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Sample records for vidas anti-toxoplasma igg

  1. Anticuerpos IgG anti-toxoplasma gondii en pacientes con síntomas atribuíbles a toxoplasmosis

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    Jorge E. Collazo

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluaron 6.520 pacientes con síntomas atribuíbles a toxoplasmosis por la presencia de anticuerpos IgG anti - Toxoplasma gondii mediante la técnica de inmunofluorescencia indirecta. El 51,27% de los evaluados resultaron positivos.El 60,85% de los pacientes con trastornos oculares son seropositivos a IgG anti - T. gondii; seguidos del 56,25 y 48,10% para aquellos con trastornos generales y gineco-obstétricos. Los síntomas o manifestaciones que evidenciaron mayor porcentaje de positividad fueron: astenia, coriorretinitis, trastornos menstruales, cefaleas y uveítis.

  2. Prevalence of IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in patients with HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS

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    María de la Luz Galván Ramírez

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available With the emergence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, Toxoplasma gondii has arisen as an important opportunist pathogenic agent, especcially in the central nervous system, being the most common cause of intracerebral lesions. The incidence of Toxoplasma gondii in HIV-infected patients depends principally on the existence of latent Toxoplasma parasitosis in the population affected. Through the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were found in 92 patients of which 46 (50.0% were IgG seropositive, and only one case (1.0% had IgM antibodies.Of the 92 patients: 53 were HIV seropositives and 39 had AIDS. The detection and monitoring of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in HIV patients is essential, since in this group there is a high percentage risk of developing cerebral toxoplasmosis, which is the second cause of death in this type of patients.Com a aparição do vírus de inmunodeficiência humana (VIH, a prevalência de toxoplasmosis tem aumentado demais. Em dos pacientes com o síndrome de inmunodeficiência, a toxoplasmosis é a principal causa de morte. A incidência, de anticorpos nesse tipo de pacientes depende da prevalência da população onde se apresenta a doença. O método de Enzima Inmuno Ensaio absorvemnte (ELISA foi aplicado a 92 pacientes para determinar si eram positivos a anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma IgG e IgM. O resultado foi: 46 (50.5% foram seropositivos e un caso apresentou anticorpos IgM. D estos 92 pacientes, 53 apresentavam o virus de inmunodeficiência humana (HIV y 39 tinham SIDA. A determinação e o "monitoreo" de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma em pacientes com HIV é indispensável, pois uma taxa elevada destos pacientes pode desenvolver a toxoplasmosis cerebral, a causa principal de morte nessos pacientes.

  3. Toxoplasmose e gestação: resultados perinatais e associação do teste de avidez de IgG com infecção congênita em gestantes com IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii reagente = Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy: perinatal results and association of the IgG avidity test with congenital infection in pregnant women with positive anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM

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    Souza-Júnior, Virgílio Gonçalves de

    2010-01-01

    Conclusions: neste estudo a taxa de infecção congênita em gestantes com diagnóstico de toxoplasmose aguda foi de 4%. Nas gestantes com IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii positiva, o resultado do teste de avidez de IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii associou-se à presença ou ausência de infecção congênita, com elevado valor preditivo negativo (ausência de infecção fetal/neonatal quando a avidez era alta

  4. Bicentric evaluation of six anti-toxoplasma immunoglobulin G (IgG) automated immunoassays and comparison to the Toxo II IgG Western blot.

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    Maudry, Arnaud; Chene, Gautier; Chatelain, Rémi; Patural, Hugues; Bellete, Bahrie; Tisseur, Bernard; Hafid, Jamal; Raberin, Hélène; Beretta, Sophie; Sung, Roger Tran Manh; Belot, Georges; Flori, Pierre

    2009-09-01

    A comparative study of the Toxoplasma IgG(I) and IgG(II) Access (Access I and II, respectively; Beckman Coulter Inc.), AxSYM Toxo IgG (AxSYM; Abbott Diagnostics), Vidas Toxo IgG (Vidas; bioMerieux, Marcy l'Etoile, France), Immulite Toxo IgG (Immulite; Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc.), and Modular Toxo IgG (Modular; Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland) tests was done with 406 consecutive serum samples. The Toxo II IgG Western blot (LDBio, Lyon, France) was used as a reference technique in the case of intertechnique discordance. Of the 406 serum samples tested, the results for 35 were discordant by the different techniques. Using the 175 serum samples with positive results, we evaluated the standardization of the titrations obtained (in IU/ml); the medians (second quartiles) obtained were 9.1 IU/ml for the AxSYM test, 21 IU/ml for the Access I test, 25.7 IU/ml for the Access II test, 32 IU/ml for the Vidas test, 34.6 IU/ml for the Immulite test, and 248 IU/ml for the Modular test. For all the immunoassays tested, the following relative sensitivity and specificity values were found: 89.7 to 100% for the Access II test, 89.7 to 99.6% for the Immulite test, 90.2 to 99.6% for the AxSYM test, 91.4 to 99.6% for the Vidas test, 94.8 to 99.6% for the Access I test, and 98.3 to 98.7% for the Modular test. Among the 406 serum samples, we did not find any false-positive values by two different tests for the same serum sample. Except for the Modular test, which prioritized sensitivity, it appears that the positive cutoff values suggested by the pharmaceutical companies are very high (either for economical or for safety reasons). This led to imperfect sensitivity, a large number of unnecessary serological follow-ups of pregnant women, and difficulty in determining the serological status of immunosuppressed individuals.

  5. Estandarización de una prueba de inmunofluorescencia indirecta para IgG anti-Toxoplasma en ratón

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    Miriam Consuelo López

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Se describe una técnica de inmunofluorescencia indirecta (IFI para la detección de IgG anti-Toxoplasma en ratón. La técnica reveló infecciones en el ratón a partir de inoculaciones de 10 taquizoitos de Toxoplasma gondii. En muestras de pacientes, se detectó infección en un líquido amniótico de una paciente con toxoplasmosis adquirida en el embarazo y en un líquido cefalorraquídeo de una paciente con toxoplasmosis cerebral. La técnica de inoculación en ratón y su detección por IFI es un complemento para el diagnóstico en el líquido amniótico o en el inmunosuprimido y es una herramienta valiosa para el aislamiento y caracterización de cepas de Toxoplasma.

  6. Anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in Egyptian rheumatoid arthritis patients.

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    El-Henawy, Abeer A; Hafez, Eman Abdel Razek; Nabih, Nairmen; Shalaby, Naglaa M; Mashaly, Mervat

    2017-05-01

    To assess seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies; both IgG and IgM in Egyptian rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients versus a non-RA group and to compare anti-Toxoplasma antibodies seroprevalence among RA patients receiving traditional treatment and RA patients treated with biologic drug. 60 RA patients and 60 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Patients were categorized into two groups: one group included 30 patients receiving disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), while the other group included 30 patients receiving biologic agent, infliximab, a TNF-α antagonist. Serum samples of all investigated persons were examined for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies. RA activity markers including rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated protein antibodies, C reactive protein, ESR in addition to disease activity score 28 (DAS28) of RA patients were also evaluated to explore their association with Toxoplasma seropositivity. Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were detected among 46/60 RA patients (76.7%) versus 29/60 controls (48.3%), (p = 0.001). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG titre was higher among RA group [median, (range) = 232.940 (8.949-653.242) IU/ml] than among controls [median, (range) = 68.820 (2.450-318.945) IU/ml], (p Toxoplasma IgG antibodies. No positive anti-Toxoplasma IgM was detected. A positive correlation was detected between anti-Toxoplasma IgG titre and disease activity markers. Higher seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies among RA patients compared to controls reflects an association between latent Toxoplasma infection and RA. Our findings support previous studies and necessitate future large-scale studies to elucidate the exact role of Toxoplasma whether a trigger of autoimmunity in RA or an effect of immunosuppression.

  7. Occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in goats and sheep in western Maranhão, Brazil Ocorrência de anticorpos IgG anti-Neospora caninum e anti-Toxoplasma gondii em caprinos e ovinos do oeste do Maranhão, Brasil

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    Larissa Martins de Brito Moraes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Neosporosis and toxoplasmosis are parasitic diseases which can cause reproductive problems in goats and sheep. The current study aimed to determine the occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in goats and sheep from the districts of Amarante do Maranhão and Buritirana, Imperatriz microregion, western area of Maranhão State, northeastern Brazil, and to assess factors associated to infection by these etiologic agents. Blood samples from 110 animals (46 goats and 64 sheep from five herds were collected, and indirect immunofluorescence assay was used for serological testing. Of 46 goat samples, 17.39% (n = 8 showed anti-N. caninum antibodies and 4.35% (n = 2 anti-T. gondii, while of 64 sheep samples 4.69% (n = 3 and 18.75% (n = 12 showed anti-N. caninum and anti-T. gondii antibodies, respectively. No significant difference regarding the presence of domestic cats and/or dogs on the property and veterinary care was seen for both etiologic agents studied. However, food supplementation and animal reproductive failure were significantly (p A neosporose e a toxoplasmose são doenças parasitárias que podem causar problemas reprodutivos em caprinos e ovinos. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a ocorrência de anticorpos IgG anti-Neospora caninum e anti-Toxoplasma gondii em caprinos e ovinos dos municípios de Amarante do Maranhão e Buritirana, microrregião de Imperatriz, Oeste maranhense, Nordeste do Brasil, bem como avaliar fatores associados à infecção por esses agentes etiológicos. Amostras de sangue de 110 animais (46 caprinos e 64 ovinos, provenientes de cinco propriedades, foram coletadas, e a reação de imunofluorescência indireta utilizada para o diagnóstico sorológico. Das 46 amostras de caprinos, 17,39% (n = 8 apresentaram anticorpos anti-N. caninum e 4,35% (n = 2 anti-T. gondii, enquanto das 64 amostras de ovinos, 4,69% (n = 3 e 18,75% (n = 12 apresentaram anticorpos anti-N. caninum e anti

  8. Importance of high IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii titers and PCR detection of T. gondii DNA in peripheral blood samples for the diagnosis of AIDS-related cerebral toxoplasmosis: a case-control study

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    José E Vidal

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cerebral toxoplasmosis (CT continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-infected patients in Brazil. In clinical practice, the initial diagnosis is usually presumptive and alternative diagnosis tools are necessary. Our objective was to evaluate whether the detection of high titers of IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii and T. gondii DNA in blood samples are associated with the diagnosis of CT. METHODS: In this case-control study we included 192 patients with HIV-1 infection: 64 patients with presumptive CT (cases and 128 patients with other diseases (controls. Blood samples to perform indirect immunofluorescense reaction (IFI to detect anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR were collected before or within the first three days of anti-Toxoplasma therapy. Two multivariate logistic regression models were performed: one including the variable qualitative serology and another including quantitative serology. RESULTS: In the first model, positive IgG anti-T. gondii (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.2-18.3; p = 0.027 and a positive T. gondii PCR result (OR 132, 95% CI 35-505; p 1:1024 (OR 7.6, 95% CI 2.3-25.1; p = 0.001 and a positive T. gondii PCR result (OR 147, 95% CI 35-613; p < 0.001 were associated with the diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative serology and molecular diagnosis in peripheral blood samples were independently associated with the diagnosis of CT in HIV-infected patients. These diagnostic tools can contribute to a timely diagnosis of CT in settings where Toxoplasma infection is common in the general population.

  9. Fatores associados com a soroprevalência de anticorpos IgG e IgM anti-toxoplasma em pessoas com HIV/AIDS atendidas em um serviço de assistência especializadaFactors associated with soroprevalence of antibodies IgG and IgM anti-toxoplasma in HIV/AIDS patients assisted in an expert assistance servicedoi:10.12662/2317-3076jhbs.v4i3.733.p145-151.2016

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    Joice Silva Alves

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: A AIDS é um dos principais problemas mundiais em nível de Saúde Pública. O indivíduo infectado pelo HIV torna-se mais suscetível a diversas infecções oportunistas, como a toxoplasmose e suas complicações potenciais, como a neurotoxoplasmose e a retinocoroidite. O entendimento do perfil sorológico Anti-toxoplasma e das características clínicas e laboratoriais de pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS é essencial para a elaboração de melhores alternativas de prevenção e de tratamento. Métodos: Foram analisados os dados de 547 pessoas com HIV/AIDS atendidas no Serviço de Assistência Especializada do município de Divinópolis–MG, de março de 2012 a janeiro de 2014. Por meio de modelos de regressão logística, foram pesquisados diferentes fatores associados com o perfil sorológico Anti-toxoplasma IgG e IgM dos participantes. Analisou-se, ainda, se as contagens de células T-CD4+ e se os valores de carga viral (CV diferiram de acordo com o resultado das sorologias. Resultados: As soroprevalências encontradas foram de 69% para IgG e de 6% para IgM. Observou-se que indivíduos solteiros e que não trabalhavam tiveram uma maior soropositividade para IgM. O não uso de TARV e uma menor escolaridade, por sua vez, foram associados com maiores prevalências de reatividade para IgG. Observou-se uma maior contagem de células T-CD4+ em indivíduos IgM positivos. Conclusão: O presente estudo identificou uma prevalência elevada de sorologias reagentes para a toxoplasmose em indivíduos com HIV/AIDS e apresentou variáveis a serem consideradas como prioritárias em ações de promoção e de prevenção.

  10. Prevalence of IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies in Blood Donors at Urmia Blood Transfusion Organization, Iran.

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    Tappeh, Khosrow Hazrati; Musavi, Jalil; Safa, Mohammad Baradaran; Galavani, Hosein; Alizadeh, Hamid

    2017-03-01

    The importance of toxoplasmosis lies in its global spread, opportunistic nature, and causative role in abortion or irreparable adverse effects on infants of infected pregnant women. Toxoplasma gondii has different transmission routes to humans, including blood transfusion. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies specific for T. gondii in blood donors at the Urmia Blood Transfusion Organization in west Azerbaijan, Iran. The present analytical, descriptive study evaluated the plasma of 270 randomly selected blood bags donated in 2013. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test was employed to measure anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM antibodies. The results of the ELISA test showed that 102 samples (37.8%) from 270 blood bags had IgG antibodies in their plasma and none of them were IgM-positive, whereas 98 were men and four were women. Any increase in the level of IgM antibodies indicates the presence of an acute disease because the parasite is inside white blood cells and contaminates blood transfusion. Fortunately, all samples were IgM-negative. However, a province-wide seroepidemiological study is required for the Blood Transfusion Organization to consider including screening for anti-T. gondii antibodies in its screening programs.

  11. The standardization of 5 immunoassays for anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulin G(IgG).

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    Zhang, Kuo; Lin, Guigao; Han, Yanxi; Li, Jinming

    2017-09-01

    Quantitative immunoassays to detect IgG antibodies are the most commonly used tests for diagnosing toxoplasmosis. We investigated the current state of standardization of quantitative immunoassays used to measure anti-Toxoplasma IgG levels. Four fully automated immunoassays (Architect i4000ISR, Immulite 2000 Xpi, Siemens; Liaison, DiaSorin; Cobas e601, Roche) and one manual immunoassay (ELISA classic Toxo IgG, Virion Serion) were performed on the following: individual patient serum samples, the WHO international standards, control samples, and calibrators provided by 5 immunoassay manufacturers. Statistical analysis was used to illustrate the results. No perfect correlation (slope=1.0) was found between any 2 assays. Large differences in anti-Toxoplasma IgG titers were observed among the 5 immunoassays using serum samples from individual patients. Using IS 01/600 as a calibrator minimized the inter-assay variability of anti-Toxoplasma IgG values CONCLUSIONS: There is still significant effort needed towards standardization of anti-Toxoplasma IgG quantitative immunoassays. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Association between seroprevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii and risk factors for infection among pregnant women in Climério de Oliveira Maternity, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

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    Maria Virginia Avelar

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Maternal Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii infection can lead to spontaneous abortion, fetal malformation, and numerous sequelae in the newborn, including visual and hearing impairment. T. gondii serology was determined in pregnant women and their newborns who were referred to Climério de Oliveira Maternity, Federal University of Bahia, and the possible associations with the risk factors for maternal infection were investigated. This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2014 and included 712 pregnant women, aged 15 to 49 years, and 235 newborns. Seroprevalence was determined by the detection of T. gondii-specific immunoglobulin (Ig M (IgM and IgG antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassay. In addition, mothers completed a questionnaire that focused on socioeconomic aspects, and survey data were tabulated using the SPSS statistical software program (version 21.0 for Windows. The seroprevalence rate for specific IgG antibodies was 51% (362 among mothers and 93% (219 among neonates. All the mothers and their newborns were negative for specific-IgM antibodies. Higher age group and lower maternal education were the only risk factors statistically associated with the presence of specific IgG. In summary, high levels of specific IgG antibodies were observed in pregnant women. The knowledge of risk factors for toxoplasmosis can help in the orientation of newly pregnant women.

  13. Association between seroprevalence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii and risk factors for infection among pregnant women in Climério de Oliveira Maternity, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

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    Avelar, Maria Virginia; Martinez, Victor Otero; Moura, Daniel Lima de; Barros, Indira Alves; Primo, Anderson Alves da Silva; Duarte, Alan Oliveira; Soares, Neci Matos; Lima, Fernanda Washington de Mendonça

    2017-12-21

    Maternal Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection can lead to spontaneous abortion, fetal malformation, and numerous sequelae in the newborn, including visual and hearing impairment. T. gondii serology was determined in pregnant women and their newborns who were referred to Climério de Oliveira Maternity, Federal University of Bahia, and the possible associations with the risk factors for maternal infection were investigated. This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2014 and included 712 pregnant women, aged 15 to 49 years, and 235 newborns. Seroprevalence was determined by the detection of T. gondii-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M (IgM) and IgG antibodies using enzyme-linked immunoassay. In addition, mothers completed a questionnaire that focused on socioeconomic aspects, and survey data were tabulated using the SPSS statistical software program (version 21.0 for Windows). The seroprevalence rate for specific IgG antibodies was 51% (362) among mothers and 93% (219) among neonates. All the mothers and their newborns were negative for specific-IgM antibodies. Higher age group and lower maternal education were the only risk factors statistically associated with the presence of specific IgG. In summary, high levels of specific IgG antibodies were observed in pregnant women. The knowledge of risk factors for toxoplasmosis can help in the orientation of newly pregnant women.

  14. Presence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in humans and their cats in the urban zone of Guadalajara

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    Galván Ramírez María de la Luz

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Cats are the definitive hosts of Toxoplasma gondii. Infected cats excrete oocysts in their feces, infecting humans and other animals. The objective of the present study was to determine the presence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in cat owners and their pets, and determine if there was a relationship between Toxoplasma infection and humans who live with infected cats. IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in sera of 59 cat owners were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, in 24 sera from their cats, IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies were found using Burney's ELISA. Thirty-eight (64% of 59 cat owners were positive to IgG anti-Toxoplasma. Seropositivity for cats was 70.8% IgG, 8.3% IgM, and 62.5% IgA. Cohabitation with cats infected by T. gondii, feeding with leftovers or raw viscera, and lack of control over how their feces were handled are risk factors conducive for humans to become infected by T. gondii.

  15. Comparison of the Vidas System and Two Recent Fully Automated Assays for Diagnosis and Follow-Up of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women and Newborns

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    Dard, Céline; Fricker Hidalgo, Hélène; Dardé, Marie-Laure; Brenier-Pinchart, Marie-Pierre; Pelloux, Hervé

    2013-01-01

    Serological testing to detect toxoplasmosis is of major importance to avoid the possible effects of the disease in newborns. This study assessed anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM with the Vidas (bioMérieux), Architect (Abbott), and Liaison (DiaSorin) systems in 631 sera from pregnant women and newborns as well as anti-Toxoplasma IgG avidity with these three systems on 54 sera from pregnant women with positive IgG and IgM. The IgG and IgM results were in agreement in, respectively, 95.2% and 98.3% (Vidas versus Architect) and 96.9% and 95.3% (Vidas versus Liaison) of the samples. Specificities were excellent for all the assays, while Vidas sensitivities ranged (depending on the classification of gray zone results) from 93.8 to 98.4% for IgG (Architect, 84.4 to 93.8%; Liaison, 93.8%) and from 81.8 to 90.9% for IgM (Architect, 63.6%; Liaison, 81.8 to 90.9%). In seroconversion sequences, IgMs were generally detected simultaneously by the three assays, while Architect was the earliest assay to detect IgG. In noninfected children, maternally transmitted IgGs were detected for a longer time with Architect than with the other systems. IgMs were positive in only one infected child with the Vidas and Liaison systems. Significantly more sera were classified in the high-avidity category with Vidas than with Architect. This evaluation shows similar performances for Vidas and more recent systems. The Vidas system adequately detects toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and newborns. This system fits the needs of laboratories working on small routine series for first-line testing as well as expert laboratories, due to a high specificity and a powerful avidity test. PMID:23740928

  16. Anti-Toxoplasma Activity of Estragole and Thymol in Murine Models of Congenital and Noncongenital Toxoplasmosis.

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    Oliveira, Claudio B S; Meurer, Ywlliane S R; Medeiros, Thales L; Pohlit, Adrian M; Silva, Murilo V; Mineo, Tiago W P; Andrade-Neto, Valter F

    2016-06-01

    Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii , an obligatory intracellular protozoan. Normally benign, T. gondii infections can cause devastating disease in immunosuppressed patients and through congenital infection of newborn babies. Few prophylactic and therapeutic drugs are available to treat these infections. The goal of the present study was to assess the anti-Toxoplasma effects in a congenital and noncongenital model of toxoplasmosis (using ME49 strain), besides assessing immunological changes, in vitro cytotoxicity, and in vivo acute toxicity of commercial estragole and thymol. The congenital experimental model was used with intermediate stages of maternal infection. The serum levels of immunoglobulin (Ig)M, IgG, interleukin (IL)-10, IL-12, and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) were quantified from infected and treated C57Bl/6 mice. Estragole and thymol respectively exhibited low to moderate in vivo toxicity and cytotoxicity. Animals treated with estragole showed high IFN-γ and strong type 1 helper T cell response. Both compounds were active against T. gondii ME49 strain. Furthermore, orally administered estragole in infected pregnant mice improved the weight of offspring compared with untreated controls. Subcutaneous administration of both compounds also increased the weight of mouse offspring born to infected mothers, compared with untreated controls. Estragole and thymol display important anti-Toxoplasma activity. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of action of these compounds.

  17. Anti- toxoplasma gondii activity of constituents from Balsamocitrus ...

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    Isolation, characterization and anti-Toxoplasma gondii activity of constituents from the CH2Cl2/MeOH (1/1) extract of the roots of the cameroonian plant Balsamocitrus camerunensis L. were investigated in this study. Four known coumarins derivatives were isolated, namely, marmin (1), imperatorin (2), xanthoxyletin (3), ...

  18. Toxoplasmose em gestantes de Araraquara/SP: análise da utilização do teste de avidez de IgG anti-Toxoplasma na rotina do pré-natal = Toxoplasmosis in pregnant women from Araraquara/SP: analysis of Toxoplasma-specific IgG avidity test utilization in the prenatal care routine

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    Isabel, Thais F.

    2007-01-01

    Conclusões: O tratamento antiparasitário foi prescrito para algumas gestantes mesmo na presença de uma taxa de avidez de IgG anti-T. gondii alta no primeiro trimestre da gestação, mostrando que o teste de avidez não foi corretamente interpretado e utilizado na prática clínica

  19. Incidence of anti-toxoplasma antibodies in women with high-risk pregnancy and habitual abortions

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    Maria de la Luz Galvan Ramirez

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite. In pregnant women on the worldwide scale, there are seroprevalences from 7% to 51.3% and in women with abnormal pregnancies and abortions the seroprevalences vary from 17.5% to 52.3%. In Mexico, seropositivity has been found to vary from 18.2% to 44.8% in women with abnormal deliveries or abortions. This study's aim was to determine the incidence oflgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in women at the Gineco-Obstetrics Hospital of the Western Medical Center of the Mexican Social Security Institute. Three hundred and fifty women with high-risk pregnancies were studied, and 122 (34.9% were found to be IgG seropositive and 76 (20.7% were IgM positive. In one group of women with habitual abortions there were 48 (44.9% with the preseiwe of IgG antibodies and 33 (33-3% were IgM seropositive. Seropositivity was analyzed according to age, occupation, socio-economic level, eating raw or poorly cooked meat, and living with cats.

  20. Factors associated with seropositivity for anti-Toxoplasma gondiiantibodies in pregnant women of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil

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    FMR Lopes

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate associations between seropositivity for IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and socio-economic and environmental variables in pregnant women of Londrina, state of Paraná, Brazil. We interviewed 492 pregnant women, each of whom answered an epidemiological questionnaire, and collected blood samples for measurement of IgG and IgM anti-T. gondii antibodies by chemiluminescence. A confirmatory diagnosis of acute infection was made by an IgG avidity test. Titres of specific IgG anti-T. gondii were obtained by IFAT. Seropositivity for IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies was observed in 242 women (49.2% and, of these, six pregnant women (1.2% showed seropositivity for IgM. Age group, level of education, per capita income, presence of a cat in the house and a habit of eating green vegetables were all factors associated with a greater chance of infection with T. gondii. This study showed that 250 (50.8% pregnant women were susceptible to T. gondii and considered to be at high risk for toxoplasmosis during pregnancy. Based on the results obtained, is critical to establish a program of health surveillance for toxoplasmosis, in order to contribute to diagnosis and early treatment during the prenatal period. It is also necessary to introduce measures to prevent the Toxoplasma infection in seronegative pregnant women.

  1. Review of Experimental Compounds Demonstrating Anti-Toxoplasma Activity

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    McFarland, Madalyn M.; Zach, Sydney J.; Wang, Xiaofang; Potluri, Lakshmi-Prasad; Neville, Andrew J.; Vennerstrom, Jonathan L.

    2016-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a ubiquitous apicomplexan parasite capable of infecting humans and other animals. Current treatment options for T. gondii infection are limited and most have drawbacks, including high toxicity and low tolerability. Additionally, no FDA-approved treatments are available for pregnant women, a high-risk population due to transplacental infection. Therefore, the development of novel treatment options is needed. To aid this effort, this review highlights experimental compounds that, at a minimum, demonstrate inhibition of in vitro growth of T. gondii. When available, host cell toxicity and in vivo data are also discussed. The purpose of this review is to facilitate additional development of anti-Toxoplasma compounds and potentially to extend our knowledge of the parasite. PMID:27600037

  2. Comparison of Toxoplasma gondii IgG avidity Architect and Vidas assays with the estimated date of infection in pregnant women.

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    Smets, Aurélie; Fauchier, Thomas; Michel, Grégory; Marty, Pierre; Pomares, Christelle

    2016-01-01

    A maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy is a risk for congenital infection through maternal-fetal transplacental transmission. Estimation of the date of infection is of the utmost importance for management and treatment recommendations. In this setting, IgG avidity has been shown to be useful as high avidity rules out an infection dating less than 4 months. The estimated date of infection can also be obtained by the ratio of T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Vidas (bioMérieux) assay versus T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Architect (Abbott Laboratories) test, together with T. gondii IgM and IgA antibody responses. In this study, using 117 serum samples from pregnant women, we compared the IgG avidity values obtained by Architect and Vidas with the presumed date of T. gondii infection established by the T. gondii IgG ratio of IgG Vidas and IgG Architect plus the IgM and IgA results. To date, IgG avidity Vidas seems to exhibit better performance than Architect. For both assays, gray zone results were most likely obtained from patients infected more than 4 months before sampling. These data should be taken into account for a possible reconsideration of the interpretation of avidity results in the gray zone. © A. Smets et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2016.

  3. Comparison of Toxoplasma gondii IgG avidity Architect and Vidas assays with the estimated date of infection in pregnant women

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    Smets Aurélie

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A maternal Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy is a risk for congenital infection through maternal-fetal transplacental transmission. Estimation of the date of infection is of the utmost importance for management and treatment recommendations. In this setting, IgG avidity has been shown to be useful as high avidity rules out an infection dating less than 4 months. The estimated date of infection can also be obtained by the ratio of T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Vidas (bioMérieux assay versus T. gondii IgG titers measured by the Architect (Abbott Laboratories test, together with T. gondii IgM and IgA antibody responses. In this study, using 117 serum samples from pregnant women, we compared the IgG avidity values obtained by Architect and Vidas with the presumed date of T. gondii infection established by the T. gondii IgG ratio of IgG Vidas and IgG Architect plus the IgM and IgA results. To date, IgG avidity Vidas seems to exhibit better performance than Architect. For both assays, gray zone results were most likely obtained from patients infected more than 4 months before sampling. These data should be taken into account for a possible reconsideration of the interpretation of avidity results in the gray zone.

  4. Incidence of anti-toxoplasma antibodies in women with high-risk pregnancy and habitual abortions

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    Maria de la Luz Galvan Ramirez

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite. In pregnant women on the worldwide scale, there are seroprevalences from 7% to 51.3% and in women with abnormal pregnancies and abortions the seroprevalences vary from 17.5% to 52.3%. In Mexico, seropositivity has been found to vary from 18.2% to 44.8% in women with abnormal deliveries or abortions. This study's aim was to determine the incidence oflgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in women at the Gineco-Obstetrics Hospital of the Western Medical Center of the Mexican Social Security Institute. Three hundred and fifty women with high-risk pregnancies were studied, and 122 (34.9% were found to be IgG seropositive and 76 (20.7% were IgM positive. In one group of women with habitual abortions there were 48 (44.9% with the preseiwe of IgG antibodies and 33 (33-3% were IgM seropositive. Seropositivity was analyzed according to age, occupation, socio-economic level, eating raw or poorly cooked meat, and living with cats.La toxoplasmosis es una zoonosis causada por Toxoplasma gondii , parãsito intracellular obligado, en mujeres embarazadas a nivel mundial existen seroprevalencias del 7% al 51.3% y mujeres con embarazos anormales y aborto varian desde 17.5% al 52.3%. En México se ha referido seropositividad del 18.2% al 44.8% en mujeres con partos anormales 6 abortos. El propósito de este trabajo consistió en determinar la frecuencia de anticuerpos antitoxoplasma IgG e IgM en mujeres del Hospital de Gineco Obstetrícia del Centro Médico de Occidente del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Se estudiaron 350 mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo encontrando 122 (34.9% seropositivas a IgG y 76 (20.7% a IgM, y en un grupo de 105 mujeres con aborto habitual resultando 48 (44.9% con presencia de anticuerpos IgG y 33 (33-3% a IgM. Se analizó la seropositividad con la edad, ocupación, nivel socioeconómicoa, ingesta de came cruda 6 mal cocida y conviveticia

  5. Anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in beef cattle slaughtered in the metropolitan region of Belém, Brazilian Amazon

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    Ediclei Lima do Carmo

    Full Text Available Abstract The relevance of consuming raw or undercooked beef in the transmission of toxoplasmosis is unclear due to the high resistance of cattle to infection. However, this possibility needs to be considered in endemic areas, such as the Amazon, where the consumption of beef is frequent. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in beef cattle slaughtered in the metropolitan region of Belem, Pará state, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 500 animals of both genders in a licensed slaughterhouse in Belém. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies were detected by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA with a cut-off titer of 1:64. Anti-T. gondii antibodies were found in 203 animals (40.6%, with a titer of 64 in 112 animals (55.2%, 128 in 68 animals (33.5%, 256 in 15 animals (7.4%, 512 in 5 animals (2.5%, and 1,024 in 3 animals (1.4%. No significant difference was observed between males and females (p > 0.05. The high frequency of anti-T. gondii antibodies observed in beef cattle slaughtered in Belém indicates that the meat of these animals may be an important source of infection for humans and carnivorous domestic animals when inadequately cooked beef is consumed.

  6. Anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in beef cattle slaughtered in the metropolitan region of Belém, Brazilian Amazon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmo, Ediclei Lima do; Morais, Rafaela Dos Anjos Pinheiro Bogoevich; Lima, Michele de Souza; Moraes, Carla Cristina Guimarães de; Albuquerque, George Rêgo; Silva, Aristeu Vieira da; Póvoa, Marinete Marins

    2017-01-01

    The relevance of consuming raw or undercooked beef in the transmission of toxoplasmosis is unclear due to the high resistance of cattle to infection. However, this possibility needs to be considered in endemic areas, such as the Amazon, where the consumption of beef is frequent. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in beef cattle slaughtered in the metropolitan region of Belem, Pará state, Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 500 animals of both genders in a licensed slaughterhouse in Belém. Anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies were detected by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) with a cut-off titer of 1:64. Anti-T. gondii antibodies were found in 203 animals (40.6%), with a titer of 64 in 112 animals (55.2%), 128 in 68 animals (33.5%), 256 in 15 animals (7.4%), 512 in 5 animals (2.5%), and 1,024 in 3 animals (1.4%). No significant difference was observed between males and females (p > 0.05). The high frequency of anti-T. gondii antibodies observed in beef cattle slaughtered in Belém indicates that the meat of these animals may be an important source of infection for humans and carnivorous domestic animals when inadequately cooked beef is consumed.

  7. Frequency of Anti-Toxoplasma IgM and IgG Antibodies in Leukemic Patients

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    M.J. Gharavi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim: the efficacy and safety of combined therapy with anticholinergics and alpha blockers in comparison with alpha blockers monotherapy among patients with BPH. Methods: We conducted a single blinded RCT and 80 patients with BPH who referred to Ali-ebn-abitaleb, Zahedan were included. One group received 0.4 mg/d Tamsulosin in addition to Tolterodine and the other group received the same doses of Tamsulosin in addition to placebo. Both groups were evaluated before and 6 months after treatment with special attention to clinical symptoms, life quality improvement and treatment satisfaction. SPSS was applied for data analysis. Results: There is no significant difference between these two groups of patients’ demographics and basic indices such as PVR, PSA and the volume of prostate. IPSS was significantly improved among patients who received Toltrodine (p=0.0008 whereas both groups showed same score before treatment. Conclusion: It seems that combined therapy with anticholinergics and alpha blockers is a safe and efficient regimen among patients with BPH, either as primary or alternative treatment after the failure of conventional treatments.

  8. Ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em ovinos das áreas urbanas e periurbanas de Curitiba, Paraná Occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in ovine from urban and periurban areas from Curitiba, Parana State

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    Vanete Thomaz Soccol

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar a ocorrência da infecção por Toxoplasma gondii, em ovinos das regiões periurbana e urbana do município de Curitiba, Paraná, Região Sul do Brasil, foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 167 ovinos, de três rebanhos. O teste de ELISA foi utilizado para detectar anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii. Dos 167 soros ovinos, 43 (25,75% apresentaram anticorpos anti-T. gondii. O parasito está difundido entre os ovinos das duas regiões estudadas.This study evaluated occurrence of the Toxoplasma gondii infection in ovine from urban and periurban areas of Curitiba, State of Paraná, Southern of Brazil. Blood samples from 167 sheep from three farms were collected. ELISA assay was used to detect IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. Of 167 ovine samples, 43 (25.75% were positive. The parasite is widespread among sheep from urban and periurban areas of Curitiba.

  9. Distribution of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies among Orang Asli (aborigines) in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakim, S L; Radzan, T; Nazma, M

    1994-09-01

    The distribution of anti-toxoplasma antibodies among the aborigines in Malaysia and its association with other soil transmitted infections and eosinophilia were studied. A total of 415 serum samples were collected and tested by IFA test. Overall prevalence was 10.6%, lower than previously reported. The antibody titers showed a unimodal distribution peaking at 1:8 dilution. There was a higher proportion of high antibody titer (> 1:128) in the adult compared to the children with no significant difference in prevalence rate by sex. The pattern of infection does not differ from other soil transmitted infections and there was no association between raised Toxoplasma antibodies with eosinophilia.

  10. Anti-Toxoplasma activity of vegetal extracts used in West African traditional medicine

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    Benoit-Vical F.

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Both Toxoplasma gondii and Plasmodium are Apicomplexan protozoa that share common metabolic pathways and potential drug targets. The objective of this study was to examine the anti- Toxoplasma activity of nine West African plants with known activity against P. falciparum. The extracts were obtained from parts of plant commonly used, by most traditional healers, in the form of infusion or as water decoction. The in vitro activity of plant extracts on T. gondii was assessed on MRC5 tissue cultures and was quantified by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Aqueous extracts from Vernonia colorata were found to be inhibitory for Toxoplasma growth at concentrations > 10 mg/L, with an IC50 of 16.3 mg/L. A ten-fold gain in activity was obtained when organic solvents such as dichloromethane, acetone or ethanol were used to extract V. colorata's active principles. These extracts were inhibitory at concentrations as low as 1 mg/L, with IC50 of 1.7, 2.6 and 2.9 mg/L for dichloromethane, acetone and ethanol extracts respectively. These results indicate a promising source of new anti-Toxoplasma drugs from V. colorata and African medicinal plants.

  11. Pesquisa de anticorpos IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii por meio de técnica imunoenzimática reversa

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    José Roberto Mineo

    1986-02-01

    Full Text Available Um teste imunoenzimático reverso foi padronizado utilizando-se como fase sólida, microplacas de polivinil sensibilizadas com anticorpos anti-IgM.7 Estas foram incubadas seqüencialmente com alíquotas de soros de pacientes com suspeita de toxoplasmose aguda, antígeno solúvel de Toxoplasma gondii, conjugado peroxidase F (ab'2 anti-toxoplasma e substrato enzimático. A atividade enzimática foi determinada por leitura espectrofotométrica, considerando-se como títulos dos soros a máxima diluição fornecendo valores de absorbância maiores que os obtidos com a menor diluição do soro padrão não-reativo. Em 69 amostras de soros de pacientes com toxoplasmose aguda, a média geométrica dos títulos no teste ELISA-Reverso IgM foi superior à de todos os outros testes para anticorpos IgM, não se observando resultados negativos falsos devidos a altos títulos de IgG específica. Não foi encontrada, também, reatividade cruzada em nenhuma das 104 amostras de soros de pacientes com outras patologias, inclusive em amostras contendo fator reumatóide IgM.

  12. Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy to detect anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibody in blood sera of domestic cats: quantitative analysis based on partial least-squares multivariate statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, Janaína; Pacheco, Marcos T. T.; Villaverde, Antonio Balbin; Machado, Rosangela Z.; Zângaro, Renato A.; Silveira, Landulfo

    2010-07-01

    Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonosis in public health because domestic cats are the main agents responsible for the transmission of this disease in Brazil. We investigate a method for diagnosing toxoplasmosis based on Raman spectroscopy. Dispersive near-infrared Raman spectra are used to quantify anti-Toxoplasma gondii (IgG) antibodies in blood sera from domestic cats. An 830-nm laser is used for sample excitation, and a dispersive spectrometer is used to detect the Raman scattering. A serological test is performed in all serum samples by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for validation. Raman spectra are taken from 59 blood serum samples and a quantification model is implemented based on partial least squares (PLS) to quantify the sample's serology by Raman spectra compared to the results provided by the ELISA test. Based on the serological values provided by the Raman/PLS model, diagnostic parameters such as sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive prediction values, and negative prediction values are calculated to discriminate negative from positive samples, obtaining 100, 80, 90, 83.3, and 100%, respectively. Raman spectroscopy, associated with the PLS, is promising as a serological assay for toxoplasmosis, enabling fast and sensitive diagnosis.

  13. Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Borrelia species antibodies in patients with schizophrenia: a case-control study from western Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevizci, Sibel; Celik, Merve; Akcali, Alper; Oyekcin, Demet Gulec; Sahin, Ozlem Oztürk; Bakar, Coskun

    2015-06-01

    We examined IgG antibody seroprevalence and risk factors for anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Borrelia sp. in schizophrenic patients. This case-control study included 30 schizophrenic patients and 60 healthy individuals. Serological analyses were identified by using ELISA technique. In the case group the Toxoplasma seropositivity was 33.3% and Borrelia seropositivity was 13.3%, while in the control group the Toxoplasma positivity was 21.7% and Borrelia seropositivity was 15.0%. There was no significant difference with regard to seroprevalence between the groups (P = 0.232; P = 0.832, respectively). There was statistically significant difference between case and control groups related to hand and kitchen utensil hygiene after dealing with raw meat (P = 0.001). Our data showed the rate of Toxoplasma antibodies was higher in the case group, while the rate of Borrelia antibodies was higher in the control group. In both groups the high rates of seropositivity for Toxoplasma gondii and Borrelia sp. is thought to be due to neglect of personal hygiene. The present study also is the first to examine the association between Borrelia sp. and schizophrenia. Further studies are needed to determine whether there is an association between Borrelia sp. and schizophrenia or not.

  14. Presence and duration of anti-Toxoplasma gondii immunoglobulin M in infants with congenital toxoplasmosis

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    Eleonor G. Lago

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to investigate the rate of positivity for immunoglobulin M anti-Toxoplasma gondii (Toxo-IgM in newborns with congenital toxoplasmosis, and the age when these antibodies become negative. METHODS: patients with congenital toxoplasmosis who started monitoring in a congenital infection clinic between 1998 and 2009 were included. Inclusion criteria were routine maternal or neonatal serological screening; diagnostic confirmation by persistence of immunoglobulin G anti-Toxoplasma gondii at age > 12 months, and Toxo-IgM screening in the neonatal period. To calculate the frequency of positive Toxo-IgM, cases detected by neonatal screening were excluded. For the study of the age when Toxo-IgM results became negative, patients with negative Toxo-IgM since birth and those in whom it was not possible to identify the month when the negative result was achieved were excluded. RESULTS: among the 28 patients identified through maternal screening, 23 newborns had positive Toxo-IgM (82.1%, 95% CI: 64.7-93.1%. When adding the 37 patients identified by neonatal screening, Toxo-IgM was positive in the first month of life in 60 patients, and it was possible to identify when the result became negative in 51 of them. In 19.6% of patients, these antibodies were already negative at 30 days of life; and in 54.9%, at 90 days. Among the 65 patients included in the study, 40 (61.5% had some clinical alteration. CONCLUSIONS: even with high sensitivity methods, newborns with congenital toxoplasmosis can have negative Toxo-IgM at birth. In those who have these antibodies, the positive period may be quite short. It is important not to interrupt the monitoring of infants with suspected congenital toxoplasmosis simply because they present a negative Toxo-IgM result.

  15. Patrón de immunoblotting y niveles de anticuerpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii en suero y humor acuoso de pacientes con lesiones de toxoplasmosis ocular

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    Morella Bouchard Pereira

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar en muestras de suero y humor acuoso los niveles de anticuerpos anti-toxoplasma a través del Coeficiente de Goldmann y Witmer (CGW y el patrón de reconocimiento antigénico a través del immunoblotting (IB, en pacientes con serología positiva con y sin lesiones de toxoplasmosis ocular. Se recogieron simultáneamente muestras de suero y humor acuoso de 26 pacientes: un grupo de casos que poseían lesiones retinales de toxoplasmosis ocular en fase activa e inactiva (n=17 y un grupo control que requería cirugía ocular por presencia de cataratas (n=9. Las determinación de IgM e IgG específicas se realizó por ELISA de inmunocaptura e indirecto, respectivamente. Se utilizó la inmunodifusión radial para la cuantificación de la IgG total. El CGW resultó >2, indicativo de producción local de anticuerpos específicos en 12/17 de los casos, mientras que en los controles no se observó, esto evidenció una sensibilidad del 71% y una especificidad de 100%. En IB, la aparición de bandas diferentes en humor acuoso, indicativo de producción local de anticuerpos específicos se observaron en 11/17 de los casos y 1/9 de los controles, reflejando una sensibilidad de 65% y una especificidad de 89%. Al considerar las dos pruebas la sensibilidad se incrementó a un 73%, pero la especificidad disminuyó a 89%. En conclusión el IB es útil como prueba confirmatoria para diagnóstico de toxoplasmosis ocular, pero sólo como un complemento del coeficiente de GW especialmente en pacientes con lesiones atípicas donde el diagnóstico clínico es difícil. Aqueous humor and serum immunoblotting profiles and anti–toxoplasma gondii antibodies in patients with toxoplasmosis-induced retinal lesions Abstract The purpose of this study was to analize the anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies levels in serum and aqueous humor samples in patients with ocular toxoplasmosis by using Goldman and Witmer Coefficient (GWC and the

  16. Evaluation of bioMérieux's Dissociated Vidas Lyme IgM II and IgG II as a First-Tier Diagnostic Assay for Lyme Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molins, Claudia R; Delorey, Mark J; Replogle, Adam; Sexton, Christopher; Schriefer, Martin E

    2017-06-01

    The recommended laboratory diagnostic approach for Lyme disease is a standard two-tiered testing (STTT) algorithm where the first tier is typically an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) that if positive or equivocal is reflexed to Western immunoblotting as the second tier. bioMérieux manufactures one of the most commonly used first-tier EIAs in the United States, the combined IgM/IgG Vidas test (LYT). Recently, bioMérieux launched its dissociated first-tier tests, the Vidas Lyme IgM II (LYM) and IgG II (LYG) EIAs, which use purified recombinant test antigens and a different algorithm than STTT. The dissociated LYM/LYG EIAs were evaluated against the combined LYT EIA using samples from 471 well-characterized Lyme patients and controls. Statistical analyses were conducted to assess the performance of these EIAs as first-tier tests and when used in two-tiered algorithms, including a modified two-tiered testing (MTTT) approach where the second-tier test was a C6 EIA. Similar sensitivities and specificities were obtained for the two testing strategies (LYT versus LYM/LYG) when used as first-tier tests (sensitivity, 83 to 85%; specificity, 85 to 88%) with an observed agreement of 80%. Sensitivities of 68 to 69% and 76 to 77% and specificities of 97% and 98 to 99% resulted when the two EIA strategies were followed by Western immunoblotting and when used in an MTTT, respectively. The MTTT approach resulted in significantly higher sensitivities than did STTT. Overall, the LYM/LYG EIAs performed equivalently to the LYT EIA in test-to-test comparisons or as first-tier assays in STTT or MTTT with few exceptions. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.

  17. HLA-DQBl*0402 alleles polymorphisms detected in Javanese HIV patients with positive anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung; Hartono, Adnan, Zainal Arifin

    2017-02-01

    The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQB1 gene polymorphisms may associated with the infection risk of Toxoplasma gondii in HIV patients. The HLA-DQB1*0402 in HIV-1-positive patients could be considered risk factors for developing neurological opportunistic infections, mainly Toxoplasma encephalitis. However, the HLA-DQB1*0402 gene polymorphisms status in the Javanese HIV patients is unknown. This study evaluated the prevalence of HLA-DQB*0402 alleles polymorphisms in Javanese HIV patients with positive anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM status. Since 2009 our research group performing a molecular epidemiology of blood borne viruses in Central Java Indonesia, by collecting the epidemiological and clinical data from the high risk communities. All blood samples were screened for blood borne pathogens by serological and molecular assays including for HIV and Toxoplasma gondii. The genomic DNA was isolated from the whole blood samples. Genetic polymorphisms of HLA-DQB1*0402 alleles were detected with polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSPs) technique. The genotypes were defined according to generated fragment patterns in the agarose gel electrophoresis analysis of PCR products. All of the samples were tested at least in duplicate. HLA-DQB1*0402 alleles were detected in 20.8% (16/77) patients and not detected in all HIV positive samples with negative anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM status (n= 200). The HLA-DQB1*0402 alleles polymorphisms were detected in Javanese HIV patients with positive anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM. The polymorphisms found may have association with the infection risk of Toxoplasma gondii in HIV patients.

  18. Occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and parasite DNA in backyard chicken breeding in Northeast, Brazil

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    Marcela Fernanda Torres Samico Fernandes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and parasite DNA in backyard chickens bred in the metropolitan area of Recife, Brazil. In total, 212 serum samples were collected from 16 properties, and 12 backyard chickens were collected in the six sanitary districts of Recife. An indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA was used to investigate the occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR was used to detect T. gondii DNA in brain, heart, liver and lung specimens. Of the samples analyzed by serology, 86/212 (40.56% were positive; of the samples analyzed by PCR, 2/12 (16.7% were positive, with both samples positive by both tests (serological and molecular. The presence of antibody anti-T. gondii and parasite DNA in tissues of these animals are worrying aspects for public health because there is a risk of transmission of the parasite to humans through eating undercooked or raw meat. Based on the results, the adoption of preventive measures to prevent the cats access to the chickens creations should be encouraged, since these animals were identified in most of the studied properties.

  19. Evaluation of the Eiken latex agglutination test for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and seroprevalence of Toxoplasma infection among factory workers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woldemichael, T.; Fontanet, A. L.; Sahlu, T.; Gilis, H.; Messele, T.; Rinke de Wit, T. F.; Yeneneh, H.; Coutinho, R. A.; van Gool, T.

    1998-01-01

    Sera from 170 factory workers aged 18-45 years enrolled in a pilot study of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) infection in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, were screened for anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulin G antibodies by the Sabin-Feldman test (reference standard) and the Eiken latex agglutination test

  20. IgG avidity assay: a tool for excluding acute toxoplasmosis in prolonged IgM titer sera from pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emelia, O; Rahana, A R; Mohamad Firdaus, A; Cheng, H S; Nursyairah, M S; Fatinah, A S; Azmawati, M N; Siti, N A M; Aisah, M Y

    2014-12-01

    An accurate diagnosis for toxoplasmosis is crucial for pregnant women as this infection may lead to severe sequelae in the fetus. The value of IgG avidity assay as a tool to determine acute and chronic toxoplasmosis during pregnancy was evaluated in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). In this study, 281 serum samples from 281 pregnant women in various trimesters were collected. These samples were assayed using specific anti-Toxoplasma IgM and IgG antibodies, followed by IgG avidity test. The overall seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women was 35.2% (33.5% for anti-Toxoplasma IgG and 1.8% for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies). Of 5 (1.8%) serum samples positive for IgM ELISA, 4 had high-avidity antibodies, suggesting past infection and one sample with borderline avidity index. Two samples with low avidity were from IgM negative serum samples. The IgG avidity assay exhibited an excellent specificity of 97.6% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 95.6%. The study also demonstrated no significant correlation between avidity indexes of the sera with IgG (r=0.12, p=0.24) and IgM (r=-0.00, p=0.98), suggesting the complementary needs of the two tests for a better diagnosis outcome. These findings highlight the usefulness of IgG avidity assay in excluding a recently acquired toxoplasmosis infection in IgM-positive serum sample.

  1. Seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma Gondii Antibodies in Healthy Voluntary Blood Donors from Mashhad City, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarean, Mehdi; Shafiei, Reza; Gholami, Maryam; Fata, Abdolmajid; Rahmati Balaghaleh, Mansour; Kariminik, Ashraf; Tehranian, Farahnaz; Hasani, Ali; Akhavan, Arash

    2017-07-01

    The present investigation aims to evaluate the prevalence of IgM and IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies and the associated risk factors among healthy blood donors in Mashhad city, Razavi Khorasan province, Iran. We screened a total of 500 serum samples by census method from apparently healthy blood donors of the Mashhad Blood Transfusion Organization (MBTO) for IgG and IgM anti-T. gondii antibodies by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). We found that 29.6%, 25%, 1.4%, and 3.2% of tested donors were positive for anti-T. gondii antibodies, only IgG antibody, both IgM and IgG, and IgM antibody alone, respectively. Several risk factors which were significantly related to T. gondii seropositivity in the univariate analysis at P < 0.05 included female gender (OR = 3.222, P < 0.001), age more than 40 years (P = 0.026), and sausage/hot dog consumption (OR = 4.472, P < 0.001). The results of this study can be a warning for blood transfusion organizations to pay special attention to toxoplasmosis among blood donors and also design screening programs for prevention of transfusion-transmitted toxoplasmosis.

  2. Frecuencia de anticuerpos anti Toxoplasma gondii en gestantes de Cúcuta, Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Cárdenas, Denny; Lozano, Claudia; Castillo, Zaida; Cedeño, Jessenia; Galvis, Viannis; Rios, Jessica; Tórres, Madalhene

    2016-01-01

    La toxoplasmosis es una infección ocasionada por Toxoplasma gondii, peligrosa durante la gestación. La presencia de anticuerpos IgG específicos implica contacto previo individuo-parásito, mientras que la detección de IgM anti-T. gondii, es considerada marcador de infección aguda, fase en la que se incrementa además el título IgG. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia y título de anticuerpos contra Toxoplasma gondii en gestantes. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal, se determinó el título de ...

  3. Seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies Among Lebanese Pregnant Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahouli, Hasan; El Arnaout, Nour; Chalhoub, Elias; Anastadiadis, Elie; El Hajj, Hiba

    2017-12-01

    Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, is a zoonotic obligate intracellular protozoan parasite responsible for the infection of almost one-third of the world's population. T. gondii is particularly threatening for primo-infected pregnant women and may lead, following vertical transplacental transmission, to spontaneous abortion, miscarriage, or severe manifestations in the newborn. The aim of this study was to provide an updated estimate of the seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii antibodies among a group of Lebanese pregnant women and its seroconversion rate. This is a retrospective cohort study, in which medical records of 11,000 pregnant women were screened. These women visited a private Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic located in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, during the period of January 1994 till September 2015. Serological results of anti-T. gondii immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) results of 2456 Lebanese pregnant women who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in the analysis. Seropositivity and seroconversion rates for women with repeated tests were reported according to age and area of residence. The overall anti-T. gondii IgG and IgM seropositivity among 2456 Lebanese pregnant women was 82.6% and 1.8% respectively. The highest IgG seropositivity is among the age group of 35-44 years (87.81%) and at the governorate of "Mount Lebanon" (82.95%). Sixty-four seroconversions were detected and two abortions due to T. gondii infection during pregnancy were recorded. The seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG among the screened pregnant women in Lebanon is the highest in the Arab region. These results highlight the importance of running a national sample survey to estimate the real potential burden of this infection and its impact on maternal and fetal health.

  4. Occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Luciane Maria Laskoski

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in horses from Pantanal, in Mato Grosso state. Two hundred blood samples were collected from horses in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The samples were analyzed by IFAT for the detection of anti-Neospora caninum and anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies. Antibodies to N. caninum were found in 30 (15% of 200 horses in titers of 50 (25 horses, 100 (two horses, 200 (two horses, and 400 (one horse. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in five (2.5% of 200 horses in titers of 50 (three horses, 200 (one horse, and 400 (one horse. One animal showed antibody titers for both coccidian (titers of 200 for N. caninum e 400 for T. gondii. The pantaneiros horses were exposed to Neospora spp. and T. gondii.

  5. Detecção de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em suínos criados e abatidos no Estado da Bahia, Brasil Detection anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in swines bred and abated in the Bahia State, Brazil

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    Rodrigo A. Bezerra

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se verificar a ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em suínos criados e abatidos no Estado da Bahia. Foram coletadas e examinadas 465 amostras de sangue de suínos provenientes de criações de diferentes locais desse estado. Para a pesquisa de anticorpos anti-T. gondii, foi utilizada a técnica de Imunoadsorção Enzimática (ELISA e considerados positivos todos os animais com títulos iguais ou maiores que 1:16. Desses, 18,27% (85/465 foram positivos para anticorpos anti-T. gondii, sendo 30,76% (24/78 em Ilhéus, 18,10% (21/116 em Itabuna e 14,76% (40/271 em Simões Filho. Foram observadas diferenças significativas quanto ao sexo dos animais (p = 0,0171, ao sistema de criação (p = 0,0002 e à procedência dos animais (p = 0,0278 no município de Itabuna. Anticorpos anti-T. gondii foram encontrados nos animais estudados, podendo ser estes animais fonte de infecção para a população humana local.This study was performed to verify the occurrence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in swine raised and slaughtered in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Four hundred sixty five swine blood samples from farms of different cities had been collected and examined. Anti-T. gondii antibodies was detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and considered positive all the animals with equal or bigger headings than 1:16. From these, 18.27% (85/465 of total sample were positive for T. gondii, 30.76% (24 in Ilhéus, 18.10% (21/116 in Itabuna and 14.76% (40/271 in Simões Filho. Significant differences were observed regarding animal sex (p = 0.0171, raising system (p = 0.0002 and origin of the animals (p = 0.0278 in the city of Itabuna. The occurrence of anti-T. gondii antibodies shows that swine can be a source of infection for the local human population.

  6. Anti-Toxoplasma antibody prevalence, primary infection rate, and risk factors in a study of toxoplasmosis in 4,466 pregnant women in Japan.

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    Sakikawa, Makiko; Noda, Shunichi; Hanaoka, Masachi; Nakayama, Hirotoshi; Hojo, Satoshi; Kakinoki, Shigeko; Nakata, Maki; Yasuda, Takashi; Ikenoue, Tsuyomu; Kojima, Toshiyuki

    2012-03-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii and is prevalent worldwide under various climatic conditions. It is usually asymptomatic, but infection in pregnant women can pose serious health problems for the fetus. However, epidemiological information regarding toxoplasmosis in Japanese pregnant women is limited. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies, the primary infection rate, and the risk factors for toxoplasmosis in Japanese pregnant women. We measured anti-Toxoplasma antibody titers in 4,466 pregnant women over a period of 7.5 years and simultaneously conducted interviews to identify the risk factors for toxoplasmosis. The overall prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma antibodies was 10.3%, and it was significantly higher in women aged above 35 years. The rate of primary Toxoplasma infection during pregnancy was estimated to be 0.25%. A possibility of infection in the later stages of pregnancy was identified for those women who were not infected in the early stages. A history of raw meat intake was identified to be a risk factor related to toxoplasmosis. Therefore, to lower the risk of toxoplasmosis, pregnant women should refrain from eating raw and undercooked meat and maintain personal hygiene.

  7. Detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in experimentally and naturally infected non-human primates by Indirect Fluorescence Assay (IFA and indirect ELISA Detecção de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii por meio das técnicas de Imunofluorescência Indireta e ELISA Indireto em primatas experimentalmente e naturalmente infectados

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    Andréa Bouer

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The Indirect Fluorescence Assay (IFA and the indirect ELISA were comparatively used to detect IgG and IgM antibodies for Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally and naturally infected primates. In the experimentally infected group, antibodies of diagnostic value were detected at day 9 post-infection (PI with the IFA (IgG and IgM and with IgG-ELISA. IgM-ELISA detected antibodies for T. gondii starting at day 3 PI until the end of the experiment (102 days PI. Of the 209 naturally infected sera tested, from many zoos of State of Sao Paulo, 64.59 and 67.94% were positive in the IgG-IFA test and IgG-ELISA respectively. IgM-ELISA test detected seropositivity in 52.63% of the sera although IgM-IFA test detected it in only in 0.96% of the samples. The differential toxoplasmosis diagnosis was accomplished with Neospora caninum by IFA, observing 61 (29.2% seropositive animals for this parasite and 149 (70.8% negative. Sixty animals were positive for both T. gondii and N. caninum. Pneumonia, splenomegaly, and intestinal ulcers were macroscopically observed. Unremarkable interstitial pneumonia, enteritis, colitis, splenitis, and glomerulitis were microscopically observed. The immunohistochemical stain could not detect the presence of T. gondii in the tissues of the animals infected experimentally.Detectou-se anticorpos das classes IgG e IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii em primatas experimentalmente e naturalmente infectados, utilizando-se como técnicas comparativas a RIFI e o ELISA-teste. No grupo dos primatas experimentalmente infectados, anticorpos de valor diagnóstico foram detectados a partir do 9º dia de infecção tanto na RIFI (IgG e IgM como no ELISA-IgG. O ELISA IgM detectou anticorpos a partir do 3º dia de infecção até o final do experimento (102 dias pós-infecção. Dos 209 soros dos primatas naturalmente infectados, de diversos zoológicos do Estado de São Paulo, 64,59 e 67,94% mostraram-se positivos na RIFI-IgG e no ELISA-IgG, respectivamente. O

  8. Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnant Women by IgG Avidity Assay

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    M. Roozbehani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that has ability to infect most warm blooded vertebrates. primary infection during pregnancy can lead to transmission of the infection to the fetus, with associated symptoms. the aim of this study was to compare methods for serological measurement of anti-toxoplasma IgG and IgM in pregnant women and also tested seroconversion mothers by IgG avidity, and finally comparing the results of these experiments with each others. Methods: In this comparative analytical study, from 2120 pregnant women referred to karaj medical laboratories (in 1392 years serum specimens were obtained and tested with Chemiluminescence (CLIA & (Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay ELFA methods. Then for detection of chronic and acute infection, serum IgM+ specimens tested by IgG Avidity assay. Results: In this study, out of 1362 cases of 2120 pregnant women were IgG+ with ELFA & CLIA methods. In IgM ELFA method, 38 samples were positive and 2 samples were borderline. In IgM CLIA method, 37 samples were positive and1samples were borderline. In IgG Avidity, from 40 serum samples, 15 samples were low aviditiy, 20 samples were high avidity and 5 samples were borderlines. In IgG Avidity positive predictive value were 57%. Conclusion: Every pregnant women needs to do anti-toxoplasma IgG and IgM tests. after considering all valid serological and molecular methods for deciding to treatment or termination of gestation must be used the other sensitive and reliable parasitology methods such as inoculation of susceptible lab animal and PCR on amniotic fluid.

  9. Chimeric protein A/G conjugate for detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii immunoglobulin G in multiple animal species.

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    Schaefer, John J; White, Holly A; Schaaf, Stephanie L; Mohammed, Hussni O; Wade, Susan E

    2012-05-01

    Serological testing for toxoplasmosis diagnosis remains the method of choice in human medicine due to the accessibility of the requisite sample, the difficulty in predicting the parasite's location in the host for direct detection, and the availability of established commercial methods. In veterinary medicine, although the first 2 conditions are unchanged, there is a need for commercially produced test methods that are validated for Toxoplasma gondii detection across the range of animal species that can serve as intermediate hosts. The development of such a serological method for animals would allow the diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in individual animals and a higher throughput method for population-level toxoplasmosis surveys. The incorporation of a non-species-specific chimeric protein A/G conjugate into an anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulin G enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is described. Serum from potential intermediate hosts was reevaluated using this method and compared with earlier testing using an established agglutination procedure. Very good agreement between the 2 tests was noted (κ = 0.81), establishing the method as a useful option for veterinary diagnostic testing.

  10. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats from Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Soroprevalência de infecção anti-Toxoplasma gondii em gatos domésticos de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil

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    Marúcia de Andrade Cruz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by the protozoa Toxoplasma gondii which infects all warm-blood vertebrates. This study aimed to assess the seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in a population of domestic cats seen at a major cat-only veterinary clinic in Curitiba, Paraná State, Southern Brazil. Serum samples were processed by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IIFA for the detection of IgG. Antibody titers were found in 16.3% (46/282 of sera analyzed, with titers to T. gondii of 16 in eight cats, 64 in 23 cats, 256 in 14 cats and 1024 in one cat. Statistical differences were not found regarding the association with age, gender and different areas of the city (p > 0.05. No significant differences were found in any variable when comparing seropositivity with potential risk factors. The seroprevalence was relatively lower when compared to other Brazilian regions, probably due to the fact that the cats studied were owned, domiciled with restricted dietary habits based on processed foods, restricted access to the street and no prey access. In conclusion, low feline toxoplasmosis seroprevalence may be associated to owned cats due to adequate dietary care and restricted outdoor access, as well as low local environmental exposure.A toxoplasmose é uma zoonose de distribuição mundial, causada pelo protozoário Toxoplasma gondii que infecta os vertebrados de sangue quente. Este estudo objetiva estabelecer a prevalência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii e o estudo de associação em uma população de gatos domésticos atendidos em uma clínica veterinária exclusiva de gatos localizada em Curitiba, estado do Paraná, Brasil. As amostras de soro foram obtidas e processadas pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta IgG. Títulos de anticorpos foram encontrados em 46/282 (16,3% das amostras analisadas, com título de 16 em oito gatos, 64 em 23, 256 em 14 e 1024 em um gato. Diferenças estatísticas não foram

  11. Ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em caprinos de Pitanga, Paraná, Brasil

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    Célia Rosimarie dos Reis

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se verificar a prevalência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em soros de caprinos de produção leiteira naturalmente infectados utilizando os testes de imunofluorescência indireta (IFI e o de aglutinação modificada (MAT, determinar a especificidade e a sensibilidade do MAT e avaliar a concordância dos resultados entre os testes. Para o estudo foram coletadas 282 amostras de soro caprino, de propriedades do município de Pitanga, Paraná, região com uma grande pecuária de pequenos ruminantes. A prevalência encontrada pela IFI foi de 44,68% e 23,05% pelo MAT. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p=0,0086 em relação ao sexo dos animais, sendo que as fêmeas foram mais soropositivas. Os resultados de sensibilidade e especificidade para o MAT foram, respectivamente, 42,2% e 94,9%. Na comparação dos resultados foi observada uma concordância moderada (Kappa = 0,42. A alta prevalência da infecção, aliada aos altos títulos obtidos pela IFI e aos sinais clínicos presentes nos rebanhos sugere a toxoplasmose como uma possível causa de problemas reprodutivos em caprinos. Os resultados de sensibilidade e especificidade para o MAT obtidos neste estudo permitem recomendá-lo como teste confirmatório para a espécie caprina.

  12. A protein extract and a cysteine protease inhibitor enriched fraction from Jatropha curcas seed cake have in vitro anti-Toxoplasma gondii activity.

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    Soares, A M S; Carvalho, L P; Melo, E J T; Costa, H P S; Vasconcelos, I M; Oliveira, J T A

    2015-06-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite of great medical and veterinary importance that has worldwide distribution and causes toxoplasmosis. There are few treatments available for toxoplasmosis and the search for plant extracts and compounds with anti-Toxoplasma activity is of utmost importance for the discovery of new active drugs. The objective of this study was to investigate the action of a protein extract and a protease inhibitor enriched fraction from J. curcas seed cake on developing tachyzoites of T. gondii-infected Vero cells. The protein extract (JcCE) was obtained after solubilization of the J. curcas seed cake with 100 mM sodium borate buffer, pH 10, centrifugation and dialysis of the resulting supernatant with the extracting buffer. JcCE was used for the in vitro assays of anti-Toxoplasma activity at 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 3.0 and 5.0 mg/ml concentration for 24 h. The results showed that JcCE reduced the percentage of infection and the number of intracellular parasites, but had no effect on the morphology of Vero cells up to 3.0 mg/mL. The cysteine protease inhibitor enriched fraction, which was obtained after chromatography of JcCE on Sephadex G-75 and presented a unique protein band following SDS-PAGE, reduced both the number of T. gondii infected cells and intracellular parasites. These results suggest that both JcCE and the cysteine protease inhibitor enriched fraction interfere with the intracellular growth of T. gondii. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Serodiagnosis of Toxoplasmosis: The effect of measurement of IgG avidity in pregnant women in Rabat in Morocco.

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    Laboudi, Majda; Sadak, Abderrahim

    2017-08-01

    The diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis in pregnant women during the early first trimester of pregnancy is very important for preventing congenital infection of the fetus; it will not only prevent the risk of transmitting the infection to the fetus but it will also enable to give these women a preventive treatment. In this study, the avidity test was performed on pregnant women during their first prenatal visit at the National Institute of Hygiene in Rabat, Morocco. One hundred and twenty-eight sera samples were collected from 128 pregnant women between August 2015 and June 2016; these women were chosen retrospectively and were in their first four months of pregnancy. The samples were screened using the specific anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies and were subjected to an IgG avidity test. After the serological screening, only 54 women (42.4%) were tested positive for IgG antibodies and five women (3.9%) were tested positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Four IgM-negative women had low-avidity antibodies. However, none of the IgG-avidity test had detected low-avidity antibodies in the five IgM-positive women; three women (60%) had high-avidity antibodies, indicating that the infection was acquired in the distant past. The avidity test is a helpful tool to exclude a recently acquired toxoplasmosis infection within IgM-positive serum samples in pregnant women during their first trimester of pregnancy. Thus, allowing to perform an appropriate therapeutic intervention. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. IgG avidity test for the diagnosis of acute Toxoplasma gondii infection in early pregnancy.

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    Pour Abolghasem, Shabnam; Bonyadi, Mohammad Reza; Babaloo, Zohre; Porhasan, Abolfazl; Nagili, Behroz; Gardashkhani, Omid Ali; Salehi, Parviz; Hashemi, Mohammad; Varshoghi, Mojtaba; Gaffari, Gafar Olade

    2011-12-01

    Toxoplasmosis is well known as an important infection in pregnant women. Although many serologic methods are available, diagnosis of early Toxoplasmosis may be extremely difficult. To detect the Toxoplasma IgG antibodies developed at the early stage of infection in pregnant women. 225 pregnant women, who were in the 2nd to 4th month of their pregnancy, enrolled in this study. Anti-toxoplasma IgG, IgM and IgG avidity were evaluated by ELISA method. The patients were categorized into three groups as follows: Group A, 124 cases; IgG+, IgM+, 55.1%; group B, 99 cases; IgG+, IgM-, 44%; and group C, 2 cases; IgG -, IgM +, 0.9%. Fifty five percent of the pregnant women had positive IgG and IgM among which 7.1% had low avidity which revealed an active infection in the pregnant women. In the current study, 44% of pregnant women had positive IgG and negative IgM, all of which had high avidity, which is an indication that in our population the level of toxoplasmosis infection is high and most women have had contacts with this parasite before pregnancy. In this study, the low avidity test was 7.1% showing that the occurrence of toxoplasmosis infection is still a serious issue. Observation of 45.8% high avidity among group A suggests that either IgM has a high half-life or there is a false positive IgM as a result of rheumatologic disorders. Therefore, avidity test is important in predicting maternal toxoplasmosis which is of value in disease treatment.

