m² with unilateral PFPS participated in the

  8. Atividade elétrica dos músculos oblíquos externos e multífidos durante o exercício de flexoextensão do quadril realizado no Cadillac com diferentes regulagens de mola e posições do indivíduo Electrical activity of external oblique and multifidus muscles during the hip flexion-extension exercise performed in the Cadillac with different adjustments of springs and individual positions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson F. Loss


    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: Apesar do amplo uso do Pilates na Fisioterapia, há poucos estudos que avaliaram a ativação elétrica dos músculos nos exercícios. OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência de diferentes regulagens de mola e posições do indivíduo sobre a ativação elétrica dos multífidos (MU e oblíquos externos (OE durante a flexoextensão do quadril (FEQ no Cadillac. MÉTODOS: Oito mulheres praticantes de Pilates por seis meses realizaram 10 repetições de FEQ nas situações: mola baixa (MB, mola fixada a 30 cm do nível em que estava o indivíduo; mola alta (MA, mola fixada a 90 cm do nível em que estava o indivíduo; posição próxima (PP, distância de 10 cm da fixação da mola; posição distante (PD, distância de 30 cm da fixação da mola. Dados cinemáticos e de eletromiografia (EMG foram coletados sincronizadamente, e os músculos monitorados bilateralmente foram os OE e os MU. Cada movimento de FEQ foi recortado em duas fases (extensão e flexão. O sinal de EMG foi calculado e normalizado usando a contração voluntária máxima (CVM. O Wilcoxon test foi usado para investigar diferenças entre as situações (pBACKGROUND: Despite of the widepread use of Pilates in Physical Therapy, there are few studies that have assessed the muscle electrical activation during Pilates exercises. OBJECTIVE: Verify the influence of different spring adjustments and individual positions on the electrical activation of multifidus (MU and oblique external (OE muscles during hip flexion-extension (HFE exercise on the Cadillac. METHODS: Eight women practicing Pilates exercises for at least six months performed 10 repetitions of HFE in the following situations: Lower Spring, spring fixed at 30 cm in relation to level which the individuals were positioned. Higher Spring, spring fixed at 90 cm in relation to level which the individuals were positioned. Near Position, distance of 10 cm from the fixed spring. Distant Position, distance of 30 cm from

  9. Smart Metering. Between technical challenge and societal acceptance - Interdisciplinary status quo; Smart Metering. Zwischen technischer Herausforderung und gesellschaftlicher Akzeptanz - Interdisziplinaerer Status Quo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Westermann, Dirk; Doering, Nicola; Bretschneider, Peter (eds.)


    The international research project RESIDENS (more efficient energy utilization by means of system technical integration of the private ultimate consumer) investigates the technology of smart metering that is the utilization of intelligent smart meters in private households. The interdisciplinary character of the RESIDENS project becomes visible by different sub-projects examining different formulations of a question from perspectives of different scientific disciplines: First of all, chapter 2 of the contribution under consideration follows up the question, what impact the media coverage on smart metering has on the perception of this technology in the population at large. Chapter 3 reports on the state of the art of the smart metering. Chapter 4 illustrates how a load control of private consumers can be performed by means of the smart meter technology. Chapter 5 reports on the impacts of the smart metering on the procurement of energy in the liberalised energy market. Chapter 6 investigates the smart metering from the customer's point of view. Concretely, the user-friendliness of an internet portal is evaluated by which the customers may follow up their consumption of electricity by means of an intelligent smart meter continuously. Chapter 7 illustrates legal aspects of smart metering from the perspective of the customer, electricity suppliers and distribution system operators. Chapter 8 presents the conception and implementation of an online gaming operation for the promotion of competency of private power customers: In line with this game, the participants may learn to handle smart metering and flexible electricity tariffs in an entertaining manner. Finally, chapter 9 reports on an expert interview in which the smart metering technology is evaluated by public utilities being involved in this project.

  10. Customer relationship management. Part 1. The Status Quo. The replacement of old customer information systems; Beheer van klantenrelaties bij energiebedrijven. Deel 1. Status Quo. Oude klanteninformatiesystemen vervangen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kramer-Jansen, K.A.P.C.; Van Rheenen, F.L.P.M. [Paul Postma Marketing Consultancy, Utrecht (Netherlands); Jonkman, F. [Ernst and Young, Rotterdam (Netherlands)


    Deregulation of the energy market also changes the nature of customer contacts of the energy distribution companies. The way customers' data are recorded by the energy company has to comply with demands different from the past. Customer information systems have to fit in better with the customer's wishes and preferences. In the next few months the magazine Gas will present a series of articles covering the selection of new customer information systems. In this first part an overview is given of the software packages currently available on the Dutch market. The feature also discusses the considerations that are involved in selecting a new information system. The main element is that the energy company, before a new system is chosen, should think about new strategies of approaching customers and about the corporate processes that have to be adapted to such new strategies.

  11. Italiano come lingua straniera--Status quo, Bedarf und Beduerfnis (Italian as a Foreign Language--Status Quo, Demand, and Need). (United States)

    Schroeder, oonrad


    The need for competence in Italian is not met by the curriculum of "general education" schools; at the adult level the situation is better. Statistics are given. Besides this objective indication of demand, a need is revealed by a questionnaire, administered to university beginners in various cities. (IFS/WGA)

  12. Medición "in situ" de la permeabilidad al aire del hormigón: status quo Concrete air permeability "in situ "test status quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ebensperger


    Full Text Available Los autores han estado involucrados en la creación y primeros ensayos y desarrollos del llamado "Método Torrent" para medir la permeabilidad al aire del hormigón. Transcurridos más de 15 años de ese trabajo fundacional, el artículo presenta una revisión de la evolución y estado de situación del método, incluido como Norma Oficial Suiza en 2003. Se presentan ejemplos de su aplicación en laboratorio y en obras (puentes, túneles, etc., con datos de valores medidos, provenientes de distintos países del mundo. Se presentan correlaciones entre el coeficiente de permeabilidad al aire kT y otros indicadores de durabilidad, tales como la migración de cloruros (ASTM C1202 y la penetración de agua a presión (EN 12390-8 o por capilaridad. Finalmente se discuten sus perspectivas de uso futuro, como herramienta de control de calidad de estructuras nuevas, con las importantes implicancias que ello acarreará, así como de diagnóstico de estructuras existentes.The authors have been involved in the creation, preliminary tests and development of the "Torrent Method", which is intended to test air permeability in concrete. It's been more than 15 years since such foundational research and, now, this paper presents a review of the evolution and current situation of the Method, included in the Switzerland standards in 2003. Application examples conducted in laboratory and civil works (bridges, tunnels, and so on are introduced, including data from different countries worldwide. Correlations between the air permeability coefficient kT and other durability indicators, such as chloride migration (ASTM C1202, penetration of water under pressure (EN 12390-8 or capillary action are presented. Finally the future prospective uses are discussed, as quality control tool for new structures, considering relevant implications they would lead to, as well as the diagnosis on existing structures.

  13. "Quo vadis", Europa? Uma pergunta que não quer calar "Quo vadis", Europe? A question that will not go away

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia de Camargo


    Full Text Available Dois temas básicos são discutidos e examinados neste trabalho: a incorporação de dez novos membros aos quadros da União Européia e a constitucionalização de sua estrutura jurídico-institucional. Para tanto, proponho-me, de um lado, a reconstituir os passos político-institucionais que cobrem o período que vai de uma Europa do pós-guerra, fragmentada e enfraquecida, a uma Europa pós-Guerra Fria, pronta para se estender a todo o continente, processo que se abre em maio de 2004 com a incorporação de dez Estados vindos do Leste Europeu; de outro, a reproduzir o debate institucional entre uma Europa federal e uma Europa de Estados, o qual levou a que, em junho de 2003, fosse apresentado ao Conselho Europeu reunido em Salônica o projeto do novo Tratado da União e, em dezembro de 2003, fosse discutido, na Cúpula de Chefes de Estado da UE, reunida em Bruxelas, o texto da primeira Constituição para a Europa.Two basic themes are discussed and examined in this paper: the incorporation of ten new members into the European Union frame and the creation of institutional-legal structure supported by a Constitution. To do so, I propose, on one hand, to reconstitute the political-institutional steps which covered the period coming from post-war Europe, fragmented and weakened, to a post-Cold War Europe ready to spread throughout the continent. This process began in May 2004 with the incorporation of ten States of Eastern Europe. On the other hand, I intend to reproduce the institutional debate between a Federal Europe and a Europe of States, debate which conducted to the presentation to the European Council of the project of the new Treaty of the Union, which met in Salonika, in June 2003; second, to the discussion of the text of the first European Constitution, in the Summit of Heads of States of EU, held in Brussels, December 2003.

  14. Cyber Crime & Cyber War – "Part of the Game": Cyber Security, Quo Vadis?


    Karl H. Stingeder


    Welche Rolle spielt Cyber Crime gegenwärtig? Was unterscheidet Cyber Crime von Cyber War? Wie muss Cyber Security gestaltet sein, um effektiven Schutz nachhaltig zu gewährleisten? Cyber Crime-Aktivitäten kennzeichnen sich häufig durch eine einfache Zugänglichkeit von betrügerischem Know-How und technischen Hilfsmitteln. Bedingt durch eine schleppende und mangelhafte Umsetzung von koordinierten Gegenmaßnahmen, resultieren Cyber-Delikte in einem Low-Risk und High-Reward Szenario für Cyber-Krimi...

  15. Quo Vadis the B.A. degree: Perceptions and visions1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette L. Combrink


    Full Text Available Today is a very special day for all the graduates assembled to have a B.A. degree conferred on them. It is a day on which to celebrate the reward for hard work and for realized dreams. This is a very homogeneous group of people - in the sense that they will be receiving B.A. degrees, and for that reason it would be highly apposite to share some cherished thought and ideas about the B.A. degree.

  16. Quo Vadis, Opvoeder?: Die stigting van S.A.V.B.O.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. C. Schutte


    Full Text Available In die afgelope dekades is daar op die terrein van onderwys en opvoeding nogal heelwat tot stand gebring deur nuwe benaderings, klemverlegging, internasionale bevrugting, veral as die gevolg van uitgebreide navorsing.

  17. SLCE Partnering with Social Justice Collectives to Dismantle the Status Quo (United States)

    Augustine, Sarah; Lopez, Daniela; McNaron, Harold; Starke, Elizabeth; Van Gund, Brian


    "Service-learning" is a multilayered term with a complex historical evolution. In the last two decades, service-learning and community engagement (SLCE) have flourished in higher education as staff, faculty, and students have realized it can be a high-impact teaching and learning practice to promote student learning and development.…

  18. Quo vadis, trophoblast? Exploring the new ways of an old cell lineage. (United States)

    Drewlo, Sascha; Armant, D Randall


    Trophoblast cells are the first embryonic lineage to differentiate during human development, and are needed to sustain fetal life through their role in constructing a placenta. As the fetus grows, the trophoblast rapidly expands and further differentiates to produce an extravillous subtype that invades the maternal tissues. Some of the extravillous trophoblast cells find their way into the reproductive tract, and can be safely captured by noninvasive collection from the endocervical canal, similarly to a Pap smear. We are developing a new technology for investigating trophoblast cells residing in the cervix to better understand their development, and to glean information from them about pregnancy status. Trophoblast retrieval and isolation from the cervix (TRIC) efficiently isolates hundreds of trophoblast cells without limitations due to early gestational age, maternal obesity, or uteroplacental insufficiency disorders. Cells that appear to be extravillous trophoblast, based on their molecular phenotype, can be purified from Pap smears obtained between 5 and 20 weeks of gestation, using magnetic nanoparticles coupled to an antibody recognizing HLA-G that they specifically produce. Information about fetal genotype and adverse pregnancy outcomes has been obtained using TRIC, and could one day provide assessment of maternal and fetal risk of disease. As perinatal interventions for placental disorders and inherited congenital disorders emerge, TRIC could provide a key diagnostic tool for personalize precision pregnancy management. Copyright © 2017 IFPA, Elsevier Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  19. [Paediatric Rehabilitation by the German Pension Insurance - Status Quo and Future Developments]. (United States)

    Widera, T; Baumgarten, E; Druckenmüller, A; Niehues, C


    In Germany inpatient rehabilitation plays a major role for the treatment of children and adolescents with chronic health conditions. The German Pension Insurance carries out the rehabilitation of children and adolescents with high commitment. Paediatric rehabilitation enables children to go to kindergarten and school without interruption and participate in later professional life. The article specifies the basics of paediatric rehabilitation, describes the disease structure, defines the therapeutic care and explicates survey results. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. [Health services research in Germany--status quo in the field of oral health]. (United States)

    Schütte, Ursula; Kirch, Wilhelm; Walter, Michael


    Within the last years, health services research has gained increasing attention in Germany. This trend could also be observed in dentistry although this research field must be considered rather young. The methodical approach of health services research is complementary to the traditional clinical research paradigm. The latter focuses on the comprehension of causal mechanisms and the efficacy of interventions under ideal and standardized study conditions. In contrast to that, health services research focuses on the effectiveness under everyday conditions and the efficacy in the normal course of medical care. In the field of dentistry, various investigations exist that belong to that area of research in a broader sense. Articles in professional dental journals deal increasingly with topics related to health services research. Political discussions look in that subject more frequently. Concrete results, however, are rare and limited to selected aspects. At the beginning of 2005, the reimbursement policy of the German health insurance funds relative to prosthetic treatment changed completely. The resulting consequences are unknown and unexplored. Dramatic changes are to be expected. This clearly exemplifies the significance of scientific evaluations when changing key aspects of daily health care. Hence it can be said that dental health services research in Germany is not sufficiently established yet. It can be assumed that the cumulating problems to be expected within the health care system will lead to an increasing demand for the respective research.

  1. Maintaining the Violent Status Quo: The Political Economy of the Colombian Insurgency (United States)


    army also undertook civic action programs such as construction of water wells and potable water systems, literacy training programs, development of...sus corregimientos; Puerto Coca, Tiquisio Nuevo, Ventura, Quebrada del Medio, Dos Bocas, Colorado, Caño Guacamayo, Solís, Aguas Negras, Puerto Rico

  2. The threat of litigation: Private obstetric care – quo vadis? | Howarth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Because of changes in litigation frequency and estimated claims value, indemnity costs for South African obstetricians have increased sharply and may soon become virtually unaffordable. There is the real possibility of very serious public health consequences and it is important that the matter is addressed as a matter of ...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Yeti Puspita


    Full Text Available The threats of natural disasters may happen anytime without recognizing national borders. Southeast Asia is an area which is prone to natural disasters. Every year ASEAN both as an interna-tional organization and its members encounter challenges to natural disaster management which is frequently beyond the country capability. This study is descriptive-analytic normative legal research which focuses on the secondary data as the main data. The finding of this study reveals that country is the main actor in natural disaster management based on primary state responsibility principles. The role of ASEAN is only limited to coordinate and facilitate cooperation among parties in providing humanitarian assistance when the natural disaster occurs. The aid has to get approval from the country which suffers from natural disaster. The role of ASEAN is conducted by AHA Center based on AADMER implemented on 2009. Keywords: ASEAN, Southeast Asia, natural disaster management

  4. Status Quo and Prospective of WeChat in Improving Chinese English Learners' Pronunciation (United States)

    Wang, Kanghui


    With the ubiquitous usage of wireless, portable, and handheld devices gaining popularity in 21st century, the revolutionary mobile technology introduces digital new media to educational settings, which has changed the way of traditional teaching and learning. WeChat is one of the most popular social networking applications in China featured by its…

  5. Status quo der plastisch-rekonstruktiven Chirurgie aus der Sicht der Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heiland, Max


    Full Text Available The prior aim of facial plastic-reconstructive surgery was and will be the adequate restitution of appearance and function so that patients with trauma- or tumorassociated defects as well as congenital malformations can be successfully rehabilitated. Nowadays, three major techniques are used to achieve this goal: local flaps, pedicled flaps and microsurgical flaps. This overview article describes in detail the three major techniques of facial plastic reconstructive surgery from past to present and gives an outlook on upcoming new techniques like the virtual planning of reconstructive measures.

  6. A prospect at 11th international Toki conference. Plasma physics, quo vadis?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itoh, Kimitaka


    A prospect of plasma physics at the turn of next century is discussed. The theme of this conference identifies the future direction of the research related with plasmas. Main issue is the potential and structure formation in plasmas; More specifically, structures which are realized through the interaction of electromagnetic fields, in particular that with electric fields, in non-equilibrium state. An emphasis is made to clarify the fundamental physics aspects of the plasma physics in fusion research as well as that in the basic research of plasmas. The plasma physics will give an important contribution to the solution of the historical enigma, i.e., all things flow. Having an impact on human recognition of nature and showing a beauty in a law, the plasma physics/science will demonstrate to be a leading science in the 21st century. (author)

  7. Sustainable Entrepreneurship Orientation: A Reflection on Status-Quo Research on Factors Facilitating Responsible Managerial Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sascha Kraus


    Full Text Available With the global financial system having undergone vast changes since the financial crisis of 2007, scientific research concerning the investor’s point of view on sustainable investments has drastically increased. However, there remains a lack of research focused on the entrepreneur’s angle regarding sustainable oriented investments. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of sustainable financial markets by bringing together entrepreneurial and financial research. This paper provides a structured literature review, based on which the authors identify three relevant levels that they believe have an effect on the successful implementation of managerial sustainable practices; these are the individual, the firm, and the contextual levels. The results show that on the individual level sustainable entrepreneurs tend to derive their will to act more sustainably from their personal values or traits. On the organizational level, though, it can be concluded that an small and medium sized enterprise’s internal culture and the reconfiguration of resources are critical determinants for adopting a sustainable entrepreneurial orientation. Finally, on the contextual level, researchers have focused on a better understanding of how entrepreneurs can help society and the environment through sustainable entrepreneurship, and how they can act as role models or change agents in light of the fact that the choice of investing or financing based on sustainability is still in its infancy. By providing an overview on facilitating factors for responsible managerial practices on the entrepreneur’s side, this research contributes to a better understanding for both theory and practice on how sustainable practices can be implemented and facilitated.

  8. Cyber Crime & Cyber War – "Part of the Game": Cyber Security, Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl H. Stingeder


    Full Text Available Welche Rolle spielt Cyber Crime gegenwärtig? Was unterscheidet Cyber Crime von Cyber War? Wie muss Cyber Security gestaltet sein, um effektiven Schutz nachhaltig zu gewährleisten? Cyber Crime-Aktivitäten kennzeichnen sich häufig durch eine einfache Zugänglichkeit von betrügerischem Know-How und technischen Hilfsmitteln. Bedingt durch eine schleppende und mangelhafte Umsetzung von koordinierten Gegenmaßnahmen, resultieren Cyber-Delikte in einem Low-Risk und High-Reward Szenario für Cyber-Kriminelle. Je organisierter und spezialisierter ein Cyber-Crime-Netzwerk gestaltet ist, desto größer wird das Schadenspotenzial. Cyber Crime ist der Überbegriff für betrügerische Aktivitäten über das Internet. Diese stützen sich auf das Vorbild von "traditionellen" Offline-Kriminalitätsverhaltensmustern, welche durch das technologische Spektrum des Internets einfach zugänglich sind. Nichtsdestoweniger ist es die technische Ausführung der Delikte, die ein wesentliches Unterscheidungsmerkmal zwischen Online- und Offline-Betrug bildet. Auch steht die für organisierte, kriminelle Verbindungen, so auch für Regierungen oder Terrororganisationen geringere Hemmschwelle für eine militärische Instrumentalisierung des Internets im Brennpunkt von Cyber Security. Erfolgen Cyber Crime Aktivitäten unter dem Anspruch der Verfolgung politischer Ziele, sprechen wir von Cyber War. Nachhaltige, gegen Cyber Crime und Cyber War gerichtete Cyber Security-Maßnahmen finden in einem hochdynamischen Umfeld statt. Cyber-Kriminelle sind im Regelfall logistisch und finanziell gut ausgestattet. Viele werden von Regierungen unterstützt. Cyber Crime-Player verfügen über weitreichende technische Fähigkeiten, sodass sie maßgeschneiderte Schadprogramme (Malware für ihre Ziele entwickeln können. Aktuell fehlt vielen Unternehmen und öffentlichen Institutionen das Bewusstsein für die Notwendigkeit von Abwehrsystemen. Ein Cyber Security-Fokus auf Präventivmaßnahmen ist weder ausreichend noch nachhaltig. What roles does cyber crime play today? What differentiates cyber crime from cyber war? How must cyber security be organized in order to effectively ensure sustainable protection? Cyber crime activities are frequently characterized by the easy accessibility of fraudulent know-how and technical means. Due to the sluggish and inadequate implementation of coordinated countermeasures, cyber crimes are a low-risk and high-reward scenario for cyber criminals. The more organized and specialized a cyber crime network, the greater the potential for damage. In fact, cyber crime is the umbrella term for fraudulent activities via the World Wide Web. These rely on the model of "traditional" offline criminal behavior patterns, which are easy to access thanks to the technological spectrum of the Internet. Nonetheless, it is the technical execution of the crime that represents a crucial distinguishing characteristic between online and offline fraud. Furthermore, from the point of view of organized crime, governments and terror groups, a lower inhibition threshold for a military exploitation of the Internet is a focal point of cyber security. As soon as cyber crime activity is the means by which to achieve political goals, it is called cyber war. Sustainable measures directed against cyber crime and cyber war take place in a highly dynamic environment. Cyber criminals are usually well-equipped in terms of logistics and financial resources. Many are supported by governments. Cyber criminals have wide-ranging technical expertise, which enables them to develop customized malware to accomplish their goals. At present, many companies and public sector entities do not fully realize how imperative defense systems are. Cyber security focus on purely preventive measures is therefore neither sufficient nor sustainable.

  9. China's "energy revolution": measuring the status quo, modelling regional dynamics and assessing global impacts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mischke, Peggy

    As the world's largest economy in transition, China plays a growing role in global energy markets, clean technology deployment and climate change negotiations. The Chinese president Xi Jinping called in June 2014 for an “energy revolution” of the country’s “energy production and consumption habits...... in light of changing dynamics in global energy markets” [Xinhua, 2014]. This highlights the strategic importance of China’s energy sector in the country’s national economic planning and its associated global impacts. China furthermore has a growing research and development budget and plays an increasing...... role in global scientific collaboration networks. A wide range of Chinese national and provincial statistics builds the foundation of this China energy sector research and allows measuring and modelling its main regional dynamics. As the quality, reliability, and availability of China’s official...

  10. The status quo of research on South Africa’s water resource management institutions

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Meissner, Richard


    Full Text Available and modelling systems, co-learning, complexity, cooperative governance, dialogue, leadership, stakeholder, community, finances, financial resources, institutional transformation, groundwater, irrigation, learning, learning organisation, National Water Act... to the National Water Act, existing IBs, water boards for stock-watering purposes as well as water control boards responsible for groundwater management will, in future, be transformed into WUAs (RSA, 1998). The transformation of IBs and related entities...

  11. Radiolabelled polymeric materials for imaging and treatment of cancer: Quo vadis?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pant, K.; Sedláček, Ondřej; Nadar, R. A.; Hrubý, Martin; Stephan, H.


    Roč. 6, č. 6 (2017), s. 1-31, č. článku 1601115. ISSN 2192-2640 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-02870S; GA ČR(CZ) GA16-03156S; GA MZd(CZ) NV16-30544A; GA MZd(CZ) NV15-25781A Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : polymers * cancer * radiodiagnosis Subject RIV: FR - Pharmacology ; Medidal Chemistry OBOR OECD: Pharmacology and pharmacy Impact factor: 5.110, year: 2016

  12. Tyre-pavement interface contact stresses on flexible pavements - quo vadis?

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, Morris


    Full Text Available on tyre inflation pressure on this route is also given. The paper also discusses an improved definition of the actual tyre/pavement interaction of modern heavy vehicles and their loads on the current flexible road infrastructure....

  13. Quo Vadis Radiotherapy? Technological Advances and the Rising Problems in Cancer Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry J. Allen


    Full Text Available Purpose. Despite the latest technological advances in radiotherapy, cancer control is still challenging for several tumour sites. The survival rates for the most deadly cancers, such as ovarian and pancreatic, have not changed over the last decades. The solution to the problem lies in the change of focus: from local treatment to systemic therapy. The aim of this paper is to present the current status as well as the gaps in radiotherapy and, at the same time, to look into potential solutions to improve cancer control and survival. Methods. The currently available advanced radiotherapy treatment techniques have been analysed and their cost-effectiveness discussed. The problem of systemic disease management was specifically targeted. Results. Clinical studies show limited benefit in cancer control from hadron therapy. However, targeted therapies together with molecular imaging could improve treatment outcome for several tumour sites while controlling the systemic disease. Conclusion. The advances in photon therapy continue to be competitive with the much more expensive hadron therapy. To justify the cost effectiveness of proton/heavy ion therapy, there is a need for phase III randomised clinical trials. Furthermore, the success of systemic disease management lies in the fusion between radiation oncology technology and microbiology.

  14. April 2009 “Tri-elections” in Malaysia: Maintaining the Status Quo


    Tunku Mohar Mokhtar


    By-elections held after the 12th general elections held on March 8, 2008 are of special significance as they indicate the level of support gained by the opposition as well as the receding popularity of the ruling coalition. The three by-elections (hence called tri-elections), one parliamentary and two state assemblies, held in April 2009 show that the composition of the federal parliament and the state assembly of Kedah and Sarawak remained the same. The PR garnered multiethnic support in the...

  15. April 2009 “Tri-elections” in Malaysia: Maintaining the Status Quo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tunku Mohar Mokhtar


    Full Text Available By-elections held after the 12th general elections held on March 8, 2008 are of special significance as they indicate the level of support gained by the opposition as well as the receding popularity of the ruling coalition. The three by-elections (hence called tri-elections, one parliamentary and two state assemblies, held in April 2009 show that the composition of the federal parliament and the state assembly of Kedah and Sarawak remained the same. The PR garnered multiethnic support in the peninsula while BN remains strong in Sarawak.

  16. April 2009 “Tri-elections” in Malaysia: Maintaining the Status Quo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tunku Mohar Mokhtar


    By-elections held after the 12th general elections held on March 8, 2008 are of special significance as they indicate the level of support gained by the opposition as well as the receding popularity...

