WorldWideScience

Sample records for vasar viive rosenberg

  1. Keskerakonna lastesõbralik poliitika / Viive Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Viive, 1943-

    2002-01-01

    Lisaeelarves eraldati 65 mln kr. selleks, et alates 2002. a. 1. septembrist saaksid kõik I-IV klassi õpilased ja võimaluse korral ka vanemate klasside õpilased tasuta koolilõuna. Autor: Keskerakond. Parlamendisaadik

  2. Tänades Loojat ja põllumeest / Viive Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Viive, 1943-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Harjumaa, 12. okt. 2001, lk. 4; Nädaline, 13. okt. 2001, lk. 4. Autorile tundub, et üha rohkem põllumehi lihtsalt väsib ebavõrdsetest turutingimustest, valitsejate hoolimatust suhtumisest ja toetusrahadega hullutamisest. Autor: Keskerakond. Parlamendisaadik

  3. Koolitamine : andmisrõõm või edevus? / Ants Vasar, Arne Kaasik, Hele Hammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasar, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Küsimusele, miks olete hakanud ettevõtjana koolitajaks, vastavad ASi Viru Keskus juhatuse liige Ants Vasar, Columbus IT Partner Eesti ASi pertner ja nõukogu esimees Arne Kaasik ja Amserv Grupi finantsdirektor Hele Hammer

  4. Viiv enne kojuminekut / Leo Kunnas ; interv. Helen Arak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kunnas, Leo, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Kaitsejõudude Peastaabi operatiivosakonna ülem kolonelleitnant Leo Kunnas oma perekonnast, lapsepõlvekodust Põlvamaal ja praegusest elamisest Tallinnas, missioonil viibivate sõjaväelaste probleemidest ning eluolust Iraagis. Lisa: Katkend Leo Kunnase raamatust "Viiv pikas sõjas"

  5. Opintojen viivästymiseen vaikuttavat tekijät liiketalouden yksikössä

    OpenAIRE

    Turula, Henna

    2015-01-01

    Opintojen viivästyminen on haaste ammattikorkeakouluissa, joiden taloudelliset vaatimukset ovat kiristyneet. Nykyään 46 prosenttia rahoituksesta myönnetään suoritettujen tutkintojen ja 24 prosenttia vähintään 55 opintopistettä lukuvuodessa suorittaneiden opiskelijoiden määrän perusteella. Opintojen pitkittyminen viivästyttää myös opiskelijan valmistumista ja työelämään siirtymistä. Tämän opinnäytetyön toimeksiantaja on Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun liiketalouden yksikkö. Tutkimuksen tavoittee...

  6. Kartulisortide pikaajaline säilitamine in vitro ja säilikute kasutamise võimalused nišitoodeteks / Viive Rosenberg, Katrin Kotkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Viive, 1943-

    2015-01-01

    In vitro säilitamine võimaldab koguda sorte ja rahvaaretisi, neid pikaajaliselt säilitada väliskeskonna mõjutuste eest kaitstuna ning tagab võimaluse säilikuid paljundada ja kasvatada gurmeesortidena turustamiseks

  7. Explaining everything? The power and perils of reading Rosenberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Naomi

    2008-10-01

    This article examines the writings and teachings of eminent American medical historian Charles E. Rosenberg from the perspective of one of his former graduate students. It examines the appeal of the integrative quality of Rosenberg's historical approach; his attention to imperfect and inconsistent ideology; his use of graphic examples to shock and engage; his preference for continuity over change; his rejection of nostalgia and romanticism; the influence of his teacher Erwin Ackerknecht; and Rosenberg's response to American health policy issues. The article also places Rosenberg within the history of the rise and fall of American social medicine and assesses the potential influence of his work for twenty-first-century American medical history and health policy.

  8. Vivien Noakes, ed. The Poems and Plays of Isaac Rosenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer KILGORE

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The War Poet Isaac Rosenberg was a multi-practitioner of art. Generous benefactors helped the artistically gifted young man who was born in Bristol, but grew up in poverty in Stepney, to pursue studies in painting at the Slade School of Art. Before his death at the front in 1918 (aged 27, Rosenberg had already managed to have a number of his poetic texts published. First came Night and Day (1912, followed by Youth (1915, and Moses (1916, all published at his own expense noted Geoffrey Hil...

  9. Charles E. Rosenberg and the multifaceted promise of medical history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Rosemary A

    2008-10-01

    Charles E. Rosenberg has had a major influence in defining the history of medicine as a field. However, critics who focus on his leadership or "school" in terms of defined scholarly perspectives, including those of social history and the framing of disease, offer inadequate descriptions of the messages, breadth, and scope of his scholarly work as a whole. Shoehorning the history of medicine into prescribed patterns in order to build a more unitary discipline would weaken rather than strengthen the field and is not in the Rosenberg tradition.

  10. The Rosenberg Trial: Uncovering the Layers of History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragsdale, Bruce A.

    2013-01-01

    The trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg on charges of conspiring to spy for the Soviet Union remains one of the defining moments of the Cold War era. The dramatic allegations of stolen atomic secrets and networks of Communist spies riveted the public's attention. The determination of government prosecutors reflected a widely shared belief that the…

  11. Correlates of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Method Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quilty, Lena C.; Oakman, Jonathan M.; Risko, Evan

    2006-01-01

    Investigators of personality assessment are becoming aware that using positively and negatively worded items in questionnaires to prevent acquiescence may negatively impact construct validity. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has demonstrated a bifactorial structure typically proposed to result from these method effects. Recent work suggests…

  12. Utility of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Clare; Kellett, Stephen; Beail, Nigel

    2009-01-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) continues to be used to purportedly measure self-esteem of people with intellectual disabilities, despite the lack of sound evidence concerning its validity and reliability when employed with this population. The psychometric foundations of the RSES were analyzed here with a sample of 219 participants with…

  13. Factorial Structure of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale among Crack-Cocaine Drug Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jichuan; Siegal, Harvey A.; Falck, Russell S.; Carlson, Robert G.

    2001-01-01

    Used nine different confirmatory factor analysis models to test the factorial structure of Rosenberg's (M. Rosenberg, 1965) self-esteem scale with a sample of 430 crack-cocaine users. Results partly support earlier research to show a single global self-esteem factor underlying responses to the Rosenberg scale, method effects associated with item…

  14. Psychometric Properties of the Dutch Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Franck

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Interest in self-esteem has been fuelled by the suggestion that level of self-esteem is associated with psychological well-being. In the present study, we translated the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES into the Dutch language and evaluated its psychometric properties in a sample of 442 adults. The results of both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that a single-factor solution provides the best fit. In addition, the Dutch RSES showed high internal consistency as well as high congruent validity. Overall, these findings support the usefulness of the Dutch RSES as a measure for global self-esteem.

  15. Concept of nonviolent communication by M.Rosenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gessmann H.-W.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article proves the necessity of putting he concept of nonviolent communication by M.Rosenberg into practice and detalizes the main items of this concept. The work gives a perspective of implementation of the nonviolent communication concept in the context of contemporary life. At the present time Russian psychology lacks methods aimed at overcoming the violent communication, so the approach discussed in this article can serve the means of solving this problem. Violent communication affects many spheres of human life and brings into life many problems and conflicts, so the search for an efficient way of coping this problem is an important task.

  16. 15 edukat aastat, kuidas edasi? / Raul Rosenberg, Ardo Nõmm ; interv. Kaja Prügi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Raul, 1961-

    2008-01-01

    Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse juhatuse esimees Raul Rosenberg ja finantsjuht Ardo Nõmm vastavad küsimustele, mis puudutavad sihtasutuse missiooni. Vt. samas: Millega MES tegelenud on? MES kronoloogias

  17. Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR): validade fatorial e consistência interna Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS): factorial validity and internal consistency

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Juliana Burges Sbicigo; Denise Ruschel Bandeira; Débora Dalbosco Dell'Aglio

    2010-01-01

    ... satisfatórias, mostrando-se um instrumento confiável para medir autoestima em adolescentes brasileiros.The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometrics properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale...

  18. Factorial Structure of the French Version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among the Elderly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gana, Kamel; Alaphilippe, Daniel; Bailly, Nathalie

    2005-01-01

    Ten different confirmatory factor analysis models, including ones with correlated traits correlated methods, correlated traits correlated uniqueness, and correlated traits uncorrelated methods, were proposed to examine the factorial structure of the French version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). In line with previous studies…

  19. Psychometric characteristics and dimensionality of a Persian version of Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapurian, R; Hojat, M; Nayerahmadi, H

    1987-08-01

    The Rosenberg Self-esteem scale was translated into Persian and 12 Iranian bilingual judges confirmed the soundness of translation. The psychometric properties of the Persian version of Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale were studied in two samples of Iranian college students separately. Sample I consisted of 232 Iranian students in American universities, and Sample II comprised 305 Iranian students in Iranian universities. Criterion measures of loneliness, depression, anxiety, neuroticism, psychoticism, misanthropy, locus of control, tendency to dissimulate, and measures of relationship with parents, peers, and academic achievement were obtained. Item-total score correlations and alpha reliabilities supported the internal consistency of the scale. Test-retest reliabilities indicated the stability of the scores, and correlations between scores of the scale, and criterion measures supported the concurrent validity of the Rosenberg scale. Factor analysis of the Rosenberg scores confirmed the unidimensionality of the scale.

  20. Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maçola, Ligia; do Vale, Ianê Nogueira; Carmona, Elenice Valentim

    2010-01-01

    .... Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio-demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems...

  1. Method Effects and Gender Invariance of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale: A Study on Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Tomas, J.M.; Oliver, A.; P. M. Hontangas; Sancho, P.; Galiana, L.

    2016-01-01

    Rosenbergs self-esteem scale has been extensively used in all areas of psychology to assess global self-esteem (Rosenberg, 1965, 1979). Its construct validity, and specifically its factor structure, has almost from the beginning been under debate. More than four decades after its creation the cumulated evidence points that the scale measures a single trait (self-esteem) but confounded by a method factor associated to negatively worded items. The aim of the study is to examine the measurement ...

  2. Factorial Validity and Invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Portuguese Youngsters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose; Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Teixeira, Carla M.; Bertelli, Rosangela

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability, factorial validity and measurement invariance (across gender, age and physical activity participation) of a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sample consisted of 1,763 Portuguese youngsters (731 male and 1,032 female) with ages between 15 and 20 years.…

  3. "Don't fence me in": connecting irony to power in the scholarship of Charles E. Rosenberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reverby, Susan M

    2008-10-01

    Irony and contingency are central to Charles E. Rosenberg's scholarship and theoretical stance. Irony is a a way to speak through history both to power and to those who would contest power. The question becomes, What kind of politics is it? The limitations of Rosenberg's ironic trope and its world weariness that can provide critique but no way to change is analyzed.

  4. [Rosenberg self-esteem scale: validation in a representative sample of Chilean adults].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas-Barahona, Cristian A; Zegers, Beatriz; Förster, Carla E

    2009-06-01

    Self-esteem is positively associated to the well being of people and could be a good mental health indicator. To determine the reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale in a Chilean adult sample. The instrument was applied to 473 subjects living in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, evenly distributed according to gender, age, educational level and income. The Neugarten Life Satisfaction index (LSI-A) was also applied to the sample. Cronbach's alpha for reliability of the scale was 0.754. There was no gender bias and factor analysis grouped items into two factors (5 positive and 5 negative). The instrument had a correlation of 0.455 with the LSI-A. The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale meets the criteria for validity and reliability of a quality instrument to measure self-esteem in Chile.

  5. [assessment Of Self-esteem In Pregnant Women Using Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale].

    OpenAIRE

    Maçola, Ligia; do Vale, Ianê Nogueira; Carmona, Elenice Valentim

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio-demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations...

  6. An examination of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale using collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermillion, Mark; Dodder, Richard A

    2007-04-01

    The purpose was to examine the construct validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). The construct validity of the scale was examined by applying it to collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes at an NCAA sanctioned wheelchair basketball tournament at a mid-sized university in the south central United States (N=68). In accordance with previous research on the scale, Cronbach alpha was .86; confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor structure. The scale is useful for measuring global self-esteem in collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes.

  7. Alfred Rosenberg und die Nordische Gesellschaft – Der „nordische Gedanke“ in Theorie und Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Almgren; Jan Hecker-Stampehl; Ernst Piper

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution traces the emergence, Gleichschaltung, expansion and demise of the Nordische Gesellschaft [Nordic Society] with a special focus on its leading protagonist Alfred Rosenberg. In the beginning of the article, the history of ideas and the organisa-tional foundations of the society are being set as a background. In the main part of the text the Nordische Gesellschaft’s activity during the “Third Reich” and under Rosenberg’s auspices is being analysed. Sources used comprise both archival material as well as the NG’s own publications

  8. On the factor structure of the Rosenberg (1965) General Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alessandri, Guido; Vecchione, Michele; Eisenberg, Nancy; Łaguna, Mariola

    2015-06-01

    Since its introduction, the Rosenberg General Self-Esteem Scale (RGSE, Rosenberg, 1965) has been 1 of the most widely used measures of global self-esteem. We conducted 4 studies to investigate (a) the goodness-of-fit of a bifactor model positing a general self-esteem (GSE) factor and 2 specific factors grouping positive (MFP) and negative items (MFN) and (b) different kinds of validity of the GSE, MFN, and MFP factors of the RSGE. In the first study (n = 11,028), the fit of the bifactor model was compared with those of 9 alternative models proposed in literature for the RGSE. In Study 2 (n = 357), the external validities of GSE, MFP, and MFN were evaluated using objective grade point average data and multimethod measures of prosociality, aggression, and depression. In Study 3 (n = 565), the across-rater robustness of the bifactor model was evaluated. In Study 4, measurement invariance of the RGSE was further supported across samples in 3 European countries, Serbia (n = 1,010), Poland (n = 699), and Italy (n = 707), and in the United States (n = 1,192). All in all, psychometric findings corroborate the value and the robustness of the bifactor structure and its substantive interpretation. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  9. Rasch analysis of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale with African Americans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Vidacovich, Courtney; Green, Kathy E

    2017-03-01

    Effectively diagnosing African Americans' self-esteem has posed an unresolved challenge. To address this assessment issue, we conducted exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, Rosenberg, 1965) for African American college students. The dimensional structure of the RSES was first identified with the first subsample (i.e., calibration subsample) and then held up under cross-validation with a second subsample (i.e., validation subsample). Exploratory factor analysis and Rasch analysis both supported unidimensionality of the measure, with that finding replicated for a random split of the sample. Response scale use was generally appropriate, items were endorsed at a high level reflecting high levels of self-esteem, and person separation and reliability of person separation were adequate, and reflected results similar to those found in prior research. However, as some categories were infrequently used, we also collapsed scale points and found a slight improvement in scale and item indices. No differential item functioning was found by sex or having received professional assistance versus not; there were no mean score differences by age group, marital status, or year in college. Two items were seen as problematic. Implications for theory and research on multicultural mental health are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. AUTOESTIMA DE MULHERES MASTECTOMIZADAS – APLICAÇÃO DA ESCALA DE ROSENBERG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Marques Jucá Fernandes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue evaluar el nivel de autoestima de mujeres mastectomizadas con aplicación de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Investigación transversal exploratoria y descriptiva, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizada en julio/2009 con 14 mujeres de un Grupo de Apoyo, en Fortaleza-CE, Brasil. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevista y aplicación de esta escala. Los resultados señalaron media de edad de 59 años, tiempo promedio de mastectomomía de 84,9 meses y tiempo promedio para participación en el grupo de 59 meses. Seis (42,9% mujeres estaban casadas, 13 (92,9% eran adeptas de práctica religiosa y con ocupación profesional. Los puntajes individuales obtenidos con la Escala revelaron de Rosenberg señalaron alta autoestima entre las mujeres. La evaluación de la autoestima de mujeres mastectomizadas puede ayudar en la adopción de intervenciones de enfermería capaces de causar cambios en el tipo de atención ofrecida a esta cliente.

  11. On the history of medicine in the United States, theory, health insurance, and psychiatry: an interview with Charles Rosenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Rosenberg

    Full Text Available Abstract An interview with Charles Rosenberg conducted by Rafael Mantovani in November 2013 that addressed four topics. It first focused on the way in which Rosenberg perceived trends and directions in historical research on medicine in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century. The second focus was on his experience with other important historians who wrote about public health. Thirdly, he discussed his impressions about the current debate on health policy in his country. Finally, the last part explores some themes related to psychiatry and behavior control that have appeared in a number of his articles.

  12. On the history of medicine in the United States, theory, health insurance, and psychiatry: an interview with Charles Rosenberg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Charles; Mantovani, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    An interview with Charles Rosenberg conducted by Rafael Mantovani in November 2013 that addressed four topics. It first focused on the way in which Rosenberg perceived trends and directions in historical research on medicine in the United States during the second half of the twentieth century. The second focus was on his experience with other important historians who wrote about public health. Thirdly, he discussed his impressions about the current debate on health policy in his country. Finally, the last part explores some themes related to psychiatry and behavior control that have appeared in a number of his articles.

  13. Cognitive Abilities Explain Wording Effects in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnambs, Timo; Schroeders, Ulrich

    2017-12-01

    There is consensus that the 10 items of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) reflect wording effects resulting from positively and negatively keyed items. The present study examined the effects of cognitive abilities on the factor structure of the RSES with a novel, nonparametric latent variable technique called local structural equation models. In a nationally representative German large-scale assessment including 12,437 students competing measurement models for the RSES were compared: a bifactor model with a common factor and a specific factor for all negatively worded items had an optimal fit. Local structural equation models showed that the unidimensionality of the scale increased with higher levels of reading competence and reasoning, while the proportion of variance attributed to the negatively keyed items declined. Wording effects on the factor structure of the RSES seem to represent a response style artifact associated with cognitive abilities.

  14. Evaluation of the Factor Structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Sean P; Gothe, Neha P; McAuley, Edward

    2013-01-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is the most utilized measure of global self-esteem. Although psychometric studies have generally supported the uni-dimensionality of this 10-item scale, more recently, a stable, response-bias has been associated with the wording of the items (Marsh, Scalas, & Nagengast, 2010). The purpose of this report was to replicate Marsh et al.'s findings in a sample of older adults and to test for invariance across time, gender and levels of education. Our results indicated that indeed a response-bias does exist in esteem responses. Researchers should investigate ways to meaningfully examine and practically overcome the methodological challenges associated with the RSE scale.

  15. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: translation and validation in university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Albo, José; Núñiez, Juan L; Navarro, José G; Grijalvo, Fernando

    2007-11-01

    The aim of this study was to translate into Spanish and to validate the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), completed by 420 university students. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the model that best fit the data, both in the total sample and in the male and female subsamples, was the one-factor structure with method effects associated with positively worded items. The results indicated high, positive correlations between self-esteem and the five dimensions of self-concept. The scale showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency and temporal stability over a four-week period. Lastly, gender differences were obtained. These findings support the use of the RSES for the assessment of self-esteem in higher education.

  16. Application of latent variable model in Rosenberg self-esteem scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Shing-On; Wu, Hui-Ping

    2013-01-01

    Latent Variable Models (LVM) are applied to Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Parameter estimations automatically give negative signs hence no recoding is necessary for negatively scored items. Bad items can be located through parameter estimate, item characteristic curves and other measures. Two factors are extracted with one on self-esteem and the other on the degree to take moderate views, with the later not often being covered in previous studies. A goodness-of-fit measure based on two-way margins is used but more works are needed. Results show that scaling provided by models with more formal statistical ground correlated highly with conventional method, which may provide justification for usual practice.

  17. Self-esteem among nursing assistants: reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullen, Tara; Resnick, Barbara

    2013-01-01

    To establish the reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) when used with nursing assistants (NAs). Testing the RSES used baseline data from a randomized controlled trial testing the Res-Care Intervention. Female NAs were recruited from nursing homes (n = 508). Validity testing for the positive and negative subscales of the RSES was based on confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using structural equation modeling and Rasch analysis. Estimates of reliability were based on Rasch analysis and the person separation index. Evidence supports the reliability and validity of the RSES in NAs although we recommend minor revisions to the measure for subsequent use. Establishing reliable and valid measures of self-esteem in NAs will facilitate testing of interventions to strengthen workplace self-esteem, job satisfaction, and retention.

  18. Psychometric evaluation of the general health questionnaire-12 and Rosenberg self-esteem scale in Hungarian and Slovak early adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarkova, M.; Nagyova, I.; Katreniakova, Z.; Geckova, A.M.; Orosova, O.; Middel, B.; van Dijk, J.P.; van den Heuvel, W.

    2006-01-01

    The reliability and factor structure of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (RSE) were evaluated in samples of Hungarian and Slovak early adolescents. The principal component analyses support the two-factor solution for GHQ-12 with subscales

  19. Mean and Covariance Structures Analyses: An Examination of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Adolescents and Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne; Corwyn, Robert Flynn

    2003-01-01

    Examined the cross-age comparability of the widely used Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 414 adolescents and 900 adults in families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children. Found similarities of means in the RSES across groups. (SLD)

  20. Longitudinal Tests of Competing Factor Structures for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Traits, Ephemeral Artifacts, and Stable Response Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Herbert W.; Scalas, L. Francesca; Nagengast, Benjamin

    2010-01-01

    Self-esteem, typically measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), is one of the most widely studied constructs in psychology. Nevertheless, there is broad agreement that a simple unidimensional factor model, consistent with the original design and typical application in applied research, does not provide an adequate explanation of RSE…

  1. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents: A Concurrent Validity Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagborg, Winston J.

    1993-01-01

    Administered Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents to 150 adolescents in grades 8 through 12. Correlational and cross-validation multiple regression analyses found that RSE total score and both its factor scores were strongly related to Global Self-Worth. Females reported significantly lower RSE…

  2. [Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maçola, Ligia; do Vale, Ianê Nogueira; Carmona, Elenice Valentim

    2010-09-01

    The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio-demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations. Pregnant women who had low scores for self-esteem were 60% of all subjects. As for the sociodemographic data, women with fewer years of education presented higher frequency of lower self-esteem scores, which disagrees with other studies. Pregnant women who report having an unplanned pregnancy presented higher prevalence of low self-esteem than those who reported having planned their pregnancy. The lack of support from the partner to look after the baby was also associated to the pregnant women's low self-esteem. Other associations between variables were not statistically significant.

  3. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: a bifactor answer to a two-factor question?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, Michael T; Boduszek, Daniel; Harvey, Séamus A

    2014-01-01

    Despite its long-standing and widespread use, disagreement remains regarding the structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). In particular, concern remains regarding the degree to which the scale assesses self-esteem as a unidimensional or multidimensional (positive and negative self-esteem) construct. Using a sample of 3,862 high school students in the United Kingdom, 4 models were tested: (a) a unidimensional model, (b) a correlated 2-factor model in which the 2 latent variables are represented by positive and negative self-esteem, (c) a hierarchical model, and (d) a bifactor model. The totality of results including item loadings, goodness-of-fit indexes, reliability estimates, and correlations with self-efficacy measures all supported the bifactor model, suggesting that the 2 hypothesized factors are better understood as "grouping" factors rather than as representative of latent constructs. Accordingly, this study supports the unidimensionality of the RSES and the scoring of all 10 items to produce a global self-esteem score.

  4. Bifactor Structure for the Categorical Chinese Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Menglin; Leung, Shing-On

    2016-10-11

    Recently, the bifactor model was suggested for the latent structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The present paper investigates (i) the differences among bifactor, bifactor negative and other models; (ii) the effects of treating data as both categorical vs continuous; (iii) whether a problematic item in the Chinese RSES should be removed; and (iv) whether the final scoring would be affected. With a sample of 1.734 grade 4-6 school pupils in Hong Kong, we used BIC differences in addition to the usual model fit indices, and found that there was strong evidence for using the bifactor model (RMSEA = .052, 90% CI [.043, .062], CFI = .992, TLI = .984 for 9-item RSES categorical). Little difference is found between treating data as categorical or continuous for fit indices, but the factor loading patterns are better in categorical case. Keeping a problematic item has little effect on fit indices, but would lead to unexpected negative loading. The ranking of loadings within positive and negative items across different conditions are the same, which has important effects on scoring. Loadings in the method effects in the bifactor models are all positive (p < .001), which is different from previous research. All models show similar results on scoring, and support the usual simple sum score in most practice.

  5. Psychometric properties of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale in African American single mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Jennifer; Hall, Lynne A

    2009-02-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) Scale is a commonly used measure of global self-esteem, an important element of mental health. The purpose of this cross sectional secondary analysis was to examine the psychometric properties of the scale in a sample of 98 African American single mothers. The RSE Scale showed adequate internal consistency with an alpha coefficient of .83. Two factors that accounted for a total of 54.7% of the variance were extracted. Self-esteem showed a strong negative relationship with both depressive symptoms and negative thinking. This study provides support for the internal consistency of the RSE Scale and partial support for its construct validity in this population. The RSE appears to represent a bidimensional construct of self-esteem for African American women, with the cultural influences of racial esteem and the rejection of negative stereotypes forming a separate and distinct aspect of this concept. The RSE Scale should be used and interpreted with caution in this population given these findings.

  6. Validity and reliability of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-Thai version as compared to the Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piyavhatkul, Nawanant; Aroonpongpaisal, Suwanna; Patjanasoontorn, Niramol; Rongbutsri, Somchit; Maneeganondh, Somchit; Pimpanit, Wijitra

    2011-07-01

    To compare the validity and reliability of the Thai version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale with the Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was translated into Thai and its content-validity checked by bacA translation. The reliability of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale compared with the Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale was ther tested between February and March 2008 on 270 volunteers, including 135 patients with psychiatric illness and 135 normal volunteers. The authors analyzed the internal consistency and factor structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-Thai version and the correlation between it and the Visual Analog Scale. The Cronbach's Alpha for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale-Thai version was 0.849 and the Pearson's correlation between it and the Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale 0.618 (p = 0.01). Two factors, viz, the positively and negatively framea items, from the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-Thai version accounted for 44.04% and 12.10% of the variance, respectively. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-Thai version has acceptable reliability. The Self-Esteem Visual Analog Scale provides an effective measure of self-esteem.

  7. Adaptation, Validation, Reliability and Factorial Equivalence of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Colombian and Spanish Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Lugo, Mayra; Espada, José P; Morales, Alexandra; Marchal-Bertrand, Laurent; Soler, Franklin; Vallejo-Medina, Pablo

    2016-10-14

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is the most widely used instrument to assess self-esteem. In light of the absence of adaptations in Colombia, this study seeks to validate and adapt this scale in the Colombian population, and perform factorial equivalence with the Spanish version. A total of 1,139 seniors (633 Colombians and 506 Spaniards) were evaluated; the individuals answered the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and sexual self-esteem scale. The average score of the items was similar to the questionnaire's theoretical average, and standard deviations were close to one. The psychometric properties of the items are generally adequate with alphas of .83 and .86 and significant (CI = .95) and correlations with the sexual self-esteem scale ranging from .31 and .41. Factorial equivalence was confirmed by means of a structural equation model (CFI = .912 and RMSEA = .079), thus showing a strong level of invariance.

  8. How to improve Kline and Rosenberg's chain-linked model of innovation: building blocks and diagram-based languages

    OpenAIRE

    Micaëlli, Jean-Pierre; Forest, Joelle; Coatanéa, Eric; Medyna, Galina

    2014-01-01

    article accessible aussi en ligne via le lien suivant : www.cairn.info/revue-journal-of-innovation-economics-2014-3-page-59.htm.; International audience; The "hierarchical and linear model of innovation" (HLMI) is often used to describe how innovations are produced. HLMI presents several shortcomings and one possible way of overcoming them is to consider innovations from a system perspective. In order to achieve this, this article uses Kline and Rosenberg's chain-linked model (CLM, 1985) as a...

  9. Morfologia externa de Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot. I. Cabeça e apêndices (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae External morphology of Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot. I. Cabeça e apêndices (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Manuel Saraiva Bizarro

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A detailed study of the morphology of the head of Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914 (Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae adults from both sexes is presented. The material was obtained at the city's plant nursery "Horto Florestal de Curitiba", Paraná, Brazil; mainly by rearing eggs and larvae collected there on Cyphomandra betacea (Canavilles Sendtner, 1845 (Solanaceae. When possible, all the results obtained were compared with those already available in the literature concerning external morphology studies pertinent to other Nymphalidae subfamilies (Brassolinae, Morphinae and Danainae.

  10. Method Effects on an Adaptation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Greek and the Role of Personality Traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelides, Michalis P; Koutsogiorgi, Chrystalla; Panayiotou, Georgia

    2016-01-01

    Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale is a balanced, 10-item scale designed to be unidimensional; however, research has repeatedly shown that its factorial structure is contaminated by method effects due to item wording. Beyond the substantive self-esteem factor, 2 additional factors linked to the positive and negative wording of items have been theoretically specified and empirically supported. Initial evidence has revealed systematic relations of the 2 method factors with variables expressing approach and avoidance motivation. This study assessed the fit of competing confirmatory factor analytic models for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale using data from 2 samples of adult participants in Cyprus. Models that accounted for both positive and negative wording effects via 2 latent method factors had better fit compared to alternative models. Measures of experiential avoidance, social anxiety, and private self-consciousness were associated with the method factors in structural equation models. The findings highlight the need to specify models with wording effects for a more accurate representation of the scale's structure and support the hypothesis of method factors as response styles, which are associated with individual characteristics related to avoidance motivation, behavioral inhibition, and anxiety.

  11. Morfologia externa de Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae. III. Abdome e apêndices External morphology of Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot. III. Abdomen and appendages (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Manuel Saraiva Bizarro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A detailed study of the abdominal external morphology of both sexes of Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914 is presented. The material for this research was obtained at the city's plant nursery "Horto Florestal de Curitiba", Paraná, Brazil; mainly by rearing eggs and larvae collected on Cyphomandra betacea (Canavilles Sendtner, 1845 (Solanaceae. When possible, the results obtained were compared with those already available in the literature concerning other Nymphalidae subfamilies morphology (Brassolinae, Morphinae and Danainae; the most striking feature being the asymmetrical valvae of the male and the length and faint sclerotinization of the third abdominal sternite in both sexes. A resume containing the main morphological differences to other nymphalid subfamillies, found throughout this research concerning head, thorax and abdome, is presented.

  12. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Method Effects, Factorial Structure and Scale Invariance Across Migrant Child and Urban Child Populations in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yang; Zuo, Bin; Wen, Fangfang; Yan, Lei

    2017-01-01

    Using confirmatory factor analyses, this study examined the method effects on a Chinese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 ) in a sample of migrant and urban children in China. In all, 982 children completed the RSES, and 9 models and 9 corresponding variants were specified and tested. The results indicated that the method effects are associated with both positively and negatively worded items and that Item 8 should be treated as a positively worded item. Additionally, the method effects models were invariant across migrant and urban children in China.

  13. Psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: overall and across demographic groups living within the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Samuel J; Blais, Mark A; Gansler, David A; Sandberg, Elisabeth; Bistis, Kimberly; LoCicero, Alice

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to evaluate the scaling assumptions and component structure of and present normative data for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) using a sample of US adults (N = 503), both overall and across demographic subgroups and (b) to provide new data regarding the relationship between the two RSES subcomponents of self-competence (SC) and self-liking (SL), and other demographic and clinical variables. As hypothesized, all psychometric tests supported the underlying structure of the RSES. Overall RSES scores varied significantly across age, racial and ethnic, education, employment status, income, and marital status groups. Furthermore, differences between SC and SL were also found across groups differing in gender, age, employment status, and marital status groups. The implications and limitations of this study are discussed, with an emphasis on clinical relevance.

  14. Computerized and Paper-and-Pencil Versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: A Comparison of Psychometric Features and Respondent Preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vispoel, Walter P.; Boo, Jaeyool; Bleiler, Timothy

    2001-01-01

    Evaluated the characteristics of computerized and paper-and-pencil versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) using scores for 224 college students. Results show that mode of administration has little effect on the psychometric properties of the SES although the computerized version took longer and was preferred by examinees. (SLD)

  15. An examination of the wording effect in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among culturally Chinese people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chia-Huei

    2008-10-01

    Previous psychometric studies of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; 1965) have shown that items with positive and negative words tend to form 2 factors instead of a single factor for global self-esteem. Recent studies using confirmatory factor analysis have indicated that there is an additional method effect behind negatively worded items. However, researchers conducted these studies using Western participants. Because J. L. Farh and B. S. Cheng (1997) suggested that culturally Chinese people tend to exhibit a modesty bias in self-evaluation, especially on positively worded items, researchers may infer that a wording effect of positively worded items would be evident for culturally Chinese people. The author examined the wording effect in the RSES for culturally Chinese people by comparing different confirmatory factor models. The author analyzed data from 2 independent samples of students at the National Taiwan University (ns = 393, 441) and a national sample of juniors recruited from 140 universities and colleges in Taiwan in 2004 (n = 28,862). Results showed that in addition to a global factor for self-esteem, method effects of positively and negatively worded items should also be specified for a model fitting culturally Chinese people.

  16. Investigating the psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale for South African residents of Greater Pretoria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westaway, Margaret S; Jordaan, Esmè R; Tsai, Jennifer

    2015-06-01

    Interviewers administered the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (RSES) to five groups of Black (formal township and informal settlement), White, Indian, and mixed race adult residents of Greater Pretoria. The results demonstrated that the RSES was psychometrically sound for the five groups. The minimal effects of sociodemographic characteristics on global self-esteem showed that the RSES and its two dimensions, self-competence (SC) and self-liking (SL), were suitable in this setting. All five groups scored above the theoretical midpoint of the RSES, indicating that generally positive self-evaluations appear to be universal. The relationships between positively and negatively worded items, SC, and SL attested to the following: internal structure reliability, congruence between positive and negative items, no negative biases in response, and concordance between SC and SL dimensions. The significant differences between informal settlement residents and the other four groups on global self-esteem, positively and negatively worded items, and SC and SL were possibly due to physiological needs taking precedence over higher order needs. © The Author(s) 2013.

  17. Liivid eesti kultuuriloos (I - II) / Viive Kaljula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljula, Viive

    2008-01-01

    Liividest kui väikerahva ühe perekonna väljarabelemisest teoorjuse pimedusest, ennekõike aga eneseharimisest kõigi takistuste kiuste, samuti üldsuse kasvatamisest inimlikest ideaalidest lähtudes

  18. A comparison of reliability and construct validity between the original and revised versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongpakaran, Tinakon; Tinakon, Wongpakaran; Wongpakaran, Nahathai; Nahathai, Wongpakaran

    2012-03-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) is a widely used instrument that has been tested for reliability and validity in many settings; however, some negative-worded items appear to have caused it to reveal low reliability in a number of studies. In this study, we revised one negative item that had previously (from the previous studies) produced the worst outcome in terms of the structure of the scale, then re-analyzed the new version for its reliability and construct validity, comparing it to the original version with respect to fit indices. In total, 851 students from Chiang Mai University (mean age: 19.51±1.7, 57% of whom were female), participated in this study. Of these, 664 students completed the Thai version of the original RSES - containing five positively worded and five negatively worded items, while 187 students used the revised version containing six positively worded and four negatively worded items. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied, using a uni-dimensional model with method effects and a correlated uniqueness approach. The revised version showed the same level of reliability (good) as the original, but yielded a better model fit. The revised RSES demonstrated excellent fit statistics, with χ²=29.19 (df=19, n=187, p=0.063), GFI=0.970, TFI=0.969, NFI=0.964, CFI=0.987, SRMR=0.040 and RMSEA=0.054. The revised version of the Thai RSES demonstrated an equivalent level of reliability but a better construct validity when compared to the original.

  19. Nimetage mõned suuremad nõmedused, mida üks ülemus teha saab? / Kairi Ütsmüts, Allan Rosenberg, Katriin Jüriska ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Swedbank Eesti infotehnoloogia projektijuht Kairi Ütsmüts, Aspiro Eesti müügijuht Allan Rosenberg, Uuskasutuskeskuse tegevjuht Katriin Jüriska, Tele2 toote- ja turundusjuht Reilika Ilp, GrabCAD'i omanik ja insener Indrek Narusk ning turismifirma Estfly omanik Vahur Mäe

  20. Extending Structural Analyses of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale to Consider Criterion-Related Validity: Can Composite Self-Esteem Scores Be Good Enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnellan, M Brent; Ackerman, Robert A; Brecheen, Courtney

    2016-01-01

    Although the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) is the most widely used measure of global self-esteem in the literature, there are ongoing disagreements about its factor structure. This methodological debate informs how the measure should be used in substantive research. Using a sample of 1,127 college students, we test the overall fit of previously specified models for the RSES, including a newly proposed bifactor solution (McKay, Boduszek, & Harvey, 2014 ). We extend previous work by evaluating how various latent factors from these structural models are related to a set of criterion variables frequently studied in the self-esteem literature. A strict unidimensional model poorly fit the data, whereas models that accounted for correlations between negatively and positively keyed items tended to fit better. However, global factors from viable structural models had similar levels of association with criterion variables and with the pattern of results obtained with a composite global self-esteem variable calculated from observed scores. Thus, we did not find compelling evidence that different structural models had substantive implications, thereby reducing (but not eliminating) concerns about the integrity of the self-esteem literature based on overall composite scores for the RSES.

  1. Simultaneous administration of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 53 nations: exploring the universal and culture-specific features of global self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, David P; Allik, Jüri

    2005-10-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) was translated into 28 languages and administered to 16,998 participants across 53 nations. The RSES factor structure was largely invariant across nations. RSES scores correlated with neuroticism, extraversion, and romantic attachment styles within nearly all nations, providing additional support for cross-cultural equivalence of the RSES. All nations scored above the theoretical midpoint of the RSES, indicating generally positive self-evaluation may be culturally universal. Individual differences in self-esteem were variable across cultures, with a neutral response bias prevalent in more collectivist cultures. Self-competence and self-liking subscales of the RSES varied with cultural individualism. Although positively and negatively worded items of the RSES were correlated within cultures and were uniformly related to external personality variables, differences between aggregates of positive and negative items were smaller in developed nations. Because negatively worded items were interpreted differently across nations, direct cross-cultural comparisons using the RSES may have limited value.

  2. Original article Construct validity, dimensionality and factorial invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: a bifactor modelling approach among children of prisoners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Sharratt

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES has traditionally been conceptualised as a unidimensional measure of self-esteem, but empirical evidence is equivocal, with some studies supporting a one-factor solution and others favouring multidimensional models. Participants and procedure The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure, factorial invariance and composite reliability of the RSES within a European sample of children affected by parental imprisonment (N = 724. The study specified and tested six alternative factor models using conventional confirmatory factor analytic (CFA techniques and a confirmatory bifactor modelling approach. Results The RSES was most effectively represented by a bifactor model including a general self-esteem factor comprising all ten scale items and separate method effects for the positively and negatively phrased items. This model was found to be factorially invariant among boys and girls. Composite reliability indicated good internal consistency for the general self-esteem dimension but slightly less so for the positive and negative method effects. Conclusions It follows that the calculation of a total RSES score is appropriate for children of prisoners, providing that the presence of method effects is taken into consideration to avoid giving rise to false interpretations. This study demonstrated the application of a bifactorial modeling approach as a potential solution.

