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  1. The Role of Neurosciences in Education… and vice versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruart, Agnès

    2014-01-01

    One of the key questions in education is how the learning process in the classroom takes place and how different environmental and individual circumstances (attention, motivation, nutrition, stimulus presentation, etc.) can enhance the child's capabilities to learn and to remember. These and other cognitive skills are shaped as a consequence of…

  2. The Specific Challenges of Globalization for Teaching and Vice Versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David Geoffrey

    2000-01-01

    Contemporary globalization is a continuation of European colonialism, shaped by the Protestant capitalist ethic and technology. The changing mandates of teaching and education under the influence of globalization are identified. Possibilities for teaching in the age of globalization are explored under three themes: recovery of personal truth,…

  3. The conversion of spring wheat into winter wheat and vice versa ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 35; Issue 2. The conversion of spring wheat into winter wheat and vice versa: false claim or Lamarckian inheritance? Xiuju Li Yongsheng Liu. Mini-review Volume 35 Issue 2 June 2010 pp 321-325 ...

  4. Exploring the impact of a spatial data infrastructure on value-added resellers and vice versa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cooper, Antony K

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Cooper_2013_ABSTRACT ONLY.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 1359 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Cooper_2013_ABSTRACT ONLY.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Cartography... from Pole to Pole Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography 2014, pp 395-404 Exploring the Impact of a Spatial Data Infrastructure on Value- Added Resellers and Vice Versa Antony K. Cooper, Serena Coetzee, Petr Rapant, Dominique Laurent...

  5. The bronchial response to mannitol is attenuated by a previous methacholine test: but not vice versa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gade, E.; Thomsen, S.F.; Porsbjerg, C.

    2009-01-01

    To examine the airway response to inhaled mannitol performed before or after a methacholine challenge test in a group of asthmatics with different levels of disease. A total of 48 asthmatics, 18-73 years of age, were included in the study. Two pairs of challenges were performed in a random order...... on two separate days >= 24 h apart: either with mannitol performed first on day one, followed >= 1 h by methacholine, and methacholine as the first on day two, followed >= 1 h by mannitol or vice versa. A questionnaire-based interview was performed and lung function, exhaled nitric oxide, skin prick test......, and blood eosinophil count were measured. A total of 44% of the asthmatics used inhaled corticosteroids and 48% were atopic. The airway response to mannitol was attenuated when mannitol was given after methacholine, compared with the response to mannitol when it was given first [log response dose ratio (RDR...

  6. Spondyloarthropathies in Autoimmune Diseases and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Fernández, Oscar M.; Mantilla, Rubén D.; Cruz-Tapias, Paola; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Alberto; Rojas-Villarraga, Adriana; Anaya, Juan-Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Polyautoimmunity is one of the major clinical characteristics of autoimmune diseases (ADs). The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of ADs in spondyloarthropathies (SpAs) and vice versa. This was a two-phase cross-sectional study. First, we examined the presence of ADs in a cohort of patients with SpAs (N = 148). Second, we searched for the presence of SpAs in a well-defined group of patients with ADs (N = 1077) including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Among patients with SpAs, ankylosing spondylitis was observed in the majority of them (55.6%). There were two patients presenting with SS in the SpA group (1.4%) and 5 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (3.5%). The global prevalence of ADs in SpAs was 4.86%. In the ADs group, there were 5 patients with SpAs (0.46%). Our results suggest a lack of association between SpAs and ADs. Accordingly, SpAs might correspond more to autoinflammatory diseases rather than to ADs. PMID:22400103

  7. Social neuroscience: understanding the pieces fosters understanding the whole and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacioppo, John T

    2002-11-01

    Social science and neuroscience perspectives represent two ends of a continuum of levels of organization studied in psychology. Human behavior as a whole unfolds at social levels of organization, whereas much of the research in psychology has focused on cognitive and biological pieces of this whole. Recent evidence underscores the complementary nature of social, cognitive, and biological levels of analysis and how research integrating these levels can foster more comprehensive theories of the mechanisms underlying complex behavior and the mind. This research underscores the unity of psychology and the importance of retaining multilevel integrative research that spans molar and molecular levels of analysis.

  8. What the Heart Says to the Brain (and vice versa and Why We Should Listen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian F. Thayer

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we describe a model of neurovisceral integration in which a set of neural structures involved in cognitive, affective, and autonomic regulation are related to heart rate variability (HRV and cognitive performance. We will provide pharmacological and neuroimaging data in support of the neural structures linking the central nervous system to HRV. Next, we will review a number of studies from our group showing that individual differences in HRV are related to performance on tasks associated with executive function and prefrontal cortical activity as well as with emotional regulation. In the first study, individual differences in resting HRV we related to performance on executive and nonexecutive function tasks. The results showed that greater HRV was associated with better performance on executive function tasks. In another experiment, HRV was manipulated by physical detraining. Again, those that maintained their HRV at the post-test showed better performance on executive function tasks. In an experiment investigating emotional regulation we showed that resting levels of HRV were related to emotion modulated startle responses such that those with higher HRV produced context appropriate responses compared to those with low HRV. We propose that these findings have important implications for the understanding of the two-way communication between the heart and the brain.

  9. How the melody facilitates the message and vice versa in infant learning and memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiessen, Erik D; Saffran, Jenny R

    2009-07-01

    Infants are often presented with input in which there are multiple related regularities, as is the case in musical input with both melodic and lyrical structure. Adult learners often learn more easily from complex input containing multiple correlated regularities than from simplified input. Do infants also capitalize on complexity, or instead do they benefit from simplified input? In this series of experiments, infants were presented with music in which melodic and lyrical structure predicted each other, or in which only one type of regularity was presented in isolation (melodies alone, or lyrics presented with no melody). Infants learned lyrics more easily when they were paired with a melody than when they were presented alone; similarly, they learned melodies more easily when they were paired with lyrics than when they were presented alone. There are several potential mechanisms that could explain how infants' learning is facilitated by complex input, suggesting important implications for learning in infants' natural environments.

  10. Teaching Visual Arts - From the Innocent Eye to Immersiveness and Vice Versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marijan Richter

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-19th century, John Ruskin, apologist for the poetics of the innocent eye, advocated a break with academic Realism. A century later, Gombrich and Goodman criticized Ruskin's Romantic subjectivism from the position of High Modernism. Consequently, the "Enlightenment" approach in teaching visual arts became stronger. Recently, some teaching specialists have been trying to inaugurate the term, immersiveness, in place of visual arts language for the purpose of introducing contemporary art into the syllabus. This paper examines the relation between "the innocent eye myth" and topical approach of "immersiveness" within the framework of educational objectives and methods in contemporary teaching.

  11. Lattice discontinuities affecting the generation and annihilation of diffusible hydrogen and vice versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchheim, Reiner

    2017-06-01

    Lattice discontinuities include lattice defects and surfaces both providing traps for hydrogen atoms. It will be discussed under which conditions discontinuities of a given distribution either release trapped hydrogen to become diffusible or capture diffusible H-atoms to become trapped. It will be shown that for any distribution, the self-diffusion coefficient of hydrogen is determined by the product of the H-diffusion in the perfect lattice times the fraction of hydrogen being diffusible. In this context, the quantities diffusible hydrogen, lattice hydrogen, thermodynamic activity of hydrogen and chemical potential of hydrogen are interchangeable in a general way. New discontinuities are generated during hydrogen embritllement (fracture surfaces, voids, dislocations) and dislocations move by kink pair formation. The production rate of these discontinuities depends on the chemical potential of hydrogen within the defactant concept or the generalized Gibbs adsorption isotherm. Thus, the chemical potential of hydrogen determines both the amount of trapping and the defect generation rate. For a crack propagating by dislocations generation, the chemical potential affects its velocity independent of the accompanying concentration enhancement in front of the crack tip or the related adsorption on the freshly generated crack surface. This article is part of the themed issue 'The challenges of hydrogen and metals'.

  12. Are Horses Like Zebras, or Vice Versa? Children's Sensitivity to the Asymmetries of Directional Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chestnut, Eleanor K.; Markman, Ellen M.

    2016-01-01

    Adults exhibit strong preferences when framing symmetrical relations. Adults prefer, for example, "A zebra is like a horse" to "A horse is like a zebra," and "The bicycle is near the building" to "The building is near the bicycle." This is because directional syntax requires more typical or prominent items…

  13. Federal mineral-lease-bidding data bases versus the real world and vice versa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohrenz, J.; Waller, R.A.

    1979-01-01

    From the vantage point of builders and operators of Federal mineral-lease-bidding data bases, users are addressed. Users are a polyglot lot of empiricists, mechanists, and theorists. The users' perfect data base would contain all data needed to examine all bidding theories and predict bidders' behavior using the theories. That ideal data base has not been attained. However, even the richly flawed history of these data bases leads one to the not particularly prescient notion that users, with omnipresent complaints about errors in and lack of data, will keep the data bases functioning by using them.

  14. Should risk from medical imaging be assessed in the absence of benefit and vice versa?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, Louis K. [The University of Texas - Houston Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Houston, TX (United States)

    2014-10-15

    Diagnostic radiology has an image problem. In its effort to develop a better understanding of benefit-risk in medical radiology, data on potential risks associated with medical imaging have been welcomed into the medical community. As such, risk perspectives and mantras from the occupational health profession have been adopted and applied to patients. These perspectives often focus on risk with only casual, incidental, or no reference to the benefits experienced by patients. These occupational health viewpoints have accumulated over decades, have overshadowed a very limited perspective about the benefits of medical X-rays, and have become an integrated part of our profession. This review argues that the medical profession should abandon perspectives on risk that are adopted from occupational health professions and focus on perspectives that realistically focus on the medical benefit-risk for patients. (orig.)

  15. Mobile operators as banks or vice-versa? and: the challenges of Mobile channels for banks

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThis short paper addresses the strategic challenges of deposit banks, and payment clearinghouses, posed by the growing role of mobile operators as collectors and payment agents of flow of cash for themselves and third parties. Through analysis and data analysis from selected operators , it is shown that mobile operators achieve as money flow handlers levels of efficiency , profitability ,and risk control comparable with deposit banks – Furthermore , the payment infrastructures dep...

  16. MO-C-BRCD-03: The Role of Informatics in Medical Physics and Vice Versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriole, K

    2012-06-01

    Like Medical Physics, Imaging Informatics encompasses concepts touching every aspect of the imaging chain from image creation, acquisition, management and archival, to image processing, analysis, display and interpretation. The two disciplines are in fact quite complementary, with similar goals to improve the quality of care provided to patients using an evidence-based approach, to assure safety in the clinical and research environments, to facilitate efficiency in the workplace, and to accelerate knowledge discovery. Use-cases describing several areas of informatics activity will be given to illustrate current limitations that would benefit from medical physicist participation, and conversely areas in which informaticists may contribute to the solution. Topics to be discussed include radiation dose monitoring, process management and quality control, display technologies, business analytics techniques, and quantitative imaging. Quantitative imaging is increasingly becoming an essential part of biomedicalresearch as well as being incorporated into clinical diagnostic activities. Referring clinicians are asking for more objective information to be gleaned from the imaging tests that they order so that they may make the best clinical management decisions for their patients. Medical Physicists may be called upon to identify existing issues as well as develop, validate and implement new approaches and technologies to help move the field further toward quantitative imaging methods for the future. Biomedical imaging informatics tools and techniques such as standards, integration, data mining, cloud computing and new systems architectures, ontologies and lexicons, data visualization and navigation tools, and business analytics applications can be used to overcome some of the existing limitations. 1. Describe what is meant by Medical Imaging Informatics and understand why the medical physicist should care. 2. Identify existing limitations in information technologies with

  17. Mobile operators as banks or vice-versa? and: the challenges of Mobile channels for banks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L-F. Pau (Louis-François)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThis short paper addresses the strategic challenges of deposit banks, and payment clearinghouses, posed by the growing role of mobile operators as collectors and payment agents of flow of cash for themselves and third parties. Through analysis and data analysis from selected operators ,

  18. Video2Sentence and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    which outperforms a low-level audiovisual representation. Our novelty is to demonstrate the capabilities of semantic representations for translating ...demonstrate the translations using arbi- trary web videos and sentences related to everyday events. What is more, we will provide an automatically generated...explanation, in terms of concept detectors, on why a partic- ular video or sentence has been retrieved as the most likely translation . Categories and

  19. Sociology as Moral Philosophy (and Vice Versa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenberghe, Frédéric

    2017-11-01

    In this article, I want to make an attempt to reconnect sociology to moral philosophy and moral philosophy to sociology. The thesis I want to defend is that sociology continues by other means the venerable tradition of practical and moral philosophy. Like its forebears, it stands and falls with a defense of "practical wisdom" (Aristotle) and "practical reason" (Kant). The development of a moral sociology presupposes, however, that one recognizes and rejects Max Weber's theory of axiological neutrality as an extremist position and that one carefully articulates prescriptive and descriptive, internal and external, as well as observer and actor positions. © 2017 Canadian Sociological Association/La Société canadienne de sociologie.

  20. Time scales: from Nabla calculus to Delta calculus and vice versa via duality

    OpenAIRE

    Caputo, M. Cristina

    2009-01-01

    In this note we show how one can obtain results from the nabla calculus from results on the delta calculus and vice versa via a duality argument. We provide applications of the main results to the calculus of variations on time scales.

  1. Impacts of Philosophy and Theology on the Discussions Concerning the Existence of ExoLife and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostro, Ludwik

    2012-05-01

    There are philosophers and theologians who argue in favor of the existence of life, consciousness and intelligence in the Universe. (A) Philosophers, to support their arguments, use e.g. (1) the principle of homogeneity of Nature ("The same natural or statistical phenomena in the same natural or statistical circumstances, run naturally or statistically the same way", "What is allowed by the laws of Nature has necessarily to happen if there are adequate and favorable circumstances"/George R. Price/). Therefore life and consciousness have been regarded as cosmic phenomena. (2) The principle of large numbers that allows us to calculate the frequency of replica, in our case the frequency of habitable exoplanets. (B) The theologians argue e.g. that if the Universe was deprived of life and consciousness, the act of creation could not be regarded as God's gift of sensible existence, but only as His toy to play with, deprived totally of sensibility. On the other hand the existence of exolife, especially of exo-civilisations, creates problems for Christian theology that is still geocentric i.e. provincial and parochial. According to the Christian beliefs in heaven there are governing only terrestrial representatives: Jesus of Nazareth who is sitting at the right-hand side of his Father, His Mother Mary who is considered to be the Queen of the Heaven and Saint Peter who holds the keys to the Kingdom of God. If in our and other galaxies there are habitable planets, then Christian theology must change. The Holy See is aware of the problem and therefore Rome encourages creation of new theological ideas. There are already theologians who, in order to make their theology more cosmic, try to resolve the problem introducing the notion of multi-incarnation or returning to the ancient adoptive Christology. In such a way the birth of the modern astrobiology can trigger a new profound overturn of people's outlook on the whole world.

  2. The Arc from the Body to Culture: How Affect, Proprioception, Kinesthesia, and Perceptual Imagery Shape Cultural Knowledge (and vice versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Kimmel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay approaches the complex triadic relation between concepts, body, and culture from an angle rooted in the empirical cognitive research of the past three decades or so. Specifically, it reviews approaches to how the body shapes conceptualization, reasoning, and communication. One main section examines how the body contributes to cultural learning and another how abstract cultural concepts are grounded in sensorimotor experience, perception, and inner somatic states. Their purpose is to survey and briefly critique different theoretical frameworks, probe into their complementarity, and summarily evaluate to what extent higher cognition is embodied. The third main section outlines elements of an epistemological framework that connects culture, concepts, and the body in a sensible way. The paper closes with a discussion of how the embodied cognition paradigm advances a rapprochement of different areas both within cognitive research and beyond.

  3. The Importance of Evolutionary Theory for Developmental Science--And Vice Versa: The Case of Developmental Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greve, Werner

    2012-01-01

    The empirical and conceptual interrelations of phylogeny (evolution) and ontogeny (development) may prove to be more important than previously acknowledged. It is argued that this holds particularly for evolutionary psychology. For instance, an evolutionary point of view will add to the explanation of (the shape of) pre- and post-reductive phases…

  4. The Picaresque Writer: What a Reading of Apuleius' Metamorphoses Can Tell about Lazarillo de Tormes (and Vice Versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zala Rott

    2009-12-01

    All in all, the one obvious thing is the transition from an oral form of expression to a (more elaborate written one: from a speech, fable, or story to a book, letter, or novel, where the real victim is the reader.

  5. Language in schizophrenia Part 2: What can psycholinguistics bring to the study of schizophrenia...and vice versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuperberg, Gina R

    2010-08-01

    This is the second of two articles that discuss higher-order language and semantic processing in schizophrenia. The companion article (Part 1) gives an introduction to language dysfunction in schizophrenia patients. This article reviews a selection of psycholinguistic studies which suggest that sentence-level abnormalities in schizophrenia may stem from a relative overdependence on semantic associative relationships at the expense of building higher-order meaning. Language disturbances in schizophrenia may be best conceptualized as arising from an imbalance of activity across two streams of processing, one drawing upon semantic relationships within semantic memory and the other involving the use of combinatorial mechanisms to build propositional meaning. I will also discuss some of the ways in which the study of schizophrenia may offer new insights into the cognitive and neural architecture of the normal language system.

  6. Thyrotropin-blocking autoantibodies and thyroid-stimulating autoantibodies: potential mechanisms involved in the pendulum swinging from hypothyroidism to hyperthyroidism or vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLachlan, Sandra M; Rapoport, Basil

    2013-01-01

    Thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies that stimulate the thyroid (TSAb) cause Graves' hyperthyroidism and TSHR antibodies which block thyrotropin action (TBAb) are occasionally responsible for hypothyroidism. Unusual patients switch from TSAb to TBAb (or vice versa) with concomitant thyroid function changes. We have examined case reports to obtain insight into the basis for "switching." TBAb to TSAb switching occurs in patients treated with levothyroxine (LT4); the reverse switch (TBAb to TSAb) occurs after anti-thyroid drug therapy; TSAb/TBAb alterations may occur during pregnancy and are well recognized in transient neonatal thyroid dysfunction. Factors that may impact the shift include: (i) LT4 treatment, usually associated with decreased thyroid autoantibodies, in unusual patients induces or enhances thyroid autoantibody levels; (ii) antithyroid drug treatment decreases thyroid autoantibody levels; (iii) hyperthyroidism can polarize antigen-presenting cells, leading to impaired development of regulatory T cells, thereby compromising control of autoimmunity; (iv) immune-suppression/hemodilution reduces thyroid autoantibodies during pregnancy and rebounds postpartum; (v) maternally transferred IgG transiently impacts thyroid function in neonates until metabolized; (vi) a Graves' disease model involving immunizing TSHR-knockout mice with mouse TSHR-adenovirus and transfer of TSHR antibody-secreting splenocytes to athymic mice demonstrates the TSAb to TBAb shift, paralleling the outcome of maternally transferred "term limited" TSHR antibodies in neonates. Finally, perhaps most important, as illustrated by dilution analyses of patients' sera in vitro, TSHR antibody concentrations and affinities play a critical role in switching TSAb and TBAb functional activities in vivo. Switching between TBAb and TSAb (or vice versa) occurs in unusual patients after LT4 therapy for hypothyroidism or anti-thyroid drug treatment for Graves' disease. These changes involve

  7. Thyrotropin-Blocking Autoantibodies and Thyroid-Stimulating Autoantibodies: Potential Mechanisms Involved in the Pendulum Swinging from Hypothyroidism to Hyperthyroidism or Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapoport, Basil

    2013-01-01

    Background Thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) antibodies that stimulate the thyroid (TSAb) cause Graves' hyperthyroidism and TSHR antibodies which block thyrotropin action (TBAb) are occasionally responsible for hypothyroidism. Unusual patients switch from TSAb to TBAb (or vice versa) with concomitant thyroid function changes. We have examined case reports to obtain insight into the basis for “switching.” Summary TBAb to TSAb switching occurs in patients treated with levothyroxine (LT4); the reverse switch (TBAb to TSAb) occurs after anti-thyroid drug therapy; TSAb/TBAb alterations may occur during pregnancy and are well recognized in transient neonatal thyroid dysfunction. Factors that may impact the shift include: (i) LT4 treatment, usually associated with decreased thyroid autoantibodies, in unusual patients induces or enhances thyroid autoantibody levels; (ii) antithyroid drug treatment decreases thyroid autoantibody levels; (iii) hyperthyroidism can polarize antigen-presenting cells, leading to impaired development of regulatory T cells, thereby compromising control of autoimmunity; (iv) immune-suppression/hemodilution reduces thyroid autoantibodies during pregnancy and rebounds postpartum; (v) maternally transferred IgG transiently impacts thyroid function in neonates until metabolized; (vi) a Graves' disease model involving immunizing TSHR-knockout mice with mouse TSHR-adenovirus and transfer of TSHR antibody-secreting splenocytes to athymic mice demonstrates the TSAb to TBAb shift, paralleling the outcome of maternally transferred “term limited” TSHR antibodies in neonates. Finally, perhaps most important, as illustrated by dilution analyses of patients' sera in vitro, TSHR antibody concentrations and affinities play a critical role in switching TSAb and TBAb functional activities in vivo. Conclusions Switching between TBAb and TSAb (or vice versa) occurs in unusual patients after LT4 therapy for hypothyroidism or anti-thyroid drug treatment for Graves

  8. Even at 4 months, a labial is a good enough coronal, but not vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Sho; Mazuka, Reiko; Cristia, Alejandrina; Fikkert, Paula

    2015-01-01

    Numerous studies have revealed an asymmetry tied to the perception of coronal place of articulation: participants accept a labial mispronunciation of a coronal target, but not vice versa. Whether or not this asymmetry is based on language-general properties or arises from language-specific experience has been a matter of debate. The current study suggests a bias of the first type by documenting an early, cross-linguistic asymmetry related to coronal place of articulation. Japanese and Dutch 4- and 6-month-old infants showed evidence of discrimination if they were habituated to a labial and then tested on a coronal sequence, but not vice versa. This finding has important implications for both phonological theories and infant speech perception research. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Coexistence of Wormian Bones With Metopism, and Vice Versa, in Adult Skulls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cirpan, Sibel; Aksu, Funda; Mas, Nuket; Magden, Abdurrahman Orhan

    2016-03-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate coexistence of Wormian bones with metopism, and vice versa, in adult skulls. A total of 160 dry adult human skulls of unknown sex and ages were randomly selected from the Gross Anatomy Laboratory of Medical School of Dokuz Eylul University. The skulls were examined for presence of metopism, Wormian bones (WB), and coexistence of WBs with metopism and vice versa. Topographic distribution of the WBs was macroscopically evaluated within the skulls including metopism. The photographs were being taken with Canon 400B (55 mm objective). The frequency of metopism and WBs in 160 skulls is 7.50% (12/160) and 59.3% (95/160), respectively, P coexistence of WBs with metopism was found as 11 of 12 skulls (91.66%), whereas the incidence of coexistence of metopism with WBs was found as 11 of 95 skulls (11.58%), P coexistence of WBs with metopism (11/12, 91.66%) and coexistence of metopism with WBs (11/95, 11.58%). The factors leading to metopism may also lead to WBs, whereas that the factors leading to WBs may not lead to metopism.

  10. From substance use to homelessness or vice versa?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McVicar, Duncan; Moschion, Julie; van Ours, Jan

    Homelessness is associated with substance use, but whether substance use precedes or follows homelessness is unclear. We investigate the nature of the relationship between homelessness and substance use using data from the unique Australian panel dataset Journeys Home collected in 4 surveys over the

  11. Text Mining to Support Gene Ontology Curation and Vice Versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruch, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    In this chapter, we explain how text mining can support the curation of molecular biology databases dealing with protein functions. We also show how curated data can play a disruptive role in the developments of text mining methods. We review a decade of efforts to improve the automatic assignment of Gene Ontology (GO) descriptors, the reference ontology for the characterization of genes and gene products. To illustrate the high potential of this approach, we compare the performances of an automatic text categorizer and show a large improvement of +225 % in both precision and recall on benchmarked data. We argue that automatic text categorization functions can ultimately be embedded into a Question-Answering (QA) system to answer questions related to protein functions. Because GO descriptors can be relatively long and specific, traditional QA systems cannot answer such questions. A new type of QA system, so-called Deep QA which uses machine learning methods trained with curated contents, is thus emerging. Finally, future advances of text mining instruments are directly dependent on the availability of high-quality annotated contents at every curation step. Databases workflows must start recording explicitly all the data they curate and ideally also some of the data they do not curate.

  12. Do depressive symptoms predict paranoia or vice versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, Steffen; Göritz, Anja S; McLean, Benjamin; Westermann, Stefan; Brodbeck, Jeannette

    2017-09-01

    Affective versus nonaffective psychoses are today no longer regarded as mutually exclusive disorders. Theorists have recently highlighted the role of affective symptoms in the formation of paranoid beliefs, particularly negative beliefs about the self, interpersonal sensitivity, sleep disturbances, and worrying, which exist along a continuum in the general population. For the present study, we tested the bidirectional causal relationships between paranoia and affect. A large population sample (N = 2,357) was examined at three time-points (baseline, six months, two years) as to the severity of subclinical paranoid beliefs (Paranoia Checklist, PCL) and depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PHQ-9). Worrying and avoidance were measured with items from the Maladaptive and Adaptive Coping Style Questionnaire (MAX). Depression and paranoid symptoms were strongly cross-sectionally related (r = 0.69) and showed high stability (r > 0.72). Depressive symptoms at T2 predicted paranoid symptoms at T3 (beta = 0.16; no significant relationship from T1 to T2), whereas paranoid symptoms predicted depressive symptoms from T1 to T2 (beta = 0.09; no significant relationship from T2 to T3). Results should be replicated in a sample of paranoid patients, as risk factors for subclinical versus manifest paranoia may differ. Some constructs were measured with single items derived from a new scale. The predictive association of depression to subsequent paranoia was small and confined to the long interval from T2 to T3. Treatments should target both paranoia and depression - irrespective of their causal relationship - particularly as patients with psychosis consider treatment of their emotional problems a priority. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. From substance use to homelessness or vice versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVicar, Duncan; Moschion, Julie; van Ours, Jan C

    2015-07-01

    Homelessness is associated with substance use, but whether substance use precedes or follows homelessness is unclear. We investigate the nature of the relationship between homelessness and substance use using data from the unique Australian panel dataset Journeys Home collected in 4 surveys over the period from October 2011 to May 2013. Our data refer to 1325 individuals who were homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. We investigate dynamics in homelessness and substance use over the survey period. We find that the two are closely related: homeless individuals are more likely to be substance users and substance users are more likely to be homeless. These relationships, however, are predominantly driven by observed and unobserved individual characteristics which cause individuals to be both more likely to be homeless and to be substance users. Once we take these personal characteristics into account it seems that homelessness does not affect substance use, although we cannot rule out that alcohol use increases the probability that an individual becomes homeless. These overall relationships also hide some interesting heterogeneity by 'type' of homelessness. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Why cognitive science needs philosophy and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thagard, Paul

    2009-04-01

    Contrary to common views that philosophy is extraneous to cognitive science, this paper argues that philosophy has a crucial role to play in cognitive science with respect to generality and normativity. General questions include the nature of theories and explanations, the role of computer simulation in cognitive theorizing, and the relations among the different fields of cognitive science. Normative questions include whether human thinking should be Bayesian, whether decision making should maximize expected utility, and how norms should be established. These kinds of general and normative questions make philosophical reflection an important part of progress in cognitive science. Philosophy operates best, however, not with a priori reasoning or conceptual analysis, but rather with empirically informed reflection on a wide range of findings in cognitive science. Copyright © 2009 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  15. Adapting computational text analysis to social science (and vice versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul DiMaggio

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Social scientists and computer scientist are divided by small differences in perspective and not by any significant disciplinary divide. In the field of text analysis, several such differences are noted: social scientists often use unsupervised models to explore corpora, whereas many computer scientists employ supervised models to train data; social scientists hold to more conventional causal notions than do most computer scientists, and often favor intense exploitation of existing algorithms, whereas computer scientists focus more on developing new models; and computer scientists tend to trust human judgment more than social scientists do. These differences have implications that potentially can improve the practice of social science.

  16. Turning Music Catalogues into Archives of Musical Scores – or Vice Versa: Music Archives and Catalogues Based on MEI XML

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geertinger, Axel Teich

    2014-01-01

    metadata and fully-featured scores may be a way of overcoming some of these limitations and at the same time include catalogue data in the score and vice versa. The Music Encoding Initiative (MEI) offers a framework for such an approach based on XML files. The article discusses pros and cons...

  17. From geometry to algebra and vice versa: Realistic mathematics education principles for analyzing geometry tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupri, Al

    2017-04-01

    In this article we address how Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) principles, including the intertwinement and the reality principles, are used to analyze geometry tasks. To do so, we carried out three phases of a small-scale study. First we analyzed four geometry problems - considered as tasks inviting the use of problem solving and reasoning skills - theoretically in the light of the RME principles. Second, we tested two problems to 31 undergraduate students of mathematics education program and other two problems to 16 master students of primary mathematics education program. Finally, we analyzed student written work and compared these empirical to the theoretical results. We found that there are discrepancies between what we expected theoretically and what occurred empirically in terms of mathematization and of intertwinement of mathematical concepts from geometry to algebra and vice versa. We conclude that the RME principles provide a fruitful framework for analyzing geometry tasks that, for instance, are intended for assessing student problem solving and reasoning skills.

  18. M2 to D2 and vice versa by 3-Lie and Lie bialgebra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aali-Javanangrouh, M.; Rezaei-Aghdam, A. [Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    Using the concept of a 3-Lie bialgebra, which has recently been defined in arXiv:1604.04475, we construct a Bagger-Lambert-Gustavson (BLG) model for the M2-brane on a Manin triple of a special 3-Lie bialgebra. Then by using the correspondence and the relation between those 3-Lie bialgebra with Lie bialgebra, we reduce this model to an N = (4,4) WZW model (D2-brane), such that its algebraic structure is a Lie bialgebra with one 2-cocycle. In this manner by using the correspondence of the 3-Lie bialgebra and Lie bialgebra (for this special 3-Lie algebra) one can construct the M2-brane from a D2-brane and vice versa. (orig.)

  19. Prevalence of Celiac Disease in Children with Autoimmune Hepatitis and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najafi, Mehri; Sadjadei, Nooshin; Eftekhari, Kambiz; Khodadad, Ahmad; Motamed, Farzaneh; Fallahi, Gholam-Hossain; Farahmand, Fatemeh

    2014-12-01

    Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the risk of autoimmune liver disease is high. Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic and progressive entity and the risk of its being associated with other autoimmune disorders such as celiac disease is high also. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in patients with autoimmune hepatitis and vice versa. In a cross-sectional study children with autoimmune hepatitis underwent serological screening and endoscopy for celiac disease. In patients with celiac disease, serum aminotransferases were measured and, if abnormal, autoantibodies related to autoimmune hepatitis were checked and needle liver biopsy was performed. Of the 96 patients, 64 had autoimmune hepatitis and 32 celiac disease. Among patients with autoimmune hepatitis only three (4.7%) were compatible with celiac disease. In the group of patients with celiac disease, autoimmune hepatitis was confirmed in four (12.5%) cases. We consider important to state that 3.1% of this group had celiac hepatitis. Autoimmune liver disease is sometimes associated with latent celiac disease. Serological screening for celiac disease should be routinely done in patients with abnormal serum aminotransferases, particularly those with chronic liver disease. On the other hand, celiac disease is often accompanied by other autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune hepatitis.

  20. Transformations from an oblate spheroid to a plane and vice versa: The equations used in the cartographic projection program MAP2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, D. A.; Schwartz, A. A.

    1977-01-01

    The relationships between the coordinates of a point on the surface on an oblate spheroid and the coordinates of the projection of that point in several common map projections are discussed. Because several of the projections are conformal, the theory of conformally mapping an oblate spheroid to the plane is summarized. For each projection considered, the equations which map the spheroid to the plane and their inverses are given.

  1. Laser corneal refractive surgery in the twenty-first century: a review of the impact of refractive surgery on high-order aberrations (and vice versa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arba-Mosquera, Samuel; Arbelaez, Maria C.; de Ortueta, Diego

    2010-07-01

    Here we review the situation of laser corneal refractive surgery in the twenty-first century. We pay special attention to the change in aberrations, covering the compensation of the loss of ablation efficiency at non-normal incidence, the effects of cyclotorsional errors, aspheric, wavefront optimized and aberration neutral concepts, and centration of refractive profiles. A review of the clinical outcomes is provided including myopic, hyperopic, and astigmatic, as well as wavefront customized or presbyopic outcomes.

  2. Clinical consequences of switching from olanzapine to risperidone and vice versa in outpatients with schizophrenia: 36-month results from the worldwide schizophrenia outpatients health outcomes (W-SOHO) study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background With many atypical antipsychotics now available in the market, it has become a common clinical practice to switch between atypical agents as a means of achieving the best clinical outcomes. This study aimed to examine the impact of switching from olanzapine to risperidone and vice versa on clinical status and tolerability outcomes in outpatients with schizophrenia in a naturalistic setting. Methods W-SOHO was a 3-year observational study that involved over 17,000 outpatients with schizophrenia from 37 countries worldwide. The present post hoc study focused on the subgroup of patients who started taking olanzapine at baseline and subsequently made the first switch to risperidone (n=162) and vice versa (n=136). Clinical status was assessed at the visit when the first switch was made (i.e. before switching) and after switching. Logistic regression models examined the impact of medication switch on tolerability outcomes, and linear regression models assessed the association between medication switch and change in the Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia (CGI-SCH) overall score or change in weight. In addition, Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox-proportional hazards models were used to analyze the time to medication switch as well as time to relapse (symptom worsening as assessed by the CGI-SCH scale or hospitalization). Results 48% and 39% of patients switching to olanzapine and risperidone, respectively, remained on the medication without further switches (p=0.019). Patients switching to olanzapine were significantly less likely to experience relapse (hazard ratio: 3.43, 95% CI: 1.43, 8.26), extrapyramidal symptoms (odds ratio [OR]: 4.02, 95% CI: 1.49, 10.89) and amenorrhea/galactorrhea (OR: 8.99, 95% CI: 2.30, 35.13). No significant difference in weight change was, however, found between the two groups. While the CGI-SCH overall score improved in both groups after switching, there was a significantly greater change in those who switched to olanzapine

  3. From community training to university training (and vice-versa: new sign language translator and interpreter profile in the brazilian context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Regina de Oliveira Martins

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to discuss the new profile of sign language translators/interpreters that is taking shape in Brazil since the implementation of policies stimulating the training of these professionals. We qualitatively analyzed answers to a semi-open questionary given by undergraduate students from a BA course in translation and interpretation in Brazilian sign language/Portuguese. Our results show that the ones to seek for this area are not, as it used to be, the ones who have some relation with the deaf community and/or need some kind of certification for their activity as a sign language interpreter. Actually, the students’ choice for the course in discussion had to do with their score in a unified profession selection system (SISU. This contrasts with the 1980, 1990, 2000 sign language interpreter’s profile. As Brazilian Sign Language has become more popular, people search for a university degree have started to see sign language translation/interpreting as an interesting option for their career. So, we discuss here the need to take into account the need to provide students who cannot sign with the necessary pedagogical means to learn the language, which will promote the accessibility of Brazilian deaf communities.

  4. From community training to university training (and vice-versa: new sign language translator and interpreter profile in the brazilian context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Regina de Oliveira Martins

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to discuss the new profile of sign language translators/interpreters that is taking shape in Brazil since the implementation of policies stimulating the training of these professionals. We qualitatively analyzed answers to a semi-open questionary given by undergraduate students from a BA course in translation and interpretation in Brazilian sign language/Portuguese. Our results show that the ones to seek for this area are not, as it used to be, the ones who have some relation with the deaf community and/or need some kind of certification for their activity as a sign language interpreter. Actually, the students’ choice for the course in discussion had to do with their score in a unified profession selection system (SISU. This contrasts with the 1980, 1990, 2000 sign language interpreter’s profile. As Brazilian Sign Language has become more popular, people search for a university degree have started to see sign language translation/interpreting as an interesting option for their career. So, we discuss here the need to take into account the need to provide students who cannot sign with the necessary pedagogical means to learn the language, which will promote the accessibility of Brazilian deaf communities.

  5. On the mutual effects of pain and emotion: facial pain expressions enhance pain perception and vice versa are perceived as more arousing when feeling pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reicherts, Philipp; Gerdes, Antje B M; Pauli, Paul; Wieser, Matthias J

    2013-06-01

    Perception of emotional stimuli alters the perception of pain. Although facial expressions are powerful emotional cues - the expression of pain especially plays a crucial role for the experience and communication of pain - research on their influence on pain perception is scarce. In addition, the opposite effect of pain on the processing of emotion has been elucidated even less. To further scrutinize mutual influences of emotion and pain, 22 participants were administered painful and nonpainful thermal stimuli while watching dynamic facial expressions depicting joy, fear, pain, and a neutral expression. As a control condition of low visual complexity, a central fixation cross was presented. Participants rated the intensity of the thermal stimuli and evaluated valence and arousal of the facial expressions. In addition, facial electromyography was recorded as an index of emotion and pain perception. Results show that faces per se, compared to the low-level control condition, decreased pain, suggesting a general attention modulation of pain by complex (social) stimuli. The facial response to painful stimulation revealed a significant correlation with pain intensity ratings. Most important, painful thermal stimuli increased the arousal of simultaneously presented pain expressions, and in turn, pain expressions resulted in higher pain ratings compared to all other facial expressions. These findings demonstrate that the modulation of pain and emotion is bidirectional with pain faces being mostly prone to having mutual influences, and support the view of interconnections between pain and emotion. Furthermore, the special relevance of pain faces for the processing of pain was demonstrated. Copyright © 2013 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Importance of the Debye interaction in organic solutions: Henry's law constants for polar liquids in nonpolar solvents and vice versa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rytting, J.H.; McHan, D.R.; Higuchi, T.; Grant, D.J.W.

    1986-08-01

    Henry's law constants have been determined for ..gamma..-butyrolactone (BL), ethyl acetate (EA), and 2-methyl-3-pentanol (MEP) in mixtures of iso-octane (ISO) and toluene (TOL), for BL, EA, TOL, and ISO in cinnamaldehyde (CIN) and for TOL and ISO in each other and in BL. From these data and published vapor pressures, the activity coefficients at infinite dilution and the standard molar Gibbs free energy of transfer, ..delta..G/sub 2/..pi.. of the solutes from dilute solution in ISO to dilute solution in each solvent medium have been calculated. The different behavior patterns of BL and EA are attributed to differences in their abilities to exist in different conformations possessing different dipole moments. For polar solutes, ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ decreases with increasing polarizability of the solvent and with increasing dipole moment of the solute, suggesting increased contributions from dipole-induced dipole (Debye) interactions. The sigmoidal plot of ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ against the change in pair potential energy calculated from the classical expressions suggests that ..delta..G/sub 2//sup 0/ seriously underestimates the strength of the Debye interactions in comparison with the London interactions.

  7. Mechanoregulatory tumor-stroma crosstalk in pancreatic cancer: Measurements of the effects of extracellular matrix mechanics on tumor growth behavior, and vice-versa, to inform therapeutics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celli, Jonathan; Jones, Dustin; El-Hamidi, Hamid; Cramer, Gwendolyn; Hanna, William; Caide, Andrew; Jafari, Seyedehrojin

    The rheological properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) have been shown to play key roles in regulating tumor growth behavior through mechanotranduction pathways. The role of the mechanical microenvironment may be particularly important tumors of the pancreas, noted for an abundance of rigid fibrotic stroma, implicated in therapeutic resistance. At the same time, cancer cells and their stromal partners (e.g. tumor associated fibroblasts) continually alter the mechanical microenvironment in response to extracellular physical and biochemical cues as part of a two-way mechanoregulatory dialog. Here, we describe experimental studies using 3D pancreatic cell cultures with customized mechanical properties, combined with optical microrheology to provide insight into tumor-driven matrix remodeling. Quantitative microscopy provides measurements of phenotypic changes accompanying systematic variation of ECM composition in collagen and laminin-rich basement membrane admixtures, while analysis of the trajectories of passive tracer particles embedded in ECM report dynamic changes in heterogeneity, microstructure and local shear modulus accompanying both ECM stiffening (fibrosis) processes, and ECM degradation near invading cells. We gratefully acknowledge funding from the National Cancer Institute, R00CA155045 (PI: Celli).

  8. Treatment with infliximab (Remicade) when etanercept (Enbrel) has failed or vice versa: data from the STURE registry showing that switching tumour necrosis factor α blockers can make sense

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Vollenhoven, R; Harju, A; Brannemark, S; Klareskog, L

    2003-01-01

    Objective: When one TNFα blocker (etanercept or infliximab) has failed, to determine whether it makes sense to treat patients with the other. Patients and methods: Since 1999 patients treated with etanercept or infliximab have been systematically followed up at our institution in the STURE database. We identified 31 patients who had received both agents. Results: Eighteen patients received etanercept first; discontinuation was mostly due to lack of efficacy. DAS28 values had improved only slightly with etanercept, with a mean (SEM) best DAS28 value of 4.8 (0.6). After switching to infliximab, the mean best DAS28 was 3.6 (0.6)—significantly better than the previous result (p<0.05). Similarly, the mean best ACR-N during etanercept treatment was 17.2 (6.65) and during subsequent infliximab treatment 40.4 (10.6) (p = 0.08). Thirteen patients received infliximab first; discontinuation was mainly due to adverse events. The best DAS28 value achieved during etanercept was 3.6 (0.4) compared with 4.1 (0.4) for infliximab (p<0.05), but the change in DAS28 was not different and ACR-N were similar for infliximab and etanercept in this group. Conclusion: For patients with insufficient efficacy from etanercept, treatment with infliximab provided better results, suggesting that a trial of infliximab is reasonable for such patients. For patients who discontinued infliximab owing to adverse events, treatment with etanercept gave at least similar clinical efficacy. Taken together, these data provide support for a trial of the reciprocal TNFα blocker in patients when one such agent has failed. PMID:14644858

  9. Treatment with infliximab (Remicade) when etanercept (Enbrel) has failed or vice versa: data from the STURE registry showing that switching tumour necrosis factor alpha blockers can make sense.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Vollenhoven, R; Harju, A; Brannemark, S; Klareskog, L

    2003-12-01

    When one TNFalpha blocker (etanercept or infliximab) has failed, to determine whether it makes sense to treat patients with the other. Since 1999 patients treated with etanercept or infliximab have been systematically followed up at our institution in the STURE database. We identified 31 patients who had received both agents. Eighteen patients received etanercept first; discontinuation was mostly due to lack of efficacy. DAS28 values had improved only slightly with etanercept, with a mean (SEM) best DAS28 value of 4.8 (0.6). After switching to infliximab, the mean best DAS28 was 3.6 (0.6)-significantly better than the previous result (p<0.05). Similarly, the mean best ACR-N during etanercept treatment was 17.2 (6.65) and during subsequent infliximab treatment 40.4 (10.6) (p = 0.08). Thirteen patients received infliximab first; discontinuation was mainly due to adverse events. The best DAS28 value achieved during etanercept was 3.6 (0.4) compared with 4.1 (0.4) for infliximab (p<0.05), but the change in DAS28 was not different and ACR-N were similar for infliximab and etanercept in this group. For patients with insufficient efficacy from etanercept, treatment with infliximab provided better results, suggesting that a trial of infliximab is reasonable for such patients. For patients who discontinued infliximab owing to adverse events, treatment with etanercept gave at least similar clinical efficacy. Taken together, these data provide support for a trial of the reciprocal TNFalpha blocker in patients when one such agent has failed.

