WorldWideScience

Sample records for velykis antanas satkus

  1. Protected species of butterflies (Lepidoptera in the National Nature Park “Velyky Lug”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. K. Goloborodko

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Velyky Lug is a unique natural complex which has a large biogeographical, ecological, environmental, historical and recreational value. The National Nature Park “Velyky Lug” was only created as recently as 2006.The park is located in Zaporizhzhya region, 15–18 km south of the city Zaporizhzhya, within the limits of floodplain area of the Dnepr river, which broadens to a width of over 20 kmbetween Bilen’ke and Vasilivka (north-eastern part of the Kakhovskoe reservoir. This enormous expansion of the floodplain (about 80,000 ha which is situated between the Dnepr river and its tributary the Kins’ka was in historical times was called the Kin’ski Floodplain or Great Meadow. In modern times this territory is almost completely flooded by the waters of the Kakhovskoe reservoir. Remnants of natural habitats have been preserved along the river banks – in the form of little valleys and ravines which extend all the shore and also islands which appeared in 1956 when the reservoir was flooded. The overall area of the park “Velyky Lug” is 16,756 ha. Within the territory of the park “Velyky Lug” we have recorded 27 species of Lepidoptera which have various levels of conservation status. The taxonomical structure of the complex varies and included representatives of all basic families of moth and day butterflies which have species that are protected by law. In a taxonomical relation this complex is formed by the representatives of 11 families (Zygaenidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae, Noctuidae, Arctiidae, Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae, Satyridae, Lycaenidae. Zoogeographical analysis of the species that are protected in the territory of the park can be classified into 5 basic groups (Palearctic – 26%, Pontokazach – 26%, Mediterranean– 22%, Eurosiberian – 15%, European – 11%. Analysis of the biotopic advantages of the protected Lepidoptera species present in the territory of the park showed representatives from all

  2. More Carrots than Sticks: Antanas Mockus's Civic Culture Policy in Bogota

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buendia, Felipe Cala

    2010-01-01

    The son of a Lithuanian artist, Antanas Mockus was the president of the National University in Colombia before he became mayor of Bogota in 1995. As mayor, he transformed the city into a huge classroom, not only bringing to his administration a new view of governing but also transforming the way people exercised their citizenship. Mockus resorted…

  3. Análisis de la estrategia de campaña del candidato Antanas Mockus (marzo 2010 - junio 2010) a la luz de las herramientas del marketing político moderno de Philippe Maarek.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Cárdenas, Alejandra Zoé

    2012-01-01

    En el siguiente documento se hace un análisis de la contienda electoral del 2010 en Colombia, haciendo un mayor énfasis en la campaña del candidato Antanas Mockus a la luz de las herramientas del marketing político moderno según Philippe Maarek.

  4. Religinė ir tautinė tapatybė Antano Baranausko poetinėje autorefleksijoje | Religious and national identity in Antanas Baranauskas’s reflection of the poetical self

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    Dalia Čiočytė

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to investigate Antanas Baranauskas’s self-conception from the theoretical perspective of phenomenology and theology of literature. The focus of attention are the poet’s early poems, as they demonstrate intensity of the poetical self-consciousness. Baranauskas interprets both religious and patriotic sense of the poetical writing. He contemplates the transcendental meaning of poetry, creates the link between romantic / Biblical prophet and himself as a poet, between the Christian concept of neighbour and national feelings. Baranauskas’s literary thought is ingenious and attentive to semantic undertones.

  5. Postratamiento en escala piloto del lixiviado del relleno sanitario Antanas (Pasto, Nariño por filtración-adsorción con arena, antracita y carbón activado

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    Andrés Felipe López Guerrero

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación evaluó el postratamiento del lixiviado del relleno sanitario Antanas mediante tres filtros ascendentes en serie con arena, antracita y carbón activado granular. Se evaluaron rangos de tasas de filtración de 20-35, 60-100 y 150-300 m3/m2*d correspondientes a tiempos de contacto con el carbón de 48, 24 y 8 minutos. El seguimiento a cada condición se efectuó durante un mes, las remociones medias de DQO para dichas tasas y tiempos fueron 60,2, 54,3 y 31,4% respectivamente. El mejor desempeño del sistema dependió fundamentalmente del aumento del tiempo de contacto y no de la reducción de las tasas de filtración.