  17. Intrauterine device quo vadis? Why intrauterine device use should be revisited particularly in nulliparous women?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wildemeersch D


    Full Text Available Dirk Wildemeersch,1 Norman Goldstuck,2 Thomas Hasskamp,3 Sohela Jandi,4 Ansgar Pett4 1Gynecological Outpatient Clinic and IUD Training Center, Ghent, Belgium; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Hospital, Western Cape, South Africa; 3GynMünster, Münster, 4Gynecological Outpatient Clinic, Berlin, Germany Background: Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC methods, including intrauterine devices (IUDs and the contraceptive implant, are considered the best methods for preventing unintended pregnancies, rapid repeat pregnancy, and abortion in young women. An opinion paper of 2012 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends Mirena and Paragard for use in nulliparous and adolescent women. However, these IUDs are not designed for young women and are not optimal as they often lead to early discontinuation. Objective: This article was written with the objective to respond to the urgent need to improve intrauterine contraception as it is likely that the objectives of LARC will not be met without significant improvement of IUD design. Anatomical variations in size and shape of the uterus are not sufficiently considered, producing harm and suffering, which often lead to early removal of the IUD. Proposed problem solving: The article describes why IUDs should be revisited to meet the challenge of LARC and proposes how to solve these problems. The opinion statement presented here may be considered provocative but is based on hundreds of women with IUD problems who consult or are referred to the practices of the authors of this article due to the disproportion between the IUD and their small uterine cavity. The solution is simple but requires a revision of the current design of IUDs. One-dimensional (longitudinal IUDs are likely to be the first option. Framed devices with shortened transverse arm and IUDs which adapt to the width of the given uterus are viewed as second best. Conclusion: One of the reasons of the high unintended pregnancy rate in the USA may be the paucity of suitable IUDs. Also, the legal climate in the USA seems to be a problem for developers as many lawsuits have recently been reported. Clinical studies conducted in young nulliparous and adolescent women suggest that IUDs that fit well in the uterine cavity, like a shoe, result in better tolerance, less side effects, and last but not least, higher use continuation rates. Keywords: IUD screening, counseling, frameless IUD/IUS, adapted IUDs, efficacy, tolerance, continuation rate



    Mariana Rodrigues Festucci Ferreira


    This paper addresses some nuances of the tragedy experienced by Antigone, contrasting it with the annihilation of the contemporary subject operated by the capitalist discourse. It states, beyond the ethics that seeks a good in accordance to the Kantian imperative, the psychoanalytic ethics –an ethics governed by the dialectics of desire, the only one possible to be determined in the analyst's praxis. For this purpose, it starts from Aristotle's concept of Ethics and then it points out what is...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Rodrigues Festucci Ferreira


    Full Text Available This paper addresses some nuances of the tragedy experienced by Antigone, contrasting it with the annihilation of the contemporary subject operated by the capitalist discourse. It states, beyond the ethics that seeks a good in accordance to the Kantian imperative, the psychoanalytic ethics –an ethics governed by the dialectics of desire, the only one possible to be determined in the analyst's praxis. For this purpose, it starts from Aristotle's concept of Ethics and then it points out what is at stake in Lacan's reading of Sophocles' play. The tragic nature of psychoanalytic ethics is here highlighted along with its relevance to rescue the contemporary subject from deletion

  20. CLASH! Superheroic yet Sensible Strategies for Teaching the New Literacies Despite the Status Quo (United States)

    Vavra, Sandra, Ed.; Spencer, Sharon L., Ed.


    This book offers ideas that secondary teachers, university content faculty, and teacher educators can use to challenge traditional literacy practices and demonstrate creative, innovative ways of incorporating new literacies into the classroom, all within a strong theoretical framework. Teachers are trying to catch up to the new challenges of the…

  1. CSR communication: Quo vadis? A systematic review of the literature and introduction to the special issue

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Golob, U.; Elving, W.; Thomsen, C.; Podnar, K.; Nielsen, A.; Schultz, F.


    This paper aims to introduce the special issue on CSR communication attached to the First International CSR Communication Conference held in Amsterdam in October 2011. The aim of the introduction is also to review CSR communication papers published in scholarly journals in order to make a summary of

  2. China's energy revolution - measuring the status quo, modelling regional dynamics & assessing global impacts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    Som verdens største økonomi under forandring, spiller Kina en stigende rolle på de globale energimarkeder og ved internationale klimaforandrings forhandlinger. Den kinesiske præsident, Xi Jinping, efterspurgte i juni 2014 en ”energi revolution” for landets ”energiproduktion og forbrugsadfærd i...... lyset af skiftende dynamikker på de globale energi markeder” [Xinhua, 2014]. Dette understreger den strategiske vigtighed af Kinas energisektor i den nationale økonomiske planlægning og den tilsvarende globale effekt. Herudover har Kina et stigende forsknings- og udviklings budget og spiller en voksende...... rolle i globale netværk af forskningssamarbejder. En bred vifte af Kinas nationale og regionale statistik bygger på grundstenene af denne forskning og tillader måling og modellering vigtige regionale dynamikker i Kinas voksende energi sektor. Eftersom kvaliteten, pålideligheden og tilgængeligheden af...

  3. [Drug-induced sedation endoscopy-quo vadis? : Review and outlook]. (United States)

    Herzog, M; Maurer, J T


    Drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) is a diagnostic procedure which allows evaluation of the collapsibility of the upper airway. According to expert opinion, it is possible to imitate nocturnal collapsibility and perform a realistic investigation of the site of obstruction and vibration. This should enable sufficient and precise therapeutic advice to be given solely on the basis of clinical assessment. The current publication critically evaluates the present state of development of DISE and its potential indications. A PubMed literature research was performed using "sleep" and "endoscopy" or "DISE" as keywords. Relevant publications were evaluated. The present publication provides a historical summary of the available publications and relates these to other methods for examining obstructive sleep apnea. The present state of DISE in terms of drugs applied, grading systems, and validity is evaluated. Indications for DISE are described and critically discussed on the basis of literature data. DISE provides deep insights into the genesis of obstructions of the upper airway and snoring. Although its value for diagnosis and treatment of sleep-disordered breathing could not yet be demonstrated for all non-CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) therapies, DISE could identify predictive parameters some methods. Further potential indications for DISE might be predictive examinations for mandibular advancement devices and respiration-synchronous neurostimulation of the hypoglossal nerve. DISE will thus remain a valuable diagnostic tool for obstructive sleep apnea and rhonchopathy.

  4. Quo Vadis, Informatics Education?--Towards a More Up-to-Date Informatics Education (United States)

    Zsakó, László; Horváth, Gyozo


    Informatics education has been in a cul-de-sac for several years (not only in Hungary), being less and less able to meet the needs of the industry and higher education. In addition, the latest PISA survey shows that--to put it a little strongly--the majority of the x-, y- and z generations are digital illiterates. The aim of this paper to examine…

  5. Analysis of the Status Quo of Humanistic Quality-Oriented Education in Medical Colleges and Universities (United States)

    Liu, Shulei; Li, Yamin


    With transformation of contemporary modern medical educational modes and improvement of requirement upon doctors' humanistic quality, it seems quite important to strengthen humanistic quality-oriented education in medical colleges and universities. Medical humanistic quality-oriented education in China started late, which determines that there are…

  6. The European Status Quo in legal recognition and patient-care services of occupational skin cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, C; Salavastru, C; Agner, T


    BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in Caucasian populations worldwide and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is known for being the number one carcinogen. As, especially in outdoor workers, UVR is an inevitable carcinogen, the prevention and management of UVR-related skin cancers in t...

  7. Álcool combustível e biodiesel no Brasil: quo vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Fernando Paulillo


    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é fazer uma análise das cadeias agroenergéticas do álcool combustível e do biodiesel no Brasil, à guisa do referencial neocorporativista. Como resultado, um dos desafios da cadeia brasileira do álcool é apurar as dimensões do mercado externo e interno de álcool que se vislumbram, para viabilizar um planejamento estratégico de expansão da oferta de cana e de álcool. Já a cadeia do biodiesel depende, assim como o Proálcool em seus primórdios, de um paradigma subvencionista em sua fase inicial. Seu futuro está atrelado ao comportamento do preço do petróleo e da direção que irá tomar a orquestração de interesses em torno do biodiesel.The objective of this study is to make an analysis of the agro-energy chains of the alcohol fuel and bio-diesel, based on the neo-corporativism reference. As a result, one of the challenges of the Brazilian alcohol chain is to select the dimensions of the external and internal market of alcohol that comes out, to make possible a strategically planning of expansion of the offer for sugar cane and alcohol. And the chain of bio-diesel depends, as well as the Proalcohol in its genesis, on a subvention paradigm in its initial phase. Its future depends on the behavior of oil price and on the direction that the orchestra of interests around bio-diesel.

  8. QUO VADIS PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP KORBAN MELALUI RESTITUSI (Perspektif Filsafat, Teori, Norma dan Praktek Penerapannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Suhariyanto


    Full Text Available Restitusi merupakan salah satu bentuk perlindungan hukum terhadap korban yang berorientasi pada pemulihan korban, dimana pelaku melalui pertanggungjawaban pidananya mengganti kerugian korban. Secara normatif, pengaturan restitusi dalam hukum positif masih belum tersinergikan dengan baik. Implikasinya, dalam hal penerapannya mengalami kendala berupa ketidaksingkronan struktur hukum. Dalam perspektif teori sistem peradilan pidana terpadu, ketidakharmonisan substansi hukum dan ketidaksingkronan struktur hukum ini hares segera dibenahi. Pembenahan fundamental dilakukan melalui Re-Filosofi pemidanaan dengan menjadikan restitusi sebagai pidana pokok dan memberikan posisi barn bagi korban dalam sistem peradilan pidana mendatang berdasarkan filsafat restoratifjustice. Restitution is a form of legal protection form for victims of victim recovery oriented. Normatively, on the positive law, restitution has not been cooperated well yet. Consequenly, the application of the restitution had a problem, specifically unsynchronized legal structure. Under the integrated criminal justice system perspective, legal structure and legal substance disharmony need to be reorganized (regulated. A fundamental arrangement will be done by rephylosophy some punishment, than make restitution become a prinsipal (maincriminal and giving a new position for the victim to the later integrated criminal justice system based on the phylosophy of restoratifjustice.

  9. Two Decades after the Rio Earth Summit: Sustainable Development Quo Vadis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korinna Horta


    Full Text Available The world’s most influential development agency, the World Bank Group (WBG, is the leading actor in development finance and plays a central role in global efforts to protect the environment. Following the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, the institution was responsible for all investment projects of the Global Environment Facility (GEF, which was then newly established to serve as the interim financial mechanism for the United Nations Conventions on Climate Change and Biodiversity. The promise that the GEF would lead to the “greening” of development finance remains largely unfulfilled.More recently the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change appointed the WBG as the interim trustee of the new Green Climate Fund which plans to mobilize an estimated US$ 100 billion per year by 2020.While the World Bank Group plays this critical role in global environmental efforts, its main business continues to be lending for development. This includes the financing of large-scale infrastructure projects, agribusiness, large dams as well as investments in gas, oil and mining. This regular lending portfolio for development is often at odds with environmental sustainability. For example, despite the growing area of climate finance, support for fossil fuel projects continues to be dominant in the institution’s lending for the energy sector. Another climate-related area is the World Bank’s pioneering role in advancing REDD+, an initiative designed to reduce the emission of global green house gases by integrating efforts to protect forest areas into global carbon markets. Ultimately, its success will depend on addressing sensitive questions such as land ownership, forest governance and the equitable sharing of benefits.In conclusion the paper considers the underlying corporate culture and the difficulties in reconciling environmental and social sustainability with the institution’s supply-side driven focus on meeting lending targets.

  10. [Quo vadis cardiologia? Or: An nescis, mi fili, quantilla prudentia mundus regatur? (Pope Julius III)]. (United States)

    Kübler, W


    In order to recognize and to solve problems, a look in the future is essential despite many uncertainties. Besides sound bed side-teaching, the main aim in the education of the students should be to acquire self-responsiveness and an attitude of permanent learning. It is more than doubtful whether the high expectations of health politicians will be met to limit the cost of in-patient treatment by introducing diagnosis-related groups in combination with evidence-based medicine, as this method has several severe limitations in order to fulfill this duty. The new financial system based on diagnosis-related groups will be in favor of private investors compared to the government-dependent university hospitals. The changing population pyramid implies not only higher costs but in addition severe medical problems. Within the changing society, alterations in the patient's behavior are to be expected. Several factors will contribute to make the doctor's profession less attractive. In the developing countries a rapid increase in the non-communicative diseases, i.e., in coronary heart disease, has to be expected. Apart from the prolongation of life - especially during its terminal phase - it is mainly the allocation of resources between industrialized and developing countries which will determine the ethical discussion. Germany has lost its leading position of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century in medical sciences. This was based on the liberal university system introduced by Wilhelm von Humboldt. Several pioneering innovations of German cardiologists during the 20th century have not strengthened German industry - in contrast to the situation in the 19th century. The general conditions in Germany, which are not research oriented, have prompted the majority of the pharmaceutical firms to transfer their research activities into foreign countries. In addition Germany's cardiological research has lost basic sciences partners for clinically orientated basic research, as many institutes which formerly worked in the cardiovascular field, are now devoted to other specialties. Restrictive legal regulations--such as the law regulating working hours, anti-corruption laws and the new legal university framework--are not conducive to internationally competitive research. Creative and innovative research requires liberal general conditions and cannot be planed.

  11. Radiolabelled Polymeric Materials for Imaging and Treatment of Cancer: Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Pant, Kritee; Sedláček, Ondřej; Nadar, Robin A; Hrubý, Martin; Stephan, Holger


    Owing to their tunable blood circulation time and suitable plasma stability, polymer-based nanomaterials hold a great potential for designing and utilising multifunctional nanocarriers for efficient imaging and effective treatment of cancer. When tagged with appropriate radionuclides, they may allow for specific detection (diagnosis) as well as the destruction of tumours (therapy) or even customization of materials, aiming to both diagnosis and therapy (theranostic approach). This review provides an overview of recent developments of radiolabelled polymeric nanomaterials (natural and synthetic polymers) for molecular imaging of cancer, specifically, applying nuclear techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Different approaches to radiolabel polymers are evaluated from the methodical radiochemical point of view. This includes new bifunctional chelating agents (BFCAs) for radiometals as well as novel labelling methods. Special emphasis is given to eligible strategies employed to evade the mononuclear phagocytic system (MPS) in view of efficient targeting. The discussion encompasses promising strategies currently employed as well as emerging possibilities in radionuclide-based cancer therapy. Key issues involved in the clinical translation of radiolabelled polymers and future scopes of this intriguing research field are also discussed. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Quo vadis integrated testing strategies? Experiences and observations from the work floor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gabbert, S.G.M.; Benighaus, C.


    Integrated testing strategies (ITSs) have received much attention as promising tools for more resource-efficient hazard and risk assessment of chemicals and for reducing animal use in toxicological testing. The usage of ITSs crucially depends on their acceptance and application by various

  13. 25 CFR 38.13 - Status quo employees in education positions. (United States)


    ... reasonable period, but not to exceed 30 days from receipt of the request. Failure of the school board to act... tribe or school board waives the Indian preference law, the employee loses the early-out retirement... permanent side of his/her Official Personnel Folder, along with the tribal resolution, if the tribe/school...

  14. Job satisfaction of radiologists in Germany. Status quo; Berufszufriedenheit von Radiologen in Deutschland. Aktueller Stand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beitzel, K.I.; Grosse, C.; Reiser, M.; Ertl-Wagner, B. [Klinikum der Univ. Muenchen LMU, Grosshadern (Germany). Inst. fuer Kliniksche Radiologie; Ertl, L. [Klinikum der Univ. Muenchen LMU, Grosshadern (Germany). Inst. fuer Neuroradiologie


    Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the work-related satisfaction of radiologists and its influencing factors in Germany. Materials and Methods: For this purpose an invitational letter for an online opinion survey was sent to all member physicians of the Deutsche Roentgengesellschaft in 2008. 1200 questionnaires were completed (response rate 21 %) and evaluated statistically. Results: 81.7 % of radiologists declared themselves as being 'very' or 'rather satisfied'. The level of satisfaction was largely independent of age, gender, status, salary or family status. It increased over the last 5 years for 37.5 % of participants and decreased for 24.8 %. Nevertheless, 72 % of respondents indicated that they would not choose to specialize in radiology again. The main reason given was the workload. 65.6 % deemed it to be 'considerably' or 'rather too high'. Concomitantly, more than 70 % of respondents indicated that the workload had increased 'a lot' or 'rather'. Further reasons for not wanting to select the radiological profession again were 'unfavorable working hours' and 'unsatisfactory career perspectives'. Conclusion: The job satisfaction of radiologists in Germany is generally very high in spite of the perception of an extensive and frequently increasing workload. The high workload was the dominant factor against a renewed selection of the field of radiology. These data have to be interpreted in light of the current lack of residents and trained radiologists in Germany to counteract the trend toward emigration. (orig.)

  15. Maintaining the violent status quo : the political economy of the Colombian insurgency


    Beckley, Paul A.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The Colombian government has been unable to deal with its internal insurgency over the past forty years and as a result faces an increasingly violent situation today. This thesis seeks to understand how the interests of different elite actors have historically shaped the Colombian government's response to the insurgency, in an effort to break the stalemate that continues to undermine a unified elite response to their internal crisis. ...

  16. Quo Vadis Clozapine? A Bibliometric Study of 45 Years of Research in International Context. (United States)

    López-Muñoz, Francisco; Sanz-Fuentenebro, Javier; Rubio, Gabriel; García-García, Pilar; Álamo, Cecilio


    We have carried out a bibliometric study about the international scientific publications on clozapine. We have used the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases, and we applied bibliometric indicators of production, as Price's Law on the increase of scientific literature. We also calculated the participation index (PI) of the different countries. The bibliometric data have also been correlated with some social and health data from the 12 most productive countries in biomedicine and health sciences. In addition, 5607 original documents dealing with clozapine, published between 1970 and 2013, were downloaded. Our results state non-fulfilment of Price's Law, with scientific production on clozapine showing linear growth (r=0.8691, vs. r=0.8478 after exponential adjustment). Seven of the 12 journals with the highest numbers of publications on clozapine have an Impact Factor>2. Among the countries generating clozapine research, the most prominent is the USA (PI=24.32), followed by the UK (PI=6.27) and Germany (PI=5.40). The differences among countries on clozapine research are significantly related to economic variables linked to research. The scientific interest in clozapine remains remarkable, although after the application of bibliometric indicators of production, a saturation point is evident in the growth of scientific literature on this topic.

  17. Promoting "Learner Voice" in VET: Developing Democratic, Transformative Possibilities or Further Entrenching the Status Quo? (United States)

    Angus, Lawrence; Golding, Barry; Foley, Annette; Lavender, Peter


    In order to critique the notion of "learner voice" in vocational education and training (VET) policy, this paper draws from a project conducted by the authors on behalf of the Australian National VET Equity Advisory Council (NVEAC). The term "learner voice" is used extensively throughout NVEAC documentation to describe the…

  18. Quo vadis, carbon? High resolution tracing of xylem and phloem carbon transport and release in trees (United States)

    Ingrisch, J.; Bloemen, J.; Bahn, M.


    Carbon (C) allocation defines the flows of C between plant organs, and between storage pools and metabolic processes and is therefore considered an important determinant of ecosystem C budgets and their responses to climate change. In trees, assimilates derived from leaf photosynthesis are transported as sugars via the phloem to above- and below-ground sink tissues, where partitioning between growth, storage, and respiration occurs. At the same time, above- and below-ground respired CO2 can be dissolved in water and transported in the xylem tissue, thereby representing a transport pathway opposite to the downward transport of sugars along the phloem. So far, it is unclear to what extent these transport pathways interact, for instance by lateral transport of C, and contribute to above- and belowground respiratory fluxes to the atmosphere. We performed a combined canopy and stem infusion 13C labeling study on six year old potted oak (Quercus rubra) trees to trace C transport along the phloem and xylem, respectively, in order to investigate the role of both transport pathways in C allocation. In addition, high-resolution laser-based measurements of the isotopic composition of stem and soil CO2 efflux were used to monitor the contribution of both pathways to respiratory fluxes. Additional tissue analysis was performed to analyze the occurrence of lateral transport of C between the phloem and xylem transport pathway. Our results will permit disentangling the contribution of metabolic versus xylem and phloem transport processes to stem and soil CO2 efflux and give insight into lateral C transport between xylem and phloem in trees.

  19. Positron Emission Tomography-Determined Hyperemic Flow, Myocardial Flow Reserve, and Flow Gradient-Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Leucker, Thorsten M; Valenta, Ines; Schindler, Thomas Hellmut


    Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) applied with positron-emitting flow tracers such as (13)N-ammonia and (82)Rubidium enables the quantification of both myocardial perfusion and myocardial blood flow (MBF) in milliliters per gram per minute for coronary artery disease (CAD) detection and characterization. The detection of a regional myocardial perfusion defect during vasomotor stress commonly identifies the culprit lesion or most severe epicardial narrowing, whereas adding regional hyperemic MBFs, myocardial flow reserve (MFR), and/or longitudinal flow decrease may also signify less severe but flow-limiting stenosis in multivessel CAD. The addition of regional hyperemic flow parameters, therefore, may afford a comprehensive identification and characterization of flow-limiting effects of multivessel CAD. The non-specific origin of decreases in hyperemic MBFs and MFR, however, prompts an evaluation and interpretation of regional flow in the appropriate context with the presence of obstructive CAD. Conversely, initial results of the assessment of a longitudinal hyperemic flow gradient suggest this novel flow parameter to be specifically related to increases in CAD caused epicardial resistance. The concurrent assessment of myocardial perfusion and several hyperemic flow parameters with PET/CT may indeed open novel avenues of precision medicine to guide coronary revascularization procedures that may potentially lead to a further improvement in cardiovascular outcomes in CAD patients.

  20. Simulation-based Validation of Smart Grids - Status Quo and Future Research Trends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinbrink, C.; Lehnhoff, S.; Rohjans, S.


    Smart grid systems are characterized by high complexity due to interactions between a traditional passive network and active power electronic components, coupled using communication links. Additionally, automation and information technology plays an important role in order to operate and optimize...... and for larger system configurations laboratory-based testing is not always an option. Due to recent developments, simulation-based approaches are now an appropriate tool to support the development, implementation, and rollout of smart grid solutions. This paper discusses the current state of simulation...

  1. Statement to follow quo vadimus—hydrology by Z.W. Kundzewicz (United States)

    Meier, Mark

    Professor Kundzewicz has given us a well-reasoned overview of hydrology today, and he mentions some of the major problems that are likely to confront us in the future. He dwells mainly with philosophical concerns within the field today, and I fully agree with his assessment of such concerns as: the schism in hydrology between the desire to advance the basic science versus the engaging pressures to solve immediate problems, the problems of scale and aggregation, the emerging recognition of the need to take a more global view of hydrology including the oceans, the difficulties inherent in working in such an interdisciplinary environment, and the credibility problem involved with the use of existing empirical methods and models. Many of these concerns relate to hydrology as a study of water resources, but the field is broader; it is a basic, global, environmental science. It is difficult in a short paper to summarize the present and future state of a broad and vigorous area such as the hydrological sciences. This is particularly true because of the interdisciplinary nature of hydrology. It would be far simpler to discuss where we are going in groundwater modeling, or in flood analysis and prediction, or in soil water biochemistry, or in glacier dynamics, or in anyone of many other relatively compact disciplines. Thus Professor Kundzewicz' paper tends to be rather general and philosophic in tone, and my remarks must be of a similar vein.

  2. [Research status quo and progression in targeted therapy for advanced gastric cancer]. (United States)

    Feng, Rui; Zhang, Xiaotian; Yang, Sheng


    With the deeper research of the proliferation, invasion and metastasis mechanisms of the gastric cancer, targeted therapy has become a hot spot in this field. The exploration of targeted agents for gastric cancer is mainly concentrated upon the drugs that target human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/mTOR) and the NF-κB signaling pathways. The targeted drugs relevant to HER family include the Cetuximab, Nimotuzumab, Matuzumab, Panitumumab and Erlotinib which are aimed at HER-1, the Trastuzumab, Pertuzumab and T-DM1 (trastuzumab emtansine) which are aimed at HER-2, and the Lapatinib and Afatinib which are the multi-target agents of HER. The agents which target VEGF signaling pathway include the anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody (Bevacizumab), the anti-VEGFR drugs (Ramucirumab, Apatinib, Sorafenib, Sunitinib and cediranib), and the recombinant fusion protein (Aflibercept). The LY294002, BEZ235 and Everolimus which are aimed at PI3K/mTOR signaling pathway have shown great promise. Bortezomib has been researched more as a new agent which targets NF-κB signaling pathway. Currently, only Trastuzumab, Ramucirumab and Apatinib have been completed the stage 3 clinical trials and succeeded. In future, researches should focus on multi-target agents or applications in combination treatment. This review collects the recent researches and the clinical trials to summarize the current state and progress of research on gastric cancer targeted therapy.

  3. National Service Framework for long-term conditions--Quo vadis. (United States)

    Pickard, J D; White, B


    There is widespread dismay over the fate of the NSF for Long-term Conditions after all the efforts by so many people in securing its publication only one year ago in March 2005. In order to help to avoid its premature demise, the British Journal of Neurosurgery is pleased to provide a forum for the rapid publication of original papers and reviews that might help to catalyse the NSF's rational implementation. The first two of such papers are published in this Volume.

  4. The international spine registry SPINE TANGO: status quo and first results. (United States)

    Melloh, Markus; Staub, Lukas; Aghayev, Emin; Zweig, Thomas; Barz, Thomas; Theis, Jean-Claude; Chavanne, Albert; Grob, Dieter; Aebi, Max; Roeder, Christoph


    With an official life time of over 5 years, Spine Tango can meanwhile be considered the first international spine registry. In this paper we present an overview of frequency statistics of Spine Tango for demonstrating the genesis of questionnaire development and the constantly increasing activity in the registry. Results from two exemplar studies serve for showing concepts of data analysis applied to a spine registry. Between 2002 and 2006, about 6,000 datasets were submitted by 25 centres. Descriptive analyses were performed for demographic, surgical and follow-up data of three generations of the Spine Tango surgery and follow-up forms. The two exemplar studies used multiple linear regression models to identify potential predictor variables for the occurrence of dura lesions in posterior spinal fusion, and to evaluate which covariates influenced the length of hospital stay. Over the study period there was a rise in median patient age from 52.3 to 58.6 years in the Spine Tango data pool and an increasing percentage of degenerative diseases as main pathology from 59.9 to 71.4%. Posterior decompression was the most frequent surgical measure. About one-third of all patients had documented follow-ups. The complication rate remained below 10%. The exemplar studies identified "centre of intervention" and "number of segments of fusion" as predictors of the occurrence of dura lesions in posterior spinal fusion surgery. Length of hospital stay among patients with posterior fusion was significantly influenced by "centre of intervention", "surgeon credentials", "number of segments of fusion", "age group" and "sex". Data analysis from Spine Tango is possible but complicated by the incompatibility of questionnaire generations 1 and 2 with the more recent generation 3. Although descriptive and also analytic studies at evidence level 2++ can be performed, findings cannot yet be generalised to any specific country or patient population. Current limitations of Spine Tango include the low number and short duration of follow-ups and the lack of sufficiently detailed patient data on subgroup levels. Although the number of participants is steadily growing, no country is yet represented with a sufficient number of hospitals. Nevertheless, the benefits of the project for the whole spine community become increasingly visible.

  5. Status quo and future research challenges on organic food quality determination with focus on laboratory methods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kahl, J.; Bodroza-Solarov, M.; Busscher, N.; Hajslova, J.; Kneifel, W.; Kokornaczyk, M.O.; Ruth, van S.M.; Schulzova, V.; Stolz, P.


