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Sample records for vana windowsiga arvutid

  1. Prantsuse kunstnikud asustasid vana tehase / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnike (Delphine Reist, Laurent Faulon, Sebastien Perroud) ja viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky Tallinnas valminud installatsiooninäitus "Neli laulu Siivile" vanas Kalinini tehasehoones 7.-12. juunini

  2. Kultuuritehas vallutab vana katlamaja / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2005-01-01

    Kultuuritehase projektijuht Madis Mikkor Tallinna Põhja puiesteel asuva vana elektrijaama tööstusmiljööst ja hoonetest, kuhu kolib kultuuritehas Polymer. Katlamaja plaanitakse avada augustis mitmepäevase festivaliga

  3. Raimo Pullati XX "Vana Tallinn" / Tõnis Liibek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liibek, Tõnis

    2009-01-01

    Ilmus professor Raimo Pullati poolt välja antava linnaajalugu ja -kultuuri tutvustava sarja "Vana Tallinn" XX köide. Tšehhi Teaduste Akadeemia raamatukogus toimus Raimo Pullati poolt välja antud entsüklopeedilise suurteose "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica" esitlus

  4. Vana Baskini teater mängib suvelavastust / Andris Tammela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammela, Andris

    2009-01-01

    Pärnu Kalevi staadionil ja Kilingi-Nõmme suveaias etenduvast Vana Baskini teatri suvekomöödiast "Hullem kui Hollywoodis". John Patricku näidendi lavastas Ivo Eensalu ja kujundas Kustav-Agu Püüman. Peaosas Helgi Sallo

  5. Õigus Vanas Testamendis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Haide Rimmel ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Peeter Järvelaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rimmel, Haide

    1996-01-01

    Vana Testamendi õiguse üldiseloomustus (kasuistlikud normid, apodiktilised normid), Vana Testamendi õiguse allikad (lepinguraamat, deuteronoomium, Pühadusseadus ja Preestrikoodeks, muud allikad), Vana Testamendi õiguse subjektid (täieõiguslikud kodanikud, võõramaalased, orjad), Vana Testamendi õigusharud (kriminaalõigus, perekonnaõigus, pärimisõigus, võlaõigus, asjaõigus), õigusemõistmine Vanas Testamendis

  6. Genes homologous to glycopeptide resistance vanA are widespread in soil microbial communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guardabassi, L.; Agersø, Yvonne

    2006-01-01

    -Ala : D-Ala ligase genes unrelated to vanA. In order to enhance detection of vanA-homologous genes, a third PCR step was added using primers targeting vanA in soil Paenibacillus. Sequencing of 25 clones obtained by this method allowed recovery of 23 novel sequences having 86-100% identity with van...

  7. Vana-Laitsna valla eestlased ja Läti riik / Terje Lõbu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõbu, Terje

    2004-01-01

    Vana-Laitsna valla riiklikust kuuluvusest Vabadussõja ajal ja järel. Vana-Laitsna eestlaste haidusoludest. 1934. aastal sõlmitud Eesti-Läti koolikonventsioonist. Eestilätlaste ja lätieestlaste haridusolude võrdlus 1930ndatel aastatel. Eesti koolide väljasuretamisest Heinastes, Hoomulis, Ipilus ja Läti-Valgas

  8. Johani ja Anna-Liisa vana valge / Agneta Land-Koskinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land-Koskinen, Agneta

    2007-01-01

    Renoveeritud vanas majas asuv korter, kus seinad on valged, mis on antiiksetele esemetele ja huvitavatele disainileidudele parimaks taustaks. Kultusobjektideks valgustid, nende hulgas ka Verner Pantoni ja Louis Poulseni loomingut

  9. Sisaliku jäljed piiblitõlkes : lõunaeestikeelse Vana Testamendi saatusest / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    Uuritakse Kambja õpetaja Heinrich Anreas Erxlebeni lõunaeestikeelse Vana Testamendi tõlget (1796) ning leitakse, et sõnastuslikult langeb see suures osas kokku sada aastat varasema Andreas ja Adrian Virginiuse põhjaeestikeelse käsikirjaga

  10. Muinas-Hellase ja Vana-Egiptuse kultuuriseosed Gustav Teichmülleri nägemuses / Sergei Stadnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnikov, Sergei, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Vana-Kreeka filosoofia ja vana-egiptuse teoloogia seotusest Teichmülleri käsitluses, mis oli erandlik ja omanäoline, silmas pidades 19. saj. 70ndate aastate ideoloogilist situatsiooni saksa humnitaarteaduses. Herakleitosest kui ida-lääne kommunikatsiooni esindajast.

  11. Impact of VANA academic-practice partnership participation on educational mobility decisions and teaching aspirations of nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyte-Lake, Tamar; Bowman, Candice; Needleman, Jack; Dougherty, Mary; Scarrott, Diana N; Dobalian, Aram

    2014-01-01

    This study reports findings assessing the influence of the Department of Veterans Affairs Nursing Academy (VANA) academic-practice partnership program on nurse decision making regarding educational mobility and teaching aspirations. We conducted national surveys with nursing faculty from VANA partnership sites in 2011 (N = 133) and 2012 (N = 74). Faculty who spent more hours per week in the VANA role and who reported an increase in satisfaction with their participation in VANA were more likely to have been influenced by their VANA experience in choosing to pursue a higher degree (p academic-practice partnerships grows and their list of benefits is further enumerated, motivating nurses to pursue both higher degrees and faculty roles should be listed among them based on results reported here. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Emergence of vanA Enterococcus faecium in Denmark, 2005-15

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammerum, Anette M; Baig, Sharmin; Kamel, Yasmin

    2017-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the changing epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis in clinical samples in Denmark 2005-15 according to species and van type, and, furthermore, to investigate the genetic relatedness of the clinical E. faecium isolates from 2015...... were detected along with 1 vanA E. faecalis and 1 vanB E. faecalis . cgMLST subdivided the 368 vanA E. faecium isolates into 33 cluster types (CTs), whereas the vanB E. faecium isolate belonged to a different CT. ST203-CT859 was most prevalent (51%), followed by ST80-CT14 (22%), ST117-CT24 (6%), ST80...

  13. Rotermanni vana ja uus jahuladu = The Rotermann Old and New Flour Storage / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna Rotermanni 8 asuvast Rotermanni uuest ja vanast jahulaost, mis pälvis 2009. a. EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali arhitektuuripreemia linnaruumi tunnetava, uut ja vana tervikuks siduva arhitektuuri eest. Arhitektid: Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi, Yoko Azukawa (HG Arhitektuur). Büroode üldkujundus: Tarmo Piirmets, Raul Tiitus (OÜ Pink). Žürii liige Kalle Komissarov žürii hinnangust hoonele

  14. Pilistvere vana rehe all päästetakse Venemaad / Krista Valdvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valdvee, Krista, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietendunud Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse tõi välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  15. Grammatiseerumise ja leksikaliseerumise suhtest eesti vana kirjakeele modaalpartiklite näitel / Külli Habicht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Külli, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Uuritakse grammatiseerumist ja leksikaliseerumist ja püütakse jõuda jäeldusele, kas ainult nendega on võimalik hõlmata igasuguste keeleüksuste kujunemise protsessi. Näidetena kasutatakse vana kirjakeele modaalpartikleid

  16. Järgsilpide "o" ja "u" varieerumine ning traditsioonid vanas kirjakeeles / Külli Prillop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prillop, Külli

    2009-01-01

    Kirjeldatakse, mida võib vanade tekstide põhjal oletada "o" ja "u" vaheldumisest ja selle põhjustest, kasutades eelkõige Georg Mülleri jutluste tekste. Selgitatakse ka probleeme vana kirjakeele tekstide põhjal keelemuutuste kohta järelduste tegemisel

  17. Molecular analysis of diverse elements mediating VanA glycopeptide resistance in enterococci

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palepou, M.F.I.; Adebiyi, A.M.A.; Tremlett, C.H.

    1998-01-01

    Differences were examined among 24 distinct elements mediating VanA-type glycopeptide resistance in enterococci isolated from hospital patients and non-human sources in the UK. The methods used included long-PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism (L-PCR RFLP) analysis and DNA hybridization...... characterized by the presence of an IS1216V/IS3-like/orf1 complex and a point mutation in vanX, both of which were absent from the other 23 groups of VanA elements. This finding is consistent with the dissemination of a stable resistance element. We conclude that L-PCR RFLP analysis, combined with DNA...

  18. Sõnaliik kui rakenduslik probleem : sõnaliikide märgendamine vana kirjakeele korpuses / Külli Habicht, Pille Penjam, Külli Prillop

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Külli, 1964-

    2011-01-01

    Käsitletakse sõnade liigitamisega seotud probleeme eesti vana kirjakeele korpuse märgendamise praktikas. Tutvustatakse ka kasutusel olevat märgendussüsteemi ning raskusi selle tegelikul rakendamisel

  19. VanA and VanB Positive Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Among Clinical Isolates in Shiraz, South of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sareh Saadat

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical samples in Shiraz hospitals. Methods: From March to December 2012, 100 S. aureus isolates (mainly from wound and blood were collected from three hospitals in Shiraz, south of Iran. After identification of Staphylococcus aureus by biochemical, microbiological and molecular methods, antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion test for 13 different antibiotics. Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates were determined by vancomycin agar screening test and PCR for vancomycin resistant genes (vanA and vanB. Results: The lowest and highest resistance was seen for quinupristin-dalfopristin (n=1 and ampicillin (n=95, respectively. Vancomycin agar screening test showed that 37 isolates can grow on these media. Further study by PCR also detected vanA and/or vanB genes in all of these strains. Also, 19 isolates showed either vanA or vanB but were susceptible according to vancomycin agar screening test. In total, vanA and vanB resistant genes were detected in 34% and 37% of clinical isolates, respectively. Conclusion: The results showed that the frequency of vancomycin resistance genes (vanA, vanB is very high in Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from patients in south of Iran. Thus, urgent interventions are needed to keep the emergence and transmission of these isolates to a minimum.

  20. The role of the Staphylococcal VraTSR regulatory system on vancomycin resistance and vanA operon expression in vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, Nadia K; Yin, Shaohui; Boyle-Vavra, Susan

    2014-01-01

    Vancomycin is often the preferred treatment for invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. With the increase in incidence of MRSA infections, the use of vancomycin has increased and, as feared, isolates of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) have emerged. VRSA isolates have acquired the entercoccal vanA operon contained on transposon (Tn) 1546 residing on a conjugal plasmid. VraTSR is a vancomycin and β-lactam-inducible three-component regulatory system encoded on the S. aureus chromosome that modulates the cell-wall stress response to cell-wall acting antibiotics. Mutation in vraTSR has shown to increase susceptibility to β-lactams and vancomycin in clinical VISA strains and in recombinant strain COLVA-200 which expresses a plasmid borne vanA operon. To date, the role of VraTSR in vanA operon expression in VRSA has not been demonstrated. In this study, the vraTSR operon was deleted from the first clinical VRSA strain (VRS1) by transduction with phage harvested from a USA300 vraTSR operon deletion strain. The absence of the vraTSR operon and presence of the vanA operon were confirmed in the transductant (VRS1Δvra) by PCR. Broth MIC determinations, demonstrated that the vancomycin MIC of VRS1Δvra (64 µg/ml) decreased by 16-fold compared with VRS1 (1024 µg/ml). The effect of the vraTSR operon deletion on expression of the van gene cluster (vanA, vanX and vanR) was examined by quantitative RT-PCR using relative quantification. A 2-5-fold decreased expression of the vanA operon genes occured in strain VRS1Δvra at stationary growth phase compared with the parent strain, VRS1. Both vancomycin resistance and vancomycin-induced expression of vanA and vanR were restored by complementation with a plasmid harboring the vraTSR operon. These findings demonstrate that expression in S. aureus of the horizontally acquired enterococcal vanA gene cluster is enhanced by the staphylococcal three-component cell wall stress regulatory

  1. Mis juhtus Puhja kiriklas? : ühe vana tõlke algust otsides / Annika Kilgi, Inge Käsi, Aivar Põldvee ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Otsitakse vastust küsimusele, kumb keel oli isa-poja Andreas ja Adrian Virginiuse tõlgitud Vana Testamendi sihtkeel, kas lõunaeesti või põhjaeesti keel ning kas Puhjas toimus midagi tõlketalgute taolist. Artikkel fikseerib uurimise hetkeseisu

  2. Arheozooloogilised leiud inimese elutegevuse uurimise allikana : Vana-Pärnu jäätmeauk 17. sajandist / Ingrid Õunapuu, Liina Maldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunapuu, Ingrid

    2010-01-01

    Vana-Pärnu muinsuskaitsealal avastatud 17. sajandi jäätmeaugus sisaldunud arheozooloogilisest materjalist. Leitud luude määrangu ja analüüsi põhjal saab teha järeldusi selle ajastu inimtegevuse ja koduloomade kohta

  3. Members of the genera Paenibacillus and Rhodococcus harbor genes homologous to enterococcal glycopeptide resistance genes vanA and vanB

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guardabassi, L.; Christensen, H.; Hasman, Henrik

    2004-01-01

    Genes homologous to enterococcal glycopeptide resistance genes vanA and vanB were found in glycopeptide-resistant Paenibacillus and Rhodococcus strains from soil. The putative D-Ala:D-Lac ligase genes in Paenibacillus thiaminolyticus PT-2B1 and Paenibacillus apiarius PA-B2B were closely related...

  4. Colonización por cepas de Enterococcus spp. VanA en pacientes del hospital universitario Manuel Núñez Tovar, Maturín, Venezuela | Colonization by strains of Enterococcus spp. VanA in patients of the university hospital Manuel Núñez Tovar, Maturín, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Abadia-Patiño

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available En el Hospital Universitario Manuel Núñez Tovar de Maturín (HUMNT, estado Monagas, se aislaron tres cepas de Enterococcus faecium VanA en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI y una cepa de E. faecalis VanA en la unidad de hemodiálisis (HD. La prevalencia de colonización de Enterococcus vancomicino resistentes (EVR fenotipo VanA durante el período de estudio fue de 3% en los pacientes de HD y 9% en los de UCI. Los factores de riesgo para los pacientes fueron el uso indiscriminado de antibióticos como vancomicina y cefalosporinas de tercera generación y el tiempo de permanencia en UCI. Existe alto riesgo de infecciones endógenas por cepas EVR en el HUMNT.

  5. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci with vanA gene in treated municipal wastewater and their association with human hospital strains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oravcova, Veronika; Mihalcin, Matus; Zakova, Jana; Pospisilova, Lucie; Masarikova, Martina; Literak, Ivan

    2017-12-31

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are pathogens of increasing medical importance. In Brno, Czech Republic, we collected 37 samples from the effluent of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), 21 surface swabs from hospital settings, and 59 fecal samples from hospitalized patients and staff. Moreover, we collected 284 gull cloacal swabs from the colony situated 35km downstream the WWTP. Samples were cultured selectively. Enterococci were identified using MALDI-TOF MS, phenotypically tested for susceptibility to antibiotics, and by PCR for occurrence of resistance and virulence genes. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) were used to examine genotypic diversity. VRE carrying the vanA gene were found in 32 (86%, n=37) wastewater samples, from which we obtained 49 isolates: Enterococcus faecium (44) and Enterococcus gallinarum (2), Enterococcus casseliflavus (2), and Enterococcus raffinosus (1). From 33 (69%) of 48 inpatient stool samples, we obtained 39 vanA-carrying VRE, which belonged to E. faecium (33 isolates), Enterococcus faecalis (4), and Enterococcus raffinosus (2). Nearly one-third of the samples from hospital surfaces contained VRE with the vanA gene. VRE were not detected among gulls. Sixty-seven (84%, n=80) E. faecium isolates carried virulence genes hyl and/or esp. Virulence of E. faecalis was encoded by gelE, asa1, and cylA genes. A majority of the E. faecium isolates belonged to the clinically important sequence types ST17 (WWTP: 10 isolates; hospital: 4 isolates), ST18 (9;8), and ST78 (5;0). The remaining isolates belonged to ST555 (2;0), ST262 (1;6), ST273 (3;0), ST275 (1;0), ST549 (2;0), ST19 (0;1), ST323 (3;0), and ST884 (7;17). Clinically important enterococci carrying the vanA gene were almost continually detectable in the effluent of the WWTP, indicating insufficient removal of VRE during wastewater treatment and permanent shedding of these antibiotic resistant pathogens into the environment from this

  6. Kuidas meie kasutatud arvutid Aafrikasse jõuavad / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Ettevõttest 3 Step IT, mis Soomes, Eestis, Suurbritannias, Rootsis, Taanis, Lätis, Norras ja Leedus klientidele arvutiparki rendib, paigaldab ja hoolitseb seadmete elutsükli eest. Reportaaž 3 Step IT Grupi ladustamisüksusest Vantaas. Vt. samas: Käive kasvab hüppeliselt

  7. Relentless spread and adaptation of non-typeable vanA vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium: a genome-wide investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hal, Sebastiaan J; Beukers, Alicia G; Timms, Verlaine J; Ellem, Justin A; Taylor, Peter; Maley, Michael W; Newton, Peter J; Ferguson, John K; Lee, Andie; Chen, Sharon C-A; Sintchenko, Vitali

    2018-03-16

    VRE are prevalent among patients in ICUs. Non-typeable vanA VRE, due to loss of one of the genes used for MLST (pstS), have increased in Australia, suggestive of a new, hospital-acquired lineage. To understand the significance of this lineage and its transmission using WGS of strains isolated from patients in ICUs across New South Wales, Australia. A total of 240 Enterococcus faecium isolates collected between February and May 2016, and identified by conventional PCR as vanA positive, were sequenced. Isolates originated from 12 ICUs in New South Wales, grouped according to six local health districts, and represented both rectal screening swab (n = 229) and clinical (n = 11) isolates. ST analysis revealed the absence of the pstS gene in 84.2% (202 of 240) of vanA isolates. Two different non-typeable STs were present based on different allelic backbone patterns. Loss of the pstS gene appeared to be the result of multiple recombination events across this region. Evidence for pstS-negative lineage spread across all six local health districts was observed suggestive of inter-hospital transmission. In addition, multiple outbreaks were detected, some of which were protracted and lasted for the duration of the study. These findings confirmed the evolution, emergence and dissemination of non-typeable vanA E. faecium. This study has highlighted the utility of WGS when attempting to describe accurately the hospital-based pathogen epidemiology, which in turn will continue to inform optimal infection control measures necessary to halt the spread of this important nosocomial organism.

  8. Molecular Analysis of VanA Outbreak of Enterococcus faecium in Two Warsaw Hospitals: The Importance of Mobile Genetic Elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Wardal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium represents a growing threat in hospital-acquired infections. Two outbreaks of this pathogen from neighboring Warsaw hospitals have been analyzed in this study. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE of SmaI-digested DNA, multilocus VNTR analysis (MLVA, and multilocus sequence typing (MLST revealed a clonal variability of isolates which belonged to three main lineages (17, 18, and 78 of nosocomial E. faecium. All isolates were multidrug resistant and carried several resistance, virulence, and plasmid-specific genes. Almost all isolates shared the same variant of Tn1546 transposon, characterized by the presence of insertion sequence ISEf1 and a point mutation in the vanA gene. In the majority of cases, this transposon was located on 50 kb or 100 kb pRUM-related plasmids, which lacked, however, the axe-txe toxin-antitoxin genes. 100 kb plasmid was easily transferred by conjugation and was found in various clonal backgrounds in both institutions, while 50 kb plasmid was not transferable and occurred solely in MT159/ST78 strains that disseminated clonally in one institution. Although molecular data indicated the spread of VRE between two institutions or a potential common source of this alert pathogen, epidemiological investigations did not reveal the possible route by which outbreak strains disseminated.

