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Sample records for vasiliauskaite irena macerinskiene

  1. Irena Sendler. A nurse example of love of freedom Irena Sendler. Una enfermera ejemplo de amor a la libertad Irena Sendler. Uma enfermeira exemplo de amor à liberdade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lissette Paola Pulgarin Bilvao

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article summarizes the life of Polish nurse, Irena Sendler, who during the Second World War helped in the escape of over 2500 Jewish children, held in the Warsaw ghetto. In spite of having been arrested by the Gestapo, she never revealed the names or whereabouts of the children she saved. Irena reminds us that nursing is the art of protecting the lives of othersEn este artículo se resume la vida de la enfermera polaca Irena Sendler, quien durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, ayudó a escapar a más de 2 500 niños judíos recluidos en el gueto de Varsovia. Aunque fue arrestada por la Gestapo, nunca reveló los nombres ni el paradero de los niños a quienes salvó. Irena nos recuerda que la enfermería es un arte para proteger la vida de los demás.Este artigo faz um resumo da vida da enfermeira polaca Irena Sendler, quem durante a segunda guerra mundial, ajudou a escapar a mais de 2 500 meninos judeus enclausurados no gueto de Varsóvia. Apesar de ter sido presa pela Gestapo, nunca revelou os nomes nem o paradeiro dos meninos a quem salvou. Irena nos recorda que a enfermagem é uma arte para proteger a vida dos demais.

  2. Kuidas me Afganistani õpetajaid õpetasime / Maari Ross, Silja Mets-Oja, Irena Bartels, ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Sel kevadel käisid Tallinna tervishoiu kõrgkoolis täienduskoolitusel Afganistani ämmaemandad, kes ise õpetavad Afganistani meditsiinikoolides. Uutmoodi kogemust kirjeldavad TTK ämmaemanduse õppetooli juhataja Silja Mets-Oja ning ämmaemanduse õppejõud Irena Bartels, Annely Kärema, Kaire Sildver, Aet Maarja Leberecht ja Marika Merits

  3. Kuidas me Afganistani õpetajaid õpetasime / Silja Mets-Oja, Irena Bartels, Annely Kärema ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Sel kevadel käisid Tallinna tervishoiu kõrgkoolis täienduskoolitusel Afganistani ämmaemandad, kes ise õpetavad Afganistani meditsiinikoolides. Uutmoodi kogemust kirjeldavad TTK ämmaemanduse õppetooli juhataja Silja Mets-Oja ning ämmaemanduse õppejõud Irena Bartels, Annely Kärema, Kaire Sildver, Aet Maarja Leberecht ja Marika Merits

  4. Ved Irena Sendlers og præsident Lech Kaczynskis død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Karsten

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen handler hovedsagelig om den polske kvinde Irena Sendler, som blev nomineret til Nobels fredspris for sin enestående indsats for at redde jødiske børn i Warszawas ghetto, men døde i en alder af 98 år uden at have fået den – kort før flystyrtet som berøvede den polske præsident Kaczynski l...

  5. [Life and achievements of professor Irena Norska-Borówka the 75th birthday anniversary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempa, Maria

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the publication is to present the life, scientifical and social activity of the eminent pediatrician prof. Irena Norska-Borówka. The biography is based on personal data, biographical notes published in medical dictionaries, scientific publications and opinions of scientific authorities. Prof. Irena Norska-Borówka was the President of Scientific Committee of the eight previous Congresses ECOMED in Tarnów, the creator of Ecological Section of Polish Physicians Society, Polish and World precursor of Environmental Pediatrics and the UNICER expert. She has more than 300 publications, including 50 monographies. She has been awarded the I-st stage Award of the Minister of Health and Social Care for the studies on congenital toxoplasmosis. She also received SAM Rector's Awards for the publications of environmental pollution influence on the children's health and creation in 1980 the first in Poland Neonatal Pathology Clinic with an Intensive Care Department. She has become the ethical authority for her students and doctors. She has been appreciated by Upper Silesian inhabitants for her scientific work and social activity towards children and youth.

  6. Rituaalide suurmeister / Irena Buzinska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Buzinska, Irena

    1999-01-01

    Läti väliskunsti muuseumis olid eksponeeritud Raul Meele graafika ning tuleetenduste foto- ja videdokumentatsioon. Näituse ئ deviis "Tuli ja rituaalid" ئ vastukajadest läti ajakirjanduses ja televisioonis. Kunstiajakirjas "Studija" ilmub Meele loominguline portree. Näiteid näituse kuraatori I. Buzinska tehtud kokkuvõttest näituse retseptsioonist, s.h. Academia Non Grata performance'ist. Reet Varblase kommentaar.

  7. Review: Irena Medjedović & Andreas Witzel (2010. Wiederverwendung qualitativer Daten. Archivierung und Sekundärnutzung qualitativer Interviewtranskripte [Reusing Qualitative Data. Archiving and Secondary Use of Qualitative Interview Transcripts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina El-Najjar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Irena MEDJEDOVIĆ and Andreas WITZEL's work offers an insight into the topic of secondary analysis and research. The composition of the book is well-conceived, and chapter by chapter the authors examine the various facets of secondary analysis. The book covers key issues on the topic of secondary analysis, referring not only to existing literature but also using examples that foster a better understanding of this research strategy. They succeed in stimulating interest in this topic, as well as illustrating the effectiveness of this research method and reducing skepticism and doubt regarding secondary analysis. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1102205

  8. Cesarzowa Bułgarów, augusta i bazylisa – Maria-Irena Lekapena i transfer bizantyńskiej idei kobiety-władczyni (imperial feminine w średniowiecznej Bułgarii

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zofia A. Brzozowska

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Empress of Bulgarians, augusta and basilissa – Maria-Irene Lekapene and the transfer of the idea of imperial feminine in the Medieval Bulgaria Maria Lekapene was a granddaughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanos I Lekapenos. In 927 she married Peter I of Bulgaria. Her marriage, ceremoniously entered into in Constantinople, aimed to strengthen the newly signed Byzantine-Bulgarian peace treaty. Historians attributed to the Empress a significant impact on the political moves of her husband. The Empress was also to introduce a lot of elements of the Byzantine theory of power in Bulgaria.   Cesarzowa Bułgarów, augusta i bazylisa – Maria-Irena Lekapena i transfer bizantyńskiej idei kobiety-władczyni (imperial feminine w średniowiecznej Bułgarii Maria Lekapena była wnuczką cesarza bizantyńskiego Romana I Lekapena. W 927 roku poślubiła władcę Bułgarii, Piotra. Jej małżeństwo, uroczyście zawarte w Konstantynopolu, miało za zadanie umocnić dopiero co podpisany pokój bizantyńsko-bułgarski. Historycy przypisywali carycy znaczny wpływ na polityczne posunięcia jej męża. Władczyni miała też zaszczepić na gruncie bułgarskim wiele elementów bizantyńskiej teorii władzy.

  9. Between copyright and privacy : The experience of ethnographic research ethics in the 20th century Lithuania / Irena Regina Merkienė ; tõlk. Miranda Navickienė

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Merkienė, Irena Regina

    2002-01-01

    Eetilistest probleemidest etnograafilise informatsiooni koguja ja informandi vahel, autoriõigusest ja moraalsetest tõekspidamistest. Ettekanne konverentsilt - Eesti Rahva Muuseum. Konverents 42 : (2001 : Tartu)

  10. Irena Maryniakowa, Dorota K. Rembiszewska, Janusz Siatkowski, Różnojęzyczne słownictwo gwarowe Podlasia, Suwalszczyzny i północno-wschodniego Mazowsza, Warszawa: Instytut Slawistyki PAN, 2014, 476 ss.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Głuszkowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Review The monograph Różnojęzyczne słownictwo gwarowe Podlasia, Suwalszczyzny i północno-wschodniego Mazowsza is a result of an innovative, holistic approach in lexicography. The authors are not interested in separate languages, but in a specified linguistic area as a whole. The contact of Polish, Lithuanian and Eastern-Slavonic dialects in North East Poland lasts several centuries and it is impossible to set the borders between these codes. Thus, the holistic approach is the best theoretical solution in question.   Recenzja Opracowanie Różnojęzyczne słownictwo gwarowe Podlasia, Suwalszczyzny i północno-wschodniego Mazowsza jest efektem nowatorskiego, kompleksowego podejścia badawczego w leksykografii. Przedmiotem badań nie są poszczególne systemy językowe, lecz pewien obszar językowy jako całość. Wielowiekowy kontakt gwar polskich, wschodniosłowiańskich i litewskich na terenach północno-wschodniej Polski uniemożliwia jednoznaczne określenie ich granic, w związku z czym ujęcie holistyczne jest ze wszech miar uzasadnione.

