WorldWideScience

Sample records for vicente paqueo discusses

  1. Vicent Garcia, poeta europeu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pep Valsalobre

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Després de repassar la bibliografia crítica i els textos poètics derivats, es procedeix a l’anàlisi d’un conegut sonet de Francesc Vicent Garcia, rector de Vallfogona (1578/1579-1623: «A una hermosa dama de cabell negre, que es pentinava en un terrat ab una pinta de marfil», que comença «Ab una pinta de marfil polia», en què l’autor mostra una habilitat poètica excepcional. S’insereix després el text en el seu context estètic i històric, el barroc europeu, i finalment se’l compara amb una sèrie de sonets equivalents, sobre el mateix motiu, produïts per autors castellans, portuguesos, italians i francesos. S’hi conclou que el de Garcia és molt original, tot i la forta codificació de la sèrie, de manera que no s’inscriu en cap dels dos models tipològics que enquadren la resta (excepte el del francès Malleville, que pertany al mateix model de Garcia, alhora que mostra la personalitat poètica de l’autor enfront dels autors coetanis. En apèndix, s’hi inclou un conjunt de sonets sobre el mateix motiu, distribuïts en funció del model tipològic al qual pertanyen: un d’atribució dubtosa —anterior al 1580—, un atribuït a Camões, dos de Lope, dos de Góngora, dos de Villamediana, un de Gian Battista Marino, un de Girolamo Fontanella i un de Claude Malleville.

  2. discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex S. Poznyak

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a version of Robust Stochastic Maximum Principle (RSMP applied to the Minimax Mayer Problem formulated for stochastic differential equations with the control-dependent diffusion term. The parametric families of first and second order adjoint stochastic processes are introduced to construct the corresponding Hamiltonian formalism. The Hamiltonian function used for the construction of the robust optimal control is shown to be equal to the Lebesque integral over a parametric set of the standard stochastic Hamiltonians corresponding to a fixed value of the uncertain parameter. The paper deals with a cost function given at finite horizon and containing the mathematical expectation of a terminal term. A terminal condition, covered by a vector function, is also considered. The optimal control strategies, adapted for available information, for the wide class of uncertain systems given by an stochastic differential equation with unknown parameters from a given compact set, are constructed. This problem belongs to the class of minimax stochastic optimization problems. The proof is based on the recent results obtained for Minimax Mayer Problem with a finite uncertainty set [14,43-45] as well as on the variation results of [53] derived for Stochastic Maximum Principle for nonlinear stochastic systems under complete information. The corresponding discussion of the obtain results concludes this study.

  3. Structural health monitoring of a reinforced concrete building during the severe typhoon Vicente in 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuok, Sin-Chi; Yuen, Ka-Veng

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study is to investigate the structural performance of reinforced concrete building under the influence of severe typhoon. For this purpose, full-scale monitoring of a 22-story reinforced concrete building was conducted during the entire passage process of a severe typhoon "Vicente." Vicente was the eighth tropical storm developed in the Western North Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea in 2012. Moreover, it was the strongest and most devastating typhoon that struck Macao since 1999. The overall duration of the typhoon affected period that lasted more than 70 hours and the typhoon eye region covered Macao for around one hour. The wind and structural response measurements were acquired throughout the entire typhoon affected period. The wind characteristics were analyzed using the measured wind data including the wind speed and wind direction time histories. Besides, the structural response measurements of the monitored building were utilized for modal identification using the Bayesian spectral density approach. Detailed analysis of the field data and the typhoon generated effects on the structural performance are discussed.

  4. Assimilation Studies Off Cape Sao Vicente (southern Portugal)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitorino, J.; Monteiro, M.

    In April 2001 the Portuguese Navy conducted a naval exercise (Swordfish 2001) in the area off Cape Sao Vicente, in the southwest tip of Portugal. The operational environ- mental assessment (OEA) component of this exercise, conducted by Instituto Hidro- grafico, intended to provide forecasts of the oceanographic conditions to the naval forces. A program of observations, which included CTD casts to maximum depth of 2500m and AXBTs casts to maximum depth 1000m, was conducted in the area be- tween 35zN and 39zN and from 7zW to 12.5zW. Forecasts of the oceanographic con- ditions were produced using the Harvard Ocean Prediction System (HOPS) with as- similation of the hydrographic data. The period covered by the exercise was character- ized by predominant southerly winds, forcing upwelling conditions along the western Portuguese coast. These conditions promote the development of a large cold upwelling filament that extended a few hundreds of kilometers southwards Cape Sao Vicente. In this communication we present several results obtained for the period between 18 to 28 April 2001, marked by an event of two days of inversion of the upwelling favor- able. The numerical runs were obtained using two nested domains, one covering the global area of observations and the second one covering the shelf and slope area off Cape Sao Vicente. Double-sigma coordinates were used in both domains, with a total of 20 sigma levels. The surface forcing used the wind fields generated by ALADIN- Portugal, a limited area model (12.7-km grid resolution) nested on a global model (ARPEGE).

  5. Los textos históricos: testamento de Vicente Azuero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    1982-10-01

    Full Text Available En el nombre de Dios Todopoderoso amén. Yo el doctor Vicente Azuero, natural de la provincia del Socorro, hijo legitimo de don Ignacio Javier Azuero y de doña Micaela Gregoria Plata, también vecina la misma provincia. Hallándome por la divina misericordia bueno y sano del cuerpo y en mi entero y sano juicio, memoria y entendimiento natural, creyendo y confesando, como firmemente creo y confieso el altísimo inefable e incomprensible misterio de la Beatísima Trinidad, Padre, Hijo y Espíritu Santo.

  6. Fluid geochemistry of the San Vicente geothermal field (El Salvador)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aiuppa, A.; Carapezza, M.L.; Parello, F. [University of Palermo (Italy). Istituto di Mineralogia

    1997-02-01

    The volcano Chichontepeque (San Vicente) is one of the nine recent volcanoes making up the El Salvador sector of the WNW-ESE-trending active Central American volcanic belt. Thermal activity is at present reduced to a few thermal springs and fumaroles. The most important manifestations (Agua Agria and Los Infernillos Ciegos) are boiling springs and fumaroles located on the northern slope of the volcano (850 m a.s.l.) along two radial faults. The application of geothermometric and geobarometric methods to the gases and thermal waters suggests that both thermal areas are linked to the identified 1100-1300 m reservoir, whose temperature (250{sup o}C), lateral extension and chemical composition, as resulting from this study, are of interest for industrial development. (author)

  7. [Scientific training and professional practice in Vicente Cervantes Mendo's Spain.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villegas, José Pastor

    2010-01-01

    Vicente Cervantes Mendo (Ledrada, Salamanca, 1758 - México, 1829) was a famous Spanish Mexican scientists; he is today heritage of Spain and Mexico. As a continuation of two recent articles on his life at Spain, the present study deals with his scientific formation at madrid, as pharmacist and as botanist, as well as on his professional activity. Two documents of Casimiro Gómez Ortega, principal professor of the Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, dated in 1786 and related with the "Real Expedición Botánica a Nueva España (1787-1803)," have served to establish conclusions which clarify the subjects studied and correct mistakes.

  8. LA PERCEPCIÓN SOBRE SUSTENTABILIDAD DEL TURISMO EN EL CANTÓN SAN VICENTE

    OpenAIRE

    Lemoine Quintero, Frank Angel; Delgado Muñoz, Karina Estefanía; Carvajal Zambrano, Gema Viviana; Alcívar Calderón, Víctor Efrén

    2017-01-01

    PERCEPTION ON SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN THE CANTON OF SAN VICENTE RESUMEN En el presente trabajo se analiza la percepción de la comunidad sobre la sustentabilidad del turismo en el Cantón San Vicente, de acuerdo al programa estadístico REDATAM se consideró la población del mismo, así como sus comunidades y las actividades a las que sus pobladores se dedican para su economía y sostenibilidad. La información obtenida a través de fuentes de campo y bibliográfico permitió un análisis descripti...

  9. Space and Brazilian thought: The american Russia in the writings of Euclides da Cunha and Vicente Licínio Cardoso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Marcelo Ehlert Maia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to discuss the issue of space in the Brazilian social imagination. My working hypothesis is that the spatial images contained in some of the reflections by "interpreters of Brazil", like the Amazonian writings of Euclides da Cunha and the incipient comparative sociology of Vicente Licínio Cardoso, are not related to an essentialist search for a fixed cultural identity, but to a vision of a national civilizing process that highlights the pragmatism and openness of this experience. I contend that the "land", as outlined by these figures, approaches Brazilian society to other national formations - Russia and America -, thereby shaping a political sociology from the periphery.

  10. La poesía del 'logos' de Vicente Cervera Salinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Bianchi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Vicente Cervera Salinas es poeta, pero también crítico y teórico de la literatura. Como ocurre en muchos escritores que son además profesores, la lectura de sus ensayos ayuda a entender a fondo sus versos, debido a que las dos modalidades comparten la misma postura estética frente al género lírico. Por esta razón, intentaremos interpretar aquí su escritura creativa desde sus disertaciones recogidas en la monografía «La poesía y la idea. Fragmentos de una vieja querella», que estudia desde una perspectiva diacrónica las alternas etapas de la relación entre poesía y filosofía. Tras aclarar las definiciones de 'logos' y 'mythos' y los aspectos del primero que tienen relevancia para la hermenéutica de sus creaciones, nos centraremos en la simbología de la poesía filosófica de Vicente, para explicarla desde las mismas teorías del autor de «De aurigas inmortales» (1993, «La Partitura» (2001, «El alma oblicua» (2003 y «Escalada y otros poemas» (2011, cuyos versos se han traducido a distintas lenguas y se han presentado en muchos países de Europa y Latinoamérica. Vicente Cervera Salinas is a poet, a critic and a literary theorist. Like many writers who are also professors, his essays help develop a thorough understanding of his poems, since both professions share the same aesthetic stance towards poetry. For this reason, we will try to interpret his creative writings form the monograph «La poesía y la idea. Fragmentos de una vieja querella», where he studies different stages of the relationship between poetry and philosophy from a diachronic perspective. After clarifying the definitions of 'logos' and 'mythos' and certain aspects of the former that are important for the hermeneutics of his creations, we will focus on explaining the symbolism of his philosophical poetry through the analysis of different theories developed by Vicente. His books «De aurigas inmortales» (1993, «La Partitura» (2001, «El alma oblicua

  11. Algunas bóvedas del arquitecto Vicente Gascó y el academicismo valenciano

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Fajardo, Juan Carlos; MOLERO MUÑOZ, ÓSCAR

    2015-01-01

    En las décadas centrales del siglo XVIII se produce en la ciudad de Valencia una rápida mutación del gusto artístico dominante, especialmente en lo referente a la arquitectura, que precipitará la evolución de las artes desde el Barroco hacia el Academicismo. Un claro ejemplo de esta nueva tendencia es la iglesia parroquial de nuestra Señora del Rosario en Sedaví, concebida por el arquitecto Vicente Gascó, uno de los principales representantes del academicismo valenciano y director de la Real ...

  12. Los sentidos y la memoria: puentes colgantes entre Vicent y Proust

    OpenAIRE

    Relva, Lisandro

    2014-01-01

    Ese pasaje entre tiempos y lugares diversos, ese acceso a una realidad aparentemente olvidada mediante los “convoyes de la memoria” son la materia prima, la arcilla fundamental con la que Vicent modela su literatura. Al adentrarse en ese ámbito de placeres mediterráneos que subvierte la rigidez de la moral cristiana, el lector percibirá pronto una “poética de los sentidos”, una narrativa arraigada en las primeras sensaciones vitales, que despiertan incesante e inesperadamente de su letargo te...

  13. San José Pignatelli (1735-1811 y Vicente Requeno(1743-1811, socios de la Academia Clementina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio ASTORGANO ABAJO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objeto de este trabajo es trazar las relaciones de los jesuitas expulsos, san José Pignatelli (1735-1811 y Vicente Requeno (1743-1811, amantes de las Bellas Artes, con la Academia Clementina en la Bolonia de finales del siglo XVIII.ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to trace the relationships between expelled Jesuits, Saint José Pignatelli (1735-1811 and Vicente Requeno (1743-1811, both Fine Arts lovers, and the Clementine Academy of Bologna at the end of the 18th century.

  14. Distribution of Th-232 and Th-228 in Santos and Sao Vicente Estuary, Sao Paulo, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, P.S.C.; Mazzilli, B.P.; Favaro, D.I.T. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Av. Lineu Prestes, 2242, Caixa Postal 05508-000, Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo (Brazil)]. e-mail: Pscsilva@ipen.br

    2004-07-01

    In the last decades considerable attention has been given to technologically enhanced natural occurring radioactive material (TENORM). Within this frame, of particular concern is the phosphate fertilizer industry. Santos Basin, located in Southwest Brazil, Sao Paulo State, comprising Santos and Sao Vicente estuarine system, is considered the most important industrial region of the country. Among the industrial activities present, phosphate fertilizer plants are responsible for the production of 69 millions tons of phosphogypsum waste, which is stockpiled in the surrounding environment. This waste concentrates radionuclides of the natural series originally present in the phosphate rock used as raw material. This study aims to evaluate the environmental impact of such activities in the sediments of the estuarine system. {sup 232} Th and {sup 228} Th concentrations in Santos and San Vicente estuary sediments were determined by Neutron activation analysis and Gamma spectrometry, respectively. {sup 232} Th concentration ranged from 6.5 to 198 Bq kg{sup -1} with mean value of 57 {+-} 39 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 42 samples. {sup 228} Th content varied from 12 to 110 Bq kg{sup -1} with a mean value of 74 {+-} 23 Bq kg{sup -1}, for 18 samples. It can be seen that the amount of {sup 232} Th is higher in the rivers close to the phosphogypsum piles, at least five points were identified as being affected by anthropogenic factor. (Author)

  15. Una fosa común en el interior de Argentina: el Cementerio de San Vicente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Olmo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa Antropología Forense ha tenido un papel fundamental en las investigaciones sobre el terrorismode estado en Argentina durante el último siglo, y todavía lo tiene: La exhumación de los cadáveres noidentificados enterrados en fosas comunes y tumbas individuales y el análisis de los restos recuperadospara su identificación y determinación de la causa de muerte. En el caso aquí descrito, las técnicasforenses y arqueológicas son esenciales para la localización de las fosas comunes en San Vicente,Córdoba, distinguiendo entre los desaparecidos y otros muertos allí enterrados, la determinación de laidentidad y la reconstrucción de la forma en que fueron asesinados.AbstractForensic anthropology had a fundamental role to play in the process of investigations about StateTerrorism in Argentina during the last century, and still does: that of exhuming the unidentified bodiesstill buried in common and individual graves and of analyzing the recovered remains towards theiridentification and determination of the cause of death. In the case described here, forensicanthropological and archaeological skills were essential in locating the mass graves at San Vicente,Córdoba, distinguishing among disappeared and non-disappeared dead, determining identity, andreconstructing the manner in which the disappeared were killed.

  16. Erotismo y Música Para La Escena: El Género Sicaliptico: Vicente Lleó Balbestre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Salvador Blasco Magraner

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A principios del siglo XX, el género sicalíptico, es decir el erotismo y lo picante, comenzó a invadir los proscenios de aquellos coliseos en donde se representaba el género chico. El compositor valenciano Vicente Lleó Balbastre se convirtió en la figura de referencia de esta modalidad teatral; con obras tan insignes como La Corte de Faraón, opereta bíblica estrenada en 1910 en el teatro Eslava de Madrid,a la sazón el templo de la sicalipsis, y de la que se llegaron a realizar setecientas setenta y dos representaciones. Este artículo investiga la incidencia del género sicalíptico en los escenarios teatrales líricos madrileños a través de la biografía del maestro Vicente Lleó, uno de los máximos exponentes del género chico.

  17. St. Vicent Ferrer’s Catalán sermon on St. Martin of Tours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreiro, Alberto

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most widely venerated saints in the Middle Ages was St. Martin of Tours whose cult continues to this day in many parts of the world. In the Middle Ages, he became as popular as other major saints such as Thomas Becket, Santiago de Compostela and the Virgin Mary. St. Martin’s cult became very prominent in the Iberian Peninsula before and after the emergence of the cult of Santiago de Compostela. In St. Vicent Ferrer’s voluminous sermons this one in Catalán is dedicated to this most venerated Gallic saint. The most important late antique and early medieval sources that form the background of this sermon are by Sulpicius Severus- the Gallus and Vita Sancti Martini. In the high Middle Ages, however, his cult was popularized through the Legenda Aurea written by the Dominican Jacobus of Voragine, who synthesized Sulpicius’ two works on St. Martin. Moreover, St. Vicent preached not to make any major doctrinal breakthroughs- his main interest was to evangelize, not to write academic theology- he nevertheless exhibited great creativity. The object of this study is St. Vicent’s Catalán sermon Alius Sermo Sancti Martini, CXXXIV.Uno de los santos más venerados en la edad media fue San Martín de Tours, cuyo culto continúa hasta hoy en muchas partes del mundo. En la edad media, se hizo tan popular como otros grandes Santos: Thomas Becket, Santiago de Compostela y la Virgen María. El culto de San Martín se hizo prominente en la Península Ibérica antes y después de la aparición del culto a Santiago de Compostela. En los sermones voluminosos de San Vicente Ferrer esta uno en Catalán que está dedicado a este santo tan venerado de Galia. Las fuentes más importantes procedentes de la antigu.edad tardía y principios medievales que forma el fondo de este sermón son Gallus y la Vita Sancti Martini de Sulpicio Severo. Sin embargo, en la alta edad media, su culto se popularizó a través de la Legenda Aurea escrita por el dominico

  18. Interaction between Typhoon Vicente (1208) and the western Pacific subtropical high during the Beijing extreme rainfall of 21 July 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Yongren; Xue, Lin; Li, Ying; Wei, Na; Lü, Aimin

    2015-04-01

    The heaviest rainfall in recent six decades fell in Beijing on 21 July 2012, reaching a record of 460 mm within 18 h. This rainfall was a typical remote precipitation event related to Typhoon Vicente (1208). Observational analysis indicates that Vicente influenced distant heavy rainfall by transporting water vapor northward to the Beijing area. This moisture transport was mainly driven by the interaction between Vicente and the western Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) associated with the formation of a low-level southeasterly moisture channel. A set of numerical sensitivity experiments were performed with prescribed typhoons of different intensities to investigate the interaction between Vicente and the WPSH and its effects on this rainstorm process. The results indicate that the WPSH interacting with typhoons of different intensities may exert varying degrees of influence on the development of a southeasterly moisture channel, resulting in a change in rain rate and location over the Beijing area. Specifically, in the presence of an enhanced typhoon, the WPSH shows remarkable withdrawal to the east, which is favorable for a northward extension of the southeasterly moisture channel, thereby increasing moisture supply for the rainstorm. The WPSH tends to stretch westward in a zonal pattern if the typhoon is weakened or removed, hindering the northward extension of the moisture channel. Thus, the rainfall area may be expected to expand or contract, with corresponding increases or decreases in rain rate over the Beijing area with a strengthened or weakened typhoon, respectively.

  19. Strengthening Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hintz, Allison B.

    2013-01-01

    "Strategy sharing" is a certain type of discussion that centers on students' ideas and occurs when children present different approaches to problems and provide information about how they solved the problem (Wood, Williams, and McNeal 2004). A teacher may orchestrate a strategy-sharing discussion to achieve one or more of the…

  20. Historia y poesía en la obra de Vicente Quirarte

    OpenAIRE

    Ballester Pardo, Ignacio

    2016-01-01

    Vicente Quirarte (Ciudad de México, 1954) es un poeta que historia México. Su padre, el historiador Martín Quirarte, le presentó «las viejas calles de la Ciudad de México, escenarios naturales de la Historia». Fruto de esta relación entre Historia e historia fue su tesis doctoral Elogio de la calle. Biografía literaria de la Ciudad de México. 1850-1992 (2001), así como las prosas de Un paraguas y una máquina de coser (2010); pero es en la poesía de Como a veces la vida (2000), Nombre sin aire...

  1. Vicente Sáenz: el antifascismo itinerante o los fantasmas del patriarca

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Mora, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    El artículo explica el papel y la vivencia del intelectual costarricense Vicente Sáenz en la era antifascista, planteando para ello dos hipótesis: que el caso de Sáenz resulta un contrapunto para hacer lectura de la evolución y desenlace del antifascismo en Costa Rica, y que esa coyuntura histórica permite apreciar las formas en que lo subjetivo se funde en lo político y viceversa. Para esto se acude a una serie de referentes teóricos, fundamentales para comprender la figura intelectual de Sá...

  2. Scientific training and professional practice in Vicente Cervantes Mendo’s Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastor Villegas, José

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Vicente Cervantes Mendo (Ledrada, Salamanca, 1758-México, 1829 was a famous Spanish Mexican scientific; he is today heritage of Spain and Mexico. As a continuation of two recent articles on his life at Spain, the present study deals with his scientific formation at Madrid, as pharmacist and as botanist, as well as on his professional activity. Two documents of Casimiro Gómez Ortega, principal professor of the Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, dated in 1786 and related with the Real Expedición Botánica a Nueva España (1787-1803, have served to establish conclusions which clarify the subjects studied and correct mistakes.

    Vicente Cervantes Mendo (Ledrada, Salamanca, 1758-México, 1829 fue un insigne científico hispanomexicano; hoy es patrimonio de España y México. Como una continuación de dos artículos recientes sobre su vida en España, este artículo trata de su formación científica, como farmacéutico y como botánico, y de su ejercicio profesional en Madrid. Dos informes de Casimiro Gómez Ortega de 1786, catedrático primero del Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, en relación con la Real Expedición Botánica a Nueva España (1787-1803, han servido para establecer conclusiones que precisan los aspectos estudiados y corrigen errores.

  3. Amores intertextuales y parodias posmodernistas: Vicente Molina Foix y la poesía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gala, Candelas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking as a point of departure the two poetry books, Los espías del realista y Vanas penas de amor, that Vicente Molina Foix published in 1990 and 1998, respectively, this essay analyzes the role of the ironic glance the poetic speaker casts on the literary, artistic and cultural models firmly rooted in the analytical-referential system of tradition. A careful reading of specific poems from both collections reveals Molina Foix’s use of parodic and inter-textual strategies to debunk the monumentality of such discourses, not so much to ridicule or do away with them, but to show their incongruence in the modern context and at the level of the individual person.Tomando como punto de partida los dos libros de poesía, Los espías del realista y Vanas penas de amor, que Vicente Molina Foix publica en 1990 y 1998, respectivamente, este ensayo analiza el papel de la mirada irónica que el hablante poético dirige a los modelos literarios, artísticos y culturales sólidamente establecidos en el sistema analítico y referencial de la tradición. La lectura atenta de poemas específicos procedentes de ambas colecciones revela el uso que hace Molina Foix de estrategias paródicas e intertextuales para desbancar la monumentalidad de dichos discursos con el fin no tanto de descartarlos y ridiculizarlos, sino más bien de mostrar su incongruencia en el contexto moderno y a nivel de la persona individual.

  4. Proceso y ejecución de Vicente Talens Inglá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Ramírez Navarro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo traza un resumen biográfico de Vicente Talens Inglá, militante comunista y gobernador civil de Almería entre 1937 y 1938. Anarquista, masón, bailarín en la compañía de Isadora Duncan, modelo de desnudo artístico, Talens es un personaje pintoresco tanto por su actuación política como por su fascinante trayectoria vital. A pesar de haber liberado a decenas de presos derechistas fue detenido en el puerto de Alicante y condenado a muerte. Las siguientes páginas se centran en su proceso judicial, en el que las dos acusaciones más graves fueron hechas por dos personas a las que había salvado la vida. Palabras clave: Guerra civil, gobernador civil, PCE, represión franquista. _____________________ Abstracts This article draw up a biographical summary of Vicente Talens Inglá communist militant and civil governor of Almería between 1937 and 1938. Anarchist, mason, dancer in Isadora Duncan company, artistic nude model, Talens is a colorful character not only by his political action but also by his fascinating life story. Despite having released dozens of prisoners wing right, he was arrested at the port of Alicante and sentenced to death. The following pages are focused on his trial, in which the two most serious allegations were made by two people who were saved by him. Keywords: Spanish Civil War, civil governor, PCE, Francoist repression.

  5. Tratamiento quirúrgico del trauma abdominal en pacientes atendidos en el servicio de trauma del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso, enero - diciembre de 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Mogollón Guzmán, Edisson Andrés

    2016-01-01

    El trauma abdominal es una entidad clínica frecuente en nuestro medio. La importancia radica por sus implicaciones en el manejo y el costo socioeconómico que genera. Objetivo: Identificar el manejo quirúrgico del trauma abdominal en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso. Método: estudio descriptivo y prospectivo de todos los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por trauma abdominal en el Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso - Cuenca - Ecuador, en el 2014, para lo cual ...

  6. El Templo de San Vicente Ferrer: un ambicioso proyecto neogótico de la arquitectura conventual valenciana

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Andrés, Felisa

    1987-01-01

    LA BASILICA DE SAN VICENTE FERRER, QUE SUSTITUYO AL DESAMORTIZADO TEMPLO DE SANTO DOMINGO, DE CLARAS CANNOTACIONES AUTOCTONAS, FUE COMENZADA POR J. Mª ARNAU, QUIEN REALIZO UN PROYECTO BASICAMENTE GOTICO QUE MAS TARDE REFORMARIA SU SUCESOR F. ALMENAR. SE LEVANTO UN TEMPLO ACORDE CON LA MENTALIDAD DE TRIUNFALISMO RELIGIOSO DE SU TIEMPO. ENSALZANDO ELEMENTOS DE DIVERSAS EPOCAS, PREDOMINANDO DE UN MODO ESPECIAL LOS DE RAIZ MEDIEVAL, NO SOLO VALENCIANA Y ESPAÑOLA, SINO TAMBIEN EXTRANJERA. CON LA G...

  7. Assessment of mangrove flora of Palaui Island Protected Landscape and Seascape (PIPLS) San Vicente, Sta. Ana Cagayan valley, Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Melanie A. Calicdan; Carmelita Rebancos; Rico Ancog; Nestor Baguinon

    2015-01-01

    The status and species composition of mangrove forest is a basic and pre-requisite for the management and conservation of mangrove resource. The study was conducted to determine the status and species composition of mangrove forests of Palaui Island Protected Landscape and Seascape (PIPLS), San Vicente Sta. Ana, Cagayan, Philippines. A Transect Line Plot (TLP) method was employed to obtain data on the structure of mangrove community. Results revealed that there were 16 true mangrove species b...

  8. Panel discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    No Author Given

    1975-01-01

    Panel discussion: summation and future projections. Introductory remarks by panelists followed by questions and comments from the floor. Panelists: Dr. Joseph Barnea (former director of Resources and Transport for the United Nations; energy consultant to the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)); the Honorable Clyde F. Bel, Jr. (member of the Louisiana House of Representatives representing District 90 and New Orleans); Dr. David Lombard (acting chief of the Advanced Systems Branch of the Division of Geothermal Energy Research and Technology, Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)); Fred C. Repper (vice-president of Central Power and Light Company in Corpus Christi, Texas); Dr. Hans Suter (environmental consultant in Corpus Christi, Texas; environmental columnist for the Corpus Christi Caller Times). Session chairman: Herbert Woodson.

  9. Cytogenotoxicity biomarkers in fat snook Centropomus parallelus from Cananéia and São Vicente estuaries, SP, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    The aquatic environment receives many contaminants that can induce damages at the molecular, biochemical, cellular and physiological levels. Centropomus parallelus, an important food resource for local populations, is a predator fish that feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates, thus being vulnerable to the bioconcentration and biomagnification processes. This study aimed to evaluate cytogenotoxic responses in erythrocytes from C. parallelus juveniles collected in the Cananéia and São Vicente estuaries, both in winter and in summer. After anesthesia, blood samples were collected by caudal puncture. Blood smears were prepared on glass slides and stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa dye. Two thousand cells were analyzed per slide (1000x), and nuclear abnormalities (NA) and micronuclei (MN) were scored. The São Vicente sample showed MN and NA frequencies (%/1000 cells) of 0.325 and 3.575, in winter, and of 0.125 and 2.935 in summer respectively; the Cananéia sample showed frequencies of 0.0325 and 0.03, in winter, and of 0.065 and 0.355 in summer, respectively. The rates found in São Vicente were significantly higher than those found in Cananéia, evidencing that the levels of pollution in that estuary were high enough to induce genetic damages. PMID:21637661

  10. Cytogenotoxicity biomarkers in fat snook Centropomus parallelus from Cananéia and São Vicente estuaries, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline A. Kirschbaum

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The aquatic environment receives many contaminants that can induce damages at the molecular, biochemical, cellular and physiological levels. Centropomus parallelus , an important food resource for local populations, is a predator fish that feeds on small fishes and benthic invertebrates, thus being vulnerable to the bioconcentration and biomagnification processes. This study aimed to evaluate cytogenotoxic responses in erythrocytes from C. parallelus juveniles collected in the Cananéia and São Vicente estuaries, both in winter and in summer. After anesthesia, blood samples were collected by caudal puncture. Blood smears were prepared on glass slides and stained with May-Grünwald-Giemsa dye. Two thousand cells were analyzed per slide (1000x, and nuclear abnormalities (NA and micronuclei (MN were scored. The São Vicente sample showed MN and NA frequencies (%/1000 cells of 0.325 and 3.575, in winter, and of 0.125 and 2.935 in summer respectively; the Cananéia sample showed frequencies of 0.0325 and 0.03, in winter, and of 0.065 and 0.355 in summer, respectively. The rates found in São Vicente were significantly higher than those found in Cananéia, evidencing that the levels of pollution in that estuary were high enough to induce genetic damages.

  11. Causalidad del vértigo en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier A. Ortiz

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available En el período 1984-1986 se estudiaron en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín, 87 pacientes con vértigo; se halló que el origen era periférico en el 62, 1% y central en el 11,5% de los casos; no se logró definir la causa en el 20,7% de los pacientes, pese a la observación prolongada ya los exámenes paraclínicos. En el grupo de pacientes con vértigo de origen central la mitad presentaban alteraciones de tipo vascular; la enfermedad de Meniere fue la primera causa en el grupo de pacientes con vértigo de origen periférico (18,5%; siete de los diez pacientes con esta enfermedad presentaron compromiso de ambos oídos. La sífilis ótica causó el 7,4% de los vértigos periféricos, razón por la que se recomienda practicar a todo paciente con trastornos del equilibrio una serología que incluya, en caso de negatividad de la reacción de floculación, un FTA-ABS.

  12. El Club Sporting. Organización social en San Vicente de Chucurí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene Parra Jaimes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza y describe la dinámica y forma organizacional del Club Sporting, asociación cívica de carácter deportivo, en el municipio de San Vicente de Chucuri (Santander, Colombia entre 1962 y 1966. El objetivo es explicar su incidencia en la vida cultural y cotidiana de los miembros y habitantes del municipio, y cómo el proyecto logra motivar la participación social y política de la ciudadanía. El texto describe cómo la actividad principal que aglutina todas las actividades es el quehacer deportivo y en particular el futbol y atletismo, permite a sus habitantes crear lazos de afecto, solidaridad social, espacios de entretenimiento, recreación y la consecución de cierta infraestructura deportiva inexistente hasta ese momento. El acerbo documental se apoya en un trabajo de campo cuya información es recogida con la técnica de entrevistas, la consulta de archivos locales públicos y privados, y fuentes secundarias que motivaron al autor centrarse en actores sociales locales y líderes naturales de la comunidad.

  13. Odour evaluation in a WWTP. The case study of San Vicente de la Barquera (Cantabria); Evaluacion del olor generado en una EDAR. El caso de San Vicente de la Barquera (Cantabria)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo Alonso, E.; Esteban Garcia, A. L.; Lobo Garcia de Cortazar, A.

    2005-07-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the odour problems in the WWTP located in San Vicente de la Barquera (Cantabria, Spain), before and after the set up of the odour treatment system. Odour was measured by determining the concentration of H{sub 2}S in air. A portable equipment with sensibility of 3 ppb was used. Odour maps, which reflect the concentration detected in each point corresponding to the different environmental and operational situations studied, were performed. The obtained results show the usefulness of the method used to detect the odour sources and nuisances in the WWTP area. (Author) 22 refs.

  14. Alfredo Gracia Vicente: del exilio republicano al jardín alfonsino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Kaput González Santos

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Nostalgia del territorio perdido e incorporación del sujeto en un nuevo entorno son los temas que contrapuntean la obra intelectual de Alfredo Gracia Vicente. Ellos definen sus múltiples labores como maestro. Dentro de la locación institucional del magisterio, ejerció en repetidas ocasiones la función de antólogo. Esta fue su manera de recuperar la tradición que le arrebatara la experiencia del exilio y la estrategia que implementó en la formación de seres estéticos más allá de las aulas. El libro ...del jardín de don Alfonso llega a nosotros como un documento que recrea el diálogo que sostuvo el asturiano con los escritos de Alfonso Reyes. De manera temprana (1907-1927, el regiomontano había creado las bases para el intercambio cultural entre los intelectuales españoles y latinoamericanos. Hacer del hispanismo un espacio habitable y un corredor de intercambio cultural fue el interés común de estos dos pensadores. Este ámbito histórico, sentimental y estético le brindaba una unidad superior a todos los participantes, sin menoscabo de sus prerrogativas. En su faceta de antólogo, por tanto, Gracia engrosa las filas del Estado Estético que Robert Conn rastrea en la obra de Reyes: el marco donde la cultura de una comunidad es representada por las instituciones del arte y la literatura.

  15. L’utopie inaugurale ou les prémices du mythe chez Vicente Huidobro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphanie Dumont

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de una lectura de la obra “primitiva” del poeta chileno Vicente Huidobro, el análisis busca establecer la coherencia y la unidad de la primera etapa de constitución de una obra. En estas primeras producciones (1912-1925, Huidobro desarrolla estrategias de escritura que refuerza de un poemario a otro, poniendo en escena figuras poéticas de una estatura tan grandiosa como el proyecto de escritura que ellas animan. La ambición o la utopía “creacionista”, reivindicada en numerosos manifiestos huidobrianos del período, constituye el hilo conductor de este proyecto original, paralelo al que estructura la arquitectura semántica y conceptual de los poemarios. Este sueño inaugural se encarna de manera particular en Adán (1916, primera definición sublimada del Poeta “hacedor” de mundos ; un Adán que se determina también como anticipación de Altazor (1931. Es en este corpus primitivo que comienza a escribirse la historia - o la prehistoria – de un mito en perpetua evolución.A partir d’une lecture des recueils « primitifs » du poète chilien Vicente Huidobro, l’analyse vise à établir une cohérence et une unité au sein de la démarche initiale de fondation d’une œuvre. Ces premières productions (1912-1925 développent des stratégies d’écriture renforcées d’un recueil à l’autre, et mettent en scène des figures poétiques à la stature aussi démesurément grandiose que le projet d’écriture qu’elles soutiennent. De ce projet original, l’ambition ou l’utopie « créationniste », revendiquée dans les nombreux manifestes huidobriens de la période, est la parallèle directrice structurant l’architecture sémantique et conceptuelle des recueils. Ce rêve de l’inauguralité se voit porté plus particulièrement par la figure précoce de l’Adán de 1916, première définition sublimée du Poète « faiseur » de mondes ; un Adán qui se détermine aussi comme anticipation de l

  16. La inclusión de los estudiantes con discapacidades en la universidad laica vicente rocafuerte de guayaquil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Bodero

    2016-06-01

    El presente documento presenta una recopilación preliminar de datos sobre el número de estudiantes discapacitados que estudian en la Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte de la ciudad de Guayaquil, información que se utilizará en el proyecto que está desarrollando el grupo de investigadores de la ULVR, y la cual permitirá implementar un modelo de apoyo para garantizar la inclusión de los estudiantes con discapacidades en esta Institución.

  17. Intervención en el actual programa de rehabilitación cardiaca del hospital San Vicente de Paul

    OpenAIRE

    Barquero León, Adriana, Rojas Campos Luis Alberto

    2010-01-01

    Tesis texto completo En esta práctica se incluyeron 19 pacientes que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, pero sólo concluyeron 11 de estos. Se toman en cuenta pacientes que sufren algún tipo de cardiopatía y que fueron referidos al Servicio de Rehabilitación Cardiaca del Hospital San Vicente de Paúl de Heredia. Con una duración de 120 horas contacto con el paciente, divididas en 34 sesiones realizadas durante dos meses y medio. Se realiza un diagnóstico para partir de datos actuales y...

  18. Mal nutrición materna, parto y bienestar fetal. Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso. Abril-Julio 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Ñauta Baculima, Manuel Jaime

    2007-01-01

    Determinar la prevalencia de malnutrición materna al parto, relacionar con el tipo de parto y la condición del recién nacido. Embarazadas al parto, departamento de obstetricia, Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso, Abril - Julio 2007, Muestra: 650 parturientas. Al ingreso se peso y tomo la talla, clasificó según el nomograma de Rosso y Mardones. Se valoró el tipo de parto. Se clasificó según peso, edad gestacional y según riesgo de mortalidad neonal (Bataglia y Lunchenko), APGAR a los cinco minuto...

  19. Propuesta de Comunicación Online para el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Arranz, Blanca

    2013-01-01

    A través de este trabajo de investigación intengo indagar en el estado de las redes sociales y entorno online dentro del Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente para posteriormente realizar una propuesta de comunicación online centrándome en Facebook y Twitter aplicable al museo. El objetivo es dar más notoriedad al museo y que esto pueda aportar un incremento económico para su sustento. Máster en Comunicación con Fines Sociales: Estrategias y Campañas

  20. Características de las infecciones nosocomiales en el servicio de cuidados intensivos pediátricos del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso, Cuenca 2014 -2015

    OpenAIRE

    Salcedo González, Rosa Karina

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo: Determinar las características de las infecciones nosocomiales en el servicio de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso durante el año 2014 al 2015. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo llevado a cabo en 32 pacientes diagnosticados de infección nosocomial en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso; los datos fueron recogidos en un formulario; se tabularon en el programa SPSS versión 15 y para el análisis ...

  1. Possibility of groundwater as an alternative for citric culture recovery in Sao Vicente District, Araruama, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil; Possibilidade de agua subterranea como alternativa na recuperacao da citricultura no Distrito de Sao Vicente, Municipio de Araruama, RJ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mello, Leonidas Castro [Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    1995-12-31

    Results and perspectives of the Geoelectrical Resistivity Sounding Survey in Eastern Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro State, run by DEGEO/IA/UFRRJ (Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, Agronomy Institute, Geology Dept.) for the Municipal Prefecture of Araruama in Sao Vicente District, RJ, where underground is needed to support irrigation projects, mainly of citrus, are presented. Geophysical data interpretation resulted in a 900 m long geoelectrical cross section illustrating that groundwater subsurface conditions in the surveyed area comprise: the 1400-1800 ohm.m resistivimetric regions associated to the granitic-gneissic embasement`s fracturing/faulting zones; the 215 ohm.m resistivimetric region associated to the embasement`s type C weathering horizon; and all others resistivimetric regions, below the water table, ranging from 27-227 phm.m, associated to an averaging 35 m thick and course sedimentary package overlaying the crystalline. Finally it is possible to conclude that groundwater in Sao Vicente, District of Araruama, RJ, must not be considered a possibility. It must be considered a reality, and surely the only alternative for restoration and expansion of the citriculture in this rural area of Rio de Janeiro State. (author). 4 refs., 1 fig

  2. Esteticismo y compromiso social en Euterpologio politonal de Vicente Rosales y Rosales. Re actualización y superación del modernismo en El Salvador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Thomas Bosshard

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo aclarará las múltiples referencias del autor al simbolismo, al modernismo y al vanguardismo e igualmente ubicará a Rosales y Rosales ante el trasfondo de aquellos discursos antropológicos y estéticos que a partir de 1900 empezaron a resaltar el ritmo como factor decisivo para poder definir la raza. También mediante el análisis de los poemas contenidos en Euterpologio politonal destaca la combinación de lo rítmico con lo racial-indígena, hecho notable, dado que el autor reelaboró el poemario después de que los indígenas salvadoreños fueron aniquilados casi por completo como consecuencia de La Matanza de 1932. Así, el aparente esteticismo apolítico de Rosales y Rosales asume aspectos inesperados de compromiso social que requieren una revalorización de su escritura.This article will discuss the multiple references of Vicente Rosales y Rosales, to the poetics of French symbolism, American modernisms and the international avant-garde in order to locate his position within the ethnographic and aesthetic discourses on the relation of rhythm and race that appeared since the end of the 19th century. This seems to be especially important, though rhythmic and racial elements are both present in Rosales y Rosales’ poems analyzed here. Considering the fact that Salvadorean natives were almost completely killed during the so-called La Matanza in 1932 and that Rosales y Rosales started to rewrite his Euterpologio politonal after this incident, the apparently apolitical frame of Rosales y Rosales’ aestheticism unexpectedly turns to social compromiso —a fact that requires a revalorization of his writing.

  3. Vicente Risco. Etnografía y literatura en la configuración nacional de la identidad gallega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coppel Hidalgo, Carlos

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The great figure of Vicente Risco ought to be revised in the process of assessing his extensive ethnographic work, done under the shelter of the incipient Galician nationalism of the early 20th century. Risco's intellectual prominence before the years of the Second Republic enabled him to defend, from traditionalist and culturalist positions, a nationalism founded upon the notion that culture is a distinctive fact. He was joined in this endeavor by other members of his generation. The author, who finds fault with the received interpretation of Risco as a "political man" and of his work as something unrelated to his life, attempts to recuperate this provincial as well as cosmopolitan scholar by showing the coherence that his complex personality, life and work reveal. The author's aim is to find for Risco the place in the history of anthropology that he deserves, beyond any ideological branding.La figura señera de Vicente Risco es objeto de revisión necesaria, como modo de aproximación a la ingente labor etnográfica desplegada a la sombra del incipiente nacionalismo gallego en los albores del siglo. El indiscutible liderazgo intelectual de Risco, hasta la proclamación de la II República, le permitió propiciar junto a sus compañeros de generación, desde posiciones tradicionalistas y culturalistas, un nacionalismo que se apoyaba en la cultura como hecho diferencial. Ahora bien, frente al juicio corriente que reconstruye su figura principalmente como "hombre político" y divorcia su vida de su obra, se ofrece la oportunidad de recuperar críticamente a este intelectual provinciano de espíritu cosmopolita, desde la coherencia que ofrece su intrincada personalidad, su vida y su obra. Para más allá de todo estereotipo ideológico, poder ofrecer a Risco un espacio normalizado en la historia de la antropología.

  4. Butyltin compounds and their relation with organic matter in marine sediments from San Vicente Bay-Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinochet, Hugo; Tessini, Catherine; Bravo, Manuel; Quiroz, Waldo; De Gregori, Ida

    2009-08-01

    Tributyltin and its degradation products, mono-and dibutyltin have been determined in sediments collected in some representative sites in San Vicente Bay, Chile. The organic matter contents of sediments and water collected simultaneously from the same sampling sites were also determined. High levels of total organic carbon were found in sediments, especially in those from the northern part of the bay (1.80-8.87%). Good correlations were found between total organic carbon and the oxidizable and refractory carbon fractions. Among the butyltin species determined, TBT presented the highest levels, ranging from 14 to 1,560 ng Sn g(-1) dry weight. Concentration ratios of TBT to DBT ranged between 1.33 and 3.10, showing a high degree of contamination in sediments of this Chilean bay. All data obtained were analysed by the chemometric method of principal components analysis. A strong correlation was found between TBT and DBT concentrations in sediments, the different organic matter contents in sediments and water. In marine organisms only TBT was detected, containing the filterer organism Semele solida higher level than Perumytilus purpuratus and Pyura chilensis (220, 150 and 120 ng Sn g(-1) dry weight, respectively). For the alga Rodoficea iridae the TBT concentration was 60 ng Sn g(-1) dw. Comparatively, these values are higher than those reported for the same kind of marine organisms worldwide. The different samples from San Vicente Bay were found to be contaminated by TBT. This contamination can be attributed to the different anthropogenic activities taking place in the bay.

  5. Let's Discuss: Teaching Students about Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brank, Eve; Wylie, Lindsey

    2013-01-01

    Research consistently demonstrates the benefits of employing classroom discussions; however, there has been less attention given to teaching students about discussions. The current research compared 2 advanced social psychology courses: 1 without (control) and 1 with (experimental) a week devoted to learning about and discussing discussions.…

  6. Contribuição ao conhecimento da biologia da manjuba, Anchoviella lepidentostole (Fowler, 1911, no estuário de São Vicente, SP (Osteichthyes, Engraulidae Biology of the "manjuba" Anchoviella lepidentostole (Fowler, 1911 from the São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil (Odeichthyes, Engraulidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Martins Paiva Filho

    1986-01-01

    Full Text Available As many as 3408 specimens from 16 samples were collected in São Vicente Estuary, Sao Paulo, Brazil, from June 1979 to July 1980. The occurrence, growth, length-weight relationship and condition factor of the species are analysed. This estuarine region is one of the areas where the species grows, moving from it when the maturation process begins.

  7. Vicent Andrés Estellés: la construcció poètica de la identitat valenciana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purificació Mascarell

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la construction de l'identité valencienne dans la poésie de Vicent AndrésEstellés à partir de l'analyse de son style d'écriture (avec un langage proche au populaire et du revise auxthèmes de sa principale oeuvre de contenu nationaliste, le Mural del País Valencià.

  8. Vicente Fox presidential campaing and the model of propaganda in political communication La campaña presidencial de Vicente Fox y el modelo propagandista de comunicación política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana BORJAS BENAVENTE

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The characteristics of political communication identified by Dominque Wolton can be used to analyse the electoral process of 1988 in Mexico, as public opinion and opinion began to emerge through the exchange between legitimate political actors. The main features of this exchange emerged and were consolidated during the 2000 presidential election campaign, coinciding with the typology developed by Gilles Achache regarding a model of propaganda. The objectives of the paper are to examine the electoral campaign of Vicente Fox of the PAN for the presidency in 2000, and to identify the differences that set it apart from the campaign of other candidates and from the traditional electoral behaviour of previous electoral processes, in order to demonstrate that through the use of techniques of political marketing in the public space, the Fox campaign introduced a new model of propaganda in political communication in Mexico.: Con base en las características atribuidas por Dominique Wolton a la comunicación política, es posible situar el surgimiento pleno de esta última en México durante el proceso electoral de 1988, cuando los discursos de la opinión pública a través de los sondeos comenzaron a introducirse en el espacio público. A partir de entonces, al producirse el intercambio de mensajes entre los actores con legitimidad, empezó a configurarse un modelo de comunicación política, cuyos rasgos esenciales surgieron o se reafirmaron durante la campaña para las elecciones presidenciales de julio de 2000 y que, en tanto coinciden con la tipología establecida por Gilles Achache, corresponden al modelo propagandista. Dar cuenta de la campaña electoral de Vicente Fox, candidato del Partido Acción Nacional a la Presidencia de la República mexicana en el año 2000, establecer las diferencias que representó respecto a las campañas de otros candidatos, así como en relación al comportamiento tradicionalmente observado por los distintos actores

  9. Epidemiologic and clinical profiles of bone and joint tuberculosis: observational study at hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul, Medellín, Colombia, 1994-2004. Perfiles epidemiológico y clínico de la tuberculosis osteoarticular: estudio observacional en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, 1994-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Eduardo López Valencia

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available An observational, retrospective study was performed at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, based on the clinical records of patients with bone and joint tuberculosis between January 1994 and December 2004; based on the findings, epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic characteristics of 47 patients are described. These patients represented 3.4% of the total of tuberculosis cases found in this hospital during the studied period; 35 had spinal tuberculosis and in 12 the disease affected other bones; a history of pulmonary tuberculosis was found in only 7 patients; 23 were males and 24, females; their ages were between 1 and 71 years; 18 were younger than 12 years; cultures for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were positive in 14 patients (29.8% and biopsies were consistent with tuberculosis in 26 (55.3%. Eleven of the 12 patients with extraspinal disease had the radiological findings of Phemisther. Predominant symptoms of spinal tuberculosis were: pain, neurological manifestations and deformity, mostly kyphosis. From the radiological point of view, these patients had destruction of vertebral bodies and decrease of articular space in addition to osteopenia. Tomography was performed in 19 patients and revealed medullary compression in 5 of them; magnetic resonance carried out in 17 patients showed medullary compression in 8 and paravertebral abscesses in the 17. Results are discussed on the basis of reports from the world medical literature and in the context of the health situation of the Colombian population. Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional retrospectivo en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, basado en la revisión de las historias de pacientes con tuberculosis osteoarticular, entre enero de 1994 y diciembre de 2004; con base en los hallazgos se describen las características demográficas, clínicas, de laboratorio y de tratamiento de 47 pacientes que correspondían al 3

  10. A SÁTIRA SOCIAL DE GIL VICENTE NA PEÇA O AUTO DA BARCA DO INFERNO (1517

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Cardoso (UENP

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Gil Vicente, dramaturgo português, retratou a sociedade lusitana do século XVI em sua obra O Auto da Barca do Inferno (1517, fazendo um julgamento dos personagens e de seus respectivos vícios e defeitos após a morte dos mesmos. Com isso, a intenção do autor foi expor os vícios humanos de forma satírica e despojada. Desse modo, a obra O Auto da Barca do Inferno tem um teor religioso cujo foco é o alcance de certo efeito didático-moralizante. Esse drama foi escrito na passagem da Idade Média para a Idade Moderna, momento em que o homem ainda pensava em Deus (Teocentrismo, mas também principiava a predominar o Antropocentrismo (homem no centro do universo. Essa peça, em suma, além de ser uma obra religiosa, tem por objetivo criticar os costumes, hábitos e condutas de uma sociedade corrupta, hipócrita e imoral.

