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Sample records for velocity-concentration pdf method

  1. Comments on PDF methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, J.-Y.

    1992-01-01

    Viewgraphs are presented on the following topics: the grand challenge of combustion engineering; research of probability density function (PDF) methods at Sandia; experiments of turbulent jet flames (Masri and Dibble, 1988); departures from chemical equilibrium; modeling turbulent reacting flows; superequilibrium OH radical; pdf modeling of turbulent jet flames; scatter plot for CH4 (methane) and O2 (oxygen); methanol turbulent jet flames; comparisons between predictions and experimental data; and turbulent C2H4 jet flames.

  2. Recent progress in the joint velocity-scalar PDF method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, M. S.

    1995-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation discusses joint velocity-scalar PDF method; turbulent combustion modeling issues for gas turbine combustors; PDF calculations for a recirculating flow; stochastic dissipation model; joint PDF calculations for swirling flows; spray calculations; reduced kinetics/manifold methods; parallel processing; and joint PDF focus areas.

  3. The PDF method for turbulent combustion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, S. B.

    1991-01-01

    Probability Density Function (PDF) methods provide a means of calculating the properties of turbulent reacting flows. They have been successfully applied to many turbulent flames, including some with finite rate kinetic effects. Here the methods are reviewed with an emphasis on computational issues and their application to turbulent combustion.

  4. PDF methods for turbulent reactive flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Andrew T.

    1995-01-01

    Viewgraphs are presented on computation of turbulent combustion, governing equations, closure problem, PDF modeling of turbulent reactive flows, validation cases, current projects, and collaboration with industry and technology transfer.

  5. Pressure algorithm for elliptic flow calculations with the PDF method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, M. S.; Pope, S. B.; Mongia, H. C.

    1991-01-01

    An algorithm to determine the mean pressure field for elliptic flow calculations with the probability density function (PDF) method is developed and applied. The PDF method is a most promising approach for the computation of turbulent reacting flows. Previous computations of elliptic flows with the method were in conjunction with conventional finite volume based calculations that provided the mean pressure field. The algorithm developed and described here permits the mean pressure field to be determined within the PDF calculations. The PDF method incorporating the pressure algorithm is applied to the flow past a backward-facing step. The results are in good agreement with data for the reattachment length, mean velocities, and turbulence quantities including triple correlations.

  6. Application of PDF methods to compressible turbulent flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delarue, B. J.; Pope, S. B.

    1997-09-01

    A particle method applying the probability density function (PDF) approach to turbulent compressible flows is presented. The method is applied to several turbulent flows, including the compressible mixing layer, and good agreement is obtained with experimental data. The PDF equation is solved using a Lagrangian/Monte Carlo method. To accurately account for the effects of compressibility on the flow, the velocity PDF formulation is extended to include thermodynamic variables such as the pressure and the internal energy. The mean pressure, the determination of which has been the object of active research over the last few years, is obtained directly from the particle properties. It is therefore not necessary to link the PDF solver with a finite-volume type solver. The stochastic differential equations (SDE) which model the evolution of particle properties are based on existing second-order closures for compressible turbulence, limited in application to low turbulent Mach number flows. Tests are conducted in decaying isotropic turbulence to compare the performances of the PDF method with the Reynolds-stress closures from which it is derived, and in homogeneous shear flows, at which stage comparison with direct numerical simulation (DNS) data is conducted. The model is then applied to the plane compressible mixing layer, reproducing the well-known decrease in the spreading rate with increasing compressibility. It must be emphasized that the goal of this paper is not as much to assess the performance of models of compressibility effects, as it is to present an innovative and consistent PDF formulation designed for turbulent inhomogeneous compressible flows, with the aim of extending it further to deal with supersonic reacting flows.

  7. PDF methods for combustion in high-speed turbulent flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Stephen B.

    1995-01-01

    This report describes the research performed during the second year of this three-year project. The ultimate objective of the project is extend the applicability of probability density function (pdf) methods from incompressible to compressible turbulent reactive flows. As described in subsequent sections, progress has been made on: (1) formulation and modelling of pdf equations for compressible turbulence, in both homogeneous and inhomogeneous inert flows; and (2) implementation of the compressible model in various flow configurations, namely decaying isotropic turbulence, homogeneous shear flow and plane mixing layer.

  8. The present state and future directions of PDF methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, S. B.

    1992-01-01

    The objectives of the workshop are presented in viewgraph format, as is this entire article. The objectives are to discuss the present status and the future direction of various levels of engineering turbulence modeling related to Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) computations for propulsion; to assure that combustion is an essential part of propulsion; and to discuss Probability Density Function (PDF) methods for turbulent combustion. Essential to the integration of turbulent combustion models is the development of turbulent model, chemical kinetics, and numerical method. Some turbulent combustion models typically used in industry are the k-epsilon turbulent model, the equilibrium/mixing limited combustion, and the finite volume codes.

  9. Computation of a turbulent channel flow using PDF method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minier, J.P.; Pozorski, J.

    1997-05-01

    The purpose of the present paper is to present an analysis of a PDF model (Probability Density Function) and an illustration of the possibilities offered by such a method for a high-Reynolds turbulent channel flow. The first part presents the principles of the PDF approach and the introduction of stochastic processes along with a Lagrangian point of view. The model retained is the one put forward by Pope (1991) and includes evolution equations for location, velocity and dissipation of a large number of particles. Wall boundary conditions are then developed for particles. These conditions allow statistical results of the logarithmic region to be correctly reproduced. Simulation of non-homogeneous flows require a pressure-gradient algorithm which is briefly described. Developments are validated by analysing numerical predictions with respect to Comte Bellot experimental data (1965) on a channel flow. This example illustrates the ability of the approach to simulate wall-bounded flows and to provide detailed information such as skewness and flatness factors. (author)

  10. Evaluation of a Consistent LES/PDF Method Using a Series of Experimental Spray Flames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heye, Colin; Raman, Venkat

    2012-11-01

    A consistent method for the evolution of the joint-scalar probability density function (PDF) transport equation is proposed for application to large eddy simulation (LES) of turbulent reacting flows containing evaporating spray droplets. PDF transport equations provide the benefit of including the chemical source term in closed form, however, additional terms describing LES subfilter mixing must be modeled. The recent availability of detailed experimental measurements provide model validation data for a wide range of evaporation rates and combustion regimes, as is well-known to occur in spray flames. In this work, the experimental data will used to investigate the impact of droplet mass loading and evaporation rates on the subfilter scalar PDF shape in comparison with conventional flamelet models. In addition, existing model term closures in the PDF transport equations are evaluated with a focus on their validity in the presence of regime changes.

  11. The PDF method for Lagrangian two-phase flow simulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minier, J.P.; Pozorski, J.

    1996-04-01

    A recent turbulence model put forward by Pope (1991) in the context of PDF modelling has been used. In this approach, the one-point joint velocity-dissipation pdf equation is solved by simulating the instantaneous behaviour of a large number of Lagrangian fluid particles. Closure of the evolution equations of these Lagrangian particles is based on stochastic models and more specifically on diffusion processes. Such models are of direct use for two-phase flow modelling where the so-called fluid seen by discrete inclusions has to be modelled. Full Lagrangian simulations have been performed for shear-flows. It is emphasized that this approach gives far more information than traditional turbulence closures (such as the K-ε model) and therefore can be very useful for situations involving complex physics. It is also believed that the present model represents the first step towards a complete Lagrangian-Lagrangian model for dispersed two-phase flow problems. (authors). 21 refs., 6 figs

  12. Comments on the present state and future directions of PDF methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obrien, E. E.

    1992-01-01

    The one point probability density function (PDF) method is examined in light of its use in actual engineering problems. The PDF method, although relatively complicated, appears to be the only format available to handle the nonlinear stochastic difficulties caused by typical reaction kinetics. Turbulence modeling, if it is to play a central role in combustion modeling, has to be integrated with the chemistry in a way which produces accurate numerical solutions to combustion problems. It is questionable whether the development of turbulent models in isolation from the peculiar statistics of reactant concentrations is a fruitful line of development as far as propulsion is concerned. There are three issues for which additional viewgraphs are prepared: the one point pdf method; the amplitude mapping closure; and a hybrid strategy for replacing a full two point pdf treatment of reacting flows by a single point pdf and correlation functions. An appeal is made for the establishment of an adequate data base for compressible flow with reactions for Mach numbers of unity or higher.

  13. Comparison of PDF and Moment Closure Methods in the Modeling of Turbulent Reacting Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Andrew T.; Hsu, Andrew T.

    1994-01-01

    In modeling turbulent reactive flows, Probability Density Function (PDF) methods have an advantage over the more traditional moment closure schemes in that the PDF formulation treats the chemical reaction source terms exactly, while moment closure methods are required to model the mean reaction rate. The common model used is the laminar chemistry approximation, where the effects of turbulence on the reaction are assumed negligible. For flows with low turbulence levels and fast chemistry, the difference between the two methods can be expected to be small. However for flows with finite rate chemistry and high turbulence levels, significant errors can be expected in the moment closure method. In this paper, the ability of the PDF method and the moment closure scheme to accurately model a turbulent reacting flow is tested. To accomplish this, both schemes were used to model a CO/H2/N2- air piloted diffusion flame near extinction. Identical thermochemistry, turbulence models, initial conditions and boundary conditions are employed to ensure a consistent comparison can be made. The results of the two methods are compared to experimental data as well as to each other. The comparison reveals that the PDF method provides good agreement with the experimental data, while the moment closure scheme incorrectly shows a broad, laminar-like flame structure.

  14. A non-hybrid method for the PDF equations of turbulent flows on unstructured grids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakosi, J.; Franzese, P.; Boybeyi, Z.

    2008-01-01

    In probability density function (PDF) methods of turbulent flows, the joint PDF of several flow variables is computed by numerically integrating a system of stochastic differential equations for Lagrangian particles. A set of parallel algorithms is proposed to provide an efficient solution of the PDF transport equation modeling the joint PDF of turbulent velocity, frequency and concentration of a passive scalar in geometrically complex configurations. In the vicinity of walls the flow is resolved by an elliptic relaxation technique down to the viscous sublayer, explicitly modeling the high anisotropy and inhomogeneity of the low-Reynolds-number wall region without damping or wall-functions. An unstructured Eulerian grid is employed to extract Eulerian statistics, to solve for quantities represented at fixed locations of the domain (i.e., the mean pressure and the elliptic relaxation tensor) and to track particles. All three aspects regarding the grid make use of the finite element method employing the simplest linear shapefunctions. To model the small-scale mixing of the transported scalar, the interaction by exchange with the conditional mean (IECM) model is adopted. An adaptive algorithm to compute the velocity-conditioned scalar mean is proposed that homogenizes the statistical error over the sample space with no assumption on the shape of the underlying velocity PDF. Compared to other hybrid particle-in-cell approaches for the PDF equations, the current methodology is consistent without the need for consistency conditions. The algorithm is tested by computing the dispersion of passive scalars released from concentrated sources in two different turbulent flows: the fully developed turbulent channel flow and a street canyon (or cavity) flow. Algorithmic details on estimating conditional and unconditional statistics, particle tracking and particle-number control are presented in detail. Relevant aspects of performance and parallelism on cache-based shared memory

  15. Hybrid finite-volume/transported PDF method for the simulation of turbulent reactive flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raman, Venkatramanan

    A novel computational scheme is formulated for simulating turbulent reactive flows in complex geometries with detailed chemical kinetics. A Probability Density Function (PDF) based method that handles the scalar transport equation is coupled with an existing Finite Volume (FV) Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) flow solver. The PDF formulation leads to closed chemical source terms and facilitates the use of detailed chemical mechanisms without approximations. The particle-based PDF scheme is modified to handle complex geometries and grid structures. Grid-independent particle evolution schemes that scale linearly with the problem size are implemented in the Monte-Carlo PDF solver. A novel algorithm, in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) is employed to ensure tractability of complex chemistry involving a multitude of species. Several non-reacting test cases are performed to ascertain the efficiency and accuracy of the method. Simulation results from a turbulent jet-diffusion flame case are compared against experimental data. The effect of micromixing model, turbulence model and reaction scheme on flame predictions are discussed extensively. Finally, the method is used to analyze the Dow Chlorination Reactor. Detailed kinetics involving 37 species and 158 reactions as well as a reduced form with 16 species and 21 reactions are used. The effect of inlet configuration on reactor behavior and product distribution is analyzed. Plant-scale reactors exhibit quenching phenomena that cannot be reproduced by conventional simulation methods. The FV-PDF method predicts quenching accurately and provides insight into the dynamics of the reactor near extinction. The accuracy of the fractional time-stepping technique in discussed in the context of apparent multiple-steady states observed in a non-premixed feed configuration of the chlorination reactor.

  16. A novel background field removal method for MRI using projection onto dipole fields (PDF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tian; Khalidov, Ildar; de Rochefort, Ludovic; Spincemaille, Pascal; Liu, Jing; Tsiouris, A John; Wang, Yi

    2011-11-01

    For optimal image quality in susceptibility-weighted imaging and accurate quantification of susceptibility, it is necessary to isolate the local field generated by local magnetic sources (such as iron) from the background field that arises from imperfect shimming and variations in magnetic susceptibility of surrounding tissues (including air). Previous background removal techniques have limited effectiveness depending on the accuracy of model assumptions or information input. In this article, we report an observation that the magnetic field for a dipole outside a given region of interest (ROI) is approximately orthogonal to the magnetic field of a dipole inside the ROI. Accordingly, we propose a nonparametric background field removal technique based on projection onto dipole fields (PDF). In this PDF technique, the background field inside an ROI is decomposed into a field originating from dipoles outside the ROI using the projection theorem in Hilbert space. This novel PDF background removal technique was validated on a numerical simulation and a phantom experiment and was applied in human brain imaging, demonstrating substantial improvement in background field removal compared with the commonly used high-pass filtering method. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Modeling the Bergeron-Findeisen Process Using PDF Methods With an Explicit Representation of Mixing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, C.; Reisner, J.

    2005-12-01

    Currently, the accurate prediction of cloud droplet and ice crystal number concentration in cloud resolving, numerical weather prediction and climate models is a formidable challenge. The Bergeron-Findeisen process in which ice crystals grow by vapor deposition at the expense of super-cooled droplets is expected to be inhomogeneous in nature--some droplets will evaporate completely in centimeter-scale filaments of sub-saturated air during turbulent mixing while others remain unchanged [Baker et al., QJRMS, 1980]--and is unresolved at even cloud-resolving scales. Despite the large body of observational evidence in support of the inhomogeneous mixing process affecting cloud droplet number [most recently, Brenguier et al., JAS, 2000], it is poorly understood and has yet to be parameterized and incorporated into a numerical model. In this talk, we investigate the Bergeron-Findeisen process using a new approach based on simulations of the probability density function (PDF) of relative humidity during turbulent mixing. PDF methods offer a key advantage over Eulerian (spatial) models of cloud mixing and evaporation: the low probability (cm-scale) filaments of entrained air are explicitly resolved (in probability space) during the mixing event even though their spatial shape, size and location remain unknown. Our PDF approach reveals the following features of the inhomogeneous mixing process during the isobaric turbulent mixing of two parcels containing super-cooled water and ice, respectively: (1) The scavenging of super-cooled droplets is inhomogeneous in nature; some droplets evaporate completely at early times while others remain unchanged. (2) The degree of total droplet evaporation during the initial mixing period depends linearly on the mixing fractions of the two parcels and logarithmically on Damköhler number (Da)---the ratio of turbulent to evaporative time-scales. (3) Our simulations predict that the PDF of Lagrangian (time-integrated) subsaturation (S) goes as

  18. Analysis of subgrid scale mixing using a hybrid LES-Monte-Carlo PDF method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olbricht, C.; Hahn, F.; Sadiki, A.; Janicka, J.

    2007-01-01

    This contribution introduces a hybrid LES-Monte-Carlo method for a coupled solution of the flow and the multi-dimensional scalar joint pdf in two complex mixing devices. For this purpose an Eulerian Monte-Carlo method is used. First, a complex mixing device (jet-in-crossflow, JIC) is presented in which the stochastic convergence and the coherency between the scalar field solution obtained via finite-volume methods and that from the stochastic solution of the pdf for the hybrid method are evaluated. Results are compared to experimental data. Secondly, an extensive investigation of the micromixing on the basis of assumed shape and transported SGS-pdfs in a configuration with practical relevance is carried out. This consists of a mixing chamber with two opposite rows of jets penetrating a crossflow (multi-jet-in-crossflow, MJIC). Some numerical results are compared to available experimental data and to RANS based results. It turns out that the hybrid LES-Monte-Carlo method could achieve a detailed analysis of the mixing at the subgrid level

  19. A composition joint PDF method for the modeling of spray flames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raju, M. S.

    1995-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation discusses an extension of the probability density function (PDF) method to the modeling of spray flames to evaluate the limitations and capabilities of this method in the modeling of gas-turbine combustor flows. The comparisons show that the general features of the flowfield are correctly predicted by the present solution procedure. The present solution appears to provide a better representation of the temperature field, particularly, in the reverse-velocity zone. The overpredictions in the centerline velocity could be attributed to the following reasons: (1) the use of k-epsilon turbulence model is known to be less precise in highly swirling flows and (2) the swirl number used here is reported to be estimated rather than measured.

  20. PDF Explained

    CERN Document Server

    Whitington, John

    2011-01-01

    An introduction to the PDF file format, threaded through with practical examples - deconstructing, creating and processing PDF files. After exploring how PDF is produced, and how it can be edited with tools from text editors to Ghostscript to PDFTK, readers will learn to deal with problems with PDF files and common error messages.

  1. Probing Amorphous Components in High Temperature TE Materials by in situ Total Scattering and the Pair Distribution Function (PDF) Method

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reardon, Hazel; Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt; Blichfeld, Anders Bank

    -I clathrate Ba8Ga16Ge30. This suggests that local structure reorientations in the cage are likely to be the root cause of the degradation of the structure. This deepens our understanding of disordered clathrates, and provides evidence that the PDF technique is an effective method for probing local structure.......e., by measuring both the Bragg and diffuse scattering from a sample. This method has rarely been exploited by the non-oxide thermoelectrics community. , , Treating total scattering data by the Pair Distribution Function method is a logical approach to understanding defects, disorder and amorphous components...... to heating cycles, then we are closer to distinguishing how we may generate materials that do not undergo specific structure reorientation processes, and/or how we may mitigate them before they occur. Here, we will present a total scattering and PDF study that probes the local structure of the Type...

  2. Simulations of Spray Reacting Flows in a Single Element LDI Injector With and Without Invoking an Eulerian Scalar PDF Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Tsan-Hsing; Liu, Nan-Suey

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the numerical simulations of the Jet-A spray reacting flow in a single element lean direct injection (LDI) injector by using the National Combustion Code (NCC) with and without invoking the Eulerian scalar probability density function (PDF) method. The flow field is calculated by using the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations (RANS and URANS) with nonlinear turbulence models, and when the scalar PDF method is invoked, the energy and compositions or species mass fractions are calculated by solving the equation of an ensemble averaged density-weighted fine-grained probability density function that is referred to here as the averaged probability density function (APDF). A nonlinear model for closing the convection term of the scalar APDF equation is used in the presented simulations and will be briefly described. Detailed comparisons between the results and available experimental data are carried out. Some positive findings of invoking the Eulerian scalar PDF method in both improving the simulation quality and reducing the computing cost are observed.

  3. Self-consistent EXAFS PDF Projection Method by Matched Correction of Fourier Filter Signal Distortion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Jay Min; Yang, Dong-Seok

    2007-01-01

    Inverse problem solving computation was performed for solving PDF (pair distribution function) from simulated data EXAFS based on data FEFF. For a realistic comparison with experimental data, we chose a model of the first sub-shell Mn-0 pair showing the Jahn Teller distortion in crystalline LaMnO3. To restore the Fourier filtering signal distortion, involved in the first sub-shell information isolated from higher shell contents, relevant distortion matching function was computed initially from the proximity model, and iteratively from the prior-guess during consecutive regularization computation. Adaptive computation of EXAFS background correction is an issue of algorithm development, but our preliminary test was performed under the simulated background correction perfectly excluding the higher shell interference. In our numerical result, efficient convergence of iterative solution indicates a self-consistent tendency that a true PDF solution is convinced as a counterpart of genuine chi-data, provided that a background correction function is iteratively solved using an extended algorithm of MEPP (Matched EXAFS PDF Projection) under development

  4. A Comparative Study of PDF Generation Methods: Measuring Loss of Fidelity When Converting Arabic and Persian MS Word Files to PDF

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    document objects, on one or more electronic document pages. These commands have their roots in typography , so, to understand the PDF Language, one...must have at least a rudimentary understanding of typography . Only a few of the typographic commands, called text showing operators, can hold strings

  5. Weak second-order splitting schemes for Lagrangian Monte Carlo particle methods for the composition PDF/FDF transport equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Haifeng; Popov, Pavel P.; Pope, Stephen B.

    2010-01-01

    We study a class of methods for the numerical solution of the system of stochastic differential equations (SDEs) that arises in the modeling of turbulent combustion, specifically in the Monte Carlo particle method for the solution of the model equations for the composition probability density function (PDF) and the filtered density function (FDF). This system consists of an SDE for particle position and a random differential equation for particle composition. The numerical methods considered advance the solution in time with (weak) second-order accuracy with respect to the time step size. The four primary contributions of the paper are: (i) establishing that the coefficients in the particle equations can be frozen at the mid-time (while preserving second-order accuracy), (ii) examining the performance of three existing schemes for integrating the SDEs, (iii) developing and evaluating different splitting schemes (which treat particle motion, reaction and mixing on different sub-steps), and (iv) developing the method of manufactured solutions (MMS) to assess the convergence of Monte Carlo particle methods. Tests using MMS confirm the second-order accuracy of the schemes. In general, the use of frozen coefficients reduces the numerical errors. Otherwise no significant differences are observed in the performance of the different SDE schemes and splitting schemes.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    B ackground. T he sub-title of this article is borrow ed from tw o dis- ..... theory w hich so starkly opposed the B iblicalversion of creation. A second .... R eca p itu la - tion and C onclusion, sum m arises the thesis { w hich, in ...... Education, 2002; http://www.muslimheritage.com/uploads/ibnsina.pdf) for an early example of ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Scholars and Post-Doctoral Fellows (PDF), who work in topology and related areas also to apply. The course consists lectures on the following topics: (a) topology of metric spaces, (b) basic proper- ties of topological spaces, (c) separation axioms and metrization theorems, (d) fundamental groups,. (e) covering spaces and ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ways to track turtles both through space and time. The comparison of ... as a single nesting population was reduced to a few hundred individuals in the 1970s. However .... turtles spent some part of the year in those coastal waters. However ..... The newsletters are available online in PDF format and a limited number of.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the list of essential medicines of the World Health Organization1. Thiamine ... he was just 27!), he published a full paper in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, which for the first time elaborated how ... EML2015_8-May-15.pdf.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sandeep M., Sun F., Liu F., Li J., David P. B. and Yue G. H. 2012 Novel polymorphic microsatellites from Florida red tilapia and cross- species amplification in Mozambique and Nile tilapia. J. Genet. 91, e97–e99. Online only: http://www.ias.ac.in/jgenet/OnlineResources/. 91/e97.pdf. Xin C., Yu D., Peng J., Hu H., Xing Y. and ...

  11. PDF -- new peat technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Myreen, P B

    1982-12-01

    The impact of a large-scale utilization of peat must be assessed in each region separately. As it is completely impractical to transport wet peat over long distances, a PDF plant must be built in the peatland region. Such regions often need economic stimulation. The PDF process can be run independent of season and weather, and thus offers permanent jobs. Dredging the peat layer all at once in a wet state is an operation concentrated on a very small land area. If this area can be drained, it can soon afterwards be forested or used for agricultural purposes. Even if the area from which the peat is removed is left as a wetland, when cleverly done, the ecological effects may be favourable. Peat is a significant energy source in many countries now looking for domestic alternatives to expensive imported fuels. The main constraint on large-scale utilization of peat is its ability to retain moisture. The wet-carbonization process, utilized in a PDF plant and yielding a high-quality peat-derived fuel, is believed to be a technically feasible and economically attractive industrial method of dewatering native peat.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , which would allow them to tackle a large variety of problems in a methodical way. We present excerpts from his autobiography in the 'Reflections' section, which brings out his dissatisfaction with the method of teaching of engineering in USA ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

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    mechanics, electrodynamics, special relativity, mathematical methods, and statistical physics. ... held, postal and email addresses, telephone and mobile number, courses taught, ... collaborative efforts with contemporaries from all over India.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2Department of Basic Sciences, The First Aeronautical Institute of the Air Force, ... multiresolution methods [33–35] and the Bayesian-theory-based method [36] ...... [39] J Xiang and K Hu, Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Energy resolution of the time-of-flight mass spectrometer was considered. The estimations indicate that the time-lag energy focusing method provides better reso- lution for the parallel case while the turnaround time is more convenient for the perpen- dicular position. Hence the applicability of the methods used for ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    his own failure to match the achievements of. Sir Isaac. I Raphson, an eminent scientist of his day and a friend of New- ton, published the method in his book Analysis Aequationum. Universalis in 1690. Newton described it in Method of Flux- ions written in 1671, but pub- lished in 1736 (l}. Keywords. Implicit function theorem,.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-11-04

    Nov 4, 2016 ... solitons, kink, periodic and rational solutions have been found. These solutions might play ... using different methods, is the goal for many research- ers. Due to the ... an enormous number of powerful methods for seeking explicit and exact ..... which is obtained by integrating and neglecting the constant of ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The analytic methods will be motivated by questions arising naturally in the analysis ofwave motion. These methods will be developed in some detail and then applied to the issues motivating their development. Included in the discussions will be modelling issues, fundamental mathematical aspects of the models, the.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    By employing the same technique, Pinnington et al [3] measured lifetimes of some 4d levels of ArII. In addition, results of measurements using the delayed coincidence method were reported by Blagoev [4] and Garcia and. Campos [5]. Zhechev [6] measured the lifetimes of some 4d levels using the method of Hanle effect.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    because this method is one of the new potential industrial methods owing to advantages of large-quantity production and low cost. ... perature and commercial hexagonal graphite powders were used as ... gas flow of about 5 × 10. −2 l min. −1.