  11. Mudel Euroopa Parlamendist = Модель Европейского Парламента / Irena Rihkrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rihkrand, Irena

    2009-01-01

    Simulatsioonimängust "Mudel Euroopa Parlamendist (MEP)", mille eesmärgiks on tutvustada noortele Euroopa Parlamenti, suurendada huvi ühiskondliku tegevuse vastu ja anda neile võimalus osaleda ühiskonna arengus

  12. Status of ionization by radial electron neat adaptation ion source research and development for SPIRAL2 and EURISOL-DS

    CERN Document Server

    Lau, C; Cheikh-Mhamed, M; 10.1063/1.2834316

    2008-01-01

    To take up the most challenging issue of supplying plasma ion source able to produce radioactive beams under extreme SPIRAL-2 and EURISOL irradiation conditions, an R&D program has been initiated to work out IRENA (Ionization by Radial Electrons Neat Adaptation) ion source. Using EBGP (Electron Beam Generated Plasma) concept, the ion source is specifically adapted for thick target and intense irradiation. A validation prototype has been designed, constructed and tested. Results obtained will be presented and commented and IRENA potential discussed, particularly in the framework of the multi-megawatts EURISOL.

  13. Muinasjutt, mis ootas pool sajandit / Sirje Maasikamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maasikamäe, Sirje, 1963-

    1995-01-01

    Lavastaja Grigori Kromanov. Mälestused, artiklid, kirjad, päevikud / koost. Irena Veisaite-Kromanova; Panso, Voldemar. Töö ja talent näitleja loomingus; Sinine vöö : Valik muinasjutte / Kkoost., tlk. ja lastele jutustanud Ene ja Paul Ambur

  14. Сенат Франции празднует двадцатилетие Балтийского пути / Наталья Семёнова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Семёнова, Наталья

    2009-01-01

    Prantsusmaa senatis tähistati Balti keti aastapäeva. Vastavast seminarist võtsid osa ka Mart Laar, Ene Ergma, Sandra Kalniete, Vytautas Landsbergis, Gundars Daudze, Vygaudas Ušackas, Irena Degutiene ja Denis Badre. Mart Laari vastus küsimusele Eesti-Vene suhetest

  15. Modernismi tõlgendamine jätkub / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline kunstiajalookonverents "Erinevad modernismid, erinevad avangardid. Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa kunstiprobleemid pärast Teist maailmasõda" Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 27. ja 28. IX. Esinejad: Irena Buzhinska, David Crowley, Branislav Dmitrijevic, Sirje Helme, Henry Meyric Hughes, Jaak Kangilaski, Liljana Kolesnik, Andres Kurg, Vojtech Lahoda, Steven Mansbach, Pjotr Piotrowski, Stefanie Reetz, Susan E. Reid, Skaidra Trilupaite, Borut Vogelnik

  16. Maksuviktoriini võitjad selgunud / Lasse Lehis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehis, Lasse, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Maksudeklaratsiooni TSD põhivormi kontrollküsimustikust. Lisatud: Sõerd, Aivar ; Varrak, Tea. Selgitus seoses vormi TSD täiendustega : RM vastus EML küsimusele ; Lipatova, Irena. MTA selgitab Rahandusministeeriumi vastust: MTA vastus EML küsimusele.

  17. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Caribbean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-15

    IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest developments in the field of renewables at country level around the world. Each profile combines analysis by IRENA's specialists with the latest available country data and additional information from a wide array of sources. The resulting reports provide a brief yet comprehensive picture of the situation with regard to renewable energy, including energy supply, electrical generation and grid capacity, and access. Energy policies, targets and projects are also considered, along with each country's investment climate and endowment with renewable energy resources. The energy statistics presented here span the period from 2009 until 2012, reflecting varying timelines in the source material. Since data availability differs from country to country, wider regional comparisons are possible only for the latest year with figures available for every country included. Despite the time lag in some cases, the evident differences and disparities between countries and regions around the world remain striking. The current package of country profiles is just a starting point. The geographic scope will continue to expand, and existing profiles will be enhanced with new indicators, with the whole series maintained as a live product on the IRENA website (www.irena.org)

  18. Ukraine's controversial Yanukovych visits Lithuania / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2010-01-01

    14. oktoobril Vilniuses toimunud presidentide Dalia Grybauskaite ja Viktor Janukovitši kohtumisel räägiti Ukraina liitumisest Euroopa Liiduga ning Ukraina-Leedu majandussuhetest. Ukraina president Viktor Janukovitš kohtus ka peaminister Andrius Kubiliuse ja spiiker Irena Degutienega

  19. Kärt Tomingas sõidab Hispaaniasse tööle / Anne-Mari Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Anne-Mari

    2000-01-01

    Eesti laulja ja näitleja Kärt Tomingas hakkab mängima Soome mängufilmis "Lomalla" ("End of Day"), režissöör Aleksi Mäkelä. Ka ühenduse "Vaba Lava" lavastusest : Aleksandr Galini komöödiast "Irena ja Victoria"

  20. Komparace termínů řízení a vedení

    OpenAIRE

    Vlková, Jitka

    2012-01-01

    5 TITLE: Comparison of the terms of management and leadership AUTHOR: Jitka Vlková DEPARTMENT: Education Management Center SUPERVISOR: Mgr. Irena Lhotková, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The final study deals with the issue of management - in terms of managing an organization, and with the issue of leadership - leading people. The theoretical part will clarify both particular terms: management and leadership in the first place. This part is based mainly on literature. This issue follows from a current probl...

  1. Renewable Energy Zones for the Africa Clean Energy Corridor

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, G.; R Deshmukh; Ndhlukula, K; Radojicic, T; Reilly, J.

    2015-01-01

    Multi-criteria Analysis for Planning Renewable Energy (MapRE) is a study approach developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with the support of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The approach combines geospatial, statistical, energy engineering, and economic methods to comprehensively identify and value high-quality wind, solar PV, and solar CSP resources for grid integration based on techno-economic criteria, generation profiles (for wind), and socio-environmenta...

  2. Proceedings of the Frontiers of Retrovirology Conference 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Zurnic, Irena; Hütter, Sylvia; Lehmann, Ute; Stanke, Nicole; Reh, Juliane; Kern, Tobias; Lindel, Fabian; Gerresheim, Gesche; Hamann, Martin; Müllers, Erik; Lesbats, Paul; Cherepanov, Peter; Serrao, Erik; Engelman, Alan; Lindemann, Dirk

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents Oral presentations Session 1: Entry & uncoating O1 Host cell polo-like kinases (PLKs) promote early prototype foamy virus (PFV) replication Irena Zurnic, Sylvia Hütter, Ute Lehmann, Nicole Stanke, Juliane Reh, Tobias Kern, Fabian Lindel, Gesche Gerresheim, Martin Hamann, Erik Müllers, Paul Lesbats, Peter Cherepanov, Erik Serrao, Alan Engelman, Dirk Lindemann O2 A novel entry/uncoating assay reveals the presence of at least two species of viral capsids during synchronized HIV...

  3. The emergence of pandemic retroviral infection in small ruminants

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Luisa Carrozza,; Anna-maria, Niewiadomska; Maurizio, Mazzei; Mounir, Abi-said; Joseph, Hughes; Stéphane, Hué; Robert, Gifford

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents Oral presentations Session 1: Entry & uncoating O1 Host cell polo-like kinases (PLKs) promote early prototype foamy virus (PFV) replication Irena Zurnic, Sylvia H?tter, Ute Lehmann, Nicole Stanke, Juliane Reh, Tobias Kern, Fabian Lindel, Gesche Gerresheim, Martin Hamann, Erik M?llers, Paul Lesbats, Peter Cherepanov, Erik Serrao, Alan Engelman, Dirk Lindemann O2 A novel entry/uncoating assay reveals the presence of at least two species of viral capsids during synchronized HIV...

  4. Manpower Management Specification

    OpenAIRE

    Spurná, Hana

    2014-01-01

    TITLE: Manpower Management Specification AUTHOR: Hana Spurná DEPARTMENT: The School Management Center SUPERVISOR: Mgr.Irena Lhotková, PhD. Abstract: (angl.) The final thesis deals with the issue of leadership management by means of selected examples from literature, documents, internet, study of opinions and questions of both international and Czech experts in the field of leadership management and finally by means of analysis of the term leadership management with focus on development and ta...

