WorldWideScience

Sample records for vides aizsardzbas paskumu

  1. Bases en technique du vide

    CERN Document Server

    Rommel, Guy

    2017-01-01

    Cette seconde édition, 20 ans après la première, devrait continuer à aider les techniciens pour la réalisation de leur système de vide. La technologie du vide est utilisée, à présent, dans de nombreux domaines très différents les uns des autres et avec des matériels très fiables. Or, elle est souvent bien peu étudiée, de plus, c'est une discipline où le savoir-faire prend tout son sens. Malheureusement la transmission par des ingénieurs et techniciens expérimentés ne se fait plus ou trop rapidement. La technologie du vide fait appel à la physique, à la chimie, à la mécanique, à la métallurgie, au dessin industriel, à l'électronique, à la thermique, etc. Cette discipline demande donc de maîtriser des techniques de domaines très divers, et ce n'est pas chose facile. Chaque installation est en soi un cas particulier avec ses besoins, sa façon de traiter les matériaux et celle d'utiliser les matériels. Les systèmes de vide sont parfois copiés d'un laboratoire à un autre et le...

  2. VIDE: The Void IDentification and Examination toolkit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutter, P. M.; Lavaux, G.; Hamaus, N.; Pisani, A.; Wandelt, B. D.; Warren, M.; Villaescusa-Navarro, F.; Zivick, P.; Mao, Q.; Thompson, B. B.

    2015-03-01

    We present VIDE, the Void IDentification and Examination toolkit, an open-source Python/C++ code for finding cosmic voids in galaxy redshift surveys and N -body simulations, characterizing their properties, and providing a platform for more detailed analysis. At its core, VIDE uses a substantially enhanced version of ZOBOV (Neyinck 2008) to calculate a Voronoi tessellation for estimating the density field and performing a watershed transform to construct voids. Additionally, VIDE provides significant functionality for both pre- and post-processing: for example, VIDE can work with volume- or magnitude-limited galaxy samples with arbitrary survey geometries, or dark matter particles or halo catalogs in a variety of common formats. It can also randomly subsample inputs and includes a Halo Occupation Distribution model for constructing mock galaxy populations. VIDE uses the watershed levels to place voids in a hierarchical tree, outputs a summary of void properties in plain ASCII, and provides a Python API to perform many analysis tasks, such as loading and manipulating void catalogs and particle members, filtering, plotting, computing clustering statistics, stacking, comparing catalogs, and fitting density profiles. While centered around ZOBOV, the toolkit is designed to be as modular as possible and accommodate other void finders. VIDE has been in development for several years and has already been used to produce a wealth of results, which we summarize in this work to highlight the capabilities of the toolkit. VIDE is publicly available at

  3. Physico-Chemical and Structural Characteristics of Vegetables Cooked Under Sous-Vide, Cook-Vide, and Conventional Boiling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iborra-Bernad, C; García-Segovia, P; Martínez-Monzó, J

    2015-08-01

    In this paper, physico-chemical and structural properties of cut and cooked purple-flesh potato, green bean pods, and carrots have been studied. Three different cooking methods have been applied: traditional cooking (boiling water at 100 °C), cook-vide (at 80 and 90 °C) and sous-vide (at 80 °C and 90 °C). Similar firmness was obtained in potato applying the same cooking time using traditional cooking (100 °C), and cook-vide and sous-vide at 90 °C, while in green beans and carrots the application of the sous-vide (90 °C) required longer cooking times than cook-vide (90 °C) and traditional cooking (100 °C). Losses in anthocyanins (for purple-flesh potatoes) and ascorbic acid (for green beans) were higher applying traditional cooking. β-Carotene extraction increased in carrots with traditional cooking and cook-vide (P starch in potatoes cells cooked in contact with water, such as traditional cooking and cook-vide. Traditional cooking was the most aggressive treatment in green beans because the secondary walls were reduced compared with sous-vide and cook-vide. Sous-vide preserved organelles in the carrot cells, which could explain the lower extraction of β-carotene compared with cook-vide and traditional cooking. Sous-vide cooking of purple-flesh potato is recommended to maintain its high anthocyanin content. Traditional boiling could be recommended for carrots because increase β-carotenes availability. For green beans, cook-vide, and sous-vide provided products with higher ascorbic acid content. © 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®

  4. Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum sous vide: characterization and quality parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiane de Cássia Pontes Ramos

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbiological, physical and physico-chemical quality parameters of sous vide preparation of pen-reared tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum. To prepare the tambaqui sous vide, 200 g of fillet, 50 g of basil sauce (1:4 fish fillet:sauce ratio and 10 mL of 5% sodium lactate were used. The product was then vacuum-packaged, pasteurized at 65 ºC for 12.5 min and refrigerated. The presence of Salmonella spp., sulfite-reducing Clostridium and Listeria monocytogenes was not detected in the samples analyzed. The coliform count at 45 ºC and coagulase-positive staphylococci were below the limit (103 permitted by the law in vigor. Water retention capacity and chloride content analyses revealed that the tambaqui fillet differed significantly (P<0.05 from the sous vide because of the addition of basil sauce. The total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS content of the fillet and sous vide were below the limits established by the law, indicating good quality. The lightness (L* and yellow color (b* of the fillet and the sous vide did not differ significantly (P>0.05, but the red color (a* decreased in the sous vide, which is related to the addition of basil sauce. The chroma (C* and hue angle (ho differed significantly (P<0.05, and the fillet samples were lighter in color, whereas the sous vide was characterized by yellow color. The n-6/n-3 ratios found for the fillet and the sous vide are within the recommended values, which is important for human metabolism. The fillet and sous vide also had high calcium, zinc, magnesium and potassium concentrations. It is concluded that tambaqui sous vide is a good source of nutrients, rich in fatty acids and minerals essential for human health.

  5. Le vide univers du tout et du rien

    CERN Document Server

    Diner, Simon

    1997-01-01

    Pourquoi l'Univers plutôt que le vide ? Le temps et l'espace existent-ils en l'absence de l'Univers ? Que reste-t-il quand tout est enlevé ? Pourquoi quelque chose plutôt que rien ? Depuis des siècles, ces interrogations mobilisent philosophes et physiciens. Mais aujourd'hui, le vide n'est pas le rien. Il serait même l'acteur central de l'histoire de la matière et de l'Univers, le partenaire privilégié de la physique. Vide et matière ne sont plus deux manifestations séparées de la nature, mais deux aspects d'une même réalité. Le vide est l'état de base dont la matière émerge, sans couper son cordon ombilical Le vide comme Univers du rien cède la place au vide comme Univers du tout. Que le vide puisse être conçu par les physiciens comme réservoir potentiel d'univers, voici qui ne devrait laisser personne indifférent. Ce livre ouvre un débat et nous convie à une réflexion surprenante.

  6. Vides riski Daugavgrīvas dabas liegumā

    OpenAIRE

    Deinate, Elīna

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Vides riski Daugavgrīvas daba liegumā” ir pētīti pašreizējie un potenciālie vides riski Daugavgrīvas dabas liegumā. Vislielākā uzmanība tiek veltīta dabas lieguma piekrastē notiekošo krasta procesu raksturam, to ietekme uz dabas liegumu. Pētījuma ietvaros tiek analizētas krasta līnijas izmaiņas Daugavgrīvas salā izmantojot kartogrāfisko materiālu un jūras krasta ģeoloģisko procesu monitoringa datus. Pētījuma rezultātā tiek veikti secinājumi par dabas lieguma teritorijas iespē...

  7. Du vide et de l'éternité

    CERN Document Server

    Cassé, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Gravité quantique, supersymétrie, univers multiples : la cosmologie et la physique quantique nous donnent aujourd hui de l'univers une image stupéfiante, à même de défier l'imagination la plus délirante. Conjuguant la puissance de la science et le souffle de la poésie, Michel Cassé parvient à nous rendre intelligibles les concepts les plus abstraits et les théories les plus ardues. Quand le vide quantique, sous sa plume, fleurit en particules élémentaires puis, en un clin d oeil cosmique (l « inflation »), se déploie en stupéfiants « plurivers », la physique et la cosmologie s éclairent du bonheur de l écriture.

  8. Changes in Meat Quality Characteristics of the Sous-vide Cooked Chicken Breast during Refrigerated Storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Go-Eun; Kim, Ji-Han; Ahn, Su-Jin; Lee, Chi-Ho

    2015-01-01

    This study was performed to investigate the changes in meat quality characteristics of the sous vide cooked chicken breast during refrigerated storage at 4℃ for 14 d between before and after sous-vide cooking. Cooking loss and shear force were significantly increased, whereas expressible drip was significantly decreased along with reduction in the water holding capacity in both of two groups. Redness of meat juice was significantly (p<0.05) increased during storage, and considerably increased in the refrigerated samples after sous-vide cooked at the 7 to 10 d. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was significantly increased and was higher in the refrigerator stored chicken breast samples after sous-vide cooking. The volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) value was significantly increased in both groups, but the VBN value of the stored raw meat sample before sous-vide cooking was increased at an early storage, while the VBN value of the stored sample after sous-vide cooking was increased gradually in this study. Total viable counts and coliform counts were significantly decreased during storage, and coliforms were not detected after 7 d of storage in both groups. Salmonella spp. was not detected during the whole studied period. The outcome of this research can provide preliminary data that could be used to apply for further study of chicken breast using sous-vide cooking method that could be attractive to consumers.

  9. "Quelque part {u00E1 un tournant du destin..." ; "Ciel vide, bőte aux lettres vide, chemin vide..." ; "Singe indécis..." ; Ithaque / Tõnu Õnnepalu ; trad. par Antoine Chalvin avec le concours de l'auteur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu

    1992-01-01

    Orig.: "Kusagil saatuse käänakul..." ; "Tühi taevas, tühi postkast, tühi kruusatee..." ; "Otsustusvõimetu ahv..." ; Ithaka. Sisu: "Quelque part {u00E1 un tournant du destin..." ; "Ciel vide, bőte aux lettres vide, chemin vide..." ; "Singe indécis..." ; Ithaque. T. Õnnepalust lk. 93. Kadriann Soosaare illustratsioon lk. 97

  10. Leuconostoc rapi sp. nov., isolated from sous-vide cooked rutabaga

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyhs, Ulrike; Snauwaert, I.; Pihlajaviita, S.

    2015-01-01

    A Gram-positive, ovoid lactic acid bacterium, strain LMG 27676T, was isolated from a spoiled sous-vide cooked rutabaga. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the novel strain belongs to the genus Leuconostoc, with Leuconostoc kimchi and Leuconostoc miyukkimchii as nearest neighbours (99...

  11. Paisagem material, paisagem simbólica e identidade no concelho de Castelo de Vide Material landscape, symbolic landscape, and identity in the municipality of Castelo de Vide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlia Carolino

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo incide sobre a relação entre paisagem e identidade social no contexto da presente transformação e reinvenção do espaço rural. Discutem-se os resultados e a metodologia de um estudo multidisciplinar que mobilizou conhecimentos tanto da antropologia como da geografia. Com base numa tipologia da paisagem e em narrativas pessoais e do lugar, equaciona-se o papel da paisagem como operador simbólico na produção de identidades locais em Castelo de Vide (Norte alentejano. Identificam-se e descrevem-se os eixos de diferenciação simultaneamente espacial e social que consubstanciam, neste caso, a relação dinâmica entre paisagem e identidade local.This article addresses the impact of landscape and social identity on contemporary transformations and the reinvention of rural space in Castelo de Vide (North Alentejo region, Portugal. We describe a multidisciplinary research method combining anthropology and geography, and present the findings obtained. Combining a landscape typology with personal narratives of place - social-cum-spatial differentiation - allows us to explore relationships between landscape and local identity as a dynamic process in the region.

  12. Shelf Life Extension of Maple pea (Pisum sativum var. arvense L. Spread Using Sous Vide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ķirse Asnate

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sous vide packaging on the shelf life of maple pea (Pisum sativum var. arvense L. spread. Pea spreads were made of ground re-hydrated cooked maple peas ‘Bruno’ (Pisum sativum var. arvense L., to which salt, citric acid, oil, and spices were added. Pea spread was stored in polyamide/polyethylene (PA/PE film pouches, packaged in vacuum and hermetically sealed. Pea spread pouches were heat treated in a water bath, then rapidly cooled in ice-water and stored at 4.0 ± 0.5 °C. Sous vide was applied in three different heat regimens +(65.0; 80.0 and 100.0 ± 0.5 °C with cooking times 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 min at a constant temperature. Total plate count was determined according to ISO 4833-1:2014 on Plate Count Agar and Enterobacteriaceae determination was performed in accordance with ISO 21528-2:2004 on Violet Red Bile Glucose Agar. Total plate count in pea spread without thermal treatment was 3.41 log10 CFU g−1, in all sous vide packaged pea spread samples microbial contamination was significantly lower (p < 0.05. Enterobacteriaceae were not detected in any samples. It is possible to extend the shelf life of sous vide maple pea spread up to 14 weeks when stored at 4.0 ± 0.5 °C.

  13. Thermograms of the combined High Hydrostatic Pressure and Sous-vide treated Longissimus dorsi of pork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenesei, Gy; Jónás, G.; Salamon, B.; Dalmadi, I.

    2017-10-01

    In this work, slices of Longissimus dorsi of pork was used as raw material to establish the effects of the sous-vide technology and the high hydrostatic pressure treatments (and their combinations) on meat. The state of the proteins in meat has a very important effect on several quality parameters of the product, such as weight loss, water holding capacity, organoleptic properties. Therefore it is important to follow and analyse the denaturation of the protein content during food processing. The samples were cooked sous-vide (60 °C, 5-480 minutes) or pressurized (100-600 MPa, 5 minutes, room temperature). Also two steps treatments were studied combining both technologies, applying high hydrostatic pressure treatment (300 or 600 MPa, 5 minutes, room temperature) after or previous to sous-vide cooking (60 °C, 30 minutes). The changes in the condition of meat proteins were followed by a differential scanning calorimeter. The DSC curves were analysed using the unit’s own software where denaturation heat was determined. Thermograms show through the change of the sample’s protein state the dissimilar effect of the treatments. Using the Polar Qualification System -previously proved to be effective with NIR measurements- the spectral information was reduced to a two dimensional polar co-ordinate system where each DSC curve is represented by a “quality point”. As a new experiment the applied PQS data reduction method compared to the traditional thermal analysis data processing gave us less information on the differences of our samples although the results are promising as we were able to detect the same trends and characteristics.

  14. Ārējās vides faktoru ietekmes uz banku darbību analīze.

    OpenAIRE

    Collenkopfa, Evija

    2009-01-01

    Ārējā vide ļoti ietekmē banku darbību. Tieši tās bankas, kuras vislabāk jūt ārējās vides izmaiņas, darbojas visveiksmīgāk. Bakalaura darba „Ārējās vides faktoru ietekmes uz banku darbību analīze” mērķis ir izanalizēt situāciju banku sektorā, raksturojot tā nozīmīgākos tieši un netieši ietekmējošās ārējās vides faktorus un to ietekmi uz banku darbību, kā arī sniegt priekšlikumus banku darbības uzlabošanai. Darbā tiks aplūkots banku sektors, tā attīstība, kā arī sniegts ārējās vides rakst...

  15. Valsts vides aizsardzības institūciju attīstība Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Sēja, Baiba

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba „Valsts vides aizsardzības institūciju attīstība Latvijā” pētnieciskā problēma saistīta ar vides politikas un pārvaldības prakses trūkumu valsts vides aizsardzības institūcijās. Pētījums īstenots, izmantojot literatūras analīzi un socioloģiskā pētījuma metodes – intervēšanu, ekspertanketēšanu un gadījuma situācijas izpēti. Apzinoties, ka katrā vides pārvaldības līmenī ir sava darba specifika un katram līmenim ir noteikta loma vides aizsardzībā, pētījums veikts divos pārvaldības...

  16. Psihoemocionālais stress un darba vides riski farmaceitu darbā. Preventijas pasākumi

    OpenAIRE

    Mļečko, Ilona

    2015-01-01

    Maģistra darbā izvērtēti psihoemocionālie un citi darba vides riski farmaceitu darbā, pielietojot mūsdienīgas metodes. Izstrādāti preventīvie pasākumi. Pētījums tika veikts Latvijas aptiekās. Darbs sastāv no trijām daļām – literatūras analīzes, pētnieciskās daļas, rezultātiem un diskusijas. Literatūras analīze liecina, ka farmaceiti ikdienas darbā pakļauti daudzveidīgiem darba vides riskiem. Apkopojot risku novērtēšanas rezultātus, secināts, ka būtiskākais darba vides risks farmaceiti...

  17. Etude de conception d’une traversée sous vide 30 kV

    CERN Document Server

    Prost, A

    2011-01-01

    Dans le cadre de la construction du nouveau distributeur à ferrites BIDIS situé dans la ligne de transfert du Linac4 vers l’injecteur Booster du complexe PS, il est nécessaire de réaliser un nouveau développement de traversée haute tension pour assurer l’alimentation de ces septa sous vide. De manière à éviter toute pollution des enceintes de l’accélérateur en cas de fuite de vide, il a été choisi de développer une traversée n’utilisant ni liquide, ni gaz isolant. Cette technologie nous incite à faire une étude de design plus poussée, dans le choix des formes géométriques des pièces constituant ces traversées, ainsi que des distances à respecter entre les différentes parties soumises à la haute tension, afin d’éviter tous claquages ou apparition de courant limitant la tenue à la haute tension.

  18. Vides žurnālistikas attīstības vadlīnijas Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Petrāne, Lelde

    2007-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Vides žurnālistikas attīstības vadlīnijas Latvijā” ir analizēts un raksturots līdzšinējais vides žurnālistikas attīstības līmenis un nākotnes attīstības iespējas Latvijā. Tā kā šis žurnālistikas veids Latvijā ir pētīts samērā maz un nav pieejami arī literatūras avoti par šo tēmu, visa informācija, kas ietverta esošās situācijas raksturojumā ir iegūta autores darba rezultātā. Papildus Latvijas situācijas analīzei, tika aplūkoti arī vides žurnālistikas pirmsākumi un attīstība ār...

  19. Comparison of antioxidative properties of raw vegetables and thermally processed ones using the conventional and sous-vide methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosewski, Grzegorz; Górna, Ilona; Bolesławska, Izabela; Kowalówka, Magdalena; Więckowska, Barbara; Główka, Anna K; Morawska, Anna; Jakubowski, Karol; Dobrzyńska, Małgorzata; Miszczuk, Piotr; Przysławski, Juliusz

    2018-02-01

    The study determines the antioxidant properties of methanol vegetable extracts from raw vegetables, conventionally cooked vegetables and sous-vide. In the research, two methods were used: free radical scavenging DPPH (µM Trolox) and the reduction of Fe3+to Fe2+ - FRAP (µM Fe2+). Antioxidative properties for raw vegetables were obtained with the range of 7.47-235 (µM Trolox/100g of vegetables) and 2.66-103 (µM Fe2+/100g of vegetables), for vegetables after the conventional cooking process 6.15-657 (µM Trolox/100g of vegetables) and 3.03-99.9 (µM Fe2+/100g of vegetables), for vegetables after the sous-vide process 4.45-648 (µM Trolox/100g of vegetables) and 3.06-99.9 (µM Fe2+/100g of vegetables). For some vegetables, an increase in the antioxidative potential was observed as a result of cooking processes; however, it was much higher for the sous-vide technique. All results were subjected to a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and, if significant differences were revealed, the POST-HOC Duncan test was used (α=0.05). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. MĀCĪBU VIDE KĀ BĒRNA RADOŠUMA SEKMĒTĀJA PIRMSSKOLĀ

    OpenAIRE

    Reimane, Elīna

    2017-01-01

    Darba autors: Elīna Reimane Darba temats: “Mācību vide kā bērna radošuma sekmētāja pirmsskolā”. Darba veids: Kvalifikācijas darbs Studiju programma: Pirmā līmeņa profesionālās augstākās izglītības studiju programma Darba zinātniskais vadītājs: Profesore Dr.paed. Inese Jurgena Darba apjoms: 48 lpp., 11 attēli, 4 tabulas, 24 pielikumi Atslēgas vārdi: Bērns, radošums, mācību vide, pedagogs Pētījuma mērķis: Teorētiski un praktiski izvērtēt mācību vidi kā bērna radošuma sekmētāju pirmsskolā. P...

  1. Effects of using multi-vide ruler kit in the acquisition of numeracy skills among PROTIM students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arumugan, Hemalatha A./P.; Obeng, Sharifah Nasriah Wan; Talib, Corrienna Abdul; Bunyamin, Muhammad Abdul Hadi; Ali, Marlina; Ibrahim, Norhasniza; Zawadzki, Rainer

    2017-08-01

    One effective way to teach arithmetic more interestingly and make it easier to learn is through the use of instructional materials. These can help students master certain mathematical skills, particularly multiplication and division, often considered difficult amongst primary school pupils. Nevertheless, the insufficiency of appropriate instructional materials causes difficulty in understanding how to use the proper technique or apply the concept, especially in multiplication. With this in mind, this study investigated whether the innovative and creative instructional material designed to assist and enhance numeracy skills, namely the Multi-vide Ruler kit, could increase students' ability in solving multiplication and division questions and whether it affected their interest in solving numeracy problems. Participants in this study included ten PROTIM (Program Tiga M [Three M Program] - membaca [reading], menulis [writing] dan mengira [calculate]) students, 9-10 years old, who had difficulties in reading, writing and arithmetic. In order to get appropriate support for qualitative research, a pre and post-test containing ten basic mathematical operations, was implemented together with the Multi-vide Ruler Kit. The findings of the qualitative case study, with the pre and post-tests, showed significant differences in their achievement and interest in two-digit multiplication and division operations. The results suggest that this approach could improve PROTIM student's ability to solve basic mathematical operations. What was most encouraging was the increase in students' interest in solving numeracy problems.

  2. Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau, au bord du vide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mylène Durand

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available « Marie Uguay et Saint-Denys Garneau : au bord du vide » est un texte qui rapproche les oeuvres de ces deux poètes, qui ont plusieurs points en commun. Toutes les deux dénotent une conscience de la mort, une vision lucide de celle-ci. Leurs oeuvres poétiques montrent que leurs sujets lyriques se situent dans une espèce d’entre-deux, d’excroissance du temps, un seuil qu’ils cherchent à nommer. Est-ce « l’Outre-vie » d’Uguay ? « La faction » de Saint-Denys Garneau ? Les sujets explorent un espace-temps particulier, un lieu qui rappelle les limbes, la mort et la vie tout à la fois. Un monde onirique, de rêves ou de cauchemars. Les sujets se situent au bord de limites apparemment infranchissables, mais au-delà desquelles semble se trouver la vie. Prisonniers de ces espaces intérimaires, ils sont seuls, blessés, comme d’un côté d’une fenêtre fermée, donnant à voir sur un monde inaccessible. Pourtant, ils désirent traverser tous ces seuils, physiques et métaphoriques, pour aller vers la vie. Traverser ces «limites sanglantes», comme l’écrit Marie Uguay. En effet, les sujets sont blessés, fragmentés, et malgré tout ils cherchent leurs chemins, avancent pour combattre l’enfermement, l’immobilité. L’espoir advient par l’écriture, la poésie plus particulièrement, qui permet tout, qui trace un chemin, des ponts; ouvre des voies vers la lumière, la vie.This is a comparative analysis of the works of two Quebecois poets, Saint-Denys Garneau and Marie Uguay who have many common points.  Both express a conscience and a lucid vision of death. Their poetic works show that their lyric subjects are situated in a sort of “in-between”, an excrescence of time, a threshold they are trying to name. Is it what Marie Uguay calls “Outre-vie” or the “faction” of Saint-Denys? The subjects explore a particular space-time, a place that is reminiscent of limbo, life and death at the same time. The

  3. Problèmes résolus sur les ondes électromagnétiques dans le vide et les conducteurs : propagation et rayonnement

    CERN Document Server

    Lumbroso, H

    1991-01-01

    Cet ouvrage propose 61 problèmes consacrés aux ondes électromagnétiques dans le vide et les conducteurs tous complètement résolus. Chaque chapitre s'ouvre par un rappel des principaux résultats du cours.

  4. Consequences experimentales des effets des fluctuations du vide sur la fluorescence parametrique et la generation du second harmonique en milieu confine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robichaud, Luc

    Les fluctuations du vide, qui consistent en l'apparition momentanee de particules, ce qui est permit par le principe d'incertitude de Heisenberg, joue un role primordial dans les processus photoniques, en particulier les processus non-lineaires. Par la manipulation de ces fluctuations du vide a l'aide de confinement optique, on retrouve deux phenomenes particuliers : l'intensification de la fluorescence parametrique (Walker, 2008) et l'inhibition de la generation du second harmonique (Collette, 2013). Dans ce travail, on presente les resultats dans le cas classique ; c'est-a-dire sans fluctuations du vide et confinement. Par la suite, on presente les effets des fluctuations du vide et du confinement, ce qui mene aux deux effets mentionnes. Dans le cas de la fluorescence parametrique, le bruit quantique sur le champ interne et externe est calcule, le role du desaccord de phase dans le modele est expose et une generalisation tridimensionnelle est etudiee afin de generaliser la conception du modele d'un cas unidimensionnel a un cas tridimensionnel planaire. Dans le cas de la generation du second harmonique, les difficultes d'un modele purement tridimensionnel sont exposees et ensuite le cas limite planaire est etudie.

  5. Influence of Citric Acid on the Pink Color and Characteristics of Sous Vide Processed Chicken Breasts During Chill Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Ki-Won

    2015-01-01

    Chicken breast dipped with citric acid (CA) was treated by sous vide processing and stored in a refrigerated state for 0, 3, 6, 9, and 14 d. A non-dipped control group (CON) and three groups dipped in different concentrations of citric acid concentration were analyzed (0.5%, 0.5CIT; 2.0%, 2CIT and 5.0%, 5CIT; w/v). Cooking yield and moisture content increased due to the citric acid. While the redness of the juice and meat in all groups showed significant increase during storage, the redness of the citric acid groups was reduced compared to the control group (pcitric acid-treated samples than in untreated ones, indicating extended shelf life of the cooked chicken breast dipped in citric acid solution. The shear force of the 2CIT and 5CIT groups was significantly lower (pcitric acid concentrations. PMID:26761885

  6. Clostridium perfringens growth from spore inocula in sous-vide processed pork-based Mexican entrée.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel-Garcia, Denise Y; Juneja, Vijay K; Valenzuela-Melendrez, Martin; Díaz-Cinco, Martha E; Thippareddi, H; Aida Peña-Ramos, E

    2009-01-01

    The combined effect of Citricidal wih irradiation on Clostridium perfringens growth from spores in a sous-vide processed marinated pork meat Mexican entrée was investigated. Citricidal was added at 200 or 800 ppm after mixing pork meat with tomatillo sauce and inoculated with 3 log(10) CFU/g of C. perfringens spores. Samples were irradiated at either 0 or 2 kGy, heated to an internal temperature of 71 degrees C, and stored at 4 degrees C for 28 d, 15 degrees C for 45 d, and 25 degrees C for 26 h. To simulate the conditions that may occur during transportation, distribution, storage, or handling in supermarkets or by consumers, the effect of static temperature abuse on C. perfringens growth was assessed by transferring samples stored at 4 to 25 degrees C for 13 and 15 h. Total C. perfringens populations were determined by plating diluted samples on tryptose-sulfite-cycloserine agar. Growth was not observed up to 45 d of storage at 15 degrees C in samples supplemented with 800 ppm of Citricidal. At 25 degrees C, no significant differences (P > 0.05) on the lag phase duration due to antimicrobial treatments was observed. The temperature abuse of refrigerated products for up to 15 h did not lead to C. perfringens growth to high infective dose levels of 1 million cells required to cause food poisoning. The results suggest that 800 ppm Citricidal can have significant bacteriostatic activity against C. perfringens and may provide a degree of protection against this pathogen in sous-vide processed marinated pork meat Mexican entrée, under mild temperature abuse (

  7. Increasing Shelf Life of Sous-Vide Cooked Rainbow Trout by Natural Antioxidant Effective Rosemary: Basic Quality Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soner ÇETİNKAYA

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available In the study, the rosemary was applied as a natural antioxidant after grinding. Dust ground rosemary were applied on the fillet surface (0.1% percent of the fillets weight, and then were packaged with the vacuum and sous-vide processed. Every five days, chemical composition, pH, TVB-N, TBARS analyzes and sensorial assessment was carried out until the spoilage. The ash, moisture, protein, and lipid content of raw rainbow trout was 1.63±0.11%, 78.36±0.18%, 16.49±0.20%, and 3.37±0.30%, respectively. The pH value raw fish was 6.29±0.01. TVB-N values were determined between 12.86±0.15 and 21.94±0.29 mg/100g. in RAG. The highest TBARS value was determined as 0.80±0.03 in RAG. Odor parameter was effective to deteriorate the decision of panelists for all the samples The vacuum packaged fresh fish (VFF was spoiled in the 10th days while, the rosemary untreated group (RUG was spoiled in the 40th days, and rosemary applied group (RAG was spoiled in the 45th days. With the rosemary treatment, the shelf life and acceptability of the samples was extended to at least 5 days. Also, applied rosemary as the natural antioxidant had no negative effects with regard to sensory and nutritional criteria.

  8. (H)vide verden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ladegaard, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Knut Ove Eliasson, Anne Fastrup, Tue Andersen Nexø (Red.): Europæisk litteratur 1500-1800, bd. 1: Verden – Fra Columbus til Napoleon. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2013, 260 sider.......Anmeldelse af Knut Ove Eliasson, Anne Fastrup, Tue Andersen Nexø (Red.): Europæisk litteratur 1500-1800, bd. 1: Verden – Fra Columbus til Napoleon. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2013, 260 sider....

  9. Measurement of the local void fraction at high pressures in a heating channel; Mesure du taux de vide a haute pression dans un canal chauffant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    Void fraction measurements were made in two phase flow boiling systems at high pressures in a uniformly heated, rectangular channel with a high aspect ratio. The local void fraction values were calculated from measurements of the absorption of a thin collimated X-ray beam (2 mm x 0.05 mm). The mean void fraction in a horizontal section results from integration of the local values across the section. At a fixed measuring station the quality and- void fraction were varied by changing the heat flux, flow rate and pressure systematically. Two channels were used differing in length and thickness (150.8 cm x 5.3 cm x 0.2 cm and the significant features of this study are: -1) The void fraction measurements are among the first obtained at such high pressure (80 to 140 kg/cm{sup 2}); -2) In the experimental region under consideration the measurements are systematic and numerous enough to allow accurate interpolations: mass velocity from 50 to 220 g/cm{sup 2}.s, heat flux from 40 to 170 W/cm{sup 2} and calculated steam quality from -0.2 to 0.2; -3) Many tests were performed under local boiling conditions with the mean temperature of the fluid below the saturation temperature; and -4) These results were compared to the predictions of certain models presented in the literature and simple empirical formulae were developed to fit the experimental results. (author) [French] Des mesures de taux de vide ont ete effectuees sur un ecoulement eau-vapeur a haute pression dans un canal vertical, de section rectangulaire tres allongee et chauffe a flux uniforme. Les valeurs du taux de vide local sont obtenues a partir des mesures de l'absorption d'un faisceau de rayons X finement collimate (2 mm x 0,05 mm). La valeur du taux de vide moyen dans une section droite s'en deduit par integration. Cette section droite ou sont realisees les mesures est fixe et, a pression, debit et flux donnes, les variations du titre et du taux de vide sont obtenues par variations de l

  10. Amorçage d'une décharge dans le vide entre deux electrodes d'argent ou des alliages argent-nickel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zouache, N.; Lefort, A.

    1997-03-01

    Comparison of the characteristics of an electric are breakdown in vacuum between two silver or silver-nickel alloy electrodes prompted us to study the evolution of the breakdown voltage with electrode separation, with resistance value placed between the anode and the high voltage supply used for the breakdown, and with the effect of conditionning by heating in vacuum. The measurement of the commutation time and delay time, and the observations by a metallographic microscope of the electrodes surfaces after one breakdown, enabled us to evidence the origin of the electric arc for each of the studied materials. La comparaison des caractéristiques de l'amorçage d'un arc électrique dans le vide entre deux électrodes bombées de 8mm de diamètre et de rayon de courbure en surface de 16mm, constituées d'argent ou de son alliage avec le nickel, nous a amené à étudier l'évolution de la tension d'amorçage avec plusieurs paramètres : la distance inter-électrodes, les valeurs de la résistance intercalée entre la source haute tension servant au claquage et les électrodes et le conditionnement par chauffage sous vide des électrodes. La mesure du temps de commutation, du temps de retard et les observations au microscope métallographique de la surface des électrodes après un amorçage donnent des informations sur l'origine de l'arc électrique concernant chaque matériau étudié.

  11. Vides de Simón de Rojas Clemente (1777-1827 en el herbario del Real Colegio Alfonso XII de San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perea, Domingo

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper, the discovery of grape-vine mounted sheets from the Simón de Rojas Clemente herbarium, which were found in the Herbarium of the Real Colegio Alfonso XH in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, is reported. This material completes the collection of Clemente's vines which makes up one of the historical collections deposited in the MA herbarium.Damos a conocer unos pliegos de vides procedentes del herbario de Simón de Rojas Clemente que han aparecido en el Gabinete de Ciencias Naturales del Real Colegio Alfonso XII de San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Estos materiales completan la colección de vides de Clemente que constituye uno de los herbarios históricos depositados en MA.

  12. Effect of the addition of conventional additives and whey proteins concentrates on technological parameters, physicochemical properties, microstructure and sensory attributes of sous vide cooked beef muscles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szerman, N; Gonzalez, C B; Sancho, A M; Grigioni, G; Carduza, F; Vaudagna, S R

    2012-03-01

    Beef muscles submitted to four enhancement treatments (1.88% whey protein concentrate (WPC)+1.25% sodium chloride (NaCl); 1.88% modified whey protein concentrate (MWPC)+1.25%NaCl; 0.25% sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP)+1.25%NaCl; 1.25%NaCl) and a control treatment (non-injected muscles) were sous vide cooked. Muscles with STPP+NaCl presented a significantly higher total yield (106.5%) in comparison to those with WPC/MWPC+NaCl (94.7% and 92.9%, respectively), NaCl alone (84.8%) or controls (72.1%). Muscles with STPP+NaCl presented significantly lower shear force values than control ones; also, WPC/MWPC+NaCl added muscles presented similar values than those from the other treatments. After cooking, muscles with STPP+NaCl or WPC/MWPC+NaCl depicted compacted and uniform microstructures. Muscles with STPP+NaCl showed a pink colour, meanwhile other treatment muscles presented colours between pinkish-grey and grey-brown. STPP+NaCl added samples presented the highest values of global tenderness and juiciness. The addition of STPP+NaCl had a better performance than WPC/MWPC+NaCl. However, the addition of WPC/MWPC+NaCl improved total yield in comparison to NaCl added or control ones. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Eko - mārketings kā efektīvs instruments vides un uzņēmējdarbības komunikācijā

    OpenAIRE

    Stare, Ilze

    2010-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā “Eko-mārketings kā efekstīvs instruments vides un uzņēmējdarbības komunikācijā” tiek atspoguļotas būtiskākās ekoloģijas un vides aizsardzības problēmas Latvijas un pasaules līmenī, raksturotas vides zinātnes komunikācijas metodes, pētīts eko-mārketings kā jauns mārketinga tips un tā mērķi un nozīme. Darba autors izstrādā eko-mārketinga klasifikāciju, kas kalpo eko-produktu novērtēšanā un klasificēšanā. Pēc šo kritēriju izstrādāšanas ir veikta Latvijā iegūstamu eko-preču rakstu...

  14. Eiropas Savienības uzņēmējdarbības vide start-up uzņēmumu attīstīšanai (salīdzinošā analīze ar ASV)

    OpenAIRE

    Kapenieks, Kristaps

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darbā „Eiropas Savienības uzņēmējdarbības vide start-up uzņēmumu attīstīšanai (salīdzinošā analīze ar ASV)” tiek pētīts, kā uzņēmējdarbības vide ietekmē start-up uzņēmējdarbības aktivitāti un kur uzņēmējdarbības vide ir piemērotāka start-up uzņēmējdarbībai – Eiropas Savienībā vai ASV. Lai iegūtu atbildi uz šiem jautājumiem, maģistra darbā tiek pētīts, kas ir start-up uzņēmums un kā to ietekmē ārējā uzņēmējdarbības vide, salīdzināti vides faktoru dati par četrām Eiropas Savienības da...

  15. Présentation des possibilités de la diffraction de surface en ultra-vide sur les lignes françaises à l'ESRF

    OpenAIRE

    Barbier, A.; Baudoing-Savois, R.; Renaud, G.; De Santis, M.; Robach, O.; Saint-Lager, Marie-Claire; Jeantet, P; Taunier, P; Roux, J.-P.; Ulrich, O.; A. Mougin; Berard, G.; Geaymond, O.

    1996-01-01

    Après une brève introduction portant sur l'étude de surfaces et d'interfaces par rayons X nous présentons dans cet article un équipement nouvellement constnllt à I'ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility) sur la ligne D32(CRG-IF IF i.e. Collaborating Reseach Group - Interface). Il s'agit d'un goniomètre équipé d'une chambre ultra-vide ainsi que d'un système de transfert et d'introduction rapide d'échantillon ; il permet de réaliser des études par diffraction de rayons X en incidence ras...

  16. Doping ve fitness a rekreační sport : obsahová analýza českých videí na YouTube

    OpenAIRE

    Miček, Jakub

    2016-01-01

    Bibliografický záznam MIČEK, Jakub. Doping ve fitness a rekreační sport: obsahová analýza českých videí na YouTube. Praha, 2016. 48 s. Bakalářská práce (Bc.) Univerzita Karlova. Fakulta sociálních věd, Institut sociologických důvodů. Katedra sociologie. Vedoucí bakalářské práce PhDr. Mgr. Jan Balon, Ph.D. Abstract Fitness and YouTube are very popular areas of entertainment these days. Despite the touchiness of this topic, there are many videos about doping being published on YouTube. Majority...

  17. Kinetic Modeling of Vacuum Gas Oil Hydrotreatment using a Molecular Reconstruction Approach Modélisation cinétique de l’hydrotraitement de distillats sous vide utilisant une approche de reconstruction moléculaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charon-Revellin N.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Vacuum Gas Oils (VGO are heavy petroleum cuts (boiling points ranging from 350 to 550 ˚C that can be transformed into valuable fuels (gasolines, diesels by fluid catalytic cracking or hydrocracking. Prior to these conversion processes, hydrotreating is required in order to eliminate the impurities in VGOs. The hydrotreatment process enables to meet the environmental specifications (total sulfur contents and to prevent nitrogen poisoning of conversion catalysts. In order to develop a kinetic model based on an accurate VGOs molecular description, innovative analytical tools and molecular reconstruction techniques were used in this work. A lumped model using a Langmuir-Hinshelwood representation was developed for hydrodearomatization, hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation of the VGO. This lumped model was successfully applied to the experimental feed pretreatment data and was able to predict evolution of concentration of the aromatics, nitrogen and sulfur species. Les Distillats Sous Vide (DSV sont des coupes pétrolières lourdes (gamme de températures d'ébullition 350 à 550 °C qui peuvent être valorisées en carburants (essence, gazole par craquage catalytique ou par hydrocraquage. Un hydrotraitement est requis avant ces procédés de conversion afin d'éliminer les impuretés du DSV. De cette manière, le procédé d'hydrotraitement permet d'attendre les spécifications environnementales (teneur en soufre ainsi que de prévenir l'empoisonnement par les composés azotés des catalyseurs de conversion. De manière à pouvoir développer un modèle cinétique basé sur une description moléculaire précise des DSV, des outils analytiques innovant et des techniques de reconstruction moléculaire ont été utilisés dans ce travail. Un modèle cinétique de regroupement utilisant une représentation de type Langmuir-Hinshelwood a été développé pour l'hydrodésaromatisation, l'hydrodésulfuration et l'hydrodésazotation des DSV. Ce

  18. Les risques psychosociaux : un vide conceptuel ?

    OpenAIRE

    Rollot, Jérémie

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to demonstrate that difficulties to define "psychosocial risks" is the consequence of the methodological orientation taken in Nasse-Légeron's report (2008). This orientation, etablishes the primauty of the measure on the psychosocial phenomena, and considers it in a linear causal schema. The Gollac's report (2011), without radically break up with the previous report, tries to bring an approach including a subjective dimension.; L'objectif du présent article est de d...

  19. Comportement en vapocraquage de molécules modèles et de distillats sous vide hydrotraités. Première partie : potentialité de craquage, réacteur à profil de température rectangulaire et à court temps de séjour Steam-Cracking Behavior of Model Molecules and Hydrotreated Vacuum Distillates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berthelin M.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de la valorisation des coupes lourdes par vapocraquage, des distillats sous vide plus ou moins hydrotraités et des molécules modèles ont été pyrolysés. Cette étude a été réalisée sur un micropilote dont la partie réactionnelle est chauffée entre 680 et 860°C, par induction électromagnétique haute fréquence; le débit total peut varier de 60 à 800 g/h avec une perte de charge inférieure à 0,3 bar. Deux réacteurs tubulaires spiralés de rapport surface/volume allant jusqu'à 2000 m-1 permettent d'atteindre des temps de séjour de 10 à 400 millisecondes. Un indice quantifiant l'aptitude de chaque molécule à produire de l'éthylène, du propylène et des composés lourds, a permis l'établissement d'une échelle de potentialité de craquage, permettant d'orienter les performances d'un catalyseur de prétraitement : optimisation de la consommation d'hydrogène, meilleure valorisation des charges lourdes lors du vapocraquage. Grâce au profil de température rectangulaire du micropilote, des gains très importants de rendements d'éthylène et une production très faible d'asphaltènes ont été mis en évidence par pyrolyse de distillats sous vide hydrotraités. L'importance primordiale de la température dans le couple température-temps de séjour a été confirmée. Within the framework of the upgrading of heavy cuts for steam cracking, more or less hydrotreated vacuum distillates and model molecules were pyrolyzed. This research was done in a micropilot plant in which the reaction section was heated to between 680 and 860°C by high-frequency electromagnetic induction. The total flow rate can vary from 60 to 800 g/h with a pressure drop of less than 0. 3 bar. Two spiral tubular reactors with a high surface/volume ratio of up to 2000 m-1 enable residence times of 10 to 400 milliseconds to be obtained. An index quantifying the capacity of each molecule to produce ethylene, propylene and heavy compounds was used

  20. Inhibiton of Yellow Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L. and Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers by a Mulch Derived from Rye (Secale cereale L. in grapevines Inhibición del Crecimiento de Chufa (Cyperus esculentus L. y Pasto Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers. con mulch Vegetal Proveniente de Centeno (Secale cereale L. en Vides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ormeño-Núñez

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Two field trials (Los Andes 1998-1999 and Santiago 2004-2005 were carried out to determine growth inhibition of yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L. and bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers., growing on the plantation row, by mulch derived from a rye (Secale cereale L. cover crop established between grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. rows on overhead (cv. Flame Seedless and vertical (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon training. Spring mowing of the rye sown in the fall allowed for developing a thick and long lasting mulch along the grape rows. Nutsedge and bermudagrass control was 81 and 82%, respectively, and was more effective than conventional chemical (in the row + mechanical (between rows control. Glyphosate at 2% for nutsedge and 1% for bermudagrass control, applied twice (October and December, was insufficient to control either perennial weed adequately. Total broadleaved and grass/sedge weed control was 67.3 and 43.0% more effective with the rye mulch than with conventional treatments at Los Andes and Santiago, respectively. Perennial weed control levels could be explained as the new foliage of yellow nutsedge and bermudagrass was particularly susceptible to the shading provided by the rye mulch assembled prior to mid spring shoot emergence, and this effect remained active up until the beginning of autumn. The subsequent rye foliage mowing at the vegetative stage fully expressed the allelopathic effect produced by this local rye cultivar. The use of rye cover crop management and mulch could be applied as an effective weed control technique in conventional, as well as organic deciduous tree orchards.En dos ensayos de campo (Los Andes 1998-1999 y Santiago 2004-2005 se determinó el efecto inhibitorio sobre chufa (Cyperus esculentus L. y pasto bermuda (Cynodon dactylon (L. Pers. de residuos de centeno (Secale cereale L. establecido en otoño entre las hileras de vides (Vitis vinifera L. en parronal (cv. Flame Seedless y espaldera (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon

  1. Використання полімерних комбінованих плівок у технології sous-vide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. Дишкантюк

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available У статті обґрунтовано доцільність використання вакуумних полімерних матеріалів в технології Sous-Vide при приготуванні страв для військовослужбовців, туристів, експедиторів. Із метою дослідження вакуумних упаковок проведено детальний аналіз літературних джерел щодо плівкових матеріалів, які використовуються в харчовій промисловості. Детально вивчено стандарти виготовлення цих матеріалів. Проаналізовано їхню безпека для людини, реакцію з продуктами, стійкість до температур. Вивчено комбінаційні компоненти комбінованих плівок, детально проаналізовано кожен компонент плівок, та їхні властивості. На основі проведеного аналізу обрано для використання в технології Sous-Vide комбіновані вакуумні плівки «Profi cook». Визначено їхні бар’єрні властивості, вивчено вплив низьких і високих температур на їхні властивості. За результатами випробувань визначено, що обрані плівки «Profi cook» відповідають стандартам і безпечні для приготування в них страв за технологією Sous-Vide.

  2. Međukulturalnost i kako nas vide drugi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Ćavar

    2015-12-01

    Jednym z istotnych warunków osiągnięcia kompetencji międzykultu­rowych jest przezwyciężenie zbiorowych oraz indywidualnych stereotypów. Aby dowiedzieć się, czy istnieją stereotypowe obrazy/stereotypy o Chorwacji i Chorwatach wśród studentów zagranicznych, przeprowadziłyśmy ankietę wśród studentów slawistyki/kroatystyki na uczelnich zagranicznych. Celem badania było ułatwienie wprowadzenia podejścia międzykulturowego w naucza­niu języka chorwackiego na uniwersytetach.

  3. Takogo kino võ jeshtsho ne videli / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. juunini toimub Tallinnas 7. rahvusvaheline lühifilmide festival "Ennenägematu Film" ("Nevidannoje kino"). Kavas on anima- ja amatöörfilmid, tudengifilmid, samuti kuulsate režissööride varased tööd

  4. Influence des catalyseurs hétérogènes sur le coprocessing d'un lignite du Berguedà avec un résidu de distillation sous vide Influence of Heterogeneous Catalysts on the Coprocessing of Berguedà Lignite with a Vacuum Residue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moros A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article étudie le co-traitement catalytique sous atmosphère d'hydrogène d'un lignite de la Catalogne (Espagne avec un résidu de distillation sous vide, en utilisant sept catalyseurs hétérogènes différents. Cinq d'entre eux sont de conception propre : quatre à base de fer avec des quantités respectives de 6, 10, 18 et 25 % en poids d'oxydes et un à base de fer-molybdène avec des quantités de 25 et 10 % respectivement. Tous ces catalyseurs sont déposés sur gamma-alumine. Les deux autres sont des catalyseurs commerciaux d'hydrotraitement à base de cobalt-molybdène et nickel-molybdène. Des essais à blanc ont été également réalisés avec de la gamma-alumine et sans catalyseur. Les résultats expérimentaux montrent que la performance des catalyseurs a été modifiée à cause de la présence d'une grande quantité de matière minérale contenue dans le charbon. Ces résultats sont confirmés par le fait que les trois valeurs maximales de conversion du charbon ont été obtenues lors de l'utilisation du catalyseur à base de fer à 25 %, avec ou sans molybdène, et sans catalyseur. Le pourcentage de fer dans les autres catalyseurs n'affecte pas de façon significative la conversion du charbon ou la production d'huile. Par ailleurs, la production d'huile augmente lors de l'utilisation des catalyseurs commerciaux d'hydrotraitement, mais la qualité des produits obtenus ne diffère pas réellement de celle obtenue avec les autres catalyseurs. Seven different heterogeneous catalysts are tested for the catalytic coprocessing of a Catalan lignite with vacuum residue under atmosphere of hydrogen. Four of these catalysts were iron-based catalysts supported on gamma-alumina with increasing loading of iron oxide. The fifth was a bimodal catalyst of iron and molybdenum. The last two catalysts were commercial hydrotreatment catalysts. Also, tests were conducted with gamma-alumina and without catalyst. The experimental results show that

  5. Thermal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. in sous-vide processed marinated chicken breast

    Science.gov (United States)

    The heat resistance of a cocktail of five Salmonella strains and five L. monocytogenes strains was determined in teriyaki-marinated chicken breasts. Inoculated meat, packaged in bags, were completely immersed in a circulating water bath and cooked to a final temperature of 55, 57.5 or 60C in one h...