  3. Neural Correlates of Biased Responses: The Negative Method Effect in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Is Associated with Right Amygdala Volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yinan; Kong, Feng; Huang, Lijie; Liu, Jia

    2016-10-01

    Self-esteem is a widely studied construct in psychology that is typically measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). However, a series of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have suggested that a simple and widely used unidimensional factor model does not provide an adequate explanation of RSES responses due to method effects. To identify the neural correlates of the method effect, we sought to determine whether and how method effects were associated with the RSES and investigate the neural basis of these effects. Two hundred and eighty Chinese college students (130 males; mean age = 22.64 years) completed the RSES and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Behaviorally, method effects were linked to both positively and negatively worded items in the RSES. Neurally, the right amygdala volume negatively correlated with the negative method factor, while the hippocampal volume positively correlated with the general self-esteem factor in the RSES. The neural dissociation between the general self-esteem factor and negative method factor suggests that there are different neural mechanisms underlying them. The amygdala is involved in modulating negative affectivity; therefore, the current study sheds light on the nature of method effects that are related to self-report with a mix of positively and negatively worded items. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Avaliação da autoestima de gestantes com uso da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg Evaluación de la autoestima de gestantes con uso de la escala de autoestima de Rosemberg Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Maçola

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo descritivo e transversal foi avaliar a autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas em programa de pré-natal de um hospital público de ensino. Os dados foram colhidos usando-se a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; a autoestima insatisfatória foi relacionada a variáveis sócio-demográficas, de saúde da gestante e da presença ou não de sistemas de apoio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e análise univariada, buscando possíveis associações. As gestantes com autoestima insatisfatória totalizaram 60% da amostra. Em relação aos dados sócio-demográficos, as mulheres com menor escolaridade apresentaram maior frequência de escores de autoestima insatisfatória, divergindo de resultados de outros estudos. As gestantes que referiram gestação não planejada apresentaram maior prevalência de autoestima insatisfatória do que aquelas que referiram tê-la planejado. A ausência de apoio do parceiro para cuidar do filho após seu nascimento também esteve associada a menor autoestima nas grávidas. Não foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas para as demais variáveis estudadas.El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo y transversal fue evaluar la autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas en el programa prenatal de un hospital público de enseñanza. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; la autoestima insatisfactoria se relacionó con variables socio-demográficas, de salud de la gestante y de la existencia o no de sistemas de apoyo. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo y a análisis univariado, buscando posibles asociaciones. Las gestantes con autoestima insatisfactoria totalizaron el 60 % de la muestra. En relación a los datos socio-demográficos, las mujeres con menor escolarización presentaron mayor frecuencia de puntajes de autoestima insatisfactoria, divergiendo de resultados de otros estudios. Las

  5. Rapla debatil räägiti tervishoiust / Kristiina Viiron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiron, Kristiina, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Raplas toimunud valimiseelne erakondade debatt, kus võtsid sõna: Toomas Vilosius - Reformierakond, Tiit Toomsalu - ESDTP, Taavi Veskimägi - Res Publica, Arvo Sirendi - ERL, Kalle Talviste - Keskerakond, Ülo Vooglaid - Res Publica, Viive Rosenberg - Keskerakond, Jaak Herodes - Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad, Tõnis Blank - ERL, Andres Tarand - Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad, Tunne Kelam - Isamaaliit, Kaul Nurm - ERL

  6. Kuis saada läbi Siirita? / Mari-Ann Kelam, Erika Salumäe, Sirje Endre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelam, Mari-Ann, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Riigikogu uude juhatusse ei kuulu ühtegi naist : Keskerakond valis Siiri Oviiri asemele Riigikogu aseesimehe kohale Peeter Kreitzbergi. Naiste osalemisvõimalust poliitikas kommenteerivad Riigikogu naisliikmed Mari-Ann Kelam, Erika Salumäe, Sirje Endre, Jaana Padrik, Viive Rosenberg, Mai Treial, Ivi Eenmaa, Liis Klaar, Liia Hänni, Laine Tarvis

  7. Tallinna III rahvusvaheline illustratsioonitriennaal (TIT 2009) / Viive Noor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noor, Viive, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna illustratsioonitriennaal "Pildi jõud" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Eksponeeritakse 65 kunstniku originaalillustratsioone kümnest Läänemereäärsest riigist. Taani kunstniku Lilian Broeggeri näitus Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuse galeriis. Soome illustraatori Hannu Taina näitus Soome Instituudis

  8. Ilu: ülendav, paheline, hirmutav / Jaan Ruus, Viive Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2015-01-01

    Vastukaja Aurelia Aasa arvustusele ("Idülliline lugu kahetsusest ja igatsusest", Sirp, 9. okt., 2015) filmile "Noorus", režissöör ja stsenarist Paolo Sorrentino. "Noorus" kui järg filmile "Kohutav ilu"

  9. Self-esteem in adolescent patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during open-label atomoxetine treatment: psychometric evaluation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and clinical findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittmann, Ralf W; Wehmeier, Peter M; Schacht, Alexander; Lehmann, Martin; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

    2009-12-01

    To report on (1) psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) studied in adolescents with ADHD, (2) correlations of SES with ADHD scale scores, and (3) change in patient-reported self-esteem with atomoxetine treatment. ADHD patients (12-17 years), treated in an open-label study for 24 weeks. Secondary analyses on ADHD symptoms (assessed with ADHD-RS, CGI, GIPD scales) and self-esteem (SES) were performed. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated. A dichotomous structure of the SES could be confirmed. Reliability and internal consistency were moderate to excellent. Highest coefficients were found for the correlation between SES and GIPD scores. Self-esteem significantly increased over time, accompanied by an improvement of ADHD symptoms and related perceived difficulties. The Rosenberg SES was shown to be internally consistent, reliable, and sensitive to treatment-related changes of self-esteem. According to these findings, self-esteem may be an important individual patient outcome beyond the core symptoms of ADHD. © The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com

  10. "Jazzkaar" toob NATO Pärnusse / Simmu Vasar ; interv. Kaupo Meiel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasar, Simmu

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu Belgias elava ja NATO Big Bandis mängiva eesti trompetist Simmu Vasaraga. Jazzkaare ajaloost ja üritustest: läti vokaalansambli Cosmos kontserdist 24. apr. Endla teatris, Jazzkaare avakontsert-ballist 26. apr. Pärnu kontserdimajas NATO Big Bandi ja Eesti Muusikaakadeemia Big Bandiga (solistid Kaire Vilgats ja Liina Saar)

  11. Is the Bifactor Model a Better Model or Is It Just Better at Modeling Implausible Responses? Application of Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares to the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reise, Steven P; Kim, Dale S; Mansolf, Maxwell; Widaman, Keith F

    2016-01-01

    Although the structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has been exhaustively evaluated, questions regarding dimensionality and direction of wording effects continue to be debated. To shed new light on these issues, we ask (a) for what percentage of individuals is a unidimensional model adequate, (b) what additional percentage of individuals can be modeled with multidimensional specifications, and (c) what percentage of individuals respond so inconsistently that they cannot be well modeled? To estimate these percentages, we applied iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) to examine the structure of the RSES in a large, publicly available data set. A distance measure, ds, reflecting a distance between a response pattern and an estimated model, was used for case weighting. We found that a bifactor model provided the best overall model fit, with one general factor and two wording-related group factors. However, on the basis of dr values, a distance measure based on individual residuals, we concluded that approximately 86% of cases were adequately modeled through a unidimensional structure, and only an additional 3% required a bifactor model. Roughly 11% of cases were judged as "unmodelable" due to their significant residuals in all models considered. Finally, analysis of ds revealed that some, but not all, of the superior fit of the bifactor model is owed to that model's ability to better accommodate implausible and possibly invalid response patterns, and not necessarily because it better accounts for the effects of direction of wording.

  12. Mida poliitikud lubavad teha, et sünniks rohkem lapsi / Kristiina Viiron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiron, Kristiina, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Ajalehe Nädaline korraldatud erakondade poliitiline debatt, kus võtsid sõna: Agu Laius - Isamaaliit, Liina Tõnisson - Keskerakond, Henn Pärn - Res Publica, Tiit Hiiemaa - ERL, Harri Õunapuu - Keskerakond, Taavi Veskimägi - Res Publica, Andres Tarand - Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad, Kaul Nurm - Isamaaliit, Jaana Padrik - Isamaaliit, Tiit Tammsaar - ERL, Anne Vahemäe - Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad, Viive Rosenberg - Keskerakond

  13. Avoiding the Portuguese Trap / Christoph B. Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Christoph B.

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 5. märts lk. 29, Äripäev 7. märts lk. 39. IMFi ja Eesti Panga soovitused õigeks poliitikaks, et vältida Portugali ja Aasia majanduse saatust ning võimaldada Eesti majanduse pehmet maandumist

  14. Bunge-aegne Tartu / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Varem ilmunud kogumikus Tundmatu Friedrich Georg von Bunge : materjale Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi konverentsilt "200 aastat prof. Friedrich Georg von Bunge (1802-1897) sünnist" Tartu Ülikooli Ajaloo Muuseumis 27. aprillil 2002 : [baltisaksa õigusteadlane ja -ajaloolane]. Tartu, 2006

  15. Viiv: sügis 1963-1973 : Viivi Luige luule jaapanlikkus / Külliki Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Külliki, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Viivi Luige luulekogude "Taevaste tuul" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1966), "Lauludemüüja" (Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1968) ja "Hääl" (Tallinn : Perioodika, 1968) poeetikast. Uku Masingu ja Viivi Luige seotusest, jaapani luule mõjudest Viivi Luige loomingule

  16. Saksa kolonistid Baltikumis 18.-20. sajandil / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Esimene püsivam saksa talupoegade asundus tekkis Liivimaal Võnnu (Cesise) maakonnas 18. sajandi keskel. Suurem saksa põllutööliste laine jõudis Liivimaale 1860. aastate algul. Esimese maailmasõja eelsetel aastatel tõid mõisnikud Venemaa saksa kolooniatest Eestisse ligikaudu 400 saksa peret

  17. Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse tööd / Raul Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Raul, 1961-

    2005-01-01

    Vastukaja Toomas Mattsoni artiklile "Laenumiljonid tuulte meelevallas" 3. märtsi Maalehes lk. 10, kus räägiti Riigikontrolli aruandest Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse kaudu maaelu ja ettevõtluse edendamiseks antud laenude kohta. Sihtasutuse tegevusest maapiirkondade majandusliku arengu toetamisel

  18. Kultuuriajalooline suurteos lätlastelt / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    1998-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Valdemars, Krishjanis. Lietishka un privata sarakste : Divos sejumos. 1. sejums : Krishjana Valdemara vestules. Riga, 1997. Läti rahvusliku liikumise suurkuju K. Valdemarsi (1825-1891) kirjad

  19. Häda oskustöölistega / Raul Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Raul, 1961-

    2004-01-01

    Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse juhatuse liige räägib maaelu arengust 2004. a. Diagrammid: Keskmine bruto-kuupalk III kvartalis; Keskmine palk III kvartalis 2003-2004. Tabel: Registreeritud töötud 2003-2004

  20. Bulgarian Standardization of Morris Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Margarita Dilova; Eva Papazova; Metodi Koralov

    2017-01-01

    ...Research Articles БЪЛГАРСКА СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИЯ НА СКАЛАТА ЗА СЕБЕОЦЕНКА НА МОРИС РОЗЕНБЕРГ Bulgarian Standardization of Morris Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale...

  1. Eesti õigusajaloolaste töömailt / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    1995-01-01

    Arvustused raamatutele: Ylikangas, Heikki. Miks õigus muutub? Tartu, 1993 ; Letto-Vanamo, Pia. Soome õigusajaloo põhijooned. Tartu, 1993 ; Anners, Erik. Euroopa õiguse ajalugu. Tartu, 1995 ; Tammelo, Ilmar. Varased tööd. Tartu, 1993 ; Luts, Marju. Friedrich Carl von Savigny meetodi- ja süsteemiõpetus. Tartu, 1994

  2. Agraareliidist Baltikumis 19. sajandil : ülevaade uurimiseisust / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Ettekanne konverentsil "Bauern und Adel im Prozess der Modernisierung Agrarische Elitern om Ostelbischen Deutschland, Nordosteuropa im 19. Jahrhundert" Marburgis J. G. Herderi Instituudis 16. 07. 1999

  3. Õpetajate tööga rahulolu, enesetõhusus ja klassikliima kui soodsa õpikeskkonna näitajad / Viive-Riina Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Viive, 1936-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade OECD rahvusvahelise õpetamise ja õppimise võrdlusuuringu (TALIS) andmetest Eesti õpetajate rahulolu ja enesetõhususe kohta rahvusvahelises võrdluses ning rahulolu kohta oma positsiooniga Eesti ühiskonnas

  4. Kiriku maaomand ja maakasutus Eestis 19. sajandil ja 20. sajandi algul / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Evangeelse luteriusu kiriku maaomandist Eestis, kirikumaade õiguslikust alusest, suurusest ja struktuurist, kirikumõisate pidamisest, õigeusu kiriku maadest. Kiriku maavaldus oli kujunenud ajalooliselt ja oli Eesti ulatuses piirkonniti suuresti erinev

  5. Õpetatud Eesti Selts 1988-1991 : [Ülevaade koosolekutest] / Tiit Rosenberg, Maris Pruuli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    1995-01-01

    Lisa: Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi taasasutamise ürik : [26 apr. 1988]. Allakirjutanute hulgas Paul Ariste, Eduard Laugaste, Leo Metsar, Aino Põldmäe, Harald Peep, Juhan Peegel, Imbi Pelkonen, Heno Sarv, Arne Merilai, Margus Kasterpalu, Heli Laanekask, Eva Aaver, Paul Hagu, Hando Runnel

  6. Analysis of Usage Trends of Social Media and Self-Esteem by the Rosenberg Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanoh, Hiroko

    2016-01-01

    The spread of SNS has changed communications between people to a great extent. For them it is a place their hearts can rely on and where they can hang out, a place for self-approval, for self-expression and a place where the other person listens to their dissatisfaction and discontent. At the beginning people are interested in knowing what…

  7. Die Stadt Walk/Valga im ersten Viertel des 19. Jahrhunderts / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Valga asendist ja piiridest, linnaehitistest, elanikkonnast, käsitööst ja kaubandusest, linnakorraldusest ja linnamajandusest. Linna võlgadest, kohustustest ja koormistest. Valga Maamõõdu- ja Revisjonikomisjonist, koolidest ja seltskondlikust elust

  8. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: translation and validation in university students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martín-Albo, José; Núñiez, Juan L; Navarro, José G; Grijalvo, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    ...), completed by 420 university students. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the model that best fit the data, both in the total sample and in the male and female subsamples, was the one-factor structure with method effects...

  9. Die russische baltische Historiographie in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. und zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2005-01-01

    Vene balti historiograafiast 19. sajandi teisel poolel ja 20. saj. algul. Evgraf Tsheshihhin, Joann Jürgens, Georgi Forsten, Vassili Blagoveshtshenski, Stepan Sivitski, Vassili Ivanov, Aleksandr Nevzorov, Aleksandr Brückner, Anton Budilovitsh, Aleksandr Tshumikov, Ivan Lutshitski, Konstantin Vojenski jt.

  10. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  11. Aktuaalseid probleeme töölepingu lõpetamisel koondamise tõttu ja tagatised töötajatele : [bakalaureusetöö] / Liis Tamm ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Viive Tammik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Liis

    2004-01-01

    Tööõiguse olemus ja põhimõisted, töölepingu lõpetamine tööandja algatusel koondamise korral Eestis ja Norras, peamised tagatised töötajate koondamisel Eestis kehtivas seaduses ja seaduse eelnõus

  12. Töölepingu tähtaeg töösuhete stabiilsuse printsiibina : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kristiina Jõgi ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Mare Merimaa, assistent: Viive Tammik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Töölepingu tähtaja määratlemine Eesti NSV Töökoodeks perioodil ja tööõiguse printsiibid, töölepingu tähtaja määratlemine Eestis ning võrdlus naaberriikidega (Läti, Leedu, Venemaa), töölepingu tähtaja määratluse kujunemine seoses Eesti kuulumisega Euroopa Liitu

  13. ECONOMY AND ENVIRONMENT OF THE GREEK COLONIAL SYSTEM IN SOUTHERN ITALY: POLLEN AND NPPS EVIDENCE OF GRAZING FROM THE RURAL SITE OF FATTORIA FABRIZIO (VI-IV CENT. BC; METAPONTO, BASILICATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Florenzano

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a study case showing integrated analyses of microscopic records from an archaeological site of southern Italy. Pollen and non pollen palynomorphs-NPPs were found in archaeological layers and were basic in reconstructing both the past environment and the economic activities of the site. The site, Fattoria Fabrizio, is a modest 4th-cenury BC farmhouse of the chora (rural territory of the Greek city (polis of Metaponto (Basilicata. Pollen analyses in addition to the study of NPPs have been particularly worthwhile for palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomical reconstructions of this site and others in the chora. The pollen spectra delineate an open plant landscape, with scanty woodlands and presence of local wet environments. Olea pollen is fairly well represented in all samples, suggesting that this tree was an important element of the agricultural economy of the chora. Shrubby grasslands and a well-developed maquis characterized the territory, probably as result of grazing activities by sheep and goats. Accordingly, the high percentages of Poaceae and Cichorieae pollen, together with coprophilous fungal spores (such as Sordaria type and Sporormiella type, suggest that pastoral activities were widely practiced. The low number of Cerealia pollen grains suggests that the inhabitants’ fields covered small areas or were quite far from the farmhouse.  

  14. Tööandja vastutus ja õiguslikud probleemid töölepingu lõpetamisel : [magistritöö] / Viive Tammik ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Igor Gräzin, konsultant: Mare Merimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammik, Viive

    2003-01-01

    Tööõigussuhte olemus ja töölepingu pooled, tööandja vastutus ja õiguslikud probleemid töölepingu lõpetamisel tööandja algatusel, võrdlus Soome ja Prantsusmaaga, tööseadusandluse muudatused seoses Euroopa Liitu minekuga

  15. Nagu kaks tilka vett

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Valie Export Society poolt valitud tekst noore eesti kunsti kohta 1980. aastate ajalehtedest "Sirp ja Vasar" ning 2006. a. Tallinnas Kaasaegse Kunsti Eesti Keskuse poolt väljaantud artiklikogumikust "Uue nimetaja otsinguid aastal 2000+n : lisandusi eesti kunstiloole"

  16. Lossikeldri tegus sisu / Kristel Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Kristel, 1967-

    2012-01-01

    Ettevõtlikud naised Leelo Eha ja Piret Kukk avasid Alatskivi lossi keldris tekstiilikoja. Savikoja perenaine on Anne Vasar. Lossikülastajatel on palju vaadata, võimalus õppida ja nägusaid esemeid osta

  17. Kristjan Järvi juhatab Pärdi maailmaesiettekannet Viinis / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2008-01-01

    Arvo Pärdi teose "Stabat Mater" segakoori- ja keelpilliorkestriversiooni maailmaesiettekandest 12. juunil Viinis ja dirigent Kristjan Järvi tegemistest. Bariton Lauri Vasar laulmas Hans Werner Henze ooperis "Phaedra" Berliinis, Brüsselis ja Viinis

  18. Muusika : Kremer tuleb üllatama. Bartokiga Pariisis. Raimo Kangro CD kiitvad arvustused. Festivalikorraldajad ühendavad jõud. EOÜ kolmas tegevusaasta. Jüri Pärg 50 aastat laval. Harri Vasar 75. Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Tartus ja Tallinnas annab kontserte Gidon Kremer ja tema orkester Kremerata Baltica. 30.XI toimus Pariisis Liszti saalis HonEst Quintette debüütkontsert, kus kanti ette Bela Bartoki kammerloomingut. Saksa muusikaajakirjad Fono Forum ning Piano News arvustavad Raimo Kangro hiljuti välja antud CDd. 11.XII kohtusid kultuuriministeeriumis süvamuusikafestivalide korraldajad. 7.XII tuli EMA orelisaalis kokku Eesti Orelisõprade Ühingu aastakoosolek, juhatuse esimees A.-P. Lattik. Jüri Pärg märkis soolokontserdiga 25.XII Estonia talveaias oma 70. sünnipäeva ja 50 lava-aastat. Estonia talveaias meenutatukse Harri Vasarat, kes saanuks 75. aastaseks. 15.XII antakse TÜ aulas traditsioonilisel jõulukontserdil üle tänavused Gustav Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid.

  19. Incognito efektne nägu / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2003-01-01

    Incognito sisustuskauplusest Magistrali keskuses Tallinnas. Incognito mööblisarja disainis Jan Joonas Graps, linase kanga ning esemed sellest on kujundanud Viive Küttner, Estoplasti valgustid on kujundanud Tarmo Luisk

  20. Helilooja sõnateatris / Mari Amor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amor, Mari, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Helilooja loodud originaalmuusika kasutamisest eesti sõnateatris, koostööst lavastajaga. Sõnalavastuste muusikalisest kujundusest avaldavad arvamust ka Viive Ernesaks, Ardo Ran Varres, Olav Ehala, Eino Tamberg, Mati Unt ja Rein Agur

  1. Ilmus põhjalik raamat intellektuaalsest omandist / Pirjo Ant, Kairi Kurisoo ; intervjueerinud Mari Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ant, Pirjo

    2009-01-01

    Autorid räägivad intellektuaalsest omandist ja oma raamatust: Kurisoo, Kairi ; Kaur, Viive ; Ant, Pirjo. Intellektuaalne omand. Tallinn : Äripäeva Kirjastus, 2009. (Juht ja seadus. Äripäeva raamat)

  2. الأبعاد الجمالية للشكل الهندسي في الفن البصري فازاريللي... انموذجا Dimensions aesthetic for the geometric shape in visual art Vasarely as a model ...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Khudair Hussein alhassant حامد خضير حسين الحسنات

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Artwork Filled ample space in the thinking of man, being a means of knowledge and image of social activity and an important aspect of social life, a honest mirror reflect human life and society in every time and place, and is an art speech creative in various spheres of life, Art is the man does not inseparable, since there is no art without man, just as a man with no art. (Attia, 1985, p 15 So ancient human do artwork in various types Across from the aesthetic aspect and the emotional and magical and so remained art expresses the traditions and customs of the peoples In addition he holds the contents of the intellectual, cultural and people who neglects such content living in chaos, (Art is the interest of all peoples through production masterpieces. (Fisher, 1982, p 15

  3. Dialog s Miro / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    1999-01-01

    11 kuulsa kunstniku tööde müüginäitusest 'Mir̤ ja tema sõbrad' Tallinnas galeriis Vaal : eksponeeritud on J. Mir̤, P. Picasso, A. Derain, A. Tapies, V. Vasarely jt. Põhiliselt graafika jt. väikesed tööd.

  4. Eesti tippteadlaste panus maailma : päästvad bakterid ja täiustatud elektroonika / koost. Jüri Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Jüri Allik lappas maailma suurimat teaduskirjanduse andmebaasi ISI Web of Science. Enimviidatud Eesti teadlased on: Jaan Aarik, Jaak Jürimäe, Mati Karelson, Marco Kirm, Eero Vasar, Mihkel Zilmer, Ülo Niinemets, Kaupo Kukli, Enn Lust

  5. Dokumentation 2009 / 2010

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Saksamaa ja Austria ooperiteatrites töötavad muusikud: Bremer Theater'is dirigent Tarmo Vaask, Flensburg Musiktheater der Schleswig-Holsteinishen Landestheater'is dirigent Mihkel Kütson ja laulja Mati Turi, Hamburgische Staatsoper'is laulja Lauri Vasar, Theater Magdeburg'is dirigent Anu Tali, Wiener Staatsoperis laulja Ain Anger, Volksoper Wien'is laulja Annely Peebo

  6. Concordia Klar, SV kunstipreemia laureaat / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2011-01-01

    1984. aasta kevadnäitusele esitatud Concordia Klari vabagraafilistest lehtedest ja illustratsioonide sarjast Jaan Krossi romaanile "Kolme katku vahel" pealkirjaga "Tallinn ja aeg", millega ta pälvis Vilniuses Baltimaade raamatukunsti triennaalil peapreemia ning ajalehe "Sirp ja Vasar" kunstipreemia

  7. Diferenças no Funcionamento Emocional, Comportamental e Social (Roberts Apperception Test for Children) e na Autoestima (Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale) entre Jovens Institucionalizados e Não Institucionalizados

    OpenAIRE

    Canais, João Carlos Pato; Marques, Mariana (Orientadora)

    2012-01-01

    Objetivos: A institucionalização é, habitualmente, um momento gerador de sentimentos negativos, tais como a perda e o abandono, fragilizando os jovens envolvidos neste processo e, eventualmente, condicionando o seu funcionamento emocional, comportamental e social. O nosso estudo tem como objetivos: 1) verificar a existência de diferenças entre uma amostra de jovens institucionalizados e uma amostra de jovens não institucionalizados nas dimensões de um instrumento que avalia o funcionamento so...

  8. Hubertus zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (1906-1984) et Karl zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1904-1990) : deux aristocrates entre tradition et modernité, quelques pistes de réflexion.

    OpenAIRE

    Reytier, Marie-Emmanuelle

    2008-01-01

    International audience; Im Jahr 1933 trat Karl zu Löwenstein in die SA ein, während Hubertus zu Löwenstein emigrierte und versuchte, die internationale Öffentlichkeit vor dem deutschen Nationalsozialismus zu warnen. 1948 übernahm Karl die Leitung der Katholikentage. Hubertus hingegen gelang es nicht, in der Politik Fuß zu fassen. Wie lässt sich erklären, dass Karl eine der einflussreichsten Persönlichkeiten der Bundesrepublik war und der Republikaner Hubertus gleichzeitig ein Außenseiter blie...

  9. Optimization of an extraordinary magnetoresistance sensor in the semiconductor-metal hybrid structure

    KAUST Repository

    Sun, Jian

    2010-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show by numerical computation how geometric parameters influence the Extraordinary Magnetoresistance (EMR) effect in an InAs-Au hybrid device. Symmetric IVVI and VIIV configurations were considered. The results show that the width and the length-width ratio of InAs are important geometrical parameters for the EMR effect along with the placement of the leads. Approximately the same EMR effect was obtained for both IVVI and VIIV configurations when the applied magnetic field ranged from -1T to 1T. In an optimized geometry the EMR effect can reach 43000% at 1Tesla for IVVI and 42700% at 1 Tesla for the VIIV configuration. ©2010 IEEE.

  10. Silmakirjalik aastasada / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2006-01-01

    Tutvustus: Hyvärinen, Pekka. Soome mees : Urho Kekkose elu / tlk. Tauno Vahter. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Tuchman, Barbara W. Augustikahurid / tlk. Armand Tungal ja Tõnis Värnik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Ernesaks, Viive. Viiv. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Kiik, Heino. Leida ennast : 1954-1963. Viies raamat. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Lotman, Juri. Vestlusi vene kultuurist : Vene aadli argielu ja traditsioonid 18. sajandil ja 19. sajandi algul. 2 / [tõlkinud Kajar Pruul]. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Lotman, Mihhail. Pistriku talvekarje : esseid Joseph Brodsky poeetikast ja surmast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2005

  11. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2011-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid mujalt maailmast: Arvo Pärt pälvis Prantsusmaa Auleegioni ordeni. Ajakirja Gramophone auhinnad. Daniel Barenboim La Scala muusikajuhiks. Ferenc Liszt 200. Moskva Suur Teater taas avatud. Janaceki ooperiteatrit Brnos ähvardab sulgemine. Mark Gorenstein vahetab välja Vladimir Jurowski. Viini sümfooniaorkester avalikustas järgmise peadirigendi. Anna Netrebko tühistas Carnegie Halli kontserdi. Lauri Vasar edukas Euroopa ooperilavadel jm.

  12. Rõuge park on üks ilusamaid Võrumaal / Ivi Kaarna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaarna, Ivi

    2007-01-01

    Inglise vabastiilis Rõuge pargist, mille 1895-1898 rajas mõisnik Samson von Himmelstjerna. Pargis on Tiiu Kirsipuu skulptuur "Kaarnakivi". Pargi korrastamisprojekti tegi Reti Randoja-Muts. Kommentaarid pargi ja säilinud hoonete kohta Jaan Allaselt. Illustratsioon: Viive Kuksi "Rõuge park"

  13. Viivi Luige "Salamaja piiri" mõistatus / Tiina Kirss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Tiina, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Viivi Luige jutustusest "Salamaja piir" (Tallinn : Perioodika, 1974) ja selle kokkupuudetest austria kirjaniku Gustab Meyrinki romaaniga "Golem" (Tartus : Loodus, 1930) ning prantslase Nathalie Sarraute'i romaaniga "Kas te kuulete neid?" (Tallinn : Perioodika, 1973). Sisaldab lõike Viive Luige jutustusest "Salamaja piir"

  14. Lastekirjanduse keskuses on vaadata kaks näitust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Avatud on grupinäitus kunstnikelt (Anne Liivamägi-Liiva, Catherine Zarip, Piret ja Jüri Mildeberg, Juss Piho, Viive Noor, Regina Lukk-Toompere, Tiina Reinsalu, Piret Raud, Kristina Reineller, Priit Rea ja Kristjan Allik), kelle illustratsioonid ilmuvad Avita muinasjutukogumikus "Elas kord..." ning Urmas Viigi näitus illustratsioonidest Kerttu Soansi raamatutele

  15. Pildid, mis ei jäta rahule / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Moskva kunstnikeühenduse Gruppa Zavtrak illustratsiooninäitusest, mis on avatud Eesti lastekirjanduse keskuses ja mille korraldajaks Tallinnas on Viive Noor. Vt. ka: Pildid näituselt: 1. Jevgeni Antonenkov: Y: MOrits "Luule", 2. Igor Oleinikov: L. Carrol "Alice Imedemaal", 3. Denis Gordejev: "Beethoven", 4. Victoria Fomina: W. Shakespeare "Suveöö unenägu"

  16. Kui euro saab saatuslikuks / Paul Krugman ; tõlkinud Priit Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krugman, Paul, 1953-

    2010-01-01

    USA majandusprofessori hinnangul ei ole eelarvedistsipliin Euroopa hädade kogu põhjus, ka mitte Kreekas. Tegelik põhjus peitub poliitilises eliidis, mis survestas Euroopat eurole üle minema oluliselt varem, kui Euroopa selliseks katsetuseks valmis oli. Kriisi keskmes asetseb euro paindumatus, mitte eelarvedefitsiidini viiv kulutamine

  17. Raamatud Piret Raualt ja Leelo Tunglalt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Raud, Piret. Ernesto küülikud / autori illustratsioonid. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2004 ; Tungal, Leelo. Väike jõulusoov : jõulusalme väikestele ja suurtele / joonistanud Viive Noor. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2004

  18. 95 päeva sõjatandril, päevik tagataskus / Leo Kunnas ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kunnas, Leo, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Kolonelleitnant Leo Kunnas räägib Iraagi sissisõjast ja oma raamatust "Viiv pikas sõjas. Märkmeid Iraagi sõjast", mis põhineb tema Iraagi-kogemustel. Vt. samas: Sõda, kus eestlane on sisside vastu

  19. Ilus lasteraamat kunstniku, kirjastaja ja trükikoja koostöös / interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    I rahvusvaheline Tallinna illustratsioonitriennaal "Pildi jõud" (korraldajad Kersti Tiik, Viive Noor) rahvusraamatukogus, raamatukunsti väljapanek "Pille-Riin ja digitaal" (korraldaja Urmas Viik) Ku-Ku klubis ja kohvikus. Eesti ja taani lasteraamatu kujundusest, triennaalist (grand prix - Harald Nordberg, diplom - Jüri Mildeberg). Eve Kask lasteraamatute illustratsioonide triennaali vajadusest

  20. Kunstigaleriist pART on võimalik tellida näitust tutvustavaid loenguid / Ülle Lätte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lätte, Ülle, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    Kunstigalerii pART näitusel "Nad rõõmustavad meid" eksponeeritakse Põltsamaalt pärit kunstnike Tiit Pääsukese, Peeter Alliku, Toivo Raidmetsa, Viive Väljaotsa, Mare Tralla, Ave Nahkuri, Peep Pedmansoni loomingut

  1. Commentary on: "Clonal evolution of chemotherapy-resistant urothelial carcinoma." Faltas BM, Prandi D, Tagawa ST, Molina AM, Nanus DM, Sternberg C, Rosenberg J, Mosquera JM, Robinson B, Elemento O, Sboner A, Beltran H, Demichelis F, Rubin MA.: Nat Genet. 2016 Oct 17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3692.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Byron H

    2017-09-01

    Chemotherapy-resistant urothelial carcinoma has no uniformly curative therapy. Understanding how selective pressure from chemotherapy directs the evolution of urothelial carcinoma and shapes its clonal architecture is a central biological question with clinical implications. To address this question, we performed whole-exome sequencing and clonality analysis of 72 urothelial carcinoma samples, including 16 matched sets of primary and advanced tumors prospectively collected before and after chemotherapy. Our analysis provided several insights that are as follows: (1) chemotherapy-treated urothelial carcinoma is characterized by intrapatient mutational heterogeneity, and most mutations are not shared; (2) both branching evolution and metastatic spread are very early events in the natural history of urothelial carcinoma; (3) chemotherapy-treated urothelial carcinoma is enriched with clonal mutations involving L1 cell-adhesion molecule and integrin signaling pathways; and (4) APOBEC-induced mutagenesis is clonally enriched in chemotherapy-treated urothelial carcinoma and continues to shape the evolution of urothelial carcinoma throughout its lifetime. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Ajaloomuuseumi hoovil laguneb kaitsealune tall / Juhan Mellik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mellik, Juhan

    2010-01-01

    Ajaloomuuseumile kuuluv 19. sajandist pärit Maarjamäe suvemõisa tall on hävimisohus, sest hoone katusetalad on mädanenud. Laguneb ka Maarjamäe lossikompleksi juurde viiv trepistik. Tallinna kultuuriväärtuste ameti muinsuskaitse osakonna juhataja Boris Duboviku ja peaspetsialist Oliver Orro ning kultuuriministeeriumi riigivarabüroo juhataja Andres Nõlve arvamus

  3. Leo Kunnas, sõdurjumala teener / Leo Kunnas ; interv. Eve Jaakson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kunnas, Leo, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Kaitsejõudude peastaabi operatiivosakonna ülem kolonelleitnant Leo Kunnas räägib Iraagi sõja kogemustest ja oma raamatust "Viiv pikas sõjas. Märkmeid Iraagi sõjast", riigikaitsest, kaitseväeteenistusest, kaitseminister Jürgen Ligist, kaitsepoliitikast, NATO-st, sõjalisest koostööst, perekonnast. Kommenteerivad Sten Reimann ja Venno Loosaar

  4. Ilus lasteraamat kunstniku, kirjastaja ja trükikoja koostöö / interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise Tallinna illustratsioonitriennaali أPildi jõudؤ avamine RRis. Eesti lasteraamatu kujundusest rääkisid Eesti Kujundusgraafikute Liidu raamatugraafika sektsiooni esinaine Viive Noor, RRi näituste osakonna juhataja Kersti Tiik, kunstnik Vive Tolli, raamatukunstiprojekti أPille-Riin ja digitaalؤ eestvedaja Urmas Viik ja taani kriitik Steffen Larsen ning kunstnik Helle Vibeke Jensen ning kirjastja Nanna GyldenkΜrne

  5. Aknad ja trepid taevasse / John Snelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Snelson, John

    2008-01-01

    Londoni firmas VX Design töötava arhitekti Ian Chee T-maja Londonis Chelseas. Hoonel on seinalaiuses sisehoovi avanevad aknad ja katuseaknad. Ülemisele korrusele viiv terasega ümbritsetud ja klaasist astmetega trepp "ripub" seina küljes. Sisustuses näeb Arne Jacobseni, Althea Wilsoni, Antonio Citterio, VX Design'i kujundatud mööblit ja esemeid. 11 värv. vaadet

  6. Partnerships in Pharma--An Economist Intelligence Unit Seminar--Building Innovation into Alliances and Business Models. 1 October 2010, London, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibble, Alexandra

    2010-12-01

    The Partnerships in Pharma seminar, held in London, included topics related to building innovation into alliances and business models within the pharmaceutical industry. This conference report highlights selected presentations on strategies for successful partnering, partnering alongside an evolving CRO industry, considering the pharma value chain, and partnerships between industry and academia. Approaches used by Ipsen, Merck Serono, Pfizer and ViiV Healthcare are also described.

  7. Uue kunsti muuseum seadis sisse Kihnu toa / Katrin Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Katrin

    2000-01-01

    Pärnu Uue kunsti muuseumi Kihnu toas näeb Jaan Oadi maale, käsitööd ja vanu esemeid. Suures saalis korraldatakse 29. nov. noortele ja õpilastele Kalevipoja päev, kus Tauno Kangro õpetab skulptuuri valmistama, Kalevipoja-ainelisi töid võivad alla 20-aastased autorid tuua võistlusele "Teekond maailma lõppu" 10. jaanuarini. 1. dets. avatakse muuseumi suures saalis Victor Vasarely 40 maali näitus. 13. dets. avab oma näituse Ilon Wikland

  8. Attitudinal Modeling of Affect, Behavior and Cognition: Semantic Mining of Disaster Text Corpus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    analysis. Figure 1.1 Tripartite model of attitude structure (Rosenberg & Hovland , 1960) The relationship between the attitudinal components...Amplification of Risk (pp. 47-79). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rosenberg, M.J. and Hovland , C.I. (1960) Cognitive, affective and...behavioral components of attitudes. In: Hovland , C.I. and Rosenberg, M.J. (Ed.), Attitude Organization and Change (pp.1-14), New Haven, CT: Yale University

  9. Psychosocial Aspects of Acne Vulgaris: A Community-based Study with Korean Adolescents

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Do, Jeong Eun; Cho, Sun-Mi; In, Sung-Il; Lim, Ki-Young; Lee, Sungnack; Lee, Eun-So

    2009-01-01

    .... Self-reported questionnaires, including subjective acne severity rating, the Self Image Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire, the Index of Peer Relations, and the Beck Depression...

  10. Further Development of a Model for Rod Ricochet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    MEYER EIBENBERG EINSIEDLER STR 18 H D-09235 BURKHARDTSDORF GERMANY 2 TU CHEMNITZ L W MEYER (X2) FAKULTAET FUER MASCHINENBAU ...LEHRSTUHL WERKSTOFFE DES MASCHINENBAUS D-09107 CHEMNITZ GERMANY 5 RAFAEL BALLISTICS CTR E DEKEL Y PARTOM G ROSENBERG Z ROSENBERG

  11. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ravinetto, Raffaella · Redd, SC · Reeve, PA · Revill, P · Richards-Kortum, Rebecca R. Richardson, Anna · Ricken, D · Roberts, J · Roberts, Paul · Robinson, Ryan · Robson, E · Rockett, Kirk A. Rogerson, S · Rogerson, SJ · Rogerson, SR · Rosato, M · Rosenberg, NE · Rosenberg, Nora E. Rothe, C · Rubadiri, D · Rudatsikira, E

  12. Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afari, Ernest; Ward, Graeme; Khine, Myint Swe

    2012-01-01

    We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999) were used to assess…

  13. Further Investigating Method Effects Associated with Negatively Worded Items on Self-Report Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiStefano, Christine; Motl, Robert W.

    2006-01-01

    This article used multitrait-multimethod methodology and covariance modeling for an investigation of the presence and correlates of method effects associated with negatively worded items on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) scale (Rosenberg, 1989) using a sample of 757 adults. Results showed that method effects associated with negative item phrasing…

  14. The Appropriateness of Using Three Measures of Self-Beliefs with European American, Latino/a, and Native American College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Payakkakom, Anusorn; Rayle, Andrea Dixon; Chee, Christine; Arredondo, Patricia

    2008-01-01

    The authors investigated the psychometric appropriateness of the Valuing/ Commitment to Education scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M. Rosenberg, 1965), and the Educational Self-Efficacy Scale (A. M. Gloria, 1993) for use with European American, Latina/o, and Native American college freshmen. Strong to moderate…

  15. National Academy of Sciences’ Reports on Diet and Health--Are They Credible and Consistent?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-21

    Alfin -Slater. Harrison. Kritchevsky. Olson. and Rosenberg. which was altered about six months later to elevate me to chairman in place of Hanson and to...add Harper to the list. The final task force was Olson. Chairman. Alfin -Slater, Harper. Harrison. Kritchevsky. and Rosenberg. 85 4..:::::4--4 APPENDIX

  16. Bio-inspired seismic metamaterials: Time domain simulations in transformed crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Aznavourian, Ronald; Brule, Stephane; Enoch, Stefan; Guenneau, Sebastien

    2016-01-01

    We introduce the concept of transformation crystallography which consists of the application of geometric transforms to periodic structures. We consider motifs with three-fold, four-fold and six-fold symmetries according to the crystallographic restriction theorem. Furthermore, we define motifs with five-fold symmetry such as quasi-crystals generated by a cut-and-projection method. We analyze elastic wave propagation in the transformed crystals and (Penrose-type) quasi-crystals with the finite difference time domain freeware SimSonic. We consider geometric transforms underpinning the design of seismic cloaks with square, circular, elliptical and peanut shapes in the context of triangular, square and honeycomb crystals. Interestingly, the use of morphing techniques leads to the design of cloaks with interpolated geometries reminiscent of Victor Vasarely's artwork. Employing the case of transformed graphene-like (honeycomb) structures allows one to draw useful analogies between large-scale seismic metamaterials...

  17. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW ...

  18. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW ...

  19. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW ...

  20. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW ...

  1. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, ...

  2. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, ...

  3. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, ...

  4. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, ...

  5. 855 Departm

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-10-23

    Rosenberg et al., 1984). ... developmental activities such as building, road construction, deforestation and many other anthropogenic .... classification clusters. However, non- vegetated lands (e.g., bare soils, infrastructure, and.

  6. The Dark Cube: dark character profiles and OCEAN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garcia, Danilo; Gonzalez Moraga, Fernando R

    2017-01-01

    .... Here we used the Dark Cube (Garcia Rosenberg, 2016), a model of malevolent character theoretically based on Cloningers biopsychosocial model of personality and in the assumption of a ternary structure of malevolent character...

  7. Louvre'i täiendus kunstiajaloole / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2000-01-01

    Pariisis Louvre'is XVII saj. Bologna maalikunstniku Francesco Albani loomingu ülevaatenäitus. Väljas on ka F. Albani portree Joseph Chinard'ilt. Näituse koostas Pierre Rosenberg, kataloogi Stéphane Loire

  8. A Disproportionate Burden of Care: Gender Differences in Mental Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Social Support in Mexican Multiple Sclerosis Caregivers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Perrin, Paul B; Panyavin, Ivan; Morlett Paredes, Alejandra; Aguayo, Adriana; Macias, Miguel Angel; Rabago, Brenda; Picot, Sandra J. Fulton; Arango-Lasprilla, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-01

    .... This study examined gender differences in mental health (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Zarit Burden Inventory...

  9. Disease: H00168 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available v K, Dooley CM, Ostergaard E, Kelsh RN, Hansen L, Levesque MP, Vilhelmsen K, Mollgard K, Stemple DL, Rosen...berg T ... TITLE ... Mutations in c10orf11, a melanocyte-differentiation gene, cause

  10. 57. Baltisches Historikertreffen : vom 5. bis 6. Juni 2004 in Göttingen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    57. balti ajaloolaste kohtumisel 5.-6. juunini 2004 esinesid ettekannetega Erki Tammiksaar, Tiit Rosenberg, Olaf Mertelsmann, Klaus Neitmann, Matthias Thumsen, Ilgvars Misans, Henrik Bolte, Thomas Brück, Juhan Kreem, Dieter Heckmann, Stefan Hartmann. Ettekannete kokkuvõtted

  11. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  12. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  13. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Adult Injuries Spinal Cord Injury 101 David Chen, MD Preventing Pressure Sores Mary Zeigler, MS Transition from ... Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa ...

  14. Sweet Dreams

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jack Kohane

    2010-01-01

      It was the icing on the cake for Dur net Rosenberg when she recently opened the doors of two more retail locations of her specialty pastry shops, joining the original bakery she founded almost 35 years ago...

  15. 76 FR 67188 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ...), Spencer Ho, Director/Vice President/Secretary, Application Type: New NVO License. Coastar Freight Services...: James J. Briles, III, COO/ Manager, (Qualifying Individual), Chad J. Rosenberg, CEO, Application Type...

  16. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, Physical ...

  17. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, Physical ...

  18. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, Physical ...

  19. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS Spasticity, Physical ...

  20. Hubungan Self Esteem dengan Life Satisfaction Pada Penyintas Bencana Erupsi Gunung Sinabung yang Bersuku Karo

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Yogi Pranata

    2017-01-01

    In this research we have examined the relation beetween Self esteem and life satisfaction on karonese the victims of Mount Sinabung’s eruption. This research involves 201 sample from 5 evacuation post eruption of Mount Sinabung. Measuring instrument used in this study is the scale of Satisfaction With Life Scale were collated Dinner and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale developed by Miller Rosenberg. This study uses Person product moment with the results of the hypothesis test showed a positive rel...