  5. Fyzikální vzdělávání žáků a učitelů v projektu Heuréka

    OpenAIRE

    Dvořáková, Irena

    2011-01-01

    Title: Physics education of students and teachers in the Heureka project Author: RNDr. Irena Dvořáková Department: Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Leoš Dvořák, CSc., Department of Physics Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Abstract: This doctoral thesis is aimed at physics education of students and teachers in the Heureka project. The introductory part concerns the...

  6. GRENADA. Renewables Readiness Assessment 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    Grenada, like many Caribbean islands, is dependent on costly oil imports for its energy needs, including the generation of electricity. The transition to renewable energy could potentially support price reductions and improve the overall competitiveness of key sectors of the economy, particularly tourism. This report provides facts and analysis to support the country's discussion on ways to move forward with the renewable energy agenda. IRENA is ready to provide support in the implementation of the actions identified in this report.

  7. Scenarios and Strategies for Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-11-15

    In 2011, IRENA will start developing scenarios and strategies for Africa. This is a pilot study for a project that will ultimately encompass the whole world. The selection of Africa first indicates the priority that the IRENA work programme places on the continent. In the framework of the 2011 IRENA work programme, the analysis of scenarios and strategies will feed into the renewables readiness assessment, which will assess policy priorities and best practices in renewable energy policy-making. This, in turn, will be the basis for financing investment and capacity building activities. Energy policy advice must consider issues, such as the structure of energy supply and demand, the past and future energy trends, renewable energy resources, energy economics and technology access. Scenarios and strategies are key tools for such an analysis. Regional and national differences must be considered and individual sectors and end-use categories further analysed. These include power generation, cooking, heating, industrial process heat, and transport. Urban and rural solutions will be dealt with separately, as well as centralised and decentralised solutions. The analysis will cover issues, such as potentials, technology, supply chains and investment needs.

  8. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Africa, Pacific, Latin America, Caribbean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-07-01

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2008 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  9. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Pacific

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-15

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific. These two regions are presented separately in this volume and its sister publication. The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2008 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  10. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-15

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific. These two regions are presented separately in this volume and its sister publication. The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2008 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  11. Renewable Energy Country Profiles. Latin America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-06-15

    The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment climate, projects and endowment in renewable energy resources. Because of the different timelines of these sources, data presented here refer to years between 2009 and 2012. Data availability also differs from country to country, which makes comparison with a wider regional group possible only for the year for which figures are available for all the members of the group; while this may not be the most recent year, the differences between countries, regions and the world remain striking. The current country profiles are just a starting point; they will be extended upon with new indicators to make them more informative, and maintained as a live product on the IRENA website as a key source of information on renewable energy.

  12. West African Power Pool: Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miketa, Asami [IRENA, Bonn (Germany); Merven, Bruno [Energy Research Centre, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)

    2013-06-25

    With the energy systems of many African countries dominated by fossil-fuel sources that are vulnerable to global price volatility, regional and intra-continental power systems with high shares of renewable energy can provide least-cost option to support continued economic growth and address the continent’s acute energy access problem. Unlocking Africa’s huge renewable energy potential could help to take many people out of poverty, while ensuring the uptake of sustainable technologies for the continent’s long-term development. The report examines a ''renewable scenario'' based on a modelling tool developed by IRENA and tested with assistance from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Initial results from the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Planning (EREP) model for continental ECOWAS countries show that the share of renewable technologies in the region could increase from the current 22% of electricity generation to as much as 52% in 2030, provided that the cost of these technologies continues to fall and fossil fuel prices continue to rise. In this scenario, nearly half of the envisaged capacity additions between 2010 and 2030 would be with renewable technologies. Analysis using EREP – along with a similar model developed for Southern Africa – can provide valuable input for regional dialogue and energy projects such as the East and Southern Africa Clean Energy Corridor and the Programme for Infrastructure and Development in Africa (PIDA). IRENA, together with partner organisations, has started plans to set up capacity building and development support for energy system modelling and planning for greater integration of renewables in Africa. IRENA is also completing a similar model and study for East Africa and intends to extend this work to Central and North Africa.

  13. Southern African Power Pool: Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miketa, Asami [IRENA, Bonn (Germany); Merven, Bruno [Energy Research Centre, Univ. of Cape Town (South Africa)

    2013-06-25

    With the energy systems of many African countries dominated by fossil-fuel sources that are vulnerable to global price volatility, regional and intra-continental power systems with high shares of renewable energy can provide least-cost option to support continued economic growth and address the continent’s acute energy access problem. Unlocking Africa’s huge renewable energy potential could help to take many people out of poverty, while ensuring the uptake of sustainable technologies for the continent’s long-term development. The report examines the ''renewable scenario'' based on a modelling tool developed by IRENA and tested in cooperation with the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Initial results from the System Planning and Test (SPLAT) model show that the share of renewable technologies in Southern Africa could increase from the current 10% to as much as 46% in 2030, with 20% of decentralised capacity coming from renewable sources and nearly 80% of the envisaged capacity additions between 2010 and 2030 being provided by renewable energy technologies. Deployment and export of hydropower from the Democratic Republic of Congo’s Inga hydropower project to the SADC region would significantly reduce average electricity generation costs. Analysis using SPLAT – along with a similar model developed for West Africa – can provide valuable input for regional dialogue and energy projects such as the East and Southern Africa Clean Energy Corridor and the Programme for Infrastructure and Development in Africa (PIDA). IRENA, together with partner organisations, has started plans to set up capacity building and development support for energy system modelling and planning for greater integration of renewables in Africa. IRENA is also completing a similar model and study for East Africa and intends to extend this work to Central and North Africa.

  14. Drugi pored mene. Antologija priča i eseja pisaca Jugoistočne Evrope (anthologie éditée par Ričard Švarc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Troch

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available L’anthologie Drugi pored mene… (L’Autre à côté de moi. Anthologie de nouvelles et d’essais d’écrivains de l’Europe du sud-est comprend vingt et une nouvelles et essais écrits par des auteurs contemporains serbes (David Albahari, Vladimir Arsenijević, László Végel, Charles Simic, Biljana Srbljanović, Dragan Velikić, kosovars (Beqë Cufaj, croates (Slavenka Drakulić, Bora Ćosić, Miljenko Jergović, Irena Vrkljan, bulgares (Dimitré Dinev, Vladimir Zarev, bosniaques (Aleksandar Hemon, Saša Sta...

  15. Między brakiem a nadmiarem. Z Ireną Grudzińską-Gross rozmawia Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Between overabundance and scarcity. Joanna Tokarska-Bakir in an interview with Irena Grudzińska Gross This conversation with Irena Grudzińska-Gross starts a series of interviews in “Studia Litteraria et Historica”, which motto is the title of the essay of Jan Stanisław Bystroń “On subjects I was advised not to pursue”. Among these subjects that Irena Grudzińska-Gross names are: war, family history, women.  Grudzińska-Gross tells also about the reactions to “Złote Żniwa” - a book that she wrote together with Jan Tomasz Gross, and about academic work of people of Eastern Europe living in the United States. One part of the interview concerns also a “collective hypnosis”, that Americans underwent after the 9/11 World Trade Center Attack and the price, that Susan Sontag had to pay for being critical about American militarism.   Między brakiem a nadmiarem. Z Ireną Grudzińską-Gross rozmawia Joanna Tokarska-Bakir Rozmowa z Ireną Grudzińską-Gross otwiera cykl wywiadów “Studia Litteraria et Historica”, których mottem jest tytuł eseju Jana Stanisława Bystronia: “Tematy, które mi odradzano”. Wśród “odradzanych” tematów, które wymienia Irena Grudzińska-Gross są między innymi: wojna, historia rodzinna, kobiety. Grudzińska-Gross opowiada także o reakcjach na książkę “Złote żniwa”, którą napisała wraz z Janem Tomaszem Grossem oraz o pracy akademickiej osób z Europy Wschodniej w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Część rozmowy dotyczy także “zbiorowej hipnozy”, której ulegli mieszkańcy USA po ataku 11 września 2001 na World Trade Center i ceny, jaką musiała zapłacić Susan Sontag za krytykę amerykańskiego militaryzmu.

  16. New Mycomya species from the Himalayas (Diptera, Mycetophilidae): 3. Subgenera Cesamya and Mycomyopsis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Väisänen, Rauno

    2013-11-19

    Mycomya Rondani specimens from the Himalayas, mostly Nepal and Myanmar, are revised. Altogether four species of the subgenus Cesamya Koçak & Kemal and eleven species of the subgenus Mycomyopsis Väisänen are recorded from the Himalayas and the Indian subcontinent. The paper includes a key to the Himalayan species of Mycomya of the two subgenera. The following fourteen new species are described: M. aix, M. alticola, M. banteng, M. cissa, M. ducula, M. irena, M. goral, M. jeti, M. kaa, M. naja, M. niltava, M. pitta, M. sachak, and M. sanar. The holotype of M. unipectinata Edwards from Sri Lanka was also examined and its genitalia are described.