  10. ¿Qué aportan los estudios de felicidad al buen vivir, y viceversa? (What is the contribution of happiness studies in buen vivir, and vice versa?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Guardiola

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEn los últimos años, la ciencia se ha preocupado de estudiar la felicidad y sus causas. Sin embargo, en los estudios no se ha prestado demasiada atención a grupos de individuos que comparten una idea bastante personal sobre qué es el bienestar, que va más allá de la opinión occidental. El presente texto pretende analizar las posibles ventajas e inconvenientes, así como las limitaciones y aportaciones, que los estudios de felicidad pueden ocasionar en la comprensión del Buen Vivir de los pueblos indígenas latinoamericanos. También sacaremos conclusiones sobre qué puede aportar el Buen Vivir a los estudios de la felicidad.AbstractIn the last years, science has studied happiness and its causes. However, research has not given much attention to groups that share a particular view of happiness, that goes beyond the western idea. This paper aims to analyze the possible advantages and disadvantages, as well as limitations and contributions of happiness research in the comprehension of Buen Vivir of Latin American indigenous people. We also draw conclusions on the contribution of Buen Vivir in happiness studies.

  11. 25 CFR 226.25 - Gas well drilled by oil lessees and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the gas lessee does not, within 45 days after receiving notice and cost of drilling, elect to take over such well and reimburse the oil lessee the cost of drilling, including all damages paid and the... notice and cost of drilling, elect to take over the well, he/she must immediately notify the gas lessee...

  12. Effect van parodontale behandeling op reumatoïde artritis en vice versa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Smit, M J; Brouwer, E; Westra, J; Nesse, W; Vissink, A; van Winkelhoff, A J

    The pathogenesis of periodontitis and of rheumatoid arthritis show remarkable similarities. There is a distinct degree of co-existence between the 2 diseases. The prevalence of periodontitis is more pronounced in rheumatoid arthritis patients and the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis is more

  13. From Experience to Summit or Vice Versa? Netnography Study on a Virtual Community of Mountaineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Sabri; Argan, Metin; Yetim, Gözde

    2017-01-01

    Virtual communities have been a significant channel for people to share their feelings and experiences regarding a special issue. The combination of ethnography and the internet offers the opportunity for new methods of research that can potentially reach a broad audience in the online world. Thus, netnography, a combination of internet and…

  14. Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) from genome to protein function, and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsen, Odd A; Berven, Frode S; Bagstevold, June I; Larsen, Oivind; Jensen, Harald B

    2011-01-01

    The genome sequence of Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath), considered a model methylotroph, was published in 2004 [Ward, N., et al. (2004). Genomic insights into methanotrophy: the complete genome sequence of Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath). PLoS Biol.2, e303]. In the postgenomic era, the challenge is to determine the gene function, and to this end, genomics must be complemented with proteomic approaches. This chapter describes some experimental and computational approaches we have used and developed for the exploration of the genome and proteome of M. capsulatus (Bath). Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. What violent conflict tells us about media and place-making (and vice versa)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mollerup, Nina Grønlykke

    2018-01-01

    of the entanglements of people and things related to media, showing how media are emplaced in the phenomenological world in the same way that violence is. Doing so, the chapter sheds light on how media can contribute to opening up places to other places and thus influence movements of people and things in conflict.......The increasing mobility of media has in recent years led some scholars to argue for a decline in the significance of place in relation to media. This chapter argues for the importance of understanding media as vitally emplaced in the phenomenological world and it uses violent conflict to develop...... this point. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork with information activists and journalists during the Egyptian uprising, this chapter contests understandings of media as doubling or making place insignificant. Rather, it develops an understanding of media as place-making to allow for an analysis...

  16. Impact of B physics on model building and vice versa an example

    CERN Document Server

    Matias, J

    2003-01-01

    We motivate that the start-up of the B factories has opened a new precision flavour physics era, with an important effect on model building. Using as an example a left-right model with spontaneous CP violation, we will show how the inclusion of the new experimental data on B physics observables, together with the old observables coming from kaon physics, has significantly widened our capacity to strongly constrain the parameter space up to the point to exclude models. On the contrary, using certain hypotheses, mainly concerning isospin, we discuss how theory may help us to `test' the data on charged, neutral and mixed $B \\to \\pi K$ decays once experimental errors will be reduced.

  17. Extensions of Lorentzian spacetime geometry: from Finsler to Cartan and vice versa

    CERN Document Server

    Hohmann, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    We briefly review two recently developed extensions of the Lorentzian geometry of spacetime and prove that they are in fact closely related. The first is the concept of observer space, which generalizes the space of Lorentzian observers, i.e., future unit timelike vectors, using Cartan geometry. The second is the concept of Finsler spacetimes, which generalizes the Lorentzian metric of general relativity to an observer-dependent Finsler metric. We show that every Finsler spacetime possesses a well-defined observer space that can naturally be equipped with a Cartan geometry. Conversely, we derive conditions under which a Cartan geometry on observer space gives rise to a Finsler spacetime. We further show that these two constructions complement each other. We finally apply our constructions to two gravity theories, MacDowell-Mansouri gravity on observer space and Finsler gravity, and translate their actions from one geometry to the other.

  18. Looking at men and masculinities through Information and Communication Technologies, and Vice Versa

    OpenAIRE

    Hearn, Jeff; Hall, Matthew

    2017-01-01

    The lecture series that led to this paper, “Gender-Effects: How Women create Technology of Tomorrow”, has an explicit focus on women. However, in this article in keeping with a relational approach to gender, we focus on men and masculinities, seen within the context of and gender power relations, and the diverse interrelations of men and masculinities with information and communication technologies (ICTs). This includes addressing to some of the shortcomings of contemporary studies of men and...

  19. Prominence Patterns in a Second Language : Intonational Transfer From Dutch to Spanish and Vice Versa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Maastricht, Lieke; Krahmer, Emiel; Swerts, Marc

    2015-01-01

    This research describes the production of prosodic cues to mark information structure in Spanish and Dutch. It compares speech by native (L1) and second language (L2) speakers and investigates prosodic transfer from the L1 to the L2, L2 proficiency as a factor in transfer effects, and transfer from

  20. Learning Processes in a Work Organization: From Individual to Collective and/or Vice Versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehesvirta, Tuija

    2004-01-01

    The study investigates learning as knowledge-creation processes on individual and collective levels. The processes were examined in an ethnographic study, conducted in a metal industry company over a four-year period. The empirical study suggests that conflicts and crises experienced on individual level were some kind of incidental starting…

  1. Self-Organisation in Spatial Systems-From Fractal Chaos to Regular Patterns and Vice Versa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Banaszak

    Full Text Available This study offers a new perspective on the evolutionary patterns of cities or urban agglomerations. Such developments can range from chaotic to fully ordered. We demonstrate that in a dynamic space of interactive human behaviour cities produce a wealth of gravitational attractors whose size and shape depend on the resistance of space emerging inter alia from transport friction costs. This finding offers original insights into the complex evolution of spatial systems and appears to be consistent with the principles of central place theory known from the spatial sciences and geography. Our approach is dynamic in nature and forms a generalisation of hierarchical principles in geographic space.

  2. Self-Organisation in Spatial Systems-From Fractal Chaos to Regular Patterns and Vice Versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banaszak, Michal; Dziecielski, Michal; Nijkamp, Peter; Ratajczak, Waldemar

    2015-01-01

    This study offers a new perspective on the evolutionary patterns of cities or urban agglomerations. Such developments can range from chaotic to fully ordered. We demonstrate that in a dynamic space of interactive human behaviour cities produce a wealth of gravitational attractors whose size and shape depend on the resistance of space emerging inter alia from transport friction costs. This finding offers original insights into the complex evolution of spatial systems and appears to be consistent with the principles of central place theory known from the spatial sciences and geography. Our approach is dynamic in nature and forms a generalisation of hierarchical principles in geographic space.

  3. Sequential Ambidexterity in Practice : A Longitudinal study on shifts from exploration to exploitation and vice versa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Visser, Matthias; Faems, Dries; Visscher, Klaasjan; de Weerd-Nederhof, Petronella C.

    2017-01-01

    The poster shows highlights of a study aimed at providing in-depth insights into the dynamics of a growing organization’s exploration and exploitation levels, demonstrating how structural and individual factors change an organization’s exploration and exploitation over time. A fast-growing research

  4. RAN as a predictor of reading skills, and vice versa: results from a randomised reading intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Ulrika

    2014-07-01

    Although phonemic awareness is a well-known factor predicting early reading development, there is also evidence that Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) is an independent factor that contributes to early reading. The aim of this study is to examine phonemic awareness and RAN as predictors of reading speed, reading comprehension and spelling for children with reading difficulties. It also investigates a possible reciprocal relationship between RAN and reading skills, and the possibility of enhancing RAN by intervention. These issues are addressed by examining longitudinal data from a randomised reading intervention study carried out in Sweden for 9-year-old children with reading difficulties (N = 112). The intervention comprised three main elements: training of phonics, reading comprehension strategies and reading speed. The analysis of the data was carried out using structural equation modelling. The results demonstrated that after controlling for autoregressive effects and non-verbal IQ, RAN predicts reading speed whereas phonemic awareness predicts reading comprehension and spelling. RAN was significantly enhanced by training and a reciprocal relationship between reading speed and RAN was found. These findings contribute to support the view that both phonemic awareness and RAN independently influence early phases of reading, and that both are possible to enhance by training.

  5. Do foreign greenfields outperform foreign acquisitions or vice versa? An institutional perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slangen, A.H.L.; Hennart, J.-F.

    2008-01-01

    Prior studies of the comparative performance of greenfields and acquisitions have advanced competing arguments, with some arguing that greenfields should outperform acquisitions because acquisitions are costlier to integrate, and others that acquisitions should outperform greenfields because

  6. Polymeric and Lipid Membranes-From Spheres to Flat Membranes and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saveleva, Mariia S; Lengert, Ekaterina V; Gorin, Dmitry A; Parakhonskiy, Bogdan V; Skirtach, Andre G

    2017-08-15

    Membranes are important components in a number of systems, where separation and control of the flow of molecules is desirable. Controllable membranes represent an even more coveted and desirable entity and their development is considered to be the next step of development. Typically, membranes are considered on flat surfaces, but spherical capsules possess a perfect "infinite" or fully suspended membranes. Similarities and transitions between spherical and flat membranes are discussed, while applications of membranes are also emphasized.

  7. Polymeric and Lipid Membranes—From Spheres to Flat Membranes and vice versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saveleva, Mariia S.; Gorin, Dmitry A.; Skirtach, Andre G.

    2017-01-01

    Membranes are important components in a number of systems, where separation and control of the flow of molecules is desirable. Controllable membranes represent an even more coveted and desirable entity and their development is considered to be the next step of development. Typically, membranes are considered on flat surfaces, but spherical capsules possess a perfect “infinite” or fully suspended membranes. Similarities and transitions between spherical and flat membranes are discussed, while applications of membranes are also emphasized. PMID:28809796

  8. How Cultural Evolutionary Theory Can Inform Social Psychology and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesoudi, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Cultural evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary field in which human culture is viewed as a Darwinian process of variation, competition, and inheritance, and the tools, methods, and theories developed by evolutionary biologists to study genetic evolution are adapted to study cultural change. It is argued here that an integration of the…

  9. RAN as a Predictor of Reading Skills, and Vice Versa: Results from a Randomised Reading Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Ulrika

    2014-01-01

    Although phonemic awareness is a well-known factor predicting early reading development, there is also evidence that Rapid Automatized Naming (RAN) is an independent factor that contributes to early reading. The aim of this study is to examine phonemic awareness and RAN as predictors of reading speed, reading comprehension and spelling for…

  10. Developmental cognitive genetics: How psychology can inform genetics and vice versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Dorothy V. M.

    2006-01-01

    Developmental neuropsychology is concerned with uncovering the underlying basis of developmental disorders such as specific language impairment (SLI), developmental dyslexia, and autistic disorder. Twin and family studies indicate that genetic influences play an important part in the aetiology of all of these disorders, yet progress in identifying genes has been slow. One way forward is to cut loose from conventional clinical criteria for diagnosing disorders and to focus instead on measures of underlying cognitive mechanisms. Psychology can inform genetics by clarifying what the key dimensions are for heritable phenotypes. However, it is not a one-way street. By using genetically informative designs, one can gain insights about causal relationships between different cognitive deficits. For instance, it has been suggested that low-level auditory deficits cause phonological problems in SLI. However, a twin study showed that, although both types of deficit occur in SLI, they have quite different origins, with environmental factors more important for auditory deficit, and genes more important for deficient phonological short-term memory. Another study found that morphosyntactic deficits in SLI are also highly heritable, but have different genetic origins from impairments of phonological short-term memory. A genetic perspective shows that a search for the underlying cause of developmental disorders may be misguided, because they are complex and heterogeneous and are associated with multiple risk factors that only cause serious disability when they occur in combination. PMID:16769616

  11. Developmental cognitive genetics: how psychology can inform genetics and vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Dorothy V M

    2006-07-01

    Developmental neuropsychology is concerned with uncovering the underlying basis of developmental disorders such as specific language impairment (SLI), developmental dyslexia, and autistic disorder. Twin and family studies indicate that genetic influences play an important part in the aetiology of all of these disorders, yet progress in identifying genes has been slow. One way forward is to cut loose from conventional clinical criteria for diagnosing disorders and to focus instead on measures of underlying cognitive mechanisms. Psychology can inform genetics by clarifying what the key dimensions are for heritable phenotypes. However, it is not a one-way street. By using genetically informative designs, one can gain insights about causal relationships between different cognitive deficits. For instance, it has been suggested that low-level auditory deficits cause phonological problems in SLI. However, a twin study showed that, although both types of deficit occur in SLI, they have quite different origins, with environmental factors more important for auditory deficit, and genes more important for deficient phonological short-term memory. Another study found that morphosyntactic deficits in SLI are also highly heritable, but have different genetic origins from impairments of phonological short-term memory. A genetic perspective shows that a search for the underlying cause of developmental disorders may be misguided, because they are complex and heterogeneous and are associated with multiple risk factors that only cause serious disability when they occur in combination.

  12. ’When Poverty Comes in at the Door, Love Flies Out the Window’: The Influence of Eurozone Reforms Upon the Social Dimension of the EU – and Vice Versa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Ulla

    2016-01-01

    Th e economic crisis has brought the intriguing question of its eff ects on Social Europe sharply into focus. Th is contribution therefore goes to the heart of the puzzles and explores the mutual infl uence of Eurozone reforms and broader Union social policies with an additional focus on pointing...

  13. Fatness predicts decreased physical activity and increased sedentary time, but not vice versa: support from a longitudinal study in 8- to 11-year-old children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, M. F.; Chaput, J.-P.; Ritz, C.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To examine independent and combined cross-sectional associations between movement behaviors (physical activity (PA), sedentary time, sleep duration, screen time and sleep disturbance) and fat mass index (FMI), as well as to examine longitudinal associations between movement behaviors......, and an increase in sedentary time (Pless than or equal to0.001), even in normal-weight children (Pless than or equal to0.03). Conclusion: Total PA, MVPA and sleep duration were independently associated with FMI, and combined associations of movement behaviors showed a synergistic effect with FMI....... In the longitudinal study design, a high FMI at baseline was associated with lower PA and higher sedentary time after 200 days but not vice versa, even in normal-weight children. Our results suggest that adiposity is a better predictor of PA and sedentary behavior changes than the other way around....

  14. Lab work goes social, and vice versa: strategising public engagement processes : commentary on: "What happens in the lab does not stay in the lab: applying midstream modulation to enhance critical reflection in the laboratory".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynne, Brian

    2011-12-01

    Midstream modulation is a form of public engagement with science which benefits from strategic application of science and technology studies (STS) insights accumulated over nearly 20 years. These have been developed from STS researchers' involvement in practical engagement processes and research with scientists, science funders, policy and other public stakeholders. The strategic aim of this specific method, to develop what is termed second-order reflexivity amongst scientist-technologists, builds upon and advances earlier more general STS work. However this method is focused and structured so as to help generate such reflexivity-over the 'upstream' questions which have been identified in other STS research as important public issues for scientific research, development and innovation-amongst practising scientists-technologists in their specialist contexts (public or private, in principle). This is a different focus from virtually all such previous work, and offers novel opportunities for those key broader issues to be opened up. The further development of these promising results depends on some important conditions such as identifying and engaging research funders and other stakeholders like affected publics in similar exercises. Implementing these conditions could connect the productive impacts of midstream modulation with wider public engagement work, including with 'uninvited' public engagement with science. It would also generate broader institutional and political changes in the larger networks of institutional actors which constitute contemporary technoscientific innovation and governance processes. All of these various broader dimensions, far beyond the laboratory alone, need to be appropriately open, committed to democratic needs, and reflexive, for the aims of midstream modulation to be achieved, whilst allowing specialists to work as specialists.

  15. Do psychological factors help to reduce body mass in obesity or is it vice versa? Selected psychological aspects and effectiveness of the weight-loss program in the obese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Bąk-Sosnowska

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the strength and direction of the correlation between cognitive appraisal, emotional state, social functioning and the effectiveness of a weight-loss program undertaken by obese subjects. The out-patient weight-loss program encompassed 150 obese women. Assessments were carried out at four time points: at the start of the weight-loss program and then after a 5%, 10% and a 15% reduction of the initial body mass. The research tools used were: a survey, the Situation Appraisal Questionnaire (SAQ, the Emotional State Questionnaire (ESQ, and the Q-Sort Social Functioning Questionnaire. The cognitive appraisal, emotional state and social functioning of the study group changed significantly (P<0.001. Significantly more individuals with a 15% body mass reduction, as compared with individuals with no body mass reduction, had an early obesity onset, i.e. at the age of <10 years old (P<0.001. Significantly more individuals with no body mass reduction, compared with individuals with a 15% reduction, had a later obesity onset, i.e. between the ages of 20 and 30 (P<0.001 and between 50 and 60 (P<0.001. Significantly more individuals with a 15% body mass reduction, compared with individuals with no mass reduction, had previously experienced the jojo effect (P<0.001 and had successfully lost weight (P<0.001. Significantly more individuals with no body mass reduction, compared with individuals with a15% reduction, had a history of unsuccessful attempts at reducing body mass (P<0.001. We conclude that the attitude of obese patients towards a weight-loss program is not a deciding factor for its effectiveness. As body mass reduces, the attitude improves.

  16. Del campo a la ciudad y vice-versa: elementos para la historia del movimiento garífuna en honduras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Cuisset

    2014-08-01

    entender la evolución de la OFRANEH en las dos décadas siguientes a partir de sus dinámicas internas, de la agudización de la problemática territorial en las comunidades garífunas de la costa, de un cambio multicultural a nivel estatal y del surgimiento de un movimiento étnico a nivel nacional. Discutimos, por fin, las contradicciones del multiculturalismo neoliberal, y sus consecuencias en el movimiento indígena y garífuna, en cuanto a referentes identitarios, marcos ideológicos y estrategias políticas. Este estudio trata de sintetizar la información existente, integrando elementos de reflexión y aportes de un trabajo de campo en curso desde 2011. Palabras claves: Honduras; Garífuna; Movimiento negro; Movimiento indígena; Afrodescendiente --- From the countryside to the city and vice-versa: elements of the story of the Garifuna movement in Honduras This paper aims to address the history of the Garifuna struggle in Honduras, focusing on the foundation and further development of the Black Fraternal Organization of Honduras (OFRANEH, currently the Federation of Honduran Garifuna People. We begin with the formation of the first black organizations in North Coast's towns, from 1950 until the foundation of OFRANEH in the late 70s, against racism and the prevailing discrimination, and in connection with labor migration and the heyday of union activism. We attempt to understand the evolution of OFRANEH in the next two decades, starting from its internal dynamics, along with the intensification of territorial issues in the Garifuna communities of the coast, a multicultural transformation in the state and the appearance of a national ethnic movement. At last, we discuss the contradictions of neoliberal multiculturalism and its consequences for the indigenous and Garifuna movement, in relation to their identity references, their ideological frameworks and their political strategies. This study aims to synthesize existing information by integrating elements of

  17. Effects of different land use changes on SOC stocks: From Mediterranean forest to agricultural land and vice versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozano-García, Beatriz; Francaviglia, Rosa; Renzi, Gianluca; Doro, Luca; Parras-Alcántara, Luis; Ledda, Luigi; Concepción Benítez, M.

    2017-04-01

    During the past century there has been a general trend to alter ecosystems based on both the conversion from forest to agricultural land and the intensification of agriculture. The land use change (LUC) from forest to agricultural land is the origin of serious and direct soil problems, such as soil losses and degradation but there are other indirect problems as the decrease of soil carbon storage worldwide. Therefore, the deforestation involves an important loss of soil carbon, its emission to the atmosphere and a high contribution to the global warming. In addition, it is important to point out that due to the low yields and the high cost of modern tillage equipments, frequently the agricultural lands are abandoned, suffering a secondly LUC. This abandonment can exacerbate soil degradation, but in some cases gives the soil the opportunity to restore by revegetation (naturally in some cases, and induced in others). Thus, by reforestation/revegetation these soils can increase their capacity of storage soil organic carbon. To determine the effects both of deforestation and revegetation on SOC stock is highly important to consider the quantification of SOC stock in the hole profile, taking into account the surface layer and the subsurface horizons, since many research have shown the importance of the amount of C stored in depth and its significance in the role of soil as C sink. The main goal of this research was to assess the effect of a double LUC in the SOC stocks along the soil entire profile. After LUC from the agroforestry system to agricultural lands there were different situations. The first one in which the SOC stock did not suffer changes (when the land use was hay crop and pasture). There was no change in SOC stock both in the surface layer and in the subsurface. However, when the LUC was toward vineyards, both tilled and no tilled vineyards, the SOC stock decreased considerably in the topsoil. In the second land use change considered, derived from the

  18. 50 Years of NOAA N. Hemisphere Snow Cover Analysis: Impact on NOAA NWP Forecasts and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, K.; Helfrich, S.; Ramsay, B. H.; Baldwin, T.; Robinson, D. A.; Ek, M. B.; Zheng, W.; Dong, J.; Shimomura, D.

    2016-12-01

    This year 2016 marks the 50-year anniversary of the operational production of the NOAA Northern Hemisphere (NH) snow cover analysis. This presentation reviews how the need for information about NH snow cover in NOAA's numerical weather prediction (NWP) models motivated both 1) the initial production of the NH snow cover analysis and 2) evolutionary improvements in the spatial and temporal resolution of the analysis. NOAA began routine production of the NH snow cover analysis in 1966, then using only visible imagery from NOAA polar orbiting satellites, and later also applying time-lapse loops of visible imagery from geostationary satellites. From 1966 through 1997, this analysis was produced weekly on a 190-km grid spanning the Northern Hemisphere. The production of this analysis was carried out from the 1980's (or earlier) until 1997 by the NOAA NESDIS Satellite Analysis Branch (SAB). We review results from a key 1993 study by the National Meteorological Center (NMC, later named NCEP) that motivated the evolutionary advancement of the NH snow cover analysis from a weekly 190-km analysis to a daily, high resolution 4-km analysis in 1997. A hallmark of the new daily analysis was the use of additional satellite sources of snow cover information (such as automated retrievals of snow cover from polar orbiting microwave instruments), which spurred giving the analysis the new name of Interactive Multi-Sensor Snow (IMS). The introduction of the IMS coincided with the move of the operational production of the NH snow cover analysis from NESDIS/SAB to the joint Navy-NOAA National Ice Center (NIC) in Suitland, MD. Separate presentations in this session will focus on A) the advancements in the daily IMS analysis since 1997 and future plans for IMS improvements and B) use of the 50-year archive of the NOAA NH snow cover analysis as a Climate Date Record (CDR). We present a recent example of an NCEP Global Forecast System (GFS) forecast from 16 February 2015 illustrating how

  19. E-Scooters - Research encourages market development and vice versa; E-Scooters: Forschung belebt Marktentwicklung - und umgekehrt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwegler, U.

    2008-07-01

    This presentation made at the Swiss 2008 research conference on traffic by Urs Schwegler from the Swiss NewRide programme takes a look at the development of the market for electrically-driven bicycles and scooters and the market hindrances encountered. Various models including scooters, cross-country bikes and the novel Segway transporter are introduced and their advantages from the ecological point of view are examined. The E-Scooter programme is introduced and concepts for battery-charging stations are discussed. The results of test-days at various locations in Switzerland are examined. Four Action Programmes are introduced. The various actors involved and market development aspects are discussed, as are reliability, charging, promotional measures as well as energy and environmental aspects.

  20. Oil Dependence, Climate Change and Energy Security: Will Constraints on Oil Shape our Climate Future or Vice Versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mignone, B. K.

    2008-12-01

    Threats to US and global energy security take several forms. First, the overwhelming dependence on oil in the transport sector leaves the US economy (and others) vulnerable to supply shocks and price volatility. Secondly, the global dependence on oil inflates prices and enhances the transfer of wealth to authoritarian regimes. Finally, the global reliance on fossil fuels more generally jeopardizes the stability of the climate system. These three threats - economic, strategic and environmental - can only be mitigated through a gradual substitution away from fossil fuels (both coal and oil) on a global scale. Such large-scale substitution could occur in response to potential resource constraints or in response to coordinated government policies in which these externalities are explicitly internalized. Here, I make use of a well-known integrated assessment model (MERGE) to examine both possibilities. When resource limits are considered alone, global fuel use tends to shift toward even more carbon-intensive resources, like oil shale or liquids derived from coal. On the other hand, when explicit carbon constraints are imposed, the fuel sector response is more complex. Generally, less stringent climate targets can be satisfied entirely through reductions in global coal consumption, while more stringent targets require simultaneous reductions in both coal and oil consumption. Taken together, these model results suggest that resource constraints alone will only exacerbate the climate problem, while a subset of policy-driven carbon constraints may yield tangible security benefits (in the form of reduced global oil consumption) in addition to the intended environmental outcome.

  1. How to calculate an MMSE score from a MODA score (and vice versa) in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cazzaniga, R; Francescani, A; Saetti, C; Spinnler, H

    2003-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to provide a statistically sound way of reciprocally converting scores of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and the Milan overall dementia assessment (MODA). A consecutive series of 182 patients with "probable" Alzheimer's disease patients was examined with both tests. MODA and MMSE scores proved to be highly correlated. A formula for converting MODA and MMSE scores was generated.

  2. Impact of energy trading on O and M and vice versa; Wechselwirkung zwischen Energiehandel und O and M

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zauner, Rudolf [VERBUND Renewable Power GmbH, Wien (Austria)

    2013-11-01

    Wind energy is growing up, and in more and more markets is being traded the same as any other energy source. This imposes a number of challenges on the wind turbine operators. However, a comparison of various European countries shows that this is the way forward: a market-oriented subsidiary system is set to replace the inflexible feed-in tariffs. To trade wind energy, wind must be forecast as accurately as possible a day in advance in an at least hourly resolution. This leads to a decrease in balancing energy costs and plays a key role in bringing wind energy closer to the market. (orig.)

  3. Asymmetrical transfer effects of cognitive bias modification: Modifying attention to threat influences interpretation of emotional ambiguity, but not vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowler, J O; Hoppitt, L; Illingworth, J; Dalgleish, T; Ononaiye, M; Perez-Olivas, G; Mackintosh, B

    2017-03-01

    It is well established that attention bias and interpretation bias each have a key role in the development and continuation of anxiety. How the biases may interact with one another in anxiety is, however, poorly understood. Using cognitive bias modification techniques, the present study examined whether training a more positive interpretation bias or attention bias resulted in transfer of effects to the untrained cognitive domain. Differences in anxiety reactivity to a real-world stressor were also assessed. Ninety-seven first year undergraduates who had self-reported anxiety were allocated to one of four groups: attention bias training (n = 24), interpretation bias training (n = 26), control task training (n = 25) and no training (n = 22). Training was computer-based and comprised eight sessions over four weeks. Baseline and follow-up measures of attention and interpretation bias, anxiety and depression were taken. A significant reduction in threat-related attention bias and an increase in positive interpretation bias occurred in the attention bias training group. The interpretation bias training group did not exhibit a significant change in attention bias, only interpretation bias. The effect of attention bias training on interpretation bias was significant as compared with the two control groups. There were no effects on self-report measures. The extent to which interpretive training can modify attentional processing remains unclear. Findings support the idea that attentional training might have broad cognitive consequences, impacting downstream on interpretive bias. However, they do not fully support a common mechanism hypothesis, as interpretive training did not impact on attentional bias. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  4. Do sensitive parents foster kind children, or vice versa? Bidirectional influences between children's prosocial behavior and parental sensitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Emily K; Laible, Deborah; Carlo, Gustavo; Steele, Joel S; McGinley, Meredith

    2014-06-01

    Bidirectional theories of social development have been around for over 40 years (Bell, 1968), yet they have been applied primarily to the study of antisocial development. In the present study, the reciprocal relationship between parenting behavior and children's socially competent behaviors were examined. Using the National Institute of Child Health and Development Study of Early Child Care data set (NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005), bidirectional relationships between parental sensitivity and children's prosocial behavior were modeled using latent variables in structural equation modeling for mothers and fathers, separately. Children and their parents engaged in structured interactions when children were 54-month-olds, 3rd graders, and 5th graders, and these interactions were coded for parental sensitivity. At 3rd, 5th, and 6th grades, teachers and parents reported on children's prosocial behavior. Parental education and child gender were entered as covariates in the models. The results provide support for a bidirectional relationship between children's prosocial behavior and maternal sensitivity (but not paternal sensitivity) in middle childhood. The importance of using a bidirectional approach to examine the development of social competence is emphasized. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  5. Does stress influence sleep patterns, food intake, weight gain, abdominal obesity and weight loss interventions and vice versa?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geiker, N R W; Astrup, A; Hjorth, M F; Sjödin, A; Pijls, L; Markus, C Rob

    2018-01-01

    Decades of research have reported only weak associations between the intakes of specific foods or drinks and weight gain and obesity. Randomized controlled dietary intervention trials have only shown very modest effects of changes in nutrient intake and diet composition on body weight in obese subjects. This review summarizes the scientific evidence on the role mental stress (either in or not in association with impaired sleep) may play in poor sleep, enhanced appetite, cravings and decreased motivation for physical activity. All these factors contribute to weight gain and obesity, possibly via decreasing the efficacy of weight loss interventions. We also review evidence for the role that lifestyle and stress management may play in achieving weight loss in stress-vulnerable individuals with overweight. © 2017 World Obesity Federation.

  6. Sleep quality predicts positive and negative affect but not vice versa. An electronic diary study in depressed and healthy individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouwmans, Mara E J; Bos, Elisabeth H; Hoenders, H J Rogier; Oldehinkel, Albertine J; de Jonge, Peter

    2017-01-01

    The exact nature of the complex relationship between sleep and affect has remained unclear. This study investigated the temporal order of change in sleep and affect in participants with and without depression. 27 depressed patients and 27 pair-matched healthy controls assessed their sleep in the morning and their affect 3 times a day for 30 consecutive days in their natural environment. Daily sleep quality and average positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) were used to examine whether changes in sleep quality preceded or followed changes in PA and NA, and whether this was different for patients and healthy controls. Second, presumptive mediating factors were investigated. We hypothesized that fatigue mediated the effect of changes in sleep quality on subsequent PA/NA, and that rumination mediated the effect of changes in PA/NA on subsequent sleep quality. Multilevel models showed that changes in sleep quality predicted changes in PA (B=0.08, psleep quality and PA (Indirect Effect=0.03, psleep quality and NA (Indirect Effect=-0.02, p=0.01). Rumination was not investigated because of non-significant associations between PA/NA and sleep quality. The associations were not different for patients and controls. The analyses were restricted to self-reported sleep quality, and conclusions about causality could not be drawn. Improvements in sleep quality predicted improvements in affect the following day, partly mediated by fatigue. Treatment of sleep symptoms would benefit affect in clinical care and beyond. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Does stress influence sleep patterns, food intake, weight gain, abdominal obesity and weight loss interventions and vice versa?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geiker, Nina Rica Wium; Astrup, Arne; Hjorth, Mads Fiil

    2018-01-01

    Decades of research have reported only weak associations between the intakes of specific foods or drinks and weight gain and obesity. Randomized controlled dietary intervention trials have only shown very modest effects of changes in nutrient intake and diet composition on body weight in obese...... subjects. This review summarizes the scientific evidence on the role mental stress (either in or not in association with impaired sleep) may play in poor sleep, enhanced appetite, cravings and decreased motivation for physical activity. All these factors contribute to weight gain and obesity, possibly via...

  8. Examining Sexual Assault Victimization and Loneliness as Risk Factors Associated With Nonlethal Self-Harm Behaviors in Female College Students: Is It Important to Control for Concomitant Suicidal Behaviors (and Vice Versa)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Edward C; Lee, Jerin; Wright, Kaitlin M; Najarian, Alexandria S-M; Yu, Tina; Chang, Olivia D; Hirsch, Jameson K

    2016-10-01

    The present study examined sexual assault victimization and loneliness as predictors of self-harm behaviors in a sample of 224 female college students. Results from conducting regression analysis indicated that both sexual assault victimization and loneliness were unique and significant predictors of self-harm behaviors. This pattern remained even after controlling for concomitant suicidal behaviors. Interestingly, in a post hoc analysis predicting suicidal behaviors, it was found that loneliness, but not sexual assault victimization, was the only unique and significant predictor after controlling for self-harm behaviors. Some implications of the present findings for understanding self-harm behaviors in female college students and the importance of controlling for suicidal behaviors in studies of self-harm behaviors (and vice versa) are discussed.

  9. CERN welcomes the Spanish Vice-President

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2015-01-01

    On 29 September, CERN had the pleasure of welcoming the Vice-President of the Government of Spain, Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría, for a visit of the Laboratory.   From left to right: Lluis Miralles (Head of the General Infrastructure Services department), Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría (Vice-President of the Government of Spain) and José Miguel Jiménez (Head of the Technology department).   The Vice-President was accompanied by Carmen Vela, Spanish Secretary of State for Research, Development and Innovation, Bernardo de Sicart Escoda, Ambassador of Spain to Switzerland, and Ana Menéndez Pérez, Permanent Representative of Spain to the United Nations and International Organizations in Geneva. Their tour started at LHC Point 1, where CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer welcomed them and gave them an introduction to CERN's activities. Jos&ea...

  10. The Vices of Economists; The Virtues of the Bourgeoisie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCloskey, Deirdre N.

    1997-01-01

    The 'vices' are three bad habits into which economists have fallen over the past fifty years: bad statistics, bad theory, and bad applications of statistics and theory to public affairs. This book details the vices, tracing them to the influence of three giants of the 1940s and 1950s in economics,

  11. LETTER IN THE DIVANS BY ALİ ŞÎR NEVÂYÎ: FROM THE LOVER TO THE BELOVED AND VICE VERSA ALİ ŞÎR NEVÂYÎ’NİN DİVANLARINDA MEKTUPLAŞMA: ÂŞIKTAN SEVGİLİYE, SEVGİLİDEN ÂŞIĞA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tülay GENÇTÜRK DEMİRCİOĞLU

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Concerning the relationships between the lover and the beloved in classical Turkish literature, one of the indications of falling in love is the lover’s communication with the beloved by letter. This paper examines how Ali Şîr Nevâyî, a well-known Chagatai poet who had a remarkable influence on classical Turkish literature, exercised the letter metaphor by focusing on his four divans: Garâibü’s-sıgar, Nevâdirü’ş-şebâb, Bedâyiü’l-vasat. The main argument of the present paper is that the letter metaphore was extremely used in the divans by Nevâyî in comparison to Ottoman poets of classical literature, and that this is due to utmost importance Nevâyî gives to composing yek-ahenk gazals. Klasik Türk edebiyatının aşk-âşık-maşuk üçgeninde âşıklığın göstergelerinden biri de sevgili ve âşığın mektuplaşmasıdır. Bu makalede klasik Türk edebiyatında etkisi büyük olan Çağatay şairi Ali Şîr Nevâyî’nin dört divanı Garâibü’s-sıgâr, Nevâdirü’ş-şebâb, Bedâyiü’l-vasat ve Fevâyidü’l-kiber taranmış, şiirlerinde mektup kavramı bütün yönleriyle; vasıfları, çeşitleri, ilgili teşbihler ve mektuplaşma geleneği incelenmiştir. Makale, bu kavramın Nevâyî’nin divanlarında Anadolu sahasındaki Türk şairlerine kıyasla daha geniş yer bulduğunu, bunun nedeninin de şairin yek-ahenk gazel yazmaya verdiği önemden kaynaklandığını ileri sürmektedir.

  12. Executive Assistant to the Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Job Summary Under the direction of the Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications, and reporting to the Senior Corporate Strategy and Communications Advisor, the Executive Assistant provides secretarial and administrative support to the OVP-CSC, and in particular to the Vice-President; performing a ...

  13. Australian Higher Education Leaders in Times of Change: The Role of Pro Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Geoff; Bell, Sharon; Coates, Hamish; Grebennikov, Leonid

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses responses provided by 31 Pro Vice-Chancellors (PVCs) and Deputy Vice-Chancellors (DVCs) who were part of a larger study of more than 500 higher education leaders in roles ranging from DVC to head of programme in 20 Australian universities. Using both quantitative and qualitative data the paper gives an insider's perspective on…

  14. From BoP to ToP and vice versa daily practices in settings with limited resources to inspire designers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ibragimova, E.; van Boeijen, A.G.C.

    2014-01-01

    This paper reviews the methods and practices that reflect subconscious behaviours of people in daily lives. Cases, studied for this paper, show how practices of people living in poor settings, who are members of the base of the economic pyramid, contribute to designers, belonging to the top of the

  15. Do Sensitive Parents Foster Kind Children, or Vice Versa? Bidirectional Influences between Children's Prosocial Behavior and Parental Sensitivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Emily K.; Laible, Deborah; Carlo, Gustavo; Steele, Joel S.; McGinley, Meredith

    2014-01-01

    Bidirectional theories of social development have been around for over 40 years (Bell, 1968), yet they have been applied primarily to the study of antisocial development. In the present study, the reciprocal relationship between parenting behavior and children's socially competent behaviors were examined. Using the National Institute of Child…

  16. Aligning Existing USG RDD&D Funding Objectives with those of an Emerging Marine Based CCUS Industrial Sector...or...Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, M.

    2016-12-01

    This article surveys USG laws, and other RDD&D funding mandate frameworks, which are related to biotic and/or abiotic Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration (CCUS) RDD&D. Prominent among the laws and other frameworks reviewed are: The Integrated Coastal and Ocean Observation Systems (ICOOS) Act of 2009, Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring (FOARAM) Act of 2009, Section 7406 of the Food, Conservation, and Energy (FCEA) Act of 2008 The National Oceanographic Partnership Act of 1997, and The National Ocean Plan This paper further explores the potential to significantly expand the USGs' related CCUS RDD&D funding potential through expanding the scope of the core CCUS technologies and/or markets definition(s) to include non-CCUS yet highly supportive marine based technologies and/or markets such as marine hyperloops and 'Blue' biochar/fertilizer respectively.

  17. Effect of a prior force-velocity test performed with legs on subsequent peak power output measured with arms or vice versa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouhlel, Ezzedine; Chelly, Mohamed Souhaiel; Gmada, Nebil; Tabka, Zouhair; Shephard, Roy

    2010-04-01

    The aim of this study was to examine whether measurement of peak anaerobic power (Wpeak) by force-velocity test using the arms or the legs influenced the performance obtained when the opposite muscle group was tested. Ten trained male throwers (age: 20.6 +/- 2; stature: 1.82 +/- 0.06 m; and body mass: 85.5 +/- 17.2 kg) performed, on separate days, 2 Monark cycle-ergometer protocols comprising (a) arm cranking (A1) followed by a leg cycling (L2) force-velocity test (series A-L) and (b) a leg cycling (L1) followed by an arm cranking (A2) force-velocity test (series L-A). On each day, 8 minutes of seated rest separated the 2 force-velocity tests. Arterialized capillary blood was collected from the finger tips for blood lactate analysis at rest and at the end of each force-velocity test. Wpeak-A1 and Wpeak-A2 were similar (8.1 +/- 1.7 and 8.6 +/- 1.5 W.kg, respectively). Wpeak-L1 and Wpeak-L2 were 14.0 +/- 3 and 13.4 +/- 2.8 W.kg (NS). Blood [La] increased significantly after each force-velocity test (p < 0.001), but peak blood [La] did not differ significantly between L1 (6.6 +/- 1.2) and L2 (6.2 +/- 1.4 mmol.L) or between A1 (7.2 +/- 1.0) and A2 (7.4 +/- 1.6 mmol.L). In this population, force-velocity tests performed using the legs or the arms did not induce a significant decrease in force-velocity determinations of peak anaerobic power performed subsequently with the opposite muscle group. In strength-trained athletes, the force-velocity approach can thus be used to measure the peak power output of both the legs and the arms in a single laboratory session, without adversely affecting estimates of an athlete's performance.

  18. Tree species identity in high-latitude forests determines fire spread through fuel ladders from branches to soil and vice versa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blauw, Luke G.; van Logtestijn, Richard S.P.; Broekman, R.A.; Aerts, Rien; Cornelissen, J. Hans C.