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0005881

    Reconfiguration on nanocrossbar using material implication ... Thermal comfort analysis of hostels in National Institute of Technology Calicut,. India. G K Kumar .... Newtonian liquid bridge with a moving contact line phase field method. Kishore ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1997-05-08

    May 8, 1997 ... Using a new and robust method, the study estimates that living humans are smaller by about 9% to 13% ... problematic. ... feature was based on the relationship of .... new chips will use "multilevel cell flash memory," which is.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

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    experiences and viewpoints on matters related to teaching and learning science. Bridging Moments of ... Deparment of Science Educa- tion. Gyeongin National ... methods [1, 2, 3] (symmetry argument, parallel axis the- orem, perpendicular ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    known clas- sics; (4) books on educational methods. (5). Websites or CDs realted to science educa- tion. Books reviewed should generally be affordable to students/teachers (price range . As. 50 to 300). New books will get preference in review.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-01-03

    Jan 3, 2017 ... cial numbers of neutrons and protons which confer a particularly stable configuration to the corresponding nuclei. In analogy with atomic electrons, he correlated ... [29,30], Laplace transform approach [31], GPS method.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of quantitative molecular orbital theory is the Huckel MO (HMO) method. Application of the ... description ofthe non-ideal behaviour of ionic solution is the well-known Debye-Huckel theory. Many students react with .... symposium was planned'.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Address for correspondence: Melarmath, P.O. Haldibari, Coochbehar 735 122, ... when (r, z) are cylindrical coordinates with origin in the free surface, for the case ..... [6] Carslaw and Jargar, Operational methods in applied mathematics, 2nd ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    - ford University, USA, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji of College de France and Ecole. Normale Superieure, France and William D Phillips of the National Institute of. Standards and Technology, Maryland, USA for development of methods to cool.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakash

    The microsurgery method attracted scientists from all over the world and several visited .... Tiedemann began his research in developmental biology in 1954 as a postdoctoral ..... Maybe the new (old) idea for a junior professorship came from ...

  10. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Very few scientific investigations can parallel the impact on humanity as the discovery ... Cost effective methods of generating clean energy, if and when feasible, hold ... ning with the ideas of Galileo and Newton, and culminating in special and ...

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ShaoFei Wu

    2017-06-07

    Jun 7, 2017 ... of the previous studies analyzed droughts and ... risks, which is unbefitting of the hazard manage- ment. ..... enough, this method can improve the reliability of ...... Germany using an ensemble of climate change scenarios;.

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chemistry for their pioneering contri butions to the development of computational methods in ... objectives is always a healthy exercise in any research career." After contributing to the ... I regret some missed opportunities. In particular, the ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    experimental methods and guidance of doctoral work. Ayala, as a true disciple, has also in turn influenced researchers in several continents. ... research on the adaptive significance of chromosomal polymorphisms. We also reproduce in the.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0006741

    Size and Structure of Cytochrome-c bound to Gold nano-clusters: Effect of Ethanol ... studied using quantum mechanical and molecular dynamics simulation methods. ... A model of diffusing diffusivity is analyzed and exact analytical results are.

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The practice of classroom teaching-learning method in imparting knowledge ... Dhawan's visionary leadership as Director of the Indian Institute of Science, and as Head of ... President A P J Abdul Kalam have written about him in this issue.

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    biodiversity conservation from traditional ecological practices (Gadgil and Berkes 1991). ... “social” methods include attempts to estimate vulnerability on the basis of threat from ... data, preferably collected through properly designed surveys.

  17. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Air navigation, the method of directing the flight of an airplane towards its .... location can be accurately measured by an optical in- strument called a sextant .... performance. Figure 6. ..... Fifth edition, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, 1990. [6].

  18. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MS received 14 October 2013; revised 28 January 2014. Abstract. A facile method for the ... decorated with Ag NPs facilitated via oxygen plasma etching, which were ... and high magnification for the PU nanofibre membranes before and after ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Indian Statistical Institute has been conducting for four decades, ... Reliability and Operations Research: (i) Master's degree in Statistics with knowledge ofSQC ... I-year Part-time Certificate Course in Statistical Methods and Applications: ...

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-11-06

    Nov 6, 2013 ... Intensive efforts to educate young people, the public and high-risk ... patients, time lines, locations and potential environmental or other risk factors are ... ologic principles and modern molecular methods, subsequent ...

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elasto-plastic strain analysis by a semi-analytical method .... forced plastic laminates to strengthen steel ... Micro and macro contact mechanics for inter- ... soil. 781. Zamani M. A more general model for the analysis of the rock slope stability.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis of nanocrystalline TiO2 by tartarate gel method. 487. Chalcogen ... Diffusion. Immobilization of industrial waste in cement–bentonite clay matrix. 175 ... Fabrication of silicon based glass fibres for optical commu- nication. 73.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tradition, Science and Society. 5 Balachandra Roo ... The Indian. Statistical Institute was founded by Prasanta ... have natural and social scientists engaged in quantitative ... the practical relevance of the methods are also emphasized by ...

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    Admin

    2012-09-07

    Sep 7, 2012 ... of providing modern education to the Indian students; in 1855 the college was ... offered Indians the best and sustained opportunities to be exposed to .... that the new methods introduced by Mukhopadhyaya would be the ...

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    IAS Admin

    Bromination of acetanilide provides a good example to study orientation of the ... methods to generate bromine in situ have been developed [4, 5]. In acidic medium ... difficulties and to make bromination a safe procedure for students, we report ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    support for lipase immobilization with improved stability and resusability. Contents iii ... molecular docking and 3D QSAR were performed using the CoMFA and CoMSIA methods. Derived ... Printed at Printek Printers, Bangalore 560 079.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The addition of free nitrenes to alkene substrates is studied using DFT and MP2 methods. .... silane onto β-zeolite and functionalizing with 2,6-diacetyl pyridine. ... compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic potential against human cervix.

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    Keywords. Nuclear level density; Monte Carlo method; collective rotation; single parti- cle levels. ... important aspect of both experimental and theoretical studies. The contributions .... where ni are the single particle occupation probabilities.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    PRAKASH KUMAR

    2007-08-06

    Aug 6, 2007 ... molecule crystallography are now highly automated. The .... Ramachandran himself, we started work comparatively .... Technologies for minimizing human ... replacement method with the help of the known structure of.

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    Admin

    and methods of replication therefore offer a promising opportu- nity. It opens up a .... Mantle surface is in direct contact with the organism and mantle. Shell growth ... tensile, compressive, flexural strength and stiffness as compared to other ...

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    Administrator

    , ... niques such as inert gas condensation (IGC) (Gleiter ... principal methods for subjecting a material to severe plas- ... A commercial purity copper (99⋅9 wt%) disc (30 mm in .... routinely in industrial applications to quantify the changes.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    PRAKASH

    11% due to surface water velocity (SWV) in the river Cauvery and 11% due to temperature in the river Kapila. ...... 2000) and in sediments of Botany Bay in Sydney, Australia, ... APHA 1992 Standard methods for examination of water and waste.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    such an effect, because the plane of the moon's orbit turns once in about eighteen ... Dividing by zero is bad. Dividing ... instituted for the best solution 3. Poincare's ... Nouvelles de la Mecanique Celeste' (New methods of Celestial. Mechanics) ...

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    The magnetic nanoparticles prepared by the co-precipitation method show superior performances in respect of heat dissipation capability, saturation of magnetization values and .... The structural characterization including size and crystal.

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    Unknown

    Hardness; cesium halide mixed crystals; ammonium halide mixed crystals. 1. Introduction ... of requisite quantities of CsCl and CsBr following the method described in a ..... of a research project for study of cesium halide mixed crystals.

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hailong Wang

    College of Biological, Chemical Sciences and Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing 314001, China. E-mail: ... devices and organic synthesis.1–3 A thorough under- standing of the ... method was applied to correct the basis set superposition.

  17. An Integrated Instrumentation System for Velocity, Concentration and Mass Flow Rate Measurement of Solid Particles Based on Electrostatic and Capacitance Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Li

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The online and continuous measurement of velocity, concentration and mass flow rate of pneumatically conveyed solid particles for the high-efficiency utilization of energy and raw materials has become increasingly significant. In this paper, an integrated instrumentation system for the velocity, concentration and mass flow rate measurement of dense phase pneumatically conveyed solid particles based on electrostatic and capacitance sensorsis developed. The electrostatic sensors are used for particle mean velocity measurement in combination with the cross-correlation technique, while the capacitance sensor with helical surface-plate electrodes, which has relatively homogeneous sensitivity distribution, is employed for the measurement of particle concentration and its capacitance is measured by an electrostatic-immune AC-based circuit. The solid mass flow rate can be further calculated from the measured velocity and concentration. The developed instrumentation system for velocity and concentration measurement is verified and calibrated on a pulley rig and through static experiments, respectively. Finally the system is evaluated with glass beads on a gravity-fed rig. The experimental results demonstrate that the system is capable of the accurate solid mass flow rate measurement, and the relative error is within −3%–8% for glass bead mass flow rates ranging from 0.13 kg/s to 0.9 kg/s.

  18. Fulltext PDF

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    Approximation methods. Sensitivity based reduced approaches for structural reliability analysis ... Classification and recognition of handwritten digits by using mathematical morphology. 419. Bolt. Relaxation .... A study on soil–structure interaction analysis in canyon-shaped topographies. 255. Elasto-plastic element free ...

  19. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Resolution analysis is carried out to appraise estimates of various model parameters obtained by jointly ... In the case of seismic methods, the presence of overlying basalts .... (j + 1)th interface to reach the surface at an offset distance of X, vj+1 ...

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Madhu

    um persulphate, ANTS and sodium cyanoborohydride were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Company (USA). ... The procedure is simple and the cost is low. The advantage of this method is that carbohydrate-protein interactions can be easily displayed by FACE, and the carbohydrates do not need to be purified.

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    interest to the journal; (2) general books in sci- ence which should be brought to the attention of students/teachers; (3) well-known classics; (4) books on educational methods. (5) Websites or. CDs related to science education. Books reviewed should generally be affordable to students/teach- ers (price range Rs. 50 to 300).

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    PTP1B activity in a competitive manner.5. Boehmenan, with a dihydrobenzofuran skeleton, is formed by polymerization of four phenylpropanoid units. ..... thesis strategy of Boehmenan which was based on biomimetic oxidative coupling to construct the skeleton of lignan. The synthetic method has the advantages of. Table 1.

  3. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    'Ubiquitous' Quality Control of life. C S Karigar and K R ..... Salt precipitation: A laboratory method for precipitation of proteins. Deubiquitination: Release of the ... already in clinical trials is the proteasome inhibitor Ve1cade. (PS341), that is ...

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    IAS Admin

    Classroom. Solution of Cubic Equations: An Alternative Method. T R Mukundan. Interconversion of Fischer and Zig-Zag Projections. Learning Stereochemistry with the Help of Hands. Syed R Hussaini. Motion of a Tiny Tool Thrown by an Astronaut towards another Astronaut inside a Spinning Space. Vehicle in a State of ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Energy Fit with the Local Correlation Tracking and Doppler Velocity. B. Ravindra. ∗. & D. W. Longcope ... In the solar photosphere, it is now possible to measure all the components of the mag- netic field with some ... Longcope (2004) developed a method, the minimum energy fit (MEF) which uses the induction equation and ...

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    Announcements. The Infosys Prize. BOOK REVIEW. 295 A Journey to the Stars. N Rathnasree. REFLECTIONS. 299 Darshana Jolts. Sound. V V Raman. Classroom. Covering the Integers. B Sury. Method for Drawing of the Newton Projec- tions: Understanding Newman Projections with the Help of Hands. Syed R Hussaini.

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    able to Indian students and teachers at an eminently affordable price. No personal col- lection of a research ... ning and teaching a course of physics at the undergraduate levelli.e like our SSe. in India). The three ... called the mathematical methods of physics." Given the incomparable combination of physi- cal insight and ...

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    the means to quantify it by a very simple method. In the absence of a ... Our next objective was to verify the linear dependence between IFI and III, ... The results of the regression plot can be found in ... analysis of x versus V in the low V regime ...

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    Admin

    The word 'theory' is derived from the Greek theoria: a speculation or a view. ... In the context of these results Isaac Newton made certain fundamental ... This process is therefore referred to as the hypothetico-deductive method. .... theories, and however satisfactory they may seem from our perspective, one can never be.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Wild animals also utilised the accumulated water for drinking. The Thar ... collected up to 12 saw-scaled vipers Echis carinatus during a 15 km long .... weed species have invaded the desert through transport of soil and water ... On the other hand, the shrew .... will reveal whether the boa evolves new methods of procuring.

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    IAS Admin

    ture on science; (4) books on educational methods. (5) Websites or CDs related ... Break up the text into logical units, with easily ... Boxes: Summaries, biographical and historical notes which will enhance the interest of the reader on the main ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India e-mail: ... stability and structure of the species involved in chemi- ..... In this method the Ti atoms, N atoms, O atoms and. C atoms (those ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    mention that about a decade later, using the method of lunar occultation to determine the structure of weak radio sources with the Ooty Radio Telescope, Govind Swarup (MNRAS, 172, 501, 1975) and Vijay Kapahi. (MNRAS, 172, 513, 1975) lent additional support to the big-bang or evolutionary model of the Universe.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    I still retain some disconnected memories of my earliest childhood, when I was probably no more than ... It occupied apparently about forty-nine acres, but to us at the time it seemed infinite .... So long as American schools employ that method, they cannot acquire ..... chores, or leave the children in his care and go out herself.

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Prakash

    The rapid diagnosis of virus diseases has assumed greater significance owing to the direct benefit of patient management in absence of suitable therapeutic and prophylactic measures. With the advancement of technologies, increasingly diverse methods are available which make it possible to detect and analyze any virus ...

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    An efficient, eco-friendly, inexpensive and recyclable sulfated polyborate catalyst was used for the preparation of N-tert-butyl/N-trityl protected amides via Ritter reaction of various nitriles with tertiary alcohols. The key advantages of the present method are short reaction times, high yields, easy workup, recyclability of the ...

  17. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Geology: Status and Perspectives, contains eleven peer-reviewed research papers that cover many aspects of the Vindhyans. The main goals of this multidisciplinary research volume are to: • evaluate and synthesize the large quantity of data available from earlier studies;. • present new data, ideas and methods to resolve ...

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    IAS Admin

    radius n . See article on p.116. K G Ramanathan. (1920–1992). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ). Front Cover. Back Cover. 97. Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. (Credit: Varsha Kulkarni, IISc) ifference using CROs by Lissajous Method. Article-in-a-Box. K G Ramanathan. K B Athreya. Reminiscences. M S Narasimhan. 98.

  19. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    of petroleum refineries and petrochemical industries. (Mancy and Weber 1971). Separation of phenol from industrial waste stream has gathered significant interest over past few decades (Krishnakumar and Sharma 1984). Some important methods regarding recovery of phenols include solvent extraction (Ge and Jin 1996), ...

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Upgradation of MOT and its Relevance to WET Campaigns (Alisher S. Hojaev), 311. Argos: An Optimized Time-Series Photometer (Anjum S. Mukadam & R. E. Nather),. 321. Small-scale Magnetic Field Diagnostics Outside Sunspots: Comparison of Different. Methods (D. N. Rachkovsky, T. T. Tsap & V. G. Lozitsky), 435.

  1. Fulltext PDF

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    eral methods. The parameters of the binary black hole system OJ 287 are determined. Key words. AGNs—Blazars (BL Lacertae objects-BLs & Flat Spectrum. Radio Quasars)—continuum. 1. Introduction. The term 'blazar' coined by Ed Spiegel refers to BL Lacertae objects (BLs) and flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs).

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2014-10-20

    Oct 20, 2014 ... different Rht-B1 alleles in response to drought ... height-reducing gene Rht-B1 based on an improved method for assessment of electrolyte leakage. The two lines ..... branes, thus contributing to the maintenance of cell turgor.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods. Simple Monte Carlo. K B Athreya, Mohan Delampady and T Krishnan. The Beginning of Biochemistry. T Ramasarma. Exploring the Atmosphere with Lidars. Basics and Applications. S Veerabuthiran. 44. 57. Precession of the Equinoxes and its. Importance in Calendar Making.

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    see Pedraza-Morales M I. 603. Saldanha Godfrey see Bhavyashri. 75. Sandhu B S see Singh Manpreet. 61. Santhosh K P see Biju R K. 617. Sarangi S see Bhavyashri. 75. Saravanan R. Electron density distribution in Si and. Ge using multipole, maximum entropy method and pair distribution function analysis. 679.

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    who were triple-X females and had an unremarkable clinical phenotype. Subjects and methods. Karyotyping was .... present case) suggests that the respective zygote was. 46,X,rea(X) in the first subject and 47,XX,rea(X) in the se- .... 2000 Molecular definition of Xq common- deleted region in patients affected by premature ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    But, since there is no general method to find equations of a given surface analytically, we found it. in- teresting to consider some well known surfaces to find their parametric equations analytically. Here, in fact. , we model those surfaces by exploiting their struct.ural synl- metry. We also provide their plots using Mathelnatica.

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user1

    methods for elliptic quasi-variational inequalities related to impulse control problem with mixed boundary conditions. 481. Hazarika G C. Analysis of a malaria model with mosquito-dependent transmission coefficient for humans. 93. Heinzer William J. seeAbhyankar Shreeram S. 267. Hosseinipoor M K. seeAlaeiyan Mehdi.

  8. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Our slightly extended article-in-a-box and back cover portrait this time celebrate the great universalist and intellectual giant. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, who was a contemporary of Isaac. Newton. The two of them independently invented the differen- tial calculus - called by Newton the "method of fluxions" - and this led to one ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    electric ceramics. Although the LiNbO3 synthesis by combustion method has been investigated with particular attention ... As a result, the sintering temperature for LiNbO3 powders prepared by combustion .... ball-milled in ethanol for 7h.

  10. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    resulted in reporting the first ever observation of anisotropy at these energies [2]. Part of the observed anisotropy was ..... Financial support from the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India is gratefully acknowledged. References. [1] M M Aggarwal et al, Nucl. Instrum. Methods in Phys. Res. A372 ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    for the binomial coefficient already appears in the 9th century mathematician Mahavira's work 'Ganita sarasangraha' (shloka 218). Bhaskara II solves the equation 61x2 + 1 = y2 in integers already in the 12th century in his. Bijaganitam as an application of the already well-developed Chakravala method. It is amusing to note ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    river Bharatha, the second longest river in Kerala) dur- ... was the teacher of another key figure, Neelakanta So- ... (An English translation with de- ... language this corresponds to the realization sin(µ=n) → ... between this method of proof and the more traditional .... summation is done by effectively going through the orig-.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N. Scheme 1. Synthesis of compounds 1, 2, 3(a–s), 4(a–s) and 5(a–s). antimicrobial activity against some selected bacte- ria and fungi and antituberculosis study against M. tuberculosis. 2. Materials and methods. Melting points were taken in open capillaries and are uncorrected. Progress of reaction was monitored by sil-.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the task of conducting a study and construction of an electrically sustained Rijke tube phenomenon. This was.to enable students and researchers to easily reproduce the Rijke phenomenon without resorting to short term gas heating of metallic gauzes or mesh. After conducting a few experiments using the traditional method.

  15. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0000384

    me before delivering it to students. ... The teaching of chemistry was good,and by the ... One of my fellow students was the late Professor Narayan K. Bahl, who .... lethal mutation, while two other methods give a somewhat lower figure of about.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    mina using a BAS polishing kit followed by sonication. Diffusion co-efficient .... CH3CN, CTAB/CH3CN and SDS/CH3CN media as .... the cluster was 10 times smaller in cationic environ- ... methods: Fundamentals and applications (New York:.

  17. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    We have chosen extracts from two of Oort's most famous papers for the Classics section of this issue. The earlier one, published in 1927, is on determining the rotation of stars around the centre of our galaxy, and its variation with distance. The principle of this method is explained in some detail in the article, 'Discovering the ...

  18. Fulltext PDF

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    Unknown

    crystalline GMR materials (LaMnO3, La0⋅67Sr0⋅33MnO3 ... Das B K. Structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties of supramolecular ... A new form of MgTa2O6 obtained by the molten salt method .... Ionic conduction in the solid state. 135.

  19. Fulltext PDF

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    Admin

    written to his friend and business partner Matthew Boulton: “I have got a glimpse of a method .... As the shaft starts rotating, the ball moves away from the centre of the shaft due to the ... It appears that att, for convenience, rounded it off to.

  20. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    neers, alongwith industry partners, are involved in several of the SKA design work packages. Early science ... in Australia and SKA1-MID in South Africa.1 The SKA1-LOW will essentially be a set of 512 ... statistical methods to analyse the data.

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    Biophysics today uses concepts and methods from physics and chemistry to elucidate the workings of biological processes at molecular, cellular, and organismal level. This course will introduce teachers of biophysics in postgraduate courses to some of the recent advances in biophysical theory and techniques. The aim is ...

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    0000384

    him in 1946 and saw him several times, especially in the latter part of his life ... more time studying the work of their elders; whereupon Haldane rose to second ... for his shifting balance theory or the superiority of his correlation method of.

  3. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    4 Great Experiments in Physics. Discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background. Radiation. Amit Roy. 14 Numeracy for Everyone. Numeracy in Research Planning. Ani! P Gore and 5 A Paranjpe. 26 Electronic Commerce. E-Commerce System Architecture. V Rajaraman. GENERAL ARTICLES. 37 Method in the Madness.

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-03-15

    Mar 15, 2013 ... primer pairs for polymerase chain reaction based method for quick screening of HLB disease. Thirty-two ... of the pathogen are currently known with most widespread being the ..... reads at much lower costs than what is available right now are ... and Vargo EL 2007 Identification and characterization of 10.

  5. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    And there is no wonder, as there are many dimensionful scales, includ- ing the magnitude and direction of background magnetic field, the pseudoscalar mass, plasma frequency, propagation frequency, wave number, and finally the pseudoscalar coupling. By approaching the problem with new methods here, we will be able ...

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    cFaculty of Engineering-Architecture, Electrical-Electronics Department, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey. MS received 5 ... and series resistance of the diode when a voltage is applied to this diode. ... interesting properties by chemists, physicists and electri- .... values of Rs, n and φb were achieved using a method.

  7. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CW •• OOM. The Chakravala method can be described in terms of continued fractions. Let us begin with some rather ele· mentary things which were known so long back and have gone out of fashion to such an extent that they are not as widely known as they ought perhaps to be. Linear Diophantine Equations with SCF's.

  8. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    S. Sarala & Pankaj Jain Physics Department, IIT, Kanpur 208 016, India. Abstract. We propose a new method for the extraction of Rotation Mea- sures from ... Polarizations of radio waves from cosmologically distant sources undergo Faraday. Rotation upon propagation through galactic magnetic fields. The observed orienta ...

  9. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    With a distance of almost 50 years, and a perspective based only on published ... cast light on different and shifting material models and conceptions of the living. To ..... I shall return to the methodical aspects both Gánti and ... style of his time.

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    Hilda A. Cerdeira, São Paulo State University. (UNESP), Instituto de Física Teórica, São Paulo,. Brazil. Neelima Gupte, Department of Physics, IIT Madras, Chen- nai, India. Jobst Heitzig, Transdisciplinary Concepts and Methods,. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Potsdam,. Germany. Juergen Kurths ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to use the method of descent) and we may prove Fermat's 1 last theorem!' It is just possible that Fermat had some such proof in mind when he wrote in the margin ... We would first need the notion of a prime element in I. This is accomplished more or less as in Z - negatives allowed. So we consider -2, -3, -5, . also as primes.

  12. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Department of Chemistry. Gulbarga ... Chemical titration is one of the important methods in chemical analysis. ... of the titrated volume at an indicated concentration level. The ... change of 4.0 units, from 7.0 to 3.0, which corresponds to a ~pH/.

  13. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The methods used and the explanations he gave were far ahead of his time and he was ... female body they sometimes get differentially imprinted. This imprint is passed ... cently uses many technical terms such as public key encryption and digital signature whose theoretical bases are given by Sarkar. Speed of computers ...

  14. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-09-19

    included questions on number of years in practice, number of patients seen per day and the type of practice. knowledge ... paeditricians and other health professionals who work with children. Primary preventive strategies for ..... fammed.musc.edu/fmc/data/pdf/ fmcrfinal/specialtopics.pdf. Accessed. September 19, 2009. 21.

  15. Are PDF Documents Accessible?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireia Ribera Turró

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Adobe PDF is one of the most widely used formats in scientific communications and in administrative documents. In its latest versions it has incorporated structural tags and improvements that increase its level of accessibility. This article reviews the concept of accessibility in the reading of digital documents and evaluates the accessibility of PDF according to the most widely established standards.