  9. Molecular Analysis of VanA Outbreak of Enterococcus faecium in Two Warsaw Hospitals: The Importance of Mobile Genetic Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardal, Ewa; Markowska, Katarzyna; Żabicka, Dorota; Wróblewska, Marta; Giemza, Małgorzata; Mik, Ewa; Połowniak-Pracka, Hanna; Woźniak, Agnieszka; Hryniewicz, Waleria; Sadowy, Ewa

    2014-01-01

    Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium represents a growing threat in hospital-acquired infections. Two outbreaks of this pathogen from neighboring Warsaw hospitals have been analyzed in this study. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of SmaI-digested DNA, multilocus VNTR analysis (MLVA), and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed a clonal variability of isolates which belonged to three main lineages (17, 18, and 78) of nosocomial E. faecium. All isolates were multidrug resistant and carried several resistance, virulence, and plasmid-specific genes. Almost all isolates shared the same variant of Tn1546 transposon, characterized by the presence of insertion sequence ISEf1 and a point mutation in the vanA gene. In the majority of cases, this transposon was located on 50 kb or 100 kb pRUM-related plasmids, which lacked, however, the axe-txe toxin-antitoxin genes. 100 kb plasmid was easily transferred by conjugation and was found in various clonal backgrounds in both institutions, while 50 kb plasmid was not transferable and occurred solely in MT159/ST78 strains that disseminated clonally in one institution. Although molecular data indicated the spread of VRE between two institutions or a potential common source of this alert pathogen, epidemiological investigations did not reveal the possible route by which outbreak strains disseminated. PMID:25003118

  10. Metal. Uut ja vana

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    22. septembril esinesid Von Krahli Teatris neli eesti kolemuusikabändi. Heliplaatidest Forgotten Sunrise "a.Nimal f.Lesh - looma liha", Scavenger "Goattrend", Bestia "Demo", Celestial Crown "Invasion of Suicidal Angels"

  11. Uus pianistide põlvkond : seitsmes Eesti pianistide konkurss / Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikas...[jt.] ; küsitlenud Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu noorte pianistide konkursi žürii liikmete Arbo Valdma, Lauri Väinmaa, Toomas Vana, Age Juurikase ja Leelo Kõlariga Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia ning Eesti Klaveriõpetajate Ühingu korraldatud VII Eesti pianistide konkursist. Konkursi võitjaks tuli Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia üliõpilane Maksim Štšura. Auhinnalistele kohtadele tulid veel Ruslan Strogij, Margus Riimaa, Andre Hinn, Jaan Ots, Johan Randvere ja Aleksandra Kamenskaja

  12. Defining the Role of the Environment in the Emergence and Persistence of vanA Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus (VRE) in an Intensive Care Unit: A Molecular Epidemiological Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Andie S; White, Elizabeth; Monahan, Leigh G; Jensen, Slade O; Chan, Raymond; van Hal, Sebastiaan J

    2018-06-01

    OBJECTIVETo describe the transmission dynamics of the emergence and persistence of vanA vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) in an intensive care unit (ICU) using whole-genome sequencing of patient and environmental isolates.DESIGNRetrospective cohort study.SETTINGICU in a tertiary referral center.PARTICIPANTSPatients admitted to the ICU over an 11-month period.METHODS VanA VRE isolated from patients (n=31) were sequenced using the Illumina MiSeq platform. Environmental samples from bed spaces, equipment, and waste rooms were collected. All vanA VRE-positive environmental samples (n=14) were also sequenced. Data were collected regarding patient ward and bed movements.RESULTSThe 31 patient vanA VRE isolates were from screening (n=19), urine (n=4), bloodstream (n=3), skin/wound (n=3), and intra-abdominal (n=2) sources. The phylogeny from sequencing data confirmed several VRE clusters, with 1 group accounting for 38 of 45 isolates (84%). Within this cluster, cross-transmission was extensive and complex across the ICU. Directionality indicated that colonized patients contaminated environmental sites. Similarly, environmental sources not only led to patient colonization but also to infection. Notably, shared equipment acted as a conduit for transmission between different ICU areas. Infected patients, however, were not linked to further VRE transmission.CONCLUSIONSGenomic sequencing confirmed a predominantly clonal outbreak of VRE with complex transmission dynamics. The environmental reservoir, particularly from shared equipment, played a key role in ongoing VRE spread. This study provides evidence to support the use of multifaceted strategies, with an emphasis on measures to reduce bacterial burden in the environment, for successful VRE control.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;39:668-675.

  13. Dispersion of the vancomycin resistance genes vanA and vanC of Enterococcus isolated from Nile tilapia on retail sale: A public health hazard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamelia Mahmoud Osman

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Although normally regarded harmless commensals, enterococci may cause a range of different infections in humans, including urinary tract infections, sepsis, and endocarditis. The acquisition of vancomycin resistance by enterococci (VRE has seriously affected the treatment and infection control of these organisms. VRE are frequently resistant to all antibiotics that are effective treatment for vancomycin-susceptible enterococci, which leaves clinicians treating VRE infections with limited therapeutic options. With VRE emerging as a global threat to public health, we aimed to isolate, identify enterococci species from tilapia and their resistance to van-mediated glycopeptide (vanA and vanC as well as the presence of enterococcal surface protein (esp using conventional and molecular methods. The cultural, biochemical (Vitek 2 system and PCR results revealed eight Enterococcus isolates from the 80 fish samples (10% to be further identified as E. faecalis (6/8, 75% and E gallinarum (2/8, 25%. Intraperitoneal injection of healthy Nile tilapia with the eight Enterococcus isolates caused significant morbidity (70% within 3 days and 100% mortality at 6 days post injection with general signs of septicemia. All of the eight Enterococcus isolates were found to be resistant to tetracycline. The 6/6 E. faecalis isolates were susceptible for penicillin, nitrofurantoin, gentamicin, and streptomycin. On the other hand 5/6 were susceptible for ampicillin, vancomycin, chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin. The two isolates of E. gallinarum were sensitive to rifampicin and ciprofloxacin and resistant to vancomycin, chloramphenicol and erythromycin. Molecular characterization proved that they all presented the prototypic vanC element. On the whole, one of the two vancomycin resistance gene was present in 3/8 of the enterococci isolates, while the esp virulence gene was present in 1/8 of the enterococci isolates. The results in this study emphasise the potential role

  14. Vana Maailma tegevuskunstimaastikel / Al Paldrok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paldrok, Al, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise tegevuskunstifestivali "Diverse Universe" toimumise kohad ja ajad Euroopas 2011. aastal. Euroopa tegevuskunstist Pariisis toimunud tänavafestivali "Linnakeskkonna kaos" ("Urban Disorder"), Poolas Piotrków Trybunalski nimelises linnas toimunud festivali (kuraator Arti Grabowski, Non Grata esines aktsiooniga "Force majeure") ja Berliinis toimunud festivali "Nälg" ("Hunger") näitel

  15. Vana õpetaja meenutab / Valter Voole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voole, Valter

    2000-01-01

    Meenutusi koolielust pärast Teist maailmasõda. Autorid: Ilmar Oja, Ella Laaneorg, Laine Mägi, Liia Toom, Volli Mäeumbaed, Milvi Mett, Aune Ork, Aavo Lind, Rein Väljas, Toivo Pruul, Leo Tikerpuu, Lembit Sauer, Erna Kivi (Raavel), Salme Raave-Sõeruer, Ervin Norgan, Peeter Luiga, Maimo Hõbessaar, Heino Topp, Eha Remmelkoor (Türnpuu), Hermi Vain, Peeter Laredei. Meenutatakse ka koolinõunik Ernst Ennot ; Ülevaade Käinast ja president Pätsi külaskäigust. Algus: 1999, 20. nov. Järgneb 11.,18.,22.,25.,29. jaan., 1;5;8;10;15;19;26;29. veebr., 2;4;7;11;21;25. märts, 1;4;8;11;18;25;29. apr., 4;6;9;11;13;16;20;23;27;30. mai, 3;6;10;13;17;20;27. juuni, 1;4;8. juuli, 12. aug

  16. Vana kinematograafia kaitseks / Peeter Riba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riba, Peeter, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Raoul Ruiz'i 1997.a. ilmunud raamatu "Filmikunsti poeetika" ("Poétique du cinéma") arvustus. Lisa : Artikkel Raoul Ruiz'i (1941-2011) kohta Ephraim Katzi entsüklopeediast "The Film Encyclopedia": Harper Perennial, 1998

  17. Vana arm ei roosteta / Maarja Vaino

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaino, Maarja

    2005-01-01

    A. H. Tammsaare romaani "Ma armastasin sakslast" ilmumisest möödub 70 aastat. Tammsaare muuseum korraldab selle tähistamiseks 7. novembril koos Tallinna Ülikooli eesti kirjanduse õppetooliga konverentsi. Vt. ka sõnum lk. 19

  18. Kunstnikud rehabiliteerivad vana naise / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline vananemiseteemaline kunstinäitus "Homo grandis natu" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Reet Varblane. Osalejate loetelu. 21. aprillil avatakse Katarzyna Kozyra videoinstallatsioon "Naiste saun". Näitusega haakuvad seminar ja loengusari

  19. Vana praavusk Roth 225 / Milvi Hirvlaane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hirvlaane, Milvi, 1936-

    2008-01-01

    Baltisaksa päritolu eesti vaimulikust, koolitegelasest ja luuletajast Johann Philipp von Rothist, tema osast Eesti kultuuriloos, võru keele arendamises, talurahvaseaduse ettevalmistamises ja paljus muus

  20. Kui vana on kunstnik? / Anneli Porri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Porri, Anneli, 1980-

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise kunstihariduse konverentsi "InSea on Sea" raames Kunstiakadeemia galeriis Karin Laansoo kureeritud Tallinna Kunstikooli õpilaste tööde näitus "MÄRKmed", Draakoni galeriis Mari Sobolevi kureeritud Viljandi Maagümnaasiumi kunstistuudio näitus "Sisseastumiseksam maailma", rahvusraamatukogus Anneli Porri kureeritud näitus "Kokkuvõte" EKA tänavuste lõpetajate töödest ja näitus "Leitud tagahoovist", Kullo galeriis rahvusvaheline näitus "Dialoog erinevuste vahel"

  1. Uljas uus vana maailm / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2004-01-01

    Meediakunstniku staatusest postsotsialistlikus ühiskonnas, sõltuvusest ja ebamäärasusest transformeeruvas kunstitehnoloogilises keskkonnas, kus vastuolud ja üksteisemõistmine on lähemal vaatlusel paiguti ületamatud, arvamusfoon on muutuv ning kaootiline, kohati kanoniseeruv ning kommunikatsioon tihti negatiivne

  2. Otsige naist : vana trikk valimiskampaanias / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2004-01-01

    Suurlehed Washington Post ja New York Times pole käsitlenud presidendikandidaadiks pürgiva John Kerry salasuhte teemat, mida levitati Internetis. Bill Clintoniga seotud skandaalist tema valimiskampaania ajal. Lisa: Presidendid ja nende naised

  3. Viljandi Vana kalmistu kuulsused / Kadi Sassi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sassi, Kadi

    2005-01-01

    Kunstnik F. B. Dörbeck (1799-1835), kunstnik G. Mooste (1885-1957), kunstnik V. Ormisson (1892-1941), kunstnik P. Kondas (1900-1985), kirjanik Fr. Kuhlbars (1841-1924), kirjanik A. Rennit (1860-1936), lavastaja ja näitleja H. Gleser (1893-1932), tantsija I. Urbel (1900-1983), fotograaf J. Riet (1873-1952), skulptor A. L. Weizenberg (1837-1921), professor Fr. Dryer (1879-1934)

  4. Vana rasv on otsas / Imre Siil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siil, Imre

    2005-01-01

    Riigikantselei ja Eesti Informaatikakeskuse endine juht põhjustest, miks e-riik on jõudnud praegusesse olukorda. Tema sõnul on arvestatav baas e-riigi edasiseks arenguks olemas, kuid ülesanded lähevad keerulisemaks ja vaja oleks uusi ideid ning arengustrateegiaid

  5. Pop : Kogumikud. Vana kool. Funk / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Erinevad "The Third Unheard: Connecticut Hip Hop 1979-1983". Erinevad "Funk Drops 3: Breaks, Nuqqets and Rarities", George Duke "The Essential George Duke", The Jacksons "The Very Best of The Jacksons"

  6. Vana-aasta filmiõhtu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Kanal2s oli sügisel telesari eesti tuntud arstidest, keda on filmitud aasta vältel. Helle Karise portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" näidatakse ka 30. detsembril Kinomajas filmiõhtul. Kohtuda saab ka arstide endiga

  7. [Implementation of vanA and vanB genes by PCR technique research interest in system (Xpert vanA/vanB CepheidR) closed in a laboratory of microbiology in managing an outbreak to Enterococcus faecium resistant glycopeptide (EfRG)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekeyser, S; Beclin, E; Descamps, D

    2011-04-01

    The closed system PCR for the rapid detection of vanA and vanB genes (Xpert vanA/vanB Cepheid(®)) was evaluated in our laboratory, to improve the rapidity of the response and thus the management of patients and isolation measures during two GRE outbreaks. From March to December2009, 565 samples were analysed by PCR associated to bacterial culture initially for all samples for 2months (n = 75), and thereafter for PCR-positive samples only. In this study, sensitivity and negative predictive values of the PCR were 100%. Specificity was evaluated in the presence and absence of outbreak: 69.3 and 76.8% respectively. The variability of false positive rates between units were lower in nonepidemic than during epidemic phase. The global false positive rate was 23.9%. This easy-to-use technology provides rapid results… four samples are tested in 1h versus 72h for culture. Despite its reagent cost, it represents an important hospital diagnostic tool: improvement of the management of cohorting areas and patient transfer between units, adaptation of isolation measures and treatments. However, culture remains necessary to confirm any positive result obtained by PCR and for epidemiological surveillance. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Kui vana on su keha? / Evelin Kivilo-Paas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivilo-Paas, Evelin, 1979-

    2012-01-01

    Keha vanuse testimisest Polar BodyAge'i programmi abil. Treener Kristi Roosimägi analüüsib osalejate, TV3 uudisteankur Marek Lindmaa, ilmateadustaja Liis Lusmäe ja reporter Feliks Unduski tulemusi

  9. Determination of vehicular pollution in the road tunnel of Vana ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The combustion of fuels (gasoline, LPG, diesel oil, and so on ...) in vehicle engines produces a lot of substances and gases. Depending on their concentration, their chemical stability and their adverse effects on environment and human being, the most relevant compounds in the exhaust gas are SO2, CO, NOx, H2S and O3.

  10. Sama vana rumalus / John Kay ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kay, John

    2007-01-01

    Autor meenutab juhtumit Inglise legendaarse Lloyd'siga paarkümmend aastat tagasi, kui Lloydsi sündikaatide üksteiselt edasikindlustuse ostmine viis selle kindlustusturu peaaegu kokkuvarisemiseni. Ta leiab, et uue aastatuhande struktureeritud laenuturud on korranud Lloyd'si juhtumit

  11. Galicia peab valima vana või uue / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    19. juunil toimuvad valimised Hispaania autonoomses piirkonnas Galicias. Arvamusküsitluste tulemused näitavad, et konservatiivset Rahvaparteid ja tema liidrit Manuel Fraga Iribarnet toetab 45 protsenti piirkonna valijatest

  12. Vana hea nõukogude kvaliteet / Jaak Kilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kilmi, Jaak, 1973-

    2002-01-01

    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas programmi "Avatud videoööd" koostaja muleid ja hinnanguid festivalilt. Parima meesnäitleja preemia sai Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda", žürii märkis ära Mark Soosaare 8-minutilise "La Paloma", "Avatud videoööde" peapreemia sai Mikk Ranna "Sääsk ja hobune". Festivali parimaks filmiks kuulutati Igor Minajevi "Kuumaastikud" ("Lunnõje poljanõ"), mille peaosatäitja Alissa Bogart sai parima naisnäitleja preemia

  13. Vana hea tuttav korruptsioon / Avo Üprus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üprus, Avo, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Meie Maa, 25. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Nädaline, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 4; Järva Teataja, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 6; Põhjarannik, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Severnoje Poberezhje, 26. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 27. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 28. aug. 2004, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 15; Vali Uudised, 3. sept. 2004, lk. 2. Vastukaja Viktor Vassiljevi artiklitele 19. juuli ja 17. aug. Postimehes

  14. Uus seadus on mõistlikum kui vana / Eugen Veges

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veges, Eugen, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    Uue töölepingu seaduse eelnõust. Ilmunud ka Tartu Ekspress 14. veeb. 2008, lk. 6, pealkiri kujul: Veel kord uuest töölepinguseaduse eelnõust ; Valgamaalane 19. veeb. 2008, lk. 2 ; Kuulutaja 29. veeb. 2008, lk. 4, pealkiri kujul: Töölepinguseadus nõuab selgeltnägemist

  15. Vana mees tahab koju / Ester Šank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Šank, Ester, 1956-

    1998-01-01

    Riigikohus arutab 1932. a. lapsendatud (1941. a. lapsendamine tühistatud) Ants Tederi lapseõiguste taastamist Jürgensite perekonnas. Kui kohus ennistaks Ants Tederi lapsendamise perek. Jürgensite poolt, kaotaksid D. Visnapuu ja T. Sildmäe õiguse hoonele Tartu mnt. 39

  16. Vana hunt naaseb murdmispaika / Ilmar Palli, Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palli, Ilmar, 1948-

    1999-01-01

    Märtsiküüditamisest, küüditajatest ja küüditatutest. Artiklile on lisatud statistilised tabelid küüditamiste kohta Eestis 16.-20. sajandil ning küüditamise kohta okupeeritud Balti riikidest 25.-30. märtsil 1949. a.

  17. Hitler, Stalin ja Vana Toomas koos / Helen Eelrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eelrand, Helen, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Ajalooliste esemete, eelkõige kommunistliku ja natsionaalsotsialistliku sümboolika müügist. Kommentaarid Riigikogu liikmelt Helir-Valdor Seederilt, okupatsioonimuuseumi töötajalt Rasmus Rausbergilt ja siseministeeriumi pressinõunikult Katrin Videselt. Lisa: Lenin läheb idablokis kaubaks

  18. Uus võib olla unustatud vana / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    Vestlusest kooliajaloolase Ilmar Kopsoga, kes töötas läbi ja pani haridusministeeriumi tellimusel Internetti Eesti hariduskorralduse aktid aastatest 1918-1940. Nendega saab tutvuda aadressil: http://www.hm.ee/Haridusseadused-1918-1940/

  19. Vana mõisahoone ärkas elule / Heli Salong

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salong, Heli, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Muhus asuva Pädaste mõisa peahoone avamist tähistati kultuuriprogrammiga. Kohal viibisid ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja proua Evelin Ilves. Juuresoleval fotol Muhu kooliõpetaja Tiina Saar, mõisaomanikud Martin Breuer ja Imre Sooäär ning proua Evelin Ilves härrastemaja linti läbi lõikamas

  20. Kursi koolkond juba 15 aastat vana / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Kursi koolkonna - P. Allik, A. Gulk, I. Kruusamäe, M. Mäetamm, P. Pangsepp, P. Pajos, K. Suitso, I. Suumann, R. Tüür - uute tööde väljapanek Tallinna Kunstihoones (22. III-21. IV) ja retrospektiivnäitus Kunstihoone galeriis (22. III-28. IV). 14. IV esinevad noored luuletajad

  1. "Vana hea aeg" baltisaksa mälestusteraamatus / Ahti Saares

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saares, Ahti

    2000-01-01

    Baltisakslastest memuariste iseloomustab romantilis-patriootiline suhtumine kodumaasse ja sellest lähtuv kultuuritoojalik, kõrgemat missiooni täitev hoiak. Võrdlus Stefan Zweigi, Sven Danelli ja Kaljo Villako mälestusteraamatutega

  2. Vana Euroopa, noor maailm / David Bloom, Bo Malmberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bloom, David

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 5. juuni lk. 11. Euroopa rahvastik on vananemas ja seetõttu on paljud riigid teinud poliitilisi otsuseid, mille eesmärk on tõsta iivet, et Euroopa suudaks säilitada kõrge elatustaseme järgnevaikski aastakümneiks

  3. Kolm vana-peruu kultuurihorisonti - kas ka kolm erinevat religiooni?

    OpenAIRE

    Tarmo Kulmar

    1999-01-01

    The influence of the Chavin religion to the religion of Tiahuanaco is of principle nature. The Paracas religion seems to have a smaller impact, still, its significance can not be underestimated. Thus it is rational to view these three as the sc kindred religions, i.e. the Peruvian religion of the middle horizon is merely a further elaboration of the religions of the earlier horizons and they are the two layers of the same pre-Incan religion.The Tiahuanaco religion has influenced the Inca reli...

