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Sample records for vicksburg national military

  1. EAARL Topography - Vicksburg National Military Park 2008: Bare Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

    2008-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi, acquired on March 6, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed

  2. EAARL Topography-Vicksburg National Military Park 2007: First Surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

    2009-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first-surface (FS) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi, acquired on September 12, 2007. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then

  3. EAARL Topography-Vicksburg National Millitary Park 2008: Bare Earth

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi was produced from remotely...

  4. EAARL Topography-Vicksburg National Millitary Park 2007: First Surface

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A first surface elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi was produced from remotely...

  5. Reevaluation of Pemberton at Vicksburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    Operations called the Vicksburg campaign “the most brilliant campaign ever fought on American soil.”3 Students at the School of Advanced Military...provides students one of the first and best examples of operational art. Operational art is “the arrangement of tactical actions in time, space, and...work by describing Pemberton as indecisive, arguing that Pemberton procrastinated inexplicably before making decisions. Although other historians

  6. National Military Family Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Take Action Volunteer Mark Your Calendar Donate Twitter Facebook Instagram Donate Appreciating Military Families: Meet the Wilsons This ... MilitaryFamily.org © 2017 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better ...

  7. 2009-2010 USACE Vicksburg District Lidar: Mississippi River Delta

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — LiDAR collected at 1.0 points per square meter (1.0m GSD) for the entire portion of the Mississippi River Delta in the Vicksburg District. This area was flown during...

  8. Geothermal resources, Vicksburg Formation, Texas Gulf Coast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loucks, R.G.

    1978-01-01

    The potential for discovering geopressured geothermal reservoirs in the Vicksburg Formation is limited to Hidalgo County along the Lower Texas Gulf Coast. In Hidalgo County, an area of approximately 385 square miles (designated the Vicksburg Fairway) contains up to 1,300 feet of geopressured sandstones with fluid temperatures greater than 300/sup 0/F. In-place effective permeability, however, averages less than 1 millidarcy in the Vicksburg sandstones because of fine grain size and extensive late carbonate cementation. Also, areal extent of individual reservoirs is limited in a dip direction by growth faults and in a strike direction by the lenticular morphology of the sandstone bodies. In conclusion, under the present specifications set for a geothermal fairway, the Vicksburg has minimal potential because of low reservoir deliverability, which is constrained by low permeability and somewhat limited reservoir continuity. If future tests indicate that lower permeabilities are acceptable, the Vicksburg Fairway should be reconsidered because of the presence of extremely thick sandstone bodies.

  9. 2009-2010 USACE Vicksburg District Lidar: Mississippi River Delta Phase I

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — LiDAR collected at 1.0 points per square meter (1.0m GSD) for the entire portion of the Mississippi River Delta in the Vicksburg District. This area was flown during...

  10. National security and the constitutional right to join military trade ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The unionisation of the South African Military Forces has tested both lawyers and the South African legal system. However, there is very little academic commentary on this important subject. In this article, the policy, which allowed the unionisation of the South African military, the influence of the policy on national security, ...

  11. Spatial Vegetation Data for Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Vegetation map of Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site provides local park-specific names for vegetation types, as well as...

  12. National surveys of military personnel, nursing students, and the public: drivers of military nursing careers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donelan, Karen; Romano, Carol; Buerhaus, Peter; DesRoches, Catherine; Applebaum, Sandra; Ward, Johanna Rm; Schoneboom, Bruce A; Hinshaw, Ada Sue

    2014-05-01

    The U.S. health care system is facing a projected nursing shortage of unprecedented magnitude. Although military nursing services recently have been able to meet their nursing recruitment quotas, national studies have predicted a long-term nursing shortage that may affect future recruitment for the Nurse Corps of the three military services. Data are needed to plan for recruitment incentives and the impact of those incentives on targeted populations of likely future nurses. Data are drawn from three online surveys conducted in 2011-2012, including surveys of 1,302 Army, Navy, and Air Force personnel serving on major military bases, 914 nursing students at colleges with entry Bachelor of Science in Nursing programs located nearby major military bases, and a qualitative survey of 1,200 young adults, age 18-39, in the general public. The three populations are different in several demographic characteristics. We explored perceptions of military careers, nursing careers and barriers, and incentives to pursue military nursing careers in all populations. Perceptions differ among the groups. The results of this study may help to inform strategies for reaching out to specific populations with targeted messages that focus on barriers and facilitators relevant to each to successfully recruit a diverse Nurse Corps for the future. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. National Leadership Summit on Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    needs of the “Generation Y” and “ millennial ” populations of military children, who have unique challenges and needs that are not often considered... spiritually , etc. Family piece is important. Comprehensive deals just with the soldier. » Different type of service to address family. Even research

  14. National Military Strategy: Determinant, Resultant, or Figment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    the American strategy of perseverance was doomed from the start because that too was the Comunist strategy, and theirs was the stronger national will...Larger ubers. As ancient China is Looked to by historians seeking to understand the factors in success and failure of civilization, so too is the Roman

  15. Psychohistory before Hitler: early military analyses of German national psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendersky, J W

    1988-04-01

    As part of a grandiose post-World War I psychological project to predict the behavior of nations, the U.S. Military Intelligence Division (MID) utilized racial and social psychological theories to explain an alleged problematic German national character. Though unsuccessful, this project has major significance in the history of psychohistory. For the newly discovered MID files reveal that ideas, attitudes, and biases many psychohistorians subsequently identified as manifestations of a peculiar German national character had previously been held by American officers and reputable psychologists. What American analysts would, in 1940, view as symptoms of a maladjusted German mind, their predecessors had, in 1920, considered valid scientific concepts.

  16. Color Infrared Orthorectified Photomosaic for Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Orthorectified color infrared ERDAS Imagine and MrSID images of the eastern portion of Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site...

  17. Drug Abuse in the Military Impacts National Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-30

    the study showed that during a 12 month period, 42.7 percent of the subjects used marijuana; 29.4 percent used other psychedelic drugs ; 28 percent used...L02,7 - <* 00 IO lie ivwn = ustub Uspqu m amaans md o set ~ .’-b t so views of d at Del. 4w my of Ift opiu Th it) ha hem demsi bY .w qp 3tm e wt.s DRUG ...4. TITLE (and Subtitle) TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED Drug Abuse in the Military Impacts I I i dIndividual National Security 6. PERFORMING ORG

  18. SPECIFIC SUBJECTS OF LICENSE ACADEMIC PROGRAM - AN IMPORTANT STAGE OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE MILITARY LEADERS AT NATIONAL MILITARY UNIVERSITY, BULGARIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa Stoyanova PETROVA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of an approved request by the Head of National Military University it is conducting research on motivation in military formations of the example of Vasil Levski National Military University in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. Subject of the study is motivation for training and military activities of the cadets and the objects of the study are students in professional military direction in "Organization and management of military units at the tactical level," Land forces faculty at the National Military University of Bulgaria. The article presents results of the study at second item - "Do you agree that the study of specialized topics is an important stage of your professional development of future military leader?". The interviewees were cadets who graduated through the following academic years - 2013/2014, 2014/2015, 2015/2016.

  19. Spatial Vegetation Data for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile is an vegetation map of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, Virginia. It was developed by The Virginia Department of Conservation...

  20. Field Plot Points for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile shows the location of vegetation sampling plots used for vegetation classification and mapping at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park

  1. Field Plot Points for Guilford Courthouse National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is a vector file showing the location of NatureServe plots at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. The coordinates of this dataset were collected using a...

  2. Impact of Service Member Death on Military Families: A National Study of Bereavement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Service Member Death on Military Families: A National Study of Bereavement Dr. Stephen Cozza Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of... bereavement in the civilian population is robust, there is little empirical research on the impact of the death of a service member on military families...especially in the unique case of death in combat. The present study will examine various factors that influence the military family bereavement

  3. Vicksburg-Jackson Confining Unit: Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, Tennessee 2006-2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Digital hydrogeologic surface of the Vicksburg-Jackson Confining Unit in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The hydrogeologic unit...

  4. THE MILITARY AS A CONTRIBUTOR TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    economic, diplomatic and military', as one definition of 'total war' puts it,6 it would seem logical that the military authorities who have been entrusted with the task of ... specific skills. 'Just as the army represents an industrialised organisation, so must those who have been trained within it learn skills and habits of mind which ...

  5. Civil-Military Integration: The Politics of Outsourcing National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavallee, Tara M.

    2010-01-01

    The post 9/11 environment has been characterized by domestic policy actors being incorporated into a globalizing defense industrial sector through the concept of civil-military integration. From administration to administration, the push for increased civil-military integration has spread beyond its original boundaries and has reached the…

  6. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-29

    Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues Congressional Research Service Contents Introduction ...Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Each year, the House and Senate arrmed...coverage that improves continuity of care provided to current and former Reserve members. H.R. 4909—Sec. 733 Use of mefloquine for malaria

  7. Analysis of Serbian Military Riverine Units Capability for Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Radojevic

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses required personnel, training capacities and equipment for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations with the riverine elements. In order to meet necessary capabilities for engagement in United Nations peacekeeping operations, Serbian military riverine units have to be compatible with the issued UN requirements. Serbian Armed Forces have the potential to reach such requirements with the River Flotilla as a pivot for the participation in UN missions. Serbian Military Academy adopted and developed educational and training program in accordance with the provisions and recommendations of the IMO conventions and IMO model courses. Serbian Military Academy has opportunities for education and training military riverine units for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Moreover, Serbia has Multinational Operations Training Center and Peacekeeping Operations Center certified to provide selection, training, equipping and preparations of individuals and units to the United Nations multinational operations.

  8. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-23

    Kristy N. Kamarck. CRS Report RL34397, Traditional and Roth Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs): A Primer, by John J. Topoleski. Previously discussed...either civilian or military providers. Non-formulary medicines generally are not available at military pharmacies. It is DOD policy to use generic...requires most males between the ages of 18 and 26 who are citizens or residents of the United States to register with Selective Service. Women in the

  9. 32 CFR 1630.48 - Class 4-A-A: Registrant who has performed military service for a foreign nation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... who has performed military service for a foreign nation. In Class 4-A-A shall be placed any registrant... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Class 4-A-A: Registrant who has performed military service for a foreign nation. 1630.48 Section 1630.48 National Defense Other Regulations Relating...

  10. 9/11/01 national emergency: implications for military nurse reservists and civilian health care organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Diana G; Wolfe, Elisabeth S

    2002-01-01

    Following the attack of September 11, 2001, as senior leaders in the reserves, we had to shift our focus from everyday civilian issues to our duties and responsibilities as military officers. These events led to an examination of the implications for civilian organizations of nurses serving as military reservists. In this article we address the personal and civilian employer impact of military reserve service during a national emergency and policy implications for administrators. Recommendations for preparing for organizational loss of reservists in key administrative and leadership positions and providing support for reservists while implementing a plan for a potential reserve call-up are suggested.

  11. Military and VA General Dentistry Training: A National Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atchison, Kathryn A.; Bachand, William; Buchanan, C. Richard; Lefever, Karen H.; Lin, Sylvia; Engelhardt, Rita

    2002-01-01

    Compared the program characteristics of the postgraduate general dentistry (PGD) training programs sponsored by the military and the Veterans Health Administration (VA). Gathered information on program infrastructure and emphasis, resident preparation prior to entering the program, and patients served and types of services provided. Programs…

  12. Fighter Aircraft Foreign Military Sales: Industry Survival and National Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    industrial complex as totally self-sufficient or autarkic . WW II spawned increased arms production and the post-war period saw foreign military sales... autarkic U.S. aerospace industry archaic. While certain aerospace technologies and manufacturing processes are kept secret, FMS contracts and offsets

  13. English Learning Strategies of Various Nations: A Study in Military Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem

    2014-01-01

    How successful learners learn English has been one of the primary interest of scientists and researchers in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed to determine what language learning strategies the military personnel from different nations used while learning English. 56 subjects from 14 different nations deployed in three different military…

  14. Private Military and Security Companies - Counterinsurgency and Nation Building Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    are more cost-efficient, but some suggest the opposite. For example, outsourcing supporters such as the Defense Science Board (DSB) and the Business... Humain Rights, “The impact of mercenary activities on the right of peoples to self- determination”, (Fact Sheet no.28, 1987...researchissues/pmsc 49 Rebecca Weiner, “Private Military Contractor Come with Strings Attached,” (Belfer Center Newsletter, Belfer Center for Science

  15. Military Emergency Medical Service System Assessment: Application of the National Park Service Needs Assessment and Program Audit to Objectively Evaluate the Military EMS System of Okinawa, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Elliot M; Harper, Stephen A; Cunningham, Cord; Walrath, Benjamin D; DeMers, Gerard; Kharod, Chetan U

    2017-03-01

    As part of a Military Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system process improvement initiative, the authors sought to objectively evaluate the U.S. military EMS system for the island of Okinawa. They applied a program evaluation tool currently utilized by the U.S. National Park Service (NPS). A comprehensive needs assessment was conducted to evaluate the current Military EMS system in Okinawa, Japan. The NPS EMS Program Audit Worksheet was used to get an overall "score" of our assessment. After all the data had been collected, a joint committee of Military EMS physicians reviewed the findings and made formal recommendations. From 2011 to 2014, U.S. military EMS on Okinawa averaged 1,345 ± 137 patient transports annually. An advanced life support (ALS) provider would have been dispatched on 558 EMS runs (38%) based on chief complaint in 2014 had they been available. Over 36,000 man-hours were expended during this period to provide National Registry Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-accredited instruction to certify 141 Navy Corpsman as EMT Basics. The NPS EMS Program Audit Worksheet was used and the program scored a total of 31, suggesting the program is well planned and operating within standards. This evaluation of the Military EMS system on Okinawa using the NPS program assessment and audit worksheet demonstrates the NPS evaluation instruments may offer a useful assessment tool for the evaluation of Military EMS systems. Reprint & Copyright © 2017 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  16. The Impact of Military Conflicts on National Economies of the Post-Socialist Space Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ievdokymov Viktor V.

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with studying the impact of military conflicts on the national economies. The study is aimed at assessing sensitivity of the key macroeconomic indicators (GDP, share of military spending in the GDP, and unemployment rate to the military actions, which evolved on the territory of the former USSR countries (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan until 2013. According to the results of generalization of publications on this topic three states of the national economy in relation to military conflicts were allocated: the peace-time economy, the war economy, the post-conflict economy. A reduced financing for the defense sector and rising unemployment in the first post-war years, as well as a gradual increase in the GDP on completion of the military actions in the countries under consideration, have been identified. Some attention was paid to the macroeconomic situation and the State policy in the sphere of national security and defense of Ukraine prior to 2014.

  17. 75 FR 79335 - Foreign-Trade Zone 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, MI, Application for Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, MI, Application for Expansion An application has been submitted to the Foreign-Trade Zones Board (the Board) by the Greater Mississippi Foreign..., Mississippi. The application was submitted pursuant to the provisions of the Foreign-Trade Zones Act, as...

  18. 77 FR 65359 - Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 158; Vicksburg/Jackson, MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 158; Vicksburg/Jackson, MS Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as amended (19 U.S.C. 81a-81u), the Foreign-Trade Zones Board (the Board) adopts the following Order: ] Whereas, the Greater Mississippi Foreign...

  19. 78 FR 33340 - Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 158; Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Expansion of Foreign-Trade Zone 158; Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as amended (19 U.S.C. 81a-81u), the Foreign-Trade Zones Board (the Board) adopts the following Order: Whereas, the Greater Mississippi Foreign...

  20. 77 FR 19002 - Foreign-Trade Zone 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-29

    ... interchange south of the City of Verona. (An expansion application is currently pending (Doc. 70-2010) to... Zone 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Expansion An application has been submitted to the... located adjacent to U.S. Highway 45 and the Kansas City Southern Railroad and South Green Street, Tupelo...

  1. 78 FR 49254 - Foreign-Trade Zone 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi; Authorization of Production Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi; Authorization of Production Activity; Extension of Production Authority; Bauhaus USA, Inc. (Upholstered Furniture); Saltillo, Mississippi On February 28, 2013, the Greater Mississippi Foreign-Trade Zone, Inc., grantee of FTZ 158...

  2. 75 FR 82372 - Foreign-Trade Zone 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Expansion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-30

    ... agency #0;statements of organization and functions are examples of documents #0;appearing in this section...; ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Expansion Correction In notice document 2010-31877 beginning on page 79335 in the issue of Monday...

  3. Color Infrared Orthorectified Photomosaic Leaf-on for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Orthorectified color infrared ERDAS IMAGINE image of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Produced from 383 color infrared photos taken October...

  4. Kings Mountain National Military Park Tract and Boundary Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — These ESRI shape files are of National Park Service tract and boundary data that was created by the Land Resources Division. Tracts are numbered and created by the...

  5. Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Tract and Boundary Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — These ESRI shape files are of National Park Service tract and boundary data that was created by the Land Resources Division. Tracts are numbered and created by the...

  6. FORMATION OF THE SYSTEM STRENGTHENING THE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL IN THE CONCEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yu. Bekkiev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of the system to strengthen the defense industrial capacity. Explored approaches to this problem, given that domestic authors investigated the prospects of high-tech enterprise innovation systems and their sustainability, as well as a variety of instructional approaches, foreign authors assign great importance to the strategic management and systems analysis Management by Objectives defense complex. The problems of strengthening the military-industrial complex and their solutions are presented, such as the need to improve strategic planning (scenario variability of plans, co-ordinated action to overcome threats, challenges and risks, scientific and methodological rationale for the decision-making at all levels (national, regional and organizational. The author gives a system to strengthen the military-industrial potential in the concept of national security, which includes: national values, the program of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, foreign policy concept, the concept of strengthening the military-industrial complex in Russia's national security, the program of socio-economic development of the Voronezh region, as well as methods of analysis and strengthening the military-industrial complex. Particular attention is paid to the method of co-financing of defense enterprises and methods of quantifying the performance objectives semistructured systems.

  7. Pulling the Trigger: How Threats to the Nation Increase Support for Military Action via the Generation of Hubris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuval Feinstein

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies of public opinion in the United States have reported positive associations between national hubris and support for military actions. This article argues that in addition to its stable aspect, national hubris has a contextual aspect: under perceived symbolic threats to the nation, national hubris increases and boosts support for military action. To test this argument, which is grounded in a sociological and social psychological understanding of individuals as members of collectivities who pursue a symbolic politics of status achievement and maintenance, a survey-experiment was conducted with a nationally representative sample. In the experiment, participants who were exposed to rhetoric that highlighted symbolic threats to the nation to justify an impending military action against Iran’s nuclear facilities reported higher levels of national hubris and were more likely to support the military action than either participants who were exposed to internationalist rhetoric or those in the control group.

  8. "Help Us, Serve England": First World War Military Nursing and National Identities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toman, Cynthia

    2013-01-01

    Historians generally argue that the First World War was a defining experience from which Canadians emerged with a strong sense of national identity distinct from their British roots. There is little historical research on women's wartime experiences and even less on military nurses. This article explores the working relationships of Nursing Sister Emeline Robinson with British nurses, VAD volunteers, orderlies, and medical officers during her one and a half years with the Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve through her diary, which spans her enlistment, resignation, and re-enlistment with the Canadian Army Medical Corps.

  9. Evaluating the military potential of a developing nation's space program : a case study of Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Michael Joseph

    1991-01-01

    Approved for public release: distribution is unlimited This thesis examines how and why a developing nation may use its civilian space program to acquire ballistic missiles. Using a single case study of Brazil, this analysis looks for universal patterns in space program development and for how Third World nations use their civilian space programs for military purposes. This thesis analyzes the relationship between space and missile development, the Missile Technology Control Regime, reason...

  10. Orchestra of Change: Strategically Harmonizing National Character, Military Forces, and the Character of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    national character, and the character of war cost the United States much blood and treasure over the last decade-and-a-half, but could be catastrophic if...remained wedded to parochial separations of infantry, armor, cavalry, and artillery.35 Parochial separations widened into broad chasms of...military forces remained wedded to industrial ways and ends. The resultant discord with the nation and the character of war led to significant

  11. National Security Council of Mongolia promoting civil-military relations

    OpenAIRE

    Boldbat, Khasbazaryn

    2004-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Since the end of the Cold War, Mongolia has enjoyed a new security environment that offers both a genuine opportunity to determine its national security and unavoidable uncertainties that accompany all transitions to democracy. Entering the new environment, the nation faced an urgent necessity to form new policies to meet those uncertainties and establish adequate institutions to implement them. Mongolia, as most small nations with gre...

  12. Cross-cultural communication capabilities of U.S. military trainers: host nation perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Maysaa; Alameri, Ali; Jawad, Shakir; Alani, Yasir; Zuerlein, Scott; Nakano, Gregg; Anderson, Warner; Beadling, Charles

    2013-06-01

    A survey was conducted to assess trainee perception of the cross-cultural communication competency of U.S. military trainers and their satisfaction with the training they received. Findings from the survey show that U.S. military trainers rely significantly on local interpreters. This indicates variability in the ability of the trainers to communicate effectively with host nation partners, the variability being dependent on the capabilities of the individual interpreter. The findings illustrate the importance of providing military health personnel with training on how to work effectively with interpreters. The use of supplementary resources such as electronic translation devises when the interpreter is not capable of conveying health-related training information with the desired level of accuracy is recommended. Expanding the availability of general cultural training, which provides baseline information on local values, traditions, and customs in addition to health-specific cultural orientation, is also recommended to help military health trainers customize their training content and methods to fit the local environment. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Military and mental health correlates of unemployment in a national sample of women veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Alison B; Williams, Lindsay; Washington, Donna L

    2015-04-01

    The unemployment rate is currently higher among women Veterans than among male Veterans and civilian women. Employment is a key social determinant of health, with unemployment being strongly associated with adverse health. To identify military-related and health-related characteristics associated with unemployment in women Veterans. Secondary analysis of workforce participants (n=1605) in the National Survey of Women Veterans telephone survey. Demographics, mental health conditions, health care utilization, and military experiences and effects. Unemployment was defined as being in the labor force but unemployed and looking for work. The χ analyses to identify characteristics of unemployed women Veterans; logistic regression to identify independent factors associated with unemployment. Ten percent of women Veterans were unemployed. Independent correlates of unemployment were screening positive for depression [odds ratio (OR)=4.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-12.4], military service during wartime (OR=2.9; 95%, CI 1.1-7.3), and service in the regular military (vs. in the National Guards/Reserves only) (OR=6.8; 95% CI, 2.2-20.5). Two postactive duty perceptions related to not being respected and understood as a Veteran were each independently associated with unemployment. Whether depression underlies unemployment, is exacerbated by unemployment, or both, it is critical to identify and treat depression among women Veterans, and also to investigate women Veterans' experiences and identities in civilian life. Community-based employers may need education regarding women Veterans' unique histories and strengths. Women who served in the regular military and during wartime may benefit from job assistance before and after they leave the military. Gender-specific adaptation of employment services may be warranted.

  14. Military Personnel Strengths in the Army National Guard

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stewart, Derek

    2002-01-01

    The accuracy of reported personnel strength and training participation rates has a direct impact on the reliability of the Army National Guard's budget and the allocation of funds to individual states...

  15. United Nations Sanctions Against Iraq and Iraq's Current Military Status

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brackett, Steven

    2001-01-01

    The United Nations Sanctions against Iraq from 1990 to 2000 have had little impact on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction capabilities in researching and developing nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons...

  16. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan

    2009-06-01

    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  17. Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park National Military Park Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  18. Using the Oldest Military Force for the Newest National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Claus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The National Guard is establishing Cyber Mission Teams (CMT that will fulfill a federal role to backfill active duty defending Department of Defense networks, but are also exploring how they could effectively fulfill state missions. The President, Council of Governors, and USCYBERCOM Commander have expressed concerns about U.S. critical infrastructure cyber network vulnerabilities and the increasing magnitude of threat our adversaries pose to those networks’ security. This article explores using this emerging National Guard capability in a state role for protection of critical infrastructure cyber networks. Most of the critical infrastructure is privately owned. Although current executive orders and policy mandate government sharing of cyber threat information, private providers’ reciprocation of sharing their vulnerabilities is voluntary. This article contends that effective cyber defense requires strong private-public partnerships. We developed a critical infrastructure cyber defense model based upon key characteristics from the literature on private-public partnerships and performed a case study of current cyber defense partnerships to validate the model. Our research shows this model to be a useful guide for emerging National Guard Cyber Mission Forces to consider when establishing partnerships for effective critical infrastructure cyber defense.

  19. America’s New National Security Strategy: New Scenario for Military Operations Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-11

    for: Director, Net Assessment and Defense Policy Office Defense Nucleaar Agenc\\ Competicive Strategies office National Sccuritv HQ/DNA/’NASI and...after World War II and the advent of nuclear weapons and long-range means of deliver. Senior Soviet military officers have been warning of another...34revolution" in the near future.3 After the performance of U.S. weapons during Operation DESERT STORM, it appears that their worst fears were justified

  20. Experience using Collaborative Technology with the United Nations and Multi-National Militaries: Rim of the Pacific 2000 Strong Angel Exercise in Humanitarian Assistance

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Adkins, Mark; Kruse, John; Damianos, Laurie E; Brooks, JoAnn; Younger, Robert; Rasmussen, Eric; Rennie, Yelena M; Oshika, Beatrice; Nunamaker, Jr., Jay F

    2006-01-01

    .... RIMPAC 2000's Strong Angel set out to satisfy three goals: (1) Develop a mutual understanding of respective capabilities, limitations and expectations among multinational militaries and the main United Nations relief agencies; (2...

  1. Military as Welfare State: Conditions Leading to the Adoption of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program

    OpenAIRE

    Drury, Madisen B.

    2012-01-01

    Since its inception in 1993, nearly 90,000 high school dropouts have completed the National Guard Youth Challenge Program, a youth diversion program for unemployed high school dropouts. As of 2008, 27 states have partnered with the military to implement this residential program for at-risk youth. There is limited research on this new social welfare program despite its representing a dynamic military-state-welfare relationship. This study examines state-level conditions and looks to answer thr...

  2. Prevalence and Characteristics of Suicide Ideation and Attempts Among Active Military and Veteran Participants in a National Health Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Kerry L.; Piegari, Rebecca; Altieri, John; Kemp, Janet; Katz, Ira R.

    2012-01-01

    The relationships between military service and suicide are not clear, and comparatively little is known about the characteristics and correlates of suicide ideation and attempts among those with history of military service. We used data from a national health survey to estimate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal behaviors among veterans and service members in 2 states. The prevalence of suicidal behaviors among Veterans was similar to previous estimates of ideation and attempts among adults in the US general population. PMID:22390598

  3. Poison exposures in young Israeli military personnel: a National Poison Center Data analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavon, Ophir; Bentur, Yedidia

    2017-06-01

    To characterize poison exposures in young Israeli military personnel as reported to the national poison center. Retrospective poison center chart review over a 14-year period. Cases included were Israeli soldiers aged 18-21 years, the compulsory military service age required by the Israeli law. 1770 records of poison exposures in young military personnel were identified. Most exposed individuals involved males (n = 1268, 71.6%). Main routes of exposure were ingestion (n = 854, 48.3%), inhalation (n = 328, 18.6%) and ocular (n = 211, 11.9%). Accidents or misuse (n = 712, 40.2%) were the most frequently reported circumstances, followed by suicide attempts (370, 20.9%), and bites and stings (161, 9.1%). More than half of the cases involved chemicals (n = 939, 53.1%); hydrocarbons, gases and corrosives were the main causative agents. Pharmaceuticals (mainly analgesics) were involved in 519 (29.3%) cases, venomous animals (mainly scorpions, centipedes, and snakes) in 79 (4.5%). Clinical manifestations were reported in 666 (37.6%) cases, mostly gastrointestinal, neurologic, and respiratory. The vast majority of cases (1634, 92.3%) were asymptomatic or mildly affected; no fatalities were recorded. In 831 (46.9%) cases the clinical toxicologist recommended referral to an emergency department; ambulatory observation was recommended in 563 (31.8%) cases, and hospitalization in 86 (4.9%). Our data show that poison exposures among young soldiers involve mainly males, accidents, misuse and suicides, oral route and chemicals; most exposures were asymptomatic or with mild severity. Repeated evaluations of poison center data pertaining to military personnel is advised for identifying trends in poison exposure and characteristics in this particular population.

  4. Executive Summary From the National Strength and Conditioning Association's Second Blue Ribbon Panel on Military Physical Readiness: Military Physical Performance Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nindl, Bradley C; Alvar, Brent A; R Dudley, Jason; Favre, Mike W; Martin, Gerard J; Sharp, Marilyn A; Warr, Brad J; Stephenson, Mark D; Kraemer, William J

    2015-11-01

    The National Strength and Conditioning Association's tactical strength and conditioning program sponsored the second Blue Ribbon Panel on military physical readiness: military physical performance testing, April 18-19, 2013, Norfolk, VA. This meeting brought together a total of 20 subject matter experts (SMEs) from the U.S. Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and academia representing practitioners, operators, researchers, and policy advisors to discuss the current state of physical performance testing across the Armed Services. The SME panel initially rated 9 common military tasks (jumping over obstacles, moving with agility, carrying heavy loads, dragging heavy loads, running long distances, moving quickly over short distances, climbing over obstacles, lifting heavy objects, loading equipment) by the degree to which health-related fitness components (e.g., aerobic fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition) and skill-related fitness components (e.g., muscular power, agility, balance, coordination, speed, and reaction time) were required to accomplish these tasks. A scale from 1 to 10 (10 being highest) was used. Muscular strength, power, and endurance received the highest rating scores. Panel consensus concluded that (a) selected fitness components (particularly for skill-related fitness components) are currently not being assessed by the military; (b) field-expedient options to measure both health-based and skill-based fitness components are currently available; and (c) 95% of the panel concurred that all services should consider a tier II test focused on both health-related and skill-related fitness components based on occupational, functional, and tactical military performance requirements.

  5. 78 FR 20889 - Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi; Notification of Proposed Production...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone (FTZ) 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, Mississippi; Notification of Proposed Production Activity; Bauhaus USA, Inc.; (Upholstered Furniture); Saltillo, Mississippi The Greater Mississippi Foreign-Trade Zone, Inc., grantee of FTZ 158, submitted a notification of proposed production...

  6. 77 FR 17012 - Foreign-Trade Zone 158-Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Manufacturing Authority; Morgan...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ....90; duty free) would be shipped from the zone to U.S. furniture manufacturing plants where they would... Foreign-Trade Zones Board Foreign-Trade Zone 158--Vicksburg/Jackson, MS; Application for Manufacturing Authority; Morgan Fabrics Corporation (Upholstered Furniture Covering Sets), Verona, MS An application has...

  7. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    List MNC-I Multinational Corps-Iraq MNSTC-I Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq MOD Minister of Defense MoDA Minister of Defense...positive note, DOD implemented the Ministry of Defense Advisor ( MoDA ) program in 2010 to overcome the advisor shortcoming, for both the Minister of...Defense (MOD) and Minister of Interior (MOI). The DOD developed the MoDA program as a result of operational requirements in Afghanistan and Iraq. MOD

  8. [Stages of formation and development of the national military neurology and psychiatry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odinak, M M; Shamreĭ, V K; Chudinovskikh, A G; Goncharenko, A Iu; Tsygan, N V

    2013-12-01

    The article is devoted to the stages of formation and development of military neurology and psychiatry in Russia. Scholars of anxiety and mental disorders department of the Medical and Surgical Academy (Military Medical) made great contribution to development of scientific and organizational peculiarities of these medical disciplines and many other allied studies. Authors analyze the contribution of military psychiatrists and neurologists to the modern concept of mental care delivery in peace and wartime, research focus ares and prospects of its development.

  9. Strength Property Estimation for Dry, Cohesionless Soils Using the Military Cone Penetrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    Willarn E. Perkrs Deparment o Civil --Ind Mecanica ,q , United States Military Academy West Point. New York 1099i and Roger W. Meier. John V. Farr...Geotechnical Laboratory DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Waterways Experiment Station, Corps of Engineers 3909 Halns Ferry Road, Vicksburg, Mississippi 39180-6199...AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADRESS(E S) 10. SPONSORING MONITORINGAGENCY REPORT NUMBER US Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 20314-I000 11. SUPPLEMENTARY

  10. Cooperation and Collaboration among the Nation's Meteorology, Oceanography, and Satellite Operational Processing Centers: An Evolving Era in U.S. Civilian-Military Partnerships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumont, Robert J.; Nelson, Cynthia A.; Caviness, Donald G.; Thormeyer, Carl D.; Martin, David L.; Pereira, John J.

    1996-09-01

    The United States has several meteorological, oceanographic, and satellite operational processing centers (OPCS) in the military and civilian sectors. Separate cooperative and complementary military and civilian OPCs provide sufficient redundancy for backup purposes; permit the development of state-of-the-an forecasting schemes, such as the ensemble technique; and ensure the diverse environmental needs of military and civilian users are met with the most efficient use of resources. The effective collaboration of the military and civilian OPCs has resulted in the development of a truly national meteorological and oceanographic resource not attainable within any single agency.

