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Sample records for velta tupureina anda

  1. Atonen plaanib praamiliinid riigile anda / Hindrek Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riikoja, Hindrek

    2004-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Meelis Atoneni plaanist anda praamiliinid mõne riigifirma opereerida. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Meelis Atoneniga: Minister: riik ei piira vaba turgu. Kommenteerivad: Toivo Vaik, Andres Onemar

  2. Aircraft Nodal Data Acquisition System (ANDAS), Phase II

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Development of an Aircraft Nodal Data Acquisition System (ANDAS) based upon the short haul Zigbee networking standard is proposed. It employs a very thin (135 um)...

  3. Tehnikaromud saab peagi tasuta ära anda / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas

    2005-01-01

    13. augustist saab vana elektroonikat tasuta ära anda. MTÜ Eesti Elektroonikaromu on juba loonud selleks üle Eesti 44 kogumispunkti, EES-Ringlus ühingus endale konkurenti ei näe. Lisa: Vana tehnika

  4. THE PRAGMATIC MEANINGS OF ADDRESS TERMS SAMPEYAN AND ANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djoko Susanto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This research investigates the use of sampeyan and anda by the students from Pasuruan and Probolinggo. Address terms is one of important tools in communication in Javanese society as it is used, for example, to designate the person they are talking to or to show the possession of formal and informal manners. However, the use of this address terms may have different interpretation across regions. This research is undertaken to find out (1 factors that influence the choice of address terms sampeyan and anda in Pasuruan and Probolinggo and (2 situations in which the interlocutors use the address terms sampeyan and anda. Several theories are used to help analyze the data, which include address terms (Wardhaugh, 2002, sampeyan and anda (Wolf & Poedjosoedarmo, 1982, Politeness theory (Brown & Levinson, 1987, and Power and Solidarity (Brown & Gilman, 1960. The data were obtained from the results of observations, questionnaires and interviews with the participants. The results of the study show that both sampeyan and anda were found to be commonly used by the participants to address their lecturer, instead of using Bapak. This is, of course, uncommon from either the perspective of standard usage of Javanese or Indonesian language. This study also indicates that the participants used sampeyan to lecturer/teacher, kyai, parent, and older sibling because they wanted to express (1 express politeness and (2 to indicate informality. Concerning to the use of anda, this study reveals that the participants use this address term because of (1 more formal and appropriate manners in environmental education, (2 respecting person of higher social status and older person, (3 more polite and more appropriate than sampeyan, and (4 the use of Indonesian as a formal language. In some respect, however, the participants use anda to lecturer/teacher, which is not appropriate because they were not socially equal to the lecturer/teacher.  This study provide

  5. A Triggerless readout system for the ANDA electromagnetic calorimeter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tiemens, M.

    2015-01-01

    One of the physics goals of the future ANDA experiment at FAIR is to research newly discovered exotic states. Because the detector response created by these particles is very similar to the background channels, a new type of data readout had to be developed, called "triggerless" readout. In this

  6. Reconstructing Hyperons with the ANDA Detector at FAIR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ikegami Andersson, W

    2016-01-01

    Hyperon production and the study of their properties is an important part of the physics programme of the future ANDA experiment at FAIR. Antihyperon-hyperon pairs will be produced in antiproton-proton collisions through the annihilation of at least one light antiquark-quark ( u, d ) pair and the creation of a corresponding number of antiquark-quark s pairs. By measuring the decay products of the hyperons, spin observables such as the polarisation can be measured. Many hyperons have a long life-time which gives rise to final state particles originating from displaced vertices. A pattern recognition algorithm using information from the ANDA Straw Tube Tracker is extended to reconstruct not only the transversal, but also the longitudinal components of charged tracks. A Hough transform and a path finding method as tools to extract the longitudinal components are being developed. (paper)

  7. Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAS): Future trend in radiopharmaceuticals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kishore, R.

    1990-01-01

    The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act (commonly called Waxman Hatch Amendment) of 1984, to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act provided for abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) if the conditions specified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21, subsection 312.55 are met. Under this subsection, reports of nonclinical laboratory studies and clinical investigations can be omitted. New drugs approved under these regulations are so called generic drugs as opposed to listed or pioneer (innovator) drugs. As the patents on more and more radiopharmaceuticals reach their expiration, the radiopharmaceutical industry is likely to produce more of these generic versions of innovator drugs. The ANDAs are required to contain information specified under subsections 314.50(a), (b), (d)(1) and (3), (e), and (g)

  8. Mainefilmiga saab edasi anda ettevõtte reaalset olemust / Peeter Nieler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nieler, Peeter

    2007-01-01

    Mainefilmi kui audiovisuaalse meediumi kaudu on kõige lihtsam edasi anda ettevõtte reaalset olemust, näidata selle tootmisüksusi või anda sõna tootearendajatele. Vt. samas: Mainefilmi on hea näidata messidel, jagada klientidele või näidata kodulehel

  9. Mõttetalgud tõid idee anda lastele valimistel hääl / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    2009-01-01

    Lastega perede osakaalu tõstmine ühiskondlike otsuste mõjutamiseks on kõige loomulikum laste endi kaudu. Seepärast teeb haridusminister Tõnis Lukase ettepaneku anda igale lapsele valimistel hääl

  10. Riik plaanib haiglatele anda õiguse ka arstirohtu müüa / Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 31. märts lk. 3. Riik tahab anda haiglatele õiguse pidada jaemüügirohupoode, selle kava vastu on aga konkureerivad apteegiketid, konkurentsi- ja ravimiamet. Lisa: Ketistunud apteegiturg

  11. Maavanem ähvardab põhikooli liitmisotsuse kohtusse anda / Ahto Jakson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakson, Ahto

    2009-01-01

    Saare maavanem Toomas Kasemaa ähvardab Kuressaare linnavolikogu poolt veebruari lõpus vastu võetud Kuressaare põhikooli liitmisotsuse anda halduskohtusse, juhul kui volikogu ei vii otsust ettenähtud aja jooksul vastavusse haldusmenetluse seadusega

  12. Computing activities for the P-bar ANDA experiment at FAIR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Messchendorp, Johan

    2010-01-01

    The P-bar ANDA experiment at the future facility FAIR will provide valuable data for our present understanding of the strong interaction. In preparation for the experiments, large-scale simulations for design and feasibility studies are performed exploiting a new software framework, P-bar ANDAROOT, which is based on FairROOT and the Virtual Monte Carlo interface, and which runs on a large-scale computing GRID environment exploiting the AliEn 2 middleware. In this paper, an overview is given of the P-bar ANDA experiment with the emphasis on the various developments which are pursuit to provide a user and developer friendly computing environment for the P-bar ANDA collaboration.

  13. A Continuously Running High-Rate GEM-TPC for P-bar ANDA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehmer, F.V., E-mail: felix.valentin.boehmer@cern.ch [Technische Universitaet Muenchen Physik Department, James-Franck-Strasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Angerer, H.; Dorheim, S.; Hoeppner, C.; Ketzer, B.; Konorov, I.; Neubert, S.; Paul, S.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Zhang, X. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen Physik Department, James-Franck-Strasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Berger, M.; Cusanno, F.; Fabbietti, L.; Lalik, R. [Excellence Cluster Universe, Muenchen (Germany); Beck, R.; Kaiser, D.; Lang, M.; Schmitz, R.; Walther, D.; Winnebeck, A. [Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany)

    2011-06-15

    The P-bar ANDA fixed target experiment planned at FAIR will investigate fundamental questions of non-perturbative QCD. It makes use of a cooled antiproton beam (momentum: 1.5 to 15GeV/c) and will reach luminosities of up to 2.10{sup 32}cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}, yielding a p-bar p-annihilation rate of 2.10{sup 7}s{sup -1}. One option for the central tracker of P-bar ANDA is a cylindrical, ungated, continuously running TPC with GEM-based gas amplification stage.

  14. A Continuously Running High-Rate GEM-TPC for P-bar ANDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boehmer, F.V.; Angerer, H.; Dorheim, S.; Hoeppner, C.; Ketzer, B.; Konorov, I.; Neubert, S.; Paul, S.; Vandenbroucke, M.; Zhang, X.; Berger, M.; Cusanno, F.; Fabbietti, L.; Lalik, R.; Beck, R.; Kaiser, D.; Lang, M.; Schmitz, R.; Walther, D.; Winnebeck, A.

    2011-01-01

    The P-bar ANDA fixed target experiment planned at FAIR will investigate fundamental questions of non-perturbative QCD. It makes use of a cooled antiproton beam (momentum: 1.5 to 15GeV/c) and will reach luminosities of up to 2.10 32 cm -2 s -1 , yielding a p-bar p-annihilation rate of 2.10 7 s -1 . One option for the central tracker of P-bar ANDA is a cylindrical, ungated, continuously running TPC with GEM-based gas amplification stage.

  15. Implementation of the P barANDA Planar-GEM tracking detector in Monte Carlo simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divani Veis, Nazila; Ehret, Andre; Firoozabadi, Mohammad M.; Karabowicz, Radoslaw; Maas, Frank; Saito, Nami; Saito, Takehiko R.; Voss, Bernd; PANDA Gem-Tracker Subgroup

    2018-02-01

    The P barANDA experiment at FAIR will be performed to investigate different aspects of hadron physics using anti-proton beams interacting with a fixed nuclear target. The experimental setup consists of a complex series of detector components covering a large solid angle. A detector with a gaseous active media equipped with gas electron multiplier (GEM) technique will be employed to measure tracks of charged particles at forward direction in order to achieve a high momentum resolution. In this work, a full setup of the GEM tracking detector has been implemented in the P barANDA Monte Carlo simulation package (PandaRoot) based on the current technical and conceptual design, and the expected performance of the P barANDA GEM-tracking detector has been investigated. Furthermore, material-budget studies in terms of the radiation length of the P barANDA GEM-tracking detector have been made in order to investigate the effect of the detector materials and its associated structures to particle measurements.

  16. Performance studies of the P barANDA planar GEM-tracking detector in physics simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divani Veis, Nazila; Firoozabadi, Mohammad M.; Karabowicz, Radoslaw; Maas, Frank; Saito, Takehiko R.; Voss, Bernd; ̅PANDA Gem-Tracker Subgroup

    2018-03-01

    The P barANDA experiment will be installed at the future facility for antiproton and ion research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany, to study events from the annihilation of protons and antiprotons. The P barANDA detectors can cover a wide physics program about baryon spectroscopy and nucleon structure as well as the study of hadrons and hypernuclear physics including the study of excited hyperon states. One very specific feature of most hyperon ground states is the long decay length of several centimeters in the forward direction. The central tracking detectors of the P barANDA setup are not sufficiently optimized for these long decay lengths. Therefore, using a set of the planar GEM-tracking detectors in the forward region of interest can improve the results in the hyperon physics-benchmark channel. The current conceptual designed P barANDA GEM-tracking stations contribute the measurement of the particles emitted in the polar angles between about 2 to 22 degrees. For this designed detector performance and acceptance, studies have been performed using one of the important hyperonic decay channel p bar p → Λ bar Λ → p bar pπ+π- in physics simulations. The simulations were carried out using the PandaRoot software packages based on the FairRoot framework.

  17. πN TDAs from charmonium production in association with a forward pion at P̅ANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma B.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Charmonium production in association with a forward or backward pion in nucleon-antinucleon annihilation is one of the most promising reaction to access nucleon-to-pion transition distribution amplitudes (TDAs at P̅ANDA. We briefly review the description of this reaction in terms of πN TDAs within the collinear factorization approach and present the first results of dedicated feasibility studies for the P̅ANDA experimental setup.

  18. Assessment of the sea cucumber resource and fishery in the Bolinao-Anda reef system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Dionnie D. Olavides

    Full Text Available Fishery-independent and -dependent surveys were conducted to assess the status of the sea cucumber resource and fishery in Bolinao and Anda, Pangasinan. Thirty-five species of holothurians were recorded in 25 sampling stations within seagrass beds, coral reefs and mixed habitats. The estimated total population density of all aspidochirote sea cucumber species is 63 ind. ha-1. The artisanal multi-species fishery is at present primarily based on Holothuria scabra, Stichopus horrens and Bohadschia marmorata although there are indications that other high-value species were fished to local extinction. Taken together, the small sizes (<20 cm body length of the majority of aspidochirote sea cucumbers, their low population densities, and the continuous decrease in catches are clear signs of an overexploited fishery that will likely collapse without management intervention. Adaptive management strategies for Bolinao and Anda are recommended based on the findings of this survey.

  19. President Arnold Rüütel tahab anda noortele peredele maad / Mati Määrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Määrits, Mati, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Põlvamaa omavalitsusjuhid avaldasid toetust president Arnold Rüütli ettepanekule anda maad eelkõige noortele peredele. Presidendi juuresolekul ei leitud aga üksmeelt haridusinvesteeringute jaotamises laste arvust lähtudes. President Arnold Rüütel vastab küsimusele, kas kaks päeva Põlvamaal suutsid teda millegagi üllatada. Maakonnavisiit Põlvamaale 08.-09.06.2005

  20. The Micro-Vertex-Detector for the P-bar ANDA experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zotti, Laura

    2013-01-01

    P-bar ANDA is a fixed target experiment that will be carried out at the future FAIR facility. P-bar ANDA will provide an excellent tool to address fundamental question in the field of hadronic physics, with a physic program that extends from the investigation of QCD (providing insight in the mechanisms of mass generation and confinement) to the test of fundamental symmetries. The Micro-Vertex-Detector located in the innermost part of the central tracking system will be composed by hybrid pixel and double-sided micro-strip silicon detectors. The Micro-Vertex-Detector will play an important role for the P-bar ANDA physics goals. The possibility to reconstruct the secondary vertices and the applicability of a precise D meson tagging is essential for the spectroscopy in the open charm sector and the charmonium mass region. To this aim the Micro-Vertex-Detector features a spatial resolution better than 100μm, a time resolution better than 20ns, a limited material budget, and a high data rate capability in a triggerless environment. An overview of the Micro-Vertex-Detector related to the physics goals will be presented.

  1. Customization of the GENFIT2 Fitting Package in P̅ANDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prencipe Elisabetta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The availability of a cooled antiproton beam in the energy range from 2.0 to 5.5 GeV will allow the P̅ANDA experiment, planned for operation in FAIR (Darmstadt, Germany, to perform a wide nuclear and particle physics program. P̅ANDA is the only experiment worldwide in that energy regime that combines a solenoidal magnetic field (B = 2 T and a dipole field (maximum bending power equal to 2 Tm in a fixed-target experiment. The offline tracking algorithm is developed within the PandaRoot framework, which is part of the FairRoot project. Here the GENFIT2 package is presented. The tool contains an implementation of the Kalman filter and the deterministic annealing filter for charged particle track reconstruction, together with a Runge-Kutta track representation. It also interfaces with Millipede II and RAVE, for alignment and vertex reconstruction, respectively. The performance of this track-fitting package for the P̅ANDA experiment is shown for the first time, within the PandaRoot framework. For those channels where a good low momentum tracking is required, i.e. pT <350 MeV/c, an improvement by a factor of about two is shown.

  2. Experimental access to Transition Distribution Amplitudes with the P¯ANDA experiment at FAIR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, B. P.; Erni, W.; Keshelashvili, I.; Krusche, B.; Steinacher, M.; Liu, B.; Liu, H.; Liu, Z.; Shen, X.; Wang, C.; Zhao, J.; Albrecht, M.; Fink, M.; Heinsius, F. H.; Held, T.; Holtmann, T.; Koch, H.; Kopf, B.; Kümmel, M.; Kuhl, G.; Kuhlmann, M.; Leyhe, M.; Mikirtychyants, M.; Musiol, P.; Mustafa, A.; Pelizäus, M.; Pychy, J.; Richter, M.; Schnier, C.; Schröder, T.; Sowa, C.; Steinke, M.; Triffterer, T.; Wiedner, U.; Beck, R.; Hammann, C.; Kaiser, D.; Ketzer, B.; Kube, M.; Mahlberg, P.; Rossbach, M.; Schmidt, C.; Schmitz, R.; Thoma, U.; Walther, D.; Wendel, C.; Wilson, A.; Bianconi, A.; Bragadireanu, M.; Caprini, M.; Pantea, D.; Pietreanu, D.; Vasile, M. E.; Patel, B.; Kaplan, D.; Brandys, P.; Czyzewski, T.; Czyzycki, W.; Domagala, M.; Hawryluk, M.; Filo, G.; Krawczyk, M.; Kwiatkowski, D.; Lisowski, E.; Lisowski, F.; Fiutowski, T.; Idzik, M.; Mindur, B.; Przyborowski, D.; Swientek, K.; Czech, B.; Kliczewski, S.; Korcyl, K.; Kozela, A.; Kulessa, P.; Lebiedowicz, P.; Malgorzata, K.; Pysz, K.; Schäfer, W.; Siudak, R.; Szczurek, A.; Biernat, J.; Jowzaee, S.; Kamys, B.; Kistryn, S.; Korcyl, G.; Krzemien, W.; Magiera, A.; Moskal, P.; Palka, M.; Psyzniak, A.; Rudy, Z.; Salabura, P.; Smyrski, J.; Strzempek, P.; Wrońska, A.; Augustin, I.; Lehmann, I.; Nicmorus, D.; Schepers, G.; Schmitt, L.; Al-Turany, M.; Cahit, U.; Capozza, L.; Dbeyssi, A.; Deppe, H.; Dzhygadlo, R.; Ehret, A.; Flemming, H.; Gerhardt, A.; Götzen, K.; Karabowicz, R.; Kliemt, R.; Kunkel, J.; Kurilla, U.; Lehmann, D.; Lühning, J.; Maas, F.; Morales Morales, C.; Mora Espí, M. C.; Nerling, F.; Orth, H.; Peters, K.; Rodríguez Piñeiro, D.; Saito, N.; Saito, T.; Sánchez Lorente, A.; Schmidt, C. J.; Schwarz, C.; Schwiening, J.; Traxler, M.; Valente, R.; Voss, B.; Wieczorek, P.; Wilms, A.; Zühlsdorf, M.; Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G.; Arefiev, A.; Astakhov, V. I.; Barabanov, M. Yu.; Batyunya, B. V.; Davydov, Yu. I.; Dodokhov, V. Kh.; Efremov, A. A.; Fedunov, A. G.; Festchenko, A. A.; Galoyan, A. S.; Grigoryan, S.; Karmokov, A.; Koshurnikov, E. K.; Lobanov, V. I.; Lobanov, Yu. Yu.; Makarov, A. F.; Malinina, L. V.; Malyshev, V. L.; Mustafaev, G. A.; Olshevskiy, A.; Pasyuk, M. A.; Perevalova, E. A.; Piskun, A. A.; Pocheptsov, T. A.; Pontecorvo, G.; Rodionov, V. K.; Rogov, Yu. N.; Salmin, R. A.; Samartsev, A. G.; Sapozhnikov, M. G.; Shabratova, G. S.; Skachkov, N. B.; Skachkova, A. N.; Strokovsky, E. A.; Suleimanov, M. K.; Teshev, R. Sh.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Uzhinsky, V. V.; Vodopyanov, A. S.; Zaporozhets, S. A.; Zhuravlev, N. I.; Zorin, A. G.; Branford, D.; Glazier, D.; Watts, D.; Woods, P.; Britting, A.; Eyrich, W.; Lehmann, A.; Uhlig, F.; Dobbs, S.; Seth, K.; Tomaradze, A.; Xiao, T.; Bettoni, D.; Carassiti, V.; Cotta Ramusino, A.; Dalpiaz, P.; Drago, A.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Savriè, M.; Stancari, G.; Akishina, V.; Kisel, I.; Kulakov, I.; Zyzak, M.; Arora, R.; Bel, T.; Gromliuk, A.; Kalicy, G.; Krebs, M.; Patsyuk, M.; Zuehlsdorf, M.; Bianchi, N.; Gianotti, P.; Guaraldo, C.; Lucherini, V.; Pace, E.; Bersani, A.; Bracco, G.; Macri, M.; Parodi, R. F.; Bianco, S.; Bremer, D.; Brinkmann, K. T.; Diehl, S.; Dormenev, V.; Drexler, P.; Düren, M.; Eissner, T.; Etzelmüller, E.; Föhl, K.; Galuska, M.; Gessler, T.; Gutz, E.; Hayrapetyan, A.; Hu, J.; Kröck, B.; Kühn, W.; Kuske, T.; Lange, S.; Liang, Y.; Merle, O.; Metag, V.; Mülhheim, D.; Münchow, D.; Nanova, M.; Novotny, R.; Pitka, A.; Quagli, T.; Rieke, J.; Rosenbaum, C.; Schnell, R.; Spruck, B.; Stenzel, H.; Thöring, U.; Ullrich, M.; Wasem, T.; Werner, M.; Zaunick, H. G.; Ireland, D.; Rosner, G.; Seitz, B.; Deepak, P. N.; Kulkarni, A. V.; Apostolou, A.; Babai, M.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Lemmens, P.; Lindemulder, M.; Löhner, H.; Messchendorp, J.; Schakel, P.; Smit, H.; van der Weele, J. C.; Tiemens, M.; Veenstra, R.; Vejdani, S.; Kalita, K.; Mohanta, D. P.; Kumar, A.; Roy, A.; Sahoo, R.; Sohlbach, H.; Büscher, M.; Cao, L.; Cebulla, A.; Deermann, D.; Dosdall, R.; Esch, S.; Georgadze, I.; Gillitzer, A.; Goerres, A.; Goldenbaum, F.; Grunwald, D.; Herten, A.; Hu, Q.; Kemmerling, G.; Kleines, H.; Kozlov, V.; Lehrach, A.; Leiber, S.; Maier, R.; Nellen, R.; Ohm, H.; Orfanitski, S.; Prasuhn, D.; Prencipe, E.; Ritman, J.; Schadmand, S.; Schumann, J.; Sefzick, T.; Serdyuk, V.; Sterzenbach, G.; Stockmanns, T.; Wintz, P.; Wüstner, P.; Xu, H.; Li, S.; Li, Z.; Sun, Z.; Xu, H.; Rigato, V.; Fissum, S.; Hansen, K.; Isaksson, L.; Lundin, M.; Schröder, B.; Achenbach, P.; Bleser, S.; Cardinali, M.; Corell, O.; Deiseroth, M.; Denig, A.; Distler, M.; Feldbauer, F.; Fritsch, M.; Jasinski, P.; Hoek, M.; Kangh, D.; Karavdina, A.; Lauth, W.; Leithoff, H.; Merkel, H.; Michel, M.; Motzko, C.; Müller, U.; Noll, O.; Plueger, S.; Pochodzalla, J.; Sanchez, S.; Schlimme, S.; Sfienti, C.; Steinen, M.; Thiel, M.; Weber, T.; Zambrana, M.; Dormenev, V. I.; Fedorov, A. A.; Korzihik, M. V.; Missevitch, O. V.; Balanutsa, P.; Balanutsa, V.; Chernetsky, V.; Demekhin, A.; Dolgolenko, A.; Fedorets, P.; Gerasimov, A.; Goryachev, V.; Varentsov, V.; Boukharov, A.; Malyshev, O.; Marishev, I.; Semenov, A.; Konorov, I.; Paul, S.; Grieser, S.; Hergemöller, A. K.; Khoukaz, A.; Köhler, E.; Täschner, A.; Wessels, J.; Dash, S.; Jadhav, M.; Kumar, S.; Sarin, P.; Varma, R.; Chandratre, V. B.; Datar, V.; Dutta, D.; Jha, V.; Kumawat, H.; Mohanty, A. K.; Roy, B.; Yan, Y.; Chinorat, K.; Khanchai, K.; Ayut, L.; Pornrad, S.; Barnyakov, A. Y.; Blinov, A. E.; Blinov, V. E.; Bobrovnikov, V. S.; Kononov, S. A.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Kuyanov, I. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Sokolov, A. A.; Tikhonov, Y. A.; Atomssa, E.; Hennino, T.; Imre, M.; Kunne, R.; Le Galliard, C.; Ma, B.; Marchand, D.; Ong, S.; Ramstein, B.; Rosier, P.; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E.; Van de Wiele, J.; Boca, G.; Costanza, S.; Genova, P.; Lavezzi, L.; Montagna, P.; Rotondi, A.; Abramov, V.; Belikov, N.; Bukreeva, S.; Davidenko, A.; Derevschikov, A.; Goncharenko, Y.; Grishin, V.; Kachanov, V.; Kormilitsin, V.; Melnik, Y.; Levin, A.; Minaev, N.; Mochalov, V.; Morozov, D.; Nogach, L.; Poslavskiy, S.; Ryazantsev, A.; Ryzhikov, S.; Semenov, P.; Shein, I.; Uzunian, A.; Vasiliev, A.; Yakutin, A.; Yabsley, B.; Bäck, T.; Cederwall, B.; Makónyi, K.; Tegnér, P. E.; von Würtemberg, K. M.; Belostotski, S.; Gavrilov, G.; Izotov, A.; Kashchuk, A.; Levitskaya, O.; Manaenkov, S.; Miklukho, O.; Naryshkin, Y.; Suvorov, K.; Veretennikov, D.; Zhadanov, A.; Rai, A. K.; Godre, S. S.; Duchat, R.; Amoroso, A.; Bussa, M. P.; Busso, L.; De Mori, F.; Destefanis, M.; Fava, L.; Ferrero, L.; Greco, M.; Maggiora, M.; Maniscalco, G.; Marcello, S.; Sosio, S.; Spataro, S.; Zotti, L.; Calvo, D.; Coli, S.; De Remigis, P.; Filippi, A.; Giraudo, G.; Lusso, S.; Mazza, G.; Mingnore, M.; Rivetti, A.; Wheadon, R.; Balestra, F.; Iazzi, F.; Introzzi, R.; Lavagno, A.; Younis, H.; Birsa, R.; Bradamante, F.; Bressan, A.; Martin, A.; Clement, H.; Gålnander, B.; Caldeira Balkeståhl, L.; Calén, H.; Fransson, K.; Johansson, T.; Kupsc, A.; Marciniewski, P.; Pettersson, J.; Schönning, K.; Wolke, M.; Zlomanczuk, J.; Díaz, J.; Ortiz, A.; Vinodkumar, P. C.; Parmar, A.; Chlopik, A.; Melnychuk, D.; Slowinski, B.; Trzcinski, A.; Wojciechowski, M.; Wronka, S.; Zwieglinski, B.; Bühler, P.; Marton, J.; Suzuki, K.; Widmann, E.; Zmeskal, J.; Fröhlich, B.; Khaneft, D.; Lin, D.; Zimmermann, I.; Semenov-Tian-Shansky, K.

    2015-08-01

    Baryon-to-meson Transition Distribution Amplitudes (TDAs) encoding valuable new information on hadron structure appear as building blocks in the collinear factorized description for several types of hard exclusive reactions. In this paper, we address the possibility of accessing nucleon-to-pion ( πN) TDAs from reaction with the future P¯ANDA detector at the FAIR facility. At high center-of-mass energy and high invariant mass squared of the lepton pair q 2, the amplitude of the signal channel admits a QCD factorized description in terms of πN TDAs and nucleon Distribution Amplitudes (DAs) in the forward and backward kinematic regimes. Assuming the validity of this factorized description, we perform feasibility studies for measuring with the P¯ANDA detector. Detailed simulations on signal reconstruction efficiency as well as on rejection of the most severe background channel, i.e. were performed for the center-of-mass energy squared s = 5 GeV2 and s = 10 GeV2, in the kinematic regions 3.0 < q 2 < 4.3 GeV2 and 5 < q 2 GeV2, respectively, with a neutral pion scattered in the forward or backward cone in the proton-antiproton center-of-mass frame. Results of the simulation show that the particle identification capabilities of the P¯ANDA detector will allow to achieve a background rejection factor of 5 · 107 (1 · 107) at low (high) q 2 for s = 5 GeV2, and of 1 · 108 (6 · 106) at low (high) q 2 for s = 10 GeV2, while keeping the signal reconstruction efficiency at around 40%. At both energies, a clean lepton signal can be reconstructed with the expected statistics corresponding to 2 fb-1 of integrated luminosity. The cross sections obtained from the simulations are used to show that a test of QCD collinear factorization can be done at the lowest order by measuring scaling laws and angular distributions. The future measurement of the signal channel cross section with P¯ANDA will provide a new test of the perturbative QCD description of a novel class of hard

  3. Disentangling P̅ANDA 's time-based data stream

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tiemens, M.

    2016-01-01

    To allow the online selection of events, the readout of the P̅ANDA detector will reconstruct particles online. Several algorithms to perform this task in one of the subsystems, the electromagnetic calorimeter, are being developed. The algorithms are discussed, and a simple test case shows that they appear to behave similarly in terms of the ability to reconstruct events, and the time it takes to do this. However, some peculiarities, like the fact that the algorithms show the best performance in what is expected to be the worst-case scenario, still require additional investigation. (paper)

  4. Online Tracking Algorithms on GPUs for the P̅ANDA Experiment at FAIR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, L.; Herten, A.; Ritman, J.; Stockmanns, T.; Adinetz, A.; Kraus, J.; Pleiter, D.

    2015-12-01

    ANDA is a future hadron and nuclear physics experiment at the FAIR facility in construction in Darmstadt, Germany. In contrast to the majority of current experiments, PANDA's strategy for data acquisition is based on event reconstruction from free-streaming data, performed in real time entirely by software algorithms using global detector information. This paper reports the status of the development of algorithms for the reconstruction of charged particle tracks, optimized online data processing applications, using General-Purpose Graphic Processing Units (GPU). Two algorithms for trackfinding, the Triplet Finder and the Circle Hough, are described, and details of their GPU implementations are highlighted. Average track reconstruction times of less than 100 ns are obtained running the Triplet Finder on state-of- the-art GPU cards. In addition, a proof-of-concept system for the dispatch of data to tracking algorithms using Message Queues is presented.

  5. Online Tracking Algorithms on GPUs for the P-barANDA Experiment at FAIR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bianchi, L; Herten, A; Ritman, J; Stockmanns, T; Adinetz, A.; Pleiter, D; Kraus, J

    2015-01-01

    P-barANDA is a future hadron and nuclear physics experiment at the FAIR facility in construction in Darmstadt, Germany. In contrast to the majority of current experiments, PANDA's strategy for data acquisition is based on event reconstruction from free-streaming data, performed in real time entirely by software algorithms using global detector information. This paper reports the status of the development of algorithms for the reconstruction of charged particle tracks, optimized online data processing applications, using General-Purpose Graphic Processing Units (GPU). Two algorithms for trackfinding, the Triplet Finder and the Circle Hough, are described, and details of their GPU implementations are highlighted. Average track reconstruction times of less than 100 ns are obtained running the Triplet Finder on state-of- the-art GPU cards. In addition, a proof-of-concept system for the dispatch of data to tracking algorithms using Message Queues is presented. (paper)

  6. Status of abalone fishery and experiential mariculture as a resource conservation strategy in Carot, Anda, Pangasinan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel C. Capinpin, Jr.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The study described the abalone f ishery in Carot, Anda, Pangasinan to develop mariculture and to reseed a part of the harvest as a resource conservation strategy. The abalone fishery of Anda is artisanal or smallscale, typif ied by f ishers gleaning or free-diving on shallow rocky areas which are the typical habitat of abalone. Low densities of 1.67 to 8 individuals per 250 m2 were observed. Local f ishers have knowledge of productive f ishing areas. Hence, cage culture of abalone in these areas could be a viable resource conservation strategy as they serve as reproductive reserves to supply larvae for continued productivity of the f ishing grounds. Abalone mariculture following the Farmer Field School (FFS concept was explored to address both resource management and economic needs. As a resource enhancement activity, mariculture guarantees that cultured abalone are allowed to grow to maturity before harvested, while some are retained to restock a marine sanctuary. Sincemariculture makes possible the aggregation of individuals, the probability that fertilization would take place is increased. As supplemental source of livelihood, abalone is a high value commodity and its culture can help augment the income of f ishers. Small abalone (3-4 cm can be cultured further for 3-4 months to increase their size and weight. Mariculture should be done from November to May to avoid the rainy season and improve survivorship. The experiential activity was successful because it became a means for the f ishers to experienceresource management. Under the FFS, the researcher became a facilitator and mentored the cooperators in learning from their experience. The lessons sharpened the f ishers’ skills in observation, problem-solving, decision-making, and critical thinking. This enabled them to gain an appreciation of their resource.

  7. Arnold Rüütlile tuleb anda võimalus rääkida / Jarno Laur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Jarno, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Autori arvates on ebaaus nii ametisoleva presidendi Arnold Rüütli, presidenti valivate saadikute ja volinike kui ka teiste presidendikandidaatide suhtes, et praegust presidenti pole sisulistesse debattidesse üldse kaasatud. Ta soovitab lisaks Rahvaliidu 16. allkirjale anda kõigil teistel parlamendierakondadel vähemalt üks allkiri president Rüütli toetuseks, et viimane saaks võimaluse rääkida ning osaleda valimiskampaanias teistega võrdsetel alustel

  8. Charm Production in Interactions of Antiproton with Proton and Nuclei at \\bar{it{P}}it{ANDA} Energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shyam, R.; Tsushima, K.

    2018-05-01

    We study the production of charmed baryons in the antiproton-proton and antiproton-nucleus interactions within a fully covariant model that is based on an effective Lagrangian approach. The baryon production proceeds via the t-channel D^0 and D^{*0} meson-exchange diagrams. We have also explored the production of the charm-baryon hypernucleus ^{16}_{Λ_c^+}O in the antiproton-^{16}O collisions. For antiproton beam momenta of interest to the {\\bar{P}}ANDA experiment, the 0° differential cross sections for the formation of ^{16}_{Λ_c^+}O hypernuclear states with simple particle-hole configurations, have magnitudes in the range of a few μ b/sr.

  9. Development of a dedicated front-end electronics for straw tube trackers in the P-bar ANDA experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Przyborowski, D.; Fiutowski, T.; Idzik, M.; Swientek, K.; Terlecki, P.; Tokarz, J.; Kajetanowicz, M.; Korcyl, G.; Salabura, P.; Smyrski, J.; Strzempek, P.

    2016-01-01

    The design and tests of front-end electronics for straw tube trackers in the P-bar ANDA experiment at FAIR are presented. The challenges for the front-end electronics, comprising operation at high counting rate up to 1 MHz per straw tube, are discussed and the proposed architecture comprising a switched gain charge sensitive preamplifier (CSP), a pole-zero cancellation circuit (PZC), a second order variable peaking time shaper, a trimming ion tail cancellation circuit, and a baseline holder (BLH), is described. The front-end provides an analogue output and a discriminator with LVDS differential driver for the Time-of-Arrival (ToA) and Time-over-Threshold (ToT) measurements. A prototype readout ASIC featuring four channels was fabricated in 0.35 μm CMOS technology consuming 15.5 mW (analog part) and 12 mW (LVDS) per channel. The results of measurements of peaking time (25–67 ns), gain, noise (ENC 800–2500 el. for various gains), time walk and jitter are presented as well as the first results obtained with prototype straw tubes connected.

  10. A time-based front-end ASIC for the silicon micro strip sensors of the P-bar ANDA Micro Vertex Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pietro, V. Di; Brinkmann, K.-Th.; Riccardi, A.; Ritman, J.; Stockmanns, T.; Zambanini, A.; Rivetti, A.; Rolo, M.D.

    2016-01-01

    The P-bar ANDA (Antiproton Annihilation at Darmstadt) experiment foresees many detectors for tracking, particle identification and calorimetry. Among them, the innermost is the MVD (Micro Vertex Detector) responsible for a precise tracking and the reconstruction of secondary vertices. This detector will be built from both hybrid pixel (two inner barrels and six forward disks) and double-sided micro strip (two outer barrels and outer rim of the last two disks) silicon sensors. A time-based approach has been chosen for the readout ASIC of the strip sensors. The PASTA ( P-bar ANDA Strip ASIC) chip aims at high resolution time-stamping and charge information through the Time over Threshold (ToT) technique. It benefits from a Time to Digital Converter (TDC) allowing a time bin width down to 50 ps. The analog front-end was designed to serve both n-type and p-type strips and the performed simulations show remarkable performances in terms of linearity and electronic noise. The TDC consists of an analog interpolator, a digital local controller, and a digital global controller as the common back-end for all of the 64 channels

  11. Memoria de actores: Entre bobos anda el juego en la escena del teatro Español de Madrid (1895-1896

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menéndez Onrubia, Carmen

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The outstanding work developed by Maria Guerrero through her long activity as actress and producer, began in the 1894-95 season with two important achievements. On one side, she attracted around her the most important and compromised authors, initiating the necessary innovation in contemporary theatre. On the other, thank to her, the Spanish Classical Theatre had one of its best moments. To this Theatre the actress dedicated one day per week, the «classic Mondays», and with its performances she travelled all over Europe and South America. This article is intended to study the complex work to stage Entre bobos anda el juego, the play that inaugurated the first complete season at the Teatro Español in Madrid (1895- 96. It is important to emphasize her scenographic and artistic work, and Donato Jiménez as well, one of the best interpreters as Don Lucas del Cigarral.La gran labor dramática desarrollada por María Guerrero en su larga vida escénica como actriz y empresaria, arrancó en la temporada teatral 1894-95 con dos grandes logros. De una parte, los autores contemporáneos más comprometidos se aglutinaron en torno a ella, iniciándose así la tan necesaria renovación teatral. De otra, el teatro clásico español vivió en los años finales del siglo XIX, gracias a la Guerrero, uno de sus momentos más esplendorosos. A él dedicó la actriz un día a la semana, los «lunes clásicos», y con él se paseó por Europa y América del Sur. Al estudio de la puesta en escena de Entre bobos anda el juego, obra con la que inauguró la primera temporada completa en el teatro Español de Madrid (1895-1896, va dedicado este trabajo, en el que se destaca la cuidada labor escenográfica y artística de la joven empresaria y actriz, así como la que desarrolló Donato Jiménez, uno de los mejores intérpretes de Don Lucas del Cigarral.

  12. Apakah Anda Benar-benar Mengenali Pesaing Anda?

    OpenAIRE

    Umar, Setiadi

    2005-01-01

    Paying attention to competitor is as important as caring your customers. By giving full attention ONLY to customers and not aware of what your competitors doing will create a very fragile condition. Since, as we know, what we called satisfaction, expectation, and customer value is very relative to competitors offering. Their values are not absolute. There are many companies who have lack information about their competitor. Many do not even know, whether they have competitor or n...

  13. Inginkah Anda Mempunyai Banyak Pasien ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Sariningsih

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this global era the quality of dental service in Indonesia has become increasingly competitive, which can be reflected in the increasing number of traditional dental service, private dental practice, public health service, 24 hour health clinic, dental clinic, specialist dental clinic and dental spa. Dentists need to consider an appropriate service method and to determine the patient’s specific target so that they could become a loyal customer. The first important consideration in order to satisfy customer a dentist has to be updated with the latest dentistry development, dental equipment and material, so that he is able to apply the latest dental techniques with sophisticated equipment and materials. The second point is the dental service quality, the dentist meticulousness and carefulness to execute every case. The third point is the best dental service of the dentist and his team, hospitality, punctuality, strategic practice location and interior practice hygiene. The last important point is to determine the patient’s specific target market based on dentist’s competitive skill and local people characteristic.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v15i3.26

  14. Comunication: the Paradigms of symmetry, antisymmetry anda asymmetry

    OpenAIRE

    Winfried Nöth

    2011-01-01

    The paper examines how the process of communication is represented (a) in the etymology of the conceptof communication, (b) in everyday metaphors of communication, and (c) in 20th century theories andmodels of communication. These reflect this paradox in three different scenarios: the paradigms ofsymmetry, antisymmetry and asymmetry. The dead end into which communication theory is led by theproponents of the latter paradigm is contrasted with some solutions offered by Charles S. Peirce’scommu...

  15. Uskuda, edasi liikuda, eeskuju anda / Quentin Peel ; interv. Epp Ehand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peel, Quentin

    2007-01-01

    Financial Times'i välisuudiste toimetaja arvab, et Euroopa Liidu roll maailmas on näidata oma eeskujuga, kuidas teha äärmiselt tihedat rahvusvahelist koostööd väga hästi. Kommentaarid Berliini deklaratsioonile

  16. Ajaloolist hinnangut veel vara anda? / ref. Heimar Lenk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Lühendatult sotsioloog Juhan Kivirähki ettekandest, milles ta analüüsis Reformierakonna ja Keskerakonna koalitsiooni tegevust aastatel 2002-2003 ning Keskerakonna võimalusi koostööks teiste parteidega. Artiklis märgitud ettekande autoriks Andrus Kivirähk

  17. Eating attitudes anda habits on adolescents in the Pilsen region

    OpenAIRE

    CÍROVÁ, Vanda

    2016-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with the eating habits of pupils at elementary schools and of the third-year students of high school. The theoretical part deals with the definition of teenagers and adolescents eating habits and attitudes, the principles of a healthy diet, fluid intake, the most common eating disorders, metabolic disorders and obesity. The practical part contains the research carried out at selected elementary and secondary schools. Results are compared by gender, education level a...

  18. "Not Censorship but Selection": Censorship and/as Prizing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This essay calls for a fresh critical approach to the topic of censorship, suggesting that anticensorship efforts, while important and necessary, function much like literary prizing. The analysis draws especially on James English's recent study "The Economy of Prestige." There are two central arguments: first, that the librarian ethic of…

  19. Writing Center Administration and/as Emotional Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Rebecca; McKinney, Jackie Grutsch; Caswell, Nicole I.

    2016-01-01

    Scholars have offered research and theory about emotional labor and the feeling of emotion in rhetoric and composition, but we have little if any such research on writing center work specifically. Drawing on data from a year-long qualitative study of writing center directors' labor, this article examines writing center directors' emotional labor…

  20. The Future of Dance and/as Work: Performing Precarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Assche, Annelies

    2017-01-01

    This article explores how and to what extent precarity is intertwined with a contemporary dance artist's labour, life and art in the neoliberal society. Throughout this investigation my arguments are supported by insights from an on-going qualitative study that uses in-depth interviews and observations of working processes within the Brussels…

  1. The estimation genetically effective call numbers of panicle formation of seratus malam anda cisadane rice varieties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dwimahyani, I.; Suyono, G.

    1988-01-01

    An experiment has been carried out to estimate the genetically effective cell numbers on panicle formation of 2 rice varieties. Seeds of Seratus Malam were irradiated with gamma rays 60-Co with doses 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; 0.5 kGy, while Cisadane obtained doses 0.1; 0.2; 0.3; 0.4; and 0.5 kGy. Seeds then planted as M1 generation. Panicle form this M1 generation were observed and appeared as Albania and Xantha. Form this observation segregation ratio could be determined. It was showed that Cisadane was more sensitive than Seratus Malam variety. The genetically effective Cell Numbers value at low dose was 3 for both varieties. At high dose, the genetically effective cell numbers values was 2 for Seratus Malam and 1 for Cisadane varieties. Result indicate that high dose of irradiation could kill cell and therefore reduce effective cell numbers on panicle formation. (Authors). 6 refs, 3 tabs

  2. Affect and/as Collective Resistance in a Post-Truth Moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro Samayoa, Andrés; Nicolazzo, Z

    2017-01-01

    In this piece, we call upon the value of coalitional politics as a strategy of resistance in the face of an increasingly powerful post-truth regime. Reflecting on the insidious effects of fact-denying discourses are echoed in our classrooms and in our roles as educators, we openly wonder: What might it mean for educators to use feelings as a guide…

  3. Academic Centers and/as Industrial Consortia: US Microelectronics Research 1976-2016

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mody, Cyrus C.M.

    2017-01-01

    In the U.S., in the late 1970s and early 1980s, academic research centers that were tightly linked to the semiconductor industry began to proliferate – at exactly the same time as the first academic start-up companies in biotech, and slightly before the first U.S. industrial semiconductor research

  4. ASA Kindlustus loodab lepingud kahe nädalaga Tšiili firmale anda / Margus Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simson, Margus

    1999-01-01

    ASA Kindlustus ja AB Elukindlustus loodavad, et seltside tegevuslitsentside tühistamine lükatakse edasi veel kahe nädala võrra, kindlustusportfellide üleandmine Tšiili firmale Pacific Overseas Group

  5. Erikomitee soovitab ekspeaministri hooletuse pärast kohtusse anda / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    Islandi parlamendi erikomitee otsuse kohaselt on alust süüdistada endist peaministrit Geir Haardet, endist välisministrit Ingibjorg Solrun Gisladottirit, endist rahandusministrit Arni Mathieseni ja endist majandusministrit Bjorgvin Sigurdssoni riigi langemises finants- ja majanduskriisi

  6. Hypernuclear physics studies of the P̅ANDA experiment at FAIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorente Alicia Sanchez

    2015-01-01

    Among these improvements is the new concept for a cooling system for the germanium detector based on a electro-mechanical device. In the present work, the cooling efficiency of such devices has been successfully tested, showing their capability to reach liquid nitrogen temperatures and therefore the possibility to use them as a good alternative to the standard liquid nitrogen dewars. Furthermore, since the momentum resolution of low momentum particles is crucial for the unique identification of hypernuclei, an analysis procedure for improving the momentum resolution in few layer silicon based trackers is presented.

  7. Using Local Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Education in Resource Management of Abalone in Carot, Anda, Pangasinan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel C. Capinpin, Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the present study were to (1 determine the local ecological knowledge (LEK of abalone gatherers through interviews and mentoring, and assess the correspondence between scientific information and LEK, so that areas where local knowledge may be most useful in resource management could be identified, and (2 to empower selected gatherers/farmers with knowledge and technical skills through environmental education to help develop or build their capacity to become sustainable resource managers. The LEK of abalone fishers was determined using three complementary approaches – group interview, individual interview, and mentoring sessions. Local fishers possess a wealth of knowledge about the interactions of species gained through many years of observations, and this knowledge may be useful in guiding biologists in ecological restoration or management regimes. Additionally, the fishers’ LEK, validated by modern scientific ecological findings, could be a source of important and effective ideas in resource management. The knowledge of the abalone gatherers about important abalone fishing grounds should help in pinpointing critical areas that need to be managed. Abalone mariculture in cages should be set up in these areas to routinely create dense breeding populations which can help in enhancing recovery and in providing fishers with a source of additional income. The continued enforcement of marine protected areas and the periodic release or reseeding of abalone in sanctuaries could also be considered viable resource management options. Other recommendations for resource management based on gathered local knowledge and lessons learned from the environmental education (EE seminars are also presented.

  8. Hypernuclear physics studies of the P̅ANDA experiment at FAIR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez Lorente, Alicia

    2015-05-01

    Hypernuclear research will be one of the main topics addressed by the PANDA experiment at the planned Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR at Darmstadt (Germany). [1, 2] Thanks to the use of stored p̅ beams, copious production of double Λ hypernuclei is expected at the PANDA experiment, which will enable high precision γ spectroscopy of such nuclei for the first time, and consequently a unique chance to explore the hyperon-hyperon interaction. In particular, ambiguities of past experiments in determining the strength of the ΛΛ interaction will be avoided thanks to the excellent energy precision of a few keV (FWHM) achieved by germanium detectors. Such a resolution capability is particularly needed to resolve the small energy spacing of the order of (10-100) keV, which is characteristic from the spin doublet in hypernuclei the so -called "hypernuclear fine structure". In comparison to previous experiments, PANDA will benefit from a novel technique to assign the various observable γ-transitions in a unique way to specific double hypernuclei by exploring various light targets. Nevertheless, the ability to carry out unique assignments requires a devoted hypernuclear detector setup. This consists of a primary nuclear target for the production of Ξ- + overline Xi pairs, a secondary active target for the hypernuclei formation and the identification of associated decay products and a germanium array detector to perform γ spectroscopy. Moreover, one of the most challenging issues of this project is the fact that all detector systems need to operate in the presence of a high magnetic field and a large hadronic background. Accordingly, the need of an innovative detector concept will require dramatic improvements to fulfil these conditions and that will likely lead to a new generation of detectors. In the present work details concerning the current status of the activities related to the detector developments for this challenging programme will be given. Among these improvements is the new concept for a cooling system for the germanium detector based on a electro-mechanical device. In the present work, the cooling efficiency of such devices has been successfully tested, showing their capability to reach liquid nitrogen temperatures and therefore the possibility to use them as a good alternative to the standard liquid nitrogen dewars. Furthermore, since the momentum resolution of low momentum particles is crucial for the unique identification of hypernuclei, an analysis procedure for improving the momentum resolution in few layer silicon based trackers is presented.

  9. Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutus tahab GMO üle otsustamise anda elanikele / Ain Lember

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Ain

    2005-01-01

    Ühiskondliku Leppe Sihtasutus peab mõttekaks ühineda üle-euroopalise algatusega muuta EL seadusandlust selliselt, et GMO-vabade piirkondade kehtestamiseks õigus jääb maaomanike ja ametnike asemel elanikele

  10. Kelle emotsioonile anda teksti ette lugedes hääl? Vaatlus mitmest perspektiivist / Ene Vainik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainik, Ene, 1964-

    2014-01-01

    Püütakse esile tuua, milliste inimloomusest tulenevate tõsiasjadega peab arvestama, kui hakata sünteeskõnele emotsioone matkivat prosoodiat lisama. Koondatud on lähenemised erinevatest teadusharudest

  11. Entre fans anda el juego: audiencias creativas, series de televisión y narrativas transmedia

    OpenAIRE

    Establés, María-José

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo analiza cómo las comunidades de fans en red de las series Isabel y El Ministerio del Tiempo han contribuido a la ampliación de sus universos narrativos transmediáticos, a través de foros, blogs y redes sociales. Así, las fans han abierto el debate sobre el papel que debe desempeñar la televisión pública como generadora de contenidos de calidad debido a su vocación de servicio público. La metodología que se ha empleado se ha basado en la observación participante como aca-fan y en...