  16. Modeling non-Fickian dispersion by use of the velocity PDF on the pore scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kooshapur, Sheema; Manhart, Michael

    2015-04-01

    combining the Taylor expansion of velocity increments, du, and the Langevin equation for point particles we obtained the components of velocity fluxes which point to a drift and diffusion behavior in the velocity space. Thus a partial differential equation for the velocity PDF has been formulated that constitutes an advection-diffusion equation in velocity space (a Fokker-Planck equation) in which the drift and diffusion coefficients are obtained using the velocity conditioned statistics of the derivatives of the pore scale velocity field. This has been solved by both a Random Walk (RW) model and a Finite Volume method. We conclude that both, these methods are able to simulate the velocity PDF obtained by DNS. References [1] D. W. Meyer, P. Jenny, H.A.Tschelepi, A joint velocity-concentration PDF method for traqcer flow in heterogeneous porous media, Water Resour.Res., 46, W12522, (2010). [2] Nowak, W., R. L. Schwede, O. A. Cirpka, and I. Neuweiler, Probability density functions of hydraulic head and velocity in three-dimensional heterogeneous porous media, Water Resour.Res., 44, W08452, (2008) [3] D. W. Meyer, H. A. Tchelepi, Particle-based transport model with Markovian velocity processes for tracer dispersion in highly heterogeneous porous media, Water Resour. Res., 46, W11552, (2010)

  17. [Advantages and disadvantages of different methods for the implementation and the support of standard operating procedures: From PDF files to an app- and webbased SOP management system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, M; Riech, S; Brandes, I; Waeschle, R M

    2015-11-01

    The quality assurance of care and patient safety, with increasing cost pressure and performance levels is of major importance in the high-risk and high cost area of the operating room (OR). Standard operating procedures (SOP) are an established tool for structuring and standardization of the clinical treatment pathways and show multiple benefits for quality assurance and process optimization. An internal project was initiated in the department of anesthesiology and a continuous improvement process was carried out to build up a comprehensive SOP library. In the first step the spectrum of procedures in anesthesiology was transferred to PDF-based SOPs. The further development to an app-based SOP library (Aesculapp) was due to the high resource expenditure for the administration and maintenance of the large PDF-based SOP collection and to deficits in the mobile availability. The next developmental stage, the SOP healthcare information assistant (SOPHIA) included a simplified and advanced update feature, an archive feature previously missing and notably the possibility to share the SOP library with other departments including the option to adapt each SOP to the individual situation. A survey of the personnel showed that the app-based allocation of SOPs (Aesculapp, SOPHIA) had a higher acceptance than the PDF-based developmental stage SOP form. The SOP management system SOPHIA combines the benefits of the forerunner version Aesculapp with improved options for intradepartmental maintenance and administration of the SOPs and the possibility of an export and editing function for interinstitutional exchange of SOPs.

  18. PDF turbulence modeling and DNS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, A. T.

    1992-01-01

    The problem of time discontinuity (or jump condition) in the coalescence/dispersion (C/D) mixing model is addressed in probability density function (pdf). A C/D mixing model continuous in time is introduced. With the continuous mixing model, the process of chemical reaction can be fully coupled with mixing. In the case of homogeneous turbulence decay, the new model predicts a pdf very close to a Gaussian distribution, with finite higher moments also close to that of a Gaussian distribution. Results from the continuous mixing model are compared with both experimental data and numerical results from conventional C/D models. The effect of Coriolis forces on compressible homogeneous turbulence is studied using direct numerical simulation (DNS). The numerical method used in this study is an eight order compact difference scheme. Contrary to the conclusions reached by previous DNS studies on incompressible isotropic turbulence, the present results show that the Coriolis force increases the dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy, and that anisotropy develops as the Coriolis force increases. The Taylor-Proudman theory does apply since the derivatives in the direction of the rotation axis vanishes rapidly. A closer analysis reveals that the dissipation rate of the incompressible component of the turbulent kinetic energy indeed decreases with a higher rotation rate, consistent with incompressible flow simulations (Bardina), while the dissipation rate of the compressible part increases; the net gain is positive. Inertial waves are observed in the simulation results.

  19. PDF approach for turbulent scalar field: Some recent developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Feng

    1993-01-01

    The probability density function (PDF) method has been proven a very useful approach in turbulence research. It has been particularly effective in simulating turbulent reacting flows and in studying some detailed statistical properties generated by a turbulent field There are, however, some important questions that have yet to be answered in PDF studies. Our efforts in the past year have been focused on two areas. First, a simple mixing model suitable for Monte Carlo simulations has been developed based on the mapping closure. Secondly, the mechanism of turbulent transport has been analyzed in order to understand the recently observed abnormal PDF's of turbulent temperature fields generated by linear heat sources.

  20. Adobe Acrobat X PDF Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Padova, Ted

    2011-01-01

    The classic Acrobat and PDF reference, updated to cover the latest release. Consistently the most authoritative and comprehensive resource on Acrobat and PDF format, this standard reference returns with in-depth coverage of the newest version of Acrobat. Written by bestselling author Ted Padova, this book is packed with real-world insights and techniques gained from Padova's daily use of Acrobat and PDF under deadline constraints. You'll discover everything there is to know about using Acrobat and PDF for print prepress, the Internet, CD-ROMs, and other forms of media.: Popular author Ted Pado

  1. PDF Modeling of Turbulent Combustion

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pope, Stephen B

    2006-01-01

    .... The PDF approach to turbulent combustion has the advantages of fully representing the turbulent fluctuations of species and temperature, and of allowing realistic combustion chemistry to be implemented...

  2. The gamma-ray-flux PDF from galactic halo substructure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Samuel K.; Ando, Shin'ichiro; Kamionkowski, Marc

    2009-01-01

    One of the targets of the recently launched Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope is a diffuse gamma-ray background from dark-matter annihilation or decay in the Galactic halo. N-body simulations and theoretical arguments suggest that the dark matter in the Galactic halo may be clumped into substructure, rather than smoothly distributed. Here we propose the gamma-ray-flux probability distribution function (PDF) as a probe of substructure in the Galactic halo. We calculate this PDF for a phenomenological model of halo substructure and determine the regions of the substructure parameter space in which the PDF may be distinguished from the PDF for a smooth distribution of dark matter. In principle, the PDF allows a statistical detection of substructure, even if individual halos cannot be detected. It may also allow detection of substructure on the smallest microhalo mass scales, ∼ M ⊕ , for weakly-interacting massive particles (WIMPs). Furthermore, it may also provide a method to measure the substructure mass function. However, an analysis that assumes a typical halo substructure model and a conservative estimate of the diffuse background suggests that the substructure PDF may not be detectable in the lifespan of Fermi in the specific case that the WIMP is a neutralino. Nevertheless, for a large range of substructure, WIMP annihilation, and diffuse background models, PDF analysis may provide a clear signature of substructure

  3. A time dependent mixing model to close PDF equations for transport in heterogeneous aquifers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schüler, L.; Suciu, N.; Knabner, P.; Attinger, S.

    2016-10-01

    Probability density function (PDF) methods are a promising alternative to predicting the transport of solutes in groundwater under uncertainty. They make it possible to derive the evolution equations of the mean concentration and the concentration variance, used in moment methods. The mixing model, describing the transport of the PDF in concentration space, is essential for both methods. Finding a satisfactory mixing model is still an open question and due to the rather elaborate PDF methods, a difficult undertaking. Both the PDF equation and the concentration variance equation depend on the same mixing model. This connection is used to find and test an improved mixing model for the much easier to handle concentration variance. Subsequently, this mixing model is transferred to the PDF equation and tested. The newly proposed mixing model yields significantly improved results for both variance modelling and PDF modelling.

  4. Dynamic Link Inclusion in Online PDF Journals

    OpenAIRE

    Probets, Steve; Brailsford, David; Carr, Les; Hall, Wendy

    1998-01-01

    Two complementary de facto standards for the publication of electronic documents are HTML on theWorldWideWeb and Adobe s PDF (Portable Document Format) language for use with Acrobat viewers. Both these formats provide support for hypertext features to be embedded within documents. We present a method, which allows links and other hypertext material to be kept in an abstract form in separate link databases. The links can then be interpreted or compiled at any stage and applied, in the correct ...

  5. Maximum entropy PDF projection: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baggenstoss, Paul M.

    2017-06-01

    We review maximum entropy (MaxEnt) PDF projection, a method with wide potential applications in statistical inference. The method constructs a sampling distribution for a high-dimensional vector x based on knowing the sampling distribution p(z) of a lower-dimensional feature z = T (x). Under mild conditions, the distribution p(x) having highest possible entropy among all distributions consistent with p(z) may be readily found. Furthermore, the MaxEnt p(x) may be sampled, making the approach useful in Monte Carlo methods. We review the theorem and present a case study in model order selection and classification for handwritten character recognition.

  6. SU-F-T-94: Plan2pdf - a Software Tool for Automatic Plan Report for Philips Pinnacle TPS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, C [Sutter Medical Foundation, Roseville, CA (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To implement an automatic electronic PDF plan reporting tool for Philips Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS) Methods: An electronic treatment plan reporting software is developed by us to enable fully automatic PDF report from Pinnacle TPS to external EMR programs such as MOSAIQ. The tool is named “plan2pdf”. plan2pdf is implemented using Pinnacle scripts, Java and UNIX shell scripts, without any external program needed. plan2pdf supports full auto-mode and manual mode reporting. In full auto-mode, with a single mouse click, plan2pdf will generate a detailed Pinnacle plan report in PDF format, which includes customizable cover page, Pinnacle plan summary, orthogonal views through each plan POI and maximum dose point, DRR for each beam, serial transverse views captured throughout the dose grid at a user specified interval, DVH and scorecard windows. The final PDF report is also automatically bookmarked for each section above for convenient plan review. The final PDF report can either be saved on a user specified folder on Pinnacle, or it can be automatically exported to an EMR import folder via a user configured FTP service. In manual capture mode, plan2pdf allows users to capture any Pinnacle plan by full screen, individual window or rectangular ROI drawn on screen. Furthermore, to avoid possible patients’ plan mix-up during auto-mode reporting, a user conflict check feature is included in plan2pdf: it prompts user to wait if another patient is being exported by plan2pdf by another user. Results: plan2pdf is tested extensively and successfully at our institution consists of 5 centers, 15 dosimetrists and 10 physicists, running Pinnacle version 9.10 on Enterprise servers. Conclusion: plan2pdf provides a highly efficient, user friendly and clinical proven platform for all Philips Pinnacle users, to generate a detailed plan report in PDF format for external EMR systems.

  7. SU-F-T-94: Plan2pdf - a Software Tool for Automatic Plan Report for Philips Pinnacle TPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, C

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To implement an automatic electronic PDF plan reporting tool for Philips Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS) Methods: An electronic treatment plan reporting software is developed by us to enable fully automatic PDF report from Pinnacle TPS to external EMR programs such as MOSAIQ. The tool is named “plan2pdf”. plan2pdf is implemented using Pinnacle scripts, Java and UNIX shell scripts, without any external program needed. plan2pdf supports full auto-mode and manual mode reporting. In full auto-mode, with a single mouse click, plan2pdf will generate a detailed Pinnacle plan report in PDF format, which includes customizable cover page, Pinnacle plan summary, orthogonal views through each plan POI and maximum dose point, DRR for each beam, serial transverse views captured throughout the dose grid at a user specified interval, DVH and scorecard windows. The final PDF report is also automatically bookmarked for each section above for convenient plan review. The final PDF report can either be saved on a user specified folder on Pinnacle, or it can be automatically exported to an EMR import folder via a user configured FTP service. In manual capture mode, plan2pdf allows users to capture any Pinnacle plan by full screen, individual window or rectangular ROI drawn on screen. Furthermore, to avoid possible patients’ plan mix-up during auto-mode reporting, a user conflict check feature is included in plan2pdf: it prompts user to wait if another patient is being exported by plan2pdf by another user. Results: plan2pdf is tested extensively and successfully at our institution consists of 5 centers, 15 dosimetrists and 10 physicists, running Pinnacle version 9.10 on Enterprise servers. Conclusion: plan2pdf provides a highly efficient, user friendly and clinical proven platform for all Philips Pinnacle users, to generate a detailed plan report in PDF format for external EMR systems.

  8. A multi-scalar PDF approach for LES of turbulent spray combustion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raman, Venkat; Heye, Colin

    2011-11-01

    A comprehensive joint-scalar probability density function (PDF) approach is proposed for large eddy simulation (LES) of turbulent spray combustion and tests are conducted to analyze the validity and modeling requirements. The PDF method has the advantage that the chemical source term appears closed but requires models for the small scale mixing process. A stable and consistent numerical algorithm for the LES/PDF approach is presented. To understand the modeling issues in the PDF method, direct numerical simulation of a spray flame at three different fuel droplet Stokes numbers and an equivalent gaseous flame are carried out. Assumptions in closing the subfilter conditional diffusion term in the filtered PDF transport equation are evaluated for various model forms. In addition, the validity of evaporation rate models in high Stokes number flows is analyzed.

  9. New frontiers in PDF determination

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) are a crucial input at the LHC, their uncertainty often being the limiting factor in the accuracy of theoretical predictions. At the same time the LHC is delivering a number of precise measurements that have the potential to greatly constrain these functions. I will give an overview on the theory behind and on the state of the art of PDF determination. I will then mention the new theoretical and methodological challenges in modern PDF fits and explore the precision frontiers opened by the accuracy of the LHC data.

  10. The PDF4LHC report on PDFs and LHC data: results from Run I and preparation for Run II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rojo, Juan; Accardi, Alberto; Ball, Richard D; Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; Gwenlan, Claire; Roeck, Albert de; Mangano, Michelangelo; Farry, Stephen; Ferrando, James; Forte, Stefano; Gao, Jun; Harland-Lang, Lucian; Huston, Joey; Glazov, Alexander; Lipka, Katerina; Gouzevitch, Maxime; Lisovyi, Mykhailo; Nadolsky, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    The accurate determination of the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton is an essential ingredient of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) program. PDF uncertainties impact a wide range of processes, from Higgs boson characterization and precision Standard Model measurements to new physics searches. A major recent development in modern PDF analyses has been to exploit the wealth of new information contained in precision measurements from the LHC Run I, as well as progress in tools and methods to include these data in PDF fits. In this report we summarize the information that PDF-sensitive measurements at the LHC have provided so far, and review the prospects for further constraining PDFs with data from the recently started Run II. This document aims to provide useful input to the LHC collaborations to prioritize their PDF-sensitive measurements at Run II, as well as a comprehensive reference for the PDF-fitting collaborations. (topical review)

  11. The PDF4LHC report on PDFs and LHC data. Results from Run I and preparation for Run II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rojo, Juan; Ball, Richard D.; CERN, Geneva

    2015-07-01

    The accurate determination of the Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) of the proton is an essential ingredient of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) program. PDF uncertainties impact a wide range of processes, from Higgs boson characterisation and precision Standard Model measurements to New Physics searches. A major recent development in modern PDF analyses has been to exploit the wealth of new information contained in precision measurements from the LHC Run I, as well as progress in tools and methods to include these data in PDF fits. In this report we summarise the information that PDF-sensitive measurements at the LHC have provided so far, and review the prospects for further constraining PDFs with data from the recently started Run II. This document aims to provide useful input to the LHC collaborations to prioritise their PDF-sensitive measurements at Run II, as well as a comprehensive reference for the PDF-fitting collaborations.

  12. The PDF4LHC report on PDFs and LHC data: Results from Run I and preparation for Run II

    CERN Document Server

    Rojo, Juan; Ball, Richard D; Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; de Roeck, Albert; Farry, Stephen; Ferrando, James; Forte, Stefano; Gao, Jun; Harland-Lang, Lucian; Huston, Joey; Glazov, Alexander; Gouzevitch, Maxime; Gwenlan, Claire; Lipka, Katerina; Lisovyi, Mykhailo; Mangano, Michelangelo; Nadolsky, Pavel; Perrozzi, Luca; Placakyte, Ringaile; Radescu, Voica; Salam, Gavin P; Thorne, Robert

    2015-01-01

    The accurate determination of the Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) of the proton is an essential ingredient of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) program. PDF uncertainties impact a wide range of processes, from Higgs boson characterisation and precision Standard Model measurements to New Physics searches. A major recent development in modern PDF analyses has been to exploit the wealth of new information contained in precision measurements from the LHC Run I, as well as progress in tools and methods to include these data in PDF fits. In this report we summarise the information that PDF-sensitive measurements at the LHC have provided so far, and review the prospects for further constraining PDFs with data from the recently started Run II. This document aims to provide useful input to the LHC collaborations to prioritise their PDF-sensitive measurements at Run II, as well as a comprehensive reference for the PDF-fitting collaborations.

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    Dr Obe

    relaxation methods obtained approximate numerical solutions of the .... The first fundamental thing is that the difficulties with the ... methods. An application of the finite-element technique would of course prove interesting. REFERENCES. [1].

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    DNA and opened the way for cloning using cDNA libraries. 1970 General method was developed by M Mandel and A Higa for introducing DNA into cells by calcium dependent method. ..... I' the most characteristically human activities.

  18. A Lagrangian mixing frequency model for transported PDF modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkeri, Hasret; Zhao, Xinyu

    2017-11-01

    In this study, a Lagrangian mixing frequency model is proposed for molecular mixing models within the framework of transported probability density function (PDF) methods. The model is based on the dissipations of mixture fraction and progress variables obtained from Lagrangian particles in PDF methods. The new model is proposed as a remedy to the difficulty in choosing the optimal model constant parameters when using conventional mixing frequency models. The model is implemented in combination with the Interaction by exchange with the mean (IEM) mixing model. The performance of the new model is examined by performing simulations of Sandia Flame D and the turbulent premixed flame from the Cambridge stratified flame series. The simulations are performed using the pdfFOAM solver which is a LES/PDF solver developed entirely in OpenFOAM. A 16-species reduced mechanism is used to represent methane/air combustion, and in situ adaptive tabulation is employed to accelerate the finite-rate chemistry calculations. The results are compared with experimental measurements as well as with the results obtained using conventional mixing frequency models. Dynamic mixing frequencies are predicted using the new model without solving additional transport equations, and good agreement with experimental data is observed.

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    Chloride was determined using Volhard's method. [9] and nitrate using the Brucine method [10]. Total phosphate .... "Meu MTN 31 MARTIN MATH DIMANA. M 1. Fig. 7. ..... B.K. Shephard, A.W. Mcintosh, G.J. Atchison and D.W. Nelson, Water.

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    Eser Bayramoğlu

    2011-11-07

    Nov 7, 2011 ... Available online at http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB .... enzyme (luciferase) catalyzes a reaction between ATP and luciferin as follows (Josee, 2003): ... leather production processes. This method is a reliable method for chemical suppliers to prove effective aspects of their products for their customers.

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    Mr Olusoji

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    Dr Olaleye

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    Administrator

    2007-02-19

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    employment background of graduates and ascertain which skills acquired in the MPH programme are applicable in their current work situation. Methods ... The age, gender and educational background data for ... to social desirability bias.

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    Administrator

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    AMuchugi

    2016-08-03

    Peakall and Smouse, 2009) software to a provide visual representation of genetic structure. Cluster analysis using an unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averaging (UPGMA) (Sneath and Sokal, 1973) was used.

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    FOBUR

    adults in Jos metropolis the prevalence of diabetes. 5 was found to ... uncertainties regarding the effectiveness of different. 7 methods ... glucose was identified by 59% of the study group, dietary choices in 53% of the study group, the need for.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Key words. Methods: statistical—cosmology: theory—dark ages, ...... Accounting for the possible light cone effect would also be important, when one tries to ... The first author (SM) would like to acknowledge financial support from the European.

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    (CKD) patients with regard to their dialysis, medication, dietary and fluid restriction. Methods: Key words were ... 1School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Rwanda, Rwanda. 2Rory Meyens ... acid base, fluid, and electrolyte balance (5).

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-25

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    SEARCHU

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    Chief Professional Nurse, Trauma Casualty, Johannesburg Hospital. Jasmin Gassiep .... The TRISS method gives a physiological and anatomi- cal index of injury severity .... injury severity were calculated based on anatomical, physiological ...

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    2017-12-29

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    for treating gunshot wounds. One day he ... treatment treated in the traditional manner with boiling elderberry oil ... using a lancet during teething , in the belief that teeth were failing ... Pare's writings further include the results of his methodical ...

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    AJTCAM

    In Africa, farmers have indigenous methods to treat diseases using medicinal plant ..... North West China concluded that there were no publicly recognized specialists. .... Center for Scientific research, Indigenous Knowledge and Innovation, ...

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    USER

    2016-08-03

    Aug 3, 2016 ... Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, College of Science, Federal. University of ... other methods such as incineration ..... system. Depletion of dissolved oxygen in water supplies can encourage the.

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    2018-05-01

    May 1, 2018 ... the asphaltenes precipitation was occurs in all Hassi Messaoud's oil field locations. Keywords: ... oil recovery and transportation; porous media, production tubing, valves and pipelines. [5,3,10. ... 2.1 Materials and Methods.

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    for disbursements of resources allocated to all the 196 member ... Assembly. Direct financial cooperation (DFC) are ... Methods: This was a desk review of financial activities from the ... of implementation and management of Direct Financial.

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    Clients seen in facilities under nongovernmental management had better provision ... The Malawi government initiated the Youth Friendly Health .... of method use, side effects, waiting time, ability to discuss ..... component of youth sports.16.

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    Ayodele Azeez A

    responsible for the poor performance of the Nigerian design firms. Data for the study .... measure the degree to which a company was operating under ... 3) Paired group comparison: a method ... assist in getting best choice, making the choice ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    345 a-alkoxy acid. Design, synthesis and computational validation of novel ... Two expedient 'one-pot' methods for synthesis of ..... Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Synthesis and ..... Emission and absorption titrations. Synthesis ...

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    ebutamanya

    2015-09-11

    Sep 11, 2015 ... multivariate logistic regressions were used to assess risk factors ... multivariate analysis included initiation of sexual activity at less than 20 years ... and cost effective method of treating cervical lesions and preventing.

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    JTEkanem

    Printed in Nigeria. Preliminary Studies on the effect of processing methods on the quality of three ... information on the processed ones. ... The deep – frying was done in vegetable oil in a pot on .... account for the seemingly different behaviours.

  5. pdf2xml

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Preparation for statistical analysis: Measures of dispersion, normal distribution and ... The HSRmodules are used in the Community Health and Social Science ... Qualitative research methods have also been given more weight and they were ...

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    GB

    2017-11-01

    Nov 1, 2017 ... laboratory methods and techniques were applied to identify the ... through sexual contact. .... Descriptive statistics was applied to determine the .... Table 3: Bivariate and multivariate analysis for N. gonorrhea and T. Pallidum ...

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    Administrator

    resources, and limit access of the sparse blood units to those most in .... training background and work experience. Statistical methods .... hemoglobin level compared to the female patients. (12.94/10.19 vs .... Indian Journal of. Anaesthesia ...

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    Vicki Reisenauer

    2013-06-07

    Jun 7, 2013 ... method, the probability that the South African Hereford cattle were members ... pedigree and DNA marker information. ... using GeneMapper v4.0 (Life Technologies, Grand Island, New York, USA). .... Biometrics 32, 949-953.

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    User

    for discontinuation; and report an initial experience with the method. This was a ... They have been found to be effective, safe, reversible, and .... after delivery or second trimester abortion . ... pressure of a training session in the facility. Early.

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    Proff.Adewunmi

    Patients and Methods: It was a cross sectional study of patients admitted into the ICU who ..... This bacteria has maintained its position as the leading pathogenic ... one of the commonest in the late-onset Ventilator acquired Pneumonia (VAP).

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    home

    2014-03-17

    Mar 17, 2014 ... and determining the bioactive compounds present in edible .... light according to the method described by Shanti et al.,. 2012 ... reaction such as enzymatic browning and lipid oxidation ... 10 Powder + nitric acid + ammonia.

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    amino acids analysis (Especially for the free amino acids), this formula was then analyzed for .... Methods: Skim milk hydrolysates were pre-. 1. pared by two enzymes: purified. Protease ...... recombinant phenylalanine ammonia lyase. Proc.

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    2013-09-28

    Ciocalteau reagent and Aluminium chloride colorimetric estimation method respectively. Negundoside and agnuside content were estimated using HPLC. Antibacterial .... Sample was quantified by comparing the retention time/peak ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    Methods: In this prospective study, 300 primigravid women were enrolled and assigned by ... restriction, and intrauterine fetal death have ... and in South East Asia . ..... Civil Servant. Business. Housewife. Educational status. Quranic Education.

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    Boaz

    Materials and methods: Volumes of the different extracts into molten Sabouraud ... Un disque de 2 mm d'agar coupé à partir de la marge de croissance active, les cultures de chaque (dermatophytes ..... packaging of antifungal products.

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    Abe Olugbenga

    Material & Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of infertility cases seen at the ... ovulation induction giving the highest percentage of live births (5, 50%). ... Nigeria. Bowen University Teaching. Hospital is a young privately owned. Teaching ...

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    big timmy

    The effects of the substitution of aluminum or scandium on the density, toughness ... density functional quantum mechanical calculation methods. ... are used in the form of an intermetallic (alloy) according to their required physical properties.

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    mwakagugu

    Perceived oral health, oral self-care habits and dental attendance among pregnant women in. Benin-City, Nigeria ... Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant ..... pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system. J.

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    A simple and sensitive stability indicating HPLC method is developed for the quantification of paliperidone in bulk and tablet dosage form. ... using the calibration curve or from the regression ... System suitability: System suitability test was.

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    2009-06-29

    Jun 29, 2009 ... priate theory, suitable delivery methods and individual/group approaches. Adequate contact ..... The SCT (Bandura 2001:52) describes learning as a reciprocal ..... Social support is an important element in dietary behaviour.

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    abp

    2013-01-20

    Jan 20, 2013 ... spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in bacterial isolates further different phenotypic methods are compared to detect ESBL and ... expression of chromosomal AmpC β-lactamases, masking the .... alterations in these isolates.

  2. Joint PDF modelling of turbulent flow and dispersion in an urban street canyon

    OpenAIRE

    Bakosi, J.; Franzese, P.; Boybeyi, Z.

    2010-01-01

    The joint probability density function (PDF) of turbulent velocity and concentration of a passive scalar in an urban street canyon is computed using a newly developed particle-in-cell Monte Carlo method. Compared to moment closures, the PDF methodology provides the full one-point one-time PDF of the underlying fields containing all higher moments and correlations. The small-scale mixing of the scalar released from a concentrated source at the street level is modelled by the interaction by exc...

  3. Qualitative XRD - use of the PDF for beginners and the evolution of the ICDD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hubbard, C.R.