  11. Twelve month use of mental health services in a nationally representative, active military sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fikretoglu, Deniz; Guay, Stéphane; Pedlar, David; Brunet, Alain

    2008-02-01

    Mental disorders constitute a significant public health problem in active military populations. However, very little is known about patterns of mental health service use in these populations. The primary objective of this study was to examine the patterns and predictors of mental health service use in active Canadian Force members. Additional objectives included identification of barriers to service use. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Canadian Forces Supplement. Participants were assessed for mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders using the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Those who met criteria for at least 1 disorder in the past year (n = 1220) were included in the analyses. Of military members with a 12-month diagnosis, 42.6% used services in the past year. Predictors of service use included mental health indicators, gender, marital status, and military rank. Of military members who failed to use services, only a small percentage (3.5-16.0%) acknowledged a need for services. These members perceived a number of barriers to services, foremost among which was lack of trust in military health, administrative, and social services. Despite recent efforts to de-stigmatize mental health problems and treatments, unmet need for mental health services remains a significant problem in active militaries. Our findings indicate that military institutions should continue public education campaigns to de-stigmatize mental health problems and should make necessary changes in health delivery systems to gain the trust of military members.

  12. Defense Expenditures and Savings in Pakistan: Do Allocations to the Military Reduce National Savings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    high military spending but (perhaps more importantly) by a reduction in absorptive capacity to utilize the available savings as a result of the...hypothesized unfavorable impact of military spending on public funding for human resources. While Deger presents some empirical evidence based on a large

  13. The Success of a National Dialogue on Sustainable Military Range Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, Lenny

    2003-01-01

    Military munitions are the silent giant of hazardous waste management and cleanup in the United States. Toward the end of the first Clinton administration, the Navy and Air Force prevailed upon the Army--the armed service with the biggest ordnance problem--to consider co-sponsoring a formal dialogue on military munitions facilitated by the…

  14. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth among US military veterans: a 4-year nationally representative, prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, J; Pietrzak, R H

    2017-11-01

    This study examined the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of posttraumatic growth (PTG) over time. Using data from a prospective, nationally representative survey of 2718 US veterans assessed in 2011, 2013, and 2015, we used latent growth mixture modeling to identify PTG trajectories, and to examine key determinants of PTG trajectories from a comprehensive set of sociodemographic, military, health, and psychosocial variables. Three PTG trajectories were identified, labeled as Low and Decreasing PTG (74.0%), Consistently Moderate PTG (12.0%), and High and Increasing PTG (14.0%). Greater severity of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, specifically re-experiencing and avoidance symptoms, at baseline predicted Consistently Moderate and High and Increasing PTG trajectories. Compared to the Low and Decreasing PTG trajectory, the High and Increasing PTG trajectory scored higher on baseline measures of gratitude, purpose in life, Spirituality, and social support. Posttraumatic growth is a dynamic process with divergent trajectories. Developing interventions that target certain psychosocial factors may help trauma survivors maintain PTG over time. Published 2017. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  15. Improvement of Coordination in the Multi-National Military Coordination Center of the Nepal Army in Respond to Disasters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    most disaster prone countries, and regarding seismic vulnerability , it ranked the 11th most at-risk country in the world (Center for Excellence in...Management and Humanitarian Assistance, 2015. The paper appraises of the vulnerability of Nepal regarding various disasters . It also has a map that...IMPROVEMENT OF COORDINATION IN THE MULTI-NATIONAL MILITARY COORDINATION CENTER OF THE NEPAL ARMY IN RESPOND TO DISASTERS A

  16. Improving Surgical Complications and Patient Safety at the Nation's Largest Military Hospital: An Analysis of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maturo, Steve; Hughes, Charlotte; Kallingal, George; Silvey, Stephen; Johnson, A J; Soderdahl, Douglas; Renz, Evan; Brennan, Joseph

    2017-03-01

    The U.S. Military Health System cares for over 9 million patients and encompasses 63 hospitals and 413 clinics worldwide. Military medicine balances the simultaneous tasks of caring for those patients wounded in military engagements, treating large numbers of families of service men and women, and training the next generation of health care providers and ancillary staff. Similar to civilian health care delivery in the United States, military medicine has also seen increased scrutiny in the areas of cost and quality. In 2014, the U.S. military medical health care system was criticized for higher than average surgical complication rates and concerns regarding patient safety, quality of care, lack of transparency, and compartmentalized leadership. The San Antonio Military Medical Center was specifically cited as having "a perennial problem with surgical infection control…the infection rate of surgical wounds was 77% higher than expected given the mix of cases, according to a Pentagon-ordered comparison with civilian hospitals." To determine the scope of complication rates, data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) were analyzed. The goal of this article is to describe the NSQIP surgical outcome data for the U.S. Military's largest medical center from 2009 to 2014 and compare national averages in the areas of mortality, morbidity, cardiac occurrences, pneumonia, unplanned intubation, ventilator use greater than 48 hours, infections, readmissions, and return to operating room. Retrospective data analysis of NSQIP data from 2009 to 2014 at the San Antonio Military Medical Center, a level I trauma center for military members and eligible dependents along with civilian trauma patients. Observed event rates were compared with expected event rates for each year with the 2-tail Fisher's exact test to determine if rates were significantly different from each other. Cochran-Armitage Trend Test was performed to compare

  17. Military Service and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in a National Sample of College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pease, James L; Monteith, Lindsey L; Hostetter, Trisha A; Forster, Jeri E; Bahraini, Nazanin H

    2015-01-12

    Background: As a result of the post-9/11 GI Bill, increasing numbers of veterans are enrolling in college. However, little is known regarding suicidal outcomes among this group. In prior research, college student veterans reported high rates of suicidal ideation and attempt. Nonetheless, no research has examined whether military service is associated with increased suicide risk among college students. Aims: Our primary aims were to examine whether a history of military service was related to past-year suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt among college students. On the basis of previous research with college students, we hypothesized that students with a history of military service (i.e., current or prior) would report a higher percentage of past-year suicidal ideation, plan, and attempt. Our secondary aims were to examine the associations between military service and major depression and nonsuicidal self-injury. Method: Our sample included 3,290 college students with and without a history of military service who participated in the Healthy Minds Study in 2011 and 2012. Results: Military service was not significantly associated with past-year suicidal ideation, plan, or attempt. Students without a history of military service were more likely to report nonsuicidal self-injury. There was no significant difference in screening positive for major depression. Conclusions: These findings conflict with previous research that identified student veterans as being at elevated risk.

  18. Toward a Theory of Military Involvement in National Development in Underdeveloped Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    mobilization, bureaucratic behavior, industrialization, urbanization , and elites. Development Theory (1979), edited by David Lehmann. This book is a compilation...military was called upon to serve as a model of productiveness to prevent people from migrating into urban areas. Ngeria in Search of a Stable Civil...between the period of the fall of the Manchu dynasty and the victory of the Communists reflects this category. 2. The military in political monopuly. The

  19. Military Recruiting: Army National Guard Needs to Continue Monitoring, Collect Better Data, and Assess Incentives Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    stations, and misconduct or juvenile major misconduct for drug use, possession, or drug paraphernalia, to include marijuana . DOD agreed in its comments...second objective, we obtained aggregate recruiting data and associated goals from the ARNG. We compared data on the ARNG’s annual recruiting goals for...completion of initial military training, we compared the ARNG’s goals for completion of initial military training with ARNG-reported completion

  20. Nationally representative prevalence estimates of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men who have served in the U.S. military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Karen W; Tao, Kevin L; Peters, Philip J

    2017-01-01

    To estimate the number of men in the U.S. military who are gay, bisexual, or other men who have sex with men (MSM) to inform the development of military and other federal policies. We analyzed data from the National Surveys of Family Growth to estimate the number of U.S. men who were gay, bisexual, or MSM, and who had served in the military, compared to those who did not serve. We stratified using hierarchical categories of gay, bisexual, and other MSM to compare proportions in the military and general population. We found that 4.23% of men self-reported as gay, bisexual, or other MSM among men who served in the military, compared to 4.14% among men who had not served (p = 0.93). When stratified, we found that 0.78% self-reported as gay among men who served in the military, compared to 2.12% among men who had not served (pgay was lower in the military than in the general population. This finding might have been influenced by historical military policies related to sexual orientation.

  1. Changing of the Guard: Nation Building and the United States Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Earth . At the same time as many American leaders were exploring the possibility of a peace dividend, the United States military sought a relevant...value of every dollar spent on operations in the Middle East. The success of these operations will be measured by the respective countries‘ capacity...Rumsfeld ―that son of a bitch,‖ or ―that asshole.‖ 14 According to Woodward, ―strong, forceful military advice was bleached out of the system. The

  2. Feasibility study of fuel grade ethanol plant for Alcohol Fuels of Mississippi, Inc., Vicksburg, Mississippi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-01-01

    The results are presented of a feasibility study performed to determine the technical and economic viability of constructing an alcohol plant utilizing the N.Y.U. continuous acid hydrolysis process to convert wood wastes to fuel grade alcohol. The following is a summary of the results: (1) The proposed site in the Vicksburg Industrial Foundation Corporation Industrial Park is adequate from all standpoints, for all plant capacities envisioned. (2) Local hardwood sawmills can provide adequate feedstock for the facility. The price per dry ton varies between $5 and $15. (3) Sale of fuel ethanol would be made primarily through local distributors and an adequate market exists for the plant output. (4) With minor modifications to the preparation facilities, other waste cellulose materials can also be utilized. (5) There are no anticipated major environmental, health, safety or socioeconomic risks related to the construction and operation of the proposed facility. (6) The discounted cash flow and rate of return analysis indicated that the smallest capacity unit which should be built is the 16 million gallon per year plant, utilizing cogeneration. This facility has a 3.24 year payback. (7) The 25 million gallon per year plant utilizing cogeneration is an extremely attractive venture, with a zero interest break-even point of 1.87 years, and with a discounted rate of return of 73.6%. (8) While the smaller plant capacities are unattractive from budgetary viewpoint, a prudent policy would dictate that a one million gallon per year plant be built first, as a demonstration facility. This volume contains a summary of the environmental, health, safety, and socioeconomic factors involved in the siting, construction and operation of the plant.

  3. Feasibility study of fuel grade ethanol plant for Alcohol Fuels of Mississippi, Inc. , Vicksburg, Mississippi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-01-01

    The results are presented of a feasibility study performed to determine the technical and economic viability of constructing an alcohol plant utilizing the N.Y.U. continuous acid hydrolysis process to convert wood wastes to fuel grade alcohol. The following is a summary of the results: (1) The proposed site in the Vicksburg Industrial Foundation Corporation Industrial Park is adequate from all standpoints, for all plant capacities envisioned. (2) Local hardwood sawmills can provide adequate feedstock for the facility. The price per dry ton varies between $5 and $15. (3) Sale of fuel ethanol would be made primarily through local distributors and an adequate market exists for the plant output. (4) With minor modifications to the preparation facilities, other waste cellulose materials can also be utilized. (5) There are no anticipated major environmental, health, safety or socioeconomic risks related to the construction and operation of the proposed facility. (6) The discounted cash flow and rate of return analysis indicated that the smallest capacity unit which should be built is the 16 million gallon per year plant, utilizing cogeneration. This facility has a 3.24 year payback. (7) The 25 million gallon per year plant utilizing cogeneration is an extremely attractive venture, with a zero interest break-even point of 1.87 years, and with a discounted rate of return of 73.6%. (8) While the smaller plant capacities are unattractive from a budgetary viewpoint, a prudent policy would dictate that a one million gallon per year plant be built first, as a demonstration facility. This volume contains process flowsheets and maps of the proposed site.

  4. FY2013 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    Involuntarily Separated Reservists ......................................................................... 29 Autism Treatment...collectively known as the “Selected Reserve”) are eligible to enroll in the TRICARE Reserve Select (TRS) program and TRICARE Dental Program (TDP). TRS is a...family members and military retirees and their dependents. TDP offers dental insurance to active duty family members and Selected Reserve members

  5. The Scientific Field during Argentina's Latest Military Dictatorship (1976-1983): Contraction of Public Universities and Expansion of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekerman, Fabiana

    2013-01-01

    This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…

  6. The FY2007 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-21

    Divisible Retired Pay under the Uniformed Services’ Former Spouse Protection Act ( USFSPA ) . . . . . 14 Authority for Cost of Living Adjustments of Retired...8033. CRS-14 Expansion of Conditions for Direct Payment of Divisible Retired Pay under the Uniformed Services’ Former Spouse Protection Act ( USFSPA ...Background: Under the USFSPA , courts were given the authority to divide military retired pay as part of a divorce proceeding. If the marriage lasted

  7. Severe impact of the 1918-19 pandemic influenza in a national military force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Summers, Jennifer A; Shanks, G Dennis; Baker, Michael G; Wilson, Nick

    2013-01-01

    ... the troopship the His Majesty's New Zealand Troopship (HMNZT) Tahiti in September 1918.5 The impact of this pandemic has been described in other military groups around the world,2,3,6-9 however the impact on NZEF personnel (Figure 1) has only be incompletely described to date.10-15 Figure 1. Daily Mail (London): ANZACS in France. Off to the t...

  8. U.S. Military Technology Dependence: The Hidden Vulnerability to National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    Routledge, 2013). 2 Giuseppe Caforio. Handbook of the Sociology of the Military. (Springer Science & Business Media, 2006). 3 Michio Kaku. Physics of...18 J. Snell, “Chaos Theory and Post Modernism .” Education, 130(2), (February 2009), 274-276. http...disseminate the data coming from the drone’s sensors and these channels are now vulnerable to enemy exploitation, influence, and attack. So while the

  9. Military Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , *TEXTBOOKS, USSR, ORGANIZATIONS, COMBAT READINESS, PSYCHOMOTOR FUNCTION, REASONING, SURVEYS...TRANSLATIONS, MILITARY TRAINING, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PERCEPTION( PSYCHOLOGY ), PERSONALITY, COMMUNISM, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, EMOTIONS.

  10. Accuracy Assessment Points for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile depicts the locations of thematic accuracy assessment sampling points used in the vegetation mapping of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National...

  11. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army. The... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National...

  12. Designating Earth's Moon as a United Nations World Heritage Site - Permanently Protected from Commercial or Military Uses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, R. G.

    2002-01-01

    This paper proposes that Earth's Moon, in its entirety, be designated a United Nations World Heritage Site (WHS), permanently protected from any and all commercial or military utilization and reserved exclusively for scientific and aesthetic purposes. The paper discusses: 1) the extraordinary importance of the Moon for science, culture, and religion - past, present and future; 2) the history of proposals to exploit the Moon for commercial and military purposes and the shortcomings of this colonial, exploitation paradigm; and 3) the necessity, policy mechanisms, and political dynamics of designating the Moon as a World Heritage Site, permanently protected from commercial and/or military uses. The first part of the paper discusses the extraordinary importance of the Moon as it exists today - as a scientific laboratory, a source of beauty and inspiration throughout human evolution, a source for artistic expression, and as an object that is considered sacred by many cultures. Next, the paper traces the history of specific proposals for the exploitation of the Moon for commercial and/or military purposes - including plans by the U.S. Air Force in 1959 to detonate a nuclear explosion on the Moon, proposals to strip-mine the lunar regolith for helium-3 and rocket-fuel hydrogen; construction of solar power plants to transmit energy to Earth, and proposals to use the lunar surface as a billboard upon which to project commercial advertisements visible from Earth. The profound ethical, legal, and scientific shortcomings of this exploitation paradigm are described as an emerging Extraterrestrial Manifest Destiny that we have a collective obligation to challenge and constrain. The paper proposes that space exploration be infused with an ethical commitment to compassion, reverence, conservation, and non-interference to abiotic and biotic systems alike; as opposed to the expansion and extraterrestrial imposition of the colonization, exploitation, domination, and despoliation

  13. U.S. Foreign Policy and the Military Instrument of National Power: Important Questions and a Model for Developing Military Engagement Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    monks and nuns were joined by students, business people, intellectuals, and peasants in opposition to the corrupt rule of Ngo Dinh Diem. The more these... inspired insurgencies against U.S. backed governments in Central America and drug trafficking that was causing serious domestic concern.”60 Planning...military rule in which constitutional and democratic institutions and processes are suspended or manipulated  Outbreak of politically inspired (as

  14. National Policies for Military Unmanned Systems That Implement Joint Fires Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    This set of materials includes examination by experts on unmanned systems, periodicals and web sites dedicated to defense issues, and national and......97 U.S. Congress, House, H.R. 466. 58 be viewed as occupying armies, unleash a torrent of unintended

  15. A Legacy of Sacrifice and Honor: Celebrating Tribal Resilience and Military Service at Haskell Nations University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrington, Jacinta

    2017-01-01

    Haskell Indian Nations University opened 133 years ago, on September 17, 1884, as the U.S. Training and Industrial School--one of three original tribal boarding schools funded by the United States Congress. Three years later the school changed its name to Haskell Institute in honor of Chase Dudley Haskell, a U.S. representative from the Second…

  16. Pre-deployment preparation of military nurses of the South African National Defence Force for participation in peace support operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jumat, Jennifer D; Bezuidenhout, Marthie C; Neethling, Theodor G

    2014-11-25

    South Africa has dedicated itself to participate in peace support operations (PSOs). The concept of 'jointness', involving different arms of services, was adopted within the South African National Defence Force, thus involving nurses in PSOs. Combat-readiness being a prerequisite for those involved in PSOs raised questions as to the readiness of forces to participate in these missions. There is a need for specific nursing care during PSOs, but the role and functions of nurses during such operations were not clearly defined; thus their preparation for these missions had very little scientific grounding. These were to explore the pre-deployment preparation needs of military professional nurses during PSOs, and to describe the experience of these nurses whilst being deployed. A quantitative exploratory, descriptive and contextual approach was used. Questionnaires were distributed to 99 professional nurses who had deployment experience, and 72 participated (73% response rate). Relevant peace mission concepts are the environment, jointness, behaviour and mission readiness, which served as the conceptual bases for the study. Findings indicated that the nurses were not fully informed of their responsibilities during deployment or the circumstances under which they would have to work and live. Their preparation is not fully integrated with that of the other armed forces, and deficiencies in their training and development were identified which negatively impact on their mission readiness. Recommendations were made in terms of human resource requirements, psychological training, better integration of jointness training, and content of training and development to ensure mission readiness of nurses.

  17. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air Force...

  18. Health outcomes associated with military deployment: mild traumatic brain injury, blast, trauma, and combat associations in the Florida National Guard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderploeg, Rodney D; Belanger, Heather G; Horner, Ronnie D; Spehar, Andrea M; Powell-Cope, Gail; Luther, Stephen L; Scott, Steven G

    2012-11-01

    To determine the association between specific military deployment experiences and immediate and longer-term physical and mental health effects, as well as examine the effects of multiple deployment-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) on health outcomes. Online survey of cross-sectional cohort. Odds ratios were calculated to assess the association between deployment-related factors (ie, physical injuries, exposure to potentially traumatic deployment experiences, combat, blast exposure, and mild TBI) and current health status, controlling for potential confounders, demographics, and predeployment experiences. Nonclinical. Members (N=3098) of the Florida National Guard (1443 deployed, 1655 not deployed). Not applicable. Presence of current psychiatric diagnoses and health outcomes, including postconcussive and non-postconcussive symptoms. Surveys were completed an average of 31.8 months (SD=24.4, range=0-95) after deployment. Strong, statistically significant associations were found between self-reported military deployment-related factors and current adverse health status. Deployment-related mild TBI was associated with depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and postconcussive symptoms collectively and individually. Statistically significant increases in the frequency of depression, anxiety, PTSD, and a postconcussive symptom complex were seen comparing single to multiple TBIs. However, a predeployment TBI did not increase the likelihood of sustaining another TBI in a blast exposure. Associations between blast exposure and abdominal pain, pain on deep breathing, shortness of breath, hearing loss, and tinnitus suggested residual barotrauma. Combat exposures with and without physical injury were each associated not only with PTSD but also with numerous postconcussive and non-postconcussive symptoms. The experience of seeing others wounded or killed or experiencing the death of a buddy or leader was associated with indigestion and headaches but

  19. Cancer risk and all-cause mortality among Norwegian military United Nations peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Leif Aage; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Borud, Einar Kristian

    2014-08-01

    Media reports of leukaemia and other cancers among European United Nations (UN) peacekeepers who served in the Balkans, and a scientific finding of excess Hodgkin lymphoma among Italian UN peacekeepers who served in Bosnia, suggested a link between cancer incidence and depleted uranium (DU) exposure. This spurred several studies on cancer risk among UN peacekeepers who served in the Balkans. Although these studies turned out to be negative, the debate about possible cancers and other health risks caused by DU exposure continues. The aim of the present study was to investigate cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 6076 (4.4% women) Norwegian military UN peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011. The cohort was followed for cancer incidence and mortality from 1999 to 2011. Standardised incidence ratios for cancer (SIR) and mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated from national rates. Sixty-nine cancer cases and 38 deaths were observed during follow-up. Cancer incidence in the cohort was similar to that in the general Norwegian population. No cancers in the overall cohort significantly exceeded incidence rates in the general Norwegian population, but there was an elevated SIR for melanoma of skin in men of 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-3.40). A fivefold increased incidence of bladder cancer was observed among men who served in Kosovo for ≥ 1 year, based on 2 excess cases (SIR=5.27; 95% CI 1.09-15.4). All-cause mortality was half the expected rate (SMR=0.49; 95% CI 0.35-0.67). Our study did not support the suggestion that UN peacekeeping service in Kosovo is associated with increased cancer risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. The Relationship Between US Military Officer Leadership Behaviors and Risk of Sexual Assault of Reserve, National Guard, and Active Component Servicewomen in Nondeployed Locations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Anne G; Mengeling, Michelle A; Booth, Brenda M; O'Shea, Amy M J; Torner, James C

    2017-01-01

    To determine if military leader behaviors are associated with active component and Reserve-National Guard servicewomen's risk of sexual assault in the military (SAIM) for nondeployed locations. A community sample of 1337 Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom-era Army and Air Force servicewomen completed telephone interviews (March 2010-December 2011) querying sociodemographic and military characteristics, sexual assault histories, and leader behaviors. We created 2 factor scores (commissioned and noncommissioned) to summarize behaviors by officer rank. A total of 177 servicewomen (13%) experienced SAIM in nondeployed locations. Negative leader behaviors were associated with increased assault risk, at least doubling servicewomen's odds of SAIM (e.g., noncommissioned officers allowed others in unit to make sexually demeaning comments; odds ratio = 2.7; 95% confidence interval = 1.8, 4.1). Leader behavior frequencies were similar, regardless of service type. Negative leadership behavior risk factors remained significantly associated with SAIM risk even after adjustment for competing risk. Noncommissioned and commissioned officer factor scores were highly correlated (r = 0.849). The association between leader behaviors and SAIM indicates that US military leaders have a critical role in influencing servicewomen's risk of and safety from SAIM.

  1. Lessons Learned in Afghanistan: A Multi-national Military Mental Health Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randall C. Nedegaard

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available America has been at war for almost 10 years. Because of this, continuing missions in the Middle East require the support and cooperation of our allied North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO forces from around the world. In this paper we provide an overview of the mission at Kandahar Air Field (KAF and the Multi-National Role 3 hospital located at KAF. Next, we explain the mental health capabilities and unique perspectives among our teammates from Canada, Great Britain, and the United States to include a discussion of the relevant cross-cultural differences between us. Within this framework we also provide an overview of the mental health clientele seen at KAF during the period of April 2009 through September 2009. Finally, we discuss the successes, limitations, and lessons learned during our deployment to Kandahar, Afghanistan.

  2. Youth Attitudes and Military Service: Findings from Two Decades of Monitoring the Future National Samples of American Youth

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bachman, Jerald

    2000-01-01

    This document is primarily a statistical sourcebook, intended to serve the needs of researchers and others interested in youth in the United States, especially youth plans and attitudes related to military service...

  3. National Service Programs and Their Effects on Military Manpower and Civilian Youth Problems. Budget Issue Paper for Fiscal Year 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    Office Washington, D.C. 20402’ PREFACE The related problems of military recruitment and civilian youth unemployment and inadequate education and...as a means of dealing with the continuing, severe problem of youth unemployment CURRENT YOUTH PROBLEMS AND POLICIES Many issues and problems...concerning youth persist. These include: requirements for military manpower, unemployment among teenagers and young adults, unequal and inadequate

  4. Current issues with lower extremity amputations in a country at war: experience from the National Military Hospital of Kabul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathieu, L; Marty, A; Ramaki, A; Najib, A; Ahmadzai, W; Fugazzotto, D J; Rigal, S; Shirzai, N

    2014-06-01

    Management practices associated with war-related amputations in countries at war may be different from the recommendations of occidental Health Force Services due to the high numbers of wounded persons to treat in precarious conditions. This observational retrospective study documents the current management of local lower extremity amputees in Afghanistan. Surgical practices, with or without delayed primary closure (DPC), and prosthetic rehabilitation issues are analyzed. This retrospective study was conducted in the National Military Hospital (NMH) of Kabul from May 2011 to November 2011. Fifty-four Afghan patients who underwent a lower extremity combat-related amputation were included. Ten of them sustained a bilateral amputation. Injuries were caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or mines in 48 cases, bullets in three cases, and exploding shell fragments in three cases. Of the 64 amputations studied, 46 were open length preserving amputations and primary closure (PC) was applied in 18 cases. Patients were reviewed with a mean follow-up of 5.4 months (range 1-28 months). In the DPC group, secondary closure was performed with a mean time of 18.7 days (range 4-45 days) from injury. The proportion of infectious complications seemed to be higher in the PC group (5/18) than in the DPC group (3/46), but it was only a statistical trend (p = 0.1). Forty-three patients were not prosthetic fitted at the last follow-up. This study supports the surgical strategy of a two-stage procedure for lower limb amputations in countries at war, but underlines the problems of late secondary closure and prosthetic fitting related to decreased sanitary conditions.

  5. The economic impact of military expenditures

    OpenAIRE

    Landau, Daniel

    1993-01-01

    The author addresses three questions about military spending in developing countries: What are the levels of (and trends in) military spending as a percentage of gross national product? What impact does peacetime military spending have on growth, government spending on social welfare and infrastructure, and other key economic variables? What major factors influence the level of military spending? The author finds that military spending as a share of GNP generally fell in the 1980s, even in th...

  6. Military and Political Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey I. Podberyozkin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Military-political issues is an important area of research work at MGIMO. The difference in this direction from the classical international specialization is that it is at the intersection of several disciplines: military science, military-technical and military-industrial as well as International Relations. A specialist in military and political issues should not only be an expert in the field of international relations and diplomacy, but also have a deep knowledge of military-technical issues to understand the basic trends in the development of scientific and technological progress and its impact on the balance of forces in the world. Global changes in the balance of power and the nature of the conflict, the emergence of new types of weapons are changing the basic methods and approaches to the art of war, which requires a science-based perspective on problem solving and multi-disciplinary approach in achieving the goals. Military and political studies allow us to understand how the development of military technology and military organization of the state affected by the political situation in the world, the national security of the country and its place in the system of international relations. Military-political research has been developing at MGIMO for a few decades. It laid down the basis for a scientific school of political-military studies. Its founding fathers were such prominent scholars of international affairs, as I.G. Usachyov, A.D. Nikonov, A.G. Arbatov, V.G. Baranovsky, V.M. Kulagin, A.N. Nikitin and other well-known experts. Their work covers a wide range of military and political issues, including the topics of arms control and disarmament, international, and especially European security, military policy, NATO, the Western military-political doctrines and their practical application. Now the lead in the development of this research at MGIMO has taken Center for Military-Political Studies, which became a concentration of relevant

  7. Political-Military Integration; The American Experience

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lindell, Jay

    1995-01-01

    .... Because of this, there has been considerable friction between political and military leaders on how best to integrate the military in the national security decision making process during peace and war...

  8. Social relationships in rehabilitation and their impact on positive outcomes among amputees with lower limb loss at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seth Messinger

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore how the social context of the clinic influenced the way former patients with lower limb loss in the Military Advanced Training Center at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center evaluated their outcomes. Design: Cross-sectional phenomenological-based interviews and observations. Patients: Twenty individuals with lower limb amputation were recruited from a multidisciplinary military treatment programme for patients with lower-extremity traumatic limb-loss injured in Afghanistan or Iraq. Methods: Lightly structured interviews were conducted either in person or over the telephone with former patients and clinical care-providers. Where possible, observation was conducted in conjunction with the interviews. The research team used content analysis of the data, consistent with ethnographic methods. Results: Analysis of the therapeutic effect of social relationships developed in the clinical rehabilitation programme identified 3 areas of significance: enduring relationships with key care-providers, access to treatment team by patients, and peer support among patients. Conclusion: The social component of service delivery influences patients’ outcomes from clinical care. These results could be translated across healthcare settings to improve patient outcomes.

  9. CLIODESCRIPTING ANALYSIS OF REFLECTION OF HISTORIOGRAPHIC SOURCES ON THE PROBLEM OF POLITICAL EDUCATION OF THE MILITARY PERSONNEL OF SOVIET ARMY IN NATIONAL INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Yuryevna Bobkova

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Results of the cliodescripting analysis of  historiographic sources on problems of political education of the military personnel of the Soviet Army placed in one of actual for the Russian researchers of scientific and analytical systems now– national information and analytical system «Russian Index of Scientific Citing» are presented in article.  The author finds out that the case the analyzing sources presented in this system, is of historiographic value only in aspect of research of scientific publications on the problem, published in recent years the XXI century.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2014-1-9

  10. Military surveillance

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Dean

    2012-01-01

    Military surveillance offers a crucial entry point into the study of surveillance. Historically, the importance of military organizations in state formation meant that many techniques of surveillance that would later migrate into the civilian sphere would bear the imprint of military origins. Moreover, military campaigns were instrumental in developing forms of discipline, communication and surveillance that were to have far-reaching implications for whole societies. Thus, both technologicall...

  11. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... to fit within a nation's overall national security system without ever-increasing budgets....

  12. Longitudinal Risk and Resilience Factors Predicting Psychiatric Disruption, Mental Health Service Utilization & Military Retention in OIF National Guard Troops

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-01

    worked with wide range of disabilities from autism and cerebral palsy to oppositional defiant disorder and bipolar disorder; developed leadership...relevant pre-deployment variables (e.g., gender, age, rank, trauma history , military occupational specialty) and outcomes. 2.8. Scanning Time 2

  13. The prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A national study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khashan, Hesham I.; Al Sabaan, Fahad S.; Al Nasser, Hifa S.; Al Buraidi, Ahmed A.; Al Awad, Ahmed D.; Horaib, Ghalib B.; Al Obaikan, AlJoharah H.; Mishriky, Adel M.

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim was to measure the prevalence of smoking and identify its potential predictors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among military personnel in the five military regions of KSA between January 2009 and January 2011. The sample of 10,500 military personnel in the Saudi Armed Forces was equally divided among the five regions with a ratio 3:7 for officers and soldiers. A multistage stratified random sampling was used to recruit participants in the four services of the armed forces in the five regions. Information on sociodemographic characteristics with a detailed history of smoking was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was used to identify the factors associated with smoking, and multiple logistic regression analysis to discover its potential predictors. Results: About 35% of the sample was current smokers, with higher rates among soldiers. The eastern region had the highest rate (43.0%), and the southern region the lowest (27.5%). Navy personnel had a higher risk of being current smokers (40.6%), and the air defense the lowest risk (31.0%). Multivariate analysis identified working in the navy, and low income as positive predictors of current smoking, while residing in the southern region, older age, years of education, being married, and having an officer rank were negative (protective) factors. Conclusion: Smoking is prevalent among military personnel in KSA, with higher rates in the Navy and Air Force, among privates, younger age group, lower education and income, and divorced/widowed status. Measures should be taken to initiate programs on smoking cessation that involve changes in the environment that is likely to promote this habit. PMID:25374464

  14. National outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica infections in military and civilian populations associated with consumption of mixed salad, Norway, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Emily; Einöder-Moreno, Margot; Borgen, Katrine; Thorstensen Brandal, Lin; Diab, Lore; Fossli, Øivind; Guzman Herrador, Bernardo; Hassan, Ammar Ali; Johannessen, Gro S; Johansen, Eva Jeanette; Jørgensen Kimo, Roger; Lier, Tore; Paulsen, Bjørn Leif; Popescu, Rodica; Tokle Schytte, Charlotte; Sæbø Pettersen, Kristin; Vold, Line; Ørmen, Øyvind; Wester, Astrid Louise; Wiklund, Marit; Nygård, Karin

    2016-08-25

    In May 2014, a cluster of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) O9 infections was reported from a military base in northern Norway. Concurrently, an increase in YE infections in civilians was observed in the Norwegian Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases. We investigated to ascertain the extent of the outbreak and identify the source in order to implement control measures. A case was defined as a person with laboratory-confirmed YE O9 infection with the outbreak multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA)-profile (5-6-9-8-9-9). We conducted a case-control study in the military setting and calculated odds ratios (OR) using logistic regression. Traceback investigations were conducted to identify common suppliers and products in commercial kitchens frequented by cases. By 28 May, we identified 133 cases, of which 117 were linked to four military bases and 16 were civilians from geographically dispersed counties. Among foods consumed by cases, multivariable analysis pointed to mixed salad as a potential source of illness (OR 10.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-123.57). The four military bases and cafeterias visited by 14/16 civilian cases received iceberg lettuce or radicchio rosso from the same supplier. Secondary transmission cannot be eliminated as a source of infection in the military camps. The most likely source of the outbreak was salad mix containing imported radicchio rosso, due to its long shelf life. This outbreak is a reminder that fresh produce should not be discounted as a vehicle in prolonged outbreaks and that improvements are still required in the production and processing of fresh salad products. This article is copyright of The Authors, 2016.