  12. Poliitikud vajavad kaastunnet, aga seda ei tohi anda tasuta / Mohamed A. El-Erian

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    El-Erian, Mohamed A.

    2011-01-01

    Euroopas, USA-s ja Jaapanis on majanduses valitsev meeleolu uuesti halvenemas, kõik need piirkonnad on hädas võlgade vähendamisega. Poliitikud seisavad praegu silmitsi ebatavaliselt raskete väljakutsetega, me peaksime neid muutusteks survestama

  13. Execução de túneis com recurso ao método cut anda cover

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Pedro Gustavo da Costa de

    2012-01-01

    Neste trabalho apresenta-se uma abordagem sobre a conceção e execução de túneis que incide na metodologia de execução de galerias a céu aberto (mais conhecida pela designação utilizada na língua inglesa – cut and cover). Na primeira parte do trabalho é enquadrado o tema, introduzindo-se uma perspetiva sobre a sua evolução histórica, descrevem-se as principais metodologias adotadas na construção de túneis, afloram-se as vantagens e desvantagens de cada metodologia, abordam-se de forma sumár...

  14. Riik võib Lilleküla staadioni lõpuni ehitamiseks laenu anda / Risto Berendson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Berendson, Risto, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Rahandusministeeriumi hinnangu kohaselt võiks riik toetada Lilleküla jalgpallikompleksi valmimist osaliselt rahaliselt ja osaliselt alaliidule soodsalt laenu andes, eeltingimus on, et jalgpalliliit peab staadioni valmimiseks vajaminevast 90 miljonist kroonist katma vähemalt viiendiku

  15. Kuidas anda oma elule mõte? Milli ja Nietzsche eksperiment / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Mill, John Stuart. Vabadusest / Tlk. Kaja Tael. Tln. : Hortus Litterarum, 1996. (Avatud Eesti Raamat); Nietzsche, Friedrich. Ecce homo : Kuidas saadakse selleks, mis ollakse / Tlk. Jaan Undusk. Tln. : Vagabund, 1996. (Avatud Eesti Raamat)

  16. Romano Prodi : "Minu ülesanne Itaalias on anda noortele energiat" / Romano Prodi ; interv. Ülle Toode

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prodi, Romano, 1939-

    2006-01-01

    Itaalia vasakpoolse opositsiooni peaministrikandidaadi sõnul loodi uus valimissüsteem ekstra tema vastu. Valimisvõitlus Silvio Berlusconiga pole olnud võrdne - 47% Itaalia telekanalitest kuulub S. Berlusconile. Valimised võites tahab R. Prodi alustada Itaalias taas Euroopa-meelset poliitikat, leida USA-ga ühine keel, tuua Itaalia väed Iraagist ära. Lisa: Prodi vasaktsentristid võidukad

  17. Mõrvaprotsessi süüalune üritas uurijaid kohtusse anda / Villu Päärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2003-01-01

    Tartu endise abilinnapea Aleks Lenzneri poja Antoni tapmises kohtu alla antud Valeri Tsakker saatis kaitsepolitseisse avalduse, väites, et keskkriminaalpolitseinikud avaldasid talle psühholoogilist survet

  18. Suur meediaäri või kaubamärkide suretamine? / Anda Rožukalne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rožukalne, Anda

    2009-01-01

    Seoses Läti ajalehtede Diena ja Dienas Bizness ostja avalikustamata jätmisega ütleb autor, et teatud mõttes on Diena ja Diena Biznes ühinenud sellesama hämara rühmaga, mille olemasolu vastu nad on aastaid võidelnud

  19. Role of the nurse in the short stay immunotherapy Unit during the administration of intravenous anda subcutaneous gammaglobulin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosales Sánchez Isis

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing development of medical specialties, an urgent necessity of parallel specialties in the laboratories and nursing fields becomes evident. Immunology is the field of science responsible for the study of defense responses developed by an individual in the face of aggression by microorganisms or foreign particles as well as those coming from the internal environment such as neoplastic cells.1 Immunology is considered as a young discipline with an spectacular development that took place in the second half of 20th century. From then till date, there have been many important spectacular advances in the area leading to its consolidation as an independent science separate from microbiology. As part of the Immunology Service at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatria (INP, the Short-Stay Immunotherapy Unity (SSI was established. This unity has been fundamental in ensuring adequate treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiency and autoim- mune in the long term. We highlight the roles of the nursing staff of SSI in the area of drug preparation and patient care.

  20. Depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes: results from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanayakkara, Natalie; Pease, Anthony; Ranasinha, Sanjeeva; Wischer, Natalie; Andrikopoulos, Sofianos; Speight, Jane; de Courten, Barbora; Zoungas, Sophia

    2018-05-18

    This study explores the prevalence of, and factors associated with, likely depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes in a large, national sample. Australian National Diabetes Audit data were analysed from adults with type 2 diabetes attending 50 diabetes centres. The Brief Case find for Depression and Diabetes Distress Score 17 were administered to screen for likely depression and diabetes-related distress, respectively. A total of 2,552 adults with type 2 diabetes participated: (mean ± SD) age was 63 ± 13 years, diabetes duration was 12 ± 10 years, and HbA1c was 8 ± 2%. Twenty-nine percent of patients had likely depression, 7% had high diabetes distress, and 5% had both. Difficulty following dietary recommendations, smoking, forgetting medications, and diabetes distress were all associated with greater odds of depression whereas higher own health rating was associated with lower odds (all p < 0.02). Female gender, increasing HbA1c, insulin use, difficulty following dietary recommendations and depression were all associated with greater odds of diabetes distress & older age, higher own health rating and monitoring blood glucose levels as recommended were associated with lower odds (all p < 0.04). Depression was associated with sub-optimal self-care, while diabetes distress was associated with higher HbA1c and sub-optimal self-care.

  1. Measurements and improvements of the response of the $\\overline{P}ANDA$-EMC prototype PROTO 60 to high energetic particles and photons in accelerator experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Moritz, Markus

    The PANDA experiment at FAIR will provide an opportunity to achieve a better understanding of complex hadronic systems. Measurements will be performed with antiprotons using a fixed-target setup. In order to reconstruct most of the reactions, a precise measurement of electromagnetic probes and their energies are crucial. An important and major component of the detector is therefore the electromagnetic calorimeter. Due to the lack of commercial availability of such ambitious, complex and highly specialized detector systems, detailed research and development are nec essary, including prototype development, testing and optimization. The investigation of the response of a homogeneous electromagnetic calorimeter prototype is the main scope of the present thesis. This prototype, called PROTO 60, is composed out of 60 truncated pyramidal shaped PWO-II crystals, cooled down to -25 C and read out with one Large Area Avalanche Photodiode (LAAPDs). The PROTO 60 represents a small section of the central barrel part of th...

  2. Por onde anda o território na BNC? Uma análise preliminar da seleção curricular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Por onde anda o território na BNC? Uma análise preliminar da seleção curricular

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio pretende explorar o documento preliminar da Base Nacional Comum Curricular (BCN, cuja versão definitiva é prevista para o primeiro semestre de 2016, em que comunica um projeto de seleção do conhecimento escolar para toda educação básica. Suspeito de que esta versão do documento silencia questões inegociáveis do que acreditamos como princípio do ensino da Geografia: a dimensão política. Se coletivamente apostamos na dimensão de território como agenciamento, como conceito que se organiza na indissociabilidade espaço-tempo e que dá visibilidade à dinâmica social em torno de qualquer produção identitária (HAESBAERT, 2014, suspeito que, por ora, a concepção restrita do território como objeto silencia as camadas do conflito. Emerge daí nossa desconfiança sobre o esvaziamento político proposto pela agenda da Base Comum.

  3. Tapio Aura - tsemenditehas tuleb järgmisele põlvkonnale üle anda natuke paremas seisus / Tapio Aura ; interv. Toomas Kään

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aura, Tapio

    2005-01-01

    AS Kunda Nordic Tsement juhatuse esimees on kümne Eestis elatud ja töötatud aastaga ära õppinud eesti keele ning teinud tehasest tugeva, jätkusuutliku ja konkurentsivõimelise ettevõtte. Lisa: Eino Tapio Aura. Kommenteerib maxit Estonia AS tegevdirektor Viktor Valkiainen

  4. Parteide salajased rahastajad tuleb välja anda / Raimo Poom, Mirko Ojakivi ; kommenteerinud Ülle Madise, Kristen Michal, Priit Toobal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2009-01-01

    Uue erakonnaseaduse eelnõus plaanitakse muuta ka erakondade rahastamise põhimõtteid, seaduse muutmise kava salastamisest. Hiljemalt 31. oktoobril peab justiitsministeerium saatma vastuse Euroopa Nõukogu korruptsioonivastaste riikide ühendusele GRECO, kelle raportis nõuti Eestilt sõltumatut erakondade rahastamist kontrolliva organi sisseseadmist. Näiteid erakondade küsitava rahastamise kohta

  5. Burden of cardiovascular risk factors and disease among patients with type 1 diabetes: results of the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pease, Anthony; Earnest, Arul; Ranasinha, Sanjeeva; Nanayakkara, Natalie; Liew, Danny; Wischer, Natalie; Andrikopoulos, Sofianos; Zoungas, Sophia

    2018-06-02

    Cardiovascular risk stratification is complex in type 1 diabetes. We hypothesised that traditional and diabetes-specific cardiovascular risk factors were prevalent and strongly associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) among adults with type 1 diabetes attending Australian diabetes centres. De-identified, prospectively collected data from patients with type 1 diabetes aged ≥ 18 years in the 2015 Australian National Diabetes Audit were analysed. The burden of cardiovascular risk factors [age, sex, diabetes duration, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index, smoking status, retinopathy, renal function and albuminuria] and associations with CVD inclusive of stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass graft surgery/angioplasty and peripheral vascular disease were assessed. Restricted cubic splines assessed for non-linearity of diabetes duration and likelihood ratio test assessed for interactions between age, diabetes duration, centre type and cardiovascular outcomes of interest. Discriminatory ability of multivariable models were assessed with area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Data from 1169 patients were analysed. Mean (± SD) age and median diabetes duration was 40.0 (± 16.7) and 16.0 (8.0-27.0) years respectively. Cardiovascular risk factors were prevalent including hypertension (21.9%), dyslipidaemia (89.4%), overweight/obesity (56.4%), ever smoking (38.5%), albuminuria (31.1%), estimated glomerular filtration rate  7.0% (53 mmol/mol) (81.0%). Older age, longer diabetes duration, smoking and antihypertensive therapy use were positively associated with CVD, while high density lipoprotein-cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure were negatively associated (p < 0.05). Association with CVD and diabetes duration remained constant until 20 years when a linear increase was noted. Longer diabetes duration also had the highest population attributable risk of 6.5% (95% CI 1.4, 11.6). Further, the models for CVD demonstrated good discriminatory ability (area under the ROC curve 0.88; 95% CI 0.84, 0.92). Cardiovascular risk factors were prevalent and strongly associated with CVD among adults with type 1 diabetes attending Australian diabetes centres. Given the approximate J-shaped association between type 1 diabetes duration and CVD, the impact of cardiovascular risk stratification and management before and after 20 years duration needs to be further assessed longitudinally. Diabetes specific cardiovascular risk stratification tools incorporating diabetes duration should be an important consideration in future guideline development.

  6. Measurements and simulations on position dependencies in the response of single PWO crystals and a prototype for the $\\overline{P}ANDA$ EMC

    CERN Document Server

    Bremer, Daniel Andreas

    The PANDA experiment, which will be located at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, aims at the study of strong interaction within the charm sector via antiproton- proton collisions. An essential component of the PANDA detector to achieve the ambitious physics goals is the Electromagnetic Calorimeter (EMC). Reason for this is particularly its high detection efficiency for photons and electrons over a large dynamic range, since most of the expected physics channels are accompanied by secondary photons. The EMC is based on second generation lead tungstate scintillator crystals and thus features a very compact design and improved performance. To guarantee a homogeneous and precise energy and momentum response, an exact knowledge on the incident particle position is mandatory. In the scope of this work, non-uniformities in the light yield of single lead tungstate crystals with tapered geometry are investigated. This effect was studied with the SLitrani simulation package in comparison to a series ...

  7. Mobiiliga saab hakata andma digitaalallkirja / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    EMT hakkab väljastama mobiiltelefoni SIM-kaarte, mis võimaldavad anda digitaalset allkirja. EMT lisateenuste ärijuhi Indrek Östermani selgitus. Lisad: Mobiiliga saab internetipanka minna ja digitaalallkirja anda; Keskkond muutub turvalisemaks

  8. Hiinas tunda krahhi hõngu / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Hiinas ei tohi pangad anda laenu kolmanda eluaseme ostuks. Pankadele on soovitatud mitte anda kinnisvaralaenu mitteresidentidest maksutuludeta inimestele ja neile, kel ei ole tõendit sotsiaalmaksu tasumise kohta. Euroopas langesid lennifirmade aktsiad umbes 5%

  9. Diga-Me no que Andas e te Direi Quem És: Aspectos de Influência nos Jovens da Classe C Brasileira para Adquirir Automóveis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Mendes Lübeck

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available o presente trabalho foi elaborado com o intuito de verificar quais aspectos motivam um grupo de integrantes da classe C, pertencentes à geração Y, a realizar a compra ou a manter um automóvel. A pesquisa é relevante em vista da Classe C brasileira estar em expansão econômica e representar um dos maiores potenciais de consumo para bens duráveis, tais como um automóvel. A coleta dos dados foi baseada em um grupo de foco e complementada por entrevistas em profundidade, com indivíduos cuja renda mensal posicionava-se entre R$ 1.064 até R$ 4.561,00 (Neri, 2011. A pesquisa tem como essenciais as considerações de que o consumo de carros na amostra estudada está associado ao sentimento de elevação social, segurança e comodidade. DOI: 10.5585/remark.v13i3.2506

  10. La enseñanda de inglés como lengua extranjera a niños sordos e hipoacústicos incluidos en educación común en la Ciudad de San Juan, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz, Patricia Alejandra

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo propone indagar en la enseñanza y aprendizaje de los niños sordos e hipoacúsicos, en particular en el área de la lengua extranjera inglés, ámbito que carece de investigaciones formales. En este trabajo se describe el estado actual dela enseñanza del inglés como lengua extranjera a los niños sordos e hipoacúsicos incluidos en la educación común en la ciudad de San Juan, se intenta determinar el nivel de logro de los objetivos propuestos en el espacio curricular inglés p...

  11. Kelle emotsioonile anda teksti ette lugedes hääl? Vaatlus mitmest perspektiivist / Who’s emotions to express while reading out loud? A multi-perspective approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ene Vainik

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Artikli eesmärgiks on esile tuua, milliste inimloomusest tulenevate tõsiasjadega peaks arvestama, kui on plaanis hakata sünteeskõnele emotsioone matkivat prosoodiat lisama. Sel eesmärgil on kokku koondatud lähenemised erinevatest inimest puudutavates teadusharudest nagu neuroloogia, kirjandusteadus, sotsiaalpsühholoogia, filosoofia jne. Eri perspektiividena käsitletakse kuulaja, teksti peategelase, autori ja lugeja emotsioonide kujunemist. Seejärel kirjeldatakse, kuidas lisab vokaalseid emotsioone inimesest ettelugeja ning kuidas lähenetakse teksti ja emotsioonide vahekorrale afektirehkenduse valdkonnas. Artikli lõpuosas esitatakse visioon keskmise lugeja emotsionaalset reageeringut jäljendavast virtuaalsest Emonculus’est kui võimalikust tulevikuperspektiivist emotsionaalse prosoodia lisamisel sünteeskõnele.

  12. Como Anda a Habitação Social no Brasil? Reflexões sobre a Trajetória das Políticas Habitacionais da Década de 1960 à Atualidade

    OpenAIRE

    Lucia Camargos Melchiors

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: a questão da habitação é uma das faces mais complexas da urbanização, em especial, em países em desenvolvimento como o Brasil, no qual o acesso à moradia é uma necessidade urgente. Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar uma reflexão sobre as políticas habitacionais brasileiras a partir de uma perspectiva histórica, examinando distintos períodos, da década de 1960 à atualidade. São abordadas as políticas do Banco Nacional de Desenvolvimento (BNH) e um estudo do Programa Minha Casa, M...

  13. "ANDAS SKA MAN ÄNDÅ GÖRA" : - Föräldrars förlossningsupplevelser då psykoprofylax använts som förlossningsförberedelse

    OpenAIRE

    Walve, Rebecka

    2013-01-01

    Several factors can affect the childbirth experience among parents. Previous research showed that parental education was insufficient. Parents who participated in both regular parental classes and psychoprophylaxis education were more satisfied with the psychoprophylaxis education compared to those who participated in only traditional parental classes. Psychoprophylaxis should be more considered as it could help the woman to handle her pain and contribute to increased self-esteem. The aim was...

  14. Aasta noore tiitli pälvis üle saja muusiku / Andra Kütt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kütt, Andra

    2009-01-01

    Viljandi Aasta noore preemiale kandideerinud 11 noorest ja noortekollektiivist. Preemia otsustati anda Viljandi Noorte Sümfooniaorkestrile suurepärase kontserttegevuse eest Viljandis ja mujal Eestis.

  15. Sekhon: see ei ole terrorismi lõpp / Harinder Sekhon ; intervjueerinud Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sekhon, Harinder

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu New Delhis asuva mõttekoja Observer Foundation vanemteaduriga Osama bin Ladeni tapmisest, selle mõjust Afganistani sõjale, al-Qaidast ja Talibanist. Tema sõnul tuleks anda al-Qaidale löök enne, kui nad uuesti grupeeruvad, löök tuleb anda infrastruktuurile, rahastamisele

  16. 76 FR 20357 - Determination That KEFLEX (Cephalexin) Capsule, Equivalent to 333 Milligrams Base, Was Not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to KEFLEX... for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  17. 76 FR 82302 - Determination That HYCODAN (Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Homatropine Methylbromide) Tablets, 5...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-30

    ... discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to HYCODAN... Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  18. 78 FR 63228 - Determination That Potassium Citrate, 10 Milliequivalents/Packet and 20 Milliequivalents/Packet...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs... Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  19. 76 FR 51992 - Determination That PENTETATE ZINC TRISODIUM (Zinc Trisodium Diethylenetriaminepentaacetate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-19

    ... have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer... Milligrams Base/Milliliter), Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food... effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  20. APRENDIZAJE, DESARROLLO Y EVALUACIÓN EN CONTEXTOS ESCOLARES: CONSIDERACIONES TEÓRICAS Y PRÁCTICAS DESDE EL ENFOQUE HISTÓRICOCULTURAL (LEARNING, DEVELOPMENT AND ASSESSMENT IN EDUCATIONAL CONTEXTS: THEORETICAL, METHODOLOGICAL ANDA PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS FROM A CULTURAL-HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Arocho Wanda

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este ensayo se analiza la relación entre aprendizaje, desarrollo y evaluación en contextos educativos desde el enfoque históricocultural. Como método de trabajo se ha utilizado el análisis de discurso de las formulaciones teóricas originales del enfoque y una revisión de sus desarrollos actuales en investigaciones e intervenciones psicoeducativas. En el análisis, se identifican y se examinan conceptos centrales de este enfoque, paradójicamente poco discutidos, como es el caso del concepto unidad de análisis. Nuestro estudio revela una estrecha relación entre los procesos de aprendizaje (apropiación y dominio de artefactos y signos culturales, desarrollo (transformaciones en la conciencia y la subjetividad enraizadas en dinámicas históricoculturales y socioinstitucionales, y evaluación (herramienta que puede incidir sobre ambos procesos. Se presentan y discuten algunos ejemplos concretos de prácticas de evaluación que pueden promover el aprendizaje y el desarrollo. Se concluye que, desde el enfoque históricocultural, aprendizaje, desarrollo y evaluación, constituyen una unidad indivisible con serias implicaciones para las prácticas docentes y las investigaciones psicoeducativas. Estas implicaciones obligan a realizar una mirada crítica de las formas tradicionales de pensar y hacer evaluación en contextos educativos.Abstract: This essay analyzes the relationship between learning, development and assessment in educational contexts from a cultural-historical perspective. The methodological approach to analysis includes discourse analysis of the original theoretical formulations and a review of current developments in psychoeducational research and intervention. The analysis identifies and examines central concepts in the cultural-historical perspective, paradoxically not frequently discussed, as is the case with the concept of unit of analysis. Our analysis reveals a close relationship of interdependency between learning processes (appropriation and mastering of cultural artifacts and signs, development (transformations in consciousness and subjectivity rooted in cultural-historical and socio-institutional dynamics, and assessment (tool that could impact both learning and development. Some concrete examples of assessment practices to promote learning and development are presented and discussed. We conclude that from a cultural-historical perspective learning, development and assessment, constitute an indivisible unit with serious implications for teaching practices and psychoeducational evaluations. These implications urge to a critical look at the traditional ways of thinking and doing evaluation in educational contexts.

  1. O direito e suas violações no capitalismo globalizado e seus desdobramentos para democracia e a cidadania (The right and violations in capitalism anda developments globalized its for democracy and citizenship Doi: 10.5212/Emancipacao.v.14i2.0001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosilene Marques Sobrinho de França

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Resumo: Fazendo uma abordagem da temática como contraface de uma mesma moeda: o direito e a sua negação, o artigo com o tema “O direito e suas violações no capitalismo globalizado” examina como os conteúdos do direito e seus contextos violadores se apresentam junto aos indivíduos na sua relação com o Estado e o com o mercado no capitalismo globalizado. Com base em estudo bibliográfico e documental, faz uma abordagem descritiva e analítica fundamentada nas categorias liberdade, participação, discursividade e dialogicidade presentes no pensamento arendtiano - construídos nos espaços de aparência e comum – e habermasiano - no mundo da vida, na sociedade civil e na esfera pública, como pressupostos necessários à legitimidade democrática. Tomando-se como referência a realidade social de crianças e adolescentes, o texto mostra que, na atual fase do capitalismo, as violações aos direitos formam conteúdos e contextos que perpassam uma relação entre o público e o privado, o local e o global o que remete à necessidade do fortalecimento dos mecanismos comunicativos, participativos e dialógicos com vistas à manutenção de um fluxo de circulação de poder, capaz de coadunar-se com os conteúdos da democracia e da cidadania que fundamenta este modelo de Estado e de sociedade. Palavras-chave: Estado capitalista, Globalização, Direito e Cidadania. Abstract: Taking a thematic approach as counterface of the same coin: the law and its denial, the article with the theme “The law and its violations in globalized capitalism” examines how the contents of law violators and their contexts are presented together with the individuals in their relationship with the state and the market in globalized capitalism. Based on bibliographic and documentary is a *descriptive and analytical categories based on freedom, participation, discourse and emphasized the dialogical thinking Arendt - built in appearance and common spaces - and Habermas - the world of life, in society and in the sphere public, as prerequisites to democratic legitimacy. Taking as reference the social reality of children and adolescents, the text shows that, in the current phase of capitalism, violations of rights form contents and contexts that underlie a relationship between public and private, local and global which refers to need for stronger mechanisms communicative, participatory and dialogic in order to maintain a circulation flow of power, able to be consistent with the content of democracy and citizenship that underlies this model of state and society. Keywords: State capitalism, Globalization, Law and Citizenship. Ameeriklased vedasid keelelaagrit / Silvi Kanošina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kanošina, Silvi

    2007-01-01

    Tõstamaa Keskkooli inglise keele õpetaja Anneli Võso kutsel oli California Brentwood Golden Hills Community Church esindus neli päeva Tõstamaal, et anda siinseile noortele võimalus keelt praktiseerida

  2. Sean McCarthy 7. raamprogrammi teemaline koolitus / Meelis Kadaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kadaja, Meelis, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    28. novembril Tallinnas toimunud koolitusest, mille eesmärgiks oli anda juhiseid konkurentsivõimelise projektitaotluse kirjutamiseks Euroopa Liidu seitsmendasse raamprogrammi ja mille viis läbi Sean McCarthy Iirimaalt

  3. Giugiaro Design, Itaalia : silmailu kah...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Kui traktoriehitaja loob uut traktoripõlvkonda, soovib ta sellele ka silmapaistva välimuse anda. Giugiaro Itaalias on kuulus disainistuudio, kes on peale muu kujundanud ka Same-Deutz-Fahri traktoreid

  4. Gordon Browni valitsuslaevuke sõitis karidele / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Briti peaministri Gordon Browni partei kaotas Inglismaa ja Walesi kohalikel valimistel. Autori väitel võis kõige rängema hoobi valitsusele anda madalaima, 10-protsendilise tulumaksumäära kaotamine

  5. Sugar continues to vex Estonia, Latvia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Põllumajandusminister Ester Tuiksoo saatis Euroopa Komisjoni volinikule põllumajanduse alal kirja, milles palus kodumajapidamistes tarvitatava suhkru mahaarvamist koguvarudest. Läti meedia teatas, et Euroopa Komisjon võib anda rohkem aega suhkruvarudest vabanemiseks

  6. Moodsa meditsiini verstapost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    2010. aasta Nobeli auhinna meditsiinis ja füsioloogias otsustas Karolinska instituut anda ainuisikuliselt Briti teadlasele Robert G. Edwardsile kehavälise viljastamise ehk IVFi (in vitro fertilization) kui meetodi väljaarendamise eest

  7. Pärnust otse Brüsselisse / Kersti Liiva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiva, Kersti

    2005-01-01

    Europe Direct on üle-euroopaline Euroopa Komisjoni algatatud infovõrgustik eesmärgiga anda infot Euroopa Liidu institutsioonide, seadusandluse, poliitikate, programmide ja rahastamisvõimaluste kohta. Europe Direct Pärnumaa infopunktist

  8. Majanduskasv jätkub / Kalev Kallemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallemets, Kalev, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Reformierakonna ettepanekutest järgmisteks aastateks - tulumaksu langetamine, laenuvõtmise ergutamine, müüa või anda kasutamiseks erakätesse riigile kuuluvat kinnisvara (sh valitsemiseks mittevajalik maa), ettevõtluse arendamine

  9. Testing of RPMI-1640 as a Nutrient Medium for Fresh Semilunar Valve Storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, truncus arteriosis , transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum and...a method of overcoming severe developmental abnormalities such as ventricular atresia, truncus arteriosis , and Tetrology of Fallot. 3 Experimental

  10. Eesti Energia loovutas Estlinki energiabörsile / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Energia otsustas rentida Estlinki merekaabli välja Soome ja Eesti põhivõrkudele, kellel on omakorda kohustus anda see üle vabaturu kasutusse. Eesti Energia finantsdirektori Margus Kaasiku kommentaar

  11. Ministeeriumi rahastamisel tehti abordivastane portaal / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Abordivastase internetiportaali abort.ee avanud MTÜ-l Miikaeli Ühendus tuleb sotsiaalministeeriumile aru anda, miks avatud portaal ei vasta algselt rahataotluses esitatud põhimõtetele. Vt. samas: MTÜ end katoliiklikuks ei nimeta

  12. President Ilves võõrustas Kanada ministrit Peter Van Loan'i

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kohtus 9. juulil 2010 Ärmal Kanada väliskaubandusministri Peter Van Loan'iga, kes mõjuka parlamendi- ja valitsuspoliitikuna aitas oluliselt kaasa Kanada valitsuse otsusele anda Eesti kodanikele viisavabadus

  13. Kristjan Port kaalub Veerpalu juhtumis kuriteoteate esitamist / Kristjan Pihl, Aet Süvari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Kristjan

    2014-01-01

    Maailma antidopingu agentuuri otsus teha kasvuhormooni proovide piirmäärades vigadeparandus võib anda põhjuse algatada Andrus Veerpalu dopingujuhtumi kohta kriminaalmenetlus. Selgitusi jagab Eesti antidopingu nõukogu liige Kristjan Port

  14. Nobeli preemia majanduse valitsemisstruktuuride uurijatele / Alari Purju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Purju, Alari, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Rootsi Kuninglik Teaduste Akadeemia otsustas 2009. aasta Rootsi Keskpanga Nobeli mälestusauhinna majandusteaduse alal anda USA majandusteadlastele Elinor Ostromile Indiana ülikoolist ja Oliver E. Williamsonile Berkley California ülikoolist

  15. Kohus himustab Sudaani presidenti / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kirminaalkohus otsustas anda välja rahvusvahelise orderi Sudaani presidendi Omar al-Bashir vahistamiseks sõja- ja inimsusevastaste kuritegude eest. Sellekohased arvamused välisajakirjanduses

  16. Keskerakond nurjas tunnustuse okupatsioonimuuseumi rajajale / Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattson, Toomas, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Keskerakond oli Tallinna linnavolikogus vastu Res Publica ettepanekule anda Tallinna teenetemärk väliseestlasele Olga Kistler-Ritsole, kes on annetanud 35 miljonit krooni okupatsioonide muuseumi rajamiseks

  17. Hommikueine Belgradis ja hallitav rukkileib / Anders Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Kunstipoliitikast Eestis ja Belgradis. Aastanäituse Oktoobrisalong (Oktobarski Salon) avamisest Belgradis, kuraator Anda Rottenberg. Rahvusvahelisel näitusel "Kontinental Breakfast" osalesid Ilja Kabakov, Emilia Kabakov, Christian Boltanski, Marina Abramovic, Esra Ersen, Anri Sala, Egle Raukaskaite

  18. Eesti lasteaed - tänavune laureaat / Muusa Ericsson, Silvi Somp, Riina-Maj Larsson-Mänd ; küsitl. Mai Raud-Pähn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ericsson, Muusa

    1996-01-01

    EV 78. aastapäeval, 24. veebruaril 1996 Stockholmi Eesti Majas korraldatud Rootsi Eestlaste Liidu vastuvõtul tehti teatavaks REL Kultuuriauhinna kolleegiumi otsus anda 1996. a. auhind Eesti Lasteaiale

  19. Haruldaste liikide visuaalse loendamise metoodilistest probleemidest keskkonnakorralduses = Methodical problems of species`visual counting in environmental management : I koht bakalaureusetööde kategoorias / Livia Pošlin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pošlin, Livia

    2009-01-01

    Bakalaureusetöö eesmärgiks oli imitatsioonilise matemaatilise modelleerimise meetodeid kasutades anda soovitusi suletud maastikul liikuva väikese arvukusega populatsiooni tiheduse määramise optimaalse strateegia leidmiseks

  1. Kliimateadlastele ja Al Gore'ile läinud Nobel oli oodatud otsus / Liisi Poll, Oliver Tiks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poll, Liisi, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Nobeli preemiat välja andev komitee Oslos otsustas anda Nobeli rahupreemia rahvusvahelisele kliimamuutuste töörühmale ja USA endisele asepresidendile Al Gore'ile. Lisa: Tänavune Nobeli rahupreemia

  2. Rice saabus Euroopat taltsutama / Tõnu Prei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prei, Tõnu, 1950-

    2005-01-01

    USA välisminister Condolezza Rice alustas ringreisi Euroopas, eesmärgiks anda vastulöök USA-d tabanud kriitikale sõjavangide kohtlemise ja teistes riikides oma luuretalituse salavanglate pidamise pärast

  3. Eesti jättis tšetšeeni lapsed viisast ilma / Henrik Roonemaa, Aivi Lindsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Henrik

    2004-01-01

    Programmi Bridges for Education juht J. Beth Ciesielski selgitab Eesti keeldumist anda viisad Tšetšeenia teismelistele, kes pidid tulema Türisalu laagrisse inglise keelt õppima. Riigikogu liikme Andres Herkeli arvamus

  4. MPs question reports of citizenship bribery / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2005-01-01

    Reformierakonna väitel on alusetu seostada rahvastikuminister Paul-Erik Rummo ettepanekut anda teenete eest kodakondsus ärimeestele Sergei Sergejenkovile ja Aleksandr Frolovile ning viimaste soovi ühineda Reformierakonnaga. Mitte-eestlaste osakaal Reformierakonnas

  5. Noorpianist pani "tundmatu" Elleri plaadile / Sten Lassmann ; intervjueerinud Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lassmann, Sten, 1982-

    2011-01-01

    Vestlus pianistiga Londoni Kuninglikus Muusikaakadeemias õppiva pianistiga, tema doktoritööst. Plaadifirma Toccata Classics poolt väljaantavast Heino Elleri klaverimuusika heliplaadist, kavas välja anda seitse heliplaati

  6. Sten Lassmann uurib ja plaadistab Ellerit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Londoni Kuninglikus Muusikaakadeemias õppivast pianistist, tema doktoritööst. Plaadifirma Toccata Classics poolt väljaantavast Heino Elleri klaverimuusika heliplaadist, kavas välja anda seitse heliplaati

  7. Turvalisuse nimel? / Roy Strider

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Strider, Roy, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Autor peab silmas hiljuti avalikustatud plaani anda politseile vabamad käed tänavarahutuste mahasurumisel ja inimeste mobiilikõnede eristuste tegemisel ning kirjutab, et ta kardab seda riiki, kus valitseb totaalne infokogumine

  8. Pereat Iustitia, Fiat Mundus: What is left of the European economic constitution after the Gauweiler litigation? / Christian Joerges

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joerges, Christian

    2016-01-01

    Gauweiler'i kaasusest ja kohtuotsusest, Saksa konstitutsioonikohtust, Euroopa Liidu õiguse rakendamisest, Euroopa Keskpanga õigusest anda rahanduspoliitikale sisu ja Euroopa Keskpanga vahendite kasutamisest majanduskriisis. Kohtute suutmatusest leevendada kriisi õigusnormide rakendamise kaudu

  9. „Miranda v. Arizona” (1966) und die effektive Garantie der Selbstbelastungsfreiheit – zwei Mythen des amerikanischen Verfassungsrechts? / Philipp Wittmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wittmann, Philipp

    2014-01-01

    USA Ülemkohtu lahenditest, mis annavad õiguse keelduda iend süüdistavate ütluste andmisest. Kohtulahendist asjas "Miranda v Arizona" alates on politseil kohustus kinnipeetavatele ja ülekuulatavatele anda teada nende vaikimisõigusest

  10. Bioenergia tootmise majandusmudelid / Katrin Heinsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinsoo, Katrin, 1962-

    2012-01-01

    Euroopa Liidus algatatud projekti "Bioenergia talu arendusplaan" eesmärk on anda talunikele ja väikeettevõtjatele struktuurset ja erapooletut informatsiooni bioenergia ja biokütuste tootmisest ja kasutamisest

  11. Mahepõllumajandus saab parandada Läänemere seisundit / Anne Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luik, Anne, 1949-

    2011-01-01

    BERAS projekti (Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society Implementation) raames on esmatähtis anda edasi teadmisi, kuidas minna põllumajanduses üle ökoloogilisele taaskasutavale tootmisviisile

  12. Oliver Peek loob investeerimisveebilehe / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Rene Ilves uuest investeerimisveebilehest siseinfo.ee. Veebisaidi loojate eesmärk on näidata oma rahapaigutamisloogikat ja anda investoritele ideid, millelt võiks tulu teenida. Lisa: LHV-le ei meeldi blogi nimi

  13. Birma sõjaline kildkond rahvusvahelisse kohtusse / Tunne Kelam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelam, Tunne, 1936-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Linnaleht : Tartu 23. mai 2008, lk. 4. Euroopa Parlamendi saadik kutsub üles avaldama survet Birma valitsejaile, et nad avaksid riigi humanitaarabile seoses looduskatastroofiga, ning arvab, et Birmat valitsev kildkond tuleks anda Haagi rahvusvahelisse kriminaalkohtusse

  14. Kirkilas threatens to quit / Kimberly Kweder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kweder, Kimberly

    2007-01-01

    Leedu peaminister Gediminas Kirkilas ähvardas loobuda ametikohast, kui parlament hääletab seaduseeelnõu poolt, mis lubab välja anda sadade miljonite littide väärtuses maksmata pensione, destabiliseerides riigi majandust

  15. Päästerõngas USA pangandushiiule / Ott Heinapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinapuu, Ott, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide valitsus otsustas anda panganduskontsernile Citigroup lisaks eelmisel kuul antud 25 miljardile dollarile veel 20 miljardit dollarit, kuna kontserni aktsia langes 60 protsendi võrra

  16. Noore looduskaitsja aunimetus Renno Nellisele / ELF

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Eestimaa Looduse Fondi žürii otsustas Noore looduskaitsja auhinna anda Tartu ülikooli ökoloogia ja maateaduste instituudi loomaökoloogia õppetooli looduskaitsebioloogia spetsialistile Renno Nellisele

  17. GPM GROUND VALIDATION NOAA S-BAND PROFILER RAW DATA NETCDF FORMAT MC3E V1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The S-band Profiler Raw dataset was saved in two data formats: netCDF anda proprietary Vaisala SPC format. The numeric values in both formats are exactly the same....

  18. Ukraina president läks tülli ka uue valitsusega / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Ukraina peaminister Julia Tõmoshenko tahab anda riigiettevõtted erakätesse, president Viktor Jushtshenko on selle vastu. Valitsus tahtis tagandada riigivarafondi juhi, nähes temas erastamise pidurdajat, president keeldust teda ametist vabastamist

  19. Achieving Strong Teamwork Practices in Hospital Labor and Delivery Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    it affected various stakeholders. Using standard case-study analysis methods ( Miles and Huberman , 1994; Strauss and Corbin, 1998; Study Design and...a Perioperative Assistant Training Program,” Association of Operating Room Nurses, Vol. 66, No. 5, November 1997, pp. 890–904. Miles , Matthew B., and...A. M. Huberman , Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook, 2nd ed., Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1994. Morey, John C., and Mary

  20. PANDA Grid – a Tool for Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Protopopescu, D; Schwarz, K

    2011-01-01

    PANDA Grid is the computing tool of the P-bar ANDA experiment at FAIR with concerted efforts dedicated to evolving it beyond passive computing infrastructure, into a complete and transparent solution for physics simulation, reconstruction and analysis, a tool right at the fingertips of the physicist. P-bar ANDA's position within the larger FAIR community, synergies with other FAIR experiments and with ALICE-LHC, together with recent progress are reported.

  1. 78 FR 69856 - Determination That BANZEL (Rufinamide) Tablet, 100 Milligrams, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ...] Determination That BANZEL (Rufinamide) Tablet, 100 Milligrams, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety... Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that BANZEL (rufinamide) tablet, 100 milligrams (mg), was not... abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for rufinamide tablet, 100 mg, if all other legal and regulatory...

  2. 76 FR 19997 - Determination That FENTORA (Fentanyl Citrate) Buccal Tablet, 300 Micrograms, Was Not Withdrawn...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ...] Determination That FENTORA (Fentanyl Citrate) Buccal Tablet, 300 Micrograms, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that FENTORA (fentanyl citrate) buccal tablet, 300... allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for fentanyl citrate buccal tablet, 300...

  3. Probes, Surveys, and the Ontology of the Social

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Harry; Evans, Robert

    2017-01-01

    By distinguishing between a survey and--a newly introduced term--a "probe," we recast the relationship between qualitative and quantitative approaches to social science. The difference turns on the "uniformity" of the phenomenon being examined. Uniformity is a fundamental idea underlying all scientific research but is rarely…

  4. Mysterianism about Consciousness and the Trinity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vohánka, Vlastimil

    -, č. 14 (2013), s. 69-90 ISSN 1212-9038 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : mysterianism * the hard problem of consciousness * the logical problem of the Trinity * McGinn * Colin (*1950) * Šanda, Vojtěch (1873–1953) Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  5. Mida usud, seda lõikad / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Autori sõnul on ka keskpäraste töötajatega erakordsete tulemuste saavutamine võimalik: tööandjal tuleb oma ootustest vihjete abil teada anda ning inimesed reageerivad neile oma käitumist vastavalt kohandades

  6. 76 FR 71044 - Determination That TRAVATAN (Travoprost Ophthalmic Solution), 0.004%, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-16

    ...] Determination That TRAVATAN (Travoprost Ophthalmic Solution), 0.004%, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of... Drug Administration (FDA) has determined that TRAVATAN (travoprost ophthalmic solution), 0.004%, was... approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for travoprost ophthalmic solution, 0.004%, if all other...

  7. 75 FR 14592 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waivers Under Section 1605 (Buy American) of the American...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ...). ACTION: Notice of limited waivers. SUMMARY: The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE... process on or before March 31, 2010; (4) in circumstances where the grantee solicited quotes without an... these products has inherently supported the goals of the Recovery Act and--as a popular use of Recovery...

  8. Eesti-Vene kompleks / Jeroen Bult ; tõlk. Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvaheliste sotsiaaluuringute analüütik kirjutab Eesti keeldumisest anda luba Nord Streamile uuringute tegemiseks Eesti majandustsoonis, Eesti, Vene ja Saksa suhetest ja leiab, et uuringuloa andmisega merepõhja uuringuteks oleks Eesti saanud tihendada sidemeid EL-i suurima riigi Saksamaaga

  9. 76 FR 33310 - Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 70 New Drug Applications and 97...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... Promius Pharma, LLC, mononitrate) 200 Somerset Tablets, 20 mg. Corporate Blvd., 7th Floor, Bridgewater, NJ.... Suspension. NDA 050560 Cefizox (ceftizoxime Astellas Pharma US, sodium) Powder for Inc., 3 Parkway Injection... USP, EQ 500 mg (base) and 1 gram (g) (base) Vials. ANDA 063294 Cefizox (ceftizoxime Astellas Pharma US...

  10. 77 FR 43337 - Drugs for Human Use; Drug Efficacy Study Implementation; Certain Prescription Drugs Offered for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... No. 2 Tablets (ANDA 87-572); Ferndale Laboratories, Inc. (now part of Ferndale Pharma Group, Inc...., Inc.; Glaxo SmithKline; Meda Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Ferndale Pharma Group, Inc.; Acura Pharmaceutical... Laboratories, Inc., respectively. On June 2, 2011, Ferndale Pharma Group, Inc., withdrew its hearing request...

  11. Äriühingu juhtorgani liikme hoolsuskohustus / Tuuve Tiivel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Tuuve, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Juhtorgani liikmete hoolsuskohustusest selgitamaks välja selle rikkumise tunnused, mille alusel võib nõuda juhtorgani liikme isikliku tsiviilvastutuse kohaldamist, ning anda hinnang Eesti selle valdkonna kehtivale õiguslikule regulatsioonile võrdleva analüüsi teel teiste riikide õigusega

  12. Praktikandi koolipraktika hindamisest enesehindamiseni / Mart Soobik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soobik, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Püütakse anda vastus küsimusele, millistest põhimõtetest lähtudes ja milliste enesehindamisülesannetega saab koolipraktikal tagada tulevaste õpetajate professionaalseks arenguks vajalikud tingimused. Vaadeldi pedagoogilise koolipraktika hindamist, õpetamistegevuse mõtestamist ja soovitusi praktikandi enesehindamiseks

  13. First experience under the exemption regime of EC Regulation 1228/2003 on Conditions for Access to the Network of Cross-Border Exchanges in Electricity / Kim Talus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talus, Kim

    2005-01-01

    23. aprillil 2005 Euroopa Komisjoni poolt vastu võetud otsusest anda roheline tuli Estlink'i projektile, mis tähendab koostööd Eesti ja Soome elektrivõrkude vahel ; Euroopa Komisjon võttis aluseks regulatsiooni nr. 1228/2003 artikli 7

  14. Arvo Pärt jagab preemia koolidele / Rebekka Lotman, Eva Kübar ; kommenteerinud Arvo Pärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Rebekka, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Kultuuriministeerium tegi ettepaneku anda Arvo Pärdile elutööpreemia, millega kaasneva rahasumma lubas Pärt kinkida Rakvere ja Paide muusikakoolile. Elutööpreemiad saavad veel Ellen Niit ja Aarne Üksküla

  15. Adamkus encouraged to grant citizenship to U.S. basketball player

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Kuigi uus Leedu kodakondsusseaduse muudatus lubab anda Leedu koondises mängivatele välismaa tippsportlastele Leedu kodakondsuse, lükkas president Valdas Adamkus USA korvpalluri Kathryn Douglas'e kodakondsustaotluse tagasi. Sama ka: Adamkus denies U.S. basketball star citizenship//The Baltic Times 2006, 24-30 aug., lk 4

  16. Taking a stroll through the shelves of the History of Estonian Thought / Paavo Matsin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsin, Paavo, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Raamatusarjast "Eesti mõttelugu" (kirj. Ilmamaa). Pikemalt on tutvustatud Uku Masingu artiklikogumikke "Pessimismi põhjendus" (1995) ja "Meil on lootust" (1998), Haljand Udami "Orienditeekonda" (2001) ja Vaino Vahingu "Vaimuhaiguse müüti" (2005). Autor soovitab "Eesti mõtteloo" sarjas välja anda Gunnar Aarma artiklikogumik

  17. "Keisri hull" pürib taas filmiks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filmi Sihtasutus otsustas anda arendustoetust mängufilmidele "Keisri hull" (režissöör Peeter Simm, arendaja Lege Artis Film), "Rahad ette" (režissöör Jaak Kilmi, arendaja Eetriüksus), "Öölendurid" (režissöör Peeter Urbla, arendaja Exitfilm)

  18. Vineerist prillide valmistamine / Karl Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Karl

    2011-01-01

    Töö eesmärgiks oli anda ülevaade puidust ergonoomiliste prillide valmistamisest kolmele konkreetsele isikule alates visandite kujundamisest kuni praktilise teostuseni. Käsitletakse prillide ajalugu, erinevaid raamitüüpe, erialast terminoloogiat ning kirjeldatakse põhjalikult prillide valmistamise protsessi

  19. Noore teadlase preemia saab Jaan Raik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Vabariigi presidendi kultuurirahastu nõukogu otsustas tänavuse noore teadlase preemia anda Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli vanemteadurile, tehnikateaduste doktor Jaan Raik'ile. Ilmunud ka Pärnu Postimees, 2004/Dec/1, lk. 6 ; Mente et Manu, 2004/Dec/15, lk. 1

  20. Design of an Integrated Division-Level Battle Simulation for Research, Development, and Training. Volume 2. Detailed Design Notes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    Factors 3. Analysis a. Government Functions (1) Civil Government (2) Public Safety (3) Public Health (4) Labor b. Economic Functions (1) Commerce and...A) I USAEC. Ft Monmouth, ATTN. C. Fact Des, St IHODA (DAVE HRE) I USA Materials Sys Arial Agcv, Aberdeent. ATTN AMXSY F 1 HODA (DAVE MPU U) 1 Edgewood

  1. Märjamaa volikogu tahab vabaneda kantseleist / Kaire Kozlov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozlov, Kaire

    2006-01-01

    Märjamaa vallavolikogu kaalub võimalust likvideerida volikogu kantselei ning anda seadusandliku võimu tehniline teenindamine täitevvõimu kätte. Arvamust avaldab Eesti Linnade Liidu tegevdirektor, Rapla vallavolikogu liige Jüri Võigemast

  2. Katastroofide järel heldelt lubatud abi pole alati kohale jõudnud / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    ÜRO peasekretär Kofi Annan kutsus üles täitma lubadusi anda abi Lõuna-Aasia tsunamis kannatanud riikidele. Artiklis tuuakse näiteid juhtumite kohta, kus looduskatastroofi järel on riikide abi jäänud lubatust väiksemaks

  3. Kõige tähtsam kõigepealt. Manifest 2000

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Manifest, mis pärast üheaegset ilmumist disainiajakirjades Blueprint, AIGA Journal, Item, Eye, Form ja Emigre on kogu maailmas elevust tekitanud. Kas disaineri ülim tegevusala on reklaam? Kas reklaamiinimene peaks tajuma ühiskonda ka väljaspool turundussõnumeid? Manifestile võib anda allkirju lisatud internetiaadressil

  4. 76 FR 54473 - Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ... (formerly Docket No. 00D-0892)] Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-- Content and... the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``PET Drug Applications--Content and Format for... guidance for industry entitled ``PET Drug Applications--Content and Format for NDAs and ANDAs.'' The...

  5. Riskantne 21. sajandi äri / Isabel Frommelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Frommelt, Isabel

    2004-01-01

    Artiklis otsitakse vastust küsimustele, kuidas ettevõtted saaksid anda panuse julgeoleku suurendamisse, eriti seoses terrorismiohu vähendamisega ja kas äritegevus toimib endiselt tavapäraselt või on see nüüd riskantsem

  6. 75 FR 42455 - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 27 New Drug Applications and 58...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... Endo Pharmaceuticals NDA 17-255 MPI DTPA Chelate multidose (kit for Medi-Physics, Inc., d/b/a GE... 7.5 mg/750 mg ANDA 40-312 Innofem (estradiol tablets USP), 0.5 Novo Nordisk, Inc., 100 College Rd... Ranbaxy, Inc., U.S. Agent for Ranbaxy Tablets, 1,000 mg Laboratories Limited, 600 College Rd. East...