  15. Detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondiiantibodies in carthorses in the metropolitan region of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

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    Mariane Angélica Finger

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii, the agent for toxoplasmosis, has worldwide distribution. Horses normally play a secondary role in its life cycle, but movement around urban areas, feeding on grass and the increasing use of carthorses for gathering recyclable material in some urban areas of Brazil may increase their exposure to T. gondii infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of anti-T. gondii antibodies in carthorses in the metropolitan region of Curitiba, PR. IgG antibodies against T. gondii were detected using the indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT (titers ≥ 64. Seventeen (17.0% of the 100 horses sampled were seropositive. There were no statistical differences in relation to sex (p = 0.28 or age (p = 0.15. Our findings suggest that carthorses are exposed to T. gondii infections and that no associations with age or sex exist.

  16. Gestational toxoplasmosis in Paraná State, Brazil: prevalence of IgG antibodies and associated risk factors

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    Fabiana Maria Ruiz Lopes-Mori

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to verify the association between seropositivity for IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and social, economic and environmental variables of pregnant women attending the public health centers of Paraná, Brazil. From January 2007 to July 2010, 2226 pregnant women were interviewed and detection of anti-T. gondii specific IgG and IgM antibodies was performed by chemiluminescence test. Seropositivity for anti-T. gondii IgG was observed in 1151 (51.7% pregnant women, 29 of which (1.3% presented IgM reagent with IgG of high avidity. The variables associated with the presence of IgG were residency in the rural area, more than one pregnancy, less than or equal to eight years schooling, low per capita income, age group, raw or poorly cooked meat ingestion, and contact with the soil. There was neither association with raw fruit and vegetable ingestion nor with the presence of cats in the residencies.

  17. Contribution of IgG avidity and PCR for the early diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women from the North-Eastern region of Algeria.

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    Berredjem, Hajira; Aouras, Hayette; Benlaifa, Meriem; Becheker, Imène; Djebar, Mohamed Reda

    2017-09-01

    Acute toxoplasmosis in pregnant women presents a high risk of Toxoplasma transmission to the fetus. Early diagnosis is difficult, especially when serological testing for IgG/IgM antibodies fail to differentiate between a recent and a past infection. In this case, we rely on IgG avidity or PCR assays. The aim of this study was to compare conventional ELISA and IgG avidity, with PCR using B1 and P30 primers for the early diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women. Sera were collected from 143 pregnant women and measured by ELISA for anti-Toxoplasma IgG, IgM, IgA and IgG avidity. DNA was extracted from 57 peripheral blood and 14 amniotic fluid samples for PCR amplification. A total of 57 out 143 women were seropositive: 30 (52.6%) were IgG+/IgM- and 27 (43.8%) were IgG+/IgM+; IgA antibodies were positive in 7 (12.2%) cases. IgG avidity was low in 9 women suggesting an acute infection; 3 women presented an intermediate avidity. PCR detected Toxoplasma DNA in 9 women presenting low avidity and was negative for the intermediate avidity cases. PCR combined to avidity IgG performed better than ELISA IgG, IgM and/or IgA assays alone. PCR was useful in the case of intermediate avidity.

  18. Evaluation of the new architect cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgG avidity assays.

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    Lagrou, K; Bodeus, M; Van Ranst, M; Goubau, P

    2009-06-01

    A panel of new cytomegalovirus (CMV) assays for use on the Architect instrument has been developed, including a CMV avidity assay based on a new technology. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance characteristics of the fully automated CMV immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgG avidity tests on the Architect instrument with those of other available assays. A total of 503 consecutive fresh patient serum specimens (routine serum specimens) and 96 serum specimens from 33 pregnant women with a recent CMV primary infection (seroconversion serum specimens) were tested for CMV IgM and IgG by the Architect (Abbott), Vidas (BioMérieux), and Enzygnost (Siemens) assays. The seroconversion sera and 100 preselected serum specimens IgM negative and IgG positive by the AxSYM assay were also tested by the IgG avidity tests on the Architect and Vidas instruments. The relative agreements for CMV IgM determination with routine sera between the Architect assay and the Vidas, Enzygnost, and AxSYM assays were 97%, 94%, and 93%, respectively, for the CMV IgM tests and 99%, 98%, and 98%, respectively, for the CMV IgG tests. The specificities of the CMV IgG avidity test were 98% for the Architect assay and 76% for the Vidas assay. No high CMV IgG avidity test results were found within the first 3 months after seroconversion by either of those assays. The correlation between the results of the newly developed CMV IgM and IgG tests on the Architect instrument with the Vidas and Enzygnost assays was excellent (> or = 94%). The CMV IgG avidity test reliably excluded patients with recent infections and showed an excellent specificity (98%).

  19. Evaluation of the New Architect Cytomegalovirus Immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgG Avidity Assays▿

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    Lagrou, K.; Bodeus, M.; Van Ranst, M.; Goubau, P.

    2009-01-01

    A panel of new cytomegalovirus (CMV) assays for use on the Architect instrument has been developed, including a CMV avidity assay based on a new technology. The purpose of this study was to compare the performance characteristics of the fully automated CMV immunoglobulin M (IgM), IgG, and IgG avidity tests on the Architect instrument with those of other available assays. A total of 503 consecutive fresh patient serum specimens (routine serum specimens) and 96 serum specimens from 33 pregnant women with a recent CMV primary infection (seroconversion serum specimens) were tested for CMV IgM and IgG by the Architect (Abbott), Vidas (BioMérieux), and Enzygnost (Siemens) assays. The seroconversion sera and 100 preselected serum specimens IgM negative and IgG positive by the AxSYM assay were also tested by the IgG avidity tests on the Architect and Vidas instruments. The relative agreements for CMV IgM determination with routine sera between the Architect assay and the Vidas, Enzygnost, and AxSYM assays were 97%, 94%, and 93%, respectively, for the CMV IgM tests and 99%, 98%, and 98%, respectively, for the CMV IgG tests. The specificities of the CMV IgG avidity test were 98% for the Architect assay and 76% for the Vidas assay. No high CMV IgG avidity test results were found within the first 3 months after seroconversion by either of those assays. The correlation between the results of the newly developed CMV IgM and IgG tests on the Architect instrument with the Vidas and Enzygnost assays was excellent (≥94%). The CMV IgG avidity test reliably excluded patients with recent infections and showed an excellent specificity (98%). PMID:19339470

  20. Congenital toxoplasmosis: evaluation of serological methods for the detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM and IgA antibodies

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    IMX Rodrigues

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to evaluate the presence of serological markers for the immunodiagnosis of the vertical transmission of toxoplasmosis. We tested the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values (positive and negative of different serological methods for the early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. In a prospective longitudinal study, 50 infants with suspected congenital toxoplasmosis were followed up in the ambulatory care centre of Congenital Infections at University Hospital in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil, from 1 January 2004-30 September 2005. Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA, Enzyme-Linked Fluorescent Assay (ELFA and Immune-Fluorescent Antibody Technique (IFAT were used to detect specific IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and a capture ELISA was used to detect specific IgA antibodies. The results showed that 28/50 infants were infected. During the neonatal period, IgM was detected in 39.3% (11/28 of those infected infants and IgA was detected in 21.4% (6/28. The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values (positive and negative of each assay were, respectively: MEIA and ELFA: 60.9%, 100%, 100%, 55.0%; IFAT: 59.6%, 91.7%, 93.3%, 53.7%; IgA capture ELISA: 57.1%, 100%, 100%, 51.2%. The presence of specific IgM and IgA antibodies during the neonatal period was not frequent, although it was correlated with the most severe cases of congenital transmission. The results indicate that the absence of congenital disease markers (IgM and IgA in newborns, even after confirming the absence with several techniques, does not constitute an exclusion criterion for toxoplasmosis.

  1. Congenital toxoplasmosis: evaluation of serological methods for the detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgM and IgA antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, I M X; Castro, A M; Gomes, M B F; Amaral, W N; Avelino, M M

    2009-05-01

    A study was carried out to evaluate the presence of serological markers for the immunodiagnosis of the vertical transmission of toxoplasmosis. We tested the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values (positive and negative) of different serological methods for the early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. In a prospective longitudinal study, 50 infants with suspected congenital toxoplasmosis were followed up in the ambulatory care centre of Congenital Infections at University Hospital in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil, from 1 January 2004-30 September 2005. Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay (MEIA), Enzyme-Linked Fluorescent Assay (ELFA) and Immune-Fluorescent Antibody Technique (IFAT) were used to detect specific IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and a capture ELISA was used to detect specific IgA antibodies. The results showed that 28/50 infants were infected. During the neonatal period, IgM was detected in 39.3% (11/28) of those infected infants and IgA was detected in 21.4% (6/28). The sensitivity, specificity and predictive values (positive and negative) of each assay were, respectively: MEIA and ELFA: 60.9%, 100%, 100%, 55.0%; IFAT: 59.6%, 91.7%, 93.3%, 53.7%; IgA capture ELISA: 57.1%, 100%, 100%, 51.2%. The presence of specific IgM and IgA antibodies during the neonatal period was not frequent, although it was correlated with the most severe cases of congenital transmission. The results indicate that the absence of congenital disease markers (IgM and IgA) in newborns, even after confirming the absence with several techniques, does not constitute an exclusion criterion for toxoplasmosis.

  2. Prevalência de anticorpos anti - Toxoplasma gondii em avestruzes (Struthio camelus de criatórios comerciais no estado de São Paulo

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    Ana Paula Angelucci Contente

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A toxoplasmose é uma zoonose cosmopolita causada pelo protozoário Toxoplasma gondii, podendo acometer mamíferos e aves. O presente estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência do Toxoplasma gondii em avestruzes (Struthio camelus de criatórios comerciais do estado de São Paulo, como forma de auxiliar no conhecimento do comportamento e importância do parasito nesta espécie animal. Foram colhidas 195 amostras de soro de avestruzes, provenientes de Sorocaba, Campinas, São Carlos, Araçatuba, São Paulo, Vale do Ribeira, Botucatu e São José do Rio Preto, estado de São Paulo. As amostras foram analisadas pela Técnica de Aglutinação Direta Modificada (MAT, para a pesquisa de anticorpos anti - Toxoplasma gondii. Os exames sorológicos revelaram 14,36% de animais sororreagentes ao T. gondii. A titulação mínima considerada foi a diluição maior ou igual a 1:16, e a maior diluição encontrada foi 1:16384. Não foi constatada diferença significativa entre os sexos. Apenas duas regiões (São Paulo e São José do Rio Preto não apresentaram animais sororreagentes. Esses resultados salientam a importância de um estudo mais aprofundado sobre a infecção em avestruzes, e também sobre as práticas de manejo que venham a minimizar o risco de transmissão da toxoplasmose para essas aves e, por conseqüência, para o consumidor final.

  3. Utilização, em politransfundidos, da pesquisa de anticorpos igm anti-trypanosoma cruzi e anti-toxoplasma gondii para detectar infecções pós-transfusionais recentes IgM Trypanosoma cruzi and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in the detection of recent transfusion-transmitted infections

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    Vicente Amato Neto

    1984-04-01

    Full Text Available Consideram os Autores que a pesquisa de anticorpos IgM no soro é tática capaz de revelar recentes infecções pós-transfusionais. Por isso, decidiram usar esse tipo de mensuração relativamente a grupo constituído por 101 politrans-fundidos, tendo abordado especificamente as aquisições de doença de Chagas e toxoplasmose. Através da investigação que realizaram, só em duas oportunidades encontraram anticorpos IgM anti-Trypanosoma cruzi ou anti-Toxoplasma gondii e, portanto, não evidenciaram expressivo panorama tradutor de processos há pouco tempo contraídos, como ainda, por meio de anticorpos IgG não identificaram números expressivos de pessoas com essas protozooses. No entanto, detectaram a expressiva taxa de 4,9% de casos de doença de Chagas muito provavelmente decorrentes da hemoterapia. A despeito da relevância não acentuada dos resultados que obtiveram, julgaram os Autores ser válido estimular a efetivação de outros estudos congêneres e correlatos, aptos a contribuir para aqui-latamento de riscos pertinentes à prática hemoterápica.The Authors have regarded serum IgM antibodies titration as useful in the detection of recent transfusion-transmitted infections. For this reason a group consisting of 101 patients, who had received many blood transfusions, underwent such mensuration in order to reveal recent Chagas'disease and toxoplasmosis acquired infections. Throughout the investigation just two cases have yielded IgM trypanosomal or toxoplasmal antibodies, showing therefore that this sort of titration did not correlate with the real existence of recent acquired infections. On the other hand IgM antibodies in the same patients did not show a considerable incidence of these two protozoan infections. However an expressive rate of 4.9% of Chagas'disease probably due to hemotherapy was found. Although the results this study were not very relevant, the Authors still have in mind that further similar investigations should be

  4. Vida = Life

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    Canguilhem, Georges

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1973, Georges Canguilhem publica, na Encyclopédie Universalis, um extenso verbete histórico do conceito “Vida” na biologia e nas ciências da vida. A seguinte tradução do verbete é baseada na segunda edição, reimpressão publicada em 1989, nas páginas 546-553

  5. Anti-neosporal IgG and IgE antibodies in canine neosporosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesus, E E V; Almeida, M A O; Atta, A M

    2007-01-01

    Neospora caninum infection provokes neurological disorders, recurrent abortion and death in dogs and cattle. Dogs are both intermediate and definitive host of N. caninum. Thus, the development of sensitive and specific immunoassays to diagnose canine neosporosis is essential to control this disease. This work investigated serum anti-neosporal IgG and IgE antibodies in 140 dogs represented by 30 healthy animals (group I), 11 dogs showing acute N. caninum infection (group II), 50 urban dogs with serological evidence of canine neosporosis in indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) (group III) and 49 urban dogs without clinical and laboratory evidences of neosporosis (group IV). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western immunoblotting, both using a soluble N. caninum tachyzoite antigen (SNA), investigated these two isotypes of antibodies, while a Urea-ELISA measured the avidity of the IgG antibodies. Anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies were also investigated in the animals. Anti-neosporal IgG was found in all animals from groups II and III, whereas 32.7% (16/49) of dogs from group IV were reactive. IgG antibodies of low avidity were demonstrated in dogs from group II (median 35.3%), while animals from groups III and IV had IgG antibodies of high avidity (medians of 61.5% and 61.7% respectively). IgE antibodies were found in four (13.3%) and five (16.6%) dogs from groups III and IV respectively. Dogs presenting acute infection (group II) or chronic infection (group III) had IgG antibodies to several neosporal antigens, mainly of 29-30 and 35 kDa, while 13 of 16 dogs from group IV recognized antigens from 14 to 170 kDa. Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in 36 of 50 (72%) sera from group III and 25 of 49 (51%) sera from group IV. We concluded that IgG-ELISA and Urea-ELISA with SNA may substitute for IFAT in both laboratory routine and epidemiological studies of canine neosporosis.

  6. [Evaluation of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibody distribution and risk factors among pregnant women admitted to obstetrics polyclinic of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gencer, Meryem; Cevizci, Sibel; Saçar, Suzan; Vural, Ahmet; Cakır Güngör, Ayşe Nur; Uysal, Ahmet; Hacıvelioğlu, Servet Özden; Celik, Merve; Duru, Eda; Coşar, Emine

    2014-06-01

    In this study, we aimed to investigate Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence and risk factors in pregnant women. A total of 196 patients, admitted to the clinic in the first trimester and with ongoing pregnancy follow-up of between May 2012 and January 2013, were included in the study. Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies were detected by ELISA test in blood samples obtained from patients during routine screening. SPSS statistical software, version 19.0 was used to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics were used to present the data, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Chi-square test was used for categorical variables. p-value for statistical significance was defined as p0.05). We found that Toxoplasma IgG antibody seropositivity (28.8%) was similar to that found in the other studies from western Turkey.

  7. Vidas paralelas

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    José Fernando Valencia Grajales

    2009-07-01

    artístico del autor colombiano a quien sin asomos de duda podemos equiparar guardando las distancias tanto temporales, contextuales y la magnitud de las obras de ambos artistas. Esta aproximación se realizara en los puntos que los asemejan y se relatara a manera de paralelos y yuxtaposición de hechos que los marcaran de por vida.

  8. High prevalence of anti-toxoplasma antibodies and absence of Toxoplasma gondii infection risk factors among pregnant women attending routine antenatal care in two Hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelaye, Woyneshet; Kebede, Tadesse; Hailu, Asrat

    2015-05-01

    Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It is acquired mainly by eating raw or undercooked meat containing Toxoplasma gondii tissue cyst, eating food or water contaminated with oocyst, and acquiring congenital infection through the placenta. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis and assess possible risk factors associated with the infection among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Cross sectional study was designed, and 288 serum samples were collected from November 1(st) 2010 to January 2011. The serum samples were tested for anti- Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using latex agglutination test. The risk factors were tested for significance using Bivariate and multivariate analysis. P-value Toxoplasma gondii antibody. No significant association was observed between seroprevalence and age, gestational age, socio demographic characters, history of abortion, consumption of raw or undercooked meat, consumption of raw vegetable, owning of cat, and blood transfusion. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia is higher than that reported from other countries. Efforts to describe risk factors for toxoplasma infection among Ethiopians should focus in children. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  9. Presence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii, -Neospora caninum, -Leishmania spp. and -Ehrlichia canis antibodies in free-ranging maned wolves (Chrysocyon brachyurus in the northeastern region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Solange Oliveira

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available O lobo-guará (Chrysocyon brachyurus habita o ecossistema de Cerrado e é considerado o maior canídeo da América do Sul e uma espécie ameaçada de extinção pela "International Union for Conservation of Nature" (IUNC. O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar a presença de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii, -Neospora caninum, -Leishmania spp. e -Ehrlichia canis em lobos-guará da região nordeste do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Das 17 amostras de soro testadas por meio da reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI, 88,2% (15/17, 17,6% (3/17 e 52,9% (9/17 apresentaram anticorpos anti-T. gondii, -Leishmania spp. e -E. canis, respectivamente. Todos os animais testados foram soronegativos para N. caninum. Esses resultados indicam a exposição dos lobos-guará dessa região aos agentes pesquisados. A presença de um complexo industrial, agricultura extensiva e fragmentação de habitat na região nordeste do estado de São Paulo, favorece a proximidade desses animais silvestres a ambientes urbanos o que pode contribuir para a transmissão de doenças entre os animais silvestres, domésticos e o homem.

  10. Occurrences of anti-Toxoplasma gondii and anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in sheep from four districts of Tocantins state, Brazilian Legal Amazon Region

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    Andresa Guimarães

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis and neosporosis have been recognized as economically important diseases with considerable impact on the livestock industry. Little is known concerning the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in sheep from Tocantins state, Brazil. Here, we investigated antibodies against these parasites and associated factors in 182 sheep from Araguaína, Santa Terezinha do Tocantins, Arguianópolis and Palmeiras do Tocantins districts, Tocantins. Sheep sera were assayed for T. gondii and N. caninum IgG antibodies by indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT, using cut-off point at a dilution of 1:40 and 1:25 respectively. The prevalence of seropositive animal for T. gondii was 13.74% and 13.74% for N. caninum. None of the characteristics studied including reproductive problems, presence of cats, presence of dogs and veterinary care (p>0.05 was associated with occurrence of T. gondii or N. caninum infection. Only breed was identified as associated factor for the occurrence of toxoplasmosis in sheep (p<0.05. The present study is the first report on serum occurrence of T. gondii and N. caninum in sheep from the state of Tocantins, Brazil.

  11. Seroprevalence of IgG and IgM antibodies and associated risk factors for toxoplasmosis in cats and dogs from sub-tropical arid parts of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, N; Ahmed, H; Irum, S; Qayyum, M

    2014-12-01

    Pet cats and dogs are an important source of human toxoplasmosis because of their intimate relationship with humans. Present study was designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of toxoplasmosis in cats and dogs in northern sub-tropical arid region of Pakistan where no such work has been previously conducted. For this study 420 cats and 408 dogs visiting different pet clinics and veterinary hospitals were screened for the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies using ELISA technique. Epidemiological information regarding age, sex, area, outdoor access and hunting practice was obtained from the owners by questionnaire interview. Overall seroprevalence in cats and dogs was 26.43% (111/420) and 28.43% (116/408) respectively. IgG antibodies were found in 23.33% (98) cats and 25.49% (104) dogs while IgM antibodies were found in 3.57% (15) cats and 3.92% (16) dogs. Seroprevalence was significantly high in cats and dogs older than one year. No significant difference was recorded between males and females. Cats and dogs from rural areas showed higher prevalence. Dogs which had access to outside also showed high seroprevalence. The present study indicates that Toxoplasma gondii is widespread in pet animals in Pakistan which may have important implication for public health.

  12. Evaluation of two VIDAS®prototypes for detecting anti-HEV IgG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abravanel, Florence; Goutagny, Nadège; Perret, Corinne; Lhomme, Sébastien; Vischi, Françoise; Aversenq, Alexandre; Chapel, Aude; Dehainault, Nathalie; Piga, Nadia; Dupret-Carruel, Jacqueline; Izopet, Jacques

    2017-04-01

    High performance anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) IgG assays are crucial for epidemiology. To evaluate the performance of 2 prototypes developed for the VIDAS ® automatic system for detecting anti-HEV IgG, one based on the ORF2 antigen (ORF2 prototype) and the other on the ORF2 and ORF3 antigens (ORF2/3 prototype), with reference to the Wantai anti-HEV IgG assay. The sensitivity of each assay was determined by testing 113 blood samples, 63 from immunocompetent and 50 from immunocompromised patients, with a proven HEV infection defined by detecting HEV RNA. Their specificity was assessed with 103 blood samples that the Wantai assay indicated was negative for anti-HEV IgM and IgG, and negative for HEV-RNA. Cross reactivity was assessed using samples that were positive for hepatitis A virus IgG (n=16), hepatitis C virus antibodies (n=15), hepatitis B virus antigen and anti-HBc antibodies (n=16), rheumatoid factor (n=14), and negative for anti-HEV IgG with the Wantai assay. The sensitivities in immunocompetent patients were: 95.2% (ORF2), 96.8% (ORF2/3), and 93.6% (Wantai); in immunocompromised patients they were: 66% (ORF2), 72% (ORF2/3), and 68% (Wantai). Both VIDAS prototypes detected low concentrations of anti-HEV IgG. The overall specificity was 100% (ORF2 prototype) and 98.1% (ORF2/3 prototype). Both VIDAS prototypes cross-reacted in five samples (9.6%), mainly those containing HCV antibodies or rheumatoid factor. Both VIDAS ® prototypes performed very well and appear to be suitable for routine detection of anti-HEV IgG. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Spatial and simultaneous representative seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in owners and their domiciled dogs in a major city of southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benitez, Aline do Nascimento; Martins, Felippe Danyel Cardoso; Mareze, Marcelle; Santos, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues; Ferreira, Fernanda Pinto; Martins, Camila Marinelli; Garcia, João Luis; Mitsuka-Breganó, Regina; Freire, Roberta Lemos; Biondo, Alexander Welker; Navarro, Italmar Teodorico

    2017-01-01

    Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T. gondii infection as their owners. Thus, epidemiological assessment of the intra-domiciled environment, especially among socio-economically different human populations, may provide novel information regarding the actual role of dogs in animal and human toxoplasmosis. Despite spatial approaches being recently used for other water and foodborne diseases, no study has been conducted on the simultaneous spatial seroprevalence of both human and animal IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies in urban areas of major cities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to assess the seroprevalence and associated variables of Toxoplasma infection in owners and their domiciled dogs in Londrina, southern Brazil. Human and canine seroprevalence rates and variables associated with seroprevalence were investigated through representative random sampling among 564 households, which included 597 owners and 729 dogs. Overall, statistically significant differences between the seroprevalence of human and dog anti-T. gondii antibodies were found by Immunofluorescence Antibody Testing in 248/597 (41.54%) owners and 119/729 (16.32%) dogs. Through multiple analysis, significant concomitant variables for seropositivity of household individuals (people and dogs) were determined, including public sewer service, yard cleaning frequency, and having a dirty yard. Although no statistically significant multiple logistic

  14. Spatial and simultaneous representative seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in owners and their domiciled dogs in a major city of southern Brazil.

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    Aline do Nascimento Benitez

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T. gondii infection as their owners. Thus, epidemiological assessment of the intra-domiciled environment, especially among socio-economically different human populations, may provide novel information regarding the actual role of dogs in animal and human toxoplasmosis. Despite spatial approaches being recently used for other water and foodborne diseases, no study has been conducted on the simultaneous spatial seroprevalence of both human and animal IgG anti-T. gondii antibodies in urban areas of major cities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to assess the seroprevalence and associated variables of Toxoplasma infection in owners and their domiciled dogs in Londrina, southern Brazil. Human and canine seroprevalence rates and variables associated with seroprevalence were investigated through representative random sampling among 564 households, which included 597 owners and 729 dogs. Overall, statistically significant differences between the seroprevalence of human and dog anti-T. gondii antibodies were found by Immunofluorescence Antibody Testing in 248/597 (41.54% owners and 119/729 (16.32% dogs. Through multiple analysis, significant concomitant variables for seropositivity of household individuals (people and dogs were determined, including public sewer service, yard cleaning frequency, and having a dirty yard. Although no statistically significant

  15. Soroprevalência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em trabalhadores de um matadouro de suínos e em indivíduos com outras atividades na cidade de Palmas, Paraná, Brasil Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in workers of a swine slaughterhouse and in individuals with other activities in the city of Palmas, Paraná, Brazil

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    Patricia Riddell Millar

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available O risco de infecção por Toxoplasma gondii em trabalhadores de um frigorífico de suínos em Palmas, Paraná, Brasil, foi estudado comparativamente a outros indivíduos que não mantinham contato com animais e suas carcaças. As 174 amostras de soros foram divididas em dois grupos: grupo 1 - funcionários de um matadouro-frigorífico de suínos (133 e grupo 2 - controle (41. No ato da coleta, todos os participantes responderam a um questionário epidemiológico com as seguintes variáveis: sexo, idade, contato com gatos e solo, hábito de ingerir carne crua ou mal cozida, embutidos crus e leite cru. Todas as amostras de soros foram submetidas aos testes ELISA (Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay e RIFI (Reação de imunofluorescência indireta - IgG anti-T. gondii; por sua vez, para IgM anti-T. gondii, foi utilizada a RIFI. Todos os 174 indivíduos eram IgM soro não-reagentes. No grupo 1, 48,1% eram IgG sororreagentes na RIFI e 58,6% na ELISA. No grupo 2, 39,0% eram IgG sororreagentes na RIFI e 51,2% na ELISA. Não foram observadas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os grupos 1 e 2 em todas as variáveis, com exceção de "contato com gatos", para o grupo 1, e de "ingestão de leite cru", para o grupo 2, que foram estatisticamente significativas. Os resultados sugerem que a manipulação de carcaças (cistos não deve ter sido o único mecanismo de infecção envolvido na alta freqüência de sororeagentes na população estudada, embora possa ter contribuído na transmissão do parasita como fator de risco, assim como o contato com solo contaminado ou com gatos (oocistos.The risk of Toxoplasma gondii infection in workers of a swine slaughterhouse in Palmas, Paraná, Brazil was compared to other individuals not exposed to these animals and its carcasses. The 174 serum samples were divided in two groups: group 1 - slaughterhouse workers (133, and group 2 - control (41. During blood sampling, workers answered an epidemiological

  16. IgG4 Cholangiopathy

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    Yoh Zen

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4 cholangiopathy can involve any level of the biliary tree which exhibits sclerosing cholangitis or pseudotumorous hilar lesions. Most cases are associated with autoimmune pancreatitis, an important diagnostic clue. Without autoimmune pancreatitis, however, the diagnosis of IgG4-cholangiopathy is challenging. Indeed such cases have been treated surgically. IgG4-cholangiopathy should be diagnosed based on serological examinations including serum IgG4 concentrations, radiological features, and histological evidence of IgG4+ plasma cell infiltration. Steroid therapy is very effective even at disease relapse. A Th2-dominant immune response or the activation of regulatory T cells seems to be involved in the underlying immune reaction. It is still unknown why IgG4 levels are specifically elevated in patients with this disease. IgG4 might be secondarily overexpressed by Th2 or regulatory cytokines given the lack of evidence that IgG4 is an autoantibody.

  17. Concordância na detecção de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii e anti-Neospora caninum no sangue e no leite bovino pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta

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    Andréa Christina Ferreira Meirelles

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a aplicabilidade da pesquisa de anticorpos anti- Toxoplasma gondii e anti- Neospora caninum em amostras de leite bovino pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI e sua concordância com a detecção desses anticorpos em amostras de soro sanguíneo, simultaneamente coletadas das mesmas vacas. No total, foram analisadas amostras correspondentes de soro sanguíneo e de leite de 177 vacas em início de lactação. Para o T. gondii, o diagnóstico no leite demonstrou concordância boa e sensibilidade baixa, quando comparado ao soro sanguíneo com título de anticorpos séricos ≥64 (ponto de corte. Quanto ao N. caninum, obteve-se concordância excelente entre a detecção de anticorpos no soro sanguíneo com título ≥50 (considerado ponto de corte para termos de diagnóstico e no leite, com sensibilidade de 80,7% e especificidade de 100%, no entanto, para as vacas com títulos de anticorpos ≥100 no soro sanguíneo, a sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 100%. Nas condições do presente estudo, demonstrou-se que a RIFI não é indicada para diagnóstico da toxoplasmose em amostras de leite bovino, devido ao alto percentual de vacas soropositivas para anticorpos anti-T. gondii no soro sanguíneo diluído 1:64, em cujas amostras de leite não houve detecção desses anticorpos. Por outro lado, a RIFI é um teste viável para o diagnóstico da neosporose bovina, especialmente considerando como ponto de corte um título de anticorpos séricos ≥100, podendo ser recomendável pela praticidade de coleta da amostra como parte de programas de saúde dos rebanhos e estudos epidemiológicos

  18. Soroprevalência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em bovinos e funcionários de matadouros da microrregião de Pato Branco, Paraná, Brasil Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in cattle and slaughterhouse workers in the region of Pato Branco, Paraná, Brazil

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    Heitor Daguer

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Visando avaliar a participação da carne bovina na epidemiologia da toxoplasmose, foram coletadas amostras de soro de 348 bovinos e de 64 funcionários em quatro matadouros da microrregião de Pato Branco, Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Os soros dos bovinos foram avaliados pela reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI e apresentaram soropositividade (IgG em 41,4% das amostras examinadas. O título mais freqüentemente encontrado foi o de 64 (92,4%. Nenhum animal apresentou título superior a 1024. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas em relação ao sexo, idade e procedência dos animais. Os soros humanos, avaliados pelos testes de RIFI e de ELISA (imunoensaio enzimático para IgG, apresentaram 67,2% e 84,4% de positividade, respectivamente. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas com relação às variáveis idade, sexo, tempo de serviço no abatedouro, contato com gatos e hábito de ingerir carne crua ou mal cozida. Os resultados sugerem que a carne bovina pode desempenhar importante papel na manutenção da toxoplasmose na região.In order to determine the role of bovine meat in the epidemiology of toxoplasmosis, 348 serum samples were collected from cattle and 64 serum samples from slaughterhouse workers at four plants in the region of Pato Branco, Paraná state, southern Brazil. Cattle sera were examined by the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT, showing an IgG-seropositivity of 41.4%. The most frequently titer found was 64 (92.4%. Maximum titer found was 1024. There was no significant difference concerning sex, age and origin of positive sera. Human sera were tested by the IFAT and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, showing 67.2% and 84.4% of IgG-seropositivity, respectively. No significant difference was observed between prevalences and age, sex, duration of employment at slaughterhouse, contact with cats and eating raw or undercooked meat. Results suggest that bovine meat may be a possible source of

  19. Organ Correlation in IgG4-Related Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Koizumi, Satomi; Kamisawa, Terumi; Kuruma, Sawako; Tabata, Taku; Chiba, Kazuro; Iwasaki, Susumu; Kuwata, Go; Fujiwara, Takashi; FUJIWARA, Junko; Arakawa, Takeo; KOIZUMI, Koichi; Momma, Kumiko

    2015-01-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a potentially multiorgan disorder. In this study, clinical and serological features from 132 IgG4-RD patients were compared about organ correlations. Underlying pathologies comprised autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) in 85 cases, IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) in 12, IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-SIA) in 56, IgG4-related dacryoadenitis (IgG4-DAC) in 38, IgG4-related lymphadenopathy (IgG4-LYM) in 20, IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis (IgG4-RF)...

  20. Views on Lepa Vida (Fair Vida

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    Barbara Pregelj

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available “Lepa Vida” (Fair Vida is one of the most common motifs in Slovenian literature. The motif is from a folk song with many variants which in the course of time, and with each new author's view, assumed further layers. So far there have been 43 literary variations on the Fair Vida motif recorded since 1932, as well as many instances of arrangements for children and youth. In this paper I present the main characteristics of the motif in folk literature, in France Prešeren (“Od Lepe Vide”; “Of the Fair Vida”, and in Andrej Rozman Roza Lepa Vida v akciji (Fair Vida in Action, that is, the source/original, the canonical, and the subversive. I initially present the findings about the origins of the motif, the sociological-historical background against which it came into being, as well as comparative elements of intercultural and chronotope views and the image of the Other. In the light of comparisons with other Slovenian myths (especially King Matjaž, Martin Krpan, and Peter Klepec I present the (often rather restrictive view of literary criticism which frequently reduces the Fair Vida motif to the motif of longing, one of the most common motifs in Slovenian literature. I contrast this with more modern interpretative views that take into account both feminist theory and analysis of the discourse of power as it derives from the repeated (subversive, parodic reading of the motif which Andrej Rozman Roza presents in Lepa Vida v akciji.

  1. La terrible vida eterna

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ordorica, Ana Paula

    2006-01-01

    ... se aboque al tema de la vida eterna. ?Quien en su sano juicio, con esta vision del mundo, quisiera extender la vida por toda una eternidad? Provocador, indomable, incomodo, insolente, amargado y certero. Estos son solo algunos adjetivos que se han utilizado para describir al enfant terrible de la literatura francesa. Michel Houellebecq, el huerfano, aba...

  2. IgG4-related disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Detlefsen, Sönke; Klöppel, Günter

    2017-01-01

    alterations have been described under the terms autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and sclerosing cholangitis, respectively. These diseases are currently more precisely called IgG4-related pancreatitis (or type 1 AIP to distinguish it from type 2 AIP that is unrelated to IgG4-RD) and IgG4-related sclerosing...... disease (IgG4-RD). The histologic key findings are lymphoplasmacytic infiltration rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells combined with storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis. Among the organs mainly affected by IgG4-RD are the pancreas and the extrahepatic bile ducts. The pancreatic and biliary...... cholangitis (IgG4-related SC). Clinically and grossly, both diseases commonly imitate pancreatic and biliary adenocarcinoma, tumors that are well known for their dismal prognosis. As IgG4-RD responds to steroid treatment, making a resection of a suspected tumor unnecessary, a biopsy is often required...

  3. IgG4-related kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeki, Takako; Kawano, Mitsuhiro

    2014-02-01

    IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) is a comprehensive term for renal lesions associated with IgG4-related disease, which is a recently recognized clinical entity characterized by a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells with fibrosis affecting several organs. Tubulointerstitial nephritis with increased IgG4-positive plasma cells and fibrosis is the most dominant feature of IgG4-RKD and may cause acute or chronic renal dysfunction, although some glomerular lesions such as membranous nephropathy are sometimes evident. Radiologically, several characteristic abnormalities are often demonstrated, sometimes mimicking malignancies. IgG4-RKD predominantly affects middle-aged to elderly men, and most patients have accompanying IgG4-related extrarenal lesions such as sialadenitis, lymphadenopathy, or type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis. Serology usually demonstrates high levels of serum total IgG and IgG4, and high levels of serum IgE and hypocomplementemia are also frequent features. Corticosteroid therapy is usually quite effective, leading to amelioration of the renal dysfunction and radiological and serological abnormalities. However, as any delay in treatment may result in irreversible renal failure, early diagnosis and appropriate therapy are very important. Despite these distinctive clinicopathological features of IgG4-RKD, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Awareness of this condition and accumulation of more cases worldwide are necessary.

  4. VODENJE ROBOTSKEGA MEHANIZMA VIDA

    OpenAIRE

    Zupanec, Nejc

    2011-01-01

    V diplomskem delu je predstavljeno vodenje robotskega mehanizma vida, ki posnema delovanje človeškega vida in premike glave. Vsebuje postopek, kako nastaviti lastnosti karte NI-motion PCI-7354, aplikacijo za osnovne premike motorjev v programskem paketu LabView, postopek nastavljanja parametrov regulacije v skladu z zahtevami po prenihaju in nastavitvenim časom ter postopek za realizacijo dinamične analize mehanizma.

  5. O direito à vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Mendes Pereira Roberto

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Life is the basic property of the human being, because without the life, there is no way to talk about other rights, not even about the personality ones. According to this understanding, each single man has the right to the life, ie, the right to live, and not even it, he also has the right to a full and a dignified life, respect to their values and requirements. In this study, the start of the life to the Right is showed, as well its ending, with the death. Also, it is tried to elucidate the life as a primordial right of the personality, and the sanctions of even transgression.A Vida é o bem fundamental do ser humano, pois sem a vida, não há que se falar em outros direitos, nem mesmo os de personalidade. Com base nesse entendimento, todo o homem tem direito à vida, ou seja, o direito de viver e não apenas isso, tem o direito de uma vida plena e digna, respeito aos seus valores e necessidades. Procura-se, neste estudo, mostrar o início da vida para o Direito, bem como o seu fim, com a morte. Busca-se também elucidar a vida como direito primordial da personalidade, e as sanções de tal transgressão.

  6. Serum IgG2 and tissue IgG2 plasma cell elevation in orbital IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD): Potential use in IgG4-RD assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Anita S Y; Mudhar, Hardeep; Shen, Sunny Yu; Lang, Stephanie S; Fernando, Malee; Hilmy, Maryam Hazly; Guppy, Naomi Jayne; Rennie, Ian; Dunkley, Lisa; Al Jajeh, Issam

    2017-03-28

    To determine the role of serum and tissue IgG2 in orbital biopsies with the histological features of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) in comparison with non-IgG4-related orbital inflammatory disorders (OID), including autoimmune disorders. This is an international (Sheffield, UK, and Singapore) collaborative, retrospective case review of 69 patients (38 from Singapore National Eye Centre and 31 from Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield) with orbital inflammatory biopsies between 2002 and 2016. Clinical information and histology were reviewed and cases were classified into three groups: Group 1: IgG4-RD orbital inflammation (n=43); Group 2: idiopathic OID (n=12) and Group 3: autoimmune OID (n=14). Serum IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 levels were collated where available and immunohistochemistry (IHC) for tissue IgG2 plasma cells was performed. Dual IHC showed IgG2 plasma cells as a distinct population from IgG4 plasma cells. Significant (twofold) serum IgG2 elevation was noted among IgG4-RD (group 1), idiopathic (group 2) and autoimmune OID (group 3). Similarly, significant elevation of tissue IgG2 plasma cells was also seen among IgG4-RD (group 1), idiopathic and autoimmune OID (groups 2 and 3). Significant elevations of serum IgG2 and tissue IgG2 plasma cells are present in orbital IgG4-RD in comparison with non-IgG4 orbital inflammation (idiopathic and autoimmune OID), suggesting that IgG2 may play a role in IgG4-RD. A serum IgG2 cut-off >5.3 g/L was found to be 80% sensitive and 91.7% specific for orbital IgG4-RD, with an accuracy of 0.90. Tissue IgG2 and IgG4 subclass reporting may provide additional insight regarding the 'IgG4-RD' pathogenesis. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  7. Development of Fully Automated Determination of Marker-Specific Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Avidity Based on the Avidity Competition Assay Format: Application for Abbott Architect Cytomegalovirus and Toxo IgG Avidity Assays▿ †

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curdt, Ingo; Praast, Gerald; Sickinger, Eva; Schultess, Jan; Herold, Iris; Braun, Hans Bertram; Bernhardt, Stephanie; Maine, Gregory T.; Smith, Darwin D.; Hsu, Stephen; Christ, Heike M.; Pucci, Dominick; Hausmann, Michael; Herzogenrath, Jörg

    2009-01-01

    Determination of the avidity of immunoglobulin G (IgG) directed against a specific marker has become an established diagnostic tool for identifying or excluding acute infections with pathogens. A novel assay format termed AVIcomp (avidity competition based on mass action) circumventing the conventional chaotropic format has been developed for determination of the avidity of marker-specific IgG in patient specimens. Its applications for cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Toxoplasma gondii are presented. Specific high-avidity IgG from the patient specimen is selectively blocked using a soluble antigen in a sample pretreatment reagent, and the amount of remaining specific low-avidity IgG is determined relative to that in an untreated control. The comparison of the conventional chaotropic format, represented by the Radim CMV IgG Avidity assay, and the newly developed AVIcomp method, as exemplified by the Architect CMV IgG Avidity assay, on blood drawn within 4 months after seroconversion revealed a sensitivity of 100% (97.3% by an alternative calculation) for the AVIcomp format versus 87.5% (75.7% by an alternative calculation) for the chaotropic avidity assay. The specificity on 312 CMV IgG reactive and CMV IgM nonreactive specimens from pregnant women was 100% for the AVIcomp assay and 99.7% for the conventional avidity assay. The Architect Toxo IgG Avidity assay showed an agreement of 97.2% with the bioMérieux Vidas Toxo IgG Avidity Assay employing chaotropic reagents. These performance data suggest that the AVIcomp format shows superior sensitivity and equivalent specificity for the determination of IgG avidity to assays based on the chaotropic method and that the AVIcomp format may also be applicable to other disease states. PMID:19129411

  8. Cutoff Values of Serum IgG4 and Histopathological IgG4+ Plasma Cells for Diagnosis of Patients with IgG4-Related Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasufumi Masaki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease is a new disease classification established in Japan in the 21st century. Patients with IgG4-related disease display hyper-IgG4-gammaglobulinemia, massive infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells into tissue, and good response to glucocorticoids. Since IgG4 overexpression is also observed in other disorders, it is necessary to diagnose IgG4-related disease carefully and correctly. We therefore sought to determine cutoff values for serum IgG4 and IgG4/IgG and for IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cells in tissue diagnostic of IgG4-related disease. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed serum IgG4 concentrations and IgG4/IgG ratio and IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cell ratio in tissues of 132 patients with IgG4-related disease and 48 patients with other disorders. Result. Serum IgG4 >135  mg/dl demonstrated a sensitivity of 97.0% and a specificity of 79.6% in diagnosing IgG4-related disease, and serum IgG4/IgG ratios >8% had a sensitivity and specificity of 95.5% and 87.5%, respectively. IgG4+cell/IgG+ cell ratio in tissues >40% had a sensitivity and specificity of 94.4% and 85.7%, respectively. However, the number of IgG4+ cells was reduced in severely fibrotic parts of tissues. Conclusion. Although a recent unanimous consensus of all relevant researchers in Japan recently established the diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related disease, findings such as ours indicate that further discussion is needed.

  9. El tiempo en la vida humana. Disfrutar la vida.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Crehuet, José María

    2016-01-01

    La conciliación de la vida profesional, familiar y personal es una tarea que estará presente durante toda nuestra vida y no siempre será sencilla. En la medida en que descubramos el sentido de nuestra vida, identificando nuestra misión, el camino que hemos de recorrer y la meta a alcanzar, podremos priorizar e integrar los distintos roles que tenemos que ejercer disfrutando del tiempo de nuestra vida.

  10. Tu proyecto de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos, Georgina

    2012-01-01

    - Párrafo Inicial - Conociendo a Liliana N. - La intervención de la psicóloga Adriana - Tu proyecto de vida - Referencias - Notas de enseñanza o Resumen o Objetivos o Temas relacionados o Plan de aplicación para el aprendizaje o Análisis o Epílogo

  11. Histopathologie der IgG4-RD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Detlefsen, S; Klöppel, G

    2016-01-01

    ). As IgG4-RD responds well to steroid treatment but imitates a tumor in many organs, particularly in the pancreas, a biopsy for confirmation of the diagnosis is often warranted. The histological criteria for IgG4-RD as defined in 2011 are based on the following main features: 1) dense lymphoplasmacytic...

  12. Diagnostic Value of Serum IgG4 for IgG4-Related Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Hao, Mingju; Liu, Min; Fan, Gaowei; YANG, XIN; Li, Jinming

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Many studies about serum IgG4 for the diagnosis of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) have been reported. However, these studies had relatively small sample sizes and the diagnostic accuracy values varied much between them. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum IgG4 for IgG4-RD. We conducted a search of relevant articles using MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library databases published before December 2015. St...

  13. Comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umehara, Hisanori; Okazaki, Kazuichi; Masaki, Yasufumi; Kawano, Mitsuhiro; Yamamoto, Motohisa; Saeki, Takako; Matsui, Shoko; Yoshino, Tadashi; Nakamura, Shigeo; Kawa, Shigeyuki; Hamano, Hideaki; Kamisawa, Terumi; Shimosegawa, Toru; Shimatsu, Akira; Nakamura, Seiji; Ito, Tetsuhide; Notohara, Kenji; Sumida, Takayuki; Tanaka, Yoshiya; Mimori, Tsuneyo; Chiba, Tsutomu; Mishima, Michiaki; Hibi, Toshifumi; Tsubouchi, Hirohito; Inui, Kazuo; Ohara, Hirotaka

    2012-02-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a novel clinical disease entity characterized by elevated serum IgG4 concentration and tumefaction or tissue infiltration by IgG4+ plasma cells. Although IgG4-RD is not rare and is clinically important, its clinical diagnostic criteria have not been established. Comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD, including the involvement of various organs, are intended for the practical use of general physicians and nonspecialists. Two IgG4-RD study groups, the Umehara and Okazaki teams, were organized by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Japan. As IgG4-RD comprises a wide variety of diseases, these groups consist of physicians and researchers in various disciplines, including rheumatology, hematology, gastroenterology, nephrology, pulmonology, ophthalmology, odontology, pathology, statistics, and basic and molecular immunology throughout Japan, with 66 and 56 members of the Umehara and Okazaki teams, respectively. Collaborations of the two study groups involved detailed analyses of clinical symptoms, laboratory results, and biopsy specimens of patients with IgG4-RD, resulting in the establishment of comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD. Although many patients with IgG4-RD have lesions in several organs, either synchronously or metachronously, and the pathological features of each organ differ, consensus has been reached on two diagnostic criteria for IgG4RD: (1) serum IgG4 concentration >135 mg/dl, and (2) >40% of IgG+ plasma cells being IgG4+ and >10 cells/high powered field of biopsy sample. Although the comprehensive diagnostic criteria are not sufficiently sensitive for the diagnosis of type 1 IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis (IgG4-related AIP), they are adequately sensitive for IgG4-related Mikulicz's disease (MD) and kidney disease (KD). In addition, the comprehensive diagnostic criteria, combined with organ-specific diagnostic criteria, have increased the sensitivity of diagnosis to 100% for IgG4-related MD

  14. Toxoplasma-IgM and IgG-avidity in single samples from areas with a high infection rate can determine the risk of mother-to-child transmission Avidez de IgM e IgG de Toxoplasma em amostras de áreas com alta taxa de infecção pode determinar risco de transmissão materno-fetal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myrian Morussi Reis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Anti-Toxoplasma IgG-avidity was determined in 168 serum samples from IgG- and IgM-positive pregnant women at various times during pregnancy, in order to evaluate the predictive value for risk of mother-to-child transmission in a single sample, taking the limitations of conventional serology into account. The neonatal IgM was considered the serologic marker of transmission. Fluorometric tests for IgG, IgM (immunocapture and IgG-avidity were performed. Fifty-one of the 128 pregnant women tested gave birth in the hospital and neonatal IgM was obtained. The results showed 32 (62.75% pregnant women having high avidity, IgM indexes between 0.6 and 2.4, and no infected newborn. Nineteen (37.25% had low or inconclusive avidity, IgM indexes between 0.6 and 11.9, and five infected newborns and one stillbirth. In two infected newborns and the stillbirth maternal IgM indexes were low and in one infected newborn the only maternal parameter that suggested fetal risk was IgG-avidity. In the present study, IgG-avidity performed in single samples from positive IgM pregnant women helped to determine the risk of transmission at any time during pregnancy, especially when the indexes of the two tests were analysed with respect to gestational age. This model may be less expensive in developing countries where there is a high prevalence of infection than the follow-up of susceptible mothers until childbirth with monthly serology, and it creates a new perspective for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis.A avidez de IgG anti-Toxoplasma foi realizada em 168 amostras IgG e IgM positivas de gestantes, coletadas em qualquer período da gestação, para avaliar o valor preditivo do risco de transmissão materno-fetal em amostra única, considerando as limitações da sorologia convencional. A IgM neonatal foi considerada o marcador sorológico de transmissão. Testes fluorométricos foram realizados para IgG, IgM (imunocaptura e avidez de IgG. Cinqüenta e uma das 128

  15. Long-term sera storage does not significantly modify the interpretation of toxoplasmosis serologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dard, C; Bailly, S; Drouet, T; Fricker-Hidalgo, H; Brenier-Pinchart, M P; Pelloux, H

    2017-03-01

    Serological investigation of Toxoplasma gondii can answer many questions about toxoplasmosis in human pathology. Along these lines, studies on serum storage in biobanks need to be performed especially in terms of determining the impact of storage on relevance of sera analysis after freezing. This study assessed the impact of long-term sera storage on the stability of anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulins. The stability of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM was studied in 244 and 242 sera respectively, stored at -20°C from one month to ten years. ELISA-immunoassay (Vidas®, bioMérieux) was used for initial and post-storage analyses. Linear models for repeated measures and subgroup analyses were performed to assess the effect of storage duration and sample characteristics on immunoglobulins stability. Until ten years, the variability attributed to storage (maximum 8.07% for IgG, 13.17% for IgM) was below the variations inherent to the serological technique and allowed by quality assurance systems (15%). Subgroup analysis reported no variation attributed to sera storage. Serological interpretation was modified for 3 sera (1.2%) tested for IgM, all stored more than seven years. Anti-Toxoplasma immunoglobulins can reliably be measured for at least up to six years of storage with no modification of interpretation of toxoplasmosis serologies. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Adverse effects of IgG therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Melvin

    2013-01-01

    IgG is widely used for patients with immune deficiencies and in a broad range of autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. Up to 40% of intravenous infusions of IgG may be associated with adverse effects (AEs), which are mostly uncomfortable or unpleasant but often are not serious. The most common infusion-related AE is headache. More serious reactions, including true anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reactions, occur less frequently. Most reactions are related to the rate of infusion and can be prevented or treated just by slowing the infusion rate. Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antihistamines, or corticosteroids also may be helpful in preventing or treating these common AEs. IgA deficiency with the potential of IgG or IgE antibodies against IgA increases the risk of some AEs but should not be viewed as a contraindication if IgG therapy is needed. Potentially serious AEs include renal dysfunction and/or failure, thromboembolic events, and acute hemolysis. These events usually are multifactorial, related to combinations of constituents in the IgG product as well as risk factors for the recipient. Awareness of these factors should allow minimization of the risks and consequences of these AEs. Subcutaneous IgG is absorbed more slowly into the circulation and has a lower incidence of AEs, but awareness and diligence are necessary whenever IgG is administered. Copyright © 2013 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. The VIDA programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente; Iannone, Rosa Lisa

    This case study describes the VIDA programme (knowledge-based efforts for socially disadvantaged children in daycare), an innovative professional development programme for those working with 3-6-year-old children in Denmark. The case study is part of WP3’s work on ‘Professional Development: Impact...... and Innovation’ within the project ‘Curriculum Quality Analysis and Impact Review of European Education and Care’ (CARE). The programme at the centre of this case builds on theory drawn from research on child development, social disadvantage related to issues of social inequality, and research on organisational...... programme period (2010-2013) and beyond?; 2) What is the impact of the VIDA approach to professional development on i) educators’ practices regarding high quality ECEC (output), ii) child outcomes (outcome), and iii) improved practice at the municipal level (impact in a broader sense)?; and 3) Which factors...

  18. La vida universitaria

    OpenAIRE

    INCOLDA

    2010-01-01

    Cuando ingreses a la universidad, se presentará un cambio considerable en tu estilo de vida. Si inicias esta etapa con la misma mentalidad del bachillerato, corres el peligro de enfrentarte a un fracaso. Todo cambia. Ya no tienes tareas semejantes a aquellas del colegio. Si no estudias por tu propia iniciativa, nadie se dará cuenta sino hasta cuando se publiquen las notas de los exámenes y ya no hay nada para hacer

  19. Early neonatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis: value of comparative enzyme-linked immunofiltration assay immunological profiles and anti-Toxoplasma gondii immunoglobulin M (IgM) or IgA immunocapture and implications for postnatal therapeutic strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinon, J M; Chemla, C; Villena, I; Foudrinier, F; Aubert, D; Puygauthier-Toubas, D; Leroux, B; Dupouy, D; Quereux, C; Talmud, M; Trenque, T; Potron, G; Pluot, M; Remy, G; Bonhomme, A

    1996-01-01

    Diagnostic strategies for congenital toxoplasmosis have changed profoundly in recent years. Immunological diagnostic methods, long considered disappointing, can now be used at a very early stage. Over a 3-year period, 1,050 infants at risk of congenital toxoplasmosis (born to 1,048 mothers infected during pregnancy) were monitored for a minimum of 12 months and a maximum of 7 years. More than 6,000 serum specimens were analyzed by comparative mother-infant immunological profiles (CIPs) based on an enzyme-linked immunofiltration assay (ELIFA) and an immunocapture method for the detection of specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgA. IgG antibodies were also titrated. One hundred three cases of congenital toxoplasmosis were demonstrated. The CIP-ELIFA method had a better diagnostic yield (sensitivity, 90%) than specific IgM and/or IgA detection by immunocapture assay (sensitivity, 77%). By using a combination of these tests, congenital infection was diagnosed in the first month and the first 3 months of life in 90 and 94% of infants with toxoplasmosis, respectively, with a specificity of 99.8% and a positive predictive value of 99% at 8 months of age. This dual diagnostic approach (ELIFA and IgM-IgA immunocapture) is highly efficient and has important implications for therapy. Indeed, early postnatal diagnosis based on objective evidence enables therapy with pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine to be started immediately for 24 months, while spiramycin (which used to be given preventively for 9 to 12 months to all infants at risk) can be stopped after the first 3 months of life. PMID:8904418

  20. Chronic glomerulonephritis associated with IgG subclass deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamei, Koichi; Nakagawa, Atsuko; Otsuka, Yasufumi; Nakayama, Makiko; Kobayashi, Shinichi; Matsuoka, Kentaro; Iijima, Kazumoto

    2007-08-01

    We experienced two patients with IgG subclass deficiency who suffered from chronic glomerulonephritis (GN). Patient 1 was a 17-year-old girl with IgG subclass deficiency (combined deficiency of IgG2 and IgG4). Renal biopsy was performed when she was aged 16 years, and she was diagnosed with membranoproliferative GN. Patient 2 was a 16-year-old girl with IgG subclass deficiency (combined deficiency of IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4). Renal biopsy was performed when she was aged 15 years, and she was diagnosed with membranous nephropathy. We examined the glomerular deposition patterns of their IgG subclasses. Furthermore, we compared their clinical and laboratory findings with those of three patients with IgG subclass deficiency without GN. Patients with GN suffered infections more frequently than those without GN. The serum levels of IgG (especially IgG1) and IgM were higher in patients with GN than in those without GN. In patient 1 IgG1 and IgG3 were deposited in a mesangiocapillary pattern, but, in patient 2, only IgG1 was deposited in a capillary pattern. Thus, the different patterns of IgG subclass deficiency between the two patients may be responsible for their different glomerular pathologies. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of chronic GN in patients with IgG subclass deficiency.

  1. Estadios de la vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Londoño Alvarez

    1966-10-01

    Full Text Available Cada obra de arte presupone un hombre que la ha creado. Un hombre con todo lo que posee de aptitudes para su oficio y de fuerza interna de visión; un hombre formado por sus ascendientes, su generación, su pueblo, su nación y su raza; un hombre que nació en el estilo de su época y que vive en el estadio de la vida que el curso natural de las cosas le depara.

  2. Laboratory evaluation of the new Access ® cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin IgM and IgG assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlier, Pol; Harika, Nawal; Bailly, Ronald; Vranken, Guido

    2010-11-01

    Reliable laboratory methods for detecting congenital CMV infection are valuable since CMV infections are asymptomatic and because early detection is important for correct management and counseling of expectant mothers. Compare the Beckman Coulter Access(®) method for the Unicel(®) DxI 800 analyzer with the bioMérieux VIDAS(®) method for two serological markers: CMV IgG and CMV IgM. Precision was determined with CLSI EP5-A2 protocol. Linearity of the Access CMV IgG was evaluated using selected high positive samples. Performance was assessed by testing non-selected pregnant women, frozen negative and positive samples with recent and old infections. Kinetics of the anti-CMV antibodies response was studied using samples from pregnant women with a recent infection. In a prospective study, 3992 pregnant women were screened for determining prevalence of a primo-infection and CMV IgM non-specific rate. Total CV is lower than 10% and 12% for Access CMV IgG and CMV IgM. The IgG method is linear (R(2)=0.999) with recoveries between 85% and 108%. Correlation between Access and VIDAS CMV IgG is highly significant (P<0.001). Observed agreement was 97.4% for CMV IgG and 93.7% for CMV IgM. Relative sensitivity and specificity was 97.2% and 100% for IgG and 100% and 97.4% for IgM. Kinetics of the antibody response measured with Access methods is significantly higher (P<0.02) when compared with VIDAS and probably easier to interpret. Prevalence of a recent infection was 0.85% and CMV IgM non-specific rate was 2.9%. Good sensitivity and specificity and pronounced anti-CMV antibody response make the Access CMV IgG and IgM tests suitable for screening prenatal CMV infections. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Ocorrência de anticorpos anti-Toxoplasma gondii em aves silvestres de três Unidades de Conservação Federais da Paraíba e da Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leontina H.M. Andrade

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A vigilância e monitoramento de doenças em animais silvestres são imprescindíveis no contexto ambiental e de saúde pública, pois estes animais agem como sentinelas, refletindo alterações ambientais precocemente, o que proporciona maior eficácia no monitoramento ambiental e permite o acesso rápido a informações sobre as condições da área. Neste contexto, as aves são importantes no ciclo biológico do Toxoplasma gondii e na epidemiologia da toxoplasmose, principalmente porque seus tecidos representam importantes fontes de proteína na alimentação de felídeos e humanos. Objetivou-se detectar anticorpos anti-T. gondii, por meio do teste de aglutinação modificada em aves silvestres de três Unidades de Conservação (UC Federais dos Estados da Paraíba e Bahia. No período de dezembro de 2011 a outubro de 2013 foram capturadas com redes de neblina 222 aves silvestres pertencentes a 67 espécies, 27 famílias e 12 ordens. Após a captura, foi colhido sangue de cada animal e separado o soro, que foi submetido ao Teste de Aglutinação Modificada (MAT≥1:25 utilizando taquizoítos inativados na formalina e 2-mercaptoetanol. Dentre as 222 amostras analisadas, três (1,3% foram sororreagentes: 1 de 16 (6,2% pipira-preta Tachyphonus rufus (título 50, 1 de 5 (20% juriti-gemedeira Leptotila rufaxilla (título 50 e 1 de 1 (100% caneleiro-enxofre Casiornis fuscus (título 25. Este é o primeiro relato da ocorrência de anticorpos anti-T. gondii nas referidas espécies de aves silvestres de vida livre nas duas UC Federais estudadas.

  4. IgG4 related sclerosing mastitis: expanding the morphological spectrum of IgG4 related diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chougule, Abhijit; Bal, Amanjit; Das, Ashim; Singh, Gurpreet

    2015-01-01

    IgG4 related disease (IgG4RD) is a recently recognised condition characterised by mass forming lesions associated with storiform fibrosis, obliterative phlebitis, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4 positive plasma cells and elevated serum IgG4 levels. Although rare, mammary involvement has been reported as IgG4 related sclerosing mastitis, the morphological counterpart of a growing family of IgG4 related diseases. A total of 17 cases belonging to mass forming benign inflammatory breast lesions such as plasma cell mastitis, granulomatous lobular mastitis, non-specific mastitis and inflammatory pseudotumour were investigated as a possible member of IgG4 related sclerosing mastitis. Clinical, radiological, histopathological and immunohistochemistry findings were noted in all cases. Cases diagnosed as inflammatory pseudotumour showed all the histopathological features of IgG4RD along with increased number of IgG4 positive plasma cells and IgG4/IgG ratio >40%. However, only a few IgG4 positive cells were seen in plasma cell mastitis, granulomatous lobular mastitis and non-specific mastitis cases. These cases also did not fulfill the morphological criteria for the diagnosis of IgG4 related diseases. IgG4RD should be excluded in plasma cell rich lesions diagnosed on core biopsies by IgG4 immunostaining. This can avoid unnecessary surgery as IgG4 related diseases respond to simple and effective steroid treatment.

  5. IgG4-related kidney disease--A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Dinesh; Pattnaik, Niharika; Silowash, Russell; Mohanty, Sambit Kumar

    2015-10-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized systemic autoimmune disorder characterized by high levels of serum IgG4 and dense infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells in multiple organs. The condition was first described as a disease of the pancreas, and has since been recognized in various organ systems including the kidneys. IgG4 related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) signifies any form of renal involvement by IgG4-RD. The most common renal involvement by IgG4-RD is tubulointerstitial nephritis. Glomerular disease, in particular membranous glomerulonephritis, may also be seen. Other co-existent glomerular diseases such as IgA nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and mesangioproliferative immune complex glomerulonephritis may be identified. IgG4-related plasma cell arteritis has also been noted in the kidney. As with IgG4-RD in general, IgG4 related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) usually occurs in middle-aged to elderly men. Common findings in IgG4-RKD are plasma cell-rich interstitial inflammatory infiltrate either in a focal or diffuse pattern with increased IgG4+ plasma cells, expansile swirling interstitial fibrosis, high levels of serum IgG and IgG4, hypocomplementemia, high serum IgE levels and/or peripheral blood eosinophilia. By immunofluorescence, most of the cases show IgG4 dominant tubular basement membrane immune complex deposits. Similar to IgG4-RD, IgG4-RKD often shows a rapid response to steroid therapy. In this review, we discuss the current knowledge on IgG4-RKD and its clinical relevance. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  6. Avidity of IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigens of Toxoplasma gondii: immunological marker for acute recent toxoplasmosis Avidez de anticorpos IgG anti-antígeno de secreção e excreção de Toxoplasma gondii: marcador imunológico de toxoplasmose aguda recente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Regina Barboza Araújo

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Detection of anti-toxoplasma IgM antibodies has frequently been used as a serological marker for diagnosing recently acquired toxoplasmosis. However, the persistence of these antibodies in some patients has complicated the interpretation of serological results when toxoplasmosis is suspected. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the avidity of IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigens of Toxoplasma gondii by means of immunoblot, to establish a profile for acute recent infection in a single serum sample and confirm the presence of residual IgM antibodies obtained in automated assays. When we evaluated the avidity of IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigens of Toxoplasma gondii by means of immunoblot, we observed phase-specific reactivity, i.e. cases of acute recent toxoplasmosis presented low avidity and cases of non-acute recent toxoplasmosis presented high avidity towards the 30kDa protein fraction, which probably corresponds to the SAG-1 surface antigen. Our results suggest that the avidity of IgG antibodies against excreted/secreted antigens of Toxoplasma gondii is an important immunological marker for distinguishing between recent infections and for determining the presence of residual IgM antibodies obtained from automated assays.A detecção de anticorpos IgM antitoxoplasma tem sido freqüentemente utilizada como marcador sorológico para o diagnóstico de toxoplasmose de aquisição recente. Entretanto, a persistência destes anticorpos em alguns pacientes tem complicado a interpretação dos resultados sorológicos quando a toxoplasmose é suspeitada. A proposta deste trabalho foi avaliar a avidez de anticorpos IgG contra antígenos de secreção e excreção de Toxoplasma gondii por immunoblot, para estabelecer um perfil de infecção recente aguda em uma única amostra de soro e confirmar a presença de anticorpos IgM residuais obtidos nos testes automatizados. Quando a avidez de anticorpos IgG contra ant

  7. Inhibition of complement activation by IgG4 antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Zee, J S; van Swieten, P; Aalberse, R C

    1986-05-01

    Prolonged exposure to antigens may result in high IgG4 antibody titres as was shown in a previous paper (Aalberse et al., 1983b). In novice bee keepers, a shift in the IgG1/IgG4 ratio of the response against phospholipase-A (PLA; a major component of bee venom) occurred. This resulted in an IgG4-dominated response after approximately 2 years of bee-keeping experience. Subject of the present study was the influence of relatively high concentrations of IgG4 antibodies on the biological activity of immune complexes. In the PLA antigen model, it was demonstrated that IgG4-containing immune complexes do not activate complement and that IgG4 antibodies effectively inhibit immune precipitation and complement activation by IgG1 antibodies. Evidence is provided that IgG4 antibodies inhibit binding of C1q to IgG1 in mixed, IgG1- and IgG4-containing complexes. It is proposed that IgG4 antibodies protect against the biological effects of the complement-fixing IgG subclasses. For this reason, determination of the total IgG response or just determination of antibody activity in the complement-fixing isotypes is insufficient in immune-complex diseases. The modulating effect of the non-complement-fixing isotypes should be taken into account to predict the biological activity of the immune complexes.

  8. Cholangiocarcinoma with respect to IgG4 Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenichi Harada

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4 reactions marked by infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells in affected organs occur in cancer patients and in patients with IgG4-related diseases. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas including gall bladder cancer are often accompanied by significant IgG4 reactions; these reactions show a negative correlation with CD8-positive cytotoxic T cells, suggesting that the evasion of immune surveillance is associated with cytotoxic T cells. The regulatory cytokine IL-10 may induce IgG4-positive plasma cell differentiation or promote B cell switching to IgG4 in the presence of IL-4. Cholangiocarcinoma cells may function as nonprofessional antigen presenting cells that indirectly induce IgG4 reactions via the IL-10-producing cells and/or these may act as Foxp3-positive and IL-10-producing cells that directly induce IgG4 reactions. Moreover, IgG4-related disease is a high-risk factor for cancer development; IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC cases associated with cholangiocarcinoma or its precursor lesion biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN have been reported. IgG4-positive cell infiltration is an important finding of IgG4-SC but is not a histological hallmark of IgG4-SC. For the diagnosis of IgG4-SC, its differentiation from cholangiocarcinoma remains important.

  9. IgG4-associated cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nath, Vikas; Lewin, Jack; Subramony, Charu; Shenoy, Veena

    2014-12-01

    We report a young female patient with IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC) who presented with common bile duct (CBD) stricture and review the features that distinguish IAC from both primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and other types of secondary sclerosing cholangitis (SSC). IAC is a biliary manifestation of IgG4-related sclerosing disease, an autoimmune condition characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and infiltrates containing lymphocytes and IgG4-positive plasma cells, accompanied by sclerosis. On endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, IAC consists of segmental biliary strictures with a predilection for the distal CBD, whereas in PSC the strictures are more band-like; other types of SSC often demonstrate unifocal ductal obstructions, sometimes associated with choleliths. On histologic examination, the bile duct wall in IAC contains a denser lymphocytic infiltrate and sparser sclerosis than in PSC; other types of SSC can be distinguished histologically by the types of inflammatory cells present. Unlike those of PSC, IAC-related strictures are reversible with corticosteroids.

  10. Escrever a vida, o texto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Adriano Elias Soares

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Viver e escrever são duas tarefas quase impossíveis de se abarcar somente pela aprendizagem, pois sempre há, diante do leitor, o desafio e a possibilidade de aprender e crescer, crescer e aprender. Através da reescrita, da vida, dos textos, vive-se mais e melhor. Em O Texto, ou: a Vida, Moacyr Scliar guia o leitor pela narrativa de seus setenta anos de vida e seus, também, mais de setenta livros publicados. Um processo contínuo de ouvinte e contador, de aprendiz e de feiticeiro das palavras.

  11. Hubungan IgG (IgG1 Dan IgG2) Dengan Stadium Dalam Penanggulangan Karsinoma Payudara

    OpenAIRE

    Hutagalung, Humala Nagatua

    2006-01-01

    In breast cancer the stage (TNM) determines the treatment as well as the prognosis. The transformation of a normal cell to a malignancy can result that the tumors express the antigens (unique tumor-specific antigens and tumors associated antigens ) which permit the immunologic reaction. Serologic analysis of antibody responses (IgG and subclasses) may be much more common. The objective of the study is 1. to analyse whether there is a relationship between the stages and the shift of th...