    2002-01-01

    Full text: The Powder Diffraction File (PDF), published by the International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD), has traditionally been used for phase identification by x-ray diffraction methods and is widely used in establishing the phases present in reaction, corrosion and decomposition products in fields including mineralogy, materials science, manufacturing and pharmaceuticals. The X-ray diffraction reference patterns of the PDF have been collected and edited by the non profit organization known today as the International Centre for Diffraction Data (ICDD). Recent activities by the ICDD have greatly enhanced the PDF based on collaboration with structural data centers, expanding the pattern producing Grants-in-Aid program, and focussing efforts of task groups of the ICDD Technical Committee. The currently evolving needs of combinatorial scientists, pharmaceutical laboratories, and computational materials science will impact the PDF in coming years. One opportunity is for greater cross-linking of characterization and property databases and the efforts to explore this future will be discussed. This presentation will survey the evolution of the organization and the PDF emphasizing the more recent changes, summarize the contents of the PDF, present highlights of how to use the powder diffraction file for phase identification, and highlight advantages of the forthcoming relational database format for the PDF. Copyright (2002) Australian X-ray Analytical Association Inc

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    Chris

    biodiversity modelling methods employed by this study show that land-cover change ... heterogeneity of topographic and climatic conditions, as well as its relatively large size. ... effects of land-cover alterations on biodiversity are compounded by .... From this inventory it was determined that the earliest cloud free Landsat.

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    komla

    48 h after which they were weighed on a (LSD) at 5% probability. sensitive scale, and an average weight per nodule calculated. The percent nitrogen. Results fixed by cowpea was estimated using the Tillage depth and bulk density total nitrogen difference (TND) method as Among the tillage treatments, Con described by ...

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    User

    homologous but the most important aspect of blood transfusion is safety. It is pertinent to note that “unsafe blood transfusion” can be more dangerous than no blood at all . The discovery of blood type and method of preventing coagulation allowed the development of homologous blood transfusion and the formation.

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    User

    Sept. 2009 Vol. 12 (3):302-305. SENSITIVITY PATTERN OF BACTERIAL ISOLATES IN CHILDHOOD. SEPSIS IN CLINICAL PRACTICE AT ONITSHA. * EO Obidike, **G Anigbo, ***C Igbodo. ABSTRACT. Objective: Method: Results: Conclusion: Key words: * Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, UNEC, Enugu,** ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    Objective:To identify the prevalence and pattern of the disease among the obstetric ... Materials and Methods:A review of the records of 505 consecutively booked and ... intact skin or mucous membrane with secretions or ... serum or plasma reacts with the particle to form a .... Journal of Clinical Virology 2004; 29: 59 -. 68. 3.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aim of this study was to explore experiences of academics in a higher- education institution of their self-leadership traits in an educational ... Methods. A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was followed. ... 2 Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Community Health, University of the Western ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    http://en.wikipedia.org. M Ezekiel and F A Fox, Methods of Correlation and Regression Analysis, Wiley, New York, 1959. FH Messerli, Chocolate Consumption, Cognitive Function, and Nobel Laureates, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.367, pp.1562–1564, 2012. Mohan Delampady. 1058. RESONANCE | December ...

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    ABSTRACT. Objective: Although it is presumed that both kidneys excrete similar urinary constituents, it is a general observation that the majority of patients present with unilateral stone disease. The aim of this work was to study the laterality of recurrence in calcium stone formers. Patients and Methods: In a retrospective ...

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    Unregulated antibiotic use and rampant practice of self-medication in Nigeria, is a cause for concern. Methods: A total of ... crobiota by the administration of antibiotics, cortisone medication .... jectives with the condenser iris closed sufficiently to give good contrast. ... Using a sterile wire loop, a colony of each suspected Can-.

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    Heinmari Kruger

    Materials and methods: Since the massage industry is predominantly practiced by females, ... Publishing services by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Johannesburg University. This is an open access ... one who treats clients by using touch to manipulate soft-tissue ...... Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 56(1), 1163e1167.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    methods which we described as “largely com- binatorial. ... element is, of course, the 'inverse' of a modulo p. Consider the (p − 1) ... For the proof we first establish a lemma: For any prime p, the only .... Let k > 1. Given any finite collection of k.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: Molecular study of BRCA2 gene in man with familial breast cancer. Methods: PCR and direct sequencing of BRCA2 ... Molecular analysis in the patient identified a heterozygous. BRCA2 nucleotide mutation c.6428 C>A in .... Filippini S, Blanco A, Fernández-Marmiesse A, et al. Multiplex NaPshot for detection of ...

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    ETIWISTIC

    2013-04-29

    Apr 29, 2013 ... Under German GAAP, historical cost is the only valuation method permitted for intangible assets. Under both UK-GAAP and. IFRS, however, intangible assets are to be carried at either historical cost or fair value less any amortization and impairment charges. Under fair value,. Measurement in Accounting: ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    through hydrothermal method by using a novel capping agent. 753. Ahmed Ejaz ..... Farzaneh F. Synthesis and characterization of TiO2–SiO2 nanoparticles as ..... Investigation of electroluminescence properties of CdTe@CdS core-shell ...

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    PUBLICATIONS1

    2015 Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST). Journal of .... MATERIALS AND METHODS. Surveys on ... were brought to the Plant Pathology Laboratory ... search - Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, for ... three times in sterile distilled water and allowed .... This is in line with the findings of Ko et al.

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    AJB SERVER

    2006-09-18

    Sep 18, 2006 ... on the typing method and age group of patients from which the blood samples are obtained. Beck et al. (1997) and Smith et al. (1999) reported a higher load of infection among children aged between 1 – 9 years old with multiple infections of about 5 clones per patient. However in another study conducted ...

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    Administrator

    Methods: A hundred and twenty consecutive admissions with eclampsia managed in ... Case fatality rate was 11.7%, diazepam use failed to achieve significant association ... PMB 3452, Zaria road ... management of preeclampsia. ... diagnosis of cerebral malaria and other medical ..... factors for cerebral palsy in term infants.

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    jen

    Objective: To determine the necessity of continuous gauze packing of abscess cavities following incision and drainage of limb abscesses. Methods: Limb abscesses managed between January, 2001 and December, 2005 were prospectively studied. The wounds were packed for the first 24hrs for heamostasis after.

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    2008-02-26

    Feb 26, 2008 ... ABSTRACT. Objective: To describe the pathologic pattern of invasive bladder carcinoma in cystectomy specimens in relation to bilharziasis. Patients and Methods: Between April 2002 and October 2006, 148 consecutive patients with invasive bladder cancer were subjected to radical cystectomy and ...

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    olayemitoyin

    The mean serum proteins of hepatitis patients were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those of the control and malaria while there were ... regions; and to determine the relationship between .... Kingsley, G.R. (1942) The direct Biuret method for.

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    Methods: A total of 1,181 new patients were examined over a 27-month period in .... Refractive error 6(2.0) 18(7.1) 2007.6)) 6(1.9) - (0.0 50 (4.2). Pterygium 2(0.7) 15(5.9) .... an integrated eye care programme aimed at identifying patients with ...

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    user pc

    2017-12-02

    Dec 2, 2017 ... Insulin resistance and β cells dysfunction are the metabolic ... Oral hypoglycemia drugs currently used include sulfonylurea .... modern therapy waits pharmacological testing by modern methods. ... was due to regeneration of pancreatic cell that were partially .... Activity of methanol stem back of Adasonia.

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    GB

    2016-01-01

    Jan 1, 2016 ... METHODS: A community based cross sectional quantitative study design supplemented by qualitative ... age group (15–24 years) as compared to lower ... technique to contact and interview eligible women. ... permission letter was obtained from each district ..... who face problems/complications come to our.

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    ACSS

    moisture (“S”). Soil water depletion “S” was calculated from soil water profile, measured in one replication for a depth of 60 cm with 20 cm intervals, 2-3 days after irrigation and immediately before each irrigation event. This was done from planting to harvesting, through gravimetric method. Soil samples were oven-dried at ...

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    Nubidga

    The results of repeated measurement analysed using the ANOVA statistical method revealed that the SBT group performed better than the control group.. Also, it was shown that. SBT was successful for both types of testing vocabulary. Keywords: adult classroom, teaching, learning, mobile phone, English language, ESL.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-02

    Oct 2, 2017 ... management methods include support and coordination of services by donors, advocacy ... Despite the involvement of the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) and a ..... and not being involved in the formal decision making processes and activities in waste ..... Practice of intensive system.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    critical entry point for both HIVIAIDS prevention and care and support of HIV infected and affected ... Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted from October 13-. 28,2004. ... Studies in Ethiopia on different population groups had ..... Had sexual contact with commercial sex workers (only for 12(6.8).

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    userpc

    In this paper, a green method is reported for the synthesis and ... nanoparticles were characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, ... paper, plastic, leather, food, cosmetic, textile ... amount of surface atom, high mechanical ... respectively to determine the absorbance of .... the temperature leads to the dislodging of the.

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    08 Markov Chain Monte Carlo Methods. Statistical Concepts. K B Athreya, Mohan Oelampady and T Krishnan. 20 The Blue Baby Syndrome. Nitrate Poisoning in Humans. Oeepanjan Majumdar. 31 Bird Flight and Satlsh Dhawan: Some Thoughts. K RYSimha. 40 Doing Little Science with Dhawan. Roddam Narasimha.

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    GB

    However, there are no efforts to synthesis the findings of these studies. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the strength of the association of birth in the health facility with selected sociodemographic factors. METHODS: A meta-analysis of Mantel–Haenszel odds ratios was conducted by including 24 articles.

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    UNIBEN

    Background: Emergency contraception (EC) refers to the use of drugs or a device as an emergency measure ... Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 400 male students of the. University of ... University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. E-mail: ..... pill,. IUD. 2013.www.nhs.uk/conditions/contra.

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    PRO

    Abstract. Surface water samples from seven streams on the Akwapim Ridge were analysed over a period of 1 year for various water quality parameters following standard methods prescribed in APHA, AWWA, WEF and AOAC. The study was carried out in order to assess the suitability of the streams for drinking and other ...

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    Nekky Umera

    gods and with ensuring that people pay obeisance to the gods. Oedipus commits the ... Literature 1:1 Enekwe asserts that African drama fails to attract a large audience on this ... methods, when these are truly in the service of humanity, can help black art and ..... spontaneity the power and concentration which characterize.

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    cadewumi

    thonningii extracts on growth, morphology and morphometry of the abdominal viscera and clinical biochemistry of neonatal rats. Materials and Methods: ... maturational and functional changes on the GIT particularly in neonates where permeability is relatively high (Linderoth et al., 2005; Erlwanger and Cooper, 2008, Beya ...

  18. pdf2xml

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The book links together the writing contributions of different members of the CAMPlab .... In their view, the traditional scientific method is not the best means for ...... in the care and maintenance of crops, especially when men are engaged in the ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-03-20

    Mar 20, 2009 ... the condiment in culinary preparations suggests that the flavourant could ... supply of gaseous atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, oxygen, and nitro- ... Traditional method of production of locust bean condiment (Iru) as reported by ..... to 45°C. Moreover, microorganisms source for energy by releasing ...

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    egyptian hak

    High group (300 mg per kg-bwt per day of plant extract) for 21 days. Group V: Positive ... The serum total creatinine content was measured by the method of Varley. (1969). ... The low dose of plant extract caused a recovery of liver weight and ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    presented, method of solution is outlined in section 3, the exact solution is obtained in section 4, the results are presented in. Section 5 and these results are discussed in Section 6. 2. MATHEMATICAL FORMULATION. Adebile (2003) in his work gave an equation for microwave heating presented in equation 1. Cit au x ,.

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    kirstam

    Mr R.G. Duffett is a senior lecturer in the Marketing Department, Faculty of Business, ... users around the world and allows them to share experiences with each other, as ...... access method on social media evaluation', Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 10: 347–355. ... 'Fostering consumer–brand relationships in social media.

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    USER

    The method of United States Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food. Safety and ... ready-to-eat and fast food joints. Samples were .... in China. Food control 17:971-974. Cheesbrough M. (2006). District Laboratory Practice in. Tropical ...

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    big timmy

    column and preparative thin layer chromatography for isolation and purification of the compounds. ... medicinal properties in the indigenous system of ... the plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Plant Material. The latex of Euphorbia drupifera, 250 ml, was obtained from a standing plant in Ipe/Oka akoko area of Ondo State in ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ETIWISTIC

    2013-04-29

    Apr 29, 2013 ... science and art of study of existence or life with the aid of the mind by way of languages, patterns of .... in dialectics, analysis and synthesis in philosophy and other sciences? Is it not logic that aided the ... instructed in syllogism of Aristotle or the West or in methods of syllogising or taught to think or reason ...

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    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Problem A In a chess board with 64 squares, if a set of 64 numbers ... or changed a little such that the original method still works. ... You are encouraged to try to solve the problems .... mental equilibrium vvas definitely upset by illness) a very.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethical approval. Introduction. Complex intra-abdominal sepsis secondary to acute appendicitis is common in South Africa, and management frequently involves relaparotomy. The decision to perform relaparotomy is often difficult, and this study aimed to develop a clinical model to aid the decision-making process. Methods.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... The disease is divided into two categories; namely ... The method consists of capturing several key features of the Color Auto .... of view [22]. ..... [44] Mustaffa M R, Ahmad F, Mahmod R, Doraisamy S. Multi-resolution joint auto.

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    Mr Olusoji

    previous GDM, family history ofDM, previous bad obstetrics history. Other methods used for screening degree of glucose intolerance with onsC\\ or first for GDM include urine testing for glucosuria, recognition during pregnancy". GDM usually fruetosamine testing, random plasma glucose occurs in the late second trimester ...

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    AJL

    2012-02-07

    Feb 7, 2012 ... logical state, under which bacteria cannot be detected by conventional culture methods due to no growing on routine media and they retain viability and capability of resuscitation under favorable conditions (Oliver, 2010). Salmonella enters into VBNC state when it is exposed to inalimental conditions or is ...

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    komla

    plot was. Savanna of Nigeria. made up of four ridges each 8 m long, with a 75-cm spacing between ridges. Materials and methods. Promiscuous soybean ..... 1987; Fujita et al., 1992), a starter dose of respond to N fertilizer (Sanginga et al.,.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    psychiatric services and reduced levels of health care service delivery, in Nigeria. The aim of this study is to examine one of the dimensions of outcome, patient- satisfaction with the quality of services at the Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital,. Maiduguri. Materials and Methods: We conducted this descriptive and prospective ...

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    Prof Kakande

    We set out to study the cases undergoing amputation surgery with special interest of determining the prevalence rate of revision ... Method: Study was cross sectional in design and retrospective in nature, conducted in a tertiary health facility selected ... training of the patient to use the prosthesis. Sometimes, revision ...

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    cadewumi

    Materials and Methods: Three fruit extracts Prunus domestica (plum), Prunus persica ... Distilled water was prepared in the Laboratory of Natural Products and ... 80% methanol and water in a ratio of 80:20 respectively; with 0.5ml HCl (5%); for ...

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    matthew

    2014-09-12

    Sep 12, 2014 ... encouraged to use process approach in teaching writing and that more emphasis should be placed ... Until the 1980s, the focus of students studying English language writing was ... In this method, learners would have to copy sentence structures provided ... researchers are still doubtful of its effectiveness.

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    ABEOLUGBENGAS

    factors and threshold for rational therapy. Methods. A cross sectional survey of ... examination, anthropometric measurements were obtained with urine and blood samples taken for ... Systemic hypertension, type2 DM, Obesity and kidney .... very common. ... sphygmomanometer. .... population of Nigerian Niger delta region.

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    measured in terms of outcomes. ... Methods: This is a descriptive cross sectional study ... blood pressure and blood glucose levels and performed ... Conclusion: Non-communicable diseases are common ... need for NCD screening as part of routine examination ... Risk factors for CKD: Report of a Preventive Screening.

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    dell

    These catalyst were phosphoric acid, 1,2,4-benzene tricarboxylic acid and succinic acid. The new compounds were ... benzene tricarboxylic acid, characterization of alkyd resin properties ... polymerization reaction between three kinds ... leads to the formation of polymer chain to ... and experimental methods, which can be.

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    Dr Olaleye

    2014-03-28

    Mar 28, 2014 ... logical method of cellular down-regulation is through apoptosis. ... healing, rapid increase in cell proliferation is allowed by an initial .... taken using a digital camera. The size of DNA ..... increase cellular respiration and thus increase the production ... reepithelisation is taking place (Desmouliere et al.,1997).

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    ebutamanya

    2016-03-28

    Mar 28, 2016 ... Our study has indicated an emerging multi-drug resistance MDR trend among s. pneumonia recovered in our study environment, this again calls for responsible antibiotic stewardship even among previously susceptible pathogens. Better s. pneumoniae detection methods particularly for. Meningitis cases.

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    Dr Olaleye

    (200ppm). After 24hr fast, gastric acid secretion was measured using the continuous perfusion method of. Ghosh and Schild (1958), modified by Amure and. Ginsburg (1964). Animals where anaesthetized with pentobarbital (35 mg/kg i.p) and a midline laparotomy was made to expose the stomach and duodenum. A semi-.

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    The method is based on the catalytic effect of Cu2+ ion on the. Oxidation of ... at a fixed temperature of 35 °C. A fixed time of 11 min was chosen for the quantitative determination of .... 0.9998; standard error of estimate = 0.011). The reaction ...

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    reconstruction is the most preferred method following distal gastrectomy for Type I pyloric stricture.1. Conventionally, the Billroth I reconstruction is done by carrying out a limited resection of pre-pyloric stricture with the pylorus followed by gastroduodenal hand-sewn anastomosis. Although staplers have widely replaced.

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    User

    ABSTRACT. The antimicrobial susceptibility profile of L. monocytogenes and other Listeria species isolated from some ready-to-eat (RTE) foods sold in Kano metropolis, north-western Nigeria was carried out using disc-diffusion method. The results obtained showed that L. monocytogenes was moderately susceptible to all ...

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    food intake (Sibbald 1976b; 1977a 1978). The method takes account of metabolic energy (FE- ) and endogenous ..... excretion of energy (whether endogenous or exogenous) during the second 24 h collection period, ... culated on the basis of a 24 h collection period vs 48 h collection, the corresponding TME values did not ...

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    body sensation, dysphagia, and/or facial pain as a result of an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. An elongated styloid process occurs only in about 4% of the general population. Methods: We reviewed the case of a 27 year old female who presented with intermittent headaches, pain at the angle of ...

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    Proff.Adewunmi

    Abstract. Objective: This study investigated the effects of Chinese herbal medicine and prednisone on CD4+FoxP3+ T cells (Tregs) and Th17 cells in the. MRL/lpr mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: MRL/lpr mice were treated with herbal medicine (yin-nourishing and heat-clearing therapy), prednisone, ...

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    home

    2014-12-23

    Dec 23, 2014 ... Simple cost accounting method was employed to examine cost benefit of the plant. Net benefit and BCR of hibiscus production was used to determine .... Cost and Yield data collected from experimental field was recorded on field book and entered to MS- excel for analysis. Generally after collected data ...

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    YDessalegn

    protect the breeding population of migrating. Labeobarbus, fishing ... protected. 2. Materials and Methods. Study Area. The Gumara River is one of the tributaries that flow into Lake Tana. A number of small streams/rivers feed the Gumara. River. The tributaries ... species, sex, gonad maturity stage, body length and weight.

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    (Me,N), Seo. was prepared according to literature method [7]. All of the title compounds were obtained as precipitates by mixing ethanolic solutions of the metal halides, namely HgCl2, ZnCI,, FeCl, and SbCI, with the ligand in appropriate stoichiometric ratios. The precipitates were filtered and washed with hot ethanol and ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    Study design/Setting/Methods: It was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 400 family planning clients who attended the State Specialist Hospital, Akure, Western Nigeria ... Results:All the 400 clients responded. Majority were in the age bracket of 30-39years (53.1%), many had post secondary education (50%).

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    Background: The pain fibers from the pelvic viscera including the prostate gland, the urinary bladder ... Method: Ten selected patients with obstructing benign prostatic enlargement on urethral ... assessment, were subjected to transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP) .... patients needed to come back before the.

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    Ezenwafor

    French language teaching class, folk tale could be used to ... UJAH: Unizik Journal of Arts and Humanities. 127. L1. L2. C2. C1 ... It is based on this method that the writer of this paper encourages the use ... have found folktales and myths convenient devices ... The New Webster's Dictionary of the English language defines.

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    Mixed-methods were used, but this article will focus on the qualitative data gathered. ... will have been trained in the PHC approach but then will be working within a ... apartheid had on health care provision in South Africa, and this could then ... are a concern, as it is these types of views that are likely to cause students to ...

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    While a respiratory cause of cardiac arrest carries with it a better prognosis, ... of treatment to a trauma population where patients often present with severe hypothermia is uncertain. Airway management and ventilation. Intubation remains the definitive method of airway ... provide additional airway protection together with ...

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    ZINOX

    fist in corporal punishment is a common practice in. Nigeria. Alternative methods of punishment such as kneeling down, “frog jump” or “picking pin” have been suggested in other studies . It is worrisome that hyphema occurred in school pupils and students. (28.4%) who are in their formative period of life, in this study.

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    ETIWISTIC

    2013-04-29

    Apr 29, 2013 ... and the effects on their health and environment respectively. Descriptive ... Furthermore, at each stage of the life cycle of charcoal there are impacts on ... balance in the needs of society, the economy and the environment through .... Part of the objectives of this work is to examine the method of production of.

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    AISA

    MATERIALS AND METHODS. NEMATODE COLLECTION AND EXTRACTION ... of the PCR-product cut out of gel were performed according to the manufacturer's instructions1. All samples ... available in database of NCBI. (Genbank). 1Wizard SV Gel and PCR Clean-Up System, Promega Corporation, Madison USA, 2009 ...

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    msi

    Materials and Methods: Twenty pregnant mice were divided into two groups. ... The second group was the infected mice, which was infected with T. ... Observed variables were apoptotic index and the percentage of skull cell expressing ... were evaluated for the presence of a vaginal plug and if it were found positive, mice ...

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    Mr Olusoji

    and fetal outcome; to identity the prevailing factors and to proffer solutions. st. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out over a 3-year period between 1 January st. 2011 and 31 December 2013. ... laboratory challenges and financial constraint (63.6% and 53.4% respectively). There was a statistically.

  1. Download this PDF file

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    ABEOLUGBENGAS

    Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted among 216 intervention and 241 control groups of PHCWs using multi ..... inventory (29). Post intervention observation revealed marginal but insignificant difference in the improvement observed in the HFs in both groups (p = 0.229 and 1.000). Analysis of baseline ...

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    Administrator

    method on 4% Salt Muellar Hinton II agar for the Methicillin and non salted Muellar Hinton II agar for the other antibiotics. (NCCLS M100S9). Results: The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus in .... for the isolate before spreading on Salted Muellar. Hinton II agar. We ensured uniform depth of the. Muellar Hinton II agar in all ...

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    Patrick

    These factors predispose to a different spectrum of abdominal hernias. The objective of this study is to find possible differences in the spectrum of abdominal hernias and document local experience in their management. Patients and Methods. This study is a descriptive study of all cases of abdominal wall hernias admitted to ...

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    Owner

    10 days coupled with 50 days of recovery period when the birds were fed low protein moult diet. ... In laying hens, the primary sources of progesterone are the granulosa cells of the five largest follicles in the hierarchy (Verheyen et al., 1987). These ovarian ..... cessation of egg laying induced by different moulting methods. J.

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    Copyright 1AARR 2012-2016: www.afrrevjo.net

    2016-02-11

    Feb 11, 2016 ... non-linear time series models, a theoretical forecast interval is not easy to construct. .... (2.11) is called the Monte-Carlo method if an assumed error distribution is used or the ..... Statistics & Probability Letters 65, 13-20.

  6. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Operation of CANDU power reactor in thorium self-sufficient fuel cycle. 143. Bharti Arun see Dua ... design and modeling of accelerator driven systems. 269 ..... On non-extensive nature of thermal con- ductivity. 61 ... catalytic vapor decomposition (CVD) method: ... Heavy density liquid metal spallation tar- get studies for ...

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    2004-08-03

    Aug 3, 2004 ... health risk, in addition to reduced economic value and possible industrial applications for quality products. ... although the overseas demand is not as high as that problem especially in the third world countries. .... and Fats (10th edition), British Standard Methods of ... Principles of Seed Science and.

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    120 Anak broilers were used to determine the effect of dietary energy on the ... Results after 5 weeks of feeding ad libitum showed only similarities between ... and Udedibie, 1998; Faniyi and Ologhobo, 1999; Chicks were used for this study. ... were analyzed for total protein and cholesterol by methods ... Calcium (%). 1.20.

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    user

    Methods: This study assessed the trends in antibiotic resistance in 235 Salmonella typhi stains isolated by standard procedures from blood and/stool samples of hospitalized patients from 1997 to. 2003. All the isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using the following antibiotics: chloramphenicol ...

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    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... Treatment of high organic load wastewater with attached growth ... simulation were then applied on the porous media model. ... Liquid-solid fluidized beds are commonly used in chemical engineering, food and wastewater ... also studied fluidized bed reactor with CFD and Discrete Element Method (DEM).

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    Mr Olusoji

    Subjects and methods: During the study period, 71 male partners of consecutive female patients who reported at the Infertility ... There were 8/70(11.42%) of the cases studied with azoospermia but only 1/8 (12.5%) of those azoospermic had retrograde ..... dysfunction, is defined as misdirected propulsion of semen from the ...

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    JONATHAN

    study of man; Psychology…! It was therefore in the modern period (the when) that the scientific community (the who) deny the possibility of the objectivity of the social sciences because they do not strictly employ the final arbiter of objectivity, the scientific method (the how) in their investigation of social phenomenon. Despite.

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    Dr. Ahmed

    significant difference was observed between the quantity of feeds given to the rabbits and the feed conversion efficiency on the rabbits. It determined that there was no significant interaction between factor A (feeds) and factor B (application method) of the analysis. Key words: Experimental Units Factors, Levels, Randomized ...

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    Context: Prolonged latent phase of labouris reportedly associated with labour dystocia and neonatal morbidity. There are few published work .... contractions by the palpation method. Analgesia in the active phase was provided with intramuscular. Pentazocine hydrochloride. Epidural anaesthesia was not used for any of the ...

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    GB

    2016-11-06

    Nov 6, 2016 ... The purpose of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of Joint line tenderness and McMurray's test, as clinical signs, to diagnose underlying medial meniscus tears. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study done in Tribhuwan University Teaching. Hospital. Patients undergoing knee ...