  7. Anna Politkovskaja mälestus Euroopas / Marianne Mikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikko, Marianne, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 11; Põhjarannik, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Severnoje Poberezhje, 18. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Sakala, 21. sept. 2007, lk. 2. Euroopa Parlamendi saadik toetas ideed anda Euroopa Parlamendi pressiruumile Anna Politkovskaja nimi, sellega antakse Venemaale ka teada, mida europarlament arvab Vene võimude tegevusest Tšetšeenias

  8. Parlamendiliikmete immuniteedi põhimõtte rakendamine kriminaalmenetluses [Võrguteavik] / Kätlin-Chris Kruusmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruusmaa, Kätlin-Chris

    2017-01-01

    Analüüsitakse põhiseaduse §-st 76 tulenevat saadikupuutumatuse põhimõtet, püütakse anda vastus küsimusele, kuidas see regulatsioon mõjutab/takistab korruptsiooni- ja teiste latentsete kuritegude uurimist

  9. Uudiseid presidendi kantseleist

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Lühisõnumid president Arnold Rüütli kaastundeavaldusest USA presidendile George Walker Bushile seoses orkaani Katrina poolt tekitatud kahjudega, otsusest anda I klassi Maarjamaa Rist Läti Vabariigi suursaadikule Eestis aastatel 2002-2005 Edgars Skujale, kohtumisest Euroopa Liidu Regioonide Komitee presidendi Peter Straub'iga

  10. 26. IX sai Kumus kokku Euroopa Nõukogu juurde kuuluv Euroopa Näituse nõukogu / Sirje Helme ; interv. R[eet] V[arblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Sirje, 1949-

    2007-01-01

    Kumus toimunud Euroopa Näituse seminarist, mille eesmärgiks oli näituse "Kunst pärast aastat 1945" kontseptsiooni, sisu jm. väljatöötamine. Seminaril osalesid Piotr Piotrowski, Lazlo Beke, Monika Flacke, Sarah Wilson, Anda Rottenberg, Viktor Misiano jt. Seminari Kumus korraldamise põhjustest, mida seminari Eestis läbiviimine meile annab

  11. 75 FR 33311 - Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... available recommendations on how to design product-specific BE studies to support ANDAs. Under this process... thinking on a new process for making available to sponsors FDA guidance on how to design product-specific... ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products.'' This guidance describes a new process for making...

  12. Nobeli rahupreemia favoriidiks püütakse suruda Al Goreþi / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2007-01-01

    USA endise asepresidendi Al Goreþi valimise nimel järgmiseks Nobeli rahupreemia laureaadiks tehakse aktiivset lobitööd. Norra Nobeli instituudi direktori Geir Lundestadi hinnangul võib lobitöö anda aga hoopis tagasilöögi. Internetis väljapakutud kandidaatidest

  13. Baltic universities build on EuroFaculty's foundations / Gustav Kristensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kristensen, Gustav

    2005-01-01

    Balti Nõukogu eestvedamisel EuroFaculty programmi raames on pärast taasiseseisvumist Balti riikide ülikoolides asutatud Euroteaduskondi. 13 aastat kestnud programmi eesmärgiks oli valmistada riike ette Euroopa Liiduga liitumiseks ja anda majandus-, poliitika- ja õigusalast haridus

  14. "Die Nato hat einen grossen Fehler begangen" / Toomas Hendrik Ilves ; interv. Ansgar Graw

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti president räägib sõjalistest kokkupõrgetest Gruusias, vajadusest uue rahvusvahelise julgeolekustruktuuri järele, ootustest rahvusvahelise üldsuse suhtes, Balti riikide julgeolekust ning kritiseerib NATO otsust mitte anda Gruusiale NATO liikmelisuse tegevuskava

  15. 76 FR 6143 - Draft Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ...; formerly Docket No. 00D-0892] Draft Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications--Content and... Applications for Certain Positron Emission Tomography Drug Products; Availability,'' issued on March 10, 2000... and ANDAs.'' The draft guidance is intended to assist manufacturers of certain positron emission...

  16. Magnum seljatas Tamro kasvuga / Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Sten-Aleks

    2007-01-01

    Ravimite hulgimüüja Magnum Medical ületas käibe kasvult turuliidrit Tamro Eesti OÜ-d, siiski ei kavatse viimane Magnumile liidripositsiooni ära anda. Diagramm: Tamrol ja Magnumil pea võrdne turuosa. Tabel: Magnumil kasvas käive rohkem kui Tamrol. Lisa: Number

  17. Ajakiri LibeRaal Tartine esitleb uut numbrit / Marju Himma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Himma, Marju

    2009-01-01

    Esitletakse Tartu Kultuuritehase liberaalset kultuuriajakirja LibeRaal Tartine, mis on tasuta leitav nii internetist kui ka 200-eksemplaris trükitult. Selle väljaandmiseks on programm Euroopa Noored andnud 75 000 krooni. Ajakirja plaanitakse välja anda maikuu lõpuni. Veebiaadress http://web.zone.ee/LibeRaalTartine/

  18. Boliivia president lubab seista vastu USA ülemvõimule / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Boliivia uus president Evo Morales hoiatas USA-d püüdluste eest Ladina-Ameerika üle domineerida ning tõotas anda Boliivia juhtimise selle põlisasukate kätte. Moralese siht on lõpetada kokaväljade hävitamine ja dekriminaliseerida kokakasvatus. Lisa: Ladina-Ameerika kaldub vasakule

  19. Report to Congress on Arctic Operations and the Northwest Passage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    t]he ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes provide jobs, food, energy resources, ecological services, recreation, and tourism opportunities, and...a high degree of expensive prefabricated construction. During ice-free periods, the most economical means of transportation is by barge. During

  20. 78 FR 6823 - Determination That DIFFERIN (Adapalene) Solution, 0.1%, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to DIFFERIN... Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated...

  1. 78 FR 63228 - Determination That PARAFLEX (Chlorzoxazone) Tablets, 250 Milligrams, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs... Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA...

  2. 76 FR 11487 - Determination That NILSTAT (Nystatin Powder (Oral, 100%)) Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that... Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug...

  3. 75 FR 10805 - Determination That DOVONEX (Calcipotriene) Ointment, 0.005%, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to DOVONEX (calcipotriene... From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... (calcipotriene) Ointment, 0.005%, was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This...

  4. 77 FR 41411 - Determination That TOPOTECAN INJECTION (Topotecan Hydrochloride) 1 Milligram (Base)/1 Milliliter...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to TOPOTECAN INJECTION (topotecan... or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and... reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug...

  5. 75 FR 61503 - Determination That AZDONE (Hydrocodone Bitartrate and Aspirin) Tablet, 5 Milligrams/500...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to AZDONE (hydrocodone bitartrate... Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications...

  6. 75 FR 69088 - Determination That Amphetamine Sulfate, 5 and 10 Milligram Tablets, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs... Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and... not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to...

  7. 76 FR 37129 - Determination That SODIUM FLUORIDE F 18 (Sodium Fluoride F-18) Injection, 10 to 200 Millicuries...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that..., Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug... withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve...

  8. 76 FR 75886 - Determination That DEMULEN 1/50-28 (Ethinyl Estradiol; Ethynodiol Diacetate) Tablet and Four...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. Approved ANDAs that refer to the NDAs listed in... Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug... effectiveness. This determination means that FDA will not begin procedures to withdraw approval of abbreviated...

  9. 75 FR 11549 - Determination That PRO-BANTHINE (Propantheline Bromide) Tablets and 14 Other Drug Products Were...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. Approved ANDAs that refer to the NDAs listed in... From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... in this document were not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This...

  10. 77 FR 23269 - Determination That FUNDUSCEIN-25 (fluorescein sodium injection), 25%, and AK-FLUOR (fluorescein...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to FUNDUSCEIN-25 (fluorescein...), 25%, Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug... withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve...

  11. 76 FR 28045 - Determination That XIBROM (Bromfenac Ophthalmic Solution) 0.09% Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to XIBROM (bromfenac ophthalmic... Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and... withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve...

  12. 78 FR 35038 - Determination That CORDRAN (Flurandrenolide) Ointment USP, 0.025% and 0.05%, Were Not Withdrawn...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to... Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The...% and 0.05%, were not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination...

  13. 78 FR 40484 - Determination That METADATE ER (Methylphenidate Hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablet, 10...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to METADATE ER (methylphenidate... Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications...

  14. 77 FR 14810 - Determination That DURANEST (Etidocaine Hydrochloride) Injection, 0.5%, and Five Other DURANEST...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to any of the DURANEST drug... Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug... reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug...

  15. 78 FR 47321 - Determination That CYTOXAN (Cyclophosphamide) for Injection Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to CYTOXAN (cyclophosphamide) for... Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated...

  16. 77 FR 53892 - Determination That ALOXI (Palonosetron Hydrochloride) Capsules, 0.5 Milligram (Base), Were Not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to ALOXI... Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice...)) Capsules, 0.5 milligram (mg) (base), were not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness...

  17. 77 FR 7581 - Determination That KAPVAY (Clonidine Hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablets, 0.2 Milligram, Was...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to KAPVAY (clonidine... From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications...

  18. 77 FR 7583 - Determination That WILPO (phentermine hydrochloride) Tablets, 8 Milligrams, Was Not Withdrawn...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to WILPO... Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Milligrams (mg), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will...

  19. 77 FR 16036 - Determination That CITANEST (Prilocaine Hydrochloride) Injection, 1%, 2%, and 3%, and CITANEST...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to CITANEST (prilocaine HCl... Hydrochloride) Injection, 4%, Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food... (prilocaine HCl) Injection, 4%, were not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This...

  20. 76 FR 72950 - Determination That TAXOTERE (Docetaxel) Injection, 40 Milligrams/Milliliter Was Not Withdrawn...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to TAXOTERE (docetaxel) Injection... Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The.../milliliter (mg/mL), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination...

  1. 77 FR 25720 - Determination That GRIFULVIN V (Griseofulvin Microcrystalline) Tablets, 250 Milligrams, Was Not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    ... been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to... Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... microcrystalline) tablets, 250 milligrams (mg), was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness...

  2. 76 FR 11790 - Drugs for Human Use; Drug Efficacy Study Implementation; Oral Prescription Drugs Offered for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    ... subject of an approved new drug application (NDA) or abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) (other than... 23, 1983, notice, the manufacturer had submitted supplemental applications proposing to reformulate... Laboratories, a subsidiary of Elan Corp., PLC, 800 Gateway Blvd., South San Francisco, CA 94080; Copley...

  3. Tallinn soovib linnahalli Ameerika investoritega ikka edasi minna / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna linnavalitsus ootab enne otsustamist, kas pikendada Tallinna linnahalli arendamiseks sõlmitud eellepingut Ameerika ettevõttega Tallinn Entertainment LLC, Ameerika investorite delegatsiooni visiiti Tallinna. Rahandusminister Jürgen Ligi vastusest Tallinna abilinnapea Taavi Aasa kirjale, milles oli ettepanek kaaluda võimalust anda riigi garantii linnahalli arendamise projektile

  4. Dynamic Information Networks: Geometry, Topology and Statistical Learning for the Articulation of Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-23

    T. Bates, S. Brocklebank, S. Pauls, and D.Rockmore, A spectral clustering approach to the structure of personality: contrasting the FFM and...A spectral clustering approach to the structure of personality: contrasting the FFM and HEXACO models, Journal of Research in Personality, Volume 57

  5. Muid võimalusi ei ole! / Kristina Norman, Marco Laimre ; intervjueerinud Elena Šmakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Norman, Kristina, 1979-

    2009-01-01

    53. Veneetsia biennaalil "Making Worlds" ("Konstrueerides maailmu") Eestit esindavast Kristina Normani Tõnismäe pronkssõduri monumenti käsitlevast kunstiprojektist "After-War" ("Järelsõda"). Projekti kuraator Marco Laimre. Eesti ekspositsioon on avatud Palazzo Malipieros 6. juunist 22. novembrini. Biennaali nõukogu otsustas anda suured Kuldsed Lõvid elutöö eest Yoko Onole ja John Baldessarile

  6. Pikaealisuse piirkonnad ehk nn Blue Zone'id / Anne Herm, Michel Poulain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herm, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Käimasolevate uuringutega loodetakse paremini mõista looduskeskkonna ja toitumisega seotud tegurite rolli pikaealisuse kujunemisel. Uurimistöö võib anda väärtusliku panuse tervena vananemise mudeli väljatöötamisele

  7. Eesti keele käändevormide moodustamise ja kasutamisega seotud probleeme vene üliõpilaste kirjalikes töödes / Ingrid Krall

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krall, Ingrid

    2008-01-01

    Artikli eesmärk on anda ülevaade teise või võõrkeele õpetamist ja õppimist mõjutavatest teguritest, vigade põhjustest ja klassifitseerimisvõimalustest, käändvormide moodustamise ja kasutamise vigadest, korduvate vigade ennetamisest ja vältimisest

  8. Välisriigis sõlmitud samasooliste abielu ja kooselu tunnustamine Eestis / Kätlin Jaadla, Maarja Torga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaadla, Kätlin, 1988-

    2013-01-01

    Kas kehtivat Eesti rahvusvahelise eraõiguse regulatsiooni arvestades oleks Eestis võimalik anda õiguskaitset välisriigis sõlmitud samasooliste ühendustele ning millised oleksid võimalikud lahendusvariandid sellistest ühendustest tulenevate nõuete kvalifitseerimisel

  9. De la risa y la sonrisa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Cortés Ahumada

    1963-01-01

    Full Text Available Nada anda tan incierto en el juicio de las gentes como lo que pretende ser más cierto. Obsérvese, por ejemplo, la seguridad, la certeza casi religiosa con que se habla de cuanto al hombre se refiere: inteligencia, lógica, memoria, intuición, sentimiento, risa, sonrisa, etc.

  10. William Shakespeare byl barovým pianistou : Věcná poezie Michala Šandy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Piorecký, Karel

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 5 (2008), s. 8-9 ISSN 0862-657X R&D Projects: GA ČR GD405/05/H526 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90560517 Keywords : Czech Poetry * Šanda, Michal Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  11. 76 FR 75551 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals.'' This draft guidance provides applicants of new drug applications (NDAs) and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) with the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's (CDER's) current thinking on the appropriate classification of co-crystal solid-state forms. This draft...

  12. Timothy Garton Ash: Euroopas ei tohi olla "mälupoliitikaid" / Timothy Garton Ash ; intervjueerinud Andrei Hvostov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garton Ash, Timothy, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Briti ajaloolane, politoloog ja kolumnist vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ajaloo ümberkirjutamist, EL-i välispoliitika kujundamist, Saksamaa katset anda väikeste lastega vanematele hääletamisel lisajõudu, samuti kapitalismi ja sotsialismi, natsismi ja kommunismi

  13. Konrad Mäe preemia Erki Kasemetsale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Konrad Mäe medal ja preemia (25000 kr.) otsustati anda Erki Kasemetsale igapäevase pöördumise eest maalikunsti poole elukestvas teoses "Life-file", mis defineerib maalikunsti kui work-in-progressi. Preemiat ja medalit annavad välja EKL, EML ja Eesti Kultuurikapitali kujutava ja rakenduskunsti sihtkapital

  14. Timing of Surgery and Rehabilitation to Optimize Outcome for Patients with Multiple Ligament Knee Injuries: A Multicenter Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    contracture. Suboptimal outcomes for treatment of MLKIs include persistent pain , stiffness, residual instability and laxity, loss of motion and...a complete grade III injury of 2 or more ligaments) without a history of prior knee ligament reconstruction that do not have associated poly -trauma

  15. Ekspert : ELi ühine välisminister tähendaks ka ühtsemat idapoliitikat / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Poliitikauuringute Keskuse teadlase Michael Emersoni sõnul aitaks plaan anda EL-i ühise välisministri portfell senisele välispoliitika koordineerijale Javier Solanale tasakaalustada EL-i liikmesriikide ja eri institutsioonide huve. EL-i idasuunaline tegevus peaks tema sõnul olema julgem

  16. Õiguskantsleri pädevus Riigikogu liikme immuniteedimenetluses. Juhtumianalüüs / Juhan Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Juhan

    2012-01-01

    8. oktoobril 2012. a keeldus õiguskantsler Indrek Teder tegemast Riigikogule põhiseaduse § 76 teises lauses ja kriminaalmenetluse seadustiku § 378 lõikes 1 ettepanekut anda nõusolek Riigikogu liikmete Priit Toobali ja Lauri Laasi kriminaalvastutusele võtmiseks. Õiguskantsleri pädevusest ja taotluse tagastamise õiguslikust tähendusest

  17. Riigikogu liikme puutumatus / Hent Kalmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmo, Hent, 1979-

    2012-01-01

    Saadikupuutumatuse ajaloolisest taustast, õiguslikust iseloomust, materiaalsest ulatusesest ning puutumatuse äravõtmisest. Õiguskantsleri 8. oktoobri 2012. a otsusest, milles ta keeldus tegemast Riigikogule ettepanekut anda nõusolek Riigikogu liikmete Priit Toobali ja Lauri Laasi kriminaalvastutusele võtmiseks

  18. Lionsi asepresident kiitis Eesti "lõvisid" / Marika Milve

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Milve, Marika, 1968-

    1995-01-01

    Lions klubi Eestis. Vt. ka Meie Maa "Lionsite maailma-assotsiatsiooni teine asepresident Augustino Solivo külastas Saaremaad" 8- juuni, lk. 1, Oma Saar "Augustino Soliva: tavaliselt oskavad inimesed võtta, kuid ei oska anda" 7. juuni, lk. 3

  19. Kas Venemaa ülemrabil on õigus?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 20. juuli 2004, lk. 2. Venemaa ülemrabi Berl Lazar pöördus Euroopa Komisjoni presidendi Romano Prodi poole üleskutsega anda hinnang Eesti võimude tegevusele, mis rabi meelest soosib kohalikke natse. Küsimusele vastab Ida-Viru juudi kogukonna juht Aleksandr Dusman

  20. Riik võib sundida ühe raudteefirma lahkuma / Tanel Mazur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mazur, Tanel, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. ka: Narva Postiljon 12. juuli lk. 2. Valitsuse plaan osta lähiaastail 36 uut reisirongi ning anda nendega opereerimine ühele firmale sunniks turult lahkuma kas Edelaraudtee või Elektriraudtee. Lisa: Riik otsib Edelaraudteega üksmeelt

  1. Uusi võimalusi pakkuv kasulik bakter / Villu Päärt, Siim Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päärt, Villu, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Äsja võitis Lactobacillus fermentum ME-3 avastaja Tartu Ülikooli professor Marika Mikelsaar koos kolleegidega Soulis ülemaailmsel naisleiutajate konkursil kuldmedali. Bakterite omaduste uurimine jätkub. Marika Mikelsaare juhtimisel katsetati kõhutüüfusesse nakatatud hiirte peal, millist mõju avaldab see, kui antibiootikumi ravi ajal anda hiirtele ka ME-3 sisaldavat probiootikumi

  2. Teenusestandardid kasvatavad kliendi usaldust / Kate-Riin Kont

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kont, Kate-Riin, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    16.-18. oktoobril 2007 toimus Tallinnas CHESS Initiativeþi world café seminar. Euroopa Standardikomitee teenuste horisontaalse standardimise strateegia ehk CHESS Initiative on loodud selleks, et anda hinnang teenuste standardimise teostatavusele. Euroopa Standardikomitee teenuste horisontaalse standardimise programmist (CHESS Initiative) ja selle raames korraldatavatest world café seminaridest, teenusestandardite vajalikkusest, teenuse osutamise ohuriskidest, kaebuste käsitlemisest

  3. Kammerkoor salvestab uue Arvo Pärdi plaadi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Plaadifirma Harmonia Mundi kavatseb 2006. a. märtsis välja anda heliplaadi Arvo Pärdi teostega "Dopo la vittoria", "Miserere", "Salve Regina", "Nunc dimittis" ja "Littlemore Tractus" (esitajateks Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor Paul Hillier'i juhatusel)

  4. 75 FR 24710 - Determination That BREVIBLOC (Esmolol Hydrochloride) Injection, 250 Milligrams/Milliliter, 10...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... Equivalence Evaluations,'' which is generally known as the ``Orange Book.'' Under FDA regulations, drugs are... the product in a typical practice setting) are necessary before this product could be considered for... in the Orange Book. FDA will not accept or approve ANDAs that refer to BREVIBLOC (esmolol HCl...

  5. Productivity, the Malmquist index and the empirical study of banks in Estonia / Ly Kirikal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirikal, Ly

    2005-01-01

    Pankade tegevus hõlmab mitmeid sisendeid ja väljundeid ning lihtne tulu-kuluanalüüs ei pruugi alati anda piisavat tulemust muutuste hindamiseks. Tootlikkus ja Malmquisti indeks Eesti pankade näitel. Tabelid. Skeem. Graafikud

  6. Igor Gräzin predlagajet suditsja s glavoi PASE

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogu liige Igor Gräzin arvab, et Eesti võiks kaaluda võimalust anda kohtusse ENPA president Rene van der Linden, kes on laimanud Eesti riiki. Riigikogu esimehe Ene Ergma kirjast ENPA presidendile Rene van Lindenile ja tema vastusest

  7. Rakveres näeb uut teatrit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Rakvere Teatris esineb 8. ja 9. aug. rahvusvaheline performance'i trupp Insightout Company, kus teeb kaasa ka Mari Mägi. Lavastus kannab pealkirja "Ära anda tulevik" ja see on inspireeritud trupi liikmete mälupiltidest ja I. Allende romaanist "Paula"

  8. Teater annab ära tuleviku / Inna Grünfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grünfeldt, Inna, 1961-

    2003-01-01

    Rakvere Teatris esineb 8. ja 9. aug. rahvusvaheline performance'i trupp Insightout Company, kus teeb kaasa ka Mari Mägi. Lavastus kannab pealkirja "Ära anda tulevik" ja see on inspireeritud trupi liikmete mälupiltidest ja I. Allende romaanist "Paula"

  9. Vilnius court approves extradition of Yukos-related banker / Milda Seputyte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seputyte, Milda

    2005-01-01

    Vilniuse ringkonnakohus otsutas Venemaale välja anda Igor Babenko, kes oli Jukose tütarettevõtte Menatep St. Peterburg Bank'i juht. Venemaa süüdistab Babenkot panga juhtimise ajal 333 miljoni rubla omastamises. Babenko arvates on Leedu võimud temast huvitatud seotuse tõttu Jukosega

  10. India: talunikud tehaste vastu / Mehui Srivastava

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Srivastava, Mehui

    2008-01-01

    Töökohtade loomiseks ning India aeglustuva majanduskasvu turgutamiseks tahab valitsus anda hoogu tööstusrevolutsioonile. Oludes, kus maast sõltub 700 miljoni inimese elatis, on raske leida ruumi autotehastele, terasetöötlejatele ja eksporttoodangu koosteliinidele

  11. Linna loomine. Raadi piirkonna workshop = Creation of the city. Raadi district workshop / Madli Maruste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maruste, Madli

    2007-01-01

    8. XI 2006 Raadimõisa hotellis toimunud rahvusvahelisest workshop'ist, mille eesmärgiks oli anda spetsialistide poolsed juhtnöörid Raadi lennuvälja ümbritseval maa-alal linnastruktuuri väljaarendamiseks. Heiki Kalbergi kommentaar

  12. Ameerika kirjastus käis Eestis talente otsimas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    31. jaanuarist 3. veebruarini viibisid Tallinnas USA tõlkekirjastuse Dalkey Archive Pressi esindajad, et välja anda eesti kirjanduse tõlkeid. Kirjastus annab välja ka Euroopa lühiproosat koondavat kogumikku "Best of new European fiction anthology", mille esimeses numbris ilmus Elo Viidingu, teises Toomas Vindi jutustus

  13. Palju nalja käigu pealt / Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudla, Heiki, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Kanal 2 meelelahutussaatest "Jumal tänatud, et sa siin oled!" (saatejuht Andrus Vaarik) kui näitest, kuidas improviseeritud sketshid võivad anda parema tulemuse nii kutselistel kui "isehakanud" näitlejatel kui kindla tekstiga huumorisaade

  14. Kes teid toidab, kui olete üle 60? / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa elanikkond võib vaatamata sellele, et inimesed elavad kauem, aastaks 2050 väheneda praeguselt 455 miljonilt 430 miljonile. Paindlik pensionileminek aitaks tõrjuda vanurite sotsiaalset marginaliseerumist, anda üle aastakümnetepikkusi kogemusi ning valmistada ettevõtteid ette põlvkondade vahetuseks. Lisad: Pensionäride ülalpidamine kallineb; Elatustase; Vanadus; Mitte ainult raha...

  15. 76 FR 26305 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Certification To...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... to satisfy the previously mentioned statutory requirement. The importance of obtaining these data.... Marketing Applications/Submissions In 2010, CDER and CBER received 165 new drug applications (NDA... ANDA marketing applications and submissions. It is assumed that the sponsor/applicant/submitter has...

  16. Kas Tallinn vajab uut brändi? / Andreas Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sepp, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas viibinud saksa loomemajanduse õppejõudude Bernd Hartmanni ja Jan Runge sõnul on kultuuripealinna aasta hea võimalus linnakuvandi parandamiseks. Nende arvates võiks Tallinn kultuuripealinna raames anda noortele disaineritele ja filmitegijatele loomingu eksponeerimiseks piisavalt võimalusi ning keskenduda kohaliku kultuurielu parandamisele

  17. Pri delezhke Tsheburashki mehh letit po storonam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Vene ärimees ostab ameerika kompaniilt Films by Jove kollektsiooni nõukogude multifilmide (547 filmi) levitamisõigused, et anda need üle loodavale laste telekanalile Venemaal. Lähemalt laste multifilmide lemmikkangelasest Tsheburashkast, mille loojaks kirjanik Eduard Uspenski

  18. Annely Peebo kutsus presidendi kontserdile / Maria Ulfsak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulfsak, Maria, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    Laulja Anneli Peebo kohtus president Arnold Rüütliga, et anda üle kutse Andrea Bocelli ja Annely Peebo ühiskontserdile. Vt. samas: Andrea Bocelli ja Annely Peebo kontsert Tallinna lauluväljakul 23. augustil; Andrea Bocelli

  19. A Survey of Fastening Techniques for Shipbuilding

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-09-01

    40, to temperature by Neoprene aluminum. moisture ab - rubber bondled Also alum- sorption, to 20124-n3 ilum to aluminum aluminum. 301.6 lbs/in ®~ x...n.applicantionrs ahr-lar high aluu g Epox resina strenrgthr in requaired. raeadeig. Boaaodtraas m etnals. alarslics, as ara al glnass anda fiber

  20. CTC Sentinel, Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    off digital media more gener- ally. But it’s changing all the time. New apps, new encryption. CTC: Are you calling here in the UK, like the FBI and...as 30 million people across West and Central Africa. Although the Peul are known as nomadic herders, they in fact comprise a heterogeneous group

  1. Solid Layer Thermal-conductivity Measurement Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    deposited on the sample, and the absorption of laser radiation. Temperature-measurement tools include thermocouples, infrared (IR) pyrometers , and...A, Nishimura H, and Sawada T (1990), Laser-Induc~d Surface Acoustic Waves and Photothc:rmal Surfitce Gratings Generated by Crossing Two Pulsed

  2. A Comprehensive Study of the Tocks Island Lake Project and Alternatives. Part A. Chapters I, II, III. Analysis of Service Areas and Resource Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-01

    stream or river and relies on water from these sources for subsistence. Species of riparian vegetation include River Birch, American Elm , Sycamore and...a "drought." The concept of drought as discussed earlier, is an elusive and slippery concept; thus it is not appropriate to argue about whether this

  3. 76 FR 6144 - Positron Emission Tomography; Notice of Public Meeting; Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... Administration (FDA) is announcing a public meeting to assist applicants in preparing new drug applications (NDAs) or abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for fludeoxyglucose (FDG) 18 injection, ammonia N 13... ammonia N 13 injection can be considered safe and effective for the indications noted previously, although...

  4. Karistusõiguse suund - ülekriminaliseerimine? / Timo Reinthal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinthal, Timo, 1981-

    2010-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb Riigikohtus valminud ülekriminaliseerimise analüüsil. Eesti süüteoõiguses esinevatest tendentsidest eesmärgiga anda hinnang karistusõiguse rollile õiguspärase käitumise tagamisel ning kohtupraktikale

  5. Kõik pole võimelised sõltuvust tajuma / Jüri Ratas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogu aseesimees on seisukohal, et Eestis on liiga palju hasartmängukohti ja selles ollakse üliliberaalsed. Ta andis Riigikogu keskfraktsiooni nimel menetlusse hasartmänguseaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõu, millega soovitakse anda kohalikele omavalitsustele senisest rohkem õigusi lubade väljaandmisel ja mängupiirkondade kujundamisel

  6. SERO-DIAGNOSIS OF TUBERCULOSIS WITH A60 ANTIGEN ENZYME-LINKED-IMMUNOSORBENT-ASSAY - FAILURE IN HIV-INFECTED INDIVIDUALS IN GHANA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERWERF, TS; DAS, PK; VANSOOLINGEN, D; YONG, S; VANDERMARK, TW

    In order to assess the diagnostic usefulness of the A60 (ANDA Biologicals, Strassbourg, France) sero-diagnostic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit for tuberculosis in Africa, sera of 53 pulmonary smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) patients, 30 apparently healthy control subjects and 6 AIDS

  7. Politseiskaja operatsija i stihhiinoje vozmushtshenije / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Autor leiab, et 26. ja 27. aprilli sündmustele 2007. aastal ja politseioperatsioonidele selle käigus on veel vara lõplikku hinnangut anda, kuid loodab, et ühtne seisukoht selles küsimuses siiski välja töötatakse

  8. 76 FR 53908 - Determination That OPANA ER (Oxymorphone Hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablets, 7.5 Milligrams...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... proceedings that could result in the withdrawal of approval of the ANDAs that refer to the listed drug. OPANA... relief of moderate to severe pain in patients requiring continuous, around-the-clock opioid treatment for... withdrawal of OPANA ER (oxymorphone HCl) extended-release tablets, 7.5 mg and 15 mg, from sale. We have also...

  9. Treffneri hoone pälvis Tartu aasta teo tiitli / Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajalo, Priit, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Viiendat korda välja antud Tartu aasta teo konkursi aunimetuse pälvis tänavu Huga Treffneri gümnaasiumi renoveeritud hoone, sümboliseerides vajadust anda rohkem raha haridusele. Tartu linnapea Andrus Ansipi sõnul kuulub see hoone praegu Euroopa kümne parima gümnaasiumihoone hulka

  10. IT-visionäär Linnar Viik annaks igale põhikooliõpilasele sülearvuti / Holger Roonemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roonemaa, Holger

    2006-01-01

    Linnar Viik peab vajalikuks anda kõigile üheksanda klassi õpilastele sülearvuti ning tekitada koolidesse WiFi leviala. Programmiga Külatee 3 eesmärk on tagada interneti püsiühendus hajusa asustusega maa-aladel, 2007. aastal hakkab traadita internetti pakkuma ka Televõrgu AS

  11. Gaasitoru rajaja Nord Stream : jätkame läbirääkimisi Soomega / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Eesti valitsuse otsus mitte anda Nord Streamile uurimisluba tekitas Soome keskkonnaametnikes pahameelt. Nord Stream AG esindaja Jens D. Mülleri sõnul jätkatakse torujuhtme projekti. Välispoliitika Instituudi direktori Andres Kasekampi arvates laskis Eesti käest kaasarääkimise õiguse

  12. Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemia pälvis Aivar Jürgenson / Mart Kalm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Ajalookirjanduse aastapreemiale kandideeris 15 teost. Žürii nägi preemiakandidaadina teaduslikku monograafiat, otsustades anda preemia elus autorile ja vältida juba preemiad saanud teoseid. Leiti, et statuuti tuleks täpsustada. Preemia pälvis Aivar Jürgensoni teos "Ladina rahva seas. Argentina ja sealsed eestlased"

  13. BLOKIR MALWARE BERBAHAYA MELEWATI PROXY MENGGUNAKAN ROUTER PFSENSE DAN PAKET HAVP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedi Irawan

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Dilansir dari halaman Support Apple, malware adalah perangkat lunak berbahaya, yang berisi virus, worm, trojan horse, dan program lainnya yang dapat membahayakan Mac atau privasi Anda. Malware dapat diinstal saat Anda mengunduh item dari email, pesan, dan situs web. Sumber: https://support.apple.com/kb/PH25640?locale=id_ID&viewlocale=id_ID. Program ini dapat mengubah, merusak, mencari celah, dan mencuri data pribadi seseorang yang tentu sangat merugikan. Malware dapat menghasilkan saat mengunduh data melalui email, pesan, dan situs web. Salah satu perangkat yang paling banyak digunakaan saat ini adalah smartphone sebagai perangkat untuk mengakses situs web. Meskipun semua komputer sudah terinstal antivirus, harus ditambahkan lapisan perlindungan lain ke jaringan komputer, dalam hal ini HAVP bekerja dengan sangat baik.

  14. Kõigi maade proletaarlased, ühinege? / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    ILO raporti "Global Wage Report 2008/09" kohaselt on suuremas osas riikides kasvanud palgad aeglasemalt kui SKT. ILO on seisukohal, et ametiühingutele tuleks anda "uus hingamine" - maades, kus kollektiivlepingutega on seotud üle 30% töötajatest, on majanduskasvuga kaasnenud suurem reaalpalkade kasv kui riikides, kus kollektiivlepingute osakaal on väiksem. Diagrammid: Palgad Euroopas 1995-2007; Reaalpalga keskmine aastakasv

  15. Popnädal. Inglismaa TOP 20 Albumid / Aivar Meos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meos, Aivar

    2002-01-01

    Okt. lõpus USAs Brooklyni muusikaakadeemias esiettekandele tulevast ooperist "Woyzeck". 12. nov. müügile saabuvast Bondi-filmi "Die Another Day" soundtrackist (filmi nimiloo esitajaks Madonna). Ansamblite Wu-Tang Clani ja Limp Bizkiti plaanidest anda järgmisel aastal välja oma uued albumid. Ansamblist Bet Shop Boys. 4. nov. müügile saabuvast Justin Timberlake'i sooloalbumist "Justified".

  16. Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Copper and Nickel Seawater Piping Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    Influenced Tipton, D. G. and Kain, R. M. 1980. Effect of temperature onCorosiope in Nuclear Power Plants atudy a Mical Gnuide the resistance to pitting of...Monel alloy 400 in seawater. In:Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plants anda Practical ie fr Proceedings of Corrosion 󈨔. Chicago, Illinois: National...Sons Ltd. 441 pp. Quimica . Verink, E.D. and Pourbaix, M. 1971. Use of electrochemical Pope, D. H., Duquette, D. J., Johannes, A. H., and Wayner

  17. ESL aastapreemia 2009 žürii koosoleku protokoll = The Estonian Society of Interior Architects annual prize 2009 - minutes of the jury meeting = Протокол собрания жюри о присуждении премии Эстонского �

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2009 žürii otsustas 1. märtsil 2010. a. välja anda ühiskondliku interjööri (Eesti Maaülikooli spordihoone), büroo interjööri (Baltika bürooruumid), kaupluse interjööri (Apollo raamatupood) ja ajaloolise interjööri (Röa pargipaviljon) preemia

  18. Baltika muudab CHR/Evermeni kaubamärgi Mosaiciks / Anneli Lepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepp, Anneli

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 15. veebr. lk. 7. Baltika muudab rõivamärgi CHR/Everman nime Mosaiciks, et anda viimastel aastatel kõige kiiremini kasvanud poeketile ühtne identiteet ja kergem kirjapilt, mis võimaldaks ka välisturul edukamalt läbi lüüa. Lisa: Baltika uus kaubamärk Mosaic

  19. Institutsionaalsetest e-õpikutest üleriigiliseks avatud juurdepääsuga e-õppematerjalide kogumiks / Liisi Lembinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lembinen, Liisi

    2010-01-01

    TÜR käivitas 2008. aastal e-õpikute projekti, millega soovitakse anda üliõpilastele juurdepääs vanematele õppematerjalidele, mis on läbi müüdud või mille eksemplaarsus on raamatukogudes väike ning mida tuleb seetõttu kopeerida või skaneerida. Õpikud kuvatakse Ebrary andmebaasis ning neile on juurdepääs vaid Tartu Ülikooli arvutivõrgus

  20. Religion: A Missing Component of Professional Military Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and...as an historical warning today. Most national lead- ers and peace keepers seem convinced that religious tolerance and inter-faith respect are now... time is overdue for these changes. The dearth of religious analysis in contemporary war-fighting curriculum is a blind-spot that can quickly become a

  1. Practical 3D Printing of Antennas and RF Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    Phillips, Brad Baker Advanced Concepts Lab Georgia Tech Research Institute Atlanta, GA 30318 Gregory.Kiesel@gtri.gatech.edu Abstract: Recent...manufacturing time scales. New printers and materials on the market now provide affordable access to RF rapid prototyping. In this paper, tools and...a Keyence digital optical microscope used as a profilometer. The measured trace width tolerances are shown in Figure 15 and the spacing tolerances

  2. Eesti Energia kuulutas naabritele elektrisõja / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Energia plaanib Läti ja Leedu kohtusse anda, kui läbirääkimised ei too lahendust. Sandor Liive peab oluliseks, et EL kehtestaks tollimaksu Vene elektrile. Käimas on lobitöö Põhjamaade elektribörsi laiendamiseks Eestisse 2009. aastast, mis tooks siia avatud turu läbipaistva hinnakujunduse; peetakse reaalseks, et Eesti Energia võib saada äriosaluse kavandatavas Olkiluoto 6. reaktoris. Lisa: Elektri hind võib 1. jaanuarist kahekordistuda

  3. Advanced Video Activity Analytics (AVAA): Human Factors Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    HRM -A Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5425 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER ARL-TR-7286 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND...A MALHOTRA 1 ARMY RSCH LABORATORY – HRED (PDF) RDRL HRM D T DAVIS BLDG 5400 RM C242 REDSTONE ARSENAL AL 35898-7290 1 ARMY RSCH...HRED (PDF) RDRL HRM DG J RUBINSTEIN BLDG 333 PICATINNY ARSENAL NJ 07806-5000 1 ARMY RSCH LABORATORY – HRED (PDF) ARMC FIELD

  4. Muusika / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2005-01-01

    Revalia Kammermeeskoor oli edukas Klaipeda XV SHimkuse-nimelisel rahvusvahelisel koorikonkursil. Tänavuste Tallinna toomkiriku X toompäevade motoks on "Eesti, Läti, Leedu - omapäi ja üheskoos". 27. X sõitis Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor kontserditurneele aasiasse. Heliloomingu konkursist noortele tshellistidele. Kultuurifestival "Ost West Kontakte" Saksamaal kutsus oma külalisesinejaks Tartu klaveriduo Ebe Münteli ja Jorma Tootsi. Dirigent Olari Elts sõitis Shotimaale, et anda kontserte Shoti Kammerorkestriga

  5. Kunstnike Liidu volikogu koosolek toimus 20. X Ku-Ku klubis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Kinnitati EKLi 2004. a. eelarve, selle toetustest. Harry Liivrand tutvustas Kunstihoone ja selle galerii, Reet Varblane Linnagalerii, Elin Kard Hobusepea ja Draakoni galerii 2004. a. näituseplaane. Ateljee Vabaduse väljak 6-35 otsustati anda rendile Ülle Marksile, ateljee Ristiku 27 müüa Rafael Arutjunjanile. EKLi uued liikmed: Andrus Joonas, Alice Kask, Hermes Sarapuu, Epp Viires, Kristel Sibul

  6. President muutis riiklike autasude otsust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel otsustas anda Torino taliolümpial kuldmedali võitnud suusatajatele Kristina Šmigun'ile ja Andrus Veerpalu'le Valgetähe I klassi teenetemärgi ja nende treeneritele Mati Alaver'ile ja Anatoli Šmigun'ile Valgetähe III klassi teenetemärgi. Ilmunud ka Vooremaa, 2006/Feb/23, lk. 3 ; Eesti Elu = Estonian Life, 2006/Feb/24, lk. 20

  7. Cups, Cowbells, Medals, and Flags: Sport and National Identity in Germany, 1936-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Germany, classical Greece had long been a cultural factor that was especially evident in the nation’s architecture and its national symbols and...as an athlete, with a boldness of vision never before achieved in the cinema .”122 This vision and celebration of the noble aspects of the human body...time providing the most elaborate and magnificent architectural setting and comprehensive games facilities and equipment that the world has yet seen

  8. ESL aastapreemia konkurss 2010. Žürii koosoleku protokoll = ESL awards 2010. Minutes of the meeting of the panel of judges = Конкурс на соискание премии ESL за 2010 год. Протокол собрания жюри

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia 2010 žürii otsustas 7. aprillil 2011. a. välja anda söögikoha interjööri (kohvik Supelsaksad), ühiskondliku interjööri (ADM Interactive'i büroo), ajaloolise interjööri (Kihnu muuseum) ning näituse ja installatsiooni kujunduse (välinäitus "Eesti kirjanikud karikatuuris") preemia. Tudengipreemia: Aet Tera

  9. ESL aastapreemia konkurss 2011. Žürii koosoleku protokoll = ESL awards 2011. Minutes of the meeting of the panel of judges = Конкурс на соискание премии ESL за 2011 год. Протокол собрания жюри

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia žürii otsustas välja anda ühiskondliku interjööri (Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool), ajaloolise interjööri (Peterburi Jaani kirik), "Väikese ruumi" (Järvamaa turismiinfokeskus), publitsistika (raamat "Tööraamat") ning näituse ja installatsiooni kujunduse (näitus "Pavel Filonov. Vene avangard ja järgnenu ..." Kumu Kunstimuuseumis"") preemia. Tudengipreemia pälvis Tuuli Trei

  10. Evaluation of Military Field-Water Quality. Volume 2. Constituents of Military Concern from Natural and Anthropogenic Sources. Part 3. Inorganic Chemicals and Physical Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    are available, One of these was prepared by Greathouse and Craun 10 as part of a study concemning the relationship between cardiovascular disease and...a protective effect against diseases of the elderly such as osteoporosis and periodontal disease . A recommended adequate and safe intake level of 1.5... gastrointestinal tract and thus exhibit a low order of toxicity following ingestion by humans. In fact, the relationship between selenium ingestion and any

  11. PENSION FUNDS EVOLUTION, REFORMS AND TRENDS IN SOUTHAFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Nthabiseng Moleko; Sylvanus Ikhide

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents a graphical and descriptive analysis of the historical trends ofthe South African pension fund sector in order to provide insights andunderstanding ofnon-banking finance. Using a combination of secondary data anda desk review of existing literature, we provide in-depth analysis of the differenttypes and number of pension funds, industry trends, policy reforms and legislativeframeworks enacted by theSouth African government for the development of thesector. The s...

  12. USA relvastab araabia maid miljardite dollaritega / Kunnar Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Kunnar

    2007-01-01

    USA välisminister Condoleezza Rice ja kaitseminister Robert Gates tegid visiidi Saudi-Araabiasse. Arvatakse, et nad on pehmendamas katastroofi, mis järgneks USA vägede järk-järgulisele taandumisele Iraagist. USA kavatseb anda Pärsia riikidele sõjalist abi, et tuua Iraan kolmepoolsetele läbirääkimistele. Lisa: Kodusõda võib olla vältimatu

  13. Anti-Americanism: A Perfect Addition to a Russian Authoritarian’s Political Toolbox

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    and Putin responding with poultry embargos, claiming America was intentionally selling Russians tainted chicken.96 NATO expansion further into... Thomas Remington, Vladimir Putin effectively subjugated the Parliament and ushered in “a party system in which United Russia dominates regional and...a Weak State, 5–7. 224 Thomas Remington, “Parliament and the Dominant Party Regime,” in After Putin’s Russia, ed Stephen Wegren and Dale Herspring

  14. Naval Research Laboratory Major Facilities 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    consists of two equipment shelters, a chiller for cooling the transmitter, and a 175 kVA diesel generator for use at remote sites. A 40-ft-long... bioremediation , and biodeterioration. INSTRUMENTATION: • ESEM equipped with an energy-dispersive X-ray detector and an image acquisition and...a 125 kW uninterruptible power system with diesel backup. Magnetic sensitivity testing of precision Precision Clock Evaluation Facility CONTACT

  15. Suurärimees pakub Lasnamäe karjääri eest 150 miljonit krooni / Urmas Seaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seaver, Urmas, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 4. mai lk. 10. Suurärimehe Endel Siffi firma Primos OÜ on valmis Lasnamäe paekarjääri ala korrastama 100 miljoni krooni eest, lisaks maksaks firma linnale hoonestusõiguse eest 50 miljonit krooni. Linnavalitsus ei ole veel võtnud seisukohta, kas anda karjäär otsustuskorras Merko Ehitusele või kaaluda uut pakkumist

  16. Ascertaining Validity in the Abstract Realm of PMESII Simulation Models: An Analysis of the Peace Support Operations Model (PSOM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Functional Specifications, and the 2008 PSOM Philosophy . The purpose of this chapter is to provide the reader a basic understanding of the PSOM model and...a plane. The Nolan chart was developed by the libertarian party and its role in PSOM has drawn criticism due to its bias and lack of scientific...In the philosophy documentation (Body H. , 2008), security is defined as the key MOE in PSOM. Security tracks the perceived risk of violent death

  17. Archeological Investigations in Cochiti Reservoir, New Mexico. Volume 3. 1976-1977 Field Seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    or methods are in a constant state of flux, and will undoubtedly continue so. The present In 1959, Baumhoff and Heizer suggested that the sys- paper...marrow extraction and when as estimates rather than counts were insect bodies and rendering bone grease. parts (10-25%), cocoons/larvae/eggs (1-10%), and...A yielded rendering bone grease or making soup. The association of 40 burned bone fragments. A 500 ml sample from grid the unidentified fragments and

  18. Kõik presidendi antavad teenetemärgid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kirjutas alla otsusele anda seoses iseseisvuspäevaga ja Eesti riigile osutatud teenete tunnustamiseks 97 Eesti Vabariigi kodanikule või välismaalasele riiklikud autasud. Teenetemärgi pälvinute nimekiri. Vt. ka lk. 2: Aumärgid au sisse. Postimees kiidab presidendi otsust jagada sel aastal riiklikke teenetemärke senisest mitu korda vähem; Diagramm: Postimees.ee küsitlus. Kas president tunnustas õigeid inimesi?

  19. Kosovo albaanlaste imelootus hääbub läbirääkimiste kiuste / Triin Oppi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Serbia ja Kosovo provintsi esindajate läbirääkimistest Viinis ning ÜRO esindaja Martti Ahtisaari ettepanekust Kosovo suhtes, kus välditakse sõna "iseseisvus". Euroopa Liit üritab Kosovot juhtida iseseisvuse teele, pakkudes Serbiale võimalust mitte anda välja Haagi sõjatribunalile Ratko Mladicit. Vt. samas: Kosovo äärmuslased õhkisid kolm ÜRO sõidukit. Kaart

  20. An Investigation of the Pareto Distribution as a Model for High Grazing Angle Clutter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    radar detection schemes under controlled conditions. Complicated clutter models result in mathematical difficulties in the determination of optimal and...a population [7]. It has been used in the modelling of actuarial data; an example is in excess of loss quotations in insurance [8]. Its usefulness as...UNCLASSIFIED modified Bessel functions, making it difficult to employ in radar detection schemes. The Pareto Distribution is amenable to mathematical

  1. Organizing to Understand: How to Operate Effectively in the Human Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    was both entering and creating when it overthrew Saddam Hussein and dismantled the Iraqi government and security forces. The research examines the...sponsored initiative to help tactical and operational level commanders understand the human terrain, the “social, ethnographic , cultural, economic, and...as an intelligence function within TRADOC “as the primary and enduring social science-based human domain research , analysis, and training capability

  2. Foundations for Measuring the Development and Emergence of Leadership Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    Kotter and Lawrence (1974) (according to their agendas, networks, and tasks) into ceremonial mayors, individualists, caretakers, executives and...friendliness Is Hausman & Stnzpp. 1955 Task motivation and application 17 Creager & Harding. 1958 Supportive of the group task 17 Ghisdli, 1960 Social and...as being rated by their peers and superiors prior to going away to a six week intensive summer camp. Preliminary results have indicated that the

  3. Mashadovit tappes kinkis Moskva tshetsheenidele märtri / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Tšetšeenia presidendi Aslan Mashadovi tapmine on seadnud Tšetšeenia iseseisvuse eest võitlejad valiku ette, kas leida uus president riigile eksiilis või anda presidendi amet Tšetšeenia piires vastupanu jätkavale võitlejale. Lisa: Varem juba kaks korda "tapetud". Vt. samas: Mashadov võidi tappa 6. märtsil, teatega oodati naistepäevani

  4. Los árboles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Paredes Pardo

    1964-09-01

    Full Text Available Los árboles son hijos del viento que transporta las semillas. En los valles anda de prisa, tanto que a veces alcanza a los trenes y a la melena de los caballos que espanta la algarabía de los pasajeros. Como los trenes, el viento tiene una frente de humo. De niebla como las montañas. ¿Pensará el viento?

  5. Ameerika sõdurite Eestis viibimine saab selgemad reeglid / Mihkel Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Mihkel

    2017-01-01

    Eesti ja USA vahelisest kaitsekoostöö lepingust, millega kavatsetakse anda selgem raamistik USA vägede siinolekuks ja lihtsustada relvajõudude Eestis tegutsemist. Kokkuleppes pannakse paika kahe riigi suhted ja õigused, mis puudutavad näiteks Eesti kaitseväe alade ja ehitiste kasutamist, ameeriklaste maksusoodustusi, ehitusõigusi ning USA sõdurite väär- ja kriminaaltegude menetlemist

  6. Mazheikiu Nafta otsib uut omanikku / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Autori sõnul on alanud kõige kõrgemal tasemel võitlus, kes saab Mazeikiu Nafta uueks omanikuks. Et mitte anda Jukosele võimalust müüa aktsiad ükskõik kellele, võeti Leedus vastu seadus, mille kohaselt on valitsusel võimalus naftafirma tagasiostmiseks laenu kasutada. Mazeikiu Nafta võimalikest ostjatest. Diagrammid: Balti riikide suurim rahamasin. Lisa: Väikeaktsionärid pimeduses

  7. Global 󈧌, U.S. Navy Title X War Game: Implementing the Maritime Strategy, 4-8 August 2008. Game Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    flying in formation over the beach as an aggressive or hostile act. Similarly, for political reasons the U.S. may need to allow the host nation to put a...levels will result in migration flows and could cause instability, especially in smaller, coastal states. Aging populations, pollution -related and...a broad spectrum of experience from the DoD, U.S. Government, NGOs, academia, and representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, and Peru

  8. On MV-algebras of non-linear functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Di Nola

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the main results are:a study of the finitely generated MV-algebras of continuous functions from the n-th power of the unit real interval I to I;a study of Hopfian MV-algebras; anda category-theoretic study of the map sending an MV-algebra as above to the range of its generators (up to a suitable form of homeomorphism.