  12. IgG abnormality in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia.

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    Susumu Tanaka

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A close association between narcolepsy and the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA-DQB1*0602 allele suggests the involvement of the immune system, or possibly an autoimmune process. We investigated serum IgG levels in narcolepsy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We measured the serum total IgG levels in 159 Japanese narcolepsy-cataplexy patients positive for the HLA-DQB1*0602 allele, 28 idiopathic hypersomnia patients with long sleep time, and 123 healthy controls (the HLA-DQB1*0602 allele present in 45 subjects. The serum levels of each IgG subclass were subsequently measured. The distribution of serum IgG was significantly different among healthy controls negative for the HLA-DQB1*0602 allele (11.66+/-3.55 mg/ml, healthy controls positive for the HLA-DQB1*0602 allele (11.45+/-3.43, narcolepsy patients (9.67+/-3.38, and idiopathic hypersomnia patients (13.81+/-3.80. None of the following clinical variables, age, disease duration, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, smoking habit and BMI at the time of blood sampling, were associated with IgG levels in narcolepsy or idiopathic hypersomnia. Furthermore we found the decrease in IgG1 and IgG2 levels, stable expression of IgG3, and the increase in the proportion of IgG4 in narcolepsy patients with abnormally low IgG levels. The increase in the proportion of IgG4 levels was also found in narcolepsy patients with normal serum total IgG levels. Idiopathic hypersomnia patients showed a different pattern of IgG subclass distribution with high IgG3 and IgG4 level, low IgG2 level, and IgG1/IgG2 imbalance. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our study is the first to determine IgG abnormalities in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia by measuring the serum IgG levels in a large number of hypersomnia patients. The observed IgG abnormalities indicate humoral immune alterations in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia. Different IgG profiles suggest immunological differences between narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia.

  13. Frequency of IgG antibodies against-Toxoplasma gondii in sera of stray dogs in the city of Salvador-Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Fróes Barbosa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O Toxoplasma gondii é um coccídio intestinal intracelular obrigatório dos felídeos, de distribuição cosmopolita, descoberto em 1908 por Nicolle & Manceaux. O primeiro relato na espécie canina ocorreu em 1910, na Itália e, no Brasil em 1911. Objetivando-se avaliar a freqüência deste parasito, na população de cães errantes da cidade de Salvador-Ba, foram coletadas 225 amostras de sangue, de animais provenientes de 10 distritos sanitários. Os soros foram submetidos a reação de imunofluorescência indireta (RIFI para detecção de anticorpos IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii, utilizando-se a cepa AS28. Foram detectados 143 amostras positivas, representando uma freqüência de 63,55.00%. As freqüências nos distritos sanitários foram as seguintes: Itapagipe 33,33%; São Caetano/Valéria 46,15.00%; Brotas 42,11%; Barra/Rio Vermelho 64,28%; Boca do Rio 80,00%; Itapuã 65,38%; Cabula/Beiru 80,64%; Pau da Lima 73,91%; Cajazeiras 64,70% e Subúrbio Ferroviário 73,33%. Os títulos encontrados variaram de 1:16 à 1:16384, sendo 1:16 (28,67%, 1:64 (44,76%, 1:256 (21,68%, 1:1024 (4,20% e 1:16384 (0,70%. Dos 123 machos e 102 fêmeas, 67,48% e 58,82% foram sororeagentes, respectivamente. Com relação à idade, dos 198 adultos e 27 jovens, 70,20% e 14,80% apresentaram-se soropositivos, respectivamente. As variáveis idade e distrito sanitário apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,05.

  14. Inhibition of complement activation by IgG4 antibodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, J. S.; van Swieten, P.; Aalberse, R. C.

    1986-01-01

    Prolonged exposure to antigens may result in high IgG4 antibody titres as was shown in a previous paper (Aalberse et al., 1983b). In novice bee keepers, a shift in the IgG1/IgG4 ratio of the response against phospholipase-A (PLA; a major component of bee venom) occurred. This resulted in an

  15. Asma y deficiencia de subclases de IgG Asthma and IgG subclases deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Santamaría Ortiz

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se estudiaron 45 pacientes asmáticos adultos de difícil manejo, de más de 5 años de evolución, 37 de ellos esteroide dependientes y 8 no dependientes, con asma alérgica o intrínseca y algunos con Infecciones respiratorias recurrentes de predominio viral. Por nefelometría se midieron los niveles séricos de las IgsG, M y A, y por ELISA se determinó la IgE total. Se encontraron 4 pacientes con deficiencia de IgG total, en el grupo de los esteroide dependientes. Mediante ELISA tipo sandwich y con anticuerpos monoclonales específicos para las sub clases de IgG se investigaron los niveles sé ricos de IgG1, 2, 3 y 4. En el 55.6% de los enfermos se encontraron una O más deficiencias de sub clases. No hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos esteroide y no esteroide dependientes, ni entre los asmáticos alérgicos e intrínsecos, ni entre los con infección recurrente o sin ella. predominó la deficiencia de IgG1; en total el 46.7% de los pacientes tenían deficiencia aislada o combinada de IgG1, el 31.1% de IgG2, el 24.4% de IgG3 y el 17.8% de Igd4. La alta incidencia de deficiencia de sub clases podría deberse a la acción de los esteroides o a una alteración en la regulación de la síntesis de Igs producida por un defecto Inmune primario. Esta deficiencia sería la responsable del comportamiento agresivo de la enfermedad.

    We studied 45 adult asthmatic patients with difficult to care disease and who had more than five years of evolution; they suffered from elther allergic or intrinsic asthma and some had experienced recurrent respiratory tract infections. predominantly of viral etiology. Serum levels of IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by nephelometry and total lgE was determined by an Enzyme-Linked immunosorbent Assay (ELISA. Total lg

  16. Clinically Available Medicines Demonstrating Anti-Toxoplasma Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neville, Andrew J.; Zach, Sydney J.; Wang, Xiaofang; Larson, Joshua J.; Judge, Abigail K.; Davis, Lisa A.; Vennerstrom, Jonathan L.

    2015-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan parasite of humans and other mammals, including livestock and companion animals. While chemotherapeutic regimens, including pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine regimens, ameliorate acute or recrudescent disease such as toxoplasmic encephalitis or ocular toxoplasmosis, these drugs are often toxic to the host. Moreover, no approved options are available to treat infected women who are pregnant. Lastly, no drug regimen has shown the ability to eradicate the chronic stage of infection, which is characterized by chemoresistant intracellular cysts that persist for the life of the host. In an effort to promote additional chemotherapeutic options, we now evaluate clinically available drugs that have shown efficacy in disease models but which lack clinical case reports. Ideally, less-toxic treatments for the acute disease can be identified and developed, with an additional goal of cyst clearance from human and animal hosts. PMID:26392504

  17. REGRA, VIDA, FORMA DE VIDA: INVESTIDA DE GIORGIO AGAMBEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Arruda Nascimento

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Acompanhando a nova investida de Giorgio Agamben coma publicação de Altissima povertà: regole monastiche e forma divita, livro que inaugura a quarta e definitiva parte de seu projetofilosófico denominado genericamente de Homo sacer, tem opresente trabalho como linha mestra o exame da evolução da noçãode vida nua, pela interposição de um novo propósito conceitual:forma de vida. Trata-se de identificar um tipo de vida que se vinculatão estreitamente à sua forma que resulta inseparável dela. Trata-setambém de refletir, agora sobre o pano de fundo da tradição teóricade orientação franciscana, a relação entre vida e direito, penetrandoum pouco mais no ponto de intersecção entre o modelo jurídicoinstitucionale o modelo biopolítico do poder, aproximando-nos deassinaturas que permitam uma melhor visualização daspossibilidades quando se cuida de tornar inoperantes dispositivos dedomínio.

  18. Development of an IgG4-RD Responder Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carruthers, Mollie N; Stone, John H; Deshpande, Vikram; Khosroshahi, Arezou

    2012-01-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multiorgan inflammatory disease in which diverse organ manifestations are linked by common histopathological and immunohistochemical features. Prospective studies of IgG4-RD patients are required to clarify the natural history, long-term prognosis, and treatment approaches in this recently recognized condition. Patients with IgG4-RD have different organ manifestations and are followed by multiple specialties. Divergent approaches to the assessment of patients can complicate the interpretation of studies, emphasizing the critical need for validated outcome measures, particularly assessments of disease activity and response to treatment. We developed a prototype IgG4-RD Responder Index (IgG4-RD RI) based on the approach used in the development of the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's granulomatosis (BVAS/WG). The IgG4-RD RI was refined by members of the International IgG4-RD Symposium Organizing Committee in a paper case exercise. The revised instrument was applied retrospectively to fifteen IgG4-RD patients at our institution. Those scores were compared to physician's global assessment scale for the same visits. This paper describes the philosophy and goals of the IgG4-RD RI, the steps in the development of this instrument to date, and future plans for validation of this instrument as an outcome measure.

  19. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass deficiency in Thai children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visitsunthorn, Nualanong; Hengcrawit, Wiriya; Jirapongsananuruk, Orathai; Luangwedchakam, Voravich

    2011-12-01

    Patients with Immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass deficiency may suffer from recurrent infections, mainly sino-pulmonary infection. To determine the epidemiology of IgG subclass deficiency in Thai children at a tertiary care hospital and to compare the differences between children who were diagnosed with IgG subclass deficiency by using low level criteria [less than 2 standard deviation (SD) of normal levels for age] and by using low percentage criteria (proportion of each IgG subclasses/total IgG). The study was a descriptive study of 55 children up to 15 years old with recurrent infections diagnosed as having IgG subclass deficiency but no acquired or other primary immune deficiencies except for IgA and/or IgM deficiency. Isolated IgG3 subclass deficiency was the most common IgG subclass deficiency (56.4%). IgG3 subclass deficiency, either isolated or combined with other IgG subclass deficiency, was found in 85.5% of the cases. The common age of onset was between birth and five years of age. The most common presenting symptom was recurrent sinusitis (83.6%). Majority of the cases (89.3%) were diagnosed by low percentage criteria while 12.7% were diagnosed by low level criteria. All cases with low levels of IgG subclass antibodies also had low percentages. There were no statistically significant differences in the clinical manifestations and management methods between the children who were diagnosed by low level and low percentage. IgG3 subclass deficiency was the most common IgG subclass deficiency in Thai children. The most common presenting symptom was recurrent sinusitis. Although the diagnosis could be made in the patients with recurrent upper respiratory infection by using low level criteria, but the diagnosis should be considered when the low percentage criteria are met.

  20. VIDA I København

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    Konklusion og perspektiver Samlet set kan det konkluderes, at ny viden fra VIDA i København-uddannelsen er blevet implementeret i fornyelse af praksisser i en stor del af institutionerne, hovedsageligt, som det er nævnt, som det kommer til udtryk på lederniveau. Det er især principperne om...... refleksion, systematik og håndtering af viden, der synes at være slået igennem. I forhold til princippet om organisatorisk læring peger analysen på, at der kan være en række udfordringer i flere institutioner i forhold til at ”formidle”, dele og ”sælge” VIDA-modellen og VIDA i København-viden til den samlede...... har endvidere givet et indblik i, hvilke faktorer der kan virke henholdsvis styrkende og hæmmende i et projektforløb som VIDA i København. Her har det vist sig, at tid, ledelse, struktur og rutiner i den organisatoriske praksis spiller en rolle som mulige hindringer, men også, at der hvor det ser ud...

  1. TOXOPLASMA AND VIRAL ANTIBODIES AMONG HIV PATIENTS AND INMATES IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Yulia; Haryati, Sri; Raharjo, Irvan; Prasetyo, Afiono Agung

    2015-11-01

    In Indonesia, Toxoplasma and its associations with blood-borne viruses have been poorly studied. In order to study the association between anti-Toxoplasma antibodies and blood-borne viral antibodies, blood samples from 497 participants (375 inmates from four prisons in Central Java, Indonesia and 122 HIV patients at a Voluntary Counseling and Testing Clinic in Surakarta, Indonesia) were tested for serological markers of Toxoplasma, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) and human T-lymphotropic virus types I and II (HTLV-1/2). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM positivity rates were 41.6% and 3.6%, respectively. One point two percent of participants was positive for both anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies. Sixteen point five percent, 11.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% of participants were positive for anti- Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HCV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with anti-HIV antibodies, anti-Toxoplasma IgM combined with anti-HIV antibodes and anti-Toxoplasma IgG combined with both anti-HIV and anti-HCV antibodies, respectively. Anti-Toxoplasma IgM seropositivity was associated with anti-HIV (aOR = 4.3; 95% CI: 1.112-16.204, p = 0.034). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were associated with anti-HCV (aOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.749-4.538, p < 0.001) and history of injection drug use (aOR = 3.1; 95% CI: 1.905-5.093, p < 0.001). In conclusion, we recommend patients with HIV, HCV infection and injection drug users should be screened for Toxoplasma infection in Indonesia.

  2. Búsqueda de vida en Marte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Navarro-González

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La misión astrobiológica más importante que se ha realizado hasta la fecha ha sido sin duda el proyecto Vikingo de la NASA. Esta misión consistió en tres experimentos biológicos especialmente diseñados para la búsqueda de indicadores de vida en las capas superficiales del suelo marciano. Los tres experimentos dieron resultados positivos. Sin embargo, el análisis de materia orgánica en el suelo marciano demostró la ausencia total de carbono orgánico. Este hallazgo fue utilizado como uno de los argumentos más sólidos en contra de la existencia de vida en la superficie del planeta Marte. Como preparación para futuras misiones a Marte en búsqueda de vida es necesario probar los instrumentos en localidades terrestres que pudieran ser ambientes análogos a Marte. Uno de los desiertos más áridos del planeta es el de Atacama, en el norte de Chile. Estudios químicos y microbiológicos del suelo de Atacama sugieren que el corazón del desierto es en realidad un buen análogo de Marte, ya que no posee vida macroscópica y microscópica, tiene niveles muy bajos de materia orgánica, y sus suelos son muy reactivos. En colaboración con científicos franceses y estadounidenses, estamos preparando una misión robótica dirigida por la NASA para la búsqueda de vida pasada o presente en Marte por lo que el Desierto de Atacama en Chile es el escenario para la preparación de esta misión espacial.

  3. con mala calidad de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Martín-Rodríguez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio ex post facto se ha analizado si los familiares de pacientes con mala calidad de vida presentan diferencias en las variables clínicas de personalidad y relaciones familiares en función de que el paciente haya estado o no ingresado en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Seleccionamos dos grupos: 29 familiares de pacientes traumatizados graves transcurridos cuatro años de su ingreso en una UCI de Traumatología y con mala calidad de vida (debido a secuelas físicas y/o psicológicas tras el ingreso, tales como traumatismos craneoencefálicos, politraumatismos y tetraplejias traumáticas y 32 familiares de pacientes con mala calidad de vida con cuatro años de evolución de su enfermedad física (hipertensión, diabetes, artritis reumatoide y síndrome de intestino irritable que no han estado ingresados en la UCI. Para alcanzar nuestro objetivo empleamos una Encuesta Psicosocial y los siguientes instrumentos: Cuestionario de Análisis Clínico, Escala de Clima Social en la Familia y Escala de Adaptación Psicosocial de la Enfermedad. Los resultados mostraron que los familiares de pacientes con mala calidad de vida que estuvieron ingresados en la UCI hace cuatro años, presentan diferencias significativas en las variables agitación y expresividad comparados con los familiares de pacientes con mala calidad de vida que no han estado ingresados en la UCI.

  4. Calidad de vida de los pacientes con inmunodeficiencias primarias de anticuerpos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Muriel-Vizcaíno

    2016-02-01

    análisis de covarianza. Se incluyeron 28 pacientes. La mediana de edad fue 5 años y 5 meses. Resultados: el promedio de edad al diagnóstico fue de 6 años con 3 meses. La mediana de retraso diagnóstico fue de 3 años 3 meses. El promedio de calidad de vida en los pacientes fue de 74.1 (DE ± 13.8 y de 83.3 (DE ± 10.1 para los controles (p = 0.005. La relación entre calidad de vida, retraso diagnóstico y presencia de complicaciones se analizó mediante un modelo lineal que fue marginalmente significativo (p = 0.056. Se encontró correlación negativa entre concentraciones de IgG en el último año y la calidad de vida. Se observó que, en los pacientes que presentaban bronquiectasias, conforme aumentan los años de retraso en el diagnóstico la calidad de vida disminuye de forma significativa (p = 0.007. Conclusiones: consideramos necesario evaluar la calidad de vida para conocer el estado de salud de los pacientes con inmunodeficiencias primarias y para su seguimiento durante el tratamiento con el objeto de incidir no sólo en la reducción del número de infecciones, hospitalizaciones y complicaciones, sino también en la mejoría de su calidad de vida. Deberá diseñarse un instrumento específico para evaluar la calidad de vida de los pacientes con inmunodeficiencias primarias.

  5. Epitope-Specific Suppression of IgG Responses by Passively Administered Specific IgG: Evidence of Epitope Masking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergström, Joakim J E; Xu, Hui; Heyman, Birgitta

    2017-01-01

    Specific IgG, passively administered together with particulate antigen, can completely prevent induction of antibody responses to this antigen. The ability of IgG to suppress antibody responses to sheep red blood cells (SRBCs) is intact in mice lacking FcγRs, complement factor 1q, C3, or complement receptors 1 and 2, suggesting that Fc-dependent effector functions are not involved. Two of the most widely discussed explanations for the suppressive effect are increased clearance of IgG-antigen complexes and/or that IgG "hides" the antigen from recognition by specific B cells, so-called epitope masking. The majority of data on how IgG induces suppression was obtained through studies of the effects on IgM-secreting single spleen cells during the first week after immunization. Here, we show that IgG also suppresses antigen-specific extrafollicular antibody-secreting cells, germinal center B-cells, long-lived plasma cells, long-term IgG responses, and induction of memory antibody responses. IgG anti-SRBC reduced the amount of SRBC in the spleens of wild-type, but not of FcγR-deficient mice. However, no correlation between suppression and the amount of SRBC in the spleen was observed, suggesting that increased clearance does not explain IgG-mediated suppression. Instead, we found compelling evidence for epitope masking because IgG anti-NP administered with NP-SRBC suppressed the IgG anti-NP, but not the IgG anti-SRBC response. Vice versa, IgG anti-SRBC administered with NP-SRBC, suppressed only the IgG anti-SRBC response. In conclusion, passively transferred IgG suppressed all measured parameters of an antigen-specific antibody/B cell response and an important mechanism of action is likely to be epitope masking.

  6. Presence of domesticated cats and visual impairment associated to Toxoplasma gondii serum positive children at an elementary school in Jataizinho, state of Paraná, Brazil Presença de gatos domésticos e alterações visuais associados a amostras positivas para Toxoplasma gondii em escolares de Jataizinho, Paraná, Brasil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fabiana Maria R. Lopes; Daniela Dib Gonçalves; Célia R. dos Reis; Regina M. Breganó; Roberta L. Freire; Julio César de Freitas; Italmar T. Navarro

    2008-01-01

    ...% of the cases can be developed the ocular form. The aim of this study is to research the occurrence of IgG anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in children at an elementary school in Jataizinho (PR...

  7. IgG subclasses determine pathways of anaphylaxis in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutier, Héloïse; Gillis, Caitlin M; Iannascoli, Bruno; Godon, Ophélie; England, Patrick; Sibilano, Riccardo; Reber, Laurent L; Galli, Stephen J; Cragg, Mark S; Van Rooijen, Nico; Mancardi, David A; Bruhns, Pierre; Jönsson, Friederike

    2017-01-01

    Animal models have demonstrated that allergen-specific IgG confers sensitivity to systemic anaphylaxis that relies on IgG Fc receptors (FcγRs). Mouse IgG2a and IgG2b bind activating FcγRI, FcγRIII, and FcγRIV and inhibitory FcγRIIB; mouse IgG1 binds only FcγRIII and FcγRIIB. Although these interactions are of strikingly different affinities, these 3 IgG subclasses have been shown to enable induction of systemic anaphylaxis. We sought to determine which pathways control the induction of IgG1-, IgG2a-, and IgG2b-dependent passive systemic anaphylaxis. Mice were sensitized with IgG1, IgG2a, or IgG2b anti-trinitrophenyl mAbs and challenged with trinitrophenyl-BSA intravenously to induce systemic anaphylaxis that was monitored by using rectal temperature. Anaphylaxis was evaluated in mice deficient for FcγRs injected with mediator antagonists or in which basophils, monocytes/macrophages, or neutrophils had been depleted. FcγR expression was evaluated on these cells before and after anaphylaxis. Activating FcγRIII is the receptor primarily responsible for all 3 models of anaphylaxis, and subsequent downregulation of this receptor was observed. These models differentially relied on histamine release and the contribution of mast cells, basophils, macrophages, and neutrophils. Strikingly, basophil contribution and histamine predominance in mice with IgG1- and IgG2b-induced anaphylaxis correlated with the ability of inhibitory FcγRIIB to negatively regulate these models of anaphylaxis. We propose that the differential expression of inhibitory FcγRIIB on myeloid cells and its differential binding of IgG subclasses controls the contributions of mast cells, basophils, neutrophils, and macrophages to IgG subclass-dependent anaphylaxis. Collectively, our results unravel novel complexities in the involvement and regulation of cell populations in IgG-dependent reactions in vivo. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier

  8. VIDAS Listeria species Xpress (LSX).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ronald; Mills, John

    2013-01-01

    The AOAC GovVal study compared the VIDAS Listeria species Xpress (LSX) to the Health Products and Food Branch MFHPB-30 reference method for detection of Listeria on stainless steel. The LSX method utilizes a novel and proprietary enrichment media, Listeria Xpress broth, enabling detection of Listeria species in environmental samples with the automated VIDAS in a minimum of 26 h. The LSX method also includes the use of the chromogenic media, chromID Ottaviani Agosti Agar (OAA) and chromID Lmono for confirmation of LSX presumptive results. In previous AOAC validation studies comparing VIDAS LSX to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Bacteriological Analytical Manual (FDA-BAM) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture-Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA-FSIS) reference methods, the LSX method was approved as AOAC Official Method 2010.02 for the detection of Listeria species in dairy products, vegetables, seafood, raw meats and poultry, and processed meats and poultry, and as AOAC Performance Tested Method 100501 in a variety of foods and on environmental surfaces. The GovVal comparative study included 20 replicate test portions each at two contamination levels for stainless steel where fractionally positive results (5-15 positive results/20 replicate portions tested) were obtained by at least one method at one level. Five uncontaminated controls were included. In the stainless steel artificially contaminated surface study, there were 25 confirmed positives by the VIDAS LSX assay and 22 confirmed positives by the standard culture methods. Chi-square analysis indicated no statistical differences between the VIDAS LSX method and the MFHPB-30 standard methods at the 5% level of significance. Confirmation of presumptive LSX results with the chromogenic OAA and Lmono media was shown to be equivalent to the appropriate reference method agars. The data in this study demonstrate that the VIDAS LSX method is an acceptable alternative method to the MFHPB-30 standard

  9. Performance characteristics of the new ARCHITECT Toxo IgG and Toxo IgG Avidity assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sickinger, Eva; Gay-Andrieu, Françoise; Jonas, Gesa; Schultess, Jan; Stieler, Myriam; Smith, Darwin; Hausmann, Michael; Stricker, René; Stricker, Reto; Dhein, Jens; Braun, Hans-Bertram

    2008-11-01

    The ARCHITECT Toxo IgG and IgG Avidity assays have been developed as a fully automated panel for immune status determination and acute infection exclusion. Resolved relative specificity and sensitivity of the ARCHITECT Toxo IgG assay were 99.6% (1359/1365) and 99.7% (1096/1099) as determined on pregnant females, blood donor, and diagnostic specimens. Seroconversion sensitivity of the ARCHITECT assay was comparable with the AxSYM Toxo IgG assay. The ARCHITECT Toxo IgG Avidity assay detected 100.0% (124/124) of acute phase specimens (ARCHITECT Toxo IgG assay, using recombinant antigens, showed excellent specificity and sensitivity for acute phase as well as past infection specimens. The ARCHITECT Toxoplasmosis panel can be reliably used to rule out acute Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women.

  10. Hablar del sentido de la vida

    OpenAIRE

    Jean Grondin

    2012-01-01

    La pregunta por la vida, es un preguntar por y desde el sentido de lo que es y porta la vida. Interesa destacar la pregunta socrática o filosófica por el "sentido de la vida", en términos de existencia y realidad. La existencia del sentido la porta la vida; sin embargo, la dirección, la reflexión, la significación y, sobre todo, el sentir el sentido, es la tarea humana que le toca realizar a quien se pregunta por el thelos de la vida, su fin o finalidad. La naturaleza del mundo es lingüística...

  11. The serum igg subclass levels in healthy infants of 13–62 weeks of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zegers, B.J.M.; Giessen, M. van der; Reerink-Brongers, E.E.; Stoop, J.W.

    1980-01-01

    The levels of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were determined in serum samples of 160 infants aged 13–62 weeks, and of their mothers. In addition the serum IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgD levels of the infants are presented. The results show that IgM, IgG1, and IgG3 slightly increase during the first year of

  12. Maternofetal transplacental transport of recombinant IgG antibodies lacking effector functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Line; Nielsen, Leif K; Andersen, Jan Terje

    2013-01-01

    type IgG1 and IgG3, and found transport across trophoblast-derived BeWo cells and ex vivo placenta perfusions with hierarchies as follows: IgG3ΔHinge:R435H>wild type IgG1≥IgG3ΔHinge, and IgG3ΔHinge:R435H=wild type IgG1=wild type IgG3>IgG3ΔHinge, respectively. Collectively, IgG3ΔHinge:R435H...

  13. Lymphadenopathy of IgG4-related sclerosing disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheuk, Wah; Yuen, Hunter K L; Chu, Stephenie Y Y; Chiu, Edmond K W; Lam, L K; Chan, John K C

    2008-05-01

    IgG4-related sclerosing disease is a recently recognized syndrome characterized by mass-forming lesions in exocrine glands or extranodal tissues due to lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and sclerosis, a raised serum IgG4 level and increased IgG4+ plasma cells in the involved tissues. We report the morphologic features of the enlarged regional (n=3) and nonregional lymph nodes (n=3) in patients with this syndrome. The patients presented with autoimmune pancreatitis, lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis, chronic sclerosing dacryoadenitis, or chronic sclerosing sialadenitis. The histologic features of the lymph nodes could be categorized into 3 patterns: Castleman diseaselike, follicular hyperplasia, and interfollicular expansion by immunoblasts and plasma cells. The percentage of IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cells was markedly elevated (mean 62% vs. 9.9% in 54 control lymph nodes comprising a wide variety of reactive conditions). We also report 6 cases of primary lymphadenopathy characterized by increased IgG4+/IgG+plasma cells (mean 58%). These cases share many clinical and pathologic similarities with IgG4-related sclerosing disease. In fact, 2 of these patients developed lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing cholangitis or lacrimal and submandibular gland involvement during the clinical course. These cases therefore probably represent primary lymph node manifestation of the disease. The importance of recognition of the lymphadenopathic form of IgG4-related sclerosing disease lies in the remarkable response to steroid therapy, and the potential of mistaking the disease for lymphoma either clinically or histologically.

  14. Rubella IgG Antibody among Nigerian Pregnant Women without ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rubella IgG Antibody among Nigerian Pregnant Women without Vaccination History. ... A total of 273 consenting rubella vaccine naïve antenatal clinic attendees aged 15-42 years (Median age = 28 years) were randomly selected and their sera analyzed for qualitative and quantitative anti-rubella IgG detection. Overall ...

  15. IgG glycosylation changes and MBL2 polymorphisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsen, Lone N; Jacobsen, Søren; Abrahams, Jodie L

    2012-01-01

    To examine whether IgG glycosylation changes and MBL2 genotypes are associated with systemic inflammation and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).......To examine whether IgG glycosylation changes and MBL2 genotypes are associated with systemic inflammation and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA)....

  16. IgG Fc Receptors - Role in phagocytosis & Staphyloccal evasion -

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stemerding, A.M.

    2014-01-01

    IgG mediates protection against bacterial infection by activating further opsonization by complement, and via direct tagging of bacteria for destruction through zspecific interaction with phagocyte IgG receptors. The studies presented in this thesis focus on exploring features of IgG-FcR

  17. IgG4-Related Disease: A Multispecialty Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuri Usêda Santana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD is a recently recognized group of conditions, characterized by tumor-like swelling of involved organs, lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells, variable degrees of fibrosis, and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. Currently IgG4-RD is recognized as a systemic condition that can affect several organs and tissues. Herein we report the case of a 34-year-old male patient who was admitted to our hospital with diffuse abdominal pain, weight loss, and painful stiffness in his neck. He had a history of tumoral mass of the left maxillary region, right palpebral ptosis with protrusion of the eyeball, and chronic dry cough for about 6 years. Laboratory tests revealed polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and increased serum IgG4 levels. Immunohistochemical staining of the maxillary biopsy was compatible with IgG4-RD. He had an excellent response to corticosteroid therapy. This case highlights that IgG4-RD should be included in the differential diagnosis with multisystem diseases.

  18. Riedel's thyroiditis association with IgG4-related disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stan, Marius N; Sonawane, Vikram; Sebo, Thomas J; Thapa, Prabin; Bahn, Rebecca S

    2017-03-01

    IgG4-positive (+) plasma cells have been reported in both Riedel's thyroiditis (RT) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). These cells are the hallmark of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). We sought to determine whether RT is part of IgG4-RD spectrum. This was a case-control study performed at a tertiary medical centre. We included RT cases from the period 1958 to 2008 that had sufficient paraffin-embedded tissue for IgG4 immunostaining. Controls were patients with HT, age and gender matched, with similar pathology criteria. The main outcome measures were the intensity of the IgG4 staining and the clinical and histological correlates with IgG4-RD. Six pairs of RT and HT were analysed. The mean age was 44·7 years. In both groups, 5/6 cases had positive IgG4 staining. The mean number of IgG4 + cells/ HPF, normalized to the degree of inflammation, was 3·2 ± 3·0 SD (RT) vs 0·9 ± 0·7 (HT), P = 0·15, for fibrotic areas and 2·1 ± 2·3 SD vs 1·0 ± 0·8 (P = 0·39) for areas with lymphoid aggregates. We found the number of IgG4 +  cells in RT to be inversely correlated with the duration of disease (P = 0·046). Three RT cases had associated comorbidities from the IgG4-RD spectrum while none of the HT cases had such conditions. Riedel's thyroiditis is a component of IgG4-RD with the density of the IgG4 +  lymphocytic infiltrate being time dependent. In this small study, we did not identify differences in IgG4 infiltration between RT and HT, minimizing the utility of this marker in RT diagnosis. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. IgG4-Associated Cholangitis--A Mimic of PSC

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beuers, Ulrich; Hubers, Lowiek M.; Doorenspleet, Marieke; Maillette de Buy Wenniger, Lucas; Klarenbeek, Paul L.; Boonstra, Kirsten; Ponsioen, Cyriel; Rauws, Erik; de Vries, Niek

    2015-01-01

    IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is an inflammatory disorder of the biliary tract representing a major manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) often with elevation of serum IgG4 levels, infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells in the affected tissue and good response to immunosuppressive

  20. IgG trafficking in the adult pig small intestine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möller, Rebecca; Hansen, Gert H; Danielsen, E Michael

    2017-01-01

    immunoglobulins, including IgG made by plasma cells in the lamina propria, are secreted via the brush border to the lumen as part of the mucosal defense. Here, IgG has been proposed to perform a luminal immune surveillance which eventually includes a reuptake through the brush border as pathogen-containing immune......Immunoglobulin G (IgG) transfer in opposite directions across the small intestinal brush border serves different purposes in early life and in adulthood. In the neonate, maternal IgG is taken up from the gut lumen into the blood, conferring passive immunity to the offspring, whereas in the adult...... complexes. In the present work, we studied luminal uptake of FITC-conjugated and gold-conjugated IgG in cultured pig jejunal mucosal explants. After 1 h, binding to the brush border was seen in upper crypts and lower parts of the villi. However, no endocytotic uptake into EEA-1-positive compartments...

  1. Pathomorphological characteristic of IgG4-related diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. O. Dyadyk

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related diseases are a relatively new group of diseases of unknown etiology which are characterized by the development of fibrosis of organs with the presence of big amounts of IgG4-positive plasma-cells in the area of the lesions and increased levels of IgG4 in serum. The organs that may be affected are pancreas, salivary gland, and others, clinical cases of kidney damage are described as well. Renal involvement in IgG4-related diseases most often occurs on the type of tubulointerstitial nephritis, with the further development of acute or chronic kidney injury. The clinic may be represented by the pseudotumor of kidney, renal tissue heterogeneity on the results of CT-studies; acute or chronic renal disease; combination with other organ damage (autoimmune pancreatitis, sclerosing cholangitis, sclerosing lymphoplasmacytic cholecystitis, colitis, sialadenitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, etc.. Laboratory findings include an increased level of IgG4 in the blood serum, hypocomplementemia, eosinophilia. Histologically, there is interstitial inflammation with many plasma cells, interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy, thickening of the tubular basement membrane, some cases are a type of membranous glomerulonephritis. The aim of the study is to identify the patients with IgG4-related diseases with renal impairment and widening the pathological database of such patients with renal impairment to determine the classification criteria of this pathological condition. Materials and methods will include the deceased kidney screening, screening of patients with autoimmune and allergic diseases, nephrological patients screening with the lifetime biopsy (in some cases – repeat biopsy with chronic or acute kidney impairment. There will be clinical and pathological comparison in kidney damage and other diseases with the development of criteria for the classification of lesions in the presence of IgG4-positive substrates and further development of practical

  2. Does the Maternal Serum IgG Level during Pregnancy in Primary Antibody Deficiency Influence the IgG Level in the Newborn?

    OpenAIRE

    Vasantha Nagendran; Noel Emmanuel; Bansal, Amolak S.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To find out if the serum IgG level in the newborn baby was affected by low maternal serum IgG during pregnancy in two newly diagnosed primary antibody deficient patients. Method. Infant cord blood IgG level was compared with maternal IgG level in 2 mothers with newly diagnosed primary antibody deficiency, who declined replacement IgG treatment during pregnancy. Results. Both mothers delivered healthy babies with normal IgG levels at birth. Conclusions. The normal IgG levels and sound...

  3. "Vidas secas": a (hyperintertextual reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselda Maria Dutra Bandoli

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work conducts a reflection on the notions of hypertext from a few updated views of Vidas Secas by Graciliano Ramos. Our purpose is to carry out the reading of an art object, dissociating hypertext from the idea of a device enabled only by electronic media. Thus, we show that hypertext is also manifested in printed texts, and postulate that literary language can be a manifestation of hypertextuality. Finally, we perform an intertextual reading of the book, seeking to highlight the dialogue between this and other works by representative Brazilian authors.

  4. Vida artificial, el nuevo paradigma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Jesús Martínez Páez

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una síntesis cronológica de los hechos más importantes en el desarrollo teórico y de simulación computacional, que han llevado a la formación de un nuevo paradigma que se conoce como vida artificial; se analizan sus características y sus príncipales líneas de investigación. Finalmente, se hace una descripción de su trabajo en la Universidad Nacional.

  5. Estilo de vida en gastritis

    OpenAIRE

    María Paola Yumbay Yallica; Freddy Bayardo Iza Anguisaca; Tatiana Rivera

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar como los estilos de vida inciden en la gastritis de los estudiantes de Segundo Semestre de Enfermería de la Facultad Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Ambato. Material y métodos: El estudio es no experimental con un diseño descriptivo de corte transversal, se relacionan con las variables involucradas, además es de corta duración en un periodo corto de tiempo, el instrumento utilizado fueron dos encuestas a treinta personas, la primera encuesta sobre la var...

  6. Vida artificial, el nuevo paradigma

    OpenAIRE

    José Jesús Martínez Páez

    2011-01-01

    Se presenta una síntesis cronológica de los hechos más importantes en el desarrollo teórico y de simulación computacional, que han llevado a la formación de un nuevo paradigma que se conoce como vida artificial; se analizan sus características y sus príncipales líneas de investigación. Finalmente, se hace una descripción de su trabajo en laUniversidad Nacional.

  7. Treatment approaches to IgG4-related systemic disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khosroshahi, Arezou; Stone, John H

    2011-01-01

    IgG4-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory condition that can affect any organ system. Prompt recognition and management of this disease process are necessary to prevent sclerosis and permanent organ damage. Here, we review the advances in treatment approaches to IgG4-RSD. Most information regarding treatment is derived from retrospective case series of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), and follow-up periods have generally been short. A variety of IgG4-RSD presentations respond rapidly to glucocorticoid treatment. Glucocorticoids have become a standard therapy for AIP, but the indications requiring treatment as well as the appropriate starting dose and duration of therapy remain controversial. The importance of maintenance of glucocorticoids following remission induction is debatable. As our knowledge grows regarding other organ manifestations of IgG4-RSD with longer follow-ups, the necessity of steroid-sparing agents to manage frequent relapses becomes clear. The natural history and long-term prognosis of IgG4-RSD are not well understood. Large prospective studies and randomized controlled trials of patients with wide spectrum manifestations of IgG4-RSD are required to support better approaches to treatment.

  8. IgG Glycan Hydrolysis Attenuates ANCA-Mediated Glomerulonephritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Timmeren, Mirjan M.; van der Veen, Betty S.; Stegeman, Coen A.; Petersen, Arjen H.; Hellmark, Thomas; Collin, Mattias

    2010-01-01

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) directed against myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (Pr3) are considered pathogenic in ANCA-associated necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN) and vasculitis. Modulation of ANCA IgG glycosylation may potentially reduce its pathogenicity by abolishing Fc receptor–mediated activation of leukocytes and complement. Here, we investigated whether IgG hydrolysis by the bacterial enzyme endoglycosidase S (EndoS) attenuates ANCA-mediated NCGN. In vitro, treatment of ANCA IgG with EndoS significantly attenuated ANCA-mediated neutrophil activation without affecting antigen-binding capacity. In a mouse model of anti-MPO IgG/LPS-induced NCGN, we induced disease with either unmodified or EndoS-treated (deglycosylated) anti-MPO IgG. In separate experiments, we administered EndoS systemically after disease induction with unmodified anti-MPO IgG. Pretreatment of anti-MPO IgG with EndoS reduced hematuria, leukocyturia, and albuminuria and attenuated both neutrophil influx and formation of glomerular crescents. After inducing disease with unmodified anti-MPO IgG, systemic treatment with EndoS reduced albuminuria and glomerular crescent formation when initiated after 3 but not 24 hours. In conclusion, IgG glycan hydrolysis by EndoS attenuates ANCA-induced neutrophil activation in vitro and prevents induction of anti-MPO IgG/LPS-mediated NCGN in vivo. Systemic treatment with EndoS early after disease induction attenuates the development of disease. Thus, modulation of IgG glycosylation is a promising strategy to interfere with ANCA-mediated inflammatory processes. PMID:20448018

  9. IgG Glycan Hydrolysis Attenuates ANCA-Mediated Glomerulonephritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Timmeren, Mirjan M.; van der Veen, Betty S.; Stegeman, Coen A.; Petersen, Arjen H.; Hellmark, Thomas; Collin, Mattias; Heeringa, Peter

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) directed against myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (Pr3) are considered pathogenic in ANCA-associated necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis (NCGN) and vasculitis. Modulation of ANCA IgG glycosylation may potentially reduce its

  10. Forældreinddragelse i Vida

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berliner, Peter; Kousholt, Dorte

    2012-01-01

    I VIDA-projektet indgår forældreinddragelse og -samarbejde som en betydningsfuld del. I undersøgelsen af VIDA-projektet er der foretaget interview med ledere i de deltagende institutioner. I dette kapitel behandles de dele af interviewene, der omhandler, hvordan lederne forstår betydningen af...

  11. Increased IgG4-Positive Plasma Cells in Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis: A Diagnostic Pitfall of IgG4-Related Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sing Yun Chang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s (GPA may mimic IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD on histologic examination of some biopsies, especially those from head and neck sites. IgG4 immunostain is often performed in this context for differential diagnosis with IgG4-RD. However, the prevalence of IgG4+ cells in GPA has not been explored. We examined the IgG4+ cells in 26 cases confirmed as GPA by a thorough clinical and pathologic assessment. Twenty-six biopsies consisted of 14 sinonasal/oral cavity/nasopharynx, 7 orbit/periorbital, 3 lung/pleura, 1 iliac fossa/kidney, and 1 dura specimens. Eight of 26 (31% biopsies revealed increased IgG4+ cells (>30/HPF and >40% in IgG4+/IgG+ ratio. The IgG4+ cells and IgG4+/IgG+ ratio ranged 37–137/hpf and 44–83%, respectively. Eight biopsies with increased IgG4+ cells were from sinonasal (n=4 or orbital/periorbital (n=4 sites. In conclusion, increased IgG4+ cells are not uncommonly seen in sinonasal or orbital/periorbital biopsies of GPA, which could pose as a diagnostic pitfall.

  12. Characterization of Chicken B-Locus (Igg) Allotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, C. S.

    1972-01-01

    Chicken allotypes b1 and b2 are controlled by allelic genes and associated with the IgG class of immunoglobulins. The determinants cannot be detected on either isolated heavy and light polypeptide chains or the enzymatic fragments. The results suggest that either the intact IgG molecule is required for their expression or the conditions normally used for isolation of the subunits destroy or modify the antigenic specificities in chickens. PMID:4626653

  13. Vida cotidiana y trasnformaciones silenciosas

    OpenAIRE

    Godall, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo pone en cuestión la concepción clásica de educación cotidiana en educación infantil, basada todavía en actividades colectivas como eje vertebrador de la vida del grupo y especialmente en la enseñanza-aprendizaje de hábitos donde se valora sobre todo que el niño lo haga todo solo en vez de velar especialmente por las necesidades y los intereses individuales, dando valor a la palabra cuidado y a la relación entre adulto y niño o entre adulto y un pequeño grupo de niños y niñas en ...

  14. O consumo na vida digital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuri Yudi Furukita Baptista

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available O modelo de consumo não possui as mesmas características sempre: suas relações, motivações, formatos, espaços, interesses e atividades são construções sociais que se modificam atreladas ao cenário econômico, político e tecnológico. O presente trabalho repassa o surgimento da sociedade do consumidor para então conjecturar sobre as propriedades distintivas do consumo na vida digital. O que se defende ao final é que o consumidor já não se restringe ao papel de consumir.

  15. Escrituras de la vida cotidiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Federico Baeza

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Diversas producciones en las artes visuales y performáticas de la última década, se han puesto como objetivo la constitución de estrategias escriturales,en tanto transcripción y, más precisamente, configuración de experiencias extraídas de la vida de todos los días. Las narraciones alrededor de distintos núcleos del ámbito de la cotidianidad, como la cocina, la conversación o el habitar, entre otros tópicos ya señalados por Michel de Certeau1, aparecen en el centro de estas operaciones que recorren el eje entre la historia reciente como episodio colectivo y la singularidad de las historias de vida volviendo a reivindicar lo personal como político. Dichas operaciones artísticas, que funcionan como ready-mades de experiencias personales, precisan de estrategias de transcripción de las textualidades de la vida cotidiana que incluyen narraciones biográficas, recuerdos, particulares usos de los objetos, entre otras prácticas de las “artes del hacer” cotidiano. Abordaremos estas operaciones escriturarias desde la selección de obras de tres artistas argentinos contemporáneos que inscriben su trabajo en este vasto horizonte de problemáticas cercano a la noción de “espacio biográfico”.2 De la producción de Verónica Gómez nos centraremos fundamentalmente en uno de sus primeros trabajos, Casa Museo (2003-2005, en el que la artista desarrolla diversos procedimientos sobre objetos del recuerdo que parodian lo científico y rememoran juegos infantiles en una institución apócrifa alojada en la casa de sus abuelos. Luego observaremos la obra de Gabriel Baggio cuya producción se centra en la conexión entre historia personal e historia colectiva, en los mecanismos culturales que se ponen en juego al aprender prácticas u oficios de “nuestros mayores”, en el diseño de circuitos de contacto interpersonal y en la observación de las prácticas estéticas de todos los días (cocinar, tejer, habitar. Finalmente nos

  16. Ciudad "versus" calidad de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Goycoolea Infante

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El hombre es de por sí comunitario, ya que sin nuestros semejantes sería imposible la vida humana. Desde los inicios de la humanidad ha requerido de la compañía, colaboración y aceptación de otros seres semejantes a él. La afinidad de pensamiento, territorio, defensa, religiones... son algunos aglutinantes de los clanes, las tribus, los grupos, sectas, partidos, movimientos y de muchas otras organizaciones que conocemos. Todos ellos tienen un pensamiento de cómo los hombres debemos vivir y luchan por lo que creemos verdadero y beneficioso para nuestra comunidad.

  17. Prebisch y Urquidi: vidas paralelas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Hodara

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo se propone sugerir “trayectorias paralelas” en la vida y en la obra de Raúl Prebisch y de Víctor L. Urquidi. Argentino el primero y mexicano el segundo, ambos fueron impulsados por una pasión convergente: comprender las razones estructurales del subdesarrollo económico y social latinoamericano y plantear medidas gubernamentales que moderasen los efectos negativos de las circunstancias internas y externas que distorsionan la evolución regional contemporánea. Sin embargo, las disparidades entre ambos fueron considerables. Prebisch fue el caudillo intelectual que, armado con la Comisión Economía para la América Latina (CEPAL, enhebró un nuevo discurso desarrollista que los gobiernos formalmente incorporaron. Tuvo el talento de absorber las ideas de múltiples autores y colaboradores, y, sin darles el debido crédito, formuló un paradigma que presidió desde la década de los cincuenta hasta los ochenta la ponderación de las relaciones entre la “periferia latinoamericana” y el “centro”, eufemismo que señalaba principalmente a Estados Unidos. Urquidi, al contrario, fue un empresario intelectual que gestó El Colegio de México como institución mexicana de altos estudios en múltiples ramas, desde las ciencias sociales a la historia y la literatura. Fue un investigador de amplios horizontes y cultura. Y sus póstumas refl exiones sobre la evolución económica y social de América Latina se caracterizan por un áspero pesimismo. Ambos esperan a un Plutarco que narre con pulcritud las peripecias de sus vidas.

  18. Estilo de vida en gastritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Paola Yumbay Yallica

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar como los estilos de vida inciden en la gastritis de los estudiantes de Segundo Semestre de Enfermería de la Facultad Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad Técnica de Ambato. Material y métodos: El estudio es no experimental con un diseño descriptivo de corte transversal, se relacionan con las variables involucradas, además es de corta duración en un periodo corto de tiempo, el instrumento utilizado fueron dos encuestas a treinta personas, la primera encuesta sobre la variable independiente refiriéndonos a los estilos de vida con diez preguntas y la segunda encuesta sobre la variable dependiente que es la gastritis con diez preguntas. Resultados: Se obtuvo como resultados que no tienen horarios fijos de alimentación por lo cual producirán o tendrán el riesgo de contraer no solo la gastritis sino también otras patologías que dañaran su organismo y producirán su muerte. Conclusión: La mala nutrición puesto a que es el proceso mediante el cual los seres vivos incorporan, modifican y eliminan sustancias procedentes del exterior, absorbidas durante el proceso digestivo. La gastritis es la inflamación del revestimiento del estómago, puede ser de tipo agudo, de aparición rápida y resolución en pocos días, o de tipo crónico, en cuyo caso puede persistir durante años y producir úlcera péptica. En algunos casos, ésta puede llevar a la formación de úlceras y aumentar el padecer cáncer de estómago.

  19. Pulsiones de Vida y Muerte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Sánchez Medina

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Cuando hacemos alusión a las pulsiones o a su energía, lo estamos haciendo a cargas eléctricas y a partículas subatómicas; así mismo nos referimos a "estímulos endógenos y exógenos", "señales", "excitaciones", "deseos", "necesidades", "afectos y emociones", "transmisiones e impulsos", originados
    en los "instintos".
    Conocemos desde la perspectiva del psicoanálisis de Freud (en su trabajo sobre Meta psicología en 1915, cómo el instinto es un concepto limítrofe entre lo mental y lo somático, siendo la representación psíquica del estímulo, originado en el organismo que elige la mente.
    Por lo tanto los instintos no serían sino la organización de "fuerzas" para la vida y la muerte orgánica, que buscan restablecer un orden y estado de interrelación y movimiento con otras fuerzas (cargas opuestas, antimateria y/o antipartículas, que perturban ese funcionamiento o por el contrario, actúan para conservar el equilibrio y orden; he ahí un concepto proveniente o que nos lleva también a la teoría de la complejidad y caos.
    Los instintos (de vida-eros y muerte-tanatos vigilarían el destino de los organismos elementales que sobreviven al individuo total, proporcionándoles un refugio seguro mientras se encuentran indefensos contra los estímulos del mundo externo, y a la vez facilitando su encuentro o nacimiento en la estructura de los nucleótidos del ADN, que son la base biológica del instinto sexual, que preservan la especie y.restablecen un estado previo, el que puede ser la misma involución y la inercia. Todos estos fenómenos no significan que exista una tendencia a la perfección; de aquí que la muerte interna sea también natural como la vida, la que tiene su escape en la ya mencionada supervivencia, defensa y conservación de la especie. De tal forma, la biología no va en contravía de los instintos
    de muerte. "Por su parte al reservorio del instinto de vida le damos, en psicoan

  20. QUALIDADE DE VIDA EM GESTANTES COM CARDIOPATIA

    OpenAIRE

    Silmara Meneguin; Caroline de Lima Xavier

    2013-01-01

    Investigación descriptiva, exploratoria y transversal con objeto de describir la calidad de vida percibida en gestantes con cardiopatía. El Índice de Calidad de Vida de Ferrans y Powers fue aplicado en 42 pacientes, a partir del segundo trimestre de embarazo, entre enero del 2008 y marzo del 2009. Fueron usados la estadística descriptiva, análisis de variancia y test t de Student. La mediana del score total de calidad de vida fue relativamente alta (23,9) y el dominio socioeconómico el más co...

  1. Does the Maternal Serum IgG Level during Pregnancy in Primary Antibody Deficiency Influence the IgG Level in the Newborn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagendran, Vasantha; Emmanuel, Noel; Bansal, Amolak S

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To find out if the serum IgG level in the newborn baby was affected by low maternal serum IgG during pregnancy in two newly diagnosed primary antibody deficient patients. Method. Infant cord blood IgG level was compared with maternal IgG level in 2 mothers with newly diagnosed primary antibody deficiency, who declined replacement IgG treatment during pregnancy. Results. Both mothers delivered healthy babies with normal IgG levels at birth. Conclusions. The normal IgG levels and sound health in these 2 babies in spite of low maternal IgG throughout pregnancy raise interesting discussion points about maternofoetal immunoglobulin transport mechanisms in primary antibody deficiency.

  2. Does the Maternal Serum IgG Level during Pregnancy in Primary Antibody Deficiency Influence the IgG Level in the Newborn?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasantha Nagendran

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To find out if the serum IgG level in the newborn baby was affected by low maternal serum IgG during pregnancy in two newly diagnosed primary antibody deficient patients. Method. Infant cord blood IgG level was compared with maternal IgG level in 2 mothers with newly diagnosed primary antibody deficiency, who declined replacement IgG treatment during pregnancy. Results. Both mothers delivered healthy babies with normal IgG levels at birth. Conclusions. The normal IgG levels and sound health in these 2 babies in spite of low maternal IgG throughout pregnancy raise interesting discussion points about maternofoetal immunoglobulin transport mechanisms in primary antibody deficiency.

  3. Structural characterization of the Man5 glycoform of human IgG3 Fc

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shah, Ishan S.; Lovell, Scott; Mehzabeen, Nurjahan; Battaile, Kevin P.; Tolbert, Thomas J. (Kansas); (HWMRI)

    2017-12-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) consists of four subclasses in humans: IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4, which are highly conserved but have unique differences that result in subclass-specific effector functions. Though IgG1 is the most extensively studied IgG subclass, study of other subclasses is important to understand overall immune function and for development of new therapeutics. When compared to IgG1, IgG3 exhibits a similar binding profile to Fcγ receptors and stronger activation of complement. All IgG subclasses are glycosylated at N297, which is required for Fcγ receptor and C1q complement binding as well as maintaining optimal Fc conformation. We have determined the crystal structure of homogenously glycosylated human IgG3 Fc with a GlcNAc2Man5 (Man5) high mannose glycoform at 1.8 Å resolution and compared its structural features with published structures from the other IgG subclasses. Although the overall structure of IgG3 Fc is similar to that of other subclasses, some structural perturbations based on sequence differences were revealed. For instance, the presence of R435 in IgG3 (and H435 in the other IgG subclasses) has been implicated to result in IgG3-specific properties related to binding to protein A, protein G and the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). The IgG3 Fc structure helps to explain some of these differences. Additionally, protein-glycan contacts observed in the crystal structure appear to correlate with IgG3 affinity for Fcγ receptors as shown by binding studies with IgG3 Fc glycoforms. Finally, this IgG3 Fc structure provides a template for further studies aimed at engineering the Fc for specific gain of function.

  4. Serum IGG subclass levels in healthy infants of 13-62 weeks of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zegers, B. J. M.; van der Giessen, M.; Reerink-Brongers, E. E.; Stoop, J. W.

    1980-01-01

    The levels of IgGl, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were determined in serum samples of 160 infants aged 13-62 weeks, and of their mothers. In addition the serum IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgD levels of the infants are presented. The results show that IgM, IgGl, and IgG3 slightly increase during the first year of

  5. IgG4-unrelated type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakano, Eriko; Kanno, Atsushi; Masamune, Atsushi; Yoshida, Naoki; Hongo, Seiji; Miura, Shin; Takikawa, Tetsuya; Hamada, Shin; Kume, Kiyoshi; Kikuta, Kazuhiro; Hirota, Morihisa; Nakayama, Keisuke; Fujishima, Fumiyoshi; Shimosegawa, Tooru

    2015-01-01

    A 50-year-old male was referred to our hospital for the evaluation of hyperproteinemia. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography revealed high fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the pancreas, bilateral lacrimal glands, submandibular glands, parotid glands, bilateral pulmonary hilar lymph nodes, and kidneys. Laboratory data showed an elevation of hepatobiliary enzymes, renal dysfunction, and remarkably high immunoglobulin (Ig) G levels, without elevated serum IgG4. Abdominal computed tomography revealed swelling of the pancreatic head and bilateral kidneys. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed an irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct in the pancreatic head and stricture of the lower common bile duct. Histological examination by endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration revealed findings of lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis without IgG4-positive plasma cells. Abnormal laboratory values and the swelling of several organs were improved by the treatment with steroids. The patient was diagnosed as having type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) based on the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria. Therefore, we encountered a case of compatible type 1 AIP without elevated levels of serum IgG4 or IgG4-positive plasma cells. This case suggests that AIP phenotypes are not always associated with IgG4. PMID:26361429

  6. The blocking activity of birch pollen-specific immunotherapy-induced IgG4 is not qualitatively superior to that of other IgG subclasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejrnaes, Anne M; Bødtger, Uffe; Larsen, Jørgen N

    2004-01-01

    Allergen-specific IgG antibodies induced by specific immunotherapy (SIT) interfere with the allergen-IgE interaction, and act as blocking antibodies in vitro. It has been hypothesised that IgG4, as opposed to other IgG subclasses, is particularly important in this function, which may play a role...

  7. Qualidade de vida de graduandos de enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Marques de Oliveira

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou descrever o perfil sociodemográfico dos estudantes de enfermagem e compreender o significado atribuído para sua atual qualidade de vida. Foram entrevistados 65 acadêmicos do 8º semestre do ano de 2007, por meio da aplicação de questionário autoreferido, com informações de dados sociodemográficos e questões abertas sobre qualidade de vida. A população de estudo foi predominantemente do sexo feminino, solteira, com idade entre 22 a 24 anos e com diferentes percepções sobre sua qualidade de vida, apreendidas por meio da vivência de fatores favoráveis e desfavoráveis no decorrer dos anos de aprendizado. O estudo destacou a percepção da qualidade de vida sob a ótica do estudante de enfermagem

  8. La vida y la flecha del tiempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaksel Nájera Mota

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La vida y la flecha del tiempo se fundamentan en una interrelación entre orden-desorden, muerte-vida, acumulación-pérdida que permite transformaciones y disipaciones en la estructura orgánica. Por lo anterior, se analizan algunos procesos metabólicos y de regeneración celular. Se demuestra que a pesar de los esfuerzos por retrasar el desgaste del organismo, la vida se mantiene dirigida a la degradación; sin embargo, es posible minimizar algunos problemas causados por el envejecimiento manteniendo una vida más saludable, con ejercicio y buena alimentación.

  9. QUALIDADE DE VIDA EM GESTANTES COM CARDIOPATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silmara Meneguin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigación descriptiva, exploratoria y transversal con objeto de describir la calidad de vida percibida en gestantes con cardiopatía. El Índice de Calidad de Vida de Ferrans y Powers fue aplicado en 42 pacientes, a partir del segundo trimestre de embarazo, entre enero del 2008 y marzo del 2009. Fueron usados la estadística descriptiva, análisis de variancia y test t de Student. La mediana del score total de calidad de vida fue relativamente alta (23,9 y el dominio socioeconómico el más comprometido (22,9. Fue observada tendencia entre embarazo no planeado y dominio socioeconómico (p=0,065. La calidad de vida de estos pacientes puede ser considerada buena pero, cuando el embarazo no fue planeado, contribuye para empeorar la dimensión socioeconómica. El embarazo de alto riesgo no influenció la calidad de vida, ya que la misma estuvo vinculada a significados de felicidad, satisfacción y realización personal. DESCRIPTORES: Calidad de vida. Gestación. CarInvestigación descriptiva, exploratoria y transversal con objeto de describir la calidad de vida percibida en gestantes con cardiopatía. El Índice de Calidad de Vida de Ferrans y Powers fue aplicado en 42 pacientes, a partir del segundo trimestre de embarazo, entre enero del 2008 y marzo del 2009. Fueron usados la estadística descriptiva, análisis de variancia y test t de Student. La mediana del score total de calidad de vida fue relativamente alta (23,9 y el dominio socioeconómico el más comprometido (22,9. Fue observada tendencia entre embarazo no planeado y dominio socioeconómico (p=0,065. La calidad de vida de estos pacientes puede ser considerada buena pero, cuando el embarazo no fue planeado, contribuye para empeorar la dimensión socioeconómica. El embarazo de alto riesgo no influenció la calidad de vida, ya que la misma estuvo vinculada a significados de felicidad, satisfacción y realización personal.

  10. Georges Canguilhem: sobre vida e conhecimento da vida [Georges Canguilhem: on life and knowledge of life

    OpenAIRE

    Filicio Mulinari

    2016-01-01

    Tendo como fundamento as obras de Georges Canguilhem, sobretudo a obra O normal e o patológico e os escritos "O pensamento e o vivente" e "O conceito e a vida", este artigo busca analisar o modo como Georges Canguilhem entende as noções de vida e conhecimento de vida, relacionando ambos os conceitos e indicando, nas linhas teóricas do filósofo francês, como é possível conhecimento o sobre a vida e o vivente. O artigo, inicialmente passando pelos conceitos de normal e patológico, buscará situa...

  11. Anti-dog IgG secondary antibody successfully detects IgG in a variety of aquatic mammals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roehl, Katherine; Jankowski, Mark D.; Hofmeister, Erik K.

    2016-01-01

    Serological tests play an important role in the detection of wildlife diseases. However, while there are many commercial assays and reagents available for domestic species, there is a need to develop efficient serological assays for wildlife. In recent years, marine mammals have represented a wildlife group with emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. However, with the exception of disease-agent-specific assays or functional assays, few reports describe the use of antibody detection assays in marine mammals. In an indirect enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) or an immunofluorescence assay, antibody is detected using an antitarget species secondary conjugated antibody. The sensitivity of the assay depends on the avidity of the binding reaction between the bound antibody and the detection antibody. A commercial polyclonal antidog IgG conjugated antibody was tested in an EIA for its ability to sensitively detect the IgG of seven marine mammals including sea otter (Enhydra lutris), polar bear (Ursus maritimus), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbor seal (Phoca vitulina), northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris), California sea lion (Zalophus californianus), Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) and one freshwater mammal: Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea). With the exception of Asian small-clawed sea otters, the detection of IgG in these marine mammals either exceeded or was nearly equal to detection of dog IgG. The use of the tested commercial antidog IgG antibody may be a valid approach to the detection of antibody response to disease in sea mammals.

  12. The serum igg subclass levels in healthy infants of 13–62 weeks of age

    OpenAIRE

    Zegers, B.J.M.; van der Giessen, M; Reerink-Brongers, E.E.; Stoop, J.W.

    1980-01-01

    The levels of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 were determined in serum samples of 160 infants aged 13–62 weeks, and of their mothers. In addition the serum IgM, IgG, IgA, and IgD levels of the infants are presented. The results show that IgM, IgG1, and IgG3 slightly increase during the first year of life, whereas IgG2, IgG4, IgA, and IgD hardly do. This difference in the development of the various immunoglobulin isotypes reflects differences in the terminal maturation of subsets of B-lymphocytes i...

  13. Choices in IgG replacement therapy for primary immune deficiency diseases: subcutaneous IgG vs. intravenous IgG and selecting an optimal dose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Melvin

    2011-12-01

    Subcutaneous IgG (SCIG) is becoming more popular, but there is still uncertainty about efficacy and optimal dosing. This review discusses recent pharmacokinetic studies and applications of SCIG therapy, and its efficacy in the context of emerging understanding of the relationship between dosing and efficacy of both intravenous IgG (IVIG) and SCIG replacement therapy for primary immunodeficiency diseases. Three preparations of IgG have been licensed in the US in the past year. Their bioavailabilities are 65-70% of that of IVIG. Pooled analyses show that the efficacy of SCIG in preventing infections is proportional to the steady-state levels achieved, and similar to that of IVIG. Pharmacokinetic studies allow estimation of doses that will yield desired serum levels with both IVIG and SCIG, and when switching from one route to another. Pooled analyses show that at equivalent total doses, weekly SCIG results in steady-state levels 10-20% higher than troughs on monthly IVIG. For most patients, the choice between routes should be based on individual preference, and the regimen should be individualized to achieve the desired outcomes.

  14. Seroprevalence of Rubella Specific IgG Antibody among Pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rubella infection is generally mild in children. However, infection during pregnancy can leads to fetal death or congenital defects known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome. The seroprevalence of IgG to rubella virus was determined using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay among 400 pregnant women between the ages ...

  15. Evaluation of IgG antibodies against Respiratory Syncytial Virus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of IgG antibodies against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), and associated risk factors for severe respiratory tract infections in pre- school children in ... Conclusions: We report a high level of exposure to RSV in infancy and early childhood among children from a representative population in a major central ...

  16. Anti-food and anti-microbial IgG subclass antibodies in inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jansen, Anke; Mandić, Ana D; Bennek, Eveline; Frehn, Lisa; Verdier, Julien; Tebrügge, Irene; Lutz, Holger; Streetz, Konrad; Trautwein, Christian; Sellge, Gernot

    2016-12-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), particularly Crohn's disease (CD), is associated with increased microbial-specific IgG and IgA antibodies, whereas alterations of anti-food antibodies are still disputed. The knowledge about IgG subclass antibodies in IBD is limited. In this study we analysed IgG subclass antibodies specific for nutritional and commensal antigens in IBD patients and controls. Serum IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 specific for wheat and milk extracts, purified ovalbumin, Escherichia coli and Bacteroides fragilis lysates and mannan from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were analysed by ELISA in patients with CD (n = 56), ulcerative colitis (UC; n = 29), acute gastroenteritis/colitis (n = 12) as well as non-inflammatory controls (n = 62). Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) of all IgG subclasses and anti-B. fragilis IgG1 levels were increased in CD patients compared to UC patients and controls. The discriminant validity of ASCA IgG2 and IgG4 was comparable with that of ASCA pan-IgG and IgA, whereas it was inferior for ASCA IgG1/IgG3 and anti-B. fragilis IgG1. Complicated CD defined by the presence of perianal, stricturing or penetrating disease phenotypes was associated with increased ASCA IgG1/IgG3/IgG4, anti-B. fragilis IgG1 and anti-E. coli IgG1 levels. Anti-food IgG subclass levels were not different between IBD patients and controls and did not correlate with food intolerance. In contrast to anti-microbial Abs, food-specific IgG responses were predominately of the IgG4 isotype and all food-specific IgG subclass levels correlated negatively with age. Our study supports the notion that the adaptive immune recognition of food and commensal antigens are differentially regulated.

  17. Comparison of semi-automatized assays for anti-T. gondii IgG detection in low-reactivity serum samples: importance of the results in patient counseling Comparação de ensaios semi-automatizados para pesquisa de IgG anti-T. gondii em amostras de soros de baixa reatividade: importância dos resultados no aconselhamento do paciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Guilherme Leser

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a disease which can cause severe congenital infection and is normally diagnosed by the detection of T. gondii specific antibodies in the serum of infected patients. Several different tests allow to distinguish recent from past infections and to quantify anti-T. gondii specific IgG, and the results can be used as markers for immunity. In the present study, we compare the performance of two different methodologies, the Elfa (bioMérieux S.A and the Meia (Abbott Laboratories in detecting T. gondii specific IgG in low-reactivity sera. Of 76 analyzed samples, three presented discrepant results, being positive in the Abbott AxSYM Toxo IgG assay, and negative in the bioMérieux Vidas Toxo IgG II assay. By using other tests, the three sera were confirmed to be negative. The results are discussed in the context of their importance for patient management, especially during pregnancy.Toxoplasmose, doença conhecida por sua severidade na infecção congênita é geralmente diagnosticada pela demonstração de anticorpos específicos contra antígenos de T. gondii, presentes no soro de indivíduos infectados. Diferentes testes são disponíveis para diferenciar infecção recente de infecção pregressa, para quantificar anticorpos IgG anti-T. gondii nos soros dos pacientes e utilizar os resultados como marcadores de imunidade. Neste trabalho apresentamos os resultados do estudo comparativo de duas tecnologias, Elfa (bioMérieux S.A. e Meia (Abbott Laboratories, para pesquisa de anticorpos IgG anti-T. gondii em amostras de soros de baixa reatividade. De 76 amostras processadas, três apresentaram resultados discrepantes, reagentes para AxSYM Toxo IgG e não-reagentes para Vidas Toxo IgG II. A confirmação dos resultados, feita por bateria de testes, mostrou que todas as três amostras eram não-reagentes. Os resultados são discutidos em sua importância e orientação clínica, principalmente para a paciente gestante.

  18. Origens da vida Origins of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Damineli

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos um panorama geral das idéias sobre a origem da vida na história. Após delinearmos os principais temas necessários para o entendimento da origem da vida, mostramos as características básicas da vida atual e as relações entre os seres vivos que sugerem um ancestral comum. Revemos as condições químicas pré-bióticas no ambiente terrestre e fora dele. Quanto ao aparecimento da vida, confrontamos as principais vertentes sobre a precedência do código genético ou do metabolismo. Evidenciamos a curta janela de tempo para o estabelecimento da vida na Terra, indicando a facilidade de esse processo ocorrer no Universo. Finalmente, são apresentados os fundamentos dos projetos atuais de procura de vida fora de nosso planeta.We present a historical perspective about the ideas concerning the origin of life. After displaying the main topics necessary for understanding life’s origin, the main characteristics of the present life forms and their relationships are shown, suggesting a common ancestor. The conditions for prebiotic chemistry in terrestrial or interplanetary environments are reviewed. We put in context the arguments about the early origin of replicators versus metabolism. The very narrow window for life settlement in the early Earth is stressed, pointing to the likelihood of life arising in other places in the Universe. Finally, we present the cornerstones of current search for life outside our planet.

  19. Tinta indeleble. Guillermo Cano vida y obra

    OpenAIRE

    Bejarano, Diana Ximena; Universidad de San Buenaventura

    2013-01-01

    Recoger un legado de 42 años de vida periodística y transitar los espacios familiares y de amigos de uno de los cronistas más importantes de Colombia es el propósito del libro Tinta indeleble. Guillermo Cano vida y obra. De esta manera, la fundación que lleva su nombre da a conocer con una narrativa acogedora, las mejores vivencias de un profesional empírico que a lo largo de su trayectoria fundó los principios éticos y morales del periodismo colombiano. El libro hace un recuento histórico y ...

  20. Miguel Fisac Serna. Arquitecto. Vida y obra.

    OpenAIRE

    Rojo Tejerina, Juan Jesús

    2013-01-01

    Se pretende realizar una recopilación de datos acerca de la figura de Miguel Fisac, tanto referentes a su vida privada, como profesional, ya que ambas están muy relacionadas entre sí. Este compendio de información me sirve para conocer las diferentes etapas por las que ha ido discurriendo su larga vida y su trayectoria profesional. Estas etapas son: - Década de los 40, predomina el estilo clasicista. - Década de los 50, utilización de nuevas soluciones espaciales, formales y const...