  6. Pensamiento pedagógico y político de Antanas Mockus: la comunicación y la constitución de un ciudadano contemporáneo

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    Absalón Jiménez B.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Gracias a la pedagogía como sistema de pensamiento es posible percibir lo que ha sido el proceso de formación de nuestra sociedad en cada periodo especifico, de un conjunto de metas culturales en las que la escuela como institución desempeña un importante papel, algunas que se plantearon como probables y también otras que se alcanzaron. Por medio del presente trabajo, de manera puntual, buscamos dilucidar la trasformación de la pedagogía y su relación con la política colombiana, mediante un estudio preciso de los principales intelectuales de la educación que ha tenido este país. Creemos que al abordar, en este caso, parte de la producción académica de Antanas Mockus, iniciamos el cubrimiento de una temática descuidada por la academia, y establecemos las bases de una línea de investigación que puede ser novedosa en el ámbito nacional. En su caso específico, nos proponemos dar cuenta de la transformación de su pensamiento, ya sea como docente e investigador, particularmente, en los años ochenta, cuando incursiona realizando una crítica a la tecnología educativa; luego, como pedagogo, cuando da a conocer en coautoría un libro de vital importancia para los educadores, Las fronteras de la escuela (1995; y por último, como un intelectual y político que centra su propuesta en la cultura ciudadana.

  7. La teatralidad y la videopolítica, estrategias empleadas en la construcción del personaje político. Caso de estudio: Antanas Mockus (Colombia)

    OpenAIRE

    Docaos, Otilia

    2004-01-01

    El tema de la comunicación política y sus efectos en la sociedad, ha sido motivo de numerosos análisis en la actualidad, por haberse producido un descentramiento de la política como mediadora entre los ciudadanos y el gobierno, estableciendo los medios de comunicación la agenda política y generando una opinión pública vacía de contenidos. El discurso político obedece más que a una ideología seguida por partidos políticos a las estrategias publicitarias del marketing político...

  8. Foreign ministers highlight energy as national priority

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Leedu välisminister Antanas Valionis rõhutas energiapoliitika tähtsust välispoliitikas. Urmas Paeti sõnul peab EL väljendama selget liini energiapoliitikas ning Venemaa ratifitseerima Energia Harta

  9. Mockus: Lithuanians work too much / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Välisleedulasest Colombia 2010. aasta presidendivalimiste kandidaat Antanas Mockus tuli Vilniusesse Demokraatiate Ühenduse kohtumisele. Ta kohtus Leedu välisministri Andronius Azubalisega ja vastas ajakirjanike küsimustele

  10. Echo of the Latvian political turmoil in Lithuania / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2011-01-01

    Leedu suursaadik Lätis Antanas Valionis kritiseeris Läti presidenti Valdis Zatlersit pärast tema 28. mai kõne ja leidis, et uued parlamendivalimised Lätis võivad venelastele suunatud jõududele kasulikud olla, samuti on praegune segadus Läti poliitikas halb riigi majanduse ja investeerimiskliima jaoks. 31. mail kohtus Antanas Valionis Leedu presidendi Dalia Grybauskaitega ja seejärel vabandas Valdis Zatlersi ees. Lätis elava Leedu filosoofi Arvydas Juozaitise raamatust "Riga - the civilization of nobody"

  11. Maalähedane "Tuuline rand" / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Režissööride Kaljo Kiisa ja Viktor Sõmeri filmist "Tuuline rand" (1971), kriitikute hinnangust filmile. Osades Heino Raudsik, Antanas Barcas, Leila Säälik, Katrin Välbe, Hugo Laur, Enn Kraam, Rein Aren, Jüri Järvet jt.

  12. One more piece of KGB puzzle put in place

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Leedu parlamendi erikomisjon leidis, et KGB reservi arvatud isikute staatus erineb teistest organisatsiooni töötajate ja salaagentide omast. Komisjon jõudis järeldusele, et Antanas Valionise ja Arvydas Pociuse kunagine kuulumine KGB reservi ei kujuta endast ohtu Leedu rahvuslikule julgeolekule.

  13. Kaunase kunstnike külaskäik Tartusse / Kübarsepp, Triin [?Riin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübarsepp, Triin [?Riin

    2006-01-01

    Tartus saab näha 21 eri põlvkondadesse kuuluva ja erinevaid stiile viljeleva Kaunase kunstniku loomingut. Näituse kuraatorid kunstiteadlased Kristina Budryte ja Armidas Zhalyps. Leitud ühisjooni eesti ja leedu kunstnike loomingus. Antanas Obcarkas - Siim-Tanel Annus, Alfonsas Vilpishauskas - Vano Allsalu, Agne Jonkute - Tõnis Saadoja. Näitusi aitas korraldada kunstikollektsionäär Matti Milius

  14. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna XI graafikatriennaal. Rotermanni soolaladu: "Puudutus"; Kunstihoone: "Puutujad"; Rahvusraamatukogu: Laste ja noorte graafikanäitus; Kastellaanimaja galerii: Wim Lamboo (s. 1949) "Eesti kunstnike portreed 1997" (fotograafia); Tallinna Botaanikaaed: "Maised rõõmud"; Rahvusraamatukogu: Antanas Sutkus (s. 1939) "Pro memoria" (fotograafia); Tammsaare majamuuseum: Eve Pärnaste "Ülelend" (maalid); Haapsalu Linnagalerii: Paul Allik "Seisundid" (aktimaalid).