    Organic food quality determination needs multi-dimensional evaluation tools. The main focus is on the authentication as an analytical verification of the certification process. New fingerprinting approaches such as ultra-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry, gas chromatography–mass

  6. Attention as a Variable in Communication Research--The Status Quo. (United States)

    Fletcher, James E.

    The author reviews and evaluates the principal theoretical measures of attention categorized in three areas: self-report measures, operant behavioral measures, and psychophysiological measures. Self-report measures include a variety of rating scales, interest and attitude scales, Krugman's "number of 'connections,'" and program audience analyzers.…

  7. Freedom of Contract in the Post-Crisis Era: Quo Vadis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cherednychenko, O.O.


    This article explores to what extent the future development of European financial services contract law will be determined by the information paradigm in the post-crisis era. By using the examples from the field of investment services and consumer credit, it shows that the regulatory measures

  8. Entrenchment of the Status Quo in the Arab-Israeli Conflict (United States)


    Hebraic tribe leaves Babylo- nia to wander in the land of Canaan. Joseph takes the Jews to Egypt . Pharaohs enslave them. 1200-1100: Moses leads the Jews...sovereignty in ancient Israel. What makes the Zionist move- ment unique from other national movements is its basis in divine promise (Genesis 15:18...34Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates." However, the Bible failed to specify where land

  9. The status quo of green-building education in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Oct 30, 2015 ... management; architecture; quantity surveying, construction management, and urban planning. The intention of ... designers and architects) stated that sustainable design was not studied, whereas they were at a .... to modernise curricula in order to embed contemporary issues of sustainability (El-Deghaidy, ...

  10. Quo natas, Danio?—Recent Progress in Modeling Cancer in Zebrafish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Kirchberger


    Full Text Available Over the last decade, zebrafish has proven to be a powerful model in cancer research. Zebrafish form tumors that histologically and genetically resemble human cancers. The live imaging and cost-effective compound screening possible with zebrafish especially complement classic mouse cancer models. Here, we report recent progress in the field, including genetically engineered zebrafish cancer models, xenotransplantation of human cancer cells into zebrafish, promising approaches toward live investigation of the tumor microenvironment, and identification of therapeutic strategies by performing compound screens on zebrafish cancer models. Given the recent advances in genome editing, personalized zebrafish cancer models are now a realistic possibility. In addition, ongoing automation will soon allow high-throughput compound screening using zebrafish cancer models to be part of preclinical precision medicine approaches.

  11. Status quo and current trends of operating room management in Germany. (United States)

    Baumgart, André; Schüpfer, Guido; Welker, Andreas; Bender, Hans-Joachim; Schleppers, Alexander


    Ongoing healthcare reforms in Germany have required strenuous efforts to adapt hospital and operating room organizations to the needs of patients, new technological developments, and social and economic demands. This review addresses the major developments in German operating room management research and current practice. The introduction of the diagnosis-related group system in 2003 has changed the incentive structure of German hospitals to redesign their operating room units. The role of operating room managers has been gradually changing in hospitals in response to the change in the reimbursement system. Operating room managers are today specifically qualified and increasingly externally hired staff. They are more and more empowered with authority to plan and control operating rooms as profit centers. For measuring performance, common perioperative performance indicators are still scarcely implemented in German hospitals. In 2008, a concerted time glossary was established to enable consistent monitoring of operating room performance with generally accepted process indicators. These key performance indicators are a consistent way to make a procedure or case - and also the effectiveness of the operating room management - more transparent. In the presence of increasing financial pressure, a hospital's executives need to empower an independent operating room management function to achieve the hospital's economic goals. Operating room managers need to adopt evidence-based methods also from other scientific fields, for example management science and information technology, to further sustain operating room performance.

  12. Status quo and future prospects of the total hospital information system of a Japanese medical college. (United States)

    Yoshihara, H


    Six years have passed since the total hospital information system of Miyazaki Medical College, nicknamed PHOENIX, began its functions for the first time. It started with order entry systems, and has accomplished various systems, leaving one entry system unfinished; the injection order entry system which will be completed in the near future. It was revealed that the waiting period was most reduced at the hospital pharmacy. The waiting period for the visitors was also reduced. Usefulness of the PHOENIX system was greatly advanced by the function of a unique system of personal computer LAN, nicknamed PALM. This personal computer environments consisted of 200 or more Apple Macintosh computers. In this PALM environment, file servers, CD-ROM MEDLINE, clinical information databases, electronic mails (available in LAN and Internet) and sharing of printers are on service 24 hr a day.

  13. Challenging the Status Quo: Reclaiming Indigenous Knowledge through Namibia's Postcolonial Education System (United States)

    Matemba, Yonah H.; Lilemba, John Makala


    Although Namibia has been independent for more than two decades (1990--2014), the school curriculum remains essentially Eurocentric despite rhetoric on educational reform. Similar to other African countries, Western ideological power continues to dominate postcolonial education, even though political power rests in the hands of African leaders.…

  14. Status quo and future research challenges on organic food quality determination with focus on laboratory methods. (United States)

    Kahl, Johannes; Bodroza-Solarov, Marija; Busscher, Nicolaas; Hajslova, Jana; Kneifel, Wolfgang; Kokornaczyk, Maria Olga; van Ruth, Saskia; Schulzova, Vera; Stolz, Peter


    Organic food quality determination needs multi-dimensional evaluation tools. The main focus is on the authentication as an analytical verification of the certification process. New fingerprinting approaches such as ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, direct analysis in real time-high-resolution mass spectrometry as well as crystallization with and without the presence of additives seem to be promising methods in terms of time of analysis and detecting organic system-related parameters. For further methodological development, a system approach is recommended, which also takes into account food structure aspects. Furthermore, the authentication of processed organic samples needs more consciousness, hence most of organic food is complex and processed. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. The "New Doctorate" in Austria: Progress toward a Professional Model or Status Quo? (United States)

    Pechar, Hans; Ates, Gülay; Andres, Lesley


    Until recently, both policy direction and public awareness of the Bologna Process has been focused almost unilaterally on the introduction of the Bachelor's degree to European universities. This is understandable, as for most European countries, the Bachelor is a new academic degree. However, commencing with the Berlin Ministerial Conference…

  16. Quo Vadis ICDP? The Science Plan of the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program. (United States)

    Horsfield, Brian


    The rocks and fluids of our ever-changing planet contain heat, energy, and life as well as archived records of what has gone before. These precious relicts and living systems need to be probed, collected, monitored and analyzed. The science results obtained cover the spectrum of the earth sciences from climate change, natural hazards and earth resources to the origins of life on Earth. The need to drill has never been greater, and this requires improved coordination between the marine, terrestrial and ice-coring communities and the research and private sector communities, effectively addressing the needs of our growing population for energy, sustenance, and quality of life. The ICDP is an infrastructure for scientific drilling that facilitates outstanding science. It is the only international platform for scientific research drilling in terrestrial environments. ICDP brings together scientists and stakeholders from 24 nations to work together at the highest scientific and technical niveaux. More than 30 drilling projects and 55 planning workshops have been supported to date. It is an efficient organisation, run according to the philosophy "lean and mean", with an average annual budget of about 5 million, and further third-party drilling expenditures that more than doubles this yearly investment. Here we report on ICDP's 2013 Science Conference "Imaging the Past to Imagine our Future", held November 11-14, 2013 in Potsdam whose goal was to set the new ICDP Science Plan in motion. New insights into geoprocesses and the identification of hot topics were high on the agenda, and debated in closed sessions, via posters and through oral presentations, and where appropriate dovetailed with socio-economic challenges. The conference was used to strengthen and expand our ties with member countries, and to debate incorporating industry into selected ICDP strategic activities where it makes sense to do so (ICDP remains science-driven). In addition, the conference paved the way for outreach measures to media and policy makers. A White Paper is currently in preparation, and a Special Issue in a leading scientific journal is also underway that will provide a snapshot of the scientific framework within which ICDP operates.

  17. Islam dan Pemberontakan terhadap Status Quo: Telaah atas Pemikiran teologi Sosial Ali Syariati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhlis Mukhlis


    Full Text Available Ali Syariati, a Syiah moslem intellectual and a doctor in sociology of Islam, has written books and articles that are inspired by his Islamic internalization as a Syiah moslem. This article, through social theological perpective, is aimed at grasping sociological ideas of Syariati’s by tracing its theological and philosophical basis and his world view. It is found that his ideas are more an expression of islamic thought which are articulated in sociological terms. His ideas aimed to break the opressor-oppressed relation of Iran people at his time. The spirit of his ideas is to vanish the first and, then, awaken the second so that they are able to quit of the shackle of oppression. Those are responsible to do such a hard duty are rûshanfekr, enlightened intellectual. Qs. 28:5 and Qs. 30:1-4 and 30 are among al-Qur’an verses that inspired him and became theological arm rest of his ideas.

  18. [Swiss surgery: quo vadis? Reader and market analysis for strategic positioning of a specialty journal]. (United States)

    Freiermuth, O; Todorov, A; Bolli, M; Heberer, M


    Scientific journals currently face challenges including cost pressures caused by economic constraints, increasing rivalry among competitors, limited market potential of non-english speaking journals, increasing medical specialization with resulting market fragmentation, and internet-based competition. We therefore analyzed strategic opportunities of the journal Swiss Surgery on the basis of customer surveys and of a market analysis. Swiss surgeons expressed their interest in the continuation of the journal but also indicated their support for changes in its concept and for an increased use of electronic media. An international market analysis points-out the difficulties of national, non-english speaking journals in gaining impact points and in attracting authors and readers of scientific medical articles. Therefore, a journal such as Swiss Surgery should identify and use publication niches. The demand for a concept addressing surgical training including continuous postgraduate education was confirmed by the customers of Swiss Surgery. A corresponding offer does not presently exist in the area and could become the new focus of the journal. This change of concept may have a number of consequences: A journal focusing on surgical training and education should use the results of readers' surveys rather than impact point assignment to evaluate quality. The journal should increasingly use electronic services including data bases, pictures, videos and closed user groups to supplement the print version. At short term, however, the printed version should be continued and not be substituted by the electronic version in order to maintain the established brand "Swiss Surgery".

  19. Private Banking in Switzerland - Quo Vadis? : Joint Publication of KPMG and University of St. Gallen


    Lechner, Christoph; Kreutzer, Markus; Albert, Daniel; Boppel, Michael; Oh, Lyndon; Hempel, Glenn


    A study carried out by the University of St.Gallen and KPMG shows that private banking in Switzerland faces fundamental change. However, in the view of 30 leading private banks, the sector has really only just begun to analyze the situation and not yet launched the process of making adjustments to their business strategy. Growth will occur primarily abroad and there is a question if enough Swiss banks in their current form are well positioned to take best advantage of this trend.

  20. Quo vadis Inhaltserschließung der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek? Herausforderungen und Perspektiven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Junger


    Full Text Available Seit der Ausweitung des Pflichtexemplarrechts auf sog. unkörperliche Medienwerke im Jahr 2006 steht die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB vor der Herausforderung, über neue Wege zur Erzeugung bibliografischer Metadaten nachzudenken. Die steigende Menge an Publikationen, die es zu bearbeiten gilt, aber auch deren zunehmende Diversität, machen dies erforderlich. Für die Inhaltserschließung der DNB bedeutet das, dass andere Verfahren neben die intellektuelle Erschließung treten müssen. Die Entwicklung und Einführung automatischer Verfahren für Klassifikation und Beschlagwortung gehören ebenso dazu wie die Nutzung von Fremddaten oder die Gewinnung inhaltserschließender Daten über Konkordanzen. Dies hat Auswirkungen auf Arbeitsabläufe, Erschließungsinstrumente und -standards sowie Datenformate. Die DNB strebt ein Konzept für die Inhaltserschließung an, das zum Ziel hat, so viele Publikationen als möglich angemessen zu erschließen, um thematische Recherchen erfolgreich zu unterstützen. Since the extension of the legal deposit mandate to so-called non-physical publications in 2006, the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB has to deal with the challenge of finding new ways to create bibliographic metadata. This is due to the growing amount of publications and their increasing diversity. Consequently, in the area of subject cataloguing in DNB, intellectual cataloguing must be complemented by additional methods. These include the development and implementation of automated procedures for classification and indexing as well as the use of third party data or the production of subject data via mappings. All this has effects on the workflows, tools and standards for subject cataloguing and data formats. DNB aims at a concept for subject cataloguing which will make it possible to catalogue as many publications as possible in an appropriate way in order to successfully support topical searches

  1. Quo vadis radiotherapy? Technological advances and the rising problems in cancer management. (United States)

    Allen, Barry J; Bezak, Eva; Marcu, Loredana G


    Despite the latest technological advances in radiotherapy, cancer control is still challenging for several tumour sites. The survival rates for the most deadly cancers, such as ovarian and pancreatic, have not changed over the last decades. The solution to the problem lies in the change of focus: from local treatment to systemic therapy. The aim of this paper is to present the current status as well as the gaps in radiotherapy and, at the same time, to look into potential solutions to improve cancer control and survival. The currently available advanced radiotherapy treatment techniques have been analysed and their cost-effectiveness discussed. The problem of systemic disease management was specifically targeted. Clinical studies show limited benefit in cancer control from hadron therapy. However, targeted therapies together with molecular imaging could improve treatment outcome for several tumour sites while controlling the systemic disease. The advances in photon therapy continue to be competitive with the much more expensive hadron therapy. To justify the cost effectiveness of proton/heavy ion therapy, there is a need for phase III randomised clinical trials. Furthermore, the success of systemic disease management lies in the fusion between radiation oncology technology and microbiology.

  2. Quo Vadis? The Capability Space and New Directions for the Philosophy of Educational Research (United States)

    Hart, Caroline Sarojini


    Amartya Sen's capability approach creates an evaluative space within which individual well-being is considered in ways that diverge from dominant utilitarian views. Instead of measuring well-being based on the accumulation of wealth and resources by individuals and nations, the capability approach focuses on the opportunities (capabilities) an…

  3. Limited Representation of Individuals with Disabilities in Early Childhood Classes: Alarming or Status Quo? (United States)

    Favazza, Paddy C.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.; Meyer, Lori E.; Yu, SeonYeong; Mouzourou, Chryso


    UNICEF's new Millennium Development Goals and Beyond (2015. focus on the needs of the largest marginalised minority, individuals with disabilities, challenging us to examine issues related to exclusion and develop strategies for making an authentic sense of belonging and high-quality early childhood education a…

  4. Quo Vadis, Homo Viator? / Journeys in Jože Hradil’s Faceless Pictures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapodi Zsuzsa


    Full Text Available In Jože Hradil’s Faceless Pictures [Slike brez obrazov] the characters go astray or get into the attraction of adventures and set off for a journey. The spiritual and identity shifts can be interpreted along these eternal human desires as well. A patchwork of remembering and forgetting, the internal journeys of identity preservation, spontaneous or forced assimilation, tolerance and all kinds of politics-induced human deformations are depicted in the novel. The text traces the roles of the journey defined by Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant such as the search for justice, peace, immortality and finding the spiritual center. This study examines how the concrete physical journey changes into an internal road determining the evolution of personality.

  5. A Status Quo of Segregation: Racial and Economic Imbalance in New Jersey Schools, 1989-2010 (United States)

    Flaxman, Greg


    New Jersey has a curious status regarding school desegregation. It has had the nation's most venerable and strongest state law prohibiting racially segregated schooling and requiring racial balance in the schools whenever feasible. Yet, it simultaneously has had one of the worst records of racially imbalanced schools. Against the legal and…

  6. Partisan Press Coverage of Anti-Abolitionist Violence--A Case Study of Status Quo Journalism. (United States)

    Rutenbeck, Jeffrey B.

    A study examined the conserving tendencies of the established political party press during the early stages of the antislavery movement. Eighteen partisan newspapers--from both northern and southern states--were examined for their coverage of the July 30, 1836, mob violence against James G. Birney and his Cincinnati "Philanthropist," and…

  7. Environmental and resource economics in South Africa: status quo and lessons for developing countries

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Nahman, Anton


    Full Text Available The paper reviews the potential contributions of environmental and resource economics (ERE) to the achievement of sustainable development in developing countries and highlights the limitations associated with applying ERE within a developing country...

  8. Quo Vadis Benchmark Simulation Models? 8th IWA Symposium on Systems Analysis and Integrated Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppsson, U.; Alex, J.; Batstone, D,


    As the work of the IWA Task Group on Benchmarking of Control Strategies for WWTPs is coming towards an end, it is essential to disseminate the knowledge gained. For this reason, all authors of the IWA Scientific and Technical Report on benchmarking have come together to provide their insights, hi...

  9. Standortbestimmung – Status quo der plastisch-rekonstruktiven Chirurgie aus der Sicht der Handchirurgie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koulaxouzidis, Georgios


    Full Text Available Modern plastic-reconstructive surgery, much like hand surgery, repres a young and fast-developing surgical discipline. The principles of plastic surgery originate in the developmental stages of surgery and have considerable influence on hand surgery. Microsurgery, free or pedicled transfer of tissue, peripheral nerve surgery, plexus surgery, tendon transfers, arthroplasty, vascularized bone transfers, or toe to thumb transplants, are all performed while considering plastic surgical principles and represent just a part of plastic surgical techniques which are daily applied in hand-surgical routine. They emphasize the intimate relationship and the mutual influence between the two disciplines. The future of plastic surgery is likely to include composite tissue allotransplantation, flap prefabrication, virtual surgical planning, application of growth factors to influence bone growth, fracture healing, angiogenesis, tendon healing or wound healing. Furthermore, the field of tissue engineering is likely to introduce novel materials, such as nerve conduits. All of the above may have direct influence on hand surgery and, therefore, the future of plastic and hand surgery is at least as intricately intertwined as was their past. They will remain related through the characteristics that led to their development: innovation, creativity, diversity and the search for individualized solutions.

  10. Mentorship and Induction: Negotiating a Collaborative Enterprise or Apprenticing for Status Quo Maintenance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatille Mujawamariya


    Full Text Available This paper is from a three-year research project that examined the Ontario (Canada government philosophy, policy and practice in moving from standardized teacher testing to a new teacher induction program (NTIP to achieve teacher quality and competence. This paper utilizes a critical democratic perspective to analyze the perspectives of 47 teacher educators from 10 faculties of education in Ontario. Two major themes arose from their perspectives on NTIP: a clear collaboration/partnership among stakeholders (including faculty, school boards, schools, communities; and, b increasing effective communication and knowledge while maintaining the importance of equity, diversity and understanding community. The findings revealed the need for a more critical examination of the process and outcome of mentorship and induction programs for new teachers.

  11. Emerging infectious diseases and pandemic potential: status quo and reducing risk of global spread. (United States)

    McCloskey, Brian; Dar, Osman; Zumla, Alimuddin; Heymann, David L


    Emerging infectious diseases are an important public health threat and infections with pandemic potential are a major global risk. Although much has been learned from previous events the evidence for mitigating actions is not definitive and pandemic preparedness remains a political and scientific challenge. A need exists to develop trust and effective meaningful collaboration between countries to help with rapid detection of potential pandemic infections and initiate public health actions. This collaboration should be within the framework of the International Health Regulations. Collaboration between countries should be encouraged in a way that acknowledges the benefits that derive from sharing biological material and establishing equitable collaborative research partnerships. The focus of pandemic preparedness should include upstream prevention through better collaboration between human and animal health sciences to enhance capacity to identify potential pathogens before they become serious human threats, and to prevent their emergence where possible. The one-health approach provides a means to develop this and could potentially enhance alignment of global health and trade priorities. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. [Kick-off article: Patients first in health care: Status quo]. (United States)

    Bethge, Susanne; Danner, Martin


    "Putting patients first in health care" seems to be a rhetorical statement. But is it really the case that patients always come first? And where exactly do we stand with patient involvement and patient orientation in Germany? What participation options are currently available? Is the patient involvement and patient orientation we have so far achieved sufficient? What needs to be done? These questions will be addressed in the following discussion. Patient self-help organizations, patient interest groups, patient representatives as well as the industrial and political decision-making bodies agree that the patient perspective should be more strongly integrated into health care and health care delivery decisions. The relevant information and sources of evidence, however, are yet insufficiently provided and used. Patients are experts for their own cause. There is consensus that patient participation is and must be an integral part of all levels of health care. Patient representation has made enormous progress in the last decade. This article outlines the current state of affairs of patient representation, patient involvement, their legal legitimacy and possible future scenarios. The transformation from of a paternalistically oriented health care system towards a patient-oriented system is far advanced, but much remains to be done. (As supplied by guesteditors). Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  13. Indonesia's ulama and politics. Caught between legitimising the status quo and searching for alternatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinessen, M.M. van


    The relationship between ulama, ‘men of Islamic learning,’ and umara, ‘holders of political power,’ has always been ambivalent. On the one hand, ulama at least in the Sunni tradition have always provided religious legitimation for the de facto power holders. On the other hand, there is also a

  14. Las habilidades investigativas y la nueva Universidad: Terminus a quo a la polémica y la discusión Research Skills and the New University: Terminus a quo to Controversy and Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelio F Machado Ramírez


    Full Text Available El artículo se dirige a develar, como primer acercamiento, el contexto de las exigencias del nuevo siglo signado por la gestión del conocimiento y cómo ello debe traducirse en el cambio de mentalidad de la universidad contemporánea para una educación profesionalizante. Él sirve de preámbulo para la presentación, en otros que se sucederán, de una concepción divergente a lo que aporta la literatura actual acerca del desarrollo de la habilidad solucionar problemas, vista como habilidad integradora, compleja y universal y como resultado la argumentación, desde una perspectiva integradora de la estrategia didáctica titulada aprendizaje basado en la solución de tareas investigativas (ABSTI que es el principal resultado obtenido un proyecto ramal del Ministerio de Educación Superior de Cuba llevado a cabo y dirigido por los autores.This article attempts to unfold the context of demands of this new century marked by knowledge management, and its influence on the change of mentality of contemporary university to fulfill professional education. This is the first of other forthcoming articles presenting divergent conceptions to what current literature provides concerning the development of problem solving skills considered as integrative, complex, and universal, and, as a result, the argumentation of an integrated perspective of the didactical strategy entitled Learning Based on the Solution of Research Tasks (LBSRT, main result of a project belonging to the Ministry of Higher Education of Cuba carried out and led by the authors.

  15. Environmental impact of concrete use in the Dutch construction industry. Status quo and assessment of improvement options; Milieu-impact van betongebruik in de Nederlandse bouw. Status quo en toetsing van verbeteropties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bijleveld, M.; Bergsma, G.; Van Lieshout, M.


    At the end of 2012 the Dutch government concluded a 'Green Deal' to improve the sustainability of the concrete supply chain with the organisation MVO Netwerk Beton, made up of 21 companies and 6 trade associations involved in the chain. The aim is to achieve a 100% sustainable concrete chain in 2050, with initial tangible steps being taken in the short term. In the context of this Green Deal CE Delft was asked to analyse the environmental footprint of concrete use by the Dutch construction industry, including an analysis of a number of improvement options. In 2010 14 million m{sup 3} of concrete was used in Dutch construction and around 550 kt of reinforcement steel. From cradle to grave this concrete use had a climate impact of 3.5 Mt CO2 (1.7% of Dutch national emissions). The analysis also encompassed the carbon emissions of energy consumption during the use phase of homes and offices in 2010. Restricting ourselves to the energy used for space heating in homes built in 2010, under the current EPC standard (0.8) the climate impact of concrete use in homes is estimated to be approximately the same as that of heating a home for five years. Over a lifespan of 50 years, then, it takes roughly ten times as much energy to heat a home built in 2010 as it does to produce the reinforced concrete used to build it. The following improvement options are discussed: (1) use of concrete grade CEM III rather than CEM I; (2) various options to reduce the environmental footprint of cement production (biomass use, carbon capture and storage, etc.); (3) use of Concrete Core Activation in homes and offices to save on space heating energy consumption. While conducting the analysis a number of issues were noted that can lead to improvements in this analysis and in LCA assessments by other researchers: (a) There is scope for improving familiarity with and general availability of environmental data on various concrete and cement grades, specifically for the Dutch situation. For the Netherlands, the much-used Ecoinvent database (available in LCA software) contains outdated information; (b) There are still no specific environmental data on CEM II, CEM IV, CEM V cements and a number of CEM III grades, even though their footprints differ substantially. Further refinement of these data would therefore enable more precise analysis; (c) There is currently no reporting on the particulate emissions associated with Dutch cement and concrete. To enable a full environmental analysis, such national data should be made available, so that researchers are no longer dependent on Ecoinvent [Dutch] Eind 2012 is de Green Deal 'Verduurzaming betonketen' gesloten tussen de overheid en het MVO Netwerk Beton, waarin 21 bedrijven en 6 brancheorganisaties in de betonketen deelnemen. Het doel van deze Green Deal is een 100% duurzame betonketen in 2050, plus het zetten van concrete stappen daartoe op korte termijn. Vanuit deze Green Deal hebben Rijkswaterstaat en het MVO Netwerk Beton aan CE Delft gevraagd een analyse te doen van de milieu-impact van betongebruik in de Nederlandse bouw inclusief een analyse van een aantal verbeteropties. In 2010 werd 14 miljoen m3 beton gebruikt in de Nederlandse bouw en ongeveer 550 kton aan wapeningsstaal. Dit betongebruik veroorzaakt in de hele keten een klimaatimpact van 3,5 Mton CO2 (= 1,7% van de Nederlandse nationale emissie). Er is ook gekeken naar de klimaatemissie van energiegebruik tijdens de gebruiksfase van woningen en kantoren in 2010. Als we alleen kijken naar energie voor verwarming van woningen die in 2010 zijn gebouwd, dan schatten we in dat met de huidige EPC-norm (0,8) de klimaatimpact van het betongebruik in een woning ongeveer gelijk staat aan de klimaatimpact van vijf jaar verwarmen van een woning. Over een levensduur van 50 jaar is het energiegebruik voor verwarming van een woning uit 2010 dus grof weg tien keer zoveel dan de energie benodigd voor het beton met wapening in de woning. Verbeteropties die aan de orde komen in het rapport zijn: (1) gebruik van betontype CEM I vervangen door type CEM III; (2) het op verschillende manieren verminderen van de milieu-impact van cementproductie (biomassagebruik, CO2-afvang en -opslag, etc.); (3) het toepassen van betonkernactivering in woningen en kantoren waardoor bespaard kan worden op energie voor verwarmen. Bij het uitvoeren van de analyse heeft CE Delft aan aantal zaken geconstateerd die deze analyse en LCA-analyses door andere onderzoekers kunnen verbeteren: (a) De bekendheid en algemene beschikbaarheid van de milieu-informatie van beton en diverse cementtypen, specifiek voor de Nederlandse situatie, kan verbeterd worden. De veel gebruikte Ecoinvent database (beschikbaar in LCA-software) bevat voor Nederland verouderde informatie; (b) Er is nog geen uitgesplitste milieu-informatie beschikbaar voor betontypen CEM II, CEM IV, CEM V en een range aan CEM III-typen. De verschillen tussen betontypen zijn echter wel substantieel. Verdere verfijning per betontype kan analyse derhalve preciezer maken; (c) Fijnstofemissie wordt niet gerapporteerd over Nederlands cement en beton. Voor een volledige milieuanalyse zou het goed zijn als ook fijnstof voor de Nederlandse situatie beschikbaar is, zodat men niet afhankelijk is van de Ecoinvent database.