  1. Características ultraestruturais da mucosa intestinal de bezerros recém-nascidos alimentados na segunda refeição com colostro enriquecido com IGF-I e IgG Ultrastructural characteristics of the intestinal mucosa of newborn calves fed in the second meal with colostrum enriched with IGF-I and IgG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liris Kindlein

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se estudar os efeitos do fornecimento adicional de colostro de diferentes concentrações de IGF-I e IgG, às 12 horas de vida, sobre as características morfológicas dos enterócitos, bem como a relação entre a quantidade total de IGF-I ingerida e a altura dos microvilos intestinais de bezerros até as 72 horas de vida. Adotou-se o fornecimento prolongado de colostros de diferentes concentrações, incluindo colostro enriquecido com colostro liofilizado. Oitenta e dois bezerros da raça Holandesa receberam, ao nascimento, colostro com concentrações variáveis de IgG e, às 12 horas de vida, receberam três pools de colostro com densidades variáveis: colostro baixo - IgG e IGF-I inferiores a 30 mg/mL e 90,65 µg/L, respectivamente; alto - IgG e IGF-I superiores a 100 mg/mL e 344,02 µg/L, respectivamente; ou enriquecido de colostro liofilizado - IgG e IGF-I superiores a 120 mg/mL e 864,68 µg/L, respectivamente. Às 0, 10, 24, 36 e 72 horas de vida, coletaram-se amostras do duodeno, do jejuno (proximal, médio e distal e do íleo para estudo ultraestrutural. Para determinação da altura dos microvilos, considerou-se o arranjo fatorial 3 × 3 + 1, correspondendo à quantidade total de IGF-I ingerida nas refeições de colostro (0-500, 500-1500, 1500-2500 µg, três idades de abate (10, 24 e 72 horas de vida e o grupo controle (nascimento. As características morfológicas dos enterócitos diferiram conforme a idade e as quantidades de IgG e IGF-I disponibilizadas. A quantidade total de IGF-I ingerida teve efeito local positivo sobre a altura dos microvilos intestinais.The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of additional colostrum with different IGF-I and IgG concentrations, at 12 hours of life, on morphological characteristics of enterocytes, as well as the relationship of total amount of IGF-I ingested on the microvillus height of the calves small intestine in the first 72 hours after birth. It was utilized

  2. Spectrum of Disorders Associated with Elevated Serum IgG4 Levels Encountered in Clinical Practice

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    Jay H. Ryu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD is a recently described systemic fibroinflammatory disease associated with elevated circulating levels of IgG4 and manifests a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. Although serum IgG4 level has been described to be the most sensitive and specific laboratory test for the diagnosis of IgG4-RD, it is recognized that an elevated serum IgG4 level can be encountered in other diseases. In this study, we sought to identify the frequency of IgG4-RD and other disease associations in patients with elevated serum IgG4 levels seen in clinical practice. Among 3,300 patients who underwent IgG subclass testing over a 2-year period from January 2009 to December 2010, 158 (4.8% had an elevated serum IgG4 level (>140 mg/dL. IgG4 subclass testing was performed for evaluation of suspected IgG4-RD or immunodeficiency. Twenty-nine patients (18.4% had definite or possible IgG4-RD. Among those patients without IgG4-RD, a broad spectrum of biliary tract, pancreatic, liver, and lung diseases, as well as systemic vasculitis, was diagnosed. We conclude that patients with elevated serum IgG4 levels encountered in clinical practice manifest a wide array of disorders, and only a small minority of them has IgG4-RD.

  3. IgG1 antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibodies in coeliac patients with selective IgA deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataldo, F; Lio, D; Marino, V; Picarelli, A; Ventura, A; Corazza, G; a SIGEP

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND—In selective IgA deficiency (IgAD), there is no reliable screening test for coeliac disease (CD).
AIM—To evaluate the usefulness of IgG1 antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase tests for CD diagnosis in IgAD.
METHODS—IgA and IgG antigliadin antibodies (IgA- and IgG-AGA), IgA and IgG1 antiendomysium antibodies (IgA- and IgG1-EMA), and IgA and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (IgA- and IgG-anti-tTG) were assayed in: (a) 20 untreated IgAD/CD patients; (b) 34 IgAD/CD patients on a strict gluten free diet (GFD); (c) 10 IgAD/CD patients not on a strict GFD; (d) 11 untreated CD patients without IgAD; (e) 10 healthy IgAD patients; and (f) 25 healthy controls.
RESULTS—In all untreated IgAD/CD patients, IgG1-EMA, IgG-anti-tTG, and IgG-AGA were positive whereas IgA antibodies against these antigens were negative. IgAD/CD patients on a strict GFD did not produce IgG-AGA or IgG1-EMA but four of 34 produced IgG anti-tTG. IgAD/CD subjects not on a strict GFD produced IgG-AGA whereas 5/10 and 4/10 were IgG1- EMA and IgG-anti-tTG negative, respectively. Untreated CD patients without IgAD were AGA (IgA and IgG), EMA (IgA and IgG1), and anti-tTG (IgA and IgG) positive. Healthy controls were AGA and EMA negative whereas two of 10 apparently healthy IgAD subjects and one of 25 healthy negative control were IgG-anti-tTG positive.
CONCLUSIONS—Both IgG1-EMA and IgG-anti-tTG tests appear to be useful for identification of IgAD/CD patients whereas they are less satisfactory for monitoring dietary compliance in these subjects. In addition, our findings seem to suggest that IgG-EMA autoantibodies produced by coeliac patients are mainly of the IgG1 subtype.


Keywords: IgG1 antiendomysium antibodies; IgG antitissue transglutaminase antibodies; selective IgA deficiency; coeliac disease PMID:10940273

  4. Avidity of IgG for rubella: an evaluation of the need for implementation at the Materno-Infantil Presidente Vargas Hospital in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, M M; Tessaro, M M; Cruz e Silva, J; Giordano, S A; d'Azevedo, P A

    2004-06-01

    Rubella serum assays performed in the laboratory of the Materno-Infantil Presidente Vargas Hospital (HMIPV) from 1998 to 2002 were reviewed to determine if IgG avidity assays should be implemented. IgG was determined using the Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay, ELFA, VIDAS system, bioMerieux or the Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay, MEIA, Axsym system, Abbott, and IgM was determined using the ELFA, VIDAS system, bioMerieux, a capture format assay. Specific IgG was assayed in 2,863 samples, with positive results for 84% of the patients, for the most part with high levels of antibodies. IgM was assayed in 2,851 samples, being positive in 14 (0.49%) and inconclusive in 25 (0.88%). Serology for toxoplasmosis was also positive or inconclusive in 5 patients. After a cost-effectiveness analysis, it was decided not to implement avidity assays, considering that the HMIPV is a public institution, with limited funding. Difficulties concerning the integration of the Clinical Pathology Service with the Clinical Staff of the institution were also considered.

  5. IgG1 antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibodies in coeliac patients with selective IgA deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Cataldo, F; Lio, D.; Marino, V.; Picarelli, A.; Ventura, A.; Corazza, G; a SIGEP,

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND—In selective IgA deficiency (IgAD), there is no reliable screening test for coeliac disease (CD).
AIM—To evaluate the usefulness of IgG1 antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase tests for CD diagnosis in IgAD.
METHODS—IgA and IgG antigliadin antibodies (IgA- and IgG-AGA), IgA and IgG1 antiendomysium antibodies (IgA- and IgG1-EMA), and IgA and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (IgA- and IgG-anti-tTG) were assayed in: (a) 20 untreated IgAD/CD patients; (b) 34 IgAD/CD patients...

  6. The role of IgG in immediate-type hypersensitivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, J. S.; Aalberse, R. C.

    1991-01-01

    Two opposed modes of action have been attributed to immunoglobulin G (IgG) in immediate-type allergy. On the one hand, a small fraction of IgG may have anaphylactic properties. On the other hand, IgG antibodies induced by hyposensitization therapy are considered to act as allergen blocking

  7. Intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIg): Properties of dimeric and sialylated IgG

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guhr, T.

    2013-01-01

    This thesis describes the properties of the IgG dimer and sialylated IgG fraction in IVIg. Both fractions have been suggested to contribute to the immune modulating effects of IVIg in the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Taken together we can conclude that the IgG dimer fraction is

  8. Specific IgG(4) responses during chronic and transient antigen exposure in aspergillosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tomee, JFC; Dubois, AEJ; Koeter, GH; Beaumont, F; vanderWerf, TS; Kauffman, HF

    The factors that lead to increased production of specific IgG subclasses are still largely unknown. Recent studies suggest that increased IgG(4) responses may be related to prolonged antigen exposure. We present data showing that increased IgG(4) responses are found under conditions of chronic

  9. Genetic and infectious profiles influence cerebrospinal fluid IgG abnormality in Japanese multiple sclerosis patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Yoshimura

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Abnormal intrathecal synthesis of IgG, reflected by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF oligoclonal IgG bands (OBs and increased IgG index, is much less frequently observed in Japanese multiple sclerosis (MS cohorts compared with Western cohorts. We aimed to clarify whether genetic and common infectious backgrounds influence CSF IgG abnormality in Japanese MS patients. METHODOLOGY: We analyzed HLA-DRB1 alleles, and IgG antibodies against Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen (EBNA, and varicella zoster virus (VZV in 94 patients with MS and 367 unrelated healthy controls (HCs. We defined CSF IgG abnormality as the presence of CSF OBs and/or increased IgG index (>0.658. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: CSF IgG abnormality was found in 59 of 94 (62.8% MS patients. CSF IgG abnormality-positive patients had a significantly higher frequency of brain MRI lesions meeting the Barkhof criteria compared with abnormality-negative patients. Compared with HCs, CSF IgG abnormality-positive MS patients showed a significantly higher frequency of DRB1 1501, whereas CSF IgG abnormality-negative patients had a significantly higher frequency of DRB1 0405. CSF IgG abnormality-positive MS patients had a significantly higher frequency of anti-C. pneumoniae IgG antibodies compared with CSF IgG abnormality-negative MS patients, although there was no difference in the frequency of anti-C. pneumoniae IgG antibodies between HCs and total MS patients. Compared with HCs, anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies were detected significantly less frequently in the total MS patients, especially in CSF IgG abnormality-negative MS patients. The frequencies of antibodies against EBNA and VZV did not differ significantly among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: CSF IgG abnormality is associated with Western MS-like brain MRI features. DRB1 1501 and C. pneumoniae infection confer CSF IgG abnormality, while DRB1 0405 and H. pylori infection are positively and negatively

  10. Neutrophil Fc gamma and complement receptors involved in binding soluble IgG immune complexes and in specific granule release induced by soluble IgG immune complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voice, J K; Lachmann, P J

    1997-10-01

    We examined the effect of soluble IgG immune complex (IC) characteristics on the binding of IC to human neutrophils and IC-induced specific granule release of neutrophils via Fc gamma receptors (CD16 and CD32) and complement receptors (CR1 and CR3). A set of soluble IgG IC varying in size, IgG subclass, antigen epitope density and complement (C) incorporation were formed between 5-iodo-4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenacetyl (NIP) coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA) and chimeric mouse-human anti-NIP monoclonal antibodies (mAb) of all four IgG subclasses. High and low epitope density IC of all four IgG subclasses induced specific granule release with C, but in the absence of C only IgG1 and IgG3 IC were functionally active. The Fc gamma and C receptors responsible for IgG IC-induced specific granule release and IC binding were determined using mAb specific for the ligand binding sites of CD16, CD32 and CR3, and recombinant soluble CR1. Each defined IC displayed a unique pattern of receptor preference, dependent upon subclass and antigenic epitope density. IC binding and IC-induced specific granule release was not mediated by the same receptor, or combination of receptors. High and low epitope density IgG3 IC binding and induction of specific granule release was mediated predominantly via CD16. Other IC subclasses bound differently, i.e. IgG1 IC used CD16 and CR3; IgG2 and IgG4 predominantly used complement receptors; but all three induced specific granule release via CD32. In vivo these results may translate into differential activation of neutrophils by soluble IC dependent upon their characteristics, leading to subtle nuances in the etiology, pathology and control of the immune response in IC-related diseases.

  11. Performance Evaluation of the VIDAS® Measles IgG Assay and Its Diagnostic Value for Measuring IgG Antibody Avidity in Measles Virus Infection

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    Julia Dina

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is primarily to compare the performance of the VIDAS® Measles immunoglobulin (IgG assay to that of two other serological assays using an immunoassay technique, Enzygnost® Anti-measles Virus/IgG (Siemens and Measles IgG CAPTURE EIA® (Microimmune. The sensitivity and the agreement of the VIDAS® Measles IgG assay compared to the Enzygnost® Anti-measles Virus/IgG assay and the Measles IgG CAPTURE EIA® assay are 100%, 97.2% and 99.0%, 98.4%, respectively. The very low number of negative sera for IgG antibodies does not allow calculation of specificity. As a secondary objective, we have evaluated the ability of the VIDAS® Measles IgG assay to measure anti-measles virus IgG antibody avidity with the help of the VIDAS® CMV IgG Avidity reagent, using 76 sera from subjects with measles and 238 other sera. Different groups of populations were analyzed. In the primary infection measles group, the mean IgG avidity index was 0.16 (range of 0.07 to 0.93 compared to 0.79 (range of 0.25 to 1 in the serum group positive for IgG antibodies and negative for IgM. These data allow to define a weak anti-measles virus IgG antibody avidity as an avidity index (AI < 0.3 and a strong avidity as an AI > 0.6. The VIDAS® Measles IgG assay has a performance equivalent to that of other available products. Its use, individual and quick, is well adapted to testing for anti-measles immunity in exposed subjects.

  12. Evaluation the Architect EBV VCA IgM, VCA IgG, and EBNA-1 IgG chemiluminescent immunoassays to assess EBV serostatus prior transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maylin, Sarah; Feghoul, Linda; Salmona, Maud; Herda, Adel; Mercier-Delarue, Séverine; Simon, François; Legoff, Jérôme

    2017-11-01

    Prior to transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells or solid organ, donor and recipient EBV serostatus has to be determined to assess risks of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders. Sensitivity of EBV Viral capsid antigens (VCA) IgG and EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) is critical to define past infection and a good specificity of VCA IgM is required to avoid any disqualification of cord blood (CB) units. Architect™ EBV antibody panel (Architect assay) providing a high throughput was compared to a semi-automated ELISA (Etimax assays Diasorin) to assess sensitivities and specificities of VCA and EBNA-1 IgG and VCA IgM on 419 sera collected from immunocompromised patients (n = 184) and from pregnant women who agreed to give CB cells (n = 235). Intra and inter-assay coefficient of variations ranged from 1.63% to 4.8% for VCA IgM, VCA IgG, and EBNA-1 IgG. Index of VCA IgG and IgM and EBNA IgG of the two assays were highly correlated. The concordance in the interpretation between the two assays was moderate for VCA IgM (kappa = 0.5), substantial for VCA IgG (kappa = 0.60) and good for EBNA-1 IgG (kappa = 0.75). Using serial dilutions of positive controls and in accordance with clinical results VCA IgG and EBNA IgG were detected at lower dilutions with Architect than Etimax. Conversely, 96.1% (74/77) of samples negative with Architect and positive with Etimax for VCA IgM did not have any heterophile antibodies and had VCA IgG and EBNA IgG antibodies supporting past infections. Architect™ EBV serology panel provided good sensitivities and specificities for EBV serostatus determination prior to transplantation. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 response to specific allergens in sensitized subjects showing different clinical reactivity to Anisakis simplex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ventura, M T; Rodriguez-Perez, R; Caballero, M L; Garcia-Alonso, M; Antonicelli, L; Asero, R

    2017-03-01

    Background. Anisakis simplex hypersensitive subjects may be sensitized without clinical allergy, or experience acute symptoms or chronic urticaria induced by raw fish. We studied whether the 3 subgroups differ in IgE, IgG1 or IgG4 reactivity to specific Anisakis simplex allergens. Methods. 28 Anisakis simplex-hypersensitive adults, 11 with acute symptoms, 9 with chronic urticaria, and 8 sensitized were studied. IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 to rAni s 1, 5, 9 and 10 were sought by ELISA. IgE and IgG4 to nAni s 4 were determined by WB. Results. IgE to Ani s 1, 4, 5, 9, and 10 were found in 8, 3, 2, 5, and 9 sera, respectively. Nine sera did not react to any allergen. IgG1 to Ani s 1, 5, 9, and 10 were detected in 5, 16, 14, and 4 sera, respectively. Four sera did not react to any of the 4 allergens. IgG4 to Ani s 1, 4, 5, 9, and 10 were detected in 10, 0, 2, 6 and 1 sera, respectively. Fifteen subjects did not react to any of the 5 allergens. On ELISA sensitized subjects showed lower IgE and IgG1 levels than patients. IgG4 levels were highest in the sensitized group. The prevalence of IgE, IgG1 or IgG4 reactivity to any of the studied allergens did not differ between the 3 subgroups. Conclusion. The clinical expression of Anisakis simplex sensitization does not seem to depend on IgE reactivity to a specific allergen of the parasite, nor on the presence of IgG antibodies possibly related with blocking activity.

  14. Serological IgG avidity test for ocular toxoplasmosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Subramaniam Suresh1, Saidin Nor-Masniwati1, Muhd Nor Nor-Idahriani1, Wan-Hitam Wan-Hazabbah1, Mohamed Zeehaida2, Embong Zunaina11Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, MalaysiaBackground: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunoglobulin (Ig G avidity of serological toxoplasmosis testing in patients with ocular inflammation and to determine the clinical manifestations of ocular toxoplasmosis.Methods: A retrospective review of all patients presenting with ocular inflammation to the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia between 2005 and 2009 was undertaken. Visual acuity, clinical manifestations at presentation, toxoplasmosis antibody testing, and treatment records were analyzed.Results: A total of 130 patients with ocular inflammation were reviewed retrospectively. The patients had a mean age of 38.41 (standard deviation 19.24, range 6–83 years. Seventy-one patients (54.6% were found to be seropositive, of whom five (3.8% were both IgG and IgM positive (suggestive of recently acquired ocular toxoplasmosis while one (0.8% showed IgG avidity ≤40% (suggestive of recently acquired ocular toxoplasmosis and 65 patients (50.0% showed IgG avidity >40% (suggestive of reactivation of toxoplasmosis infection. Chorioretinal scarring as an ocular manifestation was significantly more common in patients with seropositive toxoplasmosis (P = 0.036. Eighteen patients (13.8% were diagnosed as having recent and/or active ocular toxoplasmosis based on clinical manifestations and serological testing.Conclusion: Ocular toxoplasmosis is a clinical diagnosis, but specific toxoplasmosis antibody testing helps to support the diagnosis and to differentiate between reactivation of infection and recently acquired ocular toxoplasmosis.Keywords: ocular toxoplasmosis, chorioretinal scar, toxoplasmosis antibody, IgG avidity test

  15. Human IgG2 Antibody Disulfide Rearrangement in Vivo*

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Y. Diana; CHEN, XIAOYU; Enk, Jian Zhang-van; Plant, Matt; Dillon, Thomas M.; Flynn, Gregory C.

    2008-01-01

    Proteins destined to circulate in the blood are first folded and assembled in the endoplasmic reticulum of secretory cells. For antibodies, like many other serum proteins, the folding and assembly steps involve the formation of disulfide bonds. Such bonds have been thought to be static features of proteins, stabilizing domains, and linking polypeptide chains, although some cases of extracellular disulfide bond cleavage have been noted. Recently, the human IgG2 antibody...

  16. Determination of specific IgG antibody by crossed radioimmunoelectrophoresis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordvall, S.L. (Dept. of Paediatrics, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden); Uhlin, T.; Einarsson, R. (Allergy Research, Pharmacia Diagnostics AB, Uppsala, Sweden)

    1983-01-01

    A crossed radioimmunoelectrophoretic method was developed for detection of honey bee venom specific IgG antibodies in patient sera. At the serum concentration 1/200 the contrast between specific binding and backgroud was the most favourable. The detection limit was fairly low, approximately 30 kU/l(IgG RAST units). A reference system based on the reference kits in Phadebas IgG-RAST was elaborated.

  17. IgG subclass deficiencies in children: Facts and fiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahn, Volker; von Bernuth, Horst

    2017-09-01

    The chance to analyse the four IgG subclasses arose with the publication of Terry and Fahey(1) . Since then, a lot of new information on the role of subclasses and their deficiency states in humans has been obtained. This review tries to analyse critically our current knowledge of subclass deficiencies in children. © 2017 EAACI and John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

  18. The different effector function capabilities of the seven equine IgG subclasses have implications for vaccine strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Lewis, Melanie J.; Wagner, Bettina; Woof, Jenny M.

    2008-01-01

    Recombinant versions of the seven equine IgG subclasses were expressed in CHO cells. All assembled into intact immunoglobulins stabilised by disulphide bridges, although, reminiscent of human IgG4, a small proportion of equine IgG4 and IgG7 were held together by non-covalent bonds alone. All seven IgGs were N-glycosylated. In addition IgG3 appeared to be O-glycosylated and could bind the lectin jacalin. Staphylococcal protein A displayed weak binding for the equine IgGs in the order: IgG1 > I...

  19. Immunological studies on bee-keepers: specific IgG and subclass typing IgG against bee venom and bee venom components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbanek, R; Forster, J; Ziupa, J; Karitzky, D

    1980-11-17

    Specific IgE antibodies against bee venom and its components were studied in 23 bee-keepers. The highest IgG serum levels were observed for whole bee venom followed by phospholipase A. The serum levels of specific IgG antibodies against melittin and MCD-peptide were lower, the lowest serum levels being observed for apamin. After a 5 month absence from bee-keeping a fall in the serum levels of IgG antibodies was observed in all the bee-keepers studied. The investigation of the IgG subclass antibodies 1-4 against bee venom and phospholipase A demonstrated the highest serum levels for IgG 4 and IgG 2, the lowest levels were observed for IgG 1. The lowest IgG serum levels were associated with the least effective protection to bee stings. These findings support the concept that specific IgG antibodies prevent the development of allergic symptoms after bee sting.

  20. Diagnostic Approach to the Complexity of IgG4-Related Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, John H; Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Bosch, Xavier; Ramos-Casals, Manuel

    2015-07-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic disease characterized by the infiltration of IgG4-bearing plasma cells and, more importantly, distinctive histopathological features: storiform fibrosis, obliterative phlebitis, a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, and mild-to-moderate tissue eosinophilia. The diagnostic approach is complex and relies on the coexistence of various clinical, laboratory, and histopathological findings, none of which is pathognomonic in and of itself. IgG4-related disease should be suspected in patients presenting with unexplained enlargement or swelling of 1 or more organs or tissue organs. Four laboratory abnormalities often provide initial clues to the diagnosis of IgG4-RD: peripheral eosinophilia, hypergammaglobulinemia, elevated serum IgE levels, and hypocomplementemia. Elevated serum IgG4 levels provided critical information in identifying the first cases of IgG4-RD, but recent studies have reported substantial limitations to the measurement of serum IgG4 concentrations, precluding reliance on serum IgG4 concentrations for diagnostic purposes. In contrast, new studies have suggested a promising role of flow cytometry studies in the diagnosis and longitudinal management of IgG4-RD. Demonstration of the classic histopathological features of IgG4-RD remains crucial to diagnosis in most cases, and biopsy proof is preferred strongly by most disease experts before the initiation of treatment. Of note, the multiorgan nature of IgG4-RD was first established in 2003. This review intends to provide most recent knowledge about the clinical, laboratory, radiological, and pathological characteristics of IgG4-RD that may guide the physician to establish an early diagnosis. We searched PubMed and MEDLINE for relevant articles published between January 1, 2000, and November 1, 2014, using the search terms IgG4 and IgG4-related. Copyright © 2015 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Georges Canguilhem: sobre vida e conhecimento da vida [Georges Canguilhem: on life and knowledge of life

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    Filicio Mulinari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como fundamento as obras de Georges Canguilhem, sobretudo a obra O normal e o patológico e os escritos "O pensamento e o vivente" e "O conceito e a vida", este artigo busca analisar o modo como Georges Canguilhem entende as noções de vida e conhecimento de vida, relacionando ambos os conceitos e indicando, nas linhas teóricas do filósofo francês, como é possível conhecimento o sobre a vida e o vivente. O artigo, inicialmente passando pelos conceitos de normal e patológico, buscará situar e fundamentar o conceito de vida enquanto "atividade normativa". Após isso, na segunda parte, buscará expor o tratamento dado por Canguilhem aos problemas relativos ao conhecimento da vida, analisando as questões histórico-filosóficas relacionadas ao problema e, por fim, as descobertas da biologia contemporânea que permitiram a Canguilhem lançar novos caminhos ao tema tratado.

  2. Calidad de vida y felicidad: no es exactamento lo mismo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractLa " Calidad de vida" se concibe como un amplio concepto que abarca tres significados: 1) Calidad del entorno en que vivimos; 2) Calidad de acción y 3) Disfrute subjetivo de la vida. La " Felicidad " se incluye en este último significado. Se define como la apreciación completa de la vida

  3. Biophysical and Functional Characterization of Rhesus Macaque IgG Subclasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boesch, Austin W.; Osei-Owusu, Nana Yaw; Crowley, Andrew R.; Chu, Thach H.; Chan, Ying N.; Weiner, Joshua A.; Bharadwaj, Pranay; Hards, Rufus; Adamo, Mark E.; Gerber, Scott A.; Cocklin, Sarah L.; Schmitz, Joern E.; Miles, Adam R.; Eckman, Joshua W.; Belli, Aaron J.; Reimann, Keith A.; Ackerman, Margaret E.

    2016-01-01

    Antibodies raised in Indian rhesus macaques [Macaca mulatta (MM)] in many preclinical vaccine studies are often evaluated in vitro for titer, antigen-recognition breadth, neutralization potency, and/or effector function, and in vivo for potential associations with protection. However, despite reliance on this key animal model in translation of promising candidate vaccines for evaluation in first in man studies, little is known about the properties of MM immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclasses and how they may compare to human IgG subclasses. Here, we evaluate the binding of MM IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 to human Fc gamma receptors (FcγR) and their ability to elicit the effector functions of human FcγR-bearing cells, and unlike in humans, find a notable absence of subclasses with dramatically silent Fc regions. Biophysical, in vitro, and in vivo characterization revealed MM IgG1 exhibited the greatest effector function activity followed by IgG2 and then IgG3/4. These findings in rhesus are in contrast with the canonical understanding that IgG1 and IgG3 dominate effector function in humans, indicating that subclass-switching profiles observed in rhesus studies may not strictly recapitulate those observed in human vaccine studies. PMID:28018355

  4. Neuron-derived IgG Protects Neurons from Complement-dependent Cytotoxicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jie; Li, Bingjie; McNutt, Michael A.

    2013-01-01

    Passive immunity of the nervous system has traditionally been thought to be predominantly due to the blood-brain barrier. This concept must now be revisited based on the existence of neuron-derived IgG. The conventional concept is that IgG is produced solely by mature B lymphocytes, but it has now been found to be synthesized by murine and human neurons. However, the function of this endogenous IgG is poorly understood. In this study, we confirm IgG production by rat cortical neurons at the protein and mRNA levels, with 69.0 ± 5.8% of cortical neurons IgG-positive. Injury to primary-culture neurons was induced by complement leading to increases in IgG production. Blockage of neuron-derived IgG resulted in more neuronal death and early apoptosis in the presence of complement. In addition, FcγRI was found in microglia and astrocytes. Expression of FcγR I in microglia was increased by exposure to neuron-derived IgG. Release of NO from microglia triggered by complement was attenuated by neuron-derived IgG, and this attenuation could be reversed by IgG neutralization. These data demonstrate that neuron-derived IgG is protective of neurons against injury induced by complement and microglial activation. IgG appears to play an important role in maintaining the stability of the nervous system. PMID:23979841

  5. Overview of IgG4-Related Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Its Mimickers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyeon Joo Jeong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN is the most common form of renal involvement in IgG4-related disease. It is characterized by a dominant infiltrate of IgG4-positive plasma cells in the interstitium and storiform fibrosis. Demonstration of IgG4-positive plasma cells is essential for diagnosis, but the number of IgG4-positive cells and the ratio of IgG4-positive/IgG-positive plasma cells may vary from case to case and depending on the methods of tissue sampling even in the same case. IgG4-positive plasma cells can be seen in TIN associated with systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, or anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody–associated vasculitis, which further add diagnostic confusion and difficulties. To have a more clear view of IgG4-TIN and to delineate differential points from other TIN with IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltrates, clinical and histological features of IgG4-TIN and its mimickers were reviewed. In the rear part, cases suggesting overlap of IgG4-TIN and its mimickers and glomerulonephritis associated with IgG4-TIN were briefly described.

  6. Testing for IgG class antibodies in celiac disease patients with selective IgA deficiency. A comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of 9 IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase, 1 IgG anti-gliadin and 1 IgG anti-deaminated gliadin peptide antibody assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalta, Danilo; Alessio, Maria Grazia; Tampoia, Marilina; Tonutti, Elio; Brusca, Ignazio; Bagnasco, Marcello; Pesce, Giampaola; Stella, Sergio; Bizzaro, Nicola

    2007-07-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic characteristics of commercially available IgG anti-tTG assays in selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD), we tested different IgG anti-tTG methods and compared the results with those obtained from two other tests: one for IgG anti-gliadin (AGA) and one for IgG to deaminated gliadin peptides (DGP). 20 CD patients with SIgAD and 113 controls (9 patients with SIgAD without CD; 54 patients with chronic liver disease; 50 healthy subjects) were tested with 9 IgG anti-tTG assays (2 of which are enriched with gliadin peptides), one IgG AGA assay and one IgG anti-DGP assay. Using optimal cutoffs as determined by ROC curves, the sensitivity of IgG anti-tTG methods ranged from 75% (1 kit) to 95% (7 kits) and the specificity from 94% (1 kit) to 100% (5 kits). Sensitivity and specificity were 40% and 87% for IgG AGA, and 80% and 98% for IgG anti-DGP, respectively. All IgG anti-tTG methods evaluated are reliable serologic assays for the diagnosis of CD in patients with SIgAD and perform better than the gliadin-based assays used in this study. The tests containing both tTG and gliadinic peptides are burdened by a lower specificity than the anti-tTG assays.

  7. The Utility of Serum IgG4 Concentrations as a Biomarker

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawa, Shigeyuki; Ito, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Takayuki; Maruyama, Masahiro; Hamano, Hideaki; Maruyama, Masafumi; Muraki, Takashi; Arakura, Norikazu

    2012-01-01

    IgG4-related disease is a new disease entity involving IgG4 in its clinical presentation and having 6 characteristic features: (1) systemic involvement; (2) solitary or multiple lesions showing diffuse or localized swelling, masses, nodules, and/or wall thickening on imaging; (3) high serum IgG4 concentration >135 mg/dL; (4) abundant infiltration of lymphoplasmacytes and IgG4-bearing plasma cells; (5) a positive response to corticosteroid therapy; and (6) complications of other IgG4-related diseases. To date, most IgG4-related diseases have been recognized as extrapancreatic lesions of autoimmune pancreatitis. This paper will discuss the utility of IgG4 as a biomarker of IgG4-related diseases, including in the diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis and its differentiation from pancreatic cancer, in the prediction of relapse, in the long-term follow-up of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and normal or elevated IgG4 concentrations, and in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and extrapancreatic lesions, as well as the role of IgG4 in the pathogenesis of IgG4-related disease. PMID:22536256

  8. The Utility of Serum IgG4 Concentrations as a Biomarker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shigeyuki Kawa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease is a new disease entity involving IgG4 in its clinical presentation and having 6 characteristic features: (1 systemic involvement; (2 solitary or multiple lesions showing diffuse or localized swelling, masses, nodules, and/or wall thickening on imaging; (3 high serum IgG4 concentration >135 mg/dL; (4 abundant infiltration of lymphoplasmacytes and IgG4-bearing plasma cells; (5 a positive response to corticosteroid therapy; and (6 complications of other IgG4-related diseases. To date, most IgG4-related diseases have been recognized as extrapancreatic lesions of autoimmune pancreatitis. This paper will discuss the utility of IgG4 as a biomarker of IgG4-related diseases, including in the diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis and its differentiation from pancreatic cancer, in the prediction of relapse, in the long-term follow-up of patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and normal or elevated IgG4 concentrations, and in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis and extrapancreatic lesions, as well as the role of IgG4 in the pathogenesis of IgG4-related disease.

  9. Systemic IgG4-related disease with extensive peripheral nerve involvement that progressed from localized IgG4-related lymphadenopathy: an autopsy case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Masayoshi; Sato, Yasuharu; Ohara, Nobuya; Hashimoto, Kenji; Kobashi, Haruhiko; Koyama, Yoshinobu; Yoshino, Tadashi

    2014-02-21

    A 77-year-old man, with a lengthy medical history of chronic dysuria, constipation, hypertension, myocardial infarction, and a submandibular lymphadenopathy that was excised 3 years ago, was hospitalized due to elevated liver enzyme levels. He demonstrated hypergammaglobulinemia, hyperproteinemia, high levels of IgG and IgG4, eosinophilia, sclerosing cholangitis, and retroperitoneal fibrosis. He was diagnosed with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). While hospitalized, he had several episodes of syncope while standing and was diagnosed with autonomic nerve dysfunction. Thirty days after hospitalization, he died of nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). Post-mortem, his submandibular lymphadenopathy lesion was diagnosed with progressively transformed germinal center (PTGC)-type IgG4-related lymphadenopathy. At autopsy, small and large intestines showed mucosal necrosis and the wall muscles of the transverse to sigmoid colon were necrotic. The sigmoid colon was fibrotic and infiltrated with numerous IgG4+ plasma cells and eosinophils; infiltration into Auerbach's plexus was also observed. The IgG4-RD lesions were also detected in the mesentery of the sigmoid colon, retroperitoneal soft tissue, abdominal aorta, liver, extrahepatic bile duct, bilateral lungs, bilateral kidneys, urinary bladder, prostate, epicardium, bilateral coronary arteries, and lymph nodes. Interestingly, infiltration into the lesions was most notable around the peripheral nerves in every organ. Thus, this case describes an IgG4-RD that progressed from PTGC-type IgG4-related lymphadenopathy to systemic IgG4-RD, suggesting that IgG4-RD may affect many organs through peripheral nerve involvement. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/9995992971155224.

  10. IgG Suppresses Antibody Responses in Mice Lacking C1q, C3, Complement Receptors 1 and 2, or IgG Fc-Receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergström, Joakim J E; Heyman, Birgitta

    2015-01-01

    Antigen-specific IgG antibodies, passively administered to mice or humans together with large particulate antigens like erythrocytes, can completely suppress the antibody response against the antigen. This is used clinically in Rhesus prophylaxis, where administration of IgG anti-RhD prevents RhD-negative women from becoming immunized against RhD-positive fetal erythrocytes aquired transplacentally. The mechanisms by which IgG suppresses antibody responses are poorly understood. We have here addressed whether complement or Fc-receptors for IgG (FcγRs) are required for IgG-mediated suppression. IgG, specific for sheep red blood cells (SRBC), was administered to mice together with SRBC and the antibody responses analyzed. IgG was able to suppress early IgM- as well as longterm IgG-responses in wildtype mice equally well as in mice lacking FcγRIIB (FcγRIIB knockout mice) or FcγRI, III, and IV (FcRγ knockout mice). Moreover, IgG was able to suppress early IgM responses equally well in mice lacking C1q (C1qA knockout mice), C3 (C3 knockout mice), or complement receptors 1 and 2 (Cr2 knockout mice) as in wildtype mice. Owing to the previously described severely impaired IgG responses in the complement deficient mice, it was difficult to assess whether passively administered IgG further decreased their IgG response. In conclusion, Fc-receptor binding or complement-activation by IgG does not seem to be required for its ability to suppress antibody responses to xenogeneic erythrocytes.

  11. Covariance structures of fat and protein influence the estimation of IgG in bovine colostrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Løkke, Mette Marie; Engelbrecht, Rikke; Wiking, Lars

    2016-02-01

    On-farm instruments for assessing colostrum quality are needed in order to ensure that the calf is supplied with enough IgG to avoid failure of passive transfer. The aim of this study was to evaluate methods for estimating the IgG concentration in cows' colostrum. This research included 126 colostrum samples from 21 Danish farms with different breeds, ensuring a broad variation pattern in IgG, total protein and fat concentration. Approximately one third of the samples did not fulfil the recommendation of >50 g IgG/l colostrum, and the IgG concentration decreased with time from calving to milking. The ratio of IgG to total protein varied from 6 to 61%, however IgG and total protein were correlated with r2 = 0.70. The variation in fat was independent of variations in protein and IgG. The IgG concentration was measured by ELISA and compared to fast measurements by specific gravity by colostrometer, Brix by refractometer and prediction from infrared spectroscopy. The three fast methods were all correlated to the total protein concentration of colostrum; however specific gravity was also influenced by the fat concentration. Furthermore, specific gravity generally overestimated the IgG concentration, and the cut-off level should be raised to 1050 in order to ensure adequate IgG in colostrum. None of the methods estimated IgG concentration better than the correlation of total protein and IgG, meaning that they all depended on the indirect correlation between total protein and IgG. The results suggest that using a refractometer for quality control of colostrum is an easy and feasible method, and a cut-off level of Brix 22 seems sufficient to assure adequate IgG concentration in colostrum fed to the calf.

  12. The subclass distribution of IgG autoantibodies in cicatricial pemphigoid and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, P; Prost, C; Aucouturier, P; Durepaire, N; Denis, F; Bonnetblanc, J M

    1991-08-01

    To study the subclass distribution of autoantibodies and their complement-fixing capacity in cicatricial pemphigoid (CP) and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) we studied the sera from 23 patients by both indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on 4-microns cryostat sections of normal human skin and immunoblotting of epidermal or dermal extracts. Monoclonal antibodies of strict specificity for human IgG subclasses were used. Sera from 20 patients with BP served as controls. In addition, total IgG subclass levels were determined by indirect competitive ELISA in all sera. Complement binding capacity was studied by IIF using antibodies to C3 after incubation of skin section with autoantibodies and source of fresh complement. CP autoantibodies reacting with the 230-240 kD and/or the 180-kD epidermal bands showed an IgG4/IgG1 subclass restriction, with a predominance of IgG4 in 10 cases, of IgG1 in four. In BP sera, IgG4 and IgG1 autoantibodies were detected with a similar frequency (100% and 83%, respectively). In EBA sera, autoantibodies reacting with the 290 kD and 145 kD dermal bands also showed an IgG1/IgG4 restriction. Concordant results were obtained by IIF. However, the IIF method had a lower sensitivity for the detection of IgG4 CP antibodies and IgG1 EBA antibodies than immunoblotting. Finally, when CP antibodies were analyzed for their complement-binding activity, it was found that sera containing IgG4 autoantibodies alone never fixed complement whereas all complement-fixing CP sera had IgG1 autoantibodies, suggesting that only this subclass of antibodies is capable of fixing complement.

  13. Cytokine-induced immune complex binding to the high-affinity IgG receptor, FcγRI, in the presence of monomeric IgG

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Poel, C.E.; Karssemeijer, R.A.; Boross, P.; van der Linden, J.A.; Blokland - Fromme, M.; van de Winkel, J.G.J.; Leusen, J.H.W.

    2010-01-01

    FcγRI is the sole high-affinity immunoglobulin G (IgG) receptor on leukocytes. Its role in immunity and the clearance of opsonized particles has been challenged, as the receptor function may well be hindered by serum IgG. Here, we document immune complex binding by FcγRI to be readily enhanced by

  14. Are Classification Criteria for IgG4-RD Now Possible? The Concept of IgG4-Related Disease and Proposal of Comprehensive Diagnostic Criteria in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazuichi Okazaki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies suggest simultaneous or metachronous lesions in multiorgans characterized by elevated serum levels of IgG4 and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells with various degrees of fibrosis. Two Japanese research committees for IgG4-RD, one from fibrosclerosis (Okazaki team and the other from lymph proliferation (Umehara team supported by the “Research Program for Intractable Disease” of the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare of Japan, have agreed with the unified nomenclature as “IgG4-RD” and proposed the comprehensive diagnostic criteria (CDC for IgG4-RD. Validation of the CDC demonstrated satisfactory sensitivity for the practical use of general physicians and nonspecialists but low sensitivity in the organs to be difficult in taking biopsy specimens such as type1 autoimmune pancreatitis (IgG4-related AIP, compared with IgG4-related sialadenitis/dacryoadenitis (Mikulicz's disease and IgG4-related kidney disease. Although the diagnostic criteria covering all IgG4-RD are hard to be established, combination with the CDC and organ-specific diagnostic criteria should improve sensitivity.

  15. METÁFORAS DA VIDA PLENA

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    Eunice Terezinha Piazza Gai

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O texto constitui uma reflexão sobre a metáfora da vida plena associada às idéias de utopia e de paraíso perdido, presentes em dois textos narrativos. Um, intitulado “Quando a vida era plena não existia a história”, pertence ao livro de Thomas Merton, A via de Chuang Tzu e o outro, “O sonho de um homem ridículo”, é de Dostoievski. O estudo volta-se para a análise dos textos narrativos, para alguns aspectos teóricos sobre a metáfora e para a linguagem, colocando em pauta a dupla face de que esta se constitui: portadora de sentido e ao mesmo tempo, testemunha da incompletude e carência humanas.

  16. SUEÑO Y CALIDAD DE VIDA

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    Gualberto Buela-Casal

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Existe una estrecha interrelación entre los procesos de sueño y el estado general de salud física y psicológica de una persona. En el presente artículo se revisan algunas de las principales líneas de investigación que abordan las relaciones entre el sueño y la calidad de vida. Se analiza la influencia de los diferentes patrones de sueño (patrón de sueño corto, intermedio y largo y de la calidad del sueño (sueño eficiente/no eficiente en la salud y la calidad de vida. Se examinan las consecuencias sobre la salud de ciertos cambios en el sueño que son muy frecuentes en nuestro actual estilo de vida, tales como la privación de sueño o el trabajar en un sistema de turnos rotatorios o de trabajo nocturno, y de algunos de los trastornos del sueño más importantes como el insomnio o la apnea. El sueño es sin duda un excelente indicador del estado de salud de las personas tanto en muestras clínicas como en la población general. El desarrollo de estrategias preventivas y de intervención que reduzcan las alteraciones del sueño redundará en una mejor calidad de vida.

  17. Qualidade de vida de adolescentes modelos profissionais

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    Luciana Pires

    Full Text Available Muitas adolescentes deixam suas famílias para seguir a profissão de modelo, sonhando com um futuro glamoroso. O presente estudo caso-controle analisou a qualidade de vida de 74 adolescentes do sexo feminino, sendo 37 modelos, agenciadas em São Paulo, com delineamento transversal, utilizando o World Health Organization Quality of Life - versão breve (WHOQOL-BREF, que avalia qualidade de vida global e os domínios físico, psicológico, social e ambiental. Utilizou-se o Critério Brasil 2008, para avaliação do nível socioeconômico e para parear o grupo controle. Em geral, o grupo de modelos obteve médias superiores ao grupo de não modelos, sendo esta diferença significante apenas no domínio psicológico. Observou-se que as adolescentes modelos apresentaram uma qualidade de vida semelhante à das não modelos.

  18. Qualidade de vida na epilepsia infantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOUZA ELISABETE ABIB PEDROSO DE

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A epilepsia é desordem crônica que ocorre principalmente na infância e adolescência. Tradicionalmente, o tratamento da epilepsia enfatiza aspectos neurológicos mais do que fatores psicológicos. A aten��ão voltada simplesmente para o controle das crises no contexto clínico pode não ser suficiente para entender a grande amplitude de problemas que afetam a qualidade de vida das crianças com epilepsia. Muitas das dificuldades psicossociais dos adultos com epilepsia desenvolvem-se a partir de complicações associadas ao início da doença. Crianças com epilepsia têm alta prevalência de problemas de comportamento e aprendizagem. Avaliar a qualidade de vida em crianças com epilepsia é importante, especialmente porque elas passam por períodos críticos de desenvolvimento, durante os quais são desenvolvidas habilidades cognitivas e sociais. A fim de instrumentalizar o profissional que atende crianças epilépticas, este estudo apresenta um inventário simplificado de qualidade de vida, no qual são abordados aspectos culturais, pessoais, sociais e relacionamento familiar e social. Esta investigação possibilita maior conhecimento sobre a criança e um melhor direcionamento nas condutas terapêuticas.

  19. PROGRAMA DE ATENDIMENTO À ADOLESCENTES GRÁVIDAS E A CONSTRUÇÃO DE UM PROJETO DE VIDA

    OpenAIRE

    Kudlowiez, Sara

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo deste de trabaho foi compreender o projetode vida de adolescentes grávidas. Para tanto, foram investigadas suas expectativas de futuro antes e após a gravidez, e, posteriormente, se a gravidez fazia parte de seus projetos de vida. Percebeu-se que a maioria das adolescentes entrevistadas não planejou a gravidez, nem sequer tinha pensado sobre a gravidez em si , e nas prováveis repercussões desse fato em suas vidas. Participaram da pesquisa, 16 adolescentes grávidas, na faixa etária ...

  20. Simultaneous immunolocalization of desmoglein 3 and IgG4 in oral pemphigus vulgaris: IgG4 predominant autoantibodies in its pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abé, Tatsuya; Maruyama, Satoshi; Babkair, Hamzah; Yamazaki, Manabu; Cheng, Jun; Saku, Takashi

    2015-11-01

    Oral pemphigus vulgaris (PV), an autoimmune blistering disease, is mainly mediated by autoantibodies against desmoglein (Dsg) 3. However, no attention has been paid to IgG subclasses of the autoantibodies against Dsg3 in the diagnostic procedure for PV. Thus, our aim in this study was to investigate whether Dsg3 and any of IgG subclasses are immunohistochemically colocalized in tissue sections of PV oral mucosa. Serial sections cut from formalin-fixed paraffin blocks of biopsy specimens of 9 PV cases and those of normal buccal mucosa surgically removed for fibro-epithelial polyps were comparatively examined for immunohistochemical localizations for Dsg3, IgG4, and IgG. Dsg3 was demonstrated in a dot-like pattern on the cell border and in the cytoplasm of the whole epithelial layer in both normal and PV specimens, while its staining was irregular among floating epithelial sheets of PV. IgG4 was also demonstrated in a punctuated fashion on the cell border among floating epithelial sheets, which was nearly identical to the immunohistochemical profile of Dsg3. In addition to being detected in the epithelial part, IgG4 signals were prominently localized in plasma cells scattered in the granulation tissue, where ratios of IgG4-positive (+) plasma cells to IgG+ cells were extraordinarily higher (mean 28%) than those in normal mucosa. These findings confirmed for the first time that autoantibodies against Dsg3 are mainly composed of IgG4 in oral PV and that the combined immunohistochemistry for Dsg3 and IgG4 can be a valuable aid in confirming a histopathological diagnosis of PV. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Intrachiasmatic abscess caused by IgG4-related hypophysitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios F; Lund, Eva Løbner; Poulsgaard, Lars; Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla; Rasmussen, Åse Krogh; Wegener, Marianne; Fugleholm, Kåre

    2017-11-01

    Autoimmune hypophysitis is a rare disease of the pituitary, which may affect vision by inflammation and compression of the optic chiasm. However, intrachiasmatic abscess formation has not been previously reported. In this study, we report a case of a 29-year-old female with bitemporal hemianopia due to a cystic intrasellar tumor. The patient underwent surgical decompression of the lesion, which was found to be an intrachiasmatic abscess. The histologic findings were consistent with IgG4 hypophysitis. This rare clinical presentation suggests that in case of a disproportionate degree of visual impairment in relation to the size of the lesion, suspicion should lead to an intrachiasmatic lesion.

  2. Ophthalmic immunoglobulin G4-related disease IgG4-RD Current concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulay, Kaustubh; Wick, Mark R

    2016-05-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a distinct entity that frequently occurs in an ophthalmic location. As such, IgG4-RD is not limited to the orbit but may also involve other anatomical structures in and around the eye. Hence, the term 'ophthalmic IgG4-RD' is preferred over 'orbital IgG4-RD.' A high level of suspicion for the diagnosis can be derived from careful clinicoradiologic examination; the use of immunohistochemical staining for IgG4 in the context of characteristic histopathologic features is needed to reach a correct diagnosis. Recently described diagnostic criteria for ophthalmic IgG4-RD address subtle, yet significant, differences from IgG4-RD as seen in other systemic sites. Serum IgG4 titers are neither sensitive nor specific for the diagnosis of IgG4-RD and should not relied upon solely. Although most cases respond well to therapy with glucocorticoids, refractoriness to treatment and relapses are common. They necessitate the use of additional immunotherapy in such patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. [Review of ear and nose and throat involvement in IgG4-RD].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Xiaofeng; Liu, Chang; Song, Bo

    2015-11-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized disease entity. IgG4-RD is characterized by a single or multiple masses in one or more organs; a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate with a high percentage of plasma cells within the lesion staining for IgG4; a peculiar pattern of fibrosis known as "storiform" fibrosis; and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. IgG4-RD can occur in various organs, including pancreas, kidneys, lungs, retroperitoneum, and prostate gland. The head and neck involvements of IgG4-RD have been chiefly described in Mikulicz disease (MD), Küttner's tumor, orbital? inflammatory pseudotumor, and idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis (IHP) previously. Recent studies reported that IgG4-RD could also involve ear, nose and throat. Here we reviewed the literatures about ear, nose and throat involvement by IgG4-RD, in order to provide some theoretical bases for the diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-RD.

  4. IgG4-related mastitis, a rare disease, can radiologically and histologically mimic malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Rin; Horiguchi, Shin-ichiro; Yamashita, Toshinari; Kamisawa, Terumi

    2016-03-23

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is characterised by high serum concentrations of IgG4, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates, storiform fibrosis and increased IgG4-positive plasma cells in tissues. This systemic disease occurs in various organs metachronously, but IgG4-related mastitis appears extremely rare. We report a case of IgG4-related mastitis, radiologically considered to represent breast cancer mainly composed of intraductal component and requiring histological differentiation from mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The breast mass disappeared with steroid therapy. When patients have a breast mass, regardless of the presence or absence of IgG4-RD, IgG4-related mastitis should be considered in addition to breast cancer. If histological findings show dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates, IgG4-related mastitis should be suspected in addition to malignant lymphoma, and lack of monoclonality should be confirmed. To avoid unnecessary surgery or chemotherapy, knowledge and accurate diagnosis of the entity of IgG4-related mastitis is necessary. 2016 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  5. Association of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus With Decreased Immunosuppressive Potential of the IgG Glycome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vučković, Frano; Krištić, Jasminka; Gudelj, Ivan; Teruel, Maria; Keser, Toma; Pezer, Marija; Pučić‐Baković, Maja; Štambuk, Jerko; Trbojević‐Akmačić, Irena; Barrios, Clara; Pavić, Tamara; Menni, Cristina; Wang, Youxin; Zhou, Yong; Cui, Liufu; Song, Haicheng; Zeng, Qiang; Guo, Xiuhua; Pons‐Estel, Bernardo A.; McKeigue, Paul; Leslie Patrick, Alan; Gornik, Olga; Spector, Tim D.; Harjaček, Miroslav; Molokhia, Mariam; Wang, Wei; Lauc, Gordan

    2015-01-01

    Objective Glycans attached to the Fc portion of IgG are important modulators of IgG effector functions. Interindividual differences in IgG glycome composition are large and they associate strongly with different inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. IKZF1, HLA–DQ2A/B, and BACH2 genetic loci that affect IgG glycome composition show pleiotropy with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), indicating a potentially causative role of aberrant IgG glycosylation in SLE. We undertook this large multicenter case–control study to determine whether SLE is associated with altered IgG glycosylation. Methods Using ultra‐performance liquid chromatography analysis of released glycans, we analyzed the composition of the IgG glycome in 261 SLE patients and 247 matched controls of Latin American Mestizo origin (the discovery cohort) and in 2 independent replication cohorts of different ethnicity (108 SLE patients and 193 controls from Trinidad, and 106 SLE patients and 105 controls from China). Results Multiple statistically significant differences in IgG glycome composition were observed between patients and controls. The most significant changes included decreased galactosylation and sialylation of IgG (which regulate proinflammatory and antiinflammatory actions of IgG) as well as decreased core fucose and increased bisecting N‐acetylglucosamine (which affect antibody‐dependent cell‐mediated cytotoxicity). Conclusion The IgG glycome in SLE patients is significantly altered in a way that decreases immunosuppressive action of circulating immunoglobulins. The magnitude of observed changes is associated with the intensity of the disease, indicating that aberrant IgG glycome composition or changes in IgG glycosylation may be an important molecular mechanism in SLE. PMID:26200652

  6. Clinical and laboratory evaluation of periodically monitored Turkish children with IgG subclass deficiencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Neslihan Edeer; Karadeniz, Cem; Aksu, Guzide; Kutukculer, Necil

    2009-03-01

    IgG subclass deficiencies are common immune system disorders during childhood. The aim of this retrospective study was to review clinical findings and laboratory results of patients with IgG subclass deficiencies in order to determine the changes in serum IgG subclass levels during follow-up, the percentage and time span until normalization of the IgG subclass levels to age-corresponding normal levels, the type of infections incurred and the benefits of prophylaxis. Among the 59 pediatric patients reviewed, the most frequent defect was an IgG3 subclass deficiency (77%). Nine percent of the patients had an isolated IgG2 deficiency and 14% had an IgG2+G3 deficiency. The most common clinical presentations were recurrent upper respiratory tract infections, followed by pneumonia, acute gastroenteritis and urinary tract infections. Atopy was present in 15% of the patients. Ninety percent of the patients were given a prophylactic treatment (benzathine penicillin, oral antibiotics, oral bacterial lysate or intravenous immunoglobulin). The frequency of recurrent infections decreased from 13.4 +/- 7.4 per year to 5.7 +/- 3.9 in patients receiving a prophylactic regimen. Serum IgG subclass levels reached normal ranges in 30% of the patients in the IgG3 deficiency group and in 35.7% of the patients in the IgG2+G3 deficiency group. Patients with an isolated IgG2 deficiency did not reach age-related normal levels during the study period. Our study shows that IgG subclass levels may normalize in 30 to 40% of patients at about 6 years of age. We emphasize the need of monitoring IgG levels together with the clinical symptomatology in affected individuals and initiate preventive measures when appropriate.

  7. IgG4 immunostaining and its implications in orbital inflammatory disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda J Wong

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease is an emerging clinical entity which frequently involves tissue within the orbit. In order to appreciate the implications of IgG4 immunostaining, we analyzed gene expression and the prevalence of IgG4- immunostaining among subjects with orbital inflammatory diseases. METHODS: We organized an international consortium to collect orbital biopsies from 108 subjects including 22 with no known orbital disease, 42 with nonspecific orbital inflammatory disease (NSOI, 26 with thyroid eye disease (TED, 12 with sarcoidosis, and 6 with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA. Lacrimal gland and orbital adipose tissue biopsies were immunostained for IgG4 or IgG secreting plasma cells. RNA transcripts were quantified by Affymetrix arrays. RESULTS: None of the healthy controls or subjects with TED had substantial IgG4 staining. Among the 63 others, the prevalence of significant IgG4-immunostaining ranged from 11 to 39% depending on the definition for significant. IgG4 staining was detectable in the majority of tissues from subjects with GPA and less commonly in tissue from subjects with sarcoidosis or NSOI. The detection of IgG4+ cells correlated with inflammation in the lacrimal gland based on histology. IgG4 staining tissue expressed an increase in transcripts associated with inflammation, especially B cell-related genes. Functional annotation analysis confirmed this. CONCLUSION: IgG4+ plasma cells are common in orbital tissue from patients with sarcoidosis, GPA, or NSOI. Even using the low threshold of 10 IgG4+ cells/high powered field, IgG4 staining correlates with increased inflammation in the lacrimal gland based on histology and gene expression.

  8. Aborto espontâneo e toxoplasmose ocular em um casal infectado com Toxoplasma gondii = Spontaneous abortion and ocular toxoplasmosis in a couple infected with Toxoplasma gondii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Souza, Carla Zangari de

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Relatar os casos de um casal, em que a esposa apresentou toxoplasmose na gestação e o esposo, após 15 anos, foi diagnosticado com toxoplasmose ocular. Relato dos casos: Gestante, grávida de gêmeos, residente de um estado na região Sul do Brasil. No primeiro mês de gestação apresentou sorologia não reagente para IgG e IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii. Na sétima semana de gestação houve soroconversão (IgM e IgG anti-T. gondii reagentes e aborto natural. O esposo, após 15 anos desde o episódio da esposa, queixou-se de visão embaçada/irritada. O exame de fundoscopia revelou lesões típicas de coriorretinite recidivante por toxoplasmose no olho direito. Os exames sorológicos foram IgG anti-T. gondii reagente e IgM anti-T. gondii não reagente. Conclusões: Este relato, de um casal com desfechos clínicos importantes de toxoplasmose, em diferentes formas, enfatiza a relevância do problema da toxoplasmose, que nas suas diversas manifestações, pode trazer graves consequências para a vida de uma família

  9. A novel immunopathological association of IgG4-RD and vasculitis with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minamino, Hiroto; Inaba, Hidefumi; Ariyasu, Hiroyuki; Furuta, Hiroto; Nishi, Masahiro; Yoshimasu, Takashi; Nishikawa, Akinori; Nakanishi, Masanori; Tsuchihashi, Shigeki; Kojima, Fumiyoshi; Murata, Shin-Ichi; Inoue, Gen; Akamizu, Takashi

    2016-01-01

    A 73-year-old man with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) suffered from purpura on the lower legs. He was diagnosed with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) with serum IgG4 elevation and dacryo-sialadenitis confirmed histologically. Serum Th2 and Treg cytokines, interleukin 7 (IL7), IL8 and Th2 chemokine levels were elevated, while skewed Th1 balance was seen in fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). Therefore, preferential Th1 balance in HT appeared to be followed by IgG4-RD characterized with Th2 and Treg polarization. The commencement of steroid therapy dramatically exacerbated clinical manifestations including IgG4-RD-associated HT. The measurement of cytokine and chemokine levels as well as FACS analysis in the development of IgG4-RD seemed to be beneficial. In conclusion, an innovative association of HT, IgG4-RD and vasculitis was observed. This report also offers novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for IgG4-RD. Recently, a subtype of HT has been considered to be a thyroid manifestation of IgG4-RD, although the etiology of IgG4-RD is not established yet.Immunologically a close association between HT and vasculitis was reported.Leukocytoclastic vasculitis is a rare skin presentation of IgG4-RD.In the current case, during the course of HT, IgG4-RD and leukocytoclastic vasculitis occurred; thus, innate immunity and acquired immunity seem to be involved in the development of IgG4-RD.The measurement of cytokine and chemokines appeared to be beneficial in the development of IgG4-RD.Remarkably, effectiveness of steroid therapy for HT suggested presence of IgG4-RD-associated HT. Therefore, this report highlights the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD and proposes novel therapeutic mechanisms. Clinicians should pay attention to the development of IgG4-RD and vasculitis during long course of HT.

  10. Increased levels of IgG antibodies against human HSP60 in patients with spondyloarthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelholt, Astrid; Carlsen, Thomas; Deleuran, Bent

    2013-01-01

    and Campylobacter jejuni. Disease severity was assessed by the clinical scorings Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI). Levels of IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies against human HSP60...... bacterial and human HSP60, also named HSPD1, are highly homologous, cross-reactivity has been suggested in disease initiation. In this study, levels of antibodies against bacterial and human HSP60 were analysed in SpA patients and healthy controls, and the association between such antibodies and disease...... severity in relation to HLA-B27 was evaluated.Serum samples from 82 patients and 50 controls were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for immunoglobulin (Ig)G1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 antibodies against human HSP60 and HSP60 from Chlamydia trachomatis, Salmonella enteritidis...

  11. Characterization of methylglyoxal-modified human IgG by physicochemical methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Mohd Adnan; Arif, Zarina; Moinuddin; Alam, Khursheed

    2017-10-16

    Human IgG is a defence protein and quite reactive to dicarbonyls. In this study, methylglyoxal-induced modification of IgG was examined by various biochemical and biophysical methods. The methylglyoxal-induced changes in IgG were monitored by UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS), and thermal denaturation studies. Aggregate formation was studied by Thioflavin T (ThT), Congo red (CR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Spectroscopic studies suggested gross changes in MGO-modified IgG. Fluorogenic AGEs appeared during modification and the MGO-modified IgG gained thermostability. The reaction produced oxidative stress in the medium because carbonyl content increased manifold and sulfhydryl groups decreased. Enhanced binding of the MGO-modified IgG by Congo red and Thioflavin T suggests crosslinking and aggregation. This was supported by SEM and TEM results.

  12. Isolated Mass-Forming IgG4-Related Cholangitis as an Initial Clinical Presentation of Systemic IgG4-Related Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seokhwi Kim

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD may involve multiple organs. Although it usually presents as diffuse organ involvement, localized mass-forming lesions have been occasionally encountered in pancreas. However, the same pattern has been seldom reported in biliary tract. A 61-year-old male showed a hilar bile duct mass with multiple enlarged lymph nodes in imaging studies and he underwent trisectionectomy under impression of cholangiocarcinoma. Gross examination revealed a mass-like lesion around hilar bile duct. Histopathologically, dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and storiform fibrosis were identified without evidence of malignancy. Immunohistochemical stain demonstrated rich IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration. Follow-up imaging studies disclosed multiple enlarged lymph nodes with involvement of pancreas and perisplenic soft tissue. The lesions have been significantly reduced after steroid treatment, which suggests multi-organ involvement of systemic IgG4-RD. Here, we report an unusual localized mass-forming IgG4-related cholangitis as an initial presentation of IgG4-RD, which was biliary manifestation of systemic IgG4-related autoimmune disease.

  13. Functional Characteristics of the High Affinity IgG Receptor, Fc gamma RI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Poel, Cees E.; Spaapen, Robbert M.; van de Winkel, Jan G. J.; Leusen, Jeanette H. W.

    2011-01-01

    IgG FcRs are important mediators of immunity and play a key role during Ab-based immunotherapy. Within the leukocyte IgG receptor family, only Fc gamma RI is capable of IgG binding with high affinity. Fc gamma RI exists as a complex of a ligand binding a-chain and an FcR gamma-chain. The receptors'

  14. Hinge-Region O-Glycosylation of Human Immunoglobulin G3 (IgG3)*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plomp, Rosina; Dekkers, Gillian; Rombouts, Yoann; Visser, Remco; Koeleman, Carolien A.M.; Kammeijer, Guinevere S.M.; Jansen, Bas C.; Rispens, Theo; Hensbergen, Paul J.; Vidarsson, Gestur; Wuhrer, Manfred

    2015-01-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is one of the most abundant proteins present in human serum and a fundamental component of the immune system. IgG3 represents ∼8% of the total amount of IgG in human serum and stands out from the other IgG subclasses because of its elongated hinge region and enhanced effector functions. This study reports partial O-glycosylation of the IgG3 hinge region, observed with nanoLC-ESI-IT-MS(/MS) analysis after proteolytic digestion. The repeat regions within the IgG3 hinge were found to be in part O-glycosylated at the threonine in the triple repeat motif. Non-, mono- and disialylated core 1-type O-glycans were detected in various IgG3 samples, both poly- and monoclonal. NanoLC-ESI-IT-MS/MS with electron transfer dissociation fragmentation and CE-MS/MS with CID fragmentation were used to determine the site of IgG3 O-glycosylation. The O-glycosylation site was further confirmed by the recombinant production of mutant IgG3 in which potential O-glycosylation sites had been knocked out. For IgG3 samples from six donors we found similar O-glycan structures and site occupancies, whereas for the same samples the conserved N-glycosylation of the Fc CH2 domain showed considerable interindividual variation. The occupancy of each of the three O-glycosylation sites was found to be ∼10% in six serum-derived IgG3 samples and ∼13% in two monoclonal IgG3 allotypes. PMID:25759508

  15. The Relationship of Gamma Immunoglobin (IgG) Density and Apgar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The transfer of maternal IgG provides the neonate with humoral immunity during early life. The population of transferred IgG or IgG density (IgGρ) was estimated to find out if it has any relevance to the condition of an infant 1-5 minutes after birth or APGAR score which gives an insight into the state of health of the infant and ...

  16. Current concept, diagnosis and pathogenesis of autoimmune pancreatitis as IgG4-related disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, K

    2014-04-01

    Recently, autoimmune pancreatitis, a pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) has been recognized as a novel clinical entity associated with massive infiltration of IgG4-positive cells. The first international symposium on IgG4-RD endorsed the comprehensive nomenclature as IgG4-RD, which the Japanese research committee supported by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan proposed in 2009, and proposed the individual nomenclatures for each organ system manifestations and the international pathologic consensus in 2011. In addition to the pathological consensus, the Japanese comprehensive diagnostic criteria (CDC) for IgG4-RD for general use, and several organ specific criteria for the organ specified physicians have been proposed; the International Consensus Diagnostic Criteria and the revised clinical diagnostic criteria in 2011 by Japan Pancreas Society (JPS-2011) for type1 AIP, the Clinical Diagnostic Criteria 2012 for IgG4-sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC-2012), the diagnostic criteria for IgG4-positive Mikulicz's disease by the Japanse Society for Sjogren's syndrome, and Diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related kidney disease by the Japanese Society of Nephrology. Although the pathogenic mechanism still remains unclear, we have proposed a hypothesis of the pathogenic mechanism; abnormal innate and acquired immunity, regulatory T cells, and B cells on abnormal genetic backgrounds may be involved in the development of IgG4-cholangiopathy. Further studies are necessary to clarify the pathogenesis including genetic backgrounds, disease specific antigens, and the role of IgG4.

  17. Concepción energética y universal de la vida

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Macedo, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    La vida es independiente de la materia; La vida es consubstancial con el universo; La vida actúa como una energía superior; Difusión, circulación y continuidad de la vida; Universalidad de la vida; El nuevo concepto ante las clásicas doctrinas fundamentales de la vida; La nueva concepción de la vida ante las modernas teorías organicistas; Resumen y conclusiones.

  18. IgG4-Related Disease (IgG4-RD) Presenting as a Mass in the Carotid Triangle Masquerading Paraganglioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramadass, T; Balaji, V; Sheba, S K J; Vali Ahmed, K S; Abdurahiman, Raees

    2017-06-01

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) which is a protein disorder presented as a mass in the right carotid triangle in a 30 year male patient, who underwent battery of tests is described. The radiologist opined the mass as paraganglioma and the spindle shaped character of the mass also suggested neurogenic tumor in differential diagnosis. Reference to vascular surgeon also opined the same, and adviced for incisional biopsy. Histopathology report suggested IgG4-RD and immunochemistry confirmed the final diagnosis. The neck mass which we opined as a single organ disease, proved to be multiorgan disease in PET scan.