  17. Kunsti estica Rootsis ja Lätis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Suvel hakkas Stockholmis ilmuma uus Põhjamaade kunstiajakiri "Nu", mis loodi Soome ajakirja "Siksi" ja Rootsi ajakirja "Index" ühendamisel. "NU" teises numbris "Nu" Eesti korrespondendi Harry Liivranna lühiartikkel Udo Siiast. Läti kunstiajakirjas Studija nr. 8 tutvustab Daiga Rudzate Veneetsia biennaaliga seoses Eesti ekspositsiooni, Irena Buzinska Tallinnas novembris avatavat inglise moefoto näitust. Läti kunstiajakirjas Acoustic.Space nr. 2 on Raivo Kelomehe informatsioon novembris Tallinnas toimuvast 2. meediakunsti festivalist ning Hanno Soansi videoprojekti tutvustus

  18. Saaremaa Fond turgutab õppureid / Aare Laine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laine, Aare, 1951-

    2012-01-01

    Saaremaa Fond andis kõrgkoolides häid õpitulemusi näidanud ja pere kõrvalt õppivatele tudengitele üle aastastipendiumid. Õppiva pere stipendium: Viljandi kultuuriakadeemias rahvuslikku käsitööd õppiv Alliki Oidekivi, Tallinna ülikoolis 2. kursusel kutsepedagoogikat õppiv Ahti Paju ning Tallinna ülikoolis magistriõppes haridustehnoloogiat õppiv Irena Sink. Peeter Palu nimeline stipendium: Eesti mereakadeemia tüürimehe eriala 2. kursuse tudengile Ott Kuusele. Tallinna Sadama nimelise stipendium: mereakadeemias tüürimehe eriala õppiv Dmitri Mišin

  19. Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

  20. Air pollution may alter efforts to mitigate climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yassaa, Noureddine

    2016-02-01

    Renewable energy, considered in the past as a mitigation option to climate change by reducing carbon emission, is now becoming a source of energy security and competing fossil fuels in many areas of the world. According to recent reports (e.g., IEA, IRENA, REN21), renewable energy has reached in 2014 a historical record of power generation capacity. With 1712 GW installed capacity in 2014, renewable energy represents 27.7% of the world's power generating capacity. Solar photovoltaic (PV) energy, conversion of solar light to electricity through solar panels, has increased to reach 177 GW mostly due to the political engagement for the deployment of renewable through targeted programs and the decrease of PV panels prize in the market (roughly 80% decrease since 2008 according to IRENA's report). Concentrated Solar Power (CSP), reaching a total capacity of 4.4 GW in 2014 (REN21 Report), is also demonstrating a clear growth and progresses have been made with regards to the efficiency, the storage capacity and the cost. In order to reduce the energy consumption and carbon emissions, water solar heaters are being installed in the rooftop of households and a total capacity of 406 GW thermal was recorded in 2014 (REN21 Report).

  1. Zmowa kobiet? Inscenizacje feministyczne w polskim teatrze dwudziestolecia międzywojennego

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Poskuta-Włodek

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The first wave of feminism in Poland consisted of a wide range of events. All women who were educated, independent, and professionally active and successful were regarded as feminists (regardless of their self-identification. Women of the theater, i.e., playwrights, directors, actresses and scenographers, who occupied themselves with “womanly subjects” in the 1920s and 1930s, created feminist theater which was important though it did not last long. In numerous feminist performances, theatrical productions dealt with subjects such as women in control of their own sexuality and bodies, women’s full participation in life, as well as economic independence and equal rights for women. Feminists in Polish theater, for example, Zofia Modrzewska, Maria Morozowicz-Szczepkowska, Irena Grywińska and Marcelina Grabowska, were typically not treated seriously by male critics, who were condescending, scornful, and unable to transcend their male perspective.

  2. Assessment of extreme design loads for modern wind turbines using the probabilistic approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdallah, Imad

    There is a large drive to reduce the cost of energy of wind energy generators. Various tracks are being considered such as enhanced O&M strategies through condition monitoring, increased manufacturing efficiency through higher production volumes and increased automation, improved resource...... capital cost (excluding foundations), today this value has dropped down to roughly 30 40% [IRENA, 2012, CleanEnergyPipeline, 2014]. Wind turbine manufacturers and researchers have indeed delivered on the promise of cost reduction, but the question remains: can we do more? The research in this thesis aimed...... analytical methods for fusing output from multi-fidelity aero-servo-elastic simulators with application to extreme loads on a wind turbine. Analysts and designers increasingly use multiple commercial and research-based aero-servo-elastic simulators such as FLEX, FAST, BLADED, HAWC2, Cp-Lambda, etc...

  3. International Standardisation in the Field of Renewable Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-03-15

    Renewable energy standards, regularly reviewed and updated by international committees of technical experts, can help policy makers as an instrument to demonstrate national regulatory compliance, as well as ensuring successful deployment of renewable energy technologies (RET). This study identifies over 570 standards in the current RET landscape, yet finds gaps in the existing standards, particularly for post-installation aspects of RET, such as operation, maintenance and repair. The study calls for a more structured information platform to make appropriate standards accessible to a variety of users. All stakeholders, including those from developing countries, need to be engaged in the standardisation process. IRENA's analysis also underlines the importance of RET certification schemes as a risk-mitigation tool, particularly to help small-scale projects obtain financing.

  4. GOCE and Future Gravity Missions for Geothermal Energy Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastorutti, Alberto; Braitenberg, Carla; Pivetta, Tommaso; Mariani, Patrizia

    2016-08-01

    Geothermal energy is a valuable renewable energy source the exploitation of which contributes to the worldwide reduction of consumption of fossil fuels oil and gas. The exploitation of geothermal energy is facilitated where the thermal gradient is higher than average leading to increased surface heat flow. Apart from the hydrologic circulation properties which depend on rock fractures and are important due to the heat transportation from the hotter layers to the surface, essential properties that increase the thermal gradient are crustal thinning and radiogenic heat producing rocks. Crustal thickness and rock composition form the link to the exploration with the satellite derived gravity field, because both induce subsurface mass changes that generate observable gravity anomalies. The recognition of gravity as a useful investigation tool for geothermal energy lead to a cooperation with ESA and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) that included the GOCE derived gravity field in the online geothermal energy investigation tool of the IRENA database. The relation between the gravity field products as the free air gravity anomaly, the Bouguer and isostatic anomalies and the heat flow values is though not straightforward and has not a unique relationship. It is complicated by the fact that it depends on the geodynamical context, on the geologic context and the age of the crustal rocks. Globally the geological context and geodynamical history of an area is known close to everywhere, so that a specific known relationship between gravity and geothermal potential can be applied. In this study we show the results of a systematic analysis of the problem, including some simulations of the key factors. The study relies on the data of GOCE and the resolution and accuracy of this satellite. We also give conclusions on the improved exploration power of a gravity mission with higher spatial resolution and reduced data error, as could be achieved in principle by flying

  5. Electricity Storage and Renewables for Island Power. A Guide for Decision Makers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komor, P.; Glassmire, J. [University of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2012-05-15

    Energy is a key issue for sustainable development. In island and remote communities, where grid extension is difficult and fuel transportation and logistics are challenging and costly, renewable energy is emerging as the energy supply solution for the 21st century, ensuring reliable and secure energy supply in such communities. The deployment of renewable energy technologies is increasing globally, supported by rapidly declining prices and government policies and strategies in many countries, resulting in renewable energy solutions being the most cost-effective option in many markets today. For example, in 2011 the Special Report of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation showed that approximately 50% of new electricity generation capacity added globally between 2008 and 2009 came from renewable energy sources. Therefore, the future of renewables as the base energy source for islands and remote communities looks very bright. However, as the share of renewables in power supply increases, the natural variability of some renewable energy sources must be tackled appropriately to ensure continuous availability and efficient use of the energy generated. Successful strategies to manage this variability can encompass a range of measures, such as a balanced supply technology portfolio, geographical spread of supply, better forecasting tools, demand-side management and appropriate storage solutions. Traditionally, large scale electricity storage systems were based on pumped hydropower installations. New solutions are emerging, including affordable and long-lasting batteries. This technology field is developing rapidly and prices are falling. IRENA has developed this report as a practical guide to the available energy storage solutions and their successful applications in the context of islands communities. The report also includes various best practice cases and different scenarios and strategies. It is

  6. IEA Bioenergy Countries' Report: Bioenergy policies and status of implementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bacovsky, Dina [Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Graz (Austria); Ludwiczek, Nikolaus [Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Graz (Austria); Pointner, Christian [Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Graz (Austria); Verma, Vijay Kumar [Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH, Graz (Austria)

    2016-08-05

    This report was prepared from IEA statistical data, information from IRENA, and IEA Bioenergy Tasks’ country reports, combined with data provided by the IEA Bioenergy Executive Committee. All individual country reports were reviewed by the national delegates to the IEA Bioenergy Executive Committee, who have approved the content. In the first section of each country report, national renewable energy targets are presented (first table in each country report), and the main pieces of national legislation are discussed. In the second section of each country report the total primary energy supply (TPES) by resources and the contribution of bioenergy are presented. All data is taken from IEA statistics for the year 2014. Where 2014 data was not available, 2013 data was used. It is worth noting that data reported in national statistics can differ from the IEA data presented, as the reporting categories and definitions are different. In the third section of each country report, the research focus related to bioenergy is discussed. Relevant funding programs, major research institutes and projects are described. In the fourth section, recent major bioenergy developments are described. Finally, in the fifth section, links to sources of information are provided.