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    ... purports to improve, to make progress, change for the better, higher income or ... “augmentation and diminution of already formed animals.” It reminisces of .... Development, children form methods of thinking through their ... Stage five is a theoretical .... reality that Aristotle correctly remarks that human beings by nature.

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    abp

    2017-09-13

    Sep 13, 2017 ... rapid diagnosis and screening for malaria, peripheral blood smear examination remains the gold standard. Leishman stain ... from the peripheral venous blood from these subjects were stained by Leishman and Toluidine blue method. The findings of .... mixture at room temperature overnight. Thereafter the ...

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    media being their main source of information (53.3%). About 91.5% of subjects ... preferred method of financing the social insurance scheme in the community. Knowledge on CBHI ..... posters and word-of-mouth from scheme staff. In this study ...

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    derangements particularly with respect to glucose and lipid metabolism. We investigated if the lipid profile and insulin resistance in pregnant women with family history of DM is different from those without such history. Method: Glucose, insulin and lipids (total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein and low.

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    Proff.Adewunmi

    Materials and Methods: In the in vivo study, small intestinal transit rates and fecal output characters (fecal number and fecal weight) were measured on normal ..... In three EXQ groups (2.92, 4.38 and 6.75 g/kg), the propulsion rates of charcoal meal were 90.31±2.41%, 94.31±2.40% and 100.00±0.00% respectively, which ...

  1. Reflowing-driven paragraph recognition for electronic books in PDF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Jing; Tang, Zhi; Gao, Liangcai

    2011-01-01

    When reading electronic books on handheld devices, content sometimes should be reflowed and recomposed to adapt for small-screen mobile devices. According to people's reading practice, it is reasonable to reflow the text content based on paragraphs. Hence, this paper addresses the requirement and proposes a set of novel methods on paragraph recognition for electronic books in PDF. The proposed methods consist of three steps, namely, physical structure analysis, paragraph segmentation, and reading order detection. We make use of locally ordered property of PDF documents and layout style of books to improve traditional page recognition results. In addition, we employ the optimal matching of Bipartite Graph technology to detect paragraphs' reading order. Experiments show that our methods achieve high accuracy. It is noteworthy that, the research has been applied in a commercial software package for Chinese E-book production.

  2. Direct photon production and PDF fits reloaded

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Campbell, John M.; Rojo, Juan; Slade, Emma; Williams, Ciaran

    2018-01-01

    Direct photon production in hadronic collisions provides a handle on the gluon PDF by means of the QCD Compton scattering process. In this work we revisit the impact of direct photon production on a global PDF analysis, motivated by the recent availability of the next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO)

  3. A consistent transported PDF model for treating differential molecular diffusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haifeng; Zhang, Pei

    2016-11-01

    Differential molecular diffusion is a fundamentally significant phenomenon in all multi-component turbulent reacting or non-reacting flows caused by the different rates of molecular diffusion of energy and species concentrations. In the transported probability density function (PDF) method, the differential molecular diffusion can be treated by using a mean drift model developed by McDermott and Pope. This model correctly accounts for the differential molecular diffusion in the scalar mean transport and yields a correct DNS limit of the scalar variance production. The model, however, misses the molecular diffusion term in the scalar variance transport equation, which yields an inconsistent prediction of the scalar variance in the transported PDF method. In this work, a new model is introduced to remedy this problem that can yield a consistent scalar variance prediction. The model formulation along with its numerical implementation is discussed, and the model validation is conducted in a turbulent mixing layer problem.

  4. A Electronic Map Data Model Based on PDF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaodong; Yang, Chuncheng; Meng, Nina; Peng, Peng

    2018-05-01

    In this paper, we proposed the PDFEMAP (PDF electronic map) that is a kind of new electronic map products aiming at the current situation and demand of the use of electronic map products. Firstly gives the definition and characteristics of PDFEMAP, followed by a detailed description of the data model and method for generating PDFEMAP, and finally expounds application modes of the PDFEMAP which feasibility and effectiveness are verified.

  5. The pdf approach to turbulent polydispersed two-phase flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minier, Jean-Pierre; Peirano, Eric

    2001-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a probabilistic approach to turbulent polydispersed two-phase flows. The two-phase flows considered are composed of a continuous phase, which is a turbulent fluid, and a dispersed phase, which represents an ensemble of discrete particles (solid particles, droplets or bubbles). Gathering the difficulties of turbulent flows and of particle motion, the challenge is to work out a general modelling approach that meets three requirements: to treat accurately the physically relevant phenomena, to provide enough information to address issues of complex physics (combustion, polydispersed particle flows, …) and to remain tractable for general non-homogeneous flows. The present probabilistic approach models the statistical dynamics of the system and consists in simulating the joint probability density function (pdf) of a number of fluid and discrete particle properties. A new point is that both the fluid and the particles are included in the pdf description. The derivation of the joint pdf model for the fluid and for the discrete particles is worked out in several steps. The mathematical properties of stochastic processes are first recalled. The various hierarchies of pdf descriptions are detailed and the physical principles that are used in the construction of the models are explained. The Lagrangian one-particle probabilistic description is developed first for the fluid alone, then for the discrete particles and finally for the joint fluid and particle turbulent systems. In the case of the probabilistic description for the fluid alone or for the discrete particles alone, numerical computations are presented and discussed to illustrate how the method works in practice and the kind of information that can be extracted from it. Comments on the current modelling state and propositions for future investigations which try to link the present work with other ideas in physics are made at the end of the paper.

  6. A robust, efficient and accurate β- pdf integration algorithm in nonpremixed turbulent combustion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liu, H.; Lien, F.S.; Chui, E.

    2005-01-01

    Among many presumed-shape pdf approaches, the presumed β-function pdf is widely used in nonpremixed turbulent combustion models in the literature. However, singularity difficulties at Z = 0 and 1, Z being the mixture fraction, may be encountered in the numerical integration of the b-function pdf and there are few publications addressing this issue to date. The present study proposes an efficient, robust and accurate algorithm to overcome these numerical difficulties. The present treatment of the β-pdf integration is firstly used in the Burke-Schumann solution in conjunction with the k - ε turbulent model in the case of CH 4 /H 2 bluff-body jets and flames. Afterward it is extended to a more complex model, the laminar flamelet model, for the same flow. Numerical results obtained by using the proposed β-pdf integration method are compared to experimental values of the velocity field, temperature and constituent mass fraction to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the present method. (author)

  7. PDF4LHC recommendations for LHC Run II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Butterworth, Jon; Carrazza, Stefano; Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; Roeck, Albert de; Feltesse, Joel; Forte, Stefano; Gao, Jun; Glazov, Sasha; Huston, Joey; Kassabov, Zahari; McNulty, Ronan; Morsch, Andreas; Nadolsky, Pavel; Radescu, Voica; Rojo, Juan; Thorne, Robert S.

    2015-01-01

    We provide an updated recommendation for the usage of sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs) and the assessment of PDF and PDF+$\\alpha_s$ uncertainties suitable for applications at the LHC Run II. We review developments since the previous PDF4LHC recommendation, and discuss and compare the new

  8. PDF modeling of turbulent flows on unstructured grids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakosi, Jozsef

    In probability density function (PDF) methods of turbulent flows, the joint PDF of several flow variables is computed by numerically integrating a system of stochastic differential equations for Lagrangian particles. Because the technique solves a transport equation for the PDF of the velocity and scalars, a mathematically exact treatment of advection, viscous effects and arbitrarily complex chemical reactions is possible; these processes are treated without closure assumptions. A set of algorithms is proposed to provide an efficient solution of the PDF transport equation modeling the joint PDF of turbulent velocity, frequency and concentration of a passive scalar in geometrically complex configurations. An unstructured Eulerian grid is employed to extract Eulerian statistics, to solve for quantities represented at fixed locations of the domain and to track particles. All three aspects regarding the grid make use of the finite element method. Compared to hybrid methods, the current methodology is stand-alone, therefore it is consistent both numerically and at the level of turbulence closure without the use of consistency conditions. Since both the turbulent velocity and scalar concentration fields are represented in a stochastic way, the method allows for a direct and close interaction between these fields, which is beneficial in computing accurate scalar statistics. Boundary conditions implemented along solid bodies are of the free-slip and no-slip type without the need for ghost elements. Boundary layers at no-slip boundaries are either fully resolved down to the viscous sublayer, explicitly modeling the high anisotropy and inhomogeneity of the low-Reynolds-number wall region without damping or wall-functions or specified via logarithmic wall-functions. As in moment closures and large eddy simulation, these wall-treatments provide the usual trade-off between resolution and computational cost as required by the given application. Particular attention is focused on

  9. IT Department User Survey PDF Usage Report

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Pete

    2017-01-01

    During 2016 the IT-CDA group carried out a study of IT users and their working environments and habits with the aim of understanding the user community better. This project involved interviews with users from different working backgrounds and an online survey containing questions of user devices and software preferences. A section of the questions was aimed at understanding how people handle PDF documents and this note analyses the responses to these. This analysis will help IT-CDA to better understand the PDF requirements and so help us to improve the services that rely on these documents.

  10. New Tools to Convert PDF Math Contents into Accessible e-Books Efficiently.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Masakazu; Terada, Yugo; Kanahori, Toshihiro; Yamaguchi, Katsuhito

    2015-01-01

    New features in our math-OCR software to convert PDF math contents into accessible e-books are shown. A method for recognizing PDF is thoroughly improved. In addition, contents in any selected area including math formulas in a PDF file can be cut and pasted into a document in various accessible formats, which is automatically recognized and converted into texts and accessible math formulas through this process. Combining it with our authoring tool for a technical document, one can easily produce accessible e-books in various formats such as DAISY, accessible EPUB3, DAISY-like HTML5, Microsoft Word with math objects and so on. Those contents are useful for various print-disabled students ranging from the blind to the dyslexic.

  11. 621.pdf | Pdf2006Oct | sadha-na | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; sadha-na; Pdf2006Oct; 621.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be ...

  12. e73.pdf.pdf | 92 | OnlineResources | jgenet | www.ias.ac.in | http ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jgen; 092; online; http; www.ias.ac.in; jgenet; OnlineResources; 92; e73.pdf.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 ...

  13. Scalar and joint velocity-scalar PDF modelling of near-wall turbulent heat transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pozorski, Jacek; Waclawczyk, Marta; Minier, Jean-Pierre

    2004-01-01

    The temperature field in a heated turbulent flow is considered as a dynamically passive scalar. The probability density function (PDF) method with down to the wall integration is explored and new modelling proposals are put forward, including the explicit account for the molecular transport terms. Two variants of the approach are considered: first, the scalar PDF method with the use of externally-provided turbulence statistics; and second, the joint (stand-alone) velocity-scalar PDF method where a near-wall model for dynamical variables is coupled with a model for temperature. The closure proposals are formulated in the Lagrangian setting and resulting stochastic evolution equations are solved with a Monte Carlo method. The near-wall region of a heated channel flow is taken as a validation case; the second-order thermal statistics are of a particular interest. The PDF computation results agree reasonably with available DNS data. The sensitivity of results to the molecular Prandtl number and to the thermal wall boundary condition is accounted for

  14. Extra Dimensions: 3D in PDF Documentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, Norman A

    2012-01-01

    Experimental science is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) and the ISO PRC file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. Until recently, Adobe's Acrobat software was also capable of incorporating 3D content into PDF files from a variety of 3D file formats, including proprietary CAD formats. However, this functionality is no longer available in Acrobat X, having been spun off to a separate company. Incorporating 3D content now requires the additional purchase of a separate plug-in. In this talk we present alternatives based on open source libraries which allow the programmatic creation of 3D content in PDF format. While not providing the same level of access to CAD files as the commercial software, it does provide physicists with an alternative path to incorporate 3D content into PDF files from such disparate applications as detector geometries from Geant4, 3D data sets, mathematical surfaces or tesselated volumes.

  15. Direct photon production and PDF fits reloaded

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, John M.; Rojo, Juan; Slade, Emma; Williams, Ciaran

    2018-02-08

    Direct photon production in hadronic collisions provides a handle on the gluon PDF by means of the QCD Compton scattering process. In this work we revisit the impact of direct photon production on a global PDF analysis, motivated by the recent availability of the next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO) calculation for this process. We demonstrate that the inclusion of NNLO QCD and leading-logarithmic electroweak corrections leads to a good quantitative agreement with the ATLAS measurements at 8 TeV and 13 TeV, except for the most forward rapidity region in the former case. By including the ATLAS 8 TeV direct photon production data in the NNPDF3.1 NNLO global analysis, we assess its impact on the medium-x gluon. We also study the constraining power of the direct photon production measurements on PDF fits based on different datasets, in particular on the NNPDF3.1 no-LHC and collider-only fits. We also present updated NNLO theoretical predictions for direct photon production at 13 TeV that include the constraints from the 8 TeV measurements.

  16. Modeling of the Maximum Entropy Problem as an Optimal Control Problem and its Application to Pdf Estimation of Electricity Price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. Haji Abadi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the continuous optimal control theory is used to model and solve the maximum entropy problem for a continuous random variable. The maximum entropy principle provides a method to obtain least-biased probability density function (Pdf estimation. In this paper, to find a closed form solution for the maximum entropy problem with any number of moment constraints, the entropy is considered as a functional measure and the moment constraints are considered as the state equations. Therefore, the Pdf estimation problem can be reformulated as the optimal control problem. Finally, the proposed method is applied to estimate the Pdf of the hourly electricity prices of New England and Ontario electricity markets. Obtained results show the efficiency of the proposed method.

  17. Deep PDF parsing to extract features for detecting embedded malware.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munson, Miles Arthur; Cross, Jesse S. (Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO)

    2011-09-01

    The number of PDF files with embedded malicious code has risen significantly in the past few years. This is due to the portability of the file format, the ways Adobe Reader recovers from corrupt PDF files, the addition of many multimedia and scripting extensions to the file format, and many format properties the malware author may use to disguise the presence of malware. Current research focuses on executable, MS Office, and HTML formats. In this paper, several features and properties of PDF Files are identified. Features are extracted using an instrumented open source PDF viewer. The feature descriptions of benign and malicious PDFs can be used to construct a machine learning model for detecting possible malware in future PDF files. The detection rate of PDF malware by current antivirus software is very low. A PDF file is easy to edit and manipulate because it is a text format, providing a low barrier to malware authors. Analyzing PDF files for malware is nonetheless difficult because of (a) the complexity of the formatting language, (b) the parsing idiosyncrasies in Adobe Reader, and (c) undocumented correction techniques employed in Adobe Reader. In May 2011, Esparza demonstrated that PDF malware could be hidden from 42 of 43 antivirus packages by combining multiple obfuscation techniques [4]. One reason current antivirus software fails is the ease of varying byte sequences in PDF malware, thereby rendering conventional signature-based virus detection useless. The compression and encryption functions produce sequences of bytes that are each functions of multiple input bytes. As a result, padding the malware payload with some whitespace before compression/encryption can change many of the bytes in the final payload. In this study we analyzed a corpus of 2591 benign and 87 malicious PDF files. While this corpus is admittedly small, it allowed us to test a system for collecting indicators of embedded PDF malware. We will call these indicators features throughout

  18. The PDF4LHC Working Group Interim Report

    CERN Document Server

    Alekhin, Sergey; Ball, Richard D.; Bertone, Valerio; Blumlein, Johannes; Botje, Michiel; Butterworth, Jon; Cerutti, Francesco; Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; de Roeck, Albert; Del Debbio, Luigi; Feltesse, Joel; Forte, Stefano; Glazov, Alexander; Guffanti, Alberto; Gwenlan, Claire; Huston, Joey; Jimenez-Delgado, Pedro; Lai, Hung-Liang; Latorre, Jose I.; McNulty, Ronan; Nadolsky, Pavel; Olaf Moch, Sven; Pumplin, Jon; Radescu, Voica; Rojo, Juan; Sjostrand, Torbjorn; Stirling, W.J.; Stump, Daniel; Thorne, Robert S.; Ubiali, Maria; Vicini, Alessandro; Watt, Graeme; Yuan, C.-P.

    2011-01-01

    This document is intended as a study of benchmark cross sections at the LHC (at 7 TeV) at NLO using modern parton distribution functions currently available from the 6 PDF fitting groups that have participated in this exercise. It also contains a succinct user guide to the computation of PDFs, uncertainties and correlations using available PDF sets. A companion note, also submitted to the archive, provides an interim summary of the current recommendations of the PDF4LHC working group for the use of parton distribution functions and of PDF uncertainties at the LHC, for cross section and cross section uncertainty calculations.

  19. Assessment of PDF Micromixing Models Using DNS Data for a Two-Step Reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Kuochen; Chakrabarti, Mitali; Fox, Rodney O.; Hill, James C.

    1996-11-01

    Although the probability density function (PDF) method is known to treat the chemical reaction terms exactly, its application to turbulent reacting flows have been overshadowed by the ability to model the molecular mixing terms satisfactorily. In this study, two PDF molecular mixing models, the linear-mean-square-estimation (LMSE or IEM) model and the generalized interaction-by-exchange-with-the-mean (GIEM) model, are compared with the DNS data in decaying turbulence with a two-step parallel-consecutive reaction and two segregated initial conditions: ``slabs" and ``blobs". Since the molecular mixing model is expected to have a strong effect on the mean values of chemical species under such initial conditions, the model evaluation is intended to answer the following questions: Can the PDF models predict the mean values of chemical species correctly with completely segregated initial conditions? (2) Is a single molecular mixing timescale sufficient for the PDF models to predict the mean values with different initial conditions? (3) Will the chemical reactions change the molecular mixing timescales of the reacting species enough to affect the accuracy of the model's prediction for the mean values of chemical species?

  20. Layout-aware text extraction from full-text PDF of scientific articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramakrishnan, Cartic; Patnia, Abhishek; Hovy, Eduard; Burns, Gully Apc

    2012-05-28

    The Portable Document Format (PDF) is the most commonly used file format for online scientific publications. The absence of effective means to extract text from these PDF files in a layout-aware manner presents a significant challenge for developers of biomedical text mining or biocuration informatics systems that use published literature as an information source. In this paper we introduce the 'Layout-Aware PDF Text Extraction' (LA-PDFText) system to facilitate accurate extraction of text from PDF files of research articles for use in text mining applications. Our paper describes the construction and performance of an open source system that extracts text blocks from PDF-formatted full-text research articles and classifies them into logical units based on rules that characterize specific sections. The LA-PDFText system focuses only on the textual content of the research articles and is meant as a baseline for further experiments into more advanced extraction methods that handle multi-modal content, such as images and graphs. The system works in a three-stage process: (1) Detecting contiguous text blocks using spatial layout processing to locate and identify blocks of contiguous text, (2) Classifying text blocks into rhetorical categories using a rule-based method and (3) Stitching classified text blocks together in the correct order resulting in the extraction of text from section-wise grouped blocks. We show that our system can identify text blocks and classify them into rhetorical categories with Precision1 = 0.96% Recall = 0.89% and F1 = 0.91%. We also present an evaluation of the accuracy of the block detection algorithm used in step 2. Additionally, we have compared the accuracy of the text extracted by LA-PDFText to the text from the Open Access subset of PubMed Central. We then compared this accuracy with that of the text extracted by the PDF2Text system, 2commonly used to extract text from PDF. Finally, we discuss preliminary error analysis for

  1. Layout-aware text extraction from full-text PDF of scientific articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramakrishnan Cartic

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Portable Document Format (PDF is the most commonly used file format for online scientific publications. The absence of effective means to extract text from these PDF files in a layout-aware manner presents a significant challenge for developers of biomedical text mining or biocuration informatics systems that use published literature as an information source. In this paper we introduce the ‘Layout-Aware PDF Text Extraction’ (LA-PDFText system to facilitate accurate extraction of text from PDF files of research articles for use in text mining applications. Results Our paper describes the construction and performance of an open source system that extracts text blocks from PDF-formatted full-text research articles and classifies them into logical units based on rules that characterize specific sections. The LA-PDFText system focuses only on the textual content of the research articles and is meant as a baseline for further experiments into more advanced extraction methods that handle multi-modal content, such as images and graphs. The system works in a three-stage process: (1 Detecting contiguous text blocks using spatial layout processing to locate and identify blocks of contiguous text, (2 Classifying text blocks into rhetorical categories using a rule-based method and (3 Stitching classified text blocks together in the correct order resulting in the extraction of text from section-wise grouped blocks. We show that our system can identify text blocks and classify them into rhetorical categories with Precision1 = 0.96% Recall = 0.89% and F1 = 0.91%. We also present an evaluation of the accuracy of the block detection algorithm used in step 2. Additionally, we have compared the accuracy of the text extracted by LA-PDFText to the text from the Open Access subset of PubMed Central. We then compared this accuracy with that of the text extracted by the PDF2Text system, 2commonly used to extract text from PDF

  2. http://www.aulamedica.es/fh/pdf/8547.pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Damas Fuentes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetive: To analyze the latex content of drugs in hospital formulary and establish possible therapeutic alternatives. Methods: All drugs susceptible of having latex were selected and written information was obtained from manufacturers. A therapeutic alternative was found for each of them, if possible. Results: Written information from manufacturer was obtained for 605 (97.9% and from label information for 8 of 632 selected drugs. For 43.9% of not safe drugs (total 57 on patients with latex allergy, a therapeutic alternative was found in hospital formulary. Conclusions: Knowing drugs having latex improve the prescription security, while the therapeutic alternatives chart eases the validation. The published data updates the scarce and variable information for patients and healthcare professionals.

  3. http://www.aulamedica.es/fh/pdf/10689.pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta García-Queiruga

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available p>Purpose: To present the requirements, development, structure and results of an electronic interconsultation platform (e-Interconsultation for communication between primary and hospital care. Method: A working group was created and set out its purposes, working schedule, software requirements, the structure of the electronic platform, validation procedure, and its implementation. Once the software had been developed and validated and training sessions were conducted, the electronicplatform was launched in June 2015. Results: After 1 year of operation, a total of 321 electronic interconsultations had been made, 110 of which were referrals from hospital care to primary care in addition to 211 from primary to hospital care. The validation of prescriptions and the need for drug monitoring in primary care are among main reasons for consultation. Conclusions: The e-Interconsultation platform is a valid, efficient and user-friendly mean of consultation or patient referrals between both healthcare levels.

  4. http://www.jonnpr.com/pdf/1076.pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Manuel Martínez Sesmero

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. An increase of cardiovascular disease (CVD risk in the younger population has been reported in Spain. Adolescents have changed their dietary habits and increased the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS. The Longitudinal study in the area of Toledo aims to evaluate food intake and nutritional habits and their relationship with early development of CVD and insulin resistance/sensitivity biomarkers. Methods. A cross-sectional study was performed on 53 adolescents aged 16-17 years belonging to the Area of Toledo. Energy, macronutrient and micronutrient intakes and diet quality were assessed, as well as the prevalence to being overweight, the presence of CVD risk factors and parameters related to glucose homeostasis to identify candidates for MS. Results. Adolescents consumed monotonous diets, with low Mediterranean diet Adherence (MDA and Health Eating Index (HEI scores and with elevated energy contribution of saturated fatty acids and low carbohydrates. Being overweight but not obese was moderately prevalent in volunteers. However, a low percentage of them showed dyslipemia or insulin resistance. No significant differences between male and female adolescents were found for any dietary parameter tested. HEI and MDA scores appear inversely related to insulin resistance markers in boys and to fat mass in girls, respectively. Conclusions. The high similitude of diet in both male and female subjects suggests a general adherence to potentially negative dietary habits in this population. Paradoxically, dietary components and altered lipoprotein factors were not related. The overweight prevalence and, the association between diet quality and MS-markers found demands a follow-up study to ascertain the importance of present results later in life.

  5. Lagrangian Investigation of Auto-ignition in a Hydrogen Jet Flame in a Vitiated Co-flow: Animations of Particle Trajectories in Composition Space from PDF Model Calculations

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Haifeng; Pope, Stephen B.

    2007-01-01

    PDF model calculations have been performed of the Cabra lifted hydrogen flame in a vitiated co-flow. Particle trajectories are extracted from the Lagrangian particle method used to solve the modeled PDF equation. The particle trajectories in the mixture fraction-temperature plane reveal (at successive downstream locations): essentially inert mixing between the cold fuel jet and the hot co-flow; the auto-ignition of very lean particles; and, subsequent mixing and reaction, leading to near-equi...

  6. A compression algorithm for the combination of PDF sets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carrazza, Stefano; Latorre, Jose I.; Rojo, Juan; Watt, Graeme

    2015-01-01

    The current PDF4LHC recommendation to estimate uncertainties due to parton distribution functions (PDFs) in theoretical predictions for LHC processes involves the combination of separate predictions computed using PDF sets from different groups, each of which comprises a relatively large number of

  7. PDF4LHC recommendations for LHC Run II

    CERN Document Server

    Butterworth, Jon; Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; De Roeck, Albert; Feltesse, Joel; Forte, Stefano; Gao, Jun; Glazov, Sasha; Huston, Joey; Kassabov, Zahari; McNulty, Ronan; Morsch, Andreas; Nadolsky, Pavel; Radescu, Voica; Rojo, Juan; Thorne, Robert

    2016-01-01

    We provide an updated recommendation for the usage of sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs) and the assessment of PDF and PDF+$\\alpha_s$ uncertainties suitable for applications at the LHC Run II. We review developments since the previous PDF4LHC recommendation, and discuss and compare the new generation of PDFs, which include substantial information from experimental data from the Run I of the LHC. We then propose a new prescription for the combination of a suitable subset of the available PDF sets, which is presented in terms of a single combined PDF set. We finally discuss tools which allow for the delivery of this combined set in terms of optimized sets of Hessian eigenvectors or Monte Carlo replicas, and their usage, and provide some examples of their application to LHC phenomenology.

