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Sample records for video thoracoscopic surgery

  1. (Video Assisted thoracoscopic surgery: Getting started

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Tamas

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracoscopic surgery without or with video assistance (VATS is simpler and easier to learn as it seems to be. Potential benefits of the procedure in rural surgical environment are outlined while basic requirements and limitations are listed. Thoracoscopy kit, thoracotomy tray at hand, patient monitoring, proper drainage system, pain control and access to chest physiotherapy are the basic requirements. Having headlight, bronchoscope, Ligasure and mechanical staplers offer clear advantages but they are not indispensable. Exploration and evacuation of pleural space, pleurodesis, surgery for Stage I and II thoracic empyema are evidenced fields of VATS procedures. Some of the cases can be performed under controlled local anesthesia. Acute chest trauma cannot be recommended for VATS treatment. Lung cancer is out of the scope of rural surgery.

  2. Fast-track video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

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    Holbek, Bo Laksafoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Kehlet, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To provide a short overview of fast-track video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and to identify areas requiring further research. Design A literature search was made using key words including: fast-track, enhanced recovery, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, robot......-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS), robotic, thoracotomy, single-incision, uniportal, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), chest tube, air-leak, digital drainage, pain management, analgesia, perioperative management, anaesthesia and non-intubated. References from articles were screened for further...

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy at 20 years

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    Yan, Tristan D; Cao, Christopher; D'Amico, Thomas A

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been gradually accepted as an alternative surgical approach to open thoracotomy for selected patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the past 20 years. The aim of this project was to standardize the perioperative...

  4. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy – early experience

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    Robert Šimon

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS lobectomy is the anatomical resection of a whole lobe ofthe lung followed by removal of the lymph nodes from the mediastinum using a thoracoscope and an access incision(small thoracotomy ≤ 5 cm without using the rib spreader. Aim: To present the early experience with VATS lobectomy. Material and methods: Five patients were treated surgically using the VATS technique of anatomical lung resection atthe 2nd Department of Surgery, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, University Hospital of L. Pasteur, Košice, (Slovak Republicwithin 12 months from 10.2008 to 10.2009. Lobectomy was performed in 4 patients and pneumonectomy in 1 patient. Results: The mean operating time was 120 min (range 80-170 min. Following lobectomy a drain was inserted into thepleural cavity in 4 cases, whereas there was no drainage after 1 pneumonectomy. Drains were removed 2-5 days afterthe surgery. Four patients suffered from lung carcinoma (1 squamous cell carcinoma, 3 adenocarcinomas; 1 patienthad chondroid hamartoma. Postoperative condition was good in all patients. There were no early complications andpatients were released home on the 6th postoperative day on average. Conclusions: The advantages of VATS lobectomy have been widely discussed. There is a consensus that in elderlypatients with non-small cell lung cancer VATS lobectomy accompanied by mediastinal lymphadenectomy reduces theincidence of complications after the surgery and patients recover faster.

  5. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy using a standardized anterior approach

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    Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Christensen, Merete

    2011-01-01

    Lobectomy using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) still is a controversial operation despite its many observed benefits. The controversy may be due to difficulties performing the procedure. This study addresses a standardized anterior approach facilitating the operation....

  6. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for acute thoracic trauma

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    Michael Goodman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Operative intervention for thoracic trauma typically requires thoracotomy. We hypothesized that thoracoscopy may be safely and effectively utilized for the acute management of thoracic injuries. Materials and Methods: The Trauma Registry of a Level I trauma center was queried from 1999 through 2010 for all video-assisted thoracic procedures within 24 h of admission. Data collected included initial vital signs, operative indication, intraoperative course, and postoperative outcome. Results: Twenty-three patients met inclusion criteria: 3 (13% following blunt injury and 20 (87% after penetrating trauma. Indications for urgent thoracoscopy included diaphragmatic/esophageal injury, retained hemothorax, ongoing hemorrhage, and open/persistent pneumothorax. No conversions to thoracotomy were required and no patient required re-operation. Mean postoperative chest tube duration was 2.9 days and mean length of stay was 5.6 days. Conclusion: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is safe and effective for managing thoracic trauma in hemodynamically stable patients within the first 24 h post-injury.

  7. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery versus open lobectomy for primary non-small-cell lung cancer

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    Falcoz, Pierre-Emmanuel; Puyraveau, Marc; Thomas, Pascal-Alexandre

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomical resections are increasingly used in Europe to manage primary lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome following thoracoscopic versus open lobectomy in case-matched groups of patients from the European Society of Thoracic...... Surgeon (ESTS) database. METHODS: All patients having lobectomy as the primary procedure via thoracoscopy [video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)-L)] or thoracotomy (TH-L) were identified in the ESTS database (January 2007 to December 2013). A propensity score was constructed using several patients......' baseline characteristics. The matching using the propensity score was responsible for the minimization of selection bias. A propensity score-matched analysis was performed to compare the incidence of postoperative major complications (according to the ESTS database definitions) and mortality at hospital...

  8. Non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia for thoracic surgery: a meta-analysis.

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    Deng, Han-Yu; Zhu, Zi-Jiang; Wang, Yun-Cang; Wang, Wen-Ping; Ni, Peng-Zhi; Chen, Long-Qi

    2016-07-01

    The short-term feasibility and safety of non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia for thoracic surgery remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to provide evidence for the short-term efficacy and safety profile of non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia for thoracic surgery. We performed a systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases and Google Scholar, as well as American Society of Clinical Oncology to identify relevant studies comparing non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia with conventionally intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under general anaesthesia, dated up to 31 August 2015. Data concerning global in-operating room time, hospital stays, rate of postoperative complications and perioperative mortality were extracted and analysed. We conducted a meta-analysis of the overall results and two subgroup analyses based on study design (a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and a second meta-analysis of observational studies). Four randomized controlled trials and six observational studies with a total of 1283 patients were included. We found that in the overall analysis, patients treated with non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia achieved significantly shorter global in-operating room time [weighted mean difference = -41.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) = (-57.26, -26.67); P loco-regional anaesthesia. Non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia for thoracic surgery proved to be feasible and safe. Future multicentre and well-designed randomized controlled trials with longer follow-up are needed to confirm and update the findings of our study, as well as the long-term efficacy of non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under loco-regional anaesthesia. © The Author 2016

  9. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for adult Bochdalek hernia: a case report.

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    Shen, Yu-Guang; Jiao, Na-Na; Xiong, Wei; Tang, Quan; Cai, Qing-Yong; Xu, Gang; Liang, Gui-You

    2016-12-01

    Bochdalek hernia is a type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia that typically presents in childhood, while this diseases is extremely rare in adults. We review a case of a 63-year-old man with a left-sided Bochdalek hernia who was experiencing occasional pain at the left side of his chest for 8 months. The diagnosis of Bochdalek hernia was made by chest computed tomography. A part of the retroperitoneal adipose tissue was herniated into the left thoracic cavity through the diaphragmatic defect. The hernia was treated via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and he made an uneventful recovery. We report a rare case of a left-sided Bochdalek hernia for which our patient was treated successfully via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Even though rare, this disorder should be recognised, examined and treated appropriately to avoid complications.

  10. Removal of a bullet in the pericardial cavity by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

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    Khalil, Mohammed W; Khan, Tanveer; Gower, Simon; Loubani, Mahmoud

    2012-08-01

    The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in dealing with thoracic trauma has been well established. VATS avoids a thoracotomy and offers excellent visualization of the entire pleural cavity. The removal of bullets from the pleural cavity using VATS has also been reported, but, to our knowledge, this is the first time a bullet has been removed from the pericardial cavity using VATS.

  11. Penetrating Neck Injury to the Superior Thoracic Artery Managed by Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery

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    Victor W. Wong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penetrating trauma to the axillary artery and its branches is uncommon and associated with high morbidity and mortality. Open exploration is mandated in hemodynamically unstable patients, but surgical exposure can be difficult due to the concentration of vital structures and complex anatomy in this region. Computed tomographic angiography is a potential diagnostic modality in hemodynamically stable patients. In these patients, endovascular therapies may provide a feasible means of controlling hemorrhage while minimizing surgical complications. A high incidence of concomitant intrathoracic injury has resulted in an expanding role for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. In this paper, we present a case of penetrating injury to the superior thoracic artery that was not amenable to endovascular therapy and was ultimately managed with thoracoscopic surgery.

  12. High-dose methylprednisolone in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Lars S; Jensen, Per F; Bigler, Dennis R

    2017-01-01

    equally to 125 mg MP or placebo before the start of their elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy. Group allocation was blinded to patients, investigators and caregivers, and all patients received standardized multimodal, opioid-sparing analgesia. Our primary outcome was area under...... the curve on a numeric rating scale from 0 to 10, for pain scores on the day of surgery and on postoperative days 1 and 2. Clinical follow-up was 2-3 weeks, and telephone follow-up was 12 weeks after surgery. RESULTS: Ninety-six patients were included in the primary analysis. Methylprednisolone...... significantly reduced pain at rest and after mobilization to a sitting position on the day of surgery, without later analgesic effects. Nausea and fatigue were improved without side effects, except transient higher postoperative blood glucose levels. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered...

  13. One lung ventilation strategies for infants and children undergoing video assisted thoracoscopic surgery

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    Teddy Suratos Fabila

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS in children have led to its increased usage over the years. VATS, however, requires an efficient technique for one lung ventilation. Today, there is an increasing interest in developing the technique for lung isolation to meet the anatomic and physiologic variations in infants and children. This article aims to provide an updated and comprehensive review on one-lung ventilation strategies for infants and children undergoing VATS. Search of terms such as ′One lung ventilation for infants and children′, ′Video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for infants and children′, and ′Physiologic changes during one lung ventilation for infants and children′ were used. The search mechanics and engines for this review included the following: Kandang Kerbau Hospital (KKH eLibrary, PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. During the search the author focused on significant current and pilot randomized control trials, case reports, review articles, and editorials. Critical decision making on what device to use based on the age, weight, and pathology of the patient; and how to use it for lung isolation are discussed in this article. Furthermore, additional information regarding the advantages, limitations, techniques of insertion and maintenance of each device for one lung ventilation in infants and children were the highlights in this article.

  14. Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in a 1-month-old Infant with Pleural Empyema

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    Cheung Leung

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pleural empyema is a frequent complication of bacterial pneumonia in childhood but is rare in neonates. Various modalities of treatment from intravenous antibiotics, chest tube drainage, intrapleural fibrinolytic agent installation, video-assisted thoracostomy to surgical decortication have been suggested to treat different stages of empyema in children, but management of progressive empyema in neonates is still at the stage of antimicrobial therapy and tube thoracostomy. Here, we report a 1-month-old infant with staphy-lococcal pneumonia complicated with multiloculated empyema who was successfully treated with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS after 4 days of chest tube drainage and parenteral antibiotics. The patient's condition improved rapidly after the operation and the antimicrobial therapy was continued for 3 weeks. He was asymptomatic and thriving at follow-up 1 year later. Chest radiography at 1 month was free of any lesion. This case suggests that VATS can be a safe and effective treatment for neonatal empyema.

  15. Is it safe to perform completion lobectomy after diagnostic wedge resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Bo Laksáfoss; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the safety of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) completion lobectomy (CL) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after diagnostic wedge resection by comparing with standard VATS lobectomy (SL). METHODS: Data were retrieved from...

  16. Using virtual reality simulation to assess competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2017-01-01

    for a virtual reality simulator test of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy of a right upper lobe. METHODS: Participants with varying experience in VATS lobectomy were included. They were familiarized with a virtual reality simulator (LapSim(®)) and introduced to the steps of the procedure...... % false positives) and failed four of the experienced surgeons (29 % false negatives). CONCLUSION: This study is the first to establish validity evidence for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy virtual reality simulator test. Several simulator metrics demonstrated significant differences between novices......BACKGROUND: The societies of thoracic surgery are working to incorporate simulation and competency-based assessment into specialty training. One challenge is the development of a simulation-based test, which can be used as an assessment tool. The study objective was to establish validity evidence...

  17. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in Patients With Clinically Resectable Lung Tumors

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    H. Sakai

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the feasibility of thoracoscopic resection, a pilot study was performed in patients with clinically resectable lung tumors. In 40 patients, Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS was performed because of suspicion of malignancy. There were 29 men and 11 women with a median age of 54.8 years (range 18 to 78. Preoperative indications were suspected lung cancer and tumor in 27 patients, assessment of tumor resectability in 7 patients, and probability of metastatic tumors in 6 patients. The final diagnoses in the 27 patients with suspected lung cancer were 12 primary lung cancers, 6 lung metastases, and 9 benign lesions. The success rates for VATS (no conversion to thoracotomy were 1 of 12 (8.3% for resectable stage I lung cancer, 8 of 12 (66.7% for metastatic tumors, and 9 of 9 (100% for benign tumors. With VATS, 6 of 7 patients (85.7%, possible stage III non-small cell lung cancer, an explorative thoracotomy with was avoided, significantly reducing morbidity. The reasons for conversion to thoracotomy were 1 oncological (N2 lymph node dissection and prevention of tumor spillage and 2 technical (inability to locate the nodule, central localization, no anatomical fissure, or poor lung function requiring full lung ventilation. The ultimate diagnoses were 19 lung cancers, 12 metastatic lung tumors, and 9 benign lung tumors. Our data show the limitations of VATS for malignant tumors in general use. These findings, together with the fact that experience in performing thoracoscopic procedures demonstrates a learning curve, may limit the use of thoracoscopic resection as a routine surgical procedure, especially when strict oncological rules are respected.

  18. Video-assisted thoracoscopic pneumonectomy.

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    Chen, Huan-Wen; Du, Ming

    2015-04-01

    Lung cancer often requires pneumonectomy. This procedure is challenging and usually performed by thoracotomy, which is traumatic and may involve complications. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is a recognized procedure that has been accepted by surgeons. There is no standard procedure to perform a pneumonectomy using VATS. The aim of this paper is to share our experiences and to show our technique for performing a pneumonectomy using VATS. A 65-year-old man was admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. A thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 56 mm × 45 mm × 40 mm lesion in the left upper lung lobe. Lesions involving the left lower lung lobe were also identified and the subcarinal and hilar lymph nodes were enlarged. A VATS pneumonectomy was performed. The total surgery time was approximately 90 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 100 mL, the number of resected lymph nodes was 15; and the postoperative hospital stay was 8 days. Follow-up revealed no recurrence or metastasis for 6 months. Video-assisted thoracoscopic pneumonectomy is a safe and effective treatment procedure.

  19. Important Non-Technical Skills in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy: Team Perspectives.

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    Gjeraa, Kirsten; Mundt, Anna S; Spanager, Lene; Hansen, Henrik J; Konge, Lars; Petersen, René H; Østergaard, Doris

    2017-07-01

    Safety in the operating room is dependent on the team's non-technical skills. The importance of non-technical skills appears to be different for minimally invasive surgery as compared with open surgery. The aim of this study was to identify which non-technical skills are perceived by team members to be most important for patient safety, in the setting of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. This was an explorative, semistructured interview-based study with 21 participants from all four thoracic surgery centers in Denmark that perform VATS lobectomy. Data analysis was deductive, and directed content analysis was used to code the text into the Oxford Non-Technical Skills system for evaluating operating teams' non-technical skills. The most important non-technical skills described by the VATS teams were planning and preparation, situation awareness, problem solving, leadership, risk assessment, and teamwork. These non-technical skills enabled the team to achieve shared mental models, which in turn facilitated their efforts to anticipate next steps. This was viewed as important by the participants as they saw VATS lobectomy as a high-risk procedure with complementary and overlapping scopes of practice between surgical and anesthesia subteams. This study identified six non-technical skills that serve as the foundation for shared mental models of the patient, the current situation, and team resources. These findings contribute three important additions to the shared mental model construct: planning and preparation, risk assessment, and leadership. Shared mental models are crucial for patient safety because they enable VATS teams to anticipate problems through adaptive patterns of both implicit and explicit coordination. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Successful Resection of Giant Mediastinal Lipofibroadenoma of the Thymus by Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery.

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    Makdisi, George; Roden, Anja C; Shen, K Robert

    2015-08-01

    We report the case of a 20-year-old man who presented with a large heterogeneous mass incidentally found on a chest roentgenogram performed in the context of acute onset of fever and cough. A chest computed tomography scan showed a large heterogenous mass in the anterior mediastinum. The patient underwent surgical resection by a right video-assisted thoracoscopic approach. The resected mass was completely encapsulated and was histologically determined to be a lipofibroadenoma. Complete resection is curative. This is the sixth reported case of lipofibroadenoma of the thymus in the English literature and the first reported case of video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of a lipofibroadenoma. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Using virtual reality simulation to assess competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy.

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    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Konge, Lars

    2017-06-01

    The societies of thoracic surgery are working to incorporate simulation and competency-based assessment into specialty training. One challenge is the development of a simulation-based test, which can be used as an assessment tool. The study objective was to establish validity evidence for a virtual reality simulator test of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy of a right upper lobe. Participants with varying experience in VATS lobectomy were included. They were familiarized with a virtual reality simulator (LapSim ® ) and introduced to the steps of the procedure for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy. The participants performed two VATS lobectomies on the simulator with a 5-min break between attempts. Nineteen pre-defined simulator metrics were recorded. Fifty-three participants from nine different countries were included. High internal consistency was found for the metrics with Cronbach's alpha coefficient for standardized items of 0.91. Significant test-retest reliability was found for 15 of the metrics (p-values 50 VATS lobectomies performed). A pass/fail level defined as approximately one standard deviation from the mean metric scores for experienced surgeons passed none of the novices (0 % false positives) and failed four of the experienced surgeons (29 % false negatives). This study is the first to establish validity evidence for a VATS right upper lobe lobectomy virtual reality simulator test. Several simulator metrics demonstrated significant differences between novices and experienced surgeons and pass/fail criteria for the test were set with acceptable consequences. This test can be used as a first step in assessing thoracic surgery trainees' VATS lobectomy competency.

  2. Coil Localization-Guided Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Lung Nodules.

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    Fu, Yu-Fei; Zhang, Miao; Wu, Wen-Bin; Wang, Tao

    2017-11-14

    To determine the clinical efficacy of preoperative coil localization-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung nodules. Between November 2015 and July 2017, 56 patients with lung nodules underwent coil localization-guided VATS procedure. The coil implantation was performed under the guidance of computed tomography (CT). The end tail of the coil remained above the visceral pleura. The target lung nodules were removed by VATS wedge resection. Data on the technical success of coil localization and wedge resection, procedure-related complications, and pathological results were collected and analyzed. Sixty-seven lung nodules in 56 patients (1.2 nodules/case) were localized. The technical success rate of coil localization was 89.6% (60/67). Sixty-three nodules were localized with one coil and four nodules with two coils. The mean time taken to perform CT-guided coil implantation was 15.7 ± 5.3 (range: 8-40) minutes. Six patients (9.0%) experienced pneumothorax after coil implantation. The technical success rate of wedge resection was 97.0% (65/67). Two nodules were removed directly by video-assisted lobectomy. Nine patients with multiple target lung nodules underwent single-stage resection. The mean total operating time was 147.2 ± 79.1 (range: 50-360) minutes. The mean volume of blood loss was 113.2 ± 113.0 (range: 10-700) mL. Postoperative complications included prolonged air leak (n = 2) and pleural effusion (n = 5). Preoperative coil localization is a safe and effective method to facilitate a high successful rate of VATS wedge-resection for lung nodules.

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery versus sternotomy in thymectomy for thymoma and myasthenia gravis.

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    Raza, Adnan; Woo, Edwin

    2016-01-01

    Thymectomy involves the removal of all the soft tissue in the pre-vascular plane of the anterior mediastinum between the two phrenic nerves. Surgical success in controlling myasthenia and the most important factor influencing survival in patients with thymoma depends on complete clearance of thymic tissue. Currently there is a perception that the open (median sternotomy) approach offers better visualisation of the thymic tissue. This perceived advantage is thought to justify the invasive nature of the procedure associated with increased morbidity. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for thymectomy has evolved significantly over the last decade, including bilateral and unilateral VATS (either left or right) approaches. The laterality of the approach remains largely on surgeon preferences, with the decision influenced by their experience and training. VATS offers superior illumination and magnification, particularly with the availability of advanced cameras with variable angles that provide better exposure and lighting of the operative field. The use of three-dimensional-operating imaging has also revolutionised the VATS technique. VATS thymectomy is a superior and radical technique in minimising access trauma and removing all thymic tissue that may be scattered in the anterior mediastinum and cervical fat. Other advantages of VATS include less intraoperative blood loss, early removal of chest drains, less requirement for blood products, decreased inflammatory cytokine response, shorter hospital stay and superior cosmesis. There is also a decreased risk of respiratory and cardiac related complications compared to the open (sternotomy) technique. Furthermore, no significant difference has been found in long-term complications and survival rate between VATS and open approaches. Subsequently, the VATS approach should be encouraged as more surgeons are adopting the minimally invasive practice as routine.

  4. Anesthesia for thoracoscopic surgery

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    Conacher I

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Anesthesia for thoracoscopy is based on one lung ventilation. Lung separators in the airway are essential tools. An anatomical shunt as a result of the continued perfusion of a non-ventilated lung is the principal intraoperative concern. The combination of equipment, technique and process increase risks of hypoxia and dynamic hyperinflation, in turn, potential factors in the development of an unusual form of pulmonary edema. Analgesia management is modelled on that shown effective and therapeutic for thoracotomy. Perioperative management needs to reflect the concern for these complex, and complicating, processes to the morbidity of thoracoscopic surgery.

  5. Successful Treatment of Mediastinal Unicentric Castleman’s Disease Using Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery with Preoperative Embolization

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    Yosuke Amano

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Unicentric Castleman’s disease is a rare, benign lymphoproliferative disorder that is curable with surgical resection. However, significant bleeding often occurs during surgery because of tumor hypervascularity. We herein present a case of hyaline-vascular-type mediastinal unicentric Castleman’s disease, successfully resected using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with preoperative embolization. In the present case, tumor hypervascularity and feeding vessels were revealed by computed tomography (CT, which led us to perform preoperative angiography and embolization to the tumor feeding arteries to reduce intraoperative bleeding. Castleman’s disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypervascular mediastinal tumors. Tumor vascularity should be assessed prior to surgery, and preoperative embolization should be considered.

  6. Single-incision versus multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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    Yang, Zhang; Shen, Zhenghai; Zhou, Qinghua; Huang, Yunchao

    2017-09-21

    Recent studies compared single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) with more widely used conventional multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer. To establish the safety and feasible of SITS in the treatment of lung cancer, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis. Eleven studies were identified from the databases of PubMed, Cochrane Library, SpringerLink, and ScienceDirect. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomized studies evaluated the outcomes of SITS compared with multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of lung cancer were included for analysis. Odds ratio (OR, used to compare dichotomous variables) and weight mean difference (WMD, used to compare continuous variables) were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) based on intention-to-treat analysis. Eleven studies including 1314 patients were included for analysis. Our analysis showed that the operative time, blood loss amount, mean duration of chest tube, lymph nodes retrieved were similar between two approaches, the SITS pulmonary resection might be associated with shorter hospital stay (p = .008) and lower complication rate (p = .009) when compared with conventional multiport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery approaches. In selected patients SITS is safe, feasible and may be considered an alternative to multiport VATS.

  7. Case report: Curetting osteoid osteoma of the spine using combined video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and navigation.

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    Campos, Wuilker Knoner; Gasbarrini, Alessandro; Boriani, Stefano

    2013-02-01

    A spinal osteoid osteoma is a rare benign tumor. The usual treatment involves complete curettage including the nidus. In the thoracic spine, conventional open surgical treatment usually carries relatively high surgical risks because of the close anatomic relationship to the spinal cord, nerve roots, and thoracic vessels, and pulmonary complications and postoperative pain. We report the case of a 16-year-old girl with a symptomatic osteoid osteoma at the T9 level whose lesion was currettaged using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) guided by a navigation system (VATS-NAV). There were no complications and the patient had immediate relief of the characteristic pain after surgery and was asymptomatic at 5 months' followup. Progressive advances in the technology of spinal surgery have evolved to offer greater safety and less morbidity for patients. The advent of minimally invasive surgery has expanded the indications for VATS for anterior spinal disorders. Spinal navigation systems have become useful tools allowing localization and excision of the nidus of osteoid osteomas with minimal bone resection and without radiation exposure. The VATS-NAV combination in our patient allowed accurate localization and guidance for complete excision of a spinal osteoid osteoma through a minimally invasive approach without compromising spinal stability.

  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with posterior spinal reconstruction for the resection of upper lobe lung tumors involving the spine.

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    Stoker, Geoffrey E; Buchowski, Jacob M; Kelly, Michael P; Meyers, Bryan F; Patterson, G Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is associated with less morbidity and recovery time compared with traditional open thoracotomy (OT) for the resection of early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Local invasion of NSCLC into adjacent vertebrae confers a TNM T status of T4. Anatomical lobectomy by VATS with simultaneous posterior spinal reconstruction (PSR), as a single procedure, offers advantages to selected patients judged as suitable candidates for resection. To report the preliminary results of a novel, multidisciplinary surgical technique for the treatment of upper lobe lung cancers with direct extension to the spine. Consecutive case series. Eight adults who underwent PSR with either VATS or OT for the treatment of a T4 (vertebral body invasion) NSCLC. Total operative time, estimated blood loss, length of hospital stay, postoperative tumor recurrence and metastasis, survival, reoperations, and any other intraoperative or postoperative complication. Eight consecutive patients who underwent instrumented PSR with corpectomy for the treatment of an upper lobe NSCLC at a single institution were identified. Either VATS (n=4) or OT (n=4) was performed at the time of the reconstruction in each patient. All tumors were stage III NSCLC without metastasis. Patients who underwent VATS and OT were aged 54±11 and 54±2.9 years, respectively. Mean operative time and blood loss were similar between the groups: VATS: 367±117 minutes versus OT: 518±264 minutes; VATS: 813±463 mL versus OT: 1,250±1,500 mL. Mean follow-up was 16±13 months after surgery. Complications occurred in all eight patients. One OT patient had wound dehiscence requiring a tissue flap, and another suffered from a septic shock. No wound complications developed after VATS. Death secondary to tumor recurrence occurred once in each group. For the six surviving patients, 23±15 months (range, 4.5-43 months) have elapsed since surgery. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with PSR is a

  9. Awake single-access (uniportal) video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for peripheral pulmonary nodules in a complete ambulatory setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocco, Gaetano; Romano, Vincenzo; Accardo, Rosanna; Tempesta, Alfonso; La Manna, Carmine; La Rocca, Antonello; Martucci, Nicola; D' Aiuto, Massimiliano; Polimeno, Emilia

    2010-05-01

    Traditional 3-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in a patient who is awake has been proposed as a breakthrough in the direction of fast tracking patients through routine thoracic surgical procedures. We wanted to explore the possibility of further reducing surgical invasiveness by resecting a peripheral pulmonary nodule with single-access (uniportal) VATS in an awake, nonintubated, nonventilated patient, with selective occlusion of the tributary lobar bronchus. A 47-year-old woman with bilateral peripheral nodules underwent uniportal VATS wedge resection of an undetermined nodule in the right middle lobe. The patient was awake and under mild sedation for the entire procedure. Single-shot epidural regional anesthesia was administered. Under guidance provided by a reusable, portable flexible bronchoscope, a Fogarty balloon was positioned to occlude the right middle lobe bronchus to facilitate collapse of the targeted parenchyma. At the end of the procedure, the chest drain was connected to a portable vacuum system delivering autonomous suction. Awake uniportal VATS resection of peripheral nodules in selected patients is feasible and appears to be safe. Available technology may enable further reduction of costs related to length of hospitalization. The concept of ambulatory thoracic surgery may further evolve by utilizing uniportal VATS in an awake patient to solve the often-challenging diagnostic dilemmas represented by undetermined lung lesions. Copyright (c) 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Preferences for treatment of lobectomy in Chinese lung cancer patients: video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or open thoracotomy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang B

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Bo Yang,1 Fang Zhao,1 Zhenfeng Zong,1 Jun Yuan,1 Xiang Song,1 Mingming Ren,1 Qingjun Meng,1 Guoguang Dai,1 Fanyi Kong,1 Shumin Xie,2 Siying Cheng,2 Tianwen Gao2 1Hebei Cangzhou Central Hospital, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hebei, 2Xiangya Medical School of Central-South University, Changsha, People’s Republic of China Background: This study was designed to investigate the preferences for treatment of lobectomy in Chinese lung cancer patients and differences in the psychological and social factors that influence treatment decision-making.Methods: One hundred and forty patients with stage I lung cancer were recruited from Hebei Cangzhou Central Hospital. Before surgery, the patients completed a questionnaire that surveyed their preferences for treatment and the relevant influencing factors. Differences in psychological and social characteristics were compared between lung cancer patients who chose video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS and those who opted for open thoracotomy.Results: Among the 135 valid questionnaires, 79 patients preferred VATS and 56 patients chose open thoracotomy. Potential side effects, doctors’ recommendation, the prognosticated chance for cure, cosmesis, and financial burden influenced the patients’ decisions.Conclusion: The minimally invasive advantages of VATS, including lesser trauma to the chest wall, earlier remission of postoperative pain, faster recovery, less bleeding, and improved cardiopulmonary function made VATS more attractive to patients needing lobectomy for lung cancer. However, the choice of VATS over open thoracotomy is still influenced by the degree of prognosticated cure and the feasibility of surgery. Keywords: lobectomy, treatment decision-making, Chinese, oncologists

  11. Augmented reality visualization for thoracoscopic spine surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Frank; Vogt, Sebastian; Khamene, Ali; Heining, Sandro; Euler, Ekkehard; Schneberger, Marc; Zuerl, Konrad; Mutschler, Wolf

    2006-03-01

    We are developing an augmented reality (AR) image guidance system in which information derived from medical images is overlaid onto a video view of the patient. The centerpiece of the system is a head-mounted display custom fitted with two miniature color video cameras that capture the stereo view of the scene. Medical graphics is overlaid onto the video view and appears firmly anchored in the scene, without perceivable time lag or jitter. We have been testing the system for different clinical applications. In this paper we discuss minimally invasive thoracoscopic spine surgery as a promising new orthopedic application. In the standard approach, the thoracoscope - a rigid endoscope - provides visual feedback for the minimally invasive procedure of removing a damaged disc and fusing the two neighboring vertebrae. The navigation challenges are twofold. From a global perspective, the correct vertebrae on the spine have to be located with the inserted instruments. From a local perspective, the actual spine procedure has to be performed precisely. Visual feedback from the thoracoscope provides only limited support for both of these tasks. In the augmented reality approach, we give the surgeon additional anatomical context for the navigation. Before the surgery, we derive a model of the patient's anatomy from a CT scan, and during surgery we track the location of the surgical instruments in relation to patient and model. With this information, we can help the surgeon in both the global and local navigation, providing a global map and 3D information beyond the local 2D view of the thoracoscope. Augmented reality visualization is a particularly intuitive method of displaying this information to the surgeon. To adapt our augmented reality system to this application, we had to add an external optical tracking system, which works now in combination with our head-mounted tracking camera. The surgeon's feedback to the initial phantom experiments is very positive.

  12. Efficiency Analysis of Direct Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery in Elderly Patients with Blunt Traumatic Hemothorax without an Initial Thoracostomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Yen Huang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemothorax is common in elderly patients following blunt chest trauma. Traditionally, tube thoracostomy is the first choice for managing this complication. The goal of this study was to determine the benefits of this approach in elderly patients with and without an initial tube thoracostomy. Seventy-eight patients aged >65 years with blunt chest trauma and stable vital signs were included. All of them had more than 300 mL of hemothorax, indicating that a tube thoracostomy was necessary. The basic demographic data and clinical outcomes of patients with hemothorax who underwent direct video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery without a tube thoracostomy were compared with those who received an initial tube thoracostomy. Patients who did not receive a thoracostomy had lower posttrauma infection rates (28.6% versus 56.3%, P=0.061 and a significantly shorter length of stay in the intensive care unit (3.13 versus 8.27, P=0.029 and in the hospital (15.93 versus 23.17, P=0.01 compared with those who received a thoracostomy. The clinical outcomes in the patients who received direct VATS were more favorable compared with those of the patients who did not receive direct VATS.

  13. Hybrid theatre and alternative localization techniques in conventional and single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ze-Rui; Lau, Rainbow W. H.

    2016-01-01

    Management of pulmonary nodules in terms of diagnosis and intraoperative localization can be challenging, especially in the minimal invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach, and may be even more difficult with single port VATS with limited access. The ability to localize small lesions intraoperatively is particularly important for excisional biopsy for diagnostic frozen section, as well as to guide sublobar resection. Some of the common techniques to aid localization include preoperative percutaneous hookwire localization, colour dye or radio-dye labelling injection of the nodule or adjacent site to allowing visualization or detection by radioactive counter intraoperatively. The use of hybrid operating room (OR) for intraoperative localization of lung nodules was first reported in 2013, and was called image guided VATS (iVATS). Subsequently, we have expanded the iVATS application for single port VATS major lung resection of small or ground-glass opacity lesions. By performing an on-table cone-beam CT scan, real-time and accurate assessment of the pulmonary lesion can be made, which can aid the localization process. Other types of physical or colour marker that can be deployed percutaneously in the hybrid OR immediate before surgery can enhance haptic feedback and sensitivity of digital palpation, as well as provide a radiopaque nidus for radiological confirmation. In the past decade, the electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) technology had developed into a useful adjunct technology for the localization of peripheral lung nodules by injection of marking agent or deployment of fiducial to the lesion through the endobronchial route causing much lower marking agent diffusion and artefacts. Recently, the combination of hybrid OR and ENB for lung nodule localization and marking has further increased the accuracy and applicability of the technology. The article will be exploring the latest development of the above approaches to lung nodule

  14. A risk-adjusted financial model to estimate the cost of a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunelli, Alessandro; Tentzeris, Vasileios; Sandri, Alberto; McKenna, Alexandra; Liew, Shan Liung; Milton, Richard; Chaudhuri, Nilanjan; Kefaloyannis, Emmanuel; Papagiannopoulos, Kostas

    2016-05-01

    To develop a clinically risk-adjusted financial model to estimate the cost associated with a video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy programme. Prospectively collected data of 236 VATS lobectomy patients (August 2012-December 2013) were analysed retrospectively. Fixed and variable intraoperative and postoperative costs were retrieved from the Hospital Accounting Department. Baseline and surgical variables were tested for a possible association with total cost using a multivariable linear regression and bootstrap analyses. Costs were calculated in GBP and expressed in Euros (EUR:GBP exchange rate 1.4). The average total cost of a VATS lobectomy was €11 368 (range €6992-€62 535). Average intraoperative (including surgical and anaesthetic time, overhead, disposable materials) and postoperative costs [including ward stay, high dependency unit (HDU) or intensive care unit (ICU) and variable costs associated with management of complications] were €8226 (range €5656-€13 296) and €3029 (range €529-€51 970), respectively. The following variables remained reliably associated with total costs after linear regression analysis and bootstrap: carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity (DLCO) 0.05) in 86% of the samples. A hypothetical patient with COPD and DLCO less than 60% would cost €4270 more than a patient without COPD and with higher DLCO values (€14 793 vs €10 523). Risk-adjusting financial data can help estimate the total cost associated with VATS lobectomy based on clinical factors. This model can be used to audit the internal financial performance of a VATS lobectomy programme for budgeting, planning and for appropriate bundled payment reimbursements. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  15. CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic localization of pulmonary nodules prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery using barium suspension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Nyoung Keun; Park, Chang Min; Kang, Chang Hyun; Jeon, Yoon Kyung; Choo, Ji Yung; Lee, Hyun-Ju; Goo, Jin Mo

    2012-01-01

    To describe our initial experience with CT-guided percutaneous barium marking for the localization of small pulmonary nodules prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). From October 2010 to April 2011, 10 consecutive patients (4 men and 6 women; mean age, 60 years) underwent CT-guided percutaneous barium marking for the localization of 10 small pulmonary nodules (mean size, 7.6 mm; range, 3-14 mm): 6 pure ground-glass nodules, 3 part-solid nodules, and 1 solid nodule. A 140% barium sulfate suspension (mean amount, 0.2 mL; range, 0.15-0.25 mL) was injected around the nodules with a 21-gauge needle. The technical details, surgical findings and pathologic features associated with barium localizations were evaluated. All nodules were marked within 3 mm (mean distance, 1.1 mm; range, 0-3 mm) from the barium ball (mean diameter, 9.6 mm; range, 8-16 mm) formed by the injected barium suspension. Pneumothorax occurred in two cases, for which one needed aspiration. However, there were no other complications. All barium balls were palpable during VATS and visible on intraoperative fluoroscopy, and were completely resected. Both the whitish barium balls and target nodules were identifiable in the frozen specimens. Pathology revealed one invasive adenocarcinoma, five adenocarcinoma-in-situ, two atypical adenomatous hyperplasias, and two benign lesions. In all cases, there were acute inflammations around the barium balls which did not hamper the histological diagnosis of the nodules. CT-guided percutaneous barium marking can be an effective, convenient and safe pre-operative localization procedure prior to VATS, enabling accurate resection and diagnosis of small or faint pulmonary nodules.

  16. Pulmonary Artery Sealing With an Ultrasonic Energy Device in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy: An Animal Survival Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goudie, Eric; Khereba, Mohamed; Tahiri, Mehdi; Hegde, Pravachan; Thiffault, Vicky; Hadjeres, Rachid; Berdugo, Jérémie; Ferraro, Pasquale; Liberman, Moishe

    2016-10-01

    Pulmonary artery (PA) sealing in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is typically accomplished using vascular endostaplers. Endostaplers may be associated with iatrogenic PA branch injury, especially in short, small PA branches. We evaluated PA branch sealing with the HARMONIC ACE +7 (ACE) shears (Ethicon, Cincinnati, OH) in VATS lobectomy in a canine survival model. Ten adult dogs underwent VATS lobectomy. Standard VATS lobectomy operative technique was used for the entire operation, except for PA branch sealing. The ACE was used for all PA branch sealing. Dogs were kept alive for 30 days. The 10 dogs underwent VATS right upper (n = 5) and right lower (n = 5) lobectomy. The ACE was used to seal 21 PA branches. No PA branch was divided with an endostapler. There were no intraoperative complications or conversions to thoracotomy. Mean in vivo PA diameter was 5.6 mm (range, 2 to 12 mm). One 10-mm PA branch had a partial seal failure immediately at the time of sealing. The device was reapplied on the stump, and the PA branch was successfully sealed. All dogs survived 30 days without hemothorax. Necropsy at 30 days did not reveal any signs of postoperative bleeding. Pathology of the sealed PA branches at 30 days revealed fibrosis, giant cell reaction, neovascularization, and thermal changes of the vessel wall. The use of the ACE for PA branch sealing in VATS lobectomy is safe and effective in an animal survival model. Human studies are needed to determine the clinical safety of ultrasonic PA branch sealing before widespread clinical use. Copyright © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Impact of Surgeon Volume on Outcomes of Older Stage I Lung Cancer Patients Treated via Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Cardinale B; Wolf, Andrea; Mhango, Grace; Wisnivesky, Juan P

    2017-01-01

    Surgeon procedure volume influences outcomes of patients undergoing cancer operations. Limited data are available, however, on the volume-outcome relationship for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we used population-based data to evaluate the extent to which surgeon volume is associated with postoperative and long-term oncological outcomes following VATS resection for older patients with early-stage NSCLC. Stage I NSCLC patients >65 years treated with VATS wedge, segmentectomy, or lobectomy between 2000 and 2010 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry linked to Medicare. Surgeon volume was grouped into tertiles (low, intermediate, and high). Outcomes included perioperative complications, intensive care unit admission, extended length of stay, perioperative (30-day) mortality, and long-term overall and lung cancer-specific survival. We used propensity score methods to compare adjusted survival of patients by surgical volume group. A total of 2295 study patients were identified. Patients treated by high-volume surgeons had decreased intensive care unit admissions (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.41-0.51) and postoperative length of stay (HR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.61-0.92). Adjusted analyses showed that overall (HR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.62-0.87) and lung cancer-specific (HR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.58-0.99) survival was better for patients treated by high-volume surgeons. Elderly stage I NSCLC patients undergoing VATS by high-volume surgeons have reduced postoperative complications and improved survival. Organization of care favoring referrals of VATS candidates to high-volume providers may help improve the outcomes of patients with early-stage lung cancer. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Video-assisted Thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for lung cancer does not induce a procoagulant state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    thrombography. Patients did not receive thromboprophylactic treatment. Data was analyzed using repeated measures one-way ANOVA. Results: The standard coagulation parameters displayed only subtle changes after surgery and the ROTEM® and thrombin generation results remained largely unchanged. Conclusions...

  19. Important Non-Technical Skills in Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjeraa, Kirsten; Mundt, Anna S; Spanager, Lene

    2017-01-01

    , problem solving, leadership, risk assessment, and teamwork. These non-technical skills enabled the team to achieve shared mental models, which in turn facilitated their efforts to anticipate next steps. This was viewed as important by the participants as they saw VATS lobectomy as a high-risk procedure......BACKGROUND: Safety in the operating room is dependent on the team's non-technical skills. The importance of non-technical skills appears to be different for minimally invasive surgery as compared with open surgery. The aim of this study was to identify which non-technical skills are perceived...... analysis was deductive, and directed content analysis was used to code the text into the Oxford Non-Technical Skills system for evaluating operating teams' non-technical skills. RESULTS: The most important non-technical skills described by the VATS teams were planning and preparation, situation awareness...

  20. Thoracoscopic lobectomy: introduction of a new technique into a thoracic surgery training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Michael F; Lucia, Mark W; Starnes, Sandra L; Merrill, Walter H; Howington, John A

    2008-08-01

    Thoracoscopic lobectomy has been demonstrated to be safe and oncologically sound. However, few thoracic surgeons perform the operation. We hypothesized that use of a predetermined, stepwise plan for introduction of thoracoscopic lobectomy into a thoracic surgical training program would facilitate safe learning of the technique. Databases from 2 affiliated institutions were queried to identify all lobectomies during a 4-year period. Our model for introduction of thoracoscopic lobectomy was established expertise in open lobectomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, participation in a formal thoracoscopic lobectomy course, stepwise introduction of specific techniques used in thoracoscopic lobectomy into the operative approach, proctoring of initial thoracoscopic lobectomies by partners, and teaching of the technique to other thoracic surgeons and residents. We performed 202 lobectomies: 97 open and 105 thoracoscopic. Mortality was 3.0%. The conversion rate from thoracoscopic to open thoracotomy was 13%. When divided into quartiles, the percentage of lobectomies performed thoracoscopically increased from 18% in the first quartile to 82% in the fourth quartile. With ongoing experience, the procedure was performed at higher frequency by new staff and trainees. Residents performed 0% of thoracoscopic lobectomies in the first quartile, increasing to 54% in the third quartile. In the fourth quartile residents and a new staff surgeon performed 76% of thoracoscopic lobectomies. A resident was the operating surgeon for 37 thoracoscopic lobectomies. Introduction of thoracoscopic lobectomy into an academic thoracic surgical practice can be achieved safely if a stepwise transition is invoked. Training of thoracic surgical residents and additional staff can thus be effectively accomplished.

  1. [Effects of thoracic paravertebral block on postoperative analgesia and serum level of tumor marker in lung cancer patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jiheng; Zhang, Yunxiao; Huang, Chuan; Chen, Keneng; Fan, Mengying; Fan, Zhiyi

    2015-02-01

    Perioperative management of pain associated with the prognosis of cancer patients. Optimization of perio-perative analgesia method, then reduce perioperative stress response, reduce opioiddosage, to reduce or even avoid systemic adverse reactions and elevated levels of tumor markers. Serum levels of tumor markers in patients with lung cancer are closely related to tumor growth. Clinical research reports on regional anesthesia effect on tumor markers for lung cancer are still very little in domesticliterature. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of thoracic paraverte-bral block on postoperative analgesia and serum level of tumor marker in lung cancer patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Lung cancer patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=20 in each group). The patients in group G were given only general anesthesia. The thoracic paravertebral blockade (PVB) was performed before general anesthesia in patients of group GP. The effect of PVB was judged by testing area of block. Patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) pump started before the end of surgery in 2 groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was recorded after extubation 2 h (T1), 24 h (T2) and 48 h (T3) after surgery and the times of PCIA and the volume of analgesic drugs used were recorded during 48 h after surgery. The serum levels of carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199), carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in 40 lung cancer cases undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy were measured before operation and 24 h after operation. Forty American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II patients, aged 20 yr-70 yr, body mass index (BMI) 18 kg/m2-25 kg/m2, scheduled for elective video-assisted thoraeoscopic lobectomy, VAS scores at T1 and T2 were lower in group GP

  2. Video-thoracoscopic enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luh Shi-Ping

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus. Surgical enucleation is indicated in case of symptoms or an unclear diagnosis, and open thoracotomy has long been the standard approach for this procedure. However, enucleation through video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS has been developed as a preferred approach for most lesions in recent years. Method Herein we report our twelve patients (seven men and five women, with median age of 42 years from 2001 to 2009, who underwent enucleation through VATS for esophageal leiomyomas, with a size from 1 to 8 cm in diameter (median: 5, and at different locations, from the thoracic outlet to near the diaphragmatic level of the thoracic esophagus. Intraoperative fiberoptic esophagoscopy was performed in two patients for localization by illumination. A right-sided approach was performed in eight cases (upper two thirds of esophagus and the left-sided in another four cases (lower third of esophagus. Result The median operative time was 95 minutes (70 to 230 minutes. Four of them required small utility incisions (4-6 cm for better exploration and manipulation. There were no major complications, such as death or empyema due to leaks from mucosal tears, and the presenting symptoms were improved during the follow-up period, from 12 to 98 months. Conclusion VATS can be considered as an initial approach for most patients with esophageal leiomyomas, even large in size, irregular in shape, or at unfavorable location. It is a safe, minimally invasive, and effective treatment. However, conversion to open thoracotomy should be required for the sake of clinical or technical concern.

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under O-arm navigation system guidance for the treatment of thoracic disk herniations: surgical techniques and early clinical results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hur, Jung-Woo; Kim, Jin-Sung; Cho, Dong-Young; Shin, Jong-Mok; Lee, Jun-Ho; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2014-11-01

    This study describes the surgical technique and clinical results of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) assisted by an O-arm-based navigation system, used for the treatment of thoracic disk herniation (TDH). The trend toward the use of minimally invasive procedures with endoscopic visualization of the thoracic cavity in thoracic spine surgery has evolved. It is difficult to develop a new set of visuomotor skills unique to endoscopic procedures and understand the three-dimensional (3D) anatomy while performing a two-dimensional (2D) imaging procedure. Adding image guidance would have a positive impact on these procedures, making them safer and more precise. We report the results of 10 patients who underwent diskectomy for TDH using VATS assisted by an O-arm-based navigation system and describe the surgical technique. The average duration of the symptoms was 2.8 years; average operation time, 326.9 minutes; and average additional time required for the image guidance surgery using the O-arm-based navigation, ∼ 29.4 minutes. No complications occurred during the surgical procedure or the immediate postoperative period. The advantages of using navigational assistance during the surgical procedure include better visualization of the operative field, more accurate surgical planning, and optimization of the surgical approach involving the establishment of the correct drilling trajectory and safe decompression of the spinal cord, as well as the possibility of intraoperative control of bone resection. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. Preoperative computed tomography of the chest in lung cancer patients: the predictive value of calcified lymph nodes for the perioperative outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Kwang Nam; Lee, Youkyung; Wi, Jae Yeon [Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Hyeon-Jong; Sung, Yong Won [Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-12-15

    To determine the predictive value of identifying calcified lymph nodes (LNs) for the perioperative outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Fifty-six consecutive patients who underwent VATS lobectomy for lung cancer were included. We evaluated the number and location of calcified LNs on computed tomography (CT). We investigated clinical parameters, including percentage forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV{sub 1}%), surgery duration, chest tube indwelling duration, and length of hospital stay. We performed linear regression analysis and multiple comparisons of perioperative outcomes. Mean number of calcified LNs per patient was 0.9 (range, 0-6), mostly located in the hilar-interlobar zone (43.8 %). For surgery duration (mean, 5.0 h), FEV{sub 1}% and emphysema severity were independent predictors (P = 0.010 and 0.003, respectively). The number of calcified LNs was an independent predictor for chest tube indwelling duration (P = 0.030) and length of hospital stay (P = 0.046). Mean duration of chest tube indwelling and hospital stay was 8.8 days and 12.7 days in no calcified LN group; 9.2 and 13.2 in 1 calcified LN group; 12.8 and 19.7 in {>=}2 calcified LNs group, respectively. The presence of calcified LNs on CT can help predict more complicated perioperative course following VATS lobectomy. (orig.)

  5. A new possibility in thoracoscopic virtual reality simulation training: development and testing of a novel virtual reality simulator for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Konge, Lars

    2015-10-01

    The aims of this study were to develop virtual reality simulation software for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, to explore the opinions of thoracic surgeons concerning the VATS lobectomy simulator and to test the validity of the simulator metrics. Experienced VATS surgeons worked with computer specialists to develop a VATS lobectomy software for a virtual reality simulator. Thoracic surgeons with different degrees of experience in VATS were enrolled at the 22nd meeting of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) held in Copenhagen in June 2014. The surgeons were divided according to the number of performed VATS lobectomies: novices (0 VATS lobectomies), intermediates (1-49 VATS lobectomies) and experienced (>50 VATS lobectomies). The participants all performed a lobectomy of a right upper lobe on the simulator and answered a questionnaire regarding content validity. Metrics were compared between the three groups. We succeeded in developing the first version of a virtual reality VATS lobectomy simulator. A total of 103 thoracic surgeons completed the simulated lobectomy and were distributed as follows: novices n = 32, intermediates n = 45 and experienced n = 26. All groups rated the overall user realism of the VATS lobectomy scenario to a median of 5 on a scale 1-7, with 7 being the best score. The experienced surgeons found the graphics and movements realistic and rated the scenario high in terms of usefulness as a training tool for novice and intermediate experienced thoracic surgeons, but not very useful as a training tool for experienced surgeons. The metric scores were not statistically significant between groups. This is the first study to describe a commercially available virtual reality simulator for a VATS lobectomy. More than 100 thoracic surgeons found the simulator realistic, and hence it showed good content validity. However, none of the built-in simulator metrics could significantly distinguish between novice, intermediate

  6. [CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules with a special lung marking wire before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - review of 184 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulze, M-K; Eichfeld, U; Kahn, T; Stumpp, P

    2012-06-01

    Minimally invasive techniques like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are currently the method of choice for the resection of small pulmonary nodules, when they are located in the periphery of the lungs. To guarantee quick and safe intraoperative identification of the nodule, preoperative marking is necessary and sensible. We report about our experiences in 184 markings with a special lung marking wire, which is placed in or around the pulmonary nodule using CT guidance. In 184 patients (97 m, 87f, mean age: 58.1 ± 13.7 years) with pulmonary nodules, scheduled for resection with VATS, a special lung marking wire was placed preoperatively under CT guidance. We evaluated the technical success, safety, necessity of conversion to thoracotomy and histology in all patients. The marking wire could be positioned successfully in 181 cases (98.4 %). There was one major complication (uncontrollable pneumothorax). Minor adverse events like small pneumothorax (53.3 %) or a perifocal bleeding (30.4 %) did not necessitate treatment. Complete resection of the marked nodule was successful in 98.4 % of the patients. Conversion to thoracotomy was necessary in 29 patients (15.9 %) due to bleeding, adhesions, malignancy or wire dislocation. Histology revealed a benign nodule in 96 cases (54.4 %) and a malignant lesion in 78 cases (45.6 %), of which only 21 nodules (11.5 %) turned out to present a primary pulmonary carcinoma. CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules using a special marking wire followed by thoracoscopic resection is an efficient and safe method for diagnosing suspicious nodules in the periphery of the lung. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Computed tomography guided percutaneous injection of a mixture of lipiodol and methylene blue in rabbit lungs: evaluation of localization ability for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Kwang Nam; Lee, Kyung Won; Kim, Tae Jung; Song, Yong Sub; Kim, Dong Il

    2014-01-01

    Preoperative localization is necessary prior to video assisted thoracoscopic surgery for the detection of small or deeply located lung nodules. We compared the localization ability of a mixture of lipiodol and methylene blue (MLM) (0.6 mL, 1:5) to methylene blue (0.5 mL) in rabbit lungs. CT-guided percutaneous injections were performed in 21 subjects with MLM and methylene blue. We measured the extent of staining on freshly excised lung and evaluated the subjective localization ability with 4 point scales at 6 and 24 hr after injections. For MLM, radio-opacity was evaluated on the fluoroscopy. We considered score 2 (acceptable) or 3 (excellent) as appropriate for localization. The staining extent of MLM was significantly smaller than methylene blue (0.6 vs 1.0 cm, Pmethylene blue (2.8 vs 2.2, P=0.010). Excellent staining was achieved in 17 subjects (81%) with MLM and 8 (38%) with methylene blue (P=0.011). An acceptable or excellent radio-opacity of MLM was found in 13 subjects (62%). An appropriate localization rate of MLM was 100% with the use of the directly visible ability and radio-opacity of MLM. MLM provides a superior pulmonary localization ability over methylene blue.

  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selimović, Amina; Hasanbegović, Edo; Mujičić, Ermina; Milišić, Selma; Haxhija, Emir; Karavdić, Kenan; Pilav, Alen

    2017-02-01

    Aim The aim was to show rare cases of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and the manner of its surgical treatment with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods Two male and one female child, 7, 4 and 3 years of age were treated for symptoms of cough and high temperature in district hospitals. In all three children laboratory blood tests and chest radiography were done. Auscultatory findings showed the presence of pneumonia. Children were treated with appropriate doses of antibiotics. After the rehabilitation of inflammation, they were sent to the University Clinical Center Sarajevo, where video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATS) was indicated after computerized tomography (CT). Results Chest CT scan pointed to the CCAM and pulmonary sequestration (PS) changes to the lungs. This has required surgery lobectomy of an affected part of the lungs. In two children with PS, the aberrant systemic artery came from the most proximal part of aorta abdominals, the third patient did not have an anomalous artery. Conclusion VATS lobectomy is an alternative to the traditional thoracotomy for the treatment of CCAM and PS, however, it should be investigated in the future for its safety and effectiveness. Copyright© by the Medical Assotiation of Zenica-Doboj Canton.

  9. Coagulation profile in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    Background: Knowledge about the impact of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin (LMWH) on the coagulation system in patients undergoing minimal invasive lung cancer surgery is sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing Video......-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) lobectomy for primary lung cancer. Methods: Sixty-three patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomized to either subcutaneous injection with dalteparin (Fragmin®) 5000 IE once daily or no intervention. Coagulation was assessed pre-, peri......-, and the first two days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood test, thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) and thrombin generation. Results: Patients undergoing potential curative surgery for lung cancer were not hypercoagulable preoperatively. There was no statistically significant difference in the majority...

  10. Coagulation profile in open and video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Decker; Vad, Henrik; Pedersen, Søren

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer patients are perceived to have a relatively high risk of venous thromboembolic events due to an activation of the coagulation system. In terms of activation of the coagulation system, the difference between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open lobectomies...... for primary lung cancer has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the impact on the coagulation system in patients undergoing curative surgery for primary lung cancer by either VATS or open lobectomies. METHODS: In total, 62 patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer were allocated...... to either VATS (n = 32) or open lobectomies (n = 30). All patients received subcutaneous injections with dalteparin (Fragmin®) 5000 IE once daily. The coagulation was assessed pre- and intraoperatively, and the first 2 days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood tests, thromboelastometry (ROTEM...

  11. Effect of preoperative pregabalin as an adjunct to a multimodal analgesic regimen in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: A randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong Chan; Byun, Sunghye; Kim, Seongsu; Lee, Seon-Yi; Lee, Joo Hyung; Ahn, Sowoon

    2017-12-01

    Depending on the type of injury, the pain mechanisms are multifactorial. Preoperative pregabalin administrations as an adjunct to a multimodal postoperative pain management strategy have been tested in various surgical settings. The purpose of current study was to evaluate the effects of preoperative pregabalin administration on postoperative pain intensity and rescue analgesic requirement following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Sixty adult patients undergoing VATS were randomly assigned either to receive pregabalin 150 mg (Pregabalin group) or placebo (Control group) 1 hour before anesthesia. Primary efficacy variable was pain intensity. Secondary efficacy variables were the requirement of rescue analgesics, total volume of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA), and adverse effects induced by pregabalin or IV-PCA. Pain intensity scores at post-anesthesia care unit (PACU), 6 and 24 hours were lower significantly in the Pregabalin group compared with the Control group (mean [SD]; 5.6 [2.0] vs 6.8 [1.8]; mean difference: 1.2, 95% CI of difference: 0.2166-2.1835, P = .018, mean [SD]; 3.8 [1.9] vs 5.6 [1.4]; mean difference: 1.8, 95% CI of difference: 1.0074-2.7260, P = .001 and mean [SD]; 2.6 [1.6] vs 3.5 [1.5]; mean difference: 0.9, 95% CI of difference: 0.0946-1.7054, P = .029, respectively]. Also, the frequency of additional rescue drug administered at PACU (median [interquartile range]; 2 [2-3] vs 1 [1-2], P = .027) was significantly less in the Pregabalin group. The incidences of adverse effects related to pregabalin or IV-PCA were not different between the groups. A single administration of pregabalin 150 mg before VATS decreased postoperative pain scores and incidence of additional rescue analgesics in the immediate postoperative period without increased risk of adverse effects.

  12. What are the Advantages? A Prospective Analysis of 16 versus 28 French Chest Tube Sizes in Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy of Lung Cancer

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    Mei YANG

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Post-operation management of minimally invasive thoracic surgery is similar to that of open surgery, especially on the drainage tube of the chest. The aim of this study is to compare the advantages of using 16 F versus 28 F chest tubes in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS lobectomy of lung cancer. Methods Data from 163 patients (February-May 2014 who underwent VATS lobectomy of lung cancer with insertion of one chest drain (16 F or 28 F were analyzed. The following post-operative data were evaluated: primary healing of tube incision, CXR abnormalities (pneumothorax, fluid, atelectasis, subcutaneous emphysema, and hematoma, drainage time, new drain insertion, and wound healing at the site of insertion. Results A total of 75 patients received 28 F chest tubes, and 88 patients received 16 F chest tubes. Both groups were similar in age, gender, comorbidities, and pathological evaluation of resection specimens. After adjustment, no statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in relation to tube-related complications including residual pneumothoraces (4.00% vs 4.44%; P=0.999, subcutaneous emphysema (8.00% vs 6.67%; P=0.789, retained hemothorax (0 vs 41%, P=0.253, and drainage time [(28.4±16.12 h vs (22.1±11.8 h; P=0.120] The average total drainage volume and rrhythmia rates of the 16 F group [(365±106 mL, 14.67%] was less than that of the 28 F group [(665±217 mL, 4.5%; P=0.030, P=0.047]. The rates of primary healing at the site of insertion in the 16 F group (95.45% was higher than that in the 28 F group (77.73%, P=0.039. A significant difference was found on the post-operative length of stay of the two groups [(4.23±0.05 d vs (4.57±0.16 d, P=0.078]. Conclusion The use of 16 F chest tube for VATS lobectomy of patients with lung cancer did not affect the clinically relevant outcomes tested. However, 16 F chest tube facilitated faster wound healing at the site of insertion.

  13. Efficacy of Single-Port Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lobectomy Compared with Triple-Port VATS by Propensity Score Matching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Kyung Sub; Park, Chang Kwon; Kim, Jae Bum

    2017-10-01

    In recent years, single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients has become increasingly common. The objective of this study was to compare the feasibility and safety of single-port and triple-port VATS lobectomy. A total of 73 patients with NSCLC who underwent VATS lobectomy from December 2011 to August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, including 47 in the triple-port group and 26 in the single-port group. Statistical analysis was performed after propensity score matching. Patients were matched on a 1-to-1 basis. Operative time and intraoperative blood loss in the triple-port group and the single-port group were similar (189.4±50.8 minutes vs. 205.4±50.6 minutes, p=0.259; 286.5±531.0 mL vs. 314.6±513.1 mL, p=0.813). There were no cases of morbidity or mortality. No significant differences in complications or the total number of dissected lymph nodes were found between the 2 groups. In the single-port group, more mediastinal lymph nodes were dissected than in the triple-port group (1.7±0.6 vs. 1.2±0.5, p=0.011). Both groups had 1 patient with bronchopleural fistula. Chest tube duration and postoperative hospital stay were shorter in the single-port group than in the triple-port group (8.7±5.1 days vs. 6.2±6.6 days, p=0.130; 11.7±6.1 days vs. 9.5±6.4 days, p=0.226). However, the differences were not statistically significant. In the single-port group, the rate of conversion to multi-port VATS lobectomy was 11.5% (3 of 26). The rates of conversion to open thoracotomy in the triple-port and single-port groups were 7.7% and 3.8%, respectively (p=1.000). In comparison with the triple-port group, single-port VATS lobectomy showed similar results in safety and efficacy, indicating that single-port VATS lobectomy is a feasible and safe option for lung cancer patients.

  14. Video-assisted thoracoscopic double lobectomy for bronchiectasis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although thoracoscopic lobectomy for severe bronchiectasis has been reported in children, this is the fi rst report of double lobectomy of the right middle and lower lobes performed using the video-assisted thoracoscopy in a 9-year-old girl. The post-operative course was uneventful and she is currently well after 18 months' ...

  15. A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A case that underwent bilateral video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) biopsy combined with pneumonectomy is presented. The patient developed hypoxia during the contralateral VATS biopsy. His hypoxia was treated with positive expiratory pressure (PEEP) to the dependent lung and apneic oxygen insufflation to ...

  16. Coronary artery disease is associated with an increased mortality rate following video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandri, Alberto; Petersen, Rene Horsleben; Decaluwé, Herbert

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and mortality following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy in patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Multicentre retrospective analysis of 1699 patients undergoing VATS lobectomy...... (January 2012-March 2015). CAD definition: previous acute myocardial infarct (AMI), angina, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). MACE definition: postoperative acute myocardial ischemia, cardiac arrest or any cardiac death. Propensity score analysis was performed...

  17. Learning thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2010-01-01

    Thoracoscopic (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)) lobectomy is a safe and effective method for treating early-stage lung cancer. Despite this, it is still not widely practised, which could be due to a shallow learning curve. We have evaluated the surgical outcome in a training programme...

  18. Applications for a hybrid operating room in thoracic surgery: from multidisciplinary procedures to image-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Mingarini Terra

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The concept of a hybrid operating room represents the union of a high-complexity surgical apparatus with state-of-the-art radiological tools (ultrasound, CT, fluoroscopy, or magnetic resonance imaging, in order to perform highly effective, minimally invasive procedures. Although the use of a hybrid operating room is well established in specialties such as neurosurgery and cardiovascular surgery, it has rarely been explored in thoracic surgery. Our objective was to discuss the possible applications of this technology in thoracic surgery, through the reporting of three cases.

  19. CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules with a special lung marking wire before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Review of 184 cases; CT-gestuetzte Drahtmarkierung vor videoassistierter thorakoskopischer OP von pulmonalen Rundherden. Eine Auswertung von 184 Faellen

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    Schulze, M.K.; Eichfeld, U.; Kahn, T.; Stumpp, P. [Universitaetsklinikum Leipzig AoeR (Germany). Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2012-06-15

    Purpose: Minimally invasive techniques like video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are currently the method of choice for the resection of small pulmonary nodules, when they are located in the periphery of the lungs. To guarantee quick and safe intraoperative identification of the nodule, preoperative marking is necessary and sensible. We report about our experiences in 184 markings with a special lung marking wire, which is placed in or around the pulmonary nodule using CT guidance. Materials and Methods: In 184 patients (97 m, 87f, mean age: 58.1 {+-} 13.7 years) with pulmonary nodules, scheduled for resection with VATS, a special lung marking wire was placed preoperatively under CT guidance. We evaluated the technical success, safety, necessity of conversion to thoracotomy and histology in all patients. Results: The marking wire could be positioned successfully in 181 cases (98.4 %). There was one major complication (uncontrollable pneumothorax). Minor adverse events like small pneumothorax (53.3 %) or a perifocal bleeding (30.4 %) did not necessitate treatment. Complete resection of the marked nodule was successful in 98.4 % of the patients. Conversion to thoracotomy was necessary in 29 patients (15.9 %) due to bleeding, adhesions, malignancy or wire dislocation. Histology revealed a benign nodule in 96 cases (54.4 %) and a malignant lesion in 78 cases (45.6 %), of which only 21 nodules (11.5 %) turned out to present a primary pulmonary carcinoma. Conclusion: CT-guided marking of pulmonary nodules using a special marking wire followed by thoracoscopic resection is an efficient and safe method for diagnosing suspicious nodules in the periphery of the lung. (orig.)