  11. La prensa y la crítica ante el teatro lírico de Vicente Peydró

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Salvador Blasco Magraner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vicente Peydró Díez fue el creador y principal mantenedor del teatro lírico valenciano inmerso en el movimiento cultural que denominamos Renaixença. Las zarzuelas de Peydró atrajeron a los principales medios de prensa valencianos, donde escribían algunos de los más importantes críticos del momento. En el presente artículo se analizan las críticas de sus obras más significativas a fin de abordar los juicios estético-críticos emitidos por los musicógrafos y sus análisis para comprender mejor la postura de éstos ante el teatro lírico de Peydró. Asimismo, también se analiza la repercusión social de este autor, quien gozó de un agran aceptación por la facilidad que tenía para conectar con el público.

  12. El Club Sporting. Organización social en San Vicente de Chucurí, 1962-1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene Parra Jaimes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza y describe la dinámica y forma organizacional del Club Sporting, asociación cívica de carácter deportivo, en el municipio de San Vicente de Chucuri (Santander, Colombia entre 1962 y 1966. El objetivo es explicar su incidencia en la vida cultural y cotidiana de los miembros y habitantes del municipio, y cómo el proyecto logra motivar la participación social y política de la ciudadanía. El texto describe cómo la actividad principal que aglutina todas las actividades es el quehacer deportivo y en particular el futbol y atletismo, permite a sus habitantes crear lazos de afecto, solidaridad social, espacios de entretenimiento, recreación y la consecución de cierta infraestructura deportiva inexistente hasta ese momento. El acerbo documental se apoya en un trabajo de campo cuya información es recogida con la técnica de entrevistas, la consulta de archivos locales públicos y privados, y fuentes secundarias que motivaron al autor centrarse en actores sociales locales  y líderes naturales de la comunidad.

  13. Integrated quality assessment of sediments from harbour areas in Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System, Southern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buruaem, Lucas Moreira; de Castro, Ítalo Braga; Hortellani, Marcos Antonio; Taniguchi, Satie; Fillmann, Gilberto; Sasaki, Silvio Tarou; Varella Petti, Mônica Angélica; Sarkis, Jorge Eduardo de Souza; Bícego, Márcia Caruso; Maranho, Luciane Alves; Davanso, Marcela Bergo; Nonato, Edmundo Ferraz; Cesar, Augusto; Costa-Lotufo, Leticia Veras; Abessa, Denis Moledo de Souza

    2013-09-01

    Santos-São Vicente Estuarine System is a highly populated coastal zone in Brazil and where it is located the major port of Latin America. Historically, port activities, industrial and domestic effluents discharges have constituted the main sources of contaminants to estuarine system. This study aimed to assess the recent status of sediment quality from 5 zones of Port of Santos by applying a lines-of-evidence approach through integrating results of: (1) acute toxicity of whole sediment and chronic toxicity of liquid phases; (2) grain size, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, linear alkylbenzenes and butyltins; (3) benthic community descriptors. Results revealed a gradient of increasing contamination for metals and organic compounds, alongside with their geochemical carriers. Sediment liquid phases were more toxic compared to whole sediment. Low number of species and individuals indicated the impoverishment of benthic community. The use of site-specific sediment quality guidelines was more appropriate to predict sediment toxicity. The integration of results through Sediment Quality Triad approach and principal component analysis allowed observing the effects of natural stressors and dredging on sediment quality and benthic distribution. Even with recent governmental efforts to control, pollution is still relevant in Port of Santos and a threat to local ecosystems.

  14. Dr vicente vérez bencomo, director, center for the study of synthetic antigens, university of havana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorry, Conner

    2008-10-01

    Dr Vicente Vérez Bencomo is a world-renowned scientist who led the team that discovered and developed the Cuban Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine using a synthetic antigen - the first of its kind in the world. Educated in Cuba, Russia, and France, Dr Vérez has received numerous awards for his groundbreaking work, including the World Intellectual Property Organization's Gold Medal (2005), and the Cuban National Chemistry Award (2006). The Cuban Hib vaccine is undergoing evaluation by the World Health Organization for vaccination packages for use in the developing world. Dr Vérez has published widely in international scientific journals of impact and is the Cuban representative to the International Carbohydrates Organization and Senior Member of the Cuban Academy of Sciences. He is currently Director of the Center for the Study of Synthetic Antigens, under the aegis of the University of Havana's Chemistry Department. He sat down with MEDICC Review to talk about the global burden of Haemophilus influenzae type b, what motivates him as a scientist, how synthetic antigens might be applied to other vaccines, and what he is currently working on.

  15. Hepatotoxicidad por antituberculosos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 2005-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigifredo Ospina4

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: determinar la incidencia de hepatotoxicidad por medicamentos antituberculosos, en pacientes tratados en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2005 y diciembre de 2007. MÉTODOS: estudio retrospectivo de toda la población con diagnóstico de tuberculosis en el período en mención. RESULTADOS: se incluyeron 224 historias y se encontró una incidencia de hepatotoxicidad de 21%, mayor que la reportada en la literatura. El principal factor de riesgo encontrado para el desarrollo de la hepatotoxicidad fue el VIH; en contraste con otros estudios, factores como edad, sexo y raza no fueron de riesgo para el desarrollo de la misma. Encontramos también que no hubo acuerdo en cuanto a la conducta para seguir una vez diagnosticada la hepatotoxicidad; solo en el 54% de los casos se suspendió el tratamiento y se hizo reintroducción escalonada. CONCLUSIÓN: el estudio evidencia la necesidad de programas de farmacovigilancia que busquen activamente esta complicación y desarrollen guías para unificar conceptos y protocolos de tratamiento.

  16. Informal group discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hans Nienstaedt; Dean W. Einspahr; J. Douglas Brodie

    1973-01-01

    Editor's note: The morning's presentations were discussed during the afternoon by three groups, each group discussing one of the morning's three topics. Summaries of the discussions, prepared by the discussion leaders, follow.

  17. Política e comércio: a atuação de Antônio Vicente da Fontoura ao longo da Revolução Farroupilha (1835 -1845 = Politics and commerce: the role of Antônio Vicente da Fontoura along the Farroupilha Revolution” (1835-1845

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos, Cristiano Soares

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho se propôs averiguar a atuação de Antonio Vicente da Fontoura, durante a Revolução Farroupilha (1835 – 1845, os postos assumidos por este comerciante ao longo do conflito, e seu retorno a politica local de Cachoeira após a Revolta. A pesquisa vem sendo desenvolvida com base em bibliografias envolvendo a temática, jornais de época e documentos (correspondências que nos ajudem a “rastrear” as ações do personagem. Veremos neste artigo como Vicente da Fontoura, comerciante da região de Cachoeira, inseriu-se à Revolução Farroupilha seja ela por sua posição econômico-social, pelo interesse dos Farroupilhas, ou por possuir interesses pessoais na participação do conflito. Atualmente como Mestrando do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (PPGH-UFSM, Bolsista FAPERGS/CAPES, continuo pesquisando Antonio Vicente da Fontoura juntamente com Domingos José de Almeida, averiguando a atuação comercial destes na Fronteira Platina entre 1830 a 1850. Meu orientador é o Professor Doutor José Iran Ribeiro

  18. Apendicectomías no enfermas en el Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso y Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga, Cuenca 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Montero Tapia, Edgar Paúl

    2016-01-01

    Objetivo General Determinar la prevalencia de Apendicectomías No Enfermas en pacientes mayores de 15 años en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso y Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga durante el 2014. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal, en 300 pacientes sometidos a apendicectomía de los HVCM y HJCA en la Ciudad de Cuenca; se recogieron datos demográficos, cuadro clínico, resultados de exámenes complementarios de sangre y resultados de la escala de Alvarado y RIP...

  19. El sindicalismo mexicano durante el gobierno de Vicente Fox (2000-2006): la democratización y sus efectos en el sistema corporativo

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, Roberto  Zepeda; Lara, Dainzú  López de

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo examina las transformaciones en la relación Estado-sindicatos durante la administración de Vicente Fox (2000-2006), el primer presidente de la era democrática en México. El análisis se hace desde una perspectiva dual, considerando la democratización y sus efectos en el corporativismo. Por una parte, se consideran los efectos de la democratización política en las relaciones entre el Estado y las organizaciones sindicales. Por otra parte, se escudriña la reformulación de la estruc...

  20. Vicente Seabra Telles e a criação da nomenclatura em português para a Química 'Nova' de Lavoisier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando J. Luna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1787, Lavoisier and coworkers published a 314-page book entitled Méthode de nomenclature chimique in which a novel system for the naming of compounds and elements was presented. The Brazilian chemist Vicente Coelho de Seabra Telles (1764-1804 was responsible for translating it into Portuguese. Telles proposed the adoption not only of the Latin etymology, but decided to use Latin suffixes as well, because of the similarity between Latin and the Portuguese language. In doing so, he made the names of the compounds in Portuguese bear a closer resemblance to the names in Latin than to those in French or Spanish.

  1. A estação arqueológica de Salamansa (ilha de São Vicente, República de Cabo Verde)

    OpenAIRE

    Cardoso, João Luís; Soares, A. M. Monge

    2010-01-01

    Apresentam‑se os principais resultados obtidos nas duas missões arqueológicas patrocinadas pelo Centro Português de Actividades Subaquáticas (CPAS) à ilha de São Vicente (República de Cabo Verde), em 1998 e em 2005. Em 1998, confirmou‑se o efectivo interesse arqueológico do sítio, localizado sobre o mar, em local abrigado da vasta baía de Salamansa, situada na parte setentrional da ilha, tendo‑se registado a respectiva extensão e estratigrafia e procedido à colheita de amostras para datação. ...

  2. Growth of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802 (Crustacea, Anomura, Diogenidae at São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Sampaio Sant’Anna

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzed the growth of males and females of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802, at São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil. Monthly collections were made from May/2001 through April/2003, at the Pescadores Beach in São Vicente. The 2,501 crabs caught were identified and sexed and the carapace shield length (CSL was measured. For the seasonal growth study, the population was divided into 5mm size classes (CSL and analyzed by the Bertalanffy method, with the aid of the program Fisat II. The mean sizes of the 703 males and 1,798 females were 8.94±1.80 and 6.61±1.13 mm, respectively. A seasonal growth pattern was observed, with males reaching an asymptotic size (14.92 mm larger than that of females (13.85 mm. Males began the growth process approximately five months before the females. This growth pattern probably helped to reduce intraspecific competition for the shells, because the males reached larger size and made the smaller shells available to the females.O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar o crescimento de machos e fêmeas do ermitão Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802, da região de São Vicente, São Paulo, Brasil. Foram realizadas coletas mensais de maio/2001 a abril/2003, na Praia dos Pescadores em São Vicente. Os 2.501 animais capturados foram identificados, determinados quanto ao sexo e mensurados quanto ao seu comprimento de escudo cefalotorácico (CEC. Para o estudo sazonal do crescimento, a população foi dividida em classes de tamanho de 5mm de (CEC, e analisada pelo método de Bertalanffy, com o auxílio do software Fisat II. Foram obtidos 703 indivíduos machos e 1.798 fêmeas, com média de tamanho de 8.94±1.80 e 6.61±1.13mm, respectivamente. Constatou-se um padrão de crescimento sazonal, com machos atingindo um tamanho assintótico (14.92mm superior ao das fêmeas (13.85mm, além de iniciarem o processo de crescimento aproximadamente cinco meses antes destas. Desta forma, é provável que

  3. Clergy and parishioners in the Basilica of St Vicente of Avila: liturgical, funereal and secular activities in the 16th & 17th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix A. Ferrer García

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the basilica of the Saint- Martyrs Vicente, Sabina and Cristeta of Avila. As a huge Romanesque religious building, it was erected in the 12th century following the rediscovery of various late medieval hagiographical traditions. Within a strong funerary and legendary tradition, it became the place where the clergy variously developed their activities, where parishioners would be buried in the hope of entering the next world, and where the local people attended religious and secular festivals, such as processions and dances, bull rituals, as well as a great variety of spectacles designed to highlight a mythicised image of the city and of the church itself.

  4. Evidence of contamination by oil and oil products in the Santos-São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Souza Azevedo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Different components of the mixed function oxidase (MFO system and the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile (FACs were measured in Cathorops spixii in order to assess the impact of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs. Fish were sampled in an estuary (Santos/São Vicente with a history of contamination by PAHs, mainly due to the presence of the industrial complex of Cubatão city and of another of low anthropogenic influence (Cananéia on the Brazilian coast. FACs were higher in fish from the polluted site, and the PAH 5 and 6-ring metabolites were the most frequent - with 14% and 15%, respectively. Levels of the different components of the MFO system showed the same variation profile as the FACs for both estuaries. Therefore, the values found for somatic indexes and biomarkers with data of bile PAH metabolites indicate the presence of organic contaminants, especially in the area subject to the influence of the industrial complex on the Santos/São Vicente estuary.Diferentes componentes do sistema oxidase de função mista (MFO e os níveis de compostos aromáticos fluorescentes em bile (FACS foram determinados em Cathorops spixii a fim de avaliar o impacto de hidrocarbonetos policíclicos aromáticos (PAHs. Os peixes foram coletados em um estuário com histórico de contaminação por PAHs (Santos/São Vicente, devido principalmente a presença do complexo industrial na cidade de Cubatão e em outro com baixa influência antropogênica (Cananéia na costa brasileira. FACs foram maiores nos peixes oriundos da área contaminada, sendo os metabolitos de HPAs com 5 e 6 anéis, os mais representativos com 14% e 15%, respectivamente. Os níveis dos diferentes componentes do sistema MFO mostraram o mesmo perfil de variação que os FACs em ambos os estuários. Portanto, os valores encontrados para os índices somáticos e os biomarcadores considerados, em associação com os dados de metabólitos biliares de PAHs, indicam a presença de

  5. Proyecto de instalaciones para un bloque de 23 viviendas y sótano aparcamiento de 3 plantas, situado en la C/ Hermanos González Selva esquina C/ Ramón Vicente Serrano (Elche)

    OpenAIRE

    QUINTANA DÍEZ, ANA ISABEL

    2015-01-01

    [ES] Proyecto de instalaciones para un bloque de 23 viviendas y sótano aparcamiento de 3 plantas, situado en la C/ Hermanos González Selva esquina C/ Ramón Vicente Serrano (Elche) Quintana Díez, AI. (2015). Proyecto de instalaciones para un bloque de 23 viviendas y sótano aparcamiento de 3 plantas, situado en la C/ Hermanos González Selva esquina C/ Ramón Vicente Serrano (Elche). http://hdl.handle.net/10251/49039. TFGM

  6. O desvelar da categoria transpessoal : uma visão para a Filosofia, a Psicologia e a Mitologia nas obras de Eudoro de Sousa, Vicente e Dora Ferreira da Silva

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, Giancarlo de

    2016-01-01

    A presente tese intitulada O Desvelar da Categoria Transpessoal; Uma Visão para a Filosofia, a Psicologia e a Mitologia nas Obras de Eudoro de Sousa, Vicente e Dora Ferreira da Silva no ramo de investigação da filosofia da cultura, procurou tratar destes três autores que marcaram um importante período histórico para o pensamento poético e filosófico em língua portuguesa. Articulamos o pensamento filosófico de Vicente Ferreira da Silva, com forte inclinação à transcendência, na ...

  7. Strategies for Stimulating Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    practices describe ways to facilitate communication during discussion. Use constructive questioning strategies . Facilitators serve to ensure the...lecture and group discussion teaching strategies in developing critical thinking skills. Communication Education, 45, 212-227. Gilmore, T. N., & Schall, E...U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Report 2008 Strategies for Stimulating Discussion

  8. La acusación como forma de Intimidación política en San Vicente (Antioquia-Colombia, 1930-1935

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Alberto Morales Agudelo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la acusación política en San Vicente, municipalidad del departamento de Antioquia en Colombia, durante el primer quinquenio de la década de 1930. El trabajo describe su dinámica con el apoyo de múltiples memoriales, que desde la localidad se dirigen a la gobernación. La presencia de un gamonalismo local que influyó en todos los ámbitos de la vida comunal en San Vicente, configura la importancia de estudiar el fenómeno. La síntesis de la historia política del país vista desde las municipalidades todavía está en construcción, y este trabajo aporta un caso en el que la acusación permanente y el poder del gamonalismo local fueron obstáculos para generar gobernabilidad en municipios pequeños e incomunicados.

  9. Environmental parameters and antimicrobial susceptibility of enterobacteriaceae isolated from estuarine waters of São Vicente, São Paulo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. G. G. S. Lourenço

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Diseases transmitted by water consists a serious public health problem and enterobacteria are the main group of microorganisms responsible for outbreaks in humans. Such pathogenic bacteria proliferate in water polluted by domestic and industrial sewage and reach the population through seawater contact. The aim of the present work was to study environmental parameters as well as to identify Enterobacteriaceae species and their antimicrobial susceptibility in water samples collected from the estuarine area of São Vicente city (São Paulo State, Brazil. Strains were identified by using traditional biochemical tests described in literature and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out using the disk diffusion method. Out of 26 samples, Escherichia coli was the most frequent species (40.1%, followed by Citrobacter, Enterobacter and Klebsiella. The most effective drugs against the tested microorganisms were gentamycin, netilmicin, ciprofloxacin and cefepime. Since these bacteria are commonly found in seashore contaminated by sewage effluents, it can be concluded that estuarine waters of São Vicente are polluted and potentially capable of causing diseases and spreading pathogenic bacteria to human communities.

  10. Antifascismo: un espacio de encuentro entre el exilio y la política nacional. El caso de Vicente Lombardo Toledano en México (1936-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acle-Kreysing, Andrea

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This article puts forward an original interpretation of antifascism, understood as a transatlantic political culture, focusing upon the case of the union leader Vicente Lombardo Toledano. Between the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War, antifascism in Mexico acquired several meanings, centred on the reinvention of the Mexican Revolution’s legacy, while benefiting from the collaboration between European antifascist exiles and local left-wing circles. Making use of novel sources, this article vindicates the key role that Mexico was then able to enjoy internationally due to its ideological commitments.Este artículo propone una lectura original del antifascismo, entendido como una cultura política trasatlántica, a partir del caso del líder sindicalista Vicente Lombardo Toledano. Se discute la evolución del significado del antifascismo en México, centrado en la recreación del legado de la Revolución Mexicana, en el período comprendido entre la Guerra Civil española y la Segunda Guerra Mundial, enfatizando la colaboración entre el exilio antifascista europeo y los círculos izquierdistas locales. A partir de varios documentos inéditos, se reivindica el protagonismo que México ejerció entonces en virtud de su compromiso ideológico.

  11. Flavor Profile of Clone CCN 51 Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L. Produced in Three Farms Municipality of San Vicente de Chucurí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas Fernando Quintana Fuentes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Colombia is one of the bigger producers of cocoa in America, the production is consumed in the totally in internal form. The department of Santander is me bigger producer of cocoa in Colombia and the municipality of San Vicente de Chucuri is considered the cocoa capital of the country. Actually theColombian federation of cocoa (Fedecacao together with the Unad have an agreement of cooperation for the strengthening of the evaluating capacity of the sensorial quality of the cocoa.In the process of evaluation of the sensorial quality of the cocoa liqueur (clone CNN 51 we established the needs in accordance to the current regulations for the implementation of a panel of trained judges, from the preselection, selection, specific training, training evaluation and the evaluation of the final samples ofthree representative farms in where is cultivated the clone CCN 51 in San Vicente del Chucuri.We conform a group of eleven trained judges and we obtained the sensorial profile of flavor for the samples for three representative farms of the municipality.

  12. Encouraging Classroom Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Joseph McKee

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Classroom discussion has the potential to enhance the learning environment and encourages students to become active participants in the educational process. Student participation in classroom discussion has been shown to significantly improve the student learning experience. Research suggests that classroom discussion is an effective method for encouraging student classroom participation and for motivating student learning beyond the classroom. Participation in classroom discussion encourages students to become active collaborators in the learning process, while at the same time providing instructors with a practical method of assessing student learning. Classroom discussion is an effective tool for developing higher-level cognitive skills like critical thinking. Despite the potential discussion holds for student learning, many in academia lament the lack of participation in the classroom. The lack of student participation in classroom discussion is not a recent problem; it is one that has frustrated instructors for decades. Instructors report that some of the more current methods for encouraging classroom discussion can be exasperating and at times non-productive. This two-year study of 510 college and university students provides insight into the reasons why some students do not participate in classroom discussion. This study, which also elicited input from sixteen college and university professors and two high school teachers, offers some suggestions for creating and encouraging an environment conducive to student participation in the classroom.

  13. Learning through Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Robert A.; Calvo, Rafael; Levy, David; Tan, Kelvin

    2004-01-01

    Students studying a third-year e-commerce subject experienced face-to-face and online discussions as an important part of their learning experience. The quality of the students' experiences of learning through those discussions is investigated in this study. This study uses qualitative approaches to investigate the variation in the students'…

  14. The Use of Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Edmund deS.; And Others

    Research on the use of discussion in adult education has been largely concerned with comparing it with the use of other instructional techniques and with measuring opinion change. Many studies, such as Kurt Lewin's study of food habits, have compared the effectiveness of group discussion as contrasted with lecture in changing opinions and…

  15. Impacto de la modelación física y de la operación eficiente de prototipos de sistemas estructurales en el aprendizaje de estudiantes de arquitectura de la Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte – 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Calero Amores, Marcial Sebastian

    2017-01-01

    Analiza el impacto de la modelación física y la operación eficiente de prototipos de sistemas estructurales estáticos en edificaciones, en el aprendizaje de los estudiantes de Arquitectura de la Universidad Laica Vicente Rocafuerte. Tesis

  16. Análisis del cambio de agenda en política exterior de México hacia Estados Unidos en materia comercial, durante la presidencia de Vicente Fox, periodo 2000-2006

    OpenAIRE

    Parra Murcia, Lina María

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo de la presente monografía sintetiza el cambio de agenda en política exterior de México hacia Estados Unidos desde la firma del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte, hasta la llegada a la presidencia del Partido Acción Nacional en el 2000 con Vicente Fox.

  17. Deliberative Discussion Focus Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwell, Erin; Anderson, Rebecca; Botkin, Jeffrey R

    2016-05-01

    This article discusses a new approach for the conduct of focus groups in health research. Identifying ways to educate and inform participants about the topic of interest prior to the focus group discussion can promote more quality data from informed opinions. Data on this deliberative discussion approach are provided from research within three federally funded studies. As healthcare continues to improve from scientific and technological advancements, educating the research participants prior to data collection about these complexities is essential to gather quality data. © The Author(s) 2015.

  18. La cetrería en los ejemplos, símiles y metáforas de san Vicente Ferrer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olmos de León, Ricardo M.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Vincent Ferrer used in his sermons many and varied resources to make your message intelligible to its many listeners. One such resource was hunting activities and especially the form of hunting with birds. On the one hand, this activity was provided appropriate elements to construct analogies that facilitate the understanding of the word of God. However, on the other hand, it seems that perhaps other reasons may explain this preference of the speaker, more related to their own experience and the reality of the society to which he was going. And, in addition to the textual sources, father Vincent often drew on his own experience and, indeed, to those aspects of the daily lives of his audience. From the references we find in the sermons of saint Vincent we can deduce that the preacher should know first hand the various aspects of falconry, so it should not be hard to use something familiar to construct analogies that enable their audience understand the complex theological concepts and achieve the transformation of their lives, according to the moral that the preacher sought to implement.Vicente Ferrer utilizó en sus sermones numerosos y variados recursos para poder hacer inteligible su mensaje a su nutrido auditorio. Uno de estos recursos fueron las actividades venatorias y, especialmente, la modalidad de caza con aves de presa. Por un lado, esta actividad le proporcionó elementos adecuados para construir las analogías que facilitarían la comprensión de la palabra de Dios. Sin embargo, por otro lado, parece que otras razones podrían explicar esta preferencia del predicador, más relacionadas con su propia experiencia y con la realidad de la sociedad a la que se dirigía. Y es que, además de las fuentes textuales, a menudo el padre Vicente recurrió a sus vivencias y, más aún, a aquellos aspectos de la vida cotidiana de su auditorio. A partir de las referencias que encontramos en los sermones de san Vicente podemos deducir que el

  19. Focus group discussions

    CERN Document Server

    Hennink, Monique M

    2014-01-01

    The Understanding Research series focuses on the process of writing up social research. The series is broken down into three categories: Understanding Statistics, Understanding Measurement, and Understanding Qualitative Research. The books provide researchers with guides to understanding, writing, and evaluating social research. Each volume demonstrates how research should be represented, including how to write up the methodology as well as the research findings. Each volume also reviews how to appropriately evaluate published research. Focus Group Discussions addresses the challenges associated with conducting and writing focus group research. It provides detailed guidance on the practical and theoretical considerations in conducting focus group discussions including: designing the discussion guide, recruiting participants, training a field team, moderating techniques and ethical considerations. Monique Hennink describes how a methodology section is read and evaluated by others, such as journal reviewers or ...

  20. INTERVIEW WITH VICENTE TALANQUER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucia Castiblanco Abril

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available OC: Dr. Talanquer, muchas gracias por acompañarnos y compartir con nuestros lectores algunos de sus conocimientos. Para empezar, nos gustaría saber de manera sintética su trayectoria. ¿Que está investigando en este momento en un tema tan complejo como lo es la formación de profesores de ciencias y la enseñanza de la química? VT: Gracias a ustedes. Yo me formé en la UNAM, en la Ciudad de México, como investigador en Química y en Fisicoquímica. No recibí formación formal en educación sino que me involucré en procesos de formación de profesores siendo investigador en ciencias, primero impartiendo cursos disciplinarios para maestros y poco a poco participando en actividades de formación que tenían algunos componentes pedagógicos. Mi interés en educación se incrementó notablemente cuando me invitaron a participar en la escritura de los libros de texto para la educación primaria de México. Esto fue entre 1995 y 1996. Yo hice parte del grupo de expertos disciplinarios a cargo de la escritura de los estos libros, pero desarrollamos el trabajo en colaboración con pedagogos y maestros de escuela básica. Como parte de esta labor, tuve la oportunidad de visitar escuelas y observar el trabajo en distintas aulas, lo que realmente me cautivó y me motivó a aprender más sobre educación de manera autodidacta. En el año 2000 me fui a los EE.UU. a trabajar en la Universidad de Arizona. Allí, mi trabajo inicial consistió en crear un nuevo programa de formación de profesores. En EE.UU. las universidades comúnmente se dividen en colegios: está el colegio de educación, el colegio de ciencias etc. Luego, cada colegio se divide en departamentos. El colegio de ciencias está dividido en el departamento de física, química, biología, etc. Cuando me contrataron en la Universidad de Arizona buscaban personas que pudieran trabajar en diversos departamentos dentro del colegio de ciencias y que estuvieran interesadas en crear un programa de formación docente dentro de este y no en el de educación. Así surgió el programa de formación en el que actualmente trabajo. Dentro de este programa doy cursos sobre planeación y evaluación en educación de las ciencias, pero también doy cursos de química en los niveles introductorios. Cuando fui contratado en la Universidad de Arizona tuve más tiempo para dedicarme a la investigación educativa en química y crear un grupo de investigación en esa área. También comencé a investigar sobre pensamiento docente con los colegas que creamos el programa de formación de profesores. Este programa se ofrece solo a nivel de pregrado, pues en mi universidad la formación de maestros a nivel posgrado ocurre en el colegio de educación. Los docentes que quieren hacer posgrado en el colegio de ciencias solo pueden completar maestrías y doctorados en cada disciplina científica, pero sin el componente de educativo.

  1. Vicente Fretes Cibils

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Inter-American Development Bank

    Division Chief, Fiscal and Municipal Management (ICF/FMM). Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ... Decentralization and development—The state of the debate in ―Glocalization‖ ... Uruguay. 1984. NA. Venezuela. 1989. 1989. First year of direct popular elections for municipal and regional/state/provincial leaders ...

  2. Discussion about magnesium phosphating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Pokorny

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes results from recently published research focused on production of non-conventional magnesium phosphate Mg3(PO42・4H2O – bobierrite, or MgHPO4・3H2O – newberyite coating for both magnesium alloys and/or mild steel. This new kind of coating is categorized in the context of current state of phosphating technology and its potential advantages and crystal structure is discussed. At the same time, the suitable comparison techniques for magnesium phosphate coating and conventional zinc phosphate coating are discussed.

  3. Social vulnerability as a contributing factor to disasters in Central America: A case study at San Vicente volcano, El Salvador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, L. J.; Henquinet, K. B.; Gierke, J. S.; Rose, W. I.

    2012-12-01

    El Salvador's geographic location on the Pacific Ring of Fire at the juncture of the Caribbean and Cocos plates exposes its population to various natural hazards, including volcanic eruptions (e.g., Santa Ana in 2005), earthquakes (e.g., January 13 and February 13, 2001), and landslides and flooding due to tropical rainfall events (e.g., Hurricane Mitch in 1998, Hurricane Stan in 2005). Such hazards can be devastating anywhere, but the condition of social vulnerability in which many Salvadorans currently live exacerbates the impacts of these hazards. Aspects contributing to most rural Salvadorans being marginalized include a colonial history marked by ethnic discrimination and laws prohibiting land ownership, lack of access to desirable land in an agrarian society, a poor education system, global economic policies that foster inequality, political marginalization, a bloody civil conflict, and rampant criminality and violence. In November 2009, an extreme rainfall event triggered landslides and lahars killing over 200 people at San Vicente volcano. This disaster brought to light weaknesses in disaster preparedness and response plans. Despite the existence of recent hazard maps and lahar inundation models (2001), and the occurrence of a similar, deadly event in 1934, the population appeared to be unaware of the risk, and lacked the organization and decision-making protocols to adequately deal with the emergency. Therefore, in the aftermath of the 2009 lahars, much of the focus on disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives has been aimed at the communities affected by this most recent event. Our study examines root causes of social vulnerability and assesses the apparent impacts of these interventions on the population, including individual's perceptions regarding these risk-reducing interventions. Two years after the event, though aid abounds, many people remain vulnerable to hazards in this area. Semi-structured interviews were completed with survivors of the 2009

  4. WORKSHOP: Discussion, debate, deliberation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeliazkova, Margarita I.

    2014-01-01

    Discussing, deliberating and debating are a core part of any democratic process. To organise these processes well, a great deal of knowledge and skill is required. It is not simple to find a good balance between a number of elements: appropriate language and terminology; paying attention to solid

  5. John Cage Discusses Fluxus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Ellsworth

    1992-01-01

    Presents an informal discussion with composer John Cage which includes his response to George Maciunas' work, his recollections of Marcel Duchamp, the complex relationship between inelegant material and revealing works of art, neo-Dada and neo-Fluxus, Wittgenstein and the artist's ultimate responsibility to initiate a change in the viewer or…

  6. [Discussion paper participation research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farin, Erik

    2012-12-01

    This contribution introduces the "Diskussionspapier Teilhabeforschung" (discussion paper participation research) of the German Association for Rehabilitation (DVfR) and German Society for Rehabilitation Science (DGRW). The aim of this paper is to more clearly define current scientific research activity on the subject of participation and the significance of interdisciplinary participation research. The authors emphasise the desirability of a stronger scientific basis for instruments designed to improve the participation of disabled individuals. The paper is meant to be understood as an initial basis for the discussion about participation research development, and the authors are open to suggestions and elaboration.Participation research is understood in this discussion paper as an interdisciplinary research field with 7 goals and characteristics: 1. focussing on participation and self-determination; 2. contextual approach (taking environmental and personal factors into consideration that affect participation); 3. the participation of disabled persons in participation research; 4. interdisciplinary cooperation; 5. involving organisations and institutions whose approaches to participation research overlap; 6. referring to social and healthcare policies; 7. national and international orientations.The authors discuss the rationale behind increasing the support for participation research and theoretical models thereof. Fundamental concepts with high relevance to participation research include the biopsychosocial model of the International Classification of Functionality, Disability and Health (ICF), the inclusion concept, empowerment concept, and capabilities concept. The authors conclude their paper with recommendations for strengthening the research funding for participation research, and specify concrete steps toward greater participation research. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Libertad sin libertades. El Concilio y la realidad social durante el episcopado de Vicente Enrique y Tarancón en Asturias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Fernández Jerez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article centers on the analysis of the implantation of the Second Vatican Council on Asturias. There are multiple reasons that justify it: on one hand, after finishing the Council, Vicente Enrique and Tarancon – who, with posteriority, would be a key figure in the democratic Transition – was named as archibishop. On the other hand, this region was one of the places where the social catholicism and the anticlericalism developed with more force in the first third of the XXth century. Already in the period of the Council, the concept of freedom born of the Dignitatis Humanae, together with the Gaudium et Spes, not only was interpreted in relation with other religious creeds, but also it included the fight for the rights and democratic freedoms.

  8. ¿Sueñan los escritores con obras electrónicas? La experiencia transmedial en Alba Cromm de Vicente Luis Mora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Ilasca

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2015v11n1p209 A pesar de ser un modo de expresión cada vez menos usado, el blog desempeñó un papel significativo en la primera década del siglo XXI no solo en el ámbito de los medios de comunicación, sino también en el de la literatura. Al explorar las posibilidades creativas de esta forma de escritura, la novela del escritor español Vicente Luis Mora, Alba Cromm, otorga a la bitácora un uso intertextual e internextual con el fin de someter al lectoespectador a una experiencia compleja de transmedialidad. La obra transmedia se presenta como posibilidad de renovación tanto de la concepción del texto, como de Internet en tanto que herramienta para la creación literaria.

  9. Discussion with CERN Directorate

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Please note that the Discussion with CERN Directorate will be transmitted also in the following rooms: Council Chamber - 503-1-001 IT Amphitheatre - 31-3-004 Prevessin 774-R-013 Simultaneous interpreting into French and English will be available in the Main Auditorium. Une interprétation simultanée en français et en anglais sera disponible dans l'amphithéâtre principal.

  10. Summaries of group discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, L. D.

    1972-01-01

    Group discussions following the presentations of reports on the remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay resources are presented. The parameters to be investigated by the remote sensors and the specifications of the sensors are described. Specific sensors for obtaining data on various aspects of the ecology are identified. Recommendations for establishing a data bank and additional efforts to obtain increased understanding of the ecology are submitted.

  11. Discussion about magnesium phosphating

    OpenAIRE

    Pokorny, P.; Tej, P.; Szelag, P.

    2016-01-01

    The paper describes results from recently published research focused on production of non-conventional magnesium phosphate Mg3(PO4)2・4H2O – bobierrite, or MgHPO4・3H2O – newberyite) coating for both magnesium alloys and/or mild steel. This new kind of coating is categorized in the context of current state of phosphating technology and its potential advantages and crystal structure is discussed. At the same time, the suitable comparison techniques for magnesium phosphate coating and convention...

  12. Metal and trace element sediment assessment from two estuarine systems: Santos/Sao Vicente and Cananeia, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil; Avaliacao da concentracao de metais e outros elementos de interesse em amostras de sedimentos dos estuarios de Santos/Sao Vicente e Cananeia, estado de Sao Paulo, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amorim, Eduardo Paulo de

    2012-07-01

    This study evaluated some toxic metals such as Cd, Hg and Pb and some other major and trace elements in surface sediment samples, from two different systems under different degrees of anthropogenic actions: the estuarine system of Santos/Sao Vicente and the southern part of the Cananeia estuary, both on the Sao Paulo state coast. Sediment samples were collected in 16 stations in the Santos/Sao Vicente estuary and 13 stations in the Cananeia estuary, during summer and winter of 2005 and 2006, in both estuaries. Three analytical techniques were used: NAA, AAS and ICP OES. NAA was used for the quantification of major element concentration levels (Ca, Fe and Na), trace elements (As, Ba, Br, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Cs, Hf, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U, and Zn and rare earths elements La, Ce, Eu, Nd, Sm, Lu, Tb, Yb). ICP OES was used for determination of the concentration levels of Al, Ba, Be, Bi, B, Cd, Co, Pb, Cu, Cr, Sn, Sr, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Tl, Ti, V and Zn. AAS for Cd and Pb quantification through graphite furnace (GF AAS) and Hg through cold vapor generation (CV AAS). Methodology validation according to precision and accuracy was performed by reference material analyses for the three analytical techniques used. Detection and quantification limits were calculated for each element evaluated. Seasonal variations (summer and winter), spatial and temporal (2005 e 2006) variations of metals and trace elements were also evaluated. In the Santos estuary, in general, metal and trace element concentrations , organic matter content and % of pelitic fraction found in the Santos channel (area 1) were higher than those of the Santos Bay (area 2) and Sao Vicente channel (area 3). Area 1 suffers high impact from industrial activities from the Cubatao region and Santos port. The sediments from station 14 (area 3, Sao Vicente channel), showed the same behavior of those from area 1, suffering influence from the industrial pole and located in a mangrove area. In comparison with TEL and PEL

  13. Panel Discussion Vi: Cosmology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, E.; Dolgov, A.; Crothers, S.; Mitra, A.; Rubakov, V.; Zakharov, A.

    2014-03-01

    Questions to discuss: * To what extent are Dark Matter and Dark Energy necessary to explain the observed properties of the Universe? * Why are the Dark matter profiles so universal at the galactic scales? * Are there viable candidates of modified gravitational dynamics to exclude the dark components of Universe? * Do we have any perspectives to distinguish the Dark Energy from the cosmological constant? * Are there any certain indications for sterile neutrinos in the cosmos? * How does the Planck data change the view of inflation in the early Universe? What could be the origin of the inflaton plateau? So far, what else is interesting about the Planck data? * What are the nearest crucial points in cosmological observations? * Can we be more decisive discriminating between the anthropic principle, the superstringy landscape, fine tuning or dynamics as reasons for the cosmological coincidences?

  14. O cidadão e a Poronga: a peleja de Vicente Salles contra a exclusão do negro da história do Pará

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Roseane Silveira de

    2014-01-01

    Esta tese fundamenta-se na trajetória de vida do antropólogo, historiador e folclorista paraense Vicente Juarimbu Salles (1931 2013) em seus estudos pioneiros sobre a presença do negro na história do Pará. Trata-se de uma pesquisa circunscrita ao domínio da História Cultural, na linha Cultura e Representação, e busca identificar como aquele tema se entrelaça à história de vida de Vicente Salles, tendo como objeto a sua historiografia em torno dos sujeitos excluídos da história. Para isso, for...

  15. Accumulation and distribution of metals in the tissues of two catfish species from Cananéia and Santos-São Vicente estuaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana de Souza Azevedo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu concentrations and their distribution in liver, gill, and muscle tissues of the catfish Cathorops spixii and Genidens genidens were investigated in order to provide information concerning the bioaccumulation processes in these species. Fish were collected in one estuary subject to slight human influence (Cananéia and in two regions within the Santos-São Vicente estuary, São Paulo, Brazil, subject to distinct anthropogenic influences: 1 industrial and 2 domestic. In general, the highest concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb were found in the liver tissue. Muscle showed the lowest values of metal accumulation for all the elements investigated. Regarding the distribution and the metal pollution index (MPI, the levels of the metals analyzed decreased in the following order: liver>gill>muscle. MPI results suggest that gill and liver are important organs to exemplify the bioaccumulation process and are also better able to reflect both recent and chronic exposure to metals.Concentrações de Pb, Cd, Zn e Cu e sua distribuição no fígado, brânquias e músculo dos bagres Cathorops spixii e Genidens genidens foram determinadas visando fornecer informações sobre os processos de bioacumulação desses metais nas espécies. Os peixes foram coletados no estuário de Cananéia e em duas regiões do estuário de Santos-São Vicente, ambos em São Paulo, Brasil. Esses estuários apresentam distintas influências antropogênicas, sendo o primeiro deles submetido a impacto industrial e o segundo a impacto doméstico. Em geral, as maiores concentrações de Cu, Zn, Cd e Pb foram obtidas no tecido hepático. No músculo foram encontrados os menores valores de acumulação para todos os elementos investigados. Quanto à distribuição dos metais e ao seu índice de poluição (Índice de Poluição por Metais-IPM, os níveis diminuíram na seguinte ordem: fígado>brânquias>músculo. Resultados do IPM sugerem que as brânquias e o fígado s

  16. La inclusión educativa, social y laboral de los jóvenes con discapacidad en la Universidad Laica VICENTE ROCAFUERTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Bert

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Se  revela el carácter complejo y multifactorial de la política inclusiva, la igualdad y justicia social, y el reto que asume la Universidad Laica VICENTE ROCAFUERTE de Guayaquil (ULVR. El análisis parte del estudio de fuentes bibliográficas reconocidas en el tema y el empleo de métodos teóricos, dirigidos a orientar las prácticas educativas inclusivas de las personas con discapacidad y su impacto en la educación superior. Con la intención de enriquecer estos resultados, se realizaron indagaciones empíricas para la exploración a un grupo de estudio seleccionado de forma intencional. En tal sentido, el sistema instrumental diseñado permitió aplicar entrevistas a docentes y encuestas a estudiantes con discapacidad que laboran en diversas empresas. Como resultado del diagnóstico inicial se integró un sistema de acciones en el proceso formativo de la ULVR que concretan el enfoque inclusivo asumido, contribuyendo a caracterizar la situación actual de la inclusión educativa de estos jóvenes en la Universidad.

  17. Prevalencia de anticuerpos antimaláricos en donantes del banco de sangre del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhon M. Ortíz

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la prevalencia de anticuerpos antimaláricos, tipo IgG, mediante la técnica de inmunofluorescencia indirecta (IFI, en 392 sueros de donantes voluntarios de sangre del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, recolectados durante los meses de septiembre y octubre del año 1995 y mantenidos en congelación a -70 ""C durante 36 meses. La prevalencia de seropositividad fue de 1,8% (7 donantes, de los cuales, tres tenían el antecedente de haber vivido en zona endémica para malaria; de éstos, dos habían sufrido malaria, por lo menos, una vez en la vida; los cuatro donantes restantes no habían vivido en zona endémica para malaria ni tenían antecedentes de haberla padecido. Todos los donantes tuvieron gotas gruesas negativas para Plasmodium. Para tratar de reducir el riesgo de malaria transfusional, se recomienda informar en forma clara a los donantes sobre lasáreas endémicas para malaria en el departamento, complementar la encuesta que realizan los bancos de sangre con gota gruesa en todas las unidades de sangre que se vayan a transfundir y determinar anticuerpos antimaláricos en todos los donantes de riesgo con encuestas sospechosas y que puedan ser transmisores potenciales de Plasmodium.

  18. Human Cloning: Let's Discuss It.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taras, Loretta; Stavroulakis, Anthea M.; Ortiz, Mary T.

    1999-01-01

    Describes experiences with holding discussions on cloning at a variety of levels in undergraduate biology courses. Discusses teaching methods used and student reactions to the discussions. Contains 12 references. (WRM)

  19. Cartografía y cartografía simbólica Las "Theses de Mathematicas, de Cosmographia e Hidrographia" de Vicente De Memije

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo J. Morales Martinez

    Full Text Available Resumen Frente a la ruta que desde el siglo XVI enlazaba la Península Ibérica con las islas Filipinas, Vicente de Memije propuso en la Tesis presentada en Manila en 1761, una nueva ruta directa que bordeaba el Cabo de Hornos. Su texto se dedica al rey Carlos III a quien anima a continuar la tarea de evangelización de Asia de sus antecesores, partiendo para ello del archipiélago filipino, que ya desde el siglo XVI había servido de plataforma a las órdenes religiosas para llevar a cabo la conquista espiritual de las tierras asiáticas. También trata de demostrar la necesidad de establecer una cartografía hispánica basada en la medición de los grados de longitud hacia poniente, rechazando las medidas que distintos cosmógrafos habían otorgado a los dominios españoles y al Pacífico. La Tesis presenta como aparato gráfico dos estampas de gran valor científico y artístico. Para confeccionar la primera, firmada por Nicolás de la Cruz Bagay, acudió a diversas fuentes gráficas francesas, inglesas y holandesas, siendo limitadas las informaciones obtenidas en obras españolas. La segunda estampa aparece firmada por Laureano de Atlas y constituye una de las mejores creaciones de la cartografía simbólica.

  20. La campaña presidencial de Vicente Fox y el modelo propagandista de comunicación política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana BORJAS BENAVENTE

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available : Con base en las características atribuidas por Dominique Wolton a la comunicación política, es posible situar el surgimiento pleno de esta última en México durante el proceso electoral de 1988, cuando los discursos de la opinión pública a través de los sondeos comenzaron a introducirse en el espacio público. A partir de entonces, al producirse el intercambio de mensajes entre los actores con legitimidad, empezó a configurarse un modelo de comunicación política, cuyos rasgos esenciales surgieron o se reafirmaron durante la campaña para las elecciones presidenciales de julio de 2000 y que, en tanto coinciden con la tipología establecida por Gilles Achache, corresponden al modelo propagandista. Dar cuenta de la campaña electoral de Vicente Fox, candidato del Partido Acción Nacional a la Presidencia de la República mexicana en el año 2000, establecer las diferencias que representó respecto a las campañas de otros candidatos, así como en relación al comportamiento tradicionalmente observado por los distintos actores políticos en épocas electorales anteriores, a efecto de demostrar que al introducir y privilegiar el uso de la mercadotecnia política en el espacio público, la campaña foxista constituyó un factor determinante en la configuración del modelo propagandista de comunicación política que actualmente existe en México, constituye el propósito de este trabajo.

  1. Índice de fraturas faciais no Hospital São Vicente de Paulo em Passo Fundo RS: estudo retrospectivo de dez anos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Sbruzzi Godoi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available É incontestável a importância de um serviço de cirurgia e traumatologia bucomaxilofacial nos hospitais de referência, uma vez que as fraturas faciais são problemas de saúde pública, pois suas sequelas podem resultar em sérias inabilidades morfofuncionais. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo, analisar os prontuários de pacientes atendidos, nos últimos dez anos, na emergência do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, na cidade de Passo Fundo-RS e, consequentemente, chegar ao índice de fraturas faciais. Foram analisados 1.765 prontuários no Centro de Arquivos do hospital. Após análise, os prontuários foram divididos em gênero (homens e mulheres, faixa etária, causa da fratura e localização na face. Os prontuários utilizados foram de pacientes que sofreram acidentes automobilísticos, de moto, agressão física, acidentes de trabalho, acidentes domésticos, atropelamento, ferimentos por arma de fogo, acidente em esportes, quedas e também daqueles que sofreram alguma fratura facial patológica ou tinham algum tipo de deformidade de crescimento, os quais foram encaminhados ao hospital. Houve uma predominância de fraturas faciais no gênero masculino e, a faixa etária mais acometida, tanto em homens, quanto em mulheres, foi de 21 à 30 anos. A etiologia mais frequente dos traumatismos bucomaxilofaciais, registrados nos prontuários por gênero, nas mulheres foram os acidentes automobilísticos, enquanto nos homens foi a agressão física, acometendo mais em ambos os gêneros a mandíbula.

  2. Assessment of imposex and butyltin concentrations in Gemophos viverratus (Kiener, 1834), from São Vicente, Republic of Cabo Verde (Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes-Dos-Santos, R M A; Galante-Oliveira, S; Lopes, E; Almeida, C; Barroso, C

    2014-09-01

    This work constitutes the first assessment of tributyltin (TBT) pollution levels in the Republic of Cabo Verde (Africa) and proposes the marine gastropod Gemophos viverratus (Kiener, 1834) as a new bioindicator of TBT pollution in the Macaronesia and west coast of Africa. Specimens were collected between August and October 2012 along a gradient of naval traffic in São Vicente Island. The results clearly indicate an increase of imposex levels (percentage of females affected with imposex, 0-100 %; vas deferens sequence index, 0-4.1; relative penis length index, 0-54.6 %) and female TBT contamination (from 5 to 37 ngSn g(-1) dry weight (dw)) from outside to inside the harbour of Porto Grande Bay and identify this area as the focus of TBT pollution in the island. The butyltin degradation index for G. viverratus tissues ranged between 1.3 and 2.2, which being above 1 suggests that a considerable part of TBT inputs to the bay may not be very recent. Sterile females were found inside the harbour with an incidence up to 21.4 %. Considering the existence of a planktonic veliger stage in the life cycle of G. viverratus, it is expected that recruitment of newborn individuals can be supplied from unaffected breeding females inside and outside the Porto Grande Bay, resulting in a reduced impact of TBT pollution on population abundance. G. viverratus is very promising to be used as a simple, inexpensive and efficient novel tool for TBT pollution biomonitoring in the Macaronesia and west coast of Africa, a region for which there is an astonishing lack of information concerning levels and ecological impacts of TBT pollution.