    2017-01-01

    Peat fires in boreal and tundra regions can potentially cause a high CO2 release, because of their large soil carbon stocks. Under current and future climate warming the frequency and intensity of droughts are increasing and will cause the plant community and organic soil to become more susceptible

  19. Water-Borne Cues of a Non-Indigenous Seaweed Mediate Grazer-Deterrent Responses in Native Seaweeds, but Not Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Hee Young; Engelen, Aschwin H.; Santos, Rui O.; Molis, Markus

    2012-01-01

    Plants optimise their resistance to herbivores by regulating deterrent responses on demand. Induction of anti-herbivory defences can occur directly in grazed plants or from emission of risk cues to the environment, which modifies interactions of adjacent plants with, for instance, their consumers. This study confirmed the induction of anti-herbivory responses by water-borne risk cues between adjoining con-specific seaweeds and firstly examined whether plant-plant signalling also exists among adjacent hetero-specific seaweeds. Furthermore, differential abilities and geographic variation in plant-plant signalling by a non-indigenous seaweed as well as native seaweeds were assessed. Twelve-day induction experiments using the non-indigenous seaweed Sargassum muticum were conducted in the laboratory in Portugal and Germany with one local con-familiar (Portugal: Cystoseira humilis, Germany: Halidrys siliquosa) and hetero-familiar native species (Portugal: Fucus spiralis, Germany: F. vesiculosus). All seaweeds were grazed by a local isopod species (Portugal: Stenosoma nadejda, Germany: Idotea baltica) and were positioned upstream of con- and hetero-specific seaweeds. Grazing-induced modification in seaweed traits were tested in three-day feeding assays between cue-exposed and cue-free ( = control) pieces of both fresh and reconstituted seaweeds. Both Fucus species reduced their palatability when positioned downstream of isopod-grazed con-specifics. Yet, the palatability of non-indigenous S. muticum remained constant in the presence of upstream grazed con-specifics and native hetero-specifics. In contrast, both con-familiar (but neither hetero-familiar) native species reduced palatability when located downstream of grazed S. muticum. Similar patterns of grazer-deterrent responses to water-borne cues were observed on both European shores, and were almost identical between assays using fresh and reconstituted seaweeds. Hence, seaweeds may use plant-plant signalling to

  20. Water-borne cues of a non-indigenous seaweed mediate grazer-deterrent responses in native seaweeds, but not vice versa.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Young Yun

    Full Text Available Plants optimise their resistance to herbivores by regulating deterrent responses on demand. Induction of anti-herbivory defences can occur directly in grazed plants or from emission of risk cues to the environment, which modifies interactions of adjacent plants with, for instance, their consumers. This study confirmed the induction of anti-herbivory responses by water-borne risk cues between adjoining con-specific seaweeds and firstly examined whether plant-plant signalling also exists among adjacent hetero-specific seaweeds. Furthermore, differential abilities and geographic variation in plant-plant signalling by a non-indigenous seaweed as well as native seaweeds were assessed. Twelve-day induction experiments using the non-indigenous seaweed Sargassum muticum were conducted in the laboratory in Portugal and Germany with one local con-familiar (Portugal: Cystoseira humilis, Germany: Halidrys siliquosa and hetero-familiar native species (Portugal: Fucus spiralis, Germany: F. vesiculosus. All seaweeds were grazed by a local isopod species (Portugal: Stenosoma nadejda, Germany: Idotea baltica and were positioned upstream of con- and hetero-specific seaweeds. Grazing-induced modification in seaweed traits were tested in three-day feeding assays between cue-exposed and cue-free ( = control pieces of both fresh and reconstituted seaweeds. Both Fucus species reduced their palatability when positioned downstream of isopod-grazed con-specifics. Yet, the palatability of non-indigenous S. muticum remained constant in the presence of upstream grazed con-specifics and native hetero-specifics. In contrast, both con-familiar (but neither hetero-familiar native species reduced palatability when located downstream of grazed S. muticum. Similar patterns of grazer-deterrent responses to water-borne cues were observed on both European shores, and were almost identical between assays using fresh and reconstituted seaweeds. Hence, seaweeds may use plant

  1. Switch of Intravitreal Therapy for Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion from Anti-VEGF to Dexamethasone Implant and Vice Versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelie Pielen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the anatomical and functional outcome of intravitreal dexamethasone implant for macular edema secondary to central (C or branch (B retinal vein occlusion (RVO in patients with persistent macular edema (ME refractory to intravitreal antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF treatment compared to treatment naïve patients and to dexamethasone-refractory eyes switched to anti-VEGF. Methods. Retrospective, observational study including 30 eyes previously treated with anti-VEGF (8 CRVO, 22 BRVO, mean age 69 ± 10 yrs, compared to 11 treatment naïve eyes (6 CRVO, 5 BRVO, 73 ± 11 yrs and compared to dexamethasone nonresponders (2 CRVO, 4 BRVO, 69 ± 12. Outcome parameters were change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA and central foveal thickness (CFT measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Results. Mean BCVA improvement after switch to dexamethasone implant was 4 letters (p=0.08, and treatment naïve eyes gained 10 letters (p=0.66, while we noted no change in eyes after switch to anti-VEGF (p=0.74. Median CFT decrease was most pronounced in treatment naïve patients (−437 μm, p=0.002 compared to anti-VEGF refractory eyes (−170 μm, p=0.003 and dexamethasone-refractory eyes (−157, p=0.31. Conclusions. Dexamethasone significantly reduced ME secondary to RVO refractory to anti-VEGF. Functional gain was limited compared to treatment naïve eyes, probably due to worse BCVA and CFT at baseline in treatment naïve eyes.

  2. ASPIRING VICE-CHANCELLORS' RHETORIC AND THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between thoughts or concepts and things), we take a discourse approach which treats language as opaque by engaging in an analysis of both the linguistic practices and the language of enquiry itself. Against this backdrop, we try to deconstruct the meaning of the rhetorical garbs of the campaign discourse of the aspirants ...

  3. Vice's Vicious Virtues: The Supererogatory as Obligatory | Mills ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... both in its enduring socio-economic structures and in its citizens' typical moral psychologies. Vice's conclusion is that shame is the moral emotion most appropriate for whites unable to free themselves from white privilege and live up to what she sees as the required standards of moral excellence. In response, I argue that ...

  4. Management and the Academic Vice President in the Christian, Liberal Arts College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oosting, Kenneth W.

    The role of nine academic vice presidents in managing Christian, liberal arts colleges was assessed, as part of research conducted at Christian or church-related liberal arts colleges that were identified as being well managed by one or more persons. Data collected on the academic vice presidents provided the following profile: the average age was…

  5. A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Working Relationship between School Principals and Vice-Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Ping-Man

    2009-01-01

    Vice-principals' role and their relationship with principals are of paramount importance in shaping the effectiveness of school management, particularly after the implementation of school-based management (SBM) worldwide. This paper reports primarily on prior studies on the vice-principalship and suggests a framework to help explain the different…

  6. Randomized, Noncomparative, Phase II Trial of Early Switch From Docetaxel to Cabazitaxel or Vice Versa, With Integrated Biomarker Analysis, in Men With Chemotherapy-Naïve, Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonarakis, Emmanuel S; Tagawa, Scott T; Galletti, Giuseppe; Worroll, Daniel; Ballman, Karla; Vanhuyse, Marie; Sonpavde, Guru; North, Scott; Albany, Costantine; Tsao, Che-Kai; Stewart, John; Zaher, Atef; Szatrowski, Ted; Zhou, Wei; Gjyrezi, Ada; Tasaki, Shinsuke; Portella, Luigi; Bai, Yang; Lannin, Timothy B; Suri, Shalu; Gruber, Conor N; Pratt, Erica D; Kirby, Brian J; Eisenberger, Mario A; Nanus, David M; Saad, Fred; Giannakakou, Paraskevi

    2017-10-01

    Purpose The TAXYNERGY trial ( ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01718353) evaluated clinical benefit from early taxane switch and circulating tumor cell (CTC) biomarkers to interrogate mechanisms of sensitivity or resistance to taxanes in men with chemotherapy-naïve, metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to docetaxel or cabazitaxel. Men who did not achieve ≥ 30% prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline by cycle 4 (C4) switched taxane. The primary clinical endpoint was confirmed ≥ 50% PSA decline versus historical control (TAX327). The primary biomarker endpoint was analysis of post-treatment CTCs to confirm the hypothesis that clinical response was associated with taxane drug-target engagement, evidenced by decreased percent androgen receptor nuclear localization (%ARNL) and increased microtubule bundling. Results Sixty-three patients were randomly assigned to docetaxel (n = 41) or cabazitaxel (n = 22); 44.4% received prior potent androgen receptor-targeted therapy. Overall, 35 patients (55.6%) had confirmed ≥ 50% PSA responses, exceeding the historical control rate of 45.4% (TAX327). Of 61 treated patients, 33 (54.1%) had ≥ 30% PSA declines by C4 and did not switch taxane, 15 patients (24.6%) who did not achieve ≥ 30% PSA declines by C4 switched taxane, and 13 patients (21.3%) discontinued therapy before or at C4. Of patients switching taxane, 46.7% subsequently achieved ≥ 50% PSA decrease. In 26 CTC-evaluable patients, taxane-induced decrease in %ARNL (cycle 1 day 1 v cycle 1 day 8) was associated with a higher rate of ≥ 50% PSA decrease at C4 ( P = .009). Median composite progression-free survival was 9.1 months (95% CI, 4.9 to 11.7 months); median overall survival was not reached at 14 months. Common grade 3 or 4 adverse events included fatigue (13.1%) and febrile neutropenia (11.5%). Conclusion The early taxane switch strategy was associated with improved PSA response rates

  7. SU-E-T-74: Commissioning of the Elekta VersaHD Linear Accelerator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Y; Ding, K; Hobbs, R; McNutt, T; Wang, K [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); Liang, X; Zhu, T [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: To present the commissioning process of recently-released Elekta VersaHD linear accelerator, equipped with Agility 160-leaf multileaf collimator and flattening-filter free (FFF) photon modes. Methods: In addition to routine QA procedures, we adopted an EPID-based method to perform the table rotation and Winston-Lutz tests, and a novel multiradiation isocenter alignment check. The beam data acquired include photon percent-depth dose (PDD) of 6X, 6XFFF, 10X, 10XFFF, and 15X in the field size from 2×2 to 40×40cm{sup 2}, profiles, collimator and phantom scatter factors (Sc and Sp), wedge factor, electron (6, 9, 12, and 15MeV) PDD and profiles, cone and cutout factors, and virtual SSD. Validation measurements were carried out in water tank to evaluate the accuracy of beam modeling by the Pinnacle planning system. End-to-End test and IMRT QA were performed to validate the overall delivery accuracy. A theoretical model has also been used to extract the primary dose ratio and off-axis beam softening effects by fitting photon beam profile measurements. Results: The PDDs of FFF beams with field size 10×10cm{sup 2} at 10cm depth, 100cm SSD were intentionally adjusted within 1% of the non-FFF beams. The photon profiles of 30×30cm{sup 2} at 10cm depth between non-FFF and FFF beams are very different, OAR(10)=0.74 and 0.63, respectively, for 6XFFF and 10XFFF. The collimator and phantom scatter factors of FFF beam demonstrated smaller variation with field sizes. The EPID-based method demonstrated the maximum deviation between the table rotation axis and radiation isocenter is within 1mm, and the radiation isocenters are within 0.4mm relative to that of 6X. The validation measurement shows less than 2% deviation between the measurement and Pinnacle modeling for most of the test conditions. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study reporting the Elekta VersaHD commissioning experience, which can be a valuable reference for the radiotherapy

  8. Aquinas on the Dangers of Natural Virtue and the Control of Natural Vice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie I. George

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available I investigate Aquinas’s position that natural virtue can pose dangers to living a moral life, dangers that include natural virtue’s inflexibility to circumstance, the opposing vices it may breed if blindly followed, and its aptitude for deceiving people into thinking they are genuinely virtuous. I also consider whether Aquinas regards these problems as remediable given that he sees natural virtue and natural vice as instances of nature being determined to one. He maintains that we can overcome the moral pitfalls that natural virtue and natural vice pose, though perfect mastery is not possible without divine intervention, insofar as our bodily disposition is not directly subject to reason.

  9. The Academic Role of the Vice President for Health Sciences: Can a Walrus Become a Unicorn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellegrino, Edmund D.

    1975-01-01

    The Vice President for Health Sciences is a term used for the chief administrative officer of a multi-unit health science component of a university. This essay reviews this job, and the transformation it has undergone in the past. (Editor/PG)

  10. Vice-Principal Research: A Window on the Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iannaccone, Laurence

    1985-01-01

    Proposes that the role of the secondary school assistant principal should be studied in terms of the dynamics of basic political conflicts in schools. When seen as a polity, the school site is full of disturbances that can potentially expand into conflicts; the assistant principals' typical function is to respond to these disturbances. (KH)

  11. Comparison of the VersaTREK blood culture system against the Bactec9240 system in patients with suspected bloodstream infections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Zyl Danie G

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To evaluate the VersaTREK (TREK Diagnostic Systems, Cleveland, Ohio blood culture system against the Bactec9240 (BD Microbiology, Cockeysville, MD, for the recovery of bloodstream pathogens. Methods Venous blood from patients with suspected bacterial sepsis was evenly distributed into bottles of each system. Positive signals were recorded and bottles processed onto standard media for organism recovery. False positive signals were regarded if no organisms were seen on Gram stain and no growth was observed. Results 177 bottles were available for analysis; the Bactec9240 system yielded 43 positive, 134 negative results and no false positive signals. The VersaTREK system had 58 positive signals with 14 being false positives. Conclusions In our setting with high background burden of immuno-compromised patients, the VersaTREK system compared favourably with the Bactec9240 in recovering blood stream aerobic and facultative anaerobic pathogens from patients with suspected bacterial sepsis. A concern is the high false positivity rate. Due to its versatility to accommodate small and large workloads as well as using smaller volumes of blood, this system may establish itself as a useful alternative for the recovery of bloodstream pathogens.

  12. A Qualitative Analysis of the Leadership Style of a Vice-Chancellor in a Private University in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Tan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study used Bolman and Deal’s framework to examine the leadership frames of a vice-chancellor in a private university in Malaysia. Qualitative methods comprised interviews with the vice-chancellor and six of his staff reporting directly to him, document analysis, and observations. Atlas.ti was used to code the leadership frames. Content analysis revealed that the vice-chancellor exhibited three frames, showing a multi-frame leadership style. It reflects the vice-chancellor implements an effective leadership style and a high level of cognitive ability, which is important for the organizational effectiveness.

  13. Eighties' Film Noir: An Analysis of the Use of the "Double" in "Miami Vice's" Second and Third Seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matviko, John W.

    A comparison of the current television series "Miami Vice" with the "film noir" genre of American movies from the forties and fifties reveals many similar elements, such as visual style, mood, theme, and sensibility. "Miami Vice" is set in a large city whose art deco architecture provides an ironic contrast to noir's…

  14. Community College Vice Presidents for Institutional Advancement: Role Expectations, Fundraising Responsibilities, Professional Relationships, and Commitment to the Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciampa, Donna Lynn

    2009-01-01

    This study examined how the role expectations, responsibilities toward fundraising, and professional relationships by the vice president of institutional advancement influenced commitment to the institution. A qualitative analysis was conducted across the mid-Atlantic region by interviewing community college vice presidents of institutional…

  15. Vice presidential candidates in the American presidential elections: strategies for selection and effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Morini

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available American vice presidential candidates are chosen for several reasons. Some of these rationales are easy to be recognized, while others belong to the cockles of the heart of the presidential candidates. Social scientists and journalists agree about the factors that are more essential: the vice presidential (VP nominee’s capacity of balancing the ideological and personal characteristics of the presidential candidate and the “native son” effect, namely the guarantee that the VP nominee would carry his/her own state. These strategies are often combined and they work at different electoral levels: the first one has usually a national or macro-regional significance while the second is crucial in the battleground states. This research is divided into two sections: the first one investigates the “balancing the ticket” strategy, offering an overview of about one century of presidential races. The second aims to verify the VP nominee’s effect in his/her home state. The results will confirm that there have been several running mates who have been selected in order to “balance the ticket” but also that the vice president nominee’s effect in the home states has been quite poor.

  16. Virtues, Vices, and Political Influence in the U.S. Senate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ten Brinke, Leanne; Liu, Christopher C; Keltner, Dacher; Srivastava, Sameer B

    2016-01-01

    What qualities make a political leader more influential or less influential? Philosophers, political scientists, and psychologists have puzzled over this question, positing two opposing routes to political power--one driven by human virtues, such as courage and wisdom, and the other driven by vices, such as Machiavellianism and psychopathy. By coding nonverbal behaviors displayed in political speeches, we assessed the virtues and vices of 151 U.S. senators. We found that virtuous senators became more influential after they assumed leadership roles, whereas senators who displayed behaviors consistent with vices--particularly psychopathy--became no more influential or even less influential after they assumed leadership roles. Our results inform a long-standing debate about the role of morality and ethics in leadership and have important implications for electing effective government officials. Citizens would be wise to consider a candidate's virtue in casting their votes, which might increase the likelihood that elected officials will have genuine concern for their constituents and simultaneously promote cooperation and progress in government. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. 5 CFR 315.602 - Appointment based on service in the Office of the President or Vice-President or on the White...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Office of the President or Vice-President or on the White House Staff. 315.602 Section 315.602... service in the Office of the President or Vice-President or on the White House Staff. (a) Agency authority... Office of the President or Vice-President or on the White House Staff, provided that the appointment is...

  18. Listening to Voices at the Educational Frontline: New Administrators’ Experiences of the Transition from Teacher to Vice-principal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Armstrong

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This qualitative study examined the transition from teaching to administration through the voices four novice vice-principals. An integrative approach was used to capture the interaction between new vice-principals, their external contexts, and the resulting leadership outcomes. The data revealed that in spite of these new administrators’ intention to create better schools for all students, they encountered multiple factors that hindered their ability to achieve their leadership goals. Key obstacles included the ambiguous legal and institutional configuration of the vice-principalship, inadequate preparation for challenging front line managerial and disciplinary roles, and inappropriate transitional support. Through listening to new vice-principals voices and providing relevant preparation and coordinated supports, school districts and policy makers can improve this transition and address some of the leadership challenges facing schools.

  19. Message from Vice-Chancellor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir Ibrahim, Daing

    2013-12-01

    Salam Malaysia! First and foremost, I want to thank all 2nd International Conference on Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2013) organisers for inviting me to address and officiate this conference. This 2nd ICMER 2013 provides a platform to bring together not only researchers, postgraduate students but also industrial people. With this platform, ICMER will embark on a whole process of making new discoveries and then translating them into products and services for the marketplace and this is only made possible with people like all of you. I would like to congratulate the ICMER 2013 organisers for the achievement of collecting 208 papers for this conference. Submissions received from 17 local universities, 7 industrial companies and 9 different countries is a great achievement for UMP. I am very happy to welcome all of you from Malaysia, Iran, Turkey, Japan, India, Australia, Ireland, Saudi Arabia and Bangladesh to this conference. As one of Malaysia's Public Universities, UMP's main challenge is to remain competitive and relevant by offering high quality technical academic programmes and research activities, focusing on its niche areas. New knowledge and findings cannot be generated without any research and development (R&D) activities. These efforts will undoubtedly generate lots of interesting results and new knowledge either bring further commercialisation activities. The Malaysian government has invested a huge sum of Ringgits in R&D over the years. Therefore, UMP must produce more quality researchers and graduates to ensure Malaysia reaps the returns from these investments vice versa of progressive economic growth for the country. UMP's 2011-2015 Strategic Plan determines to strengthen and sustained its financial support by allocating research grants and industry collaboration and consultations through its business and commercial unit. On behalf of UMP, I would like to express my appreciation to all committee members of ICMER 2013 from Faculty of Mechanical

  20. Flattening filter free beams from TrueBeam and Versa HD units: Evaluation of the parameters for quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogliata, Antonella; Fleckenstein, Jens; Schneider, Frank; Pachoud, Marc; Ghandour, Sarah; Krauss, Harald; Reggiori, Giacomo; Stravato, Antonella; Lohr, Frank; Scorsetti, Marta; Cozzi, Luca

    2016-01-01

    Flattening filter free (FFF) beams generated by medical linear accelerators are today clinically used for stereotactical and non-stereotactical radiotherapy treatments. Such beams differ from the standard flattened beams (FF) in the high dose rate and the profile shape peaked on the beam central axis. Definition of new parameters as unflatness and slope for FFF beams has been proposed based on a renormalization factor for FFF profiles. The present study aims to assess the dosimetric differences between FFF beams generated by linear accelerators from different vendors, and to provide renormalization and parameter data of the two kinds of units. Dosimetric data from two Varian TrueBeam and two Elekta Versa HD linear accelerators, all with 6 and 10 MV nominal accelerating potentials, FF and FFF modes have been collected. Renormalization factors and related fit parameters according to Fogliata et al. ["Definition of parameters for quality assurance of flattening filter free (FFF) photon beams in radiation therapy," Med. Phys. 39, 6455-6464 (2012)] have been evaluated for FFF beams of both units and energies. Unflatness and slope parameters from profile curves were evaluated. Dosimetric differences in terms of beam penetration and near-the-surface dose were also assessed. FFF profile parameters have been updated; renormalization factors and unflatness from the Varian units are consistent with the published data. Elekta FFF beam qualities, different from the Varian generated beams, tend to express similar behaviour as the FF beam of the corresponding nominal energy. TPR20,10 for 6 and 10 MV FF and FFF TrueBeam beams are 0.665, 0.629 (6 MV) and 0.738, 0.703 (10 MV). The same figures for Versa HD units are 0.684, 0.678 (6 MV) and 0.734, 0.721 (10 MV). Renormalization factor and unflatness parameters evaluated from Varian and Elekta FFF beams are provided, in particular renormalization factors table and fit parameters.

  1. Sugar in disguise or healthy indulgence: A cross-cultural comparision of the perceptions of dietary vice/virtue bundles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiraporn Napatsorn

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Consumers often choose virtue food to attain health goals and vice food to achieve indulgence goals. However, food and beverage companies have begun to nullify the vice and virtue categories by bundling vice and virtue ingredients into a single item (e.g. Yogurt with Oreo topping. This research contrasts how consumers from Asian and Western cultures evaluate such vice/virtue food bundles. Building on the perceptual processes and regulatory focus literatures, two cross-cultural experiments using participants in Thailand and the U.S. shows that Westerners prefer virtue-heavy bundles to vice-heavy bundles while Asians show similar preference across both types of bundle. Process measures revealed that Asians perceive greater fit between vice and virtue components in the bundles than Westerners and this perceived fit mediates the effect of culture on their food choice. Study 2 reveals the boundary condition. Specifically, when regulatory focus was manipulated, the effect of culture is no longer significant. The findings provide managerial implications for food and beverage companies as well as contributions to consumer behavior literature.

  2. Being stuck in a vice: The process of coping with severe depression in late life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjørkløf, Guro Hanevold; Kirkevold, Marit; Engedal, Knut; Selbæk, Geir; Helvik, Anne-Sofie

    2015-01-01

    Articles describing older persons' experiences of coping with severe depression are, to our knowledge, lacking. This article is methodologically grounded in phenomenological hermeneutics, inspired by Paul Ricoeur, and applies a descriptive design with in-depth interviews for producing the data. We included 18 older persons, 13 women and 5 men, with a mean age of 77.9 years, depressed to a severe or moderate degree, 1-2 weeks after admission to a hospital for treatment of depression. We found the metaphor "being in a vice" to capture the essence of meaning from the participants' stories, and can be understood as being stuck in an immensely painful existence entirely dominated by depression in late life. This is the first article where coping in older men and women experiencing the most severe phase of depression is explored.

  3. Flattening filter free beams from TrueBeam and Versa HD units: Evaluation of the parameters for quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fogliata, Antonella, E-mail: antonella.fogliata@humanitas.it; Reggiori, Giacomo; Stravato, Antonella; Scorsetti, Marta; Cozzi, Luca [Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery Department, Humanitas Research Hospital, Milan-Rozzano I-20098 (Italy); Fleckenstein, Jens; Schneider, Frank; Lohr, Frank [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim D-68167 (Germany); Pachoud, Marc; Ghandour, Sarah [Radiation Oncology Department, Hôpital Riviera Chablais, Vevey CH-1800 (Switzerland); Krauss, Harald [Radio-Oncology Department, Kaiser Franz Josef Spital, Vienna A-1100 (Austria)

    2016-01-15

    Purpose: Flattening filter free (FFF) beams generated by medical linear accelerators are today clinically used for stereotactical and non-stereotactical radiotherapy treatments. Such beams differ from the standard flattened beams (FF) in the high dose rate and the profile shape peaked on the beam central axis. Definition of new parameters as unflatness and slope for FFF beams has been proposed based on a renormalization factor for FFF profiles. The present study aims to assess the dosimetric differences between FFF beams generated by linear accelerators from different vendors, and to provide renormalization and parameter data of the two kinds of units. Methods: Dosimetric data from two Varian TrueBeam and two Elekta Versa HD linear accelerators, all with 6 and 10 MV nominal accelerating potentials, FF and FFF modes have been collected. Renormalization factors and related fit parameters according to Fogliata et al. [“Definition of parameters for quality assurance of flattening filter free (FFF) photon beams in radiation therapy,” Med. Phys. 39, 6455–6464 (2012)] have been evaluated for FFF beams of both units and energies. Unflatness and slope parameters from profile curves were evaluated. Dosimetric differences in terms of beam penetration and near-the-surface dose were also assessed. Results: FFF profile parameters have been updated; renormalization factors and unflatness from the Varian units are consistent with the published data. Elekta FFF beam qualities, different from the Varian generated beams, tend to express similar behaviour as the FF beam of the corresponding nominal energy. TPR{sub 20,10} for 6 and 10 MV FF and FFF TrueBeam beams are 0.665, 0.629 (6 MV) and 0.738, 0.703 (10 MV). The same figures for Versa HD units are 0.684, 0.678 (6 MV) and 0.734, 0.721 (10 MV). Conclusions: Renormalization factor and unflatness parameters evaluated from Varian and Elekta FFF beams are provided, in particular renormalization factors table and fit parameters.

  4. James Lyon. Miami Vice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrysavgi Papayianni

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the shortness of its length, Miami Vice by James Lyons is a meticulous study of NBC’s series of the same title, attempting to provide an overview of the show’s social, socio-cultural, and industrial-economic circumstances surrounding its production and distribution in order to highlight its status as a “defining show of its era” (3. The series starring Don Johnson as James Crocket and Philip Michael Thomas as Ricardo Tubbs appeared in 1984. As a continuation of the cop shows of the p...

  5. Selection Criteria, Skill Sets and Competencies: What Is Their Role in the Appointment of Vice-Chancellors in Australian Universities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Meara, Bernard; Petzall, Stanley

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The research presented here attempts to identify and analyse the reported selection criteria used in the appointment of Australian vice-chancellors (VCs) and to contrast this with the selection criteria actually used. Design/methodology/approach: Contemporary research into the nature, role and purpose of section criteria in appointment…

  6. The Lived Experiences of Vice Presidents for Student Affairs: A Study Exploring How Social Identity Impacts Leadership Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, David E.

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to both draw awareness and increase understanding of how lived experiences across race, gender and sexual orientation social identities impact the leadership approach of Vice Presidents for Student Affairs. As the student demographic becomes increasingly more diverse on college and university campuses, higher education leaders…

  7. A Study on the Optimization of Surfactants in the Main and Vice Slug in Weak Base ASP Flooding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Huang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In ASP (Alkali-Surfactant-Polymer flooding processes, surfactants help to enhance oil recovery by lowering the interfacial tension between the oil and water. However, due to the high cost of surfactants and the stability of the emulsion that varies with surfactant concentration, it is necessary to optimize the surfactant concentration in ASP flooding. In this study, we combined numerical simulation and physical experimental research to solve this problem. In order to screen for the optimal surfactant concentration in the main and vice slugs, CMG (Computer Measurement Group numerical simulation software was used to change the surfactant concentration in the injected compound system and the oil recovery factor and the recovery percent of reserves were compared. The physical experiments were also carried out with different surfactant concentrations and the results verified the simulation results. It shows that the recovery factor increases with the surfactant concentration. The optimal surfactant concentration in the main and vice slug are 0.3% and 0.15%, respectively. As for improving the recovery factor, it is more efficient to increase the mass fraction of the surfactant in the vice slug than in the main slug. It demonstrates that the amount of surfactant in the main slug plays a more important role in displacing oil from the formation.

  8. Probing the molecules of the mind

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    2005-01-10

    Jan 10, 2005 ... A forms hydrogen bonds specifically with T and vice versa, while G forms hydrogen bonds specifically with C and vice versa. In this way each strand of DNA is strongly bound through specific hydrogen bonds to its complementary strand ..... a catalogue of car parts of itself is of little use to the motor mechanic ...

  9. The vices of emperor Constans I in the fourth century histories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milivojević Uroš

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the negative characteristics of the Roman emperor Constans I (337-350, according to the earliest preserved information from the late 4th century histories of Aurelius Victor, Eutropius Pseudo-Victor and Eunapius of Sardis. The earliest account of Constans' downfall is around 361 recorded by Aurelius Victor in his short history De Caesaribus. Victor wrote that Constans became more arrogant and aggressive after he defeated his elder brother Constantine II in 340. Also, he was not cautious enough for his young age, was hated due to his bad subordinates and did not respect his soldiers properly. But, the most outrageous fact was according to Victor, that the emperor had homosexual affinity towards his young and attractive barbarian hostages. The record of less moralistic Eutropius in his Breviarium ab Urbe condita, written in 369, is shorter but sharper. In the beginning the reign of Constans was vigorous and righteous but his character deteriorated after his illness. Following that, the young Augustus befriended himself with corrupted companions and turned to severe vices. His reign grew unbearable to his subjects and unpopular among the army ranks. Briefer then Eutropis is the testimony of an anonymous Latin author of Epitome de caesaribus who was contemporary to the Eastern Roman emperor Arcadius (395-408. This Pseudo-Victor wrote down that Constans devoted himself to hunting session, thus allowing plotters to dethrone him. Finally the single Greek author in this series, Eunapius (died after 404, whose istoria h meta Dexippon survived in fragments and Zosimus' late fifth century abridgment, called Constans the worst among the most intolerable tyrants. The Lydian sophist, as far as we could conclude from Zosimus', also recorded Constans' inclination towards young barbarians whom he allowed to mistreat his subjects. Because of wretchedness in the provinces of his realm, the courtiers led coup d'etat through

  10. Vice Presidents' Foreword

    Science.gov (United States)

    is dependent not only on attracting high quality papers, but on the preservation of high standards in the overall editorial process. This requires, inter alia, a sympathetic managing editor to assist non-native English speakers in Europe and beyond to communicate their research findings with good clarity. We are highly fortunate that Dr j S G (Jim) McCulloch, who has had such a major impact on the success of the Journal of Hydrology, has agreed to take on the onerous task of launching and managing HESS. He will be supported by a panel of Scientific Editors and by an Editorial Board, who will advise him. We are indebted to Dr McCulloch and his editorial office team for their dedicated efforts in bringing this first issue to fruition. We also thank the authors, who have entrusted their papers to HESS, the reviewers who have responded so promptly and Arne Richter, the Secretary-General of EGS, for his continual support and enthusiasm for this venture. Finally, and most important of all, we appeal to you, and all members of the scientific community, to support HESS by * taking out a personal subscription; * arranging for an institutional subscription; * contributing your best papers; * helping with the peer review process. By rallying around HESS and giving it the priority which will ensure that high quality is achieved from the outset, we can, as a community, eventually match the achievements of WRR. You and future generations of European hydrologists will be the beneficiaries. Philip O'Kane Enda O'Connell EGS Vice-President Past-EGS Vice-President (Hydrological Sciences) (Hydrological Sciences)

  11. White House Office of the Vice President Announces New Memorandum of Understanding in Clinical Proteogenomics Between the United States and Australia | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    The White House Office of the Vice President has announced the signing of three Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) that will make available an unprecedented international dataset to advance cancer research and care.

  12. Vice Presidents' Foreword

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-01-01

    of a new journal is dependent not only on attracting high quality papers, but on the preservation of high standards in the overall editorial process. This requires, inter alia, a sympathetic managing editor to assist non-native English speakers in Europe and beyond to communicate their research findings with good clarity. We are highly fortunate that Dr j S G (Jim McCulloch, who has had such a major impact on the success of the Journal of Hydrology, has agreed to take on the onerous task of launching and managing HESS. He will be supported by a panel of Scientific Editors and by an Editorial Board, who will advise him. We are indebted to Dr McCulloch and his editorial office team for their dedicated efforts in bringing this first issue to fruition. We also thank the authors, who have entrusted their papers to HESS, the reviewers who have responded so promptly and Arne Richter, the Secretary-General of  EGS, for his continual support and enthusiasm for this venture. Finally, and most important of all, we appeal to you, and all members of the scientific community, to support HESS by * taking out a personal subscription; * arranging for an institutional subscription; * contributing your best papers; * helping with the peer review process. By rallying around HESS and giving it the priority which will ensure that high quality is achieved from the outset, we can, as a community, eventually match the achievements of WRR. You and future generations of European hydrologists will be the beneficiaries. Philip O'Kane                                                                  Enda O'Connell EGS Vice-President                                                       Past-EGS Vice-President (Hydrological Sciences                                                (Hydrological Sciences

  13. 24 February 2012 - Polish Vice-Rectors AGH University of Science and Technology Cracow visiting the ATLAS underground experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni; Vice Rector J. Lis signs a collaboration agreement with A. Unnervik; Adviser T. Kurtyka and A. Siemko accompany the delegation throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    24 February 2012 - Polish Vice-Rectors AGH University of Science and Technology Cracow visiting the ATLAS underground experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni; Vice Rector J. Lis signs a collaboration agreement with A. Unnervik; Adviser T. Kurtyka and A. Siemko accompany the delegation throughout.

  14. De invloed van endodontische afwijkingen op parodontale afwijkingen en vice versa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, L.B.

    2010-01-01

    Pathologisch gezien kan er een relatie bestaan tussen het endodontium en het parodontium in de vorm van een onnatuurlijke verbinding tussen de anatomische structuren. Bij de primaire endodontische laesie met secundaire parodontale component is dat een smalle pocket die als fistel voor het

  15. De l’alcool à l’écriture, et vice versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Brissette

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available De la coupe à la lettre, de l’alcool à l’inspiration, les points de passage sont multiples et de divers ordres. La chanson à boire et l’imagerie du poète exalté par le vin ne sont que les manifestations les plus familières, les plus attendues de cette association première entre alcool et écriture. La citation suivante, tirée de Panégyrique de Guy Debord, montre déjà que d’autres angles du problème sont à couvrir :Quoique ayant beaucoup lu, j’ai bu davantage. J’ai écrit beaucoup moins que la p...

  16. Beyond Leadership and Management: The Boundary-Spanning Role of the Pro-Vice Chancellor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilbeam, Colin; Jamieson, Ian

    2010-01-01

    With the global increase in networked forms of organizations come new challenges for the conceptualization and practice of management and leadership. Universities have a networked organizational form being composed internally of multiple groups with both complementary and conflicting characteristics and expectations, and interfacing externally…

  17. The Effect of Role Ambiguity and Role Conflict on Performance of Vice Principals: The Mediating Role of Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celik, Kazim

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: Role ambiguity and role conflict are considered issues that affect performance and lead to burnout. While numerous studies have analyzed role ambiguity or role conflict in relation to burnout or performance, few studies have studied all of these issues together. Since vice principals are expected to carry out a variety of…

  18. Romanian Revolution, after 20 years. The vices and virtues of social normality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Cioroianu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this study the author investigates the "dilemmas" of the Romanian Revolution. He is inquiring into the events taking place during the first half of the 90's, along with Romania's geopolitical evolution. Overall, everything is being examined by taking into consideration the important part played by intelligence and civil society.

  19. Aspiring Vice-Chancellors' rhetoric and the challenges of building a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It adopts Aristotle's model of rhetoric to analyse the discursive practices of the respective candidates relative to these key issues. It reveals that although the candidates address the same range of subjects, they still, at some point, employ varied rhetorical appeals to manipulate the target audience. Such appeals generally ...

  20. The vice en virtue of workplace conflict: food for (pessimistic) thought

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Dreu, C.K.W.

    2008-01-01

    Many authors, myself included, have suggested that workplace conflict may be beneficial to the organization. I argue that the support for this conclusion is rather weak. A selective and necessarily limited review of the literature shows that: (1) the positive functions of conflict are found only

  1. Leadership Considerations for Executive Vice Chairs, New Chairs, and Chairs in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunkel, Elisabeth J. S.; Lehrmann, Jon A.; Vergare, Michael J.; Roberts, Laura Weiss

    2013-01-01

    The need to fulfill academic goals in the context of significant economic challenges, new regulatory requirements, and ever-changing expectations for leadership requires continuous adaptation. This paper serves as an educational resource for emerging leaders from the literature, national leaders, and other "best practices" in the…

  2. Aspiring Vice-Chancellors' rhetoric and the challenges of building a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs. Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link ...

  3. Novelty vs. Replicability : Virtues and Vices in the Reward System of Science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romero Toro, Felipe

    2017-01-01

    The reward system of science is the priority rule (Merton, 1957). The first scientist making a new discovery is rewarded with prestige while second runners get little or nothing. Strevens (2003, 2011), following Kitcher (1990), defends this reward system arguing that it incentivizes an efficient

  4. [Interview with Dr. Miriam Schenone, Vice Minister of Justice and President of the Permanent Commission on Women's Rights].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    Peru's Permanent Commission on Women's Rights is responsible for coordinating implementation of government policies pertaining to gender and for preparing for Peru's participation in the International Conference on Women to be held in Beijing in September 1995. The Commission was separated from the Permanent Commission on Rights of Women and Children in 1995 and established in the Ministry of Justice. The Commission is composed of the Vice Minister of Justice and representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Relations, Agriculture, and Labor, the National Population Council, and other organizations. The Commission's functions include proposing policy to the National Council on Human Rights and to national and international women's rights organizations, reviewing legislation, and coordinating studies pertaining to women's rights. Among activities for the Beijing Conference are preparation of the National Report on the Situation of Women and diffusion of its contents in four regional meetings throughout Peru. The National Platform contained in the Report on the Situation of Women includes proposals intended to promote gender equality and development in the areas of education, employment, income generation, and health, and elimination of all forms of violence against women.

  5. Being stuck in a vice: The process of coping with severe depression in late life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guro Hanevold Bjørkløf

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Articles describing older persons’ experiences of coping with severe depression are, to our knowledge, lacking. This article is methodologically grounded in phenomenological hermeneutics, inspired by Paul Ricoeur, and applies a descriptive design with in-depth interviews for producing the data. We included 18 older persons, 13 women and 5 men, with a mean age of 77.9 years, depressed to a severe or moderate degree, 1–2 weeks after admission to a hospital for treatment of depression. We found the metaphor “being in a vice” to capture the essence of meaning from the participants’ stories, and can be understood as being stuck in an immensely painful existence entirely dominated by depression in late life. This is the first article where coping in older men and women experiencing the most severe phase of depression is explored.

  6. The Honorable Dr Adolfo Urso, Vice Minister for Foreign Trade, "Viceministro delle Attivita' Produttive, Italia"

    CERN Document Server

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 01: The Honorable Dr Adolfo Urso, Deputy Minister for Productive Activities, Italy, visiting SM18 with (from l to r): Dr Roberto Saban, Technical Coordination and Planning, LHC machine; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Dr Mario Gerbino, Director General of the Ministry and Prof. Lucio Rossi, LHC Main Magnet and Superconductors (MMS) Group Leader. Photo 02: Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General and The Honorable Dr Adolfo Urso, Deputy Minister for Productive Activities, Italy, in front of one of the LHC superconducting magnet in SM18. Photo 03 :In front of one of the LHC superconducting magnets - from left to right Dr Roberto Saban, Technical Coordination and Planning, LHC machine; The Honorable Dr Adolfo Urso, Deputy Minister for Productive Activities, Italy and Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General. Photo 04: In the SM18 hall (from l. to r.) Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, The Honorable Dr Adolfo Urso, Deputy Minister for Productive Activities, Italy and Dr Mario Ge...

  7. Private Epistemic Virtue, Public Vices: Moral Responsibility in the Policy Sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lefevre, M.; Schliesser, E.; Martini, C.; Boumans, M.

    2015-01-01

    In this chapter we address what we call "The-Everybody-Did-It" (TEDI) Syndrome, a symptom for collective negligence. Our main thesis is that the character of scientific communities can be evaluated morally and be found wanting in terms of moral responsibility. Even an epistemically successful

  8. SU-E-T-360: End-To-End Dosimetric Testing of a Versa HD Linear Accelerator with the Agility Head Modeled in Pinnacle3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saenz, D; Narayanasamy, G; Cruz, W; Papanikolaou, N; Stathakis, S [University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The Versa HD incorporates a variety of upgrades, primarily including the Agility head. The distinct dosimetric properties of the head from its predecessors combined with flattening-filter-free (FFF) beams require a new investigation of modeling in planning systems and verification of modeling accuracy. Methods: A model was created in Pinnacle{sup 3} v9.8 with commissioned beam data. Leaf transmission was modeled as <0.5% with maximum leaf speed of 3 cm/s. Photon spectra were tuned for FFF beams, for which profiles were modeled with arbitrary profiles rather than with cones. For verification, a variety of plans with varied parameters were devised, and point dose measurements were compared to calculated values. A phantom of several plastic water and Styrofoam slabs was scanned and imported into Pinnacle{sup 3}. Beams of different field sizes, SSD, wedges, and gantry angles were created. All available photon energies (6 MV, 10 MV, 18 MV, 6 FFF, 10 FFF) as well four clinical electron energies (6, 9, 12, and 15 MeV) were investigated. The plans were verified at a calculation point (8 cm deep for photons, variable for electrons) by measurement with a PTW Semiflex ionization chamber. In addition, IMRT testing was performed with three standard plans (step and shoot IMRT, small and large field VMAT plans). The plans were delivered on the Delta4 IMRT QA phantom (ScandiDos, Uppsala, Sweden). Results: Homogeneous point dose measurement agreed within 2% for all photon and electron beams. Open field photon measurements along the central axis at 100 cm SSD passed within 1%. Gamma passing rates were >99.5% for all plans with a 3%/3mm tolerance criteria. The IMRT QA results for the first 23 patients yielded gamma passing rates of 97.4±2.3%. Conclusion: The end-to-end testing ensured confidence in the ability of Pinnacle{sup 3} to model photon and electron beams with the Agility head.

  9. 2 February 2010-Bristol University Vice-Chancellor E. Thomas visiting SM18 hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier and Technology Department Senior Engineer R. Veness; signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    Caption for photograph 1239013 from left to right: University of Bristol and CMS Collaboration D. Newbold; University of Bristol Team Leader and LHCb Collaboration N. Brook; Bristol University Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research G. Orpen; Beams Department Head P. Collier; Bristol University Vice-Chancellor E. Thomas;Technology Department Senior Engineer R. Veness in the SM18 hall.

  10. At the United Nation Foundation's Social Good Summit, Vice President Biden Announces New Cancer Moonshot International Cooperation and Investments | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    This week, Vice President Joe Biden announced progress on his global vision for the Cancer Moonshot.  Announced were 10 new Memoranda of Understanding or Memoranda of Cooperation for international cancer research and care, as well as new efforts in the emerging scientific areas of precision oncology, the funding of collaborative research centers to address cancer disparities in low- and middle- income (LMIC) countries, and a strengthening of existing U.S. bilateral science and technology engagements around cancer.  