  16. Social Justice or Status Quo? Blended Learning in a Western Canadian Teacher Education Program | Justice sociale ou statu quo ? L’apprentissage mixte dans un programme de formation d’enseignants dans l’Ouest canadien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathy Snow


    Full Text Available Sustainable pre-service teacher education is needed to encourage academic success for under-represented populations, through both culturally responsive and alternative programming options (Carr-Stewart, Balzer, & Cottrell, 2013. In 2013, the Western Canadian University that served as the basis for this case study, implemented a blended learning pilot course in multicultural education for its existing cohort of pre-service teachers, within their Indigenous Focus Teacher Education Program (IFTEP. The aim of the blended pilot was to increase flexibility in participation for the IFTEP students, who were all employed full time as teacher assistants within a local school board. The author examined the design model through qualitative analysis of student interview data, contrasted against observations of activities on the learning management system (LMS. Five themes emerged as important in effective and culturally responsive practice for blended learning design, in this case related to: institutional challenges, student autonomy and the complexity of commitments. This research presents a critical review of the feasibility of adopting blended learning for Indigenous students. Afin de favoriser la réussite scolaire des populations sous-représentées, il est nécessaire que la formation initiale des enseignants soit durable, et ce, par l’entremise d’options de programmes à la fois culturellement sensibles et alternatives (Carr-Stewart, Balzer et Cottrell, 2013. En 2013, l’université de l’Ouest canadien qui a servi de base pour la présente étude de cas a mis en œuvre un cours pilote en apprentissage mixte portant sur l’éducation multiculturelle pour la cohorte existante d’enseignants en formation initiale au sein de son programme de formation des enseignants axé sur les Premières Nations (IFTEP. Ce pilote mixte avait pour objectif d’augmenter la flexibilité de la participation des étudiants de l’IFTEP, qui étaient tous employés à temps plein comme aides-enseignants au sein d’un conseil scolaire local. L’auteur a examiné le modèle de conception à la lumière d’une analyse quantitative des données tirées d’entrevues d’étudiants, mises en contraste avec des observations d’activités portant sur le système de gestion de l’apprentissage (SGA. Cinq thèmes sont apparus importants pour une pratique efficace et culturellement sensible de la conception en apprentissage mixte, liés aux défis de l’établissement, à l’autonomie étudiante et à la complexité des engagements. Cette étude présente un examen critique de la faisabilité d’adopter l’apprentissage mixte pour les élèves autochtones.

  17. Bio methane in the cogeneration market and heating market. Status quo, potentials and recommendations for an accelerated market penetration; Biomethan im KWK- und Waermemarkt. Status Quo, Potenziale und Handlungsempfehlungen fuer eine beschleunigte Marktdurchdringung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herr, Michael; Rostek, Sandra (comps.)


    The current contribution of the German Energy Agency (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the present sale situation of bio methane on the coupled and uncoupled heating market. The contribution clarifies, why the existing support measures do not stimulate the demand for bio methane in the necessary order of magnitude. Without adjustment of the legal framework neither the considerable sales potentials can be established, nor the targets for the development of the biogas feeding can be achieved approximately. The low demand on bio methane led to a planning stop on the producer side. Direct need for action is required.

  18. Questioning the Status Quo: Can Stakeholder Participation Improve Implementation of Small-Scale Mining Laws in Ghana?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Osei-Kojo


    Full Text Available Ghana’s small-scale mining sector faces complex challenges, including environmental degradation and pollution, loss of life and increased health risks, despite several years of implementation of small-scale mining laws. These challenges, generally, are known to have escalated because of illegal small-scale mining, locally known as “galamsey”. Despite the illegal status of this category of miners, this paper examines the extent to which stakeholder participation can improve implementation of mining regulations and also address the marginalization of these miners. This paper about stakeholder participation is timely because news reports in mid-2016 mentioned that the Government of Ghana, despite many years of disengagement, is now planning to engage with galamsey operators, in terms of registration, as part of measures to effectively regulate the activities of small-scale miners. Findings from fieldwork indicate that (1 chiefs are seldom consulted in the granting of mining licenses; (2 illegal miners do not participate in the implementation of small-scale mining laws; and (3 stakeholders, such as officers in district mining offices, feel distant from the implementation process. Against the backdrop of these findings, it remains useful to explore the extent to which effective stakeholder participation could help overcome the status quo—particularly its ramifications for both the implementation of ASM laws and the eradication of other underlying challenges the sector faces.

  19. Quo vadis pulmonary autograft--the ross procedure in its second decade: a single-center experience in 645 patients. (United States)

    Weimar, Timo; Charitos, Efstratios I; Liebrich, Markus; Roser, Detlef; Tzanavaros, Ioannis; Doll, Nicolas; Hemmer, Wolfgang B


    The enthusiasm about the advantages of a viable autologous transplant faded with recent reports of autograft deterioration and associated reoperations after the Ross procedure. This report evaluates predictors for autograft failure and outcomes extending into the second decade after a Ross procedure. From 1995 through 2012, 645 consecutive patients (mean age, 42.3 ± 14.2 years; 76% males) underwent a Ross operation using mainly the root replacement technique (98%). They were prospectively followed up with clinical and echocardiographic evaluations. Total follow-up was 5,349 patient-years and was 96% complete. Mean follow-up duration was 8.4 ± 4.6 years (range, 0 to 17.4 years). Early mortality was 0.9% (n = 6). Cumulative survival at 15 years was 92.7% (95% confidence interval, 90.1% to 95.3%) and did not differ from the general German population (p = 0.261). Freedom from reoperation on the autograft or the pulmonary allograft at 12 years was 91.6% (95% confidence interval, 88.5% to 94.9%) and 95.0% (95% confidence interval, 92.8% to 97.2%), respectively. Sixty-five patients (10.1%) required a total of 78 valve-related reoperations after a Ross procedure (1.5%/patient-year) with a reoperative hospital mortality of 3.8% (n = 3). Forty-seven autograft reoperations were observed in 44 patients (0.87%/patient-year); 22 of them (47%) could be performed as a valve-sparing procedure. Preoperative aortic valve regurgitation and an aortic annulus of at least 26 mm were identified as predictors for autograft failure. In this large series, the Ross procedure resulted in excellent long-term survival rates with a low risk of valve-related morbidity and a considerably low rate of reoperations in young and middle-aged patients and should be considered as an important treatment option in this cohort. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Japan’s Self Defense Forces After the Great East Japan Earthquake: Toward a New Status Quo (United States)


    T111221005556.htm. 142 Hiroshi Tahara, “End to Domestic Fighter Production After 55 Years- Aviation Industry Watches the Direction of FX Program...the Direction of FX Program Closely,” Diamond Weekly, October, 2011. 64 procurement plan laid out in the 2010 MTDP, this will have a zero-sum affect...Once in power, however, the DPJ’s own factional makeup and inexperience made a concerted effort at governance difficult to obtain. The inability to

  1. After 20 years of status quo: the failure of gradualism in Slovenia’s post-socialist transition


    Spruk, Rok


    In the past 20 years, the Slovenia has been praised as the richest former socialist country, having accomplished the advancement from borrower into donor status at the World Bank and having entered the European Monetary Union as the first country from former socialist block. In the due course of transition to market, Slovenia adopted the gradualist approach to economic reform, emphasizing gradual privatization, excessive regulation of the labor market and financial sector as well as the slow ...

  2. New Approaches to the Role of Thrombin in Acute Coronary Syndromes: Quo Vadis Bivalirudin, a Direct Thrombin Inhibitor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Asunción Esteve-Pastor


    Full Text Available The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS involves platelet activation and thrombus formation after the rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Thrombin is generated at the blood-plaque interface in association with cellular membranes on cells and platelets. Thrombin also amplifies the response to the tissue injury, coagulation and platelet response, so the treatment of ACS is based on the combined use of both antiplatelet (such as aspirin, clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor and antithrombotic drugs (unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, fondaparinux and bivalirudin. Bivalirudin competitively inhibits thrombin with high affinity, a predictable response from its linear pharmacokinetics and short action. However, a present remarkable controversy exists between the latest main Guidelines in Clinical Practice and the key trials evaluating the use of bivalirudin in ACS. The aim of this review is to update the development of bivalirudin, including pharmacological properties, obtained information from clinical trials evaluating efficacy and safety of bivalirudin in ACS; as well as the recommendations of clinical Guidelines.

  3. The supplier relationship practices of travel agencies in the Western Cape Province - What is the status quo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mornay Roberts-Lombard


    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the article is to explore the supplier relationship practices of travel agencies in the Western Cape province. The article wants to establish the current supplier relationship practices of travel agencies in the province and to identify limitations in supplier market relationships which might exist in the industry. Problem investigated: Relationships are the basis on which trade in the travel industry is built (George, 2006:224. The establishment and management of these relationships must be to the advantage of all parties in the relationship (Swart, 2003:120. Townes (2007 indicated that the current level of relationships that exists between travel agencies and their suppliers, especially the South African Airways (SAA, the Protea and Southern Sun hotel groups and motor vehicle rental companies such as AVIS is fragmented and negatively impairs on the ability of travel agents to deliver a quality service to their customers. To improve their overall level of service delivery to both corporate and leisure customers, it is important for travel agencies to know and understand the current level of their relationships with suppliers. It is against this background that the research was undertaken. Methodology: The target population for this study was 118 travel agencies of which 61 managers and/or owners participated through personal interviews in the completion of questionnaires. Data analysis was done by calculating averages and standard deviations, Explorative Factor Analysis (EFA, Cronbach Alpha-values and practical significance by means of effect sizes. Findings: The owners and managers of travel agencies are of the opinion that the strengthening of their existing relationships with suppliers must be prioritised. More emphasis should be placed on the strengthening of existing communication channels between travel agencies and their suppliers to secure the faster resolution of queries and complaints and to enhance the sharing of information, skills and knowledge between the two parties. The results further indicated that the development of long term relationships with suppliers are important for the future existence of the travel agency industry in the Western Cape. The establishment of these relationships must, however, be to the advantage of both parties in the relationship Conclusion: Travel agencies and their suppliers should work in collaboration to improve their service delivery to customers by sharing information on product development, marketing and promotional strategies as well as future distribution initiatives. It is also important that both travel agencies and their suppliers should believe in the long term value of establishing a relationship with each other. It is for this reason that trust and commitment are prerequisites for the establishment of such a relationship.

  4. [The young resident between work and family. Status quo and approaches to a solution in orthopedics and traumatology]. (United States)

    Depeweg, D; Achatz, G; Liebig, K; Lorenz, O


    The compatibility between the family and the medical profession requires a new challenge of leadership in hospitals, politics and medical societies. The generation change in the medical profession needs the implementation of modern framework conditions in the departments of orthopedics and traumatology. Topics such as work organisation, family support and programs to assist the return to work need to be discussed and should be used as a competitive advantage. Employees of generation y need a gender-independent role model in the field of modern management methods in employee leadership.



    Eze, Norbert Oyibo


    Certain critics of contemporary Nigerian drama represented by Abiola Irele, for example, seem to place the plays of Wole Soyinka, the 1986 Nobel laureate on literature, squarely within the confines of ritual aesthetics, in terms of dramatic taxonomy. Although ritual, especially Ogunism, exerts a huge influence and, no doubt, constitutes a major master code for interpreting a play like The Bacchae of Euripides, this paper argues that the religious elements in this transnational play merely ser...

  6. The quid-pro-quo of environmental agreements: Reflections on industrial energy efficiency agreements from five countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helby, Peter


    This workshop paper reflects on the exchange of values between the government side and the business side, which is a core logic of environmental agreements. The reflections refer to case studies of industrial energy efficiency agreements from Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands and Sweden, originating from the VAIE project (Voluntary Agreements, Implementation and Efficiency). The government bargaining chips discussed are monetary rewards, help to gain competitive advantage, regulatory flexibility and political protection. The business side bargaining chips are emission limits, organisational change, investments, information, submission to control and political pain reduction. The discussion underlines the need for substantial commitments by the government side, as a precondition for achieving effective agreements.

  7. Current (food) Allergenic Risk Assessment: Is It Fit for Novel Foods? Status Quo and Identification of Gaps. (United States)

    Mazzucchelli, Gabriel; Holzhauser, Thomas; Cirkovic-Velickovic, Tanja; Diaz-Perales, Araceli; Molina, Elena; Roncada, Paola; Rodrigues, Pedro; Verhoeckx, Kitty; Hoffmann-Sommergruber, Karin


    Food allergies are recognised as a global health concern. In order to protect allergic consumers from severe symptoms, allergenic risk assessment for well known foods and foods containing genetically modified ingredients was installed. However, population is steadily growing and there is a rising need to provide adequate protein-based foods, including novel sources, not yet used for human consumption. In this context safety issues such as a potential increased allergenic risk need to be assessed before marketing novel food sources. Therefore, the established allergenic risk assessment for genetically modified organisms needs to be re-evaluated for its applicability for risk assessment of novel food proteins. Two different scenarios of allergic sensitization have to be assessed. The first scenario is the presence of already known allergenic structures in novel foods. For this a comparative assessment can be performed and the range of cross-reactivity can be explored, while in the second scenario allergic reactions are observed towards so far novel allergenic structures and no reference material is available. This review summarises the current analytical methods for allergenic risk assessment, highlighting the strengths and limitations of each method and discussing the gaps in this assessment that need to be addressed in the near future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  8. New Approaches to the Role of Thrombin in Acute Coronary Syndromes: Quo Vadis Bivalirudin, a Direct Thrombin Inhibitor? (United States)

    Esteve-Pastor, María Asunción; Hernández-Romero, Diana; Valdés, Mariano; Marín, Francisco


    The pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) involves platelet activation and thrombus formation after the rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Thrombin is generated at the blood-plaque interface in association with cellular membranes on cells and platelets. Thrombin also amplifies the response to the tissue injury, coagulation and platelet response, so the treatment of ACS is based on the combined use of both antiplatelet (such as aspirin, clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor) and antithrombotic drugs (unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin, fondaparinux and bivalirudin). Bivalirudin competitively inhibits thrombin with high affinity, a predictable response from its linear pharmacokinetics and short action. However, a present remarkable controversy exists between the latest main Guidelines in Clinical Practice and the key trials evaluating the use of bivalirudin in ACS. The aim of this review is to update the development of bivalirudin, including pharmacological properties, obtained information from clinical trials evaluating efficacy and safety of bivalirudin in ACS; as well as the recommendations of clinical Guidelines.

  9. Personality disorders and the DSM-5: Scientific and extra-scientific factors in the maintenance of the status quo. (United States)

    Gøtzsche-Astrup, Oluf; Moskowitz, Andrew


    The aim of this study was to review and discuss the evidence for dimensional classification of personality disorders and the historical and sociological bases of psychiatric nosology and research. Categorical and dimensional conceptualisations of personality disorder are reviewed, with a focus on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-system's categorisation and the Five-Factor Model of personality. This frames the events leading up to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, personality disorder debacle, where the implementation of a hybrid model was blocked in a last-minute intervention by the American Psychiatric Association Board of Trustees. Explanations for these events are discussed, including the existence of invisible colleges of researchers and the fear of risking a 'scientific revolution' in psychiatry. A failure to recognise extra-scientific factors at work in classification of mental illness can have a profound and long-lasting influence on psychiatric nosology. In the end it was not scientific factors that led to the failure of the hybrid model of personality disorders, but opposing forces within the mental health community in general and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, Task Force in particular. Substantial evidence has accrued over the past decades in support of a dimensional model of personality disorders. The events surrounding the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group show the difficulties in reconciling two different worldviews with a hybrid model. They also indicate the future of a psychiatric nosology that will be increasingly concerned with dimensional classification of mental illness. As such, the road is paved for more substantial changes to personality disorder classification in the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision, in 2017. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2015.

  10. The clinician and estimation of glomerular filtration rate by creatinine-based formulas: current limitations and quo vadis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botev, R.; Mallie, J.P.; Wetzels, J.F.M.; Couchoud, C.; Schuck, O.


    The GFR has a paramount diagnostic and staging role in the Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative Clinical Practice Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease (K/DOQI-CKD). The most widely used serum creatinine-based formulas in adults for estimated GFR (eGFR) are the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and

  11. Status quo and development of passive safety for passenger cars; Stand und Entwicklung der passiven Pkw-Sicherheit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, C.F.; Grandel, J.


    The constant improvement of passive safety for modern passenger cars is obvious from the drop in fatal traffic accidents. The restraint systems `seat belt` and `airbag` play an important part in this. Other protective systems will be introduced in the future - but the costs will rise out of all proportion to the benefits. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die stetige Verbesserung der passiven Sicherheit moderner Personenwagen ist deutlich zu spueren: am Rueckgang der Verkehrsunfaelle mit Todesfolge. Die Rueckhaltesysteme Gurt und Airbag haben daran grossen Anteil. Auch kuenftig werden weitere Schutzsysteme eingefuehrt - der Aufwand steigt allerdings staerker als der Nutzen. (orig.)

  12. [The role of the scientific librarian in HTA:what is the status quo and what are the prospects]. (United States)

    Balduini, Anna; Guizzetti, Giovanni; Molinari, Silvia; Truccolo, Ivana; Motta, Saba; Bernardini, Fabio; Curti, Moreno


    The first Italian experiences of HTA are born inside single hospitals and, lately, regional health care systems. In Italy, anyway, no agency had health technology assessment as an institutional duty until 2007, the year of the founding of the Italian Society of Health Technology Assessment (SIHTA). In times of "spending review", the HTA, whose purpose is to make decisions about health technologies rational and consistent with a context of scarce resources, is increasingly emerging as a priority need of the National Health System. The objective of this paper is to analyze if and how the librarian is involved in the process of health technology assessment, analyzing the results of a survey performed at a selection of Italian research organizations. The analysis of the results shows that the Italian situation is still very varied, from the point of view of HTA, and health technologies are often introduced without any preliminary analysis. The librarian is almost never represented within the HTA evaluation group and his/her knowledge of HTA should be improved.

  13. Quo usque tandem! An interpretation of “genocide” that deprives the Convention of its appropriate effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Favio Farinella


    Full Text Available In its recent judgment on the case “Application of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide”, the International Court of Justice missed a historic opportunity to extend the margin of appreciation regarding the protection of individuals and Humanity. The ICJ consolidates a strict and restricted interpretation of the crime of genocide, contrary to the principles of International Human Rights Law and the precedents of the courts specialized in International Humanitarian Law and International Criminal Law. The opinion of the majority the defense of State sovereignty is placed above the humanitarian obligations of the State and gross violations of human rights. In Cançado Trindade’s words, the reason of State (raison d'Etat prevailed over reasons of Humanity. This paper is intended to demonstrate that the interpretation of the crime of genocide by the ICJ deprives the thematic Convention of its appropriate effects which must be aimed at the protection of the human being. 

  14. Sanitation practices and perceptions in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya: Comparing the status quo with a novel service-based approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond Nyoka

    Full Text Available Globally, an estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation. Unimproved sanitation increases the risk of morbidity and mortality, especially in protracted refugee situations where sanitation is based on pit latrine use. Once the pit is full, waste remains in the pit, necessitating the construction of a new latrine, straining available land and funding resources. A viable, sustainable solution is needed. This study used qualitative and quantitative methods to design, implement, and pilot a novel sanitation system in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. An initial round of 12 pre-implementation focus group discussions (FGDs were conducted with Dinka and Somali residents to understand sanitation practices, perceptions, and needs. FGDs and a supplementary pre-implementation survey informed the development of an innovative sanitation management system that incorporated the provision of urine and liquid-diverting toilets, which separate urine and fecal waste, and a service-based sanitation system that included weekly waste collection. The new system was implemented on a pilot scale for 6 weeks. During the implementation, bi-weekly surveys were administered in each study household to monitor user perceptions and challenges. At the end of the pilot, the sanitation system was assessed using a second round of four post-implementation FGDs. Those who piloted the new sanitation system reported high levels of user satisfaction. Reported benefits included odor reduction, insect/pest reduction, the sitting design, the appropriateness for special populations, and waste collection. However, urine and liquid diversion presented a challenge for users who perform anal washing and for women who had experienced female genital mutilation. Refugee populations are often culturally and ethnically diverse. Using residents' input to inform the development of sanitation solutions can increase user acceptability and provide opportunities to improve sanitation system designs based on specific needs.

  15. Status Quo in Kadriorg (Presidential residence) or a coalition based on the "world view"? / Anna-Maria Galojan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galojan, Anna-Maria, 1982-


    29. augustil 2011 Eestis toimuvatel presidendivalimistel peaks võitma praegune riigipea Toomas Hendrik Ilves, kuna Reformierakond, Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit ja Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond on lubanud teda toetada. Autor kahtleb Eesti demokraatlikkuses

  16. A Review Of The United States Government’s Status Quo North Korean Foreign Policy Approach And Reasons For Change (United States)


    President Bill Clinton was able to successfully negotiate the release of US citizens imprisoned in North Korea.45 These actions 13 could be viewed...Television Networks, 45 Jack Kim, Bill Clinton in North Korea, meets Kim Jong-il, Reuters, Aug...Edited by Su Hoon Lee. Seoul: Kyungnam University Press, 2012. Cerami, Joseph R. Leadership and Policy Innovation - from Clinton to Bush: Countering

  17. Resisting the Status Quo: The Narratives of Black Homeschoolers in Metro-Atlanta and Metro-DC (United States)

    Fields-Smith, Cheryl; Kisura, Monica Wells


    Trends suggest that homeschooling continues to increase among black families. Yet, research on contemporary Black homeschooling remains scarce. Given black educational history, the phenomena of Black families choosing homeschooling over public and private schools in the post-Desegregation era is worthy of investigation. Further, documenting the…

  18. Interacción persona-computador. ¿Quo vadis ética y estética?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Ficarra


    Full Text Available Los conceptos de ética y la estética tienen que ver con el modo de presentar la información en los sistemas interactivos y las líneas guías de todos aquellos que cotidianamente insertan contenidos en los soportes multimediales on-line o off-line. Comenta sobre los centros universitarios españoles.

  19. Quo vadis? Microbial profiling revealed strong effects of cleanroom maintenance and routes of contamination in indoor environments (United States)

    Moissl-Eichinger, Christine; Auerbach, Anna K.; Probst, Alexander J.; Mahnert, Alexander; Tom, Lauren; Piceno, Yvette; Andersen, Gary L.; Venkateswaran, Kasthuri; Rettberg, Petra; Barczyk, Simon; Pukall, Rüdiger; Berg, Gabriele


    Space agencies maintain highly controlled cleanrooms to ensure the demands of planetary protection. To study potential effects of microbiome control, we analyzed microbial communities in two particulate-controlled cleanrooms (ISO 5 and ISO 8) and two vicinal uncontrolled areas (office, changing room) by cultivation and 16S rRNA gene amplicon analysis (cloning, pyrotagsequencing, and PhyloChip G3 analysis). Maintenance procedures affected the microbiome on total abundance and microbial community structure concerning richness, diversity and relative abundance of certain taxa. Cleanroom areas were found to be mainly predominated by potentially human-associated bacteria; archaeal signatures were detected in every area. Results indicate that microorganisms were mainly spread from the changing room (68%) into the cleanrooms, potentially carried along with human activity. The numbers of colony forming units were reduced by up to ~400 fold from the uncontrolled areas towards the ISO 5 cleanroom, accompanied with a reduction of the living portion of microorganisms from 45% (changing area) to 1% of total 16S rRNA gene signatures as revealed via propidium monoazide treatment of the samples. Our results demonstrate the strong effects of cleanroom maintenance on microbial communities in indoor environments and can be used to improve the design and operation of biologically controlled cleanrooms.

  20. Challenging the Status Quo: The Enabling Role of Gender Sensitive Fathers, Inspirational Mothers and Surrogate Parents in Uganda (United States)

    Warrington, Molly


    Within a context where relatively few girls complete secondary education, 18 women were interviewed in Uganda with the objective of ascertaining how they were able to overcome the challenges they encountered to become well-qualified and successful career-women. An important finding from this research was that although parental involvement in…

  1. Soil erosion and associated organic carbon transfer along the southern Amazon land use frontier - status quo and future scenarios (United States)

    Schindewolf, Marcus; Herrmann, Anne-Kathrin; Herrmann, Marie-Kristin; Amorim, Ricardo S. S.; Schmidt, Jürgen


    The Southern Amazon deforestation arc is one of the world's most dynamically changing landscapes mainly caused by global demands on animal products. Already more than 50 % of the savanna vegetation in Mato Grosso is converted to agricultural land. Following the BR-163 highway to the north deforestation is continuing, where former tropical rainforest is converted to pastures. Consequences are expected to be negative and highly relevant concerning soil functions. Soil losses and related carbon transfer by water erosion are likely to occur on a larger scale. Within the Carbiocial project, the impact of land use changes on soil loss was measured by applying artificial rainfall simulations. Experimental results were used to parameterize the physical based EROSION 3D simulation model in two meso-scale watersheds. The impact of future land use and climate scenarios on soil erosion and particle bound organic carbon transfer were simulated in addition to present day effects. Our results allow different predictions: Land use changes from natural vegetation to pasture lead to increased surface runoffs and soil losses. Due to the predominant no-tillage management, croplands do not reveal a similar behaviour; runoff and sediment yields are close to the initial level. Particle bound organic carbon losses are negligible compared to the removal of biomass during deforestation. Compared to the land use change effect more significant differences appear concerning the predominant soil types of the study region. Deterioration of soil functions are less pronounced for Ferralsols with a stable microstructure than for Acrisols. Additionally, our data suggest, that the main soil losses are related to the narrow time windows of land use conversion. Consequently, intensifying production on existing agricultural land rather than creating new production area (deforestation) might be the most practical way of preserving soils of the Southern Amazon.