  6. "Hun vides ikke at have andet erhverv end erhverv ved utugt"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Christina Louise

    2015-01-01

    as disease carriers and at the same time, prostitution was considered immoral and scandalous. The solution to both the problem of the dissemination of sexually transmitted diseases and the grounds of public morality and decency were resolved through regulation of the sale of sex. This implied regular medical...... the legislation and police practice, exemplified in different kinds of material, “Beretningerne” and “Rapporterne” this thesis demonstrates a link between women, venereal diseases, sexual promiscuity, vagrancy, and prostitution. According to The Law of 1906 prostitution was not illegal, but the legislation......The purpose of this thesis is to show how the Morality Police in Copenhagen regulated prostitution and sexual promiscuity from 1906-1940. The final decades of the nineteenth century saw intense discussion on how to cope with the danger of the widespread venereal diseases. Prostitutes were seen...

  7. Beam, vacuum and walls, a 3-body interaction; Faisceau et vide, un melodrame a trois

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arianer, J

    2002-11-01

    The interactions between beams of accelerated particles, residual gas and walls involve complex physical processes. In most cases these interactions affect the quality of the vacuum and the value of the pressure. This course reviews all these interactions in a pedagogical and practical way that may be useful for any user of devices involving beams of particles. This document is made up of 6 chapters: 1) basic notions (Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, kinematics of charged particles, collisions, excitation and ionization), 2) properties of beams (emittance, local effects, and synchrotron radiation), 3) interactions between residual gas and particle beams (Bremsstrahlung radiation, energy loss due to ionization, charge shift of ion beams, photo-absorption and photo-ionization, and slowing-down in a plasma), 4) surface properties (crystal structure, and interaction between surface and the residual gas), 5) interaction between the beam and walls (reflection and diffraction of electrons, secondary emission of electrons, desorption induced by electron and ion impacts, photon production, ion-wall interaction, sputtering, ion penetration, surface ionization and thermal-ionization), and 6) radiation-wall interaction (diffusion, damping, photo-electric effect, desorption induced by photons, pair production and laser-surface interaction). (A.C.)

  8. Hvad praktikere bør vide om...CAPM-modellen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peder Harbjerg

    1997-01-01

    CAPM-modellen er en hovedhjørnesten i den moderne porteføljeteori. CAPM står for Capital Asset Pricing Modellen, men det navn lover mere end et holder. Der er kun tale om en porteføljebaseret differentiering af risikopræmierne.......CAPM-modellen er en hovedhjørnesten i den moderne porteføljeteori. CAPM står for Capital Asset Pricing Modellen, men det navn lover mere end et holder. Der er kun tale om en porteføljebaseret differentiering af risikopræmierne....

  9. Modelisation, conception et simulation des performances d'un collecteur solaire aeraulique a tubes sous vide en milieu nordique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradis, Pierre-Luc

    The global energy consumption is still increasing year after year even if different initiatives are set up to decrease fossil fuel dependency. In Canada 80% of the energy is used for space heating and domestic hot water heating in residential sector. This heat could be provided by solar thermal technologies despite few difficulties originating from the cold climate. The aim of this project is to design a solar evacuated tube thermal collector using air as the working fluid. Firstly, needs and specifications of the product are established in a clear way. Then, three concepts of collector are presented. The first one relies on the standard evacuated tube. The second one uses a new technology of tubes; both sides are open. The third one uses heat pipe to extract the heat from the tubes. Based on the needs and specification as criteria, the concept involving tubes with both sides open has been selected as the best idea. In order to simulate the performances of the collector, a model of the heat exchanges in an evacuated tube was developed in 4 steps. The first step is a model in steady state intended to calculate the stagnation temperature of the tube for a fixed solar radiation, outside temperature and wind speed. As a second step, the model is generalised to transient condition in order to validate it with an experimental setup. A root mean square error of 2% is then calculated. The two remainder steps are intended to calculate the temperature of airflow leaving the tube. In the same way, a first model in steady state is developed and then generalised to the transient mode. Then, the validation with an experimental setup gave a difference of 0.2% for the root mean square error. Finally, a preindustrial prototype intended to work in open loop for preheating of fresh air is presented. During the project, explosion of the both sides open evacuated tube in overheating condition blocked the construction of a real prototype for the test. Different path for further work are also identified. One of these is in relation with CFD simulation of the uniformity of the airflow inside of the collector. Another one is the analysis of the design with a design of experiment plan.

  10. Delayed Clostridium perfringens growth from a spore inocula by sodium lactate in sous-vide chicken products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juneja, Vijay K

    2006-04-01

    Clostridium perfringens growth from a spore inoculum was investigated in vacuum-packaged, cook-in-bag marinated chicken breast that included 0%, 1.5%, 3%, or 4.8% sodium lactate (NaL; w/w). The packages were processed to an internal temperature of 71.1 degrees C, ice chilled and stored at 4, 19, and 25 degrees C. The total C. perfringens population was determined by plating diluted samples on Tryptose-sulfite-cycloserine agar followed by anaerobic incubation for 48 h at 37 degrees C. At 25 degrees C, addition of 1.5% NaL was effective in delaying growth for 29 h. Increasing the NaL level to 4.8%, C. perfringens growth from a spore inoculum during storage at 25 degrees C for 480 h was not observed. At 19 degrees C, the growth was > 6 log 10 cfu/g by 288 h in control samples. In samples with 3.0% or 4.8% NaL, the growth of C. perfringens from spores was dramatically restricted with little or no growth in 648 h at 19 degrees C. C. perfringens growth was not observed at 4 degrees C regardless of NaL concentration. The D-values at 55 degrees C ranged from 47.40 (no NaL) to 57.58 min (1.5% NaL). Cyclic and static temperature abuse of refrigerated products for 20 h did not permit C. perfringens growth. However, temperature abuse of products for periods 24 h or longer in the absence of NaL led to growth of C. perfringens from a spore inoculum. An extra degree of safety may be assured in such products by supplementation with NaL at 1.5-4.8% NaL level.

  11. Volatile Compounds Profile of Sous-Vide Cooked Pork Cheeks as Affected by Cooking Conditions (Vacuum Packaging, Temperature and Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Sanchez del Pulgar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The volatile organic compound (VOC profile of pork cheeks as affected by the cooking conditions was investigated. Pork cheeks were cooked under different combinations of temperature (60 °C or 80 °C, time (5 or 12 h and vacuum (vacuum or air-packaged. As a general rule, the VOCs originating from lipid degradation were positively affected by the cooking temperature and negatively by the cooking time, reaching the highest amounts in pork cheeks cooked at 80 °C during 5 h and the lowest in samples cooked at 80 °C during 12 h. On the contrary, VOCs originated from amino acids and Maillard reactions were positively affected by both factors. The proportion between lipid degradation and amino acids reactions was estimated by the hexanal/3-methylbutanal ratio, which reached its highest values in samples cooked at 60 °C during 5 h in the presence of air and the lowest values in samples cooked at 80 °C during 12 h, regardless of the vacuum status.

  12. Oligo cyclic plastic fatigue of Zircaloy-4 under vacuum and in iodinated methanol; Fatigue plastique oligocyclique du Zircaloy-4 sous vide et dans le methanol iode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beloucif, A.

    1995-01-01

    Our study was bound to the Zircaloy-4 fuel can damage in PWR type reactors. The topic was the damage mechanisms of Zircaloy-4 by oligo-cyclic plastic fatigue in inert atmosphere and in iodinated methanol. The oligo-cyclic plastic fatigue tests, under vacuum, were performed with steady plastic deformation and deformation speed. The corrosion fatigue tests in iodinated methanol put to the fore one obvious harmful part of iodine on Zircaloy-4 resistance to cyclic solicitations. The observations proved the existence of a very strong synergic effect between cyclic mechanical damage and corrosion. (MML). 84 refs., 117 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. På vej mod en dansk krondyrforvaltning (Cervus elaphus): Hvad mangler vi at vide, og hvad mangler vi at gøre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sunde, Peter; Haugaard, Lars

    2014-01-01

    elaphus) are legal quarry (not subject to quotas) for anyone holding a valid license to hunt on their own land (more than 1 hectare), or on rented ground (larger than 5 hectares). This leads to the ‘tragedy of the commons’ syndrome where multiple land owners and hunters on rented ground compete...... hunt on those that have reached the targeted body or trophy size. In addition to securing all stag hunters an attractive trophy, a minimum-size threshold for hunted stags would also prevent selection for earlier maturity and smaller body size....

  14. Effect of grapefruit seed extract on thermal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes during sous-vide processing of two marinated Mexican meat entrées

    Science.gov (United States)

    D and z values of Listeria monocytogenes were obtained for two Mexican meat entrées: pork meat marinated in tomatillo (green tomato) sauce (PTS) and beef marinated in a red chili sauce (BRCS), with addition of 0, 200 and 800 ppm of grapefruit seed extract (GSE). Meat samples, inoculated with L.monoc...

  15. Modélisation et optimisation de la qualité d'expérience client des services data sur le réseau mobile. Application au vidéo streaming

    OpenAIRE

    Bouzian, Mohamed

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, mobile devices have become more powerful in terms of computing power, memory, size and screen quality. These improvements have greatly stimulated demand for multimedia services including video streaming. Moreover, customers are increasingly demanding in terms of the quality rendered on this type of service. In addition, a bad experience of video streaming has a great impact on the perception that customers have of the operator. Optimizing the quality of experience (QoE) of cu...

  16. The spectre of an “empty bed”: Debbie Shewell’s More Than One Antoinette Le spectre du « lit vide » : More Than One Antoinette de Debbie Shewell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sue Thomas

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available La pièce de théâtre gothique de Debbie Shewell intitulée More Than One Antoinette fut présentée à Londres en 1990 au Young Vic Studio par la troupe féministe britannique Monstrous Regiment. Cette pièce propose une révision de deux textes: Jane Eyre et Wide Sargasso Sea. Elle tente d’instaurer un dialogue critique entre les deux histoires afin d’aborder la question du sujet féministe britannique contemporain.Reprenant l’argument de Judith Halberstam selon lequel « la littérature de l’horreur » a la « faculté de transformer les combats politiques en états mentaux » et de « brouiller la distinction entre les deux », cet article examine le regard critique que pose Debbie Shewell sur Charlotte Brontë et Jean Rhys et analyse la portée et les conséquences de l’interprétation psychologique que fait Debbie Shewell de Bertha Mason Rochester et de sa relation avec Jane Eyre.

  17. Genetic Characterization of Old Grapevines collected in Oases of the Atacama Desert Caracterización Genética de Vides Antiguas colectadas en Oasis del Desierto de Atacama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Poblete

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Old grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. accessions are a source of genes that could be rescued for use per se or in modern breeding programs. The first step in this rescuing is collecting and characterizing the germplasm from a particular region. This study presents the genetic characterization of 21 grapevine accessions collected from the Atacama Desert in the far North of Chile. Characterization was based on 12 microsatellites (Simple Sequence Repeats, or SSRs supplemented with Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphic (AFLP markers. Most of the collected accessions produced red berries and shared the genetic characteristics of the cv. País, an old genotype found throughout America. However, among those red-berried accessions, one showed a severe abortive phenotype (22S7, and another (6S4 differed from ‘País’ in one allele. Both could be examples of somatic mutations, even though no variations in their AFLP patterns were found. On the other hand, the only accession with red berries that exhibited genetic characteristics different from those of ‘País’ (5CN corresponded to ‘Gros Colman’, a supposedly Georgian genotype introduced to this region by the mid-20th century. Greater genetic diversity was detected among the white and pink accessions, which were classified into five clades based on their SSR allelic patterns. Of these genotypes, 11Si was identified as ‘Emperatriz’ or ‘Red Seedless’, an Argentinean variety; accessions 16H1 and 17H2 corresponded to a product of crossing ‘País’ and ‘Muscat of Alexandria’; and, finally, accession 20S5 was identified as ‘Ahmeur bou Ahmeur’, an Algerian genotype harboring pink berries. Two seeded genotypes harboring small and large white berries were not identified as known varieties. The possible use of these accessions for breeding to enhance survival in the harsh environment of the Atacama Desert is discussed.Las accesiones de vid (Vitis vinifera L. de antigua data son una fuente de variantes génicas que pueden ser rescatadas para su uso directo o su incorporación en programas de fitomejoramiento. La primera etapa de este rescate es la colecta y caracterización del germoplasma propio de una región particular. Este estudio describe la caracterización genética de 21 accesiones de vid colectadas en el desierto de Atacama, en el Norte de Chile. La caracterización se basó en 12 marcadores de microsatélites (SSR, complementado con marcadores de tipo fragmentos amplificados de largo variable (AFLP. La mayoría de las accesiones colectadas con bayas negras corresponden al genotipo ‘País’, un cultivar antiguo que se encuentra distribuido en toda América. Sin embargo, entre las accesiones de baya negra, una de ellas mostró un fenotipo abortivo severo (22S7, y otro (6S4 difirió en un alelo con respecto a ‘País’. Ambos podrían ser ejemplos de mutaciones somáticas, aun cuando no fue posible detectar variaciones en sus patrones de AFLP. Por otra parte, la única accesión con bayas negras que exhibió características genéticas diferentes a ‘País’ correspondió a ‘Gros Colman’ (5CN, un genotipo supuestamente proveniente de Georgia, Rusia, introducido en esta región a mediados del siglo XX. Una mayor diversidad genética fue detectada entre las accesiones de bayas blancas y rosadas, que se clasificaron en cinco clados en base a sus alelos de microsatélites. De estos genotipos, 11Si se identificó como ‘Emperatriz’ o ‘Red Seedless’, una variedad de origen argentino, mientras que las accesiones 16H1 y 17H2 correspondieron a un cruzamiento de ‘Moscatel de Alejandría’ × ‘País’. Por último, la accesión 20S5 se identificó como ‘Ahmeur bou Ahmeur’, un genotipo argelino de bayas de color rosado. Dos genotipos semillados de bayas blancas, pequeñas o grandes, no se asimilaron con alguna variedad conocida. Se discute también la posibilidad de utilizar algunas de estas accesiones en fitomejoramiento, para aumentar la tolerancia a estreses propios del ambiente del desierto de Atacama.

  18. Nicolas Weill-Parot, Points aveugles de la nature : l’occulte, l’attraction magnétique et l’horreur du vide (XIIIe-milieu du XVe siècle)

    OpenAIRE

    Iribarren, Isabel

    2016-01-01

    Alors que le merveilleux, la magie et les pratiques superstitieuses ont souvent fait l’objet d’étude dans le domaine de l’histoire doctrinale et culturelle médiévale, les tentatives d’explication rationnelle des phénomènes naturels occultes au Moyen Âge n’ont été considérées que de manière tangentielle. Dans une perspective d’histoire des sciences qui n’est pas sans revendiquer l’ascendant de Danielle Jacquart, cet ouvrage vient combler cette lacune dans l’historiographie. Weill-Parot, auteur...

  19. Evaluation de la diversité bactérienne et de son évolution pendant la conservation de la viande fraîche bovine de différentes origines emballée sous vide

    OpenAIRE

    Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique; Maréchal, Aline; Nezer, Carine; Taminiau, Bernard; Daube, Georges; Clinquart, Antoine

    2011-01-01

    Un grand nombre de bactéries lactiques associées à la viande sont connues comme d'importants producteurs de bactériocines. Ces bactériocines sont des toxines protéiques présentant une activité bactéricide ou bactériostatique contre des espèces proches de la souche productrice. La présence de certaines bactéries lactiques dans la viande fraîche pourrait donc prolonger la durée de conservation, et améliorer la stabilité microbienne et la sécurité de ce produit. Dans ce contexte, une étude a été...

  20. Advanced glycation end products, physico-chemical and sensory characteristics of cooked lamb loins affected by cooking method and addition of flavour precursors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roldan, Mar; Loebner, Jürgen; Degen, Julia

    2015-01-01

    The influence of the addition of a flavour enhancer solution (FES) (d-glucose, d-ribose, l-cysteine and thiamin) and of sous-vide cooking or roasting on moisture, cooking loss, instrumental colour, sensory characteristics and formation of Maillard reaction (MR) compounds in lamb loins was studied....... FES reduced cooking loss and increased water content in sous-vide samples. FES and cooking method showed a marked effect on browning development, both on the meat surface and within. FES led to tougher and chewier texture in sous-vide cooked lamb, and enhanced flavour scores of sous-vide samples more...

  1. Ibn al-Ṣīd al-Baṭalyawsī (444/1052-521/1127: de los reinos de taifas a la época almorávide a través de la biografía de un ulema polifacético

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serrano, Delfina

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Ibn al-Ṣīd al-Baṭalyawsī (Badajoz 444/1052-Valencia 521/1127 is known mainly as a grammarian, a lexicographer and, though less so, as a philosopher. He was also a prominent traditionist with interests in jurisprudence and theology, and enjoyed a career as a court-poet and secretary. Virtually all of his works have survived. They were praised by medieval biographers and have attracted the attention of modem scholars, so that we have quite a number of critical editions and studies of them. By contrast, we have few data on Ibn al-Sīd's life, and those few are difficult to use. This is probably why there are so few studies devoted to his career, despite its importance to an understanding of his literary production. This article aims at filling the gap. I use biographical sources in order to establish Ibn al-Sīd's origins, education, career, pupils and writings. I also attempt to establish where Ibn al-Sīd lived, and when, in different parts of al-Andalus, in the changing political and cultural context following the Almoravid conquest. Finally I offer an assessment of Ibn al-Sīd's general contribution to Andalusī intellectual history.

    Ibn al-Sīd al-Baṭalyawsī (Badajoz 444/1052-Valencia 521/1127 es conocido básicamente por su actividad en el campo de la gramática y la lexicografía, y por sus incursiones en la filosofía. También destacó en la ciencia del hadiz, interesándose además por cuestiones jurídicas y teológicas. Su obra se ha conservado prácticamente completa. Es valorada positivamente por los biógrafos y el interés que ha despertado entre los investigadores modernos ha dado lugar a un buen número de ediciones críticas y estudios. Cuando un investigador se acerca por primera vez a la figura de Ibn al-Sīd comprueba, sin embargo, que los datos disponibles acerca de su vida son escasos y, en ocasiones, de difícil aprovechamiento, y piensa que probablemente a ello se deba la ausencia de un estudio monográfico sobre su trayectoria vital. Con este artículo se pretende llenar ese vacío. Mediante un examen detenido de las fuentes biográficas se pasa revista a los orígenes, formación, campos de actuación, discípulos y obras de Ibn al-Sīd al-Baṭalyawsī. Asimismo se intenta fijar la cronología de sus múltiples desplazamientos e indagar en sus motivaciones, para terminar haciendo una valoración de su contribución general a la cultura de al-Andalus. La de Ibn al-Sīd fue una vida a caballo entre dos épocas durante las cuales el poeta y secretario real, que viaja de taifa en taifa en busca de acomodo, tiene que adaptarse, no sin dificultades, a un nuevo contexto político y cultural, tras la conquista almorávid.

  2. Waterless Cleaning Compositions with Disinfection Properties: Efficacy and Environmental Aspects / Bezûdens Tîrîðanas Lîdzekïi Ar Dezinficçjoðo Iedarbîbu: Efektivitâte Un Apkârtçjas Vides Aspekti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muter Olga

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The microbial ecology of different indoor environments determines the human microbiome. Hence, cleaning and disinfection of indoor environments like hospitals, apartments, automobiles, etc. are of great importance. Nonaqueous surface cleaning preparations (SCPs are often used for this purpose. A cleaning composition may contain the following compounds: primary surfactant, cosurfactant, solvent, cosolvent, organotropic (organic solubilizing agent, hydrotropic (water solubilising agent, water and salts, and special additives. In this paper, the efficacy of complex preparations is discussed, focusing on the chemical composition and testing methods. Particular attention is paid to quaternary ammonium compounds, i.e. surfactants with disinfection properties, which are known to act as antistatic agents, detergents, oil-in-water emulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, and lubricants. Specificity of target microorganisms, physicochemical properties of surrounding media and treatment mode are the main factors affecting the efficacy of disinfection. Due to the enormous economic importance and massive worldwide use of surfactants and disinfectants, their environmental impact needs to be evaluated and controlled. Increased knowledge and better understanding of the antimicrobial capacity of disinfectants are essential to optimise sanitation procedures, to reduce costs, environment waste and to improve shelf life.

  3. ¿Cómo fue que el viñedo adquirió importancia? Significados de las vides, calidades de las uvas, y cambio socio-técnico en la producción vinícola de Mendoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernán Thomas

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available

    According to those involved, Argentine wine has changed radically over the past few decades. Limiting itself to the Mendoza region, this paper wants to analyze some of the changes observed in vineyards from a socio-technical perspective. Following the way that the definition of quality is (reconstructed, a relationship is sought between vines and wine and the use of certain technologies. The paper shows how the dynamics between social groups and artifacts create different conceptions of quality, which in turn lead to a different role of grapes in the wine making process. It also shows that the changes observed do not necessarily imply a ‘new way’ has taken over an ‘old way’. It rather seems that different social groups are relevant in different technological frames, displacing others.

    Según los diferentes actores implicados en el proceso de producción, el vino argentino ha vivido cambios radicales en las últimas décadas. Limitándose a la región de Mendoza, esta investigación intenta analizar algunos de los cambios observados en los viñedos desde una perspectiva socio-técnica. Siguiendo la forma como la definición de calidad es (reconstruida, se busca comprender la relación existente entre la interpretación de la vid y el uso de ciertas tecnologías. El artículo muestra cómo las dinámicas entre grupos sociales y artefactos crean significados diferentes de calidad, lo que a su vez otorga diferentes papeles a las uvas en el proceso de producción de vinos. También muestra que los cambios descriptos no necesariamente implican que una ‘nueva tradición’ haya reemplazado a una ‘vieja tradición’, sino que diferentes grupos sociales son relevantes en diferentes marcos tecnológicos, desplazando a otros.

  4. Inhibiton of Yellow Nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.) and Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers) by a Mulch Derived from Rye (Secale cereale L.) in grapevines Inhibición del Crecimiento de Chufa (Cyperus esculentus L.) y Pasto Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) con mulch Vegetal Proveniente de Centeno (Secale cereale L.) en Vides

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Ormeño-Núñez; Gerardo Pino-Rojas; Farouk Garfe-Vergara

    2008-01-01

    Two field trials (Los Andes 1998-1999 and Santiago 2004-2005) were carried out to determine growth inhibition of yellow nutsedge (Cyperus esculentus L.) and bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.), growing on the plantation row, by mulch derived from a rye (Secale cereale L.) cover crop established between grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) rows on overhead (cv. Flame Seedless) and vertical (cv. Cabernet Sauvignon) training. Spring mowing of the rye sown in the fall allowed for developing a thi...

  5. Optimized density-weighted imaging for dynamic contrast-enhanced 3D-MR mammography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutberlet, Marcel; Roth, Anne; Hahn, Dietbert; Köstler, Herbert

    2011-02-01

    To increase the spatial coverage and to reduce slice crosstalk combined with an optimal signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in 3D dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance (MR) mammography. Asymmetric sampling schemes and a new reconstruction strategy based on virtual coils are presented for density-weighted (DW) 3D imaging. Additionally, for MR mammography an alternating DW (ADW) sampling along the k(y) direction shifts the undersampling artifacts out of the signal reception region. Virtual coils for effective DW (VIDED) imaging suppresses the aliasing in undersampled DW imaging. VIDED and ADW were compared to the conventional Cartesian imaging in phantom and in vivo MR mammography studies. The slice crosstalk was significantly reduced by VIDED and compared to Cartesian imaging the SNR increased by 16%. Additionally, VIDED and ADW provided a substantially increased field of view (FOV) in the slice direction and allowed the spatial resolution to be improved (up to 60% for ADW and 30% for VIDED) without lengthening the scan time. VIDED and ADW improve the image quality in 3D DCE MR mammography by enhancing the spatial resolution, reducing the slice crosstalk at nearly optimal SNR, and increasing the FOV in the slice direction. For VIDED no lengthening of the scan time or usage of multichannel receiver coils is necessary. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  6. Studies in Petroleum Composition the Distribution of Nitrogen Species, Metals and Coke Precursors During High Vacuum Distillation of Petroleum Étude de composition du pétrole Répartition des espèces azotées, des métaux et des précurseurs du coke pendant la distillation sous vide poussé du pétrole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long R. B.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Application of separation techniques to residua and other heavy feedstocks raises the issue of the most appropriate distillation cut-point for the maximum yield of useful (gas-oil type liquids. This publication addresses this specific issue and describes the influence of deepdistillation (to 1289°F+ on the composition and quality of the volatiles/nonvolatiles from a 950°F+ residuum. The techniques employed to estimate the composition/quality of the 950-1289°F and 1289°F+ fractions are deasphalting and clay-adsorption separation of each whole fraction. The data show that further distillation of the 950°F+ residuum can recover essentially all of the saturate content of the feed in the overhead product at 1289°F atmos. equiv. cut point. However, appreciable amounts of oxygen- and nitrogen-containing polar compounds are also taken overhead leading to a carbon residue value for the distillate of 8. 2 wt%. The metals and the coke precursors in the distillate lie mainly in the polar fraction along with the nitrogen compounds. However, at these high molecular weights the distillate also shows coke precursors in the saturate fraction and more extensively in the aromatic fraction. Distillation is an impurity (carbon precursors, heteroatoms, metals concentrating process. As the cut-point increases, the impurity content of the distillate increases but to a lesser extent than that of the corresponding residuum. L'application des techniques de séparation aux résidus et autres matières lourdes conduit à s'interroger sur le point de coupe de distillation adéquat qui va permettre d'obtenir le rendement maximum en liquides utiles (type gazole. Il faut reconnaître que la distillation est un processus de concentration des impuretés (produits de tête, hétéroatomes, métaux. Lorsque le point de coupe s'élève, le contenu en impuretés du distillat augmente, mais il augmente moins que celui du résidu correspondant. La présente publication étudie cette question et tente de décrire l'influence d'une distillation approfondieà +1289 °F (environ 698 °C sur la composition en produits volatils/non volatils d'un résidu obtenu à + 950 °F (510 °C. A +1289 °F, la distillation concentre dans la fraction obtenue la majorité de l'azote, du nickel, du vanadium et des produits de tête. Cependant, étant donné le niveau élevé de son point de coupe, cette procédure implique virtuellement que certaines molécules contenant des hétéroatomes seront volatiles au point de coupe. Des quantités significatives de ces produits se trouvent dans la fraction 950-1289 °F. Parmi ceux d'entre eux qui contiennent de l'azote, on pourra trouver des benzophénanthrolines et des benzocarbazoles alkylés dont les points d'ébullition se situent dans le domaine 950-1289 °F. Il n'est pas non plus surprenant de trouver dans cette fraction des métaux volatils, puisque les organométalliques se vaporisent vers 1100 °F (environ 593 °C. Les matériaux du domaine A-1289 °F ont donné des rendements élevés en pentane- et heptane- -asphaltènes. Le bilan des poids des asphaltènes sur la base A-950 °F fait apparaître des quantités excessives d'asphaltènes dans le domaine A-1289 °F dépassant la marge d'erreurs permise dans la technique de désalphatage. On a également noté des déséquilibresen asphaltène comparables, lorsque des matières lourdes sont fractionnées par un désalphatage séquentiel utilisant des hydrocarbures différents à chaque étape (13. On peut penser que la technique d'adsorption, comme le désalphatage séquentiel, rompt les forces intermoléculaires qui, autrement, pourraient rendre les constituants de la charge solubles dans les hydrocarbones, du fait de la nature non polaire des participants. Dans le cas présent, on peut penser que les forces intermoléculaires du A-1289 °F sont plus difficiles à rompre par les n-paraffines (ou par le toluène du fait de l'absence relative (par rapport à A-950 °F d'un milieu hydrocarbure dispersant. Un tel phénomène donnerait des rendements plus élevés en asphaltènes dans A-1289 °F que dans A-950 °F. Si l'on fait un sous-fractionnement des fractions 940-1289 °F et + 1289 °F par la technique d'adsorption sur céramique, on observe également des phénomènes intéressants. La fraction 950-1289 °F comporte principalement des hydrocarbures saturés (60% et aromatiques (26,5% mais également des produits polaires (13,2 % ; 13,5% avec un adsorbant; en revanche, la fraction + 1289 °F contient très peu d'hydrocarbures saturés (3,7 % mais les aromatiques (42,3 % et produits polaires (52,7 % ; 54 avec un adsorbant y sont prédominants. Les résultats montrent que poursuivre la distillation du résidu + 950 °F permet de récupérer essentiellement tous les produits saturés de la charge dans le produit supérieur au point de coupe de 1289 °F. Toutefois, des quantités appréciables de produits polaires contenant de l'oxygène et de l'azote sont également dans le produit supérieur, ce qui donne pour le distillat une valeur de 8,2 % en poids du résidu de carbone. Les métaux et les produits de tête du distillat sont principalement dans la fraction polaire avec les composés azotés. Toutefois, à ces poids moléculaires élevés, le distillat comporte également des produits de tête dans la fraction saturée et dans une plus forte proportion dans la fraction aromatique. La distillation est un processus de concentration des impuretés (carbures de tête, hétéroatomes, métaux. Lorsque le point de coupe s'élève, le contenu en impuretés du distillat augmente, mais il augmente moins que celui du résidu correspondant.

  7. The evolutionary landscape of antifolate resistance in Plasmodium ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2011-08-19

    Aug 19, 2011 ... allow heterologous expression of malarial proteins pro- vide a tractable way to investigate ... cause steric interference with the docking of competitively inhibiting antifolates ... Keywords. malaria; drug resistance; dihydrofolate reductase; pyrimethamine; chlorcycloguanil; antifolates. Journal of Genetics, Vol.

  8. Galileo Galilei

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KAIBGE-340/2oo1. Ucenced to POSt WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - August 2001. Galileo Galilei. (1564 - 1642). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273196. ISSN 0971-8044.

  9. Johann Bernoulli Jacob Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Johann Bernoulli. (1667-1748). Jacob Bernoulli. ( 1654-1705). Daniel Bernoulli. (1700-1782). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  10. The dependence of scattering length on van der Waals interaction ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-06-16

    adiabatic effects. So inclusion of both these effects are extremely useful to describe the cold energy atomic collision processes. It could pro- vide better information if van der Waals interaction is included in all the systems with different ...

  11. "Nokia" pole pooltki Kaalit / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Populaarteaduslik film Kaali meteoriidiplahvatusest "Kaali saladus" : stsenarist ja režissöör Urmas E. Liiv : operaator Ago Ruus : produtsendid Uldis Cekulis ja Riho Västrik : OÜ Vesilind (Eesti) - Vides Filmu Studija (Läti)

  12. Investigation of erosion rates of field samples using FDOT's enhanced sediment erosion rate flume (SERF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    The first part of this project was to enhance and improve the Florida Department of Transportations : Sediment Erosion Rate Flume (SERF) device. Notable improvements include a pump repair, laser : system enhancement, installation of a digital vide...

  13. A comparison of the retention of vitamins B1, B2 and B6, and cooking yield in pork loin with conventional and enhanced meal-service systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Anne Dahl; Kall, M.; Hansen, K.

    2002-01-01

    In this study different simulated meal-service systems were compared with respect to vitamin B-1, B-2 and B-6 retention, and cooking yield in pork roasts. Initially the roasts were cooked traditionally or sous vide. No significant differences were observed between cooking methods. Further...... processing included warm-holding, conventional cook-chill, modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) and sous vide. Compared to retention in the freshly cooked samples, vitamin B-2 retention remained unaffected, irrespective of the meal-service system used and storage period. As regards vitamin B-1 and vitamin B-6......, retentions declined significantly, by 14% and 21% respectively during 3 h of warm-holding, and by 11% and 19% respectively after 1 day of storage and subsequent reheating (cook-chill, MAP and sous vide). Vitamin B-1 retention declined by an extra 4% during storage for 14 days (sous vide) (not significant...

  14. Role of IUC-DAEF in promoting neutron beam research in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IUC-DAEF) is an autonomous institute of the University Grants Commission and pro- vides an interface between the university fraternity and the institutions of Department of. Atomic Energy. Mumbai Centre of IUC-DAEF promotes and supports ...

  15. Vene miilits peab eestlast süüdi ülikalli maali varguses / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2001-01-01

    Ermitaazhist varastati prantsuse kunstniku Jean-Leon Gerome (1824-1904) maal "Bassein haaremis". Kahtlusalusena vahistati O. Sillam. Kommentaar kunstniku kohta Ants Juskelt. Viimaste aastate suuremate kunstiröövide loetelu

  16. Culturalisme et réflexion existen- tialiste—Une lecture de Retour de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Comment alors comprendre ce vide, ou mieux cette peur du vide ? Dans un contexte multiculturel, l'intellectuel africain vivant en Occident, comme le héros de Retour de manivelle, sent le besoin d'aller vers l'autre(l'Occidental) et de lui apporter sa contribution. Cependant lorsqu'il est rejeté par l'autre, il se sent seul, et.

  17. Comment fonctionne l’Univers ? Ce que le LHC peut nous apprendre

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2008-01-01

    L'Univers en son enfance était une "soupe" de particules, de plus en plus chaudes (de plus haute énergie) à mesure qu'on remonte vers sa naissance, le "big bang". C'est ainsi que les observations à des énergies de plus en plus élevées nous permettent, par exemple, de nous approcher de plus près de la prime jeunesse de l'Univers et, donc, de mieux le comprendre. L'étude du macro- et du micro-cosme sont une science unique dans laquelle, de façon surprenante, ce que nous comprenons le moins bien est le vide, qui ne semble pas l'être: il existe une différence fondamentale entre le vide et le néant. Le LHC pourrait nous permettre de voir les vibrations de la "substance" du vide, qu'on appelle les particules 'de Higgs'.

  18. Effet de la durée de conservation sur la qualité du pollen en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    fermées avec un bouchon en caoutchouc, sous vide à l'aide d'une pompe à vide. Pour chaque variété et par lot, 25 unités d'ampoules sont conditionnées. Selon les quantités de pollen nécessaires pour les différents tests de qualité et la durée mensuelle de conservation (0, 1, 2, 3 et 4 mois), le nombre d'unités d'ampoules ...

  19. Effect of cooking on the concentration of bioactive compounds in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Avenger) and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Alphina F1) grown in an organic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Reis, Luzia Caroline Ramos; de Oliveira, Viviani Ruffo; Hagen, Martine Elisabeth Kienzle; Jablonski, André; Flôres, Simone Hickmann; de Oliveira Rios, Alessandro

    2015-04-01

    Brassica vegetables have been shown to have antioxidant capacities due to the presence of carotenoids, flavonoids and vitamins. This study evaluates the influence of different processing conditions (boiling, steaming, microwaving and sous vide) on the stability of flavonoids, carotenoids and vitamin A in broccoli and cauliflower inflorescences grown in an organic system. Results indicated that sous vide processing resulted in greater antioxidant capacity and that all processes contributed in some way to an increased content of antioxidant compounds in both cauliflower and broccoli. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Interactions of Lipid Vesicles with Blood Proteins and Platelets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-31

    B 1.6. . ..- " % (U) 10 AD-A 192 245/ SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ’HIS PAGE REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Ia. REPORT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION Tb RES...liposomes vide novel constituents in the development of tipo - with the phagocytic cells of the reticuloendothelial somal drug carrier systems or of

  1. 2484-IJBCS-Article-Bazonga Pascal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    1Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA), Département Gestion des Ressources .... de cette plante, en évoquant un risque .... plan financier. Il s'agit d'une culture de diversification qui demande moins de suivi. Certains producteurs cultivent Jatropha pour valoriser les espaces vides ou mieux.

  2. Oil Price Movements and Globalisation: Is There a Connection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-09-01

    ranging from the pace and scale of global integration and the characteristics of the digital di- vide to the impact of globalisation on income...linkages versus size effects”, Economia Internazionale, Vol. XLIV, No.2–3, pp. 228–243. Looney, Robert E. (1990), “Oil revenues and the Dutch disease

  3. Isotopic and sedimentological clues to productivity change in Late ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R.Narasimhan(krishtel emaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Detail facies analysis of the Bhander Limestone (Sarkar et al 1996) pro- vided the basis for facies-specific isotope studies. Keywords. δ13C; Late Riphean; intracratonic; organic productivity. Proc. .... shelf (composite domal forms). 4.29 ... Pikridih, Raipur Limestone, Chattisgarh; note high amount of inter columnar material.

  4. Ferdie Weich

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.B. Ruthven

    viding a grammatical context. As there are no definitions or descriptions of the headword entries, the only sources of meaning are the English and Afrikaans equivalents. However, dictionary users, especially bilingual or multilingual ones, know how inade- quate semantic minimalism can be. There is never any perfect word ...

  5. South Africa's new African language dictionaries and their use for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Riette Ruthven

    ment the general vocabulary (general dictionaries) or the specialized vocabulary (technical diction- aries). They empower the language users because they help to improve communication by pro- viding users with the necessary vocabulary they need. In addition, dictionaries have a high sym- bolic value for a language.

  6. South Africa's new African language dictionaries and their use for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dictionaries are useful tools for language documentation and standardization, as they try to cover and docu-ment the general vocabulary (general dictionaries) or the specialized vocabulary (technical diction-aries). They empower the language users because they help to improve communication by pro-viding users with the ...

  7. Studies on electron transfer reactions: Reduction of heteropoly 10 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Acknowledgements. The authors P S and K R thank the University Grants. Commission, New Delhi for financial assistance in the form of major research project. The authors thank the managing Board of Virudhunagar Hindu Nadars'. Senthikumara Nadar College, Virudhunagar for pro- viding research facilities. References.

  8. Kui abielu avab paradiisiväravad / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2007-01-01

    Kasahstani presidendi Nursultan Nazarbajevi väimees Rahhat Alijev vabastati kõigist senistest ametitest ning nüüd ootab ta Austrias kodumaale saatmist, süüdistatuna inimröövides pärast presidendi kritiseerimist. Soovist kandideerida 2012. aastal Kasahstani presidendi ametikohale. Lisa: Tadžiki president ja üheksa last

  9. Nasrin et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(S):170 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Considering the controversy over the risk of toxic heavy metals in Ayurvedic herbo-mineral .... (Approved by the Government of Bangladesh vide Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Memo No. ... parameters such as total protein, serum albumin, bilirubin (total and direct), serum ..... Preparation and characterization of a.

  10. Aircraft Derived Low Level Winds and Upwelling Off the Peruvian Cost during March, April, and May 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    Force Institute of Technology (ATC) ~ vih -Patterson AFB,. OH 45433 19. KEY WORDS (Continue on reverse side if necessary and identify by block number) 20...per- manent high located west of Chile drives the consistent southerly winds, while the more variable ocean currents pro- vide the colder subsurface

  11. Profiling Systems Using the Defining Characteristics of Systems of Systems (SoS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    reviewed drafts of this technical note and pro- vided many useful comments and recommendations: Peter Capell , Paul Clements, Rick Kazman, Harry...London, UK: Addison-Wesley, 2002 (ISBN: 0201675102). 72 | CMU/SEI-2010-TN-001 [Firesmith 2008] Donald Firesmith, Peter Capell , Dietrich Falkenthal

  12. Concurrent Working Memory Load Can Facilitate Selective Attention: Evidence for Specialized Load

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Soojin; Kim, Min-Shik; Chun, Marvin M.

    2007-01-01

    Load theory predicts that concurrent working memory load impairs selective attention and increases distractor interference (N. Lavie, A. Hirst, J. W. de Fockert, & E. Viding, see record 2004-17825-003). Here, the authors present new evidence that the type of concurrent working memory load determines whether load impairs selective attention or not.…

  13. Biomedical infertility care in sub-Saharan Africa: a social science review of current practices, experiences and view points

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerrits, T.; Shaw, M.

    2010-01-01

    Some sort of infertility treatments, including the use of advanced reproductive technologies (ARTs), is nowadays pro- vided at several places in sub-Saharan Africa. Yet, to date only a few studies have actually looked into the way these treatments are offered, used and experienced. In this review

  14. Kunst på det operative niveau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Hans Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Gennem de seneste årtier har begrebet ”operativ kunst” opnået en voksende anerkendelse og popularitet. Der findes – så vidt vides – ikke en samlet dansk tekst, der forsøger at beskrive og definere begrebet operativ kunst eller ”Operational Art”. Begrebet anvendes i såvel krigshistorien som i...

  15. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp.795–906 + 4 pages (112 pages). Resonance – September 2011. Richard P Feynman. - (1918–1988). Regn No. KRNA/BGE-340/2009-11 - ISSN 0971-8044. Licenced to Post without prepayment No. 6. Posted at MBC, GPO, Bangalore 560 001, 12.09.11. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No.

  16. Color invariant edge detection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geusebroek, J.-M.; Dev, A.; van den Boomgaard, R.; Smeulders, A.W.M.; Cornelissen, F.; Geerts, H.; Nielsen, M.; Johansen, P.; Olsen, O.F.; Weickert, J.

    1999-01-01

    Segmentation based on color, instead of intensity only, pro- vides an easier distinction between materials, on the condition that ro- bustness against irrelevant parameters is achieved, such as illumination source, shadows, geometry and camera sensitivities. Modeling the phys- ical process of the

  17. Kuulatades pimedust / Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Krister, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Scotland Yardi kriisiläbirääkijana töötanud Richard Mullenderi sõnul on nt. Colombia inimröövide puhul paarikuuline vaikus enne nõudmiste esitamist tavaline. Varasematest Liibanonis toimunud lääne kodanike röövidest

  18. some thoughts on medical training from a morbidity survey in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unfortunately in the battle against the work-load one is too busy to pro- vide a high standard of social medicine so necessary for the health of the community. All these observations point to the necessity for more general practitioners and auxiliary medical services. Medical Training for General Practice. The incentive to enter ...

  19. A logical explanation of structurally unfit X-ray diffraction peaks in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2018-02-05

    Feb 5, 2018 ... MRP scheme vide letter number 47-1089/14 (WRO). References. [1] Lines M E and Glass A M 1977 Principles and applications of ferroelectrics and related materials (Oxford: Clarendon). [2] Xu Y 1991 Ferroelectric materials and their applications. (Amsterdam: North Holland). [3] Zhong W L, Wang Y G, ...

  20. Investigation on microstructure and dielectric behaviour

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    acknowledges UGC, New Delhi, for grant of a UGC-MRP project fellowship vide F.No. 37-177/2009(SR). Thanks to. Prof. Aslam, Mr Anand Raut and Mr Shripal Singh, Depart- ment of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, for extending SEM facility. References. Abdelmonlin H M 2010 Ind. J. Pure. Appl. Phys.

  1. Fra troldmandens værksted: Historien om forskerne, der skrev den politiske instruktionsbog til atombomben

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    2011-01-01

    Fred Kaplans The Wizards of Armageddon handler om denne gruppe forskere og hvordan de lærte de amerikanske beslutningstagere om ikke ‘at elske bomben og glemme deres bekymringer', som Dr. Strangelove's filmplakat i sin tid lovede, men så dog at forstå bomben og vide hvordan man skulle bekymre sig...

  2. Molecule-based magnets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    opaque classical magnet 'cousins' listed above, possibilities of photomagnetic switching exist. Persistent efforts also continue to design the ever-elusive polymer magnets towards applications in industry. While pro- viding a brief overview of the field of molecular magnetism, this article highlights some recent developments.

  3. Boiler Control Systems Theory of Operation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    through linkage to the One Master Controller of this tipe and one power fuel and air cositrollers. This po-wer unit can- also ad. unit can control the...directly vides a quick check of systenm performance and per. indicates level. Available for use in electric or pneu . mits checking transmitting systemn

  4. Isolation and screening of microsatellite markers from the pearl ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    vide background information for its genetic improvement. Microsatellite DNA is one of ... enriched library were collected from Sanya Bay, Hainan. Province, and ... library. The second PCR screening was performed using the primer of (CA)15 probe and T vector's primers, and 357 pos- itive clones were obtained. Sequencing ...

  5. Seasonal variation in biomass and species composition of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    vides a sizable income for island communities. However, for an ordinary person these are huge piles of decaying plant material washed ashore above the high tide ..... distribution; Kongelige Danske Videndkabernes Selskab;. Biologiske Meddelelser. 11 72 pp. Chauhan V D 1965 Some observations of chemical and phys-.

  6. Colonia Dignidadi kuulsusetu lõpp / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2004-01-01

    Ligi kaheksa aastat kestnud juurdlus Colonia Dignidadi üle jõudis Tšiili kohtusaalis konkreetsete tulemusteni - 23 kohtualust mõisteti vangi koloonia juhi Paul Schäfer'i asukoha varjamise ja kohtuorganite uurimistöö takistamise eest. P. Schäferit süüdistatakse lisaks lasteahistamisele inimröövides, piinamistes ning tapmistes

  7. Skuffende forsideartikel i Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole John

    2008-01-01

    Lørdag den 31. marts 2007 skriver Jørgen Steen Nielsen en forside-artikel med overskriften 'Der er ingen CO2-grund til at spare på elektriciteten'. Det er skuffende at JSN ikke kommer lidt mere til bunds i materien. JSN burde vide og skrive, at det, der skal til , er en global enighed om hvilken ...

  8. Fun and games and boredom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serious videogames use entertainment to teach, train, or change behavior. What began in the 1970s as tentative attempts to create learning software is now a recognized videogame genre and an emerging health science. Although more research is needed, a growing body of literature suggests serious vide...

  9. Sixty-first Science Academies' Refresher Course in Experimental ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Courses of good standing for promotion of teachers, vide notification F3-1/2009 dated 30/06/2010. Applications are invited from teachers with experience in teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses in physics. The participation is limited to four southern states and preference will be given to. (nearby) colleges in ...

  10. Office complaint redressal committee | About IASc | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Office complaint redressal committee. CIRCULAR. In terms of the guidelines issued by DoPT vide its office memorandum dated 13.02.1998 an appropriate complaint mechanism should be created in every organization for redressal of the complaint in connection with sexual harassment of working women. Accordingly ...

  11. Thirty-Day Mortality After Infection Among Persons With Severe Mental Illness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribe, Anette Riisgaard; Vestergaard, Mogens; Katon, Wayne

    2015-01-01

    Personer med svære psykiatriske lidelser (skizofreni og bipolar lidelse) har sammenlignet med baggrundsbefolkningen en 15-20 år kortere forventet levetid, der hovedsageligt kan tilskrives naturlige dødfald. Det vides ikke, om dødsfald efter indlæggelse for infektion kan forklare en del af overdød...