  3. La Sibylle au miroir des Anciens comme reflet de l’image de la Modernité dans l’Auto de la Sibila Casandra de Gil Vicente (début XVIe s.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvezio Canonica

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La communication se propose d’explorer le traitement de la figure de la Sibylle dans une représentation religieuse de Gil Vicente, un dramaturge portugais bilingue du début du XVIe siècle, composée en espagnol : l’Auto de la Sibila Cassandra, une œuvre dont les personnages (Sibylles et prophètes sont des bergers. Il s’agit du réemploi d’un modèle antique (celui de la Sibylle de Cumes, en particulier et de la récupération d’une thématique païenne dans une perspective chrétienne, en accord avec la représentation navideña. La Sibylle Cassandre, étant convaincue, d’après une prophétie, d’être celle qui a été choisie pour être la mère du Christ, refuse toute proposition de mariage, notamment celle de Salomon. Par ce personnage, Gil Vicente établit un lien avec le Cantique des cantiques et montre a contrario une attitude critique envers l’Église de son temps.Esta contribución se propone explorar el tratamiento de la figura de la sibila en una representación dramática de Gil Vicente, que posee un carácter religioso y didáctico: el Auto de la Sibila Casandra, una obra cuyos personajes (las sibilas y lo profetas son representados como pastores y que fue compuesta en español por este dramaturgo portugués bilingüe de principios del s. XVI. Se trata de la recuperación de un modelo de la antigüedad, el de la sibila de Cumas, así como de una temática pagana en una perspectiva cristiana, de acuerdo con la representación navideña. La sibila Casandra, al estar convencida, de acuerdo con una profecía, de haber sido elegida para ser la madre de Cristo, rechaza todas las propuestas de matrimonio, en particular la de Salomón. Por medio de este último personaje, Gil Vicente consigue establecer un enlace con el Cantar de los cantares, lo cual le permite mostrar a contrario una actitud crítica hacia la Iglesia de su tiempo.

  4. Incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en niños hospitalizados por quemaduras en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín, 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    José William Cornejo Ochoa; Juan José Vanegas Ruiz; Sandra Milena Brand; Carolina Giraldo Alzate

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCCIÓN: las quemaduras en niños se han identificado como causa principal de trauma y su asociación con insuficiencia renal aguda es una de las complicaciones más temidas debido a su alta tasa de mortalidad. OBJETIVO: establecer la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda y describir algunos de los factores asociados en niños quemados menores de 18 años atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio de cohorte prospectivo y descriptiv...

  5. Validez de la guía de Tokio para colecistitis aguda litiásica en el departamento de emergencia de cirugía del Hospital Vicente Corral Moscoso de Cuenca 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrera Ordóñez, Catherine Mercedes

    2016-01-01

    OBJETIVO: el objetivo general fue determinar la validez de la guía de Tokio 2013 para el diagnóstico de Colecistitis Aguda Litiásica en el departamento de Emergencia de Cirugía del Hospital “Vicente Corral Moscoso” de la ciudad de Cuenca 2014. MÈTODOS: se realizó un estudio de validación de una prueba diagnòstica llevado a cabo entre enero a diciembre de 2014 se recolectaron los datos de 171 pacientes con las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, residencia, registro de cada uno de los par...

  6. Premedicación con midazolam vía oral en pacientes pediátricos, Hospitales Vicente Corral Moscoso, José Carrasco Arteaga Cuenca 1996 -1997

    OpenAIRE

    Carrera Reyes, Rosa Eulalia; Peña C, Jorge

    1998-01-01

    Objetivos: Disminuir la ansiedad y el estrés que presentan los niños que van a ser sometidos a intervenciones quirúrgicas, antes de ingresar a la sala de operaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 128 niños de ambos sexos, ASA I-II entre 1 y 12 años, sometidos a cirugía en los hospitales José Carrasco de IESS y Vicente Corral del MSP, de la ciudad de Cuenca, desde noviembre de 1996 hasta noviembre de 1997. Se formaron dos grupos aleatorizados: a] grupo CON MIDAZOLAM [Mz], 64 niños a los...

  7. A Discussion with Jacques Derrida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrida, Jacques

    1990-01-01

    Presents an edited transcript of a discussion held in April 1989 between Jacques Derrida and a group of students and professors concerning Derrida's "Afterword: Toward an Ethic of Discussion." Discusses Derrida's views on "deconstruction" as a term and a movement, the idea of arguments and persuasion, and specific power…

  8. Online Discussion and Learning Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    William T. Alpert; Oskar R. Harmon; Joseph Histen

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe how we used online discussion forums to complement lecture presentations. We collected data on student usage and surveyed student opinion in several online/blended sections. Our hypothesis is that increased student participation in online discussion forums will increase learner engagement and learning outcomes. Using panel data we estimate a fixed effects model and find active participation in the discussion board has a positive effect on exam score at a statisticall...

  9. La supuesta basílica de San Vicente en Córdoba: de mito histórico a obstinación historiográfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arce-Sainz, Fernando

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Underneath the Great-Mosque of Cordoba, there are some archaeological remains which have been the origin of several historiographical debates. The core of these debates was the idea that there were previous Christian buildings in the site later demolished to make room for the Umayyad mosque. However, the documented church of Saint Vincent, for the astonishment of many, did not appear in the excavations made in the 1930s. Much later, set aside the myth, but never truly forgotten, the idea that there might have been a full episcopal complex suceeded the other. Recent historigraphical developments are building new interpretations upon an archaeological evidence, that drove archaeologists, in the past, to deny definitively the presence of these ecclesiastical premises. This article argues what others have already stated: that according to the present archaeological knowledge, no evidence shows that there were previous Christian buildings under the Umayyad mosque. In terms of our conclusions, the article is not original. The main aim of this contribution is to offer a new and neccesary contextualizacion of textual and archaeological interpretations of emphirical data.Bajo el suelo de la mezquita aljama de Córdoba hay restos materiales en torno a los cuales se han desarrollado discursos históricos cuyo punto de partida es admitir que, en ese solar, se levantaron con anterioridad establecimientos religiosos cristianos que fueron demolidos para dejar espacio al oratorio musulmán impulsado por los omeyas. Primero fue la legendaria y literaria iglesia de San Vicente, que ante el asombro de muchos no se materializó tras las excavaciones de los años 30. Décadas después, arrinconado el mito pero nunca olvidado, el paisaje urbano previo a la mezquita se ha convertido en un complejo episcopal. Modelos historiográficos en boga están permitiendo nuevas interpretaciones de unos materiales arqueológicos que, en su momento, llevaron a los excavadores a

  10. Small group discussion: Students perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annamalai, Nachal; Manivel, Rajajeyakumar; Palanisamy, Rajendran

    2015-08-01

    Various alternative methods are being used in many medical colleges to reinforce didactic lectures in physiology. Small group teaching can take on a variety of different tasks such as problem-solving, role play, discussions, brainstorming, and debate. Research has demonstrated that group discussion promotes greater synthesis and retention of materials. The aims of this study were to adopt a problem-solving approach by relating basic sciences with the clinical scenario through self-learning. To develop soft skills, to understand principles of group dynamics, and adopt a new teaching learning methodology. Experimental study design was conducted in Phase I 1(st) year medical students of 2014-2015 batch (n = 120). On the day of the session, the students were grouped into small groups (15 each). The session started with the facilitator starting off the discussion. Feedback forms from five students in each group was taken (n = 40). A five point Likert scale was used ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Our results show that 70% of the students opined that small group discussion were interactive, friendly, innovative, built interaction between teacher and student. Small group discussion increased their thought process and helped them in better communication. The small group discussion was interactive, friendly, and bridged the gap between the teacher and student. The student's communication skills are also improved. In conclusion, small group discussion is more effective than the traditional teaching methods.

  11. Socrates, discussion and moral education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rembert, Ron B.

    1995-01-01

    For Socrates, as he appears in Plato's dialogues, the process of discussion is essential for preparing human beings to lead a moral life. Only through discussion, Socrates maintains, can we be led to an understanding of such concepts as wisdom, courage and justice. The author of this article believes that the Socratic notion of the moral value of discussion is still valid. In support of this view, he examines two recent works: Dialogues on Moral Education by John Wilson and Barbara Cowell, and Moral Education, Secular and Religious by John L. Elias. Finally, the author suggests how the Socratic concept of dialogue might be used in moral education today.

  12. Review of F. SAN VICENTE et al. (eds., “Perfiles para la historia y crítica de la gramática del español en Italia: siglos XIX y XX. Confluencia y cruces de tradiciones gramaticográficas”, Bolonia, Bononia University Press, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Peñín Fernández

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Félix SAN VICENTE et al. (eds., “Perfiles para la historia y crítica de la gramática del español en Italia: siglos XIX y XX. Confluencia y cruces de tradiciones gramaticográficas”, Bolonia, Bononia University Press, 2014 [Book Review

  13. Animating Geometry Discussions with Flexigons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClintock, Ruth

    1994-01-01

    Presents activities with 10- and 4-straw flexigons, an object created by stringing together lengths of plastic drinking straws with nylon fishing line. Discusses several geometric theorems that can be demonstrated with flexigons. (MKR)

  14. Group discussion improves lie detection

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nadav Klein; Nicholas Epley

    2015-01-01

    ... identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions...

  15. Small group discussion: Students perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Annamalai, Nachal; Manivel, Rajajeyakumar; Palanisamy, Rajendran

    2015-01-01

    Context: Various alternative methods are being used in many medical colleges to reinforce didactic lectures in physiology. Small group teaching can take on a variety of different tasks such as problem-solving, role play, discussions, brainstorming, and debate. Research has demonstrated that group discussion promotes greater synthesis and retention of materials. Aims: The aims of this study were to adopt a problem-solving approach by relating basic sciences with the clinical scenario through s...

  16. LGBT Roundtable Discussion: Meet-up and Mentoring Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    The LGBT+ Physicists group welcomes those who identify as gender sexual minorities, as LGBTQQIAAP+, or as allies to participate in a round-table discussion on mentoring physicists. The session will provide an opportunity to learn and discuss successful mentoring strategies at different career stages for physicists in all environments, including academia, industry, etc. Attendees are encouraged to attend a social event to follow the panel to continue to network. Allies are especially welcome at this event to learn how to support and mentor LGBT+ physicists.

  17. A new species of Tarracoblaniulus Mauriès & Vicente, 1977: description, postembryonic development, life cycle, and spatial distribution (Diplopoda, Julida, Blaniulidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez, H.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Tarracoblaniulus phantasmanus n. sp. is described from Tarragona province, Spain and compared with the only known other species known in the genus, T. lagari Mauriès & Vicente, 1977, from which it differs mainly in having only 5, instead of 15 or more, straight spines on the posterior gonopod. The female vulva (unknown in T. lagari is very different from all known blaniulid vulvae. Based on a large number of specimens, the postembryonic development (euanamorphosis from stadium II onward is described. This is highly variable, with three to six apodous body rings in stadium IV, which is the most variable number so far recorded in Blaniulidae. Accordingly, specimens beyond stadium VIII could not be assigned to a specific stadium. At least some males are morphologically distinguishable in stadium IV, morphologically mature males appear in stadium VIII, possibly already in stadium VII. The life cycle of the new species is tentatively suggested to involve at least three years. The monthly mean density of the total population was 28.82 ind/m2 across the whole soil profile. Statistically significant differences in density values between months and Spearman’s rank correlation analyses between the monthly mean values of density and temperature show that T. phantasmanus presents a maximum density in the coldest months and a minimum one in the summer. Significant differences between monthly mean densities of different soil levels and the Usher index values show that during the spring and summer T. phantasmanus is concentrated in the mineral horizon A. In autumn, during winter and up to early spring, the population shows a clear tendency to move up towards horizon H and horizon L/F. Concerning horizontal distribution, Morisita index monthly values for each of the horizons indicate that the species is distributed in patches.Se describe Tarracoblaniulus phantasmanus n. sp., especie encontrada en la provincia de Tarragona (España, y se compara con la única

  18. Small group discussion: Students perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annamalai, Nachal; Manivel, Rajajeyakumar; Palanisamy, Rajendran

    2015-01-01

    Context: Various alternative methods are being used in many medical colleges to reinforce didactic lectures in physiology. Small group teaching can take on a variety of different tasks such as problem-solving, role play, discussions, brainstorming, and debate. Research has demonstrated that group discussion promotes greater synthesis and retention of materials. Aims: The aims of this study were to adopt a problem-solving approach by relating basic sciences with the clinical scenario through self-learning. To develop soft skills, to understand principles of group dynamics, and adopt a new teaching learning methodology. Subjects and Methods: Experimental study design was conducted in Phase I 1st year medical students of 2014–2015 batch (n = 120). On the day of the session, the students were grouped into small groups (15 each). The session started with the facilitator starting off the discussion. Feedback forms from five students in each group was taken (n = 40). A five point Likert scale was used ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Results: Our results show that 70% of the students opined that small group discussion were interactive, friendly, innovative, built interaction between teacher and student. Small group discussion increased their thought process and helped them in better communication. Conclusions: The small group discussion was interactive, friendly, and bridged the gap between the teacher and student. The student's communication skills are also improved. In conclusion, small group discussion is more effective than the traditional teaching methods. PMID:26380202

  19. Central nervous system tuberculosis in children: review of 35 cases at the Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl in Medellín, Colombia.1997-2004. Meningoencefalitis tuberculosa en niños: Revisión de 35 casos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl en Medellín, Colombia. 1997-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Cornejo Ochoa

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetive. To document the clinical and diagnostic features and to explore factors associated with central nervous system tuberculosis at the “Hospital San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP” in Medellín-Colombia. Patients and methods. Review of the patient’s records to obtain information on demographic data, medical history, clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment and complications of 35 children with central nervous system tuberculosis admitted to the hospital between July 1997 and July 2004. Results. Of the 35 patients, 20 were males and 15 females. Mean age was 3.7 years. Thirty (85.7% patients were in stage III of the disease and 5 (14.3% in stage II. A symptomatic respiratory close contact was documented in 19 cases (54.3%. Malnutrition was present in 18 patients (51.4%. Fever was present in 88.6%, vomiting in 62.9%, consciousness alteration in 80%, and seizures in 51.4%. Mean duration of symptoms was 10 days. Physical examination revealed meningeal signs in 77%, movement disorders in 31.4%, stupor or coma in 82.9%, hemiparesis in 60% and fundoscopic abnormalities in 31.4%. Objetivo: documentar los rasgos clínicos y diagnósticos y explorar los factores asociados con la muerte de niños con meningoencefalitis tuberculosa (MT en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia. Método: revisión de las historias clínicas para obtener los datos demográficos, clínicos, de laboratorio, de tratamiento y de las complicaciones de 35 niños con tuberculosis del sistema nervioso central, entre julio de 1997 y julio de 2004. Resultados: veinte de los 35 pacientes eran niños y 15 niñas. La edad promedio era 3.7 años; 30 (85.7% estaban en el estadio III de la enfermedad y 5 (14.3%, en el estadio II. Se documentó un contacto sintomático respiratorio en 19 casos (54.3%. Diez y ocho pacientes (51.4% estaban desnutridos. Hubo fiebre en 88.6%, vómito en 62.9%, alteración de la conciencia en 80% y convulsiones en 51

  20. The anticoagulation clinic of the hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl: demography, effectiveness and complications La clínica de anticoagulación del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl: demografía, efectividad y complicaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Ignacio Tobón Acosta

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of oral anticoagulation therapy is more common every day. There is increasing evidence of better outcome in patients when anticoagulation is handled by anticoagulation clinics or services. This systemic managing has proved in that therapeutical range results in clinical improvement and decrease of hemorrhage, thrombosis and the use of medical resources. Even more, there are less hospitalizations and visits to the Emergency Department. The San Vicente of Paúl Hospital (HUSVP for it’s initials in Spanish has an anticoagulation clinic functioning for over twenty years, but until now, there has been no work concerning it’s results and benefits. Our task is to describe the demographic characteristics, indications and behavior of the antithrombotic therapy of those patients adscript and active in the clinic of the mentioned Hospital until December 2002. 139 patients were found, 57.6% were women and 42.2% men; the average age was 64 years; and the health system coverage was entail in 55.4% of the patients, subsided in 26.6% and contributive 18%. The most common anticoagulation indications were atrial fibrillation (40%, stroke (26% y hypercoagulability states (20%. The registered patients had a therapeutical range time of 41% with an annual control average of 4.5 times. Complications were present in 16% of the patients. This study was able to characterize the HUSVP anticoagulation clinic in its demographic variables, relevancy indications and co-morbid associated diseases. As well, some standardized parameters were evaluated in order to be compared with other clinics in the world. El uso de la terapia con anticoagulantes orales es cada vez más frecuente. Hay evidencia creciente de la mejoría de resultados cuando la aNticoagulación es manejada por servicios o clínicas de anticoagulación. Este manejo sistemático se traduce en optimización del rango terapéutico y disminución de hemorragias, de trombosis y del uso de recursos m

  1. Valoration of burned body surface; area in patients of San Vicente de Paúl University Hospital, Medellín, 2004 Evaluación de la superficie corporal quemada en pacientes del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Hoyos Franco

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The estimation of the burned surface area has a huge importance for the acute management and prognosis of the burn victim It has been revised the different methods available for the assessment of the burn extent and some resuscitation basic concepts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was made based on the information took from medical records of patients from the burn unit of the San Vicente de Paul University Hospital in Medellín (Col during 2004. The initial diagnosis of the burn extension made by the remittent clinician was compared with the ones made by experience clinicians at the emergency room and by the plastic surgeon at the Burn Unit. The results obtained were processed with the package Statistic 6.0 (Stafsoft Inc and it was considered significant a p value < 0.05. The variables are presented as absolute values and with their respective percentages. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There were 329 attended patients. 60% of them had mistaken or incomplete diagnosis, and 39.3% of the diagnosis made at our emergency room were incomplete or incorrect. We found more frequently overestimation than underestimation of the burn surface area. In most of the cases mistakes were made that modified the burn category (mild, moderate, and severe. It is necessary to improve basic knowledge about burn care in the inexperience clinicians. INTRODUCCIÓN: la evaluación de la superficie corporal quemada tiene gran importancia para el tratamiento inicial y el pronóstico del paciente quemado. Se revisan los diferentes métodos para evaluar la superficie corporal quemada y algunos conceptos básicos de reanimación. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y transversal a partir de las historias clínicas de los pacientes quemados hospitalizados en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP de Medellín durante el año 2004. Se compararon los diagnósticos de extensión quemada emitidos

  2. Prevalência e características de mulheres com aborto provocado - Favela México 70, São Vicente - São Paulo Prevalence and characteristics of women with induced abortion - Favela México 70, São Vicente - São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tássia Ferreira Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, o aborto está entre as principais causas de mortalidade materna. Pesquisas mostram que o aborto é praticado clandestinamente por mulheres de todas as classes sociais; no entanto, tem consequências desiguais, dependendo da inserção social, produzindo riscos à vida de mulheres pobres. Embora o tema venha sendo amplamente explorado nos últimos 20 anos, observou-se escassez de dados sobre mulheres de baixa renda. Desta forma, o presente estudo tem por objetivo estimar a prevalência de mulheres com aborto provocado. Arrolaram-se mulheres por inquérito domiciliar de base populacional em setores de baixa renda de São Vicente, São Paulo. Eram elegíveis as mulheres em idade fértil de 15 a 49 anos. A avaliação das razões de prevalência de mulheres com aborto provocado foi realizada por meio de modelos lineares generalizados, usando-se a regressão de Poisson com função de ligação logarítmica e variância robusta para aproximar a binomial. As variáveis que demonstraram ter maior influência no relato de aborto foram: "aceitar sempre esta prática" (IC95% 2,98 - 11,02, seguida de "não ter filho nascido vivo" (IC95% 1,35 - 19,78, ter de "dois a cinco nascidos vivos" (IC95% 1,42 - 14,40 e ter de "seis ou mais nascidos vivos" (IC 95% 1,35 - 19,78, "idade no momento da entrevista" (IC 95% 1,01 - 1,07 e "renda" In Brazil, abortion is among the leading causes of maternal mortality. Research has shown that abortion is practiced clandestinely by women of all social classes, but has unequal consequences depending on social inclusion, producing risks to poor women. Although the issue has been widely explored in the past 20 years, there is a lack of data about low-income women. Thus, the present study aims to estimate the prevalence of women with induced abortion. Women from a population-based household survey in low-income sectors of São Vicente, São Paulo were recruited. Women of childbearing age from 15 to 49 years were eligible

  3. Pteridófitas de um remanescente de Floresta Atlântica em São Vicente Férrer, Pernambuco, Brasil: Pteridaceae Pteridophytes of a remainder of Atlantic Forest in São Vicente Férrer, Pernambuco, Brazil: Pteridaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcio Roberto Pietrobom

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizado um levantamento florístico da pteridoflora da Mata do Estado, localizada no município de São Vicente Férrer, Zona da Mata Norte do Estado de Pernambuco. O estudo foi desenvolvido nesta área, devido a sua grande extensão, ca. 600ha, e também pela existência de uma grande diversidade de pteridófitas, resultado de um gradiente de umidade onde os fatores ambientais e físicos como os níveis de altitude, as precipitações pluviométricas, bem como a distribuição dessas precipitações têm importância fundamental para a vegetação da área. Foram empregados métodos tradicionais para o levantamento florístico, no período de um ano. Para a análise e identificação taxonômica dos exemplares coletados, foram utilizadas técnicas usuais e literaturas especializadas. São apresentadas ilustrações e distribuição geográfica das espécies, bem como, descrição da espécie nova referência e comentários da família, gêneros e espécies. O trabalho contribui para um maior conhecimento florístico e ecológico da pteridoflora de Reservas de Floresta Atlântica Serrana no Nordeste do Brasil. A família Pteridaceae está representada na área estudada por 20 espécies, distribuídas em sete gêneros (Pityrogramma Link, Adiantopsis Fée, Hemionitis L. e Acrostichum L. uma espécie cada; Doryopteris J. Sm. quatro espécies; Adiantum L. nove espécies e Pteris L. três espécies e uma variedade. Foi registrada uma nova referência para o estado de Pernambuco: Adiantum humile Kunze.A floristic survey of the pteridoflora at the Mata do Estado, located in the Municipality of São Vicente Férrer, Mata Norte (Atlantic Forest Zone in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, was performed. The study was developed in this area, due to its great extension of ca. 600ha, and also because of a great of diversity pteridophytes , result of a humidity gradient where the environmental and physical factors such as the altitude levels and the

  4. Shell utilization pattern of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Crustacea, Anomura in an estuary at São Vicente, State of São Paulo, Brazil Padrão de utilização de conchas do ermitão Clibanarius vittatus (Crustacea, Anomura, no Estuário de São Vicente, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno S. Sant'Anna

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the gastropod shell utilization pattern of the hermit crab Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802 at Pescadores Beach in São Vicente, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Specimens were collected monthly from May 2001 through April 2003, in the intertidal zone at low tide. The crabs were weighed and their carapace shield length measured. All gastropod shells were identified and had their shell biometric parameters (total length and aperture length measured (mm and weighed (g. A total of 2,344 hermit crabs (644 males, 1,594 females, 45 ovigerous females and 61 individuals in intersex, using 13 species of gastropod shells, were collected. Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767, Cymatium parthenopeum (Von Salis, 1793 and Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1822 comprised over 98% of all the shells. Male and intersex crabs were significantly larger than the females. This size difference strongly influenced the shell utilization pattern, principally in A. fulica, which has the largest shell size, that was only used by males and intersexual individuals of C. vittatus. Cymatium parthenopeum was the only shell species that showed a high determinant coefficient in all the biometric correlations evaluated. The high abundance of S. haemastoma shells and a strong correlation between crab size and shell aperture length established by a significant determination coefficient, indicated that C. vittatus uses this species as the principal resource for shell occupation at Pescadores Beach.O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a utilização de conchas de gastrópodes por Clibanarius vittatus (Bosc, 1802, na Praia dos Pescadores, em São Vicente (SP, Brasil. Foram realizadas amostras mensais no período de maio de 2001 a abril de 2003, na região intertidal durante a maré baixa. Todos os animais foram pesados e tiveram o comprimento de seu escudo cefalotorácico mensurados, suas conchas identificadas e medidas quanto ao comprimento (mm, abertura (mm e peso (g

  5. Hernia diafragmática congénita. Experiencia en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 1999-2009 = Congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Experience at Hospital Universitario San Vicente of Paul, Medellín, Colombia 1999 to 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arango Rave, María Elena

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la hernia diafragmática congénita (HDC plantea un reto por la amplia variabilidad de presentación clínica, la falla respiratoria y la posibilidad de hipertensión pulmonar grave. El objetivo de esta revisión fue describir el tratamiento de la HDC y sus resultados, entre 1999 y 2009, en la Sección de Cirugía Infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín.Materiales y métodos: se estudiaron en 36 pacientes variables socioeconómicas, tiempo de estabilización preoperatoria, tipo de tratamiento y sus resultados, complicaciones, tiempo de permanencia en la UCI, necesidad de soporte ventilatorio y duración de la estancia hospitalaria.Resultados: fue más frecuente la HDC izquierda y en hombres. Veintidós pacientes presentaron malformaciones asociadas. Se hizo tratamiento médico y quirúrgico en 31 pacientes. El tiempo de estabilización preoperatoria fue en promedio cuatro días. La mediana de días de ventilación mecánica fue cuatro, la de estancia en UCI, seis y la de estancia hospitalaria, 12,5. La sepsis fue la complicación más frecuente, en seis pacientes hubo infección del sitio operatorio y en igual número, secuelas. Murieron 10 pacientes; los factores asociados con la mortalidad fueron: inestabilidad hemodinámica, Apgar menor de 5, tratamiento exclusivamente médico, diagnóstico prenatal, uso de parche para la reparación y las malformaciones asociadas.

  6. Learning through synchronous electronic discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanselaar, G.; Veerman, A.L.; Andriessen, J.E.B.

    2000-01-01

    This article reports a study examining university student pairs carrying out an electronic discussion task in a synchronous computer mediated communication (CMC) system (NetMeeting). The purpose of the assignment was to raise students' awareness concerning conceptions that characterise effective

  7. Body Art: A Panel Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surgenor, Peter; And Others

    1997-01-01

    Three camp directors discuss their policies regarding body art and body piercing. Only one director reported a strict policy prohibiting tattoos or body art based on standards that the camp portrays to families. However, all directors enforced policies prohibiting clothing or body art that mentions alcohol, tobacco, drug use, or inappropriate…

  8. Another Discussion about Academic Corruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changgeng, Li

    2007-01-01

    Academic corruption is a commonplace matter about which all people are clearly aware. However, people often overlook many hidden or latent manifestations of academic corruption. This article discusses eight of these manifestations: indiscriminate use of the academic team spirit, the proliferation of "word games," deliberate attacks on…

  9. Tratamiento de los defectos congénitos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, 1998-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Jaramillo Gómez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones neonatales de la pared abdominal que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, comparten el manifestarse por herniación de las vísceras intraabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdominal. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto al cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 40 y 60% aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los que tienen diagnóstico de onfalocele. El objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva fue describir el tratamiento y los resultados obtenidos en estos pacientes, entre 1998 y 2006, en el Servicio de Cirugía infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, Colombia. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía infantil del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento que se les realizó y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados; las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como la infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleus e hipertensión intraabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT; la duración de la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos y en el hospital. RESULTADOS: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele, todos ellos tratados quirúrgicamente. El tipo más frecuente de cirugía fue el cierre primario (56,4%; en cuanto al cierre por etapas, el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo en 21,8% de los niños. En el 75,9% de los pacientes se presentó alguna complicación, más frecuentemente la sepsis, y cuando se evaluaron las complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico, el porcentaje fue similar para el cierre

  10. Group discussion improves lie detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Nadav; Epley, Nicholas

    2015-06-16

    Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that groups are consistently more accurate than individuals in distinguishing truths from lies, an effect that comes primarily from an increased ability to correctly identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions (a "wisdom-of-crowds" effect) or of altering response biases (such as reducing the "truth bias"). Interventions to improve lie detection typically focus on improving individual judgment, a costly and generally ineffective endeavor. Our findings suggest a cheap and simple synergistic approach of enabling group discussion before rendering a judgment.

  11. Algo más sobre la infundada atribución a Blanco White de la novela «Vargas», de Alexander Dallas, con unas páginas inéditas de Vicente Llorens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Durán López

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este breve artículo aporta algunas evidencias adicionales a las que ya presenté en Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo, nº 19 (2013, sobre la autoría de Vargas, a tale of Spain, novela escrita por el escritor inglés Alexander Dallas, pero habitualmente atribuida a José María Blanco White. Por una parte, se informa de la localización en la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid del manuscrito original de Vargas; por otra, se publica un texto inédito de Vicente Llorens con sus argumentos para defender que la obra no fue escrita por Blanco White.

  12. La educación por los sentidos: Memoria y formación en Contra paraíso y Tranvía a la Malvarrosa de Manuel Vicent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo J. Balverde

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Up to now Manuel Vicent has published four books that have been regarded as autobiographic: Contra paraíso (1993, Tranvía a la malvarrosa(1994, Jardín de Villa Valeria (1996 and Verás el cielo abierto (2006.The first two books refer to childhood and youth and construct, read together, an autofiction and at the same time a Bildungsroman that, upon the acknowledged background of Franco dictatorship, tell the ups and downs and discoveries of the protagonist who grows up in a world full of contrasts. The literary configuration of childhood and adolescence is being achieved in terms of exploration of the world, and the way of attaining it is basically by means of senses. The aim of this paper is to go deep inside the dialogue between the autofiction and the apprenticeship novel, framed by the repressive Spain between the decades oh the thirties and sixties of twentieth century

  13. "Un acto más de la agricultura". Nostalgia y crítica del pasado franquista en Tranvía a la Malvarrosa de Manuel Vicent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiona Schouten

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The novel Tranvía a la Malvarrosa (1994 by Manuel Vicent evokes a nostalgic image of the past: the smells, colours, and sounds of 1950s Valencia make the sentimental, professional and moral education of the protagonist appear highly attractive. However, while the novel's narrator remembers those days nostalgically, he simultaneously criticises the francoist regime that formed their background. The combination of a critical sentiment with a nostalgic one seems slightly paradoxical, but it can be supposed that criticism of the past contains and controls the emotional force of nostalgia. Nonetheless, in this case it turns out that nostalgia ends up undermining the critical tone. In fact, the emphasis the narrator places on the dark sides of the past heightens his nostalgia, since it suggests a decadence that is attractive and intriguing

  14. Skrjabinodon heliocostai sp.n. (Nematoda, Pharyngodonidae parasitizing Mabuya frenata (Cope (Lacertilia, Scincidae in Brazil and the reallocation of Skrjabinodon capacyupanquii (Freitas, Vicente & Ibanez in the genus Thelandros Wedl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim J. Vicente

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The present report is related to an oxyurid nematode recovered from a reptilian host, Mabuya frenata (Cope, 1862 and the proposal of Skrjabinodon helicostai sp.n., based mainly on findings referring to the lateral alae, position of excretory pore and vulvar apertures, cuticular spines of the tail and aspect of the eggs. The examination of types of Skrjabinodon capacyupanquii (Freitas, Vicente & Ibanez, 1968 from a Peruvian lizard, indicated the reallocation of this species in the genus Thelandros Wedl., 1862, as T. capacyupanquii comb.n., based on the diameter of the caudal appendage of males and position of the vulvar aperture. The new species described herein represents the first report of a species of the genus Skrjabinodon Inglis, 1968 in South America.

  15. Uso de la citometría de flujo en la caracterización de las leucemias agudas de pacientes del Hospital San Vicente de Paúl y la Clínica León XIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lía Upegui

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Las leucemias agudas son neoplasias hematológicas frecuentes en niños y la clasificación adecuada de un caso es importante para dar  un buen tratamiento (1. La manera más eficaz de clasificar las leucemias agudas es la inmunofenotipificación por medio de citometría de flujo, que identifica las células leucémicas con base en sus antígenos de superficie (2. En el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl no se ha estandarizado la citometría con fines diagnósticos, aunque existe consenso general sobre su importancia y necesidad (3.

     

     

  16. Incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda en niños hospitalizados por quemaduras en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín, 2007-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Cornejo Ochoa

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: las quemaduras en niños se han identificado como causa principal de trauma y su asociación con insuficiencia renal aguda es una de las complicaciones más temidas debido a su alta tasa de mortalidad. OBJETIVO: establecer la incidencia de insuficiencia renal aguda y describir algunos de los factores asociados en niños quemados menores de 18 años atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio de cohorte prospectivo y descriptivo en pacientes menores de 18 años con quemaduras superiores al 30% de la superficie corporal total que ingresaron al Servicio de quemados del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl entre abril del 2007 y febrero 2008. RESULTADOS: en total se incluyeron 25 pacientes en el estudio y de acuerdo con los criterios utilizados el 64% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal aguda y presentaron una tasa de mortalidad del 12,5% mientras que en el grupo sin insuficiencia renal aguda no se presentaron muertes. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los dos grupos en ninguna de las variables, lo que podría deberse al tamaño de la muestra; sin embargo, la lesión por inhalación se vislumbra como un factor importante de riesgo. CONCLUSIONES: la insuficiencia renal aguda en pacientes quemados es una complicación muy frecuente y se la debe buscar activamente y hacerles un seguimiento estrecho a los pacientes. Hacen falta más estudios en Medellín para determinar los factores de riesgo asociados a esta complicación.

  17. COINCO Strategy 2025 - Discussion Paper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Per Homann; Jensen, Anne; Stroschein, Christoph

     The regions and cities in the COINCO-corridor Oslo-Göteborg-Malmö-Copenhagen-Berlin have worked out a strategy proposal which is presented in this discussion paper. Behind the strategy is a political will to utilize mutual strengths and together become a leading player in a globalized world, based...... on common cultural, social and environmental values. The strategy comprises of a vision and more detailed aims and actions within three different areas: Corridor infrastructure, Innovation and Cooperation. In this way, the COINCO partners want to establish a political platform for transborder collaboration...... companies in the corridor, attracting innovative international companies, and supporting the creation of new knowledge intensive businesses is thus at the core of the strategy. New areas of collaboration will have to be identified systematically. Cooperation among COINCO businesses have...

  18. Discussing epigenetics in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    With the goal of discussing how epigenetic control and chromatin remodeling contribute to the various processes that lead to cellular plasticity and disease, this symposium marks the collaboration between the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) in France and the University of California, Irvine (UCI). Organized by Paolo Sassone-Corsi (UCI) and held at the Beckman Center of the National Academy of Sciences at the UCI campus December 15–16, 2011, this was the first of a series of international conferences on epigenetics dedicated to the scientific community in Southern California. The meeting also served as the official kick off for the newly formed Center for Epigenetics and Metabolism at the School of Medicine, UCI (http://cem.igb.uci.edu). PMID:22414797

  19. DISCUSSION METHODS: MODIFICATION AND TRANSFORMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbasova, A.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is about how to the importance of selecting the optimal methods of stimulation and motivation to learn. In modern conditions it is very important that the teacher gave the students ready knowledge, and pointed the way for the acquisition of knowledge, taught to acquire knowledge. This requires the selection of effective forms of language and literature work with texts of different types and styles of speech, listening, speaking. In this regard, special attention should be given lessons of speech development. There is a special group of methods to stimulate the development of communicative competence. Among them, and the method of discussion, which is increasingly being used in the classroom in the Russian language

  20. To discuss illicit nuclear trafficking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balatsky, Galya I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Severe, William R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wallace, Richard K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01

    The Illicit nuclear trafficking panel was conducted at the 4th Annual INMM workshop on Reducing the Risk from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials on February 2-3, 2010 in Washington DC. While the workshop occurred prior to the Nuclear Security Summit, April 12-13 2010 in Washington DC, some of the summit issues were raised during the workshop. The Communique of the Washington Nuclear Security Summit stated that 'Nuclear terrorism is one of the most challenging threats to international security, and strong nuclear security measures are the most effective means to prevent terrorists, criminals, or other unauthorized actors from acquiring nuclear materials.' The Illicit Trafficking panel is one means to strengthen nuclear security and cooperation at bilateral, regional and multilateral levels. Such a panel promotes nuclear security culture through technology development, human resources development, education and training. It is a tool which stresses the importance of international cooperation and coordination of assistance to improve efforts to prevent and respond to incidents of illicit nuclear trafficking. Illicit trafficking panel included representatives from US government, an international organization (IAEA), private industry and a non-governmental organization to discuss illicit nuclear trafficking issues. The focus of discussions was on best practices and challenges for addressing illicit nuclear trafficking. Terrorism connection. Workshop discussions pointed out the identification of terrorist connections with several trafficking incidents. Several trafficking cases involved real buyers (as opposed to undercover law enforcement agents) and there have been reports identifying individuals associated with terrorist organizations as prospective plutonium buyers. Some specific groups have been identified that consistently search for materials to buy on the black market, but no criminal groups were identified that specialize in nuclear materials or isotope

  1. The effect of physical and chemical parameters on the macroinfaunal community structure of San Vicente bay, Chile Efectos de parámetros físicos y químicos en la estructura comunitaria de la macroinfauna en la bahía de San Vicente, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ROCÍO A. SIEMENS

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available San Vicente bay is a heavily industrialised bay located in central Chile, which has a sand beach extending from an area of recreational use in the south to an area of industrial use and discharge in the north. A survey of the macrofauna in the intertidal zone revealed a non-homogeneous distribution; a maximum of five invertebrate species were found with all five only occurring in one of six transects down the beach. The density ranged from 0 to 188 individuals m-2, with the highest density at the recreational end. The most common species, Emerita analoga (Stimpson, was chosen to study the macrofaunal response to beach morphodynamics, physicochemical parameters and metal concentrations. The E. analoga distribution was not significantly correlated with the results of the physicochemical analyses of interstitial water (pH, temperature, salinity and oxygen concentrations. However, oxygen concentrations decreased to 3 ml O2 l-1 in the lower intertidal closest to the recreational area where the highest numbers of intertidal macrofauna were observed. Analyses of 12 metals in the sediments showed three distinct distribution patterns across the beach in which the metals could be classified: a representative metal was chosen for each distribution. The concentration of tin ranged from 3.4 to 11.58 mg g-1DW sediment, representing the `wave' pattern. The concentration of cadmium ranged from 0 to 0.23 mg g-1DW sediment, representing the `banded' pattern. The concentration of chromium ranged from 1.97 to 3.18 mg g-1DW sediment, representing the `intermediate' pattern of metal distribution. The E. analoga distribution was not significantly correlated with the concentrations of any single metal, although multivariate statistical analysis indicated that Sn and Fe had the largest negative effect and Mn had the largest positive one. The distribution of E. analoga across the sandy beach of San Vicente bay was significantly correlated with the relative tidal range

  2. Discussion on selected symbiotic stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viotti, Roberto; Hack, Margherita

    1993-01-01

    Because of its large variety of aspects, the symbiotic phenomenon is not very suitable for a statistical treatment. It is also not clear whether symbiotic stars really represent a homogeneous group of astrophysical objects or a collection of objects of different natures but showing similar phenomena. However we are especially interested in the symbiotic phenomenon, i.e., in those physical processes occurring in the atmosphere of each individual object and in their time dependence. Such a research can be performed through the detailed analysis of individual objects. This study should be done for a time long enough to cover all the different phases of their activity, in all the spectral ranges. Since the typical time scale of the symbiotic phenomena is up to several years and decades, this represents a problem since, for instance, making astronomy outside the visual region is a quite new field of research. It was a fortunate case that a few symbiotic stars (Z And, AG Dra, CH Cyg, AX Per, and PU Vul) had undergone remarkable light variations (or 'outbursts') in recent years, which could have been followed in the space ultraviolet with IUE, and simultaneously in the optical and IR with ground-based telescopes. But, in general, the time coverage of most of the symbiotic objects is too short to have a complete picture of their behavior. In this regard, one should recall Mayall's remark about the light curve of Z And: 'Z Andromedae is another variable that shows it will require several hundred years of observations before a good analysis can be made of its variations'. This pessimistic remark should be considered as a note of caution for those involved in the interpretation of the observations. We shall discuss a number of individual symbiotic stars for which the amount of observational data is large enough to draw a rather complete picture of their general behavior and to make consistent models. We shall especially illustrate the necessary steps toward an empirical model

  3. Muscle coordination: the discussion continues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prilutsky

    2000-01-01

    In this response, the major criticisms of the target article are addressed. Terminology from the target article that may have caused some confusion is clarified. In particular, the tasks that have the basic features of muscle coordination, as identified in the target article, have been limited in scope. A new metabolic optimization criterion suggested by Alexander (2000) is examined for its ability to predict muscle coordination in walking. Issues concerning the validation of muscle force predictions, the rules of muscle coordination, and the role of directional constraints in coordination of two-joint muscles are discussed. It is shown in particular that even in one-joint systems, the forces predicted by the criterion of Crowninshield and Brand (1981) depend upon the muscle moment arms and the physiological cross-sectional areas in much more complex ways than either previously assumed in the target article, or incorrectly derived by Herzog and Ait-Haddou (2000). It is concluded that the criterion of Crowninshield and Brand qualitatively predicts the basic coordination features of the major one- and two-joint muscles in a number of highly skilled, repetitive motor tasks performed by humans under predictable conditions and little demands on stability and accuracy. A possible functional significance of such muscle coordination may be the minimization of perceived effort, muscle fatigue, and/or energy expenditure.

  4. Characterization of diabetic patients undergoing dialysis at hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia Características de los pacientes con diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus en diálisis en la Unidad Renal del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín-Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Villegas Perrasse

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Worldwide, diabetes mellitus (DM is one of the main causes of renal insufficiency. However, very few Latin American and Colombian studies on the subject have been published. Dialyzed diabetic patients suffer from complications more frequently than their non-diabetic counterparts. Besides, many complications associated with DM are already present before the beginning of dialysis. Purpose: To characterize diabetic patients undergoing dialysis at an university hospital in Medellín, Colombia. Methodology: A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out including all patients registered in the dialysis program on May 31, 2003 at the Renal Unit of Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl. A semistructured questionnaire was used to collect clinical and laboratory information from the patient´s records. Results: Out of 396 dialysis patients, 102 (25.7% had the diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy which, in 15.3% of them, had been made less than five years before the beginning of this study. Two hundred and eighteen patients were on hemodialysis and 178, on peritoneal dialysis; 65 of the former (29.8% and 37 of the latter (20.8% were diabetic. Complete information was obtained from 64 and 34, respectively, for a total of 98 patients (57 men [58.2%] and 41 women [41.8%]. Their average time on dialysis was 1.53 years. DM type 2 was diagnosed in 88 patients (89.8%. High blood pressure was found in 92 patients (93.9%, overweight in 47 (47.9%, total cholesterol above 180 mg/dL in 58.2%, triglycerides above 150 mg/dL in 55.1%, retinopathy in 79.6%, total or partial blindness due to DM in 25.5%, neuropathy in 62.2%, and cardiovascular disease in 84.6%. A majority of patients were not fulfilling self-care recommendations. Conclusions: Diabetic nephropathy, most frequently due to type 2 DM, is the main cause of renal insufficiency at our Renal Unit. Diagnosis is often delayed and complications are the rule. It would be important to establish

  5. Artritis séptica no gonocóccica en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (1984-1992 Non-Gonococcal septic arthritis at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 1984-1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Uribe

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available La artritis séptica no gonocóccica es una urgencia en reumatología. Su diagnóstico y tratamiento tempranos evitan deformidades e incapacidades articulares. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de esta forma de artritis, en pacientes del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de MedeIlín, entre 1984 y 1992, para evaluar su forma de presentación, los factores predisponentes, el agente causal, las articulaciones comprometIdas y las complicaciones. De una revisión de 302 historias clínicas de pacientes mayores de 12 años con presunción diagnóstica de artritis séptica se hallaron 54 con aislamiento de la bacteria causal a partir del líquido articular, los hemocultivos O ambos; dichos pacientes con etiología comprobada motivan este informe. El grupo estuvo formado por 38 hombres (70.4% y 16 mujeres (29.6% cuya edad promedio era 27 años. Predominó Staphylococcus aureus (43 pacientes; 79.6% seguido por bacilos Gram negativos (9 pacientes; 16.7%; hubo dos casos debidos a estreptococos (3.7%. La enfermedad fue monoarticular en 49 casos (90.7% y biarticular en 5. Comprometió, en su orden, la rodilla (30 casos; 55.6%, la cadera (19; 35.2%, el tobillo y el hombro (tres casos cada uno, la articulación sacrollíaca (2 casos, la metacarpofalánglca y la esternoclavicular (un caso de cada una. Como complicaciones se hallaron 13 casos de sepsis, 13 de osteomielitis, 6 de bronconeumonía, 3 de insuficiencia renal aguda, 1 de coagulación intravascular diseminada y 1 de pericarditis. Este total de 37 complicaciones afectó a 23 pacientes. Ningún paciente falleció. En cuanto a los factores predisponentes y las enfermedades subyacentes se detectaron los siguientes: infección de tejidos blandos en 9 pacientes, endometritis en 3, LES o linfomano Hodgkin en 2 pacientes cada uno, artritis reumatoidea O inyección intraarticular en un paciente cada una. La consulta tuvo lugar después de la primera semana de evolución en 43 pacientes (79.6%.

  6. The impact and perspectives of a capacitating culinary awareness program, in the knowledge development of culinary identity, nutrition, hygiene, meal planning and culinary techniques applications in the community “El Progreso” situated in Pedro Vicente Maldonado Province of Pichincha Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Cedeno, Natalia Andrea Ferrin

    2017-01-01

    Master's thesis in International hotel and tourism management: Culinary leadership and innovation The purpose of this development project is to settle a Culinary Capacitating program along the community “El Progreso”, located in Pedro Vicente Maldonado, Province of Pichincha, Ecuador, in order to analyze the impact and perspectives that culinary knowledge can rapport. It has been taken in consideration the daily habits of the community, thus to improve their daily life of the people, to ma...