  7. Renewable Energy Zones for the Africa Clean Energy Corridor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Grace C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Deshmukh, Ranjit [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Ndhlukula, Kudakwashe [International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Radojicic, Tijana [International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Reilly, Jessica [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2015-07-01

    Multi-criteria Analysis for Planning Renewable Energy (MapRE) is a study approach developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with the support of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). The approach combines geospatial, statistical, energy engineering, and economic methods to comprehensively identify and value high-quality wind, solar PV, and solar CSP resources for grid integration based on techno-economic criteria, generation profiles (for wind), and socio-environmental impacts. The Renewable Energy Zones for the Africa Clean Energy Corridor study sought to identify and comprehensively value high-quality wind, solar photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) resources in 21 countries in the East and Southern Africa Power Pools to support the prioritization of areas for development through a multi-criteria planning process. These countries include Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The study includes the methodology and the key results including renewable energy potential for each region.

  8. International Off-grid Renewable Energy Conference 2012: Key Findings and Recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-06-15

    IRENA co-organised the International Off-grid Renewable Energy Conference (IOREC) along with the ECOWAS Regional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE) and the Alliance for Rural Electrification (ARE), in Accra, Ghana, on 1-2 November 2012. This report presents the key findings and recommendations that emerged from the roundtable discussions during IOREC. The report highlights that off-grid renewable energy systems, stand-alone and mini-grids, have the potential to play a significant role in achieving the goal of universal electricity access. In recognition of this role, their development needs to be integrated into the mainstream rural electrification strategies. While several successful deployment approaches exist, there is a need to scale up. What is required is a shift from the prevalent project-by-project approach, to one that focusses on the creation of a sustainable environment that facilitates large-scale deployment. Involvement of the private sector, and in particular of local enterprises, will be instrumental in extending electricity access in rural areas, rapidly and sustainably, and hence needs to be promoted. Off-grid renewable energy technologies produce striking synergies with sectors critical for human development, and play an important role in improving access to water supply while also extending healthcare and telecommunication services in rural areas.

  9. The contribution of women to radiobiology: Marie Curie and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasinska, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Marie Sklodowska-Curie, an extraordinary woman, a Polish scientist who lived and worked in France, led to the development of nuclear energy and the treatment of cancer. She was the laureate of two Nobel Prizes, the first woman in Europe who obtained the degree of Doctor of Science and opened the way for women to enter fields which had been previously reserved for men only. As a result of her determination and her love of freedom, she has become an icon for many female scientists active in radiation sciences. They are successors of Maria Curie and without the results of their work, improvement in radiation oncology will not be possible. Many of them shared some elements of Maria Curie's biography, like high ethical and moral standards, passionate dedication to work, strong family values, and scientific collaboration with their husbands. The significance of Tikvah Alper, Alma Howard, Shirley Hornsey, Juliana Denekamp, Helen Evans, Eleanor Blakely, Elizabeth L. Travis, Fiona Stewart, Andree Dutreix, Catharine West, Peggy Olive, Ingela Turesson, Penny Jeggo, Irena Szumiel, Eleonor Blakely, Sara Rockwell and Carmel Mothersill contribution to radiation oncology is presented. All the above mentioned ladies made significant contribution to the development of radiotherapy (RT) and more efficient cancer treatment. Due to their studies, new schedules of RT and new types of ionizing radiation have been applied, lowering the incidence of normal tissue toxicity. Their achievements herald a future of personalized medicine.

  10. Depression of T lymphocyte function in chimpanzees receiving thymectomy and irradiation. [X Radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilbertsen, R.B.; Metzgar, R.S.

    1978-03-01

    In studies analogous to those in which the thymus dependency of immune functions in murine systems was determined, three chimpanzees were thymectomized, splenectomized, exposed to lethal doses of whole body x-irradiation with limited bone marrow shielding, and subsequently evaluated for lymphocyte markers and functions over a period of years. In the oldest animal studied (Irena, 7.2 years at surgery), the percentage of peripheral blood T cells decreased to about 60% of control values and remained at that level for approximately 1/sup 1///sub 2/ years before returning to normal. In the two youngest chimpanzees T cell rosette values dropped to 15 to 40% of control values after irradiation. T cell percentages in one of these young chimpanzees returned to about 75% of the controls 2/sup 1///sub 2/ years after x-irradiation. Phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A mitogen responses were less affected in the oldest chimpanzee. However, even in the oldest animal, the responses to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A began to show a gradual and consistent decline 1/sup 1///sub 2/ years after irradiation. Mixed leukocyte culture responsiveness was most affected by the experimental procedures, being greatly reduced in all three chimpanzees during varying time intervals. In general, the effects of the experimental procedures used to produce T cell deficiencies varied with the age of the chimpanzee at surgery, the time after irradiation when the animal was tested, and the lymphocyte marker or function studied.

  11. Amorphous Semiconductors: From Photocatalyst to Computer Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundararajan, Mayur

    encouraging but inconclusive. Then the method was successfully demonstrated on mesoporous TiO2SiO 2 by showing a shift in its optical bandgap. One of the special class of amorphous semiconductors is chalcogenide glasses, which exhibit high ionic conductivity even at room temperature. When metal doped chalcogenide glasses are under an electric field, they become electronically conductive. These properties are exploited in the computer memory storage application of Conductive Bridging Random Access Memory (CBRAM). CBRAM is a non-volatile memory that is a strong contender to replace conventional volatile RAMs such as DRAM, SRAM, etc. This technology has already been commercialized, but the working mechanism is still not clearly understood especially the nature of the conductive bridge filament. In this project, the CBRAM memory cells are fabricated by thermal evaporation method with Agx(GeSe 2)1-x as the solid electrolyte layer, Ag as the active electrode and Au as the inert electrode. By careful use of cyclic voltammetry, the conductive filaments were grown on the surface and the bulk of the solid electrolyte. The comparison between the two filaments revealed major differences leading to contradiction with the existing working mechanism. After compiling all the results, a modified working mechanism is proposed. SAXS is a powerful tool to characterize nanostructure of glasses. The analysis of the SAXS data to get useful information are usually performed by different programs. In this project, Irena and GIFT programs were compared by performing the analysis of the SAXS data of glass and glass ceramics samples. Irena was shown to be not suitable for the analysis of SAXS data that has a significant contribution from interparticle interactions. GIFT was demonstrated to be better suited for such analysis. Additionally, the results obtained by programs for samples with low interparticle interactions were shown to be consistent.

  12. Renewable Energy Jobs. Status, prospects and policies. Biofuels and grid-connected electricity generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucas, H.; Ferroukhi, R. [et al.] [IRENA Policy Advisory Services and Capacity Building Directorate, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

    2012-01-15

    Over the past years, interest has grown in the potential for the renewable energy industry to create jobs. Governments are seeking win-win solutions to the dual challenge of high unemployment and climate change. By 2010, USD 51 billion had been pledged to renewables in stimulus packages, and by early 2011 there were 119 countries with some kind of policy target and/or support policy for renewable energy, such as feed-in tariffs, quota obligations, favourable tax treatment and public loans or grants, many of which explicitly target job creation as a policy goal. Policy-makers in many countries are now designing renewable energy policies that aim to create new jobs, build industries and benefit particular geographic areas. But how much do we know for certain about the job creation potential for renewable energy? This working paper aims to provide an overview of current knowledge on five questions: (1) How can jobs in renewable energy be characterised?; (2) How are they shared out across the technology value chain and what skill levels are required?; (3) How many jobs currently exist and where are they in the world?; (4) How many renewable energy jobs could there be in the future?; and (5) What policy frameworks can be used to promote employment benefits from renewable energy? This paper focuses on grid-connected electricity generation technologies and biofuels. Since the employment potential of off-grid applications is large, it will be covered by a forthcoming study by IRENA on job creation in the context of energy access, based on a number of case studies.