  8. Evolution of the concentration PDF in random environments modeled by global random walk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suciu, Nicolae; Vamos, Calin; Attinger, Sabine; Knabner, Peter

    2013-04-01

    The evolution of the probability density function (PDF) of concentrations of chemical species transported in random environments is often modeled by ensembles of notional particles. The particles move in physical space along stochastic-Lagrangian trajectories governed by Ito equations, with drift coefficients given by the local values of the resolved velocity field and diffusion coefficients obtained by stochastic or space-filtering upscaling procedures. A general model for the sub-grid mixing also can be formulated as a system of Ito equations solving for trajectories in the composition space. The PDF is finally estimated by the number of particles in space-concentration control volumes. In spite of their efficiency, Lagrangian approaches suffer from two severe limitations. Since the particle trajectories are constructed sequentially, the demanded computing resources increase linearly with the number of particles. Moreover, the need to gather particles at the center of computational cells to perform the mixing step and to estimate statistical parameters, as well as the interpolation of various terms to particle positions, inevitably produce numerical diffusion in either particle-mesh or grid-free particle methods. To overcome these limitations, we introduce a global random walk method to solve the system of Ito equations in physical and composition spaces, which models the evolution of the random concentration's PDF. The algorithm consists of a superposition on a regular lattice of many weak Euler schemes for the set of Ito equations. Since all particles starting from a site of the space-concentration lattice are spread in a single numerical procedure, one obtains PDF estimates at the lattice sites at computational costs comparable with those for solving the system of Ito equations associated to a single particle. The new method avoids the limitations concerning the number of particles in Lagrangian approaches, completely removes the numerical diffusion, and

  9. An Investigation of a Hybrid Mixing Model for PDF Simulations of Turbulent Premixed Flames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hua; Li, Shan; Wang, Hu; Ren, Zhuyin

    2015-11-01

    Predictive simulations of turbulent premixed flames over a wide range of Damköhler numbers in the framework of Probability Density Function (PDF) method still remain challenging due to the deficiency in current micro-mixing models. In this work, a hybrid micro-mixing model, valid in both the flamelet regime and broken reaction zone regime, is proposed. A priori testing of this model is first performed by examining the conditional scalar dissipation rate and conditional scalar diffusion in a 3-D direct numerical simulation dataset of a temporally evolving turbulent slot jet flame of lean premixed H2-air in the thin reaction zone regime. Then, this new model is applied to PDF simulations of the Piloted Premixed Jet Burner (PPJB) flames, which are a set of highly shear turbulent premixed flames and feature strong turbulence-chemistry interaction at high Reynolds and Karlovitz numbers. Supported by NSFC 51476087 and NSFC 91441202.

  10. Design and application of PDF model for extracting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Lei

    2013-07-01

    In order to change the steps of contributions in editorial department system from two steps to one, this paper advocates that the technology of extracting the information of PDF files should be transplanted from PDF reader into IEEE Xplore contribution system and that it should be combined with uploading in batch skillfully to enable editors to upload PDF files about 1GB in batch for once. Computers will extract the information of the title, author, address, mailbox, abstract and key words of thesis voluntarily for later retrieval so as to save plenty of labor, material and finance for editorial department.

  11. External intermittency prediction using AMR solutions of RANS turbulence and transported PDF models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivieri, D. A.; Fairweather, M.; Falle, S. A. E. G.

    2011-12-01

    External intermittency in turbulent round jets is predicted using a Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes modelling approach coupled to solutions of the transported probability density function (pdf) equation for scalar variables. Solutions to the descriptive equations are obtained using a finite-volume method, combined with an adaptive mesh refinement algorithm, applied in both physical and compositional space. This method contrasts with conventional approaches to solving the transported pdf equation which generally employ Monte Carlo techniques. Intermittency-modified eddy viscosity and second-moment turbulence closures are used to accommodate the effects of intermittency on the flow field, with the influence of intermittency also included, through modifications to the mixing model, in the transported pdf equation. Predictions of the overall model are compared with experimental data on the velocity and scalar fields in a round jet, as well as against measurements of intermittency profiles and scalar pdfs in a number of flows, with good agreement obtained. For the cases considered, predictions based on the second-moment turbulence closure are clearly superior, although both turbulence models give realistic predictions of the bimodal scalar pdfs observed experimentally.

  12. Metadata extraction from scientific documents in PDF

    OpenAIRE

    Alan Pinto Souza

    2014-01-01

    A maioria dos artigos científicos estão disponíveis no formato PDF. Este padrão permite a geracão de metadados que são inclusos dentro do documento. Porém, muitos autores não definem esta informação, fazendo esse recurso inseguro ou incompleto. Este fato tem motivado pesquisa que busca extrair metadados automaticamente. A extração automática de metadados foi classificada como uma das tarefas mais desafiadoras na área de engenharia de documentos. Este trabalho propõe Artic, um método para extr...

  13. Evaluation of scalar mixing and time scale models in PDF simulations of a turbulent premixed flame

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoellinger, Michael; Heinz, Stefan [Department of Mathematics, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)

    2010-09-15

    Numerical simulation results obtained with a transported scalar probability density function (PDF) method are presented for a piloted turbulent premixed flame. The accuracy of the PDF method depends on the scalar mixing model and the scalar time scale model. Three widely used scalar mixing models are evaluated: the interaction by exchange with the mean (IEM) model, the modified Curl's coalescence/dispersion (CD) model and the Euclidean minimum spanning tree (EMST) model. The three scalar mixing models are combined with a simple model for the scalar time scale which assumes a constant C{sub {phi}}=12 value. A comparison of the simulation results with available measurements shows that only the EMST model calculates accurately the mean and variance of the reaction progress variable. An evaluation of the structure of the PDF's of the reaction progress variable predicted by the three scalar mixing models confirms this conclusion: the IEM and CD models predict an unrealistic shape of the PDF. Simulations using various C{sub {phi}} values ranging from 2 to 50 combined with the three scalar mixing models have been performed. The observed deficiencies of the IEM and CD models persisted for all C{sub {phi}} values considered. The value C{sub {phi}}=12 combined with the EMST model was found to be an optimal choice. To avoid the ad hoc choice for C{sub {phi}}, more sophisticated models for the scalar time scale have been used in simulations using the EMST model. A new model for the scalar time scale which is based on a linear blending between a model for flamelet combustion and a model for distributed combustion is developed. The new model has proven to be very promising as a scalar time scale model which can be applied from flamelet to distributed combustion. (author)

  14. Compressible cavitation with stochastic field method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Class, Andreas; Dumond, Julien

    2012-11-01

    Non-linear phenomena can often be well described using probability density functions (pdf) and pdf transport models. Traditionally the simulation of pdf transport requires Monte-Carlo codes based on Lagrange particles or prescribed pdf assumptions including binning techniques. Recently, in the field of combustion, a novel formulation called the stochastic field method solving pdf transport based on Euler fields has been proposed which eliminates the necessity to mix Euler and Lagrange techniques or prescribed pdf assumptions. In the present work, part of the PhD Design and analysis of a Passive Outflow Reducer relying on cavitation, a first application of the stochastic field method to multi-phase flow and in particular to cavitating flow is presented. The application considered is a nozzle subjected to high velocity flow so that sheet cavitation is observed near the nozzle surface in the divergent section. It is demonstrated that the stochastic field formulation captures the wide range of pdf shapes present at different locations. The method is compatible with finite-volume codes where all existing physical models available for Lagrange techniques, presumed pdf or binning methods can be easily extended to the stochastic field formulation.

  15. Sparse PDF Volumes for Consistent Multi-Resolution Volume Rendering

    KAUST Repository

    Sicat, Ronell Barrera; Kruger, Jens; Moller, Torsten; Hadwiger, Markus

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a new multi-resolution volume representation called sparse pdf volumes, which enables consistent multi-resolution volume rendering based on probability density functions (pdfs) of voxel neighborhoods. These pdfs are defined

  16. Transported PDF Modeling of Nonpremixed Turbulent CO/H-2/N-2 Jet Flames

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, xinyu; Haworth, D. C.; Huckaby, E. David

    2012-01-01

    Turbulent CO/H{sub 2}/N{sub 2} (“syngas”) flames are simulated using a transported composition probability density function (PDF) method. A consistent hybrid Lagrangian particle/Eulerian mesh algorithm is used to solve the modeled PDF transport equation. The model includes standard k–ϵ turbulence, gradient transport for scalars, and Euclidean minimum spanning tree (EMST) mixing. Sensitivities of model results to variations in the turbulence model, the treatment of radiation heat transfer, the choice of chemical mechanism, and the PDF mixing model are explored. A baseline model reproduces the measured mean and rms temperature, major species, and minor species profiles reasonably well, and captures the scaling that is observed in the experiments. Both our results and the literature suggest that further improvements can be realized with adjustments in the turbulence model, the radiation heat transfer model, and the chemical mechanism. Although radiation effects are relatively small in these flames, consideration of radiation is important for accurate NO prediction. Chemical mechanisms that have been developed specifically for fuels with high concentrations of CO and H{sub 2} perform better than a methane mechanism that was not designed for this purpose. It is important to account explicitly for turbulence–chemistry interactions, although the details of the mixing model do not make a large difference in the results, within reasonable limits.

  17. An LES-PBE-PDF approach for modeling particle formation in turbulent reacting flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sewerin, Fabian; Rigopoulos, Stelios

    2017-10-01

    Many chemical and environmental processes involve the formation of a polydispersed particulate phase in a turbulent carrier flow. Frequently, the immersed particles are characterized by an intrinsic property such as the particle size, and the distribution of this property across a sample population is taken as an indicator for the quality of the particulate product or its environmental impact. In the present article, we propose a comprehensive model and an efficient numerical solution scheme for predicting the evolution of the property distribution associated with a polydispersed particulate phase forming in a turbulent reacting flow. Here, the particulate phase is described in terms of the particle number density whose evolution in both physical and particle property space is governed by the population balance equation (PBE). Based on the concept of large eddy simulation (LES), we augment the existing LES-transported probability density function (PDF) approach for fluid phase scalars by the particle number density and obtain a modeled evolution equation for the filtered PDF associated with the instantaneous fluid composition and particle property distribution. This LES-PBE-PDF approach allows us to predict the LES-filtered fluid composition and particle property distribution at each spatial location and point in time without any restriction on the chemical or particle formation kinetics. In view of a numerical solution, we apply the method of Eulerian stochastic fields, invoking an explicit adaptive grid technique in order to discretize the stochastic field equation for the number density in particle property space. In this way, sharp moving features of the particle property distribution can be accurately resolved at a significantly reduced computational cost. As a test case, we consider the condensation of an aerosol in a developed turbulent mixing layer. Our investigation not only demonstrates the predictive capabilities of the LES-PBE-PDF model but also

  18. Manifold methods for methane combustion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, B.; Pope, S.B. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

    1995-10-01

    Great progresses have been made in combustion research, especially, the computation of laminar flames and the probability density function (PDF) method in turbulent combustion. For one-dimensional laminar flames, by considering the transport mechanism, the detailed chemical kinetic mechanism and the interactions between these two basic processes, today it is a routine matter to calculate flame velocities, extinction, ignition, temperature, and species distributions from the governing equations. Results are in good agreement with those obtained for experiments. However, for turbulent combustion, because of the complexities of turbulent flow, chemical reactions, and the interaction between them, in the foreseeable future, it is impossible to calculate the combustion flow field by directly integrating the basic governing equations. So averaging and modeling are necessary in turbulent combustion studies. Averaging, on one hand, simplifies turbulent combustion calculations, on the other hand, it introduces the infamous closure problems, especially the closure problem with chemical reaction terms. Since in PDF calculations of turbulent combustion, the averages of the chemical reaction terms can be calculated, PDF methods overcome the closure problem with the reaction terms. It has been shown that the PDF method is a most promising method to calculate turbulent combustion. PDF methods have been successfully employed to calculate laboratory turbulent flames: they can predict phenomena such as super equilibrium radical levels, and local extinction. Because of these advantages, PDF methods are becoming used increasingly in industry combustor codes.

  19. Modeling turbulent/chemistry interactions using assumed pdf methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaffney, R. L, Jr.; White, J. A.; Girimaji, S. S.; Drummond, J. P.

    1992-01-01

    Two assumed probability density functions (pdfs) are employed for computing the effect of temperature fluctuations on chemical reaction. The pdfs assumed for this purpose are the Gaussian and the beta densities of the first kind. The pdfs are first used in a parametric study to determine the influence of temperature fluctuations on the mean reaction-rate coefficients. Results indicate that temperature fluctuations significantly affect the magnitude of the mean reaction-rate coefficients of some reactions depending on the mean temperature and the intensity of the fluctuations. The pdfs are then tested on a high-speed turbulent reacting mixing layer. Results clearly show a decrease in the ignition delay time due to increases in the magnitude of most of the mean reaction rate coefficients.

  20. Modelling of diesel spray flame under engine-like conditions using an accelerated eulerian stochastic fields method: A convergence study of the number of stochastic fields

    OpenAIRE

    Pang, Kar Mun; Jangi, Mehdi; Bai, X.-S.; Schramm, Jesper; Walther, Jens Honore

    2016-01-01

    The use of transported Probability Density Function(PDF) methods allows a single model to compute the autoignition, premixed mode and diffusion flame of diesel combustion under engine-like conditions [1,2]. The Lagrangian particle based transported PDF models have been validated across a wide range of conditions [2,3]. Alternatively, the transported PDF model can also be formulated in the Eulerian framework[4]. The Eulerian PDF is commonly known as the Eulerian Stochastic Fields (ESF) model. ...

  1. PDF sensitivity studies from ATLAS measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Hanna, Remie; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01

    Several measurements performed by the ATLAS collaboration are either useful to constrain the proton structure or are affected by its associated uncertainties. The strange-quark density is rather poorly known at low x. Measurements of the W+c production and the inclusive W and Z differential cross sections are found to constrain the strange-quark density. Drell-Yan cross section measurements performed above and below the Z peak region have a different sensitivity to parton flavour, parton momentum fraction x and scale Q compared to measurements on the Z peak and can also be used to constrain the photon content of the proton. Measurements of the inclusive jet and photon cross sections are standard candles and can be useful to constrain the medium and high x gluon densities. Precision electroweak studies performed by ATLAS can be limited by the current knowledge on the proton structure. Among those are the measurement of the effective weak mixing angle and the mass of the W boson. Dedicated PDF studies were perf...

  2. PDF fit in the fixed-flavour-number scheme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alekhin, S.; Bluemlein, J.; Moch, S.

    2012-02-01

    We discuss the heavy-quark contribution to deep inelastic scattering in the scheme with n f =3;4;5 fixed flavors. Based on the recent ABM11 PDF analysis of world data for deep-inelastic scattering and fixed-target data for the Drell-Yan process with the running-mass definition for heavy quarks we show that fixed flavor number scheme is sufficient for describing the deep-inelastic-scattering data in the entire kinematic range. We compare with other PDF sets and comment on the implications for measuring the strong coupling constant α s (M Z ).

  3. PDF fit in the fixed-flavour-number scheme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alekhin, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Institute for High Energy Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bluemlein, J.; Moch, S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)

    2012-02-15

    We discuss the heavy-quark contribution to deep inelastic scattering in the scheme with n{sub f}=3;4;5 fixed flavors. Based on the recent ABM11 PDF analysis of world data for deep-inelastic scattering and fixed-target data for the Drell-Yan process with the running-mass definition for heavy quarks we show that fixed flavor number scheme is sufficient for describing the deep-inelastic-scattering data in the entire kinematic range. We compare with other PDF sets and comment on the implications for measuring the strong coupling constant {alpha}{sub s}(M{sub Z}).

  4. Reference and PDF-manager software: complexities, support and workflow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mead, Thomas L; Berryman, Donna R

    2010-10-01

    In the past, librarians taught reference management by training library users to use established software programs such as RefWorks or EndNote. In today's environment, there is a proliferation of Web-based programs that are being used by library clientele that offer a new twist on the well-known reference management programs. Basically, these new programs are PDF-manager software (e.g., Mendeley or Papers). Librarians are faced with new questions, issues, and concerns, given the new workflows and pathways that these PDF-manager programs present. This article takes a look at some of those.

  5. Analysis of a PDF model in a mixing layer case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minier, J.P.; Pozorski, J.

    1996-04-01

    A recent turbulence model put forward by Pope (1991) in the context of PDF modeling has been applied to a mixing layer case. This model solves the one-point joint velocity-dissipation pdf equation by simulating the instantaneous behaviour of a large number of Lagrangian fluid particles. Closure of the evolution equations of these Lagrangian particles is based on diffusion stochastic processes. The paper reports numerical results and tries to analyse the physical meaning of some variables, in particular the dissipation-weighted kinetic energy and its relation with external intermittency. (authors). 14 refs., 7 figs

  6. PDF uncertainties in the determination of the W boson mass and of the effective lepton mixing angle at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Rojo, Juan

    2013-01-01

    The precision measurement of the W boson mass allows to perform stringent consistency tests of the Standard Model by means of global electroweak fits. The accurate determination of the W boson mass is one of the legacy results of the Tevatron, where the experimental accuracy is such that $M_W$ is now limited by theoretical uncertainties related to the parton distributions of the proton. In this contribution, we show how to quantify the impact of PDF uncertainties in the measurement of $M_W$ at the Tevatron and the LHC by means of a template method, and study both the use of the W transverse mass and the lepton pT kinematical distributions to generate these templates. We also present preliminary results on the quantification of the PDF uncertainties in the determination of the effective lepton mixing angle at the LHC, based on the same template method as for the W mass determination

  7. PDF added value of a high resolution climate simulation for precipitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Pedro M. M.; Cardoso, Rita M.

    2015-04-01

    General Circulation Models (GCMs) are models suitable to study the global atmospheric system, its evolution and response to changes in external forcing, namely to increasing emissions of CO2. However, the resolution of GCMs, of the order of 1o, is not sufficient to reproduce finer scale features of the atmospheric flow related to complex topography, coastal processes and boundary layer processes, and higher resolution models are needed to describe observed weather and climate. The latter are known as Regional Climate Models (RCMs) and are widely used to downscale GCMs results for many regions of the globe and are able to capture physically consistent regional and local circulations. Most of the RCMs evaluations rely on the comparison of its results with observations, either from weather stations networks or regular gridded datasets, revealing the ability of RCMs to describe local climatic properties, and assuming most of the times its higher performance in comparison with the forcing GCMs. The additional climatic details given by RCMs when compared with the results of the driving models is usually named as added value, and it's evaluation is still scarce and controversial in the literuature. Recently, some studies have proposed different methodologies to different applications and processes to characterize the added value of specific RCMs. A number of examples reveal that some RCMs do add value to GCMs in some properties or regions, and also the opposite, elighnening that RCMs may add value to GCM resuls, but improvements depend basically on the type of application, model setup, atmospheric property and location. The precipitation can be characterized by histograms of daily precipitation, or also known as probability density functions (PDFs). There are different strategies to evaluate the quality of both GCMs and RCMs in describing the precipitation PDFs when compared to observations. Here, we present a new method to measure the PDF added value obtained from

  8. 0090.pdf | 12 | 087 | pram | Volumes | public | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; pram; 087; 12; 0090.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the Three Science ...

  9. 424.pdf | 10feb2011 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; 10feb2011; 424.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube · Twitter · Facebook · Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Summer Research Fellowship Programme 2018 · Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship ...

  10. 1609.pdf | dec102000 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; dec102000; 1609.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube · Twitter · Facebook · Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the ...

  11. 727.pdf | mar102006 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; mar102006; 727.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube · Twitter · Facebook · Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the ...

  12. APFEL : A PDF Evolution Library with QED corrections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bertone, Valerio; Carrazza, Stefano; Rojo, Juan

    Quantum electrodynamics and electroweak corrections are important ingredients for many theoretical predictions at the LHC. This paper documents APFEL, a new PDF evolution package that allows for the first time to perform DGLAP evolution up to NNLO in QCD and to LO in QED, in the

  13. 154.pdf | 25jan2011 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; 25jan2011; 154.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube · Twitter · Facebook · Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Ethical Guidelines and Procedures document. Posted on 17 January 2017. A revised version of the ...

  14. price list 2015.pdf | Subscription | Journals | Resources | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Resources; Journals; Subscription; price list 2015.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  15. Edgeworth Expansion Based Model for the Convolutional Noise pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yonatan Rivlin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, the Edgeworth expansion up to order 4 was used to represent the convolutional noise probability density function (pdf in the conditional expectation calculations where the source pdf was modeled with the maximum entropy density approximation technique. However, the applied Lagrange multipliers were not the appropriate ones for the chosen model for the convolutional noise pdf. In this paper we use the Edgeworth expansion up to order 4 and up to order 6 to model the convolutional noise pdf. We derive the appropriate Lagrange multipliers, thus obtaining new closed-form approximated expressions for the conditional expectation and mean square error (MSE as a byproduct. Simulation results indicate hardly any equalization improvement with Edgeworth expansion up to order 4 when using optimal Lagrange multipliers over a nonoptimal set. In addition, there is no justification for using the Edgeworth expansion up to order 6 over the Edgeworth expansion up to order 4 for the 16QAM and easy channel case. However, Edgeworth expansion up to order 6 leads to improved equalization performance compared to the Edgeworth expansion up to order 4 for the 16QAM and hard channel case as well as for the case where the 64QAM is sent via an easy channel.

  16. PDF analysis of PuAl alloys local structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Platteau, C. [CEA Valduc, 21120 Is-sur-Tille (France)], E-mail: platteau.cyril@yahoo.fr; Bruckel, P.; Ravat, B.; Delaunay, F. [CEA Valduc, 21120 Is-sur-Tille (France)

    2009-03-15

    For understanding singular properties of plutonium, there is a need in studying the average and local atomic structure in Pu alloys. To study the local structure of the {delta} phase, a pair distribution function (PDF) analysis was done and has shown some significant differences with the average structure.

  17. Novel mining methods

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Monchusi, B

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Monchusi_2012.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 1953 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Monchusi_2012.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Novel Mining Methods 4th... 2012 Slide 12 CSIR mine safety platform AR Drone Differential time-of-flight beacon Sampling ? CSIR 2012 Slide 13 Reef Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) head Scan X-Y Laser/Spectrometer/Computer Rock Breaking ? CSIR 2012 Slide...

  18. Applying an economical scale-aware PDF-based turbulence closure model in NOAA NCEP GCMs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belochitski, A.; Krueger, S. K.; Moorthi, S.; Bogenschutz, P.; Cheng, A.

    2017-12-01

    A novel unified representation of sub-grid scale (SGS) turbulence, cloudiness, and shallow convection is being implemented into the NOAA NCEP Global Forecasting System (GFS) general circulation model. The approach, known as Simplified High Order Closure (SHOC), is based on predicting a joint PDF of SGS thermodynamic variables and vertical velocity, and using it to diagnose turbulent diffusion coefficients, SGS fluxes, condensation, and cloudiness. Unlike other similar methods, comparatively few new prognostic variables needs to be introduced, making the technique computationally efficient. In the base version of SHOC it is SGS turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), and in the developmental version — SGS TKE, and variances of total water and moist static energy (MSE). SHOC is now incorporated into a version of GFS that will become a part of the NOAA Next Generation Global Prediction System based around NOAA GFDL's FV3 dynamical core, NOAA Environmental Modeling System (NEMS) coupled modeling infrastructure software, and a set novel physical parameterizations. Turbulent diffusion coefficients computed by SHOC are now used in place of those produced by the boundary layer turbulence and shallow convection parameterizations. Large scale microphysics scheme is no longer used to calculate cloud fraction or the large-scale condensation/deposition. Instead, SHOC provides these quantities. Radiative transfer parameterization uses cloudiness computed by SHOC. An outstanding problem with implementation of SHOC in the NCEP global models is excessively large high level tropical cloudiness. Comparison of the moments of the SGS PDF diagnosed by SHOC to the moments calculated in a GigaLES simulation of tropical deep convection case (GATE), shows that SHOC diagnoses too narrow PDF distributions of total cloud water and MSE in the areas of deep convective detrainment. A subsequent sensitivity study of SHOC's diagnosed cloud fraction (CF) to higher order input moments of the SGS PDF

  19. Detection of Dew-Point by substantial Raman Band Frequency Jumps (A new Method)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Susanne Brunsgaard; Berg, Rolf W.; Stenby, Erling Halfdan

    Detection of Dew-Point by substantial Raman Band Frequency Jumps (A new Method). See poster at http://www.kemi.dtu.dk/~ajo/rolf/jumps.pdf......Detection of Dew-Point by substantial Raman Band Frequency Jumps (A new Method). See poster at http://www.kemi.dtu.dk/~ajo/rolf/jumps.pdf...

  20. Asymptotic stability of spectral-based PDF modeling for homogeneous turbulent flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Alejandro; Duraisamy, Karthik; Iaccarino, Gianluca

    2015-11-01

    Engineering models of turbulence, based on one-point statistics, neglect spectral information inherent in a turbulence field. It is well known, however, that the evolution of turbulence is dictated by a complex interplay between the spectral modes of velocity. For example, for homogeneous turbulence, the pressure-rate-of-strain depends on the integrated energy spectrum weighted by components of the wave vectors. The Interacting Particle Representation Model (IPRM) (Kassinos & Reynolds, 1996) and the Velocity/Wave-Vector PDF model (Van Slooten & Pope, 1997) emulate spectral information in an attempt to improve the modeling of turbulence. We investigate the evolution and asymptotic stability of the IPRM using three different approaches. The first approach considers the Lagrangian evolution of individual realizations (idealized as particles) of the stochastic process defined by the IPRM. The second solves Lagrangian evolution equations for clusters of realizations conditional on a given wave vector. The third evolves the solution of the Eulerian conditional PDF corresponding to the aforementioned clusters. This last method avoids issues related to discrete particle noise and slow convergence associated with Lagrangian particle-based simulations.