  7. Ressenya a Cárcel Ortí, María Milagros i García MArsilla, Juan Vicente, Documents de la pintura valenciana medieval i moderna. IV. Llibre de l’entrada de Ferran d’Antequera, València: Publicacions de la Universitat de València, 2013, 513 pp. ISBN: 978-84-370-9085-6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Mora Galbis

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Review to Cárcel Ortí, María Milagros i García MArsilla, Juan Vicente, Documents de la pintura valenciana medieval i moderna. IV. Llibre de l’entrada de Ferran d’Antequera, València: Publicacions de la Universitat de València, 2013, 513 pp. ISBN: 978-84-370-9085-6

  8. Adherencia a la Guía de manejo de la paciente con síndrome hipertensivo asociado a la gestación, en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Zuleta Tobón

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la implementación de guías de manejo como apoyo al equipo médico optimiza los recursos y disminuye las complicaciones en el tratamiento de pacientes con una enfermedad determinada. Aunque las guías se conocen y se elaboran en todo el mundo, su uso es discutible, la adherencia es variable y el impacto depende de la adherencia. Su uso se ha extendido mundialmente, por lo que existen guías para diferentes enfermedades, las cuales han sido analizadas desde diversos puntos de su desarrollo, incluyendo el soporte de la evidencia existente, la adherencia dentro de los servicios de salud y, por último, el impacto de su uso sobre la morbilidad y la mortalidad en un grupo específico de la población. El Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl diseñó su primera Guía de Manejo del Síndrome Hipertensivo asociado al embarazo hace 20 años y su última actualización fue en agosto de 2005. Este síndrome continúa siendo una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad maternas tanto local como nacionalmente, con indicadores superiores a los de otros países, y comparándolo con países con igual desarrollo económico, razón por la cual es pertinente contar con esta guía en las instituciones de nuestro país, como una herramienta para el cumplimiento de las metas planteadas por el Ministerio de Protección Social para la disminución de la morbilidad y mortalidad maternas. Sin embargo, esta guía no ha sido objeto de análisis. Para medir su impacto sobre los indicadores, es imprescindible conocer primero la adherencia a las recomendaciones de la guía. En un segundo paso podrá corroborarse el efecto que tienen las recomendaciones sobre la evolución de la enfermedad. OBJETIVO: evaluar la adherencia a las recomendaciones de la Guía de Manejo del Sindrome Hipertensivo Asociado a la Gestación del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. CONTEXTO: Hospital

  9. Neurocisticercosis en niños: Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín 1989-1996 Neurocysticercosis in children: experience in Medellín, Colombia 1989-1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Cornejo Ochoa

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Se hace un estudio retrospectivo de las historias cínicas de los menores de 18 años con diagnóstico de egreso de neurocisticercosis, del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín (HUSVP durante el período 1989 a 1996. Se encontraron 16 pacientes: Trece mujeres y 3 hombres, con un promedio de edad de 11 años. Los motivos de consulta mas frecuentes fueron convulsiones (68.8%, cefalea (62.5% y alteraciones visuales (37.5%. La evolución de los síntomas fue menor de tres meses en el 81% de los casos. Los diagnósticos sindromáticos mas frecuentes fueron los síndromes convulsivo (68.8% y de hipertensión endocraneana (43.8%. La tomografía computarizada mostró lesiones parenquimatosas múltiples en 8 casos y únicas en 4. El tratamiento con albendazol (10 mg/kg/dla mejor6 la sintomatología en todos los casos; se emplearon corticoides en todos los pacientes que recibieron tratamiento antiparasitario. Las convulsiones se controlaron fácilmente con difenilhidantolna o carbamazepina. Neurocysticercosis in children. Experience in Medellín, Colombia, 1989-1996 This is a retrospective clinical study of neurocisticercosis in patients aged 18 years or less, at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paul, in Medellln, Colombia, during the period 1989-1996. There were 16 patients, 13 girls and 3 boys; average age was 11 years. The main complaints were: Seizures (68.8%, headache (62.5% and visual disturbances (37.5%. Evolution of symptoms was less than three months in 81% of the patients. The most frequent syndromatic diagnoses were: Convulsive (68.8% and intracraneal hypertension syndromes (43.8%. Computed tomography revealed intraparenchimal multiple lesions in 8 cases and solitary lesions in 4 cases. Treatment with albendazole (10 mg/kg/day improved symptoms in every patient; children treated with antiparasitic drugs also received corticosteroids for 7 to 14 days. Seizures were easily controlled with anticonvulsivants such as

  10. Ley divina y ley terrena: antijudaísmo y estrategias de conversión en la campaña castellana de San Vicente Ferrer (1411-1412

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Losada, Carolina M.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies on Castilian medieval ant Judaism tend to focus on the cataclysmic events of the history of the Christian-Jewish relationship. Thus, the historical event implying the coincidence of the predication campaign run by the Valencian San Vicente Ferrer as well as the emergence of a legal device —the «Leyes de Ayllón» in 1412— seeking to restrict the social and economic reproduction of the Jews and aiming at compelling them to conversion, has been mentioned but not studied. The convergence of events responds both to the will of the social actors involved and to a specific historical and political situation linked to the development of Castilian ant Judaism during the fifteenth century. Therefore, 1412 appears to be a landmark in the history of discourse and praxis of ant Judaism in Castile. It allows us to elucidate the way in which the construction of the other —the Jews— implies a dialogue between a religious discourse and a political sign of marginalization and exclusion.Los estudios sobre el antijudaísmo medieval castellano tienden a concentrarse en los acontecimientos cataclísmicos de la historia de las relaciones cristianojudías. Así, el acontecimiento histórico que implica la coincidencia de la campaña de predicación del valenciano San Vicente Ferrer y la emergencia de un dispositivo legal —Las leyes de Ayllón, 1412— que buscan constreñir la reproducción social y económica de los judíos, con el objetivo de compelerlos a la conversión, ha sido citada pero no estudiada. La convergencia de ambos acontecimientos responde tanto a la voluntad de los actores sociales involucrados, como a una situación histórico-política determinada, ligada al desarrollo del antijudaísmo castellano durante el siglo xv. Entonces, 1412 se nos presenta como un hito en la historia del discurso y la praxis antijudíos castellanos. Esto nos permite dilucidar la forma en que la construcción del otro —un otro judío— supone un di

  11. OCEAN BUILDERS: INTERSEÇÕES ENTRE ECOLOGIA E ESTÉTICA NA ILHA DE SÃO VICENTE EM CABO VERDE (Dossiê: Práticas de Leitura, Livros Didáticos, Relações Raciais e as Culturas Africana e Afro-Brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Perdigão Pereira

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available OCEAN BUILDERS: INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ECOLOGY AND AESTHETICS IN SÃO VICENTE ISLAND IN CAPE VERDEResumo:Entrevista concedida por David Leone Lima Monteiro, em janeiro de 2016, na Ilha de São Vicente, Cabo Verde. David Leone é professor de Design na Mindelo_Escola Internacional de Arte (M_EIA, localizada na referida ilha, e membro do Ocean Builders. Fundado em outubro de 2012, na Ilha de São Vicente, Ocean Builders é um movimento, ou comunidade cabo-verdiana, que se dedica à proteção ambiental, inclusive de espécies marinhas e, ainda, à sensibilização das pessoas nesse sentido. O componente estético entra como importante elemento nas ações do grupo, uma vez que seus membros e simpatizantes do movimento realizam grafites com mensagens ecológicas, bem como utilizam uma página do facebook para divulgar tanto fotografias de suas ações, como de espécies marinhas e do contexto ambiental da Ilha de São Vicente, de modo mais abrangente. Aos cinco de dezembro do ano de 2015, o grupo foi reconhecido pelo Corpo Nacional de Voluntários de Cabo Verde e pela United Nations Volunteers (UNV, devido ao “trabalho voluntário meritório em prol do desenvolvimento social e cidadania em S. Vicente”.  Palavras-chave: Ocean Builders, Ecologia, Estética. AbstractInterview grated by David Leone Lima Monteiro, in January, 2016, at São Vicente Island, Cape Verde. David Leone is Design teacher at Mindelo_Escola Internacional de Arte [Mindelo International Art School] (M_EIA, located at the referred island, and is member of Ocean Builders. Founded in October, 2012, at the Island of São Vicente, Ocean Builder is a cape Verdean movement, or community, dedicated to environmental protection, inclusive of marine species, and also to the sensitization of people in the sense. The aesthetical component figures as an important element in the group actions, since the movements’ members and supporters perform graffiti’s with ecological messages, as well

  12. Causas de enfermedad renal crónica en niños atendidos en el Servicio de Nefrología Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, Colombia, entre 1960 y 2010 = Etiology of chronic kidney disease: fifty-year experience (1960-2010 at the Pediatric Nephrology Service, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanegas Ruiz, Juan José

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La insuficiencia renal crónica es el resultado del deterioro progresivo e irreversible de la función renal, que genera incapacidad del riñón para remover los productos de desecho y mantener el equilibrio ácido básico. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar las causas de insuficiencia renal crónica en nuestros pacientes y su importancia relativa en este desenlace. Se hizo un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de corte transversal, basado en la revisión de 367 registros pertenecien­tes al Servicio de Nefrología Infantil, de pacientes con diagnóstico de insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC, que acudieron al Servicio de Consulta Externa del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, entre el 01 de enero de 1960 y el 30 de agosto de 2010. De los 367 pacientes, 199 (54,2% fueron hombres y 168 (45,8%, mujeres; las enfermedades predominantes como causa de la IRC fueron: reflujo vésico-ureteral (37,1%, hidronefrosis (24,0%, valvas de la uretra posterior (13,4%, glomerulonefritis aguda (12,3%, síndrome nefrótico (11,2% e hipoplasia renal (9,3%.

  13. Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006 Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Natalia Herrera Toro

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that pose a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations.

    Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at the

    Pediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia.

    Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Diabetes Discussing Diabetes with Your Healthcare Provider Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents Diabetes Medicines—Always Discuss Them with Your Healthcare Provider ...

  14. The Science of Drug Use: Discussion Points

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The Science of Drug Use: Discussion Points The Science of Drug Use: Discussion Points Email Facebook Twitter ... was last updated February 2017 Related Topics Addiction Science Adolescent Brain Comorbidity College-Age & Young Adults Criminal ...

  15. Leucemia linfoide aguda: estudio citogenético en niños atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín en el período 1998-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Herrera Patiño

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Las investigaciones citogenéticas en leucemia Linfoblástica Aguda (LLA permiten identificar alteraciones recurrentes específicas en los cromosomas y correlacionarlas con la información biológica. Además, contribuyen a la comprensión de los mecanismos de leucogénesis, como factores pronósticos independientes, y aportan bases para futuras investigaciones terapéuticas. Se analizaron las alteraciones cromosómicas adquiridas en la médula ósea de 44 niños (entre un mes y 14 años con LLA, diagnosticada clínica e histopatológicamente entre 1998 y 2001 en la Unidad de Hematología Infantil, Hospital San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, y cuyas muestras de médula ósea fueron procesadas y analizadas en la Unidad de Genética Médica, de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia. El estudio reveló que 17 pacientes (41,5% presentaban cariotipo normal y 24 (58,5% lo tenían anormal. De estos últimos 18 (75% tenían un mosaicismo cromosómico, 4 (16,7% exhibían cariotipos hiperdiploides y 2 (8.3% presentaban otras alteraciones cromosómicas. No se encontraron asociaciones significativas entre los tipos de leucemia (L1,L2,L3 y el cariotipo.

  16. Redescription and first genetic characterisation of Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) macaensis Vicente & Santos, 1972 (Nematoda: Camallanidae), including re-evaluation of the species of Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) from marine fishes off Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardella, Carla J; Pereira, Felipe B; Luque, José L

    2017-07-01

    Newly collected specimens of Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) macaensis Vicente & Santos, 1972 from the intestine of Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner), off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, are redescribed and genetically characterised. Additionally, all congeners deposited in the Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (CHIOC) parasitic in marine fishes of the South Atlantic, including types of P. (S.) macaensis, were re-evaluated. The following features are described for the first time in P. (S.) macaensis: morphology and arrangement of cephalic structures, shape of deirids and location of phasmids. The position of the excretory pore, the number and arrangement of caudal papillae in males, the structure of the spicules and of tail end in both males and females are rectified. Most specimens deposited in the CHIOC identified as P. (S.) pereirai Annereaux, 1946 were transferred to P. (S.) macaensis and others were designated as Procamallanus (S.) sp. Procamallanus (S.) cruzi Guimarães, Cristófaro & Rodrigues, 1976 is considered a species inquirenda due to its poor description and the lack of match of its original description with the type-material re-examined. Moreover, several taxonomic problems were noted after observations of the specimens (mostly poorly preserved), including inadequate morphological reports as well as misidentifications. Phylogenies inferred using sequences of the SSU rDNA from camallanids (Nematoda: Camallanidae) mostly generated weakly supported clades; however, Camallanus Railliet & Henry, 1915 and Procamallanus Baylis, 1923 do not seem to be monophyletic. Based on the present results and the lack of molecular data, it would be pertinent to adopt the widely-used classification for the subgenera of Procamallanus.

  17. Students' Critical Thinking in Online Discussion Forum

    OpenAIRE

    Fitriana, Sela; Anggia, Helta

    2016-01-01

    Online discussion forum is well-known in educational technology development especially in blended learning because it supports the traditional face to face (f2f) class. Online discussion forum is familiar as the leading of critical thinking process. This paper reports about qualitative study on web-based class by using blended learning focuses on online discussion forum. This study is held in order to analyze the critical thinking process that appears during online discussion forum class. Thi...

  18. Encouraging Critical Thinking in Online Threaded Discussions

    OpenAIRE

    Bridget Arend

    2009-01-01

    Critical thinking is a highly desirable goal of online higher education courses. This article presents qualitative data from a mixed-method study that explores how asynchronous discussions within online courses influence critical thinking among students. In this study, online discussions were related to higher levels of critical thinking, but qualitative data indicate that the way discussions are used and facilitated is vital for encouraging critical thinking. Online discussions typically hav...

  19. Learning through Discussions in Blended Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, R. A.; Calvo, R. A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper reports research into the student experience of learning through discussions in a blended environment. Third year engineering students studying e-commerce engaged in both face-to-face discussions and online asynchronous discussions as key aspects of their learning experience. Adopting a quantitative methodology, questionnaires were…

  1. Del otro lado del Río: ambientalismo y política entre uruguayos y argentinos; Vicente Palermo y Carlos Reboratti (compiladores) : Edhasa, 2007. ISBN 978-987-628-004-4. 256 páginas

    OpenAIRE

    Porcelli, Emanuel

    2008-01-01

    La historia reciente de la Política Exterior Argentina guardará durante años algunos capítulos dedicados al diferendo iniciado en el 2003 por la instalación de las plantas de celulosa en el margen oriental del Río Uruguay. La presente obra es una de las primeras aproximaciones, en donde se intenta realizar un análisis desde diferentes aristas al conflicto. Este trabajo compilado por Vicente Palermo y Carlos Reboratti intenta combinar la visión de académicos (que provienen de diferentes dis...

  2. Evaluación del desenlace y características clínicas de una serie de niños con neutropenia febril sin foco en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 2000-2005

    OpenAIRE

    María Adelaida Aristizábal Gil; Isabel Cristina Valencia Montoya; Carolina Jaramillo Arango

    2008-01-01

    Introducción: la neutropenia febril (NF) se asocia a infección en 48-60% de los casos y es la segunda causa de ingreso hospitalario al servicio de oncología pediátrica. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el desenlace de una serie de niños, que recibían tratamiento para neutropenia febril sin foco aparente, según un protocolo preestablecido en el Servicio de Hematooncología infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se incluyeron retrospectivamente historia...

  3. Laryngeal mask airway and endotracheal tube: odynophagia and dysfhonia incidence under general anesthesia at the University Hospital San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 2000 Máscara laríngea y tubo endotraqueal: incidencia de odinogagia y disfonía por su uso en anestesia general en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica del Rosario Guzmán Carazo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available We describe the odynophagia and dysphonia incidence after the use of either laryngeal mask (LM or endotracheal tube (ETT in adult patients submitted to elective surgery, under general anesthesia, at the University Hospital San Vicente of Paul, Medellín, Colombia, between February 14 and March 16 of 2000. A descriptive and prospective study was carried out in 63 patients, in which the global incidence of odynophagia was 15.9% and that of dysphonia 12.5%; there was a higher odynophagia incidence with the use of ETT, 37.5%, than with LM, 2.6%. The dysphonia incidence was also higher with the use of the TET (25% than with LM (5.1%. The odynophagia incidence was higher in women (19.1% than in men (6.2%. Dysphonia was also more frequent in women (14.8% than in men (6.2%. Accordingly, we can conclude that odynophagia and dysphonia incidences are lower in men, when the time of anesthesia is two hours or less and when LM is used. More studies are necessary to carry out a comparative analysis of the complications with the use of LM and ETT, in order to offer the safest and more effective technique for insuring the airway. Se describe la incidencia de odinofagia y disfonía después del uso de la máscara laríngea (ML o del tubo endotraqueal (TET en pacientes adultos sometidos a cirugía electiva, bajo anestesia general, en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, entre febrero y marzo de 2000. Se hizo un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte transversal, en 63 pacientes, en los cuales se encontró una incidencia global de odinofagia del 15.9% y de disfonía del 12.5%. Hubo una mayor incidencia de odinofagia con el uso del TET, 37.5%, que con la ML, 2.6%. La incidencia de disfonía también fue mayor con el uso del TET (25% que con la ML (5.1%. La incidencia de odinofagia fue mayor en las mujeres (19.1% que en los hombres (6.2%. La disfonía también fue más frecuente en mujeres (14.8% que en hombres (6.2%. De acuerdo con los

  4. Impact on mormortality of o one conjugated treatment in 10 paraquat intoxicated patients attended at the San Vicente de Paul University Hospital in Medellín, Colombia, from august 2002 to august 2003 Impacto en la mortalidad de un tratamiento conjugado, en pacientes intoxicados no ocupacionalmente, con paraquat en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín, entre agosto de 2002 y agosto de 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Marina Quiceno Quiceno

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Paraquat is a frequently used herbicide in Colombia. Its ingestion produces a severe intoxication with a high lethality. Up to now there is not a successful treatment for it. The purpose of this study was to determine if a conjugated treatment with NAcetylcysteine; A, C, and E vitamins, Propranolol, Colchicine and Furosemide increased the survival of ten paraquat intoxicated patients attended at the San Vicente de Paul University Hospital in Medellín, Colombia, based on the predicted probability of survival, Paraquat plasmatic concentration and clinical assessment. Six patients died because of their intoxication severity, three of them due to multisystemic organic failure, and three from acute respiratory failure. The results had statistical significance, showing a direct proportion between the high plasma levels of paraquat and mortality; and the fact that those with a multiorganic involvement died, despite their low Paraquat plasma levels. Based on clinical data it is possible to conclude that the treatment is useful only for patients with mild to moderate intoxication; there is not an exact correlation between the clinical features and the Paraquat plasma levels; and the clinical features are a very good indicator of the prognosis in Paraquat intoxicated patients. Further experimental and clinical trials are needed. En Colombia se utiliza frecuentemente el Paraquat, herbicida que al ser ingerido en cualquier cantidad produce toxicidad grave y alta mortalidad, sin haberse encontrado un tratamiento eficaz para la recuperación de los intoxicados. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer si un tratamiento conjugado con N-acetilcisteína, vitamina A, C, E, propranolol, colchicina y furosemida, disminuye la mortalidad en pacientes, basados en la probabilidad de supervivencia, los niveles plasmáticos y el seguimiento clínico. Resultados: De diez pacientes con intoxicaciones no ocupacionales que ingresaron al Hospital Universitario San Vicente

  5. Exploring Discipline Differentiation in Online Discussion Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, Petrea; Devine, Jo; Basson, Marita

    2014-01-01

    Online discussion forums are often the only interaction or communication a student in an online learning environment will have with the course instructor and fellow students. Discussion forums are intended to elicit a range of thinking skills from the students, from purely social interaction to metacognition in order to achieve deep learning.…

  6. Preparing Teachers to Lead Mathematics Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boerst, Timothy A.; Sleep, Laurie; Ball, Deborah Loewenberg; Bass, Hyman

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Discussion is central to mathematics teaching and learning, as well as to mathematics as an academic discipline. Studies have shown that facilitating discussions is complex work that is not easily done or learned. To make such complex aspects of the work of teaching learnable by beginners, recent research has focused on…

  7. Online discussion: Enhancing students' critical thinking skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathakrishnan, Mohan; Ahmad, Rahayu; Suan, Choo Ling

    2017-10-01

    Online discussion has become one of the important strategies for the teacher to teach the students to think critically when conveying their ideas and become more proactive and creative. In this paper, padlet online discussion communication was conducted to examine its effectiveness in enhancing critical thinking. In this study, there are two types of critical thinking: macro and micro critical thinking. A total of 70 Universiti Utara Malaysia Management Foundation Programme students involved in this experimental research design. The students in treatment class are divided to few groups. Every group uses padlet online discussion to discuss the topic given. All the group members discuss and write their ideas in padlet. Ideas that are posted in padlet will be displayed in front of the class so that the entire group in the treatment class could see the given ideas. Paul's (1993) model was used to analyze student's macro and micro critical thinking in padlet online discussion and communication. The finding shows that students who used padlet online discussion backchannel communication have greater macro and micro critical thinking level than students who do not use online discussion.

  8. Online Discussion, Student Engagement, and Critical Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Leonard; Lahman, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Recent research into the merits of online discussion (computer-mediated communication) has shown that it promotes active learning behaviors and enhances learner outcomes. Scholars have also shown that, when instructors employ effective questioning and moderating skills, students can show higher levels of critical thinking in online discussion. In…

  9. Enhancing Understanding and Interest through Group Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannon, Patrick

    2006-01-01

    Group discussion allows students to learn how to "talk to someone." Through group discussion, students can acquire or refine a broad range of attributes, from basic oratory skills to a more sophisticated development of communicative competence to embracing and valuing dialogic interchange and reflexivity. In this article, the author explains how…

  10. Interteaching: Discussion Group Size and Course Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truelove, Jacob C.; Saville, Bryan K.; Van Patten, Ryan

    2013-01-01

    Researchers have yet to examine whether discussion group size affects student performance in an interteaching-based course. In the current study, we addressed this question by manipulating discussion group size (smaller groups of 2 students vs. larger groups of 4 students) across 2 sections of an undergraduate psychology course. We found no…

  11. Engaging All Students in Mathematical Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahr, Damon L.; Bahr, Kim

    2017-01-01

    Many teachers try to engage their students in meaningful mathematical discussions in which one or more students share their thinking about a problem while the other students are expected to listen and learn from the sharing. Indeed, such discussions can help students learn from one another and promote high levels of mathematical proficiency.…

  12. Learning Reading Strategies with Online Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, I-Fang; Ko, Hwa-Wei; Wu, Sheng-Yi

    2014-01-01

    Teachers experience difficulty demonstrating prediction strategies and leading discussions in traditional classrooms. It is also unclear whether online discussion can contribute to reading comprehension. The purpose of this study is to create an online reading system to investigate whether learners can acquire reading strategies and enhance their…

  13. Encouraging Critical Thinking in Online Threaded Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arend, Bridget

    2009-01-01

    Critical thinking is a highly desirable goal of online higher education courses. This article presents qualitative data from a mixed-method study that explores how asynchronous discussions within online courses influence critical thinking among students. In this study, online discussions were related to higher levels of critical thinking, but…

  14. Three discussions on object-oriented typing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schwartzbach, Michael Ignatieff; Palsberg, Jens

    1992-01-01

    This paper summarizes three discussions conducted at the ECOOP'91 W5 Workshop on "Types, Inheritance, and Assignments" Tuesday July 16, 1991 in Geneva, Switzerland, organized by the authors.......This paper summarizes three discussions conducted at the ECOOP'91 W5 Workshop on "Types, Inheritance, and Assignments" Tuesday July 16, 1991 in Geneva, Switzerland, organized by the authors....

  15. The Use of Dream Discussions in Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Mark J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Reviews the historical underpinnings of dream theories and suggests that discussions of dreams in counseling can aid in setting up and maintaining therapeutic contact with clients. A number of theoretical positions on the function of dreams are discussed. Specific dream counseling techniques are also delineated. (JAC)

  16. Improving Classroom Discussion: A Rhetorical Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruss, Kristine S.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a project designed to take the dread out of discussion in a first-year interdisciplinary humanities course at Sewanee: The University of the South, a private liberal arts college in Tennessee. The Responsible Intellectual Discussion project, known as RID, was created in conjunction with the college's Eloquence…

  17. Considering the Move to Electronic Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Bruce E.

    2005-01-01

    Over the past four years, the author has attempted to compare students' participation patterns during electronic threaded discussions and face-to-face classroom discussions. Most recently, he considered the interactions of 40 students in two world history classes at a public high school. These students regularly engaged in classroom discussions…

  18. The Lecture-Discussion Format Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, James S.

    1979-01-01

    A new look at the standard lecture/discussion format for the large introductory college course is offered, along with suggestions to upgrade its quality. Foci for improvement include organization of lecture material, teacher-student interaction, lecture delivery, feedback, discussion group supervision, and course evaluation. (JMD)

  19. Facilitating online discussions by automatic summarization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wubben, S.; Verberne, S.; Krahmer, E.J.; Bosch, A.P.J. van den

    2015-01-01

    In the DISCOSUMO project, we aim to develop a computational toolkit to automatically summarize discussion forum threads. In this paper, we present the initial design of the toolkit, the data that we work with and the challenges we face. Discussion threads on a single topic can easily consist

  20. National GAP Conference 2007-Discussion Groups Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratz, Joan M.; Lamb, Berton Lee

    2010-01-01

    We led two discussion groups during the 2007 National GAP Conference. These discussion groups provided information to help develop a survey of National Gap Analysis Program (GAP) data users. One group discussed technical issues, and the second group discussed the use of GAP data for decisionmaking. Themes emerging from the technical issues group included concerns about data quality, need for information on how to use data, and passive data distribution. The decisionmaking discussion included a wide range of topics including the need to understand presentation of information, the need to connect with and understand users of data, the revision of GAP's mission, and the adaptability of products and data. The decisionmaking group also raised concerns regarding technical issues. One conclusion is that a deep commitment to ongoing information transfer and support is a key component of success for the GAP program.

  1. Chinese women's participation in fertility discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, L

    1993-01-01

    In an attempt to better understand the process through which the family planning (FP) programs and socioeconomic developments in China affect fertility, women's participation in fertility discussions with their husbands are examined as an intermediate factor in a study based on results of a random survey of 6654 ever-married women of reproductive age from 7 cities and 30 counties of Guangdong. First, it must be noted that Chinese couples do have individual choices (albeit quite limited ones) about their fertility; they can choose to follow or ignore government policy or they can choose to remain childless. The present study has 3 major hypotheses: 1) the more a woman is involved in fertility discussions with her husband, the fewer children she will have; 2) urban women with a higher educational status will be more likely to have such discussions; and 3) women who are contacted individually by FP personnel are more likely to be involved in fertility discussions. After a discussion of data collection and variables (number of living children, education of wife and husband, age at marriage, residence, living with parents, contacted by FP personnel, and discussion with husband), the results are presented in terms of zero-order correlation coefficients indicating their relationships. The bivariate analysis supported the hypotheses. Multiple regression analysis showed that age at marriage, education of wives and husbands, FP contacts, and participation in discussions remain significant fertility determinants (but the correlation between fertility and residence becomes trivial). A further regression model indicated that a woman's educational attainment is the most significant positive indication of their participation in fertility discussions. These results imply that as women's status continues to improve in China and the deeply-rooted patriarchal tradition loses hold, increased gender equity and education will influence a fertility decline. FP personnel could also

  2. Estudio descriptivo de los casos de síndrome de Guillain-Barré atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, entre los años 2001 y 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Santiago Uribe Uribe

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Estudio descriptivo, tanto retrospectivo como prospectivo, llevado a cabo desde marzo de 2004, en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín. Se buscó describir las características y la evolución con la inmunoterapia de los pacientes de 15 años o mayores con síndrome de Guillain- Barré que ingresaron al hospital entre 2001-2005. Se encontraron 54 pacientes, pero solamente se obtuvo información en 46 de ellos: 54,3% de mujeres y 45,7% de hombres, con edad promedio de 39,4 años (DE: 17,6. La principal causa de retraso en la atención fue iniciar el tratamiento en un nivel inferior de atención. Predominaron los pacientes con las formas ascendente y desmielinizante. Aquéllos con la variedad axonal permanecieron hospitalizados por más tiempo. La disociación albúminocitológica se dio en el 71,1% de los pacientes. Recibieron inmunoterapia 60,8%, tipo plasmaféresis, 39% e inmunoglobulina, 61%. Requirieron ventilación mecánica 45% de las personas que recibieron plasmaféresis y 75% de quienes recibieron inmunoglobulina; el puntaje de Hughes fue más alto en el grupo de inmunoglobulina. La neumonía fue la principal complicación. Se pudo concluir que se requiere reforzar los conocimientos de los médicos generales para evitar el retraso en la atención; las características clínicas que difieren de las reportadas en otras partes son: la proporción similar en hombres y mujeres y la rápida evolución. Durante el estudio fallecieron 3 pacientes. Se recolectó información de seguimiento al año en 65,3% de los pacientes, 23,3% de ellos tenían secuelas.

  3. Tratamiento de las fracturas abiertas de la diáfisis tibial en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 2005-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Mena Delgado

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Las fracturas abiertas son el resultado de traumas de alta energía y se caracterizan por grados variables de lesiones esqueléticas y de los tejidos blandos, que incrementar el riesgo de infección y producir complicaciones en la cicatrización. Con el fin de ampliar el conocimiento sobre las fracturas abiertas de la diáfisis tibial y su tratamiento, se hizo un estudio retrospectivo en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP, de Medellín, Colombia, para definir la forma de presentación, el tratamiento y las complicaciones en la población de esta ciudad. Durante el período comprendido entre el 1 de mayo de 2005 y el 30 de abril de 2006, se llevó a cabo un estudio de tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal en todos los pacientes atendidos en el HUSVP con diagnóstico de fractura abierta de la diáfisis tibial. Participaron en el estudio 66 pacientes con 67 fracturas abiertas de la tibia, con una edad promedio de 31 años. Los accidentes de tránsito, en especial los relacionados con motocicletas constituyeron la etiología más frecuente. El 24% de las fracturas fueron de tipo I, otro 24%, de tipo II y 51%, de tipo III. La administración de un antimicrobiano se hizo dentro de las primeras 6 horas en 86% de los pacientes. El retardo en la consolidación de la fractura y el desarrollo de algún tipo de infección fueron las complicaciones más frecuentes (34,3%. Este estudio describe el tratamiento de las fracturas abiertas de la diáfisis tibial en el HUSVP y lo compara con el descrito en la literatura; el tratamiento inicial en cuanto a lavados, administración de antibióticos y estabilización de las fracturas fue muy similar al informado en otros estudios.

  4. National library associations: websites and electronic discussion ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    National library associations: websites and electronic discussion groups. ... Recommended improvements for websites include proper hosting services and URL registrations, promotion through links with weblogs, assistance in training webmasters, and encouragement so that they can network and share experiences.

  5. Dr. Irvin Yalom Discusses Group Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forester-Miller, Holly

    1989-01-01

    In this interview, Dr. Irvin Yalom, director of the Adult Psychiatry Clinic at Stanford University School of Medicine, discusses his beginnings as a group psychotherapist, current issues in group work, and the future of group work. (Author/TE)

  6. How To Discuss Sleep With Your Doctor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Share this page from the NHLBI on Twitter. How To Discuss Sleep With Your Doctor Doctors might not ... habits. Before you see the doctor, think about how to describe your problems, including: How often you have ...

  7. Investigation of Peer Discussions on Genetic Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna-Karin Westman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is an investigation on how students express their understanding of genetic concepts and their relations during peer discussions. Participants in this study were non-major students from a Swedish upper secondary school. Special attention was paid to how the groups treated the domain- specific vocabulary, how they expressed their understanding of reduction division and how they connected concepts from different biological organization levels. These subject areas have been reported as difficult for students in earlier studies. The results show discussions concerning the three subject areas and in the discussions the students help each other to make the meaning of the genetic concepts clear. The analysis is based on socio-cultural perspectives with focus on how the participants treated the genetic content from the previously presented subject areas in their discussions.

  8. Discussion Paper: Researchers and Open Science

    OpenAIRE

    Picarra, Mafalda

    2016-01-01

    This discussion paper introduces the concept of Open Science to policymakers and discusses how Open Science is fomenting change in the way scientific research is conducted, communicated, accessed and shared. The key highlights of this paper include an overview of the European Commission’s agenda for transforming science and democratising research through Open Science and considers the implications of Open Science for researchers’ and policymakers.

  9. Discussion of selected themes of life

    OpenAIRE

    Novak, Diana

    2012-01-01

    The master thesis discusses three selected themes of life (divorce, death and homosexual partnership) and how to deal those themes at school. The first part of the master thesis discusses family, themes of life (divorce, death and homosexual partnership), stress, cooperation between school and family and the sensibility of the mentioned themes. There is also presented a connection between selected themes of life and teaching contents from the first to the sixth grade in two school subjects: ...

  10. Bioecologia de crustáceos decápodos, braquiúros, no sistema baía-estuário de Santos e São Vicente, SP: 1. ocorrência e composição Bioecology of the brachyuran, decapod crustacean or the estuary-bay system of Santos and São Vicente, SP. Brazil: 1. occurrence and composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Plinio Soares Moreira

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available De junho de 1985 a maio de 1936, foi realizado um programa de pesquisa no complexo baia-estuário de Santos e São Vicente, SP. Para a obtenção do material foram utilizadas redes de arrasto de fundo, e de praia, além de armadilhas. As operações de pesca capturaram 14 espécies de decápodos brachiuros, por meio de arrastos de fundo; oito com os arrastos de praia; e cinco, no estuário, utilizando armadilhas iscadas, sendo, estas ultimas, todas pertencentes ao gênero Callinectes. Callinectes danae dominou nos três ambientes, seguidos por C. sapidus e Portunus spinimanus que também foram abundantes. O número de fêmeas foi superior ao de machos para as espécies dominantes e, em geral, esse número foi maior nas amostras da Baía do que nas de Praia e Estuário. O aumento da captura total nos meses de primavera-verão pode estar relacionado com temperaturas mais elevadas da água e com padrões reprodutivos apresentados pelas espécies. São apresentadas listas de ocorrência e abundância das espécies capturadas e de parâmetros hidrográficos e operações de pesca.The present work was developed from June 1985 to May 1986. Monthly sampling was performed in estuarine and coastal adjacent habitats. Samples were collected using bottom trawl, beach seine and bottom pots. Fourteen species (6,538 individuals of decapod brachyurans were identified, being Callinectes danae the most abundant in all habitats, followed by C. sapidus and Portunus spinimanus. Bottom trawling prove to be the more efficient fishing gear, caughting fourteen species, while beach seine caught eight species and estuarine catches, using bottom pots, were constituted by five species, all of them belonging to the genus Callinectes. The number of females was higher than males for all dominant species, and generally, this number was higher mainly at bay region than at beach and estuarine habitats. The growing of total catches during spring-summer months may be correlated with

  11. A Discussion of the Term Digital Tectonics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Ida Kristina; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning

    2006-01-01

    For almost twenty years, digital architecture of different themes and characters has been produced. Through this time it has become possible to develop new and geometrically free forms, as well as calculate and simulate different technical matters of future constructions using digital tools...... discussions of digital architecture, digital tectonics is a commonly occurring term, and in this article the focus will be on this particular term. The term of tectonics has been used by architectural theorists for several centuries, but through time there have been many different opinions on what the term...... contains. In this article the term tectonics will first be defined through analysing of different architectural theories, and thereafter the term will be discussed in relation to digital architecture. Through this discussion a comprehension of the terms of tectonics and digital architecture is reached...

  12. Why discuss spatial justice in urbanism studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rocco de Campos Pereira, R.C.

    2014-01-01

    It is very difficult to discuss the issue of spatial justice within the context of a country that enjoys so much of it. The Netherlands is probably one of the places in the world where the overarching objectives of spatial planning and design have been most fully attained: healthy, fairly

  13. Answer and discussion paediatric neuroimaging quiz case

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-30

    Jun 30, 2016 ... Dr Samuel Mannikam, Dr Thandi Buthelezi, Dr Philip Janse van Rensburg and Dr Ian. Haynes, however, the prize of R2000 was awarded to Dr Richard Busayo Ulatunji for the most inclusive answer. Answer and discussion paediatric neuroimaging quiz case. Read online: Scan this QR code with your.

  14. Analyzing online political discussions: Methodological considerations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vergeer, M.R.M.; Hermans, E.A.H.M.

    2008-01-01

    Online political discussions are thought to lead to more political engagement and empowerment of peripheral groups in society and thereby contributing to deliberative citizenship. Because people have increased opportunities to voice their political opinions and publish these for a potentially large

  15. School PE through Internet Discussion Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauritsalo, Kirsti; Sääkslahti, Arja; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena

    2015-01-01

    Background: Physical education is a subject that generates strong feelings and emotions, as can be seen in written accounts of PE experiences. It is also important to listen to students' voices in the research context. Nowadays, students can be listened to in a new way--through the Internet. Various discussion forums on the Internet make it…

  16. School Education | Discussion Meetings | Events | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    All the issues have no doubt been discussed before, but there was room for a different perspective on some of them, and even if we are not able to offer a different ... that deal with education policies seem to be meetings of people into the management of education rather than teachers who do actual classroom teaching.

  17. Theses "Discussion" Sections: A Structural Move Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nodoushan, Mohammad Ali Salmani; Khakbaz, Nafiseh

    2011-01-01

    The current study aimed at finding the probable differences between the move structure of Iranian MA graduates' thesis discussion subgenres and those of their non-Iranian counterparts, on the one hand, and those of journal paper authors, on the other. It also aimed at identifying the moves that are considered obligatory, conventional, or optional…

  18. Political discussions with family and friends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levinsen, Klaus; Yndigegn, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    Young people's engagement in political discussions with parents and friends represents a significant component of the political socialization process and can be seen as an activity where they learn some very basic democratic skills. Based on data from qualitative interviews and a questionnaire su...

  19. The Problem of Retraction in Critical Discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krabbe, Erik C. W.

    2001-01-01

    In many contexts a retraction of commitment is frowned upon. For instance, it is not appreciated, generally, if one withdraws a promise or denies an earlier statement. Critical discussion, too, can easily be disrupted by retractions, if these occur too frequently and at critical points. But on the

  20. Interaction in online interprofessional education case discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterston, Rosemary

    2011-07-01

    This study investigated online interaction within a curriculum unit at the University of Toronto, Canada that included an interprofessional case study discussion in a mixed-mode (face-to-face and online) format. Nine of the 81 teams that completed the four-day curriculum were selected for detailed review based on the attitudes students expressed on a survey about the value of collaborating online for enhancing their appreciation of other health care professions. Five of the teams selected were 'positive' and four were 'negative'. The responses to other survey items by members of these teams were then compared, as well as their message posting patterns and the content of their online discussions. Differences between the two sets were situated within a theoretical framework drawn from the contact theory, social interdependence theory, and the Community of Inquiry model. Institutional support in the form of facilitator involvement, individual predispositions to online and group learning, the group composition, the learning materials, task and assignment, and technical factors all affected the levels of participation online. Discourse and organizational techniques were identified that related to interactivity within the online discussions. These findings can help curriculum planners design interprofessional case studies that encourage the interactivity required for successful online discussions.

  1. Discussed Issues in Preventive Intervention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocak, Sakire

    2011-01-01

    The growing number of studies in the field of prevention science and related advancements in evidence based programs leads to some discussions about the fundamental issues such as efficacy, effectiveness, dissemination, adaptation, fidelity and continuity in recent years. In this article it is intended to report the common views of early childhood…

  2. Workplace Mobbing: A Discussion for Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecker, Thomas E.

    2007-01-01

    Workplace mobbing occurs in libraries but is usually unrecognized and unchecked because the phenomenon has not been described and given a name. This discussion provides the library profession with an overview but also with specific background details to assist with recognizing mobbing and preventing severe harm to employees and organizations.

  3. Developing algebraic thinking through group discussion | Fletcher ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explores the potential of group discussion in generating algebraic thinking among learners. Algebraic thinking, particularly the recognition and articulation of generality, is vital and ought to be within reach of all learners if they are to participate fully in society. Furthermore, generalisation, being fundamental to ...

  4. From Good to Great: Discussion Starter Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center on Great Teachers and Leaders, 2014

    2014-01-01

    In the report "From Good to Great: Exemplary Teachers Share Perspectives on Increasing Teacher Effectiveness across the Career Continuum," (See full report in ERIC at ED555657) National and State Teachers of the Year shared their views on what helped them become great teachers. This accompanying "Discussion Starter Tool" builds…

  5. Conflicting perspectives compromising discussions on cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Groarke, J

    2010-09-01

    Healthcare professionals, patients and their relatives are expected to discuss resuscitation together. This study aims to identify the differences in the knowledge base and understanding of these parties. Questionnaires examining knowledge and opinion on resuscitation matters were completed during interviews of randomly selected doctors, nurses and the general public. 70% doctors, 24% nurses and 0% of a public group correctly estimated survival to discharge following in-hospital resuscitation attempts. Deficiencies were identified in doctor and nurse knowledge of ethics governing resuscitation decisions. Public opinion often conflicts with ethical guidelines. Public understanding of the nature of cardiopulmonary arrests and resuscitation attempts; and of the implications of a \\'Do Not Attempt Resuscitation (DNAR)\\' order is poor. Television medical dramas are the primary source of resuscitation knowledge. Deficiencies in healthcare professionals\\' knowledge of resuscitation ethics and outcomes may compromise resuscitation decisions. Educational initiatives to address deficiencies are necessary. Parties involved in discussion on resuscitation do not share the same knowledge base reducing the likelihood of meaningful discussion. Public misapprehensions surrounding resuscitation must be identified and corrected during discussion.

  6. Sociolinguistic Transfer: A Classification and Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Leslie M.

    A discussion of the role of transfer of native-language knowledge to second language learning proposes that language transfer is as much a sociolinguistic process as a psycholinguistic one. The term "sociolinguistics" is used in a broad sense to incorporate all social factors that affect language, both the relatively static characteristics of an…

  7. Discussion Meetings | Events | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Discussion Meeting on School Education Auditorium, Raman Research Institute, 18 to 20 August 2017 ... Function and plasticity of adult brain. Orange County resort, 25 February 2001 to 28 February 2001. Participants: John Nicholls, Wesley Thompson, C. Michael Bate, Jonathan Bacon, Chun-Fang Wu, Eve Marder, Ken ...

  8. NPS Panel Discusses ISIS Expansion, Policy Options

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart, Kenneth A.

    2015-01-01

    The Naval Postgraduate School’s (NPS) Department of Defense Analysis, the Naval War College (NWC) Monterey, and the Global Education Community Collaboration Online (GlobalECCO) counter terrorism program recently hosted a panel discussion titled, “The Islamic State: Remaining and Expanding?” in Ingersoll Hall.

  9. QCD under extreme conditions: an informal discussion

    CERN Document Server

    Fraga, E.S.

    2015-05-22

    We present an informal discussion of some aspects of strong interactions un- der extreme conditions of temperature and density at an elementary level. This summarizes lectures delivered at the 2013 and 2015 CERN – Latin-American Schools of High-Energy Physics and is aimed at students working in experi- mental high-energy physics.

  10. Human Relations. Discussion Topics and Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Marilyn; And Others

    Designed primarily for students in the intermediate grades, this document provides discussion topics, poetry, and activities to help students: (1) recognize the uniqueness of themselves and others; (2) become aware of their uniqueness as members of the human family; (3) become aware of individual differences, emotions, and feelings; (4) recognize…

  11. Structural Changes in Online Discussion Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Yang; Medaglia, Rony

    2014-01-01

    Social networking platforms in China provide a hugely interesting and relevant source for understanding dynamics of online discussions in a unique socio-cultural and institutional environment. This paper investigates the evolution of patterns of similar-minded and different-minded interactions over...

  12. Maps of student discussions about sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindahl, Mats; Bruun, Jesper; Linder, Cedric

    We use a combination of network analysis (NA), text-mining (TM) techniques, and thematic discourse analysis (TDA) to characterise and compare student discussions about sustainable development. Three student groups at three different times were analysed. The analysis entails an iterative design...

  13. How to Facilitate Discussions in History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reisman, Abby

    2017-01-01

    In this article, Abby Reisman offers four instructional practices that educators can use to help students grapple with history's contradictions and engage in meaningful text-based discussions. Reisman details two suggestions that can be used in history classrooms and across the disciplines: orient students to one another and orient students to the…

  14. Promoting Discussion in Peer Instruction: Discussion Partner Assignment and Accountability Scoring Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Chih-Yueh; Lin, Pin-Hsun

    2015-01-01

    Peer instruction (PI) involves students answering questions and peer discussion learning activities. PI can enhance student performance and engagement in classroom instruction. However, some students do not engage in the discussions. This study proposes two mechanisms, discussion partner assignment and accountability scoring mechanisms, to form…

  15. DISCUSSING NURSING DIAGNOSIS APPLIED BY NURSING STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. H. Cavalcante

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Aimed to identify and discuss nursing diagnosis present in 50 Case Studies developed by students of graduation nursing of Federal University of Mato Grosso - Campus of Sinop, in a unit of clinical medical. Documentary research that addressed quantitatively the nursing diagnosis proposed using the Taxonomy II of NANDA-I (2009-2011. It was documented 82 different diagnosis, and covered all the 13 domains. The involvement of all the domains and the large variability of diagnoses identified suggested a possible holistic view of patient care and emphasized the individuality of the care plan. However, it may indicate an immaturity of these students, because often different diagnosis are related, and interventions set to one of these can solve the other, so opting for one avoids large health plans. Researchers and professors should conduct investigations and discussions to be identified teaching methods best suited to the teaching of the diagnostic process.

  16. Skilled Toy Train Discussions about Business Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Beuthel, Marie Rosa

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we show how industrialists in an innovation workshop employ tangible material – a toy train set – to innovate their business model. In multidisciplinary teams the process of co-creating new understandings is crucial for work to progress. Based on video data form this participatory i...... encouraging group discussion of the ‘customer journey’, it keeps both hands and mind busy, it allows silent participation, and it expands the vocabulary of the discussion....... innovation session, we investigate how participants get to new concepts through analysing their skilled behaviours, movements, actions and negotiations. We observe that the final result of the workshop is indeed innovative and is co-constructed by all group members. We show why the toy train works: While...

  17. Restorative culture in school. Continuation of discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Pentin

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the lack of effective ways of building relationships, parenting responsibility and conflict solving in the school community. It is addressed to the whole school community – to the administration, psychologists and social workers, to the faculty, parents and students. We discuss the key concepts and principles of “restorative culture” and the reasons for its introduction in educational institutions. The restorative culture refers to activities on formation and spread of interpersonal relations value in the aspect of its understanding, trust, acceptance of active responsibility, separation of problems and subjects, and focus on the successful experience. We briefly discuss the theory of restorative justice and narrative practice. Particular attention is paid to the typical methods of school response to conflicts, and to zero-tolerance policy. We propose that the school community needs a number of specific technologies that would optimally suit for different types of situations and would constitute a part of the system

  18. CERN in discussions with its neighbours

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    CERN recently invited local partners, elected representatives, and representatives of local administrations and associations to an information and discussion evening, giving those invited an opportunity to raise various topics linked to CERN’s presence in the local area. On Tuesday, 20 October the Globe of Science and Innovation took on a distinctly regional flavour when some 60 representatives of local administrations and public bodies in Switzerland and France as well as teachers, heads of local schools and chairs of local associations attended an information and discussion evening at the invitation of the Director-General. In his opening address, the Director-General underlined CERN’s commitment to transparency and the desire to enhance its communication with the local community. This address was followed by four presentations. Philippe Bloch, head of the Physics Department, explained the scientific goals of the LHC and the L...

  19. Shaping virtual companies: a brief discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Yousef Ibrahim Daradkeh; Postica. Doru; Luis. B. Gouveia

    2016-01-01

    This work proposes to discuss the emerging virtual enterprise and information management as being two combined issues that requires attention within a knowledge based economy context. We defend that he virtual enterprise as regarded from both the management level and the executive level, must incorporate proficient software and hardware in order to provide the best digital support possible. Also, the virtual company as it is presented and understood, is in fact a transitional form towards a b...

  20. Best Friends’ Discussions of Social Dilemmas

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Kristina L.; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H.

    2013-01-01

    Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad...

  1. Discussing three pillars of corporate governance

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei STĂNCULESCU; Eugen MITRICĂ

    2015-01-01

    This paper is a meaningful attempt to critically analyze the cohesion and relationship between three fundamental pillars of the corporate governance system: the shareholders, the board of directors and the employees. We present the characteristics of each pillar and discuss its relevance in corporate governance. A couple of world-renowned corporate governance models are considered. A synthetic conclusion is drawn based on information presented.

  2. Finding Malicious Cyber Discussions in Social Media

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-02

    can post information using news feeds or forums that only contain a small percent- age of cyber content. A more efficient and effective approach we...moderated set of forums with main topics called sub-Reddit and many indi - vidual threads or discussions under each topic. Twitter data consist of short...buy, cell, chip, chord, circuit, clock, credit, current, datasheet, design, electron, film , frac, frequency, fund, graph, hi, invest, microcontroller

  3. Intertextuality in Text-based Discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidah Mohd Ismail

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available One  of  the  main  issues  often  discussed  among  academics  is  how  to  encourage  active participation by students during classroom discussions. This applies particularly to students at the tertiary level who are expected to possess creative and critical thinking skills. Hence, this paper reports on a study that examined how these skills were demonstrated by a group of university students  who  employed  intertextual  links  during  a  follow-up  reading  activity involving  small-group  text  discussions.  Thirty  undergraduates  who  were  in  their  fifth semester of a TESL degree programme were prescribed reading texts consisting of two chapters taken  from  a  book.  Findings  reveal  that  intertextual  links  made  during  text discussions created successfully a “collaborative environment” where beliefs and values were shared judicially among participants. Pedagogical implications for ESL classroom practice include  heightening  the  awareness  amongst  academics  and  students  of  the  role  of intertextuality in order to promote students’ use of their critical and creative thinking skills in a supportive classroom environment.

  4. Islamophobia? The German Discussion about Islamophobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Bötticher

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Islamophobia is a term which is relatively new in the world of social science; it is a neologism. Kofi Annan has warned about it but there is not a clear, undoubted concept to it yet – and it is questionable if there ever will be, especially if one looks into the German controversy about the term. The German discussion is not unique though, and must fall into the pattern of wider, European discussion about the Islamic minority. Prominent figures of Islamic hatred in Europe are for instance Oriana Fallaci and Brigitte Bardot. Against them, there stands a more liberal community that does not want to follow the language of violence and hatred. Two different standpoints are the main poles of discussion. One group wants to use Islamophobia as a concept, the other group opposes the term. In between, there is the scientific concept of Islamophobia that is threatened to be pulverized before it is even fully conceptualized. In the middle position there are also intellectuals known as Islamic reformers who argue that Islamophobia should be replaced by the term Islam-critique.

  5. 754-IJBCS-Article-Vicent Y. Eziah

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    other vegetables all year round. These farms are over 4 acres large but the area used for the study was limited to 1 acre. Insect pests were controlled in these farms using conventional insecticides such Fipronil®, Indoxacarb,. Regent®, spinosad®. The DaC site was an unsprayed field of cabbages, cropped all year round.

  6. Case-based discussion: perceptions of feedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanaruban, Aruchuna; Flanders, Lucy; Rees, Huw

    2017-04-12

    Over recent years there has been a trend towards developing high-quality assessments to assess a doctor's performance in the workplace. Case-based discussion (CbD) is a form of workplace-based assessment that has the potential to provide feedback to trainees on their performance or management of a specific case. The aim of this study was to explore how CbDs are perceived and implemented in practice amongst a UK cohort of medical trainees. This study involved 78 medical trainees at a UK hospital completing a questionnaire rating their last CbD experience, including the duration spent receiving feedback, whether it was pre-planned or ad hoc and how they responded to the feedback received. Focus groups were conducted involving 12 trainees to discuss common themes on feedback arising from the questionnaire, and thematic analysis was carried out following these discussions. Only 19 per cent of assessments were pre-planned and the average duration of assessments was 6-10 minutes, with feedback lasting less than 5 minutes. A total of 76 per cent of trainees responded to the feedback they received by completing self-directed learning or by addressing the specific action points arising from the feedback. The focus groups highlighted the barriers to incorporating these assessments into everyday practice, including appreciating the time constraints and the importance of trainer engagement in the assessment process. The aim of this study was to explore how CbDs are perceived and implemented in practice CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that most trainees appreciate the educational value of CbDs, but more emphasis and training is required in planning these assessments and in providing feedback that is both specific and actionable. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and The Association for the Study of Medical Education.