  13. Birds of sacred groves of northern Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. M. Jyothi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sacred groves are patches of vegetation preserved due to  religious or cultural tradition.  They are protected through spiritual beliefs.  Sacred groves provide an excellent abode to the biodiversity of the region where they are located.   Scientific exploration of fauna from sacred groves of India is few and far between.  The present study was conducted to explore the bird diversity and abundance in 15 selected sacred groves of northern Kerala, eight from Kannur District and seven from Kasargod District each.  A total of 111 bird species were observed belonging to 49 families and 16 orders.  The sacred groves of northern Kerala support many of the ‘forest-birds’ such as the Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii, Asian Fairy-bluebird Irena puella, Tickell’s Blue-flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae, Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus, Heart-spotted Woodpecker Hemicircus canente, Malabar Whistling-Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii, Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra, etc.  The sacred groves of northern Kerala also support two endemic bird species of the Western Ghats, such as the Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus and Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa. Five species of raptors and four owl species were reported from the sacred groves of north Kerala during the present study.  The breeding of the White-bellied Sea-Eagle has been reported at Edayilakadu Kavu, a sacred grove in Kasargod District.  The sacred groves of northern Kerala also supported 17 species of long distant migratory birds.  Thazhe Kavu, recorded the Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, a Near-Threatened bird according to IUCN. 

  14. LCOE reduction potential of parabolic trough and solar tower CSP technology until 2025

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieckmann, Simon; Dersch, Jürgen; Giuliano, Stefano; Puppe, Michael; Lüpfert, Eckhard; Hennecke, Klaus; Pitz-Paal, Robert; Taylor, Michael; Ralon, Pablo

    2017-06-01

    Concentrating Solar Power (CSP), with an installed capacity of 4.9 GW by 2015, is a young technology compared to other renewable power generation technologies. A limited number of plants and installed capacity in a small challenging market environment make reliable and transparent cost data for CSP difficult to obtain. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the DLR German Aerospace Center gathered and evaluated available cost data from various sources for this publication in order to yield transparent, reliable and up-to-date cost data for a set of reference parabolic trough and solar tower plants in the year 2015 [1]. Each component of the power plant is analyzed for future technical innovations and cost reduction potential based on current R&D activities, ongoing commercial developments and growth in market scale. The derived levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) for 2015 and 2025 are finally contrasted with published power purchase agreements (PPA) of the NOOR II+III power plants in Morocco. At 7.5% weighted average cost of capital (WACC) and 25 years economic life time, the levelized costs of electricity for plants with 7.5 (trough) respectively 9 (tower) full-load hours thermal storage capacity decrease from 14-15 -ct/kWh today to 9-10 -ct/kWh by 2025 for both technologies at direct normal irradiation of 2500 kWh/(m².a). The capacity factor increases from 41.1% to 44.6% for troughs and from 45.5% to 49.0% for towers. Financing conditions are a major cost driver and offer potential for further cost reduction with the maturity of the technology and low interest rates (6-7 - ct/kWh for 2% WACC at 2500 kWh/(m2.a) in 2025).

  15. A bio-psycho-social exercise program (RÜCKGEWINN for chronic low back pain in rehabilitation aftercare - Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pfeifer Klaus

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is strong, internationally confirmed evidence for the short-term effectiveness of multimodal interdisciplinary specific treatment programs for chronic back pain. However, the verification of long-term sustainability of achieved effects is missing so far. For long-term improvement of pain and functional ability high intervention intensity or high volume seems to be necessary (> 100 therapy hours. Especially in chronic back pain rehabilitation, purposefully refined aftercare treatments offer the possibility to intensify positive effects or to increase their sustainability. However, quality assured goal-conscious specific aftercare programs for the rehabilitation of chronic back pain are absent. Methods/Design This study aims to examine the efficacy of a specially developed bio-psycho-social chronic back pain specific aftercare intervention (RÜCKGEWINN in comparison to the current usual aftercare (IRENA and a control group that is given an educational booklet addressing pain-conditioned functional ability and back pain episodes. Overall rehabilitation effects as well as predictors for compliance to the aftercare programs are analysed. Therefore, a multicenter prospective 3-armed randomised controlled trial is conducted. 456 participants will be consecutively enrolled in inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation and assigned to either one of the three study arms. Outcomes are measured before and after rehabilitation. Aftercare programs are assessed at ten month follow up after dismissal form rehabilitation. Discussion Special methodological and logistic challenges are to be mastered in this trial, which accrue from the interconnection of aftercare interventions to their residential district and the fact that the proportion of patients who take part in aftercare programs is low. The usability of the aftercare program is based on the transference into the routine care and is also reinforced by developed manuals with structured

  16.  Spis treści

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mieczysław Dobija

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available  Od Zespołu Redakcyjnego ............................................................................... 5 Mieczysław Dobija – Rachunkowość w systemie pomiaru aktywności ekonomicznej państwa – Accounting as part of an economic activity measurement system ............... 7 Renata Dyląg, Ewelina Puchalska – Raportowanie zagadnień środowiskowych i społecznych – Reporting on social and environmental issues .............................................. 23 Jacek Gad – Sprawozdanie z wyniku całościowego jako źródło informacji na temat kapitałowych przychodów i kosztów – doświadczenia polskiego i niemieckiego rynku kapitałowego – Statement of comprehensive income as a source of information on capital income and expenses – experience of Polish and German capital markets...... 47 Piotr Luty – Ocena kondycji finansowej łączących się spółek na przykładzie jednostek z wybranych województw Polski Zachodniej – Assessment of financial position of merging companies based on selected provinces of Western Poland ............................................................................ 69 Irena Sobańska – Znaczenie dorobku naukowego Profesor Elżbiety Burzym dla rozwoju nauki i praktyki rachunkowości w Polsce – The importance of Professor Elżbieta Burzym’s contribution to the development of accounting theory, research and practice in Poland ........................ 83 Arleta Szadziewska – Rachunkowość jako źródło informacji na temat realizacji strategii społecznej odpowiedzialności biznesu – Accounting as a source of information for CSR strategy ............................. 95 Halina Waniak-Michalak – Informacja o pracy wolontariuszy w sprawozdaniach organizacji pożytku publicznego w Polsce – Information on volunteer labour in reports of public benefit organizations in Poland ............................................................................................................ 125

  17. Changes in corneal endothelium cell characteristics after cataract surgery with and without use of viscoelastic substances during intraocular lens implantation

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    Schulze SD

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Stephan D Schulze,1 Thomas Bertelmann,1 Irena Manojlovic,2 Stefan Bodanowitz,2 Sebastian Irle,3 Walter Sekundo11Department of Ophthalmology, Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, 2Private Practice and Ambulatory Surgical Center, Bremen, 3Freelance Statistician, Friedberg, GermanyPurpose: To evaluate whether the use of balanced salt solution (BSS or an ophthalmic viscoelastic device (OVD during hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL implantation variously impacts corneal endothelial cell characteristics in eyes undergoing uneventful phacoemulsifications.Methods: Prospective nonrandomized observational clinical trial. Patients were assigned either to the BSS plus® or to the OVD Z-Celcoat™ group depending on the substance used during IOL implantation. Corneal endothelium cell characteristics were obtained before, 1 week, and 6 weeks after surgery. Intraoperative parameters (eg, surgery time, phacoemulsification energy were recorded.Results: Ninety-seven eyes were assigned to the BSS plus and 86 eyes to the Z-Celcoat group. Preoperative corneal endothelium cell density (ECD and endothelium cell size were 2,506±310 cells/mm2/2,433±261 cells/mm2 and 406±47 µm2/416±50 µm2 (P=0.107/P=0.09. After 1 and 6 weeks, ECD decreased and endothelium cell size increased significantly in both groups (each P<0.001 without significant differences between both groups (each P>0.05. Irrigation–aspiration suction time (30.3±16.6 versus 36.3±14.5 seconds and overall surgical time (7.2±1.2 versus 8.0±1.4 minutes were significantly longer in the OVD Z-Celcoat group (each P<0.001. No complications or serious side effects occurred.Conclusion: Implantation of a hydrophilic acrylic IOL under BSS infusion seems to be a useful and faster alternative in experienced hands without generating higher ECD loss rates.Keywords: phacoemulsification, ophthalmic viscoelastic device, endothelial cell density, IOL