  15. Moral, cultura y ley: estudios latinoamericanos sobre seguridad ciudadana

    OpenAIRE

    Josefina Echavarría Álvarez

    2014-01-01

    Antípodas de la violencia. Desafíos de cultura ciudadana para la crisis de (in)seguridad en América Latina. Antanas Mockus,Henry Murraín y María Villa (coords.) Corporación Visionarios por Colombia (Corpovisionarios), Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, Washington D. C., 2012, 282 págs., il.

  16. Omas mahlas / Raineras Vilumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilumaa, Raineras

    2004-01-01

    Leedu kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Omas mahlas" Tallinna Kunstihoones kuni 11. VII ja Rotermanni soolalaos kuni 8. VIII. Kuraatorid Anders Härm, Eha Komissarov ja Hanno Soans. 26. VI esitlesid kunstnikud Arturas Bumshteinas, Laura Garbshtiene (G-Lab) ja helilooja Antanas Jasenka oma heliinstallatsioone

  17. Mockus goes to run-off in Colombian presidential election / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    Kolumbias 30. mail toimunud presidendivalimistel sai Leedu juurtega Antanas Mockus 21% häältest, tema peamine vastane Juan Manuel Santos sai aga 47% häältest. Presidendivalimiste teine voor toimub 20. juunil. Poola presidendi Bronislav Komorowski ja Kreeka peaministri George Papandreu Leedu-juurtest

  18. Moral, cultura y ley: estudios latinoamericanos sobre seguridad ciudadana

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    Josefina Echavarría Álvarez

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Antípodas de la violencia. Desafíos de cultura ciudadana para la crisis de (inseguridad en América Latina. Antanas Mockus,Henry Murraín y María Villa (coords. Corporación Visionarios por Colombia (Corpovisionarios, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, Washington D. C., 2012, 282 págs., il.

  19. El integrismo de mockus. una apreciación de la "cultura ciudadana"

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Uribe Celis

    2009-01-01

    1,Por dos períodos de gobierno ya, Antanas Mockus, matemático, pedagogo, filósofo, docente universitario, ha detentado el segundo poder de la nación: la alcaldía de Bogotá. Quizá el mejor rasgo político de Mockus sea su capacidad probada para hacerse visible, para tener esa cualidad importante de lo político que se llama "visibilidad". La visibilidad de Mockus es de amplio radio: local, nacional, internacional. Aunque no toda derive de su propia fuente -por ejemplo, es hoy visible por el Tran...

  20. Baranauskų Silva rerum | Silva rerum of the Baranauskas family

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    Tomas Andriukonis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes a manuscript book Ułamki…, dated to 1855. This silva rerum, created in a rural environment, continues in a peculiar way the traditi­on of manuscripts prepared outside the limits of of­ficial institutions. Ułamki… was prepared within the textual community of the Baranauskas family. This community encompasses the Baranauskas family, and its structure repeats the patriarchic model of a family. Antanas and Anupras Baranauskas – authors of Ułamki… – dedicate this silva rerum to Jonas Ba­ranauskas – the central figure of this textual commu­nity as well as the head of the family.The part prepared by Anupras Baranauskas is composed of texts and drawings (sketches for art lessons and maps which come from his school ye­ars. The part by Antanas Baranauskas is composed of poems authored by himself, which might be read as a story of his attempts to secure a position of a scri­be as close to home as possible. Both parts include variations on the theme of tension between estrange­ment and identity. The book itself is understood as an effort to overcome this opposition by means of a written text as well as to vindicate identity and extant links within the textual community and at the same time the family. It is this effort that provides unity to this book, which prima facie seems rather diffuse.

  1. Storytelling, narrativas de campaña. Campañas electorales para la presidencia en Colombia, 2010

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    Eugénie Richard

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta el storytelling como una nueva herramienta de comunicación estratégica para los candidatos en campaña, que permite conectar y convencer a los votantes mediante la narración de una historia que se basa en los imaginarios colectivos y los invita a compartirla mediante las redes sociales. Hace un análisis de la historia que contó el expresidente Uribe y que sentó las bases de las narraciones que se iban a contar durante la campaña presidencial de 2010 en Colombia. Se muestra cómo Antanas Mockus fue el candidato que mejor supo aprovechar los recursos del storytelling, con una utilización adecuada de la storyline de su historia, del framing y del networking, pero que presentó déficit en el timing de la narración.

  2. La Investigación en Ingeniería

    OpenAIRE

    Horacio Torres Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    La pretensión de este ensayo es intentar desarrollar dos planteamientos: - ¿Qué es la investigación tecnológica en ingeniería? Una aproximación a una definición: - Cómo se puede potenciar Para ello es necesario partir de la definición de Ciencia, Técnica y Tecnología, lo cual haré tomando como referentes conferencias de los profesores Daría Mesa y Antanas Mockus: La Ciencia es el saber conceptual que tenemos de la naturaleza y la sociedad de manera segura en un momento dado. La Técnica ...