  4. Vana seltsimees, uus Kaukaasia? / Juku-Kalle Raid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raid, Juku-Kalle, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Autor leiab, et meie poliitikud ei tunnista Gruusia juhtkonna tõsiseid möödalaskmisi. Kui Gruusia president Mihhail Saakashvili võidaks ka teise valimisvooru, suudaks vähemalt opositsiooniline intelligents võtta teda kogu riigi presidendina. Autor avaldab arvamust Gruusia presidendivalimistel vaatlejana viibinud Riigikogu liikme Evelyn Sepa seisukohtade üle

  5. Karje Vana Maailma äärelt / Sven Vabar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabar, Sven

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filme - dokumentaalfilm Islandi muusikast "Karjuv meistriteos" ("Screaming Masterpiece") : režissöör Alexander Ergis : Island 2005, mängufilm "Otsides Alexander'it" ("Looking for Alexander") : režissöör Francis Leclerc : Kanada 2004

  6. Euroteatrikool: uus ja vana / Martin Veinmann ; intervjueerinud Reet Neimar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veinmann, Martin, 1950-

    1995-01-01

    M. Veinmanni , K. Koigi ja P. Raudsepa muljeid Euroopa Kunstikoolide Liidu (ELIA) üliõpilaskoolitusest Amsterdamis ja Berliinis. M. Veinmann ka Stratfordis, Royal Company juures peetud seminarist "Theatre voice"

  7. Vana vuntsi maine külg / Indrek Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Indrek

    2001-01-01

    Telesaade "Eestimaa neli aastaaega" Tartu Ülikooli professorist Juri Lotmanist (1922-1993) ja tema abikaasast, sama ülikooli õppejõust Zara Mintsist (1927-1990) : autor ja saatejuht Natalia Jalviste : ETV 2001

  8. Visionäär : internet hukutab vana kapitalismi / Joichi Ito ; interv. Kristjan Otsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ito, Joichi

    2007-01-01

    Maailma juhtivaid riskikapitaliste vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ebavajaliku info probleemi internetis, tema kujutlust tuleviku veebiteenustest, võrkude avamisega kaasnevaid muudatusi, jagamismajanduse tulumudeleid

  9. Gidon Kremer ja Tatjana Grindenko : vana arm ei roosteta! / Tatjana Grindenko ; interv. Aleksandra Moorast

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grindenko, Tatjana

    2007-01-01

    Viiuldajatest Gidon Kremerist ja Tatjana Grindenkost. Kontserdist Tallinna Polütehnilise Instituudi aulas 30 aasta eest. Kontserdist "Jubilate: Gidon Kremer 60 ja Kremerata Baltica 10" 11. veebr. Estonia kontserdisaalis

  10. Aasta parimad interjöörid muutsid vana trendikaks / Piret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Piret, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemiad: eramu sisekujunduse preemia - Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla ja Urmas Vaikla, meelelahutusliku interjööri preemia - kohvik "Pegasus" (Gert Sarv, Margus Tammik, Tarvo H. Varres osaühisusest Front Arhitektid), ajaloolise interjööri preemia - Tallinna Reaalkooli renoveerimisprojekt Tiina Lõhmuse juhtimisel, unikaaleseme preemia - Leila Pärtelpoja kujundatud riigikogu esimehe puhkeruumi mööbel Toompeal. Nimetatud žürii koosseis

  11. Rotermanni vana jahuladu ja uus jahuladu = Rotermann old and new flour storage / Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grossschmidt, Hanno, 1973-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna endise Rotermanni tööstuskvartali arhitektuuri kaasajastamine. Arhitektid Yoko Azukawa, Hanno Grossschmidt ja Tomoni Hayashi, projekteerija HG Arthitektuur, konstruktor Neoprojekt. Projekt ja ehitus 2006-2008

  12. Vana ja tuttav, aga liiga turvaline / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2008-01-01

    Steven Spielbergi neljas Indiana Jones'i film Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008

  13. Kunstiakadeemia uus õppehoone kõrgub õhuliselt vana maja kohale / Ants Juske, Mari Kodres

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone arhitektuurivõistlusest ja võidutööst "Art Plaza"(Taani arhitektuuribüroo Effekt). Võistlustöödest "TLN247" (II koht), "Arts Factory" (III koht), "Public Section" (ergutuspreemia) ja "Sashimi" (ergutuspreemia)

  14. Tallinna Lennujaama vana terminali renoveerimine = Renovation of Tallinn Airport's old terminal / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektid: Andres Põime, Reet Põime, Tiiu Truus. Tallinna Lennujaama reisijateterminali projekteerisid 1939. a. arhitektid Roman Koolmar ja Artur Jürvetson, hoone valmis Paula Koido rekonstrueerimisprojekti järgi. Ill.: 2 värv. sisevaadet, välisvaade

  15. Vana platelsitsija juhtum: kapo töö kogemustepagas / Arvi Tap-Tapver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tap-Tapver, Arvi

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Kaitsepolitsei uuris 1990-ndatel tollase Koonderakonna juhi ja Riigikogu riigikaitsekomisjoni esimehe Peeter Lorentsi seotust Soomest relvade salakaubana sissetoomisega mässulisele Läänemaa Vabatahtlike Jäägrikompaniile 1993. a., vahetult enne Pullapää kriisi

  16. USA-s tõsteti terroriohtu kolm aastat vana info peale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Al-Qaida arvutieksperdilt Muhammad Naeem Noor Khaanilt, kes tabati Pakistanis, saadi kätte mitmeid dokumente, luureinfot ja skeeme. Enamik infot oli kogutud enne 11. septembril 2001. aastal toimunud terrorirünnakuid

  17. Host range of enterococcal vanA plasmids among Gram-positive intestinal bacteria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werner, Guido; Freitas, Ana R.; Coque, Teresa M.

    2010-01-01

    recipients. Transfer rates were calculated per donor and recipient. Transconjugants were confirmed by determining their phenotypic and genotypic properties. Stability of plasmids in the new host was assessed in long-term growth experiments. RESULTS: In total, 282 enterococcal matings and 73 inter...

  18. Niguliste kirikul uus orel, Jaani kirikus algab vana taastamine / Tiiu Pikkur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikkur, Tiiu, 1947-

    2005-01-01

    Orelimeister Ago Tint lõpetas 9. saj lõpul Gustav Terkmanni ehitatud oreli (asus kuni 2005. a. alguseni Teatri- ja Muusikamuuseumis) restaureerimise ja orel paigutati Tallinna Niguliste kiriku Püha Antoniuse kabelisse. Sõlmiti Tallinna Jaani kiriku oreli restaureerimise ja uue oreli hankimise leping (töö teostab Saksamaa oreliehitusfirma Martin Ter Haseborg). Mõlema ettevõtmise eestvedajaks on orelikunstnik Andres Uibo

  19. Vana anatoomikum võõrustab näitust Eesti arstidest eksiilis / foto: Sille Annuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Tervishoiu Muuseumi ja Tartu Ülikooli ajaloo muuseumi korraldatud näitusest, mille koostamisel olid esmatähtsad kontaktid arstidega Rootsi Eesti arstide seltsist ja Austraalia Eesti arstide seltsist

  20. Prügilill, vana hõng ja minimalism / Ene Läkk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läkk, Ene, 1957-

    2000-01-01

    Kahest äärmusest praeguses aiakujunduses: minimalismist ja vanahõngulisest, hästi organiseeritud segadusest. Erinevatest materjalidest terrassist, "woodland'ist", moesolevatest prügitaimedest. Trendinäiteks Saksa saatkonna haljasalast Tallinnas (arhitekt R. Herms, teostus Ü. ja U. Grishakov). Soovitusi maastikuarhitekt Ü. Grishakovilt

  1. Kired ja mõrvad Vana-Hiina moodi / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Gulik, Robert van. Hiina järvemõrvad : kohtunik Di lahendab kolm juhtumit : [romaan] / inglise keelest tõlkinud Kersti Unt ; illustreeritud kaheteistkümne hiinapärase graafilise lehega autorilt. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2006. (Kohtunik Di mõrvamüsteerium)

  2. Kaire Kemp-Tishler : harmoonia moodsa ja vana vahel / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2003-01-01

    Eramu sisekujundus. Sisearhitekt Kaire Kemp-Tishler, tema kommentaarid. Arhitekt Vahur Sova. Kamina sepised tegi Heigo Jelle. Trepihallis Tiit Pääsukese maal "Orasnzh". Ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, 14 värv. vaadet

  3. Väga suur ja vana, aga ikka pooleli / Alexander Birnbaum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Birnbaum, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    Bologna San Petronio Basilica ehk Püha Petroniuse katedraalist. Kiriku fassaadist, interjöörist, seal asuvast päikesekellast. Lühidalt Strasbourgi, Kölni, Siena, Milano ja Barcelona Sagrada Familia katedraalide ehitamisest

  4. Vana vimm lõi Maltal välja / Katrin Pauts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pauts, Katrin, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli Malta riigivisiidi ajal ütles presidendi protokolliülem Andrei Birov välisministeeriumi protokolliosakonna juhatajale Tiina Nirgile "Fuck you!". Riigivisiit Malta Vabariiki 1.-3.10.2003

  5. Vana kaader järel-eesti ajal võimalusi proovimas / Maie Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Maie, 1929-2013

    2001-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb konverentsil "Kohandumise märgid" (20. apr. 2001) peetud ettekandel. Kirjanike elu- ja loominguloost a-tel 1944-1948, lähemalt Mait Metsanurgast, Hugo Raudsepast, Friedebert Tuglasest ja Oskar Lutsust

  6. "Baltoscandal" - jätkem vanas urgitsemine ja suunakem energia uue loomisele! / Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lagle, Evelin

    2008-01-01

    10. Baltoscandalil nähtust. Lavastustest: "50 Lovely Ways to Die", "Why Don't You Dance?", "I Apologize", "Anira", "Kool", "Võluflööt. Remix ja selgitus", "While We Were Holding It Together", "HarS"

  7. Rein Veidemann elab vana kodulinna provintslusilminguid valusalt läbi / Rein Veidemann ; interv. Rein Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Pärnust pärit kirjanik-poliitik Rein Veidemann meenutab lapsepõlve, kooliaega, laulvat revolutsiooni. Vt. samas: Rein Veidemann; Kuidas Veidemann okupandiks sattus; Veidemann tegi koos Ojakääruga Rääma kooli hümni; Rein Kask. Meenutus

  8. Pädaste mõis pakub nii uut kui vana! / Aale Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Aale

    2008-01-01

    Renoveeritud Pädaste mõisa peahoonest (1875). Omanikud Imre Sooäär ja Martin Breuer. Mõisaansambli restaureerimine toimus aastail 1996-2008. Restaureerimisarhitekt Katrin Etverk. Sisearhitektuur: Imre Sooäär, Kärt Kukkur. Restoranisaal kasvab üle talveaiaks. Kärt Kukkuri, Katrin Etverki ja Ülle Grishakovi kommentaarid. Värv. välisvaade, 14 sisevaadet

  9. Vana materjali taaskasutamine - lisaväärtus renoveeritavale ehitusele / Tarmo-Andre Elvisto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elvisto, Tarmo Andre, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Vanade hoonete väärtustamisest, vanade materjalide (konstruktiivsed materjalid: palgid, talad, katusekivid jm., detailid: uksed, aknad, sepised jm., ehisdetailid: karniisid, puitpits jm., interjöörielemendid: kahhelahjud, trepid, lae- ja põrandalauad jm.) taaskasutamine eelkõige vanade majade renoveerimisel ja restaureerimisel

  10. TEO - vana rahamasin töötab ikka veel / Steffan Andersson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Andersson, Steffan

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade Leedu kommunikatsioonifirma TEO (endine Leedu Telekom, praegu 60% mahus TeliaSonera tütarfirma) majandustegevusest ja aktsia hinnast. Graafik: TEO aktsia kurss 24. okt. 2005 - 24. okt. 2006

  11. Junāgadhi raidkiri: kommunaalpropaganda Vana-India moodi / Martti Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Martti, 1973-

    2016-01-01

    Rudradāmani raidkirjast. Raidkiri on rajatud Sudarśana veehoidla parandamise ja renoveerimise auks. Raidkirja ajaloolisest taustast. Raidkirja teksti tõlge ja kommentaarid. Tegemist on (peale müntide) ainsa säilinud tekstiga vürst Rudradāmani ajast

  12. 500 tudengiga aines kontrollib eksamitöid õppejõu eest arvuti / Anu Mõistlik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mõistlik, Anu

    2003-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli selle semestri rahvarohkeima, 500 kuulajaga sotsiaalkultuurilise psühholoogia loengukursuse lõpus kirjutasid tudengid eksamitööks valikvastustega testi, mida hakkavad kontrollima arvutid

  13. ML Arvutite aktsiakapital suurenes / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    ML Arvutid omanik Aivar Paalberg tõstis aktsiakapitali seniselt 10 miljonilt 24 miljonile eesmärgiga tugevdada oma positsioone Eesti turul ja kasvada kiiremas tempos kui kogu turg. Diagramm: Majandusnäitajad

  14. Art Depoo : äri- ja eluhoone Jahu tn. 12 / Vana-Kalamaja tn. 34, Tallinn = Art Depoo : apartment building on Jahu St. 12 / Vana-Kalamaja St. 34, Tallinn / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    "Norma" vanasse tootmishoonesse on rajatud kunstigalerii ja 51 korteriga elamu. Projekteerija: On Arhitektid OÜ. Autor Harry Klaar. Projekt 2004, valmis 2005. Ill.: I, II ja III korruse plaan, 5 välis- ja 4 sisevaadet

  15. Aastaraamatu Vana Tallinn köidetes I-XXV (XXIX) ilmunud tekstid=In den Bänden I-XXV (XXIX) des Jahrbuches Vana Tallinn publizierte Texten / Helve Russak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Russak, Helve

    2014-01-01

    Artiklid kokkuvõtetega=Beiträge mit den Zusammenfassungen; Ülevaated, retsensioonid, annotatsioonid, arvamused=Übersichten, Rezensionen, Annotationen, Ansichten; Ex Archivo Civitatis Revaliensis; Mistsellid=Miszellen; Kroonika=Chronik; Järelhüüded=Nekrologen; Sündmused=Ereignisse; Mälestused ja ülevaated=Ereignisse und Übersichte; Saate- ja eessõnad=Zum Geleit und Vorwort; Vähetuntud pilte=Rare Bilder; Lisad=Anhänge

  16. Sky Plus maksuvõlglaste esikümnes vana võlaga / Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Ralf-Martin

    2008-01-01

    Sky Plusi poolest tuntud raadiofirma First Media maksuvõlg oli 2007. aasta lõpuks 44,5 miljonit krooni. Vt. samas: Nõue aastatetaguse agendilepingu eest. Diagramm: Majandusnäitajad; Maksuvõlglaste edetabel

  17. Nad ikka said selle Kärdla vana elektrijaama tööle / Bianca Mikovitš

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikovitš, Bianca

    2009-01-01

    Siret Paju lavastusest "Ei teki ega kao" Kärdla elektrijaamas. Näidendi autorid Kerli Adov, Jaan Aps, Liis Lukk, Hiri Müüripeal, Siim Nurklik ja Kaur Riismaa. Projekti käivitas MTÜ Arhipelaag eesotsas Ere Naadiga

  18. Vana hea arhitektuur : Villa-V Nõmmel = Good Old Architecture : Villa-V in Nõmme / Siiri Vallner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vallner, Siiri, 1972-

    2001-01-01

    Projekteerija: arhitektibüroo Kolm Pluss Üks. Arhitektid Markus Kaasik, Andres Ojari, Ilmar Valdur. Projekt 1998, valmis 2001. 11 ill.: pindade diagramm, korruste plaanid, lõige, sise- ja välisvaated

  19. Peapiiskop pühitses Anija valla Pikva külla toodud vana kabeli / Külli Koppelmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppelmaa, Külli, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    1891. a. arhitekt Erwin von Bernardti projekti järgi valminud puitkabel Tallinnast toodi Pikva mõisa ja sai nimeks Pickwa Miikaeli kabel. Taastamisprojekti autor Hillar Kannelmäe OÜ Kuukaarest, altarimaali autor Lauri Sillak, tekstiilide autor Marit Kuivonen. 1851. aastal Hans Holmi ehitatud kapporel on pärit Kolga mõisast. Anija vallavalitsuse andmeil puudub kabeli ehitusluba

  20. "Tartu Athena" tarib viimase hetke majja kunsti / Aigi Viira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viira, Aigi

    1999-01-01

    Kunstiprojekt ("Vana Athena" muudeti "Vanaks Anatoomikumiks") Tartu Vanas Anatoomikumis. Kuraator Paul Rodgers. Osalejad Inglismaalt, Soomest, Saksamaalt, Leedust, Rumeeniast, Venemaalt, Šveitsist, Eestist

  1. Eesti koolid ei jaksa enam Microsoftilt tarkvara osta / Teele Tammeorg ; kommenteerinud Rain Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2013-01-01

    Eesti koolide arvutid on nii vananenud, et ei saa kasutada uuemaid operatsioonisüsteeme, Windowsi operatsioonisüsteem ja MS Office'i kasutamine aga kallineb vähemalt kümme korda. Arvamust avaldab ka Tallinna ülikooli haridustehnoloogia keskuse juht Mart Laanpere

  2. Outlooki grupitöö ühendab ka eri kontorid / Kuldar Kullasepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kullasepp, Kuldar, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Microsofti Internet Free/Busy Service võimaldab koosoleku aega planeerides töökaaslaste kalendrist näha, millal nad on hõivatud ja millal mitte. Skeem: Veebiliides ühendab arvutid. Lisa: Outlooki grupitöölahenduse plussid; Outlooki grupitöölahenduse miinused

  3. Moodsad ajad vanas majas : Raekoja 1975. aasta sisekujundus = Modern Times at an Old Building : 1975 Interior Design of Tallinn Town Hall / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    1973. a. Tallinna Raekojale uue sisekujunduslahenduse saamiseks korraldatud kutsutud konkursi võitis töö Annunciation, mille põhiautoriks oli Leila Pärtelpoeg, kaasautoriteks Aate-Heli Õun, Anu Raud, Ilme-Anu Neemre. Tööd jätkas Leila Pärtelpoeg koos Udo Umbergiga. Rippvaipade galerii autor Valve Ilveste

  4. Mööbel vajab nišše ja ekspordiauke. Vallutamist ootab vana Euroopa / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Ari Lustila, Heido Vitsur, Priit Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Olukorrast mööbliturul: edukamad on olnud korpusmööbliga tegelevad ettevõtted. Arvamust avaldavad ASi Suwem turundusjuht Mart Nilson ja OÜ Bellus Furnitur tootmisjuht Rolf Kristian Relander. Diagrammid

  5. Mõiste saddiq/dikaios arengust : katse rakendada Lazar Gulkowitschi mõisteloolist meetodit algkristluse uurimisel / Urmas Nõmmik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõmmik, Urmas, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Mõiste "õige inimene" kasutusest Vanas ja Uues Testamendis, apokrüüfses kirjanduses ning Qumrani kogudes. Septuaginta (ladina keeles 'seitsekümmend') on heebreakeelse Vana Testamendi vanim teadaolev täielik tõlge kreeka keelde

  6. Tehnikaromud saab peagi tasuta ära anda / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas

    2005-01-01

    13. augustist saab vana elektroonikat tasuta ära anda. MTÜ Eesti Elektroonikaromu on juba loonud selleks üle Eesti 44 kogumispunkti, EES-Ringlus ühingus endale konkurenti ei näe. Lisa: Vana tehnika

  7. Egiptuse kultused Kreeka-Rooma maailmas / Jaan Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Jaan, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Vana-Egiptuse, Vana-Kreeka ja Vana-Rooma kultuurikontaktidest ning nende laienemisest peale Aleksander Suure vallutusi. Egiptuse lülitumisest hellenistlikku kultuurisüsteemi, Serapise, Isis, Osirise, Harpokratese kultustest Kreekas ja Roomas. Herodotose egiptuse kultuuri kirjeldustest "Historia" II raamatus.

  8. Lutheri mööblivabriku hoone (Vana-Lõuna 39 ja 39a, Tallinn, arhitektid : A. Bubõr, N. Vassiljev) renoveerimine korterelamuks / Eero Jürgenson, Rasmus Tamme, Andrei Pleskatshov...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Ill.: situatsiooni-, asendi- ja maapealsete korruste plaanid, 3 välis- ja 2 sisevaadet (fotod: Velvet, Arne Maasik), vaade Lutheri kvartalile linnulennult 19. saj. 1. poolel; muinsuskaitse eritingimused: M. Eensalu; ARS Projekt

  9. Leonardo da Vinci programmiga Euroopasse / Maie Üürike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Üürike, Maie

    2009-01-01

    Elukestva õppe allprogrammist, mis on suunatud kutsehariduse ja -koolituse edendamisele Euroopas. Vana-Vigala Tehnika- ja Teeninduskooli õpilased viibisid programmi raames erialasel praktikal Soomes

  10. Tartu toomhärrade päritolu = Social origins of Tartu canons / Tõnis Lukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukas, Tõnis, 1962-

    1993-01-01

    Lisana tabelid: Vana-Liivimaalt pärit toomhärrade jaotumine ja osakaal. Lk. 23 ; Väljastpoolt Vana-Liivimaad pärinevad toomhärrad Tartu toomkapiitlis. Lk. 24 ; Tartu toomhärrade sotsiaalne päritolu. Lk. 25

  11. Saalivalvurid varastavad ka Barcelonas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Hispaania politsei tabas Barcelona Arheoloogiamuuseumi saalivalvuri Manuel Gasca, kes varastas muuseumi hoidlaist umbes 35 miljoni Eesti krooni ulatuses vana-egiptuse, foiniikia, etruski ja vana-rooma arheoloogilisi leide (mündid, keraamika, skulptuur jt.) ning itaalia graafiku Giambattista Piranesi 150 gravüüri.