  12. Res March 2014 Cover Tp.cdr

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    Page 1. 108 pages + c. Resonance- March 2014. John McCarthy. (1927–2011). Regn No.KRNABGE-340/2012-2014 - N ISSN 0971–8044. Licenced to Post without prepayment Nº.6 -. Posted at MBC, GPO, Bangalore secºn. 12.03.14. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  13. Commentary

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    2004-11-29

    Nov 29, 2004 ... Watson was the leader in the construction of the model, adopting a strategy previously used by Linus Pauling for the study of proteins. Given his excellent knowledge of crystallography and X-ray diffraction, Francis Crick had all the skills required to pro- vide the firm materials for the elaboration of the model ...

  14. Wash fastness improvement of malachite green-dyed cotton fabrics ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Optimized. UV-protecting coatings by the presence of titania and organic UV absorbers were achieved at a certain compo- sition. Yadav et al (2006) has shown the incorporation of zinc oxide nanoparticles on bleached cotton fabrics pro- viding UV-blocking properties. Thus, it is interesting to apply such nanosols composite ...

  15. AIM Photonics: Tomorrow’s Technology at the Speed of Light

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    The clean room used to manufacture the integrated photonic circuits that the American Institute for Manufacturing (AIM) will be pro- viding future... manufacturing technology that were identified as key hurdles to widespread adoption on integrated photonics: • Electronic and photonic design automation ...substantial financial resources to build new manufacturing research and development capabilities to support this Institute. These funds also will be used

  16. The Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) Experiment: Scientific Basis, New Analysis Tools and Some First Results (PREPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Vidal Salazar. Pilots Henry Boynton, Scotty McClain, Steve Thompson, Ed Ringleman and Lowell Genzlinger pro - vided expert operation of the GV and were...Kalman Filter: Humberto (2007). Mon. Wea. Rev, 137, 2105-2125. Zipser, E.J., C.H. Twohy, S.C. Tsay, K.L. Thornhill, S. Tanelli, R. Ross, T.N. Krishna

  17. Validation of Model-Based Prognostics for Pneumatic Valves in a Demonstration Testbed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-02

    distribution, and reproduction in any medium, pro- vided the original author and source are credited. bile robots (Tang, Hettler , Zhang, & DeCastro, 2011; Bala...in- fotech@aerospace 2007 conference and exhibit. Tang, L., Hettler , E., Zhang, B., & DeCastro, J. (2011). A testbed for real-time autonomous vehicle

  18. Page 1 RAMAN SPECTRA OF BORAX, KERNITE AND m ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    INTRODUCTION. THE Raman effect in boric acid and its derivatives and the glasses associated with them has been studied ... The Raman spectrum of borax (Na B.O. 10HO) has been observed by Nielsen (vide ... The Raman spectra were recorded with a Hilger medium quartz Spectro- graph having a dispersion of 140 cm.

  19. Change in physical and chemical characteristics related to the binomial time-temperature used in sous pasteurization see Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.C.A. Kato

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to evaluate sous vide fish and assess the influence of time and temperature on the pasteurization process through quality parameters. The raw material (tambaqui fillets and the sous vide underwent physical, physicochemical, and microbiological analyses. A sauce was prepared containing soy sauce, water, horseradish and garlic flakes. The product's pasteurization parameters of time and temperature were defined according to a 22 central composite rotatable design (CCRD, and the dependent variables were water holding capacity (WHC and instrumental texture aiming at obtaining high WHC values for the product to maintain the desired juiciness. The microbiological analysis required by legislation have indicated that the fish fillets and sous vide were within de standard. The values of total coliforms found in the samples (fillets and sous vide analyzed were below the critical level of 10² CFU/g. The counts of sulphite-reducing clostridia and psychrotrophic and mesophilic bacteria on plates in the samples were <1x10 CFU/g. In conclusion, temperature was the most important factor in the pasteurization process, significantly contributing to the quality of the final product. The mathematical models proposed were considered predictive for each response.

  20. En Praktisk Stokastisk Tilgang til Activity-Based Costing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    2005-01-01

    Økonomistyringslitteraturen forudsætter som udgangspunkt en deterministisk tilgang til alle inddata. Dette gælder også i relation til ABC. Imidlertid vides, at stort alle beslutninger indeholder en mængde usikre forhold. Men hvorfor inddrage usikkerhed i beslutninger, f.eks. ved at fitte en sands...

  1. William Donald Hamilton

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMGlKAlBGE-34OI2001. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - April 2001. William Donald Hamilton. (1936 - 2000). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  2. Quasi-Periodic Oscillations in the X-ray Light Curves of Blazars Paul ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    After decades of observations in assorted bands of the electromagnetic spectrum it is abundantly clear that such signals are quite rare, if present at all. So far there have been no observational results and associated statistical analyses that have pro- vided absolutely convincing evidence for such quasi-periodic oscillations ...

  3. Howard Martin Temin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KNBGE-340/2002. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - July 2002. Howard Martin Temin. (1934 - 1994). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  4. Optimal Infinite Runs in One-Clock Priced Timed Automata

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    David, Alexandre; Ejsing-Duun, Daniel; Fontani, Lisa

    We address the problem of finding an infinite run with the optimal cost-time ratio in a one-clock priced timed automaton and pro- vide an algorithmic solution. Through refinements of the quotient graph obtained by strong time-abstracting bisimulation partitioning, we con- struct a graph with time...

  5. Lattice vibrational properties of transition metal carbides (TiC, ZrC ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [2], Singh and Gupta [3] and research papers [4–13]. The degeneracy of the opti- cal vibration frequencies of the zone center is common to all the transition metal carbides. The experimental information about these ionic semiconductors is pro- vided from the phonon dispersion data [14–17]. A survey of the literatures on the.

  6. Government Contract Law (9th Edition)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    of Contract Appeals. maximum percentage of escala - tion stipulated in 5-5. Types of Contracts to be Awarded the Request for Sealed Bids, the bid must...laws have given to inventors and patents on "Rube Goldberg " devices that pro- authors an incentive toward the acquisition of vide action and amusement

  7. Baggrunden for informationsteknologi (ikt) og læring på Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Lone

    Med projektet VIrtuelle Læringsmiljøer og Læringsformer (VILL) under Det Digitale Nordjylland er der skabt fundament for en konsolidering og en videreudvikling af de ikt-støttede læreprocesser ved Aalborg Universitet både forskningsmæssigt og uddannelsesmæssigt. Det er denne konsolidering og vide...

  8. G N Ramachandran

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG1fWBGE·340/2001. Lioence.d to post WPP(E) NO.6. Resonance - October 2001. G N Ramachandran. (1922 - 2001). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273196. ISSN 0971·8044.

  9. The International Symposium on Applied Military Psychology (20th) Held on 25-29 June 1984 in Brussels, Belgium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-07

    of Esperanto , mixing French, German, and 0 Italian, during flight operations. Turkey reported studies of adjustment by new soldiers from rural versus...the air of the rural recruit ultimately pro- force, which numbers 250 jets, pilots vides, after this adjustment, a model speak a kind of Esperanto

  10. Estimating the Benefits of the Air Force Purchasing and Supply Chain Management Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    sector, known as strategic sourcing.6 The Customer Relationship Management initiative ( CRM ) pro- vides a single customer point of contact for all... Customer Relationship Management initiative. commodity council A term used to describe a cross-functional sourc- ing group charged with formulating a...initiative has four major components, all based on commercial best practices (Gabreski, 2004): commodity councils customer relationship management

  11. August 2003 Registered with Registrc:tr of Newspapers in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KAlBGE-340/2003-05. Licenced to post WPP(E) NO.6. Resonance - August 2003. YJa~~. (1902 - 1984). Registered with Registrc:tr of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  12. Wernel· Heisenberg

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KAlBGE-340/2003-05. Licenced to post WPP No.6. Resonance - August 2004. Wernel· Heisenberg. (1901 - 1976). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  13. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user

    Page 1. Resonance – May. Rangaswamy Narasimhan. (1926 – 2007). Regn No. CPMGKAVBGE-340/2006-08 WPP No.6 |SSN 0971–8044. Posted at PSO, Mysore Road, Bangalore 12.5.08. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 6627396.

  14. Henrietta Swan Leavitt

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KNBGE-340/2001. Licenced to post WPP(E) NO.6. Resonance - June 2001. Henrietta Swan Leavitt. (1868 - 1921). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  15. Ludluig Eduard Boltzmann

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMGlKAlBGE-340/2001. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - September 2001. Ludluig Eduard Boltzmann. (1844 - 19(6). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273196. ISSN 0971-8044.

  16. Click here to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp.603–700 + 4 pages (98 pages). Resonance – July 2011. Hermann Emil Fischer. (1852–1919). Regn No. KRNA/BGE-340/2009-11 ISSN 0971–8044. Licenced to Post without prepayment No. 6. Posted at MBC, GPO, Bangalore 560 001, 12.07.11. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No.

  17. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. Sir Fred Hoyle. (1915–2001). Regn No. KRNABGE-340/2009-11 WPP No.6 ISSN 0971-8044. Posted at MBC, GPO, Bangalore 560 001, 12.10.10 a. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  18. Manali Kallat Vainu Bappu

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KAlBGE-340/2002. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - August 2002. Manali Kallat Vainu Bappu. (1927 - 1982). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  19. Res Cover Sep 07

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    THOLASI

    Page 1. : Resonance – September 2007. Oswald TAvery. (1877 – 1955). Regn No. CPMG/KAVBGE-340/2006-08 WPP No.6. Posted at RT Nagar Head Post Office, Bangalore 12.09.07. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  20. Sir M Visvesvaraya

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KA/BGE-340/2002. Licenced to post WPP(E) NO.6. Resonance - May 2002. Sir M Visvesvaraya. (1860 - 1961). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  1. Res Oct 2014 Cover Tp 01.10.14.cdr

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    340/2012-2014 *. Licenced to Pöst without prepayment No.6. Posted at MBC, GPO, Bangalore 560 001, 12.10.14 º º. Regists red with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. Bears. º. º º º º.

  2. Res Oct 2015 Cover Tp New

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    System5

    Regn No.KRNA/BGE-340/2015-2017 |SSN 0971–8044. Licenced to Post without prepayment No.6. Posted at Bengaluru PSO, Mysore Road, Bengaluru 560026, 12.10.15. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  3. Res Oct 2013 Cover Tp.cdr

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    τ] □ - • . • T. -• - -.. * . . . -_ S • T • •. Regn-No.KRNATBGE-340/2012-2014. . . . . *. • . - -. 8044. Licenced to Post without prepayment No.6 . .: L- ' ° . • '. Posted at MBC, GBO.Bangëlore 560 001, 12.10.13 -. Registered with Registrarof Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. - i. - - . . . L.

  4. Res Cover Oct 07

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    12. /. 10. Regn No. CPMG/KA/BGE-340/2006-08 WPP No.6. Posted at PSO, Mysore Road, Bangalore 560026 12.10.07. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. 12045. ISSN. 0971-8044. Victor Franz Hess. (1883 – 1964)

  5. Zooplankton Avoidance of a Profiled Open-Path Fluorometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    studies have demonstrated that dinoflagellate bioluminescence plays a role in trophic dynamics by pro- viding predators (i.e. fishes and cephalopods ...Limnol. Oceanogr., 32, 978–983. Fleisher, K. and Case, J. (1995) Cephalopod predation facilitated by dinoflagellate luminescence. Biol. Bull., 189, 263

  6. Classroom

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Proceeding in this manner, the whole triangle can be exhausted. Thus, by the theorem that we just proved, m" m, + 2 must be primes. Conversely, if m" tn, + 2 are primes, then m,(m, + 2) di- vides the top row from which once again it is clear that it divides each term of this triangle. In particular, it divides the left corner terms.

  7. Hormonal influence on the in vitro bud burst of some cassava ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KGILLES

    2013-03-27

    Mar 27, 2013 ... Full Length Research Paper. Hormonal influence on the in vitro bud burst of some ... export culture after cotton, coffee, palm tree which pro- vides substantial incomes to producers. Cassava holds a .... The explants were washed under tap water for 10 min. Ten node cuttings from young stems of each of the ...

  8. poRMULATIONS OF ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE IN

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BACKGROUND: Medical profession has realized the problem of vide variations in the therapeutic effectiveness of various brands of oral formulations containing the same active ingredient in equal amounts. A large number of preparations of isosorbide dinitrate are commercially available on the Indian Market.

  9. H.W. Mwangi',,ii PKG. Waterman and E. 'WoilenweberC

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Polygonum senegolense Meisn. is a perennial aquatic weed found in some highland regions of East ... aglycones which are biologically active (vide infra). ... The petroleum ether extract was tested for anti—feedant effect using the .... they have been determined. ... TLC analysis of extract through use of an authentic marker.

  10. Lexikografie, ihre Basis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    application possibilities for the "scenes-and-frames" theory (Bublitz and Bedna- .... Because frames can be linked, it becomes possible for a word (in this case, the word blunt used as illustration by them) to appear not only as an alphabetically ... vide illustrations such as video clips and animations to help foreign language.

  11. RES COVER FEB 08

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    THOLASI

    Page 1. Resonance – February 2008. Max Planck. (1858 – 1947). Regn No. CPMG/KAVBGE-340/2006-08 WPP No.6 |SSN 0971–8044. Posted at PSO, Mysore Road, Bangalore 560 026, 12.02.08. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96.

  12. Computer-Aided Structural Engineering (CASE) Project. User’s Guide: Computer Program to Calculate Shear, Moment, and Thrust (CSMT) from Stress Results of a Two-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    CAD) Group, ADP Center; and Mr. Kenneth W. Trahan, sumnmer student with the RADS Group. Initial guild line for input data was pro- vided by Mr. H...STRESS SHEARIuG SRESS S(X. VI) ) (95.-I;;. (X.,V2 Y * (ge ,r ) NEUTRAL AXI S (90 . SHEAR • -9996. Mt ENT * -. 9633ES THRUST -0 SECTION NO. 1 Figure 15

  13. Improved Blackbody Simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-01

    bonded to tiE: core with Aquadag (colloidal graphite in water) and Aerodag (an aerosol of micron-sized graphite in isopropyl alcohol). Aquadag and... Aerodag are avail- able from Acheson Colloids Company, Port Huron, Michigan. The coating pro- vides a diffuse surface and increases the effective wall

  14. Elements of Success: How Type of Secondary Education Credential Helps Predict Enlistee Attrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Forces Qualification Test from the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, physical and moral standards, and educational credentials. Historically... Mariano pro- vided feedback on early analysis work. We also are grateful for the efforts of our internal and external reviewers, Jennifer Lamping

  15. Kaali film esilinastub sõbrapäeval

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    14. veebruaril esilinastub kinos "Sõprus" populaarteaduslik film Kaali meteoriidiplahvatusest "Kaali saladus" : stsenarist ja režissöör Urmas E. Liiv : operaator Ago Ruus : produtsendid Riho Västrik ja Uldis Cekulis (Läti) : OÜ Vesilind (Eesti) - Vides Filmu Studija (Läti)

  16. Muuseumi ja raamatukogu võistlus Tartus / Villem Tomiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomiste, Villem, 1975-

    2012-01-01

    Tartu Kunstimuuseumi ja Tartu Oskar Lutsu nimelise Linnaraamatukogu ühishoone arhitektuurivõistlusest, võidutööst "Palimtsest" (QP Arhitektid: Elo Kiivet, Koit Ojaliiv, Mari Rass, Tõnu Laigu, Holden Vides, Asko Uukado), ergutuspreemia saanud tööst "Unifying Plaza" (Projekt Kuubis OÜ)

  17. 1610: The Year that Improved our 'Vision'

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    GENERAL │ ARTICLE. 1610: The Year that Improved our 'Vision'. H R Madhusudan. The telescopic observations by Galileo Galilei in 1610 pro- vided compelling evidence of a heliocentric system of the universe, as forwarded by Nicholas Copernicus in the earlier century. Firstly, Galileo established that the Earth was not ...

  18. A novel wound dressing material — fibrin–chitosan–sodium alginate ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ings are used as dressing materials for bleeding wounds as they exhibit hemostatic properties (Amy et al 2009). The gel forming property of alginate helps in removing the dress- ing without much trauma and reduces the pain experienced by the patient during the change of dressing. It also pro- vides a moist environment ...

  19. Abdominal cavity balloon for preventing a patient's bleeding

    OpenAIRE

    Naber, E.E.H.; Rutten, H.J.T.; Jakimowicz, J.J.; Goossens, R.H.M.; Moes, C.C.M.; Buzink, S.N.

    2007-01-01

    The invention relates to an abdominal cavity balloon for preventing a haemorrhage in a patient's pelvic region, comprising an inflatable balloon, wherein the balloon is pro vided with a smooth surface and with a strip that is flex- urally stiff and formed to follow the balloon's shape for po sitioning the balloon.

  20. Isospectrality of conventional and new extended potentials, second ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta,. 92 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road, ... 3Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700 035,. India. *Corresponding author ..... viding us with a constructive method for determining the latter, gives us a clue to calculate its polynomial ...

  1. African Journal of Neurological Sciences - 2009 Vol. 28 No 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It management is based on total surgical removal and a long time clinical follow up, ... hétérogène avec des zones vides de signal en rapport avec des vaisseaux ... La tumeur fibreuse solitaire est le nom donné à la rare tumeur constituée de ...

  2. Two-pion production in photon-induced reactions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This prospect has caused great interest in the properties of light mesons in a dense and hot environment [2–5]. Various theoretical predictions indicate that the observation of an in-medium modification of the vector meson masses can pro- vide a unique measure for the degree of chiral symmetry breaking in the strongly.

  3. CARACTERIZACION GENETICA DE LAS VARIEDADES TINTAS DE VID DE VINIFICACION CULTIVADAS TRADICIONALMENTE EN AMERICA: ORIGEN Y DIVERSIDAD INTRAVARIETAL.

    OpenAIRE

    MILLA TAPIA, ALEJANDRA PAOLA

    2002-01-01

    En el presente estudio se ha analizado la identidad y diversidad genética de un conjunto de 90 vides antiguas de vinificación, procedentes de cinco países Americanos, empleando dos herramientas moleculares: microsatelites nucleares y AFLPs. Los resultados 127p.

  4. IDRC in Bangladesh

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    out the year by producing food rather than tobacco. Better poverty monitoring. Government strategies to ... viding farmers with technical assistance and training in food production and piloting a farmer-run seed supply ... Conservation of Nature, Switzerland and. International Centre for Integrated. Mountain Development ...

  5. On Artamia bernieri

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schlegel, H.

    1879-01-01

    My readers will remember that this species was originally based on a single specimen, introduced into science by Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire, under the name of Oriolia Bernieri (Vide: Acad. des sciences, Avril 2, 1838; Revue zoologique, vol. 1, p. 50; Guérin, Magazin de Zoologie , 1839, Oiseaux,

  6. ;. (!J.

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. Resonance - February 2006. " ~ . . " .-. ;. (!J. f l .' David A Huffman. (1925 - 1999). Regn No. CPMG/KNBGE-340/2006-08 WPP NO.6. Posted at RT Nagar Head Post Office, Bangalore 12.02.06. Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. . . ISSN 0971-8044. Price: Rs.40.

  7. Rosalind Franklin

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Page 1. CPMG/KAlBGE-340/2003-05. Licenced to post WPP(E) No.6. Resonance - March 2004. Rosalind Franklin. (1920 - 1958). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044.

  8. village dans la zone cacaoyère du Cameroun

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'oblige à créer des initiatives économiques plus prometteuses. I. PROBLEMATIQUE DU RETOUR D'UN ... Comment s'y maintenir? Quelle activité adopter pour combler le vide par ..... l' Au Carrieroun, le Programme National de Vulgarisation et de Formation Agricole (PNVFA) est né des cendres de la SODECACZC} rlepuis ...

  9. Étude de quelques Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyta) nouveaux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La presente etude taxinomique, effectuee au microscope photonique, porte sur des prelevements effectues au filet a plancton de 20 µm de vide de maille dans les rivieres Agneby et Bia, dans le Sud de la Cote dfIvoire. Elle fait suite aux cinquante-huit taxons du meme genre Trachelomonas Ehr. (Euglenophyta) deja decrits ...

  10. A comparison of risky sexual behaviours between circumcised and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cite as: Balekang GB, Dintwa KF. A comparison of risky sexual behaviours between circumcised and ... Another study5 reports that male circumcision pro- vides some level of protection against acquiring HIV, .... The SPSS-PC logistic programme was used to estimate regression coefficients by the maximum likelihood pro-.

  11. Page 1 Synthesis of triazine - 291 following the method of Moreau ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Reaction of 2 and 4 with cellulose powder was studied under different condi- tions (vide tables 1 and 2 respectively). p-Toluene sulphonic acid as catalyst and trimethylether of hexamethylol melamine (TMM) as fixer were used in the present investigation to give the better add-on of P and N, the fire-retardant elements.

  12. Removal and transformation of hexavalent chromium in sequencing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-04-07

    Apr 7, 2011 ... vided during the FILL period by using an ejector. During each cycle, 7 ℓ of influent and treated effluent were introduced and drawn, respectively. The sludge age was controlled at around 10 days. The base mix for the reactor was of the following composi- tion (concentration in mg/ℓ): bactopeptone (188), ...

  13. Florence Jessie Mac Williams

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CPMGIKAlBGE-340/2003-05. Resonance - January 2005. Licenced to post WPP No.6 RT Nagar Postoffice. Florence Jessie Mac Williams. (1917 - 1990). Registered with Registrar of Newspapers in India vide Regn. No. 66273/96. ISSN 0971-8044. Price per copy: Rs 40.

  14. Effect of force and location of bottleneck for particle moving through ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anirban Sharma

    this work, we examine this issue of force cancellation inside a microporous material exploring the diffusion path and cross-checking bottleneck associated ... viding accurate and specific separation of gases.1,2 They are widely used to separate ... ery to the cancer cells.9,10 Self-diffusion of the drug inside host zeolite is an ...

  15. Meta perspektiv på inkluderende undervisningsmetoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ulla Højmark

    I dette kapitel sættes temaet ’inkluderende undervisningsmetoder’ ind i en samfundsmæssig kontekst og dernæst skitseres en model, der kan bidrage til at give et overblik over og indblik i de forskellige retninger, som inkluderende undervisningsmetoder kan antage. Dette ud fra et hermeneutisk vide...

  16. PNPI in CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    PNPI is participating in the construction of the End-cap Muon system (EMU) of the CMS detector. The EMU detector uses cathode strip chambers, which pro- vide precise spatial and timing information on the muon trajectories in the pres- ence of high magnetic field and high particle rates.

  17. THE ELIMINATION OF FOREIGN PARTICLES INJECTED INTO THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in the tissues and body fluids (vide Baxter 1960). MATERIAL AND METHODS. Individuals of C. stephensoni, varying between 10·0 and 13·5 cm in length when fully extended and between 9· 5 and 14·7 gm in weight, were obtained from rock pools and gullies along the False Bay coast of the Cape Peninsula. They were kept ...

  18. Holocene climate dynamics and construction of the pesqueiras in the NW Iberian Lower Miño River: an OSL approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Viveen, W.; Sanjurjo-Sanchez, J.; Schoorl, J.M.; Veldkamp, A.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract In the Lower Miño River basin a 15-m thick sandy fluvial sequence is found at the town of Chan de Vide, some 55 km upstream from the Atlantic Ocean. The deposit is exceptional because it is the only known sandy deposit in the upstream reaches of the Lower Miño area, which is dominated by

  19. Abdominal cavity balloon for preventing a patient's bleeding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Naber, E.E.H.; Rutten, H.J.T.; Jakimowicz, J.J.; Goossens, R.H.M.; Moes, C.C.M.; Buzink, S.N.

    2007-01-01

    The invention relates to an abdominal cavity balloon for preventing a haemorrhage in a patient's pelvic region, comprising an inflatable balloon, wherein the balloon is pro vided with a smooth surface and with a strip that is flex- urally stiff and formed to follow the balloon's shape for po

  20. The Internet of Things : The Next Big Thing for New Product Development?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliana, Rubina; Constantinides, Efthymios; de Vries, Sjoerd A.

    2018-01-01

    More and more physical products are equipped with sensors or RFID that connect them to the Internet; the network of these 'smart products' is known as the Internet of Things. Connected products generate large amounts of data (smart product data) that can pro-vide insights in the product’s

  1. A random matrix analysis

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    chaos to galaxies. We demonstrate the applicability of random matrix theory for networks by pro- viding a new dimension to complex systems research. We show that in spite of huge differences ... as mentioned earlier, different types of networks can be constructed based on the nature of connections. For example,.

  2. BENTONITE PROCESSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamarija Kutlić

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Bentonite has vide variety of uses. Special use of bentonite, where its absorbing properties are employed to provide water-tight sealing is for an underground repository in granites In this paper, bentonite processing and beneficiation are described.

  3. South African Artillery in the Eighties

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Once the need for more modern artillery had been identified, ARMSCOR was faced with the problem of where and how to obtain the necess- ary technology. The answer came in .... A gun on a tracked chasis would obviously pro- vide major problems ... adequate space for comfortable operating con- ditions. Known as the ...

  4. THE ENVIRONMENTAL ELECTIVE: TEACHING EXPERIENCE OUT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TEACHING EXPERIENCE OUT ·OIF·DOORS. Singleton Nightingale .... deep conflict". (Ward & Dubos 1g72). Consequently one of "the most critical problems facing humanity today is an ecological one of relating human societ- ies harmoniously to their ... teachers and parents are searching and that they pro- vide important ...

  5. Case study: lessons from a laryngeal abscess

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pathology is explored, as well as the diagnostic error that could have resulted in serious complications. Keywords: asthma, error, laryngeal .... The difference between visualising an oedematous larynx due to an abscess versus ... prone to error, and then pro- viding guidance on how to build strategies to avoid mistakes,.

  6. Wall Interference in Wind Tunnels

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    incertitude que l’on peut ^valuer ä partir de la formule (2). Pour une veine vide,la difference des vitesses entre plancher et plafond, supposed constante...correction de trainee. II demeure aux nombrea de Mach hieve’s des incertitudes sur la possibility d*appliquer, en presence d’effets non linöaires

  7. Mizan 3.1 (b) Text, corrected

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    The theoretical background to Hart's concept of law. Hart presents his approach to law as an alternative to previous attempts made to explain the nature of law. He rejected the imperative positivism as devel- oped by Austin, Kelsen and even Bentham arguing that these theories pro- vided a narrow and inadequate definition ...

  8. Strategic Studies Quarterly. Volume 8, Number 4. Winter 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    toward China fail? Motivated reasoning pro- vides some compelling answers. Truman’s and Acheson’s messages con- tradicted the Chinese leadership’s...United States sends signals that con- tradict Chinese leaders’ preconceptions, then consistency, clarity, and strength are critical. China will act

  9. Residency training in the United States: What foreign

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    world; and the recently created Clinical Skills Assessment (CSA), ... on an assigned topic during 30 minutes tests the writing skill in ... diplomatic manner. Another reason for the interview is to pro- vide sufficient interaction between both parties in order to de- termine whether they would be suitable match for each other.

  10. Journal of the Ghana Science Association: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pages must be numbered, beginning from the Title Page. Unless otherwise stated, the first named author of a joint publication will be taken as the corresponding author. Please pro-vide phone and fax numbers and, e-mail, if available. Manuscripts should be sent to The Editor, Journal of Ghana Science Association, P.O. ...

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    - vide protection to more than 95% of the women who are at high risk of the viral infection. The two scientists who shared the award for discovering HIV are Françoise Barré-Sinoussi from the. Pasteur Institute of France and Luc Montagnier from ...

  12. Calculation of multigroup reaction rates for the Ghana Research ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Calculation of multigroup reaction rates for the Ghana Research Reactor -1 fuel lattice cell using the WINSD/4 Transport lattice codes. ... The discrete ordinate spatial model, which pro-vides solution to the differential form of the transport equation by the Carlson-SN (N=4) approach was adopted to solve the ...

  13. CMG-Biotools, a Free Workbench for Basic Comparative Microbial Genomics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vesth, Tammi Camilla; Lagesen, Karin; Acar, Öncel

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows the strength and diverse use of the CMG-biotools system. The system can be installed on a vide range of host operating systems and utilizes as much of the host computer as desired. It allows the user to compare multiple genomes, from various sources using standardized data formats...

  14. dispersion equation of the pollutant concentration

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to predict water quality and to provide reliable tools for water quality management in affected areas. The particular river whose water quality was the motivation for this study is the Tha Chin ... vided analytical solutions for a physical system with zero initial concentration in a semi-infinite domain. The explicit finite difference ...

  15. Prevalence and factors associated with hepatitis C virus seropositivity in female individuals in Islamabad, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjum Hashmi

    2010-01-01

    Conclusions: The study highlights the poor quality of care pro-vided and a massive need to educate general population including patients as well as health professionals and allied health workers for controlling, combating and preventing the wild epidemic of HCV.

  16. En gave til skolernes litteraturundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Stein

    2015-01-01

    Mens Caspar Erics debutdigtsamling, " 7/ 11", fra sidste år var præget af en stil, hvor der i en hæsblæsende strøm blev refereret til Facebook, You-Tube, iPhone, mp3, Macbook, Twitter og Netflix, frem for at man fik noget at vide om, hvad der rørte sig i ... ......Mens Caspar Erics debutdigtsamling, " 7/ 11", fra sidste år var præget af en stil, hvor der i en hæsblæsende strøm blev refereret til Facebook, You-Tube, iPhone, mp3, Macbook, Twitter og Netflix, frem for at man fik noget at vide om, hvad der rørte sig i ... ...

  17. Kultur-sociale projekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Britt; Bengtsson, Steen

    Siden man begyndte at aktivere kontanthjælpsmodtagerne, har der været diskussion, om det nu også var rimeligt. Spørger man de mennesker, det handler om, får man oftest at vide, at de foretrækker aktivering frem for blot at gå hjemme på kontanthjælp. Rigtigt arbejde er det dog ikke, og motivations......Siden man begyndte at aktivere kontanthjælpsmodtagerne, har der været diskussion, om det nu også var rimeligt. Spørger man de mennesker, det handler om, får man oftest at vide, at de foretrækker aktivering frem for blot at gå hjemme på kontanthjælp. Rigtigt arbejde er det dog ikke, og...

  18. A remark on the stability and boundedness criteria in retarded Volterra integro-differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Tunç

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the authors obtain some clear assumptions for the asymptotic stability (AS and boundedness (B of solutions of non-linear retarded Volterra integro-differential equations (VIDEs of first order by constructing a new Lyapunov functional (LF. The results obtained are new and differ from those found in the literature, and they also contain and improve a result found in the literature under more less restrictive conditions. We establish an example and give a discussion to indicate the applicability of the weaker conditions obtained. We also employ MATLAB-Simulink to display the behaviors of the orbits of the (VIDEs considered. Keywords: Nonlinear, Volterra integro-differential equations, First order, Asymptotic stability, Boundedness, Lyapunov functional, MSC: 34D05, 34K20, 45J05

  19. Low-temperature cooking of beef

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Louise Mørch

    . The third group showed a different behaviour; in this group time and temperature worked in different directions. Thus, the results showed three dominant behaviours in sensory properties. Two sensory properties, tenderness and juiciness, are very important in cooked meat according to both consumers and chefs......-time sous-vide-cooking of meat. This method is increasingly used, especially in high-end restaurants, where it receives much praise from leading chefs worldwide. Sous-vide-cooking uses vacuum-packaging of the meat and preparation in thermostated water-baths at temperatures between 54°C and 65°C for periods......-temperature long-time heat treatment of meat from a gastronomic viewpoint. The effect of cooking time and cooking temperature on the sensory properties of beef eye of round (semitendinosus) was investigated by a sensory descriptive study. The results showed that both cooking time (3, 6, 9, and 12 hours...

  20. Diversity of Phytoplankton of a sub-tropical reservoir of Mizoram, northeast India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhushan Kumar Sharma

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Phytoplankton of Khawiva reservoir of Mizoram, northeast India (NEI revealed a total of 55 species; nearly concurrent mean monthly richness and high community similarities (vide Sørensen index during two years affirmed homogeneity in its species composition. Phytoplankton comprised dominant component (61.1±14.3% of net plankton and recorded wider density variations. Chlorophyta influenced phytoplankton abundance with quantitative importance of Staurastrum spp. >Xanthidium spp. >Cosmarium spp. in particular. Bacillariophyta formed subdominant group; Cryptophyta and Cyanophyta showed limited importance; and Euglenophyta and Dinophyta recorded poor densities. Phytoplankton is characterized by moderate species diversity, high evenness and low dominance but with wide variations. Richness, abundance and species diversity followed no definite patterns of monthly variations during two years. Insignificant influence of individual abiotic factors on phytoplankton assemblages coupled with low cumulative influence of fifteen abiotic parameters (vide CCA yielded little insight on overall role of abiotic parameters.

  1. OSA Proceedings on Picosecond Electronics and Optoelectronics. Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Diamond ................ 170 Don Kania, Otto L. Landen, Lawrence Pan, Piero Pianetta, and K V. Ravi- ,. Part 6 Optical Switches, Detectors, and...pro- of the fitted parameters are listed in vided by Prof. Sergio Cova from the Poly- Table lB. Figure 3A shows the instrumental technical University of...Livennore, California 94550 Lawrence Pan and Piero Pianetta Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford University, Bin 99, P.O. Box 4349

  2. Freeze-Dehydration by Microwave Energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-01

    contains all possible forms of heat exchanges between the sample and the surrounding vacuum at TR (20°C here) . Similarly, the initial temperature...Voskoboinikov, V.A . , and Krautchechvili, B.I. , "Transfert de Chaleur et de Masse dans les Materiaux Poreux Pendant la Lyophilisation sous vide," in...20301 3 - Office of the Coordinator of Research University of Rhode Island Kingston, Rhode Island 02881 3 - Exchange & Gift Division Library of

  3. Creating Centralized Reporting for Microsoft Host Protection Technologies:The Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-11

    copyright and “No Warranty” statements are included with all reproductions and derivative works. External use:* This material may be reproduced in its...endpoints from compromise. Microsoft offers a tool to assist in this area and is pro- vided at no cost. The Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET...AppLocker can still be exploited. EMET provides an additional layer of protection by restricting techniques commonly used by malicious actors. EMET can help

  4. Threat Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) Symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-22

    Inc. Air New Zeland Pan Am .MINC Delta Ozark Boeing Coimnercial Airplane Co. Frontier Air France Lockheed Calif. Co. Swiss Air Southwest RCA...and 21 airlines. This report contains the news release announcing the new approach to pro- viding protection against mid-air collisions, 10...would cost between $45,000 and $50,000. This new concept represents a new capability which draws on all FAA has learned about collision avoidance in its

  5. Silver nanoparticles – applications and the impact on health and the environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henryka Langauer-Lewowicka

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents information on the growing application and possible impacts of nanosilverparticles on human health and environment. Silver nanoparticles are the most frequent commercialized nanomaterial. They are used in a number of strategic areas including energy, electronics, medicine and biotechnology. Currently little is known about the toxicity of silver nanoparticles or about the mechanism of adverse effect. The potential risk associated with the application of engineered silver nanoparticles have been videly delated in recent years.

  6. Naval War College Review. Volume 62, Number 1, Winter 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    United States put itself at a strategic or economic disadvantage by focusing on the “internal affairs” of a nation. Emphasis on good governance in the...vide short-term tactical advantages but will inevitably create strategic setbacks. The recent unrest in Kenya, a close and traditional U.S. partner in... Globalisation of Security or the Mili- tarisation of Globalisation ? Brenthurst Discussion Paper 4/2007 (Johannesburg: Brenthurst Foundation, 2007), p. 5

  7. Hvornår afviger lejen »væsentligt« fra det lejedes værdi (eller markedslejen)? - en kommentar til U 2011.1639 H og T:BB 2014.457 V

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul-Sandberg, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    »væsentligt« er, herunder hvordan præmisserne kan fortolkes i relation til lejefastsættelsen i beboelseslejemål. T:BB 2014.457 V inddrages i analysen, idet det så vidt vides er den første landsretsdom, som har anvendt Højesterets præmisser som grundlag for vurderingen af væsentlighedskravet i en sag om lejens...

  8. Genetic diversity among old Portuguese bread wheat cultivars and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    vided by the Instituto Nacional de Investigaç˜ao Agrária e das Pescas ... was digested with 10 units of each restriction enzyme (AluI,. HpaII, RsaI and ... All enzymes, except for RsaI, revealed variation in the ITS region (figure 1). Each enzyme pro- duced three ITS PCR-RFLP patterns among the 48 cultivars. (table 1), with ...

  9. Inhibition of Orthopaedic Implant Infections by Immunomodulatory Effects of Host Defense Peptides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    pilot holes in the middiaphysis of the femur [4, 5] of 6- to 8-week-old female C57BL/6 J or mac- rophage Fas-induced apoptosis ( MAFIA )mice.Macrophage...recruitment was measured in the MAFIA mice, in which the monocyte/macrophage-specific colony-stimulating factor receptor promoter drives both expression...and mouse surgery; Steve H. Marshall for advice on microbiology methods; Eric Pearlman for pro- viding the MAFIA transgenic mice; Mark D. Schluchter

  10. Dermoskopija u prevenciji melanoma

    OpenAIRE

    Paštar, Zrinjka; Lipozenčić, Jasna

    2007-01-01

    Dermoskopija je neinvazivna dijagnostička metoda u dermatovenerologiji koja podrazumijeva pregled promjene “hand-held” dermoskopom, stereomikroskopom, kamerom ili digitalnim imaging sistemom. Dermoskopijom se analiziraju specifi čne morfološke strukture koje se ne vide kliničkim pregledom te stoga dermoskopija povezuje klinički pregled i dermatopatologiju. Glavna je funkcija dermoskopije diferencijacija pigmentnih promjena na melanocitne i nemelanocitne promjene te difere...

  11. Forskellige familieformers og traditioners betydning for normer, værdier og handlemuligheder i en mangfoldig kultur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Karen Margrethe

    2015-01-01

    Kapitlet indgår i antologien 'Lige muligheder - om pædagogens arbejde med køn, seksualitet og mangfoldighed' redigeret af Margrethe Hjerrild. Kapitlet beskriver, hvordan familiestruktur og familiepraksis på forskellige måder spiller en rolle for børns udvikling og trivsel. Kapitlet formidler vide...... fra 'Frihed, Lighed og Fællesskab i Teenage-familien' (phd-afhandling) og 'Børn og unge i Danmark 2014' (Ottosen m.fl., 2014)....

  12. Echographie devant une metrorragie du premier trimestre de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous rapportons un cas de grossesse dans un utérus bicorne, avec un épisode de saignement vaginal durant le premier trimestre. L'échographie a été capable de trouver un épaississement de l'endomètre de la corne utérine vide qui pourrait expliquer cette métrorragie. Mots clés : Utérus bicorne, métrorragie, premier ...

  13. Helmets: Metallurgical and Ballistic Investigation of Fifty Captured German Helmets

    Science.gov (United States)

    1944-06-28

    crown. Two inch long strips were cut from the sides and crown of four additional helmets and hardness readings were taken. on thmo to check the vide...the austenitizing temperature for a sufficient length of time to completely harden upon quenching. In addition , t slight variations in furnace...Date of Manifacture of No. of Headbands Headbands Metal Used for Headbands 1937 1 aluminum 1939 2 aluminum 19 9 3 aluminum 194 3 aluminum 19)40 19 steel

  14. ETL History Update, 1968-1978

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-02-01

    Projection Disjointed Line SegmentsMA (41 Marginal Data Missing Data/Features Stil UP111J 0 Control Tape Errors An overall concept for the automated...Rockwell International), was known by its accronym -- GIANT time frame ." To aatisfy the first objective, researchers were ’Operations Research in Support of...pr3viding GENERAL PURPOSE TOPOGRAPHIC PRODUCTS topographic (mapping and surveying) support in the 1:25,000 Class B 1970-1985 time frame . A parallel or

  15. Logistics Support for U.S. Perimeter and Portal Monitoring Sites in the Soviet Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    to import from the West almost all of what they consume since the Soviet economy cannot reliably provide even the most common comestibles at levels of...toilet paper to light bulbs, electrical wiring, conduit and other common comestibles . The nd result of all of this is that OSIA leaders must carefully...t th-v’. consunie since the SOviet economy cannot reliably pro.-vide even the-: jt f115W comestibles at levels of quality taken for grranted in

  16. Searches for SUSY signals at ATLAS

    CERN Document Server

    Meloni, Federico; The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The High Luminosity-Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) is expected to start in 2026 and to pro- vide an integrated luminosity of 3000 fb−1 in ten years, a factor 10 more than what will be collected by 2023. This high statistics will allow ATLAS to improve searches for new physics at the TeV scale. The search prospects for Supersymmetry are presented, with a programme spanning from strong to electroweak production of sparticles.

  17. Kan hvirvelløse forsøgsdyr være bedre end pattedyr?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen

    2014-01-01

    Umiddelbart skulle man tro, at forsøgsdyr tæt beslægtet med mennesket altid er de bedste at lave forsøg på, når man vil vide noget om menneskets fysiologi og sygdomme. Og der er da også historiske eksempler på, at det var nødvendigt at benytte chimpanser, som er den primat, vi er tættest beslægte......, kaldet apoptose....

  18. The Russian Military Today and Tomorrow: Essays in Memory of Mary Fitzgerald

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    written extensively on the problem of language , semiotics , and history. Addressing intelligence from a semiotic perspective, Lotman reduces it to...basis of Russia’s economic potential to language indicating that the economy had to pro- vide for the armed forces’ development at any price, i.e...the Russian Troops,” May 19, 2009, available from www.utro.ru, (Russian language website); also in WNC, May 19, 2009. 3. “Russian Army Changing

  19. AGARD/SMP Review Damage Tolerance for Engine Structures. 2. Defects and Quantitative Materials Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-01

    tenacite dans la zone la plus massive : le moyeu. Structure metallurgique : le precede de fonderie cire perdue conventionnel conduit a une...monobloc de fonderie . Leur nombre est tres faible, (5 defauts pour 1000 pieces). . Leurs natures et leurs positions sont connues. . Le materiau des...metallurgie des poudres, fonderie sous vide) medtent d’etre etudiees. Par necessite, de telles classifications existent mais sont le fruit

  20. Flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knoop, Hans Henrik

    2006-01-01

    FLOW. Orden i hovedet på den fede måde Oplevelsesmæssigt er flow-tilstanden kendetegnet ved at man er fuldstændig involveret, fokuseret og koncentreret; at man oplever stor indre klarhed ved at vide hvad der skal gøres, og i hvilket omfang det lykkes; at man ved at det er muligt at løse opgaven...

  1. Learning Data Driven Representations from Large Collections of Multidimensional Patterns with Minimal Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-04

    wing, for having faith in my ability, for his generous support, and for pro - viding unmatched intellectual freedom to try new things out. His erudition...Christopher Geyer, Ruth Gjerde, Humberto Gonzalez, Maria Jauregui, Rajasekhar and Padma Kamada, Edgar Loba- ton, Yi Ma, Carmel Majidi, Marci Meingast...transform invariant clustering by including clutter and transformation as unobserved, latent variables in a mixture model. Using this pro - cedure, they

  2. The CI-Flow Project: A System for Total Water Level Prediction from the Summit to the Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    HEATHER MOSER, AMI ARTHUR, CARRIE LANGSTON, RANDALL KOLAR, YANG HONG, KENDRA DRESBACK, EVAN TROMBLE, HUMBERTO VERGARA, RICHARD A LUETTICH JR., BRIAN...technically capable of producing simulations for any given location, thus enabling the system to pro - vide routine water quantity information from the...erations within the next few years. These programs create a federal backbone of NOAA-supported pro - grams that, for the most part, are available nationally

  3. Proceedings of the SERDP Coral Reef Monitoring and Assessment Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Mr. Humberto Guarin School of Marine and Atmospheric Virginia Key , FL 305-361-4716 hguarin@rsmas.miami.edu Marine Operations Rosenstiel...the number of markers needed to mark multiple colonies, quadrats, or transects at a given site can be quite large. Video mosaics pro - vide an...visually by divers with estimates pro - duced by a stereo-video system. Fisheries Bulletin, 99, 63– 71. Hodgson, G. (1999). A global assessment of human

  4. Metadata for the description of broadcast assets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Efthimiadis, Efthimis N.; Mai, Jens Erik; Burrows, Paul E.

    2003-01-01

    and media companies to deal with the creationand maintenance of metadata, indexing and controlled vocabularies required for effective Media Asset Management of broadcasts. Panelist will provide perspectives of their organization or project, for example, the CPB's PB Core metadata element set, which...... is currently under development; the Disney Nomenclature Registry at Disney Corporation; and the ViDe (video access group) MPEG-7 and Dublin Core mapping....

  5. Semiannual Report to the Congress. April 1, 2012 - September 30, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    2005 based upon information pro- vided by the FBI, Lawton, Okla. An informant had related that the Latimer Trucking Company had the contract for...make its delivery. On Dec. 14, 2006, the FBI, DCIS, and AFOSI executed federal search war- rants and interviewed several Latimer Truck- ing Company...drivers. Samples taken from the truck’s operating fuel tested positive as JP-8. As part of his plea, Doyle Latimer admitted that from 2001 through

  6. Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Position Analysis Using Passive Microwave Imager and Sounder Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    estimates derived from Polar-orbiting Opera- tional Environmental Satellite ( POES ) Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU- A) brightness temperatures. This...upwelling microwave radiation. Microwave temperature sounder data from SSMI/S, ATMS and the Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite ( POES ...archive that pro- vides access to satellite data from NOAA POES , NPP, and DMSP (CLASS accessed 2014). A search interface provides options for spatial

  7. Bio-inspired MEMS Aquatic Flow Sensor Arrays

    OpenAIRE

    Izadi, N.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes the attempt to design and fabricate flow sensors based on the function of sensory organs of the lateral line of fish. The driving force is the sensitivity and robustness of these sensory organs and the wide range of engineering appli¬cations that can benefit from direct velocity measurement with such accuracy. Three different schemes are proposed and the designs and fabrication procedures which pro¬vide the platform for realisation of the functional sensors are described...

  8. A Business Overview & Summary of the SM-27S/T MACHETE RDT&E Program as Undertaken by the Military Aerospace/Tactical Air Warfare Systems Division of STAVATTI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-27

    www.embraer.com The EMB-314 Super Tucano is produced by Empresa Brasil De Aeronautica (EMBRAER). An advanced derivative of the EMB-312 which entered...reconnaissance, electronic warfare and basic and advanced weapons familiarization . Both aircraft feature armor and redundant systems. With over 600 Tucanos...tunnel testing, STAVATTI will hold an FAA/STAVATTI familiarization /preliminary type certification board meeting. STAVATTI will pro- vide the FAA with all

  9. A Single Instrument for Achieving Accurate Alignment and Pre-Insertion Stability with Mandibular Bone Plates,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    adaptation and drilling and tapping of the screw canals prior to resection and final place- ment of the plate is termed the pre-insertion phase. Stable...threads in the screw canal (Fig. 2). Third, presently designed plate-holding forceps are not inherently stable. They provide only frictional contact on 2...of the forceps on the plate and pro- vides increased stability to the plate. The long lingual jaws of the Dingman forceps are applied to the lingual

  10. The RADOT Code for the Tracking of Radar Incident on Trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-02-01

    the study of radar signatures. As described In the sections which follow, the code accepts as Input, the type of tree(s) desired, (from a current... cases , the current routine, Itself, pro- vides information as to the cause of the STOe condition. As a user aid, the locations of the various STOP...Input Description The following Is a complete description of the Input ’required by RADOT: 1. TITLE (Format 20A4) 2. NMAC,IPUN, ITAP (Format 3110) NMAC

  11. Beach rocks of the central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Wagle, B.G.

    both. The contrasts in the coastal features appear to have resulted from a combination of changes in the sea level, climate, lithology, structure and local tec tunic movement (Wagle 1989). Results and Discussion The beach rocks are exposed..., sufficient shell content and ground water temperature have also favored the for mation of these rocks. Essent;al to beach rock devel- opment is ground water with enough calcium to pro-, vide cement. A limestone hinterland is favorable bUl not critical...