  3. Advances in stochastic and deterministic global optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Zhigljavsky, Anatoly; Žilinskas, Julius

    2016-01-01

    Current research results in stochastic and deterministic global optimization including single and multiple objectives are explored and presented in this book by leading specialists from various fields. Contributions include applications to multidimensional data visualization, regression, survey calibration, inventory management, timetabling, chemical engineering, energy systems, and competitive facility location. Graduate students, researchers, and scientists in computer science, numerical analysis, optimization, and applied mathematics will be fascinated by the theoretical, computational, and application-oriented aspects of stochastic and deterministic global optimization explored in this book. This volume is dedicated to the 70th birthday of Antanas Žilinskas who is a leading world expert in global optimization. Professor Žilinskas's research has concentrated on studying models for the objective function, the development and implementation of efficient algorithms for global optimization with single and mu...

  4. Spreading and accumulation of heavy metals in soils of railway-side areas

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    N. Bobryk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Following the landscape-environmental survey of the lands adjoining the single-track railway No. 193 Chop – Uzhhorod – Sianky – Lviv within Zakarpatska oblast (Transcarpathia, we have identified certain regularities in the spreading, accumulation and dispersion of some heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni in soils. For the purpose of study, the soils were taken at different distances from the railway (0, 25, 50 and 100 m within the following key points of the railway under study: Chop, Uzhhorod, Perechyn, Velyky Berezny, and Volosianka. The soil samples taken at the distance of 250 m from the railway were assumed the control group. Mass concentration of acid-soluble forms of heavy metals, considered as the main anthropogenic constituent of heavy metal stock in soils, was determined by means of atomic absorption analysis. Content of heavy metals in soils under study was compared with background data available in scientific literature. The results were evaluated by calculation of concentration factor commonly considered as a reliable and self-descriptive ecological constituent. In general, increased content of heavy metals was shown to be peculiar for soils that directly adjoin the railways (to 25 m; their content in remoter soils decreases considerably. In the control soils (250 m from the railway, the content of heavy metals reportedly significantly decreases as compared with other soils; however partial accumulation of lead, zinc and nickel compounds does take place there too. Dependence between the accumulations of heavy metals and the distance from the railway was described by polynomial equations. Such deviation from the linear distribution can be explained by the height of the railway embankments, absorbing properties of the railway-side plants, migration processes in soils, and direction of prevailing winds. Zinc was established to have the highest value of concentration factor (Кс = 1.04–10.54. Pollutant accumulation was most

  5. Drug Trafficking in Cosmopolitan Culture: A View from the Colombian Experience

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    María Stella Baracaldo Méndez

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Drug trafficking has been a ubiquitous crime on the American continent since the 1980s, and addressing it has required international policy to function beyond the physical boundaries of the nation-state, whatever its role is: as a producer, as a go-between for its sale, or as a consumer. The manifestations of drug trafficking are criminal, multiple and incalculable. Its behavior as merchandise, subject to supply and demand, has benefitted from the process of globalization, particularly with the availability of technology and IT, which it has made available in local and regional societies. According to Ulrich Beck, Eduardo Pastrana, Irvin Waller, Antanas Mockus and Ariel Francais, drug trafficking is mainly a globalized product, a successful business, a cosmopolitan risk, and a cultural component that is difficult to eradicate with wartime policies because in Colombia violence is not an accidental product, it is multicausal. To address this phenomenon, the only universal regulators are human rights and civil ethics. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5377/rpsp.v2i0.1193

  6. Aspectos Tafonômicos de Testudines da Formação Santana (Cretáceo Inferior,Bacia do Araripe, Nordeste do Brasil.

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    Gustavo Ribeiro de Oliveira

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Araripe Basin is worldwide famous by diverse and exquisitely well preserved fossil assemblages in antana Formation. This lithostratigraphic unit is subdivided into three members: Crato, Ipubi and Romualdo. Up to date six species of turtles are known: Araripemys barretoi Price, 1973; Santanachelys gaffneyi, Hirayama,1998; Brasilemys josai Lapparent de Broin, 2000; Cearachelys placidoi Gaffney, Campos & Hirayama, 2001, Euraxemys essweini Gaffney, Tong & Meylan, 2006 and Caririemys violetae Oliveira & Kellner, 2007.Taphonomical features of turtles from Crato and Romualdo members are presents here. One specimen was examined in the Crato lagerstätte, (MN 4893-V Araripemys sp. (partial skull, axial and apendicular skeleton. This exemplar is preserved in light-beige colored laminated limestone from the Crato Member. Three specimenswere analized (MN 6743-V, MN 6744-V and MN 6760-V in the Romualdo lagerstätte, the two first are Araripemys barretoi specimens (shell and cervical vertebrae and the later is a Cearachelys placidoi specimen (fragmented shell. They are preserved in calcareous nodules. No data of collection of these specimens areavailable, however are possible to infer on aspects of preservation of these exemplares, since that these are preserved in the original sedimentary matrix. All specimens have shown the surface of bones without abrasion, what it allows to infer these turtles as autocthonous.