  12. Kolm vaadet Tallinna vanalinnale / Villem Tomiste, Martin Aunin, Robert Treufeldt ; intervjueerinud Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomiste, Villem, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna vanalinna ja kesklinna piiril asuv kvartal 57B, mis piirneb Aia, Vana-Viru, Inseneri tänava ja Mere Puiesteega, ajendas vanalinna hoonestuspõhimõtete ja tulevikulahenduste üle arutama arhitekte Villem Tomistet, Martin Auninit ning arhitektuuriajaloolast, ICOMOSi Eesti komitee esimeest Robert Treufeldti. Pikemalt korterelamust Aia 4/Vana-Viru 13, Aia 6 ja 8 detailplaneeringu eskiisist

  13. Museaalne-kulinaarne apteek / Agne Trummal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trummal, Agne, 1973-2005

    2000-01-01

    Tallinna Raeapteegi restaureerimisest. 1999. a. lõpul avatud hoones on apteek, restoran "Balthasar" ja kaks antiigikauplust. Arhitektuuriajaloolised eritingimused: Rasmus Kangropool. Projekteerija: Vana Tallinn, arhitekt Marie Hammer. Sisearhitektid Priit Põldme (restoran, lauad), Aivar Oja (apteek). Ehitus: Hard Restauraator. Restoranis Rein Tammiku maal "Visarid". Projekt 1998. 8 ill. Vana Tallinn (arhitektibüroo)

  14. Põud : [luuletused] / Enn Tuuling

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuuling, Enn

    2002-01-01

    Sisu: Põud ; Aian ; Inne pikset ; Süküsõdang tarõn ; Üü tulek ; Rebäse külä vana sann ; Vana maja ; "Kes oll̀ tuu miis, kes sinno ehit ..." ; Pööningul ; Talv 1960/61. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 358-359

  15. 108aastase Liviko tooted koguvad tunnustust nii kodus kui välismaal / Tiit Reinart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinart, Tiit, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Tänavu tunnustati AS-i Liviko tooteid Vana Tallinna Liköör, Üx Vodka ja Vana Tallinn Cream ühel mainekamal rahvusvahelisel konkursil International Wine & Spirit Competition (IWSC), ühtlasi tegeleb ettevõte jätkuvalt tootearenduse ja kvaliteetveinide importimisega. Vt. samas: Maksumärgita alkohol on illegaalne

  16. Liivimaa maapäev Wolter von Plettenbergi ajal (1494-1535) / Pärtel Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Pärtel, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaa poliitilise olukorra senistest käsitlustest. Radziwilli memorandumile rajatud maapäeva käsitluse kriitika. Vana-Liivimaa maapäevast kui huvitavast sünteesist ühelt poole territooriumide läbirääkimistest ning teiselt poolt klassikalisest seisuslikust kogunemisest. Maapäeva toimumisaegadest ja kokkukutsumistest. Lähemalt 1498. aasta maapäevast. Maapäeva otsustamisprintsiipidest ja esindajate mandaatidest. Maapäeva funktsioonidest ja rollist Vana-Liivimaa poliitilises süsteemis

  17. Irina Starzhenetskaja Vene galeriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    26. märtsist Vene saatkonna galeriis Moskva kunstniku Irina Starzhenetskaja maalide näitus. Kunstnik eksponeerib oma viimase aja maale, kus ta on ainest leidnud vana-vene ikoonidest ja argistest natüürmortidest

  18. Tiina Tammetalu näitab oma uusi ja vanu maale / Andry Ervald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ervald, Andry

    2010-01-01

    Tiina Tammetalu maalide näitused tantsukooli Noor Ballett galeriis ja Viimsi Püha Jaakobi kirikus. Viimsi Püha Jaakobi kirikus on eksponeeritud religioosne maaliseeria "Exodus" (Vana Testamendi II Moosese raamatu järgi)

  19. Maja kui diagnoos ja kommentaar = House as a diagnosis and a comment / Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Korterelamust Tallinna vanalinnas Aia 4 / Vana-Viru 13, hoone sobivusest vanalinna. Autorid Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste ja Mihkel Tüür, projekteerija AB Kosmos, konstruktor Maru Ehitus. Projekt 2003-2009, valmis 2009

  20. Libahundi kujutelmade teoloogilis-demonoloogilised tõlgendused / Tiina Vähi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vähi, Tiina

    2006-01-01

    Libahundikujutelmade lähtekohtadest. Libahundipildist vana- ja keskaja teoloogias ja demonoloogias. Lükantroopiast kui doktriinist varauusaegsetes teoloogilis-demonloogilistes traktaatides. XVII sajandi Liivi- ja Kuramaa vaimulike Herman von Samsoni ja Paul Einhorni lükantroopiakäsitlustest

  1. Новый корпус средней школы, Вильянди = Extension of Viljandi Secondary School / Михкель Кару

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кару, Михкель, 1983-

    2013-01-01

    Viljandi Riigigümnaasiumi uuest hoonest. Arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Andro Mänd, Margus Tamm (Salto Arhitektid), sisekujunduse autor Pille Lausmäe. Vana maja fassaadi renoveerimisprojekti autor Eva Laarmann

  2. Prantsuse sotsialistid pole ikka Royaliga rahul / Hent Kalmo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmo, Hent, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa sotsialistide presidendikandidaat Segolene Royal kutsus oma valimiskampaanias osalema partei nn. vana kaardiväe. Paljud sotsialistide juhid on Royali seisukohti pidanud liiga parempoolseiks, Royal on püüdnud oma valijaid veenda oma sotsialistlikus maailmavaates

  3. Tapa ja Tartu vaksal ärkavad uuele elule / Rein Sikk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sikk, Rein, 1961-

    2011-01-01

    Tapa vaksalihoone (1928) renoveerimise, uute perroonide rajamise, raudteepargi kordategemise plaanidest, vana auruveduri taastamisest. Tartu linn toetab 100 000 euroga Tartu vaksalihoone (1877) muinsuskaitse all olevate ootesaalide ehitust ja algupärasel kujul taastamist

  4. Von Krahl toob lavale poeetilise loomisloo / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    9. apr. Tallinna vana sadama tollilaos esietenduvast Peeter Jalaka lavastatud "Õnne valemist", muusika briti heliloojalt Gavin Bryarsilt, lavastus põhineb Stephen Hawkingi raamatul "Aja lühiajalugu"

  5. Kosmoloogia ja Gavin Bryarsi muusika ruum / Gavin Bryars ; interv. Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bryars, Gavin

    2007-01-01

    9. apr. esietendub Tallinna vana sadama tollilaos Peeter Jalaka lavastatud "Õnne valem", mille muusika on briti heliloojalt Gavin Bryarsilt ning mis põhineb Stephen Hawkingi raamatul "Aja lühiajalugu"

  6. V kakoi zemle - nevedomo ... / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    9. apr. Tallinna vana sadama tollilaos esietenduvast Peeter Jalaka lavastatud "Õnne valemist", muusika briti heliloojalt Gavin Bryarsilt, lavastus põhineb Stephen Hawkingi raamatul "Aja lühiajalugu"

  7. Alte Harfe. Vollständige Sammlung alter estnischer Volkslieder : Vorrede / Jakob Hurt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hurt, Jakob, 1839-1907

    2005-01-01

    Eessõna rmt. : Hurt, Jakob. Vana kannel. 1. kogu : täieline kogu vanu eesti rahvalaulusid = Alte Harfe : vollständige Sammlung alter estnischen Volkslieder. Tartu, 1875-1886. - (Eesti Kirjameeste Seltsi toimetised ; 3)

  8. Keele salaelu / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Vana Testamendi eestikeelsest tõlkest, mille tegid ajavahemikul 1687-1690 isa ja poeg Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Rmt.: Esimene Moosese raamat. Iiobi raamat / tõlkinud 1687-1690 Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Tallinn, 2003

  9. Mennoniidid - alternatiiv rahvusriigile : vestlus Tallinna ülikooli antropoloogiaprofessori Lorenzo Cañás Bottosega / Lorenzo Cañás Bottos ; küsitles Maarja Kaaristo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cañás Bottos, Lorenzo

    2008-01-01

    Lorenzo Cañás Bottos avaldas oma Manchesteri ülikoolis kaitstud doktoritöö ingliskeelse monograafiana "Vana koloonia mennoniidid Argentinas ja Boliivias. Riigiloome, religioossed konfliktid ja tuleviku kujutlemine"

  10. Sardiinia kirjandus kui hea idee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Toimetuse artikkel Elsbeth Gut Bozzetti artikli "Vana maailm ja uus laine" (Alte Welt und neue Welle. - Neue Zürcher Zeitung 16.12. 2006) ning internetis avaldatud materjali põhjal. Gavino Ledda, Salvatore Satta, Salvatore Niffoi jt.

  11. Poljarnõi ekspress protiv Plohhogo Santõ / Jevgeni Levik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levik, Jevgeni

    2005-01-01

    Kaks vastandlikku jõulufilmi - Robert Zemeckise animeeritud jõulumuinasjutt "Polaarekspress" ja Terry Zwigoffi must jõuluvanakomöödia "Vastik vana" ("Bad Santa"). Lisa : Näitleja Tom Hanksi mõtteid oma rollide kohta "Polaarekspressis"

  12. Raamat sõja seadustest / Linnart Mäll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäll, Linnart

    2001-01-01

    Vana-Hiina sõjateoreetikute Sun Zi ja Sun Bini raamatust: Sun, Zi ; Sun, Bin. Sõja seadused / klassikalisest hiina keelest tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Märt Läänemets. Tln. : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2001. (Sõjandusvaramu. Klassika)

  13. Таланты - под одной крышей... / Нелли Кузнецова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кузнецова, Нелли

    2009-01-01

    5. märtsil Tallinna Vana-Viru hotellis avatavast kunstinäitusest "Kevad + armastus". Slava Semerikovi, Sergei Minini, Vladimir Anšoni ja Arkadi Jartsevi maalidest. Näituse kuraatorist galerist Olga Ljubaskinast

  14. "Kohtuniku ees seisab kaks jumalat, kaks õigust ja kibe tarvidus ühte kui teist ehk mõlemaid korraga teenida." / Olja Kivistik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivistik, Olja, 1989-

    2012-01-01

    20. saj. alguses kohaldatud kriminaalseadustikest Tsaari-Venemaal (ka Eestis), nendes sätestatud usuvastaste süütegude koosseisude rakendamisest. Tsaariaegse Tallinna Ringkonnakohtu lahenditest ajal, kui kehtisid samaaegselt vana ja uus nuhtlusseadustik

  15. Rootsi rangus kimbutab Tallinkit lisanõuetega / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Rootsi mereinspektorid leidsid puudusi veekindlate uste elektrisüsteemides Tallinki laevadel Regina Baltica ja Vana Tallinn ning Viking Line'i Mariellal, kirjutab Rootsi meedia. Vt. samas: Galaxy vahetab lippu

  16. Vahur-Paul Põldma - tõlkis raamatu, lavastas etenduse, ise mängib ja üksi / Vahur-Paul Põldma ; interv. Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldma, Vahur-Paul

    2008-01-01

    Alessandro Baricco teos "Novecento", mida Vahur-Paul Põldma mängib Uue Vana Teatri nime all ühemeheetendusena. Lisaks tutvustus "Kes on Alessandro Baricco?" ja "Vahur-Pauli salaminevik : töö lasteaiakasvatajana"

  17. Kas seek või kirik? / Sulev Mäeväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeväli, Sulev, 1936-

    2004-01-01

    Seegihoonete arhitektuurist ja paiknemisest Lääne-Euroopa linnades, Tallinna Pühavaimu kiriku arhitektuurist. 13. saj. lõpul ehitati praegune kirikuhoone, mis tegutses seegina. 1340. aastail ehitati uus seegihoone, misjärel vana seegihoone ehitati kirikuks

  18. Mudaravila kinnistu arendajaks Alvarelli Invest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu mudaravila kinnistu 50-aastasest hoonestusõigusest oli huvitatud Andres Tiigi firma Alvarelli Invest. Firma peab 2009. a. suveks vana mudaravila restaureerima ja rajama sellele mere poole juurdeehitise

  19. Soodusrenoveerimine kogub hoogu / Selene-Rete Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Selene-Rete

    2002-01-01

    Tallinna kultuuriväärtuste ameti poolt koos erafirmadega käivitatud projekti "Vana maja korda" raames restaureeritakse puitmajde uksi ning väljastatkse värvipasse, mille alusel saab soodushinnaga fassaadivärve osta

  20. Muutuv kommunikatsioon kultuuri ei ohusta / Annika Poldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poldre, Annika

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Konverentside poolt Sokos Hotel Virus 28. aprillil 2011 korraldatud kommunikatsiooni aastakonverentsist "Muutuv kommunikatsioon: vana ei taha ja uut ei oska. Kuidas edasi?", kus esinesid Ahto Lobjakas, Priit Põiklik, Piia Tamm ja Marju Lauristin

  1. Kes kardab Park Chan-Wooki? / Karlo Funk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Funk, Karlo, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Vägivalla ajendite teemadel. USA meedia süüdistas peale Virginia koolitulistamist filmikunsti. Seoseid ja/või põhjusi otsiti korealase Park Chan-Wooki filmist "Vana poiss" ("Old Boy") ja John Woo filmidest

  2. Through the Baltic States in a 2011 Jaguar XJ / Jamie Kitman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kitman, Jamie

    2011-01-01

    Artikli autor külastab vana tuttavat, kellest nüüd on saanud Eesti president. Toomas Hendrik Ilves meenutab oma noorusaega ja elu kuni presidendiks saamiseni. President annab ülevaate elust Eestis ning riigi kohast maailmas

  3. Kuidas planeerida elamisväärset korterit? / Aet Piel ; intervjueerinud Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piel, Aet, 1966-

    2011-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Aet Piel halva planeeringuga vana korteri planeeringu muutmisest ja korteri kujundamisest. Hruštšovka-tüüpi korteri ümberplaneerimise võimalustest. Muudatuste tegemisest uues korteris. Köökidest

  4. Ilmar Külveti mälestusteose esitlus Tartus / Riina Kindlam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kindlam, Riina, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    7. novembril 2005 Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumis. Kogumik pealkirjaga "Vana arm ei roosteta" ilmus ajakirjaniku 85. sünnipäevaks. Raamatuesitlusel esinesid Anne Valmas, Janika Kronberg, Vaike Külvet, Piret Noorhani

  5. Märkmeid uusima Preisi tsensuuriinstruktsiooni kohta / Karl Marx

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Marx, Karl

    2000-01-01

    Preisi uue (1841. aasta) tsensuuriinstruktsiooni tõusikliku vaimu vastuolust vana (1818. aasta) tsensuurimääruse ratsionalismiga. Moraali ja religiooni vastuolust. Vt. ka Ain Kaalepi artiklit "Veel Karl Marxist ja tsensuurist

  6. Kaks hõbekeelset kannelt helisemas taas ... / Liina Saarlo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saarlo, Liina, 1974-

    2012-01-01

    Eesti regilaulukogude "Vana Kannel" 9. ja 10. osa ilmumise puhul vaadatakse tagasi sarja ilmumise ajalukku - Jakob Hurda esimestest kogudest ja nende koostamispõhimõtetest alates, visandatakse ka tulevikuplaane

  7. Morrise müstiline maailm / Jaanika Palm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palm, Jaanika, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Retr. rmt.: Birck, Jan. Salaagent Morris ja vana tuuleveski saladus : põnevik piltides ; Salaagent Morris : hommikusöök võib oodata! : põnevik piltides (saksa keelest tõlkinud Kaja Ziegler. Tallinn : Grenader, 2007)

  8. Tolko ljubov! / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Vana Viru hotelli fuajees avati maali- ja skulptuurinäitus. Korraldajaks on SED ARTE Gallery, galerist Olga Ljubaskina. 16 osaleja hulgas on Anatoli Strahhov, Sergei Jantshenko, Iris Uuk, Aivar Rihkrand, Vera Stanishevskaja, Vladimir Baciu ja skulptor Tauno Kangro

  9. Viis raamatutäit poola näidendeid / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Tõlkija Hendrik Lindepuult ilmus viies tõlkekogumik poola dramaturgia tippteoseid tutvustavast sarjast. Seekord said kaante vahele Tadeusz Rozewiczi näidendid "Valge abielu", "Lõks" ja "Vana naine haub"

  10. Arendajad asuvad julgelt uute projektide kallale / Tea Taruste ; kommenteerinud Andres Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taruste, Tea

    2010-01-01

    Arco Vara ehitab kortermaju Tallinnas Kodukolde elurajooni ning on alustanud Kodukolde uue etapi korterite müüki, NCC alustas Vana-Kuuli III etapi ehitust ning jätkab Pärnaõue elamuprojekti arendust

  11. "Ja govorju : iskusstvo!" / Anastasia Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Anastasia

    2006-01-01

    Tartu kunstikuu 2006 avamisest ja üritustest. Peakorraldajaks on Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, üldjuht Katrin Ruus. Kunstikuu staabiks on Tartu vana kaubamaja. Raeplatsil avati Kirke Kangro valmistatud jääskulptuur

  12. Translating ancient Greek aspect: Sappho's Fr. 1 Voigt / Janika Päll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Päll, Janika, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Vana-kreeka keele aspektist, selle kasutamisest ja tõlkimisprobleemidest Sappho luuletuse tõlkeid analüüsides. Lisas toodud ka Sappho luuletus originaalkeeles, tõlked ladina, eesti, inglise, saksa, itaalia, prantsuse ja vene keelde

  13. Presence of Glycopeptide-Encoding Plasmids in Enterococcal Isolates from Food and Humans in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Migura, Lourdes Garcia; Valenzuela, Antonio Jesus Sanchez; Jensen, Lars Bogø

    2011-01-01

    developed techniques for classification of plasmids. Replicons associated with sex pheromone-inducible plasmids were detected in all GR E. faecalis, whereas GR Enterococcus faecium contained plasmids known to be widely distributed among enterococci. vanA resistance is common in E. faecium isolates from meat...... and animals in Europe and is rarely found in E. faecalis. This article describes the first characterization of MGE from vanA mediated E. faecalis, thus linking this resistance genotype to pheromone responding plasmids....

  14. Genomic organization of a vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mirani, A.Z.; Jamil, N.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To study the genomic organization of vancomycin resistance in a local isolate of vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA). Study Design: Experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, January 2008 through December 2010. Methodology: A vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA-CP2) isolate (MIC 16 mu g/ml) was isolated from a local hospital of Karachi. Species identification was confirmed by Gram staining, standard biochemical tests and PCR amplification of the nuc gene. The vancomycin MIC was re-confirmed by E-test. For the genetic determination of vancomycin resistance, in-vitro amplification of vanA cassette was performed by using plasmid DNA of CP2, CP2's transformant as template on MWG Thermo-Cycler. Amplified products of vanR, vanS, vanH, vanA, vanY, orf2, orf1D, orf2E, orf-Rev and IS element genes were subjected to Sanger's electrophoresis based sequence determination using specific primers. The Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) algorithm was used to identify sequences in GenBank with similarities to the vanA cassette genes. Results: The vancomycin-resistant isolate CP2 was found to be resistant to oxacillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, rifampicin, gentamicin, tetracycline and ciprofloxacin, as well. The isolate CP2 revealed four bands: one of large molecular size approx 56.4 kb and three of small size approx 6.5 kb, approx 6.1 kb and approx 1.5 kb by agarose gel electrophoresis indicating the presence of 3 plasmids. The plasmid DNA of isolate CP2 was analyzed by PCR for the presence of the van cassettes with each of the vanA , vanB and vanC specific primers. It carried vanA cassette, which comprises of vanR, vanS, vanH, vanA, vanY, and orf2. The vanA cassette of isolate CP2 also carried an insertion element (IS). However, it did not show the PCR product for orf1. Vancomycin resistance was successfully transferred from the donor CP2 to a vancomycin-sensitive recipient S

  15. Molecular characterization of van genes found in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. isolated from Hospital das Clínicas, FMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.H. Caiaffa Filho

    Full Text Available Vancomycin-resistant enterococci strains (VRE is an important pathogen related with hospital infections in many countries, presenting limited or no therapeutic options for treating serious infections. VRE has presented some different genotypes been VanA and VanB considered to be the most important in hospital environments. In the present study the authors investigated the prevalence of van genes (A, B an C among clinical isolates of VRE in a five month period at a large tertiary hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The results showed the presence of vanA, but not vanB or vanC in all 43 strains of E. faecalis and five E. faecium studied. The results bring an important issue, due to the possibility of resistance spread of vanA genes, to be monitored and solved by the hospital infection control team and the microbiology and molecular biology laboratories at tertiary Hospitals.

  16. Characterization of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VREF) isolate from a dog with mastitis: further evidence of a clonal lineage of VREF in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manson, Janet M; Keis, Stefanie; Smith, John M B; Cook, Gregory M

    2003-07-01

    We report here on the characterization of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VREF) isolated from a dog with mastitis. The isolate was positive for the vanA, ermB, and tet(M) genes, with vanA and ermB carried on the same transferable plasmid. Comparison of this isolate with VREF from poultry and human sources in New Zealand demonstrated identical SmaI macrorestriction patterns and Tn1546-like elements. This is further evidence of a clonal lineage of VREF in New Zealand.