  1. The New World Order: Enduring Currents in American Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    Winterford, Thesis Advisor Rodney Kendy--Minnd Reader Thomas Bruneau , Chairman Department of National Security Affairs ii ABSTRACT The primary focus of this...Science Quarterly, 100, 3, (Fall 1985), 389. 51 Justin Rosenberg, "What’s the Matter with Realism?" Review of International Studies, 16, (1990), 292. 52...World." Vital Speeches of the Day, 56, 14, (May 1, 1990): 418-421. Rosenberg, Justin . "What’s the Matter with Realism?" Review of International Studies

  2. Relationships Between Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem and Procrastination in Undergraduate Psychology Students

    OpenAIRE

    Hajloo, Nader

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The present study aimed to review the relationships between procrastination and two self-factors self-efficacy and self-esteem. Methods: Participants were 140 undergraduates Psychology students enrolled in Mohagheg Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran. Instruments used for collecting the required data were the student-version of the General Procrastination Scale (GP-S), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and Rosenberg?s Self-Esteem Scale (SES). Results: Using causal modeling, two mode...

  3. What Do U.S. Army Field Grade Officers Perceive as Their Role in Building Resilience in Soldiers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    modified versions of the Spirit Core Scale (Johnson 1998), Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale ( Rosenberg 1965), Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale ...understanding and self - esteem ) that can affect children at different stages of development. In line with the child definitions of resilience, most...and community resources” (2006, 181). When looking at resilience from an adolescent perspective, factors such as self - esteem and self -efficacy (Turner

  4. Self-Esteem and Collective Self-Esteem Among Adolescents: An Interventional Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Shraddha Sharma; Surila Agarwala

    2015-01-01

    Present research was conducted with the purpose to study the effectiveness of behavioural intervention program in enhancing the self-esteem and collective self-esteem among adolescents. The research was conducted on 74 subjects in the age range of 17-23 years. Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSE; Rosenberg, 1965) and Collective self-esteem scale developed by Luhtanen and Crocker (1992) were used to measure self-esteem and collective self-esteem respectively. A self-structured behavioural interve...

  5. Development of multi-dimensional body image scale for malaysian female adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Chin, Yit Siew; Taib, Mohd Nasir Mohd; Shariff, Zalilah Mohd; Khor, Geok Lin

    2008-01-01

    The present study was conducted to develop a Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents. Data were collected among 328 female adolescents from a secondary school in Kuantan district, state of Pahang, Malaysia by using a self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The self-administered questionnaire comprised multiple measures of body image, Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26; Garner & Garfinkel, 1979) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965...

  6. Gender differences in self-esteem and happiness among university students

    OpenAIRE

    Malik, S.; Saida

    2013-01-01

    The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females) was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985) and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001) were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male st...

  7. ...et maailmas on nii palju sõnu : lastekirjandus / Jaanika Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Jaanika, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    2004. a. ilmunud lastekirjandusest, ka raamatute kujundusest ja illustratsioonidest (Raud, Piret. Ernesto küülikud (ill. P. Raud); Valter, Edgar. Pokulood; Rannap, Jaan. Nelja nimega koer (ill. Ülo Pikkov, kujundanud Anne Pikkov); Kivirähk, Andrus. Limpa ja mereröövlid (ill. Anni Mäger); Sauter, Peeter. Laste raamat (ill. Alvar Jaakson); Tungal, Leelo. Lepatriinu faksiga (ill. Kirke Kangro, kujundanud Maaja Kukerman); Runnel, Hando. Suureks saamine (ill. Jüri Arrak, kujundanud Lembit Küüts); Volkonski, Peeter. Onu Volgi värsiaabits (ill. Piret Raud); Käo, Henno. Tähed ja taburet (ill. H. Käo); Panga, Milvi. See, kes lustib (ill. Viive Noor)

  8. Judgement of abstract paintings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dakulović Sandra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In two experiments the judgement of twenty one abstract paintings was investigated. In Experiment 1, subjects were asked to make similarity judgements of 210 pairs of paintings on a 7 step bipolar scale (similar-dissimilar. The Multi-dimensional scaling (MDS method was used for data analysis. The distribution of paintings within MDS 2-D space suggested two grouping criteria: colorfullness (e.g. from Klee to Kline and geometrization (e.g. from Vasarely to Kandinsky. In Experiment 2, subjects were asked to judge the same paintings on three factors of the instrument SDF 9 (Marković et al., 2002b: Evaluation, Arousal and Regularity. The purpose of this experiment was to specify the subjective criteria on which the (dissimilarity judgements were based. In the regression analysis the three factors of SDF 9 were defined as predictors, whereas the x and y coordinates of MDS 2-D space were defined as dependent variables. The results have shown that the dimension x was reducible to the Evaluation factor, and dimension y is reducible to the Regularity factor.

  9. Participative Mindscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roger Katan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In parallel with my social activism, I introduced architecture into my kinetic art and participatory activism into my architecture. Flexibility and participation in architectural design has been a permanent feature of my practice, bringing new opportunities for self-expression in urban living. To form follows function I opposed form follows movement because it is man oriented while function is object oriented. After my 1962–1964 Mecanographs, machine-made images based on an interaction between the movement, the artist and the machine, I joined forces with Len Lye to determine what kind of positive attributes a Museum of Kinetic Art should have, defining three aspects of kinetic movement: illumination, sound, and physical movement. Vasarely and other kinetic artists put their mark on their time by promoting a form of social art, accessible to all, suggesting movement without actual movement. Walking through my medieval village can be a kinetic experience. The sense of wonder you feel at every corner compares with that of optical art. In the past decade, I moved toward a new form of participatory kinetic expression using state-of-the-art technology (plastics, LED, wireless devices. I view my kinetic work as an architectural experience and architecture as a stimulating kinetic experience.

  10. Kevadtorm Scoutspataljoni staabis / Tanel Järvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvet, Tanel, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta mai lõpus toimunud sõjalisest õppusest Kevadtorm Scoutspataljoni juhtimispunkti aspektist. Lisa: Kaitseliidu patrulltiimide võimalikud ülesanded. Vt. samas: Mihkel Tammaru. Kevadtormil Pioneerikompaniis; Tiit Rosenberg. Kevadtormil Jalaväekompanii juhtimispunktis

  11. Birthing positions during second stage of labor and long-term psychological outcomes in low-risk women

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonge, A. de; Rijnders, M.E.B.; Diem, M.T. van; Scheepers, P.L.H.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.

    2011-01-01

    PURPOSE: To examine the long-term influence of birthing positions during the second stage of labor, as well as other factors, on birth satisfaction, self-esteem (based on the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale [RSE]) and emotional well-being (based on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale [EPDS]). STUDY

  12. Improved Range Searching Lower Bounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kasper Green; Nguyen, Huy L.

    2012-01-01

    by constructing a hard input set and query set, and then invoking Chazelle and Rosenberg's [CGTA'96] general theorem on the complexity of navigation in the pointer machine. For the group model, we show that input sets and query sets that are hard for range reporting in the pointer machine (i.e. by Chazelle...

  13. Speed of Sound Measurements and the Methane Abundance in Titan's Atmosphere

    OpenAIRE

    Hagermann, A.; Rosenberg, P. D.; Towner , M. C.; Garry, J.R.C.; Svedhem, H.; Leese, M. R.; Hathi, B.; R. D. Lorenz; Zarnecki, J. C.

    2007-01-01

    Speed of Sound Measurements and the Methane Abundance in Titan's Atmosphere (Hagermann, A.) PSSRI--> , The Open University--> , Walton Hall--> , Milton Keynes--> - UNITED KINGDOM (Hagermann, A.) PSSRI--> , The Open University--> , Walton Hall--> , Milton Keynes--> - UNITED KINGDOM (Rosenberg, P.D.) PSSRI--> , The Open University--> , Walton Hall--> , Milto...

  14. 1615-IJBCS -Article-Pierre Gnohossou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Document du Bape Bio 78. 93p. Roldan G. 1999. Los macroinvertebrados su valor como indicatores de la calidad de agua. Revista de la academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas Fisicas y Naturales,. 23 : 375-387. Rosenberg DM, Resh VH. 1993. Introduction to freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates.

  15. The Developing, Field Testing, and Initial Norming of a Secondary/Adult Level Reading Attitude Measure That Is Behaviorally Oriented and Based on Krathwohl's Taxonomy of the Affective Domain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikulecky, Larry Joseph

    This dissertation reports the development of the Mikulecky Behavioral Reading Attitude Measure (MBRAM), designed to be appropriate for use with mature readers. Items were written with direct reference to the Hovland-Rosenberg tricomponent model of attitude and to the stages of Krathwohl's Taxonomy of the Affective Domain. The MBRAM was…

  16. original article assessing major adjustment problems of freshman ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Buss Shyness Scale (RCBS) developed by. Check and Buss and Loneliness and Social. Dissatisfaction Questionnaire, developed by Asher et. Al.,(1984). Finally, the. Personal-psychological. Adjustment Measure, adopted from. Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale (1989) and. Measures of depression, anxiety and stress.

  17. An Exploration of the Effects of Skin Tone on African American Life Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breland, Alfiee M.; Collins, Wanda; Damico, Karen Lowenstein; Steward, Robbie; King, Jennifer

    This study surveys African Americans to assess perceptions of and life experiences with the issue of skin tone. Thirty-seven African American adults agreed to complete a survey packet and participate in a semi-structured focus group discussion. Participants completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure, the Skin…

  18. Evaluation of various pesticides-degrading pure bacterial cultures ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    IASA

    2016-10-05

    Oct 5, 2016 ... consorcio microbiano aislado de humedales constantes en laboratorio. Actual. Biol. 37(102):255-265. Rodriguez E, Gamboa M (2009). Bacteriología General. 2da edición. Barcelona, España. Editorial García. Pp. 1-170. Rosenberg A, Alexander M (1979). Microbial cleavege of various organophosphorus ...

  19. Agro-Science Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PC USER

    grown on saline lands with Cellulomonas biazotea. World Journal of Microbiology &. Biotechnology 21:207-211. Rosenberg, E. (1993). Exploiting microbial growth on hydrocarbons: new markets. Trends in. Biotechnology 11: 419-424. Subrahmanyan, D. (1990). Processing: Fermented. Foods of Cassava. Food Laboratory ...

  20. Family and Parent Variables Affecting Outcomes of a Parent Mediated Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Steven A.; Robinson, Cordella C.

    The paper provides summaries of three presentations entitled: "Family and Parent Variables Affecting Outcomes of a Parent Mediated Intervention" (S. Rosenberg and C. Robinson), "The Home as Learning Environment: Using Food Activities to Develop Reading Skills" (R. Handel), and "A Behavior Management Technique for Maladjusted Teenagers in a Public…

  1. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding ... injury? play_arrow How should expectations about sex change after a spinal cord injury ? play_arrow What ...

  2. Diamond Deposition and Defect Chemistry Studied via Solid State NMR

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-30

    NAME(S) AND AOORESS(ES) 10. SPONSORING; MONITORING Max N. Yoder, ONR-3140, Room 607 AGENCY REPORT NUMBER ___ Department of the Navy Office of Naval...1985) 750. (1980) 60. 42 H. Rosenberger, G. Scheler and E. Kunstner, Fuel, 67 (1988) 508. 24 W. F. Banholzer and T. R. Anthony, Thin Solid Films, in the

  3. Frequency Diversity for Improving Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Boston MA, 1995. 13. Cerutti-Maori, D., W. Burger , J. H. G. Ender, and A. R. Brenner. “Experimental Results of Ground Moving Target Detection Achieved...Signal Processing”. IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, 22(9), September 2007. 44. Rosenberg, Luke and Doug Gray. “Multichannel SAR Imaging

  4. Use of Exogenous Progestins and Risk or In Situ and Invasive Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    Rosenberg LU, Magnusson C, Lindstrom E, Wedren S, Hall P, Dickman PW. Menopausal hormone therapy and other breast cancer risk factors in relation...2876-2880. 39. Desruisseau S, Palmari J, Giusti C, Romain S, Martin PM, Berthois Y. Clinical relevance of amphiregulin and VEGF in primary breast

  5. Computational Modeling of Dynamic Failure Mechanisms in Armor/Anti-Armor Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    Costa, C.R.C., "A Study of the Mechanical Behavior in Ballistic Impact of Alumina Plates," Ceramica , Vol 30, No. 175, July 1984. 5 Table 2 USEFUL...Behavior in Ballistic Impact of Alumina Plates). Ceramica , v175 n30, July 1984. Information Services 56 Yaziv, D.; Bless, S.J.; Rosenberg, Z. Study of

  6. Reconstructing the history of euxinia in a coastal sea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slomp, C.P.

    2013-01-01

    Areas of the coastal ocean where oxygen is low or absent in bottom waters, so-called dead zones, are expanding worldwide (Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008). Increased inputs of nutrients from land are enhancing algal blooms, and the sinking of this organic matter to the seafl oor and subsequent decay

  7. Autonomy, Educational Plans, and Self-Esteem in Institution-Reared and Home-Reared Teenagers in Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulviste, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    The study examines autonomy, self-esteem, and educational plans for the future of 109 institution-reared and 106 home-reared teenagers (15-19 years). Teenagers were asked to complete the Teen Timetable Scale (Feldman & Rosenthal), two Emotional Autonomy Scales (Steinberg & Silverberg), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and answer questions…

  8. The Prevalence of Low Self-Esteem in an Intellectually Disabled Forensic Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, P.

    2012-01-01

    Background: This was a quantitative study to measure the prevalence low self-esteem in an intellectually disabled forensic population. The dependent variables used were the adapted six-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the adapted Evaluative Beliefs Scale. It had a repeated measures design with independent variables including consideration of…

  9. Sonderstab Musik

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Willem

    1996-01-01

    During the Second World War the 'Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg' was set up, an organization which aimed for the elimination of Jewish cultural life in the rest of Europe. A 'Sonderstab Musik' was also established, staffed by distinguished German musicologists whose task was to locate musical

  10. Sonderstab Musik

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Willem

    1996-01-01

    During the Second World War the 'Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg' was set up, an organisation which aimed for the elimination of Jewish cultural life in the rest of Europe. A 'Sonderstab Musik' was also established, staffed by distinguished German musicologists whose task was to locate musical

  11. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  12. Race-Related Stress, Racial Identity Attitudes, and Mental Health among Black Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Hollie L.; Cross, William E., Jr.; DeFour, Darlene C.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined whether racial identity attitudes moderate the relationship between racist stress events, racist stress appraisal, and mental health. One hundred eighteen African American and 144 self-identified Caribbean women completed the Cross Racial Identity Scale, the Schedule of Racist Events, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the…

  13. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Korean Juvenile Delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Paul Kyuman; Jung, Hyun-Oak; Noh, Kyung-Sun

    2001-01-01

    Identifies attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) in Korean juvenile delinquents. Intelligence tests, Test of Variables of Attention, Teacher Report form, Youth Self-Report, and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale were administered to 98 incarcerated youth and 84 nondelinquent youth. In the delinquent youth, 42.2% of the adolescents were…

  14. Long-term quality of life assessment in patients with auricular prostheses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kievit, H.; Verhage-Damen, G.W.; Ingels, K.J.A.O.; Mylanus, E.A.M.; Hol, M.K.S.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of life of people with an auricular prosthesis. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was conducted. Quality of life was evaluated by an open-ended question form and 3 questionnaires: the Glasgow Benefit Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, and the

  15. Homing of radiolabelled recombinant interleukin-2 activated natural ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SEARCHU

    Henney et al 1981; Trinchieri et al 1984) and IL-2 infusions in vivo have shown promis- ing results in animal models (Hefeneider et al 1983;. Smith 1992) as well as in clinical trials in patients with cancer (Lotze et al 1985; Rosenberg et al 1993 ).

  16. The Psychological Effects of Unemployment on a Group of Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Jim; Davies, Carol

    1984-01-01

    Three groups of 50 adolescents each (those employed since school, those involved in Youth Opportunities Programs YOP!, and those unemployed since school) were administered the Goldberg General Health Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Depression Scale, and two self-esteem inventories. The unemployed youth had lower self-esteem, more psychosomatic…

  17. South African Medical Journal - Vol 87, No 3 (1997)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A case control study of breast cancer risk and exposure to injectable progestogen contraceptives · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. R. Bailie, J Katzenellenbogen, M. Hoffman, G Schierhout, H Truter, D Dent, A Gudgeon, J van Zyl, L Rosenberg, ...

  18. Social Environmental Conceptions of Male Homosexual Behavior: A University Climate Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Arthur J.

    1989-01-01

    Assessed university climate of 32 male homosexual and 32 male heterosexual undergraduates. Subjects completed the University Climate Scale, Alienation Scale, Bem Sex-Role Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the University Homophobia Scale. Results revealed that homosexual subjects perceived measures of university climate as significantly…

  19. On the occurrence of Platalea regia, Gould on Celebes, Boeroe and Timor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oort, van E.D.

    1907-01-01

    While making the osteological catalogue of the birds of our Museum, I met with an imperfect skull of a spoonbill, which has been sent over from Celebes by von Rosenberg in the year 1864. The skull belongs to the black-billed australian spoonbill, Platalea regia Gould. This object is the bill of a

  20. Distorting the Past

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klehr, Harvey

    2004-01-01

    Many historians on the left are unwilling to renounce communism and the agents in this country who ran its insidious errands. Despite damning evidence from Soviet archives, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, Alger Hiss, and other traitors remain the darlings of many leaders of the profession. Harvey Klehr documents how, in journals and recent textbooks,…

  1. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Spinal Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD Understanding SCI Rehabilitation Donald Peck Leslie, MD Adjusting to Social Life in a Wheelchair Lisa Rosen, MS ...

  2. Teaching English for Specific Purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nijolė Netikšienė

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Teaching English for Specific Purposes and General English is analysed in the article. The scientific approach of a scientist M. Rosenberg is presented. The experience of teaching English for Specific Purposesat VGTU is alsopresented. The ideas and teaching methods from the classes of general English can be transferred to the classes of English for Specific Purposes.

  3. BOOK MANAGER'S CHOICE BOOKS RECEIVED

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANAESTHESIA. Local and Regional Anaesthesia. Fundamentals ofAnaesthesia and. Acute Medicine. Edited by Per Rosenberg. Series Editors: Ronald M lanes, Alan R Aitkenhead and Pierre Fob:. Pp. xii + 164. Illustrated. £25. BM! Books. 2000. ISBN 0-7279-1480-4. This textbook is the latest offering in the excellent series.

  4. Perceptual spaces in PERIPHER. A new work for percussion and chamber orchestra

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenberger, Katharina

    2012-01-01

    Composició actual. Anàlisi de l'obra PERIPHER de Katharina Rosenberger. The expression “peripher” implies spatial dimensions, it implies transcending boundaries and possible ventures to novel, less explored territories. What these “boundaries” and these “novel territories” stand for, or how these could be understood is not easily definable.

  5. Liver enzymes and psychological well-being response to aerobic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liver enzymes and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercise training in patients with chronic hepatitis C. ... Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Gamma – Glutamyltransferase (GGT) , Beck Depression Inventory (BDI ) & Profile of Mood States(POMS) and increase in Rosenberg ...

  6. The Relation between Self-Esteem, Parenting Style and Social Anxiety in Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousaf, Saira

    2015-01-01

    This study is an attempt to explore the relationship between self-esteem, parenting style and social anxiety in girls. A sample of 100 female students selected from different schools. For data collection Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Parental Authority Questionnaire and Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scales were used together with demographic sheet.…

  7. Udvikling og initial validering af et web-baseret spørgeskema til identifikation af prædiktorer for usikker sex blandt unge danskere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Marianne Johansson

    respondenternes alkoholindtagelse hele livet samt det sidste år, og en høj floor effekt for det item, der relaterede sig til alkoholindtagelsen den sidste måned. Både Rosenbergs Self-esteem skala og kondom Self-efficacy skalaerne viste god intern overensstemmelse (α>0,8), og spørgeskemaets test...

  8. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  9. Racial Identity, Phenotype, and Self-Esteem among Biracial Polynesian/White Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, G. E. Kawika; Garriott, Patton O.; Reyes, Carla J.; Hsieh, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    This study examined racial identity, self-esteem, and phenotype among biracial Polynesian/White adults. Eighty-four Polynesian/White persons completed the Biracial Identity Attitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, and a Polynesian phenotype scale. Profile analyses showed participants identified more with their Polynesian parent. A…

  10. Prevalence of depression and low self-esteem among medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Studies on medical students in different parts of the world have confirmed that medical training is rigorous and predisposes students to a range of negative psychological reactions. This study was conducted using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, to investigate the prevalence of ...

  11. Nonmarket economic values of forest insect pests: An updated literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall S. Rosenberger; Lauren A. Bell; Patricia A. Champ; Eric. L. Smith

    2012-01-01

    This report updates the literature review and synthesis of economic valuation studies on the impacts of forest insect pests by Rosenberger and Smith (1997). A conceptual framework is presented to establish context for the studies. This report also discusses the concept of ecosystem services; identifies key elements of each study; examines areas of future research; and...

  12. Equivalencies Regarding the Measurement and Constructs of Self-Esteem and Major Life Events in an Asian-Pacific Islander Sampler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyamoto, Robin H.; Hishinuma, Earl S.; Nishimura, Stephanie T.; Nahulu, Linda B.; Andrade, Naleen N.; Johnson, Ronald C.; Makini, George K., Jr.; Yuen, Noelle Y. C.; Kim, S. Peter; Goebert, Deborah A.; Carlton, Barry S.; Bell, Cathy K.

    2001-01-01

    Examines aspects of self-esteem measures and major life events using the 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) with Hawaiian, part-Hawaiian, and non-Hawaiian high school students (N=816). There was a lack of consensus regarding the dimensions of RSES as previously reported. Measurement equivalency findings concerning RSES caution against…

  13. Determination of Patients’ Breast Tumor-Specific Immunity and Its Enhancement with In Vitro Stimulation and Gene Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    high-dose interleukin-2 alone. New Engl. J. Med. 316: 889. 10. Rosenberg, S.A., Packard, B.S., Aebersold, P.M., Solomon , D., Topalian, S.L., Toy, ST...by Dr Bonnie Asch ). ■ RESULTS We evaluated a variety of protocols and sites within SCID and nude mice in the hope of increasing the growth

  14. Officer Career Development: Reactions of Two Unrestricted Line Communities to Detailers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-01

    communication in bargaining. Human Communication Research , 8^, 262-280. Rosenberg, M. (1979). Conceiving the self. New York: Basic Books. Turnbull, A. A...communication, differential power, and phasing of concessions: Negotiating success and attributions to the opponent. Human Communication Research , 2

  15. Three sides of a coin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkins, L. John

    2012-10-01

    In his review of Alex Rosenberg's book The Atheist's Guide to Reality: Enjoying Life Without Illusions (May pp42-43), Vlatko Vedral dutifully reports on the author's standard musings about whether humans could evolve naturally without divine intervention, or whether there is a soul, or what the purpose of the universe might be, and so on.

  16. Creatine transporter deficiency: molecular and functional tools for diagnosis, and prevalence of this X-linked mental retardation syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosenberg, E.H.

    2006-01-01

    Van de verstandelijk gehandicapten is tweederde man. Lang niet altijd wordt voor de handicap een oorzaak gevonden. Uit het promotieonderzoek van Efraim Rosenberg blijkt in één procent van de gevallen een fout in het creatine transporter gen (SLC6A8) hiervoor verantwoordelijk. Patiënten met

  17. Factors Influencing Faculty Migration. AIR 1988 Annual Forum Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matier, Michael W.

    A review and synthesis of the literature on factors influencing faculty decisions to leave an institution are presented. From this review, Lazarsfeld and Rosenberg's "empirical analysis of action" methodology was selected as the foundation for a survey of 37 Arts and Sciences faculty, for whom the response rate was 51%. Each received a…

  18. Reckless Behaviour and Sexual Practices of Emerging Adult Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullis, Ronald L.; Byno, Lucy H.; Shriner, Michael; Mullis, Ann K.

    2009-01-01

    Relations between reckless behaviour and sexual practices of emerging adult women (ages 18-25) within a social cognitive theoretical perspective were examined. In addition, relations between self esteem, sexual attitudes and sexual behaviour were also examined. The Sexual Experience Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Hendrick Sexual Attitude…

  19. How Tycho Brahe really died

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Aase Roland; Petersen, Lars

    2001-01-01

    In 2001 we commemorate the 4th centenary of the death of Tycho Brahe, perhaps the first great scientists in a modern sense.This famous Danish astronomer died in Prague on the 24th of October 1601, eleven days after he had attended a banquet at the Bohemian count of Rosenberg. Tycho was too courte...

  20. Study of stress, self-esteem and depression in medical students and effect of music on perceived stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baste, Vrushali S; Gadkari, Jayashree V

    2014-01-01

    Medical students are exposed to many stressors and if stress is perceived negatively or becomes excessive can affect academic performance and health adversely. The objective of this study was to assess stress, predominant stressor and effect of music on perceived stress. 90 undergraduate students were selected randomly. A written questionnaire about personal information, stressful factors, ways to cope up stress, Rosenberg self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and 'Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology' self-rated 16 (QIDS-SR-16) was given.45.6% Students had mild stress, 7.7% students had moderate stress and 1.1% students had severe stress. Academic factors were the predominant cause of stress in most students, followed by physical, social and emotional. On Rosenberg self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) 85.6% students had high self-esteem and on QIDS-SR16 50% students had depression. Effect of music on perceived stress was statistically significant. Medical curriculum is associated with increased stress in students. Music can be used as simple, inexpensive and effective therapy for stress.

  1. Threat from Emerging Vectorborne Viruses

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-06-09

    Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the commentary by CDC author Ronald Rosenberg, Threat from Emerging Vectorborne Viruses.  Created: 6/9/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 6/9/2016.

  2. Secretary of The Navy Professor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-30

    the Gulf of Mexico , and the Atlantic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. - Oceans, 104 (C1), pp. 1431 - 1453. Rosenberg, N. J., R. C. Izaurralde, M. Tiscareño...A. V. Valle, and R. C. Isaurralde, 1998: Algunos efectos del fenomeno climatico El Nino en la agricultura Mexicana. Ciencia y Desarrollo, 24, pp. 4

  3. Reis Rosenbergi ajudesse / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Lugemismuljeid raamatutest: Piper, Ernst. Alfred Rosenberg : Hitleri peaideoloog. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Judt, Tony. Pärast sõda. Euroopa ajalugu 1945. aastast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Döblin, Alfred. Berliin, Alexanderplatz / tlk. Mati Sirkel. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Adson, Artur. Siuru-raamat. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007

  4. Taking Advantage of Murder and Mayhem for Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harden, G. Daniel

    1991-01-01

    Suggests the use of key historical antisocial acts to teach social studies concepts as a means of arousing the interest of adolescents. Recommends overcoming initial sensationalism by shifting emphasis to more appropriate interests. Includes discussion of the Abraham Lincoln and John F. Kennedy assassinations and the Rosenberg spy case. Suggests…

  5. Proceedings: Army Medical Department Service Psychology Symposium Held at El Paso, Texas on 13-17 November 1978

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-11-01

    Hyperactive boys and their brothers: A- 25-year followup study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1976, 33, 669-675.0 Cantwell, 0. Psychiatric illness in...Bulletin, 1978, 85(1), 141-162. Hier, 0. B., LeMay, M., Rosenberger, P. B. and Perlo, V. P. Developmental dyslexia : Evidence for d subgroup with a

  6. Self-esteem and resilience : The connection with risky behavior among adolescents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veselska, Zuzana; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Orosova, Olga; Gajdosova, Beata; van Dijk, Jitse P.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.

    The aim was to explore the association of self-esteem and resilience with smoking and cannabis use among adolescents, separately for gender. A sample of 3694 adolescents (mean age 14.3 years) from elementary schools in Slovakia filled out the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale, the Resiliency scale and

  7. Toward the Development of the Stereotypic Roles for Black Women Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Anita Jones; Witherspoon, Karen McCurtis; Speight, Suzette L.

    2004-01-01

    Preliminary findings on the validation of the Stereotypic Roles for Black Women Scale (SRBWS) are presented. A sample of 186 African American women took the SRBWS along with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Racial Identity Attitude Scale-B. A confirmatory factor analysis supported a four-factor structure of the scale, and moderate…

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TTRU-01-1275 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TTRU-01-1275 ref|YP_214003.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 [Macrobrachium rosenberg...ii] gb|AAT52176.1| NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 [Macrobrachium rosenbergii] YP_214003.1 0.015 24% ...

  9. A Study of the Impostor Phenomenon among Male Nurse Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Stephanie S.

    2011-01-01

    The Clance Impostor Phenomenon Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale continue to be used to measure impostor characteristics and levels of self-esteem in aggregate populations in corporate and academic environments. Previous studies have focused on females or female dominate populations. A correlational study of nursing educators that are male…

  10. Parenting Effects on Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Late Adolescence and How Those Factors Impact Adjustment to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Gregory J

    2007-01-01

    Approximately three months before starting college, 203 high school seniors completed a questionnaire consisting of the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) assessing their parents' parenting styles. The PAQ yielded scores on three parenting styles originally proposed by…

  11. Outcome Rating Scale and Session Rating Scale in Psychological Practice: Clinical Utility of Ultra-Brief Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Alistair; Hemsley, Samantha

    2009-01-01

    The validity and reliability of the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS) and the Session Rating Scale (SRS) were evaluated against existing longer measures, including the Outcome Questionnaire-45, Working Alliance Inventory, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21, Quality of Life Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and General Self-efficacy Scale. The measures…

  12. AcEST: DK962030 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ot sp_hit_id Q6XNL5 Definition sp|Q6XNL5|RDRP_MRNV RNA-directed RNA polymerase OS=Macrobrachium rosenbergii ...ge factor 6 O... 30 8.9 >sp|Q6XNL5|RDRP_MRNV RNA-directed RNA polymerase OS=Macrobrachium rosenberg

  13. The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement of Girls with Hearing Impairments in Secondary Schools for the Deaf in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awori, Beatrice Bunyasi; Mugo, John K.; Orodho, John A.; Karugu, G. K.

    2010-01-01

    Several factors had been cited as contributing to the perpetually dismal academic achievement of girls with hearing impairment in Kenya. Personal esteem factors had not been adequately explored. The study used Carl Roger's client-centered theory and an Expost facto design. Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to measure self-esteem dimensions.…

  14. Patients Satisfaction with Nursing Care in a Maternity Unit in South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Respondents completed socio-demographic questionnaire, the modified La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LAOPSS) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The mean age of respondents was 29.9 years while mean satisfaction score was 97.98 (SD- 15.3; Range-79) with mean self-esteem being 30.15 (SD-6.59; ...

  15. The Effects of Quality Books for Children and the Metacognitive Strategy on Students' Self-Esteem Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cer, Erkan; Sahin, Ertugrul

    2017-01-01

    Using a quasi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test control groups, 93 eighth grade students were randomly assigned either to the experimental or to the control group and responded to the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale two weeks before and after the intervention. While the students in the experimental group were instructed in quality books…

  16. Self-Esteem and Method Effects Associated with Negatively Worded Items: Investigating Factorial Invariance by Sex

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiStefano, Christine; Motl, Robert W.

    2009-01-01

    The Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (RSE) has been widely used in examinations of sex differences in global self-esteem. However, previous examinations of sex differences have not accounted for method effects associated with item wording, which have consistently been reported by researchers using the RSE. Accordingly, this study examined the…

  17. Racial Identity, Self-Esteem, and Academic Achievement: Too Much Interpretation, Too Little Supporting Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockett, Charles T.; Harrell, Jules P.

    2003-01-01

    To examine the relationship between racial identity, self-esteem, and academic achievement, this study administered the Racial Identity Attitude Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and a background questionnaire to African American students from a historically black college. Results showed that the unique effect of racial identity on academic…

  18. The Relationship between Conflict Communication, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Coskun; Hamarta, Erdal; Uslu, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The current study used a survey model to analyze 306 university students to investigate relationship between life satisfaction, self-esteem and conflict communication. Data were collected from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Conflict Communication Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were…

  19. Basics of SCI Rehabilitation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation ...

  20. Sex and Fertility After SCI

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation ...

  1. Preventing Pressure Sores

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation ...

  2. Spinal Cord Injury 101

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cord Injury Diane M. Rowles, MS, NP How Family Life Changes After Spinal Cord Injury Nancy Rosenberg, PsyD ... Children with Spinal Cord Injury Patricia Mucia, RN Family Life After Pediatric Spinal Injury Dawn Sheaffer, MSW Rehabilitation ...

  3. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  4. Relationships between Academic Stress, Social Support, Optimism-Pessimism and Self-Esteem in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-González, L.; González-Hernández, A.; Trianes-Torres, M. V.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: This research aims to analyse how optimism, self-esteem and social support help to predict academic stress. Method: The sample consisted of 123 students aged 20 to 31 years old, from the 3rd Year in the Psychology Degree. Students completed the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Life Orientation Optimism Questionnaire (LOT-R), the…

  5. Risk factors for common cancers among patients at Kamuzu Central ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... among patients at Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi: A retrospective cohort study. Agnes Moses, Albert Mwafongo, Maria Chikasema, Laureen Kafantenganji, Christopher Stanely, Emma Chimzukira, Coxcilly Kampani, Robert Krysiak, Satish Gopal, Nora E. Rosenberg, Carol G. Shores, Mina C. Hosseinipour ...

  6. Original Research Risk factors for common cancers among patients ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christopher Stanely1, Emma Chimzukira1, Coxcilly Kampani1, Robert Krysiak1, Satish Gopal1–4,. Nora E. Rosenberg1,2, Carol G. Shores1,2,Mina C. Hosseinipour1,2,3. 1. UNC Project–Malawi, Lilongwe, Malawi. 2. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. 3. College of Medicine, University of Malawi, ...

  7. “We have heard it together”: a qualitative analysis of couple HIV ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    “We have heard it together”: a qualitative analysis of couple HIV testing and counselling recruitment in Malawi's Option B+ programme. Nora E. Rosenberg, Rebecca Gross, Tiwonge Mtande, Suzanne Maman, Carol E. Golin, Friday Saidi, Olivia Manthalu, Irving Hoffman, Mina C. Hosseinipour, William C. Miller ...

  8. African Journal of AIDS Research - Vol 16, No 3 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... testing and counselling recruitment in Malawi's Option B+ programme · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Nora E. Rosenberg, Rebecca Gross, Tiwonge Mtande, Suzanne Maman, Carol E. Golin, Friday Saidi, Olivia Manthalu, Irving Hoffman, Mina C. Hosseinipour, ...

  9. Characterization of the exopolysaccharide produced by a whey ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2007-11-19

    Nov 19, 2007 ... Effect of sodium chloride concentration (g/l) on the rheology of Klebsiella oxytoca polysaccharide (KOP). Results are averages of 3 replicates. 1983). Acinetobacter calcoaceticus produced a polysac- charide containing rhamnose, glucose and mannose. (Kaplan and Rosenberg, 1982; Morin et al., 1987).

  10. Probing HER2-PUMA and EGFR-PUMA Crosstalks in Aggressive Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    E.F. Johnson, K.C. Marsh, M.J. Mitten, P. Nimmer, L. Roberts, S.K. Tahir, Y. Xiao, X. Yang, H. Zhang, S. 19 Fesik, S.H. Rosenberg , and S.W. Elmore...Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: RLC HWL. Performed the experiments: RLC WH IP. Analyzed the data: RLC. Contributed reagents

  11. Early Marriage, Rape, Child Prostitution, and Related Factors Determining the Psychosocial Effects Severity of Child Sexual Abuse in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wondie, Yemataw; Zemene, Workie; Reschke, Konrad; Schroder, Harry

    2011-01-01

    This study was aimed at identifying factors that determine the psychosocial effects severity of child sexual abuse. Data were collected from 318 female children in Ethiopia using the Children's Impact of Traumatic Events Scale-Revised and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The results revealed that respondents who survived rape and child…

  12. 77 FR 38775 - Schedules for Atlantic Shark Identification Workshops and Protected Species Safe Handling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC042 Schedules for Atlantic Shark Identification... Shark Identification workshop originally scheduled for August 9, 2012, in Rosenberg, TX, has been... 77471. The July and September workshop dates remain unchanged. Atlantic Shark Identification workshops...

  13. Cystinuria AA (B): digenic inheritance with three mutations in two ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1Faculty of Medicine, University Children's Hospital, Skopje 1000, Republic of Macedonia. 2Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, ... 8% of children suffering from kidney stones have cystinuria. (Rosenberg 1966). Historically the biochemical ... inheritance; three mutations; SLC3A1; SLC7A9. Journal of Genetics, Vol.

  14. GLEN ehk Eesti noored Aafrikaga tutvust tegemas / Annika Räim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Räim, Annika

    2008-01-01

    GLEN (Global Education for the Young Europeans) on programm, kus löövad kaasa Euroopa Liidu 12 liikmesmaa mittetulundusühingud ning mis lähetab noori eurooplasi projektide raames kolmeks kuuks arengumaadesse. Artiklis jagavad oma muljeid GLEN-projektis osalenud Kadri Runnel Gruusiast, Kadri Aavik Lõuna-Aafrika Vabariigist, Birgit Rosenberg Sambiast ja Mari Nuga Kamerunist

  15. Self-Esteem during University Studies Predicts Career Characteristics 10 Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2007-01-01

    To examine how self-esteem measured during university studies would impact on the characteristics of the work career 10 years later, 297 university students completed the Rosenberg's self-esteem inventory four times while at university and various career-related questionnaires 10 years later. Latent Growth Curve Modeling showed that a high overall…

  16. Eramu Suurupis = A House in Suurupi / Tiina Mang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mang, Tiina

    2002-01-01

    2002. a. valminud eramu projekteeris Arhitektibüroo Emil Urbel. Arhitektid Emil Urbel ja Indrek Erm, sisearhitekt Tiina Mang, konstruktor Peep Rosenberg. Projekt 2000-2001. 7 ill.: I korruse plaan, sise- ja välisvaated.Emil Urbel (arhitektibüroo).

  17. A Coherent VLSI Design Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-31

    Thang Bui completed his Ph.D. thesis on graph-bisection algorithms. Included in the thesis is joint work with Profs. Leighton and Sipser on an algorithm... Sipser , "Graph Bisection Algorithms with Good Average Case Behavior," to appear in Combinatorica, F. Chung, T. Leighton and A. Rosenberg, "Embedding

  18. Estudio sobre las relaciones del síndrome de burnout con algunos factores psicosociales

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andrea López Fernández; Damián Sáez Rodríguez; María Jesús García Aranda; Alba López Paiz; Laura Hernández Saavedra

    2015-01-01

    ...: la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (1965) y el Cuestionario de Maslach Burnout Inventory (1986). Los resultados obtenidos muestran que no existen relaciones significativas entre Burnout, autoestima, experiencia laboral y género; aunque se han encontrado algunas diferencias de género en las variables de estudio.

  19. Adoptive cell transfer in the treatment of metastatic melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Straten, Per thor; Becker, Jürgen C

    2009-01-01

    Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) for metastatic cancer is the focus of considerable research effort. Rosenberg's laboratory demonstrated a 50% response rate in stage IV melanoma patients treated with in vitro expanded tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and high-dose IL-2 administered after...

  20. Strain-Path Modeling for Geo-Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-07

    DeCarli and Rosenberg, 1976). Those gauges were exercised very recently, along with ground-motion gauges, in the field of a buried spherical charge...less spastic than those cal- culated. Ejecta come from the upper reaches of a "crater region", denoted III in Fig. 5, of the same shape as the apparent

  1. Targeting Platinum Compounds : synthesis and biological activity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zutphen, Steven van

    2005-01-01

    Inspired by cisplatin, the inorganic drug discovered by Barnett Rosenberg in 1965, the research described in this thesis uses targeting ligands, or ligands varied in a combinatorial fashion, to find platinum complexes with more specific modes of action. These studies have lead to the development of

  2. The Red Rectangle: An Astronomical Example of Mach Bands?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brecher, K.

    2005-12-01

    Recently, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) produced spectacular images of the "Red Rectangle". This appears to be a binary star system undergoing recurrent mass loss episodes. The image-processed HST photographs display distinctive diagonal lightness enhancements. Some of the visual appearance undoubtedly arises from actual variations in the luminosity distribution of the light of the nebula itself, i.e., due to limb brightening. Psychophysical enhancement similar to the Vasarely or pyramid effect also seems to be involved in the visual impression conveyed by the HST images. This effect is related to Mach bands (as well as to the Chevreul and Craik-O'Brien-Cornsweet effects). The effect can be produced by stacking concentric squares (or other geometrical figures such as rectangles or hexagons) of linearly increasing or decreasing size and lightness, one on top of another. We have constructed controllable Flash applets of this effect as part of the NSF supported "Project LITE: Light Inquiry Through Experiments". They can be found in the vision section of the LITE web site at http://lite.bu.edu. Mach band effects have previously been seen in medical x-ray images. Here we report for the first time the possibility that such effects play a role in the interpretation of astronomical images. Specifically, we examine to what extent the visual impressions of the Red Rectangle and other extended astronomical objects are purely physical (photometric) in origin and to what degree they are enhanced by psychophysical processes. To help assess the relative physical and psychophysical contributions to the perceived lightness effects, we have made use of a center-surround (Difference of Gaussians) filter we developed for MatLab. We conclude that local (lateral inhibition) and longer range human visual perception effects probably do contribute to the lightness features seen in astronomical objects like the Red Rectangle. Project LITE is supported by NSF Grant # DUE-0125992.