  11. 28 June 2017 - Italian Agnelli Foundation Vice Chairman, and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Chairman, J. Elkann signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    from left to right in 53__MA27642: Scuola di Alta Formazione al Management Project manager R. Movva; Agnelli Foundation Director A. Gavosto; Agnelli Foundation Head of Innovation A. Griva; Scuola di Alta Formazione al Management Director S. Pettochi; Agnelli Foundation Vice Chairman, and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Chairman J. Elkann; CERN Director-General F. Gianotti; Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle; Management Liaison for the Italian Republic, Engineering Department Head R. Losito; Knowledge Transfer Group Leader G. Anelli. Signature of the Framework agreement between the Scuola di Alta Formazione al Management, represented by Director S. Petocchi and CERN, represented by Director-General F. Gianotti, witnessed by Agnelli Foundation Vice Chairman J. Elkann.

  12. Virtue, Vice, and Situationism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bates, Tom; Kleingeld, Pauline; Snow, Nancy

    2018-01-01

    On the basis of psychological research, a group of philosophers known as 'situationists' argue that the evidence belies the existence of broad and stable (or 'global') character traits. They argue that this condemns as psychologically unrealistic those traditions in moral theory in which global

  13. The Relation Between Malnutrition and the Exocrine Pancreas: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, Rosalie H.; van den Brink, Deborah A.; Bandsma, Robert H.; Boele van Hensbroek, Michael; Tabbers, Merit M.; Voskuijl, Wieger P.

    2018-01-01

    The relation between malnutrition and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) has been described previously, but it is unclear if malnutrition leads to EPI or vice versa. We systematically synthesized current evidence evaluating the association between malnutrition and EPI in children. Pubmed,

  14. The Co-evolution of Internationalization and Technological Knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Hashai, Niron; Delios, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    but diminishing effect of technological knowledge on internationalization and vice versa. This relationship leads to equilibrium in the technological knowledge-internationalization space that dictates the patterns of technological and international evolution of MNEs. The model offers an integrative approach...

  15. CURRICULUM LEADERSIHP: STRATEGIES FOR LINKING THE WRITTEN AND DELIVERED CURRICULIM

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lena Damovska

    2014-01-01

    ...) without neglecting the written curriculum(the theory), and vice versa, all the while analyzing strategies that will link both curricula and implement these conclusions in their further teaching...

  16. GUIDELINE THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS THROUGH INTERCULTURALITY USING INFORMATION SYSTEMS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Beniamin G. BOŞCAI; Doina DĂNĂIAŢĂ

    2014-01-01

    ... of employees with different cultural backgrounds in organizations. Relating to interculturality, information systems have a crucial role by establishing the link between the recruiter and candidate, and vice versa...

  17. Getting closer: the effects of personalized and interactive online political communication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruikemeier, S.; van Noort, G.; Vliegenthart, R.; de Vreese, C.H.

    2013-01-01

    Political parties and politicians increasingly use the possibilities of the Internet to communicate interactively with citizens and vice versa. The Internet also offers opportunities for individual politicians to profile themselves. These developments are often said to bring politics closer to

  18. Intentional switches between bimanual coordination patterns are primarily effectuated by the nondominant hand

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Poel, HJ; Peper, CE; Beek, PJ

    Based on indications that hand dominance is characterized by asymmetrical interlimb coupling strength (with the dominant hand exerting stronger influences on the nondominant hand than vice versa), intentional switches between rhythmic bimanual coordination patterns were predicted to be mediated

  19. Conference "Internet, Web, What's next?" on 26 June 1998 at CERN: Mark Bernstein, Vice President of CNN Interactive, describes the impact of the Web on world media and predicts what we can expect as the next developments

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Conference "Internet, Web, What's next?" on 26 June 1998 at CERN: Mark Bernstein, Vice President of CNN Interactive, describes the impact of the Web on world media and predicts what we can expect as the next developments

  20. 14 February 2012 - Vice-President of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic A. Gajduskova signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting ATLAS experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti. Ambassador Sequensova to the UN accompanies the Vice-President.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Vice-president of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, Alena Gajduskova was welcomed to CERN by Rolf Heuer, CERN’s director-general, on 14 and 15 February. Her time at CERN included the ATLAS Visitor Centre and underground experimental area, the LHC tunnel, the LHC superconducting-magnet test hall and the ALICE underground experimental area. She also heard a presentation on the LHC Computing Grid Project at CERN’s Computer Centre.

  1. 11 CFR 103.4 - Vice Presidential candidate campaign depositories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... designated by the principal campaign committee of a political party's candidate for President shall be the campaign depository for that political party's candidate for the office of Vice President. ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Vice Presidential candidate campaign...

  2. 29 CFR 1601.4 - Vice Chairman's functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vice Chairman's functions. 1601.4 Section 1601.4 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.4 Vice Chairman's functions. The member of the Commission designated by the President to...

  3. Conference RSIS (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Economic Development - Building 40 S2 - B01 - Mr. Mohammad Nahavandian, Vice-President for Research, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Conference RSIS (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Economic Development - Building 40 S2 - B01 - Mr. Mohammad Nahavandian, Vice-President for Research, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran.

  4. Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

  5. 1st October 2010 - Chinese Vice President of the Academy of Sciences signing the guest book and exchanging gifts with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci, witnessed by Adviser R. Voss

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    1st October 2010 - Chinese Vice President of the Academy of Sciences signing the guest book and exchanging gifts with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci, witnessed by Adviser R. Voss

  6. 29 January 2013 - Japanese Toshiba Corporation Executive Officer and Corporate Senior Vice President O. Maekawa in the ATLAS visitor centre with representatives of the CERN-Japanese community led by Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    29 January 2013 - Japanese Toshiba Corporation Executive Officer and Corporate Senior Vice President O. Maekawa in the ATLAS visitor centre with representatives of the CERN-Japanese community led by Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni.

  7. Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Chinese Commission of Science Technology and Industry for National Defense Senior Vice Minister CHEN Qiufa exchanging gifts at luncheon and signing the Guest Book on 1st November 2007 with CERN Director-General R. Aymar.

  8. Mr Huidong LI Deputy Chairman and Secretary-General, Rev. Committee of Chinese Nationalist Party Vice President, Sun Yat-Sen Culture Interchange Association of China Member, Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs of the National People's Congress of China

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    Mr Huidong LI Deputy Chairman and Secretary-General, Rev. Committee of Chinese Nationalist Party Vice President, Sun Yat-Sen Culture Interchange Association of China Member, Committee for Internal and Judicial Affairs of the National People's Congress of China

  9. 28 October 2013- Former US Vice President A. Gore signing the guest book with Technology Department Head F. Bordry, Head of International Relations R. Voss, Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and CMS Collaboration Spokesperson J. Incandela.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    28 October 2013- Former US Vice President A. Gore signing the guest book with Technology Department Head F. Bordry, Head of International Relations R. Voss, Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and CMS Collaboration Spokesperson J. Incandela.

  10. American leadership in the human capital century: have the virtues of the past become the vices of the present?

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Goldin

    2002-01-01

    America led other nations by a wide margin in the provision of general, formal education to the masses and did so because of characteristics -virtues -that were shaped by New World endowments and republican ideology. Almost all of these virtues are now being questioned, and in the twenty-first century an entirely new set of virtues could emerge.

  11. VersaCold: Analysis of Change Management in Mergers & Acquisitions

    OpenAIRE

    Eslami, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Many firms use mergers and acquisitions as a corporate strategy to increase shareholder value. Therefore, understanding such a widely exercised strategy and its implications on corporate change would be critical for organizations that wish to pursue this strategy. This study provides an in depth review of mergers and acquisitions and introduces best practices for managing changes that result from mergers and acquisitions. Next, the concepts are applied to two cases of acquisitions in VersaCol...

  12. Making Connections among Multiple Graphical Representations of Fractions: Sense-Making Competencies Enhance Perceptual Fluency, but Not Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rau, Martina A.; Aleven, Vincent; Rummel, Nikol

    2017-01-01

    Prior research shows that representational competencies that enable students to use graphical representations to reason and solve tasks is key to learning in many science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains. We focus on two types of representational competencies: (1) "sense making" of connections by verbally explaining how…

  13. Putting Geography Education into Place: What Geography Educators Can Learn from Place-Based Education, and Vice Versa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Israel, Andrei L.

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, geography educators have sought to make their pedagogy relevant to pressing social and environmental issues, but these efforts have largely imported pedagogies from outside of geography. In place-based education, in contrast, place--one of geography's defining themes--serves as a central organizing principle for a socially…

  14. The Early Development of the Open University: Report of the Vice-Chancellor January 1969-December 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England).

    This report concerns the extablishment and development of the British Open University. Contents include the descriptions of: the development of the institution; staffing the open university; development of the Milton Keynes Campus; undergraduate course development; regional organization; demand for open university courses; development, production,…

  15. Two-Year College Succession Planning: Utilizing the Mission Statement for Selection of the Vice President of Human Resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacey-Nevitt, Lucia

    2012-01-01

    Colleges have a critical investment in the proper selection of key executive administrative positions with high quality leadership and character since leadership transitions can be unsettling and costly, and governing boards have a vested interest in getting it right. The problem is that two-year colleges are facing a strategic planning crisis…

  16. Opium: The Evolution of Policies, the Tolerance of the Vice, and the Proliferation of Contraband Trade in the Philippines, 1843-1908

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma N. Bamero

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This research entitled “Opium: The Evolution of Policies, the Tolerance of the Vice, and the Proliferation of Contraband Trade in the Philippines, 1843-1908” presents a discussion of the opium trade in Asia, the commercial networks it created, the political ties it strengthened, and the social relations itfostered. It also aims to reconstruct an aspect of Philippine social history in the nineteenth century through the use of archival materials that bear witness to the distribution and exploitation of a substance which some people stillclassify as taboo. The poppy was not endemic to the Philippines but opium, its derivative substance, was known to numb pain and could induce a “natural high” that left one with feelings of ease and contentment. A more complete introduction to the drug necessitates a discussion of the way it was extractedand processed. It is a cash crop that does not require complex devices and is, therefore, within the reach of farmers and common folk. From the eighteenth to the nineteenth centuries opium became very popular among the Chinese who discovered that their markets were being flooded with it by the British sothat the latter could pay for the tea that they craved.The Spanish Bourbons, in an effort to boost Philippine economy, allowed the trading of this substance. Initially this was supervised by the officials of the Alcaiceria de San Fernando but in 1843 the meticulous examination of the country’s finances merited the creation of an opium revenuefarm through municipal franchising. Opium could only be used by the Chinese who were migrating in big groups. This paper presents the details of the monopoly contract, identifies some of the wealthier contratistas of the period, and discusses the consequences of such a commercial venture. Smuggling orcontraband trade proliferated and by way of illustration the events namely, the Scandal of 1843 and the Gunga Incident, have been narrated. The creation of an over

  17. Top man: Mathematician, geographer, vice chancellor , Sir Alan Wilson the new director general of higher education at the DfES, has a reputation for solving complicated problems. He talks to Jim Kelly

    CERN Document Server

    Kelly, J

    2003-01-01

    "Sir Alan Wilson, vice-chancellor of Leeds University, has made a career out of solving big problems. This week he landed himself one of the biggest. Appointed the government's first ever director general of higher education, he becomes responsible for advising Charles Clarke at a pivotal moment in the history of the sector" (1 page).

  18. 26th February 2009 - US Google Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist V. Cerf signing the guest book with Director for research and Computing S. Bertolucci; visiting ATLAS control room and experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    HI-0902038 05: IT Department Head, F. Hemmer; US Google Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist V. Cerf; Computing Security Officer and Colloquium Convenor D. R. Myers; Member of the Internet Society Advisory Council F. Flückiger; Director for Research and Scientific Computing, S. Bertolucci ; Honorary Staff Member, B. Segal. HI-0902038 16: Computing Security Officer and Colloquium Convenor D. R. Myers; UC Irvine, ATLAS Deputy Spokesperson elect A. J. Lankford; US Google Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist V. Cerf; ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni; IT Department Head, F. Hemmer.

  19. Procedimientos Comunes de Operacion Para Juntas Responsabilidades y Derechos del Presidente, Vice Presidente, Secretaria, y Miembros (Standard Procedures of Operation for Meetings, Rights, and Responsibilities of the President, Vice President, Secretary, and Members).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Ramon

    Of use to Parent Advisory Committees, this Spanish-English handout briefly describes the standard procedures used to conduct meetings and outlines the duties of committee officers and members. The pamphlet describes the standard order of business at a meeting, including calling a meeting to order, roll call, minutes, reports, unfinished and new…

  20. Vice-Principalship: Their Responsibility Roles and Career Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, John Chi-Kin; Kwan, Paula; Walker, Allan

    2009-01-01

    A discrepancy exists between the ideal and the actual roles played by vice-principals (VPs). This gap between roles influences the level of job satisfaction, which, in turn, affects their desire for a principalship. This study used a questionnaire survey of about 300 Hong Kong VPs to examine the core responsibility dimensions pertaining to their…

  1. Message from Vice Chancellor, UMP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir Ibrahim, Daing

    2012-09-01

    Assalamualaikumwarahmatullahiwabarakatuh and Salam i Malaysia First and foremost, I want to thank the International Conference Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER) organisers for inviting me to address and officiate at this conference. It is a privilege and an honour for me on this momentous occasion to grace the ceremony. The ICMER provides a platform to bring together not only researchers but also postgraduate students in Mechanical Engineering, Automotive Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering, Biomechanical Engineering, Material Engineering and Industrial Engineering. With this platform, ICMER will embark on a whole process of making new discoveries and then translating them into products and services for the marketplace; this is only made possible by people like all of you. It might be only a starting point but with hard work and perseverance I am sure you will succeed with flying colours. As one of Malaysia's Public Universities, UMP's main challenge is to remain competitive and relevant by offering high quality technical academic programmes and research activities, focusing on its niche areas. New knowledge and findings cannot be generated without research and development (R&D) therefore, Malaysia has had substantial investment in research and development facilities. These efforts will undoubtedly generate lots of interesting results and new knowledge as either further investigation or commercial activities. Therefore, researchers like you must see this as the generator of new knowledge to extend your research outcomes from laboratory experiments to the marketplace and towards commercialisation. Naybe this doesn't appear significant in the short term but it may make a tremendous impact in the future. The Malaysian government has invested a huge sum of Ringgits in R&D over the years. Therefore, public universities such as UMP must produce more quality researchers and graduates to ensure Malaysia reaps the returns from these investments and consequently

  2. Vices Among Commercial Chickens in Maiduguri, Borno State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A survey was carried out to determine the presence of vices in commercial chickens in Maiduguri, Borno State, between Marchto July, 2005. Types, causes, and possible control measures were also investigated. Forty flocks were randomly selected and studied. These included institutional, government and private (small ...

  3. 14th September 2010 - UK Birmingham University Vice Chancellor D. Eastwood signing the guest book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers (CERN-HI-1009225 13-22)

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    (CERN-HI-1009225 02-12): visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier; (CERN-HI-1009225 27-34): visiting the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti and Deputy D. Charlton, University of Birmingham. D.Eastwood is accompnied by Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Head of College (Engineering and Physical Sciences) N. Weatherill and Head of School, School of Physics & Astronomy A.Schofield.

  4. Developing Virtue and Rehabilitating Vice: Worries about Self-Cultivation and Self-Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battaly, Heather

    2016-01-01

    Aristotelian virtue theorists have emphasized the role of the self in developing virtue and in rehabilitating vice. But this article argues that, as Aristotelians, we have placed too much emphasis on self-cultivation and self-reform. Self-cultivation is not required for developing virtue or vice. Nor will "sophia"-inspired self-reform…

  5. Supersymmetry: the Next Spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, Michael E

    2002-12-16

    I describe the picture by which supersymmetry--the possible symmetry of Nature that converts fermions to bosons and vice versa--accounts for the next stage of physics beyond the Standard Model. I then survey the future experimental program implied by this theory, in which the spectrum of particles associated with supersymmetry will be determined with precision.

  6. Rethinking the Obvious

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, C.P.

    2008-01-01

    “Philosophy is the art of reflecting on that what we think we already know” This quote from my supervisor Harry Kunneman, starkly addresses the problem of any interdisciplinary enterprise, such as is the case when philosophy meets engineering and vice versa. It is hard to reconsider the obvious, or

  7. THE MIND BODY PROBLEM: THE HERMENEUTICS OF AFRICAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    able to have effects on his body and vice versa. The mind body problem is all about the nature and extent ... picture, the source of the notorious mind-body problem, which continues to haunt scholars of Western ... discourse with the African response to the mind- body problem. This will be followed by a concluding reflection.

  8. The Octave Illusion Revisited Again

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deutsch, Diana

    2004-01-01

    The octave illusion (D. Deutsch, 1974) occurs when 2 tones separated by an octave are alternated repeatedly, such that when the right ear receives the high tone, the left ear receives the low tone, and vice versa. Most subjects in the original study reported hearing a single tone that alternated from ear to ear, whose pitch also alternated from…

  9. The Fluid Foil: The Seventh Simple Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitts, Charles R.

    2012-01-01

    A simple machine does one of two things: create a mechanical advantage (lever) or change the direction of an applied force (pulley). Fluid foils are unique among simple machines because they not only change the direction of an applied force (wheel and axle); they convert fluid energy into mechanical energy (wind and Kaplan turbines) or vice versa,…

  10. The Czech Locative Chameleon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarald Taraldsen

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available We show that under certain circumstances, the Czech locative prepositions (LOC show up as directional prepositions (DIR and vice versa, (under different circumstances the Czech DIR PPs show up as LOC. We argue that such a chameleon life of the PPs is structurally dependent.

  11. The heart and hypothyroidism

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1983-04-09

    Apr 9, 1983 ... Hypothyroidism may initiate cardiac disease or worsen that which alread\\' exists. Treatmenr of the cardiac problem is influenced by the thyroid disorder and vice versa. We recenrly saw a patienr with hypothyroidism who presenred with cardiomyopathy and severe hean failure resistanr to treatment.

  12. The Stair-Step Atom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Thomas M.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents a model of a generic atom that is used to represent the movement of electrons from lower to higher levels and vice-versa due to excitation and de-excitation of the atom. As the process of de-excitation takes place, photons represented by colored ping-pong balls are emitted, indicating the emission of light. (MDH)

  13. The Implications of the Cognitive Sciences for the Relation between Religion and Science Education: The Case of Evolutionary Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blancke, Stefaan; De Smedt, Johan; De Cruz, Helen; Boudry, Maarten; Braeckman, Johan

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the relationship between religion and science education in the light of the cognitive sciences. We challenge the popular view that science and religion are compatible, a view that suggests that learning and understanding evolutionary theory has no effect on students' religious beliefs and vice versa. We develop a cognitive…

  14. Terry Clements named Council of Educators of Landscape Architecture first vice-president

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2010-01-01

    Terry L. Clements, associate professor of landscape architecture in the School of Architecture + Design, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, was elected to serve as first vice-president of the Council of Educators of Landscape Architecture (CELA).

  15. 27 October 2014 - L. Pistelli Vice Minister at Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italian Republic

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    Mr Lapo Pistelli Vice Minister at Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Member of the Italian Parliament (Chamber of Deputies), Italian Republic, signing the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer ; Physics Department Head L. Mapelli also present

  16. The influence of ERP implementation on the division of power at the production-sales interface

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, J.; Boonstra, A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate a model that demonstrates the influence of enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementation on the power and interests of actors at the production-sales interface, and vice versa. Design/methodology/approach - An empirical in-depth

  17. Theoretical explanations and practices regarding the distinction between the concepts: judicial error, error of law and fundamental vice in the legislation of the Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilisa Muntean

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In the research, a doctrinal and legal analysis of the concept of legal error is carried out. The author provides a self-defined definition of the concept addressed and highlights the main causes and conditions for the occurrence of judicial errors. At present, in the specialized legal doctrine of the Republic of Moldova, the problem of defining the judicial error has been little approached. In this respect, this scientific article is a scientific approach aimed at elucidating the theoretical and normative deficiencies and errors that occur in the area of reparation of the prejudice caused by judicial errors. In order to achieve our goal, we aim to create a core of ideas and referral mechanisms that ensure a certain interpretative and decisional homogeneity in the doctrinal and legal characterization of the phrase "judicial error".

  18. The thumb rule reveals: facilitating the transition from electron ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... any difference between the two said geometries and thereby facilitates the transition from electron to molecular geometry and vice versa. The use of this technique is additionally advantageous since it is simple to apply and does not require any materials (and is therefore free of charge). Importantly, it is a fun exercise that ...

  19. The Rise of Caring Power

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenth, van Annemieke; Haan, de Francisca

    2000-01-01

    This original study discusses the role of women in developing and dispersing caring power and, vice-versa, the role of caring power in constituting 'women' as modern social subjects, processes which began around 1800. Based on the historian-/philosopher Foucault's concept of pastoral power, "caring

  20. [The advantage of multidisciplinary treatment of presbycusis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouccara, Didier; Madjlessi, Arach; Mosnier, Isabelle

    2010-01-01

    Attributable to the ageing of the hearing system, presbycusis presents a wide variability in the general population. Early detection is necessary in order to be able to provide the patient with a suitable hearing aid. Collaboration between otolaryngologists and geriatricians proves to be advantageous as a consultation for a memory complaint may be the opportunity to detect presbycusis and vice versa.

  1. Scientific production of Vice Chancellors for Research in Peruvian universities with a medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Añazco, Percy; Valenzuela-Rodríguez, Germán; Pacheco-Mendoza, Josmel; Málaga, Germán

    2017-10-19

    To determine the scientific production of Research Vice-chancellors at Peruvian universities that have medical schools, as well as their academic degrees as an indirect way to evaluate their suitability for the position they hold. We searched all Peruvian universities that register medical schools. Of these, the scientific production of the universities registered in SCOPUS was identified in September of the 2016. The scientific production of the vice chancellors of investigation of these faculties of medicine was determined through the search of its scientific publications registered in SCOPUS and those reported in the National Registry of Researchers in Science and Technology. Academic degrees were obtained from the database of the National Superintendence of Higher University Education. The sample included 28 research vice chancellors. Only 4/28 had any publications. The average number of articles published by the vice chancellors of research was 1.71, the number of citations 23.1 on average and the H index 0.64. Besides, 22 Vice-chancellors of research had the degree of doctor, four had the degree of bachelor and two the degree of master. The scientific production of research vice chancellors is poor. The required academic grade requirement for the position is not met in all cases. It is likely that, having no research experience, his leadership in directing a university's research policies may be questioned.

  2. Original Synthetic Report: The peopling of the Americas: a complex ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic distances and N-J dendrogram method are applied. Results and conclusions: Results and discussion have given to the following conclusions: 1) Pacific Ocean boat trips may have contributed to the HLA genetic American profile (or vice versa); 2) North West Canadian Athabaskans have had gene flow with close ...

  3. The Mayer-Joule Principle: The Foundation of the First Law of Thermodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newburgh, Ronald; Leff, Harvey S.

    2011-01-01

    To most students today the mechanical equivalent of heat, called the Mayer-Joule principle, is simply a way to convert from calories to joules and vice versa. However, in linking work and heat--once thought to be disjointed concepts--it goes far beyond unit conversion. Heat had eluded understanding for two centuries after Galileo Galilei…

  4. The Danish Agenda for Rethinking Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svejvig, Per; Grex, Sara

    2016-01-01

    . The 10 leading stars and ILF method are compared to RPM research. The comparative analysis is then used in a broader discussion about how the research-driven RPM initiative can enrich the industry-driven PHD initiative and vice versa depicted in a theoretical understanding of translations between global...

  5. Teaching the Rock Cycle with Ease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bereki, Debra

    2000-01-01

    Describes a hands-on lesson for teaching high school students the concept of the rock cycle using sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks. Students use a rock cycle diagram to identify pairs of rocks. From the rock cycle, students explain on paper how their first rock became the second rock and vice versa. (PVD)

  6. Sensors and Technologies in Spain: State-of-the-Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Pajares

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this special issue was to provide a comprehensive view on the state-of-the-art sensor technology in Spain. Different problems cause the appearance and development of new sensor technologies and vice versa, the emergence of new sensors facilitates the solution of existing real problems. [...

  7. Moving close to parents and adult children in the Netherlands: the influence of support needs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smits, A.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the extent to which support needs lead to moves of adult children (aged 30 and above) to within one kilometer of their parents and vice versa is examined. Using Netherlands population data from 2004 and 2005, it is found that the divorce of the adult child increases the likelihood of

  8. The Social Facting of Education: Durkheim's Legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varenne, Herve

    1995-01-01

    Attempts a reevaluation of Emile Durkheim's contributions to the sociology of education. Considers Durkheim's influence on the pedagogical theories of John Dewey and vice-versa. Concludes with an examination of Durkheim's theories as they relate to the conflict between resistance and socialization. (MJP)

  9. A computer program for the estimation of time of death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynnerup, N

    1993-01-01

    and that the temperature at death is known. Also, Marshall and Hoare's formula expresses the temperature as a function of time, and not vice versa, the latter being the problem most often encountered by forensic scientists. A simple BASIC program that enables solving of Marshall and Hoare's equation for the postmortem...

  10. Characterization of Rhizobium strain isolated from the roots of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-10-20

    Oct 20, 2008 ... the formation of lumps or nodules where the nitrogen fixation takes place. The bacterium's .... Formation of blue color indicated non-utilization of starch and vice versa. Fluorescence assay. The test was .... by mixing with calcium carbonate powder and sterilized by autoclaving. If the carrier is neutral there is ...

  11. A Review of Mapping Functions for the Radio Path Delay in the Neutral Atmosphere, GT-PR-NMA-2152

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elgered, Gunnar; Jensen, Anna B. O.

    2004-01-01

    We present a review of developed mapping functions used to map the radio wave propagation delay, caused by the neutral atmosphere, from the zenith direction to a given elevation angle or vice versa. Mapping functions exist for the total delay, the hydrostatic (sometimes incorrectly referred...

  12. The Global Food Safety Initiative and state actors. Paving the way for hybrid food safety governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Havinga, T.; Verbruggen, P.

    2017-01-01

    The Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) plays a central role in the adoption and coordination of private food safety standards. In this chapter we discuss and analyse the strategy of GFSI to engage with national and international governmental actors and vice versa, with a focus on developments in

  13. Doppler Effect Associated with the Reflection of Light on a Moving Mirror

    OpenAIRE

    Rothenstein, Bernhard; Damian, Ioan

    2005-01-01

    The Doppler Effect associated with the reflection on a moving mirror is reduced to two Doppler Effect experiments involving the incoming incident ray and the outgoing reflected ray or vice-versa. The dependence of the corresponding Doppler factors on the incidence angle on the stationary mirror.

  14. Comunicação como midiatização: os meios em meio à tecnologia, sociedade, linguagem, e vice-versa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Dornelles Pares

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available É possível dizer que o campo de estudos da comunicação, já perfeitamente instituído, permanece discutindo a natureza do conhecimento da sua área. Também é razoável afirmar que um campo de conhecimento deve possuir especificidades que o garantam como campo autônomo de estudos. Partindo destas premissas, este artigo pretende discutir de forma introdutória uma demarcação possível para o estudo da comunicação. Como alternativa, supõe a comunicação como um processo de midiatização. Para isso, considera a posição fundamental dos meios, aqui entendidos como meios eletro-tecnológicos de comunicação de massa, que permitem o acesso plural e simultâneo às mensagens que produz. A partir daí, as relações entre linguagem e sociedade que possibilitam.

  15. [From the Belle Époque to the city of vice: the fight against syphilis in Belém, Pará, 1921-1924].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrique, Márcio Couto; Amador, Luiza Helena Miranda

    2016-01-26

    This article analyzes the fight against syphilis in Belém, capital of the Brazilian state of Pará, between 1921 and 1924. When Instituto de Profilaxia e Doenças Venéreas (Institute for Prophylaxis and Venereal Diseases) was founded, headed by Dr. Heraclídes de Souza Araújo, many restrictions were imposed on prostitution in a bid to make prostitutes partners in the city's sanitation reform. The documents produced by the institute and published in newspapers of the day reveal the various clashes that occurred between doctors, the civil police force, and prostitutes, highlighting the prostitutes' attitudes to state intervention in their activities.

  16. Supersymmetry in the Fractional Quantum Hall Regime

    CERN Document Server

    Sagi, Eran

    2016-01-01

    Supersymmetry (SUSY) is a symmetry transforming bosons to fermions and vice versa. Indications of its existence have been extensively sought after in high-energy experiments. However, signatures of SUSY have yet to be detected. In this manuscript we propose a condensed matter realization of SUSY on the edge of a Read-Rezayi quantum Hall state, given by filling factors of the form $\

  17. Epigenetics of the locomotory system in zebrafish

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulen, van der T.

    2005-01-01

    Movements are important. When animals move, they exert mechanical load on their bodies and their muscles and bones respond by the generation of more tissue. Vice versa, a lack of movement will result in a decrease in bone and muscle tissue. During my PhD studies I have looked into the normal

  18. Book Review: Higher Education, Leadership and Women Vice Chancellors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela L. Eddy

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The paucity of women leaders in higher education continues despite advancement by women in other fronts of the educational pipeline.  Today, more women are attending and graduating from college in the United States, but something occurs en route to the top-level leadership positions in these same college settings.  The portrait of college leaders continues to consist of White men, as it has since the initial founding of universities.  Paula Burkinshaw analyzes the situation of the missing women leaders in the United Kingdom, specifically in the position of Vice Chancellor.  Burkinshaw’s long career in leadership development in university settings initially provided her with an awareness of the underrepresentation of women in top leadership positions.  As she began her doctoral studies, she had an opportunity to ask “where are the women?”  Her book builds on her dissertation research, which involved one-on-one interviews with 18 women who were vice chancellors.

  19. The Role of Polysemy in Masked Semantic and Translation Priming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkbeiner, Matthew; Forster, Kenneth; Nicol, Janet; Nakamura, Kumiko

    2004-01-01

    A well-known asymmetry exists in the bilingual masked priming literature in which lexical decision is used: namely, masked primes in the dominant language (L1) facilitate decision times on targets in the less dominant language (L2), but not vice versa. In semantic categorization, on the other hand, priming is symmetrical. In Experiments 1-3 we…

  20. Work Organisation and Qualifications in the Retail Sector. The Case of Micro-Enterprise. Synthesis Report. CEDEFOP Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, Wilfried; van den Tillaart, Harry; van den Berg, Sjaak; King, Richard

    Using the case study method, research was synthesized on micro-enterprises in Europe and the effects of changes in work organizations on employee qualifications and vice versa. The research focused on retail operations employing 10 or fewer staff. Five case studies were conducted in each of four member states of the European Union--Greece,…

  1. The Effect of Flipped Learning (Revised Learning) on Iranian Students' Learning Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousefzadeh, Malahat; Salimi, Asghar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the flipped (revised) learning had effect on student learning outcome. Lage et al (2000) describes the flipped classroom as " Inverting the classroom means that events that have traditionally take place inside the classroom now take place outside the class and vice versa" (p.32). The…

  2. The impact of a large-scale quality improvement programme on work engagement: Preliminary results from a national cross-sectional-survey of the 'Productive Ward'

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    White, Mark

    2014-05-14

    Quality improvement (QI) Programmes, like the Productive Ward: Releasing-time-to-care initiative, aim to \\'engage\\' and \\'empower\\' ward teams to actively participate, innovate and lead quality improvement at the front line. However, little is known about the relationship and impact that QI work has on the \\'engagement\\' of the clinical teams who participate and vice-versa.

  3. THE PORCINE, PALE, SOFT, EXUDATIVE MUSCLE CONDmON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ture at the time of death or slaughter results in the develop- ment of pale, soft, ... sequence of cellular reactions leading to the PSE state and vice versa. It might then ... has}ong been known that caffeine causes apersistent contrac- tion similar to ...

  4. Machine Learning: Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-07-01

    set of decisional policies. This criterion is a measure of the expected sum of the rewards along a trajectory, and policies are functions that...field of computer vision to benefit the field of machine learning and vice versa. Acknowledgements We thank Tomas Lozano-Perez, Eric Grimson, and

  5. On the Solar System-Debris Disk Connecction

    OpenAIRE

    Moro-Martin, Amaya

    2007-01-01

    This paper emphasizes the connection between solar and extra-solar debris disks: how models and observations of the Solar System are helping us understand the debris disk phenomenon, and vice versa, how debris disks are helping us place our Solar System into context.

  6. Kempe's Linkages and the Universality Theorem

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    sriranga

    for compliant and robotic systems. He is currently visiting RWTH-Aachen,. Germany. Inspired by James Watt's approximate straight line generator, kinematicians of the 19th cen- tury challenged themselves to design a mechani- cal device that could convert rotary motion into a perfect straight line and vice versa. Few in-.

  7. ON THE ARTIFICIAL SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS | Adelabu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An ideal material for opto-electronic applications as mentioned above should be able to transform light into current and vice-versa for emission and detection. The material should also exhibit large electronic and optical nonlinearities that would allow one to use it as a transistor and optical gate. These materials which are ...

  8. Newton-type method for the variational discretization of topology optimization problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evgrafov, Anton

    2013-01-01

    We present a locally quadratically convergent optimization algorithm for solving topology optimization problems. The distinguishing feature of the algorithm is to treat the design as a smooth function of the state and not vice versa as in the traditional nested approach to topology optimization, ...

  9. Art as a Guaranty of Sanity: The Skin I Live In

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laine, T.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how the body in Pedro Almodóvar’s The Skin I Live In (2011) is incorporated in artistic creation and vice versa. Drawing upon Paul Crowther’s notion of an internal relation between the artist’s experience and the work of art, it argues that the film communicates a vision of

  10. 17 October 2013 - C. Ashton High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice-President of the European Commission visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton; visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    17 October 2013 - C. Ashton High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice-President of the European Commission visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton; visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head F. Bordry and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

  11. Heart and/or soul : reality and fiction in the association between the two strongest contributors to the global burden of disease - ischemic heart disease and depression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jonge, Peter

    Depression and heart disease are the strongest contributors to the global burden of disease and are often intertwined: depression is a risk factor for heart disease and vice versa. Moreover, depression in patients with established heart disease is associated with cardiovascular disease progression.

  12. A Test of the Reciprocal-Effects Model of Academic Achievement and Academic Self-Concept in Regular Classes and Special Classes for the Gifted

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preckel, Franzis; Schmidt, Isabelle; Stumpf, Eva; Motschenbacher, Monika; Vogl, Katharina; Schneider, Wolfgang

    2017-01-01

    According to the reciprocal-effects model (REM), prior academic self-concept (ASC) has a positive effect on subsequent achievement beyond what can be explained in terms of prior achievement and vice versa. The present study investigated the REM for students studying in special classes for the gifted compared to students studying in regular…

  13. Variants in SULT2A1 affect the dhea sulphate to dhea ratio in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome but not the hyperandrogenic phenotype

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y.V. Louwers (Yvonne); F.H. de Jong (Frank); N.A.A. van Herwaarden (Nathalie); L. Stolk (Lisette); B.C.J.M. Fauser (Bart); A.G. Uitterlinden (André); J.S.E. Laven (Joop)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractContext: Because of the elevated dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the heritability of DHEAS serum levels, genes encoding the enzymes that control the sulfation of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) to DHEAS and vice versa are obvious

  14. Toward a Critique of the Information Age: Herbert Marcuse's Contribution to Information Science's Conceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cibangu, Sylvain K.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Just as we have created them, the new social media technologies have shaped every aspect of our societies. Meanwhile, information science has hardly addressed the ways in which these information technologies have shaped humans, and vice-versa. The major reason is the tendency and pressure to adjust (the needs of) humans to the ever…

  15. Instantaneous liquid release from a rail tanker: The influence of noise shields on pool shape and pool size

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosmuller, N.

    2009-01-01

    In the Netherlands, the Betuweline is a dedicated freight railway. It will, among other things, be used for transportation of all kinds of hazardous materials from the Port of Rotterdam to the German Hinterland and vice versa. The line is approximately 150 km long. Alongside the line, more than 100

  16. Seeing with the Mind: The Relationship Between Spatial Ability and Inferring Dynamic Behaviour from Graphs.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldhuis, G.A.; Korzilius, H.

    2016-01-01

    Research has shown that many individuals have difficulties solving tasks that involve a principal component of dynamic systems: accumulation. They incorrectly assume that the behavioural pattern of a stock resembles that of its flows and vice versa. This has become known as correlation heuristic

  17. Seeing with the Mind: The Relationship Between Spatial Ability and Inferring Dynamic Behaviour from Graphs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veldhuis, G.A.; Korzilius, H.P.L.M.

    2017-01-01

    Research has shown that many individuals have difficulties solving tasks that involve a principal component of dynamic systems: accumulation. They incorrectly assume that the behavioural pattern of a stock resembles that of its flows and vice versa. This has become known as correlation heuristic

  18. The Temporal Relation Between Pain and Depression : Results From the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilderink, Peter H.; Burger, Huibert; Deeg, Dorly J.; Beekman, Aartjan T.; Voshaar, Richard C. Oude

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Pain and depression are both common in old age, but their (long-term) temporal relationship remains unknown. This study is designed to determine whether pain predicts the onset of depression and vice versa. Methods: This is a prospective, population-based cohort study with 12-year

  19. The Evaluation of Second Language Fluency and Foreign Accent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chen-Huei

    2011-01-01

    What is second language fluency? What is a foreign accent? Is it possible for an adult second language learner to speak fluently with a heavy accent or vice versa? What factors contribute to the perception of fluency and a foreign accent? What acoustic attributes correlate with the perception of fluency and a foreign accent? To answer these…

  20. Effects of surface micro-geometry on the lift-off speed of an EHL contact

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masen, Marc Arthur; Venner, Cornelis H.; Lugt, P.M.; Lugt, Pieter Martin; Tripp, J.H.

    2002-01-01

    With decreasing speed the film thickness in an EHL contact decreases. Below a certain speed asperity contact will take place and gradually the contact enters the mixed lubrication regime. Vice-versa, with increasing speed beyond a certain speed the film thickness has reached a level where asperity

  1. 65 A Contrastive Study of the Phonology of Igbo and Yoruba Cecilia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Following the tenets of contrastive analysis (CA), these differences are presumed to constitute learning difficulties. ... findings of Contrastive analysis (CA), Igbo learners of. Yoruba, and vice versa, should ordinarily ... other in such areas as grammar, idiom, vocabulary, production of the sounds which make up the language, ...

  2. The Development and Validation of a Multiple-Choice Translation Test for ESL College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Banna, Adel Ibrahim

    The development and validation of a test of English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) proficiency are described. The measure is a multiple-choice test based on translation of a literary text from English to Arabic and vice versa. Intended for rapid student placement, it is seen as overcoming most of the defects inherent in traditional translation tests.…

  3. risk estimates of hiv and hbv infection to the dental operator via prick ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Intact skin provides an adequate barrier against transmission of microorganisms but existing lesions offer a por~ of entry. Through this entrance several diseases can pass in both directions, either from the patient to the operator, or vice versa. (1 ) Microorganisms can also invade the body via accidental.

  4. Critical Narrative Analysis: The Interplay of Critical Discourse and Narrative Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto-Manning, Mariana

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I question the micro-macro separation in discourse analysis, the separation of personal and institutional discourses. I apply a mostly macroanalytic perspective (critical discourse analysis [CDA]) to inform a predominantly microanalytic perspective (analysis of conversational narratives) and vice versa. In the combination of these…

  5. GÖBEKLI TEPE: AN OUTSTANDING PRE-POTTERY NEOLITHIC SITE IN THE GERMUŞ MOUNTAINS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kinzel, Moritz

    practices, thus implying that these communities had the knowledge, experience and social structures necessary for the realization of complex building projects. Following this discovery it was argued that the emergence of religion may have been an incentive for Neolithisation (and not vice versa...

  6. ANALYSIS OF THE LAW AGAINST CRIMINAL ACTS OF ELECTORAL DISTRICTS (Study of a general election the Mayor and Vice Mayor of Makassar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Abdul Hakim

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to know the effectiveness of the law enforcement against criminal cases in the general election for mayor of the city as well as the factors which affected analysis in this study using the method of the qualitative nature of the approach, that approach with a way to learn, pay attention to the quality and depth of the data obtained. After data analysis is finished, the results will be presented in a descriptive, i.e. with speak and describing what it is in accordance with the problems examined. The effectiveness of the law enforcement against criminal cases in the general election for mayor of the city is still very weak. The mechanism of reporting, and discussion of the results of the report on the level of integrated law enforcement (Gakkumdu, as well as the report of the examination to find out the criminal element in violation of 2005, Makassar city thus increasingly adds to the complicated handling of the crime in 2005. Factors that affect the police in tackling and dealing with criminal acts in 2005, in the city of Makassar is the length of the process of examination of an alleged criminal offence occurrence in 2005, has been with the examination report having to wait for the outcome of the recommendations of the report are Gakkumdu can be forwarded at the stage of investigation or not.

  7. Chemical Modification: an Effective Way of Avoiding the Collapse of SWNTs on Al Surface Revealed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xie, J.; Xue, Q. Z.; Yan, K. Y.

    2009-01-01

    basically maintain the cylindrical structure in our described systems. The results also show that, to avoid SWNTs collapse by chemical modification, the longer and larger SWNTs are, the more modification coverage SWNTs require. and vice versa. Our method allows potentially used modified SWNTs...

  8. Visual motion influences the contingent auditory motion aftereffect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vroomen, J.; de Gelder, B.

    2003-01-01

    In this study, we show that the contingent auditory motion aftereffect is strongly influenced by visual motion information. During an induction phase, participants listened to rightward-moving sounds with falling pitch alternated with leftward-moving sounds with rising pitch (or vice versa).

  9. The Importance of Connecting Open Innovation to Strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanhaverbeke, Wim; Roijakkers, Nadine; Lorenz, A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/173219721; Chesbrough, Henry W.

    2017-01-01

    Companies that are experienced in open innovation integrate open innovation activities as part of their strategy. By contrast, open innovation research has not been adequately integrated into the strategy literature and vice versa. In this chapter, we discuss a number of existing strategy fields

  10. The Interaction between Central and Peripheral Processes in Handwriting Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Sebastien; McKeeff, Thomas J.; Grosjacques, Geraldine; Afonso, Olivia; Kandel, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Written production studies investigating central processing have ignored research on the peripheral components of movement execution, and vice versa. This study attempts to integrate both approaches and provide evidence that central and peripheral processes interact during word production. French participants wrote regular words (e.g. FORME),…

  11. Homophone Dominance at the Whole-Word and Sub-Word Levels: Spelling Errors Suggest Full-Form Storage of Regularly Inflected Verb Forms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandra, Dominiek

    2010-01-01

    Two experiments and two corpus studies focus on homophone dominance in the spelling of regularly inflected verb forms, the phenomenon that the higher-frequency homophone causes more intrusion errors on the lower-frequency one than vice versa. Experiment 1 was a speeded dictation task focusing on the Dutch imperative, a verb form whose formation…

  12. 22 CFR 40.24 - Prostitution and commercialized vice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prostitution and commercialized vice. 40.24... Certain Crimes § 40.24 Prostitution and commercialized vice. (a) Activities within 10 years preceding visa... United States solely, principally, or incidentally to engage in prostitution, or has engaged in...