  20. Robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: current status and prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Hiroshige; Taniguchi, Yuji

    2013-03-01

    The most favorable advantage of robotic surgery is the markedly free movement of joint-equipped robotic forceps under 3-dimensional high-vision. Accurate operation makes complex procedures straightforward, and may overcome weak points of the previous thoracoscopic surgery. The efficiency and safety improves with acquiring skills. However, the spread of robotic surgery in the general thoracic surgery field has been delayed compared to those in other fields. The surgical indications include primary lung cancer, thymic diseases, and mediastinal tumors, but it is unclear whether the technical advantages felt by operators are directly connected to merits for patients. Moreover, problems concerning the cost and education have not been solved. Although evidence is insufficient for robotic thoracic surgery, it may be an extension of thoracoscopic surgery, and reports showing its usefulness for primary lung cancer, myasthenia gravis, and thymoma have been accumulating. Advancing robot technology has a possibility to markedly change general thoracic surgery.

  1. Role of video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy in the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis

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    Luiz Eduardo Villaça Leão

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: Essential hyperhidrosis is a frequent disorder causing significant functional impairment. The advent and development of video-assisted thoracoscopic techniques now allows thoracic sympathectomy to be carried out precisely and safety with good results and minimal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of video-assisted thoracic sympathectomy in patients diagnosed as presenting severe and disabling hyperhidrosis. TYPE OF STUDY: This was a longitudinal study of the clinical course of all hyperhidrosis cases selected for surgery between May 1999 and January 2003. SETTING: Division of Thoracic Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP. PARTICIPANTS: 743 patients with surgery indicated due to palmar hyperhidrosis (49.8%, palmar-axillary hyperhidrosis (38.1%, craniofacial hyperhidrosis (8.9% or isolated axillary hyperhidrosis (2.8%. PROCEDURES: Video-thoracoscopic sympathectomy was performed, isolating the second thoracic ganglion (T2 in all patients, with additional sympathectomy of T3 and T4 if necessary. MAIN MEASUREMENTS:The clinical course was followed up via questionnaires, phone calls, letters and statements. Simple questions were asked regarding the disappearance of symptoms and presence and intensity of compensatory sweating. RESULTS: The surgery was regarded as efficient in all cases of palmar hyperhidrosis. In the craniofacial hyperhidrosis cases, partial recurrence of the symptoms occurred in 2 cases (3.0%. Partial recurrence or persistence of symptoms occurred in 20% of the patients with predominantly axillary symptomatology. The compensatory sweating was considered disagreeable or uncomfortable by about 30% of the patients, but it only reached the level of regretting the operation for 3% of them. This occurred more frequently in patients with axillary hyperhidrosis. Ten cases of complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Thoracoscopic sympathectomy provides very good results in most patients, with a very low complication

  2. Applications for a hybrid operating room in thoracic surgery: from multidisciplinary procedures to --image-guided video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terra, Ricardo Mingarini; Andrade, Juliano Ribeiro; Mariani, Alessandro Wasum; Garcia, Rodrigo Gobbo; Succi, Jose Ernesto; Soares, Andrey; Zimmer, Paulo Marcelo

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a hybrid operating room represents the union of a high-complexity surgical apparatus with state-of-the-art radiological tools (ultrasound, CT, fluoroscopy, or magnetic resonance imaging), in order to perform highly effective, minimally invasive procedures. Although the use of a hybrid operating room is well established in specialties such as neurosurgery and cardiovascular surgery, it has rarely been explored in thoracic surgery. Our objective was to discuss the possible applications of this technology in thoracic surgery, through the reporting of three cases. RESUMO O conceito de sala híbrida traduz a união de um aparato cirúrgico de alta complexidade com recursos radiológicos de última geração (ultrassom, TC, radioscopia e/ou ressonância magnética), visando a realização de procedimentos minimamente invasivos e altamente eficazes. Apesar de bem estabelecido em outras especialidades, como neurocirurgia e cirurgia cardiovascular, o uso da sala hibrida ainda é pouco explorado na cirurgia torácica. Nosso objetivo foi discutir as aplicações e as possibilidades abertas por essa tecnologia na cirurgia torácica através do relato de três casos.

  3. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper sleeve lobectomy and tracheoplasty in a 10-year-old patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Marin, Jessica Correa; Granados, Juan Pablo Ovalle; Llano, Juan David Urrea; Cañas, Sonia Roque; Arqueta, Alonso Oviedo; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2016-09-01

    Tracheobronchial pediatric tumors are very rare and procedures like pneumonectomy are seldomly indicated due to the associated morbidity. If a surgical approach is considered, the ideal oncological technique would be the minimally invasive sleeve resection, allowing preservation of lung parenchyma (very important in pediatric patients). Here we present the first report of a thoracoscopic right upper tracheo-bronchial sleeve lobectomy in a pediatric patient. A 10-year-old female patient, who received multiple antibiotic treatments for recurrent pneumonia without improvement, was diagnosed with a right upper lobe (RUL) carcinoid tumor. The patient was proposed for uniportal thoracoscopic surgery. The patient was placed in a lateral decubitus position and a single 3 cm incision was performed at the anterior level of 4 th intercostal space. A right upper lobectomy with a tracheo-bronchial sleeve resection using the uniportal technique was successfully performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home on the 7 th postoperative day. The bronchoscopic control showed excellent caliber of the anastomosis with no complications. The uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach is an excellent option for endobronchial tumor management in pediatric patients, offering a quick recovery and low morbidity. The performance of a thoracoscopic sleeve anastomosis in young patients is crucial and should only be performed by very experienced thoracoscopic surgeons.

  4. Our experience with single lung ventilation in thoracoscopic paediatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bataineh, Z A; Zoeller, C; Dingemann, C; Osthaus, A; Suempelmann, R; Ure, B

    2012-02-01

    Data on the feasibility and effects of single lung ventilation (SLV) in children are scarce. We conducted a retrospective study on the feasibility of SLV during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in children and adolescents undergoing major thoracic procedures. A retrospective chart review of all records from patients who underwent VATS at our institution from 2000 to 2010 was done. Patients receiving SLV were analysed in detail. Endpoints of the analysis were conversion to open thoracotomy (frequency and reasons), postoperative duration of ventilation, and pulmonary complications such as radiologically confirmed atelectasis and pneumonia. 74 out of 305 patients (24%, 43 boys, 31 girls) with a mean age of 9.4 years (56 days-18 years) and mean weight of 34 kg (4.5-76 kg) had SLV. Lung resection was done in 43 (58%), pleural surgery in 17 (23%), a combination of both in 7 (9%), and mediastinal procedures in 7 (9%). 11 patients (15%) required conversion of VATS to open surgery, mostly because of problems with exposure of the operative field (73%). 32 patients (43%) were extubated immediately after the operation, whereas 8 (11%) required ventilation for more than 24 h. The mean intensive care unit stay was 1.6 days. 18 patients (24%) developed radiologically confirmed atelectasis, and 1 patient (1%) required bronchoscopic clearance. Pneumonia occurred in 1 case (1%) and was successfully treated with antibiotics. SLV is feasible in children and adolescents undergoing VATS for a broad spectrum of procedures. However, despite SLV, the conversion rate in our series was 15%. The main reason for conversion was problems with exposure of the operative field. The complication rate for SLV was low. Atelectasis developed in every fourth patient but usually resolved spontaneously, and intervention to achieve ventilation was rarely indicated. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  5. Bulectomia bilateral por cirurgia torácica vídeo-assistida uniportal combinada com acesso contralateral ao mediastino anterior Bilateral bullectomy through uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery combined with contralateral access to the anterior mediastinum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan Song

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A cirurgia torácica vídeo-assistida (CTVA tem sido uma intervenção de escolha para o tratamento de pneumotórax espontâneo (PS com bolha pulmonar. Nosso objetivo foi apresentar uma abordagem de CTVA uniportal unilateral para bulectomia bilateral e avaliar sua eficácia terapêutica. MÉTODOS: Entre maio de 2011 e janeiro de 2012, cinco pacientes foram submetidos a bulectomia bilateral por essa abordagem. Todos apresentavam PS bilateral. A TCAR pré-operatória mostrou que todos os pacientes tinham bolhas bilaterais no pulmão apical. As indicações cirúrgicas, os procedimentos de operação e os desfechos foram revisados. RESULTADOS: Todos os pacientes foram submetidos com sucesso a essa abordagem para bulectomia bilateral, sem complicações intraoperatórias. A mediana de tempo para a retirada do dreno torácico foi de 4,2 dias, e a mediana do tempo de hospitalização no pós-operatório foi de 5,2 dias. A mediana de seguimento pós-operatório foi de 11,2 meses. Um paciente teve recidiva de PE do lado esquerdo três semanas após a cirurgia e foi submetido a abrasão pleural. CONCLUSÕES: A bulectomia bilateral utilizando CTVA uniportal combinada com acesso contralateral ao mediastino anterior é tecnicamente confiável e promove desfechos favoráveis para pacientes com PS que desenvolvem bolhas bilaterais no pulmão apical. Entretanto, para a realização desse procedimento cirúrgico, são necessários cirurgiões com experiência em CTVA, instrumentos toracoscópicos longos, entre outras exigências.OBJECTIVE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS has been a surgical intervention of choice for the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax (SP with lung bulla. Our objective was to introduce a uniportal VATS approach for simultaneous bilateral bullectomy and to evaluate its therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: Between May of 2011 and January of 2012, five patients underwent bilateral bullectomy conducted using this approach. All

  6. Intraoperative costs of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy can be dramatically reduced without compromising outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Michael T; Backhus, Leah M; Berry, Mark F; Vail, Daniel G; Ayers, Kelsey C; Benson, Jalen A; Bhandari, Prasha; Teymourtash, Mehran; Shrager, Joseph B

    2018-03-01

    To determine whether surgeon selection of instrumentation and other supplies during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (VATSL) can safely reduce intraoperative costs. In this retrospective, cost-focused review of all video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery anatomic lung resections performed by 2 surgeons at a single institution between 2010 and 2014, we compared VATSL hospital costs and perioperative outcomes between the surgeons, as well as costs of VATSL compared with thoracotomy lobectomy (THORL). A total of 100 VATSLs were performed by surgeon A, and 70 were performed by surgeon B. The preoperative risk factors did not differ significantly between the 2 groups of surgeries. Mean VATSL total hospital costs per case were 24% percent greater for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P = .0026). Intraoperative supply costs accounted for most of this cost difference and were 85% greater for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P costs, accounting for 55% of the difference in intraoperative supply costs between the surgeons. Operative time was 25% longer for surgeon A compared with surgeon B (P accounted for only 11% of the difference in total cost. Surgeon A's overall VATSL costs per case were similar to those of THORLs (n = 100) performed over the same time period, whereas surgeon B's VATSL costs per case were 24% less than those of THORLs. On adjusted analysis, there was no difference in VATSL perioperative outcomes between the 2 surgeons. The costs of VATSL differ substantially among surgeons and are heavily influenced by the use of disposable equipment/devices. Surgeons can substantially reduce the costs of VATSL to far lower than those of THORL without compromising surgical outcomes through prudent use of costly instruments and technologies. Copyright © 2017 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  7. [Current status of thoracoscopic surgery for thoracic and lumbar spine. Part 1: general aspects and treatment of fractures].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beisse, Rudolf; Verdú-López, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    Thoracoscopic surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) of the thoracic and lumbar spine has greatly evolved since it appeared less than 20 years ago. Nowadays, it is indicated in a large number of processes and injuries. The aim of this article, in its 2 parts, is to review the current status of VATS in treatment of the thoracic and lumbar spine in its entire spectrum. After reviewing the current literature, we develop each of the large groups of indications where VATS is used, one by one. This first part contains a description of general thoracoscopic surgical technique including the necessary prerequisites, transdiaphragmatic approach, techniques and instrumentation used in spine reconstruction, as well as a review of treatment and specific techniques in the management of spinal fractures. Thoracoscopic surgery is in many cases an alternative to conventional open surgery. The transdiaphragmatic approach has made endoscopic treatment of many thoracolumbar junction processes possible, thus widening the spectrum of therapeutic indications. These include the treatment of fractures and deformities, as well as the reconstruction of injured spinal segments and decompression of the spinal canal in any etiological processes if the lesion placement is favourable to antero-lateral approach. Good clinical results of thoracoscopic surgery are supported by the growing experience reflected in a large number of articles. The degree of complications in thoracoscopic surgery is comparable to open surgery, with benefits in morbidity of the approach and subsequent patient recovery. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  8. Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection: novel approaches in different genders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Kai; Bian, Wen; Xie, Hongya; Ma, Haitao; Ni, Bin

    2016-08-01

    To discuss the feasibility, safety and superiority of novel approaches in single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection in different genders. The clinical data of patients who underwent thoracoscopic pulmonary wedge resection were analysed. A total of 197 consecutive male patients from January 2012 to December 2014, and 72 female patients from June 2013 to December 2014 were included retrospectively. Of the males, 65 received a transareolar single-port procedure (TASP Group) and 132 received a standard two-port procedure (Standard Group A). Among the females, 18 were treated with a subxiphoid single-port procedure (SXSP Group), and 54 were treated with the standard procedure (Standard Group B). The general clinical materials and surgical outcomes were evaluated. All patients underwent total thoracoscopic wedge resection successfully, and no severe complications were observed. In men, there were no significant differences in operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage amount, chest drainage duration, postoperative hospital stay or pain score on the first postoperative day (P = 0.827; 0.423; 0.174; 0.440; 0.115; 0.159, respectively). The pain scores of the TASP Group on the day before and after removal of the chest tube were lower (P = 0.006; 0.023, respectively) than those of Standard Group A, and the incision-associated paraesthesia in the third and sixth month after operation was reduced (P = 0.041; 0.026, respectively). The incision satisfaction degree was significantly improved in the TASP Group (P = 0.001). In women, there were no significant differences in blood loss, drainage amount, chest drainage duration or postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.680; 0.757; 0.651; 0.608, respectively). The operation time of the SXSP Group was longer (P = 0.000), and the pain scores on the first postoperative day and the days before and after removal were all significantly lower (P = 0.000; 0.000; 0.000, respectively) than those of the Standard Group B

  9. Video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the left lateral decubitus position in an esophageal cancer patient with pectus excavatum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Shinsuke; Nagai, Erina; Hazama, Hiroyuki; Taki, Yusuke; Takahashi, Michiro; Kyoden, Yusuke; Watanabe, Masaya; Ohata, Ko; Kanemoto, Hideyuki; Oba, Noriyuki; Takagi, Masakazu

    2015-08-01

    During thoracic cavity operations, it is difficult to obtain sufficient working space and good operative field visibility in patients with pectus excavatum because the space between the vertebral bodies and sternum is very narrow. Here, we report the successful treatment of esophageal cancer in a patient with pectus excavatum. A 77-year-old man with esophageal cancer was referred to our hospital for further treatment. He was diagnosed with multiple early esophageal squamous cell carcinomas. The patient had pectus excavatum, but because it was asymptomatic, a video-assisted thoracoscopic radical esophagectomy in the left lateral decubitus position without pectus excavatum repair was selected. Despite the patient's unusual anatomy, video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the left decubitus position allowed for good operative field visibility, as the videoscope was inserted from the side of the diaphragm. This operative procedure is useful in patients with esophageal cancer who also have pectus excavatum. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second report of video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy in an esophageal cancer patient with pectus excavatum. © 2015 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  10. Staged bronchial closure in uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomical resection for lung cancer with calcified lymph nodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Yuan; Lin, Tzu-Hung; Chang, Chao-Chun; Huang, Wei-Li; Yen, Yi-Ting

    2017-01-01

    Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) makes a breakthrough in these years. Even we have gained more experience and surgical skills of uniportal VATS, some elements, such as calcified perivascular lymph nodes, make the surgery challenging. In this series, we used staged bronchial closure (cut the bronchus first and then close it with stapler after dividing the pulmonary artery with calcified lymph node) as an approach for dealing with this challenging issue. Though the rate of intraoperative vessel injury is relatively high, we obtained ideal surgical outcome by using this technique in different lobes and segment of the lung. PMID:29302425

  11. Postoperative pain and quality of life after lobectomy via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or anterolateral thoracotomy for early stage lung cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Morten; Jørgensen, Ole Dan; Kronborg, Christian

    2016-01-01

    reduces postoperative morbidity, but there is little high-quality evidence to show its superiority over open surgery. We aimed to investigate postoperative pain and quality of life in a randomised trial of patients with early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer undergoing VATS versus open surgery. METHODS...... (1:1) to lobectomy via four-port VATS or anterolateral thoracotomy. After surgery, we applied identical surgical dressings to ensure masking of patients and staff. Postoperative pain was measured with a numeric rating scale (NRS) six times per day during hospital stay and once at 2, 4, 8, 12, 26...... was significantly better after VATS (p=0·014). By contrast, for the whole study period, quality of life according to QLQ-C30 was not significantly different between groups (p=0·13). Postoperative surgical complications (grade 3-4 adverse events) were similar between the two groups, consisting of prolonged air...

  12. Initial experience of robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in China

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    Huang, Jia; Luo, Qingquan; Tan, Qiang; Lin, Hao; Qian, Liqiang; Lin, Xu

    2014-01-01

    Background The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS). Methods From May 2009 to May 2013, 48 patients with intrathoracic lesions underwent RATS with the da Vinci® Surgical System was reported (11 lobectomies, 37 mediastinal tumour resections). Results RATS was successfully and safely completed in all 48 patients. Conversion of the operation to open surgery was not needed in any patient. The average operation time was 85.9 min, average blood loss 33 ml, and average hospital stay 3.9 days. No patient required blood transfusion. The only recognized adverse event was the development of a bronchopleural fistula in one patient. Conclusions RATS appears feasible and safe in thoracic surgery. More investigation will be needed in order to determine its possible long-term benefits and cost effectiveness. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24782317

  13. Expectativas y satisfacción en el tratamiento del neumotórax espontáneo primario recurrente tratado por toracotomía o cirugía torácica video-asistida Expectations and patient satisfaction related to the use of thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for treating recurrence of spontaneous primary pneumothorax

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    Jorge Ramón Lucena Olavarrieta

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar los resultados de la toracotomía con la video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS, cirugía torácica video-asistida en el tratamiento de las recurrencias del neumotórax espontáneo primario. MÉTODOS: Se revisaron los expedientes clínicos de los pacientes con neumotórax primario recurrente dividiéndose en dos grupos: pacientes sometidos a toracotomía (n = 53, grupo toracotomía y pacientes sometidos a VATS (n = 47, grupo VATS. RESULTADOS: La morbilidad fue mayor en el grupo A. Sin mortalidad en ninguno de los dos grupos. La duración de la hospitalización fue similar. Los pacientes del grupo toracotomía necesitaron más dosis de narcóticos durante períodos más largos de tiempo que los del grupo VATS (p OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS in the treatment of recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. METHODS: Medical records of patients presenting recurrence of primary spontaneous pneumothorax were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: those who underwent conservative thoracotomy (n = 53, thoracotomy group; and those who underwent VATS (n = 47, VATS group. RESULTS: Although there were no deaths in either group and the length of hospital stays was similar between the two, there was greater morbidity in the thoracotomy group. Patients in the thoracotomy group required more pain medication for longer periods than did those in the VATS group (p < 0.05. In the thoracotomy group, the rate of recurrence was 3%. Pain was classified as insignificant at one month after the operation by 68% of patients in the VATS group and by only 21% of those in the thoracotomy group (p < 0.05. At three years after the surgical procedure, 97% of the VATS group patients considered themselves completely recovered from the operation, compared with only 79% in the thoracotomy group (p < 0.05. Chronic or intermittent pain, requiring the use of analgesics

  14. Single-incision video-assisted thoracoscopic evaluation and emergent surgery for severe lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesma, Julio; Alvarez, Melodie; Lirio, Francisco; Galvez, Carlos; Galiana, Maria; Baschwitz, Benno; Fornes, Francisca; Bolufer, Sergio

    2017-08-01

    Thoracic trauma is a challenging situation with potential severe chest wall and intrathoracic organ injuries. We present a case of emergent surgery in a 23-year-old man with hemorrhagic shock due to massive lung and chest wall injury after thoracic trauma in a water slide. We performed a SI-VATS approach in order to define intrathoracic and chest wall injuries, and once checked the extension of the chest wall injury, we added a middle size thoracotomy just over the affected area in order to stabilize rib fractures with Judet plates, that had caused massive laceration in left lower lobe (LLL) and injured the pericardium causing myocardical tear. After checking bronchial and vascular viability of LLL we suggested a lung parenchyma preserving technique with PTFE protected pulmonary primary suture in order to avoid a lobectomy. Chest tubes were removed on 3(rd) postoperative day and patient was discharged on 14(th) postoperative day. He has already recovered his normal activity 6 months after surgery.

  15. [Current status of thoracoscopic surgery for thoracic and lumbar spine. Part 2: treatment of the thoracic disc hernia, spinal deformities, spinal tumors, infections and miscellaneous].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdú-López, Francisco; Beisse, Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    Thoracoscopic surgery or video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) of the thoracic and lumbar spine has evolved greatly since it appeared less than 20 years ago. It is currently used in a large number of processes and injuries. The aim of this article, in its two parts, is to review the current status of VATS of the thoracic and lumbar spine in its entire spectrum. After reviewing the current literature, we developed each of the large groups of indications where VATS takes place, one by one. This second part reviews and discusses the management, treatment and specific thoracoscopic technique in thoracic disc herniation, spinal deformities, tumour pathology, infections of the spine and other possible indications for VATS. Thoracoscopic surgery is in many cases an alternative to conventional open surgery. The transdiaphragmatic approach has made endoscopic treatment of many thoracolumbar junction processes possible, thus widening the spectrum of therapeutic indications. These include the treatment of spinal deformities, spinal tumours, infections and other pathological processes, as well as the reconstruction of injured spinal segments and decompression of the spinal canal if lesion placement is favourable to antero-lateral approach. Good clinical results of thoracoscopic surgery are supported by growing experience reflected in a large number of articles. The degree of complications in thoracoscopic surgery is comparable to open surgery, with benefits in regard to morbidity of the approach and subsequent patient recovery. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  16. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer is associated with a lower 30-day morbidity compared with lobectomy by thoracotomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Lykke Østergaard; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2016-01-01

    . Consequently, our aim was to compare the 30-day morbidity and mortality for lung cancer patients operated by VATS lobectomy or lobectomy by OT. METHOD: Data were obtained from prospective national and regional databases, including patients who underwent lobectomy for lung cancer in the eastern part of Denmark...... from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2011. All patients operated before 2009 were re-staged according to the latest International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer lung cancer classification. Patient characteristics, comorbidities, pathology and operative data were assessed using an independent...... samples t-test, Pearson's χ(2), Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney test. Morbidity was assessed using multinomial logistic regression adjusted for gender, age, cancer stage, forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), year of surgery and Charlson comorbidity score. RESULTS: In total, 1379 patients underwent...

  17. [Video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma and gastro-esophageal anastomosis in thoracic cavity: analysis of 60 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiang-xiang; Xu, Mei-qing; Guo, Ming-fa; Liu, Chang-qing; Xu, Shi-bin; Mei, Xin-yu; Tian, Jie-yong; Zhang, Zheng-hua; Wei, Da-zhong

    2013-04-01

    To investigate the feasibility and safety of video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma and gastro-esophageal anastomosis in right thoracic cavity. The clinical data of 120 patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma and gastro-esophageal anastomosis in right thoracic cavity from March to December 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. In the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery group, there were 60 patients [41 male and 19 female patients with aver age of (62 ± 7) years old] who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma and gastro-esophageal anastomosis in right thoracic cavity. In the routine thoracotomy group, there were 60 patients [39 male and 21 female patients with aver age of (62 ± 9) years old] who underwent routine thoracotomy esophagectomy for esophageal carcinoma and gastro-esophageal anastomosis in right thoracic cavity. Operation time, intra-operative blood loss, postoperative total thoracic drainage in 3 days, total number of harvested lymph nodes, hospitalization, cost of hospitalization and complications were compared between the two groups. The operations were carried out successfully in two groups. There was no perioperative death in all patients. There was no statistical difference in intra-operative blood loss, postoperative total thoracic drainage and cost of hospitalization between the two groups. Operation time of rideo-assisted thoracoscopic surgery group was significantly longer than that of thoracotomy group ((188 ± 38) minutes vs. (138 ± 50) minutes, t = 6.171, P = 0.000), but postoperative hospitalization was significantly lower ((14 ± 3) d vs. (18 ± 6) d, t = -4.093, P = 0.000) and total number of harvested lymph nodes was lower (17 ± 9 vs. 21 ± 11, t = -2.058, P = 0.042). There was significantly statistical difference in total postoperative main complication (25.0% vs. 48.3%, χ(2) = 7.033, P = 0.008). And postoperative incisional infection of VATE

  18. Video-assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy in myasthenic children

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    Rita Sonzogni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Myasthenia gravis (MG is an autoimmune disease marked by weakness of voluntary musculature. Medical and surgical therapy of adult myasthenia is well documented. There is little pediatric surgical evidence, only a few case reports being available. The aim of this paper is to verify whether the surgical and anesthesiological techniques can warrant an early and safe discharge from the operating room. The secondary aim is to assess the presence of perioperative indicators that can eventually be used as predictors of postoperative care. During the years 2006-2009, 10 pediatric patients were treated according to a surgical approach based on video assisted thoracoscopic extended thymectomy (VATET. Standard preoperative evaluation is integrated with functional respiratory tests. Anesthetic induction was made with propofol and fentanyl/remifentanyl and maintenance was obtained with sevoflurane/desflurane/propofol ± remifentanyl. A muscle relaxant was used in only one patient. Right or left double-lumen bronchial tube (Ruesch Bronchopart® Carlens placement was performed. Six patients were transferred directly to the surgical ward while 4 were discharged to the intensive care unit (ICU; ICU stay was no longer than 24 h. Length of hospital stay was 4.4±0.51 days. No patient was readmitted to the hospital and no surgical complications were reported. Volatile and intravenous anesthetics do not affect ventilator weaning, extubation or the postoperative course. Paralyzing agents are not totally contraindicated, especially if short-lasting agents are used with neuromuscular monitoring devices and new reversal drugs. Perioperative evaluation of the myasthenic patient is mandatory to assess the need for postoperative respiratory support and also predict timely extubation with early transfer to the surgical department. Availability of new drugs and of reversal drugs, the current practice of mini-invasive surgical techniques, and the availability of post

  19. Peri-operative management of patients for video assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy in myasthenia gravis.

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    Tripathi M

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Three patients of myasthenia gravis, who under went video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS were given general anaesthesia by propofol infusion and muscle relaxation by atracurium infusion. Isoflurane was added to control depth of anaesthesia on the basis of haemodynamic changes during surgery. One lung ventilation (OLV was achieved by placement of Carlens left sided double lumen bronchocatheter. Right-sided surgical approach was used to perform thymectomy. Contrary to claimed short duration of surgery, in first patient, OLV lasted for 10 hours 30 minutes and patient developed re-expansion pulmonary oedema. OLV in second and third patient was for six hours thirty minutes and three hours 45 minutes respectively. Morning dose of pyridostigmine was omitted and atracurium (0.1 mg/kg was found to be satisfactory for intubation and relaxation was maintained with atracurium infusion to get desired monitored effect. We could not extubate our patients due to longer duration of surgery and the sequelae there off. Post-operative elective ventilation and spontaneous weaning off the atracurium effect was thus preferred.

  20. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Resection of a Noninvasive Thymoma in a Cat with Myasthenia Gravis Using Low-Pressure Carbon Dioxide Insufflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Maureen A; Sutton, Jessie S; Hunt, Geraldine B; Pypendop, Bruno H; Mayhew, Philipp D

    2016-11-01

    To report the use of low-pressure carbon dioxide insufflation during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for resection of a noninvasive thymoma in a cat with secondary myasthenia gravis. Clinical case report. Client-owned cat. An 11-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was examined for generalized weakness, voice change, hypersalivation, hyporexia, vomiting, coughing, and gagging. Thoracic ultrasound revealed a cranial mediastinal mass for which cytology was consistent with a thymoma (or lymphoid tissue). Acetylcholine receptor antibody concentration was elevated at 3.16 mmol/L (reference interval cat recovered from surgery without serious complications. Nineteen months after surgery, the cat developed hind limb stiffness. Thoracic radiographs ruled out a cranial mediastinal mass or megaesophagus. Acetylcholine receptor antibody concentration remained elevated at 2.72 mmol/L. Low-pressure thoracic insufflation facilitated video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of cranial mediastinal masses in this cat. © Copyright 2016 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  1. Coagulation profile in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: A randomized, controlled trial.

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    Thomas Decker Christensen

    Full Text Available Knowledge about the impact of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin (LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing minimal invasive lung cancer surgery is sparse. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of LMWH on the coagulation system in patients undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS lobectomy for primary lung cancer.Sixty-three patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer undergoing VATS lobectomy were randomized to either subcutaneous injection with dalteparin (Fragmin® 5000 IE once daily or no intervention. Coagulation was assessed pre-, peri-, and the first two days postoperatively by standard coagulation blood test, thromboelastometry (ROTEM® and thrombin generation.Patients undergoing potential curative surgery for lung cancer were not hypercoagulable preoperatively. There was no statistically significant difference in the majority of the assessed coagulation parameters after LMWH, except that the no intervention group had a higher peak thrombin and a shorter INTEM clotting time on the first postoperative day and a lower fibrinogen level on the second postoperative day. A lower level of fibrin d-dimer in the LMWH group was found on the 1. and 2.postoperative day, although not statistical significant. No differences were found between the two groups in the amount of bleeding or number of thromboembolic events.Use of LMWH administered once daily as thromboprophylaxis did not alter the coagulation profile per se. As the present study primarily evaluated biochemical endpoints, further studies using clinical endpoints are needed in regards of an optimized thromboprophylaxis approach.

  2. The experience of using thoracoscopic surgery for treatment of patients with acute nonspecific parapneumonic pleural empyema

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    V. I. Pertsov

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the effectiveness of thoracoscopic operations and to study the clinical and epidemiological characteristic of patients with pleural empyema (PE. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis of 51 patients with PE treatment results has been done. All participants were examined by standard clinical and laboratory tests, X-rays and CT scans of the chest, ultrasound of pleural cavities. All patients (n = 51, 100% were subject to thoracoscopic interventions. Results. The average age of patients was 44.4 ± 14.7 years. Men prevailed among them - 36 (71%. The first stage of PE was diagnosed in 18 (35% patients, and the second - in 33 (65%. Almost all patients (50 patients – 98% had been treated in other hospitals before hospitalization to a specialized department. Diagnostics of PE and patients admission to the thoracic surgery department took place on the 2 - 3 week of disease in 70% of cases. The main types of surgery on the first stage of PE were: 1 thoracoscopy with targeted drainage of pleural cavity and pleural biopsy (n = 4, 22%, 2 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS with destruction of fibrinous adhesions (n = 14; 78%. It has been done at the second stage of PE: 1 VATS pneumolysis (n = 22; 67% and 2 VATS decortication of lung (n = 11; 33%. The positive results of pleural exudates bacteriological analysis have been obtained from 9 patients (18%. The median of pleural exudation duration at the first stage of PE was 5 days (4, 6, at the second stage - 6 (5, 9 days (p = 0.058. Good results were obtained in 33 patients (65%, satisfactory - in 15 (29%, unsatisfactory - in 3 (6%. The median of hospital stay duration was 18 (16; 21. There have not been lethal outcomes. Conclusions. Diagnosis of pleural empyema is a complex task and requires a broad introduction of modern techniques (CT and ultrasound. Standard microbiological testing is not effective in the diagnosis of PE pathogens, due to imperfection of anaerobic

  3. Hand-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for bilateral lung metastasectomy through sternocostal triangle access.

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    Long, Hao; Zheng, Yan; Situ, Dongrong; Ma, Guowei; Lin, Zhichao; Wang, Jinfeng

    2011-03-01

    Complete resection of pulmonary metastases remains the standard of care for selected patients. An open approach causes criticism because of aggressiveness. Without manual palpation the video-assisted thoracic surgery procedure has the high probability of missing occult metastases. Transxiphoid bilateral lung metastasectomy surgery has not been widely adopted. We developed a hand-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for bilateral lung metastasectomy through natural sternocostal triangle access in 2001 to solve the problems mentioned previously. We retrospectively evaluated 55 consecutive patients between 2001 and 2009 who underwent hand-assisted thoracoscopic surgery through sternocostal triangle access for pulmonary metastasis. Complications after operation, operative time, operative bleeding, air leak days, length of stay, preoperation imaging examination, and survival rate were evaluated. Fifty-five patients had lung metastases. Bilateral explorations were performed in a total of 51 patients, with a total of 201 minimal resections and one lobectomy. Nearly half of the patients with bilateral metastases were misdiagnosed as unilateral metastases by imaging examination. Intraoperative cardiac arrhythmia was experienced in 5.2% of the right and 10.5% of the left approaches. Postoperative complication rate was 3.6%. Three-year and five-year overall survival rates for metastatic disease were 59.8% and 47.2%, respectively. This new surgical procedure, with an assisted hand, could complete bilateral pleural exploration in a single operation through the natural sternocostal triangle. It is easy to perform and may help the patients gain a faster rehabilitation. Furthermore, it may lead to a better survival. Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Reduced Port Thoracoscopic Surgery for Mediastinal and Pleural Disease: Experiences in a Single Institution.

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    Tamura, Masaya; Shimizu, Yosuke; Hashizume, Yasuo

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to present our current experience with reduced port thoracoscopic surgery (RPTS) for the treatment of mediastinal and pleural disease and thereafter discuss its indications and technical challenges. A total of 11 patients underwent surgery by the RPTS approach for the following conditions: thymoma (n = 2), bronchogenic cyst (n = 2), metastatic pleural tumor, thymic cyst, solitary fibrous tumor, pulmonary sequestration, pericardial cyst, neurinoma, and malignant lymphoma (n = 1). An Endo Relief forceps (Hope Denshi Co, Ltd, Chiba, Japan) was used for three of the surgical procedures. The elements of the data set consisted of gender, age, duration of operation, drain placement, hospital stay, mass location, and mass size. The median surgical time was 45 min (range, 40-78 min). There were no intraoperative complications and no need for a second surgery to open additional ports. The duration until chest tube removal was 1 day for all the cases. The median hospital stay was 4 days (range, 3-6 days). The median mass size was 2.2 cm (range, 1.2-4.2 cm). The median length of skin incision was 2.0 cm (range, 2.0-3.5 cm). In conclusion, RPTS for mediastinal and pleural disease may be a possible alternative approach to conventional multiportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Although it is technically plausible and feasible for selected cases, the issues of patient acceptability and cosmetic and oncological results remain to be determined in the future with randomized-controlled trials and long-term follow-up.

  5. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical decortication in the elderly with thoracic empyema: Five years' experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Chien-Ho; Lai, Yi-Chun; Chang, Shih-Chieh; Chang, Cheng-Yu; Wang, Wei-Shu; Yuan, Mei-Kang

    2016-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) with decortication is a major treatment for thoracic empyema in the fibropurulent stage. Compared to open thoracotomy, VATS decortication has similar efficacy but fewer postoperative complications in the treatment of thoracic empyema. The role of VATS decortication in the elderly had rarely been investigated. From January 2006 to August 2011, we retrospectively enrolled 33 patients older than 65 years diagnosed as thoracic empyema and treated with VATS decortication. We analyzed the outcomes of this geriatric population, including surgical effectiveness, postoperative morbidity, and mortality. A total of 33 patients with mean age of 73.6 ± 7.1 years received VATS decortication for their empyema. Twenty-one (63.6%) patients were male. Only one patient died of progressive sepsis, due to pulmonary infection 9 days after VATS decortication. The 30-day mortality was 3% after the surgery. The major etiology (87.9%) of thoracic empyema was pneumonia. The main causes of postoperation morbidity included respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation for >7 days (15.2%) and septic shock (15.2%), followed by persistent air leakage for >7 days (9.1%). Twenty-four (75%) of 32 patients had good re-expansion of the affected lung 3 months after VATS decortication. We concluded that VATS decortication in the treatment of thoracic empyema is effective in elderly patients. The major concerns of postoperative complications are respiratory failure and sepsis. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC.

  6. Initial results of robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in Japan.

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    Nakamura, Hiroshige; Suda, Takashi; Ikeda, Norihiko; Okada, Morihito; Date, Hiroshi; Oda, Makoto; Iwasaki, Akinori

    2014-12-01

    As surgical robots have become increasingly used, verification of their usefulness in the general thoracic surgery field is required. Initial results of robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in Japan were investigated. A questionnaire survey was performed to retrospectively examine the current status of robotic surgery for general thoracic disease in Japan. The subjects were 112 cases performed by the end of September 2012 at 9 institutions. There were 60 cases of primary lung cancer, 38 cases of anterior-middle mediastinal disease, and 14 cases of posterior mediastinal disease. In lung cancer cases, the operative time was 284.7 min, the blood loss was 129 mL, the drainage period was 3.3 days, and the conversion rate was 3.3 %. The incidence of postoperative complications was 6.7 %. The postoperative hospital stay was 8.2 days. In cases of anterior-middle mediastinal disease, the operative time was 184.3 min, the blood loss was 43.8 mL, the drainage period was 2.3 days, and there was no conversion. The incidence of postoperative complications was 7.9 %. The postoperative hospital stay was 7.1 days. In cases of posterior mediastinal disease, the operative time was 142.6 min, the blood loss was 61.4 mL, the drainage period was 1.6 days, and there was no conversion. No postoperative complication developed in any case. The postoperative hospital stay was 5 days. In all cases underwent robotic surgery, there was no operation related mortality. Robotic surgery was safely introduced, and the incidence of postoperative complications tended to be low, although the operative time was long. Preparations for its employment in advanced medical care and coverage by national health insurance are urgent issue.

  7. Surgeons’ Volume-Outcome Relationship for Lobectomies and Wedge Resections for Cancer Using Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Techniques

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    Guy David

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of surgeons’ volume on outcomes in lung surgery: lobectomies and wedge resections. Additionally, the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS on cost, utilization, and adverse events was analyzed. The Premier Hospital Database was the data source for this analysis. Eligible patients were those of any age undergoing lobectomy or wedge resection using VATS for cancer treatment. Volume was represented by the aggregate experience level of the surgeon in a six-month window before each surgery. A positive volume-outcome relationship was found with some notable features. The relationship is stronger for cost and utilization outcomes than for adverse events; for thoracic surgeons as opposed to other surgeons; for VATS lobectomies rather than VATS wedge resections. While there was a reduction in cost and resource utilization with greater experience in VATS, these outcomes were not associated with greater experience in open procedures.

  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic left lower lobectomy in a patient with lung cancer and a right aortic arch

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    Wada Hideyuki

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A right aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly, with a reported incidence of around 0.1%. A patient with a right aortic arch underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery left lower lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma. There was no aortic arch or descending aorta in the left thoracic cavity, but the esophagus. There was no anomaly in the location or branching of the pulmonary vessels, the bronchi, and the lobulation of the lungs. The vagus nerve was found at the level of the left pulmonary artery. The arterial ligament was found between the left subclavian artery and the left pulmonary artery. The recurrent laryngeal nerve was recurrent around the left subclavian artery. A Kommerell diverticulum was found at the origin of the left subclavian artery. The patient experienced no complications. We conclude that video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy with mediastinal dissection is feasible for treating lung cancer with a right aortic arch.

  9. Flexible Thoracoscopy may Facilitate Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, Peter B; Ladegaard, Lars

    2010-01-01

    report long-lasting chest wall pain following VATS procedures, and, in theory, such pain may be related to intercostal nerve injury. The present study presents our experience with a commercially available flexible thoracoscope. METHODS: The study was designed as a case-control series of prospectively...... thoracoscopy is feasible and in our opinion easier and safer compared with rigid thoracoscopy. In our experience all parts of the operation are better visualized and many surgical pitfalls may be avoided. Even during early phases of setting up the VATS lobectomy program, the duration of the operation...

  10. Video-assisted Thoracoscope versus Video-assisted Mini-thoracotomy for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis

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    Bing WANG

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective The aim of this study is to assess the effect of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy (VAMT in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC. Methods We searched PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP and ISI Web of Science to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs of VATS versus VAMT for NSCLC. Each database was searched from May 2006 to May 2016. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the included studies and extracted relevant data, using RevMan 5.3 meta-analysis software. Results We finally identified 13 RCTs involving 1,605 patients. There were 815 patients in the VATS group and 790 patients in the VAMT group. The results of meta-analysis were as follows: statistically significant difference was found in the harvested lymph nodes (SMD=-0.48, 95%CI: -0.80--0.17, operating time (SMD=13.56, 95%CI: 4.96-22.16, operation bleeding volume (SMD=-33.68, 95%CI: -45.70--21.66, chest tube placement time (SMD=-1.05, 95%CI: -1.48--0.62, chest tube drainage flow (SMD=-83.69, 95%CI: -143.33--24.05, postoperative pain scores (SMD=-1.68, 95%CI: -1.98--1.38 and postoperative hospital stay (SMD=-2.27, 95%CI: -3.23--1.31. No statistically significant difference was found in postoperative complications (SMD=0.83, 95%CI: 0.54-1.29 and postoperative mortality (SMD=0.95, 95%CI: 0.55-1.63 between videoassisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy and video-assisted mini-thoracotomy lobectomy in the treatment of NSCLC. Conclusion Compared with video-assisted mini-thoracotomy lobectomy in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, the amount of postoperative complications and postoperative mortality were almost the same in video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy, but the amount of harvested lymph nodes, operating time, blood loss, chest tube drainage flow, and postoperative hospital stay were different. VATS is safe and effective in the treatment of NSCLC.

  11. Active self-calibration of thoracoscopic images for assisted minimally invasive spinal surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girard, Fantin; Benboujja, Fouzi; Parent, Stefan; Cheriet, Farida

    2010-02-01

    Registration of thoracoscopic images to a preoperative 3D model of the spine is a prerequisite for minimally invasive surgical guidance. We propose an active self-calibration method of thoracoscopic image sequences acquired by an angled monocular endoscope with varying focal length during minimally invasive surgery of the spine. The extrinsic parameters are updated in real time by a motion tracking system while the intrinsic parameters are determined from a set of geometrical primitives extracted from the image of the surgical instrument tracked throughout the thoracoscopic sequence. A particle filter was used for the tracking of the instrument on the image sequence that was preprocessed to detect and correct reflexions due to the light source. The proposed method requires undertaking a pure rotation of the endoscope to update the focal length and exploits the inherent temporal rigid motion of the instrument through consecutive frames. A pure rotation is achievable by undertaking a rotation of the scope cylinder with respect to the head of the camera. Therefore, the surgeon may take full advantage of an angled endoscope by adjusting focus and zoom during surgery. Simulation experiments have assessed the accuracy of the obtained parameters and the optimal number of geometrical primitives required for an active self-calibration of the angled monocular endoscope. Finally, an in vitro experiment demonstrated that 3D reconstruction of rigid structures tracked throughout a monocular thoracoscopic image sequence is feasible and its accuracy is adequate for the registration of thoracoscopic images to a preoperative MRI 3D model of the spine.

  12. Video assisted thoracic surgery in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah Rasik

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracoscopic surgery, i.e., video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS has been in use in children for last 98 years. Its use initially was restricted to the diagnostic purposes. However, with the improvement in the optics, better understanding of the physiology with CO2 insufflation, better capabilities in achieving the single lung ventilation and newer vessel sealing devices have rapidly expanded the spectrum of the indication of VATS. At present many complex lung resections, excision of mediastinal tumors are performed by VATS in the experienced centre. The VATS has become the standard of care in empyema, lung biopsy, Mediastinal Lymphnode biopsy, repair of diaphragmatic hernia, etc. The article discusses the indications of VATS, techniques to achieve the selective ventilation and surgical steps in the different surgical conditions in children.

  13. Is minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery the new benchmark for treating mitral valve disease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstone, Andrew B; Woo, Y Joseph

    2016-11-01

    The treatment of mitral valve disease remains dynamic; surgeons and patients must now choose between many different surgical options when addressing mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis. Notably, advances in imaging and surgical instrumentation allow surgeons to perform less invasive mitral valve surgery that spares the sternum. With favorable long-term data now emerging, we compare the benefits and risks of thoracoscopic mitral valve surgery with that through conventional sternotomy or surgery that is robot-assisted.

  14. NHI program for introducing thoracoscopic minimally invasive mitral and tricuspid valve surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer El Banna

    2014-03-01

    Conclusions: Thoracoscopic minimally invasive mitral valve surgery can be performed safely but definitely requires a learning curve. Good results and a high patient satisfaction are guaranteed. We now utilize this approach for isolated atrioventricular valve disease and our plan is to make this exclusive by the end of this year for all the patients except Redo Cases.

  15. Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for lung resection: the first Canadian series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahim, Christine; Hanna, Waël; Waddell, Thomas; Shargall, Yaron; Yasufuku, Kazuhiro

    2017-08-01

    Robotic surgery was introduced as a platform for minimally invasive lung resection in Canada in October 2011. We present the first Canadian series of robotic pulmonary resection for lung cancer. Prospective databases at 2 institutions were queried for patients who underwent robotic resection for lung cancer between October 2011 and June 2015. To examine the effect of learning curves on patient and process outcomes, data were organized into 3 temporal tertiles, stratified by surgeon. A total of 167 consecutive patients were included in the study. Median age was 66 (range 27-88) years, and 46.1% ( n = 77) of patients were men. The majority of patients ( n = 141, 84%) underwent robotic lobectomy. Median duration of surgery was 270 (interquartile range [IQR] 233-326) minutes, and median length of stay (LOS) was 4 (IQR 3-6) days. Twelve patients (7%) were converted to thoracotomy. Total duration of surgery and console time decreased significantly ( p < 0.001) across tertiles, with a steady decline until case 20, followed by a plateau effect. Across tertiles, there was no significant difference in LOS, number of lymph node stations removed, or perioperative complications. The results of this case series are comparable to those reported in the literature. A prospective study to examine the outcomes and cost of robotic pulmonary resection compared with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery should be done in the context of the Canadian health care system. We have presented the first consecutive case series of robotic lobectomy in Canada. Outcomes compare favourably to other series in the literature.

  16. Adjuvant chemotherapy compliance is not superior after thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Licht, Peter B; Schytte, Tine; Jakobsen, Erik

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that patient compliance with adjuvant chemotherapy is superior after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery compared with open lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The level of evidence for this assumption, however, is limited to single-institution, ......BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed that patient compliance with adjuvant chemotherapy is superior after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery compared with open lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The level of evidence for this assumption, however, is limited to single...... that adjuvant chemotherapy compliance is superior after thoracoscopic lobectomy for NSCLC. Instead, significant predictors of chemotherapy compliance are patient's age, comorbidity, and pathologic N status....

  17. Single-port thoracoscopic surgery for pneumothorax under two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Kook Nam; Kim, Hyun Koo; Lee, Hyun Joo; Lee, Dong Kyu; Kim, Heezoo; Lim, Sang Ho; Choi, Young Ho

    2016-06-01

    The development of single-port thoracoscopic surgery and two-lung ventilation reduced the invasiveness of minor thoracic surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-port thoracoscopic bleb resection for primary spontaneous pneumothorax using two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation. Between February 2009 and May 2014, 130 patients underwent single-port thoracoscopic bleb resection under two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation. Access was gained using a commercial multiple-access single port through a 2.5-cm incision; carbon dioxide gas was insufflated through a port channel. A 5-mm thoracoscope, articulating endoscopic devices, and flexible endoscopic staplers were introduced through a multiple-access single port for bulla resection. The mean time from endotracheal intubation to incision was 29.2±7.8 minutes, the mean operative time was 30.9±8.2 minutes, and the mean total anesthetic time was 75.5±14.4 minutes. There were no anesthesia-related complications or wound problems. The chest drain was removed after a mean of 3.7±1.4 days and patients were discharged without complications 4.8±1.5 days from the operative day. During a mean 7.5±10.1 months of follow-up, there were five recurrences (3.8%) in operated thorax. The anesthetic strategy of single-lumen intubation with carbon dioxide gas insufflation can be a safe and feasible option for single-port thoracoscopic bulla resection as it represents the least invasive surgical option with the potential advantages of reducing operative time and one-lung ventilation-related complications without diminishing surgical outcomes.

  18. Video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication for the management of late stage pleural empyema, is it feasible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajjar, Waseem M; Ahmed, Iftikhar; Al-Nassar, Sami A; Alsultan, Rawan K; Alwgait, Waad A; Alkhalaf, Hanoof H; Bisht, Shekhar C

    2016-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical decortication (VATSD) is widely applicable in fibrinopurulent Stage II empyema. While, more chronic thick walled Stage III empyema (organizing stage) needs conversion to open thoracotomy, and existing reports reveal a lacuna in the realm of late stage empyema patient's management through VATS utilization, particularly Stage III empyema. We prospectively evaluated the application of VATSD regardless of the stage of pleural empyema for the effective management of late stage empyema in comparison to open decortications (ODs) to minimize the adverse effects of the disease. All patients with pyogenic pleural empyema (Stage II and Stage III) in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) (admitted from January 2009 to December 2013) who did not respond to chest tube/pigtail drainage and/or antibiotic therapy were treated with VATSD and/or open thoracotomy. Prospective evaluation was carried out, and the effect of this technique on perioperative outcomes was appraised to evaluate our technical learning with the passage of time and experience with VATS for late stage empyema management. Out of total 63 patients, 26 had Stage II empyema and 37 had Stage III empyema. VATSD was employed on all empyema patients admitted in the KKUH. VATSD was successful in all patients with Stage II empyema. Twenty-five patients (67.6%) with Stage III empyema completed VATSD successfully. However, only 12 cases (32.4%) required conversions to open (thoracotomy) drainage (OD). The median hospital stay for Stage III VATSD required 9.65 ± 4.1 days. Whereas, patients who underwent open thoracotomy took longer time (21.82 ± 16.35 days). Similarly, Stage III VATSD and Stage III open surgery cases showed significance difference among chest tube duration (7.84 ± 3.33 days for VATS and 15.92 ± 8.2 days for open thoracotomy). Significantly, lower postoperative complications were detected in patients treated with VATSD in terms of atelectasis, prolonged air leak

  19. Non-intubated thoracoscopic surgery using internal intercostal nerve block, vagal block and targeted sedation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Ming-Hui; Hsu, Hsao-Hsun; Chan, Kuang-Cheng; Chen, Ke-Cheng; Yie, Jr-Chi; Cheng, Ya-Jung; Chen, Jin-Shing

    2014-10-01

    Thoracoscopic surgery using internal intercostal nerve block, vagal block and targeted sedation without endotracheal intubation is a promising technique for selected patients, but little is known about its feasibility and safety. We evaluated 109 patients with lung (105), mediastinal (3) or pleural (1) tumours treated using non-intubated thoracoscopic surgery. Internal, intercostal nerve block was performed at the T3-T8 intercostal level and vagal block was performed adjacent to the vagus nerve at the level of the lower trachea for right-sided operations and at the level of the aortopulmonary window for left-sided operations. Sedation was performed with propofol infusion to achieve a bispectral index value between 40 and 60. Thoracoscopic lobectomy was performed in 43 patients, wedge resection in 50, segmentectomy in 12 and mediastinal or pleural tumour excision in 4. Three patients (2.8%) required conversion to intubated one-lung ventilation because of vigorous mediastinal movement and dense diaphragmatic adhesions. Anaesthetic induction and operation had a median duration of 10.0 and 127.0 min, respectively. Operative complications developed in 13 patients with air leaks for more than 3 days and 1 patient required transfusion of blood products. The median postoperative chest drainage and hospital stay were 2.0 and 4.0 days, respectively. Non-intubated thoracoscopic surgery using internal intercostal nerve block, vagal block and targeted sedation is technically feasible and safe in surgical treatment of lung, mediastinal and pleural tumours in selected patients. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  20. Nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery using regional anesthesia and vagal block and targeted sedation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ke-Cheng; Cheng, Ya-Jung; Hung, Ming-Hui; Tseng, Yu-Ding; Chen, Jin-Shing

    2014-01-01

    Thoracoscopic surgery without endotracheal intubation is a novel technique for diagnosis and treatment of thoracic diseases. This study reported the experience of nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. From August 2009 through August 2013, 446 consecutive patients with lung or pleural diseases were treated by nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery. Regional anesthesia was achieved by thoracic epidural anesthesia or internal intercostal blockade. Targeted sedation was performed with propofol infusion to achieve a bispectral index value between 40 and 60. The demographic data and clinical outcomes were evaluated by retrospective chart review. Thoracic epidural anesthesia was used in 290 patients (65.0%) while internal intercostal blockade was used in 156 patients (35.0%). The final diagnosis were primary lung cancer in 263 patients (59.0%), metastatic lung cancer in 38 (8.5%), benign lung tumor in 140 (31.4%), and pneumothorax in 5 (1.1%). The median anesthetic induction time was 30 minutes by thoracic epidural anesthesia and was 10 minutes by internal intercostal blockade. The operative procedures included lobectomy in 189 patients (42.4%), wedge resection in 229 (51.3%), and segmentectomy in 28 (6.3%). Sixteen patients (3.6%) required conversion to tracheal intubation because of significant mediastinal movement (seven patients), persistent hypoxemia (two patients), dense pleural adhesions (two patients), ineffective epidural anesthesia (two patients), bleeding (two patients), and tachypnea (one patient). One patient (0.4%) was converted to thoracotomy because of bleeding. No mortality was noted in our patients. Nonintubated thoracoscopic surgery is technically feasible and safe and can be a less invasive alternative for diagnosis and treatment of thoracic diseases.

  1. Ergonomics in thoracoscopic surgery: results of a survey among thoracic surgeons†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welcker, Katrin; Kesieme, Emeka B.; Internullo, Eveline; Kranenburg van Koppen, Laura J.C.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES The frequent and prolonged use of thoracoscopic equipment raises ergonomic risks which may cause physical distress. We aimed to determine the relationship between ergonomic problems encountered in thoracoscopic surgery and physical distress among thoracic surgeons. METHODS An online questionnaire which investigated personal factors, product factors, interaction factors and physical discomfort was sent to all members of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS). RESULTS Of the respondents, 2.4% indicated that a one arm's length should be the optimal distance between the surgeon and the monitor. Only 2.4% indicated that the monitor should be positioned below the eye level of the surgeon. Most of the respondents agreed, partially to fully, that they experienced neck discomfort because of inappropriate monitor height, bad monitor position and bad table height. Most respondents experienced numb fingers and shoulder discomfort due to instrument manipulation. Most of the respondents (77.1%) experienced muscle fatigue to some extent due to a static posture during thoracoscopic surgery. The majority of respondents (81.9, 76.3 and 83.2% respectively) indicated that they had varying degrees of discomfort mainly in the neck, shoulder and back. Some 94.4% of respondents were unaware of any guidelines concerning table height, monitor and instrument placement for endoscopic surgery. CONCLUSIONS Most thoracic surgeons in Europe are unaware of ergonomic guidelines and do not practise them, hence they suffer varying degrees of physical discomfort arising from ergonomic issues. PMID:22586071

  2. AB009. Comparison of uniportal and multiportal video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) complicated segmentectomy: a propensity score matching analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Yuan; Lin, Tzu-Hung; Chang, Chao-Chun; Huang, Wei-Li; Yen, Yi-Ting; Tseng, Yau-Lin

    2017-01-01

    Background Complicated segmentectomy, which is defined as a segmentectomy not belonging to the conventional segmentectomy, is considered as a more difficult technique in uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) approach. Rare literature discussed about uniportal VATS complicated segmentectomy and its comparison with multiportal approach. We want to compare the perioperative outcomes of uniportal and multiportal VATS complicated segmentectomy. Methods A total of 187 patients underwent uniportal or multiportal VATS complicated segmentectomy in NCKUH from July 2010 to March 2017. The patients who underwent synchronous bilateral surgery, double anatomical resections, and repeated surgery were excluded. A crude comparison and a propensity score matching analysis, incorporating preoperative variables, were conducted to elucidate the short-term outcomes between uniportal and multiportal VATS complicated segmentectomy. Results The presenting study includes 96 uniportal and 68 multiportal VATS complicated segmentectomy between July 2010 and March 2017. A propensity score matching yielded 56 patients in each group. The operation time and blood loss were not significantly different between these two groups. Uniportal VATS complicated segmentectomy had a shorter duration of pleural drainage and postoperative hospital stay (2.8 vs. 3.6 days and 4.2 vs. 5.3 days, respectively) (P<0.01). Both the intraoperative and postoperative complication rates were not significantly different as well. No 30-day mortality was observed in our series. Conclusions VATS complicated segmentectomy in uniportal approach are feasible, and comparable with those of the multiportal approach in short-term perioperative outcomes.

  3. A risk score to predict the incidence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy: An analysis from the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pompili, Cecilia; Falcoz, Pierre Emmanuel; Salati, Michele; Szanto, Zalan; Brunelli, Alessandro

    2017-04-01

    The study objective was to develop an aggregate risk score for predicting the occurrence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy from patients registered in the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. A total of 5069 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy (July 2007 to August 2015) were analyzed. Exclusion criteria included sublobar resections or pneumonectomies, lung resection associated with chest wall or diaphragm resections, sleeve resections, and need for postoperative assisted mechanical ventilation. Prolonged air leak was defined as an air leak more than 5 days. Several baseline and surgical variables were tested for a possible association with prolonged air leak using univariable and logistic regression analyses, determined by bootstrap resampling. Predictors were proportionally weighed according to their regression estimates (assigning 1 point to the smallest coefficient). Prolonged air leak was observed in 504 patients (9.9%). Three variables were found associated with prolonged air leak after logistic regression: male gender (P classes with an incremental risk of prolonged air leak (P class A (score 0 points, 1493 patients) 6.3% with prolonged air leak, class B (score 1 point, 2240 patients) 10% with prolonged air leak, class C (score 2 points, 1219 patients) 13% with prolonged air leak, and class D (score >2 points, 117 patients) 25% with prolonged air leak. An aggregate risk score was created to stratify the incidence of prolonged air leak after video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy. The score can be used for patient counseling and to identify those patients who can benefit from additional intraoperative preventative measures. Copyright © 2016 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Technological innovation in video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özyurtkan, Mehmet Oğuzhan; Kaba, Erkan; Toker, Alper

    2017-01-01

    The popularity of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) which increased worldwide due to the recent innovations in thoracic surgical technics, equipment, electronic devices that carry light and vision and high definition monitors. Uniportal VATS (UVATS) is disseminated widely, creating a drive to develop new techniques and instruments, including new graspers and special staplers with more angulation capacities. During the history of VATS, the classical 10 mm 0° or 30° rigid rod lens system, has been replaced by new thoracoscopes providing a variable angle technology and allowing 0° and 120° range of vision. Besides, the tip of these novel thoracoscopes can be positioned away from the operating side minimize fencing with other thoracoscopic instruments. The curved-tip stapler technology, and better designed endostaplers helped better dissection, precision of control, more secure staple lines. UVATS also contributed to the development of embryonic natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. Three-dimensional VATS systems facilitated faster and more accurate grasping, suturing, and dissection of the tissues by restoring natural 3D vision and the perception of depth. Another innovation in VATS is the energy-based coagulative and tissue fusion technology which may be an alternative to endostaplers.

  5. Major intraoperative complications during video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomical lung resections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Decaluwe, Herbert; Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    complication. Surgeon's experience was related to non-oncological conversions, but not to vascular injuries or major complications in a multivariable logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Major intraoperative complications during VATS anatomical lung resections are infrequent, seem not to be related......OBJECTIVES: A multicentre evaluation of the frequency and nature of major intraoperative complications during video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) anatomical resections. METHODS: Six European centres submitted their series of consecutive anatomical lung resections with the intention to treat by VATS....... Conversions to thoracotomy, vascular injuries and major intraoperative complications were studied in relation to surgeons' experience. Major complications included immediate life-threatening complications (i.e. blood loss of more than 2 l), injury to proximal airway or other organs or those leading...

  6. [Thoracoscopically removed thoracolithiasis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kataoka, K; Nishikawa, T; Fujiwara, T; Matsuura, M

    2010-11-01

    Thoracolithiasis is a rare condition with only 16 cases of surgically removed nodules reported in the literature in Japan. We report an additional thoracoscopically removed case. A 62-year-old man was pointed out an abnormal shadow behind the left diaphragmatic dome on a routine health examination. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a round mass lesion with calcification, about 11 mm in diameter, in the left thorax. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) was performed and a white 11 mm completely free nodule in the left pleural cavity was removed. Pathological findings revealed necrotic fat tissue in the center surrounded by hyalinized fibrous tissue, being consistent with thoracolithiasis.

  7. Thoracoscopic segmentectomy for congenital and acquired pulmonary disease: a case for lung-sparing surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberg, Steven S; Shipman, Kristin; Kay, Saundra; Kadenhe-Chiweshe, Angela; Thirumoorthi, Arul; Garcia, Alejandro; Czauderna, Piotr; Kravarusic, Dragan; Freud, Enrique

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 15 years thoracoscopic lobectomy for congenital and acquired lesions has become an accepted modality in pediatric thoracic surgery. There is still debate about the need to perform a complete lobectomy for some of these lesions, and some advocate observation rather than resection, despite possible long-term complications of untreated lesions. High-resolution computed tomography (CT) scans and physical findings at the time of surgery, along with new advanced techniques, now allow for discrete partial anatomic resections, which may preserve normal lung. This study evaluates the feasibility and early results using these techniques in selected cases. With institutional review board approval, the records of all patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection were reviewed. From January 2006 to December 2012, 23 patients, ranging from 1 month to 16 years of age and weighing 3.8-42 kg, underwent thoracoscopy for planned resection. Pathology was congenital cystic lung disease in 19 patients, bronchiectasis in 3 patients, and arteriovenous malformation in 1 patient. In each case findings on CT scan and at the time of surgery warranted consideration of lung-preserving surgery. Procedures were performed through three ports using single lung ventilation and CO2 insufflation to achieve lung collapse. The LigaSure™ device (Covidien, Norwalk, CT) was the primary instrument used to seal and divide the lung parenchyma and seal vessels. All procedures were completed successfully thoracoscopically. An anatomic segmental resection was achieved in 22 of 23 cases. Operative time ranged from 30 to 300 minutes (mean, 120 minutes). Segmental resections included the left upper lobe apical/posterior (n=4), lingula (n=3), left lower lobe superior (n=5), medial or posterior basal (n=3), right middle lobe medial (n=1), right upper lobe apical (n=1), right lower lobe superior (n=4), and posterior basal (n=2). Two patients had more than one segment excised. Chest tubes were left

  8. Thoracoscopic surgery for lung emphysema using an infrared camera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Keitaro; Sano, Isao; Taniguchi, Hideki; Yamasaki, Naoya; Tsuchiya, Tomoshi; Miyazaki, Takuro; Tomoshige, Koichi; Nagayasu, Takeshi

    2013-05-24

    Localized emphysema is difficult to detect on normal thoracoscopy. Indocyanine green (ICG) was used to precisely delineate an emphysematous lesion using an infrared camera system in a 75-year-old woman with a large emphysematous lesion in the right lower lobe. Due to repeated infections of the emphysematous lesion, right basal segmentectomy for localized lung emphysema was performed. During surgery, ICG (0.5 mg/kg) was injected intravenously, and the emphysematous lesion was detected as a fluorescence defect. This method could be used for precise resection of large emphysematous lesions because it permits clear detection with a small amount of ICG.