  2. Cateteres e soluções anestésicas em anestesia regional periférica: Quo Vadis? Relato de Casos Catéteres y soluciones anestésicas en anestesia regional periférica: ¿Quo Vadis? Relato de Casos Catheters and anesthetic solutions in regional peripheral anesthesia: Quo Vadis? Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Otto Geier


    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Os desfechos clínicos de bloqueios anestésicos regionais periféricos nem sempre são os esperados. Ora resultam insuficientes, ora superdimensionados. Para o entendimento e aprendizado desses fenômenos, os meios de rádio-imagem tornam-se esclarecedores. O objetivo deste estudo foi demonstrar os diferentes trajetos e distribuições, respectivamente, de cateteres e de soluções anestésicas (anestésico local com contraste, utilizados em bloqueios regionais de membros superior e inferior. RELATO DOS CASOS: São apresentados três casos de bloqueios regionais periféricos, em que os efeitos clínicos inesperados foram esclarecidos por imagens radiográficas contrastadas. CONCLUSÕES: Com o intuito de certificar a posição de cateteres e esclarecer os efeitos anestésicos inesperados, os estudos de rádio-imagens contrastadas são de grande utilidade, pois correlacionam dispersões imprevisíveis de soluções anestésicas com sintomas e sinais dos bloqueios periféricos.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: Los desenlaces clínicos de bloqueos anestésicos regionales periféricos no siempre son los esperados. A veces resultan insuficientes, a veces lo valoran demasiado. Para el entendimiento y aprendizaje de esos fenómenos, los medios de radio imagen son más eficientes. El objetivo de este estudio fue el de demostrar los diferentes trayectos y distribuciones, respectivamente, de catéteres y de soluciones anestésicas (anestésico local con contraste, utilizados en bloqueos regionales de los miembros. RELATO DE LOS CASOS: Se presentan tres casos de bloqueos regionales periféricos, en que los efectos clínicos inesperados fueron aclarados por imágenes radiográficas contrastadas. CONCLUSIONES: Con el interés de certificar la posición de catéteres y de aclarar los efectos anestésicos inesperados, los estudios de radio imágenes contrastadas son de gran utilidad, ya que correlacionan dispersiones imprevisibles de soluciones anestésicas, con síntomas y señales de bloqueos periféricos.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical results of regional peripheral blockades are not always what we hope for. Sometimes the results are short of our intent and sometimes are exaggerated. To understand and learn those phenomena, radioimaging techniques are very helpful. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the different trajectories and distribution of catheters and anesthetics (local anesthetic with contrast, respectively, used in regional blockades of the upper and lower limbs. CASE REPORTS: Three cases of peripheral regional blockade, in which unexpected clinical effects were solved using contrast X-rays, are presented. CONCLUSIONS: Contrast X-rays are very useful to verify the position of catheters and solve unexpected anesthetic effects, because they are able to relate the unpredictable dispersion of anesthetics to the signs and symptoms of peripheral blockades.

  3. Avaliação e internacionalização da educação superior: Quo vadis América Latina? Evaluación e internacionalización de la educación superior: ¿Quo vadis América Latina? Evaluation and internationalization of higher education: Quo vadis Latin America?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Leite


    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os temas da avaliação, acreditação e internacionalização das instituições de educação superior de América Latina e Caribe. Discute os cânones da globalização e da mercadorização da educação superior, contextos nos quais se estabelecem as políticas de avaliação. Apresenta as imbricações entre os conceitos de hegemonia, imperialismo e globalização neoliberal que sustentam sua compreensão. A seguir, levanta evidências sobre a constituição e 'práticas' de um novo imperialismo, o imperialismo benevolente, que está a produzir as estratégias do Processo de Bolonha com vistas à formação de uma zona comum de educação superior formada por América Latina, Caribe e União Europeia. Há atores hegemônicos que sustentam estes interesses. Demonstra a seguir, a existência de suas ações na indução de relações entre agências de acreditação e avaliação, entre redes de agências, entre projetos para o estabelecimento de indicadores institucionais globais que redundam em procedimentos para internacionalização das instituições de educação superior. Ao final, argumenta que as políticas têm consequências sobre os caminhos futuros da educação superior latino-americana porque geram novos modelos de instituições e induzem à formação de valores que negam o fortalecimento do espaço público e a reinvenção de subjetividades democráticas.Este artículo presenta los temas de evaluación, acreditación e internacionalización de las instituciones de educación superior de América Latina y el Caribe. Discute los cánones de la globalización y la mercantilización de la educación superior, contextos en los cuales se establecen políticas de evaluación. Presenta las imbricaciones entre los conceptos de hegemonía, imperialismo y globalización neoliberal que sustentan su comprensión. A continuación, indica elementos de la 'práctica' de un nuevo imperialismo, imperialismo benevolente, que está produciendo las estrategias del proceso de Bolonia con miras a la formación de un espacio com��n de educación superior formado por América Latina, el Caribe y la Unión Europea. Hay actores que sustentan a estos intereses hegemónicos. Se demuestra la existencia de sus acciones en la inducción de relaciones entre agencias y redes interinstitucionales de acreditación y evaluación, con proyectos para el establecimiento de indicadores de evaluación globales lo que implica en procedimientos para la internacionalización de las instituciones de educación superior. Al final, argumenta que las políticas tienen consecuencias sobre los caminos futuros de la educación superior en América Latina y Caribe porque generan nuevos tipos de instituciones e inducen a una formación de valores que niegan el fortalecimiento del espacio público y la reinvención de subjetividades democráticas.This paper discuss the themes of evaluation, accreditation and internationalization of higher education institutions of Latin America and Caribbean. The canons of globalization and commodification of higher education, contexts in which are established policies for evaluation, are discussed. The relations between the concepts of hegemony, imperialism and neoliberal globalization that sustain their understanding are also presented. Next, raises evidence of a ' practice ' of a new imperialism, benevolent imperialism, that is producing the strategies of the Bologna process with a view to the formation of a common area of higher education formed by Latin America, Caribbean and European Union. There are actors that sustain these hegemonic interests. The existence of their actions in the induction of inter-agency relations, accreditation and evaluation agency networks, between projects for the establishment of global institutional indicators that implies procedures for internationalization of higher education institutions are showed. In the end, it argues that policies have consequences on the higher education future in Latin America and Caribbean because they generate new types of institutions and induce the formation of values that can deny the public space and the reinvention of democratic subjectivities.

  4. Was John Paul II an Apologist of Christianity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Michalik


    Full Text Available The paper tries to answer the question whether John Paul II was an apologist of Christianity. Moving along scholastic methodology, the paper progress along three stages, exploring a negative statement ( videtur quod non , justifying a positive assertion ( sed contra , to formulate a conclusion ( ergo . Through this methodology the paper argues that Pope John Paul II was the defender of Christianity. This methodology allows thorough study of the highlights of the pontificate of this Great Pope and on the basis of counter-points to bring out a more clear answer to the research question.

  5. Women's Rights and Wedding Bells: 19th-Century Pro-Family Rhetoric and (Re)Enforcement of the Gender Status Quo (United States)

    Adams, Michele


    Researchers suggest that backlashes to feminism may appear in the form of pro-family campaigns. Social scientists have observed themes in the current pro-marriage movement to support this claim; others note historical cycles of pro-family backlash to feminism. This article is a sociohistorical analysis of texts from a leading organized advocate of…

  6. Status Quo and Outlook of the Studies of Entrepreneurship Education in China: Statistics and Analysis Based on Papers Indexed in CSSCI (2004-2013) (United States)

    Xia, Tian; Shumin, Zhang; Yifeng, Wu


    We utilized cross tabulation statistics, word frequency counts, and content analysis of research output to conduct a bibliometric study, and used CiteSpace software to depict a knowledge map for research on entrepreneurship education in China from 2004 to 2013. The study shows that, in this duration, the study of Chinese entrepreneurship education…

  7. Narrating Experiences of Sexism in Higher Education: A Critical Feminist Autoethnography to Make Meaning of the Past, Challenge the Status Quo and Consider the Future (United States)

    Edwards, Jane


    Increasingly, the third-level sector across the world has acknowledged a hopeless track record of promoting and retaining competent women in leadership roles. However, change, in terms of women's contribution and participation, has been minimal at least, or gradual at the most optimistic. In this paper, a woman with more than two decades…

  8. El exceso de confianza y el statu quo dentro de la estructuración de capital: una perspectiva de las finanzas corporativas del comportamiento


    Morales Porras, Iván Leonardo


    El presente artículo, presenta un análisis de las decisiones de estructuración de capital de la compañía Merck Sharp & Dome S.A.S, desde la perspectiva de las finanzas comportamentales, comparando los métodos utilizados actualmente por la compañía seleccionada con la teoría tradicional de las finanzas, para así poder evaluar el desempeño teórico y real. Incorporar elementos comportamentales dentro del estudio permite profundizar más sobre de las decisiones corporativas en un contexto más cerc...

  9. [The status quo and future prospects of emergency medical service systems in Japan in view of the tight supply-demand situation for medical resources]. (United States)

    Aruga, Tohru


    Considering the tight supply-demand situation for medical resources contributing to emergency medical service(EMS) systems at present and in the future in Japan, the author has explained the present states and future prospects of EMS systems in our country. EMS in remote places in this country is now consisting of the concentration of limited human resources, and is therefore suggestive of the EMS systems in the future, because we will have to deal with the possible exhaustion of EMS in our superannuated society progressing now and in the future. And also EMS systems will have to be maintained in the future with concerted efforts of all the medical staffs. The transferring the medical doctors' tasks to those of nurses and other staffs, that is to say the task shifting has just authorized by recent laws, and so the task shifting will be useful in the future EMS systems performed by all kinds of medical workers, in whom general physicians will be included as they are to be distributed throughout this country in the future.

  10. Quo Vadis NATO? Collective Defense, Collective Security, and the Euro-Atlantic Realm in the Second Decade of the 21st Century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kavaker, Vahap


    After September ii, the emergence of global terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and dramatic changes in the security environment led once again to debate about the future of NATO. The U.S...

  11. English-Medium Programmes at Austrian Business Faculties: A Status Quo Survey on National Trends and a Case Study on Programme Design and Delivery (United States)

    Unterberger, Barbara


    Internationalisation processes have accelerated the implementation of English-medium programmes (EMPs) across European higher education institutions. The field of business and management studies has been particularly affected by this trend (Wachter & Maiworm 2008: 46) with numerous new EMPs introduced each year. This paper presents key…

  12. The medication plan to promote medication safety: analysis of the status quo and evaluation of the comprehensability by patients with polymedication


    Botermann, Lea


    Drugs can reduce morbidity and mortality, providing that they are taken correctly. Due to various reasons, the efficacy and safety shown in controlled clinical trials can often not be reached in daily practice. Patients frequently do not know how to take their medication. They misunderstand counselling content or forget the information provided. A written medication plan can support verbally given advice so that patients are better informed about their pharmacotherapy. A medication plan is a ...

  13. Solar radiation and street temperature as function of street orientation. An analysis of the status quo and simulation of future scenarios towards sustainability in Bahrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Joao Pinelo


    A countrywide analysis shows that E-W orientation accounts for the highest overall street length with 37%. The second most frequent orientation is N-S (29%, the best performer. NW-SE and NE-SW both have frequencies of only 17%. Preference for a street grid with N-S, NW-SE, and NE-SW orientation would improve the thermal performance of streets and provide a continuous network of a comfortable pedestrian environment. We simulate two future scenarios based on avoiding new E-W streets, or not. We measure their potential reduction in thermal gain and conclude that a simple policy could reduce solar exposition in 40%.

  14. Challenges, hurdles and possible approaches to improve cancer care in developing countries – A short breakdown of the status quo and future perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine D. Brookman-May


    Full Text Available It was estimated that in 2012, 57% of the incidence and 65% of cancer deaths have occurred in developing countries, and in the future, the incidence of cancer-related mortality is even expected to rise significantly in these countries. Despite this alarming data, there are still significant disparities in access to cancer care and cancer control between developing nations and higher income countries. There are several hurdles for cancer patients in developing countries which impair adequate treatment, including very little access to programs of cancer prevention and screening measures, early diagnosis and adequate surgical and medical tumor treatment. In this review article, we provide a short assessment and breakdown of the main barriers for proper cancer treatment admission and provide a perspective on potential approached and solutions to enhance cancer research and care in developing countries.

  15. Is product diversification the Ultimate Quid Pro Quo for Gender sensitive Poverty Alleviation? Adverse Social Externalities from Combined Microfinance in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Documented deficiencies in traditional social transfer mechanisms have led to the emergence of alternative methods for reducing poverty. In many countries, microfinance institutions (MFIs have become popular instruments for redistributive propoor policies. However, they are also criticised for not being inclusive enough. This paper explores if product diversification has an effect on poverty outreach, in particular when combining micro- credit with savings and insurance. It applies cross-sectional analysis of 250 microfinance schemes in Latin America and the Caribbean. By focusing on elements of the depth of poverty outreach, the research highlights a number of possible effects of combined microfinance (CMF. Product diversification can significantly contribute to increased social outreach («breadth» of poverty outreach. However, the findings suggest that, in the case of combining credit with savings, this is leading to a relatively lower participation of poor and female clients («depth» of poverty outreach. Exclusionary and discriminatory vulnerabilities and dynamics, linked to specific financial products, may apply double or even reinforce each other. Cumulative financial, cultural, geographical or communication barriers can make participation in multiple financial products more challenging. These findings have not been adequately tackled by academic literature, but are most relevant for MFI stakeholders and policy makers. If gender-sensitive or pro-poor income generation is at the heart of the mission of MFIs, corrective measures to these forms of adverse externalities should be considered.

  16. DIFFUSIVE-Magnetoresistance(DMR) Proton(PMR)/Hydrogen-ion WATER: PRE-``Fert''/``Grunberg'' GMR[and CMR]: Quo-Vadis ``Honesty''???: PLAGIARISM!!! (United States)

    Fart, Albart; Gruntbug, Peter; Siegel, Edward


    Proton/Hydrogen-ion Diffusive-Magnetoresistance(DMR) of Siegel[APS March-Mtgs.(70s)] based upon Siegel[Int'l. Conf. Mag.-Alloys and Oxides("ICMAO"), The Technion(77); J. Mag. Mag. Mtls. 7, 312(78)] FIRST experimental-discovery of GMR and FIRST theoretical prediction of CMR[ibid. 7, 338 (78)], facilitates NEW water production in global-warming exacerbated dry arid/semi-arid regions: Only HYDROGEN is/can be "FLYING-WATER"!!! (aka "chemical-rain-in-pipelines"). EMET/TRUTH-in-the-``SEANCES'', would-be "Sciences": C. Perelman-Corredoira [Against the Tide(07)] featuring Martin-Bradshaw ["Healing the SHAME That BINDS You"(80s)] systemic sociological-dysfunctionality(S-D), and Grigory Perelman's HEROIC ETHICS (refusal of both pure-maths Poincare-conjecture proof 2007 Fields-medal and 2010 Clay-Institute so-called/media-hyped/P.Red/spin-doctored millennium-prize million-dollar would-be award, militates as well in the current "SEANCE" of physics/maths politics/media-hype/P.R /spin-doctoring VS. Siegel FIRST experimental GMR a never-acknowledged full decade PRE-"Fert"(88) /"Grunberg(89)" ``Phales-GroPE''/Thompson-CSF/ KFZ-JEWlich 2007 physics Wolf/Japan/Nobel-prizes!!!

  17. Solar radiation and street temperature as function of street orientation. An analysis of the status quo and simulation of future scenarios towards sustainability in Bahrain (United States)

    Silva, Joao Pinelo


    This paper discusses the contribution of street orientation towards the development of a comfortable microclimate for pedestrians in Bahrain. Increasing walkability is a global agenda to address issues such as a) transportation, b) energy consumption, c) health, and d) air pollution, all of which are topics of the sustainability agenda. Thermal comfort is one of the pre-requisites for walkability. In warm climates, this is a challenging goal. Street design is paramount for pedestrian comfort in warm climates. The roles of street orientation and aspect ratio are of particular importance as they determine the intake of solar radiation into the urban canyon. We investigate the state of affairs in Bahrain, by measuring the frequency with which the street orientations E-W, N-S, NE-SW, and NW-SE, currently occur. Research suggests that the street orientation E-W presents the lesser performance for mitigating the effects of heat gain. The ideal grid orientation would, therefore, be N-S, and NE-SW - NW-SE, avoiding street segments with E-W orientation. A countrywide analysis shows that E-W orientation accounts for the highest overall street length with 37%. The second most frequent orientation is N-S (29%), the best performer. NW-SE and NE-SW both have frequencies of only 17%. Preference for a street grid with N-S, NW-SE, and NE-SW orientation would improve the thermal performance of streets and provide a continuous network of a comfortable pedestrian environment. We simulate two future scenarios based on avoiding new E-W streets, or not. We measure their potential reduction in thermal gain and conclude that a simple policy could reduce solar exposition in 40%.

  18. Learning for Life and/or Work: The Status Quo of Pre-Vocational Education in India, China, Germany and the USA (United States)

    Pilz, Matthias; Krisanthan, Balasundaram; Michalik, Bjoern; Zenner, Lea; Li, Jun


    The role of pre-vocational education in general compulsory education has become increasingly relevant over recent years, with the international debate focussing particularly on its importance in school-to-work transitions. This study considers curriculum design and the implementation of pre-vocational education in four countries with radically…

  19. The Biofuel Debate – Status Quo and Research Needs to Meet Multiple Goals of Food, Fuel and Ecosystem Services in the Tropics and Subtropics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schlecht


    Full Text Available The current biofuel debate is characterized by concerns about the environmental effects of large-scale biofuel plantations, controversies about GMO-based feedstocks and the recent global food crisis. Predictions for the development of the biofuel sector are either departing from the supply-side or the demand-side, but are mostly based on modelling efforts with an unclear experimental basis and only broadly defined economic settings. Results vary widely and tend to undervalue technical progress in processing efficiency or management-related increases in biomass yields. Moreover, calculations often neglect the impact of climate change, the need for irrigation and processing water, for soil fertility maintenance and the importance of socio-economic issues. Against these shortcomings and in view of several decades to centuries of Ecosystem Carbon Payback Times of most biofuel plantations, their future as a large-scale replacement for hydrocarbons will strongly depend on improved matter conversion efficiencies and successful prevention mechanisms for conflicts over land use.

  20. Operationelles Risikomanagement von Schweizer Vorsorgeeinrichtungen : Status quo und zukunftsgerichteter Leitfaden für Geschäftsführerinnen und Geschäftsführer


    Moor, Markus; Mussak, Pirmin; Zeier Röschmann, Angela


    Studie Die vorliegende Studie untersucht den Stand des operationellen Risikomanagements von Schweizer Vorsorgeeinrichtungen. Während der Entwicklungsstand insgesamt fortgeschritten ist, bestehen noch Lücken in der Risikoidentifikation, der Risikoberichterstattung und der Berücksichtigung des Reputationsrisikos. Darüber hinaus lassen sich deutliche Unterschiede zwischen kleinen und grossen Vorsorgeeinrichtungen erkennen.

  1. Developmental dynamics and contemporary evolutionary psychology: status quo or irreconcilable views? Reply to Bjorklund (2003), Krebs (2003), Buss and Reeve (2003), Crawford (2003), and Tooby et Al. (2003). (United States)

    Lickliter, Robert; Honeycutt, Hunter


    The authors address commentaries by D. F. Bjorklund (2003); D. M. Buss and H. K. Reeve (2003); C. B. Crawford (2003); D. L. Krebs (2003); and J. Tooby, L. Cosmides, and H. C. Barrett (2003) on their analysis of the underlying assumptions of contemporary evolutionary psychology (R. Lickliter & H. Honeycutt, 2003). The authors argue that evolutionary psychology currently offers no coherent framework for how to integrate genetic, environmental, and experiential factors into a theory of behavioral or cognitive phenotypes. The authors propose that this absence is due to a lack of developmental analysis in the major works of evolutionary psychology, resulting in an almost exclusive focus on adaptationist accounts of evolution by natural selection rather than a more broad-based focus on the process and products of evolution by epigenetic developmental dynamics.

  2. Playing to a New Crowd: How Congress Could Break the Startup Status Quo by Raising the Cap on the Jobs Act's Crowdfunding Exemption

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thomas Murphy


    ....2 Although the resulting film was not itself groundbreaking,3 Braff's project did shift national attention toward crowdfunding, the innovative way to raise capital that some argue could soon surpass...

  3. Common benefit from a perspective of "Non-traditional Partners": A proposed agenda to address the status quo in Global Space Governance (United States)

    Aganaba-Jeanty, Timiebi


    It is presupposed that there is a dominant position in interpreting the freedom of Outer Space which has not given much real significance to the idea of common benefit. The reason that this causes difficulty is that there is an ambiguity to common benefit. This dominant position however sees the issue of benefit sharing in the context of the perceived tension between established space faring nations and emerging and aspirant States and the idea that freedom could take on a different meaning depending on where one is on the scale of development. It fails to recognize that solutions to contemporary and historical governance challenges have been much less oriented towards the interests of less developed States or new entrants, making the accrual and sharing of benefits dependent on the free will of those States able to carry out a variety of space activities independently. As a result of this, the debate around common benefit is exploited to seek individual benefit derived for a State as opposed to what our effort to use space collectively can generate. In recent times, the issue has not received much attention. This is because it is believed to be partly resolved through normative frameworks such as Article 1 of the Outer Space Treaty and the Space Benefits Declaration. While an attempt to re-address historical contentious issues, asserted to be resolved, may appear illusory or futile; such analysis can be useful depending on the account that the reader believes should be given to the normative character of human nature. To this end, the writings of legal, political and social theorists and methodologies from Critical Legal Schools may prove insightful for a deeper contextualization of the historical debate, the current understanding of the freedoms of Outer Space as well as unearth future perspectives to aid in addressing the current pressing space related issue of our time: Sustainability of Space Activities. This article proposes three main issue areas to investigate to find solutions to some of the perceived tensions prevalent in space governance:

  4. Frontera, ciudad y plaza pública americana del siglo XVI: escritura, violencia y statu quo deseado en cronistas españoles de la conquista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Félix Bolaños


    Full Text Available El dominio colonial sobre el Nuevo Mundo se inició a través de prácticas ampliamente ceremoniales -poniendo cruces, estandartes, banderas y escudos de armas- marchando en procesiones, recogiendo tierra, midiendo las estrellas, trazando mapas, expresando algunas palabras especiales, o permaneciendo en silencio. Aunque la fuerza militar aseguró efectivamente su poder sobre el Nuevo Mundo, los europeos de los siglos XVI y XVII también creyeron en su derecho a dominar. Y se crearon esos derechos para sí mismos por medio de la exposición simbólica de palabras y gestos significativos, unas veces antes, otras después o simultáneamente con la conquista militar.

  5. Investigation of the status quo of massive blood transfusion in China and a synopsis of the proposed guidelines for massive blood transfusion. (United States)

    Yang, Jiang-Cun; Wang, Qiu-Shi; Dang, Qian-Li; Sun, Yang; Xu, Cui-Xiang; Jin, Zhan-Kui; Ma, Ting; Liu, Jing


    The aim of this study was to provide an overview of massive transfusion in Chinese hospitals, identify the important indications for massive transfusion and corrective therapies based on clinical evidence and supporting experimental studies, and propose guidelines for the management of massive transfusion. This multiregion, multicenter retrospective study involved a Massive Blood Transfusion Coordination Group composed of 50 clinical experts specializing in blood transfusion, cardiac surgery, anesthesiology, obstetrics, general surgery, and medical statistics from 20 tertiary general hospitals across 5 regions in China. Data were collected for all patients who received ≥10 U red blood cell transfusion within 24 hours in the participating hospitals from January 1 2009 to December 31 2010, including patient demographics, pre-, peri-, and post-operative clinical characteristics, laboratory test results before, during, and after transfusion, and patient mortality at post-transfusion and discharge. We also designed an in vitro hemodilution model to investigate the changes of blood coagulation indices during massive transfusion and the correction of coagulopathy through supplement blood components under different hemodilutions. The experimental data in combination with the clinical evidence were used to determine the optimal proportion and timing for blood component supplementation during massive transfusion. Based on the findings from the present study, together with an extensive review of domestic and international transfusion-related literature and consensus feedback from the 50 experts, we drafted the guidelines on massive blood transfusion that will help Chinese hospitals to develop standardized protocols for massive blood transfusion.

  6. ¿Quo vadis la empresa industrial española?: Fortalezas y debilidades ante los factores clave de éxito


    César Camisón Zornoza


    Este trabajo dibuja un diagnóstico estratégico de la empresa industrial española, en el contexto de los cambios que el entorno nacional e internacional plantea, a partir de dos investigaciones paralelas. El análisis externo propiciado por un estudio Delphi desarrollado con un panel internacional de 46 expertos desvela el proceso de cambio en los retos y factores claves de éxito, así como la creciente exposición y rivalidad exteriores. A su vez, el análisis interno sintetiza la ...

  7. Forschung in der Spannung zwischen Erheben des Status quo und pädagogischer Realisierung einer Vision ... – aufgezeigt am Beispiel Lebens-, Wert- und Sinnorientierung Jugendlicher im Hinblick auf die Verwirklichung von Inklusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Feiner


    Full Text Available In the article, the current KPH Graz Jugendwertestudie is displayed: • In the historical development process, as a research from the „Firmungsstu- die” to the intercultural and inter-religious Values Study • Classified in an interdisciplinary question, namely the sense and value of life • Tolerance was established as a fundamental value regarding the study • The “more” of “tolerance”, namely the “acceptance” from the religions, for example the Islam in terms of the “Projekt Weltethos” (project world ethos (H. Küng, where all religions shall use their ethical potential for the world’s future. • The learning of empathy and solidarity is viewed in an European dimension and is based on the vision of a worldwide inclusive society and a concretization of “steps into the future” is indicated too. The current European research project ETHOS has investigated the needs of all stakeholders (children, students, teachers, parents and has developed holistic pedagogical-didactic materials for the age group of 3 to 15. • The inspiring principles of the Catholic Social Doctrine as a major impetus towards a “planetarischen Bewusstseins“ (planetary consciousness (L. Boff are going to be included, where we see ourselves as “citizens of the world” and can understand and help to form a new, more inclusive society.

  8. Status quo of energy recovery from waste in special industrial facilities and evaluation of the environmental impacts of using refuse derived fuel (RDF) in cement kilns in Germany; Untersuchung der Umweltauswirkungen des Einsatzes von Abfaellen ausserhalb thermischer Abfallbehandlungsanlagen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alwast, H.; Marton, C.; Koepp, M.


    Within the study presented here the use of energy recovery from waste was analysed for several industrial facilities, focussing on cement plants, kilns in the lime and gypsum industry, steel works and plants for the production of non ferrous metals. 44 German cement plants dispose of an own clinker production. Presently 31 plants have a permit for recovering energy from waste. The total permitted capacity for energy recovery in German cement kilns amounts to nearly 2,6 Mio. t/a. Mainly waste oil, old tyres, fuel derived from processed production-specific and municipal waste, plastics, scrap wood and waste paper are co-incinerated. In 1998/99 a total amount of roughly 945.000 t refuse was processed in 30 units of the studied facilities. In five furnaces at three steel works waste can be used for energy or material recovery. The approved total capacity of high calorific waste for energy recovery comes to nearly 350,000 t/a. Especially industrial plastics and packaging waste from DSD, plastics processed in scrap mills and shreddered waste and granulated paint sludge are used. In 1998 the facilities processed only old plastic, representing a total amount of nearly 109.000 t. At present seven facilities in the non ferrous metal industry have a permit for energy recovery from waste. The maximum capacity amounts on national level to nearly 140.000 t/a. Especially waste oil, packaging waste, plastics and scrap wood can be processed. The analysis of respective applications of the 17th BImSchV shows an inconsistency within the amending permitting procedures. For the time to come a conformity between the respective regional permitting authorities would be recommendable. Moreover, the effects on air emission caused by using waste for energy recovery were analysed for cement kilns with own clinker production. Due to the amendment of the 17th BImSchV more stringent requirements regarding waste composition must be established. This is especially valid for the highly volatile mercury. For this heavy metal suitable input limitations need to be fixed. (orig.)