  17. Mõõtke kulusid õigesti - tehke õigeid otsuseid / Robin Cooper, Robert S Kaplan, Leonard L Berry...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tegevuspõhise kuluarvestussüsteemi tutvustus. Kulude jaotumine tegevuspõhist kuluarvestussüsteemi arvesse võttes. Tabelid: Kuidas tegevuspõhine kuluarvestus muudab toote kasumlikkust; kasumi jagunemine kommerts-turustuskanalite kaupa: vana ja uus süsteem

  18. Kulturu delajut na zavodah / Alina Zelimhanova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zelimhanova, Alina

    2005-01-01

    Kultuuritehase projektijuht Madis Mikkor Tallinnas Põhja puiesteel asuvast muinsuskaitse all olevast elektrijaama katlamajast, kuhu peatselt kolib kultuuritehas Polymer. Katlamaja plaanitakse avada augustis. Selleks ajaks seatakse sisse valgustus. Hoonete põhjalikum renoveerimine algab 2007. a., kusjuures säilitatakse vana tööstusmiljöö

  19. Miljardär Ita Ever / Einar Ellermaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ellermaa, Einar, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Näitleja Ita Everi 75. sünnipäevaks esilinastus mängufilm (või telelavastus) "Vana daami visiit" : režissöör Roman Baskin : stsenaristid Roman Baskin, Ilmar Raag : peaosades Ita Ever ja Aarne Üksküla

  20. Ita Ever saab pojalt kingiks filmi / Ada Maltseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maltseva, Ada, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Näitleja Ita Everi 75-ndaks sünnipäevaks jõuab ekraanile mängufilm "Vana daami visiit" : stsenaristid Roman Baskin, Ilmar Raag : režissöör Roman Baskin : MTÜ Kell Kümme koostöös ETV ja Exitfilmiga, Kultuurkapital. Filmi võtteplatsil toimunust

  1. Sajandilõpu ootesaal / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna sadama C-terminali juurdeehitus. Projekteeris arhitektuuribüroo Muru & Pere. Mõni aasta tagasi projekteeris Peeter Pere vana tööstushoone ümberehituse terminaliks. Juurdeehitus lisas sellele suurema ootesaali teisel pool piirivalvekontrolli. Klaasseintega paviljon plekkmaja küljes on kerge ehitis, mida kasutatakse soojemal ajal.

  2. Kuus, kes kuidagi kokku ei saa / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    1999-01-01

    Arvustus: Merca [Jääger, Merle]. Vana libu hommik; Ruitlane, Olavi. Inemise sisu; Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Päike ja lamp; Ilves, Aapo. Üks pedajas; Pai, Tiina. Armastab mõrvatud haldjaid; Tamme, Villu. Sorlimeki plät. Kõik : Tartu : Eesti Kostabi $eltsi Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskus, 1998

  3. Commensuration and policy comparison: How the use of standardized indicators affects the rankings of pension system / Hans Peeters, Gert Verschraegen, Annelies Debels

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peeters, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Artikkel käsitleb standardiseertud indikaatorite konstrueerimist ja kasutamist pensionipoliitikas, mis aitavad võrrelda ja hinnata eri OECD liikmesriikide pensionisüsteemide sotsiaalset tulemuslikkust, nt vaesusriski vähendamine või elustandardi säilitamine vanas eas. Teiste seas on vaatluse all ka Eesti. Joonised

  4. Filmikunsti kolm palet / Andres Maimik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimik, Andres, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna filmifestival linastunud mängufilmid "Reekviem" : režissöör Alain Tanner : Šveits - Prantsusmaa - Portugal 1998, "Õnnelikult koos" : režissöör Wong Kar-Wai : Hongkong 1997 ja "Tuntud vana laul" : režissöör Alain Resnais : Prantsusmaa - Šveits - Suurbritannia 1997

  5. Vene draamateatri maja avatakse mais endisaegses hiilguses / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Vene draamateatri, endise esinduskino "Gloria Palace'i" rekonstrueerimisest ja juurdeehitusest. Saali rekonstrueerimistöid teeb OÜ Vana Tallinn koostöös KAR-Grupiga, juurdeehituse projekteeris arhitekt Ra Luhse büroost Luhse ja Tuhal. Läti arhitekti Fridrihs Skujinsi projekteeritud "Gloria Palace" valmis 1926. a. Kommentaar "Pealinna esinduskino mall võeti Riiast"

  6. На Модной улице Baltika можно купить новинки эстонских брендов / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2009-01-01

    Kontsern Baltika Grupp avas vanas tehasehoones Veerenni tänaval kaupluse Moetänav, kus müüakse firma kõigi kaubamärkide tooteid ja on avatud ka ReUse Republik kauplus. Tutvustatakse kaubamärkide Monton, Mosaic, Ivo Nikkolo ja Baltman uudistoodangut

  7. Suvised suured rockifestivalid / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2008-01-01

    Lühiülevaade suvistest festivalidest: Rabarock 13. ja 14. juunil Järvakandis, Hard Rock Laager 27. ja 28. juunil Vana-Vigalas, Plink Plonk 19. juulil Tartu lauluväljaku kõrval, Punk'n Roll 22. ja 23. augustil Kilingi-Nõmmel

  8. Võim - vahel ka vahetuskaup leiva ja tsirkuse eest / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    Võim on oma absoluutses variandis olnud minevikus sageli vahetuskaubaks. Näiteid Vana Roomast. Võimu loovutamisest. Tänapäeva kontekstis on üldtuntud seos võimu ja informatsiooni vahel. Sageli on võim teostanud end hirmu vahendusel

  9. Vanillin Catabolism in Rhodococcus jostii RHA1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hao-Ping; Chow, Mindy; Liu, Chi-Chun; Lau, Alice; Liu, Jie

    2012-01-01

    Genes encoding vanillin dehydrogenase (vdh) and vanillate O-demethylase (vanAB) were identified in Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 using gene disruption and enzyme activities. During growth on vanillin or vanillate, vanA was highly upregulated while vdh was not. This study contributes to our understanding of lignin degradation by RHA1 and other actinomycetes. PMID:22057861

  10. Valge loss Pedja kaldal : [Puurmani loss] / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2010-01-01

    Puurmani lossi restaureerimine hakkab lõpule jõudma. Maja avamispidu on novembris 2010. Restaureerimiskontseptsiooni ja põhiprojekti koostas Anu Kulbach, ehitaja AS Tevo, restaureerijad OÜ Vana Tallinn, Tartu Kõrgem Kunstikool, esimese korruse sisekujundus AS Restor, autor Reet Saluvere

  11. Avangardist Lapini arved Nõukogude võimuga / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2006-01-01

    Mitmekülgse kunstniku Leonhard Lapini tegemistest 1960-1970. aastatel. Illustratsiooniks iroonilised, vana režiimiga arveid õiendavad tööd sarjast "Märkide konversatsioon: "Suprematism ja sotsialism", "Sõna ja tegu" ja "Molotov-Ribbentrop I"". Siiditrükk, 1990. Eesti Kunstimuuseum

  12. Antonio Machado y Ruiz (1875-1939) / koost. ja tlk. Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Hispaania luuletajast Antonio Machadost. Sisaldab ka autori luuletusi "Vanasõnad ja laulud XXIX", "Kas mu süda on uinunud?", "Kõrgmaa laulud", "Tuul, toreda päeva tuul", "Eile öösel nägin und", "Neli luuletust"

  13. Elo Viidingu kommentaarid Berk Vaheri kommentaarile / Elo Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiding, Elo, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    Vt. ka Vaher, Berk. Mis teeb tuul müürile? : repriis Elo Viidingu sõnavõtule "Uued tuuled, vana vaev" (Looming 12/2000) // Sirp (2001) 12. jaan., lk. 6. Vastukaja: Vaher, Berk. Berk Vaheri kommentaarid Elo Viidingu kommentaaridele // Sirp (2001) 19. jaan., lk. 13

  14. Der Wiederaufbau Narvas nach 1944 und die Utopie der "sozialistischen Stadt" / Karsten Brüggemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brüggemann, Karsten, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Nõukoguliku arhitektuuripoliitika põhimõtetest, "sotsialistliku linna" teoreetilisest ideaalist ja selle ideaali praktilisest teostusest Narvas. Narva vanalinna saatusest. 1944. aastal asuti vana Narva kohale rajama sisuliselt uut linna, Narva ehitamist mõjutas eelkõige asjaolu, et seal sai alguse uraanitootmine NSV Liidus

  15. Links of the population of western Finland and Estonia with the central Ilmen region in the context of international trade in the Baltic Sea region in the 9th-10th century / Evgeny N. Nosov, Natalia V. Khvoshchiskaya

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nosov, Evgeny N.

    2006-01-01

    Ilmeni piirkonnast (peamiselt Rjuriku linnusest) leitud soomeugri maailma erinevate piirkondadega seotud leidudest. Vaadeldavad leiud liikusid mööda Rootsit, Lääne-Soomet, Põhja-Eestit, Vana-Laadogat ja Volhovi ülemjooksu ühendavat teed, mis on teada 13. saj. kirjalikest allikatest. Kõnesoleval kaubamagistraalil etendas erilist kohta Iru linnus

  16. Restoran Museum = Museum Restaurant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Vana-Viru 14 asuva restorani Museum sisekujundusest. Sisearhitekt Toomas Korb, tema tähtsamate tööde loetelu. Varem paiknes nendes ruumides tuletõrjemuuseum, endiseid asukaid meenutavad raamitud mustvalged fotod. Ruumi ilmestavad Tom Dixoni loodud kuulvalgustid

  17. Oot-Oot, mis asjad need on? / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli üliõpilaste Marko Ala ja Joonas Torimi loomingust, kaubamärgi Oot-Oot all disainitud toodetest ja väljapanekust Tartu sisustusmessil. Oot-Oot'i põhiprintsiibiks on valmis objektide ja vana mööbli ootamatu ärakasuramine

  18. Ülemiste City maastikukujundus / Ülle Grišakov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grišakov, Ülle, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Esimene Tallinna erapark, ainulaadne projekt, mis kombineerib vana industriaalarhitektuuri uute hoonetega ning linnamaastiku värskete lahendustega. Säilitatud on kõrghaljastus. Projekti autorid on Olga Borisik, Triin Järve ja Ülle Grišakov OÜ Kivisilla, 2005

  19. Maydellide järeltulija teeb filmi oma juurtest / Maire Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Maire, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Eestis, sh Raplamaal viibis Hollandis Haarlemi ülikoolis teletööd õppiv Maydellide järeltulija Sarah Albert, kes teeb koolitööna dokumentaalfilmi oma juurtest. Külaskäigust vanas mõisahoones asuvasse Maidla lastekodusse, Teenuse mõisa, Kullamaa kirikusse ja kalmistule ning Päri mõisa

  20. Interventsiooni paratamatus kaheksa aastat hiljem = The Inevitability of Intervention Eight Years Later / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Uue ning vana arhitektuuri koostoimimisest Eestis. Näiteks toodud hotelli "Telegraaf" juurdeehitus (arhitekt Martin Aunin), nelikmaja (AB Kosmos, 2007) Rotermanni kvartalis, Fahle Maja (KOKO Arhitektid, 2002-2006) Tallinnas, Pärnu kesklinna koolide võimla (Kavakava, 2004-2006), TÜ Narva Kolledzhi 2006. a. arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö (arhitektid Siiri Vallner, Katrin Koov, Indrek Peil). Bibliograafia lk. 19

  1. Tartu linnaraamatukogu ja kunstikuu peakorraldaja Tartu kõrgema kunstikooli koostöös jõuab 27. ja 28. I vanasse kaubamajja kirjandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Tartu vanas kaubamajas kohtuvad 27. I lastega raamatu "Seitse mütsikest" autorid kirjanik Lehte Hainsalu ja illustraator Lea Malin. 28. I astuvad kavaga "Kahjulik õhtu" publiku ette fs ja Asko Künnap, heli Heikki Kallelt. Esilinastub Jaan-Jürgen Klausi portreefilm "Erakpoeet Marko Kompus"

  2. Gut Alp im Kirchspiel St. Matthäi, Jerwen : Albu mõis, Järva-Madise kihelkond, Järvamaa / Konrad Heilmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heilmann, Konrad

    2006-01-01

    Albu mõis on vanim ordumõis Järvamaal, esmakordselt mainitud 1282. Mõisast, selle lähiümbrsusest ja omanikest läbi ajaloo. 1995-2000 restaureerimise käigus 200 aastat vana krohvikorra alt avastatud seinamaalingutest

  3. Nullpunkti kerkib eliitklassi ärihoone / Lauri Leet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas 2007. a. sügisest käiva Metro Plaza ärihoone ehitust tutvustab projektijuht Kuldar Gil. Vastavalt muinsuskaitselistele nõudmistele säilitati vana hoone fassaadiosa. Hoone klaasfassaadi valguskujundusest. Ehitab Facio Ehituse AS. Arhitektuurne projekt: KOKO Arhitektid OÜ. Konstruktiivse osa projekteerija: Neoprojekt. Hoone kavandamist tutvustab arhitekt Raivo Kotov

  4. Linnast maale ja edasi = From city to country and beyond / Jaan Tiidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiidemann, Jaan

    2012-01-01

    Tähevälja eramu (593 m²) Kiiu-Aabla külas Lahemaal. Vana puhkebaasi hoonete rekonstrueerimine. Autor ja projekteerija Martin Aunin. Sisearhitekt Tiit Jürna. Vaatetorn: Martin Aunin, Martin Melioranski. Arhitektuurivõistlus: 2009, projekt: 2011, valmis: 2013. Hoone sobivusest rannakülla

  5. Kiht-kihilt tapeetidest / Kadri Kallaste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallaste, Kadri, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Restauraator Kadri Kallaste ajalooliste tapeetide väärtusest, vanade tapeetide uurimise ja materjali kogumise vajalikkusest Eestis. Inglismaa tapeedifirmast Cole & Son, mis toodab endiselt tapeete käsitsi vanu meetodeid kasutades. Firma arhiivist, mille teenuseid saavad kasutada kõik, kellel soov taastada vana interjöör ajastukohast seinakatet kasutades

  6. Raamat / Matis Rodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodin, Matis

    2012-01-01

    Raamatututvustus: Paulus, Karin. Tootedisain : asjad minu elus. Tallinn : Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, 2011; Vainküla, Tõnu, Pere, René. Vana mööbel korda oma kätega. [Tallinn] : Ajakirjade Kirjastus, 2012; Ruumipilt 2011 : Eesti parimad interjöörid ja disain / Eesti Sisearhitektide Liit ; toimetaja ja vastutav väljaandja Priit Põldme. Tallinn, 2012

  7. Kodust kehakinnitust Amanda Puhvetist / Vivika Veski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Vivika

    2007-01-01

    Psühhiaater Tiina Keldrimale kuuluvast Amanda Puhvetist Üdruma külas Läänemaal. Endisele kauplusehoonele ehitati juurde torn, mille I korrusel on ehtekunstnik Maarja Jõevee Käsitöökuur. Ruumid sisustati vana mööbli ja vanavaraga. Sisearhitekt Martti Ruus. 6 värv. vaadet

  8. Kohtuveskid jahvatavad / Kaija Uuskam; kommenteerinud Maario Laas, Ute Wohlrab

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Eesti Hobusekasvatajate Seltsi ja Vana-Tori Hobuse Ühingu vahelisest kohtuvaidlusest tori hobuse tõuraamatu pidamise õiguste üle. Veterinaar ja Toiduameti seisukohti antud küsimuses tutvustab Veterinaar- ja Toiduameti põllumajandusloomade aretuse ja turukorralduse osakonna juhataja Kaija Uuskam

  9. Männiku sotsiaalelamu = Social housing in Männiku / Peeter Pere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pere, Peeter, 1957-

    2012-01-01

    2012. a. Tallinnas Männiku tee 92 valminud inva- ja peremajutamiseks mõeldud sotsiaalelamu, vana ühiselamu ümberprojekteerimine. Arhitektid: Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Kaire Nõmm, kaasautorid: Ragnar Põllukivi, Andro Mänd, Kadri Klementi (Kavakava). Sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Projekt: 2010-2011

  10. О знаке "на кирпичах из Киева", опубликованном Б. А. Рыбаковым / Сергей Васильевич Белецкий

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Белецкий, Сергей Васильевич

    2014-01-01

    Boris Rõbakovi artiklist ajakirjas "Советская археология" 1940. a.; kolmharkmärgiga tellisel puudub seos Kiievi ja üldse Vana-Vene arhitektuurimälestiste ja vürstide heraldikaga (S. Beletski)

  11. Jalutuskäik Tallinna galeriides laupäeval, 17. XII / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Jaan Elkeni ja Anu Põdra ühisnäitus "Mina ja tema" Deco galeriis kuni 30. XII. Kristin Kalamehe näitus "Mehed" Tallinna Linnagaleriis kuni 1. I 2006. Alice Kase joonistused Hobusepea galeriis 13.-19. XII. Rita Raave näitus "Vana sein" G-galeriis kuni 31. XII

  12. Characterization of vancomycin-resistant and vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecium isolates from humans, chickens and pigs by RiboPrinting and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammerum, Anette Marie; Fussing, Vivian; Aarestrup, Frank Møller

    2000-01-01

    Forty-eight vancomycin-resistant and 35 vancomycin-sensitive Danish Enterococcus faecium isolates obtained from pigs, chickens and humans, as well as the human vanA reference isolate BM4147, were characterized by EcoRI RiboPrinting and Smal pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. RiboPrinting of the 84...

  13. Medieval socialist realism : Representations of Tallinn Old Town in Soviet Estonian Feature Films, 1969-1972 / Eva Näripea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Näripea, Eva

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna keskaegse vanalinna kujutamine Nõukogude Eesti mängufilmides : "Viimne reliikvia" (režii Grigori Kromanov, Tallinnfilm 1969), "Varastati Vana Toomas" (režii Semjon Shkolnikov, Tallinnfilm 1970), "Kolme katku vahel" (režii Virve Aruoja, Eesti Telefilm 1970), "Don Juan Tallinnas" (režii Arvo Kruusement, Tallinnfilm 1971), "Verekivi" (režii Madis Ojamaa, Tallinnfilm 1972)

  14. Läbi klaasi tähtede poole / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2011-01-01

    Meleski vanas klaasivabrikus Viljandimaal 6. augustil esietendunud Ugala teatri suvelavastusest "Läbi klaasi". Autor Mats Traat, lavastaja Priit Pedajas, kunstnik Liina Unt. Klaasitegemise osas andis nõu ja näitleja Aarne Sorole õpetas klaasipuhumist klaasikunstnik Eili Soon

  15. Ralf Tamm - unistaja tehismaastikul / Ralf Tamm ; interv. Aino Ingrid Sepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Ralf

    2008-01-01

    Eramuile spetsialiseerunud arhitekt Ralf Tamm sellest, miks ta eelistab projekteerida eramuid, eramust visiooni kujunemisest, betoonist, hea arhitektuuri loomise eeldustest, eesti arhitektuuri lähitulevikust, tuleviku töövahenditest, enda tööstiilist jm. Abikaasa disainer Angela Orgusaar Ralf Tammest. Eramu "Vana laev" tellija Tarmo Ojakääru kommentaar. 13 ill

  16. Nooruslik kaupmeheemand kavatseb äri laiendada / Hille Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Hille, 1941-2014

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 23. märts lk. 8. Tallinnas Vana-Kalamaja tänaval paikneva Alma Äri omanik Alma Sooäär avas oma esimese poe enam kui 15 aastat tagasi Nõmmel, praegu plaanib poeomanik majapidamistarvete äri laiendamist. Kaart: Alma Äri

  17. Tagasivaade veebruarikuu tegevusele Ehatares / Linda Püssa ; fotod: Linda Püssa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Püssa, Linda

    2009-01-01

    tegevusjuhi Rosemarie Lindau sünnipäevast, sõbrapäevast, EV aastapäeva tähistamisest Ehatare kirikusaalis ja Vana-Andrese kirikus, Inna ja Aadu Randpalule Eesti Punase Risti III klassi teenetemärgi andmisest

  18. Teatrihuviline kisub end täna õhtul lõhki / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    26. jaan. on Tartus võimalik vaadata järgmisi lavastusi - Sagar Sagitta "Ajatud" Tampere majas, Vanemuise "Adolf" Püssirohukeldris, Võru Teatriateljee "Ilma luuminõ @ muu äri" Sadamateatris ja Emajõe Suveteatri "Frankenstein" vanas anatoomikumis

  19. Eesti maalikunsti väljasuremist pole küll karta...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Maalikunstnike Liidu näitused. 17. juunil seinamaali konkurss Tallinna Kunstihoone hoovis. 18. juunist Kursi koolkonna uudislooming Raatuse galeriis, Eha Komissarovi kureeritud "Maal'99" Tallinna Kunstihoones, Ants Juske projekt "Uus ja vana narratsioon", mis ühendab maalilisuse, figuratiivsuse ja jutustuse eri kunstiliikides, Rotermanni soolalaos. Avamisel trio "Fragile" happening

  20. Euroopa puuduv visioon / Guy Sorman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sorman, Guy

    2010-01-01

    EL suuremate riikide valitsusjuhtide populaarsus on langenud, autor usub, et selle peapõhjus on suutmatus oma kodanikele selgitada, mis juhtus ja mis juhtub. Abitud on selgitused eelarvekärbete vajaduse kohta, ei suudeta selgitada reforme. Vana Euroopa on astunud tõsisesse heaoluriigi kriisi

  1. Kunst on vaimu avardumise üks keskseid koldeid / Peeter Maria Laurits ; interv. Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laurits, Peeter, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Peeter Laurits oma loomingust, näitustest "Voolav labürint" (koostöö Katzi ja Hollandi Pavlov Medialabiga) SEB Ühispanga galeriis, "Meistriteoste varjus" (koos Laurentsiusega) Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis, isikunäitusest "Vana labürint" ArtDepoos, autorikaitsest jm.