  15. The prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A national study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesham I Al-Khashan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim was to measure the prevalence of smoking and identify its potential predictors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among military personnel in the five military regions of KSA between January 2009 and January 2011. The sample of 10,500 military personnel in the Saudi Armed Forces was equally divided among the five regions with a ratio 3:7 for officers and soldiers. A multistage stratified random sampling was used to recruit participants in the four services of the armed forces in the five regions. Information on sociodemographic characteristics with a detailed history of smoking was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was used to identify the factors associated with smoking, and multiple logistic regression analysis to discover its potential predictors. Results: About 35% of the sample was current smokers, with higher rates among soldiers. The eastern region had the highest rate (43.0%, and the southern region the lowest (27.5%. Navy personnel had a higher risk of being current smokers (40.6%, and the air defense the lowest risk (31.0%. Multivariate analysis identified working in the navy, and low income as positive predictors of current smoking, while residing in the southern region, older age, years of education, being married, and having an officer rank were negative (protective factors. Conclusion: Smoking is prevalent among military personnel in KSA, with higher rates in the Navy and Air Force, among privates, younger age group, lower education and income, and divorced/widowed status. Measures should be taken to initiate programs on smoking cessation that involve changes in the environment that is likely to promote this habit.

  16. Psychological Safety During Military Integrations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wermser, Frederik; Täuber, Susanne; Essens, Peter; Molleman, Henricus; Beeres, Robert; Bakx, Gwendolyn; de Waard, Erik; Rietjens, Sebastiaan

    Increased military cooperation between member states of the European Union is a political given. The Netherlands and Germany form a spearhead in this process by integrating entire military units (i.e., brigades, battalions, companies) into higher-order units of the respective other nation (i.e.,

  17. 32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215... BOARD Authority/Policy for Departmental Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military... consult legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be prohibited by 18...

  18. Military Strategy,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1968-01-01

    peninsula, to the Carribean Sea, and to the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. All airplanes were held at ch> air fields with missiles and bombs loaded. One...Introduction / / Foreword to the Third Edition / / ’ Foreword to the Second Edition Introduction Chapter I. ^?Gener«l Conceptsj, General... The class essence of bourgeois military strategy The class essence of Soviet military strategy Chapter II.^ The Military Strategy of Imperialist

  19. 75 FR 1684 - Notification of Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee January 2010 Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-12

    ... Gettysburg National Military Park, Glacier National Park, Olympic National Park, Vicksburg National Military Park, and Chickasaw National Recreation Area. Interested persons should call 202-354-7502 for the... Secretary of the Treasury on any theme or design proposals relating to circulating coinage, bullion coinage...

  20. 32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Clearance of military scrap. 644.522 Section 644... Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522 Clearance of military scrap. Military scrap can contain or be... destruction, by using command, of all military scrap and scrap metal from lands suitable for cultivation or...

  1. To the Question on the Nature of Military Threats and Non-Military Responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sambu R. Tsyrendorzhjyev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The notion of "military danger, military threats, military and non-military measures to Parry, and other definitions from the policy of the State to ensure the military security of the now widely used in journalism, conceptual, other documents and research. The attentive reader it is not difficult to notice the ambiguity in the interpretation of these concepts. This makes it difficult to not only the perception of the relevant topics for ensuring military security publications, but also the development of the theory and practice of ensuring the defence and security of the State. The author's view on the essence of the reasoning logic of non-military measures to counter military threats, as the ultimate goal of the article is the following.First the task of analyzing the concept of "national security", "object of national security" and understand the functions of the State, society and the individual to ensure national security. Decomposition of an object of national security, which is "national property" (the content of the concepts described in the article has made it possible to substantiate the basis for classification of national security threats and with better understanding of the nature, variety, Genesis. This provided a rationale for the role and the place of the tasks ensuring military security in the common task of ensuring national security, the correlation of military and non-military threats.The final phase of the research, the results of which are set out in the article is devoted to analysis of military threats, which made it possible to identify their main structural elements: source, media, military-political and strategic nature, install the main factors defining the content of these elements and their interaction. Based on these results, the proposed definition of the essence of non-military measures for counteracting of military threats, as well as guidelines for developing these measures.

  2. Military Effectiveness: A Reappraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    policy of recruiting units on a national basis, with the old Germanic nations of Württemberg, Bavaria, Saxony , and especially Prussia all sending their...the landed nobility or the recent relevant tactical experience of the combat officer. From a synthesis of the two approaches emerges a picture of...complete picture of overall military effectiveness. One must address the interrelationship between the four levels of war. Without this aspect, one can

  3. Canadian Model of Military Leadership as a Successful Mixture of Civilian and Military Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Malinowski

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The origins of military leadership are rooted in ancient times and its embodiment are great chieftains and commanders. However, since the moment when in organisation and management sciences the civil theories of leadership started to emerge, the military forces have incorporated their solutions to structure the assumptions of new, coherent and effective models of military leadership. A good example of such solutions is the Canadian model of military leadership, competently merging the civil theories with experience and needs of the military environment. This solution may be a perfect example of effective application of leadership theory to modify the existing national model of military leadership and construct a more efficient one.

  4. Enlisting in the Military

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin M. Beaver

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Given that enlistment in the U.S. military is completely voluntary, there has been a great deal of interest in identifying the various factors that might explain why some people join the military, whereas others do not. The current study expanded on this line of literature by estimating the extent to which genetic and environmental factors explained variance in the liability for lifetime participation in the military. Analysis of twin pairs drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health revealed that 82% of the variance was the result of genetic factors, 18% of the variance was the result of nonshared environmental factors, and none of the variance was accounted for by shared environmental factors. In light of a number of limitations, replication studies are needed to determine the robustness of these findings and whether they are generalizable to other samples and populations.

  5. German Military Psychology 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, *WEST GERMANY, MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY , PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, APTITUDE TESTS, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY , PSYCHIATRY, MILITARY PROCUREMENT, CLASSIFICATION, SELECTION, PILOTS, AVIATION MEDICINE.

  6. Bringing the Military Back in: Military Expenditures and Economic Growth 1990 to 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Kentor

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available After the “peace bonus” era, global military expenditures have escalated sharply despite some worldwide declines in military personnel. Theories on the economic impacts of the military institution and escalated military spending greatly differ and include arguments that they either improve domestic economic performance or crowd out growth-inducing processes. Empirical findings on this matter are inconclusive, in part due to a failure to disentangle the various dimensions of military expenditures. We further suggest that modern sociology's relative inattention to such issues has contributed to these shortcomings. We explore a new dimension of military spending that clarifies this issue—military expenditures per soldier —which captures the capital intensiveness of a country’s military organization. Our cross-national panel regression and causal analyses of developed and less developed countries from 1990 to 2003 show that military expenditures per soldier inhibit the growth of per capita GDP, net of control variables, with the most pronounced effects in least developed countries. These expenditures inhibit national development in part by slowing the expansion of the labor force. Labor-intensive militaries may provide a pathway for upward mobility, but comparatively capital-intensive military organizations limit entry opportunities for unskilled and under- or unemployed people. Deep investments in military hardware also reduce the investment capital available for more economically productive opportunities. We also find that arms imports have a positive effect on economic growth, but only in less developed countries.

  7. History of Military Service and the Risk of Suicidal Ideation: Findings from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Richard; Barber, Catherine; Azrael, Deb; Mukamal, Kenneth J.; Miller, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    Studies of completed suicide by history of military service have produced inconsistent findings; no representative population-based study has compared the risk of nonfatal suicidal behavior among veterans with risk among nonveterans. The objective of this study was to examine whether male veterans of the U.S. military are at heightened risk of…

  8. Military Periodicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-05-01

    610 Washington Street Dedham, Massachusetts 02026 Telephone: (617) 326-8220 Editor: Hal Gershanoff $36.00 Journal of Political and Military...Andersen-Gott Kr 60 Revista General de Marina (M) Ministerio da Marina Montalban 2, Madrid 14 Spain Revista Maritima Brasileria (Q) Ministerio da

  9. Military Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martz, Carlton; Hayes, Bill

    2001-01-01

    This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores questions of military authority. The first article looks at the French Army mutinies in World War I and how the French Army dealt with them. The second article examines President Truman's firing of popular and powerful General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War. The final article…

  10. Evolving Military Intelligence: The Effect of the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) and the Military Intelligence Organization (MIO) During the Korean and Vietnam Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    2 because members of every team conducted administrative and operational tasks.8 Military Intelligence Organization The MIO, developed in 1955...Divisions, RG 337, Entry 30B- 300, National Archives and Records Administration . 10 Marc Powe and Edward Wilson, The Evolution of American Military ...165th Military Intelligence Company or the 527th Military Intelligence Company; administrative units of non-CIC and non-ASA soldiers whose

  11. SERVARE VITAS- Political Consequences for Romanian National Government and Military of Hostage Deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces Hostage Rescue Operation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rapanu, Adrian

    2006-01-01

    ... enforcement and military are immature. This paper attempts to shed light upon the current crisis management procedures and how that arrangement can affect the effectiveness of the state response in hostage situation crises both in country and abroad...

  12. Engaging Military Partners: Supporting Connections to Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Harriett C.

    2009-01-01

    In the current Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO), families and communities have been impacted by multiple deployments. This is particularly challenging for families that are geographically isolated from military installations and resources typically available near these facilities. Operation Military Kids (OMK) is a national partnership…

  13. 32 CFR 169a.14 - Military personnel commercial activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military personnel commercial activity. 169a.14... CONTRACTING COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAM PROCEDURES Procedures § 169a.14 Military personnel commercial activity. Commercial activities performed exclusively by military personnel not subject to deployment in a...

  14. Military-Induced Family Separation: A Stress Reduction Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, William G., Jr.

    1993-01-01

    Notes that Persian Gulf War focused public attention on the problems military families face in coping with military-induced family separation. Highlights some of the unique stressors faced by active-duty, national guard, and reserve military families. Presents practical guidelines to assist social workers in designing interventions to help these…

  15. Military Veterans' Midlife Career Transition and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Heather C.; Brott, Pamelia E.

    2014-01-01

    Many military veterans face the challenging transition to civilian employment. Military veteran members of a national program, Troops to Teachers, were surveyed regarding life satisfaction and related internal/external career transition variables. Participants included military veterans who were currently or had previously transitioned to K-12…

  16. Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/TRICARE: Refills of Maintenance Medications Through Military Treatment Facility Pharmacies or National Mail Order Pharmacy Program. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-02

    This final rule implements section 702 (c) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 which states that beginning October 1, 2015, the pharmacy benefits program shall require eligible covered beneficiaries generally to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. An interim final rule is in effect. Section 702(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 also terminates the TRICARE For Life Pilot Program on September 30, 2015. The TRICARE For Life Pilot Program described in section 716(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was a pilot program which began in March 2014 requiring TRICARE For Life beneficiaries to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. TRICARE for Life beneficiaries are those enrolled in the Medicare wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE program. This rule includes procedures to assist beneficiaries in transferring covered prescriptions to the mail order pharmacy program.

  17. A comparison of ICD-11 and DSM criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder in two national samples of U.S. military veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisco, Blair E; Marx, Brian P; Miller, Mark W; Wolf, Erika J; Krystal, John H; Southwick, Steven M; Pietrzak, Robert H

    2017-12-01

    The proposed ICD-11 criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) differ substantially from the DSM-5. ICD-11 eliminated several PTSD symptoms thought to be nonspecific, with the goal of reducing psychiatric comorbidities. However, this change also results in a narrower PTSD definition that may fail to capture individuals with clinically significant PTSD. The purpose of the current study was to compare prevalence and psychiatric comorbidities of DSM (IV/5) and ICD-11 PTSD. We evaluated concordance between DSM (IV/5) and ICD-11 PTSD diagnoses in a web survey of two nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans (ns = 3517 and 1484). Lifetime and past-month PTSD symptoms were assessed with the DSM-IV-based PTSD Checklist-Specific Stressor version and the DSM-5-based PTSD Checklist-5. Psychiatric comorbidities were assessed using MINI Neuropsychiatric Interview modules. A significantly greater proportion of veterans met criteria for lifetime and past-month PTSD under DSM-IV/5 than under ICD-11. 21.8-35.9% of those who met criteria under DSM IV/5 did not meet under ICD-11, whereas only 2.4-7.1% of those who met under ICD-11 did not meet under DSM-IV/5. Psychiatric comorbidities did not significantly differ between DSM-IV/5 and ICD-11. This study relied upon self-report measures of PTSD, distress/impairment, and psychiatric comorbidities. The proposed ICD-11 criteria identify fewer PTSD cases than DSM-IV/5 without reducing psychiatric comorbidities. Veterans with clinically significant PTSD symptoms may not meet ICD-11 PTSD criteria, possibly affecting eligibility for healthcare, disability, and other services. The ICD-11 criteria could be revised to capture more PTSD cases before ICD-11 is published in 2018. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. English military slang: definition, means of formation and thematic classification

    OpenAIRE

    MITCHELL PETER DZHONOVICH

    2014-01-01

    Global instability with military interventions in various Muslim countries by coalitions headed by the USA has led to an increase in interest toward the armed forces of the United States and their coalition partners -foremost, the UK and other countries of the (British) Commonwealth of Nations. For those working in the sphere of military interpreting, the interest is in language and, in particular, military speak. The article considers the notion of English military slang as a separate vocabu...

  19. (Inter Actions for a new national order. The political experience of San Juan based on the “Military District of the West” and Congress during the "Confederation" (1855-1858

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Laura Lanteri

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose is to extend the analytical terms on the process of building of "Confederation" political and institutional national system (1852-1862, considering the relationships between central power and San Juan province. We analyze negotiation and conflict interactions that developed San Juan policy among 1855 and 1858, based in the study of a national institution: the “Circunscripción Militar del Oeste”/"Military District of the West”. We study the reciprocal articulation of central power in the provincial space and the main local and regional cleavages and events that were generated in that process. We attend to the interaction between the Leader of the Military District Nazario Benavides, the Governors of San Juan and the national legislature and executive. Moreover, we concentrate on the provincial political institutionalization process, with emphasis on the enactment of the constitution. For this, we also analyze the Congress placed in the capital of the “Confederation”, as other institutional site of crystallization of the provincial and national political alliances and conflicts studied

  20. Mental Health Among Military Personnel and Veterans

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pickett, Treven; Rothman, David; Crawford, Eric F; Brancu, Mira; Fairbank, John A; Kudler, Harold S

    2015-01-01

    This commentary describes the prevalence of mental health problems affecting military service members and veterans in North Carolina and the rest of the nation, with a special emphasis on those who...

  1. China and the Revolution in Military Affairs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gill, Bates

    1996-01-01

    At present, a technological revolution in high and new technologies is sweeping across the globe, and increasingly becomes a critical factor in measuring a country's national power and military strength...

  2. Triage in military settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S

    2017-02-01

    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration. Copyright © 2016 Société française d’anesthésie et de réanimation (Sfar). Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. Hypersonic Technology for Military Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-14

    TechnologyL . for Military Application Air Force Studies Board Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council .iA -iorn For NTIS CNA...because coinp:’ters can simulate fraction of the vehicle, simultaneously twe hypQ rsonic flighi parameters of velccit;, free stream 7) The laige fuel

  4. Sexual assault in the US military: A comparison of risk in deployed and non-deployed locations among Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom active component and Reserve/National Guard servicewomen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Anne G; Booth, Brenda M; Torner, James C; Mengeling, Michelle A

    2017-11-01

    To determine whether sexual assault in the military (SAIM) among active component and Reserve/National Guard servicewomen is more likely to occur in deployed or non-deployed locations; and which location poses greater risk for SAIM when time spent in-location is considered. A total of 1337 Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom era servicewomen completed telephone interviews eliciting socio-demographics, military and sexual assault histories, including attempted and completed sexual assault. Half of the sample had been deployed (58%). Overall 16% (N = 245) experienced SAIM; a higher proportion while not deployed (15%; n = 208) than while deployed (4%; n = 52). However, the incidence of SAIM per 100 person-years was higher in deployed than in non-deployed locations: 3.5 vs 2.4. Active component and Reserve/National Guard had similar deployment lengths, but Reserve/National Guard had higher SAIM incidence rates/100 person-years (2.8 vs 4.0). A higher proportion of servicewomen experienced SAIM while not deployed; however, adjusting for time in each location, servicewomen were at greater risk during deployment. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.

    2011-01-01

    The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

  6. Civil Military Operations In Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-01

    nation support (FNS). FNS refers to identifying, coordinating, and acquiring foreign nation (FN) resources such as supplies, materiel, and labor to...indigenous military forces as labor and is planned as short-term projects... The Projects should be useful to the local populace at all levels in...and demanded Bucaram’s resignation. The next day, the Coordinadora Política de Mujeres Ecuatorianas joined the fray, and on February 5, multitudes in

  7. National Security Issues and Defense Reform in Ukraine

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maslovskyi, Sergiy

    2007-01-01

    .... As an important component of national development, military reforms have being initiated and aimed at the transformation of all levels of Ukraine's military organization, which includes the Armed...

  8. The Construction of Liberal Democracy: The Role of Civil-Military Institutions in State and Nation-Building in West Germany and South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    policy-related discussions on a future Afghan military, see Anja Manuel and P. W. Singer , “A New Model Afghan Army,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 81, No. 4...of West German Security Policy 1949-1956, Vol. 3, “The NATO Option, Munich, Germany: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 1993, p. 605. 64. Ibid. 65. Johannes

  9. [French European military haemovigilance guidelines].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sailliol, A; Clavier, B; Cap, A; Ausset, S

    2010-12-01

    European military transfusion services follow operational guidelines established by their respective national health systems and conform with European Union directives and NATO standards as applicable to member countries. Certain features are common to all of these standards, especially the pre-selection of volunteer, almost exclusively unpaid donors. NATO requirements are very close to European guidelines, with the exception that NATO permits the use of blood products collected in emergency conditions in theater when circumstances allow no better option. Blood product traceability exists for every country but is not always centralized or computerized. Serious adverse event reporting relies on national haemovigilance networks. Military considerations become important mainly in overseas operations, where the overall policy is to implement the relevant national, European or NATO guidelines with adjustments made for unique wartime circumstances and the risk/benefit ratio for the individual patient needing a transfusion. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Kurt von Schleicher the soldier and politics in the run-up to national socialism: a case study of civil-military relations

    OpenAIRE

    Bitter, Alexander B.

    2013-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis analyzes the political role of the German General Staff as well as civil-military relations in Germany from the late 19th century until 1933. Specifically, it examines the rise and fall of Kurt von Schleicher. Together with Generals Paul von Hindenburg, Erich Ludendorff, and Wilhelm Groener, Schleicher shaped the politics of the Weimar Republic, right up to the end that heunintentionallyhastened when his intrigues paved the...

  11. The Impact of International and Domestic Factors on the Military Outcomes of National Unification: A Study of Four Historical Cases with Lessons for Korean Unification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Mecklenburg, Brandenburg, Saxony -Anhalt, Thuringia, and Saxony . The German capital, Berlin, lay deep within the Soviet zone, but it was divided among the...Bavaria, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony , Schleswig- Holstein, and the city states...the spiral of perception and misperception, political rivalry between states can cause the military of one side to paint a picture of the other that

  12. Kurt Von Schleicher--The Soldier and Politics in the Run-up to National Socialism: A Case Study of Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    William II made little effort to control military policy.”102 Therefore, 1916 and 1917, Germany witnessed a competition about political power between...promised to protect them from foreign (price) competition .272 Hence, sufficient agrarian production for the German population and the farmers’ interests...on the other hand.273 Furthermore, the German artisans 271 Büttner, Weimar—Die überforderte Republik

  13. Pending crisis in Russian civil military relations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ball, D.Y.

    1997-10-01

    A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the question is not how the civilian leadership can keep the military out of politics, but how the military can keep the leadership from politicizing the armed forces. The Russian military has no interest in resolving Russia`s domestic political problems. It is a professional military that prefers to leave politics to the politicians, and to carry out its mission of defending the nation against external attack. But the lack of responsible central leadership and the poor state of the economy are driving the military toward involvement in domestic politics if for no other reason than to ensure its own survival.

  14. The biography of Col. J.A. Olubobokun a foremost Nigerian military ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    styled military music on African soil, research should be carried out on more military composers of diverse nationalities in Africa. Cette communication présente le Colonel Josef Adeboyejo Olubobokun (retraité.) comme premier musicien militaire ...

  15. Military Sexual Trauma Among Homeless Veterans

    OpenAIRE

    Pavao, Joanne; Turchik, Jessica A.; Hyun, Jenny K.; Karpenko, Julie; Saweikis, Meghan; McCutcheon, Susan; Kane, Vincent; Kimerling, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Military sexual trauma (MST) is the Veteran Health Administration?s (VHA) term for sexual assault and/or sexual harassment that occurs during military service. The experience of MST is associated with a variety of mental health conditions. Preliminary research suggests that MST may be associated with homelessness among female Veterans, although to date MST has not been examined in a national study of both female and male homeless Veterans. OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevale...

  16. China's Military Potential

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wortzel, Larry

    1998-01-01

    The People's Republic of China (PRC) is seen by many as an economic powerhouse with the world's largest standing military that has the potential to translate economic power into the military sphere...

  17. Military Sexual Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Sexual Trauma Overview Programs & Services Articles & Fact Sheets Other Resources ... local Veterans Benefits Administration Regional Office . Overview Military sexual trauma (MST) is the term that the Department of ...

  18. Military Effectiveness: A Reappraisal

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bernasconi, Jeffrey J

    2007-01-01

    .... Two divergent theories cover the ground of military effectiveness. One looks at the interaction of social structures, whereas the other looks at the effect organization has on military effectiveness...

  19. TRICARE, Military Health System

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Claim Get Proof of TRICARE Coverage View My Military Health Record Less TRICARE Enrollment Freeze Starting Dec. ... Disaster Information Download a Form Go Paperless My Military Health Records Multimedia Center Plan Information Kits Recoupment ...

  20. Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard / Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. P. Afonso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12% followed by cynicism (10% and low professional effectiveness (8% (but we have not found any participant with burnout values in the three dimensions simultaneously, and different variables were observed in the prediction of those three areas. The discriminant analysis among subgroups allowed us to verify two main aspects: (a lower levels of organizational commitment and more use of proactive coping in younger and/or inexperienced military agents and (b higher desire to leave the job/profession and cynicism in older and/or more experienced professionals. At the end, the authors discuss the importance of future research to analyze the effects of a higher tendency to use cynicism as their age increase and the consequences of a lower organizational commitment in terms of professional efficacy of the younger agents.

  1. Treatment of mandibular third molars and pericoronitis in British military personnel: influence of guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepper, Thomas; Konarzewski, Thomas; Grimshaw, Paul; Combes, James

    2016-12-01

    We studied the dental records of British military personnel who were less than 20 years old on enlistment, and had at least five years' service with at least five recorded dental inspections, at three military dental centres in the UK. The median (IQR) period from first to last inspection in 720 subjects was 15 (10-19) years, and the median frequency of inspection was every 14 (13-16) months. A total of 288/1250 mandibular third molars were extracted (23%). There were significant increases in the proportion of extractions stating caries in the mandibular third molar or multi-episode pericoronitis as indications (n=13, 14%, p pericoronitis by 20 (9%, p =0.02). Extractions of mandibular third molars because of caries in the adjacent second molar increased by 4 (4%, p=0.045). The median age at the time of extraction before introduction of the guidelines was 23 years compared with 25 years afterwards (p<0.001). Twenty-five of 114 (22%) extractions of mandibular third molars were in patients over the age of 30 after the introduction of guidelines compared with 1/174 (<1%) before. The introduction of the NICE guidelines on the management of third molars has significantly changed our practice. Whether or not these changes have resulted in a net benefit to patients is still a matter for debate. Copyright © 2016 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

  2. The East China Sea in DOD China Military Power Reports

    OpenAIRE

    Chapman, Bert

    2017-01-01

    The National Defense Authorization Act of 2000 saw Congress require the Department of Defense (DOD) to prepare an annual report on Chinese military power. This report contains classified and unclassified editions. Documenting Chinese military developments, strategy, and trends are critical parts of these reports. Beijing’s military activities in the East China Sea (ECS) are important report components. This work explains the importance of these and other DOD reports for those studying ECS dev...

  3. Sociometric approaches for managing military units and predicting of behavior of military personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudro, Nataliya M.; Puzikova, Svetlana M.

    2017-09-01

    In the Republic of Kazakhstan military service becomes attractive primarily for that category of people who have no opportunity to acquire high quality vocational or higher education, decent income by the speciality available, or those who have not yet identified themselves professionally and socially. Its a serious problem how to ensure ability of military units to execute their service duties in conditions of more and more increasing requirements for professional competences of military personnel, increased intellectualization of military service when the quality of "human material" often is not corresponding to the required standards. This problem in the national and foreign science is still being developed and has no final solutions accessible for the scientific society. This article presents an effort to offer specialists in the military administration area one of probable tools to forecast successfulness of execution of professional tasks by military units based on results of sociometric studies and algorithms of plotting Bayesian networks. Using these tools a military leader will be able to evaluate effectiveness of his managerial activity, correct mechanisms of individual and mentoring activity with regard to individual servicemen, provide an opportunity to eliminate risks of failing to fulfill professional tasks on time and failing to ensure combat readiness of entrusted military team.

  4. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49 U...

  5. 32 CFR 154.15 - Military appointment, enlistment, and induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military appointment, enlistment, and induction... Requirements § 154.15 Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (a) General. The appointment, enlistment, and induction of each member of the Armed Forces or their Reserve Components shall be subject to the...

  6. Educators Supporting Families in Times of Crisis: Military Reserve Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Judy; Vannest, Kimberly J.

    2008-01-01

    With the large number of National Guard members and reservists being deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, public educators find themselves endeavoring to support the emotional and academic needs of military children and their families. Military children may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties during these deployments. Educator awareness of…

  7. The role of Military Psychology in Peacekeeping Operations: The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Peacekeeping operations and the results of the first and fifth deployment of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are used as background to illustrate the relevance of military psychology in such operations. Peacekeeping operations involve military and often civilian ...

  8. National IVHS Architecture Development Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-27

    NATIONAL INFORMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS ARE EMERGING THAT REQUIRE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURES FOR DEPLOYMENT ACROSS THE NATION, E.G., AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS, MILITARY COMMAND AND CONTROL SYSTEMS, AND OTHER NATIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS. THE REQUIRED CH...

  9. 32 CFR 196.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational... OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 196.210 Military and merchant marine... purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States or for the merchant...

  10. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  11. 32 CFR 644.550 - Sale to employees or military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Sale to employees or military personnel. 644.550... PROPERTY REAL ESTATE HANDBOOK Disposal Sale Procedure § 644.550 Sale to employees or military personnel. The sale of Government real property will not be made to civilian employees or military members of the...

  12. Cigarette Smoking and Sociodemographic, Military, and Health Characteristics of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans: 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cypel, Yasmin S; Hamlett-Berry, Kim; Barth, Shannon K; Christofferson, Dana E; Davey, Victoria J; Eber, Stephanie; Schneiderman, Aaron I; Bossarte, Robert M

    2016-09-01

    We examined the sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics of current cigarette smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and estimated smoking prevalence to better understand cigarette use in this population. We analyzed data from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans. On the basis of a stratified random sample of 60 000 OEF/OIF veterans, we sought responses to a 72-item questionnaire via mail, telephone, or Internet. Cigarette smoking status was based on self-reported cigarette use in the past year. We used multinomial logistic regression to evaluate associations between smoking status and sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics. Among 19 911 veterans who provided information on cigarette smoking, 5581 were current smokers (weighted percentage: 32.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 31.7-33.2). Current smokers were more likely than nonsmokers or former smokers to be younger, to have less education or income, to be separated/divorced or never married/single, and to have served on active duty or in the army. Comparing current smokers and nonsmokers, some significant associations from adjusted analyses included the following: having a Mental Component Summary score (a measure of overall mental health) above the mean of the US population relative to below the mean (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.73-0.90); having physician-diagnosed depression (aOR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.33-1.74), respiratory conditions (aOR = 1.16, 95% CI: 1.04-1.30), or repeated seizures/blackouts/convulsions (aOR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.22-2.67); heavy alcohol use vs never use (aOR = 5.49, 95% CI: 4.57-6.59); a poor vs excellent perception of overall health (aOR = 3.79, 95% CI: 2.60-5.52); and being deployed vs nondeployed (aOR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78-0.96). Using health care services from the VA protected against current

  13. Commentary - The Early Days of Central Asian Military Integration: the Kyrgyz National Division of the Red Army in 1927-1928

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Ohayon

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a brief overview of the sociology of a national division of the Red Army in the early days of its formation in Kyrgyzstan, as described in two documents about soldiers of Kyrgyz nationality in 1927 and 1928. At that time the Soviet Army was not seeking to substantially increase its numbers but rather recruiting in line with the intentions of the nationality policy, by integrating ethnic groups and regions that had been ignored by the high command. Kyrgyzstan is a striking exampl...

  14. About Military Sexual Trauma

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  17. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...

  18. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global......If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...

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  1. About Military Sexual Trauma

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  2. MILITARY COMPETITION BETWEEN FRIENDS? HEGEMONIC DEVELOPMENT AND MILITARY SPENDING AMONG EIGHT WESTERN DEMOCRACIES, 1920-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jari Eloranta

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the complicated phenomenon of military spending among a sample of eight Western democracies in the interwar period by analyzing especially the possibility of economic and/or military competition between the Western Great Powers and the ensuing impacts on the smaller states included here. The hegemonic paradigm suggested by e.g. Paul Kennedy predicts that the economic leader in a system will increasingly invest on maintaining security; thus eventually bringing economic growth to a halt. The military spending patterns respective of economic growth at first seem to suggest that not only the totalitarian states, as is the traditional view, but also the UK and France stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of American leadership. However, the military expenditures of these nations were too low to warrant the conclusion that they had any impact on their respective economic performance. This result is also verified here by employing Granger non-causality tests between the military spending and economic growth variables. Moreover, regression analysis on the military spending variables for the UK and France points towards competition on the level. The smaller states, respectively, seemed to follow the UK and France fairly closely in their military spending decisions.

  3. Implementation and dissemination of military informed and evidence-based interventions for community dwelling military families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Robert A; Fairbank, John A

    2013-12-01

    Community dwelling military families from the National Guard and Reserve contend with deployment-related stressors in relative isolation, living in communities where mental health providers may have little knowledge of military culture. When they are community residents, active duty service members and families tend to live in close proximity to their military installations. This article will focus primarily on the challenges to quality mental health care for reserve component (RC) families. Where studies of RC families are absent, those of active component (AC) families will be highlighted as relevant. Upon completion of a deployment, reintegration for RC families is complicated by high rates of symptomatology, low service utilization, and greater barriers to care relative to AC families. A paucity of providers skilled in evidence-based treatments (EBTs) limits community mental health capacity to serve RC military families. Several emergent programs illustrate the potential for better serving community dwelling military families. Approaches include behavioral health homes, EBTs and treatment components, structured resiliency and parent training, military informed schools, outreach methods, and technology-based coping, and psychoeducation. Methods from implementation science to improve clinical skill acquisition and spread and sustainability of EBTs may advance access to and quality of mental health treatment and are reviewed herein. Recommendations related to research methods, military knowledge and treatment competencies, and transition to a public health model of service delivery are discussed.

  4. The experience of an United Nations Military Observer in Western Sahara / A experiência de observador militar da ONU no Saara Ocidental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvio de Souza Ferreira

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The Western Sahara issue is the most recent, lasting and unresolved case of decolonization in African continent, in the midst of the 21st Century. It is a non- governed territory, located in the northwest portion of Saharan Africa and it has been under UN custody since 1991, when MINURSO had been established. In this regard, this article has as main motivation to communicate the experience of an UN Military Observer, emphasizing peculiar and practical aspects, as well as perceptions in the performance of this appointment. It is an internal vision of the reality of the Peace Operation, the individual and the professional of the UN. In order to do so, this article uses a qualitative approach deploying methodologies such as participant observation and the descriptive case study. It comprises an introduction, which aims to enlighten the reader to the question, a characterization of the area, a historical review of the case, a section of exposure of the methodology and the experience of one of the authors as a UN Military Observer in the Western Sahara itself. Finally, considerations are made at the conclusion. A questão do Saara Ocidental constitui o caso de descolonização mais recente, duradouro e não-resolvido do continente africano, em pleno século XXI. Trata-se de um território não-governado, localizado na porção noroeste da África Saariana e encontra-se sob custódia da ONU desde 1991, quando da implantação da MINURSO. Nesse contexto, o presente artigo tem como principal motivação comunicar a experiência no exercício da função de observador militar da ONU, sublinhando aspectos peculiares e práticos, bem como percepções no desempenho dessa função. É uma visão interna da realidade de uma Operação de Paz, do indivíduo e do profissional da Organização. Para tanto, o artigo utiliza abordagem qualitativa na metodologia empregada e aspectos da observação participante e do estudo de caso descritivo. É composto por uma

  5. Social Representation in the U.S. Military

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fernandez, Richard L

    1989-01-01

    .... The social composition of the military has not yet become a major budgetary issue, but the links frequently made between representation and either a draft or national service create the prospect...