  9. Neuroscience-Enabled Complex Visual Scene Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    34, Rivista di Psicologia 49 (1): 7–30 • Kauppinen, Hannu. Seppanen, Tapio and Pietikainen, Matti. An Experimental Comparison of Autoregressive and...a Social Robot,“ IJCAI, pp. 1146-1151, 1999. [63] G. Heidemann, R. Rae, H. Bekel, I. Bax, and H. Ritter, ”Inte- grating Context-free and Context... social interaction. In Interna- tional Conference on Robotics, Automation, and Mecha- tronics (RAM 2006), Bangkok Thailand. Se, S., Lowe, D. G

  10. Jaan Tõnissoni telefonikorraldus ja mis kõik sellele järgnes / Krista Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Krista, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Anton Jürgensteini tööst Postimehe toimetuses aastatel (1904-1929). J. Tõnissoni ja A. Jürgensteini vahelisest tülist 1921. a., milles olulist osa mängis ka J. Tõnissoni 1917. a. vastu võetud otsus anda Postimehe juhtimine üle Adam Bachmannile. Lisa: Anton Jürgensteini kiri Jaan Tõnissonile ; Jaan Tõnissoni vastus Anton Jürgensteinile

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The picture is that of Interview Island in the Anda- mans chain as seen by the lISS III sensor of IR5-1D on 26 January 2000. The island 1133 sq km) is covered with dense and evergreen tropical forests, and is bordered with coral reefs, sea grasses and seaweed patches. The dense red colour depicts healthy vegetation of ...

  12. Workplace Motivation and Addressing Sexual Harassment in the Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    put forward that: Psychologists now knew the importance of (1) taking into account a person’s needs (Maslow’s need hierarchy theory , Hackman and...As taught in many introductory psychology courses, Maslow‘s theory of human motivation (1943) describes meeting the most basic needs —physiological...motives and needs ; expectancy theory ; equity theory ; goal-setting; cognitive evaluation theory ; work design; reinforcement theory ‖ (p. 231

  13. Identity, Attribution, and the Challenge of Targeting in the Cyberdomain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-07

    the cy- berdomain, launching attacks against an adversary’s computers, cell phones, and social media accounts may actually have the adverse effect of...has become “key terrain” of irregular warfare with state and nonstate actors leveraging social media and other digital tools for com- mand and...as a possible starting point for this effort. Keywords: Cyberdomain, social media , targeting, identity intelligence, attribu- tion, gray zone confl

  14. Re-telling, Re-evaluating and Re-constructing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorana Tolja

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available 'Graphic History: Essays on Graphic Novels and/as History '(2012 is a collection of 14 unique essays, edited by scholar Richard Iadonisi, that explores a variety of complex issues within the graphic novel medium as a means of historical narration. The essays address the issues of accuracy of re-counting history, history as re-constructed, and the ethics surrounding historical narration.

  15. A Study of Gaps in Cyber Defense Automation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-13

    automated solution requires ongoing monitoring of the network’s systems and services against a continuously changing landscape of security patches and...a web server to get it to participate in search-engine poisoning or redirection campaigns that may promote questionable services (e.g., counterfeits...the use of sensors, e.g., domain name service (DNS) blacklists. A centralized server then relays a secure message to the mobile device. Software on

  16. Attacking the Lion: A Study of Cohesion in Naval Special Warfare Operational Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    of Existential Courage.‖ Journal of Humanistic Psychology 44, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 279–298. ———. ―Relevance of Hardiness Assessment and Training to...stealth, teamwork, and violence of action to survive and succeed in missions against larger opponents. Developing bonds of trust between individuals and...a force that conducts kinetic action missions with an emphasis on speed, surprise, and violence of action. For the most part, this mentality

  17. Providing Technical Expertise for Effective Contract Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    back to both the finance leg and the contracting leg . In order to avoid a conflict of interest or give the impression of 4 any improprieties...each leg of this triad is separate. It is this reason and those already mentioned that the COR is the responsibility of the requiring activity and...A. Fulghum, DoD Logistician Optimistic About Afghanistan (Aviation Week’s DTI , January 27, 2010) as reported on military.com, accessed on 15 February

  18. Lapsevanemahullus ahistab lapsi / Kate Kelland

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelland, Kate

    2006-01-01

    Brite on haaranud uus tõbi, mida nimetatakse lapsevanemahulluseks, püüdes iga hinna eest teistest paremad olla ja täiuslikkust saavutada, võtavad tavaliselt mõistlikud ja haritud britid üha enam kasutusele haiglasi meetmeid, et oma järeltulijatele tulevases elus eeliseid anda. Sellest on oma raamatus "Tänapäeva perede hullumeelsus" kirjutanud Meg Sanders

  19. OSA Imaging and Applied Optics Congress Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-16

    Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 20 16), paper JT3A .41. V. Katkovnik, "Sparse phase retrieval from noisy data: variational formulation and...A. Wojdyla, G. Gunjala, J. Dong, M. Benk, A. Neureuther, K. Goldberg , and L. Waller, "Off-axis Aberration Estimation in an EUV Microscope Using...2016, (Optical Society of America, 20 16), paper JT3A.41. V. Katkovnik, "Sparse phase retrieval from noisy data: variational formulation and algorithms

  20. Evaluation of Rehabilitation Strategies and Management Schemes for the Improvement of Mangrove Management Programs in Lingayen Gulf

    OpenAIRE

    Severino Salmo III; Dante Torio; Janalezza Morvenna Esteban

    2007-01-01

    We evaluated the mangrove rehabilitation strategies and management schemes in five municipalities in Lingayen Gulf (Bolinao, Anda, Bani, Alaminos and San Fernando). Mangrove planting appears to be the first and only option used in the area, ignoring other recommended management strategies, e.g. conservation, landscaping, and sustainable production. All planting sites were located in coastal fringes and are mostly monospeficic stands of the species Rhizophora mucronata. The planted mangroves w...

  1. Mis see jumal meid on loonud? / Rein Veidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2017-01-01

    Eesti teatriuuenduse 1969 aastal lavastas Evald Hermaküla Paul-Eerik Rummo näidendi "Tuhkatriinumäng", Jaan Tooming August Kitzbergi "Laseb käele suud anda". Jaak Alliku arvustus Jaan Toominga lavastusele ilmus ajakirjas Noorus 1970. aasta märtsinumbris pealkirjaga "Mis see jumal meid on loonud?". Sama küsimuse esitab artikli autor. Elumõttest, elu eesmärgist ja tähendusest

  2. GENERIC DRUG IN GLOBAL MARKET AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Pankaj Kumar*, Bharti Mangla2, Satbir Singh, Arapna Rana

    2017-01-01

    Different regulatory authorities regulate the drug development in various countries of the world. Various Regulatory authority for generic drug application Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA), Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA), Health Product and Food Branch (HPFB) Central Drug Standard of Organization (CDSO). Generic manufacturers may file an abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) that incorporates the safety/effectiveness data submitted by ori...

  3. Küsitlus : kas haiglad võiksid omada üldapteeke?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogus on esimese lugemise läbinud ravimiseaduse muutmise eelnõu, millega tahetakse anda haiglatele õigus omada jaemüügiapteeke. Meditsiiniuudiste küsitlusele vastasid Elva haigla juhataja Liivi Einstein, Tartu Ülikooli Kliinikumi Ühendapteegi direktor Irja Uiboleht, Eesti Apteekrite Liidu peaproviisor Kaidi Vendla, Valga haigla juhataja, Eesti Haiglate Liidu juhatuse liige Riho Tapfer, Viruplatsi Arstikeskuse juhataja Krista Kruuv

  4. Spatio-Temporal Interpolation of Cloudy SST Fields Using Conditional Analog Data Assimilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Fablet

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available The ever increasing geophysical data streams pouring from earth observation satellite missions and numerical simulations along with the development of dedicated big data infrastructure advocate for truly exploiting the potential of these datasets, through novel data-driven strategies, to deliver enhanced satellite-derived gapfilled geophysical products from partial satellite observations. We here demonstrate the relevance of the analog data assimilation (AnDA for an application to the reconstruction of cloud-free level-4 gridded Sea Surface Temperature (SST. We propose novel AnDA models which exploit auxiliary variables such as sea surface currents and significantly reduce the computational complexity of AnDA. Numerical experiments benchmark the proposed models with respect to state-of-the-art interpolation techniques such as optimal interpolation and EOF-based schemes. We report relative improvement up to 40%/50% in terms of RMSE and also show a good parallelization performance, which supports the feasibility of an upscaling on a global scale.

  5. Economic Impacts of the Generic Drug User Fee Act Fee Structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Ke; Boehm, Garth; Zheng, Qiang

    2017-06-01

    A Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Generic Drug User system, Generic Drug User Fee Amendment of 2012 (GDUFA), started October 1, 2012, and has been in place for over 3 years. There is controversy about the GDUFA fee structure but no analysis of GDUFA data that we could find. To look at the economic impact of the GDUFA fee structure. We compared the structure of GDUFA with that of other FDA Human Drug User fees. We then, using FDA-published information, analyzed where GDUFA facility and Drug Master File fees are coming from. We used the Orange Book to identify the sponsors of all approved Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) and the S&P Capital IQ database to find the ultimate parent companies of sponsors of approved ANDAs. The key differences between the previous structure for Human Drug User fees and the GDUFA are as follows: GDUFA has no approved product fee and no first-time or small business fee exemptions and GDUFA charges facility fees from the time of filing and charges a foreign facility levy. Most GDUFA fees are paid by or on behalf of foreign entities. The top 10 companies hold nearly 50% of all approved ANDAs but pay about 14% of GDUFA facility fees. We conclude that the regressive nature of the GDUFA fee structure penalizes small, new, and foreign firms while benefiting the large established firms. A progressive fee structure in line with other human drug user fees is needed to ensure a healthy generic drug industry. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Interface of the general fitting tool GENFIT2 in PandaRoot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prencipe, Elisabetta; Spataro, Stefano; Stockmanns, Tobias; PANDA Collaboration

    2017-10-01

    \\bar{{{P}}}ANDA is a planned experiment at FAIR (Darmstadt) with a cooled antiproton beam in a range [1.5; 15] GeV/c, allowing a wide physics program in nuclear and particle physics. It is the only experiment worldwide, which combines a solenoid field (B=2T) and a dipole field (B=2Tm) in a spectrometer with a fixed target topology, in that energy regime. The tracking system of \\bar{{{P}}}ANDA involves the presence of a high performance silicon vertex detector, a GEM detector, a straw-tubes central tracker, a forward tracking system, and a luminosity monitor. The offline tracking algorithm is developed within the PandaRoot framework, which is a part of the FairRoot project. The tool here presented is based on algorithms containing the Kalman Filter equations and a deterministic annealing filter. This general fitting tool (GENFIT2) offers to users also a Runge-Kutta track representation, and interfaces with Millepede II (useful for alignment) and RAVE (vertex finder). It is independent on the detector geometry and the magnetic field map, and written in C++ object-oriented modular code. Several fitting algorithms are available with GENFIT2, with user-adjustable parameters; therefore the tool is of friendly usage. A check on the fit convergence is done by GENFIT2 as well. The Kalman-Filter-based algorithms have a wide range of applications; among those in particle physics they can perform extrapolations of track parameters and covariance matrices. The adoptions of the PandaRoot framework to connect to Genfit2 are described, and the impact of GENFIT2 on the physics simulations of \\bar{{{P}}}ANDA are shown: significant improvement is reported for those channels where a good low momentum tracking is required (pT < 400 MeV/c).

  7. Sources and sinks of CO2 in the west coast of Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarma, V.V.S.S.; Krishna, M.S.; Rao, V.D.; Viswanadham, R.; Kumar, N.A.; Kumari, T.R.; Gawade, L.; Ghatkar, S.; Tari, A.

    inthewestcoastof BayofBengal By V. V. S. S. SARMA 1 *, M. S. KRISHNA 1 ,V.D.RAO 1 , R. VISWANADHAM 1 , N. A. KUMAR 1 ,T.R.KUMARI 2 , L. GAWADE 1 ,S.GHATKAR 1 ANDA.TARI 1 1 NationalInstituteofOceanography,CouncilofScientificandIndustrialResearch(CSIR),176Lawsons... Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), permitting all non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided...

  8. Miljonite eest vedurid tuntud ärimeestelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 8. aug. lk. 4-5. Eesti Raudtee sõlmis lepingu Maksim Liksutovi Ja Sergei Glinka firmaga AS Coal Terminal Transport kolme veduri rentimiseks 16, 2 miljoni krooni eest ajal, mil veod Venemaalt on drastiliselt vähenenud. Vt. samas intervjuud Urmas Glasega: Eesti Raudtee: kaubamahud taastuvad sügisel. Kommenteerib Tõnis Haavel; Majandusministeerium: raske on vedurite hankele hinnangut anda; Koit Brinkmann. Varasem tehing: vedurite ostu uurimiseks algatati kriminaalasi. Lisa: Eesti Raudtee juhatus; Eesti Raudtee uus nõukogu. Miks Eesti Raudtee vajab Ukraina vedureid?

  9. Capacitated Hub Routing Problem in Hub-and-Feeder Network Design: Modeling and Solution Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Gelareh , Shahin; Neamatian Monemi , Rahimeh; Semet , Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    International audience; In this paper, we address the Bounded Cardinality Hub Location Routing with Route Capacity wherein eachhub acts as a transshipment node for one directed route. The number of hubs lies between a minimum anda maximum and the hub-level network is a complete subgraph. The transshipment operations take place atthe hub nodes and flow transfer time from a hub-level transporter to a spoke-level vehicle influences spoketo-hub allocations. We propose a mathematical model and a b...

  10. Palgareform peatab võlakriisi tekke / Edgar Savisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savisaar, Edgar, 1950-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 6. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 8. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Oma Saar, 9. jaan. 2007, lk. 5; Nädaline, 9. jaan. 2007, lk. 4; Hiiu Leht, 9. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 9. jaan. 2007, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 11. jaan. 2007, lk. 2. Majandusminister Edgar Savisaare sõnul saavad tänapäeva laenutarbimise ja tõusvate hindade majanduses sisemise enesekindluse anda vaid palgareformist tulenevad jätkusuutlikult tõusvad sissetulekud

  11. Eesti vajab selgust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, Lääne Elu, Sakala, Järva Teataja, Pärnu Postimees, Virumaa Teataja, Eesti Ekspress, Võrumaa Teataja, Põhjarannik, Severnoje Poberezhje 19. jaan. lk. 2;2;2;15;7;A15;2;2;2;6 ja Hiiu Leht 20. jaan. lk. 2. 13. Eesti ajalehe peatoimetaja pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta

  12. 2011 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    drug use began by asking about the use of a variety of illicit drugs such as marijuana , cocaine, and heroin. Two substances, synthetic cannabis and...a. Marijuana or hashish (such as “pot,” THC, “weed”) b. Synthetic cannabis ("spice", K2, herbal smoking blend) c. Cocaine (including crack) d...10 days 3. Used 1 to 3 days 4. 0 days a. Marijuana or hashish (such as “pot,” THC, “weed”) b. Synthetic cannabis ("spice", K2, herbal smoking

  13. Observations of Near-Bottom Flow in a Wave-Dominated Nearshore Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    E 0 0 0 ~- X : (- 1.. pI m~ ffm ~o .pcr onf> ..... X • -- E X/• x,. "£ "*.. . .. . 0o 0 0 a c c ,(s0wO) (S/PH w) (SlUwo) . 7109 I 3 I Mean of LDV...1 I 8250 ASM X,ANDA #&HBF :REM 0000 OXXX ACCA 8260 ASM X,ANDB #&HBF :REM 0000 1XXX ACCB 8270 ASM X,STAB &H17 :REM /CS=0 3 8280 ASM X,STAA &H17 :REM

  14. Sexismo nos videojogos

    OpenAIRE

    Zagalo, Nelson

    2014-01-01

    O último número da revista EDGE dá conta de mais um episódio de sexismo, ou melhor machismo, no mundo dos videojogos. Zoe Quinn co-criadora de "Depression Quest" (2013), um pequeno jogo independente de ficção interativa sobre os dramas da depressão, tem sido atacada e humilhada desde Dezembro [1], altura em que em o jogo foi colocado no Steam Greenlight. Nada faria antever estes ataques, uma vez que o jogo já anda aí há algum tempo, e como ela própria diz "sobreviveu" sem grandes problemas...

  15. Skate na cidade, imagens da cidade

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Giancarlo Marques Carraro

    2014-01-01

    Apesar da existência de dezenas de pistas de skate na cidade de São Paulo – espaços considerados “próprios” para o skate -, a maioria dos skatistas da modalidade street skate confere maior importância à prática feita nas ruas, onde, para muitos, se “anda de skate de verdade”. A atração que elas exercem é a possibilidade de encontrar diferentes tipos de picos, ou seja, equipamentos urbanos (bancos, corrimãos, escadas, canteiros) obstáculos onde se realizam as manobras. Este artigo busca analis...

  16. Kunst kunsti vastu : kunstniku rolli ja positsiooni ümbermõtestamise katsest eesti kunstis 1970. aastatel / Mari Laanemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemets, Mari, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Vaadeldakse Leonhard Lapini objektiivse kunsti käsitlust (esitatud näituse "Sündmus Harku '75. Objektid, kontseptsioonid" raames toimunud sümpoosionil) tema edasise tegevuse kontekstis. Analüüsides Lapini initsiatiivil toimunud näitusi, on võimalik arvamust avangardi lõppemisest 1975. aastal ümber hinnata, näidates selle jätkumist ka järgnevatel aastatel. Lapini ettekannet võib mõista kui katset anda kunstile uus definitsioon ja tähendus, kui programmi, mille ideed kajastuvad tema järgnevas tegevuses

  17. Teaching at the United States Army War College. Philosophy, Practice, and Resources AY 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    ask students to address the question, How do we think about things we can’t touch and don’t have an instrument to measure, such as quarks and...standing close to others. -from B’s andA’s in 30Days by Eric Jensen, p. 260 71 Recognizing V-A-K Processors : Common Modality Verbal Cues Visual...corresponding dismissal of inconvenient points of view as irrelevant, immoral, or ideologically unsound. To stay intel - lectually alive, groups may need the

  18. Cotidianidad y fiesta en el municipio de Talaigua Relatos de la gente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramiro Delgado

    1987-07-01

    Full Text Available Cada año, cuando se acercaba el dos de febrero, Horacio Delgado Franco se encargaba de enviar a Magangué, desde Medellín, el diseño para el anda y las flores que luciría la Virgen en el día de su fiesta anual. Ese lazo de sangre con lo festivo lo heredó de vivir veinticinco años en Magangué vinculado con las fiestas de semana santa, del Corpus Christi, del II de noviembre y de la Candelaria.

  19. Eesti vajab selgust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ajalehtede peatoimetajate pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta. Ilmunud ka Võrumaa Teataja, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 7 ; Sakala, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Lääne Elu, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2 ; Järva Teataja, 2006/Jan/19 ; Hiiu Leht, 2006/Jan/20 ; Pärnu Postimees, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 15 ; Põhjarannik, 2006/Jan/19, lk. 2

  20. FOOLISH MOON

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Jingjing

    2017-01-01

    Foolish Moon is a product design for Chinese young adults who come to big Chinese cities to fight for their dreams to help them to slow down, to think more, to be practical and patient under the influence of fast culture which makes people eager to quick success. It has two physical parts, a moon phase clock anda work journal book, and three functions: 1) a new time experience of slow, stable and circular; 2) to encourage people to write down their goals and plans; 3) to make time capsules to...

  1. Rancang bantun industri kecil suku cadang / komponen kulit teknis untuk industri tekstil

    OpenAIRE

    Suliestiyah Wiryodiningrat; Dwi Asdono Basuki

    1995-01-01

    The objective of this research is to find out proses of production and relation between cost, Selling price anda break even point (BEP). Product specification is space parts for Textile industries i.e.Picker, Buffer, Bumper leather, Sweel leather, Box front leather, Stick Bumper and Tension brake leather. The production capacity is 700 units per-day, so that in one year is 210.000 units. The economical analysis showed that Total Captal (fixed capital and working capital) =Rp. 149.189.750.00. ...

  2. Detection of Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma spp., Rickettsia spp., and Other Eubacteria in Ticks from the Thai-Myanmar Border and Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Parola, Philippe; Cornet, Jean-Paul; Sanogo, Yibayiri Osée; Miller, R. Scott; Thien, Huynh Van; Gonzalez, Jean-Paul; Raoult, Didier; Telford III, Sam R.; Wongsrichanalai, Chansuda

    2003-01-01

    A total of 650 ticks, including 13 species from five genera, were collected from animals, from people, or by flagging of the vegetation at sites on the Thai-Myanmar border and in Vietnam. They were tested by PCR to detect DNA of bacteria of the order Rickettsiales. Three Anaplasma spp. were detected in ticks collected in Thailand, including (i) Anaplasma sp. strain AnDa465, which was considered a genotype of Anaplasma platys (formerly Ehrlichia platys) and which was obtained from Dermacentor ...

  3. Applications for approval to market a new drug; complete response letter; amendments to unapproved applications. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-10

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its regulations on new drug applications (NDAs) and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for approval to market new drugs and generic drugs (drugs for which approval is sought in an ANDA). The final rule discontinues FDA's use of approvable letters and not approvable letters when taking action on marketing applications. Instead, we will send applicants a complete response letter to indicate that the review cycle for an application is complete and that the application is not ready for approval. We are also revising the regulations on extending the review cycle due to the submission of an amendment to an unapproved application and starting a new review cycle after the resubmission of an application following receipt of a complete response letter. In addition, we are adding to the regulations on biologics license applications (BLAs) provisions on the issuance of complete response letters to BLA applicants. We are taking these actions to implement the user fee performance goals referenced in the Prescription Drug User Fee Amendments of 2002 (PDUFA III) that address procedures and establish target timeframes for reviewing human drug applications.

  4. ORTA ASYA’DA ARTAN SİLAHLANMA YARIŞI VE SEBEPLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    Yegenov, Shatlyk

    2018-01-01

    Dünyada her ülke istisnasız bir şekilde silahlanmaktadır.Çünkü silahlanma güvenlik ile yakından ilişkili kavramdır. Ama silahlanma aynıanda savaş kavramı ile de yakından ilişkilidir. Yani silahlanma sadece güvenlikiçin bir araç olarak kalmamakta aynı anda savaşların da bir aracı olmaktadır.1991 yılında bağımsızlığını kazanan Orta Asya ülkeleri de kendilerine özgüsebepler ve olaylardan dolayı silahlanmaktadırlar. Bölgenin askeri alanda engelişmiş ülkesi Kazakistan, 1995 yılından beri sürekli s...

  5. Mollusks in the Mangrove Rehabilitation Areas in Western Pangasinan, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene B. De Vera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mollusks are predominantly found inmangrove ecosystems. Nowadays, these are declining due to habitat disturbances. This study was conducted in Western, Pangasinan, with mangrove rehabilitation projects under Community Based Forest Management Agreement. Four mangrove rehabilitation areas were looked into: Pilar and Victory, Bolinao; and Awile and Tori-tori, Anda, Pangasinan. Purposive sampling was done in selecting the mangrove rehabilitation areas. Ten percent sampling of the areas using the belt transect quadrat method was employed. Diversity, dominance , richness and evenness indices for mollusks were determined. Mann Whitney test, Student’s t-test and Kruskal Wallis test were used. A total of fourteen kinds of mollusks species were identified. The species were Tectusfenestratus (fenestrate top, Terebraliasulcata (Sulcate swamp perith, Haliotisovinagemelin (oval abalone, Neritaplanospiraanton (flat spired nerite, Clithionoualensis(dubious nerite, Fasciolaria trapezium (trapezium horse conch, Nasarriuspullus (ribbed dog whelk, Trochusmaculatus (maculated top, Rhinoclavisvertagus (Common vertagus , Telescopium telescopium (Telescope Snail, Isognomonephippium (saddle tree oyster Crassostriairedali (slipper oyster, Strombuslabiatus (Plicate conch and Polymesodaexpansa (Yellowish mangrove clam. The highest mollusks species diversity and richness indeces were observed in Victory, Bolinao. Mollusks species dominance and evenness indeces were highest in Pilar, Bolinao and Tori-tori, Anda, respectively. The study revealed a significant difference in the probability of gathering mollusks species in the four mangrove rehabilitation areas. It is recommended that fisherfolkand coastal communities be educated about the need for mollusks conservation and habitat protection. It is expected that this study may provide light to future research on mangrove fauna particularly mollusks in Pangasinan.

  6. SAPHO: syndrome or concept? Imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Earwaker, J.W.S. [Department of Medical Imaging, Holy Spirit Hospital, Brisbane (Australia); Cotten, A. [Service de Radiologie OsteoArticulaire, Hopital Roger Salengro, Lille (France)

    2003-06-01

    The SAPHO syndrome was a term coined to include a variety of musculoskeletal disorders associated with skin conditions, mainly palmoplantar pustulosis and acne conglobata. It is more correctly a spectrum which includes the following: skin lesions, osteoarticular manifestations of synovitis hyperostosis and osteitis affecting particular target sites, and.a clinical course marked by relapses and remissions. The major sites of involvement are the anterior chest wall, the spine, long bones, flat bones, and large and small joints. The distribution and severity of involvement varies from the adult to the pediatric form of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). The diagnosis of SAPHO syndrome is not difficult when the typical osteoarticular lesions are located in characteristic target sites. The diagnosis is more difficult if atypical sites are involved and there is no skin disease. (orig.)

  7. Fear of Failure in Sport: A Portuguese Cross-cultural Adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Correia

    Full Text Available Abstract The Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI is a multidimensional measure of threat appraisals associated with one's fear of failure. Whilst emerging research has supported the validity and reliability of the PFAI with North American and British sport participants, its psychometric proprieties remain untested within Portuguese samples. This study examined the psychometric proprieties of the PFAI with a sample of 556 Portuguese athletes. A confirmatory factor analysis was employed to test whether the proposed multi-factorial structure of the PFAI fits well the Portuguese data.All factors displayed good internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Multi-group analysis revealed cross-validity and the models' invariance. The correlations between fear of failure and sport anxiety measures revealed evidence of its concurrent validity. The PFAIappears to be a psychometrically sound measure anda valid and reliable tool for assessing fear of failure in Portuguese sport contexts.

  8. Feasibility studies for the Forward Spectrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biernat, Jacek

    2015-01-01

    The Forward Spectrometer designed for the P-barANDA detector will consist of many different detector systems allowing for precise track reconstruction and particle identification. Feasibility studies for Forward Spectrometer done by means of specific reactions will be presented. In the first part of the paper, results of simulations focussing on rate estimates of the tracking stations based on straw tubes will be presented. Next, the importance of the Forward Tracker will be demonstrated through the reconstruction of the ψ(4040) → DD-bar decay. Finally, results from the analysis of the experimental data collected with a straw tube prototype designed and constructed at the Research Center in Juelich will be discussed. (paper)

  9. Edward Snowden Olayı’nın ABD-Rusya İlişkileri Üzerindeki Etkileri

    OpenAIRE

    SEZGİN, Fatih

    2014-01-01

    Dünya basını, 20 Mayıs 2013 tarihinden itibaren elindeki dört adet dizüstü bilgisayarla Hong Kong’a gelen Edward Snowden adlı otuz yaşındaki Amerikalı genci konuşmaya başlamıştır. Snowden’ı bir anda dünya gündemine taşıyan olay; Snowden’ın Amerikan Ulusal Güvenlik Dairesi’nde (U.S. National Security Agency-NSA) çalıştıktan sonra elindeki belgeleri The Guardian Gazetesi yetkililerine vermesi ve bu belgelerin yayınlanmasıdır. Bu ilk yayınlanan belgeler ABD’de şok etkisi yapmış ve ABD Çin’den (H...

  10. ITALY AT CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    23 - 26 June 2003 Main Building Bldg 60 - ground and 1st floor 09.30 hrs - 17.30 hrs Twenty-four companies will present their latest technology at the "Italy at CERN" exhibition. The Italian industry will exhibit products and technologies which are related to the field of particle physics. The main subjects are: cryogenics and vacuum technologies, electric power and power electronics, mechanical components, small and precision machined mechanical components, engineering, industrial plants, industrial machinery, automation, telecommunication, instrumentation, data processing and electronics. The exhibition is being organised by the INFN of Padova. There follows: - the list of exhibitors. A detailed programme will be available in due course: - from your Divisional secretariat, - at the exhibition, - on the SPL homepage http://spl-div.web.cern.ch/spl-div/member_states/exhibitions_visits.htm LISTE DES EXPOSANTS / LIST OF EXHIBITORS 1 Aerimpianti Spa13 Europa Metalli - LMI spa 2 AERSAT Spa14 FBM ICOSS srl 3 Anda...

  11. The drug taking and the treatment in patients that are involved in illegal activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Sanabria Carretero

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on the assessment of the implications that criminal behavior has, not only at the start of treatment for drug taking but also during its development and results. With this aim in mind a sample of 209 patients who had applied for treatment were selected and assessed inthe principal object areas of analysis over a period of ayear anda half at six monthly intervals.The results indicate that time spent in a therapeutic centre significantly reduces criminal behaviour. However, those patients with a greater past history present more difficulties and give a poorer initial response, although during the period of follow-up these differences tend to disappear.

  12. Beban Ganda yang dialami Perempuan Kulit Hitam dalam Dua Novel Toni Morrison 'A Mercy' dan 'Home'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Laili Nadhifah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The double burden experienced by black women is not only done by white people as colonizer, but also black men. Because the double minority they experience, Black women receive worse treatment than white female, since they are not seen as fully human. This research uses two novels by Tony Morrison; Home (2012 andA Mercy (2008 focusing on the double burden and its impacts experienced by black female main characters as the result of colonialism. The burdens experienced by black women are mainly about racism and sexism either done by white people or black men. Centered on the character of Cee in Home and Florens in A Mercy, this research applies Poscolonialism approach and Black feminism theory. The result of this research is expected to be a model on analyzing a novel written by African-American author for novel analysis subject and reference for other researches related to black feminism and poscolonialism.

  13. Müşteri İlişkileri ve CRM = Customer Care & Social CRM

    OpenAIRE

    Yaşar, Azra Betül

    2016-01-01

    Azra Betül Yaşar şu anda Turkcell'de çalışmaktadır ve müşteri ilişkileri yönetimi alanında uzman olarak hizmet vermektedir. Mart 2011'den beri bu görevi yürüten Yaşar; proje yönetimi, stratejik planlama, bilgi yönetimi, sosyal medya, bütçe yönetimi, ve data analizi konularında deneyim kazanmış birisidir. Müşterilerin Turkcell ile en iyi şekilde iletişimde kalmasını sağlamak, ve Turkcell deneyimlerini her zaman en yukarda tutmak için çalışmaktadır. Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi (DAÜ) Sosyal Med...

  14. Angiostrongylus cantonensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Widiastuti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bagi Anda yang termasuk pelahap sayuran mentah (lalapan, harus cukup berhati-hati dengan agen penyakit berikut ini. Nama latinnya adalah Angiostrongylus cantonensis, salah satu jenis cacing Nematoda yang juga sering dikenal dengan nama rat lungworm, penyebab utama dari penyakit eosinophilic meningitis. Sebagaimana Nematoda lainnya, cacing ini juga memiliki bentuk filiform (seperti benang. Cacing jantanya berukuran ±7,7 mm dengan diameter 0,30 mm, sedangkan cacing betina ± 12,8 mm dan diameter 0,36 mm. Organ genitalia pada cacing  jantan berupa bursa kopularis sedangkan cacing betina berupa vulva yang terletak di ujung posterior. Pada bagian kepala terdapat 3 buah labia, 2 diantaranya terletak di bagian dorsal, sedang yang 1 buah terletak di bagian lateraf.

  15. Investigate Volatility Jumps in Chinese Stock Index Future and Spot Markets Based on Realized Volatility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang qiang

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate Chinese stock index future and spot market's volatility jumps characteristics by using recentlydeveloped jumpstest(Barndorff-Nielsenand Shephard,2004).Thedataisoneyearhigh frequencydatafromthe period19/04/2012 to 19/04/2013. The empirical results show two important points. Firstly, the logarithm of adjusted realized volatility shows a high degree of autocorrelation and folows a normal distribution nearly perfect. These characteristics show a potential high forecast ability. Secondly,thedailyrealizedvolatilityjumpsshowalowdegreeofautocorrealtionbutwithsignificantvolatilityclusters.Ingeneral,thejumps component has a low percentage in realized volatility estimation for both future and spot market. On average, there is one significant jumpswithinevery ten continue trading days.Spotmarkets showshigherdegree of jumps,anda rapidly jumpscharacterises.It implies that jumps may transmission from spot to future market, and spot market dominate future market at some degree.

  16. Del bienestar a la caridad: ¿un viaje sin retorno?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Mata Romeu

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En nuestro país el sistema de bienestar social está amenazado por un cierto involucionismo social, que bajo el paraguas de la actual y profunda crisis económica, política y social, hace retroceder los derechos sociales de los ciudadanos, conseguidos tras arduos años de luchas. Si consideramos las cuatro etapas de la acción social como modelos que se fueron sucediendo y como formas de acción social diferenciada, vemos que, en la actualidad, la evolución histórica que se produjo de la caridad al bienestar social, se voltea, es decir, se anda el camino en sentido inverso. Partimos de un estado de bienestar social que pretendía una cierta redistribución de la riqueza y el apuntalamiento de derechos sociales, y regresamos al punto de partida: la caridad y la filantropía.

  17. A 'college of astrology and medicine'? Charles V, Gervais Chrétien, and the scientific manuscripts of Maître Gervais's College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boudet, Jean-Patrice

    2010-06-01

    Considered an institution mainly devoted to astrology and medicine by Simon de Phares and by some historians who believe that he was reliable, the college founded in 1371 by Charles V's first physician, Gervais Chrétien, was in fact primarily dedicated to theological students. It was not before 1377 that there were created there two bursaries for scholares regis, specialising in 'licit mathematical sciences', and two medical fellowships. Yet the influence of the activity of these fellows seems to have been rather moderate and-as far as we can learn from the material still extant, notably from manuscripts that belonged to Maître Gervais' College and to some of its members-this institution was devoted much more to theological studies than to medicine and the quadrivium.

  18. Sisestatud tarindid lepingute tekstimoodustusvõttena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riina Reinsalu

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Töövõtu- ja käsunduslepingute keeleanalüüs näitab, et lepingute lausestruktuur on võrdlemisi lihtsakoeline: tekst koosneb peamiselt lihtlausetest ja lihtsa ülesehitusega (enamasti esimese astme kõrvallausetega liitlausetest. Ent ometigi on lepingute keelekasutus raskepärane. Kuna keerukaid lauseskeeme rakendatakse lepingutes harva, püütakse vajaminevat teavet edasi anda mitmesuguste sisestatud tarinditega. Infiniit- ja partitsiiptarindite, nominalisatsioonide, adverbialisatsioonide ja predikaadita tarindite rohkus, kombineerituna kantseliitliku väljendusviisiga, muudab laused kohmakaks ja raskesti mõistetavaks. Teisalt aga täidavad need tarindid tekstimoodustuse seisukohalt lepingutes kindlaid funktsioone, milles peegeldub lepingu kui žanri olemus.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5128/ERYa9.15

  19. El pueblo y aún fue ayer

    OpenAIRE

    Novo, María

    2012-01-01

    ¿Por qué corremos, madre?* Nadie lo sabe, hijo, que es un llanto el que nos guía, con lápidas de muerte sembradas a la espalda. Y, ciega la memoria, somos nadie. ¿Quién nos persigue, madre? El mercado global de las mentiras, que nos compró la vida, antes y ahora, al precio del olvido. Cógete fuerte y anda, se hace tarde. ¿Con quién viajamos, madre? Vamos a grupas del dolor y el silencio, nos acompañan el hambre y la desdicha, olemos a destierro. Ten cuidado al pisar, llegó la noche. ¿Qué es n...

  20. Effects of Form Perception and Meaning on the Visual Evoked Potential with Author’s Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    their averages during different stimulus presentations were "essentially the same." Use of homa - tropine and an artificial pupil prevented pupillary and...a 6 MNA. Am...... Ir FT AWR, RWA, ATR and RTA, while for subject JI they resulted from AWR, RWA, TPI and ITP. Components of the composite VERs will be...LS-LO 2 24 27 28 a--i i ir . t 4 -- 10 12 16 LPLO 5 0.2 9 P-L 19 0.1 28 5 3 2 5,T-LT S-LS 10 0.23 0.14 T .2 - 2 16, 23 8 16 129 Vm.i3 P-LP 0 +-4--4

  1. Gramsci y la cultura popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Rodríguez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Suele decirse que casi todo el mundo del llamado pensamiento alternativo (o pensamiento crítico al menos anda buscando en los textos de Gramsci la solución a los problemas políticos y culturales que nos acucian. Sobre todo a través de dos cuestiones claves en Gramsci: la noción de hegemonía y la noción de la cultura popular. Ahora bien: me temo que se busca en Gramsci lo que Gramsci no nos puede dar sino a través de una larga investigación. Quiero decir, que se trata de categorías o nociones que no están servidas en bandeja, ya plenas y absolutamente consolidadas. Como canapés que pudieran tomarse directamente de la bandeja.

  2. Rickettsial pathogens and arthropod vectors of medical and veterinary significance on Kwajalein Atoll and Wake Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durden, L.

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Modern surveys of ectoparasites and potential vector-borne pathogens in the Republic of the Marshall Islands and Wake Island are poorly documented. We report on field surveys of ectoparasites from 2010 with collections from dogs, cats, and rats. Five ectoparasites were identified: the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis, a sucking louse Hoplopleura pacifica, the mites Laelaps nuttalli and Radfordia ensifera, and the brown dog tickRhipicephalus sanguineus. Ectoparasites were screened for rickettsial pathogens. DNA from Anaplasma platys, a Coxiella symbiont of Rhipicephalus sanguineus, anda Rickettsia sp. were identified by PCR and DNA sequencing from ticks and fleas on Kwajalein Atoll. An unidentified spotted fever group Rickettsia was detected in a pool of Laelaps nuttalli and Hoplopleura pacifica from Wake Island. The records of Hoplopleura pacifica, Laelaps nuttalli, and Radfordia ensifera and the pathogens are new for Kwajalein Atoll and Wake Island.

  3. TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS AND EXPERIENCES OF THEIR ROLE IN TRANSFORMING RURAL AND TONSHIP SCHOOLS: A DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Mafora

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies in South Africa suggest that the social, material and curriculartransformation espoused in post-apartheid legislation and education policies donot always translate into implementation in schools. This article reports on aqualitative multi case study on transformative leadership in township schools anda follow up study in rural schools. The article isrestricted to three rural and threetownship secondary schools regarding the question:how do teachers perceive andexperience their role in school transformation. Semi-structured focus groupinterviews and phenomenological steps were the basis for data collection andanalysis, respectively. Findings suggests that while teachers query their limitedinvolvement in school transformation initiatives, and question the concentration ofdecision-making power regarding transformation issues on school management,they are equally reluctant to take additional non-teaching responsibilities.Perceived contextual barriers to teacher involvement in rural and township schooltransformation are outlined.

  4. Identification and Characterization of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus from Indonesian Cattle (IDENTIFIKASI DAN KARAKTERISASI VIRUS BOVINE VIRAL DIARRHEA DARI SAPI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muharam Saepulloh

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV is an important viral disease, which a ubiquitous pathogen ofcattle with worldwide economic importance and due to its misdiagnose with other viruses. The goal of thecurrent study was to identify and characterize of BVDV by reverse transcriptase polymerase chainreaction (RT-PCR and followed by sequence genome analyses. Blood, feces, and semen samples werecollected from 588 selected cattle from animals suffering from diarrhea and respiratory manifestation. RTPCRresults showed that the 69 (11.74% samples were positive to BVDV. Further molecularcharacterization was conducted only with 17 PCR positive samples. The results indicated the 17 IndonesianBVD virus isolates were belonging to the genotype-1 of BVDV (BVDV-1 based on sequence analysis anda phylogenetic relationship between Indonesian BVDV isolates and BVDV in the world. This finding is thefirst report of BVD-1 circulated in Indonesian cattle.

  5. Factoring SözleşmesiFactoring Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    DEMİR,  REMZİ

    2013-01-01

    man tekniğidir. Bir başka ifadeyle, factoring, firmaların satışlarından doğan vadeli alacaklarını factore peşin bedel ile satmaları işlemidir4. Hukuki anlamda mal satımı ve/veya hizmet arzı ile uğraşan firma- ların bu satışları sonucu doğan veya doğacak alacaklarını devralarak tahsilini üstlenen, bu alacaklara karşı peşin ödemelerde bulunarak finansman sağlayan, aynı anda firmalara idari, ticari ve mali konu- larda verilen hizmetler karşılığı faiz, komisyon ve ücrete hak kaza- nan kişi ve...

  6. Eesti vajab selgust / Tiina Kaalep, Urmas Lauri, Tiit Reinberg...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke (2006/Jan/19) lk. 4 ; Lääne Elu (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Sakala (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Järva Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Pärnu Postimees (2006/Jan/19) lk. 15 ; Virumaa Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 7 ; Eesti Ekspress (2006/Jan/19) lk. A15 ; Võrumaa Teataja (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Severnoje Poberezhje (2006/Jan/19) lk. 2 ; Koit (2006/Jan/19) lk. 6 ; Hiiu Leht (2006/Jan/20) lk. 2. 13 Eesti ajalehe peatoimetaja pöördumine. Toimetajad leiavad, et rahvale tuleb anda võimalus kaasa rääkida riigipea valimistele eelnevas avalikus debatis ning nad kutsuvad üles president Arnold Rüütlit teatama oma otsusest presidendivalimistel kandideerimise kohta

  7. Czy więcej znaczy lepiej? Rozważania immunologiczne o skuteczności szczepionek przeciwko HPV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Pawliczak

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Natural history studies conducted over the past 20 years have demonstrated that human papillomavirus(HPV infection is a necessary prerequisite for the development of cervical cancer, the second most frequentcause of death in young women. Recently, two anti-HPV vaccines have been approved for immunoprophylaxis ofcervical cancer: a quadrivalent vaccine containing L1 virus-like particles (VLPs of HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18, anda bivalent vaccine containing VLPs of types 16 and 18. In efficacy trials involving young women, both vaccinesproduced outstanding efficacy against primary and secondary endpoints associated with the vaccine type HPVsand were highly and consistently immunogenic. This review is focused on comparing safety and efficacy of bothavailable vaccines.

  8. Hodgkin lenfoma, tüberküloz ve otoimmün hemolitik anemili olgu: Olgu sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    TUĞCU, Deniz; KEBUDİ, Rejin; ZÜLFİKAR, Bülent; AYAN, İnci; GÖRGÜN, Ömer; AĞAN, Mehmet; SOMER, Alper; AKINCI, Ferhan

    2014-01-01

    Tüberkülozun Hodgkin hastalığını da içeren birçok malin hastalıkla birlikteliği tanımlanmıştır. Bu yazıda, tüberküloz, Hodgkin hastalığı ve hemolitik anemi tanısı alan bir olgu sunuldu. Her iki hastalıkta aynı semptom ve bulguları gösterebildiğinden, tanılardan birisi gözden kaçabilir. Klinisyen tedavi başarısızlığı ile karşılaştığında, bu hastalıkların aynı anda olabileceğinin de farkında olmalıdır.

  9. Petri Net Approach of Collision Prevention Supervisor Design in Port Transport System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danko Kezić

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Modern port terminals are equipped with various localtransport systems, which have the main task to transport cargobetween local storehouses and transport resources (ships,trains, trucks in the fastest and most efficient way, and at thelowest possible cost. These local transport systems consist offully automated transport units (AGV- automatic guided vehiclewhich are controlled by the computer system. The portcomputer system controls the fully automated transport units inthe way to avoid possible deadlocks and collisions betweenthem. However, beside the fully automated local transportunits, there are human operated transport units (fork-lifttrucks, cranes etc. which cross the path oftheAGVfrom timeto time. The collision of human operated transp011 unit andA GV is possible due to human inattention. To solve this problem,it is necesswy to design a supe1vismy control system thatcoordinates and controls both human driven transport unit andA G V In other words, the human-machine interactions need tobe supen·ised. The supen•ising system can be realized in the waythat the port terminal is divided into zones. Vehicle movementsare supen•ised by a video system which detects the moving ofparticular l'ehicles as a discrete event. Based on detected events,dangerous moving of certain vehicles is blocked by the supe1visi11gsystem. The paper considers the design of collision preventionsupen•isor by using discrete event dynamic themy. The portterminal is modeled by using ordi1za1y Petri nets. The design ofcollision prevention supe1visor is cmTied out by using the P-inl'ariantmethod. The verification of the supervisor is done bycomputer simulation.

  10. Repercusión de la cirugía torácica y abdómino-pélvica en el estado funcional del anciano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo J. Landi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La calidad de vida de los ancianos está determinada por su capacidad funcional, más que por el número o tipo de enfermedades que padecen. Se analizaron 43 pacientes mayores de 65 años sometidos a cirugías mayores. Se siguió longitudinalmente la evolución del estado funcional mediante el análisis de 6 variables, las actividades de la vida diaria (AVD, actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria (AIVD, la prueba de levántate y anda, prueba del alcance funcional del brazo, fuerza de prensión de la mano y velocidad de la marcha, medidas previas a la cirugía (medición basal y a los 1, 2, 3 y 4 meses posteriores al alta. Los objetivos fueron: estimar la repercusión que la cirugía tiene en el estado funcional de ancianos, determinar el tiempo que cada una de las mediciones regresa a los valores del preoperatorio en el seguimiento a 4 meses, comparar las curvas de recuperación de los valores basales de AIVD, fuerza de prensión de la mano y velocidad en la marcha, entre 2 grupos definidos por la velocidad de la marcha basal, en lentos ( 0.8 m/s. La repercusión de la cirugía en la aptitud física presentó una disminución estadísticamente significativa en AVD, AIVD, la prueba de levántate y anda y velocidad en la marcha con recuperación en tiempo variable, más allá de la convalecencia. La evaluación del estado funcional permite planear estrategias tendientes a cubrir limitaciones y necesidades del paciente y su familia en el post operatorio mediato.

  11. Evaluation of Rehabilitation Strategies and Management Schemes for the Improvement of Mangrove Management Programs in Lingayen Gulf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Severino Salmo III

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available We evaluated the mangrove rehabilitation strategies and management schemes in five municipalities in Lingayen Gulf (Bolinao, Anda, Bani, Alaminos and San Fernando. Mangrove planting appears to be the first and only option used in the area, ignoring other recommended management strategies, e.g. conservation, landscaping, and sustainable production. All planting sites were located in coastal fringes and are mostly monospeficic stands of the species Rhizophora mucronata. The planted mangroves were constrained by low seedling survival and stunted growth as probably caused by poor species-substrate matching, mono-species planting and pest infestations. Three management schemes were noted: community-managed (Bolinao and Anda, local government unit (LGU-managed (Alaminos and San Fernando, and co-managed between the LGU and the community (Bani. The community-managed mangrove areas have the benefits of voluntary efforts from community-based organizations in conducting daily management activities but were constrained with budgetary and logistical concerns. In contrast, both LGU-managed and co-managed areas received institutional and logistical supports from their respective municipal governments, but lacking community participation made mangrove management difficult. Almost two decades of mangrove management indeed helped improved the mangrove forest condition, at least in terms of forest structure. These projects demonstrated some level of success but also encountered several setbacks. Several lessons can be derived from these areas that can help improve the mangrove rehabilitation and management approaches in Lingayen Gulf. Among the recommendations are: (1 provide ordinance enacting the remaining natural secondary growth mangroves as marine protected areas, (2 promote planting in former mangrove areas by reverting abandoned, idled and unproductive aquaculture ponds to mangroves; (3 improve management schemes by formulating resource management plan

  12. ZONGULDAK BüKSITININ TERMAL OZELLIKIJERINE TANE BOYUTUNUN ETKISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. ALP

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Türkiye şu anda değerl endi rilerneyen diasporitik boksit cevherlerinin büyük bir potansiyeline sahiptir. Gelecekte alurnina üretiminde bu cevherlerin önem kazanacağı � açıktır. Zonguldak-Kokaksu bölgesi bo ksi tl erinin termal özelliklerinin ve tane boyutunun bu özelliklere etkisinin incelenmesi çalı şmarun ana amacıdır. Çalışmalarda kullanılan diasporitik baksit numuneleri -20+65, 65+ 100 ve -1 00+ 200 me sh boyutlannda olacak şekilde öğütülüp d enmişt ir. Tennal analiz çalışmalan dinamik metod ile gerçekleştirilıniştir. Üç numunenin kızduına kayıplan sırasıyla % 12.,3 6, o/o ll �63 ve %1 1,46 olarak bulun­n1uşıı.ır. D in amik metotla yapılan çal ı şm a la r da dife­ransiyel t er nı a l analiz (DT A, tennogravi metrik analiz (TG ve derivatogr afik t e nnogravil netr i k analiz (DTG e ğr i le ri aynı anda elde edilmiştir. Yapılan X-ışını analiz neticesi sonuc unda Zongul dak bak si ti nin bileşenleri kalitatif o l arak te spit edilmiştir.

  13. The effect of acupuncture treatment for insomnia in chronic hemodialysis patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widjaja, J. A.; Simadibrata, C.; Srilestari, A.; Marbun, M. B. H.