  1. Three-Dimensional Reconstructions Come to Life – Interactive 3D PDF Animations in Functional Morphology

    Science.gov (United States)

    van de Kamp, Thomas; dos Santos Rolo, Tomy; Vagovič, Patrik; Baumbach, Tilo; Riedel, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Digital surface mesh models based on segmented datasets have become an integral part of studies on animal anatomy and functional morphology; usually, they are published as static images, movies or as interactive PDF files. We demonstrate the use of animated 3D models embedded in PDF documents, which combine the advantages of both movie and interactivity, based on the example of preserved Trigonopterus weevils. The method is particularly suitable to simulate joints with largely deterministic movements due to precise form closure. We illustrate the function of an individual screw-and-nut type hip joint and proceed to the complex movements of the entire insect attaining a defence position. This posture is achieved by a specific cascade of movements: Head and legs interlock mutually and with specific features of thorax and the first abdominal ventrite, presumably to increase the mechanical stability of the beetle and to maintain the defence position with minimal muscle activity. The deterministic interaction of accurately fitting body parts follows a defined sequence, which resembles a piece of engineering. PMID:25029366

  2. Theoretical issues in PDF determination and associated uncertainties

    CERN Document Server

    Ball, Richard D.; Del Debbio, Luigi; Forte, Stefano; Guffanti, Alberto; Rojo, Juan; Ubiali, Maria

    2013-01-01

    We study several sources of theoretical uncertainty in the determination of parton distributions (PDFs) which may affect current PDF sets used for precision physics at the Large Hadron Collider, and explain discrepancies between them. We consider in particular the use of fixed-flavor versus variable-flavor number renormalization schemes, higher twist corrections, and nuclear corrections. We perform our study in the framework of the NNPDF2.3 global PDF determination, by quantifying in each case the impact of different theoretical assumptions on the output PDFs. We also study in each case the implications for benchmark cross sections at the LHC. We find that the impact in a global fit of a fixed-flavor number scheme is substantial, the impact of higher twists is negligible, and the impact of nuclear corrections is moderate and circumscribed.

  3. 1089.pdf | jul2014 | jess | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; jess; jul2014; 1089.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held from ...

  4. 630.pdf | sep102009 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; sep102009; 630.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held ...

  5. PDF Lecture Materials for Online and ``Flipped'' Format Astronomy Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kary, D. M.; Eisberg, J.

    2013-04-01

    Online astronomy courses typically rely on students reading the textbook and/or a set of text-based lecture notes to replace the “lecture” material. However, many of our students report that this is much less engaging than in-person lectures, especially given the amount of interactive work such as “think-pair-share” problems done in many astronomy classes. Students have similarly criticized direct lecture-capture. To address this, we have developed a set of PowerPoint-style presentations with embedded lecture audio combined with prompts for student interaction including think-pair-share questions. These are formatted PDF packages that can be used on a range of different computers using free software. The presentations are first developed using Microsoft PowerPoint software. Audio recordings of scripted lectures are then synchronized with the presentations and the entire package is converted to PDF using Adobe Presenter. This approach combines the ease of editing that PowerPoint provides along with the platform-independence of PDF. It's easy to add, remove, or edit individual slides as needed, and PowerPoint supports internal links so that think-pair-share questions can be inserted with links to feedback based on the answers selected. Modern PDF files support animated visuals with synchronized audio and they can be read using widely available free software. Using these files students in an online course can get many of the benefits of seeing and hearing the course material presented in an in-person lecture format. Students needing extra help in traditional lecture classes can use these presentations to help review the materials covered in lecture. Finally, the presentations can be used in a “flipped” format in which students work through the presentations outside of class time while spending the “lecture” time on in-class interaction.

  6. 1417.pdf | nov252004 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; nov252004; 1417.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be ...

  7. 37.pdf | jan102006 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; jan102006; 37.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held ...

  8. ilc-25.pdf | dec2005 | jess | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; jess; dec2005; ilc-25.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held ...

  9. 867.pdf | aug2012 | jess | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; jess; aug2012; 867.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held from ...

  10. 577.pdf | 10sep2010 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; 10sep2010; 577.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held ...

  11. 897.pdf | apr102004 | currsci | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; currsci; apr102004; 897.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year meeting of the Academy will be held ...

  12. Extra dimensions: 3d and time in pdf documentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, N A [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA, 94025 (United States)], E-mail: Norman.Graf@slac.stanford.edu

    2008-07-15

    High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

  13. Extra dimensions: 3d and time in pdf documentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, N A

    2008-01-01

    High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself

  14. Sparse PDF Volumes for Consistent Multi-Resolution Volume Rendering

    KAUST Repository

    Sicat, Ronell Barrera

    2014-12-31

    This paper presents a new multi-resolution volume representation called sparse pdf volumes, which enables consistent multi-resolution volume rendering based on probability density functions (pdfs) of voxel neighborhoods. These pdfs are defined in the 4D domain jointly comprising the 3D volume and its 1D intensity range. Crucially, the computation of sparse pdf volumes exploits data coherence in 4D, resulting in a sparse representation with surprisingly low storage requirements. At run time, we dynamically apply transfer functions to the pdfs using simple and fast convolutions. Whereas standard low-pass filtering and down-sampling incur visible differences between resolution levels, the use of pdfs facilitates consistent results independent of the resolution level used. We describe the efficient out-of-core computation of large-scale sparse pdf volumes, using a novel iterative simplification procedure of a mixture of 4D Gaussians. Finally, our data structure is optimized to facilitate interactive multi-resolution volume rendering on GPUs.

  15. PDF and cAMP enhance PER stability in Drosophila clock neurons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yue; Guo, Fang; Shen, James; Rosbash, Michael

    2014-01-01

    The neuropeptide PDF is important for Drosophila circadian rhythms: pdf01 (pdf-null) animals are mostly arrhythmic or short period in constant darkness and have an advanced activity peak in light–dark conditions. PDF contributes to the amplitude, synchrony, as well as the pace of circadian rhythms within clock neurons. PDF is known to increase cAMP levels in PDR receptor (PDFR)-containing neurons. However, there is no known connection of PDF or of cAMP with the Drosophila molecular clockworks. We discovered that the mutant period gene perS ameliorates the phenotypes of pdf-null flies. The period protein (PER) is a well-studied repressor of clock gene transcription, and the perS protein (PERS) has a markedly short half-life. The result therefore suggests that the PDF-mediated increase in cAMP might lengthen circadian period by directly enhancing PER stability. Indeed, increasing cAMP levels and cAMP-mediated protein kinase A (PKA) activity stabilizes PER, in S2 tissue culture cells and in fly circadian neurons. Adding PDF to fly brains in vitro has a similar effect. Consistent with these relationships, a light pulse causes more prominent PER degradation in pdf01 circadian neurons than in wild-type neurons. The results indicate that PDF contributes to clock neuron synchrony by increasing cAMP and PKA, which enhance PER stability and decrease clock speed in intrinsically fast-paced PDFR-containing clock neurons. We further suggest that the more rapid degradation of PERS bypasses PKA regulation and makes the pace of clock neurons more uniform, allowing them to avoid much of the asynchrony caused by the absence of PDF. PMID:24707054

  16. ATBUJET 9.2 arranged PDF

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ayodele Azeez A

    was followed by trial mix using a nominal mix of 1:2:4, water – cement, W/C, ratios of 0.4, 0.5 and. 0.6; along with two different consolidation methods – manual and machine vibrated. Based on ... need to develop reliable predictive models to.

  17. Rationalizing method of replacement intervals by using Bayesian statistics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kasai, Masao; Notoya, Junichi; Kusakari, Yoshiyuki

    2007-01-01

    This study represents the formulations for rationalizing the replacement intervals of equipments and/or parts taking into account the probability density functions (PDF) of the parameters of failure distribution functions (FDF) and compares the optimized intervals by our formulations with those by conventional formulations which uses only representative values of the parameters of FDF instead of using these PDFs. The failure data are generated by Monte Carlo simulations since the real failure data can not be available for us. The PDF of PDF parameters are obtained by Bayesian method and the representative values are obtained by likelihood estimation and Bayesian method. We found that the method using PDF by Bayesian method brings longer replacement intervals than one using the representative of the parameters. (author)

  18. AFRICAN BUFFALO OPTIMIZATION ico-pdf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julius Beneoluchi Odili

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This is an introductory paper to the newly-designed African Buffalo Optimization (ABO algorithm for solving combinatorial and other optimization problems. The algorithm is inspired by the behavior of African buffalos, a species of wild cows known for their extensive migrant lifestyle. This paper presents an overview of major metaheuristic algorithms with the aim of providing a basis for the development of the African Buffalo Optimization algorithm which is a nature-inspired, population-based metaheuristic algorithm. Experimental results obtained from applying the novel ABO to solve a number of benchmark global optimization test functions as well as some symmetric and asymmetric Traveling Salesman’s Problems when compared to the results obtained from using other popular optimization methods show that the African Buffalo Optimization is a worthy addition to the growing number of swarm intelligence optimization techniques.

  19. Implementation of Super-Encryption with Trithemius Algorithm and Double Transposition Cipher in Securing PDF Files on Android Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budiman, M. A.; Rachmawati, D.; Jessica

    2018-03-01

    This study aims to combine the trithemus algorithm and double transposition cipher in file security that will be implemented to be an Android-based application. The parameters being examined are the real running time, and the complexity value. The type of file to be used is a file in PDF format. The overall result shows that the complexity of the two algorithms with duper encryption method is reported as Θ (n 2). However, the processing time required in the encryption process uses the Trithemius algorithm much faster than using the Double Transposition Cipher. With the length of plaintext and password linearly proportional to the processing time.

  20. Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Fiona W.M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Rapid prototyping of microchannel gain lots of attention from researchers along with the rapid development of microfluidic technology. The conventional methods carried few disadvantages such as high cost, time consuming, required high operating pressure and temperature and involve expertise in operating the equipment. In this work, new method adapting xurography method is introduced to replace the conventional method of fabrication of microchannels. The novelty in this study is replacing the adhesion film with clear plastic film which was used to cut the design of the microchannel as the material is more suitable for fabricating more complex microchannel design. The microchannel was then mold using polymethyldisiloxane (PDMS and bonded with a clean glass to produce a close microchannel. The microchannel produced had a clean edge indicating good master mold was produced using the cutting plotter and the bonding between the PDMS and glass was good where no leakage was observed. The materials used in this method is cheap and the total time consumed is less than 5 hours where this method is suitable for rapid prototyping of microchannel.

  1. method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. M. Kimball

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an interior point algorithm to solve the multiperiod hydrothermal economic dispatch (HTED. The multiperiod HTED is a large scale nonlinear programming problem. Various optimization methods have been applied to the multiperiod HTED, but most neglect important network characteristics or require decomposition into thermal and hydro subproblems. The algorithm described here exploits the special bordered block diagonal structure and sparsity of the Newton system for the first order necessary conditions to result in a fast efficient algorithm that can account for all network aspects. Applying this new algorithm challenges a conventional method for the use of available hydro resources known as the peak shaving heuristic.

  2. A novel WDM monitoring method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergh, van de M.P.H.; Tol, van der J.J.G.M.; Dorren, H.J.S.

    1999-01-01

    A novel method to monitor the performance of WDM channels in an optical network is presented by analyzing the photo-diode current of a detected optical signal. From the photo-diode current, an amplitude histogram is generated, hereafter to be called the probability density function (PDF). By

  3. Joint constraints on galaxy bias and σ{sub 8} through the N-pdf of the galaxy number density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnalte-Mur, Pablo; Martínez, Vicent J. [Observatori Astronòmic de la Universitat de València, C/ Catedràtic José Beltrán, 2, 46980 Paterna, València (Spain); Vielva, Patricio; Sanz, José L. [Instituto de Física de Cantabria (CSIC-UC), Avda. de Los Castros s/n, E-39005—Santander (Spain); Saar, Enn [Cosmology Department, Tartu Observatory, Observatooriumi 1, Tõravere (Estonia); Paredes, Silvestre, E-mail: pablo.arnalte@uv.es, E-mail: vielva@ifca.unican.es, E-mail: martinez@uv.es, E-mail: sanz@ifca.unican.es, E-mail: saar@to.ee, E-mail: silvestre.paredes@upct.es [Departamento de Matemática Aplicada y Estadística, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, C/Dr. Fleming s/n, 30203 Cartagena (Spain)

    2016-03-01

    We present a full description of the N-probability density function of the galaxy number density fluctuations. This N-pdf is given in terms, on the one hand, of the cold dark matter correlations and, on the other hand, of the galaxy bias parameter. The method relies on the assumption commonly adopted that the dark matter density fluctuations follow a local non-linear transformation of the initial energy density perturbations. The N-pdf of the galaxy number density fluctuations allows for an optimal estimation of the bias parameter (e.g., via maximum-likelihood estimation, or Bayesian inference if there exists any a priori information on the bias parameter), and of those parameters defining the dark matter correlations, in particular its amplitude (σ{sub 8}). It also provides the proper framework to perform model selection between two competitive hypotheses. The parameters estimation capabilities of the N-pdf are proved by SDSS-like simulations (both, ideal log-normal simulations and mocks obtained from Las Damas simulations), showing that our estimator is unbiased. We apply our formalism to the 7th release of the SDSS main sample (for a volume-limited subset with absolute magnitudes M{sub r} ≤ −20). We obtain b-circumflex  = 1.193 ± 0.074 and σ-bar{sub 8} = 0.862 ± 0.080, for galaxy number density fluctuations in cells of the size of 30h{sup −1}Mpc. Different model selection criteria show that galaxy biasing is clearly favoured.

  4. Joint constraints on galaxy bias and σ8 through the N-pdf of the galaxy number density

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arnalte-Mur, Pablo; Martínez, Vicent J.; Vielva, Patricio; Sanz, José L.; Saar, Enn; Paredes, Silvestre

    2016-01-01

    We present a full description of the N-probability density function of the galaxy number density fluctuations. This N-pdf is given in terms, on the one hand, of the cold dark matter correlations and, on the other hand, of the galaxy bias parameter. The method relies on the assumption commonly adopted that the dark matter density fluctuations follow a local non-linear transformation of the initial energy density perturbations. The N-pdf of the galaxy number density fluctuations allows for an optimal estimation of the bias parameter (e.g., via maximum-likelihood estimation, or Bayesian inference if there exists any a priori information on the bias parameter), and of those parameters defining the dark matter correlations, in particular its amplitude (σ 8 ). It also provides the proper framework to perform model selection between two competitive hypotheses. The parameters estimation capabilities of the N-pdf are proved by SDSS-like simulations (both, ideal log-normal simulations and mocks obtained from Las Damas simulations), showing that our estimator is unbiased. We apply our formalism to the 7th release of the SDSS main sample (for a volume-limited subset with absolute magnitudes M r  ≤ −20). We obtain b-circumflex  = 1.193 ± 0.074 and σ-bar 8  = 0.862 ± 0.080, for galaxy number density fluctuations in cells of the size of 30h −1 Mpc. Different model selection criteria show that galaxy biasing is clearly favoured

  5. The Use of PDF/A in Digital Archives: A Case Study from Archaeology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim N. L. Evans

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years the Portable Document Format (PDF has become a ubiquitous format in the exchange of documents; in 2005 the PDF/A profile was defined in order to meet long term accessibility needs, and has accordingly come to be regarded as a long-term archiving strategy for PDF files. In the field of archaeology, a growing number of PDF files – containing the detailed results of fieldwork and research – are beginning to be deposited with digital archives such as the Archaeology Data Service (ADS. In the ADS’ experience, the use of PDF/A has had benefits as well as drawbacks: the majority of PDF reports are now in a standard format better suited to longer-term access, however migrating to PDF/A and managing and ensuring reuse of these files is intensive, and fraught with potential pitfalls. Of these, perhaps the most serious has been an unreliability in PDF/A conformance by the wide range of tools and software now available. There are also practical and more theoretical implications for reuse which, as our discipline of archaeology alongside so many others rapidly becomes digitized, presents us with a large corpus of ‘data’ that is human readable, but may not be amenable to machine-based technologies such as NLP. It may be argued that these factors effectively undermine some of the perceived cost benefit of moving from paper to digital, as well as the longer-term sustainability of PDF/A within digital archives.

  6. Turbulent piloted partially-premixed flames with varying levels of O2/N2: stability limits and PDF calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juddoo, Mrinal; Masri, Assaad R.; Pope, Stephen B.

    2011-12-01

    This paper reports measured stability limits and PDF calculations of piloted, turbulent flames of compressed natural gas (CNG) partially-premixed with either pure oxygen, or with varying levels of O2/N2. Stability limits are presented for flames of CNG fuel premixed with up to 20% oxygen as well as CNG-O2-N2 fuel where the O2 content is varied from 8 to 22% by volume. Calculations are presented for (i) Sydney flame B [Masri et al. 1988] which uses pure CNG as well as flames B15 to B25 where the CNG is partially-premixed with 15-25% oxygen by volume, respectively and (ii) Sandia methane-air (1:3 by volume) flame E [Barlow et al. 2005] as well as new flames E15 and E25 that are partially-premixed with 'reconstituted air' where the O2 content in nitrogen is 15 and 25% by volume, respectively. The calculations solve a transported PDF of composition using a particle-based Monte Carlo method and employ the EMST mixing model as well as detailed chemical kinetics. The addition of oxygen to the fuel increases stability, shortens the flames, broadens the reaction zone, and shifts the stoichiometric mixture fraction towards the inner side of the jet. It is found that for pure CNG flames where the reaction zone is narrow (∼0.1 in mixture fraction space), the PDF calculations fail to reproduce the correct level of local extinction on approach to blow-off. A broadening in the reaction zone up to about 0.25 in mixture fraction space is needed for the PDF/EMST approach to be able to capture these finite-rate chemistry effects. It is also found that for the same level of partial premixing, increasing the O2/N2 ratio increases the maximum levels of CO and NO but shifts the peak to richer mixture fractions. Over the range of oxygenation investigated here, stability limits have shown to improve almost linearly with increasing oxygen levels in the fuel and with increasing the contribution of release rate from the pilot.

  7. Propositions for a PDF model based on fluid particle acceleration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Minier, J.P.; Pozorski, J.

    1997-05-01

    This paper describes theoretical propositions to model the acceleration of a fluid particle in a turbulent flow. Such a model is useful for the PDF approach to turbulent reactive flows as well as for the Lagrangian modelling of two-phase flows. The model developed here draws from ideas already put forward by Sawford but which are generalized to the case of non-homogeneous flows. The model is built so as to revert continuously to Pope's model, which uses a Langevin equation for particle velocities, when the Reynolds number becomes very high. The derivation is based on the technique of fast variable elimination. This technique allow a careful analysis of the relations between different levels of modelling. It also allows to address certain problems in a more rigorous way. In particular, application of this technique shows that models presently used can in principle simulate bubbly flows including the pressure-gradient and added-mass forces. (author)

  8. Probability Density Function Method for Observing Reconstructed Attractor Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆宏伟; 陈亚珠; 卫青

    2004-01-01

    Probability density function (PDF) method is proposed for analysing the structure of the reconstructed attractor in computing the correlation dimensions of RR intervals of ten normal old men. PDF contains important information about the spatial distribution of the phase points in the reconstructed attractor. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that the PDF method is put forward for the analysis of the reconstructed attractor structure. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the cardiac systems of healthy old men are about 6 - 6.5 dimensional complex dynamical systems. It is found that PDF is not symmetrically distributed when time delay is small, while PDF satisfies Gaussian distribution when time delay is big enough. A cluster effect mechanism is presented to explain this phenomenon. By studying the shape of PDFs, that the roles played by time delay are more important than embedding dimension in the reconstruction is clearly indicated. Results have demonstrated that the PDF method represents a promising numerical approach for the observation of the reconstructed attractor structure and may provide more information and new diagnostic potential of the analyzed cardiac system.

  9. New technique for ensemble dressing combining Multimodel SuperEnsemble and precipitation PDF

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cane, D.; Milelli, M.

    2009-09-01

    The Multimodel SuperEnsemble technique (Krishnamurti et al., Science 285, 1548-1550, 1999) is a postprocessing method for the estimation of weather forecast parameters reducing direct model output errors. It differs from other ensemble analysis techniques by the use of an adequate weighting of the input forecast models to obtain a combined estimation of meteorological parameters. Weights are calculated by least-square minimization of the difference between the model and the observed field during a so-called training period. Although it can be applied successfully on the continuous parameters like temperature, humidity, wind speed and mean sea level pressure (Cane and Milelli, Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 15, 2, 2006), the Multimodel SuperEnsemble gives good results also when applied on the precipitation, a parameter quite difficult to handle with standard post-processing methods. Here we present our methodology for the Multimodel precipitation forecasts applied on a wide spectrum of results over Piemonte very dense non-GTS weather station network. We will focus particularly on an accurate statistical method for bias correction and on the ensemble dressing in agreement with the observed precipitation forecast-conditioned PDF. Acknowledgement: this work is supported by the Italian Civil Defence Department.

  10. Structural reconstruction of the catalytic center of LiPDF through multiple scattering calculation with MXAN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Xiaoyun; Chu, Wangsheng; Ma, Sixuan; Gong, Weimin; Benfatto, Maurizio; Hu, Tiandou; Xie, Yaning; Wu, ZiYu

    2006-11-01

    Peptide deformylase (PDF, EC 3.5.1.27) is essential for the normal growth of eubacterium but not for mammalians. Recently, PDF has been studied as a target for new antibiotics. In this paper, X-ray absorption spectroscopy was employed to determine the local structure around the zinc ion of PDF from Leptospira Interrogans in dry powder, because it is very difficult to obtain the crystallized sample of LiPDF. We performed X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) calculation and reconstructed successfully the local geometry of the active center, and the results from calculations show that a water molecule (Wat1) has moved towards the zinc ion and lies in the distance range to coordinate with the zinc ion weakly. In addition, the sensitivity of theoretical spectra to the different ligand bodies was evaluated in terms of goodness-of-fit.

  11. Structural reconstruction of the catalytic center of LiPDF through multiple scattering calculation with MXAN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo Xiaoyun [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China); School of Life Science, Key Laboratory of Structural Biology, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei, Anhui (China); Chu Wangsheng [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China); Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei, Anhui (China); Ma Sixuan [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China); Gong Weimin [National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing (China); Benfatto, Maurizio [Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, P.O. Box 13, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Hu Tiandou [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China); Xie Yaning [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China); Wu Ziyu [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, CAS, 100049 Beijing (China) and Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, P.O. Box 13, 00044 Frascati (Italy)]. E-mail: wuzy@mail.ihep.ac.cn

    2006-11-15

    Peptide deformylase (PDF, EC 3.5.1.27) is essential for the normal growth of eubacterium but not for mammalians. Recently, PDF has been studied as a target for new antibiotics. In this paper, X-ray absorption spectroscopy was employed to determine the local structure around the zinc ion of PDF from Leptospira Interrogans in dry powder, because it is very difficult to obtain the crystallized sample of LiPDF. We performed X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) calculation and reconstructed successfully the local geometry of the active center, and the results from calculations show that a water molecule (Wat1) has moved towards the zinc ion and lies in the distance range to coordinate with the zinc ion weakly. In addition, the sensitivity of theoretical spectra to the different ligand bodies was evaluated in terms of goodness-of-fit.

  12. Structural reconstruction of the catalytic center of LiPDF through multiple scattering calculation with MXAN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guo Xiaoyun; Chu Wangsheng; Ma Sixuan; Gong Weimin; Benfatto, Maurizio; Hu Tiandou; Xie Yaning; Wu Ziyu

    2006-01-01

    Peptide deformylase (PDF, EC 3.5.1.27) is essential for the normal growth of eubacterium but not for mammalians. Recently, PDF has been studied as a target for new antibiotics. In this paper, X-ray absorption spectroscopy was employed to determine the local structure around the zinc ion of PDF from Leptospira Interrogans in dry powder, because it is very difficult to obtain the crystallized sample of LiPDF. We performed X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) calculation and reconstructed successfully the local geometry of the active center, and the results from calculations show that a water molecule (Wat1) has moved towards the zinc ion and lies in the distance range to coordinate with the zinc ion weakly. In addition, the sensitivity of theoretical spectra to the different ligand bodies was evaluated in terms of goodness-of-fit

  13. Demonstration of thin film pair distribution function analysis (tfPDF for the study of local structure in amorphous and crystalline thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten M. Ø. Jensen

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available By means of normal-incidence, high-flux and high-energy X-rays, total scattering data for pair distribution function (PDF analysis have been obtained from thin films (tf, suitable for local structure analysis. By using amorphous substrates as support for the films, the standard Rapid Acquisition PDF setup can be applied and the scattering signal from the film can be isolated from the total scattering data through subtraction of an independently measured background signal. No angular corrections to the data are needed, as would be the case for grazing incidence measurements. The `tfPDF' method is illustrated through studies of as-deposited (i.e. amorphous and crystalline FeSb3 films, where the local structure analysis gives insight into the stabilization of the metastable skutterudite FeSb3 phase. The films were prepared by depositing ultra-thin alternating layers of Fe and Sb, which interdiffuse and after annealing crystallize to form the FeSb3 structure. The tfPDF data show that the amorphous precursor phase consists of corner-sharing FeSb6 octahedra with motifs highly resembling the local structure in crystalline FeSb3. Analysis of the amorphous structure allows the prediction of whether the final crystalline product will form the FeSb3 phase with or without excess Sb present. The study thus illustrates how analysis of the local structure in amorphous precursor films can help to understand crystallization processes of metastable phases and opens for a range of new local structure studies of thin films.

  14. The impact of the photon PDF and electroweak corrections on t anti t distributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pagani, D.; Tsinikos, I.; Zaro, M.

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the impact of EW corrections on differential distributions in top-quark pair production at the LHC and future hadron colliders, focussing on the effects of initial-state photons. Performing a calculation at Next-to-Leading Order QCD+EW accuracy, we investigate in detail the impact of photon-initiated channels on central values as well as PDF and scale uncertainties, both at order α s α and α s 2 α. We present predictions at 13 and 100 TeV, and provide results for the 8 TeV differential measurements performed by ATLAS and CMS. A thorough comparison of results obtained with the NNPDF2.3QED and CT14QED PDF sets is performed. While contributions due to the photon PDF are negligible with CT14QED, this is not the case for NNPDF2.3QED, where such contributions are sizeable and show large PDF uncertainties. On the one hand, we show that differential observables in top-pair production, in particular top-quark and t anti t rapidities, can be used to improve the determination of the photon PDF within the NNPDF approach. On the other hand, with current PDF sets, we demonstrate the necessity of including EW corrections and photon-induced contributions for a correct determination of both the central value and the uncertainties of theoretical predictions. (orig.)