  6. Irregular Warfare: Impact on Future Professional Military Education

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Paschal, David G

    2006-01-01

    ... to operate effectively in an irregular warfare environment. The utility of a decisive war between nation states continues to decline and will eventually reach critical mass based upon the extreme imbalance of military power and a U.S. monopoly...

  7. Military Special Use Airspace: Atlantic / Gulf of Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Military Special Use Airspace is airspace of defined dimensions identified by an area on the surface of the earth wherein activities must be confined because of...

  8. The Changing Dynamics of Military Advantage in the Information Age

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mulcahey, Sean

    2004-01-01

    .... national security, particularly from a new form of global insurgency. The continued development and proliferation of information technology impacts the very nature of conflict and military competitive advantage. Can the U.S...

  9. Role of the Military, Unit III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Terry

    This unit on the role of the military in Wyoming history provides activities which focus on the system of forts which began in 1849, Indian conflicts, World War II, and the Army and Air National Guard. Student activities include illustrating various battles, locating major Wyoming forts on a map, field trips to F.E. Warren Air Force Base and Fort…

  10. Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-27

    Liability .................................................................................................................. 20 Figures Figure 1. Active... Civil Service.  To provide a reserve pool of experienced military manpower that can be called upon in time of war or national emergency to augment...actuarial principles and taking into consideration cost-of-living-adjustments. 17 This will be calculated by the DOD Office of the Actuary using average

  11. The University Campus: Why Military Sponsored Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Aubrey E.

    Military-sponsored research on the university campus has been a major issue during the past several years. Opposition has come from radicals, who wish to destroy the university itself, to critics, who feel such activities take needed funds and personnel from the more important task of solving our nation's social problems. These viewpoints and the…

  12. Toward Multinational Professional Military Education in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John; Breitenbauch, Henrik Ø.

    European NATO nations need better staff officers. Operation Unified Protector exposed a widespread deficiency in the professional knowledge of field-grade European officers. Professional military education (PME) is where corrective Alliance action must focus. The Nordic countries—Norway, Denmark...

  13. General Military Training: Standardization and Reduction Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Air Force specialty code AFSO21 Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ANG Air National Guard APFT... Paternity ,” Army Regulation 608-99, October 29, 2003. ———, “Military Justice,” Army Regulation 27-10, November 16, 2005. ———, “Preventative Medicine

  14. Deaths from Adenovirus in the US Military

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-03-26

    Dr. Joel Gaydos, science advisor for the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, and Dr. Robert Potter, a research associate for the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, discuss deaths from adenovirus in the US military.  Created: 3/26/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 3/29/2012.

  15. Military Housing Inspection-Camp Buehring, Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-30

    housing facilities , which included buildings with internal and external room entries, trailer billets, tents, latrines, showers, and laundry and...The evaluation and inspection should ensure that all military housing and other structures comply with applicable electrical and fire protection...Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes were applicable for the fire and electrical system safety

  16. The Caribbean: U.S. Economic and Military Interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    7 180, 1 182, 1 185) (On order: tpt ac, hel) Para-Military Forces: National Guard 3,500; National Police 4,000; Treasury Police 2,000; Orden ...4 CF-5B, 6 F-16 B/D trg ac) 153 " - ., . L _ . m Para-Military Forces: Fuerza Armadus de Cooperacion: 20,000: 25 UR-416 MICV; 15 Shortland APC; 120

  17. THE MILITARY GLIDER REVISITED

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The military glider has, arguably, enjoyed the briefest life span of any major military equipment type - spanning not much more than a decade and a half from the entry into production of the first, to the demise of the concept as such. Dur- ing its heyday, however, the glider was instru- mental in not a few spectacular ...

  18. Movies and the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    planned as a Rorschach test . He is what people who believe in military values can see as the true military hero-the red-blooded American who loves to...noble struggle. of the movies produced during World War I met the test of greatness. The great films about the war would be made in later years by

  19. Critical Needs and Level of Support for the Military Spouse: A Comparative Study of the National Guard and Active Army during the Iraq War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasilas, Cynthia Nikki

    2009-01-01

    National Guard units have been asked to serve in ways never before experienced since the beginning of the Iraq War and throughout the continued war on terror. Multiple deployments, frequent long-term separations from families, communities, and jobs may have far reaching implications. Family Readiness Groups and a climate of support shown by…

  20. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them......If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...

  1. Iraqi Military Academies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nodar Z. Mossaki

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operate on the basis of the NATO standards. Iraqi military academies paid miuch attention to the specifics of the military and political situation in Iraq – counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, patrolling cities, fighting in an urban environment etc. Significant place in the curriculum take the courses contributing to the formation of pro-Western sentiment.

  2. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  3. Challenges to Military Operations in Support of U.S. National Interests. Volume 1: Executive Summary (Defense Science Board 2007 Summer Study)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-09

    partnership capacity, it is under-resourced and does not focus on fighting through WMD. Further, some current authorities—such as the prohibition of...National Guard State Partnership Program. Secretary of Defense should request that Congress rescind the current statutory provision that prohibits the use...Threat Reduction Agency Understanding High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse ( HEMP ) Effects and Uncertainties JUNE 21, 2007 Brett Giroir, Director

  4. Young Australians’ Attitudes to the Military and Military Service

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Wadham; Grace Skrzypiec; Phillip Slee

    2014-01-01

    What are young Australians’ understandings of, and attitudes to, the military and military service? This article describes a pilot study of 320 young Australian university students’ attitudes to the military and military service during a time when Australia was engaged in the Afghanistan war. The main purpose of this study was to develop a survey instrument for further work in researching civil–military relations in Au...

  5. Creating National Attraction: Military Intelligence Sharing Building Foreign Military Interdependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    scope of this monograph. A review of the literature suggests that of the myriad variables that shape intelligence sharing relationships, the...63 US Congress, Senate, Select Committee on Intelligence, Report on a Review of United States Assistance to Peruvian Counter-Drug Air...

  6. A gendered perspective on military deployment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Patricia J; Nilsson, Johanna; Berkel, Laverne

    2014-01-01

    Military deployment, especially in combat or dangerous areas, can have a strong influence on subsequent mental health. This effect may be intensified as a result of the potential stigma that admission of mental health problems indicates weakness. Additional mental health issues exist for female soldiers from the National Guard who are pulled from non-military environments to work under dangerous conditions far from home and traditional social support. Minimal documentation is available about the day-to-day, gendered experiences of deployment for this group of female soldiers. To provide background for appropriate training and support, the aim of this study was to understand better the experiences of military deployment for women in the National Guard. We used content analysis to analyze individual, semi-structured interviews with a sample of 42 women from 7 U.S. National Guard units who were deployed in combat areas. Four general themes emerged about deployment experience: the general environment of stress, heterogeneous job responsibilities, home comes with you, and gendered stress. Military efforts are needed to address gender-specific issues associated with deployment and to develop resilience training that will optimize the mental health of female soldiers.

  7. The Best of Both Worlds: Psychiatry Training at Combined Civilian-Military Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welton, Randon S; Hamaoka, Derrick A; Broderick, Pamela J; Schillerstrom, Jason E

    2015-08-01

    Air Force psychiatry faces the task of training competent military psychiatrists in an era of continuing reductions. Beginning in the 1980s, the Air Force started collaborating with University partners to create hybrid training programs, civilian-military psychiatry residencies. These mergers provide stability for Air Force psychiatry training in the face of increased operational missions and uncertain military recruiting. As a result of these combined programs, Air Force psychiatry residents gain access to a broader range of civilian clinical experience and expertise while maintaining a focus on distinctive military requirements. The combining of programs opens up options for academic activities which may not have otherwise existed. Both military and civilian residents benefit from the occupational psychiatry experiences available within military clinical sites. These programs give civilian residents a chance to assist active duty members and their families and provide insight into the military "lifecycle." These collaborations benefit the universities by providing access to a larger pool of residents and faculty. The synthesis of the military and civilian programs raises some ongoing obstacles such as civilian residents' ability to gain access to military resources. The programs must also accommodate separate mechanisms for selecting residents (the National Residency Matching Program versus the Joint Selection Board for Graduate Medical Education). Military residents must also comply with military standards and requirements while maintaining the universities' standards of conduct and professionalism. Merging military training programs into university programs creates a vibrant opportunity to create exceptional military and civilian psychiatrists.

  8. Military Medical Revolution: Military Trauma System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    noted in the 1996 Military Medi- cine TCCC article were not new but rather were built on observations and recommendations of earlier authors;7Y11 these...Milit Med. 1987;152:617 622. 12. Holcomb JB, McMullen NR, Pearse L, et al. Causes of death in Special Operations Forces in the Global War on Terror

  9. Military Suicide: Developing an Understanding of Basic Issues to Provide a Lower Risk Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    In the last decade, the suicide rate for military personnel exceeded that of the general population ; additionally, the suicide rate for military...national mortality data, and national census data provided a more detailed view of the suicide decedent population . Both the general and military decedent... populations present specific trends in behavior and demographics that lead to suicidal behaviors. The research suggests that a significant proportion

  10. Status Configurations, Military Service and Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lin; Elder, Glen H; Spence, Naomi J

    2012-12-01

    The U.S. Armed Forces offer educational and training benefits as incentives for service. This study investigates the influence of status configurations on military enlistment and their link to greater educational opportunity. Three statuses (socioeconomic status of origin, cognitive ability and academic performance) have particular relevance for life course options. We hypothesize that young men with inconsistent statuses are more likely to enlist than men with consistent status profiles, and that military service improves access to college for certain configurations. Analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) show (1. that several status configurations markedly increased the likelihood of military enlistment and (2. within status configurations, recruits were generally more likely to enroll in higher education than nonveterans, with associate degrees being more likely.

  11. About Military Sexual Trauma

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    Full Text Available ... Search Loading... Close Yeah, keep it Undo Close This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue Watch Queue Queue Remove ... Queue Queue __count__/__total__ Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe ...

  12. Forecasting military expenditure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Böhmelt

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available To what extent do frequently cited determinants of military spending allow us to predict and forecast future levels of expenditure? The authors draw on the data and specifications of a recent model on military expenditure and assess the predictive power of its variables using in-sample predictions, out-of-sample forecasts and Bayesian model averaging. To this end, this paper provides guidelines for prediction exercises in general using these three techniques. More substantially, however, the findings emphasize that previous levels of military spending as well as a country’s institutional and economic characteristics particularly improve our ability to predict future levels of investment in the military. Variables pertaining to the international security environment also matter, but seem less important. In addition, the results highlight that the updated model, which drops weak predictors, is not only more parsimonious, but also slightly more accurate than the original specification.

  13. European military mental health research: benefits of collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himmerich, Hubertus; Willmund, G D; Wesemann, U; Jones, N; Fear, N T

    2017-06-01

    Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel. This could include the study of resilience factors, the prevention of mental disorder, mental health awareness, stigma reduction and the treatment of mental disorder. Military mental health research topics, interests and the studies that have been conducted to date in the UK and Germany have considerable overlap and commonality of purpose. To undertake the investigation of the long-term consequences of operational deployment, the specific burdens placed on military families and to further the understanding of the role of factors such as biomarkers for use in military mental health research, it seems advisable to forge international research alliances across European nations, which would allow for researchers to draw transcultural and generalisable conclusions from their work. Such an enterprise is probably worthwhile given the shared research interests of Germany and the UK and the common perspectives on military mental health in particular. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  14. Resilience among military youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easterbrooks, M Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M

    2013-01-01

    Much research on children in military families has taken a deficit approach--that is, it has portrayed these children as a population susceptible to psychological damage from the hardships of military life, such as frequent moves and separation from their parents during deployment. But M. Ann Easterbrooks, Kenneth Ginsburg, and Richard M. Lerner observe that most military children turn out just fine. They argue that, to better serve military children, we must understand the sources of strength that help them cope with adversity and thrive. In other words, we must understand their resilience. The authors stress that resilience is not a personal trait but a product of the relationships between children and the people and resources around them. In this sense, military life, along with its hardships, offers many sources for resilience--for example, a strong sense of belonging to a supportive community with a shared mission and values. Similarly, children whose parents are deployed may build their self-confidence by taking on new responsibilities in the family, and moving offers opportunities for adventure and personal growth. As the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan drew more and more service members into combat, the military and civilian groups alike rolled out dozens of programs aimed at boosting military children's resilience. Although the authors applaud this effort, they also note that few of these programs have been based on scientific evidence of what works, and few have been rigorously evaluated for their effectiveness. They call for a program of sustained research to boost our understanding of military children's resilience.

  15. Military Personnel: DOD Needs More Complete Data on Active-Duty Servicemembers Use of Food Assistance Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    component military personnel, military retired members, DOD civilian personnel (including foreign -national direct and indirect hires, as well as...1) limited awareness of some food assistance programs (2) stigma associated with receiving food assistance; and (3) misconceptions about military...that they believe a societal stigma exists generally for those who use food assistance. Officials at one installation added that the self- sufficient

  16. Implications drawn from a military bioterror exercise in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Tamar; Fogel, Itay; Poles, Lion; Aran, Adi Avniel; Shental, Omri; Kassirer, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Orange Flame is an Israeli preparedness build-up project, conducted by the Ministry of Health, that is aimed at improving national readiness and preparedness for unusual biological events. The project is intended for both medical and nonmedical organizations, and, since 2011, the exercise has also included operational units outside the medical corps. This has provided valuable insights into the consequences of bioterror or naturally occurring outbreaks for operative functionality and for the unique medical, logistical, and administrative efforts required from the armed forces in such an event. The 2-day drill reported on here executed a notional scenario in which category A bioterror agents were dispersed, causing civil and military casualties. Military personnel observed and assessed the performances of all participating organizations and observed the employment of emergency protocols during the drill. Military sustainment and operative capabilities were significantly affected by the occurrence of an unusual biological event. Comprehensive actions to be executed during such a scenario included quarantining military bases, considering postponement of military operations, and transferring on-call missions to other bases. Logistic consequences included the need for manpower and equipment reinforcement, as well as food and water supplies in cases of suspected source contamination. The project unveiled many operational and logistic quandaries and exposed various potential effects of a bioterror attack in the military. Lessons learned were used to revise preevent national and military doctrine for unusual biological events.

  17. Change, organisational culture and the development of the South African Military Academy to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G E (Deon Visser

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the impact of change and organisational culture on the growth and development of the South African Military Academy. It explores the impact of Nationalist Party rule since 1948 and black majority rule since 1994 on the institutional culture of the South African military and how that influenced the development of the Military Academy. This is intertwined with an investigation of the nature and impact of the diverging military and academic subcultures at the Academy. The article contends that, together with the historical exclusion of blacks and women from the military, the marginalisation of white English-speaking citizens by Nationalist Party rule denied the Academy the exploitation of a significant portion of the country’s human resource potential in the interest of institutional development. The same happened with the introduction of racial quotas and the marginalisation of whites since 1994. The Military Academy has, furthermore, historically been too reflective of the organisational culture of the South African National Defence Force and its predecessors instead of informing that culture to meet the challenges of military professionalism. The Academy has a potentially vital educational role to play in the South African and Sub-Saharan African militaries, but requires some changes in its organisational culture to fulfil that mission. Keywords: South African Military Academy, organisational culture, military culture, military education, Stellenbosch University Disciplines: Military History, Industrial Psychology

  18. Adherence to Hypertension Management Recommendations for Patient Follow-Up Care and Lifestyle Modifications Made by Military Healthcare Providers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Collins, Timothy

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe military healthcare providers adherence to nationally recognized hypertensive patient guidelines concerning lifestyle modifications and follow-up instructions...

  19. Ambivalent sexism, stereotypes and values in military population

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Zubieta; Fernanda Sosa; José Alejandro Torres

    2011-01-01

    The increasing presence of women in the public sphere has provoked cultural changes that affect social cognition. These changes implicate social organizations such as the Military. Focusing the interest in approaching modern forms of prejudice in terms of gender inequalities, we studied ambivalent sexism attitudes, values and social dominance orientation in a sample of 238 males and females from the National Military School training to become officials. Results show the presence of sexist att...

  20. Ambivalent sexism, stereotypes and values in military population

    OpenAIRE

    Zubieta, Elena; Sosa, Fernanda; Torres, Alejandro

    2012-01-01

    The increasing presence of women in the public sphere has provoked cultural changes that affect social cognition. These changes implicate social organizations such as the Military. Focusing the interest in approaching modern forms of prejudice in terms of gender inequalities, we studied ambivalent sexism attitudes, values and social dominance orientation in a sample of 238 males and females from the National Military School training to become officials. Results show the presence of sexist att...

  1. The Reasons for Living Scale-Military Version: Assessing Protective Factors Against Suicide in a Military Sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deutsch, Anne-Marie; Lande, R Gregory

    2017-07-01

    Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide. The authors of this article hypothesized that military service members may have different or additional reasons to live which may relate to their military service. They created a new version of Linehan's inventory by adding protective factors related to military life. The purpose of these additions was to make the inventory more acceptable and relevant to the military population, as well as to identify whether these items constitute a separate subscale as distinguished from previously identified factors. A commonly used assessment tool, the Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL) designed by Marsha Linehan, was expanded to offer items geared to the military population. The RFL presents users with a list of items which may be reasons to not commit suicide (e.g., "I have a responsibility and commitment to my family"). The authors used focus groups of staff and patients in a military psychiatric partial hospitalization program to identify military-centric reasons to live. This process yielded 20 distinct items which were added to Linehan's original list of 48. This expanded list became the Reasons for Living-Military Version. A sample of 200 patients in the military partial hospitalization program completed the inventory at time of or close to admission. This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at Walter Reed National Military Center for adhering to ethical principles related to pursuing research

  2. Problems of Military Cemeteries Greenery - Case Study of the Military Cemetery in Zvolen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halajová, Denisa; Petreková, Denisa; Bihuňová, Mária

    2017-10-01

    The intention of this work is to highlight the importance of understanding military cemeteries as objects of cultural and historical heritage and as a part of garden design history. The design and maintenance of cemeteries and graves is a manifestation of the national culture. This is even more evident in military cemeteries, the maintenance of which is regulated by international agreements. Objects of military cemeteries are important places not only from the historical and architectural point of view, but also as green space. Most military cemeteries in Slovakia originated from World War I and II. In Slovakia, 160,000 soldiers were buried, 75,206 of them lost their lives in World War I and 93,000 in World War II. 32,495 war graves are registered by The Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic - 23,316 war graves from World War I and 9,179 from World War II. From the period of World War II, there are 22 cemeteries and graveyards in Slovakia, established for soldiers of the Soviet, German, Romanian and Czechoslovak army. Military cemeteries and memorials are mostly high quality works of architecture and art. This paper focuses on the current situation and restoration issues of military cemeteries by examining the Military Cemetery in Zvolen. In the context of its planned reconstruction, a comprehensive tree assessment has been started in 2016. The Military Cemetery in Zvolen, being one of the largest military cemeteries in Slovakia, consists of The Cemetery of the Soviet Army with 17,628 buried soldiers and The Romanian Cemetery with 11,000 buried soldiers. The Romanian Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries of the Romanian Army in Europe. Both cemeteries were declared national cultural monuments in 1963. In the cemetery, dendrometrical parameters and the health condition of trees were evaluated. In total, there are 825 woody plants. In both cemeteries, coniferous trees prevail, mainly individuals of the genus Thuja (49.4 %). Moreover, the maintenance of

  3. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-14

    Army." But, as a matter of fact, the death of Private Grigoryan was related to a gross violation of safety measures at a construction site. The... health of the nation. To nationalistic elements one of the more important tasks is to undermine confidence and respect toward the army, and drive a wedge... creches , dairy kitchens, military exchanges, job placement for wives and not that of life in the capital, then the situation of naval officers

  4. Applied Cyberpsychology: Military and Defence Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Dando, C.J.; Tranter, C

    2016-01-01

    Virtual environments are synthetic computer simulations that represent activities at a high degree of realism. Virtual environments have numerous applications for military and defence purposes, ranging from allowing personnel to experience realistic, high-pressure situations with a sense of presence, but in the absence of real world risk, to modelling threats to national and international infrastructure to improve resilience. Emerging opportunities also exist for communication and intelligenc...

  5. Innovative Alternatives to Lifting Overturned Military Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-25

    Alternatives to Lifting Overturned Military Vehicles 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT ...Hydraulic Lift Concept Figure 4: Rigid Chain Pins Waterjet 2014 National Security Innovation Competition Proceedings Report Page | 64 flow of...design’s strengths and weaknesses. Air Force Research Labs (AFRL) is the primary sponsor for the project , having contributed over $30,000 to the

  6. Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. P. Afonso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa o "stress" ocupacional em 95 militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Portuguesa. Para tal, utilizámos um protocolo de avaliação com medidas do "stress" global, "burnout", "coping" proactivo, comprometimento organizacional, satisfação com a vida e satisfação/realização profissional. Os indicadores de fidelidade e validade dos instrumentos foram muito aceitáveis. Os resultados de "burnout" por dimensão apontaram níveis apreciáveis de exaustão emocional (12%, seguidos do cinismo (10% e da baixa eficácia profissional (8% (mas nenhum participante registou valores de "burnout" nas três dimensões, em simultâneo, observando-se também variáveis distintas na predição destas três áreas. A análise discriminante entre subgrupos da amostra permitiu verificar dois aspectos principais: (a menores níveis de comprometimento organizacional e maior utilização de "coping" proactivo nos militares mais novos e/ou inexperientes e (b maior desejo de abandonar o emprego/trabalho bem como maior cinismo parecem identificar os profissionais mais velhos e/ou mais experientes. No final, os autores discutem a importância de a investigação futura analisar os efeitos da maior tendência para o cinismo com o aumento da idade dos participantes e os efeitos do menor comprometimento organizacional por parte dos mais novos em termos da sua eficácia profissional.This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12% followed by cynicism (10% and low professional effectiveness (8% (but we have not found any participant with burnout values

  7. Military Strategy Of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. S. Zaitsev

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the evolution of military strategy of the Republic of India and key factors that influences its development. New Delhi keeps an eye on the balance of power in South Asia to create favorable conditions for its economic and social development, yet the remaining threats and new challenges still undermine the security and stability in India. The ambitions of China aspiring to power in Asia-Pacific region, combined with its immense military build-up and territorial disputes, cause disturbance in New Delhi. The remaining tensions between India and Pakistan also cause often border skirmishes and medium-scale conflicts. Close relations between China and Pakistan, labeled as “all-weather friendship”, are a source of major concern for India. The fact that both Beijing and Islamabad wield nuclear weapons means that without effective mechanisms of nuclear deterrence any military conflict may turn into a full-scale nuclear war. Terrorist activities and insurgency in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and in the North-Eastern regions of the country, along with maritime piracy and illicit drug trafficking contribute to the complicated nature of the challenges to the Indian security. Indian military strategy is considered as a combination of the army doctrine, maritime doctrine and nuclear doctrine. The Indian political and military leadership wants to meet the challenges of changing geopolitical environment and thus continuously adapts its strategy. However, there is still a gap between theory and practice: Indian armed forces lack the capacity to implement the declared goals because of bulky bureaucratic system, outdated military equipment and insufficient level of command and control. The government needs to mobilize political will and administrative resources to upgrade its defense sector to counter its security threats and challenges.

  8. Autonomous military robotics

    CERN Document Server

    Nath, Vishnu

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief reveals the latest techniques in computer vision and machine learning on robots that are designed as accurate and efficient military snipers. Militaries around the world are investigating this technology to simplify the time, cost and safety measures necessary for training human snipers. These robots are developed by combining crucial aspects of computer science research areas including image processing, robotic kinematics and learning algorithms. The authors explain how a new humanoid robot, the iCub, uses high-speed cameras and computer vision algorithms to track the objec

  9. Russia’s Military Economy and Military Security in 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Zatsepin; Vitaly Tsymbal

    2008-01-01

    The development of the RF military economy in 2007 was mainly determined by the economic and political factors typical of the Russian economy as a whole and also by the necessity to carry on a struggle against terrorist bands. At the same time, the military economy was to a certain extent influenced (at least conceptually) by the military-political declarations and unfriendly intentions on the part of NATO and the USA, as well as by the requirements of military and military-technological coop...

  10. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    2012-01-01

    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities...... and options in order to provide a factual background for the ongoing discussion on possible military intervention in the Syrian conflict and Denmark’s possible participation in such an intervention. The paper is primarily based on the Military Balance published by the International Institute for Strategic...

  11. Defense Acquisitions: Military Services Consistently Held Required Configuration Steering Boards That Actively Reviewed Requirements Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-05

    the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, and the military services to review proposed changes to program requirements or system... services MDAPs. In July 2011, we found that the military services held a CSB review for about 77 percent of the MDAPs in 2010, and that programs varied in...Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009, Congress directed DOD to establish and hold annual CSBs for the military

  12. Friction in Command and Control: Sources of Conflict in Military Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    defines military doctrine as ―the subcomponent of grand strategy that deals explicitly with military means. Two questions are important: What means shall...analysis focuses on military doctrine at the grand strategic level, in which sovereign states interact and measure elements of national power against...based air forces under the command of local garrison commanders.42 Captain Simard‘s air force included: a Navy component, composed of 16 Catalina

  13. What is at stake when Muslims join the ranks? An international comparison of military chaplaincy

    OpenAIRE

    Michalowski, Ines

    2015-01-01

    In this article I analyse the ‘strategic action field’ evolving in five European countries around the inclusion of Muslims into military chaplaincy. I show that cross-national institutional differences in particular with regard to the state–religion relationship have an influence on the accommodation of Muslims in military chaplaincy: countries with a strong focus on equality in their state–religion relationship are the European forerunners in setting up a Muslim military chaplaincy, whereas ...

  14. Military-geographic evaluation of the Julian Alps area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvonimir Bratun

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The Julian Alps have been of military significance since Roman times in a military geographic sense because of its valleys, mountain passes and lines of defence on mountain ridges. They became especially important in the 19th and 20th century. The largest mountain front in World War I was located there,and evidence of that front is still visible today. The border between Italy and Yugoslavia in the heart of the Julian Alps was clearly a line of demarcation along the Soča and Sava watersheds and was reinforced with fortification, obstacles and trenches. During the Cold War, there was an ideological line of demarcation along the western edge of the Julian Alps as well. Military strategy in that area included the use of military geographic approaches in both westerly and easterly directions. After the geopolitical changes of 1991, the Julian Alps no longer had same military geographic significance in terms of Slovenian national security. Today other military activities are more important: training under mountains conditions for NATO soldiers, non-commissioned and commissioned officers takes place in the Pokljuka region and on the Triglav mountain chain. Military facilities have been taken on significance in the terms of tourism as well.

  15. Military Implications of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    political complications. What has to be studiously avoided during this dialogue is the generation of a sense of favouritism , suspicion and conspiracy. When...22nd. In between, we played musical headquarters. We changed headquarters three different times because the civilian component couldn’t agree with the

  16. The Transgender Military Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Dietert

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there have been studies that focus on the experiences of the gay and lesbian population serving in the United States military, few have focused on the experience of active duty transgender service members. Transgender individuals transgress the binary conception of gender by deviating from societal gender norms associated with assigned sex at birth. The Department of Defense has set policies and standards that reflect a binary conception of gender, with a focus on conformity. We argue that able-bodied gender variant service personnel are just as capable of serving their country as anyone else. Because of the repercussions associated with active duty transgender military personnel, our sample is small and involves nine clandestine service members and two international service members who wanted to share their stories from a different perspective. Snowball sampling was aimed at finding current active duty and reserve transgender service members. Using a combination of telephone interviews and questionnaires, data were collected from active duty transgender service personnel throughout the United States and two from international militaries that allow transgender people to serve. Data collection focused on the overall experiences of the participants along with questions regarding workplace discrimination, suggestions for policy changes, and their views about the overturn of Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. Our findings add to a growing source of information about the transgender military experience in the U.S. armed forces and the importance of overturning discriminatory workplace policies that negatively impact transgender service members.

  17. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    2013-01-01

    Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from...

  18. The Military Instructor's Handbook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sjøstedt, Peter; Grønlund, Thomas

    The Military Instructor's handbook was written for the basic professional training of instructors in the danish defence. The book describes the work of instructors and their areas of responsibility, and it offers guidance and direction on how to plan, conduct and evaluate learning activities...

  19. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    including treatment manual for therapists, session-by- session PowerPoints, study scripts, homework assignments, and patient/therapist handouts) 36...Afghanistan supported policy banning openly gay or lesbian military personnel was because the veterans feared that this group would face harassment and bullying

  20. Families in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... may be rebellious, irritable, or more challenging of authority. Parents need to be alert to high-risk behaviors such as problems with the law, sexual acting out, and drug/alcohol abuse. A parent leaving home on a military assignment ...

  1. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-17

    military facilities in San Lorenzo . In addition, they are laying a new road which will facilitate the transfer of troops to the Nicaraguan border in...river before daybreak and crossed the Pyandzh on rafts . Nurali’s group, after crossing the river near Punimur, came out right at the post at the

  2. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  3. Resilience among Military Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  4. USSR Report, Military Affairs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-20

    Democratic Revolution in Ethiopia"] [Excerpts] On 12 September 1974, a Volkswagen escorted by military vehicles left the gates of the Imperial...time. ,. The question that comes up is how long will the KRASNAYA ZVEZDA delivery to Kamchatka be treated so scandalously ? 12511 CSO:1801/14 48

  5. [Adjustment disorder during military service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamrowska, Anna; Florkowski, Antoni

    2008-01-01

    Adjustment disorders in soldiers of mandatory military service are one of most frequent causes of early military discharges. Their occurrence brings about economic, social and medical consequences. The analysis of reasons and circumstances for adjustment disorders in solders of mandatory military service accepted by Medical Military Boards as unfit for military service. Studies included 91 cases of soldiers of mandatory military service hospitalised at the Psychiatry Clinical Department of Psychiatry in 10th Clinical Military Hospital in Bydgoszcz for the occurrence of symptoms of adjustment disorder acc. to criteria ICD-10 and certified by Medical Military Boards. The examined soldiers were at the age of 19-24, and the period of their military service ranged from one week to three months. To evaluate statistical correlations chi-square test (chi2) was used. Before the call-up, more than a half of the soldiers revealing symptoms of adjustment disorder lived in the country or in big urban agglomerations. Those soldiers had primary or vocational education certificates and every third was brought up in one-parent family. In the tested population of soldiers there was found a statistical relation between the appearance of adjustment disorders and the education of soldiers' mothers, parents' diseases and factors impeding their military service. Factors conducive to adjustment disorders under conditions of mandatory military service in the studies carried out included: education of soldiers' mothers, raised difficulties while serving in the army and parents' diseases.

  6. Operation United Assistance: infectious disease threats to deployed military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Clinton K; Yun, Heather C; Markelz, Ana Elizabeth; Okulicz, Jason F; Vento, Todd J; Burgess, Timothy H; Cardile, Anthony P; Miller, R Scott

    2015-06-01

    As part of the international response to control the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the Department of Defense has deployed military personnel to train Liberians to manage the disease and build treatment units and a hospital for health care volunteers. These steps have assisted in providing a robust medical system and augment Ebola diagnostic capability within the affected nations. In order to prepare for the deployment of U.S. military personnel, the infectious disease risks of the regions must be determined. This evaluation allows for the establishment of appropriate force health protection posture for personnel while deployed, as well as management plans for illnesses presenting after redeployment. Our objective was to detail the epidemiology and infectious disease risks for military personnel in West Africa, particularly for Liberia, along with lessons learned from prior deployments. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  7. Military leadership. Can its seven core values work for EMS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gienapp, Andy

    2008-07-01

    Every EMS agency has a boss like it: dominating and opinionated, immaculately attired and groomed, with close-cropped hair and an abrupt personality. They are hard to understand and even harder to like. They demand respect and are quick to lash out when angered. They demand obedience because "Lives are at stake!" Sometimes they really are veterans of our nation's military, sometimes they aren't. But what they all have in common is a misinterpretation of what "military leadership" really is. The basic misconception of military leadership is that the military demands absolute, unrelenting subservience to the commands of one's superior, that leadership is best done harshly, and that there is no room for error. Yet nothing could be further from the truth.

  8. Covering our Bases: A Military 4-H Youth Development Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanne Roueche

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Land-grant universities, through the 4-H program, have offered support and partnership to the military since World War I. More recently, the U. S. Army, Air Force, and 4-H have partnered to provide military installation youth programs involving over 7,000 youth in 4-H clubs in the United States and abroad. Military youth and families, not affiliated with Base or Post installations, were extended similar support as an aftermath of September 11, 2001. All youth involved through military outreach are enrolled as 4-H members through their respective counties integrating them into local, state, regional, and national 4-H activities and events. Authors share their experience developing relationships with their Air Force partner in implementing positive youth development programs, and explain how these actions resulted in successful funding for increased outreach.