  12. The Emperor’s New Password Manager: Security Analysis of Web-based Password Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-07

    manager’s code often runs in a web ap- plication’s origin (via an extension or a bookmarklet). We assume that the password manager’s code is not ma...in all three cases, learns credentials for arbitrary websites. . While in 2009 Adida et al. identified attacks on pass- word manager bookmarklets [1...pro- vides the encrypted master key key_rand_encrypted and the credential for dropbox.com. The same- origin policy allows an attacker to include a

  13. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MOTS CLÉS: ectopies rénales, echographie, urographie intraveineuse, scanner, artériographie rénale ... loge rénale gauche. Vessie sans particularité. Utérus de taille normale, de contours réguliers, d'échostructure homogène, vide avec une ligne cavitaire fine, mesurant 75 .... origine anatomique; d'autre part, la présence.

  14. Kinetics of Graphite Oxidation in Reacting Flow from Imaging Fourier Transform Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-21

    plumes. Spatial maps of species and temperature pro- vide much needed insight into the transport and kinetic mechanisms and are vital for validation of...temperature. To quantify the severity of the blurring, measurements of the edge spread function (ESF) were taken using a knife edge and blackbody. At...Appendix B. Results suggest systematic errors of < 12% for species mole fraction and < 10% for plume temperature. To quantify the severity of the blurring

  15. Feature Weighting via Optimal Thresholding for Video Analysis (Open Access)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-03

    combine multiple descriptors. For example, STIP [10] feature combines HOG descriptor for shape information and HOF descriptor for motion informa- tion...Dense Trajectories feature [23] is an integration of de- scriptors of trajectory, HOG , HOF and Motion Boundary Histogram (MBH). In the video action...three features pro- vided by [5]: STIP features with 5,000 dimensional BoWs representation, SIFT features extracted every two seconds with 5,000

  16. Regional-scale GIS-models for assessment of hazards from glacier lake outbursts: evaluation and application in the Swiss Alps

    OpenAIRE

    Huggel, C.; A. Kääb; Haeberli, W.; B. Krummenacher

    2003-01-01

    Debris flows triggered by glacier lake outbursts have repeatedly caused disasters in various high-mountain regions of the world. Accelerated change of glacial and periglacial environments due to atmospheric warming and increased anthropogenic development in most of these areas raise the need for an adequate hazard assessment and corresponding modelling. The purpose of this paper is to pro-vide a modelling approach which takes into account ...

  17. New Equipping Strategies for Combat Support Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    defibrillator may be more pronounced than the differences in their operator interfaces. Participants agreed that it would be best to train on exactly the... attempts to pro- vide each CSH with its own dedicated balance set on a one-to-one basis; rather, each alternative is designed to ensure that there...such as defibrillators ) by the California Emergency Medical Services Authority in its “Alternative Care Site” caches of equipment. California EMSA

  18. XTEN Nationwide EMS Proposal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Essentially what they recom- mended was a notice of inquiry and a notice of proposed rule- making. Thus, the Xerox petition will be examined in more...of a high speed digital communication system which does not use existing switching systems and telephone lines pro- vided by the telco will address the...It is essential for the network to provide commun- ications at all times. Distributed control, rather than central- ized control, aids in

  19. Consideration of Wear Rates at High Velocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Ayers and Second Lieutenant Julius Puentes pro- vided excellent support with dynamic model data, and slipper/rail specimens. Mr. Larry Perkins, Mr...Wear Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 1.10 Key Concepts from the Literature Search . . . . . . . . . 30 II. Metallographic Analysis...to AFIT for physical on-site investigation. 1.4 Description of Wear The literature search revealed that there are many different definitions of wear

  20. 12 Conception et réalisation des capteurs hybrides photovoltaïque ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    3Laboratoire Sur l'Energie solaire Chaire UNESCO des Energies Renouvelables de l'Université de Lomé. 4Faculté Des ... hybrides, les cellules PV sont isolées soit avec une lame d'air confinée ou soit avec un gap vide. La ..... Quelle que soit l'épaisseur du fluide caloporteur considéré dans l'étude, la Figure 4 montre.

  1. The Role of Trust as an Informal Institution in the Informal Sector in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Key Words: trust; informal institutions; informal sector. L'étude analyse la question inexplorée de la confiance qui, lorsqu'elle est perçue comme une institution informelle, joue un rôle important dans les opérations commerciales qui rythment le secteur informel en comblant le vide créé par l'absence d'institutions formelles.

  2. Producing Videotape Programs for Computer Training: An Example with AMA/NET

    OpenAIRE

    Novey, Donald W.

    1990-01-01

    To facilitate user proficiency with AMA/Net, an 80-minute training videotape has been produced. The production was designed to use videotape's advantages, where information and emotion are combined; and to accommodate its chief disadvantage, lack of resolution for fine text, with close-ups and graphics. Content of the videotape was conceived, out-lined, demonstrated with simultaneous text capture, edited into script form, narration added, and scripts marked for videotaping and narrating. Vide...

  3. Just-in-time og økonomistyringen - når økonomistyringen skal støtte et udvalg af parametre i produktionsforløbet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    2004-01-01

    lærebøger indeholder noget om JIT og økonomistyringen. Begrebet indgår ofte i en kombination med andre Moderne Økonomistyringsværktøjer som ABC, target costing, kaizen costing, Total Quality Management (TQM) etc., som virksomhederne også implementerer. Derfor kan det også være vanskeligt præcist at vide...

  4. Quantification du champ electromagnetique et description quantique de la generation du second harmonique a l'interieur d'une microcavite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collette, Marc

    L'existence de particules virtuelles qui surgissent spontanement du vide pour disparaitre tres peu de temps apres leur apparition (les fluctuations du vide) trouve son origine dans le principe d'incertitude de Heisenberg. Par ailleurs, on sait que le phenomene de resonance par confinement explique l'amplification de l'intensite lumineuse a l'interieur d'une cavite ouverte aux frequences de resonances de celle-ci. C'est pourquoi le taux d'apparition des photons virtuels au sein des modes propres d'une cavite est lui aussi amplifie par le resonateur. Mathematiquement, cet effet quantique est decrit par l'existence d'un commutateur " anomal " entre les operateurs d'annihilation et de creation des photons. Nous decrivons les consequences de ce commutateur sur la generation du second harmonique optique (GSH), un processus photonique ou, dans un materiau optiquement non lineaire, deux photons de meme energie fusionnent pour n'en former qu'un seul. On commence ce travail avec un traitement complet et original sur la quantification du champ electromagnetique. On montre ensuite que les fluctuations du vide stimulent le signal de la GSH a l'interieur du milieu confine. Cependant, on constate aussi que les fluctuations du vide jouent le role d'un inhibiteur au declenchement du processus, c'est-a-dire que le seuil de la GSH augmente (il est superieur au seuil minimal de deux photons seulement). En conclusion, les mecanismes intimes de certains processus optiques non lineaires doivent etre reconsideres lorsqu'ils surviennent en presence d'un confinement electromagnetique.

  5. Kinetics and equilibria for the axial ligation of bromomethyl (aqua ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    nished a significant amount of data4,5 that have pro- vided a foundation for understanding the behaviour of cobalamins.6 Randaccio et al.7–9 compared the ..... complex in the absence of DNA, εb is the extinction coefficient of the complex fully bound to DNA. In the plots [DNA]/(εb – εf) vs. [DNA], Kb is given by the ratio of ...

  6. Effects of mechanical weed control in spring cereals - flora, fauna and economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Navntoft, Søren; Esbjerg, Peter; Ørum, Jens Erik

    At mekanisk ukrudtsbekæmpelse kan erstatte kemisk behandling vides fra økologisk produktion, men til hvilken pris? - og hvad med fuglerederne? Nu er det påvist, at strigling som efterlader 15 g (tørret) ukrudt pr m2 kan sikre nytteinsekter for en samlet merudgift på kun 0,75 hkg vårkorn pr. ha. D...

  7. Situation Awareness Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-07

    occurred between the saccades . A saccade was defined as an eye movement velocity faster than 30° per second. The pattern of eye movements in the second...and both sessions were combined in the analysis. Measures. The eye movement measures were identical to Experiment 1, except that the interval of time...search for memory cues, for example, objects that are related to decayed goals. Eye movements pro- vided evidence of this sort of SAR search, including

  8. Program Manager. Journal of the Defense System Management College. PM training and Industry Subjective Estimates Sustaining Desert Shield X, Y, and TQM

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    technical ser- chines and systems isn’t the answer ing, or the ExMSE, program pro- vices, marketing , sales, research and for solving complex problems and...viding a broadening of perspectives development, managing or engineer- finding new markets and products. tailored for men and women to lead ing. They...estimate of a value is determined by, problem-solving techniques that and the result of mentally construc-ting a chain of hypothetical events Sutilize

  9. Consumer acceptability and sensory profile of cooked broccoli with mustard seeds added to improve chemoprotective properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghawi, Sameer Khalil; Shen, Yuchi; Niranjan, Keshavan; Methven, Lisa

    2014-09-01

    Broccoli, a rich source of glucosinolates, is a commonly consumed vegetable of the Brassica family. Hydrolysis products of glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, have been associated with health benefits and contribute to the flavor of Brassica. However, boiling broccoli causes the myrosinase enzyme needed for hydrolysis to denature. In order to ensure hydrolysis, broccoli must either be mildly cooked or active sources of myrosinase, such as mustard seed powder, can be added postcooking. In this study, samples of broccoli were prepared in 6 different ways; standard boiling, standard boiling followed by the addition of mustard seeds, sous vide cooking at low temperature (70 °C) and sous vide cooking at higher temperature (100 °C) and sous vide cooking at higher temperature followed by the addition of mustard seeds at 2 different concentrations. The majority of consumers disliked the mildly cooked broccoli samples (70 °C, 12 min, sous vide) which had a hard and stringy texture. The highest mean consumer liking was for standard boiled samples (100 °C, 7 min). Addition of 1% mustard seed powder developed sensory attributes, such as pungency, burning sensation, mustard odor, and flavor. One cluster of consumers (32%) found mustard seeds to be a good complement to cooked broccoli; however, the majority disliked the mustard-derived sensory attributes. Where the mustard seeds were partially processed, doubling the addition to 2% led to only the same level of mustard and pungent flavors as 1% unprocessed seeds, and mean consumer liking remained unaltered. This suggests that optimization of the addition level of partially processed mustard seeds may be a route to enhance bioactivity of cooked broccoli without compromising consumer acceptability. © 2014 Institute of Food Technologists®

  10. 356 Contribution à la réduction des périodes improductives du cycle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TOSHIBA

    activité peut constituer une source de revenu monétaire d'un jeune éleveur qui se prend en charge. Ainsi dans le cadre .... les cages des lapines vides, gestantes, jeunes reproducteurs ont des mêmes dimensions : 6m de long, 1m de ..... SOUCHET http://www.inra.fr/internet/projet/colloques/prog/JRC 99,( 1999) consulté en ...

  11. Le bush, espace du mythe australien ou comment l'Australie rêve son territoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Vacher

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available L'Australie s'est construite autour d'un vaste espace considéré comme vide; or ce bush a si fortement contribué à l'invention de l'identité australienne qu'il est devenu indissociable de l'image du pays. Les populations urbaines australiennes ont eu besoin de rêver ce territoire, puis d'y accepter de nécessaires évolutions.

  12. Comportement thermomécanique de l'alliage 600 en flexion 4 points ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ce travail s'intéresse à l'endommagement de l'alliage base nickel 600 connu sous le nom commercial d'inconel 600 utilisé particulièrement au niveau des circuits primaires des réacteurs nucléaires à eau pressurisée. Ainsi, des essais de flexion 4 points sont effectués à l'aide d'un montage spécifique sous vide secondaire, ...

  13. The Shock and Vibration Bulletin. Part 3. Skylab, Vibration Testing and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-06-01

    were modified to allow incremental changes to the piston area and to pro- S . . vide continuously adjustable volumes. The variable area was achieved...presented in Figures 4 and for the payload assembly. The transfer 5 for liftoff and boundary layer conditions. funcions were calculated for...The amplitude and phase steel-reinforced concrete and weighs approximately relationships are infinitely variable between axes. 100,000 pounds. This

  14. Concentration of Umami Compounds in Pork Meat and Cooking Juice with Different Cooking Times and Temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotola-Pukkila, Minna K; Pihlajaviita, Seija T; Kaimainen, Mika T; Hopia, Anu I

    2015-12-01

    This study examined the concentrations of umami compounds in pork loins cooked at 3 different temperatures and 3 different lengths of cooking times. The pork loins were cooked with the sous vide technique. The free amino acids (FAAs), glutamic acid and aspartic acid; the 5'-nucleotides, inosine-5'-monophosphate (IMP) and adenosine-5'-monophosphate (AMP); and corresponding nucleoside inosine of the cooked meat and its released juice were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Under the experimental conditions used, the cooking temperature played a more important role than the cooking time in the concentration of the analyzed compounds. The amino acid concentrations in the meat did not remain constant under these experimental conditions. The most notable effect observed was that of the cooking temperature and the higher amino acid concentrations in the released juice of meat cooked at 80 °C compared with 60 and 70 °C. This is most likely due to the heat induced hydrolysis of proteins and peptides releasing water soluble FAAs from the meat into the cooking juice. In this experiment, the cooking time and temperature had no influence on the IMP concentrations observed. However, the AMP concentrations increased with the increasing temperature and time. This suggests that the choice of time and temperature in sous vide cooking affects the nucleotide concentration of pork meat. The Sous vide technique proved to be a good technique to preserve the cooking juice and the results presented here show that cooking juice is rich in umami compounds, which can be used to provide a savory or brothy taste. © 2015 Institute of Food Technologists®

  15. Vitamin C, total phenolics and antioxidative activity in tip-cut green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and swede rods (Brassica napus var. napobrassica) processed by methods used in catering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baardseth, Pernille; Bjerke, Frøydis; Martinsen, Berit K; Skrede, Grete

    2010-05-01

    Retention of nutrients in vegetables during blanching/freezing, cooking and warm-holding is crucial in the preparation of both standard and therapeutic diets. In the present study, conventional cooking in water, and cooking by pouch technology (boil-in-bag, sous vide) were compared in their ability to retain vitamin C, total phenolics and antioxidative activity (DPPH and FRAP) in industrially blanched/frozen tip-cut green beans and swede rods. After conventional cooking, 50.4% total ascorbic acid, 76.7% total phenolics, 55.7% DPPH and 59.0% FRAP were recovered in the drained beans. After boil-in-bag cooking, significantly (P < 0.05) higher recoveries were obtained, i.e. 80.5% total ascorbic acid, 89.2% total phenolics, 94.8% DPPH and 92.9% FRAP. Recoveries after sous vide cooking were comparable to those of boil-in-bag cooking. By conventional cooking, 13.5-42.8% of the nutrients leaked into the cooking water; by sous vide about 10% leaked to the exuded liquid, while no leakage occurred by boil-in-bag cooking. Warm-holding beans after cooking reduced recoveries in all components. Recoveries in swede rods were comparable but overall slightly lower. Industrially blanched/frozen vegetables should preferably be cooked by pouch technology, rather than conventional cooking in water. Including cooking water or exuded liquid into the final dish will increase the level of nutrients in a meal. Warm-holding of vegetables after cooking should be avoided.

  16. Injúria racial no futebol brasileiro: uma análise sócio-histórica de alguns casos (não tão) esporádicos ocorridos nos últimos anos

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Thereza Oliveira Souza; Larissa Jensen; André Mendes Capraro; Everton de Albuquerque Cavalcanti

    2015-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8042.2015v27n46p230Apesar do discurso das autoridades que gerenciam o futebol no âmbito global contrários a qualquer forma de discriminação, sobretudo as de cunho racial, a reincidência de casos prossegue. Embora se caracterize como algo singular por parte da maioria dos pesquisadores, o racismo no futebol apresenta elementos gerais que, por vezes, são ignorados. Vide exemplos das ocorrências com alguns jogadores brasileiros, como Aranha, Arouca, Daniel Alves, T...

  17. Born Digital, Grown Digital. The videogame World is a Hyperactive Phenomenon

    OpenAIRE

    Prato, Giuditta de; Feijoo Gonzalez, Claudio Antonio; Simon, Jean Paul

    2010-01-01

    Video games, though comparatively new, already form a significant and growing share of the media and content industries. The global video game market was estimated at some €45 - 50 billion in 2009, and is expected to grow four times faster than the media and entertainment market as a whole. The former is expected to grow by almost 70% by 2013, whereas the latter is expected to grow by only 17%. The figures and table in this article illustrate this for various perspectives. In the UK, the vide...

  18. Il Comune di Pietro Leopoldo: il Regolamento per la Comunità di Firenze del 20 novembre 1781

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Chiavistelli

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Il 20 novembre 1781 il Granduca di Toscana Pietro Leopoldo licenziò il Regolamento della Comunità di Firenze. Questo documento riveste particolare importanza perché per la prima volta la comunità fiorentina si vide riconosciuto lo status di soggetto amministrativo autonomo all’interno dello Stato toscano. Questo contributo cerca di delineare il quadro politico all’interno del quale nacque il Regolamento particolare di Firenze e mette in luce alcuni dei punti più significativi del provvedimento. Al commento segue la pubblicazione del suo testo integrale.

  19. Learning Deep Representations for Ground to Aerial Geolocalization (Open Access)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-15

    as expressed in Eqn. 1. The precomputation of f(y) enables us to use fast algorithms such as Locality Sensitive Hashing [15, 7] in finding K nearest...Fortunately, more complete coverage is pro- vided by oblique aerial or “bird’s eye” imagery. In this work, we localize a ground-level query image by...close while pairs of different locations or views will be far away. The contributions of this paper are three-fold: (1) our method can localize a photo

  20. Bredbånds betydning for den regionale udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Péronard, Jean-Paul de Cros; Just, Flemming

    of broadband is essential in the continuous revitalisation of rural areas. This technology will make it more attractive to live and work in rural districts. Thus, attracting and keeping rural residents depends not only on the roll-out of broadband, but also on securing upgrading to a continuously higher...... broadband capacity. Most important is the policy makers' ability to pro-vide broadband content that will support the local social integration. In particu-lar, it is important to employ broadband in order to support elderly and handi-capped so that they may remain in their own homes. It is also crucial...

  1. A Robust Controller Structure for Pico-Satellite Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragelund, Martin Nygaard; Green, Martin; Kristensen, Mads

    This paper describes the development of a robust controller structure for use in pico-satellite missions. The structure relies on unknown disturbance estimation and use of robust control theory to implement a system that is robust to both unmodeled disturbances and parameter uncertainties. As one...... possible application, a satellite mission with the purpose of monitoring shipping routes for oil spills has been considered. However, it is the aim of the control structure to be widely applicable and adaptable for a vide variety of pico-satellite missions. The robust control structure has been evaluated...

  2. Karst et CO2. Le transfert de CO2 dans le synclinal carbonifère de Comblain-au-Pont

    OpenAIRE

    Ek, Camille; Godissart, Jean

    2013-01-01

    CO2, solved in water, is the main factor of karstification. In the caves, CO2 concentration in air raises commonly up to 10 000 ppm and, during summertime, 20 000 and more. Le CO2 dissous dans l'eau est à l'origine de la formation des vides dans les massifs karstiques. Dans les grottes, la concentration du CO2 dans l'air atteint couramment 10 000 ppm, et, en été, nous avons déjà mesuré 20 000 ppm et bien davantage.

  3. Synthesis and antiulcer activity of 2-[5-substituted-1-H-benzo(d ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    w/v, 0⋅2 mL, 2 mmol) in acetic acid (5 mL) was added drop-wise in ..... house at room temperature 25–30°C. Rats were di- vided into various ... py lo ru s ligation. -in duced antiu lcer activity o f test comp ou nd s (5a. –o. ). P yloru s ligated antiulcer activity. U lcer in dex ±. SEM. P. H of gastric juice ±. S. E. M. V olume o. f g.

  4. post-1994

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cet ouvrage Barthes a déjà postulé que "le sujet n'est pas une plénitude individuelle qu'on a le droit ou non d'évacuer dans le langage [...] mais au contraire un vide autour duquel l'écrivain tresse une parole infiniment transformée [...] en sorte que toute écriture qui ne ment pas désigne, non les attributs intérieurs du sujet, ...

  5. Customer Satisfaction And Willingness To Recommend An Event : Case: Neste Oil Rally 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Laitinen, Arno

    2013-01-01

    The Bachelors’ thesis was assigned by Sport Business School Finland and AKK Sports Oy. The purpose of the thesis was to examine the levels of satisfaction in Neste Oil Rally Finland and willingness to recommend the event to others. The study method that was used in the research was quantitative. There were two research questions: What is the overall customer satisfaction with the event and the services pro-vided and what is the potential of word-of-mouth marketing of spectators and its’ effec...

  6. Synthesis of electronically modified Ru-based neutral 16 VE allenylidene olefin metathesis precatalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lichtenheldt, Martin; Kress, Steffen; Blechert, Siegfried

    2012-05-04

    Electronic modifications within Ru-based olefin metathesis precatalysts have provided a number of new complexes with significant differences in reactivity profiles. So far, this aspect has not been studied for neutral 16 VE allenylidenes. The first synthesis of electronically altered complexes of this type is reported. Following the classical dehydration approach (vide infra) modified propargyl alcohols were transformed to the targeted allenylidene systems in the presence of PCy₃. The catalytic performance was investigated in RCM reaction (ring closing metathesis) of benchmark substrates such as diallyltosylamide and diethyl diallylmalonate.

  7. Prema dijalogu sociologije i kulturalnih studija

    OpenAIRE

    Bezinović, Igor

    2004-01-01

    Kulturalni studiji nastali su kao reakcija na britansku pozitivističku sociologiju. S vremenom je pojam kulturalnih studija postao široko upotrebljavan, tako da se cijeli pokret treba smatrati iznimno heterogenim. U radu se ističu nedostaci nepostojanja znanstvene metodološke strogosti u određenim radovima kulturalnih studija. Također se upozorava na opasnost prenaglašavanja mogućnosti svakodnevnog otpora, koja se najčešće javlja u radovima koji kulturalne studije vide kao antiinstituciona...

  8. Editorial

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Association

    2010-01-01

    New President and Executive Committee   In accordance with the Rules of the Staff Association, in December each year the Staff Council delegates elect a President who proposes a list of members of the Executive Committee. At its meeting on 7th December 2010, Staff Council elected by an overwhelming majority Michel Goossens and his Executive Committee for 2011, made up of eleven members and five permanently invited members.   Michel GOOSSENS IT Président Marcel AYMON HR Vice-président Sébastien ÉVRARD EN Vide-président Céline GROBON PH Trésorier Isabelle MARDIROSSIAN GS Secré...

  9. Vertebral Hemangiomas - Aggressive Forms | Allali | African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L\\'IRM a objectivé un aspect hétérogène des vertèbres atteintes avec des zones vides de signal d\\'aspect serpigineux et des zones d\\'hyper signal et d\\'iso signal en Tl aug - mentant en T2. la composante épidurale responsable de la compression médullaire présente les mêmes caractéristiques de signal que la lésion ...

  10. Evaluation of Contracting and Production Activities at: The Defense Logistics Agency’s Defense Supply Centers. Volume 4. Defense Fuel Supply Center Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    somewhat equally among buyers, depenu:mng on xnmFex=cy, collir amount, ana competition anticipated. An auto- matea b:L is used to solicit sources througn...million. Typically, PH contracts pro- vide for aircraft into-plane services at approximately 140 aomes- tic and 5k) overseas locations; ships’ bunkers...NECOTT4TED ACTIONS PD PE 1 r P11 P , P REVIEW LEVEL DTO c rn0 P77, 1C’ I Mr -A--. TIC $100,OOO,000 and Over X X 10,000,000 and Over X , ’, 1i 5,000,000

  11. Architectures for peer-to-peer media streaming in large scale systems

    OpenAIRE

    Schiely, Marc; Felber, Pascal; Kropf, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The distribution of substantial amounts of data to a large number of clients is a problem that is often tackled by peer-to-peer(P2P)architectures. Bottlenecks are alleviated by distributing the work of the server to all participating peers. Content is no longer passed directly from the server to all clients but only to a small subset of peers from where it is forwarded to a different subset of clients. These basic P2P ideas can also be applied to the distribution of live content, such as vide...

  12. Where Do We Stand on Discounts? - A Nordic Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bastida, Vladimir; Ballebye Okholm, Henrik; Pedersen, Torben

    Dominant undertakings’ ability, under competition law, to award discounts and other loyalty inducing considerations are subject to much ambiguity and unsettled issues. Despite discounts being a commercial requirement, even for the dominant undertaking, it is difficult to draw up clear principles...... to dis-counts and unilateral behaviour and in particular the 2017 Court of Justice rul-ing in Intel has reopened the discussions. The objective of this book is to pro-vide guidance on the matter under EU and Nordic competition law and to align these with economic theory....

  13. Spectroscopic Signatures for Interlayer Coupling in MoS2-WSe2 van der Waals Stacking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-07

    Hao Chang, Mauricio Terrones, Humberto Terrones, Lain-Jong Li 611103 c. THIS PAGE The public reporting burden for this collection of information is...Li,‡,X Wengjing Zhang,§,^ Wei-Ting Hsu, ) Wen-Hao Chang, ) Mauricio Terrones,# Humberto Terrones,r and Lain-Jong Li*,† †Physical Sciences and...with one layer of MoS2 and another of WSe2 arranged in an AB stacking was considered under the local density approximation (LDA). To pro - vide a

  14. Le pilotage et la mesure de l’empreinte sociétale de l’entreprise grâce à la Balanced ScoreCard : entre adaptation et évolution radicale du modèle de Kaplan et Norton

    OpenAIRE

    Crutzen, Nathalie; Van Caillie, Didier

    2007-01-01

    Vu l’intérêt croissant porté par les entreprises aux aspects sociaux et environnementaux, la présente communication propose une revue des principales contributions montrant l’importance et les enjeux de la prise en compte des dimensions sociales et environnementales (de la RSE) dans les systèmes de contrôle de gestion des entreprises. Plus spécifiquement, face aux limites de nombreux outils pour piloter et mesurer adéquatement l’empreinte sociétale des entreprises, ce papier met en évide...

  15. Page 1 Revue Africaine de Sociologie 3(2) 1999, pp.99-128 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    une mise en délibérée du passé » pour en assurer une conjugaison au présent. La généalogie c'est la recherche des origines et des ancêtres, la reconstitution de la filiation en articulant vides et chaînons attestés, mélangeant faits et con- jectures, empruntant méthodes et techniques aux sciences naturelles et aux théories ...

  16. Spectroscopie de vibration infrarouge du silicium amorphe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ce travail porte sur l'étude des configurations des liaisons Si-H des couches minces du silicium amorphe hydrogéné évaporé (a-Si:H) préparées dans un bâti ultra-vide (UHV). L'hydrogène atomique est obtenu à l'aide d'un plasma dans un tube à décharge dirigé vers le porte-substrat. Les fréquences de vibrations et la ...

  17. Ifpack2 User's Guide 1.0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prokopenko, Andrey [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Siefert, Christopher [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hu, Jonathan J. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hoemmen, Mark Frederick [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Klinvex, Alicia Marie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-05-01

    This is the definitive user manual for the I FPACK 2 package in the Trilinos project. I FPACK 2 pro- vides implementations of iterative algorithms (e.g., Jacobi, SOR, additive Schwarz) and processor- based incomplete factorizations. I FPACK 2 is part of the Trilinos T PETRA solver stack, is templated on index, scalar, and node types, and leverages node-level parallelism indirectly through its use of T PETRA kernels. I FPACK 2 can be used to solve to matrix systems with greater than 2 billion rows (using 64-bit indices). Any options not documented in this manual should be considered strictly experimental .

  18. An Experimental Study of the Dynamics of an Unsteady Turbulent Boundary Layer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    amplifier (gains of 1, 2, 4, and 8), 12-bit accuracy, 35 KHz conversion rate, and a swich -selectable range of (0 to 10) V or (-10 to +10) V. Digital...shaft of the DC motor that drives the oscillation mech- anism and provides a 10-bit Gray coded output of the angular position of the shaft. The 00...converts the Gray code to natural binary code for input to the computer. In addition, the encoder electronics pro- vides sampling triggers at 512 equally

  19. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    an unpredictable ma.~ Aer . about 200 days after the explosion, pro- Conse’uently, in an actual situation vided one mea;urement of the dose rate...there is reasonable conti- table. dence in the clinical even’.s and appro- 12.109 As shown in Table 12. 108, priate therapy , but for (loses in excess of...which therapy , i~. liative measures. It is oC :riedical inter. ov~r medical treatmnent, will he suc est, however, to subdivide this lethal cesfulat he

  20. Asian Dust Storm Activity and Its Association with Atmospheric Circulation from 1995 to 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia-Yuh Yu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this pa per, Asian dust storm activity from 1995 to 2006 and the associated atmospheric circulation are examined using SYNOP data and the NCEP/NCAR reanalysis atmospheric data. Observations show that the Gobi Desert is the most frequent birth place for severe dust events in Asia, accounting for pproximately 58% of the total percent age, followed by about 32% from the Taklamakan Desert and nearly 10% from the Loess Plateau. Climatologically, the existence of a large-scale dry zone over mid-latitudes of Asia during the Spring pro vides a favor able environment for the frequent occurrences of dust events and subsequent dust transport across Asia.

  1. An Enhanced Synthetic Environment for Maritime Surveillance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    apprises et recommandations pour des changements organisationnels et de processus au sein de la section ESFF. Basé sur le travail accompli dans la...parties des messages OTH étaient incorrectes ou même vides. Ceci a été corrigé avec un examen de toutes les données de message suivis des changements ...composants modulaires tells: le trafic, climat (météo), et terrain. Ces composants modulaires peuvent être réutilisés à l’avenir en ES. Les sections de

  2. Lupin i svinefoder mindsker ornelugt

    OpenAIRE

    Hansen, Laurits Lydehøj

    2007-01-01

    Ornelugt i svinekød kan begrænses ved to ugers fodring med 25 pct. lupiner i foderet. Ornelugt er en afvigende lugt og smag, som findes hos 5 til 10 procent af danske hangrise ved en vægt omkring 100 kg. Imidlertid vides det, at sogrise og galte i flere forsøg også har "ornelugt". Eller nærmere betegne, det som nogle forbrugere opfatter som griselugt og afsmag i kødet. Problemet skyldes først og fremmest stoffet skatol.

  3. The Ethical Problem in Pluralistic Societies and Dr. Toner’s Mistakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    issues for another day. ■ 5. For the concept of “symbolic universe,” see P. L. Berger and T. Luckmann, A Construção Social da Realidade (Petrópolis...standards in its members when these standards appear to be in social decline? Are military cultures out of touch with the people they protect? First...da Rocha pro­ vides an international (Brazilian) perspective in a deep, theoretical tutorial on the origins and relationships of social and military

  4. ALICE results in p-Pb collisions at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Stocco, Diego

    2015-01-01

    ALICE studies the properties of the strongly interacting matter at the extreme energy densities reached in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. In this context, the measurements in proton-proton and proton-nucleon collisions are mandatory: the former sets the reference, while the latter pro- vides further insight into the effects due to cold nuclear matter, which is crucial in the understand- ing of heavy-ion collisions. In this paper, a selection of the recent results in p–Pb collisions at the LHC will be presented.

  5. Motor and Audiovisual Learning Consolidate Auditory Memory of Tonally Ambiguous Melodies

    OpenAIRE

    Schiavio, A.; Timmers, R.

    2016-01-01

    The present study investigated the role of motor and audiovisual learning in the memorization of four\\ud tonally ambiguous melodies for piano. A total of one hundred and twenty participants divided into\\ud three groups - pianists, other musicians (non-pianists), and non-musicians - learned the melodies\\ud through either playing them on a keyboard (‘playing condition’), through performing the melodies on a\\ud piano without auditory feedback (‘silent playing condition’), through watching a vide...

  6. Physico-chimie d'intérêt astrophysique & Formation et évolution de la matière organique cométaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Fray, Nicolas

    2013-01-01

    Ce document présente une sélection des travaux que j'ai effectués entre 2004 et 2013. Ils concernent plus particulièrement la spectroscopie dans l'ultraviolet du vide, les équilibres solide - gaz à basses températures et la caractérisation de la matière organique réfractaire contenue dans les comètes. L'application de ces travaux expérimentaux en laboratoire à différents objets du système solaire est explicitée.

  7. Diversity and seasonal variation of zooplankton of Lake Hlan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Méthodes et résultats: L'étude a été réalisée de Mai à Décembre 2012. Le plancton a été mensuellement échantillonné sur trois stations représentants le plan horizontal du lac. Un filet à plancton conique de 30 >m de vide de maille a été utilisé. Un échantillonnage vertical sur toute la colonne du plan d'eau a été réalisé à

  8. Confronting empty spaces: between interpretation and experience in "The Turn of the Screw" by Henry James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Spinelli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Turn of the Screw by Henry James has inspired the most various critical debates for over a century. What is hidden in the folds of the story? What kind of impact does it have on the reader? Like a borderless nebula who attracts and reflects light from other stars, this novella is permeated by a vide fascinant, by a chaotic and disturbing matter “such stuff as dreams are made”. This feeling of absence and uncertainty, that characterizes the story, developed trough the contribution of readers and critics and it found a further still precious echo in The Innocents, a film directed by Jack Clayton in 1961.

  9. En California dos pioneros: Uno en el pasado y otro en el presente

    OpenAIRE

    Mauricio Bermúdez

    2002-01-01

    Agost on Haraszthy buscando un clima para alivio de su enfermedad arribó en 1849 al sur de California donde se convirtió en el pionero al importar, sembrar y producir vino con Zinfandel, una entre otras muchas vides europeas. Construyó el viñedo Buena Vista diseñado para esa época con las mejores facilidades, no obstante, la empresa estaba destinada al colapso financiero por el incumplimiento del Estado de California; la vida de Agost on fue una aventura y tras su muerte una leyenda. En 1976 ...

  10. Chelating properties of alpha-oximinocarboxamides-I alpha-Oximinophenylacetamide isomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coviello, D A; El-Fatatry, H M

    1971-06-01

    Various polyfunctional oximes chelate with metals pro vided that the other functional group is proximal to the oxime and contains a good donor atom or is a good donor itself. Thus alpha-oximinocarboxamides are potential chelating agents of analytical value since the amide function attached to the carbon atom bearing the oxime has two groups capable of functioning as donors (ketone and amine). Two isomers of alpha-oximinophenylacetamide (AOPA) were obtained by two different synthetic routes, and structures were assigned by spectrometric methods. syn-AOPA was found to have chelating properties, but the anti-isomer did not. The synthesis and details of structure assignments are reported here.

  11. Phalanx. The Bulletin of Military Operations Research. Volume 45, Number 3, September 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    pro- vides a unique opportunity for both groups that cannot be duplicated. It is anticipated that many from the 3+1 AAC will attend See Assesment ...developing or refining a doctrinal chapter or equivalent product ... Assesment from page 2 9P H A L A N X · S E P T E M B E R 2 0 1 2 devoted to...Vanderbilt University in 2000 with a bachelor’s of en- gineering degree in computer engineering and was commissioned via the NROTC program as a 2nd

  12. Synthesis of Electronically Modified Ru-Based Neutral 16 VE Allenylidene Olefin Metathesis Precatalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siegfried Blechert

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Electronic modifications within Ru-based olefin metathesis precatalysts have provided a number of new complexes with significant differences in reactivity profiles. So far, this aspect has not been studied for neutral 16 VE allenylidenes. The first synthesis of electronically altered complexes of this type is reported. Following the classical dehydration approach (vide infra modified propargyl alcohols were transformed to the targeted allenylidene systems in the presence of PCy3. The catalytic performance was investigated in RCM reaction (ring closing metathesis of benchmark substrates such as diallyltosylamide (6 and diethyl diallylmalonate (7.

  13. Shock and Impact Response of Naval Composite Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    radial velocity cxh in-plane shear strain DT pulse duration eb bending strain ex axial strain exh in-plane shear strain eh hoop strain ehm mid...0, exh = 0, jx = 0, and jxh = 0. The hoop strain eh in the shell is eh ¼ zjh ð3Þ where ehm is the mid-surface strain, jh is the change in curvature...vided by its undeformed length adh: ehm ¼ 1 adh dr dh dh 2 þ r d/ dh dh 2" #12 adh 8< : 9= ; ð6Þ Fig. 1. Composite cylinder under external

  14. Automatic planning of head and neck treatment plans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hazell, Irene; Bzdusek, Karl; Kumar, Prashant

    2016-01-01

    Treatment planning is time-consuming and the outcome depends on the person performing the optimization. A system that automates treatment planning could potentially reduce the manual time required for optimization and could also pro-vide a method to reduce the variation between persons performing...... treatment plans were reoptimized with the Auto-Planning module. Comparison of the two types of treatment plans were performed using DVH metrics and a blinded clinical evaluation by two senior radiation oncologists using a scale from one to six. Both evaluations investigated dose coverage of target and dose...

  15. An empirical review of lean manufacturing and their strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Virender Chahal; M.S. Narwal

    2017-01-01

    The theory of lean manufacturing provides the quality of the products in minimum cost and pro-vides customer satisfaction. Today, the competition level is very high and every industry tries to supply high quality products in nominal cost, so lean is the latest tool to achieve. The objective of this paper is to study different lean concepts under various lean strategies. This study helps to find out the status of lean manufacturing and its ways of implementation. Also in this paper, there is a...

  16. Nøgne billeder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ove

    billeder kaster et kritisk, analyserende blik på hver af de indtil videre ti danske dogmefilm. Artiklerne forsøger at nå en forståelse af dogmefilmenes æstetiske og holdningsmæssige anliggender, og viser dermed også de enkelte films forvaltning af dogmereglerne. Her vil man se, at det lige så meget er...... film grundigt, uden at det bliver fortænkt eller utilgængeligt for almindelige biografgængere, der bare gerne vil vide mere....

  17. Causal Model Structure Analysis of Emotional Unrest in First Time Mothers Faced with Persistent Infant Crying 6–7 Weeks Postpartum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miwako Okamoto, RN, CNM, PhD

    2009-03-01

    Conclusion: This study demonstrated that it will be necessary in future for health-care workers to pro- vide early intervention, such as accurate information about crying as well as concrete and appropriate response measures for dealing with crying. Furthermore, in motherhood/parenting classes and the dis- charge guidance conducted at birthing centers, it will be necessary to provide guidance on what kind of effective support and local area resources are available to parents following the birth of their child. [Asian Nursing Research 2009;3(1:1–14

  18. Single-Crystal Mesoporous ZnO Thin Films Composed of Nanowalls

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Xudong

    2009-02-05

    This paper presents a controlled, large scale fabrication of mesoporous ZnO thin films. The entire ZnO mesoporous film is one piece of a single crystal, while high porosity made of nanowalls is present. The growth mechanism was proposed in comparison with the growth of ZnO nanowires. The ZnO mesoporous film was successfully applied as a gas sensor. The fabrication and growth analysis of the mesoporous ZnO thin film gi ve general guidance for the controlled growth of nanostructures. It also pro vides a unique structure with a superhigh surface-to-volume ratio for surface-related applications. © 2009 American Chemical Society.

  19. Effet antihypertensif d'un extrait aqueux d'écorce de tronc de parkia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sci-Nat

    10 à 13 mètres de hauteur. Cette plante pousse dans les ... un ballon est ensuite évaporé sous vide à 90°C, à l'aide d'un évaporateur rotatif de ..... C: Effet de EAPB à 4,73 mg/kg de poids corporel (après la 2ème flèche) après injection de la NIf à 5.10-5 mg/kg de poids corporel (1ère flèche). Figure 6: Interaction Nifédipine ...

  20. Mie Theory Sensitivity Studies. The Effects of Aerosol Complex Refractive Index and Size Distribution Variations on Extinction and Absorption Coefficients. Part 2. Analysis of the Computational Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-03-01

    imaginary index k for 0.001 < k < 0.025 pro - viding 0.01 < rg/X < 0-2, a > 2.0 and A < 106pm, while the ratio of the ex- tinction at real index 1.8 compared...1.9. 65 I o- 0.0010 go10EX.Tom,10 r .0.06mm - EXTINCTIO 00.1; 1.0 ILO %o 001 C 1*. z 00 Z - EXTINCTION 164 16 0 - 1a0,.001 Ca0jIJ L .001 0.01 0.1 l

  1. ELABORATION ET ETUDE DES MATERIAUX CHALCOPYRITES AIBIIIC2 IV : LE DISELINURE DE CUIVRE ET D’INDIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S MEHDAOUI

    2007-06-01

    par évaporation sur des substrats en verre présentent des coefficients d’absorption ( élevées de l’ordre de 5.104 cm-1. Le tracé de la fonction (h2 des couches minces recuites sous vide à différentes températures en fonction de l’énergie des photons incident a mis en relief la nature directe de la transition fondamentale est a permis également de calculer le gap Eg = 1.04 eV.

  2. Signature of terrestrial influence on nitrogen isotopic composition of suspended particulate

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.; Ramesh, R.; Sheshshayee, M.S.; Sardessai, S.; Patel, P.P.

    Institute of Oceanography, Goa 403 004, I n dia 4 M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara 390 002, India Nitrogen concentration and its isotopic composition in surface su spended matter have been measured at 24 di f- ferent loc a tions during..., primarily the aste r oids and occasionally Mars and the Moon. They also pr o vide information about the energetic environment in the inte r- planetary space where they spend a considerable p e riod of time, ranging from less than a million years to a few...

  3. Program Manager, the Journal of the Defense Systems Management College, Volume 14, Number 5, September-October 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-10-01

    Con- of an uncontrolled government. The - Honore ’ Balzac gress to "raise an army" and to "pro- legacy, however, is a very complex en- vide and...America. do hereby proclaim Friday. July 19. 1985, as National PO W./M.I A. Recognition Day. I call on all Americans to join in honoring all former...Participation in .ive tion Day’ po4er.’ the Vietnam unknown, the President public awareness programs is one way said, "One way to honor those who we can all help

  4. Géneros de juegos y videojuegos : una aproximación desde diversas perspectivas teóricas

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Latorre, Óliver

    2011-01-01

    Gèneres de Jocs i Videojocs. Una aproximació des de diverses perspectives teòriques. Si la forma com, des de nens, construïm universos de valors i donem sentit a les nostres vides està indissolublement unida als mitjans i les obres de la cultura de massa, la teoria i metodologia de l'anàlisi del videojoc requereix, avui en dia, un desenvolupament en profunditat. En aquest context, una qüestió fonamental és la construcció de taxonomies precises sobre els diversos gèneres de videojoc. Amb l'...

  5. Diode-end-pumped Tm:GdVO4 laser operating at 1818 and 1915 nm

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Esser, MJD

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available on an analysis of spectroscopic data. M.J.D. Esser et al. 2 Laser design In order to optimise the design of a high-power diode- pumped Tm:GdVO4 laser that fully utilises the broad emis- sion spectrum, a detailed spectroscopic study of the laser material... minimum [10]. This method of analysing a laser material for laser performance is com- plimentary to the “effective emission cross section” method used by other authors [2, 12]. The method used here pro- vides the laser designer with a clear indication...

  6. CERN Technical Training: Open Courses (June - July 2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The following course sessions are currently scheduled in the framework of the CERN Technical Training Programme 2007: Java – Level 2 (English): 2.7.-5.7.2007 (4 days, 3 places available) MATLAB – Fundamentals and Programming Techniques (English): 2.7.-3.7.2007 (2 days, full) MATLAB – Simulink for System and Algorithm Modeling (English) 4.7.-5.7.2007 (2 days, 2 places available) Automate de Sécurité (French): -> POSTPONED > from 9.10 – 11.10.2007 ! 10.7.-12.7.2007 (3 days, full) Oracle – HTML DB 2.0: Develop Web Applications (English): 11.7.-13.7.2007 (3 days, 6 places available) Technique du vide (French): 11.7.-12.7.2007 (2 days, full) ANSYS – Classical (French) 16.7.-20.7.2007 (5 days, 3 places available) Oracle – Programming with PL/SQL (English): 17.7.-19.7.2007 (3 days, full) Introduction to Databases and Database Design (English) 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 5 places available) Technique du vide (French): 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 3 places available) If ...

  7. AIMANTS PS CIRCUITS AUXILIAIRES DES PFW : UTILISATION DES PICK-UPS ET BOUCLES DE TOURS SELON LES TYPES DE CORRECTION

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2005-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d’aimant et constituées d’un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (“pick-ups” brasés sur les enroulements principaux et boucles de tours). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l’aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Les corrections à amener pour uniformiser le champ magnétique tout au long de la machine PS sont fonction des différents types de chambres à vide. A ce jour, nous utilisons 18 types de correction différents.

  8. CERN Technical Training: Open Courses (July 2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The following course sessions are currently scheduled in the framework of the CERN Technical Training Programme 2007: Automate de Sécurité (French): -> POSTPONED > from 9 to 11 October 2007 ! 10.7.-12.7.2007 (3 days, full) JCOP - Joint PVSS - JCOP Framework 09.07-12.07.2007 (5 days, full) CERN - EDMS - Introduction 10.07.2007 (1 day, 5 places available) Oracle - HTML DB 2.0: Develop Web Applications (English): 11.7.-13.7.2007 (3 days, 5 places available) Technique du vide (French): 11.7.-12.7.2007 (2 days, full) ANSYS - Classical (French) 16.7.-20.7.2007 (5 days, 2 places available) CERN - EDMS - MTF en pratique 17.07.2007 (1 day, 7 places available) Oracle - Programming with PL/SQL (English): 17.7.-19.7.2007 (3 days, 1 place available) WORD 2007 - Niveau 1 ECDL 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 8 places available) Introduction to Databases and Database Design (English) 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 3 places available) Technique du vide (French): 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 6 place...

  9. Effect of organic school meals to promote healthy diet in 11–13 year old children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Chen; Breiting, Søren; Perez-Cueto, Armando

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether organic school meals can be an effective strategy to pro- vide healthy food to children and promote their healthy eating habits. Furthermore, the study aimed to examine pupils’ attitudes predicting intention and behaviours in relation to organic food...... to consume organic food but not on their behaviour. In addition, all participants were willing to adopt healthier eating habits in the future both at school and in the home. These findings suggest that children attending schools where meals include organic ingredients might be more aware of healthy foods...... selected pupils were invited to focus group interviews. More positive school lunch habits were observed in pupils in the organic schools than in the non-organic schools. Generally all the pupils had positive attitudes towards organic food and health and this had a significant impact on their intention...

  10. La « mondialisation », ce laminoir intellectuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Matthey

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available L’heure est à la « mondialisation ». C’est elle qui vide les usines, appauvrit les plus pauvres, nivelle les différences, procure le bonheur, contient le malheur, permet de voyager en low cost, est responsable du réchauffement climatique, déclenche la guerre économique et fournit à l’homme l’espoir d’un monde qui ressemblerait à une plate-bande. On l’aura compris, la « mondialisation » est bien le laminoir intellectuel de notre temps. Comme les aciéries de nos aînés, reléguées aujourd’hui en ...

  11. Disease associated population effects of commercial fish and shellfish species (ToR g)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, T.; Alfjorden, A.; Feist, S.W.