  19. IgG antibodies to plasminogen and their relationship to IgG anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein 1 antibodies and thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bu, Chunya; Li, Zhihuan; Zhang, Chune; Gao, Lei; Cai, Guoping

    2008-02-01

    Reduced fibrinolytic activity has been described in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) and may be responsible for thrombotic events. Some evidence supports a relationship between anti-plasminogen (PLG) antibodies, anti-beta(2)-glycoprotein 1 (beta(2)GP1) antibodies, and fibrinolysis, but their relationship is still unclear. The aim of study is to evaluate the association between IgG anti-beta(2)GP1 and IgG anti-PLG antibodies and thrombosis. Two groups of consecutive patients with PAPS and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): 32 patients with lupus anticoagulant (LAC), 32 patients without LAC, and 40 healthy controls were included. IgG against beta(2)GP1 and PLG antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and a value above the 99th percentile of the normal healthy control was considered as positive, and their interrelationship with thrombosis was evaluated by Pearson Chi-squared test. Cross-reactive antibodies binding to PLG and beta(2)GP1 were determined in a competitive and cross-inhibition assay. Levels of fibrinolytic activity in the presence of IgG fractions from patients and healthy controls were examined using a plasmin fluorogenic substrate assay. A high frequency of IgG anti-PLG antibodies (35.9%) was found in 64 patients, and its presence was associated with thrombosis (p = 0.001), which may be due to its ability to inhibit exogenous fibrinolysis. Coexistence of IgG anti-PLG and IgG anti-beta(2)GP1 antibodies was found in 11 of 64 patients and was related with thrombosis (p = 0.001). Cross-reactive antibody binding to PLG and beta(2)GP1 was found in IgG fractions from three patients and a monoclonal anti-beta(2)GP1 antibody BD4, and one of these three patients had thrombotic history. However, no significant association was found between IgG anti-PLG and IgG anti-beta(2)GP1 antibodies in patients. In conclusion, the prevalence of IgG anti-PLG was high in patients with PAPS and SLE and might relate with thrombosis. Cross

  20. Granuloma faciale: a cutaneous lesion sharing features with IgG4-associated sclerosing diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cesinaro, Anna Maria; Lonardi, Silvia; Facchetti, Fabio

    2013-01-01

    The pathogenesis of granuloma faciale (GF), framed in the group of cutaneous vasculopathic dermatitis, is poorly understood. The present study investigated whether GF might be part of the spectrum of IgG4-related sclerosing diseases (IgG4-RD). Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED), believed to belong to the same group of disorders as GF, was also studied for comparison. Thirty-one biopsies of GF obtained from 25 patients (18 men, 7 women) and 5 cases of EED (4 women and 1 man) were analyzed morphologically and for the expression of IgG and IgG4 by immunohistochemistry. The distribution of Th1, T regulatory and Th2 T-cell subsets, respectively, identified by anti-T-bet, anti-FoxP3, and anti-GATA-3 antibodies, was also evaluated. The dermal inflammatory infiltrate in GF contained eosinophils and plasma cells in variable proportions. Obliterative venulitis was found in 16 cases, and storiform fibrosis, a typical feature of IgG4-RD, was observed in 8 cases and was prominent in 3 of them. On immunohistochemical analysis 7 of 31 biopsies (22.6%) from 6 GF patients fulfilled the criteria for IgG4-RD (IgG4/IgG ratio >40%, and absolute number of IgG4 per high-power field >50). Interestingly, the 6 patients were male, and 4 showed recurrent and/or multiple lesions. In an additional 5 cases, only the IgG4/IgG ratio was abnormal. None of the 5 EED cases fulfilled the criteria for IgG4-RD. The T-cell subsets in GF were quite variable in number, GATA-3 lymphocytes were generally more abundant, but no relationship with the number of IgG4 plasma cells was found. The study indicates that a significant number of GF cases are associated with an abnormal content of IgG4 plasma cells; this association was particularly obvious in male patients and in cases presenting with multiple or recurrent lesions. As morphologic changes typically found in IgG4-RD, such as obliterative vascular inflammation and storiform sclerosis, are found in GF, we suggest that GF might represent a localized form of

  1. A case of progressively transformed germinal center-type IgG4-related lymphadenopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seki, Nobuhiko; Yamazaki, Norikazu; Koizumi, Jun-ichi; Takano, Ken-ichi; Abe, Ayumi; Ikeda, Tatsuru; Noguchi, Hiroko; Himi, Tetsuo

    2015-08-01

    Progressively transformed germinal centers (PTGC), a lymph node process unfamiliar to most otolaryngologists, is a morphological variant of reactive lymphofollicular hyperplasia of lymph nodes. Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly identified condition, characterized by hyper-IgG4-γ-globulinemia and mass-forming or hypertrophic lesions associated with infiltration of IgG4(+) plasma cells in the affected organs. Recently, a case study of PTGC was reported that fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of IgG4-RD (IgG4(+) PTGC) [1]. A 68-year-old male was referred to our hospital with swelling in the left submandibular region. Palpation revealed swollen lymph nodes, the largest of which measured 5cm in diameter. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography identified lymphadenopathy with high (18)F-FDG uptake in the left submandibular region. We strongly suspected malignant lymphoma, and excisional biopsy of the submandibular lymph node was performed under general anesthesia. Pathological findings were consistent with IgG4(+) PTGC, and serological examination demonstrated elevated levels of IgG4. These findings were consistent with IgG4-RD. The patient did not have systemic lesions; therefore, he has not undergone corticosteroid therapy. IgG4(+) PTGC should be considered as a differential diagnosis for cervical lymphadenopathy by otolaryngologists as well as pathologists. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. IgG subclass and vaccination stimulus determine changes in antigen specific antibody glycosylation in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Daniela; Lux, Anja; Schaffert, Anja; Lang, Roland; Altmann, Friedrich; Nimmerjahn, Falk

    2017-08-02

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycosylation can modulate antibody effector functions. Depending on the precise composition of the sugar moiety attached to individual IgG glycovariants either pro- or anti-inflammatory effector pathways can be initiated via differential binding to type I or type II Fc-receptors. However, an in depth understanding of how individual IgG subclasses are glycosylated during the steady state and how their glycosylation pattern changes during vaccination is missing. To monitor IgG subclass glycosylation during the steady state and upon vaccination of mice with different T-cell dependent and independent antigens, tryptic digests of serum, and antigen-specific IgG preparations were analyzed by reversed phase-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. We show that there is a remarkable difference with respect to how individual IgG subclasses are glycosylated during the steady state. More importantly, upon T-cell dependent and independent vaccinations, individual antigen-specific IgG subclasses reacted differently with respect to changes in individual glycoforms, suggesting that the IgG subclass itself is a major determinant of restricting or allowing alterations in specific IgG glycovariants. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. The impact of elevated serum IgG4 levels in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benito de Valle, Maria; Müller, Tobias; Björnsson, Einar; Otten, Morgane; Volkmann, Martin; Guckelberger, Olaf; Wiedenmann, Bertram; Sadik, Riadh; Schott, Eckart; Andersson, Mats; Berg, Thomas; Lindkvist, Björn

    2014-10-01

    Elevated IgG4 levels have been reported among patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Epidemiological data has only been provided from tertiary centres. To investigate the prevalence of elevated IgG4 levels and to compare prognosis between patients with and without elevated IgG4 levels in serum in two European cohorts of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Serum IgG4-levels were measured in a consecutive series of patients from Berlin, and retrospectively collected in a population-based cohort from Sweden (total N=345). Cox's proportional hazard analysis was used to calculate relative risks for liver-related death or liver transplantation and cholangiocarcinoma. Elevated IgG4 values were demonstrated in 10% of patients. A previous history of pancreatitis, combined intra- and extrahepatic biliary involvement and jaundice were independently associated with elevated IgG4 in multivariate analysis. IgG4 status was not associated with an increased risk for the combined endpoint liver-related death or liver transplantation or cholangiocarcinoma. The prevalence of elevated IgG4 values among European patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis is similar to what previously has been reported from the United States. Elevated IgG4 was not associated with an increased risk of liver transplantation or liver-related death or cholangiocarcinoma. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Cutaneous manifestations of IgG4-related disease (RD): A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charrow, Alexandra; Imadojemu, Sotonye; Stephen, Sasha; Ogunleye, Temitayo; Takeshita, Junko; Lipoff, Jules B

    2016-07-01

    IgG4-related disease (RD) is a recently described fibroinflammatory condition with both cutaneous and systemic manifestations. To our knowledge, the cutaneous manifestations have not been well characterized or systematically investigated to date in the literature. We sought to describe the cutaneous manifestations of IgG4-RD to guide clinical practice, aid in the diagnosis of IgG4-RD, and contribute to the creation of robust cutaneous diagnostic criteria. A systematic search of peer-reviewed publications pertaining to cutaneous manifestations of IgG4-RD yielded 56 cases from 32 case reports and series. The clinical findings among the diagnostic categories were compared. Forty cases of IgG4-RD with cutaneous disease were identified. Cutaneous head and neck involvement was significantly associated with a diagnosis of IgG4-RD (P = .02). Macules and bullae were not described in any of the included cases. Among cases of systemic IgG4-RD, cutaneous head and neck involvement was most common and statistically significantly associated with the diagnosis of IgG4-RD (P = .001). These findings are limited by reporting and publication bias of particular cases and by small sample size. Papules, plaques, and nodules of the head and neck appear to characterize patients with cutaneous IgG4-RD, which nevertheless usually presents with systemic manifestations. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Increased transcapillary escape rate of albumin and IgG in essential hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parving, H H; Jensen, H A; Westrup, M

    1977-01-01

    Transcapillary escape rates of albumin and IgG (fractions of intravascular mass of albumin and IgG that pass to the extravascular space per unit time) were determined simultaneously from the initial disappearance of intravenously injected 131I human albumin and 125I human IgG in seven untreated...... subjects suffering from essential hypertension. The average mean arterial blood pressure of these subjects 193/119 mmHg; four subjects had grade I-III funduscopic changes. Transcapillary escape rates of albumin (TERalb) and IgG (TERIgG) were found significantly increased in the hypertensive subjects...

  6. Estilos de vida en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Muñoz Argel

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This research paper aims to identify life style based on specific practices and beliefs and to analyze the socio-economical stratum at a university level. The research design is transversal and descriptive and the tool used was the Practices and Beliefs About Life Style Questionnaire. The socioeconomical stratum was established through database entry and an enrollment category assigned by the university. For the sample 180 students were chosen through a random and systematic sampling method. The results show the prevalence of a healthy life style with discrepancies between practices and beliefs. In relation to the socio-economic stratum, differences were not showed. Resumen El presente artículo de investigación tiene como objetivo identificar el estilo de vida a partir de las prácticas y las creencias, así como analizar la variable estrato socioeconómico en el contexto del nivel educativo universitario. El diseño de investigación es transversal descriptivo y el instrumento utilizado fue el Cuestionario de Prácticas y Creencias sobre el Estilo de Vida. El estrato socioeconómico se estableció mediante la base de datos de ingreso y categoría de matrícula asignada por la universidad. La muestra fue constituida por 180 estudiantes universitarios, que fueron seleccionados mediante muestreo aleatorio por conglomerado y sistemático. Los resultados muestran la prevalencia del estilo de vida saludable, con discrepancias entre prácticas y creencias, y en relación con el estrato socioeconómico, no se presentaron diferencias significativas.

  7. El prematuro: una esperanza de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Betancur R., Diana Helena; Fundación Valle de Lili; Garzón F., Lucía

    1999-01-01

    Factores prenatales de riesgo para el feto/Alteraciones inherentes a la prematuréz/Manejo del niño prematuro/ ¿Existe relación entre la actividad física y los partos prematuros?/ ¿Cómo se puede prevenir la prematuréz?/ ¿El recién nacido prematuro puede llevar una vida normal una vez es dado de alta?/ ¿Qué tipo de alimentación deberá recibir el prematuro?/ ¿Cuándo debe usted consultar a su pediatra?

  8. A vida singular de um jovem militante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Áurea Maria Guimarães

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa realizada no período de 2007 a 2010, junto a jovens militantes da cidade de Campinas, com o objetivo de compreender as diferentes maneiras que conduziam esses jovens tanto a reproduzir um modelo de vida quanto a criar outras possibilidades de militância na relação com esse modelo. Entre as histórias orais de vida narradas por jovens que militavam em diferentes grupos ou instituições, escolhi a vida de Biula, representante do movimento estudantil secundarista, procurando evidenciar que a singularidade desta vida, como também e a de outros jovens, estava conectada à problematização que faziam no interior de certas práticas, histórica e culturalmente constituídas, possibilitando a criação de novas formas de subjetivação nas quais se modificava a experiência que tinham deles mesmos na relação com os seus heróis ou modelos de referência. Palavras-chave: história oral – transcriação – heróis – resistência - processos de singularização.   THE SINGULAR LIFE OF A YOUNG MILITANT ABSTRACT   This article is the result of a research carried out from 2007 to 2010 with   young militants in the city of Campinas, aiming to understand the different ways which conducted these youngsters to both reproduce a life model and create other possibilities of militancy in the relationship with this model. Among oral stories narrated by young militants from different groups or institutions, I have chosen the life of Biula, a representative of the secondary students’ movement, trying to show that the singularity of this life and other youngsters’ lives was connected to the problematization they promoted within certain practices, historically and culturally built, thus enabling the creation of new subjectification modes in which the experience they had of themselves in the relationship with their heroes or reference models has changed. Key words: oral history -  transcreation – heroes

  9. Estilo de vida y salud reproductiva

    OpenAIRE

    García-Hjarles, Marco Antonio

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es demostrar los efectos de los múltiples estilos de vida sobre la salud reproductiva del hombre y de la mujer. Los factores a tomar en cuenta principalmente son los siguientes: 1) la edad, 2) el consumo de drogas, 3) la dieta y el peso, 4) alguna prescripción de fármacos, 5) el estrés y 6) la contaminación ambiental. La edad del hombre o de la mujer es un factor que puede alterar la fertilidad, ya que debido al estudio, trabajo u otros factores las parejas decide...

  10. Daniel Mato: una vida de interculturalidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Maldonado Fermín

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una biografía intelectual necesariamente incompleta de uno de los autores latinoamericanos contemporáneos más emblemáticos y polémicos en el campo de los estudios sobre cultura, política y comunicación: Daniel Mato. Mediante el recorrido por algunos momentos clave de su vida y la manera como éstos guardan relación con sus obras, se ofrece una panorámica de este intelectual-activista, como forma de homenajear su trayectoria intelectual.

  11. La vida social y los tratamientos

    OpenAIRE

    Ballera Rovira, Georgina

    2012-01-01

    Cada día se acentúa más la tendencia de estudiar los casos en psicología dentro de un contexto social y también de encontrar soluciones de terapia colectiva, según la gravedad del caso. Esta orientación actual es muy comprensible si se tienen en cuenta varios factores: 1) La larga estadía de los pacientes en los hospitales o clínicas mentales; 2) La necesidad de mejorar las relaciones, interpersonales entre los enfermos, los cuales por su misma enfermedad, pierden capacidad para la vida socia...

  12. Las Computadoras en la Vida del Hombre

    OpenAIRE

    González S., Fabio

    2015-01-01

    En todas las épocas de la historia del hombre es posible observar como el descubrimiento de nueva.., tecnologías ha producido cambios notorios en su sistema de vida. El uso de bs metales en la fabricación de herramientas y armas produjo cambios en los hábitos sociales del hombre primitivo. La invención de la imprenta permitió difundir los conocimientos y la cultura en forma rápida y precisa superando el método lento y caro de los manuscritos de la Edad Media. Algunas invenciones han traído co...

  13. La vida en el pensamiento caribe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Avella

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Para llegar a una interpretación del pensamiento caribe se puede pensar en un breve recorrido histórico que resulta insuficiente a la hora de brindar a la polifonía del caribe contemporáneo. Se hace necesario, desde este escrito, aludir a la vida cotidiana del caribe que se ofrece como una amalgama de voces que se liberan más allá de los simples estamentos políticos que toma como referente la esclavitud.

  14. Vivir las Ideas, Idear la Vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Iván Sepúlveda López de Mesa.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El suicidio entre los nativos, permite entender la enfermedad mental como la saturación de la adversidad, la experiencia de un lugar en el mundo estrangulado por un ethos cultural sumergido en la violencia, lleva al suicidio como un rito de paso hacia la vida de ensueño. En este sentido, la terapia es un tipo de relación con el otro, en la que tangetiality, la subjetividad y el subjuntivo efectos sociales de apoyo como una relación hacia la fexibility.

  15. Voz, trabalho docente e qualidade de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Jardim

    2006-01-01

    Introdução: O estudo das relações entre o processo de trabalho docente, as reais condições sob as quais ele se desenvolve e o adoecimento vocal dos professores, constitui um desafio e uma necessidade para se entender a dinâmica saúde-doença nesse grupo populacional. Objetivos: buscou-se conhecer as diferentes conceituações de disfonia utilizadas e suas repercussões nos resultados dos estudos de prevalência dos problemas vocais em docentes. Investigou-se a qualidade de vida relacionada à voz (...

  16. Estudio de calidad de vida en discapacidad intelectual

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Gutiérrez, Estrella

    2014-01-01

    El Trabajo Fin de Grado se centra en el análisis de la calidad de vida en personas atendidas en el C.E. Padre Zegrí de Valladolid, utilizando la escala de calidad de vida de Schalock y Keith. La discapacidad resulta de la interacción entre la persona y el entorno social que la rodea. Calidad de vida es el grado en el que una persona disfruta de una vida satisfactoria. Perfiles de apoyo individualizados, mejorarán el funcionamiento de los discapacitados psíquicos, su inclusión social y su cali...

  17. Kapitel 3, VIDA-Refleksionsværktøjet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stougaard, Karen; Nielsen, Margit Margrethe

    2013-01-01

    I dette kapitel beskrives VIDA-refleksionsværktøjet og dets anvendelse. VIDA-refleksionsværktøjet er IT-baseret værktøj, som er udviklet til at undersøge børn og voksnes handlekompetencer i daginstitutioner......I dette kapitel beskrives VIDA-refleksionsværktøjet og dets anvendelse. VIDA-refleksionsværktøjet er IT-baseret værktøj, som er udviklet til at undersøge børn og voksnes handlekompetencer i daginstitutioner...

  18. Hatchery workers' IgG antibody profiles to airborne bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauner, Paul; Gromöller, Silvana; Pfeifer, Yvonne; Wilharm, Gottfried; Jäckel, Udo

    2017-04-01

    Occupational exposure to high concentrations of airborne bacteria in poultry production is related to an increased risk of respiratory disorders. However, etiology and in particular microorganisms' potential role in pathogenesis still needs to be elucidated. Thus, detection of specific antibodies against occupational microbial antigens may lead to identification of potentially harmful species. For the purpose of IgG titer determination, indirect immunofluorescence on various bacterial isolates from duck hatchery air was combined with image-based quantification of fluorescence intensity. Moreover, in addition to established assays with pure bacterial cultures, a new approach utilized complex bioaerosol samples for detection of anti-microbial antibodies in human sera by determination of percentages of antibody-bound cells in different serum dilutions. Mean titers in sera from hatchery workers and a non-exposed control group did not display significant differences for most tested isolates and application of comprehensive cluster analysis to entire titer data revealed no structure reflecting workers and controls group. Furthermore, determination of immunoreactivity to the complete microbial community in workplace air displayed similar proportions of antibody-bound cells in both groups. Although no general differences in immunoreaction patterns were observed, mean titers to a Proteus mirabilis isolate and to 3 of 4 distinct Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were higher in the group of hatchery workers than in the reference group indicating a potential applicability as exposure markers. We conclude, despite long term bioaerosol exposure, hatchery workers' IgG antibody profiles to tested antigens did not differ substantially from those of the control group. However, increased workers' titers to A. baumannii and clinical relevance of this species should lead to further investigations regarding potential involvement in pathogenesis of occupational respiratory disorders

  19. Different adaptations of IgG effector function in human and nonhuman primates and implications for therapeutic antibody treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warncke, Max; Calzascia, Thomas; Coulot, Michele; Balke, Nicole; Touil, Ratiba; Kolbinger, Frank; Heusser, Christoph

    2012-05-01

    Safety of human therapeutic Abs is generally assessed in nonhuman primates. Whereas IgG1 shows identical FcγR interaction and effector function profile in both species, fundamental differences in the IgG2 and IgG4 Ab subclasses were found between the two species. Granulocytes, the main effector cells against IgG2- and IgG4-opsonized bacteria and parasites, do not express FcγRIIIb, but show higher levels of FcγRII in cynomolgus monkey. In humans, IgG2 and IgG4 adapted a silent Fc region with weak binding to FcγR and effector functions, whereas, in contrast, cynomolgus monkey IgG2 and IgG4 display strong effector function as well as differences in IgG4 Fab arm exchange. To balance this shift toward activation, the cynomolgus inhibitory FcγRIIb shows strongly increased affinity for IgG2. In view of these findings, in vitro and in vivo results for human IgG2 and IgG4 obtained in the cynomolgus monkey have to be cautiously interpreted, whereas effector function-related effects of human IgG1 Abs are expected to be predictable for humans.

  20. IgG glycan patterns are associated with type 2 diabetes in independent European populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemmers, Roosmarijn F H; Vilaj, Marija; Urda, Daniel; Agakov, Felix; Šimurina, Mirna; Klaric, Lucija; Rudan, Igor; Campbell, Harry; Hayward, Caroline; Wilson, Jim F; Lieverse, Aloysius G; Gornik, Olga; Sijbrands, Eric J G; Lauc, Gordan; van Hoek, Mandy

    2017-09-01

    Type 2 diabetes results from interplay between genetic and acquired factors. Glycans on proteins reflect genetic, metabolic and environmental factors. However, associations of IgG glycans with type 2 diabetes have not been described. We compared IgG N-glycan patterns in type 2 diabetes with healthy subjects. In the DiaGene study, a population-based case-control study, (1886 cases and 854 controls) 58 IgG glycan traits were analyzed. Findings were replicated in the population-based CROATIA-Korcula-CROATIA-Vis-ORCADES studies (162 cases and 3162 controls), and meta-analyzed. AUCs of ROC-curves were calculated using 10-fold cross-validation for clinical characteristics, IgG glycans and their combination. After correction for extensive clinical covariates, 5 IgG glycans and 13 derived traits significantly associated with type 2 diabetes in meta-analysis (after Bonferroni correction). Adding IgG glycans to age and sex increased the AUC from 0.542 to 0.734. Adding them to the extensive model did not substantially improve the AUC. The AUC for IgG glycans alone was 0.729. Several IgG glycans and traits firmly associate with type 2 diabetes, reflecting a pro-inflammatory and biologically-aged state. IgG glycans showed limited improvement of AUCs. However, IgG glycans showed good prediction alone, indicating they may capture information of combined covariates. The associations found may yield insights in type 2 diabetes pathophysiology. This work shows that IgG glycomic changes have biomarker potential and may yield important insights into pathophysiology of complex public health diseases, illustrated here for the first time in type 2 diabetes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Autonomia e vulnerabilidade na vida dos adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata R. de Oliveira

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com a finalidade de estabelecer relações entre os princípios éticos da autonomia e vulnerabilidade e a vida de adolescentes, pessoas reconhecidamente passíveis de síndromes depressivas, uso abusivo de drogas ilícitas, alcoolismo e tabagismo. Famílias desestruturadas, pais ausentes, companhia de amigos que levam a diferentes vícios, facilidade de acesso a fontes desencontradas de informações e uma sociedade indiferente afetam o desenvolvimento normal dos jovens. Considera-se, ainda, o grande desafio apresentado a profissionais de saúde em agir na busca de reduzir a vulnerabilidade dos adolescentes e permitir que os mesmo usem de autonomia com responsabilidade na tomada de decisões em suas vidas pessoais. O cuidado com os mesmos deve ser mais integral e ativo e a sociedade ainda não reconheceu adequadamente a importância de cuidar do desenvolvimento saudável desse imenso contingente humano.

  2. A parentalidade no ciclo de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André de Carvalho-Barreto

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação realizou uma revisão da literatura nacional relacionada à parentalidade na Psicologia. Foi feita uma busca nas bases SciELO, PePSIC e IndexPsi, obtendo-se 32 artigos. Desses, 46% eram teóricos, 50% empíricos e 4% revisão da literatura. As principais linhas de pesquisa sobre a parentalidade localizadas nas produções foram a Parentalidade na transição de vida (f=10, a Relação de gênero na parentalidade (f=7, a Parentalidade em contextos adversos (f=7, a Parentalidade na adoção (f=5 e a Parentalidade homoafetiva (f=3. Dois dos principais resultados foram a polissemia no conceito de parentalidade e a confusão conceitual entre parentalidade e paternidade. Concluiu-se que o estudo da parentalidade é ainda recente no Brasil, por isso são necessárias mais pesquisas para ampliar sua compreensão, as quais devem incluir outras fases do desenvolvimento além da vida adulta, além de aspectos do desenvolvimento normativo.

  3. Ciencia, desarrollo humano y calidad de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Calderón García

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad contemporánea, la ciencia y la tecnología se hanconvertido en el centro alrededor del cual se entretejen las rela-ciones sociales y la vida social. La sociedad del conocimiento,como se le ha denominado al modelo de la sociedad a la que as-piraríamos, precisamente por el desarrollo que ha tenido el cono-cimiento tecnológico y cientíęco en estos momentos, se convierteen el ámbito natural para que el tema de la tecnociencia formeparte de los procesos formativos y constitutivos de las nuevasidentidades sociales. El hecho de entender como la poblaciónincorpora los conceptos de ciencia y tecnología en sus agendasde discusión en la toma de decisiones sobre su vida y en sus ac-tividades cotidianas, se convierte hoy en día en una explicaciónnecesaria para entender los procesos de formación y expresióndel ser humano contemporáneo.

  4. Do valor da vida senciente e autoconsciente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milene Consenso Tonetto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal deste trabalho é analisar a posição assumida por Peter Singer em relação à questão do valor da vida dos seres humanos e não-humanos. Reconstruo, primeiramente, a argumentação desenvolvida por Singer no artigo Animals and Value of Life no qual questiona se é moralmente correto tirar a vida de animais para fins de nutrição ou experimentação. Analiso, em segundo lugar, diferentes posições, a saber: algumas tradições religiosas; os filósofos clássicos: René Descartes e Jeremy Bentham; os filósofos contemporâneos: Tom Regan e Michael Tooley; as filósofas feministas: Nel Noodings e Carol Gilligan. Finalmente, avalio criticamente o conceito de pessoa utilizado por Singer e sua posição em relação aos animais não-humanos.

  5. A case of IgG subclass deficiency with the initial presentation of transient hypogammaimmuno-globulinemia of infancy and a review of IgG subclass deficiencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nettagul, R; Visitsunthorn, N; Vichyanond, P

    2003-07-01

    Primary immunodeficiency diseases are not common in children. The possibility of an immunological defect should be considered in any individual with repeated infections. A definite diagnosis for immodeficiency is sometimes difficult to achieve because of overlapping clinical manifestations. Immunoglobulin subclass deficiency is an immunological deficiency disease with which, one or more IgG subclasses are deficient. T cell immunity is normal. Patients may develop recurrent bacterial and respiratory infections or could remain asymptomatic. The authors report a case of immunoglobulin G subclass deficiency presenting initially as transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy. A 2 month-old boy presented to Siriraj Hospital with a history of chronic protracted diarrhea, disseminated scabies and sepsis. On presentation, he had generalized scaly and maculopapular rash with no palpable lymph nodes. CBC revealed WBC 22,100 cells/cm3 with PMN 42 per cent, lymphocytes 38 per cent, Eosinophils 4 per cent, Basophil 2 per cent and platelets 254,000/cm3. The immunoglobulin levels were as follows: IgG 181 mg/dl, IgA IgG became normal at 2 years of age (after 12 months of IVIG). IVIG was stopped and the diagnosis was changed to transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy (THI). Nevertheless, during his 4 month follow-up he developed recurrent sinopulmonary infections (i.e, otitis media and pneumonia). Repeated immunoglobulin profile showed IgG 1,200 mg/dl, IgA 135 mg/dl, IgM 26 mg/dl, IgG subclass were IgG, 1,030 mg/dl (N 280-830), IgG2 30 mg/dl (N 40-2,400), IgG3 22 mg/dl (N 6-130), IgG4 3 mg/dl (N 3-120). A diagnosis of IgG2 subclass deficiency presenting early as transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy was then made. Treatment with monthly IVIG was reinitiated and the patient is currently doing well. The authors present a case of IgG subclass deficiency presenting as transient hypogammaglbulinemia of infancy. Follow-up of the immune profile and clinical manifestation is

  6. Stability of monoclonal antibodies at high-concentration: head-to-head comparison of the IgG1 and IgG4 subclass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neergaard, Martin S; Nielsen, Anders D; Parshad, Henrik; Van De Weert, Marco

    2014-01-01

    Few studies have so far directly compared the impact of antibody subclass on protein stability. This case study investigates two mAbs (one IgG1 and one IgG4 ) with identical variable region. Investigations of mAbs that recognize similar epitopes are necessary to identify possible differences between the IgG subclasses. Both physical and chemical stability were evaluated by applying a range of methods to measure formation of protein aggregates [size-exclusion chromatography (SEC)-HPLC and UV340 nm], structural integrity (circular dichroism and FTIR), thermodynamic stability (differential scanning calorimetry), colloidal interactions (dynamic light scattering), and fragmentation and deamidation (SEC-HPLC and capillary isoelectric focusing). The impact of pH (4-9) and ionic strength (10 and 150 mM) was investigated using highly-concentrated (150 mg/mL) mAb formulations. Lower conformational stability was identified for the IgG4 resulting in increased levels of soluble aggregates. The IgG1 was chemically less stable as compared with the IgG4 , presumably because of the higher flexibility in the IgG1 hinge region. The thermodynamic stability of individual mAb domains was also addressed in detail. The stability of our mAb molecules is clearly affected by the IgG framework, and this study suggests that subclass switching may alter aggregation propensity and aggregation pathway and thus potentially improve the overall formulation stability while retaining antigen specificity. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. and the American Pharmacists Association.

  7. A Case of Type 1 Autoimmune Pancreatitis (AIP), a Form of IgG4-Related Disease (IgG4-RD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Euch, Mounira; Hddad, Souha; Mahfoudhi, Madiha; Maktouf, Hela; Ben Hamida, Fethi; Jaziri, Fatima; Ben Abdelghani, Khaoula; Turki, Sami; Ben Abdallah, Taïeb

    2017-07-24

    BACKGROUND Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), also known as lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis (LPSP), is a rare cause of chronic pancreatitis, characterized by a fibro-inflammatory process. However, patients with AIP may have a good response to corticosteroid therapy. We describe a Tunisian patient with AIP that was confirmed to be an IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). CASE REPORT We describe a case of a 70-year-old man who was admitted to hospital for obstructive jaundice and abdominal pain. Serum liver function tests were abnormal and upper abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging showed diffuse pancreatic swelling and strictures of the main pancreatic duct without any focal lesion. Pancreatico-biliary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a thickened rim surrounding the pancreatic duct Serum IgG4 levels were elevated, resulting in a diagnosis of IgG4-related AIP. The patient showed a good clinical, biochemical, and radiological response following steroid therapy in combination with azathioprine. CONCLUSIONS The diagnostic workup of IgG4-RD is complex and usually requires a combination of clinical examination, imaging, and serological analysis. As this case report has demonstrated, IgG4-RD should be considered in patients who present with pancreatitis or AIP, because of the favorable response to steroid therapy, particularly when treatment is initiated early.

  8. A Monosaccharide Residue Is Sufficient to Maintain Mouse and Human IgG Subclass Activity and Directs IgG Effector Functions to Cellular Fc Receptors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Kao

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Immunoglobulin G (IgG glycosylation modulates antibody activity and represents a major source of heterogeneity within antibody preparations. Depending on their glycosylation pattern, individual IgG glycovariants present in recombinant antibody preparations may trigger effects ranging from enhanced pro-inflammatory activity to increased anti-inflammatory activity. In contrast, reduction of IgG glycosylation beyond the central mannose core is generally believed to result in impaired IgG activity. However, this study reveals that a mono- or disaccharide structure consisting of one N-acetylglucosamine with or without a branching fucose residue is sufficient to retain the activity of the most active human and mouse IgG subclasses in vivo and further directs antibody activity to cellular Fcγ receptors. Notably, the activity of minimally glycosylated antibodies is not predicted by in vitro assays based on a monomeric antibody-Fcγ-receptor interaction analysis, whereas in vitro assay systems using immune complexes are more suitable to predict IgG activity in vivo.

  9. Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome is associated with high levels of serum IgG4: a clinical manifestation that mimics IgG4-related disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakamatsu, Ryo; Watanabe, Hitoshi; Suzuki, Keisuke; Suga, Norihiro; Kitagawa, Wataru; Miura, Naoto; Nishikawa, Kazuhiro; Yokoi, Toyoharu; Banno, Syogo; Imai, Hirokazu

    2011-01-01

    A 58-year-old Japanese woman presented with recurrent abdominal pain, chronic urticaria, and petechiae on her extremities, and hypocomplementemia, findings that were consistent with hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS). A laboratory examination revealed that she had markedly elevated IgG levels (4,448 mg/dL; normal range, 870-1,700 mg/dL) with particularly high IgG4 levels (1,050 mg/dL; normal range, 48-105 mg/dL) and a high IgG4/total IgG ratio (0.22; normal range, 0.02-0.05). A skin biopsy demonstrated leukocytoclastic vasculitis with IgG4 deposition in the vascular lumen and vascular walls. A lymph node biopsy revealed reactive lymphoid hyperplasia with numerous IgG4-positive cells in the perifollicular area, but no sclerotic findings. A chromosomal analysis of an enlarged lymph node, without phytohemagglutinin (PHA) stimulation, demonstrated that one in every three analyzed cells had abnormalities, such as 44, XX, -13, add(15)(p11), -17, -17, and mar.

  10. Seroprevalence of serum IgG of HSV-1 coinfected with HIV infected ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To determine the seroprevalence of IgG of HSV-1 coinfected HIV patients who attended Offa General Hospital, Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic (HAART). Methods: A cross sectional study used to study the seroprevalence of IgG of HSV-1 coinfected HIV infected patients that attended Offa Highly Active ...

  11. ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ANTIGEN IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF IGG(+) CELLS IN THE BURSA OF FABRICIUS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    EKINO, S; RIWAR, B; KROESE, FGM; SCHWANDER, EH; NIEUWENHUIS, P

    1995-01-01

    IgG(+) cells were detected in the bursa of Fabricius after hatching by immunofluorescence staining of single cells and immunohistologic studies using mAb anti-Ig gamma-heavy chain. The frequency of IgG(+) cells in the bursa increased rapidly immediately after hatching. In histologic studies, most of

  12. Intrathecal IgG Synthesis: A Resistant and Valuable Target for Future Multiple Sclerosis Treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnan, Mickael

    2015-01-01

    Intrathecal IgG synthesis is a key biological feature of multiple sclerosis (MS). When acquired early, it persists over time. A growing body of evidence suggests that intrathecal Ig-secreting cells may be pathogenic either by a direct action of toxic IgG or by locally secreting bystander toxic products. Intrathecal IgG synthesis depends on the presence of CNS lymphoid organs, which are strongly linked at anatomical level to cortical subpial lesions and at clinical level to the impairment slope in progressive MS. As a consequence, targeting CNS lymphoid lesions could be a valuable new target in MS, especially during the progressive phase. As intrathecal IgGs are end-products of these lymphoid lesions, intrathecal IgG synthesis may be considered as a specific marker of the persistence of these inflammatory lesions. Here we review the effect upon intrathecal IgG synthesis of all drugs ever used in MS. Except for steroids, all these therapeutic strategies, including rituximab, failed to decrease intrathecal IgG synthesis, with the exception of a questionable incomplete action of natalizumab. Thus, IgG synthesis is a robust marker of persistent intrathecal inflammation and its complete normalization should be one of the goals in future therapeutic strategies. PMID:25653878

  13. Purification and characterisation of anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide IgG immunoglobulins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Antony R; Lock, Emma; Iftikhar, Asma; Barber, Richard; Stubbs, Phil D; Harding, Stephen; Wallis, Gregg L F

    2017-01-01

    The production of reference materials for quantifying pneumococcal antibody concentrations relies upon large scale vaccination. An alternative simple, reproducible protocol has been developed for the affinity purification of 23 serotype anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) IgG immunoglobulins. The purification protocol utilised IgG fractionation, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) adsorption, and affinity chromatography using Pneumovax®-Sepharose. Purification efficiency and method reproducibility were assessed by comparison of 4 batches of anti-PCP IgG. Immunoglobulin composition was determined using nephelometry and functionality was evaluated using VaccZyme™ ELISAs. Anti-PCP IgG preparations were ≥95% pure by SDS-PAGE analysis with no contaminating IgA or IgM immunoglobulins or IgG antigen specific antibodies towards haemophilus influenzae b, diphtheria toxoid or tetanus toxoid. The predominant IgG subclass in the preparation was IgG2. This novel purification procedure produced highly specific anti-PCP IgG preparations that compared well to both Lot 89SF and 007sp international serum standards and could be used as an alternative method for the production of reference materials. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Electrostatic interactions between immunoglobulin (IgG) molecules and a charged sorbent

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bremer, M.G.E.G.; Duval, J.; Norde, Willem; Lyklema, J.

    2004-01-01

    The influence of electrostatic interactions on the adsorption of IgG is examined both theoretically and experimentally. The long-range interaction between IgG and the charged sorbent surface is treated in terms of the DLVO theory taking into account the possibility of charge- and potential

  15. Micro-ELISA for the quantitation of human urinary IgG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomsgaard, A; Feldt-Rasmussen, B; Deckert, M

    1987-01-01

    range was 5-200 micrograms/l. The relative standard deviations within and between assays were 5 and 9%, respectively. Recovery of IgG added to urine was 100-102% (n = 12), and dilution of urine was linear. The assay range allowed for the quantitation of IgG in human urine samples, covering the clinical...

  16. A new support material for IgG adsorption: Syntrichia papillosissima (Copp.) Loeske.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Mithat Evrim; Aktaş Uygun, Deniz; Erdağ, Adnan; Akgöl, Sinan

    2017-11-01

    In this presented work, Syntrichia papillosissima (Copp.) Loeske (S. papillosissima) was used as a natural phytosorbent for IgG purification. These moss species were collected for the natural habitat and prepared for IgG adsorption studies by cleaning, drying, and grinding to uniform size. Syntrichia papillosissima samples were characterized by using FTIR and SEM studies. Functional groups of S. papillosissima were identified by FTIR analysis, while surface characteristics were determined by SEM studies. A batch system was used for the adsorption of IgG onto S. papillosissima surface and physical conditions of the IgG adsorption medium were investigated by modifying the pH, IgG concentration and temperature. Maximum IgG adsorption onto S. papillosissima was found to be 68.01 mg/g moss by using pH 5.0 buffer system. Adsorption kinetic isotherms were also studied and it was found that, Langmuir adsorption model was appropriate for this adsorption study. Reusability profile of S. papillosissima was also investigated and IgG adsorption capacity did not decrease significantly after 5 reuse studies. Results indicated that S. papillosissima species have the capacity to be used as biosorbent for IgG purification, with its low cost, natural and biodegradable structure.

  17. Regulated glycosylation patterns of IgG during alloimmune responses against human platelet antigens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wuhrer, Manfred; Porcelijn, Leendert; Kapur, Rick; Koeleman, Carolien A. M.; Deelder, André; de Haas, Masja; Vidarsson, Gestur

    2009-01-01

    Various biological activities of immunoglobulin G (IgG) including antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) are modulated by the structural features of the N-glycans in the Fc part. In this study, we describe a population of IgG1 alloantibodies which are formed during pregnancy against human

  18. A case of IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis mimicking renal pelvic cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshino, Tateki; Moriyama, Hiroyuki; Fukushima, Masayuki; Sanda, Noriaki

    2013-01-01

    IgG4-related sclerosing disease is a novel clinicopathological entity characterized by fibrosis, extensive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells, and serum IgG4 elevation. This disorder includes a variety of diseases, such as autoimmune pancreatitis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, sialadenitis, thyroiditis, inflammatory abdominal aneurysm, tubulointerstitial nephritis, and inflammatory pseudotumor [World J Gastroenterol 2008;14:3948-3955]. A 71-year-old man visited our hospital with the complaint of left flank pain and gross hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) revealed left hydronephrosis and a thick retroperitoneal soft tissue mass around the ureteropelvic junction, suspicious of renal pelvic cancer. Urine cytology using a urine sample from the left renal pelvis was negative. On laboratory examination, serum levels of IgG and IgG4 were found to be elevated. The patient refused tumor biopsy. Therefore, he was treated with corticosteroid therapy on the basis of a clinical diagnosis with IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis. Regression of the retroperitoneal mass as well as improvement of left hydronephrosis and decrease in serum IgG4 levels were accomplished. These effects strongly suggested that the present case was an IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis. However, in this instance, since we could not completely rule out malignancies by biopsy, careful follow-up was necessary with these points in mind. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. Intrathecal IgG Synthesis: A Resistant and Valuable Target for Future Multiple Sclerosis Treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mickael Bonnan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Intrathecal IgG synthesis is a key biological feature of multiple sclerosis (MS. When acquired early, it persists over time. A growing body of evidence suggests that intrathecal Ig-secreting cells may be pathogenic either by a direct action of toxic IgG or by locally secreting bystander toxic products. Intrathecal IgG synthesis depends on the presence of CNS lymphoid organs, which are strongly linked at anatomical level to cortical subpial lesions and at clinical level to the impairment slope in progressive MS. As a consequence, targeting CNS lymphoid lesions could be a valuable new target in MS, especially during the progressive phase. As intrathecal IgGs are end-products of these lymphoid lesions, intrathecal IgG synthesis may be considered as a specific marker of the persistence of these inflammatory lesions. Here we review the effect upon intrathecal IgG synthesis of all drugs ever used in MS. Except for steroids, all these therapeutic strategies, including rituximab, failed to decrease intrathecal IgG synthesis, with the exception of a questionable incomplete action of natalizumab. Thus, IgG synthesis is a robust marker of persistent intrathecal inflammation and its complete normalization should be one of the goals in future therapeutic strategies.

  20. T cell-independent B cell activation induces immunosuppressive sialylated IgG antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Constanze; Winkler, André; Lorenz, Alexandra K; Holecska, Vivien; Blanchard, Véronique; Eiglmeier, Susanne; Schoen, Anna-Lena; Bitterling, Josephine; Stoehr, Alexander D; Petzold, Dominique; Schommartz, Tim; Mertes, Maria M M; Schoen, Carolin T; Tiburzy, Ben; Herrmann, Anne; Köhl, Jörg; Manz, Rudolf A; Madaio, Michael P; Berger, Markus; Wardemann, Hedda; Ehlers, Marc

    2013-09-01

    Antigen-specific Abs are able to enhance or suppress immune responses depending on the receptors that they bind on immune cells. Recent studies have shown that pro- or antiinflammatory effector functions of IgG Abs are also regulated through their Fc N-linked glycosylation patterns. IgG Abs that are agalactosylated (non-galactosylated) and asialylated are proinflammatory and induced by the combination of T cell-dependent (TD) protein antigens and proinflammatory costimulation. Sialylated IgG Abs, which are immunosuppressive, and Tregs are produced in the presence of TD antigens under tolerance conditions. T cell-independent (TI) B cell activation via B cell receptor (BCR) crosslinking through polysaccharides or via BCR and TLR costimulation also induces IgG Abs, but the Fc glycosylation state of these Abs is unknown. We found in mouse experiments that TI immune responses induced suppressive sialylated IgGs, in contrast to TD proinflammatory Th1 and Th17 immune responses, which induced agalactosylated and asialylated IgGs. Transfer of low amounts of antigen-specific sialylated IgG Abs was sufficient to inhibit B cell activation and pathogenic immune reactions. These findings suggest an immune regulatory function for TI immune responses through the generation of immunosuppressive sialylated IgGs and may provide insight on the role of TI immune responses during infection, vaccination, and autoimmunity.

  1. Antibody isotypes, including IgG subclasses, in Ecuadorian patients with pulmonary Paragonimiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Guevara E.

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available An ELISA test was developed to detect Paragonimus-specific antibodies, including IgG subclasses, using P. mexicanus crude water-soluble antigens. The test was standardized to detect antibodies in sera of Ecuadorian patients with pulmonary paragonimiasis and negative controls from the endemic area. The detected mean levels of IgG (0.753, SEM: 0.074 and IgM (0.303, SEM: 0.033 were significantly elevated (P<0.05. Within the IgG subclasses, IgG4 showed the highest detected mean level (0.365, SEM: 0.116 and the other three subclasses showed considerably lower mean levels (IgG1, 0.186 SEM: 0.06; IgG2, 0.046 SEM: 0.01; IgG3, 0.123 SEM: 0.047. The number of P. mexicanus eggs found in sputum of infected individuals showed a positive correlation with the level of antibodies detected for IgM, IgG and its subclasses (P<0.001. The relevance of these findings in Ecuadorian patients suffering from pulmonary paragonimiasis is discussed.

  2. IgG4 related renal disease: A wolf in sheep′s clothing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Rohan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG4 related disease is a fibro-inflammatory condition with involvement of renal and extra renal organs, characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with organ dysfunction. We describe three cases of IgG4 related renal disease from a tertiary care hospital in south India.

  3. Thoracic Paravertebral Mass as an Infrequent Manifestation of IgG4-Related Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Matzumura Kuan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Case. A 50-year-old African American male presented with abdominal pain and significant weight loss. On physical examination, he had parotid and submandibular gland enlargement associated with right eye proptosis. Computed tomography showed a thoracic paravertebral soft tissue mass, enlarged lymph nodes, and ascending aortic aneurysm. Laboratory results were remarkable for elevated total IgG and IgG4 subclass. The submandibular gland pathology revealed chronic sclerosing sialadenitis, with a large subset of inflammatory cells positively staining for IgG4. The histology of the paravertebral mass demonstrated fibrosclerosis with increased lymphocytic infiltrate, associated with increased IgG4 plasma cells. He was diagnosed with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD. Steroid therapy initially yielded improvement; however, after steroids were stopped, there was disease recurrence. Prednisone was restarted, and the plan was to start him on rituximab. Interestingly, the patient’s brother also had IgG4-RD. Conclusion. IgG4-RD can present as a paravertebral mass which is usually responsive to steroids; however, recurrent and resistant disease can be seen for which steroid-sparing agents such as rituximab should be considered. In addition, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of IgG4-RD in two family members presenting as a paravertebral mass, highlighting an exciting area for more research in the future.

  4. Serum IgG levels in IV immunoglobulin treated chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Kuitwaard (Krista); P.A. van Doorn (Pieter); M. Vermeulen (Marinus); L.H. van den Berg (Leonard); E. Brusse (Esther); A.J. Kooj (Anneke); W.L. van der Pol (Ludo); I.N. van Schaik (Ivo); N.C. Notermans (Nicolette); A.P. Tio-Gillen (Anne); W. van Rijs (Wouter); T. van Gelder (Teun); B.C. Jacobs (Bart)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractObjective: To determine the variability of serum IgG in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Methods: All 25 CIDP patients had active but stable disease and were treated with individually optimised fixed dose IVIg regimens. IgG was measured by

  5. T cell–independent B cell activation induces immunosuppressive sialylated IgG antibodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Constanze; Winkler, André; Lorenz, Alexandra K.; Holecska, Vivien; Blanchard, Véronique; Eiglmeier, Susanne; Schoen, Anna-Lena; Bitterling, Josephine; Stoehr, Alexander D.; Petzold, Dominique; Schommartz, Tim; Mertes, Maria M.M.; Schoen, Carolin T.; Tiburzy, Ben; Herrmann, Anne; Köhl, Jörg; Manz, Rudolf A.; Madaio, Michael P.; Berger, Markus; Wardemann, Hedda; Ehlers, Marc

    2013-01-01

    Antigen-specific Abs are able to enhance or suppress immune responses depending on the receptors that they bind on immune cells. Recent studies have shown that pro- or antiinflammatory effector functions of IgG Abs are also regulated through their Fc N-linked glycosylation patterns. IgG Abs that are agalactosylated (non-galactosylated) and asialylated are proinflammatory and induced by the combination of T cell–dependent (TD) protein antigens and proinflammatory costimulation. Sialylated IgG Abs, which are immunosuppressive, and Tregs are produced in the presence of TD antigens under tolerance conditions. T cell–independent (TI) B cell activation via B cell receptor (BCR) crosslinking through polysaccharides or via BCR and TLR costimulation also induces IgG Abs, but the Fc glycosylation state of these Abs is unknown. We found in mouse experiments that TI immune responses induced suppressive sialylated IgGs, in contrast to TD proinflammatory Th1 and Th17 immune responses, which induced agalactosylated and asialylated IgGs. Transfer of low amounts of antigen-specific sialylated IgG Abs was sufficient to inhibit B cell activation and pathogenic immune reactions. These findings suggest an immune regulatory function for TI immune responses through the generation of immunosuppressive sialylated IgGs and may provide insight on the role of TI immune responses during infection, vaccination, and autoimmunity. PMID:23979161

  6. IgG subclasses in previously healthy adult patients with acute ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    has been known for more than 20 years that certain patients with IgG subclass deficiencies may develop recurrent respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia.I...; However, there are few studies of IgG subclass levels in previously healthy adult patients with acute community-acquired pneumonia,~ particularly of patients ...

  7. The characteristics of specific IgG to phthalic anhydride (PA)-albumin conjugate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatanaka, S; Imamura, I; Terazawa, Y; Kuroda, K; Endo, G

    1997-10-01

    Phthalic anhydride (PA), used in the chemical industry, binds to proteins and causes allergic reactions. It is important to study the characteristics of antibody to PA-protein. We produced specific IgG against PA-rabbit serum albumin (RSA) by administering subcutaneous injections of PA-RSA conjugate to two rabbits. Both rabbits' sera had high titers of IgG not only to PA-RSA but also to PA-human serum albumin (HSA) and HSA. In enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and ELISA HSA inhibition, specific IgG to PA-HSA revealed cross-reactivity to three other phthalyl anhydride conjugates, hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA)-HSA, methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride (MHHPA)-HSA, and methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride (MTHPA)-HSA, in both sera. Titers of IgG to HHPA-HSA, MHHPA-HSA, and MTHPA-HSA were not significantly different. On affinity chromatography, highly specific IgG to PA hapten alone was purified. In the serum not binding to PA column, specific IgG to PA-HSA was significantly less than in original serum, but levels of specific IgG to other phthalyl anhydride-HSA were unchanged. Rabbits immunized with PA-RSA produced at least two types of IgG: one is to PA hapten alone and the other may be against new antigenic determinants (NADs) on HSA.

  8. Consensus statement on the pathology of IgG4-related disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deshpande, Vikram; Zen, Yoh; Chan, John Kc; Yi, Eunhee E.; Sato, Yasuharu; Yoshino, Tadashi; Klöppel, Günter; Heathcote, J. Godfrey; Khosroshahi, Arezou; Ferry, Judith A.; Aalberse, Rob C.; Bloch, Donald B.; Brugge, William R.; Bateman, Adrian C.; Carruthers, Mollie N.; Chari, Suresh T.; Cheuk, Wah; Cornell, Lynn D.; Fernandez-del Castillo, Carlos; Forcione, David G.; Hamilos, Daniel L.; Kamisawa, Terumi; Kasashima, Satomi; Kawa, Shigeyuki; Kawano, Mitsuhiro; Lauwers, Gregory Y.; Masaki, Yasufumi; Nakanuma, Yasuni; Notohara, Kenji; Okazaki, Kazuichi; Ryu, Ji Kon; Saeki, Takako; Sahani, Dushyant V.; Smyrk, Thomas C.; Stone, James R.; Takahira, Masayuki; Webster, George J.; Yamamoto, Motohisa; Zamboni, Giuseppe; Umehara, Hisanori; Stone, John H.

    2012-01-01

    IgG4-related disease is a newly recognized fibro-inflammatory condition characterized by several features: a tendency to form tumefactive lesions in multiple sites; a characteristic histopathological appearance; and-often but not always-elevated serum IgG4 concentrations. An international symposium

  9. IgG from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affects tubular calcium channels of skeletal muscle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delbono, O; García, J; Appel, S H; Stefani, E

    1991-06-01

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating human disease of upper and lower motoneurons. We studied the action of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) from ALS and disease control patients on dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca2+ channels in single mammalian skeletal muscle fibers with the double Vaseline gap technique. The peak of the Ca2+ current (ICa) and the charge movement were reduced when the fibers were incubated in ALS IgG. These effects were lost when the IgG was boiled or adsorbed with skeletal tubular membranes. ALS IgG reduced skeletal muscle ICa in a similar fashion as nifedipine; the ICa blockade was voltage dependent, and the associated charge movement was reduced. These observations suggest that IgG from ALS patients reacts with the skeletal muscle DHP-sensitive Ca2+ channels or some associated regulatory moiety.

  10. IgG and IgE antibodies to Chironomidae in asthmatic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, N; Ito, K; Nakagawa, T; Haida, M; Okudaira, H; Nakada, S; Miyamoto, T; Shibuya, T; Kamei, K; Sasa, M

    1987-01-01

    IgG antibodies to Chironomidae and its correlations to radioallergosorbent and skin reactions were examined with the aim of clarifying the relationship between asthma and Chironomidae. The level of specific IgG antibody in asthmatic patients (0.698 +/- 0.034, n = 104) was significantly greater than that in normal subjects (0.367 +/- 0.032, n = 52) (P less than 0.01). The specific IgG level was not correlated to skin reaction, nor to IgE RAST scores. Specific IgG1 and IgG4 levels in asthmatic patients were significantly greater than in control subjects (n = 14) (P less than 0.01). Images Fig. 5 PMID:3652516

  11. IgG Adhesion on Hydrophobic Surfaces: Theory, Modelling, and Application to ELISA

    CERN Document Server

    de Thier, P

    2016-01-01

    Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assays (ELISA) are a range of widely used analytical methods whose implementation requires to build antibodies (IgG) thin films onto surfaces predominantly made of polystyrene. The high hydrophobicity of polystyrene ensures a spontaneous and strong adhesion of proteins allowing to easily build IgG monolayers. Since the ELISA improvements definitely lie in the comprehension of physico-chemical mechanisms on which IgG immobilization on hydrophobic surfaces are relied, this work develops a theorization essay (thermodynamics of the so-called hydrophobic effect and of thin films building) emphasized by numerical modelling (random sequential additions model, i.e. RSA) and experimental estimations by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and ELISA. Keeping in mind the hydrophobic effect, thermodynamics (of irreversible processes) allows to explain why IgG adhesion on polystyrene occurs whereas numerical modelling approaches show a way of surface saturation leading to promote IgG orientations expe...

  12. Diagnostic Challenges in a Case of IgG4-RD Affecting the Temporal Bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuncannon, Jackson Ross; Panella, Nicholas John; Magliocca, Kelly R; Mattox, Douglas E

    2017-03-01

    Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently described fibroinflammatory condition with a characteristic histology. While IgG4-RD can affect a great variety of anatomical sites, it has been seldom described in the temporal bone. Herein, a case IgG4-RD occurring in the temporal bone of a 35-year-old woman is reported. This case of IgG4-RD of the temporal bone proved a uniquely challenging diagnosis due to slightly atypical histology falling outside of "highly suggestive" criteria. We suggest that IgG4-RD remains a challenging diagnosis to reach despite increased awareness of the condition. We further suggest that clinicopathologic correlation remain the cornerstone of diagnosis as the spectrum of presentations of this newly described disease may be wider than previously anticipated.

  13. Oral fluid, a substitute for serum to monitor measles IgG antibody?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goyal A

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We have analyzed the suitability and potential of Oral Fluid (OF to substitute serum in estimating measles IgG antibodies, during community surveys, by comparing the Optical Density (OD of measles IgG antibodies in OF and serum of 100 apparently asymptomatic children. IgG antibody status was determined using commercially available - Measles IgG Capture ELISA. Sensitivity 89.5%, specificity 90.6% Concordance of 89%, coefficient of correlation r is equal to 0.97 (Karl Pearson′s and rho is equal to 0.86 (Spearman′s, was found between OD value of OF and serum. The study emphasizes the potential of OF to surrogate serum in estimating Measles IgG antibody among children. The OF collection is advantageous over blood as it is painless. It is suitable for non-technical staff, easy to transport and less bio-hazardous.

  14. Some histopathological aspects of the disease related to IgG-4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minerva Lazos-Ochoa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD is a recurrent chronic fibroinflammatory disease, probably of autoimmune origin, recently recognised. Its diagnosis is based on a combination of clinical, radiological, serological, histopathological and immunohistochemical data. However, the histopathology is considered as the golden “standard” for diagnosis. In most of the cases, the sum of lymphoplasmacytic inflammatory infiltrate with abundant IgG4+ plasma cells, storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis makes a reliable diagnosis. Patients usually show elevated serum IgG4 concentrations and respond well to steroid therapy. Nowadays, IgG4-RD has been described in almost every organ: pancreatobiliary tract, liver, salivary glands, nasopharynx, bone marrow, lacrimal gland, extra-ocular muscles and retrobulbar space, kidney, lung, lymph nodes, meninges, aorta, skin, breast, prostate, thyroid gland and pericardium.

  15. Proposal for diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related kidney disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawano, Mitsuhiro; Saeki, Takako; Nakashima, Hitoshi; Nishi, Shinichi; Yamaguchi, Yutaka; Hisano, Satoshi; Yamanaka, Nobuaki; Inoue, Dai; Yamamoto, Motohisa; Takahashi, Hiroki; Nomura, Hideki; Taguchi, Takashi; Umehara, Hisanori; Makino, Hirofumi; Saito, Takao

    2011-10-01

    IgG4-related disease has attracted wide attention recently. It is characterized by a high level of serum IgG4 and dense infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into multiple organs, with the kidney being one representative target. Although several sets of diagnostic criteria for autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are available and renal lesion is recognized as an extra-pancreatic manifestation of AIP, it is difficult to differentiate IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) without AIP from other types of TIN. To clarify the entity of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) and support in-depth studies, the Japanese Society of Nephrology has established a working group to prepare diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RKD. The working group analyzed 41 patients with IgG4-RKD, and collected the following data to devise a diagnostic algorithm and diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RKD: clinical features including extra-renal organ involvement, urinalysis and serological features including serum IgG4 levels, imaging findings demonstrated by computed tomography (CT), renal histology with IgG4 immunostaining, and response to steroid therapy. The conditions for criteria are as follows. (1) Presence of some kidney damage, as manifested by abnormal urinalysis or urine marker(s) and/or decreased kidney function with either elevated serum IgG level, hypocomplementemia, or elevated serum IgE level. (2) Kidney imaging studies showing abnormal renal imaging findings, i.e., multiple low density lesions on enhanced CT, diffuse kidney enlargement, hypovascular solitary mass in the kidney, and hypertrophic lesion of the renal pelvic wall without irregularity of the renal pelvic surface. (3) Serum IgG4 level exceeding 135 mg/dl. (4) Renal histology showing two abnormal findings: (a) dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with infiltrating IgG4-positive plasma cells >10/high power field (HPF) and/or ratio of IgG4-positive plasma cells/IgG positive plasma cells >40%. (b) Characteristic 'storiform

  16. Reflexiones sobre la crisis. Vidas y Memorias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estela Vázquez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se plantea analizar la deslegitimación de la política y de los políticos, así como del acto de votar. Encuadrado en el marco del contexto de la crisis argentina de los últimos años, quiere responder, por medio de la entrevista oral y la historia de vida, a cómo se ve desde la ciudadanía el ejercicio de la democracia, las prácticas políticas, la alternancia en el poder y de qué forma todo esto influye en las vidas personales de los entrevistados. Asimismo, se entrelaza el análisis del espectáculo político con el público que ofrecen los medios de comunicación y de entretenimiento, con lo que se viene a concluir que es cada vez más difícil distinguir en el debate social la ficción de los hechos y personajes verdaderamente reales. Para este trabajo se analizan tres trayectorias laborales de ex-empleados de la administración pública, y sus apreciaciones sobre el despido, vinculando estas experiencias de vida a la formación de sus ideas sobre la política y los políticos.. Sus lugares de trabajo eran el Registro Civil, la Secretaría de Educación y la Legislatura, respectivamente.__________________ABSTRACT:This article tries to analyse the discredit of politics and politicians along with the act of voting. Placed in the context of the Argentine crisis, it wants to determinate through oral interview and life story how citizens see the exercise of democracy, the political practices and the power switching, to establish how they have influenced in the lifes of the persons being interviewed. At the same time, it interlaces an analysis of he political spectacle shown to the public by the media, to conclude that is becoming more a more difficult to distinguish the fiction from the real characters in the social debate.

  17. Forældreinvolvering i Vida-projektet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berliner, Peter; Kousholt, Dorte

    2012-01-01

    Kapitlet redegør for resultater af og diskuterer den del af et VIDA-survey, der omhandler forældresamarbejde og -involvering (VIDA-Basis+). Kapitlet præsenterer resultater vedrørende ændringer i forældresamarbejdets karakter, omfang og prioritering i de deltagende dagtilbud. Derudover foretages en...

  18. Refractometer assessment of colostral and serum IgG and milk total solids concentrations in dairy cattle

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Estimation of the quantity of colostral IgG or serum IgG absorbed following ingestion of colostrum by calves is essential for monitoring the effectiveness of colostrum feeding practices on dairy farms. Milk total solids concentrations determination is a critical part of quality assessment of nonsaleable whole milk prior to feeding to calves. To date, on-farm methods to assess colostral IgG, serum IgG or milk total solids concentrations have been performed separately with various instruments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of a single electronic, hand-held refractometer for assessing colostral and serum IgG concentrations and milk total solids in dairy cattle. Colostral IgG, serum IgG and milk total solids concentrations were determined by the refractometer. Corresponding analysis of colostral and serum IgG concentrations were determined by radial immunodiffusion (RID) while milk total solids were determined by spectrophotometry. Sensitivity and specificity of the refractometer for colostrum and serum samples were calculated as determined by RID. Sensitivity and specificity of the refractometer for milk samples was calculated as determined by spectrophotometry. Results The sensitivity of the refractometer was 1 for colostral IgG, serum IgG and milk total solids determinations. Specificity of the refractometer was 0.66, 0.24 and 0 for colostral IgG, serum IgG and milk total solids determinations, respectively. The refractometer underestimated colostral IgG, serum IgG and milk total solids concentrations compared to the concentrations determined by RID or spectrophotometry. Conclusions The refractometer was an acceptable, rapid, convenient on-farm method for determining colostral IgG and milk total solids. The refractometer was not an acceptable method for determination of serum IgG concentrations as it severely underestimated the serum IgG concentrations. PMID:25125217

  19. [Multicenter study of commercial kits for the determination of human IgG subclasses, using the ELISA technique].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pontet, F; Pressac, M; Musset, L; Tapon-Bretaudière, J; Jehl, C; Cailliez, M; Bienvenu, F

    1994-01-01

    We evaluated two commercially available sandwich type Elisa procedures for the measurement of IgG subclasses in human serum. Assay kits from The Binding Site and the Central Laboratory of the Netherlands Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service were tested in six laboratories. The performance of spectrophotometers, pipettes and dilutors were assessed at each center. Within-run precision was estimated according to the Valtec method (Société Française de Biologie Clinique). The overall coefficient of variation ranged from 4 to 50% depending on subclass and kit. We also evaluated the IgG2 and IgG4 specificity using four sera containing a monoclonal IgG2 or IgG4 (kappa or lambda type). Using total IgG and immunoelectrophoresis as a comparative technique, IgG2 kappa and IgG4 kappa were both underestimated, IgG2 lambda was overestimated while IgG4 lambda compared favorably. Polyclonal IgG subclasses were frequently overestimated in these sera suggesting cross-reactions with either monoclonal IgG or other polyclonal IgG. Antigen excess was investigated and not encountered with either kit. Our results demonstrate that these procedures are insufficiently accurate or precise for routine clinical use.

  20. Glycation, oxidation and glycoxidation of IgG: a biophysical, biochemical, immunological and hematological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Islam, Sidra; Moinuddin; Mir, Abdul Rouf; Raghav, Alok; Habib, Safia; Alam, Khursheed; Ali, Asif

    2017-09-12

    Glycation and oxidation induce structural alterations in the proteins in an interdependent manner with consequent pathological implications. The published literature presents wide range of modifications in conformational characteristics of proteins by glycation and oxidation; however, there is little data that could elaborate the cumulative effect of both the processes. This study has analysed the modifications in IgG by methylglyoxal (MG) (glycative stress), hydroxyl radical ([Formula: see text]) (oxidative stress) and by their combined action i.e. [Formula: see text] treatment of MG glycated IgG (glycoxidation). It further addresses the implications of the altered structural integrity of IgG on its immunological characteristics and impact on haematological parameters in rabbits. Using circular dichroism, FTIR, SDS-PAGE analysis, thioflavin-T fluorescence assay, congo red absorbance analysis, dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, ELISA, blood cell counts and rectal temperature studies, we report that the glycoxidative modification caused maximum alteration in the IgG as compared to the glycatively and oxidatively modified protein. Far-UV CD results confirmed the highest decline in the beta-pleated sheet content of the protein by glycoxidation. The damage led to the reduced flexibility and enhanced electronic interactions in IgG as observed by near-UV CD. Modifications caused cross-linking and adduct formation in the serum protein. The electron micrograph confirmed amorphous aggregation in modified IgG. The modifications increased the hydrodynamic radius of IgG by allowing the attachment of [Formula: see text] and MG residues. The glycoxidatively modified IgG induced the maximum antibody titres that showed high specificity towards the altered IgG. The glycoxidation of IgG leads to activation of inflammatory pathways.

  1. IgG4-related disease simulating Hodgkin lymphoma in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Eric Ewing, MD

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Immunoglobulin (Ig G4-related disease is a recently described syndrome characterized by mass forming lymphoplasmacytic tissue infiltration and elevated serum IgG4 concentrations usually affecting middle-aged or older individuals. Lymphadenopathy is frequently observed and is sometimes the first or only manifestation of the disease. We report a case of IgG4-related disease mimicking Hodgkin lymphoma in a 13-year-old girl. The patient presented with progressive unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy of several months duration. Biopsy showed follicular hyperplasia with progressive transformation of germinal centers. Interfollicular areas were expanded by small lymphocytes, histiocytes, eosinophils and fibrosis with occasional CD30 positive cells initially concerning for interfollicular Hodgkin lymphoma. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed an intrafollicular plasmacytosis with an IgG4-positive/IgG-positive plasma cell ratio of 50% supporting a diagnosis of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, progressively transformed germinal centers type. Laboratory studies were supportive with elevated serum IgG4 (178 mg/dL and IgE (30.40 kU/L levels along with an elevated serum IgG4/IgG ratio (0.16. Very few cases of IgG4-related disease have been described in children. Within this age group, there is considerable clinical overlap between IgG4-related disease associated lymphadenopathy and Hodgkin lymphoma. In addition, lymphadenopathy secondary to IgG4-related disease demonstrates substantial histologic diversity with the potential to simulate the inflammatory background and fibrosis of Hodgkin lymphoma. The importance of accurate diagnosis is underscored by the prognostic implications considering the marked response of the syndrome to steroid therapy. In addition, appropriate follow up is critical to monitor for relapse and additional organ involvement.

  2. Identification of a novel host-specific IgG protease in Streptococcus phocae subsp. phocae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rungelrath, Viktoria; Wohlsein, Jan Christian; Siebert, Ursula; Stott, Jeffrey; Prenger-Berninghoff, Ellen; von Pawel-Rammingen, Ulrich; Valentin-Weigand, Peter; Baums, Christoph G; Seele, Jana

    2017-03-01

    Streptococcus (S.) phocae subsp. phocae causes bronchopneumonia and septicemia in a variety of marine mammals. Especially in harbor seals infected with phocine distemper virus it plays an important role as an opportunistic pathogen. This study was initiated by the detection of IgG cleavage products in Western blot analysis after incubation of bacterial supernatant with harbor seal serum. Hence, the objectives of this study were the identification and characterization of a secreted IgG cleaving protease in S. phocae subsp. phocae isolated from marine mammals. To further identify the responsible factor of IgG cleavage a protease inhibitor profile was generated. Inhibition of the IgG cleaving activity by iodoacetamide and Z-LVG-CHN2 indicated that a cysteine protease is involved. Moreover, an anti-IdeS antibody directed against the IgG endopeptidase IdeS of S. pyogenes showed cross reactivity with the putative IgG protease of S. phocae subsp. phocae. The IgG cleaving factor of S. phocae subsp. phocae was identified through an inverse PCR approach and designated IdeP (Immunoglobulin G degrading enzyme of S. phocae subsp. phocae) in analogy to the cysteine protease IdeS. Notably, recombinant (r) IdeP is a host and substrate specific protease as it cleaves IgG from grey and harbor seals but not IgG from harbor porpoises or non-marine mammals. The identification of IdeP represents the first description of a protein in S. phocae subsp. phocae involved in immune evasion. Furthermore, the fact that IdeP cleaves solely IgG of certain marine mammals reflects functional adaption of S. phocae subsp. phocae to grey and harbor seals as its main hosts. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Evaluation of Quantitative Anti-F1 IgG and Anti-V IgG ELISAs for use as an in Vitro-Based Potency Assay of Plague Vaccine in Mice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Little, S. F; Webster, W. M; Wilhelm, H; Powell, B; Enama, J; Adamovicz, J. J

    2008-01-01

    .... Experimental results suggested that a potency assay based upon the serological response of female Swiss Webster mice, as measured by quantitative anti-F1 IgG and anti-V IgG ELISAs, might be used...

  4. CUIDADO: EIXO DA VIDA, DESAFIO DA ENFERMAGEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Souza Ramos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, fazemos uma reflexão sobre o que seja cuidado, cuidado de enfermagem e de algumas premissas e consequências da realização deste cuidado. Assumimos o cuidado como componente essencial para a vida e dependente do amor, com as dimensões do eu, do outro e do planeta. Na enfermagem, o desafio que se coloca é como transformar este cuidado em cuidado terapêutico no qual, sujeito enfermo e sujeito cuidador se relacionem para buscar uma maior autonomia do primeiro, sempre com base em valores como conhecimento e respeito mútuo, ou seja: como realizar um cuidado mais plástico, mais arte ao lado da técnica, conhecendo o outro a partir do seu olhar.

  5. Recuperando vidas: uma proposta de atendimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celeste Anunciata Baptista Dias Moreira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca problematizar a respeito da atuação do Serviço Social em um centro de tratamento público destinado a adolescentes usuários e usuários abusivos de drogas no Rio de Janeiro - Centro de Tratamento Recuperando Vidas - gerenciado pelo Departamento Geral de Ações Socioeducativas (DEGASE, responsável pela execução de medidas socioeducativas no referido estado. Traz, ainda, as análises relativas aos limites impostos pela execução dessa política no sistema socioeducativo que atua com adolescentes em conflito com a lei, como também destaca as possibilidades que tal campo fértil traz à profissão.