  15. The impact of the photon PDF and electroweak corrections on t anti t distributions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pagani, D.; Tsinikos, I. [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Centre for Cosmology, Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Zaro, M. [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC University Paris 06, UMR 589, LPTHE, Paris (France); CNRS, UMR 7589, LPTHE, Paris (France)

    2016-09-15

    We discuss the impact of EW corrections on differential distributions in top-quark pair production at the LHC and future hadron colliders, focussing on the effects of initial-state photons. Performing a calculation at Next-to-Leading Order QCD+EW accuracy, we investigate in detail the impact of photon-initiated channels on central values as well as PDF and scale uncertainties, both at order α{sub s}α and α{sub s}{sup 2}α. We present predictions at 13 and 100 TeV, and provide results for the 8 TeV differential measurements performed by ATLAS and CMS. A thorough comparison of results obtained with the NNPDF2.3QED and CT14QED PDF sets is performed. While contributions due to the photon PDF are negligible with CT14QED, this is not the case for NNPDF2.3QED, where such contributions are sizeable and show large PDF uncertainties. On the one hand, we show that differential observables in top-pair production, in particular top-quark and t anti t rapidities, can be used to improve the determination of the photon PDF within the NNPDF approach. On the other hand, with current PDF sets, we demonstrate the necessity of including EW corrections and photon-induced contributions for a correct determination of both the central value and the uncertainties of theoretical predictions. (orig.)

  16. Usability of PDF based Digital Textbooks to the Physically Disabled University Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oku, Hidehisa; Matsubara, Kayoko; Booka, Masayuki

    2015-01-01

    Digital textbooks have been expected for providing multimedia information that the print textbooks could not handle. The original digital textbook can be fabricated relatively easily by using Epub or DAISY. Print textbooks are, however, employed as textbooks in the most of lectures in universities. Therefore, it is considered necessary to convert the content of the print textbook to the digital textbook simply and in a short time. In this paper, the digital textbook using PDF files of the print textbook was suggested as one of simple and practical solution to provide an alternative textbook for the physically disabled university student who has difficulty handling the print textbook. Then usability of the suggested method was evaluated experimentally from the point of workload. Result of the experiment indicates that the digital textbook fabricated as the alternative one for the print textbook by the suggested method has a potential to reduce workload for the physically disabled university students. In addition, the digital textbook with larger LCD display needs less workload than the print textbook. Then, there are not so much difference in the workload between the print book which is smaller than the print textbook and the digital book made from the print book.

  17. A contribution Monte Carlo method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aboughantous, C.H.

    1994-01-01

    A Contribution Monte Carlo method is developed and successfully applied to a sample deep-penetration shielding problem. The random walk is simulated in most of its parts as in conventional Monte Carlo methods. The probability density functions (pdf's) are expressed in terms of spherical harmonics and are continuous functions in direction cosine and azimuthal angle variables as well as in position coordinates; the energy is discretized in the multigroup approximation. The transport pdf is an unusual exponential kernel strongly dependent on the incident and emergent directions and energies and on the position of the collision site. The method produces the same results obtained with the deterministic method with a very small standard deviation, with as little as 1,000 Contribution particles in both analog and nonabsorption biasing modes and with only a few minutes CPU time

  18. A new method of distinguishing models of the high-Q2 events at HERA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cao, Z.; He, X.G.; McKellar, B.

    1997-07-01

    A new method is proposed to distinguish models for the high Q 2 e + p → e + X anomaly at HERA by looking at a new observable which is insensitive to parton distribution function (PDF), but sensitive to new physics. Three models have been considered: modification of PDF's, new physics due to s-channel production of new particle and new physics due to contact interactions. Using this new method it is possible to distinguish different models with increased luminosity

  19. Impact of the heavy quark matching scales in PDF fits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertone, V. [VU Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Nikhef Theory Goup, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Britzger, D. [DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Camarda, S. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Collaboration: The xFitter Developers' Team; and others

    2017-07-15

    We investigate the impact of displaced heavy quark matching scales in a global fit. The heavy quark matching scale μ{sub m} determines at which energy scale μ the QCD theory transitions from N{sub F} to N{sub F}+1 in the Variable Flavor Number Scheme (VFNS) for the evolution of the Parton Distribution Functions (PDFs) and strong coupling α{sub S}(μ). We study the variation of the matching scales, and their impact on a global PDF fit of the combined HERA data. As the choice of the matching scale μ{sub m} effectively is a choice of scheme, this represents a theoretical uncertainty; ideally, we would like to see minimal dependence on this parameter. For the transition across the charm quark (from N{sub F}=3 to 4), we find a large μ{sub m}=μ{sub c} dependence of the global fit χ{sup 2} at NLO, but this is significantly reduced at NNLO. For the transition across the bottom quark (from N{sub F}=4 to 5), we have a reduced μ{sub m}=μ{sub b} dependence of the χ{sup 2} at both NLO and NNLO as compared to the charm. This feature is now implemented in xFitter 2.0.0, an open source QCD fit framework.

  20. Extra dimensions: 3D and time in PDF documentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, N A

    2011-01-01

    Experimental science is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide, non-technical audience. We discuss how the field of radiation imaging could benefit from incorporating full 3D information about not only the detectors, but also the results of the experimental analyses, in its electronic publications. In this article, we present examples drawn from high-energy physics, mathematics and molecular biology which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input.

  1. Point and planar LIF for velocity-concentration correlations in a jet in cross flow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Knud Erik; Özcan, Oktay; Larsen, Poul Scheel

    2002-01-01

    Simultaneous measurements of velocities and concentration with Planar Laser Induced Fluorescense (PLIF) combined with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) are compared to similar measurements with pointwise Laser Induced Fluorescense (LIF) made with a slightly modified standard Laser Doppler Anemometer......, since these involve areas with high velocity- and concentration gradients, which in turn amplifies the effect of a finite measurement volume in the two measurement systems. In addition, the concentration measurement was realized by injecting clean water into the dye seeded main flow. This "inverse...

  2. Sparse PDF maps for non-linear multi-resolution image operations

    KAUST Repository

    Hadwiger, Markus

    2012-11-01

    We introduce a new type of multi-resolution image pyramid for high-resolution images called sparse pdf maps (sPDF-maps). Each pyramid level consists of a sparse encoding of continuous probability density functions (pdfs) of pixel neighborhoods in the original image. The encoded pdfs enable the accurate computation of non-linear image operations directly in any pyramid level with proper pre-filtering for anti-aliasing, without accessing higher or lower resolutions. The sparsity of sPDF-maps makes them feasible for gigapixel images, while enabling direct evaluation of a variety of non-linear operators from the same representation. We illustrate this versatility for antialiased color mapping, O(n) local Laplacian filters, smoothed local histogram filters (e.g., median or mode filters), and bilateral filters. © 2012 ACM.

  3. Analysis of theoretical security level of PDF Encryption mechanism based on X.509 certificates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Dmitruk

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available PDF Encryption is a content security mechanism developed and used by Adobe in their products. In this paper, we have checked a theoretical security level of a variant that uses public key infrastructure and X.509 certificates. We have described a basis of this mechanism and we have performed a simple security analysis. Then, we have showed possible tweaks and security improvements. At the end, we have given some recommendations that can improve security of a content secured with PDF Encryption based on X.509 certificates. Keywords: DRM, cryptography, security level, PDF Encryption, Adobe, X.509

  4. Transported PDF Modeling of Ethanol Spray in Hot-Diluted Coflow Flame

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, L.; Naud, B.; Roekaerts, D.J.E.M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a numerical modeling study of one ethanol spray flame from the Delft Spray-in-Hot-Coflow (DSHC) database, which has been used to study Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion of liquid fuels (Correia Rodrigues et al. Combust. Flame 162(3), 759–773, 2015). A “Lagrangian-Lagrangian” approach is adopted where both the joint velocity-scalar Probability Density Function (PDF) for the continuous phase and the joint PDF of droplet properties are modeled and solv...

  5. Java facilities in processing XML files - JAXB and generating PDF reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danut-Octavian SIMION

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the Java programming language facilities in working with XML files using JAXB (The Java Architecture for XML Binding technology and generating PDF reports from XML files using Java objects. The XML file can be an existing one and could contain the data about an entity (Clients for example or it might be the result of a SELECT-SQL statement. JAXB generates JAVA classes through xs rules and a Marshalling, Unmarshalling compiler. The PDF file is build from a XML file and uses XSL-FO formatting file and a Java ResultSet object.

  6. A spray flamelet/progress variable approach combined with a transported joint PDF model for turbulent spray flames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yong; Olguin, Hernan; Gutheil, Eva

    2017-05-01

    A spray flamelet/progress variable approach is developed for use in spray combustion with partly pre-vaporised liquid fuel, where a laminar spray flamelet library accounts for evaporation within the laminar flame structures. For this purpose, the standard spray flamelet formulation for pure evaporating liquid fuel and oxidiser is extended by a chemical reaction progress variable in both the turbulent spray flame model and the laminar spray flame structures, in order to account for the effect of pre-vaporised liquid fuel for instance through use of a pilot flame. This new approach is combined with a transported joint probability density function (PDF) method for the simulation of a turbulent piloted ethanol/air spray flame, and the extension requires the formulation of a joint three-variate PDF depending on the gas phase mixture fraction, the chemical reaction progress variable, and gas enthalpy. The molecular mixing is modelled with the extended interaction-by-exchange-with-the-mean (IEM) model, where source terms account for spray evaporation and heat exchange due to evaporation as well as the chemical reaction rate for the chemical reaction progress variable. This is the first formulation using a spray flamelet model considering both evaporation and partly pre-vaporised liquid fuel within the laminar spray flamelets. Results with this new formulation show good agreement with the experimental data provided by A.R. Masri, Sydney, Australia. The analysis of the Lagrangian statistics of the gas temperature and the OH mass fraction indicates that partially premixed combustion prevails near the nozzle exit of the spray, whereas further downstream, the non-premixed flame is promoted towards the inner rich-side of the spray jet since the pilot flame heats up the premixed inner spray zone. In summary, the simulation with the new formulation considering the reaction progress variable shows good performance, greatly improving the standard formulation, and it provides new

  7. Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry in parallel PDF calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lu Liuyan; Lantz, Steven R.; Ren Zhuyin; Pope, Stephen B.

    2009-01-01

    In parallel calculations of combustion processes with realistic chemistry, the serial in situ adaptive tabulation (ISAT) algorithm [S.B. Pope, Computationally efficient implementation of combustion chemistry using in situ adaptive tabulation, Combustion Theory and Modelling, 1 (1997) 41-63; L. Lu, S.B. Pope, An improved algorithm for in situ adaptive tabulation, Journal of Computational Physics 228 (2009) 361-386] substantially speeds up the chemistry calculations on each processor. To improve the parallel efficiency of large ensembles of such calculations in parallel computations, in this work, the ISAT algorithm is extended to the multi-processor environment, with the aim of minimizing the wall clock time required for the whole ensemble. Parallel ISAT strategies are developed by combining the existing serial ISAT algorithm with different distribution strategies, namely purely local processing (PLP), uniformly random distribution (URAN), and preferential distribution (PREF). The distribution strategies enable the queued load redistribution of chemistry calculations among processors using message passing. They are implemented in the software x2f m pi, which is a Fortran 95 library for facilitating many parallel evaluations of a general vector function. The relative performance of the parallel ISAT strategies is investigated in different computational regimes via the PDF calculations of multiple partially stirred reactors burning methane/air mixtures. The results show that the performance of ISAT with a fixed distribution strategy strongly depends on certain computational regimes, based on how much memory is available and how much overlap exists between tabulated information on different processors. No one fixed strategy consistently achieves good performance in all the regimes. Therefore, an adaptive distribution strategy, which blends PLP, URAN and PREF, is devised and implemented. It yields consistently good performance in all regimes. In the adaptive parallel

  8. THOR: A New Higher-Order Closure Assumed PDF Subgrid-Scale Parameterization; Evaluation and Application to Low Cloud Feedbacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firl, G. J.; Randall, D. A.

    2013-12-01

    The so-called "assumed probability density function (PDF)" approach to subgrid-scale (SGS) parameterization has shown to be a promising method for more accurately representing boundary layer cloudiness under a wide range of conditions. A new parameterization has been developed, named the Two-and-a-Half ORder closure (THOR), that combines this approach with a higher-order turbulence closure. THOR predicts the time evolution of the turbulence kinetic energy components, the variance of ice-liquid water potential temperature (θil) and total non-precipitating water mixing ratio (qt) and the covariance between the two, and the vertical fluxes of horizontal momentum, θil, and qt. Ten corresponding third-order moments in addition to the skewnesses of θil and qt are calculated using diagnostic functions assuming negligible time tendencies. The statistical moments are used to define a trivariate double Gaussian PDF among vertical velocity, θil, and qt. The first three statistical moments of each variable are used to estimate the two Gaussian plume means, variances, and weights. Unlike previous similar models, plume variances are not assumed to be equal or zero. Instead, they are parameterized using the idea that the less dominant Gaussian plume (typically representing the updraft-containing portion of a grid cell) has greater variance than the dominant plume (typically representing the "environmental" or slowly subsiding portion of a grid cell). Correlations among the three variables are calculated using the appropriate covariance moments, and both plume correlations are assumed to be equal. The diagnosed PDF in each grid cell is used to calculate SGS condensation, SGS fluxes of cloud water species, SGS buoyancy terms, and to inform other physical parameterizations about SGS variability. SGS condensation is extended from previous similar models to include condensation over both liquid and ice substrates, dependent on the grid cell temperature. Implementations have been

  9. Primal-Dual Interior Point Multigrid Method for Topology Optimization

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kočvara, Michal; Mohammed, S.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 38, č. 5 (2016), B685-B709 ISSN 1064-8275 Grant - others:European Commission - EC(XE) 313781 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : topology optimization * multigrid method s * interior point method Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 2.195, year: 2016 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2016/MTR/kocvara-0462418.pdf

  10. Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory (combined PDF of all articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Combined pdf of all articles published in the special issue "Marx @ 200: Debating Capitalism & Perspectives for the Future of Radical Theory", edited by Christian Fuchs and Lara Monticelli, tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique 16 (2, 2018, pp. 406-741.

  11. JESS-D-17-00080.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00080.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  12. JESS-D-17-00037.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00037.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  13. JESS-D-17-00047.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00047.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  14. BOMS-D-16-00748.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00748.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  15. BOMS-D-16-00644.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00644.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  16. BOMS-D-15-01104.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-15-01104.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  17. BOMS-D-16-00560.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00560.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  18. JESS-D-17-00111.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00111.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  19. JESS-D-17-00152.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

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  20. JESS-D-17-00075.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00075.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  1. BOMS-D-17-00085.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00085.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  2. JESS-D-17-00106.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00106.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  3. JESS-D-16-00357.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00357.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  4. BOMS-D-16-00562.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00562.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  5. JESS-D-16-00026.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00026.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  6. JESS-D-16-00198.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00198.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  7. JESS-D-16-00349.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00349.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  8. JESS-D-16-00140.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00140.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  9. JESS-D-16-00159.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00159.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  10. JESS-D-16-00046.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00046.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  11. JESS-D-16-00319.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00319.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  12. BOMS-D-16-00407.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00407.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  13. JESS-D-17-00003.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-17-00003.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  14. BOMS-D-16-00569.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00569.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  15. BOMS-D-15-00965.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-15-00965.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  16. BOMS-D-17-00322.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00322.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  17. BOMS-D-16-00821.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00821.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  18. ChemEngine: harvesting 3D chemical structures of supplementary data from PDF files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karthikeyan, Muthukumarasamy; Vyas, Renu

    2016-01-01

    Digital access to chemical journals resulted in a vast array of molecular information that is now available in the supplementary material files in PDF format. However, extracting this molecular information, generally from a PDF document format is a daunting task. Here we present an approach to harvest 3D molecular data from the supporting information of scientific research articles that are normally available from publisher's resources. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of extracting truly computable molecules from PDF file formats in a fast and efficient manner, we have developed a Java based application, namely ChemEngine. This program recognizes textual patterns from the supplementary data and generates standard molecular structure data (bond matrix, atomic coordinates) that can be subjected to a multitude of computational processes automatically. The methodology has been demonstrated via several case studies on different formats of coordinates data stored in supplementary information files, wherein ChemEngine selectively harvested the atomic coordinates and interpreted them as molecules with high accuracy. The reusability of extracted molecular coordinate data was demonstrated by computing Single Point Energies that were in close agreement with the original computed data provided with the articles. It is envisaged that the methodology will enable large scale conversion of molecular information from supplementary files available in the PDF format into a collection of ready- to- compute molecular data to create an automated workflow for advanced computational processes. Software along with source codes and instructions available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/chemengine/files/?source=navbar.Graphical abstract.

  19. BOMS-D-16-00613.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00613.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  20. BOMS-D-16-00443.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00443.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  1. MSL: Facilitating automatic and physical analysis of published scientific literature in PDF format.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Zeeshan; Dandekar, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Published scientific literature contains millions of figures, including information about the results obtained from different scientific experiments e.g. PCR-ELISA data, microarray analysis, gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry data, DNA/RNA sequencing, diagnostic imaging (CT/MRI and ultrasound scans), and medicinal imaging like electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), echocardiography  (ECG), positron-emission tomography (PET) images. The importance of biomedical figures has been widely recognized in scientific and medicine communities, as they play a vital role in providing major original data, experimental and computational results in concise form. One major challenge for implementing a system for scientific literature analysis is extracting and analyzing text and figures from published PDF files by physical and logical document analysis. Here we present a product line architecture based bioinformatics tool 'Mining Scientific Literature (MSL)', which supports the extraction of text and images by interpreting all kinds of published PDF files using advanced data mining and image processing techniques. It provides modules for the marginalization of extracted text based on different coordinates and keywords, visualization of extracted figures and extraction of embedded text from all kinds of biological and biomedical figures using applied Optimal Character Recognition (OCR). Moreover, for further analysis and usage, it generates the system's output in different formats including text, PDF, XML and images files. Hence, MSL is an easy to install and use analysis tool to interpret published scientific literature in PDF format.

  2. BOMS-D-15-01110.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-15-01110.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  3. JESS-D-16-00288.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00288.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  4. JESS-D-16-00449.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00449.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  5. BOMS-D-16-00790.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00790.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  6. BOMS-D-16-00881.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00881.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  7. 0011-0030.IEEE 754: 64 Bit Double Precision FloatsThis.pdf | 01 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; reso; 021; 01; 0011-0030.IEEE 754: 64 Bit Double Precision FloatsThis.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 ...

  8. BOMS-D-16-00368.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00368.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  9. Presumed PDF modeling of microjet assisted CH4–H2/air turbulent flames

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chouaieb, Sirine; Kriaa, Wassim; Mhiri, Hatem; Bournot, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Microjet assisted CH 4 –H 2 /air turbulent flames are numerically investigated. • Temperature, species and soot are well predicted by the Presumed PDF model. • An inner flame is identified due to the microjet presence. • The addition of hydrogen to the microjet assisted flames enhances mixing. • Soot emission is reduced by 36% for a 10% enriched microjet assisted flame. - Abstract: The characteristics of microjet assisted CH 4 –H 2 /air flames in a turbulent mode are numerically investigated. Simulations are performed using the Computational Fluid Dynamics code Fluent. The Presumed PDF and the Discrete Ordinates models are considered respectively for combustion and radiation modeling. The k–ε Realizable model is adopted as a turbulence closure model. The Tesner model is used to calculate soot particle quantities. In the first part of this paper, the Presumed PDF model is compared to the Eddy Dissipation model and to slow chemistry combustion models from literature. Results show that the Presumed PDF model predicts correctly thermal and species fields, as well as soot formation. The effect of hydrogen enrichment on CH 4 /air confined flames under the addition of an air microjet is investigated in the second part of this work. The found results show that an inner flame was identified due to the air microjet for the CH 4 –H 2 /air flames. Moreover, the increase of hydrogen percentage in the fuel mixture leads to mixing enhancement and consequently to considerable soot emission reduction.

  10. JESS-D-16-00612.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00612.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  11. BOMS-D-17-00377.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00377.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  12. The photon PDF from high-mass Drell Yan data at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Giuli, Francesco

    2017-05-25

    In this contribution, we review the results of [1], where a determination of the photon PDF from fits to recent ATLAS measurements of high-mass Drell-Yan dilepton production at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV is presented.

  13. BOMS-D-16-00728.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00728.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  14. BOMS-D-16-01004.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-01004.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  15. BOMS-D-16-00023.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00023.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  16. BOMS-D-16-00399.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00399.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  17. JESS-D-16-00178.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00178.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  18. BOMS-D-17-00315.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00315.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  19. JESS-D-16-00654.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00654.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  20. JESS-D-16-00540.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00540.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  1. BOMS-D-16-00015.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00015.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  2. BOMS-D-15-00018.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-15-00018.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  3. 351.pdf | mar2007 | jbiosci | www.ias.ac.in | | http: | Indian Academy ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; http: www.ias.ac.in; jbiosci; mar2007; 351.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Summer Research Fellowship Programme 2018. Posted on 16 December 2017.

  4. A Bayesian way to solve the pdf selection problem an application in geotechnical analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kerstens, J.G.M.

    2007-01-01

    Single probability density functions (pdf) are often selected based on a best-fit approach or the minimum description length (MDL) theorem that finds its description by the theory of complexity by Kolmogorov. However, it often occurs that random data cannot be accurately described by any of the

  5. BOMS-D-17-00399.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00399.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  6. JESS-D-16-00261.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00261.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  7. BOMS-D-16-00992.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00992.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  8. JESS-D-16-00151.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00151.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  9. JOAA-D-17-00074.pdf | forthcoming | joaa | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; joaa; forthcoming; JOAA-D-17-00074.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  10. JOAA-D-17-00029.pdf | forthcoming | joaa | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; joaa; forthcoming; JOAA-D-17-00029.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  11. BOMS-D-15-00514.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-15-00514.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  12. BOMS-D-17-00606.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00606.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  13. BOMS-D-17-00607.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-17-00607.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  14. Technical Training: Annonce de nouveau cours: Utilisation des fichiers PDF avec ACROBAT 6.0

    CERN Multimedia

    Monique Duval

    2005-01-01

    CERN Technical Training 2005: Learning for the LHC! Un nouveau cours pratique sur Adobe Acrobat version 6.0 est proposé à l'ensemble du personnel par le service de l'Enseignement Technique, pour répondre aux besoins de formation des utilisateurs des documents PDF. La première session aura lieu le 1er mars 2005. Objectifs : Maîtriser les différentes fonctions d'Adobe Acrobat 6.0. Programme : Présentation d'Adobe Acrobat 6.0. Création de fichiers PDF depuis Microsoft Office et d'autres applications. Création de fichiers Postscript. Modification de fichiers PDF, enregistrement et exportation. Protection par mot de passe et par signature numérique. Navigation dans les documents : interactivité, vignettes et pages, signets, liens, articles, affichage et ouverture des PDF, recherche. Travail en commun: Ajout de commentaires, révision par messagerie électronique Dur&e...

  15. BOMS-D-16-00720.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00720.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  16. JESS-D-16-00476.pdf | forthcoming | jess | Volumes | public | Indian ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; jess; forthcoming; JESS-D-16-00476.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  17. BOMS-D-16-00509.pdf | forthcoming | boms | Volumes | public ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; public; Volumes; boms; forthcoming; BOMS-D-16-00509.pdf. 404! error. The page your are looking for can not be found! Please check the link or use the navigation bar at the top. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. 29th Mid-year meeting. Posted on 19 January 2018. The 29th Mid-year ...

  18. Effect of metal ion on the structure and function of LiPDF: The study of the fine structure around the metal site using XANES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Yu; Chu Wangsheng; Yang Feifei; Yu Meijuan; Zhao Haifeng; Gong Weimin; Dong Yuhui; Xie Yaning; Wu, Ziyu

    2010-01-01

    We used X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy to investigate the metal-dependent enzymatic activity of the peptide deformylase from Leptospira interrogans (LiPDF). Ab initio full multiple scattering calculations performed by MXAN are applied to obtain the local structure of the cobalt-containing LiPDF (Co-LiPDF) and zinc-containing LiPDF (Zn-LiPDF) around the metal sites in pH9.0 buffer solution. The result shows the cobalt-wat1 (the bond water molecule) distance of Co-LiPDF is 1.89 A, much shorter than that of Zn-LiPDF, 2.50 A. That is an essential factor for its low catalytic activity.

  19. Effect of metal ion on the structure and function of LiPDF: The study of the fine structure around the metal site using XANES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Yu [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230029 (China); Chu Wangsheng, E-mail: cws@ihep.ac.c [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Yang Feifei; Yu Meijuan; Zhao Haifeng [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Gong Weimin [National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101 (China); Dong Yuhui; Xie Yaning [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wu, Ziyu, E-mail: wuzy@ustc.edu.c [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230029 (China); Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2010-07-21

    We used X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy to investigate the metal-dependent enzymatic activity of the peptide deformylase from Leptospira interrogans (LiPDF). Ab initio full multiple scattering calculations performed by MXAN are applied to obtain the local structure of the cobalt-containing LiPDF (Co-LiPDF) and zinc-containing LiPDF (Zn-LiPDF) around the metal sites in pH9.0 buffer solution. The result shows the cobalt-wat1 (the bond water molecule) distance of Co-LiPDF is 1.89 A, much shorter than that of Zn-LiPDF, 2.50 A. That is an essential factor for its low catalytic activity.

  20. High-pressure pair distribution function (PDF) measurement using high-energy focused x-ray beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Xinguo, E-mail: xhong@bnl.gov; Weidner, Donald J. [Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Ehm, Lars [Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); National Synchrotron Light Source II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Zhong, Zhong; Ghose, Sanjit [National Synchrotron Light Source II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Duffy, Thomas S. [Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2016-07-27

    In this paper, we report recent development of the high-pressure pair distribution function (HP-PDF) measurement technique using a focused high-energy X-ray beam coupled with a diamond anvil cell (DAC). The focusing optics consist of a sagittally bent Laue monochromator and Kirkpatrick-Baez (K–B) mirrors. This combination provides a clean high-energy X-ray beam suitable for HP-PDF research. Demonstration of the HP-PDF technique for nanocrystalline platinum under quasi-hydrostatic condition above 30 GPa is presented.