  7. El integrismo de Mockus. Una apreciación de la "cultura ciudadana"

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    Carlos Uribe Celis

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available 1,Por dos períodos de gobierno ya, Antanas Mockus, matemático, pedagogo, filósofo, docente universitario, ha detentado el segundo poder de la nación: la alcaldía de Bogotá. Quizá el mejor rasgo político de Mockus sea su capacidad probada para hacerse visible, para tener esa cualidad importante de lo político que se llama "visibilidad". La visibilidad de Mockus es de amplio radio: local, nacional, internacional. Aunque no toda derive de su propia fuente -por ejemplo, es hoy visible por el Transmilenio (el servicio expreso de transporte bogotano que no es obra suya sino de Pefialosa- Mockus la concentra porque su personalidad política la atrae como un imán. El otro atributo político de Mockus es su diversidad. Mokus es varias cosas probablemente contradictorias: lo que tiene otra ventaja política: !confunde! No es fácil para los electores encasillarlo. Esta inubicabilidad o ausencia de inmediatez puede ser tan pronto causa como consecuencia de una falta de análisis especializados, juicios y balances ponderados de su gestión.

  8. Citizenship culture: psychosocial approach to the law in the context of a Rio de Janeiro slum

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    Georgie Alexánder Echeverri

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this paper, we approach the citizenship culture as it was developed in Colombia by the former mayor of Bogotá, Antanas Mockus, taking into account both the conceptual structure and the methodological principles of implementation, namely, the internalization of the rule and the creation of communication strategies aimed at achieving willingly cooperation. After making a psychosocial approach of the citizenship culture in the light of the theory of the social representations, we present the results of a prototypical analysis based on free association data from a sample of 156 teenagers who live at Mangueira slum, in Rio de Janeiro, exercise that enabled us to make a socio-cultural and political reading from the fulfillment or failure of the law. Finally, as an educational proposal, we hand in the results of a participatory action research —Aventureiros—, a program of education for citizenship focused on children, based on the very Colombian methodological principles of the citizenship culture and adapted to the Rio de Janeiro favela environment.

  9. Teodicėjiniai motyvai lietuvių literatūroje: universalumas ir specifika | Theodic motifs in Lithuanian literature: the universal and the specific

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    Dalia Čiočytė

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Theodicy is a philosophical and theological attempt to reconcile the traditional divine characteristics of omnibenevolence, omnipotence, and omniscience with the occurrence of evil and suffering in the hu­man and natural world. The contradiction between the omnipotence of God and the evil that exists in the world is the main question of the philosophical reflection of God. The article concentrates upon the complicated term of theodicy and actualizes it in the contexts of literature. Literary theodicy is a form of existential search for God: it is literary thinking about the philosophical possibility and impossibility of God’s existence, about the paradox of God’s love and existential evil, about the justification of God in the face of innocent suffering. The works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Albert Camus are analyzed as the highlands of literary theodicy. In the theodic thought of Lithuanian literature, three main directions are distinguished. They are (1 interpretation of free will (Kristijonas Donelaitis, Vincas Krėvė and others, (2 linking the nation’s sufferings (occupation, exile with the idea of spiritual growth, and (3 the reflecti­on of the mystery of God (Šatrijos Ragana, Bernar­das Brazdžionis, Antanas Škėma.

  10. Bogotá experience in government: device and educational strategies to expressions, scenarios and breaks on a proposal for citizen culture

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    Gloria Clemencia VALENCIA GONZÁLEZ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Bogotá currently known, rebuilt from the ashes of 9 April got used for decades to live labors, fear and mistrust, but particularly in exclusion. With the arrival of Antanas Mockus to Mayor broke various paradigms: he and his cabinet not came from the traditional political caste, came from the Academy and claimed other relationships with citizenship. In addition, became the city learning space because their Government project drew on the political but evidenced in the pedagogical and found its deployment in the communicative. Six priorities proposed for government experience are articulated around one: civic culture. Culture that should be disseminated, learned and implementation from train in town, then so is generate sense of belonging, would facilitate urban coexistence and would lead to the respect of the common heritage and recognition of the rights and duties of citizens. In the Mayor Mockus’s «great classroom» citizenship would of apathy to the habitancia. Far pedagogy and communication, as not nominated devices, managed to go beyond the labelling and the indication and approached the civic culture to political socialization? This reflection article links to research «higher education and training citizen, case Bogotá» and consists of five sections.