    2015-01-01

    marine gastropods, bivalves, crustaceans, and fishes. The report provides in-formation on the types of diseases, together with data on diagnostic criteria, causative agents, geographical ranges and effects at the individual and population level. A dis-cussion of the significance of the findings...... and references to key publications are pro-vided. The overview shows that the effects of diseases may occur at various life stages of affected hosts. The extent to which these effects lead to measurable popula-tion changes (e.g., in growth, reproduction, mortality, recruitment, population de...... larger role in population performance and dynamics in marine fish and shellfish than previously recognised. Therefore, methods for incorporating disease data into population/stock assessment models should be further explored. In the first instance, this will be rele-vant for commercial species, for which...

  12. SharePoint 2013 ja käyttäjien hallinta

    OpenAIRE

    Kettunen, Ville

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli ottaa uusi Microsoft SharePoint 2013 -versio käyttöön Kainuun ammattiopistossa. Ammattiopistossa oli käytössään SharePoint 2007 -versio eikä sitä ollut päivitetty ohjelmaperheen uudempien versioiden tasalle aiemmin. SharePoint 2013:ssa on myös paljon uusia ominaisuuksia, joita aiemmissa versioissa ei ole ollut käytössä. Henkilöstö voi esimerkiksi käyttää omia sivustojaan ja korvata aikaisemmat kotikansiot. Uudessa versiossa voi myös käsitellä kuvia ja vide...

  13. LHC Season 2: A stronger machine

    CERN Multimedia

    Dominguez, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    1) New magnets / De nouveaux aimants 2) Stronger connections / Des jonctions électriques renforcées 3) Safer magnets / Des aimants plus sûrs 4) Higher energy beams / Des faisceaux d’énergie plus élevée 5) Narrower beams / Des faisceaux plus serrés 6) Smaller but closer proton packets / Des groupes de protons plus petits mais plus rapprochés 7) Higher voltage / Une tension plus haute 8) Superior cryogenics / Un système cryogénique amélioré 9) Radiation-resistant electronics / Une électronique qui résiste aux radiations 10) More secure vacuum / Un vide plus sûr

  14. Mercury based drug in ancient India: The red sulfide of mercury in nanoscale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyabrata Mukhi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Mercury is one of the elements which had attracted the attention of the chemists and physicians of ancient India and China. Among the various metal based drugs which utilize mercury, we became interested in the red sulfide of mercury which is known in ancient Indian literature as rasasindur (alias rasasindura, rasasindoor, rasasinduram, sindur, or sindoor and is used extensively in various ailments and diseases. Following various physico-chemical characterizations it is concluded that rasasindur is chemically pure α-HgS with Hg:S ratio as 1:1. Analysis of rasasindur vide Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM showed that the particles are in nanoscale. Bio-chemical studies of rasasindur were also demonstrated. It interacts with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA with an association constant of (9.76 ± 0.56 × 103 M−1 and behaves as a protease inhibitor by inhibiting the proteolysis of BSA by trypsin. It also showed mild antioxidant properties.

  15. Phénomènes pionniers et problèmes de frontières : quelques remarques en guise de conclusion

    OpenAIRE

    Dollfus, Olivier

    2014-01-01

    Phénomènes pionniers et problèmes de frontières dans la zone intertropicale ont retenu notre attention au cours de ces journées. Les auteurs des communications ont montré la diversité des situations selon les continents, les époques, les objectifs poursuivis : incorporation de « nouvelles » terres pour l’agriculture vivrière ou commerciale, exploitation de gisements miniers, mise en valeur de « sites touristiques », « remplissage humain » par occupation de zones vides ou faiblement peuplées e...

  16. The indigenous honey bees of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Apis mellifera jemenitica Ruttner): Their natural history and role in beekeeping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alqarni, Abdulaziz S; Hannan, Mohammed A; Owayss, Ayman A; Engel, Michael S

    2011-01-01

    Apis mellifera jemenitica Ruttner (= yemenitica auctorum: videEngel 1999) has been used in apiculture throughout the Arabian Peninsula since at least 2000 BC. Existing literature demonstrates that these populations are well adapted for the harsh extremes of the region. Populations of Apis mellifera jemenitica native to Saudi Arabia are far more heat tolerant than the standard races often imported from Europe. Central Saudi Arabia has the highest summer temperatures for the Arabian Peninsula, and it is in this region where only Apis mellifera jemenitica survives, while other subspecies fail to persist. The indigenous race of Saudi Arabia differs from other subspecies in the region in some morphological, biological, and behavioral characteristics. Further taxonomic investigation, as well as molecular studies, is needed in order to confirm whether the Saudi indigenous bee populations represent a race distinct from Apis mellifera jemenitica, or merely an ecotype of this subspecies.

  17. A Study of Fuel Economy Improvement in a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle using Engine on/off and Battery Charging Power Control Based on Driver Characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seulgi Lee

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, driving data for various types of drivers are collected using a VIDE (virtual integrated driving environment, and a driver model is developed. To represent the driver tendencies quantitatively, the DDA (degree of driver aggression is proposed based on fuzzy logic. DDA has a 0-1 value; the closer the DDA is to one, the more aggressive the driver. Using the DDA, an engine on/off and battery charging power control algorithm are developed to improve the fuel economy of a power-split-type plug-in hybrid electric vehicle. The engine on/off control reduces the frequent engine on/off caused by aggressive driving, whereas the battery charging power control maintains the battery state of charge (SOC by operating the engine according to the DDA. It is found that the proposed control algorithm improves fuel economy by 17.3% compared to the existing control for an aggressive driver.

  18. Sorbent Tube Sampling and an Automated Thermal Desorption System for Halocarbon Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Anwar Hossain Khan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Development and deployment of the analytical sys tem, ATD-GC-ECD has been established to monitor a suite of halogenated com pounds found in the atmosphere at trace concentrations. The instrument has been used to monitor urban back ground emission flux levels in Bristol, UK as well as Yellow stone National Park, USA and an in door rain forest (Wild Walk@Bristol, UK. The newly established sorbent tube sampling system is small and easily portable and has been used for large volume sample collection from remote areas. Auto mated Thermal Desorption (ATD provides routine atmospheric measurements with out cryogenic pre-concentration. The instrument provides good precision where the detection limit was _T_n3 pptv for the species of interest and the reproducibility was within 4% for all of the selected halocarbons. The results from two field experiments have also pro vided insight about natural missing sources of some ozone depleting halocarbons.

  19. The role of working memory in auditory selective attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Polly; Santangelo, Valerio; Spence, Charles

    2009-11-01

    A growing body of research now demonstrates that working memory plays an important role in controlling the extent to which irrelevant visual distractors are processed during visual selective attention tasks (e.g., Lavie, Hirst, De Fockert, & Viding, 2004). Recently, it has been shown that the successful selection of tactile information also depends on the availability of working memory (Dalton, Lavie, & Spence, 2009). Here, we investigate whether working memory plays a role in auditory selective attention. Participants focused their attention on short continuous bursts of white noise (targets) while attempting to ignore pulsed bursts of noise (distractors). Distractor interference in this auditory task, as measured in terms of the difference in performance between congruent and incongruent distractor trials, increased significantly under high (vs. low) load in a concurrent working-memory task. These results provide the first evidence demonstrating a causal role for working memory in reducing interference by irrelevant auditory distractors.

  20. Seeking 'energy' vs. pain relief in spas in Brazil (Caldas da Imperatriz) and Portugal (Termas da Sulfurea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintela, Maria Manuel

    2011-04-01

    This paper is a comparative ethnography of the therapeutic practices at two different spa locations: Caldas da Imperatriz, SC, Brazil, and Termas da Sulfurea in Cabeco de Vide, Portugal. The comparison reveals the existence of contrasting 'explanatory models' held by the spa-goers as well as by the official medical systems. In the Portuguese context this model is highly medicalized; in the Brazilian case, spa treatments are viewed as 'alternative' or 'complementary' therapy and are also related to religious philosophies. Each model corresponds to a different idiom expressing certain experiences and world views, one focusing on 'pains' (dores) and the other on 'energy' (energia), the former leading to the rationale of 'curing', the latter to the notion of 'energizing'. In this paper the author intends to analyze and contrast the categories found in these models, which originate from different conceptions of health, illness and healing for Brazilian and Portuguese spa-goers.

  1. La vie de Jésus-Christ, du Docteur Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Quinet

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Edgar Quinet est un de ces fils de la Révolution qui ont peur du vide.Lui qui sera dans le regret que la Révolution française n’ait pas su produire une religion nouvelle, découvre, effaré, les ruines de l’ancienne. Ce n’est pas qu’il crût, mais enfin, comme à ce vicaire savoyard dont il se méfiait, l’Évangile parlait à son cœur de fils de mère calviniste. Il y tenait comme à sa conscience morale. Et voici qu’un répétiteur de philosophie au séminaire protestant de Tübingen (Tubingue, ainsi qu’...

  2. Etude de la propagation des ondes sismiques dans les milieux fissurés : atténuation, anisotropie et migration de fluide induite par un séisme

    OpenAIRE

    Kelner, Sylvie

    1997-01-01

    La diffraction des ondes sismiques par des milieux fissurés en deux dimensions (2D) est étudiée par une méthode d'équations intégrales aux frontières où les fonctions de Green sont calculées par la méthode des nombres d'ondes discrets (DWBIEM: "Discrete Wavenumber Boundary Integral Equations Method"). Cette méthode semi-analytique est particulièrement bien adaptée aux problèmes de la propagation des ondes sismiques dans un milieu homogène contenant des fissures vides ou remplies de fluide. To...

  3. 6th International School of Mathematical Physics "Ettore Majorana"

    CERN Document Server

    Wightman, Arthur Strong

    1986-01-01

    The sixth Ettore Majorana International School of Mathematical Physics was held at the Centro della Cultura Scientifica Erice, Sicily, 1-14 July 1985. The present volume collects lecture notes on the ses­ sion which was devoted to Fundamental Problems of Gauge Field Theory. The School was a NATO Advanced Study Institute sponsored by the Italian Ministry of Public Education, the Italian Ministry of Scientific and Technological Research and the Regional Sicilian Government. As a result of the experimental and theoretical developments of the last two decades, gauge field theory, in one form or another, now pro­ vides the standard language for the description of Nature; QCD and the standard model of the electroweak interactions illustrate this point. It is a basic task of mathematical physics to provide a solid foundation for these developments by putting the theory in a physically transparent and mathematically rigorous form. The lectures and seminars of the school concentrated on the many unsolved pro...

  4. Influència de la disparitat binocular horitzontal de l'estímul i de la posició d'observació en la visió 3D simulada

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Martínez, Víctor

    2015-01-01

    Avui en dia, les projeccions audiovisuals en 3D estan entrant amb força a les nostres vides. Però, no tothom està preparat per suportar-les. Deixant de banda els problemes visuals que es tinguin per a poder veure-les, indagant en temes de visió binocular –com l’horòpter, l’espai de Panum o la convergència-, aquest treball intenta analitzar quina és la influència del valor de la disparitat binocular horitzontal per aconseguir una percepció fusionada i nítida d’estímuls projectats per obtenir v...

  5. Oui ou non. Le piège rhétorique du référendum

    OpenAIRE

    Pirat, Bertrand

    2009-01-01

    Le dualisme de la réponse, « oui ou non », s’impose à tous les acteurs prenant part à une consultation référendaire. Oui et non ne constituent pas pour autant des mots vides dans un contexte de lutte politique. L’analyse des slogans de campagne pour le référendum sur le Traité constitutionnel européen montre comment la mise en slogan des réponses référendaires contribue à imposer le sens politique des votes « oui » et « non » par la mobilisation ou la neutralisation des ethos attachés à oui e...

  6. Dynamic Load Allocation for Multi-homing via Coded Packets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pereira, Carlos; Aguiar, Ana; Roetter, Daniel Enrique Lucani

    2013-01-01

    This paper seeks to understand and characterize policies that exploit multiple available technologies and/or het- erogeneous communication routes simultaneously with the goal of improving throughput and energy performance or economi- cal costs. Such policies may be instrumental towards allowing...... improved services to mobile devices in converged networks. We present an optimization framework and a set of allocation policies to provide efficient, channel-aware load allocation for multi- homed devices under different cost criteria. Network coding is used as a key enabler of these techniques as coding...... available to each technology as part of the resource allocation optimization. Numerical results are pro- vided showing that dynamic allocation policies are instrumental to improving resource efficiency by reducing energy consumption and/or channel utilization. The energy gains of our proposed policies...

  7. Datu noliktavu projektējums mobilajām iekārtām

    OpenAIRE

    Grigore, Madara

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā „Datu noliktavu projektējums mobilajām iekārtām” tiek pētīti pētnieku piedāvātie risinājumi mobilas datu noliktavas izveidei. Darbā tiek izpētīts, kādas ir datu noliktavas pamata funkcijas, kas ir mobila vide, kas ir mobila BI un kādām īpašībām jāpiemīt iekrātai, lai to sauktu par mobilu iekārtu. Lasītāji tiek iepazīstināti ar trīs iespējamiem mobilas datu noliktas projektējumiem: Hand-OLAP, AMDB un FCLOS. Darba praktiskajā daļā tiek izmantotas MicroStrategy Desktop, Develop...

  8. Anvendeligheden af GIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winstrup, Mie; Levin, Gregor

    2011-01-01

    Fragmentering af naturen er en trussel mod biodiversiteten, og etablering af økologiske forbindelser/korridorer mellem naturområderne er én måde hvorved nedgangen i biodiversitet kan stoppes. Med Næstved Kommune som case-område har jeg undersøgt, hvordan analyser i GIS kan bruges til at udvælge...... omdannet til reelle korridorer, hvor bredden afhænger af arealdækket som forbindelserne krydser. I implementerings øjemed er det anvendeligt at vide om nogle forbindelser er særlig vigtige for at skabe mere sammenhængende natur. GIS er anvendeligt hertil, idet GIS kan bruges til at bestemme den enkelte...

  9. Etude de la désorption moléculaire induite par transitions électroniques dans les surfaces techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Le Pimpec, F

    2000-01-01

    L'étude des particules créées lors des collisions protons-protons à 7 TeV, qui se produiront dans le Large Hadron Collider (LHC), permettra aux physiciens des hautes énergies de mieux comprendre la structure de la matière et de notre univers. Pour construire une telle machine, de nouvelles technologies vont devoir être développées. Ces technologies nécessitent de mieux comprendre les problèmes physiques qui se produiront dans l'accélérateur. Un des problèmes est de s'assurer de la durée de vie des faisceaux. Celle-ci est directement liée au nombre de molécules présentes dans les chambres à vide..

  10. Signoles Aude, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, Toulouse, Editions Milan, 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Legrain

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les étroites limites imposées par la collection (absence totale de notes et de bibliographie, 112 p. en format réduit, le petit livre d’Aude Signoles, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, commence à combler un vide de l’édition française. Le seul livre jusque là disponible en français et entièrement consacré à Hamas remonte à 7 années maintenant ; doté de nombreuses erreurs factuelles et faisant comme si Hamas était apparu avec l’autonomie des années 1990, il ignorait tout de son passé d’Ass...

  11. Using prospect theory to investigate the low value of travel time for small time changes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Katrine; Fosgerau, Mogens

    A common finding in stated preference studies that measure the value of travel time (VTT), is that the measured per-minute VTT increases with the size of the time change considered, in conflict with standard neoclassical theory. The current paper tests prospect theory as a possible explanation...... time and money that pro- vide identification of the degrees of diminishing sensitivity for time and money gains and losses, thus enabling us to test and potentially falsify the prospect theory explanation. We apply a discrete choice model, in which choice depends on a reference-free value of travel......: More specifically, whether the phenomenon is generated by preferences being reference-dependent and exhibiting diminishing sensitivity for gains and losses, with a stronger degree of diminishing sensitivity for money than for travel time. We use stated preference data with trade-offs between travel...

  12. Rapid Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Explosive-Compound Classes on a Single Instrument via Flow-Injection Analysis Tandem Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-20

    criminal  forensics,  [11]  rapid  sample screening, [12,13,14,15] and trace‐evidence chem‐ ical  imaging [16,17,18]. Explosives detection has also  pro ...date,  FIA‐ MS/MS  has  been  used  for  rapid  quantitative  analysis  of  pharmaceuticals  [33],  pesticides   [34], environmental con‐ taminants...the literature reference listed  in the reference section of this paper.    As shown  in the Table 3 FIA ESI/APCI MSMS  pro ‐ vides quick and sensitive

  13. Povezanost sastavnica identiteta, svjesnosti o sebi i samomotrenja

    OpenAIRE

    Burušić, Josip

    2003-01-01

    Među ljudima je moguće pronaći postojane individualne razlike u stupnju važnosti koju daju privatnim odnosno javnim značajkama vlastitog identiteta. Neki vide privatna obilježja kao puno važnija, značajnija i kao točan pokazatelj onoga što oni jesu, dok drugi veću važnost polažu na javne, vidljive značajke. Navedene razlike odražavaju svojevrsnu orijentaciju u određenju identiteta koju je teorijski opisao Cheek (1989). U radu se razmatra odnos svjesnosti o sebi, samomotrenja i orijentacija na...

  14. FINGERPRINT MATCHING BASED ON PORE CENTROIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Malathi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent years there has been exponential growth in the use of bio- metrics for user authentication applications. Automated Fingerprint Identification systems have become popular tool in many security and law enforcement applications. Most of these systems rely on minutiae (ridge ending and bifurcation features. With the advancement in sensor technology, high resolution fingerprint images (1000 dpi pro- vide micro level of features (pores that have proven to be useful fea- tures for identification. In this paper, we propose a new strategy for fingerprint matching based on pores by reliably extracting the pore features The extraction of pores is done by Marker Controlled Wa- tershed segmentation method and the centroids of each pore are con- sidered as feature vectors for matching of two fingerprint images. Experimental results shows that the proposed method has better per- formance with lower false rates and higher accuracy.

  15. POUČEVANJE BESEDIŠČA ZA ODRASLE

    OpenAIRE

    Antonijević, Jasmina

    2013-01-01

    Namen diplomske naloge je osvetliti različne vidike vloge besedišča pri poučevanju angleškega jezika za odrasle. Za ponazoritev nekaterih načel v praksi sta v diplomski nalogi predstavljeni dve študiji primerov odraslih učencev, ki se učijo angleškega jezika v jezikovni šoli. Dolgo časa so slovnico videli kot glavno nalogo pri poučevanju tujega jezika. Obvladovanje slovničnih struktur je bil glavni cilj pri učenju tujega jezika. Ravno nasprotno je imelo poučevanje in učenje besedišča relat...

  16. A Novel Approach with Time-Splitting Spectral Technique for the Coupled Schrödinger–Boussinesq Equations Involving Riesz Fractional Derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha Ray, S.

    2017-09-01

    In the present paper the Riesz fractional coupled Schrödinger–Boussinesq (S-B) equations have been solved by the time-splitting Fourier spectral (TSFS) method. This proposed technique is utilized for discretizing the Schrödinger like equation and further, a pseudospectral discretization has been employed for the Boussinesq-like equation. Apart from that an implicit finite difference approach has also been proposed to compare the results with the solutions obtained from the time-splitting technique. Furthermore, the time-splitting method is proved to be unconditionally stable. The error norms along with the graphical solutions have also been presented here. Supported by NBHM, Mumbai, under Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India vide Grant No. 2/48(7)/2015/NBHM (R.P.)/R&D II/11403

  17. Désensorceler = Défaire et écarter le sort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Regourd

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous nous inscrivons ici dans le cadre d'une réflexion entamée par Constant Hamès et Alain Epelboin, à partir du cas du Sénégal, dans un article du Bulletin d'Études Orientales n°XLIV, 1992 (pp. 217-241, sur le pourquoi et le comment se débarrasser d'un talisman ? Pour notre part, à partir de pratiques relevées au Yémen, nous voudrions surtout mettre en évidence les points suivants : 1. défaire le sort (fakk al-sihr jeté par le biais d'un texte manuscrit ne le vide pas de toutes forc...

  18. Chessex ou comment placer Ramuz à côté des toilettes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Hélène Larochelle

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available À l’origine de cette réflexion se trouve un passage du roman L’ogre de Jacques Chessex : « Jean Calmet ferme la porte de la salle des maîtres et s’engage dans le corridor déjà désert où le buste de Ramuz, noir, sinistre, darde un œil vide sur le petit lavabo du Secrétariat ». Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz, reconnu comme un des pères fondateurs de la littérature suisse, est réduit à l’état de bibelot, gardien des toilettes d’un gymnase (ou lycée lausannois. Le portrait figé, placé dans une position...

  19. Colonna, Fanny, Récits de la province égyptienne. Une ethnographie sud/sud, Sinbad, Actes Sud, 2004, 486 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Aubin-Boltanski

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage s’inscrit dans un champ frontalier, à la fois littérature de déambulation et sociologie. Il est constitué par une longue série d’entretiens illustrés par des photographies en noir et blanc et s’achève par un « point de vue sociologique » d’une dizaine de pages. L’enquête s’est déroulée entre 1996 et 1997 dans la province égyptienne avec l’objectif de comprendre comment on y vit, comment on y pense et ainsi combler un vide dans la recherche qui s’intéresse peu aux marges. Dans le d...

  20. Projeto de extensão – o cinema como insumo no ensino e aprendizagem de língua estrangeira - inglês

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, Ana Carolina Nunes de; Anjos, Flaviane Souza e Silva dos; Costa, Cléria Maria da

    2013-01-01

    Para gerar a aquisição, a língua deve ser apresentada como gênero, construída na interação social (PAIVA, 2006). O recurso a filmes apresentar o viés crítico e pode ensejar a mudança de uma abordagem estruturalista para uma abordagem mais adequada às necessidades e possibilidades do contexto escolar específico (vide KUMARAVADIVELU 1994; LARSEN-FREEMAN, 2003; BROWN, 2002). Com isso, chega-se mais próximo do objetivo do ensino de línguas, o qual seja, capacitar o aprendiz a enfrentar e interpre...

  1. Ouvrages reçus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available HADOT, Ilsetraut et Pierre, Apprendre à philosopher dans l'Antiquité. L'enseignement du "Manuel d'Epictète" et son commentaire néoplatonicien, Paris, Librairie générale Française, "Le livre de poche", 2004, 219 p.LAKS, André, Le vide et la haine. Eléments pour une histoire archaïque de la négativité, Paris, PUF, "Libelles", 2004, 49 p.PLATON, Hippias mineur - Hippias majeur, traduction, introduction, notes et index J.-F. Balaudé, Paris, Librairie Générale Française, "Le livre de poche", 2...

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Arnauld, Marie-Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    Quel sujet d’étude plus actuel, en ces temps de globalisation, et plus disciplinaire de l’archéologie que celui de l’adoption et de l’adaptation ? Il fut un temps où le travail de l’archéologue consistait à construire, dans le vide d’un passé disparu, des « cultures » grosso modo situées dans la charte temporelle et la carte géographique, entre lesquelles le jeu consistait à détecter des influences et des diffusions par le biais des circulations de la culture matérielle. Que l’on ait pu ensui...

  3. Et Geriatrisk Akut Team på den Medicinske Modtagelse Mindsker Risikoen for Genindlæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekmann, Anette Addy; Nygaard, Hanne; Reichstein Wejse, Miriam

    . Litteraturen beskriver varierende effekt på genindlæggelse, men det vides ikke om implementering af et tværfagligt Geriatrisk Akut Teamet (GATE) på den Medicinske Modtage Afdeling (MMA) har effekt på genindlæggelse i målgruppen. Materiale og metode Studiet var designet som et cluster randomiseret kohortestudie...... tværfaglige og tværsektorielle samarbejdspartner, samt antallet af læger der tilså patienten under indlæggelsen på MMA (HR=1,85 CI 95%: 0,88-3,88). Konklusion Vi finder en signifikant positiv sammenhæng mellem GATE og genindlæggelse indenfor 30 dage og indikation af at resultatet kan tilskrives selve...

  4. Hélène Machinal. Conan Doyle, de Sherlock Holmes au Professeur Challenger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max DUPERRAY

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Hélène Machinal a publié sa thèse sur Conan Doyle en un ouvrage des Presses Universitaires de Rennes qui comblera un vide relatif en balayant la totalité de l’œuvre du père de Sherlock Holmes. Les différentes facettes de l’œuvre monumentale sont systématiquement explorées pour mettre en relief l’ultime cohérence de son traitement de l’imaginaire contextualisé dans une période de forte intensité spéculative. À l’instar de Stevenson ou d’H. G. Wells, en écho à Chesterton parfois, entre autres, ...

  5. La densité a-t-elle une influence sur les comportements sociaux ? Des échelles territoriales différentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Le Bras

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available L'idée de densité a sans doute précédé celle de population. Pour Jean Bodin dont on cite sans vergogne le célèbre "Il n'est de richesses que d'hommes", la densité indiquait à la fois la cause et le critère du fonctionnement de l'État. Pour Montesquieu elle épousait le régime politique : les Républiques étaient densément peuplées ; dans les Monarchies, la population se groupait au centre du pouvoir et à la frontière, laissant l'espace intermédiaire presque vide, et dans les tyrannies, la densi...

  6. Facebook Marketing - Fra A-Z

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Thomas Bøtker

    2009-01-01

    Facebook Marketing – Leverage Social Media to Grow Your Business af Steven Holzner er Facebook Marketing fra A-Z, som kan anbefales til virksomheder, som overvejer at bevæge sig ud i cyber space og afprøve mulighederne for at markedsføre sig dér. Bogen beskriver på hvilke væsentlige punkter...... marketing på Facebook adskiller sig fra traditionel marketing, og gennemgår trin for trin de fundamentale ting, som man skal vide for, at virksomheden kan agere med den tilsigtede effekt i et socialt netværk som Facebook. Og eftersom 34 % af den danske befolkning i dag er hoppet med på Facebook vognen og...... har oprettet en profil på Facebook, er potentialet åbenlyst....

  7. Neighborhood-Level LGBT Hate Crimes and Bullying Among Sexual Minority Youths: A Geospatial Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatzenbuehler, Mark L; Duncan, Dustin; Johnson, Renee

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate a novel measure of environmental risk factors for bullying among sexual minority youths. Data on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) assault hate crimes were obtained from police records, geocoded, and then linked to individual-level data on bullying and sexual orientation from the 2008 Boston Youth Survey Geospatial Dataset (N = 1,292; 108 sexual minorities). Results indicated that sexual minority youths who reported relational and electronic bullying were more likely to reside in neighborhoods with higher LGBT assault hate crime rates. There was no asso- ciation between LGBT assault hate crimes and bullying among heterosexual youths, pro- viding evidence for specificity to sexual minority youth. Moreover, no relationships were observed between sexual minority bullying and neighborhood-level violent and property crimes, indicating that the results were specific to LGBT assault hate crimes.

  8. Servera puses programmēšanas valodu atbalsts un izstrādes vižu instalēšana un konfigurēšana tīmekļa serverī

    OpenAIRE

    Polis, Jānis

    2011-01-01

    Kvalifikācijas darba tēma ir „Servera puses programmēšanas valodu atbalsts un izstrādes vižu instalēšana un konfigurēšana tīmekļa serverī”. Darba mērķis ir izveidot pilnvērtīgu tīmekļa servera prototipu, ko paredzēts izmantot vienas kompānijas ietvaros, kas atbalsta vairākas tīmekļa servera puses programmēšanas valodas un izstrādes vides, lai varētu veidot dažāda veida tīmekļa vietnes. Kā arī izstrādāt mājas lapu, kas reklamētu uzņēmuma produkciju. Šis serveris tiks veidots ...

  9. Heavy ion physics : Exhibition Lepton-Photon 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    High-energy Heavy Ion Physics studies strongly interacting matter at extreme energy densities.QCD predicts that at such densities hadronic matter turns into a plasma of deconfined quarks and gluons,the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP).Matter in the Universe must have existed in this state up to about 10 ms after the Big Bang.Today QGP might exist in the c re of neutron stars.The study of the phase diagram of matter is a new approach to investigate QCD at its natural scale,L QCD ,and to address the fundamental questions of confinement and chiral-symmetry breaking.The combined results obtained by the SPS heavy ion experiments,in particular those obtained with the Pb beam,pr vide compelling evidence for the existence of a new state of matter featuring many of the characteristics predicted for the QGP.The ALICE experiment will carry this research into the LHC era.

  10. ANTECEDENTES DEL ABASTECIMIENTO DE MADERA EN LA RIBERA DEL JÚCAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Izquierdo Aranda

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El abastecimiento de madera fue un aspecto fundamental en el Reino de Valencia en los siglos medievales. La amplia planicie del litoral y la escasez de bosques cercanos llevaron por un lado a desarrollar estrategias para su aprovisionamiento y por otro a impulsar medidas para garantizarlo. En este sentido, el Júcar y su afluente el Cabriel jugaron un importantísimo papel en el tráfico de troncos procedentes de las sierras de Cuenca. Asimismo, los territorios circundantes se convirtieron en áreas primordiales dentro del proceso. En este artículo analizaremos las tácticas empleadas desde época almorávide y las circunstancias en que se desarrolló la conducción de troncos por el Júcar tras la conquista.

  11. International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL: Promoting Science and Technology Librarianship in the Changing Library Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maitrayee Ghosh

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL has been in the forefront of providing leadership to information professionals and promoting science and Technology librarianship in today's changing library landscape. The present article is an attempt to comprehend the present status of IATUL and analyze the activities and contribution it has made to overcome the range of challenges facing by tertiary level Technological libraries throughout the world. The SWOT analysis method is used to assess the achievements of IATUL, failures and ascertain constraints being faced in this internet age. The author relied on web sites as well as ephemeral material such as minutes, annu- al reports, newsletters, and memoranda to construct this article. Meeting and Interview with IATUL present and past presidents and other office bearers of the associations provided useful sources of information. It is also attempted to pro- vide relevant information for those interested to join IATUL for professional development.

  12. Between Management and the Rule of Law: on the move towards a management model for the judiciary - Results from the project “Basic research into Court Management in Switzerland”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Lienhard

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The courts are the jewel of any state governed by the rule of law. Yet even the judi-cial system must modernise its methods of organisation and management if it is to guarantee sustainable jurisdiction. But how much management is itself sustainable within the judicial system? And what is the right way towards an optimized judicial system and well performing courts? An interdisciplinary research team from six uni-versities under the leadership of the Centre of Competence for Public Management at the University of Bern has considered this question in several dissertations and studies as part of a Swiss National Science Foundation project. This paper will pro-vide a reflection of the research work and future fields of research.

  13. Point 5 - civil engineering : surface site, SX, pit, buildings, PX

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    > de 00 :00 à 13 :15 le 06 janvier 2000 - vues extérieures du montage du bâtiment SX, du chantier, du puit PX dont le pourtour est congelé- installation des tubes de congélation du sol- bâtiments de la Cryogénie, avec mur anti-bruit- fond des puits creusement et évacuation des déblais > de 13 :17 à 17 :38 le 10 février 2000 - avancement du montage du SX - vues générales du chantier en surface > de 13 :40 à 24 :00 le 10 février 2000 - bâtiment SX vide, fin d’installation des ponts roulants - ferraillage de la dalle d’un bâtiment

  14. The indigenous honey bees of Saudi Arabia (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Apis mellifera jemenitica Ruttner: Their natural history and role in beekeeping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulaziz Alqarni

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Apis mellifera jemenitica Ruttner (= yemenitica auctorum: vide Engel 1999 has been used in apiculture throughout the Arabian Peninsula since at least 2000 BC. Existing literature demonstrates that these populations are well adapted for the harsh extremes of the region. Populations of A. m. jemenitica native to Saudi Arabia are far more heat tolerant than the standard races often imported from Europe. Central Saudi Arabia has the highest summer temperatures for the Arabian Peninsula, and it is in this region where only A. m. jemenitica survives, while other subspecies fail to persist. The indigenous race of Saudi Arabia differs from other subspecies in the region in some morphological, biological, and behavioral characteristics. Further taxonomic investigation, as well as molecular studies, is needed in order to confirm whether the Saudi indigenous bee populations represent a race distinct from A. m. jemenitica, or merely an ecotype of this subspecies.

  15. Marginalité et référence dans Le Dernier jour d’un condamné de Victor Hugo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudine Nédélec

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-être, en littérature, le référent est-il essentiellement lié à la marginalité (les frères Goncourt ne définissaient-ils pas l’écrivain comme un composé d’homme du monde et de criminel ?. Le référent ne pourrait-il pas en effet  être défini comme ce qui est en marge de la littérature, ou plus exactement comme ce qu’elle met dans ses marges ? Et tout dépend de la façon dont on conçoit les marges : soit on les voit faites de ce « vide papier que la blancheur défend », et il n’y a rien dans...

  16. Esquisse d’une théorie « alter-moderne » de la ville africaine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Chenal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Jérôme Chenal, « Un trottoir de Dakar » (© 2006. Disons le haut et fort, la ville africaine, de fait postcoloniale, est désormais alter-moderne et résolument urbaine ; bref, elle est une production contemporaine. Entre surfaces bitumées et poussière rouge, elle se densifie, comble ses vides, évacue son trop-plein de vie vers des périphéries terribles de pauvreté et de neutralité urbanistique et urbaine, objets kitch et bâclés, ou austères et misérables, posés au hasard ...

  17. ELABORATION ET CARACTERISATION DE SUPER-RESEAUX Fe/Ag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F CHEMAM

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Des super-réseaux Fe/Ag ont été déposés sur des substrats MgO(001 par la technique d'épitaxie par jet  moléculaire (MBE sous un vide de 10-10 Torr.   L'analyse in-situ à l'aide de la  diffraction d'électrons RHEED a montré que les couches de fer  déposées sur MgO(001 croissent suivant l'orientation par rapport à la direction du substrat et que les couches d'argent  croissent sur Fe suivant la relation épitaxiale Ag(001//Fe(001.

  18. Topology Optimization for Additive Manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Anders

    -portant AM-related manufacturing constraints are presented. These constraints are di-vided into directional and non-directional constraints. Non-directional constraints include minimum/uniform length scale and a cavity constraint. It is shown that modified filter boundary conditions are required in order...... microstructure for a material with programmable, nearly constant Poisson’s ratio for large deformations may be designed and fabricated using direct ink writing. Structures are generated for the full interval [−0.8, 0.8], all with uniform feature size and a continuous print path, ensuring the potential...... for scalable manufacturing. In relation to interface problems it is shown how a flexible void area may be included into a standard minimum compliance problem by employing an additional design variable field and a sensitivity filter. Furthermore, it is shown how the design of coated structures may be modeled...

  19. La technicisation de l’incertitude. Une réflexion à partir de la transformation du nord-est de la métropole parisienne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federica Gatta

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Les processus de métropolisation dans les contextes européens mettent au centre du débat l’évolution de la gouvernance des territoires et la densification des espaces périurbains. Les vides urbains, surtout post-industriels, leur gestion et leur reconversion sont au centre de ce débat et représentent l’un des majeurs laboratoires de la construction de la ville contem- poraine. En même temps les politiques de gouvernance et de densification ne cachent pas une forte ambiguïté entre aspirations sociales et impératifs économiques.

  20. Electrolytic nickel deposits upon uranium; Depot electrolytique de nickel sur l'uraniun

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baudin, G.; Chauvin, G.; Coriou, H.; Hure, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1958-07-01

    The authors present a new possibility to protect uranium by very adherent nickel deposits got by aqueous medium electrolysis. Surface treatment of uranium is based upon the chemical etching method from Lietazke. After thermal treatments at 600, 700 and 800 deg. C, under vacuum, a good intermetallic U-Ni diffusion is observed for each case. (author) [French] Les auteurs mettent en evidence une possibilite nouvelle de protection de l'uranium par des depots tres adherents de nickel realises par electrolyse en milieu aqueux. La preparation de surface de l'uranium est basee sur la methode du decapage chimique de Lietazke. Apres des traitements thermiques a 600, 700 et 800 deg. C, sous vide, on constate dans tous les cas une bonne diffusion intermetallique U-Ni. (auteur)

  1. An empirical review of lean manufacturing and their strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virender Chahal

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The theory of lean manufacturing provides the quality of the products in minimum cost and pro-vides customer satisfaction. Today, the competition level is very high and every industry tries to supply high quality products in nominal cost, so lean is the latest tool to achieve. The objective of this paper is to study different lean concepts under various lean strategies. This study helps to find out the status of lean manufacturing and its ways of implementation. Also in this paper, there is a discussion about lean manufacturing concept, lean waste, lean strategies, lean barriers and cycle of lean implementation. This paper presents a literature review to clear the status of lean manufacturing and their strategies with help of collection of relevant papers.

  2. Managing Normative Criteria in Action Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boulus-Rødje, Nina

    2014-01-01

    experiences from an action research project in a healthcare infrastructural setting. I use these experiences as a basis for appraising the normative crite- ria for rigor and relevance that are enacted in IS action research literature. I argue that while these criteria originally had important contributions......, there are also weaknesses with norma- tive approaches. Specifically, these norms of action research leave relatively little space for understanding and managing emerging empirical uncertainties. These norms are important because they have implications not only on how we conduct action research in practice...... frameworks found in some IS action research literature with a reflexive framework that encourages researchers to investigate critically how their methods are enacted and practiced in the field. The contribution of this paper lies in pro- viding a reflexive analysis of the situated and emergent challenges...

  3. Pattern recognition and string matching

    CERN Document Server

    Cheng, Xiuzhen

    2002-01-01

    The research and development of pattern recognition have proven to be of importance in science, technology, and human activity. Many useful concepts and tools from different disciplines have been employed in pattern recognition. Among them is string matching, which receives much theoretical and practical attention. String matching is also an important topic in combinatorial optimization. This book is devoted to recent advances in pattern recognition and string matching. It consists of twenty eight chapters written by different authors, addressing a broad range of topics such as those from classifica­ tion, matching, mining, feature selection, and applications. Each chapter is self-contained, and presents either novel methodological approaches or applications of existing theories and techniques. The aim, intent, and motivation for publishing this book is to pro­ vide a reference tool for the increasing number of readers who depend upon pattern recognition or string matching in some way. This includes student...

  4. José Luis de Rojas, Cambiar para que yo no cambie. La nobleza indígena en la Nueva España, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, México, sb Paradigma Indicial, serie Historia americana, 2010. 352 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Lesbre, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    José Luis de Rojas publie un ouvrage sur la noblesse indienne coloniale du Mexique qui vient combler un grand vide, ces thématiques ayant été délaissées pendant plusieurs décennies jusqu’aux récents travaux de Margarita Menegus Bornemann, Felipe Castro au Mexique ou des chercheurs nord-américains. Son étude se divise en dix chapitres qui s’intéressent tour à tour à la situation préhispanique, au début de la Nouvelle Espagne, aux élites coloniales, à la transmission de la noblesse, au pouvoir ...

  5. FNCS: A Framework for Power System and Communication Networks Co-Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciraci, Selim; Daily, Jeffrey A.; Fuller, Jason C.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Agarwal, Khushbu

    2014-04-13

    This paper describes the Fenix framework that uses a federated approach for integrating power grid and communication network simulators. Compared existing approaches, Fenix al- lows co-simulation of both transmission and distribution level power grid simulators with the communication network sim- ulator. To reduce the performance overhead of time synchro- nization, Fenix utilizes optimistic synchronization strategies that make speculative decisions about when the simulators are going to exchange messages. GridLAB-D (a distribution simulator), PowerFlow (a transmission simulator), and ns-3 (a telecommunication simulator) are integrated with the frame- work and are used to illustrate the enhanced performance pro- vided by speculative multi-threading on a smart grid applica- tion. Our speculative multi-threading approach achieved on average 20% improvement over the existing synchronization methods

  6. OSIRIS Measurements of Stratospheric Aerosol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourassa, Adam; Degenstein, Doug; Llewellyn, Edward J.

    The Canadian built OSIRIS instrument, currently in operation on the Swedish Odin satel-lite, has collected over nine years of limb radiance spectra at UV, visible and near infrared wavelengths. These measurements are used to retrieve vertical profiles of stratospheric aerosol extinction. The relatively high horizontal sampling of the limb scatter technique, which pro-vides nearly global coverage, combined with the almost decade long duration of the mission, makes this an increasingly useful and important data set. This work shows comparisons with coincident measurements and highlights the features of the OSIRIS stratospheric aerosol data product including the potential for studies of long term trends, stratospheric dynamics, and the effect of recent volcanic eruptions on climate.

  7. Managing Normative Criteria in Action Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boulus-Rødje, Nina

    2014-01-01

    experiences from an action research project in a healthcare infrastructural setting. I use these experiences as a basis for appraising the normative crite- ria for rigor and relevance that are enacted in IS action research literature. I argue that while these criteria originally had important contributions...... frameworks found in some IS action research literature with a reflexive framework that encourages researchers to investigate critically how their methods are enacted and practiced in the field. The contribution of this paper lies in pro- viding a reflexive analysis of the situated and emergent challenges......A much revisited question within the field of Information Systems is how research- ers can intervene in the context of large-scale, complex and heterogeneous information in- frastructures, while ensuring impact on field settings. To explore this question, I draw upon my interventions and fieldwork...

  8. A macroscopic relationship for preferential flow in the vadose zone: Theory and Validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, H.H.; Zhang, R.D.

    2010-02-15

    Preferential flow commonly observed in unsaturated soils allows rapid movement of solute from the ground surface or vadose zone to the groundwater, bypassing a significant volume of unsaturated soil and increasing the risk of groundwater contamination. A variety of evidence indicates that complex preferential flow patterns observed from fields are fractals. This paper discusses a macroscopic rela-tionship for modeling preferential flow in the vadose zone. Conceptually, the flow domain can be di-vided into active and inactive regions. Flow occurs preferentially in the active region (characterized by fractals), and inactive region is simply bypassed. The portion of the active region was found to be a power function of saturation. The validity of this macroscopic relationship is demonstrated by its consistency with field observations and the related numerical experiments.

  9. Physics potential of ATLAS upgrades at HL-LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Testa, Marianna; The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The High Luminosity-Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) is expected to start in 2026 and to pro- vide an integrated luminosity of 3000 fb−1 in ten years, a factor 10 more than what will be collected by 2023. This high statistics will allow ATLAS to perform precise measurements in the Higgs sector and improve searches for new physics at the TeV scale. The luminosity needed is L ∼ 7.51034 cm−2 s−1, corresponding to ∼200 additional proton-proton pile- up interactions. To face such harsh environment some sub-detectors of the ATLAS experiment will be upgraded or completely substituted. The performances of the new or upgraded ATLAS sub-detectors are presented, focusing in particular on the new inner tracker and a proposed high granularity time device. The impact of those upgrades on crucial physics measurements for HL-LHC program is also shown.

  10. Teoria de curvas para métricas não-euclidianas.

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, Fábio Silva

    2010-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao Instituto de Matemática, Estatística e Computação Científica, Unicamp, como requisito parcial para obtenção do título de Mestre em Matemática. A teoria local de curvas da Geometria Diferencial no plano e no espaço euclidiano é bem conhecida (vide referências como [4] e [13]). Este trabalho consiste de uma generalização desta teoria usando métricas arbitrárias. Tal generalização é feita substituindo a matriz identidade que define o produto interno usua...

  11. Influence de la composition chimique et de la microstructure sur le dégazage de l'hydrogène des aciers inoxydables austénitiques destinés à l'ultravide

    CERN Document Server

    Reinert, Marie-Pierre

    Dans les installations métalliques sous ultravide, l'hydrogène est le principal constituant de l'atmosphère résiduelle. Le flux de dégazage d'une tôle en acier inoxydable austénitique, matériau fréquemment utilisé en technologie du vide, après un étuvage sous vide, est typiquement de quelques 10-12 Torr.1/cm2.s, et est constitué principalement d'hydrogène. Dans le cadre de cette étude, un appareillage de thermodésorption sous ultravide a été conçu et mis au point pour étudier les phénomènes d'adsorption, de diffusion et de piégeage de l'hydrogène résiduel dans les aciers inoxydables austénitiques. Différents aciers ont été étudiés: l'acier 316L (avec trois modes d'élaboration différents), l'acier 316LN et d'autres aciers stabilisés au titane ou au niobium. La microstructure et la couche d'oxyde de ces aciers ont été caractérisées à l'état de réception et pendant les cycles de thermodésorption. Pendant un cycle de thermodésorption, les principales espèces désorbées...

  12. The effects of packaging method (vacuum pouch vs. plastic tray) on spoilage in a cook-chill pork-based dish kept under refrigeration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, Pedro; Garrido, María Dolores; Bañón, Sancho

    2010-03-01

    The effects of two packaging methods on the spoilage of a cook-chill pork-based dish kept under refrigeration were studied. Raw pork cuts and pre-cooked tomato sauce were packed under vacuum "sous vide" in polyamide-polypropylene pouches (SV) or into translucent polypropylene trays under modified atmosphere (80% N(2)+20% CO(2)) and sealed with a top film (PT). Samples were cooked inside the pack at an oven temperature/time of 70 degrees C/7h, chilled at 3 degrees C and stored at 2 degrees C for up to 90days. Microbial (psychrotrophs, lactic-acid bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, moulds and yeasts), physical-chemical (pH, water activity and total acidity) and sensory (colour, odour, flavour, texture and acceptance) parameters were determined. Heat penetration was faster in SV (2 degrees C/min) than in PT (1 degrees C/min) (core temperature). Both packaging methods were equally effective in protecting against microbial spoilage for 90 day at 2 degrees C. Minor counts were only detected for lactic-acid bacteria and anaerobic psychrotrophs in SV. No Enterobacteriaceae growth was found. Slight differences between SV and PT in pH and total acidity were observed. SV and PT had similar effects on the sensory preservation of the dishes. A gradual loss of acceptance of the cooked pork and tomato sauce was observed. Rancid flavour in PT and warmed-over-flavour in SV were noted in the final stages of storage. According to acceptance scores, the shelf-life of both SV and PT was 56 days at 2 degrees C. Both packaging methods can be used to manufacture sous vide meat-based dishes subsequently stored under refrigeration for catering use. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Narečie postepeno kak leksičeskij kvantifikator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristić Stana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available (ruski V rabote na osnove analiza primerov upotreblenija narečija postepeno vyjavljajutsja ego obščie harakteristiki i opredeljajutsja grammatičesko-semantičeskie uslovija realizacii ego značenija i funkcii. Narečie postepeno otneseno k polnost'ju pragmatičeskim kvantifikatoram partitivno-distributivnogo tipa, pri ëtom ego partitivnost' organizovana v sootvetstvii s kriteriem vremennój linearnosti. Svojstva partitivnosti distributivnosti i sukcessivnosti, vyražennye u narečija postepeno predstavljajut soboj ingerentnuju harakteristiku složnoj situacii, kotoraja zapolnjaet semantičeskuju valentnost' dannogo odnomestnogo predikata. Rasčlenennost' složnoj situacii, kak neobhodimoe uslovie upotreblenija dannogo narečija, možet byt' realizovana v vide predikativnogo soderžanija i / ili v vide soderžanija argumentov predikata. Vozmožnost' zapolnenija semantičeskoj i sintaksičeskoj valentnosti predikata i / ili semantičeskoj valentnosti ego argumentov osuščestvljaetsja na osnove semantičeskih pravil dvuh tipov, kotorymi opredeljaetsja sfera dejstvija netrivial'nyh značenij narečija postepeno i ego grammatičesko-semantičeskaja sočetaemost'. Različnye grammatičesko-semantičeskie uslovija realizacii ego značenija i funkcii vyjavlennye v rabote, predstavleny v prilagaemoj tablice kak varianty osnovnyh tipov, obuslovlennyh obščimi grammatičeskimi imennymi i glagol'nymi kategorijami, takimi, kak množestvennost' / sobiratel'nost', edinstvennoe čislo i nesoveršennyj vid, soveršennyj vid.