  13. 2nd September 2010 - Japanese Senior Vice-Minister of the Environment I. Tajima signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the ATLAS control room with physicists T. Kondo and H. Fukuda, Members of the ATLAS Collaboration and KEK.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    2nd September 2010 - Japanese Senior Vice-Minister of the Environment I. Tajima signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the ATLAS control room with physicists T. Kondo and H. Fukuda, Members of the ATLAS Collaboration and KEK.

  14. Report of ad hoc meeting of the Chairs, Vice-Chairs and Central Crop Database Managers of the ECPGR Solanaceae and Cucurbits Working Groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Díez Niclós, M.J.; Valcárcel, J.V.; Íñigo, A.G.; Dooijeweert, van W.; Menting, F.; Weerden, van der G.; Daunay, M.

    2013-01-01

    The scope of this two-day ad hoc meeting was to explore the possibility to abandon Central Crop Databases (CCDBs) and focus on EURISCO, in order to avoid duplication of data and working efforts. The main facilities of both systems were discussed. Current progress concerning the selection of Most

  15. Use of the Brandley-Terry Model to Quantify Association in Remotely Sensed Images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stein, A.; Aryal, J.; Gort, G.

    2005-01-01

    Thematic maps prepared from remotely sensed images require a statistical accuracy assessment. For this purpose, the$kappa$-statistic is often used. This statistic does not distinguish between whether one unit is classified as another, or vice versa. In this paper, the Bradley-Terry (BT) model is

  16. The unfolding of God's revelation in Hebrews 1:1–2a

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-24

    Jun 24, 2016 ... revelation is progressive, that his revelation in his Son is superior, climactic and final, and that. God's final revelation in his Son can only be understood within the context of his Old Testament revelation, and vice versa. The unfolding of God's revelation in Hebrews 1:1–2a. Read online: Scan this QR.

  17. Transfer of Short-Term Motor Learning across the Lower Limbs as a Function of Task Conception and Practice Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockel, Tino; Wang, Jinsung

    2011-01-01

    Interlimb transfer of motor learning, indicating an improvement in performance with one limb following training with the other, often occurs asymmetrically (i.e., from non-dominant to dominant limb or vice versa, but not both). In the present study, we examined whether interlimb transfer of the same motor task could occur asymmetrically and in…

  18. TB-HIV co-infection in the Netherlands: estimating prevalence and under-reporting in national registration databases using a capture-recapture analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Leth, Frank; Evenblij, Kirsten; Wit, Ferdinand; Kiers, Albert; Sprenger, Herman; Verhagen, Maurits; Hillebregt, Mariska; Kalisvaart, Nico; Schimmel, Henrieke; Verbon, Annelies

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge of the HIV status in patients with tuberculosis (TB) and vice versa is crucial for proper individual patient management, while knowledge of the prevalence of co-infection guides preventive and therapeutic strategies. The aim of the study was to assess if national disease databases on TB

  19. TB-HIV co-infection in the Netherlands : estimating prevalence and under-reporting in national registration databases using a capture-recapture analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Leth, Frank; Evenblij, Kirsten; Wit, Ferdinand; Kiers, Albert; Sprenger, Herman; Verhagen, Maurits; Hillebregt, Mariska; Kalisvaart, Nico; Schimmel, Henrieke; Verbon, Annelies

    Background Knowledge of the HIV status in patients with tuberculosis (TB) and vice versa is crucial for proper individual patient management, while knowledge of the prevalence of co-infection guides preventive and therapeutic strategies. The aim of the study was to assess if national disease

  20. Vehicle Infrastructure Cash-Flow Estimation--VICE 2.0; Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitchell, G.

    2015-04-02

    This presentation discusses the differences between the original Vehicle and Infrastructure Cash-Flow Evaluation (VICE) Model and the revamped version, VICE 2.0. The enhanced tool can now help assess projects to acquire vehicles and infrastructure, or to acquire vehicles only.

  1. 28th January 2011-Vice-President Max Planck Society-Prof. Martin Stratmann-Germany-visiting the ATLAS experimental area and the LHC Tunnel at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    Photo 1:ATLAS visitor Center with P. Jenni, ATLAS Collaboration former spokesperson Photo 2-10:visiting the ATLAS cavern Photo 10:D. Hoppe,P. Jenni,M. Stratmann,S. Bethke,S. Braun,D. Klammer Photo 11-15:visiting the LHC tunnel Photo 16-18:Signature of the Guest Book with S. Lettow,Director for Administration and General Infrastructure

  2. Response of the ice cap Hardangerjøkulen in southern Norway to the 20th and 21st century climates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giesen, R.H.; Oerlemans, J.

    2009-01-01

    Glacier mass balance changes lead to geometry changes and vice versa. To include this interdependence in the response of glaciers to climate change, models should include an interactive scheme coupling mass balance and ice dynamics. In this study, 5 we couple a spatially distributed mass balance

  3. Are School Characteristics Related to Equity? The Answer May Depend on a Country's Developmental Level. Policy Brief No. 10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Trude; Blömeke, Sigrid; Hansen, Kajsa Yang; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric

    2016-01-01

    In most countries, students' socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly related to their educational achievement: the higher a student's SES, the higher his or her achievement scores, and vice versa. This lack of equity in student outcomes is of great concern to policy makers because educational achievement should not depend on family background. This…

  4. The Incidence and Gastrointestinal Infectious Risk of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in a Healthy US AduIt PopuIation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    general mechanisms including gut - brain axis dysfunction, mucosal harrier disruption, gastrointesti- nal dysmotility, microbiota disturbances...applicable regulations gov- erning the protection of human subjects. FGD case identification a nd control selection The primary outcomes were select...also confers increased susceptibil- ity to IGE (and vice versa) because of some underlying mucosal barrier, microbiota , or immunological dysfunction

  5. Annual Research Review: Phenotypic and Causal Structure of Conduct Disorder in the Broader Context of Prevalent Forms of Psychopathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahey, Benjamin B.; Waldman, Irwin D.

    2012-01-01

    Background: A better understanding of the nature and etiology of conduct disorder (CD) can inform nosology and vice versa. We posit that any prevalent form of psychopathology, including CD, can be best understood if it is studied in the context of other correlated forms of child and adolescent psychopathology using formal models to guide inquiry.…

  6. Monitoring the Switching of Single BSA-ATTO 488 Molecules Covalently End-Attached to a pH-Responsive PAA Brush

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Akkilic, Namik; Molenaar, Robert; Claessens, Mireille Maria Anna Elisabeth; Blum, Christian; de Vos, Wiebe Matthijs

    2016-01-01

    We describe a novel combination of a responsive polymer brush and a fluorescently labeled biomolecule, where the position of the biomolecule can be switched from inside to outside the brush and vice versa by a change in pH. For this, we grafted ultrathin, amino-terminated poly(acrylic acid) brushes

  7. Acute kidney injury in children – not just for the nephrologist ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AKI from any cause increases the risk of CKD developing, and vice versa. There are absolute indications for renal replacement therapy, e.g. anuria, whereas other patients can be managed successfully conservatively. Keywords: acute kidney injury, AKI, children, fluid management, pRIFLE, renal replacement therapy ...

  8. Perceived Physical Appearance Mediates the Rumination and Bulimic Symptom Link in Adolescent Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holm-Denoma, Jill M.; Hankin, Benjamin L.

    2010-01-01

    The prospective relationship between initial rumination and subsequent bulimic symptoms, and vice versa, was examined, and possible mediators were tested in a community sample of 191 adolescent girls (M age = 14.5) at 3 different assessment time points. Path analyses indicated that Time 1 rumination predicted Time 3 bulimic symptoms, and vice…

  9. New data and an old puzzle : the negative association between schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, S Hong; Byrne, Enda M; Hultman, Christina M; Kähler, Anna; Vinkhuyzen, Anna Ae; Ripke, Stephan; Andreassen, Ole A; Frisell, Thomas; Gusev, Alexander; Hu, Xinli; Karlsson, Robert; Mantzioris, Vasilis X; McGrath, John J; Mehta, Divya; Stahl, Eli A; Zhao, Qiongyi; Kendler, Kenneth S; Sullivan, Patrick F; Price, Alkes L; O'Donovan, Michael; Okada, Yukinori; Mowry, Bryan J; Raychaudhuri, Soumya; Wray, Naomi R; Byerley, William; Cahn, Wiepke; Cantor, Rita M; Cichon, Sven; Cormican, Paul; Curtis, David; Djurovic, Srdjan; Escott-Price, Valentina; Gejman, Pablo V; Georgieva, Lyudmila; Giegling, Ina; Hansen, Thomas F; Ingason, Andrés; Kim, Yunjung; Konte, Bettina; Lee, Phil H; McIntosh, Andrew; McQuillin, Andrew; Morris, Derek W; Nöthen, Markus M; O'Dushlaine, Colm; Olincy, Ann; Olsen, Line; Pato, Carlos N; Pato, Michele T; Pickard, Benjamin S; Posthuma, Danielle; Rasmussen, Henrik B; Rietschel, Marcella; Rujescu, Dan; Schulze, Thomas G; Silverman, Jeremy M; Thirumalai, Srinivasa; Werge, Thomas; Agartz, Ingrid; Amin, Farooq; Azevedo, Maria H; Bass, Nicholas; Black, Donald W; Blackwood, Douglas H R; Bruggeman, Richard; Buccola, Nancy G; Choudhury, Khalid; Cloninger, Robert C; Corvin, Aiden; Craddock, Nicholas; Daly, Mark J; Datta, Susmita; Donohoe, Gary J; Duan, Jubao; Dudbridge, Frank; Fanous, Ayman; Freedman, Robert; Freimer, Nelson B; Friedl, Marion; Gill, Michael; Gurling, Hugh; De Haan, Lieuwe; Hamshere, Marian L; Hartmann, Annette M; Holmans, Peter A; Kahn, René S; Keller, Matthew C; Kenny, Elaine; Kirov, George K; Krabbendam, Lydia; Krasucki, Robert; Lawrence, Jacob; Lencz, Todd; Levinson, Douglas F; Lieberman, Jeffrey A; Lin, Dan-Yu; Linszen, Don H; Magnusson, Patrik Ke; Maier, Wolfgang; Malhotra, Anil K; Mattheisen, Manuel; Mattingsdal, Morten; McCarroll, Steven A; Medeiros, Helena; Melle, Ingrid; Milanova, Vihra; Myin-Germeys, Inez; Neale, Benjamin M; Ophoff, Roel A; Owen, Michael J; Pimm, Jonathan; Purcell, Shaun M; Puri, Vinay; Quested, Digby J; Rossin, Lizzy; Ruderfer, Douglas; Sanders, Alan R; Shi, Jianxin; Sklar, Pamela; St Clair, David; Scott Stroup, T; Van Os, Jim; Visscher, Peter M; Wiersma, Durk; Zammit, Stanley; Louis Bridges, S; Choi, Hyon K; Coenen, Marieke Jh; de Vries, Niek; Dieud, Philippe; Greenberg, Jeffrey D; Huizinga, Tom Wj; Padyukov, Leonid; Siminovitch, Katherine A; Tak, Paul P; Worthington, Jane; De Jager, Philip L; Denny, Joshua C; Gregersen, Peter K; Klareskog, Lars; Mariette, Xavier; Plenge, Robert M; van Laar, Mart; van Riel, Piet

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A long-standing epidemiological puzzle is the reduced rate of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in those with schizophrenia (SZ) and vice versa. Traditional epidemiological approaches to determine if this negative association is underpinned by genetic factors would test for reduced rates of one

  10. New data and an old puzzle: the negative association between schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lee, S. Hong; Byrne, Enda M.; Hultman, Christina M.; Kähler, Anna; Vinkhuyzen, Anna A. E.; Ripke, Stephan; Andreassen, Ole A.; Frisell, Thomas; Gusev, Alexander; Hu, Xinli; Karlsson, Robert; Mantzioris, Vasilis X.; McGrath, John J.; Mehta, Divya; Stahl, Eli A.; Zhao, Qiongyi; Kendler, Kenneth S.; Sullivan, Patrick F.; Price, Alkes L.; O'Donovan, Michael; Okada, Yukinori; Mowry, Bryan J.; Raychaudhuri, Soumya; Wray, Naomi R.; Byerley, William; Cahn, Wiepke; Cantor, Rita M.; Cichon, Sven; Cormican, Paul; Curtis, David; Djurovic, Srdjan; Escott-Price, Valentina; Gejman, Pablo V.; Georgieva, Lyudmila; Giegling, Ina; Hansen, Thomas F.; Ingason, Andrés; Kim, Yunjung; Konte, Bettina; Lee, Phil H.; McIntosh, Andrew; McQuillin, Andrew; Morris, Derek W.; Nöthen, Markus M.; O'Dushlaine, Colm; Olincy, Ann; Olsen, Line; Pato, Carlos N.; Pato, Michele T.; Pickard, Benjamin S.; Posthuma, Danielle; Rasmussen, Henrik B.; Rietschel, Marcella; Rujescu, Dan; Schulze, Thomas G.; Silverman, Jeremy M.; Thirumalai, Srinivasa; Werge, Thomas; Agartz, Ingrid; Amin, Farooq; Azevedo, Maria H.; Bass, Nicholas; Black, Donald W.; Blackwood, Douglas H. R.; Bruggeman, Richard; Buccola, Nancy G.; Choudhury, Khalid; Cloninger, Robert C.; Corvin, Aiden; Craddock, Nicholas; Daly, Mark J.; Datta, Susmita; Donohoe, Gary J.; Duan, Jubao; Dudbridge, Frank; Fanous, Ayman; Freedman, Robert; Freimer, Nelson B.; Friedl, Marion; Gill, Michael; Gurling, Hugh; de Haan, Lieuwe; Hamshere, Marian L.; Hartmann, Annette M.; Holmans, Peter A.; Kahn, René S.; Keller, Matthew C.; Kenny, Elaine; Kirov, George K.; Krabbendam, Lydia; Krasucki, Robert; Lawrence, Jacob; Lencz, Todd; Levinson, Douglas F.; Lieberman, Jeffrey A.; Lin, Dan-Yu; Linszen, Don H.; Magnusson, Patrik K. E.; Maier, Wolfgang; Malhotra, Anil K.; Mattheisen, Manuel; Mattingsdal, Morten; McCarroll, Steven A.; Medeiros, Helena; Melle, Ingrid; Milanova, Vihra; Myin-Germeys, Inez; Neale, Benjamin M.; Ophoff, Roel A.; Owen, Michael J.; Pimm, Jonathan; Purcell, Shaun M.; Puri, Vinay; Quested, Digby J.; Rossin, Lizzy; Ruderfer, Douglas; Sanders, Alan R.; Shi, Jianxin; Sklar, Pamela; St Clair, David; Stroup, T. Scott; van Os, Jim; Visscher, Peter M.; Wiersma, Durk; Zammit, Stanley; Bridges, S. Louis; Choi, Hyon K.; Coenen, Marieke J. H.; de Vries, Niek; Dieud, Philippe; Greenberg, Jeffrey D.; Huizinga, Tom W. J.; Padyukov, Leonid; Siminovitch, Katherine A.; Tak, Paul P.; Worthington, Jane; de Jager, Philip L.; Denny, Joshua C.; Gregersen, Peter K.; Klareskog, Lars; Mariette, Xavier; Plenge, Robert M.; van Laar, Mart; van Riel, Piet

    2015-01-01

    Background: A long-standing epidemiological puzzle is the reduced rate of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in those with schizophrenia (SZ) and vice versa. Traditional epidemiological approaches to determine if this negative association is underpinned by genetic factors would test for reduced rates of one

  11. Essays on the relations between European police forces and their stakeholders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barlage, M.

    2014-01-01

    In a dynamic world where societies and crimes are growing more complex, we see that police organisations increasingly reach out to stakeholders, and vice versa. In this thesis we try to learn more about stakeholder management in police organisations. On the one hand, we do this to attempt to close

  12. The association of behavioural and emotional problems with tobacco use in adolescence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crone, M.R.; Reijneveld, S.A.

    2007-01-01

    Smoking is a highly addictive behaviour, often initiated during adolescence. It is suggested that smoking is associated with behavioural and emotional problems. This study aims to assess the impact of psychosocial problems on smoking initiation and vice versa. Method: We obtained data on

  13. A longitudinal study of the association between compulsive Internet use and wellbeing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muusses, L.D.; Finkenauer, C.; Kerkhof, P.; Billedo, C

    2014-01-01

    Objective Compulsive Internet Use (CIU) has been linked to lower wellbeing, especially among adolescents. Yet, questions regarding the directionality of this association remain unanswered: CIU may influence wellbeing and vice versa. Theoretically, both directions are plausible, yet so far no studies

  14. Exploring the Reading-Writing Connection: A Yearlong Classroom-Based Experimental Study of Middle School Students Developing Literacy in a New Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Juhee; Schallert, Diane L.

    2016-01-01

    A yearlong classroom-based intervention was designed to explore the reading-writing connection in second-language literacy by examining whether the development of reading improves writing and vice versa. Middle school learners of English as a foreign language (N = 300) in South Korea were assigned to three treatments that involved extensive…

  15. Intended and unintended effects of policy measures aimed at promoting net neutrality: an examination of the value chain for video distribution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nooren, P.; Leurdijk, A.; van Eijk, N.

    2012-01-01

    Net neutrality has, for a number of years, been a topic of often heated discussion in the Internet and telecom community. Net neutrality, in essence, requires that Internet users have open access to content and applications on the Internet, and, vice versa, that providers of applications can reach

  16. To What Degree Does Handling Concrete Molecular Models Promote the Ability to Translate and Coordinate between 2D and 3D Molecular Structure Representations? A Case Study with Algerian Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed-Salah, Boukhechem; Alain, Dumon

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to assess whether the handling of concrete ball-and-stick molecular models promotes translation between diagrammatic representations and a concrete model (or vice versa) and the coordination of the different types of structural representations of a given molecular structure. Forty-one Algerian undergraduate students were requested…

  17. A Clash of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Processes in Visual Search: The Reversed Letter Effect Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhaoping, Li; Frith, Uta

    2011-01-01

    It is harder to find the letter "N" among its mirror reversals than vice versa, an inconvenient finding for bottom-up saliency accounts based on primary visual cortex (V1) mechanisms. However, in line with this account, we found that in dense search arrays, gaze first landed on either target equally fast. Remarkably, after first landing,…

  18. The CSR-Quality Trade-Off: When can Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Ability Compensate Each Other?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.A.J.M. Berens (Guido); C.B.M. van Riel (Cees); J. van Rekom (Johan)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates under what conditions a good corporate social responsibility (CSR) can compensate for a relatively poor corporate ability (CA) (quality), and vice versa. The authors conducted an experiment among business administration students, in which information about a

  19. 31st August 2011 - Government of Japan R. Chubachi, Executive Member of the Council for Science and Technology Policy, Cabinet Office, Vice Chairman, Representative Corporate Executive Officer and Member of the Board, Sony Corporation, visiting the ATLAS experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Senior physicist T. Kondo.

    CERN Multimedia

    Raphaël Piguet

    2011-01-01

    31st August 2011 - Government of Japan R. Chubachi, Executive Member of the Council for Science and Technology Policy, Cabinet Office, Vice Chairman, Representative Corporate Executive Officer and Member of the Board, Sony Corporation, visiting the ATLAS experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Senior physicist T. Kondo.

  20. 30 August 2013 - Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs in Japan M. Matsuyama signing the guest book with CERN Director-General; visit the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with former ATLAS Japan national contact physicist T. Kondo. R. Voss and K. Yoshida present throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    30 August 2013 - Senior Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs in Japan M. Matsuyama signing the guest book with CERN Director-General; visit the ATLAS experimental cavern with ATLAS Spokesperson D. Charlton and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with former ATLAS Japan national contact physicist T. Kondo. R. Voss and K. Yoshida present throughout.

  1. 19 April 2013 - The University of Chicago Vice President for Research and for National Laboratories D. H. Levy signing the guest book with CERN Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers; in the LHC tunnel with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by US CMS J. Butler. Mrs Levy and Mrs Butler took part.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    19 April 2013 - The University of Chicago Vice President for Research and for National Laboratories D. H. Levy signing the guest book with CERN Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers; in the LHC tunnel with L. Bottura; throughout accompanied by US CMS J. Butler. Mrs Levy and Mrs Butler took part.

  2. The effect of generic switching on concerns about medicine and non-persistence among Danish adults in a general practice setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard Rathe, Jette

    in brand-name, form, size, colour and taste. Speculations have been raised as to whether these medication changes between generic brands or from brand-name drugs to generics or vice versa may cause patient concerns. Qualitative studies have shown problems in recognising the substituted medicine and lack...

  3. Dosimetric validation of Monaco treatment planning system on an Elekta VersaHD linear accelerator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanasamy, Ganesh; Saenz, Daniel L; Defoor, Dewayne; Papanikolaou, Niko; Stathakis, Sotirios

    2017-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to perform dosimetric validation of Monaco treatment planning system version 5.1. The Elekta VersaHD linear accelerator with high dose rate flattening filter-free photon modes and electron energies was used in this study. The dosimetric output of the new Agility head combined with the FFF photon modes warranted this investigation into the dosimetric accuracy prior to clinical usage. A model of the VersaHD linac was created in Monaco TPS by Elekta using commissioned beam data including percent depth dose curves, beam profiles, and output factors. A variety of 3D conformal fields were created in Monaco TPS on a combined Plastic water/Styrofoam phantom and validated against measurements with a calibrated ion chamber. Some of the parameters varied including source to surface distance, field size, wedges, gantry angle, and depth for all photon and electron energies. In addition, a series of step and shoot IMRT, VMAT test plans, and patient plans on various anatomical sites were verified against measurements on a Delta 4 diode array. The agreement in point dose measurements was within 2% for all photon and electron energies in the homogeneous phantom and within 3% for photon energies in the heterogeneous phantom. The mean ± SD gamma passing rates of IMRT test fields yielded 93.8 ± 4.7% based on 2% dose difference and 2 mm distance-to-agreement criteria. Eight previously treated IMRT patient plans were replanned in Monaco TPS and five measurements on each yielded an average gamma passing rate of 95% with 6.7% confidence limit based on 3%, 3 mm gamma criteria. This investigation on dosimetric validation ensures accuracy of modeling VersaHD linac in Monaco TPS thereby improving patient safety. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of Physicists in Medicine.

  4. A Collision of Vice and Virtue in Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles: "A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented" or a Fallen Angel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Nafiseh Salman; Abbasi, Pyeaam

    2014-01-01

    Heralded as a sympathizer with the oppressed nineteenth century femininity, Thomas Hardy adopted an aggressive stance towards the institutionalized codes of the time, particularly the ideal of femininity which results in presenting him as one of the promethean forerunners of "New Woman" fiction. His outspoken attitudes are tangible in…

  5. A Collision of Vice and Virtue in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles: “A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented” or a Fallen Angel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nafiseh Salman Saleh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Heralded as a sympathizer with the oppressed nineteenth century femininity, Thomas Hardy adopted an aggressive stance towards the institutionized codes of the time particularly the ideal of femininity which results in presenting him as one of the promethean forerunners of “New Woman” fiction. His outspoken attitudes are tangible in his fictional prose where he valiantly tries to challenge the Victorian ideals of femininity. By creating non-conformist heroines, Hardy took the first step to move away from the constitutionalized codes of the time particularly on behalf of femininity. In effect, Hardy valiantly tries to challenge the Victorian ideological discourse of femininity through spotlighting on his fictional women’s flaws which comes into conflict with the time’s conception of a pure woman. Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891, as a typical example of his fiction, is representative of Hardy’s vision towards the Victorian ideal of femininity through the “Fallen” Tess. This paper is an attempt to re-read Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles to explore the Victorian ideal conception of femininity first and, then, an attempt has been made to delineate the discrepancy between Hardy’s perceptions of a “Fallen Woman” in contrast with the Victorian’s. This paper, finally, concludes that although Hardy’s genuine commiseration towards the “Fallen Woman” shows close affinity with the radical feminist notions of the day, Tess’s sheer misery and her final tragic death in Stonehenge attest to Hardy’s substantial contribution as a Victorian male novelist to the ideologies circulating at the time.

  6. 19th February 2010: Uppsala University Vice Chancellor A. Hallberg signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci (right) and Uppsala University Professor of Elementary Particle Physics and Chairman of the Swedish LHC Consortium T. Ekelöf.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2010-01-01

    Other members of the Uppsala University delegation: Vice Rector J.Nordgren; Director A. Fust and Physics Faculty Dean U. Danielsson. Visiting the Superconducting magnet test hall and CTF3 Facility with CLIC Collaboration and Uppsala University R. Ruber; in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Resources Manager M. Nordberg.

  7. Lunch hosted by Professor Sissakian, vice-director of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna to Gordon Fraser and Jim Allaby.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    who are retiring from CERN, were presented with diplomas of honour. Allaby co-chaired the CERN-JINR joint scientific committee for many years and Fraser is editor of the CERN Courier until January 2002.

  8. 21 June 2010 - TUBITAK Vice President A. Adli signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer, visiting the ATLAS control room at Point 1 with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and CMS Control Centre, building 354, with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli. Throughout accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    21 June 2010 - TUBITAK Vice President A. Adli signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer, visiting the ATLAS control room at Point 1 with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and CMS Control Centre, building 354, with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli. Throughout accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis.

  9. 6 March 2013 - Committee for Employment and Learning, Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the LHC tunnel and visiting the LHCb experiment at LHC Point 8. Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers with Vice-Chair T. Buchanan.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    6 March 2013 - Committee for Employment and Learning, Northern Ireland Legislative Assembly, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the LHC tunnel and visiting the LHCb experiment at LHC Point 8. Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers with Vice-Chair T. Buchanan.

  10. 17 January 2014 - Y. Sakurada Japanese Senior Vice Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head J.M. Jiménez. Head of International Relations R. Voss present throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Pantelia, Anna

    2014-01-01

    17 January 2014 - Y. Sakurada Japanese Senior Vice Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head J.M. Jiménez. Head of International Relations R. Voss present throughout.

  11. 24 January 2012 - British Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge Sir Leszek Borysiewicz signing the guest book with CERN Director-General, visiting ATLAS experimental area with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton and Sm18 with engineer R. Veness.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    24 January 2012 - British Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge Sir Leszek Borysiewicz signing the guest book with CERN Director-General, visiting ATLAS experimental area with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton and Sm18 with engineer R. Veness.

  12. 21 January 2008 - Vice-President of the Human Rights Commission Z. Muhsin Al Hussein, Ambassador to United Nations A. Attar and their delegation from Saudi Arabia, visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Technical Coordinator M. Nessi.

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2008-01-01

    21 January 2008 - Vice-President of the Human Rights Commission Z. Muhsin Al Hussein, Ambassador to United Nations A. Attar and their delegation from Saudi Arabia, visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and Technical Coordinator M. Nessi.

  13. 1st September 2010 - British Vice-Chancellor, Liverpool University Sir Newby and Lady Newby signing the Guest Book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with P. Cruikshank; accompanied by Beams Department Head P. Collier and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and P. Allport.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    1st September 2010 - British Vice-Chancellor, Liverpool University Sir Newby and Lady Newby signing the Guest Book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss; visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with P. Cruikshank; accompanied by Beams Department Head P. Collier and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and P. Allport.

  14. 11 July 2011 - Carleton University Ottawa, Canada Vice President (Research and International) K. Matheson in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti, accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis and signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    11 July 2011 - Carleton University Ottawa, Canada Vice President (Research and International) K. Matheson in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti, accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis and signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

  15. 19 January 2011 - Korean Vice Minister II of Education, Science and Technology K.Chang-Kyung with Adviser R. Voss, Director-General R. Heuer and head of International Relations F. Pauss; in the LHC tunnel at Point 5 and CMS experimental cavern with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    Korean vice-minister II of education, science and technology, Kim Chang-Kyung, visiting the CMS experimental area at CERN on 19 January. He also had the opportunity to view part of the LHC tunnel, as well as to visit the CERN Control Centre.

  16. 23rd May 2011 - University of Liverpool Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Public Orator K. Everest (UK) Mrs Everest in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton, in LHCb surface building with Collaboration Spokesperson A. Golutvin, accompanied throughout by P. Wells and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and M. Klein.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilen Brice

    2011-01-01

    23rd May 2011 - University of Liverpool Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Public Orator K. Everest (UK) Mrs Everest in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton, in LHCb surface building with Collaboration Spokesperson A. Golutvin, accompanied throughout by P. Wells and Liverpool University T. Bowcock and M. Klein.

  17. 30 January 2012 - Ecuadorian Ambassador Gallegos Chiriboga, Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office and other International Organisations at Geneva and San Francisco de Quito University Vice Chancellor C. Montùfar visiting CMS surface facilities and underground experimental area with CMS Collaboration L. Sulak and Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Camporesi, throughout accompanied by Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Michael Hoch

    2012-01-01

    30 January 2012 - Ecuadorian Ambassador Gallegos Chiriboga, Permanent Representative to the United Nations Office and other International Organisations at Geneva and San Francisco de Quito University Vice Chancellor C. Montùfar visiting CMS surface facilities and underground experimental area with CMS Collaboration L. Sulak and Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Camporesi, throughout accompanied by Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

  18. 15 January 2010 - Vice-Chancellor & Chief Executive C. Snowden, University of Surrey, United Kingdom and Mrs Snowden visiting ALICE exhibition and experimental undeground area with Collabortion Spokesperson J. Schukraft and Beams Department Head P. Collier; Signature of the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    15 January 2010 - Vice-Chancellor & Chief Executive C. Snowden, University of Surrey, United Kingdom and Mrs Snowden visiting ALICE exhibition and experimental undeground area with Collabortion Spokesperson J. Schukraft and Beams Department Head P. Collier; Signature of the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

  19. 16 December 2013 - Hooke Professor of Experimental Physics and Pro Vice Chancellor University of Oxford Prof. I. Walmsley visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Wengler, Physics Department, ATLAS Collaboration P. Wells and Chair, CMS Collaboration Board, Oxford University and Purdue University I. Shipsey

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    16 December 2013 - Hooke Professor of Experimental Physics and Pro Vice Chancellor University of Oxford Prof. I. Walmsley visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson T. Wengler, Physics Department, ATLAS Collaboration P. Wells and Chair, CMS Collaboration Board, Oxford University and Purdue University I. Shipsey

  20. Virus-Induced Chaperone-Enriched (VICE domains function as nuclear protein quality control centers during HSV-1 infection.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine M Livingston

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Virus-Induced Chaperone-Enriched (VICE domains form adjacent to nuclear viral replication compartments (RC during the early stages of HSV-1 infection. Between 2 and 3 hours post infection at a MOI of 10, host protein quality control machinery such as molecular chaperones (e.g. Hsc70, the 20S proteasome and ubiquitin are reorganized from a diffuse nuclear distribution pattern to sequestration in VICE domains. The observation that VICE domains contain putative misfolded proteins suggests that they may be similar to nuclear inclusion bodies that form under conditions in which the protein quality control machinery is overwhelmed by the presence of misfolded proteins. The detection of Hsc70 in VICE domains, but not in nuclear inclusion bodies, indicates that Hsc70 is specifically reorganized by HSV-1 infection. We hypothesize that HSV-1 infection induces the formation of nuclear protein quality control centers to remodel or degrade aberrant nuclear proteins that would otherwise interfere with productive infection. Detection of proteolytic activity in VICE domains suggests that substrates may be degraded by the 20S proteasome in VICE domains. FRAP analysis reveals that GFP-Hsc70 is dynamically associated with VICE domains, suggesting a role for Hsc70 in scanning the infected nucleus for misfolded proteins. During 42 degrees C heat shock, Hsc70 is redistributed from VICE domains into RC perhaps to remodel viral replication and regulatory proteins that have become insoluble in these compartments. The experiments presented in this paper suggest that VICE domains are nuclear protein quality control centers that are modified by HSV-1 to promote productive infection.

  1. Perspectives of UK Vice-Chancellors on Leading Universities in a Knowledge-Based Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosetti, Lynn; Walker, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This paper draws upon the experiences and perceptions of ten university vice-chancellors in the United Kingdom on the challenges they face in providing leadership and strategic direction for their institutions into the twenty-first century. The paper reveals the perceptions and spoken words of these leaders as they identify the key challenges…

  2. Dr Jung Hyun KIM Vice Minister for Education, Science and Technology MEST Republic of Korea

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2010-01-01

    He learnt about CERN's LHC computing grid project from Frédéric Hemmer, head of the information technology department. In addition, the vice-minister toured the ATLAS visitor centre, the CMS control centre, the ALICE experiment's exhibition and control room, and he met Korean scientists at CERN.

  3. Am I Their Cup of Tea? Vice-Principals' Perception of Suitability for Principalship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwan, Paula

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to address the principal shortage issue from the concept of fit perceived by job applicants. It links vice-principals' perception of suitability for principalship to their conception of how well they can match with the selection criteria set out by school hiring bodies. Based on evidence collected from aspiring principals in…

  4. Effects of Vice-Principals' Psychological Empowerment on Job Satisfaction and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schermuly, Carsten C.; Schermuly, Rene A.; Meyer, Bertolt

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment, job satisfaction, and burnout among vice-principals (VPs) in primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 103 VPs at 103 different primary schools in Germany were surveyed with a questionnaire that assessed the four dimensions of psychological…

  5. Dr Andrea Granelli, Vice President, Telecom Italia

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Photo 06: Dr Andrea Granelli, Chief Executive Officer, Telecom Italia Lab (second from right) visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with (from left to right) M. Cecchi , F. Gagliardi and G. Cavallari. Photo 15: Dr Andrea Granelli, Chief Executive Officer, Telecom Italia Lab (left) visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with (from left to right) M. Cecchi and G. Cavallari.

  6. Intervista Roberto Battiston, vice-portavoce AMS

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2011-01-01

    "L'universo è un'acceleratore di raggi cosmici che non è mai in shut down!"Commento sulla prima fase di funzionamento di AMS, a due mesi dal lancio nello spazio e dall'installazione sulla Stazione Spaziale Internazionale, con un flusso ininterrotto di dati: 100 milioni di trigger alla settimana.(2'19) Rest of video: rushes of the AMS POCC (Payload and Operations Control Centre) at CERN - Prevessin site.

  7. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    ... to 2017-10-13. Destination(s):. Cairo, Egypt. Airfare: $4,512.88. Other. Transportation: $118.45. Accommodation: $494.52. Meals and. Incidentals: $300.00. Other: $114.20. Total: $5,540.05. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  8. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    BB

    2017-06-11 to 2017-06-14. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $170.23. Accommodation: $793.75. Meals and. Incidentals: $103.67. Other: $0.00. Total: $1,067.65. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  9. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    2017-11-14 to 2017-11-15. Destination(s):. Calgary. Airfare: $468.90. Other. Transportation: $118.90. Accommodation: $223.42. Meals and. Incidentals: $116.64. Other: $46.00. Total: $973.86. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  10. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    BB

    Destination(s):. Guatemala/Honduras. Airfare: $3,069.59. Other. Transportation: $317.65. Accommodation: $2,136.60. Meals and. Incidentals: $532.40. Other: $0.00. Total: $6,056.24. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  11. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chantal Taylor

    Date(s):. 2017-10-27. Destination(s):. Montreal. Airfare: $0.00. Other. Transportation: $315.96. Accommodation: $0.00. Meals and. Incidentals: $25.92. Other: $16.00. Total: $357.88. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  12. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Destination(s):. Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Airfare: $5,885.73. Other. Transportation: $70.60. Accommodation: $2,983.48. Meals and. Incidentals: $1,053.24. Other: $334.93. Total: $10,327.98. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette, Vice-President, Corporate Strategy and Communications.

  13. THE COMPLIMENTS AND THE COMPLIMENT RESPONSES USED BY THE CHARACTERS IN WHAT WOMEN WANT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Nova

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to reveal the type of compliments and the compliment responses produced by the main female character that is superior and on the responses produced by the main male character that is subordinate in the movie What Women Want. Finally, the research came up with the result that social status and gender did not always influence the way the main female superior character gave compliments toward the main male subordinate character and vice versa.

  14. Spatial dynamics in the experience economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The volume consists of 14 chapters, each presenting original research contributions. The book explores the dynamics of place, location and territories related to the experience economy. Three overall perspectives permeate the contributions of the book. The first is related to innovation...... and innovation processes in the experience economy. The second is related to the governance of experiential innnovation and development. The third is the role of place in creating experiential value and vice versa....

  15. After the Higgs: status and prospects of the electroweak fit of the SM and beyond -- with Gfitter

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2013-01-01

    models are also obtained, through an analysis of the so-called oblique parameters. We discuss the impact of the electroweak fit on Higgs coupling studies and vice versa. Future measurements at the Large Hadron Collider and the International Linear Collider promise to improve the experimental precision of key observables used in the fit. We present the prospects of the global electroweak fit in view of these improvements.

  16. ANALYSIS OF THE CAPITAL MARKET IN CROATIA

    OpenAIRE

    Maja Buljat; Zoran Ivanovic; Suzana Baresa

    2015-01-01

    The financial crisis that began in 2008 in the USA turned into a global economic crisis in a short time. As such, it had a big impact on the financial stability of Croatia, primarily on capital market. Capital market includes securities trading, primarily stocks and bonds, whose market value is influenced by the market capitalization of capital market and vice versa. Macro economically, market capitalization had an influence on the fall in the value of the entire capital market, a...

  17. The Quality of Mixing in Mixers with Bars and Radial and Longitudinal Scrapers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrievschi Serghei

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The process of division - combining of streams in mixers with bars and radial and longitudinal scrapers was studied. The number of unique streams that are formed after passing each row of longitudinal bars and the total amount of them were determined. This is demonstrated by migration of the particles along the mixer from left to right and vice versa, from the center of the drum towards the periphery and vice versa. In the process of mixing the particles in the center gain normal distribution and the ones on the side - sectioned normal distribution. The sum of normal distribution with the sectioned normal distribution leads to an equable distribution along the drum and transverse planes and to a homogeneous mixing of the components. The quality of mixing had been investigated and an optimal mixing regime for the mixer with radial and longitudinal bars and scrapers was proposed.

  18. The Influence of Midshipmen Leadership on Morale at the United States Naval Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    leadership and morale. The first theory that deserves attention is the Mayo Theory. Medalia and Miller (1955) provide an in-depth review of Elton ...and Miller, 1955). According to Mayo : the modern work leader or administrator must concern him or herself explicitly and continuously with the...yield high morale and vice versa. The Mayo Theory is consistent with the central hypothesis of this research that midshipmen morale is influenced

  19. The bold and the beautiful!!! : The influence of dental malocclusion and orthodontic problems on ′Social Phobia (Shyness′ and ′Self-Esteem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valid Nikhilesh

    2010-01-01

    Results revealed that orthodontic problems had a significant influence over subjects′ social phobia and self-esteem.Higher the degree of dentalmalocclusion,more was the socialphobia and lesser the self-esteem. In essence, the BEAUTIFUL, were indeed BOLD in their social conduct and vice-versa. The study comprehensively indicates that orthodontic therapy not only influences the appearance of a person,but also manifests changes in his personality, that are positive.

  20. Family influences on the career life cycle

    OpenAIRE

    Beauregard, T. Alexandra

    2007-01-01

    This chapter examines the myriad ways in which one’s family and personal life can impact an individual’s career. A review of some of the key research literature reveals that career choice is influenced by an individual’s values, attitudes, and expectations concerning how work should be balanced with the rest of life. Individuals are also susceptible to influence from their families of origin with regard to occupational choice and prioritizing work over family, or vice versa. Career opportunit...

  1. Matter and antimatter: the two arrows of time

    OpenAIRE

    Villata, Massimo

    2009-01-01

    Antiparticles may be interpreted as ordinary particles travelling backwards in time and the two descriptions are considered equivalent, at least in special relativity and relativistic quantum mechanics. It is suggested that, vice versa, the discovery of antimatter should be the confirmation that our world is "endowed" with two opposite time-arrows and such a description could be more useful and convenient from the point of view of the understanding of the world itself, at least for a simple r...

  2. GUIDELINE THE RECRUITMENT PROCESS THROUGH INTERCULTURALITY USING INFORMATION SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    Beniamin G. BOŞCAI; Dănăiaţă, Doina

    2014-01-01

    Building strategic partnerships between organizations from different countries, opening the borders and increasing the possibilities of emigration in Europe determined the appearance of a large number of employees with different cultural backgrounds in organizations. Relating to interculturality, information systems have a crucial role by establishing the link between the recruiter and candidate, and vice versa. It represents a communication bridge, relating the two cultures, employer’s cu...

  3. Corruption and the Shadow Economy: An Empirical Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Dreher, Axel; Friedrich G. Schneider

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the influence of the shadow economy on corruption and vice versa. We hypothesize that corruption and the shadow economy are substitutes in high income countries while they are complements in low income countries. The hypotheses are tested for a cross-section of 98 countries. Our results show that there is no robust relationship between corruption and the size of the shadow economy when perceptions-based indices of corruption are used. Employing an index of corruption based...

  4. The bacteremia of dental origin and its implications in the appearance of bacterial endocarditis

    OpenAIRE

    Mang de la Rosa, María Rocío; Castellanos Cosano, Lizett; Romero Perez, María Jesús; Cutando Soriano, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Numerous systemic diseases may affect the oral cavity and vice versa,in particular severe diseases that involve the heart valve. In these cases, additional measures or a modification to our dental treatment need to be taken. We are aware of various diseases that can cause the emergence of bacterial endocarditis (BE), such as; rheumatic fever, valve lesions due to intravenous drug use, Kawasaki disease and valve surgery, among others. Due to its severity when it is not taken into account in de...

  5. The Air Staff of Tomorrow: Smarter, Faster, Better

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-12

    Kurzweil, The Singularity is Near, 8-9. 16 Humanity has already passed the threshold of bio-tech interfaces. Cochlear implants allow some deaf people to...commercial networks. The terrorists are currently operating in a region with a large and controversial US military presence. This problem has...Smith has a device implanted in his body which allows information to flow directly from the network into his brain and vice versa. 29 efforts for

  6. Face to Face The IGBT and its Creator

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    in place of an n-region and vice versa gives rise to a p-type device. Figure A. A schematic of a ..... The other place it had a huge impact was motor control because two-thirds of the electricity in the world is used for ... By 2010 there were 4 companies marketing Schottky diodes and MOSFET based on SiC. The. Schottky diode ...