  6. Regulaciones de la vida urbana colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Núñez Sánchez

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo analiza ciertas normas dictadas por la Corona con el propósito de regular la vida urbana a lo largo del período colonial. El artículo centra su estudio en algunas disposiciones que buscaban refrenar el desorden público y mantener el orden y las normas del "buen vivir". Bajo esta perspectiva, se analizan algunas prácticas culturales que se apartaban de estas regulaciones, entre las que se incluyeron los albazos y carnavales. Muchas de estas manifestaciones fueron percibidas por el poder colonial como muestras de primitivismo latente. No obstante, el juego de carnaval, entre otras prácticas, se mantuvo reacio a acatar estas regulaciones.

  7. Vida: Análisis de contenido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Raffo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las condiciones higiénicas, sanitarias y de salubridad en el Perú son similares al resto de pueblos de América Latina. Desatada la epidemia los medios de comunicación fueron los aliados eficaces en esta perentoria lucha contra la enfermedad y los primeros en difundir las primeras señales de alerta y las advertencias para evitar que la propagación se produjera con celeridad. Destaca el valor de la revista VIDA, suplemento de salud, semanal, modelo para imitar, que está dirigida a los sectores de más bajos ingresos, se transformó en un auxiliar en la lucha contra el cólera.

  8. "Dinkis" : marcando un nuevo estilo de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Brull, María Teresa; Gómez, Domingo

    2006-01-01

    El término «dinki» responde a las siglas en inglés «double income no kids» (doble sueldo sin hijos). Los «dinkis» son parejas de jóvenes que a pesar de convivir, tener dos sueldos y cierta holgura económica, no tienen ni desean tener hijos, para poder mantener un buen nivel de vida (dedicando buena parte de su sueldo a salir, comer fuera, viajar...). El fenómeno «dinki» no es más que la constatación de una realidad ya existente,pues según un estudio realizado por la consultora Milward Brown S...

  9. Algunas consideraciones sobre la calidad de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Lugones Botell

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Se expone qué recoge el concepto calidad de vida en el contexto médico, aunque está sujeto a diversas interpretaciones según el círculo social en que se mueva el que lo esgrime. Pertenece al ámbito de la subjetividad, pero tiene mucho que ver también con la objetividad que envuelve a la persona.This paper presents what is contained in the quality of life concept in the medical environment, although it is subject to a number of interpretations according to the social circle of the individual that puts forward such concept. It belongs to the field of subjectivity but it has a lot to do with the objectivity surrounding the individual.

  10. Vida y religación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Yáñez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Al cumplirse 50 años de la muerte de José Ortega y Gasset, este artículo busca mostrar de manera indicativa cómo las tesis básicas de la filosofía de Xavier Zubiri han de ser entendidas como desarrollos a partir de los logros del análisis orteguiano de la vida como realidad radical. Se hace especial hincapié en la noción de "fondo insobornable" que elaboró Ortega, como antecedente del concepto zubiriano de "religación". Es sabido que esta noción le permitirá a Zubiri una consideración filosófica del problema de Dios y de las religiones. Las ideas de "fondo insobornable" y de "religación" apuntan a aquella dimensión radical de la vida humana donde palpita la pregunta por Dios y se abre la experiencia de una trascendencia en la más propia inmanenciaOn the 50th anniversary of the death of José Ortega y Gasset, this article seeks to show in an indicative manner how the basic theses of Xavier Zubiri's philosophies have to be understood: as developments that begin with the achievements of Ortega's analysis of life as a radical reality. Special emphasis is made on the notion of the incorruptible foundation that Ortega elaborated, as an antecedent to Zubiri's concept of "religación" (binding. As is known, this notion will permit Zubiri to take on a philosophical consideration of the problem of God and of religions. The ideas of fondo insobornable and of religación point towards that radical dimension of human life where the question about God palpitates and opens one to the experience of a transcendency in its most inherent immanence

  11. Amibas de vida libre en seres humanos

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    Mónica Liliana Peralta Rodríguez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre las enfermedades graves, peligrosas y de gran importancia epidemiológica se encuentran la meningitis y la encefalitis, que pueden llevar a invalidez o muerte. Los agentes etiológicos que las producen generalmente son bacterias, virus y hongos. En cuanto a los protozoos causantes de meningitis y encefalitis, se encuentran las amibas de vida libre. Los individuos infectados con estas amibas tienen como antecedente el haber tenido contacto con aguas contaminadas en días recientes, especialmente de piscinas o aguas termales. Naegleria fowleri parasita a individuos aparentemente saludables, niños o jóvenes y es la causante de meningoencefalitis amebiana primaria, que se caracteriza por su rápida evolución y luego la muerte. Algunas especies del género Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandrillaris, y recientemente Sappinia pedata, producen encefalitis amebiana granulomatosa, que se presenta de forma subaguda o crónica; generalmente parasitan a individuos inmunosuprimidos. Además, ciertas especies de Acanthamoeba producen queratitis, que se confunden con las producidas por Herpes simplex u hongos. Estas amibas también causan infecciones severas en pulmones, oídos, piel y nariz. El diagnóstico de estas amibas en la mayoría de los casos se hace después de la muerte de los individuos infectados. En cuanto a su tratamiento, se han empleado combinaciones de varios antimicrobianos con resultados poco alentadores. Estas amibas no son lo suficientemente conocidas por el personal de salud, por lo tanto, en esta revisión se pretende evidenciar los aspectos más relevantes de éstas, ya que puede haber subdiagnóstico o confusión con otros agentes etiológicos y no sospechar de la presencia de amibas de vida libre.

  12. Paulo Leminski: sinais de vida e sobrevida

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    Celia Pedrosa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Esse ensaio tem como objetivo a leitura articulada de alguns aspectos das cartas, ensaios e biografias escritos por Paulo Leminski. Através dessa leitura, apresenta questões que permitam compreender, em função dos vínculos entre experiência de vida e de linguagem, sua opção por uma atividade intelectual híbrida, que questiona as fronteiras da cultura de seu tempo, bem como, em face dos limites desse tempo, sua idéia de contemporaneidade, assombrada pela sobrevida de personagens de outras épocas e relativizada por sua própria morte precoce.Ese ensayo tiene como objetivo la lectura articulada de algunos aspectos de las cartas, ensayos y biografías escritas por Paulo Leminski. Desde esa lectura, se propone presentar algunas cuestiones que permitan comprender, en función de los vínculos entre la experiencia vivida de vida y de lenguaje, su opción por una actividad intelectual híbrida, que cuestiona las fronteras de la cultura de su tiempo, así como, frente a los límites de ese tiempo, su propia idea de contemporaneidad, asombrada por la sobrevida de personajes de otras épocas y relativizada por su muerte precoz.This study proposes a comprehensive reading of some aspects of Paulo Leminski's letters, essays and biographical writings. A number of points will be raised that will allow, in function of the links between experiences in living and in language, an understanding of Leminski's choice of a hybrid sort of intellectual activity, questioning the boundary lines assumed by the culture of his time, as well as _ given the limits of his time _ his very concept of contemporariness, haunted by the aterlifeacters from other times and relativized by his own early death.

  13. Impacto de los estilos de vida entre cafetaleros y caneros en la vejez

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vazquez Palacios, Felipe R

    2010-01-01

    ... central de Veracruz, Mexico. La investigacion muestra que si bien el cafe y la cana generan estilos de vida distintos, no generan diferencias sustantivas en la calidad de vida, pero si diferente concepcion y proyecto de vida...

  14. Prognostic value of intrathecal IgG synthesis in multiple sclerosis: a study in 54 patients

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    Aghamohammadi A

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system with multifocal areas of demyelination. Despite an increased understanding of the mechanisms causing MS, immunological factors that indicate disease activity are only starting to be discovered. Chronic brain inflammation is often associated with an increase in production of IgG in the CSF as determined by the IgG index (normal ≤0.77 and oligoclonal bands (OCBs. Different studies have found variable correlations between these two factors and disease progression. We herein evaluate the correlation of IgG index and OCB with disease progression in Iranian MS patients.Methods: The IgG index was measured in 54 patients with multiple sclerosis. The progression index (PI, type of disease course and the presence of OCBs were compared in patients with normal, high and very high IgG index.Results: PI was higher in patients with very high IgG indexes (0.10±0.13 vs. patients with high (0.06±0.05 and normal IgG indexes (0.05±0.07; p>0.05. Secondary progressive (SP patients had higher IgG indexes than those with relapsing-remitting (RR courses (2.04±1.24 for SP vs. 1.78±1.45 for RR; p>0.05. The PI was higher in OCB-positive MS patients (0.08±0.10 vs. OCB-negative patients (0.05±0.04 (p>0.05.Conclusion: Although the findings of this study need to be treated with some caution since this is not a prospective evaluation, the results indicate a trend toward better prognosis of the disease in patients with lower IgG index values. We think that the IgG index is a useful marker of disease activity in MS. Patients with IgG indexes above 1.1 could have an increased risk of progression and they would benefit from early treatment with immunomodulator agents. Our results did not reveal statistically significant prognostic value for IgG index in patients with multiple sclerosis. Thus the results warrant prospective studies to verify the prognostic value of intrathecal IgG

  15. Calidad de vida y estilo de vida saludable en un grupo de estudiantes de posgrado de la ciudad de Lima

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    Mirian Pilar Grimaldo Muchotrigo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la relación entre los dominios de bienestar económico, amigos, vecindario y comunidad, pareja, vida familiar, ocio, medios de comunicación, religión y calidad de vida y tres factores del estilo de vida saludable (actividad deportiva, consumo de alimentos y sueño y reposo en estudiantes de posgrado de Ciencias de la Salud de la ciudad de Lima, Perú. Método. Diseño descriptivo-correlacional conducido con 198 profesionales de la salud, estudiantes de maestría y doctorado. Los instrumentos aplicados fueron una escala de calidad de vida y un cuestionario de estilo de vida saludable. Resultados. No se encontró correlación entre calidad de vida y actividad deportiva. Se halló correlación entre calidad de vida del dominio salud y consumo de alimentos en el grupo de edad más joven. Se observaron correlaciones moderadas entre algunos dominios de la calidad de vida (amigos, vida familiar, ocio y religión y sueño y reposo, principalmente en el grupo que recibe entre USD719 y USD1436. Respecto al dominio vecindario, las correlaciones moderadas se hallaron en el grupo de los que ganan hasta USD 718 y en los profesionales no médicos. Conclusión. Los hallazgos del estudio muestran que existe una estrecha relación entre sueño y calidad de vida, aunque hay necesidad de continuar investigando en otros grupos muestrales.

  16. In vitro Anti-Toxoplasma gondii Activity of Root Extract/Fractions of Eurycoma longifolia Jack

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    Kavitha Nowroji

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Toxoplasma gondii infection causes toxoplasmosis, an infectious disease with worldwide prevalence. The limited efficiency of drugs against this infection, their side effects and the potential appearance of resistant strains make the search of novel drugs an essential need. We examined Eurycoma longifolia root extract and fractions as potential sources of new compounds with high activity and low toxicity. The main goal of this study was to investigate the anti-T. gondii activity of crude extract (TACME and four fractions (TAF 273, TAF 355, TAF 191 and TAF 401 from E. longifolia, with clindamycin as the positive control. Methods In vitro toxoplasmacidal evaluation was performed using Vero cells as host for T. gondii. Light microscopy technique was used to study in situ antiparasitic activity. Results Significant anti-T. gondii activity was observed with clindamycin (EC50 = 0.016 μg/ml, follow by TAF 355 (EC50 = 0.369 μg/ml and TAF 401 (EC50 = 0.882 μg/ml. Light microscopy revealed that most Vero cells were infected after 3 h of exposure to T. gondii. After 36 h of exposure to the E. longifolia fraction, the host Vero cells showed no visible intracellular parasite and no remarkable morphological changes. Conclusions Our study demonstrated that TAF 355 and TAF401 fractions may be the sources of new anti-T. gondii compounds.

  17. Screening of chemical compound libraries identified new anti-Toxoplasma gondii agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeyemi, Oluyomi Stephen; Sugi, Tatsuki; Han, Yongmei; Kato, Kentaro

    2018-02-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is the etiological agent of toxoplasmosis, a common parasitic disease that affects nearly one-third of the human population. The primary infection can be asymptomatic in healthy individuals but may prove fatal in immunocompromised individuals. Available treatment options for toxoplasmosis patients are limited, underscoring the urgent need to identify and develop new therapies. Non-biased screening of libraries of chemical compounds including the repurposing of well-characterized compounds is emerging as viable approach to achieving this goal. In the present investigation, we screened libraries of natural product and FDA-approved compounds to identify those that inhibited T. gondii growth. We identified 32 new compounds that potently inhibit T. gondii growth. Our findings are new and promising, and further strengthen the prospects of drug repurposing as well as the screening of a wide range of chemical compounds as a viable source of alternative anti-parasitic therapeutic agents.

  18. Anti-Toxoplasma Activity of 2-(Naphthalene-2-γlthiol-1H Indole.

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    Qasem Asgari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to evaluate the viability, infectivity and immunity of Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites exposed to 2-(naphthalene-2-ylthio-1H-indole.Tachyzoites of RH strain were incubated in various concentrations of 2-(naphthalene-2-ylthio-1H-indole (25-800 μM for 1.5 hours. Then, they were stained by PI and analyzed by Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS. To evaluate the infectivity, the tachyzoites exposed to the different concentrations of the compound were inoculated to 10 BALB/c mice groups. For Control, parasites exposed to DMSO (0.2% v/v were also intraperitoneally inoculated into two groups of mice. The immunity of the exposed tachyzoites was evaluated by inoculation of the naïve parasite to the survived mice.The LD50 of 2-(naphthalene-2-ylthio-1H-indole was 57 μmol. The longevity of mice was dose dependent. Five mice out of group 400μmol and 3 out of group 800μmol showed immunization to the parasite.Our findings demonstrated the toxoplasmocidal activity of the compound. The presence of a well-organized transporter mechanism for indole compounds within the parasite in conjunction with several effective mechanisms of these compounds on Toxoplasma viability would open a window for production of new drugs and vaccines.

  19. Anti-Toxoplasma activities of methanolic extract of Sambucus nigra (Caprifoliaceae fruits and leaves

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    Ahmad Daryani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular parasite that infects a wide range of warm-blooded animals and humans. Considering the severity of toxoplasmosis, side effects of current treatments, and the contribution of the ethnopharmacological knowledge for the treatment of parasitic infections, the aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of methanolic extracts from the fruits and leaves of Sambucus nigra against tachyzoite of T. gondii. For this, fruits and leaves of S. nigra were collected from Mazandaran province, Iran, were dried under the shade, and powdered using a commercial electrical blender. For extractions, methanol was used as solvent. Virulent RH strain of T. gondii was maintained in mice and macrophages containing tachyzoites were aspirated from the peritoneal cavity. Four concentrations (5, 10, 25 and 50mg/mL of S. nigra extract were incubated with infected macrophages for 30, 60, 120 and 180 minutes and the viability of the tachyzoites were evaluated by trypan blue staining. Results showed that S. nigra fruit extracts at the concentrations of 5 and 10mg/mL killed 100% of T. gondii tachyzoites after 60 and 120 minutes, respectively; and concentrations of 25 and 50mg/mL killed 100% of the tachyzoites after 30 minutes. Additionally, extract of S. nigra leaves, at the concentrations of 5, 10 and 25mg/mL after 180 minutes, and concentration of 50mg/mL after 60 minutes, resulted with the highest efficacy. Our results showed that S. nigra has acceptable efficacy in vitro and the parasiticidal effect of fruit extract was significantly better than leaf extract. However, in vivo efficacy of this extract needs further investigation. Rev. Biol. Trop. 63 (1: 7-12. Epub 2015 March 01.

  20. Changes in Healthy Human IgG Fc-Glycosylation after Birth and during Early Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haan, Noortje; Reiding, Karli R; Driessen, Gertjan; van der Burg, Mirjam; Wuhrer, Manfred

    2016-06-03

    Glycosylation on the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of immunoglobulin G (IgG) has a large influence on the interaction of the antibody with Fc gamma receptors (FcγRs). IgG consists of four subclasses that all have distinct affinities for the different FcγRs. Knowledge about the Fc-glycosylation in healthy human is valuable as reference for new biomarkers and in the design of biopharmaceuticals that rely on IgG Fc-glycosylation. Previously, subclass-specific characterization of IgG Fc-glycosylation was performed for healthy adults, pregnant women, and newborns. For young healthy children, however, the subclass-specific description of IgG Fc-glycosylation is still lacking. Therefore, we performed the IgG subclass-specific analysis of the Fc-glycosylation of 130 healthy humans between birth and 40 years of age, including 22 samples derived from the umbilical cords of newborns. The analysis was performed by a previously published matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-time-of-flight (TOF)-mass spectrometry (MS) workflow, including a derivatization step for the linkage-specific stabilization of sialic acids. The characterization revealed that when children start to produce their own IgG they have a decreased galactosylation, sialylation, and bisection and an increased fucosylation compared with newborns. During childhood, the fucosylation and sialylation decrease, whereas bisection increases and galactosylation stays constant.

  1. IgG deficiency and expansion of CTG repeats in myotonic dystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, Pierre; Lesesve, Jean François; Jonveaux, Philippe; Pruna, Lelia

    2011-07-01

    Expansion of CTG repeats in myotonic dystrophy (DM1) alters the regulated expression of numerous genes. It is considered to explain the major clinical features of DM1. IgG deficiency is common in DM1 and is due to altered FcRn-related hypercatabolism. We hypothesized that the IgG catabolic rate is correlated with CTG repeat expansion. Correlations between serum immunoglobulin levels, peripheral lymphocyte subset counts and CTG repeat numbers were performed in 52 DM1 patients. Serum IgG and IgG1 levels were below the normal limit respectively in 54% and 72% of patients. Increasing CTG repeat numbers were significantly correlated with decreasing serum IgG and IgG1 levels, and with decreasing CD3(+) T-cell and CD3(+)-CD8(+) cell counts. An abnormal immunoglobulin profile at protein electrophoresis was found in 4 patients. We conclude that the catabolic rate of IgG is linked to expanded CTG repeats, possibly involving an altered immune response. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Specific IgG for cat allergens in patients with allergic conjunctivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyama, Anri; Mimura, Tatsuya; Noma, Hidetaka; Goto, Mari; Kamei, Yuko; Kondo, Aki; Saito, Yusuke; Okuma, Hiroko; Matsubara, Masao

    2015-08-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies are involved in type II and type III hypersensitivity. We evaluated the relation between perennial allergic conjunctivitis and serum levels of specific IgG for cat allergens. A prospective study was conducted in patients with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (seasonal group, n = 10), patients with perennial allergic conjunctivitis (perennial group, n = 10), and healthy control subjects (control group, n = 10). Serum levels of specific IgE and IgG for cat allergens and total tear IgE were measured, and a skin prick test was also performed. In addition, a severity score associated with allergic conjunctivitis was calculated (0-30). The positive rates and scores of for total tear IgE, serum cat-specific IgE, and serum cat-specific IgG were all higher in the seasonal and perennial groups than in the control group (all p cat-specific IgG levels were higher in the perennial group than in the seasonal group (p = 0.0156), but there was no significant difference in the grade of cat-specific IgE between the two groups (p = 0.3008). On multivariate analysis, the mean wheal diameter for cat allergen was associated with the serum level of cat-specific IgG (not IgE) in all patients [odds ratio (OR) = 31.979, p cat-specific IgG (OR = 23.015, p cat allergens.

  3. Concurrent systemic AA amyloidosis can discriminate primary sclerosing cholangitis from IgG4-associated cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Takehiro; Komori, Atsumasa; Bae, Sung-Kwan; Migita, Kiyoshi; Ito, Masahiro; Motoyoshi, Yasuhide; Abiru, Seigo; Ishibashi, Hiromi

    2012-01-14

    Chronic hepatobiliary inflammatory diseases are not widely acknowledged as underlying disorders of systemic AA amyloidosis, except epidemic schistosomiasis. Among them, primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) might initiate amyloid A protein deposition in diverse tissues, giving rise to systemic amyloidosis, due to a progressive and unresolved inflammatory process, and its possible association with inflammatory bowel diseases. Nevertheless, only one such case has been reported in the literature to date. We report a 69-year-old Japanese woman with cirrhosis who was diagnosed with PSC complicated with systemic AA amyloidosis, without any evidence of other inflammatory disorders. As a result of cholestasis in conjunction with biliary strictures and increased serum IgG4, the presence of IgG4(+) plasma cells was examined systemically, resulting in unexpected documentation of Congo-red-positive amyloid deposits, but not IgG4(+) plasma cells, in the liver, stomach and salivary glands. Elevated serum IgG4 is the hallmark of IgG4-related disease, including IgG4-associated cholangitis, but it has also been demonstrated in certain patients with PSC. Amyloid A deposits in multiple organs associated with an indolent clinical course that progresses over many years might have a diagnostic value in discriminating PSC from IgG4-associated cholangitis.

  4. IgG4-Related Disease Manifesting as Interstitial Nephritis Accompanied by Hypophysitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuda, Ken; Saito, Ayako; Takeuchi, Yoichi; Fukami, Hirotaka; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nagasawa, Tasuku

    2017-01-01

    Patient: Male, 85 Final Diagnosis: IgG4-related disease Symptoms: Renal failure Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Nephrology Objective: Rare disease Background: IgG4-related disease is a systemic disease with marked infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells into affected organs and elevated serum IgG4. On clinical examination, swelling, nodules, and hypertrophic lesions might appear simultaneously or metachronously in different organs. Case Report: An 85-year-old man with sudden-onset polydipsia and polyuria insipidus was transported to our hospital because of hypothermia and general malaise. Laboratory tests revealed renal failure and central diabetes insipidus. According to his serum IgG4 level, the patient was diagnosed with possible IgG4-related kidney disease accompanied by IgG4-related hypophysitis. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, hypophysis magnetic resonance imaging, and histological examination of the kidney were performed. Glucocorticoid therapy was administered and his renal function improved gradually. However, his central diabetes insipidus did not improve. Conclusions: Glucocorticoid therapy showed different therapeutic effects on the kidney and posterior lobe of the hypophysis. It is possible that glucocorticoid therapy needs to be supported by other immunomodulatory therapies to have an effect on all affected organs. PMID:28552902

  5. Histone-dependent IgG conservation in octanoic acid precipitation and its mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Quan; Toh, Phyllicia; Sun, Yue; Latiff, Sarah Maria Abdul; Hoi, Aina; Xian, Mo; Zhang, Haibo; Nian, Rui; Zhang, Wei; Gagnon, Pete

    2016-12-01

    Octanoic acid (OA) precipitation has long been used in protein purification. Recently, we reported a new cell culture clarification method for immunoglobulin G (IgG) purification, employing an advance elimination of chromatin heteroaggregates with a hybrid OA-solid phase system. This treatment reduced DNA more than 3 logs, histone below the detection limit (LOD), and non-histone host cell proteins (nh-HCP) by 90 % while conserving more than 90 % of the IgG monomer. In this study, we further investigated the conservation of IgG monomer and antibody light chain (LC) to the addition of OA/OA-solid phase complex, with or without histone and DNA in different combinations. The results showed that highly basic histone protein was the prime target in OA/OA-solid phase precipitation system for IgG purification, and the selective conservation of IgG monomer in this system was histone dependent. Our findings partially support the idea that OA works by sticking to electropositive hydrophobic domains on proteins, reducing their solubility, and causing them to agglomerate into large particles that precipitate from solution. Our findings also provide a new perspective for IgG purification and emphasize the necessity to re-examine the roles of various host contaminants in IgG purification.

  6. A Two-pronged Binding Mechanism of IgG to the Neonatal Fc Receptor Controls Complex Stability and IgG Serum Half-life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Pernille Foged; Schoch, Angela; Larraillet, Vincent; Hilger, Maximiliane; Schlothauer, Tilman; Emrich, Thomas; Rand, Kasper Dyrberg

    2017-03-01

    The success of recombinant monoclonal immunoglobulins (IgG) is rooted in their ability to target distinct antigens with high affinity combined with an extraordinarily long serum half-life, typically around 3 weeks. The pharmacokinetics of IgGs is intimately linked to the recycling mechanism of the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). For long serum half-life of therapeutic IgGs, the highly pH-dependent interaction with FcRn needs to be balanced to allow efficient FcRn binding and release at slightly acidic pH and physiological pH, respectively. Some IgGs, like the antibody briakinumab has an unusually short half-life of ∼8 days. Here we dissect the molecular origins of excessive FcRn binding in therapeutic IgGs using a combination of hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry and FcRn affinity chromatography. We provide experimental evidence for a two-pronged IgG-FcRn binding mechanism involving direct FcRn interactions with both the Fc region and the Fab regions of briakinumab, and correlate the occurrence of excessive FcRn binding to an unusually strong Fab-FcRn interaction. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  7. A Rapid Method to Characterize Mouse IgG Antibodies and Isolate Native Antigen Binding IgG B Cell Hybridomas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haolin Liu

    Full Text Available B cell hybridomas are an important source of monoclonal antibodies. In this paper, we developed a high-throughput method to characterize mouse IgG antibodies using surface plasmon resonance technology. This assay rapidly determines their sub-isotypes, whether they bind native antigen and their approximate affinities for the antigen using only 50 μl of hybridoma cell culture supernatant. Moreover, we found that mouse hybridomas secreting IgG antibodies also have membrane form IgG expression without Igα. Based on this surface IgG, we used flow cytometry to isolate rare γ2a isotype switched variants from a γ2b antibody secreting hybridoma cell line. Also, we used fluorescent antigen to single cell sort antigen binding hybridoma cells from bulk mixture of fused hybridoma cells instead of the traditional multi-microwell plate screening and limiting dilution sub-cloning thus saving time and labor. The IgG monoclonal antibodies specific for the native antigen identified with these methods are suitable for in vivo therapeutic uses, but also for sandwich ELISA assays, histology, flow cytometry, immune precipitation and x-ray crystallography.

  8. Atomic force microscopy analysis of IgG films at hydrophobic surfaces: a promising method to probe IgG orientations and optimize ELISA tests performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Thier, Pierre; Bacharouche, Jalal; Duval, Jérôme F L; Skali-Lami, Salaheddine; Francius, Grégory

    2015-02-01

    IgG films are widely used in the field of immunoassays, especially in (double) antibody-sandwich ELISA tests where capture antibodies are coated on surfaces like polystyrene or hydrophobic self-assembled monolayers (h-SAMs). It is critical to analyze-at a molecular scale and under liquid conditions-the structure of the deposited IgG film in order to quantitatively address the efficiency of the ELISA test in terms of antigen detection. In this communication, we report an atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis evidencing a strong relationship between immunological activities of mouse monoclonal anti-human interleukin-2 (IL-2) and 6 (IL-6) antibodies, thickness and roughness of the IgG monolayer adsorbed onto h-SAMs, and surface concentration of IgG molecules. Indirect information may be further obtained on antibody orientation. Collating the results obtained by AFM and those from ELISA tests leads us to conclude that antibodies like anti-IL-6 forming flat monolayers should be more efficient under ELISA detection conditions. In addition, the concentration of IgG in the coating suspension should be optimized to obtain a monolayer heavily populated by "end-on" adsorbed molecules, an orientation that is desirable for enhancing ELISA tests performance. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. [Analysis of Correlation between IgG Titer of Pregnant Women and Neonatal Hemolytic Complications of Different Blood Groups].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Hai-Hui; Huang, Hong-Hai; Wang, Xiao-Lin; Pi, You-Jun

    2017-10-01

    To study the relationship between IgG titer of pregnant women and hemolytic disease of newborn(HDN) with different blood groups. Four hundred pregnant women, including pregnant women with type O blood, were selected from May 2014 to January 2015 in our hospital for inspection and a couple of different blood groups, the IgG titer of pregnant women were detected in the inspection process. According to neonatal HDN, newborns were divided into 2 groups: HDN group(85 cases) and non-HDN group(315 cases). The incidence of postpartum neonatal hemolytic disease was tracked and the correlation of IgG titers with HDN were systematically analyzed. In the production and inspection process, the IgG titer in pregnant women was divided into IgG titer >64 and IgG titer IgG titers with ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn, that is, with the increase of IgG titer, the incidence of hemolytic disease of newborns increased in certain degree (r=0.8832), the risk in 4 groups of neonatal HDN was higher than that in IgG titer IgG titer >64 HDN group. There is a certain corelation between prevalence of ABO-HDN and IgG titer of pregnant women. For these pregnant women, the control of the pregnant women IgG titer has a positive clinical significance to reduce the incidence of hemolytic disease of the newborn.

  10. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis in patients with IgG4-related kidney disease: pathological findings on repeat renal biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arai, Haruna; Hayashi, Hiroki; Takahashi, Kazuo; Koide, Shigehisa; Sato, Waichi; Hasegawa, Midori; Yamaguchi, Yutaka; Aten, Jan; Ito, Yasuhiko; Yuzawa, Yukio

    2015-01-01

    Renal parenchymal lesions in patients with IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) are characterized by tubulointerstitial nephritis with storiform fibrosis and infiltration by high numbers of IgG4-positive plasma cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and pathological effects of

  11. IgG4 Related Syndrome: Another Multiorgan Disease in the Interest Field of Internal Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttolomondo, Antonino; Simonetta, Irene; Di Raimondo, Domenico; Di Chiara, Tiziana; Conigliaro, Roberta; Corpora, Francesca; Vassallo, Valerio; Pinto, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    IgG4-related disease is a rare, clinical and pathologic disease entity of unknown etiology. Its main features are increased serum concentrations of IgG4 > 1,35 g/l, lymphocyte and IgG4+plasma-cell infiltration within tissues, fibrosis or sclerosis. The classical presentation of IgG4-RSD is pancreatitis which is combined with the involvement of biliary ducts in 74 percent of patients. Extrapancreatic manifestations include: abdominal or mediastinal lymphadenopathy; the involvement of salivary glands and lacrimal glands, kidneys, lung, retroperitoneum. Since IgG4-related disease is a multiorgan lymphoproliferative syndrome, it requires a careful differential diagnosis from other distinct disorders (sarcoidosis, immune rheumatic diseases, hematologic diseases, malignancies). Another distinctive feature is a fairly fast response to steroids, that represents the first-choice therapy. Immunosuppressant drugs (azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, methotrexate) might be chosen as glucocorticoid-sparing medications or to maintain steroid-induced remission (Fig. 1). We report the case of a 70-year-old man and we performed a brief review of loiterature. Our patient has a clinical history including bronchial asthma, aortic aneurysm, histologically confirmed retroperitoneal fibrosis causing hydroureteronephrosis, prostatitis, interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, sclerosing chronic pancreatitis (histologically documented), previous chronic cholecystitis (histologically confirmed), previous pericarditis, xeroftalmia, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, eosinophilia. His serum IgG4 levels were significantly increased (5560 mg/dl). In regard to the above mentioned elements a systemic disease characterized by elevated serum levels of IgG4 and IgG4-positive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrative lesions in several tissues, was suspected. Immune-rheumatic diseases and infectious diseases were excluded. Steroid treatment was started achieving a significant swift response. Until now IgG4 related

  12. A Case Report of IgG4-related Syndrome and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttolomondo, Antonino; Simonetta, Irene; Di Raimondo, Domenico; Conigliaro, Roberta; Corpora, Francesca; Vassallo, Valerio; Pinto, Antonio

    2016-05-10

    IgG4-related disease is a rare, clinical and pathologic disease entity of unknown etiology. Its main features are increased serum concentrations of IgG4 > 1,35 g/l, lymphocyte and IgG4+plasma-cell infiltration within tissues, fibrosis or sclerosis. The classical presentation of IgG4-RSD is pancreatitis which is combined with the involvement of biliary ducts in 74 percent of patients. Extrapancreatic manifestations include: abdominal or mediastinal lymphadenopathy; the involvement of salivary glands and lacrimal glands, kidneys, lung, retroperitoneum. Since IgG4-related disease is a multiorgan lymphoproliferative syndrome, it requires a careful differential diagnosis from other distinct disorders (sarcoidosis, immune rheumatic diseases, hematologic diseases, malignancies). Another distinctive feature is a fairly fast response to steroids, that represents the first-choice therapy. Immunosuppressant drugs (azathioprine, mycophenolate mofetil, methotrexate) might be chosen as glucocorticoid-sparing medications or to maintain steroid-induced remission (figure 1). Methods; We report the case of a 70-year-old man and we performed a brief review of loiterature. Our patient has a clinical history including bronchial asthma, aortic aneurysm, histologically confirmed retroperitoneal fibrosis causing hydroureteronephrosis, prostatitis, interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, sclerosing chronic pancreatitis (histologically documented), previous chronic cholecystitis (histologically confirmed), previous pericarditis, xeroftalmia, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, eosinophilia. His serum IgG4 levels were significantly increased (5560 mg/dl). In regard to the above mentioned elements a systemic disease characterized by elevated serum levels of IgG4 and IgG4-positive lymphoplasmacytic infiltrative lesions in several tissues, was suspected. Immune-rheumatic diseases and infectious diseases were excluded. Steroid treatment was started achieving a significant swift response. Until now IgG4

  13. Anti-ApoA-1 IgG serum levels predict worse poststroke outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbone, Federico; Satta, Nathalie; Montecucco, Fabrizio; Virzi, Julien; Burger, Fabienne; Roth, Aline; Roversi, Gloria; Tamborino, Carmine; Casetta, Ilaria; Seraceni, Silva; Trentini, Alessandro; Padroni, Marina; Dallegri, Franco; Lalive, Patrice H; Mach, François; Fainardi, Enrico; Vuilleumier, Nicolas

    2016-09-01

    Autoantibodies to apolipoprotein A-1 (anti-ApoA-1 IgG) were shown to predict major adverse cardiovascular events and promote atherogenesis. However, their potential relationship with clinical disability and ischaemic lesion volume after acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) remains unexplored. We included n = 76 patients admitted for AIS and we investigated whether baseline serum anti-ApoA-1 IgG levels could predict (i) AIS-induced clinical disability [assessed by the modified Rankin Scale (mRS)], and (ii) AIS-related ischaemic lesion volume [assessed by Computed Tomography (CT)]. We also evaluated the possible pro-apoptotic and pro-necrotic effects of anti-ApoA-1 IgG on human astrocytoma cell line (U251) using flow cytometry. High levels of anti-ApoA-1 IgG were retrieved in 15·8% (12/76) of patients. Increased baseline levels of anti-ApoA-1 IgG were independently correlated with worse mRS [β = 0·364; P = 0·002; adjusted odds ratio (OR): 1·05 (95% CI 1·01-1·09); P = 0·017] and CT-assessed ischaemic lesion volume [β = 0·333; P IgG. Incubating human astrocytoma cells with anti-ApoA-1 IgG dose dependently induced necrosis and apoptosis of U251 cells in vitro. Anti-ApoA-1 IgG serum levels at AIS onset are associated with poorer clinical recovery and worse brain lesion volume 3 months after AIS. These observations could be partly explained by the deleterious effect of anti-ApoA-1 IgG on human brain cell survival in vitro and may have clinical implication in the prediction of poor outcome in AIS. © 2016 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.

  14. IgG glycosylation and DNA methylation are interconnected with smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahl, Annika; Kasela, Silva; Monotoro, Elena Carnero; van Iterson, Maarten; Štambuk, Jerko; Sharma, Sapna; van den Akker, Erik; Klaric, Lucija; Benedetti, Elisa; Razdorov, Genadij; Trbojević-Akmačić, Irena; Vučković, Frano; Ugrina, Ivo; Beekman, Marian; Deelen, Joris; van Heemst, Diana; Heijmans, Bastiaan T; Consortium, B I O S; Wuhrer, Manfred; Plomp, Rosina; Keser, Toma; Šimurina, Mirna; Pavić, Tamara; Gudelj, Ivan; Krištić, Jasminka; Grallert, Harald; Kunze, Sonja; Peters, Annette; Bell, Jordana T; Spector, Timothy D; Milani, Lili; Eline Slagboom, P; Lauc, Gordan; Gieger, Christian

    2017-10-18

    Glycosylation is one of the most common post-translation modifications with large influences on protein structure and function. The effector function of immunoglobulin G (IgG) alters between pro- and anti-inflammatory, based on its glycosylation. IgG glycan synthesis is highly complex and dynamic. With the use of two different analytical methods for assessing IgG glycosylation, we aim to elucidate the link between DNA methylation and glycosylation of IgG by means of epigenome-wide association studies. In total, 3000 individuals from 4 cohorts were analyzed. The overlap of the results from the two glycan measurement panels yielded DNA methylation of 7 CpG-sites on 5 genomic locations to be associated with IgG glycosylation: cg25189904 (chr.1, GNG12); cg05951221, cg21566642 and cg01940273 (chr.2, ALPPL2); cg05575921 (chr.5, AHRR); cg06126421 (6p21.33); and cg03636183 (chr.19, F2RL3). Mediation analyses with respect to smoking revealed that the effect of smoking on IgG glycosylation may be at least partially mediated via DNA methylation levels at these 7 CpG-sites. Our results suggest the presence of an indirect link between DNA methylation and IgG glycosylation that may in part capture environmental exposures. An epigenome-wide analysis conducted in four population-based cohorts revealed an association between DNA methylation and IgG glycosylation patterns. Presumably, DNA methylation mediates the effect of smoking on IgG glycosylation. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  15. IgG4-Related Lung Disease - Three Untreated Cases with a Benign Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltaxe, Erik; Shulimzon, Tiberiu; Lieberman, Sivan; Rozenman, Judith; Perelman, Marina; Segel, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    IgG4-related disease is a fibroinflammatory disease in which the organs involved share similar pathological findings. Chest disease has been recently clinically and radiologically characterized. Most reports advocate prompt immunosuppressive therapy and describe a fast and good response. We report 3 cases of untreated IgG4-related lung disease that on follow-up have been clinically asymptomatic and radiologically stable or improved. In some cases of IgG4-related lung disease immunosuppressive therapy may not be warranted. Copyright © 2015 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  16. IgG Avidity Test in Congenital Toxoplasmosis Diagnoses in Newborns

    OpenAIRE

    Zulmirene Cardoso Fonseca; Isolina Maria Xavier Rodrigues; Natália Cruz e Melo; Juliana Boaventura Avelar; Ana Maria de Castro; Mariza Martins Avelino

    2017-01-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the importance of IgG avidity testing in newborns (NBs) diagnosed with early congenital toxoplasmosis. We collected samples from 88 puerperae infected by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and their NBs (48 acutely-infected puerperae (AIP) and 40 chronically-infected puerperae (CIP)), from two public maternity hospitals in Goiania city, Goias, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. Specific anti-T. gondii IgM and IgG serum levels and IgG avidity tests were evaluated u...

  17. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with severe renal impairment associated with multisystem IgG4-related disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beltrame, Rafael Coimbra Ferreira; Friderichs, Maurício; Fior, Bárbara Rayanne; Schaefer, Pedro Guilherme; Thomé, Gustavo Gomes; Silva, Dirceu Reis da; Barros, Elvino José Guardão; Seligman, Renato; Veronese, Francisco Veríssimo

    2016-01-01

    The IgG4-related disease has a wide clinical spectrum where multiple organs can be affected, and the diagnosis depends on typical histopathological findings and an elevated IgG4 expression in plasma cells in the affected tissue. We describe the clinical presentation and evolution of a patient with acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, severe kidney failure and systemic manifestations such as lymphadenomegaly and chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by the clinical picture and kidney and lymph node histopathology, in which immunohistochemistry of the lymphoid tissue showed policlonality and increased expression of IgG4, with a IgG4/total IgG ratio > 80%. The patient was treated with prednisone at a dose of 60 mg/day, followed by mycophenolate mofetil, and showed clinical and renal function improvement at 6 months of follow-up. The high index of suspicion of IgG4-related disease with multisystem involvement and the early treatment of this condition are essential to improve the prognosis of affected patients. Resumo A doença relacionada à IgG4 tem um espectro clínico amplo em que múltiplos órgãos podem ser afetados, e o diagnóstico depende de achados histopatológicos típicos e elevada expressão de IgG4 em plasmócitos no tecido afetado. Descrevemos o quadro clínico e a evolução de um paciente com nefrite túbulo-intersticial aguda, insuficiência renal grave e manifestações sistêmicas como linfoadenomegalias e pancreatite crônica. O diagnóstico foi confirmado pelas características clínicas e pela histopatologia renal e de linfonodo, na qual a imunohistoquímica mostrou tecido linfoide com policlonalidade e expressão aumentada de IgG4, com uma relação IgG4/IgG total > 80%. O paciente foi tratado com prednisona na dose de 60 mg/dia, seguido de micofenolato mofetil, e apresentou melhora clínica e da função renal depois de 6 meses de tratamento. O alto índice de suspeição da doença relacionada ao IgG4 com comprometimento multissist

  18. Intrathecal IgG synthesis and autoantibody-secreting cells in multiple sclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sellebjerg, Finn; Jensen, Claus V; Christiansen, Michael

    2000-01-01

    We studied intrathecal IgG synthesis and autoantibody-secreting cells in 148 patients with possible onset symptoms of MS (POSMS) or clinically definite MS (CDMS). In POSMS intrathecal synthesis of IgG oligoclonal bands and abnormalities on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging were associated...... but the former were more prevalent. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leukocyte count and the number of anti-protelipid protein antibody-secreting cells in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) correlated with disease activity in POSMS. Intrathecal IgG synthesis levels and the number of anti-myelin basic protein antibody-secreting...

  19. IgG1 deficiency exacerbates experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis in BALB/c mice

    OpenAIRE

    Huda, Ruksana; Strait, Richard T.; Tüzün, Erdem; Finkelman, Fred D.; Christadoss, Premkumar

    2015-01-01

    Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease characterized by muscle weakness due to neuromuscular junction (NMJ) damage by anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) auto-antibodies and complement. In experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), which is induced by immunization with Torpedo AChR in CFA, anti-AChR IgG2b and IgG1 are the predominant isotypes in the circulation. Complement activation by isotypes such as IgG2b plays a crucial role in EAMG pathogenesis; this suggested the possibility ...

  20. Calidad de vida y autoestima de adolescentes con diabetes mellitus

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana de Sá Novato; Sonia Aurora Alves Grossi; Miako Kimura

    2008-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) e a auto-estima (AE) de adolescentes com Diabete Mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) e analisar a relação entre estes construtos nessa população. MÉTODOS: Cento e vinte quatro adolescentes com DM1, com idades entre 12 e 18 anos, responderam aos instrumentos, validados para o Brasil, de Auto-Estima e de Qualidade de Vida Para Jovens com Diabetes enquanto aguardavam a consulta médica. RESULTADOS: Os jovens avaliaram a qualidade de vida e a aut...

  1. Absorção de IgG via colostro em leitões biológicos e adotados após a uniformização da leitegada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Heim

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Nove fêmeas de quinto parto (OP5 foram imunizadas com 4mg e 2mg de albumina sérica bovina (BSA aos 70 e 100 dias de gestação, respectivamente. A uniformização da leitegada foi realizada 4,9±1,9h após o nascimento, antes de os leitões efetuarem a primeira mamada. As leitegadas foram compostas por cinco leitões biológicos (LB e cinco leitões adotados (LA, com pesos semelhantes ao nascimento. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue dos leitões ao nascimento e 24h após, das fêmeas ao pós-parto e de colostro de cada grupo de tetos ao parto e 24h após. As amostras de soro e colostro foram quantificadas para IgG pelo ELISA indireto. A densidade ótica de IgG anti-BSA (DOIgG-BSA dos leitões (24h de vida foi correlacionada com a das fêmeas. A DOIgG-BSA entre LB e LA foi semelhante, assim como entre os grupos de tetos, ao parto e 24h após. Entretanto, ocorreu redução na DOIgG-BSA do parto até 24h após. LB e LA absorveram a mesma quantidade de IgG via colostro, quando a uniformização foi realizada até 5h pós-parto, independentemente do teto em que os leitões mamaram, uma vez que esses possuem a mesma concentração de IgG.

  2. The MHC Class I-Like IgG Receptor Controls Perinatal IgG Transport, IgG Homeostasis, and Fate of IgG-Fc-Coupled Drugs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Roopenian, Derry C; Christianson, Gregory J; Sproule, Thomas J; Brown, Aaron C; Akilesh, Shreeram; Jung, Nadja; Petkova, Stefka; Avanessian, Lia; Choi, Eun Young; Shaffer, Daniel J; Eden, Peter A; Anderson, Clark L

    2003-01-01

    * The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME 04609; and Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 Abs of the IgG isotype are efficiently transported from mother to neonate and have an extended serum t 1/2 compared with Abs of other isotypes...

  3. Significance of IgG optical density ratios (index value) in single reactive anti-Dengue virus IgG capture ELISA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Shiv Sekhar; Sharma, Ankush; Choudhury, Shilpee; Chumber, Sushil Kumar; Kaur, Mandeep; Bage, Ras; Parkhe, Nittin; Khanduri, Uma

    2016-12-01

    A single reactive IgG anti-Dengue virus ELISA test in the absence of IgM antibodies or NS1 antigen may denote current infection or past exposure to the virus. To determine whether IgG index value can be used to identify true current dengue infection we conducted a prospective observational study. Suspected dengue patients (n =1745) were tested in their first specimen by MAC-ELISA, GAC-ELISA and NS1 antigen ELISA. Patients with MAC-ELISA and NS1Antigen non-reactive but GAC-ELISA reactive results (n =57) in their first test were followed up and repeated sampling was asked for IgG index values were calculated according to the manufacturer's instruction and classified as: low (2.2-2.5), medium (2.5-4.0) and high (>4.0). 16 out of 57 patients (28.1%) had low IgG Index value whereas 26 cases (45.6%) were categorized as medium and 15(26.3%) were classified as patients with high IgG index. Nine patients with paired reactive serology or antigen positive status were categorised as serologically confirmed dengue fever, 11 patients as not dengue with categorical evidence of other infections while the rest 37 casas with clinical, radiological and laboratory parameters suggestive of dengue but no serological confirmation as possible dengue. Among confirmed, possible and non-Dengue cases, 33.3, 32.4 and 0.0% had high Index value in comparison with 22.2, 29.7 and 27.3% showing low Index values, respectively. Our results suggested a high IgG response in favour of true dengue infection than past exposure while no conclusions should drawn from a low or medium reactive GAC-ELISA results in the absence of IgM antibodies and NS1 Ag.

  4. “A vida é apenas um espelho” – o conceito crítico de vida de Schopenhauer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Kossler

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2012v11nesp1p17 Schopenhauer é considerado o precursor ou o primeiro representante da filosofia da vida, desenvolvida posteriormente por Dilthey, Nietzsche, Bergson e outros. Em contraste com a filosofia clássica da vida e com as concepções éticas a ela relacionadas, a vida em Schopenhauer não é vista como um fim, mas como um meio para um outro fim, ou seja, para a ética, que culmina na negação da vontade de vida. Já nas primeiras anotações manuscritas, Schopenhauer usa diversas metáforas para caracterizar a vida como um meio para o conhecimento ético. Com bastante frequencia aparece a imagem da vida como espelho, no qual o homem vê sua própria natureza e assim a essência do mundo. Na obra madura, essa imagem é substituída pelo conceito de objetivação da vontade. Na medida em que a mais elevada e mais clara objetivação da vontade representa a história da vida de um indivíduo, o conceito de vida de Schopenhauer é estreitamente ligado à sua teoria do caráter. Neste ensaio eu considero a complicada relação entre vida, conhecimento e ética em Schopenahauer no pano de fundo de sua hermenêutica protometafísica, seguindo o desenvolvimento de seu uso da metáfora do espelho.

  5. DISPOSITIVO DAS DROGAS E GOVERNO DA VIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanderson Vilton Silva

    Full Text Available Resumo Na perspectiva da Psicologia Social em diálogo com as teorizações de Michel Foucault e Giorgio Agamben, o objetivo deste artigo é problematizar de que maneira as drogas são constituídas como explicação para assassinatos de moradores de rua, construindo práticas e discursos relacionados ao governo da vida e da morte nas cidades. O material que apresentamos consiste em textos midiáticos e documentos públicos elaborados entre julho de 2010 e novembro de 2012 abordando tais assassinatos. Analisamos como o dispositivo das drogas formula uma ambiguidade e uma complexidade importantes para o governo dos moradores de rua a partir da construção de oposições: criminoso ou em situação de vulnerabilidade social. Procuramos contribuir criticamente com políticas públicas que visem os diversos modos de existir na cidade, pensar os espaços urbanos, os modos de governo e os processos de subjetivação, considerando a análise da ambiguidade e da complexidade produzidas em torno do dispositivo das drogas.

  6. A leitura: um passaporte para a vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armindo Teixeira Mesquita

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Nas sociedades actuais, a capacidade para usar material escrito é indispensável ao acesso a todo tipo de informação, tornando o uso da leitura cada vez mais necessário à participação real do cidadão em actividades produtivas e colectivas, porque ajuda a formar seres pensantes. O contacto com os livros deve ser iniciado o mais cedo possível, não só pelo manuseio, como também pela história contada ou pelos jogos rítmicos. Com efeito, na idade da infância, toda a energia do indivíduo é dirigida para a construção da sua identidade. Logo, as primeiras leituras entram no período da formação e da fundação, isto é, consignamos à leitura uma grande força de desenvolvimento pessoal. Os livros, para além de auxiliares na aprendizagem do mundo, formam o leitor no gosto. Formar o gosto e possibilitar escolhas são realidades fundamentais na vida adulta.

  7. Transtornos alimentares: patologia ou estilo de vida?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliane de Jesus Bittencourt

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A internet se apresenta como um novo espaço de reconfiguração das relações sociais, por isso jovens com transtornos alimentares vêm utilizando-a como forma de expressão, através das comunidades pró-anorexia e bulimia. Este artigo visa compreender a diferença entre o discurso hegemônico e a crença destas jovens, a partir das teorias antropológicas sobre a influência da cultura na saúde e na doença, da teoria da bioascese e das teorias feministas. Usando a interpretação de sentidos, percebe-se que os transtornos alimentares são considerados estilos de vida, nos quais se busca fugir ao sofrimento através do controle dos corpos e dos desejos. Há uma trama entre controle, poder e dominação, no qual as jovens pleiteiam autonomia e independência, a sociedade define e normatiza seus corpos, e dessa forma, impõem uma dominação, e os profissionais, baseados nos discursos da saúde, intentam ensiná-las como controlá-los, exercendo, de certa forma, um poder sobre o outro.

  8. Vidas célebres, vidas minúsculas: Vasari, Foucault, Michon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelvin Falcão

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O primeiro movimento deste ensaio consiste no esboço de um percurso breve a partir da obra de Michel Foucault, rastreando o uso do significante “vidas” em alguns textos do autor francês. Dois eixos são delineados a partir daí: o primeiro deles diz respeito à leitura foucaultiana das “vidas célebres” de Giorgio Vasari; o segundo diz respeito às “vidas infames”, que Foucault rastreia nos arquivos policiais franceses. Em seguida, inicia-se um desvio em direção à literatura do século XX, considerando o envolvimento da ficção com a emergência da discursividade biográfica, sua ressonância política e o emprego crítico, mais uma vez, do significante “vidas”. Com esse contexto de fundo estabelecido, o ensaio conclui-se com uma análise de Vidas minúsculas, do escritor francês Pierre Michon. The first movement of this essay is to outline a brief path from the work of Michel Foucault, tracking the use of the signifier “lives” in some texts of the French author. Two axes are delineated from there, the first one concerns Foucault’s reading of “renowed lives” by Giorgio Vasari; the second concerns the “infamous lives”, which Foucault traces from the French police files. Then begins a shift toward twentiethcentury literature, considering the involvement of fiction with the emergence of biographical discourse, its political resonance and, again, the critical use of the signifier “lives”. With this background context established, the essay concludes with a analysis of Small Lives, by French writer Pierre Michon.

  9. Human IgG subclass antibodies to the 19 kilodalton carboxy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Human IgG subclass antibodies to the 19 kilodalton carboxy terminal fragment of Plasmodium Falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1 19 ) and predominance of the MAD20 allelic type of MSP1 in Uganda.

  10. Perivascular fibrosis and IgG4-related disease: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Monti

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD is a newly recognized fibroinflammatory condition which can potentially involve any organ. Some characteristic histopathologic features with lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, an increased number of IgG4+ cells, storiform fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis are the mainstay for diagnosis. Serum IgG4 levels often increase. We report the case of a patient with perivascular fibrotic lesions involving the aortic arch and the splenic hilum, with a surgical biopsy-proven diagnosis of IgG4-related disease. The patient is now undergoing a low-dose corticosteroid maintenance therapy without evidence of new localizations of the disease. This case highlights the need for increasing awareness and recognition of this new, emerging clinical condition.

  11. Calidad de vida, calidad de servicios y vida independiente en personas con discapacidad física y sensorial

    OpenAIRE

    Campo Blanco, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    [ES]Nuestra investigación se centra en el estudio de la calidad de vida de las personas que residen o son usuarias de un centro de atención a personas con discapacidad física y sensorial, con el objetivo de fomentarla y mejorarla a través de la calidad de los servicios que en dichos centros se ofrecen. Buscamos servicios de calidad que mejoren la calidad de vida y promuevan la vida independiente de las personas con discapacidad, y por ello se dedica el segundo capítulo teórico a l...

  12. Actividades de la vida diaria y calidad de vida en adultos mayores operados de catarata

    OpenAIRE

    Bernal Reyes, Neisy; Arias Díaz, Alejandro; Hormigó Puertas, Iraisi; Roselló Leyva, Annelise

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar la repercusión de la agudeza visual mejor corregida (AVMC) en la calidad de vida relativa a visión (CVRV) de pacientes ancianos operados de catarata mediante facoemulsificación. Método: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo prospectivo, de pacientes adultos mayores, con diagnóstico de catarata senil. Se utilizó la prueba de independencia de Chi-cuadrado para determinar relación entre las variables. Resultados: La AVMC predominante fue buena, con una ganancia de 5 línea...

  13. CALIDAD DE VIDA Y MEDIO AMBIENTE URBANO. INDICADORES LOCALES DE SOSTENIBILIDAD Y CALIDAD DE VIDA URBANA

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Hernández Aja

    2009-01-01

    El presente artículo parte de que la incorporación del paradigma de la sostenibilidad demanda un sistema de determinación y evaluación de los objetos y programas de sostenibilidad, en forma de un sistema de indicadores. Para ello enclava la sostenibilidad en el marco de la Calidad de Vida Urbana. Describe los distintos tipos de indicadores, presentando como ejemplo el análisis de los indicadores locales de sostenibilidad de las Agendas 21 de los Municipios españoles. Acaba realizando una refl...

  14. Deficit of IgG2 in HIV-positive pregnant women is responsible of inadequate IgG2 levels in their HIV-uninfected children in Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baroncelli, Silvia; Galluzzo, Clementina Maria; Liotta, Giuseppe; Andreotti, Mauro; Mancinelli, Sandro; Mphwere, Robert; Bokola, Enok; Amici, Roberta; Marazzi, Maria Cristina; Palombi, Leonardo; Lucaroni, Francesca; Giuliano, Marina

    2018-02-27

    Transplacental passage of IgGs is impaired in HIV + pregnant women, possibly determining an inadequate immunological protection in their children. We aimed to determine the impact of maternal immunological IgG profile and immunoactivation status on the efficiency of transplacental passage of IgG subclasses in HIV + mothers. 16 mother/infants pairs were studied in Malawi. Mothers received antiretroviral therapy (ART) from the third trimester of pregnancy. Determinations of pre-ART levels of maternal sCD14, of IgG subclasses in mothers at delivery and in their 1-month-old infants, were performed using commercial ELISA kits. At delivery, after a median of 10 weeks of ART, 12/16 mothers were hypergammaglobulinemic, with IgG levels (20.5 mg/ml, 95% CI:18.8-26.8) directly correlated to the plasmatic levels of sCD14 (r = 0.640, p = 0.014). IgG1 levels (17.9 mg/ml) accounted for 82% of IgG, IgG3 and IgG4 levels were in the normal range. A profound deficit of IgG2 was observed both in mothers (0.60 mg/ml) and in infants (0.14 mg/ml). Placental transfer ratio (range 0.16-0.42) did not show a selective impairment between the different IgG subclasses. The transplacental passage of all IgG subclasses was decreased in the presence of maternal IgG over 16 mg/ml (significantly for IgG1, p = 0.031) and of high levels of sCD14 (p = 0.063). Transplacental passage was reduced for all IgG subclasses and inversely correlated to high levels of maternal IgGs and to the degree of immunoactivation. The profound depression of IgG2 in mothers suggests that IgG2 neonatal levels mostly reflect the maternal deficit rather than a selective impairment of IgG2 transfer.

  15. Emociones y vida humana: Una reflexión introductoria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás Salinas Carrascal

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo busca iniciar una reflexión de corte introductorio que aborde la importancia de la vida emocional o humorada en la experiencia de vivir nuestras vidas, se parte de la exposición de posturas que pretenden mostrar cual sería el propósito del emocionarnos en nuestra labor de desenvolvernos en el mundo, de esta forma se llega al punto neurálgico del texto, a saber, la importancia de lo humorado o emocional en la vida humana no se reduce al orden de lo instrumental sino en que este funda el transcurrir mismo de la vida, no visto solo como fluencia impersonal del tiempo, sino como afirmación de la misma apoyándose en la diferencia. Esta reflexión seguirá siendo elaborada en lo sucesivo.

  16. Ajuste psicologico y vida religiosa en adultos mayores

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Montero-Lopez Lena, Maria; Rivera-Ledesma, Armando

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigacion explora la relacion entre la vida religiosa de las personas y el ajuste psicologico, con base en una muestra de 193 adultos mayores evangelicos de la comunidad de la Ciudad de Mexico...

  17. Determination of rubella IgG and IgM antibodies among women of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Out of the 688 infected pregnant women involved in the study, 68.60% had IgG and 11.77% had IgM antibodies. Women in their first trimester of pregnancy recorded 26.74% prevalence for IgG and 6.83% for IgM antibodies. This study strongly suggests presence of rubella virus infections in Kano State. Adequate vaccination ...

  18. Association between IgG4-related disease and progressively transformed germinal centers of lymph nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Yasuharu; Inoue, Dai; Asano, Naoko; Takata, Katsuyoshi; Asaoku, Hideki; Maeda, Yoshinobu; Morito, Toshiaki; Okumura, Hirokazu; Ishizawa, Shin; Matsui, Shoko; Miyazono, Takayoshi; Takeuchi, Tamotsu; Kuroda, Naoto; Orita, Yorihisa; Takagawa, Kiyoshi; Kojima, Masaru; Yoshino, Tadashi

    2012-07-01

    Progressively transformed germinal centers is a benign condition of unknown pathogenesis characterized by a distinctive variant form of reactive follicular hyperplasia in lymph nodes. We recently reported Ig G4-related disease in progressively transformed germinal centers. However, no large case series has been reported and clinicopathologic findings remain unclear. Here, we report 40 Japanese patients (28 men, 12 women; median age, 56 years) with progressively transformed germinal centers of the lymph nodes who fulfilled the histological diagnostic criteria for IgG4-related disease (IgG4(+) progressively transformed germinal centers), with asymptomatic localized lymphadenopathy involving the submandibular nodes in 24, submandibular and cervical nodes in 14, cervical nodes only in 1, and cervical and supraclavicular nodes in 1. In all, 16 (52%) of 31 examined patients had allergic disease. Histologically, the lymph nodes demonstrated uniform histological findings, namely marked follicular hyperplasia with progressively transformed germinal centers, and localization of the majority of IgG4(+) plasma cells in the germinal centers. Serum IgG4, serum IgE and peripheral blood eosinophils were elevated in 87%, 92% and 53% of examined patients, respectively. Eighteen patients subsequently developed extranodal lesions (including five who developed systemic disease), which on histological examination were consistent with IgG4-related disease. IgG4(+) progressively transformed germinal centers presents with uniform clinicopathological features of asymptomatic localized submandibular lymphadenopathy, which persists and/or relapses, and sometimes progresses to extranodal lesions or systemic disease. Nine patients were administered steroid therapy when the lesions progressed, to which all responded well. We suggest that IgG4(+) progressively transformed germinal centers should be included in the IgG4-related disease spectrum.

  19. Impact of altered endogenous IgG on unspecific mAb clearance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhrmann, Saskia; Kloft, Charlotte; Huisinga, Wilhelm

    2017-08-01

    Immunodeficient mice are crucial models to evaluate the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). When studying mAb pharmacokinetics (PK), protection from elimination by binding to the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is known to be a major process influencing the unspecific clearance of endogenous and therapeutic IgG. The concentration of endogenous IgG in immunodeficient mice, however is reduced, and this effect on the FcRn protection mechanism and subsequently on unspecific mAb clearance is unknown, yet of great importance for the interpretation of mAb PK data. We used a PBPK modelling approach to elucidate the influence of altered endogenous IgG concentrations on unspecific mAb clearance. To this end, we used PK data in immunodeficient mice, i.e. nude and severe combined immunodeficiency mice. To avoid impact of target-mediated clearance processes, we focussed on mAbs without affinity to a target antigen in these mice. In addition, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) data of immunocompetent mice was used to study the impact of increased total IgG concentrations on unspecific therapeutic antibody clearance. The unspecific clearance is linear, whenever therapeutic IgG concentrations, i.e. mAb and IVIG concentrations are lower than FcRn; it can be non-linear if therapeutic IgG concentrations are larger than FcRn and endogenous IgG concentrations (e.g., under IVIG therapy). Unspecific mAb clearance of immunodeficient mice is effectively linear (under mAb doses as typically used in human). Studying the impact of reduced endogenous IgG concentrations on unspecific mAb clearance is of great relevance for the extrapolation to clinical species, e.g., when predicting mAb PK in immunosuppressed cancer patients.

  20. Podocytes use FcRn to clear IgG from the glomerular basement membrane

    OpenAIRE

    Akilesh, Shreeram; Huber, Tobias B.; Wu, Hui; Wang, Gary; Hartleben, Björn; Kopp, Jeffrey B.; Miner, Jeffrey H.; Roopenian, Derry C.; Unanue, Emil. R.; Shaw, Andrey S.

    2008-01-01

    The glomerular filtration barrier prevents large serum proteins from being lost into the urine. It is not known, however, why the filter does not routinely clog with large proteins that enter the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). Here, we provide evidence that an active transport mechanism exists to remove immunoglobulins that accumulate at the filtration barrier. We found that FcRn, an IgG and albumin transport receptor, is expressed in podocytes and functions to internalize IgG from the G...

  1. IgG4-Related Disease: A New Etiology Underlying Diffuse Intracranial Dilating Vasculopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlin, Evan S; Dornbos, David; Ikeda, Daniel S; Lehman, Norman L; Powers, Ciarán J

    2017-11-01

    Diffuse intracranial aneurysmal vasculopathy is a rare condition, previously described in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recognized inflammatory disease of systemic organs, leading to fibrosis of connective tissues. It also has been linked to inflammatory dilating aortic aneurysms, coronary vascular disease, hypophysitis, orbital pseudotumor, and pachymeningitis. It has not yet been described as a cause of diffuse intracranial dilating vasculopathy. Histologically, this disease is characterized by IgG4-plasma cell infiltration, fibrosis, and phlebitis. A 40-year-old woman presented with acute heart failure, valvular insufficiency, and mycotic coronary aneurysms, concerning for endocarditis. Infectious workup was negative. Concurrent neurovascular workup revealed intracranial aneurysms, appearing mycotic in origin. Despite aggressive treatment for more than 5 years, she suffered multiple episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage from a progressive dilating intracranial vasculopathy. Serum IgG levels and aneurysm wall pathology were consistent with IgG4-RD. This is the first reported case of a diffuse intracranial dilating vasculopathy secondary to IgG4-RD. Recognition of similar pathologic findings in clinical presentation and radiologic workup should prompt further rheumatologic workup and possible immunosuppressive therapies. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Dacryoadenitis associated with IgG4-related disease in an Afro-Colombian adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Ramírez, Gabriel Sebastián; Medina-Quintero, Luis Fernando; Salinas-César, Alexander; Zea-Vera, Andrés Felipe

    2016-12-15

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized clinical condition with multiple aspects not yet elucidated. It is characterized by a fibrous inflammatory process that involves multiple organs and clinical, serological and histopathological findings, which represent a major challenge for the clinician. Classically described as an expansive tumor lesion with storiform fibrosis, lymphoplasmacytic infiltration (IgG4-positive) and elevated serum IgG4. Clinical features are variable, and pancreatic as well as extrapancreatic involvement has been reported, more frequently in Asian men over 50 years and rarely described in black people. We report the case of an Afro-Colombian teenage woman, who had a unilateral ocular protrusion of unknown cause, with histopathologic findings that revealed infiltration of lymphocyte and plasma cells into the lacrimal gland. It was positive for IgG4, ruling out other conditions, and confirming IgG4-related dacryoadenitis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  3. Enhancement of anti-OVA IgG2c production in vivo by enalapril

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.C. Almeida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors have non-hemodynamic, pleiotropic effects on the immune response. The effects of ACE inhibitors on the production of cytokines and T-cell functions are well established. However, little is known on the effects of these medicines on humoral response to foreign antigens. In this study, we investigated the effect of enalapril treatment on ovalbumin (OVA-specific IgG1 and IgG2c production in mice determined by ELISA. Two groups of 8-week-old C57BL/6 females mice (3–4/group were subcutaneously immunized with OVA (10 μg/animal in presence of Alhydrogel (1 mg/mouse and boosted at day 21. The mice were treated with enalapril (5 mg/kg daily, po or were left without treatment for one month. The animals were bled from the orbital plexus on days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 after the first immunization and the sera were stored at –20°C until usage. OVA-specific serum IgG1 and IgG2c were determined by ELISA using serum from each individual animal. The results showed that enalapril significantly increased anti-OVA serum IgG2c in the secondary response without affecting IgG1 synthesis. These data expand our understanding on the properties of enalapril on the immune response, including antibody production.

  4. IgG Subclasses and Allotypes: From Structure to Effector Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidarsson, Gestur; Dekkers, Gillian; Rispens, Theo

    2014-01-01

    Of the five immunoglobulin isotypes, immunoglobulin G (IgG) is most abundant in human serum. The four subclasses, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4, which are highly conserved, differ in their constant region, particularly in their hinges and upper CH2 domains. These regions are involved in binding to both IgG-Fc receptors (FcγR) and C1q. As a result, the different subclasses have different effector functions, both in terms of triggering FcγR-expressing cells, resulting in phagocytosis or antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and activating complement. The Fc-regions also contain a binding epitope for the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), responsible for the extended half-life, placental transport, and bidirectional transport of IgG to mucosal surfaces. However, FcRn is also expressed in myeloid cells, where it participates in both phagocytosis and antigen presentation together with classical FcγR and complement. How these properties, IgG-polymorphisms and post-translational modification of the antibodies in the form of glycosylation, affect IgG-function will be the focus of the current review. PMID:25368619

  5. Natural IgG antibodies provide innate protection against ficolin-opsonized bacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panda, Saswati; Zhang, Jing; Tan, Nguan Soon; Ho, Bow; Ding, Jeak Ling

    2013-01-01

    For nearly five decades since its discovery, the role of natural IgG, which pre-exists in neonates and uninfected individuals, has remained unclear due to the general perception that natural antibodies lack affinity for pathogens. Here, we show for the first time that natural IgG recognizes a spectrum of bacteria through lectins like ficolin and mannose binding lectin (MBL). Infection-inflammation condition markedly increased the affinity of natural IgG for bacteria associated with ficolins. After opsonization with IgG:ficolin complex, the bacteria were phagocytosed by monocytes via FcγRI. Infection of C3−/− mice indicated that the natural IgG-mediated immune complex was formed independently of C3. AID−/− mice lacking IgG were susceptible to infection, unless reconstituted with natural IgG. Thus, we have proven that natural IgG is not quiescent; rather, it plays a vital and immediate role in immune defense. Our findings provide a fresh perspective on natural antibodies, opening new avenues to explore host–microbe interaction. PMID:24002211

  6. Recurrent C. difficile in a Patient with IgG Deficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asad Jehangir

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available IgG deficiency can predispose to recurrent pyogenic infections. The association of IgG deficiency with Clostridium difficile infection has been infrequently reported in the literature. We present a case of a middle-age woman with multiple hospitalizations for recurrent C. difficile in a short span of time which prompted consideration of a possible fecal transplant. On evaluation, she was found to have low total IgG, with subclass analysis revealing low IgG1 and IgG3. She was started on monthly infusions of immunoglobulins and one year after her last episode of C. difficile she has not had any recurrence. The role of immunoglobulin infusion in the treatment of recurrent C. difficile is controversial, with some studies revealing no clear evidence of benefit. Our case report suggests that the patients who have underlying IgG deficiency may benefit from immunoglobulin, as this can significantly reduce the incidence of recurrent infections and hence save the healthcare costs.