  3. Spanning the scales of mechanical metamaterials using time domain simulations in transformed crystals, graphene flakes and structured soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aznavourian, Ronald; Puvirajesinghe, Tania M; Brûlé, Stéphane; Enoch, Stefan; Guenneau, Sébastien

    2017-11-01

    We begin with a brief historical survey of discoveries of quasi-crystals and graphene, and then introduce the concept of transformation crystallography, which consists of the application of geometric transforms to periodic structures. We consider motifs with three-fold, four-fold and six-fold symmetries according to the crystallographic restriction theorem. Furthermore, we define motifs with five-fold symmetry such as quasi-crystals generated by a cut-and-projection method from periodic structures in higher-dimensional space. We analyze elastic wave propagation in the transformed crystals and (Penrose-type) quasi-crystals with the finite difference time domain freeware SimSonic. We consider geometric transforms underpinning the design of seismic cloaks with square, circular, elliptical and peanut shapes in the context of honeycomb crystals that can be viewed as scaled-up versions of graphene. Interestingly, the use of morphing techniques leads to the design of cloaks with interpolated geometries reminiscent of Victor Vasarely's artwork. Employing the case of transformed graphene-like (honeycomb) structures allows one to draw useful analogies between large-scale seismic metamaterials such as soils structured with columns of concrete or grout with soil and nanoscale biochemical metamaterials. We further identify similarities in designs of cloaks for elastodynamic and hydrodynamic waves and cloaks for diffusion (heat or mass) processes, as these are underpinned by geometric transforms. Experimental data extracted from field test analysis of soil structured with boreholes demonstrates the application of crystallography to large scale phononic crystals, coined as seismic metamaterials, as they might exhibit low frequency stop bands. This brings us to the outlook of mechanical metamaterials, with control of phonon emission in graphene through extreme anisotropy, attenuation of vibrations of suspension bridges via low frequency stop bands and the concept of transformed

  4. Sisian, Zorats Karer, Tsits Karer, Karahunge ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martirosyan, Hamlet

    2015-07-01

    The Sisian or Zorats Karer megalithic monument is located in the RA Syunik region, 3 km away from the town of Sisian. There are holes between 4-5 cm in diamater in 85 out of 223 stones that are currently upright, each between 0.5-3 m in height. This pre-historic monument was a worship center, as well as an observatory where the Sun, planets and stars rising and setting were observed between VI-IV millennia B.C. The literal meaning of the construction's original name Sisian means "rising (stones)", and the name Zorats Karer means "stones of the stars" or "stones of the gods". The data from Mesopotamian cuneiform sources and Armenian medieval manuscripts show that the stars (constellations) were considered as personifications of certain gods. In the Zorats Karer worship center, via observations of the rising of a given star, the moment of the respective god's rising from the underground and his influence spreading over the Earth was defined.

  5. La Plana Justa (Xàbia, Alicante: un nuevo yacimiento con materiales fenicios y del ibérico antiguo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Bolufer Marqués

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos el yacimiento protohistórico de la Plana Justa, localizado en el curso de las prospecciones realizadas en los últimos años por el Museu Arqueològic i Etnogràfic Municipal “Soler Blasco” de Xàbia (Alicante. Los restos que se observan en superficie son algunos basamentos de muros y cerámicas –además de otros materiales– que podemos datar entre los ss. VII-V a.C. en base a sus características tecnológicas y a las importaciones presentes, por lo que el asentamiento ofrece buenas perspectivas para el estudio de los períodos más antiguos de la Edad del Hierro. De momentos posteriores son algunas cerámicas de cronología andalusí (ss. X-XI?, indicadoras de una ocupación de escasa entidad que parece situarse en la zona más alta del área que nos ocupa.

  6. Design study of a bar-type EMR device

    KAUST Repository

    Sun, Jian

    2012-05-01

    It is well known that extraordinary magnetoresistance (EMR) depends on the geometric parameters of the EMR device and the locations of the electrodes. In this paper, the performance of a bar-type EMR device is simulated with respect to the device geometry and electrode locations. The performance is evaluated with regards to the output sensitivity of the device, rather than the often analyzed EMR ratio, since it is more relevant than the EMR ratio for potential applications ranging from read heads to smart biomedical sensors. The results obtained with the finite element method show the dependence of the output sensitivity on the device geometry the placements of the electric contacts as well as the strength of the applied magnetic field in different configurations and allow finding the optimum parameters. Within the studied range of -1 to 1 T both IVVI and VIIV configurations show very similar behavior. For EMR sensors of high sensitivity, the results suggest that a simple two-contact device would provide the best performance replacing the conventional four-contact design. © 2012 IEEE.

  7. Starppersonu komunikācijas veida saistība ar pusaudžu pašvērtējumu un vientulības izjūtu

    OpenAIRE

    Kreitūze, Ieva

    2016-01-01

    Pētījuma mērķis ir noskaidrot vai pusaudžu komunikācija ir saistīta ar pusaudžu pašvērtējumu un vientulības izjūtu. Pētījuma mērķa sasniegšanai tika izmantota Rozenberga pašvērtējuma skala, (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg, 1965), UCLA vientulības skala, (The Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1996). Komunikācijas izpētei tika izmantota Interpersonālās komunikācijas skala, (Interpersonal Communication Inventory, Millard & Bienvenu, 1971 Interpersonal Communicat...

  8. The impact of parental self-esteem and parental rearing behavior on adolescent attachment to parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anbo Yang

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study the relationship of parental self-esteem, parental rearing and adolescent adult attachment was investigated. A total 448 senior high school students completed EMBU(Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran, or ―Own memories of parental rearing‖, Perris et al., 1980, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR; Brennan, Clark, &Shaver, 1998, and their parents completed The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES; Rosenberg, 1965. The results suggested that parental global self-esteem has no effect on the adolescent attachment to parents. Parental positive rearing behaviors have been significantly associated with avoidance to parents. Furthermore, the negative rearing behaviors, such as paternal denying and rejecting, maternal punitiveness, maternal overinvolved and overprotective behavior, can predict the adolescent avoidance and anxiety to parents.

  9. High neuroticism at age 20 predicts history of mental disorders and low self-esteem at age 35.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku; Mäkinen, Seppo; Henriksson, Markus

    2009-07-01

    The authors assessed whether neuroticism in emerging adulthood predicts mental disorders and self-esteem in early adulthood after controlling for possible confounding variables. A sample of 69 male military conscripts was initially assessed at age 20 and again as civilians at age 35. The initial assessment included a psychiatric interview, objective indicators of conscript competence, an intellectual performance test, and neuroticism questionnaires. The follow-up assessment included a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID; First, Spitzer, Gibbon, & Williams, 1996) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). Neuroticism predicted future mental disorders and low self-esteem beyond more objective indicators of adjustment. The results support the use of neuroticism as a predictor of future mental disorders, even over periods of time when personality is subject to change.

  10. Using Trait-State Models to Evaluate the Longitudinal Consistency of Global Self-Esteem From Adolescence to Adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnellan, M Brent; Kenny, David A; Trzesniewski, Kali H; Lucas, Richard E; Conger, Rand D

    2012-12-01

    The present research used a latent variable trait-state model to evaluate the longitudinal consistency of self-esteem during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Analyses were based on ten administrations of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) spanning the ages of approximately 13 to 32 for a sample of 451 participants. Results indicated that a completely stable trait factor and an autoregressive trait factor accounted for the majority of the variance in latent self-esteem assessments, whereas state factors accounted for about 16% of the variance in repeated assessments of latent self-esteem. The stability of individual differences in self-esteem increased with age consistent with the cumulative continuity principle of personality development.

  11. Moterų, sergančių krūties vėžiu, savigarbos sąsaja su ligos suvokimu ir suvokiamu socialiniu palaikymu

    OpenAIRE

    Petrukonytė, Renata

    2017-01-01

    Tyrimo tikslas – nustatyti moterų, sergančių krūties vėžiu, savigarbos sąsają su ligos suvokimu ir suvokiamu socialiniu palaikymu. Tyrime dalyvavo 91 Onkologinėmis ligomis sergančių moterų draugijos „Eivena“ ir/ar Kauno apskrities moterų sveikatos draugijos „Alma“ narė, serganti krūties vėžiu. Tiriamųjų amžius svyruoja nuo 37 iki 83 metų. Savigarbai įvertinti buvo naudojama M. Rosenberg (1965) savigarbos skalė (RSE) (angl. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale). Ligos suvokimui įvertinti naudotas...

  12. Self-concept, self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms in persons with intellectual disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garaigordobil, Maite; Pérez, José Ignacio

    2007-05-01

    The purpose of this study is two-fold: (a) to analyze self-concept, self-esteem, and psychopathological symptoms in individuals with and without intellectual disability; and (b) to explore whether there were gender differences in these same variables in both groups. The sample is made up of 170 participants aged 19 to 40, 128 without disability and 42 with intellectual disability. The methodology is descriptive. To measure the variables, three assessment instruments were applied: the "Listado de adjetivos para la evaluaci6n del autoconcepto en adolescentes y adultos" (LAEA; Garaigordobil, in press), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE; Rosenberg, 1965), and the Revised Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90; Derogatis, 1983). The ANOVA showed that participants with intellectual disability scored significantly lower in self-concept and self-esteem, and higher in all the psychopathological symptoms except for somatization. The ANOVA did not reveal significant gender differences in any variables in either of the two groups.

  13. Using Trait-State Models to Evaluate the Longitudinal Consistency of Global Self-Esteem From Adolescence to Adulthood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnellan, M. Brent; Kenny, David A.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Lucas, Richard E.; Conger, Rand D.

    2012-01-01

    The present research used a latent variable trait-state model to evaluate the longitudinal consistency of self-esteem during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Analyses were based on ten administrations of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) spanning the ages of approximately 13 to 32 for a sample of 451 participants. Results indicated that a completely stable trait factor and an autoregressive trait factor accounted for the majority of the variance in latent self-esteem assessments, whereas state factors accounted for about 16% of the variance in repeated assessments of latent self-esteem. The stability of individual differences in self-esteem increased with age consistent with the cumulative continuity principle of personality development. PMID:23180899

  14. Relatia dintre aspectele selfului si performanta candidatilor in cadrul interviurilor de angajare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascu, Diana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to identify the relation between aspects of the self and the candidate's performance during an employment interview. Self-esteem was defined using Rosenberg's perspective, and the self-worth contingencies were defined using the perspective developed by J.Crocker. The Big Five model was described using Costa and McCrae's perspective. Methods: Rosenberg Scale, IPIP and Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale. Participants: 60 subjects that participated in an employment interview. The performance was evaluated by 2 interviewers. The results show a positive correlation between the candidate's self-esteem and their performance at the interview. Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Agreeableness were positively associated with performance at the interview. Competence and competition, as self-worth contingencies, are also positively correlated with a high performance during the employment interview.

  15. Gender differences in self-esteem and happiness among university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malik, S.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985 and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001 were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male students reported significantly higher level of self esteem as compared to the female university students (t = 3.78, df = 117, ***p .05. Furthermore, significant positive relationship was found between happiness and self esteem of students (r = .22*. These findings have implications for helping teachers and parents.

  16. Psychological correlates of optimism in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, R L; Haemmerlie, F M; Ray, D M

    2003-04-01

    This study assessed optimism held by 300 college students at a midwestern university using Scheier and Carver's Life Orientation Test. Optimism ratings were compared to measures of psychological functioning. Analysis showed that optimism was significantly associated with all of the adjustment measures (social, academic, personal, and goal commitment) assessed with Baker and Siryk's Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire, higher self-esteem measured with Rosenberg's Self-esteem scale, and with lower ratings of loneliness as assessed with the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale.

  17. Mother - Daughter Relationship’s links to Daughter’s Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    ONAYLI, Selin; ERDUR-BAKER, Özgür

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the relation of mother - daughter relationship to an adult daughter’s self- esteem and life satisfaction. 426 university students with a mean age of 21.62 (SD= 2.35) participated in the study. Adult Mother - Daughter Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were administered. The canonical correlation analysis revealed that three indicators of mother - daughter relationship (connectedness, interdependency, and trust in hierarchy) ...

  18. Modeling Thermal Inactivation of Bacillus Spores

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    Clostridium perfringens Endospores,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74: 3328-3335 (June 2008). 35. Rosenberg, B.H., Cavalieri, L.F., and...following the heat treatment, the B.a. spores were counted using a Zeiss microscope and allowed to incubate and grow. “ Growth rates are less a function of...5]. Ideal growth times, based on the organisms used, fluctuated between three 2-2 and five hours. Therefore, the spores were allocated a growth

  19. Effective Organization to Deal with Low Intensity Conflict in a Third World Country (Philippines)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-15

    forces? Why do governments fail to contain conflicts? 5 ENDNOTES l.John Schlight, Low Intensity Conflict, Army History , Fall 1990 2.Dennis Drew...difficult environment is not exactly of the people’s own making, but it is more of an historical inheritance. This history dates from the colonial...City, Philippines. 1989 Porter, Gareth. Counterinsurgency in the Philipines : Aquino Was Right. SAIS Review. Summer/Fall 1987 Rosenberger, Leif

  20. Natural and human-induced hypoxia and consequences for coastal areas: Synthesis and future development

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Zhang, J.; Gilbert, D.; Gooday, A.J.; Levin, L.; Naqvi, S.W.A.; Middelburg, J.J.; Scranton, M.; Ekau, W.; Pena, A.; Dewitte, B.; Oguz, T.; Monteiro, M.S.; Urban, E.; Rabalais, N.N.; Ittekkot, V.; Kemp, W.M.; Ulloa, O.; Elmgren, R.; Escobar-Briones, E.; Van der Plas, A.K.

    included fish kills and mortality of benthic species (cf. Pe- tersen, 1915; Sale and Skinner, 1917; Brongersma-Sanders, 1957; Andrews and Rickard, 1980; Mirza and Gray, 1981; Justic et al., 1987; Rosenberg et al., 1987; Patrick, 1988; Gerlach, 1990...) in the coastal environment. In surface waters, high DO can be maintained by photosynthesis (hv is photon en- ergy) and exchange with the atmosphere. Advection and turbulent mixing also affect the DO concentrations for a given water mass. In the deep part...

  1. Primary care provider reflections on context-specific quandaries from special issue on ethical quandaries when delivering integrated primary care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gould, Debra A

    2013-03-01

    Comments on the articles by Robinson & Rickard, (see record 2013-11498-007), Dobmeyer, (see record 2013-11498-008), Mullin & Stenger (see record 2013-11498-009), and Rosenberg & Speice (see record 2013-11498-010) regarding the topic of context-specific quandaries for the special issue on ethical quandaries when delivering integrated primary care. The current author provides brief reflections on each article. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  2. Regulation of the Prostate Cancer Tumor Microenvironment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    of prostate cancer. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 S100A9 Poly(I:C) HMGB-1 CpG Fo ld C ha ng e (E xp /C on tro l) WT KO Figure 2. Increased...1694–703 (2009). 4. Modlin, R. L. & Cheng, G. From plankton to pathogen recognition. Nat Med 10, 1173-4 (2004). 5. Ostrand-Rosenberg, S. & Sinha, P

  3. Lek med lust : 'Theatertanz', genusaspekter och historieskrivning

    OpenAIRE

    Lundgren, Eva

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation treats the choreographic works of Julian Algo (1899-1955), a ballet master in the Royal Opera house in Stockholm 1931-1952, whose experience and education were from Theatertanz, and Swedish dance history about his works. Theoretically it is inspired by post-modern historiography (Jenkins, Munslow, White), queer theory (Sedgwick, Doty, Rosenberg) and research about masculinities in dance (Burt). The first chapter is an introductory survey of Algo’s career in Germany. It shows...

  4. Gene therapies development: slow progress and promising prospect

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna, Eve; R?muzat, C?cile; Auquier, Pascal; Toumi, Mondher

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: In 1989, the concept of human gene therapies has emerged with the first approved human gene therapy trial of Rosenberg et al. Gene therapies are considered as promising therapies applicable to a broad range of diseases. Objective: The objective of this study was to review the descriptive data on gene therapy clinical trials conducted worldwide between 1989 and 2015, and to discuss potential success rates of these trials over time and anticipated market launch in the upcom...

  5. Does Lactation Mitigate Triple Negative/Basal Breast Cancer Progression?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Breast Cancer Res Treat, 2008. 109(1): p. 123-39. 2. Palmer, J.R., et al., Parity and lactation in relation to estrogen receptor negative breast ...Xue F, Michels KB: Lactation and incidence of premenopausal breast cancer : a longitudinal study. Arch Intern Med 2009, 169(15):1364-1371. 19...Palmer JR, Boggs DA, Wise LA, Ambrosone CB, Adams-Campbell LL, Rosenberg L: Parity and lactation in relation to estrogen receptor negative breast cancer

  6. The inferiority complex in paranoia readdressed. A study with the Implicit Association Test

    OpenAIRE

    von Collani, Gernot; Werner, Ronny; Moritz, Steffen

    2006-01-01

    It has been theorised that patients with persecutory delusions display a lack of covert self-esteem (formerly termed the 'inferiority complex'), while at the same time displaying normal or even heightened levels of explicit self-esteem. However, the empirical basis for this assumption is inconsistent. Methods. In view of apparent shortcomings of prior studies to assess implicit self-esteem, the Implicit Association Test was utilised to readdress this theory. The Rosenberg scale served as an i...

  7. Naised vereimejate ümber / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Stephenie Meyeri "Videviku" romaani-saaga (Videvik, Noorkuu, Päikesevarjutus, Koidukuma) ja kahe esimese loo ekraniseeringud on fenomenaalselt populaarsed. Märkimisväärsed naised fenomeni loojate hulgas peale kirjanik Stephenie Meyeri on Bella osatäitja Kristen Stewart, filmide soundtrack'ide koostaja Alexandra Patsavas, sarja esimese filmi režissöör Catherine Hardwicke, saaga filmide stsenarist Melissa Rosenberg ja rock-bändi Paramore lauljatar Hayley Williams

  8. SSC San Diego Biennial Review 2003. Vol 3: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    stimulates hundreds of thousands of cells of the biolumin- escent dinoflagellate Pyrodinium bahamense to emit a visible blue- green light in a...Marine Biology and Ecology , vol. 119, pp. 55–81. 4. Lapota, D., M. L. Geiger, A. V. Stiffey, D. E. Rosenberger, and D. K. Young. 1989. "Correlations...of Planktonic Bioluminescence with Other Oceanographic Parameters from a Norwegian Fjord," Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 55, pp. 217–227. 5

  9. DETONOGRAPHY: MAKING OF MEDIEVAL MINE PRINT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siniša Stanković

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Using the force of explosive authors had made a print of the picture of Renaissance mine onto an aluminium plate. This technique is called Detonography. It has been introduced and developed by Evelin Rosenberg with a number of her colleagues/co-workers, based on “Munroe effect”. To determine the optimal parameters of blasting and supporting materials a large number of laboratory testing has been made on smaller samples.

  10. Simulation Training in Health Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    pediatric care and high-acuity nursing. A recent survey of 1,060 pre-licensure nursing programs in the United States documented the widespread use of...and confi- dence compared to control groups. Finally, Pauly-O’Neill (2009) demonstrated signi- ficant improvement in pediatric medication...Okuda et al., 2009), nursing (Nehring, 2008), and dentistry (Holmboe, Rizzolo, Sachdeva, Rosenberg, & Ziv, 2011). A common method for assessing student

  11. 1783-IJBCS-Article-Kouadio Kouakou Norbert

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Macroinvertebrates, Rosenberg DM,. ReshVH, (eds). Chapman and Hall: New. York, USA; 40-158. Kabré TA, Diguingué D, Bouda S. 2002. Effet du rétrécissement de la superficie d'eau sur les macroinvertébrés benthiques du lac de barrage de la Comoé, Sud-Ouest du Burkina Faso. Sci. Tech., Sci. Nat. Agro., 26: 37 – 49.

  12. Synthesis, Characterization and Reactivity Ratio Study of Poly(di(tri-n-butyltin citraconate-co-N-vinylimidazole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali M. Al-Hazmi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The organotin monomer di(tri-n-butyltin citraconate (DTBTC, I was synthesized. Subsequently this monomer was copolymerized with N-vinylimidazole (VI using a free radical technique. The overall conversion was kept low (≤14% wt/wt for all studied samples and the copolymer composition was determined from tin analysis using the Gilman and Rosenberg method. The synthesized monomer and copolymer were further characterized by elemental analysis, 1H- and 13C-NMR, and FTIR spectroscopy.

  13. Bottom fauna of dredging and dredge spoil disposal sites of a tropical estuary

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sheeba, P.; Jayalakshmy, K.V.; Devi, S.K.

    . These observations lead to the conclusion that finer material than silt is either sedimented or translocated on the seaward side of the dredged site. This factor also excludes the possibility of river-borne material to reach the dredged 228 Sheeba et al... communities were resilient and was able to cope with the stress of anticipated additional loading. A study by Rosenberg (1977) indicated that the reduction in the number and the diversity of organisms are the aftermath of the deleterious effects...

  14. Microbial biomass and organic nutrients in the deep-sea sediments of the Central Indian Ocean Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Raghukumar, C.; Sheelu, G.; LokaBharathi, P.A.; Nair, S.; Mohandass, C.

    boundarylayeroftheabyssalnorthAtlantic.DeepSeaFodChainsandtheGlobalCarbonCycle.1±10.G.T.RoweandV.Pariente(Eds.).KlumerAcademicPublishers,NetherlandsLowry,O.H.,N.J.Rosenberg,A.L.Farr,andK.J.Randall.1951.Proteinmeasurement withtheFolinPhenolreagent.JournalofBiologicalChemistry193....Deepseabacterial® tnesstoenvironmentaltempera-turesandpressures.Pp.17± 32inCurrentperspectiveinhighpressurebiology,H.W.Jannasch,R.E.Marquis,andA.M.Zimmerman,(eds.).AcademicPress,London. 16 C.Raghukumaretal. ...

  15. Targeting CD81 to Prevent Metastases in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    and metastasis of neoplastic lesions. Am J Pathol. 2014 Jan;184(1):28-41. 55. Andreu Z, Yanez-Mo M. Tetraspanins in extracellular vesicle formation...Baniyash M, Sade-Feldman M, Kanterman J. Chronic inflammation and cancer: suppressing the suppressors. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2014 Jan;63(1):11...351-60. 45. Bunt SK, Sinha P, Clements VK, Leips J, Ostrand-Rosenberg S. Inflammation induces myeloid-derived suppressor cells that facilitate tumor

  16. The Relationship of Sexual Abuse with Self-Esteem, Depression, and Problematic Internet Use in Korean Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Bung-Nyun; Park, Subin; Park, Min-Hyeon

    2017-01-01

    The association of sexual victimization with self-esteem, depression, and problematic internet use was examined in Korean adolescents. A total of 695 middle and high school students were recruited (413 boys, 282 girls, mean age, 14.06?1.37 years). The participants were administered the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The associations between sex...

  17. Self-Steem and changes in heart rate during laboratory-based stress.

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Brian M.

    2003-01-01

    The relationship between self-esteem (SE), type of stressor, and fluctuations in heart rate was assessed in a sample of 59 college students (40 females, 19 males; with a mean age of 23.98 years (SEM = 1.0)). SE was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The study assessed whether SE buffers the cardiovascular response to stress by comparing responses to two types of stressor: mental arithmetic and verbal memory. As predicted, an SE x stressor interaction...

  18. The Effects of Acute Stress on Cognitive Performance. A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ratings of agreement on a six-point scale , saved for later analysis of possible personality factors in the data. o The Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale (RSE...SHOP, 2010 for complete task descriptions and graphics): 1. Modified Stanford Sleepiness Scale . Provides a self -assessment of sleep / fatigue state...2. Mood Scale II – Revised. Provides a self -assessment of mood state in terms of seven categories: Vigor, Happiness, Depression, Anger, Fatigue

  19. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ſ3] D A Mendis and M Roseitberg, EEE Trans. Piaxina Sci. 20, 929 (1992). [6] U de Angelis. Phys. Scr: 45, 465 (1992). [7] D A Mendis and M. Rosenberg, Annu. Rey. Astroń, Astrophys. 32, 449 (1994). [8] B Feuerbacher, R T Willis and B Fitton, Astrophys. J. #81. 101 (1973). [9] H Fechting, E Grün and G E Morfill, Pianet.

  20. Devalveerimise pooldajad ja vastased / Edward Hugh ; intervjueerinud Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hugh, Edward

    2009-01-01

    RGE Monitori ökonomisti hinnangul oleks Eestil võimalik devalveerimist lihtsamalt, tulemuslikumalt ja valutumalt läbi viia kui Lätil. Praeguses majanduskriisis oleks lahendus Lätile, Eestile ja kogu Ida-Euroopale kohene euroga liitumine. Göran Lind räägib Rootsi kogemusest krooni devalveerimisel, Christopher Rosenberg nimetab põhjused, miks Läti ja IMF-i programm ei sisalda devalveerimist

  1. A Monte Carlo Based Analysis of Optimal Design Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    Kepler and E. S. Rosenberg, Modeling HIV immune response and validation with clinical data, CRSC-TR07-09, March 2007; J. Biological Dynamics, 2 (2008...Processes, Chapman and Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL, 2009. [11] M.P.F. Berger and W.K. Wong (Editors), Applied Optimal Designs, John Wiley & Sons, Chich...ester, UK, 2005. [12] P. Billingsley, Convergence of Probability Measures, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1968. [13] M. Davidian and D. Giltinan

  2. Self-Esteem’s Relations to Empathy and Parenting

    OpenAIRE

    Violeta Pavlova Cone

    2016-01-01

    The article is looking into theoretical and research relations between self-esteem, empathy and parenting. The empirical study was carried out among 199 undergraduate US students and measured empathy (Empathy Quotient and Interpersonal Reactivity Index), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale) and perceived parenting (Parental Bonding Instrument). The results showed no direct relation between empathy and self-esteem, as measured by the instruments in this sample. The care dimension of the p...

  3. Use and Analysis of Finite Element Methods for Problems of Solid Mechanics and Fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-19

    meshes was undertaken separately, and some superconvergent error estimates on quasiuniform mesh partition- of simplex elements were derived, see Ref 6...Mathematics. Brunel University, 1992 6 R D Lazarov, A I Pehlivanov and J R Whiteman, Superconvergence of recovered gradients for simplex finite element...Sciences, Centro Internacional de Metodos Numnericos en Ingenieria, Barcelona, 1992 11 1 |l!avacek, J Rosenberg, A E Beagles and J R Whiteman

  4. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Romero, J · Rominski, S · Rominski, Sarah · Rominski, SD · Rondini, S · Ronsmans, C · Rosenberg, NE · Ross, J · Ross, JA · Ross, MW 1 - 50 of 63 Items 1 2 > >>. ISSN: 1118-4841. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners ...

  5. An Analysis of Futsal Players' Self-Esteem Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocak, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-esteem levels of futsal players according to certain variables. The samples of the study constituted 119 females and 96 males; a total of 215 players with an average age of 21.57 ± 2.20 years. The research was carried out with the end of "Rosenberg self-esteem Scale" developed by…

  6. Contribution of Self-Esteem and Collective Self-Esteem in Predicting Depression

    OpenAIRE

    Shraddha Sharma; Surila Agarwala

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted with the purpose to examine the relationship among self-esteem, collective self-esteem and depression. Anotherobjective was to study the contribution of self-esteem and collective self-esteem in predicting depression. Beck Depression Inventory (1996),Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (1985) and Collective Self-Esteem Inventory by Luhtanen and Crocker (1992) were used to measuredepression, self-esteem and collective self-esteem respectively. Study was carried out on 2...

  7. Buddolog Otton Ottonovitsh Rozenberg i Estonia / Mart Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaal sündinud ülemaailmse tuntusega orientalist Otto Rosenberg arendas edasi Vassili Vassiljevi ideed "graafilisest alfabeedist" - hieroglüüfide järjestatusest nende graafiliste elementide järgi, temast sai Peterburi ülikooli esimene doktor jaapani keele ja kirjanduse alal, ta suri Tallinnas 26. novembril 1919 ja maeti Kopli kalmistule. Lisatud dokumendid, mis tõestavad tema surma 1919. aasta sügisel Tallinnas

  8. Exploring relationships between facets of self-esteem and drinking behavior among diverse groups of young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Pedersen, Eric R.; Hsu, Sharon Hsin; Neighbors, Clayton; Paves, Andrew P.; Larimer, Mary E.

    2013-01-01

    Theory and empirical evidence suggest that North American-based measures of self-esteem, which measure individualistic positive self-regard, may be less applicable to Eastern cultures. In the present exploratory study, we examined how different conceptualizations of self-esteem, as measured by the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and the Collective Self-esteem (CSE) Scale, predicted drinking behavior among three groups of American college students (N = 326) with varying ethnicities: White, Korean,...

  9. Time series monitoring of water quality and microalgal diversity in a tropical bay under intense anthropogenic interference (SW coast of the Bay of Bengal, India)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shaik, A.R.; Biswas, H.; Reddy, N.P.C.; Rao, V.S.; Bharathi, M.D.; Subbaiah, Ch.V.

    are increasing in an alarming rate and are indeed detrimental for the aquatic ecosystems (Diaz and Rosenberg 2008). Various amounts and types of material (organic/inorganic, dissolved/ particulate) input into the coastal systems from land based anthropogenic... consumption per day at that temperature. Petroleum hydro carbons (PHC) determined spectroflourometrically (following the methodology of IOC- UNESCO manual, 1984) after extracting an aliquot of water sample from 1litre of sample collected with n...

  10. Self-esteem and Individual Wealth

    OpenAIRE

    Swarn CHATTERJEE; Finke, Michael; Harness, Nathaniel

    2008-01-01

    Self-esteem measures confidence in one’s abilities. Prior literature has shown that higher self-esteem can also affect individual financial decision making through an increased willingness to invest in risky assets and motivation to enhance self image through wealth accumulation. However, self-esteem can also lead to wealth-destroying investment behaviors due to overconfidence and an unwillingness to accept inevitable losses. Using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale included in the National Long...

  11. False-positive HIV nucleic acid amplification testing during CAR T-cell therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariza-Heredia, Ella J; Granwehr, Bruno P; Viola, George M; Bhatti, Micah; Kelley, James M; Kochenderfer, James; Hosing, Chitra

    2017-08-01

    Advancements in immunotherapy have opened a new era in oncology, to include genetic modification of human T-cells to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that enables targeted tumor recognition (Kochenderfer et al., 2015; Lee et al., 2015; Maus and Levine 2016; Rosenberg et al., 2008). Herein, we report a false-positive HIV testing in a patient who had undergone CAR T-cell therapy created with a lentiviral vector. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. いじめの被害―加害体験と自尊感情との関係 : 大学生を対象にした遡及的調査研究

    OpenAIRE

    吉川, 延代; 今野, 義孝; 会沢, 信彦

    2013-01-01

    It has been argued that there is a close relationship between bullying and self-esteem. This study sought to determine the relationship between having been bullied or bullying others and present levels of self-esteem. Participants were 349 students (194 male and 155 females) attending two private colleges in the Tokyo area. Participants completed a questionnaire measuring the frequency, degree, age, and types of bullying behavior experienced or committed. The Japanese version of the Rosenberg...

  13. 女子学生のホープと自己について : 学生生活の満足度との関係を手がかりに

    OpenAIRE

    富岡, 比呂子; Hiroko I., TOMIOKA

    2010-01-01

    Japanese translation of the Hope Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Self-Description Questionnaire III (SDQ) were administered to 203 female college students. Furthermore, satisfaction ratings of student life (study, club activity, peer relationship, and job hunting) were measured. The results showed that : (1) the factor analysis supported the expected underlying subdivided 2 factors in the Hope Scale and Self-Esteem Scale, whereas the factor analysis showed 8 factor structure in th...

  14. A Disproportionate Burden of Care: Gender Differences in Mental Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Social Support in Mexican Multiple Sclerosis Caregivers

    OpenAIRE

    Paul B. Perrin; Ivan Panyavin; Alejandra Morlett Paredes; Adriana Aguayo; Miguel Angel Macias; Brenda Rabago; Sandra J. Fulton Picot; Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla

    2015-01-01

    Background. Multiple sclerosis (MS) rates in Latin America are increasing, and caregivers there experience reduced mental and physical health. Based on rigid gender roles in Latin America, women more often assume caregiving duties, yet the differential impact on women of these duties is unknown. Methods. This study examined gender differences in mental health (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Zarit Bu...

  15. AGU members receive Fulbrights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Five AGU members were granted senior Fulbright awards for university teaching and advanced research abroad for 1981-1982, according to the U.S. International Communications Agency and the Board of Foreign Scholarships.Yvonne Herman-Rosenberg, associate professor of geology at the Washington State University in Pullman, will research Black Sea Quaternary benthoic foraminifera as indicators of sea-level fluctuations. The research will be conducted at the University of Bucharest in Romania from May through July, 1982.

  16. The relation of self-esteem and illegal drug usage in high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khajehdaluee, Mohammad; Zavar, Abbas; Alidoust, Mahbobeh; Pourandi, Razieh

    2013-11-01

    Adolescence is the period of stress and strain. Researchers have shown that adolescents without strong social supports would have tendency towards smoking and drug abuse. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between low self-esteem and illegal drug abuse. Participants were 943 grades nine to 12 high school students, from Sarakhs during 2010 - 2011. Adolescents participated in the study, completed two self-report questionnaires. The first questionnaire included questions about individual and family information, smoking and illegal drug abuse history, and the second was the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale. 53.8% of participants were male (507 individuals). The mean Rosenberg self-esteem score was 19.8 + 5.2, and the most frequent obtained scores were from 22 to 30. The difference of Rosenberg self-esteem score test between students who did not use any substance and those who had a history of smoking or drug abuse like heroin, pills, alcohols, betel nut (Nas) and other drugs (such as Pan and Hookah) was significant (P self-esteem scores between adolescents who lived with both or one of the parents, and those who did not live with any of parents, was significant (P = 0.04). There was also a significant association between the number of children in the family and self-esteem score. The current study showed significant association between the Rosenberg self-esteem test results and smoking, and illegal drug abuse like heroin, pills, alcohol, Nas, and other substances. Therefore, increasing self-esteem is essential for preventing the adolescents' emotional and behavioral disorders. This fact could guide us to the new approaches for smoking and drug-abuse prevention in adolescents.

  17. Money Attitude, Self-esteem and Compulsive Buying in a Population of Medical Students

    OpenAIRE

    Michel eLejoyeux; Charlotte eRichoux-Benhaim; Hannah eLöhnardt; Valérie eLequen

    2011-01-01

    This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer’s scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB +). Sex ratio...

  18. Money Attitude, Self-esteem, and Compulsive Buying in a Population of Medical Students

    OpenAIRE

    Lejoyeux, Michel; Richoux-Benhaim, Charlotte; Betizeau, Annabelle; Lequen, Valérie; Lohnhardt, Hannah

    2011-01-01

    This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style, and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer's scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB+). Sex ratio...

  19. Hollingsworth v. Perry : Same-Sex Marriage, the Courts, and Social Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Flatmo, Endre Isachsen

    2014-01-01

    The history of same-sex marriage litigation has often been a story of courts making decisions in opposition to public opinion, which as a result has created powerful political backlash. George N. Rosenberg has argued that when courts try to create social reform without significant political and public support, they will create political backlash against the very issue they have ruled in favor of. William N. Eskridge proposes a different theory and concludes that courts have significantly adva...

  20. The impact of breast reconstruction on self-esteem and body image in patients with breast cancer [Impacto de la reconstrucción mamaria sobre la autoestima y la imagen corporal en pacientes con cáncer de mama

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Martín Rodríguez; Mercedes Borda Más; Maria Ángeles Pérez San Gregorio; Maria Esther Rincón Fernández

    2012-01-01

    The surgical treatment of breast cancer can change patients’ physical ap- pearance and lead to important physical sequelae. Therefore, in order to ascertain whether the level of satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome, as well as with regard to self-esteem or the body image in these patients, dif- fers depending on the kind of surgery undergone (unilateral mastectomy or breast reconstruction), a total of 72 patients were studied. To this end, a Psychosocial Survey, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem (...

  1. PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCOMITANTS OF CROSSFIT TRAINING: DOES MORE EXERCISE REALLY MAKE YOUR EVERYDAY PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONING BETTER?

    OpenAIRE

    Köteles, Ferenc; Kollsete, Maria; Kollsete, Hannah

    2016-01-01

    The research aimed at studying relationships between characteristics of CrossFit training (time elapsed from starting with training, weekly session frequency) and indicators of well-being, self-esteem, body awareness, satisfaction with body image, and perceived body competence. Participants, 186 Norwegian individuals (57.5% female; mean age: 28.9±7.81 years) regularly participating in CrossFit, completed online surveys (WHO-5 Well-being Scale, PANAS, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Body Aware...

  2. ‘Urbanisation of Everybody’, Institutional Imperatives, and Social Transformation in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad A. Qadeer

    1999-01-01

    Cultural change and social transformation are essential elements of the process of development. They complement and sustain economic growth. Economic historians acknowledge that the rise of the West from poverty to wealth was as much the result of improvements in trade, savings, investment and productivity as of emerging norms of thrift, trust, specialisation, rationality and contractual relations [Rosenberg and Birdzell (1986)]. In fact, it would not be an exaggeration to say that economic d...

  3. The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors on Neurogenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-31

    3 noted that the adult cortex is also capable of generating new neurons that have been found in the prefrontal, inferior temporal, and posterior...lateral sclerosis in mice and humans and protects motoneurons against ischemic death. Nat Genet 2003, 34:383-394. 72. Svensson B, Peters M, Konig...Treatment of motoneuron degeneration by intracerebroventricular delivery of VEGF in a rat model of ALS. Nat Neurosci 2005, 8:85-92. 80. Rosenberg CL

  4. The Relationship of Self Esteem and Humor Styles in First Class Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Soner Cakmak; Gonca Karakus; Lut Tamam; Ali Tasdemir; Mahmut Onur Karaytug

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Self-esteem and humor styles are significant factors for being a healthy person. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation ship between self-esteem and humor styles in medical students. Material and Methods: Two hundred three medical students (107 males, 96 females) were included this study. Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and humor style was measured with Humor Styles Questionnaire. Results: The rate of students who have mild or high ...

  5. Influence of the Bullying Victim Position on Aggressive Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Huseynova E.A.,; Yenikolopov S. N.

    2014-01-01

    In a study involving 150 adolescents aged 15 to 18 years the emphasis was placed on the connection of the bullying victim position and level of aggressiveness. The following methods were used: a questionnaire, a method of sociometry, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Bass-Perry aggressive behavior diagnosis questionnaire. We tested the assumption that the people occupying the bullying victim position, have a high level of aggression. Analysis of the results showed that the greatest number of subje...

  6. Perceived stigma, self-esteem and social comparison of people with intellectual disability

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Ivana; Milačić-Vidojević Ivona

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between self-esteem, perceived stigma and social comparison of persons with intellectual disabilities. The sample consisted of 100 persons with mild and moderate intellectual disability, aged 18 years and older, of different sexes, with or without stigmatized characteristics, who lived in an institution or in a family. We used questionnaires of Perceived stigma, Adapted Scale of Social Comparison and Adapted Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. ...

  7. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago José Canali

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9% had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%. Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study.

  8. Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canali, Tiago José; Oliveira, Sylvia Marina Soares de; Reduit, Deivid Montero; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho; Feldens, Viviane Pessi

    2014-11-01

    This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%). Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study.

  9. A social work study on the effects of self-esteem games on elementary female self-esteem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samaneh Moein

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Researchers and clinicians from many disciplines are interested in learning more about the effects of self-esteem. Self-esteem affects motivation, functional behavior, and life satisfaction, and it is associated with well-being throughout life, significantly. What individuals choose to do and the way they do it in part may depend on their self-esteem and it can also fulfill the aims of mental health. This paper presents an investigation to determine the effect of play on children’s self-esteem and surveys appropriate interventions in this area. This study was semi experimental and the sample was 3rd grade elementary students who were randomly assigned into control (n=15 and experimental (n=15 groups. The instrument was Rosenberg self-esteem scale [Rosenberg, M. (1965. Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSE. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Measures Package, 61.]. Independent variable was 12 group sessions of self-esteem games executed among experimental group. Data was analyzed with univariate analysis of covariance. Results showed that self-esteem games in α ≤ 0.05 were affected on self-esteem of children. Self-esteem game can be effective intervention for children self-esteem that with them control of factors such as time and children interactions with parent and teachers in future investigations could lead to greater confidence in its effectiveness discussed.

  10. Recording and Modeling of Fortresses and Castles with Uas. Some Study Cases in Jaen (southern Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardenal, J.; Pérez, J. L.; Mata, E.; Delgado, J.; Gómez-López, J. M.; Colomo, C.; Mozas, A.

    2016-06-01

    The province of Jaen (Southern Spain) has one of the largest concentrations of medieval fortresses of all Europe. Moreover ancient Iberian settlements located in oppida (fortified villages) and dated at VI-IV BC also are outstanding examples of historical heritage landmarks in the region. Most of these places are being restored or under documentation analysis to prevent their progressive deterioration. These places have several geometric characteristics in common, such as isolated locations, elongated shapes, largemedium size objects (in the order of tens to few hundred of meters), architectural features with vertical development (such as masonry or rammed earth walls, towers, gates, battlements, etc) or without it (walls, buildings or paths layouts at ground level). The object size, the required level of details and accuracy (of the order of some few cm) and both vertical and horizontal features imply that present UAS techniques can be advantageously used with respect to conventional aerial and terrestrial photogrammetric techniques. Vertical stereoscopic and oblique convergent UAS photogrammetric networks combined with processing techniques based on Structure from Motion (SfM) algorithms allow detailed low cost 2D/3D products. The proper selection of the UAS, camera, image acquisition mode (stop and/or cruising), the network and the processing software will determine the quality of final products and their usefulness in metric documentation, 3D modelization or museology. The efficiency of the use of UAS has been analyzed in several selected examples in Jaen (Burgalimar and Berrueco castles, Xth and XIIIth centuries, respectively, and the Iberian Puente Tablas oppidum, Vth-IVth centuries BC).

  11. RECORDING AND MODELING OF FORTRESSES AND CASTLES WITH UAS. SOME STUDY CASES IN JAEN (SOUTHERN SPAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Cardenal

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The province of Jaen (Southern Spain has one of the largest concentrations of medieval fortresses of all Europe. Moreover ancient Iberian settlements located in oppida (fortified villages and dated at VI-IV BC also are outstanding examples of historical heritage landmarks in the region. Most of these places are being restored or under documentation analysis to prevent their progressive deterioration. These places have several geometric characteristics in common, such as isolated locations, elongated shapes, largemedium size objects (in the order of tens to few hundred of meters, architectural features with vertical development (such as masonry or rammed earth walls, towers, gates, battlements, etc or without it (walls, buildings or paths layouts at ground level. The object size, the required level of details and accuracy (of the order of some few cm and both vertical and horizontal features imply that present UAS techniques can be advantageously used with respect to conventional aerial and terrestrial photogrammetric techniques. Vertical stereoscopic and oblique convergent UAS photogrammetric networks combined with processing techniques based on Structure from Motion (SfM algorithms allow detailed low cost 2D/3D products. The proper selection of the UAS, camera, image acquisition mode (stop and/or cruising, the network and the processing software will determine the quality of final products and their usefulness in metric documentation, 3D modelization or museology. The efficiency of the use of UAS has been analyzed in several selected examples in Jaen (Burgalimar and Berrueco castles, Xth and XIIIth centuries, respectively, and the Iberian Puente Tablas oppidum, Vth-IVth centuries BC.