  7. Differential Histone Acetylation in Sub-Regions of Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis Underlies Fear Consolidation and Extinction

    OpenAIRE

    Ranjan, Vandana; Singh, Sanjay; Siddiqui, Sarfraj Ahmad; Tripathi, Sukanya; Khan, Mohd Yahiya; Prakash, Anand

    2017-01-01

    Objective The hallmark of anxiety disorders is excessive fear. Previous studies have suggested that selective neural projections from Basal nucleus of stria terminalis (BNST) to amygdala and vice-versa precisely control the fear learning process. However the exact mechanism how the BNST controls fear consolidation and its extinction is largely unknown. In the present study we observed the changes in the BNST sub-regions following fear conditioning and its extinction. Methods The change in the...

  8. Transitional properties of droughts and related impacts of climate indices in the Pearl River basin, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Mingzhong; Zhang, Qiang; Singh, Vijay P.; Liu, Lin

    2016-03-01

    Drought is the natural hazard poorly understood so far due to various mechanisms behind. Moreover, disastrous effects of drought on human society necessitate accurate forecasting of drought behaviors. In this case, to improve forecasting of drought in the Pearl River basin, a trivariate copula model has been developed and used to include the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) into model structure of Markov chain. The Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) has been used to monitor the drought in this study. Comparison with the preliminary correlation analysis between each month climate index and SPEI series indicated that the trivariate copula performs satisfactorily well in evaluation of influences of climate indices on the transition probabilities of drought. It is considered that the region with the negative vertical velocity is dominated by more precipitation and vice versa. Moreover, field patterns of 500 hPa vertical velocity anomalies related to each climate index have further corroborated the influences of climate indices on the drought behaviors. Besides, the mean extreme drought durations under different conditions of each climate index have also been investigated in this study. Results indicated that the mean extreme drought duration tends to be longer in the western part of the Pearl River basin during positive phase of ENSO while tends to be shorter during the positive phase of NAO and vice versa; in the central part of the Pearl River basin, the mean extreme drought duration tends to be shorter during the positive phase of ENSO, NAO and PDO while tends to be longer during the positive episode of IOD, and vice versa; in the eastern part of the Pearl River basin, the mean extreme drought duration tends to be shorter during the positive episode of ENSO and PDO, and vice versa. This study sheds new light on transitional behaviors of

  9. Establishing the bidirectional relationship between depression and subclinical arteriosclerosis – rationale, design, and characteristics of the BiDirect Study

    OpenAIRE

    Teismann, H. (Henning); Wersching, H. (Heike); Nagel, M.; Arolt, V.; Heindel, W.L. (Walter); Baune, B T; Wellmann, J; Hense, H.; Berger, K

    2014-01-01

    Background: Depression and cardiovascular diseases due to arteriosclerosis are both frequent and impairing conditions. Depression and (subclinical) arteriosclerosis appear to be related in a bidirectional way, and it is plausible to assume a partly joint causal relationship. However, the biological mechanisms and the behavioral pathways that lead from depression to arteriosclerosis and vice versa remain to be exactly determined. Methods/design: This study protocol describes the rationale and ...

  10. Mindlessly Polite: A Conceptual Replication of the Emotional Seesaw Effect on Compliance and Information Processing

    OpenAIRE

    Kaczmarek, Magdalena C.; Melanie C Steffens

    2017-01-01

    Recent studies demonstrated that the sequential induction of contrasting negative and positive emotions can be used as a social influence technique. The original field experiments found that whenever a sudden change in the emotional dynamic occurs – from negative to positive or vice versa – an increase in compliant behavior and an impairment in cognitive functioning can be observed. The goal of the present experiments was a conceptual replication and extension of the results in a more control...

  11. Psychosocial Adjustment Throughout University: A Longitudinal Investigation of the Roles of Sleep Quality and Emotion Dysregulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semplonius, Thalia; Willoughby, Teena

    2018-02-23

    Sleep problems and emotion dysregulation are associated with depressive symptoms and alcohol use but little research has examined the long-term associations and the direction of effects between these factors. We examined these relationships with 1132 undergraduates (70.5% female) over 5 years. Sleep problems and emotion dysregulation, sleep problems and depressive symptoms, and emotion dysregulation and depressive symptoms were all related bidirectionally. Tests of indirect effects indicated that sleep problems predicted depressive symptoms over time (and vice versa) via emotion dysregulation and emotion dysregulation predicted depressive symptoms over time (and vice versa) via sleep problems. The results highlight the need to assess direction of effects, given that many factors that are typically seen as "predictors" also can be framed as "outcomes".

  12. Smooth- and enhanced-tube heat transfer and pressure drop : Part II. The role of transition to turbulent flow.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Obot, N. T.; Das, L.; Rabas, T. J.

    2000-11-14

    The objectives of this presentation are two-fold: first, to demonstrate the connection between the attainable coefficients and transition to turbulent flow by using the transition-based corresponding states method to generalize results obtained with smooth tubes and enhanced tubes, and second, to provide guidelines on the calculation of heat transfer coefficients from pressure-drop data and vice versa by using the transition concept or the functional law of corresponding states.

  13. The Isolation and Characterization of Human Prostate Cancer Stem Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    demonstrating the identification of prostate CSCs from primary human tissue with subsequent illustration that the proffered CSC is tumor-initiating in...noted to be positive for chromogranin A and vice versa (for illustration , an area with abundant NE cells are shown in Fig. 6A). In order to definitively...Res. 1993; 53:2853–2857. Hobisch A, Culig Z, Radmayr C, Bartsch G, Klocker H, Hittmair A. Distant metastases from prostatic carcinoma express androgen

  14. High density, multi-range analog output Versa Module Europa board for control system applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Kundan; Das, Ajit Lal

    2014-01-01

    A new VMEDAC64, 12-bit 64 channel digital-to-analog converter, a Versa Module Europa (VME) module, features 64 analog voltage outputs with user selectable multiple ranges, has been developed for control system applications at Inter University Accelerator Centre. The FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) is the module's core, i.e., it implements the DAC control logic and complexity of VMEbus slave interface logic. The VMEbus slave interface and DAC control logic are completely designed and implemented on a single FPGA chip to achieve high density of 64 channels in a single width VME module and will reduce the module count in the control system applications, and hence will reduce the power consumption and cost of overall system. One of our early design goals was to develop the VME interface such that it can be easily integrated with the peripheral devices and satisfy the timing specifications of VME standard. The modular design of this module reduces the amount of time required to develop other custom modules for control system. The VME slave interface is written as a single component inside FPGA which will be used as a basic building block for any VMEbus interface project. The module offers multiple output voltage ranges depending upon the requirement. The output voltage range can be reduced or expanded by writing range selection bits in the control register. The module has programmable refresh rate and by default hold capacitors in the sample and hold circuit for each channel are charged periodically every 7.040 ms (i.e., update frequency 284 Hz). Each channel has software controlled output switch which disconnects analog output from the field. The modularity in the firmware design on FPGA makes the debugging very easy. On-board DC/DC converters are incorporated for isolated power supply for the analog section of the board.

  15. Exploring the Principles and Practices of One Teacher of L2 Speaking: The Importance of Reflecting on Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas S. C. Farrell; Rebecca Vos

    2018-01-01

    Teacher principles encompass a teacher’s stated assumptions, beliefs, and conceptions about acquiring and teaching a second language (L2). Due to the complex and diversified nature of how principles take form, an individual teacher’s principles will influence their judgements, perceptions and instructional decisions, thus affecting the outcome of classroom practices. Exploring teacher principles and their impact on classroom practices and vice versa is an invaluable and necessary component to...

  16. Fiscal Federalism and Financial Resources for Regional Development - Co-operative and Competitive Models: The International Experience - an Example for Russia?

    OpenAIRE

    Seidel, Bernhard; Schrooten, Mechthild

    2000-01-01

    In Western economies, the concrete design of fiscal federalism is determined by the status the federation grants to regionally comparable economic and social conditions, and to what extent this status is anchored in the constitution. If the political and social acceptance of regional differences is high, the significance of regional equalisation is low and vice versa. In the case of great regional differences fiscal equalisation could be overburdened by the task of reducing fiscal strength. M...

  17. Voice radio communication, pedestrian localization, and the tactical use of 3D audio

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, John-Olof; Schüldt, Christian; Händel, Peter

    2013-01-01

    The relation between voice radio communication and pedestrian localization is studied. 3D audio is identified as a linking technology which brings strong mutual benefits. Voice communication rendered with 3D audio provides a potential low secondary task interference user interface to the localization information. Vice versa, location information in the 3D audio provides spatial cues in the voice communication, improving speech intelligibility. An experimental setup with voice radio communicat...

  18. HCLK2 is required for activity of the DNA damage response kinase ATR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rendtlew Danielsen, Jannie M; Larsen, Dorthe Helena; Schou, Kenneth Bødtker

    2008-01-01

    of ATR kinase activity. We show that HCLK2 forms a complex with ATR-ATRIP and the ATR activator TopBP1. We demonstrate that HCLK2-induced ATR kinase activity toward substrates requires TopBP1 and vice versa and provides evidence that HCLK2 facilitates efficient ATR-TopBP1 association. Consistent with its...... in the same pathway as TopBP1 but that the two proteins regulate different steps in ATR activation....

  19. Analysis of justification for applying two gear sets within the universal gear reducers

    OpenAIRE

    Rackov Milan; Kuzmanović Siniša; Knežević Ivan; Čavić Maja; Penčić Marko

    2017-01-01

    In the area of universal gear reducers, standard does not prescribe relations between load capacity, gear ratios and axis heights. Therefore, larger load capacity of some gear reducers manufacturers has advantage for lower gear ratio and, vice versa, smaller load capacity of the gearbox achieves higher values of gear ratio. However, there are some manufacturers who produce gear reducers with smaller or larger load capacity for higher or lower gear ratio, within the same axis height. This pape...

  20. The Impact of Free Agency on Players¡¯ Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Jue-Shyan Wang; Wei-Hsin Wang; Yen-Chun Liao

    2014-01-01

    This study examines whether players benefit from free agency or not. In professional sports, free agency has been a hot topic in recent years. Based on a bargaining model with arbitrary bargaining power, we found that players who have a relative smaller bargaining power to their owners still get lower payoffs after the implement of free agency, and vice versa. Moreover, the expected payoffs of players and sports teams are both not influenced by free agency.

  1. 31 March 2016 - Qatar Foundation Research and Development Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim signing a Cooperation Agreement with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Dr Hamad Al-Ibrahim Executive Vice President, Qatar Foundation Research and Development. Were present: CERN International Relations Unit, Adviser for Qatar P. Fassnacht; CERN Director for Research and Computing E. Elsen; Texas A&M Professor of Physics A. Safonov ; CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle; Professor of Physics, Qatar University I.Al-Qaradawi; Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim; CERN Director-General F. Gianotti; Ambassador Faisal Bin Abdulla Al-Henzab to the UNOG; Director of Research Computing, Texas A&M, Qatar O. Bouhali; Vice Dean, Texas A&M, Qatar E. Massad; Executive Director, Research Coordination & Special Initiatives, Qatar Foundation R&D D. Khoury.

  2. Predicting the Alpha Comae Berenices Time of Eclipse: How 3 Ambiguous Measurements Out of 609 Caused a 26 Year Binary’s Eclipse to be Missed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    PREDICTING THE α COMAE BERENICES TIME OF ECLIPSE: HOW 3 AMBIGUOUS MEASUREMENTS OUT OF 609 CAUSED A 26 YEAR BINARY’S ECLIPSE TO BE MISSED Matthew W...The dwarf stars in the 26 year period binary α Com were predicted to eclipse each other in early 2015. That prediction was based on an orbit model...to those with 12° or vice- versa. The stars are nearly equal magnitude, making such mistakes understandable (Struve 1875). While efforts were made to

  3. The vertical dispersión of Anopheles (Kerteszia cruzi in a forest in southern Brazil suggests that human cases of malaria of simian origin might be expected

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonidas M. Deane

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available By staining females of Anopheles cruzi with fluorescent coloured powders in a forest in the State of Santa Catarina, we showed that they move from canopy to ground and vice-versa to feed. This suggests that in areas where this mosquito is a vector of human and simian malarias sporadic infections of man with monkey plasmodia might be expected.Pintando fêmeas de Anopheles cruzi com pós fluorescentes coloridos, numa floresta de Santa Catarina, mostramos que elas movimentam-se da copa ao solo e vice-versa para se alimentar de sangue. Isso sugere que em áreas onde esse mosquito for tansmissor das malárias humana e simiana pode-se esperar que ocorram infecções humanas esporádicas por plasmódios de macacos.

  4. Operational Design and Convergent Threats: A Comparison Case Study of Plan Colombia and Afghanistan Aimed to Enhance the Fight Against Narcotic-Funded Insurgencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    49 v ACI ANA ANP AUC ASNF CD CJIATF­ CN COIN COG DEA DHS DOD DOJ DOS ELN FARC FBI GNP ...and police was $2.5 US billion or 3.56 percent of Colombian GDP and it has not changed substantially over the past decade. 55 Ibid., I 02. 56 Gabriel...vice versa. In 2003, the World Bank characterized Colombia as a middle income country, with per capita Gross National Product ( GDP ) of$7,040. GDP growth

  5. The Sound/Music Dilemma: Why Is It That All Music Is Sound but Only Some Sounds Are Music?

    OpenAIRE

    Valerio, Velardo

    2014-01-01

    Even if sound and music are deeply intertwined phenomena, it is still fiercely debated whether all music is made up of sound, and vice versa, whether all sound can be deemed as music. Researchers from many different backgrounds have proposed numerous solutions to the conundrum; however, most of them analyse music and sound out of their natural context, ignoring not negligible variables such as listeners and cognitive constraints. \\ud \\ud This paper fills this gap, by introducing a theoretical...

  6. Combining Gender, Work, and Family Identities: The Cross-Over and Spill-Over of Gender Norms into Young Adults? Work and Family Aspirations

    OpenAIRE

    Meeussen, Loes; Veldman, Jenny; Van Laar, Colette

    2016-01-01

    The current study investigates how descriptive and prescriptive gender norms that communicate work and family identities to be (in)compatible with gender identities limit or enhance young men and women’s family and career aspirations. Results show that young adults (N = 445) perceived gender norms to assign greater compatibility between female and family identities and male and work identities than vice versa, and that young men and women mirror their aspirations to this traditional division ...

  7. Evaluating Investments in Natural Gas Vehicles and Infrastructure for Your Fleet: Vehicle Infrastructure Cash-Flow Estimation -- VICE 2.0; Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzales, John

    2015-04-02

    Presentation by Senior Engineer John Gonzales on Evaluating Investments in Natural Gas Vehicles and Infrastructure for Your Fleet using the Vehicle Infrastructure Cash-flow Estimation (VICE) 2.0 model.

  8. An attempt to appoint a Swedish vice consul to Bucharest (1834-1835

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veniamin Ciobanu

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The economic development of Sweden at the end of the second decade of the nineteenth century accentuated the interest of the Swedish ruling circles to valorize the new economic potential. A series of measures, as the dissolution of the terrestrial customs between Sweden and Norway in 1825, or the abolition of the protectionist policy in imports, opened the way for the conclusion of certain commercial treaties with other states, such as that with Great Britain in 1826 or with the Ottoman Empire in 1827. Consequently, the commercial fleet, especially the Norwegian one, registered a substantial development. In this context, the Swedish diplomacy continued to pay close attention to Eastern Europe where favorable conditions for the extension of the foreign trade of Sweden and Norway could be found. This space, where the Romanian Principalities were located, had a geostrategic position and economic potential that had to be valorized. In order to achieve this goal, Sweden appointed consuls and vice consuls in the Romanian Principalities. The attempt to appoint a vice consul to Bucharest between 1834 and 1835 circumscribes this effort. The information regarding these demarches came from Swedish diplomatic reports, held in the funds of the National Archives of Sweden (Sveriges Riksarkivet, from Stockholm and offers, among many other details which may serve to broaden the horizon of the research regarding the history of Romanian-Swedish relations in the first half of the nineteenth century, an image of the Lutheran community from the capital of Wallachia.

  9. Implementation of respiratory-gated VMAT on a Versa HD linear accelerator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Jeffrey E; Flynn, Ryan T; Hyer, Daniel E

    2017-09-01

    The accurate delivery of respiratory-gated volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment plans presents a challenge since the gantry rotation and collimator leaves must be repeatedly stopped and set into motion during each breathing cycle. In this study, we present the commissioning process for an Anzai gating system (AZ-733VI) on an Elekta Versa HD linear accelerator and make recommendations for successful clinical implementation. The commissioning tests include central axis dose consistency, profile consistency, gating beam-on/off delay, and comparison of gated versus nongated gamma pass rates for patient-specific quality assurance using four clinically commissioned photon energies: 6 MV, 6 FFF, 10 MV, and 10 FFF. The central axis dose constancy between gated and nongated deliveries was within 0.6% for all energies and the analysis of open field profiles for gated and nongated deliveries showed an agreement of 97.8% or greater when evaluated with a percent difference criteria of 1%. The measurement of the beam-on/off delay was done by evaluating images of a moving ball-bearing phantom triggered by the gating system and average beam-on delays of 0.22-0.29 s were observed. No measurable beam-off delay was present. Measurements of gated VMAT dose distributions resulted in decrements as high as 9% in the gamma passing rate as compared to nongated deliveries when evaluated against the planned dose distribution at 3%/3 mm. By decreasing the dose rate, which decreases the gantry speed during gated delivery, the gamma passing rates of gated and nongated treatments can be made equivalent. We present an empirically derived formula to limit the maximum dose rate during VMAT deliveries and show that by implementing a reduced dose rate, a gamma passing rate of greater than 95% (3%/3 mm) was obtained for all plan measurements. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Association of

  10. Impact of Vice President Cheney on public interest in left ventricular assist devices and heart transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Ambarish; Abdullah, Kazeen; Drazner, Mark H

    2014-05-01

    Although celebrity illnesses attract a significant amount of media attention in the United States, there are few studies that have looked at how celebrity health conditions impact the awareness of the illness in the general population. Recently, Vice President Cheney underwent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and subsequently a cardiac transplant. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was evidence of increased interest in these 2 procedures as assessed by social media. We determined the relative frequency of Google searches for LVAD and heart transplantation from 2004 to 2013 using Google trends. We also counted the number of YouTube videos and Twitter messages posted monthly concerning LVADs over a 7-year time frame. There was a significant spike in the Google search interest for LVAD and heart transplantation in the month when Vice President Cheney underwent the respective procedure. Similarly, there was a large increase in YouTube videos and Twitter messages concerning LVADs shortly after he was implanted. In total, these data support the concept that a public figure's illness can significantly influence the public's interest in that condition and its associated therapies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. SU-E-T-194: Commissioning of Monaco Treatment Planning System On An Elekta VersaHD Linear Accelerator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narayanasamy, G; Bosse, C; Saenz, D; Cruz, W; Papanikolaou, N; Stathakis, S [University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, TX (United States); Mavroidis, P [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The Monaco treatment planning system (TPS) uses a Monte-Carlo algorithm based dose computation engine to model the photon beams of a linear accelerator. The aim is to perform verification of Monaco TPS beam modeling of a Elekta VersaHD linac with 6MV, 6MV FFF, 10 MV, 10MV FFF, 18MV photon beams and 160 multileaf collimators (MLC) with a projected width of 5-mm at the isocenter. Methods: A series of dosimetric tests were performed to validate Monaco calculated beams including point dose measurement in water with and without heterogeneity and 2-dimensional dose distributions on a Delta4 bi-planar diode dosimeter array (Scandidos, Uppsala, Sweden). 3D conformal beams of different field sizes, source-to-surface distances, wedges, and gantry angles were delivered onto a phantom consisting of several plastic water and Styrofoam slabs. Point dose measurements were verified with a PTW 31013 Semiflex 0.3 cc ionization chamber (PTW, Freiburg, Germany). In addition, 8 step and shoot intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy (VMAT) beams included in the Monaco TPS commissioning suite were verified against measurements on Delta4 to test and fine tune parameters in the beam model. IMRT verification was computed using gamma analysis with dose difference and distance-to-agreement criteria of 3%/3mm with a dose threshold of 10%. Results: Point dose measurements agreed within 2% in the homogeneous phantom and within 3% in the heterogeneous phantom for all photon energies. IMRT beams yielded a passing percentage of 99.1±1.1% in the gamma analysis which is well above the institutional passing threshold of 90%. Conclusion: Monaco TPS commissioning was successfully performed for all the photon energies on the Elekta VersaHD linac prior to clinical usage.

  12. 19 January 2011 - British University of Manchester, Vice-President and Dean for the Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences Professor of Structural Engineering School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering C. Bailey in CERN Control Centre with Department Head P. Collier; at LHCb with R. Lindner and ATLAS underground experimental area with Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton, througout accompanied by . Collier with R. Appleby and F. Loebinger

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    19 January 2011 - British University of Manchester, Vice-President and Dean for the Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences Professor of Structural Engineering School of Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil Engineering C. Bailey in CERN Control Centre with Department Head P. Collier; at LHCb with R. Lindner and ATLAS underground experimental area with Deputy Spokesperson D. Charlton, througout accompanied by . Collier with R. Appleby and F. Loebinger

  13. From Law to Urban Legend, and Vice Versa: Creative Food Counterfeiting in Early Modern Spain / De la ley a la leyenda urbana y viceversa: falsificaciones de la cocina creativa en la España del Siglo de Oro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena del Río Parra

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. This text takes on common urban legends related to food forgery in order to find ground in legal texts. While literature is keen on food counterfeiting and perpetuates common to- pics, there seems to be more than a taste for lite- rary expression: town cries and ordinances are eloquent in pointing out elaborate methods to manipulate certain foods, some of which coincide to what were believed to be cultural myths. RESUMEN. Este texto se aproxima a conocidas leyendas urbanas relacionadas con la falsificación de alimentos para encontrar su base en textos legales. Si bien en la literatura son frecuentes las menciones a comida manipulada, estas parecen ser más que una repetición de lugares comunes: pregones y ordenanzas abundan en métodos muy elaborados de alteración de ciertos alimentos, algunos de los cuales coinciden con lo que hasta ahora entendíamos como mitos culturales.

  14. Ekphrasis’ and Fanopeia’s Effects in the cinematic representation of The RighStuff

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Silvio Ricardo Demétrio; Gisele Krodel Rech

    2014-01-01

    .... Based on concepts from rhetoric and literary theory - read ekphrasis and fanopeia - which deal with literary representations of images and vice-versa, we intend to seek similarities and differences...

  15. Combining food type(s) and food quantity choice in a new food choice paradigm based on vice-virtue bundles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haws, Kelly L; Liu, Peggy J

    2016-08-01

    Given the prevalence and rising rates of obesity in many countries, including the United States, much food decision-making research ultimately aims at understanding how consumers can make healthier choices. The two predominant choice paradigms used in food decision-making research ask consumers to choose (a) between a "vice" (or unhealthy food) and a "virtue" (or healthy food) or (b) among varying portion sizes of "vice." We propose a new food choice paradigm that encourages consumers to jointly consider both food type(s) choice and food portion size at each decision point. The purpose of this paradigm is two-fold. First, it aims to allow examination of more comprehensive eating behavior (e.g., to examine the overall composition of a plate of food rather than choice of a single food). Second, it aims to shift consumers towards including large proportions of virtues and smaller proportions of vice in their overall consumption portfolios. For this paradigm, we draw upon a recently introduced food product innovation called "vice-virtue bundles" (Liu et al., 2015) that illustrates the basis of this new food choice paradigm, in which food type(s) and portion decisions are made simultaneously. Accordingly, we first discuss relevant findings on vice-virtue bundles as well as the differences between simultaneous and sequential choice of multiple products. Second, we examine the benefits for managing and controlling one's consumption that are provided by vice-virtue bundles and this joint food choice paradigm more generally. Third and finally, we point out opportunities for future research by discussing (a) multiple factors that influence food choices, (b) decision processes affected by food choice paradigms, and (c) issues of generalizability related to the presence of vice-virtue bundles. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. The relationship between confidence in charitable organizations and volunteering revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkers, René H.F.P.; Bowman, Woods

    2009-01-01

    Confidence in charitable organizations (charitable confidence) would seem to be an important prerequisite for philanthropic behavior. Previous research relying on cross-sectional data has suggested that volunteering promotes charitable confidence and vice versa. This research note, using new

  17. 24 October 2014 - President of the Republic of Ecuador R. Correa Delgado signing the guest book with Vice President L. Moreno and Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with Collaboration PSokesperson D. Charlton and ATLAS User F. Monticelli; throughout accompanied by Adviser for Ecuador J. Salicio Diez and Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

  18. Career development resource: educational leadership in a department of surgery: vice chairs for education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfey, Hilary; Boehler, Margaret; DaRosa, Debra; Dunnington, Gary L

    2012-07-01

    The growing appreciation of the need to adopt an evidence-based approach to teaching and assessment has led to a demand for faculty who are well versed in best practices in education. Surgeons with interest and expertise in instruction, curriculum development, educational research, and evaluation can have an important impact on the educational mission of a department of surgery. The increased fervor for accountability in education together with the challenges imposed by accreditation agencies and hospitals has made educational leadership responsibilities more time consuming and complex. In response to this, an increasing number of department chairs created Vice Chair for Education positions to support clerkship and program directors and ensure the department's education mission statement is fulfilled. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. DEMOCRACIES VIRTUES AND VICES VIRTUDES E VÍCIUS DA DEMOCRACIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Esser dos Reis

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Democracy can be regarded, following Alexis de Tocquevilles
    thoughts, from two complementary standpoints: the equality standpoint – where equality is understood as a social condition; and the liberty standpoint – understood as a political condition. However, he observes, democracy is not a priori what it should be, denunciating, in this way, the imbalance between equality and liberty, the greater the imbalance as poor are the public virtues. We intend to enroll in a debate involving ethics and politics, by considering vices and virtues inherent to democracy, analyzing Tocqueville´s ideas. We start examining the causes of vice and the possibility of virtue, as Tocqueville sees them, in order to, next, attack the relationship of ethics and politics.A democracia pode ser compreendida, segundo Aléxis de Tocqueville, a partir de duas idéias complementares: a condição social de igualdade e a condição política de liberdade. Entretanto, observa, a democracia não é a priori o que deveria ser, denunciando, deste modo, a existência de um descompasso entre a igualdade e a liberdade que cresce na mesma medida em que esmorecem as virtudes públicas. Visando contribuir com a discussão acerca das relações entre ética e política, pretendo examinar virtudes e vícios inerentes ao Estado democrático, a partir da análise das idéias de Tocqueville. Meu interesse será, em primeiro lugar, compreender
    as causas dos vícios e a possibilidade das virtudes nas democracias, para, então, discutir a relação entre a ética e a política.

  20. 76 FR 17146 - Information Collection Sent to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for Approval; Endangered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    ... agencies are our primary conservation partners, and we routinely share data with them (and vice versa... burdensome for species that produce large numbers of young at a time (e.g., fish, amphibians, and butterflies...

  1. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Stephen McGurk, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Description: Lunch - Development research issues. Date: 2017-05-30. Attendees: 2 (IDRC 1). Location: Nairobi, Kenya. Total: $12.10. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for. Stephen McGurk, Vice-President, Program and Partnership Branch.

  2. 16th November 2010 - Chinese Vice Minister of Science and Technology J. Cao signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    CERN-HI-1011300 19-41: visiting SM18 with F. Bertinelli CERN-HI-1011300 43-66; visiting CMS Control Centre in Meyrin with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli CERN-HI-1011300 67-85: in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni CERN-HI-1011300 86-87: meeting young representatives of the CERN Chinese community in the Glassbox, restaurant 1.

  3. 9th Annual Webby Awards(R) Unveil Best Sites Of The Year; Former Vice President Al Gore, Webby Winners to be Honored at June 6th Ceremony in New York

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Winners of the Webby Awards, selected by the Academy, were revealed today in over 60 countries - from popular favorites like Community, Fashion, Film, and Politics to new categories making their debut this year, such as Blog, Beauty, Real Estate, Retail, and Social Networking (1/2 page)

  4. 18 May 2012 - University College Dublin Vice-President and Director of Research D. Fitzgerald signing the guest book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers and Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    accompanied by: Prof. Padraig Dunne, Head of the School of Physics, UCD Prof. Marc Shapira, Hematologist and CERN users: Prof. Martin Grunewald, CMS Collaboration, Team Leader, University College Dublin Prof. Ronan McNulty, LHCb Collaboration, Team Leader, University College Dublin

  5. THE MONOCRACY OF THE NOVEL "THE MONEY OF THE TIME"

    OpenAIRE

    Xhevahire Topanica

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze, compare and describe the novel "The Money of the Time" by Ismail Kadare. The author is one of the best Albanian writers. In this part of the study, the differences and similarities between different genres and in particular novels, stories and vice versa are analyzed and described. In order to compare the similarities between story and novel, it is necessary to first see the boundary between the novel and the story, which emerges that the story in most...

  6. 27 November 2014 - Warsaw University of Technology (PL) Vice-Rector for Research R. Bacewicz visitng the ALICE control room and undergorund experimental area with WUT students, accompanied by A. Charkiewicz and A. Siemko; joint signature ceremony with HNINP Director-General M. Jezabek

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    CERN-PHOTO-201411-245-95: from left to right: Professor D.Sc.Ph.D. Rajmund Bacewicz, Vice-Rector for Research, Warsaw University of Technology, CERN Director-General R. Heuer and Prof. Marek Jeżabek, Director-General, Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Republic of Poland

  7. Dark in the Day

    OpenAIRE

    MANSELL, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    "“In the blink of an eye, around the corner, The Weird is everywhere. It’s in the bird that turns out to be a fluttering newspaper, that white shoe left in a ploughed field, or the curdling smoke on the windscreen of a car, caused by the fast-moving reflection of clouds overhead. Normal is often weird and vice-versa. We’re used to weird dreams but what about the wide-awake weird? This collection celebrates evocative tales of oddness that span the genres of magic realism, the supernatural, the...

  8. Controllably Designed "Vice-Electrode" Interlayers Harvesting High Performance Lithium Sulfur Batteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Youchen; Xiong, Dongbin; Liu, Wen; Fan, Linlin; Li, Dejun; Li, Xifei

    2017-11-22

    An interlayer has been regarded as a promising mediator to prolong the life span of lithium sulfur batteries because its excellent absorbability to soluble polysulfide efficiently hinders the shuttle effect. Herein, we designed various interlayers and understand the working mechanism of an interlayer for lithium sulfur batteries in detail. It was found that the electrochemical performance of a S electrode for an interlayer located in cathode side is superior to the pristine one without interlayers. Surprisingly, the performance of the S electrode for an interlayer located in anode side is poorer than that of pristine one. For comparison, glass fibers were also studied as a nonconductive interlayer for lithium sulfur batteries. Unlike the two interlayers above, these nonconductive interlayer did displays significant capacity fading because polysulfides were adsorbed onto insulated interlayer. Thus, the nonconductive interlayer function as a "dead zone" upon cycling. Based on our findings, it was for the first time proposed that a controllably optimized interlayer, with electrical conductivity as well as the absorbability of polysulfides, may function as a "vice-electrode" of the anode or cathode upon cycling. Therefore, the cathodic conductive interlayer can enhance lithium sulfur battery performance, and the anodic conductive interlayer may be helpful for the rational design of 3D networks for the protection of lithium metal.

  9. Comparison of BD Bactec Plus Blood Culture Media to VersaTREK Redox Blood Culture Media for Detection of Bacterial Pathogens in Simulated Adult Blood Cultures Containing Therapeutic Concentrations of Antibiotics▿

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Nancy S.; Rogan, Dagmar; Orr, Beverley L.; Whitney, Dana

    2011-01-01

    Antibiotic neutralization in blood culture media from two automated systems was evaluated by measuring the recovery of organisms and times to detection in simulated cultures. Overall, BD Bactec Plus media (Bactec FX system) outperformed TREK 80 ml Redox media (VersaTREK system), although results suggest a relative rather than an absolute increased rate of recovery for the Bactec media.

  10. FOOD AND VICES IN SOUTH-EASTERN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    procrastination and laziness on the part of individuals; fatalism (the belief that fate determines the status of every human being); poor implementation of government's policies on rural development, lack of assistance to willing Small and Medium Scale Entrepreneurs and farmers; high cost of goods and services in the market ...

  11. The Imaginary Friend

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallionpaa, Maria; Gasselseder, Hans-Peter

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide theoretical knowledge on how the interactive music techniques usually associated with computer game music could benefit the classical music composers and performers (and vice versa). We will focuse on techniques used in procedural music. Certain interactive...... how such systems could be used as part the electroacoustic composer´s technical and expressive vocabulary. Automatisation challenges the concept of form, rhythm, and harmony in a musical work. Instead of a closed entity, a dynamic music composition is a never-ending story with infinite number...

  12. Vice-Chancellors Influence on Academic Staff Intentions to Use ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kmacharia

    adoption and diffusion of Learning Management System (LMS) by academic staff for teaching and learning ... response to the web-based Learning Management System (LMS) for instructional and course delivery in ..... environment, where the VC is the project champion with a clear vision and offers project leadership.

  13. La Création du Vice Secrétariat de l’Education Populaire La creación de la Vicesecretaría de Educación Popular The creation of Vicesecretaría de Educación Popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Aline Barrachina

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La creación (20-05-1941, de la Vice Secretaría de la Educación Popular, pone un punto final a las ambiciones totalitarias de los falangistas, marca su  definitiva derrota y la ineluctable instrumentalización de sus talentos propagandísticos. El proceso se realiza en tres etapas: desde el decreto de Unificación (19-04-1937, hasta el primer gobierno civil del régimen de Franco (31-01-1938; desde este mismo primer gobierno civil hasta la consolidación de la influencia de Serrano Súnyer (16-11-1940, acceso de Serrano a la cartera de relaciones internacionales; por fin, desde esta fecha, a la creación de la Vice Secretaría. El proceso consistió en externalizar las competencias intelectuales falangistas en un primer tiempo, de manera que no puedan actuar dentro de la administración del Movimiento sino directamente bajo el control del Estado (1937. Luego, en una segunda etapa, se instrumentalizaron estas competencias para organizar las estructuras administrativas de propaganda del nuevo Estado (1938-1940. Por fin, cuando ya estaba confirmada su total sumisión (1941, se devolvió a la administración del Movimiento su vocación inicial de propaganda, creando la Vice Secretaría. A finales de 1943, la Vice Secretaría ya es una enorme máquina administrativa generadora de empleos y sometida al Estado. Su traspaso en 1945 al Ministerio de la Educación — entonces entre las manos de los conservadores católicos— confirma que la era de los funcionarios del franquismo ya se ha sustituido a la de los militantes falangistas.

  14. Vice-Chancellors Influence on Academic Staff Intentions to Use ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Universities world over are increasingly deploying learning management systems to enhance the quality of teaching and learning as well as to increase access to higher education. However, since technology rejection is common, the future of universities depends on their instructor's capacity to adopt and diffuse such ...

  15. Executive Assistant - Vice-President, Programs and Partnerships ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    In collaboration with the Senior Programs Advisor , tracks Branch operational expenditures, reviews accounting reports, determines spending patterns, and plans for upcoming expenses. Coordinates the Branch annual intake of summer students, from calculating how many can be hired according to budget and office space ...

  16. Vice-Chancellors Influence on Academic Staff Intentions to Use ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kmacharia

    Wannemacher, 2006). Consequently, universities must face the challenge in having to get academic staff to adopt and make effective use of them in teaching and learning since technology rejection is common. (Davis F. D., 1989; Davis, Bagozzi, ...

  17. 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne Charette, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    BB

    Purpose: Attend the World Strategic Forum. Date(s):. 2017-04-18 to 2017-04-20. Destination(s):. Miami, USA. Airfare: $399.92. Other. Transportation: $101.41. Accommodation: $0.00. Meals and. Incidentals: $466.55. Other: $0.00. Total: $967.88. Comments: 2017-2018 Travel Expense Reports for Joanne. Charette ...

  18. Leadership and Management: Command Philosophy Vice Executive Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-15

    source of low cost lendable funds. They may be artistic, such as a new form of musical reproduction like multiplex stereo. They may be intangible and...IwmAWOrgmsid% 12)45 kAdaissitmtis skills 12345 COMMuictio; skills 12345 ftoblm MIT*rIdecision at" lam 12345 In ddition to the ibo Mnntm#Msklls 12)45

  19. The emerging role of the microbial-gastrointestinal-neural axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter G. McLean

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The gastrointestinal tract and its associated mucosal immune system have been extensively studied in the context of their involvement in disease processes, both within the tract itself and in its associated organs. However, historically a number of aspects of both gastrointestinal physiology and pathophysiology have been to some extent overlooked. In particular, the relationship of the gastrointestinal tract with its indigenous microbiota, and also the influence of the tract on behavior and neural systems and vice versa. Here, we describe recent advances in our knowledge and understanding of these areas, and attempt to put these advances in perspective with regard to potential therapeutic strategies.

  20. Exordio to the collective memory and the social forgetfulness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mendoza García

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that memory and forgetting, far from being the individual matters they were taken to be in the 20th century, are social phenomena: that they are collective, or social, products, and form two sides of the same coin. Collective memory has its own resources:it is guided by societal forces and sustained by language. Social forgetting, on the other hand, is sustained by silence, oppression and censorship. The two together furnish society with its presences and its absences. There is a conflict between memory and oblivion. Where one flourishes, the other withers, and vice versa. Societies are built on just such problematic relationships.

  1. Symmetry theory of the flexomagnetoelectric interaction in the magnetic vortices and skyrmions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanygin, B. M.

    2012-03-01

    Symmetry classification of the magnetic vortices and skyrmions has been suggested. Relation between symmetry based predictions and direct calculation has been shown. It was shown that electric dipole moment of the vortex is located inside the small vortex core. The antivortices and antiskyrmions do not carry the total core electric dipole induced by the flexomagnetoelectric interaction in the hexoctahedral cubic crystal. The volumetric bound electric charge is distributed around the core. Switching of the core electric dipole direction produces the switching of the core magnetization or vortex chirality and vice versa. The vortices and skyrmions with time-invariant enantiomorphism have two degenerative states: clockwise and counterclockwise state.

  2. Assessing the relationship between the Driver Behavior Questionnaire and the Driver Skill Inventory: Revealing sub-groups of drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Laila Marianne; Møller, Mette; Prato, Carlo Giacomo

    2014-01-01

    The Driver Behavior Questionnaire and the Driver Skill Inventory are two of the most frequently used measures of self-reported driving style and driving skill. The motivation behind the present study was to identify sub-groups of drivers that potentially act dangerously in traffic (as measured by...... driving behaviors, and vice versa. The present findings highlight the need to look into driver’s attitudes towards safety, and to devise differential interventions targeting specific problematic groups of the population in the attempt to improve road safety nationwide....

  3. 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for Stephen McGurk, Vice ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    SD

    Description: Dinner with development research partners. Date: 2017-05-16. Attendees: 6 (IDRC 3). Location: Yangon, Myanmar. Total: $68.52. Comments: 2017-2018 Hospitality Expense Reports for. Stephen McGurk, Vice-President, Program and Partnership Branch.

  4. The effects of Ethernet LANs' fragmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bolun

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Three configurations of Ethernet networks that operate in duplex mode at relatively low load of transmission media are investigated. Configurations differ by number of collision domains and switches used in the network. To investigate the dependences among basic parameters, analytic models of the functioning of such networks are elaborated. Calculations made for a relatively large set of values of initial data confirm the necessity of case dependent special investigations on the physical configuration of concrete Ethernet networks. It has been determined, for example, that the fragmentation doesn't necessarily permit to increase the number of stations in the network; it may be even vice versa.

  5. Basalts of the Khodzhirbulak Suite and Assessment their Feasibility for Basalt Fiber (Surkhantau Mountains, Southwestern Shoots of the Hissar Ridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. M. Khakberdyev

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of preliminary assessment of basalt of the Khodzhirbulakskoy Suite of Surkhantau Mountains for the basalt fiber production are presented. According to petrographic study, the rocks are described as basalts of amygdaloidal structure. On the base of content of the amount of glassy form and nodular calcite, three groups of basalts were identified. The inverse relationship between the bulk content of the volcanic rock and the content of calcite: the greater volume of volcanic rocks, the less content of calcite, and vice versa. The basalt material demonstrates average pH module of 3.52.

  6. Autoethnographic ethics and rewriting the fragmented self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, A

    2010-03-01

    The paper begins with a summary of severe mental health difficulties I had in recent years. The narrative then turns to the crisis of representation in the social sciences which gave rise to autoethnographic ethics. Autoethnographic writing is compared and contrasted with realist writing, the former being seen to be accorded with several advantages when 'writing the self'. It is argued that culture flows through self and vice versa, and that this is captured well in autoethnographic work. The various forms of ethics are brought to light in relation to my experiences of state acute mental health care.

  7. Media Ecology and the Blurring of Private and Public Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Franco, Chiara

    2016-01-01

    on these approaches, the paper argues that in order to understand the role of the media in international politics it is necessary to shift the focus from media outlets and organisations to the media as environments, and from media content to media ecology. In fact, the paper argues that changes in the media ecology...... in the public (and vice versa). To explore its theoretical claims further and clarify how useful this approach can be to understand the role of the media in the Middle East, the paper discusses how an Israeli/Iranian movement catalysed by a Facebook (FB) page attempts at fostering peace. It explains how...

  8. The effect of pressure on the phase behavior of surfactant systems: An experimental study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandersen, Sara Bülow; Stenby, Erling Halfdan; von Solms, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    Enhanced oil recovery is employed in many mature oil reservoirs to maintain or increase the reservoir recovery factor. In this context, surfactant flooding has recently gained interest again. Surfactant flooding is the injection of surfactants (and co-surfactants) into the reservoir, in order...... is influenced to an even greater extent. It was concluded that at certain compositions of the surfactant system (near to the phase boundary found at atmospheric pressure) the increase in pressure changed the phase behavior (for example causing the system to move from two phases to three or vice versa...

  9. Weird comets and asteroids the strange little worlds of the sun's family

    CERN Document Server

    Seargent, David A J

    2017-01-01

    This book concentrates on some of the odd aspects of comets and asteroids. Strange behavior of comets, such as outbursts and schisms, and how asteroids can temporally act as comets are discussed, together with the possible threat of Centaurs-class objects like the Taurid complex. Recent years have seen the distinction between comets and asteroids become less prominent. Comets in "asteroid" orbits and vice versa have become almost commonplace and a clearer view of the role of small bodies in the formation of the Solar System and their effect on Earth has become apparent. Seargent covers this development in detail by including new data and information from space probes. .