  9. Three-dimensional image reconstruction with free open-source OsiriX software in video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Fei; Wang, Jian; Yao, Ju; Hang, Fangrong; Lei, Xu; Cao, Yongke

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the practice and the feasibility of Osirix, a free and open-source medical imaging software, in performing accurate video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy and segmentectomy. From July 2014 to April 2016, 63 patients received anatomical video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), either lobectomy or segmentectomy, in our department. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction images of 61 (96.8%) patients were preoperatively obtained with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). Preoperative resection simulations were accomplished with patient-individual reconstructed 3D images. For lobectomy, pulmonary lobar veins, arteries and bronchi were identified meticulously by carefully reviewing the 3D images on the display. For segmentectomy, the intrasegmental veins in the affected segment for division and the intersegmental veins to be preserved were identified on the 3D images. Patient preoperative characteristics, surgical outcomes and postoperative data were reviewed from a prospective database. The study cohort of 63 patients included 33 (52.4%) men and 30 (47.6%) women, of whom 46 (73.0%) underwent VATS lobectomy and 17 (27.0%) underwent VATS segmentectomy. There was 1 conversion from VATS lobectomy to open thoracotomy because of fibrocalcified lymph nodes. A VATS lobectomy was performed in 1 case after completing the segmentectomy because invasive adenocarcinoma was detected by intraoperative frozen-section analysis. There were no 30-day or 90-day operative mortalities CONCLUSIONS: The free, simple, and user-friendly software program Osirix can provide a 3D anatomic structure of pulmonary vessels and a clear vision into the space between the lesion and adjacent tissues, which allows surgeons to make preoperative simulations and improve the accuracy and safety of actual surgery. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy Is the Preferred Approach Following Induction Chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamel, Mohamed K; Nasar, Abu; Stiles, Brendon M; Altorki, Nasser K; Port, Jeffrey L

    2017-05-01

    A video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) resection, after induction chemotherapy, has long been considered a relative contraindication. We report our experience with VATS lobectomy after induction chemotherapy for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with propensity-matched group of patients, who underwent an open approach, to determine safety and oncological outcome. A retrospective review of a prospective database (2002-2014) was performed to identify patients undergoing potentially curative lobectomy for NSCLC after induction therapy. Propensity score matching (age, gender, and clinical stage) was performed (1:2) to obtain a balanced cohort of patients undergoing VATS resection and thoracotomy. A total of 285 patients underwent lobectomy after induction therapy, 114 were propensity matched (VATS, n = 40, thoracotomy, n = 74). There were no differences in the clinicopathological factors or type of induction therapy (conventional versus targeted) between VATS and thoracotomy groups. Similarly, no differences were found in the number of lymph nodes resected (12 versus 15, P = .94), the number of stations sampled (4 for each, P = .68), or in the rate of R0 resection (95% versus 96%, P = .81) between VATS and thoracotomy groups. Five VATS cases were converted to an open approach because of adhesions. VATS resection was associated with less estimated blood loss (EBL), shorter length of stay (LOS), and a trend toward fewer postoperative complications. There was no difference in 5 years disease-free survival (DFS) between VATS and thoracotomy groups (73% versus 48%, P = .09). Similarly, for patients who presented with cN2, there were no differences between thoracotomy and VATS groups in DFS (P = .37). On multi-variable analysis (MVA), only the clinical N1/2 status [Hazard ratio (HR): 4.86, P induction therapy for NSCLC. When compared with thoracotomy, VATS lobectomy is associated with lower EBL, shorter LOS, and a trend

  11. Ninety-Day Mortality After Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Lobectomy: Incidence and Risk Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunelli, Alessandro; Dinesh, Padma; Woodcock-Shaw, Joshua; Littlechild, Duncan; Pompili, Cecilia

    2017-09-01

    We evaluated the incidence and risk factors of 90-day mortality rate after video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy. Retrospective analysis on 733 VATS lobectomies or segmentectomies (January 2012 to February 2016), including 66 operations converted to open operation. Several patient-related and surgical variables were tested to verify their association with 90-day mortality using univariable and logistic regression analyses. A score was assigned to each variable in the final model by proportionally weighting the regression odds ratios (ORs) and assigning 1 point to the smallest one. A total score was generated for each patient by adding the individual points. The patients were finally grouped into classes of risk. In-hospital/30-day mortality rate was 1.9% (14 patients). Additionally, 4 patients died after discharge between 30 and 90 days. Total 90-day mortality rate was 2.5% (18 patients). Regression analysis showed that factors significantly associated with 90-day mortality were male sex (OR 12, p = 0.001), carbon monoxide lung diffusion capacity (Dlco) less than 60% (OR 4.8, p =0.001), and operative time longer than 150 minutes (OR 4.2, p = 0.03). A score was developed assigning 1 point to the variables Dlco and operative time and 3 points to the variable male sex. The total score ranged from 0 (155 patients) to 5 points (32 patients). Patients were grouped into five risk classes showing an incremental 90-day mortality rate (class A, 0; class B, 0.38%; class C, 0.93%; class D, 5.65%; class E, 18.75%, p < 0.0001). Our results represent important information to be shared with the patients during surgical counseling. It can also assist multidisciplinary tumor board discussion about treatment selection. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Pulmonary Metastasectomy through Sternocostal Triangle Access: Superiority in Detection of Non-Imaged Pulmonary Nodules

    OpenAIRE

    Long Hao; Jiang Long; Lin YongBin; Situ DongRong; Zheng Yan; Zhang YiGong; Ma GuoWei

    2014-01-01

    Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for pulmonary metastasectomy through sternocostal triangle access allows manual palpation of both lungs, thus permitting effective treatment of lung metastases. In our research, 62 patients from November 2001 to January 2012 underwent our Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery procedures for pulmonary metastasectomy. Clinical data, including the number of pulmonary metastases determined by Computed Tomography/Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography, s...

  13. Change in Lung Volume Following Thoracoscopic Anterior Spinal Fusion Surgery: A 3-Dimensional Computed Tomography Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Caroline G; Grant, Caroline A; Izatt, Maree T; Labrom, Robert D; Askin, Geoffrey N; Adam, Clayton J; Little, J Paige

    2017-06-15

    Lung volumes and thoracic anatomy were measured from low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans preoperatively and 2 years following thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion (TASF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The aim of this study was to assess changes in lung volume after TASF surgical correction. AIS patients are known to have decreased pulmonary function as a consequence of their spinal and ribcage deformity. Several studies have evaluated changes in pulmonary function clinically after scoliosis correction surgery showing varied results. To date, there have been no published studies using CT to evaluate lung volume changes following TASF. Twenty-three female AIS patients with both pre- and 2 years postoperative low-dose CT scans were selected from an ethically approved, historical databank. Three-dimensional lung volumes were reconstructed to determine anatomical lung volumes. Right and left lung volumes, total lung volume, and right-to-left lung volume ratio were obtained as well as hemithoracic symmetry, to indicate the extent of thorax deformity. Cobb angle, rib hump, levels fused in surgery, and patient height were used for correlation analysis with the lung volume results. Left lung volume, total lung volume, and hemithoracic ratio all increased significantly 2 years after surgery. There was no significant change in right-to-left lung volume ratio (P = 0.36). Statistical regression found significant positive correlation between lung volume changes, reduction in Cobb angle, increase in height, and improvement in hemithoracic symmetry ratio. TASF resulted in a statistically significant increase in lung volume following surgery, as well as improvement in the symmetry of the thoracic architecture; however, the postoperative lung volumes remained in the lower 50th percentile relative to females without thoracic deformity. Furthermore, change in lung volume was significantly correlated with changes in Cobb angle, hemithoracic asymmetry, and increased

  14. Transition from video-assisted thoracic surgery to robotic pulmonary surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The “da Vinci Surgical System” is a robotic surgical system that utilizes multi-jointed robotic arms and a high-resolution three-dimensional video-monitoring system. We report on the state of transition from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) to robotic pulmonary surgery, the surgical outcomes of robotic surgery compared to VATS, and the future of robotic surgery. Surgery utilizing the da Vinci Surgical System requires a console surgeon and assistant who have been certified by Intuitive Surgical, Inc., the system manufacturer. On the basis of the available medical literature, a robotic lobectomy has a learning curve that extends over approximately 20 cases for a surgeon who has mastered VATS. Surgery using the da Vinci System is safe, is associated with lower morbidity and mortality rates than thoracotomy, leads to shorter postoperative hospital stays, and ensures improved postoperative quality of life. Currently, no prospective studies comparing it to VATS have been conducted. The various studies that have compared robotic surgery and VATS have reported different results. At the present time, the benefits to patients of robotic surgery compared to VATS remain unclear. Areas in which robotic surgery may be superior to VATS include the superior operability of robotic surgery that improves safety and decreases the incidence of complication. To show that the costly robotic surgery is superior to VATS, prospective multicenter randomized studies need to be conducted. The da Vinci robot-assisted surgical system has already been highly evaluated for its safety, with recent studies reporting satisfactory outcomes. It remains necessary to verify whether the benefits to patients justify the higher cost of robotic surgery. Future developments in the field of robotic engineering will likely lead to the creation of systems that are even less invasive and allow for more advanced surgical techniques. PMID:29078618

  15. Effect of desflurane-remifentanil vs. Propofol-remifentanil anesthesia on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation for thoracoscopic surgery: a prospective randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Youn Joung; Kim, Tae Kyong; Hong, Deok Man; Seo, Jeong-Hwa; Bahk, Jae-Hyon; Jeon, Yunseok

    2017-01-18

    One-lung ventilation during thoracic surgery frequently disturbs normal systemic oxygenation. However, the effect of anesthetics on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation has not been well established in human study. In this clinical trial, we investigated whether a difference between desflurane-remifentanil and propofol-remifentanil anesthesia can be observed with regard to oxygenation during one-lung ventilation for thoracoscopic surgery. Adult patients with lung cancer, scheduled for video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy without preoperative oxygen support, were screened and randomized to receive desflurane or propofol, with remifentanil continuous infusion in both groups. Mechanical ventilation was performed with tidal volume of 8 ml/kg and FIO2 0.5 during two-lung ventilation, and 6 ml/kg and 1.0 during one-lung ventilation, both with positive end-expiratory pressure of 5 cmH2O. Arterial blood gas analysis was performed preoperatively, during two-lung ventilation, and after 15, 30, 45, and 60 min of one-lung ventilation. The primary endpoint was PaO2 at 30 min after initiating one-lung ventilation. Statistical analyses included the independent t-test for the primary endpoint and a mixed model with a post-hoc analysis to evaluate the serial changes in values. Patients were recruited between July 9 and December 2, 2014. In total, 103 patients were analyzed (n = 52 in desflurane group and n = 51 in propofol group). The primary endpoint, PaO2 at 30 min of one-lung ventilation was lower in the desflurane group than the propofol group (170 ± 72 vs. 202 ± 82 mmHg; p = 0.039). Serial changes in PaO2 during one-lung ventilation showed lower levels during desflurane anesthesia compared with propofol anesthesia (mean difference, 45 mmHg; 95% confidence interval, 16-75 mmHg; p = 0.003). In conclusion, desflurane-remifentanil anesthesia resulted in decreased arterial oxygenation compared with that of propofol

  16. Strategy of video-assisted thoracoscopic lymph node eradication for lung cancer: a report of 264 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo YANG

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the method and essential procedure for lymph node eradication during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy in patients with lung cancer. Methods Two hundred and sixty-four patients with lung cancer underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy and lymph node eradication from April 2007 to April 2012 in General Hospital of PLA. In 144 cases of right lung cancer, the eradicated lymph nodes included groups 2, 3, 4R, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11. In 120 cases of left lung cancer, the eradicated lymph nodes included groups 5 to 11. The mediastinal lymph nodes were removed en bloc according to the anatomic distribution. The clinical data and pathological results of all patients were analyzed retrospectively. Results The operation was successfully completed in all the patients, the operation time was 162.4±35.8 minutes, and the blood loss was 129.3±46.3ml. Three patients suffered from postoperative chylothorax, and they recovered after conservative treatment. Two patients suffered from the complication of hoarse voice, and one of them recovered 2 months later, and another did not recover. 8.7±1.2 and 10.6±1.4 lymph nodes of N1 and N2 were removed in patients with right lung cancer, and 8.2±1.4 and 9.2±1.3 in patients with left lung cancer. According to anatomic distribution, the number of removed lymph nodes from right superior mediastinum (including groups 2, 3 and 4R was 4.2±0.9, that of left superior mediastinum (including groups 5 and 6 was 2.8±1.0, that of inferior mediastinum (including groups 8 and 9 was 2.1±0.7, and that of group 7 was 3.3±1.8. Metastasis of N1 lymph nodes was found in 64 patients (24% and that of N2 in 21 patients (8%, and in 3 of them only lymph nodes of N2 were found to have metastasis but none in N1 lymph nodes. Conclusion In video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy, lymph node eradication could be accomplished in patients with lung cancer. En bloc lymph node eradication according to anatomic distribution

  17. Surgical outcome of video-assisted thoracic surgery for acute thoracic empyema using pulsed lavage irrigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Hiroshige; Taniguchi, Yuji; Miwa, Ken; Adachi, Yoshin; Fujioka, Shinji; Haruki, Tomohiro

    2010-03-01

    The essential points of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for acute thoracic empyema are the decortication of thickened pleura, resection of necrotic tissues and fibrin blocks, and drainage. Pulsed lavage irrigation, which is commonly used in orthopedic surgery as a method of sufficiently performing the technique, was used under a thoracoscope to study the efficacy of the treatment for acute thoracic empyema. The subjects comprised 31 patients who had undergone VATS for acute thoracic empyema. There were 26 men and 5 women with an average age of 60.5 years. For the surgical technique, the thickened pus-producing pleura were decorticated under a thoracoscope. The pulsed lavage irrigation system was used after the intrathoracic space had become a single cavity. Using the tip for an intraspinal space, lavage and suctioning were repeated with 5-10 l of a pressurized warm saline solution. Fibrin blocks and necrotic tissues were easily removed by spray washing with pressurized fluid. The operating time was 150.8 min; the amount of bleeding, including suctioned pleural effusion, was 478.5 g; and the postoperative duration of drainage was 10.7 days. During the postoperative course, the addition of open window thoracotomy due to the relapse of empyema due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was observed in only one patient (3.2%). All of the other patients improved despite their concomitant diseases. The use of pulsed lavage irrigation under a thoracoscope for acute thoracic empyema provides simple, efficient débridement or drainage.

  18. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy with a single utility port is feasible in the treatment of elderly patients with peripheral lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chang; Xu, Chun; Ma, Haitao; Ni, Bin; Chen, Jun; Chen, Tengfei; Zhang, Hongtao; Zhao, Jun

    2014-05-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy with a single utility port has emerged as a new technology in recent years. The aim of this study is to review the technology in the treatment of elderly patients with peripheral lung cancer. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 21 elderly patients with peripheral lung cancer who underwent single utility port VATS lobectomy from February 2011 to February 2013 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University (VATS group). The clinical outcomes and postoperative complications were then compared to data from 32 elderly patients who underwent lobectomy by thoracotomy (TL group). No mortality occurred during the postoperative period in either group. There was no statistical difference in surgery duration, the quantity of lymph node dissection or intraoperative blood loss between the VATS and TL groups. However, significant differences existed in the postoperative hospital stay (6.19 ± 1.69 days vs. 8.22 ± 2.55 days), time to first activity out of bed (20.57 ± 7.72 hours vs. 26.81 ± 9.27 hours), chest drainage duration (4.24 ± 1.04 days vs. 5.22 ± 1.29 days), and total postoperative drainage volume (642.86 ± 158.18 mL vs. 787.81 ± 211.55 mL) between the VATS and TL groups (P utility port is a safe and feasible surgical procedure for selected elderly patients with peripheral lung cancer.

  19. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery for Tubercular Spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roop Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study evaluated the outcome of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS in 9 patients (males = 6, females = 3 with clinico-radiological diagnosis of tubercular spondylitis of the dorsal spine. The mean duration of surgery was 140.88 ± 20.09 minutes, mean blood was 417.77 ± 190.90 mL, and mean duration of postoperative hospital stay was 5.77 ± 0.97 days, Seven patients had a preoperative Grade A neurological involvement, while at the time of final followup the only deficit was Grade D power in 2 patients. In patients without bone graft placement (n = 6, average increase in Kyphosis angle was 16°, while in patients with bone graft placement (n = 3 the deformity remained stationary. At the time of final follow up, fusion was achieved in all patients, the VAS score for back pain improved from a pretreatment score of 8.3 to 2, and the function assessment yielded excellent (n = 4 to good (n = 5 results. In two patients minithoracotomy had to be resorted due to extensive pleural adhesions (n = 1 or difficulty in placement of graft (n = 1. Videoassisted thoracoscopic surgery provides a safe and effective approach in the management of spinal tuberculosis. It has the advantages of decreased blood loss and post operative morbidity with minimal complications.

  20. Thoracoscopic versus robotic approaches: advantages and disadvantages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Benjamin; D'Amico, Thomas A

    2014-05-01

    The overall advantages of thoracoscopy over thoracotomy in terms of patient recovery have been fairly well established. The use of robotics, however, is a newer and less proven modality in the realm of thoracic surgery. Robotics offers distinct advantages and disadvantages in comparison with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Robotic technology is now used for a variety of complex cardiac, urologic, and gynecologic procedures including mitral valve repair and microsurgical treatment of male infertility. This article addresses the potential benefits and limitations of using the robotic platform for the performance of a variety of thoracic operations. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Development and application of the near-infrared and white-light thoracoscope system for minimally invasive lung cancer surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Yamin; Wang, Kun; He, Kunshan; Ye, Jinzuo; Yang, Fan; Zhou, Jian; Li, Hao; Chen, Xiuyuan; Wang, Jun; Chi, Chongwei; Tian, Jie

    2017-06-01

    In minimally invasive surgery, the white-light thoracoscope as a standard imaging tool is facing challenges of the low contrast between important anatomical or pathological regions and surrounding tissues. Recently, the near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging shows superior advantages over the conventional white-light observation, which inspires researchers to develop imaging systems to improve overall outcomes of endoscopic imaging. We developed an NIR and white-light dual-channel thoracoscope system, which achieved high-fluorescent signal acquisition efficiency and the simultaneously optimal visualization of the NIR and color dual-channel signals. The system was designed to have fast and accurate image registration and high signal-to-background ratio by optimizing both software algorithms and optical hardware components for better performance in the NIR spectrum band. The system evaluation demonstrated that the minimally detectable concentration of indocyanine green (ICG) was 0.01 μM, and the spatial resolution was 35 μm. The in vivo feasibility of our system was verified by the preclinical experiments using six porcine models with the intravenous injection of ICG. Furthermore, the system was successfully applied for guiding the minimally invasive segmentectomy in three lung cancer patients, which revealed that our system held great promise for the clinical translation in lung cancer surgeries.

  2. Perioperative Outcomes and Long-term Survival in Clinically Early-stage Thymic 
Malignancies: Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Thymectomy versus Open Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao WANG

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS theoretically offers advantages over open thymectomy for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II thymic malignancies. However, longterm outcomes have not been well studied. We compared the postoperative outcomes and survival from a cohort study based on the database of the Chinese Alliance for Research in Thymomas (ChART. Methods Between 1994 and 2012, data of 1,117 patients having surgery for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II tumors were enrolled for the study. Among them, 241 cases underwent VATS thymectomy (VATS group, while 876 cases underwent open thymectomy (Open group. Univariate analyses were used to compare the clinical character and perioperative outcomes between the two groups. And multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent predictive factors for long-term survival. Results Compared with the Open group, the VATS group had higher percentage of total thymectomy (80.5% vs 73.9%, P=0.028, resection rate (98.8% vs 88.7%, P<0.001 and less recurrence (2.9% vs 16.0%, P<0.001. Five-year overall survival was 92% after VATS and 92% after open thymectomy, with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.15. However, 5-year disease free survival were 92% in VATS group and 83% in Open group (P=0.011. Cox proportional hazards model revealed that WHO classification, Masaoka-Koga stage and adjuvant therapy were independent predictive factors for overall survival, while surgical approach had no significant impact on long-term outcome. Conclusion This study suggests that VATS thymectomy is an effective approach for clinically early-stage thymic malignancies. And it may offer better perioperative outcomes, as well as equal oncological survival.

  3. Thoracoscopic lobectomy as salvage surgery for local recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer after carbon ion radiotherapy in an initially operable patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimoto, Seiichiro; Toyooka, Shinichi; Suzawa, Ken; Ichimura, Kouichi; Fujii, Osamu; Miyoshi, Shinichiro

    2014-01-01

    Carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has recently provided favorable local control with very few toxic reactions. Because CIRT for NSCLC has been mostly performed for elderly or inoperable patients, salvage surgery for NSCLC after CIRT has rarely been reported. We describe a case of complete thoracoscopic right upper lobectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy performed as salvage surgery for local recurrence of stage IA NSCLC after CIRT in an initially operable patient who had refused surgery 27 months previously. Pleural adhesions caused by CIRT were localized to the pulmonary apex and the central pulmonary structures were intact at the time of the salvage surgery, which allowed us to successfully perform thoracoscopic lobectomy without any complications. Thus, salvage surgery for NSCLC after CIRT may be feasible in an initially operable patient, as CIRT appears to be unlikely to cause any difficulties in the salvage surgery.

  4. Thoracoscopic-assisted pulmonary surgery for partial and complete lung lobectomy in dogs and cats: 11 cases (2008-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wormser, Chloe; Singhal, Sunil; Holt, David E; Runge, Jeffrey J

    2014-11-01

    To describe the use of thoracoscopic-assisted pulmonary surgery (TAPS) for partial and complete lung lobectomy in small animal patients and to evaluate short-term outcome. Retrospective case series. 11 client-owned dogs and cats. Procedures-Medical records of dogs and cats that underwent a partial or complete TAPS lung lobectomy were reviewed. All patients underwent general anesthesia and were positioned in lateral recumbency with the affected hemithorax uppermost. One-lung ventilation was not implemented in any patient. For initial exploration, a 5- to 10-mm incision was made for insertion of a 30° telescope approximately 5 to 7 rib spaces away from the site of the pulmonary lesion in the dorsal third of the thorax. All subsequent incision placements were case dependent and determined by the location of the lesion to be resected. Following lesion localization, a 2- to 7-cm minithoracotomy incision was made with direct thoracoscopic visualization without the use of rigid rib retractors. In 10 of 11 patients, a 360° wound retraction device was placed at the minithoracotomy site prior to exteriorization and resection of the affected lung. Lymph nodes were inspected intraoperatively, but biopsies were not performed; incisions were closed routinely, and a thoracostomy tube was placed in all patients. 3 cats and 8 dogs underwent successful partial (5) or complete (6) TAPS lung lobectomy over a 5-year period (2008 through 2013). Median surgery time was 92.7 minutes (range, 77 to 150 minutes). Thoracostomy tubes were removed a median of 22.3 hours after surgery (range, 18 to 36 hours). The median time to discharge was 3.1 days (range, 1 to 6 days). No intraoperative complications were encountered. All patients were discharged from the hospital, with 9 of 11 patients alive 6 months after surgery. Results of this study suggested that lung lobectomy by means of TAPS can be successfully performed in dogs and cats. When compared with total thoracoscopic surgery, TAPS may

  5. Introduction: minimally invasive spine surgery video supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mummaneni, Praveen V

    2013-07-01

    This video supplement of Neurosurgery Focus is devoted to minimally invasive spine surgery. Minimally invasive spine surgery has gained popularity amongst patients and physicians over the past decade because it has been shown in select instances to lower blood loss and reduce length of hospital stay for appropriately selected candidates. This supplement includes videos from many of the leaders in the field. Pioneers like Frank LaMarca, Paul Park, Cheerag Upadhyaya, Juan Uribe, and Mike Wang have all sent in videos depicting minimally invasive spinal deformity surgery options. The supplement also includes videos from several different countries, demonstrating how widespread and nuanced minimally invasive spinal procedures have become. Drs. Barbagallo, Certo, Sciacca, and Albanese from Italy; Drs. Gragnaniello and Seex from Australia; and Drs. Liao, Wu, Huang, Wang, Chang, Cheng, and Shih from Taiwan have all sent in nuanced surgical videos that will be of interest to many viewers. I personally enjoyed viewing videos on lumbar degenerative disease surgery depicting unique surgical nuances to treat common problems. Dr. Beejal Amin, Dr. Harel Deutsch, Dr. Daniel Lu, and Dr. Adam Kanter have each submitted videos depicting lumbar decompression and/or fusion for lumbar degenerative stenosis and spondylosis. This supplement also included videos depicting the minimally invasive treatment of uncommon spinal pathologies as well. Videos from Dr. Fred Geisler, Dr. John O'Toole, and Dr. Noel Perin covered topics as varied as sacroiliac joint dysfunction, spinal arteriovenous malformations, and sympathetic chain surgery. I hope that you enjoy this issue of Neurosurgical Focus devoted to videos depicting the surgical nuances of minimally invasive spinal surgery. This video supplement has international appeal, and it has been an honor to be a guest editor on this superb supplement.

  6. Totally thoracoscopic surgery for the treatment of atrial septal defect without of the robotic Da Vinci surgical system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Gaoli; Qiao, Yanli; Ma, Liming; Ni, Liangchun; Zeng, Shanguang; Li, Qingchen

    2013-05-01

    More and more surgeons and patients focus on the minimally invasive surgical techniques in the 21st century. Totally thoracoscopic operation provides another minimal invasive surgical option for patients with ASD (atrial septal defect). In this study, we reported our experience of 61 patients with atrial septal defect who underwent totally thoracoscopic operation and discussed the feasibility and safety of the new technique. From January 2010 to October 2012, 61 patients with atrial septal defect underwent totally thoracoscopic closure but not traditional median sternotomy surgery. We divided the 61 patients into two groups based on the operation sequence. The data of group A (the first 30 cases) and group B (the last 31 cases). The mean age of the patients was 35.1 ± 12.8 years (range, 6.3 to 63.5 years), and mean weight was 52.7 ± 11.9 kg (range, 30.5 to 80 kg). Mean size of the atrial septal defect was 16.8 ± 11.3 mm (range, 13 to 39 mm) based on the description of the echocardiography. All patients underwent totally thoracoscopy successfully, 36 patients with pericardium patch and 25 patients were sutured directly. 7 patients underwent concomitant tricuspid valvuloplasty with Key technique. No death, reoperation or complete atrioventricular block occurred. The mean time of cardiopulmonary bypass was 68.5 ± 19.1 min (range, 31.0 to 153.0 min), the mean time of aortic cross-clamp was 27.2 ± 11.3 min (range, 0.0 to 80.0 min) and the mean time of operation was 149.8 ± 35.7 min (range, 63.0 to 300.0 min). Postoperative mechanical ventilation averaged 4.9 ± 2.5 hours (range, 3.5 to 12.6 hours), and the duration of intensive care unit stay 20.0 ± 4.8 hours (range, 15.5 to 25 hours). The mean volume of blood drainage was 158 ± 38 ml (range, 51 to 800 ml). No death, residual shunt, lung atelectasis or moderate tricuspid regurgitation was found at 3-month follow-up. The totally thoracoscopic operation is feasible and safe for

  7. Modified single-port non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication in high-risk parapneumonic empyema patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Chen-Hao; Chen, Ke-Cheng; Chen, Jin-Shing

    2017-04-01

    Parapneumonic empyema patients with coronary artery disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction are risky to receive surgical decortication under general anesthesia. Non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery is successfully performed to avoid complications of general anesthesia. We performed single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery in an endoscopic center. In this study, the possible role of our modified surgery to treat fibrinopurulent stage of parapneumonic empyema with high operative risks is investigated. We retrospectively reviewed fibrinopurulent stage of parapneumonic empyema patients between July 2011 and June 2014. Thirty-three patients with coronary artery disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction were included in this study. One group received tube thoracostomy, and the other group received single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery decortication. Patient demographics, characteristics, laboratory findings, etiology, and treatment outcomes were compared. Mean age of 33 patients (24 males, 9 females) was 76.2 ± 9.7 years. Twelve patients received single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery decortication, and 21 patients received tube thoracostomy. Visual analog scale scores on postoperative first hour and first day were not significantly different in two groups (p value = 0.5505 and 0.2750, respectively). Chest tube drainage days, postoperative fever subsided days, postoperative hospital days, and total length of stay were significantly short in single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery decortication (p value = 0.0027, 0.0001, 0.0009, and 0.0065, respectively). Morbidities were low, and mortality was significantly low (p value = 0.0319) in single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery decortication. Single-port non-intubated video-assisted flexible thoracoscopy surgery

  8. Surgery Videos: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Francis Eastside Hospital, Greenville, SC, 07/10/2012) Sciatica Spinal Fusion Surgery for Relief of Chronic Lower ... Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 6/08/2010) Sciatica Spinal Fusion Surgery for Relief of Chronic Lower ...

  9. Defining the cost of care for lobectomy and segmentectomy: a comparison of open, video-assisted thoracoscopic, and robotic approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deen, Shaun A; Wilson, Jennifer L; Wilshire, Candice L; Vallières, Eric; Farivar, Alexander S; Aye, Ralph W; Ely, Robson E; Louie, Brian E

    2014-03-01

    Knowledge about the cost of open, video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS), or robotic lung resection and drivers of cost is crucial as the cost of care comes under scrutiny. This study aims to define the cost of anatomic lung resection and evaluate potential cost-saving measures. A retrospective review of patients who had anatomic resection for early stage lung cancer, carcinoid, or metastatic foci between 2008 and 2012 was performed. Direct hospital cost data were collected from 10 categories. Capital depreciation was separated for the robotic and VATS cases. Key costs were varied in a sensitivity analysis. In all, 184 consecutive patients were included: 69 open, 57 robotic, and 58 VATS. Comorbidities and complication rates were similar. Operative time was statistically different among the three modalities, but length of stay was not. There was no statistically significant difference in overall cost between VATS and open cases (Δ = $1,207) or open and robotic cases (Δ = $1,975). Robotic cases cost $3,182 more than VATS (p robotic-specific supplies and depreciation. The main opportunities to reduce cost in open cases were the intensive care unit, respiratory therapy, and laboratories. Lowering operating time and supply costs were targets for VATS and robotic cases. VATS is the least expensive surgical approach. Robotic cases must be shorter in operative time or reduce supply costs, or both, to be competitive. Lessening operating time, eradicating unnecessary laboratory work, and minimizing intensive care unit stays will help decrease direct hospital costs. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. [Video-assisted surgery for breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamaki, Yasuhiro; Yano, Kenji; Noguchi, Shinzaburo

    2010-07-01

    Video-assisted breast surgery has been developed since the middle of 1990s mainly in Japan, and brought better cosmetic outcome to patients who underwent breast conserving surgery. It can shorten surgical wounds and move them to inconspicuous areas, such as the areola and axilla. However, postoperative breast deformity is a serious problem for patients with breast conserving surgery, which cannot be relieved only by shortening or moving the surgical wound. For such patients, combination of video-assisted surgery and immediate breast reconstruction will be the best way to achieve both curability and good cosmetic outcome. For successful surgery, it is important to judge the adequate resection area and chose appropriate reconstruction method based on tumor size, location, patient's backgrounds and their preference.

  11. Hand-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for pulmonary metastasectomy through sternocostal triangle access: superiority in detection of non-imaged pulmonary nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Long; Long, Jiang; YongBin, Lin; DongRong, Situ; Yan, Zheng; YiGong, Zhang; GuoWei, Ma

    2014-04-01

    Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for pulmonary metastasectomy through sternocostal triangle access allows manual palpation of both lungs, thus permitting effective treatment of lung metastases. In our research, 62 patients from November 2001 to January 2012 underwent our Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery procedures for pulmonary metastasectomy. Clinical data, including the number of pulmonary metastases determined by Computed Tomography/Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography, surgical findings and survival data of these patients were collected. We found that the median follow-up time was 23.7 months (range 2.4 to 85.6 months). 30 cases of them had post-operative recurrences and the median disease-free survival period was 27.4 months. For Computed Tomography scan, the overall sensitivity for proved metastases was 63% (115/182). 67 non-imaged malignant nodules were palpated and removed in 14 cases. For Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography scan, the overall sensitivity was 66% (79/120). 41 non-imaged malignant nodules were palpated and removed in 12 cases. This study show that the Hand-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery provides an easier way for routine bilateral pleural exploration, and thus is critical and effective in detection of non-imaged malignant pulmonary metastases, which might contribute to long-term disease-free survival.

  12. A meta-analysis of video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication versus open thoracotomy decortication for patients with empyema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Hui; He, Jiaxi; Shen, Jianfei; Jiang, Long; Liang, Wenhua; He, Jianxing

    2017-07-01

    Thoracic pleural empyema is a collection of pus within a thoracic cavity. In stage 2 (fibrinopurulent) and stage 3 (organizational), decortication is the only choice. But there is no consensus on whether to choose video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication (VATD) or open thoracotomy decortication (OTD). We sought to answer this question by performing a meta-analysis. Six electronic databases were searched. Primary outcomes were operative time, postoperative hospital stay, prolonged air leak, chest tube duration, relapse rate, morbidity and mortality. Review Manager (RevMan) [Computer program]. Version 5.2, 2014 was used to pool the data. Subgroup analysis and publication bias analysis were also conducted. The operative time [mean difference -36.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), -60.96 to -12.82; P=0.003], postoperative hospital stay (mean difference -2.41; 95% CI, -3.74 to -1.09; P=0.0004), prolonged air leak (9.7% vs. 17.1%; RR 0.56; 95% CI, 0.33 to 0.94; P=0.03), chest tube duration (mean difference -1.52; 95% CI, -2.55 to -0.48; P=0.004), morbidity (16.4% vs. 24.5%; RR 0.62; 95% CI, 0.44 to 0.88; P=0.007) and mortality (4.1% vs. 6.2%; RR 0.47; 95% CI, 0.26 to 0.86; P=0.01) of VATD were statistically less than the OTD. In terms of relapse rate, there was no statistical significance between two surgical approaches (7.2% vs. 4.2%; RRN1.28; 95% CI, 0.39 to 4.15; P=0.68). The present study summarized and compared the clinical outcomes of VATD versus OTD for the empyema patients. The current data showed that VATD might be comparable or even better than OTD in terms of operative time, postoperative hospital stay, chest tube duration, prolonged air leak rate, morbidity and mortality. But referring to the relapse rate, there was no statistical significance. The results from analysis was subject bias because of prospective randomized studies were not selected. However, VATD could be implemented safely as first-line management for most of empyema.

  13. Impact of artificial capnothorax on coagulation in patients during video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Qing-Xiang; Guo, Wei; Huang, Bing-Qiang; Yan, Hong

    2016-07-01

    Compared with the lung isolation using double-lumen endobronchial tube intubation, the artificial capnothorax using single-lumen endotracheal tube intubation has shown to be a safe, more convenient, and cost-effective procedure for thoracoscopic esophagectomy. However, the impact of capnothorax on coagulation is not well defined. Herein, we evaluate the impact of a capnothorax on coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients who undergoing thoracoscopic esophagectomy. Between March 2014 and August 2014, 24 patients underwent thoracoscopic esophagectomies for esophageal cancer with the procedure of artificial capnothorax (group P); we also performed 24 thoracoscopic esophagectomy cases without using capnothorax (group N). The demographics and arterial blood gas, as well as the parameters of coagulation and fibrinolysis, of the two groups were analyzed. The pH value of group P after CO2 insufflation was significantly lower than in group N (P  0.05). Artificial capnothorax in patients receiving endoscopic resection of esophageal carcinoma had a significant impact on coagulation. These patients showed significant impairments in coagulation not observed in patients without artificial capnothorax.

  14. Imaging-guided thoracoscopic resection of a ground-glass opacity lesion in a hybrid operating room equipped with a robotic C-arm CT system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsieh, Chen-Ping; Hsieh, Ming-Ju; Fang, Hsin-Yueh; Chao, Yin-Kai

    2017-05-01

    The intraoperative identification of small pulmonary nodules through video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery remains challenging. Although preoperative CT-guided nodule localization is commonly used to detect tumors during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), this approach carries inherent risks. We report the case of a patient with stage I lung cancer presenting as an area of ground-glass opacity (GGO) in the right upper pulmonary lobe. He successfully underwent a single-stage, CT-guided localization and removal of the pulmonary nodule within a hybrid operating room (OR) equipped with a robotic C-arm.

  15. Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic right upper sleeve lobectomy and tracheoplasty in a 10-year-old patient

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Marin, Jessica Correa; Granados, Juan Pablo Ovalle; Llano, Juan David Urrea; Cañas, Sonia Roque; Arqueta, Alonso Oviedo; de la Torre, Mercedes

    2016-01-01

    Tracheobronchial pediatric tumors are very rare and procedures like pneumonectomy are seldomly indicated due to the associated morbidity. If a surgical approach is considered, the ideal oncological technique would be the minimally invasive sleeve resection, allowing preservation of lung parenchyma (very important in pediatric patients). Here we present the first report of a thoracoscopic right upper tracheo-bronchial sleeve lobectomy in a pediatric patient. A 10-year-old female patient, who r...

  16. Thoracoscopic sympathectomy ganglia ablation in the management ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thoracoscopic sympathectomy ganglia ablation in the management of palmer hyperhidrosis: A decade experience in a single institution. D Kravarusic, E Freud. Abstract. Background: Hyperhidrosis can cause significant professional and social handicaps. Surgery is the preferred treatment modality for hyperhidrosis.

  17. [Airway pressure monitoring by the continuous flow method in paediatric thoracoscopic surgery. A study in an animal model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Montoto, F; Martín-Cancho, M F; Carrasco-Jiménez, M S; Soria, F; Lima, J R; Sánchez-Margallo, F M

    2012-01-01

    To compare the airway pressures obtained before the endotracheal tube with the intratracheal ones in the continuous flow ventilation mode, in thoracoscopic surgery for one lung ventilation, in a paediatric model in animals. A simple prospective observational study was conducted. Ten Large White pigs weighing 4.6 ± 0.8 kg were used. The animals were ventilated in neonatal mode (continuous flow) with a Temel Supra ventilator. Using tracheotomy, we completely sealed the respiratory system in order to use tubes without special endotracheal cuffs, which would enable tracheal pressures to be registered without interfering with ventilation. Collapse of the right lung was performed by videothoracoscopy and was maintained for 120 min. The variables were measured at 10 time periods: start and 5 min with both lungs, after collapse at 5, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min, and 5 and 15 min after lung re-expansion. We recorded the baseline, peak, plateau and positive end expiratory pressure in the mouth of the animal and intratracheal. The mean peak pressure in the mouth of the animal in one lung ventilation was 23.38 mmHg and tracheal ventilation was 21.24 mmHg, while the mean plateau pressure in the mouth of the animal in one lung ventilation it was 21.88 mmHg and tracheal was 21.39 mmHg, respectively, with significant differences in all of them (P<.05). We found statistically significant differences (P<.05) for peak and plateau pressure on comparing the record in the animal mouth with the tracheal record. The difference in absolute value was higher for the peak pressure record. The pressure parameters recorded in the animal mouth were acceptable for surgery, with a suitable respiratory and haemodynamic stability being maintained. We can state that the continuous flow mode according to the pressures study may be suitable for this type of surgery, and that the mouth of the animal (patient) record for the peak pressure does not reflect what really happens in the alveoli, but we can

  18. Applications of Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery for the Diagnosis and Treatment 
of Patients with Small Pulmonary Nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liqun SHAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Chest computed tomography (CT, particularly thin-slice high resolution CT, has low sensitivity and specificity for detecting pulmonary nodules <10 mm in size. This limitation leads to challenges in clinical diagnosis and treatment of small pulmonary nodules. This study introduces the use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS for the diagnosis and treatment of small pulmonary nodules. Methods From November 2009 to May 2012, 64 patients with small pulmonary nodules without prior preoperative pathologic diagnosis were treated by pulmonary wedge resection through VATS. The diagnosis of small pulmonary nodules was established from rapid frozen section. The type of operation depends on the pathology and the condition of the patients. Twenty patients with primary lung cancer were subjected to lobectomy and radical resection of the lymph nodes by complete thoracospic lobectomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic invasive lobectomy. Pulmonary wedge resection was performed in 44 patients, among whom 21 have benign nodule, 18 have precancerous lesion, 3 have metastatic nodule, and 2 have primary lung cancer for which lobectomy was not fit. Results Confirmative diagnosis is difficult to obtain among patients with small pulmonary nodules. VATS is effective in the diagnosis and treatment of small pulmonary nodules. With VATS, patients with benign small pulmonary nodules can be cured, and patients with primary lung cancer can receive definite diagnosis and effective treatment in time. Conclusion CT-guided hook-wire fixation is useful in precise lesion localization for surgical resection.

  19. Compression evaluation of surgery video recordings retaining diagnostic credibility (compression evaluation of surgery video)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duplaga, M.; Leszczuk, M. I.; Papir, Z.; Przelaskowski, A.

    2008-12-01

    Wider dissemination of medical digital video libraries is affected by two correlated factors, resource effective content compression that directly influences its diagnostic credibility. It has been proved that it is possible to meet these contradictory requirements halfway for long-lasting and low motion surgery recordings at compression ratios close to 100 (bronchoscopic procedures were a case study investigated). As the main supporting assumption, it has been accepted that the content can be compressed as far as clinicians are not able to sense a loss of video diagnostic fidelity (a visually lossless compression). Different market codecs were inspected by means of the combined subjective and objective tests toward their usability in medical video libraries. Subjective tests involved a panel of clinicians who had to classify compressed bronchoscopic video content according to its quality under the bubble sort algorithm. For objective tests, two metrics (hybrid vector measure and hosaka Plots) were calculated frame by frame and averaged over a whole sequence.

  20. Novel thoracoscopic approach to posterior mediastinal goiters: report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strother Eric

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Trans-cervical resection of posterior mediastinal goiters is usually very difficult, requiring a high thoracotomy. Until recently, using conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery to resect such tumors has been technically difficult and unsafe. By virtue of 3 dimensional visualization, greater dexterity, and more accurate dissection, the Da Vinci robot, for the first time, enables a completely minimally invasive approach to the posterior superior mediastinum.

  1. Lung cancer screening and video-assisted thoracic surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, René Horsleben; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Dirksen, Asger

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study is to report the impact of computed tomography (CT) screening on the use of Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) in a randomized screening trial.......The objective of this study is to report the impact of computed tomography (CT) screening on the use of Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) in a randomized screening trial....

  2. Single- and double-lung ventilation in infants and children undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dingemann, Carmen; Zoeller, Christoph; Bataineh, Ziad; Osthaus, Alexander; Suempelmann, Robert; Ure, Benno

    2013-02-01

    Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has gained wide acceptance for the pediatric population. Single-lung ventilation (SLV) has been suggested for thoracoscopic lung resection to provide better surgical exposure, but its role and sequelae compared with double-lung ventilation (DLV) have not been determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effects of SLV and DLV in infants and children undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection. Written informed consent from all guardians for anonymized data analysis and approval by the Institutional Review Board were obtained. A retrospective study on a consecutive series of infants and children who underwent thoracoscopic lung resection during an 11 years period was performed. SLV was selected mainly in lesions localized in the upper, middle, and/or central lung for reasons of surgical exposure. Patients with lower lobe lesions and those who underwent atypical resections were preferably operated under DLV. End points were conversion rate, duration of postoperative ventilation, and perioperative complications, such as, atelectasis or pneumonia. Of 114 pediatric patients (58 female and 56 male; ratio 1.04:1) with a mean age of 7.1 years (3 days to 18.1 years), 62 patients underwent DLV and 52 patients underwent SLV for thoracoscopic lung resection. There were no significant differences between the two groups for conversion rate (DLV 8.1 vs. SLV 6.1%; p = 0.53), prompt extubation (DLV 50 vs. SLV 34.6%; p = 0.14), and postoperative atelectasis (DLV 35.5 vs. SLV 25%; p = 0.32). No major cardiorespiratory events, such as bleeding or pneumonia, were observed. No perioperative mortality occurred. This is the first study on safety, effectiveness, and outcome of SLV and DLV in pediatric patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection. Our data suggest that both SLV and DLV can be safely performed with similar low rate of surgical complications, when specific selection criteria are applied. Georg Thieme

  3. Acute thoracic empyema: Clinical characteristics and outcome analysis of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ke-Cheng Chen

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: Acute thoracic empyema carries a high mortality rate, especially in elderly patients with coexisting medical conditions and polymicrobial and positive bacterial cultures. Our study results also showed that thoracoscopy is feasible and might provide better chances for survival in borderline operable patients than nonoperative drainage.

  4. Catheter for Cleaning Surgical Optics During Surgical Procedures: A Possible Solution for Residue Buildup and Fogging in Video Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Abreu, Igor Renato Louro Bruno; Abrão, Fernando Conrado; Silva, Alessandra Rodrigues; Corrêa, Larissa Teresa Cirera; Younes, Riad Nain

    2015-05-01

    Currently, there is a tendency to perform surgical procedures via laparoscopic or thoracoscopic access. However, even with the impressive technological advancement in surgical materials, such as improvement in quality of monitors, light sources, and optical fibers, surgeons have to face simple problems that can greatly hinder surgery by video. One is the formation of "fog" or residue buildup on the lens, causing decreased visibility. Intracavitary techniques for cleaning surgical optics and preventing fog formation have been described; however, some of these techniques employ the use of expensive and complex devices designed solely for this purpose. Moreover, these techniques allow the cleaning of surgical optics when they becomes dirty, which does not prevent the accumulation of residue in the optics. To solve this problem we have designed a device that allows cleaning the optics with no surgical stops and prevents the fogging and residue accumulation. The objective of this study is to evaluate through experimental testing the effectiveness of a simple device that prevents the accumulation of residue and fogging of optics used in surgical procedures performed through thoracoscopic or laparoscopic access. Ex-vivo experiments were performed simulating the conditions of residue presence in surgical optics during a video surgery. The experiment consists in immersing the optics and catheter set connected to the IV line with crystalloid solution in three types of materials: blood, blood plus fat solution, and 200 mL of distilled water and 1 vial of methylene blue. The optics coupled to the device were immersed in 200 mL of each type of residue, repeating each immersion 10 times for each distinct residue for both thirty and zero degrees optics, totaling 420 experiments. A success rate of 98.1% was observed after the experiments, in these cases the device was able to clean and prevent the residue accumulation in the optics.

  5. Web-video-mining-supported workflow modeling for laparoscopic surgeries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rui; Zhang, Xiaoli; Zhang, Hao

    2016-11-01

    As quality assurance is of strong concern in advanced surgeries, intelligent surgical systems are expected to have knowledge such as the knowledge of the surgical workflow model (SWM) to support their intuitive cooperation with surgeons. For generating a robust and reliable SWM, a large amount of training data is required. However, training data collected by physically recording surgery operations is often limited and data collection is time-consuming and labor-intensive, severely influencing knowledge scalability of the surgical systems. The objective of this research is to solve the knowledge scalability problem in surgical workflow modeling with a low cost and labor efficient way. A novel web-video-mining-supported surgical workflow modeling (webSWM) method is developed. A novel video quality analysis method based on topic analysis and sentiment analysis techniques is developed to select high-quality videos from abundant and noisy web videos. A statistical learning method is then used to build the workflow model based on the selected videos. To test the effectiveness of the webSWM method, 250 web videos were mined to generate a surgical workflow for the robotic cholecystectomy surgery. The generated workflow was evaluated by 4 web-retrieved videos and 4 operation-room-recorded videos, respectively. The evaluation results (video selection consistency n-index ≥0.60; surgical workflow matching degree ≥0.84) proved the effectiveness of the webSWM method in generating robust and reliable SWM knowledge by mining web videos. With the webSWM method, abundant web videos were selected and a reliable SWM was modeled in a short time with low labor cost. Satisfied performances in mining web videos and learning surgery-related knowledge show that the webSWM method is promising in scaling knowledge for intelligent surgical systems. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery in Spontaneous Pneumothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvin SH Ng

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The proven safety and efficacy of minimal access video-assisted thoracic surgery has changed the way that spontaneous pneumothorax is managed. This review presents some of the experiences of the decade, discusses the controversies and reviews the current video-assisted thoracic surgical management of spontaneous pneumothorax.

  7. Current status of thoracoscopic surgery for thoracic and lumbar spine. Part 2: treatment of the thoracic disc hernia, spinal deformities, spinal tumors, infections and miscellaneous

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Verdú-López, Francisco; Beisse, Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    .... This second part reviews and discusses the management, treatment and specific thoracoscopic technique in thoracic disc herniation, spinal deformities, tumour pathology, infections of the spine...

  8. A High-Definition Video Teaching Module for Thyroidectomy Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamour, Amr F; Mendez, Adrian I; Harris, Jeffrey R; Biron, Vincent L; Seikaly, Hadi; Côté, David W J

    2017-08-02

    With the changing landscape of postgraduate surgical education to competency-based curricula, there emerges a need for alternative forms of training. Video teaching modules have been shown to be effective tools in surgical education, complementing traditional postgraduate curricula. There is a lack of validated modules described in the literature, specifically for teaching thyroidectomy. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a high definition video-based teaching module instructing thyroidectomy surgery to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery trainees. This prospective study included intermediate to senior Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residents. Each participant first performed a thyroid lobectomy, serving as the initial assessment. After a washout period of at least 3 weeks, each participant was given the teaching module. The 15-minute module was developed using a 3-camera system and detailed a step-by-step approach to the surgery. After exposure to the module, each trainee performed the same procedure. Recordings of both procedures were deidentified and reviewed by a blinded, independent evaluator. Scoring was done using the Observational Clinical Human Reliability Assessment (OCHRA) system. University of Alberta Hospital and Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. A total of 6 intermediate to senior Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residents entered and completed the study. The mean error rate was 8.8 errors per procedure before module exposure and 4.5 errors per procedure after exposure, representing a 49% decrease in error occurrence (p definition video teaching modules are a useful complement to traditional surgical training. In a climate where new innovations for teaching thyroid surgery are needed, properly constructed and validated video teaching modules can serve as important tools in supplementing traditional surgical training. Copyright © 2017 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by

  9. The benefits of being a video gamer in laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammut, Matthew; Sammut, Mark; Andrejevic, Predrag

    2017-09-01

    Video games are mainly considered to be of entertainment value in our society. Laparoscopic surgery and video games are activities similarly requiring eye-hand and visual-spatial skills. Previous studies have not conclusively shown a positive correlation between video game experience and improved ability to accomplish visual-spatial tasks in laparoscopic surgery. This study was an attempt to investigate this relationship. The aim of the study was to investigate whether previous video gaming experience affects the baseline performance on a laparoscopic simulator trainer. Newly qualified medical officers with minimal experience in laparoscopic surgery were invited to participate in the study and assigned to the following groups: gamers (n = 20) and non-gamers (n = 20). Analysis included participants' demographic data and baseline video gaming experience. Laparoscopic skills were assessed using a laparoscopic simulator trainer. There were no significant demographic differences between the two groups. Each participant performed three laparoscopic tasks and mean scores between the two groups were compared. The gamer group had statistically significant better results in maintaining the laparoscopic camera horizon ± 15° (p value = 0.009), in the complex ball manipulation accuracy rates (p value = 0.024) and completed the complex laparoscopic simulator task in a significantly shorter time period (p value = 0.001). Although prior video gaming experience correlated with better results, there were no significant differences for camera accuracy rates (p value = 0.074) and in a two-handed laparoscopic exercise task accuracy rates (p value = 0.092). The results show that previous video-gaming experience improved the baseline performance in laparoscopic simulator skills. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery Thymectomy Versus Sternotomy Thymectomy in Patients With Thymoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agatsuma, Hiroyuki; Yoshida, Kazuo; Yoshino, Ichiro; Okumura, Meinoshin; Higashiyama, Masahiko; Suzuki, Kenji; Tsuchida, Masanori; Usuda, Jitsuo; Niwa, Hiroshi

    2017-09-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and to compare the oncologic outcomes of VATS with those of sternotomy in patients with thymoma. The clinical outcomes of 2,835 patients with thymic epithelial tumors treated between 1991 and 2010 in 32 Japanese institutions were collected retrospectively. The study compared postoperative complications, positive surgical margins, location of recurrence, and survival in 140 of 142 VATS-treated patients (VATS group) matched with 140 of 1,294 sternotomy-treated patients (ST group) by using propensity scores. Postoperative complications were observed in 8 patients in the VATS group. The morbidity rate in the VATS group was not different from that of the ST group (p = 0.25). Positive surgical margins were noted in 4 patients (3 in the VATS group; 1 in the ST group). There was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence rate between groups (median follow-up period: 3.7 years in the VATS group; 5.2 years in the ST group). In total the most frequent site of recurrence was pleural dissemination. In the VATS group, the 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 93.8%, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 97.9%. There was no difference in the recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates between the VATS group and the ST group (p = 0.91 and p = 0.74, respectively). VATS thymectomy was feasible and comparable to sternotomy for the treatment of patients with thymoma with regard to morbidity, incomplete resection rate, and prognosis. However, additional follow-up is required to evaluate long-term outcomes. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Anesthetic management of robot-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anil Karlekar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Myasthenia gravis (MG is a rare disorder involving neuromuscular junction. In conjunction with medical therapy, thymectomy is a known modality of treatment of MG and has shown to increase the probability of remission and overall symptomatic improvement. For minimally invasive thymectomy, video-.assisted thoracoscopic surgery has been the preferred surgical approach till recently. The robotic surgical procedure must necessarily bring new challenges to the anesthesiologists to effectively meet the specific requirements of the technique. At present, there is a paucity of literature regarding the anesthetic concerns of robotic assisted thymectomy, patient in question specifically posed a challenge since different maneuvers and techniques had to be tried to obtain optimum surgical conditions with stable ventilatory and hemodynamic parameters. Concerns of patient positioning and hemodynamic monitoring have also been discussed.

  12. Video recording of ophthalmic surgery--ethical and legal considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnbull, Andrew M J; Emsley, Elizabeth S

    2014-01-01

    Video documenting is increasingly used in ophthalmic training and research, with many ophthalmologists routinely recording their surgical cases. Although this modality represents an excellent means of improving technique and advancing knowledge, there are major ethical and legal considerations with its use. Informed consent to record is required in most situations. Patients should be advised of any risk of identification and the purpose of the recording. Systems should be in place to deal with issues such as data storage, withdrawal of consent, and patients requesting copies of their recording. Privacy and security of neither patients nor health care professionals should be compromised. Ownership and distribution of video recordings, the potential for their use in medical litigation, the ethics and legality of editing and the impact on surgeon performance are other factors to consider. Although video recording of ophthalmic surgery is useful and technically simple to accomplish, patient safety and welfare must always remain paramount. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Advancement of thyroid surgery video recording: A comparison between two full HD head mounted video cameras.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortensi, Andrea; Panunzi, Andrea; Trombetta, Silvia; Cattaneo, Alberto; Sorrenti, Salvatore; D'Orazi, Valerio

    2017-05-01

    The aim of this study was to test two different video cameras and recording systems used in thyroid surgery in our Department. This is meant to be an attempt to record the real point of view of the magnified vision of surgeon, so as to make the viewer aware of the difference with the naked eye vision. In this retrospective study, we recorded and compared twenty thyroidectomies performed using loupes magnification and microsurgical technique: ten were recorded with GoPro® 4 Session action cam (commercially available) and ten with our new prototype of head mounted video camera. Settings were selected before surgery for both cameras. The recording time is about from 1 to 2 h for GoPro® and from 3 to 5 h for our prototype. The average time of preparation to fit the camera on the surgeon's head and set the functionality is about 5 min for GoPro® and 7-8 min for the prototype, mostly due to HDMI wiring cable. Videos recorded with the prototype require no further editing, which is mandatory for videos recorded with GoPro® to highlight the surgical details. the present study showed that our prototype of video camera, compared with GoPro® 4 Session, guarantees best results in terms of surgical video recording quality, provides to the viewer the exact perspective of the microsurgeon and shows accurately his magnified view through the loupes in thyroid surgery. These recordings are surgical aids for teaching and education and might be a method of self-analysis of surgical technique. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Is video-assisted thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication a widespread technique for diaphragmatic hernia in adults? Review of the literature and results of a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rombolá, Carlos A; Genovés Crespo, Marta; Tárraga López, Pedro J; García Jiménez, María Dolores; Honguero Martínez, Antonio F; León Atance, Pablo; Rodríguez Ortega, Claudia R; Triviño Ramírez, Ana; Rodríguez Montes, José Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Diaphragmatic plication is the most accepted treatment for symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia in adults. The fact that this pathology is infrequent and this procedure not been widespread means that this is an exceptional technique in our field. To estimate its use in the literature, we carried out a review in English and Spanish, to which we added our series. We found only six series that contribute 59 video-assisted mini-thoractomy for diaphragmatic plications in adults, and none in Spanish. Our series will be the second largest with 18 cases. Finally, we conducted a survey in all the Spanish Thoracic Surgery units in Spain: none reported more than 10 cases operated by thoracoscopy in the last 8 years (except our series) and most continue employing thoracotomy as the main approach. We believe that many patients with symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia could benefit from the use of such techniques. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  15. Single-incision versus conventional three-port video-assisted surgery in the treatment of pneumothorax: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yanlong; Dong, Junjie; Huang, Yunchao

    2016-11-01

    Single-incision thoracoscopic surgery (SITS) has been applied in the treatment of pneumothorax. To establish the feasibility of SITS in comparison with conventional three-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (3P-VATS), we conducted this meta-analysis. Relevant studies were searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, SpringerLink and ScienceDirect. Studies that compared the outcomes between SITS and 3P-VATS were included for analysis. Nine eligible studies with 768 participants were included. Our analysis indicates that when compared with 3P-VATS, SITS was associated with less postoperative pain (weight mean difference, WMD = -0.67, 95% confidence interval, CI = -1.11 to -0.22, P = 0.004 for postoperative pain at 24 h; WMD = -0.62, 95% CI = -1.11 to -0.12, P = 0.01 for postoperative pain at 72 h), lower paraesthesia rate (odds ratio, OR = 0.09, 95% CI = 0.04-0.21, P = 0.01) and shorter hospital stay (WMD = -0.34 days, 95% CI = -0.60 to -0.08, P = 0.01). No significant association was found in operative time, mean duration of chest tube, complications and recurrence rates. SITS was a safe and efficient procedure for the treatment of pneumothorax with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. The complication and recurrence rates were equivalent when compared with 3P-VATS. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  16. Magnetic anchoring guidance system in video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giaccone, Agnese; Solli, Piergiorgio; Bertolaccini, Luca

    2017-01-01

    The magnetic anchoring guidance system (MAGS) is one of the most promising technological innovations in minimally invasive surgery and consists in two magnetic elements matched through the abdominal or thoracic wall. The internal magnet can be inserted into the abdominal or chest cavity through a small single incision and then moved into position by manipulating the external component. In addition to a video camera system, the inner magnetic platform can house remotely controlled surgical tools thus reducing instruments fencing, a serious inconvenience of the uniportal access. The latest prototypes are equipped with self-light-emitting diode (LED) illumination and a wireless antenna for signal transmission and device controlling, which allows bypassing the obstacle of wires crossing the field of view (FOV). Despite being originally designed for laparoscopic surgery, the MAGS seems to suit optimally the characteristics of the chest wall and might meet the specific demands of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) surgery in terms of ergonomics, visualization and surgical performance; moreover, it involves less risks for the patients and an improved aesthetic outcome.

  17. Teaching video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrott, Philip W; Jones, David R

    2013-08-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become the standard of care for early stage lung cancer throughout the world. Teaching this complex procedure requires adequate case volume, adequate instrumentation, a committed operating room team and baseline experience with open lobectomy. We outline what key maneuvers and steps are required to teach and learn VATS lobectomy. This is most easily performed as part of a thoracic surgery training program, but with adequate commitment and proctoring, there is no reason experienced open surgeons cannot become proficient VATS surgeons. We provide videos showing the key portions of a subcarinal lymph node dissection, posterior hilar dissection of the right upper lobe, fissureless right middle lobectomy, and fissureless left lower lobectomy. These videos highlight what we feel are important principals in VATS lobectomy, i.e., N2 and N1 lymph node dissection, fissureless techniques, and progressive responsibility of the learner. Current literature in simulation of VATS lobectomy is also outlined as this will be the future of teaching in VATS lobectomy.

  18. Thoracoscopic Medial-Basal Segment Segmentectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Kimihiro; Nagashima, Toshiteru; Yajima, Toshiki; Ohtaki, Yoichi; Obayashi, Kai; Nakazawa, Seshiru; Kosaka, Takayuki; Mogi, Akira; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2017-11-01

    The technical details and anatomic features of medial-basal segment (S(7)) segmentectomy have not been reported. We report here thoracoscopic S(7) segmentectomy and S(7)a subsegmentectomy and explain the anatomic knowledge necessary to perform S(7) segmentectomy, especially the importance of recognizing bronchus (B(7)) branching patterns before surgery. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Thoracoscopic Subsuperior Segment Segmentectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimizu, Kimihiro; Mogi, Akira; Yajima, Toshiki; Nagashima, Toshiteru; Ohtaki, Yoichi; Obayashi, Kai; Nakazawa, Seshiru; Kosaka, Takayuki; Kuwano, Hiroyuki

    2017-11-01

    To date, anatomic subsuperior segment (S∗) segmentectomy has not yet been reported. Herein we report the technical details of thoracoscopic anatomic S∗ segmentectomy and the anatomic features of the S∗. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Video assisted resections. Increasing access to minimally invasive liver surgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Fabricio Ferreira; Perini, Marcos Vinícius; Kruger, Jaime Arthur Pirola; Lupinacci, Renato Micelli; Makdissi, Fábio Ferrari; D'Albuquerque, Luiz Augusto Carneiro; Cecconello, Ivan; Herman, Paulo

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate perioperative outcomes, safety and feasibility of video-assisted resection for primary and secondary liver lesions. From a prospective database, we analyzed the perioperative results (up to 90 days) of 25 consecutive patients undergoing video-assisted resections in the period between June 2007 and June 2013. The mean age was 53.4 years (23-73) and 16 (64%) patients were female. Of the total, 84% were suffering from malignant diseases. We performed 33 resections (1 to 4 nodules per patient). The procedures performed were non-anatomical resections (n = 26), segmentectomy (n = 1), 2/3 bisegmentectomy (n = 1), 6/7 bisegmentectomy (n = 1), left hepatectomy (n = 2) and right hepatectomy (n = 2). The procedures contemplated postero-superior segments in 66.7%, requiring multiple or larger resections. The average operating time was 226 minutes (80-420), and anesthesia time, 360 minutes (200-630). The average size of resected nodes was 3.2 cm (0.8 to 10) and the surgical margins were free in all the analyzed specimens. Eight percent of patients needed blood transfusion and no case was converted to open surgery. The length of stay was 6.5 days (3-16). Postoperative complications occurred in 20% of patients, with no perioperative mortality. The video-assisted liver resection is feasible and safe and should be part of the liver surgeon armamentarium for resection of primary and secondary liver lesions.

  1. Video assisted resections. Increasing access to minimally invasive liver surgery?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Ferreira Coelho

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate perioperative outcomes, safety and feasibility of video-assisted resection for primary and secondary liver lesions. Methods : From a prospective database, we analyzed the perioperative results (up to 90 days of 25 consecutive patients undergoing video-assisted resections in the period between June 2007 and June 2013. Results : The mean age was 53.4 years (23-73 and 16 (64% patients were female. Of the total, 84% were suffering from malignant diseases. We performed 33 resections (1 to 4 nodules per patient. The procedures performed were non-anatomical resections (n = 26, segmentectomy (n = 1, 2/3 bisegmentectomy (n = 1, 6/7 bisegmentectomy (n = 1, left hepatectomy (n = 2 and right hepatectomy (n = 2. The procedures contemplated postero-superior segments in 66.7%, requiring multiple or larger resections. The average operating time was 226 minutes (80-420, and anesthesia time, 360 minutes (200-630. The average size of resected nodes was 3.2 cm (0.8 to 10 and the surgical margins were free in all the analyzed specimens. Eight percent of patients needed blood transfusion and no case was converted to open surgery. The length of stay was 6.5 days (3-16. Postoperative complications occurred in 20% of patients, with no perioperative mortality. Conclusion : The video-assisted liver resection is feasible and safe and should be part of the liver surgeon armamentarium for resection of primary and secondary liver lesions.