  12. Configuração familiar, género e coping em adolescentes: papel dos pares Configuración familiar, género y el coping en adolescentes: el rol de los pares Family configuration, gender and coping in adolescents: the role of peers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Costa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Relações interpessoais estabelecidas no contexto de institucionalização, nomeadamente com os pares, são fontes relevantes de suporte emocional e facilitador do processo adaptativo na fase de transição para a adultícia. O objectivo do presente estudo prende-se com a análise da qualidade da ligação de adolescentes aos pares e do seu efeito preditor nas estratégias de coping dos jovens. Pretende-se ainda testar o papel moderador da configuração familiar e do género na associação entre a ligação aos pares e as estratégias de coping. A amostra é composta por 311 adolescentes, 145 institucionalizados e 166 de famílias tradicionais, entre os 14 e os 18 anos, de ambos os géneros. A recolha de dados foi realizada através da Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Inventory of Peer and Parental Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987 e o COPE Inventory (Carver, Weintraub & Scheider, 1989. Os resultados sugerem que a qualidade da ligação aos pares se mostra relevante na predição das estratégias de coping adaptativas (coping activo e uso de suporte social emocional.El establecimiento de las relaciones interpersonales en el contexto de la institucionalización, en particular con los pares es un importante fuente de apoyo emocional y facilitador del proceso de adaptación en la transición hacia la edad adulta. El objetivo de este estudio es el análisis de la calidad de la relación con los pares y su efecto predictivo en las estrategias de coping de los jóvenes. Otro objetivo es poner a prueba el papel moderador de la configuración familiar y el género en la asociación entre la relación con los pares y estrategias de coping. La muestra está compuesta por 311 adolescentes, 145 y 166 familias tradicionales institucionalizadas, entre 14 y 18 años, de ambos sexos. Los datos han sido recogidos con recurso al Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Inventory of Peer and Parental Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987 y

  13. Evaporation Dynamics of a Seven-Component Mixture Containing Nerve Agent Simulants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-01

    800 1000 1200 1400 1600 D M M P M as s Lo ss R at e (  g/ m in ) Time (min) 10 Blank 11 LITERATURE CITED 1. Atkins , P.W. Physical ... Chemistry ; 1978; pp 210–213; ISBN 0-7167-0187-1. 2. Klotz, I.M.; Rosenberg, R.M. Chemical Thermodynamics. In Basic...D.; Lawrenson, I.J.; Sprake, C.H.S. The Vapour Pressure of Naphthalene. NPL Report DCS 1/75, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington J. Chem

  14. The Mechanosensory Ca2+ Channel as a Central Regulator of Prostate Tumor Cell Migration and Invasiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    TRPC3 (65 pS) > TRPC5 (50 pS) > TRPC4 (32 pS) TRPC6 (31 pS)> TRPC1 (20 pS) for estimates made from cell‐attached recordings with 100‐ to 150 ‐mM Naþ...proteins like albumin into the urine ( proteinuria ). Mutations in TRPC6 were associated with familial FSGS and implicated in aberrant Ca2þ signaling...subcellular organelles. J. Cell Physiol. 150 , 593–609. Wes, P. D., Chevesich, J., Jeromin, A., Rosenberg, C., Stetten, G., and Montell, C. (1995). TRPC1

  15. Relationships among self-esteem, stress, and physical activity in college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbs, Allison; Doyle, Eva I; Bowden, Rodney G; Doyle, Robert D

    2012-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify population and sex-specific relationships between perceived stress, self-esteem, and physical activity in college students. 90 students, ages 18 and older and enrolled in five sections of a health and human behavior class during the spring 2010 semester, were contacted for this study with 74 consenting to serve as study participants. Each participant completed three surveys: the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Significant correlations were observed between perceived stress and self-esteem in men, and in women. Physical activity was not significantly correlated with perceived stress or self-esteem.

  16. Non-commutative symplectic NQ-geometry and Courant algebroids

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Álvarez, David

    2016-01-01

    Tesis Doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Matemáticas. Fecha de lectura: 26 de enero de 2016 En esta tesis proponemos una noción de algebroide de Courant no conmutativo que satisface el principio de Kontsevich–Rosenberg, según el cual una estructura sobre un álgebra asociativa tiene significado geométrico si induce las estructuras geométricas estándar sobre sus espacios de representaciones. Reemplazando los campos v...

  17. A Conversation on Standard 90.1-2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erbe, Drake; Lord, Richard; Sciarra, Leonard [Len; Richman, Eric E.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Athalye, Rahul A.; Liu, Bing; Glazer, Jason

    2016-12-08

    The roundtable discussion: A Conversation on Standard 90.1-2016, highlights some of the major changes one can expect to see in building envelope, mechanical system, and lighting requirements. In addition, the article highlights a new performance-based compliance path, climate zone revisions, and the strategic initiatives resulting in the new format. This roundtable was conducted by ASHRAE Journal with Drake Erbe, Member ASHRAE; Dick Lord, Fellow ASHRAE; Len Sciarra, AIA, Member ASHRAE; Eric Richman, Member ASHRAE; Michael Rosenberg, Member ASHRAE; Rahul Athalye, Associate Member ASHRAE; Bing Liu, P.E., Member ASHRAE; and Jason Glazer, P.E., Member ASHRAE.

  18. Synthesis and Characterization of Organotin Containing Copolymers: Reactivity Ratio Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed H. El-Newehy

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Organotin monomers containing dibutyltin groups – dibutyltin citraconate (DBTC as a new monomer and dibutyltin maleate (DBTM – were synthesized. Free radical copolymerizations of the organotin monomers with styrene (ST and butyl acrylate (BA were performed. The overall conversion was kept low (≤15% wt/wt for all studied samples and the copolymers composition was determined from tin analysis using the Gillman and Rosenberg method. The reactivity ratios were calculated from the copolymer composition using the Fineman-Ross (FR method. The synthesized monomers were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H-, 13C-NMR and FTIR spectroscopy.

  19. Geochemistry, environmental and provenance study of the Middle Miocene Leitha limestones (Central Paratethys)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Ahmed; Wagreich, Michael

    2017-06-01

    Mineralogical, major, minor, REE and trace element analyses of rock samples were performed on Middle Miocene limestones (Leitha limestones, Badenian) collected from four localities from Austria (Mannersdorf, Wöllersdorf, Kummer and Rosenberg quarries) and the Fertőrákos quarry in Hungary. Impure to pure limestones (i.e. limited by Al2O3 contents above or below 0.43 wt. %) were tested to evaluate the applicability of various geochemical proxies and indices in regard to provenance and palaeoenvironmental interpretations. Pure and impure limestones from Mannersdorf and Wöllersdorf (southern Vienna Basin) show signs of detrital input (REEs = 27.6 ± 9.8 ppm, Ce anomaly = 0.95 ± 0.1 and the presence of quartz, muscovite and clay minerals in impure limestones) and diagenetic influence (low contents of, e.g., Sr = 221 ± 49 ppm, Na is not detected, Ba = 15.6 ± 8.8 ppm in pure limestones). Thus, in both limestones the reconstruction of original sedimentary palaeoenvironments by geochemistry is hampered. The Kummer and Fertőrákos (Eisenstadt-Sopron Basin) comprise pure limestones (e.g., averages Sr = 571 ± 139 ppm, Na = 213 ± 56 ppm, Ba = 21 ± 4 ppm, REEs = 16 ± 3 ppm and Ce anomaly = 0.62 ± 0.05 and composed predominantly of calcite) exhibiting negligible diagenesis. Deposition under a shallow-water, well oxygenated to intermittent dysoxic marine environment can be reconstructed. Pure to impure limestones at Rosenberg-Retznei (Styrian Basin) are affected to some extent by detrital input and volcano-siliciclastic admixture. The Leitha limestones at Rosenberg have the least diagenetic influence among the studied localities (i.e. averages Sr = 1271 ± 261 ppm, Na = 315 ± 195 ppm, Ba = 32 ± 15 ppm, REEs = 9.8 ± 4.2 ppm and Ce anomaly = 0.77 ± 0.1 and consist of calcite, minor dolomite and quartz). The siliciclastic sources are characterized by immobile elemental ratios (i.e. La/Sc and Th/Co) which apply not only for the siliciclastics, but also for marls and

  20. El “átomo social” y la ontología de la realidad institucional para John Searle

    OpenAIRE

    Guzmán Castro, Gabriel Francisco

    2012-01-01

    Hay una discusión permanente en la filosofía de las ciencias sociales a propósito del grado de similitud entre las ciencias sociales y naturales. Específicamente, existe una posición que establece que las ciencias sociales deben, y de hecho pueden, asimilarse a las ciencias naturales en cuanto a la formulación de leyes universales como base de sus teorías. Desde el punto de vista de algunos filósofos importantes, como Nagel (1961) y Rosenberg (1992), lo anterior no se ha dado debido a la impo...

  1. Body dissatisfaction and psychological distress in adolescents: Is self-esteem a mediator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duchesne, Annie-Pier; Dion, Jacinthe; Lalande, Daniel; Bégin, Catherine; Émond, Claudie; Lalande, Gilles; McDuff, Pierre

    2017-10-01

    This brief report tests the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression and anxiety. A sample of 409 adolescents (females = 58.4%) aged between 14 and 18 years completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Contour Drawing Rating Scale, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Overall, results for the indirect effects analysis were significant for both anxiety and depression, which confirmed the mediating role of self-esteem. Thus, a negative perception of one's body image has the effect of lowering self-esteem, which in turn increases psychological distress.

  2. The effect of education given before surgery on self-esteem and body image in women undergoing hysterectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Yaman, ?eng?l; Ayaz, Sultan

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of information provided before surgery on the self-esteem and body image of women undergoing hysterectomy. Materials and Methods: The study had a semi-experimental design with pre-post tests. A total of 60 women were included in the study and divided into two groups, the intervention group (n=30) and control group (n=30). A questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and the body image scale were used to collect data. Results: The pre- and post-test body ...

  3. Effect of caring for the caregiver course on self-steem and stress

    OpenAIRE

    Graça Martini; Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of caring for the Caregiver course on self-esteem and stress. 26 participants were assessed by applying the scale of self-esteem Rosenberg and Stress Perception Scale before and after the course. For comparison before and after the outcomes’s test for independent samples and the Wilcoxon test were used to evaluate the association we used a X2 RXC and was even held a Spearman correlation. Statistically significant differences were found de...

  4. Relación entre riesgo suicida, autoestima, desesperanza y estilos de socialización parental en estudiantes de bachillerato/ Relations between suicidal risk, self-steem, despair and parental socialization styles in high school students

    OpenAIRE

    José Alonso Andrade Salazar; Juan Gonzáles Portillo

    2017-01-01

    Este trabajo es resultado de una investigación empírico-analítica, realizada con un diseño descriptivo-correlacional y de corte-transversal. Su objetivo consistió en describir la relación entre niveles de autoestima, riesgo suicida y estilos de socialización parental, para lo cual se aplicaron: la escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg, la escala de Desesperanza de Beck, Weissman, Lester, y Trexler (1974) y la escala de Socialización Parental ESPA-29. El estudio encontró que la autoestima no se...

  5. Effect of perceived organizational support on suicidal ideation of young employees: The mediator role of self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Jinyan; Ji, Yongbao; Li, Ping; Zhao, Hao

    2017-09-01

    This study aimed to explore the relationships among perceived organizational support, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation of young employees. A total of 447 unmarried employees completed the survey of perceived organizational support, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and suicide ideation scale. The results revealed that perceived organizational support, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation were significantly correlated with each other. Stepwise regression analysis and path analysis both indicated that self-esteem partially mediated the effect of perceived organizational support on suicidal ideation.

  6. ノウコウソクハッショウゴノカンジャニオケルRosenbergジソンカンジョウシャクドノシンライセイ・ダトウセイ

    OpenAIRE

    篠原, 純子; 児玉, 和紀; 迫田, 勝則; 金久, 重子; 百本, 文子

    2002-01-01

    The reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale with Japanese patients after stroke was examined. Subjects were outpatients between 6 months and 3 years post stroke of cerebral infarction. Two kinds of Self-Esteem were examined. One was that of the present time. The other was that of the past time (Respondents recalled their Self-Esteem before having a stroke). The respondents were 38 people who consisted of 26 males and 12 females. Twenty-eight of thirty-eight respondents ans...

  7. Aspects of self differ among physically active and inactive youths

    OpenAIRE

    Veselska, Zuzana; Geckova, Andrea Madarasova; Reijneveld, Sijmen A.; van Dijk, Jitse P.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to explore connection between aspects of self and levels of physical activity among adolescents. An international sample of 501 elementary school students (mean age 14.7 +/- A 0.9 years, 48.5% males) from the Slovak and Czech Republics completed the Self-competence/Self-liking Scale, the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale, the Self-efficacy Scale and a question on their physical activity. Respondents were divided into three groups: (1) no physical activity; (2) infrequent...

  8. Retos de la comunicación educativa en el siglo XXI

    OpenAIRE

    VV.AA,

    2012-01-01

    Lourdes LATAPÍ RUIZ, El aislamiento originado por las TICS. Irene FERNÁNDEZ MONFERRER ; Pedro ARENAS WILSON, Escuela, medios y aprendizaje : perspectiva crítica para la aplicación de habilidades educomunicativas en el aula. Almudena ESTEBAN ; Andrés ROSENBERG, La importancia de despertar inquietudes. Myriam CATRILEO ; María Alejandra HERNÁNDEZ, Escuela virtual, una alternativa para el cambio de saberes. Lorena CAIMANQUE ; Luis RIVERA, Enseñanza : una de las más altas poesías. Cheng Cheng TANG...

  9. Parameter Selection Methods in Inverse Problem Formulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-03

    Hu, G.M. Kepler , and E.S. Rosenberg, Modeling HIV immune response and validation with clinical data, CRSC-TR07-09, March, 2007; J. Biological Dynamics...forms and identifiability, IEEE Trans. Automat. Contr. AC-19 (1974), 640 – 645. [40] G.H. Golub and C.F. Van Loan, Matrix Computations, Johns Hopkins...system, J. Math. Biology 31 (1993), 611 – 631. [46] D.G. Luenberger, Optimization by Vector Space Methods, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, 1969. [47] A.K

  10. Variables de personalidad asociadas en la dinámica bullying (agresores versus víctimas) en niños y niñas de 10 a 15 años

    OpenAIRE

    Cerezo Ramírez, Fuensanta

    2001-01-01

    El presente trabajo resume una investigación que nos permitió comprobar algunas variables de personalidad y socialización asociadas a cada una de las partes de la dinámica bullying: agresores y víctimas. Sobre una muestra de 315 escolares de 10 a 15 años, se detectaron 36 alumnos bullies y 17 víctimas mediante el cuestionario Bull (Cerezo y Esteban, 1994), estos sujetos completaron el cuestionario de personalidad EPQ-J Eysenck, el de Autoestima de Rosenberg (Ad...

  11. STAT6 Deletion Enhances Immunity to Mammary Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    diabetes in D.G. Quiiceno, J. B. choa, and A. C. Ochoa. 2003. L-Arginine consumption by neonatal mice. J. hinininol. 157:978. 17. Ho, W. Y., M. P. Cooke...bottomed plates with 5 X 10’ DOI 1.10 T cells, the is 1 o indicated number of DCs, and 10 ).g ovalbumin (Sigma) orl p.g ova peptide 0 is o 323-339...CD4+CD25’ immnoregulatory T cells that control autoimmune diabetes . In- munit., 12:431. immunity to 4T1 (Clements and Ostrand-Rosenberg, unpublished

  12. TÜ, TPÜ ja EHI uusi magistreid / Eda Tursk, Hille Roots, Heidi Meier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tursk, Eda

    2004-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse osakonnas ning kirjanduse ja rahvaluule osakonnas kaitsesid 2003.a. magistritööd Niina Aasmäe, Piret Voll, Larissa Degel, Reet Hendrikson, Tiina Pai, Petar Kehayov, Anna Baidullina, Katrin Ennus, Kristi Jõesaar, Ell Vahtramäe, Lauri Sommer, Andreas Kalkun, Mirjam Hinrikus, Kristel Nõlvak. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolis kaitsesid 2003.a. magistritööd Sirje Nootre, Merike Mägedi, Tiiu Koovit, Heidi Meier, Jaanika Stackhouse, Lilian Ossi, Annika Vamper, Marika Mikkor, Piret Õunapuu, Helin Puksand, Taimi Rosenberg. Eesti Humanitaarinstituudis kaitses 2003.a. magistritööd Merilin Miljan

  13. The Role of Microtexture on the Fatigue Behavior of an alpha + beta Titanium Alloy, Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    growth behavior. A Nova NanoLab FIB microscope with a gallium ion source operating at 30 kV and a probe current of 6.5 nA was employed to machine...Rosenberger, G.A. Hartman. Dual fatigue failure modes in Ti- 6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo and consequences on probabilistic life prediction, Scripta Materialia 48...superalloy. Scripta Materialia, 53:511–516, 2005. [30] A. Shyam, C. Torbet, S. K. Jha, J. Larsen, M. Caton, C. Szczepanski, T. M. Pollock, and J

  14. 自尊心概念及び自尊心尺度の再検討

    OpenAIRE

    伊藤, 忠弘

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to review the studies on self-esteem during last 10 years in Japan and to examine the usefulness of the concept of self-esteem and the validity of the self-esteem scales. It is shown that high self-esteem individuals are different from low self-esteem individuals in various social cognitions and behaviors in Japan as well as USA, but that the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale is not good enough fot understanding "self-esteem" of Japanese people.

  15. Cognitive remediation combined with anearly intervention service in first episodepsychosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard Christensen, T; Vesterager, Lone; Krarup, G

    2014-01-01

    measure functional capacity. At the post-training assessment, the intervention group had improved significantly on Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Cohen's d=0.54, P=0.01), Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), General Psychopathology Scale (Cohen's d=0.51, P=0.05) and the verbal learning domain...... (Cohen's d=0.44, P=0.04), while improvement on the composite score was marginally significant (Cohen's d=0.34, P=0.05). CONCLUSION: In accordance with other cognitive remediation programmes, this programme demonstrates some immediate and long-term effect on cognitive functioning, symptoms and self-esteem....

  16. Qualidade de vida e autoestima de idosos na comunidade

    OpenAIRE

    Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares; Thaís Gabriela Cruz Matias; Pollyana Cristina dos Santos Ferreira; Maycon Sousa Pegorari; Janaina Santos Nascimento; Mariana Mapelli de Paiva

    2016-01-01

    Resumo Objetivou-se verificar a associação entre os escores de qualidade de vida e autoestima em idosos na comunidade. Inquérito domiciliar, transversal, observacional e analítico, conduzido com 1.691 idosos residentes em área urbana de um município no interior de Minas Gerais. Foram utilizados os instrumentos World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref (Whoqol-Bref), World Health Organization Quality of Life Old (Whoqol-Old) e a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Procedeu-se à análise est...

  17. Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

    2012-08-01

    The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population.

  18. Nutrients, hypoxia and mass fishkill events in Tapi estuary, India.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ram, A.; JiyalalRam, M.J.; Rokade, M.A.; Bharti, S.; Vishwasrao, C.; Majithiya, D.

    , or approximately 30% saturation) is emerging as a major threat to coastal ecosystems globally. More than 600 coastal and estuarine sites globally have developed hypoxia (Nixon, 2009; Diaz et al., 2010; Conley et al., 2011) which is an increase of approximately 5.... Several factors are known to cause fish kills such as hypoxia/anoxia, or the build up of high concentrations of ammonia or nitrite (Diaz and Rosenberg, 1995; Wetzel, 2001; Anderson et al., 2002; Breitburg, 2002, Camargo and Alonso, 2006). Our long term...

  19. Self-Esteem’s Relations to Empathy and Parenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Pavlova Cone

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is looking into theoretical and research relations between self-esteem, empathy and parenting. The empirical study was carried out among 199 undergraduate US students and measured empathy (Empathy Quotient and Interpersonal Reactivity Index, self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and perceived parenting (Parental Bonding Instrument. The results showed no direct relation between empathy and self-esteem, as measured by the instruments in this sample. The care dimension of the perceived parenting style of both parents predicted self-esteem levels. Future research is recommended to confirm findings and identify possible mediator between empathy and self-esteem.

  20. Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

    2013-12-01

    A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores.

  1. The mythic foundation of National Socialism and the contemporary claim that the Nazis were Christians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Hexham

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the ideas of Alfred Rosenberg, the “chief ideologue” of German National Socialism. Its aim is to show that, contrary to the claims of a growing number of people encouraged by the so-called “new atheism”, the Nazis held a coherent worldview that was vehemently anti-Christian. To deal with criticism of Christianity by these writers and speakers, it is necessary for Christians to become aware of the Nazi worldview and how deeply it was rooted in modern paganism.

  2. The impact of breast reconstruction on self-esteem and body image in patients with breast cancer.

    OpenAIRE

    Rincón Fernández, Maria Esther; Universidad de Sevilla; Pérez San Gregorio, Maria Ángeles; Universidad de Sevilla; Borda Más, Mercedes; Universidad de Sevilla; Rodríguez, Agustín Martín; Universidad de Sevilla

    2010-01-01

    El tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de mama puede alterar el aspecto físico de las pacientes y producirles importantes secuelas psicológicas. Así, para comprobar si el nivel de satisfacción con el resultado estético, así como la autoestima o la imagen corporal de estas pacientes difería según el tipo de cirugía realizada (mastectomía unilateral o reconstrucción mamaria), se estudiaron un total de 72 pacientes. Para ello se empleó una Encuesta Psicosocial, la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg...

  3. The impact of the quality of life perception on the self-esteem of physically active adults

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Vicentini de Oliveira; José Roberto Andrade do Nascimento Júnior; Renan Codonhato; Thayna da Silva Zamboni; Adriele Tarini dos Santos; Lenamar Fiorese Vieira

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed at investigating the impact of the quality of life perception on the self-esteem of physically active adults. A total of 63 male and female swimming practitioners (38.13 ± 11.72) were evaluated. A socio-demographic questionnaire, WHOQOL-Bref Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used as tools. For data analysis the descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test, Mann-Whitney U Test, Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient, and the Univariate Multiple Regression wer...

  4. [Validity and Reliability of Two Silhouette Scales to Asses the Body Image in Adolescent Students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueda-Jaimes, Germán Eduardo; López, Paul Anthony Camacho; Flórez, Silvia Milena; Martínez-Villalba, Andrés Mauricio Rangel

    2012-03-01

    To determine the validity and reliability of the 13-figure images scale (13-CS) and Standard Figural Stimuli (SFS) for the evaluation of body images in adolescent students from Bucaramanga. A probabilistic sample with 189 students was evaluated with the two scales. Two weeks later, the valuation together with the size, weight, percentage of body fat, SCOFF questionnaire and Rosenberg self-esteem valuation was repeated. The average age was 14.1 years; 62.7% were women. The correlation of the 13-CS and SFS with body fat index, weight and body fat percentage was 0.61, 0.74, 0.40 and 0.72, 0.55, 0.45 respectively. The correlation of dissatisfaction with body image according to the SCOFF and the Rosenberg scales was 0.43 and 0.26 with the 13-CS; 0.50 and -0.23 with the SFS. The reproducibility shows that perceived and ideal figure was 0.93 and 0.90 with the 13-CS; and 0.85 and 0.78 with the SFS. the concurrent validity of both scales was good. The reproducibility of the 13-CS was excellent while the SFS was good. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  5. Are life satisfaction and self-esteem distinct constructs? A black South African perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westaway, Margaret S; Maluka, Constance S

    2005-10-01

    As part of a longitudinal project on Quality of Life, a study was undertaken to extend the applicability of the 5-item Satisfaction With Life Scale, developed in the USA, in South Africa. Data on basic sociodemographic characteristics, the scale, and the 10-item Rosenberg Self-esteem scale were available for 360 Black South Africans (151 men and 209 women), ages 21 to 83 years (M = 38.6 yr., SD = 10.3). Factor analysis applied to scale scores gave two factors, accounting for 71% of the variance. Factor I was loaded by 10 Self-esteem items and Factor II by four of the five Life Satisfaction items. Coefficient alpha was .77 for the Satisfaction With Life Scale and .97 for the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Life Satisfaction was related to Self-esteem (r = .17, p Life Satisfaction and Self-esteem appear to be distinct, unitary constructs, but responses to Item 5 on the Satisfaction With Life Scale require cautious interpretation and may contribute to the weak r, although so may the collectivist culture of Black South Africans.

  6. Diversity Patterns of Benthic Macrofauna Caused by Marine Fish Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaldo Marín

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the patterns observed in the diversity and structure of the macrofauna benthic community under the influence of fish farming. First, we explain the effects of organic enrichment on the sediment and the consequences for the inhabiting communities. We describe the diversity trends in spatial and temporal gradients affected by fish farming and compare them with those described by the Pearson and Rosenberg model. We found that in general terms, the trends of diversity and other community parameters followed the Pearson and Rosenberg model but they can vary to some extent due to sediment local characteristics or to secondary disturbances. We also show the different mechanisms by which wild fish can affect macrofauna diversity patterns under fish farming influence. In addition, we comment the importance of the macrofauna diversity in the ecosystem functions and propose some guidelines to measure functional diversity related to relevant processes at ecosystem level. We propose more research efforts in the main topics commented in this review to improve management strategies to guarantee a good status of the diversity and ecosystem functioning of sediments influenced by fish farming.

  7. Components of self-esteem in affective patients and non-psychiatric controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serretti, Alessandro; Olgiati, Paolo; Colombo, Cristina

    2005-09-01

    Decrease in self-esteem (SE) is found in all mood disorders during inter-episode phases. This trait was associated with relapse and suicidality but its genetic basis is still undefined, probably because SE has multiple components. The aim of the current study was to ascertain which of those components were altered in a sample of affective patients. Three hundred and thirty-one outpatients with bipolar (N=199) and major depressive MD (N=132) disorders in remission for at least three months and one hundred controls completed the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSE; [Rosenberg, M., 1965. The measurement of self-esteem, Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton University Press, pp.16-36]). Principal component analysis was performed to identify RSE factor structure. Extracted factors were compared across case and control groups in the whole sample (N=431) and in a sub-sample (N=301) with low self-esteem (RSE self-confidence (SC) and self-deprecation (SD) that was largely consistent with the existing literature. Such factors were both associated with lower scores in affective patients than controls (SC: F=52, pself-confidence was found to be decreased in subjects with mood disorders (SC: F=13.8, pself-esteem deficit in affective disorders might involve specific components. Implications for research and clinical practice are discussed.

  8. Mutations in PRPS1, which encodes the phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase enzyme critical for nucleotide biosynthesis, cause hereditary peripheral neuropathy with hearing loss and optic neuropathy (cmtx5).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hee-Jin; Sohn, Kwang-Min; Shy, Michael E; Krajewski, Karen M; Hwang, Miok; Park, June-Hee; Jang, Sue-Yon; Won, Hong-Hee; Choi, Byung-Ok; Hong, Sung Hwa; Kim, Byoung-Joon; Suh, Yeon-Lim; Ki, Chang-Seok; Lee, Soo-Youn; Kim, Sun-Hee; Kim, Jong-Won

    2007-09-01

    We have identified missense mutations at conserved amino acids in the PRPS1 gene on Xq22.3 in two families with a syndromic form of inherited peripheral neuropathy, one of Asian and one of European descent. The disease is inherited in an X-linked recessive manner, and the affected male patients invariably develop sensorineural hearing loss of prelingual type followed by gating disturbance and visual loss. The family of European descent was reported in 1967 as having Rosenberg-Chutorian syndrome, and recently a Korean family with the same symptom triad was identified with a novel disease locus CMTX5 on the chromosome band Xq21.32-q24. PRPS1 (phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1) is an isoform of the PRPS gene family and is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues, including cochlea. The enzyme mediates the biochemical step critical for purine metabolism and nucleotide biosynthesis. The mutations identified were E43D, in patients with Rosenberg-Chutorian syndrome, and M115T, in the Korean patients with CMTX5. We also showed decreased enzyme activity in patients with M115T. PRPS1 is the first CMT gene that encodes a metabolic enzyme, shedding a new light on the understanding of peripheral nerve-specific metabolism and also suggesting the potential of PRPS1 as a target for drugs in prevention and treatment of peripheral neuropathy by antimetabolite therapy.

  9. Rasch analysis suggested three unidimensional domains for Affiliate Stigma Scale: additional psychometric evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chih-Cheng; Su, Jian-An; Tsai, Ching-Shu; Yen, Cheng-Fang; Liu, Jiun-Horng; Lin, Chung-Ying

    2015-06-01

    To examine the psychometrics of the Affiliate Stigma Scale using rigorous psychometric analysis: classical test theory (CTT) (traditional) and Rasch analysis (modern). Differential item functioning (DIF) items were also tested using Rasch analysis. Caregivers of relatives with mental illness (n = 453; mean age: 53.29 ± 13.50 years) were recruited from southern Taiwan. Each participant filled out four questionnaires: Affiliate Stigma Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and one background information sheet. CTT analyses showed that the Affiliate Stigma Scale had satisfactory internal consistency (α = 0.85-0.94) and concurrent validity (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: r = -0.52 to -0.46; Beck Anxiety Inventory: r = 0.27-0.34). Rasch analyses supported the unidimensionality of three domains in the Affiliate Stigma Scale and indicated four DIF items (affect domain: 1; cognitive domain: 3) across gender. Our findings, based on rigorous statistical analysis, verified the psychometrics of the Affiliate Stigma Scale and reported its DIF items. We conclude that the three domains of the Affiliate Stigma Scale can be separately used and are suitable for measuring the affiliate stigma of caregivers of relatives with mental illness. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Self-concept and self-esteem after acquired brain injury: a control group comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponsford, Jennie; Kelly, Amber; Couchman, Grace

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the multidimensional self-concept, global self-esteem and psychological adjustment of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as compared with healthy controls. Group comparison on self-report questionnaires. Forty-one individuals who had sustained a TBI were compared with an age- and gender-matched sample of 41 trauma-free control participants on the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (second edition) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS). Participants with TBI rated significantly lower mean levels of global self-esteem and self-concept on the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and Tennessee Self Concept Scale than the control group. Survivors of TBI rated themselves more poorly on a range of self-dimensions, including social, family, academic/work and personal self-concept compared to controls. They also reported higher mean levels of depression and anxiety on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Overall self-concept was most strongly associated with depressive symptoms and anxiety. Self-concept may be lowered following TBI and is associated with negative emotional consequences. Clinicians may improve the emotional adjustment of survivors of TBI by considering particular dimensions of self-concept for intervention focus.

  11. Reaching for Success: Picasso’s Rise in the Market (The First Two Decades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Mallen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the exhibitions of Picasso’s works in the first two decades of his artistic career, as well as the dealers and collectors who came into contact with them. It describes the relationship between Picasso and his first dealers, Pere Manyach, Berthe Weill, Clovis Sagot, Père Soulier, Ambroise Vollard, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Georg Caspari, L. W. Guthier, Hans Goltz, Heinrich Thannhauser, Otto Feldmann, Alfred Flechtheim, Emil Richter, Gottfried Tanner, Michael Brenner, R. J. Coady, Léonce Rosenberg, Paul Rosenberg, etc.; as well as his first collectors, Leo and Gertrude Stein, Olivier Sainsère, Joachim Gasquet, Wilhelm Uhde, Herman Rupf, Vincenc Kramář, Frank Stoop, Hugo Perls, Edwin Suermondt, Dr. Paul Ferdinand Schmidt, Princess Mechtilde Lichnowsky, Henry Simms, Ludwig and Rosy Fischer, Professor Wilhelm Kreis, Adolf Erblösch, Justin K. Thannhauser, Sergei Ivanovich Shchukin, Ivan A. Morosov, etc. It also identifies all important Picasso expositions in this time period and how those dealers and collectors were involved in their arrangement. The information provided here has been excerpted from an exhaustive study of the critical literature on Pablo Picasso, as well as from published exhibition catalogues.

  12. Correlation of self-concept and self-esteem with aggressiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Marčič

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We were interested in the correlation of aggressiveness with independent self-concept, codependent self-concept and level of self-esteem. Some previous research gave contradictory results about correlations between aggressiveness, self-concept and self-esteem. Researchers report of negative correlation, but also of positive and no correlation. One hundred and fifty-eight participants, aged from 19 to 51, with average age of 21 participated in the research. Fifty participants were males and 108 were females. Self-concept was measured with the Adult Sources of Self-Esteem Inventory – ASSEI (Elovson & Fleming, 1989, level of self-esteem with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale – RSES (Rosenberg, 1965 and aggressiveness with The Aggression Questionnaire – AQ (Buss & Perry, 1992. The results showed that aggressiveness is negatively correlated with co-dependent self-concept, but is not correlated with independent self-concept, even if we control for the level of self-esteem. The level of self-esteem is negatively correlated with anger, hostility, and overall aggression, but not with physical and verbal aggression, even if we control for the self-concept. We can conclude that only certain areas of self-concept are relevant in the research of the relationship between self-concept and aggressiveness, and that the level of self-esteem is to be taken into account only in some forms of aggressiveness, like anger and hostility, but not in physical and verbal aggression.

  13. Brazilian version of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Trajano Borges Jorge

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Body image improvement is considered to be the main reason for undergoing plastic surgery. The objective was to translate the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination (BDDE into Brazilian Portuguese and to adapt and validate this questionnaire for use in Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional survey, at the Department of Plastic Surgery of Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: The BDDE was first translated into Portuguese and then back-translated into English. These translations were then discussed by healthcare professionals in order to establish the final Brazilian version. In a second stage, the validity and reliability of the BDDE were assessed. For this, patients were initially interviewed by two interviewers and subsequently, by only one of these interviewers. On the first occasion, in addition to the BDDE, the body shape questionnaire (BSQ and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale were also applied. These questionnaires were applied to 90 patients. RESULTS: Six questions were modified during the assessment of cultural equivalence. Cronbach's alpha was 0.89 and the intraclass correlation coefficients for interobserver and test-retest reliability were 0.91 and 0.87, respectively. Pearson's coefficient showed no correlation between the BDDE and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (0.22, whereas there was a moderate correlation between the BDDE and the BSQ (0.64. CONCLUSIONS: The BDDE was successfully translated and adapted, with good internal consistency, reliability and construct validity.

  14. Self-esteem and patients' satisfaction after deep inferior epigastric perforator flap breast reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haekens, Christel M; Enajat, Morteza; Keymeulen, Kristien; Van der Hulst, Rene R W J

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this article is to assess the impact of deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction on self-esteem and to analyze the correlation between aesthetic outcome and self-esteem. Global self-esteem was evaluated using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 31 patients who underwent DIEP flap breast reconstructions. A study-specific questionnaire and photographic evaluation were used by the patient, the plastic surgeon, and the oncological surgeon to measure satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome. Patients' satisfaction and self-esteem were analyzed for any existing correlation. Overall patients' satisfaction had a mean score of 6.55 (range, 0-10) on the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire. A mean score of 32.48 (range, 10-40) was found on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. More than 80% of patients were content with their decision to undergo this procedure and would recommend this to a friend. Surgeons tended to rate the aesthetic outcome better than patients. Patients' satisfaction and self-esteem were found to be positively correlated. Patients are generally content with the outcome of primary DIEP flap breast reconstruction. The favorable aesthetic result of this procedure has a beneficial effect on patients' self-esteem.

  15. Creation and Validation of the Self-esteem/Self-image Female Sexuality (SESIFS) Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lordello, Maria Co; Ambrogini, Carolina C; Fanganiello, Ana L; Embiruçu, Teresa R; Zaneti, Marina M; Veloso, Laise; Piccirillo, Livia B; Crude, Bianca L; Haidar, Mauro; Silva, Ivaldo

    2014-01-01

    Self-esteem and self-image are psychological aspects that affect sexual function. To validate a new measurement tool that correlates the concepts of self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality. A 20-question test (the self-esteem/self-image female sexuality [SESIFS] questionnaire) was created and tested on 208 women. Participants answered: Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, the female sexual quotient (FSQ), and the SESIFS questionnaire. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to test concurrent validity of the SESIFS against Rosenberg's self-esteem scale and the FSQ. Reliability was tested using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The new questionnaire had a good overall reliability (Cronbach's alpha r = 0.862, p sexual domain scored lower than expected (r = 0.65). The validity was good: overall score r = 0.38, p self-esteem domain r = 0.32, p sexual domain r = 0.29, p self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality domains. A new, revised version is being tested and will be presented in an upcoming publication.

  16. The Level of Self-Esteem and Sexual Functioning in Women with Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durmała, Jacek; Blicharska, Irmina; Drosdzol-Cop, Agnieszka; Skrzypulec-Plinta, Violetta

    2015-08-12

    A person's image, which is determined through physical appearance, considerably affects self-esteem developed from early childhood. Scoliosis causes multiple trunk deformations that can affect a person's perception of the body. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of scoliosis dimension and the degree of trunk deformation on the level of self-esteem and sexual functioning in women with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty-six women diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis were recruited to a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were divided into two groups depending on the value of the Cobb angle. The level of self-esteem was determined by means of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), whereas the sexual functioning was assessed via the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The trunk deformations were specified with the Posterior Trunk Symmetry Index (POTSI). A statistically significant correlation was proved between the amount of points received in the Rosenberg scale evaluation and the POTSI index in Group A (R = -0.56, p = 0.04). Subjects with smaller deformations within the coronal plane had a higher level of self-confidence. The trunk asymmetries in the coronal plane may have a negative effect on women with scoliosis and their self-appraisal.

  17. The Level of Self-Esteem and Sexual Functioning in Women with Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Durmała

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A person’s image, which is determined through physical appearance, considerably affects self-esteem developed from early childhood. Scoliosis causes multiple trunk deformations that can affect a person’s perception of the body. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of scoliosis dimension and the degree of trunk deformation on the level of self-esteem and sexual functioning in women with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty-six women diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis were recruited to a prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were divided into two groups depending on the value of the Cobb angle. The level of self-esteem was determined by means of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES, whereas the sexual functioning was assessed via the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI. The trunk deformations were specified with the Posterior Trunk Symmetry Index (POTSI. A statistically significant correlation was proved between the amount of points received in the Rosenberg scale evaluation and the POTSI index in Group A (R = −0.56, p = 0.04. Subjects with smaller deformations within the coronal plane had a higher level of self-confidence. The trunk asymmetries in the coronal plane may have a negative effect on women with scoliosis and their self-appraisal.

  18. [The effect of permanent ostomy on body image, self-esteem, marital adjustment, and sexual functioning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiliç, Esra; Taycan, Okan; Belli, Ahmet Korkut; Ozmen, Mine

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of permanent ostomy on body image, sexual functioning, self-esteem, and marital adjustment. SCID-I outpatient forms were administered to 52 subsequent patients that underwent permanent colostomy or ileostomy operations, and 40 of them that did not fit any of the diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders were then administered a sociodemographic data questionnaire, and the Body Image Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Golombok Rust Sexual Functions scale. The control group consisted of 20 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers. Body Image, Rosenberg Self-Esteem, and Dyadic Adjustment Scale scores were higher in permanent ostomy patients compared to controls, indicating more ostomy-related disturbance. Sexual functions were found to be impaired as well, except impotence and rapid ejaculation parameters. Complaints of anorgasmia were more frequent among female colostomy patients. Body image, and the touch, communication, and frequency parameters of sexual functioning were less disturbed in male patients than in females. Female patients with a psychiatric history experienced vaginismus problems more frequently. Patients with a history early childhood separation from parents had lower self-esteem scores and more frequently avoided sexual activity. Following ostomy surgery, the frequency of male impotence decreased over time. Permanent ostomy causes impairment in perceived body image, dyadic adjustment, and sexual functioning.

  19. Self-esteem in community mental health nurses: findings from the all-Wales stress study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fothergill, A; Edwards, D; Hannigan, B; Burnard, P; Coyle, D

    2000-08-01

    The authors conducted an all-Wales survey of community mental health nurses (CMHNs) to determine their levels of stress, coping and burnout. A total of 301 CMHNs were surveyed in 10 NHS Trusts in Wales. A range of measures were used. These included the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Community Psychiatric Nursing (CPN) Stress Questionnaire, and PsychNurse Methods of Coping Questionnaire. The findings from the Rosenberg SES are reported here. Community mental health nurses in Wales scored as having average self-esteem. When the data were divided into high and low self-esteem, a large group of CMHNs (40%) were found to have low self-esteem. Factors that are associated with low and high self-esteem were identified. Alcohol consumption and being on lower nursing grades (D, E, F) were associated with low self-esteem, whilst amount of experience working as a CMHN was associated with high self-esteem.

  20. Configuração familiar, género e coping em adolescentes: papel dos pares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Costa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Relações interpessoais estabelecidas no contexto de institucionalização, nomeadamente com os pares, são fontes relevantes de suporte emocional e facilitador do processo adaptativo na fase de transição para a adultícia. O objectivo do presente estudo prende-se com a análise da qualidade da ligação de adolescentes aos pares e do seu efeito preditor nas estratégias de coping dos jovens. Pretende-se ainda testar o papel moderador da configuração familiar e do género na associação entre a ligação aos pares e as estratégias de coping. A amostra é composta por 311 adolescentes, 145 institucionalizados e 166 de famílias tradicionais, entre os 14 e os 18 anos, de ambos os géneros. A recolha de dados foi realizada através da Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Inventory of Peer and Parental Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987 e o COPE Inventory (Carver, Weintraub & Scheider, 1989. Os resultados sugerem que a qualidade da ligação aos pares se mostra relevante na predição das estratégias de coping adaptativas (coping activo e uso de suporte social emocional.