  14. REFORMA EKONOMIJE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Stiglitz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Dosta je krivice koja se deli u ovoj krizi. Videli smo ulogu regulatornih tela i zakonodavaca, FED-a i finansijera, svih njih koji su bili u igri. Svako od njih je govorio o svom interesu zauzimajući stav da su bili u pravu za ono što su radili a veoma često zasnivajući svoje stavove na ekonomskoj analizi. Kada počne raslojavanje pitanja šta je pošlo naopako ne može se izostaviti fokus sa ekonomske profesije. Naravno, nisu se svi ekonomisti pridružili slavi slobodnog ekonomskog tržišta i nisu svi bili sledbenici Miltona Fridmana. Iznenađujuće je što je ipak, veliki deo bio naklonjen tom pravcu. Ne samo da je njihov savet bio pogrešan već su bile pogrešne i osnovne pretpostavke i predviđanja. Relativno mali broj njih je mogao da vidi nadolazeću katastrofu. Nije bilo slučajno da su oni, koji su se zalagali za pravila koja su dovela do nesreće, bili toliko zaslepljeni svojom verom u slobodno tržište te nisu mogli da vide probleme koji nastaju. Ekonomija se promenila više nego što su to ekonomisti želeli da veruju, do te mere da je od naučne discipline postala navijačica discipline slobodnog tržišta. Ako SAD želi da uspe u reformi privrede, moraće da počne sa reformom ekonomije.

  15. Latvian Waste Management Modelling in View of Environmental Impact Reduction / Latvijas Atkritumu SAIMNIECĪBAS ATTĪSTĪBA un TĀS RADĪTĀS Ietekmes UZ Vidi SAMAZINĀŠANAS MODELĒŠANA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teibe, I.; Bendere, R.; Arina, D.

    2013-12-01

    In the work, the life-cycle assessment approach is applied to the planning of waste management development in a seaside region (Piejūra) using the Waste Management Planning System (WAMPS) program. In Latvia, the measures to be taken for the climate change mitigation are of utmost importance - especially as related to the WM performance, since a disposal of biodegradable waste presents the primary source of GHG emissions. To reduce the amount of such waste is therefore one of the most significant goals in the State WM plan for 2013-2020, whose adoption is the greatest challenge for municipalities. The authors analyse seven models which involve widely employed biomass processing methods, are based on experimental data and intended for minimising the direct disposal of organic mass at the solid waste landfills. The numerical results obtained evidence that the thermal or biotechnological treatment of organic waste substantially reduces the negative environmental impact of WM practices - by up to 6% as compared with the currently existing. Klimata pārmaiņu samazināšanas pasākumi Latvijā atkritumu saimniecības sektorā ir īpaši svarīgi. jo bioloģiski sadalāmo atkritumu apglabāšana ir viens no būtiskākajiem SEG emisiju avotiem valstī. Pētījumā modelēti virkne sadzīves atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļi. kas ietver plašāk izmantotās biomasas pārstrādes metodes un samazina tiešu organiskās masas apglabāšanu cieto sadzīves atkritumu poligonos. Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas modeļu radītās vides ietekmes novērtēšanai izmantota WAMPS (Waste Management Planning System) programma, kas balstīta uz atkritumu apsaimniekošanas procesu dzīves cikla novērtējumu vienā no desmit Latvijas atkritumu apsaimniekošanas reģioniem - Piejūra. Iegūtie kvantitatīvie rezultāti norāda. ka organiskās atkritumu masas pārstrāde un stabilizēšana, izmantojot biotehnoloģijas vai termisko pārstrādi, būtiski samazina atkritumu apsaimniekošanas rad

  16. Interleukin-1 Gene Cluster Polymorphisms and Their Association with Coronary Artery Disease: Separate Evidences from the Largest Case-Control Study amongst North Indians and an Updated Meta-Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himanshu Rai

    Full Text Available Several researchers have reported significant association of numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs residing in the interleukin-1 (IL-1 gene cluster with coronary artery disease (CAD. However, their association status amongst North Indian ancestry (NIA have never been systematically assessed. Despite a published meta-analysis on this subject, their association status worldwide as well as amongst different major ancestral subgroups still remains unclear. We therefore decided to prospectively test the association of 11 IL-1 gene cluster SNPs with CAD, vide a case-control study amongst a cohort of NIA and attempted to validate our results with the help of an updated meta-analysis of all relevant published association studies. Included studies were segregated into ancestral subgroups and association statuses for each subgroup were determined. A total of 323 cases and 400 healthy, age and sex matched controls belonging to NIA were prospectively enrolled and subsequently genotyped for 11 selected IL-1 gene cluster SNPs. Although results for none of the evaluated IL-1 gene cluster SNPs reached the adjusted level of significance (pT and IL1RN 86bp VNTR in several of the constructed genetic models (p range = 0.01-0.044 and 0.005-0.034 respectively. The presence of >1, 'T' (minor allele of IL1B -511 C>T in a genotype seemed to provide protection against CAD (OR = 0.62, p = 0.044, while the presence of >1, 'C' (major allele seemed to increase the risk of CAD (OR = 1.36, p = 0.041. The minor allele (allele 2 of IL1RN 86bp VNTR and its homozygous genotype (2/2 genotype also seemed to carry an increased risk for CAD (OR = 1.62, p = 0.005 and OR = 2.25, p = 0.031 respectively. On the other hand, several haplotype combinations constructed out of IL1B and IL1RN gene variants clearly showed statistically significant associations with CAD (p0.05. Subgroup analysis, however, yielded interesting results, where significant differences in association statuses

  17. Interleukin-1 Gene Cluster Polymorphisms and Their Association with Coronary Artery Disease: Separate Evidences from the Largest Case-Control Study amongst North Indians and an Updated Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Nakul; Kumar, Sudeep; Sharma, Ajay Kumar; Agrawal, Suraksha

    2016-01-01

    Several researchers have reported significant association of numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) residing in the interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene cluster with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, their association status amongst North Indian ancestry (NIA) have never been systematically assessed. Despite a published meta-analysis on this subject, their association status worldwide as well as amongst different major ancestral subgroups still remains unclear. We therefore decided to prospectively test the association of 11 IL-1 gene cluster SNPs with CAD, vide a case-control study amongst a cohort of NIA and attempted to validate our results with the help of an updated meta-analysis of all relevant published association studies. Included studies were segregated into ancestral subgroups and association statuses for each subgroup were determined. A total of 323 cases and 400 healthy, age and sex matched controls belonging to NIA were prospectively enrolled and subsequently genotyped for 11 selected IL-1 gene cluster SNPs. Although results for none of the evaluated IL-1 gene cluster SNPs reached the adjusted level of significance (pT and IL1RN 86bp VNTR in several of the constructed genetic models (p range = 0.01–0.044 and 0.005–0.034 respectively). The presence of >1, ‘T’ (minor) allele of IL1B -511 C>T in a genotype seemed to provide protection against CAD (OR = 0.62, p = 0.044), while the presence of >1, ‘C’ (major) allele seemed to increase the risk of CAD (OR = 1.36, p = 0.041). The minor allele (allele 2) of IL1RN 86bp VNTR and its homozygous genotype (2/2 genotype) also seemed to carry an increased risk for CAD (OR = 1.62, p = 0.005 and OR = 2.25, p = 0.031 respectively). On the other hand, several haplotype combinations constructed out of IL1B and IL1RN gene variants clearly showed statistically significant associations with CAD (p0.05). Subgroup analysis, however, yielded interesting results, where significant differences in association

  18. Mapping molecular motions leading to charge delocalization with ultrabright electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sciaini, German

    2014-05-01

    relevant to chemistry and biology. For more information vide-infra Gao et al., Funding for this project was provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canada Foundation for Innovation and Grant Agencies in Japan, vide infra Nature reference for more details.

  19. An Efficient Rapid Warning System For Earthquakes In The European-mediterranean Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossu, R.; Mazet-Roux, G.; di Giovambattista, R.; Tome, M.

    Every year a few damaging earthquakes occur in the European-Mediterranean region. It is therefore indispensable to operate a real-time warning system in order to pro- vide rapidly reliable estimates of the location, depth and magnitude of these seismic events. In order to provide this information in a timely manner both to the scientific community and to the European and national authorities dealing with natural hazards and relief organisation, the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) has federated a network of seismic networks exchanging their data in quasi real-time. Today, thanks to the Internet, the EMSC receives real-time information about earth- quakes from about thirty seismological institutes. As soon as data reach the EMSC, they are displayed on the EMSC Web pages (www.emsc-csem.org). A seismic alert is generated for any potentially damaging earthquake in the European-Mediterranean re- gion, potentially damaging earthquakes being defined as seismic events of magnitude 5 or more. The warning system automatically issues a message to the duty seismolo- gist mobile phone and pager. The seismologist log in to the EMSC computers using a laptop PC and relocates the earthquake by processing together all information pro- vided by the networks. The new location and magnitude are then send, by fax, telex, and email, within one hour following the earthquake occurrence, to national and inter- national organisations whose activities are related to seismic risks, and to the EMSC members. The EMSC rapid warning system has been fully operational for more than 4 years. Its distributed architecture has proved to be an efficient and reliable way for the monitoring of potentially damaging earthquakes. Furthermore, if a major problem disrupts the operational system more than 30 minutes, the duty is taken, over either by the Instituto Geografico National in Spain or by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica in Italy. The EMSC operational centre, located at the

  20. Decontamination by fractional distillation of a radioactive mixture of perchlorethylene, bitumen, and sludges from chemical co-precipitations; Decontamination par distillation fractionnee d'un melange radioactif constitue par du perchlorethylene, du bitume et des boues de coprecipitation chimique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefillatre, G.; Hullo, R. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Chusclan (France). Centre de Production de Plutonium de Marcoule

    1969-07-01

    conditionnement du residu de distillation. La chaudiere chauffee electriquement dispose d'un fond amovible constitue par un pot perdu. Le facteur de decontamination de l'installation est de 3,4 10{sup 6} en operant avec des solvants d'une activite specifique de 0,23 Ci/m{sup 3}. Le debit moyen d'une operation de distillation est de 10 l/h sous pression atmospherique et de 21 l/h sous un vide residuel de 40 torr. Le facteur de decontamination de l'installation est meilleur sous pression atmospherique que sous vide. (auteur)

  1. Gesta Roderici: El Cid en la historiografía latina medieval del siglo XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier PEÑA PÉREZ

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La memoria histórica de Rodrigo Díaz estuvo a punto de perderse tras la pérdida de Valencia a manos de los almorávides y el declive posterior del imperio levantado por éstos. Pero la llegada a la Península Ibérica de los almohades y su agresividad progresiva contra los cristianos del norte hispano desde medidos del siglo xii reavivó los recuerdos del pasado almorávide y de su verdugo más exitoso: el Cid Campeador, creando con ello las condiciones para que la memoria cidiana resurgiera de sus cenizas con renovado brío, aunque sensiblemente estilizada. Dadas las condiciones, los cronistas se ponen manos a la obra, allí donde los recuerdos del caballero castellano pudieron guardarse con más esmero: la corte Navarra, a finales del xii, y el monasterio de Cardeña, en el siglo siguiente.La mémoire historique de Rodrigo Díaz fut sur le point de se perdre en raison de la conquête de Valence par les Almoravides puis du déclin de l'empire érigé par ces derniers. Mais l'arrivée dans la péninsule ibérique des Almohades, ainsi que leur progressive agressivité envers les chrétiens du nord hispanique à partir du XIIè siècle, raviva les souvenirs du passé almoravide et de son plus célèbre ennemi, le Cid Campeador, créant ainsi les conditions nécessaires pour que renaisse de ses cendres la mémoire populaire relative au Cid, et ce avec une vigueur nouvelle, bien que considérablement stylisée. Étant donné ces conditions, les chroniqueurs se sont mis au travail, là où les souvenirs du chevalier castillan avaient pu être conservés avec le plus de soin : la cour de Navarre, à la fin du XIIe siècle, et le monastère de Cardeña, au siècle suivant.

  2. Le thérapeutique et le médical. Du soucie-toi de toi-même au connais-toi toi-même

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Gori

    Full Text Available Dans les philosophies antiques et chrétiennes le “souci de soi” (Michel Foucault prescrit que le sujet doit se transformer dans son être pour être capable de vérité et donc apte à la connaissance. Il faut être le thérapeute de soi-même pour accéder véritablement à la connaissance de la vérité. Or notre conception moderne du savoir suppose que toute connaissance impliquant le sujet se révèle non scientifique et se trouve disqualifiée dans sa rationalité et progressivement dans son éthique en tant que guide des conduites humaines. Cette désintrication des régions de la connaissance et de celles du “souci de soi” et du sujet éthique produit un espace vide, un déficit tel que la Science, avec l’aide du Droit, va tenter de combler avec par exemple les modèles réductionnistes, “homme neuronal” ou plus récemment “homme comportemental” allant de pair avec le DSM et les TCC. Rétablir dans ses droits le souci de soi éviterait les dangers de cette passion de l’ordre qui normalise les comportements en les rendant conformes aux normes sociales et éthiques en vigueur.

  3. Savvaļas medījamo dzīvnieku audzēšanas nebrīvē pārvaldības modelis Sēlijas virsmežniecībā

    OpenAIRE

    Bārzdiņš, Andris

    2010-01-01

    Pašreiz savvaļas medījamo dzīvnieku audzēšana nebrīvē tiek popularizēta kā netradicionālā lauksaimniecība. Ilgstošā pasaules pieredze savvaļas medījamo dzīvnieku audzēšanai nebrīvē, balstoties uz zinātniski un ekonomiski pamatotiem, nosacījumiem var pastāvēt tikai saskaņā ar ilgtspējīgas vidi nedegradējošas attīstības principiem. Briežkopības nozarē izteikti operē 2 lielas mērķa grupas: uzņēmēji, valsts (vides, zemkopības, mežu un iekšlietu) iestādes. Darba ietvaros tiek noskaidrots iesai...

  4. No platformas neatkarīgu mobilo lietotņu izstrāde ar rīku Apache Cordova

    OpenAIRE

    Zīmecs, Kristers

    2015-01-01

    Lai ar mobilo lietotņu palīdzību piesaistītu lielāku lietotāju skaitu, izstrādātājiem ir jāapgūst vairākas programmēšanas valodas un izstrādes vides. Apache Cordova projekts ir viens no populārākajiem no platformas neatkarīgu lietotņu izstrādes rīkiem un ļauj izstrādātājiem izstrādāt mobilās lietotnes vairākām mobilajām platformām, izmantojot plaši pielietotas tīmekļa tehnoloģijas – HTML, CSS un JavaScript. Galvenais darba mērķis ir izpētīt rīka Apache Cordova piedāvātās iespējas, noskaidr...

  5. Savannah River Plant, Project 8980: Engineering and design history of power and electrical facilities. Volume 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1957-01-01

    This section of the Engineering-and Design History presents a comprehensive account of the planning and extensive evaluation of the problems involved in reaching basic decisions for the design and installation of power facilities at the Savannah River Plant. The problems were complicated by the urgency of Pro. viding early start-up of facilities at a time when critical material shortages were acute, combined with basic requirements for reliable operation and unusual degrees of flexibility to meet a variety of production demands. Part I describes in detail the steam and water facilities, alternative schemes, and other considerations which were evaluated as a prelude to the final design of equipment and facilities. Included are discussions relating to steam boiler installations, electric power generation, diesel engine plants, mater supply for cooling, process and domestic use, and the numerous water treatment procedures employed for specific application. A comprehensive description of the development and design of electric power facilities is presented in Part II of this volume.

  6. Décès - Jean-Pierre Maître - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    C'est avec une grande consternation que nous avons appris le décès de notre collègue et ami Jean-Pierre Maître, âgé de 54 ans, suite à une grave maladie. Jean-Pierre était un fidèle collaborateur de la section Maintenance-machines-outils depuis 1994 comme responsable d'équipe d'intervention. Dynamique et aimable, il était reconnu pour ses compétences et son professionnalisme. Mais, plus encore, son sourire et sa disponibilité faisait de lui un collègue unanimement apprécié. Il laisse un grand vide et va nous manquer à tous. Nous nous associons au deuil de sa famille et de tous ses amis, avec une pensée particulière pour son épouse, ses enfants et petits-enfants. Ses collègues dans la peine

  7. Innovative start-ups and young entrepreneurs: Definition of venturem capital and findings from Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Zaby

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate success factors of innovative start-up firms from the perspective of young start-up managers. Which key factors did they experience before and since the foundation of their company? The experience from the quite young Swiss start-up scene pro-vides important insights to entrepreneurs and policy-makers in emerging countries that cur-rently face the necessity of building up a start-up environment. One part of the data has been collected by the author, the other part originates from the Swiss Venture Capital Database (total sample size: 306. The results show a significant role of venture capital financing for the success of innovative start-ups. Interestingly, this is to some extent because the start-ups see various additional benefits from venture capitalists involved in their firm. Thus, the findings shed new light on a proper definition of venture capital that should not solely focus on the flow of funds.

  8. The thin layer technique and its application to electron microscopy; La technique des couches minces et son application a la microscopie electronique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranc, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-10-15

    This work deals with the technique of thin layers obtained by evaporation under vacuum, in the thickness range extending from a few monoatomic layers to several hundred angstroms. The great theoretical and practical interest of these layers has, it is well known, given rise to many investigations from Faraday onwards. Within the necessarily restricted limits of this study, we shall approach the problem more particularly from the point of view of: - their production; - their use in electron microscopy. A critical appraisal is made, in the light of present-day knowledge, based on our personal experience and on an extensive bibliography which we have collected on the subject. (author) [French] Le present travail concerne la technique des couches minces obtenues par evaporation sous vide, dans le domaine d'epaisseur qui s'etend de quelques couches monoatomiques a plusieurs centaines d'angstroms. L'interet theorique et pratique considerable de ces couches a suscite, comme on sait, de nombreux travaux depuis Faraday. Dans le cadre necessairement restreint de cette these, nous aborderons plus particulierement le point de vue de: - leur obtention; - leur utilisation en microscopie electronique. Il s'agit d'une mise au point critique, a la lumiere des connaissances actuelles, appuyee sur notre experience personnelle et sur une importante bibliographie, qu'il nous a ete donne de reunir a ce sujet. (auteur)

  9. Situated Dialogue and Spatial Organization: What, Where and Why?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrik I. Christensen

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an HRI architecture for human-augmented mapping, which has been implemented and tested on an autonomous mobile robotic platform. Through interaction with a human, the robot can augment its autonomously acquired metric map with qualitative information about locations and objects in the environ- ment. The system implements various interaction strategies observed in independently performed Wizard-of-Oz studies. The paper discusses an ontology-based approach to multi-layered conceptual spatial mapping that pro- vides a common ground for human-robot dialogue. This is achieved by combining acquired knowledge with innate conceptual commonsense knowledge in order to infer new knowledge. The architecture bridges the gap between the rich semantic representations of the meaning expressed by verbal utterances on the one hand and the robot?s internal sensor-based world representation on the other. It is thus possible to establish references to spatial areas in a situated dialogue between a human and a robot about their environment. The resulting conceptual descrip- tions represent qualitative knowledge about locations in the environment that can serve as a basis for achieving a notion of situational awareness.

  10. Sui pronomi personali di prima e seconda persona plurale in italiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosanna Sornicola

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Nella sua fondamentale Grammatica storica dell'italiano Tekavčić accoglie come spiegazione delle forme pronominali italiane noi, voi una trafila che parte dalle forme nominativo-accusative latine NŌS, VŌS ed esibisce un successivo sviluppo fonetico caratteristico dei monosillabi con uscita in -s, ovvero /si-> /y/. La tesi di una evoluzione di /s/ in posizione finale in /y/, nell'area che include toscano, dialetti italiani centro-meridionali e balcano-romanzo (veglioto, romeno era già stata avanzata da Reichenkron (1939. In tale area sia parole monosillabiche che polisillabiche presenterebbero questo sviluppo. Ad esemplificare le prime sono chiamate in causa forme come rom. e it. dai < DAS, rom. e it. stai < STAS, rom. e it. poi < POS ( < POST, it. centr. e merid. crai < CRAS, it. merid. ccuy e it. più < PLUS, rom. e it. merid. trei < TRES, oltre per l'appunto, alle forme pronominali rom., vegl. e it. noi < NOS e voi < VOS. Nei polisillabi questo sviluppo si mostrerebbe con minore evidenza, perché qui /y / si sarebbe fusa con la vocale atona precedente, o sarebbe caduta: si pensi all'it. ant. cante (it. mod canti, tosc. sett. canta, rom. cânţi < CANTAS; it. vedi, rom. vezi < VIDES, e così via.

  11. Race and nation in the Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiel Baud

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Coloring the Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. DAVID HOWARD. Oxford: Signal; Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2001. x + 227 pp. (Paper US$ 19.95 Race and Politics in the Dominican Republic. ERNESTO SAGAS. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xii + 161 pp. (Cloth US$ 49.95, Paper US$ 24.95 Peasants and Religion: A Socioeconomic Study of Dios Olivorio and the Palma Sola Movement in the Dominican Republic. JAN LUNDIUS & MATS LUNDAHL. London: Routledge, 2000. xxvi + 774 pp. (Cloth US$ 135.00 The social and political relations between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and especially their racial and ethnic contents, are extremely difficult to approach in an even- handed and unbiased way. Much ink has been spilled over the conflictive relations between these two countries, and on race relations in the Dominican Republic. Much of what has been said must be considered unfounded or biased, not to mention sensationalist. The books under review try to pro vide new insights into the issue and at the same time to steer clear of these problems.

  12. Parameter Identification and On-line Estimation of a Reduced Kinetic Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dellorco, P.C.; Flesner, R.L.; Le, L.A.; Littell, J.D.; Muske, K.R.

    1999-02-01

    In this work, we present the estimation techniques used to update the model parameters in a reduced kinetic model describing the oxidation-reduction re- actions in a hydrothermal oxidation reactor. The model is used in a nonlinear model-based controller that minimizes the total aqueous nitrogen in the reac- tor effluent. Model reduction is accomplished by com- bining similar reacting compounds into one of four component groups and considering the global reac- tion pathways for each of these groups. The reduced kinetic model developed for thk reaction system pro- vides a means to characterize the complex chemical reaction system without considering each chemicaJ species present and the reaction kinetics of every pos- sible reaction pathway. For the reaction system under study, model reduction is essential in order to reduce the computational requirement so that on-line imple- mentation of the nonlinear model-based controller is possible and also to reduce the amount of a priori information required for the model.

  13. Uzņēmuma Interneta veikala projekts

    OpenAIRE

    Mihale, Jekaterina

    2016-01-01

    Diplomdarba „Uzņēmuma Interneta veikala projekts” mērķis bija interneta veikala projektēšana, pamatojoties uz pašreizējo reālo tirdzniecības struktūru. Darbs sastāv no ievada, sešām nodaļām, apakšnodaļām un secinājumiem. Pirmajā nodaļā tiek izpētīta un analizēta uzņēmuma SIA „Doma antikvariāts” darbība, finanšu radītāji, tiek veikta iekšējās un ārējās vides analīze, kā arī tiek attēloti uzņēmuma biznesa procesi. Otrajā nodaļā tiek analizēta uzņēmuma informācijas sistēma. Trešajā nodaļa tie...

  14. Barriers to Pediatricians’ Adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics Oral Health Referral Guidelines: North Carolina General Dentists’ Opinions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, C. Marshall; Quinonez, Rocio B.; Rozier, R. Gary; Kranz, Ashley M.; Lee, Jessica Y.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of North Carolina general dentists (GDs) regarding American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) dental referral guidelines; and (2) determine factors that influence pediatricians’ ability to comply with AAP guidelines. Methods One thousand GDs were surveyed to determine barriers toward acceptance of physician referrals of infants and toddlers. The primary outcome using ordered logistic regression was GDs’ acceptance of children described in five case scenarios, with different levels of risk and oral health status. Results GDs believed pediatricians should refer patients at risk for caries to a dentist. While 61 to 75 percent of GDs were willing to accept low caries risk referrals of infants and toddlers, only 35 percent would accept referrals when caries was present. Predictors of referral acceptance were correct knowledge about AAP guidelines (OR=2.0, 95%CI=1.2-3.3), confidence in pro- viding preventive care to infants and toddlers (OR=2.6, 95%CI=1.3-4.9), and agreement that parents see importance in dental referrals (OR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.6). Conclusions This study identified factors influencing acceptance of pediatrician referrals for the age one dental visit among North Carolina GDs and highlighted challenges pediatricians face in referring young children for dental care. PMID:25197996

  15. Special functions of mathematical physics a unified introduction with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Nikiforov, Arnold F

    1988-01-01

    With students of Physics chiefly in mind, we have collected the material on special functions that is most important in mathematical physics and quan­ tum mechanics. We have not attempted to provide the most extensive collec­ tion possible of information about special functions, but have set ourselves the task of finding an exposition which, based on a unified approach, ensures the possibility of applying the theory in other natural sciences, since it pro­ vides a simple and effective method for the independent solution of problems that arise in practice in physics, engineering and mathematics. For the American edition we have been able to improve a number of proofs; in particular, we have given a new proof of the basic theorem (§3). This is the fundamental theorem of the book; it has now been extended to cover difference equations of hypergeometric type (§§12, 13). Several sections have been simplified and contain new material. We believe that this is the first time that the theory of classical or­ th...

  16. Klimata pārmaiņu komunikācija interneta vidē Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Dragiļeva, Maija

    2014-01-01

    Maģistra darbā tika analizēta un raksturota Latvijas interneta ziņu portālos publicētā informācija par klimata pārmaiņām. Interneta vide spēlē aizvien lielāku lomu kā galvenais informācijas avots ar pieaugošo lomu sabiedrības rīcību ietekmēšanā. Kā viens no svarīgākiem klimata pārmaiņu komunikācijas aspektiem tika izvirzīta pārbaudītas, kvalitatīvas informācijas pasniegšana, kas veltītu vairāk uzmanības lokāli aktuālai informācijai, klimata pārmaiņu sociālā taisnīguma aspektam un konkrēto rīc...

  17. The Effect of Piascledine in the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Paknejad

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of an herbal medi-cine, Piascledine, on the treatment of chronic periodontitis.Materials and Methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic periodontitis participated in this interventional case control investigation. After initial screening the subjects were di-vided into case and control groups. Clinical measurements including plaque index (PI, bleeding on probing (BOP, probing pocket depth (PPD, bone level (BL and clinical at-tachment level (CAL were recorded for both groups, before and one month after scaling and root planing (SRP. The case group received 300 mg Piascledine capsules once a day for three months and the control group was only treated with SRP. The measurements were repeated in both groups at the 3 and 6 month recall visits.Results: Improvements were observed in all clinical parameters in both groups during the study period. PI as a covariate factor showed no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05. On the other hand CAL, BOP, PPD and BL showed reduction in all pa-tients, but no significant difference was found between the two groups.Conclusion: According to the results obtained in the present study, Piascledine does not seem to have a favorable effect in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.

  18. En California dos pioneros: Uno en el pasado y otro en el presente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Bermúdez

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Agost on Haraszthy buscando un clima para alivio de su enfermedad arribó en 1849 al sur de California donde se convirtió en el pionero al importar, sembrar y producir vino con Zinfandel, una entre otras muchas vides europeas. Construyó el viñedo Buena Vista diseñado para esa época con las mejores facilidades, no obstante, la empresa estaba destinada al colapso financiero por el incumplimiento del Estado de California; la vida de Agost on fue una aventura y tras su muerte una leyenda. En 1976 Peter Haywood decide cambiar su vida dedicada a las finanzas, deja Nueva York y viaja a California, allí compra un terreno para adecuarlo como viñedo; en 1980 obtiene su primera producción comercial y gracias a la fuerte demanda se vio obligado a incrementar su producción. El Zinfandel producido en el viñedo los Chamizales de la casa Haywood ha sido galardonado y declarado como el mejor. ¿Cuáles serán las caracte-rísticas del vino para lograr esa gran acogida?

  19. Constructing the rights and duties of slave-owners as socio-historic context of the New Testament

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Goede

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to construct the rights and duties of slave- owners in antiquity as part of the socio-historical context of the New Testament. In order to achieve this aim, the primary sources referring to Greek, Roman and Jewish law of slavery will first be described. Three aspects of the law of slavery, namely legal definitions of freedom and slavery, the legal status of slaves, and the rights of slave-owners are investigated in Greek, Roman and Jewish law. Relevant texts from these sources are then identified, analysed and interpreted. The re- sults of this process of analysis and interpretation are used to construct the legal context within which the exhortations directed at slave-owners in the New Testament should be read. We submit that Jewish law provided a sound alternative legal and religious context to the writers of the New Testament addressing Christian slave-owners. This alternative context functioned as a counterweight to the strict legal contexts pro- vided by Greek and Roman law.

  20. Modifications structurales des résidus lors du procédé de viscoréduction Structural Changes in Residues During the Visbreaking Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Favre A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Les asphaltènes et les maltènes d'un résidu sous vide Safaniya et ceux issus de la recette de viscoréduction correspondante sont étudiés. Vu la complexité des produits, plusieurs fractionnements sont pratiqués (chromatographie en phase liquide, chromatographie échangeuse d'ions. Les produits et leurs fractions sont ensuite caractérisés par RMN, IR, analyse élémentaire, tonométrie, diffraction et diffusion centrale des rayons X. Les résultats mettent en évidence des différences notables et permettent de comprendre le comportement des produits lourds du pétrole au cours du craquage thermique et ainsi tenter d'améliorer te taux de conversion. The asphaltenes and maltenes from a Safaniya vacuum residue and those coming from the corresponding visbreaking product are analyzed. Given the complexity of the products, several fractionations are performed (liquid chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography. The products and their fractions are then characterized by NMR, IR, elemental analysis, tonometry, X-ray diffraction and small ange X-ray scattering. The results reveal appreciable differences and enable the behavior of heavy petroleum products to be understood during thermal cracking. So an effort can be made to improve the rate of conversion.

  1. The Slavic aorist ending in -tz and the old prussian preterit in -ts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William R. Schmalstieg

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available The Slavic 2nd/3rd sg. aorist in-t'b, e.g., pi-tb 'clrank', po-vi-tb 'wrapped', u-mretb 'died', za-čt;-tb 'began', ras-ps-pe-tb 'started to sing', klt;-tb 'swore', etc. have long been a subject of dispute. Some have thought that these forms were derived by the addition of a personal pronoun tb. Then since 2nd and 3rd sg. aor. forms vede 'led', bT:Jra 'took', vide 'saw' were the same the tb was substituted back into the 2nd person also (Stang, 1942, 219. Van Wijk, 1926, 281, noted that the ending-tb was characteristic of verbs with an original circumflex accentuation and that the same verbs had past passive participles in -tb also. Roots with an original acute accentuation lacked the aorist ending-tD and had the past passive participle formation in-en-. Stang, 1942, 65, wrote that he believed that the verbs with the -tD aorist ending were old root aorist forms (or imperf ects from root presents. The only problem with this would seem to be the expectation that the lndo-European root aorist ended in *-t which should be lost in word-final position as a result of the action of 'the law of open syllables'.

  2. Party Membership and Intra-Party Democracy: How Do Members React to Organizational Change within Political Parties? The Case of Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Sandri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Facing a crucial legitimacy crisis, many Western European political parties have recently undergone various forms of organizational changes by adopting procedures for increasing intra-democracy: internal ballots, internal referenda, primary elections and so on. Direct democracy is now used in a wide range of decision-making procedures such as candidate and leadership selection (Cross and Katz, 2013. These reforms have pro-vided new opportunities for participation to party members. What happens to more traditional elements of party internal structures when such instruments of intra-party democracy are adopted? And more specifically, how are such changes perceived by the party base? This paper explores the attitudes and behaviors of members with regard to intra-party democracy procedures. On the basis of a case study (Belgium and of an original dataset, the paper explores the political consequences of intra-party democracy. We show that members’ satisfaction with the party and their degree of previous internal activism affect the level of involvement in intra-party democracy activities. However, the dissatisfaction of the party base vis-à-vis of the membership role is growing. Intra-party democratization seems to limit the organizational function of the grass-roots membership to a ‘cheerleading’ role.

  3. Valsts atbalsta instrumenti enerģētikā

    OpenAIRE

    Krūze, Elīna

    2017-01-01

    Šobrīd pasaulē izplatītākie resursi enerģijas ražošanai ir neatjaunojami un to daudzums ir ierobežots ar prognozēm par šo resursu pilnīgu izsīkšanu visai tuvā nākotnē, tomēr pieprasījums pēc enerģijas ar katru gadu pieaug. Domājot par ilgtspējīgu attīstību, kas ietver drošu energoresursu piegādi, augstus energoefektivitātes radītājus, konkurētspēju enerģētikas tirgū un vides aizsardzību, enerģijai no neatjaunojamiem resursiem, kā ogles, nafta un dabasgāze, par nozīmīgu alternatīvu kļuvusi ene...

  4. 15th International Conference on Thermal Conductivity

    CERN Document Server

    1978-01-01

    Once again, it gives me a great pleasure to pen the Foreword to the Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Thermal Conductivity. As in the past, these now biannual conferences pro­ vide a broadly based forum for those researchers actively working on this important property of matter to convene on a regular basis to exchange their experiences and report their findings. As it is apparent from the Table of Contents, the 15th Conference represents perhaps the broadest coverage of subject areas to date. This is indicative of the times as the boundaries between disciplines be­ come increasingly diffused. I am sure the time has come when Con­ ference Chairmen in coming years will be soliciting contributions not only in the physical sciences and engineering', but will actively seek contributions from the earth sciences and life sciences as well. Indeed, the thermal conductivity and related properties of geological and biological materials are becoming of increasing im­ portance to our way of life. As...

  5. Mercury based drug in ancient India: The red sulfide of mercury in nanoscale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhi, Priyabrata; Mohapatra, Swapna Sarita; Bhattacharjee, M; Ray, K K; Muraleedharan, T S; Arun, A; Sathyavathi, R; Juluri, R R; Satyam, P V; Panda, Alok K; Biswas, Ashis; Nayak, S; Bojja, Sreedhar; Pratihar, S; Roy, Sujit

    Mercury is one of the elements which had attracted the attention of the chemists and physicians of ancient India and China. Among the various metal based drugs which utilize mercury, we became interested in the red sulfide of mercury which is known in ancient Indian literature as rasasindur (alias rasasindura, rasasindoor, rasasinduram, sindur, or sindoor) and is used extensively in various ailments and diseases. Following various physico-chemical characterizations it is concluded that rasasindur is chemically pure α-HgS with Hg:S ratio as 1:1. Analysis of rasasindur vide Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) showed that the particles are in nanoscale. Bio-chemical studies of rasasindur were also demonstrated. It interacts with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) with an association constant of (9.76 ± 0.56) × 103 M-1 and behaves as a protease inhibitor by inhibiting the proteolysis of BSA by trypsin. It also showed mild antioxidant properties. Copyright © 2017 Transdisciplinary University, Bangalore and World Ayurveda Foundation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. The role of metallic ions in nano-bio hybrid catalysts from ab initio first principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behera, Sushant; Deb, Pritam

    We employ high-accuracy linear-scaling density functional theory calculations with a near-complete basis set and a minimal parameter implicit solvent model, within the self-consistent calculation, on silver ion assimilated on bacteriorhodopsin (bR) at specific binding sites. The geometry optimization indicates the formation of stable active sites at the interface of nano-bio hybrid and density of states reflects the metallic behavior of the active sites. Detailed kinetics of the catalytic reaction is revealed using ab initio electronic structure calculations. We observed that the metal ion incorporated active sites are more efficient in electrolytic splitting of water than pristine sites due to their less value of Gibbs free energy for hydrogen evolution reaction and strong synergistic effect. The volcano plot analysis and free energy diagram are considered to understan hydrogen evolution efficiency. Moreover, the essential role of metallic ion on catalytic efficiency is elucidated. DBT, Government of India, vide Grant No BT/357/NE/TBP/ 2012. DST, GoI for financial support under INSPIRE Fellowship(IF150325).

  7. Cardiac deceleration in elite golfers as modified by noise and anxiety during putting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassmén, P; Koivula, N

    2001-06-01

    The relationship between attention and performance in sports has been investigated in numerous studies, often by using indirect measurements such as self reports. Alternatives for studying attentional processes during an event are pro vided by psychophysiological methods. In the present study, cardiac patterns of highly skilled golfers were monitored during the performance of a putting task in both the presence and absence of noise. As a group, the golfers putted as well when noise was present as when it was absent. However, those who scored high on a trait anxiety test showed greater intraindividual variation between putts when noise occurred. More importantly, the players with higher trait anxiety did not show, as expected, pronounced cardiac deceleration prior to putting, as did the players with low trait anxiety scores. Consequently, the present result calls into question the view that cardiac deceleration is associated with superior athletic performance. Furthermore, cardiac deceleration cannot be used as a general measure of attentional processes because interindividual differences in traits, such as anxiety. are probably also important factors to consider.

  8. Minimally Processed Functional Foods: Technological and Operational Pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, Svetlana

    2016-10-01

    This paper offers a concise review of technical and operational concepts underpinning commercialization of minimally processed functional foods (FFs), foods with fresh-like qualities commanding premium prices. The growing number of permitted nutritional content/health claims, many of which relate to well-being, coupled with emerging extraction and food processing technologies offers new exciting opportunities for small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) specializing in fresh produce to play an active role in the health market. Supporting SMEs, governments could benefit from savings in healthcare costs and value creation in the economy. Consumers could benefit from novel FF formats such as refrigerated RTE (ready-to-eat) meals, a variety of fresh-like meat-, fish-, and egg-based products, fresh-cut fruits and vegetables, cereal-based fermented foods and beverages. To preserve these valuable commodities, mild biological (enzymatic treatment, fermentation and, bio-preservation) and engineering solutions are needed. The latter include nonthermal techniques such as high-pressure treatment, cook-chill, sous-vide, mirco-encapsulation, vacuum impregnation and others. "De-constructive" culinary techniques such as 3D food printing and molecular gastronomy as well as developments in nutrigenomics and digital technologies facilitate novel product formats, personalization and access to niche markets. In the operational sense, moving from nourishment to health improvement demands a shift from defensive market-oriented to offensive market-developing strategies including collaborative networks with research organizations. © 2016 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  9. Projekts Sporta kluba izveidošanai

    OpenAIRE

    Andrejevs, Jurijs

    2010-01-01

    Maģistra darba temats ir „PROJEKTS SPORTA KLUBA „URBAN GYM” IZVEIDOŠANA.” Uzņēmējdarbības vide Latvijā pēdējos gados sākusi stipri vien mainīties. No vienas puses, tā lēnām kļūst sakārtotāka, no otras puses, iezīmējas arvien lielāks konkurences pieaugums. Tirgus tiek piesātināts, un aizvien grūtāk kļūst darboties, nedomājot par konkurenci, darbības aktivitāti un rentabilitāti. Vadītājiem un īpašniekiem nemitīgi jādomā, ar ko uzņēmums īsti pelna naudu, kā varētu pelnīt vairāk. Bet neskatoti...

  10. Editoriale/Editorial/Éditorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Bisi

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The papers presented in the second number of The Criminology, Victimology and Security Review proceed along a continuum that, starting from aspects strictly connected to researches, move towards routes where life stories of victimized people are presented: victims of terrorism, victims of homicide, victims of mafia and victims of domestic violence.These life stories are very important because they emphasize the urgence to reflect on the victimization matter in order to fill the gap concerning the support to crime victims.Les essais présentés dans le second numéro de la Revue de Criminologie, Victimologie et Sécurité se développent selon un continuum qui comprend les aspects de recherche mais aussi les histoires de vie des individus qui ont subi un processus de victimization: les victimes du terrorisme, les victimes d’homicide, les victimes de la mafia et les victimes de la violence domestique.Il s’agit de temoignages très importantes parce qu’elles mettent en évidence l’urgence de réfléchir à la question des processus de victimization pour combler le vide qui encore existe en ce qui concerne l’aide aux victimes.

  11. CERN Technical Training: Open Courses (June - July 2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The following course sessions are currently scheduled in the framework of the CERN Technical Training Programme 2007: Java – Level 1 (English): 27.6.-29.6.2007 (3 days, 2 places available) AutoCAD 2006 - niveau 1 (French): 27.6. - 28.6.2007 & 3.7. - 4.7.2007 (4 days in 2 modules, full) LabVIEW – Working efficiently with LabVIEW 8 (English): 29.6.2007 (1 day, 6 places available) Java – Level 2 (English): 2.7.-5.7.2007 (4 days, 3 places available) MATLAB – Fundamentals and Programming Techniques (English): 2.7.-3.7.2007 (2 days, full) MATLAB – Simulink for System and Algorithm Modeling (English) 4.7.-5.7.2007 (2 days, 2 places available) Automate de Sécurité (French): -> POSTPONED > from 9 to 11 October 2007 ! 10.7.-12.7.2007 (3 days, full) Oracle – HTML DB 2.0: Develop Web Applications (English): 11.7.-13.7.2007 (3 days, 7 places available) Technique du vide (French): 11.7.-12.7.2007 (2 days, full) ANSYS – Classical (French) 16.7.-20.7.2007 (5 days, 4 pl...

  12. TEACHERS TRAINING FOR WORKING WITH GIFTED CHIL-DREN AND TEENAGERS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE MODERN UNIVERSITY COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. F. Shafranov-Kutsev

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the intellectual elite reproduction as one of the key elements of innovative society development. In 2012, Russian President approved the National Concept for Identifying and Fostering the Young Talents. In many regions, there are local projects targeting gifted children and teenagers. Though, the main concern is the teaching staff development for working with extraordinary students. In author’s opinion, the university complexes appear to be the most capable of fulfilling the given task by providing the fundamental classical education expanding the horizons of professional perfection both at theoretical and practical levels; in this regard, the positive experience of Tumen State University, incorporating the Higher Pedagogical School and the Institute of Pedagogy and Psychology, is revealed. The main emphasis is on the high schools within the university complexes; the advantages of summer schools in selecting gifted children and developing creativity and intellectual abilities are  demonstrated. The author maintains that the teaching staff readiness for working with gifted children has long term prospects for developing the nation’s intellectual potential, and therefore can be regarded as the key criterion estimating the effectiveness of educational establishments. However, the managerial staff should be pro-vided with the relevant indicators for monitoring the above activity. 

  13. Rotifer assemblages (Rotifera: Eurotatoria of the floodplain lakes of Majuli River Island, the Brahmaputra river basin, northeast India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhushan Kumar Sharma

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Our plankton and semi-plankton collections from twelve floodplain lakes (beels of Majuli River Island, Upper Assam reveal 124 rotifer species (32 genera and 17 families; these merit biodiversity value as ~52.0% and ~30.0% of species, ~68.0 and ~45.0% of  genera and ~74.0 and ~65.0% of the families of the Phylum known from northeast India (NEI and India, respectively. Two species are new to India with Trichocerca uncinata as new record to the Oriental region.  Eleven species are new to the study area and we provide an updated list (144 species for following meta-analyses of Majuli Rotifera. Biogeographically important elements include one Australasian, four Oriental, four Palaeotropical and one cosmo (sub tropical species while several species are of regional distribution interest. The rotifer fauna is predominantly tropical and Lecanidae > Lepadellidae collectively include ~53.0% species but it records paucity of Brachionus species. Individual beels record total richness of 60-100 (77 ± 12 species, monthly richness between 24 ± 7-34 ± 7 species and maximum up to 54 species/sample. The results are characterized by high community similarities (59.7-90.4% vide Sørensen’s index, more rotifer homogeneity amongst beels, lack of any pattern of temporal richness variations and much limited influence of abiotic parameters.

  14. Quelque chose noir : de la critique de l’élégie à la réinvention du rythme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michèle Monte

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available L’article étudie tout d’abord la façon dont Roubaud se distancie du genre élégiaque par un positionnement décalé du locuteur et une hétérogénéité générique qui contestent la possibilité de la poésie. Il étudie ensuite la façon dont s’inscrit dans le texte la femme aimée et disparue, entre présence et absence. Il étudie ensuite dans les détails la fragmentation syntaxique et la répétition caractéristiques de ce texte : d’abord signes de chaos et de sidération, elles changent peu à peu de forme et indiquent la réapparition progressive d’une parole poétique qui traverse l’aphasie et la sidération et parvient à bâtir sur le vide.

  15. A silver fluoniobate semiconductor with high photo-oxidization abilities and photocatalytic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yanlin; Cao, Lei; Feng, Yongyi; Qin, Chuanxiang; Seo, Hyo Jin

    2017-11-01

    In the past years, nano-sized Nb2O5 has been widely as a potential photocatalyst due to its good chemical stability and higher conduction band edge than TiO2. However, the photocatalytic application of Nb2O5 is limited by vide band gap (3.4-4 eV) because only UV light could be harvested. In this work, Nb2O5-based photocatalyst, AgNb2O5F, was developed by solid-state reaction. The phase formation and surface characteristics were investigated. AgNb2O5F has a direct allowed transition with band energy of 2.68 eV. It has a highly positive valence band. The photocatalysis degradation of MB solutions by Nb2O5 is less than 10% after the light irradiation (λ > 420 nm) in 120 min. AgNb2O5F shows a rapid degradation, which is 83% under the same conditions. AgNb2O5F presents more efficient degradation of organic dyes than Nb2O5. This semiconductor also keeps stabilities for photo-corrosions and photo-degradation reactions. The photocatalytic activities were discussed on the luminescence and decay lifetimes.

  16. The Relationship between Attachment Styles and Resiliency with Attitudes to Drug Use in Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafar Bahadori

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Drug use and addiction as a major trauma mental- social century, various groups, especially youth and students will always be threatened. The aim of present study was to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and resiliency with attitude to drug use in boy students Tabriz University. Method: This study was descriptive-correlation. The statistical populations consisted of all boy students Tabriz University academic year of study 1389-90, which of these, 200 boys were selected cluster sampling. To collect data was used from Hazan & Shaver Adult Attachment Scale of, Connor-Davidson Resiliency Questionnaire, Vide Attitudes to Drug use Scale. The data were analyzed by using of Pearson correlation and multiple regressions by SPSS. Results: Finding revealed that attitude to drug addiction has negative relationship with secure attachment styles and positive relationship ambivalent and avoidant insecure attachment styles. On the other hand, attitude to drug addiction have negative relationship with resiliency. Also result of regression analysis showed that the attachment styles and resiliency can predict changes in drug addiction attitude. Conclusion: Based on finding with growth secure attachment styles family with children and also use resiliency program can reduce attitudes to drug use in students.

  17. Seismic re-evaluation of piping systems of heavy water plant, Kota

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, R; Soni, R S; Venkat-Raj, V

    2002-01-01

    Heavy Water Plant, Kota is the first indigenous heavy water plant built in India. The plant started operation in the year 1985 and it is approaching the completion of its originally stipulated design life. In view of the excellent record of plant operation for the past so many years, it has been planned to carry out various exercises for the life extension of the plant. In the first stage, evaluation of operation stresses was carried out for the process critical piping layouts and equipment, which are connected with 25 process critical nozzle locations, identified based on past history of the plant performance. Fatigue life evaluation has been carried out to fmd out the Cumulative Usage Factor, which helps in arriving at a decision regarding the life extension of the plant. The results of these exercises have been already reported separately vide BARC/200I /E/O04. In the second stage, seismic reevaluation of the plant has been carried out to assess its ability to maintain its integ:rity in case of a seismic e...

  18. Radon og boligen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    Radon er en radioaktiv og sundhedsskadelig luftart, som ved indånding øger risikoen for lungekræft. Der er ingen dokumenteret nedre grænse for, hvornår radon er ufarligt. Derfor anbefales det, at man tilstræber et så lavt radonindhold i indeluften som muligt. Man kan hverken lugte, se, høre eller...... smage radon, så vil du vide, om du har radon i din bolig, må du måle radonindholdet i indeluften. Radon forekommer naturligt i jorden og kan suges ind sammen med jordluft, hvis der inde er et undertryk, og hvis konstruktionerne mod jord er utætte. Jordluft trænger ind gennem revner og utætte samlinger......, fx omkring rør til kloak, vand og varmeforsyning. Koncentrationen af radon i jorden varierer meget fra sted til sted, også lokalt og gennem året. Tidligere undersøgelser har vist, at der kan forekomme høje koncentrationer i Sydgrønland, specielt i området syd for Narsalik ved Paamiut, 61°30’N....