  11. La formulación de la política pública de juventud de Bogotá 2003-2012: un ejercicio de democracia participativa y de construcción de futuro

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    Juanita Henao Escobar

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available El tema central de este artículo es la formulación de la política pública de juventud de Bogotá 2003-2012 realizada por la Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá durante la Administración de Antanas Mockus (2001-2003. Específicamente, se refiere a algunos de los antecedentes que muestran la inclusión de los jóvenes dentro de la agenda pública de la ciudad durante los años 90, a la estrategia metodológica de carácter prospectivo y participativo que se utilizó para el trazado de la política, y al proceso que se siguió para su elaboración. El propósito del artículo es dar a conocer y evaluar la pertinencia de la estrategia diseñada e implementada para el diseño de la política, por lo que después de presentar brevemente el enfoque general de la política, a manera de conclusión se desarrollan los argumentos con base en los cuales se plantea que la metodología prospectiva y participativa que se utilizó fue pertinente.

  12. Performance of different biofilters in a recirculating system for rainbow trout farming

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    Iván Sánchez O

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the performance of different biofilters in a recirculating aquaculture system (RAS for trout farming. Materials and methods. It was used a 1m3 plastic tank for fries farming; fabric bags to solids retention; a submersible pump; a constant water level and flow distribution box; six up flow biofilters in 3” PVC tube; sand of D10=0.45mm as carrier. The reactors were operated at local temperature and with hydraulic retention time (HRT of 11 min, the biofilters were inoculated in the next way: R1-Control: RAS water; R2-Fish culture farm sludges; R3- Water from aerated lagoon of Antanas landfill (AL; R4-Aquarium sediments; R5- Aerated lagoon of AL sludges; R6-Sludges from sulfidogenic reactor of AL. The weight gain (WG and the food conversion (FC were evaluated, some physic-chemical parameters were monitored and the nitrogen and suspended solids removal efficiency were evaluated. Results. The WG of the cultured animals was 1.58 g/d and the FC was 1.41. There were no differences for ammonium and nitrite removal between the reactors; the average removal efficiencies were: ammonium 4.78%, nitrite 27.2%, nitrate 32.3%, suspended solids 37.5%; R4 and R5 reactors presented the best performance on nitrate removal, with average efficiencies of 47.4% and 42.8%. R3 presented the best SS removal with an average of 58.2%. Conclusions. The RAS water treatment system guaranteed appropriated liquid quality conditions for trout farming; the most efficient reactor for removal of the different forms of nitrogen was the inoculated with the aerated lagoon of AL sludges.

  13. EFICIENCIA DE CONSORCIOS MICROBIANOS PARA TRATAMIENTO DE AGUAS RESIDUALES EN UN SISTEMA DE RECIRCULACIÓN ACUÍCOLA

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    IVÁN ANDRÉS SÁNCHEZ O

    Full Text Available Los filtros biológicos viabilizan el reuso de aguas residuales (AR en sistemas de recirculación acuícola (SRA, su desempeño depende entre otros factores, del tipo de filtro, medio soporte e inóculo utilizado. Se evaluaron las eficiencias de diferentes inóculos para el tratamiento de AR provenientes del cultivo de trucha arcoiris mediante biofiltros de flujo ascendente en un SRA. Se utilizó un tanque para cultivo con control de nivel, un filtro con bolsas de lienzo para retención de sólidos y seis biofiltros de diámetro 3” con arena como medio soporte y tiempo de retención hidráulica (TRH de 11 min. Los inóculos utilizados fueron: R1-control: aguas del SRA; R2-lodos estación piscícola; R3-agua laguna aereada relleno sanitario Antanas (RSA; R4-sedimentos de acuarios; R5-lodos laguna aereada RSA; R6-lodos reactor sulfidogénico RSA. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los reactores para remoción de DQO, fósforo, amoniaco y nitritos, cuyas remociones medias fueron de 45,3; 15,1; 4,7 y 27,2% respectivamente. Hubo diferencias estadísticas entre reactores para remoción de color y nitratos, las mejores eficiencias fueron para: color R6:38,8% y R1:37,3%; para nitratos R5:47,3% y R6:42,8%; demostrándose la influencia de consorcios microbianos en los SRA

  14. Atributinių junginių modeliai Mikalojaus Daukšos „Postilėje“ ir Antano Baranausko tarmių tekstuose

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    Virginija Vasiliauskienė