  18. ASSESSMENT OF CURRENT TRENDS OF THE MARKET NANOCOSMETICS DEVELOPMENT

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    Yu. V. Korzh

    2013-06-01

    , La Roche-Posay, Ducray, Lireac, Ozon, Galenic, Klorane, etc. Therapeutic cosmetics from Germany occupies 14,2 %, and the main trademarks are: Annemarie Borlind, KOKO GmbH&Co KG, Sebamed, Medopharm and WT - MethodeWewering&ThimbachGmgH. 11,6 % - the medical cosmetic means of the Italian trademarks: Nature’s, GUAM, Termedi Chianciano, Cosmeciaromatica and Clinians. Other foreign manufacturers account for a small share of the total number of medical cosmetics for the prevention of photo-aging of the skin: Slovenia (Vitaskin - 5,7%; Poland (Farmona, Dr. Irena Eris; Natur Produkt Pharma - 5,6%; Russian Federation (Sun Energy - 3,7 %, and the USA (Johnson & Johnson, - 2.9 %, of Israel (Fresh Look - 2,8%, Spain (Pro - Medic - 2,8%; the United Kingdom (Boots Healthcare International - 2,1%. It should be noted that the share of the native manufacturer is just 9% of the total number of medical cosmetics, which are used for the prevention of photo-aging of the skin. Nanotechnology is one of the most investment-heavy and high development directions of the state policy of the leading world countries and countries with economies in transition. Medical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry in total occupies the third place in terms of investment in the world. It is established, that in Ukraine cosmetics native production occupies 8% of the total volume of sales, cosmetics foreign production - 92%. This fact confirms the considerable dependence of the native market of cosmetics of import.

  19. THE PAST, THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE OF THE COMPREHENSIVE SECONDARY SCHOOL COMPLEX NO 2 IN BIAŁY BÓR IN THE COMMON EDUCATIONAL SPACE

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    Izabela Stelmasiak

    2017-04-01

    Ukrainian people who thanks to their determination led to opening the school in 1962. The headmistress Ms. Irena Drozd had a special contribution to expansion of the base and organization of the institution (in the years 1975-1999.The leading purpose of the school curriculum is creating the national identity, animation of Ukrainian culture in social environment. Meetings with interesting people / guests from Ukraine as well as trips and events at school and outside it are very helpful. Projects result in creating relationships, popularization of folklore and first of all they break stereotypes concerning the insularity of Ukrainian culture. Schoolchildren of the Complex of Secondary Schools No2 in Biały Bór are at the cultural edge thanks to which they are richer in a different perspective  of perceiving the reality. Cultural competences acquired in school and after-school social interactions result in open attitude - commonly expected in a reality of a global village. Кey words:  Ukrainian national minority, cultural borderland, multiculturalism, national identity, Biały Bór.

  20. Antikinių dramų pastatymai Lietuvoje | Performances of Antique Dramas in Lithuania

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    Jovita Dikmonienė

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Performances according to antique dramas and their revamps by Lithuanian directors of 1925 to 2003 are presented in the article. Performances of Sophocles’ and Euripides’ tragedies are discussed wider. Scilicet: “Oedipus at Colonus” by Borisas Dauguvietis (1939, “Oedipus the King” by Juozas Miltinis (1977, “Electra” by Irena Kriauzaitė (1993, “Medea” by Linas Marijus Zaikauskas (1994, “Oedipus the King” by Rimas Tuminas (1998, “Antigonė” by Birutė Marcinkevičiūtė (Mar (1999 and “Oedipus the King” by Oskaras Koršunovas (2002. Scenography and direction of performances, interpretation of antique text and particularity of development of performances’ form and content are analyzed in the article.Scenography of performances changed from realistic (by B. Dauguvietis and static (by J. Miltinis portrayal of antique theatre to modern (by L. M. Zaikauskas, plastic (by R. Tuminas with vivid reflection of today’s realia (by O. Koršunovas. B. Dauguvietis has saved almost authentic form of antique performance and has rejected only from masks and cothurni. Idea of antique marble statuary playing in the tragedy of “Oedipus the King” was rendered in J. Miltinis’ performance. Role of chorus was retained in these performances; original text was not changed or shortened. Plays by I. Kriauzaitė and B. Marcinkevičiūtė were up-to-date, without antique costumes and masks, and distinguished from other plays with its minimalist direction and scenography. Chorus parts, which were acted by one actress, were shortened in “Electra”. Director and actress B. Marcinkevičiūtė herself performed all personages in tragedy and tragedy’s chorus was represented by video projection in “Antigonė”. Later performances of antique dramas were modernized not only in the meaning of form but of content, too. Greek tragedy’s text remained plot’s pattern in L. M. Zaikauskas’ and O. Koršunovas’ performances, through which

  1. Foreword

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    Andrej BEKEŠ

    2011-05-01

    , Asia and beyond.   Acta Linguistica Asiatica will, following Roman Jakobson’s saying, “Linguista sum, linguistici nihil a me alienum puto”, cover all the subject areas and theoretical approaches pertaining to theoretical and applied research on Asian languages. An international editorial board takes care of the research quality of the journal. The contents of the first issue reflect this orientation and openness. Three papers deal with various aspects of the role played by language in the process of modernization during and after Meiji Japan, i.e., The Relation Between the View on the Language and Educational Ideology in the Early Meiji Period in Japan Through the Discourse of Regionalism by Ichimiya Yufuko, Towards Theoretical Approach to the Understanding of Language Ideologies in Post-Meiji Japan by Luka Culiberg, and Images of Pre-WW II: National Language Policies as Reflected in the Field of “National Language Studies” Itself by Andrej Bekeš. Another focus of interest is philological, represented by two papers. One is Morphology and Syntax in Holes and Scratches: The Latest Stage of Kugyol Research, an interesting research on kugyol, a system devised to facilitate reading Chinese Buddhist texts in Korean, by Lee Yong. The other,The Typology of Āmreḍita Compounds in the Ṛgveda by Tamara Ditrich, investigates āmreḍita compounds in the Ṛgveda, a type of coordinative nominal constructions, closely related to dvandva compounds. Finally, this issue is concluded with the article Collocational Relations in Japanese Language Textbooks and Computer-assisted Language Learning Resources, by Irena Srdanović and deals with the teaching of collocations in modern Japanese, based on corpora.         Andrej Bekeš University of Ljubljana and University of Tsukuba     April 23, 2011

  2. U praskozorje talijanskog jezika

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    Pavao Tekavčić

    1975-11-01

    Full Text Available Članak pod tim naslovom (proširena verzija ranije održanih predavanja u Urbinu i Puli bavi se počecima talijanskog jezika. Autor polazi od pretpostavke da danas poznati najstariji tekstovi ne moraju biti zaista prvi, a svi nam stari tekstovi nisu ni sačuvani, tako da na temelju njih ne možemo sa sigurnošcu zaključiti kada se pojedina jezična inovacija pojavila, a to ne bismo mogli ni da su nam svi tekstovi očuvani, jer bi nam i tada nedostajali podaci o govornom jeziku. U analizi materijala što nam ga pružaju stari tekstovi treba imati na umu stalnu latinizaciju, kao i ono što autor naziva principom meduzavisnosti jezičnih pojava: neke od njih pretpostavljaju odredene druge pojave, bilo na istoj ili na drugoj razini lingvističkog promatranja, pa se tako neke činjenice mogu indirektno konstatirati sve ako i nisu potvrdene direktnim primjerima. U nastavku autor diskutira neke ranije stavove (H. F. Muller, F. Lot, D. Norberg, G. Bonfante, T. H. Maurer jr. o latinsko-romanskom prijelaznom periodu pa ističe da nije slučajno što se «veliki prijelom» zbio baš potkraj VIII i početkom IX stoljeća, tj. nakon Karolinške reforme, koja je doduše prividno vratila u život klasični latinski jezik, ali je upravo od toga doba dalje taj latinski strani jezik, što ga sada valja: učiti, a nije više pravilniji oblik narodnoga, govornoga jezika. Da se takav prijelom dogodio ranije (kako to neki pretpostavljaju, historijska odluka o zamjeni pravilnog latinskog jezika tzv. «seljačkim romanskim jezikom» (rustica romana lingua bila bi donesena ranije, a ne tek 813. na koncilu u Toursu. Autor zatim prelazi na glavni dio posla, tj. na analizu odabranih primjera (oko devedesetak iz zbirke Codice diplomatico longobardo L. Schiaparellija, jedne od najvažnijih zbirki ranosrednjevjekovnih dokumenata u Italiji. Imajući na umu latinizaciju govornih («vulgarnih» jezičnih elemenata, kao i spomenuti princip međuzavisnosti, možemo ispod