  2. Tallink Silja AB juht Kadri Land : eelistan entusiastlikke eksimusi lõputule ja laisale halale / Kadri Land ; interv. Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Tallink Silja AB juht vastab küsimustele, miks Tallink ei huvitu Sillamäe-Kotka või Saaremaa laevaliinist, mille poolest erineb Tallinki juhtimismeetod vana Silja omast, mida on eestlastel rootslastele õpetada, kas meie turismisektor suudab Eestit rootslastele ahvatlevaks muuta, miks Tallink Silja pole veel avanud Stockholm-Peterburi liini. Diagramm: Tallink Grupp

  3. Inimlikumat keskkonda otsima / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Hendrik, 1958-

    1986-01-01

    Mark Soosaare "Lasnamäe" ("Tallinnfilm", 1985), Andres Söödi "Exegi monumentum" ("Tallinnfilm", 1985), Heini Drui "Elu vanas linnas" ("Tallinnfilm", 1985), Indrek Kangru "Alevimaastikud" ("Eesti Telefilm", 1985) ja Mati Põldre "Väike-Õismäe - rõngaslinn" ("Eesti Telefilm", 1985)

  4. Sisustusmess annab ideid / Kätlin Viksne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viksne, Kätlin

    2011-01-01

    Sisustusmessist Interjöör 2011 ning aiandus- ja haljastusmessist Aiandus 2011 Eesti Näituste messikeskuses. Pikemalt projektidest "Vana hea"Hruštšovka"" (noore pere kodu ja modernse kodu kujundas Aet Piel), "Kirgas suvemaja" ja Eesti Kunstiakadeemia disainitudengite "Välknõuandla"

  5. Kolmnurgad vanalinna foonil / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroos Kosmos projekteeritud äripindadega kortermajast Tallinna vanalinnas Vana-Viru ja Aia tänava nurgal. Ühiskondlikud siseruumid kujundas Ivi-Els Schneider, ühe korteri Aivar Mühlbach, Lounge Butterfly Loreida Hein

  6. Raikküla mõisa ait-kuivatist ja selle taastamisest / Karen Klandorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klandorf, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Täpne valmimisaeg ei ole teada, kuid 1864. aastal on mainitud seda kui vana hoonet. 1909. aastal ehitati juurde kuivati. Mõisa ait-kuivati on traditsiooniline ehitis, mille muudavad erandlikuks pikkkaaristu ja hoone katusel ilutsev kellatorn. Kuivati esindab üht levinumat kuivatitüüpi. Restaureerimistööd kestsid 2008-2013.

  7. Palkmaja mõisahäärberiks / Ene Pajula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajula, Ene, 1950-

    2003-01-01

    Riguldi (Rickholtzi) mõisa ajaloost, omanikest, klassitsistlikust häärberist, kõrvalhoonetest. 1967. aastast kuulub Riguldi Tallinna 1. internaatkoolile. Vana kuivati on Taubede järeltulijad tagasi ostnud ja suvemajaks ümber ehitanud. Kommentaarid Lääne maakonna arhitektilt Tõnis Padult. 10 ill

  8. Ohtlik enesetsensuur? / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    1999-01-01

    18.-20. VIII Pärnus peetud konverentsist "Tsensuur ja enesetsensuur", mis keskendus totalitaristliku tsensuuri headele ja halbadele külgedele, enesealgatusliku tsensuuri tekkimisele vabaturu tingimustes ja enesetsensuurile vanas ja uues olukorras. Ettevõtte algataja M. Soosaar. J. Vidal-Halli, E. Lucie-Smithi, M. Lõhmuse, P. Linnapi, L. Lapini ja M. Soosaare ettekannetest

  9. Jaapani õnnetust Eestis juhtuda ei saaks. Tehnoloogia on uuenenud / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Rootsi Kuningliku Tehnikaülikooli doktorantuuris tuumaohutuse uurimisega tegeleva Kaspar Kööbi väitel on välistatud, et Eesti tuumajaamas saaks juhtuda midagi sellist, nagu juhtus Jaapani tuumajaamas. Jaapani tuumajaama puhul on tegemist vana tehnoloogiaga. Eestile kui väikeriigile sobiks Kööbi sõnul väiksem nn. mooduljaam

  10. B nulevoi totshke Tallina vozdvigajetsja delovoje zdanije elitnogo klassa / Lauri Leet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leet, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas 2007. a. sügisest käiva Metro Plaza ärihoone ehitust tutvustab projektijuht Kuldar Gil. Vastavalt muinsuskaitselistele nõudmistele säilitati vana hoone fassaadiosa. Hoone klaasfassaadi valguskujundusest. Ehitab Facio Ehituse AS. Arhitektuurne projekt: KOKO Arhitektid OÜ. Konstruktiivse osa projekteerija: Neoprojekt. Hoone kavandamist tutvustab arhitekt Raivo Kotov

  11. Lutheri mööblivabriku renoveerimine korterelamuks = Renovation of the Luther furniture factory into an apartment building / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Vana-Lõuna 39 ja 39a asuva hoone (Aleksei Bubõr, Nikolai Vassiljev, 1912) muinsuskaitse eritingimused koostas Monika Eensalu, vastutav arhitekt Rasmus Tamme, arhitektid Andrei Pleskatšov, Jaanus Saarepera ja Evelin Eelma, sisearhitektid Reio Raudsepp, Eero Jürgenson (projektijuht) ja Liina Kink. Žürii hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud hoonele

  12. Villu Kangur : uus naljasari on elust enesest / Merike Kungla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kungla, Merike

    2005-01-01

    Vana-aasta õhtul läheb Eesti Televisioonis eetrisse esimene osa kodumaisest komöödiasarjast "Hajameelselt abielus". Stsenaristid on Gert Kiiler ja Villu Kangur. Lavastavad Üllar Saaremäe ja Tõnu Oja. Sarja tootjafirma on Umberto Productions. Stsenarist Villu Kangur sarjast

  13. Aastavahetus toob ekraanile uue meelelahutussarja / Rannar Raba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raba, Rannar, 1979-

    2005-01-01

    Vana-aasta õhtul läheb Eesti Televisioonis eetrisse esimene osa kodumaisest komöödiasarjast "Hajameelselt abielus". Stsenaristid on Gert Kiiler ja Villu Kangur. Lavastavad Üllar Saaremäe ja Tõnu Oja. Sarja tootjafirma on Umberto Productions

  14. Archaeological excavations on the plot of the old department store in Tartu, Riia Street 2 / Rünno Vissak, Eero Heinloo, Silja Möllits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vissak, Rünno, 1962-

    2015-01-01

    Vana Kaubamaja kvartali kasutus intensiivistus 14. saj. lõpus, mil uuendati olemasolevaid ja rajati uusi piirikraave. Lühiajaline paus piirkonna asustuses toimus Vene-Liivi sõja ajal. 17. sajandil tastatud puithoone viitab asustuse järjepidevusele. Hiljemalt aastaks 1732 on kinnistule ehitatud uus puithoone, mis püsib kasutusel vähemalt 19. sajandi alguseni

  15. Tallinna moenädala staarid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna moenädalal (Tallinn Fashion Week) 01.-08. nov. 2008. a. Rotermanni kvartali uues ja vanas jahulaos esitlevad oma rõivakollektsioone Kirill Safonov, Triinu Pungits, Ketlin Bachmann-Põldroos, Aldo Järvsoo, Ksenia Jedomskihh, Kalle Aasamäe. Moekunstnikud tutvustavad oma kollektsioonide ideed. Samal teemal lk. 6 sõnum "Tallinnal oma moenädal"

  16. Metro Plaza za fasadom Rotermanna / Viktoria Jürmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürmann, Viktoria

    2008-01-01

    Pandi nurgakivi Tallinnas Viru väljaku äärde rajatavale büroohoonele Metro Plaza. Säilitatakse vana fassaad, mille tõttu kujuneb hoone Viru väljaku ja Mere puiestee poolsel küljel kaetud galerii jalakäijatele. Projekteerisid Raivo Kotov ja Kaur Stöör

  17. Läksin nurme, olen õis : Lillelood vol 1 : [jutud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Minu esimesed lilled / Leida Oeselg ; Olen maikelluke / Maili Erastus ; "Olin veel nooruke..." / Mall Hiiemäe ; "Abiellusin teist korda..." / Maie Laadoga ; "Minu lemmiklilled on nelgid..." / Selma Vasar ; "Õppides sõja-aastatel..:" / Heinrich Kruup ; "Vanasõna ütleb..." / Asta Rinne

  18. Eesti arhitektuuriuudised / Aale Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Aale

    2007-01-01

    "Eesti betoonehitis 2006" preemia saanud Hindrek Kesleri projekteeritud Luku-Experdi maja Tartu maanteel (Büroo AB Zero), Aasa külalistemajaks Raivo Mändmaa poolt renoveeritud vana maja Viljandis, skulptor Jass Kaselaane kavandite järgi valminud maasikad Viljandi linnas, mis tähistavad teed Paul Kondase keskusesse, põhumaja Nina külas

  19. Pilistvere rehehoones tapetakse Rasputin / Kaarel Aluoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aluoja, Kaarel

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietendunud Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse tõi välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  20. Rasputin - lugu rahva latvade juurimisest / Kati Murutar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murutar, Kati, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietendunud Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse tõi välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  1. Pilistveres saab homme kohtuda Rasputiniga / Ülle Lätte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lätte, Ülle, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietenduvast Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse toob välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  2. Ellunäod toovad välja "Rasputini" / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietenduvast Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse toob välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  3. Pilistveres tegutseb Rasputin / Margus Haav

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haav, Margus, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietenduvast Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse toob välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  4. Rasputin : Rahvakese jaoks on vaja elada / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. Pilistvere vanas rehehoones esietendunud Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükist "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse tõi välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar

  5. Kaheksas maailmaime asus Sri Lanka saarel / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2000-01-01

    Sigiriya Lõvikalju on 370 meetri kõrgune kaljurahn keset dzunglit, mille tipus asunud lossist on säilinud kuninglik trooniiste vaatega kümnete kilomeetrite kaugusele ning 1500 aastat vana ujumisbassein siiani töökorras veevärgiga

  6. Molecular characterization of vanA-containing Enterococcus from migratory birds: song thrush (Turdus philomelos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Silva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE were detected in two faecal samples (1.3% of song thrush in Portugal. vanA isolates showed high level vancomycin/teicoplanin resistance, as well as resistance to ciprofloxacin, quinupristin-dalfopristin and cloranfenicol. Thrush can be a reservoir of VRE and transmit these resistant bacteria to other animals including humans.

  7. Siinpool jõge - sealpool jõge : mõne Emajõe-äärse koha loost / Mare Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalda, Mare, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Võnnu kihelkonnas üles kirjutatud ja Emajõega seotud juttudest, mille sündmuskohaks on endine Kantsi kõrts Alevi külas, Linnamägi Vana-Kastres ja Rootsi laevastiku lipulaeva "Carolus" hukkumiskoht Emajões Kantsi kõrtsi lähedal

  8. Kaduvusele kalduvad alternatiivid majas nr. 0 / Andreas Trossek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstnikekoloonia (Delphine Reist, Laurent Faulon, Sebastien Perroud) ja viiuldaja Mathieu Werchowsky Tallinnas valminud installatsiooninäitus "Neli laulu Siivile" vanas Kalinini tehasehoones 7.-12. juunini. Kunstnikud jätavad installatsiooni saatuse hooleks ja lähevad mujale

  9. Avati Deco Galerii Boutique

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eragalerii Deco asutajad Epp ja Tiit Rebane avasid Vana-Posti 2 Deco Galerii Boutique, kus pakutakse vaadata ja müüa minimaali, -graafikat ja vitraaže (loetletud kunstnikke). Kadriorus asunud Deco lõpetas tegevuse rendilepingu lõppemise tõttu

  10. "Nu, pogodi!" vozvrashtshajetsja / Tatjana Rostova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rostova, Tatjana

    2005-01-01

    Populaarsele vene animafilmile "Oota sa!" ("Nu, pogodi!") valmis stuudios Christmas Films uus, 19. osa, mis tuleb ekraanile novembris. Filmi stsenarist on Aleksandr Kurljandski ja režissöör vana multifilmi tegija režissöör Vjatsheslav Kotjonotshkini poeg Aleksei

  11. Tubakamüüja süüdistab riiki kahju tekitamises / Kadrin Karner ; kommenteerinud Hille Reinhold

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2010-01-01

    British American Tobacco Estonia ja Eesti Kaupmeeste Liit taotlesid riigilt vana maksumärgiga tubakatoodete müümistähtaja pikendamist kolmelt kuult kuuele. Kuna valitsus ettepanekut ei toetanud, leiab firma, et riik tekitas neile kahju 6,6 miljonit krooni

  12. Presidendi kingitud auto seisab lageda taeva all / Piret Pert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pert, Piret

    2002-01-01

    President Meri vana ametiauto, mis kingiti Kaitseliidule, seisab teist nädalat lageda taeva all, sest seda pole uue omaniku nimele ümber registreeritud. Kommenteerivad Kaitseliidu pressiesindaja Merle Ott ja president Arnold Rüütli pressinõunik Ester Shank

  13. Kallis reostuse avastamise seade ähvardab jääda tolmu koguma / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Eelarvekärbete tõttu puudub siseministeeriumil raha, et saada luba hakata pärast piirivalve lennusalga vana kopteri MI-8 kasutusaja täis saamist edaspidi õlireostuste avastamiseks muretsetud Lidar-seadet vedama olemasolevate Augusta Westland 139 kopterite või lennuki L-410 pardal

  14. Improvizatsija v svetlõh tonah... / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina

    2008-01-01

    Kohtla-Järvel elava kunstniku Sergei Jatsenko maalinäitus "Improvisatsioon" Tallinnas Vana Viru hotellis. Näha on natüürmordid, maastikud ja naiste portreed. Kuraator on Olga Ljubaskina (galerii Sed Arte). Sergei Jatsenko on Vene Kunstnike Ühenduse liige. Kunstnikust

  15. Üleajateenijate elamu vaated, u 1935 = Soldier's quarters, ca 1935 / Roman Koolmar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koolmar, Roman, 1904-1971

    2015-01-01

    Lasnamäe lennubaasi elumajad valmisid ca 1936 (projekt 1935). Välisvaated Tallinnas Narva mnt ja Vana-Kuuli tänava nurgal paiknenud üleajateenijate ja ohvitseride elumajadest, korruseplaanid. Hooned on lammutatud. Lk. 49 aerofoto lennubaasist 1930-ndate lõpus

  16. Pahaendeline pragmatism / Enn Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Enn, 1937-2010

    2008-01-01

    Vana Maailma kõlbeline kollaps oli see, mis lasi Euroopas tekkida ja võimust võtta XX sajandi totalitaarsetel režiimidel. Ohtu peame tajuma siis, kui huvide taha peidetakse riigi imperialistlikud ambitsioonid või merkantiilne saamahimu. Ilmunud ka Lääne Elu 18. okt. lk. 2

  17. "Minagi olin Arkaadia teel..." / Juhan Maiste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maiste, Juhan, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Pargist kui mõtlemise kahest kategooriast (Platon ja Aristoteles), selle semiootilisest tähendusest alates tsivilisatsiooni algusest, parkide ajaloost vanas Kreekas, Roomas, Araabias ja Euroopas 19. sajandini, ka mõisatest ja mõisaparkidest kui kultuurinähtusest Baltimaadel

  18. Galeriid / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    1999-01-01

    Allen Jonesi litograafiate näitus galeriis "Vaal". Paul Rodgersi projektist Tartus Vanas anatoomikumis. Aili Vahtrapuu "Vee ruum" ja Jaak Soansi "Projektsioonid" Kunstihoone galeriis. Skulptorite ühenduse ideenäitus "Akvaarium" Rotermanni soolalao keldrisaalis. Idee autor Terje Ojaver.

  19. Interaktiivne kunst Tartus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Paul Rodgersi kureeritud rahvusvaheline kohaspetsiifiline näitus 'Tartu anatoomikum' 22.-24. X Tartus Toomemäel vanas anatoomikumis. Osalesid 14 kunstnikku (loetletud) 8 riigist, Eestist Jaan Jaanisoo, Jüri Ojaver, Annika Tonts. Avamisel Aleksander Potolitsõni performance. Kunstiprojektiga kaasnes seminar

  20. President Toomas Hendrik Ilves Will Speak At Columbia University

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves esineb 22. septembril 2010 Columbia Ülikoolis kõnega ""Vana ja uus" Euroopa pärast Lissaboni lepingu jõustumist". Töövisiit Ameerika Ühendriikidesse 20.-27.09.2010

  1. Suvelõpu performance Karepal / Hannes Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Hannes, 1949-

    2015-01-01

    15. augustil 2009 Karepal Richard Sagritsa majamuuseumis toimunud performance'ist "Vana riist", milles osalesid Hannes Varblane, Jüri Ojaver, Alex Plutzer, Ilja Sundelevitš, Jaan Paavle, Üllar Saaremäe, Leonhard Lapin, väljapanekutega lisandusid Valeri Vinogradov ja Jaan Toomik. Projektijuht Teet Veispak

  2. Planeerimine algab kultuuriloo tundmisest / Riin Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Riin, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Viljandimaal Õisu mõisas 10.11.2011 toimunud seminarist "Kultuuriloost lähtuv planeerimine". Ettekannetest, 1. juunil jõustunud muinsuskaitseseaduse muudatustest. Õisu mõisa tulevikuplaanidest. Uuringute ja projektidega tegeleb OÜ Vana Tallinn, pargiga OÜ Artes Terrae

  3. Vanalinna Hariduskolleegiumi Gümnaasiumi õppehoone restaureerimine = Restoration of the academic building of the Old Town Educational College / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Vene 22 asuva hoone muinsuskaitse eritingimused koostas Aleksandr Pantelejev. Arhitekt Marie Hammer, sisearhitekt Tiiu Lõhmus (Vana Tallinn), arheoloog Villu Kadakas ja muinsuskaitselist järelevalvet teostanud Helve Ilves pälvisid restaureerimistöö eest arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2008. Žürii hinnang

  4. Tjomnõi tunnel : [luuletused] / Debora Vaarandi ; tlk. ja lühibiograafia: S. S. [Svetlan Semenenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarandi, Debora, 1916-2007

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Tjomnõi tunnel ; Prostõje veshtshi ; Kogda-to na jarmarke ; Daljoki, zabõtõi... ; Grustnaja pessenka ; Bõla bõ metla ; Kannel ; "Pri svete vetra..." ; "Hrestomatiinõje virshi..." ; Vnutrenni vid. Orig.: Tume tunnel ; Lihtsad asjad ; Vana laadalugu ; Kauge unustatud ; Kurb lauluke ; Luuata ; Kandlemängija ; "Tuule valgel..." ; "Krestomaatilised luuletused..." ; Sisevaade

  5. Pri svete vetra : Tjomnõi tunnel; Kogda-to na jarmarke; Daljoki, zabõtõi...; 'Hriplõi...'; Grustnaja pessenka; Bõla bõ metla...; Kannel; 'Pri svete vetra...'; Odnazhdõ; 'Kipariss...'; 'Na starom kostrisht'e...'; 'Vot spjashtshaja ja...'; 'Ser�

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarandi, Debora, 1916-2007

    1996-01-01

    Orig.: Tume tunnel; Vana laadalugu; Kauge unustatud; "See on..."; Kurb lauluke; Luuata; Kandlemängija; "Tuule valgel..."; Üks; "Küpress..."; "Magan tormis mis mujal..."; "Ööliblikaid halle ja maokaid..."; "naised on need..."; "Krestomaatsed luuletused..."; Sisevaade