  1. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Karaırmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  2. Electrophysiological correlates of implicit valenced self-processing in high vs. low self-esteem individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grundy, John G; Benarroch, Miriam F F; Lebarr, A Nicole; Shedden, Judith M

    2015-01-01

    We provide the first high-temporal resolution account of the self-esteem implicit association test (IAT; Greenwald & Farnham, 2000) to highlight important similarities and differences between the cognitive processes corresponding to implicit valenced self-processing in high vs. low self-esteem individuals. We divided individuals into high and low self-esteem groups based on the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and administered the self-esteem IAT while recording electroencephalographic data. We show that the P2 captured group (high vs. low self-esteem) differences, the N250 and the late parietal positivity (LPP) captured differences corresponding to category pairing (self/positive vs. self/negative pairing), and the N1, P2, and P300-400 components captured interactions between self-esteem groups and whether the self was paired with positive or negative categories in the IAT. Overall, both high and low self-esteem groups were sensitive to the distinction between positive and negative information in relation to the self (me/negative generally displayed larger event-related potential amplitudes than me/positive), but for high self-esteem individuals, this difference was generally larger, earlier, and most pronounced over left-hemisphere electrodes. These electrophysiological differences may reflect differences in attentional resources devoted to teasing apart these two oppositely valenced associations. High self-esteem individuals appear to devote more automatic (early) attentional resources to strengthen the distinction between positively or negatively valenced information in relation to the self.

  3. A study of the correlation between self-confidence and professional achievement of designers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Rain

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study mainly investigated which mental state of designers, self-confidence or sense of inferiority, has positive effects on professional design achievement. This study attempted to find if there is correlation between designers’ self-confidence or sense of inferiority and their professional achievement. With regard to the tendency of designers’ psychological state, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used to measure designers’ selfconfidence, and statistical computations were made based on gathered data. This study used correlation analysis to find if confidence level of 46 seniors of Design Department is relevant to their professional achievement. The results of the study showed that confidence level of designers has a slight correlation to professional achievement. Factors leading to the study’s findings may be the small amount of sample analyzed or may be the reason that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale only detected the current level of self-confidence and could not give a proper feedback on designers’ self-confidence during the entire semester. In the future, the results of this study can be considered as a pre-test experiment for a more complete study, and it is expected that results of the study can be for design educators’ reference.

  4. Nuevos datos sobre la Edad del Hierro en Alto Duero: el castro de El Pico (Cabrejas del Pinar, Soria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vega Maeso, Cristina

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents data collected in an archaeological survey from the hill-fort of El Pico (Cabrejas del Pinar, Soria. The aim of the investigation was to assess the preserved archeological record and to provide a well-defined chrono-cultural determination to the site, which traditionally has been related to the “Sorian Hillforts Culture” of the Early Iron Age. The documented evidence shows a discrepancy between archaeological data and absolute dates. That circumstance allows to us discuss and propose a new chrono-cultural definition to El Pico, that actually it is linked with that archaeological group of “Ancient Celtiberic” (7th-5th centuries b. C.. The data suggest new lines of analysis in a zone where there were two archaeological groups (the Sorian Hillforts and Ancient Celtiberian archaeological sites tied to a poorly defined historical process of the emergence of state societies.El trabajo presenta los datos derivados de una investigación arqueológica realizada en el castro de El Pico (Cabrejas del Pinar, Soria. El objetivo de la misma era valorar el registro arqueológico conservado y proporcionar una adscripción cronológica definida al yacimiento, que tradicionalmente se había vinculado a la “Cultura Castreña Soriana” de la Primera Edad del Hierro. Las nuevas evidencias han mostrado una discrepancia entre datos arqueológicos y fechas absolutas. La discusión al respecto ha permitido determinar una adscripción cronocultural diferente para El Pico, relacionándola con el grupo de manifestaciones arqueológicas que configuran el Celtibérico Antiguo (siglos VII-V a.C.. Los datos plantean nuevas vías de análisis en una zona donde confluyen dos conjuntos arqueológicos (los Castros Sorianos y las entidades arqueológicas del Celtibérico Antiguo que se relacionan con un proceso histórico de transición hacia las sociedades estatales poco definido y escasamente tratado.

  5. Geochemistry, environmental and provenance study of the Middle Miocene Leitha limestones (Central Paratethys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ahmed

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Mineralogical, major, minor, REE and trace element analyses of rock samples were performed on Middle Miocene limestones (Leitha limestones, Badenian collected from four localities from Austria (Mannersdorf, Wöllersdorf, Kummer and Rosenberg quarries and the Fertőrákos quarry in Hungary. Impure to pure limestones (i.e. limited by Al2O3 contents above or below 0.43 wt. % were tested to evaluate the applicability of various geochemical proxies and indices in regard to provenance and palaeoenvironmental interpretations. Pure and impure limestones from Mannersdorf and Wöllersdorf (southern Vienna Basin show signs of detrital input (REEs = 27.6 ± 9.8 ppm, Ce anomaly = 0.95 ± 0.1 and the presence of quartz, muscovite and clay minerals in impure limestones and diagenetic influence (low contents of, e.g., Sr = 221 ± 49 ppm, Na is not detected, Ba = 15.6 ± 8.8 ppm in pure limestones. Thus, in both limestones the reconstruction of original sedimentary palaeoenvironments by geochemistry is hampered. The Kummer and Fertőrákos (Eisenstadt–Sopron Basin comprise pure limestones (e.g., averages Sr = 571 ± 139 ppm, Na = 213 ± 56 ppm, Ba = 21 ± 4 ppm, REEs = 16 ± 3 ppm and Ce anomaly = 0.62 ± 0.05 and composed predominantly of calcite exhibiting negligible diagenesis. Deposition under a shallow-water, well oxygenated to intermittent dysoxic marine environment can be reconstructed. Pure to impure limestones at Rosenberg–Retznei (Styrian Basin are affected to some extent by detrital input and volcano-siliciclastic admixture. The Leitha limestones at Rosenberg have the least diagenetic influence among the studied localities (i.e. averages Sr = 1271 ± 261 ppm, Na = 315 ± 195 ppm, Ba = 32 ± 15 ppm, REEs = 9.8 ± 4.2 ppm and Ce anomaly = 0.77 ± 0.1 and consist of calcite, minor dolomite and quartz. The siliciclastic sources are characterized by immobile elemental ratios (i.e. La/Sc and Th/Co which apply not only for the siliciclastics, but also

  6. Numerical analyses of soft bottom invertebrates to diagnose the pollution in tropical coastal waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkantra, Sadanand N; Rodrigues, Nimi R

    2004-01-01

    Soft bottom benthic organisms especially polychaetes are known to adapt as r or k selected strategies to different gradients of pollution. This will result in changes of benthic community structure from that of normal structure. There are a number of techniques to assess the impact of pollution on benthic community structure. Hence, to test this hypotheses some of the univariate and multivariate techniques were applied to soft bottom macro-invertebrates data of coastal waters of Mangalore, central west coast of India, a hot-spot area. Univariate techniques such as Pearson Rosenberg Model (PRM), abundance biomass comparison curve (ABC), geometrical class distribution, dominance-diversity curve, benthic community structure indices and multivariate techniques such as cluster classification, multidimensional scaling (MDS) and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to discriminate and diagnose the disturbance among the sites. Effectiveness and applicability of some of the above techniques are highlighted and discussed with the present set of data for environmental impact assessment studies.

  7. Innovation and Academic Skills

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, René Nesgaard

    2006-01-01

    Reenen 2001; Acemoglu 2002). In literature based on ‘systems of innovation’ approaches, it has also been argued that science and highly educated workers play increasingly important roles in these systems (Nelson and Rosenberg 1993; Lundvall 2002; Nielsen 1999). Notwithstanding this general trend...... will be written on an assumption of a positive relationship between innovation and use of academic skills subject to a continuing importance of practical know-how and non-formal learning processes. Confronting this assumption with Danish empirics, interesting research questions arise. Danish empirics thus show...... (OECD 2000, 2002, 2005), we may claim that most small firms – fundamentally important in the Danish company structure – are know-how-based without highly educated personnel. This confrontation of literature and Danish empirics leads to research questions such as: • Is skill-bias from innovation and firm...

  8. Does self-esteem mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and symptoms of disordered eating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampard, Amy M; Byrne, Susan M; McLean, Neil

    2011-01-01

    It has been proposed that interpersonal problems play a role in the maintenance of disordered eating because of an adverse effect on self-esteem, which in turn encourages the pursuit of achievement in the valued domain of weight and shape. This study aimed to identify the types of interpersonal problems that are associated with disordered eating and to determine whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and eating disorder symptoms. Female university students (n = 227) completed the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-32, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Regression analysis identified two forms of interpersonal problems that were associated with disordered eating: difficulties being sociable and being too dependent on the opinion of others. Self-esteem mediated the relationship between interpersonal problems and overevaluation of weight and shape but did not mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and dietary restraint.

  9. A Conversation on Zero Net Energy Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eley, Charles; Gupta, Smita; Torcellini, Paul; Mchugh, Jon; Liu, Bing; Higgins, Cathy; Iplikci, Jessica; Rosenberg, Michael I.

    2017-06-30

    The submitted Roundtable discussion covers zero net energy (ZNE) buildings and their expansion into the market as a more widely adopted approach for various building types and sizes. However, the market is still small, and this discussion brings together distinguished researchers, designers, policy makers, and program administrations to represent the key factors making ZNE building more widespread and mainstream from a broad perspective, including governments, utilities, energy-efficiency research institutes, and building owners. This roundtable was conducted by the ASHRAE Journal with Bing Liu, P.E., Member ASHRAE, Charles Eley, FAIA, P.E., Member ASHRAE; Smita Gupta, Itron; Cathy Higgins, New Buildings Institute; Jessica Iplikci, Energy Trust of Oregon; Jon McHugh, P.E., Member ASHRAE; Michael Rosenberg, Member ASHRAE; and Paul Torcellini, Ph.D., P.E., NREL.

  10. "But you don't look Puerto Rican": the moderating effect of ethnic identity on the relation between skin color and self-esteem among Puerto Rican women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Irene

    2008-04-01

    This exploratory study investigated whether ethnic identity, as assessed by Phinney's (1992) Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure, functioned as a moderator in the relation between skin color (as measured by masked interviewer evaluation, participant self-report, and skin reflectance data) and self-esteem (as measured by Rosenberg's 1989 Self-Esteem Scale). In a sample of 53 English-speaking Puerto Rican women, a hierarchical multiple regression indicated that among lighter skinned women, those who felt less attached to their culture had less self-esteem than those who were more culturally embedded. Similarly, among darker skinned women, greater attachment to Puerto Rican culture was associated with greater self-esteem than a less defined ethnic identity. Findings are discussed in light of the beneficial effects of ethnic identity.

  11. Trends in burnout syndrome and emotional factors: an assessment of anesthesiologists in Southern Brazil, 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Patrícia Larrosa; Trentin, Jessica Puchalski; de Avila Quevedo, Luciana

    2016-01-28

    Burnout syndrome (BOS) is the result of chronic stress at work, and is characterized by emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and low professional accomplishment. Anesthesiologyis a stressful profession. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of burnout as well as the sociodemographic and working characteristics associated with this syndrome's emotional factors, in anesthesiologists from Southern Brazil. We assessed burnout severity, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem using the Maslach burnout inventory, the Beck depression inventory, and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, respectively. Of the 198 anesthesiologists included in this study, 48.7% were positive for burnout, 26.9% for EE, 41.3% for DP and 32.7% for low personal accomplishment. Trends in BOS was associated with a younger age, difficulty to conciliate family and work demands, low self-esteem, and depressive symptoms.

  12. A Conversation on Zero Net Energy Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torcellini, Paul A [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Eley, Charles [Consultant; Gupta, Smita [Itron; McHugh, Jon [McHugh Energy Consultants; Lui, Bing [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Higgins, Cathy [New Buildings Institute; Iplikci, Jessica [Energy Trust of Oregon; Rosenberg, Michael [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    2017-06-01

    Recently, zero net energy (ZNE) buildings have moved from state-of-the-art small project demonstrations to a more widely adopted approach across the country among various building types and sizes. States such as California set policy goals of all new residential construction to be NZE by 2020 and all commercial buildings to be NZE by 2030. However, the market for designing, constructing, and operating ZNE buildings is still relatively small. We bring together distinguished experts to share their thoughts on making ZNE buildings more widespread and mainstream from a broad perspective, including governments, utilities, energy-efficiency research institutes, and building owners. This conversation also presents the benefits of ZNE and ways to achieve that goal in the design and operation of buildings. The following is a roundtable conducted by ASHRAE Journal and Bing Liu with Charles Eley, Smita Gupta, Cathy Higgins, Jessica Iplikci, Jon McHugh, Michael Rosenberg, and Paul Torcellini.

  13. Evaluating the relationship of eating behaviors of university students with body mass index and self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanlier, Nevin; Biyikli, Ali Emrah; Biyikli, Ezgi Toptas

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between eating behaviors (Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire-DEBQ), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale-RSES), and body mass index (BMI) in university students. A total of 503 students (129 men and 374 women), 18-23 years of age were included in the study. According to BMI, 8.3% of students were underweight; 47.3% were overweight; and 74.4% were of healthy weight. The level of self-esteem of 86.5% of young people was high, 13.5% moderate. The mean score (33.3 ± 11.8) of emotional-eating behavior was higher for women than for men (27.9 ± 10.1) . Recommendations include assessing eating behaviors via longitudinal studies with large samples, and identifying at-risk groups, as useful approaches for informing prevention.

  14. Parental styles and the stability of self-esteem in adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorović Jelisaveta A.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Relationship between parents and children is significantly important for the forming of identity and its affective component of self-esteem. High and stable self-esteem is being developed in certain family conditions through parental influences to which a child is exposed within a family. In this research the results of a role of different parental styles have been presented in forming of stable self-esteem in adolescents. The research has been done in eight secondary school in Niš. The sample was done on N=280 pupils with Global Self-Esteem Rosenberg's scale, and EMBU parental styles scale of Perris-Arrindell's version. This research has shown that stable self-esteem in adolescents is being connected to mother’s emotional warmth and acceptance through the process of parenting. Unstable self-evaluations are connected to inconsistency and overprotection, while rejection leads to stable, but low self-evaluations.

  15. Effects of social support and self-esteem on depressive symptoms in Japanese middle-aged and elderly people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukukawa, Y; Tsuboi, S; Niino, N; Ando, F; Kosugi, S; Shimokata, H

    2000-04-01

    We examined the relationship among social support, self-esteem, and depression. The subjects were 1,116 Japanese community-dwelling adults aged between 40-79, who were the first wave participants of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences--Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale that supported the superiority of the bi-dimensional structure of the scale marked by self-confidence and self-deprecation subscales. The subsequent causal analyses, using structural equation modeling, demonstrated that social support reduced depressed affect through an increase in self-confidence and a decrease in self-deprecation. By contrast, social support did not show a direct effect on depressed affect. The findings suggest the importance of esteem-improving elements of social support in reducing depressive symptoms.

  16. DIFFERENCES REGARDING SELF-ESTEEM AND THE COMMUNICATION STYLE DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta PÂNIȘOARĂ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims to study the differences in self-esteem and the communication style, depending on the level of education (at high school and university subjects. It is analyzed also how the positive self-esteem can correlate with a style of communication and assertively-positive approach. The participants are 120 subjects, 60 high school students and 60 students. The data was collected using two instruments: the Rosenberg questionnaire and a questionnaire on communication style. The data analyzed using a t test for independent samples and a Pearson correlation test with SPSS statistical software. The results show that there are differences regarding the self-esteem and the communication style depending on the level of education.

  17. Predicting self-esteem, well-being, and distress in a cohort of gay men: the importance of cultural stigma, personal visibility, community networks, and positive identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frable, D E; Wortman, C; Joseph, J

    1997-09-01

    Homosexual and bisexual men (N = 825) enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study in Chicago completed a 90-minute self-administered questionnaire that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, a Well-Being Index, and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Participants indicated their experiences with gay stigma, their visibility as gay men, their involvement in the gay community, and their commitment to a positive gay identity. Data from this predominantly white, young, educated, and middle-class cohort are consistent with a structural model in which cultural stigma is negatively associated with positive self-perceptions. This within-group result contrasts sharply with between-group results that indicate our gay cohort was neither particularly low in global self-esteem nor high in psychological distress when compared to nonstigmatized samples.

  18. RELACIÓN ENTRE LOS NIVELES DE AUTOESTIMA Y ESTRÉS EN ESTUDIANTES UNIVERSITARIOS

    OpenAIRE

    Leticia Ancer Elizondo; Cecilia Meza Peña; Edith G. Pompa Guajardo; Francisco Torres Guerrero; René Landero Hernández

    2011-01-01

    El presente estudio exploró la relación entre el estrés y la autoestima en 219 jóvenes de una universidad privada del área metropolitana de Monterrey (México), además de determinar si hay diferencias por género y por estatus laboral. Se utilizó la Escala de Estrés Percibido de Cohen y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg, ambas en formato electrónico. Los resultados obtenidos indican la presencia de una correlación negativa entre estrés y autoestima, incrementándose en los jóvenes que solamen...

  19. Villa Kratochvíle as an Example of an Italian Garden in the Czech Lands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zora Kulhánková

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with an example of the Italian garden applied as a type in the Czech lands. Villa Kratochvíle is one of the very few cases of an independently created Renaissance villa in the territory of the Czech Republic. Its author was an Italian builder coming from the area around Como Lake – Baldassare Maggi and he was commissioned by a significant Czech nobleman, William of Rosenberg. Villa Kratochvíle together with the surrounding landscape is compared with the landscape of lakes around Mantua and Palazzo Te, which is typologically similar. Especially the use of large water bodies is what these two places and their surrounding landscape have in common. Italian arts came to the Czech lands directly with Italian artists – one of them was the garden design. However, it was transformed there by the cultural tradition as well as the geographical location.

  20. Comparing Affiliate Stigma Between Family Caregivers of People With Different Severe Mental Illness in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chih-Cheng; Yen, Cheng-Fang; Jang, Fong-Lin; Su, Jian-An; Lin, Chung-Ying

    2017-07-01

    The family caregivers of people with mental illness may internalize the public stereotypes into the affiliate stigma (i.e., the self-stigma of family members). This study aimed to compare the affiliate stigma across schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder, and to investigate potential factors associated with affiliate stigma. Each caregiver of family members with schizophrenia (n = 215), bipolar disorder (n = 85), and major depressive disorder (n = 159) completed the Affiliate Stigma Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Caregiver Burden Inventory, Taiwanese Depression Questionnaire, and Beck Anxiety Inventory. After controlling for potential confounders, the hierarchical regression models showed that caregivers of a family member with schizophrenia had a higher level of affiliate stigma than those of bipolar disorder (β = -0.109; p Self-esteem, developmental burden, and emotional burden were significant factors for affiliate stigma. The affiliate stigma of caregivers is associated with their self-esteem, caregiver burden, and by the diagnosis.

  1. Professional values, self-esteem, and ethical confidence of baccalaureate nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacobucci, Trisha A; Daly, Barbara J; Lindell, Debbie; Griffin, Mary Quinn

    2013-06-01

    Professional identity and competent ethical behaviors of nursing students are commonly developed through curricular inclusion of professional nursing values education. Despite the enactment of this approach, nursing students continue to express difficulty in managing ethical conflicts encountered in their practice. This descriptive correlational study explores the relationships between professional nursing values, self-esteem, and ethical decision making among senior baccalaureate nursing students. A convenience sample of 47 senior nursing students from the United States were surveyed for their level of internalized professional nursing values (Revised Professional Nursing Values Scale), level of self-esteem (Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale), and perceived level of confidence in ethical decision making. A significant positive relationship (p nursing students' professional nursing values and levels of self-esteem. The results of this study can be useful to nursing educators whose efforts are focused on promoting professional identity development and competent ethical behaviors of future nurses.

  2. Inferential Costs of Trait Centrality in Impression Formation: Organization in Memory and Misremembering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Ludmila D.; Garcia-Marques, Leonel; Ferreira, Mário B.; Ramos, Tânia

    2017-01-01

    An extension of the DRM paradigm was used to study the impact of central traits (Asch, 1946) in impression formation. Traits corresponding to the four clusters of the implicit theory of personality—intellectual, positive and negative; and social, positive and negative (Rosenberg et al., 1968)—were used to develop lists containing several traits of one cluster and one central trait prototypical of the opposite cluster. Participants engaging in impression formation relative to participants engaging in memorization not only produced higher levels of false memories corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits but, under response time pressure at retrieval, also produced more false memories of the cluster corresponding to the central trait. We argue that the importance of central traits stems from their ability to activate their corresponding semantic space within a specialized associative memory structure underlying the implicit theory of personality. PMID:28878708

  3. Exercise impact on depressed patients’ self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mohammadi-Nezhad, Mahdi

    -up. Based on intent-to treat analysis, all three groups exhibited significant time-effect improvements on psychological and physiological indices except on the BMI. There was a significant interaction effect for group × time only for PSPP-Sport. Per-protocol analysis revealed no significant interaction....... A sample of 96 Danish psychiatric patients completed the PSPP, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA). The Danish version of the PSPP showed high internal consistency and Applying the exploratory and confirmatory factor...... and non-aerobic) compared to a relaxation exercise control group on physical selfperception and self-esteem of depressed outpatients in an urban Danish context, using a repeated measures design; We furthermore investigated the relationship between physical fitness and psychological changes. We eventually...

  4. O Consumo de Cirurgia Estética: a Influência da Autoestima e do Materialismo

    OpenAIRE

    Yamasaki, Viviane; PONCHIO, Mateus Canniatti; Susana Costa e Silva; Rocha, Thelma Valéria

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a influência da autoestima, da autoavaliação do corpo e do materialismo na aceitação à cirurgia estética no Brasil e em Portugal, na visão cross cultural. São revisados os conceitos de autoestima, autoavaliação do corpo, materialismo e aceitação à cirurgia plástica estética (CPE). Os principais estudos que guiaram a mensuração desses construtos neste trabalho são: Rosenberg (1965) e Dini, Quaresma e Ferreira (2004) para autoestima; Marsh e O’Neill (1984) ...

  5. Use of genetic algorithms for encoding efficient neural network architectures: neurocomputer implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Jason; Dagli, Cihan H.

    1995-04-01

    In this study an attempt is being made to encode the architecture of a neural network in a chromosome string for evolving robust, fast-learning, minimal neural network architectures through genetic algorithms. Various attributes affecting the learning of the network are represented as genes. The performance of the networks is used as the fitness value. Neural network architecture design concepts are initially demonstrated using a backpropagation architecture with the standard data set of Rosenberg and Sejnowski for text to speech conversion on Adaptive Solutions Inc.'s CNAPS Neuro-Computer. The architectures obtained are compared with the one reported in the literature for the standard data set used. The study concludes by providing some insights regarding the architecture encoding for other artificial neural network paradigms.

  6. Effect of caring for the caregiver course on self-steem and stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graça Martini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of caring for the Caregiver course on self-esteem and stress. 26 participants were assessed by applying the scale of self-esteem Rosenberg and Stress Perception Scale before and after the course. For comparison before and after the outcomes’s test for independent samples and the Wilcoxon test were used to evaluate the association we used a X2 RXC and was even held a Spearman correlation. Statistically significant differences were found demonstrating the improvement of these outcomes after the completion of the course. Still, there is a moderate correlation between the change in self-esteem and stress.

  7. Self-esteem mediates the effect of the parent-adolescent relationship on depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junmin; Ai, Hongshan

    2016-06-01

    There is a trend of rapid growth in both the level and occurrence of depression when people reach adolescence. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of the parent-adolescent relationship on depression in adolescents, and mainly focused on the confirmation of the mediator role of self-esteem. A total of 364 senior middle school students accomplished the Parent-Adolescent Relationship Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. The results suggested that both parent-adolescent relationship and self-esteem were significantly correlated with depression. Structural equation modeling indicated that self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between parent-adolescent relationship and depression. © The Author(s) 2014.

  8. Determinants of self-esteem in early psychosis: The role of perceived social dominance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDougall, Arlene G; Vandermeer, Matthew R J; Norman, Ross M G

    2017-12-01

    Self-esteem plays a role in the formation and maintenance of symptoms and in the recovery from psychotic illness. This study examines the relative contribution of perceived social dominance and other known predictors in determining self-esteem in 102 individuals in an early intervention program for psychosis. Regression analysis demonstrated that scores on the Perceived Relational Evaluation Scale (PRES), depressed mood, social dominance, gender and positive symptoms significantly contributed to the prediction of scores on the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES), whereas self-stigma and negative symptoms did not. Our study suggests that low self-esteem in early psychosis can be understood in part as a reflection of low levels of perceived social value and status. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. The relationship between stroke survivors' perceived identity and mood, self-esteem and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapadatu, Irina; Morris, Reg

    2017-01-11

    To examine change in identity after stroke and to elucidate its relationship with mood and quality of life. To test Higgins' theory of the impact of identity (self-discrepancy) on anxiety and depression. To examine the role of self-esteem in mediating the relationship between identity and outcomes. Sixty-five community-living first-time stroke survivors, mean age 61.58 and time since stroke 5.60 years, were recruited from stroke charities. A cross-sectional study used the Head Injury Semantic Differential Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (adapted) and the Barthel Index. Identity was rated more negatively after stroke than before (t(64) = 6.46, p self-esteem (r = -.48, p self-esteem (β = .30, p self-esteem are associated with important outcomes for stroke survivors.

  10. Molecular epigenesis: distributed specificity as a break in the central dogma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stotz, Karola

    2006-01-01

    The paper argues against the central dogma and its interpretation by C. Kenneth Waters and Alex Rosenberg. I argue that certain phenomena in the regulation of gene expression provide a break with the central dogma, according to which sequence specificity for a gene product must be template derived. My thesis of 'molecular epigenesis' with its three classes of phenomena, sequence 'activation', 'selection', and 'creation', is exemplified by processes such as transcriptional activation, alternative cis- and trans-splicing, and RNA editing. It argues that other molecular resources share the causal role of genes; the sequence specificity for the linear sequence of any gene product is distributed between the coding sequence, cis-acting sequences, trans-acting factors, environmental signals, and the contingent history of the cell (thesis of distributed causal specificity). I conclude that the central dogma has unnecessarily restricted genetic research to the sequencing of protein-coding genes, unilinear pathway analyses, and the focus on exclusive specificity.

  11. Self-esteem and optimism in rural youth: gender differences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puskar, Kathryn R; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Ren, Dianxu; Haley, Tammy M; Tark, Kirsti Hetager; Switala, Joann; Siemon, Linda

    2010-01-01

    To identify and describe gender-related differences in the self-esteem and optimism levels of rural adolescents. Self-esteem and optimism have been broadly examined and are associated with health-practices, social interaction, attachment, resiliency, and personal identity. Information describing the relationship of self-esteem and optimism as it relates to gender is limited. Using a cross-sectional survey design, students (N = 193) from three high-schools in rural Pennsylvania, USA completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Optimism Scale-Life Orientation Test-Revised as part of a National Institute of Health, National Institute of Nursing Research funded study. Both instruments' mean scores were in the range of average for this population, with females scoring lower than males in both self-esteem (p self-esteem and optimism. Attention to self-esteem and optimism in female youth is recommended.

  12. Connection between dimensions of partner affective attachment and the global self-esteem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zubić Ivana M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research refers to a possible link between the dimensions of partner affective attachment (avoidance and anxiety, operationalized by questionnaire PAV, and the global self-esteem measured by The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Research was conducted on a sample of 120 students of the University of Nis. Results show the statistically significant low negative correlation between global self-esteem and dimension avoidance, and the statistically significant medium negative correlation between global self-esteem and dimension anxiety. The results also show that respondents with secure attachment pattern and dismissing pattern (positive inner working model of self have a higher degree of global self-esteem than respondents with disorganized pattern and preoccupied pattern (negative inner working model of self. .

  13. Relations between Spanish Archaeologists and Nazi Germany (1939–1945: A preliminary examination of the influence of Das Ahnenerbe in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Gracia Alonso

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Julio Martínez Santa Olalla, appointed Commissioner-General for Archaeological Excavations at the Spanish Ministry of National Education and Fine Arts in 1939, established, with the support of the Falange (Spain’s fascist political organisation, relations with the Third Reich’s Das Ahnenerbe, a research institute that formed part of the Allgemeine SS commanded by Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler. The first collaboration between the two institutions comprised the excavation of the Visigothic necropolis of Castiltierra (Segovia. In October 1940, during Himmler’s official visit to Spain, the personal relationship established between Himmler and Martínez Santa Olalla resulted in a plan to set up a Falange-sponsored institution for archaeological research modelled on that of Das Ahnenerbe. Political, academic and personal relations were maintained between Martínez Santa Olalla and SS members Sievers, Wüst, Langsdorff and Jankuhn, and also with the Amt Rosenberg directed by Reichsminister Alfred Rosenberg, until the fall of the Nazi regime. This study analyses these and other relations between Spanish archaeologists and Nazi Germany between 1939 and 1945. [Julio Martínez Santa Olalla, Comisario General de Excavaciones Arqueológicas del Ministerio de Educación Nacional y Bellas Artes desde 1939, estableció, con el apoyo de Falange, relaciones científicas y personales con la sociedad Das Ahnenerbe, una de las instituciones de investigación englobadas en la Allgemeine-SS dirigida por el Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler. La primera colaboración entre ambas instituciones se centró en la excavación de la necrópolis visigoda de Castiltierra (Segovia. En el mes de octubre de 1940, durante la visita oficial de Himmler a España, la relación personal entre Himmler y Martínez Santa Olalla se tradujo en un proyecto de desarrollo de una institución de investigación arqueológica copiada de Das Ahnenerbe y dependiente de Falange que

  14. An evaluation of self-esteem and quality of life in orthodontic patients: effects of crowding and protrusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Min-Ho

    2015-09-01

    To evaluate the effect of dental crowding and lip protrusion on self-esteem and quality of life (QOL) in female orthodontic patients with Class I malocclusion. The study sample consisted of 201 patients (mean age 22.6 ± 3.0 years) who sought orthodontic treatment. All the patients were evaluated before treatment in terms of their degree of dental crowding and lip protrusion. Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) were used to determine self-esteem and QOL and to evaluate whether these values were related to malocclusion severity. The results indicated that severe crowding and severe protrusion can result in lower self-esteem and poorer QOL (P self-esteem and QOL scores than severe crowding or protrusion patients.

  15. Assessing shyness in Chinese older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Kee-Lee

    2005-09-01

    The Shyness Scale (SS) is a brief instrument for assessing shyness as a personality trait. The psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the SS were investigated in a random sample of 192 Macau Chinese older adults. The Chinese version of the SS possesses high internal consistency and exhibited satisfactory short-term test-retest reliability. The Chinese version of the SS exhibited acceptable convergent validity with other negative measures of psychological well-being including negative emotional states (assessed by the Negative Affect Scale), loneliness (assessed by the UCLA Loneliness Scale), and state anxiety and trait anxiety (assessed by STAI). The divergent validity of the Chinese version of the SS was demonstrated by the negative but significant association between the SS and self esteem (assessed by Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory).

  16. Facilitativeness, conflict, demand for approval, self-esteem, and satisfaction with romantic relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Duncan

    2003-01-01

    This study is an examination of the extent to which satisfaction with a main current romantic relationship is associated with negative conflict, demand for approval, self-esteem, and the 3 facilitative conditions of unconditional regard, empathy, and congruence. One or more of these conditions have been proposed as important determinants of relationship satisfaction by various relationship-enhancement approaches such as behavioral marital therapy and cognitive-behavioral marital therapy. College students (86 women and 58 men) completed S. S. Hendrick's (1988) Relationship Satisfaction Scale, a measure of negative conflict formulated by the author, R. G. Jones's (1969) Demand for Approval Scale (modified for a particular relationship), M. Rosenberg's (1965) Self-Esteem Scale, and a shortened modified version of G. T. Barrett-Lennard's (1964) Relationship Inventory. Relationship satisfaction was most strongly related to the level of regard and empathy, which is consistent with approaches to relationships that emphasize empathy training.

  17. Rasgos de personalidad y autoestima en víctimas de acoso laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Alcides Camargo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación describe las conductas de acoso psicológico laboral, rasgos de personalidad y autoestima de personas que han denunciado acoso laboral ante instancias legales. Participaron cuatro mujeres, entre 45 y 57 años de edad, con tiempo de vinculación mayor a 15 años en organizaciones públicas. Se aplicó el cuestionario Lipt-60, la prueba BFQ, la escala de autoestima de Rosenberg y una entrevista semiestructurada. Los resultados reflejan la presencia de acoso psicológico laboral vertical descendente, cada caso es diferente al no presentar semejanzas en las acciones hostigadoras percibidas y difieren en la intensidad y frecuencia de las estrategias utilizadas por el acosador hacia la víctima. En los rasgos de personalidad todos los casos presentan puntuaciones bajas en afabilidad y estabilidad emocional

  18. Personality functioning in patients with a progressive course of multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorio, Rita; Moressa, Giuseppe; Meneghello, Francesca; Salcuni, Silvia; Stabile, Maria Rosaria; Zennaro, Alessandro; Ferro, Laura; Tonin, Paolo

    2010-10-01

    This study intended to describe general personality functioning in patients with a progressive course of multiple sclerosis. 55 consecutive rehabilitation inpatients with progressive course of multiple sclerosis were assessed with a multimethod test battery: the Expanded Disability Status Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Rorschach Test administered and scored with Comprehensive System. The control group comprised 55 healthy participants with similar sociodemographic characteristics. Specific differences were found for both cognitive and affective aspects, as the patients with progressive course of multiple sclerosis had less positive self-image, less effective mediation processing, and an affective approach to reality. Present data illustrated the usefulness of examining patients with a progressive course of multiple sclerosis to identify abilities and difficulties in cognitive and affective patterns, and support better adaptation to relationships and the environment.

  19. Inferential Costs of Trait Centrality in Impression Formation: Organization in Memory and Misremembering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila D. Nunes

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available An extension of the DRM paradigm was used to study the impact of central traits (Asch, 1946 in impression formation. Traits corresponding to the four clusters of the implicit theory of personality—intellectual, positive and negative; and social, positive and negative (Rosenberg et al., 1968—were used to develop lists containing several traits of one cluster and one central trait prototypical of the opposite cluster. Participants engaging in impression formation relative to participants engaging in memorization not only produced higher levels of false memories corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits but, under response time pressure at retrieval, also produced more false memories of the cluster corresponding to the central trait. We argue that the importance of central traits stems from their ability to activate their corresponding semantic space within a specialized associative memory structure underlying the implicit theory of personality.

  20. [Situational low self-esteem in pregnant women: an analysis of accuracy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcante, Joyce Carolle Bezerra; de Sousa, Vanessa Emille Carvalho; Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the accuracy of defining characteristics of Situational low self-esteem we developed a cross-sectional study, with 52 pregnant women assisted in a family centre. The NANDA-I taxonomy was used as well as the Rosenberg's scale. The diagnosis was present in 32.7% of the sample and all characteristics presented statistical significance, except "Reports verbally situational challenge to its own value". The characteristics "Indecisive behavior" and "Helplessness expressions" had 82.35% of sensitivity. On the other hand, the characteristics "Expression of feelings of worthlessness" and "Reports verbally situational challenge to its own value" were the more specific, with 94.29% of specificity. These results can contribute with the nursing practice because the identification of accurate characteristics is essential to a secure inference.

  1. Modeling determinants of medication attitudes and poor adherence in early nonaffective psychosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drake, Richard J; Nordentoft, Merete; Haddock, Gillian

    2015-01-01

    medication attitudes, self-esteem, and insight in an early psychosis cohort better to understand their relationships. Existing longitudinal data from 309 patients with early Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, nonaffective psychosis (83% first episode) were analyzed to test...... the hypothesis that medication attitudes, while meaningfully different from "insight," correlated with insight and self-esteem, and change in each influenced the others. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Birchwood Insight Scale, and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale insight were assessed at presentation, after 6...... five latent constructs best fitted the data: medication attitudes, self-esteem, accepting need for treatment, self-rated insight, and objective insight. All were related and each affected the others as it changed, except self-esteem and medication attitudes. Low self-reported insight at presentation...

  2. Exercise impact on depressed patients’ self

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mohammadi-Nezhad, Mahdi

    The overall aim of the present thesis is to investigate the effects of aerobic, anaerobic and relaxation forms of exercise on physical self-perception and self-esteem of Danish epressed patients. This study was designed as part of a larger project called DEMO which was a parallel-group, randomised...... of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) in Danish depressed patients. We also tested the ability of the PSPP for discriminant validity when depression groups were compared with normal adults. The mediating role of self-esteem in physical self-perceptions and negative affect relationship were examined....... A sample of 96 Danish psychiatric patients completed the PSPP, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA). The Danish version of the PSPP showed high internal consistency and Applying the exploratory and confirmatory factor...

  3. Influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity on oral health related quality of life in patients with partial tooth loss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

    2013-01-01

    To meaningfully interpret oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures, the influence of personality traits must be investigated. Objectives:To investigate and quantify the influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity (NA) on OHRQoL. It was hypothesized that low self-esteem and high...... NA would be associated with worse OHRQoL.Methods: OHRQoL measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), self-esteem measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), NA measured by the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), global oral rating of oral comfort and controlling...... and clinically significantly higher and self-esteem was statistically significantly lower in patients reporting worse oral comfort. Conclusion: NA had the strongest and most clinically meaningful influence, but both NA and self-esteem was found to influence OHRQoL; low self-esteem and high NA was associated...

  4. The impact of economic inequalities on self-esteem and depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Claus D.

    2014-01-01

    Background: During the last five years, negative consequences of austerity politics (e.g. its impact on soft outcomes such as self-esteem and mental health) have been dismissed as being irrelevant as arguments against ‘necessary’ social reforms and cut backs in many European countries including...... Denmark. But how important are economic factors, e.g. childhood experiences of parental unemployment, poverty and difficulties participating in leisure time activities as antecedents for self-esteem and depression? Methods: Information from a birth cohort study of all adolescents born in 1989 (n=3......,058) living in Ringkøbing County, Denmark in 2004 was collected across three questionnaire rounds (age 15, 18 and 21) containing questions about self-esteem (Rosenberg scale), symptoms of depression and many other , health, peer relations, school etc. Information on social background of the participants (e...

  5. Influence of negative affectivity and self-esteem on the oral health related quality of life in patients receiving oral rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

    2013-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the personality traits Negative Affectivity (NA) and self-esteem influenced the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in patients receiving oral rehabilitation. Methods: OHRQoL was measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49...... (OHIP-49), NA with a short form of the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), and self-esteem with Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 66 patients treated with removable dental prosthesis (RDP). The minimally important difference (MID), effect size (ES), and standard error......L regardless of level of NA and self-esteem. High NA is associated with a large effect, but both high NA and low self-esteem is associated with poorer OHRQoL both before and after treatment....

  6. Surgical correction of pectus carinatum improves perceived body image, mental health and self-esteem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Marie Veje; Grosen, Kasper; Pilegaard, Hans K.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of surgical correction of pectus carinatum on health- related quality of life and self-esteem. METHODS: Between May 2012 and May 2013, a prospective observational single-center cohort study was conduct- ed on consecutive patients...... undergoing surgical correction of pectus carinatum at our institution. Patients filled in questionnaires on health-related quality of life and self-esteem before and six months after surgery. RESULTS: Disease-specific health-related quality of life was improved by 33% (95% CI: 23; 44%) according to responses...... to the Nuss Questionnaire modified for Adults. The improvement for generic mental health-related quality of life was 7% (95% CI: 3; 12%) in responses to the Short Form-36 Questionnaire. The improvement in self-esteem was 9% (95% CI: 2; 17%) as assessed with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. A Single Step...

  7. Autoestima y Trastornos de Personalidad de lo Lineal a lo Complejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Ramos Martín

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre autoestima y psicopatología es compleja. Mediante el RSS (Rosenberg y otras escalas (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II hallamos, en 100 pacientes con Trastorno de Personalidad, una media de autoestima de 20,48 (D.T = 5,54, inferior a otras muestras clínicas y a la población general. Encontramos un "cluster" de autoestima positiva en los rasgos narcisistas e histriónicos; y otro "cluster" de autoestima negativa en los rasgos límites, autodestructivos, fóbico-evitativos, esquizotípicos, pasivo-agresivos y esquizoides (TB ¿ 85 en el MCMI-II. La apertura a criterios de estabilidad, congruencia e integración con otros procesos permite una comprensión más fecunda del constructo en el ámbito de los Trastornos de Personalidad.

  8. Bringing inorganic chemistry to life with inspiration from R. J. P. Williams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, H Allen O; Sadler, Peter J

    2016-03-01

    Our appreciation of the scholarly ideas and thinking of Bob Williams is illustrated here by a few of the areas in which he inspired us. His journey to bring inorganic chemistry to life began with an early interest in analytical chemistry, rationalising the relative stabilities of metal coordination complexes (The Irving-Williams Series), and elucidating the organometallic redox chemistry of vitamin B12. He (and Vallee) recognised that metal ions are in energised (entatic) states in proteins and enzymes, which themselves are dynamic structures of rods and springs. He played a key role in helping Rosenberg to pave the road toward the clinic for the anticancer drug cisplatin. He believed that evolution is not just dependent on DNA, but also on the metallome. Organisms and the environment are one system: does DNA code directly for all the essential elements of life?

  9. The relationship between false confessions and perceptions of parental rearing practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudjonsson, Gisli H; Sigurdsson, Jon Fridrik; Finnbogadottir, Hildur; Smari, Unnur Jakobsdottir

    2006-10-01

    The main aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between a history of having made a false confession and reported parental rearing practices. It was hypothesized that the reporting of rejection and absence of warmth by parents would be associated with the making of a false confession. The participants were 804 college students in Iceland. Each was asked about false confessions made to teachers and parents in the past, as well as about false confessions made to the police during questioning. The participants completed questionnaires relating to perceived parental rearing practices (EMBU), proneness to antisocial behavior (the Gough Socialization Scale), personality (EPQ), self-esteem (Rosenberg), and compliance (GCS). Only eight participants (1% of those interrogated) claimed to have made false confessions to the police, whereas 10% claimed to have made false confessions to teachers or parents. False confessions were significantly associated with proneness to antisocial behavior and the EMBU Rejection and Warmth scales for both fathers and mothers.