  7. Rhinoplasty across Latin America: case discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobo, Roxana; Montes, Jose Juan; Patrocinio, Lucas G; Pedroza, Fernando; Patrocinio, Jose A

    2013-06-01

    A presentation of four different rhinoplasty cases performed by four different surgeons in Latin America is presented. For each case, presurgical photographs and discussion of the patient are presented. Intrasurgical photographs and description of surgical techniques employed as well as postsurgical pictures are included for each case. This will give readers the opportunity of seeing how different surgical techniques can be used effectively in treating patients of mixed races with good cosmetic long-term results. Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

  8. Accelerating Cleanup: Focus on 2006. Discussion draft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1997-06-01

    This executive summary addresses the activities associated with the National Transuranic (TRU) Program managed by the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO). The CAO programmatically reports to the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management and receives administrative support through the Albuquerque Operations Office. The mission of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) is to protect human health and the environment by opening and operating the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for site disposal of TRU waste and by establishing an effective system for management of TRU waste from generation to disposal. It includes personnel assigned to the CAO, the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site operations, and other activities associated with the National TRU Program. The CAO develops and directs implementation of the program, while the DOE Headquarters establishes policy and guidelines. The CAO assesses compliance with the program guidance, as well as the commonality of activities and assumptions among all the sites. Since the development of the February 28, 1997, database used to develop this Discussion Draft, the opening of the WIPP facility for receipt of Contact Handled waste has been delayed from November 1997 to May 1998. This slippage is significant enough to require a change in the milestones and volumes included in the documents to be reviewed by our stakeholders. Changes have been incorporated into this Discussion Draft and its supporting Project Baseline Summaries (PBSs).

  9. Student decision making in large group discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ptak, Corey; Sayre, Eleanor C.; Franklin, Scott V.

    2015-04-01

    It is increasingly common in physics classes for students to work together to solve problems and perform laboratory experiments. When students work together, they need to negotiate the roles and decision making within the group. We examine how a large group of students negotiates authority as part of their two week summer College Readiness Program at Rochester Institute of Technology. The program is designed to develop metacognitive skills in first generation and Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) STEM undergraduates through cooperative group work, laboratory experimentation, and explicit reflection exercises. On the first full day of the program, the students collaboratively developed a sign for the word ``metacognition'' for which there is not a sign in American Sign Language. This presentation will focus on three aspects of the ensuing discussion: (1) how the instructor communicated expectations about decision making; (2) how the instructor promoted student-driven decision making rather than instructor-driven policy; and (3) one student's shifts in decision making behavior. We conclude by discussing implications of this research for activity-based physics instruction.

  10. Best friends' discussions of social dilemmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Kristina L; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H

    2014-02-01

    Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents' social and moral development.

  11. Best Friends’ Discussions of Social Dilemmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Kristina L.; Malti, Tina; Killen, Melanie; Rubin, Kenneth H.

    2013-01-01

    Peer relationships, particularly friendships, have been theorized to contribute to how children and adolescents think about social and moral issues. The current study examined how young adolescent best friends (191 dyads; 53.4% female) reason together about multifaceted social dilemmas and how their reasoning is related to friendship quality. Mutually-recognized friendship dyads were videotaped discussing dilemmas entailing moral, social-conventional and prudential/pragmatic issues. Both dyad members completed a self-report measure of friendship quality. Dyadic data analyses guided by the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model indicated that adolescent and friend's reports of friendship qualities were related to the forms of reasoning used during discussion. Friends who both reported that they could resolve conflicts in a constructive way were more likely to use moral reasoning than friends who reported that their conflict resolution was poor or disagreed on the quality of their conflict resolution. The findings provide evidence for the important role that friendship interaction may play in adolescents’ social and moral development. PMID:23666555

  12. Brain plasticity, memory, and aging: a discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, E.L.; Rosenzweig, M.R.

    1977-12-01

    It is generally assumed that memory faculties decline with age. A discussion of the relationship of memory and aging and the possibility of retarding the potential decline is hampered by the fact that no satisfactory explanation of memory is available in either molecular or anatomical terms. However, this lack of description of memory does not mean that there is a lack of suggested mechanisms for long-term memory storage. Present theories of memory usually include first, neurophysiological or electrical events, followed by a series of chemical events which ultimately lead to long-lasting anatomical changes in the brain. Evidence is increasing for the biochemical and anatomical plasticity of the nervous system and its importance in the normal functioning of the brain. Modification of this plasticity may be an important factor in senescence. This discussion reports experiments which indicate that protein synthesis and anatomical changes may be involved in long-term memory storage. Environmental influences can produce quantitative differences in brain anatomy and in behavior. In experimental animals, enriched environments lead to more complex anatomical patterns than do colony or impoverished environments. This raises fundamental questions about the adequacy of the isolated animal which is frequently being used as a model for aging research. A more important applied question is the role of social and intellectual stimulation in influencing aging of the human brain.

  13. La utilización de la técnica didáctica de la dramatización en el aprendizaje significativo de la cátedra de Estudios Sociales para los novenos cursos EGB de la Unidad Educativa San Vicente de Paúl de la ciudad de Riobamba en el período 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila Rivas, Zonia Lucía

    2015-01-01

    1. Revisión de la literatura.-- 2. Problema de investigación.-- 3. Metodología.-- 4. Diseño de la propuesta didáctica de la dramatización.-- 5. Análisis de resultados.-- 6. Concluisones y Recomendaciones Este trabajo está basado en la investigación, análisis y aplicación de la Técnica Didáctica de la Dramatización en los novenos años de EGB de la Unidad Educativa ?San Vicente de Paúl?, esta técnica pertenece a la clasificación de tipo Aprendizaje Colaborativo (AC). El objetivo de esta inve...

  14. Panel discussion: Gas emissions with diesel efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cole, J. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The second of three papers in the panel discussion outlined the characteristics of spark-ignited natural gas (SING) engines. Currently, the SING engine is considered less efficient than a diesel engine because of the reduced compression ratio, the use of air-throttles, retarded ignition for low NOx, and increased heat transfer. To improve upon these characteristics and to make the SING engine equal to, or even surpass the diesel engine in efficiency, more research work needs to be done on advanced controls. These include (knock, misfire, humidity detection), various ignition enhancements (variable energy/gap plug, long-life plug, laser ignition), and possibly camless operation (cylinder deactivation, throttleless operation). The late-cycle High Pressure Gas Injection (LaCHIP) as an alternate means of improving the efficiency of natural gas engines was also described.

  15. Discussion of Muskingum method parameter X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Xiaofang

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The parameter X of the Muskingum method is a physical parameter that reflects the flood peak attenuation and hydrograph shape flattening of a diffusion wave in motion. In this paper, the historic process that hydrologists have undergone to find a physical explanation of this parameter is briefly discussed. Based on the fact that the Muskingum method is the second-order accuracy difference solution to the diffusion wave equation, its numerical stability condition is analyzed, and a conclusion is drawn: X ≤ 0.5 is the uniform condition satisfying the demands for its physical meaning and numerical stability. It is also pointed out that the methods that regard the sum of squares of differences between the calculated and observed discharges or stages as the objective function and the routing coefficients C0, C1 and C2 of the Muskingum method as the optimization parameters cannot guarantee the physical meaning of X.

  16. Helping business english learners improve discussion skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Lucia Uribe Enciso

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Developing discussion skills is a central task in Business English (BE, as doing business involves negotiating meaning and persuasivepower in order to realize one’s transactional intentions. A group of BE learners in Colombia did not recognize L2 verbal and non-verbal turnyieldingconventions, nor did they know how to interrupt or to deal with interruptions successfully. Additionally, they did not know how to dealwith backchannels. Consequently, some classroom activities were aimed at helping learners notice how spoken communication devices workin different cultures, using mechanisms to signpost their turn and deal with unexpected interruptions, and becoming familiar with backchannels.After eight three-hour lessons learners became more sensitive to spoken discourse elements and expanded their gambits and backchannelsrepertoire.

  17. Is rational discussion of open access possible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rick Anderson

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Open Access (OA, like any other model or strategy for the dissemination of knowledge, carries with it clear benefits as well as costs and downsides. These vary depending on the OA strategy in question, and in order for OA to bring maximum benefit to the world of scholarship, its costs and benefits need be examined carefully and dispassionately so that the former can be maximized and the latter minimized. Unfortunately, the OA advocacy community tends to resist all attempts to examine OA in this way, to the point that those who approach OA in a spirit of critical analysis (rather than celebration and evangelism are attacked and punished. This article describes the problem, provides examples of it, and proposes strategies for promoting a more rigorous and analytical discussion of OA.

  18. Transgenerational epigenetic inheritance: an open discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Corina; Turecki, Gustavo

    2015-08-01

    Much controversy surrounds the idea of transgenerational epigenetics. Recent papers argue that epigenetic marks acquired through experience are passed to offspring, but as in much of the field of epigenetics, there is lack of precision in the definitions and perhaps too much eagerness to translate animal research to humans. Here, we review operational definitions of transgenerational inheritance and the processes of epigenetic programing during early development. Subsequently, based on this background, we critically examine some recent findings of studies investigating transgenerational inheritance. Finally, we discuss possible mechanisms that may explain transgenerational inheritance, including transmission of an epigenetic blueprint, which may predispose offspring to specific epigenetic patterning. Taken together, we conclude that presently, the evidence suggesting that acquired epigenetic marks are passed to the subsequent generation remains limited.

  19. Avoiding the Theory Trap When Discussing Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, David

    2006-02-01

    Public opinion polls tell us that we are losing the battle to explain the nature of evolution and its central role in science. One problem, I believe, is letting the opponents of evolution frame the discussion to our disadvantage. Framing involves the selective use of language or context to trigger responses, either support or opposition. As a prime example, we undercut our communications efforts with many nonscientists by defending the `theory of evolution.' Theory is the wrong word to use in addressing the public. In the contemporary U.S., theory means a hunch or idea that has not been established by evidence. It is thus no surprise that polls show that nearly three quarters of U.S. people think that ``evolution is commonly referred to as the theory of evolution because it has not yet been proven scientifically.'' Those who advocate adding ``only a theory'' disclaimers in textbooks know that to call evolution a theory is sufficient to undermine its acceptance.

  20. Faraday Discussions meeting Catalysis for Fuels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Nico; Kondrat, Simon A; Shozi, Mzamo

    2017-05-02

    Welcome to Africa was the motto when after more than 100 years the flag ship conference series of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Faraday Discussions was hosted for the first time on the African Continent. Under the fitting topic 'Catalysis for Fuels' over 120 delegates followed the invitation by the conference chair Prof. Graham Hutchings FRS (Cardiff Catalysis Institute), his organizing committee and the co-organizing DST-NRF Centre of Excellence in Catalysis c*change (). In the presentations of 21 invited speakers and 59 posters, cutting edge research in the field of catalysis for fuels, designing new catalysts for synthetic fuels, hydrocarbon conversion in the production of synthetic fuels and novel photocatalysis was presented over the two-day meeting. The scene was set by the opening lecture of Prof. Enrique Iglesias (UC Berkeley) and wrapped-up with the concluding remarks by Philip Gibson (SASOL).

  1. Global interprofessional perioperative education: discussing the reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Paul R

    2008-09-01

    Many countries of the world have outlined clearly defined and distinct roles, for the perioperative environment, that are played by various individuals from a range of professions. Each of these professions tends to educate its practitioners in an environment that is almost completely isolated from the other perioperative professions and from its peers in other countries. One can only, currently, imagine the potential benefits to be gained from the sharing of educational and clinical experience between countries and between nursing and non-nursing perioperative team members, for both patient and the entire perioperative team. If such a level of sharing existed then the entire global perioperative community would benefit. The transfer of education and clinical practice, however, between countries needs careful thought. Many educational and professional disciplines have conducted research into ways of transferring/borrowing good practice between established systems and those just commencing similar practices. Perioperative practice needs a similar research base that has explored the dilemmas of transfer and borrowing between countries. It is important to determine what information should be shared, in the best interest of the patients, what sharing is affordable, and what method of sharing will fit in to an overall, global, strategy for perioperative practice. This paper seeks to use a recent example of multi-professional perioperative learning undertaken by Advanced Scrub Practitioners to provide a possible first glance in to the "crystal ball" of future practice. The aim of the discussion is to stimulate further discussion and effective research that, if carried out correctly, will seek to encourage interprofessional and international co-operation between perioperative professionals worldwide.

  2. WTC. A discussion on built space regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Mihăilă

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Before 9/11 WTC was an international landmark. The definition of the two high-rise buildings identity, their tourist, social, visual and economic significance, disappeared with the destruction of their materiality. As a result, the contemplative visual and unwritten discourse of the Lower Manhattan disappeared together with the architectural, urban, technological essence and also with the philosophy of stability and equilibrium of a prosperous society. At the social-mental level this event triggers a crisis in personal and collective consciences (of the American Nation but also of the Nations, and a crisis of humanity. The architectural - urban and ideas competition organized to select the best urban-social-architectural concept proved to be a difficult task. Not only it had to “fill” a particular place on earth, but it also needed to configure a philosophy of place that would ‘heal” the wounds of the local and international communities, namely the lack of security and prosperity brought on by a no longer hidden technology of aggression bringing cities and communities under threats never experienced before at times of peace. In its first part the article discusses the competition, proposals and the finalized urban project. The particular challenges related to the selection of design in the case of WTC are doubled by a certain complexity related to the institutional arrangements common to most large urban development projects. It is also clear that there is interdependency between the project governance and the project results. These aspects are discussed in the second part of the article.

  3. Literature Discussion Groups: The Role of Teacher Talk in Discussing Social Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guay, Mary

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how teacher talk influenced the way issues of race, culture, and disability were addressed in literature discussion groups. Discussions of one teacher with two groups of students, of varying reading levels, were studied. The research questions were: 1) How does the teacher's perspective on the students…

  4. SU-A-BRA-05: Panel Discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Montemayor, V. [Germantown Academy (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings. The momentum established by these workshops is made clear each year in the annual Innovation in Medical Physics Education session, which highlights work being done in all forms of medical physics education, from one-on-one residencies or classroom presentations to large-scale program revisions and on-line resources for international audiences. This symposium, presented on behalf of the Education Council, highlights the work of three finalists from past Innovation in Education sessions. Each will be presenting their approaches to and innovations in teaching medical physics. It is hoped that audience members interested in trying something new in their teaching of medical physics will find some of these ideas and approaches readily applicable to their own classrooms. Rebecca Howell - The presentation will discuss ways to maximize classroom learning, i.e., increasing the amount of material covered while also enhancing students’ understanding of the broader implications of the course topics. Specifically, the presentation will focus on two teaching methodologies, project based learning and flip learning. These teaching methods will be illustrated using an example of graduate medical physics course where both are used in conjunction with traditional lectures. Additionally, the presentation will focus on our experience implementing these methods including challenges that were overcome. Jay Burmeister - My presentation will discuss the incorporation of active

  5. A discussion of numerical subduction initiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buiter, Susanne; Ellis, Susan

    2016-04-01

    if subduction can numerically initiate. However, once a setup has been found that successfully initiates subduction, a small change in either rheology or geometry can again lead to subduction initiation failure. We will discuss subduction setups that have been known to fail and how to avoid them, thus potentially leading to successful recipes for numerical subduction initiation. A further point we will discuss is how the geometry of weak zones and pre-existing slabs that are used to initiate a subduction model can impact subsequent subduction style and velocity. For example, using simple linear viscous subduction models we find that initiation along shallow initial pre-existing weak zones and/or pre-existing slabs results in shallow, forward dipping slabs, whereas steep initial dip angles lead to steep slab dips and an overturned slab.

  6. Expert Discussion on Taking a Spiritual History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paal, Piret; Frick, Eckhard; Roser, Traugott; Jobin, Guy

    2017-01-01

    This article elaborates on the hazards of spiritual history taking. It provides expert insights to consider before entering the field. In summer 2012, a group of spiritual care experts were invited to discuss the complexity of taking spiritual histories in a manner of hermeneutic circle. Thematic analysis was applied to define the emerging themes. The results demonstrate that taking a spiritual history is a complex and challenging task, requiring a number of personal qualities of the interviewer, such as 'being present', 'not only hearing, but listening', 'understanding the message beyond the words uttered', and 'picking up the words to respond'. To 'establish a link of sharing', the interviewer is expected 'to go beyond the ethical stance of neutrality'. The latter may cause several dilemmas, such as 'fear of causing more problems', 'not daring to take it further', and above all, 'being ambivalent about one's role'. Interviewer has to be careful in terms of the 'patient's vulnerability'. To avoid causing harm, it is essential to propose 'a follow-up contract' that allows responding to 'patient's yearning for genuine care'. These findings combined with available literature suggest that the quality of spiritual history taking will remain poor unless the health-care professionals revise the meaning of spirituality and the art of caring on individual level.

  7. Discussion on ``Foundations of the Second Law''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silbey, Robert; Ao, Ping; Beretta, Gian Paolo; Cengel, Yunus; Foley, Andrew; Freedman, Steven; Graeff, Roderich; Keck, James C.; Lloyd, Seth; Maroney, Owen; Nieuwenhuizen, Theodorus M.; Weissman, Michael

    2008-08-01

    This article reports an open discussion that took place during the Keenan Symposium "Meeting the Entropy Challenge" (held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on October 4, 2007) following the short presentations—each reported as a separate article in the present volume—by Seth Lloyd, Owen Maroney, Silviu Guiasu, Ping Ao, Jochen Gemmer, Bernard Guy, Gian Paolo Beretta, Speranta Gheorghiu-Svirschevski, and Dorion Sagan. All panelists and the audience were asked to address the following questions • Why is the second law true? Is it an inviolable law of nature? If not, is it possible to develop a perpetual motion machine of the second kind? • Are second law limitations objective or subjective, real or apparent, due to the nature of physical states or the representation and manipulation of information? Is entropy a physical property in the same sense as energy is universally understood to be an intrinsic property of matter? • Does the second law conflict with quantum mechanics? Are the differences between mechanical and thermodynamic descriptions of physical phenomena reconcilable? Does the reversible law of motion of hamiltonian mechanics and quantum mechanics conflict with the empirical observation of irreversible phenomena?

  8. ECONOMICS OF HAPPINESS: CURRENT RESEARCH AND DISCUSSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chinakova N. V.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the origin and development of the «economics of happiness», exploring how the subjective well-being depends on the income level. The paper presents various ways to measure of subjective well-being, the laws and relationships identified through an analysis opinion polls, presented the main conclusions obtained by different research teams. The centerpiece of the article covers the analysis of the debate around the Easterlin’s happiness-income paradox. The main purpose of the paper is to designate questions and discussion of current research topics in «economics of happiness», to identify gaps in approaches to research that gave rise to the debate around the happiness-income paradox. The main result is the identification of differences in the approaches to research that lead different groups of scientists to contradictory conclusions about the happiness-income relationship in the long term. The result can be used both in educational process and in research and development.

  9. [Discussion on twirling reinforcing-reducing method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Te-Li

    2014-01-01

    The essence of twirling reinforcing-reducing method is discussed to provide theoretical guidance for clinical application of reinforcing-reducing method. Through retrospection on historical literature of twirling reinforcing-reducing method, records and explanatory notes are thoroughly explored. Several existing opinions are analyzed and explained for instance twirling method has connection with circulation direction of channels; twirling method is subdivided into right and left, male and female, hand and foot; twriling method is related to quantity of stimulus and operation time; twriling method belongs to spiral motion and so on. As a result, it is found that the key of twirling reinforcing-reducing method is the posture of needle-holding hand that defines three-dimensional motion. If twirling method is subdivided into right and left, male and female, hand and foot and so on, steric effects of lifting-thrusting movement that come along with twirling method could be ignored at the same time. It is that the essence of twirling reinforcing-reducing method is close to the principle of lifting-thrusting reinforcing-reducing method, enriching effect with slow insertion and fast withdrawal of needle while reducing effect with fast insertion and slow withdrawal, which is recorded in Miraculous Pivot: Nine needle and Twelve Yuan. With this principle as guide, manipulation could be avoided to become a mere formality and illusory metaphysics during clinical application of twirling reinforcing-reducing method.

  10. Assessing clinical competency: reports from discussion groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnwald, Grant; Stone, Elizabeth; Bristol, David; Fuentealba, Carmen; Hardie, Lizette; Hellyer, Peter; Jaeger, Laurie; Kerwin, Sharon; Kochevar, Deborah; Lissemore, Kerry; Olsen, Christopher; Rogers, Kenita; Sabin, Beth; Swanson, Cliff; Warner, Angeline

    2008-01-01

    This report describes proposed new models for assessment of eight of the nine clinical competencies the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education requires for accreditation. The models were developed by discussion groups at the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges' Clinical Competency Symposium. Clinical competencies and proposed models (in parentheses) are described. Competency 1: comprehensive patient diagnosis (neurologic examination on a dog, clinical reasoning skills); Competency 2: comprehensive treatment planning (concept mapping, computerized case studies); Competency 3: anesthesia, pain management (student portfolio); Competency 4: surgery skills (objective structured clinical examination, cased-based examination, "super dog" model); Competency 5: medicine skills (clinical reasoning and case management, skills checklist); Competency 6: emergency and intensive care case management (computerized case study or scenario); Competency 7: health promotion, disease prevention/biosecurity (360 degrees evaluation, case-based computer simulation); Competency 8: client communications and ethical conduct (Web-based evaluation forms, client survey, communicating with stakeholders, telephone conversation, written scenario-based cases). The report also describes faculty recognition for participating in clinical competency assessments.

  11. Indigenous healing practice: ayahuasca. Opening a discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prue, Robert; Voss, Richard W

    2014-01-01

    This essay frames an invitation to pastoral counselors and pastoral theologians to examine connections and perhaps interactions between themselves and traditional shamanic healers who use ayahuasca in their healing ceremonies. Indigenous people in South America have used ayahuasca for centuries, and the ritual has become common among the mestizo populations in urban areas of the Amazon, particularly as a curing ritual for drug addiction (Dobkin de Rios, 1970; Moir, 1998). Like peyote in the United States (Calabrese, 1997) ayahuasca use amongst the indigenous people of the Amazon is a form of cultural psychiatry. A review of the literature reveals very little commentary or discussion of shamanic practice in Pastoral Counseling (Pastoral Theology). The scant literature identifies an antithetical relationship at best. The current authors wonder about the possibility of to including shamanic practices in the context of pastoral counseling? This essay seeks to provide some basic information about the ritual use of ayahuasca and to offer a rationale for pastoral counselors to engage in a dialogue about its utility.

  12. Traditional Chinese medicine information digitalization discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Qi; Cui, Meng; Wu, Zhen-Dou; Zhao, Hong

    2010-11-01

    With the rapid development of information science, the ancient Traditional Chinese Medicine is combining with it rapidly, and forming a new discipline: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Informatics. TCM information digitalization is the process of digital processing, which uses modern information technology to obtain, process, store, and analyze TCM-related data, information, and knowledge. It gathers research, application development, and service in an integrated whole. This article systematically analyzes the key research issues of TCM informatics (e.g., on data resources, data standard, data system construction). Also, the methodology and technology of TCM information digitalization research are thoroughly discussed. The starting point of the research on traditional Chinese medical information digitalization was in question. The research from the current study research was drawn from collected information that was stored, transferred, and utilized. This process helped to place an emphasis on the topic, as well as extending its research areas. In addition, an innovative TCM information virtual study center was set up to support a great deal of fundamental work.

  13. Improving Discussion in Astronomy Courses Taught Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troischt, Parker

    2017-06-01

    Astronomy courses that are either hybrid in nature or offered in a completely online format are becoming more common at colleges and universities. In particular, faculty members at small colleges are being encouraged to develop courses that can be taught online in order to give students increased flexibility in scheduling classes and reach a separate population of learners. For instructors accustomed to teaching students in person using plenty of interaction, making the switch to teaching even one online course a year can be challenging. However, some topics are developing so rapidly (exoplanets) that it is difficult to imagine having students rely on a standard textbook at all, and the use of online resources become essential. Here, we describe methods used to promote discussion, evaluate its content and effectively incorporate the use of recently released articles in order to keep students engaged. We present efforts to produce a lively classroom atmosphere centered on recent advances and several debated topics. Lastly, we report on successes, challenges and plans for improving online courses in the future.

  14. Use of global context for handling noisy names in discussion texts of a homeopathy discussion forum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukta Majumder

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The task of identifying named entities from the discussion texts in Web forums faces the challenge of noisy names. As the names are often misspelled or abbreviated, the conventional techniques have failed to detect the noisy names properly. In this paper we propose a global context based framework for handling the noisy names. The framework is tested on a named entity recognition system designed to identify the names from the discussion texts in a homeopathy diagnosis discussion forum. The proposed global context-based framework is found to be effective in improving the accuracy of the named entity recognition system.

  15. Bioethics and multiculturalism: nuancing the discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durante, Chris

    2018-02-01

    In his recent analysis of multiculturalism, Tom Beauchamp has argued that those who implement multicultural reasoning in their arguments against common morality theories, such as his own, have failed to understand that multiculturalism is neither a form of moral pluralism nor ethical relativism but is rather a universalistic moral theory in its own right. Beauchamp's position is indeed on the right track in that multiculturalists do not consider themselves ethical relativists. Yet, Beauchamp tends to miss the mark when he argues that multiculturalism is in effect a school of thought that endorses a form of moral universalism that is akin to his own vision of a common morality. As a supporter of multiculturalism, I would like to discuss some aspects of Beauchamp's comments on multiculturalism and clarify what a multicultural account of public bioethics might look like. Ultimately, multiculturalism is purported as a means of managing diversity in the public arena and should not be thought of as endorsing either a version of moral relativism or a universal morality. By simultaneously refraining from the promotion of a comprehensive common moral system while it attempts to avoid a collapse into relativism, multiculturalism can serve as the ethico-political framework in which diverse moralities can be managed and in which opportunities for ethical dialogue, debate and deliberation on the prospects of common bioethical norms are made possible. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  16. Proxies and consent discussions for dementia research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Jeremy; Roter, Debra; Cain, Carole; Wallace, Roberta; Schmechel, Don; Welsh-Bohmer, Kathleen A

    2007-04-01

    To better understand the nature of informed consent encounters for research involving patients with dementia that requires proxy consent. Audiotaping of informed-consent encounters for a study of genetic markers for sporadic Alzheimer's disease. Outpatients at an Alzheimer's disease research center. Patients with dementia and their companions. Audiotapes were analyzed to characterize communication style and coverage of the standard elements of informed consent and, using the Roter Interaction Analysis System, to capture the dynamics of three-way interaction between the patient, their companion, and the physician investigator. Of 26 informed consent encounters, all involved a patient, a companion, and a physician. Patients had a mean Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 21.8. For patients, 49% of their interactions involved agreement and approval (positive statements), 16% psychosocial information, 7% biomedical information, 7% asking questions, and 7% expressing emotion. Companion interactions involved 37% positive statements and 19% biomedical information. Physician interactions involved emotional expressiveness (30%) and positive statements (19%). Discussion length was positively related to MMSE score (Spearman rho=0.45; Pinformed consent was fairly comprehensive and had no relationship to patients' MMSE scores. These data should inform policies regarding the ethically appropriate ways of conducting research with cognitively impaired adults. For example, patients in this study were more silent than their companions and the physician, but when patients spoke, they primarily agreed with what was said. Although this might first seem to signal assent, such an interpretation should be made with caution for persons with dementia. In addition, previous work on informed consent has focused on its cognitive aspects, but these data reveal that the emotional and social dimensions warrant attention.

  17. Do randomized controlled trials discuss healthcare costs?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Michael Allan

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs, particularly pharmaceutical costs, are a dominant issue for most healthcare organizations, but it is unclear if randomized controlled trials (RCTs routinely discuss costs. Our objective was to assess the frequency and factors associated with the inclusion of costs in RCTs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We randomly sampled 188 RCTs spanning three years (2003-2005 from six high impact journals. The sample size for RCTs was based on a calculation to estimate the inclusion of actual drug costs with a precision of +/-3%. Two reviewers independently extracted cost data and study characteristics. Frequencies were calculated and potential characteristics associated with the inclusion of costs were explored. Actual drug costs were included in 4.7% (9/188 of RCTs; any actual costs were included in 7.4% (14/188 of RCTs; and any mention of costs was included in 27.7% (52/188 of RCTs. As the amount of industry funding increased across RCTs, from non-profit to mixed to fully industry funded RCTs, there was a statistically significant reduction in the number of RCTs with any actual costs (Cochran-Armitage test, p = 0.005 and any mention of costs (Cochran-Armitage test, p = 0.02. Logistic regression analysis also indicated funding was associated with the inclusion of any actual cost (OR = 0.34, p = 0.009 or any mention of costs (OR = 0.63, p = 0.02. Journal, study conclusions, study location, primary author's country and product age were not associated with inclusion of cost information. CONCLUSION: While physicians are encouraged to consider costs when prescribing drugs for their patients, actual drug costs were provided in only 5% of RCTs and were not mentioned at all in 72% of RCTs. Industry funded trials were less likely to include cost information. No other factors were associated with the inclusion of cost information.

  18. Características clínicas y videofluoroscópicas de la disfagia orofaríngea en niños entre un mes y cinco años de vida. Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 2004 Clinical and videofluoroscopic characteristics of oropharyngeal dysphagia in children aged 1 month to 5 years. A study in Medellín, Colombia, 2004

    OpenAIRE

    Dagoberto Nicanor Cabrera Hémer; José William Cornejo Ochoa; Paola Alvarez Escobar; María Mercedes M. Mejía Rodríguez; Angela Múnera Pineda; Dulfary Serna Aristizábal; Olga Francisca Salazar Blanco

    2008-01-01

    Objetivo: describir, con base en las evaluaciones clínica y videofluoroscópica, las alteraciones biomecánicas más frecuentes en un grupo de niños entre un mes y cinco años de edad, con sospecha clínica de trastorno de la deglución (TD) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP). Metodología: estudio descriptivo de una muestra consecutiva entre enero 1 y diciembre 31 de 2004. La información se obtuvo con una encuesta estructurada. Se analizaron las siguientes variables: edad, sex...

  19. Discussion forum: management of population education programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    This discussion adopts a relatively simple management process, which consists of the elements of planning, organization, direction, and control, as the basis for analyzing management activities of population education programs. Each of these elements is analyzed in the context of programming, implementing, and evaluating country programs in population education. The planning process that applies well to population education is that of working out a scheme, a method of design for the attainment of an objective. This involves identifying what is to be done, when, and how; defining objectives; choosing from alternatives; and making a plan of action and communication. A few country programs in population education in Asia are lagging behind the realization of project objectives in part because the organizational scheme has been taken for granted. Specific problem areas include: facilities, equipment, and staff; grouping component jobs; structure of authority; methods and procedures; and selection and training of staff. Despite these problem areas, it is believed that the organization of population education could be enhanced if the following 2 aspects are taken care of: dividing labor and allocationg workloads to individuals as well as groups of individuals; and establishing lines of communication, influence, and authority among individuals and groups of individuals handling allotted work loads to ensure the coordination of their activities in relation to give objective. The soundness of a population education program hinges on efficiency, effectiveness, and continuity. Direction includes motivation, supervision, and coordination, all of which are applicalbe to population education. Direction consists of setting a detailed time and cost framework, initiating and providing leadership in carrying out plans by making decisiions, issuing specific instructions, and guilding, motivating, and supervising. Control consists of evaluation of performance compared to plan

  20. Morbimortalidad en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 2001-2005 Morbidity and mortality at a pediatric intensive care unit in Medellín, Colombia, 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Quevedo Vélez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Introducción: el aumento en el número y la complejidad de las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos (UCIP, sumado a su alto costo, ha estimulado el interés y la necesidad de evaluar su funcionamiento, la eficacia de la labor realizada y la calidad de los servicios que prestan, mediante indicadores asistenciales que se derivan de estudios descriptivos de morbimortalidad.

     

    Objetivo: describir las causas de morbilidad y mortalidad y las características sociodemográficas de los niños admitidos a la UCIP del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP de Medellín, Colombia, en el período comprendido entre el primero de enero de 2001 y el 31 de diciembre del 2005.

     

    Metodología: estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal, en el que por medio de una aleatorización simple se hizo la selección de 328 historias de pacientes que ingresaron a la UCIP durante el período de estudio. Se tabularon y analizaron estadísticamente los datos obtenidos de la revisión de las historias.

     

    Resultados: se encontró que 59,8% de

  1. Current Discussions Between ESO and Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-04-01

    [Joint Press Release by the Government of the Republic of Chile and the European Southern Observatory. The text is issued simultaneously in Santiago de Chile (in Spanish) and at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (in English).] Today, Tuesday, 18 April 1995, at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany), Mr. Roberto Cifuentes, Plenipotentiary Ambassador representing the Government of the Republic of Chile, and the Director General of the European Southern Observatory, Professor Riccardo Giacconi, have signed a Supplementary, Interpretative and Amending Agreement to the Convention of 6 November 1963 which governs the relations between Chile and this International Organisation. This Agreement which in practice signifies a widening and strengthening of the cooperative relations between the Organisation and the Chilean scientific community will hereafter be submitted for ratification by the National Congress of the Republic of Chile (the Parliament) and by the ESO Council. According to the Agreement signed today, Chilean astronomers will have privileged access within up to 10 percent observing time on all present and future ESO telescopes in Chile. Moreover, ESO accepts to incorporate into its labour regulations for Chilean personnel concepts like freedom of association and collective bargaining. This signing of the Supplementary, Interpretative and Amending Agreement to the original Convention of 1963 follows after months of constructive dialogue between the parties. It constitutes an important step towards a solution of some of the pending points on the current agenda for discussions between the Government of Chile and ESO. Among the issues still pending, ESO has informed the Government of Chile that respect for its immunities by the Chilean State is of vital importance for the continuation of the construction of the world's largest telescope at Paranal, as well as the continued presence of the Organisation in Chile. The Chilean Government, on its side, and concerning

  2. Morbilidad y mortalidad en la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP, de Medellín, Colombia, 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augusto Quevedo Vélez

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available

     

    INTRODUCCIÓN: el aumento en el número y la complejidad de las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos (UCIP, sumado a su alto costo, ha estimulado el interés y la necesidad de evaluar su funcionamiento, la eficacia de la labor realizada y la calidad en la prestación de los servicios, mediante indicadores asistenciales que se derivan de estudios descriptivos de morbilidad y mortalidad.

    OBJETIVO: describir las causas de morbilidad y mortalidad y las características sociodemográficas de los niños admitidos a la UCIP del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP, de Medellín, Colombia.

    METODOLOGÍA: estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de corte transversal donde se hizo una selección aleatoria simple de 328 historias de pacientes que ingresaron a la UCIP durante el período de estudio. Los datos obtenidos de la revisión de las historias fueron tabulados y analizados estadísticamente.

    RESULTADOS: se encontró que 59,8% de los pacientes eran de sexo masculino, 40,9% eran menores de 1 año y 43% provenían del

  3. Discussing Ethical Issues in the Classroom: Leveraging Pedagogical Moments that May Otherwise Undermine Important Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Douglas J.; Hull, William J., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    The authors identify, examine, and clarify three kinds of hindrances (dismissive/evasive tactics, logical stoppers, and ad hominem arguments) to teaching about ethical issues in P-12 schools. In discussing these three types of obstacles, they stress that the barriers themselves provide both challenges and opportunities for teachers. Indeed, they…

  4. Associated urological malformations and development of chronic kidney disease in pediatric patients with urinary tract infection at San Vicente de Paúl Hospital (Medellín, Colombia between 1960 and 2010 = Malformaciones urológicas asociadas y desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica en pacientes pediátricos con diagnóstico de infección urinaria que consultaron al Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (Medellín, Colombia entre los años 1960-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serrano Gayubo, Ana Katherina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI is a major cause of bacterial disease in the pediatric population. Associated factors such as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR, posterior urethral valves, neurogenic bladder and other anatomical malformations increase the likelihood of developing renal scarring and dysplasia/hypoplasia, which at the same time increase in the long term the risk of hypertension (HT, proteinuria and chronic kidney disease (CKD. Objective: To describe the malformations associated with the frequency of UTI and development of CKD in pediatric patients who consulted San Vicente de Paúl Hospital, in Medellin, Colombia, between 1960 and 2010. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study in which the clinical records of 4.476 patients with UTI were evaluated. Results: Patients with urinary tract anomalies corresponded to 78.3% of the total (predominance of women: 52.8%. Primary VUR was found in 29.9%; out of these, 5.1% progressed to CKD. Neurogenic bladder was diagnosed in 8.6%, of which 70.8% were secondary to myelomeningocele and 4.9% developed CKD. The posterior urethral valves were present in 3.5% of the total sample, of which 28.5% developed CKD. Conclusion: UTI in the pediatric population is a marker of urinary tract malformation and the prognosis is determined by the presence of VUR, obstructive anomalies and/or renal dysplasia favoring renal scarring, and increasing the risk of hypertension, proteinuria and CKD. An appropriate diagnostic approach would be the basis to implement management strategies to prevent deterioration of renal function.

  5. Innovación curricular de la carrera de Administración de Empresas y su visión prospectiva en la formación de los estudiantes de la facultad de Ciencias Administrativas de la Universidad Laica VICENTE ROCAFUERTE de Guayaquil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Hinojosa Dazza

    2016-09-01

    donde se indica que la educación superior es un bien público, que forma parte de un proceso colectivo con un aporte crítico, obteniendo perspectivas amplias en valores éticos y morales que coadyuvan a la formación ciudadana del sujeto que aprende, en los diferentes ambientes de aprendizaje, aplicando metodologías de aprender a emprender, enseñando al futuro profesional a desarrollar estrategias que ayuden a mejorar su estilo de vida y a triunfar en la carrera que ha optado. Esto implica el rediseño curricular de las distintas carreras, el que comprende no solo la reestructuración de los contenidos de aprendizaje, sino que incluye la diversificación de la institución, teniendo como base a la investigación y producción científica; el presente trabajo se articula con el proceso de transformación de los diseños curriculares que se desarrollan en el país, permitiendo de esta manera la acreditación de las carreras de la Universidad Laica VICENTE ROCAFUERTE en concreto de la facultad de Ciencias Administrativas.

  6. Framing Classroom Discussion of Same-Sex Marriage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hand, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Assuming that the issue of same-sex marriage should be discussed in schools, how should the discussion be framed? Michael Hand first distinguishes this question from the related but distinct question of whether discussion on this topic should be steered. He then examines three possible frames for discussion of same-sex marriage: the perfectionist…

  7. Discussing Occupy Wall Street on Twitter: longitudinal network analysis of equality, emotion, and stability of public discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Cheng-Jun; Wang, Pian-Pian; Zhu, Jonathan J H

    2013-09-01

    To evaluate the quality of public discussion about social movements on Twitter and to understand the structural features and evolution of longitudinal discussion networks, we analyze tweets about the Occupy Wall Street movement posted over the course of 16 days by investigating the relationship between inequality, emotion, and the stability of online discussion. The results reveal that (1) the discussion is highly unequal for both initiating discussions and receiving conversations; (2) the stability of the discussion is much higher for receivers than for initiators; (3) the inequality of online discussions moderates the stability of online discussions; and (4) on an individual level, there is no significant relationship between emotion and political discussion. The implications help evaluate the quality of public discussion, and to understand the relationship between online discussion and social movements.

  8. Methodology and models in erosion research: discussion and conclusions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shellis, R P; Ganss, C; Ren, Y; Zero, D T; Lussi, A

    2011-01-01

    .... The prospects for clinical trials are also discussed. All models in erosion research require a number of choices regarding experimental conditions, study design and measurement techniques, and these general aspects are discussed first...

  9. An Internet-based discussion forum as a useful resource for the discussion of clinical cases and an educational tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foong Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: An Internet-based group of plastic surgeons was formed in India in February 2001. It has 1290 members and seeks to facilitate online discussion. These discussions were reviewed to assess their value in education and aiding patient management. Materials and Methods: All messages and discussions between August 2007 and July 2008 were examined retrospectively. Data were collected regarding topics, replies, and use of clinical images. Results: A total of 2217 messages were exchanged within 330 separate discussions (mean = 6.7 messages per discussion, range = 0-45. A total of 164 discussions contained photographs (50%. Mean number of photographs per discussion was five (range = 0-34. Discussions included requests for advice on complex cases (40%, interesting cases and their management/outcome (25% and courses/conferences (30%. Topics discussed include training/courses (26.7%, cleft (15.4%, aesthetics (13.1%, trauma (12.5%, head and neck (8.4%, cutaneous (6.4%, perineal/genital reconstruction (6.1%, and scar management (4.7%. Discussion: Forums like this facilitate discussion between individuals in remote locations. They provide easy access to the expertise of a large cohort of highly experienced surgeons. Most discussions were clinical, involving challenging situations. The discussions are open and nonjudgmental, hence encouraging contribution and healthy debate. We encourage its use as an educational tool and a platform for discussion.

  10. The Fishbowl Discussion: A Strategy for Large Honors Classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priles, Maria A.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the use of the "fishbowl" strategy for fostering class discussion of literary works. Argues that this method, which places one small group of discussants within a larger circle of observers, is an effective means of developing discussion and listening skills. (HB)

  11. Turning Lurkers into Learners: Increasing Participation in Your Online Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alley, Jason; Greenhaus, Karen

    2007-01-01

    Communication and discussion are keys to student learning and understanding in online environments. With more teachers and K-12 school systems adopting course management tools such as Blackboard and SharePoint, online discussion has become another means of engaging students in curriculum-based learning. Online discussions provide opportunities for…

  12. Parents' Plans to Discuss Sexuality with Their Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Shaieb, Muna; Wurtele, Sandy K.

    2009-01-01

    Two hundred and fourteen (214) parents of young children (M age = 6.75 years) were surveyed about their plans for sexuality discussions with their children. Parents were asked to indicate when they would first discuss sex education with their children for 15 specific topics, how effective they perceived themselves to be at discussing each topic,…

  13. The Effects of Unstructured Group Discussion on Ethical Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Clinton H.; Alder, G. Stoney

    2014-01-01

    The authors examine the effects of shared information and group discussion on ethical judgment when no structure is imposed on the discussion to encourage ethical considerations. Discussants were asked to identify arguments for and against a variety of business behaviors with ethical implications. A group moderator solicited and recorded arguments…

  14. Organizing Parent Discussion Groups in Preschools (A How To Guide).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousey, Carol G.

    This series of discussion sessions and suggestions for further reading, was designed to serve as a guide for discussion groups made up of parents of preschool children. The first chapter discusses the organization of groups, leaders' qualifications, the general format of sessions, recordkeeping, and suggestions for the first and final sessions.…

  15. Automatic Annotation Method on Learners' Opinions in Case Method Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samejima, Masaki; Hisakane, Daichi; Komoda, Norihisa

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to annotate an attribute of a problem, a solution or no annotation on learners' opinions automatically for supporting the learners' discussion without a facilitator. The case method aims at discussing problems and solutions in a target case. However, the learners miss discussing some of problems and solutions.…

  16. The Development of Social Climate in Virtual Learning Discussion Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avigail Oren

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available As the educational use of computer mediated communication (CMC increases there is growing interest among researchers as to social processes evolving within the varied models of group work using Internet – e.g., special interest groups, topical discussion groups, discussion forums attached to virtual courses, and learning communities. In this paper we present a synthetic summary of five studies that explored social climate issues in synchronous and asynchronous online activities in academic courses, focusing on the following questions: Does a social atmosphere develop in online learning discussion groups? What are the different modes of social interaction are manifest in online learning discussion groups? What is the role of the virtual teacher with regards to the social climate in online learning discussion groups? Discussed are the implications of these five studies' on the design of virtual-learning-discussion-groups, and the results for the characterization of teacher moderation functions.

  17. Older Patients' Recall of Lifestyle Discussions in Primary Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bardach, Shoshana H; Schoenberg, Nancy E; Howell, Britteny M

    2017-04-01

    Despite the known benefits of engaging in healthy diet and physical activity across the life span, suboptimal diet and physical inactivity are pervasive among older adults. While health care providers can promote patients' engagement in health behaviors, patient recall of recommendations tends to be imperfect. This study sought to better understand older adults' recall of dietary and physical activity discussions in primary care. One hundred and fifteen adults aged 65 and older were interviewed immediately following a routine primary care visit on whether and what they recalled discussing pertaining to diet and physical activity. Compared against transcripts, most patients accurately recalled their diet and physical activity discussions. The inclusion of a recommendation, and for diet discussions longer duration, increased the likelihood of patient recall for these health behavior discussions. These findings suggest that specific recommendations and an extra minute of discussion, at least for dietary discussions, increase the likelihood of accurate patient recall.

  18. Experiencia con pacientes hospitalizados en la unidad de capacitación para el tratamiento de la diarrea del Hospital Univertario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín Experience with hospitalized children at a training unit for diarrhea treatment, in Medellín, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Bernal Parra

    1995-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Entre 1988 y 1994 se atendieron 1.755 niños en la sala de hospitalización de la Unidad de Capacitación para el Tratamiento de la Diarrea, del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín; 1.022 (58.2% fueron hombres y 733 (41.8% mujeres; mil setenta y ocho eran menores de un año (61.4% y 677 (38.6% tenían más de un año. Eran desnutridos 888 (50.6%. Presentaban diarrea persistente 418 (23.8%; 1.056 (82.2% diarrea acuosa, 213 (16.6% diarrea disentérica y 16 (1.2% solamente vómitos. Novecientos trece pacientes (52% consultaron o estuvieron en la sala de hidratación oral y 276 (15.7% habían estado hospitalizados por diarrea durante el último mes. Al ingreso 670 (38.2% se encontraban hidratados, 151 (8.6% tenían deshidratación grave y 934 (53.2% presentaban otros grados de deshidratación. La bacteria más frecuentemente identificada fue Salmonella enteritidis (258 casos; 23.9%. Setecientos ochenta y seis pacientes (44.8% recibieron los líquidos solamente por vía oral o por sonda nasogástrica y 969 (55.2% por vía intravenosa. Al egreso 1.088 (62% tuvieron el diagnóstico de diarrea aguda y 667 (38% el de diarrea persistente. La mortalidad fue de 1.5% (27 pacientes.

    We present the results of our experience in the in-patient treatment of children with diarrhea. Between 1988 and 1994,1.755 children were hospitalized for this purpose at the Training Unit for Diarrhea Treatment, Hospital San Vicente, in Medellín, Colombia; 1.022 (58.2% were males and 733 (41.8% females; 1.078 (61.4% were younger than one year and 677 (38.6% were above this age. Eight hundred and eighty eight (50.6% were undernourished. At admission, persistent diarrhea was found in 418 (23.8%; stools were watery in 1.056 (82.2% and dysenteric in 213 (16.6%; 16

  19. La continuïtat «bioliterària» al País Valencià: de Carles Ros a Carles Salvador (o de Gregori Maians a Vicent Andrés Estellés, passant per Teodor Llorente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Roda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article fa evident un fil conductor que va dels novatores preil·lustrats valencians de la fi del s. XVII fins a l’actualitat. També la connexió directa de València amb Londres i París al segle XIX –no sols amb Cadis, Madrid o Barcelona. Els poemes «En los dies del rei Fernando» d’Antoni Maria Peyrolon (1830 i «Lo somni» de Vicent Salvà (1831 són exponents valencians de cultura avançada. Teodor Llorente és també valorat com l’eix que connecta malgré lui l’esforç cultural dignificador valencià anterior a 1859 –amb l’Escola Pia de València com a focus primigeni de l’evolució romàntica– i l’esforç cultural dignificador valencià posterior a 1909. És a dir, entre la celebració dels Jocs Florals de València en honor a Ausiàs March l’any 1859 i l’emblemàtica coronació de Llorente com a poeta a València l’any 1909, que conclogué la Renaixença valenciana amb un èxit històricament suficient. This article presents evidence of a cultural continuum spanning from the pre-enlightened Valencian Novatores of the late 17th century to the present day. It also highlights the direct cultural connection of València with London and Paris during the first half of the 19th century –along with Cádiz, Madrid or Barcelona, which are more commonly acknowledged. In this context, the Valencian poems «En los dies del rei Fernando» by Antoni Maria Peyrolon (1830, and «Lo somni» by Vicent Salvà (1831 exhibit a high and up to date culture. This paper also evidences the Calasanzian Pious School of València as an early hub of the romantic shift. In 1859, València organized Jocs Florals –Floral Games– in celebration of Ausiàs March. Teodor Llorente, one of the winners, is regarded as the key link that connects the pre-1859 Valencian cultural dignifying efforts and the post-1909 ones. The popular event of Llorente’s coronation as Poet in 1909 turned him an icon and concluded the Valencian Renaixença

  20. Evaluación de las medidas de eficiencia energética para la estación antártica ecuatoriana Pedro Vicente Maldonado a través del modelo de energía calibrada para edificaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Miño

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available En la Antártica, un continente sensible a las actividades humanas y un lugar estratégico para la investigación de los efectos producidos por el cambio climático, es importante que los proyectos desarrollados ahí minimicen su impacto medioambiental. Bajo este concepto, la estación antártica Pedro Vicente Maldonado, construida en 1990 y operada por Ecuador durante el verano austral, se convertirá dentro de pocos años en una estación permanente. Por ello y con el fin de optimizar el consumo energético, se han analizado diversas medidas de eficiencia energética de acuerdo a un modelo energético basado en el actual consumo de diésel para calefacción. Los resultados de este estudio demuestran que los elementos de la envolvente del edificio, por donde se pierde gran parte de la energía, son el piso y el techo. Por otro lado, debido a la baja relación ventana-paredes de la estación, la reducción en el consumo de diésel generado por el uso de vidrios triple y cuádruple no es significativa. Al combinar diferentes medidas de eficiencia energética, se puede ahorrar hasta un 50% del consumo anual de diésel para calefacción si se compara con el consumo que tendría la estación actual operando en forma permanente. Este estudio servirá de referencia para implementar los cambios necesarios en dicha estación.