  19. Genome assembly of Chryseobacterium sp. strain IHBB 10212 from glacier top-surface soil in the Indian trans-Himalayas with potential for hydrolytic enzymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohinder Pal

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The cold-active esterases are gaining importance due to their catalytic activities finding applications in chemical industry, food processes and detergent industry as additives, and organic synthesis of unstable compounds as catalysts. In the present study, the complete genome sequence of 4,843,645 bp with an average 34.08% G + C content and 4260 protein-coding genes are reported for the low temperature-active esterase-producing novel strain of Chrysobacterium isolated from the top-surface soil of a glacier in the cold deserts of the Indian trans-Himalayas. The genome contained two plasmids of 16,553 and 11,450 bp with 40.54 and 40.37% G + C contents, respectively. Several genes encoding the hydrolysis of ester linkages of triglycerides into fatty acids and glycerol were predicted in the genome. The annotation also predicted the genes encoding proteases, lipases, amylases, β-glucosidases, endoglucanases and xylanases involved in biotechnological processes. The complete genome sequence of Chryseobacterium sp. strain IHBB 10212 and two plasmids have been deposited vide accession numbers CP015199, CP015200 and CP015201 at DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank.

  20. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Mixed-Valence Compounds : Theory and Applications in Chemistry, Physics, Geology, and Biology

    CERN Document Server

    1980-01-01

    It has been a decade since two seminal reviews demonstrated that mixed-valence compounds share many unique and fascinating features. The insight pro­ vided by those early works has promoted a great deal of both experimental and theoretical study. As a result of extensive efforts, our understanding of the bonding and properties of mixed-valence compounds has advanced substantially. There has been no compre­ hensive treatment of mixed-valence compounds since 1967, and the meeting convened at Oxford in September, 1979, provided a unique opportunity to examine the subject and its many ramifications. Mixed-valence compounds play an important role in many fields. Although the major impact of the subject has been in chemistry, its importance has become increasingly clear in solid state physics, geology, and biology. Extensive interest and effort in the field of molecular metals has demonstrated that mixed-valency is a prerequisite for high elec­ trical conductivity. The intense colors of many minerals have been s...

  1. PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENT MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHING OF NONPULSATILE FLOW PUMP AND CARDIAC SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Bykov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The presented research uncovers the using of mathematical modeling methods for cardio-vascular system and axial blood pump interaction analysis under heart failure with combined valve pathology. The research will pro- vide data for automated pump control algorithm synthesis. Materials and methods. Mathematical model is build up by using experiments results from mock cardio-vascular circulation loop and mathematical representation of Newtonian fluid dynamics in pulsing circulation loop. The model implemented in modeling environment Simulink (Matlab. Results. Authors implemented mathematical model which describe cardio-vascular system and left-ven- tricular assistive device interaction for intact conditions. Values of parameters for intact conditions were acquired in the experiments on animals with implanted axial pump, experiments were conducted in FRCTAO. The model was verified by comparison of instantaneous blood flowrate values in experiments and in model. Conclusion. The paper present implemented mathematical model of cardio-vascular system and axial pump interaction for intact conditions, where the pump connected between left ventricle and aorta. In the next part of research authors will use the presented model to evaluate using the biotechnical system in conditions of heart failure and valve pathology. 

  2. Quality and sensory acceptability of a chilled functional apple ready-dessert.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, D F; Brunton, N P; Gormley, T R; Butler, F

    2012-04-01

    An apple and dairy based ready-dessert with an added prebiotic was stored and chill temperatures and number of quality attributes were monitored during chill (4 °C) storage for 30 days. All ready-desserts were thermally processed by sous vide (P (90) > 10 min). The stability of the dairy component in ready-desserts was monitored by measuring volatile free fatty acids. Changes in these components were more evident in prebiotic-enriched samples compared to controls. However, no significant differences were observed over storage in control and prebiotic-enriched ready-desserts. This was supported by sensory analysis that showed no significant changes over storage in control or prebiotic-enriched samples. Of the other quality parameters, the addition of prebiotic inclusions resulted in lower L and b values and dry matter (p desserts. A decrease (p < 0.05) in flow behaviour (n) led to concomitant increases in consistency index (K) and complex modulus (G*) values in control samples.

  3. Developmental interventions to address the STEM gender gap: exploring intended and unintended consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liben, Lynn S; Coyle, Emily F

    2014-01-01

    Women and girls in the United States continue to be underrepresented in STEM, particularly in engineering and technology fields. This gap has been attracting recent attention from those motivated to ensure that girls and women have access to a full range of personally satisfying careers as well as from those concerned with developing a rich talent pool to meet national workforce needs. This chapter is focused on interventions that have been designed to address this STEM gender gap. We begin by documenting the STEM gender gap and then review change mechanisms emerging from theories of gender development that may be harnessed in intervention efforts. In addition, we pro vide a taxonomy of intervention goals which we then use to organize an illustrative review of sample interventions. After commenting on some of the findings and limitations of past work, we offer suggestions for enhancing the systematic evaluation of intervention programs that include careful selection of comparison groups, a broad array of STEM outcome measures, assessment of potentially unintended consequences, and meta-analyses.

  4. Importance of education and competence maintenance in metrology field (measurement science)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobiliene, J.; Meskuotiene, A.

    2015-02-01

    For certain tasks in metrology field trained employers might be necessary to fulfill specific requirements. It is important to pay attention that metrologists are responsible for fluent work of devices that belong to huge variety of vide spectrum of measurements. People who perform measurements (that are related to our safety, security or everyday life) with reliable measuring instruments must be sure for trueness of their results or conclusions. So with the purpose to reach the harmony between the ordinary man and his used means it is very important to ensure competence of specialists that are responsible for mentioned harmony implementation. Usually these specialists have a university degree and perform highly specified tasks in science, industry or laboratories. Their task is quite narrow. For example, type approval of measuring instrument or calibration and verification. Due to the fact that the number of such employers and their tasks is relatively small in the field of legal metrology, this paper focuses on the significance of training and qualification of legal metrology officers.

  5. Introductory group theory and its application to molecular structure

    CERN Document Server

    Ferraro, John R

    1975-01-01

    The success of the first edition of this book has encouraged us to revise and update it. In the second edition we have attempted to further clarify por­ tions of the text in reference to point symmetry, keeping certain sections and removing others. The ever-expanding interest in solids necessitates some discussion on space symmetry. In this edition we have expanded the discus­ sion on point symmetry to include space symmetry. The selection rules in­ clude space group selection rules (for k = 0). Numerous examples are pro­ vided to acquaint the reader with the procedure necessary to accomplish this. Recent examples from the literature are given to illustrate the use of group theory in the interpretation of molecular spectra and in the determination of molecular structure. The text is intended for scientists and students with only a limited theoretical background in spectroscopy. For this reason we have presented detailed procedures for carrying out the selection rules and normal coor­ dinate treatment of ...

  6. Automated retrieval of cloud and aerosol properties from the ARM Raman lidar, part 1: feature detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Qiang; Newsom, Rob K.; Turner, David D.; Comstock, Jennifer M.

    2015-11-01

    A Feature detection and EXtinction retrieval (FEX) algorithm for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program’s Raman lidar (RL) has been developed. Presented here is part 1 of the FEX algorithm: the detection of features including both clouds and aerosols. The approach of FEX is to use multiple quantities— scattering ratios derived using elastic and nitro-gen channel signals from two fields of view, the scattering ratio derived using only the elastic channel, and the total volume depolarization ratio— to identify features using range-dependent detection thresholds. FEX is designed to be context-sensitive with thresholds determined for each profile by calculating the expected clear-sky signal and noise. The use of multiple quantities pro-vides complementary depictions of cloud and aerosol locations and allows for consistency checks to improve the accuracy of the feature mask. The depolarization ratio is shown to be particularly effective at detecting optically-thin features containing non-spherical particles such as cirrus clouds. Improve-ments over the existing ARM RL cloud mask are shown. The performance of FEX is validated against a collocated micropulse lidar and observations from the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellite over the ARM Darwin, Australia site. While we focus on a specific lidar system, the FEX framework presented here is suitable for other Raman or high spectral resolution lidars.

  7. Les formes du fond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Maffesoli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Il n'est pas vrai que la nature a horreur du vide. Peut-être même s'y complait-elle. Le creux est aussi une modalité de l'être. Il est possible de s'y nicher, de s'y lover paresseusement et, ainsi, de se protéger contre l'angoisse du temps qui passe. Le creux des apparences est, à certains moments, une des formes d'expression de la vie sociale. Encore faut-il savoir le reconnaître. Certes, nous avons tous une existence personnelle, mais nous sommes, également, les représentants, parfois même les victimes, d'un "esprit commun", peut-être même d'un "inconscient collectif" qui s'est constitué de siècle en siècle. Et, très souvent, là où nous croyons exprimer nos propres idées, nous ne sommes que les porte-voix, les figurants d'un vaste "theatrum mundi" aux dimensions infinies.

  8. Use of cover habitat by bull trout Salvelinus confluentus and lake trout Salvelinus namaycush in a laboratory environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeuwig, Michael H.; Guy, Christopher S.; Fredenberg, Wade A.

    2011-01-01

    Lacustrine-adfluvial bull trout, Salvelinus confluentus, migrate from spawning and rearing streams to lacustrine environments as early as age 0. Within lacustrine environments, cover habitat pro- vides refuge from potential predators and is a resource that is competed for if limiting. Competitive inter- actions between bull trout and other species could result in bull trout being displaced from cover habitat, and bull trout may lack evolutionary adaptations to compete with introduced species, such as lake trout, Salvelinus namaycush. A laboratory experiment was performed to examine habitat use and interactions for cover by juvenile (i.e., <80 mm total length) bull trout and lake trout. Differences were observed between bull trout and lake trout in the proportion of time using cover (F1,22.6=20.08, P<0.001) and bottom (F1,23.7 = 37.01, P < 0.001) habitat, with bull trout using cover and bottom habitats more than lake trout. Habitat selection ratios indicated that bull trout avoided water column habitat in the presence of lake trout and that lake trout avoided bottom habitat. Intraspecific and interspecific agonistic interactions were infrequent, but approximately 10 times greater for intraspecific inter- actions between lake trout. Results from this study provide little evidence that juvenile bull trout and lake trout compete for cover, and that species-specific differences in habitat use and selection likely result in habitat partitioning between these species.

  9. Symmetry breaking and finite size scaling in antiferromagnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azaria, P.; Delamotte, B.; Mouhanna, D.

    1993-02-01

    We show that the finite size scaling analysis of the quantum non linear sigma model O(3)/O(2) associated with antiferromagnets justifies the existence of the tower of excited states first proposed by Anderson to explain the symmetry breaking of quantum antiferromagnets in the thermodynamical limit. Finite size formulas for the ground state energy and for the ground state expectation value of the order parameter are explicitly given. Nous montrons que l'analyse du comportement à taille finie du modèle sigma non linéaire quantique O(3)/O(2) adapté aux antiferromagnétiques justifie l'existence d'une tour d'états excités proposée pour la première fois par Anderson pour expliquer la brisure de symétrie des antiferromagnétiques quantiques dans la limite thermodynamique. Nous donnons également les formules de taille finie pour l'énergie du fondamental et pour la valeur moyenne dans le vide du paramètre d'ordre.

  10. Code-modulated interferometric imaging system using phased arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauhan, Vikas; Greene, Kevin; Floyd, Brian

    2016-05-01

    Millimeter-wave (mm-wave) imaging provides compelling capabilities for security screening, navigation, and bio- medical applications. Traditional scanned or focal-plane mm-wave imagers are bulky and costly. In contrast, phased-array hardware developed for mass-market wireless communications and automotive radar promise to be extremely low cost. In this work, we present techniques which can allow low-cost phased-array receivers to be reconfigured or re-purposed as interferometric imagers, removing the need for custom hardware and thereby reducing cost. Since traditional phased arrays power combine incoming signals prior to digitization, orthogonal code-modulation is applied to each incoming signal using phase shifters within each front-end and two-bit codes. These code-modulated signals can then be combined and processed coherently through a shared hardware path. Once digitized, visibility functions can be recovered through squaring and code-demultiplexing operations. Pro- vided that codes are selected such that the product of two orthogonal codes is a third unique and orthogonal code, it is possible to demultiplex complex visibility functions directly. As such, the proposed system modulates incoming signals but demodulates desired correlations. In this work, we present the operation of the system, a validation of its operation using behavioral models of a traditional phased array, and a benchmarking of the code-modulated interferometer against traditional interferometer and focal-plane arrays.

  11. CALCUL DU DEPHASAGE A LA REFLEXION ET DES INDICES OPTIQUES DE L’ALLIAGE AMORPHE PD30Y70 A PARTIR DE LA MESURE DE SA REFLEXION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H BELBAH

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Les couches minces de l’alliage amorphe de composition Pd30Y70 sont déposées par pulvérisation cathodique sur des substrats en silice, sous un vide de 10-7 Torr. Les couches obtenues sont opaques et par conséquent leur transmission est nulle. Le spectre de réflexion de Pd30Y70  est mesuré dans le domaine d’énergie entre 0,5 et 6,2 eV. Cette mesure sert au calcul du déphasage à la réflexion de l’alliage à partir de l’intégrale de Kramers-Kronig. Les valeurs mesurées de la réflexion et les valeurs calculées du déphasage à la réflexion permettent de remonter aux constantes optiques (indices de réfraction et d’extinction de l’alliage et à sa structure électronique à partir des spectres d’absorption optique calculés. Le spectre d’absorption optique de Pd30Y70 amorphe est dominé par deux structures dont l’une est due aux états 4d de Pd centrée autour de 4 eV et l’autre aux états 4d de Y aux basses énergies.

  12. Onde elettromagnetiche

    CERN Document Server

    Toraldo di Francia, Giuliano

    1988-01-01

    Prefazione: "L'opera "Onde Elettromagnetiche" di Giuliano Toraldo di Francia vide la luce per i tipi della Casa Editrice Zanichelli nel lontano 1953. Tradotta ben presto in inglese e in giapponese, ha incontrato il favore di varie generazioni di studenti universitari e un apprezzamento dei docenti che non sembra ancora estinto. Ma è evidente che in trentacinque anni tante cose, troppe cose sono avvenute in quel campo di studio, per poter pensare che oggi il vecchio libro non presenti cospicue lacune. Ed è proprio a colmare tali lacune che ci siamo dedicati nell'elaborare il presente volume, pur conservando quasi tutto il materiale che aveva dato buona prova nel suo progenitore. La mole è inevitabilmente raddoppiata; eppure siamo ben lungi dall'avere esaurito un dominio così vasto, né ci eravamo proposti di farlo. Quello che presentiamo è il frutto di una scelta ragionata. Abbiamo ritenuto opportuno ampliare la parte sulle onde piane (con l'introduzione dei parametri di Stokes, e dei concetti di velocit�...

  13. Le bureau d'études mécaniques du groupe TS-MME

    CERN Document Server

    Menot, C

    2004-01-01

    Le bureau d'études du groupe MME représente le principal support d'ingénierie mécanique pour le LHC et quelques projets autres. Il est constitué de trois sections au mandat distinct. Ses activités couvrent le design des divers équipements : des aimants supraconducteurs du LHC et leur alimentation électrique, le design pour le système vide et de l'instrumentation et calibration de faisceau. Le groupe a aussi en charge le design de tout système se rapportant aux complexes PS et SPS Les principaux sujets présentés dans ce rapport concernent la structure du bureau d'études et son effectif, les ressources à disposition, son domaine d'activité, son mode de fonctionnement, les outils et les méthodologies développés. La coordination entre sections du groupe, qui apportent chacune son expertise, sera mise en évidence. Une vision du futur avec les besoins en ressources liés aux activités vitales pour le CERN est abordée en conclusion.

  14. Recherche d'un Higgs doublement chargé à l'aide du détecteur ATLAS dans le cadre d'un Modèle de Symétrie Gauche-Droite

    CERN Document Server

    Ferland, Jonathan

    To be able to explain the fact that, in the Standard Mo del weak interactions only a ect left handed particles, it is possible to dev elop left - righ t symmetric mo dels, where the symmetry is brok en to explain the low energy spectrum. Some of these mo dels predict the existence of a doubly charged Higgs. With the future startup of the LHC, it would be possible to disco ver suc h a particle. The mo del we will discuss in this documen t uses two Higgs triplets to break the left - righ t symmetry . Those triplets imply the existence of ++ L and ++ R . We then study single pro duction by vector boson fusion and pair pro duction by a Drell-Y an pro cess for ++ L;R and their deca y in the ATLAS detector at LHC. Disco very poten tial of those particles will be tak en into accoun t for several deca y channels. We will concen trate on leptonic channels, because they pro vide clear signatures in a detector. Other mo des exist, but they are suppressed by kinematics. We nd that for vector boson fusion, the doubly ...

  15. Zooplankton diversity of a sub-tropical reservoir of Mizoram, Northeast India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma, B.K.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study on zooplankton diversity from the state of Mizoram of northeast India, based on plankton samples collected from Khawiva reservoir during November 2005-October 2007, recorded a total of 46 species. Zooplankton indicated monthly richness ranging between 19-36 and 25-34 species; registered 52.8-88.9 and 60.0-89.3% community similarities (vide Sørensen’s index; and comprised between 31.2±12.7 and 46.7±11.3% of net plankton abundance during two years, respectively. Copepoda and Rotifera, together, influenced zooplankton abundance. Rhizopoda and Cladocera showed limited importance while Nematoda and Ciliata recorded poor densities. Mesocyclops spp. > Keratella tropica are important taxa. Our results are characterized by moderate species diversity, high evenness and low dominance except in some months. Richness, abundance and species diversity followed no definite patterns of monthly variations. Individual abiotic parameters exerted limited influence on zooplankton richness and abundance, and on abundance of its constituent groups. The canonical correspondence analysis with fifteen abiotic parameters explained high cumulative variance (84.8% of zooplankton assemblages along axis 1 and 2 with importance of water temperature, rainfall, free carbon dioxide, conductivity and phosphate. Sladecek’s Q B/T quotient and Shannon’s diversity index reflected mesotrophic nature of Khawiva reservoir.

  16. Components of working memory and visual selective attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnham, Bryan R; Sabia, Matthew; Langan, Catherine

    2014-02-01

    Load theory (Lavie, N., Hirst, A., De Fockert, J. W., & Viding, E. [2004]. Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 339-354.) proposes that control of attention depends on the amount and type of load that is imposed by current processing. Specifically, perceptual load should lead to efficient distractor rejection, whereas working memory load (dual-task coordination) should hinder distractor rejection. Studies support load theory's prediction that working memory load will lead to larger distractor effects; however, these studies used secondary tasks that required only verbal working memory and the central executive. The present study examined which other working memory components (visual, spatial, and phonological) influence visual selective attention. Subjects completed an attentional capture task alone (single-task) or while engaged in a working memory task (dual-task). Results showed that along with the central executive, visual and spatial working memory influenced selective attention, but phonological working memory did not. Specifically, attentional capture was larger when visual or spatial working memory was loaded, but phonological working memory load did not affect attentional capture. The results are consistent with load theory and suggest specific components of working memory influence visual selective attention. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  17. Standard operating procedure for audio visual recording of informed consent: an initiative to facilitate regulatory compliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parikh, P M; Prabhash, K; Govind, K B; Digumarti, R; Pandit, S; Banerjee, I; Biyani, R; Deshmukh, A; Doval, D; Bhattacharyya, G S; Gupta, S

    2014-01-01

    The office of the Drugs Controller General (India) vide order dated 19 th November 2013 has made audio visual (AV) recording of the informed consent mandatory for the conduct of all clinical trials in India. We therefore developed a standard operating procedure (SOP) to ensure that this is performed in compliance with the regulatory requirements, internationally accepted ethical standards and that the recording is stored as well as archived in an appropriate manner. The SOP was developed keeping in mind all relevant orders, regulations, laws and guidelines and have been made available online. Since, we are faced with unique legal and regulatory requirements that are unprecedented globally, this SOP will allow the AV recording of the informed consent to be performed, archived and retrieved to demonstrate ethical, legal and regulatory compliance. We also compared this to the draft guidelines for AV recording dated 9 th January 2014 developed by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization. Our future efforts will include regular testing, feedback and update of the SOP.

  18. O espaço operádico nas «Illuminations»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antônio Paganini

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste artigo, nós nos propomos a considerar o espaço operádico produzido pela escritura radical das Illuminations, de Rimbaud. Trata-se do estabelecimento de um espaço movente, cambiante, dinâmico. Um espaço antimimético e que só existe pela linguagem. Uma aproximação entre a leitura da poesia de Rimbaud e a do espaço urbano que considera o lugar do vazio na significação também é sugerido.Palavras-chave: Arthur Rimbaud; Illuminations; poesia; espaço.Resúmé: Dans cet article, nous nous proposons de considérer l’espace opéradique produit par l’écriture radicale des Illuminations, de Rimbaud. Il s’agit de l’établissement d’un espace mouvant, changeant, dynamique. Un espace antimimétique et qui n’existe que par le langage. Un rapprochement entre la lecture de la poésia de Rimbaud et celle de l’espace urbain qui considère le lieu du vide dans la signification est aussi suggeré.Mots-clés: Arthur Rimbaud; Illuminations; poésie; espace.Keywords: Arthur Rimbaud; Illuminations; poetry; space.

  19. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Places available as of 21.3.2006 (March-October course sessions) The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: find out the curren Hours Date Language ACROBAT 7.0 : Utilisation de fichiers PDF 8 8.05.06 F Project Planning with MS-Project 16 9.05-6.06.06 E STEP7: niveau 1 32 9-12.05.06 E-F Oracle: Programming with PL/SQL 24 10-12.05.06 E FileMaker - niveau 2 16 11-12.05.06 F LabVIEW Application Development 24 15-17.05.06 E LabVIEW Advanced Programming 16 18-19.05.06 E PERL 5: Advanced Aspects 8 18.05.06 E Technique du vide 16 18-19.05.06 F WORD 2003 - niveau 2 : ECDL 16 22-23.05.06 F Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE 16 23-24.05.06 F Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design 40 29.05-2.06.06 E C++ Programming Part 2 - Advanced C++ and its T...

  20. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2006-01-01

    Places available as of 9.5.2006 (May-October course sessions) The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: find out the curren Hours Date Language LabVIEW Application Development 24 15-17.05.06 E LabVIEW Advanced Programming 16 18-19.05.06 E PERL 5: Advanced Aspects 8 18.05.06 E Technique du vide 16 18-19.05.06 F FileMaker - niveau 2 16 11-12.05.06 F WORD 2003 - niveau 2 : ECDL 16 22-23.05.06 F Introduction au VHDL et utilisation du simulateur NCVHDL de CADENCE 16 23-24.05.06 F Comprehensive VHDL for FPGA Design 40 29.05-2.06.06 E C++ Programming Part 2 - Advanced C++ and its Traps and Pitfalls 32 30.05-2.06.06 E Python: Hands-on Introduction 24 7-9.06.06 E AutoCAD Mechanical 2006 16 13-14.06.06 F CERN EDMS for Local Administrators 16 13-14.06.06...

  1. Hvad sagde Platon?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostenfeld, Erik Nis

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen falder i to dele, en metodisk del og en gennemgang af hovedpunkter i Platons filosofi. Det er almindelig viden blandt oplyste, uddannede mennesker, at Platon er en af de vigtigste filosoffer overhovedet i den vesterlandske kultur. Dette illustreres af den indflydelse på filosofi......, litteratur og kultur, han har haft i de 2500 år, der er gået, siden han levede. Man mener også at vide, at Platons filosofi bl.a. indeholder forestillinger om en ideverden og en udødelig sjæl, der midlertidigt er havnet i en distraherende uvirkelig skyggeverden. Ved filosofiens hjælp kan den vende tilbage...... til skuet af ideerne. Hertil hører også billedet af den tredelte sjæl som en kusk med vognspand af to mere eller mindre uregerlige heste. Endelig er Platon forbundet med ideen om en idealstat regeret af filosoffer. Skønt alle disse forestillinger findes i Platons værk, er det ikke korrekt at antage...

  2. E-Learning and Further Education: How do Individual Learning Paths support Personal Learning Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertil Haack

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The MOPEM project includes two fixed scenarios that have been defined to convey the idea of "learning paths". Our aim in this paper is to demonstrate the contexts and conditions for flexible learning paths that can be tailored to meet individual needs. The concept of this kind of specialised path is to enable learners to individualise the learning process and to adjust it to their personal needs. We will outline the background and pro- vide examples to explain the concept of learning stations which we use in our four courses: Online Marketing, CRM Systems, Business Communications and Event Marketing. This idea of "freely" combining subject matter naturally leads to the ques- tion of multi-applicability for the learning blocks in various educational contexts. The answers to this question are interest- ing not only in terms of the feasibility of learning paths from a content and didactic point of view, but also with regard to the economic viability of E-Learning or Blended Learning Systems, which ultimately require technical implementation. In addition we will present some first thoughts on the design of a prototype "Content Pool". It would, however, only make sense to develop and implement this within the scope of a follow-up project.

  3. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: LabVIEW Intermediate 1: 11 - 13.4.2005 (3 days) ACCESS 2003 - Level 2 - ECDL AM5: 13 & 14.4.2005 (2 days) LabVIEW Intermediate 2: 14 & 15.4.2005 (2 days) PowerPoint 2003 (F) : 25.4.2005 (1 jour) WORD 2003 - niveau 1 : 2 & 3.5.2005 (2 jours) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 9 & 10.5.2005 (2 jours) ANSYS Workbench (F) : 9 - 12.5.2005 (4 jours) ELEC-2005 - Summer Term: System electronics for physics - Issues : 10, 12, 17, 19, 24, 26 & 31.5.2005 (7 x 2h lectures) La technique du vide : 12 & 13.5.2005 (2 jours) Finite State Machines in the JCOP Framework: 24 - 26.5.2005 (3 days) The Joint PVSS JCOP Framework ; 30.5 - 3.6.2005 (5 days) LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) ENSEIGNEMENT ...

  4. Technical Training: Places available

    CERN Document Server

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    The number of places available may vary. Please check our Web site to find out the current availability. Places are available on the following courses: PowerPoint 2003 (F) : 25.4.2005 (1 jour) WORD 2003 - niveau 1 : 2 & 3.5.2005 (2 jours) FrontPage 2003 - niveau 1 : 9 & 10.5.2005 (2 jours) ANSYS Workbench (F) : 9 - 12.5.2005 (4 jours) ELEC-2005 - Summer Term: System electronics for physics - Issues : 10, 12, 17, 19, 24, 26 & 31.5.2005 (7 x 2h lectures) AutoCAD 2005 - niveau 1 : 11, 12, 18, 19.5.2005 (4 jours) ACCESS 2003 - Level 1: ECDL M5 : 11 & 12.5.2005 (2 days) La technique du vide : 12 & 13.5.2005 (2 jours) Finite State Machines in the JCOP Framework: 24 - 26.5.2005 (3 days) The Joint PVSS JCOP Framework: 30.5 - 3.6.2005 (5 days) LabVIEW Migration 6 to 7: 14.6.2005 (1 day) Introduction to ANSYS: 21 - 24.6.2005 (4 days) ENSEIGNEMENT TECHNIQUE TECHNICAL TRAINING Monique Duval 74924 tech...

  5. 153rd Colloquium of the International Astronomical Union

    CERN Document Server

    Kosugi, Takeo; Hudson, Hugh

    1996-01-01

    These are the Proceedings of Colloquium No. 153 of the International Astro­ nomical Union, held at Makuhari near Tokyo on May 22 - 26, 1995, and hosted by the National Astronomical Observatory. This meeting was intended to be an interdisciplinary meeting between re­ searchers of solar and stellar activity, in order for them to exchange the newest information in each field. While each of these areas has seen remarkable advances in recent years, and while the researchers in each field have felt that information from the other's domain would be extremely useful in their own work, there have not been very many opportunities for intensive exchanges of information between these closely related fields. We therefore expected much from this meeting in pro­ viding stellar researchers with new results of research on the counterparts of their targets of research, spatially and temporarily resolved, as observed on the Sun. Likewise we hoped to provide solar researchers with new results on gigantic ver­ sions of their ...

  6. Effet de la concentration du cuivre ou de l'argent sur les propriétés des agrégats de rhodium déposés sur silice amorphe dans l'hydrogénation du 1,3 butadiène

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksibi, Z.; Ghorbel1, A.; Bellamy, B.

    1999-02-01

    Some samples with rhodium, rhodium-copper and rhodium-silver deposited on amorphous silica by vapor deposition of the metallic phase under high-vacuum (P argent déposés sur une silice amorphe par vapodéposition d'une phase métallique dans des conditions ultra-vide (P argent sur les propriétés catalytiques du rhodium dans l'hydrogénation du 1,3 butadiène ont été étudiés. Les résultats montrent que la réaction étudiée est sensible à la taille des agrégats de rhodium et nous notons une différence importante entre l'effet du cuivre et de l'argent sur les propriétés du rhodium. En effet le cuivre forme un alliage avec le rhodium et provoque un effet poison d?où une modification de l'activité du métal noble, alors que l'argent exerce un effet de masque sur les particules de rhodium sans toutefois former d'alliage avec ce dernier.

  7. On high b diffusion imaging in the human brain: ruminations and experimental insights✩

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulkern, Robert V.; Haker, Steven J.; Maier, Stephan E.

    2010-01-01

    Interest in the manner in which brain tissue signal decays with b factor in diffusion imaging schemes has grown in recent years following the observation that the decay curves depart from purely monoexponential decay behavior. Regardless of the model or fitting function proposed for characterizing sufficiently sampled decay curves (vide infra), the departure from monoexponentiality spells increased tissue characterization potential. The degree to which this potential can be harnessed to improve specificity, sensitivity and spatial localization of diseases in brain, and other tissues, largely remains to be explored. Furthermore, the degree to which currently popular diffusion tensor imaging methods, including visually impressive white matter fiber “tractography” results, have almost completely ignored the nonmonoexponential nature of the basic signal decay with b factor is worthy of communal introspection. Here we limit our attention to a review of the basic experimental features associated with brain water signal diffusion decay curves as measured over extended b-factor ranges, the simple few parameter fitting functions that have been proposed to characterize these decays and the more involved models, e.g.,“ruminations,” which have been proposed to account for the nonmonoexponentiality to date. PMID:19520535

  8. On high b diffusion imaging in the human brain: ruminations and experimental insights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulkern, Robert V; Haker, Steven J; Maier, Stephan E

    2009-10-01

    Interest in the manner in which brain tissue signal decays with b factor in diffusion imaging schemes has grown in recent years following the observation that the decay curves depart from purely monoexponential decay behavior. Regardless of the model or fitting function proposed for characterizing sufficiently sampled decay curves (vide infra), the departure from monoexponentiality spells increased tissue characterization potential. The degree to which this potential can be harnessed to improve specificity, sensitivity and spatial localization of diseases in brain, and other tissues, largely remains to be explored. Furthermore, the degree to which currently popular diffusion tensor imaging methods, including visually impressive white matter fiber "tractography" results, have almost completely ignored the nonmonoexponential nature of the basic signal decay with b factor is worthy of communal introspection. Here we limit our attention to a review of the basic experimental features associated with brain water signal diffusion decay curves as measured over extended b-factor ranges, the simple few parameter fitting functions that have been proposed to characterize these decays and the more involved models, e.g.,"ruminations," which have been proposed to account for the nonmonoexponentiality to date.

  9. Enhancements to VTK enabling Scientific Visualization in Immersive Environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Leary, Patrick; Jhaveri, Sankhesh; Chaudhary, Aashish; Sherman, William; Martin, Ken; Lonie, David; Whiting, Eric; Money, James

    2017-04-01

    Modern scientific, engineering and medical computational sim- ulations, as well as experimental and observational data sens- ing/measuring devices, produce enormous amounts of data. While statistical analysis provides insight into this data, scientific vi- sualization is tactically important for scientific discovery, prod- uct design and data analysis. These benefits are impeded, how- ever, when scientific visualization algorithms are implemented from scratch—a time-consuming and redundant process in im- mersive application development. This process can greatly ben- efit from leveraging the state-of-the-art open-source Visualization Toolkit (VTK) and its community. Over the past two (almost three) decades, integrating VTK with a virtual reality (VR) environment has only been attempted to varying degrees of success. In this pa- per, we demonstrate two new approaches to simplify this amalga- mation of an immersive interface with visualization rendering from VTK. In addition, we cover several enhancements to VTK that pro- vide near real-time updates and efficient interaction. Finally, we demonstrate the combination of VTK with both Vrui and OpenVR immersive environments in example applications.

  10. The past and present of female associations in the Region of Campania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriella Botti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available During the post-war period there was a widespread people's mobilization, in which women devoted themselves to social work. This also involved a great commitment to politics.Female historian associations contributed to women's commitment to social work and the creation of a women's relevant role in the country reconstruction. In particu-lar, Unione Donne Italiane (Udi and Centro Italiano Femminile (Cif were the two mass female associations related to the two most relevant political parties in the post-war period (i.e. Partito Comunista Italiano and Democrazia Cristiana.Besides being involved in institutional matters, women were also engaged in ac-tivities on the spot throughout Italy.The issue is whether female associations have, at present, lost their presence on the spot in such a disruptive time.In the post-war period women were involved in the country reconstruction by pro-viding people with socially supportive activities. These activities received an official acknowledgement by the State through the creation of a welfare state and new profes-sionals such as social workers.Nowadays, however, commitment to social work is not any longer a successful link to the job market for women.

  11. Pigmalione: le forme e la struttura di un mito di sublimazione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darwine Delvecchio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’obiettivo di questo articolo è quello di tentare una definizione dei fenomeni del pigmalionismo e dell’effetto Pigmalione attraverso il confronto di alcune versioni del mito, e in particolare di quelle ‘superiori’, vale a dire quelle di Ovidio e di Rousseau, e delle interpretazioni avanzate da alcuni critici, come Maurizio Bettini, Gianpiero Rosati, Emilio Pianezzola, Charles Segal e Piero Bernardini Marzolla. Data la propria selettività, questa ricognizione non ha alcuna pretesa di esaustività documentaria: non si intende quindi fornire un repertorio completo delle successive variazioni, ma compiere un’analisi strutturale del mito considerandone le diverse declinazioni in una prospettiva sincronica. Una volta mostrato che, da un certo momento in avanti, l’artista che seppe commuovere gli dèi olimpici e vide esaudito da loro il proprio desiderio d’amore diventa suo malgrado protagonista di vicende comiche, nelle quali sarà l’oggetto principale delle beffe, si passerà a un punto di vista diacronico per mostrare che il Pygmalion di George Bernard Shaw rappresenta nella maniera più caratteristica e problematica il passaggio dal mito all’anti-mito.

  12. An Effective Framework For Economic Dispatch Using Modified Harmony Search Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Advik Kumar

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The effects of ever-increasing wind power generation for solving the economic dispatch ED problem have led to high penetration of renewable energy source in new power systems. Continuing search for better utilizing of wind turbine associated with thermal sources to find the optimal allocation of output power is necessary in which pro-vide more reliability and efficiency. Dynamic nature of wind energy has imposed uncertainties characteristics in the poser systems. To deal with this problem an effective probabilistic method to investigate all unpredictability would be a good idea to make more realistic analysis. This paper presents a heuristics optimization method based on harmony search HS algorithm to solve non-convex ED problems while uncertainties effects caused by wind turbines are considered. To involve a realistic analysis as a more practical investigation the proposed probabilistic ED PED approach includes prohibited operating zone POZ system spinning reserve ramp rate limits variety of fuel is considered in this studies. Point Estimate Method PEM as a proposed PED model the uncertainties of wind speed for wind turbines to present better realization to the problem. Optimal solution are presented for vari-ous test system and these solutions demonstrate the benefits of our approach in terms of cost over existing ED techniques.

  13. Les unites sémantiques de l' anaphorique français en dans la representation elliptique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Pogačnik

    1976-12-01

    Full Text Available En fait partie des anaphoriques, c'est-à-dire des mots qui ne se réalisent pour la plupart des cas que dans un discours, dans un contexte. Sur ce plan, la dé- finition de Tesnière parlant des "mots vides sur le plan statique" et des "mots pleins sur le plan dynamique", ou encore des "mots pleins virtuels", nous paraît très juste et satisfaisante. Car il s' agit généralement des mots (pronoms et adjectifs - personnels; possessifs, démonstratifs, relatifs; verbe faire; adverbes ainsi, aussi, comme ça, là etc. qui reprennent les antécédents auxquels ils se refèrent et par rapport auxquels ils sont "anaphoriques". La question de la fréquente anticipation des anaphoriques n' est qu' un probleme secondaire (p. ex.: Elle nous embête, la bonne femme. C 'est inoui, cette histoire. Il a vite fait de se barrer.

  14. Proposition de Mesures Magnétiques pour le Projet AD (hormis les dipôles de correction)

    CERN Document Server

    Cornuet, D

    1997-01-01

    Pour le projet AD (Antiproton Decelerator), c'est la machine AC (Antiproton Collector) qui va être utilisée. Mais il s'agit non plus de fonctionner à courant constant (correspondant à 3,57 GeV/c) mais de décélérer le faisceau d'antiprotons à courant variable et stabilisation sur différents paliers décroissants (3,57 GeV/c, 2 GeV/c, 300 MeV/c pour le refroidissement) afin d'éjecter à basse énergie (correspondant à 100 MeV/c). Les aimants de la machine AC avaient été shimmés et optimisés pour 3,57 GeV/c (références 1 et 2). Dans ce nouveau contexte de la machine AD, il convient de vérifier si un compromis des shimmings existants ne doit pas être trouvé pour obtenir une homogénéité de champ à toutes énergies. Il faut vérifier aussi que les courants de Foucault induits dans les chambres à vide rectangulaires ne perturbent pas la qualité de champ. La possibilité d'utiliser des sondes NMR comme marqueurs de train B est aussi étudiée.

  15. Contrôle des circuits auxiliaires des P.F.W. (arret machine 2004/2006, après rénovation de 25 aimants)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2006-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d'aimant et constituées d'un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et ?pick-up? brasés sur les enroulements principaux). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l'aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l'arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre ?pick-up? et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Des mesures ont été faites au début du grand arrêt en décembre 2004 afin de définir quels aimants seraient à rénover (l'état des PFW e...

  16. Contrôle des Circuits Auxiliaires des P.F.W. (arrêt machine 2003/2004)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2004-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d'aimant et constituées d'un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et des circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et "pick-up" brasés sur les enroulements principaux). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique del'aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l'arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures de résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre "pick-up" et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Les 404 PFW sont ainsi vérifiées. Dans cette note, on ne relèvera que les PFW ayant des défauts (valeurs hors tolérances, boucles ouvertes ...

  17. Contrôle des circuits auxiliaires des P.F.W. (arret machine 2004/2006)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2005-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d’aimant et constituées d’un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et “pick-up” brasés sur les enroulements principaux). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l’aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux pertes par courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l’arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre “pick-up” et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Les 404 PFW sont ainsi vérifiées. Dans cette note, on ne relèvera que les PFW ayant des défauts (valeurs hors tolérances, ...

  18. Contrôle des Circuits Auxiliaires des PFW (arrêt machines 2002/2003)

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, J

    2003-01-01

    Les PFW sont des nappes polaires installées sur les pôles des aimants du PS. Elles sont au nombre de 4 par unité d aimant et constituées d un circuit principal (dans lequel circule le courant désiré selon le cycle magnétique utilisé) et de circuits auxiliaires. Les circuits auxiliaires sont des enroulements de correction (boucles de tour et pick-up brasés sur les enroulements). Pendant la variation du champ magnétique de l aimant PS, on utilise des tensions induites dans ces circuits auxiliaires pour corriger les erreurs de champ dues aux courants de Foucault dans la chambre à vide. Chaque année, pendant l arrêt machine, on vérifie si les caractéristiques des circuits auxiliaires correspondent aux normes (mesures des résistances des boucles de tours, résistances entre pick-up et isolation des circuits) afin de faire un suivi. Les 404 PFW sont ainsi vérifiées. Dans cette note, on ne relèvera que les PFW ayant des défauts (valeurs hors tolérances, boucles ouvertes ou en court-circuit, déf...

  19. La plénitude de l'Univers

    CERN Document Server

    Bohm, David

    1987-01-01

    "Selon les calculs de Bohm, chaque centimètre cube d'espace vide contient plus d'énergie que ce qu'on pourrait trouver dans toute la matière de l'univers connu. L'univers entier, tel que nous le connaissons, n'est qu'une simple petite trace d'excitation quantifiée en forme de vague, une ride dans cet immense océan d'énergie cosmique. C'est cet arrière-plan énergétique caché qui engendre les projections tridimensionnelles constituant le monde phénoménal que nous percevons dans notre vie de tous les jours... " N'importe quel événement, objet ou entité, observable et descriptible, quel qu'il soit, est abstrait, d'un flux uni, indéfinissable et inconnu, le holomouvement... " David Bohm offre une nouvelle vision globale du monde qui représente une révision radicale de l'image de l'univers découlant de la science traditionnelle. Bien qu'inspiré à l'origine par les paradoxes de la physique quantique relativiste, son modèle offre de profondes implications concernant un vaste éventail de discipl...

  20. Creating Hierarchical Pores by Controlled Linker Thermolysis in Multivariate Metal-Organic Frameworks

    KAUST Repository

    Feng, Liang

    2018-01-18

    Sufficient pore size, appropriate stability and hierarchical porosity are three prerequisites for open frameworks designed for drug delivery, enzyme immobilization and catalysis involving large molecules. Herein, we report a powerful and general strate-gy, linker thermolysis, to construct ultra-stable hierarchically porous metal−organic frameworks (HP-MOFs) with tunable pore size distribution. Linker instability, usually an undesirable trait of MOFs, was exploited to create mesopores by generating crystal defects throughout a microporous MOF crystal via thermolysis. The crystallinity and stability of HP-MOFs remain after thermolabile linkers are selectively removed from multivariate metal-organic frameworks (MTV-MOFs) through a decarboxyla-tion process. A domain-based linker spatial distribution was found to be critical for creating hierarchical pores inside MTV-MOFs. Furthermore, linker thermolysis promotes the formation of ultra-small metal oxide (MO) nanoparticles immobilized in an open framework that exhibits high catalytic activity for Lewis acid catalyzed reactions. Most importantly, this work pro-vides fresh insights into the connection between linker apportionment and vacancy distribution, which may shed light on prob-ing the disordered linker apportionment in multivariate systems, a long-standing challenge in the study of MTV-MOFs.

  1. Speciālās izglītības skolotāja sadarbība ar 4-5 gadīga bērna ģimeni

    OpenAIRE

    Velpa, Dana

    2018-01-01

    Diplomdarba tēma: ”Speciālās izglītības skolotāja sadarbība ar 4 - 5 gadīgu bērna ģimeni”. Diplomdarba vadītāja: Rasma Vīgante Diplomdarba autore: Dana Velpa Diplomdarba mērķis: Izpētīt speciālās izglītības skolotāja un ģimenes sadarbības iespējas. Bērna ģimene ir vide, kurā bērns ar speciālām vajadzībām saņem nepārtrauktu atbalstu. Veidojot sadarbību speciālās izglītības skolotājam ar 4 - 5 gadīgu bērna ģimeni, atbalsts kļūs vispusīgs. Diplomdarba mērķis un uzdevumi ir pētīt, analizēt speciā...

  2. LHC gets the ball rolling

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    1. The multidisciplinary team responsible for the RF ball project to check the interconnections. From left to right: Rhodri Jones (AB/BI), Eva Calvo (AB/BI), Francesco Bertinelli (AT/MCS), Sonia Bartolome Jimenez (TS/IC), Sylvain Weisz (TS/IC), Paul Cruikshank (AT/VAC), Willemjan Maan (AT/VAC), Alain Poncet (AT/MCS), Marek Gasior (AB/BI).2. During the tests the ball is inserted very carefully into the vacuum chamber.1. Le groupe pluridisciplinaire qui a mené le projet de balle RF pour vérifier les interconnexions avec, de gauche à droite, Rhodri Jones (AB/BI), Eva Calvo (AB/BI), Francesco Bertinelli (AT/MCS), Sonia Bartolome Jimenez (TS/IC), Sylvain Weisz (TS/IC), Paul Cruikshank (AT/VAC), Willemjan Maan (AT/VAC), Alain Poncet (AT/MCS) et Marek Gasior (AB/BI).2. Lors des tests, la balle est insérée dans la chambre à vide avec beaucoup de précaution.

  3. Period and cohort trends for mortality and cigarette consumption in England and Wales, 1946 to 1980, with emphasis on sex ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burch, P R

    1988-01-01

    In an earlier paper (Burch P. R. J. J Chron Dis 1981; 34: 87-103) changes in sex- and age-specific mortality from all causes of death in England and Wales were studied in relation to changes in sex- and age-specific cigarette consumption. The absence of a consistent correlation between the two variables, and the general characteristics of the data, suggested that studies of sex ratios might provide a better test of the hypothesis that the association between smoking and mortality has a causal basis. In this paper temporal changes in the sex ratio of cumulative cigarette consumption by cohort, and of smoking rates by age, are considered in relation to changes in the sex ratio of mortality. Again, no consistent correlations emerge and it is evident that factors other than smoking have played a dominant part in determining recent changes in the sex ratio of mortality in all age groups from 35-39 to 80-84 years. Among these "other factors" are birth cohort effects that can be attributed, in part, to birth cohort changes in the sex ratio of mortality from bronchitis and emphysema. The present results, together with other evidence (vide supra; and Burch P. R. J. J Chron Dis 1984; 37: 148-156), show that great care needs to be exercised when attempts are made to deduce causation from epidemiologic surveys.

  4. Looking for missing earthquake traces in the Ferrara-Modena plain: an update on historical seismicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Castelli

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available According to the latest issue of the Italian seismic catalogue [Rovida et al. 2011], the area most affected by the May-June 2012 Emilia sequence [for an overview, vide Galli et al. 2012; Tertulliani et al. 2012, this volume] has a centuries-old seismic history of comparatively low magnitude events. These have been on a par with those that have occurred in the nearby Reggiano-Parmense area (where M 4.5 to M 5.5 earthquakes were comparatively frequent in the last century, although less significant than those on record in the portion of the northern Apennines that forms the southern boundary of the Pia-nura Padana (Figure 1, and a lot lower than in the most seismically active zones of the Italian peninsula. Magnitude ca. 5.5 earthquakes are known to have occurred near Ferrara (in 1346, 1561 and in the areas of Finale Emilia-Bondeno (1574, 1908, 1986, Mantua (1901 and Cento (1922. However, this picture might be incomplete, as suggested by the recent discovery of a previously unknown earthquake that occurred in 1639, whose maximum intensity was assessed as 7-8 Mercalli–Cancani–Sieberg (MCS in Finale Emilia by Camassi et al. [2011a]. [...