  10. Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents?☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortes, Leonardo de Sousa; Cipriani, Flávia Marcele; Coelho, Fernanda Dias; Paes, Santiago Tavares; Ferreira, Maria Elisa Caputo

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regression model indicated influence of "positive self-esteem" (R2=0.16; p=0.001) and "negative self-esteem" (R2=0.23; p=0.001) subscales on the BSQ scores. Univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated differences in BSQ scores (p=0.001) according to groups of self-esteem. Conclusion: It was concluded that self-esteem influenced body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls from Juiz de Fora, MG. PMID:25479855

  11. Interaction of Small Bodies with the Atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca Delzanno, Gian; Lapenta, Giovanni; Rosenberg, Marlene

    2002-11-01

    We consider some aspects of meteor physics. We focus on several processes relevant to the interaction of meteoroids with the atmosphere, that involve concepts typical of dusty plasmas. The objective of our research is to simulate the meteor flight directly using the kinetic PIC simulation code DEMOCRITUS [1] and a new high accuracy PIC code designed to simulate meteoroids in spherical geometry. The simulations will investigate the physics determined by thermionic emissions [2] and by the presence of potential wakes in the meteor trail. These two aspects will be considered particularly with respect to their relevance to observations, such as the solution of still outstanding problems in the interpretation of radar echoes from the head and trail of meteors. [1] G. Lapenta, Phys. Plasmas, 6, 1442 (1999). [2] G. Sorasio, D.A. Mendis, M. Rosenberg, Planetary Space Sci. , 49, 1257 (2001).

  12. Children with obesity: peer influence as a predictor of body dissatisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaya-Hernández, Adriana; Ortega-Luyando, Mayaro; Bautista-Díaz, María Leticia; Alvarez-Rayón, Georgina L; Mancilla-Díaz, Juan Manuel

    2017-03-07

    To analyze self-esteem, as well as the different peer influence components (messages, interactions and likability) as predictors of body dissatisfaction in children with obesity. A total of 123 children aged between 10 and 12 years were divided into two groups according to their body mass index. The group with obesity was comprised of 36 boys and 21 girls and the group with normal weight of 32 boys and 34 girls. All of the participants answered the Body Shape Questionnaire-16, the Inventory of Peer Influence on Eating Concerns, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis for each group showed that likability and peer messages explain 67% of the body dissatisfaction variance in children with obesity and 54% in children with normal weight. Peer influence predicted body dissatisfaction in children; however, children with obesity assimilate messages from their peers differently compared with children with normal weight.

  13. SPSS and SAS programs for generalizability theory analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mushquash, Christopher; O'Connor, Brian P

    2006-08-01

    The identification and reduction of measurement errors is a major challenge in psychological testing. Most investigators rely solely on classical test theory for assessing reliability, whereas most experts have long recommended using generalizability theory instead. One reason for the common neglect of generalizability theory is the absence of analytic facilities for this purpose in popular statistical software packages. This article provides a brief introduction to generalizability theory, describes easy to use SPSS, SAS, and MATLAB programs for conducting the recommended analyses, and provides an illustrative example, using data (N = 329) for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Program output includes variance components, relative and absolute errors and generalizability coefficients, coefficients for D studies, and graphs of D study results.

  14. Self-liking and self-competence separate self-evaluation from self-deception: associations with personality, ability, and achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mar, Raymond A; DeYoung, Colin G; Higgins, Daniel M; Peterson, Jordan B

    2006-08-01

    The similarities between measures of self-evaluation and self-deception are reviewed, and a method for discriminating between them is proposed, using personality profiles and relations to ability and achievement. Across two samples, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Tafarodi's measures of self-evaluation were used to demonstrate that the RSES and Self-Liking are more similar to Self-Deceptive Enhancement than is self-competence. Further, Self-Competence is uniquely associated with cognitive ability and both academic and creative achievement. It is concluded that, along with self-liking, self-competence is a useful form of self-evaluation that should be measured and taken into account in research that has traditionally focused on self-esteem.

  15. The relationships between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction, and self-esteem among Australian gay men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kousari-Rad, Pantea; McLaren, Suzanne

    2013-01-01

    Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of "belonging" to an appearance-oriented community is important.

  16. Abdominoplasty and its effect on body image, self-esteem, and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Brito, Maria José Azevedo; Nahas, Fábio Xerfan; Barbosa, Marcus Vinicius Jardini; Dini, Gal Moreira; Kimura, Alexandro Kenji; Farah, Andréia Bufoni; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

    2010-07-01

    The impact of abdominoplasty on the quality of life of abdominoplasty patients was assessed 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Forty women aged 25 to 60 years were divided into study group (25 patients who underwent abdominoplasty) and waiting-list control group (15 patients). Three questionnaires (Body Shape Questionnaire [BSQ], Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [RSE/UNIFESP], and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire [SF-36]) were administered to the study group (preoperatively, 1- and 6-months postoperatively) and control group (on 2 occasions 6 months apart). A significant positive impact on body image, self-esteem, and mental health was found 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Significant differences were observed in role physical, role emotional, and vitality 1-month postoperatively. In the control group, significant differences were found for vitality. There was a significant improvement in Comparative perception of body image (6-month assessment) in the study group compared with controls. Abdominoplasty improved body image, self-esteem, and mental health.

  17. Relationship between body mass index and women's body image, self-esteem and eating behaviours in pregnancy: a cross-cultural study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Hetherington, Marion M; Rudolf, Mary; Feltbower, Richard G

    2015-04-01

    This study examined the relationship between self-esteem, restrained eating, body image and body mass index during pregnancy. A total of 110 pregnant Israeli and UK women completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire, the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, scales to assess body image and demographics. Body mass index was calculated from antenatal records. Regression modelling determined the relationship between variables, countries and body mass index categories. High correlations were found between body image and body mass index with significantly higher body dissatisfaction for Israeli women. Self-esteem scores for pregnant women were similar to those reported for non-pregnant women. Poorer body image and higher prevalence of restrained eating were found in healthy weight Israeli women. © The Author(s) 2013.

  18. [The relationships among self-identity, self-esteem and attitude towards sexual behavior in university students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuno, Takako; Tachi, Etsuko; Ogasawara, Akihiko; Shimokata, Hiroshi; Yamaguchi, Yoko

    2002-10-01

    It has been reported that the young people of today tend to engage in sexual behavior at an early age and the abortion rate is high. The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of post-adolescents with regard to sexual behaviors and the relationship to self-identity and self-esteem. The subjects were 234 males (mean +/- SD 20.2 +/- 1.1 years) and 460 females (mean +/- SD 19.5 +/- 1.1 years) 4-year university students aged 18 to 23 years in Aichi Prefecture. An anonymous, self-report questionnaire was used to survey the subjects with regard to self-identity ("Establishment of Self" scale), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), and sexual attitude and behavior. The scores on both scales and subscales of the "Establishment of Self" scale, "Foundation of Identity (Foundation)" and "Establishment of Identity (Establishment)", were calculated and intercompared, along with sexual attitude and behavior, controlled for age and school type. The mean total score of the "Establishment of Self" scale for males was 55.3 (SD9.2) and for females 52.2 (SD9.3), while those for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were 27.2 (SD5.5) and 25.7 (SD5.2), respectively. There was significant positive correlation all scales in both sexes. Both male and female students had positive attitude towards sex and a negative view of "traditional gender roles" particularly females. Of the subjects, 82.4% of males and 69.5% of females were thinking of accepting a request for sexual intercourse from their partners. Many students understood the "need for contraception", that is a component of contraceptive behavior. Most of them, however, didn't acquire the other components. A total of 68.3% of males and 48.2% of females had experienced sexual intercourse during the last year. Of these, 50.6% of males and 58.2% of females consistently used contraception. The score on the "Establishment of Self" scale was higher among both the male and female students who responded positively to having

  19. Force Feedback Joystick

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    I-FORCE, a computer peripheral from Immersion Corporation, was derived from virtual environment and human factors research at the Advanced Displays and Spatial Perception Laboratory at Ames Research Center in collaboration with Stanford University Center for Design Research. Entrepreneur Louis Rosenberg, a former Stanford researcher, now president of Immersion, collaborated with Dr. Bernard Adelstein at Ames on studies of perception in virtual reality. The result was an inexpensive way to incorporate motors and a sophisticated microprocessor into joysticks and other game controllers. These devices can emulate the feel of a car on the skid, a crashing plane, the bounce of a ball, compressed springs, or other physical phenomenon. The first products incorporating I-FORCE technology include CH- Products' line of FlightStick and CombatStick controllers.

  20. Stochastic volatility selected readings

    CERN Document Server

    Shephard, Neil

    2005-01-01

    Neil Shephard has brought together a set of classic and central papers that have contributed to our understanding of financial volatility. They cover stocks, bonds and currencies and range from 1973 up to 2001. Shephard, a leading researcher in the field, provides a substantial introduction in which he discusses all major issues involved. General Introduction N. Shephard. Part I: Model Building. 1. A Subordinated Stochastic Process Model with Finite Variance for Speculative Prices, (P. K. Clark). 2. Financial Returns Modelled by the Product of Two Stochastic Processes: A Study of Daily Sugar Prices, 1961-7, S. J. Taylor. 3. The Behavior of Random Variables with Nonstationary Variance and the Distribution of Security Prices, B. Rosenberg. 4. The Pricing of Options on Assets with Stochastic Volatilities, J. Hull and A. White. 5. The Dynamics of Exchange Rate Volatility: A Multivariate Latent Factor ARCH Model, F. X. Diebold and M. Nerlove. 6. Multivariate Stochastic Variance Models. 7. Stochastic Autoregressive...

  1. The effect of education given before surgery on self-esteem and body image in women undergoing hysterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaman, Şengül; Ayaz, Sultan

    2015-12-01

    To evaluate the effect of information provided before surgery on the self-esteem and body image of women undergoing hysterectomy. The study had a semi-experimental design with pre-post tests. A total of 60 women were included in the study and divided into two groups, the intervention group (n=30) and control group (n=30). A questionnaire, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and the body image scale were used to collect data. The pre- and post-test body image scores were similar in the intervention group patients, but the post-test scores were significantly higher in the control group (pself-esteem scores were again similar in the intervention group, but the post-test scores were significantly lower in the control group (pself-esteem.

  2. Baltisaksa kirjanduse breviaar : põhilaad, erijooned, esindajad / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Baltisaksa kirjanduse esindajaid: Barbara Juliane von Krüdener (1764-1824), Carl Gustav Jochmann (1789-1830), Karl Ernst von Baer (1792-1876), Alexander von Ungern-Sternberg (1806-1868), Victor Hehn (1813-1890), Carl Schirren (1826-1910), Eduard von Keyserling (1855-1918), Wilhelm Ostwald (1853-1932), Jakob von Uexküll (1864-1944), Hermann Keyserling (1880-1946), Werner Bergengruen (1892-1964), Alfred Rosenberg (1893-1946), Edzard Schaper (1908-1984). Ajalookirjutajatest: Läti Henriku (u. 1188-pärast 1259) Liivimaa kroonikast ja Balthasar Russowi (u. 1535-1600) Liivimaa kroonikast, Garlieb Helwig Merkel (1769-1859). Eesti- ja Liivimaaga seotud kirjanikest: Paul Fleming (1609-1640), Jacob Michael Reinhold Lenz (1751-1792), August von Kotzebue (1761-1819). Riiast Baltikumi 18. saj.kultuuripealinnana. Autorist lk. 250

  3. Self-esteem and health-related quality of life in ostomized patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle da Cunha Ferreira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: to assess self-esteem (SE and health-related quality of life (HRQoL in ostomized patients due to colorectal cancer. Method: cross sectional research with a quantitative approach. Three instruments were used for data collection: one instrument containing sociodemographic and clinical data, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire. Results: SE and HRQoL were considered satisfactory. Significant statistical difference was found in the social function domain and marital status, ostomy duration, location, and time; global health scale and ostomy type; cognitive function and pain in the ostomy site. There was a correlation between self-esteem and all the functional scales and the global health scale. Conclusion: knowing SE and HRQoL levels, in addition to the variables that influence them, supports ostomized patients' care planning, rehabilitation, and social autonomy.

  4. [Public university students' psychosocial factors associated with legal and illegal substance consumption].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogollo-Milanés, Zuleima; Arrieta-Vergara, Katherine M; Blanco-Bayuelo, Sandra; Ramos-Martínez, Lina; Zapata, Karen; Rodríguez-Berrio, Yuranis

    2011-06-01

    Determining the prevalence and psychosocial factors associated with public university students' legal and illegal substance consumption. This was across-sectional study of 1,359 randomly selected students. The harvesting instrument included the CAGE questionnaire and VESPA,WHO, Rosenberg, Francis and APGAR scales. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for univariate and bivariate analysis using disparity ratios (95 % confidence intervals and 5 % error) whilst logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. An association was found between abusive alcohol consumption and smoking cigarettes (OR=4.6), marijuana (OR=4.6) and using cocaine (OR=2.2); having a dysfunctional family was associated with smoking cigarettes (OR=1.2), using cocaine (OR=1.95) and abusive alcohol consumption (OR=1.94). Abusive alcohol consumption and having a dysfunctional family were influential factors regarding psychoactive substance consumption in public university students.

  5. Adaptation and validation of the dispositional hope scale for adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Cerentini Pacico

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the psychometric features and the validation process of the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS for adolescents in the south of Brazil. This scale measures the Hope construct in terms of pathways and agency. The ADHS was translated to Portuguese and underwent a reverse translation. A sample of 450 students, from 14 to 18 years old (M=16.8 years, SD=3.4, 56% female, answered the ADHS, the Hope Index, the LOT-R and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. A factorial analysis with varimax rotation showed that the scale is unidimensional and that its internal consistency was adequate (Cronbach's alpha = .80. No significant gender differences were found. Correlations of ADHS with the other constructs presented evidence of convergent validity in the present study.

  6. Ideación suicida, depresión y autoestima en adolescentes escolares de Santa Marta

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Augusto Ceballos-Ospino; Yuli Suarez-Colorado; Jesús Suescún-Arregocés; Lizeth Milena Gamarra-Vega; Karen Estefany González; Andrea Paola Sotelo-Manjarres

    2015-01-01

    El presente estudio buscó establecer la relación existente entre depresión, autoestima e ideación suicida en estudiantes adolescentes de media vocacional en Santa Marta. La evaluación se efectuó a través del Inventario de Depresión de Beck, la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg, la Escala de Ideación Suicida de Beck y de un cuestionario socio demográfico. La muestra estuvo conformada por 242 estudiantes entre 15 a 19 años (Media=15 DesvTip=15.3), escogidos a través de un muestreo aleatorio est...

  7. Translating research into practice: targeting negative thinking as a modifiable risk factor for depression prevention in the college student population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Jenna L

    2013-06-01

    This article describes the effects of an evidence-based depression prevention intervention on the depressive symptomatology, negative thinking, and self-esteem in college students. A feasibility study was conducted using pre-test post-test design sampling a total of 12 college students. Participants underwent 4-weeks of psychological treatment using Peden's cognitive behavioral group intervention. The Beck Depression Inventory, Crandell Cognitions Inventory, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered at two time points: prior to the intervention (T1) and 4weeks later (T2). Paired t-test analysis found participants had significantly decreased depressive symptoms and negative thinking, and significantly increased self-esteem from T1 to T2. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. A Disproportionate Burden of Care: Gender Differences in Mental Health, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Social Support in Mexican Multiple Sclerosis Caregivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrin, Paul B; Panyavin, Ivan; Morlett Paredes, Alejandra; Aguayo, Adriana; Macias, Miguel Angel; Rabago, Brenda; Picot, Sandra J Fulton; Arango-Lasprilla, Juan Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) rates in Latin America are increasing, and caregivers there experience reduced mental and physical health. Based on rigid gender roles in Latin America, women more often assume caregiving duties, yet the differential impact on women of these duties is unknown. This study examined gender differences in mental health (Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Zarit Burden Inventory), health-related quality of life (HRQOL; Short Form-36), and social support (Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12) in 81 (66.7% women) Mexican MS caregivers. As compared to men caregivers, women had lower mental health (p = 0.006), HRQOL (p social support (p America influence women to assume more substantial caregiving duties, MS caregiver interventions in Latin America-particularly for women caregivers-should address the influence of gender-role conformity on care and psychosocial functioning.

  9. Membership in fraternities and sororities, depression, and suicidal ideation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridgway, Rachael; Tang, Connie; Lester, David

    2014-06-01

    College student membership in fraternities/sororities may have positive or negative effects on their behavior. This study investigated the relationships between fraternity/sorority membership, depression, and suicidal behavior. 293 undergraduate students (232 women, 61 men; M age = 22.6 yr., SD = 1.5, range = 18-24; 127 sorority sisters, 35 fraternity brothers) from a rural state college participated in the study. Depression, self-esteem and perceived social support were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, respectively. Depression and suicidal ideation correlated negatively with self-esteem and perceived social support, but were not correlated with membership in fraternities/sororities.

  10. Early marriage, rape, child prostitution, and related factors determining the psychosocial effects severity of child sexual abuse in Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wondie, Yemataw; Zemene, Workie; Reschke, Konrad; Schröder, Harry

    2011-05-01

    This study was aimed at identifying factors that determine the psychosocial effects severity of child sexual abuse. Data were collected from 318 female children in Ethiopia using the Children's Impact of Traumatic Events Scale-Revised and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The results revealed that respondents who survived rape and child prostitution were more symptomatic than those who were married early. Respondents for whom less time had elapsed since their first experience of abuse demonstrated a significantly higher level of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, negative reactions by others, self-blame, and guilt than those for whom more time had elapsed since such an experience. The respondents in an intact marital relationship were found to be less symptomatic than their never married and divorced counterparts. Implications for intervention and further investigations are discussed.

  11. Sarcopénia : fisiopatologia e consequências clínicas

    OpenAIRE

    Manageiro, Andreia Sofia Rodrigues

    2014-01-01

    Dissertação para obtenção do grau de Mestre no Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde Egas Moniz Define-se por Sarcopénia a perda progressiva e generalizada de massa, força e função muscular que ocorre durante o envelhecimento. Este termo foi utilizado pela primeira vez por Irwin Rosenberg (1989), para descrever a perda de massa muscular que verificou ocorrer durante o envelhecimento. Desde então, e devido a uma melhoria nos métodos de avaliação da composição corporal, concluiu-se que o t...

  12. Esteem and hopelessness in adolescents in an educational institution of Quindío

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Alonso Andrade-Salazar

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This is an empirical-analytic correlational research whose intent is to find the relationship between levels of self-esteem and hopelessness in adolescents in an educational institution of Quindío. The Beck Hopelessness Scale was applied, and the Self-Esteem Scale Rosenberg.   It was found that the risk of suicide or grade of hopelessness “none or minimal” is 59,4 %, “mild” 26,8 %, “moderate” 12,9 % and “high” 0,9 %. The type of suicide risk is minimal in women 33,5% and high 0,9 %, while in the men is minimal 29,5 %, mild 17 %, and moderate 7,1 %. Expressing as conclusion that hopelessness is increase for motivational and cognitive factors that shape suicidal ideation and raise the risk of suicide. Low self-esteem is not a consistent factor in suicidal ideation.

  13. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURAL IDENTITY AND SELF-ESTEEM AMONG CHINESE UYGHUR COLLEGE STUDENTS: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF ACCULTURATION ATTITUDES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Li; Lin, Chongde; Li, Tsingan; Dou, Donghui; Zhou, Liqing

    2015-08-01

    Most acculturation research throughout the world has been conducted in immigrant settings. In order to examine the generalizability of the previous conclusions in immigrant settings, the present study tried to explore the relationship between cultural identity and self-esteem and the mediating role of acculturation attitudes in China. Using the cross-sectional design, a total number of 342 Uyghur college students were asked to complete a survey comprising the Multi-Group Ethnic/National Identity Measure-Revised Scale, the Acculturation Attitudes Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Using hierarchical multiple regression, the results indicated that cultural identity was positively correlated with self-esteem. A significant mediation of acculturation was observed between cultural identity and self-esteem. These findings demonstrated the significance of cultural identity and acculturation attitudes in the adaptation of Chinese Uyghur college students, in which integration is an optimal acculturation attitude.

  14. Hubungan Dukungan Orangtua dan Harga diri dengan Harapan sebagai Variabel Mediator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Permatasari

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Harga diri dirasa memiliki peranan yang penting pada perkembangan remaja, remaja yang memiliki harga diri akan memiliki keyakinan diri sehingga merasa dihargai dalam lingkungan sosialnya. Orangtua memiliki tanggung jawab yang besar dalam memenuhi kebutuhan harga diri anak, tidak hanya dukungan orangtua tetapi harapan juga dianggap mampu membentuk harga diri remaja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara dukungan orangtua dan harga diri dengan harapan sebagai variabel mediator. Subjek penelitian adalah remaja berkisar 12-15 tahun di SMP Kartika IV-8 Kota Malang sebanyak 50 subjek. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan menggunakan Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale untuk mengukur harga diri, Parents as Social Context Questionnaire (PASCQ Child Report untuk mengukur dukungan orangtua, dan Hope Scale for Children untuk mengukur harapan pada anak. Metode analisis menggunakan analisis regresi berganda dengan uji sobel untuk menguji hasil mediasi. Hasil dari analisis menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh langsung antara dukungan orangtua dan harga diri pada remaja dengan signifikan B=0,693; p

  15. Association Between Socio-Demographic Background and Self-Esteem of University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haq, Muhammad Ahsan Ul

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to scrutinize self-esteem of university students and explore association of self-esteem with academic achievement, gender and other factors. A sample of 346 students was selected from Punjab University, Lahore Pakistan. Rosenberg self-esteem scale with demographic variables was used for data collection. Besides descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression and t test were used for analysing the data. Significant gender difference was observed, self-esteem was significantly higher in males than females. Logistic regression indicates that age, medium of instruction, family income, student monthly expenditures, GPA and area of residence has direct effect on self-esteem; while number of siblings showed an inverse effect.

  16. Influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico de estudiantes universitarios chilenos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Barra Almagia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio, de tipo correlacional transeccional, examinó la influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico, en una muestra de 450 estudiantes de ambos sexos de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile, quienes respondieron las Escalas de Autoestima de Rosenberg, de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff y el Cuestionario de Apoyo Social Percibido. Se encontró que la autoestima tenía una influencia mayor sobre el bienestar psicológico que el apoyo social percibido. Aunque no hubo diferencias de sexo en el bienestar psicológico global, se observaron diferencias a favor de los hombres en las dimensiones de autoaceptación y autonomía, y a favor de las mujeres, en crecimiento personal, así como diferencias a favor de los hombres en autoestima y a favor de las mujeres en apoyo socialpercibido.

  17. Beneficios de un programa de ejercicio físico en mujeres obesas postmenopáusicas. [Improvements of an home-based physical exercise program in obese postmenopausal women].

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco García-González

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: evaluar los efectos de un programa ambulatorio de ejercicio físico sobre calidad de vida, parámetros antropométricos y condición física en mujeres obesas posmenopáusicas. Métodos: 106 mujeres posmenopáusicas con obesidad fueron asignadas a participar en un programa ambulatorio de ejercicio físico (aeróbico y anaeróbico, o a recibir información convencional sobre dieta y ejercicio. Se evaluó a los 6 meses el efecto del programa sobre calidad de vida (tests Euroqol, Rosenberg y valoración subjetiva de salud, peso, índice cintura y masa grasa, y resistencia y fuerza física. Resultados: Las mujeres incluidas en el grupo de ejercicio mejoraron su calidad de vida a los seis meses de iniciado el programa (EuroQol 0,74 (0,25 frente a 0,42 (SD 0,39; Rosenberg: 25,26 (4,62 frente a 20,56 (5,21; valoración subjetiva de salud (%: 72,5 (18,45 frente a 58,36 (19,62; p<0,001 y redujeron peso (87,82 (14,88 frente a 92,21 (14,69; p<0,001 e IMC (36,12 (5,58 frente a 37,99 (5,93; p<0,001. La fuerza en miembros inferiores mejoró (31,88 (15,61 frente a 28,79 (16,75; p<0,001. No se obtuvo mejora en el resto de parámetros de condición física. En el grupo control no hubo mejoras en las variables analizadas. Se produjeron 31 abandonos tras 24 semanas. Conclusiones: un programa ambulatorio de ejercicio mejora la calidad de vida, reduce el peso y la masa grasa en mujeres obesas posmenopáusicas. La alta tasa de abandono debe considerarse un factor limitante en este tipo de programas. Abstract Background: To determine the efficacy of a home-based physical exercise program on quality of life, physical condition and anthropometric and biochemical parameters in obese postmenopausal women. Methods: 106 obese postmenopausal women were randomized to participate in a home-based physical exercise program, contains aerobic and anaerobic activity, or to receive conventional information about diet and exercise. After 6 months, effects on quality of

  18. Relationships between self-efficacy, self-esteem and procrastination in undergraduate psychology students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajloo, Nader

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to review the relationships between procrastination and two self-factors self-efficacy and self-esteem. Participants were 140 undergraduates Psychology students enrolled in Mohagheg Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran. Instruments used for collecting the required data were the student-version of the General Procrastination Scale (GP-S), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (SES). Using causal modeling, two models were compared; a model with self-esteem as a mediator versus a model with procrastination as a mediator. The self-esteem mediator model accounted for 21% of the variance in procrastination. The significance of the mediation effect was found by bootstrapping method. The relationship of procrastination with self-esteem and self-efficacy was revealed among undergraduate psychology students.

  19. Revised multicultural perspective index and measures of depression, life satisfaction, shyness, and self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowrer, Robert R; Parker, Keesha N

    2004-12-01

    In a 2002 publication, Mowrer and McCarver reported weak but significant correlations (r =.24) between scores on the Multicultural Perspective Index and scores on Neugarten, Havighurst, and Tobin's 1961 Life Satisfaction Index-A and the Life Satisfaction Scale developed in 1985 by Diener, Emmons, Larsen, and Griffin. Using 382 undergraduate students the present study reduced the Index from 42 to 29 items based on each item's correlation with total items. An additional 104 undergraduate students then completed the modified 29-item version, Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale, Cheek and Buss's Shyness Scale, the Self-rating Depression Scale by Zung, and the Neugarten, et al. Life Satisfaction Index-A. Scores on the modified Index were negatively correlated with those on the Depression and Shyness scales and positively correlated with scores on the Self-esteem and Life Satisfaction scales (p< .05).

  20. Mental health promotion of Iranian university students: the effect of self-esteem and health locus of control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moshki, M; Amiri, M; Khosravan, S

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-esteem and health control belief on promoting students' mental health. In so doing, 144 students from two medical universities in the north-east of Iran were recruited into study. They were pair-matched and randomly assigned to case and control groups. The data were collected through Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire-28, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scales. The results showed that there were significant differences between the groups before and after the intervention. The external components of health locus of control (chance and powerful others) showed a significant decrease but the internal health locus of control and self-esteem revealed a significant increase after the intervention (P students' mental health had a significant increase after 3 months of intervention (P students. This will require additional monitoring and uninterrupted attempts to be effective. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing.

  1. Self-esteem and health-related quality of life in ostomized patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Emmanuelle da Cunha; Barbosa, Maria Helena; Sonobe, Helena Megumi; Barichello, Elizabeth

    2017-04-01

    to assess self-esteem (SE) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in ostomized patients due to colorectal cancer. cross sectional research with a quantitative approach. Three instruments were used for data collection: one instrument containing sociodemographic and clinical data, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire. SE and HRQoL were considered satisfactory. Significant statistical difference was found in the social function domain and marital status, ostomy duration, location, and time; global health scale and ostomy type; cognitive function and pain in the ostomy site. There was a correlation between self-esteem and all the functional scales and the global health scale. knowing SE and HRQoL levels, in addition to the variables that influence them, supports ostomized patients' care planning, rehabilitation, and social autonomy.

  2. The meaning of the body schema in reaching maturity during late adolescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirucka Beata

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research presented in this paper was to investigate whether an association existed between the activation of the body schema and reaching adulthood among people in late adolescence. Three activities that are known to enjoy popularity among young people were analysed, namely: dancing, playing computer games that require motor involvement (e.g. Kinect, and playing computer games of an educational and entertaining character. It was assumed that the chosen forms of activity correspond to three levels of activation of the body schema. The following research methods have been applied to this study: the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES, the Defence Style Questionnaire (DSQ, and the Bodily Self Representation Questionnaire. The study has proven that the activation of body schema through dance is significantly related to high self-esteem and the use of mainly mature and neurotic defence mechanisms in threat situations.

  3. Inserção em grupos formais e qualidade de vida entre adolescentes Insertion in formal groups and quality of life among adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheila de Oliveira Bueno

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo avalia a relação entre afiliação a grupos formais e sexo e autoestima, satisfação com a vida e propósito de vida, conjuntamente, enquanto componentes da qualidade de vida de adolescentes. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com uma amostra de 748 estudantes do 1º ano do ensino médio, com idades entre 13 e 22 anos, alunos de escolas públicas estaduais de um município da grande Porto Alegre. Os instrumentos utilizados para coleta de dados foram: Pil Test, Brief Life Satisfaction Scale e Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. Os resultados apontam que as três dimensões avaliadas, conjuntamente, foram significativamente afetadas pela pertença a grupos (F(3, 698=2,88, pThis present study evaluates the relation between affiliation to formal groups and gender and self-esteem, life satisfaction and purpose of life, altogether, as components of the quality of life of adolescents. This is a transversal study, with a sample of 748 teenager students from the first year of high school, ages between 13 and 22 years-old, of state public schools of a city in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre. The instruments used to collect the data were: Pil Test, Brief Life Satisfaction Scale and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. The results indicate that the three aspects evaluated, altogether, were significantly affected by the affiliation to groups (F(3, 698= 2,88, p<0,05, but not by gender. The adolescent quality of life is better among youngsters who take part in formal groups. The study points out to the participation in formal groups as an indicative of positive health and a relevant aspect for health promotion.

  4. Testicular prosthesis: Patient satisfaction and sexual dysfunctions in testis cancer survivors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Catanzariti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: We studied patient satisfaction about sexual activity after prosthesis implantation using validated questionnaires with the aim to discover if testicular prosthesis could be responsible of sexual dysfunctions (erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a total of 67 men who underwent radical orchiectomy for testicular cancer and a silicon testicular prosthesis implantation from January 2008 to June 2014 at our Hospital. These patients completed 5 validated questionnaires the day before orchiectomy and 6 months after surgery: the International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF5, the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT, the Body Exposure during Sexual Activities Questionnaire (BESAQ, the Body-Esteem Scale and the Rosenberg Self- Esteem Scale. We also evaluated 6 months after surgery any defects of the prosthesis complained by the patients. Results: The questionnaires completed by patients didn’t show statistically significant changes for erectile dysfunction (p > 0.05 and premature ejaculation (p > 0.05. On the contrary the psychological questionnaires showed statistically significant change for the BESAQ (p < 0.001 and the Body Esteem Scale (p < 0.001, but not for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (p > 0,05. A total of 15 patients (22.37% were dissatisfied about the prosthesis: the most frequent complaint (8 patients; 11.94% was that the prosthesis was firmer than the normal testis. Conclusions: Testicular prosthesis implantation is a safe surgical procedure that should be always proposed before orchiectomy for cancer of the testis. The defects complained by patients with testicular prosthesis are few, they don’t influence sexual activity and they aren’t able to cause erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.

  5. Relationship between the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics and perfectionism and self-esteem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venete, Alina; Trillo-Lumbreras, Eva; Prado-Gascó, Vicente-Javier; Almerich-Silla, José-Manuel; Montiel-Company, José-María

    2017-01-01

    Background Awareness of the influence of personality traits such as self-esteem and perfectionism on the aesthetic self-image can help clinicians to improve their patients’ satisfaction and quality of life. The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between self-esteem, perfectionism and the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics, and their association with gender. Material and Methods A descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 301 students of the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of the University of Valencia, aged between 18 and 30 years. Each participant was asked to complete a survey comprising three questionnaires: PIDAQ (Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire), MPS (Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale) and RSS (Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale). The response rate was 79%. Results The mean age was 20.8 years; 226 were women (75 %) and 75 were men (25 %). A negative correlation (Pearson = -0.387) was found between the total PIDAQ score and self-esteem. The correlation with perfectionism was found to be positive (Pearson = 0.281). On comparing the questionnaire and subscale scores by gender, the only statistically significant differences were in perfectionism (men 97.4, women 89.1) and self-confidence (men 22.1, women 23.5). Conclusions The students most affected by poor dental aesthetics had lower self-esteem and higher levels of perfectionism. The men presented higher levels of perfectionism than the women, while the latter displayed greater self-confidence in their dental aesthetics. Clinicians should pay greater attention to these traits and to their implications for treating these patients. Key words:Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire, multidimensional perfectionism scale, rosenberg self-esteem scale, students. PMID:29410762

  6. The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purić Danka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction research, conducted on a sample of 133 high school seniors, consisted of two phases. In phase one, participants were given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Appearance Satisfaction Scale and Appearance Relevance Scale, and in phase two, one month later, they were exposed to photographs of attractive and unattractive individuals. Two groups of boys and girls each assessed attractive or unattractive individuals of their own gender, while two control groups (of both genders were not exposed to any photographs. Immediately after assessing the photographs, the participants were again given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory and Appearance Satisfaction Scale. We found that forced social comparison had an impact on self-esteem and a marginally significant effect on appearance satisfaction in the group of participants (of both genders assessing the photographs of unattractive individuals, while no effects were found in the either the control group or the group assessing the photographs of attractive individuals. We also examined the impact of self-esteem, appearance satisfaction and appearance relevance as moderating variables on the effect size of social comparison and showed that higher pretest self-esteem and appearance relevance and lower appearance satisfaction predict higher posttest self-esteem scores, regardless of the participants’ group membership. The group of participants exposed to photographs of unattractive people, however, showed the opposite pattern - those participants who had initially lower self-esteem have increased it more as a result of the experimental exposure.

  7. Felt stigma and self-esteem among psychiatric hospital outdoor and community camp attending patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shantna Kumari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Self-stigma of people with mental illness is a major obstacle to recovery, limiting opportunities and undermining self-esteem. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare felt stigma and self-esteem in psychiatric patients receiving treatment from hospital outdoor clinic or from Community Outreach Program (COP. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on psychiatric patients who were on outpatient treatment for at least 6 months, but had never been hospitalized. The study sample included 130 patients receiving outdoor treatment from a Psychiatric Hospital and a matched group of 140 patients receiving treatment from COP of the same hospital. Demographic and clinical details of the patients were recorded on a specially designed proforma. Modified felt stigma scale and Rosenberg self-esteem scale were used to assess stigma and self-esteem, respectively. Results: On the modified felt stigma scale, the mean (±standard deviation [SD] score of psychiatric hospital outpatients (31.89 ± 6.51 was significantly higher than the scores of patients attending COP (29.20 ± 6.80. On Rosenberg self-esteem scale, mean (±SD scores of patients with psychosis (17.98 ± 1.69 was significantly lower compared to scores of patients with epilepsy (21.83 ± 1.60. There was no significant correlation between stigma and self-esteem. Conclusion: As psychiatric hospital outpatients have significantly more self-stigma when compared to patients attending community outreach camps, the availability of more community outreach camps along with educating people about psychiatric illnesses may help in lowering stigma of psychiatric disorders.

  8. Adaptation and validation of The Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents Adaptação e validação da The Hope Index para adolescentes Brasileiros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Cerentini Pacico

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at adapting and validating the Staats Hope Index for Brazilian adolescents. Participants were 450 high school students aged from 14 to 18 years old being 56% females. They responded to the Staats Hope Index, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. A factor analysis extracted two factors, replicating the structure of the original scale. Coefficients alphas were .83 and .81, for each factor, respectively. The correlations of the Hope Index factors with dispositional hope, optimism and self-esteem were similar to the findings reported in the literature and indicated convergent validity. The results indicate that the Hope Index is valid to be used in Brazil and that hope is perceived similarly by Brazilians and Americans despite of some cultural differences.O objetivo deste estudo foi adaptar e validar a escala The Hope Index para adolescentes brasileiros. Participaram 450 estudantes do ensino médio, sendo 56% do sexo feminino. As idades variaram entre 14 e 18 anos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram the Hope Index, Adult Dispositional Hope Scale, Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R e Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. A análise fatorial revelou duas dimensões, conforme a estrutura original da escala com valores do coeficiente alfa de 0,83 e 0,81. As correlações dos fatores da escala The Hope Index com esperança disposicional, otimismo e autoestima foram similares aos achados da literatura e indicam validade convergente. Esses resultados indicam que a escala é válida para uso no Brasil e que Brasileiros e Americanos percebem a esperança de modo similar, apesar de algumas diferenças culturais.

  9. The Effect of Peer Education upon Breast Self-Examination Behaviors and Self-Esteem among University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayran, Gulsun; Fırat, Meryem; Kucukakca, Gulden; Cuneydioğlu, Beyazıt; Tahta, Kubra; Avcı, Esra

    2017-07-01

    The current study was semi-experimentally designed in order to identify the effect of peer education upon breast self-examination (BSE) behaviors and self-esteem among university students. The study was undertaken with 100 female students who studied at Erzincan University. Peer educators were recruited from the 4th year students. The data were collected with a questionnaire form, BSE skill form and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale in two phases one month before and after the BSE peer education. For the data assessment; percentage distributions, frequency, mean, standard deviation and Simple T test were employed. The mean age of the participant students was 20.45±1.67 year and all of them were single. It was found that during the first data collection phase, only 16 % of the students performed BSE while during the final data collection phase, the rate of the students performing BSE rose to 77 %. During the first data collection phase, students received a mean score of 2.36±4.13 from BSE skill form while during the last data collection phase they had a mean score of 10.70±3.40 from BSE skill form. When the scores obtained from Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale by the students were examined, it was seen that they received a mean score of 1.20±1.34 during the first data collection phase while they had a mean score of 0.84±1.07 during the final data collection phase. Although short-term feedback was obtained, it was noted that students' BSE knowledge and skills increased considerably.

  10. Biomass, biogas, biofuels.... Questions and answers; Biomasse, Biogas, Biotreibstoffe... Fragen und Antworten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faulstich, M.; Prechtl, S. (eds.)

    2007-07-01

    Within the scope of the 3rd symposium ''Processes and materials for energy technologies'', held between 20th and 21st June, 2007, at the ATZ Entwicklungszentrum in Sulzbach-Rosenberg (Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (a) What is the future of the bioenergy? (Stephan Prechtl, Sulzbach-Rosenberg); (b) What are the legal news in the range of biogas and biomass? (Michael Roessert, Augsburg); (c) How will the European market of manufacturing plants develop? (Anton Mederle); (d) Availability of raw materials for the production of biofuels in the Germany and in the EC 25 (Juergen Zeddies, Dietrich Klein); (e) Domestic species of plants and their suitability as a supplier of energy and raw materials (Helmar Prestele); (f) What can the biomass perform in Germany? (Martin Faulstich, Kathrin Greiff); (g) When is the combustion of fermentation remainders significant? (Dieter Korz); (h) Attempt of an answer on the question: What burns better, grain or straw? (Fritz Grimm); (i) How does the use of biomass in high-temperature processes look like? (Helmut Seifert, Thomas Kolb, Andreas Hornung); (j) How can biomass be used best? (Udo Dinglreiter); (k) Which chances are offered by contracting models in the biogas sector? (Wilhelm Hiller, Diana Baumgaertner); (l) How can biogas be generated in compost heap? (Ottomar Ruehl, Rainer Scholz); (m) How does an investor of biofuel projects decide? (Klaus Hildebrand); (n) How fast can I drive with autogas, biogas or natural gas? (Peter Biedenkopf); (o) Use of vegetable oil in diesel engines (Markus Brautsch); (p) What are the targets of the bavarian energy policy? (Gerd von Laffert).

  11. Development of multi-dimensional body image scale for malaysian female adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taib, Mohd Nasir Mohd; Shariff, Zalilah Mohd; Khor, Geok Lin

    2008-01-01

    The present study was conducted to develop a Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents. Data were collected among 328 female adolescents from a secondary school in Kuantan district, state of Pahang, Malaysia by using a self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The self-administered questionnaire comprised multiple measures of body image, Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26; Garner & Garfinkel, 1979) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965). The 152 items from selected multiple measures of body image were examined through factor analysis and for internal consistency. Correlations between Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale and body mass index (BMI), risk of eating disorders and self-esteem were assessed for construct validity. A seven factor model of a 62-item Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents with construct validity and good internal consistency was developed. The scale encompasses 1) preoccupation with thinness and dieting behavior, 2) appearance and body satisfaction, 3) body importance, 4) muscle increasing behavior, 5) extreme dieting behavior, 6) appearance importance, and 7) perception of size and shape dimensions. Besides, a multidimensional body image composite score was proposed to screen negative body image risk in female adolescents. The result found body image was correlated with BMI, risk of eating disorders and self-esteem in female adolescents. In short, the present study supports a multi-dimensional concept for body image and provides a new insight into its multi-dimensionality in Malaysian female adolescents with preliminary validity and reliability of the scale. The Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale can be used to identify female adolescents who are potentially at risk of developing body image disturbance through future intervention programs. PMID:20126371

  12. Where simplicity meets complexity: hydra, a model for host-microbe interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustin, René; Fraune, Sebastian; Franzenburg, Sören; Bosch, Thomas C G

    2012-01-01

    For a long time, the main purpose of microbiology and immunology was to study pathogenic bacteria and infectious disease; the potential benefit of commensal bacteria remained unrecognised. Discovering that individuals from Hydra to man are not solitary, homogenous entities but consist of complex communities of many species that likely evolved during a billion years of coexistence (Fraune and Bosch 2010) led to the hologenome theory of evolution (Zilber-Rosenberg and Rosenberg 2008) which considers the holobiont with its hologenome as the unit of selection in evolution. Defining the individual microbe-host conversations in these consortia is a challenging but necessary step on the path to understanding the function of the associations as a whole. Untangling the complex interactions requires simple animal models with only a few specific bacterial species. Such models can function as living test tubes and may be key to dissecting the fundamental principles that underlie all host-microbe interactions. Here we introduce Hydra (Bosch et al. 2009) as such a model with one of the simplest epithelia in the animal kingdom (only two cell layers), with few cell types derived from only three distinct stem cell lineages, and with the availability of a fully sequenced genome and numerous genomic tools including transgenesis. Recognizing the entire system with its inputs, outputs and the interconnections (Fraune and Bosch 2010; Bosch et al. 2009; Fraune and Bosch 2007; Fraune et al. 2009a) we here present observations which may have profound impact on understanding a strictly microbe-dependent life style and its evolutionary consequences.