  6. Aiamaja = Residential building in Aia street / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas vanalinna piiril Vana-Viru 13/Aia 4 asuva elamu arhitektuursest lahendusest. Arhitektid: Villem Tomiste, Ott Kadarik, Mihkel Tüür (AB Kosmos). Ajaloolane Liivi Künnapu. Žürii liige Kalle Komissarovi žürii hinnangust kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud hoonele

  7. Ida-igatsuse põhjapiir / Raivo Paltser

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paltser, Raivo

    2006-01-01

    Hiina traditsiooni järgija R. Paltseri nägemus Lääne inimese ihalusest Vana-Hiina kultuuri järele, kung-fust. Toodud mõningaid näiteid Soome ja Hiina mütoloogiat ühendavast fantaasiafilmist "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior"

  8. Kunstnikuks pühitsemine Hype Gallery's / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Londonis Old Truman Brewery galeriihoones Hewlett Packardi toetusel kunstiprojekt kuni 28. veebrarini 2004, mille raames loomingulised inimesed saavad end määratleda kunstnikuna. Ainus limiteeriv kriteerium on tähtede HP olemasolu pealkirjas. Kübergaleriisse saadetud töö prinditakse ja riputatakse vana õlletehase seintele

  9. Tallinna 21. kool : Tallinn, Raua tn. 6 = Tallinn School No. 21 : Raua Street 6, Tallinn / Piret Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindpere, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    1923. a. valminud koolihoone renoveerimine ja juurdeehitus.Vana ja uut maja ühendab klaaskatusega läbi korruste paiknev aatrium. Projekteerija: Raul Järg, AS Kommunaalprojekt. Autor Raul Järg. Sisekujundaja Toomas Korb (Pink). Konstruktsioonid: AS Kommunaalprojekt, OÜ Civen. Projekt 2002, valmis 2003. Uue osa I ja II korruse plaan, 7 vaadet

  10. "Puhastuse" esimesed osatäitjad teada / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti-Soome koostöös valmiva Antti Jokise filmis "Puhastus" mängib vana Aliidet Liisi Tandefelt, Aliidet nooruspäevil Laura Birn, Hansu Peter Franzén, Martinit Tommi Korpela, Aliide vanemaid Anne Reemann ja Elmo Nüganen

  11. Baskin : meil on nii - kuni räusata suudad, seni töötab / Roman Baskin ; interv. Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baskin, Roman, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Näitleja Ita Everi 75-ndal sünnipäeval 1.aprillil esilinastub mängufilm Friedrich Dürrenmatti näidendi ainetel "Vana daami visiit" : režissöör Roman Baskin : peaosas Ita Ever. Režissöör filmist, teatrist, kultuurist, maailma parandamisest... Lisa "Baskin poliitikutest"

  12. Põrgulikud piinad ja tingimusteta armastus / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Helsingis 17. korda toimuva festivali "Armastus ja Anarhia" kavas olnud filme - Takashi Miike "Üks vastamata kõne" ("One Missed Call"), korealase Park Chan-Wooki "Vana poiss" ("Old Boy") ja Jean-Luc Godardi "Meie muusika" ("Notre Musique")

  13. Soola päritolu / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2011-01-01

    Iiri kunstnike rühmituse Outrider Artists (Jackie Askew, Maeve Collins, Fiona Woods, Maria Kerin, Fiona O'Dwyer, Fergus Tighe) näitus "Salt" ("Sool") Tallinnas East Galeriis 20. märtsini 2011. Eesti kunstnike rühmitusest Vedelik, 6. märtsil peetud 9. märtsi tegevuskunsti festivalist Tallinnas galeriis Metropol (Vana-Kalamaja 46)

  14. Kümnes külateatrite festival on järgmisel aastal Raplamaal / Astra Põlma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põlma, Astra

    2009-01-01

    1.-3. maini 2009 Salme kultuurimajas toimunud 9. Külateatrite harrastusfestivalist, Vana-Vigala näitetrupi Topelt-Kiiks esinemisest, premeeritute loetelu. Grand prix' pälvis Jõelähtme näitetrupp etenduse "Biedermann ja tulesüütajad" eest. 10. Külateatrite festival toimub Raplamaal Märjamaa rahvamajas

  15. Kodu, kus elu käib päikese järgi / Airi Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Airi, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstnik Epp Margnale ja fotograaf Toomas Kalvele on hingelähedased maaelu ja maausk. Nende Hino talust Kanepi ja Otepää vahel. Vana maja otsa ehitas T. Kalve pooleldi klaasist ateljee. Talumaja muudavad värvikamaks E. Margna maalid vanal puidul. Koobassauna ehitamise plaanist. 11 värv. ill

  16. Kuressaare 2008. aasta parimad ehitised selgunud / kommenteerinud Hannes Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Parim terviklahendus golfiala (golfiväljaku projekteerija soome arhitekt Lassi Pekka Tilander, klubihoone projekteeris arhitektuuristuudio Siim & Kreis arhitekt Andres Siim). Parim uusehitis eramu Merikotka 45 (projekteerija Ösel Plan arhitekt Terje Truumaa) ja parim renoveeritud ehitis vana pritsumaja (Kuressaare Kommunaalprojekt projekteerija Galina Kanemägi)

  17. Suvelõpu performance Karepal / Hannes Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Hannes, 1949-

    2009-01-01

    15. augustil 2009 Karepal Richard Sagritsa majamuuseumis toimunud performance'ist "Vana riist", milles osalesid Hannes Varblane, Jüri Ojaver, Alex Plutzer, Ilja Sundelevitš, Jaan Paavle, Üllar Saaremäe, Leonhard Lapin, väljapanekutega lisandusid Valeri Vinogradov ja Jaan Toomik. Projektijuht Teet Veispak

  18. Molecular characterization of genes of Pseudomonas sp. strain HR199 involved in bioconversion of vanillin to protocatechuate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priefert, H; Rabenhorst, J; Steinbüchel, A

    1997-01-01

    The gene loci vdh, vanA, and vanB, which are involved in the bioconversion of vanillin to protocatechuate by Pseudomonas sp. strain HR199 (DSM 7063), were identified as the structural genes of a novel vanillin dehydrogenase (vdh) and the two subunits of a vanillate demethylase (vanA and vanB), respectively. These genes were localized on an EcoRI fragment (E230), which was cloned from a Pseudomonas sp. strain HR199 genomic library in the cosmid pVK100. The vdh gene was identified on a subfragment (HE35) of E230, and the vanA and vanB genes were localized on a different subfragment (H110) of E230. The nucleotide sequences of fragment HE35 and part of fragment H110 were determined, revealing open reading frames of 1062, 951, and 1446 bp, representing vanA, vanB, and vdh, respectively. The vdh gene was organized in one operon together with a fourth open reading frame (ORF2), of 735 bp, which was located upstream of vdh. The deduced amino acid sequences of vanA and vanB exhibited 78.8 and 62.1% amino acid identity, respectively, to the corresponding gene products from Pseudomonas sp. strain ATCC 19151 (F. Brunel and J. Davison, J. Bacteriol. 170:4924-4930, 1988). The deduced amino acid sequence of the vdh gene exhibited up to 35.3% amino acid identity to aldehyde dehydrogenases from different sources. The deduced amino acid sequence of ORF2 exhibited up to 28.4% amino acid identity to those of enoyl coenzyme A hydratases. Escherichia coli strains harboring fragment E230 cloned in pBluescript SK- converted vanillin to protocatechuate via vanillate, indicating the functional expression of vdh, vanA, and vanB in E. coli. High expression of vdh in E. coli was achieved with HE35 cloned in pBluescript SK-. The resulting recombinant strains converted vanillin to vanillate at a rate of up to 0.3 micromol per min per ml of culture. Transfer of vanA, vanB, and vdh to Alcaligenes eutrophus and to different Pseudomonas strains, which were unable to utilize vanillin or vanillate as

  19. Vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. from crows and their environment in metropolitan Washington State, USA: Is there a correlation between VRE positive crows and the environment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Marilyn C; No, David B; Marzluff, John M; Delap, Jack H; Turner, Robert

    2016-10-15

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci [VRE] have been isolated from municipal, hospital and agricultural wastewater, recreational beaches, wild animals, birds and food animals around the world. In this study, American crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) from sewage treatment plants (WWTP), dairy farms, and a large roost in a restored wetland with corresponding environmental samples were cultured for VRE. A total of 245 samples [156 crows, 89 environmental] were collected and screened for acquired vanA, vanB and/or intrinsic vanC1 genes. Samples were enriched overnight in BHI supplemented with 20μg/mL aztreonam, 4μg/mL vancomycin and plated on m-Enterococcus agar media supplemented with 6μg/mL vancomycin. Selected colonies were grown on BHI media supplemented with 18μg/mL vancomycin. Of these, 24.5% of the crow and 55% the environmental/cow samples were VRE positive as defined by Enterococcus spp. able to grow on media supplemented with 18μg/mL vancomycin. A total of 122 VRE isolates, 43 crow and 79 environmental isolates were screened, identified to species level using 16S sequencing and further characterized. Four vanA E. faecium and multiple vanC1 E. gallinarum were identified from crows isolated from three sites. E. faecium vanA and E. gallinarum vanC1 along with other Enterococcus spp. carrying vanA, vanB, vanC1 were isolated from three environments. All enterococci were multidrug resistant. Crows were more likely to carry vanA E. faecium than either the cow feces or wetland waters/soils. Comparing E. gallinarum vanC1 from crows and their environment would be useful in determining whether crows share VRE strains with their environment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Analysis of the world epidemiological situation among vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium infections and the current situation in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talaga-Ćwiertnia, Katarzyna; Bulanda, Małgorzata

    2018-01-01

    Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) strains have become an important hospital pathogen due to their rapid spread, high mortality rate associated with infections and limited therapeutic options. Vancomycin resistance is predominantly mediated by VanA or VanB phenotypes, which differ as regards maintaining sensitivity to teicoplanin in the VanB phenotype. The majority of VREfm cases in the United States, Europe, Korea, South America and Africa are currently caused by the VanA phenotype. However, the epidemics in Australia and Singapore are chiefly brought about by the VanB phenotype. The rate of VREfm isolate spread varies greatly. The greatest percentage of VREfm is now recorded in the USA, Ireland and Australia. Supervision of VRE is implemented to varying degrees. Therefore, the epidemiological situation in some countries is difficult to assess due to limited data or lack thereof.

  1. Transposon characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) and dissemination of resistance associated with transferable plasmids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Migura, Lourdes Garcia; Liebana, Ernesto; Jensen, Lars Bogø

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: VanA glycopeptide resistance has persisted on broiler farms in the UK despite the absence of the antimicrobial selective pressure, avoparcin. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of horizontal gene transfer of Tn 1546 versus clonal spread in the dissemination of the resist......Objectives: VanA glycopeptide resistance has persisted on broiler farms in the UK despite the absence of the antimicrobial selective pressure, avoparcin. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of horizontal gene transfer of Tn 1546 versus clonal spread in the dissemination...... plasmid replicons, associated with antimicrobial resistance on several unrelated farms. Conclusions: Horizontal transfer of vancomycin resistance may play a more important role in the persistence of antimicrobial resistance than clonal spread. The presence of different plasmid replicons, associated...... with antimicrobial resistance on several unrelated farms, illustrates the ability of these enterococci to acquire and disseminate mobile genetic elements within integrated livestock systems....

  2. Isa-ema maa : [luuletused] / Leelo Tungal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tungal, Leelo, 1947-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu: Isa-ema maa ; Vahetund ; Päkapikk võis näha ; Kodune jutt ; Koeruse mõõt ; mütsid ; Loomade laul ; Igal sügisel ; Väike jõulusoov ; Millal tuled, jõuluvana ; Paharet ; Suur õun ; Teiste laste mänguasjad ; Oi heldeke! ; Tere-tere ; Kui ma ... ; Magus tähestik ; Pluss ja miinus ; Pinalis ; Esimese klassi õpilane ; Teise klassi õpilane ; Miks on kana vana? ; Hommik ; Seitsme maa ja mere taga ; Köha pere ; Harjad ; Täna sügist mängib suvi ; Toas ; Laps jäi voodis magama ; Klassivennad ; Talvehommik ; Siili elu ; Hiirehernesupp ; Hundi lugemine ; Karu ärkamine ; Unelaul ; Salajutt ; Kooli eel ; Laiskvorsti elu ; Kindel plaan ; Oma kohal ; Puhkama ; Vana vahva lasteaed ; Sama laps ; Tüli

  3. Direct assessment of hepatic mitochondrial oxidative and anaplerotic fluxes in humans using dynamic 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Befroy, Douglas E; Perry, Rachel J; Jain, Nimit

    2014-01-01

    that rates of mitochondrial oxidation and anaplerosis in human liver can be directly determined noninvasively. Using this approach, we found the mean rates of hepatic tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle flux (VTCA) and anaplerotic flux (VANA) to be 0.43 ± 0.04 μmol g(-1) min(-1) and 0.60 ± 0.11 μmol g(-1) min(-1......), respectively, in twelve healthy, lean individuals. We also found the VANA/VTCA ratio to be 1.39 ± 0.22, which is severalfold lower than recently published estimates using an indirect approach. This method will be useful for understanding the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes...

  4. Typing of vancomycin-resistant enterococci from Danish hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lester, C H; Olsen, S S; Schønheyder, Henrik Carl

    2009-01-01

    locus sequence typing (MLST) was performed on the vancomycin-resistant E. faecium isolates. Results: The collection consisted of 45 E. faecium and 16 E. faecalis isolates which originated from 12 different hospitals. Thirty three of 45 E. faecium isolates were vanA positive and the remaining 12 isolates...... were vanB positive. All but one of the E. faecalis isolates contained the vanB gene (n = 15) and the remaining isolate contained the vanA gene. MLST of the 45 E. faecium isolates revealed 10 different sequence types (ST). The STs were ST18 (n = 21), ST203 (n = 8), ST78 (n = 3), ST192 (n = 3), ST412 (n...

  5. Eesti firmad olid esmakordselt messil Denkmal 2000 / üles kirjut. Ingrid Eylandt-Kuure

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Leipzigi messikeskuses 25.-28. X 2000. a. toimuva 4. muinsuskaitse ja linnauuenduse-alase messil oli ühisekspositsiooniga (põhiteemaks Tallinna tüüpiline elamu XV sajandist 1930. aastateni, boksi kujundaja Krista Veermets) väljas Eesti esindus: Tallinna Kultuuriväärtuste Amet, OÜ Arhitektuuribüroo Adrikorn & Rets, OÜ Vana Tallinn, AS KAR-Grupp. Messimuljeid

  6. Vihterpalu mõisa restaureerimine / Silja Konsa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Konsa, Silja

    2006-01-01

    Lühidalt mõisa ajaloost. 2001. a. omandas mõisa soomlasest ärimees Timo Lemberg. Peahoone remondi-restaureerimistöödest aastail 2001-2005. Uuringud, projekt, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: OÜ Vana Tallinn. Teostus: AS Suntee, krohvitööd Lindebergi Fassaadi OÜ, stuki ja maalingute restaureerimine AS KAR Grupp. Mõisas on puhke- ja konverentsikeskus. Välisvaade, 2 sisevaadet

  7. Baltimaad - kas "uue" Euroopa esmaasukad? / Jeroen Bult ; tõlk. Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2005-01-01

    Ajakirjanikud, teadlased ja rahvusvaheliste suhete analüütikud kasutavad "vana" ja "uue" Euroopa metafoori oma arutlustes Atlandi üleste pingete, Euroopa Liidu praeguse halvatuse ning sotsiaalmajanduslike probleemide üle, millega seisavad silmitsi EL-i suuremad liikmesriigid. See jaotus on omamoodi aluseks ka raamatule "The Baltic States And Their Region. New Europe Or Old? ". Raamatu aluseks on 2004. a. Glasgow's peetud samanimeline konverents

  8. Säästva renoveerimise meistrikursused : SRIK-Tallinn (Väike-Patarei 3, Tallinn) / Toomas Tallo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tallo, Toomas, 1940-

    2005-01-01

    Rein Tedrekulli koolitustsükkel (loengud Väike-Patarei 3, töötoad Liivalaia 19a): vanade uste restaureerimine - 1. III loeng, 5. III töötuba; vanade akende restaureerimine - 8. III loeng, 12. III töötuba; vana mööbli restaureerimine - 15. III loeng, 19. III töötuba. Siidimaali sissejuhatav kursus: 18. III Väike-Patarei 3 töötuba, mida juhendab kunstnik Evi Vares

  9. Sissejuhatus rahandussse / Irina Esko, Jelena Demjanova, Maksim Panfilov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esko, Irina, 1959-

    2000-01-01

    Järg nr. 2, lk. 29-34; nr.3 lk. 33-36. Ilmunud ka: nr.5 lk. 31-34 art. Uus on unustatud vana. Bilansi struktuur, aktsiaseltside kolm arenguvarianti ja kolme tüüpi suhted: ASi aktsionärid, ASi palgatöötajad ja ASi juhid. Aktsiaseltside loomise ajaloost. Firmasisesed suhted, investeeringute hindamise printsiip - Discounted Cash Flow, investeeringute vajaduse tekkepõhjused, firma turuväärtus

  10. Liblika tiivalöök / Andri Ksenofontov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ksenofontov, Andri, 1962-

    2008-01-01

    Edward Norton Lorenzi avastatud liblikaefektist kaoseteoorias, aju asümmeetria teooriast, Ruth Tulvingu liblikamaalidest, Endel Tulvingu avastustest mälu uurimisel ja raamatust "Mälu", Tallinna 24. algkooli hoone, Vana-Viru ja Aia t. nurgal olnud linnamüürivälise vanalinnahoonestuse, Aleksandri gümnaasiumi hoone lammutamisest Tallinnas, Tõnis Vindi näitusest "Kaks reaalsust" G-galeriis, Eesti ajaloost jm

  11. Lohu mõis / Christian Gottlieb Welté

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Welté, Christian Gottlieb, 1748/49-1792

    1996-01-01

    lk. 186 (härrastemaja, foto 20. saj. algusest), lk. 187 (fragment 1915. a. plaanist), lk. 188-189 (vana härrastemaja, hilisem valitsejamaja), värv., lk. 190-191 (illusionistlikud seinamaalingud saalis, 1791, G. Chr. Welté), värv., lk. 192-193 (saali Don Quijote teemalised pilttapeedid, 19. saj. I veerand), värv.