  9. Flore et menagerie phonetiques; Collages; Tirez a vous la couverture; A propos d'un quiproquo (Phonetic Flora and Fauna; Collages; Take the Covers; A Propos of a Quid Pro Quo). (United States)

    Francais dans le Monde, 1987


    Four suggestions for classroom language-learning activities include a series of dot-to-dot phonetics games, small group collage making and presentation, use of magazine covers to stimulate class discussion and introduction of vocabulary, and student-written sketches based on misunderstandings. (MSE)

  10. White paper. Interventional MRI. Current status and potential for development considering economic perspectives. Pt. 1. General application; White Paper. Interventionelle MRT. Status Quo und Entwicklungspotenzial unter oekonomischen Perspektiven. T. 1. Generelle Anwendungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barkhausen, Joerg [Univ. Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Luebeck (Germany). Dept. of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine; Kahn, Thomas [Clinic and Policlinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Leipzig (Germany); Krombach, Gabriele A. [Univ. Hospital Giessen (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Kuhl, Christiane K. [Univ. Hospital RWTH Aachen (Germany). Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Lotz, Joachim [Univ. Goettingen (Germany). Inst. for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Maintz, David [Univ. Hospital Cologne (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Ricke, Jens [Univ. Hospital Magdeburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine; Schoenberg, Stefan O. [Heidelberg Univ. - Univ. Medical Center Mannheim (Germany). Inst. of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine; Vogl, Thomas J. [Univ. Hospital Frankfurt (Germany). Dept. of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology; Wacker, Frank K. [Hannover Medical School (Germany). Dept. for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology


    MRI is attractive for the guiding and monitoring of interventional procedures due to its high intrinsic soft tissue contrast and the possibility to measure physiologic parameters like flow and cardiac function. The current status of interventional MRI for the clinical routine was analyzed. The effort needed for the development of MR-safe monitoring systems and instruments initially resulted in the application of interventional MRI only for procedures that could not be performed by other means. Accordingly, biopsy of lesions in the breast, which are not detectable by other modalities, has been performed under MRI guidance for decades. Currently, biopsies of the prostate under MRI guidance are established in a similar fashion. At many sites blind biopsy has already been replaced by MR-guided biopsy or at least by the fusion of MR images with ultrasound. Cardiovascular interventions are performed at several centers for ablation as a treatment for atrial fibrillation. Interventional MRI has been established in the clinical routine for a variety of indications. Broader application can be expected in the clinical routine in the future owing to the multiple advantages compared to other techniques.

  11. Quo vadis, доллар США? / Роберт Лильеквист

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Лильеквист, Роберт


    Swedbank AB Soome strateegiajuht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad USA majandust alanud aastal, dollari n.-ö. turvalise valuuta staatuse kaotamise ohtu, võlakirjade ostmise vähendamist ja selle mõju USA dollarile, Euroopa Keskpanga poliitika mõju euro ja USA dollari suhtele

  12. Status Quo and Thinking of the Application of Mobile Quick Response Code in the Library Catalogue Retrieval%手机QR码在馆藏目录检索中的应用现状及思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    图书馆采用QR码能够通过唯一的识别码将书刊的出版信息和馆藏信息表现出来,方便读者使用随身携带的手机读取识别,节省了读者的时间及手写工具的成本。目前,“国立台湾大学”图书馆、南京师范大学图书馆、上海图书馆等都推出了馆藏信息QR码服务。图书馆应积极引进手机QR码技术,提升手机QR码服务功能,开发各种语言的QR码生成类包,宣传推广QR码服务功能。%Libraries use the Quick Response(QR) code could show the publication information of books and journals and the collection information through the unique identification code. It is convenience for the reader to use the portable cell phone reading and identifying, and has saved the readers' time and the cost of writing tool. Currently, "National Taiwan University" Library, Nanjing Normal University Library, Shanghai Library have provided the QR code service of the collection information. Libraries should introduce the QR code technology actively, enhance the service function of the mobile QR code, develop QR code generated class packages in various languages, and publicize the service function of the QR code.

  13. Timing of percutaneous coronary intervention in troponin-negative patients with acute coronary syndrome without persistent ST-segment elevation: preliminary results and status quo in German chest pain units. (United States)

    Breuckmann, Frank; Hochadel, Matthias; Münzel, Thomas; Giannitsis, Evangelos; Voigtländer, Thomas; Senges, Jochen


    Management of acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-segment elevation (NSTE-ACS) and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) remains challenging. The study aimed to analyze the current management of UAP patients in German chest pain units focussing on the different time lines of invasive strategy. A total of 1400 UAP patients admitted to a certified chest pain unit were enrolled. Analyses of high-risk criteria with indication for invasive management and of 3-month clinical outcomes were performed by subgrouping UAP patients to immediate and early invasive (Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score at admission was below 140. In the remaining 12.4% of the UAP patients, PCI was performed within 24-72 hours after admission. Those patients exhibited a higher prevalence of secondary risk markers than those with conservative treatment regimen. To date, almost two-third of UAP patients at intermediate to high risk receive rapid invasive regimen within the first 24 hours after admission. Oncoming studies will have to analyze its overall guideline-adherence and resulting differences in major adverse events.

  14. Comunidades virtuales, grupos y proyectos de investigación sobre ims learning design. Status quo, factores clave y retos inmediatos [Virtual communities, research groups and projects on IMS Learning Design. State of the art, key factors and forthcoming challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Burgos


    Full Text Available We carry out a report showing the state of the art about virtual communities, research groups and projects focused on the e-learning specification IMS Learning Design or directly related to it. This specification is currently becoming the most flexible and supported de facto standard for modelling full learning processes, as a complement for any structure of educational contents. Afterwards, as a consequence of the previous study, we develop a reading and a further analysis of the current panorama, and describe the key factors that show the relevance and impact of IMS Learning Design and also the main forthcoming challenges. Realizamos una descripción del estado del arte sobre las comunidades virtuales, los grupos de trabajo y los proyectos de investigación centrados en la especificación de e-learning IMS Learning Design o desarrollados en torno a ella. Esta especificación se está convirtiendo de facto en el estándar más versátil y respaldado para modelar procesos completos de aprendizaje como complemento de estructuras de contenidos educativos. Posteriormente, y como consecuencia del estudio, desarrollamos un análisis y lectura del panorama actual con una indicación de los factores clave que muestran su impacto y relevancia y los principales retos a abordar en un futuro inmediato.

  15. China e países do Sudoeste Asiático versus Japão: uma aliança estratégica em defesa do status quo


    Graça, Magda Teixeira


    Depois de ter alcançado o reconhecimento internacional como membro permanente do CSNU, em detrimento de Taiwan, em 1971, a RPC, volvidas quase quatro décadas, tem um novo desafio a enfrentar. O Japão prepara-se para se candidatar a membro permanente do CSNU e a China poderá vir a ter de partilhar a liderança regional com um velho invasor. Barry O’Neill identificou a RPC, de entre os países que integram o círculo dos membros permanentes do CSNU, como sendo o membro que detém ...

  16. Framing Effects of Television News Coverage of Social Protest. (United States)

    McLeod, Douglas M.; Detenber, Benjamin H.


    Compares levels of status quo support in three television news stories of a single protest event. Finds that status quo support had significant effects on undergraduate viewers, leading them to be: more critical of, and less likely to identify with, the protesters; less critical of the police; and less likely to support the protesters' expressive…

  17. Regret in repeat purchase versus switching decisions : The attenuating role of decision justifiability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Inman, J.J.; Zeelenberg, M.


    The decision-making literature has consistently reported that decisions to maintain the status quo tend to be regretted less than decisions to change it. We examine the consequences of repeat purchasing (maintaining the status quo) versus switching in the context of information regarding the reason

  18. Sicherheit, Funktionalität und Wertschöpfung - die Schlüssel zur fokussierten Risikoanalyse: Vortrag gehalten auf dem 11. Osnabrücker FMEA-Forum, FMEA 2020 - Quo vadis?, 9.-10. März 2016, Osnabrück


    Schloske, Alexander


    Der Vortrag beschreibt für die verschiedenen FMEA-Arten (System-FMEA, Konstruktions-FMEA und Prozess-FMEA) wie eine Systemstrukturierung, Funktions- und Merkmalszuordnung zu erfolgen hat, um eine effiziente und effektive Risikoanalyse durchzuführen. Die Empfehlungen werden zusätzlich anhand von Beispielen erläutert. Des Weiteren wird ein kurzer Exkurs in die Funktionale Sicherheit und die Gefahrenanalyse und Risikobewertung sowie deren Zusammenhänge zur FMEA durchgeführt.

  19. Green supply chain overview and a South African case study

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Schoeman, C


    Full Text Available This paper investigates status quo concerning the environment and the human (economic) impact on its sustainability. It narrows in on the South Africa context and then focuses on the transport and supply chain's contributions. Green supply chain...

  20. AFRREV STECH: An International Journal of Science and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Educational Technology in Nigeria Universities: Statues Quo and Visions for the Future · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JU Anekwe, C Williams, 128-149 ...

  1. Part-time work: Atypical? Precarious? Normal?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hinterseer, Tobias


    .... But does that also automatically make it precarious? This article starts with an overview of developments in flexibilisation and a status-quo analysis of the part-time working arrangements in Austria as a sign of labour market flexibilisation...

  2. The Iron Curtain and the Color Line : Cold War Politics and Segregation in the Deep South

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwiers, Maarten


    How did southern politicians situate their struggle to maintain the regional racial and socioeconomic status quo within the worldwide struggle against communism? The escalating conflict with the Soviet Union enabled southern Democrats to brand progressive measures and organizations as

  3. 78 FR 66423 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request for Regulation Project (United States)


    ...-94 (TD 8690), Deductibility, Substantiation, and Disclosure of Certain Charitable Contributions (Sec... of $250 or more, and the disclosure requirements for quid pro quo contributions in excess of $75. The...

  4. 75 FR 63542 - Proposed Collection: Comment Request for Regulation Project (United States)


    ...-94 (TD 8690), Deductibility, Substantiation, and Disclosure of Certain Charitable Contributions (Sec... of $250 or more, and the disclosure requirements for quid pro quo contributions in excess of $75. The...

  5. Plaadid / Aivo Vahemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahemets, Aivo


    Uutest heliplaatidest The All-American Rejects "Move Along", Devendra Banhart "Criple Crow", Rod Stewart "Thank For The Memory", Him "Dark Light", Status Quo "the Party Ain't Over Yet", Ricky Martin "Life", Barbara Streisand "Guilty Pleasures"

  6. Return on Investment of Network Design Exchange (NDEX)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Traver, Aaron S; Harold, III, Douglas W


    .... Costs associated with the implementation and use of NDEX were contrasted to costs of the status quo design process to determine cost savings and benefits and compute the return on investment (ROI) of NDEX...

  7. The Status Que Of Bilingualism And Its Types In Education In Jordan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maram Teimeh Atallah Haddad


    .... Thus this paper shed light on bilingualism. It described illustrated evaluated and attempted to discuss bilingualism from different perspectives its definition its status quo in education in Jordan and its two major types its advantages...

  8. The claims of multiculturalism and journalism’s promise of diversity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Glasser, T.L.; Awad Cherit, I.; Kim, J.W.


    Mainstream American journalism rests on a pluralist model of democracy that conserves the status quo, essentializes culture, and trivializes diversity. A very different understanding of diversity emerges from a multiculturalist perspective that questions existing arrangements, posits a relational

  9. ALFIN, An Experiment in Adult Literacy Training in a Society in Transition (United States)

    Lizarzaburu, Alfonso E.


    The author reviews an adult literacy training program designed to go beyond status quo maintenance and to develop productive critical consciousness in individuals. Objectives, structure, personnel, and implementation details are discussed. (AV)

  10. 75 FR 60867 - Fisheries off West Coast States; Pacific Coast Groundfish Fishery Management Plan; Amendments 20... (United States)


    ... see . Although it addresses other species of fish and related uses... problems it has struggled with under status quo. It is expected to provide a basic management framework...

  11. Induction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sprogøe, Jonas; Elkjaer, Bente


    The purpose of this paper is to explore how induction of newcomers can be understood as both organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo, and to develop ways of describing this in terms of learning.......The purpose of this paper is to explore how induction of newcomers can be understood as both organizational renewal and the maintenance of status quo, and to develop ways of describing this in terms of learning....

  12. Development of an Experimental Test for Evaluating Understanding of Spoken English (United States)


    lea cuidado samnte las cuatro oragiones quo aparecen equl. Pong uns "X" an el cu1dro al ado do la oracion quo Ud. Crea ser la ~traduccon m~a ccreocta...entrada L..Jb. caliente a] . cuidado [EI a. carrotera Eld. cerrado lJ i. adid’s 18. ~] a. corrado 22. LJ a. jvenga acat b. abiorto b. iten cuidaio! D

  13. A Study of Meeting the Emotional Needs of Dying Patients and their Families at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC (United States)


    for the creation of a special thanatology team called "The Care Team". This interdisciplinary team consisting of volunteer physicians, nurses, social...the status quo, (2) establish a fully operational hospice, or (3) establish a thanatology team that is specifically designed to help dying patients... Thanatology Team To some the status quo is not acceptable, yet at the same time establishing a fully operational hospice at Walter Reed Army Medical Center

  14. Will MOOCs change the very DNA of higher education?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinsen, Anders


    Massive open online courses create great expectations about a revolution of higher education. But is it a myth that MOOCs bring change, or is the truth about MOOCs that they simply preserve the status quo?......Massive open online courses create great expectations about a revolution of higher education. But is it a myth that MOOCs bring change, or is the truth about MOOCs that they simply preserve the status quo?...

  15. Conduct of operations: The foundation of safety -- An overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willett, D.J.; Hertel, N.E.


    This paper discusses issues and approaches dealing with conceptualizing, implementing, and maintaining configuration control commensurate with the conduct of operations approach defined by DOE ORDER 5480.19. Specific topics reviewed will include key elements of assessments to determine the status quo such as assessment criteria, assessment personnel, and assessment scope; administrative programs to maintain the status quo such as organizational definition, responsibilities, interfaces, and priorities; oversight to determine control effectiveness via compliance and performance assessment.

  16. The Organization of Knowledge in a Multi-Lingual, Integrated Parser. (United States)


    presunto S maniatico sexual quo dio muerte a golpes y a punalades a una mujer do 55 anos, informiron fuentes illegadas a Is investigacion. Literally in...policia resultaron en Ia captura de un reo que dio muerte a una mujer . English: AN INTENSE POLICE INVESTIGATION resulted in the capture of a criminal who...quo afectaron cuatro pueblos del West Bank. Esto 3ueedio durante 91 poor brote do violencia anti-Pplestina on los 13 anos do ocupacion Israeli. Chinese

  17. A psychological law of inertia and the illusion of loss aversion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Gal


    Full Text Available The principle of loss aversion is thought to explain a wide range of anomalous phenomena involving tradeoffs between losses and gains. In this article, I show that the anomalies loss aversion was introduced to explain --- the risky bet premium, the endowment effect, and the status-quo bias --- are characterized not only by a loss/gain tradeoff, but by a tradeoff between the status-quo and change; and, that a propensity towards the status-quo in the latter tradeoff is sufficient to explain these phenomena. Moreover, I show that two basic psychological principles --- (1 that motives drive behavior; and (2 that preferences tend to be fuzzy and ill-defined --- imply the existence of a robust and fundamental propensity of this sort. Thus, a loss aversion principle is rendered superfluous to an account of the phenomena it was

  18. Stall/Spin Problems of Military Aircraft (United States)


    6tude de corrdlation sur calculateur. II eat bien s~r loin de noire pensde de pr~tandre en tirer la definition de Is vrille d’un avion futur. Une pr...par les ijeux juilles inclinies Nvor f .gurs 24) qui avait, le plus. chang6 Is caractbre de Ia vrille. LA encore on se trou ,,e mani- festement devant...diapositifa plus ilabor~a : c’eet ainsi quo 1e Fl 4tatt muni d’une porchotto & tine totale ot atatique "multi- trous ", ainsi quo d’un* couronno do 12

  19. Estudo comparativo de rolamento e a determinação do início de deslizamento de uma esfera num plano inclinado


    Goya,Alcides; Laburú,Carlos Eduardo; Camargo Filho,Paulo Sérgio de


    Este trabalho faz um estudo comparativo entre as velocidades de rolamento de uma esfera de aço num plano inclinado com lançamento oblíquo. Para determinar a velocidade final no plano inclinado foram utilizados cronômetros com sensores digitais, e para determinar a velocidade inicial do lançamento oblíquo foram utilizadas as equações de alcance horizontal. Através do gráfico da velocidade em função da raiz quadrada da altura do plano inclinado, foi possível determinar a faixa de compatibilidad...

  20. Avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos estabilizadores da patela durante exercício isométrico de agachamento em indivíduos com síndrome da dor femoropatelar Evaluacion eletromiográfica de los músculos estabilizadores patelares durante el ejercício isométrico de agachamiento en indivíduos con síndrome de dolor femoropatelar Electromyographic activity evaluation of the patella muscles during squat isometric exercise in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome


    Débora Bevilaqua-Grossi; Lílian Ramiro Felicio; Rebeca Simões; Kelly Rafael Ribeiro Coqueiro; Vanessa Monteiro-Pedro


    O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a atividade elétrica dos músculos vasto medial oblíquo (VMO), vasto lateral longo (VLL) e vasto lateral oblíquo (VLO) durante os exercícios isométricos de agachamento wall slide a 45º (WS 45º) e 60º (WS 60º) de flexão do joelho. Foram avaliadas 15 mulheres clinicamente saudáveis e 15 mulheres com síndrome da dor femoropatelar (SDFP). Os registros eletromiográficos foram obtidos por eletrodos ativos simples conectados a um eletromiógrafo durante a contraç...

  1. Avaliação eletromiográfica dos músculos estabilizadores da patela durante exercício isométrico de agachamento em indivíduos com síndrome da dor femoropatelar


    Bevilaqua-Grossi, Débora; Felicio, Lílian Ramiro; Simões, Rebeca; Coqueiro, Kelly Rafael Ribeiro; Monteiro-Pedro, Vanessa


    O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a atividade elétrica dos músculos vasto medial oblíquo (VMO), vasto lateral longo (VLL) e vasto lateral oblíquo (VLO) durante os exercícios isométricos de agachamento wall slide a 45º (WS 45º) e 60º (WS 60º) de flexão do joelho. Foram avaliadas 15 mulheres clinicamente saudáveis e 15 mulheres com síndrome da dor femoropatelar (SDFP). Os registros eletromiográficos foram obtidos por eletrodos ativos simples conectados a um eletromiógrafo durante a contraç...

  2. Initiation au Lambda-Calcul (An Initiation into Lambda Calculus) (United States)


    un style do preuve par r~curronce, qui est ’analogue do la r6currence structurelle traditionnelle des structuros libros , mais tenant compte du fait quo...pas libro dans M. La th6orie do la OT-r6duction nWest pas aussi 6l6ganto quo cello do la 0-r6duction souls, A causo do I’ambiguil:6 dos expressions do...donne 16 typo des variables libros . Pour los variables lies, 11 est usuet do dclarer tour typo done un champ suppl6mentaire do lop6ratour

  3. [Group psychotherapy. Experience with a changing process at a clinic of the Instituto del Servicio de Seguridad Social de los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE)]. (United States)

    Velasco de Ongay, M E


    The problems of an ISSSTE clinic were approached within the general systems theory and it was observed that within the group there existed forces to maintain the status-quo and forces towards change; to produce the latter the group was handled during 20 hours with a slightly directive technique. The goals were to improve interpersonal relationships, to increase communication, to make known to individuals their attitudes within a group and make them sensitive to problems they shared with others. The results were good, the status-quo was broken and change started occurring.

  4. An analysis of the quality of propertymanagement principles in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... state-owned residential property. Thus the DPW property-leasing function should be subjected to a review and re engineering of the current status quo with guidance from an independent property-management advisory committee or reference group. Keywords: Property leasing, public sector, surplus residential property ...

  5. Competitive Pressure on China : Factor Rewards Migration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ten Raa, T.; Pan, H.


    Our objective is to assess personal income under perfect competition, when factors are rewarded according to their productivities, and to contrast the ensuing distribution with the status quo.Competition will yield winners and losers, both in terms of factor claims and in terms of regions or

  6. The political economy of the fisheries sector in Uganda: ruling elites, implementation costs and industry interests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Anne Mette; Muhumuza, Fred; Mwebaze, Tom

    to support the establishment of effective hygiene and testing procedures. This helped the fishing industry succeed to an extent that helped create interests in the status quo. Fishermen, their dependents, and the fish processors all wanted to maintain a high level of fish catches. It was politically costly...

  7. Determining the biochemical properties of the Oxalate Biosynthetic Component (Obc)1 from Burkholderia mallei (United States)

    Oxalic acid is produced by a variety of organisms ranging from simple microbes to complex animals. This acid has been proposed to fulfill various physiological and pathological functions which vary between organisms. In bacteria from the Burkholderia genus, oxalate secretion has been shown to be quo...

  8. Important techniques in today's biomedical science research that ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    the results showed that the papers utilized an average of nine major biomedical science techniques, 9 being the mean, median, and mode showing the global status quo of diversity of methodology per scientific paper. The most popular procedures and techniques recorded in more than 1/3 of the published articles were: ...

  9. Shock events and flood risk management: a media analysis of the institutional long-term effects of flood events in the Netherlands and Poland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaufmann, M.; Lewandowski, J.; Chorynski, A.; Wiering, M.A.


    Flood events that have proven to create shock waves in society, which we will call shock events, can open windows of opportunity that allow different actor groups to introduce new ideas. Shock events, however, can also strengthen the status quo. We will take flood events as our object of study.

  10. The Latest Progress Report on ICT Application in Chinese Basic Education (United States)

    Jingtao, Zhang; Yuanyuan, Fang; Xiaoling, Ma


    Facilitating educational modernisation through information and communication technology (ICT) application in education is an important strategic measure taken by the Chinese government on the requirement of educational reform and development. After briefly introducing the status quo of Chinese basic education, this paper elaborates the significant…

  11. Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness (United States)

    Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine


    After a review of the literature elucidating the status quo for students experiencing homelessness, this article shares the results of a mixed methods study. With a phenomenological qualitative emphasis, the mixed methods study explored the perceptions of parents and children experiencing homelessness regarding their academic needs and the…

  12. Friends of Estonia discuss next move

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    1. juulil 2011 avas Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves Riigikogu konverentsikeskuses Eesti sõprade kokkutuleku raames korraldatava sümpoosioni “Quo vadis, Estonia?”, kus ütles, et Eesti järgmine eesmärk on riiklike ja ühiskondlike struktuuride tugevdamisele keskendumine

  13. Making Democracy Count: A Southern Perspective | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    For almost a decade, Latin American citizens have been showing increasing levels of disaffection for their institutions, politics, and political elites. Rates of electoral participation are declining, traditional political parties are losing support, and new political movements are challenging the status quo. At the core of this crisis ...

  14. Karl Marx and Group Therapy: An Old Warning about a New Phenomenon. (United States)

    Cooper, Terry D.


    Uses Marx's classic critique of religion to explore the social function of therapy groups. Investigates the manner in which groups conserve the status quo and argues that the Marxist critique can help promote a more realistic social awareness and a more effective perception of groups. (Author/JAC)

  15. Measurement and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delgado, A.V.; Gonzalez-Caballero, F.; Hunter, R.J.; Koopal, L.K.; Lyklema, J.


    In this report, the status quo and recent progress in electrokinetics are reviewed. Practical rules are recommended for performing electrokinetic measurements and interpreting their results in terms of well-defined quantities, the most familiar being the ¿-potential or electrokinetic potential. This

  16. Measurement and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delgado, A.V.; Gonzalez-Caballero, F.; Hunter, R.J.; Koopal, L.K.; Lyklema, J.


    In this report, the status quo and recent progress in electrokinetics are reviewed. Practical rules are recommended for performing electrokinetic measurements and interpreting their results in terms of well-defined quantities, the most familiar being the zeta-potential or electrokinetic potential.

  17. A Burkean Perspective of Romantic Jealousy. (United States)

    Byers, Peggy Yuhas

    Kenneth Burke's dramatistic theory of social movements can be applied to current romantic jealousy theories. Burke's dramaturgy has seven major elements: order, guilt, negation, victimage, mortification, catharsis, and redemption. These elements may all be transposed onto Burke's three critical motives: Order (status quo), Secret (differences…

  18. Crowding and Density (United States)

    Design and Environment, 1972


    Three-part report pinpointing problems and uncovering solutions for the dual concepts of density (ratio of people to space) and crowding (psychological response to density). Section one, A Primer on Crowding,'' reviews new psychological and social findings; section two, Density in the Suburbs,'' shows conflict between status quo and increased…

  19. "Do We Have to Call It That?" the Response of Neoliberal Multiculturalism to College Antiracism Efforts (United States)

    Case, Alissa; Ngo, Bic


    The authors discuss the ways in which neoliberal multiculturalism influences the reception and implementation of antiracist initiatives on college campuses. They suggest the intersections of neoliberalism and racism produce a resistance to antiracist efforts and desire for softened multicultural approaches that maintain the status quo. Since the…

  20. JUST Vol. 29 No. 1 April 2009

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Apr 1, 2009 ... industry to develop effective marketing strategies and to make deliberate policy ... industry might unlock its potential to contribute ... during sampling. A number of communities were purposively selected as clusters. The cluster sam- pling was followed by quota sampling where quo- tas were given to the ...

  1. Quality of care offered to children attending primary health care ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    antibiotic was prescribed in almost half (65/141) of the consultations, but antibiotic use was unwarranted in one-third of these cases. Health ... with clearly defined and monitored standard clinical practice routines and norms, is required to change the status quo. Primary .... Although both dosage and frequency of antibiotic ...

  2. Application of Data Collection Techniques by Human Performance Technology Practitioners (United States)

    Duan, Minjing


    By content-analyzing 22 published cases from a variety of professional and academic books and journals, this study examines the status quo of human performance technology (HPT) practitioners' application of five major data collection techniques in their everyday work: questionnaire, interview, focus group, observation, and document collection. The…

  3. Education and the Dangerous Memories of Historical Trauma: Narratives of Pain, Narratives of Hope (United States)

    Zembylas, Michalinos; Bekerman, Zvi


    The purpose of this article is to explore the meanings and implications of dangerous memories in two different sites of past traumatic memories: one in Israel and the other in Cyprus. Dangerous memories are defined as those memories that are disruptive to the status quo, that is, the hegemonic culture of strengthening and perpetuating existing…

  4. Leaning "Out" in Higher Education: A Structural, Postcolonial Perspective (United States)

    Jackson, Liz


    A new kind of gender equality ideology is rising in popularity in Western societies. While emphasising gender equality for the next generation, this new ideology sees feminism in a pragmatic and simplistic way, as nonthreatening to the status quo, in politics, popular culture, and economy. In the economic sphere, Sheryl Sandberg's "Lean…

  5. A Smart Social Inclusion Policy for the EU: The Role of Education and Training (United States)

    Nicaise, Ides


    Whereas in 2000 the EU had heralded the knowledge-based society with as its motto "with more and better jobs and stronger social cohesion", the past decade has led to greater inequality and (at best) a status-quo in poverty. EU2020 seems to acknowledge this failure and aims to reconnect social inclusion with the knowledge-based strategy.…

  6. Standardization of health data – ICAR guidelines including health key (United States)

    Systematic improvement of animal health requires knowledge about the status quo and reliable measures to characterize it. In dairy herds, health monitoring has gained importance to ensure sustainable and cost-efficient milk production in accordance with public expectations. In this context, standard...