  5. Characterization and classification of vegetation canopy structure and distribution within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park using LiDAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL; HargroveJr., William Walter [United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States Forest Service (USFS); Norman, Steven P [United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), United States Forest Service (USFS); Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL; Newcomb, Doug [U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

    2015-01-01

    Vegetation canopy structure is a critically important habit characteristic for many threatened and endangered birds and other animal species, and it is key information needed by forest and wildlife managers for monitoring and managing forest resources, conservation planning and fostering biodiversity. Advances in Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technologies have enabled remote sensing-based studies of vegetation canopies by capturing three-dimensional structures, yielding information not available in two-dimensional images of the landscape pro- vided by traditional multi-spectral remote sensing platforms. However, the large volume data sets produced by airborne LiDAR instruments pose a significant computational challenge, requiring algorithms to identify and analyze patterns of interest buried within LiDAR point clouds in a computationally efficient manner, utilizing state-of-art computing infrastructure. We developed and applied a computationally efficient approach to analyze a large volume of LiDAR data and to characterize and map the vegetation canopy structures for 139,859 hectares (540 sq. miles) in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. This study helps improve our understanding of the distribution of vegetation and animal habitats in this extremely diverse ecosystem.

  6. CERN Technical Training: Open Courses (July 2007)

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The following course sessions are currently scheduled in the framework of the CERN Technical Training Programme 2007: ANSYS – Classical (French) 16.7.-20.7.2007 (5 days, 2 places available) CERN – EDMS – MTF en pratique 17.07.2007 (1 day, 6 places available) WORD 2007 – Niveau 1 ECDL 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 9 places available) Introduction to Databases and Database Design (English) 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 2 places available) Technique du vide (French): 24.7.-25.7.2007 (2 days, 6 places available) Excel 2007 – Niveau 1 ECDL 26.7.-27.7.2007 (2 days, 8 places available) If you are interested in attending any of the above course sessions, please discuss with your supervisor and/or your DTO, and apply electronically via EDH from the course description pages that can be found here under ‘Upcoming course sessions’, with the detailed course programs. Please do check our web-site for the latest number of places available for a given scheduled course. The complet...

  7. Null Environmental Effects of the Cosmic Web on Dark Matter Halo Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, Tze; Primack, Joel; Aragon-Calvo, Miguel; Hellinger, Doug; Rodriguez-Puebla, Aldo; Lee, Christoph; Eckleholm, Elliot; Johnston, Kathryn

    2018-01-01

    We study the effects of the cosmic web environment (filaments, voids and walls) and environmental density on key properties of dark matter halos at redshift z = 0 using the Bolshoi-Planck ΛCDM. The z=0 Bolshoi-Planck simulation is analysed into filaments, voids and walls using the SpineWeb method, as well as VIDE method, both of which use Voronoi tessellation and the watershed transform. The key halo properties that we study are the mass accretion rate, spin parameter, concentration, prolateness, scale factor of the last major merger, and scale factor when the halo had half of its z=0 mass. For all these properties, we find that there is no discernible difference between the halo properties in filaments, walls or voids when compared at the same environmental density. As a result, we conclude that environmental density is the core attribute that affects these properties. This conclusion is in line with recent findings that properties of galaxies in redshift surveys are independent of their cosmic web environment at the same environmental density. We also find that the local web environment of the Milky Way and the Andromeda galaxy near the centre of a cosmic wall does not appear to have any effect on the key properties of these galaxies' dark matter halos, although we find that it is rather rare to have such massive halos near the centre of a relatively small cosmic wall.

  8. Feedback på arbejdspladser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holdt Christensen, Peter

    Feedback på arbejdspladser er vigtig. Men feedback er også et populært begreb mange taler med om uden dog at vide sig helt sikker på hvad det er. Formålet med denne bog er at bidrage til en bedre forståelse af hvad feedback er, hvordan det fungerer og dermed hvordan arbejdspladser bedst muligt bør...... understøtte feedback. Med udgangspunkt i forskningen identificeres centrale udfordringer ved feedback, bl.a. hvorfor det kan være svært at give præcis feedback, hvordan forholdet mellem lederen og den ansatte påvirker den feedback der gives, og hvad der kendetegner en feedback kultur. Bogen er skrevet til...... undervisere og studerende på videregående uddannelser samt praktikere der ønsker en systematisk og forskningsbaseret forståelse af feedback på arbejdspladser. Bogen er således ikke en kogebog til bedre feedback, men en analyse og diskussion af hvad forskningen ved om feedback, og bidrager med inspiration og...

  9. At sige farvel gennem ritualer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sangild Stølen, Karen Marie

    2006-01-01

    Dette projekt undersøger ritualers betydning for pårørende i forlængelse af en nærtsståendes død. Ritualer forstås som en del af den åndelige omsorg i sygeplejen. Fokus er rituelle handlinger i forlængelse af dødsfald på hospice, f.eks. at se afdøde, istandgørelse af afdøde og udsyngning. Metoden...... er hermeneutisk fænomenologisk med fem kvalitative interview med pårørende. Der fremkommer tre overordnede temaer: at sige farvel gennem ritualer, at have tid nok, at vide at der er hjælp. Temaerne diskuteres i lyset af Stifoss- Hansens teori om ritualers betydning og Travelbees eksistentialistiske...... syn på sygepleje samt andre relevante videnskabelige undersøgelser og teorier. Det konkluderes, at pårørende benytter sig af traditionelle og personlige ritualer og at ritualers sociale, psykologiske og åndelige betydnininger væver sig ind i hinanden. Pårørende har individuelle ønsker og behov i...

  10. The potential to intensify sulforaphane formation in cooked broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) using mustard seeds (Sinapis alba).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghawi, Sameer Khalil; Methven, Lisa; Niranjan, Keshavan

    2013-06-01

    Sulforaphane, a naturally occurring cancer chemopreventive, is the hydrolysis product of glucoraphanin, the main glucosinolate in broccoli. The hydrolysis requires myrosinase isoenzyme to be present in sufficient activity; however, processing leads to its denaturation and hence reduced hydrolysis. In this study, the effect of adding mustard seeds, which contain a more resilient isoform of myrosinase, to processed broccoli was investigated with a view to intensify the formation of sulforaphane. Thermal inactivation of myrosinase from both broccoli and mustard seeds was studied. Thermal degradation of broccoli glucoraphanin was investigated in addition to the effects of thermal processing on the formation of sulforaphane and sulforaphane nitrile. Limited thermal degradation of glucoraphanin (less than 12%) was observed when broccoli was placed in vacuum sealed bag (sous vide) and cooked in a water bath at 100°C for 8 and 12 min. Boiling broccoli in water prevented the formation of any significant levels of sulforaphane due to inactivated myrosinase. However, addition of powdered mustard seeds to the heat processed broccoli significantly increased the formation of sulforaphane. Crown Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Henri Lopès : d’Une Quête Incessante à une identité plurielle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Simédoh

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans plusieurs oeuvres d’Henri Lopès, les personnages sont constamment en quête d’une identité. Une quête qu’ils entament comme un parcours puisque désormais ils vivent au confluent de plusieurs cultures et ils se sentent comme en exil. Ce n’est pas forcément un exil extérieur parce qu’ils ont quitté leur pays d’origine mais c’est plutôt un exil intérieur. Ainsi les personnages se sentent incapables de se situer par rapport à eux-mêmes et à autrui. Dès lors surgit une tentation, celle de se réfugier dans le souvenir qui n’existe même plus. La mémoire s’estompe. L’histoire elle-même fuit et disparaît. Ce qui fait naître chez les personnages un vide qui conduit à un malaise identitaire, d’où déchirement. En face de cet écartèlement, surgit une multitude de pistes. Et c’est dans cette perspective qu’Henri Lopès propose une identité plurielle.

  12. Homages

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Juan Antonio Rubio, 1944 – 2010 La mort de l’ami Juan Antonio nous a frappés en plein cœur comme un coup de tonnerre. Les collègues qui le connaissaient et qui l’ont vu à la célébration des 50 ans du PS le 20 décembre 2009 ne pouvaient pas imaginer sa disparition si soudaine. Sa discrétion et son courage ne lui ont pas fait défaut jusqu’à la fin. Le professeur Juan Antonio, défenseur infatigable de notre Organisation et de son personnel, a dû céder à l’issue inexorable de la terrible maladie qui s’est emparée de sa vitalité et de son indomptable énergie. Sa disparition laisse un grand vide. Chercheur expérimental émérite, il a été l’instigateur et le protagoniste de la participation de l’Esp...

  13. Techniques de formage et d'assemblage

    CERN Document Server

    Favre, G; CERN. Geneva. TS Department

    2004-01-01

    Les sections Techniques d'Assemblage du groupe EST/MF et Brasage du groupe EST/SM ont été groupées en un seul service dans un but de rationalisation accrue des ressources et méthodes. Ce service dispose de nombreux moyens : soudure et découpe LASER (YAG, 350 W), soudure par faisceau d'électrons (deux installations, 35 et 7.5 kW), équipements TIG orbital, jet line, MIG, soudure plasma, boîte à gants, portique de soudage trois axes multiprocédés, presses plieuses, rouleuses, moyens de repoussage, alimentation à induction 12 kW et divers fours sous vide et à air. Le service est composé de 17 personnes dont la polyvalence est encouragée. Les activités de la section seront décrites à travers quelques exemples significatifs récents, notamment : l'assemblage des amenées de courant HTS, la réalisation des chambres LSS, des tubes HET, d'enveloppes céramiques pour détecteurs PET-HPD, le brasage de RFQ, la soudure du Barrel d'ATLAS ou encore le soudage des lignes de thermalisation du toroïde d'AT...

  14. Relation between Seed Appearance and Phenolic Maturity: A Case Study Using Grapes cv. Carménère Relación entre Apariencia de Semillas y Madurez Fenólica: Un Estudio de Caso usando Uvas cv. Carménère

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Fredes

    2010-09-01

    semanalmente 100 bayas desde vides de vigor medio con el fin de registrar fotográficamente las caras ventral y dorsal de cada semilla, comenzando las mediciones a los 16 ºBrix. Además del porcentaje de taninos de semilla, las antocianas extraíbles, antocianas totales y el índice de polifenoles totales, como también el pH, acidez y los sólidos solubles fueron registrados. Una rueda de color de la cubierta de semilla con una descripción de 12 colores digitales fue propuesta para este cultivar. Cuando el color excedió el número 10 (café muy oscuro, los sólidos solubles habían alcanzado los 24 ºBrix un mes antes. Dos correlaciones inversas entre el color de cubierta de semilla vs. porcentaje de taninos de semilla y vs. índice de polifenoles totales fueron encontradas. La madurez fenólica adecuada (máximo de antocianas y mínimo de taninos de semilla ocurrió 177 días posfloración. La observación del color de cubierta de semilla puede ser un parámetro confiable, simple y económico para determinar la correcta madurez de fenoles en vides ‘Carménère’.

  15. Study of the thermal and hydraulic phenomena occurring during power excursion on a heated test section; Etude des phenomenes thermiques et hydrauliques accompagnant une excursion rapide de puissance sur un canal chauffant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nyer, M. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    'essais parallipedique a 600 mm de long, 35 mm de large et 2,9 mm d'entrefer; elle simule deux demi-plaques d'un element combustible M.T.R. II est possible de realiser dans la section d'essais un ecoulement d'eau en convection forcee ou sans convection, la hauteur d'eau surmontant le canal peut etre reglee entre 2.8 et 8 metres et la pression maximale admissible a sa sortie est de 4 atm. abs. La source de puissance est un ensemble de batteries au plomb montees en serie, capable de fournir pendant de courts instants un courant de 25000 A sous 85 V; il est possible de realiser, en fonction du temps, des montees en puissance lineaires, exponentielles ou sous forme de creneaux. Un enregistreur magnetique a 14 pistes (bande passante 0, 10000 Hz) permet d'enregistrer les mesures de temperature (thermocouples de 8/100 mm de diametre), de pression et de taux de vide (par absorption de rayons X). Le dispositif experimental a permis d'effectuer plus de 500 essais; certains ont ete realises avec une puissance de 3000 W/cm dissipee pendant 50 millisecondes. On a etudie l'influence de la temperature initiale de l'eau, du debit, de la pression et de la hauteur de la colonne d'eau surmontant le canal, sur les ejections d'eau, les variations de pression et de taux de vide dans le canal. L'energie au-dessus de laquelle des instabilites apparaissent dans le canal a ete determinee; une interpretation des phenomenes observes ainsi qu'un modele theorique simplifie les representant est propose. (auteur)

  16. Safety and science at sea: connecting science research settings to the classroom through live video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E.; Peart, L. W.

    2011-12-01

    Many science teachers start the year off with classroom safety topics. Annual repetition helps with mastery of this important and basic knowledge, while helping schools to meet their legal obligations for safe lab science. Although these lessons are necessary, they are often topical, rarely authentic and relatively dull. Interesting connections can, however, be drawn between the importance of safety in science classrooms and the importance of safety in academic laboratories, fieldwork, shipboard research, and commercial research. Teachers can leverage these connections through live video interactions with scientists in the field, thereby creating an authentic learning environment. During the School of Rock 2009, a professional teacher research experience aboard the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program's research vessel JOIDES Resolution, safety and nature-of-science curricula were created to help address this need. By experimenting with various topics and locations on the ship that were accessible and applicable to middle school learning, 43 highly visual "safety signs" and activities were identified and presented "live" by graduate students, teachers, scientists; the ship's mates, doctor and technical staff. Students were exposed to realistic science process skills along with safety content from the world's only riserless, deep-sea drilling research vessel. The once-in-a-lifetime experience caused the students' eyes to brighten behind their safety glasses, especially as they recognized the same eye wash station and safety gear they have to wear and attended a ship's fire and safety drill along side scientists in hard hats and personal floatation devices. This collaborative and replicable live vide approach will connect basic safety content and nature-of-science process skills for a memorable and authentic learning experience for students.

  17. Evaluating OpenSHMEM Explicit Remote Memory Access Operations and Merged Requests

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehm, Swen [ORNL; Pophale, Swaroop S [ORNL; Gorentla Venkata, Manjunath [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

    2016-01-01

    The OpenSHMEM Library Specification has evolved consid- erably since version 1.0. Recently, non-blocking implicit Remote Memory Access (RMA) operations were introduced in OpenSHMEM 1.3. These provide a way to achieve better overlap between communication and computation. However, the implicit non-blocking operations do not pro- vide a separate handle to track and complete the individual RMA opera- tions. They are guaranteed to be completed after either a shmem quiet(), shmem barrier() or a shmem barrier all() is called. These are global com- pletion and synchronization operations. Though this semantic is expected to achieve a higher message rate for the applications, the drawback is that it does not allow fine-grained control over the completion of RMA operations. In this paper, first, we introduce non-blocking RMA operations with requests, where each operation has an explicit request to track and com- plete the operation. Second, we introduce interfaces to merge multiple requests into a single request handle. The merged request tracks multiple user-selected RMA operations, which provides the flexibility of tracking related communication operations with one request handle. Lastly, we explore the implications in terms of performance, productivity, usability and the possibility of defining different patterns of communication via merging of requests. Our experimental results show that a well designed and implemented OpenSHMEM stack can hide the overhead of allocating and managing the requests. The latency of RMA operations with requests is similar to blocking and implicit non-blocking RMA operations. We test our implementation with the Scalable Synthetic Compact Applications (SSCA #1) benchmark and observe that using RMA operations with requests and merging of these requests outperform the implementation using blocking RMA operations and implicit non-blocking operations by 49% and 74% respectively.

  18. Anxiety- and depressive-like profiles during early- and mid-adolescence in the female Wistar Kyoto rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Souza, Deepthi; Sadananda, Monika

    2017-02-01

    Approaches for the development of preclinical models of depression extensively use adult and male animals owing to the discrepancies arising out of the hormonal flux in adult females and adolescents during attainment of puberty. Thus the increased vulnerability of females towards clinical depression and anxiety-related disorders remains incompletely understood. Development of clinical models of depression in adolescent females is essential in order to evolve effective treatment strategies for adolescent depression. In the present study, we have examined the anxiety and depressive-like profiles in a putative animal model of childhood depression, the Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat, during early adolescence (∼postnatal day 30) and mid-adolescence (∼postnatal day 40). Female adolescent WKY rats, tested on a series of behavioural tests modelling anxiety- and depressive-like behaviours with age-matched Wistars as controls, demonstrated marked differences during early adolescence in a strain- and age-specific manner. Anxiety indices were obtained from exposure to the elevated plus maze, where social communication vide 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations was also assessed, while immobility and other parameters in the forced swim test were screened for depressive-like profiles. Sucrose preference, used as a measure of anhedonia in animals, was lower in WKYs at both ages tested and decreased with age. Anxiety-related behaviours were prominent in WKY rats only during early adolescence. WKY female rats are anxious during early adolescence and exhibit anhedonia as a core symptom of depression during early- and mid-adolescence, thus indicating that inclusion of female animals in preclinical trials is essential and will contribute to gender-based approaches to diagnosis and treatment of adolescent depression in females. Copyright © 2016 ISDN. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Les débuts d'une revue néo-salafiste : Muhibb al-Dîn al-Khatîb et Al-Fath de 1926 à 1928

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Al-Fath, hebdomadaire du réformisme musulman égyptien, naquit en 1926 au Caire, et parut régulièrement jusqu'après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ce journal fut fondé par Muhibb al-Dîn al-Khatîb (1886-1969, Syrien installé au Caire. Al-Fath est avant tout une revue religieuse qui veut défendre l'islam sur tous les fronts ; il se présente comme un journal islamique, scientifique et moral qui vient remplir un vide dans le monde de la presse égyptienne, monopolisée par la presse libérale des Syriens du Caire. Le journal recense méticuleusement tous les signes de crise dans un monde islamique menacé : inquiétude devant l'occidentalisation croissante de l'Orient (tafarnuj, angoisse et sentiment de scandale devant les réformes laïques de la Turquie kémaliste, devant la présence prosélyte de missionnaires chrétiens en Orient ou devant les progrès de l'athéisme et du positivisme chez les musulmans. Dans la question féminine, al-Fath prend fermement parti contre le dévoilement des femmes. Dans cet univers assiégé, quelques lueurs d'espoir sont signalées par al-Fath : la naissance de l'Arabie Saoudite et la création de clubs et d'associations islamiques dont les Jeunesses musulmanes et les Frères musulmans dont Khatîb soutint la création.

  20. Mošé ibn ‛Ezrá: El poema de los dos exilios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navarro Peiro, Ángeles

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses and translates into Spanish Mošéh ibn ‛Ezrá's poem «Šabti ve-taltalé zemán lo šabu» (n° 20 in the H. Brody's edition of the Diwan that belongs to genre of complaint poems (šire teluná. Despite the great conventionalism of Hebrew Andalusian poetry, it is precisely in this sort of poems, where we can find the greatest number of autobiographical references and distinctive features of their authors. In this case, Mošéh ibn ‛Ezrá shows a view of his own experience in exile, first in his own land, Granada, after the Almoravid invasion, then in Christian Spain when he was compelled to emigrate.

    La autora analiza y traduce al castellano el poema que comienza «Šabti ve-taltalé zemán lo šabu» de Mošé ibn ‛Ezrá (núm. 20 en la edición del diván de H. Brody, el cual pertenece al género de los «poemas de queja» (šire teluná. Es precisamente en este tipo de poemas donde, a pesar del gran convencionalismo de la poesía hebrea andalusí, se puede encontrar mayor número de alusiones autobiográficas y rasgos personales de sus autores. En este caso Mošé ibn ‛Ezrá nos presenta una visión de sus dos exilios: el que sufrió en Granada, su patria, después de la invasión almorávide; y el que padeció por tierras cristianas cuando se vio obligado a emigrar.

  1. Flexural Strength of Cold and Heat Cure Acrylic Resins Reinforced with Different Materials

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    Bijan Heidari

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Heat-polymerized acrylic resin has been the most commonly used denture base material for over 60 years. However, the mechanical strength of acrylic resin is not adequate for long-term clinical performance of dentures. Consequently, fracture is a com- mon clinical occurrence, which often occurs in the midline of denture base.This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of cold cure and heat cure acrylic resins, rein- forced with glass fibers, polyethylene fibers, and metal wire for denture base repair.Materials and Methods: Ninety specimens were prepared and allocated to nine groups. Ten specimens were included in the control group, and 80 were allocated to 8 experi- mental groups. In the experimental groups, the specimens were sectioned into two halves from the middle, and were then divided into two main groups: one group was repaired with heat cure acrylic resin, and the other with cold cure acrylic resin. Each group was di- vided into 4 subgroups: unreinforced, reinforced with glass fibers, polyethylene fibers, and metal wire. All specimens were then subjected to a 3-point bending test, and the flexural strength was calculated.Results: The group repaired with heat cure acrylic resin and reinforced with glass fiber showed the highest flexural strength; however, the group repaired with cold cure acrylic resin and reinforced with polyethylene fibers had the lowest flexural strength. There was no significant difference between the groups repaired with heat cure and cold cure acrylic resins without reinforcement.Conclusion: Repairing denture base with heat cure acrylic resin, reinforced with glass fi- bers increases the flexural strength of denture base.

  2. Effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body Image following mastectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simin Fadaei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Surgical treatment of breast cancer may cause body image alterations. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral counseling on body image among Iranian women with primary breast cancer. Methods: In this quasi-experimental designed study, 72 patients diagnosed as breast cancer and surgically treated were enrolled in Isfahan, Iran. The patients were entered the study by convenience sampling method and were randomly di-vided in two groups of intervention (n = 32 and control (n = 40. The intervention group received consultation based on Ellis rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT method for 6 sessions during 3 weeks. The control group did not re-ceive any consultation Paired t-test was used to compare the changes in groups and independent t-test was conducted to compare two groups. The average values represented as mean ± standard deviation. Results: Before the study, the body image score was not significantly different between the intervention (16 97 ± 5 44 and control (15 95 ± 4 66 groups (t = 0 86, P = 0 395. The body image score was significantly lower in the interven-tion group (9 03 ± 6 11 compared to control group (17 18 ± 5 27 after the intervention (t = -6 07, P < 0 001. Conclusions: Since a woman′s body image influences her breast cancer treatment decision, oncology professionals need to recognize the value of a woman′s favorite about appearance and body image. This study emphasizes the impor-tance of offering consultation in breast cancer patients.

  3. RENDIMENTO DA BATATA-DOCE ADUBADA COM NITROGÊNIO E ESTERCO BOVINO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FRANCISCO DE ASSIS PEREIRA LEONARDO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out during April to August of year 2009, in field conditions at the horti- culture department Centro de Ciências Agrárias – Universidade Federal da Paraíba, in Areia – PB, aiming to evaluate the effect of nitrogen rates in the presence and absence of bovine manure in the sweet potato yield. The experimental design used was randomized blocks, with four repetitions in factorial scheme 6 x 2, being six nitrogen doses ( 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 kg ha-1 of nitrogen in the presence and absence of bovine manure. The evaluated variables were commercial roots average weight, commercial roots production plant-1 and com- mercial productivity of roots. The average weight of commercial roots, depending on nitrogen doses in the presence of bovine manure has increased in a linear way in order 0,31 g each kg of nitrogen applied, with maxi- mum weight 233,6 g with 250 kg of nitrogen ha-1. In bovine manure absence it was achieved average weight of 192,1 g. The maximum productivity of commercial roots plant-1 in the presence of bovine manure was 235,42 g, obtained with 243,75 kg ha-1 of nitrogen. In organic fertilizer absence, it was achieved the average of 127,1 g of commercial roots plant-1, depending on nitrogen doses. The dose of 183 kg ha-1 of nitrogen was responsible by maximum productivity of 13,6 t ha-1 of commercial roots, in the presence of bovine manure, while in its absence was achieved medium productivity of 7,9 t ha-1. The cattle manure increased the efficiency of nitrogen production characteristics of sweet potato and set nitrogen use in coverage and cattle manure at planting pro- vides marketable yield of sweet potato than the national average.

  4. Practice-Informed Approaches to Addressing Substance Abuse and Trauma Exposure in Urban Native Families Involved with Child Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucero, Nancy M; Bussey, Marian

    2015-01-01

    Similar to families from other groups, urban-based American Indian and Alaska Native ("Native") family members involved with the child welfare system due to substance abuse issues are also often challenged by untreated trauma exposure. The link between these conditions and the history of genocidal policies aimed at destroying Native family ties, as well as experiences of ongoing discrimination, bring added dimensions for consideration when pro- viding services to these families. Practice-based evidence indicates that the trauma-informed and culturally responsive model developed by the Denver Indian Family Resource Center (DIFRC) shows promise in reducing out-of-home placements and re-referrals in urban Native families with substance abuse and child welfare concerns, while also increasing caregiver capabilities, family safety, and child well-being. This article provides strategies from the DIFRC approach that non-Native caseworkers and supervisors can utilize to create an environment in their own agencies that supports culturally based practice with Native families while incorporating a trauma-informed understanding of service needs of these families. Casework consistent with this approach demonstrates actions that meet the Active Efforts requirement of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) as well as sound clinical practice. Intensive and proactive case management designed specifically for families with high levels of service needs is a key strategy when combined with utilizing a caseworker brief screening tool for trauma exposure; training caseworkers to recognize trauma symptoms, making timely referrals to trauma treatment by behavioral health specialists experienced in working with Native clients, and providing a consistent service environment that focuses on client safety and worker trustworthiness. Finally, suggestions are put forth for agencies seeking to enhance their cultural responsiveness and include increasing workers' understanding of cultural values

  5. Fertilizer Reduction Policies in Developed Countries: Suitability and Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI Fang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reviewed and analyzed the specific practices, implementation effects and applicable conditions of fertilizer reduction policies in the EU, US and Japan, explored the common laws and general conditions in the formulation of environmental orientation, and pro vided feasible policy recommendations for the formulation of fertilizer reduction policies in China. This study showed that fertilizer reduction policies in each country had their own advantages and disadvantages, and the applicable conditions were different. The EU's command and control policy was applicable to the situation of less farm households and the same agricultural planting type or farm type. The economic in centive policy in the US was applicable to the situation of more farm households, relatively perfect agricultural market system and sensitive price formation mechanism, while the public participation policy in Japan was applicable to regions with more relevant agricultural groups and strong economy. China should learn from each of these policies and make a comprehensive choice in the formulation of fertilizer reduc tion policies. Therefore, China should proceed from improving the agricultural price mechanism and the pollution-free agricultural products certification system as well as encouraging and supporting the development of large scale production units, and then promote the adoption of environmentally friendly technology through the guidance of market mechanism, ensure the effective implementation of environmental stan dards through farmers' integration and improve farmers' environmental awareness through propaganda guidance, so as to ensure the effective implementation of different types(command and control policy, economic incentive policy and public participation policyof fertilizer reduc tion policies.

  6. Pour une anthropologie de la libération For an Anthropology of the Liberation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Singleton

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Foncièrement constructiviste, l’Anthropologie elle-même (à supposer, dato non concesso, que le singulier substantiel soit de mise n’est pas moins le “fait” d’une culture à l’exclusion, en dernière analyse, de toute autre. Néanmoins, produit en surface, mais processus en profondeur, bien que née et grandie dans un certain Occident, rien ne l’empêche d’inventer une identité inédite. D’où l’émergence à l’Université Catholique de Louvain d’une Anthropologie Prospective dont l’intentionnalité identitaire, impliquée jusqu’à l’indignation, rend libératrice. La Culture l’abhorrant autant sinon plus que la Nature, le vide laissé par la théologie de la libération, morte avec Dieu lui-même, pourrait être rempli par son pendant anthropo-logique.Fundamentally constructivist, Anthropology itself (supposing, but “dato non concesso”, that such a substantial singularity exists is no less the “fact” of one culture to the exclusion, in the last analysis, of all others.  However, seemingly a product but basically a process, though born and bred in the West, there is nothing to prevent anthropology from reinventing its identity.  Hence the emergence in the Catholic University of Louvain, of a Prospective Anthropology whose committed and at times indignant intentionality makes for freedom. Culture abhorring it as much if not more than Nature, the vacuum left by the demise of liberation theology subsequent to the Death of God himself, could be filled by an anthropo-logical equivalent.

  7. Pourquoi les particules ont-elles une masse ?

    CERN Multimedia

    CNAM

    2000-01-01

    212ème conférence de l'"Université de tous les savoirs" dans le module thématique "la matière et son organisation". Conférence donnée par Daniel Treille.Le monde des particules élémentaires et de leurs interactions est décrit par ce qu'on appelle le Modèle Standard. L'auteur rappellera les propriétés des constituants de la matière, et les mystères qui demeurent, en particulier concernant leurs masses. Les grands principes d'invariance qui sont à la base du Modèle Standard seront expliqués. Conduisant à un monde de particules de masse nulle, ils doivent être complétés par un mécanisme de génération de ces masses, comme le mécanisme de Higgs. Ce mécanisme sera décrit, en s'appuyant sur diverses analogies avec des effets plus familiers. Les propriétés du vide quantique seront progressivement dégagées et la notion d'évolution, avec l'énergie, des grandeurs décrivant particules et interactions apparaîtra. L'extension du Modèle Standard à sa version super symétrique sera prés...

  8. METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF CREATION OF THE AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT TEST AUTOMATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Michailovich Vetoshkin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of new and modernization of existing aviation equipment specimens of different classes are ac- companied and completed by the complex process of ground and flight tests. This phase of aviation equipment life cycle is implemented by means of organizational and technical systems - running centers. The latter include various proving grounds, measuring complex and systems, aircraft, ships, security and flight control offices, information processing laborato- ries and many other elements. The system analysis results of development challenges of the automated control systems of aviation equipment tests operations are presented. The automated control systems are in essence an automated data bank. The key role of development of flight tests automated control system in the process of creation of the automated control sys- tems of aviation equipment tests operations is substantiated. The way of the mobile modular measuring complexes integra- tion and the need for national methodologies and technological standards for database systems design concepts are grounded. Database system, as a central element in this scheme, provides collection, storing and updating of values of the elements described above in pace and the required frequency of the controlled object state monitoring. It is database system that pro- vides the supervisory unit with actual data corresponding to specific moments of time, which concern the state processes, assessments of the progress and results of flight experiments, creating the necessary environment for aviation equipment managing and testing as a whole. The basis for development of subsystems of automated control systems of aviation equip- ment tests operations are conceptual design processes of the respective database system, the implementation effectiveness of which largely determines the level of success and ability to develop the systems being created. Introduced conclusions and suggestions can be used in the

  9. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-06-01

    Laboratories typically require 100% outside air for ventilation at higher rates than other commercial buildings. Minimum ventilation is typically provided at air change per hour (ACH) rates in accordance with codes and adopted design standards including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 1910.1450 (4 to 12 ACH – non-mandatory) or the 2011 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Applications Handbook, Chapter 16 – Laboratories (6 to 12 ACH). While OSHA states this minimum ventilation rate “should not be relied on for protection from toxic substances released into the laboratory” it specifically indicates that it is intended to “provide a source of air for breathing and for input to local ventilation devices (e.g., chemical fume hoods or exhausted bio-safety cabinets), to ensure that laboratory air is continually replaced preventing the increase of air concentrations of toxic substances during the working day, direct air flow into the laboratory from non-laboratory areas and out to the exterior of the building.” The heating and cooling energy needed to condition and move this outside air can be 5 to 10 times greater than the amount of energy used in most office buildings. In addition, when the required ventilation rate exceeds the airflow needed to meet the cooling load in low-load laboratories, additional heating energy may be expended to reheat dehumidified supply air from the supply air condition to prevent over cooling. In addition to these low-load laboratories, reheat may also be required in adjacent spaces such as corridors that pro-vide makeup air to replace air being pulled into negative-pressure laboratories.

  10. NEW BIOSTRATIGRAPHIC DATA ON THE FRAZZANO' FORMATION (LONGI-TAORMINA UNIT: CONSEQUENCES ON DEFINING THE DEFORMATION AGE OF THE CALABRIA-PELORITANI ARC SOUTHERN SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAOLA DE CAPOA

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available New biostratigraphic data on the Frazzanò Flysch Formation are presented. This unit is the topmost formation of the stratigraphic succession characterizing the Longi-Taormina Unit, which in turn represents the lowest tectonic unit of the Peloritani Mountains and the only unit in the entire southern sector of the Calabria-Peloritani Arc in which cenozoic terrains have been recognized. The age of the Frazzanò Fm., which as yet has not been well defined, is essential to ascertain the time period during which the tectogenetic phase responsible for the stacking (superposition of the nappes in the Peloritani Mountains occurred . Coltro (1967 reported foraminiferal assemblages of Late Eocene age, but subsequently ages ranging between the Middle Eocene and the Oligocene have been pro posed, none of them supported by new biostratigraphic data. The identification of some coccolithid taxa which appear in the Late Oligocene and Early Miocene allowed us to attribute an age not older than Upper Oligocene to the levels that mark the transition between the Frazzanò Fm.and the underlying Militello Formation, and an age not older than Early Aquitanian to the most recent beds of the Frazzanò Formation. Therefore, the tectogenetic phase responsible for the superposition of the nappes in the Peloritani Mountains, very likely started during the Aquitanian. While these data agree with the evolution of homologous units recognised in the Betic and Rifian sectors, they challenge the Late Oligocene age ascribed to the basal levels of the Stilo-Capo d'Orlando Formation, which lies unconformably over all the tectonic units of the Calabria-Peloritani Arc and pro vides a chronological upper limit to their overthrusting.    

  11. Modern Asteroid Occultation Observing Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, G. A.

    2004-05-01

    This presentation reviews current working methods for asteroid occultations developed by the International Occultation Timing Association (IOTA). Reduc- tion of multiple tracks or "chords" observed during stellar occultations pro- vides valuable measures of the relative sizes and shapes of asteroids. Tradi- tionally, predictions for asteroid occultations were prepared by regional IOTA computors, distributed annually in "hard copy" format to IOTA subscrib- ers and in publications such as Sky & Telescope magazine and the annual RASC Observers Handbook. IOTA - like many other organizations - is now using worldwide internet services and e-mail to distribute frequently-updated pre- dictions based upon the latest astrometry. The IOTA web pages provide an easily accessible, centralized source of information on lunar and solar sys- tem occultation events. IOTA's web pages feature a variety of articles on current activities, plans for observing campaigns and expeditions, and "how to do it" information on the latest technology and techniques. The latest up- dated predictions for asteroid events are made available as they are pro- duced, providing more accurate observing tracks and efficient coordination of observers. The IOTA e-mail list provides a dynamic forum for the exchange of technical information and com-munication of observing plans in a timely man- ner. Individuals may now generate customized occultation predictions using the WinOccult software package. The author presents some examples of recent occultation events, showing the benefits of coordinated observations. Also described are some of the latest innovations, featuring low-cost video camera equipment, devices for time insertion based on Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) technology, and a new approach using unattended secondary field station equipment to multiply the number of tracks observed.

  12. El ideal de claridad o los dos fines del adab según Ibn al-Sīd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peña Martín, Salvador

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the Andalusi scholar Ibn al-Sīd al- Baṭalyawsī (d. 521/1127 adab is to be understood as a set of theoretical and practical knowledges connected with language, text and literature. This set of knowledges provides with tools for two different goals. While the major one is the understanding of the Holy Scripts, the minor one has to do with the skills of scribes. The needs of both interpreting technics and writing models justify the development of linguistics, philology, hermeneutics and poetics in pre-modem Islamic societies. Ibn al-Sīd´s ideas are analysed within the framework of the Qur'ānic concept of eloquence (bayān, and confronted with the actual textual uses of his society, as reflected by numismatic inscriptions.

    Ibn al-Sīd al-Baṭalyawsī (muerto en 521/1127, el destacado sabio andalusí, nos ofrece, en el terreno de los fundamentos, un marco adecuado a partir del cual integrar los estudios filológicos (lingüísticos y literarios en las sociedades islámicas medievales. Según él, el adab tiene dos fines: el superior consiste en el servicio a la hermenéutica sacra, y el inferior, en la elaboración de una preceptiva textual para los secretarios de estado. En el presente estudio analizamos las ideas de al-Baṭalyawsī a partir de la noción coránica de claridad (bayān, y comprobamos cómo aquellos principios tuvieron vigencia en la sociedad en que vivió, el Andalus almorávide, gracias al testimonio que ofrecen las inscripciones numismáticas.

  13. Towards a unified grammatical model of sigma 70 and sigma 54 bacterial promoters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collado-Vides, J

    1996-01-01

    The organization and integration of large amounts of information on the regulation of gene expression requires new conceptual frameworks to facilitate the discovery of general principles underlying different mechanisms of gene regulation. I have developed a formalism based on generative grammar to explicitly describe pertinent regulatory properties of mechanisms of regulation. The formal proof that justifies the use of generative grammar has been made. We have collected and analyzed an exhaustive database of sigma 70 and sigma 54 promoters in E coli and Salmonella where there is sufficient knowledge on the regulation of these genes. This collection has supported the construction of a grammatical model of the sigma 70 type of promoters. The purpose of this paper is to present some ideas towards the construction of a unified grammar capable of describing regulatory arrays for the sigma 70 and the sigma 54 bacterial promoters. This model is not intended to simply generate the set of binding sites of regulators distributed in a linear array in the DNA. It should also reflect the biological differences on the regulatory mechanisms of these collections, as understood from the analysis that we have done on these collections (Gralla and Collado-Vides, 1996). Based on the biology of these two types of bacterial promoters, a hypothesis is proposed stipulating that in principle it is feasible to activate sigma 70 promoters at a distance, an exclusive property of the sigma 54 class shared with promoters of higher organisms. The model presented assumes this hypothesis is correct. The ideas presented support the beginning of a unique 'universal' grammar for the sigma 70 and sigma 54 promoters. The specification of certain parameters would derive the respective specific sigma 70 and sigma 54 grammatical models.

  14. Concurrences in Contemporary Travel Writing: Postcolonial Critique and Colonial Sentiments in Sven Lindqvist's Exterminate all the Brutes and Terra Nullius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piia K. Posti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent research highlights contemporary travel writing's complicity in global politics, and the genre is claimed to reproduce the discourses that constitute our understanding of the world. It has also been argued that the genre holds a possibility to help us gain further knowledge about contemporary global politics, as it may work as an arena where global politics is commented on, intervened with and re-shaped. With this double view, current research exemplifies how scholars today grapple with the challenge of accounting for simultaneous and sometimes conflicting histories and conditions that are altered and affected by colonial contacts, practices and ideologies, and by recent globalisation. This article explores this double characteristic of the travelogue through the concept of concurrence, and discusses how this concept is useful as a tool for a new understanding of the genre. How can this concept be employed in an analysis of travel writing that is deeply engaged in a critique of colonialism and its legacy in today's globalism but is simultaneously enmeshed in and complicit with the legacy that is critiques? 'Concurrence' is introduced as a concept for such analysis since it contains both the notion of simultaneity and competition. It is suggested that 'concurrence' pro-vides a conceptual framework that allows us to account for controversies, intersections and inequities without reinscribing them into a reconciled and universalizing perspective. In exploring the concept of concurrence, this article provides an initial analysis of two contemporary Swedish travel narratives by Sven Lindqvist. The analysis is focused on the genre's tension between fact and fiction, its discursive entanglement in colonialism, and the problem and possibility of writing postcolo-nial critique by use of this genre.

  15. The Practical Obstacles of Data Transfer: Why researchers still love scp

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nam, Hai Ah [ORNL; Hill, Jason J [ORNL; Parete-Koon, Suzanne T [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    The importance of computing facilities is heralded every six months with the announcement of the new Top500 list, showcasing the world s fastest supercomputers. Unfortu- nately, with great computing capability does not come great long-term data storage capacity, which often means users must move their data to their local site archive, to remote sites where they may be doing future computation or anal- ysis, or back to their home institution, else face the dreaded data purge that most HPC centers employ to keep utiliza- tion of large parallel filesystems low to manage performance and capacity. At HPC centers, data transfer is crucial to the scientific workflow and will increase in importance as computing systems grow in size. The Energy Sciences Net- work (ESnet) recently launched its fifth generation network, a 100 Gbps high-performance, unclassified national network connecting more than 40 DOE research sites to support scientific research and collaboration. Despite the tenfold increase in bandwidth to DOE research sites amenable to multiple data transfer streams and high throughput, in prac- tice, researchers often under-utilize the network and resort to painfully-slow single stream transfer methods such as scp to avoid the complexity of using multiple stream tools such as GridFTP and bbcp, and contend with frustration from the lack of consistency of available tools between sites. In this study we survey and assess the data transfer methods pro- vided at several DOE supported computing facilities, includ- ing both leadership-computing facilities, connected through ESnet. We present observed transfer rates, suggested opti- mizations, and discuss the obstacles the tools must overcome to receive wide-spread adoption over scp.

  16. Construction of a fast differential thermal analysis apparatus; Realisation d'une installation d'analyse thermique differentielle rapide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vernois, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-10-15

    The author analyzes the various possibilities of DTA as well as conventional installation set-ups. He shows that by varying simultaneously the heating rate and the size of the samples it is possible to obtain very similar thermo-grams. He shows the advantages of using fast heating rates and proposes a type of oven and types of crucible which allow heating rates of over 1 deg. per second, rapid manipulation, a controlled atmosphere (from a vacuum up to high pressures) and forced cooling. He gives details of research carried with this type of installation showing the quantitative nature of the analyses and, as an example, studies the influence of a grinding on the qualitative and quantitative results. (author) [French] L'auteur analyse les differentes possibilites de l'ATD ainsi que les schemas classiques des installations. Il montre qu'en jouant simultanement sur la vitesse de chauffe et les dimensions des echantillons on peut ne pas modifier beaucoup l'allure des thermogrammes. Il fait ressortir l'interet de grandes vitesses de chauffe et propose un type de four et des creusets permettant des vitesses de chauffe superieures a 1 deg. par seconde, une manipulation rapide, le controle de l'atmosphere (du vide jusqu'a de hautes pressions) et un refroidissement force. Il presente une etude realisee avec une telle installation montrant le caractere quantitatif des analyses et comme exemple, etudie l'influence du broyage sur les resultats qualitatifs et quantitatifs. (auteur)

  17. Les enfants et familles de coupables : le genre du roman familial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franziska Georgii

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article seront passées en revue quelques œuvres littéraires contemporaines françaises et allemandes, écrites par les enfants de la génération de guerre dite coupable. Il s'agit pour la plupart d'enfants de nazis, de collaborateurs plus ou moins actifs, de suiveurs impliqués à des degrés différents dans la machinerie du Troisième Reich durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale. Il sera question d'explorer la manière dont les deux nations se confrontent au passé obscur de leurs parents et grands-parents et d'étudier le discours intergénérationnel en-deçà d'une pensée purement nationale, en proposant une étude comparative qui tienne compte des ressemblances et des divergences dans le travail de mémoire sur l'histoire familiale. L'imaginaire y représente un outil primordial dans la confrontation au passé, capable de donner voix au vide, aux non-dits, à la douleur, à l'ineffable, tout en proposant un éclairage nouveau sur une époque très étudiée par l'historiographie et arrivant à un certain degré de saturation. A partir d'une étude du genre du « roman familial » et des sous-genres qui s'y rapportent il sera question de penser l'intrication, la synergie entre autobiographie, mémoire et imaginaire dans la mise en œuvre d'un véritable travail de mémoire littéraire.

  18. Child maltreatment, callous-unemotional traits, and defensive responding in high-risk children: An investigation of emotion-modulated startle response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dackis, Melissa N; Rogosch, Fred A; Cicchetti, Dante

    2015-11-01

    Child maltreatment is associated with disruptions in physiological arousal, emotion regulation, and defensive responses to cues of threat and distress, as well as increased risk for callous unemotional (CU) traits and externalizing behavior. Developmental models of CU traits have focused on biological and genetic risk factors that contribute to hypoarousal and antisocial behavior, but have focused less on environmental influences (Blair, 2004; Daversa, 2010; Hare, Frazell, & Cox, 1978; Krueger, 2000; Shirtcliff et al., 2009; Viding, Fontaine, & McCrory, 2012). The aim of the present investigation was to measure the independent and combined effects of child maltreatment and high CU traits on emotion-modulated startle response in children. Participants consisted of 132 low-income maltreated (n = 60) and nonmaltreated (n = 72) children between 8 and 12 years old who attended a summer camp program. Acoustic startle response (ASR) was elicited in response to a 110-dB 50-ms probe while children viewed a slideshow of pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant IAPS images. Maltreatment status was assessed through examination of Department of Human Services records. CU traits were measured using counselor reports from the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (Frick, 2004), and conduct problems were measured using counselor and child self-report. We found no significant differences in emotion-modulated startle in the overall sample. However, significant differences in ASR by maltreatment status, maltreatment subtype, and level of CU traits were apparent. Results indicated differential physiological responses for maltreated and nonmaltreated children based on CU traits, including a pathway of hypoarousal for nonmaltreated/high CU children that differed markedly from a more normative physiological trajectory for maltreated/high CU children. Further, we found heightened ASR for emotionally and physically neglected children with high CU and elevated antisocial behavior in these

  19. Child Maltreatment, Callous-Unemotional Traits, and Defensive Responding In High-Risk Children: An Investigation of Emotion-Modulated Startle Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dackis, Melissa N.; Rogosch, Fred A.; Cicchetti, Dante

    2015-01-01

    Child maltreatment is associated with disruptions in physiological arousal, emotion regulation, and defensive responses to cues of threat and distress, as well as increased risk for callous unemotional (CU) traits and externalizing behavior. Developmental models of callous unemotional (CU) traits have focused on biological and genetic risk factors that contribute to hypoarousal and antisocial behavior, but have focused less on environmental influences (Blair, 2004; Daversa, 2010; Hare, Frazell, & Cox, 1978; Krueger, 2000; Shirtcliff et al., 2009; Viding, Fontaine, & McCrory, 2012). The aim of the present investigation was to measure the independent and combined effects of child maltreatment and high CU trait on emotion-modulated startle (EMS) response in children. Participants consisted of 132 low-income maltreated (n = 60) and nonmaltreated (n = 72) children between 8–12 years old who attended a summer camp program. Acoustic startle response (ASR) was elicited in response to a 110-dB 50-ms probe while children viewed a slideshow of pleasant, neutral, and unpleasant IAPS images. Maltreatment status was assessed through examination of Department of Human Services records. CU traits were measured using counselor reports from the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; Frick, 2004), and conduct problems were measured using counselor and child self-report. We found no significant differences in emotion-modulated startle in the overall sample. However, significant differences in ASR by maltreatment status, maltreatment subtype, and level of CU traits were apparent. Results indicated differential physiological responses for maltreated and nonmaltreated children based on CU traits, including a pathway of hypoarousal for nonmaltreated/high CU children that differed markedly from a more normative physiological trajectory for maltreated/high CU children. Further, we found heightened ASR for emotionally and physically neglected children with high CU and elevated

  20. ”Du skal ikke stikke næsen for langt frem”: Et studie af normer for deltagelse og forberedelse blandt førsteårsstuderende

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Juul Bager

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Studerende på videregående uddannelser forventes at deltage aktivt i undervisningen og tage ansvar for egen læring. Alligevel oplever undervisere ofte, at studerende er meget tilbageholdende i timerne. Dette studie undersøger, hvilken roller normer spiller for studenteraktivitet. Tolv studerende blev interviewet to gange i løbet af et semester. Det viste sig, at normer havde en stor adfærdsregulerende rolle, ligesom det viste sig, at der var en betydelig forskel mellem udtalte og uudtalte normer. Den observation, der overraskede os mest, var, at der var meget snævre rammer for legitim delta­gelse på holdtimerne, mens der var meget vide rammer for ikke-del­ta­gel­se. Disse præliminære resultater kalder på en diskussion af, hvordan normen om ansvar for egen læring fortolkes og praktiseres af universitetsstuderende.     The aim of Danish universities is to encourage  students to become active, independent, and responsible learners; yet, university teachers often encounter students that are very reluctant to participate in discussions. This study examines how norms influence student engagement in classes. Twelve students were interviewed twice during their second semester. The study suggests that norms regulate behaviour and furthermore the study uncovered a demarcation between spoken and unspoken norms. To our surprise, we found there to be strict boundaries for legitimate participation in discussion, while there was a high tolerance for non-participation. These results – although preliminary – call for a discussion of how the tenets of independence and responsibility are conceived by students.