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available PATTERNS OF THE ATTRIBUTE PHRASE IN DAUKŠA’S „POSTILĖ“ AND DIALECTAL TEXTS COMPILED BY ANTANAS BARANAUSKASSummaryThe placement of the adjective, the participle and the genitive attribute in a noun phrase is very similar both in 1 „Punktai sakymų“ and Daukša’s „Postilė“ (postposition is more frequent; the influence of Latin and Polish is evident, especially in the case of the genitive pronoun and 2 in Bretkūnas’ „Postilė“ and dialectal texts compiled by Baranauskas (preposition is more frequent; the placement of the genitive noun varies.Similar features could be found in „Punktai sakymų“ and dialectal texts.But the patterns of the attribute phrase constituents in Old Lithuanian differ in certain cases from those of Modern Lithuanian: (a the position of the genitive attribute was less strictly determined in Old Lithuanian; (b the adjective more frequently follows the head noun than in Modern Lithuanian; (c the postposed genitive and the adjective attribute in some cases may have a more prominent stress only; (d very often enclitics occupy second position in the sentence.These conclusions initiated further research into the attribute phrase (K. Lukauskas’ „Sermons” (18th c. and the didactic prose of the 19th c. because the data obtained did not reveal any change in the attribute phrase word order.Preliminary results enable us to put forward several hypotheses, the most important of these is as follows: in written works the standard attribute phrase with the preposed adjective and the postposed genitive noun (actually its placement was not determined has been preserved for almost 300 years.

  15. Adequate prescribing of medication does not necessarily translate into good control of diabetes mellitus

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    Norkus A

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Antanas Norkus, Rytas Ostrauskas, Rimantas Žalinkevičius, Lina Radzevičienė, Rita Šulcaitė Institute of Endocrinology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus in Lithuania have access to almost all the latest blood glucose-lowering drugs available in the rest of the world. This study evaluated the effects of prescribing of treatment (oral medications, insulin, or both in Lithuanian patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes and poor blood glucose control. Methods: The relevant information was obtained from specialized questionnaires completed by 26 consulting endocrinologists in Lithuania between October 1, 2008 and December 31, 2008. The study cohort comprised 865 randomly selected patients with diabetes mellitus and a glycosylated (HbA1c level ≥7%. In total, there were 95 patients with type 1 diabetes and 770 with type 2 diabetes. Results: Linear regression for patients with type 1 diabetes revealed a weak trend towards higher doses of insulin reflecting lower HbA1c values. The mean dose of insulin in patients with type 1 diabetes before an endocrinology consultation was 57.1 ± 15.7 U/day (0.8 ± 0.2 U/kg, which increased significantly to 63.3 ± 16.5 U/day (0.9 ± 0.2 U/kg after an endocrinology consultation (P < 0.05. Treatment prescribed for patients with type 2 diabetes depended on the duration of disease. Earlier treatment recommended for 68% of patients with type 2 diabetes was subsequently changed by the endocrinologist. Linear regression showed that the insulin dose prescribed before a specialist consultation as well as that recommended by an endocrinologist was significantly correlated with body mass index. Conclusion: Appropriate prescribing of blood glucose-lowering drugs does not always translate into good metabolic control of diabetes mellitus. The mean HbA1c was 8.5% ± 1.3% in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with oral drugs alone versus 9.0% ± 1.3% in those

  16. Stable isotopes in Lithuanian bioarcheological material

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    Skipityte, Raminta; Jankauskas, Rimantas; Remeikis, Vidmantas

    2015-04-01

    Investigation of bioarcheological material of ancient human populations allows us to understand the subsistence behavior associated with various adaptations to the environment. Feeding habits are essential to the survival and growth of ancient populations. Stable isotope analysis is accepted tool in paleodiet (Schutkowski et al, 1999) and paleoenvironmental (Zernitskaya et al, 2014) studies. However, stable isotopes can be useful not only in investigating human feeding habits but also in describing social and cultural structure of the past populations (Le Huray and Schutkowski, 2005). Only few stable isotope investigations have been performed before in Lithuanian region suggesting a quite uniform diet between males and females and protein intake from freshwater fish and animal protein. Previously, stable isotope analysis has only been used to study a Stone Age population however, more recently studies have been conducted on Iron Age and Late medieval samples (Jacobs et al, 2009). Anyway, there was a need for more precise examination. Stable isotope analysis were performed on human bone collagen and apatite samples in this study. Data represented various ages (from 5-7th cent. to 18th cent.). Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis on medieval populations indicated that individuals in studied sites in Lithuania were almost exclusively consuming C3 plants, C3 fed terrestrial animals, and some freshwater resources. Current investigation demonstrated social differences between elites and country people and is promising in paleodietary and daily life reconstruction. Acknowledgement I thank prof. dr. G. Grupe, Director of the Anthropological and Palaeoanatomical State Collection in Munich for providing the opportunity to work in her laboratory. The part of this work was funded by DAAD. Antanaitis-Jacobs, Indre, et al. "Diet in early Lithuanian prehistory and the new stable isotope evidence." Archaeologia Baltica 12 (2009): 12-30. Le Huray, Jonathan D., and Holger