  7. School Board Leadership and Policymaking in Changing Political Environments (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Diem, Sarah


    As the demographic make-up of public schools (and neighborhoods) shift and schools become increasingly segregated, the role of school boards becomes critically important in maintaining policies designed to remedy segregation and promote equal opportunity, policies which may challenge the status quo. Specifically, in school districts and…

  8. Plants, herbivores, and their interactions in human-modified landscapes


    Bähner, Kevin


    Human forest modification is among the largest global drivers of terrestrial degradation of biodiversity, species interactions, and ecosystem functioning. One of the most pertinent components, forest fragmentation, has a long history in ecological research across the globe, particularly in lower latitudes. However, we still know little how fragmentation shapes temperate ecosystems, irrespective of the ancient status quo of European deforestation. Furthermore, its interaction wi...

  9. Structures and Cultures: A Review of the Literature. Support Document 2 (United States)

    Clayton, Berwyn; Fisher, Thea; Harris, Roger; Bateman, Andrea; Brown, Mike


    This literature review aims to assist registered training organizations (RTOs) who have realised that change is now the status quo, and who are actively seeking ways to deal with change to ensure an effective workforce for the future. It focuses on providing information on organizational structures and cultures that could help RTOs to do this. The…

  10. Breaking resilience for a sustainable future: Thoughts for the anthropocene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaser, Marion; Plass-Johnson, Jeremiah Grahm; Ferse, Sebastian C. A.


    Strong resilience of a system usually enables the protection of a status quo. Most resilience studies assume that resilience-building is the central objective of sustainability work. Even though transformation has become a central theme in development and social-ecological debates, questions surr...

  11. Reform-Oriented Collaborative Inquiry as a Pedagogy for Student Teaching in Middle School (United States)

    DeMink-Carthew, Jessica


    Specialized middle level teacher education programs are an oft-purported lever for middle level education reform. Preparing teachers to enact "new" teaching practices that challenge the status quo in field placement schools presents a formidable challenge, however. This research investigated reform-oriented collaborative inquiry (ROCI),…

  12. Framing a New Standard for Teaching in Alberta (United States)

    Hull, John E.


    A research panel asked to frame the discussion for a new Teaching Quality Standard in Alberta assumes this task requires a paradigm shift away from the status quo efficiency movement. As a member of the panel, the author provides an analysis of paradigm shifts in education and recounts important lessons to be learned. The author challenges the…

  13. Framing Early Childhood Development: Strategic Communications and Public Preferences. Building State Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems Series. Number 7 (United States)

    Gilliam, Franklin D., Jr.; Bales, Susan Nall


    Maternal and child health practitioners often approach systemic change in a very practical manner: fostering a collaborative vision, engaging critical stakeholders, working with policymakers on reform, and bringing the data and experience to inform the process. Systems are often maintained at a status quo due to deep, ingrained structures,…

  14. Diverse Multilateralism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wuthnow, Joel; Li, Xin; Qi, Lingling


    in both the economic and security domains, the article argues that China’s multilateralism is diverse, and that it cannot be un-problematically characterized as either status-quo or revisionist in nature. However, the general trend appears to be towards engagement, but with an assertive tact as China...

  15. Socialization Paradox: A Challenge for Educational Leaders. (United States)

    Cline, Zulmara; Necochea, Juan


    School leaders are asked to become transformational reformers who drastically redefine school structures to meet the demographic, globalization, and technological demands of the 21st century. However, administrators' socialization process tends toward maintaining the status quo. Preparation programs must match everyday reality. (Contains 25…

  16. Managerial and Organizational Determinants of Efficiency in Research Teams (Social Sciences) (United States)


    for their travel costs in order to attend international conferences. Taking into account the present economic circumstances, money for travel classiques do l’encadrement, qui montrent quo la coexis- tence do la c onsidiration * et de la estructure *repr~sentent lo typo do

  17. Why People Aren't Using Wireless Internet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahluwalia, Punit; Gimpel, Gregory; Varshney, Upkar


    This paper proposes a new model for understanding the adoption of internet services when competing technological standards can fulfil similar needs. Using prospect theory as its theoretical foundation, the model posits that reference prices, flat rate preference, and status quo bias constitute th...

  18. 76 FR 29135 - National Defense Transportation Day and National Transportation Week, 2011 (United States)


    ... status quo. We need to develop a 21st-century transportation network--one that is safer, more energy... world is now more connected and more competitive than ever before. New companies around the world look... transportation options that cut commuting time, ease traffic congestion, reduce oil consumption, lower greenhouse...

  19. Dressing Down (United States)

    Schabes, Harvey


    Smiles and laughter reduce stress. They also renew energy and trust in ourselves and others. A characteristic of any good project manager is his or her willingness to challenge the conventional way of doing things. Use whatever tools you have available, including a sense of humor. Do you have examples of how you learned from experience, especially examples that challenged the status quo?

  20. History of aviation safety; the satisfying sighs of relief due to developments in Aviation safety

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stoop, J.A.A.M.


    ”Aviation safety is an Integral part of my career. Being part of TU Delft’s impressive record of research on Aviation safety, my career has been with a sense of purpose and a responsibility to equip students to deal with the status quo challenges on Aviation safety, developments, Investigations and

  1. La educación artística: una propuesta para el desarrollo humano

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elda Cerchiaro Ceballos


    En el presente artículo se exponen los elementos para una reflexión sobre la problemática de la Educación Artística como posibilitadora del desarrollo humano, al considerar quo el desarrollo de procesos creativos en contextos escolares...

  2. Space Contestations and the Teaching of African Philosophy in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of place accorded to Western philosophy. These, and some other reasons of practical and strategic nature, make the maintenance of the current status quo of philosophy education in African universities either hypocritical or unjustified in their unwillingness to face the challenge that the evidence on the ground points to.

  3. Wastewater treatment plants as a source of microbial pathogens in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wastewater treatment facilities have become sin quo non in ensuring the discharges of high quality wastewater effluents into receiving water bodies and consequence, a healthier environment. Due to massive worldwide increases in human population, water has been predicted to become one of the scarcest resources in ...

  4. Improving Water Demand Management Addressing Socioeconomic ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)


    Jan 20, 2012 ... Efforts to conserve water by improving water demand management policies in the Middle East and North Africa are often slowed or even thwarted by a lack of political consensus and support for water demand management from key powerful stakeholders with vested interest in the status quo. This policy ...

  5. Tissue Paper Economics and Other Hidden Dimensions of the Studio Model of Art Instruction. (United States)

    Hamblen, Karen A.


    Despite calls for change and numerous proposed alternatives, art education remains committed to the studio model. The retention of the status quo may be related to the economics of art studio materials and especially to the extensive advertising of art supply companies in art teachers' journals. (Author/IS)

  6. Media Systems and Their Effects on Women's Sport Participation in Taiwan (United States)

    Tsai, Chiung-Tzu Lucetta


    This study has attempted to explore media influences on social and cultural change, in particular the impact of the media on individuals and groups' practice of exercise. It suggests that the media has been in some way successful in gaining male support and has eliminated some gender hostilities, resulting in a little change to the status quo of…

  7. Journal - Ujah 2

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    could be right in the sense that there are variants of it as forms of political ..... is, the conservatives. They agree with the socio-economic ideas of the right that is, maintaining the status quo but would modify them with some measures of reforms to the extent that they .... In the original African political thought, the practice is.

  8. Disruptive conflicts in computopic space : Japanese sf videogames as sources of otherness and radical political imagination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roth, Martin Erwin


    Can you imagine a radically different world? In our times dominated by neoliberal capitalism, we seem to lack not only viable alternatives, but also the capacity to envision anything outside of the status quo. In this PhD thesis, I show that videogames can be a potential source of inspiration and

  9. The Canadian Legal System, the Robert Latimer Case, and the Rhetorical Construction of (Dis)ability: "Bodies that Matter?" (United States)

    Hayward, Sally


    This paper considers Judge Ted Noble's 1997 ruling of the Latimer case in terms of how it rhetorically constructs and privileges the normal, able-bodied status quo, while, at the same time, deconstructs and positions as inferior the "abnormal," dis-abled minority. In this case, Noble not only took the unprecedented step of granting…

  10. Envisioning future academic library services initiatives, ideas and challenges

    CERN Document Server

    McKnight, Sue


    There are huge challenges facing the library and information science profession. Librarians need to be 'blended professionals' who can take their professional skills and experience, and adapt them to different business models and strategic challenges. This work intends to stimulate strategic and innovative thinking and questions the status quo.

  11. An Analysis of the Special Landing Force during the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1969 (United States)


    CONSIDERATIONS Extended Operations Ashore 24 Status Quo 26 1969: RETURN TO THE SEA AND OPERATIONAL ASSESSMENTS Deja vu : ; 27 . Varying Opinions .’ 29...THE SEA AND OPERATIONAL ASSESSMENTS Deja vu On the ground, 1969 looked to be yet another year of intense fighting and high operational tempo. III MAF

  12. Striving for Change: Introducing an Interdisciplinary Approach into the Urban Primary Schools of China (United States)

    Li, Yan


    In the traditional Chinese curriculum, subjects are learned separately since students start their formal schooling. Students usually neglect the connection among different subjects, which, to some extent, restricts their way of thinking. In order to change the status quo, the focus of this paper is to explore the feasibility of introducing an…

  13. Challenging Corporate Ed Reform: And 10 Hopeful Signs of Resistance (United States)

    Karp, Stan


    Corporate school reformers like to call themselves just "reformers" and counterpose themselves to the "status quo." There is no doubt that the corporate/foundation crowd has successfully captured the media label as "education reformers." However, this political branding has little to do with reality or the substance of the issues under debate.…

  14. Design For Utility, Sustainability And Societal Virtues: Developing Product Service Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Timothy Charles; Andreasen, Mogens Myrup


    There are a number of theories that describe the necessary improvements in global environmental performance in order to maintain status quo in our ecosystem. These theories are far reaching in their ambitions, and it is not immediately apparent as to how we should be able to achieve, for example,...

  15. The use of partial least squares path modeling in international marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henseler, Jörg; Ringle, Christian M.; Sinkovics, Rudolf R.


    In order to determine the status quo of PLS path modeling in international marketing research, we conducted an exhaustive literature review. An evaluation of double-blind reviewed journals through important academic publishing databases (e.g., ABI/Inform, Elsevier ScienceDirect, Emerald Insight,

  16. The Investigation on Critical Thinking Ability in EFL Reading Class (United States)

    Zhou, Jie; Jiang, Yuhong; Yao, Yuan


    The present mixed-method study aims to find out the status quo of critical thinking ability of university non-English majors by investigating 224 non-English majors from a university in China (105 male and 119 female students, 114 art and 110 science majors, 109 freshmen and 115 sophomores were included respectively) through questionnaires and…

  17. Ways of Knowing and Ways of Evaluating: Or How Democratic Is 'Democratic Evaluation'? (United States)

    Lakomski, Gabriele


    While the intent of democratic evaluation of educational programs--to address unequal power relationships between clients, sponsors, and evaluators--is correct, it is not democratic in substance because it cannot accept as legitimate that which it wishes to change. It reaffirms the status quo. (IS)

  18. Revitalizing the Field of Educational Foundations and PK-20 Educators' Commitment to Social Justice and Issues of Equity in an Age of Neoliberalism (United States)

    Hartlep, Nicholas D.; Porfilio, Bradley J.


    In this article, we situate the imminent extinction of educational foundations within larger macro contexts, including the corporate control of knowledge production, the marginalization of critical academics who challenge the social, economic, and political status quos, and the global (United States in particular) economic recession. We also…

  19. A choice experiment application to estimate willingness to pay for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Jan 7, 2013 ... The estuary has been over-fished, putting its sustainability at risk. Various manage- .... This random utility model is converted into a choice model ..... are included in the analysis and only unlabelled alternatives are used, is that a ...... Monte. Carlo simulation evidence on the effect of the status-quo in choice.

  20. Canadian Journal of Physics. Volume 69, Number 2 (Revue Canadienne de Physique. Volume 69, Numero 2 (United States)


    mathimatiques ou chimiques , los structures chimiquos ou los entries en cause, ainsi quo sa relation avec: les connaissanceb exibtantes. complexes, qui...NSERC) naturelles et en genie du Canada has introduced a second competition for (CRSNG) a r6cemment introduit un grants in aid of the publication of

  1. Starving the messenger: A study of journalists' conditions of service ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It also found that dejection, fatalism, and individualism pervade journalists so much so that some of them seemed resigned to their status quo. Media owners seemed unwilling to engage in any debate about their journalist employees' welfare. The study concludes that under such circumstances, many Malawian journalists ...

  2. Education and Global Problems: A Note of Cautious Hope. (United States)

    Botkin, James W.

    Science and technology are at their peak, but humanity is still unsure about them, and still struggling, resulting in a "human gap." Most learning is designed to maintain the status quo ("maintenance learning"), when it should be directed at coping with and managing change ("innovative learning"). Learning, if directed towards enhancing individual…

  3. Programmes of Educational Technology in China: Looking Backward, Thinking Forward (United States)

    Fuyin, Xu; Jianli, Jiao


    There is a history of programmes in educational technology in colleges and universities in China going back about 70 years. This paper briefly reviews the developmental history of the educational technology programme in China, elaborates the status-quo of the programme and looks ahead into the future trends of educational technology development in…

  4. Caring, Courage, Justice, and Multicultural Literature. (United States)

    Siu-Runyan, Yvonne


    Teachers can teach about justice and caring across the curriculum without being didactic or moralistic. Multicultural literature can help students develop empathy and appreciation for others, think critically about society, and become motivated to change the status quo. This article outlines book selection criteria; provides a thematic, annotated…

  5. Strengthening ethical political leadership for sustainable peace and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The crisis of ethical political leadership is responsible for Africa's underdevelopment and insecurity, and its social and structural injustices. Strengthening ethical political leadership is trepiditious, given the deeply engraved status quo that appeals to political elites who command power and benefit from the system through ...

  6. Strengthening ethical political leadership for sustainable peace and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The crisis of ethical political leadership is responsible for Africa's underdevelopment and insecurity, and its social and structural injustices. Strengthening ethical political leadership is trepiditious, given the deeply engraved status quo that appeals to political elites who command power and benefi t from the system through ...

  7. Narrating and Teaching the Nation: History, Identity and the Politics of Education in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bentrovato, D


    Evidence from around the world has shown the power of narratives in shaping collective identities and memories, as well as in legitimising present status-quos and future actions − including violence and peace. As effective vehicles for anchoring dominant narratives and discourses in society,

  8. Slippery Slope Arguments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Burg, W.; Chadwick, R.F.


    Slippery slope arguments hold that one should not take some action (which in itself may be innocuous or even laudable) in order to prevent one from being dragged down a slope towards some clearly undesirable situation. Their typical purpose is to prevent changes in the status quo and, therefore,

  9. The Enigmatic Nature of the Israeli Legal System

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    enforcement action" as ... in terms of section 134(1)(c) on the papers before the court a quo, the matter would have been decided on the facts ..... (e) comparative aspect – which deals with the process where the court (if it is necessary and possible) ...

  10. Negotiating the Contested Terrain of Equity-Focused Change Efforts in Schools: Critical Race Theory as a Leadership Framework for Creating More Equitable Schools (United States)

    Pollack, Terry M.; Zirkel, Sabrina


    Educational leaders attempting to enact equity-focused change in their schools are frequently met with fierce opposition by politically powerful parents whose children are well served by the status quo. The purpose of this conceptual article is to: (a) explore the utility of "Critical Race Theory" as a framework for helping K-12 school…

  11. Don't Blame the People. (United States)

    Cirino, Robert

    The thesis of this book is that the news media use bias, distortion, and censorship to manipulate public opinion and preserve the "status quo." It is composed of numerous illustrations of "failures" on the part of the mass media to present an accurate and complete picture of reality and to present minority or unpopular viewpoints. (SH)

  12. A Quantitative Study Exploring Grading and Assessment Practices in the Middle School Environment (United States)

    Wiles, Greg


    Educators are committed to providing students the best possible education by using the practices and tools they know (Zmuda, Kuklis, & Kline, 2004). Unfortunately, the status quo for grading and assessment practices is faulty, outdated, and ineffective. Current practices have unwittingly hindered student progress and motivation (O'Connor,…

  13. Exploring the Role and Value of Creativity in Education for Sustainability (United States)

    Sandri, Orana Jade


    Creativity, innovation and divergent thinking are routinely expected to help people envision and implement alternative practices to the status quo. However, these do not feature strongly in the literature on education for sustainability in higher education (HE), and especially graduate competencies or capabilities for sustainability. The paper…

  14. Rapid urbanisation and slum upgrading : what can land surveyors do?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Molen, P.


    This paper aims at understanding the domain of rapid urbanisation and slum upgrading. Therefore it collects facts in order to clarify the status quo. The paper highlights relevant aspects, such as development of new forms of spatial planning, modern slum upgrading methods, provision of security to

  15. Granma: Cuban News and Propaganda Analysis for the Period, 1-31 January 1985. (United States)


    iales, io reflexiones. Hablemos Hie lo quo "iacoo ravolucionarios, elno les imprescindible pars vierte I aer, qulo u pensar en esta solucl6n m4.Rica Por...infrecuente Apr-_ AA afta Rs to a to# 48 mil metros perlodista quiere a gotg dal del dio se conf bra na el la .- Iicirajento exac- Seh nnid una solicitu o

  16. Professional Development of New Higher Education Teachers with Information and Communication Technology in Shanghai: A Kirkpatrick's Evaluation Approach (United States)

    Wu, Bian; Hu, Yiling; Gu, Xiaoqing; Lim, Cher Ping


    As information and communication technology (ICT) continues to develop, it is essential for teachers to acquire ability for teaching with ICT. In China, new higher education (HE) teachers often lack teaching experience because there are limited teaching opportunities during their postgraduate studies. This status quo may compromise the quality of…

  17. The U.S. National Library of Medicine and International MEDLARS Cooperation (United States)

    Corning, Mary E.


    The National Library of Medicine has eight international MEDLARS quid-pro-quo arrangements with the United Kingdom, Sweden, France, West Germany, Japan, Australia, Canada and the World Health Organization. Policy aspects of these arrangements are discussed as well as the organizational and operational characteristics of the non-U.S. Medlars…

  18. Study on Reform of College English Stratified Teaching Based on School-Based Characteristics (United States)

    Yang, Liu


    Considering the status quo of college English teaching, we implement stratified teaching, which reflects the idea of stratification in terms of teaching objects, teaching management, teaching process and assessment and evaluation, makes each students get development to the greatest extent in interactive teaching practice of teaching and learning…

  19. Flexible information infrastructures in Dutch e-government collaboration arrangements: experiences and policy implication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    V.J.J.M. Bekkers (Victor)


    textabstractHow can the flexibility of an information architecture in e-government chains - defined as a set of multi-rational agreements - be achieved, if one acknowledges the fact that the use of ICT may automate the status quo between organizations which work together in a policy chain? Research

  20. Inferior Blueberries and Other Excuses I've Heard (United States)

    Van Winkle, David


    In this article, the author relates the blueberry story, as one of many excuses for barely advancing the status quo, and suggests a workable framework that is common to both education and business. Unfortunately, many business and education leaders seem intent on fixing specific issues and fail to acquire a systemic perspective. These isolated…

  1. Actuvirtualized Activity and Passivity in the Political Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind


    to change the political reality (revolutionaries), but also how vulnerable it is to neutralization by more conservative groups (the status quo). The tools for neutralization arise from the same condition that makes the experiments possible: the relative emancipation from national and physical constraints...

  2. In Defense of Mathematics and Its Place in Anarchist Education (United States)

    Wolfmeyer, Mark


    This article reclaims mathematics from the measures of profit and control by first presenting an anarchist analysis of mathematics' status quo societal uses and pedagogic activities. From this analysis, a vision for an anarchist math education is developed, as well as suggestions for how government school practitioners sympathetic to anarchism can…

  3. The State Education Is In: Recognising the Challenge of Achieving a Fair Educational System in Post-Brexit, Austerity England (United States)

    Reay, Diane


    This article examines the problem of the wider economic and political context for any project aimed at achieving a fairer educational system. The consequences of the current status quo can be seen in diminishing funding and rising inequalities. The author argues that the answer lies not in tinkering with an unjust education system but rather in…

  4. Going Creative: Becoming Free. (United States)

    Bakker, Nigel


    This speech examines damage done to young children's creativity by schooling systems which emphasize left-brain activity, bureaucracy, and the maintenance of the status quo. Proposed as an alternative is Huston Smith's fourfold education scheme: subjective education; education for surprise; education for surrender; and education for words.…

  5. Physics and dynamics coupling across scales in the next generation CESM: Meeting the challenge of high resolution. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larson, Vincent E.


    This is a final report for a SciDAC grant supported by BER. The project implemented a novel technique for coupling small-scale dynamics and microphysics into a community climate model. The technique uses subcolumns that are sampled in Monte Carlo fashion from a distribution of subgrid variability. The resulting global simulations show several improvements over the status quo.

  6. Publii Ovidii Nasonis Tritium Liber V. Commentario exegetico instructus.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, Jacobus Theodorus


    Magnae calamitateas aios poetas aliter afficiunt. Sunt qui omnino taceant, aliorum quidem ingenii vena non deficit, sed de nulla fere alia re scribere possunt nisi de calamitate sua. Inter quos Ovidius numerandus est. Nam scripta cluerelarum plena composuit, quae inscribuntur Libri quinque Tristium.

  7. An Analysis of Alternatives for Reducing Outpatient Military Health Care Costs for Active Duty Members and their Families: Implementing a Recommended Savings Strategy Using Defense Acquisition Principles (United States)


    preventive medical care or yearly checkups are avoided to forgo out-of-pocket expenses, the DoD could potentially spend a significantly amount of money...members to have yearly medical , vision, and dental checkups . The military already has a similar policy under the status quo and it should continue...Historical Medical Spending ([Taken from Congressional Budget Office])6

  8. The Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching. Volume 4, Number 2, Summer 1979. (United States)

    Journal of Suggestive-Accelerative Learning and Teaching, 1979


    This issue on suggestive learning contains the following articles: (1) "A Time of Growth," by Kay U. Herr; (2) "Sophrology and Suggestology/Suggestopedia: The Same System with a Different Name?" by W. Jane Bancroft; (3) SALT-Quo Vades or Caveat Emptor," by O. L. Caskey; (4) "A Comparison of Suggestopaedia and…

  9. War outside, ceasefire inside

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giangreco, Antonio; Carugati, Andrea; Sebastiano, Antonio


    appraisal system at Hebron Public Hospital: the need to find peace within the organization (organizational peacefulness logic); and the need to maintain order through the acceptance of the status quo (dominance logic). These results allow us to draw conclusions for theory and practice of HR management...

  10. Faculty Gender Equity Study at UCSD: The Successes, The Problems, and Some Remedies (United States)

    Lindenberg, Katja


    Faculty gender equity issues and concerns have become a point of focus across the entire University of California system, with serious efforts at the systemwide as well as individual campus levels to understand the status quo, correct inequities, and create a family friendly environment. We discuss the methodology, results, and ongoing efforts at UCSD.

  11. The Urbanization Scrapbook. A Collection of Articles on Urban Issues for Use in Secondary Schools. Global Issues Reading Kit #3: Urbanization. Revised 1992. (United States)

    Gage, Andrew, Ed.; Ockenden, Sandy, Ed.

    The articles in this scrapbook present a global perspective that is both alarming and hopeful. Drawing from Southern and Northern experiences the articles describe a world in crisis, but they don't stop there. By critically examining the status quo, the articles attempt to get to the roots of the crisis, and then move onto describing avenues for…

  12. Between Elkanah And The Contemporary Male: History, Her(Story ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    he insistence on social construction of roles for the sexes has for centuries privileged the ... by the status quo to oppress or marginalize a segment of the society. ... Sex Difference: The use of biological differences between male and female to ...

  13. Can We Create a "Gold Standard of Education" for Our Children through the "Advancement via Independent Determination (AVID) Program"? (United States)

    Gaskins, Darlene


    We need to come together as a team and become one system of total quality improvement regarding the education of our nation's children. In order to achieve a gold standard in the education of our nation's children, leadership has to be willing to go against the status quo and build bridges for long-term sustainable change. In order to survive,…

  14. Abuso sexual por parte de los empleados del colegio (Sexual Misconduct by School Employees). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Goorian, Brad

    This digest in Spanish defines sexual misconduct and offers guidelines that school boards and administrators can initiate to protect students from unwanted sexual behavior. The law recognizes two types of sexual misconduct: quid pro quo, when a school employee grants a student a favor in exchange for sexual gratification, and hostile environment,…

  15. Physics and Language--Science and Rhetoric: Reviewing the Parallel Evolution of Theory on Motion and Meaning in the Aftermath of the Sokal Hoax. (United States)

    Desilet, Gregory


    Argues that the deconstructive practice of disturbing the status quo between opposites constitutes one of the central themes of physics since the Enlightenment. Summarizes parallel developments in physics and language studies from Aristotle to Einstein. Contends that to question postmodern language theory exemplified in deconstruction necessitates…

  16. Nigerian women embrace gender equality but dislike the social ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    At a particular level of analysis, the focus of gender activism is to reverse and change the status quo in which men in the society are deemed to be superior to women in certain issues and have more opportunities to do certain things, than women. Gender activists, gender scholars and most women around the world want this ...

  17. Veto players

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Warntjen, Andreas; Dowding, Keith


    Veto players are political actors whose consent is necessary to adopt a new policy. Put otherwise, they have veto power which allows them to prevent a change to the status quo. The concept is crucial to the influential veto player theory developed by George Tsebelis. Building on earlier work in

  18. English Teacher Education as Literacy Teacher Education (United States)

    Mayher, John S.


    This article presents the author's keynote address from the 2011 CEE Summer Conference at Fordham University in which he challenges educators to rethink what they do and how they do it. He talks about English teacher education as literacy teacher education. He tries to sketch a picture of the status quo and its limits, and an alternative picture…

  19. A "Judicious" Use of L1 in TL Classroom: Socio-Political, Psychological and Functional Dimensions (United States)

    Awan, Muhammad Afzal; Sipra, Muhammad Aslam


    In the present study, the authors deliberate that there are no separate boxes in human brain to restrict two different languages to interact with each other. The practice on ground is strongly in favour of allowing L1 to support target language (TL). The paper contests the status quo of maximal input hypothesis and documents enough research in the…

  20. Available, accessible, acceptable and adaptable education for indigenous people in Mexico: A statistical review

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anne Julia Koester


    .... (1999, General Comment no. 13) The aim of the review is to describe the status quo and to visualize duties for institutions and key actors from the field of indigenous as well as intercultural and bilingual education in México...