  7. Specific IgG antibodies in sera in patients with penicillin allergy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Hai-Ling; Gao, Na; Jia, Lin-Jing; Yang, Jing; Tian, Xin

    2009-06-01

    The role of IgG antibodies in inducing or modifying allergic reaction has not been sufficiently clarified. The objective of this investigation is to elucidate the relationship between IgG antibodies and penicillin allergy, between IgG and IgE antibodies in allergic patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Radioallergosorbent test were used to examine eight kinds of specific IgG and IgE antibodies, including major antigenic determinants: benzylpenicilloyl (BPO), ampicilloyl (APO), amoxicilloyl (AXO) and phenoxomethylpenicilloyl (PVO), and minor antigenic determinants: benzylpenicillanyl (BPA), ampicillanyl (APA), amoxicillanyl (AXA) and phenoxomethylpenicillany (PVA), in the sera of 249 patients with penicillin allergy. Except BPA-IgG, seven kinds of antigenic determinants IgG antibodies levels were significantly higher than that of control group (P penicillin administration when skin tests were negative was significantly higher than that of patients with positive skin test (P penicillin allergy with negative skin test and IgG antibodies to major antigenic determinants probably play a more important role in the process of allergic reaction.

  8. Utility of FDG PET/CT in IgG4-related systemic disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakatani, K., E-mail: koyakn@kuhp.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto (Japan); Nakamoto, Y.; Togashi, K. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto (Japan)

    2012-04-15

    IgG4-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is an emerging clinical entity about which much remains to be elucidated, in terms of its aetiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and outcome. Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and Mikulicz disease (MD) are the two major, well-studied constituents of IgG4-RSD. AIP and MD have common characteristics of forming tumour-mimicking lesions that consist of lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and fibrosclerosis with numerous immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-positive plasma cells, as well as various multi-organ manifestations of IgG4-RSD. 2-[{sup 18}F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron-emission tomography/ computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) enables the acquisition of whole-body images and provides functional information about disease activity; as such it has a valuable role in staging extent of disease, guiding biopsy, and monitoring response to treatment. However, FDG PET/CT is likely to be only one component of the management strategy, and clinical, laboratory, imaging and histological findings are crucial in the overall diagnosis of the condition. At present FDG PET/CT does not have a well-established role in the assessment of patients with IgG4-RSD and future prospective studies are required to define the cost-effectiveness and clinical impact in this patient group more accurately.

  9. THE EFFECT OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION ON SERUM IGG RESPONSES TO AEROBIC ACTIVITY IN COLLEGE STUDENT ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Jamshidi Far

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims: Sleep is a restorative process for the immune system. There are many situations in which sleep is disturbed prior to an athletic event. However, the effect of sleep deprivation on immune indices in response to exercise remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sleep deprivation on serum IgG responses to aerobic activity. Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 10 male physical education students were voluntarily participated. Study was performed in two separate occasions; control and experimental within two weeks. In the control occasion, normal sleep and aerobic activity and in the experimental occasion, sleep deprivation and aerobic activity was applied. Aerobic activity was performed on bicycle ergometer for 30 minutes at intensity of 70 to 75 percent of maximum heart rate. Changes in serum IgG concentrations in pre-test, before and after aerobic activity in both occasions were analyzed by the two repeated measures ANOVA and dependent T-test using SPSS software. Results: The results showed that sleep deprivation not significantly effect on Serum IgG response to aerobic activity (p=0.130. Also, aerobic activity not significantly effect on Serum IgG concentration (p=0.357. But sleep deprivation caused a significantly increase in serum IgG concentration (p=0.035. Conclusion: No significant effect of sleep deprivation on serum IgG concentrations response to aerobic activity.

  10. [IgG4-related Periaortitis Manifested as Contained Rupture of Penetrating Atherosclerotic Ulcer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Someya, Takeshi; Sakurai, Shogo; Shirai, Toshizumi

    2017-09-01

    We report a case of IgG4-related periaortitis of the descending aorta manifested as a contained rupture of penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer(PAU). A 67-year-old male was admitted to our hospital complaining about chest pain. Computed tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging revealed PAU with extravasation of the descending aorta and thickening of surrounding tissues. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) CT demonstrated abnormal accumulation of FDG at the thickening sites, and serum IgG4 value was abnormally high. The descending aorta replacement was performed and intraoperative findings showed a marked thickening of the mediastinal tissue around the descending aorta and the ulceration of the intima penetrating to the mediastinum. In histopathological examination, the adventitial thickening due to marked fibrosis and the ulceration of the intima accompanying infiltration of IgG4 positive plasma cells were observed. IgG4-related thoracic periaortitis can invade not only to the adventitia but to the intima, and can cause PAU. For aortic diseases with thickening of periaotic tissues, it is necessary to keep in mind the possibility of IgG4-related aortic disease, and serum IgG4 values are useful for diagnosis.

  11. Active Immunity Induced by Passive IgG Post-Exposure Protection against Ricin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Chen Hu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Therapeutic antibodies can confer an instant protection against biothreat agents when administered. In this study, intact IgG and F(ab’2 from goat anti-ricin hyperimmune sera were compared for the protection against lethal ricin mediated intoxication. Similar ricin-binding affinities and neutralizing activities in vitro were observed between IgG and F(ab’2 when compared at the same molar concentration. In a murine ricin intoxication model, both IgG and F(ab’2 could rescue 100% of the mice by one dose (3 nmol administration of antibodies 1 hour after 5 × LD50 ricin challenge. Nine days later, when the rescued mice received a second ricin challenge (5 × LD50, only the IgG-treated mice survived; the F(ab’2-treated mice did not. The experimental design excluded the possibility of residual goat IgG responsible for the protection against the second ricin challenge. Results confirmed that the active immunity against ricin in mice was induced quickly following the passive delivery of a single dose of goat IgG post-exposure. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the induced active immunity against ricin in mice lasted at least 5 months. Therefore, passive IgG therapy not only provides immediate protection to the victim after ricin exposure, but also elicits an active immunity against ricin that subsequently results in long term protection.

  12. Recurrent C. difficile in a Patient with IgG Deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehangir, Asad; Bennett, Kyle; Fareedy, Shoaib Bilal; Rettew, Andrew; Shaikh, Bilal; Qureshi, Anam; Jehangir, Qasim; Alweis, Richard

    2015-01-01

    IgG deficiency can predispose to recurrent pyogenic infections. The association of IgG deficiency with Clostridium difficile infection has been infrequently reported in the literature. We present a case of a middle-age woman with multiple hospitalizations for recurrent C. difficile in a short span of time which prompted consideration of a possible fecal transplant. On evaluation, she was found to have low total IgG, with subclass analysis revealing low IgG1 and IgG3. She was started on monthly infusions of immunoglobulins and one year after her last episode of C. difficile she has not had any recurrence. The role of immunoglobulin infusion in the treatment of recurrent C. difficile is controversial, with some studies revealing no clear evidence of benefit. Our case report suggests that the patients who have underlying IgG deficiency may benefit from immunoglobulin, as this can significantly reduce the incidence of recurrent infections and hence save the healthcare costs.

  13. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis with severe renal impairment associated with multisystem IgG4-related disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Coimbra Ferreira Beltrame

    Full Text Available Abstract The IgG4-related disease has a wide clinical spectrum where multiple organs can be affected, and the diagnosis depends on typical histopathological findings and an elevated IgG4 expression in plasma cells in the affected tissue. We describe the clinical presentation and evolution of a patient with acute tubulointerstitial nephritis, severe kidney failure and systemic manifestations such as lymphadenomegaly and chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by the clinical picture and kidney and lymph node histopathology, in which immunohistochemistry of the lymphoid tissue showed policlonality and increased expression of IgG4, with a IgG4/total IgG ratio > 80%. The patient was treated with prednisone at a dose of 60 mg/day, followed by mycophenolate mofetil, and showed clinical and renal function improvement at 6 months of follow-up. The high index of suspicion of IgG4-related disease with multisystem involvement and the early treatment of this condition are essential to improve the prognosis of affected patients.

  14. Early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis in newborn infants using IgG subclasses against two Toxoplasma gondii recombinant proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henryque de Souza e Silva

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate the utility of ELISA-based testing of total IgG (IgGt antibodies and its subclasses (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 against soluble (STAg and recombinant (rSAG1 and rMIC3 antigens of Toxoplasma gondii for diagnosing congenital toxoplasmosis. Sera from 217 newborns initially testing positive for specific IgM in filter paper dried blood spots were tested for specific IgM and IgG by ELFA-VIDAS®. Congenital toxoplasmosis was confirmed in 175 and ruled out in 42 infants. The validity of the ELISA tests was determined using the persistence of IgG antibodies (ELFA-VIDAS® kit at the end of 12 months, which is considered the reference test for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. The frequency of positivity with IgGt against STAg, rSAG1 and rMIC3 was found in 97.2%, 96.3% and 80.2%, respectively, of the newborns with confirmed congenital toxoplasmosis. IgG1 reacted with all three antigens, while IgG3 and IgG4 reacted preferentially with rMIC3. Higher mean values of reactivity (sample optical density/cut-off were found for all subclasses when using rMIC3. All of the antigens showed high sensitivity and low specificity in detecting anti-T. gondii IgGt and IgG1 and low sensitivity and high specificity in detecting IgG3 and IgG4. In conclusion, the combined detection of IgG antibody subclasses against recombinant toxoplasmic antigens may be useful for the early diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis.

  15. Efficient production of bispecific IgG of different isotypes and species of origin in single mammalian cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Michael; Yin, Yiyuan; Zhou, Jianhui; McCarty, Luke; Ellerman, Diego; Slaga, Dionysos; Junttila, Teemu T; Han, Guanghui; Sandoval, Wendy; Ovacik, Meric A; Lin, Kedan; Hu, Zhilan; Shen, Amy; Corn, Jacob E; Spiess, Christoph; Carter, Paul J

    Bispecific IgG production in single host cells has been a much sought-after goal to support the clinical development of these complex molecules. Current routes to single cell production of bispecific IgG include engineering heavy chains for heterodimerization and redesign of Fab arms for selective pairing of cognate heavy and light chains. Here, we describe novel designs to facilitate selective Fab arm assembly in conjunction with previously described knobs-into-holes mutations for preferential heavy chain heterodimerization. The top Fab designs for selective pairing, namely variants v10 and v11, support near quantitative assembly of bispecific IgG in single cells for multiple different antibody pairs as judged by high-resolution mass spectrometry. Single-cell and in vitro-assembled bispecific IgG have comparable physical, in vitro biological and in vivo pharmacokinetics properties. Efficient single-cell production of bispecific IgG was demonstrated for human IgG1, IgG2 and IgG4 thereby allowing the heavy chain isotype to be tailored for specific therapeutic applications. Additionally, a reverse chimeric bispecific IgG2a with humanized variable domains and mouse constant domains was generated for preclinical proof-of-concept studies in mice. Efficient production of a bispecific IgG in stably transfected mammalian (CHO) cells was shown. Individual clones with stable titer and bispecific IgG composition for >120 days were readily identified. Such long-term cell line stability is needed for commercial manufacture of bispecific IgG. The single-cell bispecific IgG designs developed here may be broadly applicable to biotechnology research, including screening bispecific IgG panels, and to support clinical development.

  16. Sobre el derecho a la vida y la eutanasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Chamorro Fletes

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan los problemas que se derivan del conflicto entre el derecho a la vida y la eutanasia, estudiando el efecto que produce considerar el derecho a la vida como un derecho discrecional 0 como un derecho obligatorio; todo ello, relacionándolo con la teoría de los límites de los derechos fundamentales y con los tipos de eutanasia que podemos distinguir: voluntaria, involuntaria y no voluntaria. También se aborda cómo el proceso de desacralización de la vida, al hacer más énfasis en la calidad de la vida realiza una transición del concepto de "vida sagrada" al de "dignidad de la persona" en Cuanto supremo valor humano, intentando con esto aportar una solución. En definitiva se presenta el análisis de un conflicto que requiere la ponderación de bienes tan preciados como la vida, la autonomía y la dignidad humana.

  17. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered pigs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADEYEYE

    2017-06-21

    Jun 21, 2017 ... University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria. *Correspondence: Tel. ... a worldwide distribution and is of public health importance (Dubey ... specific anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies. The assay was validated and carried out according to the manufacturer's instructions. Statistical analysis. Data were analyzed ...

  18. Congenital toxoplasmosis infection in an infant born to an HIV-1-infected mother

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Letícia Santos Cruz

    Full Text Available We report the occurrence of congenital toxoplasmosis in an infant born to an HIV infected mother who had high anti-toxoplasma IgG and negative IgM at nine weeks of gestation. We briefly review available literature and discuss the possible mechanisms of transmission of congenital toxoplasmosis among HIV infected pregnant women.

  19. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic pigs reared under different management in systems in Zimbabwe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hove, T.; Lind, Peter; Mukaratirwa, S.

    2005-01-01

    Serum samples from 474 domestic pigs (Sus scrola) from Zimbabwe were tested for anti-Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies using the indirect fluorescent antibody test. The results showed that T gondii infection is widespread in Zimbabwean pigs. Seroprevalence was lowest in fattening pigs from large...

  20. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Women Who Have Aborted in Comparison with the Women with Normal Delivery in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Saki

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite causing toxoplasmosis in animals and humans. Primary maternal infection with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy is frequently associated with transplacental transmission to the fetus. However it is not certain whether Toxoplasma infection can cause recurrent abortion. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between Toxoplasma infection and abortion via detection of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in sera of women with obstetrical problems and compare the results with control group consisting of women with history of normal delivery. Sera from 130 women with abortion and sera of 130 women with normal delivery were tested for IgG and IgM anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by ELISA method. The present study revealed 24.6% of the samples with abortion and 21.5% of the samples with normal delivery were positive for IgG antibodies. However, statistical analysis indicated no significant differences (P>0.05. In addition, IgM antibody was detected in one woman who had aborted but not in women with normal childbirth. This study showed no significant difference between the case and control groups in IgG anti-Toxoplasma antibody but detected one sample with IgM antibodies in woman with abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy. In order to determine the relationship between Toxoplasma infection and abortion, anti-Toxoplasma IgG avidity and PCR to discriminate between recent and prior infections are recommended.

  1. Vidas de santos y santas vidas: hagiografías reales e imaginarias en Lima colonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwasaki Cauti, Fernando

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    La presente investigación tiene como finalidad demostrar que las hagiografías relativas a personajes que vivieron en Lima durante el siglo XVII, constituyen una fuente valiosa para el estudio de la cultura y la mentalidad coloniales, en la medida en que los protagonistas de aquellas "vidas ejemplares" no sólo fueron hombres y mujeres señalados en virtud, sino los miembros de una sociedad piadosa cuyo fervor promovió canonizaciones y diversos cultos populares. Así, la primera parte está dedicada a precisar el valor de las hagiografías y a señalar las principales diferencias entre las "vidas" medievales y las coloniales. A continuación propone que el carácter ejemplarizante de las mismas estaba dirigido a los disipados clérigos de Lima y no a la devota sociedad laica. Por último, a través del análisis de la hagiografía del "Venerable" Nicolás Ayllón -un sastre indígena fallecido en "olor de santidad"- se demuestran las incongruencias entre el imaginario popular y la doctrina oficial.

  2. LA VIDA AL NATURAL Y LA INVENCIÓN DE LA VIDA

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    Fábio de Melo Sene

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de vida, bajo el punto de vista biológico, con énfasis en lareproducción, principal característica de los seres vivos, es presentadohistóricamente articulado con los diversos embates o cuestiones éticas,morales, y o legales, a lo largo de ese recorrido histórico, de acuerdo con elconsenso relativo a cada época. Inicialmente, fue establecida la distinciónnecesaria entre procesos naturales y procesos resultantes de accionesantrópicas. Se consideró como invención todo procedimiento o hacerrelativos al desarrollo cultural de la humanidad. Así, a lo largo del recorridose confrontan posiciones pasadas y actuales, haciéndose amplia discusión alrespecto de asuntos recientes como: fecundación artificial, clonación,transgénicos, células-madre y la creación de vida en el laboratorio.

  3. Calidad de vida objetiva, optimismo y variables socio-juridicas, predictivos de la calidad de vida subjetiva en colombianos desmovilizados

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Velasco Salamanca, Ruth Marcela; Londono Perez, Constanza

    2011-01-01

    .... Corresponde a un estudio descriptivo correlational predictivo. se utilizan el Cuestionario de optimismo/Pesimismo para evaluar la tendencia optimista o pesimista, y, para evaluar calidad de vida, se combinaron estrategias...

  4. La larga vida de dos rocas orensanas

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    García Quintela, Marco V.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We study two rocks, a rock carving and a «rocky sanctuary » from the Ourense province (Spain, with two complementary methodologies, landscape archeology and «biography» (Kopytoff of objects. We start with their description in Christian texts, and then we observe that their relation with important hillforts forms a localization pattern, and finally we propose to date that relationship in the Iron Age. This chronology of the rocks and the following Christian reevaluation leads towards their «social life». These analyses are pertinent in the current debate about the chronology of the Galician rock art, and we propose that the use and meaning in the long term is as important as the initial moment of the carving.Se estudian dos rocas, un petroglifo y un «santuario rupestre » de la provincia de Ourense, con dos metodologías complementarias, la arqueología del paisaje y la «biografía» (Kopytoff de los objetos. Partiendo de su descripción en textos cristianos se considera el patrón de localización que conforman en relación con castros importantes, relación que se propone fechar en la Edad del Hierro. Esta adscripción cronocultural y su posterior resemantización cristiana lleva a la consideración de su «vida social». Estas aproximaciones inciden en el debate sobre la datación del arte rupestre en Galicia y se propone que, más allá del momento de grabado inicial, se estudie su uso y sentido en la larga duración.

  5. IgG2 immunodeficiency: association to pediatric patients with bacterial meningoencephalitis Inmunodeficiencia de IgG2: asociación en pacientes pediátricos con meningoencefalitis bacterianas

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    XIOMARA ESCOBAR-PÉREZ

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available An IgG subclass deficiency is often associated with bacterial infections. We studied four pediatric patients suffering from meningoencephalitis, two of them due to Streptococcus pneumoniae and two due to Haemophilus influenzae type b. Simultaneous diagnostic serum and cerebrospinal fluid samples were taken during income. The four subclasses of IgG and albumin were quantified in both biologic fluids by radial immunodiffusion. Very low levels of seric IgG2 with non detectable cerebrospinal fluid IgG2 were found in the patients. No intrathecal IgG subclass synthesis was found in two patients. One patient with S. pneumoniae had IgG3 intrathecal synthesis. Intrathecal IgG1, IgG3 and IgG4 synthesis was found in one patient suffering from H. influenzae according with reibergrams. Substitutive therapy with intravenous gammaglobulin was given to the patients as part of the treatment.Las deficiencias por subclases de IgG se asocian frecuentemente con infecciones de origen bacteriano. Se estudian cuatro pacientes en edad pediátrica con meningoencefalitis, dos de ellos a Streptococcus pneumoniae y dos a Haemophilus influenzae tipo b. Se toman muestras simultáneas diagnósticas de suero y líquido cefalorraquídeo en el momento del ingreso. Se cuantificaron las cuatro sublclases de IgG y albúmina en ambos líquidos biológicos por inmunodifusión radial. Se encontró que los pacientes presentaban cifras muy disminuidas de IgG2 sérico y ningun exhibia IgG2 en el líquido cefalorraquídeo. Dos pacientes no sintetizaron ninguna subclase de IgG intratecalmente. Un paciente con S. pneumoniae sintetizó IgG3 intratecal. Uno de los pacientes con meningoencefalitis a H. influenzae sintetizó IgG1, IgG3 e IgG4 intratecalmente de acuerdo com el reibergrama. Estos pacientes recibieron terapia substitutiva com gammaglobulina intravenosa como parte de la medicación.

  6. Qualidade de vida em doentes com asma

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    Lara Noronha Ferreira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste artigo é descrito um estudo, cujo objectivo é a medição da qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde (QdVRS de doentes com asma e a apresentação de uma primeira aproximação aos valores normativos, com base no SF-6D, para aquele tipo de doentes. Pretende-se ainda averiguar a capacidade de medidas genéricas de medição da QdVRS distinguirem grupos em termos de características sociodemográficas. Aplicaram-se, por entrevista pessoal, as versões portuguesas do EQ-5D, do SF-6D, do AQLQ(S e do ACQ a uma amostra representativa da população portuguesa com asma.A maioria dos indivíduos não apresentou problemas significativos nas dimensões medidas, excepto na função física, onde os indivíduos reportaram limitações moderadas. Em média, os inquiridos apresentam valores de utilidade de 0,86. Os homens, os mais jovens, os solteiros, os indivíduos com habilitações literárias mais elevadas, os empregados, os indivíduos com rendimentos mais elevados e aqueles que residiam em zonas urbanas foram os que reportaram níveis de utilidade mais elevados. Por outro lado, os indivíduos que se encontravam num estádio mais avançado da doença reportaram, como era de esperar, níveis médios de utilidade inferiores aos dos que se encontravam num estádio menos grave da doença. Foram obtidos valores normativos para o SF-6D para doentes com asma por género, grupo etário, estado civil, habilitações literárias, situação profissional, local de residência e rendimento médio mensal líquido.As medidas de utilidade baseadas em preferências utilizadas neste estudo discriminam adequadamente grupos de doentes com asma, de acordo com grupos sociodemográficos. Os valores normativos obtidos podem ser usados em estudos de avaliação económica e estudos clínicos, uma vez que incorporam as preferências dos doentes

  7. Trabajo social: atravesamientos entre la práctica profesional diaria y la vida cotidiana. Padecimiento subjetivo y vida cotidiana

    OpenAIRE

    Atencio, Viviana

    2016-01-01

    En el presente trabajo, expone un capitulo de mi tesis de maestría “Padecimiento subjetivo de los Trabajadores Sociales de los centros de salud del Municipio de Florencio Varela.” , se pondrá de manifiesto, las cuestiones que tienen que ver precisamente con la relación que existe entre la vida cotidiana de los Trabajadores Sociales y el padecimiento subjetivo, es decir como estas cuestiones de la practica profesional, impactan en su vida cotidiana.

  8. Comparison of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies for the detection of canine IgG1 and IgG2, and associations with infection outcome in Leishmania infantum naturally infected dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Connor; Quinnell, Rupert J; Day, Michael J; Courtenay, Orin

    2010-02-15

    In murine models of leishmaniasis, IgG subclass expression is a proxy measure for Th1/Th2 cellular immune response bias. However, in dogs, the reservoir of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis, no consistent association has been described between IgG subclass ratios and disease resistance. Inconsistent results may reflect lack of specificity of commonly used commercial antibodies. Our aim was to measure IgG1 and IgG2 responses to crude Leishmania antigen using commercial polyclonal antibodies for comparison with a panel of commercially unavailable monoclonal antibodies, in a cohort of 60 naturally infected dogs, and to compare associations between subclass responses and clinical or parasitological outcomes. IgG1 and IgG2, measured by both antibodies, were higher in clinically symptomatic than in asymptomatic dogs (PIgG in infected dogs. Unlike the murine model, canine IgG2:IgG1 ratios were not predictive of clinical or parasitological outcomes of infection. Associations between subclass levels and positivity by bone marrow culture and PCR were not consistent when measured with different antibodies. Further research is needed to re-evaluate the specificity of commercially available IgG subclass antibodies. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Distinct features distinguishing IgG4-related disease from multicentric Castleman’s disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Takanori; Akiyama, Mitsuhiro; Kaneko, Yuko; Mori, Takehiko; Yasuoka, Hidekata; Suzuki, Katsuya; Yamaoka, Kunihiro; Okamoto, Shinichiro; Takeuchi, Tsutomu

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Differentiating IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) from multicentric Castleman’s disease (MCD) is challenging because both diseases present high serum IgG4. The objective of this study is to clarify the differences in characteristics and identify a clinically useful approach to differentiate these two diseases. Methods Forty-five consecutive patients with untreated active IgG4-RD and 33 patients with MCD were included in this study, who visited our institution from January 2000 to August 2016. The clinical and laboratory findings for the patients of the two diseases were compared. Various combinations of the distinctive findings were evaluated to identify the most efficient differentiating features between IgG4-RD and MCD. Results The levels of serum IgG4 were not different between the two diseases. Orbits, lacrimal glands, salivary glands or pancreas were involved in 88.9% of IgG4-RD cases and only in 3.0% of MCD cases. All MCD cases involved lymph nodes. Atopic history was characteristic for IgG4-RD. The levels of C reactive protein (CRP) with a cut-off of 0.80 mg/dL and IgA with a cut-off of 330 mg/dL were the most distinctive. The combination of ‘Orbits, lacrimal glands, salivary glands or pancreas involvement, atopic history, or non-involvement of lymph node’ and ‘CRP ≤ 0.8 mg/dL or IgA ≤ 330 mg/dL’ yielded the probability of 97.8% in IgG4-RD, while that of 3.0 % in patients with MCD. Conclusions Our study revealed distinct features between IgG4-RD and MCD. Differentiating between the diseases based on those distinct features, including distribution of organ involvement, atopic history, levels of IgA and CRP, was a useful approach. PMID:28959455

  10. The anti-IRBP IgG1 and IgG2a response does not correlate with susceptibility to experimental autoimmune uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Vieira de Moraes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Susceptibility to experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU in inbred mice has been associated with a dominant Th1 response. Elevated anti-inter-photoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (anti-IRBP IgG2a/IgG1 antibody ratios have been implicated as candidate markers to predict disease severity. In the present study, both the anti-IRBP antibody isotype and severity of EAU phenotypes were examined in 4 non-isogenic genetically selected mouse lines to determine if they can be used as general markers of disease. Mice between 8 and 12 weeks old selected for high (H III or low (L III antibody response and for maximum (AIR MAX or minimum (AIR MIN acute inflammatory reaction (AIR were immunized with IRBP. Each experiment was performed with at least 5 mice per group. EAU was evaluated by histopathology 21 days after immunization and the minimal criterion was inflammatory cell infiltration of the ciliary body, choroid and retina. Serum IgG1- and IgG2a-specific antibodies were determined by ELISA. EAU was graded by histological examination of the enucleated eyes. The incidence of EAU was lower in AIR MIN mice whereas in the other strains approximately 40% of the animals developed the disease. Low responder animals did not produce anti-IRBP IgG2a antibodies or interferon-gamma. No correlation was observed between susceptibility to EAU and anti-IRBP isotype profiles. Susceptibility to EAU is related to the intrinsic capacity to mount higher inflammatory reactions and increased production of anti-IRBP IgG2a isotype is not necessarily a marker of this immunologic profile.

  11. Toxoplasmosis in last four years in Agean region, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altintas, N; Kuman, H A; Akisu, C; Aksoy, U; Atambay, M

    1997-08-01

    Anti-Toxoplasma antibodies were determined with IFA and ELISA tests in 9410 patients who were different age groups, attended Department of Parasitology between 1991-1995. Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were found positive in 4651 (49.4%) of these patients. 2287 (21.4%) patients were pregnant women and the positivity was 55% of them. According to history of these patients, seropositivity was found 50% in women having spontaneous abortion, 52% in women having stillbirth, in 55% women having abnormal fetal births. These patients and their culinary habits, the presence of cats and relationship with other clinical symptoms were also evaluated.

  12. Measurement of the IgG2 response to Pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides may identify an antibody deficiency in individuals referred for immunological investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Antony; Irure Ventura, Juan; Sims, Dawn; Echeverría de Carlos, Ainara; Gómez de la Torre, Ricardo; Tricas Aizpún, Lourdes; Ocejo-Vinyals, J Gonzalo; López-Hoyos, Marcos; Wallis, Gregg; Harding, Stephen

    2017-01-01

    IgG2 is the most efficient subclass for providing protection against pneumococcal pathogens. We hypothesised that some individuals may be unable to mount an effective pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) IgG2 response despite having a normal PCP IgG concentration (PCP IgG2 deficient). The median pre-vaccination PCP IgG2 concentration was significantly lower in individuals referred for immunological investigation compared to healthy controls (2.8 mg/L range, 95% CI 1.1-88 vs. 29.5mg/L, 95% CI 13.5-90, p = 0.0002). PCP IgG:IgG2 ratios were significantly higher for the referral population than for healthy controls suggesting the increased production of PCP specific subclasses other than IgG2. The percentage of individuals with PCP IgG2 deficiency was significantly higher in referral groups compared to controls (31% vs. 5%; p = 0.0009) and in an individual with PCP IgG2 deficiency, the balance of PCP specific IgG subclass antibodies post vaccination changed from IgG2>IgG1>IgG3>IgG4 to IgG1>IgG3>IgG2>IgG4. The median PCP IgG2 concentration in those with PCP IgG2 deficiency was significantly lower in the referral groups compared to controls (7.8 mg/L, 95% CI 1.1-12 vs. 12.7 mg/L, 95% CI 11.8-13.1; p = 0.006). The data suggests a defect in the production PCP IgG2 may be present in individuals with normal PCP IgG referred for immunological investigation.

  13. Unusual IgG4-related hypophysitis: one case report and analysis of clinicopathological characteristics

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    Zhen-qi LI

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4-related disease is a recently characterized autoimmune disease entity marked by elevated serum IgG4 levels and tissue infiltration by IgG4-positive plasma cells in multiple involved organs. Hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disorder and IgG4-related sclerosing disease involving the ituitary alone is especially rare. Imaging studies may reveal a mass lesion in the sellar area or a thickening of pituitary stalk, mimicking a pituitary tumor. Due to its rarity and non-specific appearance in radiological examination, it is a diagnostic challenge for clinicians and histopathologists to differentiate solitary IgG4-related hypophysitis from other pituitary lesions. The aim of this study is to summarize the clinicopathological features of unusual IgG4-related hypophysitis and discuss the differential diagnosis of histologically similar inflammatory lesions in pituitary. Methods The clinical manifestation of a patient with solitary IgG4-related hypophysitis was presented retrospectively. Resected mass was routinely paraffin-embedded and stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Dako EnVision immunohistochemical staining system was used to detect the tumor antigen expressions, including vimentin (Vim, S-100 protein (S-100, pan cytokeratin (PCK, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA, CD3, CD20, CD68, CD1a, κ-light chain, λ-light chain and progestrone receptor (PR.  Results A 47-year-old male patient presented with 1-year history of mild limb weakness and hyposexuality. Laboratory examination revealed hypopituitarism with low levels of serum testosterone, cortisol, luteinizing hormone (LH and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH, although his serum IgG4 level was high. MRI of the pituitary gland revealed a mass lesion in the sellar area with T1WI mild hyperintense and homogeneous enhancement after gadolinium administration. The patient underwent a transsphenoidal mass resection of the pituitary gland. Histological examination

  14. Aprendizajes en sincronía con la vida

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    Flor Abarca-Alpízar

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Como humanidad sufrimos la desconexión y separación con la vida toda. Esta ruptura impuesta por el paradigma mecanicista predominante en los últimos cuatrocientos años, nos ha llevado a olvidar la visión holista promovida por las culturas originarias y ancestrales. Esta situación prevalece también en los sistemas educativos dominados por la enseñanza memorística y fragmentada, alejada de la vida, del ser y sentir de las personas aprendientes. Para la superación de la crisis planetaria actual es urgente recuperar la visión holista de la vida y del aprendizaje, para lo cual los procesos docentes universitarios son claves para la formación de personas profesionales comprometidas con la plenitud de la vida sobre la tierra. El sentido de este ensayo es reflexionar sobre la importancia que tiene para la superación de la crisis planetaria actual la recuperación de nuestra conectividad con la vida del planeta tierra en sincronicidad con los aprendizajes, porque los procesos vitales y los procesos de aprendizaje son la misma cosa. Este ensayo está organizado en tres momentos. El primero parte del intercambio de seres, saberes, sentires y experiencias para recuperar nuestra conexión perdida con la vida en nuestro planeta tierra. Un segundo momento donde presentamos reflexiones y conceptualización por medio de la construcción colectiva de conocimientos, con apoyo de personas especialistas en la visión holista y los procesos de interaprendizaje, necesarios para salvar la vida toda. El tercer momento de este ensayo está elaborado con propuestas, claves, signos y señales para la conexión de los procesos vitales en sincronía con los procesos de aprendizaje necesarios en los tiempos actuales.

  15. Seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus IgG antibodies among pregnant women in Japan from 2009-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigemi, Daisuke; Yamaguchi, Satoru; Otsuka, Toshiaki; Kamoi, Seiryu; Takeshita, Toshiyuki

    2015-11-01

    Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a major cause of congenital infection. The seroprevalence of maternal CMV IgG antibodies among Japanese women is decreasing. In this study, we assessed the rate of and risk factors for CMV infection. This article includes a description of a method for the prevention of CMV infection. Medical records of 7,074 women who delivered a baby at our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. For seronegative patients, preventive educational materials were provided, and CMV IgG antibody levels were reassessed during late pregnancy. Congenital infection in neonates from seroconverted mothers was determined by urine analysis. The overall CMV IgG seropositivity rate was 69.1%. The prevalence of CMV IgG increased with age and parity. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, parity remained an independent determinant of CMV IgG seropositivity. The seroconversion rate for CMV IgG antibody during pregnancy was 0.37%. Neonatal congenital CMV infection occurred in 37.5% of seroconverted women. The risk of primary CMV infection in mothers during their first pregnancy was 7.0%, with an average follow-up period of 2.1 years. We found that parity was an independent determinant of CMV IgG seropositivity, suggesting that child-rearing may be a high risk factor for maternal CMV infection. The provision of information on hygiene may be an effective and inexpensive method for preventing CMV infection. Copyright © 2015 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Allergen-specific IgG antibody signaling through FcγRIIb promotes food tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Oliver T; Tamayo, Jaciel M; Stranks, Amanda J; Koleoglou, Kyle J; Oettgen, Hans C

    2017-05-04

    Patients with food allergy produce high-titer IgE antibodies that bind to mast cells through FcεRI and trigger immediate hypersensitivity reactions on antigen encounter. Food-specific IgG antibodies arise in the setting of naturally resolving food allergy and accompany the acquisition of food allergen unresponsiveness in oral immunotherapy. In this study we sought to delineate the effects of IgG and its inhibitory Fc receptor, FcγRIIb, on both de novo allergen sensitization in naive animals and on established immune responses in the setting of pre-existing food allergy. Allergen-specific IgG was administered to mice undergoing sensitization and desensitization to the model food allergen ovalbumin. Cellular and molecular mechanisms were interrogated by using mast cell- and FcγRIIb-deficient mice. The requirement for FcγRII in IgG-mediated inhibition of human mast cells was investigated by using a neutralizing antibody. Administration of specific IgG to food allergy-prone IL4raF709 mice during initial food exposure prevented the development of IgE antibodies, TH2 responses, and anaphylactic responses on challenge. When given as an adjunct to oral desensitization in mice with established IgE-mediated hypersensitivity, IgG facilitated tolerance restoration, favoring expansion of forkhead box protein 3-positive regulatory T cells along with suppression of existing TH2 and IgE responses. IgG and FcγRIIb suppress adaptive allergic responses through effects on mast cell function. These findings suggest that allergen-specific IgG antibodies can act to induce and sustain immunologic tolerance to foods. Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Human stiff-person syndrome IgG induces anxious behavior in rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Geis

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a heterogeneous behavioral domain playing a role in a variety of neuropsychiatric diseases. While anxiety is the cardinal symptom in disorders such as panic disorder, co-morbid anxious behavior can occur in a variety of diseases. Stiff person syndrome (SPS is a CNS disorder characterized by increased muscle tone and prominent agoraphobia and anxiety. Most patients have high-titer antibodies against glutamate decarboxylase (GAD 65. The pathogenic role of these autoantibodies is unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We re-investigated a 53 year old woman with SPS and profound anxiety for GABA-A receptor binding in the amygdala with (11C-flumazenil PET scan and studied the potential pathogenic role of purified IgG from her plasma filtrates containing high-titer antibodies against GAD 65. We passively transferred the IgG fraction intrathecally into rats and analyzed the effects using behavioral and in vivo electrophysiological methods. In cell culture, we measured the effect of patient IgG on GABA release from hippocampal neurons. Repetitive intrathecal application of purified patient IgG in rats resulted in an anxious phenotype resembling the core symptoms of the patient. Patient IgG selectively bound to rat amygdala, hippocampus, and frontal cortical areas. In cultured rat hippocampal neurons, patient IgG inhibited GABA release. In line with these experimental results, the GABA-A receptor binding potential was reduced in the patient's amygdala/hippocampus complex. No motor abnormalities were found in recipient rats. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The observations in rats after passive transfer lead us to propose that anxiety-like behavior can be induced in rats by passive transfer of IgG from a SPS patient positive for anti-GAD 65 antibodies. Anxiety, in this case, thus may be an antibody-mediated phenomenon with consecutive disturbance of GABAergic signaling in the amygdala region.

  18. Effect of biotherapeutics on antitoxin IgG in experimentally induced Clostridium difficile infection

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    S Kaur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Recurrent diarrhoea after successful treatment of primary Clostridium difficile associated disease (CDAD occurs due to bowel flora alterations and failure to mount an effective antibody response. Apart from antibiotics, risk factors include immunosuppressive and acid-suppressive drug administration. Biotherapeutics such as probiotic and epidermal growth factor (EGF may offer potential effective therapy for CDAD. Materials and Methods: The effect of biotherapeutics in mounting an antibody response against C. difficile toxins was studied in BALB/c mice challenged with C. difficile after pre-treatment with ampicillin, lansoprazole or cyclosporin. Sera from sacrificed animals were estimated for antitoxin IgG by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Antitoxin IgG was significantly higher (P0.05 in animals in which C. difficile was given after pre-treatment with cyclosporin compared to those without any pre-treatment, or pre-treatment with antibiotic or lansoprazole. In inter-subgroup comparisons also significant anomaly in production of antitoxin IgG was found. The antitoxin IgG levels were raised in animals administered C. difficile after pre-treatment with ampicillin, but lower in animals administered cyclosporin. High levels of antitoxin IgG were also found in the serum samples of animals receiving lansoprazole and C. difficile. Conclusions: Probiotics showed their beneficial effect by boosting the immune response as seen by production of antitoxin IgG. Oral administration of EGF did not affect the immune response to C. difficile toxins as significant increase was not observed in the serum antitoxin IgG levels in any of the groups investigated.

  19. Conformational plasticity of IgG during protein A affinity chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Pete; Nian, Rui

    2016-02-12

    Single step elution of a protein A column with 100mM acetate pH 3.5 produced a curvilinear gradient with pH dropping steeply at first then more gradually as it approached endpoint. IgG with a native hydrodynamic diameter of 11.5 nm began to elute at pH 6.0 with a size of 9.4 nm. IgG size continued to decrease across the peak, reaching a minimum of 2.2 nm at pH 3.9. Secondary structure of early eluting IgG was only mildly affected but later eluting fractions became increasingly non-native with the 2.2 nm population exhibiting the highest proportion of β-sheet and lowest random coil of all conformations. Size reduction and structural change of IgG through this portion of the elution peak were attributed dominantly to a pre-existing tendency of highly concentrated IgG to adopt reduced size conformations at low pH and conductivity, facilitated by the known conformational relaxation of IgG by its interaction with protein A. IgG size increased to 10.4 nm as elution pH approached 3.5 across the tailing fractions. Major loss of β-sheet and increase of α-helix and random coil were observed in parallel. Late elution of this population was attributed to it being eluted from interactions with 2 distinct protein A domains, one bound to each side of the Fc region, creating a higher dissociation constant than single-site Fc-protein A interactions, and requiring more severely disruptive conditions for elution. The high degree of conformational disruption was attributed to simultaneous interaction of both heavy chains with protein A. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Bancroftian filariasis: the patterns of filarial-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG4, and circulating antigens in an endemic community of northeastern Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, P E; Lemnge, M M; Msangeni, H A

    1996-01-01

    in the examined population was 29%. Fifty-one percent of the population were positive for IgG1 (39% among mf-positive individuals and 63% among mf-negative individuals), whereas 90% were positive for IgG4 (97% among mf-positives and 87% among mf-negatives). The levels of IgG1 and IgG4 were clearly related to mf......The profile of filarial-specific immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1), IgG4, and Wuchereria bancrofti-specific circulating antigen (Og4C3) was analyzed in individuals one year of age and older in a community with high endemicity for Bancroftian filariasis. The overall microfilarial (mf) prevalence...

  1. CALIDAD DE VIDA Y MEDIO AMBIENTE URBANO. INDICADORES LOCALES DE SOSTENIBILIDAD Y CALIDAD DE VIDA URBANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Hernández Aja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo parte de que la incorporación del paradigma de la sostenibilidad demanda un sistema de determinación y evaluación de los objetos y programas de sostenibilidad, en forma de un sistema de indicadores. Para ello enclava la sostenibilidad en el marco de la Calidad de Vida Urbana. Describe los distintos tipos de indicadores, presentando como ejemplo el análisis de los indicadores locales de sostenibilidad de las Agendas 21 de los Municipios españoles. Acaba realizando una reflexión sobre la concepción de la ciudad como satisfactor, proponiendo un sistema de indicadores que superen la visión parcelaria de los indicadores urbanos al uso.

  2. Role of IgG fractions with high isoelectric points in the thymol turbidity test in syphilis. Evidence for an increase in basic IgG in early syphilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Der Sluis, J J; Menke, H E

    1975-01-01

    It is demonstrated that IgG fractions with isoelectric points above 7.6, isolated from pooled syphilitic sera, are able to elevate the thymol turbidity. The effect increases with increasing isoelectric points of the isolated fraction. IgG from individual syphilitic patients exerts a stronger effect on the thymol turbidity than normal IgG. It is concluded that elevated amounts of these basic immunoglobulins are present in the sera of syphilitic subjects. PMID:237599

  3. Calidad de vida en adultos del Paraguay con enfermedad celiaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Emilio Real-Delor

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available La enfermedad celiaca altera el estado emocional, las relaciones sociales, la autonomía y la percepción de la salud, afectando la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud. Los objetivos fueron determinar la calidad de vida relacionada a la salud en adolescentes y adultos con enfermedad celiaca e investigar los factores que la afectan. Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, realizado en adolescentes y adultos del Paraguay portadores de enfermedad celiaca con al menos 6 meses en dieta sin gluten. Se aplicó el cuestionario CD-QOL. Fueron incluidos 114 sujetos, con edad media 30±10 años, siendo 58% del sexo femenino. La calidad de vida fue buena en 25%, regular en 49% y mala en 26%. Los factores asociados significativamente a mejor calidad de vida fueron el sexo femenino, el grupo etario >30 años y realizar actividades fuera del hogar. Se concluye que la calidad de vida de los celiacos adolescentes y adultos es regular en 49% de los encuestados.

  4. Malaria resistance genes are associated with the levels of IgG subclasses directed against Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage antigens in Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afridi Sarwat

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HBB, IL4, IL12, TNF, LTA, NCR3 and FCGR2A polymorphisms have been associated with malaria resistance in humans, whereas cytophilic immunoglobulin G (IgG antibodies are thought to play a critical role in immune protection against asexual blood stages of the parasite. Furthermore, HBB, IL4, TNF, and FCGR2A have been associated with both malaria resistance and IgG levels. This suggests that some malaria resistance genes influence the levels of IgG subclass antibodies. Methods In this study, the effect of HBB, IL4, IL12, TNF, LTA, NCR3 and FCGR2A polymorphisms on the levels of IgG responses against Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage extract was investigated in 220 individuals living in Burkina Faso. The Pearson’s correlation coefficient among IgG subclasses was determined. A family-based approach was used to assess the association of polymorphisms with anti-P. falciparum IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 levels. Results After applying a multiple test correction, several polymorphisms were associated with IgG subclass or IgG levels. There was an association of i haemoglobin C with IgG levels; ii the FcγRIIa H/R131 with IgG2 and IgG3 levels; iii TNF-863 with IgG3 levels; iv TNF-857 with IgG levels; and, v TNF1304 with IgG3, IgG4, and IgG levels. Conclusion Taken together, the results support the hypothesis that some polymorphisms affect malaria resistance through their effect on the acquired immune response, and pave the way towards further comprehension of genetic control of an individual’s humoral response against malaria.

  5. IgG4(+) plasma cells in sclerosing variant of mucoepidermoid carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Wei; Yakirevich, Evgeny; Matoso, Andres; Gnepp, Douglas R

    2012-07-01

    IgG4-related sclerosing disease is a recently described syndrome with unique histologic features characterized by intense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates with increased IgG4 plasma cells and dense stromal sclerosis. The disease spectrum frequently includes benign inflammatory diseases, such as autoimmune pancreatitis, cholangitis, and chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (CSS). Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common primary malignancy in the salivary gland. The rare sclerosing variant of MEC is characterized by dense stromal sclerosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates. Our goal was to further characterize lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates with respect to IgG4 expression. Six sclerosing MECs from our pathology service over the past 20 years were selected. In addition, 11 regular MECs with lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates, 4 CSS cases, and 12 nonsclerosing chronic sialadenitis cases were evaluated. None of the sclerosing MEC patients had IgG4-related sclerosing disease. The absolute number of IgG4 plasma cells was significantly increased in sclerosing MEC as compared with the regular type (75 vs. 20 per image field; Psclerosis in cancer.

  6. IgG Avidity Test in Congenital Toxoplasmosis Diagnoses in Newborns

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    Zulmirene Cardoso Fonseca

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study was to investigate the importance of IgG avidity testing in newborns (NBs diagnosed with early congenital toxoplasmosis. We collected samples from 88 puerperae infected by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii and their NBs (48 acutely-infected puerperae (AIP and 40 chronically-infected puerperae (CIP, from two public maternity hospitals in Goiania city, Goias, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. Specific anti-T. gondii IgM and IgG serum levels and IgG avidity tests were evaluated using chemiluminescence. Congenital toxoplasmosis was observed in 66.66% (n = 32 of NBs with AIP, 94.1% presenting low avidity (LA and 51.61% presenting high avidity (HA test results. The IgG and IgM levels of NBs with LA and their puerperae were higher in comparison with HA NBs and puerperae (p = 0.0001. The avidity tests showed 100% specificity and 50% sensitivity (p = 0.0001. NBs with LA had a 15-fold increased risk of developing congenital toxoplasmosis in comparison with HA NBs. The IgG avidity test could be used to assist in early congenital toxoplasmosis diagnoses in NBs and LA, identifying a greater probability of vertical transmission.

  7. IgG Avidity Test in Congenital Toxoplasmosis Diagnoses in Newborns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Zulmirene Cardoso; Rodrigues, Isolina Maria Xavier; Melo, Natália Cruz E; Avelar, Juliana Boaventura; Castro, Ana Maria; Avelino, Mariza Martins

    2017-06-18

    The goal of this study was to investigate the importance of IgG avidity testing in newborns (NBs) diagnosed with early congenital toxoplasmosis. We collected samples from 88 puerperae infected by Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and their NBs (48 acutely-infected puerperae (AIP) and 40 chronically-infected puerperae (CIP)), from two public maternity hospitals in Goiania city, Goias, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. Specific anti-T. gondii IgM and IgG serum levels and IgG avidity tests were evaluated using chemiluminescence. Congenital toxoplasmosis was observed in 66.66% (n = 32) of NBs with AIP, 94.1% presenting low avidity (LA) and 51.61% presenting high avidity (HA) test results. The IgG and IgM levels of NBs with LA and their puerperae were higher in comparison with HA NBs and puerperae (p = 0.0001). The avidity tests showed 100% specificity and 50% sensitivity (p = 0.0001). NBs with LA had a 15-fold increased risk of developing congenital toxoplasmosis in comparison with HA NBs. The IgG avidity test could be used to assist in early congenital toxoplasmosis diagnoses in NBs and LA, identifying a greater probability of vertical transmission.

  8. Effects of in vivo and in vitro administration of neuro-Behcet's disease IgG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdağ, Ece; Şahin, Ceren; Küçükali, Cem İsmail; Bireller, Sinem; Küçükerden, Melike; Kürtüncü, Murat; Türkoğlu, Recai; Cakmakoglu, Bedia; Tüzün, Erdem; Arıcıoğlu, Feyza

    2017-05-01

    Antibodies directed against membrane antigens of neuronal axonal processes (neuropil) have been recently identified in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD) patients. To delineate the potential pathogenic action of these antibodies, pooled sera from seven NBD patients with neuropil antibodies and seven healthy controls were divided into purified IgG and IgG-depleted serum (IgG-DS) fractions and each fraction was administered into lateral ventricles of rats. NBD IgG-injected rats showed reduced locomotor activity in the open field test as compared to NBD IgG-DS, healthy control IgG, healthy control IgG-DS and PBS injected rats (n = 10 for each group). There were no significant differences among treatment groups by means of anxiety-like behaviors (assessed by elevated plus maze test) and learning/memory functions (assessed by passive avoidance test). Administration of NBD IgG on cultured SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells induced significantly increased cell death and apoptosis (as measured by nucleosome levels in the supernatants) as compared to other treatment groups. Our results suggest that IgGs isolated from sera of neuropil antibody-positive NBD patients have a neurotoxic action, which is presumably mediated by apoptotic mechanisms. Motor deficits frequently observed in NBD patients might at least partially be caused by the pathogenic action of anti-neuronal IgG.

  9. Isolated Liver Hilar Infiltration by IgG4 Inflammation Mimicking Cholangiocarcinoma

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    Laurent Bochatay

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available IgG4-related disease represents a heterogeneous group of disease characterized by infiltration of various tissues by IgG4 plasmocytes. In case of liver infiltration, this condition classically mimics primary sclerosing cholangitis or multifocal cholangiocarcinoma due to inflammation that preferentially affects the intra- and extrahepatic bile duct. Diagnostic criteria have recently been reviewed in order to better define the disease and help physicians make the diagnosis. Herein, we present the case of a patient who died after liver surgery for suspected cholangiocarcinoma that finally turned out to be IgG4-associated liver disease, a condition being out of current consensual criteria. The patient presented with progressive cholestasis identified by MR cholangiography as an isolated hilar mass responsible for dilatation of the left and right intrahepatic bile duct suspicious for a Klatskin tumor. The IgG4 blood level was normal as was biliary cytology. The patient underwent right portal embolization followed by right extended hepatectomy. Pathologic examination found no tumor but intense fibrosclerotic infiltration with a marked inflammatory infiltrate characterized by IgG4-positive plasmocytes. Despite immunosuppressive treatment, cholestasis was never controlled and successive biopsies of the remaining liver showed progressive cholestasis, liver infiltrate and no bile duct regeneration. The patient finally presented an upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage leading to death 4 months after hepatectomy and appropriate immunosuppressive therapy.

  10. Effects of adjuvants on IgG subclasses elicited by virus-like Particles

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    Visciano Maria Luisa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virus-Like Particles (VLPs represent an efficient strategy to present and deliver conformational antigens to the immune system, inducing both arms of the adaptive immune response. Moreover, their particulate structure surrounded by cell membrane provides an adjuvanted effect to VLP-based immunizations. In the present study, the elicitation of different patterns of IgG subclasses by VLPs, administered in CpG ODN1826 or poly(I:C adjuvants, has been evaluated in an animal model. Results Adjuvanted VLPs elicited a higher titer of total specific IgG compared to VLPs alone. Furthermore, while VLPs alone induced a balanced TH2 pattern, VLPs formulated with either adjuvant elicited a TH1-biased IgG subclasses (IgG2a and IgG3, with poly(I:C more potent than CpG ODN1826. Conclusions The results confirmed that adjuvants efficiently improve antigen immunogenicity and represent a suitable strategy to skew the adaptive immune response toward the differentiation of the desired T helper subset, also using VLPs as antigen.

  11. Proteolytic activity of IgGs from blood serum of wistar rats at experimental rheumatoid arthritis

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    Yu. Ya. Kit

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the proteolytic activity of IgGs purified from blood serum of Wistar rats at experimental rheumatoid arthritis (ERA induced by an injection of bovine collagen of type II. Twenty rats were immunized with a preparation of bovine collagen II (Sigma-Aldrich, USA in the presence of complete Freund’s adjuvant. ERA development was determined by inflammation in limbs of treated animals. IgG preparations were isolated from blood serum of immunized and non-immunized animals by precipitation of antibodies with 33% ammonium sulfate followed by chromatography on the Protein G-Sepharose column. Human histone H1, bovine collagen II, calf thymus histones, myelin basic protein (MBP, bovine serum albumin (BSA, and bovine casein were used as substrates of the proteolytic activity of IgGs. It was found that IgG preparations from blood serum of rats with ERA were capable of cleaving histone H1 and MBP, however, they were catalytically inactive towards collagen II, casein, BSA, and core histones. IgGs from blood serum of non-immunized rats were proteolytically inactive towards all used protein substrates. Thus, we demonstrated that immunization of rats with bovine collagen II induced IgG-antibodies possessing the proteolytic activity towards histone H1 and MBP. This activity might be associated with the development of inflammatory processes in the immunized rats.

  12. Defective anti-polysaccharide IgG vaccine responses in IgA deficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuya, Yoichi; Kirimanjeswara, Girish S; Roberts, Sean; Racine, Rachael; Wilson-Welder, Jennifer; Sanfilippo, Alan M; Salmon, Sharon L; Metzger, Dennis W

    2017-09-05

    We report that IgA(-/-) mice exhibit specific defects in IgG antibody responses to various polysaccharide vaccines (Francisella tularensis LPS and Pneumovax), but not protein vaccines such as Fluzone. This defect further included responses to polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines (Prevnar and Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus toxoid vaccine). In agreement with these findings, IgA(-/-) mice were protected from pathogen challenge with protein- but not polysaccharide-based vaccines. Interestingly, after immunization with live bacteria, IgA(+/+) and IgA(-/-) mice were both resistant to lethal challenge and their IgG anti-polysaccharide antibody responses were comparable. Immunization with live bacteria, but not purified polysaccharide, induced production of serum B cell-activating factor (BAFF), a cytokine important for IgG class switching; supplementing IgA(-/-) cell cultures with BAFF enhanced in vitro polyclonal IgG production. Taken together, these findings show that IgA deficiency impairs IgG class switching following vaccination with polysaccharide antigens and that live bacterial immunization can overcome this defect. Since IgA deficient patients also often show defects in antibody responses following immunization with polysaccharide vaccines, our findings could have relevance to the clinical management of this population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. [Seroprevalence and detection of primary infection by cytomegalovirus with IgG avidity test during the first quarter of pregnancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-García, Conne L; Reyes-Méndez, Miguel A; Ortega-Pierres, Luz E; Rodríguez-Sánchez, Adriana P; Sandoval-Guido, Verónica; Sereno-Coló, José A

    2014-01-01

    To determine the seroprevalence and detection of primary infection by cytomegalovirus (CMV) with immunoglobulin G (IgG) avidity test during the first quarter of pregnancy in the General Hospital in Morelia, Michoacan. A total of 177 patients were studied employing a modified Elisa test using a chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) for the detection of CMV antibodies (IgG and immunoglobulin M [IgM]), and IgG avidity. 90.4% were positive for IgG, and of these, 2.3% were also reactive for IgM, and in this group the IgG avidity test reported low avidity for 1.1% and higher avidity in the same percentage. 9.6% were seronegative. Similarity was found with published studies in Mexico. Health professionals should know the clinical algorithms for diagnosis and proper management of CMV infection using the IgG avidity test.

  14. The Clinical Utility of Measuring IgG Subclass Immunoglobulins During Immunological Investigation for Suspected Primary Antibody Deficiencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Antony R; Skold, Markus; Ramsden, David B; Ocejo-Vinyals, J Gonzalo; López-Hoyos, Marcos; Harding, Stephen

    2017-11-08

    Measurement of IgG subclass concentrations is a standard laboratory test run as part of a panel to investigate the suspicion of antibody deficiency. The assessment is clinically important when total IgG is within the normal age-specific reference range. The measurement is useful for diagnosis of IgG subclass deficiency, to aid the diagnosis of specific antibody deficiency, as a supporting test for the diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency, as well as for risk stratification of patients with low IgA. The measurement of IgG subclasses may also help determine a revaccination strategy for patients and support patient management. In certain circumstances, the measurement of IgG subclasses may be used to monitor a patient's humoral immune system. In this review, we discuss the utility of measuring IgG subclass concentrations. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of American Society for Clinical Pathology.

  15. The deposition of anti-DNA IgG contributes to the development of cutaneous lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yingying; Zhang, Yi; Xia, Linlin; Wang, Ping; Chen, Jingyun; Xu, Meifeng; Liu, Xingyin; Xia, Yumin

    2017-11-01

    Anti-DNA IgG is a hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus and induces internal injuries in patients. It is known that cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) involves the deposition of autoantibodies in the dermoepidermal junction of the skin and that anti-DNA IgG binds specifically to keratinocytes. However, the definite role of anti-DNA IgG in CLE remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of anti-DNA IgG on keratinocytes in CLE. Skin tissues were collected from patients with CLE and healthy controls. Also, murine anti-DNA IgG was incubated with frozen sections of murine skin or PAM212 keratinocytes. The chemotaxis of J774.2 macrophages was evaluated in special chambers with keratinocytes under anti-DNA IgG stimulation. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry, Western blot, and surface plasmon resonance were used to quantitate the interaction between anti-DNA IgG and keratinocyte-related self-antigens. The results showed that anti-DNA IgG could be eluted from the lesional tissues of CLE patients, depending on the serum positivity. Murine anti-DNA IgG bound preferably to the dermoepidermal zones of normal skin and specifically to collagen III and the suppressor of cytokine signalling 1 (SOCS1) but not to Ro52. Moreover, the chemotaxis of macrophages was promoted by the incubation of anti-DNA IgG with keratinocytes. Interestingly, anti-DNA IgG exaggerated both the expression and the activation of fibroblast growth factor inducible 14 (Fn14) in keratinocytes and regulated SOCS1 signals in a time-dependent manner. In conclusion, anti-DNA IgG may contribute to the development of CLE through binding to keratinocyte-related antigens, exacerbating inflammatory infiltration, and modulating Fn14 and SOCS1 pathways. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  16. Functional characterization of the high affinity IgG Receptor : making heads and tails of FcγRI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Poel, C.E.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis focuses on human FcγRI, a high affinity receptor for antibodies of the IgG isotype. IgG is the most abundant antibody type in blood and all currently FDA approved therapeutic antibodies are of the IgG isotype. FcγRI, a member of the activating Fcγ receptors, exists as a complex of a

  17. A Glycoform of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) as an Early Biomarker of Exposure to Nonhuman Substances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    all of which were under-galactosylated IgG (G0 and G1) with core fucose on its constant region N-glycan. We hypothesized that the immunoglobulin...follows its denaturation, presumably because the fucose on the IgG is normally inaccessible to the lectin (1). Heating, or the use of denaturation...reagents such as urea, can fully denature the IgG protein and expose the fucose moieties. In addition, glycosidase treatment or solid-surface

  18. [The significance of antimitochondrial IgA and IgG in the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jian-xi; Qian, Shi-yu; Shu, Xin; Li, Gang

    2009-12-01

    To evaluate the sensitivity and the specificity of Anti-M2-3E ELISA for the detection of IgG- and IgA-specific isotypes of antimitochondrial antibody (AMA), and to investigate the significance of antimitochondrial IgA and IgG in the diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Sera were collected from 107 PBC patients, 87 disease controls and 26 healthy controls, and the antimitochondrial antibodies (IgG and IgA) were detected using indirect immunofluorescence (IFL), Anti-PDC ELISA and Anti-M2-3E ELISA. The AMA IgG positive rate in PBC patients was 90.6% detected by Anti-M2-3E ELISA, which is significantly higher than that (81.3%) detected by IFL(t = 4.32, P < 0.05) and that (72.9%) detected by Anti- PDC ELISA (t = 6.03, P < 0.05). The AMA IgA was positive in 59 of the 107 PBC patients, and 99 of the 107 patients were positive for AMA IgG or/and IgA. 9 of the 20 IFL-negative patients were positive for AMA IgG as indicated by Anti-M2-3E ELISA, 11 of the 20 IFL-negative patients were positive for AMA IgG or/and IgA as indicated Anti-M2-3E ELISA. Compared to patients negative for IgG AMA, patients positive for IgG AMA had more severe histopathology and higher levels of ALP, IgG, and IgM. The IgG and IgA Anti- M2-3E ELISAs are more sensitive for the AMA detection than IFN and the Anti-PDC ELISA. The presence of AMA IgG is the characteristics of severe PBC.

  19. Contributions of Conventional and Heavy-Chain IgG to Immunity in Fetal, Neonatal, and Adult Alpacas▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daley-Bauer, L. P.; Purdy, S. R.; Smith, M. C.; Gagliardo, L. F.; Davis, W. C.; Appleton, J. A.

    2010-01-01

    In addition to conventional immunoglobulins, camelids produce antibodies that do not incorporate light chains into their structures. These so-called heavy-chain (HC) antibodies have incited great interest in the biomedical community, as they have considerable potential for biotechnological and therapeutic application. Recently, we have begun to elucidate the immunological functions of HC antibodies, yet little is known about their significance in maternal immunity or about the B lymphocytes that produce them. This study describes the application of isotype-specific reagents toward physiological assessments of camelid IgGs and the B cells that produce them. We document the specificities of monoclonal antibodies that distinguish two conventional IgG1 isotypes and two HC IgG3 variants produced by alpacas. Next, we report that the relative concentrations of five isotypes are similar in serum, milk, and colostrum; however, following passive transfer, the concentrations of HC IgG2 and IgG3 declined more rapidly than the concentration of conventional IgG1 in the sera of neonates. Finally, we assessed the distribution of B cells of distinct isotypes within lymphoid tissues during fetal and adult life. We detected IgG1, IgG2, and IgG3 in lymphocytes located in lymph node follicles, suggesting that HC B cells affinity mature and/or class switch. One IgG3 isotype was present in B cells located in ileal Peyer's patches, and one conventional IgG1 isotype was detected in splenic marginal zone B cells. Our findings contribute to the growing body of knowledge pertaining to HC antibodies and are compatible with functional specialization among conventional and HC IgGs in the alpaca. PMID:20926693

  20. Endogenous IgG affects the cell biology of RPE cells and involves the TLR4 pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Na; Zhang, Jie; McNutt, Michael A

    2013-10-25

    RPE is a key component of the blood-ocular barrier (BOB) and is equipped with immunological molecules such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and complement receptors, which together orchestrate the innate and adaptive immunity of the eye. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the aqueous humor and vitreous body has traditionally been thought to be derived from serum via transcytosis across the BOB. Our previous work validated production of endogenous IgG by RPE cells locally. However, the function and role of this IgG in the intraocular immunity is poorly understood. After confirming IgG production in a human RPE cell line (ARPE-19) with immunofluorescence, in situ hybridization, and RT-PCR, we further investigated the function of endogenous IgG in RPE biology with MTS, flow cytometry, and cell invasion analysis after downregulation of IgG by siRNA. Involvement of the TLR4 pathway was also studied using Western blot, ELISA and confocal microscopy. Endogenous IgG is crucial for support of proliferation, mitosis, migration, and inhibition of apoptosis of RPE. Moreover, production of endogenous IgG by RPE is regulated by the TLR4 pathway in a concentration- and duration-dependent manner, and IgG affects the activation of the TLR4 pathway in a synergistic manner. Activation of the FcγR I pathway and production of IL-10 could be induced by IgG derived from RPE. These data suggest that endogenous IgG may be a molecule that is essential for the physiological function of RPE, and suggest IgG is important for regulating intraocular immune responses under physiologic and pathologic conditions.

  1. \\"Qualidade de vida em pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2\\"

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Isolina Del Socorro Gómez Aguilar

    2004-01-01

    Trata-se de um estudo descritivo do tipo transversal, que teve como objetivos analisar a qualidade de vida geral, qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde das pessoas com o diabetes mellitus tipo 2, bem como relacionar essas duas variáveis entre si e entre as características sociodemográficas e clínicas. Estabelece-se a hipótese de que existe relação inversa entre os quatro domínios da qualidade de vida geral e o impacto da doença. Os dados foram coletados na cidade de Tizimín, Yucatán – México,...

  2. Salud masculina: estilo de vida, enfermedades y riesgos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard S. Pelman, MD

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los hombres de todo el mundo siguen teniendo tasas más altas de morbilidad y mortalidad que su contraparte femenina. El resultado de esto es que los hombres viven menos y de forma menos sana, lo que impacta a las familias, comunidades, economías y sociedades. La mayoría de las causas subyacentes están relacionadas con estilos de vida evitables y modificables elegidos por los hombres. Las epidemias causadas por obesidad y diabetes están directamente relacionadas con el tabaquismo, mala alimentación, exceso de consumo de alcohol, y estilos de vida sedentarios. Si los médicos y autoridades responsables desean cambiar realmente el mal estado de salud de los hombres, deben concentrarse en las enfermedades evitables que son resultado de estilos de vida y comportamientos.

  3. O teletrabalho e a qualidade de vida nos contact centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas de Biasi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available As condições e os hábitos de uma pessoa podem comprometer sua qualidade de vida e sua produtividade no trabalho. Essa afirmação é ainda mais significativa em profissões como a de teleoperador - operador de telemarketing - de central de atendimento (em inglês contact center, em que são comuns situações de "distresse" gerado pelas exigências de alto desempenho. Este artigo trata da análise de fatores de risco e de proteção para a qualidade de vida no trabalho (QVT - especificamente para o teletrabalho. Uma pesquisa quantitativa feita em uma grande empresa nacional de contact center comprova a viabilidade do teletrabalho para a regularização de fatores básicos da vida do trabalhador.

  4. SEXUALIDADE E SUAS VICISSITUDES NA ESCOLHA DE VIDA RELIGIOSA CONSAGRADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilvete Soares Gomes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoA sexualidade humana, por vezes, se traduziu e se traduz num fenômeno complexo. Se no cenário sociocultural se encontram impasses para uma compreensão eximida de tabus da sexualidade, considera-se desafio maior quando se trata da sexualidade no contexto religioso. Para jovens religiosas, as reais motivações para a escolha de vida consagrada poderão não estar evidentes. Este ensaio teórico propõe explorar elementos que possibilitam compreender como se dá a vivência da sexualidade, suas vicissitudes e os atravessamentos da escolha de vida religiosa consagrada. O estudo discute o conceito de sublimação, conforme teoria psicanalítica freudiana, a fim de subsidiar reflexões para institutos de vida consagrada e comunidade científica acerca das vicissitudes da sexualidade.

  5. Conhecimento, vida e educação

    OpenAIRE

    Mota,Sonia Borges Vieira da

    1982-01-01

    Este trabalho –Conhecimento, Vida e Educação – é o desenvolvimento de uma reflexão sobre a prática educacional, genericamente tomada. Enfoca a importância de que, no exercício dessa atividade, não se deixe de levar em conta as concepções de mundo e as circunstâncias de vida daqueles sobre os quais deve incidir um processo educativo, destacando-se, sobretudo, a íntima correlação entre o universo de idéias de um grupo social e suas circunstâncias concretas de vida.

  6. Conceptos y definiciones de la vida y la muerte celular Conceptos y definiciones de la vida y la muerte celular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Anaya Velázquez

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se revisa la información científica sobre las definiciones y conceptos sobre la vida y la muerte celular. Se describen las características generales de la vida biológica y los seres vivos, así como de la muerte celular. Aunque se sabe cómo ocurre la vida y la muerte de las células aún no se tiene una definición precisa de qué es la vida y qué es la muerte biológica. Finalmente, derivado de los recientes avances en la genómica sintética, se concluye que es necesario actualizar los conceptos y definiciones sobre la vida y la muerte en la biología. In the present work scientific concepts and definitions about life and cell death are revised.General properties of biological life and live organisms as well as cellular death are described.Although it is known how life and death occur in cells, a convincing definition is stilllacking on what are biological life and death. Finally, the recent reported experiments onsynthetic genomics raise the importance to updating concepts and definitions of life anddeath in biology.

  7. Evaluation of IgG RAST FEIA for the assay of venom-specific IgG antibodies during venom immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, P; Müller, U

    1998-09-01

    Successful venom immunotherapy (VIT) in Hymenoptera allergy is usually associated with a strong increase in venom-specific serum IgG antibodies (sIgG). We evaluated a new commercial test for the assay of sIgG (Pharmacia CAP Systemtrade mark IgG RAST(R) FEIA; FEIA), in comparison with a conventional ELISA technique. Sera from 40 bee- and 40 Vespula-allergic patients were analyzed by FEIA and ELISA before and 3 months after starting VIT. The correlation between sIgG obtained with the two methods was significant: r = 0.862, pRAST FEIA is a reproducible and sensitive method for the assay of venom-specific sIgG.

  8. Comparison of in-house IgM and IgG ELISAs for the serodiagnosis of melioidosis in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hii, Shirley Yi Fen; Ali, Noor Azila; Ahmad, Norazah; Amran, Fairuz

    2017-11-01

    Melioidosis is an endemic infectious disease in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. However, the incidence rate in Malaysia is not well documented. The high mortality rate and broad range of clinical presentations require rapid and accurate diagnosis for appropriate treatment. This study compared the efficacy of in-house IgM and IgG ELISA methods using a local B. pseudomallei strain. The diagnostic accuracy of the in-house IgG ELISA was better than that of the IgM ELISA: sensitivity (IgG: 84.71 %, IgM: 76.14 %) and specificity (IgG: 93.64 %, IgM: 90.17 %); positive predictive value (IgG: 86.75 %, IgM: 79.76 %) and negative predictive value (IgG: 92.57 %, IgM: 89.66 %); likelihood ratio (LR) [IgG: 13.32, IgM: 7.75 (LR+); IgG: 0.16, IgM: 0.26 (LR-)], and was supported by the observation of the absorbance value in comparisons between culture and serology sampling. In-house IgG ELISA was shown to be useful as an early diagnostic tool for melioidosis.