    2017-08-01

    Insomnia is a problem often experienced by patients on chronic dialysiswhich reduces their quality of life. Current management of insomnia with this specific group of patients has yet to produce optimum results. In this study, we explored the roleof acupuncture as a treatment for symptoms of insomnia in patients on chronic dialysis. Twenty-eight hemodialysis patients suffering from insomnia were divided randomly into two groups, an acupuncture group (n = 15) who received acupuncture treatment at the points HT7 Shenmen, PC6 Neiguan, GV20 Baihui, and EX-HN1 Sishenchong, anda control group (n = 13) who underwenta sham procedure in which a needle was inserted into an elastic bandage at the same points. The acupuncture treatment was done during hemodialysis twice a week for five weeks. PSQI scores and the WHOQOL-BREF were assessed before treatment, after the fifth treatment, and at the end of the treatment. Significant differences were found in the PSQI score ((4.20±2.27 vs. 11.23±3.37) p = 0.000) and in the WHOQOL-BREF ((94.53±10.08 vs. 82.69±11.90) p = 0.008) between the acupuncture group and the control group by the end of the period of treatment. Acupuncture treatment effectively improved the quality of sleep and the quality of life for these chronic hemodialysis patients.

  14. [Transciptome among Mexicans: a large scale methodology to analyze the genetics expression profile of simultaneous samples in muscle, adipose tissue and lymphocytes obtained from the same individual].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastarrachea, Raúl A; López-Alvarenga, Juan Carlos; Kent, Jack W; Laviada-Molina, Hugo A; Cerda-Flores, Ricardo M; Calderón-Garcidueñas, Ana Laura; Torres-Salazar, Amada; Torres-Salazar, Amanda; Nava-González, Edna J; Solis-Pérez, Elizabeth; Gallegos-Cabrales, Esther C; Cole, Shelley A; Comuzzie, Anthony G

    2008-01-01

    We describe the methodology used to analyze multiple transcripts using microarray techniques in simultaneous biopsies of muscle, adipose tissue and lymphocytes obtained from the same individual as part of the standard protocol of the Genetics of Metabolic Diseases in Mexico: GEMM Family Study. We recruited 4 healthy male subjects with BM1 20-41, who signed an informed consent letter. Subjects participated in a clinical examination that included anthropometric and body composition measurements, muscle biopsies (vastus lateralis) subcutaneous fat biopsies anda blood draw. All samples provided sufficient amplified RNA for microarray analysis. Total RNA was extracted from the biopsy samples and amplified for analysis. Of the 48,687 transcript targets queried, 39.4% were detectable in a least one of the studied tissues. Leptin was not detectable in lymphocytes, weakly expressed in muscle, but overexpressed and highly correlated with BMI in subcutaneous fat. Another example was GLUT4, which was detectable only in muscle and not correlated with BMI. Expression level concordance was 0.7 (p< 0.001) for the three tissues studied. We demonstrated the feasibility of carrying out simultaneous analysis of gene expression in multiple tissues, concordance of genetic expression in different tissues, and obtained confidence that this method corroborates the expected biological relationships among LEPand GLUT4. TheGEMM study will provide a broad and valuable overview on metabolic diseases, including obesity and type 2 diabetes.

  15. Congenital coronary-pulmonary artery fistula originating from right and left coronary artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Kemal Gür

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery fistula (CAF is a rare congenital anomalywith an incidence of 1 in 50 000 live births. The fistula wasobserved at the right coronary artery in 53%, the left coronaryartery in 42% and both coronary artery in 5% of thecases. Echocardiography examination in a 46 year-oldwoman with the symptoms of chest pain, palpitation anddyspnea revealed a severe mitral valve insufficiency anda moderate to severe tricuspid valve insufficiency. A CAForiginating from the proximal part of the left anterior descendingartery (LAD and another fistula originating fromosteal part of the right coronary artery (RCA were detectedby coronary angiography. Both fistulas were draininginto the main pulmonary artery. The coronary artery fistulaclosed under cardiopulmonary by-pass. Mitral insufficiencyoriginated from the posterior leaflet was diagnosedintra-operative exploration, and thereafter it was repairedwith mitral annuloplasty including a quadrangular resectionand use of a 32 No St Jude mitral ring. Tricuspid valvewas repaired with Calangos Ring annuloplasty. Followingsix day hospital stay, the woman was discharged free ofany symptom.Key words: Dyspnea, double arteriovenous fistula, mitral and tricuspid insufficiency

  16. Wideband PIFA antenna for higher LTE band applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Arturo Suárez-Fajardo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una antena plana F invertida (PIFA de b anda ancha con la técnica de excitación capacitiva en U para ap licaciones en la banda alta de LTE. La ante na propuesta se basa en una sim ple PIFA, donde las placas de excitación capacitiva, de radiaci ón y de tierra se modifican a una geometrí a en U de tal manera que la a ntena puede poseer características de ancho de banda amplio. Me diante el uso de la configuración de excitación propuesta, la antena mues tra un ancho de banda amplio de diagrama e impedancia del 81.6 % para un VSWR ≤ 2.0 desde 1.66GHz a 3.95GHz la cual puede cubrir apli caciones en la banda alta de LTE (1.71GHz3.8GHz, DCS 1800, DCS 1900, UCDMA, UMTS, IMT 2000, DMB, WiFi, 2.4GHz, WiMAX (2.3 –2.5 GHz, WiMAX (3.4–3 .5 GHz y Bl uetooth.

  17. Performance Dashboard pada Rumah Sakit Islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfan Ismail Sungkar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dashboard  sebagai  sarana  visualisasi  sederhana  tentang  indikator,  indikator  inilah  yang  diukur  kedalam  sebuah  satuan  yang  di visualisasikan dalam bentuk gambar dan angka. Dalam pembangunan aplikasi  performance  dashboard pada RSUI Harapan Anda Tegal akan  di  kaji  berdasarkan  KPI  (Key  Performance  Indicator  menurut  pengukuran  kinerja  Balanced  Scorecard  yang  dikembangkan menjadi beberapa perspektif diantaranya Perspektif Keuangan, Perspektif Pelanggan, Perspekif Mutu Proses, Perspektif Lingkungan dan Perspekif Pengembangan SDM. Dengan adanya  performance dashboard  yang dtujukan kepada  strategic level  maka dapat  membantu dalam  pengambilan  keputusan  dengan  ditampilkan  indikator-indikator  tersebut  dalam  warna  merah,  kuning,  hijau.  Dengan  indikator tersebut maka level strategic dapat mengambil keputusan yang berkaitan dengan inisiatif strategi.Kata kunci : Dashboad; KPI; Business Intelegent; Balanced Scorecard

  18. Sketch for a Verbal Theory of the Comedia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Zamora

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Theater is constituted by a double and correlative tension between auditory and visual elements, on one hand, and verbal and factual components, on the other. Due to restrictions in staging or to aesthetic preference, in the Spanish Golden Age Comedia there is an initial preference for auditory constituents over visual elements. However, this partiality does not entail, as could be expected from the double binary, a supremacy of the verbal over the factual, but rather requires an equivalence between both dimensions. Given the original diminished role of visual action, in the Spanish Comedia the word becomes the action; both are one and the same. From this hypothesis, I propose an analytical model wherein the play’s plot appears as set of verbal incidents that could be reduced to four: utterance of a statement, silence, correct and incorrect interpretation of an utterance. To prove or test the validity and the critical fruits of this theorization of the Comedia and the analytical method derived from it, the essay reviews (or better, rehears a corpus of representative plays: El médico de su honra, El desdén con el desdén, El condenado por desconfiado, and Entre bobos anda el juego.

  19. Tensile stress dependence of the magnetostatic interaction between Fe-rich wires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gawronski, P.; Zhukov, A.; Blanco, J.M.; Gonzalez, J.; KuIakowski, K.

    2005-01-01

    We study the influence of the applied tensile stress on the magnetostatic interaction between two amorphous Fe-rich wires. The hysteresis loop is measured for: (i) conventional wires produced by in-rotation-water method, with diameter of 125μm (ii) cold-drawn wires with diameter of 50μm. The stress dependence of the interaction field is evaluated from the shape of the hysteresis loops, which show characteristic two-step behaviour. These steps mark the values of the switching field of the wires. For the conventional wires the tensile stress dependence of the interaction field can be explained as a result of the tensile stress dependence of the magnetization. For the cold-drawn wires, the interaction field shows a maximum with the applied stress. This behaviour is interpreted as a consequence of a local variation of the domain structure at the wire ends. It modifies the stray field, and-as a consequence-the switching field of the neighbouring wire

  20. Controversial Embodiment: Sport, Masculinity, Dis/Ability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilena Parlati

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay is an attempt at investigating visible forms of complex, indeed controversial embodiment, with the specific intention of concentrating on the ways they interrogate delicate issues such as disability, masculinity and prosthetic sport performance. I intend to sound the shifting boundaries between dis-ability and super-ability as manifested in iconic figures such as Stelarc and, in other fields, Oscar Pistorius, whose unsteady position as privileged/disabled bladerunner seems to require – and indeed to gather – particularly intense scrutiny. I shall introduce a few contemporary discourses on corporeality and embodiment, which focus on the ‘troubling’ nature of auxiliary organs Freud refers to in the much contended paragraph I adopt as epigraph and guiding procedural light; I shall move from Butler and Giddens to Jean-Luc Nancy’s work on transplants and/as prostheses to include theoretical debates on disintegrating embodiment and disability studies, in order to proceed towards an analysis of the short-circuiting of allegedly secure practices of (masculine embodiment in sport culture and theory.

  1. Diabetik Ayak Sağaltımında Vakum Destekli Kapama (VAC) Metodu ve Debridmanın Birlikte Etkinliği

    OpenAIRE

    Fırat, Cemal; Aytekin, Ahmet Hamdi; Fırat, Serkan ErbaturCemal; Aytekin, Ahmet Hamdi; Erbatur, Serkan

    2015-01-01

    Amaç: Diabetik ayak ülserleri periferik nöropati, vasküler yetmezlik ve immün sistem bozukluklarından oluşan kısır döngünün sonucu olup enfeksiyon ve doku kayıplarına neden olmaktadır. Bu yıkıcı süreç cerrahi onarım seçeneklerini oldukça kısıtlamakta ve greftle onarım seçeneğini öne çıkarmaktadır. Greftlerin başarısı enfeksiyondan arındırılmış yeterli granülasyon dokusunun varlığına bağlıdır. Vakum yardımlı yara kapama sistemi (VAC) tedavisi bu iki etkiyi aynı anda sağlamada oldukça etkili ve...

  2. Microfinance: Diagnosis of the micro-business, medium-sized business and its financial technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Toledo Concha

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This research work shows how the financing for micro and small businesses in Peru has increased and has greatlyexpanded in the last few years, not only in institutions specialized in this field, focused their efforts in giving financialservices to businesspeople of micro and medium-sized business, but most of the so-called traditional banks havefocused their attention to this emerging sector using the know-how of microfinance lending technology, banking seekto work with people of low income sectors, that were not subject for credit opportunities to develop their business andas a consequence not able to improve their quality of life .Throughout this investigation, we make a diagnosis of macro and micro environment of the microfinance field, itsdevelopment and expectations for a strong presence in the Peruvian financial market. We consider the development oflending technology, where the analysis of the ability and willingness to pay are the fundamental basis for the evaluationof credits in specialized companies in this sector.

  3. Pharmaceutical quality by design: product and process development, understanding, and control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Lawrence X

    2008-04-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the pharmaceutical Quality by Design (QbD) and describe how it can be used to ensure pharmaceutical quality. The QbD was described and some of its elements identified. Process parameters and quality attributes were identified for each unit operation during manufacture of solid oral dosage forms. The use of QbD was contrasted with the evaluation of product quality by testing alone. The QbD is a systemic approach to pharmaceutical development. It means designing and developing formulations and manufacturing processes to ensure predefined product quality. Some of the QbD elements include: Defining target product quality profile; Designing product and manufacturing processes; Identifying critical quality attributes, process parameters, and sources of variability; Controlling manufacturing processes to produce consistent quality over time. Using QbD, pharmaceutical quality is assured by understanding and controlling formulation and manufacturing variables. Product testing confirms the product quality. Implementation of QbD will enable transformation of the chemistry, manufacturing, and controls (CMC) review of abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) into a science-based pharmaceutical quality assessment.

  4. Ethnopharmacological studies on the uses of Euphorbia hirta in the treatment of dengue in selected indigenous communities in Pangasinan (Philippines).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Guzman, Gerard Quinto; Dacanay, Aleth Therese Lora; Andaya, Benjel Andaya; Alejandro, Grecebio Jonathan Duran

    2016-01-01

    Euphorbia hirta is the most widely used plant in the folkloric treatment of dengue in the Philippines. This study documents the anecdotal uses of E. hirta in the treatment of dengue in 3 indigenous communities in Pangasinan from April to June of 2015. The number of use reports pertaining to symptoms of dengue and other diseases were tallied from 82 informants living in Anda Island, Mt. Colisao and Mt. Balungao. The demographics of the informants as well as the corrected major use agreements (cMUAs) and fidelity levels (FLs) of each reported symptom of dengue were calculated. The major dosage forms used during treatment were also tallied. Respondents, dominated by the age group 60-80 and mostly females with at least primary and secondary education, provided information on the use reports of E. hirta. High FL values and cMUA of at least 35% were obtained for cardinal symptoms of dengue-related to bleeding episodes while low cMUAs (i.e. 2-4%) were obtained for symptoms during the recovery phase. High FL values were obtained for symptoms observed during the febrile phase. The most widely used dosage forms are decoctions of the leaves and barks of E. hirta. This study was able to qualify the uses of E. hirta in the treatment of dengue in the 3 communities surveyed.

  5. Production of Λc+ hypernuclei in antiproton–nucleus collisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Shyam

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the production of charm-baryon hypernucleus OΛc+16 in the antiproton–O16 collisions within a fully covariant model that is based on an effective Lagrangian approach. The explicit Λ¯c−Λc+ production vertex is described by the t-channel D0 and D⁎0 meson-exchanges in the initial collision of the incident antiproton with one of the protons of the target nucleus. The Λc+ bound state spinors as well as the self-energies of the exchanged mesons employed in our calculations are derived from the quark–meson coupling model. The parameters of various vertices are taken to be the same as those used in our previous study of the elementary p¯+p→Λ¯c−+Λc+ reaction. We find that for antiproton beam momenta of interest to the P¯ANDA experiment, the 0∘ differential cross sections for the formation of OΛc+16 hypernuclear states with simple particle–hole configurations, have magnitudes in the range of a few μb/sr.

  6. Laura sin aura. La literatura después de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel García

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Para no andarme con rodeos innecesarios diré, ya de entrada y de forma abrupta, que el profesor Juan Carlos Rodríguez ha escrito, en otro golpe audaz de maestría, de gran maestría, un libro contra la Naturaleza Humana. O lo que es lo mismo, un libro a favor de la radical historicidad del discurso literario, como de cualquier otro discurso. Radical historicidad que anda lejos de ser, a estas alturas, una simple provocación para la historia, la teoría y la crítica literarias, por jugar con un famoso título de H. R. Jauss que no disgusta, como leemos en algún momento en este libro magnífico, al profesor Rodríguez. La posición, en el sentido althusseriano del término, la tesis de la radical historicidad de la literatura viene siendo empleada, con resultados deslumbrantes, por este infatigable trabajador teórico de la literatura desde hace casi cuarenta años; y sigue siendo tan válida y tan actual, a mi parecer, como el primer día.

  7. The Role of Regulatory Agencies and Intellectual Property: Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noonan, Kevin E.

    2015-01-01

    Patent law and antitrust law have traditionally been areas of the law involving at least some inherent tension. Champions of antitrust argue that the patent “monopoly” must be strictly limited as an exception to the general legal principle that competition should be unfettered. Patent lawyers argue that patents are the result of an exercise of congressional authority, enshrined in the Constitution, reflecting the policy decision by the Founders that granting a limited exclusionary right was justified by the public benefits derived from full disclosure of the patented invention. In the modern era these competing values have played out in the context of so-called ANDA litigation, involving disputes between branded pharmaceutical companies and generic competitors. Settlement of such litigation has been identified by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and private parties encouraged by the FTC’s position, as an antitrust violation, in large part because such settlements are viewed as frustrating the congressional purpose in promoting early generic competition. After almost a decade of fighting these battles in the federal courts, the Supreme Court addressed the issue directly. The result is that such settlements are not per se illegal but are also not protected by the presumption of patent validity for activities within the “scope of the patent.” Rather, the court decided that these agreements should be assessed for antitrust liability under the “rule of reason” used in other antitrust contexts. PMID:25775920

  8. Multicolor Graphic Picture With Original Ring Raster Element

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Ziljak Vujic

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with graphics and color rastering using new raster forms as well as raster combinations in vector anda pixel graphics, with combining both graphics in the same document. The unwanted increase or decrease of color coverage depends most of all on the fringe volume length bordering the raster element. The idea of this research work is to find a form alters in the least extent the raster element fringe volume in respect to its increase or decrease. The innovation in this research work is not only in the fact that the raster element's volume is altered in the minimal degree, but also that it does not change at all with the covering capacity increase or decrease. The solution led in the direction of creating such a raster element that has at least two independent shells where one increases in size together with the raster element increase, and the other one decreases when the raster element size increases. We have named this raster form as the ring form due to its similarity with a classical smooth ring.

  9. Silah, Tasarım ve Kalashnikov Ak-47

    OpenAIRE

    Güneş, Serkan

    2015-01-01

    Silah olgusu insanlığın varoluşundan bu yana saldırmanın ve korunmanın dolayısıyla;yaşamayı sürdürmenin temel araçlarından birisi olarak karşımıza çıkıyor. Medeniyetkavramı ve devletler silah üzerine inşa ediliyor, bekası silah ile korunuyor ve gereklikoşullar oluştuğunda silah vasıtası ile yayılıyor. Güvenlik, huzur ve tehditler için silahlartasarlanıyor, üretiliyor. Silah tasarımı, bekli de insanlık tarihinin en istikrarlı ve en uzuntasarım süreci. Milyonlarca yaratıcı beyin aynı anda öteki...

  10. Solar Powered Reverse Trash Vendo Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis John M. Rubio

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available –The study was conducted with the purpose of developing a Solar Powered Reverse Trash Vendo Machine that aims to encourage people to engage in recycling and to diminish the practice of improper waste disposal in thePhilippines. The device used a Gizduino X ATMega 1281 as its main processing module along with a Gizduino 644 microcontroller board, anda GSM Shield module for communication. Arduino1.6 IDE is used to program the Gizduinoboards. The device is powered by a 15V rechargeable battery, which is charged by a solar panel retrofitted at the roof of the device, this is to promote energy conservation, and green engineering principles in the development of the study.The device can process empty plastic bottles (500ml. max with a base diameter of 3.5 inches, and aluminium cans. These recyclable materials are placed inside the machine and is scanned, then crushed and placed in a bin. An inductive sensor is used to detect either the material is a plastic bottle or an aluminium can. To compensate the user for recycling, an equivalent monetary value will be dispensed. The owner of the device can check the status of the coin dispenser and bins through an Android messaging application developed using the Eclipse IDE and the Java programming language, and when a certain limit is reached by the coin dispenser or the trash bins, an automatic text message notification will be sent to the owner.

  11. Luminosity measurement at CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Karacheban, Olena

    2017-01-01

    Luminosity is a key quantity of any collider, since it allows for the determinationof the absolute cross sections from the observed rates in a detector. Since theHiggs boson discovery in 2012, the highest priority at the Large Hadron Collider(LHC) has been given to an accurate understanding of the electroweak scale anda search for new physics. Precise luminosity measurements in such conditions areof crucial importance, as they determine the precision of any physics cross sectionmeasurement.To increase the production of particles of interest, usually of low cross section,the LHC is running at the highest possible luminosity. After the first Long Shutdown (LS1) the original performance goal for the luminosity of 1 × 1034 cm−2 s−1was reached with 1011 protons per bunch and a bunch spacing of 25 ns. In suchconditions radiation hard detectors with extremely fast response time are required,especially for instrumentation near the beam.The Compact Muon Solenoid experiment is equipped with three online luminomet...

  12. Levi-Strauss : UNESCO = anthropology : politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljiljana Gavrilović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses Levi-Strauss engagement in UNESCO activities. On the one hand, Levi-Strauss engagement in Pakistan had an important impact on his later work, as well as on his overall view about the world and culture( s; while on the other, Levi-Strauss’s definitions of the relationship between race/nation and culture had an important influence on the ways in which UNESCO dealt with the ideas about culture and on the ways these ideas were implemented in its global strategies of action in/towards culture. On the one hand, this engagement included a delivery of the European world view (as a superior one to everyone who does not have it; while on the other, it also meant a protection of material remains of different cultures world-wide and protection of non-material heritage and/as entire "Othern-ness", whenever it is located, and (at least in theory however it looks like. In that sense, Levi- Strauss public engagement had an important impact not only on anthropology, as a discipline that he dedicated his life to, but also to the formation of contemporary understanding of politically correct relationship towards the "Other".

  13. Imágenes de culto y factores de alteración en las Hermandades y Cofradías sevillanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Antonio Aguilar Jiménez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las Hermandades y Cofradías están entre las corporaciones religiosas que más patrimonio artístico y cultural han generado dentro de la Iglesia en Andalucía con una utilidad fundamental: tributar culto público a sus imágenes titulares. Su actividad vital comprende una constante sucesión de actos y cultos que suponen para sus imágenes manipulaciones por las que frecuentemente abandonan su lugar permanente para ocupar altares efímeros, pasos o andas, además de los respectivos cambios de vestimentas. Estos preparativos son abordados por cada una de las corporaciones con medios que dependerán de sus posibilidades o recursos humanos, económicos y materiales. Algunas de ellas elaboran unos protocolos de actuación y mecanismos muy sofisticados que aseguran la correcta manipulación de sus imágenes, sin embargo, otras muchas siguen poniendo en práctica una metodología menos ortodoxa basada en la tradición transmitida de generación en generación, que llegan a exponerlas a situaciones en las que corre peligro su integridad física.

  14. En İyi İçerik Pazarlama: THY’den Örnekler = Best Content Marketing Cases From Turkish Airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Durceylan, Ayşe Nur

    2016-01-01

    Ayşe Nur Durceylan; Üretim Yönetimi ve Pazarlama eğitiminden sonra, Pazarlama üzerine yükseklisans yapan Durceylan, Turkcell ve Eti'de stajını tamamlamasının ardından Türk Hava Yolları'nda Performans ve İş Geliştirme alanında uzman olarak çalışmaya başlamıştır. 2 yıllık bu deneyiminin ardından, 2012 başında THY'de İnteraktif Pazarlama ve İletişim Müdürlüğü'nde Uzman olarak iş hayatına devam etmeye başlayan Durceylan halen bu görevini devam ettirmektedir. Şu anda Asya ve Uzakdoğu bölgesinde s...

  15. Legal Issues of A Surrogacy Contract Based on Iranian Acts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Pirouz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Assistive technologies have always opened new horizons in human's life, posed solutions to problemsand brought relief and prosperity for human beings. Iranian judicial authorities have recently recognizedthe importance of medical technologies. Accordingly, Iranian legal system has recognized surrogacy anda surrogacy contract seems unavoidable for surrogacy to be legally valid, socially acceptable andreligiously legitimate. As a legal defense of including a typical surrogacy contract in contract law, thisreview studies the four building blocks of a valid contract: the intention and consent of parties, theirlegal capacity, the subject of the contract and its legitimacy. Discussing related Iranian Acts concerningcontracts and responsibilities of parties, the authors of the present article deal with main commitmentsand responsibilities of the parties to a typical surrogacy contract: infertile couples, surrogate, fertilityclinic or medical institute, and surrogate's husband. The authors conclude that a surrogacy contract isaccepted based on article 10 of Iranian Civil Act 1928, pose some suggestions to be included in such acontract, and emphasize that a specific Act concerning surrogacy should be approved to cover rights andlegal needs of all parties to a surrogacy contract.

  16. Evaluation of metered dose inhaler spray velocities using phase Doppler anemometry (PDA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaofei; Doub, William H; Guo, Changning

    2012-02-28

    Droplet velocity is an important parameter which can significantly influence inhalation drug delivery performance. Together with the droplet size, this parameter determines the efficiency of the deposition of MDI products at different sites within the lungs. In this study, phase Doppler anemometry (PDA) was used to investigate the instantaneous droplet velocity emitted from MDIs as well as the corresponding droplet size distribution. The nine commercial MDI products surveyed showed significantly different droplet velocities, indicating that droplet velocity could be used as a discriminating parameter for in vitro testing of MDI products. The droplet velocity for all tested MDI products decreased when the testing distance was increased from 3 cm to 6 cm from the front of mouthpiece, with CFC formulations showing a larger decrease than HFA formulations. The mean droplet diameters of the nine MDIs were also significantly different from one-another. Droplet size measurements made using PDA (a number-based technique) could not be directly compared to results obtained using laser light scattering measurements (a volume-based technique). This work demonstrates that PDA can provide unique information useful for characterizing MDI aerosol plumes and evaluating MDI drug delivery efficiency. PDA could also aid the evaluation of in vitro equivalence in support of formulation or manufacturing changes and in evaluation of abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for MDIs. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  17. Mite Pests in Plant Crops – Current Issues, Inovative Approaches and Possibilities for Controlling Them (2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radmila Petanović

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Part one discusses some principal mite pests in agroecosystems and urban horticulturein European countries, Serbia and its neighbouring countries focusing primarily on issueswith regard to plant production, novel methods and approaches in applied acaralogy. Parttwo displays some major properties of acaricides inhibiting respiration, growth and developmentand other synthetic substances with acaricide action on the market in the last decadeof the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Also some products of naturalorigin (azadirachtin, oils, micoacaricides are said to be gaining in importance. Issues withregard to the fact that mites can readily develop resistance to acardicides are discussed anda survey on the results of biochemical, physiological and genetical causes of resistance areanalyzed. Some basic principles of biological control of phytophagous mites and modernadvances and approaches are discussed as well as current knowledge on host plant resistanceto mites. Eventually, the possibility of using a combination of selective acaricides andbiological control agents is discussed but also the inclusion of other modes of control (agriculturalpractices and physical measures expected to contribute to an integrated managementof pest populations.

  18. Efektivitas Amelioran pada Lahan Gambut Terdegradasi untuk Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan dan Serapan NPK Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays L. var. saccharata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Maftu’ah

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of several of ameliorant formulas to increase plant growthand NPK uptake on sweet corn (Zea mays L. var. saccharata on degraded peatlands. The research was conducted in thegreenhouse of Balittra during May to July 2011. Sweet corn was planted in pot with soil taken from previously burnt peatin Kalampangan, Palangkaraya. The treatment consisted of two factors, i.e., combination of ameliorant (A1=80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite, A2=80% agricultural weeds + 20% dolomite, A3=80% mineral soil (Spodosol + 20% dolomite,A4=20% chicken manure + 20% agricultural weeds + 20% Eleocharis dulcis + 20% mineral soil + 20% dolomite, andA5=19% chicken manure + 71.5% mineral soil + 9.5% dolomite and application rates at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 ton ha-1, arranged in a randomized complete block design, with 3 replications. The results showed that ameliorants and application rates affected growth and NPK uptake of sweet corn. Application of 20 ton ameliorant (80% chicken manure + 20% dolomite ha-1 produced the highest dry weight of root and shoot, and NPK uptake.Keywords: ameliorants, degraded peatland, nitrogen, phosphate, potassium

  19. INDEPENDENT COMMISSIONER, INSTITUTIONAL OWNERSHIP AND FINANCIAL DISTRESS BANKS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isnalita Isnalita

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aim to determine the effect of independent commissioner and institutional ownershipto financial distress banks in Indonesia. The existence of the banking crisis occurred in 1997/1998resulted the collapse of public confidence in banking industry. In 2008, the scale, pattern, anda different scope, we face the reality that seems similar to the condition of the banks in the endof 1997. Financial distress experienced is not only caused by external factors stemming fromthe bank but also can be caused by internal factors. On the other hand, the financial distress inthe banking sector can be caused by governance are not good in running the bank’s operations.This study used a quantitative approach. The unit of analysis is the banks in Indonesia with dataobtained from directory of Bank Indonesia in 2008-2009. The research sampling techniques use saturated sampling or census. Research design use multiple logistic regression with the cross section. The result from this study indicated that independent commissioners and institutionalownership cannot prevent the financial distress in 2008 and 2009.

  20. The Silent Language of an Artificial Body

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alina Maria Hrisca

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some alterations of body language, due to the interventions in/on thebody. Body language has been theorized a lot in the last decades, and one of the most importantauthors we will refer to is Paul Ekman and his micro-expressions theory. Ekman tried to give auniversaldecoderof involuntary face reactions, and this is important now more than ever, becausemicro-expression are more and more diminished, due to the latest chemical and technicalinterventions in/on the body (especially the face.Using observation and some new works in thefields of both philosophy and sociology, we will analyze the effects on body-language of thesealterations ofthe body.Minimizing a lot the micro-gestures and face-expressions, as well as stressingthe functional aspect of an artificial body, body-language has a lot to suffer. It gets reduced andpeople begin toreadbodies only through their presence, not by their expressions. Standardization anda very simplified body-language and non-verbal cues are also consequences of an artificial body.Allof this makes body-language hard to express and at the same time hard todecode. This paper stressesthe effects thatan artificial body has on body-language, and also the importance of choosing a rightpath in the future interventions in/over the body.

  1. The Role of Regulatory Agencies and Intellectual Property: Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noonan, Kevin E

    2015-03-16

    Patent law and antitrust law have traditionally been areas of the law involving at least some inherent tension. Champions of antitrust argue that the patent "monopoly" must be strictly limited as an exception to the general legal principle that competition should be unfettered. Patent lawyers argue that patents are the result of an exercise of congressional authority, enshrined in the Constitution, reflecting the policy decision by the Founders that granting a limited exclusionary right was justified by the public benefits derived from full disclosure of the patented invention. In the modern era these competing values have played out in the context of so-called ANDA litigation, involving disputes between branded pharmaceutical companies and generic competitors. Settlement of such litigation has been identified by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and private parties encouraged by the FTC's position, as an antitrust violation, in large part because such settlements are viewed as frustrating the congressional purpose in promoting early generic competition. After almost a decade of fighting these battles in the federal courts, the Supreme Court addressed the issue directly. The result is that such settlements are not per se illegal but are also not protected by the presumption of patent validity for activities within the "scope of the patent." Rather, the court decided that these agreements should be assessed for antitrust liability under the "rule of reason" used in other antitrust contexts. Copyright © 2015 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press; all rights reserved.

  2. Global challenges in the risk assessment of nanomaterials: Relevance to South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Gulumian

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Internationally, there are efforts to develop standardised toxicity testing and risk assessmentmethods for engineered nanomaterials (ENMs. To this end, health risk assessments need tobe conducted on ENMs synthesised in South Africa. Country-specific risk characterisationrequires specific exposure assessments for those ENMs for which the likelihood exists foroccupational and environmental exposure in that country. A challenge in hazard identificationand risk assessment related to ENMs, regardless of country of origin, is that data on toxicity,carcinogenicity, pharmacokinetics, and occupational or environmental exposure are generallynot available for most ENMs. Although the mechanisms previously identified as importantin the toxicity and carcinogenicity of particles and fibres may be applicable, the possibilityexists that the unusual physicochemical properties of ENMs may give rise to unique, andas yet unidentified, adverse effects. Moreover, generalised exposure scenarios that considerthe life cycle of the agent have not been developed and are needed for the complete riskcharacterisation of ENMs. As health risk assessment is both resource and labour intensive, it isimperative to identify the aims of such an exercise prior to embarking on large-scale projects,to ensure that the data most useful for public health decision-making is provided. Identifyingpriorities in South Africa, in coordination with international efforts, can facilitate the effectiveuse of research efforts for risk assessment and risk management decision-making.

  3. Wigs, laughter, and subversion: Charles Busch and strategies of drag performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niles, Richard

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the strategies of drag performer/ playwright Charles Busch. His performance aesthetic is explored and shown to be subversive even though its initial impulse is to entertain. Basing my arguments on the work of Judith Butler, Elin Diamond, and others, I argue that drag queens like Busch can not only entertain but also make audiences question and criticize through drag's power to create a Brechtian alienation effect and historicize the subject. After showing how he can be viewed as a drag queen, I give a brief biography and discuss such contested terms as "camp" and "gay sensibility." I then focus on Busch's staged reading of Ibsen's Hedda Gahler andA Doll's House, both done in one afternoon at Theatre for The New City (6 May 2000). By examining the performance of Busch and his fellow actors, I demonstrate how a contemporary relevancy is achieved by having the roles played by a female impersonator whose acting choices are filtered through a gay sensibility. The ongoing dialectic between spectator and performer creates a historicized moment in performance that underscores the gender dynamics in unexpected and stimulating ways.

  4. TULEVIKU TULEKUST: TULEVIKULISUSE VÄLJENDAMISEST MEIE ESIMESTES PIIBLITÕLGETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annika Kilgi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Eesti keelde Piiblit tõlkima hakates tuli otsustada, kuidas anda lähteteksti rohkeid tulevikuvorme edasi maakeeles, milles puudus morfoloogiline futuurum. Teekonnal esimese täispiiblini tehti selles osas põhimõtteliselt erinevaid otsuseid. 17. sajandi algul Georg Müller oma jutlustes saama-tulevikku ei kasutanud, 1630.–1680. aastate piibliversioonides aga anti tulevikusündmusi edasi peamiselt just selle saksa werden-futuurumi eeskujulise konstruktsiooniga. 17. sajandi lõpus, Müncheni käsikirjast alates loobuti taas saama-futuurumist täiesti ning kasutati tuleviku vahendamiseks senisest märksa rohkem hoopis pidama-tarindeid ja kindla kõneviisi olevikuvorme. Põhimõttelise muudatusena paistab silma veel konstruktsiooni võtma + da-infinitiiv varasemast sagedasem kasutus redaktsioonides, mida toimetasid 1720.–1730. aastatel täispiibli keelele lõpliku kuju andnud pietistid. Neutraalse tähendusega puhast tulevikutarindit ei õnnestunud siiski ühelgi tõlkijal leida. Saama-tuleviku massiline kasutus oli võõrapärane, ülejäänud väljendusviiside (nt pidama-,tahtma-, hakkama-, algama- ja võtma-konstruktsiooni tarvitusala jällegi liiga lai. See, et pidama-tarindiga tõlgiti alates Müncheni käsikirjast ka paljusid lähtekeeles modaalvarjundita tulevikuvorme, on võrreldav varasema saama-konstruktsiooniga liialdamisega.

  5. The Influence of Self-Regard on Response of Belief in God and Awareness of Prophetic Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Tekke

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Personality and religion relationship has long been studied by Western and Muslim researchers in order to find any association between religious factors anda person's behavior and thought. The present study sought to expand research by investigating the differences in the latent factors, namely Tawhid (Belief in God, Nubuwwa(Awareness of Prophetic Teaching, Self-striving, and Self-regard, in a newly developed scale of Integrative Islamic Personality Inventory (IIPI. The sample of this study was a group of undergraduate students (n= 1235 in ten universities in Turkey. Data were analyzed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling. The main goal of this study was to investigate the statistical properties of this scale and examine if it could be applied across university students. It is apparent that Belief in God and Awareness of Prophetic Teaching, Self-regard and Self-striving represent psychological and social implications for individuals.  Thus, the model of this research makes an important contribution to understanding and predicting how Muslims think, act, and experience Islam.

  6. Generic Pharmaceutical Association (GPhA) - 2015 Annual Meeting (February 9-11, 2015 - Miami Beach, Florida, USA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowman, M

    2015-02-01

    The Generic Pharmaceutical Association (GPhA) chairman Craig Wheeler (Momenta Pharmaceuticals), welcomed attendees to the 2015 Annual Meeting by reflecting on the contributions of the generic industry over the past year and some of the challenges that lie ahead. In 2014, 86% of prescriptions dispensed in the U.S. were generic, contributing to the USD 1.4 trillion savings generated by the industry since its inception; however, there are still many challenges to face, including consolidation of customers, lag in Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) approval timelines, restrictive Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) programs and labeling legislations. The continued drive into the branded business by many GPhA member companies has resulted in the association planning a structural division for companies involved in biologic and biosimilar products. During the 3-day meeting, attendees listened to expert panels discuss major business, regulatory and market trends developing in the generic industry, with insights from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and market analysts. The meeting also provided attendees with numerous opportunities to socialize and network with key decision makers in the industry. Copyright 2015 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  7. Simulation of space-charge effects in an ungated GEM-based TPC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Böhmer, F.V., E-mail: felix.boehmer@tum.de; Ball, M.; Dørheim, S.; Höppner, C.; Ketzer, B.; Konorov, I.; Neubert, S.; Paul, S.; Rauch, J.; Vandenbroucke, M.

    2013-08-11

    A fundamental limit to the application of Time Projection Chambers (TPCs) in high-rate experiments is the accumulation of slowly drifting ions in the active gas volume, which compromises the homogeneity of the drift field and hence the detector resolution. Conventionally, this problem is overcome by the use of ion-gating structures. This method, however, introduces large dead times and restricts trigger rates to a few hundred per second. The ion gate can be eliminated from the setup by the use of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) foils for gas amplification, which intrinsically suppress the backflow of ions. This makes the continuous operation of a TPC at high rates feasible. In this work, Monte Carlo simulations of the buildup of ion space charge in a GEM-based TPC and the correction of the resulting drift distortions are discussed, based on realistic numbers for the ion backflow in a triple-GEM amplification stack. A TPC in the future P{sup ¯}ANDA experiment at FAIR serves as an example for the experimental environment. The simulations show that space charge densities up to 65 fC cm{sup −3} are reached, leading to electron drift distortions of up to 10 mm. The application of a laser calibration system to correct these distortions is investigated. Based on full simulations of the detector physics and response, we show that it is possible to correct for the drift distortions and to maintain the good momentum resolution of the GEM-TPC.

  8. Simulation of space-charge effects in an ungated GEM-based TPC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Böhmer, F.V.; Ball, M.; Dørheim, S.; Höppner, C.; Ketzer, B.; Konorov, I.; Neubert, S.; Paul, S.; Rauch, J.; Vandenbroucke, M.

    2013-01-01

    A fundamental limit to the application of Time Projection Chambers (TPCs) in high-rate experiments is the accumulation of slowly drifting ions in the active gas volume, which compromises the homogeneity of the drift field and hence the detector resolution. Conventionally, this problem is overcome by the use of ion-gating structures. This method, however, introduces large dead times and restricts trigger rates to a few hundred per second. The ion gate can be eliminated from the setup by the use of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) foils for gas amplification, which intrinsically suppress the backflow of ions. This makes the continuous operation of a TPC at high rates feasible. In this work, Monte Carlo simulations of the buildup of ion space charge in a GEM-based TPC and the correction of the resulting drift distortions are discussed, based on realistic numbers for the ion backflow in a triple-GEM amplification stack. A TPC in the future P ¯ ANDA experiment at FAIR serves as an example for the experimental environment. The simulations show that space charge densities up to 65 fC cm −3 are reached, leading to electron drift distortions of up to 10 mm. The application of a laser calibration system to correct these distortions is investigated. Based on full simulations of the detector physics and response, we show that it is possible to correct for the drift distortions and to maintain the good momentum resolution of the GEM-TPC

  9. Õpetajate-õpilaste interaktsioon ja sisuloome suhtlusportaalides: õpetajate arvamused ja kogemused

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Räim

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Artikli eesmärk on anda ülevaade õpetajate arvamustest ja kogemustest, mis puudutavad õpetajate ja õpilaste interaktsiooni ja sisuloomet suhtlusportaalides. Fookusgrupi intervjuudes nelja kooli keskkooliõpetajatega (N = 21 uuriti, milliseid erinevusi on õpetajad täheldanud enda ja õpilaste loodud veebisisus ning millistel juhtudel ja mil viisil on õpetajad pidanud vajalikuks õpilaste suhtlusportaalide postitustele reageerida. Muu hulgas sooviti teada, millistele alustele tugineb õpetaja-õpilase suhtlusportaali sõprus ning kas õpetajad tunnevad vajadust sotsiaalmeedia suhtlust suunavate käitumisjuhiste järele. Intervjuude kvalitatiivsest sisuanalüüsist nähtub, et õpetajate arvates jagavad õpilased suhtlusportaalides liigselt privaatset infot, mistõttu pidasid nad enda kohuseks ebasobivaid postitusi märgates õpilaste sisuloomesse sekkuda. Õpetajad võtsid ka suhtlusportaalides endale õpilaste harija ja mentori rolli ning soovisid oma veebikäitumisega pakkuda eeskuju, samas ei adunud nad täiel määral õpetaja-õpilase veebisuhtluse võimalikke tagajärgi. Õpetaja-õpilase veebisuhtlust reguleerivate käitumisjuhiste järele aga vajadust ei nähtud. Uuringu tulemused viitavad veebisisu loomega kaasnevatele põlvkondlikele erinevustele ning avavad õpetajate-õpilaste probleeme suhtlusportaali auditooriumi tajumisel. Summary

  10. MANAGING PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT IN PERI-URBAN AREAS OF KUMASI, GHANA: A CASE OF ABUAKWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Amoateng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A remarkable trait of the 21 st century has been the high rate of urbanization which has characterized the growth and development of cities especially in developing countries. This situation has fuelled rapid physical development and expansion of peri-urban areas as urban dwellers relocate to cities’ peripheries. Focusing on Abuakwa a peri-urban area in Kumasi, the second largest city in Ghana, this paper assesses the nature and extent of physical development in peri-urban areas, and identifies the factors contributing to the rapid development of peri-urban areas. The paper further examines the effects of the increasing physical growth on the development of peri-urban Abuakwa. Using a case study approach, both primary and secondary sources of data were collected from decentralized government institutions of Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA and Atwima Nwabiagya District Assembly (ANDA, as well as indigenes and relocated urban dwellers in Abuakwa. The paper reveals that the outward drift has manifested itself in an increased scramble for land for residential and commercial purposes in the peri-urban area. The resultant effect has been the fast and spontaneous physical development in the urban periphery which has significantly altered the peri-urban morphology. The paper recommends the establishment of Customary Land Secretariat (CLS to co-ordinate allocation of land, and the application of settlement growth management approaches to ensure the creation of a functional city and liveable peri-urban areas.

  11. O Sol Laranja e Negro de João Cabral de Melo Neto

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    Luciana Tiscoski

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O poeta pernambucano João Cabral de Melo Neto publica Sevilha andando em 1990, já aposentado da carreira diplomática que lhe possibilitou o contato com a cidade e o povo sevilhano, desde 1956, quando trabalha em pesquisas históricas no Arquivo das Índias de Sevilha. Após ter morado em cidades como Londres, Marselha e Barcelona, é transferido para a andaluza Cadiz, e novamente reside em Sevilha em 1962. Tendo ainda passado no decorrer de sua carreira diplomática por Berna, Senegal e Honduras, é a Andaluzia que se estabelece como lugar da linguagem poética e concreta, eleita Sevilha a cidade onde os elementos de sua poesia se realizam em lâmina, pedra, o sol laranja e negro, a mulher que anda. Sevilha andando e Andando Sevilha finalizam sua produção poética e reproduzem em serena e bruta semelhança o homem da terra que lhe remete ao sertanejo, a Pernambuco, a Recife.

  12. USULAN PERBAIKAN KESELAMATAN KERJA MENGGUNAKAN METODE JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS (JSA DAN FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS (FMEA

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    Ariel Levi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available PT Prima Utama Mitra Anda adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang industri pembuatan box karoseri. Proses produksinya banyak menggunakan alat atau mesin yang dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan kerja. Data perusahaan menunjukkan terdapat 73 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2013 dan 107 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2014. Dengan demikian, perlu dilakukan tindakan perbaikan guna menghindari terjadinya kerugian. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode Job Safety Analysis (JSA dengan pendekatan metode Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA. Berdasarkan tahapan JSA, terdapat 86 jenis kecelakaan kerja dan diperoleh 5 pekerjaan kritis untuk dianalisis menggunakan metode FMEA. Setelah dilakukan perhitungan RPN, didapatkan 3 pekerjaan dengan tingkat kecelakaan paling tinggi, yaitu pekerjaan menggunakan mesin saw blade, pekerjaan menggunakan mesin las dan pekerjaan menggunakan mesin bor. Selanjutnya, pekerjaan tersebut diberi rekomendasi perbaikan berupa penyusunan Instruksi Kerja (IK. IK berisi langkah dasar pekerjaan, potensi bahaya, serta tata cara kerja yang benar. Selain menyusun IK, tingkat disiplin kerja juga perlu diperhatikan untuk membuktikan penyebab pasti kecelakaan kerja. Tingkat disiplin kerja dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, yaitu tujuan dan kemampuan, teladan pimpinan, balas jasa, keadilan, pengawasan melekat, sanksi hukuman, ketegasan, dan hubungan kemanusiaan. Selain faktor-faktor tersebut, tingkat disiplin kerja dapat dibentuk melalui 2 cara, yaitu dengan disiplin preventif dan disiplin korektif.

  13. Between Two Worlds: an Ethnographic Study of Gay Consumer Culture in Rio de Janeiro

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    Severino Joaquim Nunes Pereira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is not easy to study socially marginalized groups such as gays, ethnic minorities, and others. This is, however,an extremely relevant topic in the consumer behavior area since the status of members of a modern consumersociety is largely denied to stigmatized social groups (Barbosa, 2006. The objective of this work is to shed lighton how gay men in Rio de Janeiro use the discourse associated with their possessions to build and maintain thesymbolic and hierarchical boundaries between the gay and heterosexual worlds, as well as to investigate the roleconsumption plays in this boundary setting. An ethnographic observation of a group of gay men in Rio deJaneiro was conducted, along with 20 semi-structured interviews with openly gay men between 2005 and 2008.The results suggest that: (a the world culturally built by gays seems to be divided into a gay world and aheterosexual world, where the division between these two worlds not only happens in their minds, but also intheir possessions and purchasing decisions; (b the meaning of gay mens’ places of consumption range fromprofane to sacred along their lives; and (c in the gay world, the body is seen both as a cultural construction andas an asset.

  14. Liposomal Drug Product Development and Quality: Current US Experience and Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Mamta; Lee, Sau L; Tyner, Katherine M

    2017-05-01

    Research in the area of liposomes has grown substantially in the past few decades. Liposomes are lipid bilayer structures that can incorporate drug substances to modify the drug's pharmacokinetic profile thereby improving drug delivery. The agency has received over 400 liposomal drug product submissions (excluding combination therapies), and there are currently eight approved liposomal drug products on the US market. In order to identify the pain points in development and manufacturing of liposomal drug products, a retrospective analysis was performed from a quality perspective on submissions for new and generic liposomal drug products. General analysis on liposomal drug product submissions was also performed. Results indicated that 96% of the submissions were Investigational New Drug (IND) applications, 3% were New Drug Applications (NDAs), and the remaining 1% was Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs). Doxorubicin hydrochloride was the most commonly used drug substance incorporated into the liposomes (31%). The majority of the liposomal products were administered via intravenous route (84%) with cancer (various types) being the most common indication (63%). From a quality perspective, major challenges during the development of liposomal drug products included identification and (appropriate) characterization of critical quality attributes of liposomal drug products and suitable control strategies during product development. By focusing on these areas, a faster and more efficient development of liposomal drug products may be achieved. Additionally, in this way, the drug review process for such products can be streamlined.

  15. Rancang bantun industri kecil suku cadang / komponen kulit teknis untuk industri tekstil

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    Suliestiyah Wiryodiningrat

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research is to find out proses of production and relation between cost, Selling price anda break even point (BEP. Product specification is space parts for Textile industries i.e.Picker, Buffer, Bumper leather, Sweel leather, Box front leather, Stick Bumper and Tension brake leather. The production capacity is 700 units per-day, so that in one year is 210.000 units. The economical analysis showed that Total Captal (fixed capital and working capital =Rp. 149.189.750.00. Total production cost per-year (fixed cost and variable cost Rp. 364.939.375.00. The manufacturing cost = Rp. 12.165 for 7 spareparts. Profit calculation before taxing = Rp. 57.310.625.00 and after taxing Rp. 45.848.500.00. Percentage of the pay out periode calculation of profit to return the capital (rate of return. Before taxing is 38.40%, after 30.73%. equal with 2 years 6 months (before taxing and after taxing is 3 years. The break even point calculation = Rp. 207.347.274,00 (49,10% and the capacity is 14.732 units.

  16. The 2015 Annual Meeting of SETAC German Language Branch in Zurich (7-10 September, 2015): Ecotoxicology and environmental chemistry-from research to application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, Inge; Aldrich, Annette; Becker, Benjamin; Becker, Dennis; Brinkmann, Markus; Burkhardt, Michael; Caspers, Norbert; Campiche, Sophie; Chèvre, Nathalie; Düring, Rolf-Alexander; Escher, Beate I; Fischer, Fabian; Giebner, Sabrina; Heye, Katharina; Hollert, Henner; Junghans, Marion; Kienle, Cornelia; Knauer, Katja; Korkaric, Muris; Märkl, Veronika; Muncke, Jane; Oehlmann, Jörg; Reifferscheid, Georg; Rensch, Daniel; Schäffer, Andreas; Schiwy, Sabrina; Schwarz, Simon; Segner, Helmut; Simon, Eszter; Triebskorn, Rita; Vermeirssen, Etiënne L M; Wintgens, Thomas; Zennegg, Markus

    2016-01-01

    This report provides a brief review of the 20th annual meeting of the German Language Branch of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC GLB) held from September 7th to 10th 2015 at ETH (Swiss Technical University) in Zurich, Switzerland. The event was chaired by Inge Werner, Director of the Swiss Centre for Applied Ecotoxicology (Ecotox Centre) Eawag-EPFL, and organized by a team from Ecotox Centre, Eawag, Federal Office of the Environment, Federal Office of Agriculture, and Mesocosm GmbH (Germany). Over 200 delegates from academia, public agencies and private industry of Germany, Switzerland and Austria attended and discussed the current state of science and its application presented in 75 talks and 83 posters. In addition, three invited keynote speakers provided new insights into scientific knowledge 'brokering', and-as it was the International Year of Soil-the important role of healthy soil ecosystems. Awards were presented to young scientists for best oral and poster presentations, and for best 2014 master and doctoral theses. Program and abstracts of the meeting (mostly in German) are provided as Additional file 1.