  9. Accreditation status of U.S. military graduate medical education programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Lorenzo, Robert A

    2008-07-01

    Military graduate medical education (GME) comprises a substantial fraction of U.S. physician training capacity. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have placed substantial stress on military medicine, and lay and professional press accounts have raised awareness of the effects on military GME. To date, however, objective data on military GME quality remains sparse. Determine the accreditation status of U.S. military GME programs. Additionally, military GME program data will be compared to national (U.S.) accreditation lengths. Retrospective review of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) data. All military-sponsored core programs in specialties with at least three residencies were included. Military-affiliated but civilian-sponsored programs were excluded. The current and past cycle data were used for the study. For each specialty, the current mean accreditation length and the net change in cycle was calculated. National mean accreditation lengths by specialty for 2005 to 2006 were obtained from the ACGME. Comparison between the overall mean national and military accreditation lengths was performed with a z test. All other comparisons employed descriptive statistics. Ninety-nine military programs in 15 specialties were included in the analysis. During the study period, 1 program was newly accredited, and 6 programs had accreditation withdrawn or were closed. The mean accreditation length of the military programs was 4.0 years. The overall national mean for the same specialties is 3.5 years (p programs had accreditation of 4 years or longer, compared to 70% in the current cycle, while 13% had accreditation of 2 years or less in the previous cycle compared to 14% in the current cycle. Ten (68%) of the military specialties had mean accreditation lengths greater than the national average, while 5 (33%) were below it. Ten (68%) specialties had stable or improving cycle lengths when compared to previous cycles. Military GME accreditation cycle lengths

  10. Private Education in Chile under the Military Regime (1973-1986).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magendzo, Abraham; And Others

    This paper analyzes the development of private education in Chile since the military coup of 1973, in the context of the military regime's neoconservative political and ideological aims. Despite these professed aims, copious evidence is presented to suggest that the need of an authoritarian state to maintain "national security" by…

  11. 32 CFR Appendix A of Part 216 - Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry A... DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MILITARY RECRUITING AND RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM ACCESS TO... Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry (Tailor letter to situation presented) Dr. John Doe, President, ABC...

  12. United States Security Assistance Training of Latin American Militaries: Intentions and Results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    military aid... has tended (1) to force weak nations into devoting huge percentages of their vital capital to armaments; (2) to entrench...los Derechos Humanos en Colombia y el Papel del Gobierno y las Fuerzas Armadas para su Defensa," Military Review. (Hispanic Edition) 60-82. (April

  13. Sociological and Comparative Analysis of The Foreign Military Musical Culture Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V I Gazetov

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the process of foreign military musical culture development. Its main progress trends in the developed countries are outlined. The structure and activity of the military music services of the armed forces of the NATO member nations are analyzed in this very item.

  14. Information Technologies in the System of Military Engineer Training of Cadets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khizhnaya, Anna V.; Kutepov, Maksim M.; Gladkova, Marina N.; Gladkov, Alexey V.; Dvornikova, Elena I.

    2016-01-01

    The necessity of enhancement of the information component in the military engineer training is determined by the result of a comparative analysis of global and national engineering education standards. The purpose is to substantiate the effectiveness and relevance of applying information technology in the system of military engineer training of…

  15. L.D. TROTSKY’S MILITARY AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES DURING THE CIWIL WAR: HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ESSAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. S. Baklanova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider the point of view represented in the national historiography and Russian literature abroad on individual aspects of the military-political activity of L.D. Trotsky during the civil war: the construction of the Red Army, the defense of Petrograd in 1919, participation in the development of military operations.

  16. 32 CFR 884.6 - Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requests by Federal authorities for military personnel stationed within the United States and its possessions. 884.6 Section 884.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY PERSONNEL DELIVERY OF PERSONNEL TO...

  17. Socially-pedagogical terms of preparation of senior pupils to service in Military Powers of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryutin V.V.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The problem of preparation of senior pupils is investigational to military service. The social pedagogical terms of preparation of senior pupils are certain to military service. Adequate psychological pedagogical measures are developed on overcoming of tendency of subzero perception by the senior pupils of service in Military Powers of Ukraine. Basic directions the personal interest are rotined in harmonious, valuable psychical and physical development of the Ukrainian young people. The national orientation of military patriotic education of senior pupils is marked. It is based on ethnology and regional principles of education, respect to history of the people and state.

  18. Russian military in the year 2000. Master's thesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McIlmail, J.F.; Jaworski, J.L.

    1992-12-01

    Through the use of content analysis, this paper attempts to paint a picture of the Russian military in the year 2000 and its impact on the US national security strategy. The research begins by defining the origin of Russian national security policy and how that translates into military policy and doctrine. A framework for evaluating Russian military doctrines is provided with a chronology of the military reform process and the related doctrinal reforms that has its birth in the 1987 announcement of a defensive-defense. Following from the doctrinal variant framework the new strategic missions of the 1992 draft military doctrine are presented with an analysis that shows they are a clear departure from the past and truly represent a defensive-defense type doctrine. Additionally, a comparison is made with the current military reform ongoing in Russia with the historical precedent of the Russian military reform of 1924-25. A rough outline of the separate branches of the Russian military both present and future is provided based on the ongoing trends in the reform process. This thumbnail sketch of the Russian military then assists in the analysis and conclusion that even after a possible 50% cutback in US military spending, in the year 2000 the Russian military will not pose a threat to US national security. The major caveat to this conclusion is in the realm of nuclear weapons and this issue is therefore discussed in some length....Former Soviet Union, Russia, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Conventional Forces in Europe treaty (CFE), European Security, New National Security Strategy, Nuclear Weapons, Nuclear Strategy.

  19. Cognitive Apprenticeship in Military Teacher Induction: Facilitating the Transition from War Fighter to Educator at the United States Air Force Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaim, Thomas T.

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative research study examined teacher induction in the military undergraduate education context. The U.S. Air Force Academy relies on approximately 520 military and civilian instructors to educate nearly 4000 future military officers each year. It is imperative to our nation's security that these educators be highly skilled and…

  20. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E. L.; Welch, R.

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  1. Military Mothers in Parenting and Children's Resilience in Military Families

    OpenAIRE

    Barnes, Rachel; Stevelink, Sharon AM; Dandeker, Christopher; Fear, Nicola T

    2016-01-01

    Women’s roles, rights, and responsibilities within the United Kingdom (UK) Armed Forces have changed substantially since the First World War. The unique challenges faced by female personnel have previously been an understudied topic. As the percentage of female personnel in the military increases, the concept of motherhood in the military has acquired a higher profile. This chapter outlines the experiences of being a military mother. It begins with a brief review of the pressures faced by ser...

  2. The National Security Council: An Organizational Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Best Jr, Richard A

    2009-01-01

    The National Security Council (NSC) was established by statute in 1947 to create an interdepartmental body to advise the President with respect to the integration of domestic, foreign, and military policies relating to the national...

  3. Military display performance parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  4. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    knowledge about suicidal behavior in the military that will improve mental health outcomes for our men and women in uniform. 2. Use high quality research...acute stabilization, 176 participants completed the d/sIAT and traditional suicide risk assessments. Participants had similar d/sIAT scores regardless...translation (KT) program. o Numerous media features including interview with Irish Times. 13 | P a g e o VHB Promotional video made by Army Medicine

  5. On Military Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Praeger Publishers, 1995), 6. 65 Pellegrini , 26. 66 Peter Paret, “The Genesis of On War,” in Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. and trans. Michael...7 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. and trans. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (Princ- eton: Princeton University Press, 1984), 132. 8 Cited in...Robert P. Pellegrini , The Links between Science, Philosophy, and Military Science: Understanding the Past, Implications for the Future (Maxwell AFB, AL

  6. Military Suicide Research Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    the military, impact unit morale, and take a large emotional toll on the involved friends, family, and commanders. As noted before with continued...Graduate students continue to receive awards, stipends and recognitions for their contributions and research results. • As in previous years, we held...funded autism study – it covers autism spectrum disorders. He was not aware that DOD had this subject in their portfolio. He will be working with Dr

  7. Do Military Personnel Patent

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    following questions: In what fields are military personnel most likely to patent , and how do demographics, such as age, race, and gender , along with...e606a Jung, T., & Ejermo, O. (2014). Demographic patterns and trends in patenting : Gender , age, and education of inventors. Technological Forecasting...PERSONNEL PATENT ? by Shane A. Bladen December 2016 Thesis Advisor: Latika Hartmann Second Reader: Chad Seagren THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT

  8. Sexual assault in the military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Carl Andrew; Kintzle, Sara; Schuyler, Ashley C; Lucas, Carrie L; Warner, Christopher H

    2015-07-01

    Military sexual assault is a pervasive problem throughout the military services, despite numerous initiatives to end it. No doubt the military's lack of progress stems from the complexity of sexual assaults, yet in order to develop effective strategies and programs to end sexual assault, deep understanding and appreciation of these complexities are needed. In this paper, we describe the root causes and numerous myths surrounding sexual assault, the military cultural factors that may unintentionally contribute to sexual assault, and the uncomfortable issues surrounding sexual assault that are often ignored (such as the prevalence of male sexual assault within the military). We conclude by offering a broad, yet comprehensive set of recommendations that considers all of these factors for developing effective strategies and programs for ending sexual assault within in the military.

  9. Strategic Military Leaders - Leading Tomorrow

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-29

    St ra te gy R es ea rc h Pr oj ec t STRATEGIC MILITARY LEADERS –LEADING TOMORROW BY COLONEL NG WAI KIT Singapore Army DISTRIBUTION...Strategic Military Leaders - Leading Tomorrow 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Ng Kit 5d. PROJECT...STRATEGIC MILITARY LEADERS – LEADING TOMORROW by Colonel Ng Wai Kit Singapore Army Dr. Leonard Wong Project

  10. ETHICS AND THE MILITARY COMMUNITY

    OpenAIRE

    Victor DOBBIN

    2010-01-01

    Military communities differ in how they implement ethics training.Some have well developed programmes while others have only a few stand-alone presentations. For this reason it is difficult to produce a template to suit every situation.Leadership training within the Military is generally of a very high standard and it is particularly important in relation to the development of high moral standards, whereas the training in ethics various considerably throughout the military world.Therefore, ev...

  11. Overweight and obesity in military personnel: sociodemographic predictors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tracey J; Marriott, Bernadette P; Dotson, Laura; Bathalon, Gaston P; Funderburk, Leslee; White, Alan; Hadden, Louise; Young, Andrew J

    2012-07-01

    In the United States, nationally representative civilian studies have shown that BMI is associated with select sociodemographic characteristics. Active-duty military personnel are not included in these surveys and the persistence of these associations in military personnel is unknown. Data from the worldwide, representative 2002 and 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Surveys of Health-Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel were used to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and, the association of BMI with sociodemographic characteristics. The final response bases included 12,756 (2002) and 16,146 (2005) personnel. Results indicated that the combined prevalence of overweight and obesity in military personnel increased to an all-time high in 2005 (60.5%) with higher prevalence of obesity in 2005 compared to 2002 (12.9% vs. 8.7, respectively, P ≤ 0.01). Holding other variables constant, regression analysis indicated that women were significantly less likely than men to be overweight or obese in both survey years (P ≤ 0.0001), which is contrary to civilian data. Similar to civilian data, the prevalence of obesity was significantly associated with increased age, black or Hispanic/Latino race/ethnicity, and being married (P ≤ 0.01). US military personnel are not immune to the US obesity epidemic. Demographic characteristics associated with being overweight should be considered when developing military-sponsored weight management programs.

  12. Explaining Factors of Job Pursuit Intention in Indonesian Military Institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Irfan Syaebani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Reformation brought many changes in public sectors in Indonesia, one of them is Military institution. Reformation required Military to become professional in every organizational aspects, including human resources as a part of resource that need to be manage strategically.  Proficient and competent human resource will help organization reach its vision, missons, and strategic goals. One of the strategy to attract competent human resource is to design the recruitment and selection process in talent management corridor, where organization must identify factors which attracting a candidate to join into organization or simply called job pursuit intention. To find out what factors lead to job pursuit intention into military institution in Indonesia, data was collected using qualitative approach from middle-rank military officer. Their past experiences concerning motives/factors which lead them joined into military were explored. From analysis, it reveals that there are 5 factors which make them joined military; employer familiarity, subjective fit, hiring expectation, economic motive, and nationalism/patriotism motive.

  13. Benefits for Military Veterans with ALS

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Advocate Get Involved Donate Military Veterans Resources for Military Veterans, Families & Survivors The ALS Association is working everyday to ... and Caregivers Newly Diagnosed Clinical Trials Familial ALS Military ... from families living with ALS ALS Registry Augmentative Communication Join ...

  14. Conversion of Abbandoned Military Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiva Marcinkevičiūtė

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the situation of abandoned military sites, their value and significance of their conservation. It also reviews their impact on their environment and their potential in tourism, environmental, economic and social spheres. Further the positive experiences in military sites' conversion are studied. The importance of society's involvement in the conversions is discussed. The situation of XIX-XX age's military object's, the significance of their conservation and their potential in tourism market is separately analysed. The results of two researches are introduced, one of which inquires about the Lithuanian military objects' potential in tourism sphere, another one explores the possibilities of conversion. Article in Lithuanian

  15. The Military Intelligence Officer Corps: Evolving Into the 21st Century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Torrisi, Annette L

    2007-01-01

    For the past two decades the Military Intelligence (MI) Officer Corps of the United States Army, has evolved in response to legislative requirements, organizational culture and the changing security environment of the nation...

  16. The Military and Domestic Disaster Response: Lead Role Revealed Through the Eye of Hurricane Katrina?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Walker, Juliana M

    2006-01-01

    .... During and in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina however the slow and perceived inept response to the massive disaster prompted a national debate on the appropriate role of the military in major domestic disasters...

  17. Sexual Victimization and the Military Environment: Contributing Factors, Vocational, Psychological, and Medical Sequelae

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sadler, Anne

    1997-01-01

    .... A national sample of 558 women veterans completed a computer-assisted telephone interview assessing their experiences with in-military sexual harassment, unwanted sexual touching, physical assault and rape...

  18. The "People" in the PLA: Recruitment, Training, and Education in China's 80-Year-Old Military

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liang, Justin B; Snyder, Sarah K

    2007-01-01

    ...: Recruitment, Training, and Education in China's 80-Year-Old Military." The 2007 PLA Conference, conducted by The National Bureau of Asian Research and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S...

  19. 78 FR 70072 - Meeting of the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ...The Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (MCRMC) was established by the National Defense Authorization Act FY 2013. Pursuant to the Act, the Commission is holding public hearings on the mission of the agency.

  20. A Statistical Analysis of the Deterrence Effects of the Military Services' Drug Testing Policies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martinez, Antonio

    1998-01-01

    .... Using data from the 1995 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Military Personnel and the 1995 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, illicit drug use rates are modeled...

  1. The South African Military and Peace Support Operations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1996-05-04

    ://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za .... linked to a conviction held in military circles that the SANDF has a duty as well as the ability to set an example in ..... operation and administration of the multi-national peace force. He/she ...

  2. East Europe Report, Political, Sociological and Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-10

    Article by Viktor Meier: "In Zagreb the Dogmatists Dream"] [Excerpts] In early summer there was a strike at the " Nikola Tesla " electro- technical...Bucharest garrison. The meeting was opened by Colonel General Marin Nicolescu, deputy minister of national defense. Colonel Nikola Krivlev, military

  3. A Managed Care Model for the Military Departments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-15

    required military readiness and education and 65 training activities. This does not include the resourcing for other assigned missions (e.g. dental ...Firms, Unions Join in National Health Insurance Bid," The Washington Post, (March 15, 1990), Sec. F, p. 1. 17. Dolores Kong, (ed.), "Two Medical Journals

  4. Private military and security companies policy in Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gwatiwa Tshepo

    to the United Nations (UN) in Somalia. They also provide services to international military organisations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the United States Africa Command (US AFRICOM) in Sudan, Somalia and West. Africa. All the aforementioned are the major international security partners of the.

  5. the role of military psychology in peacekeeping operations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Francois

    This article is an interdisciplinary publication focusing on the role and development of military psychology in the South African context. Peacekeeping operations and the results of the first and fifth deployment of the South African. National Defence Force (SANDF) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are used as ...

  6. An Agency Theory View of the Military Advisor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    Principal-Agent Framework to Public Policy and Implementation,” 2003 Research Working Papers, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy [online] Available from...to formulate a coherent view of priorities in national security. In a 1985 presentation to the American Bar Association, Congressman Lee Hamilton...between the military advisor and the civilian principal. 189 Remarks by Lee H. Hamilton in

  7. private military and security companies: ethics, policies and civil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hennie

    security companies form an rising and real feature within the daily life of individuals, communities and states of the international system. International, regional and national security, as well as the security of the individual is increasingly entwined in services provided by private military and security contractors. The editors ...

  8. Iraq Stability: Foreign Military Sales in a New War Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    April2009, 6-10, Military & Government Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed November 6, 2014). l Eric Schmitt and Michael Gordon, "The Iraqi Army Was...Government Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed November 6, 2014). The National Archives. Act of September 26, 1961 (Arms Control and Disarmament Act), Public

  9. Topographic mapping support in the South African military during ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The National Service system allowed for the expansion of mapping units and the thorough mapping of large areas adjoining our borders. Through all five phases, mapping in the South African military has advanced from hand-produced maps to the utilisation of complex equipment that satisfies the sophisticated mapping ...

  10. Implementing Strategic Management of Producibility in Military Hardware Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    APPROVAL L~og No. OF TECHNICAL ARTICLE, PAPER OR SPEECH TO BE PRESENTED OR PUBLISH ED SubmIt 4 bcop" of Clearance Request and 2 copies of * spech or paper...in many free world nations. The common denominator is recognition that the development and acquisition process of military hardware mandates a team

  11. Tobacco Pricing in Military Stores: Views of Military Policy Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elizabeth A; Jahnke, Sara A; Poston, Walker S C; Malone, Ruth E; Haddock, Christopher K

    2016-10-01

    Higher tobacco taxes reduce tobacco use. On military installations, cigarettes and other tobacco products are sold tax-free, keeping prices artificially low. Pricing regulations in the military specify that tobacco should be within 5% of the local most competitive price, but prices still average almost 13% lower than those at local Walmarts. To gain insight into policy leaders' ideas and positions on military tobacco pricing, we interviewed members of the Department of Defense (DoD) Addictive Substances Misuse Advisory Committee and the Advisory Committee on Tobacco about tobacco pricing policies (n = 12). Participants frequently lacked specific knowledge of details of military pricing policy, and the impact higher prices might have on military tobacco use. Most participants thought tobacco should not be sold at military stores, but many also felt that this policy change was unlikely due to tobacco industry pressure, and DoD reliance on tobacco profits to support Morale, Welfare, and Recreation funds. Achieving a tobacco-free military will require changing pricing policy, but this study suggests that for effective implementation, military leadership must also understand and articulate more clearly the rationale for doing so. Previous work has found that adherence to military tobacco pricing policy is inconsistent at best. This study suggests that lack of knowledge about the policy and conflicting pressures resulting from the funding stream tobacco sales represent extend to high level military policy leaders. Without clearer information and direction, these leaders are unlikely to be able to establish and implement better tobacco pricing policy. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. National Security and National Development: A Critique

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    The usual answer to the crime level is to equip the coercive agencies, that is, the police and the military .... When society begins to honour and recognize people who became rich through dubious and questionable means as ... fraud (419), trafficking, and other crimes that are threatening our national security. Health Issues.

  13. Burns and military clothing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, A D

    2001-02-01

    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under

  14. A Study of Military Technopolitics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Katrine

    , governments and military services hope to introduce game-changing military technologies that are ‘better, faster and cheaper’, investing heavily in research and development of AWS. In this paper, I wish to map the different and competing practices of critique and justification that shape the technopolitical...

  15. Economic Conditions of Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosek, James; MacDermid Wadsworth, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors found that the economic circumstances of military families are good, certainly much improved compared with even a decade ago. The military context is nonetheless challenging, with long hours, dangerous work, frequent transfers, and stressful absences during deployment. Service members receive relatively high pay and…

  16. The Death of Military Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Military Court of Appeals ruled in United States v. Beeker that “the use or possession of marihuana was service connected because the use or...possession . . . of marihuana and narcotics has a special military significance since their use has ‘disastrous effects on the health, morale and fitness

  17. Between security and military identities: The case of Israeli security experts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassiani, Erella

    2018-02-01

    The relationship between private security professionals and the military in Israel is complex. While there is growing attention to the fact that security and military actors and their activities are becoming increasingly blurred, the Israeli case shows something different. In this ground-up analysis of the relationship between private security practices and the military, I investigate its constant negotiation by private security professionals through their identification with and differentiation from the military, whereby they reconfigure the meaning of military capital. This identity work should be understood, I propose, within the strongly militarist context of Israeli society, where military capital is highly valued. I argue that actors who exit the military system feel the need to demonstrate the added value of their work in the private sector in order for it to gain value in the light of the symbolic capital given to the military. I analyse these processes as leading to a new kind of militarism, which includes security skills and ideas about professionalism. Such an approach sheds new light on the ways in which security actors can actively reconfigure the workings of military capital in and outside the nation-state and produce a different kind of militarism.

  18. A PERSPECTIVE ON MILITARY MEDICAL SERVICE ROLE IN STABILIZATION OPERATIONS: EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE MEDICAL SERVICE CAPABILITIES INMEDICAL DIPLOMACY

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-06

    operations: the National Security Strategy, National Defense Strategy, and National Military Strategy, National Security Presidential Directive 44, and...when necessary.” -National Security Presidential Directive 44 E...Introductory Remarks by the Under-Secretary-General for the Department of Management to the UN General Assembly Fifth Committee. Retrieved from

  19. Taiwan’s Paradoxical Perceptions of the Chinese Military

    OpenAIRE

    Ding, Arthur S.; Huang, Paul A.

    2012-01-01

    Against the backdrop of China’s thriving economic development since the 1980s, the rapid modernisation of the People’s Liberation Army has always been Taiwan’s top national security concern. This article argues that, despite the military threat posed by the Chinese military to Taiwan, China’s changing policy toward the island, combined with the US determination to remain the leading power in the Asia-Pacific region, and the realisation of the complexity of Taiwan politics by the Chinese leade...

  20. [Military ecology and military hygiene: the concept of an interaction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mel'nichenko, P I; Zholus, B I; Makhnenko, A A; Merkushev, I A

    2000-06-01

    At the modern level of society development, on the one hand its Armed Forces are the object that requires the defense from unfavourable effect of environmental factors, on the other hand they are potential source of ecology worsening. The problem of ensuring ecological safety in the army and navy becomes urgent. In order to solve this problem first of all it is necessary to develop the conceptual bases of military ecology. Among all medical sciences the military hygiene by purpose, tasks, subject and objects is the most close to military ecology.

  1. On Military Innovation: Toward an Analytical Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, Andrew L.

    2010-01-01

    What is military innovation? How should we think about Chinese military innovation? By developing an analytical framework that captures both the components of military innovation (technology, doctrine, and organization) and the continuum of change, we can better assess the nature, extent, and importance of contemporary Chinese military innovation.

  2. 31 CFR 29.333 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 29.333 Section 29... Satisfied by June 30, 1997 § 29.333 Military service. (a) For employees who entered on duty on or before June 30, 1997, and whose military service was performed prior to that date, credit for military service...

  3. The Ambiguity of Foreign Military Assistance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Henrik

    This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya.......This study tests the argument that Foreign Military Assistance and the consequently professionalizing of the recipient military has a positive effect on the process of democratization in Kenya....

  4. Comparison of visual status of Iranian military and commercial drivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghasemi, Mohammad; Hoseini Yazdi, Seyed Hosein; Heravian, Javad; Jafarzadehpur, Ebrahim; Rezaee, Maryam

    2015-04-01

    There is no legal requirement for Iranian military truck drivers to undergo regular visual checkups as compared to commercial truck drivers. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of drivers' visual checkups by comparing the visual function of Iranian military and commercial truck drivers. In this comparative cross-sectional study, two hundred military and 200 commercial truck drivers were recruited and their Visual Acuity (VA), Visual Field (VF), color vision and Contrast Sensitivity (CS) were assessed and compared using the Snellen chart, confrontation screening method, D15 test and Pelli-Robson letter chart, respectively. A questionnaire regarding driving exposure and history of motor-vehicle crashes (MVCs) was also filled by drivers. Results were analyzed using an independent samples t-test, one-way ANOVA (assessing difference in number of MVCs across different age groups), chi-square test and Pearson correlation at statistical significance level of P truck drivers and 43.4 ± 10.9 for commercial truck drivers (P > 0.05). No significant difference between military and commercial drivers was found in terms of driving experience, number of MVCs, binocular VA, frequency of color vision defects and CS scores. In contrast, the last ocular examination was significantly earlier in military drivers than commercial drivers (P < 0.001). In addition, 4% of military drivers did not meet the national standards to drive as opposed to 2% of commercial drivers. There was a significant but weak correlation between binocular VA and age (r = 0.175, P < 0.001). However, CS showed a significantly moderate correlation with age (r = -0.488, P < 0.001). The absence of legal requirement for regular eye examination in military drivers caused the incompetent drivers to be missed in contrast to commercial drivers. The need for scientific revision of VA standard for Iranian drivers is also discussed. The CS measurement in visual checkups of older drivers deserves to be investigated more

  5. Intellectual Reflection and Civil-Military Relations in Lithuania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šlekys Deividas

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Civil-military relations in Lithuania have serious deficiencies, which have appeared because of the emulation of a recommended Western model of civilian control. After regaining Independence, Lithuania had the difficult task of creating its armed forces and system of national defence following the Western model. At the same time we had to implement two political programs: to create functioning armed forces and a institutional-legal system of democratic civil-military control. However, this control is not only proper laws and functioning institutions. Equally, an important role must be given to intellectual reflection, which enables the posing of questions such as: what is war; how is the character of war changing; how does this affect Lithuanian defence policies and the perception of threats? Raising such questions inside the armed forces and in wider political and civil society is an essential condition for having effective and flexible civilian control over the military.

  6. Replacing Military Personnel in Some Support Positions With Federal Civilians

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-03

    Principal Analyst, National Security Division Replacing  Military   Personnel  in Some  Support Positions With Federal Civilians This presentation contains...data from and includes other information published in CBO’s Replacing  Military   Personnel  in  Support Positions With Civilian Employees, www.cbo.gov...2CONGRESS IONAL  BUDGET  OFFICE Transferring to civilians certain jobs  currently held by  military   personnel  could  reduce costs and increase DoD’s focus

  7. Peacekeeping and stability operations: a military surgeon's perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starnes, Benjamin W

    2006-06-01

    Military surgeons serve a unique role in peacekeeping and stability operations and in response to natural disasters. Military medical units are the best medical resource to respond early in times of cri-sis but are often less equipped for prolonged missions and subsequent management of the chronic health care needs of the masses. Because endemic and host-nation diseases often add complexity to the management of these cases, military surgeons must perform operations outside the scope of their usual civilian practice. The primary medical mission is to treat the peacekeeping force, but the reality lies in eventually treating the refugees and victims of hostile conflict, including women, small children, and the elderly. This article explores the unique features of a surgeon's role in the support of these missions.

  8. Military-related sexual assault in Canada: a cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Kimberley; Bennett, Rachel; Zamorski, Mark A; Richer, Isabelle

    2017-06-22

    Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696). The sample was weighted to be representative of the entire Canadian Armed Forces Regular Force population in 2012 (n = 67 776), as per Statistics Canada requirements. We assessed lifetime trauma exposure and past-year mental disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. We defined lifetime military-related sexual assault as forced sexual activity or unwanted sexual touching that occurred on deployment or in another military workplace, or was perpetrated by Department of National Defence or Canadian Armed Forces personnel. We defined all other sexual assault as non-military-related sexual assault. Self-reported sexual assault was more prevalent among women (non-military-related sexual assault 24.2%, military-related sexual assault 15.5%) than men (5.9% and 0.8%, respectively). About a quarter of women with military-related sexual assault reported experiencing at least 1 event on deployment. After covariates were controlled for, military-related sexual assault was independently associated with any lifetime and any past-year mental disorder (adjusted odds ratio 2.9 and 3.0, respectively) and lifetime and past-year posttraumatic stress disorder (adjusted odds ratio 4.3 and 4.1, respectively). Canadian military women are at increased risk for sexual assault and military-related sexual assault relative to their male counterparts. Deployment may be a period of elevated risk for military-related sexual assault, and

  9. Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-01

    frequented by military families and by emailing announcements to military family life administrators located in all 50 states. Military couples were...1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-2-0131 TITLE: Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Knobloch...Reintegration Difficulty of Military Couples Following Deployment 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-14-2-0131 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  10. Leading Change: Military Leadership in Civilian Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    lead to a very frustrating stalemate for both the military leader and the organization they join. LEADING CHANGE: MILITARY LEADERSHIP IN...Civilian adds, “For the military leader , managing a civilian workforce is different from leading military subordinates.”4 Military members must...must plot a course to get the organization on the right path. Finally, the leader must lead and manage change in their organization while keeping

  11. Soviet Military Power 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Even the "re- to the economic foundations of Soviet military power. vised" defense budget released by Gorbachev in 1989 The USSR’s economic crisis ...sectirity policy aind SoX jet I Ilion III Crisis , the celchi’ations, of peoples InI doctrine have called for ai ilc\\\\ analyticail f’raniewoik lot’ LaitaI uif...still po,,sssSes a vaSt an1(l (1,LaIi[-L’etS e il( the Irak ." limi1ted detuton o equipment lillitary- ar1sena,’l xxhiCh mu1It he respclCted fb its

  12. Review of mobile health technology for military mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Jay H; Aldag, Matt; McVeigh, Francis L; Hoover, Ronald L; Ciulla, Robert; Fisher, Ashley

    2014-08-01

    Mental health problems pose challenges for military veterans, returning service members, and military family members including spouses and children. Challenges to meeting mental health needs include improving access to care and improving quality of care. Mobile Health, or "mHealth," can help meet these needs in the garrison and civilian environments. mHealth brings unique capabilities to health care provision through the use of mobile device technologies. This report identifies high-priority mHealth technology development considerations in two categories. First, priority considerations specific to mental health care provision include safety, privacy, evidence-based practice, efficacy studies, and temperament. Second, priority considerations broadly applicable to mHealth include security, outcomes, ease of use, carrier compliance, hardware, provider perspectives, data volume, population, regulation, command policy, and reimbursement. Strategic planning for the advancement of these priority considerations should be coordinated with stated Department of Defense capability needs to maximize likelihood of adoption. This report also summarizes three leading, military programs focused on mHealth projects in mental health, The Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, The Military Operational Medicine Research Program, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and The National Center for Telehealth and Technology. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. Military Gay Ban Revisited: Is our Military Ready for Change?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender ] (LGBT) rights is exploited by those seeking to divide us. But at its core, this issue is about who we are as...support from the lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgender (LGBT) community and in return made several campaign promises along the way. One of the campaign...Legislative History of the Law Regarding Homosexuals in the Military. Center for Military Readiness. (22 August 2008). Donnelly, Elaine. The

  14. Military Economy and the Military Reform in Russia in 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Zatsepin; Elena Trofimova; Vitaly Tsymbal

    2012-01-01

    The transition to “a new image” of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation that started back in 2008 and continued through 2011 was clearly planned, as the Russian top military leaders affirmed. In practice, however, these plans proved to be “unbaked” and required online corrections and removal of deficiencies. This paper deals with the acute issues of the Russian Military Reform throughout 2011.

  15. Shrinking the Civil-Military Divide: A Military Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    http://www.loc.gov/ teachers /classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/amrev/co ntarmy/newyork.html. (accessed February 6...print and media attacking then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld.17 This unprecedented display of public disagreement between former military...and 21% of officers report having a career-military parent . An additional 39% of the Army had a parent who served, but did not make a career in

  16. Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jorgensen, Brent M

    2005-01-01

    "Outsourcing Small Wars: Expanding the Role of Private Military Companies in U.S. Military Operations" argues that, under current domestic and international laws, and current military regulations and doctrine...

  17. 32 CFR 724.405 - Commandant of the Marine Corps or the Commander, Naval Military Personnel Command.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Naval Military Personnel Command. 724.405 Section 724.405 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL NAVAL DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARD Principal Elements of the Navy Department Discharge Review System § 724.405 Commandant of the Marine Corps or the Commander, Naval Military...