  1. The Development of a Discussion Rubric for Online Courses: Standardizing Expectations of Graduate Students in Online Scholarly Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyss, Vanessa L.; Freedman, Debra; Siebert, Cathy J.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the design and evaluation of a rubric for assessing discussions in online graduate level education courses. The aims of the research were twofold. The first goal was to develop a discussion rubric that provides guidance to graduate students participating in online courses that are heavily discussion based. The second goal was…

  2. The group discussion effect: integrative processes and suggestions for implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meleady, Rose; Hopthrow, Tim; Crisp, Richard J

    2013-02-01

    One of the most consistent findings in experimental social dilemmas research is the positive effect group discussion has on cooperative behavior. At a time when cooperation and consensus is critical to tackle global problems, ranging from debt to deforestation, understanding the dynamics of group discussion is a pressing need. Unfortunately, research investigating the underlying processes and implementation of the effect has been inconclusive. The authors present a critical review of existing explanations and integrate these perspectives into a single process model of group discussion, providing a more complete theoretical picture of how interrelated factors combine to facilitate discussion-induced cooperation. On the basis of this theoretical analysis, they consider complimentary approaches to the indirect and feasible implementation of group discussion. They argue that such strategies may overcome the barriers to direct discussion observed across a range of groups and organizations.

  3. The APGAR rubric for scoring online discussion boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillippi, Julia C; Schorn, Mavis N; Moore-Davis, Tonia

    2015-05-01

    The World Health Organization has called for a dramatic increase in the number of midwives and supports the use of innovative programs to assist students in achieving midwifery competencies. Online discussion boards are excellent educational tools for stimulating in-depth student engagement. However, complex discussions can be difficult to grade without a well-constructed rubric. The 'discussion-board APGAR' provides clear scoring criteria for discussions of midwifery care. The discussion-board APGAR has 5 components: Application, Professionalism, Group work, Analysis, and Rationale and provides scoring criteria for unacceptable, marginal, and proficient performance. The discussion-board APGAR is based on the Core Competencies for Basic Midwifery Practice in the United States (US), consistent with the International Confederation of Midwives Essential Competencies for Basic Midwifery Practice, and can be adjusted to be congruent with other midwifery standards. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Ontology-based topic clustering for online discussion data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongheng; Cao, Kening; Zhang, Xiaoming

    2013-03-01

    With the rapid development of online communities, mining and extracting quality knowledge from online discussions becomes very important for the industrial and marketing sector, as well as for e-commerce applications and government. Most of the existing techniques model a discussion as a social network of users represented by a user-based graph without considering the content of the discussion. In this paper we propose a new multilayered mode to analysis online discussions. The user-based and message-based representation is combined in this model. A novel frequent concept sets based clustering method is used to cluster the original online discussion network into topic space. Domain ontology is used to improve the clustering accuracy. Parallel methods are also used to make the algorithms scalable to very large data sets. Our experimental study shows that the model and algorithms are effective when analyzing large scale online discussion data.

  5. Peer discussions in lecture-based tutorials in introductory physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leinonen, Risto; Asikainen, Mervi A.; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

    2017-06-01

    This study analyzes the types of peer discussion that occur during lecture-based tutorial sessions. It focuses in particular on whether discussions of this kind have certain characteristics that might indicate success in the post-testing phase. The data were collected during an introductory physics course. The main data set was gathered with the aid of audio recordings. Data-driven content analysis was applied in the analysis to facilitate the placement of students' discussions in particular categories related to different types of discussions. Four major discussion types were found: discussions related to the content knowledge, metalevel discussions including metaconceptual and metacognitive elements, discussions related to practical issues, and creating a base for discussion, seen here in the order of their prevalence. These categories were found to possess individual substructures that involved, for example, asking and answering questions, participating in a dialogue, or disagreeing with a peer. Analyzing the substructures of the categories revealed that there were evident differences between the groups, some of them related to the group size. With regard to the characteristics of discussions considered to be connected to a better learning outcome, it was observed that a great number of lines uttered related to the physics content or metalevel discussions seemed to have a direct bearing on success in the post test at the group level. For individual students, answering content-related questions posed by their peers might also indicate success in the post test. We would encourage researchers to continue this type of research in order to discover the essential characteristics of students' discussions that facilitate learning.

  6. Oral traditions in Malaysia A discussion of shamanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haron Daud

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses Malay oral traditions and emphasizes the shamanistic aspects of these traditions. Shamans often recite mantras in the execution of their role in society. The role of the shaman, their self proclaimed knowledge, shamans and their economic activities, black magic and healthcare in Malay society are discussed, as well as the shaman’s role in Dayak ritual. Each aspect is discussed in combination with the mantra the shaman utters.

  7. Facilitating hospice discussions: a six-step roadmap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jennifer; Casarett, David

    2011-01-01

    Hospice programs provide comprehensive, compassionate care to dying patients and their families. However, many patients do not enroll in hospice, and those who do generally receive hospice care only in the last weeks of life. Although patients and families rely on their physicians to discuss hospice, there is often inadequate communication between patients and physicians about end-of-life issues. We describe a Six-Step Roadmap for navigating discussions about hospice adapted from the SPIKES protocol for delivering bad news: setting up the discussion, assessing the patient's perception, inviting a patient to discuss individual goals and needs, sharing knowledge, empathizing with the patient's emotions, and summarizing and strategizing the next steps.

  8. Physician–Patient Discussions of Controversial Cancer Screening Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Andrew S.; Shridharani, Kanan V.; Lou, Wendy; Bernstein, Jeffrey; Horowitz, Carol R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Screening mammography for younger women and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurement have controversial benefits and known potential adverse consequences. While providing informed consent and eliciting patient preference have been advocated for these tests, little is known about how often these discussions take place or about barriers to these discussions. Methods We administered a survey to medical house staff and attending physicians practicing primary care. The survey examined physicians’ likelihood of discussing screening mammography and PSA testing, and factors influencing the frequency and quality of these discussions. Results For the three scenarios, 16% to 34% of physicians stated that they do not discuss the screening tests. The likelihood of having a discussion was significantly associated with house staff physicians’ belief that PSA screening is advantageous; house staff and attending physicians’ intention to order a PSA test, and attending physicians’ intention to order a mammogram; and a controversial indication for screening. The most commonly identified barriers to discussions were lack of time, the complexity of the topic, and a language barrier. Conclusions Physicians report they often do not discuss cancer screening tests with their patients. Our finding that physicians’ beliefs and intention to order the tests, and extraneous factors such as time constraints and a language barrier, are associated with discussions indicates that some patients may be inappropriately denied the opportunity to choose whether to screen for breast and prostate cancer. PMID:11165455

  9. Analyzing Social Media Relationships in Context with Discussion Graphs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiciman, Emre; Choudhury, Munmun De; Counts, Scott

    2013-01-01

    We present discussion graphs, a hyper-graph-based representation of social media discussions that captures both the structural features of the relationships among entities as well as the context of the discussions from which they were derived. Building on previous analyses of social media network...... and pseudo-cliques, when applied to the analysis of textual social media content. We apply our framework across several domains captured in Twitter, including the mining of peoples' statements about their locations and activities and discussions of the U.S. 2012 elections....

  10. How Do Personality, Synchronous Media, and Discussion Topic Affect Participation?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ina Blau; Azy Barak

    2012-01-01

    ... personality, media characteristics, and discussion topic sensitivity. The relation between anticipated and actual participation was investigated, as well as the interpersonal and gender equalization effects of online communication...

  11. INVESTIGATING TURNTAKING STRATEGIES IN CLASS DISCUSSIONS AMONG ESL ADULT LEARNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noor Hanim Rahmat

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This quantitative study looked into class discussion strategies used by adult ESL learners. Findings revealed several benefits of class discussions for adult learners. Among some of them are, adult learners practice turn-taking skills in a non-combative environment. The sharing of ideas allowed freedom of thoughts among the learners. On the other hand, adult learners also learn to agree or disagree politely using turn-taking strategies. Finally, the benefits of class discussions may go beyond classroom needs such as improving critical thinking skills among learners. This ability is seen when learners participate in group work and discussions. Learners gain accessibility to participate comfortably in discussions when they are pun in a non-combative environment. This will thus give them the freedom to discuss any topics openly. This freedom will further enhance their general participation in the discussion. However, in a normal conversational process, speakers need to learn to speak up and also to give others space to voice their opinions. Learners need the knowledge of turn-taking skills in order to participate actively in the discussion. This turn-taking skills can be taught in ESL classrooms through class discussions.

  12. Learning through online discussion: a framework evidenced in learners' interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvonne C. Bain

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Online learning, often supported through online discussion, is not only a popular means of supporting off-campus learners, but increasingly has a place within campus-based learning courses. Laurillard and others suggest that there are assumptions being made about learning through online discussion that have yet to be fully tested, and therefore there is a need to examine this area further. Tutors and learners may benefit from having a greater insight and understanding of how engaging in asynchronous online discussion presents opportunities for learning on an individual and a collective basis. This research study focused on learners' engagement with online discussion and their perceptions of how engaging in online discussion impacts on learning. This paper revisits learning through online discussion and proposes a framework, which emerges from the analysis of learners' experiences. A grounded theory approach was used in the collection and analysis of six learner case studies within a higher education setting, exploring learners' interactions in online discussion, and their perceptions of learning through online discussion. Insights into the learners' interactions were provided by the learners themselves through semi-structured interviews. The grounded approach to the analysis of the interviews enabled the learners' voices to be heard in terms of what they thought about learning through online discussion. The insight enabled through the depth of description from the learners and the examination of the online interactions led to the development of a framework for learning through online discussion. The framework raises the importance of articulation as a key process in learning whilst highlighting the opportunities for collaborative informed thinking by engaging with the ideas of others. The focus given to the learning process through the framework will be of interest to tutors and learners who use online asynchronous discussion environments for

  13. Writing a convincing and effective discussion section of a biomedical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sometimes it is overwhelmed by the cited literature. This weakens the message and the impact of the contribution. The approach suggested by this author is aimed at structuring the discussion in such a way that the author's contribution stands out. This will enable the author to write a compelling and effective discussion.

  14. Increasing Social Presence in Online Learning through Small Group Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akcaoglu, Mete; Lee, Eunbae

    2016-01-01

    Social presence is difficult to achieve, but an imperative component of online learning. In this study, we investigated the effect of group size on students' perceptions of social presence in two graduate-level online courses, comparing small group versus whole class discussions. Our results indicated that when in small group discussions, students…

  15. A Formal Perspective On The Pragma-Dialectical Discussion Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, J.; Garssen, B.J.; Godden, D.; Mitchell, G.; Snoeck Henkemans, A.F.

    2015-01-01

    For the development of computation tools to support the pragma-dialectical analysis of argumentative texts, a formal approximation of the pragma-dialectical ideal model of a critical discussion theory is required. A basic dialogue game for critical discussion is developed as the foundation for such

  16. Increasing Student Participation in Online Group Discussions via Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Scott T.

    2013-01-01

    A comparison study between two different methods of conducting online discussions in an introductory astronomy course was performed to determine if the use of Facebook as an online discussion tool has an impact on student participation as well as student response time. This study shows that students using Facebook for their online discussions…

  17. Motivating a Productive Discussion of Normative Issues through Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a way of using in-class debates to discuss contentious issues and help students develop critical thinking skills. Three elements were incorporated into an undergraduate public finance course: a presentation of ethical approaches in order to formally discuss normative issues, class debates which required…

  18. Workforce Intermediation for Vulnerable Youth: Workforce Initiatives Discussion Paper #4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Academy for Educational Development, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This paper's intention is to spur discussion about the roles of "workforce intermediation" as it relates to youth development and employability. It is certainly not meant to be an exhaustive discussion about either topic. It does, however, intend to further the dialogue on international workforce initiatives and the requisite workforce…

  19. Discussion Forum: Superintendent of Documents Operates an Outdated Vacuum Cleaner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernon, Peter

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the operations of the Government Printing Office's Office of Superintendent of Documents and suggests that changes are needed. The depository library program is discussed, government publications are described, the proliferation of publications and other information sources is considered, and issues relating to improvements are raised.…

  20. Student Moderators in Asynchronous Online Discussion: A Question of Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zingaro, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Much current research exalts the benefits of having students facilitate weekly discussions in asynchronous online courses. This study seeks to add to what is known about student moderation through an analysis of the types of questions students use to spur each discussion. Prior experimental work has demonstrated that the types of questions posed…

  1. When Children Discuss: A Study of Learning in Small Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Mary Anastole

    1976-01-01

    Describes a study designed to increase and improve participation in class discussions among urban low-income fifth and sixth graders. Comparisons are made between small group discussions of moral issues led by teachers, by trained students, and by untrained students. (CW)

  2. Peer Discussions in Lecture-Based Tutorials in Introductory Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leinonen, Risto; Asikainen, Mervi A.; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

    2017-01-01

    This study analyzes the types of peer discussion that occur during lecture-based tutorial sessions. It focuses in particular on whether discussions of this kind have certain characteristics that might indicate success in the post-testing phase. The data were collected during an introductory physics course. The main data set was gathered with the…

  3. Discontinuities in University Student Experiences of Learning through Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Robert A.; Calvo, Rafael A.

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on research into the student experience of learning through discussions in a third-year undergraduate engineering subject. Information engineering students studying e-commerce were required to engage in face-to-face and online discussions as a key aspect of their learning experience. This study investigates the quality of the…

  4. Summary of small group discussions: Monitoring objectives and thresholds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricia Manley

    2013-01-01

    Workshop participants were asked to address sets of questions in small group discussions, which were subsequently brought to the entire group for discussion. The second set of questions was directed at identifying a set of degradation activities that could be a primary focus for developing or refining methods and techniques for monitoring:

  5. Applying Geography in the Classroom through Structured Discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delaney, Ed

    1991-01-01

    Suggests using classroom discussion as a tool in learning geographical concepts and critical thinking skills. Provides structure for preparing class discussion in small group environments. Considers direct student participation to increase the likelihood of long-term retention and interpersonal skills development. Presents an example of discussion…

  6. Types of Interaction in Online Discussion Forums: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khlaif, Zuheir; Nadiruzzaman, Hamid; Kwon, Kyungbin

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to identify the types of students' interaction, as well as their discussion patterns in an online course. The study took place in a large Midwestern University and 17 graduate students participated in the study. The primary data was obtained from students' discussion forum postings. The researchers used both…

  7. Learning Physics in Small-Group Discussions--Three Examples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benckert, Sylvia; Pettersson, Sune

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on an investigation of students learning of physics during group discussions around context-rich problems in introductory physics courses at university level. We present the results from video recordings of student groups solving three different problems. We found that group discussions around physics problems can lead to…

  8. Facilitating Meaningful Discussion Groups in the Primary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moses, Lindsey; Ogden, Meridith; Kelly, Laura Beth

    2015-01-01

    This Teaching Tips describes a yearlong process of facilitating meaningful discussion groups about literature with first-grade students in an urban Title I school. At the beginning of the year, the teacher provided explicit instruction in speaking and listening skills to support students with the social skills needed for thoughtful discussion. She…

  9. Summary of small group discussions: Detection of forest degradation drivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patricia Manley

    2013-01-01

    Workshop participants were asked to address sets of questions in small group discussions, which were subsequently brought to the entire group for discussion. The first set of questions was directed at identifying a set of degradation activities that could be a primary focus for developing or refining methods and techniques for monitoring:

  10. Summary of small group discussions: Regional themes and next steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rick Turner

    2013-01-01

    At the conclusion of the workshop, a breakout group session discussed common themes that had emerged regarding forest degradation monitoring in the Southeast Asia region. The participants were also asked to list any important issues that may not have been sufficiently addressed during the workshop and that may require further discussion, and recommendations for next...

  11. Searching for Intertextual Connections in Small Group Text Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Feng-ming

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the sources for and intentions of intertextuality made by 10 groups of Taiwanese university students in the process of discussing two American stories. Two types of data, small group text discussions and oral interviews, were gathered. The results indicated that participants used diverse sources of intertextual links, and with…

  12. What Is Talked About When Parents Discuss Sex with Children ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    What Is Talked About When Parents Discuss Sex with Children: Family Based Sex Education In Windhoek, Namibia. ... The rationale for the paper is that there is need to know more about what parents and children discuss if the development of more effective communication about sexual issues between parents and their ...

  13. Voicing on Virtual and Face to Face Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamat, Hamidah

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents and discusses findings of a study conducted on pre-service teachers' experiences in virtual and face to face discussions. Technology has brought learning nowadays beyond the classroom context or time zone. The learning context and process no longer rely solely on face to face communications in the presence of a teacher.…

  14. A summarized discussion of current good manufacturing practice regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Loyd V

    2013-01-01

    In light of recent events and discussions of compounding pharmacy, it is important to discuss and understand the purpose of good manufacturing practices. This article provides a summary of the current Good Manufacturing Practice Regulations which were established by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

  15. Reconceptualising Moderation in Asynchronous Online Discussions Using Grounded Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlachopoulos, Panos; Cowan, John

    2010-01-01

    This article reports a grounded theory study of the moderation of asynchronous online discussions, to explore the processes by which tutors in higher education decide when and how to moderate. It aims to construct a theory of e-moderation based on some key factors which appear to influence e-moderation. It discusses previous research on the…

  16. Teachers' Experiences Relative to Successful Questioning and Discussion Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robitaille, Yvette Powell; Maldonado, Nancy

    2015-01-01

    Questioning and discussion techniques are effective instructional methods, but there is often inconsistent implementation of these instructional methods. This case study explored teachers and evaluators' perceptions regarding exemplary questioning and discussion techniques. Participants included 9 teachers who earned exemplary marks on their…

  17. A Qualitative Analysis of the Lesbian Connection's Discussion Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin,Terry McVannel

    2006-01-01

    Letters submitted to the discussion forum of the Lesbian Connection between 2000 and 2002 were analyzed to identify issues of importance to lesbians. The analysis revealed 5 discussion categories: (a) isolation, safety, and aging; (b) children; (c) lesbian relationships and sexuality; (d) physical and mental health; and (e) political issues. The…

  18. Using Text Mining to Characterize Online Discussion Facilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ming, Norma; Baumer, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Facilitating class discussions effectively is a critical yet challenging component of instruction, particularly in online environments where student and faculty interaction is limited. Our goals in this research were to identify facilitation strategies that encourage productive discussion, and to explore text mining techniques that can help…

  19. Frustration and Fulfillment: The Talk of Literature Discussion Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollman-Bonilla, Julie E.

    Two different groups of sixth graders were studied as one discussed Roald Dahl's "James and the Giant Peach" and the other discussed Mark Twain's "Tom Sawyer." In interviews, students from the two groups offered very different assessments of their experiences, despite the fact that the teacher was the same. The Dahl students,…

  20. Classroom Discussions: Possibilities and Limitations for Democratic Classroom Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aasebø, Turid Skarre

    2017-01-01

    Are students offered possibilities to experience democratic practice in classrooms? Using an analysis of empirical data from classroom discussions in lower secondary school, this article identifies and explores two different types of classroom discussions which give students different positions: a conversation in which students are positioned as…

  1. Examining how discussing underrepresentation may mediate female engagement in physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lock, Robynne M.; Tompkins, Reganne; Hazari, Zahra

    2013-04-01

    Despite the large number of female students taking high school physics, only about a fifth of physics bachelor's degrees are awarded to women. In a previous study, we tested five factors commonly proposed to positively impact female students' choice of a physical science career using multivariate matching methods on national survey data. Four of these factors (having a single-sex class, having female scientist guest speakers, having a female physics teacher, and discussing the work of female scientists) were found to have no effect. The only factor found to have a positive effect was the explicit discussion of the underrepresentation of women in physics. In order to explore this further, a case study of the classes of one teacher reported to discuss the underrepresentation of women was conducted. Two classroom underrepresentation discussions were recorded, students and teacher were interviewed, and relevant student work was collected. Analyzing the case study data, we report on how discussing underrepresentation may mediate female engagement in physics.

  2. Graduate Students' Experiences of Challenges in Online Asynchronous Discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Murphy

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents one of five categories of findings of a qualitative study of students' experiences of challenges encountered in a web-based graduate program. The findings relate to the category of experiences with online asynchronous discussions. Data collection relied on a discussion, questionnaire and interview all conducted within WebCTTM. The category's findings were grouped into four sub-categories of challenges as follows: student behaviour; text-only, online communication; purpose and quality of the discussion; and forum features. Challenges related to students' behaviour included domination of the discussion by individual students or groups of students resulting in feelings of exclusion, frustration and inadequacy. Text-only communication caused difficulties related to misinterpretation and conveying and deriving intent. Challenges related to the purpose and value of the discussion resulted from low quality and high quantities of postings to meet grade requirements. Technical features that presented challenges included the inability to delete messages.

  3. Discussion of medical errors in morbidity and mortality conferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierluissi, Edgar; Fischer, Melissa A; Campbell, Andre R; Landefeld, C Seth

    2003-12-03

    Morbidity and mortality conferences in residency programs are intended to discuss adverse events and errors with a goal to improve patient care. Little is known about whether residency training programs are accomplishing this goal. To determine the frequency at which morbidity and mortality conference case presentations include adverse events and errors and whether the errors are discussed and attributed to a particular cause. Prospective survey conducted by trained physician observers from July 2000 through April 2001 on 332 morbidity and mortality conference case presentations and discussions in internal medicine (n = 100) and surgery (n = 232) at 4 US academic hospitals. Frequencies of presentation of adverse events and errors, discussion of errors, and attribution of errors. In internal medicine morbidity and mortality conferences, case presentations and discussions were 3 times longer than in surgery conferences (34.1 minutes vs 11.7 minutes; P =.001), more time was spent listening to invited speakers (43.1% vs 0%; Pinternal medicine case presentations included adverse events (37 [37%] vs 166 surgery case presentations [72%]; Perrors causing an adverse event (18 [18%] vs 98 [42%], respectively; P =.001). When an error caused an adverse event, the error was discussed as an error less often in internal medicine (10 errors [48%] vs 85 errors in surgery [77%]; P =.02). Errors were attributed to a particular cause less often in medicine than in surgery conferences (8 [38%] of 21 medicine errors vs 88 [79%] of 112 surgery errors; Perrors, conference leaders in both internal medicine and surgery infrequently used explicit language to signal that an error was being discussed and infrequently acknowledged having made an error. Our findings call into question whether adverse events and errors are routinely discussed in internal medicine training programs. Although adverse events and errors were discussed frequently in surgery cases, teachers in both surgery and internal

  4. How rheumatologists and patients with rheumatoid arthritis discuss exercise and the influence of discussions on exercise prescriptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iversen, Maura D; Eaton, Holley M; Daltroy, Lawren H

    2004-02-15

    To describe how patients and their rheumatologists discuss exercise, and to identify predictors of exercise prescriptions. Twenty-five rheumatologists and 132 patients with rheumatoid arthritis completed questionnaires and were audiotaped during a subsequent clinic visit. Chi-square and t-tests assessed associations between variables. Principal components analysis identified patterns of talk about exercise. Multivariate logistic regression identified predictors of an exercise prescription. Seventy of the 132 patients (53%) discussed exercise. Of these, 18 (26%) received an exercise prescription. Principal components analysis identified 3 patterns of talk about exercise. Aerobic exercise discussions contained more information about drawbacks, side effects, pain, and bargaining than did discussions about general exercises, and referral to physical therapy for exercise. Significant predictors of a prescription included rheumatologist-initiated discussion about exercise (odds ratio [OR] 4.6; P = 0.03); talk about exercise in improving function, exercise instructions, opinions about the usefulness of exercise (OR 3.1; P = 0.01); and discussions about non-exercise treatments (OR 1.6; P = 0.01). Exercise and referral to physical therapy for exercise are discussed differently and are 4 times more likely to occur when the rheumatologist initiates the discussion. These discussions strongly impact on the likelihood a patient receives an exercise prescription.

  5. Educação e filantropia na cidade de São Paulo, no final do século XIX e primeiras décadas do século XX: um estudo da obra do conde José Vicente de Azevedo no bairro do Ipiranga - Education and philanthropy in the city of São Paulo, in the end of the ninet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lincoln Etchebèhére Júnior, Leonel Mazzali

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o comportamento da elite católica paulista nas últimas décadas do século XIX e primeiras do século XX, diante da denominada questão social. As referências são a figura do conde José Vicente de Azevedo e a sua obra, educacional e filantrópica, no bairro do Ipiranga, em São Paulo. A metodologia adotada foi a pesquisa documental e a consulta em bibliografia especializada. A principal conclusão do trabalho é que, diante da “carência social” e da ação dos movimentos sociais revolucionários anarquistas, o Estado, não possuindo uma estrutura voltada para a implementação de políticas sociais, uniu-se à hierarquia da Igreja e à elite esclarecida para concretizar ações direcionadas a amenizar a questão social. Se essa parceria foi fundamental para deter os chamados inimigos da Igreja naquela época, deixou evidente a importância da Igreja Católica como fornecedora de conhecimentos e habilidades extremamente escassos no meio civil. Palavras-chave: educação; elite paulista; filantropia.   EDUCATION AND PHILANTHROPY IN THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO, IN THE END OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY AND FIRST DECADES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY: A STUDY OF THE WORKMANSHIP OF THE COUNT JOSÉ VICENTE DE AZEVEDO IN THE SUBURB OF IPIRANGA Abstract The goal of this work is to analyse the behavior of São Paulo’s catholic elite in the last decades of the nineteenth century and first decades of the twentieth century, before the so called social matter. The references are the figure of count José Vicente de Azevedo and his educational and philanthropic workmanship, in the suburb of Ipiranga, in São Paulo. The methodology adopted was the documentary research and the consultations to specialized bibliography. The main conclusion is that, before the “lack of welfare” and of the action of the revolutionary anarchist social movements, the State, not owning a structure turned to the implementation of social

  6. Discussion of "Modern statistics for spatial point processes"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Eva Bjørn Vedel; Prokesová, Michaela; Hellmund, Gunnar

    2007-01-01

    ABSTRACT. The paper ‘Modern statistics for spatial point processes’ by Jesper Møller and Rasmus P. Waagepetersen is based on a special invited lecture given by the authors at the 21st Nordic Conference on Mathematical Statistics, held at Rebild, Denmark, in June 2006. At the conference, Antti...... Penttinen and Eva B. Vedel Jensen were invited to discuss the paper. We here present the comments from the two invited discussants and from a number of other scholars, as well as the authors’ responses to these comments. Below Figure 1, Figure 2, etc., refer to figures in the paper under discussion, while...

  7. The Effect of Instructional Methods (Lecture-Discussion versus Group Discussion) and Teaching Talent on Teacher Trainees Student Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutrofin; Degeng, Nyoman Sudana; Ardhana, Wayan; Setyosari, Punaji

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine difference in the effect of instructional methods (lecture-discussion versus group discussion) and teaching talent on teacher trainees student learning outcomes. It was conducted by a quasi-experimental design using the factorialized (2 x 2) version of the nonequivalent control group design. The subjects were…

  8. The Critique of Deliberative Discussion. A Response to "Education for Deliberative Democracy: A Typology of Classroom Discussions"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backer, David I.

    2017-01-01

    My response to Samuelsson's (2016) recent essay offers a different paradigm with which to think about education, deliberative discussion and democracy. I call this paradigm the critique of deliberative discussion. Following Ruitenberg's application of Mouffe's critiques of deliberative democracy to education, the critique of deliberative…

  9. Discussing Animal Rights and Animal Research in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzog, Harold A.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews two prominent philosophical justifications for animal liberation and describes a simulation that facilitates class discussion of animal research issues. Students reported that the exercise increased their awareness of the issues and of the complexity of making ethical decisions. (DB)

  10. Talking about history: discussions in a middle school inclusive classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okolo, Cynthia M; Ferretti, Ralph P; MacArthur, Charles A

    2007-01-01

    In this study, we examined the nature of whole-class discussion and teachers' instruction during discussion about historical topics in one inclusive, middle-grade classroom. We videotaped and analyzed 4 lessons to determine the nature of discussion sequences, rates of participation, and instructional challenges encountered by the teacher and students. We triangulated our analysis of observational data with teacher interviews. The results showed high rates of student participation, with no differences between students with and without disabilities. The teacher initiated and controlled the discussion, and nearly all student responses were from teacher to student rather than from student to student. The teacher encountered three challenges in developing students' understanding, and we identify specific practices she used to address these challenges. Based on students' response to measures administered by project staff and on their scores on statewide tests, this teacher's practices seemed to be highly effective.

  11. Online discussion boards in dental education: potential and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linjawi, A I; Walmsley, A D; Hill, K B

    2012-02-01

    Online discussion boards may enhance critical analysis and reflection, and promote the acquisition of knowledge. To assess the effectiveness of online discussion board as a pedagogical tool in augmenting face-to-face teaching in dental education. Data were collected from a discussion archive offered through the E-course website of the School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, UK in 2008. A multi-component metric included; participation, social learning, cognitive processing, role of instructors, and quality of discussion. Messages were coded for 14 variables to evaluate these dimensions. Data were analyzed using content analysis methodology and a complete message was uses as the unit of analysis. There were no significant difference in participation between students and instructors (Phigher level learning and collaborative thinking. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  12. Video and Course Context Discussion on Massive Open Online Courses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dubosson, Magali; Emad, Sabine; Broillet, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    Video and Course Content Discussion on Massive Open Online Courses: An Exploratory Research—Magali Dubosson (HEG Fribourg), Sabine Emad (HEG Genève), Alexandra Broillet (University of Geneva and Webster University Geneva), Constance Kampf (Aarhus University, Denmark)...

  13. Discussion on the thermal conductivity enhancement of nanofluids

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Xie, Huaqing; Yu, Wei; Li, Yang; Chen, Lifei

    2011-01-01

    .... We produced a series of nanofluids and measured their thermal conductivities. In this article, we discussed the measurements and the enhancements of the thermal conductivity of a variety of nanofluids...

  14. Pretest online discussion groups to augment teaching and learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhn, Jonathan; Hasbargen, Barbara; Miziniak, Halina

    2010-01-01

    Tests and final examination scores of three semesters of control students in a nursing foundation course were compared with tests and final examination scores of three semesters of participating students. Participating students were offered access to an asynchronous pretest online discussion activity with a faculty e-moderator. While the simplified Bloom's revised taxonomy assisted in creating appropriate preparatory test and final examination questions for pretest online discussion, Salmon's five-stage online method provided direction to the e-moderator on how to encourage students to achieve Bloom's higher-order thinking skills during the pretest online discussions. Statistical analysis showed the pretest online discussion activity had a generally positive impact on tests and final examination scores, when controlling for a number of possible confounding variables, including instructor, cumulative grade point average, age, and credit hours.

  15. International Discussion Meeting on High-Tc Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    1988-01-01

    In the past two years conferences on superconductivity have been characterized by the attendance of hundreds of scientists. Consequently, the organizers were forced to schedule numerous parallel sessions and poster presentations with an almost unsurveyable amount of information. It was, therefore, felt that a more informal get-together, providing ample time for a thourough discussion of some topics of current interest in high-temperature superconductivity, was timely and benefitial for leading scientists as well as for newcomers in the field. The present volume contains the majority of papers presented at the International Discussion Meeting on High-Tc Superconductors held at the Mauterndorf Castle in the Austrian Alps from February 7 to 11, 1988. Each subject was introduced in review form by a few invited speakers and then discussed together with the contributed poster presentations. These discussion sessions chaired by selected scientists turned out to be the highlights of the meeting, not only because all ...

  16. Evaluating Critical Thinking in Computer Mediated Communication Discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faizah Mohamad

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an investigation of whether computer mediated communication (CMC can develop critical thinking in language classrooms. The research was conducted at a university branch campus in Malaysia over a period of 12 weeks. It involved three groups of learners in which each group was exposed to different discussion modes. The first group was exposed to a CMC discussion mode, the second group was exposed to a mixed mode of CMC and face-to-face (F2F discussions and the third group had only the face-to-face mode of discussion. The critical thinking development in these three conditions was evaluated based on the content analysis method used by Newman, Johnson, Cochrane and Webb (1995. This research reports the findings which hopefully will give some insight to other teaching practitioners who are interested in incorporating IT in their classrooms

  17. IRIS Toxicological Review for Acrylamide (Interagency Science Discussion Draft)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA is releasing the draft report, Toxicological Review for Acrylamide, that was distributed to Federal agencies and White House Offices for comment during the Science Discussion step of the IRIS Assessment Development Process<...

  18. Language use in the informed consent discussion for emergency procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Danielle M; Leone, Katrina A; Salzman, David H; Vozenilek, John A; Cameron, Kenzie A

    2012-01-01

    The field of health literacy has closely examined the readability of written health materials to optimize patient comprehension. Few studies have examined spoken communication in a way that is comparable to analyses of written communication. The study objective was to characterize the structural elements of residents' spoken words while obtaining informed consent. Twenty-six resident physicians participated in a simulated informed consent discussion with a standardized patient. Audio recordings of the discussions were transcribed and analyzed to assess grammar statistics for evaluating language complexity (e.g., reading grade level). Transcripts and time values were used to assess structural characteristics of the dialogue (e.g., interactivity). Discussions were characterized by physician verbal dominance. The discussions were interactive but showed significant differences between the physician and patient speech patterns for all language complexity metrics. In this study, physicians spoke significantly more and used more complex language than the patients.

  19. Challenges to code status discussions for pediatric patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine E Kruse

    Full Text Available In the context of serious or life-limiting illness, pediatric patients and their families are faced with difficult decisions surrounding appropriate resuscitation efforts in the event of a cardiopulmonary arrest. Code status orders are one way to inform end-of-life medical decision making. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the extent to which pediatric providers have knowledge of code status options and explore the association of provider role with (1 knowledge of code status options, (2 perception of timing of code status discussions, (3 perception of family receptivity to code status discussions, and (4 comfort carrying out code status discussions.Nurses, trainees (residents and fellows, and attending physicians from pediatric units where code status discussions typically occur completed a short survey questionnaire regarding their knowledge of code status options and perceptions surrounding code status discussions.Single center, quaternary care children's hospital.203 nurses, 31 trainees, and 29 attending physicians in 4 high-acuity pediatric units responded to the survey (N = 263, 90% response rate. Based on an objective knowledge measure, providers demonstrate poor understanding of available code status options, with only 22% of providers able to enumerate more than two of four available code status options. In contrast, provider groups self-report high levels of familiarity with available code status options, with attending physicians reporting significantly higher levels than nurses and trainees (p = 0.0125. Nurses and attending physicians show significantly different perception of code status discussion timing, with majority of nurses (63.4% perceiving discussions as occurring "too late" or "much too late" and majority of attending physicians (55.6% perceiving the timing as "about right" (p<0.0001. Attending physicians report significantly higher comfort having code status discussions with families than do nurses or trainees

  20. Irish Culinary Manuscripts and Printed Books:a Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Mac Con Iomaire, Máirtín; Cashman, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides a discussion of Irish Culinary Manuscripts and Printed Cookbooks. It covers Gaelic hospitality and aristocratic hospitality, setting the background for the Anglo-Irish households from which many manuscripts emerge. It charts the growing sources of information on Irish culinary history. It outlines Barbara Wheaton's framework for reading historic cookbooks and discusses the growing manuscript cookbook collection in the National Library of Ireland.

  1. Friedreich's ataxia cardiomyopathy: case based discussion and management issues.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hanley, A

    2010-04-01

    Cardiac involvement is common in Friedreich\\'s Ataxia and is a common cause of premature death. Evidence regarding treatment of congestive heart failure in patients with Friedreich\\'s Ataxia is lacking. The case of a 31-year-old male with advanced Friedreich\\'s Ataxia who presented with an acute diarrhoeal illness and features of acute heart failure is discussed. We then review the reported cardiac manifestations of Friedreich\\'s Ataxia and discuss management options.

  2. Entity-Based Discussion Forum for Drupal 7

    OpenAIRE

    Werling, Rasmus

    2011-01-01

    This thesis describes the planning and creation of an entity-based discussion forum module for the content management system Drupal 7. The main focus is on how the new entities in Drupal 7 are taken into use in a discussion forum module created from scratch. Also the database structure, the different implemented features and the integration with the Views module are explained. The major differences between Drupal 6 and Drupal 7 are dealt with as well: how everything circled around nod...

  3. Panel discussion on the future of particle physics

    CERN Multimedia

    Perkins, Donald Hill; Veltman, Martinus J G; Okun, Lev Borisovich; Aymar, Robert; Weinberg, Steven; Darriulat, Pierre; Glashow, Sheldon Lee; van der Meer, S; Gianotti, F; Antoniadis, Ignatios; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Llewellyn Smith, Christopher Hubert; Telegdi, Valentine Louis; Bellettini, Giorgio; Soergel, Volker

    2004-01-01

    The projects that are to be undertaken by CERN in future are discussed in this paper. The discovery of Higgs at LHC and R&D at CLIC are reported. The introduction of Higgs bosons gave rise to new problems such as mass hierarchy and electroweak symmetry breaking. Solutions to the above problems using physics beyond standard model are also reported in this paper. The paper also discusses about the long-time scale associated to the projects.

  4. The Development of Social Climate in Virtual Learning Discussion Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Avigail Oren; David Mioduser; Rafi Nachmias

    2002-01-01

    As the educational use of computer mediated communication (CMC) increases there is growing interest among researchers as to social processes evolving within the varied models of group work using Internet – e.g., special interest groups, topical discussion groups, discussion forums attached to virtual courses, and learning communities. In this paper we present a synthetic summary of five studies that explored social climate issues in synchronous and asynchronous online activities in academic c...

  5. A discussion of molecular biology methods for protein engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawaira, Alexander; Pooran, Anil; Barichievy, Samantha; Chopera, Denis

    2012-05-01

    A number of molecular biology techniques are available to generate variants from a particular start gene for eventual protein expression. We discuss the basic principles of these methods in a repertoire that may be used to achieve the elemental steps in protein engineering. These include site-directed, deletion and insertion mutagenesis. We provide detailed case studies, drawn from our own experiences, packaged together with conceptual discussions and include an analysis of the techniques presented with regards to their uses in protein engineering.

  6. An Interview with Denise Grocke: Discussing GIM and its Adaptations

    OpenAIRE

    Erin Montgomery

    2015-01-01

    This interview with Denise Grocke discusses her paths to music therapy and GIM as well as her integral role in the history of the Australian Music Therapy Association (AMTA) and the Music and Imagery Association of Australia (MIAA). Denise speaks about her interviews with Helen Bonny for her PhD thesis, and her recently published textbook Guided Imagery & Music (GIM) and Music Imagery Methods for Individual and Group Therapy, (co-edited with Torben Moe). Dr. Grocke discusses GIM and its adapt...

  7. Dynamical networks of influence in small group discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moussaïd, Mehdi; Noriega Campero, Alejandro; Almaatouq, Abdullah

    2018-01-01

    In many domains of life, business and management, numerous problems are addressed by small groups of individuals engaged in face-to-face discussions. While research in social psychology has a long history of studying the determinants of small group performances, the internal dynamics that govern a group discussion are not yet well understood. Here, we rely on computational methods based on network analyses and opinion dynamics to describe how individuals influence each other during a group discussion. We consider the situation in which a small group of three individuals engages in a discussion to solve an estimation task. We propose a model describing how group members gradually influence each other and revise their judgments over the course of the discussion. The main component of the model is an influence network-a weighted, directed graph that determines the extent to which individuals influence each other during the discussion. In simulations, we first study the optimal structure of the influence network that yields the best group performances. Then, we implement a social learning process by which individuals adapt to the past performance of their peers, thereby affecting the structure of the influence network in the long run. We explore the mechanisms underlying the emergence of efficient or maladaptive networks and show that the influence network can converge towards the optimal one, but only when individuals exhibit a social discounting bias by downgrading the relative performances of their peers. Finally, we find a late-speaker effect, whereby individuals who speak later in the discussion are perceived more positively in the long run and are thus more influential. The numerous predictions of the model can serve as a basis for future experiments, and this work opens research on small group discussion to computational social sciences.

  8. Maintaining Live Discussion in Two-Stage Open Peer Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandewall, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Open peer review has been proposed for a number of reasons, in particular, for increasing the transparency of the article selection process for a journal, and for obtaining a broader basis for feedback to the authors and for the acceptance decision. The review discussion may also in itself have a value for the research community. These goals rely on the existence of a lively review discussion, but several experiments with open-process peer review in recent years have encountered the problem of faltering review discussions. The present article addresses the question of how lively review discussion may be fostered by relating the experience of the journal Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence (ETAI) which was an early experiment with open peer review. Factors influencing the discussion activity are identified. It is observed that it is more difficult to obtain lively discussion when the number of contributed articles increases, which implies difficulties for scaling up the open peer review model. Suggestions are made for how this difficulty may be overcome. PMID:22363282

  9. Shaping stereotypical behaviour through the discussion of social stereotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Laura G E; Postmes, Tom

    2011-03-01

    In two studies, we demonstrate that small group discussions change the extent to which an activated stereotype affects performance in a relevant domain. In Study 1, female participants were asked why men are (or are not) better than them at maths. They generated their answers individually or through group discussion, and their subsequent maths performance was highest when they collectively challenged the stereotype and lowest when they collectively affirmed the stereotype. When participants affirmed the stereotype through discussion, they used more theories which supported the validity of the stereotype, compared to the individual thought condition; and consensus mediated the effect of group discussion on performance (relative to individual rumination). In Study 2, male and female participants affirmed or challenged the stereotype in same-gender discussion groups. After affirming the stereotype, women's performance decreased relative to their baseline scores and men's performance was 'lifted'. In contrast, when they challenged the stereotype, there was no difference between the performance of men and women on the maths test. This pattern of effects was mediated by confidence in mathematical ability. The findings support the idea that topical small group discussions can, in the short term, differentially alter the impact that stereotypes have on performance. ©2010 The British Psychological Society.

  10. Using Discussions to Promote Critical Thinking in an Online Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nega Debela

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how the discussion tool is used to promote critical thinking in an online environment at Marshall University. The significance of critical thinking in higher education has been brought to attention at both national and local levels. The paper studies the use of discussions as an approach to promote critical thinking in a number of English as a Second Language (ESL courses offered by Marshall University's Graduate School of Education and Professional Development (GSEPD program. At the end of the semester, a qualitative survey was developed to identify the effectiveness of such discussions, and the opportunities for improvement. The survey was sent to all students in these three classes. These students were all full time teachers in Elementary and Secondary schools in West Virginia. Out of 21 students, 15 of them have responded to the three questions asked in the survey. Almost all the respondents have found discussion helpful in enhancing learning and critical thinking. Most students support the involvement of an online instructor in the online discussion, and faculty members involved in these discussions function as helpers in the development of critical thinking skills.

  11. Patient Perspectives on Discussions of Electronic Cigarettes in Primary Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doescher, Mark P; Wu, Ming; Rainwater, Elizabeth; Khan, Ali S; Rhoades, Dorothy A

    2018-01-01

    Patient preferences regarding the role of the primary care provider (PCP) in discussing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use are unknown. We administered a cross-sectional survey to 568 adult patients in a family medicine clinic to explore e-cigarette use, sources of information on e-cigarettes, perceived knowledge about e-cigarette health effects, views regarding PCP knowledge of e-cigarettes, interest in discussing e-cigarettes with PCPs and preferred format for e-cigarette information. We performed χ2 testing with a 2-tailed P 30 days) use. Prevalence was significantly higher among those who were younger, less educated, or smoked cigarettes, but did not vary by sex or self-reported health status. Roughly one quarter of participants believed they were knowledgeable about the health effects of e-cigarettes, secondhand smoke, and quitting cigarettes. Sources of e-cigarette information included television advertisements (56.6%), friends and family (49.9%), or e-cigarette shops (25.5%), but included physician offices much less frequently (6.0%). Although 30.2% disagreed that their PCP knew a lot about e-cigarettes, 62.0% were comfortable discussing e-cigarettes with their PCP. However, only 25% of all patients wanted their PCP to discuss e-cigarettes with them, but 62.0% of recent e-cigarette users wanted such a discussion. Most preferred a brief discussion or handout to a lengthy discussion. PCPs were infrequent sources of information for patients regarding e-cigarette use. PCPs need evidence-based strategies to help them address e-cigarettes in primary care. © Copyright 2018 by the American Board of Family Medicine.

  12. Impact of discussion on preferences elicited in a group setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milne Ruairidh

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The completeness of preferences is assumed as one of the axioms of expected utility theory but has been subject to little empirical study. Methods Fifteen non-health professionals was recruited and familiarised with the standard gamble technique. The group then met five times over six months and preferences were elicited independently on 41 scenarios. After individual valuation, the group discussed the scenarios, following which preferences could be changed. Changes made were described and summary measures (mean and median before and after discussion compared using paired t test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Semi-structured telephone interviews were carried out to explore attitudes to discussing preferences. These were transcribed, read by two investigators and emergent themes described. Results Sixteen changes (3.6% were made to preferences by seven (47% of the fifteen members. The difference between individual preference values before and after discussion ranged from -0.025 to 0.45. The average effect on the group mean was 0.0053. No differences before and after discussion were statistically significant. The group valued discussion highly and suggested it brought four main benefits: reassurance; improved procedural performance; increased group cohesion; satisfying curiosity. Conclusion The hypothesis that preferences are incomplete cannot be rejected for a proportion of respondents. However, brief discussion did not result in substantial number of changes to preferences and these did not have significant impact on summary values for the group, suggesting that incompleteness, if present, may not have an important effect on cost-utility analyses.

  13. Doctors discussing religion and spirituality: A systematic literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Best, Megan; Butow, Phyllis; Olver, Ian

    2016-04-01

    Discussion of religion and/or spirituality in the medical consultation is desired by patients and known to be beneficial. However, it is infrequent. We aimed to identify why this is so. We set out to answer the following research questions: Do doctors report that they ask their patients about religion and/or spirituality and how do they do it? According to doctors, how often do patients raise the issue of religion and/or spirituality in consultation and how do doctors respond when they do? What are the known facilitators and barriers to doctors asking their patients about religion and/or spirituality? A mixed qualitative/quantitative review was conducted to identify studies exploring the physician's perspective on discussion of religion and/or spirituality in the medical consultation. We searched nine databases from inception to January 2015 for original research papers reporting doctors' views on discussion of religion and/or spirituality in medical consultations. Papers were assessed for quality using QualSyst and results were reported using a measurement tool to assess systematic review guidelines. Overall, 61 eligible papers were identified, comprising over 20,044 physician reports. Religion and spirituality are discussed infrequently by physicians although frequency increases with terminal illness. Many physicians prefer chaplain referral to discussing religion and/or spirituality with patients themselves. Such discussions are facilitated by prior training and increased physician religiosity and spirituality. Insufficient time and training were the most frequently reported barriers. This review found that physician enquiry into the religion and/or spirituality of patients is inconsistent in frequency and nature and that in order to meet patient needs, barriers to discussion need to be overcome. © The Author(s) 2015.

  14. Discussing and prescribing expensive unfunded anticancer drugs in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karikios, Deme John; Mileshkin, Linda; Martin, Andrew; Ferraro, Danielle; Stockler, Martin R

    2017-01-01

    Australia has a publicly funded universal healthcare system which heavily subsidises the cost of most registered anticancer drugs. The use of anticancer drugs that are unfunded, that is, not subsidised by the government, entails substantial out-of-pocket costs for patients. We sought to determine how frequently Australian medical oncologists discuss and prescribe unfunded anticancer drugs, and their attitudes and beliefs about their use. Members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (MOGA) completed an online survey about their clinical practices over a recent 3-month period. A negative binomial regression model was used to examine the influence of respondent characteristics on the rate of discussions about, and prescription of, unfunded anticancer drugs. Of the 154 respondents (27% of 575 MOGA members), 92% had discussed and 68% had prescribed at least one unfunded anticancer drug in the last 3 months. Respondents reported discussing unfunded anticancer drugs with an average of 2.5 patients per month (95% CI 2.1 to 2.9), and prescribed them to an average of 0.9 patients per month (95% CI 0.7 to 1.2). The rate of discussing unfunded anticancer drugs was associated with being fully qualified (p=0.01), and being in a metropolitan practice (p=0.009), the rate of prescription was associated only with being in metropolitan practice (p=0.006). The concerns about discussing and prescribing unfunded anticancer drugs rated most important were as follows: 'potential to cause financial hardship' and 'difficulty for patients to evaluate the benefits versus the costs'. Australian medical oncologists frequently discuss and prescribe unfunded anticancer drugs, and are concerned about their patients having to face difficult decisions and financial hardship. Further research is needed to better understand the factors that affect how oncologists and patients value expensive, unfunded anticancer drugs.