  2. YouTube videos in the English language as a patient education resource for cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Steven S; Baxter, Stephanie

    2017-08-28

    To assess the quality of the content of YouTube videos for cataract surgery patient education. Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Observational study. "Cataract surgery," "cataract surgery for patients," and "cataract surgery patient education" were used as search terms. The first two pages of search results were reviewed. Descriptive statistics such as video length and view count were obtained. Two cataract surgeons devised 14 criteria important for educating patients about the procedure. Videos were analyzed based on the presence or absence of these criteria. Videos were also assessed for whether they had a primary commercial intent. Seventy-two videos were analyzed after excluding 48 videos that were duplicate, irrelevant, or not in English. The majority of videos came from a medical professional (71%) and many depicted a real cataract surgery procedure (43%). Twenty-one percent of the videos had a primary commercial intent to promote a practice or product. Out of a total possible 14 points, the mean number of usefulness criteria satisfied was only 2.28 ± 1.80. There was no significant difference in view count between the most useful videos and other videos (p = 0.94). Videos from medical organizations such as the National Health Service were more useful (p YouTube, but most are not adequately educational. Patients may be receiving biased information from videos created with primary commercial intent. Physicians should be aware of the type of information patients may be accessing on YouTube.

  3. [Video-assisted thoracic surgery, lung transplantation and mediastinitis: major issues in thoracic surgery in 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borro, José M; Moreno, Ramón; Gómez, Ana; Duque, José Luis

    2011-01-01

    We reviewed the major issues in thoracic surgery relating to the advances made in our specialty in 2010. To do this, the 43(rd) Congress of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery held in La Coruña and the articles published in the Society's journal, Archivos de Bronconeumología, were reviewed. The main areas of interest were related to the development of video-assisted thoracic surgery, lung transplantation and descending mediastinitis. The new tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification (7(th) edition), presented last year, was still a topical issue this year. The First Forum of Thoracic Surgeons and the Update in Thoracic Surgery together with the Nurses' Area have constituted an excellent teaching program. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torácica. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  4. Usefulness of robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osaka, Yoshiaki; Tachibana, Shingo; Ota, Yoshihiro; Suda, Takeshi; Makuuti, Yosuke; Watanabe, Takafumi; Iwasaki, Kenichi; Katsumata, Kenji; Tsuchida, Akihiko

    2018-02-03

    We started robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy using the da Vinci surgical system from June 2010 and operated on 30 cases by December 2013. Herein, we examined the usefulness of robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy and compared it with conventional esophagectomy by right thoracotomy. Patients requiring an invasion depth of up to the muscularis propria with preoperative diagnosis were considered for surgical adaptation, excluding bulky lymph node metastasis or salvage surgery cases. The outcomes of 30 patients who underwent robot-assisted surgery (robot group) and 30 patients who underwent conventional esophagectomy by right thoracotomy (thoracotomy group) up to December 2013 were retrospectively examined. Five ports were used in the robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy: 3rd intercostal (da Vinci right arm), 6th intercostal (da Vinci camera), 9th intercostal (da Vinci left arm), 4th and 8th intercostals (for assistance). There was no significant difference in patient characteristics. Robot group/right thoracotomy group: Operation time, 563/398 min; thoracic procedure bleeding volume, 21/135 ml; number of thoracic lymph node radical dissections, 25/23. Postoperative complications were recurrent nerve paralysis, 16.7/16.7%; pneumonia, 6.7%/10.0%; anastomotic leakage, 10.0/20.0%; surgical site infection, 0/10.0%; hospitalization, 17/30 days. For the robot group, the operation time was significantly longer, but the amount of intraoperative bleeding and postoperative hospitalization were significantly reduced. Robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy enables delicate surgical procedures owing to the 3D effect of the field of view and articulated forceps of the da Vinci. This procedure reduces bleeding and postoperative hospitalization and is less invasive than conventional esophagectomy by right thoracotomy.

  5. Development and validation of a theoretical test of proficiency for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savran, Mona M; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Horsleben Petersen, René

    2015-01-01

    with existing guidelines for multiple-choice questions (step 2). The experts rated the relevance of the items to confirm content validity in a modified Delphi approach (step 3). Finally, the test was administered to physicians, who were categorised into different experience levels based on their experience...

  6. Thoracoscopic management of thoracic duct injury: Is there a place for conservatism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar S

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracic duct injury is a rare but serious complication following chest surgeries and major neck dissections. Clinically, it can present as cervical chylous fistula, chylothorax or chylopericardium. Without treatment, the mortality is up to 50% and thus, early aggressive therapy is indicated. Traditional conservative management includes low-fat diet, parenteral nutrition, careful monitoring of fluid and electrolytes, and drainage of the neck wound or chylothorax. Patients with failed conservative management require definitive treatment in the form of ligation of the thoracic duct, which has traditionally been done by thoracotomy. The advent of Video-Assisted-Thoracoscopic-Surgery (VATS over the last decade has changed the approach towards the management of numerous chest diseases. Thoracoscopic ligation of the thoracic duct has also been reported. We report herein a case of postoperative cervical chylous fistula managed successfully by VATS thoracic duct ligation and present a systematic analysis of the English literature to highlight the current trends in the management of thoracic duct injury.

  7. Small pulmonary nodule localization with cone beam computed tomography during video-assisted thoracic surgery: a feasibility study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouzé, Simon; de Latour, Bertrand; Flécher, Erwan; Guihaire, Julien; Castro, Miguel; Corre, Romain; Haigron, Pascal; Verhoye, Jean-Philippe

    2016-06-01

    To describe a non-invasive guidance procedure, using intraoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and augmented fluoroscopy to guide lung resection during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Patients with solitary or multiple lung nodules between 5 and 20 mm in size were included. Under general anaesthesia, a moderate pneumothorax allowing the CBCT acquisition was first performed. Then a segmentation of the lesion was performed on a 3D reconstruction. A projection of this 3D reconstruction was then integrated into the digital workspace and automatically registered into the fluoroscopic images, creating an augmented fluoroscopy. The procedure was continued under classic video-thoracoscopic vision taking account of the augmented fluoroscopy to locate the targeted nodule. Eight patients were included (mean age 61 ± 11.7 years): 7 patients had an isolated lesion and 1 patient had two lesions (mean size 13.2 ± 5.1 mm). Their mean depth to the pleura was 21.4 ± 10.7 mm. Four patients underwent a wedge resection associated with lymph node resection. Two patients had an initial wedge resection followed by a complementary lobectomy associated with lymph node resection (primary lung tumour). One patient had a wedge resection in the upper lobe and a lobectomy of the inferior lobe associated with lymph node resection. One patient underwent a conversion and a bilobectomy due to vascular injury. The mean global operating time was 100.6 ± 36.7 min. All the nodules have been identified on the CBCT acquisitions. The segmentation of the lesion has been performed in all cases. We have been able to detect all the nodules and to successfully perform the resection in all cases owing to the augmented fluoroscopy. The mean fluoroscopic time was 134.2 ± 55.0 s. The mean imaging time, between the incision and the final nodule localization, was 11.8 ± 3.8 min. This paper is the first describing a clinical application of CBCT performed during thoracic surgery. Associated with

  8. A Comparative Study of Da Vinci Robot System with Video-assisted Thoracoscopy in the Surgical Treatment of Mediastinal Lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renquan DING

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective In recent years, Da Vinci robot system applied in the treatment of intrathoracic surgery mediastinal diseases become more mature. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical data about mediastinal lesions of General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region in the past 4 years, then to analyze the treatment effect and promising applications of da Vinci robot system in the surgical treatment of mediastinal lesions. Methods 203 cases of mediastinal lesions were collected from General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region between 2010 and 2013. These patients were divided into two groups da Vinci and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS according to the selection of the treatments. The time in surgery, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery, the period of bearing drainage tubes, hospital stays and hospitalization expense were then compared. Results All patients were successfully operated, the postoperative recovery is good and there is no perioperative death. The different of the time in surgery between two groups is Robots group 82 (20-320 min and thoracoscopic group 89 (35-360 min (P>0.05. The intraoperative blood loss between two groups is robot group 10 (1-100 mL and thoracoscopic group 50 (3-1,500 mL. The postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery between two groups is robot group 215 (0-2,220 mL and thoracoscopic group 350 (50-1,810 mL. The period of bearing drainage tubes after surgery between two groups is robot group 3 (0-10 d and thoracoscopic group: 5 (1-18 d. The difference of hospital stays between two groups is robot group 7 (2-15 d and thoracoscopic group 9 (2-50 d. The hospitalization expense between two groups is robot group (18,983.6±4,461.2 RMB and thoracoscopic group (9,351.9±2,076.3 RMB (All P<0.001. Conclusion The da Vinci robot system is safe and efficient in the treatment of mediastinal lesions compared with video

  9. Regional analgesia for video-assisted thoracic surgery – a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Julia Steinthorsdottir, Kristin; Wildgaard, Lorna; Jessen Hansen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is emerging as the standard surgical procedure for both minor and major oncologic lung surgery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) and paravertebral block (PVB) are established analgesic golden standards for open surgery such as thoracotomy; however there is ...

  10. Portal site metastasis after thoracoscopic resection of a cranial mediastinal mass in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alwen, Sarah G J; Culp, William T N; Szivek, Anna; Mayhew, Philipp D; Eckstrand, Christina D

    2015-10-01

    An 11-year-old castrated male Vizsla was evaluated for excision of a cranial mediastinal mass. The dog had a 1-month history of a cough that had recently increased in frequency. On physical examination, the dog had a grade 2/6 left systolic heart murmur and multiple subcutaneous masses. A soft tissue mass was observed in the cranioventral aspect of the thorax on radiographs. Results of a CT scan revealed a well-defined, 2.8 × 3.2 × 3.9-cm soft tissue mass in the cranial mediastinum. The dog underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic removal of the mediastinal mass and recovered routinely. Histologic examination of excised tissues revealed malignant thymoma. Approximately 6.5 months after surgery, the dog was evaluated because of polyuria, polydipsia, decreased appetite, and vomiting. On physical examination, masses were found in both axillary regions. Results of serum biochemical analysis indicated hypercalcemia. Thoracic ultrasonography revealed pulmonary metastases and a large mass in the right caudoventral region of the thorax. The dog received supportive care and medical treatment for hypercalcemia, but clinical signs recurred. Euthanasia was elected; necropsy and histologic examination revealed thymic carcinoma. Descriptions of the development of portal site metastasis in canine patients are rare. In this patient, portal site metastasis developed rapidly after thoracoscopic resection of a malignant thymic mass and was associated with hypercalcemia. As use of thoracoscopic procedures increases in veterinary medicine, it will be important to monitor the development of major complications such as those in the patient of this report.

  11. Implementing Real-Time Video Consultation in Plastic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westra, I; Niessen, F B

    2015-10-01

    The Dutch government, hospitals, and health insurance companies have agreed on concentrating all specialist care in a few expert centers. This should lead to lower healthcare costs, but might also cause less accessible healthcare for patients living at a considerable distance from expert centers. A way to overcome less accessible healthcare, while maintaining reduced costs of medical care, is by using telemedicine between physician and patient. In a randomized controlled trial, follow-up consultation between the patient and physician via a secured real-time video connection 6 weeks after plastic surgery of the face was compared to traditional in-person consultation after the same time interval. After the consultation, patients received an invite to fill in an online survey, which consisted of questionnaires assessing patient satisfaction (PSQ-18, TSQ) and communication experiences (PEQ), as well as questions about the time spent on different aspects of the consultations. Thirty-one patients participated. Overall satisfaction was equal for both groups, but a significant difference in the dimensions 'general satisfaction' (online consultation group more satisfied) and 'accessibility and convenience' (online consultation group less satisfied) was found. Patients reported significantly lower satisfaction in patient-physician communication in online consultation than in traditional in-person consultations. Patients were satisfied with the online consultation, and were willing to use the system again. Patients in the online consultation group experienced significantly less waiting time, and spent less time in total for the appointment. Overall patients are equally satisfied with traditional consultation or real-time video consultation in plastic surgery. Online consultation is found to be a time-saving alternative to traditional consultation. However, online consultation is perceived by some patients as a negative influence on communication with the physician. Dedicated

  12. COMPLICACIONES DE LA CIRUGÍA CARDÍACA VIDEO-ASISTIDA / Complications of video-assisted heart surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fausto L. Rodríguez Salgueiro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa cirugía cardiovascular video-asistida incluye procedimientos extremadamente complejos, como la revascularización miocárdica y las sustituciones valvulares, no exentos de complicaciones fácilmente prevenibles y tratables. En este artículo se discuten las complicaciones de la cirugía cardíaca video-asistida, propias de la posición del paciente: respiratorias, cardiovasculares, quirúrgicas, infecciosas, entre otras. La cirugía cardíaca video-asistida brinda al paciente innumerables ventajas e implica un riesgo potencial de complicaciones evitables. El desarrollo de estos procedimientos es posible gracias a los adelantos tecnológicos y al diseño de nuevas técnicas anestésicas, ventilatorias, farmacológicas y de monitorización.AbstractThe video-assisted cardiac surgery includes extremely complex procedures such as myocardial revascularization and valve replacements, which are not exempt from easily preventable and treatable complications. In this article, the complications of video-assisted cardiac surgery, typical of patient positioning: respiratory, cardiovascular, surgical, infectious, among other complications, are discussed. The video-assisted cardiac surgery offers many advantages to the patient and involves a potential risk of avoidable complications. The development of these procedures is possible thanks to technological advances and the design of new anesthetic, ventilatory, pharmacologic and monitoring techniques.

  13. Effectiveness of Single-Port Thoracoscopic Splanchnicectomy in Controlling Pain in Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis

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    Reza Bagheri

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic pancreatitis is defined as a persistent pancreatic inflammatory disease. In chronic pancreatitis, recurrent episodes of inflammation lead to the replacement of pancreatic parenchyma with fibrotic connective tissue. Chronic pancreatitis pain, which may initially mimic acute pancreatitis, is severe, frequent, and continual and has a major impact on the quality of life and social functioning of patients. The standard treatments for this disease are endoscopy, surgery, splanchnic nerve denervation, thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy (TS, and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS. Considering the advantages of the single-port method, we attempted to describe the post-treatment conditions of the patients undergoing this therapeutic approach.Materials & Methods: Ten chronic pancreatitis patients with severe resistant pain volunteered to enter the study. We recorded the data on patients’ age, gender, pre-operative pain level, surgical complications, and post-operative pain level (two weeks after surgery were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VATS was used for pain assessment and paired sample t-test was performed for statistical evaluation of response to the treatment for pain.Results: The participants included one female and nine male patients with the mean age of 53.3±0.8 years. The mean duration of severe pain before the onset of treatment was 13 months (range: 6 to 20 months. The pain level was determined 3 to 5 days before the operation and re-graded two weeks post-operation. Pre- and post-operative pain scores showed a significant reduction in the severity of pain before and after surgery (P

  14. The effectiveness of single port thoracoscopic approach in pleural effusions

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    Yasemin Bilgin Büyükkarabacak

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Currently, thoracoscopic procedures have been used frequently in diagnosis and treatment of pleural effusions. It was reported, high diagnosis and treatment success with thoracoscopy in pleural effusion, which was not, diagnosed using cytology and blinding pleural biopsy procedures. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate of the patient was performed video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS due to pleural effusion. Methods: Between 2011 and 2014 years, it was evaluated 52 patients was performed VATS because of pleural effusion. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia and single lung ventilation in 50 patients, and local anesthesia in 2 patients. Results: Histopathological results were reported as carcinoma infiltration in 29 patients, benign disease in 23 patients. Cytological examination of liquid was executed before thoracoscopy in all of the patients with malignity positive. In addition, in eight patients pleura biopsy, on which blinding was executed, evaluated as malignity negative. The diagnostic value of our procedure has 100% in malign group and 98% in benign group. In patients with malignant disease, pleurodesis was performed peroperatively. Mean hospital stay was 5 days (3-15. Mean duration of terminating chest tube was 3 days (3-15. There were no morbidity and mortality due to procedure. Conclusion: Single port VATS is an effective and safe procedure in diagnosis and palliative treatment of patient with pleural effusion, and it has high success rate and reduces hospital stay.

  15. Video Capture of Plastic Surgery Procedures Using the GoPro HERO 3+

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    Steven Nicholas Graves, MA

    2015-02-01

    Conclusions: The GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera enables high-quality, cost-effective video recording of plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures. When set to a narrow field of view and automatic white balance, the camera is able to sufficiently compensate for the contrasting light environment of the operating room and capture high-resolution, detailed video.

  16. Videotoracoscopia para remoção de corpo estranho da cavidade pleural Video-assisted thoracoscopic removal of foreign bodies from the pleural cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Antonio Marsico

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A videotoracoscopia é considerada um procedimento cirúrgico minimamente invasivo. É o procedimento de escolha para o tratamento de algumas doenças pulmonares e pleurais. Cada vez mais vem sendo empregada na fase aguda do trauma torácico. Outra indicação de seu uso, pouco descrita na literatura, é para a remoção de corpos estranhos intratorácicos retidos. Relatamos o uso da videotoracoscopia para a remoção de projéteis intrapleurais em dois pacientes hemodinamicamente estáveis nos quais a toracotomia foi evitada.Video-assisted thoracoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique. It is the procedure of choice for the treatment of certain lung and pleural diseases. It has been increasingly used in the acute phase of thoracic trauma. Another indication for its use, which is rarely described in the literature, is for the removal of retained intrathoracic foreign bodies. We report the cases of two hemodynamically stable gunshot victims in whom the bullet was removed from the pleural cavity through video-assisted thoracoscopy, thereby avoiding the need for thoracotomy.

  17. [A comparative study of Da Vinci robot system with video-assisted thoracoscopy in the surgical treatment of mediastinal lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Renquan; Tong, Xiangdong; Xu, Shiguang; Zhang, Dakun; Gao, Xin; Teng, Hong; Qu, Jiaqi; Wang, Shumin

    2014-07-20

    In recent years, Da Vinci robot system applied in the treatment of intrathoracic surgery mediastinal diseases become more mature. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical data about mediastinal lesions of General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region in the past 4 years, then to analyze the treatment effect and promising applications of da Vinci robot system in the surgical treatment of mediastinal lesions. 203 cases of mediastinal lesions were collected from General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region between 2010 and 2013. These patients were divided into two groups da Vinci and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) according to the selection of the treatments. The time in surgery, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery, the period of bearing drainage tubes, hospital stays and hospitalization expense were then compared. All patients were successfully operated, the postoperative recovery is good and there is no perioperative death. The different of the time in surgery between two groups is Robots group 82 (20-320) min and thoracoscopic group 89 (35-360) min (P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss between two groups is robot group 10 (1-100) mL and thoracoscopic group 50 (3-1,500) mL. The postoperative drainage amount within three days after surgery between two groups is robot group 215 (0-2,220) mL and thoracoscopic group 350 (50-1,810) mL. The period of bearing drainage tubes after surgery between two groups is robot group 3 (0-10) d and thoracoscopic group: 5 (1-18) d. The difference of hospital stays between two groups is robot group 7 (2-15) d and thoracoscopic group 9 (2-50) d. The hospitalization expense between two groups is robot group (18,983.6±4,461.2) RMB and thoracoscopic group (9,351.9±2,076.3) RMB (All Pvideo-assisted thoracoscopic approach, even though its expense is higher.

  18. The Reliability of Bariatric Surgery Videos in YouTube Platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdem, Hasan; Sisik, Abdullah

    2017-09-05

    The growing number of bariatric surgery videos shared on YouTube highlights the need for content and quality assessment. The aim of this study was to answer the question 'Is watching these videos useful to surgeons and patients?' YouTube was searched using the keywords 'obesity surgery', 'bariatric surgery' and 'weight loss surgery', and 100 videos retrieved using each keyword were classified based on their 'usefulness score' as very useful, useful and not useful. Video content; source; length and number of views, likes and dislikes were recorded. Upload sources included doctors or hospitals (DH), medical web sites or TV channels (MW), commercial web sites (CW) or civilians (CI). Between-group differences were compared. Of the 300 videos watched, 175 were included in the study; 53.7% were useful and 24.6% were very useful. There were no between-group differences in the number of likes (p = 0.480), dislikes (p = 0.592) and views (p = 0.104). Most videos were uploaded by MW and DH, also with no significant differences in the number of likes (p = 0.35), dislikes (p = 0.14) and views (p = 0.93). No videos were found with misleading information. The popularity of bariatric surgery and interest of both patients and surgeons are increasing daily. Although videos on bariatric surgery on YouTube may be more useful than those on other surgical procedures, it is important that the videos are uploaded by medical professionals and that specific upload and retrieval filters are applied.

  19. Thoracoscopic excision of mediastinal cysts in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Prashant

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Thoracoscopy offers great advantages when compared with open surgery in terms of postoperative pain and pulmonary complications. Considering the benign nature of most of the mediastinal cysts, thoracoscopy is safe and feasible with minimal morbidity. The purpose of this article is to review our experience with four cases of mediastinal cysts resected successfully within a period of one year by thoracoscopy. Materials and Methods:The cases of mediastinal cysts operated by thoracoscopic excision in K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai from November 2005 to December 2006 were reviewed. The age varied from six months to 10 years. The patients presented with respiratory distress or recurrent lower respiratory tract infection. All patients underwent Chest X-ray and CT scan thorax to delineate the location of the cyst and its relationship with adjacent vital structures. Two patients had anterior and two had posterior mediastinal cyst. The ports were placed depending on the location of the cyst on the CT scan, following the principles of triangularization. The cysts were excised mainly by blunt dissection. Results: All the patients were successfully managed by thoracoscopic surgery. None of them had intraoperative complications. Dissection in patient with history of recurrent respiratory tract infection was difficult because of adhesions. Intercostal drain was removed within 48hrs and the patients were discharged on the fourth postoperative day. Conclusions: Thoracoscopy in mediastinal cysts is a safe and effective procedure with low morbidity and a shorter hospital stay.

  20. Simulation-based training for thoracoscopic lobectomy: a randomized controlled trial: virtual-reality versus black-box simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Katrine; Ringsted, Charlotte; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Petersen, René Horsleben; Konge, Lars

    2014-06-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery is gradually replacing conventional open thoracotomy as the method of choice for the treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancers, and thoracic surgical trainees must learn and master this technique. Simulation-based training could help trainees overcome the first part of the learning curve, but no virtual-reality simulators for thoracoscopy are commercially available. This study aimed to investigate whether training on a laparoscopic simulator enables trainees to perform a thoracoscopic lobectomy. Twenty-eight surgical residents were randomized to either virtual-reality training on a nephrectomy module or traditional black-box simulator training. After a retention period they performed a thoracoscopic lobectomy on a porcine model and their performance was scored using a previously validated assessment tool. The groups did not differ in age or gender. All participants were able to complete the lobectomy. The performance of the black-box group was significantly faster during the test scenario than the virtual-reality group: 26.6 min (SD 6.7 min) versus 32.7 min (SD 7.5 min). No difference existed between the two groups when comparing bleeding and anatomical and non-anatomical errors. Simulation-based training and targeted instructions enabled the trainees to perform a simulated thoracoscopic lobectomy. Traditional black-box training was more effective than virtual-reality laparoscopy training. Thus, a dedicated simulator for thoracoscopy should be available before establishing systematic virtual-reality training programs for trainees in thoracic surgery.

  1. Video-Based Surgical Learning: Improving Trainee Education and Preparation for Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Paulo; Carvalho, Nuno; Carvalho-Dias, Emanuel; João Costa, Manuel; Correia-Pinto, Jorge; Lima, Estevão

    2017-10-11

    Since the end of the XIX century, teaching of surgery has remained practically unaltered until now. With the dawn of video-assisted laparoscopy, surgery has faced new technical and learning challenges. Due to technological advances, from Internet access to portable electronic devices, the use of online resources is part of the educational armamentarium. In this respect, videos have already proven to be effective and useful, however the best way to benefit from these tools is still not clearly defined. To assess the importance of video-based learning, using an electronic questionnaire applied to residents and specialists of different surgical fields. Importance of video-based learning was assessed in a sample of 141 subjects, using a questionnaire distributed by a GoogleDoc online form. We found that 98.6% of the respondents have already used videos to prepare for surgery. When comparing video sources by formation status, residents were found to use Youtube significantly more often than specialists (p didactic illustrations and procedure narration than specialists (p < 0.001). On the other hand, specialists prized surgeon's technical skill and the presence of tips and tricks much more than residents (p < 0.001). Video-based learning is currently a hallmark of surgical preparation among residents and specialists working in Portugal. Based on these findings we believe that the creation of quality and scientifically accurate videos, and subsequent compilation in available video-libraries appears to be the future landscape for video-based learning. Copyright © 2017 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Noninvasive monitoring of PaCO2 during one-lung ventilation and minimal access surgery in adults: End-tidal versus transcutaneous techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Paul; Joseph D Tobias

    2007-01-01

    Background: Previous studies have suggested that end-tidal CO2 (ET-CO2) may be inaccurate during one-lung ventilation (OLV). This study was performed to compare the accuracy of the noninvasive monitoring of PCO2 using transcutaneous CO2 (TC-CO2) with ET-CO2 in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) during OLV. Materials and Methods: In adult patients undergoing thoracoscopic surgical procedures, PCO2 was simultaneously measured with TC-CO2 and ET-CO2 devices and compa...

  3. Systematic Video Documentation in Laparoscopic Colon Surgery Using a Checklist: A Feasibility and Compliance Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Mahoney, Paul R A; Trencheva, Koiana; Zhuo, Changhua; Shukla, Parul J; Lee, Sang W; Sonoda, Toyooki; Milsom, Jeffrey W

    2015-09-01

    High-quality images can be readily captured during laparoscopic colon surgery, but there are no guidelines for documentation of these video data or how to best measure surgical quality from an operative video. This study evaluates the feasibility and compliance in documenting key steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy. A retrospective review of previously recorded videos of patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy or sigmoid colectomy from September to December 2011 in a single institution was performed. Patients' demographics, intraoperative features, postoperative complications, and variables for video recording and editing were collected. Compliance of key surgical steps was assessed using a checklist by two independent surgeons. Sixteen laparoscopic operations (seven right hemicolectomies and nine sigmoid colectomies) were recorded. Twelve (75%) were laparoscopic-assisted, and four (25%) were hand-assisted laparoscopic operations. Compliance with key surgical steps in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy was demonstrated in the majority of patients, with steps ranging in compliance from 42.9% to 100% and from 77.8% to 100%, respectively. The edited video had a median duration of 3 minutes 47 seconds (range, 1 minute 44 seconds-5 minutes 38 seconds) with a production time of nearly 1 hour and a resolution of 1440 × 1080 pixels. Key surgical steps during laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and sigmoid colectomy can be documented and edited into a short representative video. Standardization of this process should allow video documentation to improve quality in laparoscopic colon surgery.

  4. Optimal Respiratory Rate for Low-Tidal Volume and Two-Lung Ventilation in Thoracoscopic Bleb Resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Kyu; Kim, Hyun Koo; Lee, Kanghoon; Choi, Young Ho; Lim, Sang Ho; Kim, Heezoo

    2015-08-01

    One-lung ventilation is considered to be mandatory in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. However, the authors showed in a previous report that two-lung ventilation with low tidal volume is feasible in thoracoscopic bleb resection (TBR). In this study, they evaluated optimal respiratory rate during TBR under two-lung ventilation with low-tidal volume anesthesia. A prospective, randomized, single-blinded intervention study. An operating room in a teaching hospital. Forty-eight patients who underwent scheduled TBR under general anesthesia. TBR was performed under low-tidal-volume (5 mL/kg), two-lung ventilation. Respiratory rate (RR) varied according to the protocol: 15 (group I), 18 (group II), and 22 cycles/min (group III). Using block randomization method, 16 patients were assigned to each of 3 groups. Minute ventilation of group I was lowered significantly compared with the other groups (plung ventilation did not produce abnormal physiologic changes including arterial pH, partial arterial oxygen pressure, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide and guaranteed an optimal surgical field. Therefore, these setting are considered acceptable for two-lung ventilation during TBR. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Patient education videos for elective colorectal surgery: results of a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihedioha, U; Vaughan, S; Mastermann, J; Singh, B; Chaudhri, S

    2013-11-01

    Recent advances in surgery have focused on peri-operative care and interventions to improve outcome following surgery. Psychological preparation has a positive impact on recovery and incorporates a range of strategies with dissemination of information as one of the key elements. Information can be given verbally, through printed information or through use of a video. Traditionally, reliance has been on the use of written material as an adjunct to patient education in clinic. The current study is a randomized trial on the use of video education in patients undergoing elective colorectal resection within an enhanced recovery programme. Sixty-five eligible patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were identified and 61 were randomized between August 2010 and August 2011 to either video and information leaflets or information leaflets alone. A fast track protocol was established for all the patients. Clinicians in charge of postoperative recovery were blinded. Standard discharge criteria were employed for all patients. Of 61 patients randomized, one dropped out and outcomes on 60 were analysed. There was no difference in baseline characteristics between the groups (age, P = 0.964; body mass index, P = 0.829). Twenty-eight (91%) patients in the video group had left sided resections while two (6%) had right sided resections. Nineteen (66%) in the non-video group had left sided resections while nine (31%) had right sided resections. One (3%) patient in the non-video group and one (3%) in the video group had a total colectomy. Fourteen (45%) patients in the video group and 12 (41%) in the non-video group had surgery completed laparoscopically. There was no difference in the primary (median hospital stay 5 vs 5 days; P = 0.239) or the secondary outcome measures (pain score on movement, P = 0.338; pain score at rest, P = 0.989; nausea score, P = 0.74; epidural use, P = 0.984; paracetamol use, P = 0.44; voltarol use, P = 0.506) between the groups. Use of video

  6. A lateral costal artery complicating video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) pleurectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smelt, Jeremy L C; Toufektzian, Levon; Pilling, John; Routledge, Tom

    2016-12-09

    The lateral costal artery is a rare variant arising from the internal thoracic artery (ITA). It has been associated with steel syndrome after coronary artery bypass using the ITA as a conduit. Clinically, it is under-reported in the literature. We report the presence of a prominent lateral costal artery, coursing below the diaphragm, discovered during video-assisted thorascopic surgery pneumothorax surgery and preventing parietal pleurectomy.

  7. Improving Resident Performance in Oculoplastic Surgery: A New Curriculum Using Surgical Wet Laboratory Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Kapil; Mathai, Mariam; Della Rocca, Robert C; Reddy, Harsha S

    To develop a new oculoplastic curriculum that incorporates learning theory of skill acquisition. To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of instructional videos for an oculoplastic surgical wet laboratory. Proof of concept, randomized controlled trial. New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai-tertiary care academic institution. In total, 16 ophthalmology residents were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups and given either video and text or text instructions alone for the following 2 procedures: blepharoplasty and eyelid laceration repair. Operating time and esthetic result were measured, and the groups were statistically compared. A brief survey was administered. We developed a new 6 component oculoplastics curriculum that incorporates concepts of the Fitts and Posner skill acquisition model and mental imagery. In the wet laboratory pilot study, the group that watched the video of the laceration repair showed better esthetic grades than the group that received text alone (p = 0.038). This difference was not found for the blepharoplasty (p = 0.492). There was no difference between groups in operating time for the laceration repair (p = 0.722), but the group that watched the blepharoplasty video required more time to complete the task than those that reviewed text only (p = 0.023). In total, 100% of residents reported the videos augmented their learning. Methods to optimize surgical education are important given limited operating room time in oculoplastics, a subspecialty in which the number of surgeries performed during residency is relatively low. We developed a curriculum based on learning theory and sought to formally test one important aspect, surgical video for wet laboratories. Our pilot study, despite its limitations, showed that wet laboratory surgical videos can be effective tools in improving motor skill acquisition for oculoplastic surgery. Copyright © 2017 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Video game as a preoperative warm-up for laparoscopic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Korkes

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of video game as warm-up before dry-lab laparoscopic activities. Methods: Eleven medical students participated in this prospective randomized crossover study. Students were divided into two groups. Students in Group 1 had to execute an interrupted suture with the dominant hand using a standardized technique (non-video game group. Students in Group 2 performed the same suture, but after playing a video game match (video game group. After this initial task, groups were crossed. The time spent to complete each task was recorded, and the participants and observers had to judge the performance for each laparoscopic exercise. These variables were used as a measure of performance. Rresults: Mean time for laparoscopic surgery in this subset of inexperienced laparoscopic students was similar between non-video game versus video game groups (254.6 ± 187.7 versus 255.8 ± 183.6; p = 0.875. Subjective impression of observers regarding students’ performance was also similar (p = 0.662, but subjective impression of the participant about his own performance was different between both groups, with 64.7 versus 20.0% of participants that considered their performance good for video game versus non-video game groups (p = 0.044. Cconclusions: In conclusion, video games used as warm-up for laparoscopic practice seem to make inexperienced surgeons more confident and comfortable with the procedures, even though objective measures, as operative time and observers’ impression of surgeons’ performance do not seem to be affected by video game warm-up.

  9. Wireless live streaming video of laparoscopic surgery: a bandwidth analysis for handheld computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandsas, Alex; McIntire, Katherine; George, Ivan M; Witzke, Wayne; Hoskins, James D; Park, Adrian

    2002-01-01

    Over the last six years, streaming media has emerged as a powerful tool for delivering multimedia content over networks. Concurrently, wireless technology has evolved, freeing users from desktop boundaries and wired infrastructures. At the University of Kentucky Medical Center, we have integrated these technologies to develop a system that can wirelessly transmit live surgery from the operating room to a handheld computer. This study establishes the feasibility of using our system to view surgeries and describes the effect of bandwidth on image quality. A live laparoscopic ventral hernia repair was transmitted to a single handheld computer using five encoding speeds at a constant frame rate, and the quality of the resulting streaming images was evaluated. No video images were rendered when video data were encoded at 28.8 kilobytes per second (Kbps), the slowest encoding bitrate studied. The highest quality images were rendered at encoding speeds greater than or equal to 150 Kbps. Of note, a 15 second transmission delay was experienced using all four encoding schemes that rendered video images. We believe that the wireless transmission of streaming video to handheld computers has tremendous potential to enhance surgical education. For medical students and residents, the ability to view live surgeries, lectures, courses and seminars on handheld computers means a larger number of learning opportunities. In addition, we envision that wireless enabled devices may be used to telemonitor surgical procedures. However, bandwidth availability and streaming delay are major issues that must be addressed before wireless telementoring becomes a reality.

  10. Timely thoracoscopic decortication promotes the recovery of paediatric parapneumonic empyema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, C T; Fung, C H; Wong, K K Y; Tam, P

    2015-07-01

    Parapneumonic empyema is one of the most commonly encountered yet difficult to manage paediatric thoracic conditions. Conservative treatment with chest tube drainage and fibrinolytic agents had been proposed but operative decortication remains the gold standard for refractory cases. Thoracoscopic decortication has been advocated in recent years due to its superiority in terms of post-operative pain, cosmesis and other long-term results. However, few studies investigated the effect of timing on peri-operative outcomes. This study aims to explore the benefits of early decortication. Retrospective study of all patients who underwent thoracoscopic decortication between 1999 and 2013 at a tertiary referral centre was performed. Data were extracted from respective medical records. Patients' demographics, peri-operative outcomes, length of hospitalization and post-operative complications were analysed. A total of 28 patients were identified, 12 males and 16 females. Average age of patients was 4.5 years (range 12 months-14 years). Right-sided empyema was involved in 14 of the patients. Patients who underwent operation within 2 weeks from symptom onset (n = 16) showed significant shorter post-operative hospital stay (mean 9.5 vs 20.4 days, p = 0.003) and total hospitalization duration (mean 19.3 vs 38.8 days, p decortication for residual empyema. Thoracoscopic decortication is a safe and feasible procedure for parapneumonic empyema. Timely surgery is recommended as it promotes early recovery and shorter hospitalization.

  11. Quantitative sensory testing of persistent pain after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildgaard, Kim; Ringsted, TK; Hansen, HJ

    2011-01-01

    Background Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy may potentially reduce the risk of post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS). However, it may still carry a risk of intraoperative nerve damage and thereby development of PTPS. Thus, our aim was to present a detailed long-term neurophysiolog......Background Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy may potentially reduce the risk of post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS). However, it may still carry a risk of intraoperative nerve damage and thereby development of PTPS. Thus, our aim was to present a detailed long......- and hyperaesthesia to cool. Anxiety and depression scores (HADS) were higher in PTPS patients, but the area of hyper- and hypoaesthesia did not differ significantly between HADS groups. Conclusions Increased sensory thresholds suggest nerve injury to be present on the operated side in both PTPS and pain...

  12. Video Capture of Plastic Surgery Procedures Using the GoPro HERO 3+.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Steven Nicholas; Shenaq, Deana Saleh; Langerman, Alexander J; Song, David H

    2015-02-01

    Significant improvements can be made in recoding surgical procedures, particularly in capturing high-quality video recordings from the surgeons' point of view. This study examined the utility of the GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera for high-definition, point-of-view recordings of plastic and reconstructive surgery. The GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera was head-mounted on the surgeon and oriented to the surgeon's perspective using the GoPro App. The camera was used to record 4 cases: 2 fat graft procedures and 2 breast reconstructions. During cases 1-3, an assistant remotely controlled the GoPro via the GoPro App. For case 4 the GoPro was linked to a WiFi remote, and controlled by the surgeon. Camera settings for case 1 were as follows: 1080p video resolution; 48 fps; Protune mode on; wide field of view; 16:9 aspect ratio. The lighting contrast due to the overhead lights resulted in limited washout of the video image. Camera settings were adjusted for cases 2-4 to a narrow field of view, which enabled the camera's automatic white balance to better compensate for bright lights focused on the surgical field. Cases 2-4 captured video sufficient for teaching or presentation purposes. The GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera enables high-quality, cost-effective video recording of plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures. When set to a narrow field of view and automatic white balance, the camera is able to sufficiently compensate for the contrasting light environment of the operating room and capture high-resolution, detailed video.

  13. Thoracoscopic part of minimal invasive oesophagectomy in semiprone position: our initial experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakkar, Chirag M; Kumar, Alankar V; Soni, Harshad N; Shah, Atul J; Patel, Kantilal S; Haribhakti, Sanjiv P

    2014-08-01

    Surgical resection with curative intent is till the mainstay of treatment for resectable esophageal cancer. Minimal invasive oesophagectomy has the potential to lower morbidity and mortality. In all likelihood, thoracoscopic oesophagectomy in semiprone position gives all the benefits of prone position and can be converted to thoracotomy without change in patient position if needed. The aim of this study is to analyze the feasibility of thoracoscopic oesophagectomy in semiprone position. This is a retrospective analysis of the data of thoracoscopic oesophgeactomy in semiprone position at Kaizen Hospital, a tertiary care center for gastroenterology during the period of December 2011 to December 2012. All surgeries were performed under general anesthesia with a single-lumen endotracheal tube. Esophageal mobilization was done by thoracoscopic approach in a semiprone position and an end-to-end hand-sewn cervical anastomosis was done. Abdominal part was performed by laparoscopic method in 3 patients and by laparotomy in rest of the patients. Total of 12 patients were included in this study. There was 1 conversion to thoracotomy and 1 surgical mortality. Mean operating time for the thoracoscopic part was 103 minutes, mean estimated blood loss for the thoracoscopic part was 110 mL, mean maximum end-tidal CO2 38.5 mm Hg, mean lymph nodes retrieved 14, and all patients had R0 resection. The median intensive care unit stay was 1 day and hospital stay was 8 days. Thoracoscopic part of thoracolaparoscopic oesophagectomy in semiprone position is a feasible option. It gives all advantages of prone position and thoracotomy is possible without change in patient position. However, further large-scale studies are required.

  14. Use of low-cost video recording device in reflective practice in cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhogal, Maninder M; Angunawela, Romesh I; Little, Brian C

    2010-04-01

    Reflective surgical practice is invaluable for surgeons at all levels of experience. For trainees in particular, every surgical opportunity must be optimized for its learning potential. Recording and reviewing cataract surgery is an invaluable tool. We describe a video recording device that has the advantages of ease of use; low cost; portability; and ease of review, editing, and dissemination, all of which encourage regular use and reflective surgical practice. Copyright (c) 2010 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Thoracoscopic interruption of patent ductus arteriosus compromises cardiopulmonary function in newborn pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sielenkämper, A W; Meyer, J; Loick, H M; Hachenberg, T

    1998-11-01

    Interruption of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has recently been introduced into clinical practice. To study cardiovascular and pulmonary function during VATS, we treated 16 newborn pigs (weight 1421+/-44 g) with PDA with conventional surgical interruption (CSI; n = 7) or interruption via VATS (n = 9). Measurements of hemodynamics and gas exchange were performed before, during, and after surgery. Systemic perfusion was calculated using Fick's equation. Stress hormones (ACTH, epinephrine, and norepinephrine) were determined before and after surgery. The duration of the surgical procedure was 41+/-8 min for CSI and 49+/-9 min for VATS (mean+/-SEM). With VATS, PaO2 decreased during and after surgery (P < 0.05), whereas alveolar-arterial PO2 difference (PA-aO2) and PaCO2 were increased (P < 0.05). Compared with CSI after surgery, PaO2 with VATS was decreased (130+/-10 vs 171+/-12 mm Hg; P < 0.05). Systemic perfusion was lower during VATS (76.7% of baseline) than during CSI (107% of baseline; P < 0.05). Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and right ventricular end-diastolic pressure remained unchanged with both treatments. Stress hormones were comparable between groups. We conclude that systemic perfusion and oxygenation were impaired during VATS compared with CSI. Therefore, VATS may be contraindicated in pediatric patients with minor cardiopulmonary reserve. We studied the cardiopulmonary effects of endoscopic interruption of the patent ductus arteriosus in an animal model of newborn pigs. Gas exchange and systemic perfusion were impaired compared with conventional interruption of the patent ductus arteriosus after thoracotomy.

  16. A comparative study of thoracoscopic sympathicotomy versus local surgical treatment for axillary hyperhidrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heidemann, Erik; Licht, Peter B

    2013-01-01

    Axillary hyperhidrosis affects approximately 1.4% of the population. Medical management is often frustrating, and the response generally transient. Surgical methods include thoracoscopic sympathectomy or sympathicotomy and local axillary surgery such as suction-curettage or en-bloc skin resection...

  17. Automatic real-time tracking of fetal mouth in fetoscopic video sequence for supporting fetal surgeries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Rong; Xie, Tianliang; Ohya, Jun; Zhang, Bo; Sato, Yoshinobu; Fujie, Masakatsu G.

    2013-03-01

    Recently, a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) called fetoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) was developed to treat severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) via fetoscopy, by which a detachable balloon is placed into the fetal trachea for preventing pulmonary hypoplasia through increasing the pressure of the chest cavity. This surgery is so dangerous that a supporting system for navigating surgeries is deemed necessary. In this paper, to guide a surgical tool to be inserted into the fetal trachea, an automatic approach is proposed to detect and track the fetal face and mouth via fetoscopic video sequencing. More specifically, the AdaBoost algorithm is utilized as a classifier to detect the fetal face based on Haarlike features, which calculate the difference between the sums of the pixel intensities in each adjacent region at a specific location in a detection window. Then, the CamShift algorithm based on an iterative search in a color histogram is applied to track the fetal face, and the fetal mouth is fitted by an ellipse detected via an improved iterative randomized Hough transform approach. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed automatic approach can accurately detect and track the fetal face and mouth in real-time in a fetoscopic video sequence, as well as provide an effective and timely feedback to the robot control system of the surgical tool for FETO surgeries.

  18. Video. Chopstick surgery: a novel technique enables use of the Da Vinci Robot to perform single-incision laparoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, R A; Salas, N A; Johnson, C; Goh, A; Cuevas, S P; Donovan, M A; Kaufman, M G; Miles, B; Reardon, P R; Bass, B L; Dunkin, B J

    2010-12-01

    Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is limited by the coaxial arrangement of the instruments. A surgical robot with "wristed" instruments could overcome this limitation but the "arms" collide when working coaxially. This video demonstrates a new technique of "chopstick surgery," which enables use of the robotic arms through a single incision without collision. Experiments were conducted utilizing the da Vinci S® robot (Sunnyvale, CA) in a porcine model with three laparoscopic ports (12 mm, 2-5 mm) introduced through a single "incision." Pilot work conducted while performing Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) tasks determined the optimal setup for SILS to be a triangular port arrangement with 2-cm trocar distance and remote center at the abdominal wall. Using this setup, an experienced robotic surgeon performed a cholecystectomy and nephrectomy in a porcine model utilizing the "chopstick" technique. The chopstick arrangement crosses the instruments at the abdominal wall so that the right instrument is on the left side of the target and the left instrument on the right. This arrangement prevents collision of the external robotic arms. To correct for the change in handedness, the robotic console is instructed to drive the "left" instrument with the right hand effector and the "right" instrument with the left. Both procedures were satisfactorily completed with no external collision of the robotic arms, in acceptable times and with no technical complications. This is consistent with results obtained in the box trainer where the chopstick configuration enabled significantly improved times in all tasks and decreased number of errors and eliminated instrument collisions. Chopstick surgery significantly enhances the functionality of the surgical robot when working through a small single incision. This technique will enable surgeons to utilize the robot for SILS and possibly for intraluminal or transluminal surgery.

  19. Better perioperative outcomes in thoracoscopic-esophagectomy with two-lung ventilation in semi-prone position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Lei; Li, Yan; Sun, Li; Yang, Xue-Wen; Wang, Wen-Bin; Feng, Fan; Xu, Guang-Hui; Guo, Man; Lian, Xiao; Zhang, Hong-Wei

    2017-01-01

    One-lung ventilation (OLV) anesthesia intubation route is often used in patients undergoing thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position. Recently, the two-lung ventilation (TLV) approach becomes popular. However, limited studies have compared the two ventilation approaches in parallel. Here, we report a single-center, retrospective study of comparing TLV and OLV approach in patients undergoing thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position. From January 2013 to November 2014, 147 patients were enrolled into the current study and were given thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position either by OLV or TLV. Intraoperative respiratory functional data and perioperative surgical parameters of the two approaches were collected and analyzed. Of the 147 patients, 64 patients received OLV and 83 patients received TLV, and all of them were successfully under gone thoracoscopic procedures without conversion to open thoracotomy. There was no incidence of major intraoperative complications or perioperative death. There were no statistically different in postoperative respiratory complications, either. However, TLV approach resulted in better intraoperative respiratory function (PaCO2, PaO2, SaO2), shorter preparation time for anesthesia induction, less blood loss, shorter thoracoscopic operating time and less postoperative hospital stay (Pventilation approach (P>0.05). This study demonstrated that TLV intubation approach is superior to OLV approach during the thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position. According to this, TLV approach is a technically feasible, convenient and safe anesthesia induction approach for esophageal cancer surgery.

  20. The Ethics of Sharing Plastic Surgery Videos on Social Media: Systematic Literature Review, Ethical Analysis, and Proposed Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorfman, Robert G; Vaca, Elbert E; Fine, Neil A; Schierle, Clark F

    2017-10-01

    Recent videos shared by plastic surgeons on social media applications such as Snapchat, Instagram, and YouTube, among others, have blurred the line between entertainment and patient care. This has left many in the plastic surgery community calling for the development of more structured oversight and guidance regarding video sharing on social media. To date, no official guidelines exist for plastic surgeons to follow. Little is known about the ethical implications of social media use by plastic surgeons, especially with regard to video sharing. A systematic review of the literature on social media use in plastic surgery was performed on October 31, 2016, with an emphasis on ethics and professionalism. An ethical analysis was conducted using the four principles of medical ethics. The initial search yielded 87 articles. Thirty-four articles were included for analyses that were found to be relevant to the use of social media in plastic surgery. No peer-reviewed articles were found that mentioned Snapchat or addressed the ethical implications of sharing live videos of plastic surgery on social media. Using the four principles of medical ethics, it was determined that significant ethical concerns exist with broadcasting these videos. This analysis fills an important gap in the plastic surgery literature by addressing the ethical issues concerning live surgery broadcasts on social media. Plastic surgeons may use the guidelines proposed here to avoid potential pitfalls.

  1. Routinely obtained chest X-rays after elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery can be omitted in most patients; a retrospective, observational study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Lars S; Jensen, Katrine; Petersen, René Horsleben

    2015-01-01

    divided into three groups according to the degree of pulmonary resection. The chest X-rays (obtained anterior-posterior in one plane with the patient in the supine position) were categorized as abnormal if showing pneumothorax >5 cm, possible intra-thoracic bleeding and/or a displaced chest tube. Medical....... Proportions of abnormal chest X-rays were unequally distributed between groups (p thoracic bleeding, six showed pneumothorax >5 cm and one showed a kinked chest...... tube. All the patients with possible intra-thoracic bleeding were re-explored in the operating theatre the same day. CONCLUSIONS: Only 10 of 1097 chest X-rays (0.9 %) obtained routinely after elective VATS procedures led to a clinical intervention, supporting the abandon of routine chest X rays...

  2. Comparison between stair-climbing test and six-minute walk test after lung resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubori, Yohei; Matsuki, Ryosuke; Hotta, Akira; Morisawa, Tomoyuki; Tamaki, Akira

    2017-05-01

    [Purpose] Currently, the six-minute walk distance (6MWD) is used to evaluate exercise capacity in people following lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer. However, it is unclear whether the 6MWD can detect changes in cardiorespiratory fitness induced by exercise training or lung resection. Conversely, the stair-climbing test is used frequently for the preoperative evaluation of lung resection candidates. It is considered a sensitive method for detecting changes associated with training, but is not used to evaluate exercise capacity after lung resection. The purpose of this study was to compare the stair-climbing test and the six-minute walk test (6MWT) after lung resection. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen patients undergoing lung resection completed the stair-climbing test and the 6MWT preoperatively, and one month postoperatively. The postoperative values and the percentage change in the stair-climbing test and the 6MWT were evaluated. [Results] The stair-climbing test results showed a significant deterioration at one month after lung resection; however, a significant change in the 6MWD was not observed. [Conclusion] When compared with the 6MWT, the stair-climbing test was more sensitive in detecting lung resection-induced changes in cardiorespiratory fitness.

  3. Thoracoscopic or open surgery for pulmonary metastasectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, Jens; Licht, Peter B

    2014-01-01

    are now performed routinely worldwide. This prompted us to conduct a prospective observer-blinded study on pulmonary metastasectomy. METHODS: Eligible patients with oligometastatic pulmonary disease on computed tomography (CT) underwent high-definition VATS, with digital palpation by 1 surgical team...... and subsequent immediate thoracotomy during the same anesthesia by a different surgical team, with bimanual palpation and resection of all palpable nodules. Preoperative CT evaluations and surgical results were blinded. Primary endpoints were number and histopathology of detected nodules. RESULTS: During a 3...

  4. Uniportal thoracoscopic decortication for pleural empyema and the role of ultrasonographic preoperative staging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bongiolatti, Stefano; Voltolini, Luca; Borgianni, Sara; Borrelli, Roberto; Tancredi, Giorgia; Viggiano, Domenico; Gonfiotti, Alessandro

    2017-04-01

    The surgical approach to chronic pleural empyema is still controversial. Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) debridement and decortication has shown favourable outcomes, while the uniportal VATS (U-VATS) approach is still anecdotal. We report our experience with ultrasonographic (US) preoperative staging followed by U-VATS decortication for pleural empyema. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgical treatment of stage II and stage III pleural empyema from 2012 to 2015. Pre-, intra- and postoperative data were investigated to evaluate outcomes including postoperative complications and disease recurrence. Results were analysed according to preoperative US appearance of pleural space (stages A-E) and surgical approach (thoracotomy vs U-VATS). We performed 30 (47%) uniportal thoracoscopic pleural decortication and 34 (53%) open decortication for empyema in stage II (40%) or III (60%) obtaining a complete debridement and decortication in all patients. In-hospital mortality was zero and overall morbidity was 29%. U-VATS was associated with lower blood loss (118 ±  80 ml vs 247  ±  140 ml P  decortication for pleural empyema is a safe and effective approach for selected patients based on a combination of clinical and imaging staging. US patterns well corresponded with intraoperative pleural findings and showed a prognostic value.

  5. Video Capture of Plastic Surgery Procedures Using the GoPro HERO 3+

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Nicholas Graves, MA; Deana Saleh Shenaq, MD; Alexander J. Langerman, MD; David H. Song, MD, MBA, FACS

    2015-01-01

    Background: Significant improvements can be made in recoding surgical procedures, particularly in capturing high-quality video recordings from the surgeons’ point of view. This study examined the utility of the GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera for high-definition, point-of-view recordings of plastic and reconstructive surgery. Methods: The GoPro HERO 3+ Black Edition camera was head-mounted on the surgeon and oriented to the surgeon’s perspective using the GoPro App. The camera was used ...

  6. Left upper lobectomy with bronchoplasty in uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery for bronchial carcinoid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi; Yuan, Fangliang; Yin, Rong; Xu, Lin

    2016-01-01

    A 36-year-old male smoker presented with a bronchial carcinoid in the left upper lobe (LUL) associated with bronchial occlusion of the LUL bronchus. A left upper lobectomy with bronchoplasty was performed through a 3.5 cm single-incision in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). The procedure was successful and the recovery uneventful. Pathological examination revealed a carcinoid tumor with no lymph node involvement (T1bN0M0). The follow-up bronchoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan confirmed no stenosis and no signs of recurrence.

  7. Video Recording With a GoPro in Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vara, Alexander D; Wu, John; Shin, Alexander Y; Sobol, Gregory; Wiater, Brett

    2016-10-01

    Video recordings of surgical procedures are an excellent tool for presentations, analyzing self-performance, illustrating publications, and educating surgeons and patients. Recording the surgeon's perspective with high-resolution video in the operating room or clinic has become readily available and advances in software improve the ease of editing these videos. A GoPro HERO 4 Silver or Black was mounted on a head strap and worn over the surgical scrub cap, above the loupes of the operating surgeon. Five live surgical cases were recorded with the camera. The videos were uploaded to a computer and subsequently edited with iMovie or the GoPro software. The optimal settings for both the Silver and Black editions, when operating room lights are used, were determined to be a narrow view, 1080p, 60 frames per second (fps), spot meter on, protune on with auto white balance, exposure compensation at -0.5, and without a polarizing lens. When the operating room lights were not used, it was determined that the standard settings for a GoPro camera were ideal for positioning and editing (4K, 15 frames per second, spot meter and protune off). The GoPro HERO 4 provides high-quality, the surgeon perspective, and a cost-effective video recording of upper extremity surgical procedures. Challenges include finding the optimal settings for each surgical procedure and the length of recording due to battery life limitations. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Feasibility of thoracoscopic approach for retrosternal goitre (posterior mediastinal goitre: Personal experiences of 11 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panchangam Ramakanth Bhargav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Posterior mediastinal goitres constitute of a unique surgical thyroid disorder that requires expert management. Occasionally, they require thoracic approach for the completion of thyroidectomy. In this paper, we describe the feasibility and utility of a novel thoracoscopic approach for such goitres. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care endocrine surgery department in South India over a period of 5 years from January 2010 to December 2014. We developed a novel thoracoscopic technique for posterior mediastinal goitres instead of a more morbid thoracotomy or sternotomy. All the clinical, investigative, operative, pathological and follow-up data were collected from our prospectively filled database. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS 15.0 version. Descriptive analysis was done. Operative Technique of Thoracoscopic Thyroidectomy: Single lumen endotracheal tube (SLETT was used of anaesthetic intubation and general inhalational anaesthesia. Operative decubitus was supine with extension and abduction of the ipsilateral arm. Access to mediastinum was obtained by two working ports in the third and fifth intercostal spaces. Mediastinal extension was dissected thoracoscopically and delivered cervically. Results: Out of 1,446 surgical goitres operated during the study period, 72 (5% had retrosternal goitre. Also, 27/72 (37.5% cases had posterior mediastinal extension (PME, out of which 11 cases required thoracic approach. We utilised thoracoscopic technique for these 11 cases. The post-operative course was uneventful with no major morbidity. There was one case of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN injury and hoarseness of voice in the third case. Histopathologies in 10 cases were benign, out of which two had subclinical hyperthyroidism. One case had multifocal papillary microcarcinoma. Conclusions: We opine that novel thoracoscopic technique is a feasibly optimal approach for posterior mediastinal

  9. Feasibility of thoracoscopic approach for retrosternal goitre (posterior mediastinal goitre): Personal experiences of 11 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargav, Panchangam Ramakanth; Amar, Vennapusa; Mahilvayganan, Sabaretnam; Nanganandadevi, Vimala

    2016-01-01

    Posterior mediastinal goitres constitute of a unique surgical thyroid disorder that requires expert management. Occasionally, they require thoracic approach for the completion of thyroidectomy. In this paper, we describe the feasibility and utility of a novel thoracoscopic approach for such goitres. This is a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care endocrine surgery department in South India over a period of 5 years from January 2010 to December 2014. We developed a novel thoracoscopic technique for posterior mediastinal goitres instead of a more morbid thoracotomy or sternotomy. All the clinical, investigative, operative, pathological and follow-up data were collected from our prospectively filled database. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS 15.0 version. Descriptive analysis was done. Operative Technique of Thoracoscopic Thyroidectomy: Single lumen endotracheal tube (SLETT) was used of anaesthetic intubation and general inhalational anaesthesia. Operative decubitus was supine with extension and abduction of the ipsilateral arm. Access to mediastinum was obtained by two working ports in the third and fifth intercostal spaces. Mediastinal extension was dissected thoracoscopically and delivered cervically. Out of 1,446 surgical goitres operated during the study period, 72 (5%) had retrosternal goitre. Also, 27/72 (37.5%) cases had posterior mediastinal extension (PME), out of which 11 cases required thoracic approach. We utilised thoracoscopic technique for these 11 cases. The post-operative course was uneventful with no major morbidity. There was one case of recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury and hoarseness of voice in the third case. Histopathologies in 10 cases were benign, out of which two had subclinical hyperthyroidism. One case had multifocal papillary microcarcinoma. We opine that novel thoracoscopic technique is a feasibly optimal approach for posterior mediastinal goitre, especially for benign and non-invasive malignant goitres.

  10. Comparison of the methods of fibrinolysis by tube thoracostomy and thoracoscopic decortication in children with stage II and III empyema: a prospective randomized study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ufuk Cobanoglu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Today, in spite of the developments in imaging methods and antibiotherapy, childhood pleural empyema is a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality. In recent years, it has been shown that there has been an increase in the frequency of pleural empyema in children, and antibiotic resistance in microorganisms causing pleural empyema has made treatment difficult. Despite the many studies investigating thoracoscopic debridement and fibrinolytic treatment separately in the management of this disease, there is are not enough studies comparing these two treatments. The aim of this study was to prospectively compare the efficacy of two different treatment methods in stage II and III empyema cases and to present a perspective for treatment options. We excluded from the study cases with: i thoracoscopic intervention and fibrinolytic agent were contraindicated; ii immunosuppression or additional infection focus; iii concomitant diseases, those with bronchopleural fistula diagnosed radiologically, and Stage I cases. This gave a total of 54 cases: 23 (42.6% in stage II, and 31 (57.4% cases in stage III. These patients were randomized into two groups of 27 cases each for debridement or fibrinolytic agent application by video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication (VATS. The continuity of symptoms after the operation, duration of thoracic tube in situ, and the length of hospital stay in the VATS group were of significantly shorter duration than in the streptokinase applications (P=0.0001. In 19 of 27 cases (70.37% in which fibrinolytic treatment was applied and in 21 cases of 27 (77.77% in which VATS was applied, the lung was fully expanded and the procedure was considered successful. There was no significant difference with respect to success rates between the two groups (P=0.533. The complication rate in our cases was 12.96% and no mortality was observed. Similar success rates in thoracoscopic drainage and enzymatic debridement, and the low cost of enzymatic

  11. What Do Social Media Say About Makeovers? A Content Analysis of Cosmetic Surgery Videos and Viewers' Responses on YouTube.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Nainan; Chia, Stella C; Hao, Xiaoming

    2015-01-01

    This study examines portrayals of cosmetic surgery on YouTube, where we found a substantial number of cosmetic surgery videos. Most of the videos came from cosmetic surgeons who appeared to be aggressively using social media in their practices. Except for videos that explained cosmetic surgery procedures, most videos in our sample emphasized the benefits of cosmetic surgery, and only a small number of the videos addressed the involved risks. We also found that tactics of persuasive communication-namely, related to message source and message sensation value (MSV)-have been used in Web-based social media to attract viewers' attention and interests. Expert sources were used predominantly, although typical-consumer sources tended to generate greater viewer interest in cosmetic surgery than other types of message sources. High MSV, moreover, was found to increase a video's popularity.

  12. A clinical pilot study of a modular video-CT augmentation system for image-guided skull base surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wen P.; Mirota, Daniel J.; Uneri, Ali; Otake, Yoshito; Hager, Gregory; Reh, Douglas D.; Ishii, Masaru; Gallia, Gary L.; Siewerdsen, Jeffrey H.

    2012-02-01

    Augmentation of endoscopic video with preoperative or intraoperative image data [e.g., planning data and/or anatomical segmentations defined in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR)], can improve navigation, spatial orientation, confidence, and tissue resection in skull base surgery, especially with respect to critical neurovascular structures that may be difficult to visualize in the video scene. This paper presents the engineering and evaluation of a video augmentation system for endoscopic skull base surgery translated to use in a clinical study. Extension of previous research yielded a practical system with a modular design that can be applied to other endoscopic surgeries, including orthopedic, abdominal, and thoracic procedures. A clinical pilot study is underway to assess feasibility and benefit to surgical performance by overlaying CT or MR planning data in realtime, high-definition endoscopic video. Preoperative planning included segmentation of the carotid arteries, optic nerves, and surgical target volume (e.g., tumor). An automated camera calibration process was developed that demonstrates mean re-projection accuracy (0.7+/-0.3) pixels and mean target registration error of (2.3+/-1.5) mm. An IRB-approved clinical study involving fifteen patients undergoing skull base tumor surgery is underway in which each surgery includes the experimental video-CT system deployed in parallel to the standard-of-care (unaugmented) video display. Questionnaires distributed to one neurosurgeon and two otolaryngologists are used to assess primary outcome measures regarding the benefit to surgical confidence in localizing critical structures and targets by means of video overlay during surgical approach, resection, and reconstruction.

  13. Intelligent viewpoint selection for efficient CT to video registration in laparoscopic liver surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robu, Maria R; Edwards, Philip; Ramalhinho, João; Thompson, Stephen; Davidson, Brian; Hawkes, David; Stoyanov, Danail; Clarkson, Matthew J

    2017-07-01

    Minimally invasive surgery offers advantages over open surgery due to a shorter recovery time, less pain and trauma for the patient. However, inherent challenges such as lack of tactile feedback and difficulty in controlling bleeding lower the percentage of suitable cases. Augmented reality can show a better visualisation of sub-surface structures and tumour locations by fusing pre-operative CT data with real-time laparoscopic video. Such augmented reality visualisation requires a fast and robust video to CT registration that minimises interruption to the surgical procedure. We propose to use view planning for efficient rigid registration. Given the trocar position, a set of camera positions are sampled and scored based on the corresponding liver surface properties. We implement a simulation framework to validate the proof of concept using a segmented CT model from a human patient. Furthermore, we apply the proposed method on clinical data acquired during a human liver resection. The first experiment motivates the viewpoint scoring strategy and investigates reliable liver regions for accurate registrations in an intuitive visualisation. The second experiment shows wider basins of convergence for higher scoring viewpoints. The third experiment shows that a comparable registration performance can be achieved by at least two merged high scoring views and four low scoring views. Hence, the focus could change from the acquisition of a large liver surface to a small number of distinctive patches, thereby giving a more explicit protocol for surface reconstruction. We discuss the application of the proposed method on clinical data and show initial results. The proposed simulation framework shows promising results to motivate more research into a comprehensive view planning method for efficient registration in laparoscopic liver surgery.