  10. Evidence for Heterodimerization and Functional Interaction of the Angiotensin Type 2 Receptor and the Receptor MAS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhardt, Julia; Villela, Daniel C.; Teichmann, Anke

    2017-01-01

    The angiotensin type 2 receptor (AT2R) and the receptor MAS are receptors of the protective arm of the renin-angiotensin system. They mediate strikingly similar actions. Moreover, in various studies, AT2R antagonists blocked the effects of MAS agonists and vice versa. Such cross-inhibition may......, subfamily C-member 6. Dimerization of the AT2R was abolished when it was mutated at cysteine residue 35. AT2R and MAS stimulation with the respective agonists, Compound 21 or angiotensin-(1-7), significantly induced CX3C chemokine receptor-1 messenger RNA expression. Effects of each agonist were blocked...

  11. The direction of the relationship between symptoms of insomnia and psychiatric disorders in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvaro, Pasquale K; Roberts, Rachel M; Harris, Jodie K; Bruni, Oliviero

    2017-01-01

    This study assessed the direction of the relationship between symptoms of insomnia disorder, depression, various anxiety disorders and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in adolescents after controlling for age, gender, chronotype, and outcome variable at baseline. Data was collected in eight high schools in Adelaide, South Australia, at two time-points approximately 6 months apart. The study was completed by 318 and 255 high school students at baseline and follow-up, respectively, aged 12-18 (M=14.96, SD=1.34) in grades 7-11 at baseline. Hierarchical regression analyses were used to assess each relationship, the first model controlling for age, gender and chronotype, and the second controlling for outcome variable at baseline. Insomnia symptoms predicted and were predicted by symptoms of each psychiatric disorder in model 1. In model 2, insomnia symptoms predicted symptoms of depression, and vice-versa. Symptoms of insomnia also predicted symptoms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) once SAD, but not vice-versa, in model 2. Symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia (SP) predicted symptoms of insomnia disorder in model 2, but not vice-versa. Insomnia symptoms were no longer related to symptoms of other anxiety disorders in model 2. The use of self-report measures, and potential predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating or preventative factors were not assessed. Symptoms of insomnia disorder are bidirectionally related to depressive symptoms independent from baseline symptoms, and unidirectionally related to symptoms of OCD and SP where OCD and SP are independent risk-factors of the development of insomnia symptoms. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Gift-giving in the medical student--patient relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alamri, Yassar Abdullah S

    2012-08-01

    There is paucity in the published literature that provides any ethical guidance guiding gift-giving within the student--patient relationship. This is perhaps because the dynamics of the medical student--patient relationship have not yet been explored as extensively as the doctor--patient relationship. More importantly, however, gift--giving in the doctor-patient relationship has traditionally been from the patient to the doctor and not vice versa. This article examines the literature published in this vicinity reflecting on an encounter with a patient.

  13. Kuru: the old epidemic in a new mirror.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfarb, Lev G

    2002-07-01

    The kuru epidemic lasted almost a century; it started in 1901-1902, reached epidemic proportions in the mid-1950s, and disappeared in the 1990s. Kuru is the prototype member of a group of disorders known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) or prion diseases. Recent data on the genetics and pathogenesis of TSEs contribute to a better understanding of the documented kuru phenomena, and vice versa, observations made during the kuru epidemic are immensely helpful in understanding the epidemic of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease that is currently developing in Europe. The major goal of this review is to identify and illustrate these points.

  14. How Offshoring Can Affect the Industries’ Skill Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Horgos

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available While most of the offshoring literature focuses on the effects on relative wages, other implications do not receive the necessary attention. This paper investigates the effects on the industries’ skill ratio. It summarizes the empirical literature, discusses theoretical findings, and provides empirical evidence for Germany. As results show, effects are mainly driven by the industry where offshoring takes place. If offshoring takes place in high-skill intensive industries, the high-skill labor ratio increases (vice versa if offshoring takes place in low-skill intensive industries. Results are in line with other empirical findings, however, they seem to contradict theoretical causalities. Thus, we additionally discuss possible explanations.

  15. Cue integration and the perception of action in intentional binding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wolpe, Noham; Haggard, Patrick; Siebner, Hartwig R

    2013-01-01

    that binding results from cue integration, in which a voluntary action provides information about the timing of its consequences or vice versa. The perception of the timing of either event is then a weighted average, determined according to the reliability of each of these two cues. Here we tested...... the contribution of cue integration to the perception of action and its sensory effect in binding, that is, action and tone binding, by manipulating the sensory reliability of the outcome tone. As predicted, when tone reliability was reduced, action binding was diminished and tone binding was increased. However...

  16. Human Resource Management in the Enhancement Processes of Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didi Sundiman

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research explored Human Resource Management (HRM in enhancement processes of knowledge management. This research explored how HRM practice enhanced the operational of knowledge management. Data were collected by a survey by interviewing 12 informants from Small and Medium Enterprise (SME. The results show that HRM practice gives initiative in the enhancement process of the knowledge management strategy applied to the company. It can be concluded that each sub-component of HRM affects the components of knowledge management, and HRM is highly influential and has a positive effect on quality management processes and vice versa in the work environment.

  17. Influence of the cos-phi conductance on fluxons propagating in long Josephson junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, O. H.; Samuelsen, Mogens Rugholm

    1982-01-01

    The influence of a cosφ conductance on the motion of fluxons in long and narrow Josephson junctions is investigated by numerical computations and by a perturbation analysis. It turns out that the presence of the cosφ term will have opposite effects on the motion of a fluxon and on plasma waves...... or breathers. If the fluxon motion is damped, the plasma waves are enhanced by the cosφ term and vice versa. The presence of loss and bias results, in any event, in stabilization of the fluxon in a stationary motion. Good agreement between the numerical result for fluxon motion and the perturbation analysis...

  18. Preliminary study of the influence of different modelling choices and materials properties uncertainties on the seismic assessment of an existing RC school building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maracchini, Gianluca; Clementi, Francesco; Quagliarini, Enrico; Lenci, Stefano; Monni, Francesco

    2017-07-01

    This paper studies the influence of some aleatory and epistemic uncertainties on the seismic behaviour of an existing RC school building through a codified sensitivity analysis that uses pushover analyses and a logic tree approach. The considered epistemic uncertainties, i.e. diaphragm stiffness and modelling of stairs, seem not influencing the final assessment in term of index of seismic risk. Vice versa, aleatory ones, i.e. concrete and steel mechanical properties, strongly affect the Index. For this reason, investigations and tests should focus on the study of the mechanical properties, and, in particular, on the study of columns' concrete mechanical properties, which have the largest impact on the building seismic response.

  19. When Do Types Induce the Same Belief Hierarchy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Perea

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Type structures are a simple device to describe higher-order beliefs. However, how can we check whether two types generate the same belief hierarchy? This paper generalizes the concept of a type morphism and shows that one type structure is contained in another if and only if the former can be mapped into the other using a generalized type morphism. Hence, every generalized type morphism is a hierarchy morphism and vice versa. Importantly, generalized type morphisms do not make reference to belief hierarchies. We use our results to characterize the conditions under which types generate the same belief hierarchy.

  20. On the complete perturbative solution of one-matrix models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mironov

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available We summarize the recent results about complete solvability of Hermitian and rectangular complex matrix models. Partition functions have very simple character expansions with coefficients made from dimensions of representation of the linear group GL(N, and arbitrary correlators in the Gaussian phase are given by finite sums over Young diagrams of a given size, which involve also the well known characters of symmetric group. The previously known integrability and Virasoro constraints are simple corollaries, but no vice versa: complete solvability is a peculiar property of the matrix model (hypergeometric τ-functions, which is actually a combination of these two complementary requirements.

  1. If we build it, will they come? Curation and use of the ESO telescope bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grothkopf, Uta; Meakins, Silvia; Bordelon, Dominic

    2015-12-01

    The ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib) is a database of refereed papers published by the ESO users community. It links data in the ESO Science Archive with the published literature, and vice versa. Developed and maintained by the ESO library, telbib also provides insights into the organization's research output and impact as measured through bibliometric studies. Curating telbib is a multi-step process that involves extensive tagging of the database records. Based on selected use cases, this talk will explain how the rich metadata provide parameters for reports and statistics in order to investigate the performance of ESO's facilities and to understand trends and developments in the publishing behaviour of the user community.

  2. Role of the semi-quinone free radical of the anti-tumour agent etoposide (VP-16-213) in the inactivation of single- and double-stranded phi X174 DNA.

    OpenAIRE

    Mans, D. R.; Ret?l, J.; van Maanen, J M; Lafleur, M. V.; van Schaik, M. A.; Pinedo, H M; Lankelma, J.

    1990-01-01

    The mechanism of action of the anti-tumour agent etoposide (VP-16-213) could involve its bioactivation to metabolites which can damage DNA. Active metabolites of etoposide, generated in vitro, are the 3',4'-dihydroxy-derivative (catechol) and its oxidation product, the ortho-quinone. The conversion of the catechol into the ortho-quinone (and vice versa) proceeds via formation of a semi-quinone free radical. We investigated the role of this radical species in the inactivation of biologically a...

  3. Immunological cross-reactivity of the major allergen from perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne), Lol p I, and the cysteine proteinase, bromelain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pike, R N; Bagarozzi, D; Travis, J

    1997-04-01

    Antibodies prepared in rabbits against the major allergen from ryegrass (Lolium perenne), Lol p I, cross-reacted with the cysteine proteinase bromelain from pineapple and vice versa. Deglycosylation of the proteins showed that the cross-reaction was based on recognition of the carbohydrate moiety of the allergen, but for bromelain the cross-reaction was most likely due to a combination of factors. The results indicate that the carbohydrate residues from these allergens play an important role in cross-reactions found between them and possibly those from other species.

  4. Optical bistability through the cavity effect in a four-level open atomic medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamedi, H. R.

    2014-11-01

    The optical bistability and multistability behavior in a ring cavity for the four-level open atomic system, driven by two coupling fields has been analyzed. It is shown that the presence of exit rate from cavity is having a dominant effect on generating the optical bi(multi) stability on the system. It is found that the effects of the injection rates can be used to control the threshold intensity. It is also found that optical bistability can convert to optical multistability or vice versa via the effect of intensity and detuning of the coupling fields.

  5. A Real Options Approach to Valuing the Risk Transfer in a Multi-Year Procurement Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-01

    to the option holder when it is exercised before the expiry and the exercise price is greater than the market or spot price of the underlying asset...or prior to the expiry . Once exercised, options are zero-sum contracts: the writer “loses” and the holder gains or vice versa. If the option expires...and X are Company A’s stock spot price at valuation and strike (at expiry T) per share, respectively. N(d1) and N(d2) are the cumulative normal

  6. The use of high temperature superconductors to levitate lunar telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Beth A.

    1992-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to assist in the construction of a lunar telescope mirror model by conducting research on composite materials and other lightweight, rigid materials, and by determining how much weight can be levitated by available superconductors. It is believed that with the construction of four magnets suspended over four bulk superconductors (or vice versa), there should be no problems lifting a model mirror and stabilizing it at different positions. It may be necessary to increase the size and quality of the superconductors and/or magnets in order to achieve this.

  7. Can sleep quality and wellbeing be improved by changing the indoor lighting in the homes of healthy, elderly citizens?

    OpenAIRE

    Sander, Birgit; Markvart, Jakob; Kessel, Line; Argyraki, Aikaterini; Johnsen, Kjeld

    2015-01-01

    The study investigated the effect of bright blue-enriched versus blue-suppressed indoor light on sleep and wellbeing of healthy participants over 65 years. Twenty-nine participants in 20 private houses in a uniform settlement in Copenhagen were exposed to two light epochs of 3 weeks with blue-enriched (280 lux) and 3 weeks blue-suppressed (240 lux) indoor light or vice versa from 8 to 13 pm in a randomized cross-over design. The first light epoch was in October, the second in November and the...

  8. "WHAT'S BUGGING THE GUT IN OCD?" A REVIEW OF THE GUT MICROBIOME IN OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turna, Jasmine; Grosman Kaplan, Keren; Anglin, Rebecca; Van Ameringen, Michael

    2016-03-01

    The gut microbiome has become a topic of major interest as of late, with a new focus specifically on psychiatric disorders. Recent studies have revealed that variations in the composition of the gut microbiota may influence anxiety and mood and vice versa. Keeping the concept of this bidirectional "microbiota-gut-brain" axis in mind, this review aims to shed light on how these findings may also be implicated in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); potentially outlining a novel etiological pathway of interest for future research in the field. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. “Exorcist Illusion”: Twisting Necks in the Hollow-Face and Hollow-Torso Illusions

    OpenAIRE

    Papathomas, Thomas V.; Marcel De Heer; Xiaohua Zhuang; Tom Grace; Robert Bunkin

    2012-01-01

    We combine a convex facial mask with a concave torso?or vice versa?thus creating a single rigid object with a transition area at the neck, where convexity changes to concavity. This combination creates stunning illusions when the rigid object is set to motion. The two simplest effects are (1) when the object is rotated about its axis, the head appears to twist with respect to the torso, as in ?The Exorcist? film; (2) when it is rotated around an axis parallel to the shoulders, the head appear...

  10. Interest rate convergence in the EMS prior to European Monetary Union

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frömmel, Michael; Kruse, Robinson

    In this paper we analyze the convergence of interest rates in the European Monetary System (EMS) in a framework of changing persistence. This allows us to estimate the exact date of full convergence from the data. A change in persistence means that a time series switches from stationarity to non......-stationarity, or vice versa. It is often argued that due to the specific historical situation in the EMS the interest rate differential was non-stationary before the full convergence of interest rates was achieved and stationary afterwards. Our empirical results suggest that the convergence date has been very different...

  11. Impact of Support Uncertainties on the Modal Properties of Flooring Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Frier, Christian

    2017-01-01

    The paper addresses uncertainty related to boundary conditions of a rectangular concrete floor with focus on its impact on the modal properties of the flooring system. For this purpose, finite-element analysis has been performed using Mindlin theory The hypothesis is that even though a floor...... is intended to be simply supported along a given edge, if may to some extent be fixed, and vice versa. The influence of variation in the support conditions on the variation of eigenfrequencies of the flooring system is discussed, and the consequences for design of flooring systems is addressed....

  12. Topological Aspects of the FAITH Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobak, Murray; Long, Kurtis

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the following issues (1) What is relationship between surface pressure extrema and singular points? (2) Does every singular point in a pattern of skin friction lines occur at a surface pressure extremum? (and/or vice versa?) (3) Can this relationship be generalized to all geometries? (4) FAITH Project (5) Ongoing effort at NASA Ames Experimental AeroPhysics Branch (6) Multi-parameter wind tunnel investigation of flow around obstacle (7) Acquire data for CFD validation, optimization and (8) Relationship between FAITH and topology projects

  13. John Dewey and the savage mind: uniting anthropological, psychological, and pedagogical thought, 1894-1902.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallace, Thomas D

    2008-01-01

    In 1902 influential American philosopher John Dewey wrote a short essay on anthropolo-gists'view of the savage mind, arguing that it had had been unfairly dismissed as inchoate and incapable, when in fact the savage had much to teach scholars about the "present mind." The ideas presented in Dewey's essay were not only theoretical; they also served as the basis for his entire curriculum his famous laboratory school at the University of Chicago. Thus, the author argues that Dewey's pedagogical thought informed his anthropological thought, and vice versa.

  14. Longitudinal Relationships between Social Support and Posttraumatic Growth among Adolescent Survivors of the Wenchuan Earthquake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuji Jia

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to explore the longitudinal relationships between social support and posttraumatic growth (PTG among adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake. Follow-up assessments were conducted with 452 participants at 12, 18, and 24 months after the earthquake. The results showed that the level of social support at 12 and 18 months following the earthquake predicted subsequent PTG, but not vice versa. In addition, multi-group analyses of gender showed no gender differences between social support and PTG in the cross-lagged model. Thus, psychological interventions and care for survivors should focus on improving adolescent perceptions of social support when responding to stressful experiences.

  15. On the Duality of Discrete and Periodic Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jens V. Fischer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Although versions of Poisson’s Summation Formula (PSF have already been studied extensively, there seems to be no theorem that relates discretization to periodization and periodization to discretization in a simple manner. In this study, we show that two complementary formulas, both closely related to the classical Poisson Summation Formula, are needed to form a reciprocal Discretization-Periodization Theorem on generalized functions. We define discretization and periodization on generalized functions and show that the Fourier transform of periodic functions are discrete functions and, vice versa, the Fourier transform of discrete functions are periodic functions.

  16. The semiosis of students’ conceptual understanding of biochemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Musaeus, Peter; Mathiesen, Søren Læssøe; Dahl, Mads Ronald

    2013-01-01

    teaching including biochemistry teaching (Loertscher, 2011). The study seeks an answer to the problem of emergence in science students acquisition of concepts, not only how students form new sign hierarchies over time, but how say easy concepts suddenly change into a hard concepts(or vice versa) as new...... scales) of biochemical concepts were collected every week during a university semester. Archival data (e.g. biochemistry textbooks), diaries and a qualitative interview were collected with a biochemistry teacher. Methodological challenges are identified in studying conceptual change and the applicability...

  17. A new era begins: an official statement by Romanian Vice-Minister of Health Professor Bogdan Marinescu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinescu, B

    1990-06-01

    Dr. Bogdan Marinescu, Vice-Minister of Health, is responsible for mother and child care, prevention and care in schools and universities, and the newly created Family Planning Unit. The repeal, on December 25, 1989, of the law on abortion created the legal environment for the implementation of a national family planning program (FPP). The new program will be offered to all women who want it. Special attention will be given to women having an abortion. The primary objectives of the overall FPP of the Ministry of Health consists of decreasing maternal mortality and morbidity caused by abortion and facilitating the switch from using abortion techniques to modern contraceptive techniques. The 1st step will be the nomination of a head of the FP unit who could be either a gynecologist or and administrator advised by a gynecologist. The unit head will immediately create an operational task force. The Vice-Minister will chair the task force, with the unite head acting as secretary. There will be 9 officers in the task force: the head of the FPP and a senior gynecologist from one of the teaching hospitals, and the senior nursing tutor from the post-basic training college for nurses, the senior FP health statistician, the head of health education, a representative from the Romanian FP association and a consumer. The main goal of the task force is to facilitate the development of the program by advising the Vice-Minister on all issues pertaining to FP. The creation, on April 3, 1990, of a Society for Education in Contraception (SECS) will facilitate communication among, and education of, the public and specific groups at risk, such as adolescents. The family planning program will be progressively established, starting with the university teaching hospitals, and spreading to district and town hospitals, then polyclinics. Only obstetricians and gynecologists will be allowed, at least during this 1st phase, to prescribe contraceptives. The new contraceptives introduced in the

  18. Inter-Linking of Rivers: Are we on the right side?

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mukhopadhyay, R.

    for irrigation, the use of sprinkler-drip irrigation can be taken up as a popular movement and if needed may be given subsidy in price. A serious research effort and fresh thinking are needed to examine the prospect of overhauling the cropping... pattern in the country. Areas with less rainfall can be encouraged to develop selected crops that do not require much water, and vice-versa. It is a challenge to the agricultural scientists to decide on this issue. Since the country is same, one region...

  19. A Class of Optimal Rectangular Filtering Matrices for Single-Channel Signal Enhancement in the Time Domain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Rindom; Benesty, Jacob; Christensen, Mads Græsbøll

    2013-01-01

    . An interesting aspect is that the framework in which the filters are derived unifies the ideas of optimal filtering and subspace methods. A number of different optimal filter designs are derived in this framework, and the properties and performance of these are studied using both synthetic, periodic signals...... and real signals. The results show a number of interesting things. Firstly, they show how speech distortion can be traded for noise reduction and vice versa in a seamless manner. Moreover, the introduced filter designs are capable of achieving both the upper and lower bounds for the output SNR via...

  20. Dual action of antimuscarinic agents on the intestinal smooth muscle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Acharya SRK

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Propantheline, oxyphenonium, isoproponaide, epidosine, adiphe-nine and atropine were studied for their effect on the superfused infesting of guinea pig and rat. In small, concentrations, all drugs produced a contraction, which with increasing concentration, was Hocked. Occasionally, a contraction and a relaxation or vice versa was recorded. A partial antagonism and a potentiation on the action of acetylcholine (Ach during recovery was observed. In very high concentrations, all drugs produced a graded contraction of intestine, except adiphenine which produced a sustained contraction. Some- times, a contraction and a relaxation was also observed.

  1. Generalization of the Dirac’s Equation and Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid; Daei Kasmaei, Hamed

    2016-01-01

    Newton's second law is motion equation in classic mechanics that does not say anything about the nature of force. The equivalent formulations and their extensions such as Lagrangian and Hamiltonian do not explain about mechanism of converting Potential energy to Kinetic energy and Vice versa....... In quantum mechanics, Schrodinger equation is similar to Newton's second law in classic mechanics. Quantum mechanics is also extension of Newtonian mechanics to atomic and subatomic scales and relativistic mechanics is extension of Newtonian mechanics to high velocities near to velocity of light too...

  2. Manipulation of pulse propagation in a four-level quantum system via an elliptically polarized light in the presence of external magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karimi, R.; Asadpour, S. H.; Batebi, S.; Soleimani, H. Rahimpour

    2015-10-01

    The influence of external magnetic field and relative phase between two electric field components of the probe field on absorption-dispersion and group index of a four-level atomic system with two degenerate sublevels are investigated. The results show that, the behaviors of weak probe light can be controlled by an external magnetic field. It is shown that in the presence of the external magnetic field the additional electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) window can be obtained. Our result also reveal that the switching from slow to fast light or vice versa can be manipulated by changing the phase difference between the two circularly polarized components of a single coherent field.

  3. Rubens and Goltzius in dialogue. Artistic exchanges between Antwerp and Haarlem during the Revolt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filip Vermeylen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Haarlem school of painting is considered to be an archetype of the Dutch Golden Age, whereby a quintessential Dutchness is said to emanate from its famous landscape and genre paintings. In our contribution, we wish to challenge this perceived autonomy by taking stock of the artistic exchanges which took place between Haarlem and Antwerp during the first decades of the seventeenth century. A seminal example of this cross-fertilization occurred between Rubens and Goltzius. Cultural transmission thus took place in both directions: from Antwerp to Haarlem, and vice versa.

  4. Conservation and enhancement of fashion heritage. The role of post social history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Calanca

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Fashion and its history form a fundamental tile of the Cultural Heritage of a nation and a community. Over recent years “Fashion and Heritage” has meant institutional research project and studies. Particularly, in terms of Italian context, in the last decades, Italy and Fashion, are two keywords that can’t be separated: the contemporary image of Italy is deeply signed from fashion industry and vice versa. Italian fashion is indeed a cultural icon, an element of style and wellbeing, an aesthetic and establishing reference for the Quality of Life, in which history play a leading role.

  5. Collected Works of the 30th Chief of Staff, United States Army, June 1983 - June 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-01

    alu w-#w, aout ser.ous eco . haue raied lawgc a-mies to fight alongsi e allies Each nomac ptob•lms which hampered impcovement of mrk rime we have done...much hke that called for in thte. 1952 .bson Force to the current NATO sratey of flle rsponme. based Goal-,deady out of the question 9jVe. current eco ...to the CINCs. Are we better advised, therfoce, to keep the Army at a relativel fixed end strength. captaling on quality And vice versa Coming out of

  6. Conical intersections S0/S1 of thymine mediating the non-radiative photodestruction of cyclobutane dimers: a CASSCF level study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kancheva, P. B.; Delchev, V. B.

    2016-01-01

    Three new conical intersections S0/S1 (cis-anti, trans-syn and trans-anti) were fond which mediate the processes of photo-induced formation of cyclobutane thymine dimers. Their structures were optimized at the CASSCF(2,2) (Complete Active Space Self Consistent Field method) level of theory with the minimal bases set STO-3G*. The geometries were explored with respect to their structural and electron features. The found conical intersections S0/S1 give a clear indication that they could be included in the internal conversions of the 1ππ* excited states of the stacked dimers to cyclobutane photodimers and vice versa.

  7. Response to 'No country is an island: comment on the House of Commons report Human Reproductive Technologies and the Law'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargava, Pushpa M

    2005-07-01

    Edgar Dahl supports sex selection, e.g. through separation of X and Y sperm or through PGD. It is argued in this commentary that while such sex selection would seem reasonable for balancing a family (wanting a daughter if one already has a son, or vice-versa), it is likely to lead to skewing of female-male ratios, not only in India where it is already as low as 0.8 in certain parts, but possibly also in Great Britain as male chauvinism is not a thing of the past anywhere.

  8. Conservation and enhancement of fashion heritage. The role of post social history

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Calanca

    2013-01-01

    Fashion and its history form a fundamental tile of the Cultural Heritage of a nation and a community. Over recent years “Fashion and Heritage” has meant institutional research project and studies. Particularly, in terms of Italian context, in the last decades, Italy and Fashion, are two keywords that can’t be separated: the contemporary image of Italy is deeply signed from fashion industry and vice versa. Italian fashion is indeed a cultural icon, an element of style and wellbeing, an aesthe...

  9. Behavioral service solutional steps in the context of sexual harassment issues in higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Maulida, Intan Dewi

    2017-01-01

    This paper is an exploratory study of the polemic of sexual abuse in college. Academic community as an important factor in the context of homo-social, has the potential to grow in al-ghadabiyah and al-syahwaniyah. If a person is not able to control himself in a good direction, then lust will lead to negative direction and trigger mental illness conditions such as sexual harassment behavior, and vice versa. Behavioral service as a catalyst requires specifically earthing to overcome sexual hara...

  10. Importance of Residues Outside the Cation Binding Pocket for Na+ and K+ Binding to the Na+/K+-ATPase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Line; Toustrup-Jensen, Mads Schak; Einholm, Anja P.

    Mutagenesis studies have identified several oxygen-containing residues in the transmembrane region which are important for the coordination of Na+ and/or K+. These were later confirmed by the high-resolution crystal structures of the Na+/K+-ATPase with bound Na+ or K+. However, more information......-established that K+ antagonizes ouabain binding, and vice versa. Furthermore, recent crystal structures have shown that ouabain binds in an extracellular cavity created by residues of transmembrane helices 4, 5, and 6 (3). This cavity, which is lined by Phe785 and Phe788, as well as Phe318, Arg882, and Asp886, may...

  11. On the relation between dependency distance, crossing dependencies, and parsing. Comment on "Dependency distance: a new perspective on syntactic patterns in natural languages" by Haitao Liu et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Rodríguez, Carlos

    2017-07-01

    Liu et al. [1] provide a comprehensive account of research on dependency distance in human languages. While the article is a very rich and useful report on this complex subject, here I will expand on a few specific issues where research in computational linguistics (specifically natural language processing) can inform DDM research, and vice versa. These aspects have not been explored much in [1] or elsewhere, probably due to the little overlap between both research communities, but they may provide interesting insights for improving our understanding of the evolution of human languages, the mechanisms by which the brain processes and understands language, and the construction of effective computer systems to achieve this goal.

  12. Implied and Realized Volatility in the Cross-Section of Equity Options

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammann, Manuel; Skovmand, David; Verhofen, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Using a complete sample of US equity options, we analyze patterns of implied volatility in the cross-section of equity options with respect to stock characteristics. We find that high-beta stocks, small stocks, stocks with a low-market-to-book ratio, and non-momentum stocks trade at higher implied...... volatilities after controlling for historical volatility. We find evidence that implied volatility overestimates realized volatility for low-beta stocks, small caps, low-market-to-book stocks, and stocks with no momentum and vice versa. However, we cannot reject the null hypothesis that implied volatility...

  13. Improving the effectivity of work with Rosin-Rammler diagram by using MATLAB R GUI tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Brezáni

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A simple, yet powerfull tool for plotting cumulative percent oversize against particle size while using combination of a logarithmicand double logarithmic axis (RR diagram is here proposed. It has direct support for line approximation and thus RRdistribution parameters determination, along with ability to calculate oversize product from particle size value and vice versa. Aninsight of different approaches of RR size distribution parameters calculation is here given, along with an approach of graphing RRdiagram. MATLABR was used as a programming language for computation and graphical user interface design. The direct resultof this work is a public accessible file covered by the BSD License.

  14. Design of mode converters from TE circular om modes in circular waveguides to TE rectangular mo modes in rectangular waveguides for high power applications in the frequency range 1 to 30 GHz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janzen, G.

    1984-07-01

    A mode converter for transitions from circular symmetric modes to rectangular waveguide modes and vice versa for high power applications in plasma heating experiments is described. The converter conserves the power of all circular symmetric modes emitted by a gyrotron and aligns the fields into linearly polarized modes required for effective plasma heating by electron cyclotron or by lower hybrid resonance absorption. It also allows a convenient combination of the power output of several klystrons and mode conversion into modes with low attenuation. Suitable combinations of waveguide diameter and number of sectors dividing (or combining) the power avoid the excitation of unwanted modes.

  15. 3 October 2013 - Ukrainian Vice Prime Minister Ukraine K. I. Gryschenko welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Heuer who introduces Head of International Relations R. Voss; Head of Technology Department F. Bordry; Deputy Head of International Relations E. Tsesmelis; Deputy Legal Counsel M. Wilbers; Adviser for Ukraine T. Kurtyka; Signing of the Agreement between Ukraine and CERN concerning the granting of the status of Associate Member at CERN; in the LHC tunnel at Point 5 and visiting CMS experimental area with CERN Team Leader A. Petrilli.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    3 October 2013 - Ukrainian Vice Prime Minister Ukraine K. I. Gryschenko welcomed by CERN Director-General R. Heuer who introduces Head of International Relations R. Voss; Head of Technology Department F. Bordry; Deputy Head of International Relations E. Tsesmelis; Deputy Legal Counsel M. Wilbers; Adviser for Ukraine T. Kurtyka; Signing of the Agreement between Ukraine and CERN concerning the granting of the status of Associate Member at CERN; in the LHC tunnel at Point 5 and visiting CMS experimental area with CERN Team Leader A. Petrilli.

  16. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism (C677T), hyperhomocysteinemia, and risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease and venous thromboembolism: prospective and case-control studies from the Copenhagen City Heart Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Jeppe; Juul, Klaus; Grande, Peer

    2004-01-01

    Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with ischemic cardiovascular disease (ICD) and venous thromboembolism (VTE). We tested the hypothesis that methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T homozygosity with hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with ICD and VTE. First, 9238 randomly selected whites......) and 19% in ICD/VTE cases versus controls (P MTHFR C677T homozygosity was not associated with increased risk of ICD or VTE in subgroups after stratification...... in homozygotes versus noncarriers did not differ from 1.0. In conclusion, MTHFR C677T homozygosity with hyperhomocysteinemia is not associated with ICD or VTE; however, ICD/VTE is associated with hyperhomocysteinemia. Therefore, ICD and VTE may cause hyperhomocysteinemia, rather than vice versa....

  17. The influence of the Western Mediterranean Oscillation (WeMO) upon the spatio-temporal variability of precipitation over Catalonia (NE Iberia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Bustins, Joan-Albert

    2017-04-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated the existence of a statistically significant influence of the Western Mediterranean Oscillation index (WeMOi) on the rainfall totals of Catalonia (NE Spain). In the present study, I analyse the statistical relationship between the WeMOi/rainfall correlation coefficients and two pluviometric indices at seasonal and annual time scales. The rainfall database used in the analyses comprises 70 pluviometric series covering the 1950-2015 (66 years) study period, and they are spatially distributed throughout Catalonia. The two pluviometric indices considered are the coefficient of variation (CV) and the disparity consecutive index (S). The results of the spatial variability of rainfall showed the strongest influence of the WeMO over locations in which precipitation irregularity was highest (high CV and S values), and vice versa. The results of temporal rainfall variability showed that in the subperiods in which the correlation coefficients between the WeMOi and precipitation were weak, rainfall variability decreased (low CV and S values), and vice versa. The best results were found to occur in autumn and winter, and in annual rainfall. The main conclusion is that this Mediterranean teleconnection pattern strongly determines precipitation variability in its areas of influence.

  18. The nature of affective priming in music and speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goerlich, Katharina Sophia; Witteman, Jurriaan; Schiller, Niels O; Van Heuven, Vincent J; Aleman, André; Martens, Sander

    2012-08-01

    The phenomenon of affective priming has caught scientific interest for over 30 years, yet the nature of the affective priming effect remains elusive. This study investigated the underlying mechanism of cross-modal affective priming and the influence of affective incongruence in music and speech on negativities in the N400 time-window. In Experiment 1, participants judged the valence of affective targets (affective categorization). We found that music and speech targets were evaluated faster when preceded by affectively congruent visual word primes, and vice versa. This affective priming effect was accompanied by a significantly larger N400-like effect following incongruent targets. In this experiment, both spreading of activation and response competition could underlie the affective priming effect. In Experiment 2, participants categorized the same affective targets based on nonaffective characteristics. However, as prime valence was irrelevant to the response dimension, affective priming effects could no longer be attributable to response competition. In Experiment 2, affective priming effects were observed neither at the behavioral nor electrophysiological level. The results of this study indicate that both affective music and speech prosody can prime the processing of visual words with emotional connotations, and vice versa. Affective incongruence seems to be associated with N400-like effects during evaluative categorization. The present data further suggest a role of response competition during the affective categorization of music, prosody, and words with emotional connotations.

  19. Does the treatment ladder for systemic therapy in moderate to severe psoriasis only go up? The percentage of patients with severe psoriasis on biologics increases over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrascosa, J M; Rivera, N; Garcia-Doval, I; Carretero, G; Vanaclocha, F; Daudén, E; Gómez-García, F J; De-la-Cueva-Dobao, P; Herrera-Ceballos, E; Belinchón, I; Alsina, M; Sánchez-Carazo, J L; Ferrán, M; Lopez-Estebaranz, J L; Pérez-Zafrilla, B; Llamas, M; Rivera, R; Ferrándiz, C

    2015-10-01

    With the advent of biologic drugs in the management of moderate to severe psoriasis, there may have been a shift in therapeutic approach from rotational strategies to a unidirectional progression from topical treatments to the highest rung of the therapeutic ladder. We studied the frequency of switching from classic to biologic therapy and vice versa in a cohort of patients with psoriasis over a period of up to 5 years. Patients are included in the BIOBADADERM prospective registry when they are first prescribed any specific conventional or biologic systemic treatment. The data for each patient refer to the follow-up period from the time they entered the cohort until October 2013. To describe the pattern of switches from classic to biologic therapy and vice versa, we used the data in the registry on the first day of every 365-day period following the date each patient was included in the cohort. In total, 47.3% of the patients (926/1956) were prescribed a classic systemic drug and 52.7% (1030/1956) a biologic agent on entry into the study. Of the 741 patients who accumulated 5 years of follow-up, 21.9% (155) were receiving nonbiologic drugs and 78.1% (553) were on biologic therapy on the first day of their 5th year of follow-up. The proportion of patients receiving biologic therapy increased with longer follow-up. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and AEDV. All rights reserved.

  20. On the effects of changes in group status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radmila Prišlin

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Change is very frequent sociopsychological phenomena, that we notice when transformations from minority to majority, high to low social status, weak to strong social position and vice versa are being conducted. Causes of change are described in literature that deals with attitudes and persuasion, group dynamics, conformity and group development. But we lack the information concerned with consequences of change. This article describes three subjects related to this problem: (i assessment and evaluation of personal change, (ii assessment and evaluation of social change and (iii reactions to change-related agents in a group context. The author introduces a series of experiments based on loss-gain asymmetry (Tversky & Kahneman, 1991. The results implicate that assessment and evaluation of change is influenced by different agents like the direction of comparison (comparing past to present or vice versa, desirability of stability or change of attitudes, maintaining the positive views about the self or the group, gain or loss of group status or power. The change of group status leads to change in the perception of group-self similarity and group attraction, expectancies about future group interactions and group self-evaluation. Change of group status and power is a central determinant of intergroup relations.

  1. Investigating the Impact of Possession-Way of a Smartphone on Action Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zae Myung Kim

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available For the past few decades, action recognition has been attracting many researchers due to its wide use in a variety of applications. Especially with the increasing number of smartphone users, many studies have been conducted using sensors within a smartphone. However, a lot of these studies assume that the users carry the device in specific ways such as by hand, in a pocket, in a bag, etc. This paper investigates the impact of providing an action recognition system with the information of the possession-way of a smartphone, and vice versa. The experimental dataset consists of five possession-ways (hand, backpack, upper-pocket, lower-pocket, and shoulder-bag and two actions (walking and running gathered by seven users separately. Various machine learning models including recurrent neural network architectures are employed to explore the relationship between the action recognition and the possession-way recognition. The experimental results show that the assumption of possession-ways of smartphones do affect the performance of action recognition, and vice versa. The results also reveal that a good performance is achieved when both actions and possession-ways are recognized simultaneously.

  2. Loneliness and Cognitive Function in Older Adults: Findings From the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Bao-Liang; Chen, Shu-Lin; Tu, Xin; Conwell, Yeates

    2017-01-01

    To examine the relationship between loneliness and cognitive function and to explore the mediating role of physical health on the loneliness-cognition relationship in Chinese older adults (OAs). Data came from a nationally representative sample of 14,199 Chinese OAs (aged 65+) from 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2011 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. A latent variable cross-lagged panel model combined with mediation analysis was used to determine the relationship between loneliness and cognitive function and the mediating effect of increase in the number of chronic conditions (ΔNCCs) on the ascertained loneliness-cognition relationship. Severe loneliness at prior assessment points was significantly associated with poorer cognitive function at subsequent assessments, and vice versa. The ΔNCCs partially mediated this prospective reciprocal relationships, accounting for 2.58% of the total effect of loneliness on cognition and 4.44% of the total effect of cognition on loneliness, respectively. Loneliness may predict subsequent cognitive decline, and vice versa. This loneliness-cognition relationship is partially explained by their impact on physical health. Multidisciplinary interventions aimed at reducing loneliness and cognitive decline per se and their associated risk factors as well as improving chronic illness management would be beneficial for emotional well-being and cognitive health in OAs. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. The role of colour in implicit and explicit memory performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernon, David; Lloyd-Jones, Toby J

    2003-07-01

    We present two experiments that examine the effects of colour transformation between study and test (from black and white to colour and vice versa, of from incorrectly coloured to correctly coloured and vice versa) on implicit and explicit measures of memory for diagnostically coloured natural objects (e.g., yellow banana). For naming and coloured-object decision (i.e., deciding whether an object is correctly coloured), there were shorter response times to correctly coloured-objects than to black-and-white and incorrectly coloured-objects. Repetition priming was equivalent for the different stimulus types. Colour transformation did not influence priming of picture naming, but for coloured-object decision priming was evident only for objects remaining the same from study to test. This was the case for both naming and coloured-object decision as study tasks. When participants were asked to consciously recognize objects that they had named or made coloured-object decisions to previously, whilst ignoring their colour, colour transformation reduced recognition efficiency. We discuss these results in terms of the flexibility of object representations that mediate priming and recognition.

  4. Towards systemic sclerosis and away from primary biliary cirrhosis: the case of PTPN22.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyk, Daniel S; Mytilinaiou, Maria G; Milkiewicz, Piotr; Rigopoulou, Eirini I; Invernizzi, Pietro; Bogdanos, Dimitrios P

    2012-04-01

    Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease characterized by immune-mediated destruction of the small and medium size intrahepatic bile ducts. PBC patients often have concomitant autoimmune diseases, which are most often autoimmune thyroid disease, as well as Sicca syndrome. Occasionally, some PBC patients will also have systemic sclerosis of the limited cutaneous type (lcSSc). Conversely, up to one-fourth of SSc patients are positive for antimitochondrial antibody, the serologic hallmark of PBC. It is also common for SSc patients to have concomitant autoimmune disease, which may include PBC in rare cases. This has led to speculation of shared environmental and/or genetic factors, which lead to the development of PBC in SSc patients and vice versa. Recent genetic studies have revealed associations with several genes in both SSc and PBC. PTPN22 is one gene that has been associated with SSc, but not with PBC. It may be argued that some SSc patients with a particular genotype, which shares genes found in both conditions may develop PBC. Likewise, particular genes such as PTPN22 may infer susceptibility to SSc alone. The presence of PTPN22 may also contribute to the development of SSc in PBC patients. The lack of a large number of overlapping genes may, in part, explain the relative rarity of PBC with SSc and vice versa. This review will examine the literature surrounding the genetic associations of PBC and SSc, and the role of PTPN22 in particular.

  5. Multivariate co-integration analysis of the Kaya factors in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel; Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa

    2016-05-01

    The fundamental goal of the Government of Ghana's development agenda as enshrined in the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy to grow the economy to a middle income status of US$1000 per capita by the end of 2015 could be met by increasing the labour force, increasing energy supplies and expanding the energy infrastructure in order to achieve the sustainable development targets. In this study, a multivariate co-integration analysis of the Kaya factors namely carbon dioxide, total primary energy consumption, population and GDP was investigated in Ghana using vector error correction model with data spanning from 1980 to 2012. Our research results show an existence of long-run causality running from population, GDP and total primary energy consumption to carbon dioxide emissions. However, there is evidence of short-run causality running from population to carbon dioxide emissions. There was a bi-directional causality running from carbon dioxide emissions to energy consumption and vice versa. In other words, decreasing the primary energy consumption in Ghana will directly reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In addition, a bi-directional causality running from GDP to energy consumption and vice versa exists in the multivariate model. It is plausible that access to energy has a relationship with increasing economic growth and productivity in Ghana.

  6. Mindlessly Polite: A Conceptual Replication of the Emotional Seesaw Effect on Compliance and Information Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczmarek, Magdalena C; Steffens, Melanie C

    2017-01-01

    Recent studies demonstrated that the sequential induction of contrasting negative and positive emotions can be used as a social influence technique. The original field experiments found that whenever a sudden change in the emotional dynamic occurs - from negative to positive or vice versa - an increase in compliant behavior and an impairment in cognitive functioning can be observed. The goal of the present experiments was a conceptual replication and extension of the results in a more controlled and counterbalanced fashion. To this aim a novel emotion induction technique was created using an outcome related expectancy violation to induce and change emotions. In a first experiment, the influence of contrasting emotions (vs. only one emotion) on compliance, message processing and information recall was assessed among 80 undergraduate students. We were able to show that a positive, then negative experience, and vice versa, led to losses in processing efficacy, not only leaving individuals momentarily vulnerable to social influence attempts, but also impairing information recall. We replicated this pattern of findings in a second experiment (N = 41). The implications of this innovative induction technique and its findings for theory and future research on the emerging field on contrasting emotions as social-influence techniques are discussed.