  3. Wspomnienie o doc. dr hab. med. Wandzie Szymańskiej-Jagiełło oraz o doc. dr hab. med. Grażynie Gutowskiej-Grzegorczyk

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    Katarzyna Rostropowicz-Denisiewicz

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Jest początek roku 1962 – powstaje Instytut na ul. Spartańskiej, nie jest jeszcze całkowicie wykończony,pełno wokół błota, chodzi się po chwiejących się deskach. Ogrzewanie nie działa, jest zimno i wilgotno.W tym nowym Instytucie powstaje Zespół Reumatologii Pediatrycznej (Klinika z 82 łóżkami i poliklinika.Ze starego Instytutu Reumatologii, mającego siedzibę w Szpitalu Dzieciątka Jezus naul. Nowogrodzkiej, przechodzą dotychczas tam pracujący pionierzy pediatrii – dr hab. med. ZygmuntŁazowski i dr med. Irena Kozicka-Polak, którzy organizują naszą nową placówkę. W marcu tego roku rozpoczynapracę młoda lekarka (dyplom Wydziału Pediatrycznego ówczesnej AM w Warszawie, już mężatkai matka rocznego syna Piotrusia (późniejszego szanownego Pana Doktora. Rozpoczyna swoją działalnośćna polu reumatologii pediatrycznej i stawia pierwsze kroki jako pracownik naukowy i dydaktycznypod kierunkiem naszego niezapomnianego szefa Profesora Edwarda Wilkoszewskiego. Niezwykle życzliwy,zachęcał i pomagał swoim – wówczas młodym i niedoświadczonym – asystentom zdobywać corazszerszą wiedzę pediatryczną i nabywać doświadczenie w dziedzinie reumatologii. Wandzia stała siędoświadczonym reumatologiem –– zarówno jako doskonały klinicysta, jak i pracownik naukowy orazdydaktyczny. Swoją pracę na stopień doktora nauk medycznych, a następnie doktora habilitowanegonauk medycznych poświęciła zagadnieniu idiopatycznego przewlekłego zapalenia stawów (wg obecnieprzyjętej nomenklatury, a wg dawnej „gościec” przewlekły postępujący bądź choroba Stilla. Jej pracew Polsce (obok doniesień zagranicznych innych autorów poświęcających się temu zagadnieniu miałycharakter pionierski. Udowodniła, że choroba ta przebiega w różnych postaciach klinicznych, nie jest jednorodna,a być może stanowi wiele jednostek różniących się od siebie przede wszystkim typem początku. Obserwacje chorych trwa

  4. Présentation

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    Gregor Perko

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Au cours des dernières décennies où l’on assiste à une refondation de la morphologie, la discipline s’intéresse de plus en plus à des phénomènes « périphériques », « marginaux », « irréguliers » ou « extragrammaticaux », à des phénomènes n’appartenant pas aux « régions nodales » de la morphologie. Le présent numéro de Linguistica, premier numéro thématique de notre revue, réunit des études qui s’intéres- sent aux frontières internes et externes de la morphologie. La diversité et la richesse des thèmes abordés et des approches proposées témoignent d’un intérêt croissant que les linguistes, non pas uniquement les morphologues, portent à cette thématique. Les articles proposés s’articulent autour de cinq axes majeurs. Un premier axe rassemble les articles qui étudient les frontières entre différentes composantes de la morphologie. L’étude de Michel Roché examine les contraintes lexicales et morphophonologiques sur le paradigme des dérivés en –aie. Les résultats de son analyse remettent en question la notion de « règle de construction des lexèmes ». Irena Stramljič Breznik et Ines Voršič se penchent sur les néologismes de sport en slovène et essaient d’évaluer la productivité ou la créativité des procédés morphologiques en jeu. Dans une étude d’inspiration cognitiviste, Alexandra Bagasheva aborde l’hétérogénéité des verbes composés en anglais. En s’appuyant sur les données fournies par les para- digmes verbaux du maltais, Maris Camilleri examine la complexité du phénomène de classes flexionnelles basées sur les radicaux. Trois travaux concernent des procédés typiquement « extragrammaticaux » servant à former le plus souvent des occasionnalismes: Arnaud Léturgie tente de dégager des propriétés prototypiques de l’amalgamation lexicale en français, notamment celles de la création des mots-valises; Silvia Cacchiani analyse, à l

  5. EDITORIAL: The Fifth International Workshop and Summer School on Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    we had an unforgettable experience producing paper sheets ourselves in an old but still operational paper mill in the green enchanting spa of Duszniki Zdrój. A short intensive course in pottery handcraft was also offered to us in the Skansen. Hiking in the rocky labyrinth of Szczeliniec (please try to pronounce this name describing a magnificent cliffed hill with creviced rocks) was also a great adventure. This was followed by a ride on the serpentine Road of a Hundred Turns. And there was another event strongly supported by the local authorities. Two special tutorials on energy research and fusion for young scholars and the general public attracted nearly 200 people. The School was financially supported by the International Centre for Dense Magnetised Plasmas at IPPLM, European Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria), the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy) and the US Department of Energy. We would like to thank cordially our sponsors. Their financial support made it possible for a number of students and teachers to come to Kudowa Zdrój. We are very grateful to Dr Adam Ziembinski, the director of the spa in Kudowa, and his staff for the immense hospitality during our stay. We wish to thank Mr Czeslaw Krecichwost, the mayor of Kudowa Zdrój, for his strong support and interest in the School and help in organizing the lectures for scholars and residents of the region. And our most cordial thanks and gratitude go to Mr Ryszard Panfil for his great kindness, inexhaustible energy and organizational efficiency that helped all of us to enjoy the meeting. We thank all the participants for their contributions and we thank the reviewers of all submitted papers. Thank you for your hard work and co-operation. We are looking forward to the next school and all hope to meet again in Kudowa. Marek Rubel, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden Irena Ivanova-Stanik, Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion

  6. Porušena crkva Rođenja Blažene Djevice Marije u Silbi

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    Eugen Motušić

    2014-12-01

    , kakve tijekom 17. i 18. stoljeća u seoskim sredinama duž istočnojadranske obale podižu pučki majstori. Njihovu djelatnost na otoku potvrđuju kako suvremene matične knjige, tako i spomenici – prikazi zidarskih i klesarskih alata na nadgrobnoj ploči u crkvi sv. Marka te na nadvratniku kuće majstora Franića Lorencina iz 1660. godine. Analiza katastarskih i topografskih nacrta iz 1824. i 1833. godine pokazuje da južni zid crkve istočno od prigrađene kapele Gospe od Ružarija zasebnim usmijerenjem odstupa od pravca ostalog dijela zida, što upućuje na zaključak da je ovaj dio strukture pripadao ranijem, po svemu sudeći srednjovjekovnom sloju građevine koja bi pregradnjom, dokumentiranoj u vizitaciji iz 1670. godine, bila proširena i produžena prema zapadu. Ovu mogućnost, koju bi trebala potvrditi neka buduća arheološka istraživanja lokaliteta, osnažuje učestalost takvih pregradnji na primjerima crkava XVII. i XVIII. stoljeća na otoku Ugljanu, a posebno situacija na tipološki analognom primjeru crkve sv. Lovre u Lukoranu na istom otoku iz 1632. godine. Otvorena predvorja također su osobitost ovih crkava, s tom razlikom da su na hrvatskom priobalju karakteristične upravo za područja Istre i Kvarnera kojemu otok Silba i zemljopisno gravitira. Silbenska je „lopica“ bila specifično izduženog tlocrta te je na pročelju imala dva simetrična niza od po tri nosača s aksijalnim glavnim ulazom u trijem, odnosno crkvu. Radi neposredne prijetnje od upada turskih gusara trijem vjerojatno nije bio prigrađen prije kraja 17. stoljeća kada ove prijetnje prestaju. Naime, toranj zvonika zasigurno je korišten kao obrambena kula, kojoj bi takva prigradnja umanjivala fortifikacijski značaj i vizualnu kontrolu ulaza u crkvu. Uvidom u arhitektonsku strukturu zvonika zapažena su dva različita građevna sloja od kojih starijem pripada trup zvonika, dok se drugi odnosi na strukturu piramide osovljene na plitkom kvadratnom tamburu. Trup zvonika u svojem