  14. Thoracoscopic approach to congenital diaphragmatic hernias in adults: Southampton approach and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) are likely to present in early postnatal or infancy and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality due to associated pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and heart failure. Symptomatic adult congenital Bochdalek hernia, on the other hand, is extremely rare with a prevalence of 0.17–6% of all diaphragmatic hernias. They present with recurrent abdominal pain and shortness of breath. Acute presentations could be life threatening especially if there is incarcerated or threatened bowel in the chest. Repair of symptomatic Bochdalek hernia is recommended in the adult population. We present two cases of right and left symptomatic Bochdalek hernias in adults, encountered over 15 years of practice in a tertiary referral centre in the UK. We discuss their presentation and surgical management and review the literature of similar cases treated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Thoracic surgeons are increasingly becoming involved in these cases, which used to be the domain of upper gastrointestinal surgeons. A synthetic patch may be required to close the defect, therefore; the thoracic surgeon must be familiar with such techniques. The recent expansion in video format publishing in the internet and social media has revolutionized the way knowledge and how-to-do-it expertise is distributed around the world. It has the advantage of reaching far more viewer than subscription paper-printed format journals and has a rising significance in encouraging thoracic surgeons to do things they were not used to do. Finally; Symptomatic Bochdalek hernia, and possibly Morgagni hernia in the adult population could be safely repaired by VATS with good and lasting results. PMID:29302452

  15. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy compared with conventional thyroidectomy in a general surgery department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrinja, Chiara; Trevisan, Giuliano; Makovac, Petra; Liguori, Gennaro

    2009-10-01

    We retrospectively evaluated a series of patients who underwent minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) to define its advantages or disadvantages. Between May 2005 and March 2008, 68 patients underwent MIVAT. Sixty-nine patients who underwent conventional thyroidectomy (CT) during the period before the introduction of the MIVAT technique in our department-chosen with the same inclusion criteria used for MIVAT-served as matched controls. The eligibility criteria for both groups was thyroid nodules surgery. Forty-five MIVAT and 43 CT patients underwent hemithyroidectomy. Twenty-three MIVAT and 26 CT patients underwent total thyroidectomy. No differences were found in terms of complications, operative time, and radicality of the procedure. Patients who underwent MIVAT experienced significantly less pain, better cosmetic results, and shorter hospital stay than patients who underwent conventional surgery The MIVAT technique, in selected patients, seems to be a valid option for thyroidectomy and even preferable to conventional surgery because of its significant advantages, especially in terms of cosmetic results, postoperative pain, and postoperative recovery.

  16. Thoracoscopic detection of occult indeterminate pulmonary nodules using bronchoscopic pleural dye marking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William S. Krimsky

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The annual incidence of a small indeterminate pulmonary nodule (IPN on computed tomography (CT scan remains high. While traditional paradigms exist, the integration of new technologies into these diagnostic and treatment algorithms can result in alternative, potentially more efficient methods of managing these findings. Methods: We report on an alternative diagnostic and therapeutic strategy for the management of an IPN. This approach combines electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB with an updated approach to placement of a pleural dye marker. This technique lends itself to a minimally invasive wedge resection via either video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS or a robotic approach. Results: Subsequent to alterations in the procedure, a cohort of 22 patients with an IPN was reviewed. Navigation was possible in 21 out of 22 patients with one patient excluded based on airway anatomy. The remaining 21 patients underwent ENB with pleural dye marking followed by minimally invasive wedge resection. The median size of the nodules was 13.4 mm (range: 7–29. There were no complications from the ENB procedure. Indigo carmine dye was used in ten patients. Methylene blue was used in the remaining 11 patients. In 81% of cases, the visceral pleural marker was visible at the time of surgery. In one patient, there was diffuse staining of the parietal pleura. In three additional patients, no dye was identified within the hemithorax. In all cases where dye marker was present on the visceral pleural surface, it was in proximity to the IPN and part of the excised specimen. Conclusions: ENB with pleural dye marking can provide a safe and effective method to localize an IPN and can allow for subsequent minimally invasive resection. Depending on the characteristics and location of the nodule, this method may allow more rapid identification intraoperatively.

  17. Video-assisted thoracic surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma in patients with anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takushima, Mina; Haraguchi, Shuji; Hioki, Masafumi; Endou, Naoya; Kawamura, Jun; Yamashita, Yasuo; Orii, Koan; Yamashita, Koji; Matumoto, Koshi; Shimizu, Kazuo

    2004-10-01

    We report a case of pulmonary aspergilloma in a 27-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa who underwent a video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. On admission, she had lost 38% of her original weight but the laboratory data were normal. She had refused treatment for anorexia nervosa for nine years ago and may have been predisposed to opportunistic conditions. The aspergilloma was developed in a simple bulla formed in the course of healing of a lung abscess and a VATS lobectomy was safely and cosmetically performed. Wedge resection was difficult due to the size of the lesion. The residual lobes expanded very well and the postoperative course was uneventful. VATS is considered to be an efficient method in the treatment of pulmonary aspergilloma in patients with better lung function and localized pulmonary disease.

  18. Using a high-definition stereoscopic video system to teach microscopic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilgner, Justus; Park, Jonas Jae-Hyun; Labbé, Daniel; Westhofen, Martin

    2007-02-01

    Introduction: While there is an increasing demand for minimally invasive operative techniques in Ear, Nose and Throat surgery, these operations are difficult to learn for junior doctors and demanding to supervise for experienced surgeons. The motivation for this study was to integrate high-definition (HD) stereoscopic video monitoring in microscopic surgery in order to facilitate teaching interaction between senior and junior surgeon. Material and methods: We attached a 1280x1024 HD stereo camera (TrueVisionSystems TM Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, USA) to an operating microscope (Zeiss ProMagis, Zeiss Co., Oberkochen, Germany), whose images were processed online by a PC workstation consisting of a dual Intel® Xeon® CPU (Intel Co., Santa Clara, CA). The live image was displayed by two LCD projectors @ 1280x768 pixels on a 1,25m rear-projection screen by polarized filters. While the junior surgeon performed the surgical procedure based on the displayed stereoscopic image, all other participants (senior surgeon, nurse and medical students) shared the same stereoscopic image from the screen. Results: With the basic setup being performed only once on the day before surgery, fine adjustments required about 10 minutes extra during the operation schedule, which fitted into the time interval between patients and thus did not prolong operation times. As all relevant features of the operative field were demonstrated on one large screen, four major effects were obtained: A) Stereoscopy facilitated orientation for the junior surgeon as well as for medical students. B) The stereoscopic image served as an unequivocal guide for the senior surgeon to demonstrate the next surgical steps to the junior colleague. C) The theatre nurse shared the same image, anticipating the next instruments which were needed. D) Medical students instantly share the information given by all staff and the image, thus avoiding the need for an extra teaching session. Conclusion: High definition

  19. Video see-through augmented reality for oral and maxillofacial surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Junchen; Suenaga, Hideyuki; Yang, Liangjing; Kobayashi, Etsuko; Sakuma, Ichiro

    2017-06-01

    Oral and maxillofacial surgery has not been benefitting from image guidance techniques owing to the limitations in image registration. A real-time markerless image registration method is proposed by integrating a shape matching method into a 2D tracking framework. The image registration is performed by matching the patient's teeth model with intraoperative video to obtain its pose. The resulting pose is used to overlay relevant models from the same CT space on the camera video for augmented reality. The proposed system was evaluated on mandible/maxilla phantoms, a volunteer and clinical data. Experimental results show that the target overlay error is about 1 mm, and the frame rate of registration update yields 3-5 frames per second with a 4 K camera. The significance of this work lies in its simplicity in clinical setting and the seamless integration into the current medical procedure with satisfactory response time and overlay accuracy. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. Video-assisted thoracic surgery for superior posterior mediastinal neurogenic tumour in the supine position

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlong Laleng

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS for a superior posterior mediastinal lesion is routinely done in the lateral decubitus position similar to a standard thoracotomy using a double-lumen endotracheal tube for one-lung ventilation. This is an area above the level of the pericardium, with the superior thoracic opening as its superior limit and its inferior limit at the plane from the sternal angle to the level of intervertebral disc of thoracic 4 to 5 vertebra lying behind the great vessels. The lateral decubitus position has disadvantages of the double-lumen endotracheal tube getting malpositioned during repositioning from supine position to the lateral decubitus position, shoulder injuries due to the prolonged abnormal fixed posture and rarer injuries of the lower limb. There is no literature related to VATS in the supine position for treating lesions in the posterior mediastinum because the lung tissue falls in the dependent posterior mediastinum and obscures the field of surgery; however, VATS in the supine position is routinely done for lesions in the anterior mediastinum and single-stage bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax. Thus, in the selected cases, ′VATS in supine position′ allows an invasive procedure to be completed in the most stable anatomical posture.

  1. Non-intubated video-assisted thoracic surgery management of secondary spontaneous pneumothorax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvez, Carlos; Bolufer, Sergio; Navarro-Martinez, Jose; Lirio, Francisco; Corcoles, Juan Manuel; Rodriguez-Paniagua, Jose Manuel

    2015-05-01

    Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is serious entity, usually due to underlying disease, mainly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Its morbidity and mortality is high due to the pulmonary compromised status of these patients, and the recurrence rate is almost 50%, increasing mortality with each episode. For persistent or recurrent SSP, surgery under general anesthesia (GA) and mechanical ventilation (MV) with lung isolation is the gold standard, but ventilator-induced damages and dependency, and postoperative pulmonary complications are frequent. In the last two decades, several groups have reported successful results with non-intubated video-assisted thoracic surgery (NI-VATS) with thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) and/or local anesthesia under spontaneous breathing. Main benefits reported are operative time, operation room time and hospital stay reduction, and postoperative respiratory complications decrease when comparing to GA, thus encouraging for further research in these moderate to high risk patients many times rejected for the standard regimen. There are also reports of special situations with satisfactory results, as in contralateral pneumonectomy and lung transplantation. The aim of this review is to collect, analyze and discuss all the available evidence, and seek for future lines of investigation.

  2. "Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy. Initial experience in a general surgery department".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrinja, Chiara; Trevisan, Giuliano; Liguori, Gennaro

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze our preliminary results from minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) and demonstrate the feasibility of MIVAT also in non-referral centers. We report our initial experience based on a series of 47 patients selected for MIVAT at General Surgery Department of University of Trieste during a period from May 2005 to February 2007. The eligibility criteria were rigorously observed. Age, goiter volume, major diameter of the dominant nodule, operative times, pathologic findings, postoperative pain, length of hospital stay, cosmetic results, and complications were retrospectively analyzed. Thyroid lobectomy was successfully accomplished in 33 cases, total thyroidectomy in 14. Conversion to standard cervicotomy was required in three patients (6%). Mean operative time of lobectomy was 82.6 min and 118.7 for total thyroidectomy. Postoperative complications included 11 (23.4%) transient hypocalcemias, 2 (4.2%) hematomas, and 2 (4.2%) temporary laryngeal nerve palsies. None-recurrent nerve palsies was observed. The cosmetic result was excellent in most cases. Our experience demonstrates that MIVAT, after adequate training, is feasible and safe, with results comparable to conventional thyroidectomy, also in a General Surgery Department, from a dedicated team, with a sufficient and specific activity volume.

  3. A blinded assessment of video quality in wearable technology for telementoring in open surgery: the Google Glass experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, Daniel A; Phitayakorn, Roy; Fernandez-del Castillo, Carlos; Meireles, Ozanan

    2016-01-01

    The goal of telementoring is to recreate face-to-face encounters with a digital presence. Open-surgery telementoring is limited by lack of surgeon's point-of-view cameras. Google Glass is a wearable computer that looks like a pair of glasses but is equipped with wireless connectivity, a camera, and viewing screen for video conferencing. This study aimed to assess the safety of using Google Glass by assessing the video quality of a telementoring session. Thirty-four (n = 34) surgeons at a single institution were surveyed and blindly compared via video captured with Google Glass versus an Apple iPhone 5 during the open cholecystectomy portion of a Whipple. Surgeons were asked to evaluate the quality of the video and its adequacy for safe use in telementoring. Thirty-four of 107 invited surgical attendings (32%) responded to the anonymous survey. A total of 50% rated the Google Glass video as fair with the other 50% rating it as bad to poor. A total of 52.9% of respondents rated the Apple iPhone video as good. A significantly greater proportion of respondents felt Google Glass video quality was inadequate for telementoring versus the Apple iPhone's (82.4 vs 26.5%, p Google Glass provides a great breadth of functionality as a wearable device with two-way communication capabilities, current hardware limitations prevent its use as a telementoring device in surgery as the video quality is inadequate for safe telementoring. As the device is still in initial phases of development, future iterations or competitor devices may provide a better telementoring application for wearable devices.

  4. From an urologist view: are we safe with endoscopic surgery? Overview of ergonomic problems encountered by the urologist during video endoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sataa, Sallami; Benzarti, Aida; Ben Jemaa, Abdelmajid

    2012-12-01

    The importance of minimally invasive surgery in urology has constantly increased in the last 20 years. Endoscopic resection of prostate and bladder tumors is actually a gold standard with many advantages for patients. To analyze the problems related to the ergonomic conditions faced by urologist during video endoscopic surgery by review of the recent literature. All evidence-based experimental ergonomic studies conducted in the fields of urology endoscopic surgery and applied ergonomics for other professions working with a display were identified by PubMed searches. Data from ergonomic studies were evaluated in terms of efficiency as well as comfort and safety aspects. Constraint postures for urologists are described and ergonomic requirements for optimal positions are discussed. The ergonomics of urological endoscopic surgery place urologists at risk for potential injury. The amount of neck flexion or extension, the amount of shoulder girdle adduction or abduction used, and stability of the upper extremities during surgery; which are maintained in a prolonged static posture; are the main risk factors. All these constraints may lead to muscle and joint fatigue, pain, and eventual musculoskeletal injury. Moreover, these issues may impact surgical accuracy. Urologist posture, operating period, training are important ergonomic factor during video surgery to prevent musculoskeletal disorders.

  5. Robot-assisted thoracoscopic brachytherapy for lung cancer: comparison of the ZEUS robot, VATS, and manual seed implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Guo-Wei; Pytel, Martin; Trejos, Ana Luisa; Hornblower, Victoria; Smallwood, Jennifer; Patel, Rajni; Fenster, Aaron; Malthaner, Richard A

    2007-09-01

    Interstitial brachytherapy is becoming an accepted treatment option for lung cancer patients for whom surgery poses a high risk. Robotic surgery has the potential to deliver brachytherapy seeds into tumors while keeping surgeons at a safe distance from the radioactive source. Our aim was to compare the accuracy, number of attempts, and time needed to place seeds next to a target when using a manual technique, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and the ZEUS robot for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). A brachytherapy seed injector was developed and attached to one of the ZEUS robotic arms. Four subjects each inserted inactive dummy brachytherapy seeds into clear agar-gelatin cubes containing a 1.6-mm stainless steel ball target. Two orthogonal radiographs were taken of each agar cube, and the corresponding distances were measured in triplicate using ImageJ processing software. The mean distance between the center of each seed and the corresponding target was calculated using the Pythagorean theorem. Comparisons were made using analysis of variance, t-tests, and Kruskal-Wallis tests, as appropriate. A total of 384 tests (128 for each technique) were performed. The median accuracies for the manual technique, VATS, and ZEUS were 1.8 mm (range: 0.9-6.7 mm), 2.4 mm (range: 1.0-11.3 mm), and 3.6 mm (range: 1.3-16.7 mm), respectively (p ZEUS were 1 (range: 1-5), 4 (range: 1-14), and 3 (range: 1-20), respectively (p ZEUS were 3.0 s (range: 1-43 s), 86.5 s (range: 6-372 s), and 64.5 s (range: 5-356 s), respectively (p ZEUS robotic platform was able to place seeds beside a target within a clinically acceptable distance, with an acceptable amount of trauma and time required. It achieved results equal to or better than those obtained with VATS.

  6. Simulation-based training for thoracoscopic lobectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Katrine; Ringsted, Charlotte; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2014-01-01

    comparing bleeding and anatomical and non-anatomical errors. CONCLUSION: Simulation-based training and targeted instructions enabled the trainees to perform a simulated thoracoscopic lobectomy. Traditional black-box training was more effective than virtual-reality laparoscopy training. Thus, a dedicated...

  7. Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic oesophagectomy improves the quality of extended lymphadenectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadière, G B; Torres, R; Dapri, G; Capelluto, E; Hainaux, B; Himpens, J

    2006-08-01

    Oesophagectomy with extended lymphadenectomy carries considerable morbidity due to parietal trauma. It is also technically extremely demanding because the difficult access even through a large thoracotomy requires the use of long instruments to reach the deepest recess in the chest cavity. Since the first thoracoscopic oesophagectomy reported by Cuschieri et al. [1] in 1992, different minimally invasive approaches have been proposed [2-12]. The aim of this video is to show the accurate and relative ease of an entirely thoracoscopic and laparoscopic oesophagectomy with an extended lymph node dissection of mediastinum in prone position (thoracoscopically) and celiac trunk (laparoscopically). Oesophagectomy by thoracoscopy, laparoscopy and cervicotomy was proposed in a 63-year-old man with a lower third oesophageal cancer. General anaesthesia was performed with a double-lumen endotracheal tube and the patient was placed in prone position. Surgeons were positioned at the right side of the patient. Only three trocars were needed. A 10 mm 30-degree angled scope was inserted in the 7th intercostal space on the posterior axillary line and the remaining two 5 mm trocars were inserted in the 5th and 9th intercostal spaces on the posterior axillary line. Prone position allows an excellent visibility of the operative field even in an only partially deflated lung. In order to achieve a good exposure, transitory pneumothorax with CO2 (14 mmHg) was performed. The mediastinal pleura overlying the oesophagus was incised and the arch of azygos vein was isolated, ligated and divided. The oesophagus was circumferentially mobilized from the thoracic inlet down to oesophageal hiatus. Para oesophageal and subcarinal lymph nodes were dissected so as to remain in block with the surgical specimen. A 28 F chest tube was inserted in the 8th intercostal space on the anterior axillary line. In the second stage the patient was placed in supine position and pneumoperitoneum was established. Five

  8. The evolution of uniportal video assisted thoracic surgery in Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guido Guerrero, William; Gonzalez-Rivas, Diego; Yang, Yang; Li, Wentao

    2016-01-01

    Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has become one of the most important advances in thoracic surgery in this generation. It has evolved continuously into a less invasive approach, being uniportal VATS the last step in this evolution. Since the first uniportal VATS lobectomy was performed in La Coruña in 2010, the procedure has suffered and exponential growth that has allowed it to widespread around the world, expanding the indications from initially early stage lung cancer cases to complex advance cases nowadays. In Costa Rica, uniportal VATS started to be used for major pulmonary resection in June 2014, thanks to the tutoring from Dr. Gonzalez-Rivas. In our center, uniportal VATS is the standard approach for minimally invasive procedures, and major pulmonary resections had only been done through the single port approach. In order to evolve and progress in the experience of the procedure, and to expand the indications in which it was being performed, a "uniportal VATS master class" was held in Rafael Angel Calderón Guardia Hospital in San José, Costa Rica, from September 16 to September 18 2015. The master class was led by Dr. Diego Gonzalez-Rivas and it counted with the contribution of Dr. Li Wentao and Dr. Yang Yang, from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. The course attracted almost every thoracic surgeon in our country and participants also included anesthesiologists, pulmonologists, nurses and medical students. Three uniportal VATS were performed during the course, a left lower and a right upper lobectomy and a wedge resection that was the first non-intubated VATS procedure ever performed in our country.

  9. Using GoPro to Give Video-Assisted Operative Feedback for Surgery Residents: A Feasibility and Utility Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Maureen D; Abelson, Jonathan S; O'Mahoney, Paul; Bagautdinov, Iskander; Yeo, Heather; Watkins, Anthony C

    2017-08-21

    As an adjunct to simulation-based teaching, laparoscopic video-based surgical coaching has been an effective tool to augment surgical education. However, the wide use of video review in open surgery has been limited primarily due to technological and logistical challenges. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate perceptions of general surgery (GS) residents on video-assisted operative instruction and (2) conduct a pilot study using a head-mounted GoPro in conjunction with the operative performance rating system to assess feasibility of providing video review to enhance operative feedback during open procedures. GS residents were anonymously surveyed to evaluate their perceptions of oral and written operative feedback and use of video-based operative resources. We then conducted a pilot study of 10 GS residents to assess the utility and feasibility of using a GoPro to record resident performance of an arteriovenous fistula creation with an attending surgeon. Categorical variables were analyzed using the chi-square test. Academic, tertiary medical center. GS residents and faculty. A total of 59 GS residents were anonymously surveyed (response rate = 65.5%). A total of 40% (n = 24) of residents reported that structured evaluations rarely or never provided meaningful feedback. When feedback was received, 55% (n = 32) residents reported that it was only rarely or sometimes in regard to their operative skills. There was no significant difference in surveyed responses among junior postgraduate year (PGY 1-2), senior (PGY 3-4), or chief residents (PGY-5). A total of 80% (n = 8) of residents found the use of GoPro video review very or extremely useful for education; they also deemed video review more useful for operative feedback than written or communicative feedback. An overwhelming majority (90%, n = 9) felt that video review would lead to improved technical skills, wanted to review the video with the attending surgeon for further feedback, and desired expansion of

  10. Thoracoscopic-assisted repair of a bochdalek hernia in an adult: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miyata Yoshihiro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Bochdalek hernia is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that usually presents in the neonatal period with life-threatening cardiorespiratory distress. It is rare for Bochdalek hernias to remain silent until adulthood. Once a Bochdalek hernia has been diagnosed, surgical treatment is necessary to avoid complications such as perforation and necrosis. Case presentation We present a 17-year-old Japanese boy with left-upper-quadrant pain for two months. Chest radiography showed an elevated left hemidiaphragm. Computed tomography revealed a congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The spleen and left colon had been displaced into the left thoracic cavity through a left posterior diaphragmatic defect. We diagnosed a Bochdalek hernia. Surgical treatment was performed via a thoracoscopic approach. The boy was placed in the reverse Trendelenburg position and intrathoracic pressure was increased by CO2 gas insufflations. This is a very useful procedure for reducing herniated contents and we were able to place the herniated organs safely back in the peritoneal cavity. The diaphragmatic defect was too large to close with thoracoscopic surgery alone. Small incision thoracotomy was required and primary closure was performed. His postoperative course was uneventful and there has been no recurrence of the diaphragmatic hernia to date. Conclusion Thoracoscopic surgery, performed with the boy in the reverse Trendelenburg position and using CO2 gas insufflations in the thoracic cavity, was shown to be useful for Bochdalek hernia repair.

  11. Thoracoscopic-assisted repair of a bochdalek hernia in an adult: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokumoto, Noriaki; Tanabe, Kazuaki; Yamamoto, Hideki; Suzuki, Takahisa; Miyata, Yoshihiro; Ohdan, Hideki

    2010-11-17

    Bochdalek hernia is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that usually presents in the neonatal period with life-threatening cardiorespiratory distress. It is rare for Bochdalek hernias to remain silent until adulthood. Once a Bochdalek hernia has been diagnosed, surgical treatment is necessary to avoid complications such as perforation and necrosis. We present a 17-year-old Japanese boy with left-upper-quadrant pain for two months. Chest radiography showed an elevated left hemidiaphragm. Computed tomography revealed a congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The spleen and left colon had been displaced into the left thoracic cavity through a left posterior diaphragmatic defect. We diagnosed a Bochdalek hernia. Surgical treatment was performed via a thoracoscopic approach. The boy was placed in the reverse Trendelenburg position and intrathoracic pressure was increased by CO2 gas insufflations. This is a very useful procedure for reducing herniated contents and we were able to place the herniated organs safely back in the peritoneal cavity. The diaphragmatic defect was too large to close with thoracoscopic surgery alone. Small incision thoracotomy was required and primary closure was performed. His postoperative course was uneventful and there has been no recurrence of the diaphragmatic hernia to date. Thoracoscopic surgery, performed with the boy in the reverse Trendelenburg position and using CO2 gas insufflations in the thoracic cavity, was shown to be useful for Bochdalek hernia repair.

  12. Surgical Outcomes of Pneumatic Compression Using Carbon Dioxide Gas in Thoracoscopic Diaphragmatic Plication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Hyo Yeong; Kim, Yeong Dae; Hoseok, I; Cho, Jeong Su; Lee, Jonggeun; Son, Joohyung

    2016-12-01

    Surgical correction needs to be considered when diaphragm eventration leads to impaired ventilation and respiratory muscle fatigue. Plication to sufficiently tense the diaphragm by VATS is not as easy to achieve as plication by open surgery. We used pneumatic compression with carbon dioxide (CO2) gas in thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication and evaluated feasibility and efficacy. Eleven patients underwent thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication between January 2008 and December 2013 in Pusan National University Hospital. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and compared between the group using CO2 gas and group without using CO2 gas, for operative time, plication technique, duration of hospital stay, postoperative chest tube drainage, pulmonary spirometry, dyspnea score pre- and postoperation, and postoperative recurrence. The improvement of forced expiratory volume at 1 second in the group using CO2 gas and the group not using CO2 gas was 22.46±11.27 and 21.08±5.39 (p=0.84). The improvement of forced vital capacity 3 months after surgery was 16.74±10.18 (with CO2) and 15.6±0.89 (without CO2) (p=0.03). During follow-up (17±17 months), there was no dehiscence in plication site and relapse. No complications or hospital mortalities occurred. Thoracoscopic plication under single lung ventilation using CO2 insufflation could be an effective, safe option to flatten the diaphragm.

  13. Surgical Outcomes of Pneumatic Compression Using Carbon Dioxide Gas in Thoracoscopic Diaphragmatic Plication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyo Yeong Ahn

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Surgical correction needs to be considered when diaphragm eventration leads to impaired ventilation and respiratory muscle fatigue. Plication to sufficiently tense the diaphragm by VATS is not as easy to achieve as plication by open surgery. We used pneumatic compression with carbon dioxide (CO2 gas in thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication and evaluated feasibility and efficacy. Methods: Eleven patients underwent thoracoscopic diaphragmatic plication between January 2008 and December 2013 in Pusan National University Hospital. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and compared between the group using CO2 gas and group without using CO2 gas, for operative time, plication technique, duration of hospital stay, postoperative chest tube drainage, pulmonary spirometry, dyspnea score pre- and postoperation, and postoperative recurrence. Results: The improvement of forced expiratory volume at 1 second in the group using CO2 gas and the group not using CO2 gas was 22.46±11.27 and 21.08±5.39 (p=0.84. The improvement of forced vital capacity 3 months after surgery was 16.74±10.18 (with CO2 and 15.6±0.89 (without CO2 (p=0.03. During follow-up (17±17 months, there was no dehiscence in plication site and relapse. No complications or hospital mortalities occurred. Conclusion: Thoracoscopic plication under single lung ventilation using CO2 insufflation could be an effective, safe option to flatten the diaphragm.

  14. Thoracoscopic 360 degree apical pleurodesis with turned-over parietal pleura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamaji, Masatsugu; Tanaka, Toru; Tachi, Hidekazu; Ohsumi, Akihiro

    2014-08-01

    Apical pleurodesis procedures, in addition to the resection of bullae or blebs, proved to lower the recurrence rate in spontaneous pneumothoraces. Here, we describe our thoracoscopic technique of making a 360° apical pleurodesis. After resecting responsible bullae or blebs thoracoscopically, we dissect the parietal pleura off the chest wall up, turn it over on the mediastinal side, clip it on the mediastinal pleura and place the lung apex against the rough surface to promote extensive apical pleurodesis. The technique has been performed for 18 patients so far and no late recurrence of pneumothorax has been noted. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  15. Multimodal analgesic treatment in video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy using an intraoperative intercostal catheter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildgaard, Kim; Petersen, Rene H; Hansen, Henrik J

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: No golden standard for analgesia in video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy exists. A simple multimodal approach using an intercostal catheter (ICC) may be of benefit since acute post-operative pain following VATS lobectomy primarily originates from the chest drain area...... for the PVB and ICC placement was 5 min (CI: 4.7-5.9). The mean pain score at rest using a numerical rating scale (NRS, 0-10) was 85% of patients reporting satisfactory or very satisfactory pain treatment all days. CONCLUSIONS: Acute pain after VATS lobectomy may be adequately controlled using a multimodal......) and inserted an ICC at the drain site level for continuous delivery of 6 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine h(-1). Pain scores at rest, mobilization and with the extended arms were followed until discharge or for 4 days. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients, mean age 64 years (CI: 61-68), were included. The mean time...

  16. Early and late morbidity and mortality and life expectancy following thoracoscopic talc insufflation for control of malignant pleural effusions: a review of 400 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyriti Konstantina

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malignant pleural effusion is a common sequelae in patients with certain malignancies. It represents a terminal condition with short median survival (in terms of months and the goal is palliation. Aim of our study is to analyze morbidity, mortality and life expectancy following videothoracoscopic talc poudrage. Materials and methods From September 2004 to October 2009, 400 patients underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS for malignant pleural effusion. The conditions of patients were assessed and graded before and after treatment concerning morbidity, mortality, success rate of pleurodesis and median survival. Results The median duration of follow up was 40 months (range 4-61 months. All patients demonstrated notable improvement in dyspnea. Intraoperative mortality was zero. The procedure was well tolerated and no significant adverse effects were observed. In hospital mortality was 2% and the pleurodesis success rate was 85%. A poor Karnofsky Performance Status and delay between diagnosis of pleural effusion and pleurodesis were statistically significant factors for in-hospital mortality. The best survival was seen in breast cancer, followed by ovarian cancer, lymphoma and pleural mesothelioma. Conclusions Video-assisted thoracoscopic talc poudrage is an effective and safe procedure that yields a high rate of successful pleurodesis and achieves long-term control with marked dyspnea decrease.

  17. Development of video-assisted breast cancer surgery: Initial experience with a novel method for creating working space without prior liposuction

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Qian-Fu; Yu, Ying-Hua; Zhu, Xiao; Cui, Ying; Mo, Qin-Guo; Wei, Chang-Yuan; Lin, Xue-Juan; Liu, Xue-Ying; Xie, Wei-Kang; Gan, Shui; Lei, Wei

    2017-01-01

    Endoscopic techniques are promising in breast surgery. In order to create working space, liposuction is widely used in video-assisted breast surgery (VABS). However, the use of liposuction is likely associated with side effects that may partly limit the application of VABS. Therefore, a new technique of endoscopic axillary lymphadenectomy without prior liposuction was developed by our group. A total of 106 female patients underwent VABS, with special adaptation of the video-assisted surgical ...

  18. Thoracoscopic Splanchnicectomy for Pain Control in Irresectable Pancreatic Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Tavassoli

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Severepain is a major problem in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effects of Thoracoscopic Splanchnicectomy (TS on pain control in these patients suffering from unresectable pancreatic cancer. Methods:Between years 2000 to 2011, 20 patients suffering from unresectable pancreatic cancer underwent TS due to severe pain. They were studied in terms of age, sex, location of pancreas tumor, history of previous surgery, response to treatments for pain control (assessed with VAS scoring system and complications of surgery. Results:M/F = 14/6 with a mean age of 63 years. The most common tumour site was at the pancreas head (in 8 patients. The most cause of unresectability was local expansion to critical adjacent elements (in 10 patients. Surgery was performed successfully in all patients. Post-operative complication included only pleural effusion on the left side which was cured by proper treatment. There were no post-op mortalities.  15 patients had acceptable levels of pain at the end of a six month follow-up period. ConclusionTS provides good pain control, little side effects and minimal invasiveness, the technique is recommended for pain control in patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.

  19. Anaesthesia for left thoracoscopic sympathectomy for refractory long ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Left thoracoscopic sympathectomy is an effective treatment for patients who are refractory to medical therapy or who need frequent epicardial internal cardio defibrillator intervention. The authors report three cases, one adult and two children, who underwent successful left thoracoscopic sympathectomy. All three patients ...

  20. The advantages of using photographs and video images in telephone consultations with a specialist in paediatric surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Akkoyun

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the advantages of a telephone consultation with a specialist in paediatric surgery after taking photographs and video images by a general practitioner for the diagnosis of some diseases. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective study of the reliability of paediatric surgery online consultation among specialists and general practitioners. Results: Of 26 general practitioners included in the study, 12 were working in the city and 14 were working in districts outside the city. A total of 41 pictures and 3 videos of 38 patients were sent and evaluated together with the medical history and clinical findings. These patients were diagnosed with umbilical granuloma (n = 6, physiological/pathological phimosis (n = 6, balanitis (n = 6, hydrocele (n = 6, umbilical hernia (n = 4, smegma cyst (n = 2, reductable inguinal hernia (n = 1, incarcerated inguinal hernia (n = 1, paraphimosis (n = 1, burried penis (n = 1, hypospadias (n = 1, epigastric hernia (n = 1, vulva synechia (n = 1, and rectal prolapse (n = 1. Twelve patients were asked to be referred urgently, but it was suggested that only two of these patients, who had paraphimosis and incarcerated inguinal hernia be referred in emergency conditions. It was decided that there was no need for the other ten patients to be referred to a specialist at night or at the weekend. All diagnoses were confirmed to be true, when all patients underwent examination in the pediatric surgery clinic in elective conditions. Conclusion: Evaluation of photographs and video images of a lesion together with medical history and clinical findings via a telephone consultation between a paediatric surgery specialist and a general practitioner provides a definitive diagnosis and prevents patients from being referred unnecessarily.

  1. Thoracoscopic vs open lobectomy in infants and young children with congenital lung malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunisaki, Shaun M; Powelson, Ian A; Haydar, Bishr; Bowshier, Brian C; Jarboe, Marcus D; Mychaliska, George B; Geiger, James D; Hirschl, Ronald B

    2014-02-01

    Although thoracoscopic lobectomy is a widely accepted surgical procedure in adult thoracic surgery, its role in small children remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perioperative outcomes after thoracoscopic and open lobectomy in infants and young children with congenital lung malformations at a single academic referral center. A cohort study of 62 consecutive children who underwent elective pulmonary lobectomy for a congenital lung lesion between 2001 and 2013 was performed. Patient demographics and perioperative outcomes were evaluated in univariate and logistic regression analyses. Forty-nine patients underwent thoracoscopy and 13 had a thoracotomy. Six children undergoing thoracoscopy required conversion to thoracotomy (conversion 12.2%). Perioperative outcomes, including median blood loss (2.0 vs 1.1 mL/kg; p = 0.34), chest tube duration (3 vs 3 days; p = 0.33), hospital length of stay (3 vs 3 days; p = 0.42), and morbidity as defined by the Accordion Grading Scale (30.6% vs 30.8%; p = 0.73), were similar between thoracoscopy and thoracotomy, respectively. Although thoracoscopy was associated with increased operative duration compared with thoracotomy (239.9 vs 181.2 minutes, respectively; p = 0.03), thoracoscopy operative times decreased with increasing institutional experience (p = 0.048). Thoracoscopic lobectomy infants younger than 5 months of age had a 2.5-fold higher rate of perioperative adverse outcomes compared with older children (p = 0.048). In small children undergoing pulmonary lobectomy, both thoracoscopy and thoracotomy are associated with similar perioperative outcomes. The cosmetic and musculoskeletal benefits of the thoracoscopic approach must be balanced against institutional expertise and a potentially higher risk for complications in younger patients. Copyright © 2014 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Thoracoscopic Decortication of Stage III Tuberculous Empyema Is Effective and Safe in Selected Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Arvind; Asaf, Belal B; Lingaraju, Vijay C; Yendamuri, Sai; Pulle, Mohan V; Sood, Jayashree

    2017-09-27

    Open decortication of advanced tuberculous empyema remains standard of care. As with other aspects of thoracic surgery, minimally invasive approaches are making inroads into procedures traditionally performed open. In this retrospective analysis, we sought to examine feasibility, efficacy, and outcomes of thoracoscopic decortication of stage III tuberculous empyema in our experience. The records of all patients in whom thoracoscopic decortication of stage III tuberculous empyema was performed between March 2012 and December 2015 were examined. Demographic and perioperative data were analyzed to assess the surgical outcomes of this study group. To assess long-term efficacy, patients were followed for a minimum of 6 months. One hundred patients fit the study criteria, of these 67 were men. Ninety cases were successfully completed thoracoscopically. Mean operative time was 204 ± 34.2 minutes with mean blood loss of 384 ± 28 mL. Median chest drain duration and hospital stay was 7 days. There was no perioperative deaths. Morbidity rate was 33%, composed mostly of prolonged air leak (29%). Six-month follow-up revealed completely expanded lung in all patients except one with small apical asymptomatic air space. Intraoperative cultures were positive for mycobacteria in 25% patients. Six (6%) of these patients had multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and required a modification in their antituberculous therapy. Thoracoscopic decortication of advanced tuberculous empyema is feasible, safe, and effective with good short- and long-term results in selected patients. In a substantial portion of patients, operative cultures required modifying drug treatment to treat underlying tuberculosis. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Novel methylene blue staining technique for localizing small esophageal leiomyomas during thoracoscopic enucleation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Z; Ai, B; Liao, Y; Liu, L; Liu, M

    2016-11-01

    The treatment of choice for leiomyoma, the most common benign esophageal tumor, is thoracoscopic enucleation. One of the most difficult aspects of thoracoscopic enucleation is the precise localization of small tumors (≤1.5 cm) and tumors without external protrusion. No simple, feasible solutions to this problem are available. We developed a novel methylene blue staining technique to localize small esophageal leiomyomas and evaluated the feasibility of our technique. Between January 2013 and July 2014, eight patients with small esophageal leiomyomas (≤1.5 cm) underwent thoracoscopic enucleation in Tongji Hospital. Preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography was performed in all patients. The leiomyomas were located in the middle (n = 5) and lower (n = 3) thirds of the esophagus. We preoperatively injected 0.5-1.0 mL methylene blue in the submucosa adjacent to the tumors under standard gastroscope guidance. The entire staining process took about 10 minutes. Staining was successful in all patients. The unstained tumor was exposed after the blue-stained mediastinal pleura, and overlying muscle were incised longitudinally. All procedures were successfully completed without conversion to open surgery. No abnormalities were detected in the esophageal mucosa. The median operating time was 60 minutes (range, 40-90 minutes). Postoperative histopathology confirmed leiomyoma in all patients. The median postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range, 5-7 days). No major complications, such as esophageal leakage or esophageal diverticulum, occurred. Endoscopic methylene blue staining is safe and feasible for localizing small esophageal leiomyomas during thoracoscopic enucleation. This method will enable precise and easy enucleation. © 2015 International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus.

  4. Surgical tool detection in cataract surgery videos through multi-image fusion inside a convolutional neural network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Hajj, Hassan; Lamard, Mathieu; Charriere, Katia; Cochener, Beatrice; Quellec, Gwenole

    2017-07-01

    The automatic detection of surgical tools in surgery videos is a promising solution for surgical workflow analysis. It paves the way to various applications, including surgical workflow optimization, surgical skill evaluation and real-time warning generation. A solution based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is proposed in this paper. Unlike existing solutions, the proposed CNN does not analyze images independently. it analyzes sequences of consecutive images. Features extracted from each image by the CNN are fused inside the network using the optical flow. For improved performance, this multi-image fusion strategy is also applied while training the CNN. The proposed framework was evaluated in a dataset of 30 cataract surgery videos (6 hours of videos). Ten tool categories were defined by surgeons. The proposed system was able to detect each of these categories with a high area under the ROC curve (0.953 ≤ Az ≤ 0.987). The proposed detector, based on multi-image fusion, was significantly more sensitive and specific than a similar system analyzing images independently (p = 2.98 × 10(-6) and p = 2.07 × 10(-3), respectively).

  5. Hemodynamic responses to endotracheal intubation performed with video and direct laryngoscopy in patients scheduled for major cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkılar, Gamze; Sargın, Mehmet; Sarıtaş, Tuba Berra; Borazan, Hale; Gök, Funda; Kılıçaslan, Alper; Otelcioğlu, Şeref

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to compare the hemodynamic responses to endotracheal intubation performed with direct and video laryngoscope in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery and to assess the airway and laryngoscopic characteristics. One hundred ten patients were equally allocated to either direct Macintosh laryngoscope (n = 55) or indirect Macintosh C-MAC video laryngoscope (n = 55). Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure, and heart rate were recorded prior to induction anesthesia, and immediately and two minutes after intubation. Airway characteristics (modified Mallampati, thyromental distance, sternomental distance, mouth opening, upper lip bite test, Wilson risk sum score), mask ventilation, laryngoscopic characteristics (Cormack-Lehane, percentage of glottic opening), intubation time, number of attempts, external pressure application, use of stylet and predictors of difficult intubation (modified Mallampati grade 3-4, thyromental distance Cormack-Lehane grade 3-4) were recorded. Hemodynamic parameters were similar between the groups at all time points of measurement. Airway characteristics and mask ventilation were no significant between the groups. The C-MAC video laryngoscope group had better laryngoscopic view as assessed by Cormack-Lehane and percentage of glottic view, and a longer intubation time. Number of attempts, external pressure, use of stylet, and difficult intubation parameters were similar. Endotracheal intubation performed with direct Macintosh laryngoscope or indirect Macintosh C-MAC video laryngoscope causes similar and stable hemodynamic responses.

  6. [Effect of perioperative treatment with ambroxol on lung cancer patients after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Cheng, Yuanda; Dong, Shuo; He, Zhiwei; Zhou, Wolong; Liang, Lubiao; Zhang, Chunfang

    2014-08-01

    To evaluate the influence of perioperative intravenous administration of ambroxol on pulmonary function, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay, and cost after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer. Sixty patients who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between May 2011 and May 2012 were randomly assigned into 2 groups: An ambroxol group (n=30) and a control group (n=30). In the ambroxol group, patients were given ambroxol (1 000 mg/d) on the day of operation and on the first 3 postoperative days. In control group, placebo was given. The pulmonary function tests, arterial blood gases, incidence of perioperative morbidity, postoperative mechanical ventilation time, duration of ICU stay, length and costs of postoperative hospital stay were compared between the 2 groups. The 2 groups were well matched for demographics and operative variables. The ambroxol group showed better the percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%), the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%), the percent predicted diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO%) and arterial oxygen pressure than the control group. The postoperative pulmonary complications was significantly reduced, the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of ICU stay were shortened, and the length and costs of postoperative hospital stay were significantly decreased in the ambroxol group compared with the control group (all Pambroxol can improve the postoperative lung function, reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications, shorten the length of postoperative hospital stay, and lower the total cost of hospitalization after video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer.

  7. Thoracoscopic versus open pulmonary metastasectomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eckardt, Jens; Licht, Peter B

    2012-01-01

    eligible for pulmonary metastasectomy by VATS prospectively underwent high-definition VATS by one surgical team followed by immediate thoracotomy with bimanual palpation and resection of all palpable nodules by a second surgical team during the same anaesthesia. Both surgical teams were blinded during...... preoperative evaluation of CT-scans and during surgery. Primary endpoints were number and histology of nodules detected.RESULTS:During a 12 months period 37 patients were included. Both surgical teams observed exactly 55 nodules suspicious of metastases on CT-scans. Fifty-one nodules were palpable during VATS...

  8. Uncompressed video image transmission of laparoscopic or endoscopic surgery for telemedicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ke-Jian; Qiu, Zheng-Jun; Fu, Chun-Yu; Shimizu, Shuji; Okamura, Koji

    2008-06-01

    Traditional narrowband telemedicine cannot provide quality dynamic images. We conducted videoconferences of laparoscopic and endoscopic operations via an uncompressed video transmission technique. A superfast broadband Internet link was set up between Shanghai in the People's Republic of China and Fukuoka in Japan. Uncompressed dynamic video images of laparoscopic and endoscopic operations were transmitted by a digital video transfer system (DVTS). Seven teleconferences were conducted between June 2005 and June 2007. Of the 7 teleconferences, 5 were live surgical demonstrations and 3 were recorded video teleconsultations. Smoothness of the motion picture, sharpness of images, and clarity of sound were benefited by this form of telemedicine based upon DVTS. Telemedicine based upon DVTS is a superior choice for laparoscopic and endoscopic skill training across the borders.

  9. High definition in minimally invasive surgery: a review of methods for recording, editing, and distributing video.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Christopher R; Hogle, Nancy J; Landman, Jaime; Fowler, Dennis L

    2008-09-01

    The use of high-definition cameras and monitors during minimally invasive procedures can provide the surgeon and operating team with more than twice the resolution of standard definition systems. Although this dramatic improvement in visualization offers numerous advantages, the adoption of high definition cameras in the operating room can be challenging because new recording equipment must be purchased, and several new technologies are required to edit and distribute video. The purpose of this review article is to provide an overview of the popular methods for recording, editing, and distributing high-definition video. This article discusses the essential technical concepts of high-definition video, reviews the different kinds of equipment and methods most often used for recording, and describes several options for video distribution.

  10. [Contribution of Perioperative Oral Health Care and Management for Patients who Underwent General Thoracic Surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Hajime; Minamiya, Yoshihiro

    2016-01-01

    Due to the recent advances in radiological diagnostic technology, the role of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in thoracic disease has expanded, surgical indication extended to the elderly patients. Cancer patients receiving surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy may encounter complications in conjunction with the oral cavity such as aspiration pneumonia, surgical site infection and various type of infection. Recently, it is recognized that oral health care management is effective to prevent the postoperative infectious complications, especially pneumonia. Therefore, oral management should be scheduled before start of therapy to prevent these complications as supportive therapy of the cancer treatment. In this background, perioperative oral function management is highlighted in the remuneration for dental treatment revision of 2012,and the importance of oral care has been recognized in generally. In this manuscript, we introduce the several opinions and evidence based on the recent previous reports about the perioperative oral health care and management on thoracic surgery.

  11. 3D virtual rendering in thoracoscopic treatment of congenital malformation of the lung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Destro F.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Congenital malformations of the lung (CML are rare but potentially dangerous congenital malformations. Their identification is important in order to define the most appropriate management. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from 37 patients affected by CML treated in our Pediatric Surgery Unit in the last four years with minimally invasive surgery (MIS. Results: Prenatal diagnosis was possible in 26/37 patients. Surgery was performed in the first month of life in 3 symptomatic patients and between 6 and 12 months in the others. All patients underwent radiological evaluation prior to thoracoscopic surgery. Images collected were reconstructed using the VR render software. Discussion and conclusions: Volume rendering gives high anatomical resolution and it can be useful to guide the surgical procedure. Thoracoscopy should be the technique of choice because it is safe, effective and feasible. Furthermore it has the benefit of a minimal access technique and it can be easily performed in children.

  12. Video-assisted thoracoscopic pericardial window for penetrating ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ten and 3 patients sustained stab and gunshot wounds, respectively. The mean revised trauma score was 7.84. Ultrasound was performed in 12 patients; the results were equivocal for 2 patients, and positive for an effusion in 4 patients. Haemopericardium was found in 3 patients, 2 of whom proceeded to sternotomy.

  13. Digital video.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Don; Johnson, Mike

    2004-04-01

    The process of digital capture, editing, and archiving video has become an important aspect of documenting arthroscopic surgery. Recording the arthroscopic findings before and after surgery is an essential part of the patient's medical record. The hardware and software has become more reasonable to purchase, but the learning curve to master the software is steep. Digital video is captured at the time of arthroscopy to a hard disk, and written to a CD at the end of the operative procedure. The process of obtaining video of open procedures is more complex. Outside video of the procedure is recorded on digital tape with a digital video camera. The camera must be plugged into a computer to capture the video on the hard disk. Adobe Premiere software is used to edit the video and render the finished video to the hard drive. This finished video is burned onto a CD. We outline the choice of computer hardware and software for the manipulation of digital video. The techniques of backup and archiving the completed projects and files also are outlined. The uses of digital video for education and the formats that can be used in PowerPoint presentations are discussed.

  14. Video-assisted minithoracotomy for pulmonary laceration with a massive hemothorax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, Hideki; Kawai, Hideki; Togashi, Shuntaro; Matsuo, Tsubasa

    2014-01-01

    Severe intrathoracic hemorrhage from pulmonary parenchyma is the most serious complication of pulmonary laceration after blunt trauma requiring immediate surgical hemostasis through open thoracotomy. The safety and efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) techniques for this life-threatening condition have not been fully evaluated yet. We report a case of pulmonary laceration with a massive hemothorax after blunt trauma successfully treated using a combination of muscle-sparing minithoracotomy with VATS techniques (video-assisted minithoracotomy). A 22-year-old man was transferred to our department after a falling accident. A diagnosis of right-sided pneumothorax was made on physical examination and urgent chest decompression was performed with a tube thoracostomy. Chest computed tomographic scan revealed pulmonary laceration with hematoma in the right lung. The pulmonary hematoma extending along segmental pulmonary artery in the helium of the middle lobe ruptured suddenly into the thoracic cavity, resulting in hemorrhagic shock on the fourth day after admission. Emergency right middle lobectomy was performed through video-assisted minithoracotomy. We used two cotton dissectors as a chopstick for achieving compression hemostasis during surgery. The patient recovered satisfactorily. Video-assisted minithoracotomy can be an alternative approach for the treatment of pulmonary lacerations with a massive hemothorax in hemodynamically unstable patients.

  15. Video-Assisted Minithoracotomy for Pulmonary Laceration with a Massive Hemothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideki Ota

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Severe intrathoracic hemorrhage from pulmonary parenchyma is the most serious complication of pulmonary laceration after blunt trauma requiring immediate surgical hemostasis through open thoracotomy. The safety and efficacy of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS techniques for this life-threatening condition have not been fully evaluated yet. We report a case of pulmonary laceration with a massive hemothorax after blunt trauma successfully treated using a combination of muscle-sparing minithoracotomy with VATS techniques (video-assisted minithoracotomy. A 22-year-old man was transferred to our department after a falling accident. A diagnosis of right-sided pneumothorax was made on physical examination and urgent chest decompression was performed with a tube thoracostomy. Chest computed tomographic scan revealed pulmonary laceration with hematoma in the right lung. The pulmonary hematoma extending along segmental pulmonary artery in the helium of the middle lobe ruptured suddenly into the thoracic cavity, resulting in hemorrhagic shock on the fourth day after admission. Emergency right middle lobectomy was performed through video-assisted minithoracotomy. We used two cotton dissectors as a chopstick for achieving compression hemostasis during surgery. The patient recovered satisfactorily. Video-assisted minithoracotomy can be an alternative approach for the treatment of pulmonary lacerations with a massive hemothorax in hemodynamically unstable patients.

  16. Preserving the pulmonary vagus nerve branches during thoracoscopic esophagectomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijs, Teus J.; Ruurda, Jelle P.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/257561021; Luyer, Misha D P; Nieuwenhuijzen, Grard A P; van der Horst, Sylvia; Bleys, Ronald L A W|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/134440455; van Hillegersberg, Richard|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/110706242

    Background: Pulmonary vagus branches are transected as part of a transthoracic esophagectomy and lymphadenectomy for cancer. This may contribute to the development of postoperative pulmonary complications. Studies in which sparing of the pulmonary vagus nerve branches during thoracoscopic

  17. Detection and Localization of Robotic Tools in Robot-Assisted Surgery Videos Using Deep Neural Networks for Region Proposal and Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarikaya, Duygu; Corso, Jason J; Guru, Khurshid A

    2017-07-01

    Video understanding of robot-assisted surgery (RAS) videos is an active research area. Modeling the gestures and skill level of surgeons presents an interesting problem. The insights drawn may be applied in effective skill acquisition, objective skill assessment, real-time feedback, and human-robot collaborative surgeries. We propose a solution to the tool detection and localization open problem in RAS video understanding, using a strictly computer vision approach and the recent advances of deep learning. We propose an architecture using multimodal convolutional neural networks for fast detection and localization of tools in RAS videos. To the best of our knowledge, this approach will be the first to incorporate deep neural networks for tool detection and localization in RAS videos. Our architecture applies a region proposal network (RPN) and a multimodal two stream convolutional network for object detection to jointly predict objectness and localization on a fusion of image and temporal motion cues. Our results with an average precision of 91% and a mean computation time of 0.1 s per test frame detection indicate that our study is superior to conventionally used methods for medical imaging while also emphasizing the benefits of using RPN for precision and efficiency. We also introduce a new data set, ATLAS Dione, for RAS video understanding. Our data set provides video data of ten surgeons from Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, USA, performing six different surgical tasks on the daVinci Surgical System (dVSS) with annotations of robotic tools per frame.

  18. Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy: four-year experience of a single team in a General Surgery Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scerrino, G; Paladino, N C; Di Paola, V; Morfino, G; Inviati, A; Amodio, E; Gulotta, G; Bonventre, S

    2013-06-01

    Minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy (MIVAT) is a surgical technique that has showed increasingly good results, particularly in endocrine surgery centers. The aim of this prospective, non-randomized study was to evaluate feasibility, advantages and critical aspects of MIVAT in a general surgery unit. Two hundred twenty-four patients underwent total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid disease from May, 2008 to April, 2011. They were divided into two groups: one underwent conventional thyroidectomy (CT), and the other underwent MIVAT. The inclusion criteria were thyroid volume ≤35 mL and main nodule size ≤35 mm. For each patient, socio-demographic variables, hospitalization data and outcome measures (complication rate, operating time, post-operative pain, observer and patient scar assessment scale [OSAS and PSAS, respectively]) were collected. Multivariate regression analyses were done to assess the principal covariates affecting these outcome measures. There were 125 MIVATs and 99 CTs performed. The two groups were characterized by difference in age (38.4 vs. 50.9 years) and thyroid volume (18.6 vs. 23.3 mL). OSAS/PSAS scores were statistically significant in the MIVAT group (Pcosmetic results. It can be performed in younger patients and in all cases in which there is a clear indication for the procedure. Its advantages were confirmed in a general surgery unit where correct indications were followed.

  19. Plastic Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Staying Safe Videos for Educators Search English Español Plastic Surgery KidsHealth / For Teens / Plastic Surgery What's in ... her forehead lightened with a laser? What Is Plastic Surgery? Just because the name includes the word " ...

  20. Compliance of surgical hand washing before surgery: Role of remote video surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Ambreen; Nausheen, Sidrah

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate and increase the compliance of surgical hand scrubbing with periodic feedback. This study was conducted at the Aga Khan Hospital for Women and Children, Karachi, Pakistan, from April to July 2014. A remote video auditing system consisting of human auditors was used for visualising surgical hand wash compliance of the surgical team. The equipment, which used motion sensor, was installed in the scrub area wall, visualising the scrub sink only. A clock was displayed for the healthcare professionals to aid in ensuring two-minute hand washing. All surgeons, technicians and surgical assistants were included in the study. Surgical scrubbing was measured during a 4-week period by remote video auditing without feedback and a 12-week period with feedback. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis. Of the 534 observations, 150(28%) were made during the pre-feedback period and 384(71.9%) during the post-feedback period. During the first 4 weeks, the overall compliance was 22(14.6%). The rate of compliance increased to 310(80.7%) during the 12-week post-feedback period. Video surveillance with feedback for hand washing was found to be an effective tool for measuring hand hygiene and improving compliance.

  1. Miniature stereoscopic video system provides real-time 3D registration and image fusion for minimally invasive surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaron, Avi; Bar-Zohar, Meir; Horesh, Nadav

    2007-02-01

    Sophisticated surgeries require the integration of several medical imaging modalities, like MRI and CT, which are three-dimensional. Many efforts are invested in providing the surgeon with this information in an intuitive & easy to use manner. A notable development, made by Visionsense, enables the surgeon to visualize the scene in 3D using a miniature stereoscopic camera. It also provides real-time 3D measurements that allow registration of navigation systems as well as 3D imaging modalities, overlaying these images on the stereoscopic video image in real-time. The real-time MIS 'see through tissue' fusion solutions enable the development of new MIS procedures in various surgical segments, such as spine, abdomen, cardio-thoracic and brain. This paper describes 3D surface reconstruction and registration methods using Visionsense camera, as a step toward fully automated multi-modality 3D registration.

  2. Comparison of GlideScope video laryngoscopy and Macintosh laryngoscope in ear-nose and throat surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misirlioglu, G; Sen, O

    2016-08-01

    Endotracheal intubation procedure employed during general anaesthesia is the most effective way for keeping the airways and respiration under control and has low risk of complications. We have aimed in this study to compare the first-attempt success and duration of the endotracheal intubation process and its effects on haemodynamics using the Macintosh laryngoscope and the GlideScope video laryngoscope. In this prospective randomized single-centre study, 100 patients of 18-65 years of age, and classified within the American Society of Anaesthesiologists' (ASA) I-II risk groups before elective ear-nose and throat surgery were included. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, designated as Group M, to be intubated using the Macintosh laryngoscope, and as Group G, to be intubated using the GlideScope video laryngoscope. The Mallampati scores, Cormack-Lehane classifications, intubation duration, number of attempts at intubation, the haemodynamic response and the complications were recorded. There were not intergroup differences with respect to the number of intubation attempts, the Mallampati and Cormack-Lehane classifications. Duration of intubation was found to be longer in group G. The haemodynamic response values of group M were higher than those of group G. Although there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the number of intubation attempts, two of the patients in group M were intubated in the second attempt. In our study, despite the longer intubation times in group G, the haemodynamic response was significantly lower in this group. It is believed that especially in cases with vital requirement of haemodynamic stability, the GlideScope video laryngoscope would be safer to employ.

  3. Modification of the Miyake-Apple technique for simultaneous anterior and posterior video imaging of wet laboratory-based corneal surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Johnson C H; Meadows, Howard; Gupta, Aanchal; Yeung, Sonia N; Moloney, Gregory

    2014-03-01

    The aim of this study was to describe a modification of the Miyake-Apple posterior video analysis for the simultaneous visualization of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces during wet laboratory-based deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). A human donor corneoscleral button was affixed to a microscope slide and placed onto a custom-made mounting box. A big bubble DALK was performed on the cornea in the wet laboratory. An 11-diopter intraocular lens was positioned over the aperture of the back camera of an iPhone. This served to video record the posterior view of the corneoscleral button during the big bubble formation. An overhead operating microscope with an attached video camcorder recorded the anterior view during the surgery. The anterior and posterior views of the wet laboratory-based DALK surgery were simultaneously captured and edited using video editing software. The formation of the big bubble can be studied. This video recording camera system has the potential to act as a valuable research and teaching tool in corneal lamellar surgery, especially in the behavior of the big bubble formation in DALK.

  4. Transsphenoidal surgery using a high definition video telescope for pituitary adenomas in dogs with pituitary dependent hypercortisolism: methods and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamelak, Adam N; Owen, Tina Jo; Bruyette, David

    2014-05-01

    To (1) establish a technique for transsphenoidal removal of pituitary adenomas in dogs with pituitary dependent hypercortisolism (PDH) using a high definition video telescope, and (2) report initial outcomes. Prospective case series. Dogs with pituitary dependent hypercortisolism (PDH; n = 26) with suprasellar masses. Pituitary tumors were removed using a modification of a transoral transsphenoidal approach. Surgery was observed using a high definition video telescope (VITOM™) and localization of the sella was performed by drilling pilot holes in the basisphenoid bone followed by computed tomography (CT). Dogs had PDH confirmed by urinary cortisol to creatinine ratio (UCCR) and endogenous ACTH assays, and tumors confirmed by MRI. There were no postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leaks, wound dehiscence, or surgical site infections. Overall postoperative mortality was 19% with no mortality observed in the last 16 dogs, indicating an initial "learning curve" followed by good surgical results. All dogs that survived the immediate postoperative period (1 week) returned to their owners in good health, on hormonal replacement therapy. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 36 months. Sustained tumor control and hormonal remission based on normalized ACTH and UCCR measurements were observed in 20/21 (95%) dogs at 1-year follow-up. Modifications of a trans-oral transsphenoidal technique for surgical removal of pituitary tumors provides a safe and effective strategy for long-term remission of PDH with acceptable morbidity and mortality. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  5. Treatment of Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Surgery or Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzel, Esengül Koçak; Abacıoğlu, Ufuk

    2015-01-01

    The management of early-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) has improved recently due to advances in surgical and radiation modalities. Minimally-invasive procedures like Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy decreases the morbidity of surgery, while the numerous methods of staging the mediastinum such as endobronchial and endoscopic ultrasound-guided biopsies are helping to achieve the objectives much more effectively. Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) has become the frontrunner as the standard of care in medically inoperable early stage NSCLC patients, and has also been branded as tolerable and highly effective. Ongoing researches using SABR are continuously validating the optimal dosing and fractionation schemes, while at the same time instituting its role for both inoperable and operable patients. PMID:25759766

  6. Efficacy of Endoscopic Fluorescein Video Angiography in Aneurysm Surgery-Novel and Innovative Assessment of Vascular Blood Flow in the Dead Angles of the Microscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, Koji; Kinouchi, Hiroyuki; Yoshioka, Hideyuki; Kanemaru, Kazuya; Ogiwara, Masakazu; Yagi, Takashi; Wakai, Takuma; Fukumoto, Yuichiro

    2017-08-01

    In aneurysm surgery, assessment of the blood flow around the aneurysm is crucial. Recently, intraoperative fluorescence video angiography has been widely adopted for this purpose. However, the observation field of this procedure is limited to the microscopic view, and it is difficult to visualize blood flow obscured by the skull base anatomy, parent arteries, and aneurysm. To demonstrate the efficacy of a new small-caliber endoscopic fluorescence video angiography system employing sodium fluorescein in aneurysm surgery for the first time. Eighteen patients with 18 cerebral aneurysms were enrolled in this study. Both microscopic fluorescence angiography and endoscopic fluorescein video angiography were performed before and after clip placement. Endoscopic fluorescein video angiography provided bright fluorescence imaging even with a 2.7-mm-diameter endoscope and clearly revealed blood flow within the vessels in the dead angle areas of the microscope in all 18 aneurysms. Consequently, it revealed information about aneurysmal occlusion and perforator patency in 15 aneurysms (83.3%) that was not obtainable with microscopic fluorescence video angiography. Furthermore, only endoscopic video angiography detected the incomplete clipping in 2 aneurysms and the occlusion of the perforating branches in 3 aneurysms, which led to the reapplication of clips in 2 aneurysms. The innovative endoscopic fluorescein video angiography system we developed features a small-caliber endoscope and bright fluorescence images. Because it reveals blood flow in the dead angle areas of the microscope, this novel system could contribute to the safety and long-term effectiveness of aneurysm surgery even in a narrow operative field.

  7. REPORT ON FIRST INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON ROBOTIC SURGERY IN THORACIC ONCOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Veronesi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A workshop of experts from France, Germany, Italy and the United States took place at Humanitas Research Hospital Milan, Italy, on 10-11 February 2016, to examine techniques for and applications of robotic surgery to thoracic oncology. The main topics of presentation and discussion were: robotic surgery for lung resection; robot-assisted thymectomy; minimally invasive surgery for esophageal cancer; new developments in computer-assisted surgery and medical applications of robots; the challenge of costs; and future clinical research in robotic thoracic surgery. The following article summarizes the main contributions to the workshop. The Workshop consensus was that, since video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS is becoming the mainstream approach to resectable lung cancer in North America and Europe, robotic surgery for thoracic oncology is likely to be embraced by an increasing numbers of thoracic surgeons, since it has technical advantages over VATS, including intuitive movements, tremor filtration, more degrees of manipulative freedom, motion scaling, and high definition stereoscopic vision. These advantages may make robotic surgery more accessible than VATS to trainees and experienced surgeons, and also lead to expanded indications. However the high costs of robotic surgery and absence of tactile feedback remain obstacles to widespread dissemination. A prospective multicentric randomized trial (NCT02804893 to compare robotic and VATS approaches to stage I and II lung cancer will start shortly.

  8. Report on First International Workshop on Robotic Surgery in Thoracic Oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veronesi, Giulia; Cerfolio, Robert; Cingolani, Roberto; Rueckert, Jens C; Soler, Luc; Toker, Alper; Cariboni, Umberto; Bottoni, Edoardo; Fumagalli, Uberto; Melfi, Franca; Milli, Carlo; Novellis, Pierluigi; Voulaz, Emanuele; Alloisio, Marco

    2016-01-01

    A workshop of experts from France, Germany, Italy, and the United States took place at Humanitas Research Hospital Milan, Italy, on February 10 and 11, 2016, to examine techniques for and applications of robotic surgery to thoracic oncology. The main topics of presentation and discussion were robotic surgery for lung resection; robot-assisted thymectomy; minimally invasive surgery for esophageal cancer; new developments in computer-assisted surgery and medical applications of robots; the challenge of costs; and future clinical research in robotic thoracic surgery. The following article summarizes the main contributions to the workshop. The Workshop consensus was that since video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is becoming the mainstream approach to resectable lung cancer in North America and Europe, robotic surgery for thoracic oncology is likely to be embraced by an increasing numbers of thoracic surgeons, since it has technical advantages over VATS, including intuitive movements, tremor filtration, more degrees of manipulative freedom, motion scaling, and high-definition stereoscopic vision. These advantages may make robotic surgery more accessible than VATS to trainees and experienced surgeons and also lead to expanded indications. However, the high costs of robotic surgery and absence of tactile feedback remain obstacles to widespread dissemination. A prospective multicentric randomized trial (NCT02804893) to compare robotic and VATS approaches to stages I and II lung cancer will start shortly.