  18. Integration in the Ranks: Explaining the Effects of Social Pressure and Attitudinal Change on U.S. Military Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-25

    Integrate Democratiic Lae ’ Policy Preferences Military Need Military’s Policy Preferences Interest Groups Legislature’s Policy Preferences Public...During the campaign, many opposed to his candidacy portrayed Clinton as a draft- dodger, and painted him soft on defense and out of touch with national

  19. A Call to Duty: Educational Policy and School Reform Addressing the Needs of Children from Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esqueda, Monica Christina; Astor, Ron Avi; De Pedro, Kris M. Tunac

    2012-01-01

    More than 90% of the nation's 1.2 million military children attend civilian-operated public schools. Education researchers, however, often overlook the educational experiences and needs of military children attending civilian-operated public schools (i.e., schools that are administered by and under the purview of local education agencies). This…

  20. Comparative International Military Personnel Policies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Harries-Jenkins, Gwyn

    1998-01-01

    .... It is particularly concerned with issues relating to the recruitment and retention within the military of homosexuals, that is, those individuals who have a sexual propensity for persons of their own gender...

  1. MilitaryPayDecnService

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — Supports operations to access/update data related to (Compensation and Pension) Awards. This service will also support business processes such as reading military...

  2. ETHICS AND THE MILITARY COMMUNITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor DOBBIN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Military communities differ in how they implement ethics training.Some have well developed programmes while others have only a few stand-alone presentations. For this reason it is difficult to produce a template to suit every situation.Leadership training within the Military is generally of a very high standard and it is particularly important in relation to the development of high moral standards, whereas the training in ethics various considerably throughout the military world.Therefore, even though we regard our ethics programme to be of a very high standard there is always the need to review what we have in place and update it. Codes of Ethics need to be revised from time to time and we can gain valuable insight from sharing and comparing our training programmes with other militaries.

  3. Army Military Land Tracts (AMLT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — This data set is part of a collection of real estate data concerning current and historic military installations whose real property interests are managed by the...

  4. Genetic Counseling in Military Hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    mother allegedly mistreated for preeclampsia at Tripler Army Medical Center could maintain an action for medical malpractice nothwithstanding Feres.1 2...perinatologists at most military hospitals perform genetic counseling. Due to their primary responsibilities fo management of high risk pregnancies

  5. Western Military Culture and Counterinsurgency:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    francois

    that industrial Western military culture negatively influenced the ability to wage .... revolution occurred when Western troops started to pay attention to local support for ... The fourth principle is the priority of the fight against the insurgents'.

  6. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 37 - What Is the Civil-Military Integration Policy That Is the Basis for Technology Investment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Pt. 37, App. A Appendix A to Part 37—What Is the Civil-Military Integration Policy That... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What Is the Civil-Military Integration Policy That Is the Basis for Technology Investment Agreements? A Appendix A to Part 37 National Defense...

  7. Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Military Personnel and Veterans: What Does the Literature Tell Us? Suicide & Life- Threatening Behavior...ABSTRACT: Research suggests that both the military/Veteran and the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations may be at increased...in Individuals with a History of Traumatic Brain Injury. To be submitted to Brain Injury. As of September 2013, the MSRC responded to 44 media

  8. Military Adaptation to Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    of Defense United States of America Environment, Energy Security and Sustainability Symposium (May 9-12, 2011) Military Adaptation to Climate Change ...2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Adaptation to Climate Change 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER... climate change . …” Remarks at the Halifax International Security Forum, Halifax, Nova Scotia Nov 2009 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review For the first

  9. Advancing Military Professionalism in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    president, Gamal Abdel Nasser , was a former military officer. So were successive leaders, Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak, amassing 59 years of de facto...The military simultaneously paved the way for its commander, General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, to run for and win one-sided presidential elections in...President General Ould Abdel Aziz commanded the Autonomous Presidential Security Battalion (BASEP) for more than 15 years. While heading up this

  10. Global health diplomacy training for military medical researchers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Rebecca; Blazes, David; Bae, Jennifer; Puntambekar, Nisha; Perdue, Christopher L; Fischer, Julie

    2014-04-01

    Given the unprecedented growth of global health initiatives in the past decade, informal diplomacy between technical partners plays an increasingly important role in shaping opportunities and outcomes. This article describes a course developed and executed specifically to equip U.S. military health professionals with core skills in practical diplomacy critical to help them successfully plan and implement public health surveillance, research, and capacity building programs with partner nation governments and organizations. We identified core competencies in practical diplomacy for laboratory and public health researchers, catalogued and evaluated existing training programs, and then developed a pilot course in global health diplomacy for military medical researchers. The pilot course was held in June 2012, and focused on analyzing contemporary issues related to global health diplomacy through the framework of actors, drivers, and policies that affect public health research and capacity-building, beginning at the level of global health governance and cooperation and moving progressively to regional (supranational), national, and institutional perspective. This course represents an approach geared toward meeting the needs specific to U.S. military public health personnel and researchers working in international settings. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  11. Military Health System Transformation Implications on Health Information Technology Modernization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Saad

    2018-02-06

    With the recent passage of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, Congress has triggered groundbreaking Military Health System organizational restructuring with the Defense Health Agency assuming responsibility for managing all hospitals and clinics owned by the Army, Navy, and Air Force. This is a major shift toward a modern value-based managed care system, which will require much greater military-civilian health care delivery integration to be in place by October 2018. Just before the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 passage, the Department of Defense had already begun a seismic shift and awarded a contract for the new Military Health System-wide electronic health record system. In this perspective, we discuss the implications of the intersection of two large-scope and large-scale initiatives, health system transformation, and information technology modernization, being rolled out in the largest and most complex federal agency and potential risk mitigating steps. The Military Health System will require an expanded unified clinical leadership to spearhead short-term transformation; furthermore, developing, organizing, and growing a cadre of informatics expertise to expand the use and diffusion of novel solutions such as health information exchanges, data analytics, and others to transcend organizational barriers are still needed to achieve the long-term aim of health system reform as envisioned by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017. © Association of Military Surgeons of the United States 2018. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12. LGBT in the Military: Policy Development in Sweden 1944-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundevall, Fia; Persson, Alma

    This article contributes to the growing field of research on military LGBT policy development by exploring the case of Sweden, a non-NATO-member nation regarded as one of the most progressive in terms of the inclusion of LGBT personnel. Drawing on extensive archival work, the article shows that the story of LGBT policy development in the Swedish Armed Forces from 1944 to 2014 is one of long periods of status quo and relative silence, interrupted by leaps of rapid change, occasionally followed by the re-appearance of discriminatory policy. The analysis brings out two periods of significant change, 1971-1979 and 2000-2009, here described as turns in LGBT policy. During the first turn, the military medical regulation protocol's recommendation to exempt gay men from military service was the key issue. During these years, homosexuality was classified as mental illness, but in the military context it was largely framed in terms of security threats, both on a national level (due to the risk of blackmail) and for the individual homosexual (due to the homophobic military environment). In the second turn, the focus was increasingly shifted from the LGBT individual to the structures, targeting the military organization itself. Furthermore, the analysis shows that there was no ban against LGBT people serving in the Swedish Armed Forces, but that ways of understanding and regulating sexual orientation and gender identity have nonetheless shaped the military organization in fundamental ways, and continue to do so.

  13. “Real Men Die Wrapped in Horsehide” and Other Tales of Modern Military Heroism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Frühstück

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available D. Colin Jaundrill. Samurai to Soldier: Remaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2016. Nicolas Schillinger. The Body and Military Masculinity in Late Qing and Early Republican China: The Art of Governing Soldiers. New York: Lexington Books, 2016. Historians D. Colin Jaundrill and Nicolas Schillinger have given us two books full of excellent reasons for historians to take the militarism of modernity most seriously. Despite the similarities across modernizing nation-states, as well as of notions of the modern man across national boundaries—on the surface at least—Jaundrill and Schillinger have two rather different puzzles to solve. In Japan, the modern soldier emerged from a long-standing warrior tradition. In China, the modern military emerged from the previous social and cultural neglect of the military; it was instead shaped to overcome the “sick man of East Asia” (dongya bingfu notion that was omnipresent around the turn of the twentieth century.... These scholars have turned the next corner of the historical analysis of military establishments in modern East Asia. They apply different critical methodologies to show the enormity of resources that have been invested in establishing and maintaining the military. They show how militaries as institutions shape and transform societies and how they have aggressively—and sometimes subtly—shaped and reshaped social processes and identities. Now, the rest of us just need to listen—or, rather, read.

  14. MILITARY TEXTILE MATERIALS FOR EXTREME WEATHER CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TSOUTSEOS Athanasios

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Despite the leaps in technology in warfare and modern weaponry, the human soldier remains the most important aspect of a competitive army. Military textile materials are an essential, yet often neglected, factor that protect the soldier and enable his or her actions in varying fields around the globe. The participation of most countries in larger military or peacekeeping organisations like the NATO and the UN involves the extension of the geographical areas of activity in environments varying greatly from the soldiers’ country of origin. Protection from the varying weather conditions and comfort are important factors for the optimal operational ability of a person in humanitarian actions or at combat field. Research in performance textiles has given rise to various forms of multilayered clothing and functional membranes with several commercial tradenames. These performance textiles aim at specialized sports and recreational activities as mountain climbing, hiking and cycling, among others. Additional advancements involve even more specialized function like the incorporation of microelectronics monitoring of vital signals of the human body or for the control of equipment. The incorporation of such technological advancements is a current challenge for the national and international military forces that inherit a set of strict procedures. These procedures involve standardization, detailed technical descriptions, cost and of course customs particular to each force. On the other hand, the advancements cannot be neglected and the numbers of soldiers involved are significant to enable the need for change. Current paper is concentrated on the clothing and fabric developments relating to the protection of the soldiers from extreme weather conditions.

  15. Monitoring and Assessment of Military Installation Land Condition under Training Disturbance Using Remote Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rijal, Santosh

    Various military training activities are conducted in more than 11.3 million hectares of land (> 5,500 training sites) in the United States (U.S.). These training activities directly and indirectly degrade the land. Land degradation can impede continuous military training. In order to sustain long term training missions and Army combat readiness, the environmental conditions of the military installations need to be carefully monitored and assessed. Furthermore, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and the U.S. Army Regulation 200-2 require the DoD to minimize the environmental impacts of training and document the environmental consequences of their actions. To achieve these objectives, the Department of Army initiated an Integrated Training Area Management (ITAM) program to manage training lands through assessing their environmental requirements and establishing policies and procedures to achieve optimum, sustainable use of training lands. One of the programs under ITAM, Range and Training Land Assessment (RTLA) was established to collect field-based data for monitoring installation's environmental condition. Due to high cost and inefficiencies involved in the collection of field data, the RTLA program was stopped in several military installations. Therefore, there has been a strong need to develop an efficient and low cost remote sensing based methodology for assessing and monitoring land conditions of military installations. It is also important to make a long-term assessment of installation land condition for understanding cumulative impacts of continuous military training activities. Additionally, it is unclear that compared to non-military land condition, to what extent military training activities have led to the degradation of land condition for military installations. The first paper of this dissertation developed a soil erosion relevant and image derived cover factor (ICF) based on linear spectral mixture (LSM) analysis to assess and

  16. THE MILITARY STATE IN SOUTH AMERICA: INTERVENTIONISM, CAUDILLOS AND ARMED FORCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PEDRO RIVAS NIETO

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available In this work the author analyzes the elements of the Military State, which was the result of National Security Regimes. They ruled South America during the last third of the 20th century. The behaviour of the Armed Forces is compared with that of the classic caudillos. The Armed Forces-Civil Society relationship is studied too. And, of course, the intervention in political issues by the military and their relationship with political parties is also analyzed, as well. The conclusion ends with an analysis of the authoritarian nature of Military State.

  17. Right Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    U.S. Army War College, April 2006). Richard Meinhart , “National Military Strategies: 1990-2005,” in J. Boone Bartholomees, Jr., ed., U.S. Army War...RIGHT SIZING THE PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY : EXPLORING THE CONTOURS OF CHINA’S MILITARY Edited by Roy Kamphausen Andrew Scobell September 2007 This...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Right Sizing the People’s Liberation Army : Exploring the Contours of China’s Military 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c

  18. Rape trauma syndrome in the military courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, S A

    1995-01-01

    The military courts have developed a rich case law tradition in the area of rape trauma syndrome testimony. These cases are particularly important in the context of a military that is both increasingly female and increasingly sensitive to mixed gender relationships. This article reviews the military court's approach to rape trauma testimony over the past 15 years. The author notes that military courts have been accepting of this testimony within certain well defined limits. The author analyzes the approach to testimony at one military medical center and offers a testimony model for the forensic psychiatrist who testifies in a military setting.

  19. Internati militari italiani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Immacolata Macioti

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Oggi, a sessanta anni di distanza, in un mutato contesto, in una Italia meno povera, più protesa sul futuro, alcuni dei militari di allora hanno pubblicato scarni brani di diario, hanno offerto memorie ricostruite oggi, a partire da furtivi e forzatamente rapidi appunti di allora: emerge un materiale inedito che da un lato contribuisce a dare elementi per una ricostruzione storica, dall’altra ha certamente un valore affettivo, familiare: si fa sentire, evidentemente, l’esigenza di raccontare cosa è avvenuto perché si sente il dovere della memoria. Perché si riconosce il diritto alla memoria delle giovani generazioni, dei propri nipoti. Nei decenni trascorsi i ricordi si sono forse stemperati, si è imparato a conviverci. Si è probabilmente più in grado, a distanza di decenni, di fare una rilettura dei fatti di allora, di farsene una ragione. Di cercare di attribuire a questa devastante esperienza un qualche senso, un significato. E quindi oggi alcuni parlano, altri scrivono. Dicono che nella cattività hanno riscoperto la libertà, la democrazia.

  20. Affairs of State: The Interagency and National Security

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marcella, Gabriel

    2008-01-01

    The war colleges of the United States are a unique national asset. They are centers of academic excellence for preparing military and civilian officers for higher positions in the national security system...

  1. GIS applications for military operations in coastal zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, S.; Jordan, T.; Madden, M.; Usery, E.L.; Welch, R.

    2009-01-01

    In order to successfully support current and future US military operations in coastal zones, geospatial information must be rapidly integrated and analyzed to meet ongoing force structure evolution and new mission directives. Coastal zones in a military-operational environment are complex regions that include sea, land and air features that demand high-volume databases of extreme detail within relatively narrow geographic corridors. Static products in the form of analog maps at varying scales traditionally have been used by military commanders and their operational planners. The rapidly changing battlefield of 21st Century warfare, however, demands dynamic mapping solutions. Commercial geographic information system (GIS) software for military-specific applications is now being developed and employed with digital databases to provide customized digital maps of variable scale, content and symbolization tailored to unique demands of military units. Research conducted by the Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science at the University of Georgia demonstrated the utility of GIS-based analysis and digital map creation when developing large-scale (1:10,000) products from littoral warfare databases. The methodology employed-selection of data sources (including high resolution commercial images and Lidar), establishment of analysis/modeling parameters, conduct of vehicle mobility analysis, development of models and generation of products (such as a continuous sea-land DEM and geo-visualization of changing shorelines with tidal levels)-is discussed. Based on observations and identified needs from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, formerly the National Imagery and Mapping Agency, and the Department of Defense, prototype GIS models for military operations in sea, land and air environments were created from multiple data sets of a study area at US Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Results of these models, along with methodologies for developing large

  2. From Citizen Militia to Professional Military: Transformation of the Roman Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-15

    infantry. Realizing the spirit of the nation was too weak for compulsory military service, Caesar abandoned associating military service with honorary...Halsall, October 1998). Text available on line: http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/ancient/63sallust.html, chapters 11-16. 22Naphtali Lewis and Reinhold ...VelleiusPaterculus2_Shipley.htm. 53Naphtali Lewis and Meyer Reinhold , Roman civilization, Selected Readings, vol. 1, The Republic (New York: Columbia

  3. Military Diplomacy: An Essential Tool for Foreign Policy at the Theater Strategic Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-25

    practitioners, the likes of Sun Tzu, Frederick the Great, Carl von Clausewitz , and Alfred Thayer Mahan, recognized the interconnectedness of these...the elements of national power. Two European icons of the 18th and 19th century military community, Frederick the Great and Carl von Clausewitz , advance...Frederick the Great for His Generals. Carl von Clausewitz book, On War, is perhaps the most influential work on military theory to date, inextricably

  4. Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-08

    space module is based on the Russian Soyuz capsule . Israel has also historically been a supplier of advanced military technology to China. The...United States) as well as opportunities (e.g., the collapse of the Soviet Union) that might prompt an adjustment in national strategy. China’s leaders...including Operation ENDURING FREEDOM and Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, Soviet and Russian military theory, and the PLA’s own, albeit limited, combat history

  5. Calling for a Truce on the Military Divorce Battlefield: A Proposal to Amend the USFSPA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    available at http://www.nmfa.org/FactSheets/Issues2001.pdf; Telephonic Interview with Margaret Hallgren , President, National Military Family...Association, Inc. (Jan. 19, 2001) [ Hallgren Interview] ( Hallgren expects to testify during hearing on this and other USFSPA issues before the next Congress... Hallgren Interview, supra note 184 (stating that the members of The Military Coalition work together towards reform, but do not always agree on the issues

  6. Amazon, priority for Brazilian National Defense Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pereira, Sergio

    2000-01-01

    .... The Brazilian national defense policy, issued in 1996, the first in the history of the country, established directives to orient the Brazilian military strategic planning as well as diplomatic...

  7. 77 FR 58295 - National Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve Week, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... retaining members of the Guard and Reserve, and by creating a culture of military support in the workplace... flexibility and care they need during deployment. At a time when our Nation has asked so much of our troops... veterans and military spouses, and to help workplaces create environments that support military families...

  8. Identifying military impacts on archaeology deposits based on differences in soil organic carbon and chemical elements at soil horizon interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Historic Preservation Act requires land-managing agencies to identify and account for their impacts on archaeological resources. Regulatory agencies that oversee compliance with historic preservation legislation frequently assume military training adversely affects archaeological resou...

  9. Introduction: military neurosurgery, past and present.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimo, Paul; Ragel, Brian T

    2010-05-01

    For a physician has the worth of many other warriors, both for the excision of arrows and for the administration of soothing drugs. Homer, Iliad XI.514-515 Ever since armed conflict has been used as a means to settle disputes among men, there have been those who have been tasked to mend the wounds that ravage a soldier's body from the weapons of war. The Iliad portrays the pivotal 10th year of the legendary Trojan War, during which a schism in the Greek leadership prolongs the extended siege of the city of Troy. In the midst of this martial epic come the lines quoted above, quietly attesting to the value of the military physician, even under the crude conditions of the Greek Dark Age. They are uttered by Idomeneus, one of the foremost Greeks, when he is enjoining one of his comrades, Nestor, to rescue the injured Greek physician Machaon and take him back from the line to treat his wounds. He is afraid that Machaon will be captured by the Trojans, a loss far greater than that of any other single warrior. Duty to country has helped shape the careers of many neurosurgeons, including iconic US figures such as Harvey Cushing and Donald Matson. This issue of Neurosurgical Focus celebrates the rich history of military neurosurgery from the wars of yesterday to the conflicts of today. We have been humbled by the tremendous response to this topic. The 25 articles within this issue will provide the reader with both a broad and an in-depth look at the many facets of military neurosurgery. We have attempted to group articles based on their predominant topic. We also encourage our audience to read other recently published articles. The first 8 articles relate to the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. The lead article, written by Randy Bell and colleagues from the National Naval Medical Center and Walter Reed Army Medical Center, discusses what is arguably one of the most important contributions by military neurosurgeons from these 2 conflicts: the rapid and aggressive

  10. "Polite People" and Military Meekness: the Attributes of Military Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel V. Didov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the phenomenon of "polite people" from the point of view of the history and theory of ethical thought. Identify and specify ethical principles that form the basis of military courtesy. On the basis of the revealed regularities, the study proves that ethics is impossible without a certain power attributes, which constitute its core. In relation to the traditions of Russian warriors revealed the key role to their formation of the Orthodox ethics and the military of meekness. The obtained results can serve as material for educational activities for the formation of fighting spirit.

  11. 14 CFR 61.73 - Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. 61.73 Section 61.73 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Ratings and Pilot Authorizations § 61.73 Military pilots or former military pilots: Special rules. (a...

  12. 78 FR 5717 - Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Military Ocean Terminal Concord Safety Zone, Suisun Bay, Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Interim rule and... Suisun Bay near Military Ocean Terminal Concord, CA in support of military onload and offload operations...

  13. 14 CFR 65.117 - Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule. 65.117 Section 65.117 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION... Riggers § 65.117 Military riggers or former military riggers: Special certification rule. In place of the...

  14. Determination of cordycepin content of Cordyceps militaris ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HPLC) for the determination of cordycepin content of Cordyceps militaris recombinant rice. Methods: Cordyceps militaris recombinant rice was made by mixing brown rice with artificial Chinese caterpillar fungus culture medium powder using ...

  15. Use of dietary supplements by military personnel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Greenwood, M. R. C; Oria, Maria

    2008-01-01

    .... Given the importance and frequent evaluation of physical performance and health as a criteria to join and remain in the military, the use of these products by military personnel has raised concern...

  16. Civilian Combatants, Military Professionals? American Officer Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    relative along these criteria. The Military Profession Harold Lasswell , Samuel Huntington, and Morris Janowitz argued that military officers are... Lasswell , ‘The Garrison State’, American Journal of Sociology (1941) p.455; Morris Janowitz, The Professional Soldier: A Social and

  17. The Revolution in Military Affairs: Allied Perspectives

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Laird, Robbin

    1999-01-01

    The revolution in military affairs (RMA) is an American concept that frames a debate about the restructuring of American military forces in the period of globalization of the American economy. A core task for U.S...

  18. Space Power, The Revolution in Military Affairs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gibson, Robert

    2001-01-01

    Space power is the true revolution in military affairs. With the United States undisputed as the world leader in space, it is the responsibility of America's military to ensure we retain space superiority...

  19. Future United States Military Organizational Structure

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Babb, William

    2001-01-01

    .... This has lead to much discussion of a Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA). One question that arises in that discussion is whether or not the military is properly organized to meet these future challenges...

  20. Women and Military Leadership in Pharaonic Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth D. Carney

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Literary and artistic testimonies imply that several Egyptian queens of the 17th and 18th Dynasties exercised military authority or were represented as doing so, a response to the military crises of the period.

  1. Military Families: Child Care Support During Deployments

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Military Families: Child Care Support During Deployments Page Content ... Deployment and Children Smooth School Transitions: Tips for Military Families Helping Children Adjust to a Move A ...

  2. Military Social Work Thinking in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian D. van Breda

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Military social workers in South Africa have developed distinctive ways of thinking about military social work. These developments have been influenced by various contextual factors, such as the transition of South Africa to a non-racial democracy in 1994 and the establishment of a military social work research capacity. These factors contributed to new ways of thinking, such as the recognition that military social work has a mandate to facilitate organizational change and the adoption of a resilience perspective. A central development in military social work thinking in South Africa was the formulation of a Military Social Work Practice Model, which is described and illustrated in some detail. This model emphasizes binocular vision (focusing on the interface between soldiers and the military organization and four practice positions, derived from occupational social work theory. The author notes the importance of creating appropriate contexts that facilitate further developments in military social work theory.

  3. Lessons for Libya? Flawed Policy and the Inevitability of Military Failure: The Anglo-French Suez Expedition of 1956

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-28

    rise of Arab nationalism as advocated by Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser . On 23 July 1952, a military coup in Egypt deposed King Farouk. The...OMEGA in March 1956 to destabilize the Nasser regime by non- military means. Commensurate with OMEGA, the U.S. refused to provide funds for the...construction of the Aswan Dam. In response, Nasser would take his most aggressive act of defiance by nationalizing the Suez Canal on 26 July 1956. To

  4. Military Personnel Attrition and Retention: Research in Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    NATIONAL ANALYSES OF ATTRITION 13 H. Wallace Sinaiko and Kenneth C. Scheflen AIR FORCE ATTRITION RESEARCH: ANALISIS OF PRE- AND POST- 15 ENLISTMENT FACTORS...expected satisfaction, lower attraction to the military role, lower percep- tions of work group attraction and expected leader structure ,.lower internal...extensive costs-benefit analyses. It is hrped that’ this research outline will aid in the structuring of retention research efforts. Wtis important to

  5. Civil-Military Relations and Democratization in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    created Centro De Estudios Estrategicos Para La Estabilidad National {Centro ESTNA). Centro ESTNA was designed to bring military officers, civilians...because of 54 Gabriel Aguilera Peralta, El Proceso de Paz en Guatemala 1987-1996, Revista Estudios Internationales, Ano 7-Volumen7-No. 14, (Julio...Guatemala 1987-1996." Revista Estudios Internacionales, Ano 7-Volumen7-No.l4, (Julio-Deciembre 1996), Guatemala CA. Byrne, Hugh. "The Peace Process

  6. Military Veterans’ Experiences in For-Profit Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    AND SUBTITLE Military Veterans’ Experiences in For-Profit Higher Education 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...of accredited public and private higher education institutions— and was funded by the Lumina Foundation for Education. We were asked to study...in higher education institutions from across the nation.5 As shown in Figures 1 and 2, both the focus group and survey samples included a

  7. Should Cost: A Strategy for Managing Military Systems Money

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Defense AT&L: March-April 2016 38 Should Cost A Strategy for Managing Military Systems’ Money Jennifer A. Miller Miller is a Cost Analyst of the...National Guard Bureau Headquarters. She formerly served as a financial manager for Nuclear Weapons Center and also supported the Armament Directorate’s...years passed, and I ended up directly handling should cost for the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center’s (AFLCMC) Armament Directorate at Eglin

  8. Commercial Caffeinated Products for Military Use: Customer Acceptability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    product variety and quantity. Survey instruments and consumer behavior assessments were used to formulate recommendations regarding product types to...Mastix Medica 100 mg/ pc; 5 pc/pkg 5 Beef Jerky Lightning Rods Synergy Beef Stick Power Hungry Foods LLC 75 mg/ stick 1 Sunflower Seeds SumSeeds...for the sustainment of mental task performance: Formulations for military operations. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2001. Graham TE

  9. The Critical Shortage of Military Chaplains: One Possible Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Chaplain (Colonel) Sanford Dresin (USA-Ret), Director of M ilitary Programs for the Aleph Institute for5 advice and guidance on preparing this article...Chassidic Rabbi as a SDF Chaplain (Tenenbaum, 2007). The decision was to contact the Aleph -Institute, a Lubavitch Chabad affiliated national 501(c)(3...missions ( Aleph Institute, n.d.): Providing critical social services to families in crisis The Critical Shortage of Military Chaplains: One Possible

  10. A Descriptive Study on the Military Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammed Kürşad Özlen; Anes Zukic

    2013-01-01

    This study provides more complete deliberation of the current practices of leadership in the surveyed Armed Forces. This study aims to descriptively identify the degree of motivating military leadership, military environment, characteristics of military leaders and military leadership benefits in the selected army. The research method conducted was based on survey of 200 respondents in Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina and descriptive analyses of the survey data. According to the results...

  11. The Role of Communication in Military Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Lewińska

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to discuss the role of communication in military leadership. First of all, basic terms related to communication, command and military leadership are explained. In the following parts of the paper it is intended to answer the question contained in the title: what is the role of communication in the military leadership? To precise the issue: is the role of communication in military organisations similar to civilian leadership and management or does it significantly differ?

  12. The Role of Communication in Military Leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Lewińska

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to discuss the role of communication in military leadership. First of all, basic terms related to communication, command and military leadership are explained. In the following parts of the paper it is intended to answer the question contained in the title: what is the role of communication in the military leadership? To precise the issue: is the role of communication in military organisations similar to civilian leadership and management or does it significantly differ?

  13. Combat Readiness for the Modern Military Surgeon: Data from a Decade of Combat Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    of cases on US service members, allied nation ser- vice members, civilian contractors, enemy combatants, and local nationals. Numerous medical and...Illinois, in September 2011. Address for reprints: Joshua A. Tyler, MD, Department of General Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, MCHE- SDG , 3851

  14. Requirements for AMLCDs in U.S. military applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, Darrel G.; Desjardins, Daniel D.

    1995-06-01

    compared to 1.5 years for civil products. Thus far there is no convincing evidence that the large volume commercial product approach for combat systems will meet the combat performance specification or be cheaper from a life cycle cost perspective. National and economic security requirements require some military/avionic-grade AMLCD production domestically (i.e. in the U.S. and/or Canada). Examples of AMLCD demand and performance requirements in U.S. military systems are provided.

  15. 5 CFR 831.301 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... disability retirement, who is receiving a Veterans Administration pension or compensation in lieu of military... Administration pension or compensation and have the military service added to civilian service for annuity... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 831.301 Section 831.301...

  16. 78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... veterans and military spouses. My Administration is also taking action to improve mental health care and... Documents#0;#0; ] Proclamation 9048 of October 31, 2013 Military Family Month, 2013 By the President of the... women of the United States military do not serve alone. Standing alongside them are husbands and wives...

  17. fighting military corruption in latin america

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    plt

    military culture and improve military administration are accompanying this uncovering bias. For example, specific tools and methodology10 are being developed to assess and measure military governance and integrity. It appears that, despite the citizens' fear inherited from decades of violent dictatorship, the armed forces ...

  18. 7 CFR 1400.213 - Military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military personnel. 1400.213 Section 1400.213... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.213 Military personnel. If a person is called to active duty in the military before a determination is made that the person is...

  19. 14 CFR 13.21 - Military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military personnel. 13.21 Section 13.21... INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Legal Enforcement Actions § 13.21 Military personnel. If a report made... civilian employee of the Department of Defense who is subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U...

  20. 49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military personnel. 1503.407 Section 1503.407... Assessment of Civil Penalties by TSA § 1503.407 Military personnel. If a report made under this part... the Department of Defense who is subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C. chapter 47...

  1. Weight Change Following US Military Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    reserved 0307 0565/ 12 www.nature.com/ ijo ORIGINAL ARTICLE Weight change following US military service AJ Littman1•2, IG Jacobson3, EJ Boyko\\ TM...0.1 038/ ijo .2012.46 Keywords: military veterans; weight gain; prospective; cohort; posttraumatic stress disorder, military deployment INTRODUC110N

  2. Support for Military Families and Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoshmand, Lisa Tsoi; Hoshmand, Andrea L.

    2007-01-01

    This is a call for community psychologists to engage in research, consultation, and program development and evaluation in supporting military families and communities. Barriers to such involvement are identified and discussed. It is argued that the needs of military families and communities cannot be ignored when military and civilian communities…

  3. The Barracks Subculture of Military School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poliakov, R. Iu.

    2011-01-01

    The subcultures that develop among military students have a powerful influence on their values and behavior, and in some situations are more influential than the official, military culture. Any attempt to improve levels of discipline in the military cannot afford to ignore these subcultures. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.

  4. 5 CFR 842.306 - Military service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military service. 842.306 Section 842.306... EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Credit for Service § 842.306 Military service. (a) Except as...' Retirement System Act of 1986, an employee's or Member's military service is creditable if it was performed...

  5. Obesity and the US Military Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanofsky-Kraff, Marian; Sbrocco, Tracy; Theim, Kelly R.; Cohen, L. Adelyn; Mackey, Eleanor R.; Stice, Eric; Henderson, Jennifer L.; McCreight, Sarah J.; Bryant, Edny J.; Stephens, Mark B.

    2014-01-01

    Objective This review discusses the current knowledge and future directions regarding obesity within the US military family (i.e., active-duty servicemembers, as well as military spouses, children, retirees, and veterans). The increasing rates of overweight and obesity within the US military adversely impact military readiness, limit recruitment, and place a significant financial burden on the Department of Defense. Design and Methods The following topics are reviewed: 1) The prevalence of and the financial, physical, and psychological costs associated with overweight in military communities; 2) military weight regulations, and challenges faced by the military family related to overweight and disordered eating; 3) the continued need for rigorous program evaluations and new intervention development. Results Overweight and its associated sequelae impact the entire military family. Military families share many similarities with their civilian counterparts, but they face unique challenges (e.g., stress related to deployments and relocations). Although the military has weight management resources, there is an urgent need for rigorous program evaluation and the development of enhanced obesity prevention programs across the lifespan of the military family–several of which are proposed herein. Conclusions Interdisciplinary and collaborative research efforts and team-based interventions will continue to inform understanding of obesity treatment and prevention within military and civilian populations. PMID:23836452

  6. Truth and (self) censorship in military memoirs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleinreesink, E.; Soeters, J.M.M.L.

    2016-01-01

    It can be difficult for researchers from outside the military to gain access to the field. However, there is a rich source on the military that is readily available for every researcher: military memoirs. This source does provide some methodological challenges with regard to truth and (self)

  7. MILITARY LAW PRACTITIONERS AND ACADEMIC DISCOURSE: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There has been limited development in South African military law since the inception of the Union Defence Force in 1912. Military law has mainly evolved as a way to enforce discipline in a force consisting of mostly conscripted members, and a historical comparison of the relevant legislation shows no renewal in military.

  8. 78 FR 15755 - Submission for Renewal: Information Collection; Questionnaire for National Security Positions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Renewal: Information Collection; Questionnaire for National Security Positions... persons under consideration for or retention in national security sensitive positions as defined in... national security. The SF 86 is completed by civilian employees of the Federal Government, military...