  17. Attractiveness-Based Airline Network Models with Embedded Spill and Recapture

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    Desmond Di Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In airline revenue management, the modeling of the spill and recapture effects is essential for an accurate estimation of the passenger flow and the revenue in a flight network. However, as most current approaches toward spill and recapture involve either non-linearity or a tremendous amount of additional variables, it is computationally intractable to apply those techniques to the classical network design and capacity planning models.Design/methodology: We present a new framework that incorporates the spill and recapture effects, where the spill from an itinerary is recaptured by other itineraries based on their attractiveness. The presented framework distributes the accepted demand of an itinerary according to the currently available itineraries, without adding extra variables for the recaptured spill. Due to its compactness, we integrate the framework with the classical capacity planning and network design models.Findings: Our preliminary computational study shows an increase of 1.07% in profitability anda better utilization of the network capacity, on a medium-size North American airline provided by Sabre Airline Solutions.Originality/value: Our investigation leads to a holistic model that tackles the network design and capacity planning simultaneously with an accurate modeling of the spill and re- capture effects.Furthermore, the presented framework for spill and recapture is versatile and can be easily applied to other disciplines such as the hospitality industry and product line design (PLD problems.

  18. Neuroendocrine brake for the treatment of morbid obesity. Preliminary report

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    Aureo Ludovico de Paula

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To demonstrate the preliminary results of a newtechnique named neuroendocrine brake, for surgical treatment ofmorbid obesity. Methods: In November 2003, three patientsunderwent the neuroendocrine brake operation performed by thelaparoscopic approach. The mean age was 46.4 years; all patientswere female. Mean BMI was 42.3 kg/m2. The patients selectedpresented some relative or absolute contraindications to the useof gastrointestinal bypass techniques, including gastric ulcer anda family history of gastric malignancy(1 and chronic anemia (2.All patients had associated diseases, including type II diabetesmellitus (2, hypertension (2, obstructive sleep apnea (1,dyslipidemia (3, cholecystolithiasis (1, gastric ulcer (1 andchronic anemia (2. The laparoscopic technique consisted of anileal interposition at the proximal jejunum and longitudinalgastrectomy. Results: There was no conversion to open surgery orpostoperative complications. Sixteen months later, the meanpercentage of initial body weight loss was 44.6% and the meanBMI was 24.3 kg/m2. Glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol levelswere normalized, and sleep apnea showed remission. Conclusion:In spite of the reduced number of patients and short term followup, the good results suggest that the neuroendocrine brake maybecome an option for surgical treatment of morbid obesity in thenear future.

  19. Eesti lastekeele korpuse morfoloogilise märgendamise kitsaskohtadest

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    Kristiina Vaik

    2017-05-01

    of morphological annotation in the future. Artikli eesmärk on anda ülevaade sellest, mis raskendab avalikult kättesaadava eesti lastekeele korpuse automaatset morfoloogilist märgendamist ning anda soovitusi, kuidas tulevaste korpuste märgendamist ja standardiseerimist analüüsi tarbeks paremaks muuta. Analüüsisime korpust kirjakeelele mõeldud morfoloogiaanalüsaatori abil. Automaatse analüüsi järel vaatasime, kui suur osa sõnadest sai analüüsi või jäi analüsaatorile tundmatuks nii alamkorpuste kui lapse- ja hoidjakeele lõikes. Selgus, et analüüsi saanud sõnade osakaal igas alamkorpuses varieerus hoidjakeeles 94–98% ja lastekeeles 57–96% vahel. Suurt rolli mängib lindistuste üleskirjutamisviis: hoidjakeelt kirjutatakse üles kirjakeelele sarnaselt, kuid lastekeeles lähtutakse kuuldeortograafiast. Kõik alamkorpused küll järgivad CHILDES-i transkriptsioonisüsteemi ettekirjutusi, ent iga alamkorpus on koostatud erinevaid eesmärke silmas pidades ja on erineva transkribeerimisstiiliga, millest järjepidevalt kinni ei peeta. Märgenduse tulemust hindasime käsitsi läbivaatamise teel. Artiklis toome välja, millised olid nii tundmatuks jäänud kui vale analüüsi saanud sõnade sagedasemad probleemid ja pakume võimalikke lahendusi.

  20. Lady Morgan in Italy: A Traveller with an Agenda

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    Donatella Abbate Badin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Lady Morgan (née Sydney Owenson was a professional Irish travellerand travel-writer, who spent over a year on the peninsula. The travelogueItaly (1821 she was commissioned to write on the basis of the reputationshe had acquired as a novelist (e.g. The Wild Irish Girl, 1806 anda socio-political writer (France, 1817, left a mark on Italy and on theunderstanding of Italy in Great Britain. Her writings, in fact, helpeddisseminate the ideal of a unified Italy and influence British and Irishpublic opinion in favour of Italy’s aspirations to cast off foreign or domesticautocratic rule. Moreover, she used her travelogue to serve thecause of Ireland disguising a patriotic message about her home countryunder her many sallies about nationalism and the right to self-determinationconcerning Italy. The political impact of her book, unusualfor a travel account written by a woman, was enhanced by Morgan’sradical ideology, the gender bias of her observations and her originalmethods. The present article purposes to examine Morgan’s double,feminine and masculine, approach of mixing solid documentation withapparently frivolous notes originating in the feminine domain of societynews, commentary on the domestic scene and emotional reporting onsocial and historical events. Distrusting male-authored official history,Morgan gave a central place in her work to the informal sources fromwhich she gathered her insights about Italy. Analysing how she came toobtain the contemporary input for elaborating her ideas will be the aimof this chapter which will dwell on the more worldly aspects of Morgan’ssojourn in the peninsula focussing on the company she kept, theactivities she partook of, the events of a domestic nature she witnessed.

  1. ON THE GENOCIDE SENSATION IN TURKS AND EFFECTS ON LANGUAGE / TÜRKLERDEKİ SOYKIRIM ALGISININ DİLE YANSIMASI ÜZERİNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mahmut SARIKAYA

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Expressions like; Türk budunuġ ölürmek “To kill and annihilate the Turkish nation in all”, uruġsıratmak “to kill off, to delete a nation”, yokadu barmak “to go towards kill off”, kanı su gibi akmak, kemikleri dağ gibi yığılıp yatmak “to be subjet to extreme massacre”,, katliam: “massacre, genocide”, bir’e varıncaya kadar kırılmak “to be massacred till the last human”, kökünü kesmek “totally delete a nation”, milleti kırmak: “genocide of a nation” Kırgız soyunu bir anda yok etmek “to destroy the Kyrgyz race in one go” are all in Turkish language. Furthermore, words like; kırgın, kıyım, soykırım, kökünü kazımak, topluca öldürüp yok etmek are the words and expressions which are being used to meet the term “Genoside” in contemporary Turkish of Turkey. Turks used these words and expressions to represent the genocides which were implemented to them.Since their introduction to the history scene, Turks have been subject to much genocide. Even today they face this serious fact and feel it deeply. These hard experiences of Turks have been one of the main determining factors of national cultural codes, so, penetrated in the epics as motifs and found their expressions in the language. In this article the marks of this perception are examined.

  2. Design and implementation of an emergency environmental responsesystem to protect migrating salmon in the lower San Joaquin River,California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quinn, Nigel W.T.; Jacobs, Karl C.

    2006-01-30

    In the past decade tens of millions of dollars have beenspent by water resource agencies in California to restore the nativesalmon fishery in the San Joaquin River and its major tributaries. Anexcavated deep water ship channel (DWSC), through which the river runs onits way to the Bay/Delta and Pacific Ocean, experiences episodes of lowdissolved oxygen which acts as a barrier to anadromous fish migration anda threat to the long-term survival of the salmon run. An emergencyresponse management system is under development to forecast theseepisodes of low dissolved oxygen and to deploy measures that will raisedissolved oxygen concentrations to prevent damage to the fisheryresource. The emergency response management system has been designed tointeract with a real-time water quality monitoring network and is servedby a comprehensive data management and forecasting model toolbox. TheBay/Delta and Tributaries (BDAT) Cooperative Data Management System is adistributed, web accessible database that contains terabytes ofinformation on all aspects of the ecology of the Bay/Delta and upperwatersheds. The complexity of the problem dictates data integration froma variety of monitoring programs. A unique data templating system hasbeen constructed to serve the needs of cooperating scientists who wish toshare their data and to simplify and streamline data uploading into themaster database. In this paper we demonstrate the utility of such asystem in providing decision support for management of the San JoaquinRiver fishery. We discuss how the system might be expanded to havefurther utility in coping with other emergencies and threats to watersupply system serving California's costal communities.

  3. Positional Arrangements of Waste Exhaust Gas Ducts of C-Type Balanced Chimney Heating Devices on Building Façades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan AVLAR

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In Turkey today, with the increase in availability of natural gas,detached heating devices are being preferred over existingheating devices. Due to the lack of chimneys in existing buildingsin Turkey or the presence of chimneys that fail to conformto standards, the use of C-type balanced chimney devices has increased.C-type balanced chimney devices take the combustionair directly from the outside by a specific air duct as detachedheating equipment, with enclosed combustion chambers anda specific waste gas exhaust duct, and they are ventilated independentlyof the field of equipment. Because of their essentiality,the use of a chimney is not required in these devices;the waste gas is exhausted through walls, windows, doors, orbalconies. The natural gas is a clean fossil fuel that requires nostorage in buildings and is easy to use. However, water vapor,carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides are produced by the combustionof natural gas. It is widely known that high concentrationsof these products can have some adverse effects onhumans such as dizziness, headaches and nausea. As a result,the waste products could recoil through wall openings on thefaçade to create unhealthy indoor environments that could bedangerous to human health. Therefore, the importance of standardsand regulations about the positional arrangements of thewaste gas exhaust ducts of C-type balanced chimney devices onbuilding façades is increasing. In this research, we analyze thestudies of the Institution of Turkish Standards, Chamber of MechanicalEngineers, gas distribution companies, municipalitiesand authorized firms and compare the criteria to determine thenecessary application method. According to our comparison ofthe references accessed, the criteria are not uniform.

  4. Observations of leaf stomatal conductance at the canopy scale: an atmospheric modeling perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Avissar, R.

    1993-01-01

    Plant stomata play a key role in the redistribution of energy received on vegetated land into sensible and latent heat. As a result, they have a considerable impact on the atmospheric planetary boundary layer, the hydrologic cycle, the climate, and the weather. Current parameterizations of the stomatal mechanism in state-of-the-art atmospheric models are based on empirical relations that are established at the leaf scale between stomatal conductance and environmental conditions. In order to evaluate these parameterizations, an experiment was carried out on a potato field in New Jersey during the summer of 1989. Stomatal conductances were measured within a small homogeneous area in the middle of the potato field and under a relatively broad range of atmospheric conditions. A large variability of stomatal conductances was observed. This variability, which was associated with the variability of micro-environmental and physiological conditions that is found even in a homogeneous canopy, cannot be simulated explicitly on the scale of a single agricultural field and,a fortiori, on the scale of atmospheric models. Furthermore, this variability could not be related to the environmental conditions measured at a height of 2 m above the plant canopy simultaneously with the conductances, reinforcing the concept of scale decoupling suggested by Jarvis and McNaughton (1986) and McNaughton and Jarvis (1991). Thus, for atmospheric modeling purposes, a parameterization of stomatal conductance at the canopy scale using external environmental forcing conditions seems more appropriate than a parameterization based on leaf-scale stomatal conductance, as currently adopted in state-of-the-art atmospheric models. The measured variability was characterized by a lognormal probability density function (pdf) that remained relatively stable during the entire measuring period. These observations support conclusions by McNaughton and Jarvis (1991) that, unlike current parameterizations, a

  5. ICHTHYOFAUNA OF THE HUTOVO BLATO WETLAND (LOWER RIVER NERETVA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA; STATUS AND VULNERABILITY

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    Jakov Dulčić

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Hutovo Blato Nature Park is a small, shallow Mediterranean-type wetland of the River Neretva basin located in the SE of Bosnia and Herzegovina, about 20 km upstream from the Adriatic Sea, near the border with the Republic of Croatia. The River Neretva basin has a special value due to high freshwater fish fauna biodiversity anda high degree of endemism. Because of its natural characteristics, especially its fishes, the wetland area is one of the most important parts of the River Neretva and as such was declared as a Nature Park in 1995 and included in the Ramsar Convention as an internationally important area. The present study analyses the fish fauna of the Hutovo Blato Nature Park which is less known. When drawing up the list of fish species, several data sources were used: our research data from the period 1999-2010, literature data and data on the catch of rare species collected by the park rangers, professional and sport fishermen, as well as our unpublished data. During our study, 25 fish species were recorded (by including the literature data the number raises to 43, and distributed in 36 genera and 19 families. Native species represent 63%, of which 15 are endemic with a very narrow range of distribution, while 15 species are exotic. Ichthyofauna of the Hutovo Blato wetland is notable for a number of marine species that reside there temporarily. A significant number of species from this list are found in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and are mostly endemic. Over the past decades, the tropic status of the wetland has changed as a result of anthropogenic activity, resulting in serious problems. The current status of the Hutovo Blato wetland and fish fauna in the wider area can be described as threatened. Effective habitat protection together with improved water management and measures to prevent the dispersion of exotic species, are particularly important in order to protect high ichthyofaunal diversity of this wetland.

  6. How Much We Think of Ourselves and How Little We Think of Others: An Investigation of the Neuronal Signature of Self-Consciousness between Different Personality Traits through an Event-Related Potential Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Auwal Bello; Begum, Tahamina; Reza, Mohammed Faruque; Yusoff, Nasir

    2016-11-01

    Previous studies have revealed that self-related tasks (items) receive more attention than non-self-related, and that they elicit event-related potential (ERP) components with larger amplitudes. Since personality has been reported as one of the biological correlates influencing these components, as well as our behavioural differences, it is important to examine how it affects our self-consciousness in relation to tasks of varied relevance and the neurological basis. A total of 33 male and female undergraduate Malaysian medical students of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) participated in the study. The participants were divided into two groups, Ambivert ( n = 18) and Extravert ( n = 15) groups, using the USM personality inventory questionnaire. In the ERP experiment, squares containing standard stimuli of any word other than self and non-self-related nouns (e.g., Bola , Gigi , Anak , etc.; in English: Ball, Teeth, Kids, etc., respectively), those containing self-related pronouns ( Saya , Kami or Kita ; in English: I, Us or We, respectively), and non-self-related pronouns ( Dia , Anda or Mereka ; in English: He/She, You or They, respectively), were shown 58%, 21% and 21% of the time, respectively, in a three-stimulus visual oddball paradigm. All words were presented in Bahasa Melayu. The participants were instructed to press 1 for self and 2 for non-self, and ignore standard stimuli. Comparison of both N200 and P300 amplitudes for self-related and non-self-related pronouns in the Extravert group revealed significant differences at seven electrode sites, with self-related having larger amplitude at anterior electrodes and less at posterior. This was not seen in the Ambivert group. The present study suggests that self-relevant pronouns are psychologically more important to extraverts than to ambiverts; hence, they have more self-awareness. This may be due to large amount of dopamine in the brains of extraverts, which is more concentrated in the frontal lobe.

  7. Generic drugs: myths, facts, and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Marzo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Bioequivalence (BE has always been an important pharmaceutical area, particularly (but not solely in Mediterranean region, where the use of generic drugs is a relatively recent development. The lack of new therapeutic molecules has concentrated primary research in the hands of a few large pharmaceutical companies. For smaller companies, this has created opportunities for the development of new formulations of existing drugs (orodispersible tablets that dissolve in the mouth, extended-release tablets, transdermal delivery systems, generic drugs. These applications take advantage of the Abridged New Drug Application (ANDA procedure, which exempts them from a series of expensive investigations and limits the requirement for clinical testing to bioequivalence trials. Since 1991, bioequivalence trials have been regulated by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA and European Medicines Agency (EMA guidelines that provide precise indications on the most specific procedures to be adopted. In spite of these guidelines, however, some aspects of the process have not been fully defined, the most important of which regards the management of endogenous substances. Additional problems are how to manage bioequivalence protocols with drugs that have long half-lives and those whose clearance is characterized by high intrinsic variability. The view that bioequivalence data would be more reliable if they were based on studies in target populations is a myth to be discredited. The present paper reviews issues relative to pharmacokinetics (PK, bioavailability (BA, and bioequivalence, also from an historical viewpoint, and includes a stimulating “questions and answers” section on some key aspects of the bioequivalence of generic drugs.

  8. Apitherapy as a complementary therapeutic alternative for physical therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

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    Raquel Amalia Vélez-Tobar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Physical therapy in Reumatoid Arthritis (RA patients seek reduce pain, improve join mobility, avoid muscular atrophy and increase functional activity. Our study introduces Apitherapy (bee venom therapy like acomplementary physical modality in the rehabilitation management of RA patients in acute phase. Apitoxin or bee venom has demonstrated analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and tissue repair proprieties. Materials and methods: We selectfour AR patients, following the ACR yardsticks. They were tree adult woman anda one male who accept to participate like voluntaries in a simple observational study. All patients were full informed about the risk and potential benefit of bevenom therapy. We evaluate all patients with allergy tests and reject sensibility to apitoxin, as well other systemic diseases. All patients were evaluated with HAQ, EVA, AHI, join mobility test, and whit pain body map. The patients received conventional Physical Therapy treatment in the first phase, and them one month later, they received Physical Therapy with Apiteraphy. Outcomes: Tree of four patients (all woman answered best to the Physical Therapy plus Apitherapy that to the Physical Therapy alone. All patients reported decreased of symptoms and greater reduction of RA sings after Physical Therapy plus Apitherapy treatment that Physical Therapy alone. The last patient hasn't changes with Apitherapy. However, none of these findings got statistics significance. Conclusions: Is possible to conjugate Physical Therapy with Apitherapy in the rehabilitation treatment of RA patients and wait positive changes in pain and physical function in some of them that can be best that Physical Therapy alone; although, his durability and long time benefits or secondary effects, must be evaluate in new studies with most patients and mainly control methods.

  9. Data-Based Mapping of Our Dynamical Magnetosphere (Julius Bartels Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsyganenko, Nikolai A.

    2013-04-01

    The geomagnetic field is a principal agent connecting our planet's ionosphere with thehighly variable interplanetary medium, incessantly disturbed by dynamical processesat the Sun. The Earth's magnetosphere serves as a giant storage reservoir of energy pumped in from the solar wind and intermittently spilled into the upperatmosphere during space storms. As the humankindgets more and more dependent on space technologies, it becomes increasingly important to be able to accurately map the distant geomagnetic field and predict its dynamicsusing data of upstream solar wind monitors. Two approaches to the problem have beensuccessfully pursued over last decades. The first one is to treat the solar wind asa flow of magnetized conducting fluid and to numerically solve first-principle equations,governing its interaction with the terrestrial magnetic dipole. Based on pure theory, that approachaddresses the question: "What the magnetosphere would look like and behaveunder assumption thatthe underlying approximations and techniques were universally accurate?" This lecturewill focus on the other, completely different approach, based on direct observations. Its essence is to develop an empirical description of the global geomagnetic field and its response to the solar wind driving by fitting model parameters to large multi-year sets of spacecraft data. Models of that kind seek to answer the question: "What can in situ measurements tell us about the global magnetospheric configuration and its storm-time dynamics, provided our approximations are realistic, flexible, and the data coverage is sufficiently dense and broad?" Five decades of spaceflight produced enormous amount of archived data anda number of empirical models have already been developed on that basis. Recent and ongoing multi-spacecraft missions keep pouring in new data and further expandthe huge and yet largely untapped resource of valuable information. The main goal of the data-based modeling is to extract the largest

  10. Será o ensino escolar supérfluo no mundo das novas tecnologias? Is schooling redundant in a new technology world?

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    Maria Tereza Soler Jorge

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio pretende contribuir para a discussão sobre os rumos do ensino escolar na perspectiva de resistência ao ideário neoconservador colocado pelas regras do capitalismo na sua forma "globalizada". Esboça um cenário em que as extraordinárias potencialidades de humanização e socialização do indivíduo proporcionadas pelo desenvolvimento técnico-científico se colocam em confronto com sua crescente solidão e individualismo nas relações sociais e aponta para a necessidade de contraposição aos objetivos colocados para o ensino pela forma de pensamento hoje hegemônica, isto é, a formação do trabalhador-consumidor adequado às novas tecnologias. Apresentamos uma visão oposta a essa tendência: a educação como meio de emancipar o homem.The aim of this essay is to contribute to the discussion on the directions of teaching under the perspective of the resistance to the neoconservative ideas presented by the rules of capitalism under its "globalized" form. It draws a landscape in which the extraordinary potentialities of humanization and socialization of the individual given by the technological and cientific development are set against his growing loneliness and individualism in the social relationships and points to the need of opposing the aims of teaching proposed by the leading ways of thinking in our times - that is, the making of the worker and/as a consumer fit to the new technologies. It confronts this trend in education with a totally opposed view: education as a way of emancipating man.

  11. FES Bike Race preparation to Cybathlon 2016 by EMA team: a short case report

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    Juliana Araujo Guimarães

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available FES-assisted cycling has been recommended to people struggling to emerge from a disability to more functioning life after spinal cord injury. Recommendations issued by a gowing number of scientific papershas promised toimprove body composition and physical activity levels, as well as to controlinvoluntary muscle response; favoring activity and participation which break new grounds in expanding locomotion, leisure and occupational options for people with paraplegia and tetraplegia. In this report we described our experience to select and prepare a pilot to compete in the FES Bike Race modality at Cybathlon 2016 in Kloten (Zurick. He was a man, 38 years old, with a complete spinal cord injury, level T9, three years of injury. He took part in a two preparation phases lasting respectively 18 and 12 weeks each: (1st pre-FES-cycling and a (2nd FES-cycling. The 1st phase aimed to explore electrical stimulation response in the quadricps, hamstrings and gluteus muscles; searching for a standard muscular recruitment enable to propel the pedals of a trike. Following, in the 2nd phase, stationary to mobile FES-cycling was performed at the same time the development of the automation and control systems were being incorporated in the trike. We adapted a commercial tadpole trycicle anda pilot controlled system. Although we had planned a three session by week protocol, for reasons of term and time to finish the trike development and be prepared to compete, in the last two weeks before the Cybatlhon an intense level of exercise was maintained. After the race, we noticedinflammatory signs on the left knee which later revealed a patella fracture. The video footage analysis confirmed ithappened during the race’s first lap.

  12. Histogram Profiling of Postcontrast T1-Weighted MRI Gives Valuable Insights into Tumor Biology and Enables Prediction of Growth Kinetics and Prognosis in Meningiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gihr, Georg Alexander; Horvath-Rizea, Diana; Kohlhof-Meinecke, Patricia; Ganslandt, Oliver; Henkes, Hans; Richter, Cindy; Hoffmann, Karl-Titus; Surov, Alexey; Schob, Stefan

    2018-06-14

    Meningiomas are the most frequently diagnosed intracranial masses, oftentimes requiring surgery. Especially procedure-related morbidity can be substantial, particularly in elderly patients. Hence, reliable imaging modalities enabling pretherapeutic prediction of tumor grade, growth kinetic, realistic prognosis, and-as a consequence-necessity of surgery are of great value. In this context, a promising diagnostic approach is advanced analysis of magnetic resonance imaging data. Therefore, our study investigated whether histogram profiling of routinely acquired postcontrast T1-weighted images is capable of separating low-grade from high-grade lesions and whether histogram parameters reflect Ki-67 expression in meningiomas. Pretreatment T1-weighted postcontrast volumes of 44 meningioma patients were used for signal intensity histogram profiling. WHO grade, tumor volume, and Ki-67 expression were evaluated. Comparative and correlative statistics investigating the association between histogram profile parameters and neuropathology were performed. None of the investigated histogram parameters revealed significant differences between low-grade and high-grade meningiomas. However, significant correlations were identified between Ki-67 and the histogram parameters skewness and entropy as well as between entropy and tumor volume. Contrary to previously reported findings, pretherapeutic postcontrast T1-weighted images can be used to predict growth kinetics in meningiomas if whole tumor histogram analysis is employed. However, no differences between distinct WHO grades were identifiable in out cohort. As a consequence, histogram analysis of postcontrast T1-weighted images is a promising approach to obtain quantitative in vivo biomarkers reflecting the proliferative potential in meningiomas. Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. An integrated approach to enhancing prospective English language teachers' writing skills

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    Recep Sahin Arslan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study reports on the experience of a group of pre-service teachers of English in a compulsory writing coursein the preparatory program of an English language teaching department in the Turkish context. This studyspecifically attempts to investigate to what extent the writing course contributes to the acquisition of basicconventions of written discourse in English when prospective teachers of English are involved in an extensivewriting practice which is based upon integration of product, process and genre based approaches to writing. Thestudy lasted for a period of 28 weeks with fifty-nine pre-service teachers of English who participated in thestudy. The participants studied the basic genre types which included expository writing such as classification,process, argumentation, opinion, cause and effect, compare and contrast, and narrative paragraphs and essays.The participants specifically received instruction as to the basic constituents of paragraph and essays writing;namely, organization, process, unity, coherence, word choice, language use, grammar, and mechanics whichwere further put into 49 observable competencies. Data were collected through an analytic assessment rubricapplied to participants’ pre-study and post-study essays. In addition, participants were distributed a pre-study anda post-study self-perception questionnaire in order to evaluate any possible improvements in their writingcompetence. The results of the study suggest that exposing pre-service teachers of English to various genres byinvolving them in an extensive writing practice adds to their writing competency positively in learning theprocess of writing practice, organizing the text, including relevant content in the text, using languageappropriately, producing correct grammar, coming up with relevant vocabulary, and following correctmechanical conventions.

  14. O livro didático de ciências no ensino fundamental proposta de critérios para análise do conteúdo zoológico The science text book in the elementary education – a proposal for zoology contents analysis

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    Simão Dias Vasconcelos

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A crescente discussão sobre a qualidade dos livros didáticos tem provocado sensíveis alterações na produção editorial nos últimos anos. Apesar dos significativos avanços, uma considerável quantidade de professores anda não tem acesso a instrumentos de análise de livros didáticos. Neste contexto, nós propomos uma série de critérios a serem utilizados por professores de ensino fundamental (6a. série na escolha de seu livro de Ciências, tendo como modelo o conteúdo zoológico. Os seguintes tópicos foram considerados: conteúdo teórico, recursos visuais, atividades práticas e informações complementares. Pretende-se, com este trabalho, contribuir para o debate sobre a necessidade de um maior envolvimento dos professores no processo de escolha do livro.The growing discussion about the quality of Science textbooks has clearly altered the editorial market in the past few years in Brazil. Despite remarkable improvement, a considerable amount of teachers has not yet had access to means for analyzing Science textbooks. In this context, we propose a series of criteria to be used by the teacher when electing the textbook used at junior high schools, using as a model the zoological content. The following topics were considered: theoretical contents, visual information, practical activities and complementary information. Through this study, ee intend to contribute to the debate about the necessity of a stronger involvement of teachers in the process of book choice.

  15. Deriving freshwater quality criteria of sulphocyanic sodium for the protection of aquatic life in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    The freshwater quality criteria of sulphocyanic sodium(NaSCN) were studied on the basis of the features of the aquaticbiota in China, and with Reference to U.S.EPA's guidelines. Acutetests were performed on twelve different domestic species todetermine 48h-EC50/96h-EC50 (or 96h-LC50) values for NaSCN. 21dsurvival-reproduction test with Daphnia magna, 60d fry-juvenilepart life stage test with Carassius auratus gibelio and 96h growthinhibition test with Lemna minor were also conducted to estimatelower chronic limit/upper chronic limit values. In the acute tests,D.magna was the most sensitive species to NaSCN followed by Tilapiamossambia, Cyprinus carpio and C.auratus gibelio in turn. The finalacute value of NaSCN was 2.699 mg/L. In the chronic tests,reproduction of daphnids were significantly reduced by NaSCN at 1.0mg/L. Acute-to-chronic ratios ranged from 5.96 to 19.1. A finalchronic value of 0.2530 mg/L was obtained and a final plant valuewas 1346 mg/L. A criterion maximum concentration (1.349 mg/L) anda criterion continuous concentration (0.2530 mg/L) were derivedrespectively. The results of this study may provide useful data toderive national WQC for NaSCN as well as the procedures of derivingWQC of other chemicals for the protection of aquatic biota in China.

  16. LIIKUMISSÜNDMUSED EESTI KEELE ÕPPIJATE KIRJALIKES NARRATIIVIDES

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    Renate Pajusalu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artiklis käsitletakse vene emakeelega eesti keele õppijate (keeleoskustase B2 kirjalikes narratiivides esinenud liikumissündmusi. Materjaliks on M. Mayeri (1969 sõnadeta pildiraamatu “Frog, where are you?” järgi kirjutatud narratiivid. Põhimaterjal pärineb 21-lt vene emakeelega üliõpilaselt ning võrdlusmaterjal 21-lt eesti emakeelega üliõpilaselt. Õppijarühmalt on analoogiline tekstimaterjal kogutud ka nende emakeeles vene keeles. Liikumissündmuste analüüsimisel lähtutakse L. Talmy (1985, 2007 käsitlusest. Kitsamalt keskendutakse liikumissündmuste kirjeldamisel kasutatud verbidele ja verbisatelliitidele, liikumise lähte- ja sihtkoha väljendamisele ühe ja sama liikumissündmuse kirjeldamisel ning vaadeldakse suhtlusstrateegiate rakendamise võimalusi õppijarühma narratiivides. Analüüsitud keeleainese põhjal võib väita, et liikumisnarratiivi etappe eesti keele õppijad ei väldi. Samas kasutavad nad väga sageli üldise tähendusega liikumisverbe minema ja tulema, mis võimaldavad edasi anda piltidel kujutatud tegevuse dünaamikat, kuid milles ei sisaldu liikumisviis. Liikumise teed väljendavate verbisatelliitide (afiksaaladverbide kasutamine ei ole vene emakeelega õppijatele raske. Kuna eesti keele afiksaaladverbid ja vene keele verbiprefiksid on funktsionaalselt sarnased, on tõenäoline, et õppijad on toetunud vene keele verbiprefiksite analoogiale. Vene üliõpilaste narratiive iseloomustab ka liikumise lähte- ja sihtkoha sage liitmine ühe ja sama liikumissündmuse kirjeldusse ning staatilise olema-verbi kasutamine liikumise kirjeldamisel. Viimane on käsitatav õppijatele omase ümberütlemisstrateegiana ning eesti võrdlusrühma narratiivides ei esine.

  17. Importance of Education for Expectant Mothers

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    Muhammad Ma’ruf Ch

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Not many people talk about the role of a mother. But they acknowledgethat we are in world to the mother because. Actually, children are a source ofgreat joy and delight, they make life sweet, bring more rizq into a family’s lifeand give hope. A father sees his children as a future source of help and support,as well as representing an increase in numbers and perpetuation of the family.A mother sees her children as a source of hope, consolation and joy in life, andas hope for the future. All of these hopes rest on the good upbringing of thechildren and giving them a sound preparation for life, so that they will becomeactive and constructive elements in society, a source of goodness for their parents,community and society as a whole. Then they will be as Allah Subhanahu wata’ala described them: “ Wealth and sons are allurements of the life of thisworld . . .” (Qur’an 18:46.If their education and upbringing are neglected, they will become badcharacters, a burden on their family, community and society as a whole. Onlywaiting the Muslim woman’s sincerity, how to manage the great responsibilityfor forming their resource, especially in character building1. And how is theMuslim women have understanding the great responsibility and use the bestmethods in bringing them up, and do they able to demonstrate their love andaffection, also treat their sons and daughters equally, even they do not discriminatebetween sons and daughters of their affection, in other time the Muslim womenalert to everything, that may have an influence on their children they instill goodbehavior and attitudes in them.

  18. The mitochondrial genomes of Amphiascoides atopus and Schizopera knabeni (Harpacticoida: Miraciidae) reveal similarities between the copepod orders Harpacticoida and Poecilostomatoida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easton, Erin E; Darrow, Emily M; Spears, Trisha; Thistle, David

    2014-03-15

    Members of subclass Copepoda are abundant, diverse, and-as a result of their variety of ecological roles in marine and freshwater environments-important, but their phylogenetic interrelationships are unclear. Recent studies of arthropods have used gene arrangements in the mitochondrial (mt) genome to infer phylogenies, but for copepods, only seven complete mt genomes have been published. These data revealed several within-order and few among-order similarities. To increase the data available for comparisons, we sequenced the complete mt genome (13,831base pairs) of Amphiascoides atopus and 10,649base pairs of the mt genome of Schizopera knabeni (both in the family Miraciidae of the order Harpacticoida). Comparison of our data to those for Tigriopus japonicus (family Harpacticidae, order Harpacticoida) revealed similarities in gene arrangement among these three species that were consistent with those found within and among families of other copepod orders. Comparison of the mt genomes of our species with those known from other copepod orders revealed the arrangement of mt genes of our Harpacticoida species to be more similar to that of Sinergasilus polycolpus (order Poecilostomatoida) than to that of T. japonicus. The similarities between S. polycolpus and our species are the first to be noted across the boundaries of copepod orders and support the possibility that mt-gene arrangement might be used to infer copepod phylogenies. We also found that our two species had extremely truncated transfer RNAs and that gene overlaps occurred much more frequently than has been reported for other copepod mt genomes. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  19. [Evaluation of injuries by means of photographs in a homicide (manslaughter or murder) barred by the statute of limitations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madea, Burkhard

    2009-01-01

    Pursuant to Section 78 German Criminal Code, criminal offences under Section 220a (genocide) and Section 211 (murder) are not subject to a statute of limitations. To the extent that prosecution is subject to a statute of limitations, the period of limitation is thirty years in the case of acts punishable by imprisonment for life. After the expiration of the period of limitation, evidence and investigation records relevant for the offence may no longer be available. Once a homicide is statute-barred, main proceedings may be opened only, if the elements of murder are present. The problems arising from the statute of limitations are discussed on the basis of a case on which the author had to give an export opinion. The homicide was committed in Amsterdam in 1967. In 2004, after the period of limitation had expired in The Netherlands and--as far as manslaughter is concerned, also in the Federal Republic of Germany--a meanwhile 60-year-old man accused himself of having committed the offence (manual strangulation of a tied male). After the expiration of the statute of limitations the results of the police investigations and the autopsy report were no longer available. How the offence might have been committed and whether the elements of murder were present therefore had to be discussed on the basis of still available photographs of the crime scene and the victim. After studying these pieces of evidence, the criminal court decided that the accused had actually committed a voluntary homicide, but that it was no longer ascertainable, if the elements of murder were fulfilled. The issues relevant to legal medicine are presented against the background of the problems associated with the statute of limitations.

  20. Remiksimist, kirjaoskust ja loovust käsitleva teaduskirjanduse analüütiline ülevaade

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    Michele Knobel

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Loovust on hakatud pidama riikide majanduskasvu võtmeteguriks, mis tagab ühiskonnas toimetuleku ja mille abil tagatakse isiklik või ühiskondlik heaolu. Seda silmas pidades on mõistlik süveneda loovuse käsitusse ja praktilisse olemusse ning uurida nende seostamise võimalusi hariduse kontekstis. Olukord koolides on mahukate uurimistulemuste põhjal koolivälise tegelikkusega teravas vastuolus, sest vähe võetakse arvesse inimeste loomingulisust ja suurt kujutlusvõimet tähenduste loomisel, mille üks väljendusvorme on remiksimine. Artikli eesmärk on anda ülevaade olemasolevatest ingliskeelsetest uurimustest, milles käsitletakse digitaalset remiksimist ja kirjaoskust, ning selgitada välja mustrid, mis näitavad, kuidas tavalised inimesed on ennast loominguliselt väljendanud. Analüütilise ülevaate koostamisel uuriti viimase kahe kümnendi jooksul inglise keeles ilmunud empiirilisi publikatsioone ning koostati ülevaade avaldatud teadusartiklitest koolivälise remiksimise ja kirjaoskuse kohta. Uurimise käigus selgitati välja need loominguliste püüdluste ja tähenduste loomise viisid, millest koolipedagoogika saaks midagi kasulikku õppida. Ühtlasi vaadeldi, kuidas digitaalset remiksimist ja kirjaoskust on uuritud. Kõigis 36 analüüsitud uurimuses rõhutati, et lähenemine loovusele kui sügavalt sotsiaalsele nähtusele aitab vastu seista kasulikkust taga ajavatele lähenemisviisidele. Uurimustes vaatluse all olnud remiksitud tööd näitavad teadlikku loovuse arendamise püüdlust, mis võib aidata inimestel loominguliselt hakkama saada või reageerida kiiretele muutustele ning ühiskondlikele, riiklikele ja keskkondlikele probleemidele praegu ja tulevikus, luues ja säilitades samal ajal suhteid suurte vahemaade ja erinevuste kiuste.   Full text

  1. PENSION FUNDS EVOLUTION, REFORMS AND TRENDS IN SOUTHAFRICA

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    Nthabiseng Moleko

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a graphical and descriptive analysis of the historical trends ofthe South African pension fund sector in order to provide insights andunderstanding ofnon-banking finance. Using a combination of secondary data anda desk review of existing literature, we provide in-depth analysis of the differenttypes and number of pension funds, industry trends, policy reforms and legislativeframeworks enacted by theSouth African government for the development of thesector. The study identified the evolution of the pension fund industry to be in fourphases coinciding with different waves of industry policy reforms, namely: theinfancy phase (1911-1958; institutionalisation phase (1959-1984; separation andcontinued separation phase (1985-1994; and corporatisation and amalgamation(1995-2015 The industry growth analysis indicated that a compounded annualgrowth rate of 14 percent is the highest annual growth overthe past decade and thisgrowth exceeds the global market average of 6.5 percent over the same period. Theindustry trend analysis is indicative of an upward trend in terms of funds’membership with the trendline showing a steep rise to over 15 million membersfrom under 10 million memberships with the space of a decade. However, thenumber of pension funds operating in the industry has declined due to a steadymove towards umbrella funds. Although the South African pension fund industry isnot only movingin the right direction but also considered a beacon of successaround the world, there remains huge potential for growth of the sector. Therefore,maintaining sound regulatory policies and government interventions will continueto ensure that pension fundsare well managed and bad practices discouraged in thesector through the oversight functions of government regulatory institutions such asthe Pension Fund Registrar and Financial Services Board.

  2. Validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and Adolescents (PAQ-A) in individuals with congenital heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voss, Christine; Dean, Paige H; Gardner, Ross F; Duncombe, Stephanie L; Harris, Kevin C

    2017-01-01

    To assess the criterion validity, internal consistency, reliability and cut-point for the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children (PAQ-C) and Adolescents (PAQ-A) in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease-a special population at high cardiovascular risk in whom physical activity has not been extensively evaluated. We included 84 participants (13.6±2.9 yrs, 50% female) with simple (37%), moderate (31%), or severe congenital heart disease (27%), as well as cardiac transplant recipients (6%), from BC Children's Hospital, Canada. They completed the PAQ-C (≤11yrs, n = 28) or-A (≥12yrs, n = 56), and also wore a triaxial accelerometer (GT3X+ or GT9X) over the right hip for 7 days (n = 59 met valid wear time criteria). Median daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity was 46.9 minutes per day (IQR 31.6-61.8) and 25% met physical activity guidelines defined as ≥60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day. Median PAQ-score was 2.6 (IQR 1.9-3.0). PAQ-Scores were significantly related to accelerometry-derived metrics of physical activity (rho = 0.44-0.55, all pPAQ-Scores over a 4-months period (ICC = 0.73, 95%CI 0.55-0.84; pPAQ-Score cut-point of 2.87 discriminates between those meeting physical guidelines and those that do not in the combined PAQ-C and-A samples (area under the curve = 0.80 (95%CI 0.67-0.92). Validity and reliability of the PAQ in children and adolescents with CHD was comparable to or stronger than previous studies in healthy children. Therefore, the PAQ may be used to estimate general levels of physical activity in children and adolescents with CHD.

  3. Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project in Malawi: a general account

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nkaonja, R S.W.

    1981-01-01

    The Rural Fuel-wood and Poles Research Project was initiated to provide information about afforestation in the dry silvicultural zones. Plantation forestry in Malawi has concentrated on production of timber, poles, and pulpwood. It is estimated that 90% of Malawi's population of 5.5 million live in rural communities, and that the purely domestic wood requirement is 4.05 cubic m per family (of five) annually. In addition, wood is required for agricultural purposes such as tobacco curing. The remaining indigenous forest cannot meet the demand. There is an urgent need for plantations. Rather than simply planting trees, the aim is to make local communities self-sufficient in forest products. In view of the shortage of land, great emphasis is placed on trying species which have many end-uses-- e.g., poles, fuel-wood, mulch, fodder, and shade--and those which can be grown together with farm crops, a concept known as ''agroforestry.'' Over 20 ha of trials were established at locations in the three regions of the country. Acacia albida allows maize and other farm crops to grow under it, provides good shade and fodder, and--as legume--enriches the soil with nitrogen. Eucalypts were included because most produce straight poles for construction, are drought-hardy, and are rated higher than Gmelina arborea in calorific value, durability, and strength. Another tree favored for its multiple uses is Leucaena leucocephala (Hawaiian giant), but it appears that there is considerable mixture of varieties in the seeds. With the exception of one trial at Bwanje, trials have not included farm crops, but the agroforestry element will be a very important consideration in future trials.

  4. Algajate õppejõudude õpetamisarusaamad fotointervjuude põhjal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Karm

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Esimesed tööaastad on õppejõu professionaalsuse kujunemise seisukohast väga tähtsad, sest siis pannakse alus õppejõu identiteedi kujunemisele, liitutakse ülikooli kogukonnaga ning võetakse omaks selles valitsevad väärtused ja traditsioonid või vastandutakse neile, samuti arenevad sel ajal õpetamisoskused.Varasemad uurimused on näidanud, et õppejõudude arusaamade, uskumuste ja väärtuste uurimine on keeruline, sest sageli pole õppejõud teadvustanud, millistele arusaamadele ja uskumustele nende professionaalne praktika toetub. Samas on visuaalsed uurimismeetodid andnud häid võimalusi õppejõu õpetamisarusaamade, professionaalse identiteedi ja selle erinevate aspektide, elukogemuste ja mälestuste tähenduse ning isiklike teooriate uurimiseks, sest need võimaldavad intervjueeritavale anda impulsi oma arusaamade teadvustamiseks ja sõnastamiseks.Artiklis analüüsitakse 13 algaja õppejõu õpetamisarusaamu ja nende kujunemist fotointervjuude põhjal. Analüüsi tulemusel leiti, et algajat õppejõudu kui rühma ei või käsitleda lihtsustatult, sest nad on erinevad. Algajate õppejõudude õpetamisarusaamad ei ole veel välja kujunenud ning seetõttu otsivad õppejõud alles endale sobivamat ja arusaamadega kooskõlas olevat õpetamisviisi. Uurimuse tulemused osutasid, et algaja õppejõu õpetamisarusaamade kujunemisel on peamine roll õppejõu enda õppimiskogemusel üliõpilasena ning sellel, milline on tema arusaam õppimisest. Uurimus näitas, et algaja õppejõu õpetamisarusaamad peegeldavad ka seda, millise õppejõuna soovitakse ennast näha olevikus ja millises suunas areneda tulevikus. Algajate õppejõudude erinevuste mõistmine võimaldab ülikoolidel välja arendada tugisüsteeme õppejõudude professionaalse õppimise toetamiseks. Kuna õppejõud on erinevad, siis vajavad nad ka erinevat toetust. Summary

  5. The Persistence of Utopia: Plasticity and Difference from Roland Barthes to Catherine Malabou

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    Jennifer A. Wagner-Lawlor

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The theorizing of utopia is a persistent theme throughout several generations of the French continental tradition, and alongside the process theory of Alfred North Whitehead to a large degree recuperates the concept of utopia from its supposed dismissal by Marx and his intellectual descendants. Most recently, attention to the notion of plasticity, popularized (relatively speaking by Catherine Malabou, extends speculation on utopian possibility.  Compelled to answer to Marx’s denigration of utopia as fantasy, the tendency was (still is, for many to compensate for the absence of a programmatic politics by stressing what is “useful” about utopian dreaming, and therefore where or how exactly a utopian text reveals or creates political drive, or motivates political action. In this essay, I argue that theorists have overlooked the use of utopia as not only the reproduction of difference, or what Malabou calls positive plasticity, but also as, therefore, a disruption; Malabou might prefer the term accident here. Tracing the concept of plasticity from Roland Barthes to Malabou, with a nod at Miguel Abensour, this essay teases out the links between a contemporary notion of plasticity to argue, simply put, that utopia is plastic. This plasticity of the concept ensures its political force. These links, obscured in the essay “Plastic,” Barthes makes only later in his writing. But for Malabou, plasticity underlies a principle of futurity and/as generativity, such that new forms, new meanings, new concepts emerge through difference. Utopia’s horizons of potentiality depend on difference, and on non-achievement. Finally, I argue that the persistence of utopia (Abensour as a form of thinking is the most important, and political, effect of utopian plasticity.

  6. Determination of morphological and cytological differences between diploid and tetraploid watermelon plants

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    İsmail ŞİMŞEK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the seedless watermelon breeding programme, firstly, tetraploid parents must be developed by the breeders. When diploid watermelon lines treated with colchicine and oryzaline in vivo and vitro conditions, tetraploid plants could be obtained. The diploid and tetraploid watermelon plants should be selected within the population. For this reason, some markers (morphological, isozyme, cytological and molecular techniques are needed to separate from diploid and tetraploid plants. Chromosome counts and DNA content of diploid and tetraploid plants as a result of measurement of flow cytometry distinction can be made definitively. However, the laboratory infrastructure required to implement each method, is not economical. The purpose of this study is to select the tetraploid watermelon plants at M1 stage from populations applied colchicine and oryzaline with morphological anda cytological investigations in in vivo conditions. In this study, tetraploid plants belong to the four watermelon lines and diploid plants compared with the morphological and cytological dates. Morphological dates; width of the leaf-length (cm, male flower diameter (mm, diameter-length of the ovary (mm, the female flower petal width and length (mm were measured. Cytological assessment of the stoma diameter (μm, stomatal length (μm, stomatal density and chloroplast number were measured. In the present study has shown that the tetraploid plants grow vigorously as compared to diploid plants. Tetraploid plants are the number of chloroplasts increased, but decreased stomatal density were determined. As a result, tetraploid plants could be selected practically and economically by using morphological and cytological data for watermelon plants.

  7. Mikrodenetleyici Denetimli Televizyon Deney Seti Tasarımı ve Gerçekleştirilmesi

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    Serdar ÇİÇEK

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, teknik ve mesleki eğitim veren fakülteler, yüksekokullar, endüstri meslek liseleri, çıraklık ve yaygın eğitim merkezleri, meslek kursu veren belediyeler ve özel eğitim merkezleri vb. kurumlardaki görüntü sistemleri, televizyon tekniği, televizyon teknik servisliği gibi televizyon sisteminin ve televizyon arıza-onarım-bakım konularının işlendiği derslerde, derslerin pratik uygulama kısmında kullanılmak üzere bir televizyon deney seti tasarlanmış ve gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu deney seti ile öğrenciler/ kursiyerler derste edindiği teorik bilgiler ışığında televizyon sistemlerini daha iyi kavrayabilecek, televizyon arızalarını bulma becerisini uygulamalı olarak geliştirebilecektir. Deney setine ek olarak televizyon ile bağlantılı bir ölçüm panosu da gerçekleştirilmiştir. Böylece televizyon üzerinde istenen ölçümler rahatça yapılabilmektedir. Geliştirilen deney setinde, kullanıcının birden fazla hatayı aynı anda gerçekleştirerek hata bulma adımlarını geliştirmesi mümkündür.

  8. Detection of Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma spp., Rickettsia spp., and other eubacteria in ticks from the Thai-Myanmar border and Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parola, Philippe; Cornet, Jean-Paul; Sanogo, Yibayiri Osée; Miller, R Scott; Thien, Huynh Van; Gonzalez, Jean-Paul; Raoult, Didier; Telford III, Sam R; Wongsrichanalai, Chansuda

    2003-04-01

    A total of 650 ticks, including 13 species from five genera, were collected from animals, from people, or by flagging of the vegetation at sites on the Thai-Myanmar border and in Vietnam. They were tested by PCR to detect DNA of bacteria of the order RICKETTSIALES: Three Anaplasma spp. were detected in ticks collected in Thailand, including (i) Anaplasma sp. strain AnDa465, which was considered a genotype of Anaplasma platys (formerly Ehrlichia platys) and which was obtained from Dermacentor auratus ticks collected from dogs; (ii) Anaplasma sp. strain AnAj360, which was obtained from Amblyomma javanense ticks collected on a pangolin; and (iii) Anaplasma sp. strain AnHl446, which was closely related to Anaplasma bovis and which was detected in Haemaphysalis lagrangei ticks collected from a bear. Three Ehrlichia spp. were identified, including (i) Ehrlichia sp. strain EBm52, which was obtained from Boophilus microplus ticks collected from cattle from Thailand; (ii) Ehrlichia sp. strain EHh324, which was closely related to Ehrlichia chaffeensis and which was detected in Haemaphysalis hystricis ticks collected from wild pigs in Vietnam; and (iii) Ehrlichia sp. strain EHh317, which was closely related to Ehrlichia sp. strain EBm52 and which was also detected in H. hystricis ticks collected from wild pigs in Vietnam. Two Rickettsia spp. were detected in Thailand, including (i) Rickettsia sp. strain RDla420, which was detected in Dermacentor auratus ticks collected from a bear, and (ii) Rickettsia sp. strain RDla440, which was identified from two pools of Dermacentor larvae collected from a wild pig nest. Finally, two bacteria named Eubacterium sp. strain Hw124 and Eubacterium sp. strain Hw191 were identified in Haemaphysalis wellingtoni ticks collected from chicken in Thailand; these strains could belong to a new group of bacteria.