  9. Review of video-assisted thoracoscopy in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oak S

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Open thoracotomy is the standard procedure for various thoracic diseases against which other procedures are compared. Currently Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS has gained widespread acceptance in the management of a variety of thoracic disorders. It decreases the morbidity and duration of hospital stay. A total of 133 children with various thoracic diseases who presented at a University Teaching Hospital in the Department of Pediatric Surgery, from June 2000 to December 2007, were included. Of the 133 patients,116 patients had empyema, all of whom were subjected to VATS, and an attempt at debridement/decortication and drainage was made. Other thoracic disorders treated included lung abscesses, lung biopsies, hydatid cysts, and so on. Patients with empyema were treated according to their stage of disease. Of the 116 patients who underwent thoracoscopy, 16 had to be converted to open surgery due to various reasons. The mean duration for removal of drain was three days and the average total duration of hospital stay was six days. Similarly the application of VATS was advantageous in other thoracic diseases.

  10. The erector spinae plane block in 4 cases of video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luis-Navarro, J C; Seda-Guzmán, M; Luis-Moreno, C; López-Romero, J L

    2018-01-11

    Multimodal anaesthesia, combining epidural catheter and general anaesthesia, is a common technique in thoracic surgery, however, epidural catheter placement is not always possible. Recently, erector spinae plane block has been described, which provides analgesia like that of the epidural block, although unilateral, and which has been used in various procedures at thoracic level. At present, there are no studies comparing the efficacy or safety of this block with those commonly used in thoracic surgery. However, its safety profile and contraindications seem different from those of the epidural catheter, since its placement is done under ultrasound view, the needle introduction is done in plane and the ultrasound target, the transverse process, is easily identifiable and is relatively remote from major neural or vascular structures and the pleura. Unlike other blockages made by anatomical references, erector spinae plane block can be done with the patient in different positions. We describe our experience with erector spinae plane block as part of a multimodal anaesthetic approach in thoracic surgery. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Facial esthetics and the assignment of personality traits before and after orthognathic surgery rated on video clips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinko, Klaus; Jagsch, Reinhold; Drog, Claudio; Mosgoeller, Wilhelm; Wutzl, Arno; Millesi, Gabriele; Klug, Clemens

    2018-01-01

    Typically, before and after surgical correction faces are assessed on still images by surgeons, orthodontists, the patients, and family members. We hypothesized that judgment of faces in motion and by naïve raters may closer reflect the impact on patients' real life, and the treatment impact on e.g. career chances. Therefore we assessed faces from dysgnathic patients (Class II, III and Laterognathia) on video clips. Class I faces served as anchor and controls. Each patient's face was assessed twice before and after treatment in changing sequence, by 155 naïve raters with similar age to the patients. The raters provided independent estimates on aesthetic trait pairs like ugly /beautiful, and personality trait pairs like dominant /flexible. Furthermore the perception of attractiveness, intelligence, health, the persons' erotic aura, faithfulness, and five additional items were rated. We estimated the significance of the perceived treatment related differences and the respective effect size by general linear models for repeated measures. The obtained results were comparable to our previous rating on still images. There was an overall trend, that faces in video clips are rated along common stereotypes to a lesser extent than photographs. We observed significant class differences and treatment related changes of most aesthetic traits (e.g. beauty, attractiveness), these were comparable to intelligence, erotic aura and to some extend healthy appearance. While some personality traits (e.g. faithfulness) did not differ between the classes and between baseline and after treatment, we found that the intervention significantly and effectively altered the perception of the personality trait self-confidence. The effect size was highest in Class III patients, smallest in Class II patients, and in between for patients with Laterognathia. All dysgnathic patients benefitted from orthognathic surgery. We conclude that motion can mitigate marked stereotypes but does not entirely

  12. Developing the Storyline for an Advance Care Planning Video for Surgery Patients: Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Engagement from Stakeholder Summit to State Fair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslakson, Rebecca A; Schuster, Anne L R; Lynch, Thomas J; Weiss, Matthew J; Gregg, Lydia; Miller, Judith; Isenberg, Sarina R; Crossnohere, Norah L; Conca-Cheng, Alison M; Volandes, Angelo E; Smith, Thomas J; Bridges, John F P

    2018-01-01

    Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline. The design is a stakeholder-guided development of the ACP video storyline. Design-thinking methods explored and prioritized stakeholder perspectives. Patients and family members evaluated storyboards containing the proposed storyline. The study was conducted at hospital outpatient surgical clinics, in-person stakeholder summit, and the 2014 Maryland State Fair. Measurements are done through stakeholder engagement and deidentified survey. Stakeholders evaluated and prioritized evidence from an environmental scan. A surgeon, family member, and palliative care physician team iteratively developed a script featuring 12 core themes and worked with a medical graphic designer to translate the script into storyboards. For 10 days, 359 attendees of the 2014 Maryland State Fair evaluated the storyboards and 87% noted that they would be "very comfortable" or "comfortable" seeing the storyboard before major surgery, 89% considered the storyboards "very helpful" or "helpful," and 89% would "definitely recommend" or "recommend" this story to others preparing for major surgery. Through an iterative process utilizing diverse PCOR engagement methods and informed by SLT, storyboards were developed for an ACP video. Field testing revealed the storyline to be highly meaningful for surgery patients and family members.

  13. Minimally invasive pediatric surgery: Our experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saravanan K

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Departmental survey of the pediatric laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures. Materials and Methods: It is a retrospective study from January 1999 to December 2007. The various types of surgeries, number of patients, complications and conversions of laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures were analyzed. Results: The number of minimally invasive procedures that had been performed over the past 9 years is 734, out of which thoracoscopic procedures alone were 48. The majority of the surgeries were appendicectomy (31%, orchiopexy (19% and diagnostic laparoscopy (16%. The other advanced procedures include laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty, surgery for Hirschprung′s disease, thoracosocpic decortication, congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair, nephrectomy, fundoplication, etc. Our complications are postoperative fever, bleeding, bile leak following choledochal cyst excision and pneumothorax following bronchogenic cyst excision. A case of empyema thorax following thoracoscopic decortication succumbed due to disseminated tuberculosis. Our conversion rate was around 5% in the years 1999 to 2001, which has come down to 3% over the past few years. Conversions were for sliding hiatus hernia, nephrectomy, perforated adherent appendicitis, Meckel′s diverticulum, thoracoscopic decortication and ileal perforation. Conclusion: The minimally invasive pediatric surgical technique is increasingly accepted world wide and the need for laparoscopic training has become essential in every teaching hospital. It has a lot of advantages, such as less pain, early return to school and scarlessness. Our conversion rate has come down from 5% to 3% with experience and now we do more advanced procedures with a lower complication rate.

  14. [Endoscopic surgery accelerates recovery from empyema].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nummi, Annu; Räsänen, Jari; Kauppi, Juha; Piilonen, Anneli; Sihvo, Eero; Salo, Jarmo

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of thoracic empyema is increasing. Early treatment of empyema should focus on optimal drainage and antibiotics. If conventional therapy fails, surgical intervention has to be considered and approximately 30% of all patients require surgery. In a three-year period (2011-2013), 182 patients were operated at Helsinki University Hospital due to pleural empyema. Thoracoscopic decortication was performed on 44% of the patients and 56% underwent open surgery. After thoracoscopy, the patients had a shorter hospital stay and fewer reoperations. Thoracoscopic decortication should therefore be the first-line procedure in the surgical treatment of pleural empyema.

  15. Video visual analytics

    OpenAIRE

    Höferlin, Markus Johannes

    2013-01-01

    The amount of video data recorded world-wide is tremendously growing and has already reached hardly manageable dimensions. It originates from a wide range of application areas, such as surveillance, sports analysis, scientific video analysis, surgery documentation, and entertainment, and its analysis represents one of the challenges in computer science. The vast amount of video data renders manual analysis by watching the video data impractical. However, automatic evaluation of video material...

  16. Use of a preanesthetic video for facilitation of parental education and anxiolysis before pediatric ambulatory surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassady, J F; Wysocki, T T; Miller, K M; Cancel, D D; Izenberg, N

    1999-02-01

    In this study, we evaluated the effects of viewing an educational videotape about pediatric anesthesia on measures of parental knowledge of anesthesia and preoperative anxiety using a randomized, controlled design. During their routine preoperative visit, 85 parents of children scheduled to undergo ambulatory surgical procedures under general anesthesia were randomized to view either the experimental videotape about pediatric anesthesia or a control videotape with no medical content. Before and immediately after viewing the assigned videotape, parents completed measures of situational anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State), preoperative anxiety and need for information (Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale), and anesthesia knowledge (Standard Anesthesia Learning Test). Repeated-measures analyses of variance showed that parents who viewed the experimental videotape showed a significant increase in anesthesia knowledge (P anxiety (P anxiety, and need for information (P preoperative educational videotape about pediatric anesthesia can provide immediate educational and anxiolytic benefits for parents of children undergoing ambulatory surgery. The duration of these benefits remains to be determined. In this study, we demonstrated the benefits of viewing an educational videotape about pediatric anesthesia on measures of parental knowledge of anesthesia and preoperative anxiety using a randomized, controlled design. We found that videotape viewing facilitated preoperative preparation and lessened preoperative anxiety.

  17. Post site metastasis of breast cancer after video-assisted thoracic surgery for pulmonary metastasis of breast cancer: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Mee Hyun; Hwang, Ji Young; Hyun, Su Jeong; Lee, Yul; Woo, Ji Young; Yang, Ik; Hong, Hye Sook; Kim, Han Myun [Dept. of Radiology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    We reported a case of port site metastasis in a 57-year-old patient who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) resection of pulmonary metastasis from breast cancer. Port site metastasis after VATS is very rare in patients with breast cancer. However, when suspicious lesions are detected near the port site in patients who have undergone VATS for pulmonary metastasis, port site metastasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis.

  18. Video-Assisted Laser Resection of Lung Metastases-Feasibility of a New Surgical Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Christian; Bartsch, Detlef; Mirow, Nikolas; Kirschbaum, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    Background Our pilot study describes our initial experience to do a laser resection of lung metastases under video-assisted thoracoscopic control via a minithoracotomy. With this approach, if needed, mediastinal lymphadenectomy is also possible. Methods In this study, 15 patients (11 men and 4 women, mean age: 60 years) with resectable lung metastases of different solid primary tumors (colorectal cancer in seven patients, melanoma in three patients, renal cell carcinoma in two patients, and one each with oropharyngeal cancer, breast cancer, and seminoma) were included. An anterior minithoracotomy incision (approximately 5-7 cm length) was created in the fifth intercostal space and a soft tissue retractor (Alexis Protector; Applied Medical) was positioned. Two additional working ports were inserted. The entire lung was palpated via the minithoracotomy. All detected lung metastases were removed under thoracoscopic control. Nonanatomic resections were performed using a diode-pumped neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser (LIMAX120; KLS Martin GmbH & Co KG) with a laser power of 80 W in a noncontact modus. Deeper parenchymal lesions were sutured. Results A total of 29 lung metastases up to 30 mm in size were resected and all metastases diagnosed on preoperative imaging were detected. All diagnosed lung metastases were completely resected (R0). The median operation time was 102 (range: 85-120) minutes. Median blood loss was 47.6 mL and no postoperative complications occurred. Neither local recurrences nor new lung metastases were observed within 6 months after the procedures. Conclusion Video-assisted laser resection of lung metastases is safe, effective, and fulfills the requirements of modern lung metastases surgery. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Self-Appraised Readiness of Senior and Graduating General Surgery Residents to Perform Thoracic Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBoard, Zachary M; Paisley, Michael; Thomas, Donald D

    2017-12-19

    General surgeons perform up to 50% of noncardiac thoracic surgery (TS). Although data show consistent TS case volume during general surgery (GS) residency it is unknown whether this operative trend will persist given potentially limited subspecialty exposure. We sought to determine if certain aspects of residency programs and resident characteristics were associated with trainees' perceived comfort in performing certain basic TS procedures. An anonymous survey was distributed to GS residents regarding program characteristics, presence of a TS residency, and intent to pursue thoracic surgical training, and estimated case volumes of individual procedures. Comfort levels for performing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) procedures, open lobectomy, elective thoracotomy, and sternotomy were attained through a 5-point Likert-type scale. This survey was administered at 50 training programs with responses recorded via an online form. Fourth- and fifth-year GS residents in the United States. Of 272 respondents 58% were fourth-year residents, 62% of residents trained at university-affiliated programs, and 64% reported a TS residency program at their institution and 16% stated intent to pursue TS. Fifth-year residents performed significantly more cases than fourth-year residents despite no difference in median comfort levels. Residents intending to pursue TS performed significantly more cases and were more comfortable performing a thoracotomy, sternotomy, VATS wedge resection/biopsy, and VATS decortication/pleurodesis (p = 0.044, Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Thoracoscopic repair of renal ectopia associated with congenital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    R.S. Kamble

    2015-12-04

    Dec 4, 2015 ... www.ees.elsevier.com/afju · www.sciencedirect.com. Case report. Thoracoscopic repair of renal ectopia associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia: Report of two cases. R.S. Kamblea,∗. , R.K. Guptaa, A.R. Guptaa, R. Marchantb,. P.R. Kotharia, V. Dikshita, G.A. Kekrea, P.S. Patila, K. Mudkhedkara.

  1. An Innovative Streaming Video System With a Point-of-View Head Camera Transmission of Surgeries to Smartphones and Tablets: An Educational Utility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Rafael Oliveira; de Oliveira, Pedro Armando Valente; Rocha, Luciano Chaves; David, Joacy Pedro Franco; Ferreira, Sanmari Costa; Santos, Alex de Assis Santos Dos; Melo, Rômulo Müller Dos Santos; Yasojima, Edson Yuzur; Brito, Marcus Vinicius Henriques

    2017-10-01

    In order to engage medical students and residents from public health centers to utilize the telemedicine features of surgery on their own smartphones and tablets as an educational tool, an innovative streaming system was developed with the purpose of streaming live footage from open surgeries to smartphones and tablets, allowing the visualization of the surgical field from the surgeon's perspective. The current study aims to describe the results of an evaluation on level 1 of Kirkpatrick's Model for Evaluation of the streaming system usage during gynecological surgeries, based on the perception of medical students and gynecology residents. Consisted of a live video streaming (from the surgeon's point of view) of gynecological surgeries for smartphones and tablets, one for each volunteer. The volunteers were able to connect to the local wireless network, created by the streaming system, through an access password and watch the video transmission on a web browser on their smartphones. Then, they answered a Likert-type questionnaire containing 14 items about the educational applicability of the streaming system, as well as comparing it to watching an in loco procedure. This study is formally approved by the local ethics commission (Certificate No. 53175915.7.0000.5171/2016). Twenty-one volunteers participated, totalizing 294 items answered, in which 94.2% were in agreement with the items affirmative, 4.1% were neutral, and only 1.7% answers corresponded to negative impressions. Cronbach's α was .82, which represents a good reliability level. Spearman's coefficients were highly significant in 4 comparisons and moderately significant in the other 20 comparisons. This study presents a local streaming video system of live surgeries to smartphones and tablets and shows its educational utility, low cost, and simple usage, which offers convenience and satisfactory image resolution, thus being potentially applicable in surgical teaching.

  2. Development and pilot testing of an informed consent video for patients with limb trauma prior to debridement surgery using a modified Delphi technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yen-Ko; Chen, Chao-Wen; Lee, Wei-Che; Lin, Tsung-Ying; Kuo, Liang-Chi; Lin, Chia-Ju; Shi, Leiyu; Tien, Yin-Chun; Cheng, Yuan-Chia

    2017-11-29

    Ensuring adequate informed consent for surgery in a trauma setting is challenging. We developed and pilot tested an educational video containing information regarding the informed consent process for surgery in trauma patients and a knowledge measure instrument and evaluated whether the audiovisual presentation improved the patients' knowledge regarding their procedure and aftercare and their satisfaction with the informed consent process. A modified Delphi technique in which a panel of experts participated in successive rounds of shared scoring of items to forecast outcomes was applied to reach a consensus among the experts. The resulting consensus was used to develop the video content and questions for measuring the understanding of the informed consent for debridement surgery in limb trauma patients. The expert panel included experienced patients. The participants in this pilot study were enrolled as a convenience sample of adult trauma patients scheduled to receive surgery. The modified Delphi technique comprised three rounds over a 4-month period. The items given higher scores by the experts in several categories were chosen for the subsequent rounds until consensus was reached. The experts reached a consensus on each item after the three-round process. The final knowledge measure comprising 10 questions was developed and validated. Thirty eligible trauma patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) were approached and completed the questionnaires in this pilot study. The participants exhibited significantly higher mean knowledge and satisfaction scores after watching the educational video than before watching the video. Our process is promising for developing procedure-specific informed consent and audiovisual aids in medical and surgical specialties. The educational video was developed using a scientific method that integrated the opinions of different stakeholders, particularly patients. This video is a useful tool for improving the knowledge and

  3. Laparoscopic assisted versus open gastric pull-up following thoracoscopic esophagectomy: A cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daiko, Hiroyuki; Fujita, Takeo

    2015-07-01

    Thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE) is a type of minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for esophageal cancer which consists of thoracoscopic resection and laparoscopic reconstruction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the technical and oncological feasibility of alimentary tract reconstruction with laparoscopically assisted gastric pull-up (LAG) following thoracoscopic esophagectomy in the prone position (TSEP) in comparison with reconstruction with open laparotomy gastric pull-up (OLG) following TSEP, to establish TLE with extended lymph node dissection as a standard operation for esophageal cancer. Sixty-four patients with esophageal cancer underwent TSEP with 3-field lymphadenectomy from 2008 through 2010: for reconstruction after TSEP, 31 patients underwent LAG, and 33 patients underwent OLG. We retrospectively evaluated the technical and oncological feasibility of TLE with 3-field lymphadenectomy and compared surgical outcomes after reconstruction with OLG and that with LAG. TLE with 3-field lymphadenectomy was successfully completed in 30 of 31 (97%) patients, and no surgery-related postoperative deaths occurred. No significant difference was found between LAG and OLG in the mean number of dissected abdominal lymph nodes, amount of blood loss, incidence of postoperative complications, mean postoperative hospital stay, restoration rate of respiratory function, or rate of complete resection or locoregional control, but the mean duration of abdominal procedures was significantly longer with LAG than with OLG. This study demonstrates that the quality and safety of surgery and the oncological effectiveness of LAG for esophageal cancer. TLE consisting of LAG following TSEP with extended lymph-node dissection is a feasible surgical technique for thoracic esophageal carcinoma. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  4. Intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog treated by thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chi-Ya; Fransson, Boel A; Nylund, Adam M

    2017-04-15

    CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog was evaluated because of a 1-week history of respiratory distress and abdominal distension. Thoracic radiography and echocardiography at that time revealed an enlarged cardiac silhouette and pericardial effusion; abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed ascites. CLINICAL FINDINGS At the initial referral examination 5 weeks later, the dog weighed 37.5 kg (82.5 lb) and appeared clinically normal. The only abnormality detected was a grade I/VI systolic murmur on the left side of the thorax. Echocardiography revealed a large fat- and fluid-filled cystic structure located next to the right ventricle with scant pericardial effusion. Computed tomography revealed a bilobed peripherally contrast-enhancing structure within the right ventral aspect of the pericardium; the right ventricle appeared compressed by the cyst. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Initial treatment consisted of pericardiocentesis and abdominocentesis to alleviate clinical signs. Thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy was performed 6 weeks after the initial treatment. The cyst was completely excised, and multiple adhesions between the visceral and parietal pericardium were transected, without surgical or anesthetic complications. Histologic examination of the cyst revealed chronic inflammation with histiocytic infiltration, suggesting possible foreign body reaction or chronic inflammation and hemorrhage. These findings supported a diagnosis of cystic hematoma of the pericardium. The dog remained clinically normal for at least 16 months after surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE This report represents a rare case of intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog. Minimally invasive surgery was performed without complications, suggesting that thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy is a feasible treatment option for affected dogs.

  5. Peri-operative imaging of cancer margins with reflectance confocal microscopy during Mohs micrographic surgery: feasibility of a video-mosaicing algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, Eileen; Yelamos, Oriol; Cordova, Miguel; Kose, Kivanc; Phillips, William; Rossi, Anthony; Nehal, Kishwer; Rajadhyaksha, Milind

    2017-02-01

    Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging shows promise for guiding surgical treatment of skin cancers. Recent technological advancements such as the introduction of the handheld version of the reflectance confocal microscope, video acquisition and video-mosaicing have improved RCM as an emerging tool to evaluate cancer margins during routine surgical skin procedures such as Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Detection of residual non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) tumor during MMS is feasible, as demonstrated by the introduction of real-time perioperative imaging on patients in the surgical setting. Our study is currently testing the feasibility of a new mosaicing algorithm for perioperative RCM imaging of NMSC cancer margins on patients during MMS. We report progress toward imaging and image analysis on forty-five patients, who presented for MMS at the MSKCC Dermatology service. The first 10 patients were used as a training set to establish an RCM imaging algorithm, which was implemented on the remaining test set of 35 patients. RCM imaging, using 35% AlCl3 for nuclear contrast, was performed pre- and intra-operatively with the Vivascope 3000 (Caliber ID). Imaging was performed in quadrants in the wound, to simulate the Mohs surgeon's examination of pathology. Videos were taken at the epidermal and deep dermal margins. Our Mohs surgeons assessed all videos and video-mosaics for quality and correlation to histology. Overall, our RCM video-mosaicing algorithm is feasible. RCM videos and video-mosaics of the epidermal and dermal margins were found to be of clinically acceptable quality. Assessment of cancer margins was affected by type of NMSC, size and location. Among the test set of 35 patients, 83% showed acceptable imaging quality, resolution and contrast. Visualization of nuclear and cellular morphology of residual BCC/SCC tumor and normal skin features could be detected in the peripheral and deep dermal margins. We observed correlation between the RCM videos/video

  6. Does video-assisted thoracic surgery provide a safe alternative to conventional techniques in patients with limited pulmonary function who are otherwise suitable for lung resection?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oparka, Jonathan; Yan, Tristan D; Ryan, Eilise; Dunning, Joel

    2013-07-01

    A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: does video-assisted thoracic surgery provide a safe alternative to conventional techniques in patients with limited pulmonary function who are otherwise suitable for lung resection? Altogether, more than 280 papers were found using the reported search, of which 7 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. One of the largest studies reviewed was a retrospective review of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons database. The authors compared 4531 patients who underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with 8431 patients who had thoracotomy. In patients with a predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s (ppoFEV1%) of surgery is performed via VATS compared with traditional open techniques. The literature also suggests that patients in whom pulmonary function is poor have similar perioperative outcomes to those with normal function when a VATS approach to resection is adopted.

  7. From Jacobeaus to the da Vinci: thoracoscopic applications of the robot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mufarrej, Faisal; Margolis, Marc; Tempesta, Barbara; Strother, Eric; Najam, Farzad; Gharagozloo, Farid

    2010-02-01

    With the increasing recognition of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery, surgical technology has evolved significantly since Jacobeaus' first attempt at thoracoscopy 100 years ago. Currently, video-assisted thoracic surgery occupies a significant role in the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant diseases of the chest. However, the clinical application of video-assisted thoracic surgery is limited by the technical shortcomings of the approach. Although the da Vinci system (Intuitive Surgical) is not the first robotic surgical system, it has been the most successful and widely applicable. After early applications in general and urologic surgery, the da Vinci robot extended its arms into the field of thoracic surgery, broadening the applicability of minimally invasive thoracic surgery. We review the available literature on robot-assisted thoracic surgery in attempt to better define the current role of the robot in pulmonary, mediastinal, and esophageal surgeries.

  8. Thoracoscopic foreign body removal and repair of bronchus intermedius following injury during failed bronchoscopic retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asaf, Belal Bin; Vijay, C L; Bishnoi, Sukhram; Dua, Naresh; Kumar, Arvind

    2017-01-01

    Aspiration of foreign body (FB) into the airways is common in children and continues to be a cause for morbidity and mortality. We report herein, successful thoracoscopic management of a child who aspirated a large magnetic FB into his right bronchus and developed a tear of bronchus intermedius (BI) during an attempt at bronchoscopic retrieval using rigid bronchoscope. The impacted FB was successfully removed thoracoscopically followed by thoracoscopic BI repair.

  9. Thoracoscopic foreign body removal and repair of bronchus intermedius following injury during failed bronchoscopic retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belal Bin Asaf

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aspiration of foreign body (FB into the airways is common in children and continues to be a cause for morbidity and mortality. We report herein, successful thoracoscopic management of a child who aspirated a large magnetic FB into his right bronchus and developed a tear of bronchus intermedius (BI during an attempt at bronchoscopic retrieval using rigid bronchoscope. The impacted FB was successfully removed thoracoscopically followed by thoracoscopic BI repair.

  10. Analysis of middle- and long-term efficacy of thoracoscope-assisted segmental resection of the lung on non-small cell lung cancer in the early stage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Ning; Zhou, Ning; Li, Qinglin; Ren, Guangming; Zhou, Min

    2018-03-01

    We investigated the short- and long-term efficacy of thoracoscope-assisted segmental resection of lung of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We selected a total of 94 patients with lung cancer in the early stage who were admitted to The First People's Hospital of Xuzhou for treatment between March 2011 and February 2012. Patients were divided randomly into either the control group (n=47) or the observation group (n=47). In the observation group, patients received thoracoscope-assisted segmental resection of lung, while in the control group, the conventional thoracic surgery was performed for treatment. After surgeries, we observed the incidence rate of complications among the two groups, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adopted to detect levels of inflammatory factors. We also compared the cardiac and pulmonary functions, the levels of immunoglobulins and subgroups of T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of the patients. In addition, all patients attended a 5-year follow-up to determine the recurrence and survival rate. Compared to the control group, patients in the observation group had significantly less intra-operative bleeding volume, a shorter duration of surgery, and suffered slighter pain after surgery (P<0.05). After surgery, the incidence rate of complications in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). After surgeries, patients in both groups experienced a remarkable improvement in cardiac and pulmonary functions, and the improvement in the observation group was superior to that of the control group (P<0.05). During the 5-year follow-up, the survival rate of the observation group is significantly higher than that in thecontrol group, and patients in the observation group experienced a lower recurrence rate than those in the control group (P<0.05). Thus, thoracoscope-assisted segmental resection of lung is of great significance in clinical practice.

  11. Endoscopic indocyanine green video angiography in aneurysm surgery: an innovative method for intraoperative assessment of blood flow in vasculature hidden from microscopic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishiyama, Yoshihisa; Kinouchi, Hiroyuki; Senbokuya, Nobuo; Kato, Tatsuya; Kanemaru, Kazuya; Yoshioka, Hideyuki; Horikoshi, Toru

    2012-08-01

    Recently, intraoperative fluorescence video angiography using indocyanine green (ICG) has been widely used in aneurysm surgery. This is a simple and useful method to confirm complete occlusion of the aneurysm lumen and preservation of blood flow in the arteries around the aneurysm. However, the observation field of ICG video angiography is limited under a microscope, making it difficult to confirm the flow in the arteries behind the parent arteries or aneurysm. The authors developed a new technique of intraoperative endoscopic ICG video angiography to assess the blood flow in perforating arteries hidden by the parent arteries or aneurysm. The endoscope emits excitation light with a wavelength of approximately 800 nm, and video images were obtained through a cut filter. The authors used this ICG fluorescence endoscope in treating 3 patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysms. During clip placement, the endoscope was inserted to confirm aneurysm occlusion. Then, ICG was intravenously administered, and the fluorescence in the vessels was observed via the endoscope as well as under the microscope. The blood flow in the perforating arteries was clearly identified, and no procedural complication occurred. The authors conclude that the technique is very useful and facilitates intraoperative real-time assessment of the patency of perforating arteries behind parent arteries or aneurysms.

  12. Bidirectional Approach of Video-Assisted Neck Surgery (BAVANS): Endoscopic complete central node dissection with craniocaudal view for treatment of thyroid cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajo, Akihiro; Arima, Hideo; Hirata, Munetsugu; Yamashita, Yoshie; Shinden, Yoshiaki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kawasaki, Yota; Arigami, Takaaki; Uchikado, Yasuto; Mori, Shinichiro; Mataki, Yuko; Sakoda, Masahiko; Kijima, Yuko; Uenosono, Yoshikazu; Maemura, Kosei; Natsugoe, Shoji

    2017-02-01

    Endoscopic thyroidectomy is a well-established surgical technique that is mainly performed for benign thyroid disease. We considered that endoscopic surgery could also be widely indicated for the treatment of thyroid cancer. We herein describe our new bidirectional approach of video-assisted neck surgery (BAVANS) for complete central node dissection in endoscopic thyroid cancer surgery. BAVANS involves two different directional pathways to the cervical lesion. Before lymph node dissection, we perform endoscopic thyroidectomy via a conventional gasless precordial or axillary approach. After thyroidectomy, the surgeon repositions by the head of the patient and inserts three ports in front of the upper neck lesion in the submandibular area to approach the paratracheal lesion from an overhead-to-caudal direction. BAVANS allows for an excellent craniocaudal view and easy access to the peritracheal lymph nodes. Sixteen patients with papillary thyroid cancer underwent BAVANS and progressed satisfactorily after surgery. Of those patients, eight underwent total or near total thyroidectomy, and five patients underwent bilateral central node dissection. The average number of retrieved lymph nodes with unilateral central node dissection was nine, which was higher than that achieved with conventional open surgery. All patients began oral intake within 5 h after surgery. Postoperative Horner syndrome occurred in one patient. No other complications were noted. BAVANS is a very effective surgical procedure that many endoscopic surgeons can perform safely and easily. It has both a cosmetic advantage and excellent curability in endoscopic thyroid cancer surgery. © 2016 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  13. Use of selfie sticks and iPhones to record operative photos and videos in plastic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrappa, Ashok Basur; Nagaraj, Pradeep Kumar; Vasudevan, Srikanth; Nagaraj, Anantheswar Yelampalli; Jagadish, Krithika; Shah, Ankit

    2017-01-01

    Use of smartphone has become ubiquitous. With smartphone cameras becoming powerful, they are replacing digital cameras and digital SLRs as primary instruments to take photos and record videos. It is natural even for plastic surgeons that smartphones are handy to take still photographs and even record high-definition or 4K videos. Another invention which has become popular with smartphone photography is a selfie stick. We explain the possibility and methodology of using an iPhone and selfie stick to take operative photographs and high-quality videos.

  14. Use of selfie sticks and iPhones to record operative photos and videos in plastic surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Basur Chandrappa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of smartphone has become ubiquitous. With smartphone cameras becoming powerful, they are replacing digital cameras and digital SLRs as primary instruments to take photos and record videos. It is natural even for plastic surgeons that smartphones are handy to take still photographs and even record high-definition or 4K videos. Another invention which has become popular with smartphone photography is a selfie stick. We explain the possibility and methodology of using an iPhone and selfie stick to take operative photographs and high-quality videos.

  15. Anatomic pulmonary resection via video-assisted thoracic surgery: analysis of 117 cases at a referral center in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soder, Stephan Adamour; Barth, Frederico; Perin, Fabiola Adelia; Felicetti, José Carlos; Camargo, José de Jesus Peixoto; Camargo, Spencer Marcantônio

    2017-01-01

    To describe our experience with video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for anatomic pulmonary resection at a referral center for thoracic surgery in Brazil. All patients who underwent anatomic pulmonary resection by VATS between 2010 and 2015 were included. Clinical and pathological data, as well as postoperative complications, were analyzed. A total of 117 pulmonary resections by VATS were performed, of which 98 were lobectomies and 19 were anatomic segmentectomies. The mean age of the patients was 63.6 years (range, 15-86 years). Females predominated (n = 69; 59%). The mean time to chest tube removal was 2.47 days, and the mean length of ICU stay was 1.88 days. The mean length of hospital stay was 4.48 days. Bleeding ≥ 400 mL occurred in 15 patients. Conversion to thoracotomy was required in 4 patients. Our results are similar to those published in major international studies, indicating that VATS is an important strategy for pulmonary resection. They also show that VATS can be safely performed with adequate training. This technique should be used more often for the treatment of lung diseases in Brazil. Relatar a experiência com cirurgia torácica videoassistida (CTVA) para ressecções pulmonares anatômicas em um centro nacional de referência de cirurgia torácica no Brasil. Foram incluídos todos os pacientes tratados com ressecções pulmonares anatômicas por CTVA entre 2010 e 2015 e analisados dados clínicos e patológicos, assim como complicações pós-operatórias. Foram realizadas 117 ressecções pulmonares por CTVA, sendo 98 lobectomias e 19 segmentectomias anatômicas. A média de idade foi de 63,6 anos (variação, 15-86 anos), sendo a maioria mulheres (n = 69; 59%). A média de tempo de permanência com dreno foi de 2,47 dias e a de estada em UTI foi de 1,88 dias. A média de tempo de internação foi de 4,48 dias. Sangramento ≥ 400 ml ocorreu em 15 pacientes. Houve conversão para toracotomia em 4 pacientes. Nossos resultados vão ao

  16. Elective Thoracoscopic Maze with Venoarterial Extracorporeal Life Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Erica J; Elsenraat, Abram; Sirak, John H; Mast, David; Gerhardt, Mark

    2015-09-01

    This case report describes the intraoperative use of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for an elective thoracoscopic maze procedure in which the patient could not tolerate one-lung ventilation because of hypoxia. Potential pitfalls associated with the anesthetic management of elective intraoperative ECLS include managing native cardiac ejection and ECLS flows to provide optimal oxygenation and cardiac output. Particular attention must be paid to cardiac and respiratory physiology when ECLS is used in a patient with normal cardiac function.

  17. Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Disease Lookup > COPD > Diagnosing and Treating COPD Surgery Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) includes two separate lung problems, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Some people with COPD have ...

  18. Bilateral single-port thoracoscopic extended thymectomy for management of thymoma and myasthenia gravis: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Paolo Caronia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Video-assisted thoracoscopy is become a widely accepted approach for the resection of anterior mediastinal masses, including thymoma. The current trend is to reduce the number of ports and minimize the length of incisions to further decrease postoperative pain, chest wall paresthesia, and length of hospitalization. Herein, we reported an extended resection of thymoma in a patient with myasthenia gravis through an uniportal bilateral thoracoscopic approach. Case presentation A 74 years old woman with myasthenia gravis was referred to our attention for management of a 3.5 cm, well capsulate, thymoma. All laboratory and cardio-pulmonary tests were within normal; thus, she was scheduled for thymoma resection through an uniportal bilateral thoracoscopic approach. Under general anaesthesia and selective intubation, the patient was placed in a 60° right lateral decubitus. A 3 cm skin incision was performed in the fourth right intercostal space and, through that a 30° video-camera and working instruments were inserted without rib spreading. After complete dissection of the thymus and mediastinal fat, the contralateral pleura was opened, and, through that the specimen was pushed into the left pleural cavity. Then, the patient was placed in the left lateral decubitus. Similarly to the right side procedure, a 3-cm incision was performed in the fourth left intercostal space to complete thymic dissection and retrieve the specimen. No intraoperative and post-operative complications were found. The patient was discharged four days later. Pathological examination revealed a type A thymoma (Masaoka stage I. No recurrence was found at 18 months of follow-up Conclusions Bilateral single-port thoracoscopy is an available procedure for management of thymoma associated with myasthenia gravis. The less post-operative pain, the reduction of hospital stay and the better esthetic results are all potential advantages of this approach over

  19. Twenty years of minimally invasive surgery in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloslav Duda

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To outline the history and evaluate the development and current situation of miniinvasive surgery in the Czech Republic (CR.Material and methods: The authors discuss their experience with the introduction of miniinvasive surgery in CR. Questionnaires used repeatedly in surgical departments in CR provide the data for the evaluation of the development and current status of endoscopic surgery.Results: In the Czech Republic laparoscopic surgery was first performed in 1991, and by 1997 laparoscopic interventions were performed at all surgical departments. The proportion of the laparoscopic approach within overall abdominal surgery increased between 1997 and 2002 from 22% to 37%. The most frequent laparoscopic (L treatment applied today is cholecystectomy (CH, which is a method used at all departments. Nowadays, the proportion of LCH within all cholecystectomies performed is between 71% and 76%. CH is followed by appendectomy (A, which is carried out in 94-97% of surgical departments; the proportion of LA is between 38% and 41%. Laparoscopic herniotomy (H is performed at 85-87% of surgical departments, and its proportion within all herniotomies reached 19%. In 1997-1999 resection of the colon was performed at 9% of surgical departments, in 2004 at 26%, and in 2006 at as many as 58% of surgical departments. Between 2004 and 2006 the proportion of laparoscopic management of resection of colorectal carcinoma increased from 7% to 15%. A smaller number of departments perform highly specialized endoscopic surgery. In 2006 we recorded 365 gastric bandings for the treatment of obesity, 90 resections of the stomach, 139 resections of the liver, 60 splenectomies, and 70 adrenalectomies. Video-assisted thoracoscopic interventions also became routine: in 2006 we recorded 953, in 2007 there were 1214 this procedures performed, and in 2008 the number increased to 1163.Conclusions: The proportion of endoscopic surgery within all forms of surgical management has

  20. The diagnostic role of thoracoscope in undiagnosed pleural effusion: Rigid versus flexible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Mahmoud Abdel Mageid Shaheen

    2014-07-01

    Conclusions: Thoracoscopy using either fibreoptic bronchoscope or rigid thoracoscope is safe and well tolerated. Rigid thoracoscope has a higher diagnostic yield, easier handling, better orientation and is less expensive. Nevertheless, fibreoptic bronchoscope is an alternative technique if rigid thoracoscopy is not available.

  1. Surgery

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    ... and impairs lung function. People need to stop smoking several weeks before surgery so that the defense mechanisms of the respiratory system can recover. Doctors' evaluations The surgeon does a ...

  2. Corrective Jaw Surgery

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    Full Text Available ... Do Who We Are News Videos Contact Find a Surgeon What We Do Administration of Anesthesia Administration ... Craniofacial Surgery Cleft Lip/Palate and Craniofacial Surgery A cleft lip may require one or more surgeries ...

  3. Cost-Utility of Video-Electroencephalography Monitoring Followed by Surgery in Adults with Drug-Resistant Focal Epilepsy in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitwitee, Pimprapa; Unnwongse, Kanjana; Srikijvilaikul, Teeradej; Yadee, Tinonkorn; Limwattananon, Chulaporn

    2017-02-01

    This study assessed whether video-electroencephalography (VEEG) monitoring followed by surgery was cost-effective in adult patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy under Thai health care context, as compared with continued medical treatment without VEEG. The total cost (in Thai Baht, THB) and effectiveness (in quality-adjusted life years, QALYs) were estimated over a lifetime horizon, using a decision tree and a Markov model. Data on short-term surgical outcomes, direct health care costs, and utilities were collected from Thai patients in a specialized hospital. Long-term outcomes and relative effectiveness of the surgery over medical treatment were derived, using systematic reviews of published literature. Seizure-free rates at years 1 and 2 after surgery were 79.4% and 77.8%, respectively. Costs of VEEG and surgery plus 1-year follow-up care were 216,782 THB, of which the VEEG and other necessary investigations were the main cost drivers (42.8%). On the basis of societal perspective, the total cost over a 40-year horizon accrued to 1,168,679 THB for the VEEG option, 64,939 THB higher than that for no VEEG. The VEEG option contributed to an additional 1.50 QALYs over no VEEG, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of 43,251 THB (USD 1236) per 1 QALY gained. Changes in key parameters had a minimal impact on the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. Accounting for uncertainty, there was an 84% probability that the VEEG option was cost-effective on the basis of Thailand's cost-effective threshold of 160,000 THB/QALY. For patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, VEEG monitoring followed by epilepsy surgery was cost-effective in Thailand. Therefore it should be recommended for health insurance coverage. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. General anesthesia type does not influence serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in video laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandes, Adriano; Ettinger, João; Amaral, Fabiano; Ramalho, Maria José; Alves, Rodrigo; Módolo, Norma Sueli Pinheiro

    2014-12-01

    Video laparoscopic bariatric surgery is the preferred surgical technique for treating morbid obesity. However, pneumoperitoneum can pose risks to the kidneys by causing a decrease in renal blood flow. Furthermore, as in other surgical procedures, laparoscopic bariatric surgery triggers an acute inflammatory response. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is an early and accurate biomarker of renal injury, as well as of the inflammatory response. Anesthetic drugs could offer some protection for the kidneys and could attenuate the acute inflammatory response from surgical trauma. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of two types of anesthetics, propofol and sevoflurane, on the serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Sixty-four patients scheduled for laparoscopic bariatric surgery were randomized into two anesthesia groups and were administered either total intravenous anesthesia (propofol) or inhalation anesthesia (sevoflurane). In the perioperative period, blood samples were collected at three time points (before anesthesia, 6 hours after pneumoperitoneum and 24 hours after pneumoperitoneum) and urine output was measured for 24 hours. Acute kidney injuries were evaluated by examining both the clinical and laboratory parameters during the postoperative period. The differences between the groups were compared using non-parametric tests. ReBEC (http://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/recruiting/): RBR-8wt2fy None of the patients developed an acute kidney injury during the study and no significant differences were found between the serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels of the groups during the perioperative period. The choice of anesthetic drug, either propofol or sevoflurane, did not affect the serum levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin during the perioperative period in laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

  5. A new possibility in thoracoscopic virtual reality simulation training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Katrine; Bjerrum, Flemming; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2015-01-01

    and intermediate experienced thoracic surgeons, but not very useful as a training tool for experienced surgeons. The metric scores were not statistically significant between groups. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to describe a commercially available virtual reality simulator for a VATS lobectomy. More than......OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop virtual reality simulation software for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy, to explore the opinions of thoracic surgeons concerning the VATS lobectomy simulator and to test the validity of the simulator metrics. METHODS: Experienced...... VATS surgeons worked with computer specialists to develop a VATS lobectomy software for a virtual reality simulator. Thoracic surgeons with different degrees of experience in VATS were enrolled at the 22nd meeting of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) held in Copenhagen in June 2014...

  6. A framework for the recognition of high-level surgical tasks from video images for cataract surgeries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalys, Florent; Riffaud, Laurent; Bouget, David; Jannin, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    The need for a better integration of the new generation of Computer-Assisted-Surgical (CAS) systems has been recently emphasized. One necessity to achieve this objective is to retrieve data from the Operating Room (OR) with different sensors, then to derive models from these data. Recently, the use of videos from cameras in the OR has demonstrated its efficiency. In this paper, we propose a framework to assist in the development of systems for the automatic recognition of high level surgical tasks using microscope videos analysis. We validated its use on cataract procedures. The idea is to combine state-of-the-art computer vision techniques with time series analysis. The first step of the framework consisted in the definition of several visual cues for extracting semantic information, therefore characterizing each frame of the video. Five different pieces of image-based classifiers were therefore implemented. A step of pupil segmentation was also applied for dedicated visual cue detection. Time series classification algorithms were then applied to model time-varying data. Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) were tested. This association combined the advantages of all methods for better understanding of the problem. The framework was finally validated through various studies. Six binary visual cues were chosen along with 12 phases to detect, obtaining accuracies of 94%. PMID:22203700

  7. Cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy to treat thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu L

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Lei Yu,1 Yun Jing,2 Shan Ma,1 Fei Li,1 Yun-Feng Zhang11Department of Thoracic Surgery, 2Department of Neurology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: The treatment of thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination remains controversial due to the unpredictable natural history of this tumor. Our study discusses the combination of cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy to treat thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination.Methods: From February 2008 to January 2010, there were four patients with pleural thymoma metastases undergoing cytoreductive surgery and intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion with chemotherapy at our department. After video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, the hyperthermic perfusion system was set up for hyperthermic intrapleural chemotherapy. The thoracic cavity was perfused at a speed of approximately 1.8–2.3 L/min with 0.9% normal saline. The intrathoracic temperature remained between 42°C and 43°C. The perfusion process lasted for 2 hours.Results: There were no perioperative deaths. During the hyperthermic perfusion, the patient's core temperature varied from 36.3°C and 39.3°C and pulse varied from 59 beats/min and 126 beats/min. Intraoperative sinus tachycardia occurred in two elderly patients. No hematologic toxicity and nephrotoxicity was observed within 1 week after surgery. Postoperative pneumonia occurred in one elderly patient. Patients were followed up for 1–4 years. One elderly patient died of heart failure 1 year after surgery. There were no patients with local recurrence or metastases to distant sites.Conclusions: Cytoreductive surgery and intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion with chemotherapy may be effective in treating thymoma or thymic carcinoma with pleural dissemination and has an encouraging impact on the patients’ long-term survival.Keywords: thymoma, pleural dissemination, surgery, hyperthermia

  8. Malignant Hyperthermia during Thoracoscopic Pulmorrhaphy in a 70-Year-Old Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michihiro Sakai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant hyperthermia (MH is a rare but potentially fatal complication that may develop under general anesthesia (GA and is rarely reported in elderly patients. We encountered a case of mild-onset MH in a 70-year-old patient who was receiving an elective thoracoscopic pulmorrhaphy and had a history of several GA procedures. Anesthesia was induced with propofol, fentanyl, and rocuronium and maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. His body temperature (BT was 37.9°C after induction. During the procedure, the end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2 increased steadily to 47–50 mmHg, presumably in response to the single lung ventilation. At the end, BT was 38.1°C and ETCO2 was 47 mmHg under spontaneous breathing. After extubation, the patient wheezed on inspiration and expiration, and his trachea was reintubated. Sixty minutes after surgery, BT increased to 40.5°C and the arterial blood gas analysis showed severe metabolic acidosis. Based on these findings, MH was suspected and a bolus dose of dantrolene was administered. He responded to the dantrolene, and no complications or recurrence of MH was observed postoperatively. In this patient, the initial signs of MH were so subtle that making the diagnosis of MH was difficult. A high degree of suspicion is necessary to prevent a fulminant MH crisis.

  9. Corrective Jaw Surgery

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    Full Text Available ... jaw surgery.™ What We Do Who We Are News Videos Contact Find a Surgeon What We Do ... out more. Who We Are Find a Surgeon News Videos Contact Administration of Anesthesia Cleft Lip/Palate ...

  10. Thoracoscopic plication for idiopathic eventration of the bilateral diaphragm: Report of a case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshinobu Ichiki

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: We experienced a case in which thoracoscopic plication of the unilateral diaphragm resulted in adequate objective improvements in the pulmonary function in a patient with idiopathic eventration of the bilateral diaphragm.

  11. Effect of thoracoscopic splanchnic denervation on pain processing in chronic pancreatitis patients.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buscher, H.C.J.L.; Goor, H. van; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Central sensitisation due to visceral pancreatic nociceptive input may play an important role in chronic pancreatitis pain. Using quantitative sensory testing (QST), this first study investigates whether thoracoscopic splanchnic denervation (TSD), performed to reduce nociceptive visceral

  12. Has central sensitization become independent of nociceptive input in chronic pancreatitis patients who fail thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouwense, S.A.W.; Buscher, H.C.J.L.; Goor, H. van; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: : Central sensitization due to visceral pancreatic nociceptive input may be important in chronic pancreatitis pain. We investigated whether bilateral thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy (BTS) to reduce nociceptive input in chronic pancreatitis patients (CPP) with poor pain

  13. Myofascial involvement of supra- and infraspinatus muscles contributes to ipsilateral shoulder pain after muscle-sparing thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohmori, Aki; Iranami, Hiroshi; Fujii, Keisuke; Yamazaki, Akinori; Doko, Yukari

    2013-12-01

    This study examined the hypothesis that ipsilateral upper extremity elevation for muscle-sparing thoracotomy procedures contributes to the postoperative shoulder pain. Prospective observational study. Medical center. ASA physical status 1-2 patients undergoing elective lung surgeries including pneumonectomy, lobectomy, and segmentectomy performed through either the anterolateral approach or video-assisted thoracotomy surgery. Postoperative observation of ipsilateral shoulder pain. Postoperative examinations of sites of shoulder pain (clavicle, anterior, lateral,or posterior aspect of acromion, posterior neck, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and these entire areas) with or without trigger points, visual analog scale score of wound pain, and requested counts of analgesics. The number of patients who suffered from postoperative shoulder pain was 37 of 70 (52.9%). Demographic data, anterolateral/VATS ratio, VAS scores, and requested counts of rescue analgesics requirement were similar in the groups of patients with and without postoperative shoulder pain. The segmentectomy caused a significantly higher incidence of postoperative shoulder pain compared with other procedures (p painful regions compared to the other sites. The 16 of 37 patients (43.2%) with shoulder pain showed defined trigger points in their painful areas. These results supported the hypothesis that myofascial involvement contributed, to some extent, to shoulder pain after muscle-sparing thoracotomy with ipsilateral upper extremity elevation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Repeated lung volume reduction surgery is successful in selected patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostron, Arthur; Horn-Tutic, Michaela; Franzen, Daniel; Kestenholz, Peter; Schneiter, Didier; Opitz, Isabelle; Kohler, Malcolm; Weder, Walter

    2015-11-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) improves dyspnoea, quality of life and may even prolong survival in carefully selected patients with end-stage emphysema. The benefit may be sustained for several years and vanishes with the natural progression of the disease. Data on repeated surgical treatment of emphysema are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, effects and outcomes of repeated LVRS (Re-LVRS) in patients no longer benefiting from their initial LVRS. Between June 2002 and December 2013, 22 patients (9 females) with advanced emphysema underwent Re-LVRS at a median of 60 months (25-196) after their initial LVRS. While initial LVRS was performed thoracoscopically as a bilateral procedure, Re-LVRS was performed unilaterally by a video-assisted thoracoscopic technique in 19 patients and, due to adhesions, by thoracotomy in 3 patients. Pulmonary function test (PFT) was performed at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Lung function at Re-LVRS was similar to that prior to the first LVRS. The 90-day mortality rate was 0%. The first patient died 15 months postoperatively. The median hospitalization time after Re-LVRS was significantly longer compared with the initial LVRS [14 days, interquartile range (IQR): 11-19, vs 9 days, IQR: 8-14; P = 0.017]. The most frequent complication was prolonged air leak with a median drainage time of 11 days (IQR: 6-13); reoperations due to persistent air leak were necessary in 7 patients (32%). Five patients (23%) had no complications. Lung function and Medical Research Council (MRC) score improved significantly for up to 12 months after Re-LVRS, with results similar to those after initial bilateral LVRS. The average increase in the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) was 25% (a 7% increase over the predicted value or 0.18 l) at 3 months, and the mean reduction in hyperinflation, assessed by relative decrease in RV/TLC (residual volume/total lung capacity), was 12% at 3 months (a decrease of 8% in absolute ratios

  15. On the accuracy of a video-based drill-guidance solution for orthopedic and trauma surgery: preliminary results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magaraggia, Jessica; Kleinszig, Gerhard; Wei, Wei; Weiten, Markus; Graumann, Rainer; Angelopoulou, Elli; Hornegger, Joachim

    2014-03-01

    Over the last years, several methods have been proposed to guide the physician during reduction and fixation of bone fractures. Available solutions often use bulky instrumentation inside the operating room (OR). The latter ones usually consist of a stereo camera, placed outside the operative field, and optical markers directly attached to both the patient and the surgical instrumentation, held by the surgeon. Recently proposed techniques try to reduce the required additional instrumentation as well as the radiation exposure to both patient and physician. In this paper, we present the adaptation and the first implementation of our recently proposed video camera-based solution for screw fixation guidance. Based on the simulations conducted in our previous work, we mounted a small camera on a drill in order to recover its tip position and axis orientation w.r.t our custom-made drill sleeve with attached markers. Since drill-position accuracy is critical, we thoroughly evaluated the accuracy of our implementation. We used an optical tracking system for ground truth data collection. For this purpose, we built a custom plate reference system and attached reflective markers to both the instrument and the plate. Free drilling was then performed 19 times. The position of the drill axis was continuously recovered using both our video camera solution and the tracking system for comparison. The recorded data covered targeting, perforation of the surface bone by the drill bit and bone drilling. The orientation of the instrument axis and the position of the instrument tip were recovered with an accuracy of 1:60 +/- 1:22° and 2:03 +/- 1:36 mm respectively.

  16. [Simultaneous thoracoscopically assisted anterior release in prone position and posterior scoliosis correction : What are the limits?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhm, H; El Ghait, H; Shousha, M

    2015-11-01

    In spite of modern pedicle-based systems, the correction of a rigid rib hump or hypokyphosis remains a problem in posterior-only scoliosis surgery. As there has so far been no reliable method of predicting the intraoperative extent of kyphosis restoration or rib hump correction by posterior-only surgery, it has been difficult to determine the indication for an additional anterior release. The method described here circumvents this dilemma. Like an optional module, horacoscopically assisted release in prone position (TARP) can be added when it is obvious during posterior surgery that the correction is insufficient. Between 1996 and 2005, a total of 161 patients (115 male, 46 female) under the age of 30, including 113 cases of idiopathic scoliosis, were released by simultaneous TARP and posterior surgery. Using the two-portal technique, 131 were mobilized from the right and 30 from the left hand side. Average surgical time spanned 69 min, in which on average 3.2 apical segments were addressed. In 3 individuals, an additional retroperitoneoscopic release was used to liberate a rigid lumbar curve. After 10 years, in a prospectively evaluated subgroup of 32 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the index curve had maintained a coronal correction of 70 % (immediately post-surgery 75 %), kyphosis was permanently normalized at 30° (Th5-Th12), and indirect rib hump was reduced to 2.2 cm. In 23 out of 32 patients the lumbar curve corrected spontaneously, obviating the need for fusion. In 13 patients, the lower instrumented vertebra lay at Th12 or higher, thus leaving the thoraco-lumbar junction fairly free. Minor complications (Huang 1or 2) occurred in 4 patients; 1 patient with hematothorax required revision. A distance <25 mm from the spine to the chest wall precludes TARP. Other limitations (e.g., pleural adhesions) were not encountered. Long-term evaluation after 10-18 years shows that an additional thoracoscopically assisted anterior release at the

  17. Partial Intervertebral Fusion Secures Successful Outcomes After Thoracoscopic Anterior Scoliosis Correction: A Low-Dose Computed Tomography Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izatt, Maree T; Carstens, Alan; Adam, Clayton J; Labrom, Robert D; Askin, Geoffrey N

    2015-11-01

    Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. To analyze intervertebral (IV) fusion after thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion (TASF) and explore the relationship between fusion scores and key clinical variables. TASF provides comparable correction with some advantages over posterior approaches but reported mechanical complications, and their relationship to non-union and graft material is unclear. Similarly, the optimal combination of graft type and implant stiffness for effecting successful radiologic union remains undetermined. A subset of patients from a large single-center series who had TASF for progressive scoliosis underwent low-dose computed tomographic scans 2 years after surgery. The IV fusion mass in the disc space was assessed using the 4-point Sucato scale, where 1 indicates fusion of the disc space. The effects of rod diameter, rod material, graft type, fusion level, and mechanical complications on fusion scores were assessed. Forty-three patients with right thoracic major curves (mean age 14.9 years) participated in the study. Mean fusion scores for patient subgroups ranged from 1.0 (IV levels with rod fractures) to 2.2 (4.5-mm rod with allograft), with scores tending to decrease with increasing rod size and stiffness. Graft type (autograft vs. allograft) did not affect fusion scores. Fusion scores were highest in the middle levels of the rod construct (mean 2.52), dropping off by 20% to 30% toward the upper and lower extremities of the rod. IV levels where a rod fractured had lower overall mean fusion scores compared to levels without a fracture. Mean total Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) questionnaire scores were 98.9 from a possible total of 120, indicating a good level of patient satisfaction. Results suggest that 100% radiologic fusion of the entire disc space is not necessary for successful clinical outcomes following thoracoscopic anterior selective thoracic fusion. Copyright © 2015 Scoliosis Research Society. Published by Elsevier

  18. The 15-Year Evolution of the Thoracoscopic Anterior Release: Does It Still Have a Role?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunakul, Rattalerk; Peterson, Alex; Bartley, Carrie E; Cidambi, Krishna R; Varley, Eric S; Newton, Peter O

    2015-08-01

    Retrospective. To determine how the indications for anterior thoracoscopic release and fusion have evolved over time. Anterior release was commonly performed to correct severe spinal deformities before the advent of pedicle screw fixation. The thoracoscopic approach significantly reduced the morbidity, as compared to open thoracotomy procedures. We reviewed charts and radiographs of pediatric spinal deformity patients who underwent thoracoscopic release/fusion for their deformity from 1994 to 2008. Indications for the thoracoscopic procedure were assigned to one of the following categories: hyperkyphosis, large/stiff scoliosis, crankshaft prevention, and 'other'. We analysed indications grouped in 3-year intervals to determine how the indications for this procedure evolved over the past 15 years. One hundred and thirty-eight patients (mean age, 15 years; range, 2-28 years) underwent the procedure, with 160 identified indications. The frequency of thoracoscopic anterior release/fusion decreased after peaking in the years 2000-2002. Initially, hyperkyphosis was the most frequent indication (15/33, 45%; 1994-1996), but declined to an intermittent indication since 2006. The use of thoracoscopy to prevent crankshaft has also declined, but remains an indication for the most immature cases (2/17, 12%; 2006-2008). Severe or rigid scoliosis is currently the most common indication for thoracoscopic release/fusion at our center (11/17, 65%; 2006-2008). The indications for a thoracoscopic anterior release/fusion has evolved with our increased understanding of this procedure and improved posterior fixation with pedicle screw instrumentation. Thoracoscopy in select spinal deformity patients still has an important role despite its less frequent use, as compared to the past decade.

  19. Ongoing evaluation of video-based assessment of proctors' scoring of the fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery manual skills examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooney, Deborah M; Brissman, Inga C; Gauger, Paul G

    2015-01-01

    In continued efforts to maintain standards required for high-stakes examination administration, Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons' Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) program requires all prospective test proctors to complete the New FLS Proctor Workshop. As the FLS proctor pool and training evolves, the influence of experience on performance is not clear. In the previous work, we proposed that asynchronous web-based performances might be used to train proctors. In this study, we assessed the accuracy of proctors' ratings from asynchronous web-based performances by comparing the sensitivity and the specificity of ratings from proctors having varied experience levels. A sample of 42 (26% of all registered proctors) FLS proctors (recently trained novice, n = 15; intermediate, n = 20; and expert, n = 7) viewed 2 videotaped, laparoscopic-view FLS performances via the web. The first performance (error) contained 1 predetermined critical performance error in each of the 5 tasks (5 total errors), whereas the second performance (no error) contained no critical errors. For both the performances, participants noted time to complete each of the 5 tasks and any critical errors they observed (dichotomously scored). Participants also completed a demographic section that captured years of experience as a proctor. Using the Kruskal-Wallis test, we compared new trainee, intermediate, and expert proctors' recorded task times for both the performances. The sensitivity and the specificity values were also independently calculated using ratings from the error and the no error performances and then compared using the same test. There were no differences in recorded times across proctor groups for any of the tasks; p = 0.21 and 0.94. Rating sensitivity was 79% (novice), 75% (intermediate), and 83% (expert), with no significant differences across experience levels; p > 0.46. Following removal of the peg transfer task that had particularly low sensitivity

  20. Corrective Jaw Surgery

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    Full Text Available ... can also invite bacteria that lead to gum disease. Click here to find out more. Who We Are Find a Surgeon News Videos Contact Administration of Anesthesia Cleft Lip/Palate and Craniofacial Surgery Corrective Jaw Surgery Dental and Soft Tissue Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Facial ...

  1. Optimal timing of thoracoscopic drainage and decortication for empyema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Jae Ho; Lee, Sung Ho; Kim, Kwang Taik; Jung, Jae Seung; Son, Ho Sung; Sun, Kyung

    2014-01-01

    Although video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) pleural drainage and decortication have been proven to be effective treatments in the early stages of empyema, the optimal timing of VATS is still not clear. To assess the effectiveness of early VATS drainage and decortication, we reviewed the records of patients who underwent VATS and open decortication for empyema. One hundred twenty-eight patients with empyema were treated with VATS and open decortication over 8 years at Korea University Anam Hospital. The VATS patients (120 patients) were divided into 3 groups based on the interval between the onset of chest symptoms and the time of operation (group 1: 4 weeks). Additional 8 open decortication patients with symptom durations greater than 4 weeks were compared with group 3 patients. Groups 1 and 2 showed shorter chest tube duration, postoperative hospital stay, surgical procedure time, and fewer prolonged air leaks than group 3. No significant difference was noted between groups 1 and 2; and no difference was noted in the length of postoperative intensive care unit stays or the reintervention and reoperation rates among the 3 groups. In chronic empyema patients, group 3 showed shorter chest tube duration than the open decortication group. Patients with symptom durations of less than 4 weeks showed better early results than those with symptom durations greater than 4 weeks. Thus, symptom duration can be considered a reliable preoperative factor in deciding the surgical management of empyema or cases involving loculated pleural effusion. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Cirurgia cardíaca videoassistida: resultados de um projeto pioneiro no Brasil Video-assisted cardiac surgery: results from a pioneer project in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson Poffo

    2009-09-01

    use of videothoracoscopy in cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB. METHODS: Between February 2006 and November 2008, 102 patients underwent consecutively minimally invasive video-assisted cardiac surgery. The cardiac pathologies approached were: mitral valvopathy (n=56, aortic (n=14, interatrial communication (IC (n=32, six patients presented associated tricuspid insufficiency and 12 presented atrial fibrillation. The age ranged from 18 to 68 years and 57 were female. The surgical approach was: femoral arterial and venous cannulation, minithoracotomy ranging from four to six centimeters (cm at the level of the 3º or 4º right intercostal space (RICS, depending on the pathology of the patient, between anterior axillary line and hemiclavicular line, submammary or right periareolar groove through the right breast and thoracoscopy. RESULTS: The surgical procedures were: plasty (n=20 or mitral valve replacement (n=36, aortic valve replacement (n=14, atrioseptoplasty using pericardial patch (n=32, tricuspid valve repair with rigid ring (n=6 and surgical correction of atrial fibrillation with radiofrequency (n=12. There were no complications during the procedures. There was no conversion to thoracotomy in neither case. Two patients developed atrial fibrillation in the postoperative period. There was an episode of stroke seven days after the hospital discharge and one death (0.9% due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates the coverage of pathologies that are possible to be approached by video-assisted cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass being a safe and effective procedure with low morbimortality. Minimally invasive video-assisted cardiac surgery is already a reality in Brazil, demonstrating excellent aesthetic and functional results

  3. [Thoracoscopic thymectomy with carbon dioxide insufflation in the mediastinum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrero-Coloma, C; Navarro-Martinez, J; Bolufer, S; Rivera-Cogollos, M J; Alonso-García, F J; Tarí-Bas, M I

    2015-02-01

    The case is presented of a 71 year-old male, diagnosed with a thymoma. A thoracoscopic thymectomy was performed using the carbon dioxide insufflation technique in the mediastinum. During the procedure, while performing one-lung ventilation, the patient's respiration worsened. The contralateral lung had collapsed, as carbon dioxide was travelling from the mediastinum to the thorax through the opened pleura. Two-lung ventilation was decided upon, which clearly improved oxygenation in the arterial gases and airway pressures. Both pH and pCO2 stabilized. The surgical approach and the carbon dioxide technique were continued because 2-lung ventilation did not affect the surgical procedure. This technique has many serious complications and it should always be performed using 2-lung ventilation. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Does C-MAC ® video laryngoscope improve the nasotracheal intubating conditions compared to Macintosh direct laryngoscope in paediatric patients posted for tonsillectomy surgeries?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinuta V Patil

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: C-MAC ® video laryngoscope (VL with Macintosh blade has been found to improve Cormack-Lehane (C-L laryngoscopic view as well as intubating conditions for orotracheal intubation. However, studies done on the performance of C-MAC ® VL for nasotracheal intubation (NTI are very few in number. Hence, we compared laryngoscopy and intubating conditions between Macintosh direct laryngoscope and C-MAC ® VL for NTI. Methods: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I, II patients, aged 8-18 years, posted for tonsillectomy surgeries under general anaesthesia with NTI were randomised, into two groups. Patients in group 1 were intubated using Macintosh direct laryngoscope and group 2 with C-MAC ® VL. C-L grading, time required for intubation, need for additional manoeuvres and haemodynamic changes during and after intubation were compared between the groups. Results: C-L grade 1 views were obtained in 26 and 29 patients in group 1 and group 2, respectively (86.7% vs. 96.7%. Remaining patients were having C-L grade 2 (13.3% vs. 3.3%. Duration of intubation was less than a minute in group 2 (93.3%. Need for additional manoeuvres (M1-M5 were more in group 1 (97% vs. 77%. M1 (external manipulation was needed more in group 2 compared to group 1 (53.3% vs. 30%. Magill′s forceps alone (M4 and M4 with additional external manipulation (M5 were needed more in group 1 compared to group 2 (60% vs. 16%. Conclusion: The overall performance of C-MAC ® VL was better when compared to conventional direct Macintosh laryngoscope during NTI in terms of glottis visualisation, intubation time and need for additional manoeuvres.