  9. The Military of the New South Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mandrup, Thomas

    African National Defence Force (SANDF) has played a critical and until now relatively unnoticed role in South Africa’s transition from international isolation as a “pariah” state and a source of instability to “peacemaker”. This will be explored by means of a comparative qualitative case-based analysis...... in the South African government’s foreign policy drive in Africa. However, the new foreign policy role prerequisite that the state uses it military tool, the SANDF, in accordance with internal law and dominant norms. The role of the defence force stand in stark contrast to the role played by the old South......Preface Today, you, South Africans, are for the world, for Africa, for France, a model. A model for harmony between communities with such different roots. A model for good governance. A model for cultural diversity…. (Dominique De Villepin, 2003) This book attempts to demonstrate that the South...

  10. The military airship; a Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-12-15

    34Building Barrage Ballons ," Coast Artillery Journal. 85:20, 21, Nov. 1942. Chandler, Charles DeF. "Military Observation Balloons," Field Artillery...34Captive Balloon Training," Marine Corps Gazette, 27:19,20, Mar. 1943. Hawthorneb Harry L. "Balloons and Dirigibles in War," Coast Artillery Journal...Airship Return," Canadian Army Journal, 3:5-7, Sep. 1949. "Japan: Dirigibles ," Review of Current Military Writings, 7:378, Jan-Mar, 1928. "Japanese

  11. The Effects of Exhaustive Military Activities in Man. The Performance of Small Isolated Military Units in Extreme Environmental Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    Means of Rapid Recuperation [les Effets d’activites militaires prolongees sur ’homme. Changements physiologiques et iochimiques. Moyens possibles de...isolated military units especially under extreme climatic conditions present a series of problems. Most nations do have such units dedicated to these...coastline and its deep fjords by dogsledges. The patrolled coastline thus expands to about 40.000 km. The weather during winter is a harsh Arctic climate

  12. Emerging Challenges in the China-US Strategic Military Relationship

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacobson, E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Goldstein, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2017-05-08

    The Emerging Challenges in the China-­US Strategic Military Relationship workshop, held at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security Research (CGSR) on March 28th and 29th, 2017, sought to identify and explore key factors in the evolving bilateral relationship with an emphasis on security issues. Participants broadly agreed that while the US-­China relationship remains stable, particularly in the nuclear domain, the overall relationship is trending negatively. As the People’s Republic of China (PRC) continues to experience economic and technological growth, its military strength is also increasing. This increase in military strength as well as Chinese actions in the region have led to increasing uneasiness amongst the United States and its allies. At the same time, it appears that China views the downturn in bilateral relations as the fault of the United States; in particular, former President Obama’s rebalance policy, and the discussions of and deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system. Concern was expressed regarding the overall stability of the US-­China military relationship, and it was noted that strategic stability is less stable than before due to conventional balance shifts and the increased risks of escalation.

  13. Military flight through time; 20th lustrum Dutch Military Aviation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hosseini, S.; Scholtes, A.

    2013-01-01

    This year marks the 100th anniversary of Dutch military aviation. Quite a number of aircraft have made their entry and served the Netherlands throughout the past couple of years. The 20th Aviation Department of the VSV ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ takes special interest in this lustrum celebration and

  14. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-05

    organizations is more than half. A reduction in children’s incidence of illness (ensuring its minimum level), the strict observation of nutritional norms, the...is Beautiful 9 FOR YOU, CULINARY SPECIALISTS Gifts of the Forest 8 National Kitchen Day 5 How to Prepare Kvas 10 IN THE NOTEBOOK FOR THE REAR

  15. Military sexual trauma among homeless veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavao, Joanne; Turchik, Jessica A; Hyun, Jenny K; Karpenko, Julie; Saweikis, Meghan; McCutcheon, Susan; Kane, Vincent; Kimerling, Rachel

    2013-07-01

    Military sexual trauma (MST) is the Veteran Health Administration's (VHA) term for sexual assault and/or sexual harassment that occurs during military service. The experience of MST is associated with a variety of mental health conditions. Preliminary research suggests that MST may be associated with homelessness among female Veterans, although to date MST has not been examined in a national study of both female and male homeless Veterans. To estimate the prevalence of MST, examine the association between MST and mental health conditions, and describe mental health utilization among homeless women and men. National, cross-sectional study of 126,598 homeless Veterans who used VHA outpatient care in fiscal year 2010. All variables were obtained from VHA administrative databases, including MST screening status, ICD-9-CM codes to determine mental health diagnoses, and VHA utilization. Of homeless Veterans in VHA, 39.7 % of females and 3.3 % of males experienced MST. Homeless Veterans who experienced MST demonstrated a significantly higher likelihood of almost all mental health conditions examined as compared to other homeless women and men, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, bipolar disorders, personality disorders, suicide, and, among men only, schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. Nearly all homeless Veterans had at least one mental health visit and Veterans who experienced MST utilized significantly more mental health visits compared to Veterans who did not experience MST. A substantial proportion of homeless Veterans using VHA services have experienced MST, and those who experienced MST had increased odds of mental health diagnoses. Homeless Veterans who had experienced MST had higher intensity of mental health care utilization and high rates of MST-related mental health care. This study highlights the importance of trauma-informed care among homeless Veterans and the success of VHA homeless

  16. PTSD in the military: special considerations for understanding prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment following deployment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Yehuda

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Given the unique context of warzone engagement, which may include chronic threat, multiple and lengthy deployments, and loss, there is a need to understand whether and to what extent knowledge about PTSD derived from studies of civilian trauma exposure is generalizeable to the military. This special issue on PTSD in the military addresses a range of issues and debates related to mental health in military personnel and combat veterans. This article provides an overview of the issues covered in selected contributions that have been assembled for a special volume to consider issues unique to the military. Several leading scholars and military experts have contributed papers regarding: 1 prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems in different NATO countries, 2 the search for biomarkers of PTSD and the potential applications of such findings, and 3 prevention and intervention approaches for service members and veterans. The volume includes studies that highlight the divergence in prevalence rates of PTSD and other post-deployment mental health problems across nations and that discuss potential causes and implications. Included studies also provide an overview of research conducted in military or Veteran's Affairs settings, and overarching reviews of military-wide approaches to research, promotion of resilience, and mental health interventions in the Unites States and across NATO and allied ISAF partners.

  17. Family-centered care for military and veteran families affected by combat injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozza, Stephen J; Holmes, Allison K; Van Ost, Susan L

    2013-09-01

    The US military community includes a population of mostly young families that reside in every state and the District of Columbia. Many reside on or near military installations, while other National Guard, Reserve, and Veteran families live in civilian communities and receive care from clinicians with limited experience in the treatment of military families. Though all military families may have vulnerabilities based upon their exposure to deployment-related experiences, those affected by combat injury have unique additional risks that must be understood and effectively managed by military, Veterans Affairs, and civilian practitioners. Combat injury can weaken interpersonal relationships, disrupt day-to-day schedules and activities, undermine the parental and interpersonal functions that support children's health and well-being, and disconnect families from military resources. Treatment of combat-injured service members must therefore include a family-centered strategy that lessens risk by promoting positive family adaptation to ongoing stressors. This article reviews the nature and epidemiology of combat injury, the known impact of injury and illness on military and civilian families, and effective strategies for maintaining family health while dealing with illness and injury.

  18. Model describing the effect of employment of the United States military in a complex emergency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacMillan, Donald S

    2005-01-01

    The end of the Cold War vastly altered the worldwide political landscape. With the loss of a main competitor, the United States (US) military has had to adapt its strategic, operational, and tactical doctrines to an ever-increasing variety of non-traditional missions, including humanitarian operations. Complex emergencies (CEs) are defined in this paper from a political and military perspective, various factors that contribute to their development are described, and issues resulting from the employment of US military forces are discussed. A model was developed to illustrate the course of a humanitarian emergency and the potential impact of a military response. The US intervention in Haiti, Northern Iraq, Kosovo, Somalia, Bosnia, and Rwanda serve as examples. A CE develops when there is civil conflict, loss of national governmental authority, a mass population movement, and massive economic failure, each leading to a general decline in food security. The military can alleviate a CE in four ways: (1) provide security for relief efforts; (2) enforce negotiated settlements; (3) provide security for non-combatants; and/or (4) employ logistical capabilities. The model incorporates Norton and Miskel's taxonomy of identifying failing states and helps illustrate the factors that lead to a CE. The model can be used to determine if and when military intervention will have the greatest impact. The model demonstrates that early military intervention and mission assignment within the core competencies of the forces can reverse the course of a CE. Further study will be needed to verify the model.

  19. Military experience can influence Women's eating habits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breland, Jessica Y; Donalson, Rosemary; Nevedal, Andrea; Dinh, Julie V; Maguen, Shira

    2017-11-01

    Disordered eating, ranging from occasional binge eating or restriction to behaviors associated with eating disorder diagnoses, is common among military personnel and veterans. However, there is little information on how military service affects eating habits. To describe possible pathways between military service and disordered eating among women veterans, a high risk group. Twenty women veterans who reported changing eating habits in response to stress participated in audio-recorded focus groups or dyadic interviews between April 2013 and October 2014. We used thematic analysis of transcripts to identify and understand women's self-reported eating habits before, during, and after military service. Participants reported entering the military with varied eating habits, but little disordered eating. Participants described several ways military environments affected eating habits, for example, by promoting fast, irregular, binge-like eating and disrupting the reward value of food. Participants believed military-related stressors, which were often related to gender, also affected eating habits. Such stressors included military sexual trauma and the need to meet military weight requirements in general and after giving birth. Participants also reported that poor eating habits continued after military service, often because they remained under stress. For some women, military service can result in socialization to poor eating habits, which when combined with exposure to stressors can lead to disordered eating. Additional research is needed, including work to understand possible benefits associated with providing support in relation to military weight requirements and the transition out of military service. Given the unique experiences of women in the military, future work could also focus on health services surrounding pregnancy-related weight change and the stress associated with being a woman in predominantly male military environments. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Pushing the Limits of Military Coercion Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2011-01-01

    The centrality of military coercion in contemporary Western crisis and conflict management constitutes a major policy problem because the United States and its allies are poor at translating their overwhelming military superiority into adversary compliance. The standard explanation provided...... military coercion works and how the practical problems involved could be addressed. Our understanding of military coercion would be increased markedly if only coercion theorists would make a greater efforts to do three things, namely (1) provide clear operational definitions of key concepts and variables...... the principal theoretical propositions with a firmer empirical foundation and make military coercion theory more useful for policy makers....

  1. El Rio De Gente: U.S. Military Role In Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and Multi-National (JIIM) Operations to Help Manage the River of People from Central America to the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    resort to 27 crime as a survival mechanism. Illegal immigrants in large numbers can strain local healthcare and education systems and generally...thank my wife and children for their patience, support, and understanding throughout this research project process. Family is always first, but...transported through these networks originate in Latin America. Illegal immigration and associated crime constitute a national security threat to

  2. Harvey Cushing and the battle of Boston common: military medical preparedness for world war one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutkow, Eric; Rutkow, Ira

    2010-07-01

    To explore the events and people that shaped Harvey Cushing, one of the nation's leading surgeons, into a political actor as he rallied support for the issue of military medical preparedness for World War One. In a little remembered episode of American medical history, for 2 years before the nation's formal entry into World War One in April 1917, Harvey Cushing attempted to garner political and professional support for the idea of military medical preparedness. His efforts, including the proposed construction of a functioning Base Hospital on Boston Common, sparked controversy in a public that was torn between maintaining neutrality and going to war. An analysis of Harvey Cushing's unpublished letters, manuscripts, and papers located at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. While Harvey Cushing's crusade for military medical preparedness failed to win over the local public, it helped convince national military leaders that the civilian medical community was ready to assist in the war. This, in turn, laid the foundation for much of the American medical establishment's success on the battlefields of World War One. The disagreement surrounding the Battle of Boston Common, as Harvey Cushing had labeled the debate, reveals both how, even at the brink of war, ideas formulated on the war front could not be translated to the home front, and how early military medical preparedness, although national in character, was commanded by only a few select voices.

  3. National security of Russia in the Arctic: Problems and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanov G. V.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper contains the analysis of actual problems of national security of Russia in the Arctic. The author has come to the conclusion that the threats of military security of the Russian Federation in the Arctic region are of rising character and the development of modern military-political situation suggests that large-scale use of military forces in the Arctic zone is unlikely and possible resolution of conflicts lies in the international legal area

  4. Western Military Culture and Counterinsurgency:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    francois

    limited force and concentrate on non-military tasks ranging from agricultural assistance to administration. This requires armed forces “to embrace change and new ideas, and cease holding on doggedly to preconceived theories and orthodox solutions”.51. How does this occur in the realty of counterinsurgency campaigns?

  5. HISTORY OF MILITARY STRATEGIC THOUGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elitsa Stoyanova Petrova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the origin of the strategy and focuses on the historical development of theories of strategy and strategic management.  It presents the fundamental theories of strategy; ancient treatises on strategy; thoughts and practices of European military strategists and the American influence on the strategic thought.

  6. Supporting Students from Military Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossen, Eric; Carter, Courtney D.

    2012-01-01

    In the last decade, more than 800,000 parents of school-age children have been deployed by the U.S. military. Many have deployed more than once and for extended periods, often longer than a year. As a result, increasing numbers of students experience significant distress on a daily basis and are at increased risk for behavioral problems, decreased…

  7. 'Military Thinkers and Academic Thinkers'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugegaard, Rikke

    Culture analysis seems to create friction when we try to introduce academic concepts relating to culture to military planners. This friction might be related to the fact that officers and academics do their thinking in different 'spaces'. This paper argues the interface or overlapping space between...

  8. Military Influence in Russian Politics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    sindrom 41-go." Novoe vremya, No. 8 (February volunteers over conscripts, and the Navy 1991); Maj. Gen. V.G. Strekozov, "Zakony ob oborone i statuse...for the military was 35 per of servicemen had such "backward" cent ( down from 44 per cent in political view•.iii One tends to agree December, 1989

  9. Cultural Dimensions of Military Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    cross-cultural awareness training in various commercial sectors, the field of cross-cultural communication (also known as intercultural communication...advanced language skills, and culture and regional expertise with the goals to promote a rethinking of culture and intercultural competence, and how... Intercultural Competence” (Center for Languages, Cultures, and Regional Studies, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY), 4. 34Headquarters

  10. Strategies for Allocation of the US Federal Budget: Military and Innovative Dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glukhova Darya A.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to define the conceptual framework and features of priority directions in redistribution of the US federal funds. This subject is very relevant because it discloses a system of financing and allocations of the most powerful state in the world in many aspects. The article describes the structure of government funding of the national military sector and directions of the modernization of the US military-industrial complex. It has been determined that in the global expansion of military actions the USA in no case remain aloof from the given events. Manufacturing the US military products plays a key role in the defense industry not only of the country itself but also the international community as a whole. For Ukraine, with the complications in its military-political situation, the cooperation with the United States and inclusion of the financial assistance to our country in its federal budget are very important. The mentioned directions for allocating the received funds in the amount of $ 300 mln by the Ukrainian government confirm the support by the American state of our military equipment and modernization of the national defense industry

  11. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES APPLIED TO THE MODERN LOGISTICS OF MILITARY SYSTEMS/EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile ŞERBĂNESCU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The nations that achieve cyberpower will command influence in global affairs economically, culturally, militarily, and politically in the decades ahead. Military cyberpower is the application of the domain of cyberspace to operational concepts to accomplish military objectives and missions, and influence operations, as well as warfighting. Infotronics Technologies intertwine advanced information and electronics systems intelligence and enable autonomous business functions and objectives through the use of internet and other tether-free technologies (i.e. wireless, web,…. The modern logistics of military systems / equipment imply core technologies such as Watchdog Agent for Predictive Prognostics, Web-enabled Smart D2B (device to business, Platform and Tools for Data Transformation, Optimization, and Synchronization, Applied Wireless Technologies and Logistics Infotronics Agent (LIA. The hereby article argues that traceability, predictability and diagnosticability through advanced technologies will lead the armed forces to the life cycle logistics approach for interoperability and optimal cost of military systems / equipment.

  12. Prior Military Service, Identity Stigma, and Mental Health Among Transgender Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoy-Ellis, Charles P; Shiu, Chengshi; Sullivan, Kathleen M; Kim, Hyun-Jun; Sturges, Allison M; Fredriksen-Goldsen, Karen I

    2017-02-01

    Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults. We used a subsample of transgender older adults (n = 183) from the 2014 survey of Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS). We employed weighted multivariate linear models to evaluate the relationships between psychological health-related quality of life (HRQOL), depressive symptomatology (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale [CES-D] scores), identity stigma, and prior military service, controlling for background characteristics. Identity stigma was significantly related with higher depressive symptomatology and lower psychological HRQOL. Having a history of prior military service significantly predicted lower depressive symptomatology and higher psychological HRQOL. The relationships between psychological HRQOL, identity stigma, and prior military service were largely explained by depressive symptomatology. Prior military service significantly attenuated the relationship between identity stigma and depressive symptomatology. By identifying the role of military service in the mental health of transgender older adults, this study provides insights into how prior military service may contribute to resilience and positive mental health outcomes. Directions for future research are discussed. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Commissariats of Military Industry during the Great Patriotic War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. V. Il’In

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Strengthening national defense by building up military and economic potential was the most important vital task of the Soviet Union during the whole period of its existence. The price of enormous effort of labor, research and design teams, huge material and financial costs in the course of the prewar five-year plans in the Soviet Union was paid and incurred to create the military-industrial complex (MIC - sector of social production, designed to provide security for the state in armed struggle. The core of the DIC were four industry: Commissariat of Aviation Industry (NCAP, the People’s Commissariat of ammunition (NBC weapons Commissariat (IEC and the People's Commissariat of the shipbuilding industry (NCSP, formed in accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on January 11, 1939 by separation of the People's Commissariat of Defense Industry of the USSR. They became a separate group of central government, designed to provide measures for the implementation of strategic decisions of the military and political leadership of the country. Objective assessment of commissariats effectiveness were the results of their operations in wartime. From this point of view it is necessary to ascertain performance of its mission - to supply front with modern means of warfare. Largely due to this fact, the Soviet Union won in serious confrontation with the military-industrial complex military industry of Nazi Germany and its satellites. On the basis of archival documents and testimony of contemporaries the article shows the contribution of the defense industry in the Soviet Union's victory in the Great Patriotic War.

  14. Legal Implications of Military Uses of Outer Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catena, Johanna

    2002-01-01

    Acquisition of Space Weapons, the Legal, Political and Military Impact for International Peace and At the dawn of a new century an immediate danger is upon us: The weaponization of outer space, including potential cost implications upon the prospect of ushering an era of peace and prosperity. But, can such statements be explained as pure sentimentality for hopes of a new era? Or is the danger misplaced that the threat to peace and security is an ever more ominous? By militarising outer space one could monitor crisis areas that could become a potential threat and this would in turn build confidence and security amongst nations. However the Outer Space Treaty prohibits placing in orbit nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. This does not include other military systems. Many countries feel the prohibition should be extended in the Treaty. Other military systems may involve anti-satellite weapons, (ASATS), emitting or simply placing technologies in space using laser and /or particle beams from space to intercept presently specific military targets such as ballistic missiles and hostile satellites, but in the future this may extend to destroying a target on earth. Military presence in space however, is not founded on weapons alone, but also through military surveillance systems and seen by some countries as an effective measure in verification on arms control. It is also seen as intensifying an arms race. At the forefront of the debate for space weapons is the possibility of countries deploying a National Missile Defence system. How does one reconcile such a system with present treaties? There has always been a direct relationship between weapons and space exploration, particularly if traced through the history of the late nineteenth century to the era of the space race. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, (1857 - 1935), was one of the founders to astronautics. Robert Goddard, (1882-1945) an Englishman, developed Tsiolkovskys' work further. He built the first liquid

  15. Family issues associated with military deployment, family violence, and military sexual trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Cira

    2011-12-01

    Today's military has a greater percentage of families and children in comparison with previous generations. There are many, and unique, demands on military families made by the ongoing conflicts, and military life can be stressful. The presence of an increasing number of stressors is associated with an increased likelihood of domestic violence in military families and sexual trauma in service members. In this article, literature and research are presented to provide an overview of military deployment and families, and the effect of deployment on families; this is followed by a review of research on family violence and military sexual trauma. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. British-Zionist Military Cooperation in Palestine, 1917-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen M. Saleh

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The essence of the British military and security formula in Palestine was the smooth establishment of the Jewish national home with minimum costs of lives and money. However, this British pro-Zionist policy created a continuous security problem, and opened the door to all possibilities of Palestinian revolts and uprisings of both national and religious nature. The British were very active in disarming the Arabs and adopted stringent measures to crush their uprisings and revolts. But, they turned a blind eye to the Jewish arms smuggling and Jewish military organizations, especially, the Hagana, which later became the backbone of the Israeli Army. During Palestinian uprisings of 1920, 1921 and 1929 against the Zionists, most of the Palestinian casualties were inflicted by the British forces despite the fact that the Palestinians avoided attacking the British. The British-Zionist cooperation reached its peak during the Palestinian revolt of 1936-1939, and took different forms, including allowing the Jews to establish a military force of twenty two thousand men under the pretext of protecting the Jewish community.

  17. Sixty years of the Military technical courier: A jubilee in sight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša N. Gaćeša

    2012-01-01

    ; however, unfavorable historical reasons pushed them unfairly into the background of our memories. We are proud to continue their tradition as well. The journal has been publishing papers dealing with military technical resources and provisions as well as with development, production and exploitation of weapons and military equipment, enhancing its reputation in both military and civilian structures. The journal has developed from a publication for the education of officers in the period of scarce adequate military technical literature to a professional and scientific journal presenting scientific and technical achievements and information important for the development, production and exploitation of weapons and military equipment. The journal's structure, sections and areas of interest have changed with respect to the Army's technical and organizational development and modernization, following the journal's conceptual and editorial policy. During its 60 years of existence, the journal has been changing its characteristics, form and content, aiming to meet the requirements of both practice and science. From 1952 to 1961, it was a professional review for weapon military equipment and supply; until 1966, it was a professional review of the YA branches and services and a YA professional journal onwards. Owing to its editorial policy, the journal continued to improve its conception, orientation, quality and position thus becoming a scientific and professional periodical highly regarded not only in military circles but in academic and scientific circles in the country as well. It has held the title of a professional and scientific journal since 1989. According to the Opinion of the Ministry of Science and Technological Development No 413-00-1201/2001-01 of 12th September 2001, the Military Technical Courier is a publication of special interest for science. Being classified as a scientific journal of national interest by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of

  18. After the Post-9/11 GI Bill: A Profile of Military Service Members and Veterans Enrolled in Undergraduate and Graduate Education. Stats in Brief. NCES 2016-435

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radford, Alexandria Walton; Bentz, Alexander; Dekker, Remmert; Paslov, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    The Post-9/11 GI Bill took effect on August 1, 2009, increasing the education benefits available to military service members who served after September 10, 2001. A previous National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) study used national data collected in 2007-08 to profile military undergraduate and graduate students who received benefits…

  19. Sixty years of the Military Technical Courier: All our jubilees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša N. Gaćeša

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a jubilee which the scientific review Military Technical Courier marks in 2012 - the sixtieth anniversary of regular and continuous publication. The retrospective of marking jubilean anniversaries in the past 60 years offers the evidence of persistent and thorough efforts to develop and improve the quality of the Courier's content. The exhibited reprints show the great dedication of editor's offices and editorial boards as well as the invaluable scientific and professional contribution of numerous authors. The article also deals with today's positions and achievements of the Military Technical Courier which, according to the classification of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia, belongs to the national category of scientific journals.

  20. Ambivalent sexism, stereotypes and values in military population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Zubieta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The increasing presence of women in the public sphere has provoked cultural changes that affect social cognition. These changes implicate social organizations such as the Military. Focusing the interest in approaching modern forms of prejudice in terms of gender inequalities, we studied ambivalent sexism attitudes, values and social dominance orientation in a sample of 238 males and females from the National Military School training to become officials. Results show the presence of sexist attitudes. In sex roles and gender typing, female participants show an androgynous stereotype probably related to the need to present themselves closer to men in order to assume leadership.

  1. Prevalence and severity of mental disorders in military personnel: a standardised comparison with civilians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, S; Goodwin, L; Höfler, M; Jacobi, F; Strehle, J; Zimmermann, P; Wittchen, H-U

    2017-04-01

    Provision and need for mental health services among military personnel are a major concern across nations. Two recent comparisons suggest higher rates of mental disorders in US and UK military personnel compared with civilians. However, these findings may not apply to other nations. Previous studies have focused on the overall effects of military service rather than the separate effects of military service and deployment. This study compared German military personnel with and without a history of deployment to sociodemographically matched civilians regarding prevalence and severity of 12-month DSM-IV mental disorders. 1439 deployed soldiers (DS), 779 never deployed soldiers (NS) and 1023 civilians were assessed with an adapted version of the Munich Composite International Diagnostic interview across the same timeframe. Data were weighted using propensity score methodology to assure comparability of the three samples. Compared with adjusted civilians, the prevalence of any 12-month disorder was lower in NS (OR: 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5-0.99) and did not differ in DS. Significant differences between military personnel and civilians regarding prevalence and severity of individual diagnoses were only apparent for alcohol (DS: OR: 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.6; NS: OR: 0.2, 95% CI: 0.1-0.6) and nicotine dependence (DS: OR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.6; NS: OR: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.7) with lower values in both military samples. Elevated rates of panic/agoraphobia (OR: 2.7, 95% CI: 1.4-5.3) and posttraumatic stress disorder (OR: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.3-8.0) were observed in DS with high combat exposure compared with civilians. Rates and severity of mental disorders in the German military are comparable with civilians for internalising and lower for substance use disorders. A higher risk of some disorders is reduced to DS with high combat exposure. This finding has implications for mental health service provision and the need for targeted interventions. Differences to previous US and UK studies that

  2. Suicide in the Army National Guard: An Empirical Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, James

    2012-01-01

    Since 2004, suicides in the U.S. military have risen, most notably in the Army National Guard (ARNG). Data used in this study were obtained for suicides occurring from 2007 to 2010 and for a random sample of nonsuicides from the general ARNG population. Of the military-related variables considered, a few showed relationships to suicide. Rather,…

  3. The Millennium Cohort Family Study: a prospective evaluation of the health and well-being of military service members and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crum-Cianflone, Nancy F; Fairbank, John A; Marmar, Charlie R; Schlenger, William

    2014-09-01

    The need to understand the impact of war on military families has never been greater than during the past decade, with more than three million military spouses and children affected by deployments to Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Understanding the impact of the recent conflicts on families is a national priority, however, most studies have examined spouses and children individually, rather than concurrently as families. The Department of Defense (DoD) has recently initiated the largest study of military families in US military history (the Millennium Cohort Family Study), which includes dyads of military service members and their spouses (n > 10,000). This study includes US military families across the globe with planned follow-up for 21+ years to evaluate the impact of military experiences on families, including both during and after military service time. This review provides a comprehensive description of this landmark study including details on the research objectives, methodology, survey instrument, ancillary data sets, and analytic plans. The Millennium Cohort Family Study offers a unique opportunity to define the challenges that military families experience, and to advance the understanding of protective and vulnerability factors for designing training and treatment programs that will benefit military families today and into the future. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. [Volgograd military hospital--70 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novikov, V Ia; Alborov, Z Ts

    2012-01-01

    History of the Volgograd military hospital dates back to July 24, 1941, when on the basis of the regional children's bone tuberculosis sanatorium in Krasnodar was transformed into 2150th military hospital consisted of 240 beds. Since May 1944 relocated in the city of Stalingrad became a garrison hospital. Today the hospital is a multidisciplinary health centre of the Russian Defense Ministry. Annually, the hospital performed at least 3000 surgical procedures, including more than 37%--are complex. In surgery, improved endovideosurgical direction, over 31% of emergency operations performed using this method. Since December 2009 the hospital became a structural division of the District Hospital in 1602 in Rostov on Don. The close connection between the branch and district hospital allows for complex diagnostic situations to consult leading experts, including consultation, thus ensuring the most effective treatment results.

  5. Organizational commitment of military physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

    2009-09-01

    An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics.

  6. Family Resilience in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meadows, Sarah O.; Beckett, Megan K.; Bowling, Kirby; Golinelli, Daniela; Fisher, Michael P.; Martin, Laurie T.; Meredith, Lisa S.; Osilla, Karen Chan

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Military life presents a variety of challenges to military families, including frequent separations and relocations as well as the risks that service members face during deployment; however, many families successfully navigate these challenges. Despite a recent emphasis on family resilience, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) does not have a standard and universally accepted definition of family resilience. A standard definition is a necessary for DoD to more effectively assess its efforts to sustain and improve family resilience. RAND authors reviewed the literature on family resilience and, in this study, recommend a definition that could be used DoD-wide. The authors also reviewed DoD policies related to family resilience, reviewed models that describe family resilience and identified key family resilience factors, and developed several recommendations for how family-resilience programs and policies could be managed across DoD. PMID:28083409

  7. Military Retention. A Comparative Outlook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile Sminchise

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the main goals for human resources management structures and for armed forces leaders is to maintain all necessary personnel, both qualitatively and quantitatively for operational needs or for full required capabilities. The retention of military personnel is essential to keep morale and unit readiness and to reduce the costs for recruiting, training, replacement of manpower. Retention rates depend not only on money or other social measures. The goal for retention is to keep in use the most valuable resource that belongs to an organization: the human beings and their knowledge. The aim pf this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of retention measures in various countries based on Research and Technology Organisation report released in 2007 and, thus, provide more examples of retention measures as far as the Romanian military system is concerned.

  8. 15TH Conference on Military Medicine, "A Challenge to Readiness: Maintaining Currency in Military Education"

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cloonan, Clifford

    2002-01-01

    ...: Maintaining Currency in Military Medical Education." These Proceedings serve as a record of the Service's Surgeons General nominees' contributions toward predicting the changes that will affect military medical practice over the next twenty to thirty...

  9. Implications of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) on China's Military Modernization

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Torelli, Paul A

    1999-01-01

    ...) to the US and its allies in the Pacific. In addition to examining the traditional dimensions of military capability, this report specifically addresses the implications of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) on this assessment...

  10. MILITARY CONSTRUCTION: Kaiserslautern Military Community Center Project Continues to Experience Problems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kutz, Gregory D; Causseaux, Bruce A; Dorn, Terrell G

    2008-01-01

    The Kaiserslautern Military Community Center (KMCC) is one of many projects initiated at Ramstein Air Base to upgrade capabilities of the base as a result of the consolidation of military bases in Europe...

  11. Private Military and Security Contractors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    In Private Military and Security Contractors: Controlling the Corporate Warrior a multinational team of 16 scholars and a practitioner from political science, sociology, and law address a developing phenomenon: controlling the use of privatized force by states in international politics. Robust......-informed synthesis of micro- and macro-levels of analysis, producing new insights into the challenges of controlling the agents of organized violence used by states for scholars and practitioners alike....

  12. Military Applications of Augmented Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    interest in AR technology has a long history. The Ultrasound Augmented Reality project [State et al(1996)] is one note- worthy example of a project...Many military bases have “towns” for training that consist of concrete block buildings with multiple levels and architec- tural configurations. AR...Livingston MA, Hirota G, Garrett WF, Whitton MC, Pisano ED, Fuchs H (1996) Technologies for augmented reality systems: Realizing ultrasound -guided

  13. Coordinating Military Response to Disasters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-22

    encompasses the Caribbean Islands outside of the U.S. territories. I will examine SOUTHCOM’s response to the earthquake in Haiti 2010 to show the lack of...an effective and timely response to the island. In a report conducted by the RAND corporation, it revealed the earthquake that struck Haiti in...Wermuth, Timothy Jackson, Agnes Gereben Schaefer and Matthew Stafford. The U.S. Military Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake : Considerations for

  14. Dental Epidemiology of Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    care include basic restorations, extractions, pidemiologic data on the occurrence, preventability, and pulpectomies , simple - -osthetic repairs, and...rhage, cellulitis, or respiratory distress), and to treat trauma to No single study addressed all of these topics concurrently. the teeth , jaws, and...H COMPARISON OF STUDIES OF DENTAL EMERGENCIES OF DEPLOYED MILITARY PERSONNEL Adjusted Dental Percent Percent No. of Emergency Due to Due to Primary

  15. The Ethics of Military Deception

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-05

    comment directly on the moral dimensions of military deception is the great Roman orator, Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 B.C.). Of paramount...action is to be commended, if what is 1 Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Officiis, I.xiii.40, trans. Walter Miller (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1913... Aurelius Augustinus (A.D. 354-430), later known as Saint Augustine, the Catholic bishop of Hippo in North Africa, is in many ways the pivotal

  16. NATURE CONSERVATION PROJECTS IN MILITARY DISTRICTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milota KUSTROVÁ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Military areas are very valuable sites from the perspective of nature conservation. The article explains the key factors in maintaining high biodiversity in these areas. It discusses the impact of destructive military activities on building and maintaining valuable habitats of European importance and the necessity to preserve these areas for the conservation of natural values for future generations. Extensive reorganization of the armed forces after the Cold War in Europe has resulted in the decommissioning of a large number of military sites from active military use. Ultimately their changed use has a negative impact on biodiversity. This article informs about the existence and importance of a database of military areas in Central and Eastern Europe and the attempt to declare these as protected areas. At the end of the article mentions LIFE+ projects aimed at the protection of nature in military areas, carried out in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  17. Online Reporting of Military Sexual Trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Ann W; Lee, Wendy J; Carretta, Carrie M

    2016-04-01

    Case finding and treatment of military sexual trauma (MST) remains a serious problem in military and veteran populations as well as in the civilian population. This report provides descriptive examples, with statistics, of persons serving in the military or while living/working on a military base when they experienced unwanted sex. Males, more than females, never disclosed MST before online survey, had more physical injuries as a result and reported chronic disturbing thoughts of the experience. Undisclosed and unreported intrafamilial childhood sexual experiences were cited before an MST by some respondents. Interprofessional collaboration is recommended between military nurse practitioners and behavioral health clinicians as well as innovative strategies using telecommunication and online counseling. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  18. Trial by Jury in Russian Military Courts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolai P. Kovalev

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available One of peculiar features of the military criminal justice system in Russia is that in some cases military defendants may apply for trial by jury. Unlike the existing U.S. court-martial jury and the Russian military jury of the early 1900s (World War I period which were comprised of the members of the armed forces, in modern Russia jurors trying military defendants are civilians. This article aims to provide a brief history of military jury in Russia and identify issues of independence and impartiality in Russian military courts with participation of lay decision-makers. In particular, the article will analyze two high-profile cases which resulted in acquittals of Russian officers accused of killing several Chechen civilians during counter-terrorist operations in Chechnya.