  9. Inventario de la planificación sectorial y territorial en Andalucía

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    José Manuel Jurado Almonte

    1992-02-01

    Full Text Available Es nuestro objetivo concretar las variadas políticas sectoriales y territoriales vigentes en la actualidad o derogadas en tiempos recientes en Andalucía, así como delimitar aquellos espacios municipales y comarcales sobre los que se han actuado. Dicho análisis se puede realizar a dos niveles: •\tActuaciones territoriales procedentes de las tres escalas básicas: Comunita­ria, Administración Central y Adm inistración Autonómica. •\tDiferenciación de las actuación es entre aquellas que son de tipo general, para un desarrollo integral del territorio, y aquellas que inciden más de forma sectorial aunque sobre la base de un territorio concreto. Dado el amplio conjunto de intervenciones territoriales, se ha procedido a una valoración de las mismas, centrándonos en aquellas que poseen una concreción territorial más definida. A su vez, éstas han sido cartografiadas en el mapa anda­luz a nivel municipal a diferencia de otros estudios similares (AMA, 1990 que barajan la escala comarcal. Si bien para determinadas intervenciones (comarcas agrarias, espacios naturales, etc. se recoge la zonificación real, sin atender a los límites municipales. También se ha considerado el criterio evolutivo, desde los primeros instrumentos de planificación a nivel central hasta los recientes instru­mentos o programas de desarrollo proceden tes de la Comunidad Europea.

  10. Younger people with Type 2 diabetes have poorer self-care practices compared with older people: results from the Australian National Diabetes Audit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanayakkara, N; Pease, A J; Ranasinha, S; Wischer, N; Andrikopoulos, S; de Courten, B; Zoungas, S

    2018-05-05

    This cross-sectional study compares the self-care practices of younger and older people with Type 2 diabetes. Data were analysed from the Australian National Diabetes Audit (ANDA) including 2552 adults with Type 2 diabetes from Australian Diabetes Centres. Pre-specified demographic and clinical variables were obtained. Self-care variables (physical activity, following dietary recommendations, medication adherence and monitoring blood glucose levels) were compared in people ≤ 64 and > 64 years of age. Mean age (± sd) of participants was 63 ± 13 years overall, 53 ± 9 years for the younger group and 73 ± 6 years for the older group. A greater proportion of younger people had HbA 1c levels > 53 mmol/mol (> 7.0%) (76% vs. 68%), reported difficulty following dietary recommendations (50% vs. 32%) and forgetting medications (37% vs. 22%) compared with older people (all P-values  64 years required insulin therapy (59% vs. 57%, P = 0.200). Younger age was associated with a twofold increase in the odds of not following the recommended self-care practices after adjustment for gender, smoking, insulin therapy, depression and allied health attendance (all P < 0.001). Despite shorter diabetes duration, younger age was associated with worse glycaemic control and poorer diabetes self-care practices among people with Type 2 diabetes. Targeted strategies are required to optimize diabetes self-care practices and thereby glycaemic control. © 2018 Diabetes UK.

  11. MARKETING ANALYZE OF JERUK SIAM (CITRUS NOBILUS LOURVAR IN DESA PULAU JAMBU KECAMATAN KUOK KABUPATEN KAMPAR

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    Gita Dewanti

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The marketing of Jeruk Siam principally is about the distribution of the fruits from the farmers to the consumers. This research aims ti analyze: the marketing function, marketing channels, cost, margin, profit, marketing efficiency, and the problem that faced by the marketing institution of Jeruk Siam in Desa Pulau Jambu Kecamatan Kuok Kabupaten Kampar. This research uses the survey method and taking sample of the farmers by the census with the criteria, has minimal 1 hectare of firm land and the age of the plant is about 3-4 years. The sample determining of the marketing institution uses the snow ball sampling method by following the marketing channels. In this reseacrh there are three channels. Channel 1 is the distribution from the farmer to Swalayan Jumbo Mart (super grade, grade A, grade B, channel 2 is the distribution from the farmers-collector-retailer (grade B, grade C, usual grade, channel 3 is the distribution from the farmers to the retailres. The marketing function those are influence to the farmers are exchange function and marketing facility function. The result of the research shows the efficient channel. Seen from the efficiency, channel 3 has 0,93%. Profit, channel 2 grade C has Rp. 1.290,21/kg. Marketing cost, channel 3 has Rp. 93,344/kg. Margin, channel 1 Super grade has Rp. 1.750/kg, and the farmer’s share, channel 3 has 95,19%. The problem of the farmers are the extreme weather, there is no irigation, anda plant disease, while the problems of the marketing institution is the endurance of the fruits for distributing to the far place.

  12. PERAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP KEJADIAN BALITA PENDEK DI INDONESIA (THE CONTEXTUAL ROLE OF OCCURRENCE STUNTED ON CHILDREN UNDER FIVE IN INDONESIA

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    Sihadi Suhadi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Prevalensi anak balita pendek di Indonesia sebesar 36,8 persen. Anak yang balita pendek yang berat mempunyai IQ 11 point lebih rendah dibandingkan anak balita yang tidak pendek. Analisis ini mencari faktor penyebab anak balita pendek dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap terjadinya balita pendek. Tujuan: Diketahui faktor penyebab dari level individu, rumah tangga, dan provinsi terhadap kejadian balita pendek. Metodologi: Data yang digunakan bersumber data sekunder dari data Riskesdas 2010, data tersier dari BPS, IPKM, dan IPM. Jumlah sampel yang dianalisis sebesar 9 897 anak balita. Analisis statistik dengan menggunakan multilevel statistical model binary logistic regression.  Hasil:            Level provinsi mempunyai kontribusi 51,9 persen, individu 34,9 persen, dan rumah tangga 13,2 persen terhadap terjadinya anak balita pendek. Proporsi balita pendek 44,5 persen dapat diturunkan menjadi 42,5 persen bila konsumsi energi balita diperbaiki, menjadi 40,8 persen bila konsumsi energi rumah tangga diperbaiki, menjadi 43,2 persen bila ekonomi rumah tangga diperbaiki, menjadi 32,6 persen bila pola asuh diperbaiki, menjadi 35,8 persen bila ibu tidak pendek, menjadi 39,4 persen bila pendidikan ibu diperbaiki, dan menjadi 41,4 persen bila kemiskinan di tingkat provinsi diperbaiki. Simak Baca secara fonetik Kamus - Lihat kamus yang lebih detail Terjemahkan situs web mana pun NouvelObs-PrancisLa Información-SpanyolZamalek Fans-ArabSueddeutsche.de-JermanNews.de-JermanFocus Online-JermanNord-Cinema-PrancisTelegraph.co.uk-InggrisOneIndia-HindiMachu Picchu-SpanyolGuardian.co.uk-InggrisEl Confidencial-Spanyol Lakukan banyak hal dengan Google Terjemahan Cari resep sushi terbaik di dunia, tentunya dalam bahasa Jepang! Bebaskan kekuatan Penelusuran yang Diterjemahkan Google.Tetap berhubungan dengan sahabat pena Anda di Paris. Aktifkan terjemahan otomatis untuk email dan ngobrol di Gmail.Apa sih artinya

  13. Viability equation to determine the longevity of fungicide-treated seeds of wheat stored in a conventional warehouse = Equação de viabilidade para determinar a longevidade de sementes de trigo tratadas com fungicida em armazém convencional

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    Maria Celeste Marcondes

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to determine the deterioration rate of BRS 208 and CD 104 wheat cultivar seeds, treated with fungicides, by applying the viability equation. Seeds were stored in conventional warehouses in Mauá da Serra and Londrina, in the State of Paraná, Brazil. Four seed lots were divided into four replications, half being treated with Carboxin + Thiran and the other half taken as controls, without treatment, and these were stored for 300 days. The germination data were transformed into probit, anda straight line was adjusted between 0 and 30 days. The treated seed lot of cv. BRS 208 stored in Londrina gave seed deterioration rates varying from 0.8.10-3 to 1.3.10-3, not differing from the values given for the similar lot stored in Mauá da Serra, of 0.9.10-3.Thedeterioration rates of the treated seed of cv. CD 104 were 1.2.10-3 in Mauá da Serra and 2.0.10-3 in Londrina, which are greater than those values given for untreated seeds of 0.4.10-3 and 0.5.10-3.This model provides an effective approach to predict the untreated and treated seed longevity of wheat for the purpose of managing seeds.O objetivo deste trabalho foi aplicar a equação de viabilidade para determinar a taxa de deterioração e a longevidade das sementes de trigo, tratada com fungicida, das cultivares BRS 208 e CD 104, emarmazenamento convencional, em Mauá da Serra e Londrina, PR. Quatro lotes de sementes foram divididos em quatro partes, sendo a metade tratada com fungicida Carboxim + Thiram, armazenados por 300 dias. Os dados de germinação foram transformados em probit e a declividade da reta foi calculada entre zero e 30 dias. Os lotes tratados, da cv BRS208, armazenados em Londrina tiveram o coeficiente variando de 0,8.10-3 a 1,3.10-3, não diferenciando de Mauá da Serra, 0,9.10-3. A taxa de deterioração para a semente tratada da cv. CD 104 foi 1,2.10-3 em Mauá da Serra e 2,0.10-3 em Londrina, foi superior a 0,4.10-3 e 0,5.10-3 para sementes

  14. The generics in transplantation and the rules on their use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masri, Marwan

    2003-06-01

    By definition a product identified by its official chemical name rather than an advertised brand name is called a generic. If a drug exert its pharmacological effects at the same site, have the same potency, same dosage form and same bioavailability as a brand name, reference listed drug (RLD), is considered as a generic. However inactive ingredients can differ between brand name and generic. It is through the regulations of the FDA that the generics gained many ground in the drug market, they currently account to more than 42% of the total prescription in the USA. These regulations include the abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) for the registration process and drug substitution at the pharmacy level without patient or physician consent. This coupled with a keen interest of third party payers and the health authorities to reduce the high transplant health budget (over 2 Billion US $) made it a necessity to introduce the generics into the field of transplantation. Using the above mentioned definition we can theoretically say that all anti-lymphocytes, produced in the same animal species, are generic of each. Moreover, monoclonal antibodies that are directed against the same target and have the same bioavailability are also consider generics to each other. Of all the immunosuppressive drugs that have been introduced into the field of transplantation none has been as dominant as Cyclosporine. Cyclosporine became and still is the backbone for any immunosuppressive protocol. In the year 1992, Consupren, the first, non-FDA approved, generic to Sandimmun was introduced. Although Consupren was not bioequivalent to Neoral, however, long-term results in kidney transplantation have been similar for both drugs. The introduction of Consupren resulted in a near 40% reduction in the total cost of immunosuppressive therapy. Interestingly the cost of the brand name drug Neoral was also reduced by 20%. The cost reduction allowed the introduction of the new immunosuppressive

  15. LAS COMPETENCIAS DE LA GENERALITAT DE CATALUÑA EN MATERIA DE PROTECCIÓN PÚBLICA DE MENORES

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    Ángeles de Palma del Teso

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Legal institutions for the public protection of minors are at present regulatedby regulations enacted as civil legislation. This study looks at the reasonswhy this was the case. Catalan legislators continued down the road that Spanish state legislators had travelled beforehand. In fact, by this meansSpanish state legislators sought, and to a large extent succeeded in, unifying,standardising and including the regulations in this area into commonlaw. This process of "making civil" a task of the government had createddistortions, ranging from some decreases in citizen's guarantees when dealingwith the Government to considerable legal uncertainty. That is why itwould be wise to retrace our steps to make the government's work interms of the protection of minors more administrative. It is the right timeto do so. A process reforming the legislation for public protection of minorsis now under way in Catalonia. First, the Department of Justice is producinga draft law which will approve the second book of the Catalonia CivilCode, which regulates the protection of minors. At the same time, theDepartment of Social Action and Citizenship has begun the process to enacta new Law regulating childhood and adolescence. These legal texts willtherefore regulate the public and private institutions protecting minors anda legal regime will be established for them. The Civil Code should regulatethe legal/private institutions for the protection of minors, under the jurisdictionof civil legislation (art. 129 of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia.However, the legal and public institutions for the protection of minors shouldbe regulated within a governmental framework, as social services and publicprotection of minors (art. 166 of the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia.Despite this, to the extent that the private and public institutions for theprotection of minors are interrelated, the two regulations must complementeach other. This is beside the fact that a civil law

  16. [3-dimensional computer animation--a new medium for supporting patient education before surgery. Acceptance and assessment of patients based on a prospective randomized study--picture versus text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermann, M

    2002-05-01

    of new media such as the world wide web, CD, DVD, and digital TV are readily available and--as shown here--suitable for effective visual explanation. Most patients are familiar with acquiring new information by one of these means. An appropriately designed 3D repre-sentation is met with a high level of acceptance, as the present study clearly shows. Modern patient-based information systems are necessary. They can no longer be the sole responsibility of the medical profession, but must be on the agenda of hospital managements and of medical care systems as well.

  17. Bariatric Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Patients with BMI <30 kg/m2: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

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    Attit Baskota

    Full Text Available The role of bariatric surgery in non-obese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM remains unclear, and its use in clinical practice is controversial. We conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to investigate the metabolic changes after surgical treatment in diabetic patients with body mass index (BMI <30 kg/m2.We conducted a comprehensive search in MEDLINE (PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library of published articles from January 2000 to April 2013 reporting the clinical outcome changes in various metabolic outcomes in diabetic patients with BMI <30 kg/m2.Ten prospective studies including 290 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Bariatric surgery led to an overall 2.79 kg/m2 [95%CI 2.05~3.53, P<0.00001] reduction in BMI, a 1.88%[95%CI 1.32~2.43, P<0.00001] reduction in glycosylated hemoglobin, a 3.70 mmol/L [95%CI, 1.93~5.47, P<0.00001] reduction in fasting blood glucose, a 6.69 mmol/L [95%CI, 2.29~11.08, P=0.003] reduction in postprandial glucose, anda 3.37 [95%CI 0.55~6.18, P=0.02] reduction in homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR. After surgical treatment, 76.2% of the patients were insulin free, and 61.8% patients were off medication. In total, 90(42.4%, 10(37% and 34(37.2% patients had post-surgical HbA1c levels of <6%,<6.5% and<7%, respectively. No deaths were observed in the included studies, and the major complication rate was 6.2%.Based on the currently available data, bariatric surgery might improve glycemic control and weight loss in a very limited range with a doubled surgical complication rate in drug-refractory T2DM patients with BMI <30 kg/m2. It remains too premature to suggest bariatric surgery for non-obese T2DM patients.

  18. TÜRKİYE HAVAYOLU YOLCU TAŞIMACILIĞI SEKTÖRÜNDE HİZMET KALİTESİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÖLÇÜMLENMESİ

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    Oğuz YILDIZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Yeni müşteriler kazanmak ve mevcut müşterileri elde tutmak bir süredir hizmet işletmeleri için iki önemli konu olmuştur. Hizmetin her aşamasında fark yaratmak bu iki amacın başarılmasında anahtar bir etkendir. Hizmet sunumunun farklılaştırılması açısından hizmet kalitesi göz önüne alındığında, müşterilere sağlanan hizmetin kalitesini ölçmenin önemi ortaya çıkmaktadır. Hizmet işletmeleri için hizmet kalitesini ölçmek zor bir konudur çünkü hizmet soyuttur, değişkendir, dayanıksızdır ve son olarak hizmetin üretimi ve tüketimi aynı anda gerçekleşmektedir. Hizmet kalitesinin ölçümü işletmelere pazarlama faaliyetlerini nasıl yönetecekleri bilgisini sağlar. Bu nedenle bu ölçme işlemi doğru ölçeklerle yapılmalıdır. Bu çalışmada ilk olarak hizmet kalitesi yazınsalı incelenmiş daha sonra yüz yüze anket yöntemiyle araştırmaya temel teşkil edecek veriler toplanmıştır. Araştırmada son olarak, keşifsel faktör analizi yapılmış ve hizmet kalitesini ölçen iki model karşılaştırılmıştır. Araştırmadaki bulgular, ağırlıklı SERVPERF ölçeğinin algılanan hizmet kalitesini ağırlıklı SERVQUAL ölçeğinden daha fazla açıkladığını ortaya koymuştur.

  19. Estudo anátomo-morfológico de dicotiledôneas das dunas de Salvador - Bahia: Borreria cymosa Cham. et Schl. e Chiococca brachiata R. et P. (Rubiaceae Morpho-anatomic studies of dicotiledons from Salvador - Bahia dunes: Borreria cymosa Chamo et Schl. and Chiococca brachiata R. et P. (Rubiaceae

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    Elzeni Diladelfo de Gusmão

    1992-07-01

    Full Text Available Prosseguindo as pesquisas sobre a vegetação das Dunas do Abaeté, Salvador, Bahia, apresentam-se as Rubiaceae: Borreria cymosa e Chiococca brachiata. Cortes histológicos à mão livre, com lâminas de barbear, seguindo-se as técnicas de rotina. Estudaram-se as epidermes, mesofilo, nervura central, bordo e pecíolo. Contaram-se os estômatos por área foliar. Folhas dorsiventrais e hipoestomáticas, glabras, cutícula adaxial espessa e brilhante. Numerosas gotas lipídicas, esclereídeos no córtex do pecíolo e nervura central. Borreria: tem epiderme abaxial com paredes fortemente sinuosas e estrias epicuticulares; células incolores, subjacentes à epiderme adaxial; mesofilo com drusas e ráfides de oxolato de cálcio, bainhas de células volumosas envolvendo todos os feixes. Chiococca: epiderme de paredes curvas, cutícula formando "flanges" ao nível da nervura mediana, bordo e pecíolo. Pequenas células cheias de cloroplastos envolvem feixes menores. Clorênquima denso. Conclui-se que as plantas apresentam caracteres de adaptação ao meio xérico. As características anatômicas tanto quanto ao morfológicas individualizam os taxons.Following studies of the vegetation from the dunes of Abaeté, Salvador, Bahia, the Rubiaceae Borreria cymosa and Chiococca brachiata are described. Free hand histological were made with razor blades, following routine procedures. The epidermis, mesophyll, central nerve, margin and petiole were studied. Stomata per area of leaf were counted. Dorsiventral and hypoestomatic leaves, glabrous, adaxial cuticle heavy anda brillant. Numerous lipid droplets, sclereids in cortex of petiole and central nerve. Borreria: has abaxial epidermis with strongly sinuos walls and striated; cells colorless, subjacent to adaxial epidermis; mesophyll with druses and raphides of calcium oxalate, sheaths of volumous cells wrapping all the bundles. Chiococca: epiderm with curved walls, cuticle forming "flanges" at the level of the

  20. ASHIQ OMER IN THE MODERN CRIMEAN TATAR LITERATURE MODERN KIRIM-TATAR EDEBİYATINDA ÂŞIK ÖMER

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    Emek ÜŞENMEZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ashiq Omer is a bard of the 17th century. Researches that have been made lately new perspectives about his origin and the literary circle he is a member of most of the works produced in Turkey claim that he is from Gozleve (Qorualan, a small town in Qonya whereas works produced abroad claim him to be from Kezlev (Gezleve in Crimea. Therefore two different literary circles Turkey anda Crimea emerge.This article aims to compare and contrast the works on Ashiq Omer. Works produced about Ashiq Omer the contemporary Crimean Tatar literatüre and his influence on the so-called literary tradition are discussed Âşık Ömer 17. Yüzyıl saz şairlerindendir. Son zamanlarda yapılan çalışmalarda Âşık Ömer’in nereli ve hangi edebî muhite dâhil olduğu konusunda farklı görüşler ortaya konulmuştur. Türkiye’de yapılan çalışmaların çoğunda Âşık Ömer’in Konya’nın Hadim ilçesine bağlı Gözleve (Korualan kasabasından olduğu kesin bir dille ifade edilirken yurtdışında yapılan çalışmalarda ise onun Kırım’ın Kezlev (Gezleve şehrinden olduğu söylenmektedir. Bu durumda Kırım ve Türkiye olmak üzere iki farklı edebî muhit ortaya çıkmaktadır.Bu çalışmada öncelikle Âşık Ömer hakkında söylenilenler ve yapılan çalışmalar mukayeseli olarak ortaya konulmuştur. Çağdaş Kırım Tatar edebiyatında Âşık Ömer üzerine yapılan çalışmalar ele alınıp onun modern Kırım Tatar edebiyatına olan etkisi üzerinde durulmuştur.

  1. Commercial serological tests for the diagnosis of active pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen R Steingart

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Serological (antibody detection tests for tuberculosis (TB are widely used in developing countries. As part of a World Health Organization policy process, we performed an updated systematic review to assess the diagnostic accuracy of commercial serological tests for pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB with a focus on the relevance of these tests in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration and GRADE approach for rating quality of evidence. In a previous review, we searched multiple databases for papers published from 1 January 1990 to 30 May 2006, and in this update, we add additional papers published from that period until 29 June 2010. We prespecified subgroups to address heterogeneity and summarized test performance using bivariate random effects meta-analysis. For pulmonary TB, we included 67 studies (48% from low- and middle-income countries with 5,147 participants. For all tests, estimates were variable for sensitivity (0% to 100% and specificity (31% to 100%. For anda-TB IgG, the only test with enough studies for meta-analysis, pooled sensitivity was 76% (95% CI 63%-87% in smear-positive (seven studies and 59% (95% CI 10%-96% in smear-negative (four studies patients; pooled specificities were 92% (95% CI 74%-98% and 91% (95% CI 79%-96%, respectively. Compared with ELISA (pooled sensitivity 60% [95% CI 6%-65%]; pooled specificity 98% [95% CI 96%-99%], immunochromatographic tests yielded lower pooled sensitivity (53%, 95% CI 42%-64% and comparable pooled specificity (98%, 95% CI 94%-99%. For extrapulmonary TB, we included 25 studies (40% from low- and middle-income countries with 1,809 participants. For all tests, estimates were variable for sensitivity (0% to 100% and specificity (59% to 100%. Overall, quality of evidence was graded very low for studies of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite expansion of the literature since 2006, commercial

  2. Social Disparities in Drinking Water Quality in California's San Joaquin Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, I.; Balazs, C.; Hubbard, A.; Morello-Frosch, R.

    2011-12-01

    Social Disparities in Drinking Water Quality in California's San Joaquin Valley Carolina Balazs, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Alan Hubbard and Isha Ray Little attention has been given to research on social disparities and environmental justice in access to safe drinking water in the USA. We examine the relationship between nitrate and arsenic concentrations in community water systems (CWS) and the ethnic and socioeconomic characteristics of their customers. We hypothesized that systems in the San Joaquin Valley that serve a higher proportion of minority (especially Latino) residents, and/or lower socioeconomic status (proxied by rates of home ownership) residents, have higher nitrate levels and higher arsenic levels. We used water quality monitoring datasets (1999-2001) to estimate nitrate as well as arsenic levels in CWS, and source location and Census block group data to estimate customer demographics. We found that percent Latino was associated with a .04 mg NO3/L increase in a CWS' estimated nitrate ion concentration (95% CI, -.08, .16) and rate of home ownership was associated with a .16 mg NO3/L decrease (95% CI, -.32, .002). We also found that each percent increase in home ownership rate was associated with a .30 ug As/L decrease in arsenic concentrations (pcompliance burdens in accordance with EPA standards fell most heavily on socio-economically disadvantaged communities. Selected References Cory DC, Rahman T. 2009. Environmental justice and enforcement of the safe drinking water act: The arizona arsenic experience. Ecological Economics 68: 1825-1837. Krieger N, Williams DR, Moss NE. 1997. Measuring social class in us public health research: Concepts, methodologies, and guidelines. Annual Review of Public Health 18(341-378). Moore E, Matalon E, Balazs C, Clary J, Firestone L, De Anda S, Guzman, M. 2011. The human costs of nitrate-contaminated drinking water in the San Joaquin Valley. Oakland, CA: Pacific Institute. Morello-Frosch R, Pastor M, Sadd J. 2001

  3. Serological testing versus other strategies for diagnosis of active tuberculosis in India: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

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    David W Dowdy

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Undiagnosed and misdiagnosed tuberculosis (TB drives the epidemic in India. Serological (antibody detection TB tests are not recommended by any agency, but widely used in many countries, including the Indian private sector. The cost and impact of using serology compared with other diagnostic techniques is unknown.Taking a patient cohort conservatively equal to the annual number of serological tests done in India (1.5 million adults suspected of having active TB, we used decision analysis to estimate costs and effectiveness of sputum smear microscopy (US$3.62 for two smears, microscopy plus automated liquid culture (mycobacterium growth indicator tube [MGIT], US$20/test, and serological testing (anda-tb ELISA, US$20/test. Data on test accuracy and costs were obtained from published literature. We adopted the perspective of the Indian TB control sector and an analysis frame of 1 year. Our primary outcome was the incremental cost per disability-adjusted life year (DALY averted. We performed one-way sensitivity analysis on all model parameters, with multiway sensitivity analysis on variables to which the model was most sensitive. If used instead of sputum microscopy, serology generated an estimated 14,000 more TB diagnoses, but also 121,000 more false-positive diagnoses, 102,000 fewer DALYs averted, and 32,000 more secondary TB cases than microscopy, at approximately four times the incremental cost (US$47.5 million versus US$11.9 million. When added to high-quality sputum smears, MGIT culture was estimated to avert 130,000 incremental DALYs at an incremental cost of US$213 per DALY averted. Serology was dominated by (i.e., more costly and less effective than MGIT culture and remained less economically favorable than sputum smear or TB culture in one-way and multiway sensitivity analyses.In India, sputum smear microscopy remains the most cost-effective diagnostic test available for active TB; efforts to increase access to quality-assured microscopy

  4. SU-D-213AB-05: Commissioning a CT Compatible LDR T&O Applicator Using Analytical Calculation with ID and 3D Dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, J; Newton, J; Steffey, B; Cai, J; Adamovics, J; Oldham, M; Chino, J; Craciunescu, O

    2012-06-01

    To determine the characteristics of a new commercially available CT-compatible LDR Tandem and Ovoid (T&O) applicator using 3D dosimetry. We characterized source attenuation through the asymmetric gold shielding in the buckets by measuring dose with diode and 3D dosimetry and compared to an analytical line integral calculation. For 3D dosimetry, a cylindrical PRESAGE dosimeter (9.5cm diameter, 9.2cm height) with a central 6mm channel bored for source placement was scanned with the Duke Large field of view Optical CT-Scanner (DLOS) before and after delivering a nominal 7.7Gy at a distance of 1 cm using a Cs-137 source loaded in the bucket. The optical CT scan time lasted approximately 15 minutes during which 720 projections were acquired at 0.5° increments, anda 3D dose distribution was reconstructed with a 0.5mm 3 isotropic voxel size. The 3D dose distribution was applied to a CT-based T&O implant to determine effect of ovoid shielding on the dose delivered to ICRU 38 Point A as well as D2cc of the bladder, rectum, bowel, and sigmoid. Dose transmission through the gold shielding at a radial distance of 1-3cm from midplane of the source was 86.6%, 86.1, and 87.0% for analytical calculation, diode, and 3D dosimetry, respectively. For the gold shielding of the bucket, dose transmission calculated using the 3D dosimetrymeasurement was found to be lowest at oblique angles from the bucket witha minimum of ∼51%. For the patient case, attenuation from the buckets leadto a decrease in average Point A dose of ∼4% and decrease in D2cc to bladder, rectum, sigmoid, and bowel of 2%, 15%, 2%, and 7%, respectively. The measured 3D dose distribution provided unique insight to the dosimetry and shielding characteristics of the investigated applicator, the technique for which can be applied to commissioning of other brachytherapy applicators. John Adamovics is the owner of Heuris Pharma LLC. Partially supported by NIH Grant R01 CA100835-01. © 2012 American Association of

  5. STRATEGI MENCIPTAKAN, MEMPERTAHANKAN DAN MENJUAL PERSONAL BRANDING JELANG PEMILU 2014

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    Bambang Joko Priyono

    2014-11-01

    menjadiidentitas saat ini. Dimana diidentikkan dan diasosiasikan dengan apa yang dimiliki saat ini.Dengan membangun personal branding di masa kini, siapapun akan semakin natural di masadepan. Personal Branding merupakan kunci untuk membangun dan menghasilkan jutaanorang-orang yang profesional. Personal brand (merek diri digunakan sebagai alat untukmembentuk pandangan orang lain kepada diri anda terutama dalam periode mendekati masapemilu 2014.

  6. Gıda Sanayiinde Ekstruzyonla İşleme Teknolojisi

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    Şahin Tanju

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Geçtiğimiz son 10-15 yıl içinde ekstruzyonla gıda maddeleri üretimi, hububata dayalı gıda endüstrisinin en hızlı büyüyen bölümü olmuştur. Bu konuda yapılan çalışmalar ekstruzyon yöntemi ile tad, doku ve yapıca farklı çok çeşitli ürünlerin yapılabileceğini göstermiştir (Faubion ve ark. 1982. Ekstruzyonla gıda işleme (Extrusion Cooking basit olarak nemlendirilmiş nişastalı ve proteinli maddelerin bir silindir içinde dönen vida yardımıyla oluşturulan mekanik kesme, yüksek basın ve sıcaklığın birlikte etkisi ile şekillendirilebilir hale getirilip pişirilmesidir. Bu üç faktörün etkisi ile maddenin bünyesindeki nişasta çirişlenir, proteinler denatüre olur, çekme, kesme gibi mekanik etkininde yardımıyla maddenin yapısı tamamen değişir. Başlık da denilen kalıp delikçiklerinden basınç altında dışarı itilirken belirli bir şekle girer dilekten çıktığı anda eksotermik bir genişleme sonucu son şeklini alır. İp, şerit, ince boru gibi şekiller alan ürün daha sonra istenilen uzunluklarda kesilir (Hauck, 1980.

  7. STRATEGI PROMOSI EVENT NAMASTE FESTIVAL

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    Arie Wibowo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Promotion Strategy is the method that you use to promote the product. If we use the wrong promotion strategy, it will bring the disadvantage for the product and company. And on the contrary, if we are using the right promotion strategy, then it will bring the benefit for the product selling as did by Namaste Festival Event. This research was conducted in order to discover how promotion strategy of Namaste Festival Event to attract Yoga market by using promotion strategy theory. This research was guided by a qualitative approach with descriptive research in particular. The method being used was case study by conducting in-depth interviews. This research enabled the writer to discuss about the promotion strategy that being used by Namaste Festival event to increase the number of visitor. Therefore the researcher will able to get view on how PT Namaste Jaya Aditi as the organizer could run the promotion to get high number of visitor. After conducting an analysis, the main conclusion of this research is that the promotion strategy that been used by Namaste Festival organize is integrated several promotion activities such as online marketing, pre event road show, selling promotion, advertising (television and media printing & publicity. The result of this research is also said that promotion strategy that been use has an important role to attract visitor to participate in the event. Strategi Promosi adalah metode yang Anda gunakan untuk mempromosikan produk. Jika kita menggunakan strategi promosi yang salah, maka akan membawa kerugian bagi produk dan perusahaan. Dan sebaliknya, jika kita menggunakan strategi promosi yang tepat, maka akan membawa keuntungan bagi penjualan produk seperti yang dilakukan oleh Namaste Festival Event. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui bagaimana strategi promosi Namaste Festival Event untuk menarik pasar Yoga dengan menggunakan teori strategi promosi. Penelitian ini dipandu oleh pendekatan kualitatif dengan

  8. [Abnormal floral meristem development in transgenic tomato plants do not depend on the expression of genes encoding defense-related PR-proteins and antimicrobial peptides].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaliluev, M R; Chaban, I A; Kononenko, N V; Baranova, E N; Dolgov, S V; Kharchenko, P N; Poliakov, V Iu

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the morphological and cytoembryological analyses of the tomato plants transformed with the genes encoding chitin-binding proteins (ac and RS-intron-Shir) from Amaranthus caudatus L. andA. retroflexus L., respectively, as well as the gene amp2 encoding hevein-like antimicrobial peptides from Stellaria media L., have been performed. The transgenic lines were adapted to soil and grown the greenhouse. The analysis of putative transgenic tomato plants revealed several lines that did not differ phenotypically from the wild type plants and three lines with disruption in differentiation of the inflorescence shoot and the flower, as well as the fruit formation (modified plants of each line were transformed with a single gene as noted before). Abnormalities in the development of the generative organs were maintained for at least six vegetative generations. These transgenic plants were shown to be defective in the mail gametophyte formation, fertilization, and, consequently, led to parthenocarpic fruits. The detailed analysis of growing ovules in the abnormal transgenic plants showed that the replacement tissue was formed and proliferated instead of unfertilized embryo sac. The structure of the replacement tissue differed from both embryonic and endosperm tissue of the normal ovule. The formation of the replacement tissue occurred due to continuing proliferation of the endothelial cells that lost their ability for differentiation. The final step in the development of the replacement tissue was its death, which resulted in the cell lysis. The expression of the genes used was confirmed by RT-PCR in all three lines with abnormal phenotype, as well as in several lines that did not phenotypically differ from the untransformed control. This suggests that abnormalities in the organs of the generative sphere in the transgenic plants do not depend on the expression of the foreign genes that were introduced in the tomato genome. Here, we argue that agrobacterial

  9. Stýrinet: Nýsköpun innan Stjórnarráðsins. Nýtt verklag í samstarfi milli stjórnsýslustiga

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    Héðinn Unnsteinsson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Í þessari grein er vakin athygli á nýju samskiptaformi sem er að ryðja sér til rúms innan stjórnsýslunnar með tilkomu stefnumörkunarinnar Ísland 2020. Stýrinet (e. governance network er hugtak sem æ fleiri fræðimenn og embættismenn hafa skoðað síðastliðin tíu ár sem mögulegan valkost við stigveldisstjórnsýslu og útvistaða stjórnsýslu, sem varð vinsæl í lok tíunda áratugarins með tilkomu nýsköpunar í ríkisrekstri (New Public Management. Samstarf þvert á ráðuneyti eru ekki ný af nálinni en með stefnuskjalinu Ísland 2020 eru sett fram verkefni sem krefjast annars konar vinnubragða en tíðkast hafa áður innan stjórnsýslunnar. Ísland 2020 hefur ýtt bæði undir samhentari stjórnsýslu með auknu samstarfi en krefst þess jafnframt að starfshópar starfi í anda stýrineta svo að sem mestur árangur megi verða af starfi þeirra. Í greininni er stýrinetskerfi, sem sett var upp innan Stjórnarráðsins og landshlutasamtaka í tengslum við sóknaráætlanir landshluta, skoðað. Tilraun er gerð til að meta hvort stýrinet séu betur til þess fallin en annars konar samstarf til að skila markvissari árangri við lausn verkefna.

  10. Commercial Serological Tests for the Diagnosis of Active Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steingart, Karen R.; Flores, Laura L.; Dendukuri, Nandini; Schiller, Ian; Laal, Suman; Ramsay, Andrew; Hopewell, Philip C.; Pai, Madhukar

    2011-01-01

    Background Serological (antibody detection) tests for tuberculosis (TB) are widely used in developing countries. As part of a World Health Organization policy process, we performed an updated systematic review to assess the diagnostic accuracy of commercial serological tests for pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB with a focus on the relevance of these tests in low- and middle-income countries. Methods and Findings We used methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration and GRADE approach for rating quality of evidence. In a previous review, we searched multiple databases for papers published from 1 January 1990 to 30 May 2006, and in this update, we add additional papers published from that period until 29 June 2010. We prespecified subgroups to address heterogeneity and summarized test performance using bivariate random effects meta-analysis. For pulmonary TB, we included 67 studies (48% from low- and middle-income countries) with 5,147 participants. For all tests, estimates were variable for sensitivity (0% to 100%) and specificity (31% to 100%). For anda-TB IgG, the only test with enough studies for meta-analysis, pooled sensitivity was 76% (95% CI 63%–87%) in smear-positive (seven studies) and 59% (95% CI 10%–96%) in smear-negative (four studies) patients; pooled specificities were 92% (95% CI 74%–98%) and 91% (95% CI 79%–96%), respectively. Compared with ELISA (pooled sensitivity 60% [95% CI 6%–65%]; pooled specificity 98% [95% CI 96%–99%]), immunochromatographic tests yielded lower pooled sensitivity (53%, 95% CI 42%–64%) and comparable pooled specificity (98%, 95% CI 94%–99%). For extrapulmonary TB, we included 25 studies (40% from low- and middle-income countries) with 1,809 participants. For all tests, estimates were variable for sensitivity (0% to 100%) and specificity (59% to 100%). Overall, quality of evidence was graded very low for studies of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB. Conclusions Despite expansion of the literature since 2006

  11. Commercial serological antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis: a systematic review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen R Steingart

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The global tuberculosis epidemic results in nearly 2 million deaths and 9 million new cases of the disease a year. The vast majority of tuberculosis patients live in developing countries, where the diagnosis of tuberculosis relies on the identification of acid-fast bacilli on unprocessed sputum smears using conventional light microscopy. Microscopy has high specificity in tuberculosis-endemic countries, but modest sensitivity which varies among laboratories (range 20% to 80%. Moreover, the sensitivity is poor for paucibacillary disease (e.g., pediatric and HIV-associated tuberculosis. Thus, the development of rapid and accurate new diagnostic tools is imperative. Immune-based tests are potentially suitable for use in low-income countries as some test formats can be performed at the point of care without laboratory equipment. Currently, dozens of distinct commercial antibody detection tests are sold in developing countries. The question is "do they work?" METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a systematic review to assess the accuracy of commercial antibody detection tests for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Studies from all countries using culture and/or microscopy smear for confirmation of pulmonary tuberculosis were eligible. Studies with fewer than 50 participants (25 patients and 25 control participants were excluded. In a comprehensive search, we identified 68 studies. The results demonstrate that (1 overall, commercial tests vary widely in performance; (2 sensitivity is higher in smear-positive than smear-negative samples; (3 in studies of smear-positive patients, Anda-TB IgG by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay shows limited sensitivity (range 63% to 85% and inconsistent specificity (range 73% to 100%; (4 specificity is higher in healthy volunteers than in patients in whom tuberculosis disease is initially suspected and subsequently ruled out; and (5 there are insufficient data to determine the accuracy of most

  12. Observations on the spatial variability of the Prut river discharges

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    Emil-Andrei BRICIU

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Liquid and solid discharges of the Prut River were analysed based on measurementsperformed in 7 points from the Romanian national network of water monitoring during aperiod of 30 years. The analyses were performed on flows for the period after theconstruction of the Stânca-Costeşti dam and show the influence of the dam for the entireanalysed time. The analysis from upstream to downstream of the spatial variability of thePrut River annual discharges showed their steady increase downstream and then adecrease in the sector next to Oancea station. A statistical minority of the annualdischarges showed a continuous increase of them until the flowing of Prut into Danube.Knowing that the lower basin of the river is characterized by a low amount of rainfall anda higher evapo(transpiration than the remaining basin, the decreasing flows to the rivermouth is explicable; but the increasing flows to the river mouth cannot be justified, underthese conditions of water balance, than by certain climatological parameters of thermodynamicalnature which generate, with increased frequency, more intense and rich rainfall, with a torrential character. The analyses on couples of three months showed thatthe Oancea flows are higher than the upstream stations (opposite than usual in yearswhen the flows of the upstream hydrometrical stations are lower than the multiannualaverage and that supports the mentioned pluviometrical character. A plausible cause for"Oancea phenomenon" is the increase and the decrease of the sunspots number, whosecycles are relatively well fold on the increase and decrease of annual average flow atOancea hydrometrical station. The strongest increased discharges of the Prut River overthe discharges at the upstream stations occur from May to July (MJJ, the months with thehighest amount of rainfall. Seasonal analysis of MJJ and other couples of 3 monthsshowed that there are also growing flows at Prisăcani station relative to the adjacentstations, but

  13. Mengen Peynirinden Laktik Asit Bakterilerinin İzolasyonu, Moleküler Tanımlanması ve Bazı Starter Kültür Özelliklerinin Belirlenmesi

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    Aylin AKOĞLU

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmada 50 adet Mengen peyniri örneğinden toplam 117 adet laktik asit bakterisi izole edilmiş ve laktik asit bakteri florası % 44.5 Enterococcus spp., % 29.9 Lactobacillus spp., % 25.6 Lactococcus spp. olarak belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen izolatların asidifikasyon kapasiteleri ile proteolitik aktiviteleri tespit edilmiş, en iyi asidifikasyona ve proteolitik aktiviteye sahip 22 adet suş 16S rDNA dizi analizi ile tanımlanmıştır. Tanımlaması yapılan suşların 15’i (% 63 Enterococcus spp., 5’i (% 21, Lactococcus spp., 1’i (% 4 Lactobacillus spp. ve 1’i (% 4 Weissella spp. olarak belirlenmiştir. 15 adet Enterococcus spp. izolatından; 9’u (% 60 Enterococcus faecium, 4’ü (% 26.7 Enterococcus faecalis ve 2’si (% 13.3 Enterococcus durans olarak; 5 adet Lactococcus spp. izolatından, 3’ü (% 60 Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, 2’si (% 40 Lactococcus garvieae olarak tanımlanmıştır. Lactobacillus spp. ve Weissella spp. olarak tanımlanan suşların ise sırasıyla Lactobacillus casei ve Weissella viridescens olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Tanımlanan suşlar içerisinden aynı anda hem düşük proteolitik aktivite hem de yüksek asidifikasyon aktivitesi özelliği gösteren bir adet Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis suşu, Enterokoklar arasından bir adet Enterococcus faecalis, bir adet Enterococcus faecium ve iki adet Enterococcus durans suşu en iyi starter kültür özelliklerine sahip suşlar olarak belirlenmiştir.

  14. Forms of carbon in an oxisol under no-tillage and crop-livestock integration systems in the cerrado, Goias State, Brazil

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    Régis Pinheiro Martins Bezerra

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The no-tillage system (NTS and more recently, the crop-livestock integration (CLI are very used for grain production in the Cerrado biome. This, the soil organic matter (SOM is one of the main components responsible for maintaining the quality of tropical soils. This study aimed to quantify the levels of total organic carbon (TOC, total nitrogen (total N, water soluble carbon (WSC and carbon of humic fractions in areas with different land use systems in the Cerrado of Goias. The farming systems were used: CLI (brachiaria + corn/beans/cotton/soybean and NTS (sunflower/millet/soybean/corn andas a reference, area native Cerrado vegetation (Cerradão. We collected soil samples at 0-10, 10- 20, 20-30 and 30-40 cm. The contents of TOC, total N, WSC, humin fraction carbon (C-HUM, humic acid fraction (C-HAF and fulvic acid fraction (C-FAF. The area of Cerradão had the highest TOC, total N, C-HUM and C-FAH in the surface layer (0-10 cm. The levels of WSC and humic fractions of SOM showed significant differences between the systems of land use and sampling depths. The highest levels of C-HAF were found in the area of CLI, at 0-10 and 20-30 cm. The CLI systems and NTS did not differ for the TOC and total N except for N in layer 20-30 cm. The system CLI favors the formation of C-HUM compared to the NTS. The CLI system leads to lower levels of WSC and higher C-FAF compared with the NTS, which has higher levels of WSC and C-FAH. The use of WSC and carbon of humic fractions was more efficient to identify differences from the land use systems evaluated (NTS, CLI and Cerradão when compared to the TOC for the climatic conditions of this study.

  15. The influence of oxazaphosphorines alkylating agents on autonomic nervous system activity in rat experimental cystitis model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrek, Łukasz; Baranowska, Agnieszka; Thor, Piotr J

    2013-01-01

    HF) values, the VLF percentage change seems to be of special meaning. IF produced smaller autonomic disturbances, and gentler bladders histological abnormalities comparing to CP. However, similar to CP, VLF [%] relative augmentation together with LF [%] and HF [%] drop accompanied the global ANS activity decrease. Additionally, in the case of IF treatment, a slight trend of nLF increase with nHF decrease was noted, suggesting the possible functional rearrangement between sympathetic (nLF) and parasympathetic (nHF) tension. It seems possible that the vagal withdrawal and--as a consequence--sympathetic overactivity, reflected by VLF [%] enlargement and HF and LF [%] diminishing (as well as LF and HF values decrease), may be an evidence of impaired anti-inflammatory cholinergic pathway, aggravating bladder inflammatory lesions. To sum up, our study showed ANS impairment in both CP- and IF-evoked experimental HC that was reflected in HRV recordings. HRV study, thus, may be considered to be a diagnostic tool for CP/IF treated patients, estimating autonomic abnormalities, associated with the HC development risk and its clinical course.