  7. A longitudinal twin study on the association between ADHD symptoms and reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greven, Corina U; Rijsdijk, Frühling V; Asherson, Philip; Plomin, Robert

    2012-03-01

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disability commonly co-occur because of shared genetic risk factors. However, the stability and change of these genetic influences and the predictive relationships underlying this association longitudinally remain unclear. ADHD symptoms and reading were assessed as continuous dimensions in a UK general population sample of approximately 7,000 twin pairs. Parent ratings of ADHD symptoms and teacher ratings of reading were obtained at two ages: middle childhood (ages 7-8 years) and early adolescence (ages 11-12 years). Cross-lagged quantitative genetic analyses were applied. ADHD symptoms and reading significantly predicted each other over time. However, ADHD symptoms were a significantly stronger predictor of reading than vice versa. Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms of ADHD both contributed to the prediction of reading, but inattentiveness was a significantly stronger predictor. Furthermore, ADHD symptoms and reading were highly heritable, and their association was primarily attributable to shared genetic influences. Despite notable genetic innovation for each trait, genetic factors involved in the association of ADHD symptoms and reading over time were highly stable. ADHD symptoms may put children at increased risk for reading problems and vice versa. Moreover, enduring genetic mechanisms appear to be important in the association of ADHD symptoms and reading over time. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry © 2011 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

  8. A prospective study of weight development and behavior problems in toddlers: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Previous research has suggested that overweight children have a higher risk of behavior problems, but the causal direction of this relationship remains unclear. In a large prospective population study, we investigated whether child behavior problems and body mass index are associated in toddlers and whether overweight is a risk for behavior problems or vice versa. Methods The study was part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The sample consisted of 10 860 toddlers, followed up to age 36 months. We used data from maternal questionnaires from gestation week 17 and at child ages 18 and 36 months, and data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Child height and weight were assessed at child health stations and recorded by mothers. Behavior problems were assessed using shortened subscales from the Child Behavior Checklist. Statistical analyses were conducted using structural equation modeling. Results Behavior problems in toddlers were not associated with higher body mass index cross-sectionally at either age 18 or 36 months, and there was no indication that behavior problems caused increasing body mass index over time or vice versa. Conclusions The association between behavior problems and body mass index found in older children did not appear in toddlers up to age 36 months. Future studies should focus on the age span from 3 to 6 years, which includes the period of adiposity rebound. PMID:20961446

  9. A prospective study of weight development and behavior problems in toddlers: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagtvet Knut A

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous research has suggested that overweight children have a higher risk of behavior problems, but the causal direction of this relationship remains unclear. In a large prospective population study, we investigated whether child behavior problems and body mass index are associated in toddlers and whether overweight is a risk for behavior problems or vice versa. Methods The study was part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The sample consisted of 10 860 toddlers, followed up to age 36 months. We used data from maternal questionnaires from gestation week 17 and at child ages 18 and 36 months, and data from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Child height and weight were assessed at child health stations and recorded by mothers. Behavior problems were assessed using shortened subscales from the Child Behavior Checklist. Statistical analyses were conducted using structural equation modeling. Results Behavior problems in toddlers were not associated with higher body mass index cross-sectionally at either age 18 or 36 months, and there was no indication that behavior problems caused increasing body mass index over time or vice versa. Conclusions The association between behavior problems and body mass index found in older children did not appear in toddlers up to age 36 months. Future studies should focus on the age span from 3 to 6 years, which includes the period of adiposity rebound.

  10. The relationship between academic performance and recreation use among first-year medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slade, Alexander N; Kies, Susan M

    2015-01-01

    Self-care activities, including exercise, may be neglected by medical students in response to increasing academic demands. Low levels of exercise among medical students may have ripple effects on patient care and counseling. This study investigates the reciprocal role of recreation use and academic performance among first-year medical students. We combined retrospective administrative data from four cohorts of first-year medical students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 2006 to 2010 (n=408). We estimated regression models to clarify the role of changes in recreation use before examinations on changes in academic performance, and vice versa. The use of recreation facilities by first-year medical students was highly skewed. We found that changes in recreation use before an exam were positively associated with changes in exam performance, and vice versa. Students who make large decreases in their recreation use are likely to decrease their exam scores, rather than increase them. Students who make decreases in their recreation, on average, are likely to decrease their exam scores. These findings suggest that medical students may be able to boost their achievement through wellness interventions, even if they are struggling with exams. We find no evidence that decreasing wellness activities will help improve exam performance.

  11. The relationship between academic performance and recreation use among first-year medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander N. Slade

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Self-care activities, including exercise, may be neglected by medical students in response to increasing academic demands. Low levels of exercise among medical students may have ripple effects on patient care and counseling. This study investigates the reciprocal role of recreation use and academic performance among first-year medical students. Methods: We combined retrospective administrative data from four cohorts of first-year medical students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 2006 to 2010 (n=408. We estimated regression models to clarify the role of changes in recreation use before examinations on changes in academic performance, and vice versa. Results: The use of recreation facilities by first-year medical students was highly skewed. We found that changes in recreation use before an exam were positively associated with changes in exam performance, and vice versa. Students who make large decreases in their recreation use are likely to decrease their exam scores, rather than increase them. Discussion: Students who make decreases in their recreation, on average, are likely to decrease their exam scores. These findings suggest that medical students may be able to boost their achievement through wellness interventions, even if they are struggling with exams. We find no evidence that decreasing wellness activities will help improve exam performance.

  12. Hybrid DBW propulsion control systems with the MRF commutator prime mover

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fijalkowski, B. [Cracow Univ. of Technology (Poland)

    2000-07-01

    The present contribution describes a new concept in hybrid drive-by-wire (DBW) all-wheel-drive (AWD) propulsion and/or a M-E brake-by-wire (BBW) all-wheel-brakeable (AWB) dispulsion control systems based on the use of a novel reciprocating prime mover, named the Fijalkowski engine, that is, a novel magneto-rheological fluid (MRF) mechatronic translational-motion (TM) to rotary-motion (RM) and/or vice versa, that is TM-RM/RM-TM commutator, 2-, 4- or even 5-stroke thermodynamic cycle, piston-type, reciprocating internal combustion engine (ICE). It comprises a 'four-in-one' silent, mechano-electrical/electro-mechanical (M-E/E-M) flywheel/damper generator/motor, that is, a brushless, magnetoelectrically-excited, macroelectronically-commutated alternating-current (AC), to direct-current (DC) and/or vice versa, that is, an AC-DC/DC-AC macrocommutator, interior-permanent-magnet (IPM) flywheel/damper generator/motor to provide propulsive or dispulsive energy for an E-M drive-by-wire (DBW) all-wheel drivable (AWD) propulsion or a M-E brake-by-wire (BBW) all-wheel-brakeable (AWB) dispulsion, respectively. (author)

  13. The reciprocal associations between identity disturbance, relationship disturbance, and suicidal ideation among Chinese adolescents: A three-wave cross-lag study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Yaxuan; Zhang, Xu; You, Jianing; Jiang, Yongqiang; Lin, Min-Pei; Leung, Freedom

    2017-12-18

    Adolescence is a developmental period associated with a heightened risk for suicidal ideation. During this phase of life, individuals tend to focus on both intrapersonal self and interpersonal relationships. Thus, it is of much significance to understand the roles of intrapersonal and interpersonal factors in the development of suicidal ideation among adolescents. The present study examined the reciprocal associations between identity disturbance, relationship disturbance, and suicidal ideation by using a three-wave cross-lag model in a sample of adolescents. A number of 3,600 Chinese adolescents (56.6% females, mean age = 14.58 years) completed questionnaires assessing the three main study variables as well as depressive symptoms, anxiety, and suicidal attempts three times at 6-month intervals. After controlling for gender, age, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and suicidal attempts, relationship disturbance significantly predicted suicidal ideation over time, and vice versa. Suicidal ideation significantly predicted identity disturbance over time, but not vice versa. We also found the mediating effect of relationship disturbance in the path from identity disturbance to suicidal ideation. The results suggested the important role of previous relationship disturbance in predicting later suicidal ideation. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings were discussed. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. SU-F-T-487: On-Site Beam Matching of An Elekta Infinity with Agility MLC with An Elekta Versa HD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, C; Garcia, M; Mason, B; Kirsner, S [UT M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: Historically, beam matching of similar Linear Accelerators has been accomplished by sending beam data to the manufacturer to match at their factory. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate that fine beam matching can be carried out on-site as part of the acceptance test, with similar or better results. Methods: Initial scans of a 10 × 10 Percent depth dose (PDD) and a 40 × 40 beam profile at the depth of Dmax, for 6MV and 10 MV were taken to compare with the standard beam data from the Versa. The energy was then adjusted and the beam steered to achieve agreement between the depth dose and the horns of the beam profile. This process was repeated until the best agreement between PDD and profiles was achieved. Upon completion, all other clinical data were measured to verify match. This included PDD, beam profiles, output factors and Wedge factors. For electron beams PDD’s were matched and the beam profiles verified for the final beam energy. Confirmatory PDD and beam profiles for clinical field sizes, as well as Output Factors were measured. Results: The average difference in PDD’s for 6MV and 10MV were within 0.4% for both wedged and open fields. Beam profile comparisons over the central 80% of the field, at multiple depths, show agreement of 0.8% or less for both wedged and open fields. Average output factor agreement over all field sizes was 0.4% for 6MV and 0.2 % for 10MV. Wedge factors agreement was less than 0.6% for both photon energies over all field sizes. Electron PDD agreed to 0.5mm. Cone ratios agreed to 1% or less. Conclusion: This work indicates that beam matching can be carried out on-site simply and quickly. The results of this beam matching can achieve similar or better results than factory matching.

  15. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YMR047C, YDR229W [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , may partially counteract the action of Vps33p and vice versa, localizes to the rim of the vacuole as cells approach...s33p and vice versa, localizes to the rim of the vacuole as cells approach stationary phase Rows with this p

  16. 41 CFR 105-57.002 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... not limited to, salary, bonuses, commissions, and vacation pay) from an employer remaining after the...) Employer means a person or entity that employs the services of others and that pays their wages or salaries... vice versa, and words signifying the masculine gender shall include the feminine and vice versa. The...

  17. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Giorgiana GRAMA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The psychological contract became known as a research paradigm within corporate research, providing a broad framework which explains the employee-company relations. Despite all this, there are still many debates on the concept and a series of criticism were expressed that led to the necessity of some more rigorous theoretical and empirical analysis. The psychological contract refers to the unwritten, implicit expectations that employees have from the company and vice versa; it is that which defines the things the employee expects from the employer. Consequently, each of the parties involved in the contract may have different perceptions on these commitments and obligations. Thus the psychological contract may be regarded as an exchange relation between the employer and the employee. Breaking the psychological contract affects the performance, the morale, and the motivation of the staff in a negative manner. The information presented in this paper is intended to contribute to the theoretical and methodological development of the concept.

  18. A vingança do fetiche: reflexões sobre indústria cultural, educação pela dureza e vício The revenge of the fetish: reflection on the culture industry, education through harshness and vice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Álvaro Soares Zuin

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Os danos no processo formativo, decorrentes da hegemonia da indústria cultural, são investigados há algum tempo por pesquisadores das áreas de filosofia, psicologia, sociologia e história da educação. De forma geral, concluiu-se que não há uma relação de causa e efeito entre a indústria cultural e a produção de consciências reificadas. Porém, é preciso compreender de que modo o consumidor dos produtos da indústria cultural se esforça para permanecer na condição de objeto, ao invés de ser sujeito de suas ações. Tem-se como objetivo, neste artigo, refletir sobre a produção e propagação deste impulso conformista. Para tanto, parte-se do seguinte pressuposto: a chave para o entendimento das nuances desse impulso se encontra na análise das transformações históricas da relação entre a indústria cultural e a educação pela dureza.The impairments of the educational process resulting from the predominance of the culture industry have long been a subject of investigation for researchers in the fields of philosophy, sociology and history of education. Their conclusions usually state that there is no cause-effect relationship between the culture industry and the production of reified consciences. However, one must understand how the consumer of the culture industry products prefers sticking to his condition of object to being the subject of his own actions. This article reflects upon how this conformist impulse is generated and propagated. To this end, it starts from the following postulation: the key to understanding the nuances of this impulse lies in the analysis of the historical transformations of the relation between the cultural industry and the education through harshness.

  19. The Worldhood university

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsen, Søren Smedegaard; Nørgård, Rikke Toft

    now approach the mode 3 university, which is a university for, in, and of the world. However, new difficulties and challenges also become visible when moving into the mode 3 worldhood university. As we have argued elsewhere making the university belong to the world, and vice-versa, is a challenge...... and society risks breaking down, when the purpose of the university is no longer clear to the public, and indeed this becomes further complicated when the notion of the public itself becomes confused. Hereby we risk that the dialogue between the university and the public – their thinking together – breaks...... as an enclosed world is, as Barnett points out, that it may become ideological as well, where “[t]he university is unable to think imaginatively about itself, beyond its contemporary self-understandings.”, whereby our reflections on the future university needs to include a “counter-ideology thinking.” (Barnett...

  20. The last interglacial climate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Rasmus A.; Langen, Peter L.; Vinther, Bo M.

    2017-01-01

    sea surface temperatures and sea ice conditions and pre-industrial insolation, and vice versa. The coupled simulation yields an annual mean global warming of approximately 0.5 °C compared to pre-industrial conditions. While the warming over the continents follows the annual cycle of the insolation......The last interglacial climate was influenced by substantial changes in the annual insolation cycle that led to a warmer climate state with pronounced high northern latitude warming. We analyze the impact of the insolation changes 125,000 years before present using an equilibrium snapshot simulation...... with the EC-Earth coupled climate model at high spatial resolution. Using additional atmosphere-only simulations, we separate the direct impact from the changed insolation from the secondary contribution from changed sea surface conditions. These simulations are forced with a combination of last interglacial...

  1. Understanding the Electron

    CERN Document Server

    Knuth, Kevin H

    2015-01-01

    Well over a century after the discovery of the electron, we are still faced with serious conceptual issues regarding precisely what an electron is. Since the development of particle physics and the Standard Model, we have accumulated a great deal of knowledge about the relationships among various subatomic particles. However, this knowledge has not significantly aided in our understanding of the fundamental nature of any particular elementary subatomic particle. The fact that many particle properties, such as position, time, speed, energy, momentum, and component of spin, are observer-dependent suggests that these relevant variables do not represent properties per se, but rather the relationship between the observer and the observed. That is, they reflect details about how the electron influences the observer, and vice versa. Here we attempt to understand this by considering a simple model where particles influence one another in a discrete and direct fashion. The resulting framework, referred to as Influence...

  2. The Superlative Knowledge in the Process of Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sartoon Mostafavi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the researcher studied the superlative knowledge (linguistic knowledge or technical knowledge in the process of translation. The translators should have both linguistic knowledge and technical knowledge in a certain field for translating the texts. Since some of the translators believed that linguistic knowledge is more important than technical knowledge or vice versa, this issue is of superlative knowledge was the focus of the study. Given its importance, the researcher chose to focus on the field of oil and energy. In addition, the translation in this field is poor, so the researcher wants to improve the translation. To perform this study, some of the participants took part in an interview. They discussed superlative knowledge in this field, and issues in translation of technical texts. Moreover, the other participants were given questionnaires which include 10 items. The study shows that translators should master both linguistic and technical knowledge to provide a proper translation of the text.

  3. Statistics of the galaxy distribution

    CERN Document Server

    Martinez, Vicent J

    2001-01-01

    Over the last decade, statisticians have developed new statistical tools in the field of spatial point processes. At the same time, observational efforts have yielded a huge amount of new cosmological data to analyze. Although the main tools in astronomy for comparing theoretical results with observation are statistical, in recent years, cosmologists have not been generally aware of the developments in statistics and vice versa.Statistics of the Galaxy Distribution describes both the available observational data on the distribution of galaxies and the applications of spatial statistics in cosmology. It gives a detailed derivation of the statistical methods used to study the galaxy distribution and the cosmological physics needed to formulate the statistical models. Because the prevalent approach in cosmological statistics has been frequentist, the authors focus on the most widely used of these methods, but they also explore Bayesian techniques that have become popular in large-scale structure studies.Describi...

  4. What is the Anthropocene?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Lucy E.

    2015-01-01

    Since Paul Crutzen and Eugene Stoermer introduced the word “Anthropocene” in 2000, scientists and nonscientists alike have used the word to highlight the concept that we are now living in a time when the global environment, at some level, is shaped by humankind rather than vice versa. Humans have significantly altered Earth’s land surface, oceans, rivers, atmosphere, flora, and fauna.  By its emphasis on the here and now and on what humans have done and can do in the future, the word “Anthropocene” has served as a call to action for environmental sustainability and responsibility [Crutzen and Stoermer, 2000; Waters et al., 2014; Ruddiman et al., 2015].

  5. The Longitudinal Interplay of Affective and Cognitive Empathy within and between Adolescents and Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Lissa, Caspar J.; Hawk, Skyler T.; de Wied, Minet; Koot, Hans M.; van Lier, Pol; Meeus, Wim

    2014-01-01

    This 4-year study examined longitudinal interplays between adolescents' and mothers' self-reported empathic concern (EC) and perspective taking (PT). We investigated (a) whether adolescents' EC predicted rank-order change in their PT over time, or vice versa; (b) whether mothers' empathy predicted relative increases in adolescents' empathy; (c)…

  6. The relationship between pronunciation and listening discrimination when Japanese natives are learning English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimamune, S; Smith, S L

    1995-01-01

    Two Japanese students were taught to pronounce and discriminate English words that contain unfamiliar phonemic contrasts (e.g., rock and lock). Teaching pronunciation was found to be easier than teaching listening discrimination. Teaching listening discrimination resulted in collateral improvement in pronunciation and, to a lesser extent, vice versa.

  7. The direct piezoelectric effect in the globular protein lysozyme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, A.; Noor, M. R.; Sweeney, J.; Casey, V.; Kholkin, A. L.; Silien, C.; Gandhi, A. A.; Soulimane, T.; Tofail, S. A. M.

    2017-10-01

    Here, we present experimental evidence of the direct piezoelectric effect in the globular protein, lysozyme. Piezoelectric materials are employed in many actuating and sensing applications because they can convert mechanical energy into electrical energy and vice versa. Although originally studied in inorganic materials, several biological materials including amino acids and bone, also exhibit piezoelectricity. The exact mechanisms supporting biological piezoelectricity are not known, nor is it known whether biological piezoelectricity conforms strictly to the criteria of classical piezoelectricity. The observation of piezoelectricity in protein crystals presented here links biological piezoelectricity with the classical theory of piezoelectricity. We quantify the direct piezoelectric effect in monoclinic and tetragonal aggregate films of lysozyme using conventional techniques based on the Berlincourt Method. The largest piezoelectric effect measured in a crystalline aggregate film of lysozyme was approximately 6.5 pC N-1. These findings raise fundamental questions as to the possible physiological significance of piezoelectricity in lysozyme and the potential for technical applications.

  8. Preliminary Study of the Confined, Collateral, and Combined Effects of Reading and Behavioral Interventions: Evidence for a Transactional Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Clayton R.; Dart, Evan; Collins, Tai; Restori, Alberto; Daikos, Chris; Delport, John

    2012-01-01

    Recent correlational studies provide support for a transactional relationship between reading and behavior problems. A transactional relationship implies that reading problems cause behavior problems, and vice versa. This study took this basic finding and examined its implications for intervention. Specifically, this study employed single-case…

  9. The role of extra-linguistic factors in receptive bilingualism : Evidence from Danish and Swedish pre-schoolers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schüppert, Anja; Gooskens, Charlotte

    Danish and Swedish are closely related languages that are generally mutually intelligible. Previous research has shown, however, that Danes comprehend more spoken Swedish than vice versa. It has been suggested that this asymmetry is caused by extra-linguistic factors such as literacy, contact with,

  10. LysM domains mediate lipochitin-oligosaccharide recognition and Nfr genes extend the symbiotic host range

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Radutoiu, Simona; Madsen, Lene H; Madsen, Esben B

    2007-01-01

    Legume-Rhizobium symbiosis is an example of selective cell recognition controlled by host/non-host determinants. Individual bacterial strains have a distinct host range enabling nodulation of a limited set of legume species and vice versa. We show here that expression of Lotus japonicus Nfr1...

  11. The Lifelong Learning in the Field of Employment Policy in Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hužovičová Mária

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The rate of employment (or vice versa the rate of unemployment is an important indicator of economic maturity and quality of life in a particular country. Compared to other countries of the European Union, unemployment in the Slovak Republic is a serious problem. Improving the quality and the efficiency of Slovak educational institutions can be one of the ways how to struggle with this problem. The Slovak economy has been transformed from planned economy to market economy, and, therefore, retraining, re-educations and improvement (in the field of industry and services have been required. The Institute of Lifelong Learning is very helpful in this field. The article deals with shortcomings of the Institute of Lifelong Learning and it points out the reality leading to drawbackks. It also concerns the following possibilities, which might improve the current situation. In a theoretical analysis of the current state, we define the basic terms and problems in this field.

  12. ABUSE OF INTERNET SERVICES IN THE WORKPLACE AND THE EMERGENCE OF ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateja Gorenc

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Employees who abuse Internet privileges have become a major concern among today's employers. Employees misuse Internet at the workplace due to the overcrowded schedule, pressures at work, etc. Internet for private purposes is also used as a release or escape from work, escape from the reality of the workplace or due to poor organizational climate; it can be used as an efficient use of time at work but it can also be excessively used when the employees are not monitored. The survey results show that there is a correlation between Internet addiction and misuse of the Internet in the workplace. Electronic monitoring has a strong impact on the abuse of the Internet. More electronic monitoring will decrease the abuse of the internet services in the workplace and vice versa. Organizational climate, relations in the working organization, the Internet policy and demographic factors do not affect the abuse of Internet services in the workplace.

  13. The automatic alignment system of GEO 600

    CERN Document Server

    Grote, H; Freise, A; Gossler, S; Willke, B; Lück, H B; Ward, H; Casey, M; Strain, K A; Robertson, D; Hough, J; Danzmann, K

    2002-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the automatic mirror alignment system of the modecleaner and main interferometer of the GEO 600 gravitational wave detector. In order to achieve the required sensitivity of the detector, the eigenmodes of all optical cavities have to be aligned with respect to the incoming beams (or vice versa) and kept aligned for long measuring periods. Moreover the beam spots have to be centred on the mirrors to minimize coupling of residual angular mirror motion into changes of the optical path length. An overview of the principles and setup for the automatic alignment is given, and first results of the modecleaner and 1200 m cavity alignment system are presented, including the error-point spectra of mirror angular motions, which are smaller than 10 sup - sup 8 rad Hz sup - sup 1 sup / sup 2 below 10 Hz.

  14. Adjoint(e) de direction à la Vice-présidente, Stratégie générale et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résumé des fonctions Sous la direction de la vice-présidente, Stratégie générale et communications, et relevant du conseiller principal en stratégie et communications, l'adjoint de direction fournit de l'appui en secrétariat et en administration au BVP-SGC, et en particulier à la vice présidente, procurant un vaste éventail de ...

  15. Effect of the Pore Size Distribution on the Displacement Efficiency of Multiphase Flow in Porous Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yongfei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the complexity of porous media, it is difficult to use traditional experimental methods to study the quantitative impact of the pore size distribution on multiphase flow. In this paper, the impact of two pore distribution function types for three-phase flow was quantitatively investigated based on a three-dimensional pore-scale network model. The results show that in the process of wetting phase displacing the non-wetting phase without wetting films or spreading layers, the displacement efficiency was enhanced with the increase of the two function distribution’s parameters, which are the power law exponent in the power law distribution and the average pore radius or standard deviation in the truncated normal distribution, and vice versa. Additionally, the formation of wetting film is better for the process of displacement.

  16. Sagittal parameters of the spine: biomechanical approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussouly, Pierre; Pinheiro-Franco, João Luiz

    2011-09-01

    According to the anatomical segmentation, spine curves are the sacral kyphosis (sacrum), lumbar lordosis (L1 to L5), thoracic kyphosis (T1 to T12) and cervical lordosis (C1 to C7). From the morphological point of view the vertebrae of a curve are not identical: from cranial to caudal and vice versa there is a progressive anatomical modification. Both curves of the thoraco-lumbar spine may be divided at the Inflexion Point where lordosis turns into kyphosis. A geometrical construct of each curve by two tangent arcs of circle allows understanding the reciprocal changes between both curves. Lumbar Lordosis is mainly dependent on SS orientation, and the top of thoracic curve on C7 is very stable over the sacrum. Thoracic curve is dependent on lumbar lordosis orientation and C7 positioning. On a reverse effect, structural changing of thoracic kyphosis may affect the shape of the lumbar lordosis and the orientation of the pelvis.

  17. [The relationships of intelligence and memory assessed using the WAIS-IV and the WMS-IV].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepach, A C; Daseking, M; Petermann, F; Waldmann, H C

    2013-11-01

    This study examines the relationships of intelligence and memory scores derived from WAIS-IV and WMS-IV. We were especially interested in the reciprocal predictive values of the test scales. A sample of 137 healthy adults with an age range between 16 and 69 years was assessed with the WAIS-IV and the WMS-IV. The test order was balanced. Pearson correlations were conducted on the subtest and scale level. A series of 14 linear regression models was tested with memory performance as predictor for intelligence and vice versa. A model including the 3 main memory scales of the WMS-IV was able to predict the global IQ best. It nevertheless explained only 46% of the variance. The memory and intelligence measures show significant relationships, but also represent distinct functions. WAIS-IV and WMS-IV complement one another. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18. ANALYSIS OF THE CAPITAL MARKET IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Buljat

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The financial crisis that began in 2008 in the USA turned into a global economic crisis in a short time. As such, it had a big impact on the financial stability of Croatia, primarily on capital market. Capital market includes securities trading, primarily stocks and bonds, whose market value is influenced by the market capitalization of capital market and vice versa. Macro economically, market capitalization had an influence on the fall in the value of the entire capital market, and micro economically, it had an influence on the fall of the prices of stocks, bonds and other financial instruments of companies. The volume of trade decreased, but there was an increase in the number of transactions. In other words, people traded more and in smaller quantities. Therefore, the risk increased, and investors became more cautious.

  19. 1st June 2011 - Representatives of Chinese Ministries and Officials, Organization Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee People’s Republic of China led by Vice Minister J. Tian and accompanied by Lausanne IMD Faculty Professor D. Cossin.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    They split into two groups to visit the Universe of Particles exhibition in the Globe of Science and Innovation and the ATLAS visitor centre. One group is seen here, with Steve Goldfarb, ATLAS outreach co-coordinator.

  20. Ekphrasis’ and Fanopeia’s Effects in the cinematic representation of The RighStuff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Ricardo Demétrio

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes an analysis of a sequence of the film The rightStuff, 1983, by Philip Kaufman, making from it a parallel with the text of Tom Wolfe in the book-entry of the same name, which inspired the film. Based on concepts from rhetoric and literary theory - read ekphrasis and fanopeia - which deal with literary representations of images and vice-versa, we intend to seek similarities and differences between works in different art forms - literature and cinema. The intention is to create a system of representation, which passes through the directos’s imaginary to interpret and adapt the book by Tom Wolfe, who used the literary journalism to register the odyssey Mercury Project and the mission of the first NASA astronauts.

  1. ARCHITECTURE IN THE ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION: MUSLIM BUILDING OR ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayat Ali Yassin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main problem of the theory in the arena of islamic architecture is affected by some of its Westernthoughts, and stereotyping the islamic architecture according to Western thoughts; this leads to the breakdownof the foundations in the islamic architecture. It is a myth that islamic architecture is subjected to theinfluence from foreign architectures. This paper will highlight the dialectical concept of islamic architecture ormuslim buildings and the areas of recognition in islamic architecture. It will also widen the knowledge in thecharacteristics of each point in time according to the stages of islamic architecture from the prophetic agemoving through the architecture outside the city of Medina, the Caliphs, the Umayyad, Abbasid, andarchitectural models by spatial and time periods, taking Iraq as the example to explain how the Islam influentson architecture and vice versa.

  2. A useful relationship between epidemiology and queueing theory: the distribution of the number of infectives at the moment of the first detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trapman, Pieter; Bootsma, Martinus Christoffel Jozef

    2009-05-01

    In this paper we establish a relation between the spread of infectious diseases and the dynamics of so called M/G/1 queues with processor sharing. The relation between the spread of epidemics and branching processes, which is well known in epidemiology, and the relation between M/G/1 queues and birth death processes, which is well known in queueing theory, will be combined to provide a framework in which results from queueing theory can be used in epidemiology and vice versa. In particular, we consider the number of infectious individuals in a standard SIR epidemic model at the moment of the first detection of the epidemic, where infectious individuals are detected at a constant per capita rate. We use a result from the literature on queueing processes to show that this number of infectious individuals is geometrically distributed.

  3. The Role of the Anonymous Voice in Post-Publication Peer Review Versus Traditional Peer Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional peer review (TPR has several limitations and weaknesses. Post-publication peer review is one practical way to repair the ills of TPR and reinforce it. A literature that is marked by errors is unhealthy and should, if given the opportunity, be corrected or further improved. The anonymous voice is one source of critique and differs from the blind peer review in TPR in which the reviewer remains anonymous to the authors and/or vice versa, but the identity is known to the editor. If unregulated, the anonymous voice can pose a threat to established editorial norms in TPR, to one of the most important criteria of science publishing, i.e., transparency, and to worthwhile discussion. Yet, if the anonymous voice is not heard, then a vast and potentially valuable pool of untapped opinions may be lost, opinions that may provide valuable solutions to improving TPR.

  4. Obtaining the Varshni potential function using the 2-body Kaxiras–Pandey parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TEIK-CHENG LIM

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A generalized version of the Varshni potential function was adopted by Kaxiras and Pandey for describing the 2-body energy portion of multi-body condensed matter. The former’s simplicity and resemblance to a Morse potential allows faster computation while the latter’s greater number of parameters allows better curve-fitting of spectroscopic data. This paper shows one set of parameter conversion from the Varshni function to the 2-body portion of the Kaxiras–Pandey function, and vice versa two sets of parameter conversion. The latter two sets reveal good correlation between plotted curves, and were verified by the imposition of equal energy curvatures at equilibrium and equal energy integral from equilibrium to dissociation. These parameter conversions can also be attained more easily by equating the product of indices (for short range and the summation of index reciprocals (for long range.

  5. The trigger for barn owl (Tyto alba) attack is the onset of stopping or progressing of the prey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fux, Michal; Eilam, David

    2009-05-01

    Aiming at the question of whether barn owls favor to strike a moving or a stationary prey, we scrutinized the timing of launching 50 attacks of five barn owls (10 attacks/owl) in a captive environment. Attacks on stationary voles outnumbered attacks on moving voles, but this could merely reflect the higher portion of time during which voles were stationary. Notably, the majority of attacks (85-100%) were launched in less than 2s (measured at accuracy of 0.04 s) after the voles ceased to progress or initiated progression. Therefore, the trigger for launching an attack is the transition of the prey from locomotion to still posture or vice versa.

  6. Kontrol Liderin Elinde mi? Girişimcilik Okulundan Cevap = Is Control in the Hands of Leaders? the Answer Comes From the Entrepreneurial School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şafak GÜNDÜZ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In Business Administration discipline there have been various views on leader’s statue and role in strategy formation. Who is the strongest in the internal environment of the organization? Does the leader form the strategies or organizational dynamics do so? Does the organization follow the strategy, or vice versa? Is there control over chaos or chaos over control in the organization?The aim of this study is to examine the control-chaos paradox stated in Mintzberg’s “Strategy Safari” book within the perspective of Entrepreneurial School, which is one of the ten schools of strategic management and to underline the initiative of the leader with his “entrepreneur-oriented character”.

  7. The bacteremia of dental origin and its implications in the appearance of bacterial endocarditis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mang-de la Rosa, María R.; Castellanos-Cosano, Lizett; Romero-Perez, María J.

    2014-01-01

    Numerous systemic diseases may affect the oral cavity and vice versa,in particular severe diseases that involve the heart valve. In these cases, additional measures or a modification to our dental treatment need to be taken. We are aware of various diseases that can cause the emergence of bacterial endocarditis (BE), such as; rheumatic fever, valve lesions due to intravenous drug use, Kawasaki disease and valve surgery, among others. Due to its severity when it is not taken into account in dental treatment, we intend to show the evolution of the antimicrobial prophylaxis towards this condition. Furthermore, we intend to publish the current guidelines of institutions and societies which increasingly encourage rational antimicrobial use. In addition, we intend to examine the evidence of the possible origins of this disease during dental treatment and at the same time describe the necessary considerations that need to be taken during dental treatment. Key words:Endocarditis, antibiotic profilaxis, dental treatment. PMID:24121925

  8. PALEOECOLOGY AND EXTINCTION OF SOLENOMYA DODERLEINI IN THE PLIOCENIC SECTION OF THE STIRONE STREAM (ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentino Straser

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available As remains of organisms, fossils are indicators of ancient environments, the expression of a community that existed in the geological times and of its relationships with the past environment A marine mollusc that became extinct about three million years ago opens new horizons for reading our present time and, in perspective, possible future events such as important environmental disturbances. Thanks to its colonization of ancient marine environments and mainly thanks to its extinction which made it available to us, it allows the casting of new light on the delicate matter of the climatic mutations at a global scale as well as the possible action the magnetic field upon living organisms. The knowledge of present ecological mechanisms enables us to acquire important information about the past, and vice versa.

  9. The Visceral Novel Reader and Novelized Medicine in Georgian Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Class, Monika

    The article introduces "the visceral novel reader" as a diachronic, context-sensitive mode of novelistic reception, in which fact and fiction overlap cognitively: the mental rehearsal of the activity of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and touching while reading novels and, vice versa, the mental rehearsal of novels in the act of perceiving the real world. Located at the intersection of literature, medicine and science, "the visceral novel reader" enhances our understanding of the role that novels played in the dialectic construction of erudition in English. In Georgian Britain, reading practices became a testing ground for the professionalization of physicians, natural philosophers, and men of letters. While it was in the professionals' common interest to implement protocols that taught readers to separate body from mind, and fact from fiction, novels came to stand for "debased" (visceral) reading. Novels inverted these notions by means of medicalization (regimentation, somatization, and individuation) and contributed to the professional stratification of medicine and literature.

  10. Quantum quench dynamics of the Luttinger model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iucci, A.; Cazalilla, M. A.

    2009-12-01

    The dynamics of the Luttinger model after a quantum quench is studied. We compute in detail one- and two-point correlation functions for two types of quenches: from a noninteracting to an interacting Luttinger model and vice versa. In the former case, the noninteracting Fermi gas features in the momentum distribution and other correlation functions are destroyed as time evolves. In the infinite-time limit, equal-time correlations are power laws but the critical exponents are found to differ from their equilibrium values. In all cases, we find that these correlations are well described by a generalized Gibbs ensemble [M. Rigol, V. Dunjko, V. Yurovsky, and M. Olshanii, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 050405 (2007)], which assigns a momentum-dependent temperature to each eigenmode.

  11. The Possible Role of Dentin as a Piezoelectric Signal Generator by Determining the Elec-tromechanical Coupling Factor of Dentin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atabak Shahidi

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This article aimed at calculation of the electromechanical coupling factor of dentin which is an indicator of the effectiveness with which a piezoelectric material converts electrical en-ergy into mechanical energy, or vice versa. The hypothesis: The electro-mechanical coupling factor of dentin was determined in mode 11 and 33 by calculating the ratio of the produced electrical energy to the stored elastic energy in dentin under applied pressure. This study showed that the electromechanical coupling factor of dentin was affected by the direction of the applied force and the moisture content of dentin. Also dentin was a weak electromechanical energy converter which might be categorized as a piezoelectric pressure sensor.Evaluation of the hypothesis: Determination of the electrome-chanical coupling factor of dentin and its other piezoelectric constants is essential to investigate the biologic role of piezoelectricity in tooth.

  12. The 3-D numerical study of airflow in the compressor/combustor prediffuser and dump diffuser of an industrial gas turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Ajay K.; Yang, Tah-Teh

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes the 3D computations of a flow field in the compressor/combustor diffusers of an industrial gas turbine. The geometry considered includes components such as the combustor support strut, the transition piece and the impingement sleeve with discrete cooling air holes on its surface. Because the geometry was complex and 3D, the airflow path was divided into two computational domains sharing an interface region. The body-fitted grid was generated independently in each of the two domains. The governing equations for incompressible Navier-Stokes equations were solved using the finite volume approach. The results show that the flow in the prediffuser is strongly coupled with the flow in the dump diffuser and vice versa. The computations also revealed that the flow in the dump diffuser is highly nonuniform.

  13. Exploring the whereabouts of GLUT4 in skeletal muscle (review)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ploug, Thorkil; Ralston, Evelyn

    2002-01-01

    The glucose transporter GLUT4 is expressed in muscle, fat cells, brain and kidney. In contrast to other glucose transporters, GLUT4 in unstimulated cells is mostly intracellular. Stimuli such as insulin and muscle contractions then cause the translocation of GLUT4 to the cell surface. Questions...... related to GLUT4 storage compartments, trafficking to the surface membrane, and nature of the intracellular pools, have kept many groups busy for the past 20 years. Yet, one of the main questions in the field remains the universality of GLUT4 features. Can one extrapolate work done on fat cells to muscle...... or brain? Or vice-versa? Can one use cultures to predict GLUT4 behaviour in fully differentiated tissues? This review summarizes the authors' knowledge of GLUT4 biology in skeletal muscle, which is the predominant tissue for glucose homeostasis. The results are compared to those obtained with the fat cell...

  14. Role of the nucleus in apoptosis: signaling and execution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhorova, Evgeniia A; Zamaraev, Alexey V; Kopeina, Gelina S; Zhivotovsky, Boris; Lavrik, Inna N

    2015-12-01

    Since their establishment in the early 1970s, the nuclear changes upon apoptosis induction, such as the condensation of chromatin, disassembly of nuclear scaffold proteins and degradation of DNA, were, and still are, considered as the essential steps and hallmarks of apoptosis. These are the characteristics of the execution phase of apoptotic cell death. In addition, accumulating data clearly show that some nuclear events can lead to the induction of apoptosis. In particular, if DNA lesions resulting from deregulation during the cell cycle or DNA damage induced by chemotherapeutic drugs or viral infection cannot be efficiently eliminated, apoptotic mechanisms, which enable cellular transformation to be avoided, are activated in the nucleus. The functional heterogeneity of the nuclear organization allows the tight regulation of these signaling events that involve the movement of various nuclear proteins to other intracellular compartments (and vice versa) to initiate and govern apoptosis. Here, we discuss how these events are coordinated to execute apoptotic cell death.

  15. Spiritual Evolution as a Metamorphose (on the base of Victor Pelevin Novel "Life of Insects"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Shevchuk

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the aesthetic paradigm of the novel "Life of Insects" (1993, written by well-known Russian writer Victor Pelevin. Spiritual evolution or degradation of the heroes is represented by their metamorphosis from person to insect or vice versa. Actual questions of the novel are focused on the problems of spiritual vacuum, lost dignity, the meaning of life, the relationship to life as most rare and precious gift, the horror to live at the level of animal existence. The author models the reality, in which the insect mask captures the essence of the person. The focus is on the anthropocentric code of the novel, the evolutionary and regressive reasons, connected with the transmutations of the heroes.

  16. The concept verification testing of materials science payloads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griner, C. S.; Johnston, M. H.; Whitaker, A.

    1976-01-01

    The concept Verification Testing (CVT) project at the Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama, is a developmental activity that supports Shuttle Payload Projects such as Spacelab. It provides an operational 1-g environment for testing NASA and other agency experiment and support systems concepts that may be used in shuttle. A dedicated Materials Science Payload was tested in the General Purpose Laboratory to assess the requirements of a space processing payload on a Spacelab type facility. Physical and functional integration of the experiments into the facility was studied, and the impact of the experiments on the facility (and vice versa) was evaluated. A follow-up test designated CVT Test IVA was also held. The purpose of this test was to repeat Test IV experiments with a crew composed of selected and trained scientists. These personnel were not required to have prior knowledge of the materials science disciplines, but were required to have a basic knowledge of science and the scientific method.

  17. The Resurrection of Jesus: do extra-canonical sources change the landscape?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F P Viljoen

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The resurrection of Jesus is assumed by the New Testament to be a historical event. Some scholars argue, however, that there was no empty tomb, but that the New Testament accounts are midrashic or mythological stories about Jesus.� In this article extra-canonical writings are investigated to find out what light it may throw on intra-canonical tradition. Many extra-canonical texts seemingly have no knowledge of the passion and resurrection, and such traditions may be earlier than the intra-canonical traditions. Was the resurrection a later invention?� Are intra-canonical texts developments of extra-canonical tradition, or vice versa?� This article demonstrates that extra-canonical texts do not materially alter the landscape of enquiry.

  18. On the mechanism of toxicity of illudins: the role of glutathione.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMorris, T C; Kelner, M J; Wang, W; Moon, S; Taetle, R

    1990-01-01

    Illudin M and illudin S, antitumor sesquiterpenes from Omphalotus illudens, have been found to react with thiols in a pH-dependent manner. The optimum pH values for reaction of illudin M with methyl thioglycolate, cysteine, and glutathione were 5.8, 5.6, and 6.1, respectively, and pseudo-first-order rate constants at 25 degrees C (10-fold excess of thiol) were 44 x 10(-3), 11.5 x 10(-3), and 11.3 x 10(-3) min-1. In all cases, thiol added to the alpha, beta-unsaturated ketone giving an unstable intermediate. Subsequent loss of the tertiary hydroxyl and opening of the cyclopropane ring afforded a stable aromatic product. The toxicity of illudin S to HL60 cells was increased by lowering glutathione levels in the cells and vice versa. General toxicity and antitumor activity of illudins are discussed in the light of these results.

  19. The electro-oxidation of the mixture of formaldehyde and 2-propanol on gold (100 and (111 single crystal planes in alkaline medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRANISLAV Z. NIKOLIC

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The effect of formaldehyde on the oxidation of 2-propanol and vice versa on gold single crystal planes (100 and 111 was studied. An activating effect in the reaction of the simultaneous oxidation of 2-propanol and formaldehyde was obtained on a gold (100 plane. In the case of a gold (111 electrode, the activation effect was not obtained. It was concluded that the adsorption of formaldehyde on the electrode surface prevents the adsorption of poisoning species formed during the electro-oxidation of 2-propanol on the Au(100 plane, while this is not the case on the Au(111 plane. The different behaviour is caused by the difference in the symmetry of the surface atoms of these two Au single-crystal planes.

  20. Empirical test of the influence of global warming and forest disturbance on ant fauna at the Gwangneung Forest Long Term Ecological Research site, South Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tae-Sung Kwon

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the effects of forest disturbance and climate change on the ant fauna at the Long Term Ecological Research site in Gwangneung Forest, Korea in 2003 and 2012. After forest disturbance, the occurrence and abundance of ants belonging to the functional groups of forest ground forager and soil and litter dweller are predicted to decrease, while the occurrence and abundance of ants belonging to the open land forager and forest vegetation forager functional groups are predicted to increase. In terms of the effects of climate change, if the optimum temperature of the ants is lower than the annual average temperature in the survey area, the occurrence and abundance of the ants are predicted to decrease and vice versa. Ant surveys were carried out using pitfall traps. Changes in the dominant species, occurrence, and abundance mostly corresponded to the predictions for forest disturbance, but did not match the prediction for an increase in temperature.