  5. Lung cancer surgery: an up to date.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltayiannis, Nikolaos; Chandrinos, Michail; Anagnostopoulos, Dimitrios; Zarogoulidis, Paul; Tsakiridis, Kosmas; Mpakas, Andreas; Machairiotis, Nikolaos; Katsikogiannis, Nikolaos; Kougioumtzi, Ioanna; Courcoutsakis, Nikolaos; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos

    2013-09-01

    can be performed using several surgical techniques. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy is a safe, efficient, well accepted and widespread technique among thoracic surgeons. The 5-year survival rate following complete resection of lung cancer is stage dependent. Incomplete resection rarely is useful and cures the patient.

  6. Awake uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic metastasectomy after a nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Galvez, Carlos; Bolufer, Sergio; Navarro-Martinez, Jose; Lirio, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.10.041 Byline: Carlos Galvez, Sergio Bolufer, Jose Navarro-Martinez, Francisco Lirio Author Affiliation...

  7. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical decortication in the elderly with thoracic empyema: Five years' experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Ho Tsai

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: We concluded that VATS decortication in the treatment of thoracic empyema is effective in elderly patients. The major concerns of postoperative complications are respiratory failure and sepsis.

  8. Video-assisted thoracoscopic decortication for the management of late stage pleural empyema, is it feasible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waseem M Hajjar

    2016-01-01

    Conlcusion: VATSD facilitates the management of fibrinopurulent, organized pyogenic pleural empyema with less postoperative discomfort, reduced hospitalization, and have fewer postoperative complications. VATSD can be an effective, safe first option for patients with Stage II pleural empyema, and feasible in most patients with Stage III pleural empyema.

  9. Intra-operative removal of chest tube in video-assisted thoracoscopic procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moustafa M. El-Badry

    2017-12-01

    Conclusions: Intra-operative removal of chest tube during VATS procedures was a safe technique in well selected patients with an intra-operative successful air-leak test with radiological and clinical follow-up. This technique provided lesser post-operative pain with shorter hospital stay.

  10. Video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy using 5-mm ports and carbon dioxide insufflation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, René Horsleben

    2016-01-01

    The continuous development and refinement of minimally invasive approaches to thymectomy over the last two decades has potential benefits for patients in terms of better cosmesis, less postoperative pain, shorter length of stay, earlier return to daily activities, less bleeding and fewer complica......, carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation and bipolar electrocoagulation (LigaSure)....

  11. P29: Evolution of minimally invasive surgery in the management of thymic masses at a single institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Anna L. W.; Asmat, Atasha; Ahmed, Aneez D. B.

    2015-01-01

    Background Thymic masses may result due to benign or malignant processes. The optimal surgical approach in the management of these masses remains controversial. The aim of this study was to review our experience in surgical resection of thymic masses, and present outcomes from various surgical approaches. Methods A retrospective review was conducted on patients with surgically resected thymic masses from 2000 to 2014 at our institution. Data collected included: patients’ demographics, clinical presentation, myasthenia gravis, medical co-morbidities, radiological findings, histological types and stages. Surgical approaches and post-operative outcomes were also analyzed. Outcomes were stratified according to the main surgical approaches: open, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and robotic-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS). Results Seventy-one patients were eligible for this study. Median age was 48 years (range: 18–78 years) and 37 were female. Forty-three patients had a diagnosis of myasthenia gravis and 17 patients received intra-venous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment pre-operatively. Other common medical co-morbidities were hypertension (n=22), hyperlipidaemia (n=19) and diabetes (n=9). Twenty patients underwent open surgery via median sternotomy (MS), 22 underwent VATS, and 29 had RATS. Median operative time was 100 minutes for both open and robotic surgery, and 143 minutes for VATS. There were three conversions from VATS to open surgery, but none for RATS. Post-operative complications occurred in four MS and three VATS patients. There was no mortality. Median length of stay was 5 days for open surgery, 4 days for VATS and 2 days for RATS. Thymomas were the most common histological diagnosis (n=34). Conclusions Our study demonstrates that minimally invasive approaches (VATS and RATS) for thymic masses are safe and associated with low morbidity and mortality. RATS is now the approach of choice at our Institution.

  12. Thoracoscopic Vs open resection of congenital cystic lung disease- utilization and outcomes in 1120 children in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polites, Stephanie F; Habermann, Elizabeth B; Zarroug, Abdalla E; Thomsen, Kristine M; Potter, Donald D

    2016-07-01

    To determine if utilization of thoracoscopic resection of congenital cystic lung disease (CLD) is increasing and if this approach is associated with improved outcomes using a large national sample. Children ≤20years old who underwent resection of a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestration, or bronchogenic cyst were identified from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (2009, 2012) and Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2008, 2010-2011). Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between thoracoscopic and open approaches using univariate and multivariable analyses stratified by magnitude of resection. Thoracoscopic resection was used in 39.4% of 1120 children who underwent resection of CLD. Utilization of the thoracoscopic approach increased from 32.2% in 2008 to 48.2% in 2012. Use of thoracoscopy was lower in lobectomy than segmental resection (32.5 vs 48.4%, p<.001). Newborns, those with comorbid congenital conditions, and those with respiratory infections also had lower rates of thoracoscopy. After stratifying by magnitude of resection and adjusting for patient complexity, complication rates and postoperative length of stay were similar between thoracoscopic and open approaches. Utilization of thoracoscopic resection for CLD in the United States is increasing with time. After adjusting for patient complexity, there is no difference in postoperative length of stay or complications between thoracoscopic and open lobectomy and sub-lobar resection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Multilayer Dura Reconstruction After Thoracoscopic Microdiscectomy: Technique and Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornips, Erwin M J

    2017-10-20

    Anterior transthoracic approaches, including thoracoscopic microdiscectomy (TMD), are the preferred techniques for central, broad-based, calcified thoracic disc herniations (TDHs). Dural defects due to manipulation or transdural extension may create a potentially life-threatening subarachnoid-pleural fistula. We evaluate a fast, sutureless technique for reconstructing the dura. We analyzed 476 anterior transthoracic approaches for TDHs (437 TMDs, 31 mini-thoracotomies, 7 transaxillary approaches, and 1 sternotomy). Dural defects were closed using an onlay dura substitute, fibrin glue, an autologous fat graft, and another layer of fibrin glue topped by an absorbable gelatin sponge. A chest tube was used to provide a water seal, and the use of external lumbar drains (ELDs) was discontinued in recent years. We encountered 35 dural defects (7.35%), including 27 in 279 procedures (9.67%) in the first 10 years and 8 in 197 (4.06%) in the past 6 years. Five defects were large, 23 were relatively small, and 5 had an intact arachnoid layer, likely preventing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) egress. Two CSF leaks in the early series were overlooked intraoperatively; 1 patient died following widespread cortical venous thrombosis, whereas the other merely had a headache that disappeared within 1 week. Overall, an ELD was inserted in 3 of 5 large defects and in 17 of 23 small defects; however, in the past 6 years, an ELD was inserted in no large defects and in only 1 of 5 small defects. The technique was successful in all but 1 patient, who underwent reoperation using a larger fat graft. Dural defects encountered during anterior transthoracic approaches to TDHs can be reconstructed endoscopically, while avoiding the use of an ELD in most cases. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Surgery What is acoustic neuroma Diagnosing Symptoms Side effects ... Groups Is a support group for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ANetwork Peer Support Program Community Connections Overview Find a Meeting ...

  15. Video microblogging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bornoe, Nis; Barkhuus, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Microblogging is a recently popular phenomenon and with the increasing trend for video cameras to be built into mobile phones, a new type of microblogging has entered the arena of electronic communication: video microblogging. In this study we examine video microblogging, which is the broadcasting...... of short videos. A series of semi-structured interviews offers an understanding of why and how video microblogging is used and what the users post and broadcast....

  16. Multimedia article. Entirely thoracoscopic pneumonectomy using the prone position: a new technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadière, G B; Himpens, J; Torres, R; Dapri, G; Bosschaerts, T; Karler, C; Haller, A

    2005-09-01

    Reports on video-assisted pneumonectomy have remained scarce, despite early demonstration of its technical feasibility. A totally videothoracoscopic pneumonectomy was first reported by Conlan and Sandor. The patient in this report was positioned in the full lateral position. In this video, we report a totally videothoracoscopic left-side pneumonectomy with the patient in prone position. A 49-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for a bifocal cancer of the left lower lung lobe (LLL) and the cervical esophagus. The preoperative workup included a chest computed tomography (CT) scan showing a 3-cm mass of the laterobasal segment of the LLL, with retrotumoral atelectasis, lymph nodes smaller than 1 cm in diameter at the aortopulmonary window and under the carena, and finally posterolateral adherences between the parietal and the visceral pleura. Flexible bronchoscopy confirmed the presence of a bronchial tumor at the offspring of the apical bronchus of the LLL. Biopsy showed invasive adenocarcinoma, and a CT scan of the neck and head was significant for tumoral infiltration of the cervical esophagus and retropharyngeal space. Gastroscopy showed a stenosis of the cervical esophagus and hypopharynx. Biopsy showed spinocellular epithelioma, but CT scan of the abdomen and bone scintigraphy did not show metastatic disease. A position emission tomography (PET) scan confirmed the findings of the CT scan. Pneumonectomy and esophagectomy by thoracoscopy, laparoscopy, and cervicotomy were proposed. The purpose of this video is to show the details of the thoracoscopic technique with the patient in the prone position. After induction of general anesthesia, a double-lumen endotracheal tube was placed. The patient was subsequently placed and strapped in a prone position. The surgical team was placed to the left of the patient. A 10-mm trocar was placed in the seventh intercostal space on the posterior axillary line, and a 30 degrees angled videoscope was introduced. Three

  17. Evaluation of a Bochdalek diaphragmatic hernia rabbit model for pediatric thoracoscopic training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usón-Casaús, Jesús; Pérez-Merino, Eva María; Rivera-Barreno, Ramón; Rodríguez-Alarcón, Carlos A; Sánchez-Margallo, Francisco M

    2014-04-01

    This study evaluated the usefulness of a Bochdalek hernia rabbit model as a tool for advanced thoracoscopic training, teaching the specific skills required for thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. An incision was made in the Bochdalek triangle of 25 New Zealand rabbits (weighing 3-3.5 kg) to induce an experimental diaphragmatic hernia. At 72 hours later, a thoracoscopic repair of the hernia as described for newborns was performed by 25 pediatric surgeons divided into two groups: expert and novice. The tasks assessed were organ relocation and diaphragm suture. A visual analog scale was used to evaluate technical performance. The objective performance measure was completion time. Complications were recorded, and suture quality was scored. The surgeons evaluated the model by completing a questionnaire, grading items on a 5-point scale. All 25 animals developed a diaphragmatic hernia with protrusion of the intestine into the thoracic cavity. Expert trainees had significantly shorter completion times and better performance scores than novices. Experts also received higher scores for suture quality. Five novices caused perforations or bleeding, but no experts did. The surgeons rated the model positively, highlighting the similarities between the model and newborn hernias and its usefulness for pediatric training programs. The Bochdalek hernia rabbit model can be used to detect different levels of experience in pediatric thoracoscopy. This realistic and easily reproducible model can help to perfect thoracoscopic skills in a realistic recreation of a pediatric Bochdalek hernia repair.

  18. Thoracoscopic plication for a huge thoracic meningocele in a patient with neurofibromatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Heng-Chung; Chang, Ping-Hsien; Jhang, Shang-Wun; Wang, Bing-Yen

    2014-05-13

    Intrathoracic meningoceles associated with neurofibromatosis type I are rare, and the optimal treatment is still unknown. Herein, we present the case of a 48-year-old Asian female with a huge thoracic meningocele associated with cutaneous neurofibromatosis type I and kyphoscoliosis of the thoracic spine. The large thoracic meningocele was successfully treated through thoracoscopic plication.

  19. The Effect of Silver Nitrate Pleurodesis after a Failed Thoracoscopic Talc Poudrage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Menna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Chemical pleurodesis is the procedure of choice in the management of recurrent malignant pleural effusions (MPE. Talc is probably the most effective sclerosant, with a success rate of 80%. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of silver nitrate solution (SNS pleurodesis after an unsuccessful thoracoscopic talc poudrage. Methods. Between 2011 and 2013 one hundred and nine patients with unilateral MPE underwent thoracoscopic talc poudrage. Seventeen patients who did not obtain a successful pleurodesis via thoracoscopic procedure were considered for an SNS slurry. The pleural injectate consisted of 100 mL 1% SNS with 10 mL of lidocaine (100 mg/5 mL. The SNS procedure was undertaken once and repeated with the same dose in 5 patients. Results. The duration of follow-up period was 30 days. Subjective pain was low and the same before and after SNS procedure ( value = NS. The mean daily fluid drainage was statistically different ( comparing values before ( mL and after SNS procedure ( mL. After 30 days from SNS procedure recurrence of pleural effusion was observed in 2 patients (11%. Conclusions. The present study demonstrates that SNS is an effective agent for producing pleurodesis after a failed thoracoscopic talc poudrage.

  20. Thoracoscopic resection of a lung keratocyst associated with pulmonary sequestration in a neonate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Mario Lima

    2017-08-01

    Discussion and conclusion: Up to our knowledge and review of the literature, this is the first case and occurrence of Lung Keratocyst. Long-term follow up is needed to assess the outcome of the thoracoscopic management of such lesion, and its hypothetic relation with odontogenic keratocysts or any associated syndromes.

  1. Thoracoscopic traction technique in long gap esophageal atresia : entering a new era

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, David C.; Gallo, Gabriele; Tytgat, Stefaan H. A.

    2015-01-01

    To describe the evolution from delayed management of long gap esophageal atresia to thoracoscopic treatment directly after birth without the placement of a gastrostomy. Long gap esophageal atresia remains a challenge for pediatric surgeons. Over the years, several techniques have been described to

  2. Preoperative opioid use and the outcome of thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy in chronic pancreatitis: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Issa, Y.; Ahmed Ali, U.; Bouwense, S.A.W.; Santvoort, H.C. van; Goor, H. van

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy (TS) is a minimally invasive intervention to relieve pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) with equivocal results. Preoperative opioid use seems to impair TS outcome but this has not been investigated in a systematic matter. METHODS: We searched

  3. Preoperative opioid use and the outcome of thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy in chronic pancreatitis: a systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Issa, Yama; Ahmed Ali, Usama; Bouwense, Stefan A. W.; van Santvoort, Hjalmar C.; van Goor, Harry

    2014-01-01

    Thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy (TS) is a minimally invasive intervention to relieve pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) with equivocal results. Preoperative opioid use seems to impair TS outcome but this has not been investigated in a systematic matter. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and

  4. Bronchopleural fistula after pneumonectomy: interdisciplinary surgical closure by an ipsilateral pedicled latissimus dorsi flap supported by video-assisted thoracoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolter, A; Scholz, T; Diedrichson, J; Arens-Landwehr, A; Schroeder-Finckh, R; Liebau, J

    2013-11-01

    Post-pneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula (BPF) remains a rare but often life-threatening complication and therapeutic challenge. Traditional surgical procedures include chronic open drainage, attempts at direct stump closure, thoracoplasty with or without chest wall muscle transposition and trans-sternal bronchial closure. We describe a case with successful closure of a chronic BPF after pneumonectomy by intrathoracic transposition of a pedicled latissimus dorsi muscle flap circumferentially fixed on the surrounding pleural tissue under continuous video-assisted thoracoscopic overview. The postoperative course was without complications; no tumour, empyema or fistula re-occurred. In this article we want to present the potential advantages of video-assisted thoracoscopic support and interdisciplinary teamwork to improve the outcome of patients with BPFs after pneumonectomy. Copyright © 2013 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Controlled-Release Oxycodone as "Gold Standard" for Postoperative Pain Therapy in Patients Undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery or Thoracoscopy: A Retrospective Evaluation of 788 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampe, Sandra; Weinreich, Gerhard; Darr, Christopher; Stamatis, Georgios; Hachenberg, Thomas

    2015-09-01

    To assess the clinical efficacy of controlled-release oxycodone for postoperative analgesia after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) or thoracoscopy. Pain therapy is standardized in our thoracic center throughout the complete postoperative stay. Patients receive immediately postoperative standardized oral analgesic protocol with controlled-released oxycodone (Oxy Group) or oxycodone with naloxone (Targin Group) and nonopioid every 6 h. We switched the opioid protocol from controlled-release oxycodone to Targin in January 2012. All patients are visited daily by a pain specialist throughout the whole stay. Data of 788 patients undergoing VATS (n = 367) or thoracoscopy (n = 421) during January 2011 until March 2013 were analyzed. In VATS, patients with Targin had higher pain scores at rest (p < 0.02) and on coughing (p < 0.001) than patients with oxycodone alone and more patients with Targin were dismissed with oral opioid dose than patients with oxycodone alone (p < 0.001). No differences in pain scores on POD 5 and 6, or in length of hospital stay, incidence of nausea, time to first dejection or opioid dose after dismission were found between controlled-release oxycodone and Targin. After conventional thoracoscopy, 209 patients received controlled-release oxycodone and 212 Targin. Patients with Targin had higher pain scores at rest (p < 0.004) and on coughing (p < 0.01) than patients with oxycodone alone and more patients with Targin were dismissed with oral opioid dose than patients with oxycodone alone (p < 0.004). There were no differences in pain scores on POD 5 and 6, or in length of hospital stay, incidence of nausea, time to first dejection or opioid dose after dismission. Oral opioid analgesia with controlled-release oxycodone is an effective postoperative regimen after VATS and thoracoscopies. Our retrospective data indicate that Targin might be less effective analgesic than oxycodone after VATS and thoracoscopies with no

  6. The role of the emphysema multidisciplinary team in a successful lung volume reduction surgery programme†.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathinam, Sridhar; Oey, Inger; Steiner, Mick; Spyt, Tom; Morgan, Mike D; Waller, David A

    2014-12-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for advanced emphysema is well established, with strong evidence from the National Emphysema Treatment Trial. However, there is still reluctance to offer the procedure, and many have looked for alternative, unproven treatments. The multidisciplinary approach has been well established in treatment of lung cancer and, more recently, in coronary artery surgery. We reviewed our practice to validate the role of our multidisciplinary team approach in our LVRS programme. Our multidisciplinary approach employs respiratory physicians, radiologists and surgeons involved in case selection, who meet on a regular basis. Cases are selected on the basis of clinical presentation, imaging (radionuclide lung perfusion and computerized tomography) and respiratory physiology. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 633 patients referred for lung volume reduction surgery between July 1995 and July 2013. Six hundred and thirty-three patients (422 male) were referred for LVRS, of whom 253 [178 male; median age 61 years (range 37-79 years)] underwent 292 LVRS procedures.There were 268 video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical procedures, of which 13 were one-stage bilateral procedures and 37 required a staged second side. Overall median hospital stay was 13 (4-197) days, during which 11 patients died. Prolonged hospital stay was associated with increasing age and with duration of air leak, which in turn was associated with diffusion capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s. The outcomes of a successful LVRS programme are not only dependent on good surgical technique and post-operative care. Case selection and work-up by a dedicated multidisciplinary approach for emphysema patients plays an invaluable and integral part in an LVRS programme. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  7. Video demystified

    CERN Document Server

    Jack, Keith

    2004-01-01

    This international bestseller and essential reference is the "bible" for digital video engineers and programmers worldwide. This is by far the most informative analog and digital video reference available, includes the hottest new trends and cutting-edge developments in the field. Video Demystified, Fourth Edition is a "one stop" reference guide for the various digital video technologies. The fourth edition is completely updated with all new chapters on MPEG-4, H.264, SDTV/HDTV, ATSC/DVB, and Streaming Video (Video over DSL, Ethernet, etc.), as well as discussions of the latest standards throughout. The accompanying CD-ROM is updated to include a unique set of video test files in the newest formats. *This essential reference is the "bible" for digital video engineers and programmers worldwide *Contains all new chapters on MPEG-4, H.264, SDTV/HDTV, ATSC/DVB, and Streaming Video *Completely revised with all the latest and most up-to-date industry standards.

  8. Two-Stage Thoracoscopic Repair of Long-Gap Esophageal Atresia Using Internal Traction Is Safe and Feasible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tainaka, Takahisa; Uchida, Hiroo; Tanano, Akihide; Shirota, Chiyoe; Hinoki, Akinari; Murase, Naruhiko; Yokota, Kazuki; Oshima, Kazuo; Shirotsuki, Ryo; Chiba, Kosuke; Amano, Hizuru; Kawashima, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Yujiro

    2017-01-01

    The treatment of long-gap esophageal atresia remains an issue for pediatric surgeons. Many techniques for treating long-gap esophageal atresia have been proposed, but the optimal method has not been established. The thoracoscopic esophageal elongation technique has recently been developed. We previously reported a case in which two-stage thoracoscopic repair was performed using internal esophageal traction without esophageal tearing, and we retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of this procedure in this study. Five patients underwent thoracoscopic treatment involving internal esophageal traction for esophageal atresia involving a long gap or vascular ring over a 5-year period. Between November 2010 and November 2015, 5 patients were treated with thoracoscopic traction. All of these patients successfully underwent thoracoscopic-delayed primary anastomosis. Conversion to open thoracotomy was not required in any case. The postoperative complications experienced by the patients included minor anastomotic leakage in 2 cases, anastomotic stenosis in 1 case, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in 4 cases, and a hiatal hernia in 1 case. None of the patients died. Two-stage thoracoscopic repair for esophageal atresia involving a long gap or vascular ring is a safe and feasible procedure; however, we must develop methods for treating minor anastomotic complications and GER due to esophageal traction in future.

  9. Evaluation of a System for High-Accuracy 3D Image-Based Registration of Endoscopic Video to C-Arm Cone-Beam CT for Image-Guided Skull Base Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirota, Daniel J.; Uneri, Ali; Schafer, Sebastian; Nithiananthan, Sajendra; Reh, Douglas D.; Ishii, Masaru; Gallia, Gary L.; Taylor, Russell H.; Hager, Gregory D.; Siewerdsen, Jeffrey H.

    2014-01-01

    The safety of endoscopic skull base surgery can be enhanced by accurate navigation in preoperative computed tomography (CT) or, more recently, intraoperative cone-beam CT (CBCT). The ability to register real-time endoscopic video with CBCT offers an additional advantage by rendering information directly within the visual scene to account for intraoperative anatomical change. However, tracker localization error (~ 1–2 mm) limits the accuracy with which video and tomographic images can be registered. This paper reports the first implementation of image-based video-CBCT registration, conducts a detailed quantitation of the dependence of registration accuracy on system parameters, and demonstrates improvement in registration accuracy achieved by the image-based approach. Performance was evaluated as a function of parameters intrinsic to the image-based approach, including system geometry, CBCT image quality, and computational runtime. Overall system performance was evaluated in a cadaver study simulating transsphenoidal skull base tumor excision. Results demonstrated significant improvement (p < 0.001)in registration accuracy with a mean reprojection distance error of 1.28 mm for the image-based approach versus 1.82 mm for the conventional tracker-based method. Image-based registration was highly robust against CBCT image quality factors of noise and resolution, permitting integration with low-dose intraoperative CBCT. PMID:23372078

  10. American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status facilitates risk stratification of elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruoyu; Kyriss, Thomas; Dippon, Jürgen; Hansen, Matthias; Boedeker, Enole; Friedel, Godehard

    2017-12-08

    Accurate risk assessments are particularly important for elderly patients being considered for lobectomy. Considering the positive effects of the thoracoscopic approach on postoperative outcomes, we sought to review the reliability of the established risk factors for elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. From January 2009 to March 2016, 441 patients in our institution underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy for early-stage lung cancer. Clinical outcomes were compared between elderly (>70 years, n = 176) and younger patients (n = 265). There was no significant difference in postoperative mortality and morbidity between elderly and younger patients. In the regression analyses restricted to elderly patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) was the single strong predictor of postoperative morbidity. The odds of pulmonary and cardiopulmonary complications increased nearly 6- and 3-fold, respectively, in those with ASA-PS Grade 3 compared with patients with ASA-PS Grade gender was found to have a possible causal effect of pulmonary complication in elderly patients. After confounder adjustment using propensity score matching, the generalized linear mixed model revealed more than an 8-fold increase in the odds of pulmonary complications in elderly men compared with elderly women. To check the robustness of the above-mentioned finding, inverse probability of treatment weighting was used as an alternative analysis indicating a weaker but still substantively significant effect of male gender, with an odds ratio >3. Our results suggest that ASA-PS is a strong predictor of morbidity among elderly patients considered for thoracoscopic lobectomy. Compared with elderly women, elderly men are particularly prone to postoperative pulmonary complications.

  11. Ultrasound guided closed pleural biopsy versus medical thoracoscopic pleural biopsy in diagnosis of pleural diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Sobhy

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Both TUS guided pleural biopsy and medical thoracoscopic pleural biopsy are available to diagnose different pleural lesions each of which has its advantages and disadvantages. The proper selection of the patients for each modality will result in raising the diagnostic yield of both modalities. TUS examination before medical thoracoscopy will allow proper selection of patients, reduce incidence of complications, guide for the best site of entry and raisethe diagnostic yield of medical thoracoscopy.

  12. Risk of Intraatrial Thrombi After Thoracoscopic Ablation in Absence of Heparin and Appendage Closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budera, Petr; Osmancik, Pavel; Herman, Dalibor; Talavera, David; Petr, Robert; Straka, Zbynek

    2017-09-01

    Catheter and surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) can be associated with a risk of thromboembolic events. The goal of this study was to assess optimal anticoagulation management during thoracoscopic ablation of AF. Fifty-two patients with persistent or long-standing persistent AF underwent hybrid ablation consisting of thoracoscopic ablation followed by electrophysiologic (EP) evaluation and consecutive ablation if indicated. The thoracoscopic ablation was performed using three different anticoagulation protocols: (1) without periprocedural heparin and without occlusion of the left atrial appendage; (2) with periprocedural heparin but without left atrial appendage occlusion; and (3) with periprocedural heparin and left atrial appendage occlusion. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was obligatorily used to screen for intraatrial thrombi before the surgical and EP procedure and before hospital discharge for patients in protocols 2 and 3. In group 1 (n = 20), 1 patient (5%) had a postoperative stroke with persistent neurologic deficit, and 6 other patients (30%) had a new thrombus in the left atrial appendage seen on the pre-EP TEE. In group 2 (n = 6), 3 left atrial appendage thrombi occurred (50%; 2 on predischarge TEE and 1 on pre-EP TEE). In group 3 (n = 26), no intracardiac thrombi were found on predischarge and pre-EP TEE, and there were no strokes in this group of patients, namely, the rates of thrombus or stroke were significantly reduced when compared with groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.001). Thoracoscopic ablation of AF can be associated with a risk of left atrial appendage thrombus formation and possibly also stroke. With administration of heparin during the ablation, followed by occlusion of the left atrial appendage as a part of the procedure, this risk can be effectively reduced. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Immersive video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moezzi, Saied; Katkere, Arun L.; Jain, Ramesh C.

    1996-03-01

    Interactive video and television viewers should have the power to control their viewing position. To make this a reality, we introduce the concept of Immersive Video, which employs computer vision and computer graphics technologies to provide remote users a sense of complete immersion when viewing an event. Immersive Video uses multiple videos of an event, captured from different perspectives, to generate a full 3D digital video of that event. That is accomplished by assimilating important information from each video stream into a comprehensive, dynamic, 3D model of the environment. Using this 3D digital video, interactive viewers can then move around the remote environment and observe the events taking place from any desired perspective. Our Immersive Video System currently provides interactive viewing and `walkthrus' of staged karate demonstrations, basketball games, dance performances, and typical campus scenes. In its full realization, Immersive Video will be a paradigm shift in visual communication which will revolutionize television and video media, and become an integral part of future telepresence and virtual reality systems.

  14. Thoracoscopic thymectomy versus open thymectomy for the treatment of thymoma: A meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Dong, J; Huang, Y

    2016-11-01

    Some studies compared the safety and efficacy of thoracoscopic thymectomy (OT) with open thymectomy (TT) in the treatment of thymoma, but the results remained controversial. This meta-analysis was designed to determine the safety and efficacy of thoracoscopic thymectomy in comparison with open thymectomy in the treatment of thymoma. Relevant studies were searched in databases of PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science. Comparative studies of thoracoscopic thymectomy and open thymectomy in the treatment of thymoma were included. Both short-term perioperative and long-term oncologic outcomes were analyzed. 14 Eligible studies were identified through electronic databases. Our analysis suggested, when compared with open thymectomy, patients having thoracoscopy might benefit from less blood loss (p = 0.004), lower blood transfusion rate (p = 0.02), shorter mean duration of chest tube (p = 0.002), hospital stay (p open thymectomy in selected patients with thymoma. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Video games

    OpenAIRE

    Kolář, Vojtěch

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is based on a detailed analysis of various topics related to the question of whether video games can be art. In the first place it analyzes the current academic discussion on this subject and confronts different opinions of both supporters and objectors of the idea, that video games can be a full-fledged art form. The second point of this paper is to analyze the properties, that are inherent to video games, in order to find the reason, why cultural elite considers video games as i...

  16. Management of mediastinal parathyroid adenoma via minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgery: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saulat Hasnain Fatimi

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: Symptomatic hypercalcemia and high level of PTH without local PA should alert physicians to search for ectopic locations through imaging. VATS is a safe and effective minimally invasive procedure for the resection of ectopic mediastinal PA and it should be considered as the first line approach for resection of these ectopic tumors.

  17. Predictors of conversion from thoracoscopic to open surgery in management of postpneumonic empyema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ehab F. Salim

    2016-08-01

    Conclusion: Predictive factors for conversion to thoracotomy in an assumed stage II postpneumonic empyema include long duration, Gram-negative bacterial infection, increased LDH, and increased pleural thickness.

  18. Cirurgia cardíaca videoassistida: 6 anos de experiência Video-assisted cardiac surgery: 6 years of experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeronimo Antonio Fortunato Júnior

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A cirurgia cardíaca minimamente invasiva e videoassistida (CCVA tem aumentado em popularidade nos últimos 15 anos. As pequenas incisões têm sido associadas a um bom efeito estético e menor trauma cirúrgico, consequentemente, menor dor e rápida recuperação pós-operatória. OBJETIVOS: Apresentar nossa casuística com CCVA, após 6 anos de uso do método. MÉTODOS: Cento e trinta e seis pacientes foram submetidos à CCVA, após consentimento escrito, entre setembro de 2005 e outubro de 2011, sendo 50% do sexo masculino, com idade de 47,8 ± 15,4 anos, divididos em dois grupos: com circulação extracorpórea (CEC (GcCEC=105 pacientes: valvopatia mitral (47/105, valvopatia aórtica (39/105 e cardiopatia congênita (19/105 e sem CEC (GsCEC=31 pacientes: ressincronização cardíaca (18/31, tumor cardíaco (4/31 e revascularização miocárdica minimamente invasiva (6/31. No GcCEC, foi realizada minitoracotomia direita (3 a 5 cm e acesso femoral para canulação periférica. RESULTADOS: No GcCEC, a média de dias em UTI (DUTI e de internação hospitalar (DH foi, respectivamente, 2,4 ± 4,5 dias e 5,0 ± 6,8 dias. Doze pacientes apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório e cinco (4,8% foram a óbito. Noventa e três (88,6% pacientes evoluíram sem intercorrências, foram extubados no centro cirúrgico, permanecendo 1,8 ± 0,9 DUTI e 3,6 ± 1,3 DH. No GsCEC, foram 1,3 ± 0,7 DUTI e 2,9 ± 1,4 DH, sem intercorrências ou óbitos. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados encontrados nesta casuística são comparáveis aos da literatura mundial e confirmam o método como opção à técnica convencional.INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive and video-assisted cardiac surgery (VACS has increased in popularity over the past 15 years. The small incisions have been associated with a good aesthetic effect and less surgical trauma, therefore less postoperative pain and rapid recovery. OBJECTIVES: To present our series with VACS, after 6 years of use of

  19. Preventing Blood Clots After Orthopaedic Surgery

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Bones & Injuries Diseases & Conditions Arthritis Tumors Sports Injuries & Prevention Children Bone Health Health & Safety Treatment Treatments & Surgeries ... video provides additional information about DVT and its prevention. This video © American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Many ...

  20. Outcome After Lung Volume Reduction Surgery in Patients With Severely Impaired Diffusion Capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caviezel, Claudio; Schaffter, Nadja; Schneiter, Didier; Franzen, Daniel; Inci, Ilhan; Opitz, Isabelle; Weder, Walter

    2018-02-01

    Lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been proven to be a successful procedure and can be performed with low mortality when defined selection criteria are met. We hypothesized good outcome and low mortality after LVRS for selected patients with severe hyperinflation and nonhomogeneous morphology even when diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco) is less than 20%. The study included all patients scheduled for LVRS between March 2005 and May 2014 with a preoperative Dlco of less than 20%. Postoperative 90-day mortality was the primary end point. Secondary end points were postoperative lung function and surgical morbidity at 3, 6, and 12 months. Included were 33 patients with a median forced expiratory volume in 1 second of 23% (interquartile range, 19% to 28%), a median diffusion capacity of 15% (interquartile range, 13% to 18%), and a median hyperinflation of 76% (residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio of 70% to 76%). Mean follow-up was 44.8 months (range, 10 to 141 months). Heterogeneous emphysema was present in 26 patients, and 7 showed intermediately heterogeneous morphology. Sixteen procedures were bilateral, and 31 were performed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The 90-day mortality was 0%. Median forced expiratory volume in 1 second percentage predicted at 3 months increased from 23% to 29% (p volume in 1 second from 20% preoperatively to 28% postoperatively (p = 0.028). Selected patients with severely impaired Dlco of less than 20% can cautiously be considered as potential candidates if hyperinflation is severe and the lungs show areas with advanced destruction as targets for resection. Copyright © 2018 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Video Podcasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nortvig, Anne Mette; Sørensen, Birgitte Holm

    2016-01-01

    This project’s aim was to support and facilitate master’s students’ preparation and collaboration by making video podcasts of short lectures available on YouTube prior to students’ first face-to-face seminar. The empirical material stems from group interviews, from statistical data created through...... YouTube analytics and from surveys answered by students after the seminar. The project sought to explore how video podcasts support learning and reflection online and how students use and reflect on the integration of online activities in the videos. Findings showed that students engaged actively...

  2. Minimal access mediastinal surgery: One or two lung ventilation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toolabi Karamollah

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Minimal access mediastinal surgery (MAMS is usually performed under general anaesthesia with double lumen tubes (DLT. The aim of this study is to evaluate two lung ventilation through single lumen tubes (SLT during thoracoscopic sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis and thoracoscopic thymectomy for myasthenia gravis. Methods : In this prospective non-randomized study, MAMS was performed in 58 patients with hyperhidrosis and 42 patients with myasthenia gravis, from January 2002 to December 2008. Patients were intubated with a DLT or SLT, 50 patients in each group. In the DLT group, endobronchial tubes were placed using the traditional blind approach and one lung ventilation was confirmed clinically. In the SLT group, the hemithorax was insufflated with CO2 in conjunction with two-lung anaesthesia. All the patients were evaluated for haemodynamic stability, oxygen saturation of haemoglobin (Spo2, end-tidal Pco2 (ETPco2, times required for intubation and surgery, satisfaction of surgeon with regard to exposure and postoperative complications. Results : In the SLT group, all the patients had stable haemodynamic and ventilation parameters. In the DLT group, haemodynamic instability occurred in two, decrease in Spo2 in four and increase in ETPco2 in three patients. One patient in the DLT group developed vocal cord granuloma two months later. Time required for surgery and the surgeon′s opinion with regard to exposure were similar for both groups. Conclusion : Thoracoscopic surgery when used in cases where a well-collapsed lung may not be essential, since surgery is not performed on the lung itself, does not require DLT. SLT is safe in MAMS. It provides good surgical exposure and decreases the cost, time and undesirable complications of DLT.

  3. Evaluation of surgeon's muscle fatigue during thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy using interoperative surface electromyography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Seung-Hyun; Jung, Myung-Chul; Park, Seong Yong

    2016-06-01

    The aim of this study was to document the physical stress experienced by a surgeon during thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection for lung cancer by measuring the intraoperative electromyography (EMG). Surface EMG was recorded during 12 cases of thoracoscopic lobectomy. During the operation, 16 channels of a wireless EMG were used to measure muscle activity and fatigue from the bilateral muscles of the splenius capitis (SC), upper trapezius (UT), middle deltoid (MD), flexor carpi radialis (FCR), extensor carpi radialis (ECR), lumbar erector spinae (LES), rectus femoralis (RF), and tibialis anterior (TA). The EMG signals were processed to collect the values of the root mean square for muscle activity and median frequency (MF) for muscle fatigue. All operations were completed without adverse events. The mean operating time was 99.16±35.15 minutes. During the operation, the mean muscle activity of all muscles was 21.91±12.85 mV. High muscle activity was observed in the bilateral FCR and ECR, whereas low muscle activity was observed in the bilateral SC and LES. The final MFs in the bilateral SC and LES were found to be decreased from the initial status, which implied increased muscle fatigue. The muscles of the right and left LES were significantly fatigued by up to 29% and 37% compared to their initial status (P=0.021 and P=0.007, respectively). The MFs of the bilateral LES decreased with time (an average decreases of 0.008/5 minutes, P=0.002 in right LES and 0.004/5 minutes, P=0.018 in left LES). During thoracoscopic lobectomy, muscle fatigue was observed in muscles related to a static posture, such as the bilateral SC, UT, and ES. Further studies are required to investigate the ergonomic adjustments needed to reduce muscle fatigue in these static muscles.

  4. Thoracoscopic vertebral body stapling for treatment of scoliosis in young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laituri, Carrie A; Schwend, Richard M; Holcomb, George W

    2012-10-01

    The management of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis (JIS) in young children can be challenging. Vertebral body stapling (VBS) is a new alternate to bracing and is intended to reduce or eliminate the need for subsequent spinal fusion. In concept, VBS of the anterior spine inhibits curve progression, thus stabilizing the spine as the child grows. There is a paucity of data in the pediatric population on its effectiveness. Therefore, we reviewed our experience with thoracoscopic VBS in children with juvenile scoliosis. After Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, a retrospective study was conducted on all patients who underwent thoracoscopic VBS for scoliosis from January 2007 to December 2010. Only patients with a follow-up of at least 2 years were included in this study group. Data obtained were demographics, indications for VBS, degree of curvature, treatment, complications, and follow-up. Cobb angle was used to measure the initial degree of curvature on a standing posterior-anterior spine radiograph. During the study period, 11 patients underwent thoracoscopic VBS for JIS using single lung ventilation in a lateral position. Of those, 7 patients ages 8-11 years (mean, 9 years) with a mean body mass index of 17 kg/m(2) (±2.9 kg/m(2)) had at least a 2-year follow-up and make up the study group for this review. Indications for stapling in these 7 patients were progression of scoliosis (n=3), noncompliance with brace (n=3), and double curve with progression (n=1). The mean preoperative Cobb angle was 34.1±5° (range, 25°-41°), and the mean immediate postoperative Cobb angle was 23±5° (range, 16°-30°). The staples encompassed a mean number of 6.4 vertebral bodies. The mean duration of chest drainage was 2.7 days (range, 2-6 days), and the mean length of hospitalization was 3.9 days (range, 3-7 days). The mean operative time was 156.2±39.5 minutes (range, 101-214 minutes). There were no intraoperative complications or mortality. Postoperatively, 1

  5. The great debate: open or thoracoscopic repair for oesophageal atresia or diaphragmatic hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, Mark; Rothenberg, Steven S; Crabbe, David C G; Wulkan, Mark L

    2015-02-01

    Controversy exists over the best method and technique of repair of oesophageal atresia and diaphragmatic hernia. Open surgical repairs have a long established history of over 60 years of experience. Set against this has been a series of successful thoracoscopic repairs of both congenital anomalies reported over the past decade. This review was based upon a four-handed debate on the merits and weaknesses of the two contrasting surgical philosophies and reviews existing literature, techniques, complications, and importantly outcome and results. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Thoracoscopic repair of congenital tracheo-oesophageal fistula manifesting in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital trcheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF without oesophageal atresia is usually diagnosed and managed in the neonatal period. Its presentation in adulthood is a rarity. Traditional treatment of a TOF in adults involves its repair via a thoracotomy. We report the case of a 23-year-old man diagnosed with an H-type TOF during workup undertaken for his symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux. This fistula located at the level of third thoracic vertebra was repaired successfully using a thoracoscopic approach.

  7. Creating and Editing Video to Accompany Manuscripts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Shayna L; Porto, Dennis A; Ozog, David M; Council, M Laurin

    2016-02-01

    The use of video can enhance the learning experience by demonstrating procedural techniques that are difficult to relay in writing. Several peer-reviewed journals allow publication of videos alongside articles to complement the written text. The purpose of this article is to instruct the dermatologic surgeon on how to create and edit a video using a smartphone, to accompany a article. The authors describe simple tips to optimize surgical videography. The video that accompanies this article further demonstrates the techniques described. Creating a surgical video requires little experience or equipment and can be completed in a modest amount of time. Making and editing a video to accompany a article can be accomplished by following the simple recommendations in this article. In addition, the increased use of video in dermatologic surgery education can enhance the learning opportunity.

  8. Thoracoscopic pulmonary wedge resection without post-operative chest drain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Bo Laksafoss; Hansen, Henrik Jessen; Kehlet, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    effusion and coagulopathy. Chest X-rays were done twice on the day of surgery. 30-day complications were compiled from patient records. RESULTS: 49 patients underwent 51 unilateral VATS wedge resections without using a post-operative chest drain. No patient required reinsertion of a chest drain. 30 (59...... %) patients had a pneumothorax of mean size 12 ± 12 mm on supine 8-h post-operative X-ray for which the majority resolved spontaneously within 2-week control. There were no complications on 30-day follow-up. Median length of stay was 1 day. CONCLUSIONS: The results support that VATS wedge resection...... for pulmonary nodules without a post-operative chest drain may be safe in a selected group of patients....

  9. Bilateral thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy for pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis impairs adrenomedullary but not noradrenergic sympathetic function.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buscher, H.C.J.L.; Lenders, J.W.M.; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.; Sweep, C.G.J.; Goor, H. van

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Bilateral thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy (BTS) is a well-known technique to alleviate intractable pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis. BTS not only disrupts afferent fibers from the pancreas that mediate pain but also postganglionic sympathetic fibers, which originate in segments

  10. A Novel Technique for Risk Calculation of Anastomotic Leakage after Thoracoscopic Repair for Esophageal Atresia with Distal Fistula

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zee, D.C. van der; Vieira Travassos, D.; Jong, J.R. de; Tytgat, S.H.A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study was designed to determine the risk of anastomotic leakage after thoracoscopic repair for esophageal atresia by digitally measuring the length of the proximal esophagus and distance of carina to proximal esophagus. Methods: With the use of Picture Archiving and

  11. Augmented reality navigation in open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma resection with hemihepatectomy using video-based in situ three-dimensional anatomical modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Rui; Ma, Longfei; Xiang, Canhong; Wang, Xuedong; Li, Ang; Liao, Hongen; Dong, Jiahong

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Patients who undergo hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCAC) resection with concomitant hepatectomy have a high risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality due to surgical trauma to the hepatic and biliary vasculature. Patient concerns: A 58-year-old Chinese man with yellowing skin and sclera, abdominal distension, pruritus, and anorexia for approximately 3 weeks. Diagnoses: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed a mass over the biliary tree at the porta hepatis, which diagnosed to be s a hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Intervention: Three-dimensional (3D) images of the patient's hepatic and biliary structures were reconstructed preoperatively from CT data, and the 3D images were used for preoperative planning and augmented reality (AR)-assisted intraoperative navigation during open HCAC resection with hemihepatectomy. A 3D-printed model of the patient's biliary structures was also used intraoperatively as a visual reference. Outcomes: No serious postoperative complications occurred, and the patient was tumor-free at the 9-month follow-up examination based on CT results. Lessons: AR-assisted preoperative planning and intraoperative navigation might be beneficial in other patients with HCAC patients to reduce postoperative complications and ensure disease-free survival. In our postoperative analysis, we also found that, when the3D images were superimposed 3D-printed model using a see-through integral video graphy display device, our senses of depth perception and motion parallax were improved, compared with that which we had experienced intraoperatively using the videobased AR display system. PMID:28906410

  12. Role of Adjuvant Radiosurgery after Thoracoscopic Microsurgical Resection of a Spinal Schwannoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toba N. Niazi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Stereotactic radiosurgery to benign tumors of the spine has not been advocated as a primary treatment modality because of the favorable prognosis for these lesions after gross-total resection. There is even less evidence regarding its use as an adjuvant to neurosurgical resection of benign recurrent spinal disease. We describe the case of a 30-year-old man with a thoracic spinal schwannoma who had an interval increase of his lesion five months after thoracoscopic microsurgical resection. The patient opted for noninvasive stereotactic radiosurgery in lieu of additional surgical excision and has had stable disease 15 months after radiosurgical treatment with the linear accelerator (LINAC system. In this setting, stereotactic radiosurgery provided a useful adjunct to thoracoscopic microsurgical resection. Future Class I and II evidence should be sought to evaluate the utility of stereotactic radiosurgery as a primary treatment modality or as an adjuvant for microneurosurgical resection of benign spinal lesions in patients who want noninvasive treatment after disease recurrence or who harbor medical comorbidities that would preclude them from being safe surgical candidates.

  13. Left thoracoscopic sympathectomy and stellate ganglionectomy for treatment of the long QT syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reardon, P R; Matthews, B D; Scarborough, T K; Preciado, A; Marti, J L; Conklin, L D; Garson, A; Reardon, M J

    2000-01-01

    The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare inherited cardiac disorder that may induce fatal cardiac arrhythmias. Patients diagnosed with this disorder generally have several treatment options, including beta-blockade, cardiac pacing, an implantable automatic defibrillator, or a high thoracic left sympathectomy. We report the case of a 6-year-old girl with the LQTS treated by left thoracoscopic sympathectomy and stellate ganglionectomy. The procedure was performed after an initial thorascopic attempt at another institution failed due to inadequate resection of the sympathetic chain. Operative time was 85 min and blood loss was minimal. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. The girl's QT interval decreased and she was discharged on the 4th postoperative day. After 9 months of follow-up, she remains asymptomatic. We conclude that the LQTS patients who fail medical treatment can be treated successfully with left thoracoscopic cervicothoracic sympathectomy. We recommend that the extent of sympathectomy for treating the LQTS be T1-T4 and either the entire stellate ganglion or at least the inferior one-third.

  14. Thoracoscopic and laparoscopic repair of complicated Bochdalek hernia in adult.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmer, D; Alvarez-Tostado, J; Alfaro, A; Carmona, R; Salas, M

    2008-06-01

    Bochdalek's hernia is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that occurs predominantly in children. Perforation or necrosis of the involved organ is a feared complication and surgical repair constitutes the gold standard of treatment. We present a case of a 42-year-old female patient who presented with a 3-month history of left-upper-quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, tachycardia, and early postprandial vomit. Physical exploration was remarkable for audible peristalsis in the left hemithorax. Total white blood count was elevated and chest X-rays showed images of intestines in the left hemithorax. Tomography with double contrast reported left colon herniated to thorax. Left thoracoscopy was practised, finding a Bochdalek's hernia with presence of herniated descendent colon with a necrotic area, which was perforated and sealed. The herniated content was returned back in place, the diaphragmatic defect was corrected, and colostomy by laparoscopy was simultaneously performed. Her postoperative recovery was uneventful and she was discharged from the hospital. Combined thoracoscopy and laparoscopic surgery is effective in complicated cases of Bochdalek's hernia in adults, lessening surgical trauma and postsurgical morbidity.

  15. Akademisk video

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frølunde, Lisbeth

    2017-01-01

    Dette kapitel har fokus på metodiske problemstillinger, der opstår i forhold til at bruge (digital) video i forbindelse med forskningskommunikation, ikke mindst online. Video har længe været benyttet i forskningen til dataindsamling og forskningskommunikation. Med digitaliseringen og internettet er...... der dog opstået nye muligheder og udfordringer i forhold til at formidle og distribuere forskningsresultater til forskellige målgrupper via video. Samtidig er klassiske metodologiske problematikker som forskerens positionering i forhold til det undersøgte stadig aktuelle. Både klassiske og nye...... problemstillinger diskuteres i kapitlet, som rammesætter diskussionen ud fra forskellige positioneringsmuligheder: formidler, historiefortæller, eller dialogist. Disse positioner relaterer sig til genrer inden for ’akademisk video’. Afslutningsvis præsenteres en metodisk værktøjskasse med redskaber til planlægning...

  16. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...... World Videos. The workshops were run on December 4, 2016, in Cancun in Mexico. The two workshops together received 13 papers. Each paper was then reviewed by at least two expert reviewers in the field. In all, 11 papers were accepted to be presented at the workshops. The topics covered in the papers...

  17. Relationship between anxiety, depression and quality of life with the intensity of reflex sweating after thoracoscopic sympathectomy for treatment of primary hyperhidrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Luciara Irene DE Nadai; Miranda, Eliana Cristina Martins; Toro, Ivan Felizardo Contrera; Mussi, Ricardo Kalaf

    2016-01-01

    to compare the intensity of reflex sweating with the degree of anxiety and its interference in the quality of life of patients undergoing Thoracoscopic (VATS) sympathectomy in the pre- and postoperative period. we evaluated 54 patients with a mean age of 26 years (16-49 years) undergoing sympathectomy in the R3-R4 level. We applied two questionnaires at three different times: "Quality of life in patients with primary hyperhidrosis" and "Scale for anxiety and depression". of the patients studied, 93% showed significant improvement in quality of life 30 days after surgery, the effects remaining after six months. There were no postoperative complications. The patient's level of anxiety is highly correlated with the intensity of reflex sweating after 30 and 180 days. Thoracoscopic sympathectomy improves quality of life of patients with primary hyperhidrosis, even with the emergence of reflex sweating. Anxiety directly relates to the intensity of reflex sweating, without compromising the degree of patient satisfaction. avaliar a intensidade de sudorese reflexa com o grau de ansiedade e sua interferência na qualidade de vida de indivíduos submetidos à simpatectomia por videotoracoscopia nos períodos pré e pós-operatório. foram avaliados 54 pacientes com média de idade de 26 anos (16 a 49 anos), submetidos à simpatectomia em nível R3-R4. Dois questionários foram aplicados em três momentos diferentes: "Qualidade de vida em pacientes com hiperidrose primária e "Escala para ansiedade e depressão". dos pacientes estudados, 93% mostrou melhora significativa na qualidade de vida após 30 dias da cirurgia, com os efeitos remanescentes após seis meses. Não houve complicações pós-operatórias. A análise mostrou que o nível de ansiedade do paciente é altamente correlacionado com a intensidade da sudorese reflexa após 30 e 180 dias. a simpatectomia torácica por videotoracoscopia melhora a qualidade de vida de pacientes com hiperidrose primária, mesmo com o

  18. The learning curve of the three-port two-instrument complete thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer—A feasible technique worthy of popularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Jen Cheng

    2015-07-01

    Conclusion: Three-port complete thoracoscopic lobectomy with the two-instrument technique is feasible for lung cancer treatment. The length of the learning curve consisted of 28 cases. This TPTI technique should be popularized.

  19. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real W...

  20. Preoperative halo-gravity traction with and without thoracoscopic anterior release for skeletal dysplasia patients with severe kyphoscoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourtaheri, Sina; Shah, Suken A; Ditro, Colleen P; Holmes, Laurens; Mackenzie, William G

    2016-04-01

    Recent work has shown the safety and efficacy of halo-gravity traction as an operative adjunct. However, there are no reports specifically looking at halo-gravity traction in patients with skeletal dysplasia. Our purpose was to assess the safety and efficacy of traction in children with skeletal dysplasia who present with severe kyphoscoliosis. We retrospectively reviewed eight consecutive children with skeletal dysplasia who were treated with halo-gravity traction preoperatively. Six of the patients had a thoracoscopic anterior release prior to the halo-gravity traction. All patients were ambulatory and presented with severe, rigid kyphoscoliosis. The mean duration of traction was 32 days. There were no neurologic complications with traction or after posterior spinal instrumentation. The majority of kyphoscoliosis correction was with the halo-gravity traction alone: major curve (MC) Cobb angle improved 41 %; C7-center sacral vertical line, 75 %; C7-MC apex, 21 %; and T2-T12 kyphosis, 35 %. Trunk height increased 37 % and thoracic height 44 %. An additional amount of correction was obtained with posterior spinal instrumentation (±fusion), decreasing MC Cobb angle an additional 23 %; C7-apex, 16 %; and T2-T12 kyphosis, 10 %. There was no additional correction of thoracic height. Two years after posterior spinal instrumentation (±fusion), a mild-to-moderate amount of correction was lost: MC Cobb angle decreased 23 %; compensatory Cobb angle, 28 %; C7-CSVL, 24 %; C7-S1, 22 %; regional kyphosis, 31 %; thoracic kyphosis, 29 %; and trunk height, 27 %. Among children with skeletal dysplasia and severe kyphosis, halo-gravity traction is well tolerated and safe. Most of the corrections in radiographic parameters were achieved with traction alone. Traction improves coronal balance, apical translation, thoracic height, and kyphosis. In this specific population, the potential for neurologic injury during corrective surgery is high. However, preoperative halo

  1. Advanced Epithelioid Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Showing Complete Response to Combined Surgery and Chemotherapy: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomohiro Minagawa

    2011-01-01

    We describe a case of a 62-year-old male with an epithelioid MPNST of the left foot. Multiple lung metastases developed after radical surgery on the primary lesion. The response to adjuvant chemotherapy including doxorubicin and ifosfamide was favorable, and thoracoscopic resection was subsequently performed on the remaining three metastases. No evidence of recurrence or metastasis was observed at the 12-month followup after the first operation. Further followup and chemotherapy may be required.

  2. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Darcy Ribeiro; Tedde, Miguel Lia; Avino, Alexandre José Gonçalves; Brandão, Suzan Lúcia Brancher; Zanatta, Iuri; Hahn, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia. PMID:25750678

  3. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filho Pinto, Darcy Ribeiro; Tedde, Miguel Lia; Avino, Alexandre José Gonçalves; Brandão, Suzan Lúcia Brancher; Zanatta, Iuri; Hahn, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia.

  4. Video-assisted thoracoscopic implantation of a diaphragmatic pacemaker in a child with tetraplegia: indications, technique, and results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darcy Ribeiro Pinto Filho

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a child with tetraplegia after cervical trauma, who subsequently underwent diaphragmatic pacemaker implantation. We reviewed the major indications for diaphragmatic pacing and the types of devices employed. We highlight the unequivocal benefit of diaphragmatic pacing in the social and educational reintegration of individuals with tetraplegia.

  5. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...... include: re-identification, consumer behavior analysis, utilizing pupillary response for task difficulty measurement, logo detection, saliency prediction, classification of facial expressions, face recognition, face verification, age estimation, super-resolution, pose estimation, and pain recognition...

  6. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    include: re-identification, consumer behavior analysis, utilizing pupillary response for task difficulty measurement, logo detection, saliency prediction, classification of facial expressions, face recognition, face verification, age estimation, super-resolution, pose estimation, and pain recognition......This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...

  7. Spontaneous ventilation anaesthesia: total intravenous anaesthesia with local anaesthesia or thoracic epidural anaesthesia for thoracoscopic bullectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhihua; Yin, Weiqiang; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xin; Peng, Guilin; Xu, Xin; Huang, Zhaomin; Liang, Lixia; Chen, Hanzhang; He, Jianxing

    2016-11-01

    At present, few data exist regarding the comparisons of perioperative outcomes and recurrence of spontaneous ventilation (SV) video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) bullectomy using total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with local anaesthesia (LA) or thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA). We evaluated the feasibility and safety of TIVA with LA in the management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). We conducted a single-institution retrospective analysis of patients undergoing VATS bullectomy between July 2011 and May 2015; 240 patients were included for analysis. Preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative variables of patients undergoing VATS bullectomy using TIVA-TEA (n = 140) were compared with those using TIVA-LA (n = 100). Baseline demographics were similar between groups. No patients in either group required conversion to thoracotomy. Three patients (TIVA-TEA: 2; TIVA-LA: 1) required conversion to intubated general anaesthesia. Both groups had comparable surgical duration, estimated blood loss, peak EtCO2 and lowest intraoperative SpO2 level. Postoperatively, thoracic drainage volume, duration of chest tube drainage and hospitalization cost did not differ between groups. The incidence of postoperative complications between groups was not significant (2% for TIVA-TEA vs 2% for TIVA-LA, P = 1.00). Pneumothorax recurrence rate was 3% in TIVA-TEA cases (n = 4) and 2% in TIVA-LA cases (n = 2). SV-VATS bullectomy using TIVA with LA or TEA is technically feasible and safe. Both groups have comparable short-term outcomes and recurrence rates; TIVA-LA seems a valid alternative to TIVA-TEA for the surgical management of PSP under SV. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.

  8. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... publication. This page is no longer being updated. Video: Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida ... opening in the spine. In a new Web video, study author Catherine Y. Spong, M.D., Chief ...

  9. Use of virtual assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP), a bronchoscopic multispot dye-marking technique using virtual images, for precise navigation of thoracoscopic sublobar lung resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Masaaki; Omasa, Mitsugu; Chen, Fengshi; Sato, Toshihiko; Sonobe, Makoto; Bando, Toru; Date, Hiroshi

    2014-06-01

    We have developed a novel bronchoscopic multiple marking technique to assist resection of hardly palpable lung tumors. Because 3-dimensional virtual images were used and multiple markings made on the lung surface to provide "geometric" information, we termed this technique "virtual assisted lung mapping" (VAL-MAP). The safety and efficacy of VAL-MAP were evaluated. Virtual bronchoscopy was used to select 2 to 4 appropriate bronchial branches for marking. Bronchoscopy was conducted with the patient under local anesthesia. A metal-tip catheter was inserted into a selected bronchus and advanced to the pleura. The location of the catheter tip was fluoroscopically confirmed, and 1 mL of indigo carmine was injected. This procedure was repeated to complete all the planned markings. Post-VAL-MAP computed tomography was used to visualize the localization of the multiple markings on 3-dimensional virtual images, which were used as references in the subsequent operation. Of the 95 marking attempts made for 37 tumors in 30 patients, 88 (92.6%) were identified and contributed to the surgery. No clinically evident complications were associated with the procedure. A total of 15 wedge resections and 18 segmentectomies were thoracoscopically conducted, with a successful resection rate of 100%. Multiple markings of the VAL-MAP were complementary, enabling us to achieve complete resection even when 1 of the markings failed. The markings were visible even on interlobar fissures, at the apex, and on the diaphragm, which conventional percutaneous marking can hardly reach. VAL-MAP was safely conducted with satisfactory outcomes in our early experience. Additional confirmation of its safety and efficacy is necessary. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Ear surgery - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... GO GO About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Medical Encyclopedia → Ear surgery - series—Normal anatomy URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/ ...

  11. Cataract surgery - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... GO GO About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Medical Encyclopedia → Cataract surgery - series—Normal anatomy URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/ ...

  12. Corrective Jaw Surgery

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available AAOMS - Oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The experts in face, mouth and jaw surgery.™ What We Do Who We Are News Videos Contact Find ... Administration of Anesthesia Administration of Anesthesia Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are extensively trained to appropriately administer local ...

  13. Catheter ablation vs electrophysiologically guided thoracoscopic surgical ablation in long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation: The CASA-AF Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Shouvik K; Jones, David G; Bahrami, Toufan; De Souza, Anthony; Panikker, Sandeep; Butcher, Charlie; Khan, Habib; Yahdav, Rashmi; Jarman, Julian; Mantziari, Lilian; Nyktari, Eva; Mohiaddin, Raad; Hussain, Wajid; Markides, Vias; Wong, Tom

    2017-11-01

    Catheter ablation (CA) outcomes for long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (LSPAF) remain suboptimal. Thoracoscopic surgical ablation (SA) provides an alternative approach in this difficult to treat cohort. To compare electrophysiological (EP) guided thoracoscopic SA with percutaneous CA as the first-line strategy in the treatment of LSPAF. Fifty-one patients with de novo symptomatic LSPAF were recruited. Twenty-six patients underwent electrophysiologically guided thoracoscopic SA. Conduction block was tested for all lesions intraoperatively by an independent electrophysiologist. In the CA group, 25 consecutive patients underwent stepwise left atrial (LA) ablation. The primary end point was single-procedure freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachycardia (AT) lasting >30 seconds without antiarrhythmic drugs at 12 months. Single- and multiprocedure freedom from AF/AT was higher in the SA group than in the CA group: 19 of 26 patients (73%) vs 8 of 25 patients (32%) (P = .003) and 20 of 26 patients (77%) vs 15 of 25 patients (60%) (P = .19), respectively. Testing of the SA lesion set by an electrophysiologist increased the success rate in achieving acute conduction block by 19%. In the SA group, complications were experienced by 7 of 26 patients (27%) vs 2 of 25 patients (8%) in the CA group (P = .07). In LSPAF, meticulous electrophysiologically guided thoracoscopic SA as a first-line strategy may provide excellent single-procedure success rates as compared with those of CA, but there is an increased up-front risk of nonfatal complications. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Two-step method for creating a gastric tube during laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yu; Li, Ji-Jia; Zu, Peng; Liu, Hong-Xu; Yu, Zhan-Wu; Ren, Yi

    2017-12-07

    To introduce a two-step method for creating a gastric tube during laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy and assess its clinical application. One hundred and twenty-two patients with middle or lower esophageal cancer who underwent laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy at Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute from March 2014 to March 2016 were included in this study, and divided into two groups based on the procedure used for creating a gastric tube. One group used a two-step method for creating a gastric tube, and the other group used the conventional method. The two groups were compared regarding the operating time, surgical complications, and number of stapler cartridges used. The mean operating time was significantly shorter in the two-step method group than in the conventional method group [238 (179-293) min vs 272 (189-347) min, P two groups. The two-step method for creating a gastric tube during laparoscopic-thoracoscopic Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy has the advantages of simple operation, minimal damage to the tubular stomach, and reduced use of stapler cartridges.

  15. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research Priorities Funding Opportunities & Notices Contract Opportunities Grants Process, Policies & ... Video: Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida Share ...

  16. Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery in Pediatric Patients: The Taiwan Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Kai Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimally invasive technology or laparoscopic surgery underwent a major breakthrough over the past two decades. The first experience of thoracoscopy in children was reported around 1980 for diagnosis of intrathoracic pathology and neoplasia. Up until the middle of the 1990s, the surgical community in Taiwan was still not well prepared to accept the coming era of minimally invasive surgery. In the beginning, laparoscopy was performed in only a few specialties and only relatively short or simple surgeries were considered. But now, the Taiwan’s experiences over the several different clinical scenarios were dramatically increased. Therefore, we elaborated on the experience about pectus excavatum: Nuss procedure, primary spontaneous hemopneumothorax, thoracoscopic thymectomy, and empyema in Taiwan.