  1. (Re)imagining higher education for sustainable futures | le Grange ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The pace of technological and environmental changes has reached unprecedented levels in recent decades. It is unlikely that the accelerating pace of these changes will slacken from "the rising gale forces our species has set in motion" (Jones 1998:231). Critical futures scholars argue that the status quo future is ...

  2. Kliniken auf dem Weg zur digitalen Informationsversorgung: Evaluation und Neustrukturierung der Zeitschriftenbeschaffung eines Klinikkonzern / Hospitals heading for digital information supply: evaluation and restructuring of the journal acquisition of a group of affiliated hospitals (Product Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stadler Manfred


    Full Text Available The provision of professional information in hospitals as well as the need of both physicians and purchasers to streamline the process by means of appropriate solutions challenge all players in the value chain. This article describes a case study from the evaluation of the status quo to the implementation of the resulting project steps.

  3. Austen and Eliot: A Change in Teaching Approach. (United States)

    Lescinski, Joan M.

    Before the insights of feminist criticism altered the way many writers are examined, Jane Austen and George Eliot were usually considered to be upholders of the status quo. The explosion in criticism in the last two decades, however, has reshaped and reinterpreted the canon, and has changed the way one academic teaches these two novelists. Using…

  4. Semiology, Ideology, "Praxis": Responsible Authority in the Composition Classroom. (United States)

    Laditka, James N.


    Argues that composition teachers must examine critically the assumptions that govern their personal lives and professional practices. Points out that value-free education can be negative if it effectively supports an unjust status quo. Suggests that composition instruction should be designed to trigger student analysis of society and its…

  5. Fluid Dynamics of Three-Dimensional Turbulent Shear Flows and Transition: Conference Proceedings of the Symposium of the Fluid Dynamics Panel Held in Cesme (Turkey) on 3-6 October 1988 (United States)


    significant conclusion from this work is that surface roughness (even the smallest of particles) appears to be a strong forcing agent for streamwise...ou uno combi- naison do mianipulateurs externo LOL et intorno (riblets) . Cos mosuros ant tendanco 6 Lrnd:iquor quo los offets dois de.-ux tvn-es do

  6. Who is Allowed to Speak about Africa?: A Reflection on Knowledge ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Africanist scholars are thus confronted with a number of epistemological challenges and problematic decisions to take if they aim at contributing to scholarship opposing the hegemonic bias of the status quo. This article engages with one of these possible counterhegemonic choices – the decision to privilege African ...

  7. The Widening Gap between Education and Schooling in the Post 9/11 Era. (United States)

    Shujaa, Mwalimu J.


    Likens the educational tensions of the post 9-11 era to those of the Vietnam war period, asserting that education is a process of culture and identity transmission, while schooling is intended to ensure that status quo power relationships are maintained. Argues that for persons of African descent, education means developing knowledge bases…

  8. The Politics of Data Use (United States)

    Henig, Jeffrey R.


    Background/Context: Many contemporary education reformers present themselves as reformers who, armed with data and evidence, are locked in battle against politics, the weapon of choice for entrenched defenders of the status quo. Although studies of school reform increasingly recognize that politics is inevitably intertwined with reform efforts,…

  9. Turbulence, Perturbance, and Educational Change (United States)

    Beabout, Brian R.


    While scholarship on educational change has long accepted that disruptions to the status quo are an essential part of the change process, disruption has never been more central to planned change than it is in the current political context in the USA, where legislation has mandated school closure, reconstitution, and turnaround as required remedies…

  10. What Should University Admissions Tests Predict? (United States)

    Stemler, Steven E.


    University admissions tests should predict an applicant's ability to succeed in college, but how should this success be defined and measured? The status quo has been to use 1st-year grade point average (FYGPA) as the key indicator of college success, but a review of documents such as university mission statements reveals that universities expect…


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    fields cannot cope. Thus philosophy remains a “medicina mentis,”2 a „terminus a quo et terminus ad quem‟3 of all disciplines and is thus a „ratio essendi‟ for human development. We used expository method of approach in this paper. Introduction. Untrained mind is totally berserk of ingredients for human development.

  12. Relationship between Spain and the United States during the 18th and 19th Centuries (United States)


    Franklin, y Lee Is inteligencia do los puntos quo so tocason, ai no los concebian bien. y a mi igualmente por Ia explicac16n de ellba. *Preguntd al Dr...In inl inteligencia en loR mieinbros del Congreso". Respondi6 mii lucintamente qtie no. Pitni shritles tin poco el diiilflO, y que no ettrtfaasn Ian

  13. Counsellor Education as Humanist Colonialism: Seeking Post-Colonial Approaches to Educating Counsellors by Exploring Pathways to an Indigenous Aesthetic (United States)

    Bowers, Randolph


    This narrative reflection emerged during a time of personally reconnecting with Mi'kmaq First Nation culture and heritage while working in the mainstream roles of counsellor educator and educationalist in Australia. The essay expresses turning points along a path of increasing political and social discomfort with the status quo in counsellor…

  14. The English Education in Primary Schools in Minor Ethnic Areas in Western China--Taking Leshan City as an Example (United States)

    Bing, Wang


    As we all know, China is a country with many ethnic minorities mainly living in the northeastern and southwestern China. The English education in the primary schools in these areas is an important issue. The article analyzes the status quo of English education in primary schools in minor ethnic areas, taking the Leshan city, a western one as an…

  15. 7. Kah.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Dec 17, 2012 ... significant roles in socialising young children (Coltrane 1988:1085; Jaeckel. 2006:3) rather than in their home care. The status quo in childcare roles between fathers and mothers is strengthened by the argument that mother's roles have been monopolised and transferred to their daughters in a never.

  16. Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa Vol ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    preservation goes beyond protection of the body to include even the preservation of self dignity and personality. However, in ... bodies, souls, and will of those that antagonize the status quo in political leadership. But since political agitation is not a ..... have not betrayed their moral conviction. These warders do function to ...

  17. Oil Politics and its social implications in the Niger Delta: A study of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The oil politics in the Niger Delta has assumed a global dimension. It is stronger and more complex by the day. It is now a diplomatic weapon even more deadly and efficient than the nuclear warhead to effect any political change and or to maintain the status quo in any part of the globe. This has led to the militarization of the ...

  18. The times they are a-changin'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gupta, S.


    The global civil aviation industry is currently dominated by two major powers in the form of Boeing and Airbus. The market has been characterized as a duopoly. However, this status quo is by no means immutable. Over the coming decades, growing demand might lead to other companies making their mark

  19. Implications of Freire's pedagogy for teacher education in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Freire‟s concept of education, which he calls problem-posing education, can best he understood against its polar counterpart, which he calls the Banking model of education. Education in colonial and ex-colonial territories functions to perpetuate in disguise the status quo. In the banking pedagogy, the teacher is very ...

  20. From a Pedagogy of Vulnerability to a Pedagogy of Resilience: A Case Study of the Youth and Gender in Media Project (United States)

    Funk, Steven; Funk, Jaydi


    Much media attention has recently focused on gender expansive students in schools. Whether arguing over bathroom rights or wardrobe freedoms, many educators feel caught in a crossfire between protecting their students and maintaining the status quo of an extremely binary educational system. After reviewing the history of the pathologization of…

  1. Madness As A Signifier: A Study Of Doris Lessing's Briefing For A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Based on Michel Foucault's idea of the power/knowledge relationship reflecting a sense of cultural criticism of the modern world, this paper investigates the issue of madness as a signifier in Briefing for a Descent into Hell, challenging the status quo of culture from all aspects, socio-political, medical, historical perspectives.

  2. An Empirical Study on Business English Teaching and Development in China--A Needs Analysis Approach (United States)

    Guiyu, Dai; Yang, Liu


    This paper first reviews the developmental history and status quo of Business English Program in China. Then based on the theory of needs analysis, it researches on 226 questionnaires from Business English Program students from Guangdong University of Foreign Studies to investigate the problems encountered and current situation of Business English…

  3. School Choice and School Discipline: Why We Should Expect the Former to Improve the Latter (United States)

    Garen, John


    This article argues that school choice/competition ought to play a central role in determining school discipline policy. Unfortunately, the status quo emphasizes disciplinary rules established by central authorities and school choice is often limited. The author provides an overview of these issues and presents a model of rules- versus…

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical community and urgent and serious consideration will have to be given to tort reform. The threat of litigation: Private obstetric care – quo vadis? Graham Howarth, MB ChB, MMed (O&G), MPhil (Bioethics). Head of Medical Services: Africa, Medical Protection Society, and part-time lecturer, Steve Biko Centre for ...

  5. The Knowledge Economy in the Context of European Union Policy on Higher Education (United States)

    Zantout, Hind; Dabir-Alai, Parviz


    In recent years, EU policy-makers have acknowledged the role of universities in supporting the knowledge economy and a common approach on higher education has been evolving. The problem faced is one single market with widely varying higher education systems. The ongoing drive to examine, assess and change the existing status quo began with the…

  6. Stability in Aerospace Systems (La Stabilite dans Les Systemes Aerospatiaux) (United States)


    concept de stabilite doit &tre 6galement consid&r6 d’un point de vue th~orique. par exemple. en examinant les consequences des incertitudes sur les...penchaient sur leurs pojets. au fur et a mesure quo les difficultes CtaienOt surniontees, l’accroissement recherche doi domain de Get intkrkt ne sest pas d

  7. Profiling classroom reading comprehension development practices ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The status quo of reading comprehension teaching in South African primary schools. Depending on the medium of instruction at each school, reading skills in South African schools are developed during the Foundation Phase of schooling using home language readers (Pretorius, 2002). Much emphasis is placed on ...

  8. Indigenous Governance among the Southern Afar (ca. 1815-1974 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The objective of this paper is to identify the elements of indigenous governance and the mechanisms of how this indigenous governance kept peace and stability in between 1815-1974. It also attempts to investigate how the status quo was affected by the internal and external factors that withered the dynamics of indigenous ...

  9. A Sociopolitical Eclipse: The Surrendering of Two Super Systems to Promote Equity in U.S. Education (United States)

    Bass, Lisa


    In this analysis, I argue that inequitable social and educational policies and practices hinder equity in the U.S. educational system. I challenge and critique the status quo, and the nation's current efforts toward educational equity. I then propose a radical shift in educational policy--a surrendering of social and political systems for the…

  10. Message Effects of Public Service Advertising. (United States)

    Lynn, Jerry R.

    Public service advertisements, disseminated via the mass media, have been credited with "positive attitudinal effects" in past research, but only certain kinds of such advertisements are really effective. Of the types of appeals used in television commercials--informative, emotional, "establishment" (or status quo), and…

  11. State of Mississippi Campuses Step Up to the Challenge (United States)

    Hug, Jack


    Making the right decisions at the right time is critical. Following through on those decisions is challenging and can take courage. One example of a group of institutions and facility management professionals stepping up to the task and having the courage to challenge the status quo is the State of Mississippi Institutions of Higher Learning…

  12. Giftedness as Property: Troubling Whiteness, Wealth, and Gifted Education in the United States (United States)

    Mansfield, Katherine Cumings


    The purposes of this article are to illumine the racist genealogy of gifted education policies and practices in the United States, to demonstrate how deficit discourses continue today, and to provide personal examples from the field of how educators can begin to question the status quo, resist taken-for-granted assumptions, and alternatively make…

  13. Complicated Contradictions Amid Black Feminism and Millennial Black Women Teachers Creating Curriculum for Black Girls (United States)

    Nyachae, Tiffany M.


    Millennial Black women teachers wrestle with two simultaneous burdens: disrupting the racist and sexist status quo of schooling through curriculum, and employing tactics to survive school politics among their majority White women colleagues. This article describes how the "Sisters of Promise" (SOP) curriculum aligned with Black feminism…

  14. Political accountability and policy experimentation: why to elect left-handed politicans?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willems, T.


    In an environment where voters face an inference problem on the competence level of policy makers, this paper shows how subjecting these policy makers to reelection can reduce the degree of policy experimentation to the benefit of the status quo. This may be a reason why some notable policy

  15. A Comparative Study of Learning Curve Models in Defense Airframe Cost Estimating (United States)


    I. Introduction General Issue In 2008, the United States’ economy took a plunge that affected every industry from the real-estate market to...quo for the sake of simplicity or nostalgia . If a more accurate learning model exists that can be applied to cost estimating within the Defense

  16. (De)constructing globalisation | van Niekerk | South African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The modernist drive for order contrasts with the post-modern acceptance of pluralism. The world finds itself in a crisis of difference, and we can no longer count on a harmonious society that embraces a dominant status quo with its values. Globalisation as an organising principle seems to contradict the complexity of a ...

  17. The Year We Thought about Love (2014) Ellen Brodsky--Director/Producer (United States)

    Caruso, John, Jr.


    This article describes a film entitled "The Year we Thought about Love" (2014) in which a LGBQT troup of teens who are part of a youth troupe called True Colors present the diversity of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender lives in art. Their mission is to break through personal isolation, challenge the status quo, and build thriving…

  18. Advanced Economic Analysis (United States)

    Greenberg, Marc W.; Laing, William


    An Economic Analysis (EA) is a systematic approach to the problem of choosing the best method of allocating scarce resources to achieve a given objective. An EA helps guide decisions on the "worth" of pursuing an action that departs from status quo ... an EA is the crux of decision-support.

  19. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    coding schema, allowing room for further themes to emerge during the .... Infection control. Interviewees reported the desire to improve certain aspects of the hospital setup in Ghana that were related to controlling the spread of infections. .... rethinking and challenging the status quo of medical training in the delivery of care ...

  20. Provocative design for unprovocative designers : Strategies for triggering personal dilemmas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ozkaramanli, D.; Desmet, P.M.A.; Lloyd, Peter; Bohemia, Erik


    Traditional design approaches stimulate the creation of products that make daily interactions more efficient, comfortable, and pleasant. In contrast, provocative design approaches, such as critical design, have a different focus: they aim to challenge the status quo through products that expose

  1. Studies to Control Endemic Typhoid Fever in Chile (United States)


    muiestras die sucro sanguineo se cistitis presentaba litiasis vesicular. sometieron a I& prueba die Widal pana die- En cl cuadro 2 se indica Ia...muostra 5 1 exhmenft sealhadoe en el laboratorio del quo so tomaron en loe sicte -talecimien- Hospital Sanjuan do Dkni, quc so indu~en uo. I& propori6n

  2. 75 FR 3281 - Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions and Intermediaries (United States)


    ... bill which would have maintained the status quo for institutional off-exchange forex trading, leaving jurisdiction over on-exchange trading in futures and options contracts on forex with the newly-created... only excluded spot or forward forex transactions from the Commission's jurisdiction, and that trading...

  3. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-


    Uutest heliplaatidest Talib Kweli "The Beautiful Struggle", Evanescence "Anywhere But Home", Fly Pan Am "N'Ecoutez Pas", Status Quo "XS All Areas - The Greatest Hits", Stevens, Shakin "Collectable", Europe "Rock The Night. Very Best Of", Nas "Video Anthology", Nas "Street Disciple", Miossec "1964"

  4. Spirit-ness at Work: Connections between Workplace Spirituality, Transformative Learning, and Social Justice (United States)

    Tolliver, Derise E.


    The workplace is a place where we show up as human beings, subject to human experience. People are no longer willing to leave their spirit-ness at the door. In reality, spirit-ness shows up "without permission" as a revolutionary, powerful, and transformative way of being in a world that too often supports status quo activities that are…

  5. Taking Stock of Behavior Therapy: For Better or Worse. (United States)

    Goldfried, Marvin R.

    The author examines those potential negative effects that appear to be intrinsically associated with behavior therapy. The behavior therapist faces the potential danger of encouraging what is likely to be reinforced by the client's environment, thereby maintaining a societal status quo which, in itself, may be harmful. The author mentions the use…

  6. The Pit and the Pendulum: Civil-military Relations in an Age of Austerity (United States)


    protect the status quo — or, as Rep. Duncan Hunter put it, “adding drama to the sequester debate.” Nor are they, as some contend, inappropriately offering...service when a major theater conflict demands a massive response, as happened in 1950, when North Korean forces streamed south, and in 1990, when Iraq

  7. 75 FR 62305 - National Energy Awareness Month, 2010 (United States)


    ... settling for the status quo, and between leading the world in clean energy and lagging behind. We must..., rewarding innovation, and developing clean energy industries here at home. Fossil fuel pollution has already... clean, domestic sources of energy, harness the innovation of our brightest minds, promote our world...

  8. "It's Just Too Sad!": Teacher Candidates' Emotional Resistance to Picture Books (United States)

    Papola-Ellis, Aimee


    The use of critical literacy with children's books that focus on social issues and disrupt the status quo can be a powerful way to create spaces for conversations with students about social justice and empowerment. Teacher candidates in a semester long children's literature course were asked to respond to a range of children's texts that dealt…

  9. Estudo anatômico da parede anterior do abdome em cadáver e hérnia de Spiegel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Luiz Squilacci Leme

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Tentar correlacionar a hérnia de Spiegel com eventuais alterações anatômicas da parede anterolateral do abdome. Abordar as particularidades do estudo anatômico em cadáver, com destaque aos músculos oblíquo interno, transverso abdominal, aponeurose de Spiegel, linha semilunar e ao aparecimento de hérnias de Spiegel. MÉTODO: A parede anterolateral do abdome foi dissecada em 31 cadáveres frescos do Departamento de Patologia da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, sendo realizada nos dois primeiros cadáveres a dissecção unilateral e nos 29 restantes o estudo bilateral da parede abdominal, completando 60 dissecções. Considerando que operamos no Hospital São Luiz Gonzaga, da Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, 13 doentes com 14 hérnias de Spiegel, pudemos correlacionar os elementos clínicos aos estudos anatômicos em cadáver. RESULTADOS: Defeitos encontrados nos músculos e aponeuroses: Oblíquo externo: 4/60 (6,6% - Oblíquo interno: 6/60 (10% - Transverso abdominal: 14/60 (23,3%. Disposição dos músculos em forma de feixes de fibras: Oblíquo interno: 10/60 (16,6% - Transverso abdominal: 12/60 (20%. CONCLUSÕES: As variações anatômicas e os defeitos encontrados, durante as dissecções do oblíquo interno e transverso abdominal, não se acompanharam de hérnias de Spiegel no cadáver, já a gordura pré-peritoneal, dissecando as fibras da aponeurose de Spiegel e oblíquo interno, foi encontrada nas operações e nas dissecções, podendo representar uma relação entre os defeitos musculoaponeuróticos da parede anterolateral do abdome e a hérnia de Spiegel.

  10. Apathy towards the Integration of Usability Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wale-Kolade, Adeola; Nielsen, Peter Axel


    In this article we report from a case study of a software development organization and we study in particular the developers’ and product managers’ attitudes towards integrating usability work into software development. We offer explanations based on system justification theory illuminating what...... of inequality between the developers and usability designers rationalizes the preservation of status quo. These findings will have significant implications for managers of software development....... would-be integrators might be up against. The analysis shows how the developers only pay lip service to usability work and how they treat users superficially. It further shows how that leads to stereotyping of usability designers and users in order to preserve status quo, and how internalization...

  11. El permanecer como experiencia de vida (el cuerpo herido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jimeno Tarazona


    Full Text Available La siguiente es una propuesta libre sobre la creación estética a través de la performancia. En este el autor crea un "doble" pare hablar desde la estética y la pedagogía sobre los conflictos de biopoder o poder de la vida en un país quo como Colombia atraviesa enlutables formes de violencia armada y cotidiana quo convocan nuestra sensibilidad y acción para transformar estos hechos crueles en oportunidades pare la vida. En ello, el arte y la reflexión educativa están llamadas a construir con nuevos códigos y procesos, un mejor ser, hacer, estar, y estar con los demás en nuestros tiempos.

  12. Inaugurating Rationalization: Three Field Studies Find Increased Rationalization When Anticipated Realities Become Current. (United States)

    Laurin, Kristin


    People will often rationalize the status quo, reconstruing it in an exaggeratedly positive light. They will even rationalize the status quo they anticipate, emphasizing the upsides and minimizing the downsides of sociopolitical realities they expect to take effect. Drawing on recent findings on the psychological triggers of rationalization, I present results from three field studies, one of which was preregistered, testing the hypothesis that an anticipated reality becoming current triggers an observable boost in people's rationalizations. San Franciscans rationalized a ban on plastic water bottles, Ontarians rationalized a targeted smoking ban, and Americans rationalized the presidency of Donald Trump, more in the days immediately after these realities became current compared with the days immediately before. Additional findings show evidence for a mechanism underlying these behaviors and rule out alternative accounts. These findings carry implications for scholarship on rationalization, for understanding protest behavior, and for policymakers.

  13. The dynamics of social innovation. (United States)

    Young, H Peyton


    Social norms and institutions are mechanisms that facilitate coordination between individuals. A social innovation is a novel mechanism that increases the welfare of the individuals who adopt it compared with the status quo. We model the dynamics of social innovation as a coordination game played on a network. Individuals experiment with a novel strategy that would increase their payoffs provided that it is also adopted by their neighbors. The rate at which a social innovation spreads depends on three factors: the topology of the network and in particular the extent to which agents interact in small local clusters, the payoff gain of the innovation relative to the status quo, and the amount of noise in the best response process. The analysis shows that local clustering greatly enhances the speed with which social innovations spread. It also suggests that the welfare gains from innovation are more likely to occur in large jumps than in a series of small incremental improvements.

  14. La fundación de Carteya. Algunas notas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando WULFF ALONSO


    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La fundación de la colonia de Carteya en el a. 171 a.C. resulta de enorme interés por muchas razones, una de ellas por los mismos problemas que ha suscitado la información que tenemos y que se reduce a unas breves líneas de Tito Li vio, que dicen así (T. Livio 43, 3, 3-4: «Et alia novi generis hominum ex Hispania legado venit. Et militibus Romanis et ex Hispanis mulieribus, cum quibus conubium non esset, natos se memorantes, supra quattuor milia hominum, orabant ut sibi oppidum in quo habitarent daretur. Senatus decrevit, uti nomina sua apud L. Canuleium profiterentur eorumque, si quos manumississet (manumississent, eos Carteiam ad Oceanum deduci placeré; qui Carteiensium domi manere vellent, potestatem fieri, uti numero colonorum essent, agro adsignato. Latinam earn coloniam esse libertinorumque appellari»

  15. Forschungsdatenmanagement an Hochschulen: das Beispiel der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxi Kindling


    Full Text Available Wie nahezu jede wissenschaftliche Einrichtung steht auch die Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin heute vor der Herausforderung mit den zunehmend in digitaler Form vorliegenden Forschungsdaten umzugehen. Basierend auf den Ergebnissen einer im Jahr 2013 durchgeführten Umfrage zum Umgang mit digitalen Forschungsdaten werden die Ausgangssituation charakterisiert, der Status Quo eingeordnet und strategische Überlegungen für das Forschungsdatenmanagement vorgestellt. Nearly all academic institutions are presently facing the challenge of ever-growing amounts of digital research data. A comprehensive survey on current research data holdings and researchers needs in supporting their path to good research data management was run at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in the first quarter of 2013. In this paper we present the initial situation, evaluate the status quo and reflect about the next strategic steps.

  16. Notas sobre la Crisis y los Partidos Políticos en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este articulo, el autor esboza los rasgos más conflictivos de la institucionalidad política en Brasil. En la actual situación de crisis estructural, los partidos políticos se ven presos de una lógica conservadora del status quo. Sin embargo, existen exepciones (PT y PSDB que articulan sus esfuerzos renovadores con iniciativas que se dan en la sociedad civil en dirección del pacto social.ABSTRACT: In this article, the author reviews the more conflictive features of the Brasilian political institutions. Nowadays, in a position of structural crisis, the political parties are catched into a conservative logical of the status quo. However, there are exceptions (PT and PSDB that articulate their regenerater efforts whith several iniciatives from civil entities on the way of the social contract.

  17. How to compare the social foundations of science culture: A trial with five cities in Korea. (United States)

    Song, Jinwoong; Chung, Minkyung; Choi, Eunjeong; Kim, Leekyoung; Cho, Sook-Kyoung


    Though there have been several indicator systems to monitor the status quo of science and technology and of scientific literacy, few are especially designed for science culture, especially for its social dimension. Furthermore there is little agreement on how to measure it. In a previous study, an indicator system, SCI (Science Culture Indicators), had been developed to monitor the status quo of the science culture of a nation at both individual and social dimensions. The purpose of this study was to explore a practical way to measure and compare local cities' social foundation of science culture by revising and standardizing the social dimension of SCI and by applying it to five metropolitan cities in Korea. Despite some limits, the results of this study appear not only to reflect the cities' current situations but also to show the strength and weakness of their social foundation of science culture.

  18. Rational use of energy via heat recovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groscurth, H.M. (Inst. fuer Energiewirtschaft und Rationelle Energieanwendung (IER), Stuttgart Univ. (Germany))


    The linear, stochastic optimization model ECCO has been developed as a computerized planning tool for case studies on integrated energy management involving heat recovery by heat exchanger networks, heat pumps and cogeneration. The procedure of stochastic optimization is described in detail. For a model city, which consists of three districts with together nearly 20,000 inhabitants and 4 industrial companies, we obtain the following results: Via heat recovery and cogeneration, the primary energy input into the energy system of the model city may be reduced by 25% compared to a status quo scenario. At the same time, the CO[sub 2]-emissions are reduced by 31% with some fuel switching from coal to natural gas being involved. Introducing waste heat recovery and cogeneration into the model city at the current low energy price level would increase the cost of the energy system by at least 41% with respect to the status quo. (orig./BWI)

  19. System justification, the denial of global warming, and the possibility of "system-sanctioned change". (United States)

    Feygina, Irina; Jost, John T; Goldsmith, Rachel E


    Despite extensive evidence of climate change and environmental destruction, polls continue to reveal widespread denial and resistance to helping the environment. It is posited here that these responses are linked to the motivational tendency to defend and justify the societal status quo in the face of the threat posed by environmental problems. The present research finds that system justification tendencies are associated with greater denial of environmental realities and less commitment to pro-environmental action. Moreover, the effects of political conservatism, national identification, and gender on denial of environmental problems are explained by variability in system justification tendencies. However, this research finds that it is possible to eliminate the negative effect of system justification on environmentalism by encouraging people to regard pro-environmental change as patriotic and consistent with protecting the status quo (i.e., as a case of "system-sanctioned change"). Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

  20. Measuring the Effectiveness of Active Associate TFI Units (United States)


    evolving, fiscally -constrained environment, this can no longer remain the status quo. The Air Force must focus on the integration of these disparate...force integration continues to evolve. Today, fiscal constraints have further highlighted the increased need for integration. Implementation of...Training Journeyman (3S251), Parachutist/Survival/ Evasion /Resistance Journeyman (J1T051), Aircrew Flight Equipment Craftsman (1P071), Aircrew