  19. Rethinking the 1917 Military Juntas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Bru Sánchez-Fortún

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reinterpret the 1917 Military Juntas, analyzing them within the framework of Dr. Villacorta Baños’ defense, twenty-five years ago, of the defensive corporatism that various professional and bureaucratic groups developed in opposition to the state and society during the last decade of the 19th century and the first two decades of the 20th century. From this viewpoint, which up to the present has been ignored in studies of the military institution, we shall deny that the Juntas were just another of the many interventions of the Army to change the politics of the moment. On the contrary, we claim they represent a corporate movement aimed at defending the professional career of their associates, a career always questioned by the framework of cacique power abuse, which was the inner nature of the state during the Spanish Restoration; a problem the Army shared with the rest of public employees. Nonetheless, due to its extreme variety, the military corporation was unable to put together one single bargaining association. It was ultimately the scale, not the corps, which gave an aim to the divided junta movement. Thus, it propitiated the existence of various “Juntas” with corporate interests which were often conflicting. And so, instead of threatening the State with the powerful unity of the Army, they made their division evident, however much they tried to solve disagreements and settle conflicts.

  20. Canadian Model of Military Leadership as a Successful Mixture of Civilian and Military Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Piotr Malinowski

    2015-01-01

    The origins of military leadership are rooted in ancient times and its embodiment are great chieftains and commanders. However, since the moment when in organisation and management sciences the civil theories of leadership started to emerge, the military forces have incorporated their solutions to structure the assumptions of new, coherent and effective models of military leadership. A good example of such solutions is the Canadian model of military leadership, competently merging the civil t...

  1. The Military Landscape: Why US Military Installations Are Located Where They Are

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ER D C/ CE RL T R- 11 -7 The Military Landscape Why US Military Installations Are Located Where They Are Co ns tr uc tio n En gi ne...distribution is unlimited. ERDC/CERL TR-11-7 March 2011 The Military Landscape Why US Military Installations Are Located Where They Are Harold...Dr. Champaign, IL 61824 Anthony R. Latino School of Architecture , University of Illinois–Urbana/Champaign Champaign, IL 61820 Final Report

  2. The U.S. Military’s Reliance on Bottled Water During Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    water in military operations?” Why has water purification capability played such a critical role in military campaigns or operations? When did the...military feel as though bottled water was an alternative source to be used in support of military operations? These are all questions that play a... played a critical role during the Allied drive through Tunisia. On its peak day, the 518th distributed 72,840 gallons of water .”6 − 1942 - Field

  3. Advanced MRI in Acute Military TBI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    TITLE: Advanced MRI in Acute Military TBI PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: David L. Brody, MD PhD CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Washington University St Louis...NUMBER Advanced MRI in Acute Military TBI 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-10-2-0088 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER David L...advanced MRI methods, DTI and resting-state fMRI correlation analysis, in military TBI patients acutely after injury and correlate findings with TBI

  4. Iron Status of Deployed Military Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-04

    Deployed Military Members 5b. GRANT NUMBER HU0001-10-1-TS10 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER N/A 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER N10-P20 Wilson...training literature of new recruits or accessions, the rate of ID and IDA was a significant health risk to these military members . It was surmised...study inform nurses and health care professionals that are involved in the deployment preparation of military members . They should target assessing

  5. Research on 6R Military Logistics Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

    The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

  6. The Soviet Higher Military Educational System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    devices: 2,000 methodo - logical training aids, stands, and trainers were produced in 1975-76 alone.^^ At the Riga Higher Military Aviation...Stol’nikov, B.A., Lt. Gen. Art. (1st Dep. Ch. for Main Directo - rate for Military Educational In- stitutions, 1977), "Means to In- tensify the Schooling...Deputy Chief Military Science Directo - rate of the General Staff (April 1977), ""Methods of Educating So- viet Soldiers," VM, May 1968. Articles on

  7. Impact of Military Lifestyle on Military Spouses' Educational and Career Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ott, Laura E.; Kellley Morgan, Jessica; Akroyd, H. Duane

    2018-01-01

    The military lifestyle imposes unique challenges for military spouses in regards to their education and careers. To help alleviate these challenges, military spouses are encouraged to pursue portable career paths. This causes one to question whether spouses desire these portable careers and what influences spouses place on pursuing specific…

  8. Rhabdomyolysis After Crawling Military Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atias-Varon, Danit; Sherman, Haggai; Yanovich, Ran; Heled, Yuval

    2017-07-01

    Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis followed by release of intracellular muscle contents into the circulation. Exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER) occurs in response to nonfamiliar and/or excessive, prolonged, or repetitive exercises, with eccentric characteristics. In military populations, due to the type of intense, all out physical loads, ER is a significant threat, particularly when training under heat stress. However, many other etiologies exist, and clinical presentations vary greatly. This heterogeneity may result in difficulty in prevention, diagnosis, and return-to-duty decision. The purpose of this report is to point to a new potential risk factor to an extreme muscle breakdown and ER. In this article, we describe three cases of ER in army recruits after strenuous acts of crawling over hard surfaces during an intense military selection process. The soldiers' creatine phosphokinase levels were markedly raised (44,000, 123,500, and 176,599 IU/L), but none of them developed any significant medical complication. There are two major mechanisms leading to ER: the mechanical pathway which is associated with muscle tension, and the metabolic pathway which is associated with cellular energy depletion. During this military selection process, the intensity of the exercises, and cycles of work and rest are highly controlled, and so are the timings of meals and fluids consumption. Moreover, the soldiers were all at least moderately fit and had participated in strenuous exercise events before. According to years of experience with this military selection process, under similar conditions (exercise volumes and loads) we have experienced along the years minimal medical events. At the same time, and this was the unique part in these case, all patients suffered significantly from mechanical injuries caused by crawling on hard surface which were not a part of the planned selection program. Thus, we suggest that the significant muscle breakdown in the

  9. Health-related consequences of physical and sexual violence: women in the military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, A G; Booth, B M; Nielson, D; Doebbeling, B N

    2000-09-01

    To identify differences in health-related quality of life among women veterans who were raped, physically assaulted (not in the context of rape or domestic violence), both, or neither during military service. We did a cross-sectional telephone survey of a national sample of 558 women veterans who served in Vietnam and subsequent eras of military service. A stratified survey design selected subjects according to era of service and location. The interview included socioeconomic information, lifetime violence history, the Women's Military Environment Survey to assess women's military experiences, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 to assess health-related quality of life. Five hundred thirty-seven women completed the interview. Half (48%) experienced violence during military service, including rape (30%), physical assault (35%), or both (16%). Women who were raped or dually victimized were more likely to report chronic health problems, prescription medication use for emotional problems, failure to complete college, and annual incomes less than $25,000 (P Women who were physically assaulted or raped reported significantly lower health-related quality of life (P women with chronic illnesses. This study suggests that the sequelae of violence against women are an important public health concern. More than a decade after rape or physical assault during military service, women reported severely decreased health-related quality of life, with limitations of physical and emotional health, educational and financial attainment, and severe, recurrent problems with work and social activities.

  10. The importance of understanding military culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Lynn K

    2011-01-01

    Social workers can make a significant contribution to military service members and their families, but first it is essential that the worldview, the mindset, and the historical perspective of life in the military are understood. Unless we understand how the unique characteristics of the military impact the service members and their families, we cannot work effectively with them. In addition, unless we understand their language, their structure, why they join, their commitment to the mission, and the role of honor and sacrifice in military service, we will not be able to adequately intervene and offer care to these families.

  11. Human Factors Military Lexicon: Auditory Displays

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Letowski, Tomasz

    2001-01-01

    .... In addition to definitions specific to auditory displays, speech communication, and audio technology, the lexicon includes several terms unique to military operational environments and human factors...

  12. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...... Common Security and Defence Policy with the explicit purpose to help manage violent conflicts beyond its borders. This book develops a definition and a set of criteria for success in military conflict management and applies this new analytical framework in a comparative case study of the five EU military...

  13. Pastoral Care and Counseling with Military Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Zachary

    2016-06-01

    The complex human experience of military service and the stress suffered by millions of military families each time a loved one deploys present unique challenges and opportunities in providing pastoral care and counseling. War and military service impact many facets of our society, as well as generational and interpersonal relationships. This article speaks to both academic and practitioner communities, and provides a vision for effective pastoral care and counseling with military families drawing on resources from family systems theory. © The Author(s) 2016.

  14. Military surgery in Rwanda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrow, G B; Rosenfeld, J V; Crozier, J A; Wheatley, P; Warfe, P

    1997-10-01

    In April of 1994, a vicious civil was erupted in Rwanda, with more than 500,000 people massacred by extremist militias. The second United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR II) deployed in August 1994 to monitor the ceasefire, with an Australian Defence Force Contingent of Health Service Support consisting of staff for the UNAMIR Head-quarters, and the Australian Medical Support Force (AS MSF). A retrospective audit was conducted of all operative surgery performed during the year-long deployment, in the AS MSF operating theatres. Twenty surgeons rotated through in 6-week intervals. A total of 750 operations were performed on 547 patients, of which 636 (84.8%) involved civilians. A total of 558 (74.4%) cases were the result of trauma both accidental (38.4%) and war related (36%). The mean age of patients was 21.7 years. The age distribution was skewed, with 289 (38.5%) cases being performed on children. General surgeons performed a wide range of surgery, covering the majority of surgical specialties. These included cardiothoracic, neurosurgical, vascular and paediatric cases. Orthopaedic surgeons dealt with amputations, debridements and skin grafting in addition to bony injuries and infections. Children formed a substantial number of those treated, and required surgery for war-related injuries significantly more often than adults. Surgeons involved in future peacekeeping missions should be aware of the broad variety of clinical problems encountered, and undertake refresher training in the sub-specialties. Children are at great risk of violence in war, and if a civilization can be judged by the protection it affords its helpless, the Rwandan genocide and ensuing civil war represents a horrific example of the opposite extreme.

  15. Uncle Sam Says, I Want You! - The Politics of the Draft and National Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-26

    unique demands of the global war on terrorism, a volunteer national service program that calls for military or civilian service is needed, even though the...current political climate appears to offer little chance of its acceptance. A volunteer national service program could consist of four types of service: the military, AmeriCorps, homeland security, and the Peace Corps.

  16. Implementing Universal National Service in Order to Comply with Clausewitz’s Remarkable Trinity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    It is essential that the United States implement national service to reflect the balance between the people, the government and the military or more...the commitment of military forces. There are numerous benefits to be derived from mandatory national service , especially after events of 11 September

  17. Right-Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, April 2006). Richard Meinhart , "National Military Strategies: 1990-2005," in J. Boone Bartholomees...THE PEOPLE’S LIBERATION ARMY : EXPLORING THE CONTOURS OF CHINA’S MILITARY Edited by Roy Kamphausen Andrew Scobell September 2007 This publication is a...necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army , the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. This report is

  18. A Workshop on Predictive Modeling & Cultural Resource Management on Military Installations, Held in Santa Fe, NM, on 15-18 Nov 2004

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Altschul, Jeffrey H; Klein, Terry H; Sebastian, Lynne

    2005-01-01

    The SRI Foundation and Statistical Research, Inc., under a Legacy Resource Management Program grant, convened a workshop of national experts to examine the use of predictive modeling by military installations...

  19. The Fight for Oman 1963-1975 Analysis of Civil-Military Operations in Low-Intensity Conflict and its Relevance to Current World Conflict

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sarnoski, Robert

    1995-01-01

    .... While often overlooked, the government response to the 1963-1975 insurgency in Oman provides excellent examples of both ineffective and effective national-military strategies for combating a low intensity threat...

  20. Assessment of quality indicators in spanish higher military education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olmos Gómez Maria del Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality assessment is subject to multiple interpretations of its content and purpose, and also regarding to methods and techniques used to develop it. Although purposes of assessment are varied, usually pursuit three goals: Improvement, accountability and information. Currently, the concept of quality evaluation has been replaced by the management of educational quality, as Matthew [6] point “the new culture of evaluation is no longer oriented to penalty, ranking or selection of people, as provide a reasoned and reasonable information to guide the management of educational improvement”. Military Training Centres are externally evaluated by an experts External Evaluation Unit to identify strengths and weaknesses on their self-evaluation system and focus on important aspects related to the organization of the Centre, development of work plans, teacher’s style and students learning strategies, system of evaluation and qualification and accurate recommendations to improve all that. This research focuses on the evaluation of quality indicators for the external evaluation of higher education at Military Education Centres in Spain and it is funded by a joint project between University of Granada and MADOC. The technique used for collecting and analysing information was a content description of several documents provided by these military educational authorities, arising the identification and extraction of relevant indicators on the evaluation of higher education. This analysis was primarily based on standards and indicators systems by ANECA (National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation adapted to the Military Higher Education, but also it was consider other standards by international agencies and evaluative institutions, such as University of Chile, University of Paraguay, Canarias Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation and Agency for Quality Education System University of Castilla y León. The analysis realize a usual

  1. Assessment of quality indicators in Spanish higher military education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olmos Gómez Maria del Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality assessment is subject to multiple interpretations of its content and purpose, and also regarding to methods and techniques used to develop it. Although purposes of assessment are varied, usually pursuit three goals: Improvement, accountability and information. Currently, the concept of quality evaluation has been replaced by the management of educational quality, as Matthew [6] point “the new culture of evaluation is no longer oriented to penalty, ranking or selection of people, as provide a reasoned and reasonable information to guide the management of educational improvement”. Military Training Centres are externally evaluated by an experts External Evaluation Unit to identify strengths and weaknesses on their self-evaluation system and focus on important aspects related to the organization of the Centre, development of work plans, teacher’s style and students learning strategies, system of evaluation and qualification and accurate recommendations to improve all that. This research focuses on the evaluation of quality indicators for the external evaluation of higher education at Military Education Centres in Spain and it is funded by a joint project between University of Granada and MADOC. The technique used for collecting and analysing information was a content description of several documents provided by these military educational authorities, arising the identification and extraction of relevant indicators on the evaluation of higher education. This analysis was primarily based on standards and indicators systems by ANECA (National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation adapted to the Military Higher Education, but also it was consider other standards by international agencies and evaluative institutions, such as University of Chile, University of Paraguay, Canarias Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation and Agency for Quality Education System University of Castilla y León. The analysis realize a usual

  2. [The problems of personnel training for military forensic medical expertise under the current reform of the military forces in the Russian Federation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolmachev, I A

    2010-01-01

    The educational sphere is becoming a major priority in the state policy. The Concept of national security for the Russian Federation regards intellectual impairment as a most serious internal threat to the military security. It declares that the operational efficiency of the armed forces should be based on high-quality education of specialists. The current reform of the military forces in the Russian Federation envisages the modification of the forensic medical expertise and the system of training relevant personnel. The post-diploma education of forensic medical experts encounters difficulties at all levels. In all probability, such education will be performed in the near future through the primary retraining mechanism. In the course of the ongoing reform, the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Military Medical Academy remains the sole facility for the post-diploma education of military forensic medical experts. The teaching staff of the department have sufficient qualification and experience for training highly skilled specialists as stipulated by the reform of the military forces in the Russian Federation.

  3. Private security and military contractors: A troubling oversight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swed, Ori; Crosbie, Thomas Alexander

    2017-01-01

    Though private military and security companies (PMSCs) have been addressed extensively in the literature, little research has been done on the contractors themselves, leaving us in the dark as to who these individuals are. In this article, we focus on the critical case of the United States armed ...... the mesosocial to the microsocial level of inquiry. We conclude by reviewing the existing research on the demographics of the sector and then indicating the troubling gaps in our current understanding of this critical sector of the national security apparatus.......Though private military and security companies (PMSCs) have been addressed extensively in the literature, little research has been done on the contractors themselves, leaving us in the dark as to who these individuals are. In this article, we focus on the critical case of the United States armed...... and concomitant evolution of the security sector, while noting a new trend that points to the need for moving from the macrosocial to the microsocial level of inquiry. Second, we indicate the challenges contractors pose to the sociological paradigm of military professionalism: These suggest a need to move from...

  4. Lifetime sexual assault and cervical cytologic abnormalities among military women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, Anne G; Mengeling, Michelle A; Syrop, Craig H; Torner, James C; Booth, Brenda M

    2011-11-01

    Little is known about the reproductive health of military women. This study sought to determine women Veterans' competing risk factors, including life span sexual assault (LSA) exposures, associated with recent and lifetime cervical cytologic abnormalities. This cross-sectional study of a retrospective cohort of 999 Midwestern Veterans (enrolled in the VA) included computer-assisted telephone interviews and chart reviews. Over half (57%) of participants self-reported lifetime abnormal cytology. Chart review demonstrated 16% had abnormal cytology in the preceding 5 years. Almost two thirds of participants (62%) reported LSA, and one third (32%) reported assault during military service. Women with completed LSA were more likely to self-report abnormal cytology than peers with no or attempted-only assaults (63% vs. 51%, pmilitary service (Active Component [AC] or both AC and Reserve or National Guard) was significant even when human papillomavirus (HPV) was included. LSA was significant when well-established risk factors, except HPV, were included. Nearly all participants had health insurance (84%), and only one third (32%) used the VA for all care. Military type and completed LSA are significant risk factors for abnormal cervical cytology and should be routinely assessed by women's care providers. LSA and gynecologic health risk factors are widespread in the female Veteran population. These findings have clinical implications for vigilant screening, gynecologic follow-up, and behavioral health interventions. Most participants had insurance and used only some or no VA care, so findings are relevant to all women's health providers.

  5. Fit for purpose quality management system for military forensic exploitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lauren Elizabeth; Gahan, Michelle Elizabeth; Robertson, James; Lennard, Chris

    2018-03-01

    In a previous publication we described a systems approach to forensic science applied in the military domain. The forensic science 'system of systems' describes forensic science as a sub-system in the larger criminal justice, law enforcement, intelligence, and military systems, with quality management being an important supporting system. Quality management systems help to ensure that organisations achieve their objective and continually improve their capability. Components of forensic science quality management systems can include standardisation of processes, accreditation of facilities to national/international standards, and certification of personnel. A fit for purpose quality management system should be balanced to allow organisations to meet objectives, provide continuous improvement; mitigate risk; and impart a positive quality culture. Considerable attention over the last decades has been given to the need for forensic science quality management systems to meet criminal justice and law enforcement objectives. More recently, the need for the forensic quality management systems to meet forensic intelligence objectives has been considered. This paper, for the first time, discusses the need for a fit for purpose quality management system for military forensic exploitation. Crown Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Air MEDEVAC in case of multiple casualties – The experience of civilian-military cooperation in RoAF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoș C. Tudose

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Starting September 2010 in Romania was created the Military Emergency Medical Service (SMMU by the Ministry of National Defense, which has as main mission to provide first aid and save the lives of military personnel during military operations using special equipped MEDEAVC aircraft. Nationwide exist the national emergency system which operates thru 112- SMURD acting in support of the civilian population. In case of accidents with multiple victims the experience has shown the need for collaboration between the two systems, in order to save lives. In the last 5 years there has been an increasing Airlift missions (MEDEVAC with multiple victims executed by joint civil-military medical teams using military aircraft. Material and methods. This paper provides a review of the most important aspects of particularities, advantages and disadvantages of this type of medical transport using the MEDEVAC missions based study carried out by the Air Force in recent years. Results and conclusions. Performing these tasks presents challenges to mission planning, use of medical equipment and procedures, command-control system, exercise programs jointly joint medical teams and, of course, managing a large number of patients in flight. The large number of patients transported safely and in the shortest time, regardless of weather conditions recommends this type of medical intervention. Given the Romanian military presence in various theaters and that NATO strategic medical evacuation is a national responsibility, the capacity of air transport in case multiple casualties is a priority.

  7. United Nations and multilateralism: appraising USA's unilateralism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multilateralism as symbolized by the United Nations Organization, seems to have come under threat today, and nowhere is this more evident than in the United States-United Nations relations particularly in the area of military interventions around the world. The aim of this paper is to appraise the practice of the principle of ...

  8. The Little War Meets British Military Discipline in America 1755-1781

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    archetypal enlightened absolutist. His wars were dismissed as a distressing aberration, and the whole of ’enlightened’ Europe admired his abhorrence of...Army: The Military Origins of the Republic. They wanted to "get beyond the deeply ingrained national mythology about the essence of the war effort, so

  9. Colonial Army Formats in Africa and Post-Colonial Military Coups:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BSOS USER

    military forces in colonial and early post-colonial Nigeria establish a legacy of coups in the armed forces in the post-independence era?10 The units of analysis are the coup events.11. In each case, inferences were drawn from the nationality and religious affiliation of coup plotters and participants, their motives, and the.

  10. Concept of developmental peace missions: implications for the military and civilians

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Gueli, RJ

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available , it will demand the unity of effort of the diverse military and civilian actors involved in a mission. Thirdly, it will demand establishing dedicated institutions at the national, regional, and/or continental levels to improve coordination and planning among...

  11. The psychological coping, learning potential and career preferences profiles of operational force military candidates

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, M

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to profile the psychological coping, learning potential and career-related interests of 251 candidates for operational force military selection for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) – 26 of whom were...

  12. Civil-Military Relations in the European Union and Innere Fuehrung

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    In parallel, the advent of major theoretical paradigms , such as neo-realistic, post- modernistic, (social) constructivist , liberalist, positivistic ... different military cultures, traditions and institutions of contributing European Union nations will be challenged with, for example, the harmonization of...currently varying rights of soldiers originating from different political and social traditions of state and society. Challenges will also include

  13. An overview of military social work: The case of Zimbabwe | Runesu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Military social work is a branch of the social work profession which provides services to soldiers and their spouses and dependents during peace time, war time and national crises. Soldiers face a myriad health and social challenges stemming from war stressors and the challenges of re-integration to civilian life. Many war ...

  14. Professional School Counselors' Role in Partnering with Military Families during the Stages of Deployment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Rebekah F.

    2012-01-01

    In order to help each student to be successful in school, as outlined in the ASCA National Model, professional school counselors are called to partner with military families in order to work for their children's social, emotional, and academic success during deployments. Possible school-family partnerships that may occur before, during, and after…

  15. Adapting the SCOR model to suit the military: A South African example

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bean, WL

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available of military supply chains, therefore it was decided that supply chain management in conjunction with the SCOR model should be used during a logistics and supply chain improvement project for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF). Three case studies...

  16. The Role of the Military Construction Engineers in the Hybrid War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-12

    nations had gained capacity, the military engineers took on a role as advisers, while local constructors executed the building. The adviser role also...and agendas . The present international security environment also involves working with many non-traditional participants or partners, including

  17. Teaching with "Fanfare and Military Glamour": School Mathematics, the Federal Government, and World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrett, Alan W.

    2003-01-01

    An increased federal role in U.S. mathematics education was influenced by the needs of the armed forces in World War II. For those not in military service, math was stressed as vital for informed citizenship. The legacy of these initiatives was stronger linkage of schools to national aims and broader teaching and learning of math. (Contains 32…

  18. The Legality of Foreign Military Activities in the Exclusive Economic Zone under UNCLOS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geng, Jing

    2012-01-01

    During negotiations for the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), military activities in another state's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) were a point of contention. Currently, the issue remains controversial in state practice. UNCLOS attempts to balance the differing interests of

  19. [The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital", Russian Ministry of Defence--90 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andronenkov, I A; Rybakov, O A; Makhson, I P

    2012-02-01

    The military-medical commission FSI "1586th Military Hospital" of the Ministry of Defense undertakes a significant part of the activities of the entire military medical expertise in the Armed Forces. The commission covers the territory of the Central and Volga Federal Districs (19 subordinate entities of the Russian Federation). Currently, the committee consists of three functional departments: recruitment examination and acquisition of military schools, separation of military and military service examination, and examination of the medical department, flight and selection of specialists. A significant component in the military-medical commission is inspection of flight and flight-lift Air Force, for which the commission has a staff department of medical-flight examination, in which medical examination of pilots is carried out (annually--about 500 people).

  20. 75 FR 28816 - Guam National Wildlife Refuge, Yigo, Guam

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... Pacific Ocean approximately 3,800 miles west of Honolulu, Hawaii, and 1,500 miles south of Tokyo, Japan... military branches. We completed the CCP/FONSI in accordance with National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA...

  1. Protecting buildings from bomb damage: transfer of blast-effects mitigation technologies from military to civilian applications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Feasibility of Applying Blast-Mitigating Technolog

    1995-01-01

    ... to Civilian Applications Committee on Feasibility of Applying Blast-Mitigating Technologies and Design Methodologies from Military Facilities to Civilian Buildings Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1995 Copyrightoriginal r...

  2. Military Bases and Conservation Markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark Ankeny

    2007-09-01

    Over time, DoD is likely to be one of the largest buyers and sellers in a water quality trading market. The Department of Defense (DoD) operates military bases that resemble small cities in infrastructure. As units redeploy, bases are likely to find themselves well within their environmental limits at the originating base and potentially bumping against limits such as nitrate and phosphate loading at the destination base. Stricter rules and heavier loadings in growing watersheds also present challenges to local bases and municipalities as regulators clamp down on loadings from existing Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) to meet water quality standards.

  3. Spain: Democracy and the Military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-01

    four maritime zones, the Bay of Biscay, Straits of Gibraltar, Mediterranean, and Canary Islands , and the Commander of the Fleet. The fleet is divided...tasks of the other three Air Force commands in the Canary Islands zone. [77] Spain’s para-military forces number 64,000 in the Guardia Civil and 40,000 in...the surprise winner in the Galicia regional election this Fall. Fraga’s formula for a stable Spain is a "grand right" based on his own small but

  4. Military Review: Airland Battle Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    tha Amy aMna Guard and the US AR Rsrve ___________________________ M ~AY REVIEW is availa, on m Ilm from Univesity Microfilms. Ann Arbor. MI 48106, and...than a desire to cut through ambiguity to achieve Fog of Military Education ," in the January 1991 tacile eneral:ation. I would supest that there is...leaders, the key nole in the educational chain, for the ,nethodlology of the Schol of Advanced have been selected on the basis ot such capability.Miltary

  5. 76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-04

    ... November 4, 2011 Part III The President Proclamation 8743--Military Family Month, 2011 Proclamation 8744... make America's military the finest in the world, their family members embody the resilience and... veterans not only when they are away at war, but at every stage of their lives. My Administration is...

  6. PACIFISM AND THE MILITARY - A PERSPECTIVE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    round is that of nuclear weapons particularly, it seems, if they are on the side of the West. It is not surprising, therefore, that many observers see in this revival of pacifist influence a threat to West- ern military efforts to effectively counter Soviet and Communist military power and expansionist opportunism. In this view, the form ...

  7. Military Colon and Rectal Surgery Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Welling, David R.

    2006-01-01

    Military medicine is a unique type of group practice. It can be very rewarding because of the quality of appreciative patients and fellow providers. The lifestyle has challenges, especially in time of war. This article describes many of the advantages and challenges of military medicine.

  8. Restructuring Superpowers: The Role of the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-24

    Security Classification) ’ estructuring Superpowers: The Role of the Military 2 PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) ,TC Hubert Bridges, Jr. 3a TYPE OF REPORT 113b. TIME...ground down both military and homefront morale: the cost c the arms race had nearly bankrupt the one-dimensional Soviet economy, the emergence of a global

  9. Reforming the American Military Officer Personnel System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-02

    AGING PUBLIC SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TERRORISM AND HOMELAND SECURITY Testimony Reforming the American Military Officer Personnel System Bernard......For a long time, I have argued and written about the need to reform the career military structure by increasing the maximum years of service an

  10. Stress Training and the New Military Environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.W.K. Gaillard; prof. dr. J.M.L.M. Soeters; R. Delahaij

    2006-01-01

    The new environment in which current military operations take place is often characterized by unpredictable and ambiguous situations. This places new demands on military personnel. In combination with high levels of violence and threat, these situations will elicit acute stress reactions, which

  11. Stress training and the new military environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delahaij, R.; Gaillard, A.W.K.; Soeters, J.M.L.M.

    2006-01-01

    The new environment in which current military operations take place is often characterized by unpredictable and ambiguous situations. This places new demands on military personnel. In combination with high levels of violence and threat, these situations will elicit acute stress reactions, which can

  12. MILITARY MISSION COMBAT EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ighoyota B. AJENAGHUGHRURE

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Military infantry recruits, although trained, lacks experience in real-time combat operations, despite the combat simulations training. Therefore, the choice of including them in military operations is a thorough and careful process. This has left top military commanders with the tough task of deciding, the best blend of inexperienced and experienced infantry soldiers, for any military operation, based on available information on enemy strength and capability. This research project delves into the design of a mission combat efficiency estimator (MCEE. It is a decision support system that aids top military commanders in estimating the best combination of soldiers suitable for different military operations, based on available information on enemy’s combat experience. Hence, its advantages consist of reducing casualties and other risks that compromises the entire operation overall success, and also boosting the morals of soldiers in an operation, with such information as an estimation of combat efficiency of their enemies. The system was developed using Microsoft Asp.Net and Sql server backend. A case study test conducted with the MECEE system, reveals clearly that the MECEE system is an efficient tool for military mission planning in terms of team selection. Hence, when the MECEE system is fully deployed it will aid military commanders in the task of decision making on team members’ combination for any given operation based on enemy personnel information that is well known beforehand. Further work on the MECEE will be undertaken to explore fire power types and impact in mission combat efficiency estimation.

  13. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    Studies in Communication 31 (Fall 2008): 287-311. Wilson OmniFile Kuzovchikova, O.M. "Army Feminization : Its Essence, Evolution and Basic Trends." Military...Female ROTC Cadets Negotiate the Tension between Masculine Military Culture and Traditional Femininity." Social Forces 87 (December 2008): 937-960

  14. Designing a Serious Game for Military Ethics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muller, T.J.; Visschedijk, G.C.

    2014-01-01

    Military personnel of all ranks and on all levels will encounter ethicaldilemmas during their career. Ethical dilemmas may occur in day-to-day business and, more importantly, during military operations, in which certain decisions may mean a difference between life and death. In order to prepare

  15. The Demographics of Military Children and Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic…

  16. Unlocking Insights about Military Children and Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Anita; London, Andrew S.

    2013-01-01

    As this issue of the "Future of Children" makes clear, there is much yet to learn about military children and their families. A big part of the reason, write Anita Chandra and Andrew London, is the lack of sufficiently robust sources of data. Until more and better data are collected about military families, Chandra and London say, it…

  17. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-07

    they capable of making military affairs interesting to a young men in Adidas jackets with dyed- hackle hairdos, of getting them to love military...of an emergency situation from its origins to the end result, hone the personnel’s interaction in the course of a specific modeled emergency, and

  18. Military Death Benefits: Status and Proposals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-26

    merchandise and necessary services to authorized patrons at moderate prices and to generate reasonable earnings to supplement appropriated funds for the...active duty remains eligible to use commissary (military supermarkets ) and exchange (military department stores) stores until the spouse remarries

  19. Effectiveness and Efficiencies of Private Military Corporations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    113Mahlon Apgar and John M. Keane. “New business with the new military.” Harvard Business Review, 82(9), (2004): 46. 114Eric J. Fredland...3902, (2004): 36- 37. Apgar , Mahlon and John M. Keane. “New business with the new military.” Harvard Business Review, 82(9), (2004): 45- 56. Avant

  20. Sociological Research in a Military School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ignat'ev, V. V.

    2008-01-01

    What is the content of a system of sociological support for the administration of a higher military educational institution, and what problems are involved? From October 2006 to February 2007, instructors in the department of the humanities and the social-economic disciplines at Eisk F. M. Komarov Higher Military Aviation School (EVVAU) carried…