  17. La Investigación en Ingeniería

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    Horacio Torres Sánchez

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La pretensión de este ensayo es intentar desarrollar dos planteamientos: - ¿Qué es la investigación tecnológica en ingeniería? Una aproximación a una definición: - Cómo se puede potenciar Para ello es necesario partir de la definición de Ciencia, Técnica y Tecnología, lo cual haré tomando como referentes conferencias de los profesores Daría Mesa y Antanas Mockus: La Ciencia es el saber conceptual que tenemos de la naturaleza y la sociedad de manera segura en un momento dado. La Técnica es el conjunto de instrumentos (herramientas, máquinas, aparatos que el hombre pone entre si mismo y el objeto que busca transformar. Depende en un alto grado del nivel de conocimientos que el ser humano tenga sobre la naturaleza y la sociedad. La tecnología es la innovación y optimización de principios científicos concatenados con procesos técnicos en función de la producción económica. Son rasgos distintivos de la tecnología: - Criterios explícitos de optimización. Solución óptima dentro de conjunto de soluciones posibles. - Reconocimiento, teóricamente asegurado, de las alternativas posibles. - Diseño. Predeterminación rigurosa, detallada y minuciosa de productos y procesos. - Procesos de trabajo universal y conmensurable con la teoría.Con este marco de referencia la investigación tecnológica sería, entonces, el proceso de apropiación, construcción y creación autónoma de conocimiento, que se realiza con el propósito de avanzar en la solución de problemáticas definidas, lo cual genera resultados visibles y comunicables que son susceptibles de contrastación académica y de validez social.

  18. Charleso Dickenso kūrybos recepcija Lietuvoje: sceninės adaptacijos ir kritikų vertinimas (II dalis. The Lithuanian Reception of Charles Dickens: Theatrical Adaptations and Critical Response to them (Part II

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    Regina Rudaitytė

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Theatrical productions are always an important aspect in the reception of any author in any country. They are instrumental in promoting the writer and his work, in bringing it closer to the ordinary readership. Particularly so in Lithuania which has a long and lively theatrical tradition of more than 400 years. The Kaunas State Theatre established in 1922 became an important centre in the cultural life of Lithuania and was the only professional theatre organization in Lithuania until 1931, which dramatized and performed Dickens’s works, among others. Stage adaptations played an important role in the reception of Dickens’s art, particularly in the inter-war period in the 1920s and 1930s: they were instrumental in the promotion of Dickensian image, in the dissemination of his writing and in enhancing its popularity; thus Dickens’s name became firmly entrenched in the Lithuanian cultural context. For general readers and theatre audiences Dickens became the most famous, the most representative and the most popular English writer, regarded as an iconic figure in English literature, in stature competing only with Shakespeare.The first theatre production of Dickens’s work in Lithuania was A Christmas Carol; it was put on stage by the famous director Antanas Sutkus in 1927. It was followed by stage adaptations of The Chimes, Oliver Twist and The Cricket on the Hearth.A theatrical production of Dickens’s novel The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club was put on stage on September 29, 2002. Adapted and directed by the actor Sigitas Račkys in early twenty-first century at the Klaipėda Drama Theatre, it really came as a surprise given the temper and tenor of the times which are not very favourable for the reception of Dickens’s writing. And, naturally, the response to it was ambivalent and controversial.By all evidence, the performance was probably not a very successful attempt at the stage production of Dickens’s Pickwick in spite of the

  19. PORTRAIT GRAFFITI IN MARGINS OF ANTIQUE LITHUANIAN BOOKS

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    Burba, Domininkas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents and discusses fourteen drawings that portray a human and were found in manuscripts and printed books (documents that were actively used in Lithuania from 17th to 19th centuries. All the drawings were made in the margins of the documents. For the authors the drawings were not planned work but more like quips, scribbles and doodles. Therefore the terms portrait graffiti and (as a synonym portrait marginalia are used to describe the discussed portraits. According to the formal classification of marginal drawings (suggested by J. Liskeviciene two of the examined marginal portraits (no. 10 and 14 are classed as seperate and finished works with their own composition; ten marginal portraits (no. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12 and 13 represent the readers (document users sketch like drawings. Two other portraits (no. 1 and 3 are just scribbles that have nothing to do with artictic perception and are very close to book graffiti. From the artistic approcah the most sophisticated of the marginal portraits are “the hunt scene” (no. 14 and the late (first half of the 19th century “portrait of the teacher” (no. 13. In the viewpoint of documentary and social communication the discussed marginal drawings did not have a direct addressee. They were made not for public but for personal use. Paleographical, structural and content analysis of the document showed that the author of the “bearded nobleman” portrait (no. 2 could have been the elder of Merkine Antanas Kazimieras Sapiega. The political realia of Grand Duchy of Lithuania (from now GDL are reflected by the heart shaped portrait of a youngster who we can guess is portrayed weeping over the countries misfortunes and internal disagreements duringthe period of foreight military interventions in the years from 1733 to 1736. It was forbiden for scribes to daub on court files and other official GDL documents therefore the discussed graffiti could be linked to psychological stress and