  15. Semiology of aphasias: a critical discussion / Semiologia das afasias: uma discussão crítica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana do Carmo Novaes Pinto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the semiology of aphasias, which started being developed in the 19th century by Broca and Wernicke. We do not provide an exhaustive list of symptoms and syndromes to address the theme, since we aim to critically discuss why the semiology of aphasias is still based mainly on organic perspectives in clinical practice and scientific research. We also discuss the contributions of Luria and Jakobson to a better understanding of how language is affected in aphasias and how Modern Linguistics, in special the Discursive Neurolinguistics, may enlighten the debate. We analyze some data to illustrate the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the above mentioned approaches and also discuss the excessive strength that classifications have in the clinical context.

  16. ECONOMIC DESIGN IN SOCIALISM: MODERN UNDERSTANDING OF DISCUSSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Kovalev

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Necessity of improvement of the system pertaining to distribution of limited resources obligatory leads to reduction of state interference in these processes. While discussing the economic design in socialism in the period of 1920–1930 the Austrian school presented significant arguments against any interference in resource distribution. Socialists’ objections (initial idea of socialism as money-free economy; possibility to determine price structure that excludes deficit and glut in the market fail to pass theoretical and time testing. The existing opinion that the Austrians are losers in this discussion is related to their permanent additional arguments without acknowledging their own mistakes that had been made in their previous discussions and declaring that their opponents occupy positions at the second line of the defense. Last works of Austrian representatives re-consider final results of the discussion about the possibility of economic design in socialism taking into account changes in general approach to evaluation of the results of scientific discussion

  17. Evaluación del desenlace y características clínicas de una serie de niños con neutropenia febril sin foco en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, 2000-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Adelaida Aristizábal Gil

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la neutropenia febril (NF se asocia a infección en 48-60% de los casos y es la segunda causa de ingreso hospitalario al servicio de oncología pediátrica. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el desenlace de una serie de niños, que recibían tratamiento para neutropenia febril sin foco aparente, según un protocolo preestablecido en el Servicio de Hematooncología infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: se incluyeron retrospectivamente historias clínicas de pacientes menores de 15 años con diagnóstico nuevo de neoplasia maligna y neutropenia febril sin foco, hospitalizados en un lapso de 5 años. Los datos se registraron en un formato preestablecido. RESULTADOS: se incluyeron 103 historias clínicas con 182 episodios de NF; 34,1% fueron pacientes con leucemia linfoblástica riesgo estándar (LLA, 19,8% LLA de alto riesgo y 13,7%, linfoma no Hodking. 68,1% tuvieron NF grave y en 94,5% se había aplicado quimioterapia previa (79,7% intensiva. La infección se documentó clínicamente en 38,4% y microbiológicamente en 25,2% de los episodios; hubo bacteriemia en 15,4% de los episodios, 3,3% con urocultivo positivo y 6,5% con aislamiento del invasor en otros sitios. Los microorganismos más frecuentes fueron Escherichia coli (24% y Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13%. Hubo mayor resistencia a ceftriazona y cefatzidime tanto de gérmenes grampositivos como de gramnegativos y producción de betalactamasas en 9% durante un año de evaluación; 50% de los aislamientos de S. aureus coagulasa negativo fueron resistentes a oxacilina. En 37 episodios hubo complicaciones (20,2%, la más frecuente de las cuales fue la afectación cardiopulmonar; en 25,2% fracasó el tratamiento, en 21,4% hubo respuesta parcial y 7 pacientes (3,8% fallecieron. CONCLUSIONES: los hallazgos son similares a los reportados por otros autores; predominan en nuestra unidad los microorganismos gramnegativos como causa importante de

  18. Suppression and repression: A theoretical discussion illustrated by a movie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Lucia de Souza Campos Paiva

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The first translations of Freud's work into Portuguese have presented problems because they were not translated from the German language. More than a hundred years after the beginning of Psychoanalysis, there are still many discussions on Freud's metapsychology and a considerable difficulty in obtaining a consensus on the translation of some concepts. This paper refers back to Freud's concepts of primal repression, repression and suppression. In order to discuss such concepts, we have made use of a film, co-produced by Germans and Argentineans, which is named "The Song in me" (Das Lied in mir, released to the public in 2011 and directed by Florian Micoud Cossen. Through this motion picture, the following of Freud's concepts are analyzed, and the differentiation between them is discussed: suppression and repression, as well as the importance of their precise translation.

  19. Synthetic biology analysed tools for discussion and evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Synthetic biology is a dynamic, young, ambitious, attractive, and heterogeneous scientific discipline. It is constantly developing and changing, which makes societal evaluation of this emerging new science a challenging task, prone to misunderstandings. Synthetic biology is difficult to capture, and confusion arises not only regarding which part of synthetic biology the discussion is about, but also with respect to the underlying concepts in use. This book offers a useful toolbox to approach this complex and fragmented field. It provides a biological access to the discussion using a 'layer' model that describes the connectivity of synthetic or semisynthetic organisms and cells to the realm of natural organisms derived by evolution. Instead of directly reviewing the field as a whole, firstly our book addresses the characteristic features of synthetic biology that are relevant to the societal discussion. Some of these features apply only to parts of synthetic biology, whereas others are relevant to synthetic bi...

  20. [Virtual discussion groups: a proposal for nursing teaching].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dal Pai, Daiane; Lautert, Liana

    2007-09-01

    This paper describes a teaching experience aimed at providing interactivity to the technique of field diary by using a virtual learning environment. The educational proposal derives from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS)'s Teaching Training Program of the Stricto Sensu Post-Graduation Program in Nursing, in which the author, a Master's degree candidate, oriented by her advisor, proposed forming virtual discussion groups in order to write the field diary for an undergraduate discipline in Nursing, with the aim of providing an opportunity for a joint discussion of academic experiences in the realm of practice. The instructors of the discipline in which the proposal was developed also participated in the activities. The virtual technology gave new dynamism to the technique of field diary, making possible an exchange of experiences among the students, the instructor and the author, as well as moments of reflection and discussion regarding the themes faced in the Nursing practice.

  1. Social and legal dimensions discussion of conscientious refusal in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şeniz ANBARLI BOZATAY

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Even though the discussion of conscientious objection, the refusal of military service due to individual’s moral values or religious beliefs, is new in Turkey, the subject has become the focus of intense interest. The discussion of conscientious objection in Turkey has come the to the fore with the heated debates between the glorification of the dynamics of Turkish social structure towards military service and the critique of militarism and conscientious objection’s legal dimensions, as well. Since the reduction of discussions in this context in Turkey to the legal dimension is the ignorance of social reality constituting basis to the legal dimension, the subject is examined with reference to the social and historical outlook on this issue and the study is built on dimensions.

  2. Promoting colorectal cancer screening discussion: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christy, Shannon M; Perkins, Susan M; Tong, Yan; Krier, Connie; Champion, Victoria L; Skinner, Celette Sugg; Springston, Jeffrey K; Imperiale, Thomas F; Rawl, Susan M

    2013-04-01

    Provider recommendation is a predictor of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. To compare the effects of two clinic-based interventions on patient-provider discussions about CRC screening. Two-group RCT with data collected at baseline and 1 week post-intervention. African-American patients that were non-adherent to CRC screening recommendations (n=693) with a primary care visit between 2008 and 2010 in one of 11 urban primary care clinics. Participants received either a computer-delivered tailored CRC screening intervention or a nontailored informational brochure about CRC screening immediately prior to their primary care visit. Between-group differences in odds of having had a CRC screening discussion about a colon test, with and without adjusting for demographic, clinic, health literacy, health belief, and social support variables, were examined as predictors of a CRC screening discussion using logistic regression. Intervention effects on CRC screening test order by PCPs were examined using logistic regression. Analyses were conducted in 2011 and 2012. Compared to the brochure group, greater proportions of those in the computer-delivered tailored intervention group reported having had a discussion with their provider about CRC screening (63% vs 48%, OR=1.81, p<0.001). Predictors of a discussion about CRC screening included computer group participation, younger age, reason for visit, being unmarried, colonoscopy self-efficacy, and family member/friend recommendation (all p-values <0.05). The computer-delivered tailored intervention was more effective than a nontailored brochure at stimulating patient-provider discussions about CRC screening. Those who received the computer-delivered intervention also were more likely to have a CRC screening test (fecal occult blood test or colonoscopy) ordered by their PCP. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00672828. Copyright © 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights

  3. Discussion as media and tool in PBL project-groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spliid, Claus Monrad

    2013-01-01

    on the discussions which groups undertake in their pursuit of problem-solutions fulfilling assessed real-world needs as well as meeting the requirements of the educational program, it is concluded that discussions serve as a media for achieving learning and as a tool for developing skills essential for professional......The Aalborg PBL Model encourages project-management as a way for students to achieve efficiency and effectiveness in their study-projects. This paper looks into how the development of conversation skills relates to project-management as well as other factors. Through analysis of interviews focusing...

  4. Creating video-annotated discussions: An asynchronous alternative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig D. Howard

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the authors illustrate the design and development of a pedagogical intervention using video annotations in a pre-service teacher education courrse. An annotation platform was selected and video was shot to create a video backdrop on which asynchronous discussions would take place. The article addresses design considerations in the selection of video, the editing process, and the development of a tutorial to lead learners through their first experience with this form of discussion. Learner participation samples were collected, and an analysis of the design process concludes the article.

  5. What Asexuality Contributes to the Same-Sex Marriage Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Kristin S

    2010-01-01

    While same-sex marriage debates have captured public attention, it is but one component of a broader discussion regarding the role of marriage in a changing society. To inform this discussion, I draw on qualitative, Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual individuals. I find that asexual relationships are complicated and nuanced in ways that have implications for a GLBTQ political agenda, including same-sex marriage recognition. In addition, findings indicate that assumptions of sex and sexuality in relationships are problematic and that present language for describing relationships is limiting. Findings suggest a social justice agenda for marginalized sexualities should be broader in scope than same-sex marriage.

  6. Concluding remarks: Faraday Discussion on chemistry in the urban atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez, Jose L

    2016-07-18

    This article summarises the Concluding remarks from the Faraday Discussion on Chemistry in the Urban Atmosphere. The following themes are addressed: (a) new results that inform our understanding of the evolving sources and composition of the urban atmosphere ("News"); (b) results that identify gaps in our understanding that necessitate further work ("Gaps"); (c) the emerging instrumentation revolution and some of the challenges that it brings; (d) the structural issues of insufficient support for the analysis of field campaigns; and (e) some important areas that were missing from this Faraday Discussion and that should receive an increasing focus in the future.

  7. Promoting and Scaffolding Argumentation through Reflective Asynchronous Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Huann-shyang; Hong, Zuway-R.; Lawrenz, Frances

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to explore the impact of asynchronous discussion on the quality and complexity of college students' arguments. Three different cohorts of students registered in a physical science course in 2009 Fall, 2010 Spring, and 2010 Fall semesters were briefly supported with scaffolding in class and then…

  8. Developing Discussion Leaders through Scaffolded Lesson-Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohlmeier, Jada; Saye, John

    2017-01-01

    In this study we report the findings of a two-year professional development study using scaffolded lesson-study to encourage and support four teachers' desire to use discussion with increased frequency and quality. We joined a collaborative community of practice made up of one university researcher, two classroom teachers, and a political science…

  9. Round table discussion on bat-conservation – Summary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Punt, A.

    1970-01-01

    Under the chairmanship of dr. A. van Wijngaarden (Netherlands’ Institute of Nature Research) a discussion on bat conservation was held. Seventeen speakers, representing 13 countries reported on the problems existing in various areas. Reports came from Van Wijngaarden and Braaksma (the Netherlands),

  10. Reading Discussion Groups for Teachers: Connecting Theory to Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenton-Smith, Ben; Stillwell, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how teachers can engage with ideas (research findings, theory, and professional knowledge) through participation in a reading discussion group. Focusing on one group formed by English language teachers at a Japanese university, the study employs survey data, attendance statistics, and observational notes regarding the group's…

  11. A Blueprint for Implementing Small-Group Collaborative Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulieu-Jones, Lisa; Proctor, C. Patrick

    2016-01-01

    The adoption of the Common Core in many states across the country means we need to explore instructional approaches that promote student language use in order to meet many of the complex linguistic standards that comprise the Common Core. In this Teaching Tip, we provide a blueprint for a 4-week collaborative discussion mini-unit that a second…

  12. How to Have a Successful Science and Ethics Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowning, Jeanne Ting

    2005-01-01

    Some teachers are uncomfortable with teaching ethics, a subject that science teachers often have very little experience with. Ethics as a discipline is full of unfamiliar terms and its own jargon. Other teachers fear classroom discussions getting out of control, degenerating into a battle of opinions, or having parents and administrators confuse…

  13. Patterns of Emoticon Usage in ESL Students' Discussion Forum Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halvorsen, Andy

    2012-01-01

    This mixed-methods study looks at patterns of emoticon usage in adult, ESL student writing. Data are drawn from 13 students and their participation in online discussion forums designed to supplement a traditional ESL writing course. The study conceptualizes computer mediated communication as a hybridized and emergent form which utilizes features…

  14. A Discussion of Art Therapy as a Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gantt, Linda M.

    1998-01-01

    Examines four factors that may cause art therapists to reject the scientific method. Gives an overview of historical developments in science to provide a background for a discussion of each factor. Includes material from anthropology, psychoanalysis, and alternative health care. Offers suggestions for training art therapists in scientific…

  15. A formal account of complex argumentation in a critical discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, J.; Mohammed, D.; Lewiński, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, I present a dialogue game approach to the argumentation stage of a critical discussion. This formal perspective on the pragma-dialectical ideal model is meant to facilitate a contribution of pragma-dialectical theorising to the field of argumentation and computation. The dialogue game

  16. Designing museum exhibits that facilitate visitor reflection and discussion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skydsgaard, Morten Arnika; Andersen, Hanne Møller; King, Heather

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores how four design principles (curiosity, challenge, narratives and participation) facilitate reflection and discussion among young visitors in the issues-based exhibition Dear, Difficult Body. The investigation is based on a mixed-method approach combining questionnaire and inte......This paper explores how four design principles (curiosity, challenge, narratives and participation) facilitate reflection and discussion among young visitors in the issues-based exhibition Dear, Difficult Body. The investigation is based on a mixed-method approach combining questionnaire...... and interview data. The implementation of design principles resulted in a variety of exhibits which variously prompted reflection and discussion on the part of visitors. Exhibits with narratives, for example, here defined as both personal and expert narratives, were found to be effective in facilitating...... pupils’ attention but also worked well with other design principles to engage the pupils in sustained reflection and discussion. While other contextual factors remain significant in determining visitor responses, this paper argues that the use of design principles can help create visitor experiences...

  17. Induced abortion in Nigeria: findings from focus group discussion ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abortion is carried out daily in Nigeria despite the restrictive abortion law. This study was carried out to obtain information on societal attitude to the issues of family planning, unwanted pregnancy, abortion, adoption of children and laws relating to them. Focus group discussions were held in south-western Nigeria among 11 ...

  18. 75 FR 8427 - Civil Supersonic Aircraft Panel Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ..., supersonic flight over land by civil aircraft has been prohibited in the United States. The Concorde was the... Federal Aviation Administration Civil Supersonic Aircraft Panel Discussion AGENCY: Federal Aviation... persons that the FAA is participating in a panel session on civil supersonic aircraft research. The...

  19. Does Feedback Influence Student Postings to Online Discussions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrina A. Meyer, Ph.D.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Feedback theory proposes that feedback influences the behavior of a system and its parts and that is governed by rules. This exploratory study attempts to test this theory in a graduate-level class on leadership theory. Twelve students were asked to participate in five online discussions, each lasting one week. The questions for each discussion were selected to be provocative and rich, without having any correct answer. At the end of the discussion, students were asked to indicate which posting and poster they felt was “best” or most valuable and why they felt the posting was “best.” There is mixed evidence that the voting influenced subsequent postings; some individuals did improve while others were consistently good or poor posters. Students selected postings that were (in declining frequency of occurrence: thoughtful or thought-provoking, well written or justified, uplifting, presented new information, same as their own opinions, changed me, or complex. These reasons are similar to those of the instructor, although the students’ difficulty in choosing and rationalizing a choice and the frequency at which students chose posts that captured their own thoughts and opinions are of some concern. This study provides some evidence that these graduate students could evaluate their own discussions without the instructor intruding or dictating an evaluation scheme, although this may not be true for other groups of online students.

  20. Discussing Pedagogical Dilemmas with Teacher Educators: Facilitating Their Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaffe, Elka; Maskit, Ditza

    2010-01-01

    The article describes action research that followed the professional development process of teacher educators engaged in the role of workshop mentors. The inquiry into their own practice and discussions about pedagogical dilemmas proved to be ways of conducting self-study during the interactive team meetings. The goal of these meetings was to…

  1. Using Statcast to lift the discussion of projectile motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, P. B.

    2017-04-01

    Home run data from Major League Baseball's Statcast can be described by adding a lift force to the equations of projectile motion commonly used in undergraduate computational physics courses. We discuss how the Statcast data can be implemented in the classroom.

  2. Developing a Comprehensive Metric for Assessing Discussion Board Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Robin H.

    2006-01-01

    The use of online discussion boards has grown extensively in the past 5 years, yet some researchers argue that our understanding of how to use this tool in an effective and meaningful way is minimal at best. Part of the problem in acquiring more cohesive and useful information rests in the absence of a comprehensive, theory-driven metric to assess…

  3. Ontario Kindergarten Teachers' Social Media Discussions about Full Day Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Meghan

    2014-01-01

    This exploratory netnographic study describes how a sample of Ontario kindergarten teachers perceive the new Ontario Full Day Kindergarten (FDK) curriculum. Discussions from teacher message boards, the comment sections of online news articles, and interviews with kindergarten teachers were analyzed and coded using a qualitative approach. Analysis…

  4. Shaping stereotypical behaviour through the discussion of social stereotypes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smith, Laura G. E.; Postmes, Tom

    In two studies, we demonstrate that small group discussions change the extent to which an activated stereotype affects performance in a relevant domain. In Study I, female participants were asked why men are (or are not) better than them at maths. They generated their answers individually or through

  5. Weighted deductive parsing and Knuth's algorithm - Squibs and discussions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederhof, MJ

    We discuss weighted deductive parsing and consider the problem of finding the derivation with the lowest weight. We show that Knuth's generalization of Dijkstra's algorithm for the shortest-path problem offers a general method to solve this problem. Our approach is modular in the sense that Knuth's

  6. "Sustainability" from A To Z: A Round-Table Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents an edited transcript from a round-table discussion in Boston between a group of architects and campus-sustainability directors. They met together with The Chronicle to talk about the issues on climate change, poverty, energy use, environmental health, and the role that colleges, and particularly their facilities offices, can…

  7. A GERMAN DISCUSSION OF ATOMIC WEAPONS AND THE LAW,

    Science.gov (United States)

    of the relationship between atomic weapons and the law has been discussed in the German press. On May 18, 1957, a letter to the editor was published...in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung uder the heading ’Atomic Weapons and the Law ’. The letter is reproduced in translation. Although it furnishes only

  8. Panel Discussion and the Development of Students' Self Confidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwar, Khoirul

    2016-01-01

    This study is to analyze the use of panel discussion towards the development of students' self confidence in learning the content subject of qualitative research concept. The study uses mix-method in which questionnaire and interview are conducted at the class of qualitative research of the sixth semester consisting twenty students especially…

  9. Discussion document on the ethical aspects of the allocation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This document has been approved by the Council of the World Medical Association (WMA) for publication and distribution to the national member associations_ The document is not an expression of WMA policy, but is simply intended to stimulate reflection and discussion about the issues associated with allocation of health ...

  10. Using Phatic Expressions in Introductions in Intercultural Online Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Lynn W.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the use of formulaic language in an intercultural communication encounter. It focuses particularly on phatic expressions used in an online discussion about gender stereotypes in English among 167 undergraduate university students in Taiwan, Israel, and the US. Content analysis methodology was used to examine whether there are…

  11. Public Discussion of Nuclear Warfare: A Time for Hope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Martha

    Anti-nuclear discourse, which peaked in 1981-82, signaled an emergence of public discourse on the nuclear warfare issue. During the development of the original atomic bomb, public discussion of the issue was severely restricted, but immediately after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, discourse on the subject increased. During the Cold War…

  12. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunvor Løkken

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.

  13. Using Debate in Helping Students Discuss Controversial Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallahi, Carolyn R.; Haney, Joseph D.

    2007-01-01

    We used 2 debates over the course of a semester to encourage upper level psychology students to engage in discussion about controversial issues. The debates considered issues in Affirmative Action and sexual diversity. Students completed a survey assessing their experiences both individually and as a team member. Students found it easier to…

  14. Energy saving lamps in the discussion; Energiesparlampen in der Diskussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-12-01

    In the contribution under consideration the following questions according to energy saving lamp are discussed: (a) Mercury from broken energy saving lamp - a health problem?; (b) Why did the Federal Environmental Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) measure the mercury emissions from energy saving lamps?; (c) Which consequences does the Federal Environmental Agency draw from the investigations?.

  15. Creating Discussions with Classroom Voting in Linear Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cline, Kelly; Zullo, Holly; Duncan, Jonathan; Stewart, Ann; Snipes, Marie

    2013-01-01

    We present a study of classroom voting in linear algebra, in which the instructors posed multiple-choice questions to the class and then allowed a few minutes for consideration and small-group discussion. After each student in the class voted on the correct answer using a classroom response system, a set of clickers, the instructor then guided a…

  16. What Is the Use of Theory? A Psychoanalytic Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britzman, Deborah P.

    2012-01-01

    Freud asking whether psychoanalysis could be taught in the university, and then whether it could be learned, provides an occasion for asking about the emotional uses of theory. The paper draws from literature, clinical writing and pedagogy to build a psychoanalytic discussion of teaching and learning that takes seriously phantasies of knowledge…

  17. Discussion Note: Contemporary Philosophy Versus the Free Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tibor R. Machan

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Some libertarians are impatient with philosophical discussions and even dismiss philosophy as not needed to make the case for the free society. I dispute this and indicate why. As many have found, even to dismiss philosophy, one needs a bit of it!

  18. A discussion of molecular biology methods for protein engineering

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Zawaira, A

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A number of molecular biology techniques are available to generate variants from a particular start gene for eventual protein expression. The authors discuss the basic principles of these methods in a repertoire that may be used to achieve...

  19. Group reports. The recommendations proposed by the seven discussion groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1989-01-01

    GROUP 1 — Discussion leader S.H. Sohmer — Organization and the ideal format of a large Flora (over 10,000 species) The Working Group first recognized that there are really two major categories of Flora projects serving quite different needs in the Malesian region: the local/national projects that

  20. Extending Students' Mathematical Thinking during Whole-Group Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cengiz, Nesrin; Kline, Kate; Grant, Theresa J.

    2011-01-01

    Studies show that extending students' mathematical thinking during whole-group discussions is a challenging undertaking. To better understand what extending student thinking looks like and how teachers' mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT) supports teachers in their efforts to extend student thinking, the teaching of six experienced…

  1. Lexical Bundles: Facilitating University "Talk" in Group Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heng, Chan Swee; Kashiha, Hadi; Tan, Helen

    2014-01-01

    Group discussion forms an integral language experience for most language learners, providing them with an opportunity to express themselves in a naturalistic setting. Multi-word expressions are commonly used and one of them is lexical bundles. Lexical bundles are types of extended collocations that occur more commonly than we expect; they are…

  2. Learning What Works: Promoting Small-Group Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeJarnette, Anna F.; Dao, Jennifer N.; González, Gloriana

    2014-01-01

    Many teachers have designed lessons for students who will be working in groups to discuss and solve a problem. After investing time in constructing an interesting problem, creating strategically designed groups, and introducing the problem carefully, teachers may be left wondering how to help students collaborate to make sense of mathematical…

  3. A Thematic Analysis of Online Discussion Boards for Vasectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samplaski, Mary K

    2017-09-28

    To examine posts on Internet discussion groups related to vasectomies, and identify common ideas through a structured theme analysis. Internet discussion boards were identified using the search term "vasectomy." Three discussion boards were identified as having the most posts and were chosen for analysis. Using an iterative and structured analysis process, each post was analyzed using thematic analysis in 3 steps (open coding, axial coding, and selective coding) to determine common themes. A total of 129 posts were analyzed. The most common posts related to changes in sexual function after vasectomy. The second most common theme was pain after vasectomy. There were also posts about considerations before vasectomy, planning for postvasectomy care, what to expect after vasectomy, potential issues after vasectomy and how to manage these, and feelings about vasectomy. Some of the information present did not have a factual basis. Posts dedicated to postvasectomy pain and sexual dysfunction were of the highest quantity. There was no medical provider input to these discussion boards. Educational efforts should be targeted to these areas and should include a health-care professional. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Academic Discourse Socialization through Small-Group Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Mei-ching

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the nature of small-group discussion and explores how it fosters oral academic discourse socialization in a TESOL postgraduate course. The participants included four native-English speaking and six non-native English Speaking postgraduate students at a state university in the U.S. The findings revealed that small-group…

  5. The Finnish Public Discussion of Giftedness and Gifted Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laine, Sonja

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the results of research in which the Finnish public discussion of giftedness and gifted children, and conceptions of giftedness and gifted children presented in it, were examined. The research was conducted by analyzing articles from the Finnish newspaper "Helsingin Sanomat" and the teachers'…

  6. Discussion: How different can perspectives on L2 development be?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulstijn, J.H.

    2015-01-01

    In this article I discuss the contributions to this special issue of Language Learning on orders and sequences in second language (L2) development. Using a list of questions, I attempt to characterize what I see as the strengths, limitations, and unresolved issues in the approaches to L2 development

  7. Analyzing discussions on twitter: Case study on HPV vaccinations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, R.; Boertjes, E.; Langley, D.

    2014-01-01

    In this work we analyze the discussions on Twitter around the Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations. We collect a dataset consisting of tweets related to the HPV vaccinations by searching for relevant keywords, by retrieving the conversations on Twitter, and by retrieving tweets from our user

  8. Virtual Manipulative Materials in Secondary Mathematics: A Theoretical Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namukasa, Immacukate K.; Stanley, Darren; Tuchtie, Martin

    2009-01-01

    With the increased use of computer manipulatives in teaching there is need for theoretical discussions on the role of manipulatives. This paper reviews theoretical rationales for using manipulatives and illustrates how earlier distinctions of manipulative materials are broadened to include new forms of materials such as virtual manipulatives.…

  9. Russian delegation visits NIH and NCI to discuss research collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    The NCI Center for Global Health hosted a delegation from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research to discuss ongoing and future collaborations in cancer research. The delegation was accompanied by representatives from the US Embassy in Moscow and the Embassy of the Russian Federation in Washington DC.

  10. The Effect of Using Online Discussion Forums on Students' Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alzahrani, Majed Gharmallah

    2017-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the effect of using online discussion forums (ODFs) on students' learning, particularly on their achievement. In order to achieve this, a quasi-experimental design was implemented during one academic semester at one of the leading universities in Saudi Arabia. The sample of this study involved undergraduate…

  11. Editorial: Discussion and debate | Wittenberg | South African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal of Child Health. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 8, No 3 (2014) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register. Editorial: Discussion and debate. D F Wittenberg. Abstract. No abstract ...

  12. Mathematics Discussions by Design: Creating Opportunities for Purposeful Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henning, John E.; McKeny, Timothy; Foley, Gregory D.; Balong, Megan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between instructional design and classroom discourse as implemented by a mathematics teacher. The instructional design in this study distinguished three different types of discussions--framing, conceptual, and application--based on their sequential position, their purpose, the…

  13. Umberto Eco on Libraries: A Discussion of "De Biblioteca."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, Michael F.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses a scholar's reactions to libraries made by Umberto Eco in "De Biblioteca." Topics addressed include functions of libraries, including collecting; accessibility of materials; the scholar's creative use of libraries, and discovering materials not looked for or known about; North American research libraries; photocopying; and…

  14. How Introverts versus Extroverts Approach Small-Group Argumentative Discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nussbaum, E. Michael

    2002-01-01

    Explored in two studies disparities between how students with different degrees of extroversion and introversion engaged in small-group discussions requiring construction and critique of arguments. Found that extroverted students exhibited a greater tendency to use conflictual discourse, whereas introverted students worked with one another…

  15. Teenage Cigarette Smoking Self Test and Discussion Leader's Guide. Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Health Service (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

    This self test was designed to help teenagers understand their feelings about cigarette smoking. The book contains a leader's guide which describes how the test can be used as a self-administered, self-scored tool; as a basis for group discussion; or for research purposes. Also included are six duplicating masters which are perforated for easy…

  16. Student-Moderated Discussion Boards in a Graduate Online Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRay, Jeni; Goertzen, Brent; Klaus, Kaley

    2016-01-01

    This application brief describes a "Module Discussant" activity assigned in an online graduate-level leadership theory course. The assignment was designed to stimulate higher-level thinking, apply leadership theory to practice, and foster extensive communication among students in the online learning environment using a common learning…

  17. Social comparison in the Dutch classroom : discussion and conclusion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkstra, P.; Barelds, D. P. H.; Kuyper, H.

    2011-01-01

    In the context of the classroom students often make use of social comparisons, particularly with regard to their own school performance. These social comparisons may have both positive and negative effects. In this special issue of Pedagogische Studien, four studies are discussed that focus on the

  18. Improving Students’ Speaking Ability through Small-Group Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Fauzi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to investigate how small-group discussion can be implemented to improve vocational high school students’ speaking ability and to identify the role of small group discussion in improving students’ speaking skill. This research was conducted by using action research, with 35 students of the second grade participating in this research. The findings of research can be explained in three cycles. Cycle 1 revealed that there were 37.2% of the students who did well; 42.8% were good although they had weaknesses in some aspects of using statements of introduction and choosing good sentences; 20% were weak and did not understand to choose appropriate sentences for introduction. Cycle II showed that 45.7% of the participants were good either in choosing appropriate sentences and pronunciation; 54.3% were considered good although they still lacked speaking communicatively with appropriate words. Cycle III was implemented after having additional classes, small guidelines of active speaking, and intensive practices. It found that 71.4% of the participants could communicate with English basic words and better structure, and 28.6% of them were still slightly below. Findings of this study showed that small group discussion could effectively improve students’ speaking skill, engage them in the group work discussion actively, encourage them to be independent learners who can expose themselves in learning activities, make them feel more relaxed at learning, give them more opportunities to improve their speaking skills

  19. Discussing Sex in Evangelical Communities in Southern Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    grounded theory study aimed to engage an Evangelical Pentecostal community in Southern Nigeria with the ultimate goal of understanding how communities conceptualize and discuss sexuality topics, the factors influencing sexual decision making amongst youth and young adults, and to identify research needs that will ...

  20. STS-67 crewmembers discuss possible communication problems for mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    As STS-67/ASTRO-2 payload specialist Samuel T. Durrance looks on, Astronauts Stephen S. Oswald, mission commander, and Wendy B. Lawrence, flight engineer, discuss troubleshooting communications problems during a training session at JSC. The three are in the crew compartment trainer (CCT) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory.

  1. Discovering Genres of Online Discussion Threads via Text Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Fu-Ren; Hsieh, Lu-Shih; Chuang, Fu-Tai

    2009-01-01

    As course management systems (CMS) gain popularity in facilitating teaching. A forum is a key component to facilitate the interactions among students and teachers. Content analysis is the most popular way to study a discussion forum. But content analysis is a human labor intensity process; for example, the coding process relies heavily on manual…

  2. Testing a consensus conference method by discussing the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... in Tanzania by discussing the management of traumatic dental injuries, and to reach consensus on the feasibility of the treatment modalities of traumatic dental injuries recommended in western countries in the. Tanzanian situation. Study participants: Fifteen dentists as representatives of the profession and two lay people ...

  3. Guiding Discussions in the Class about Ethnic Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radstake, Hester; Leeman, Yvonne

    2010-01-01

    In the literature on intercultural education there is an abundance of text about what ought to be going on in the classroom and a lack of empirical descriptions of the dilemmas of intercultural education in practice. This article describes the practice of five teachers guiding discussions about sensitive issues in ethnically diverse secondary…

  4. This article discusses the programming language LISP. The ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    machine learning, cognition and more generally artificial intelligence. Programming languages, their history and evolution is a hobby and LISP is a particular favourite. This article discusses the programming language. LISP. ..... create an integrated program development environment. An- other widely used program that.

  5. Modelling of sedimentation processes inside Roseires Reservoir (Sudan) (discussion)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Omer, A.Y.A.; Ali, Y.S.A.; Roelvink, J.A.; Dastgheib, A.; Paron, P.; Crosato, A.

    2014-01-01

    Discussion paper. Roseires Reservoir, located on the Blue Nile River, in Sudan, is the first trap to the sediments coming from the upper catchment in Ethiopia, which suffers from high erosion and desertification problems. The reservoir lost already more than one third of its 5 storage capacity due

  6. CHMINF-L: The Chemical Information Sources Discussion List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Gary

    1995-01-01

    Describes CHMINF-L (Chemical Information Sources Discussion List), including the history of its development on the Internet, its place in today's chemical information environment, and its possible future developments. Typical postings are described, subscription information is included, and listserv features and the future of listserv and similar…

  7. Revision by Means of Computer-Mediated Peer Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soong, Benson; Mercer, Neil; Er, Siew Shin

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we provide a discussion on our revision method (termed "prescriptive tutoring") aimed at revealing students' misconceptions and misunderstandings by getting them to solve physics problems with an anonymous partner via the computer. It is currently being implemented and evaluated in a public secondary school in Singapore,…

  8. Election '92 Discussion Set. [Participants' Booklet] and Leader's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Martha, Ed.

    This document consists of two publications: a participants' booklet designed to promote discussion among small groups, and a Leader's Guide. The participants' booklet contains information on four important issues in the 1992 election year: health care, the economy, welfare reform, and foreign policy. "The Health Care Crisis in America" contains…

  9. Family Therapist Comfort with and Willingness to Discuss Client Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Steven M.; Hays, Kelli Wenner

    2008-01-01

    Limited empirical information exists on whether or not marriage and family therapists are having sexuality-related discussions with their clients. When helping professionals ignore client sexuality, the potential for unintended negative outcomes increases. The researchers surveyed 175 clinical members of the American Association for Marriage and…

  10. Promoting Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors: The Heart Smart Discussion Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCalla, Judith R.; Juarez, Cheryl L.; Williams, Lucia E.; Brown, Judy; Chipungu, Katie; Saab, Patrice G.

    2012-01-01

    The health habits of high school students affect not only their current health but also their future risk for obesity and cardiovascular disease. The "Heart Smart Discussion Activity" was developed to provide information about heart health, good nutrition, physical activity, and stress management. It encourages students to discuss…

  11. Technology and Early Childhood Professional Development: A Policy Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMaken, Jessica; Kauerz, Kristie; DeCesare, Dale; Hale, Genevieve

    In July 2002, Knowledge Works Foundation and the Education Commission of the States assembled key stakeholders to focus on the policy opportunities, needs, and challenges of utilizing technology for coordinated early childhood professional development across the nation. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions held at the meeting…

  12. Locus of Control and Learning Disabilities: A Review and Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley-Marling, Curtis C.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    A literature review reveals that learning disabled children are more likely than normal achievers to attribute successes, but not failures, to external factors. The implications of locus of control for the field of learning disabilities are discussed in terms of its relation to academic achievement, learned helplessness, and remediation programs.…

  13. Assessment of Online Discussion in Work-Integrated Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, Judith; Brown, Catherine

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how online discussion can be used in work-integrated learning as a vehicle for students to demonstrate their learning in the workplace and to facilitate collaborative learning where face-to-face classes are not feasible. Design/methodology/approach: The paper evaluates the use of assessable online…

  14. Impact of individual study on tutorial group discussion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hurk, M.M. van den; Dolmans, D.H.J.M.; Wolfhagen, H.A.P.; Muijtjens, A.M.M.; Vleuten, C.P.M. van der

    1999-01-01

    Background: This research focuses on the relation between individual study and group discussion. In a problem-based curriculum, it is expected that the way students prepare themselves during individual study (i.e., search and prepare the literature) will influence the quality of the reporting phase.

  15. Características clínicas del reflujo vesicoureteral en niños atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl de Medellín,1960-2004 Clinical characteristics of vesicoureteral reflux in children at a university hospital in Medellín, Colombia. 1960-2004.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Cornejo Ochoa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia, estudiamos 4.129 niños con infección del tracto urinario (ITU. Encontramos que entre las anomalías asociadas a la ITU la más común fue el reflujo vesicoureteral (RVU en 1.309 niños (31,7%, quienes presentaron 1.914 unidades renales afectadas (605 niños tenían reflujo bilateral. El presente es un trabajo descriptivo, retrospectivo, llevado a cabo con la información registrada en las bases de datos del servicio de nefrología pediátrica, en los niños con diagnóstico de RVU menores de 17 años, atendidos entre 1960- 2004. Se evaluaron las características clínicas relevantes de dichos niños, y se encontraron como hallazgos principales los siguientes: predominio en el sexo femenino (61,1%; que el diagnóstico de RVU se hizo al 29,2% de los pacientes en el primer año de vida, y que el 41,4% tenían otras anomalías asociadas al RVU. Otros hallazgos de importancia fueron: que el 72,4% de los niños tuvieron RVU de los grados III y IV; el 53,8% tuvieron compromiso unilateral; el 23,8% de los casos se resolvieron espontáneamente y el 36,1% necesitaron corrección quirúrgica. En cuanto al estudio de las cicatrices renales, se realizó en 582 pacientes (44,5% de 1.309 de los cuales fue positivo en 371 (63,7%; el 2,3% presentaron hipertensión arterial; el 7,4% desarrollaron insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC; al 0,9% se les realizó trasplante renal, y el porcentaje de muertes fue de 2,4%. Los hallazgos del presente estudio, muy cercanos a los reportados en la literatura, nos permiten hacer énfasis en las recomendaciones sobre el manejo de los niños con RVU por el riesgo de presentar lesiones renales que conducen a hipertensión e IRC. El progreso tecnológico que permite un diagnóstico más preciso del reflujo y de las cicatrices renales, la difusión de la información y el mayor compromiso del equipo médico se deben aprovechar para hacer un

  16. Health Advice from Internet Discussion Forums: How Bad Is Dangerous?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Chris; Kleine, Dorothea

    2016-01-01

    Background Concerns over online health information–seeking behavior point to the potential harm incorrect, incomplete, or biased information may cause. However, systematic reviews of health information have found few examples of documented harm that can be directly attributed to poor quality information found online. Objective The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of the quality and quality characteristics of information found in online discussion forum websites so that their likely value as a peer-to-peer health information–sharing platform could be assessed. Methods A total of 25 health discussion threads were selected across 3 websites (Reddit, Mumsnet, and Patient) covering 3 health conditions (human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], diabetes, and chickenpox). Assessors were asked to rate information found in the discussion threads according to 5 criteria: accuracy, completeness, how sensible the replies were, how they thought the questioner would act, and how useful they thought the questioner would find the replies. Results In all, 78 fully completed assessments were returned by 17 individuals (8 were qualified medical doctors, 9 were not). When the ratings awarded in the assessments were analyzed, 25 of the assessments placed the discussion threads in the highest possible score band rating them between 5 and 10 overall, 38 rated them between 11 and 15, 12 rated them between 16 and 20, and 3 placed the discussion thread they assessed in the lowest rating band (21-25). This suggests that health threads on Internet discussion forum websites are more likely than not (by a factor of 4:1) to contain information of high or reasonably high quality. Extremely poor information is rare; the lowest available assessment rating was awarded only 11 times out of a possible 353, whereas the highest was awarded 54 times. Only 3 of 78 fully completed assessments rated a discussion thread in the lowest possible overall band of 21 to 25, whereas 25 of 78 rated

  17. Panel discussion on rock mechanics issues in repository design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bieniawski, Z.T.; Kim, K.S.; Nataraja, M. [and others

    1996-04-01

    The panel discussion was introduced by Mr. Z.T.(Richard) Bieniawski and then continued with five additional speakers. The topics covered in the discussion included rock mechanics pertaining to the design of underground facilities for the disposal of radioactive wastes and the safety of such facilities. The speakers included: Mr. Kun-Soo Kim who is a specialist in the area of rock mechanics testing during the Basalt Waste Isolation Project; Dr. Mysore Nataraja who is the senior project manager with the NRC; Dr. Michael Voegele who is the project manager for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) on the Yucca Mountain Project; Dr. Edward Cording who is a member of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board; and Dr. Hemendra Kalia who is employed by Los Alamos National Laboratory and coordinates various activities of testing programs at the Yucca Mountain Site.

  18. Work discussion groups in clinical supervision in mental health nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Danny

    This study aims to explore the value and meaning of a psychodynamic work discussion for mental health nurses, and its potential as an approach in staff clinical supervision. Data were generated by using a focus group with a purposive sample of six mental health nurses, and analysed by the 'collapsing of data' from labels to form categories and formulate themes. The findings suggest that staff emotion generated from clinical work is dealt with in many personal ways though rarely in clinical supervision. Although the idea of a work discussion group is not readily known among the focus group, staff appear to be open to its potential to provide a helpful emotional perspective. Education in the form of an introduction and exposure to some basic psychodynamic ideas could provide the first step towards unlocking its potential. Sharing personal experiences of an emotional nature within a safe, secure environment seems significant in this education process.

  19. Remedial actions: A discussion of technological, regulatory and construction issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manrod, W.E.; Miller, R.A.; Barton, W.D. III; Pierce, T.J. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Engineering Div.

    1989-11-01

    The Oak Ridge Reservation consists of approximately 35,252 acres located in the Ridge and Valley Province of the Appalachian Mountains in Eastern Tennessee. Three Department of Energy facilities are located on the Reservation: the Y-12 Plant, the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The plants have, over the years, disposed of low-level and mixed waste in various areas on the reservation principally with shallow land burial. A discussion is presented of some of the actions to remediate and close areas used for disposal of waste in the past. Current or planned activities for waste disposal and storage are also discussed. Closures completed to date have complied with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Regulations. The new approach for disposal and storage has adopted ideas that have been successfully used by the French to dispose of low-level waste, as well as, improved on older shallow burial disposal techniques.

  20. Debriefing in simulated-based learning: facilitating a reflective discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arafeh, Julie M R; Hansen, Sara Snyder; Nichols, Amy

    2010-01-01

    The topic of debriefing has received little attention in the simulation literature. In simulation, knowing how to debrief the learner's experiences is as essential as creating scenarios and selecting the correct manikin. The purpose of this article will be to discuss debriefing as it relates to simulation-based learning. Aspects of simulation-based learning, including briefing (preparing learners for simulation) and the simulation (scenario), will be reviewed because they have particular relevance to debriefing. Guidelines and strategies for debriefing will be discussed to facilitate the learner's ability to reflect on their performance. Debriefing will be reviewed following 3 occasions: a critical patient event, an in situ drill, and a simulation at a simulation center. Since debriefing may be different in each of these instances, customizing debriefing to fit the learning environment will be examined. Finally, because of the significance of debriefing on learning, evaluation of the debriefer will be addressed to ensure optimal performance.

  1. Accepting transitions: African Americans discuss end of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yancu, Cecile N; Farmer, Deborah F; Graves, Mara J; Rhinehardt, April; Leahman, Dee

    2015-06-01

    African Americans typically underuse hospice care; this study explores their end of life attitudes. An iterative focus group strategy generated qualitative data using 4 baseline groups and 1 confirmatory focus group recruited from predominantly African American churches. Each group consisted of 8 to 14 adults. Investigators analyzed data for dominant themes, representatives from baseline groups returned to discuss the results. A total of 43 African Americans (male: 8 [18.6]; female: 35 [81.4]) participated in initial discussions, with 10 returning for follow-up. The prevailing theme was transitions; with life to death dominating discourse; other themes included curative to palliative care and acceptance of death as inevitable. Among African Americans, outreach efforts may be strengthened by reframing the dying process as the product of many transitions and reaching out to faith-based communities. © The Author(s) 2014.

  2. Nanotechnology and Society: A discussion-based undergraduate course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahan, Charles; Leung, Ricky; Zenner, G. M.; Ellison, K. D.; Crone, W. C.; Miller, Clark A.

    2006-05-01

    Nanotechnology has emerged as a broad, exciting, yet ill-defined field of scientific research and technological innovation. There are important questions about the technology's potential economic, social, and environmental implications. We discuss an undergraduate course on nanoscience and nanotechnology for students from a wide range of disciplines, including the natural and social sciences, the humanities, and engineering. The course explores these questions and the broader place of technology in contemporary societies. The course is built around active learning methods and seeks to develop the students' critical thinking skills, written and verbal communication abilities, and general knowledge of nanoscience and nanoengineering concepts. Continuous assessment was used to gain information about the effectiveness of class discussions and enhancement of student understanding of the interaction between nanotechnology and society.

  3. Autismo: a discussão de um paradoxo?

    OpenAIRE

    Aliny Lamoglia de Carvalho

    2011-01-01

    O artigo apresenta uma discussão sobre as mudanças de paradigmas acerca do autismo infantil. A partir de um artigo publicado em uma revista de circulação internacional, apresentam-se as descobertas da sociogenética sobre as bases neurobiológicas do autismo e sua vinculação com critérios diagnósticos dos Transtornos Invasivos do Desenvolvimento propostos pelo DSM IV.  Algumas contribuições de autores contemporâneos são trazidas para fomentar a discussão e também algumas perspectivas de psicana...

  4. What Asexuality Contributes to the Same-Sex Marriage Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, Kristin S.

    2010-01-01

    While same-sex marriage debates have captured public attention, it is but one component of a broader discussion regarding the role of marriage in a changing society. To inform this discussion, I draw on qualitative, Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual individuals. I find that asexual relationships are complicated and nuanced in ways that have implications for a GLBTQ political agenda, including same-sex marriage recognition. In addition, findings indicate that assumptions of sex and sexuality in relationships are problematic and that present language for describing relationships is limiting. Findings suggest a social justice agenda for marginalized sexualities should be broader in scope than same-sex marriage. PMID:20596244

  5. Discussion of CoSA: Clustering of Sparse Approximations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armstrong, Derek Elswick [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2017-03-07

    The purpose of this talk is to discuss the possible applications of CoSA (Clustering of Sparse Approximations) to the exploitation of HSI (HyperSpectral Imagery) data. CoSA is presented by Moody et al. in the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing (“Land cover classification in multispectral imagery using clustering of sparse approximations over learned feature dictionaries”, Vol. 8, 2014) and is based on machine learning techniques.

  6. Pulmonary Nodules with Cutaneous Manifestations: A Case Report and Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardiles T

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The differential diagnosis of multiple pulmonary nodules is large and includes congenital and inherited disorders, malignancy, infectious etiologies, noninfectious granulomatous and inflammatory conditions,among many others. Diagnostic evaluation is aided by attention to extrapulmonary symptoms and features. We herein describe an unusual case of multiple pulmonary nodules attributed to cysticercosis and present a discussion of pathophysiologic changes related to medications and highlight the diagnostic value of extrapulmonary cutaneous features.

  7. Create a virtual community: start an Internet discussion list.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergren, M D

    1999-12-01

    Internet discussion lists are valuable tools for sharing resources, creating professional relationships, and remaining current in a specialty. Despite the proliferation of health-related lists, there are still school nurse subspecialties and associations that would benefit from professional mailing lists. The process of starting a list is simple and quick. The effort required to manage a list is well worth the benefits of creating a virtual professional school nurse community.

  8. Engaging Communities using a MOOC combined with Public Library Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackerman, S. A.; Mooney, M. E.; Morrill, J.; Handlos, Z.; Morrill, S.

    2015-12-01

    A massive open online course, or MOOC, is an noncredit education activity that delivers learning content to anyone with access to the Internet. Individual courses are generally free of charge, while a certificate can have small costs. The University of Wisconsin-Madison has exploring the use of MOOC as part of its Wisconsin Idea. In the 2015, a series of MOOCs focusing on the environment were offered via Coursera. One of those MOOCS was "Changing Weather and Climate of the Great Lakes Region." This 4-week course features a new season each week through short lectures and activities covering Great Lakes weather, observed changes in the climate, and societal impacts of climate change. (https://www.coursera.org/course/greatlakesclimate) The MOOC conveyed information from NOAA's National Weather Service (NWS) Weather-Ready Nation initiative as well as findings from the recent National Climate Assessment and the Wisconsin Initiative on Climate Change Impacts (WICCI). The course was organized by members of the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies; material included discussion, videos for lectures as well as guest lecturers. There were also weekly visits by the course team to 21 public libraries throughout the state of WI. The library collaboration as facilitated by WiLS (Wisconsin Library Services - wils.org), who organized the application and selection process. The public libraries hosted local residents and course instructors in discussions of course content in the context of their communities as well as strategies to mitigate the climate change impacts. This presentation will discuss the public library discussions experience and the our evaluation of the impact of including a face-to-face component in the MOOC activity on engagement and learning.