  9. IgG4-related disease: A concise review of the current literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardila-Suarez, Oscar; Abril, Andy; Gómez-Puerta, José A

    IgG4-related disease is the term used to refer to a condition characterized by a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, fibrosis and an increased number of IgG4+ cells present in tissue, in most cases, with an elevated serum IgG4 level. This disease frequently affects the pancreas, salivary glands and lymph nodes, but can involve almost any tissue. Its etiology and the exact role of the different inflammatory cells in the damage to the target organ is still unclear. As yet, there is no international consensus about diagnostic criteria for the disease, but there are important advances in its treatment and in the quest to achieve remission. We include a review of the history, possible pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approach and available therapeutic approaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  10. Neuromyelitis optica IgG in the cerebrospinal fluid induces astrocytopathy in optic nerve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soelberg, Kerstin; Lillevang, Søren Thue; Mørch, Marlene

    was coincident with deposition of complement. Histopathological lesions were markedly enhanced with extensive/long-segment astrocytopathy of optic nerve and optic chiasm involvement in AQP4- IgG+ C + anti-CD59a treated mice. Such pathology was not seen in mice receiving normal human IgG, C and anti-CD59a......-ON. The predilection of the optic nerve in NMOSD may partly be explained by the dense expression of AQP4 in the optic nerve. We previously reported that AQP4-IgG in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) becomes widely distributed in the brain and causes complementdependent astrocyte injury in periventricular areas and brain...... of brain-specific antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid. Journal of neuroimmunology 2013;254:76-82....

  11. Recurrent meningitis in a child with IgG3 subclass deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vehapoglu, Aysel; Ozgurhan, Gamze; Demir, Aysegul Dogan; Uzuner, Selcuk; Nursoy, Mustafa Atilla; Turkmen, Serdar

    2014-08-01

    Recurrent meningitis is an uncommon life-threatening condition. Here, the case of a 6-year-old boy is reported who had two episodes of meningitis with an IgG3 subclass deficiency. The boy had aseptic meningitis at the age of 3 years, followed by bacterial meningitis at the age of 4 years. Primary immunoglobulin deficiencies are a group of disorders associated with an increased incidence and/or severity of infection. Recurrent infections, sinusitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia are the most frequently observed illnesses in patients with IgG subclass deficiencies, of which an IgG3 subclass deficiency is the most common, especially in adults. Although cases of recurrent viral or bacterial meningitis have been reported, herein a patient is presented with recurrence of aseptic and bacterial meningitis 1 year after the initial episode. Some researchers recommend that all children with episodes of recurrent meningitis should be screened for primary immunoglobulin or complement deficiencies.

  12. Aquaporin-4 IgG autoimmune syndrome and immunoreactivity associated with thyroid cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soelberg, Kerstin; Larsen, Stine Rosenkilde; Mørch, Marlene

    2016-01-01

    Tumor cells can express so-called onconeural antigens, which are normally restricted to mature neurons and glial cells in the CNS.1 The detection of neural-reactive immunoglobulin G (IgG) aids the diagnosis of paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes (PNS)1; however, the diagnostic utility and potential...... pathogenicity of autoantibodies vary between neurologic diseases. By contrast, anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) IgG from patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a specific biomarker for NMOSD. AQP4 is the most abundant water channel in the CNS, particularly abundant on astrocytes, forming...... the glia limitans of the blood–brain barrier. There is compelling evidence that AQP4-IgG reactivity and pathogenicity is restricted to the CNS, probably through an impaired blood–brain barrier. The clinical features of NMOSD include inflammation of the optic nerve, spinal cord, and specific brain areas...

  13. Qualidade de Vida e Cardiopatia Congenita na Infancia e Adolescencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Bertoletti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Os avanços nas técnicas de cirurgia cardíaca e o diagnóstico precoce têm possibilitado maior sobrevida de indivíduos com cardiopatias congênitas. A investigação da qualidade de vida em crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatias congênitas fornece informações complementares aos dados clínicos que podem auxiliar na tomada de decisão dos profissionais de saúde. Embora muitos estudos tenham sido realizados para investigar a qualidade de vida de crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatias congênitas, os resultados mostram-se contraditórios. Enquanto alguns estudos revelam que as cardiopatias podem impactar a qualidade de vida, outros descrevem melhor percepção da qualidade de vida entre crianças e adolescentes cardiopatas quando comparados com controles saudáveis. O objetivo deste estudo é revisar a literatura sobre a avaliação da qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em crianças e adolescentes com cardiopatias congênitas, de forma a sistematizar o conhecimento existente sobre esse tema na atualidade. Observa-se que as pesquisas procuram investigar aspectos relacionados à personalidade do paciente cardiopata, às estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas por ele e ao suporte social percebido, visando à melhor compreensão da associação de tais variáveis com o nível de qualidade de vida nessa população.

  14. Quantification of serum IgG subclasses by use of subclass-specific tryptic peptides and liquid chromatography--tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladwig, Paula M; Barnidge, David R; Snyder, Melissa R; Katzmann, Jerry A; Murray, David L

    2014-08-01

    Measurement of IgG subclasses is a useful tool for investigation of humoral immune deficiency in the presence of total IgG within reference intervals and IgG4-related disease. Nephelometry has been the method of choice for quantification. We describe an LC-MS/MS method that can multiplex all 4 subclasses along with total IgG by use of either IgG subclass-specific peptide stable isotope-labeled internal standards or a surrogate digest standard for quantification and does not rely on antigen/antibody reactions. We combined serum with labeled internal peptide standards and intact purified horse IgG. Samples were denatured, reduced, alkylated, and digested. We analyzed the digested serum by LC-MS/MS for IgG subclasses 1-4 and total IgG. We assayed 112 patient sera by LC-MS/MS and immunonephelometry. The mean of the slopes and R(2) values for IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, and IgG were 1.18 and 0.93, respectively. Interassay imprecision for the LC-MS/MS method was IgG and subclasses and was slightly improved by use of a calibrator peptide from an exogenous horse IgG. Summed total IgG correlated with the measured total IgG within 10%. Reference intervals and analytical measuring range were all similar to our previous validation data for the immunonephelometry assays. Total IgG and IgG subclasses 1, 2, 3, and 4 can be quantified by LC-MS/MS with performance comparable to nephelometry. © 2014 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

  15. Immunogenicity of different stressed IgG monoclonal antibody formulations in immune tolerant transgenic mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filipe, Vasco; Jiskoot, Wim; Basmeleh, Abdul Hafid; Halim, Andhyk; Schellekens, Huub; Brinks, Vera

    2012-01-01

    The presence of protein aggregates in biopharmaceutical formulations is of great concern for safety and efficacy reasons. The aim of this study was to correlate the type and amount of IgG monoclonal antibody aggregates with their immunogenic potential. IgG degradation was obtained by freeze-thawing cycles, pH-shift cycles, heating, shaking and metal-catalyzed oxidation. The size, amount, morphology and type of intermolecular bonds of aggregates, as well as structural changes and epitope integrity were characterized. These formulations were injected in mice transgenic (TG) for human genes for Ig heavy and light chains and their non-transgenic (NTG) counterparts. Anti-drug antibody (ADA) titers were determined by bridging ELISA. Both unstressed IgG and freeze-thawed formulation did not induce measurable ADA levels. A mild antibody response was obtained in a fairly small percentage of mice, when injected with shaken, pH-shifted and heated formulations. The metal-catalyzed oxidized IgG formulation was the most immunogenic one, in both ADA titers and number of responders. The overall titers of NTG responders were significantly higher than the ones produced by TG mice, whereas there was no significant difference between the overall number of TG and NTG responders. This study reinforces the important role of protein aggregates on immunogenicity of therapeutic proteins and provides new insight into the immunogenic potential of different types of IgG aggregates. The results indicate that the quality of the IgG aggregates has more impact on the development of an immune response than their quantity or size. PMID:22951518

  16. Grass pollen immunotherapy induces mucosal and peripheral IL-10 responses and blocking IgG activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouri-Aria, Kayhan T; Wachholz, Petra A; Francis, James N; Jacobson, Mikila R; Walker, Samantha M; Wilcock, Louisa K; Staple, Steven Q; Aalberse, Robert C; Till, Stephen J; Durham, Stephen R

    2004-03-01

    T regulatory cells and IL-10 have been implicated in the mechanism of immunotherapy in patients with systemic anaphylaxis following bee stings. We studied the role of IL-10 in the induction of clinical, cellular, and humoral tolerance during immunotherapy for local mucosal allergy in subjects with seasonal pollinosis. Local and systemic IL-10 responses and serum Ab concentrations were measured before/after a double-blind trial of grass pollen (Phleum pratense, Phl P) immunotherapy. We observed local increases in IL-10 mRNA-positive cells in the nasal mucosa after 2 years of immunotherapy, but only during the pollen season. IL-10 protein-positive cells were also increased and correlated with IL-10 mRNA(+) cells. These changes were not observed in placebo-treated subjects or in healthy controls. Fifteen and 35% of IL-10 mRNA signals were colocalized to CD3(+) T cells and CD68(+) macrophages, respectively, whereas only 1-2% of total CD3(+) cells and 4% of macrophages expressed IL-10. Following immunotherapy, peripheral T cells cultured in the presence of grass pollen extract also produced IL-10. Immunotherapy resulted in blunting of seasonal increases in serum allergen Phl p 5-specific IgE, 60- to 80-fold increases in Phl p 5-specific IgG, and 100-fold increases in Phl p 5-specific IgG4. Post-immunotherapy serum exhibited inhibitory activity, which coeluted with IgG4, and blocked IgE-facilitated binding of allergen-IgE complexes to B cells. Both the increases in IgG and the IgG "blocking" activity correlated with the patients' overall assessment of improvement. Thus, grass pollen immunotherapy may induce allergen-specific, IL-10-dependent "protective" IgG4 responses.

  17. High Serum IgG4 Concentrations in Patients with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Popławska-Kita

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. Since recent reports suggest that Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT may be associated with IgG4-related disease, we aimed to find out whether the measurement of serum IgG4 allows for the identification of distinct types of HT, with different clinical, sonographic, and serologic characteristics. Methods. The group studied consisted of 53 patients with HT and 28 healthy individuals who underwent thyroid ultrasonography and body composition analysis. Serum concentrations of IgG4, TSH, anti-peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb, anti-TSH receptor antibodies, TNF-α, TGF-β1, Fas Ligand, TRAIL, and chemokines (CXCL9, CXCL11, and CXCL10 were measured by ELISA or radioimmunoassay. Results. The group with IgG4 level >135 IU/ml accounted for 32.5% of the patients. The signs of fibrosis were present in 27.0% of the high-IgG4 patients and in 9.1% of the normal-IgG4 group. The patients with elevated IgG4 required higher doses of L-thyroxine and had significantly lower level of TPOAb (P=0.02 than the non-IgG4-HT individuals and higher TNF-α level in comparison with the controls (P=0.01. Conclusions. Our results suggest that the measurement of serum IgG4 allows for an identification of patients with more rapid progression of HT, requiring higher doses of L-thyroxine. Low TPOAb level and the absence of coexisting autoimmune diseases may suggest distinct pathomechanism of this type of thyroiditis.

  18. Significantly lower anti-Leishmania IgG responses in Sudanese versus Indian visceral leishmaniasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Tapan; Bowes, Duncan E; El-Safi, Sayda; Sundar, Shyam; Falconar, Andrew K; Singh, Om Prakash; Kumar, Rajiv; Ahmed, Osman; Boelaert, Marleen; Miles, Michael A

    2014-02-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a widely distributed systemic disease caused by infection with the Leishmania donovani complex (L. donovani and L. infantum), is almost always fatal if symptomatic and untreated. A rapid point-of-care diagnostic test for anti-Leishmania antibodies, the rK39-immunochromatographic test (rK39-ICT), has high sensitivity and specificity in South Asia but is less sensitive in East Africa. One of the underlying reasons may be continent-specific molecular diversity in the rK39 antigen within the L. donovani complex. However, a second reason may be differences in specific IgG anti-Leishmania levels in patients from different geographical regions, either due to variable antigenicity or immunological response. We determined IgG titres of Indian and Sudanese VL patients against whole cell lysates of Indian and Sudanese L. donovani strains. Indian VL patients had significantly higher IgG titres against both L. donovani strains compared to Sudanese VL patients (pIgG titres occurred in children (IgG responses was between male Indian and Sudanese VL patients of ≥ 16 years old (mean 1/log10t50: 4.15 versus 1.99 = 144-fold (pIgG responses among VL patients in Sudan were significantly lower than in India; this may be due to chronic malnutrition with Zn(2+) deficiency, or variable antigenicity and capacity to generate IgG responses to Leishmania antigens. Such differential anti-Leishmania IgG levels may contribute to lower sensitivity of the rK39-ICT in East Africa.

  19. Formas de Vida Economica en el Arte Rupestre Levantino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco JORDÁ CERDÁ

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Parece fuera de toda duda que las pinturas rupestres levantinas, dado su carácter eminentemente narrativo e historicista, son una buena fuente de información para estudiar la vida y costumbres de los pueblos entre los que vivían los artistas que las realizaron. En sus múltiples y variadas escenas nos encontramos con fragmentos de su vida diaria, de sus actividades económicas e incluso podemos atisbar los rasgos de su organización social y de sus ideas religiosas.

  20. Uma vida em segredo: o livro e o filme

    OpenAIRE

    Nascimento, Geraldo; Fischer, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    This article derives from a reflection on language. It is part of a major work, still in process; presents an analysis oftwo versions of the same story: Uma vida em segredo, novel written by Autran Dourado and film directed by Suzana Amaral. Este artigo parte de uma reflexão sobre linguagens. Trata-se de um trabalho de pesquisa, ainda em construção, que reúne a leitura de duas versões da mesma história, uma literária e outra fílmica: Uma vida em segredo, novela de Autran Dourado, e filme h...

  1. Estilo de vida y enfermedad cardiovascular en el hombre

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Rondanelli, I.; Rafael Rondanelli, S.

    2014-01-01

    La Enfermedad Cardiovascular (ECV) es la primera causa de muerte en el mundo. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), el estilo de vida se basa en patrones de comportamiento identificables, determinados por la interacción entre las características personales individuales, las interacciones sociales y las condiciones de vida socioeconómicas y ambientales. La Encuesta Nacional de Salud (ENS) 2009-2010, del Ministerio de Salud Pública de Chile, entrega inquietante información rela...

  2. Calidad de vida de las personas mayores : el internamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Delgado Cordero, Ana María

    2004-01-01

    El hecho de alcanzar una determinada edad, en concreto la denominada ¿tercera edad¿, afecta al modo y condiciones de vida de la persona, y en definitiva, a su calidad de vida. En dichos cambios influyen factores de índole diversa: físico, familiares, sociales, económicos, de salud..., elementos todos ellos que, unidos, desembocan, en muchas ocasiones, en el internamiento en un Centro de ancianos. Esta práctica, tan habitual en nuestros días, no está exenta del control judicial y médico forens...

  3. Las trabajadoras de la salud: vida, trabajo y trastornos mentales

    OpenAIRE

    Noriega Mariano; Gutiérrez Guadalupe; Méndez Ignacio; Pulido Margarita

    2004-01-01

    Se estudió la relación entre condiciones de vida, trabajo y trastornos mentales en trabajadoras de la salud del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). La población se integró por médicas, enfermeras, personal de laboratorio y asistentes médicas (n = 170). La información principal se obtuvo de una encuesta, validada en población trabajadora mexicana. Se encontró que los trastornos mentales están relacionados con todos los ámbitos de la vida de las mujeres. En relación con el ámbito domés...

  4. Calidad de vida laboral en Centros Especiales de Empleo

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Aicua, Ángela

    2017-01-01

    La vida laboral supone un factor importante en la calidad de vida de las personas, propicia el bienestar social y las relaciones con el entorno. En el caso de las personas con discapacidad física el trabajo fomenta su autonomía personal, sin embargo, para lograr esto es necesario que los puestos estén adaptados a las necesidades de las personas. Los Centros Especiales de Empleo se crean en este contexto, dando acceso al trabajo a las personas con discapacidad que no puedan acceder a él de otr...

  5. Decisiones al final de la vida en México

    OpenAIRE

    Edith González Moreno

    2015-01-01

    El presente ensayo aborda el tema de las decisiones al final de la vida en México (incluyendo el tema de la muerte medi - camente asistida). 2 Las reflexiones parten de algunos indicadores nacionales de mortalidad en nuestro país, donde el fenómeno de muerte en hospitales está apenas siendo igualado al número de muertes que venían ocurriendo fuera de ellos. Por lo anterior y a diferencia de otros países, el foco de atención en las cuestiones relacionadas con el final de la vida no deber...

  6. A última escolha: repensar a morte em vida

    OpenAIRE

    Roque, Margarida Abenta

    2010-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Filosofia, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2010 A presente dissertação de mestrado em Filosofia, intitulada A última escolha: repensar a morte em vida, consistirá numa análise expositiva de natureza ética das opções de final de vida que se colocam aos indivíduos doentes ou em estado terminal, abstendo-se de juízos de matriz legal ou jurídica. Tomando Peter Singer como autor de referência intelectual nesta dissertação, o nosso ponto de partida cons...

  7. Personalidades vocacionais e processos de carreira na vida adulta

    OpenAIRE

    Magalhães, Mauro de Oliveira; Gomes, William B.

    2007-01-01

    Esta pesquisa abordou a relação entre interesses vocacionais e os processos de comprometimento e entrincheiramento na carreira em diferentes fases da vida. Uma amostra de 733 profissionais (415 homens e 318 mulheres) respondeu a medidas de comprometimento e de entrincheiramento na carreira. Os sujeitos foram categorizados de acordo com o interesse vocacional predominante na tipologia de Holland. As análises revelaram interação entre estágio de vida e personalidade vocacional para os escores d...

  8. Infertilidad masculina, estilo de vida y nutrición

    OpenAIRE

    Velicia Izquierdo, Andrea

    2012-01-01

    La reproducción es un aspecto de vital importancia en nuestras vidas. Por ello, es importante analizar la posible relación de los estilos de vida actuales, con el aumento de la infertilidad masculina en las últimas décadas. Material y métodos: Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda exhaustiva en las principales bases de datos científicas (Pubmed, Science direct y The Cochrane Library). Se descartaron los estudios que no cumplían los criterios de inclusión, y se procedió a analizar los resultados de ...

  9. Las historias de vida como artes formadores de la existencia

    OpenAIRE

    González Monteagudo, José

    2009-01-01

    En este artículo discutimos algunas dimensiones epistemoló- gicas e históricas sobre las historias de vida. Hacemos un repaso histórico de las relaciones entre los discursos y los itinerarios vitales, desde la época premoderna a la modernidad y la postmodernidad. Las historias de vida se han consolidado como prácticas de investigación y de formación, superando las críticas realizadas desde los saberes disciplinares conservadores. En este repaso histórico, son hitos importantes ...

  10. Breton-Cortázar: vida de los objetos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Mora

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo estudia la vida de los objetos a partir de las correspon-dencias entre Breton y Cortázar. Por un lado, reflexiona sobre el porqué de restituir al objeto su sentido en pro del descubrimien-to de su ser poético; por el otro, da luz al diálogo fundamental que existe entre ambos para una mejor comprensión del mundo de Oliveira en Rayuela, como de la actitud poética que eligieron a la hora de transfigurar la realidad en nombre de la vida.

  11. IgG(1) antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) antibodies in coeliac patients with selective IgA deficiency. Working Groups on Celiac Disease of SIGEP and Club del Tenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataldo, F; Lio, D; Marino, V; Picarelli, A; Ventura, A; Corazza, G R

    2000-09-01

    In selective IgA deficiency (IgAD), there is no reliable screening test for coeliac disease (CD). To evaluate the usefulness of IgG(1) antiendomysium and IgG antitissue transglutaminase tests for CD diagnosis in IgAD. IgA and IgG antigliadin antibodies (IgA- and IgG-AGA), IgA and IgG(1) antiendomysium antibodies (IgA- and IgG(1)-EMA), and IgA and IgG antitissue transglutaminase (IgA- and IgG-anti-tTG) were assayed in: (a) 20 untreated IgAD/CD patients; (b) 34 IgAD/CD patients on a strict gluten free diet (GFD); (c) 10 IgAD/CD patients not on a strict GFD; (d) 11 untreated CD patients without IgAD; (e) 10 healthy IgAD patients; and (f) 25 healthy controls. In all untreated IgAD/CD patients, IgG(1)-EMA, IgG-anti-tTG, and IgG-AGA were positive whereas IgA antibodies against these antigens were negative. IgAD/CD patients on a strict GFD did not produce IgG-AGA or IgG(1)-EMA but four of 34 produced IgG anti-tTG. IgAD/CD subjects not on a strict GFD produced IgG-AGA whereas 5/10 and 4/10 were IgG(1)- EMA and IgG-anti-tTG negative, respectively. Untreated CD patients without IgAD were AGA (IgA and IgG), EMA (IgA and IgG(1)), and anti-tTG (IgA and IgG) positive. Healthy controls were AGA and EMA negative whereas two of 10 apparently healthy IgAD subjects and one of 25 healthy negative control were IgG-anti-tTG positive. Both IgG(1)-EMA and IgG-anti-tTG tests appear to be useful for identification of IgAD/CD patients whereas they are less satisfactory for monitoring dietary compliance in these subjects. In addition, our findings seem to suggest that IgG-EMA autoantibodies produced by coeliac patients are mainly of the IgG(1) subtype.

  12. The importance of IgG4 screening in patients diagnosed with primary sclerosing cholangitis in the past: A case rediagnosed as IgG4-SC after 10 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yanni; Zhou, Lu; Zhao, Xin; Song, Wenjing; Karunaratna, Nathasha; Wang, Bangmao

    2016-12-01

    While primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) has been recognized for decades, immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) has been correctly diagnosed only in recent years. PSC and IgG4-SC show similar clinical symptoms, serologic markers, and imaging results, but the treatment strategies and prognosis of patients differ. Here, we present the case report of a patient diagnosed with PSC for 10 years and rediagnosed with IgG4-SC recently, to emphasize the importance of screening serum IgG4 levels in patients with previous diagnosis of PSC. A 57-year-old woman with 10-year history of PSC was hospitalized due to pruritus. In 2004, the patient underwent cholecystectomy and cholangioenterostomy because of unexplained jaundice with pancreatic swelling. In the last 10 years, her liver enzyme levels were continuously elevated. The latest liver function profile showed elevated alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and total bilirubin. IgG4 was 3.69 (0.03-2.01 g/L). Immunohistochemical staining of the surgical specimen showed >10 IgG4-positive plasma cells per high-power field, and IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cells >40%. She was treated with prednisone 40 mg once-daily and the dose was gradually tapered. The patient remains well after 18 months. Patients with IgG4-SC may be misdiagnosed as PSC due to lack of IgG4 screening. It is important to perform IgG4 screening in patients diagnosed as PSC. Steroid is effective to prevent disease progression in these patients.

  13. IgG1 and IgG4 antibody responses to the Anopheles gambiae salivary protein gSG6 in the sympatric ethnic groups Mossi and Fulani in a malaria hyperhendemic area of Burkina Faso.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia Rizzo

    Full Text Available Human antibody response to the Anopheles gambiae salivary protein gSG6 has recently emerged as a potentially useful tool for malaria epidemiological studies and for the evaluation of vector control interventions. However, the current understanding of the host immune response to mosquito salivary proteins and of the possible crosstalk with early response to Plasmodium parasites is still very limited. We report here the analysis of IgG1 and IgG4 subclasses among anti-gSG6 IgG responders belonging to Mossi and Fulani from Burkina Faso, two ethnic groups which are known for their differential humoral response to parasite antigens and for their different susceptibility to malaria. The IgG1 antibody response against the gSG6 protein was comparable in the two groups. On the contrary, IgG4 titers were significantly higher in the Fulani where, in addition, anti-gSG6 IgG4 antibodies appeared in younger children and the ratio IgG4/IgG1 stayed relatively stable throughout adulthood. Both gSG6-specific IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies showed a tendency to decrease with age whereas, as expected, the IgG response to the Plasmodium circumsporozoite protein (CSP exhibited an opposite trend in the same individuals. These observations are in line with the idea that the An. gambiae gSG6 salivary protein induces immune tolerance, especially after intense and prolonged exposure as is the case for the area under study, suggesting that gSG6 may trigger in exposed individuals a Th2-oriented immune response.

  14. Prospective evaluation of an Australian pertussis toxin IgG and IgA enzyme immunoassay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Meryta L; Doi, Suhail A; King, David; Evans, Jenny; Robson, Jennifer M

    2012-02-01

    Serological diagnosis of recent pertussis infection is an important part of both clinical assessment and epidemiological documentation of this disease. Standardization of serological testing and interpretation remains challenging despite international efforts to improve it. Currently, determining the anti-pertussis toxin (PT) IgG titer is recommended as the most accurate serological test in Europe and the United States, while Australia relies predominantly on measurement of Bordetella pertussis IgA antibody responses. Using B. pertussis PCR and the WHO clinical case definition as reference standards, the diagnostic utility of in-house anti-PT IgG and anti-PT IgA assays was evaluated prospectively in an Australian community-based cohort (n = 327). Patients provided up to four consecutive serum samples to document the kinetics of antibody response and decay. Previously validated cutoffs for positivity were converted to international units by using WHO-approved reference sera. At currently used cutoffs, both anti-PT IgG (>94 IU/ml) and anti-PT IgA (>20 IU/ml) assays had good specificity (80% [95% confidence interval {95% CI}, 68 to 88%] and 87% [95% CI, 77 to 94%]), but anti-PT IgG assay was consistently more sensitive than anti-PT IgA assay across a range of cutoffs (60 to 79% [95% CI, 53 to 84%] versus 41 to 62% [95% CI, 34 to 69%]). The combination of anti-PT IgG and anti-PT IgA assays performed no better than anti-PT IgG assay alone. The anti-PT IgA response in children under 12 years of age was poor. The accuracy of serology was optimal between 2 and 8 weeks after symptom onset. Cutoffs of >94 IU/ml for anti-PT IgG and >20 IU/ml for anti-PT IgA correlated well with recent pertussis infection and were consistent with recent recommendations from the EU Pertstrain group. Anti-PT IgG assay was superior to anti-PT IgA assay as the test of choice for the diagnosis of pertussis from a single sample.

  15. [IgG4-related disease: a possible cause of obstructive jaundice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreillon, M; Yan, P; Buss, G; Bart, P-A

    2015-04-08

    Immunoglobulin G4 related disease (IgG4-RD) has been recognized since early 2000s as an entity comprising a set of inflammatory diseases with common histopathological features. The disease may affect almost all organs and tissues, and often occurs in a subacute fashion in males over 50 years as a mass or diffuse enlargement of affected organs. The histopathological appearance is characterized by a lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with predominantly IgG4-positive plasma cells and progressive fibrosis. Its clinical and radiological features can make the distinction with a malignancy difficult. The disease responds well to systemic glucocorticoids however with a high rate of recurrence after treatment discontinuation.

  16. Antigliadin Antibodies (AGA IgG) Are Related to Neurochemistry in Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Laura M; Demyanovich, Haley K; Wijtenburg, S Andrea; Eaton, William W; Rodriguez, Katrina; Gaston, Frank; Cihakova, Daniela; Talor, Monica V; Liu, Fang; McMahon, Robert R; Hong, L Elliot; Kelly, Deanna L

    2017-01-01

    Inflammation may play a role in schizophrenia; however, subgroups with immune regulation dysfunction may serve as distinct illness phenotypes with potential different treatment and prevention strategies. Emerging data show that about 30% of people with schizophrenia have elevated antigliadin antibodies of the IgG type, representing a possible subgroup of schizophrenia patients with immune involvement. Also, recent data have shown a high correlation of IgG-mediated antibodies between the periphery and cerebral spinal fluid in schizophrenia but not healthy controls, particularly AGA IgG suggesting that these antibodies may be crossing the blood-brain barrier with resulting neuroinflammation. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a non-invasive technique that allows the quantification of certain neurochemicals in vivo that may proxy inflammation in the brain such as myoinositol and choline-containing compounds (glycerophosphorylcholine and phosphorylcholine). The objective of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship between serum AGA IgG levels and MRS neurochemical levels. We hypothesized that higher AGA IgG levels would be associated with higher levels of myoinositol and choline-containing compounds (glycerophosphorylcholine plus phosphorylcholine; GPC + PC) in the anterior cingulate cortex. Thirty-three participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder had blood drawn and underwent neuroimaging using MRS within 9 months. We found that 10/33 (30%) had positive AGA IgG (≥20 U) similar to previous findings. While there were no significant differences in myoinositol and GPC + PC levels between patients with and without AGA IgG positivity, there were significant relationships between both myoinositol (r = 0.475, p = 0.007) and GPC + PC (r = 0.36, p = 0.045) with AGA IgG levels. This study shows a possible connection of AGA IgG antibodies to putative brain inflammation as measured

  17. Decreased HHV-6 IgG in Alzheimer’s Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Westman, Gabriel; Blomberg, Jonas; Yun, Zhibing; Lannfelt, Lars; Ingelsson, Martin; Eriksson, Britt-Marie

    2017-01-01

    Human herpesviruses have previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but whether they are causal, facilitating, or confounding factors is yet to be established. A total of 50 AD subjects and 52 non-demented (ND) controls were analyzed in a multiplex assay for IgG reactivity toward herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6). The HHV-6 IgG reactivity was significantly lower in AD subjects compar...

  18. Antigliadin Antibodies (AGA IgG Are Related to Neurochemistry in Schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M. Rowland

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Inflammation may play a role in schizophrenia; however, subgroups with immune regulation dysfunction may serve as distinct illness phenotypes with potential different treatment and prevention strategies. Emerging data show that about 30% of people with schizophrenia have elevated antigliadin antibodies of the IgG type, representing a possible subgroup of schizophrenia patients with immune involvement. Also, recent data have shown a high correlation of IgG-mediated antibodies between the periphery and cerebral spinal fluid in schizophrenia but not healthy controls, particularly AGA IgG suggesting that these antibodies may be crossing the blood–brain barrier with resulting neuroinflammation. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS is a non-invasive technique that allows the quantification of certain neurochemicals in vivo that may proxy inflammation in the brain such as myoinositol and choline-containing compounds (glycerophosphorylcholine and phosphorylcholine. The objective of this exploratory study was to examine the relationship between serum AGA IgG levels and MRS neurochemical levels. We hypothesized that higher AGA IgG levels would be associated with higher levels of myoinositol and choline-containing compounds (glycerophosphorylcholine plus phosphorylcholine; GPC + PC in the anterior cingulate cortex. Thirty-three participants with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder had blood drawn and underwent neuroimaging using MRS within 9 months. We found that 10/33 (30% had positive AGA IgG (≥20 U similar to previous findings. While there were no significant differences in myoinositol and GPC + PC levels between patients with and without AGA IgG positivity, there were significant relationships between both myoinositol (r = 0.475, p = 0.007 and GPC + PC (r = 0.36, p = 0.045 with AGA IgG levels. This study shows a possible connection of AGA IgG antibodies to putative brain

  19. Impacto de la promoción de estilos de vida saludable para mejorar la calidad de vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Guadalupe Vallejo Alviter

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es el resultado de un proceso investigativo llevado a cabo en la secundaria José Martí en la comunidad Mesa de Guadalupe, perteneciente al Estado de Veracruz en México; la investigación tuvo como objetivo conocer si la promoción de estilos de vida saludables impacta de manera positiva en la conducta de los adolescentes de dicha Institución. Se llevó a cabo un taller que se elaboró a partir de un diagnóstico realizado a los adolescentes mediante un cuestionario de estilos de vida. Los resultados muestran que disminuyó el alto riesgo en las diferentes áreas que contiene el cuestionario, por tanto, concluimos que la promoción de estilos de vida saludable impacta positivamente a los adolescentes modificando conductas y hábitos que ponen en riesgo su salud.

  20. Impacto de la promoción de estilos de vida saludable para mejorar la calidad de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole Guadalupe Vallejo Alviter; Eduardo Martínez Moctezuma

    2017-01-01

    Este artículo es el resultado de un proceso investigativo llevado a cabo en la secundaria José Martí en la comunidad Mesa de Guadalupe, perteneciente al Estado de Veracruz en México; la investigación tuvo como objetivo conocer si la promoción de estilos de vida saludables impacta de manera positiva en la conducta de los adolescentes de dicha Institución. Se llevó a cabo un taller que se elaboró a partir de un diagnóstico realizado a los adolescentes mediante un cuestionario de estilos de vida...

  1. Allergen specificity of IgG(4)-expressing B cells in patients with grass pollen allergy undergoing immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Louisa K; Bowen, Holly; Calvert, Rosaleen A; Dodev, Tihomir S; Shamji, Mohamed H; Beavil, Andrew J; McDonnell, James M; Durham, Stephen R; Gould, Hannah J

    2012-09-01

    Serum IgG(4) responses to allergen immunotherapy are well documented as blocking allergen binding to receptor-bound IgE on antigen-presenting cells and effector cells, but the molecular characteristics of treatment-induced IgG(4), particularly in relation to expressed antibody, are poorly defined. We aimed to clone and express recombinant IgG(4) from patients receiving grass pollen immunotherapy using single B cells to obtain matched heavy- and light-chain pairs. IgG(4)(+) B cells were enriched from blood samples taken from 5 patients receiving grass pollen immunotherapy. Matched heavy- and light-chain variable-region sequences were amplified from single IgG(4)(+) B cells. Variable regions were cloned and expressed as recombinant IgG(4). Binding analysis of grass pollen-specific IgG(4) was performed by using surface plasmon resonance. Functional assays were used to determine IgE blocking activity. In a separate experiment grass pollen-specific antibodies were depleted from serum samples to determine the proportion of grass pollen-specific IgG(4) within total IgG(4). Depletion of grass pollen-specific antibodies from serum led to a modest reduction in total IgG(4) levels. Matched heavy- and light-chain sequences were cloned from single IgG(4)(+) B cells and expressed as recombinant IgG(4). We identified an IgG(4) that binds with extremely high affinity to the grass pollen allergen Phl p 7. Furthermore, we found that a single specific mAb can block IgE-mediated facilitated allergen presentation, as well as IgE-mediated basophil activation. Although increases in IgG(4) levels cannot be wholly accounted for within the allergen-specific fraction, allergen immunotherapy might result in the production of high-affinity allergen-specific blocking IgG(4). Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. [IgG(4)-related disease involving the trachea and paratracheal soft tissue: a case report and literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, W L; Wang, H J; Lu, Y W; Feng, R E; Bu, X N; Fang, Q H

    2017-03-01

    Objective: To investigate the clinical data of a patient with IgG(4)-related disease involving the trachea and paratracheal soft tissue and review the literature so as to improve the understanding level of the disorder. Methods: To analyze the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, imaging, histopathology, treatment and prognosis of a patient with IgG(4)-related disease trachea and paratracheal soft tissue involved, who was admitted to the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital. The relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: A 18-year-old female was admitted with chief complaint of cough, dyspnea, and neck mass. Neck CT suggested that tracheal stenosis was caused by surrounded soft tissue. Paratracheal mass biopsy showed dense collagen fibers with infiltration of many lymphocytes and plasma cells. Immunohistochemical stain found that IgG(4)-positive plasma cells were >50/high power field (HPF) and a ratio of IgG(4)/IgG positive cells was over 40% .The level of serum IgG(4) was significantly increased (2 930 mg/L). She was diagnosed as IgG(4)-related disease. The patient was treated with 80 mg intravenous methylprednisolone per day for three days, then prednisone 40 mg daily oral. Her dyspnea was significantly relieved.One month later, CT scan showed that the cervical tracheal stenosis was significantly improved. We identified 20 cases of IgG(4)-related disease involving the trachea and paratracheal soft tissue from databases, in which only 1 case was similar as this patient. The other 19 cases were of extratracheal involvement. Elevated serum IgG(4) was detected in 11/12 patients. Most patients were treated with glucocorticoid, some combined with immunosuppressive agents and rituximab. The clinical outcome was good. Conclusion: IgG(4)-related disease involving the trachea and paratracheal soft tissue is a rare condition. Serum IgG(4) level and histopathology should be considered for diagnosis. Glucocorticoid is

  3. Selective Subnormal IgG1 in 54 Adult Index Patients with Frequent or Severe Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, James C; Bertoli, Luigi F; Barton, J Clayborn; Acton, Ronald T

    2016-01-01

    We characterized 54 adult index patients with reports of frequent or severe bacterial respiratory tract infections at diagnosis of selective subnormal IgG1. Mean age was 50 ± 13 (SD) y; 87.0% were women. Associated disorders included the following: autoimmune conditions 50.0%; hypothyroidism 24.1%; atopy 38.9%; and other allergy 31.5%. In 35.5%, proportions of protective S. pneumoniae serotype-specific IgG levels did not increase after polyvalent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination (PPPV). Blood lymphocyte subset levels were within reference limits in most patients. Regressions on IgG1 and IgG3 revealed no significant association with age, sex, autoimmune conditions, hypothyroidism, atopy, other allergy, corticosteroid therapy, or lymphocyte subsets. Regression on IgG2 revealed significant associations with PPPV response (negative) and CD19+ lymphocytes (positive). Regression on IgG4 revealed significant positive associations with episodic corticosteroid use and IgA. Regression on IgA revealed positive associations with IgG2 and IgG4. Regression on IgM revealed negative associations with CD56+/CD16+ lymphocytes. Regressions on categories of infection revealed a negative association of urinary tract infections and IgG1. HLA-A(⁎)03, HLA-B(⁎)55 and HLA-A(⁎)24, HLA-B(⁎)35 haplotype frequencies were greater in 38 patients than 751 controls. We conclude that nonprotective S. pneumoniae IgG levels and atopy contribute to increased susceptibility to respiratory tract infections in patients with selective subnormal IgG1.

  4. Catalase activity of IgG antibodies from the sera of healthy donors and patients with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ermakov, Evgeny A; Smirnova, Ludmila P; Bokhan, Nikolay A; Semke, Arkadiy V; Ivanova, Svetlana A; Buneva, Valentina N; Nevinsky, Georgy A

    2017-01-01

    We present first evidence showing that some electrophoretically homogeneous IgGs from the sera of patients with schizophrenia (36.4%) and their Fab and F(ab)2 fragments as well as from healthy donors (33.3%) possess catalase activity. The relative catalase activity of IgGs from the sera of individual schizophrenia patients (and healthy donors) significantly varied from patient to patient, but the activity of IgGs from healthy donors is on average 15.8-fold lower than that for schizophrenia patients. After extensive dialysis of purified IgGs against EDTA chelating metal ions, the relative catalase activity of IgGs decreases on average approximately 2.5-3.7-fold; all IgGs possess metal-dependent and independent catalase activity. The addition of external Me2+ ions to dialyzed and non-dialyzed IgGs leads to a significant increase in their activity. The best activator of dialyzed and non-dialyzed IgGs is Co2+, the activation by Cu2+, Mn2+, and Ni2+ ions were rare and always lower than by Co2+. Every IgG preparation demonstrates several individual sets of very well expressed pH optima in the pH range from 4.0 to 9.5. These data speak for the individual repertoire of catalase IgGs in every person and an extreme diversity of abzymes in their pH optima and activation by different metal ions. It is known that antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutases, catalases, and glutathione peroxidases represent critical defense mechanisms preventing oxidative modifications of DNA, proteins, and lipids. Catalase activity of human IgGs could probably also play a major role in the protection of organisms from oxidative stress and toxic compounds.

  5. Detection of FMD virus type specific IgG1, IgG2 and IgA antibodies in milk and serum of buffaloes vaccinated with oil adjuvanted polyvalent FMD vaccine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Sharma

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation was carried out on 15 randomly selected milch buffaloes divided into three groups on the basis of lactation at an organized farm, to study the foot and mouth disease virus type specific antibodies in milk and serum following FMD vaccination. Milk and serum samples collected before vaccination i.e. 0 day and on 7, 14, 28, 42 and 56 days post vaccination, were analyzed for the detection of FMD virus specific IgG1, IgG2 and IgA antibody response by indirect double antibody sandwich ELISA. Significant FMD virus type specific antibody titres (IgG1, IgG2 and IgA were detected in milk and serum of buffaloes on different days post vaccination, though the levels of antibodies were lower in milk as compared to serum. FMD virus type specific IgG1 was found to be the predominant subclass as compared to IgG2 and IgA both in milk and serum of vaccinated buffaloes. Milk and serum IgG1, IgG2 and IgA antibody titres were positively correlated with values of regression coefficient (R as 0.506, 0.434 and 0.396, respectively.

  6. Vida política y vida literaria : inventario de 1902-1931

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Mainer

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Los treinta años de vida española que transcurren de 1902 a 1931 constituyen un período de conflictos —latentes o expresos— a los que caracteriza, por encima de todo, una conciencia de frustración histórica y a los que sacuden las búsquedas extremistas de solución para los males de la patria: de raíz autoritaria y tradicionalista las unas, de ascedencia milenarista y utópica las otras, de corte europeizante y modernizador aquellas pocas. Todas se empeñan en resolver a su modo términos del problema que son sustancialmente idénticos y que casi siempre reconocen como punto de partida el dilema tradición-innovación. Ninguna, empero, logra prevalecer sobre las otras y si lo hace es tributando enormes tensiones a la convivencia nacional y propiciando aquella idea —que no deja de ser una forma de ideológica percepción del país— que siente la coexistencia difícil de varias Españas; la imagen federal frente a la unitaria, la católica frente a la laica, la europea frente a la etnocéntrica, la rural frente a la urbana, la racionalista frente a la intuitiva.

  7. Human IgG3 with extended half-life does not improve Fc-gamma receptor-mediated cancer antibody therapies in mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rens Braster

    Full Text Available Current anti-cancer therapeutic antibodies that are used in the clinic are predominantly humanized or fully human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1. These antibodies bind with high affinity to the target antigen and are efficient in activating the immune system via IgG Fc receptors and/or complement. In addition to IgG1, three more isotypes are present in humans, of which IgG3 has been found to be superior compared to human IgG1 in inducing antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC, phagocytosis or activation of complement in some models. Nonetheless, no therapeutic human IgG3 mAbs have been developed due to the short in vivo half-life of most known IgG3 allotypes. In this manuscript, we compared the efficacy of V-gene matched IgG1 and IgG3 anti-tumour mAb (TA99 in mice, using natural variants of human IgG3 with short- or long half-life, differing only at position 435 with an arginine or histidine, respectively.In vitro human IgG1 and IgG3 did not show any differences in opsonisation ability of B16F10-gp75 mouse melanoma cells. IgG1, however, was superior in inducing phagocytosis of tumour cells by mouse macrophages. Similarly, in a mouse peritoneal metastasis model we did not detect an improved effect of IgG3 in preventing tumour outgrowth. Moreover, replacing the arginine at position 435 for a histidine in IgG3 to enhance half-life did not result in better suppression of tumour outgrowth compared to wild type IgG3 when injected prior to tumour cell injection.In conclusion, human IgG3 does not have improved therapeutic efficacy compared to human IgG1 in a mouse tumour model.

  8. Estilo de vida y enfermedad cardiovascular en el hombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. I. Rafael Rondanelli

    2014-01-01

    Los cambios hacia un estilo de vida cardiosaludable en el hombre adulto, deberían comenzar por el control médico preventivo a partir de los 30 años de edad y considerar en general, actividad física regular, nutrición cardiosaludable, suspensión completa del tabaquismo y control del peso corporal.

  9. Qualidade de vida, ponto de partida ou resultado final?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alby Duarte Rocha

    Full Text Available O que é qualidade de vida e o quanto podemos medir dela? Pensa-se em qualidade de vida como resultado das políticas públicas e desenvolvimento de uma sociedade, onde os determinantes socioambientais se manifestam como atributo de seus atores. Ao mesmo tempo, pode-se entender esta idéia no outro extremo da análise, a partir da percepção de uma população protagonista de sua realidade, do que vem a ser qualidade de vida segundo ela mesma. Partindo-se dos aspectos conceituais de qualidade de vida, passou-se a adotar os conceitos de diferenciais intra-urbanos como a melhor maneira de caracterizar os desajustes e as desigualdades urbanas, para assim entender os componentes da iniqüidade desse meio. A primeira iniciativa marcou a utilização do método genebrino ou distancial. Hoje, já na segunda versão desse método, incorporou-se a esse contexto outras metodologias que possibilitam maior consistência de análise para ampliar a validade dessas medições. Soma-se a esse contexto, a análise de cluster e o Sistema de Informações Geográficas, tanto no cenário intra-urbano, quanto intermunicipal.

  10. Salud bucodental y calidad de vida oral en los mayores

    OpenAIRE

    Meneses Gómez, Edwin Jaritzon

    2011-01-01

    EL objetivo principal de este estudio es analizar la relación entre salud, enfermedad y calidad de vida bucodental, de los pacientes adultos mayores que acuden a la recepción de la clínica de adultos de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid, mediante la aplicación de test estadísticos.

  11. Holy Motors: da experiência de ser em vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Karam

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio se articula a partir da curiosidade e do encantamento em relação ao filme Holy Motors de Leos Carax, tendo em vista a sua potência como narrativa e experiência da imaginação do cinema, e da própria vida.

  12. História da vida privada no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Fausto

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available História da vida privada no Brasil. Vol. 1 de 3. Dirección de Fernando Novais, organización de este volumen: Laura de Mello e Souza. Sao Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1997. 560 páginas.

  13. La calidad de vida del adulto mayor con Artritis Reumatoidea

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Clara Gallardo; Margarita Sánchez; Mery Rodríguez

    2017-01-01

    Objetivo determinar la atención de Enfermería y su incidencia en la calidad de vida del adulto mayor con artritis reumatoidea atendidos en el subcentro de salud de Ambatillo en el período Julio – Diciembre 2013. Métodos y materiales...

  14. Hacer Vida. First Year Evaluation Report, 1970-71.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riverside County Superintendent of Schools, CA.

    Project "Hacer Vida" is a bilingual educational program developed jointly by 7 cooperating school districts in Riverside County, California, with a combined enrollment of over 18,000 students, of which 50% have a direct need for bilingual education. The project's main goal is the development of bilingually competent individuals with sufficient…

  15. Fatores associados com a qualidade de vida de homens idosos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Inquérito domiciliário, transversal e analítico que objetivou descrever as características sociodemográficas, de saúde e a qualidade de vida de homens idosos e verificar os fatores socioeconômicos e de saúde associados à qualidade de vida. Participaram 804 homens idosos. Os dados foram coletados pelos instrumentos: Older Americans Resources and Services(OARS, World Health Organization Quality of Life - Bref (WHOQOL-BREF e Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults(WHOQOL-OLD. Foram realizados análise descritiva, teste t-Student, correlação de Pearson e regressão linear múltipla (p <0,05. Predominaram idosos com 60├ 70 anos, casados, 4├ 8 anos de estudo e renda de um salário mínimo. Os menores escores de qualidade de vida foram no domínio físico e na faceta autonomia e estiveram associados a ausência de companheira e de escolaridade, baixa renda, maior número de morbidades e incapacidade funcional. A incapacidade funcional foi o que mais influenciou a qualidade de vida, excetuando-se o domínio físico e a faceta intimidade.

  16. IgG4-related systemic disease affecting the parotid and submandibular glands: magnetic resonance imaging features of IgG4-related chronic sclerosing sialadenitis and concomitant lymphadenitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cocker, Laurens J; D'Arco, Felice; De Beule, Tom; Tousseyn, Thomas; Blockmans, Daniel; Hermans, Robert

    2014-01-01

    IgG4-related systemic disease (IgG4-RSD) is a recently recognised fibroinflammatory condition, characterized by a tissue infiltration and/or enlargement and typical histopathological findings. We report on a 73-year-old male with bilateral preauricular swelling and a remote history of unexplained systemic disease. Magnetic resonance imaging showed enlargement of all major salivary glands and cervical lymph node due to a tissue infiltration with marked enhancement and restricted diffusion. Elevated serum IgG4 levels and histopathological findings on an excisional lymph node biopsy were consistent with IgG4-RSD. Magnetic resonance imaging seems to be a useful tool to support the diagnosis of IgG4-related systemic disease of salivary glands. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Quantitative analysis of the IgG and IgG subclass immune responses to chromosomal Pseudomonas aeruginosa beta-lactamase in serum from patients with cystic fibrosis by western blotting and laser scanning densitometry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, T D; Ciofu, O; Pressler, T

    1996-01-01

    lung infection with P aeruginosa was further investigated by correlating the a beta ab IgG subclasses with pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgG subclass a beta ab were investigated by western blotting and quantified by laser scanning densitometry......BACKGROUND: Antibodies against chromosomal beta-lactamase of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (a beta ab) are markers of the development of resistance of P aeruginosa to beta-lactam antibiotics in patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic lung infection. The role of these antibodies in patients with chronic....... A longitudinal study on 43 consecutive patients with cystic fibrosis who developed chronic lung infection with P aeruginosa was performed. RESULTS: IgG subclass a beta ab appeared in all patients with chronic infection with P aeruginosa. Eleven years after the onset of infection all the patients had IgG1, 79...

  18. De una vida amenazada a una vida anhelada: Atisbos a una teología de la vida en diálogo con la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Toutin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En el seminario interno de la Facultad nos hemos interrogado acerca de la vida, ese misterio fascinante y vulnerable a la vez. En ese marco, hemos querido escuchar la voz de los escritores, en dos novelas. Pedro Páramo (1955 del escritor mexicano Juan Rulfo (1917-1986 y La Amortajada (1938 de la escritora chilena María Luisa Bombal (1910-1980. En ambos casos sus protagonistas nos hablan desde el otro lado del sentido de la vida, desde la muerte, pero para radicalizar la pregunta acerca del sentido de la vida, de los encuentros que las han marcado, del cuerpo como mediación de esos encuentros. Un diálogo desde estas figuras del más allá de la vida en las que resuenan con una honda actualidad las grandes temáticas escatológicas de la teología paulina, acerca de la vida eterna como un estar para siempre con el Señor, y acerca del cuerpo con el que resucitaremosLife, that mystery at once fascinating and vulnerable, was examined at a recent faculty seminar. Within this framework, the author of this article endeavors to listen to the voice of the writers of two novels: Pedro Páramo (1955 by the Mexican writer Juan Rulfo (1917-1986, and La amortajada ["The Shrouded Woman"] (1938 by the Chilean writer María Luisa Bombal (1910-1980. In both cases the literary characters speak to us from the other side of the grave, in order to radicalize questions about life, about the meetings that have marked the characters, about the body as mediation of those meetings. Thus, a dialogue emerges from these figures beyond life, in which the great eschatological themes of Pauline theology resonate forcefully and, at the same time, permit a deep reflection upon eternal life as always being with the Lord, as well as regarding the kind of body with which we will rise again

  19. Suitability of Frozen Serum Stored in Gel Separator Primary Sampling Tubes for Serological Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa-Fraile, Manuel; Sampedro, Antonio; Rodríguez-Granger, Javier; Camacho, Enrique; Manrique, Ester

    2004-01-01

    The suitability of frozen serum after storage in primary sampling tubes with a gel separator for serological enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay testing (hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBs Ag], anti-HBs Ag, anti-Toxoplasma gondii immunoglobulin G [IgG], anti-rubella virus IgG, anti-cytomegalovirus IgM, and anti-Epstein-Barr virus IgM) was evaluated for 375 samples. No difference was found among test results using fresh or stored frozen serum

  20. MuSK myasthenia gravis IgG4 disrupts the interaction of LRP4 with MuSK but both IgG4 and IgG1-3 can disperse preformed agrin-independent AChR clusters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga Koneczny

    Full Text Available A variable proportion of patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG have autoantibodies to muscle specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK. During development agrin, released from the motor nerve, interacts with low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-4 (LRP4, which then binds to MuSK; MuSK interaction with the intracellular protein Dok7 results in clustering of the acetylcholine receptors (AChRs on the postsynaptic membrane. In mature muscle, MuSK helps maintain the high density of AChRs at the neuromuscular junction. MuSK antibodies are mainly IgG4 subclass, which does not activate complement and can be monovalent, thus it is not clear how the antibodies cause disruption of AChR numbers or function to cause MG. We hypothesised that MuSK antibodies either reduce surface MuSK expression and/or inhibit the interaction with LRP4. We prepared MuSK IgG, monovalent Fab fragments, IgG1-3 and IgG4 fractions from MuSK-MG plasmas. We asked whether the antibodies caused endocytosis of MuSK in MuSK-transfected cells or if they inhibited binding of LRP4 to MuSK in co-immunoprecipitation experiments. In parallel, we investigated their ability to reduce AChR clusters in C2C12 myotubes induced by a agrin, reflecting neuromuscular development, and b by Dok7- overexpression, producing AChR clusters that more closely resemble the adult neuromuscular synapse. Total IgG, IgG4 or IgG1-3 MuSK antibodies were not endocytosed unless cross-linked by divalent anti-human IgG. MuSK IgG, Fab fragments and IgG4 inhibited the binding of LRP4 to MuSK and reduced agrin-induced AChR clustering in C2C12 cells. By contrast, IgG1-3 antibodies did not inhibit LRP4-MuSK binding but, surprisingly, did inhibit agrin-induced clustering. Moreover, both IgG4 and IgG1-3 preparations dispersed agrin-independent AChR clusters in Dok7-overexpressing C2C12 cells. Thus interference by IgG4 antibodies of the LRP4-MuSK interaction will be one pathogenic mechanism of MuSK antibodies, but IgG1

  1. MuSK myasthenia gravis IgG4 disrupts the interaction of LRP4 with MuSK but both IgG4 and IgG1-3 can disperse preformed agrin-independent AChR clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koneczny, Inga; Cossins, Judith; Waters, Patrick; Beeson, David; Vincent, Angela

    2013-01-01

    A variable proportion of patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) have autoantibodies to muscle specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK). During development agrin, released from the motor nerve, interacts with low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-4 (LRP4), which then binds to MuSK; MuSK interaction with the intracellular protein Dok7 results in clustering of the acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) on the postsynaptic membrane. In mature muscle, MuSK helps maintain the high density of AChRs at the neuromuscular junction. MuSK antibodies are mainly IgG4 subclass, which does not activate complement and can be monovalent, thus it is not clear how the antibodies cause disruption of AChR numbers or function to cause MG. We hypothesised that MuSK antibodies either reduce surface MuSK expression and/or inhibit the interaction with LRP4. We prepared MuSK IgG, monovalent Fab fragments, IgG1-3 and IgG4 fractions from MuSK-MG plasmas. We asked whether the antibodies caused endocytosis of MuSK in MuSK-transfected cells or if they inhibited binding of LRP4 to MuSK in co-immunoprecipitation experiments. In parallel, we investigated their ability to reduce AChR clusters in C2C12 myotubes induced by a) agrin, reflecting neuromuscular development, and b) by Dok7- overexpression, producing AChR clusters that more closely resemble the adult neuromuscular synapse. Total IgG, IgG4 or IgG1-3 MuSK antibodies were not endocytosed unless cross-linked by divalent anti-human IgG. MuSK IgG, Fab fragments and IgG4 inhibited the binding of LRP4 to MuSK and reduced agrin-induced AChR clustering in C2C12 cells. By contrast, IgG1-3 antibodies did not inhibit LRP4-MuSK binding but, surprisingly, did inhibit agrin-induced clustering. Moreover, both IgG4 and IgG1-3 preparations dispersed agrin-independent AChR clusters in Dok7-overexpressing C2C12 cells. Thus interference by IgG4 antibodies of the LRP4-MuSK interaction will be one pathogenic mechanism of MuSK antibodies, but IgG1-3 Mu

  2. High seropositivity of IgG and IgM antibodies against ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    bodies to their developing foetus, if pregnant. This may be due to the fact that IgG antibody is unique among the major immunoglobulin classes for its active transfer across maternal placenta25,31. Transmission of CMV is sexual24. Among the 59. (32.8%) HIV-1 seropositive individuals with single sex- ual partners, 5(8.5%) ...

  3. Effects of aerobic activity on serum IgG concentration in male physical education students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arshadi Arshadi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic activity on Serum IgG concentration. Consequently, 10 male physical education students with age ranging from 21 to 24 years old and mean body mass index 22.22 kg m2 volunteered to participate in this study. Aerobic activity was performed on bicycle ergometer for 30 minutes at intensity of 70 to 75 percent of maximum heart rate. Blood samples were obtained from subjects before and after aerobic activity. Changes in serum IgG concentration in pre-test and post-test were analyzed by dependent t-test using spss software. The results showed that aerobic activity not significantly effect on Serum IgG concentration (p=0.357. This study concludes that sub maximal aerobic activity does not affect on serum IgG concentration and there is no concern for athletes and coaches that sub maximal aerobic activity can impair immune function.

  4. IgG Responses to Tissue-Associated Antigens as Biomarkers of Immunological Treatment Efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heath A. Smith

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We previously demonstrated that IgG responses to a panel of 126 prostate tissue-associated antigens are common in patients with prostate cancer. In the current report we questioned whether changes in IgG responses to this panel might be used as a measure of immune response, and potentially antigen spread, following prostate cancer-directed immune-active therapies. Sera were obtained from prostate cancer patients prior to and three months following treatment with androgen deprivation therapy (=34, a poxviral vaccine (=31, and a DNA vaccine (=21. Changes in IgG responses to individual antigens were identified by phage immunoblot. Patterns of IgG recognition following three months of treatment were evaluated using a machine-learned Bayesian Belief Network (ML-BBN. We found that different antigens were recognized following androgen deprivation compared with vaccine therapies. While the number of clinical responders was low in the vaccine-treated populations, we demonstrate that ML-BBN can be used to develop potentially predictive models.

  5. Detection of Helicobacter pylori Reactive IgA and IgG Antibodies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods and patients: Fifty patients with idiopathic CU, twenty five of other skin disorder and ten healthy controls were enrolled estimated for serum H.pylori Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and A (IgA) antibodies levels using Enzyme Linked Immunsorbent Assay (ELISA). All the results were analyzed using the Microsoft Office Excel ...

  6. A prominent lack of IgG1-Fc fucosylation of platelet alloantibodies in pregnancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kapur, Rick; Kustiawan, Iwan; Vestrheim, Anne; Koeleman, Carolien A. M.; Visser, Remco; Einarsdottir, Helga K.; Porcelijn, Leendert; Jackson, Dave; Kumpel, Belinda; Deelder, André M.; Blank, Dennis; Skogen, Björn; Killie, Mette Kjaer; Michaelsen, Terje E.; de Haas, Masja; Rispens, Theo; van der Schoot, C. Ellen; Wuhrer, Manfred; Vidarsson, Gestur

    2014-01-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) formed during pregnancy against human platelet antigens (HPAs) of the fetus mediates fetal or neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). Because antibody titer or isotype does not strictly correlate with disease severity, we investigated by mass spectrometry variations in

  7. A prominent lack of IgG1-Fc fucosylation of platelet alloantibodies in pregnancy.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kapur, R.; Kustiawan, I.; Vestrheim, A.; Koeleman, C.A.; Visser, R.; Einarsdottir, H.K.; Porcelijn, L.; Jackson, D.; Kumpel, B.; Deelder, A.M.; Blank, D.; Skogen, B.; Killie, M.K.; Michaelsen, T.E.; de Haas, M.; Rispens, T.; van der Schoot, C.E.; Wuhrer, M.; Vidarsson, G.

    2014-01-01

    Immunoglobulin G (IgG) formed during pregnancy against human platelet antigens (HPAs) of the fetus mediates fetal or neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). Because antibody titer or isotype does not strictly correlate with disease severity, we investigated by mass spectrometry variations in

  8. Determination of IgG avidity in BALB/c mice experimentally infected with Toxocara canis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenardie, Elizandra Roselaine; Scaini, Carlos James; Avila, Luciana Farias da Costa de; Sperotto, Rita Leal; Borsuk, Sibele; Felicetti, Cristine Dias Pires; Pepe, Michele; Berne, Maria Elisabeth Aires

    2014-01-01

    Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease in that IgM titers can remain high for long periods making difficult to determine the stage of the disease. The aim of this study is to investigate the applicability of indirect ELISA, associated with urea, to discriminate between the acute and chronic toxocariasis. IgG avidity was evaluated in 25 BALB/c mice experimentally infected with 1000 Toxocara canis eggs. Blood samples were collected, and sera treated with 6 M urea and assayed by ELISA every two weeks. The percent IgG avidity was determined using the mean absorbance of sera treated with urea, divided by the mean absorbance of untreated sera. In the first 15 days post-inoculation, was observed a low percentage, between 7.25 and 27.5%, IgG avidity, characteristic of an acute infection. After 60 days of infection, all the mice showed between 31.4 and 58% IgG avidity, indicating a chronic infection.

  9. Human IgG1 antibodies suppress angiogenesis in a target-independent manner

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bogdanovich, Sasha; Kim, Younghee; Mizutani, Takeshi; Yasuma, Reo; Tudisco, Laura; Cicatiello, Valeria; Bastos-Carvalho, Ana; Kerur, Nagaraj; Hirano, Yoshio; Baffi, Judit Z; Tarallo, Valeria; Li, Shengjian; Yasuma, Tetsuhiro; Arpitha, Parthasarathy; Fowler, Benjamin J; Wright, Charles B; Apicella, Ivana; Greco, Adelaide; Brunetti, Arturo; Ruvo, Menotti; Sandomenico, Annamaria; Nozaki, Miho; Ijima, Ryo; Kaneko, Hiroki; Ogura, Yuichiro; Terasaki, Hiroko; Ambati, Balamurali K; Leusen, Jeanette HW; Langdon, Wallace Y; Clark, Michael R; Armour, Kathryn L; Bruhns, Pierre; Verbeek, J Sjef; Gelfand, Bradley D; De Falco, Sandro; Ambati, Jayakrishna

    2016-01-01

    Aberrant angiogenesis is implicated in diseases affecting nearly 10% of the world's population. The most widely used anti-angiogenic drug is bevacizumab, a humanized IgG1 monoclonal antibody that targets human VEGFA. Although bevacizumab does not recognize mouse Vegfa, it inhibits angiogenesis in

  10. Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in HIV/AIDS patients attending ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that gradually evolved to be the most opportunistic parasite that complicates the course of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Aim: This study was undertaken to investigate the presence of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies in HIVinfected patients ...

  11. Investigation of Hepatitis E Virus IgG Seroprevalence in Women of Reproductive Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal Özbek

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Hepatitis E virus (HEV infection can cause fa­tal hepatitis particularly in pregnant women. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the rate of anti HEV IgG se­roprevalence in women of childbearing age and whether there are differences in seroprevalence among people liv­ing in urban and rural areas or not. Methods: A total of 158 women volunteers aged 15-49 years living in rural or urban areas were included in this study. Anti-HEV IgG antibodies were performed with en­zyme immunoassay method. The obtained data were presented as numbers and percentages and statistically analyzed. Results: Anti-HAV IgG was detected positive in 41 of the 158 volunteers (25.9%. Anti-HEV IgG was found positive in 25 of the 92 volunteers living in urban areas (27.2% and in 16 of the 66 volunteers in rural areas (24.2%. Conclusion: In our city, HEV seroprevalence is above the average in Turkey. We think that epidemiological fac­tors should be investigated and that screening HEV serol­ogy can be useful in pregnancy monitoring. J Clin Exp Invest 2016; 7 (1: 69-72

  12. Raman spectroscopy based screening of IgG positive and negative sera for dengue virus infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilal, M.; Saleem, M.; Bial, Maria; Khan, Saranjam; Ullah, Rahat; Ali, Hina; Ahmed, M.; Ikram, Masroor

    2017-11-01

    A quantitative analysis for the screening of immunoglobulin-G (IgG) positive human sera samples is presented for the dengue virus infection. The regression model was developed using 79 samples while 20 samples were used to test the performance of the model. The R-square (r 2) value of 0.91 was found through a leave-one-sample-out cross validation method, which shows the validity of this model. This model incorporates the molecular changes associated with IgG. Molecular analysis based on regression coefficients revealed that myristic acid, coenzyme-A, alanine, arabinose, arginine, vitamin C, carotene, fumarate, galactosamine, glutamate, lactic acid, stearic acid, tryptophan and vaccenic acid are positively correlated with IgG; while amide III, collagen, proteins, fatty acids, phospholipids and fucose are negatively correlated. For blindly tested samples, an excellent agreement has been found between the model predicted, and the clinical values of IgG. The parameters, which include sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve, are found to be 100%, 83.3%, 95% and 0.99, respectively, which confirms the high quality of the model.

  13. Circulating immune complexes, immunoglobulin classes (IgG, IgA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective:- To evaluate serum levels of circulating immune complexes (CICs), immunoglobulin classes (IgG, IgA and IgM) and Complement Components (C3c, C4 and Factor B) in Nigerians with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design:- Case control study. Setting:- University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

  14. IgG and complement receptor expression in children treated by peritoneal dialysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouts, AHM; Davin, JC; Krediet, RT; Schroder, CH; Monnens, LAH; Nauta, J; van de Winkel, JGJ; Out, TA

    Children treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of infections. IgG receptors (Fc gamma Rs) and complement receptors (CRs) on white blood cells (WBCs) are important for the phagocytic process. We have investigated Fc gamma R and CR expression on monocytes, macrophages and

  15. IgG and complement receptor expression in children treated by peritoneal dialysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouts, Antonia H. M.; Davin, Jean-Claude; Krediet, Raymond T.; Schröder, Cornelis H.; Monnens, Leo A. H.; Nauta, Jeroen; van de Winkel, Jan G. J.; Out, Theo A.

    2005-01-01

    Children treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) are at increased risk of infections. IgG receptors (FcgammaRs) and complement receptors (CRs) on white blood cells (WBCs) are important for the phagocytic process. We have investigated FcgammaR and CR expression on monocytes, macrophages and neutrophils

  16. IgG to Various Beta-Glucans in a Human Adult Population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noss, I.; Wouters, I.M.; Smit, L.A.; Meijer, E.; Pronk, A.; Heederik, D.J.J.; Doekes, G.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Fungal β-(1,3)-glucans are pro-inflammatory agents, and exposures to β-(1,3)-glucans are associated with respiratory tract symptoms. IgG anti-(1,3)-glucan titers are measured in diagnosis of fungal infections. Although other β-glucan structures exist, like β-(1,6)-glucans, little is

  17. IgG to various beta-glucans in a human adult population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noss, I.; Wouters, I.M.; Smit, L.A.; Meijer, E.; Pronk, A.; Heederik, D.J.; Doekes, G.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Fungal β-(1,3)-glucans are pro-inflammatory agents, and exposures to β-(1,3)-glucans are associated with respiratory tract symptoms. IgG anti-(1,3)-glucan titers are measured in diagnosis of fungal infections. Although other β-glucan structures exist, like β-(1,6)-glucans, little is

  18. Contribution of IgG avidity and PCR for the early diagnosis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Acute toxoplasmosis in pregnant women presents a high risk of Toxoplasma transmission to the fetus. Early diagnosis is difficult, especially when serological testing for IgG/IgM antibodies fail to differentiate between a recent and a past infection. In this case, we rely on IgG avidity or PCR assays. Objectives: The ...

  19. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, as part of Evans' syndrome, caused by cold reactive IgG autoantibodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jaarsma, AS; Muis, N; DeGraaf, SSN

    1996-01-01

    We describe a boy with Evans' syndrome, consisting of immune thrombocytopenic purpura at age 2 and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) at age 4. AIHA was caused by cold Ige autoantibodies. This is unusual because AIHA is generally associated with either warm IgG antibodies or cold IgM antibodies.

  20. Standardization of Assays That Detect Anti-Rubella Virus IgG Antibodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grangeot-Keros, Liliane; Vauloup-Fellous, Christelle

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY Rubella virus usually causes a mild infection in humans but can cause congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Vaccination programs have significantly decreased primary rubella virus infection and CRS; however, vaccinated individuals usually have lower levels of rubella virus IgG than those with natural infections. Rubella virus IgG is quantified with enzyme immunoassays that have been calibrated against the World Health Organization (WHO) international standard and report results in international units per milliliter. It is recognized that the results reported by these assays are not standardized. This investigation into the reasons for the lack of standardization found that the current WHO international standard (RUB-1-94) fails by three key metrological principles. The standard is not a pure analyte but is composed of pooled human immunoglobulin. It was not calibrated by certified reference methods; rather, superseded tests were used. Finally, no measurement uncertainty estimations have been provided. There is an analytical and clinical consequence to the lack of standardization of rubella virus IgG assays, which leads to misinterpretation of results. The current approach to standardization of rubella virus IgG assays has not achieved the desired results. A new approach is required. PMID:26607813