  13. A Comparison of Self - Esteem of Sports Sciences and Theology Faculty Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şaban ÜNVER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to compare the differences in university students‟ self - esteem and psychosomatic symptoms in terms of some demographic variables. A total of 660 students - 334 female and 326 male - , who were randomly chosen from the students of Sport Sciences and Theology Faculties studying in Ondokuz Mayıs University during the academic year 2013 - 2014, participated in the study voluntarily. The data was collected through a “Demographic Information Form” developed by the researcher and “Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale” which was developed in 1963, checked for validity and reliability in 1965 in USA by Morris Rosenberg and checked for validity and reliability in Turkey by Çuhadaroğlu (1986. The data was statistically analyzed by Kolmogorov Smirnov, Ma nn Whitney U, Kruskal Vallis and Bonferronni correction test. The level of significance was taken as 0.05. The finding that there was no significant difference in the self - esteem levels of Sports Sciences Faculty students is in parallel with the findings o f Yüksekkaya (1995:48 who reported that the variable of gender did not cause a significant difference on self - esteem. In the other result, it was seen a significant difference in sport science faculty students‟ scores when students‟ self - esteem compared t o the level of the class variables but hasn‟t seen in the faculty of theology. However, as noted in studies similar to our study, students' grade level progresses, levels of self - esteem increased. These findings were discussed in the light of literature an d suggestions were made for future studies.

  14. Why item parcels are (almost) never appropriate: two wrongs do not make a right--camouflaging misspecification with item parcels in CFA models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Herbert W; Lüdtke, Oliver; Nagengast, Benjamin; Morin, Alexandre J S; Von Davier, Matthias

    2013-09-01

    The present investigation has a dual focus: to evaluate problematic practice in the use of item parcels and to suggest exploratory structural equation models (ESEMs) as a viable alternative to the traditional independent clusters confirmatory factor analysis (ICM-CFA) model (with no cross-loadings, subsidiary factors, or correlated uniquenesses). Typically, it is ill-advised to (a) use item parcels when ICM-CFA models do not fit the data, and (b) retain ICM-CFA models when items cross-load on multiple factors. However, the combined use of (a) and (b) is widespread and often provides such misleadingly good fit indexes that applied researchers might believe that misspecification problems are resolved--that 2 wrongs really do make a right. Taking a pragmatist perspective, in 4 studies we demonstrate with responses to the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965), Big Five personality factors, and simulated data that even small cross-loadings seriously distort relations among ICM-CFA constructs or even decisions on the number of factors; although obvious in item-level analyses, this is camouflaged by the use of parcels. ESEMs provide a viable alternative to ICM-CFAs and a test for the appropriateness of parcels. The use of parcels with an ICM-CFA model is most justifiable when the fit of both ICM-CFA and ESEM models is acceptable and equally good, and when substantively important interpretations are similar. However, if the ESEM model fits the data better than the ICM-CFA model, then the use of parcels with an ICM-CFA model typically is ill-advised--particularly in studies that are also interested in scale development, latent means, and measurement invariance.

  15. The impact of breast reconstruction on self-esteem and body image in patients with breast cancer [Impacto de la reconstrucción mamaria sobre la autoestima y la imagen corporal en pacientes con cáncer de mama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Martín Rodríguez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The surgical treatment of breast cancer can change patients’ physical ap- pearance and lead to important physical sequelae. Therefore, in order to ascertain whether the level of satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome, as well as with regard to self-esteem or the body image in these patients, dif- fers depending on the kind of surgery undergone (unilateral mastectomy or breast reconstruction, a total of 72 patients were studied. To this end, a Psychosocial Survey, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE Scale, the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-BR23, and the Test for the Measure- ment of Body Satisfaction were used. In general, patients who underwent reconstruction showed a higher degree of aesthetic satisfaction, as well as greater self-esteem and a lower degree of dissatisfaction regarding their body image.El tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de mama puede alterar el aspecto físico de las pacientes y producirles importantes secuelas psicológicas. Así, para comprobar si el nivel de satisfacción con el resultado estético, así como la autoestima o la imagen corporal de estas pacientes difería según el tipo de cirugía realizada (mastectomía unilateral o reconstrucción mamaria, se estudiaron un total de 72 pacientes. Para ello se empleó una Encuesta Psicosocial, la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR, el Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida de la EORTC (QLQ-BR23, y el Test de Medición del Grado de Satisfacción Corporal. En general, las pacientes reconstruidas mostraron una mayor satisfacción estética, así como una mayor autoestima y un menor deterioro de su imagen corporal.

  16. Development of multi-dimensional body image scale for malaysian female adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Yit Siew; Taib, Mohd Nasir Mohd; Shariff, Zalilah Mohd; Khor, Geok Lin

    2008-01-01

    The present study was conducted to develop a Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents. Data were collected among 328 female adolescents from a secondary school in Kuantan district, state of Pahang, Malaysia by using a self-administered questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The self-administered questionnaire comprised multiple measures of body image, Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26; Garner & Garfinkel, 1979) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965). The 152 items from selected multiple measures of body image were examined through factor analysis and for internal consistency. Correlations between Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale and body mass index (BMI), risk of eating disorders and self-esteem were assessed for construct validity. A seven factor model of a 62-item Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale for Malaysian female adolescents with construct validity and good internal consistency was developed. The scale encompasses 1) preoccupation with thinness and dieting behavior, 2) appearance and body satisfaction, 3) body importance, 4) muscle increasing behavior, 5) extreme dieting behavior, 6) appearance importance, and 7) perception of size and shape dimensions. Besides, a multidimensional body image composite score was proposed to screen negative body image risk in female adolescents. The result found body image was correlated with BMI, risk of eating disorders and self-esteem in female adolescents. In short, the present study supports a multi-dimensional concept for body image and provides a new insight into its multi-dimensionality in Malaysian female adolescents with preliminary validity and reliability of the scale. The Multi-dimensional Body Image Scale can be used to identify female adolescents who are potentially at risk of developing body image disturbance through future intervention programs.

  17. “I Like My Body; Therefore, I Like Myself”: How Body Image Influences Self-Esteem—A Cross-Sectional Study on Italian Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Gatti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Puberty is a very important process for adolescents. Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of outcomes due to the transformation of their infant body into an adult one. This cross-sectional study aims to better understand whether body image perception and satisfaction influence self-esteem in a sample of Italian male and female adolescents. A total of 242 adolescents (120 male and 122 female individuals aged 11 to 17 years (M = 13.33; SD = 1.7 completed the study measures. Quantitative and qualitative instruments were used. In particular, adolescents completed self-report questionnaires to assess their pubertal status (Pubertal Developmental Scale, Peterson, Crockett, Richards, & Boxer, 1988, their body esteem (Body Esteem Scale, Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001, their body image (Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire, Rauste-von Wright, 1989, and their self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg,1965. Adolescent were also invited to depict themselves to assess their body representations by completing the Drawing Me test (Confalonieri, 2011. Results from MANOVAs confirm that gender and age are two factors that influence body image perception and satisfaction. SEM analyses show that good self-esteem is reached through good body satisfaction following different trajectories in male and female individuals. Data from adolescents’ body representations obtained via drawings confirm that females are more concerned about their body changes and about the appearance of secondary sexual features than males. This research, stressing the influence of various individual factors and highlighting the psychological distress and dissatisfaction of adolescents, especially females, confirms the importance of studying this topic in order to generate preventive measures to help adolescents through this developmental task.

  18. Blended Infant Massage-Parenting Enhancement Program on Recovering Substance-Abusing Mothers' Parenting Stress, Self-Esteem, Depression, Maternal Attachment, and Mother-Infant Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Luz S; Porter, Brian O; McCoy, Virginia; Bango-Sanchez, Vivian; Kissel, Bonnie; Williams, Marjorie; Nunnewar, Sachin

    2015-12-01

    This study aimed to determine whether a blended Infant Massage-Parenting Enhancement Program (IMPEP) improved maternal psychosocial health outcomes (parenting stress, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, maternal attachment) and maternal-infant interaction among substance-addicted mothers (SAMs) actively engaged in outpatient rehabilitation. Designed as a randomized, three-group controlled trial testing two levels of psychoeducational intervention (IMPEP vs. PEP) and a control group (standard care parenting resources), the study was conducted in two substance abuse centers in southeast Florida on a convenience sample of 138 recovering SAM-infant pairs. IMPEP or PEP classes were held weekly on Weeks 2-5, with data collected at baseline (Week 1), Week 6, and Week 12 via structured interviews, observation (Observation Checklist on Maternal-Infant Interaction), and self-administered questionnaires (Abidin Parenting Stress Index, Beck Depression Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Muller's Maternal Attachment Inventory), analyzed descriptively and inferentially using Kruskall-Wallis analysis of variance and post hoc Wilcoxon rank sum and Mann-Whitney U tests. Both IMPEP and PEP groups had significantly increased Parenting Stress Index scores (decreased parenting stress) and decreased Beck Depression Inventory scores (decreased depressive symptoms) compared to controls at Week 12, whereas there were no clinically meaningful differences among study groups in Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Muller's Maternal Attachment Inventory, or Observation Checklist on Maternal-Infant Interaction scores. Only the IMPEP group showed significant improvements in both psychological and physical (waist-hip ratio) measures of parenting stress over time. The findings suggest that infant massage blended into a structured parenting program has value-added effects in decreasing parenting stress and maternal depressive symptoms, but not on SAM's self-esteem, attachment, or maternal

  19. Is bilateral lower limb lengthening appropriate for achondroplasia?: midterm analysis of the complications and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seung-Ju; Balce, Gracia Cielo; Agashe, Mandar Vikas; Song, Sang-Heon; Song, Hae-Ryong

    2012-02-01

    Use of the Ilizarov technique for limb lengthening in patients with achondroplasia is controversial, with a high risk of complications balancing cosmetic gains. Although several articles have described the complications of this procedure and satisfaction of patients after surgery, it remains unclear whether lengthening improves the quality of life (QOL) of these patients. We asked whether bilateral lower limb lengthenings with deformity correction in patients with achondroplasia would improve QOL and investigated the correlation between complication rate and QOL. We retrospectively reviewed 22 patients (average age, 12.7 years) diagnosed with achondroplasia who underwent bilateral lower limb lengthenings between 2002 and 2005. These patients were compared with 22 patients with achondroplasia for whom limb lengthening was not performed. The two groups were assessed using the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) lower limb, SF-36, and Rosenberg self-esteem scores. Minimum followup was 4.5 years (range, 4.5-6.9 years). Among the lengthening group, the average gain in length was 10.21 ± 2.39 cm for the femur and 9.13 ± 2.12 cm for the tibia. A total of 123 complications occurred in these 88 segments. The surgical group had higher Rosenberg self-esteem scores than the nonsurgical group although there were no differences in the AAOS and the SF-36 scores. The self-esteem scores decreased with the increase in the number of complications. Our data suggest that despite frequent complications, bilateral lower limb lengthening increases patients' QOL. We believe lengthening is a reasonable option in selected patients. Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

  20. Evaluation of Self-esteem in Nursing Teachers at Public and Private Universities Evaluación de la autoestima en docentes de enfermería de universidades pública y privada Avaliação da autoestima em docentes de enfermagem de universidades pública e privada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio de Souza Terra

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-esteem of Nursing faculty in public and private universities and compare the measures presented by two groups of teachers. This descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted with 71 teachers from two universities (public and private from a municipality in the south of the State of Minas Gerais. After pilot testing and validation, A questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. It was found that most teachers had high self-esteem, with no significant difference between the two groups. When the continuous scores on this scale were analyzed, there was a significant difference between universities, showing that the private university teachers had lower self-esteem scores. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale showed high value for coefficient alpha. It was concluded that self-esteem was high predominantly in the studied teachers, but those from the private university had lower scores. These data may help institutions to reflect on the issue and invest in building healthy environments, with the worker/teacher of Nursing as the protagonist, which represents advancement in the knowledge of the subject in the field of Nursing.OBJETIVO: evaluar la autoestima de profesores de Enfermería en universidades pública y privada y comparar las medidas presentadas por los dos grupos de profesores. MÉTODO: Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, correlacional, transversal, cuantitativa, desarrollada con 71 profesores de dos universidades (pública y privada de un municipio en el sur del estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se utilizó un cuestionario, tras prueba piloto y validación, y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. RESULTADO: Se encontró que la mayoría de los profesores tenía autoestima alta, sin diferencia significativa entre los dos grupos. Cuando se analizaron los resultados continuos en esta escala, fue encontrada una diferencia significativa entre las

  1. Trends in underlying causes of death in people with HIV from 1999 to 2011 (D:A:D): a multicohort collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Colette J; Ryom, Lene; Weber, Rainer; Morlat, Philippe; Pradier, Christian; Reiss, Peter; Kowalska, Justyna D; de Wit, Stephane; Law, Matthew; el Sadr, Wafaa; Kirk, Ole; Friis-Moller, Nina; Monforte, Antonella d'Arminio; Phillips, Andrew N; Sabin, Caroline A; Lundgren, Jens D

    2014-07-19

    disease (0.33 [0.20-0.53) death rates still decreased over time. The percentage of all deaths that were AIDS-related (87/256 [34%] in 1999-2000 and 141/627 [22%] in 2009-11) and liver-related (40/256 [16%] in 1999-2000 and 64/627 [10%] in 2009-11) decreased over time, whereas non-AIDS cancers increased (24/256 [9%] in 1999-2000 to 142/627 [23%] in 2009-11). Recent reductions in rates of AIDS-related deaths are linked with continued improvement in CD4 cell count. We hypothesise that the substantially reduced rates of liver disease and cardiovascular disease deaths over time could be explained by improved use of non-HIV-specific preventive interventions. Non-AIDS cancer is now the leading non-AIDS cause and without any evidence of improvement. Oversight Committee for the Evaluation of Metabolic Complications of HAART, with representatives from academia, patient community, US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency and consortium of AbbVie, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Gilead Sciences, ViiV Healthcare, Merck, Pfizer, F Hoffmann-La Roche, and Janssen Pharmaceuticals. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Response by gender of HIV-1-infected subjects treated with abacavir/lamivudine plus atazanavir, with or without ritonavir, for 144 weeks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Squires KE

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Kathleen E Squires,1 Benjamin Young,2,3 Lizette Santiago,4 Robin H Dretler,5 Sharon L Walmsley,6 Henry H Zhao,7 Gary E Pakes,8 Lisa L Ross,8 Mark S Shaefer8 On behalf of the ARIES Study Team 1Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, 2Apex Family Medicine and Research, Denver, CO, 3International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care, Washington DC, USA; 4HOPE Clinic and Wellness Center, San Juan, Puerto Rico; 5ID Specialists of Atlanta, Decatur, GA, USA; 6University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada; 7GlaxoSmithKline, 8ViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA Purpose: The 144-week results of the open-label, multicenter Atazanavir/Ritonavir Induction with Epzicom Study (ARIES were stratified by gender to compare treatment responses.Methods: A total of 369 HIV-infected, antiretroviral-naïve subjects receiving once-daily abacavir/lamivudine + atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r whose HIV-1 RNA was <50 copies/mL by week 30 were randomized 1:1 at week 36 to maintain or discontinue ritonavir for 108 subsequent weeks. Between- and within-treatment gender-related efficacy and safety differences were analyzed.Results: Subjects were 85% male; 64% white; and had a mean age of 39 years, baseline median HIV-1 RNA of 114,815 copies/mL, and median CD4+ cell count of 198 cells/mm3. Gender (ATV [n=189]: 29 females/160 males; ATV/r [n=180]: 25 females/155 males and most other demographics were similar between groups; more females than males were black (65% vs 25% and fewer females had baseline HIV-1 RNA ≥100,000 copies/mL (41% vs 58%. At week 144, no significant differences between genders were observed in proportion maintaining HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL (ATV, 79% vs 77%; ATV/r, 60% vs 75% or <400 copies/mL (ATV, 83% vs 84%; ATV/r, 68% vs 82% (intent-to-treat-exposed: time to loss of virologic response analysis; median CD4+ change from baseline (ATV, +365 vs +300 cells/mm3; ATV/r, +344 vs +301 cells/mm3; proportion with treatment-related grade 2–4

  3. Intensive five-drug antiretroviral therapy regimen versus standard triple-drug therapy during primary HIV-1 infection (OPTIPRIM-ANRS 147): a randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chéret, Antoine; Nembot, Georges; Mélard, Adeline; Lascoux, Caroline; Slama, Laurence; Miailhes, Patrick; Yeni, Patrick; Abel, Sylvie; Avettand-Fenoel, Véronique; Venet, Alain; Chaix, Marie-Laure; Molina, Jean-Michel; Katlama, Christine; Goujard, Cécile; Tamalet, Catherine; Raffi, François; Lafeuillade, Alain; Reynes, Jacques; Ravaux, Isabelle; Hoën, Bruno; Delfraissy, Jean-François; Meyer, Laurence; Rouzioux, Christine

    2015-04-01

    -4 clinical adverse events were reported in seven patients in the standard cART group. Three serious clinical adverse events occurred: two (pancreatitis and lipodystrophy) in the standard cART group, which were regarded as treatment related, and one event (suicide attempt) in the intensive cART group that was unrelated to treatment. After 24 months, cART intensified with raltegravir and maraviroc did not have a greater effect on HIV blood reservoirs than did standard cART. These results should help to design future trials of treatments aiming to decrease the HIV reservoir in patients with primary HIV-1 infection. Inserm-ANRS, Gilead Sciences, Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Merck, and ViiV Laboratories. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Evaluating patient preference and satisfaction for human immunodeficiency virus therapy in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brégigeon-Ronot S

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Sylvie Brégigeon-Ronot,1 Antoine Cheret,2,3 André Cabié,4 Thierry Prazuck,5 Alain Volny-Anne,6 Shehzad Ali,7 Catherine Bottomley,7 Laurent Finkielsztejn,8 Caroline Philippe,9 Jean-Jacques Parienti10–12 1Clinical Immunohematology Department, Marseille Public University Hospital System (AP-HM, Sainte-Marguerite Hospital, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, 2Department of Infectious Diseases, Guy-Chatilliez Hospital, Tourcoing, 3Internal Medicine Department, Paris Public University Hospital System (AP-HP, Bicêtre University Hospital Center, EA 7327, University Paris Descartes, Paris, 4Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM, CIC 1424, Martinique University Hospital Center, Fort De France, Martinique, 5Infectious Diseases Department, Orleans Regional Hospital Center, Orléans, 6Patient, Paris, France; 7ICON, Contract Research Organization, Patient Reported Outcomes Department, Oxford, United Kingdom; 8ViiV Healthcare, Medical affairs, Marly le Roi, 9Qualees, Contract Research Organization, Epidemilogy Department, Paris, 10Infectious Diseases Department, Caen University Hospital Center, 11Biostatistics and Clinical Research Unit, Caen University Hospital Center, 12EA2656 Microbial Adaptation Research Group (GRAM 2.0, Caen Normandy University, Caen, France Objectives: The objectives were 1 to elicit relative preferences for attributes of antiretroviral therapies (ART in people living with HIV (PLWH and 2 to explore satisfaction and adherence with current ART.Patients and methods: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study, consecutively enrolling PLWH receiving an ART. The quantitative part estimated the strength of preference for different attributes using an online discrete choice experiment (DCE. DCE data were analyzed using a mixed logit regression model. Qualitative data were collected through individual interviews. A preliminary coding framework was developed

  5. Baixa autoestima situacional em gestantes: uma análise de acurácia Baja autoestima situacional en gestantes: un análisis de acurácia Situational low self-esteem in pregnant women: an analysis of accuracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce Carolle Bezerra Cavalcante

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Para investigar a acurácia de características definidoras do diagnóstico Baixa autoestima situacional, realizou-se um estudo transversal, com 52 gestantes atendidas num centro de atendimento familiar. Utilizou-se a taxonomia da NANDA-I e a escala de Rosenberg. O diagnóstico esteve presente em 32,7% das gestantes e todas as características apresentaram associação estatística com o diagnóstico, exceto "Relata verbalmente desafio situacional ao seu próprio valor". As características com maior sensibilidade foram "Comportamento indeciso" e "Expressões de desamparo" (82,35%. Já as características "Expressões de sentimento de inutilidade" e "Relata verbalmente desafio situacional atual ao seu próprio valor" apresentaram maior especificidade (94,29%. Tais resultados podem contribuir com a prática de enfermagem, pois a identificação de características acuradas é fundamental para uma inferência segura.Para investigar la acurácia de características definidoras del diagnostico Baja autoestima situacional, desarrollamos un estudio transversal, con 52 gestantes atendidas en un centro familiar. La taxonomía NANDA-I y la escala de Rosenberg fueron utilizadas. El diagnostico estaba presente en 32.7% de las mujeres y todas las características fueron estadísticamente significativas, a menos que "Informa verbalmente desafío situacional a su valor propio". Las características "Comportamiento incierto" y "Expresiones de abandono" tuvieron 82.35% de sensibilidad. Las características "Expresiones de sentimientos de inutilidad" y "Informa verbalmente desafío situacional a su valor propio" fueron las más específicas, con 94.29% de especificidad. Estos resultados pueden contribuir con la práctica de enfermería porque la identificación de características acuradas es esencial para una inferencia diagnostica segura.To investigate the accuracy of defining characteristics of Situational low self-esteem we developed a cross-sectional study

  6. Anxiety, depression, resilience and self-esteem in individuals with cardiovascular diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Isabela Gonzales; Bertolli, Eduarda Dos Santos; Paiva, Luciana; Rossi, Lidia Aparecida; Dantas, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti; Pompeo, Daniele Alcalá

    2016-11-28

    to analyze the relationship between anxiety and depression symptoms, resilience and self-esteem with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics; correlate resilience and self-esteem with age and duration of the disease; check associations between anxiety and depression with measures of resilience and self-esteem among individuals with cardiovascular diseases. correlational study conducted in a large university hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The population was composed of adult inpatients with cardiovascular diseases. A non-probabilistic consecutive sample was composed of 120 patients. Variables of interest were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Resilience Scale, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. anxiety and depression symptoms were present in 32.5% and 17.5% of the patients, respectively, and were associated with the female sex (p = 0.002; p = 0.022). Manifestations of depression were associated with the presence of comorbidities (p = 0.020). More resilient patients did not present depression symptoms (p ansiedade e depressão com as medidas de resiliência e autoestima em indivíduos com doenças cardiovasculares. estudo correlacional, realizado em Hospital de Ensino de grande porte do interior do Estado de São Paulo. A população era constituída por pacientes adultos internados com doenças cardiovasculares. Uma amostra consecutiva e não probabilística foi constituída por 120 pacientes. As variáveis de interesse foram avaliadas pela Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão, Escala de Resiliência e Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão estavam presentes em 32,5% e 17,5% dos pacientes, respectivamente e foram associados ao sexo feminino (p = 0,002; p = 0,022). As manifestações de depressão foram associadas à presença de comorbidades (p = 0,020). Pacientes mais resilientes não apresentaram sintomas depressivos (p ansiedade e depressão. Os homens apresentaram

  7. Family environment and psychological adaptation in adolescents Ambiente familiar e adaptação psicológica em adolescentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Burges Sbicigo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The association between quality of family relationships and psychological adjustment has been understudied in the literature. This study tested the predictive relationship between family environment (measured by the dimensions of cohesion, hierarchy, support and conflict and indicators of psychological adjustment (self-esteem, general self-efficacy and low levels of self-depreciation in adolescents using structural equation modeling. Participants were 656 students aged between 12 and 18 years old from public schools. They answered the Family Climate Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. The results indicated that the family environment (cohesion, support and low conflict was a significant predictor of psychological adaptation. This study concluded that functional family relationships are important for the expression of positive psychological characteristics during adolescence.A associação entre qualidade das relações familiares e adaptação psicológica tem sido subinvestigada na literatura. Esta pesquisa testou a relação preditiva entre ambiente familiar (através das dimensões coesão, hierarquia, apoio e conflito e indicadores de adaptação psicológica (autoestima, autoeficácia geral e baixos níveis de autodepreciação em adolescentes utilizando modelagem de equações estruturais. Participaram 656 estudantes de escolas públicas entre 12 e 18 anos, que responderam ao Inventário do Clima Familiar, à Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg e à Escala de Autoeficácia Geral Percebida. Os resultados indicaram que o ambiente familiar (coesão, apoio e baixos índices de conflito foi um preditor significativo de adaptação psicológica. Conclui-se que relações familiares funcionais são importantes para a expressão de características psicológicas positivas na adolescência.

  8. Depression, self-esteem and sexual function in laryngeal cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yılmaz, M; Yener, M; Yollu, U; Akil, F; Haciyev, Y; Yargic, I; Karaman, E; Cansiz, H

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess sexual function, affective disorders and self-esteem in patients who were surgically treated for laryngeal cancer. Retrospective, blind, cross-sectional study. Single tertiary cancer centre. Seventy four patients who were operated on Istanbul University Cerrahpasa School of Medicine Otorhinolaryngology Department between 2008 and 2012 were classified according to the type of the operation as total laryngectomy (Group 1) and partial laryngectomy (Group 2). Sexual dysfunction, depression and self-esteem were evaluated with The Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), respectively. Average ASEX scores of the Group 1 were (13.98 ± 6.32) and Group 2 were (13.08 ± 4.96) without statistically significant difference (P = 0.537). Mean BDI score of Group 1 was (13.20 ± 10.41) higher than Group 2 (7.76 ± 8.14) and the difference was significant statistically (P = 0.026). Mean RSES scores of Group 1 and Group 2 were 20.68 ± 5.33 and 19.25 ± 4.70, respectively, again without significant difference (P = 0.262). However, when the average scores of each item of Rosenberg Scale were compared, significant difference was found in d4 (2.37 ± 0.78; 1.64 ± 0.99; P = 0.001), d6 (1.22 ± 1.05; 1.84 ± 1.14; P = 0.023), d10 (2.55 ± 2.39; 1.28 ± 1.49; P = 0.018) and d11 (1.35 ± 0.95; 2.00 ± 1.41; P = 0.021). BDI scores were correlated with RSES scores, and ASEX scores were correlated with age. The patients with total laryngectomy seem to have more psychological problems that must be addressed in the postoperative period. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle de Souza Dias

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo tem como objetivo mensurar a auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes atendidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. É do tipo transversal, tendo-se entrevistado 560 gestantes nos meses de maio a novembro de 2006, nos ambulatórios e enfermarias dos hospitais universitários e do centro de atendimento da Prefeitura Municipal. Dentre as gestantes atendidas, 62,9% receberam o diagnóstico de alto-risco. Para avaliação da auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de Rosenberg. Na amostra total a média de pontos na escala foi de 9,2 e o desvio-padrão de 4,6. As variáveis associadas positiva e significativamente com auto-estima foram idade, nível de escolaridade e nível econômico. Já as variáveis percepção de risco à saúde do bebê e número de gestações mostraram-se associadas negativamente à auto-estima. Além disso, as gestantes com condição gestacional de alto-risco têm uma auto-estima mais elevada quando comparadas com as de baixo-risco.This study analyzes self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women treated by the Unified National Health System (SUS in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Using a cross-sectional design, 560 pregnant women were interviewed from May to November 2006. The interviews were held in specific locations like University outpatient clinics and hospital wards and a center run by the city government. A full 62.9% were diagnosed as high-risk pregnancies. Mean self-esteem according to the Rosenberg scale was 9.2 (SD = 4.6. Variables showing a positive, significant association with self-esteem were age, schooling, and income. Perception of risk to the unborn infant's health and parity were both negatively associated with maternal self-esteem. These high-risk pregnant women also showed higher self-esteem than low-risk pregnant women.

  10. AVALIAÇÃO OBJETIVA E SUBJETIVA DA NECESSIDADE DE TRATAMENTO ORTODÔNTICO DO ADOLESCENTE E SEU IMPACTO SOBRE A AUTOESTIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anshika Sharma

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a presença de associação entre a avaliação objetiva e subjetiva da necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico em adolescentes e seu impacto na autoestima. Métodos: Estudo transversal com adolescentes de 10 a 17 anos da cidade de Sri Ganganagar, Rajastão, Índia. Foi utilizado o Índice de Ortodontia de Saúde Dental (IOTN para avaliar de modo objetivo a necessidade de tratamento (DHC e o componente estético desse índice (AC para a avaliação subjetiva. Os estudantes selecionados foram também avaliados quanto a traumatismos dentários, perda dentária e cárie dentária. Aplicou-se a escala de autoestima de Rosenberg para determinar o nível de autoestima dos estudantes. Os dados foram analisados por regressão linear múltipla, testando a associação individual das diferentes variáveis clínicas independentemente da autoestima dos adolescentes, de acordo com o escore da escala de Rosenberg. Resultados: Entre 1.140 adolescentes estudados, a prevalência da necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico avaliado de modo objetivo pelo IOTN-DHC ocorreu em 56,9% dos indivíduos. A avaliação subjetiva do adolescente (IOTN-AC revelou prevalência de necessidade de tratamento de 53,3%. A análise multivariada mostrou que, além de todos os problemas dentários, o componente objetivo (IOTN-DHC, seguido do componente estético subjetivo (IOTN-AC, teve maior impacto na autoestima dos estudantes analisados. Conclusões: A insatisfação com a aparência dental é um forte preditor de baixa autoestima na adolescência.

  11. Escala de Autoeficácia para a Atividade com Sentido: Encontrando sentido no envelhecimento ativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albertina Oliveira

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available // Objetivos: O presente artigo apresenta um estudo que visa aprofundar as qualidades psicométricas da Escala de Autoeficácia para a Atividade com Sentido (EAASentido, através de análises de fidelidade e validade. A escala foi desenvolvida a partir dos constructos teóricos da autoeficácia, da aprendizagem autodirigida e da atividade de pessoas de idade avançada no âmbito do projeto europeu PALADIN, com o objetivo de criar um instrumento apto a avaliar até que ponto os seniores se sentem confiantes para realizarem atividades com sentido, por si próprios.   Método: A investigação é de natureza não experimental e incidiu sobre uma amostra de 503 seniores e idosos das regiões Norte e Centro de Portugal com uma média etária de 71,66 (51 a 96 anos a quem foram aplicadas a EAASentido, a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (Rosenberg, 1989, a Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale (Watson e Clark, 1994, a Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener et al., 1985, o Meaning in Life Questionnaire (Steger, Frazier, Oishi e Kaler, 2006, a Escala de Autoeficácia para a Autodireção na Saúde (Oliveira, 2011 e a Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (Lawton e Brody, 1969.   Resultados: A consistência interna encontrada foi de 0,94 (alfa de Cronbach e a validade de constructo revelou muito bons indicadores. No que respeita à análise de componentes principais, os resultados apontaram para três dimensões e não as cinco inicialmente previstas: atividades de desenvolvimento pessoal e participação social, atividades instrumentais, e atividades espirituais/religiosas. Analisadas as saturações dos itens propôs-se a reformulação da escala, eliminando cinco itens. A consistência interna global dos 15 itens manteve-se elevada (0,92.   Conclusões: Conclui-se que a EAASentido, com 15 itens, é bastante consistente e adequada para avaliar em que medida os seniores têm confiança na sua capacidade para se envolverem em atividades com

  12. Can empathy, other personality attributes, and level of positive social influence in medical school identify potential leaders in medicine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hojat, Mohammadreza; Michalec, Barret; Veloski, J Jon; Tykocinski, Mark L

    2015-04-01

    To test the hypotheses that medical students recognized by peers as the most positive social influencers would score (1) high on measures of engaging personality attributes that are conducive to relationship building (empathy, sociability, activity, self-esteem), and (2) low on disengaging personality attributes that are detrimental to interpersonal relationships (loneliness, neuroticism, aggression-hostility, impulsive sensation seeking). The study included 666 Jefferson Medical College students who graduated in 2011-2013. Students used a peer nomination instrument to identify classmates who had a positive influence on their professional and personal development. At matriculation, these students had completed a survey that included the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire short form and abridged versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and UCLA Loneliness Scale. In multivariate analyses of variance, the method of contrasted groups was used to compare the personality attributes of students nominated most frequently by their peers as positive influencers (top influencers [top 25% in their class distribution], n = 176) with those of students nominated least frequently (bottom influencers [bottom 25%], n = 171). The top influencers scored significantly higher on empathy, sociability, and activity and significantly lower on loneliness compared with the bottom influencers. However, the effect size estimates of the differences were moderate at best. The research hypotheses were partially confirmed. Positive social influencers appear to possess personality attributes conducive to relationship building, which is an important feature of effective leadership. The findings have implications for identifying and training potential leaders in medicine.

  13. Venom yields from several species of colubrid snakes and differential effects of ketamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, R E; Mackessy, S P

    1997-05-01

    The composition of rear-fanged colubrid snake venoms is largely unknown due primarily to the difficulty involved in venom collection. Several different methods have been used to maximize the yield of Duvernoy's secretions. The method proposed by Rosenberg in 1992, which includes the use of ketamine hydrochloride anesthetic and pilocarpine to induce Duvernoy's glands secretion, was used in the present study to collect venom from eight species of colubrids. Protein concentrations, using a dye-binding microassay technique, were determined for the venoms collected. Average protein concentrations ranged from 49.8 to 96.4%. Most yields (dry weight/snake) obtained from specimens in this study were significantly greater than yields previously reported. There was a wide range of effects that occurred due to the ketamine injections; however, all snakes recovered from the effects of the ketamine hydrochloride/pilocarpine with no apparent ill effects. Recommended doses of ketamine hydrochloride have thus been adjusted, depending on previous reactions to the drug. The use of ketamine/pilocarpine in the collection of Duvernoy's secretion has proven to be highly effective in increasing yields. Some caution should be observed when administering ketamine to various species of colubrids, as effects do not necessarily scale to body mass.

  14. Body dissatisfaction, trait anxiety and self-esteem in young men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Czeglédi Edit

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose: Body image dissatisfaction has recently been described as 'normative' for both men and women. Despite intense theoretical interest in a multidimensional concept of male body image, comprehensive models have rarely been assessed empirically. The aim of this study was therefore to examine the relationship between body image and self-esteem among men in a multivariate model. Methods: Participants of this cross-sectional questionnaire study were 239 male university students (mean age: 20.3 years, SD=2.78 years, range: 18-39 years. Measures: self-reported anthropometric data, weightlifting activity, importance of appearance, perceived weight status, satisfaction with body height, Body Shape Questionnaire - Short form, Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results: Structural equation modeling showed that after controlling for age, BMI, weightlifting activity, the importance of appearance, and trait anxiety, only muscle dissatisfaction predicted lower self-esteem (β=-0.11, p=0.033. Neither height dissatisfaction nor weight dissatisfaction showed significant association with selfesteem. Muscle dissatisfaction partially mediated the relationship between trait anxiety and self-esteem (β=-0.04, p=0.049, R2=0.05. The model explained 50.4% of the variance in selfesteem. Conclusions: The results emphasize that trait anxiety might be a background variable in the relationship between males' body dissatisfaction and self-esteem, which should be considered in future studies and in the course of therapy.

  15. Psychological distress in women with breast and gynecological cancer treated with radical surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Campelo, Paloma; Bragado-Álvarez, Carmen; Hernández-Lloreda, Maria José

    2014-04-01

    The objective of this study is to compare psychological distress (body image disturbance,self-esteem, depression, and anxiety) in women with breast or gynecological cancer treated by radical surgery. Additionally, another objective is to analyze the association between psychological distress and sociodemographic characteristics, medical history, and social support to produce a prediction model for the outcome measures. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 100 women who had undergone radical surgery for breast or gynecological cancer. Both groups were divided into the following: younger than 50 years old and 50 years old or older. Body Image Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used. Age had a significant main effect on psychological distress but the type of cancer did not.Younger women showed significantly greater distress than older women (p-valuestherapy side effects. For lower self-esteem, the variables were: being younger, post-adjuvant therapy side effects,and dissatisfaction with social support. And for higher anxiety, the sole variable included was post-adjuvant therapy side effects. Both mastectomy and hysterectomy/oophorectomy cause similar psychological distress in younger women, but mastectomy causes greater distress in older women than hysterectomy/oophorectomy.

  16. Eating behaviors, body image, perfectionism, and self-esteem in a sample of Portuguese girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria D. Teixeira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Eating disorders are an increasingly prevalent health problem among adolescent girls. It is well known that biological, psychosocial, and family-related factors interact in the development of this group of disorders. However, the mechanisms underlying the interaction between these variables are still poorly understood, especially in Portuguese adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, and perfectionism in a sample of Portuguese girls. Method: A community sample of 575 Portuguese girls attending secondary school, answered self-report questionnaires including data on weight, height, and the Portuguese versions of the Contour Figures Rating Scale, the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale, the Children Eating Attitudes Test, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. SPSS version 20.0 for Windows was used for statistical analyses. Results: High scores in the Children Eating Attitudes Test were associated with significantly higher levels of body dissatisfaction (r = 0.339, socially prescribed perfectionism (r = 0.175, self-oriented perfectionism (r = 0.211, and low self-esteem (r = -0.292 (all p < 0.001. Self-oriented perfectionism partially mediated the relation between body dissatisfaction and disordered eating behaviors. Conclusion: In this sample, dysfunctional eating behaviors appeared to correlate strongly with body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem, and perfectionism in girls. These themes should be addressed among female adolescents in the community.

  17. Traducción y validación de la Subjective Vitality Scale en una muestra de practicantes de ejercicio portugueses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Miguel Moutão

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de vitalidad subjetiva se refiere a la sensación de estar “vivo” y “alerta”; es decir, de tener energía disponible para sí mismo, reflejando una experiencia psicológica de entusiasmo e inspiración. El propósito de esta investigación fue traducir y analizar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión Portuguesa de la Subjective Vitality Scale, en una muestra de 935 practicantes de ejercicio, ambos hombres (344 y mujeres (591. Los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio confirmaron la estructura unifactorial de la escala (S-B χ2 = 34.93; p = .000; χ2/gl = 3.88; NNFI = .961; CFI = .970; RMSEA = .074 con 90% CI = .049 – .101. Asimismo, se obtuvieron resultados que evidenciaron validez concurrente con las versiones portuguesas de la Rosenberg Self- Esteem Scale y de la Satisfaction with Life Scale. Del mismo modo, se documentan evidencias de fiabilidad, analizada como consistencia interna y estabilidad temporal. Los resultados apoyan preliminarmente el uso de la versión portuguesa de la Subjective Vitality Scale en el contexto del ejercicio.

  18. Life satisfaction, distress, and resiliency across the life span of women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Manfred E; Glaesmer, Heide; Decker, Oliver; Fischbeck, Sabine; Brähler, Elmar

    2009-01-01

    This study aimed to determine (1) the relationship between life satisfaction, mental disorders, and aging in the female community and (2) to identify the impact of vulnerability factors, personal (resilience, self-esteem), and social resources on life satisfaction and distress. A stratified random sample of the German female population (N = 2,540) was investigated using standardized questionnaires of life satisfaction (Questions on Life Satisfaction), depression, anxiety (Patient Health Questionnaire), resilience scale (RS-11), and self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale). When participants were divided into six age groups (18-30, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, and >70 y), we found lower life satisfaction, satisfaction with partnership, and sexuality beyond the age of 50 years. Satisfaction with health was decreased already at early adulthood. Although the importance of partnership/sexuality was reduced around midlife, the importance of health increased. Depression was highest in the oldest group, whereas anxiety remained fairly stable across the cohorts. Life satisfaction was strongly associated with resilience, a good household income, the presence of a partnership, absence of anxiety and depression, lack of unemployment, positive self-esteem, religious affiliation, and-least-age. Personal and social resources and the absence of anxiety and depression are of crucial importance for the maintenance of life satisfaction in aging women.

  19. Girls with anorexia nervosa as young adults: personality, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halvorsen, Inger; Heyerdahl, Sonja

    2006-05-01

    The current study evaluated personality, self-esteem, and life satisfaction in former patients with different outcomes of childhood and adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa (AN). Forty-four female patients with AN were assessed 8.5 +/- SD 3.4 years after treatment start with a clinical interview and questionnaires including the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Self-esteem and general life satisfaction in former patients were compared with women in a large population study. Former AN patients with no eating disorder and normal eating attitudes at follow-up (n = 21 [48%]) had similar TCI profiles and self-esteem as samples from normal populations, whereas participants with poorer outcome had significantly lower TCI Self Directedness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction scores. Life satisfaction was reduced in all outcome groups and was strongly associated with self-esteem. Personality, self-esteem, and life satisfaction varied significantly between outcome groups. The results indicate that young patients with AN with a good outcome may have normal personality and self-esteem features in young adulthood. 2006 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. [Measurement of unemployment-related psychological stress: Validation of the Unemployment Stress (USS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabóné Kapuvári, Virág; Martos, Tamás

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays the theme of unemployment and the given answers of it are up to date questions in psychology. In spite of this fact, the psychological methods measuring this phenomenon are often missing. That is why the Unemployment Stress Scale (USS) is presented in this article. The aim of our study is to develop a scale called USS and test it's validity and reliability. There were 287 adult unemployed persons asked in this study. Besides the USS we used the Beck Depression Scale, the Spielberger Anxiety Scale (TRAIT), the Sense of Coherence Scale (Hungarian version) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. According to our results, USS has showed an excellent criterion and construct validity. A useful scale has been formed according to test-retest results. (Cronbach-alfa: 0.88 and 0.86 according to the samples). Moreover our scale has a strong correlation with the Spielberger Anxiety Scale (TRAIT) and the Beck Depression Scale. These chracteristics of the new scale proved that we fond a factor, independent from the self esteem and the sense of coherence, which represents the stress level in the situation of unemployment. This scale is a professional construction to measure stress contributed to unemployment. The USS can be a useful scale in clinical practice because after measuring with this scale we can protect the personality of the unemployed by representing the actual unemployment stress level. That is why professionals can help earlier in a crisis like this.