  17. Minimally invasive atrial fibrillation ablation combined with a new technique for thoracoscopic stapling of the left atrial appendage: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balkhy, Husam H; Chapman, Peter D; Arnsdorf, Susan E

    2004-01-01

    Surgical therapy for atrial fibrillation (AF) is becoming increasingly popular in the concomitant setting. Minimally invasive techniques are being developed for management of the patient with stand-alone AF. We report on our first case of a patient undergoing thoracoscopic microwave epicardial AF ablation combined with the incorporation of a new device for left atrial appendage (LAA) exclusion. The patient is a 62-year-old man with a 10-year history of drug-resistant paroxysmal AF. He had failed multiple electrical cardioversions, as well as a percutaneous attempt at left and right superior pulmonary vein (PV) isolation. On October 8, 2003, he was admitted to undergo an off-pump thoracoscopic epicardial microwave ablation. While the patient was under general anesthesia, 3 thoracoscopic access ports were created in the right chest. The pericardium was widely opened. Red rubber catheters were positioned in the transverse and oblique sinuses. The 2 catheters were retrieved on the left side and tied together, forming a guide to the Flex 10 microwave ablation probe (Guidant Corporation, Fremont, CA, USA). The Flex 10 sheath was positioned to encircle all 4 pulmonary veins. The position of the ablation catheter was confirmed visually to be behind the LAA. Sequential ablation was then performed in the segments of the Flex 10 to create a continuous ablation line around the PVs. A connecting lesion to the base of the LAA was then performed. The LAA was then stapled using the SurgASSIST computer-mediated thoracoscopic stapling system (Power Medical Intervention, New Hope, PA, USA). The procedure was uneventful and lasted for a total of 2.5 hours. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 2 in rate-controlled AF. He was successfully electrically cardioverted to normal sinus rhythm (NSR). At latest follow-up he remained in NSR and continued to take dofetilide (Tikosyn). Thoracoscopic epicardial microwave ablation of AF is a technically feasible procedure with

  18. Training value of laparoscopic colorectal videos on the World Wide Web: a pilot study on the educational quality of laparoscopic right hemicolectomy videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celentano, V; Browning, M; Hitchins, C; Giglio, M C; Coleman, M G

    2017-11-01

    Instructive laparoscopy videos with appropriate exposition could be ideal for initial training in laparoscopic surgery, but unfortunately there are no guidelines for annotating these videos or agreed methods to measure the educational content and the safety of the procedure presented. Aim of this study is to systematically search the World Wide Web to determine the availability of laparoscopic colorectal surgery videos and to objectively establish their potential training value. A search for laparoscopic right hemicolectomy videos was performed on the three most used English language web search engines Google.com, Bing.com, and Yahoo.com; moreover, a survey among 25 local trainees was performed to identify additional websites for inclusion. All laparoscopic right hemicolectomy videos with an English language title were included. Videos of open surgery, single incision laparoscopic surgery, robotic, and hand-assisted surgery were excluded. The safety of the demonstrated procedure was assessed with a validated competency assessment tool specifically designed for laparoscopic colorectal surgery and data on the educational content of the video were extracted. Thirty-one websites were identified and 182 surgical videos were included. One hundred and seventy-three videos (95%) detailed the year of publication; this demonstrated a significant increase in the number of videos published per year from 2009. Characteristics of the patient were rarely presented, only 10 videos (5.4%) reported operating time and only 6 videos (3.2%) reported 30-day morbidity; 34 videos (18.6%) underwent a peer-review process prior to publication. Formal case presentation, the presence of audio narration, the use of diagrams, and snapshots and a step-by-step approach are all characteristics of peer-reviewed videos but no significant difference was found in the safety of the procedure. Laparoscopic videos can be a useful adjunct to operative training. There is a large and increasing amount of

  19. Video games and surgical ability: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Jeremy; Aughwane, Paul; Hammond, Toby M

    2010-01-01

    Surgical training is rapidly evolving because of reduced training hours and the reduction of training opportunities due to patient safety concerns. There is a popular conception that video game usage might be linked to improved operating ability especially those techniques involving endoscopic modalities. If true this might suggest future directions for training. A search was made of the MEDLINE databases for the MeSH term, "Video Games," combined with the terms "Surgical Procedures, Operative," "Endoscopy," "Robotics," "Education," "Learning," "Simulators," "Computer Simulation," "Psychomotor Performance," and "Surgery, Computer-Assisted,"encompassing all journal articles before November 2009. References of articles were searched for further studies. Twelve relevant journal articles were discovered. Video game usage has been studied in relationship to laparoscopic, gastrointestinal endoscopic, endovascular, and robotic surgery. Video game users acquire endoscopic but not robotic techniques quicker, and training on video games appears to improve performance. Copyright (c) 2010 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Evaluation of Three Sources of Validity Evidence for a Synthetic Thoracoscopic Esophageal Atresia/Tracheoesophageal Fistula Repair Simulator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsness, Katherine A; Rooney, Deborah M; Davis, Lauren M; O'Brien, Ellie

    2015-07-01

    Thoracoscopic esophageal atresia (EA)/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) repair is technically challenging. We have previously reported our experiences with a high-fidelity hybrid model for simulation-based educational instruction in thoracoscopic EA/TEF, including the high cost of the tissue for these models. The purposes of this study were (1) to create a low-cost synthetic tissue EA/TEF repair simulation model and (2) to evaluate the content validity of the synthetic tissue simulator. Review of the literature and computed tomography images were used to create computer-aided drawings (CAD) for a synthetic, size-appropriate EA/TEF tissue insert. The inverse of the CAD image was then printed in six different sections to create a mold that could be filled with platinum-cured silicone. The silicone EA/TEF insert was then placed in a previously described neonatal thorax and covered with synthetic skin. Following institutional review board-exempt determination, 47 participants performed some or all of a simulated thoracoscopic EA/TEF during two separate international meetings (International Pediatric Endosurgery Group [IPEG] and World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons [WOFAPS]). Participants were identified as "experts," having 6-50 self-reported thoracoscopic EA/TEF repairs, and "novice," having 0-5 self-reported thoracoscopic EA/TEF repairs. Participants completed a self-report, six-domain, 24-item instrument consisting of 23 5-point rating scales and one 4-point Global Rating Scale. Validity evidence relevant to test content and response processes was evaluated using the many-facet Rasch model, and evidence of internal structure (interitem consistency) was estimated using Cronbach's alpha. A review of the participants' ratings indicates there were no overall differences across sites (IPEG versus WOFAPS, P=.84) or experience (expert versus novice, P=.17). The highest observed averages were 4.4 (Value of Simulator as a Training Tool), 4.3 (Physical

  1. IOL Implants: Lens Replacement and Cataract Surgery (Intraocular Lenses)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cataract Surgery vs. Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery Cataract Vision Simulator Cataract Pictures and Videos: What Do ... Nov. 16, 2016 An intraocular lens (or IOL) is a tiny, artificial lens for the eye. It replaces the eye's ...

  2. Emprego de sistemas robóticos na cirurgia cardiovascular Robotic systems in cardiovascular surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto T. Sant'Anna

    2004-06-01

    field hospitals with surgeons in a distant location (tele-presence. But the first human application of robotic surgery occurred years later in a transurethral resection for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Cardiac surgeons were attracted to the robotic techniques because of the potential reduction in the invasive character of the procedures. This results in reduced trauma, a reduction of pain and morbidity, a faster recovery and lower cost of surgery. Robotic systems were developed, allowing totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery for myocardial revascularization and multi-site pacemaker implantation in selected cases. Video-thoracoscopic support systems for internal thoracic artery harvesting, mitral valve reconstruction and correction of congenital heart defects also exist. We used the AESOP® system with HERMES® voice control to harvest the internal thoracic artery, trans-thoracic implantation of the left ventricular electrode and as an approach to congenital heart defects for surgical repair. In spite of scientific enthusiasm related to robotic surgery, there is no clear evidence of superiority of this technique when compared to conventional procedures in terms of results. The same is true with the cost of the procedures, and even if a single robotic surgery is less expensive, the initial investment for a complete robotic system (console, video control, instruments can be compensated only with many procedures over the long term. But there is no doubt that robotic surgery will have a place in the future of surgery, providing tele-presence of the surgeon, enabling teaching and training and performing less invasive surgical procedures.

  3. Educational Video Recording and Editing for The Hand Surgeon

    OpenAIRE

    Rehim, Shady A.; Chung, Kevin C.

    2015-01-01

    Digital video recordings are increasingly used across various medical and surgical disciplines including hand surgery for documentation of patient care, resident education, scientific presentations and publications. In recent years, the introduction of sophisticated computer hardware and software technology has simplified the process of digital video production and improved means of disseminating large digital data files. However, the creation of high quality surgical video footage requires b...

  4. NEI You Tube Videos: Amblyopia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... NEI YouTube Videos > NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia NEI YouTube Videos YouTube Videos Home Age-Related Macular Degeneration ... Retinopathy of Prematurity Science Spanish Videos Webinars NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia Embedded video for NEI YouTube Videos: ...

  5. NEI You Tube Videos: Amblyopia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... YouTube Videos > NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia NEI YouTube Videos YouTube Videos Home Age-Related Macular Degeneration Amblyopia ... of Prematurity Science Spanish Videos Webinars NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia Embedded video for NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia ...

  6. NEI You Tube Videos: Amblyopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... YouTube Videos > NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia NEI YouTube Videos YouTube Videos Home Age-Related Macular Degeneration Amblyopia ... of Prematurity Science Spanish Videos Webinars NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia Embedded video for NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia ...

  7. Comparison Study of Post-operative Pain and Short-term Quality of Life between Uniportal and Three Portal Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery for Radical Lung Cancer Resection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhipeng HAO

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective In the recent years, uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (uniportal-VATS is developing rapidly on the basis of traditional three portal VATS and has been applied for radical resection of lung cancer, its superiority on the clinical application compared with traditional VATS is also become the focus of the attention, the aim of this study is to preliminary investigate the effect of uniportal -VATS on post-operative pain and short-term quality of life. Methods Data of 216 patients who underwent uniportal-VATS (n=115 or three portal VATS (3P-VATS(n=101 for radical resection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC were analyzed. The clinical and operative data were assessed, visual analogue scale (VAS was used to evaluate the minimum and maximum pain score (VASmin and VASmax on the 3rd and 7th post-operative day. Chinese version 4.0 of Functional Assessment of Cancer Treatment-Lung (FACT-L was applied to evaluate the short-term quality of life preoperatively and 3 months after operation, respectively. Incidence of incision numbness and satisfaction rate of incision appearance were compared between the two groups 3 months after operation. Results Both groups were similar in clinical characteristics, there were no perioperative death in two groups. While the operative time of uniportal-VATS group (157.62±19.50 min was longer than that of the 3P-VATS group [(116.00±17.32 min, P<0.001], the chest tube duration and postoperative hospital stay of uniportal-VATS group [(4.37±1.65 d, (9.87±1.25 d] were both shorter than those of 3P-VATS group [(5.54±1.57 d, (10.43±1.43 d, P=0.020, P=0.004]. No statistically significant difference was reported in VASmin-d3 [(1.98±0.57 vs (2.09±0.59, P=0.148] between the two groups, however, VASmin-d7 and VASmax-d3,d7 were all significantly less in uniportal-VATS group [(1.46±0.29, (3.75±0.54, (2.43±0.53] than in 3P-VATS group [(1.58±0.30, (3.93±0.51, (2.62±0.62, P=0.003, P=0.011, P=0

  8. Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series This series of five videos was designed ... Activity Role of Body Weight in Osteoarthritis Educational Videos for Patients Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series Psoriatic ...

  9. Use of the Ligasure vessel-sealing device for thoracoscopic peripheral lung biopsy in healthy dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayhew, Philipp D; Culp, William T N; Pascoe, Peter J; Arzi, Natasha Vapniasky

    2012-05-01

    To evaluate the use of a bipolar vessel-sealing device for peripheral lung lobe biopsy in healthy dogs. Experimental study. Mature female hound dogs (n = 6). Thoracoscopic access was obtained by placement of a subxiphoid telescope portal with instrument portals at the right 4-6th intercostal spaces and the left 10th intercostal space. The 10-mm Ligasure Atlas device was used to collect a biopsy specimen from the periphery of the left cranial lung lobe. Dogs were recovered from anesthesia. Histologic evaluation was used to characterize the effect of biopsy technique on pulmonary tissue. Thoracic radiography was performed at 1, 2, 4, and ∼180 days to evaluate for air leakage or other postoperative complications. Lung specimens were collected without complications. Postoperatively, 1 dog had some residual pneumothorax thought to be secondary to incomplete thoracic evacuation of air postoperatively. No evidence of air leakage was detected at any time point. Histologically, specimens had 3 distinct zones: a crush zone representing the tissue within the jaws of the device, a transition zone of thermally damaged parenchyma, and beyond that a viable zone of normal parenchyma. From these limited data, it appears that the Ligasure Atlas vessel-sealing device can be used for peripheral lung biopsy in healthy dogs. Further studies are required to evaluate the efficacy of the device in dogs with parenchymal disease. Copyright 2012 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  10. 61214++++','DOAJ-ART-EN'); return false;" href="+++++https://jual.nipissingu.ca/wp-content/uploads/sites/25/2014/06/v61214.m4v">61214++++">Jailed - Video

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cameron CULBERT

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As the public education system in Northern Ontario continues to take a downward spiral, a plethora of secondary school students are being placed in an alternative educational environment. Juxtaposing the two educational settings reveals very similar methods and characteristics of educating our youth as opposed to using a truly alternative approach to education. This video reviews the relationship between public education and alternative education in a remote Northern Ontario setting. It is my belief that the traditional methods of teaching are not appropriate in educating at risk students in alternative schools. Paper and pencil worksheets do not motivate these students to learn and succeed. Alternative education should emphasize experiential learning, a just in time curriculum based on every unique individual and the students true passion for everyday life. Cameron Culbert was born on February 3rd, 1977 in North Bay, Ontario. His teenage years were split between attending public school and his willed curriculum on the ski hill. Culbert spent 10 years (1996-2002 & 2006-2010 competing for Canada as an alpine ski racer. His passion for teaching and coaching began as an athlete and has now transferred into the classroom and the community. As a graduate of Nipissing University (BA, BEd, MEd. Camerons research interests are alternative education, physical education and technology in the classroom. Currently Cameron is an active educator and coach in Northern Ontario.

  11. Análise dos custos do reprocessamento de pinças de uso único utilizadas em cirurgia vídeo-assistida Análisis de los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de único uso, utilizadas en cirugía video-asistida Cost analysis of reprocessing disposable forceps used in video-assisted surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Molina Psaltikidis

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou analisar os custos do reprocessamento de pinças de uso único, utilizadas em cirurgia vídeo-assistida. O reuso freqüente desses artigos é justificado pelo alto custo, entretanto, poucos estudos foram desenvolvidos sob esse enfoque. Aplicou-se o método de estudo de casos múltiplos, em três instituições hospitalares do Estado de São Paulo, utilizando as técnicas da observação e análise documental. O custo do reprocessamento foi de R$ 9,37 no Caso nº 1, R$ 6,59 no Caso nº 2 e R$ 3,31 no Caso nº 3. O baixo custo verificado deve ser analisado com cautela, pois se verifica que o controle de qualidade tem pequena participação na composição do custo final. Quando todas as medidas de controle de qualidade são adotadas, o custo do reprocessamento passa a ser de R$ 185,19 no Caso nº 1, R$ 595,82 no Caso nº 2 e de R$ 363,10 no Caso nº 3.El trabajo objetivó analizar los costos del reprocesamiento de pinzas de uso único utilizadas en cirugía video-asistida. Fue aplicado el método de estudio de casos múltiples, en tres instituciones hospitalarias del Estado de São Paulo, utilizando la técnica de observación y de análisis documental. El costo del reprocesamiento fue de 9,37 Reales (R$, en el caso nº 1; de R$ 6,59 en el caso nº 2 y de R$ 3,31 en el caso nº 3. El bajo costo verificado debe ser analizado con cautela, ya que el control de calidad tiene participación en la composición del costo final. Al ser adoptadas las medidas de control de calidad, el costo del reprocesamiento pasa a ser de R$ 185,19 en el caso nº 1; de R$ 595,82 en el caso nº 2 y de R$ 363,10 en el caso nº 3.This study aimed to analyze the reprocessing costs of disposable forceps used in video-assisted surgery. The frequent reuse of these instruments is justified by their high cost. However, few studies have been carried out on this topic. The multiple case study method was applied in three hospitals in the State of São Paulo

  12. Video Design Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith, Rachel Charlotte; Christensen, Kasper Skov; Iversen, Ole Sejer

    We introduce Video Design Games to train educators in teaching design. The Video Design Game is a workshop format consisting of three rounds in which participants observe, reflect and generalize based on video snippets from their own practice. The paper reports on a Video Design Game workshop...

  13. Video-assisted lobectomy for endobronchial leiomyoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Bartosik, Waldemar

    2011-02-01

    Endobronchial leiomyomas are rare tumours arising from the smooth muscle on the bronchial tree. We describe a patient with a six-month history of chest infections, who was treated surgically with a video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. The pathology revealed an endobronchial leiomyoma that coexisted with postobstructive pulmonary non-necrotising granulomas.

  14. Characterization of social video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrowski, Jeffrey R.; Sarhan, Nabil J.

    2009-01-01

    The popularity of social media has grown dramatically over the World Wide Web. In this paper, we analyze the video popularity distribution of well-known social video websites (YouTube, Google Video, and the AOL Truveo Video Search engine) and characterize their workload. We identify trends in the categories, lengths, and formats of those videos, as well as characterize the evolution of those videos over time. We further provide an extensive analysis and comparison of video content amongst the main regions of the world.

  15. Preventing Blood Clots After Orthopaedic Surgery

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the development of blood clots after your surgery. This may include periodic elevation of your legs, lower ... support stockings, and medication to thin your blood. This video provides additional information about DVT and its ...

  16. Epilepsy Surgery for Individuals with TSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Privacy Policy Sitemap Learn Engage Donate About TSC Epilepsy Surgery for Individuals with TSC In this video ... Aria Fallah, MD, discusses the surgical treatment of epilepsy in children with tuberous sclerosis complex. Epilepsy is ...

  17. YouTube™ as an information resource for orthognathic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegarty, Emmett; Campbell, Ciara; Grammatopoulos, Ektor; DiBiase, Andrew T; Sherriff, Martyn; Cobourne, Martyn T

    2017-06-01

    To investigate video content on YouTube™ related to orthognathic surgery. YouTube™ was searched using the terms: orthognathic surgery; orthodontic surgery; jaw surgery; jaw corrective surgery. Inclusion criteria included English language; primary content orthognathic surgery and acceptable audio-visual quality. Videos were sorted into the top 50 for each search term by view-count and into an overall top 60 from the four searches. The following parameters were recorded for each video: number of views; likes; dislikes; source; primary intention. Each was classified according to information content as 'excellent', 'moderate' or 'poor'. A pre-determined list of orthognathic surgery-related information domains was also evaluated. The top 60 videos had a combined total of 6,986,141 views. Videos predominantly involved patients describing their personal experience (41.67%) with the majority positively biased (61.67%). Only 9.17% of videos were classified as having excellent general information content and 55.83% were rated as poor. Surgical procedures were described in 45% whilst the need for pre- and post-surgical orthodontics was discussed in 33% and 16%, respectively. Post-operative paraesthesia was discussed in 17.5% of videos outcome. Video content on YouTube™ relating to orthognathic surgery is substandard and patients should be advised to view it with caution.

  18. Thoracoscopically-assisted doxycycline sclerotherapy for a microcystic thoracoabdominal lymphatic malformation in a 3-month-old patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Nissen

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Here we report successful thoracoscopic-assisted sclerotherapy of a large, prenatally diagnosed microcystic thoracoabdominal lymphatic malformation in a 3-month-old infant born at 38 weeks gestational age. Compression of the inferior vena cava and aortic displacement was demonstrated on imaging. Treatment options include medical management, percutaneous sclerotherapy, or surgical resection. The latter options were complicated by the location of this lesion. Therefore, sclerotherapy under direct visualization via thoracoscopy was performed with near resolution of the lesion after one treatment. This is the first description of treatment of a lymphatic malformation via this approach reported in the literature.

  19. Video. Natural orifice transtracheal evaluation of the thoracic cavity and mediastinum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chen; Liu, Hung-Ping; Chu, Yen; Liu, Yun-Hen; Wu, Ching-Yang; Ko, Po-Jen; Liu, Hui-Ping

    2010-11-01

    This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a novel transtracheal endoscopic technique for thoracic and mediastinum evaluation in a canine model. In two dogs under general anesthesia, a transverse incision was made in the right lateral wall of the lower trachea and used as an entrance for thoracic and mediastinum evaluation. Transtracheal thoracoscopic evaluation was possible in both animals. One animal experienced massive subcutaneous emphysema immediately after evaluation of the thoracic cavity and required chest tube drainage. The follow-up endoscopies 2 weeks after surgery showed good healing of the tracheal openings in both animals. The transtracheal approach to the thoracic cavity and mediastinum appears to be feasible. This technique may provide an intriguing platform for the development of natural orifice transluminal surgery (NOTES) in the thoracic cavity.

  20. Classifying smoke in laparoscopic videos using SVM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alshirbaji Tamer Abdulbaki

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Smoke in laparoscopic videos usually appears due to the use of electrocautery when cutting or coagulating tissues. Therefore, detecting smoke can be used for event-based annotation in laparoscopic surgeries by retrieving the events associated with the electrocauterization. Furthermore, smoke detection can also be used for automatic smoke removal. However, detecting smoke in laparoscopic video is a challenge because of the changeability of smoke patterns, the moving camera and the different lighting conditions. In this paper, we present a video-based smoke detection algorithm to detect smoke of different densities such as fog, low and high density in laparoscopic videos. The proposed method depends on extracting various visual features from the laparoscopic images and providing them to support vector machine (SVM classifier. Features are based on motion, colour and texture patterns of the smoke. We validated our algorithm using experimental evaluation on four laparoscopic cholecystectomy videos. These four videos were manually annotated by defining every frame as smoke or non-smoke frame. The algorithm was applied to the videos by using different feature combinations for classification. Experimental results show that the combination of all proposed features gives the best classification performance. The overall accuracy (i.e. correctly classified frames is around 84%, with the sensitivity (i.e. correctly detected smoke frames and the specificity (i.e. correctly detected non-smoke frames are 89% and 80%, respectively.

  1. Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Loss Featured Resource Find an Endocrinologist Search Bariatric Surgery September 2017 Download PDFs English Espanol Editors Durga ... Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery MedlinePlus What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery helps people who are very obese ...

  2. Bariatric Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Weight Loss Featured Resource Find an Endocrinologist Search Bariatric Surgery September 2017 Download PDFs English Espanol Editors Durga ... for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery MedlinePlus What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery helps people who are very obese ...

  3. Global Teleophthalmology With the Smartphone for Microscopic Ocular Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Yufeng; Wang, Jianhua; Xie, Yanan; Jiang, Hong; Zhong, Jianguang; He, Xiaojian; Zhang, Huicheng

    2016-09-01

    This study aimed to determine the feasibility and quality of real-time video transferring in global teleophthalmology using two smartphones during microscopic ocular surgery. An iPhone 4S (Apple) was adapted into a surgical microscope in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China to capture video during microscopic ocular surgery. An iPhone 5 (Apple), an iPad2 (Apple), and a desktop computer were used as the receptor on the other side of the globe (Miami, FL). A standard resolution test card and the three surgeries of human eyes were captured. During the global video teleconferencing, the real-time video was transferred through Skype from Hangzhou to Miami. A standard resolution test card and the surgery of human eyes were captured. The real-time image resolutions captured and displayed on both phones at different places were measured. Real-time vocal communications concurrent between two parties took place during video conferencing when the ocular surgery was performed in Hangzhou. The video sequences were transferred in real time between the two cities while two parties conversed smoothly without any difficulty. The viewer in Miami clearly visualized the surgical procedure performed in Hangzhou without lagging and distortion. The spatial resolution observed on the video in real time was similar for both phones. The study demonstrated that global video teleophthalmology for microscopic ocular surgery is feasible using two smartphones. The simple, portable, and affordable add-on attachment to the surgical microscope transfers high-quality video for real-time global teleophthalmology.

  4. Limited effect of thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy in the treatment of severe chronic pancreatitis pain: a prospective long-term analysis of 75 cases.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buscher, H.C.J.L.; Schipper, E.; Wilder-Smith, O.H.G.; Jansen, J.B.M.J.; Goor, H. van

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Bilateral thoracoscopic splanchnicectomy is a minimally invasive method of treating pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis. It offers good, short-term pain relief, but long-term success is difficult to predict. We analyze long-term results and identify factors predicting success of

  5. [Surgery for thoracic tuberculosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilani, T; Boudaya, M S; Zribi, H; Ouerghi, S; Marghli, A; Mestiri, T; Mezni, F

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis is mainly a medical disease. Surgery has been the unique therapeutic tool for a long time before the advent of specific antituberculous drugs, and the role of surgery was then confined to the treatment of the sequelae of tuberculosis and their complications. The resurgence of tuberculosis and the emergence of multidrug-resistant TB combined to immunosuppressed patients represent a new challenge for tuberculosis surgery. Surgery may be indicated for a diagnostic purpose in patients with pulmonary, pleural, mediastinal or thoracic wall involvement, or with a therapeutic purpose (drainage, resection, residual cavity obliteration). Modern imaging techniques and the advent of video-assisted thoracic surgery allowed a new approach of this pathology; the majority of diagnostic interventions and selected cases requiring lung resection can be performed through a mini-invasive approach. Patients proposed for aggressive surgery may be treated with the best results thanks to a good evaluation of the thoracic lesions, of the patients' nutritional, infectious and general status combined with a good coordination between the specialized medical team for an optimal preparation to surgery. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... support group for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ... group for me? Find a group Back Upcoming events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ...

  7. Video Games and Citizenship

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bourgonjon, Jeroen; Soetaert, Ronald

    2013-01-01

    ... by exploring a particular aspect of digitization that affects young people, namely video games. They explore the new social spaces which emerge in video game culture and how these spaces relate to community building and citizenship...

  8. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Doctor Find a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the ... Doctor Find a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles News Provider Directory Donate Resources Links Videos Podcasts ...

  9. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Doctor Find a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For ... Doctor Find a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Provider Directory Donate Resources Links Videos ...

  10. Digital Video in Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frølunde, Lisbeth

    2012-01-01

    questions of our media literacy pertaining to authoring multimodal texts (visual, verbal, audial, etc.) in research practice and the status of multimodal texts in academia. The implications of academic video extend to wider issues of how researchers harness opportunities to author different types of texts......Is video becoming “the new black” in academia, if so, what are the challenges? The integration of video in research methodology (for collection, analysis) is well-known, but the use of “academic video” for dissemination is relatively new (Eriksson and Sørensen). The focus of this paper is academic...... video, or short video essays produced for the explicit purpose of communicating research processes, topics, and research-based knowledge (see the journal of academic videos: www.audiovisualthinking.org). Video is increasingly used in popular showcases for video online, such as YouTube and Vimeo, as well...

  11. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Back Support Groups Is a support group for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo ... Support Groups Back Is a support group for me? Find a group Back Upcoming events Video Library ...

  12. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... group for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ANetwork ... for me? Find a group Back Upcoming events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support Back ...

  13. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For ... Family Caregivers Glossary Menu In this section Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For ...

  14. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For ... Family Caregivers Glossary Menu In this section Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For ...

  15. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media ... a Provider Meet the Team Blog Articles & Stories News Provider Directory Donate Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars ...

  16. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ANetwork Peer ... me? Find a group Back Upcoming events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support Back ANetwork ...

  17. Video Screen Capture Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunbar, Laura

    2014-01-01

    This article is an introduction to video screen capture. Basic information of two software programs, QuickTime for Mac and BlueBerry Flashback Express for PC, are also discussed. Practical applications for video screen capture are given.

  18. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... News Resources Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For Policymakers For Family Caregivers Glossary ... this section Links Videos Podcasts Webinars For the Media For Clinicians For Policymakers For Family Caregivers Glossary ...

  19. Transmission of compressed video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasch, H. L.

    1990-09-01

    An overview of video coding is presented. The aim is not to give a technical summary of possible coding techniques, but to address subjects related to video compression in general and to the transmission of compressed video in more detail. Bit rate reduction is in general possible by removing redundant information; removing information the eye does not use anyway; and reducing the quality of the video. The codecs which are used for reducing the bit rate, can be divided into two groups: Constant Bit rate Codecs (CBC's), which keep the bit rate constant, but vary the video quality; and Variable Bit rate Codecs (VBC's), which keep the video quality constant by varying the bit rate. VBC's can be in general reach a higher video quality than CBC's using less bandwidth, but need a transmission system that allows the bandwidth of a connection to fluctuate in time. The current and the next generation of the PSTN does not allow this; ATM might. There are several factors which influence the quality of video: the bit error rate of the transmission channel, slip rate, packet loss rate/packet insertion rate, end-to-end delay, phase shift between voice and video, and bit rate. Based on the bit rate of the coded video, the following classification of coded video can be made: High Definition Television (HDTV); Broadcast Quality Television (BQTV); video conferencing; and video telephony. The properties of these classes are given. The video conferencing and video telephony equipment available now and in the next few years can be divided into three categories: conforming to 1984 CCITT standard for video conferencing; conforming to 1988 CCITT standard; and conforming to no standard.

  20. Making good physics videos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincoln, James

    2017-05-01

    Online videos are an increasingly important way technology is contributing to the improvement of physics teaching. Students and teachers have begun to rely on online videos to provide them with content knowledge and instructional strategies. Online audiences are expecting greater production value, and departments are sometimes requesting educators to post video pre-labs or to flip our classrooms. In this article, I share my advice on creating engaging physics videos.

  1. Desktop video conferencing

    OpenAIRE

    Potter, Ray; Roberts, Deborah

    2007-01-01

    This guide aims to provide an introduction to Desktop Video Conferencing. You may be familiar with video conferencing, where participants typically book a designated conference room and communicate with another group in a similar room on another site via a large screen display. Desktop video conferencing (DVC), as the name suggests, allows users to video conference from the comfort of their own office, workplace or home via a desktop/laptop Personal Computer. DVC provides live audio and visua...

  2. 47 CFR 79.3 - Video description of video programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Video description of video programming. 79.3... CLOSED CAPTIONING AND VIDEO DESCRIPTION OF VIDEO PROGRAMMING § 79.3 Video description of video programming. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section the following definitions shall apply: (1...

  3. Overall Survival Following Thoracoscopic vs Open Lobectomy for Early-stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamaji, Masatsugu; Lee, Hyun-Sung; Kawaguchi, Atsushi; Burt, Bryan M

    2017-01-01

    A majority of observational studies on overall survival following thoracoscopic vs open lobectomy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer did not demonstrate a significant difference, whereas several meta-analyses on this topic showed a significant difference. The PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were queried for studies published in the English language. We searched for meta-analyses and original studies comparing overall survival between thoracoscopic and open lobectomy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Our meta-analysis, using random effect models and with a hazard ratio as a measure of effect, was performed on original studies. Publication bias was evaluated with funnel plots of precision and the Egger test. Seven meta-analyses on this topic were found and all of them have shown that thoracoscopic lobectomy is associated with significantly more favorable overall survival than open lobectomy, using odds ratio, risk ratio, or risk difference as measures of effect. Our meta-analysis of 11 observational studies demonstrated no significant difference in overall survival between thoracoscopic (n = 2386) and open lobectomy (n = 3494) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (pooled hazard ratio: 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.76-1.09, P = 0.30). Neither funnel plots of precision nor the Egger test suggested a publication bias. Our meta-analysis, using a hazard ratio as a measure of effect for a time-to-event outcome, did not demonstrate a significant difference in overall survival between thoracoscopic and open lobectomy with the current dataset available in the literature, as opposed to previous meta-analyses. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Video Self-Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buggey, Tom; Ogle, Lindsey

    2012-01-01

    Video self-modeling (VSM) first appeared on the psychology and education stage in the early 1970s. The practical applications of VSM were limited by lack of access to tools for editing video, which is necessary for almost all self-modeling videos. Thus, VSM remained in the research domain until the advent of camcorders and VCR/DVD players and,…

  5. Tracing Sequential Video Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Khalid, Md. Saifuddin

    2015-01-01

    With an interest in learning that is set in collaborative situations, the data session presents excerpts from video data produced by two of fifteen students from a class of 5th semester techno-anthropology course. Students used video cameras to capture the time they spent working with a scientist...... video, nature of the interactional space, and material and spatial semiotics....

  6. Developing a Promotional Video

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epley, Hannah K.

    2014-01-01

    There is a need for Extension professionals to show clientele the benefits of their program. This article shares how promotional videos are one way of reaching audiences online. An example is given on how a promotional video has been used and developed using iMovie software. Tips are offered for how professionals can create a promotional video and…

  7. The effects of video games on laparoscopic simulator skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalink, Maarten B; Goris, Jetse; Heineman, Erik; Pierie, Jean-Pierre E N; ten Cate Hoedemaker, Henk O

    2014-07-01

    Recently, there has been a growth in studies supporting the hypothesis that video games have positive effects on basic laparoscopic skills. This review discusses all studies directly related to these effects. A search in the PubMed and EMBASE databases was performed using synonymous terms for video games and laparoscopy. All available articles concerning video games and their effects on skills on any laparoscopic simulator (box trainer, virtual reality, and animal models) were selected. Video game experience has been related to higher baseline laparoscopic skills in different studies. There is currently, however, no standardized method to assess video game experience, making it difficult to compare these studies. Several controlled experiments have, nevertheless, shown that video games cannot only be used to improve laparoscopic basic skills in surgical novices, but are also used as a temporary warming-up before laparoscopic surgery. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. [Minimally Invasive Surgery in Pediatric Oncology. Tertiary center experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Chacón Villalba, J; Rodríguez Caraballo, L; Marco Macián, A; Segarra Llido, V; Vila Carbó, J J

    2015-07-20

    To describe our experience using Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) techniques in tertiary center with specific oncological pediatric surgery unit. Retrospective review of patients undergoing MIS techniques in pediatric oncology surgery unit between January 2011 and December 2014. MIS procedures were considered made by both techniques such as laparoscopy and thoracoscopy with both diagnostic and therapeutic intent. 4 procedures were diagnostic and the rest were therapeutic: During the study, 56 procedures were performed by MIS. By type of technique, 13 were thoracoscopic (7 metastasectomies, 6 thoracic masses) and 43 laparoscopic (3 hepatic masses, 3 pancreatic masses 7 abdominal masses, 2 ovarian masses, 2 typhlitis 1 splenic mass and 25 oophorectomy for ovarian cryopreservation). In 5 cases (2 thoracic masses 1 pancreatic mass abdominal masses) conversion to open surgery to complete the procedure (2 for caution in the absence of vascular control bleeding 1 and 2 for lack of space) was necessary. In all cases safety principles of oncological surgery were respected. Providing an adecuate selection of patiens, MIS techniques are safe, reproducible and fulfill the objectives of quality of cancer surgery.

  9. Thyroid Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... has had a previous neck operation (thyroid surgery, parathyroid surgery, spine surgery, carotid artery surgery, etc.) and/or who has had a suspected invasive thyroid cancer should have their vocal cord function evaluated routinely before surgery. This is necessary to ...

  10. Advanced video coding systems

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Wen

    2015-01-01

    This comprehensive and accessible text/reference presents an overview of the state of the art in video coding technology. Specifically, the book introduces the tools of the AVS2 standard, describing how AVS2 can help to achieve a significant improvement in coding efficiency for future video networks and applications by incorporating smarter coding tools such as scene video coding. Topics and features: introduces the basic concepts in video coding, and presents a short history of video coding technology and standards; reviews the coding framework, main coding tools, and syntax structure of AV

  11. Intelligent video surveillance systems

    CERN Document Server

    Dufour, Jean-Yves

    2012-01-01

    Belonging to the wider academic field of computer vision, video analytics has aroused a phenomenal surge of interest since the current millennium. Video analytics is intended to solve the problem of the incapability of exploiting video streams in real time for the purpose of detection or anticipation. It involves analyzing the videos using algorithms that detect and track objects of interest over time and that indicate the presence of events or suspect behavior involving these objects.The aims of this book are to highlight the operational attempts of video analytics, to identify possi

  12. VBR video traffic models

    CERN Document Server

    Tanwir, Savera

    2014-01-01

    There has been a phenomenal growth in video applications over the past few years. An accurate traffic model of Variable Bit Rate (VBR) video is necessary for performance evaluation of a network design and for generating synthetic traffic that can be used for benchmarking a network. A large number of models for VBR video traffic have been proposed in the literature for different types of video in the past 20 years. Here, the authors have classified and surveyed these models and have also evaluated the models for H.264 AVC and MVC encoded video and discussed their findings.

  13. Flip Video for Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Hutsko, Joe

    2010-01-01

    The full-color guide to shooting great video with the Flip Video camera. The inexpensive Flip Video camera is currently one of the hottest must-have gadgets. It's portable and connects easily to any computer to transfer video you shoot onto your PC or Mac. Although the Flip Video camera comes with a quick-start guide, it lacks a how-to manual, and this full-color book fills that void! Packed with full-color screen shots throughout, Flip Video For Dummies shows you how to shoot the best possible footage in a variety of situations. You'll learn how to transfer video to your computer and then edi

  14. Foot Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Heel Spur Surgery: Based on the condition and the nature of the disease, heel surgery can provide relief of pain ... Prior to surgery, the podiatrist will review your medical history and medical conditions. Specific diseases, illnesses, allergies, ...

  15. Foot Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Foot Health Awareness Month Diabetes Awareness When is Foot Surgery Necessary? Many foot problems do not respond ... restore the function of your foot. Types of Foot Surgery Bunion Surgery: There are many different types ...

  16. Robotic surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robot-assisted surgery; Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery; Laparoscopic surgery with robotic assistance ... computer station and directs the movements of a robot. Small surgical tools are attached to the robot's ...

  17. Effects of dexmedetomidine on oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing lung cancer surgery: A randomised double-blinded trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Su Hyun; Kim, Namo; Lee, Chang Yeong; Ban, Min Gi; Oh, Young Jun

    2016-04-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a risk factor that increases the incidence of postoperative cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality after lung resection. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2-adrenoreceptor agonist, has been reported previously to attenuate intrapulmonary shunt during one-lung ventilation (OLV) and to alleviate bronchoconstriction. The objective is to determine whether dexmedetomidine improves oxygenation and lung mechanics in patients with moderate COPD during lung cancer surgery. A randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study. Single university hospital. Fifty patients scheduled for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery who had moderate COPD. Patients were randomly allocated to a control group or a Dex group (n = 25 each). In the Dex group, dexmedetomidine was given as an initial loading dose of 1.0  μg  kg(-1) over 10  min followed by a maintenance dose of 0.5  μg  kg(-1)  h(-1) during OLV while the control group was administered a comparable volume of 0.9% saline. Data were measured at 30  min (DEX-30) and 60  min (DEX-60) after dexmedetomidine or saline administration during OLV. The primary outcome was the effect of dexmedetomidine on oxygenation. The secondary outcome was the effect of dexmedetomidine administration on postoperative pulmonary complications. Patients in the Dex group had a significantly higher PaO2/FIO2 ratio (27.9 ± 5.8 vs. 22.5 ± 8.4 and 28.6 ± 5.9 vs. 21.0 ± 9.9 kPa, P ventilation (19.2 ± 8.5 vs. 24.1 ± 8.1 and 19.6 ± 6.7 vs. 25.3 ± 7.8%, P lung mechanics in patients with moderate COPD undergoing lung cancer surgery. ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT 02185430.

  18. A new method in thoracoscopic inferior mediastinal lymph node biopsy: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanlı Maruf

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We performed video-thoracoscopy with a video-mediastinoscope to conduct a mediastinal lymph node biopsy. Here, we discuss the various advantages of the method. Case presentation A 56-year-old Turkish Caucasian man had been complaining of dyspnea on exertion, hacking cough, fever and continuous sweating for one and a half months. Thoracic computed tomography revealed enlarged paratracheal and aorticopulmonary lymph nodes, the largest of which was 1 cm in diameter and reticulo-micronodular interstitial infiltration extending symmetrically to the pleural surfaces in both pulmonary perihilar areas. Computed tomography supported positron emission tomography showed increased fluorodeoxyglucose retention in lymph nodes in both hilar areas (10R and 10L (maximum standardized uptake values 5.6 and 5.7, and in the right lower paratracheal (4R (maximum standardized uptake value 4.1 and right para-esophageal (8 (maximum standardized uptake value 8.9 lymph nodes. Pathological examination of the right lymph node number 8 biopsy using the video-mediastinoscope revealed the presence of granulomatous inflammation. No problems were observed during the postoperative period. Conclusion The use of the video-mediastinoscope for inferior lymph node biopsy in thoracoscopy is an easy, safe and practical method, especially in patients with pleural adhesions.

  19. Video electroencephalogram telemetry in temporal lobe epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayanti Mani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE is the most commonly encountered medically refractory epilepsy. It is also the substrate of refractory epilepsy that gives the most gratifying results in any epilepsy surgery program, with a minimum use of resources. Correlation of clinical behavior and the ictal patterns during ictal behavior is mandatory for success at epilepsy surgery. Video electroencephalogram (EEG telemetry achieves this goal and hence plays a pivotal role in pre-surgical assessment. The role of telemetry is continuously evolving with the advent of digital EEG technology, of high-resolution volumetric magnetic resonance imaging and other functional imaging techniques. Most of surgical selection in patients with TLE can be done with a scalp video EEG monitoring. However, the limitations of the scalp EEG technique demand invasive recordings in a selected group of TLE patients. This subset of the patients can be a challenge to the epileptologist.

  20. Educational video recording and editing for the hand surgeon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehim, Shady A; Chung, Kevin C

    2015-05-01

    Digital video recordings are increasingly used across various medical and surgical disciplines including hand surgery for documentation of patient care, resident education, scientific presentations, and publications. In recent years, the introduction of sophisticated computer hardware and software technology has simplified the process of digital video production and improved means of disseminating large digital data files. However, the creation of high-quality surgical video footage requires a basic understanding of key technical considerations, together with creativity and sound aesthetic judgment of the videographer. In this article we outline the practical steps involved in equipment preparation, video recording, editing, and archiving, as well as guidance for the choice of suitable hardware and software equipment. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Thoracoscopic Left Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation for a Patient with Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia and Recurrent Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Shocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woo-Sik Yu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A patient presented with loss of consciousness and conversion. During an exercise test, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT resulted in cardiac arrest. He started taking medication (a beta-blocker and flecainide and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD was inserted, but the ventricular tachycardia did not resolve. Left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD was then performed under general anesthesia, and the patient was discharged on the second postoperative day without complications. One month after the operation, no shock had been administered by the ICD, and an exercise stress test did not induce ventricular tachycardia. Although beta- blockers are the gold standard of therapy in patients with CPVT, thoracoscopic LCSD is safe and can be an effective alternative treatment option for patients with intractable CPVT.

  2. Rigid Bronchoscopic Placement of Fogarty Catheter as a Bronchial Blocker for One Lung Isolation and Ventilation in Infants and Children Undergoing Thoracic Surgery: A Single Institution Experience of 27 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamra, Sunil Kant; Jaiswal, Ashwin Ashok; Garg, Amrish Kumar; Mohanty, Manoj Kumar

    2017-06-01

    One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a challenging task in infants and children as few techniques are possible because of narrow anatomy. The aim of this study is to evaluate and experience lung isolation with Fogarty catheters as a bronchial blocker placed by rigid bronchoscope for OLV in infants and children with lung pathologies requiring surgical management in an industrial hospital. This study is a prospective study carried out in J.L.N. Hospital and Research Centre, Bhilai (CG), from January 2011 to December 2014. The study was designed to place Fogarty catheter for achieving OLV using rigid bronchoscope in children. The patient and anaesthesia characteristics, placement and positioning of Fogarty catheters, intraoperative course, complications and recovery of the patient were studied. The data were then compared with the relevant and available literature. Over the study period of 4 years, 27 cases were included, out of which 22 (81.48 %) cases had suppurative lung disease, three cases (11.11 %) had hydatid cyst of the lung, whereas one case (3.7 %) each of congenital lobar emphysema and congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung, respectively. In all cases general anaesthesia was provided using single lumen endotracheal tube and one lung ventilation achieved by parallel placement of Fogarty catheter as a bronchial blocker with rigid bronchoscope. The surgical management included thoracotomy with decortication in 21 cases, thoracotomy with excision of hydatid cyst in 3 cases, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, thoracotomy with left upper lobectomy and thoracotomy with left lower lobectomy in one case each, respectively. There were no major intraoperative and postoperative complications. There was no mortality in our study. We conclude that rigid bronchoscope can be safely and effectively used to place Fogarty catheter in main bronchus in infants and children for achieving OLV.

  3. Understanding Video Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heide Smith, Jonas; Tosca, Susana Pajares; Egenfeldt-Nielsen, Simon

    From Pong to PlayStation 3 and beyond, Understanding Video Games is the first general introduction to the exciting new field of video game studies. This textbook traces the history of video games, introduces the major theories used to analyze games such as ludology and narratology, reviews...... the economics of the game industry, examines the aesthetics of game design, surveys the broad range of game genres, explores player culture, and addresses the major debates surrounding the medium, from educational benefits to the effects of violence. Throughout the book, the authors ask readers to consider...... larger questions about the medium: * What defines a video game? * Who plays games? * Why do we play games? * How do games affect the player? Extensively illustrated, Understanding Video Games is an indispensable and comprehensive resource for those interested in the ways video games are reshaping...

  4. Collaborative Video Sketching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Birgitte; Gundersen, Peter Bukovica; Hautopp, Heidi

    2017-01-01

    This paper introduces to what we define as a collaborative video sketching process. This process links various sketching techniques with digital storytelling approaches and creative reflection processes in video productions. Traditionally, sketching has been used by designers across various...... forms and through empirical examples, we present and discuss the video recording of sketching sessions, as well as development of video sketches by rethinking, redoing and editing the recorded sessions. The empirical data is based on workshop sessions with researchers and students from universities...... and university colleges and primary and secondary school teachers. As researchers, we have had different roles in these action research case studies where various video sketching techniques were applied.The analysis illustrates that video sketching can take many forms, and two common features are important...

  5. Reflections on academic video

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thommy Eriksson

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available As academics we study, research and teach audiovisual media, yet rarely disseminate and mediate through it. Today, developments in production technologies have enabled academic researchers to create videos and mediate audiovisually. In academia it is taken for granted that everyone can write a text. Is it now time to assume that everyone can make a video essay? Using the online journal of academic videos Audiovisual Thinking and the videos published in it as a case study, this article seeks to reflect on the emergence and legacy of academic audiovisual dissemination. Anchoring academic video and audiovisual dissemination of knowledge in two critical traditions, documentary theory and semiotics, we will argue that academic video is in fact already present in a variety of academic disciplines, and that academic audiovisual essays are bringing trends and developments that have long been part of academic discourse to their logical conclusion.

  6. [Minimal-invasive surgery for lung cancer - strategies and limits].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiter, D; Weder, W

    2012-07-01

    Minimal invasive surgical procedures, also known as keyhole surgery, have gained in importance in the last years and have become the standard of care in experienced hands for most surgical procedures. Despite initial concerns with respect to the radicalness of the approach it is nowadays also established in oncologic surgery. Minimal invasive procedures aim at minimizing the operative trauma and associated inflammatory reactions to achieve faster convalescence after surgery. In addition to obvious cosmetic advantages minimal invasive surgery has been shown to be associated with fewer postoperative pain and shorter postoperative rehabilitation and faster reintegration into everyday as well as working life. With 15% of all cancer diagnoses and 29% of all cancer-associated causes of death, lung cancer is the most frequent malignancy in the general public and hence the treatment of lung cancer is a main focus of thoracic surgery. Within the scope of modern multimodal treatment concepts radical surgical resection of lung cancer is essential and the main pillar of curative treatment. In early stage lung cancer the current standard of care is a thoracoscopic lobectomy with mediastinal lymphadenectomy. The expertise of specialized centers allows for curative minimal-invasive treatment in a large number of patients, particularly of patients of advanced age or with limited pulmonary function.

  7. Application of robotics in congenital cardiac surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Jeremy W; Howe, Robert D; Dupont, Pierre E; Triedman, John K; Marx, Gerald R; del Nido, Pedro J

    2003-01-01

    Over the past 5 years, robotic systems that combine advanced endoscopic imaging with computer-enhanced instrument control have been used for both coronary revascularization and intracardiac procedures in adults. In addition, endoscope positioning systems and articulated instruments with a robotic wrist mechanism have further expanded the potential applications for robotics in cardiac surgery. In pediatric cardiac surgery, potential applications can be divided into simple scope manipulation versus the use of 3-dimensional imaging and a robotic wrist for dissection and reconstruction. A voice-controlled robotic arm for scope manipulation can facilitate current pediatric thoracoscopic procedures such as ligation of patent ductus arteriosus and division of vascular rings. By using an advanced imaging system along with a robotic wrist, more complex extracardiac and even intracardiac procedures can be performed in children. Examples include coarctation repair, septal defect repair, and mitral or tricuspid valvuloplasty. Furthermore, with adequate intracardiac imaging, a robot-assisted off-pump approach to intracardiac pathology is conceivable. New real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography now offers sufficient resolution to enable such procedures, while the addition of instrument tracking, haptic feedback, and novel tissue fixation devices can facilitate safe and reliable intracardiac repair without extracorporeal circulation. Copyright 2003 Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Pediatric spine imaging post scoliosis surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsharief, Alaa N; El-Hawary, Ron; Schmit, Pierre

    2018-01-01

    Many orthopedic articles describe advances in surgical techniques and implants used in pediatric scoliosis surgery. However, even though postoperative spine imaging constitutes a large portion of outpatient musculoskeletal pediatric radiology, few, if any, radiology articles discuss this topic. There has been interval advancement over the last decades of the orthopedic procedures used in the treatment of spinal scoliosis in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. The goal of treatment in these patients is to stop the progression of the curve by blocking the spinal growth and correcting the deformity as much as possible. To that end, the authors in this paper discuss postoperative imaging findings of Harrington rods, Luque rods, Luque-Galveston implants and segmental spinal fusion systems. Regarding early onset scoliosis, the guiding principles used for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis do not apply to a growing spine because they would impede lung development. As a result, other devices have been developed to correct the curve and to allow spinal growth. These include spine-based growing rods, vertically expandable prosthetic titanium rods (requiring repetitive surgeries) and magnetically controlled growing rods (with a magnetic locking/unlocking system). Other more recent systems are Shilla and thoracoscopic anterior vertebral body tethering, which allow guided growth of the spine without repetitive interventions. In this paper, we review the radiologic appearances of different orthopedic implants and techniques used to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and early onset scoliosis. Moreover, we present the imaging findings of the most frequent postoperative complications.

  9. Current practices in long-term video-EEG monitoring services : A survey among partners of the E-PILEPSY pilot network of reference for refractory epilepsy and epilepsy surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kobulashvili, Teia; Höfler, Julia; Dobesberger, Judith; Ernst, Florian; Ryvlin, Philippe; Cross, J. Helen; Braun, Kees|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/207237239; Dimova, Petia; Francione, Stefano; Hecimovic, Hrvoje; Helmstaedter, Christoph; Kimiskidis, Vasilios K.; Lossius, Morten Ingvar; Malmgren, Kristina; Marusic, Petr; Steinhoff, Bernhard J.; Boon, Paul; Craiu, Dana; Delanty, Norman; Fabo, Daniel; Gil-Nagel, Antonio; Guekht, Alla; Hirsch, Edouard; Kalviainen, Reetta; Mameniskiené, Ruta; Özkara, Çiǧdem; Seeck, Margitta; Rubboli, Guido; Krsek, Pavel; Rheims, Sylvain; Trinka, Eugen

    Purpose The European Union-funded E-PILEPSY network aims to improve awareness of, and accessibility to, epilepsy surgery across Europe. In this study we assessed current clinical practices in epilepsy monitoring units (EMUs) in the participating centers. Method A 60-item web-based survey was

  10. Sound for digital video

    CERN Document Server

    Holman, Tomlinson

    2013-01-01

    Achieve professional quality sound on a limited budget! Harness all new, Hollywood style audio techniques to bring your independent film and video productions to the next level.In Sound for Digital Video, Second Edition industry experts Tomlinson Holman and Arthur Baum give you the tools and knowledge to apply recent advances in audio capture, video recording, editing workflow, and mixing to your own film or video with stunning results. This fresh edition is chockfull of techniques, tricks, and workflow secrets that you can apply to your own projects from preproduction

  11. Green Power Partnership Videos

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Green Power Partnership develops videos on a regular basis that explore a variety of topics including, Green Power partnership, green power purchasing, Renewable energy certificates, among others.

  12. LAPARoseome SURGERY:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Laparoscopic Surgery has been rightly described as the "dawn of a new era" in surgery. It has come to stay and has altered permanently the practice and teaching of surgery as we used to know it. It is not about. "new gadgets" but a new way of practicing an old art surgery. ~ The surgical world has moved on and.

  13. Corrective Jaw Surgery

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... here to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, ... here to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, ...

  14. Dental Implant Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, and is ... to find out more. Dental Implant Surgery Dental Implant Surgery Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, and is ...

  15. [Endoscopic surgery for benign diseases and injuries of the esophagus (with commentary)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oskretkov, V I; Gur'yanov, A A; Gankov, V A; Klimova, G I; Andreasyan, A R; Balatsky, D V; Fedorov, V V; Maslikova, S A

    To analyze the results of surgical treatment of patients with benign diseases and injuries of the esophagus. We summarized the experience of different endoscopic interventions in 159 patients with various benign diseases and perforation of the esophagus. Patients with achalasia (72 cases) underwent videolaparoscopic Geller's esophagomyotomy with anterior hemiesophagofundoplication by Dor. Video-assisted thoracoscopic extirpation of the esophagus with simultaneous or delayed esophagocolo/gastroplasty was performed in 56 patients with post-ambustial cicatricial stenosis of the esophagus. Patients with esophageal perforation (14 cases) underwent videolaparoscopic transhiatal mediastinal drainage. Esophageal leiomyoma has been excised through thoracoscopic (9 cases) or laparoscopic access (4 cases). Removal of esophageal diverticulum was made via VATS-access in 4 patients. Satisfactory early and remote results were achieved in all patients with achalasia. Mortality rate was 5.4% (3 out of 56 patients) and 14.3% (2 out of 14 patients) in groups of cicatricial esophageal stenosis and esophageal perforation respectively. Sutures failure after removal of the diverticulum and leiomyoma occurred in 2 and 1 patient respectively and has been successfully cured. Endoscopic technologies allow to perform successfully complex reconstructive interventions for dysphagia in patients with cicatricial esophageal stenosis and achalasia even at late stages, to remove benign tumors and diverticula of thoracic esophagus and provide adequate drainage of posterior mediastinum in case of esophageal perforation.

  16. A comparison of the disconnection technique with continuous bronchial suction for lung deflation when using the Arndt endobronchial blocker during video-assisted thoracoscopy: A randomised trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Tahan, Mohamed R

    2015-06-01

    The use of the Arndt endobronchial blocker has not gained widespread acceptance during video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) because of its high cost and longer time to operative lung collapse especially in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The use of a ventilator disconnection technique has been shown to produce a comparable degree of lung collapse when used with either a double-lumen tube or an Arndt endobronchial blocker. We hypothesised that the use of bronchial suction through the suction port of the endobronchial blocker would be associated with a comparable time to achieve optimum lung collapse as the disconnection technique. A randomised, double-blind study. Single university hospital. Fifty-eight patients with spontaneous pneumothorax scheduled for elective VATS using the Arndt endobronchial blocker for one-lung ventilation (OLV). Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups (n = 29 per group) to deflate the operative lung with either disconnection of the endotracheal tube from the ventilator for 60 s prior to inflation of the endobronchial blocker or connection of a suction pressure of -30 cmH2O to the suction port of the endobronchial blocker through the barrel of a 1 ml syringe. The primary outcome was the time to total lung collapse. Secondary outcomes included surgeon rating of lung collapse, overall surgeon satisfaction, need for further fibreoptic bronchial suction manoeuvres and intraoperative hypoxaemia. The bronchial suction technique was associated with a significantly shorter time to total lung collapse than the disconnection method [93 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI 81.3 to 103.7) vs. 197 (95% CI 157.4 to 237) s respectively; P suction groups had a comparable surgical rating of excellent lung collapse 40 min after the start of OLV (65.5 vs. 79.3%, respectively; P = 0.24), overall surgeon satisfaction [median (interquartile range, IQR) 9 (8 to 10) vs. 9 (8 to 10) respectively; P = 0.90] and

  17. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ANetwork Peer Support Program Community Connections Overview ... group Back Upcoming events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support Back ANetwork Peer Support Program ...

  18. Reviews in instructional video

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meij, Hans

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates the effectiveness of a video tutorial for software training whose construction was based on a combination of insights from multimedia learning and Demonstration-Based Training. In the videos, a model of task performance was enhanced with instructional features that were

  19. Digital Video Editing

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Terry

    2004-01-01

    Monica Adams, head librarian at Robinson Secondary in Fairfax country, Virginia, states that librarians should have the technical knowledge to support projects related to digital video editing. The process of digital video editing and the cables, storage issues and the computer system with software is described.

  20. AudioMove Video

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Live drawing video experimenting with low tech techniques in the field of sketching and visual sense making. In collaboration with Rune Wehner and Teater Katapult.......Live drawing video experimenting with low tech techniques in the field of sketching and visual sense making. In collaboration with Rune Wehner and Teater Katapult....

  1. Making Good Physics Videos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincoln, James

    2017-01-01

    Online videos are an increasingly important way technology is contributing to the improvement of physics teaching. Students and teachers have begun to rely on online videos to provide them with content knowledge and instructional strategies. Online audiences are expecting greater production value, and departments are sometimes requesting educators…

  2. SECRETS OF SONG VIDEO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chernyshov Alexander V.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the origins of the song videos as TV and Internet-genre. In addition, it considers problems of screen images creation depending on the musical form and the text of a songs in connection with relevant principles of accent and phraseological video editing and filming techniques as well as with additional frames and sound elements.

  3. Acoustic Neuroma Educational Video

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... support group for me? Find a Group Upcoming Events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support ANetwork Peer ... group for me? Find a group Back Upcoming events Video Library Photo Gallery One-on-One Support Back ANetwork ...

  4. Personal Digital Video Stories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Henningsen, Birgitte Sølbeck; Louw, Arnt Vestergaard

    2016-01-01

    agenda focusing on video productions in combination with digital storytelling, followed by a presentation of the digital storytelling features. The paper concludes with a suggestion to initiate research in what is identified as Personal Digital Video (PDV) Stories within longitudinal settings, while...

  5. The Video Generation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr.

    1992-01-01

    Video games are neither neutral nor harmless but represent very specific social and symbolic constructs. Research on the social content of today's video games reveals that sex bias and gender stereotyping are widely evident throughout the Nintendo games. Violence and aggression also pervade the great majority of the games. (MLF)

  6. The Use of Smart Glasses for Surgical Video Streaming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiranaka, Takafumi; Nakanishi, Yuta; Fujishiro, Takaaki; Hida, Yuichi; Tsubosaka, Masanori; Shibata, Yosaku; Okimura, Kenjiro; Uemoto, Harunobu

    2017-04-01

    Observation of surgical procedures performed by experts is extremely important for acquisition and improvement of surgical skills. Smart glasses are small computers, which comprise a head-mounted monitor and video camera, and can be connected to the internet. They can be used for remote observation of surgeries by video streaming. Although Google Glass is the most commonly used smart glasses for medical purposes, it is still unavailable commercially and has some limitations. This article reports the use of a different type of smart glasses, InfoLinker, for surgical video streaming. InfoLinker has been commercially available in Japan for industrial purposes for more than 2 years. It is connected to a video server via wireless internet directly, and streaming video can be seen anywhere an internet connection is available. We have attempted live video streaming of knee arthroplasty operations that were viewed at several different locations, including foreign countries, on a common web browser. Although the quality of video images depended on the resolution and dynamic range of the video camera, speed of internet connection, and the wearer's attention to minimize image shaking, video streaming could be easily performed throughout the procedure. The wearer could confirm the quality of the video as the video was being shot by the head-mounted display. The time and cost for observation of surgical procedures can be reduced by InfoLinker, and further improvement of hardware as well as the wearer's video shooting technique is expected. We believe that this can be used in other medical settings.

  7. Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Patient Webcasts / Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series This series of five videos ... member of our patient care team. Managing Your Arthritis Managing Your Arthritis Managing Chronic Pain and Depression ...

  8. Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Corner / Patient Webcasts / Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series This series of five videos was designed to help you learn more about Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). You will learn how the diagnosis of ...

  9. Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Corner / Patient Webcasts / Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series Rheumatoid Arthritis Educational Video Series This series of five videos was designed to help you learn more about Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). You will learn how the diagnosis of ...

  10. NEI You Tube Videos: Amblyopia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... questions Clinical Studies Publications Catalog Photos and Images Spanish Language Information Grants and Funding Extramural Research Division ... Low Vision Refractive Errors Retinopathy of Prematurity Science Spanish Videos Webinars NEI YouTube Videos: Amblyopia Embedded video ...

  11. Social video content delivery

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zhi; Zhu, Wenwu

    2016-01-01

    This brief presents new architecture and strategies for distribution of social video content. A primary framework for socially-aware video delivery and a thorough overview of the possible approaches is provided. The book identifies the unique characteristics of socially-aware video access and social content propagation, revealing the design and integration of individual modules that are aimed at enhancing user experience in the social network context. The change in video content generation, propagation, and consumption for online social networks, has significantly challenged the traditional video delivery paradigm. Given the massive amount of user-generated content shared in online social networks, users are now engaged as active participants in the social ecosystem rather than as passive receivers of media content. This revolution is being driven further by the deep penetration of 3G/4G wireless networks and smart mobile devices that are seamlessly integrated with online social networking and media-sharing s...

  12. Results of left thoracoscopic Collis gastroplasty with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for the surgical treatment of true short oesophagus in gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and Type III-IV hiatal hernia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lugaresi, Marialuisa; Mattioli, Benedetta; Perrone, Ottorino; Daddi, Niccolò; Di Simone, Massimo Pierluigi; Mattioli, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    Controversy exists regarding surgery for true short oesophagus (TSOE). We compared the results of thoracoscopic Collis gastroplasty-laparoscopic Nissen procedure for the treatment of TSOE with the results of standard laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Between 1995 and 2013, the Collis-Nissen procedure was performed in 65 patients who underwent minimally invasive surgery when the length of the abdominal oesophagus, measured intraoperatively after maximal oesophageal mediastinal mobilization, was ≤1.5 cm. The results of the Collis-Nissen procedure were frequency-matched according to age, sex and period of surgical treatment with those of 65 standard Nissen fundoplication procedures in patients with a length of the abdominal oesophagus >1.5 cm. Postoperative mortality and morbidity were evaluated according to the Accordion classification. The patients underwent a timed clinical-instrumental follow-up that included symptoms assessment, barium swallow and endoscopy. Symptoms, oesophagitis and global results were graded according to semi-quantitative scales. The results were considered to be excellent in the absence of symptoms and oesophagitis, good if symptoms occurred two to four times a month in the absence of oesophagitis, fair if symptoms occurred two to four times a week in the presence of hyperaemia, oedema and/or microscopic oesophagitis and poor if symptoms occurred on a daily basis in the presence of any grade of endoscopic oesophagitis, hiatal hernia of any size or type, or the need for antireflux medical therapy. The follow-up time was calculated from the time of surgery to the last complete follow-up. The postoperative mortality rate was 1.5% for the Collis-Nissen and 0 for the Nissen procedure. The postoperative complication rate was 24% for the Collis-Nissen and 7% for Nissen (P = 0.001) procedure. The complication rate for the Collis-Nissen procedure was 43% in the first 32 cases and 6% in the last 33 cases (P < 0.0001). The median follow-up period

  13. Reliable and valid assessment of performance in thoracoscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Lehnert, Per; Hansen, Henrik Jessen

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As we move toward competency-based education in medicine, we have lagged in developing competency-based evaluation methods. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, there is a need for a reliable and valid tool dedicated to measure competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. ...

  14. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... NICHD in the News Join NICHD Listservs Video: Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida Skip ... the NICHD, describes the study’s findings. Read the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) Interview text alternative . The ...

  15. Surgery on Fetus Reduces Complications of Spina Bifida

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