  16. Macierzyństwo nastoletnich kobiet w aspekcie społecznym, psychologicznym i prawnym = Childbearing among teenage women as seen from the social, psychological and legal points of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Bałanda-Bałdyga

    2016-06-01

    3/ Powiatowe Centrum Medyczne Sp. z.o.o., 05-600 Grójec ul. Piotra Skargi 10     dr n. o zdrowiu Agnieszka Bałanda-Bałdyga, dr hab. n. med. Celina Łepecka-Klusek, dr n. med. Anna B. Pilewska-Kozak, mgr Agnieszka K.Pawłowska-Muc, dr n. med. Grażyna Stadnicka   Streszczenie Pomimo obserwowanych zmian w preferencjach, dotyczących zakładania rodziny i rosnących aspiracji życiowych młodych ludzi w zakresie poziomu wykształcenia oraz statusu zawodowego i społecznego, nadal obserwuje się wiele tysięcy urodzeń dzieci przez nastoletnie kobiety, w tym także w krajach wysokorozwiniętych. Przyczyn tej sytuacji upatruje się zarówno w akceleracji rozwojowej młodzieży, jak i w zmianie obyczajowości seksualnej, a szczególnie obniżaniu się wieku inicjacji seksualnej. Ze względu na konsekwencje przedwczesnego macierzyństwa zagadnienie to trzeba rozpatrywać wieloaspektowo. Konsekwencje bowiem nie są wyłącznie problemem osobistym dziewczyny, ale również rodziny, szkoły, społeczeństwa. Moment pojawienia się nowego życia, wraz z całym okresem ciąży i porodu, wydaje się być jednym z ważniejszych wydarzeń, rzutującym na całą przyszłość kobiety, jej dziecka i rodziny. W pracy omówiono zagadnienie dotyczące nastoletniego macierzyństwa z punktu widzenia socjologii, psychologii i prawa. Zaprezentowano najważniejsze skutki i związane ze zbyt młodym rodzicielstwem komplikacje życia codziennego nastoletnich matek, wynikające w szczególności z braku niezależności finansowej i pełnienia roli uczennicy. Celem pracy było ukazanie problemu macierzyństwa nastoletnich kobiet w aspekcie społecznym, psychologicznym oraz prawnym.   Słowa kluczowe: ciąża nastolatek, wsparcie społeczne, adaptacja psychologiczna, prawo.   Abstract Although young peoples’ preferences concerning parenthood and aspirations regarding education, social and proffesional status are changing, every year teenage women are still giving birth to thousands of

  17. İZMİR MEDİKAL TURİZM KÜMELENME POTANSİYELİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nesibe MİRZA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Öz Küreselleşme ile birlikte mesafelerin kısalması, teknolojinin gelişmesi ve kaliteli yaşam bilincinin artması sürekli değişen ve farklı deneyimler edinmek isteyen bir turizm talebini oluşturmuştur. Bu doğrultuda değişen talebe uyum gösteren turistik ürünler sektörden pay almak isteyen destinasyonlar için giderek önem kazanmaktadır. Destinasyonların rekabet gücü; sahip oldukları turistik ürün, var olan işletmelerin performansı ve yenilik yapma kapasiteleri, paydaşlar arası işbirliğinin sağlanması gibi unsurlara dayanmaktadır. Bu doğrultuda, destinasyonların, kendilerini ve rakiplerini iyi analiz ederek rekabet stratejileri belirlemeleri gerekmektedir. Literatürde birçok destinasyon rekabet gücü stratejisi mevcuttur. Kullanılan rekabet gücü stratejilerinden biri de kümelenme yaklaşımıdır. Bu çalışma; son yıllarda uluslararası boyutta önem kazanan bir turistik ürün olan medikal turizmde kümelenme yönlü bir planlamaya ilgili tüm aktörlerin yaklaşımını incelemektedir. Böylelikle İzmir’de medikal turizm kümelenmesinin uygulanabilirliği araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla İzmir’de olası bir medikal turizm kümelenmesinde yer alacak ve şu anda sektörde faaliyet gösteren paydaş temsilcileriyle odak grup görüşmeleri yapılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre sonuç ve önerilere yer verilmiştir. Abstract Demands on tourism, which are constantly changing and seeking new experiences, have emanated as an outcome of globalization, which brings along the ease of transportation, the development of technology and an increase in the awareness of a high quality life with it. Accordingly, the touristic products adjusting these alterations are gradually gaining importance for the destinations which want to get a share from this sector. The competitive capacity of destinations is based on some factors such as the products they have, the performance of the existing businesses and

  18. Committees and organizers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Chairman:Jozef Spałek (Kraków) Program Committee:Stephen Blundell (Oxford), J Michael D Coey (Dublin), Dominique Givord (Grenoble), Dariusz Kaczorowski (Wrocław), Roman Micnas (Poznań), Marek Przybylski (Halle), Ludiwig Schultz (Dresden), Vladimir Sechovsky (Prague), Jozef Spałek (Kraków), Henryk Szymczak (Warszawa), Manuel Vázquez (Madrid) Publication Committee:Dariusz Kaczorowski, Robert Podsiadły, Jozef Spałek, Henryk Szymczak, Andrzej Szytuła Local committee:Maria Bałanda, Anna Majcher, Robert Podsiadły, Michał Rams, Andrzej Ślebarski, Krzysztof Tomala Editors of the Proceedings:Jozef Spałek, Krzysztof Tomala, Danuta Goc-Jagło, Robert Podsiadły, Michał Rams, Anna Majcher Plenary, semi-plenary and tutorial speakers:Ernst Bauer (Wien)Stephen Blundell (Oxford)J Michael D Coey (Dublin)Russell P Cowburn (London)Burkard Hillebrands (Kaiserslautern)Claudine Lacroix (Grenoble)Lluís Mañosa (Barcelona)María del Carmen Muñoz (Madrid)Bernard Raveau (Caen)Pedro Schlottmann (Tallahassee)Frank Steglich (Dresden)Oliver Waldmann (Freiburg) Invited speakers within symposia: R Ahuja (Uppsala)A Kirilyuk (Nijmegen) M Albrecht (Vienna)L Theil Kuhn (Roskilde) K Bärner (Göttingen)J Liu (Dresden) U Bovensiepen (Duisburg)G Lorusso (Modena) V Buchelnikov (Chelyabinsk)M M Maska (Katowice) B Chevalier (Bordeaux)Y Mukovskii (Moscow) O Chubykalo-Fesenko (Madrid)M Pannetier-Lecoeur (Saclay) A V Chumak (Kaiserslautern)G Papavassiliou (Athens) J M D Coey (Dublin)K R Pirota (Campinas) B Dabrowski (DeKalb)P Przyslupski (Warszawa) S Das (Aveiro)M Reiffers (Košice) A del Moral (Zaragoza)K Sandeman (London) V E Demidov (Muenster)D Sander (Halle) B Djafari-Rouhani (Lille)M Sawicki (Sendai/Warsaw) H A Dürr (Menlo Park)J Schaefer (Würzburg) J Fassbender (Dresden)H Schmidt (Wetzikon) J Fontcuberta (Barcelona)J Spałek (Kraków) V Garcia (Orsay)L Straka (Helsinki) J N Gonçalves (Aveiro)A Szewczyk (Warszawa) M E Gruner (Duisburg)Y Taguchi (Wako) G Gubbiotti (Perugia)A Thiaville

  19. A new diagnostic tool for rapid and accurate detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Nour-Neamatollahi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Mycobacterium tuberculosis, acid fast bacilli from the family of Mycobacteriaceae, is the causative agent of most cases of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis, as a communicable disease, remains a serious public health threat, killing more than one million people globally every year. Primary diagnosis of tuberculosis bacilli (TB relies mainly on microscopic detection of acid fast bacilli (AFB, but the method suffers from low sensitivity and the results largely depend on the technician’s skill. New diagnostic tools are necessary to be introduced for rapid and accurate detection of the bacilli in sputum samples. We, in collaboration with Anda Biologicals, have developed a new platform, named as “Patho-tb”, for rapid detection of AFB with high sensitivity and with low dependence on human skills. Evaluation of Patho-tb test performance was done in two settings: (1 primary field study conducted using 38 sputa from high TB prevalence area of Iran (Zabol city near to the Afghanistan border, and (2 main study conducted using 476 sputa from Tehran, capital of Iran. Patho-tb was applied for processed sputum samples in parallel with routine diagnostic methods (including AFB microscopy, culture and PCR. All test results were compared to final clinical diagnostic state of an individual and diagnostic sensitivity (DSe, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of each test results were calculated using standard formulations. Analytical sensitivity and specificity of the Patho-tb test were also determined. Calculated values for five above mentioned parameters are as follows: for field study: AFB (DSe: 29.6, DSp: 81.8, PPV: 80, NPV: 23.1, AC: 44.7, Patho-tb (DSe: 63, DSp: 72.7, PPV: 85, NPV: 44.4, AC: 65.8, and for main study: AFB (DSe: 86.1, DSp: 99.4, PPV: 98.5, NPV: 93.9, AC: 95.2, Patho-tb (DSe: 97.4, DSp: 92.9, PPV: 86.5, NPV: 98.7, AC: 94.3. Reproducibility of Patho-tb test results were near to 100% (Cohen’s kappa value

  20. Optimal Phase Balancing Planning for Loss Reduction in Distribution Systems using a Specialized Genetic Algorithm Planeamiento Optimo de Balance de Fases para Reducción de Perdidas en Sistemas de Distribución usando un Algoritmo Genético Especializado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Granada Echeverri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Unbalanced operation of distribution systems deteriorates power quality andincreases investment and operation costs. Feeder reconfiguration and phaseswapping are the two main approaches for load balancing, being the formermore difficult to execute due to the reduced number of sectionalizing switchesavailable in most distribution systems. On the other hand, phase swappingconstitutes a direct, effective and low cost alternative for load balancing. The main contribution of this paper is the proposal of an optimization model anda solution technique for phase balancing planning in distribution systems. Asregards the optimization model, a mixed integer nonlinear programming formulationis proposed. On the other hand, the proposed solution techniqueconsists on a specialized genetic algorithm. To show the effectiveness of theproposed approach, several tests are carried out with two distribution systemsof 37 and 19 buses, this last one with different load models. Results showedthat in addition to the achievement of the primary objective of loss reduction,phase balancing allows obtaining other technical benefits such as improvementof voltage profile and alleviation of congested lines.La operación desbalanceada de los sistemas de distribución deteriora la calidad de la potencia y aumenta los costos de inversión y operación. La reconfiguración de alimentadores y el intercambio de fases son los dos principales enfoques para balance de fases, siendo el primero más difícil de llevar a cabo debido al número reducido de seccionalizadores disponibles en la mayoría de los sistemas de distribución. Por otro lado, el intercambio de fases constituye una alternativa directa, efectiva y de bajo costo para el balance de fases. La contribución principal de este artículo es la propuesta de un modelo de optimización y una técnica de solución para el planeamiento de balance de fases en sistemas de distribución. En cuanto al modelo de optimización, se

  1. Obtaining the Bunch Shape in a Linac from Beam Spectrum Measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bane, Karl LF

    1999-01-01

    In linacs with high single-bunch charge, and tight tolerances for energy spread and emittance growth, controlling the short-range wakefield effects becomes extremely important. The effects of the wakefields, in turn, depend on the bunch length and also on the bunch shape. It was shown in the linac of the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC), for example, that by shaping the bunch, the final rms energy spread could be greatly reduced, compared to for the standard Gaussian bunch shape[1]. Therefore, in machines with high single-bunch charge, a method of measuring bunch shape can be an important beam diagnostic. In a linac with low single-bunch charge, the longitudinal bunch shape can be obtained relatively easily from a single measurement of the beam's final energy spectrum, provided that the final to initial energy ratio is large. One merely shifts the average phase of the beam, so that it rides off-crest sufficiently to induce an energy variation that is monotonic with longitudinal position. Then, by knowing the initial and final energies, the rf wave number, and the average beam phase, one can directly map the spectrum into the bunch shape. In a linac with high single-bunch charge, however, due to the effect of the longitudinal wakefield, this method either does not work at all, or it requires such a large shift in beam phase as to become impractical. In earlier work[2],[3] it was shown that, even when wakefields are important, if one measures the final beam spectrum for two different (properly chosen) values of beam phase, then one can again obtain the bunch shape, and--as a by-product--also the form of the wakefield induced voltage; this method was then illustrated using data from the linac of the SLC. These SLC measurements, however, had been performed with the machine in a special configuration, where the current was low; in addition, the noise the data was low and the measured spectra were smooth distributions. Under normal SLC conditions, however, the currents

  2. textbf{Historical Usage Inventories of DDT in China}

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiang, Wang; Lijuan, Zhao; Jianxin, Hu

    2010-05-01

    Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is one of organochlorine pesticides and listed as one of the persistent organic pollutants to be reduced and finally eliminated in the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, because of its great persistence, toxics, bio-accumulation and potential for long-range transport. It is critical to create national DDT usage/emission inventories for China to carry out source-receptor relation analysis, risk assessment, and other research related to DDT in this country. Chinese inventories of DDT to the year1983 have been published; however, DDT is still being used indirectly in the dicifol producing and being applied for malaria control in case. Therefore it is needed to supplement and update the inventories. DDT production in China can be divided into three phases. Prior to 1965 is the first stage with an annual output of no more than 10,000 tons; 1966-1983 is the second phase. At this stage DDT was produced with an average annual production of 15,500 tons. After 1984 is the third production phase, of which the average annual DDT production was 6,465 tons. Before 1983, DDT was mainly used for agriculture, forestry and pesticides.China used a total of 270,000 tons of DDT during 1951 - 1983. According to China's cropland area, Li Yi-fan create China's DDT usage inventory of 1951-1983. In 1983 the State Council decided to ban DDT producing and DDT is no longer used in agriculture any more, but it is still being used in the producing of dicofol, malaria prevention and treatment anda small amount for export. To this end, this paper calculated theusage inventory of China's DDT from 1984 to 2003. Using sown areas of cotton, apple, citrus, tea and vegetable as surrogate data, usage of dicifolwas calculated, then the usage inventory of DDT resulting from dicofol use and DDT applied for malaria control with prefecture resolution was created. From 1984 to 2003, China used 15,312 tons of DDT, including 12,912 tons of DDT resulting

  3. A “dose on demand” Biomarker Generator for automated production of [18F]F− and [18F]FDG

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Awasthi, V.; Watson, J.; Gali, H.; Matlock, G.; McFarland, A.; Bailey, J.; Anzellotti, A.

    2014-01-01

    the ANDA submission and first clinical use of [ 18 F]FDG produced by BG75. - Highlights: • Biomarker Generator (7.5 MeV cyclotron) for “dose on demand” production of PET biomarkers. • Fully automated FDG production and quality control, requiring minimum operator input. • Ion source comprising of a detachable anode, enabling simple swap and limiting maintenance issues. • Simple and easy to replace internal target

  4. More Planets in the Hyades Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-12-01

    through the K2 light curves of young stars as part of the ZEIT (Zodiacal Exoplanets in Time) Survey. Using these data, they identified the presence of three planets in the EPIC 247589423 system:a roughly Earth-sized planet ( 1.0 Earth radii) with a period of 8.0 days,the mini-Neptune identified in the other study, with a size of 2.9 Earth radii and period of 17 days, anda super-Earth, with a size of 1.5 Earth radii and period of 26 days.Light curve of EPIC 247589423 from K2, with the lower panels showing the transits of the three discovered planets. [Mann et al. 2018]The smallest planet is among the youngest Earth-sized planets ever discovered, allowing us a rare glimpse into the history and evolution of planets similar to our own.But these planetary discoveries are additionally exciting because theyre orbiting a bright star thats relatively quiet for its age making the system an excellent target for dedicated radial-velocity observations to determine the planet masses.Since most young star clusters are much further away, they lie out of range of radial-velocity follow-up, rendering EPIC 247589423 a unique opportunity to explore the properties of young planets in detail. With more discoveries like these from Keplers data, we can hope to soon learn more about planets in all their stages of evolution.CitationAndrew W. Mann et al 2018 AJ 155 4. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aa9791

  5. Geta aðferðir mannauðsstjórnunar aukið gæði ráðninga hjá hinu opinbera?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gylfi Dalmann Aðalsteinsson

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Á undanförnum misserum hafa ráðningar hjá hinu opinbera verið mikið í umræðunni. Í kjölfar embættisveitinga hafa gjarnan komið fram miklar umræður um stöðuveitingarnar og sitt sýnist hverjum. Þó nokkur umræða hefur verið um vinnulag eða vinnubrögð í ráðningarferlinu. Í þessari grein verður fjallað um ráðningarferlið út frá mannauðsstjórnun (human resource management. Gerð verður grein fyrir því hvernig mannauðsstjórnun sem fræðigrein fjallar um ráðningarferlið með það eitt að leiðarljósi að finna aðferð sem spáir vel fyrir um framtíðar frammistöðu starfsmanna þannig að sá hæfasti verður ráðinn hverju sinni. Með ráðningarferlinu er átt við það tímabil frá því að auglýsing um starf birtist og þangað til búið að ganga frá ráðningu í starfið. Í umræðunni um ráðningar hjá hinu opinbera er því stundum haldið fram að ráðning hafi verið fagleg. Faglega ráðningu má skilja sem þá ráðningu sem unnin hefur verið á faglegum forsendum, eftir fyrirframgefnum aðferðum sem hefur það markmið að nota bestu hlutlægu aðferðir hverju sinni sem völ er á við ráðningar til að ráða þann hæfasta óháð kyni, kynþætti eða stjórnmálaskoðunum. Fagleg ráðning er þá ráðning sem unninn er af sérþekkingu. Gera verður þá kröfu til stjórnvalda að fulls jafnræðis sé gætt við ráðningar, allir umsækjendur sitji við sama borð í ráðningarferlinu og allir fái sömu möguleika til að tryggja sér starfið slíkt er í anda mannauðsstjórnunar.

  6. Muhsin Ertuğrul: Türk Sinemasının Kurucusu mu Yoksa Günah Keçisi mi? / Muhsin Ertuğrul: The Founder or the Scapegoat of Turkish Cinema?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seçkin SEVİM

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Muhsin Ertuğrul (1892-1979, Cumhuriyet’in ilk yıllarında çektiği filmlerle Türk sinemasının genetik kodlarını oluşturmuştur. Ertuğrul hakkındaki literatürde daha çok Nijat Özön’ün yazdıkları egemendir. Özön’ün eleştirilerinden yola çıkanlar, Ertuğrul’u Türk sinemasındaki olumsuzlukların sorumlusu olarak görmüşlerdir. Alim Şerif Onaran’ın çalışmaları, Muhsin Ertuğrul hakkındaki önyargılı değerlendirmelerin etkisini bir ölçüde azaltmıştır. Ne var ki yokluklar içinde mücadele etmenin ve öncü olmanın zorlukları, Ertuğrul’un bir günah keçisi olarak görülmesini engelleyememiştir. Birçok sinema tarihçisinin de ifade ettiği gibi, Muhsin Ertuğrul’un tiyatroculuğu sinemacılığına ağır basmaktadır. Ertuğrul, ancak birkaç filminde vasatın üzerine çıkabilmiştir. Onun sinema mirası birçok açıdan eleştirilebilirse de Türkiye’de sinemanın varolabilmesi için harcadığı çaba göz ardı edilemez. Teknolojiye en çok bağlı sanat dalı olan sinemayı yokluklar içinde var edebilmiş olması Muhsin Ertuğrul’u Türk sinema tarihi içinde ayrıcalıklı bir yere oturtur. Muhsin Ertuğrul’un filmleri, Kemalist modernleşme projesinin sinemadaki yansıması olarak izlenebilir. Ertuğrul, Cumhuriyet devrimlerinin hayata geçirilmesi için özveriyle mücadele etmiş bir kültür adamıdır. Türk kadınını ilk kez beyaz perdeye çıkarmakla kalmamış; tüm hayatı boyunca Cumhuriyet’in ideallerinin sanat alanındaki temsilcisi olmuştur. Bu amaçla eğitmenlik, yönetmenlik, eleştirmenlik, oyunculuk ve çevirmenlik gibi birçok misyonu aynı anda yüklenmek zorunda kalmıştır. Salgın hastalıklarla boğuşmak ve nüfusunu en azından ilkokul düzeyinde eğitmek gibi öncelikleri olan bir ülkede tiyatro ve sinema sanatının temellerini atmıştır. Nitekim bu çalışmanın amacı, Muhsin Ertuğrul’un Türk sinemasındaki kurucu rolünü ortaya

  7. GERÇEK VE MODEL AĞLARIN KARAKTERİSTİK ÖZELLİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI - COMPARISON OF CHARACTERISTICS OF REAL AND MODELLED NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şebnem AKAL

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetAğ analizi (network analysis terimi uzun yıllara dayanan köklü bir geçmişe sahiptir. Ancak şu anda kullanıldığı biçimi bilgisayar teknolojilerindeki ilerlemelere paralel olarak ortaya çıkan, sosyal medya araçları sayesinde olmuştur.Ağ analizinin, farklı alanlarda değişik uygulamaları bulunmaktadır. Günümüzde, sosyal ağların yanı sıra ekonomik ağlar, teknolojik ağlar, fiziksel ve biyolojik ağlar da mevcuttur ve bu ağların, benzer yöntemlerle analizleri yapılabilir. Bu durum, çok disiplinli bir ağ terminolojisinin doğmasına sebep olmuştur.Bu çalışma, uzmanlık alanlarında ağ analizini uygulamak isteyen kişiler için, genel bir bilgi kaynağı olması amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. Çalışmada, ağların genel özellikleri farklı örnekler ile açıklanmış ve gösterilmiştir.Çalışmanın birinci bölümünde, pek çok düğüm ve bağlantıdan oluşan gerçek ağlar tanımlanmıştır. Bu ağların incelenmesinde verilerin toplanması ve sınırlarının belirlenmesinin önemi vurgulanmıştır.İkinci bölümde, gerçek ağların tanımı yapılarak gerçek ağların oluşturulmasında sınırların belirlenmesinden bahsedilmiştir. Üçüncü bölümde farklı ağ türlerini birbirinden ayıran önemli özellikler listelenerek açıklanmıştır. Dördüncü bölüm ise bilgisayarlarda çeşitli programlar ve algoritmalar yardımıyla üretilmiş olan sentetik ağlara ve ağ modellerine ayrılmıştır. Sentetik ağların, kullanım alanlarına ve özelliklerine bu bölümde yer verilmiştir.AbstractThe term of “Network Analysis” has a long history based on many years. However its current usage format is determined by means of the social media tools which came up in accordance with the developments in computer technologies.Nowadays network analysis has various applications in different areas including social, economical,techonological, physical and biological networks which can be

  8. GERÇEK VE MODEL AĞLARIN KARAKTERİSTİK ÖZELLİKLERİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI - COMPARISON OF CHARACTERISTICS OF REAL AND MODELLED NETWORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şebnem AKAL

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetAğ analizi (network analysis terimi uzun yıllara dayanan köklü bir geçmişe sahiptir. Ancak şu anda kullanıldığı biçimi bilgisayar teknolojilerindeki ilerlemelere paralel olarak ortaya çıkan, sosyal medya araçları sayesinde olmuştur.Ağ analizinin, farklı alanlarda değişik uygulamaları bulunmaktadır. Günümüzde, sosyal ağların yanı sıra ekonomik ağlar, teknolojik ağlar, fiziksel ve biyolojik ağlar da mevcuttur ve bu ağların, benzer yöntemlerle analizleri yapılabilir. Bu durum, çok disiplinli bir ağ terminolojisinin doğmasına sebep olmuştur.Bu çalışma, uzmanlık alanlarında ağ analizini uygulamak isteyen kişiler için, genel bir bilgi kaynağı olması amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. Çalışmada, ağların genel özellikleri farklı örnekler ile açıklanmış ve gösterilmiştir.Çalışmanın birinci bölümünde, pek çok düğüm ve bağlantıdan oluşan gerçek ağlar tanımlanmıştır. Bu ağların incelenmesinde verilerin toplanması ve sınırlarının belirlenmesinin önemi vurgulanmıştır.İkinci bölümde, gerçek ağların tanımı yapılarak gerçek ağların oluşturulmasında sınırların belirlenmesinden bahsedilmiştir. Üçüncü bölümde farklı ağ türlerini birbirinden ayıran önemli özellikler listelenerek açıklanmıştır. Dördüncü bölüm ise bilgisayarlarda çeşitli programlar ve algoritmalar yardımıyla üretilmiş olan sentetik ağlara ve ağ modellerine ayrılmıştır. Sentetik ağların, kullanım alanlarına ve özelliklerine bu bölümde yer verilmiştir.AbstractThe term of “Network Analysis” has a long history based on many years. However its current usage format is determined by means of the social media tools which came up in accordance with the developments in computer technologies.Nowadays network analysis has various applications in different areas including social, economical,techonological, physical and biological networks which can be

  9. ACADÉMICO SALOMÓN HAKIM DOW (1929-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    2011-04-01

    algunos años, se ha prolongado después por generaciones, de hijos hasta biznietos, como lo señalé el año pasado en la presentación del libro en la Universidad de los Andes, hablando de toda la familia pero especialmente frente a Yvette, Salomón Carlos, Rodolfo, Fernando y María Clara, cuando hablé que estaban formados en una unidad de propósitos para servir al país y a la calidad de vida de sus habitantes, con nobleza de aspiraciones, por encima de las consideraciones pedestres y de lucro que tienen tan desvalida y tan vejada a nuestra profesión médica en los actuales momentos. 

    (Se me anuda la voz al pensar que los ojos de Salomón, que brillaron en ese momento hace un año, ya no puedan brillar sino en el espíritu de quienes hoy lo recordaremos con el mayor y el más duradero de los afectos. 

    Pero, volviendo a los anhelos cumplidos, lo fueron en la ciencia, en el arte, en la música, en la tecnología y en el detalle de las cosas cotidianas. En la ciencia, que ocupó los dos tercios de su vida, desde la física del colegio con los padres Redín y Ramírez y la obtención del Premio Manuel Forero de la Academia cuando apenas cursaba 2º año de Medicina, hasta el lauro mundial cuarenta años después, con el reconocimiento universal del síndrome que lleva su nombre, la hidrocefalia de presión normal, a la que supo brindar oportuno y eficaz tratamiento. Porque fue la ciencia el imán de su vida, pero no como concepto inane y abstruso, sino para ponerla, como quería Hans Selye, –en las avenidas del conocimiento médico para el servicio de su objeto inefable, el hombre–. Por eso muchos colegas y pacientes, aún hoy día, lo miramos taumaturgo como en el Evangelio, como aquél que pudo decirle a los enfermos –levántate y anda!– y que nos lega un culto persistente y tangible a su memoria.


  10. Ontolojik Boyutta ‘Döngüsel Süreklilik’ & ‘Değişim ve Dönüşüm’ü İmleyen Görsel Sembollerle Şiirin Biçim Düzeyinde Bilinçli Deformasyonu: Divan Şiirinde Deyişbilimsel Bir Önceleme Alanı Olarak Biçimsel Sapmalar The Conscious Deformation Of The Poetry At The Formal Level With Visual Symbols Alluding To 'Cyclical Continuity' And 'Change And Transformation' At The Ontological Dimension: Formal Deviations In The Divan Poetry As A Field Of Stylistic Foregroundings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özge ÖZTEKİN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of multiple aesthetics, the attempt of the art toattain the deep/unchanging truth and the holistic/universal aims atsearching for the invisible “core” of the object, in other words, the originof existence. In The reflections of this quest pursued with introspectionon the artwork, one might find a set of symbols which may go unnoticedat first sight. For instance, the lines of visual centred texts which bringtogether the verse and the picture are placed in a way to form afigure/pattern. This special form is also called as “visual poetry”,“concrete poetry”, “pattern poetry” and “figurative poetry”. The Divanpoetry, which constitutes an important branch of the Turkish poetrytradition contains examples of the visual poetry. They takes nameaccording to their forms. For example müşeccer/teşcîr, mücessem,müdevver, murabba. Classical codes of the poetic structure have beenaltered and visual experiments on formal level have been conducted.With plays on letters, words and form, extraordinary examples pushingthe limits of Divan poetry have been given. Meticulous interpretationswill demonstrate that visual poetry of the old literature -as the oldliterature itself- is open to multiple readings because academic analysisof old Turkish literature, along with the usual text annotation practices,allow for a language-use oriented stylistic evaluation of poetry andevaluations based on the ontological point-of-view within the context ofpoetry-philosophy-existence. Çoğul estetik bağlamında sanatın derin/değişmez bir gerçekliğe ve bütüne/evrensel olana ulaşma çabası, aslında nesnenin görünmeyen „öz‟ünü yani varlığın kökenini aramaya yöneliktir. İçe yoğunlaşma ile yapılan bu arayış yolculuğundan sanat eserine yansıyanlarda, herkesin ilk anda göremediği bir takım semboller yer alabilir. Örneğin şiir ve resmi buluşturan görüntü merkezli metinlerdeki dizeler, birer fig

  11. List of Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    Abigail Alvarez OlarteCINVESTAV Alba Leticia Carrillo MonteverdeDCI-UG Alberto CarramiñanaINAOE Aldo MorselliFERMI Alejandro CastillaDCI-UG Alejandro IbarraTechnical University of Munich Alma D Rojas PachecoFCFM-BUAP Alma Xochitl Gonzalez MoralesInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM Andrew Walcott BeckwithAmerican Institute of Beam Energy Physics Ariadna Montiel ArenasDepartamento de Física, CINVESTAV Arnulfo ZepedaCinvestav Arturo Alvarez CruzInstituto de Fisica, UNAM Axel de la MacorraUNAM, IAC Azar MustafayevUniversity of Minnesota Benjamin JaramilloDCI-UG Vincent BertinCPPM-Marseille Carlos Alberto Vaquera-AraujoDCI-UG Carlos MuñozMadrid Autonoma U. & Madrid, IFT Carmine PagliaroneINFN, FNAL Carolina Lujan PeschardDCI-UG Christiane Frigerio MartinsUniversidade Federal do ABC-São Paulo Csaba BalazsMonash University David DelepineDCI-UG David G CerdenoUniversidad Autonoma de Madrid & Instituto de Fisica Teorica Debasish MajumdarSaha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India Dibyendu PanigrahiKandi Raj College, Kandi, Murshidabad, INDIA-742137 Dupret Alberto Santana BejaranoUniversidad de Sonora Departamento de Investigacion en Fisica Ernest MaRiverside U.C. Esteban Alejandro Reyes Pírez MontañezInstituto de Física, UNAM Federico Ortiz TrejoINSTITUTO DE ASTRONOMÍA - UNAM Francisco José de Anda NavarroUniversidad de Guadalajara González Alvarez Francisco JavierCINVESTAV-Depto. Física Gustavo Medina TancoICN-UNAM Hernando Efrain Caicedo OrtizInstituto Politecnico Nacional - IPN J D VergadosCERN & Ioannina U. James R BoyceJefferson Lab Jason SteffenFERMILAB Javier Montaño DomínguezDCI-UG Jeevan SolankiMandsaur Institue of Technology MP India Joe SatoSaitama University Jorge Luis Navarro EstradaUNAM-ICN and Universidad del Atlantico (B/quilla-Col.) Jose A R CembranosUniversity of Minnesota José DíazIFIC Jose Didino Garcia AguilarDepto. de Fisica. Cinvestav Keith OliveUniversity of Minnesota Konstantia BalasiUniversity of Ioannina, Greece Lilian Prado

  12. Türkiye’de Yeni Medya Düzeninin Oluşumunda Tasarruf Mevduatı Sigorta Fonu’nun Rolü / The Role of Savings Deposit Insurance Fund in the Formation of New Media Order in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bora ERDEM

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Türkiye’de özellikle 1990 sonrasında medya ve sermaye alanında önemli değişimler yaşandı. 1980’li yıllarda başlayan serbest piyasa ekonomisine geçiş sonrasında ekonomi alanında yeni aktörler yer aldı. Aynı dönemde yaşanan siyasi ve ekonomik krizler, bünyesinde banka ve medya şirketleri barındıran holdinglerin batması sonucunu doğurdu. Batan bankalardaki mevduat sahiplerini koruma amacı ile kurulan Tasarruf Mevduatı Sigorta Fonu (TMSF, bahse konu holdinglerin şirketlerine el koydu. Böylece önemli medya şirketleri de bir yönü ile iktidar kontrolüne geçmiş oldu. Bir müddet TMSF tarafından yönetilen bu şirketler kamu ihale kanununa tabi olmayan ihalelerle iktidara yakın işadamlarına tahsisli olarak satıldı. Hükümete karşı oldukça yıpratıcı yayınlar yapabilen bu muhalif medya gruplarının (TMSF’nin odağında olduğu bu süreç sonrasında bir anda hükümeti destekler konuma geçmesi, iktidar lehine ‘taraflı bir medya yapısı tasarımı’ algısı oluşturdu. Elbette TMSF kurumsal anlamda bu sonucun oluşmasındaki tek unsur değildir. Çalışmanın sonunda görüleceği üzere, birçok devlet kurumu ve enstrümanı bu sonucun ortaya çıkmasında etkili olmuştur. Ancak burada konunun sınırlandırılması bakamından, TMSF’nin kuruluş ve işlevleri, medya TMSF ilişkisi ve bu süreçte TMSF marifetiyle sahiplik yapısı değiştirilen bazı medya şirketleri ele alınacaktır. / Significant changes have been witnessed in Turkey especially after 1990 in the fields of media and capital. After the transition to free markets which began in 1980s new actor took place in economy. Political and economic crisis which were experienced in the same period led to the bankruptcy of holdings consisting of banks and media companies. Saving Deposit Insurance Fund (TMSF which was founded in order to protect the depositors of the bankrupt banks took over the companies of the said companies

  13. Bioequivalence between innovator and generic tacrolimus in liver and kidney transplant recipients: A randomized, crossover clinical trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita R Alloway

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Although the generic drug approval process has a long-term successful track record, concerns remain for approval of narrow therapeutic index generic immunosuppressants, such as tacrolimus, in transplant recipients. Several professional transplant societies and publications have generated skepticism of the generic approval process. Three major areas of concern are that the pharmacokinetic properties of generic products and the innovator (that is, "brand" product in healthy volunteers may not reflect those in transplant recipients, bioequivalence between generic and innovator may not ensure bioequivalence between generics, and high-risk patients may have specific bioequivalence concerns. Such concerns have been fueled by anecdotal observations and retrospective and uncontrolled published studies, while well-designed, controlled prospective studies testing the validity of the regulatory bioequivalence testing approach for narrow therapeutic index immunosuppressants in transplant recipients have been lacking. Thus, the present study prospectively assesses bioequivalence between innovator tacrolimus and 2 generics in individuals with a kidney or liver transplant.From December 2013 through October 2014, a prospective, replicate dosing, partially blinded, randomized, 3-treatment, 6-period crossover bioequivalence study was conducted at the University of Cincinnati in individuals with a kidney (n = 35 or liver transplant (n = 36. Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDA data that included manufacturing and healthy individual pharmacokinetic data for all generics were evaluated to select the 2 most disparate generics from innovator, and these were named Generic Hi and Generic Lo. During the 8-week study period, pharmacokinetic studies assessed the bioequivalence of Generic Hi and Generic Lo with the Innovator tacrolimus and with each other. Bioequivalence of the major tacrolimus metabolite was also assessed. All products fell within the US Food and Drug

  14. АЛЬТЕРНАТИВНА ІСТОРІЯ ТА ХРИСТИЯНСЬКИЙ МОТИВ У НОВІТНІЙ УКРАЇНСЬКІЙ ЛІТЕРАТУРІ / ALTERNATIVE HISTORY AND CHRISTIAN THEMES IN MODERN UKRAINIAN LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Антоніна АНІСТРАТЕНКО

    2016-12-01

    Christianity. Our goal is to find out in this article what is the impact in the literary process and in particular in the modern novel it make. In the article analise in comparative way consideration of the separate factors and influences that are reflected in the history of Ukrainian literature, but what are situated in the field of history, sociology, religion, culture, ethnology: Religious dominant component is visible in the traditional worldview of Ukrainians, tradition in family life, demythologization passion, canonization features of the image "a women "and"a man"and others. Such images build the foundation for the development of the genre in Ukrainian literature. Ivan Bilyk wrote down his novels for the reconstruction of the national worldview and the historical consciousness of the Ukrainian nation, V. Vladko resumed the canon of science fiction in our literature, and even, to some extent, took part in it formation, and made the first attempt to implement a quality alternative history novel in two points of bifurcation. These works belong to the history of the origin and existence of Christianity in Ukraine. When analyzing consept sources and literary texts in the genre of alternative history come to the conviction we may makr, that the most important stylistic markers of alternative history, the experience of the presently known Ukrainian literary texts, are the following: immersion in the national mental peculiarities of historical development and the laws of motion and change historical events; hermeneutic communication alternative history of Christianity. It is seen that most of the works of alternate history, the written material in history after the advent of Christianity, or, indeed, the material of the process or its negation; noticeable characteristic features science fiction works are diving in mythology and esoteric knowledge. Here is also criticism of the theory of linear time-space in a general sense. Mimetic techniques began to attract other arts

  15. [Study on psychiatric disorders and defensive process assessed by the "defense style questionnaire" in sterile males SAMPLE consulting in andrology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellone, M; Cottencin, O; Rigot, J M; Goudemand, M

    2005-01-01

    that additional prospective studies, which would permit to make a link between the defense mechanisms anda certain psychiatric pathology, are necessary. In the case we study, it is important to explore the defensive modalities before the infertility diagnosis and after the birth of a child, with a more important sample population. A better knowledge of the defensive modalities of such a population, used in a psychotherapeutic context could help to prevent the appearance of psychiatric disorders or, if not, to anticipate them.

  16. Postmodern Roman’da Anlatıcı, Zaman ve Mekân Yapısı Narrator, Time and Space Structure of Postmodern Novel

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    Gamze ÖZOT

    2012-09-01

    are given to reader and it is -expected from the reader to create rest of it in the mind. The space socalled“hyper space” by postmodernists is variable in postmodernnovels; it can not demonstrate a clear stance. Metinlerarasılık ve üstkurmaca tekniklerinin sıkça kullanıldığı, modern romanlardakinin aksine özneye değil de söylemin kendisine odaklanan, tarihi gerçeklerle kurguyu iç içe vererek tarihten yararlanan postmodern roman sıra dışı kurgusuyla dikkatleri üzerine çekmeyi başarır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı, mekân ve zaman yapıları modern roman ve yansıtmacı romana göre ilginç farklılıklar gösterir. Postmodern romanın yazarı çoğul anlatıcı tekniğiyle okuru şaşırtırken, “hyper mekân” yapısının değişkenliği ve bir arada verilmiş farklı zaman dilimlerinin yapısıyla okuyucuyu alışık olmadığı bir âlemin içinde tek başına bırakır. Postmodern romanda anlatıcı oldukça etkin bir rol üstlenir. Figüratif kadronun önemli bir elemanı olabileceği gibi kurgunun yazılım aşamasına müdahale etmesi de söz konusudur. Sık sık fikir beyan eder ve adeta romanı yönlendirir. Postmodern romanın anlatıcısı bu yönüyle okuyucuyu peşinden sürükler, meraklandırır ve kimi zaman da gülümsetir. Postmodern romanlarda çizgisel, kronolojik zaman kullanımının çoğunlukla kırılmaya çalışıldığı gözlemlenir. “Şimdi”nin, anında aktarmanın belirgin bir şekilde öne çıktığı postmodern romanlarda zaman klasik ve modern tarzdaki romanlara oranla önemsizleştirilmiştir. Zamana ait birimler, yani nesnel zaman -gün, ay, yıl...- postmodern romanlarda ya karmaşıklaştırılır ya kronolojisi altüst edilerek kullanılır ya da üstü örtük, belirsiz bir şekilde verilir. Bununla birlikte postmodern romanda, metnin yazılış zamanı ile kurgunun zamanı koşut kılınabilir. Daha somut bir ifadeyle metnin yazılma süreci, okuyucunun o anda elinde tuttuğu romanın ana

  17. Kata Pengantar Redaksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redaksi Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

    2014-04-01

    7.5% dari sampel penelitiandinyatakan positif menderita diabetes. Hal ini terjadi karena pengaruh lingkungan dan pola makandi daerah tersebut. Juga akibat meningkat atau tingginya penghasilan masyarakat di wilayah ini yangkadang membuat mereka mengkonsumsi makanan tinggi lemak yang berlebihan. Kurang tersedianyamakanan sehat yang tinggi serat juga berpengaruh terhadap pola konsumsi masyarakat. Tahun 2011,Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Bali mencatat setidaknya lebih dari 2000 orang terdeteksi menderita diabetesdan penderita terbanyak berumur 20 tahun, dan masih sangat banyak yang tidak terdeteksi.Penyakit kencing manis muncul saat tubuh tidak lagi mampu memproduksi cukup hormon insulinuntuk mengatur kadar gula darah yang normal. Kadar gula yang berlebihan di darah inilah yangmengakibatkan banyak organ tubuh tidak dapat berfungsi secara normal. Dimulai dengan rusaknyapembuluh darah kecil di perifer tubuh diantaranya pada kaki yang menyulitkan pada penyembuhan lukakarena sel darah putih tidak dapat mencapai luka dan membantu dalam proses penyembuhannya. Jikatetap tidak terkontrol baik dengan pola hidup sehat atau obat, kerusakan pembuluh darah ini akan diikutioleh kerusakan pembuluh darah di organ lain dalam tubuh yang dikenal sebagai komplikasi ke mata,jantung, ginjal dan otak. Faktor resiko penyakit ini diantaranya obesitas atau kegemukan, kurangnyaaktivitas fisik, faktor keturunan, mengkonsumsi makanan tinggi lemak dan gula berlebihan, kurangnyamengkonsumsi makanan tinggi serat antara lain buah dan sayuran.Jika Anda bergerak dalam bidang usaha, termasuk usaha perbankan harus memahami GoodCorporate Governance (GCG yaitu prinsip-prinsip yang memberikan arahan dan pedoman bagiperusahaan termasuk perusahaan di sektor perbankan agar mencapai keseimbangan dalam memberikanpertanggungjawabannya baik kepada para shareholders dan stakeholders. Mematuhi prinsip-prinsipGCG atau tata kelola perusahaan yang baik berarti perusahaan sudah berperilaku yang baik sertamempunyai arah menuju

  18. Jung Işığında Heba Heba In The Light Of Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esra SAZYEK

    2013-09-01

    ve ölüm süreçlerinin toplamından oluşan yaşamı boyunca, aynı çocuk saflığıyla yaşayan Ziya’nın içe dönük kişiliğini işler. Bu özelliği, onun reel zamandan çok rüyaların ve fantezilerin dünyasında yaşamasına neden olur. Eşini ve doğmamış oğlunu bombalı saldırıya kurban verdikten on altı yıl sonra kentin kalabalığından uzaklaşıp yerleştiği Yazıköy, bu yönünü besler. Böylelikle doğanın içinde geçirdiği saatler bir ibadete dönüşür. Ancak aradığını Yazıköy’de bulan Ziya’nın tüm huzuru, Kenan’ın öldürülmesiyle son bulur. Her şeyin bir anda karıştığı bu süreci, hakkında çıkan dedikodular yüzünden linç edilerek öldürülmesi takip eder.Acı olayların ölümle noktalandığı, heba olmuş bir yaşamı konu edinen roman, Jung psikolojisi ışığında yeniden okunduğunda çekilen acılar sonrasında elde edilen ölümsüzlüğe ulaşma mükâfatının hikâyesine dönüşür.Ziya’nın bir cennete benzeyen Yazıköy’den kovulana dek yaşadıkları, rüyalar ve fantezilerle örülü büyülü bir ortamın eşiğinde gerçekleşir. Bilinçdışı düzlemin, rüyalardaki simgesel içerikler aracılığıyla kendini göstermesi, Yazıköy’ün bir coğrafya olmanın ötesinde bilinçdışı dünyayı temsil ettiğini, kentten doğaya yapılan yolculuğun, bilinçten bilinçdışına doğru bir yol izlediğini ifade eder.Bilinçdışının meçhul karanlığında ilerleyen Ziya’nın en derindeki içsel hazineyi keşfetmesi, yüzeyden merkeze doğru her bir aşamanın Jung’un “arketip” olarak adlandırdığı bilinçdışının farklı bir figürüyle kat edilmesini gerektirir.Bu çalışmada söz konusu sürecin boyutları Jung Psikolojisi açısından ele alınacak; onun düşüncelerinin izi, romanın içeriksel boyutuna yansıyan yönleriyle ayrıntılı şekilde irdelenecektir.

  19. Solar tidal variations of coefficients of second harmonic of gravitational potential of Mercury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrandiz, Jose; Barkin, Yury

    2010-05-01

    ratio of mass of the Sun and Mercury m-M = 6023600, mean radius of Mercury R = 2439.7 km. a = 0.3870983098 AU is an unperturbed value of major semi-axis of Mercury orbit. k2=0.37. αjis direction cosines of the radius-vector of the Sun in Mercury principal axes of inertia. The central problem of the work was a construction of trigonometric developments of the producta and squares of these direction cosines multiplied on function(a-r)3, where r is a value of radius-vector of the Sun anda is a major semi-axis of orbit of Mercury (unperturbed value): (a-r)3αiαj. Omiting sufficiently long procedure on construction of developments for mentioned products we present final formulas for solar tidal variations of coefficients of Mercury gravitational potential: M--(R-)3Σ δJ2 = - 3k2m a [R0,ν(ρ,t)cos? ν + r0,ν(ρ,t)sin ?ν] ν ( ) 1 M-- R- 3Σ Σ [ (ɛ) (ɛ) ] δS22 = - 8k2m a R2,ν cos(2g +2l- ɛ? ν)- r2,ν sin (2g - ɛ?ν) , ν ɛ 1 M (R )3Σ Σ [ (ɛ) (ɛ) ] δC21 = - 4k2m- -a R1,ν cos (g + l- ɛ? ν)- r1,ν sin(g+ l- ɛ?ν) , ν ɛ ( )3Σ Σ [ ] δS21 = - 1 k2 M- R- R (ɛ1,)ν cos(g+ l- ɛ?ν)- r(1ɛ),ν sin(g- ɛ? ν). 4 m a ν ɛ For simplicity here we put the value of the angle ? = 00, that means that in unperturbed rotational motion of Mercury its vector of angular momentum consides with the polar principial axis of inertia. Here ɛ = ±1; ?ν are arguments located on multiple of mean longitudes of planets (Mercury, Venus, the Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uran and the Neptune): ?ν = ν1LMe + ν2LV + ν3LE + ν4LMa + ν5LJu + ν6LSa + ν7LUr + ν8LNe; ν = (ν1,ν2,ν3,...,ν8) are corresponding sets of integer indexes. Here all functions R and r are special inclination functions depending from angle ρof inclination of vector of angular momentum of Mercury with respect to normal to base (Laplace) plane and coefficients:Aν(j), Bν(j) and aν(j), bν(j): R0,ν(ρ,t) = - 1 (3 cos2ρ - 1)A(ν0)- 1sin2ρA(ν1)- 1sin2ρA(ν2), 6 2 4 1 ( ) 1 1 r0,ν(ρ,t) = -- 3cos2

  20. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Tok

    2001-08-01

    redistribution of morphine and its metabolites. Gerostamoulos J, Drummer OH. J Forensic Sei 2000 Jul; 45(4: 843-5 Eroine bağlı 40 ölüm olgusunda morfin, morfin-3-glucronid, morfin-6-glukuronid ve total morfinin postmortem yeniden dağılımı araştırıldı. Subklavyen, kalp ve femoral bölgelerden alınan kanda morfin ve metabo-litlerinin konsantrasyonları benzer bulundu. Kalpten alınan kanda femoral veya subklavyen kandakilere göre daha yüksek konsantrasyonlar elde edilse de anlamlı fark bulunmadı. Bununla birlikte, cesedin ulaştırıldığı anda ve ortalama olarak postmortem 59. saatte otopside elde edilen kanlardaki konsantrasyonlar arasında da anlamlı fark bulunmadı. Bulgularımıza göre, morfin ve metabo-litlerinin postmortem yeniden dağılımı olası görünmemektedir. PETROL ÜRÜNÜ İÇEREN ZEMİNLER The petroleum-laced background Lentini JJ, Dolan JA, Cherry C. J Forensic Sei 2000 Sep;45(5:968-89 Araştırmacılar, pasif headspace konsantrasyonu ve gaz kromatografik/kütle spektrometrik (GC/MS analizi kullanarak giysi, ayakkabı, çeşitli ev ürünleri, yapı malzemeleri, kağıt ürünleri, mukavva ve yapıştırıcılar gibi çok çeşitli ürünlerde kontaminasyon olmaksızın saptanabilir uçucu bileşenler bulnduğunu göstermiştir. Bu materyallerin üretiminde kullanılan petrol ürünü sıvılar uzun yıllar sonra dahi tespit edilebilmektedir. Bu sonuçlar, mümkün olduğunda karşılaştırma amacıyla örnek kullanılmasının önemine işaret etmektedir. MYOKARD İNFARKTÜSÜNÜN POSTMORTEM TANISINDA C5 KOMPLEMANININ ÖZGÜLLÜĞÜ Study on the specificity of complement C5 for the postmortem diagnosis of myocardial infarction Hu BJ, Zhang YC, Zhu JZ, Bi QM, Li ], Zeng JL, Li J. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2001 Feb;17(l:7-9, 61 Myokard infarktüsünün postmortem tanısında C5 komplemanmin spesifitesini araştırmak için normal, en-farkte ve direkt veya indirekt olarak yaralanmış infarkte olmayan kalp kasları (myokardit, mekanik asfiksi

  1. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Eren Karpuzoğlu

    1999-12-01

    muhtemelen son kurşundu, ateş etmeye devam etmesini engellemişti. Ölümü, hipovolemik şok sonucu olmuş ve çok yavaş gerçekleşmişti. İNTİHAR AMAÇLI ATEŞLİ SİLAH YARALANMALARINI TAKİBEN SİLAHIN YERLEŞİMİ Weapon location following suicidal gunshot wounds. Garavaglia JC, Talkington B. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1999 Mar; 20(1: 1-5. İntihar amaçlı ateşli silah yaralanmasında silahın yerleşimi belirtilen şekilde olan 574 ölümde, olay yerinin tıbbi araştırmacı tarafından incelenmesi ve cesedin San Antonio,Teksas’taki Bexar Bölge Tıbbi Araştırma Ofisince yapılan otopsisi derlenerek hazırlanmıştır. 76 olguda silahın yeri belirlenememiştir. Geri kalan 498 olgunun %24’ünde silah cesedin elindedir. ■%69’unda silah cesedin üzerinde veya elinde olmamak üzere yanında bulunmuştur (cesede değer pozisyonda veya vücuduna 30 cm. mesafede. Geriye kalan %7 olgudaysa silah cesetten 30 cm.den daha uzakta bulunmuştur. Tabancalar göz önüne alındığında, silahların %25 7’si kişilerin elinde bulunmuştur. Uzun namlulu silah kullananlarda, olguların %19-5’inde silah ölenin elinde bulunmuştur. Eğer kişi ateş ettiği anda yatıyor ya da oturuyorsa silahın elinde kalma olasılığı daha büyüktür. Kişinin cinsiyeti, yara lokalizasyonu ve tabancanın kalibresi gibi değişkenler intihar amaçlı bir ateşli silah yaralanmasında silahın elde kalıp kalmayacağını tahmin etmekte belirleyici değildir. BİR UÇAK KAZASI SORUŞTURMASINDA BEKLENMEYEN SONUÇLAR Unexpected findings in the investigation of an airplane crash. Gunther D, Ast FW, Troger HD, Kleemann Wj. Forensic Sci Int 1999 Oct ll;104(2-3:189-94. Küçük sportif bir uçağın, içindeki dört kişiyle birlikte iniş sırasındaki düşüşünün otopside ortaya çıkan beklenmeyen sebebini belgeledik. Şaşırtıcı olarak, pilotun vücudunda intakt bir mermi çekirdeği ve gömlek parçaları bulundu. Beklendiği gibi, diğer yolcuların otopsilerinde

  2. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Akif İnanıcı

    1997-12-01

    Positive Identification of Human Remains - A Case Report Valenzuela A. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1997; 18(2:215-6. Kimliği bilinmeyen bir kadavrada lomber omurları gösteren antemortem ve postmortem batın grafileri karşılaştırılmıştır. Üçüncü, dördüncü ve beşinci lomber omurda yaygın osteoporoz, spinal ve transveıs çıkıntıların belirginliği, sağ lomber skolyozdaki eşit açılanma gibi özelliklerin birbirine uyduğu gösterilmiştir. Kimliklendirmede kullanılan yöntemlerin eleştirisi sunulmuştur. TRAVMATİK KAROTİS ARTER DİSEKSİYONU Traumatic Carotid Artery Dissection Opes kin K. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997; 18(3:251-7. Travmatik karotis arter disseksiyonu adli tıbbi pratikte ölüm nedenleri arasında seyrek olarak görülmektedir. Tipik birçok özellikler gösteren üç travmatik karotis arter diseksiyon olgusu sunulmaktadır. Genellikle kafa ve boyna yönelik travma hikayesi bulunmaktadır ve en yaygın neden motorlu araç kazalarıdır. Karotis arter, ana karotis kolundan başlayarak kaver- nöz sinüse kadar herhangi bir bölümden yaralanabil- mekte ve bu ilgili beyin hemisferinin infaıktı ile sonuçlanmaktadır. Klinik semptomlar, şuur kaybı, hemi- parezi, afazi, Horner sendromudur. Bunlar tipik olarak saatler ya da günler sonra ortaya çıkabilmektedir. Karotis arter yaralanması bir dış yaralanma ile birlikte olabilir ve ilk anda saptanmayabilir ya da boyun veya kafa travması ile ilişkisi kurulmayabilir. En yaygın mekanizma, boyun travması ve boyun hiperekstansiyonu olarak düşünülmektedir. Sunulan olgularda erken tanının önemi vurgulanmaktadır. Eğer cerrahi müdahale olanağı olsa ölüm ile sonuçlanmayabileceği belirtilmektedir. MOTORLU TAŞIT KULLANIRKEN ATEŞLİ SİLAH İLE İNTİHAR - EK İKİ OLGU Suicide by Gunshot While Driving a Motor Vehicle - Two Additional Cases Murphy GK. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 1997; 18(3:295-8. Motorlu taşıtla intihar genel olarak beklenenden daha sık olarak olu