  9. Forming a Turbomachinery Seals Working Group - An Overview and Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proctor, Margaret P.

    2007-01-01

    A proposal to form a Turbomachinery Seals Working Group is discussed. Survey responses regarding the purpose, membership, and meeting frequency are presented as well as the areas of expertise and experience of the respondents. The types of seals used, designed, or sold, current work, and technical challenges of turbomachinery seals, their materials, analysis, geometry, manufacturing, maintenance, testing, and incorporation into engine systems are also presented.

  10. A discussion of multiculturalism in Australia from educators’ perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Arasaratnam, Lily A

    2014-01-01

    This study is an exploration of the views of non-indigenous Australian tertiary educators (N = 22) on multiculturalism and its effects on Australian society. Thematic analysis was used to identify four dominant themes in interviews conducted with the participants. The results are discussed within the themes of Australian identity, attitudes toward multiculturalism, the role of education/educators in multiculturalism, and the future of multicultural Australia. The results reveal that, while th...

  11. Nanotechnology and Society: A discussion-based undergraduate course

    OpenAIRE

    Tahan, Charles; Leung, Ricky; Zenner, G. M.; Ellison, K. D.; Crone, W. C.; Miller, Clark A.

    2005-01-01

    Nanotechnology has emerged as a broad, exciting, yet ill-defined field of scientific research and technological innovation. There are important questions about the technology's potential economic, social, and environmental implications. We discuss an undergraduate course on nanoscience and nanotechnology for students from a wide range of disciplines, including the natural and social sciences, the humanities, and engineering. The course explores these questions and the broader place of technol...

  12. Discussion and suggestion on the development of new energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Weiwei

    2017-05-01

    The article makes a series of discussion on the current development of new energy. Now the new energy industry is booming, but there are both advantages and disadvantages in the process of development. We should give a comprehensive and objective approach to some existing problems in the development of new energy, improve the level of science and technology, and make efforts to achieve the sustainable development.

  13. The economics of wind energy. Collection of papers for discussions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vihriaelae, H. [ed.

    1995-12-31

    This publication contains the proceedings of EWEA Special Topic Conference `95 on the economics of wind energy, held in Helsinki, Finland, on 5-7 September, 1995. The programme consisted of panel discussions and poster presentations on National Programmes and Operational Experience of Wind Energy, Grid Issues and Avoided Direct Costs of Wind Energy, Avoided External Costs of Wind Energy, The Role of Wind Energy in Future Energy Supply and Technical Innovations of Wind Energy

  14. Venkatapuram's Capability theory of Health: A Critical Discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengland, Per-Anders

    2016-01-01

    The discussion about theories of health has recently had an important new input through the work of Sridhar Venkatapuram. He proposes a combination of Lennart Nordenfelt's holistic theory of health and Martha Nussbaum's version of the capability approach. The aim of the present article is to discuss and evaluate this proposal. The article starts with a discussion of Nordenfelt's theory and evaluates Venkatapuram' critique of it, that is, of its relativism, both regarding goals and environment, and of the subjectivist theory of happiness used. Then the article explains why Nordenfelt's idea of a reasonable environment is not a problem for the theory, and it critiques Venkatapuram's own incorporation of the environment into the concept of health, suggesting that this makes the concept too wide. It contends, moreover, that Venkatapuram's alternative theory retains a problem inherent in Nordenfelt's theory, namely, that health is conceived of as a second-order ability. It is argued that health should, instead, be defined as first-order abilities. This means that health cannot be seen as a capability, and also that health cannot be seen as a meta-capability of the kind envisioned by Venkatapuram. It is, furthermore, argued that the theory lacks one crucial aspect of health, namely, subjective wellbeing. Finally, the article tries to illustrate how health, in the suggested alternative sense, as first-order abilities, fits into Nussbaum's capability theory, since health as an 'actuality' is part of all the 'combined capabilities' suggested by Nussbaum. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. The Role of Online Instructors in Asynchronous Discussion Forums

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddison, Sarah T.; Mazzolini, M. M.; Gay, P. L.

    2007-05-01

    We present qualitative results and advice on the role of online instructors in asynchronous discussion forums and the technologies used to support online interactive learning. Results are based on six years of designing, coordinating, evaluating and teaching into the distance learning program Swinburne Astronomy Online. We discuss why we chose to use asynchronous rather than synchronous discussion forums and how we have implemented them; how we train our online instructors and their role as a 'guide on the side'; techniques for moderating the volume of forum postings while ensuring a constructive learning environment; and methods for dealing with both mixed class preparedness and 'challenging' students within an online environment. Our research into the interaction between students and instructors in online forums provides some interesting (and often counter-intuitive) insights into the relationship between the number and length of student postings and the posting patterns of their instructors. We compare these results with qualitative feedback from both students and instructors on their perception of the online learning and teaching experience.

  16. Rethinking Obesity Counseling: Having the French Fry Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Bonnet

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Childhood obesity is a complex problem that warrants early intervention. General recommendations for obesity prevention and nutrition counseling exist. However, these are notably imprecise with regard to early and targeted interventions to prevent and treat obesity in pediatric populations. This study examines family medicine primary care providers’ (PCPs perceived barriers for preventing and treating pediatric obesity and their related practice behavior during well-child visits. Methods. A written survey addressing perceived barriers and current practices addressing obesity at well-child visits were administered to PCPs at eleven family medicine clinics in the Duke University Health System. Results. The most common perceived barriers identified by PCPs to prevention or treatment of obesity in children were families not getting enough exercise (93% and families too often having fast food meals (86%. Most PCPs do not discuss fast foods at or prior to the twelve-month well-child visit. The two-year visit is the first well-child visit at which a majority of PCPs (68% discuss fast food. Conclusion. No clear consensus exists as to when PCPs should discuss fast food in early well-child checks. Previous research has shown a profound shift in children’s dietary habits toward fast foods, such as French fries, that occurs between the one- and two-year well-child checks. Consideration should be given to having a “French Fry Discussion” at every twelve-month well-child care visit.

  17. Strategic principles workshops: Discussion drafts and workshop notes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-09-01

    The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste-Management in the Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for disposing of this nation`s spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste in a manner that protects the health and safety of the public and the quality of the environment. Although embodied in the Federal repository program that began with studies in the late 1950s, this mission was explicitly established by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 and reaffirmed by the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987. To fulfill our mission, we are developing a waste management system consisting of a geologic repository for permanent disposal deep beneath the surface of the earth, a facility for monitored retrievable storage, and a system for transporting the waste. This discussion draft was developed to help involve parties affected by or interested in the waste-management program in the formulation of the basic principles on which the program will be based. It reviews existing objectives, policies, and strategic principles under which the system is currently being developed. Then discussed are issues of strategic importance for which additional strategic principles may be needed. For these issues in particular, views from affected and interested parties is solicited, but comments regarding alternative approaches to the issues presented as well as suggestions for additional issues will also be welcome. Finally, background information on the waste-management program pertinent to the issues discussion is presented.

  18. THE APPLICABILITY OF SMALL GROUP DISCUSSION IN ENGLISH READING CLASS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniawan Yudhi Nugroho

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Success of learning is not only a matter of using an appropriate teaching resources, instead, the interference of teaching method is found to be essential to determine the students’ learning achievement. Teacher as a captain of class has the right to choose type of method used in the classroom for sake of students’ improvement. This study was designed as an attempt to help Master Students from a well established private university improve their reading comprehension skill through small group discussion. This study was participated by 30 students, later divided into two classes and served differently as an experimental group for the class A and a control group for the class B. Referring to the final data analysis of the study, it is found that there is an improving learning achievement in the experimental group, indicated by higher performance of posttest (20.333 than the pretest. Apart from this, further analysis was also conducted to find out whether or not small group discussion was able to show better performance than another teaching method applied in another different class. Based on the result of statistical calculation, it shows that small group discussion got better result 12.334 than that of another group. As a result, some suggestions were made by referring to result of the study.

  19. The Topology of a Discussion: The #Occupy Case.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Floriana Gargiulo

    Full Text Available We analyse a large sample of the Twitter activity that developed around the social movement 'Occupy Wall Street', to study the complex interactions between the human communication activity and the semantic content of a debate.We use a network approach based on the analysis of the bipartite graph @Users-#Hashtags and of its projections: the 'semantic network', whose nodes are hashtags, and the 'users interest network', whose nodes are users. In the first instance, we find out that discussion topics (#hashtags present a high structural heterogeneity, with a relevant role played by the semantic hubs that are responsible to guarantee the continuity of the debate. In the users' case, the self-organisation process of users' activity, leads to the emergence of two classes of communicators: the 'professionals' and the 'amateurs'.Both the networks present a strong community structure, based on the differentiation of the semantic topics, and a high level of structural robustness when certain sets of topics are censored and/or accounts are removed.By analysing the characteristics of the dynamical networks we can distinguish three phases of the discussion about the movement. Each phase corresponds to a specific moment of the movement: from declaration of intent, organisation and development and the final phase of political reactions. Each phase is characterised by the presence of prototypical #hashtags in the discussion.

  20. The Topology of a Discussion: The #Occupy Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gargiulo, Floriana; Bindi, Jacopo; Apolloni, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    We analyse a large sample of the Twitter activity that developed around the social movement 'Occupy Wall Street', to study the complex interactions between the human communication activity and the semantic content of a debate. We use a network approach based on the analysis of the bipartite graph @Users-#Hashtags and of its projections: the 'semantic network', whose nodes are hashtags, and the 'users interest network', whose nodes are users. In the first instance, we find out that discussion topics (#hashtags) present a high structural heterogeneity, with a relevant role played by the semantic hubs that are responsible to guarantee the continuity of the debate. In the users' case, the self-organisation process of users' activity, leads to the emergence of two classes of communicators: the 'professionals' and the 'amateurs'. Both the networks present a strong community structure, based on the differentiation of the semantic topics, and a high level of structural robustness when certain sets of topics are censored and/or accounts are removed. By analysing the characteristics of the dynamical networks we can distinguish three phases of the discussion about the movement. Each phase corresponds to a specific moment of the movement: from declaration of intent, organisation and development and the final phase of political reactions. Each phase is characterised by the presence of prototypical #hashtags in the discussion.

  1. Family discussions on life-sustaining interventions in neurocritical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adil, M M; Larriviere, D

    2017-01-01

    Approximately 20% of all deaths in the USA occur in the intensive care unit (ICU) and the majority of ICU deaths involves decision of de-escalation of life-sustaining interventions. Life-sustaining interventions may include intubation and mechanical ventilation, artificial nutrition and hydration, antibiotic treatment, brain surgery, or vasoactive support. Decision making about goals of care can be defined as an end-of-life communication and the decision-making process between a clinician and a patient (or a surrogate decision maker if the patient is incapable) in an institutional setting to establish a plan of care. This process includes deciding whether to use life-sustaining treatments. Therefore, family discussion is a critical element in the decision-making process throughout the patient's stay in the neurocritical care unit. A large part of care in the neurosciences intensive care unit is discussion of proportionality of care. This chapter provides a stepwise approach to hold these conferences and discusses ways to do it effectively. © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Starship Asterisk: APOD and General Astronomy Discussion Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemiroff, Robert J.

    2011-01-01

    A main discussion venue for the popular Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) website has been recently redesigned and upgraded. The online bulletin board is directly linked from the bottom of recent APODs served from http://apod.nasa.gov/ . Formerly known as "The Asterisk," the site's new design is called "Starship Asterisk" and now declares its forums to be places on a starship, with the current APOD considered as appearing on the main view screen on the Bridge. A central "mission" of Starship Asterisk is to support APOD in various ways. Toward this end, the Bridge forum exists primarily for the (archived) discussion of that day's APOD, the Observation Deck forum facilitates APOD image submissions, and the Library creates a forum where no student question about astronomy is considered to be too easy or too hard. Additionally, Starship Asterisk now includes an astronomy news-oriented links forum titled the Communications Center, a citizen science-oriented links collection called the Science Labs, and classrooms including a free online, textbook-free Astro 101 course, taught by the author, complete with video lectures and powerpoint slides. Typically, over 1,000 astronomy enthusiasts will browse Starship Asterisk on any given day. Although the vast majority of readers prefer to browse anonymously, the site has now garnered over 60,000 posts. A small but dedicated group of volunteer "officers" administer the bulletin board, answer questions about astronomy from curious APOD readers, and openly discuss various astronomy topics, frequently with intended humor. Perhaps surprisingly, the majority of volunteer officers tend NOT to be professional astronomers, but typically quite knowledgeable retirees exercising a lifelong interest in astronomy.

  3. Fostering professionalism among doctors: the role of workplace discussion groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Deborah; Griffin, Ann; Launer, John

    2014-10-01

    The professionalism of doctors has come in for increasing scrutiny and discussion, within the profession and in society. Professionalism has also become of central interest in undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. There is a great deal of debate about the nature of medical professionalism, how to promote it and what approaches to learning are most effective. This study aims to identify the role of workplace-based discussion groups in encouraging and supporting the development of professionalism among doctors. Workplace-based discussion groups including doctors from all non-consultant grades and specialties were established in five hospitals over a 6 month period in 2010-2011. A mixed-methods approach was used to identify the perceived impact of these groups on participants, which included interviewing the group facilitators and education leaders at participating hospitals. Understanding of professionalism at an individual level was improved along with an increased awareness of the collective nature of professionalism in everyday clinical practice. Key to the success of the groups was the creation of a legitimate space to explore professionalism and professional challenges and the use of experienced facilitators who could build trust in the groups. A purely individualistic approach to professionalism does not resonate with contemporary, team-based healthcare. Work-based groups can provide a focus for an approach to professionalism that is mindful of self, the team, the culture and the organisation. This evaluation provides guidance to a range of stakeholders on how to develop educational interventions that foster professionalism, personal and collective, and offers some pointers towards the range of factors that may impact on the outcomes of such activities. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  4. Semiologia das afasias: uma discussão crítica Semiology of aphasias: a critical discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana do Carmo Novaes Pinto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a semiologia das afasias, que teve início no século XIX com Broca e Wernicke. Não é nosso objetivo fornecer uma lista exaustiva de sintomas e síndromes para tratar do tema, já que buscamos discutir criticamente por que a semiologia das afasias ainda se baseia principalmente em perspectivas orgânicas na prática clínica e na pesquisa científica. Também discutimos as contribuições de Luria e de Jakobson para uma melhor compreensão de como a linguagem está comprometida nas afasias e como a Lingüística Moderna, sobretudo a Neurolingüística Discursiva, pode iluminar o debate. Analisamos alguns dados para ilustrar os pressupostos teóricos e metodológicos das referidas abordagens e discutimos ainda o peso excessivo que as classificações têm no contexto clínico.The article discusses the semiology of aphasias, which started being developed in the 19th century by Broca and Wernicke. We do not provide an exhaustive list of symptoms and syndromes to address the theme, since we aim to critically discuss why the semiology of aphasias is still based mainly on organic perspectives in clinical practice and scientific research. We also discuss the contributions of Luria and Jakobson to a better understanding of how language is affected in aphasias and how Modern Linguistics, in special the Discursive Neurolinguistics, may enlighten the debate. We analyze some data to illustrate the theoretical and methodological assumptions of the above mentioned approaches and also discuss the excessive strength that classifications have in the clinical context.

  5. Coal industry leaders meet to discuss methane issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yernberg, W.R.

    2000-07-01

    This paper summarizes the conference on coalbed and coal mine methane which was held in March 2000 in Denver, USA. The conference focussed on the recovery of methane from coal beds as an energy resource and removal and utilization of coal-mine methane (CMM) related to underground coal mining. The conference discussed methane resources around the world, methods of recovery, methane markets, underground coal mining, health and safety issues and environmental issues related to methane. The consensus among the presenters is that the future looks promising for coalbed methane (CBM) and CMM. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. Online Group Discussion pada Mata Kuliah Teknologi Pembelajaran Fisika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuberti Yuberti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, gadged just like handphone and notebook more reachable so the quantities of the users are increase in Indonesia. It is common for us to see the students, employees, enterpreneurs until housewives using gadged anywhere and anytime. This phenomenon is spread widely along with the internet wifi and hotspot in many places start from official educational institute, government, and office centre, to the tourism object and shopping center. Also with internet café (Warnet compete tightly with offering various facilities, and services with compete price. All cellphone service is also giving internet access in order to attract users. Some phenomena show more and more people who use the Internet and make it as a lifestyle for berintaksi, socialize, learn and get information. Widespread use of the Internet can be a great potential in the development of online learning system allows learners to access the information flexibly without limitation of time and place. Discussion no longer occur face to face, but can continue even in the virtual environment. As the implementation of other virtual learning methods. Implementation of online discussion itself is basically adopting the method of learning face to face discussion Harga gadged seperti handphone dan  dan  notebook kian hari kian terjangkau sehingga jumlah penggunanya di indonesia terus meningkat. Bukan lah suatu yang asing jika kita menjumpai para siswa, mahasiswa, karyawan, pengusaha hingga ibu rumah tangga menggunakan gadged di mana saja dan kapan saja. Fenomena ini diiringi dengan meluasnya jaringan internet nirkabel seperti hotspot  dan  wifi di berbagai tempat mulai dari institusi  resmi pendidikan, pemerintahan, dan perkantoran, hingga tempat wisata,dan pusat perbelanjaan. Tidak mau ketinggalan warnet (warung internet ikut bersaing ketat dengan menawarkan berbagai macam fasilitas, dan layanan dengan harga bersaing. Seluruh layanan seluler ponsel juga terus memberikan

  7. A Student Panel Discussion to Practice Argumentation Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Gensowski

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Economics students are used to lectures of the “chalk-and-talk” variety. In this project, I develop, describe, and evaluate a pedagogical intervention that provides students with the opportunity to practice their argumentation skills. The development of these skills is not usually part of the core curriculum. For this project, a panel discussion format is used to enable students to develop arguments using empirical evidence, and generally navigate a space where there is no single right or wrong answer. The peer-learning environment allows students to develop argumentation and evaluation skills in a setting where they receive informal formative assessment.

  8. Book discussion course: timely topics for medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timm, Donna F; Woodson, Deidra; Jones, Dee

    2014-01-01

    Several library faculty members at the Louisiana State University Health Shreveport Health Sciences Library offered a book discussion course as an elective for first-year medical students. This article provides details on how the librarians developed, taught, and evaluated this elective. The librarians took a team-teaching approach, required the students to read two books, and outlined the criteria for participation. At the end of the course, the students completed an evaluation, commenting on positive and negative aspects of the course. The elective proved to be successful, and the librarians look forward to offering the course again in the spring of 2014.

  9. Knowledge through Discussion : An Interpretation of Epistemology in Plato's Meno

    OpenAIRE

    Salmenkivi, Eero

    2010-01-01

    According to Meno s paradox we cannot inquire into what we do not know because we do not know what we are inquiring into. There are many ways to interpret the paradox but the central issue about our ability to reach truth is a profound one. In the dialogue Meno, Plato presents the paradox and an outline of a solution which enables us to reach knowledge (epistēmē) through philosophical discussion. During the last century Meno has often been considered transitional between Socratic thinkin...

  10. Bladder cancer discussed on the internet: a systematic analysis of gender differences of initial posters on an online discussion board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippka, Yannick; Patschan, Oliver; Todenhöfer, Tilmann; Schwentner, Christian; Gutzeit, Andreas; Merseburger, Axel S; Horstmann, Marcus

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate gender differences of initial posters in threads dealing with bladder cancer on an online discussion board. 529 threads opened between 09/2005 and 03/2012 were screened on the largest German speaking bladder cancer online discussion board. 366 threads fulfilled the requirements for this study. Gender, age, number, status of concern and oncological situation of initiating posters as well as their motives and language style were analyzed following a standardized protocol. Threads were initiated in 45% (164/366) by men and in 55% (202/366) by women. Mean age of male initiating posters was 50 years and of female posters 44 years (p posters asked for medical information or therapeutic recommendations regarding diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. However, women significantly more often expressed their wish for emotional support (p = 0.034) and in tendency wanted to share their experiences with others (p = 0.057). Language analysis revealed that women significantly more often used a tentative language style than men (p = 0.003). Even though women are less often affected by bladder cancer, they are more active -especially for their concerned family members - on the evaluated discussion board than men. Whereas both genders equally often ask for medical information, women more often want to share their experiences and look for emotional support.

  11. Science motivation by discussion and controversy (SMDC) model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izadi, Dina; Mora Ley, César Eduardo; Ramírez Díaz, Mario Humberto

    2017-05-01

    Succeeding theories and empirical investigations have often been built over conceptual understanding to develop talent education. Opportunities provided by society are crucial at every point in the talent-development process. Abilities differ and can vary among boys and girls. Although they have some responsibility for their own growth and development, the educational system and psychosocial variables influence on the successful development of high levels of education. This research explores students’ attitudes to science education to establish why many disengage with the subject in class and what can be done to reverse this trend to produce unimaginable scientific and practical benefits to society. The control group is students from several schools with traditional education in Iran and the experimental group is teams who have taken part in several activities such as national and international tournaments (2005-2013). This research has two parts: 1—how innovation in teaching and 2—discussion and controversy in class can improve science education and cause motivation. The average scores are divided into 5 ranges in both experimental and traditional groups. As shown by Spearman’s correlation rank (ρ) the difference between boys’ and girls’ average scores is about (2.71) in the control group but it has decreased to (0.29) in the experimental group. The main point of discussion is on problems in class which advance a set of interrelated scientific arguments for outstanding achievement.

  12. Discussion on the thermal conductivity enhancement of nanofluids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xie Huaqing

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Increasing interests have been paid to nanofluids because of the intriguing heat transfer enhancement performances presented by this kind of promising heat transfer media. We produced a series of nanofluids and measured their thermal conductivities. In this article, we discussed the measurements and the enhancements of the thermal conductivity of a variety of nanofluids. The base fluids used included those that are most employed heat transfer fluids, such as deionized water (DW, ethylene glycol (EG, glycerol, silicone oil, and the binary mixture of DW and EG. Various nanoparticles (NPs involving Al2O3 NPs with different sizes, SiC NPs with different shapes, MgO NPs, ZnO NPs, SiO2 NPs, Fe3O4 NPs, TiO2 NPs, diamond NPs, and carbon nanotubes with different pretreatments were used as additives. Our findings demonstrated that the thermal conductivity enhancements of nanofluids could be influenced by multi-faceted factors including the volume fraction of the dispersed NPs, the tested temperature, the thermal conductivity of the base fluid, the size of the dispersed NPs, the pretreatment process, and the additives of the fluids. The thermal transport mechanisms in nanofluids were further discussed, and the promising approaches for optimizing the thermal conductivity of nanofluids have been proposed.

  13. DIALOGISM IN THE DISCUSSION FORUMS IN ONLINE EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmem Lúcia de Oliveira MARINHO

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The digital genre, Discussion Forums, if constitutes as the main instrument of asynchronous communication and interaction of the Education in the distance online. Essentially a space of debates, in the education/learning modality, the Forum possess a pedagogical character, instrument that can promote of the collective and collaborative construction of the knowledge in Virtual Environments of Learning. The use of the dialogic language practiced by Educators and learners in Forums should, in thesis, to stimulate the debate, specifically the verbal interaction between these interlocutors. This article searched to analyze the verbal communication between educators and learners in Discussion Forums. When analyzing a Forum promoted in a course in the modality Blended Learning, on the basis of the Dialogism, theoretical boarding presented by Bakhtin (1995, 2011, and in studies of the EAD as Moore and Kearsley (2010 and Cabral and Cavalcante (2010, this work evidenced that, even integral of language, the Dialogism still is hidden in discourses in this genre, harming the interaction and collaborative construction of knowledge in modality.

  14. ILEWG report and discussion on Lunar Science and Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foing, Bernard

    2015-04-01

    The EGU PS2.2 session "Lunar Science and Exploration" will include oral papers and posters, and a series of discussions. Members of ILEWG International Lunar Exploration Working Group will debate: - Recent lunar results: geochemistry, geophysics in the context of open - Celebrating the lunar legacy of pioneers Gerhard Neukum, Colin Pillinger and Manfred Fuchs planetary science and exploration - Latest results from LADEE and Chang'e 3/4 - Synthesis of results from SMART-1, Kaguya, Chang-E1 and Chang-E2, Chandrayaan-1, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and LCROSS impactor, Artemis and GRAIL - Goals and Status of missions under preparation: orbiters, Luna-Glob, Google Lunar X Prize, Luna Resurs, Chang'E 5, Future landers, Lunar sample return - Precursor missions, instruments and investigations for landers, rovers, sample return, and human cis-lunar activities and human lunar sorties - Preparation: databases, instruments, terrestrial field campaigns - The future international lunar exploration programme towards ILEWG roadmap of a global robotic village and permanent international lunar base - The proposals for an International Lunar Decade and International Lunar Research Parks - Strategic Knowledge Gaps, and key science Goals relevant to Human Lunar Global Exploration Lunar science and exploration are developing further with new and exciting missions being developed by China, the US, Japan, India, Russia, Korea and Europe, and with the perspective of robotic and human exploration. The session will include invited and contributed talks as well as a panel discussion and interactive posters with short oral introduction.

  15. THE USE OF FACEBOOK FOR ONLINE DISCUSSIONS AMONG DISTANCE LEARNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina LIM

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of Web 2.0 tools, educators are looking to these new technological tools to examine its potential in enhancing teaching and learning. While its runaway success as a social networking tool is now renowned, the use of Facebook for educational purposes may be considered still at its infancy stage. This paper describes the use of Facebook as a platform for academic discussions among distance learners. It offers a glimpse into how mobile learning via SMS together with Facebook was used to support and enhance the blended learning approach at Open University Malaysia for three courses: Learning Skills for Open and Distance Learners, Company Law and Renal Nursing. Data on user interactions collected were from the “Page Insights” tools available to Page administrators for the whole duration of a course semester. Facebook interactions examined include total number of fans, total interactions, interactions per post, post quality and unique page views. Findings indicate that Facebook does have the potential to draw distance learners to engage in meaningful academic conversations but the quantity and quality of posts very much depends on the timing as well as the topics of discussion.

  16. A template for non-religious-based discussions against euthanasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloodworth, Melissa; Bloodworth, Nathaniel; Ely, E Wesley

    2015-02-01

    We submit this manuscript as part of the ongoing conversation in society at large about physician-assisted death (PAD) and euthanasia. This outlines an approach used by lay healthcare professionals in arguing against PAD/euthanasia during a 1-hour debate conducted on a secular medical school campus. We have included the elements chosen for the "con" side of the argument (i.e., against PAD) by the medical students and attending physician. The goal of this manuscript is to provide a focused and pithy template upon which to build an approach that honors the dignity of life in all circumstances. Lay summary: The discussion over physician assisted death and euthanasia remains ongoing in secular academic medical institutions across the United States and much of the western world. These debates have incentivized efforts to develop a framework for arguments against Euthanasia that will find traction in an environment generally hostile to religion and religious thought. In this essay, we present arguments given by the "con" side in a student-led debate over physician assisted death and euthanasia at Vanderbilt University with the hope that they will provide a foundation for future discussions promoting truth and life without alienating our secular colleagues.

  17. Review of intense irradiation data and discussion on structural integrity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, K.; Jitsukawa, S.; Okubo, N. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai-mura, Naga-gun, Ibaraki-ken (Japan)

    2007-07-01

    Full text of publication follows: Mechanical property data on austenitic stainless steels and F82H have been reviewed to discuss for developing structural integrity methodologies of intensely irradiated components such as first walls. The following have been already clarified: (1) Fracture ductility is still high even though tensile rupture elongation is reduced remarkably. (2) Strain-hardening occurs in true stress-logarithmic strain (true strain) relationship. Work-softening behavior observed in nominal stress-nominal strain curves is simply resulted from a reduction of work hardening rate accompanied by the increase of flow stress level by irradiation. The review lead to an innovative design concept for application to intensely irradiated components. A special consideration is given to unique feature of bending moment in developing design methodology for preventing ductile fracture of intensely irradiated materials. Another discussion is also made on how to simulate mechanical behavior of intensely irradiated components, because mechanical testing of component-wise specimens after intense irradiation is inevitable for the development of design concepts, although irradiation on such a large scale specimen seems to be almost impossible with current irradiation facilities. (authors)

  18. Crisis discussions in psychology--New historical and philosophical perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturm, Thomas; Mülberger, Annette

    2012-06-01

    In this introductory article, we provide a historical and philosophical framework for studying crisis discussions in psychology. We first trace the various meanings of crisis talk outside and inside of the sciences. We then turn to Kuhn's concept of crisis, which is mainly an analyst's category referring to severe clashes between theory and data. His view has also dominated many discussions on the status of psychology: Can it be considered a "mature" science, or are we dealing here with a pre- or multi-paradigmatic discipline? Against these Kuhnian perspectives, we point out that especially, but not only in psychology distinctive crisis declarations and debates have taken place since at least the late 19th century. In these, quite different usages of crisis talk have emerged, which can be determined by looking at (a) the content and (b) the dimensions of the declarations, as well as (c) the functions these declarations had for their authors. Thus, in psychology at least, 'crisis' has been a vigorous actor's category, occasionally having actual effects on the future course of research. While such crisis declarations need not be taken at face value, they nevertheless help to break the spell of Kuhnian analyses of psychology's history. They should inform ways in which the history and philosophy of psychology is studied further. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Multistage problem-based case discussion for medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadgostarnia, M

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Students are presented with a variety of case formulas to promote the development of clinical reasoning. Methods: 120 third-year medical students at our medical university were randomly assigned to 18 small groups. After each ICM (Introduction to clinical Medicine course, they were given a paper case. A few days later small group sessions were formed and students asked tutors some questions to have more history and physical examination data and discussed and developed a differential diagnosis list. Then, all small groups met in a large group session for further discussion. After that, back to small groups, students ordered paraclinical tests and they were given the results by tutor. At this stage, each group tried to further narrow the differential diagnosis list and to determine the most probable diagnosis. Finally, in the large group session a consensus diagnosis was reached after reflective observation. A questionnaire was used before and after intervention. The small group tutor rated student’s abilities at the end of first day and last day. Results: The attitude of students about the positive effects of MPCD increased significantly from the first day to the last day (P<0.05. the progress checklist of the student’s abilities showed a statistically significant improvement post intervention. Conclusion: Our study suggests that using MPCD method is an effective way to increase clinical reasoning skills of medical students.

  20. The 'Magic Light': A Discussion on Laser Ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stylianou, Andreas; Talias, Michael A

    2015-08-01

    Innovations in technology and science form novel fields that, although beneficial, introduce new bio-ethical issues. In their short history, lasers have greatly influenced our everyday lives, especially in medicine. This paper focuses particularly on medical and para-medical laser ethics and their origins, and presents the complex relationships within laser ethics through a three-dimensional matrix model. The term 'laser' and the myth of the 'magic light' can be identified as landmarks for laser related ethical issues. These ethical issues are divided into five major groups: (1) media, marketing, and advertising; (2) economic outcomes; (3) user training; (4) the user-patient/client relationship; and (5) other issues. In addition, issues arising from two of the most common applications of lasers, laser eye surgery and laser tattoo removal, are discussed. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the use of medical and para-medical lasers has so greatly influenced our lives that the scientific community must initiate an earnest discussion of medical laser ethics.

  1. Discussion on the thermal conductivity enhancement of nanofluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Increasing interests have been paid to nanofluids because of the intriguing heat transfer enhancement performances presented by this kind of promising heat transfer media. We produced a series of nanofluids and measured their thermal conductivities. In this article, we discussed the measurements and the enhancements of the thermal conductivity of a variety of nanofluids. The base fluids used included those that are most employed heat transfer fluids, such as deionized water (DW), ethylene glycol (EG), glycerol, silicone oil, and the binary mixture of DW and EG. Various nanoparticles (NPs) involving Al2O3 NPs with different sizes, SiC NPs with different shapes, MgO NPs, ZnO NPs, SiO2 NPs, Fe3O4 NPs, TiO2 NPs, diamond NPs, and carbon nanotubes with different pretreatments were used as additives. Our findings demonstrated that the thermal conductivity enhancements of nanofluids could be influenced by multi-faceted factors including the volume fraction of the dispersed NPs, the tested temperature, the thermal conductivity of the base fluid, the size of the dispersed NPs, the pretreatment process, and the additives of the fluids. The thermal transport mechanisms in nanofluids were further discussed, and the promising approaches for optimizing the thermal conductivity of nanofluids have been proposed. PMID:21711638

  2. Preferences of Patients for Discussing Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sūna Normunds

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available People with epilepsy have increased mortality rates, which is partially attributed to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy syndrome (SUDEP. Poor seizure control appears to be the strongest SUDEP risk factor. Management of epilepsy and adherence to therapy is critical to seizure control. The belief by caregivers of negative influence caused by being informed about the syndrome is the main reason SUDEP is not disclosed. There are no clear recommendations when to disclose the risk of SUDEP and how much information should be provided. We addressed the preferences of Latvian epilepsy patients for discussing SUDEP as well as awareness of the syndrome. Our study involved 55 epilepsy patients. We found that, as in other studies, our patients were relatively well informed about SUDEP. We found that a considerable proportion of patients preferred to receive information about SUDEP from a general practitioner. We note the belief of patients that the disclosure of SUDEP would either improve or have no effect on the quality of life. We were able to identify groups of patients with a self-reported belief of more frequent expected anxiety and poor adherence to medical treatment. Our data improves the understanding of preferences of patient for discussing the negative aspects of epilepsy.

  3. Enhancing Critical Thinking in Graduate Nursing Online Asynchronous Discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novotny, Nancy L; Stapleton, Stephen J; Hardy, Elaine C

    2016-09-01

    Graduate nursing students in online courses often have limited success in developing the critical thinking (CT) skills essential for advanced roles. This study describes the use of complementary strategies in a graduate-level nursing course to enhance CT in online discussions. Using Paul and Elder's framework for understanding the components of CT, the authors designed an asynchronous online course using multiple strategies to promote CT. We used mixed methods to collect descriptive and numerical data and content and repeated measures analyses to identify changes in CT skills and student perceptions across the semester. CT scores increased significantly and aligned with students' perceived improvements in CT. Evidence of CT in online discussions increased significantly across the semester with the use of multiple instructional strategies and substantial student and faculty efforts. The findings are a useful benchmark for future studies comparing combinations of strategies to identify those most effective and least arduous. [J Nurs Educ. 2016;55(9):514-521.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  4. Vicente Manzano, Universidad comprometida, Hipatia, Barcelona, 2010, 479 p.

    OpenAIRE

    de Manuel Jerez, Esteban

    2011-01-01

    La universidad vive inmersa en un proceso de cambio impulsado por la creación del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior. El objetivo principal de este proceso es hacer que la Universidad contribuya a hacer de Europa el Espacio Económico más competitivo del mundo. Se quiere hacer de la Universidad un pilar de la Europa del Conocimiento. Y la Sociedad del Conocimiento se interpreta fundamentalmente en clave económica mercantilista. En la sociedad postindustrial, la principal fuente de ventaja e...

  5. A taxonomy and discussion of software attack technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Sheila B.; Stytz, Martin R.

    2005-03-01

    Software is a complex thing. It is not an engineering artifact that springs forth from a design by simply following software coding rules; creativity and the human element are at the heart of the process. Software development is part science, part art, and part craft. Design, architecture, and coding are equally important activities and in each of these activities, errors may be introduced that lead to security vulnerabilities. Therefore, inevitably, errors enter into the code. Some of these errors are discovered during testing; however, some are not. The best way to find security errors, whether they are introduced as part of the architecture development effort or coding effort, is to automate the security testing process to the maximum extent possible and add this class of tools to the tools available, which aids in the compilation process, testing, test analysis, and software distribution. Recent technological advances, improvements in computer-generated forces (CGFs), and results in research in information assurance and software protection indicate that we can build a semi-intelligent software security testing tool. However, before we can undertake the security testing automation effort, we must understand the scope of the required testing, the security failures that need to be uncovered during testing, and the characteristics of the failures. Therefore, we undertook the research reported in the paper, which is the development of a taxonomy and a discussion of software attacks generated from the point of view of the security tester with the goal of using the taxonomy to guide the development of the knowledge base for the automated security testing tool. The representation for attacks and threat cases yielded by this research captures the strategies, tactics, and other considerations that come into play during the planning and execution of attacks upon application software. The paper is organized as follows. Section one contains an introduction to our research

  6. Discussion of thermal extraction chamber concepts for Lunar ISRU

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, Matthias; Hager, Philipp; Parzinger, Stephan; Dirlich, Thomas; Spinnler, Markus; Sattelmayer, Thomas; Walter, Ulrich

    The Exploration group of the Institute of Astronautics (LRT) of the Technische Universitüt a München focuses on long-term scenarios and sustainable human presence in space. One of the enabling technologies in this long-term perspective is in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). When dealing with the prospect of future manned missions to Moon and Mars the use of ISRU seems useful and intended. The activities presented in this paper focus on Lunar ISRU. This basically incorporates both the exploitation of Lunar oxygen from natural rock and the extraction of solar wind implanted particles (SWIP) from regolith dust. Presently the group at the LRT is examining possibilities for the extraction of SWIPs, which may provide several gaseous components (such as H2 and N2) valuable to a human presence on the Moon. As a major stepping stone in the near future a Lunar demonstrator/ verification experiment payload is being designed. This experiment, LUISE (LUnar ISru Experiment), will comprise a thermal process chamber for heating regolith dust (grain size below 500m), a solar thermal power supply, a sample distribution unit and a trace gas analysis. The first project stage includes the detailed design and analysis of the extraction chamber concepts and the thermal process involved in the removal of SWIP from Lunar Regolith dust. The technique of extracting Solar Wind volatiles from Regolith has been outlined by several sources. Heating the material to a threshold value seems to be the most reasonable approach. The present paper will give an overview over concepts for thermal extraction chambers to be used in the LUISE project and evaluate in detail the pros and cons of each concept. The special boundary conditions set by solar thermal heating of the chambers as well as the material properties of Regolith in a Lunar environment will be discussed. Both greatly influence the design of the extraction chamber. The performance of the chamber concepts is discussed with respect to the

  7. Empowerment of patients in online discussions about medicine use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Berkel, Jasper J; Lambooij, Mattijs S; Hegger, Ingrid

    2015-04-08

    Patient empowerment is crucial in the successful self-management of people with chronic diseases. In this study, we investigated whether discussions about medicine use taking place on online message boards contribute to patient empowerment and could subsequently result in the more effective use of medicines. We discuss the extent to which patient empowerment processes occur in discussions on online message boards, focusing on patients with three disorders with different characteristics: diabetes, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Because information is an important factor in both patient empowerment and self-management, we also evaluate the quality of the information being exchanged. We used a deductive thematic analysis method based on pre-existing categories. We gathered and analysed 5532 posts related to the conditions ADHD, ALS and diabetes from seven message boards (three for ADHD, three for diabetes, and one for ALS). We coded the posts for empowerment processes and the quality of the information exchanged. We identified patient empowerment processes in posts related to all three disorders. There is some variation in the frequency of these processes, but they show a similar order in the results: patients used the online message boards to exchange information, share personal experiences and for empathy or support. The type of information shared in these processes could contribute to the patient's self-efficacy when it comes to medicine use. The exchanged information was either correct or largely harmless. We also observed a tendency whereby participants correct previously posted incorrect information, and refer people to a healthcare professional following a request for medical advice, e.g. concerning the choice of medicines or dosage. Our findings show that patient empowerment processes occur in posts related to all three disorders. The type of information shared in these processes can contribute to the

  8. Geografia e Ecologia da Paisagem: pontos para discussão / Geography and Landscape Ecology: points for discussions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Nascimento Siqueira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses some aspects about the landscape concept and it contributions to understand the conceptual evolution of landscape according to geography and ecology. Respectively, these approaches, geographic and ecologic, emphasize the spatial analysis of landscape elements and the biological alteration and the ecological relations that are developed. Therefore, due to point view theorical and methodological, the Geoecology term has been rescued to integrate the geographic and ecological approaches. However, both approaches have used geotecnologies in identification and mapping of landscape units. Thus, it is possible to highlight that human appropriation of ecosystems is intense and transforming, therefore this factor must be considered in concept, structure and dynamic of landscapes.

  9. Humans in innovative work – a semiotic discussion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Mads

    principle of generalized symmetry when it comes to humans in innovative work. It is further argued that the proposed negligence may be due to some implications of the semiotic heritage affecting the approach. These limitations are related to a 'dyadic semiotics' adhering to the principle of meaning as 'a...... difference that makes a difference', which is translated into ANT's 'materialist semiotics' of 'mediators making other mediators do things'. Charles S. Peirce's triadic semiotic is discussed as a possible remedy for the suggested shortcomings of ANT. Drawing on material from the author's ongoing ethnographic...... study on the limiting and facilitating aspects of innovative efforts in a consulting engineering firm, the paper seeks to illustrate how a Peircian semiotic approach can contribute to an ANT-inspired study of innovation in a way that maintains the principle of generalized symmetry while at the same time...

  10. Enduring Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Proceedings of a panel discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walter, C. E., LLNL

    1997-11-18

    The panel reviewed the complete nuclear fuel cycle in the context of alternate energy resources, energy need projections, effects on the environment, susceptibility of nuclear materials to theft, diversion, and weapon proliferation. We also looked at ethical considerations of energy use, as well as waste, and its effects. The scope of the review extended to the end of the next century with due regard for world populations beyond that period. The intent was to take a long- range view and to project, not forecast, the future based on ethical rationales, and to avoid, as often happens, long-range discussions that quickly zoom in on only the next few decades. A specific nuclear fuel cycle technology that could satisfy these considerations was described and can be applied globally.

  11. Creating a learning culture for quality and leadership. Panel discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callender, David; Gracey, Bill; Lawrence, Bruce; Metzner, Kurt; Reilly, Robert; Stubblefield, Al; Wade, Richard

    2006-10-01

    Today's fast-changing health care environment requires adept and knowledgeable leadership. Leaders must develop consistent standards across the organization to ensure quality and operational excellence. This will require the adoption of new skill sets and behaviors by clinicians and other employees. Leaders, too, will need to develop new skills and behaviors to effectively implement positive change. Health Forum convened a group of health care executives and industry experts July 13 in San Francisco to examine how hospital leaders can build and disseminate a consistent quality culture throughout the organization. Health Forum would like to thank all of the participants for their open and candid discussion, as well as GE Healthcare for sponsoring this event.

  12. Internet-Based Delphi Research: Case Based Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Zachary Douglas; Donohoe, Holly M.; Stellefson, Michael L.

    2013-03-01

    The interactive capacity of the Internet offers benefits that are intimately linked with contemporary research innovation in the natural resource and environmental studies domains. However, e-research methodologies, such as the e-Delphi technique, have yet to undergo critical review. This study advances methodological discourse on the e-Delphi technique by critically assessing an e-Delphi case study. The analysis suggests that the benefits of using e-Delphi are noteworthy but the authors acknowledge that researchers are likely to face challenges that could potentially compromise research validity and reliability. To ensure that these issues are sufficiently considered when planning and designing an e-Delphi, important facets of the technique are discussed and recommendations are offered to help the environmental researcher avoid potential pitfalls associated with coordinating e-Delphi research.

  13. Discussions of Fatherhood in Male Batterer Treatment Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anu Veteläinen

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine how men who have perpetrated violence toward their partners and participated in batterer group talked about being a father and how they perceived their own fatherhood. The discussion in the group was analyzed qualitatively by using the methods of content analysis. In traditional fatherhood, they talked about avoidant, passiveness, distant, indifference, and authoritative controlling ways of acting. These men also created an image of themselves as active and caring fathers, thus including empathy and nurture in the concept of fatherhood. This new fatherhood was considered an achieved goal and an objective for the men as being a father. Talking about fatherhood in these groups is important as fatherhood and relations to children are both an important motivator toward nonviolence.

  14. NUFACT11 round table discussion questions and answers

    CERN Document Server

    Blondel, A

    2013-01-01

    This presents the response to questions formulated by a round table discussion panel to the NUFACT11 participants. The main points made were as follows. Neutrino mass is physics beyond the Standard Model, it presents a very deep puzzle to solve, with the answers to several fundamental questions as potential reward. Precision measurement of oscillation parameters is one essential way to access information needed to solve this puzzle and there is a relatively clear (but not easy) way forward. Large θ(13) makes the appearance signals larger, but does not allow to relax the requirements on high beam intensity and large detector masses, it creates a difficult challenge on systematic errors, which will require dedicated ancillary experiments. Of particular interest is a low intensity muon storage ring for required cross-section measurements. There exist already extended bottom-up international collaboration in both physics and R&D experiments. All three main regions have plans for upgraded super-beams and asso...

  15. Research Directions for Cyber Experimentation: Workshop Discussion Analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeWaard, Elizabeth [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Deccio, Casey [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fritz, David Jakob [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Tarman, Thomas D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-10-01

    Sandia National Laboratories hosted a workshop on August 11, 2017 entitled "Research Directions for Cyber Experimentation," which focused on identifying and addressing research gaps within the field of cyber experimentation , particularly emulation testbeds . This report mainly documents the discussion toward the end of the workshop, which included research gaps such as developing a sustainable research infrastructure, exp anding cyber experimentation, and making the field more accessible to subject matter experts who may not have a background in computer science . Other gaps include methodologies for rigorous experimentation, validation, and uncertainty quantification, which , if addressed, also have the potential to bridge the gap between cyber experimentation and cyber engineering. Workshop attendees presented various ways to overcome these research gaps, however the main conclusion for overcoming these gaps is better commun ication through increased workshops, conferences, email lists, and slack chann els, among other opportunities.

  16. Medication discussion between nurse prescribers and people with diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sibley, Andrew; Latter, Sue; Richard, Claude

    2011-01-01

    recently been issued, but the extent to which nurse prescribers are facilitating effective medicine-taking in diabetes remains unknown. Methods. A purposive sample of 20 nurse prescribers working with diabetes patients audio-recorded 59 of their routine consultations and a descriptive analysis......Aim. This paper is a report of a study to identify the content of, and participation in, medicine discussion between nurse prescribers and people with diabetes in England. Background. Diabetes affects 246 million people worldwide and effective management of medicines is an essential component...... of successful disease control. There are now over 20,000 nurse independent prescribers in the UK, many of whom frequently prescribe for people with diabetes. With this responsibility comes a challenge to effectively communicate with patients about medicines. National guidelines on medicines communication have...

  17. Data for Sochi 2014 Olympics discussion on social media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei P. Kirilenko

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Presented data is related to the research article “Sochi 2014 Olympics on Twitter: Perspectives of Hosts and Guests” [2].  The data were collected through regular API Twitter search for five months windowing 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and further used for cluster analysis and analysis of the sentiment on the Games. The main dataset contains 616 thousand tweets, rigorously cleaned and filtered to remove irrelevant content. To comply with the Twitter API user agreement, the dataset presented in this article includes only generalized daily data with all information contained in individual tweets removed. The proposed use of the dataset is academic research of changing discussion on the topics related to Mega-events in conjunction with political events.

  18. Data for Sochi 2014 Olympics discussion on social media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirilenko, Andrei P

    2017-08-01

    Presented data is related to the research article "Sochi 2014 Olympics on Twitter: Perspectives of Hosts and Guests" [2].  The data were collected through regular API Twitter search for five months windowing 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and further used for cluster analysis and analysis of the sentiment on the Games. The main dataset contains 616 thousand tweets, rigorously cleaned and filtered to remove irrelevant content. To comply with the Twitter API user agreement, the dataset presented in this article includes only generalized daily data with all information contained in individual tweets removed. The proposed use of the dataset is academic research of changing discussion on the topics related to Mega-events in conjunction with political events.

  19. Shared decision making in Brazil: history and current discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, Mirhelen Mendes de; Battisti, Raphael; Martins, Rachel Samhan; Baumgratz, Thiago Dias; Cuziol, Mirella

    2011-01-01

    There is no SDM in clinical practice in Brazil. The first steps have been taken towards research and tool development recently. Likewise, our society is starting to get involved with decision making in health care. This paper aims to offer an overview of the Brazilian health system history, its values, and its influence on SDM. The participative social control concept is introduced as a result of the movement against the dictatorship era. In addition, the influence of social changes on the Medical Ethical Code is delineated. SDM state of the art in Brazil is also discussed and the challenges to implement it on clinical practice are described. Regardless the challenges, it is possible to make a positive assessment of SDM in Brazil. 2011. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  20. “Infectious Supercarelessness” in Discussing Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil S. Greenspan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Many bacterial pathogens are exhibiting resistance to increasing numbers of antibiotics making it much more challenging to treat the infections caused by these microbes. In many reports in the media and perhaps even in discussions among physicians and biomedical scientists, these bacteria are frequently referred to as “bugs” with the prefix “super” appended. This terminology has a high potential to elicit unjustified inferences and fails to highlight the broader evolutionary context. Understanding the full range of biological and evolutionary factors that influence the spread and outcomes of infections is critical to formulating effective individual therapies and public health interventions. Therefore, more accurate terminology should be used to refer these multidrug-resistant bacteria.