  12. Arhitektuuriuudised / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Radikaalne kortermaja Itaalias Bolzanos, kus terrassid ja korteri vahelduvad fassaadil ja lähevad sujuvalt üksteiseks üle. Pouya Khazaeli Parsa projekteeritud villa Teherani lähedal, mis valminud Le Corbusier' loomingu eeskujul. Bitumi ja Pekka Manneri ülimoodne avalik tualett Suomenlinnas. Wolfgang Feyferliki ja Susi Fritzeri projekteeritud eramu, mis sobitub edukalt tammede vahele. Mätaskatusega pargipaviljon Lääne-Holsteinis. Šveitsi Alpidesse projekteeritud elamiskompleks, kus leitud vanaeuroopalik tasakaal vana ja uue vahel

  13. Iisraeli arvates on pronkssõdur Eesti asi / Erkki Bahovski, Toomas Huik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Vt. samal teemal ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 12. mai, lk. 6. Iisraeli välisministeeriumi Kesk-Euroopa ja Euraasia osakonna nõunik Gil Artzyeli arvates ei saa võrdsustada kommunismi natsismiga, kuna viimane tähendas selget otsust juudid likvideerida. Nõuniku sõnul on suhted uute Euroopa Liidu liikmetega paremad kui liidu vana 15 riigiga. Vt. samas: Iisrael: 60 aastat sõda

  14. Need meeletud-meeletud tiirlevad plaadikettad / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Uutest eesti plaatidest Tafenau-Sibul-Helevä-Soo-Hasa "Siin on soe", "Vinland", Vanalinna Muusikamaja Kitarristuudio "KõlaCODA", Aimla-Arder-Agan-Mälgand "Mu süda, ärka üles", Trio Romanss & Modern Fox "Jesli ljubish, naidi...", Bonzo & Tõun "Andke tagasi maailm", Marje Sink "Jõululaulud", Jaan Tätte & MArko MAtvere "Laulude õhtu "Vana kuub"", Hannah "Live", Muschraum "Naterijeka", Smilers "Esimene Eesti tuur", Ines "uus päev"

  15. Tartu ehitusmeistrid keskaegses Novgorodis, Tallinna omad - Olavinlinnas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaalt pärit ehitusmeistrite tööd on võimalik ära tunda teatud lihtsuse ja kasinuse põhjal. Novgorodi Granovitaja palata'st. Granovitaja palata tähtvõlvidest ja müüriladumisviisist. Olavinlinna linnusele on omased keskelt paisutatud ümartornid, ehitusstiilis on tunda just Tallinna hiliskeskaegsele ehituskoolkonnale omaseid jooni. Linnust hakati rajama Viiburi asehalduri Erik Axelsson Totti eestvõttel 1475. aastal

  16. Moja Nadja ujehhala / Vadim Retshkalov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Retshkalov, Vadim

    2008-01-01

    Eldar Rjazanovi menufilmi "Saatuse iroonia ehk Hüva leili!" (1975) järjefilm "Saatuse iroonia: lugu läheb edasi" ("Ironija sudbõ. Prodolzhenije") : režissöör Timur Bekmambetov : Venemaa 2007. Uus film ei haaku vanaga selle kultuurikihi puudumise tõttu, mis peegeldub vanas näiteks Mikael Tariverdijevi muusika ja seal kasutatud vene poeesia tõttu

  17. Suvi 2007 tõotab tulla rokisõpradele magus / Kadri Ratt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratt, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    5. juulil Tallinnas A.Le Coq Arenal esinevast ameerika bändist Aerosmith, festivalidest "Rabarock" 15. ja 16. juunil Järvakandis ning "Hard Rock Laager" 29. ja 30. juunil Vana-Vigalas, ameerika bändi Type O Negative kontserdist 10. juunil Tallinnas Rock Cafés, brasiilia bändi Sepultura kontserdist 22. juulil Tallinnas Rock Cafés

  18. Kangelane ja kaabakas: kuulsad kuningad muistse LähisIda ja Kreeka pärimustes / Mait Kõiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõiv, Mait, 1961-

    2015-01-01

    Mesopotaamia, Pärsia ja Vana-Kreeka kolmest olulisest dünastiast. Akkadi kuningatest - Sargon'ist ja Naram-Sin'ist, Pärsia kuningatest Kyros'est ja Kambyses'est. Korintose türannidest Kypselos'est ja Periandros'est. Pärimuse tagamaadest: müütidest, propagandast ja reaalsusest. Dünastia rajaja kujutamisest kangelasena ja dünastia viimase esindaja demoniseerimisest

  19. Püha Siimeoni ja Naisprohvet Hanna kiriku restaureerimine : Ahtri 5, Tallinn = Restoration of the Church of Righteous Symeon and Prophetess Ann : Ahtri 5, Tallinn / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    18. sajandil ehitatud, 2001. a. Eesti Apostlik-Õigeusu Kirikule tagastatud kirikuhoone restaureerimine. Ees on interjööride konserveerimistööd. Uuringud: Juhan Kilumets, Eva Mölder. Arhitektuurne projekt: Tõnu Parmakson, Ilmar Kannelmäe. Konstruktiivne projekt: Aleksander Danil. Teostus: J. Kilumets (Rändmeister), T. Parmakson (Frantsiskus), E. Mölder (Vana Tallinn). Ill.: 3 värv. välis- ja 3 sisevaadet

  20. Tarbekunst kaheksakümnendatel = Applied art in the eighties / Inge Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Inge, 1931-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti tarbekunsti arengut peegeldasid sel perioodil iga-aastased ülevaatenäitused, mitmed väljapanekud ja mahukad ruumikujundusliku teosed, seda eriti olümpiaregati uusehitistele. Osaliselt püüdis tarbekunst vabastada end materjali ja funktsiooni diktaadist ning astuda nn. vabade kunstide valdkonda, mis tekitas tuliseid diskussioone ja jäika vastuseisu. Üldpilt oli mitmetahuline - seal oli nii vana head tarbekunsti, kontseptuaalseid objekte ning kompositsioone, aga ka rahvusromantismi ja loodustemaatikat

  1. Ester Tuiksoo: Tuvi tänava korter võlus oma hea asukohaga / Ester Tuiksoo ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuiksoo, Ester, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 11. okt. 2007, lk. 3. Parlamendiliige vastab küsimustele Tullio Liblikult üüritava korteri kohta. Vt. samas: Risto Berendson, Tuuli Koch. Maadevahetuses kahtlustatav üürib Tuiksoole odavalt korterit; Risto Berendsoni intervjuu Tullio Liblikuga: Tullio Liblik: eelistasin Estrit üürnikuna vana tutvuse pärast. Lisa: Tullio Liblik; Rahvaliit kutsub Villu Reiljani kapo-komisjonist tagasi

  2. Kui sind ei ole siin, siis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käesel, Tiina, 1943-

    2010-01-01

    Münchenis 62. rahvusvahelise käsitöömessi raames toimunud rahvusvahelisest konkurssnäitusest "Ehe" (Schmuck"), kuhu Eestist oli valitud Tanel Veenre tööga "Flora talv", konkurssnäitusest "Talendid" ("Talente"), Eesti ehtekunstnike rühmituse ÕhuLoss näitusest Müncheni Vana põhjakalmistu surnuaiavahi majas jt. ehtenäitustest

  3. Igrõ s klassikoi : vesseltshaki Turgenev i Dostojevski i bezzhalostnõi Tshehhov / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Aljona Aljohhina lavastus "Palat nr 6" Anton Tshehhovi jutustuse järgi Vene Teatris. Mark Rozovski lavastus "Krokodill" Vana Baskini Teatris. Teatriteksti kirjutas lavastaja Fjodor Dostojevski samanimelise pamfleti aineil. Ivan Turgenevi "Kuu aega maal" Eesti Draamateatris, lavastaja Mihhail Mokejev Moskvast. Mattias Anderssoni "Kuritöö, kodutööd, karistus, raha, pensionäri tapmine" Fjodor Dostojevski ainetel Teises Teatris, lavastaja Erki Aule. Artikkel järgneb nr. 47, 24. nov. 2006, lk. 38

  4. Ülemiste järve esitlev elegantne hotell : Lennujaama tee 2, Tallinn = An Elegant Hotel that Presents Lake Ülemiste : Lennujaama tee 2, Tallinn / Urmas Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Urmas, 1981-2012

    2004-01-01

    Aerofloti hotelli kohale ja osalt vana maja konstruktsioonidele ehitatud Ülemiste hotellist. Hotelli ees on parkla ja purskkaevuga väljak. Projekteerija: EA Reng, projektijuht Taavi Turvas. Arhitekt Martin Aunin. Sisekujundus: Meelis Press, Hillar Mänd (M. Pressi Arhitektuuribüroo). Konstruktsioonid: Inseneribüroo Pike. Ehitaja: FKSM. I, II ja III korruse plaan, 3 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet

  5. Rahvas ja tema juhid : [essee] / Viivi Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luik, Viivi, 1946-

    1997-01-01

    Vastukaja : Langemets, Andres. Egoismi suurmanifest. // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 24. okt., lk. B2; Kaalep, Tõnu. Rahvusluse viimased ohked. // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 31. okt., lk. B7; Unt, Mati. Rahulolematus on loomulik. // Postimees : Extra (1997) 1. nov. 1997, lk. 3; Berg, Maimu. Edu teile! // Eesti Ekspress (1997) 7. nov., lk. B7; Hellerma, Kärt. Uue ja vana kokkupõrge. // Postimees (1997) 14, nov., lk. 15; Paul, Toomas. Jumalate metamorfoos. // Keel ja Kirjandus (1997) nr. 12, lk. 841-844

  6. Severstaltrans muutub Eesti kütuse- ja transiidiäri valitsejaks / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 10. nov. lk. 6. Venemaa transiidihiid Severstaltrans omandas AS-i E.O.S. enamusosaluse. Diagramm: E.O.S.-i majandustulemused. Lisad: Vana E.O.S. muutus uueks E.O.S.-iks; Eelmine omanikuvahetus jättis E.O.S.-i omaniku samaks; Severstal on tõeline Venemaa tööstushiid

  7. Uuskasutus ja kompromissid / Triin Talk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talk, Triin

    2015-01-01

    Ajalooliste hoonete kasutuses hoidmisest, neile uue funktsiooni andmisest. Vana-Võidu mõisa karjakastellist, mis kohandati Viljandi Kutseõppekeskuse õppehooneks. OÜ Paalakalda korrastatud Pajusi mõisa kuivatist. Väimela mõisa lauta rajatud Võrumaa Kutsehariduskeskuse puidutöötlemise ja mööblitootmise kompetentsikeskusest. Mooste mõisa meiereisse rajatud tervisekeskusest. Olustvere mõisakompleksi meiereisse rajatud Olustvere Teenindus- ja Maamajanduskooli meemajast

  8. Sotsiaalselt pime ja poliitiliselt impotentne teater / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar

    2006-01-01

    Poliitilisest ja sotsiaalsest teatrist Eestis 2005. aasta lavastuste põhjal : Pip Upponi "Adolf" Tartu Püssirohukeldris, lavastaja Ervin Õunapuu; Merle Karusoo "Misjonärid" Rakvere Teatris; Alistair Beatoni "Õnnetunne" Ugalas, lavastaja Jaak Allik; Toomas Kalli " Viimane sent" Vana Baskini Teatris, lavastaja Eino Baskin; George Orwelli "Loomade farm" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Mart Koldits; Kai Henseli "Klammi sõda" VAT Teatris, lavastaja Aare Toikka

  9. Koos kodus ja tööl / Milla Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Milla, 1949-

    2005-01-01

    Külaskäigust sisearhitektidest abielupaari Helle ja Taevo Gansi koju Nõmmel. Arhitekt August Volbergi projekti järgi 1937. a. valminud funktsionalistlik üherpereelamu on ümber ehitatud kahe pere elamuks. 1988. a. H. ja T. Gansi loodud perefirmast AS Stuudio Gadis, kus töötab ka üks lastest sisearhitekt Riia Oja. H. ja T. Gans oma perekonnast, tööst perefirmas, vana maja kujundamisest jm. 6 värv. ill

  10. Uued mälestised aastal 2015 ja kadunud mälestised 2013-2015 / Triin Talk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talk, Triin

    2016-01-01

    Kolmest uuest ehitusmälestisest: Rapla KEK'i haldushoonest, Kulla leerimajast ja kultuuriseltsi Koit majast. Kultuurimälestiste hulgast on välja arvatud: Vana-Saaluse park, Roti vesiveski küün, Sangaste mõisa rehe 2 varemed, Maidla mõisa teenijatemaja ja valitsejamaja, Porkuni mõisa aednikumaja ja Sindis Kooli 8 asuv ouidust tööliselamu

  11. Tavatu kodu : ruum ruumis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Arhitekt Paula Butterfieldi ja kujundusgraafik Gary Macphersoni loft-stiilis kodu vanas renoveeritud telliskivihoones Manchesteris. Vaheseinteta korter moodustab avatud ruumi, mille sisse on ehitatud boks. Boksi peal on magamislavats külalistele, sees magamisruum, vannituba ja panipaik, seina taga köök, põranda all torustik. Pesemisruumi konstruktsioonid on valatud klaasplastist ja kaetud veekindla SIKA-krohviga. Tualettruumi seinu katab roostevaba teras. 1 välis- ja 12 sisevaadet

  12. 1. X kaitses Helsingi kunsti ja disainiülikoolis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ehtekunstnik Kärt Summatavet kaitses oma doktoritöö "Folk Tradition and Artistic Inspiration. A Woman's Life in Traditional Estonian Jewelry and Crafts as Told by Anne and Roosi", mis koosneb raamatust ning kolmest ehtenäitusest: "Lapsepõlv ja tüdrukuiga" (2000), "Noor naine. Emadus" (2001) ja "Vana tark naine" (2003). Oponendid olid Anzori Barkalaja ja Olli Tamminen

  13. Londoni aruanne / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Näitus "Uus kunst Lähis-Idast" Saatchi galeriis. Prantsuse installatsioonikunstniku Anette Messageri näitus "The Messengers" ("Sõnumitoojad") ja Mark Wallingeri kureeritud näitus "Russian linesman" ("Vene piirikohtunik") Haywardis Southbank Centre's. Tate triennaali näitus "Altermodern" ("Vana modernism"), kuraator Nicolas Bourriaud. Valik Pablo Picasso töödest "Challenging the past" ("Minevikku vaidlustades") The National Gallery's. Saksa maalikunstniku Gerhard Richteri näitus National Portrait Gallery's

  14. Buddolog Otton Ottonovitsh Rozenberg i Estonia / Mart Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaal sündinud ülemaailmse tuntusega orientalist Otto Rosenberg arendas edasi Vassili Vassiljevi ideed "graafilisest alfabeedist" - hieroglüüfide järjestatusest nende graafiliste elementide järgi, temast sai Peterburi ülikooli esimene doktor jaapani keele ja kirjanduse alal, ta suri Tallinnas 26. novembril 1919 ja maeti Kopli kalmistule. Lisatud dokumendid, mis tõestavad tema surma 1919. aasta sügisel Tallinnas

  15. Juhan Parts : näoga tuleviku poole / Juhan Parts ; interv. Märt Kivine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Res Publica esimehe kohalt lahkuv Juhan Parts ütleb, et erakond on jäänud endaks - ausaks. Res Publica praeguse seisu üks põhjusi on tema arvates see, et erakond pole võtnud omaks vana poliitika lähenemisviise, ükski olemasolev erakond ei taha näha Res Publicat Eesti poliitikas. Lisa: Res Publica valib uue juhi

  16. Indrek Saar kehastub Pilistveres Rasputiniks / Aarne Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäe, Aarne, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    7. aug. esietendub Pilistvere vanas rehehoones Ain Saviaugu kirjutatud ja lavastatud suvetükk "Rasputin". Suvelavastuse tõi välja Põltsamaa Teater Ellunäod koos professionaalsete näitlejatega. Nimiosas mängib näitlejast riigikogulane Indrek Saar. Lisaks lühike intervjuu lavastajaga "Lavastaja Ain Saviauk : "Ajalugu on karm" ja fakte Rasputinist - "Grigori Jefimovitsh Rasputin-Novõhh"

  17. Vremja Dostojevskogo / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Dostojevski kangelased Eesti teatrilaval: "Onu unenägu" Vene Teatris (lavastaja Mihhail Tshumatshenko), Matthias Andersoni "Kuritöö, kodutööd, karistus, raha, pensionäri tapmine" Teises Teatris (lavastajad Erki Aule ja Artjom Garejev), Eesti - Läti - Leedu vene teatrite koostööprojekt "Vene naer" (lavastaja Roman Kozak), "Sortsid" Eesti Draamateatris (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun.), "Krokodill" Vana Baskini Teatris (lavastaja Mark Rozovski)

  18. Dostojevski aeg / Boris Tuch ; tõlk. Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Dostojevski kangelased Eesti teatrilaval: "Onu unenägu" Vene Teatris (lavastaja Mihhail Tshumatshenko), Matthias Andersoni "Kuritöö, kodutööd, karistus, raha, pensionäri tapmine" Drugoi Teatr (lavastajad Erki Aule ja Artjom Garejev), Eesti - Läti - Leedu vene teatrite koostööprojekt "Russki smehh" (lavastaja Roman Kozak), "Sortsid" Eesti Draamateatris (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun.), "Krokodill" Vana Baskini Teatris (lavastaja Mark Rozovski)

  19. Uusehitised Tallinna vanalinnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Aegade jooksul Tallinna vanalinna ehitatud uued ehitised ( kino "Sõprus" Vana-Posti tn-l, Kirjanike maja Harju tn-l, Väike-Karja tn. lillekauplus, Raeköök Dunkri tn-l, Kaubahall, WW Passaaz Aia tn-l, kino "Bi-Ba-Bo"(ehitatud 1930-ndail), klaaspaviljon ( nn. Jänese vorst) ja De La Gardie kaubamaja Viru tn-l jt.)

  20. Kuldmunast žürii liikme pilguga / Lylian Meister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meister, Lylian, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    2010. a. disainiauhinna Bruno žürii liikme kommentaarid kandidaatidele ja jagatud auhindadele. Tootedisaini kategoorias pälvis auhinna Veiko Liisi kilepiima voldik-kann, parimaks disainiprojektiks valiti Maarja Mõtuse jalatsiprojekt "Võru'82", design management'i auhind läks Kadarbiku tallu. Disainiauhinna kandidaatide tööde näitus Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis 8. okt.-ni, Rotermanni kvartali vanas elevaatorihoones 3. okt.-ni ("100 meetrit disaini")

  1. Inactivation Effect of Antibiotic-Resistant Gene Using Chlorine Disinfection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takashi Furukawa

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to elucidate the inactivation effects on the antibiotic-resistance gene (vanA of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE using chlorination, a disinfection method widely used in various water treatment facilities. Suspensions of VRE were prepared by adding VRE to phosphate-buffered saline, or the sterilized secondary effluent of a wastewater treatment plant. The inactivation experiments were carried out at several chlorine concentrations and stirring time. Enterococci concentration and presence of vanA were determined. The enterococci concentration decreased as chlorine concentrations and stirring times increased, with more than 7.0 log reduction occurring under the following conditions: 40 min stirring at 0.5 mg Cl2/L, 20 min stirring at 1.0 mg Cl2/L, and 3 min stirring at 3.0 mg Cl2/L. In the inactivation experiment using VRE suspended in secondary effluent, the culturable enterococci required much higher chlorine concentration and longer treatment time for complete disinfection than the cases of suspension of VRE. However, vanA was detected in all chlorinated suspensions of VRE, even in samples where no enterococcal colonies were present on the medium agar plate. The chlorine disinfection was not able to destroy antibiotic-resistance genes, though it can inactivate and decrease bacterial counts of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB. Therefore, it was suggested that remaining ARB and/or antibiotic-resistance gene in inactivated bacterial cells after chlorine disinfection tank could be discharged into water environments.

  2. Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci and Bacterial Community Structure following a Sewage Spill into an Aquatic Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Suzanne; Nayak, Bina; Sun, Shan; Badgley, Brian D.; Rohr, Jason R.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Sewage spills can release antibiotic-resistant bacteria into surface waters, contributing to environmental reservoirs and potentially impacting human health. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are nosocomial pathogens that have been detected in environmental habitats, including soil, water, and beach sands, as well as wildlife feces. However, VRE harboring vanA genes that confer high-level resistance have infrequently been found outside clinical settings in the United States. This study found culturable Enterococcus faecium harboring the vanA gene in water and sediment for up to 3 days after a sewage spill, and the quantitative PCR (qPCR) signal for vanA persisted for an additional week. Culturable levels of enterococci in water exceeded recreational water guidelines for 2 weeks following the spill, declining about five orders of magnitude in sediments and two orders of magnitude in the water column over 6 weeks. Analysis of bacterial taxa via 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed changes in community structure through time following the sewage spill in sediment and water. The spread of opportunistic pathogens harboring high-level vancomycin resistance genes beyond hospitals and into the broader community and associated habitats is a potential threat to public health, requiring further studies that examine the persistence, occurrence, and survival of VRE in different environmental matrices. IMPORTANCE Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are harmful bacteria that are resistant to the powerful antibiotic vancomycin, which is used as a last resort against many infections. This study followed the release of VRE in a major sewage spill and their persistence over time. Such events can act as a means of spreading vancomycin-resistant bacteria in the environment, which can eventually impact human health. PMID:27422829

  3. Estudio del ingreso de los bachilleres a la universidad: mecanismos y procesos de admisión

    OpenAIRE

    Analuiza Valdiviezo, Héctor Luciano

    2016-01-01

    El ingreso de los estudiantes a la universidad, significa abordar un tema que discute los procesos y mecanismos de admisión y que además presenta distintas posiciones que todavía no encuentran un punto de convergencia en el enfoque social e incluso ideológico de la universidad que queremos para cada país; resulta que las políticas que se ejecutan para democratizar el acceso a los centros de educación superior para unos pueden ser vanas y para otros muy significativas en el anhelo de iniciar u...

  4. IBBY Eesti osakond 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    IBBY Eesti osakond esitas Astrid Lindgreni mälestusauhinna kandidaatideks kirjanik Aino Perviku, illustraatorid Regina Lukk-Toompere ja Ilon Wiklandi. Paabeli Torni auhinna pälvis Arvo Valton komi kirjaniku Vladimir Timini noorsooromaani "Vana-Permi poisi Tikö seiklused" eesti keelde tõlkimise eest. IBBY aunimekirja esitati A. Kivirähk raamatuga "Leiutajateküla Lotte", kunstnik Jüri Mildeberg illustratsioonidega raamatule "Ruttu tuttu" ja tõlkija Piret Saluri Hannu Mäkela raamatu "Härra Huu teeb aiatööd" tõlkimise eest

  5. Books / Kadri Steinbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinbach, Kadri

    2004-01-01

    Uutest muusikaraamatutest Elmar Arro "Vana aja muusikud", "Neeme Järvi. Encore!", J. Jürisson "Muusikud Kapid ja Suure-Jaani", V. Ojakäär "Omad viisid võõras väes", K. Pappel "Ooper Tallinnas 19. sajandil", V. Rumessen "Eduard Tubin", "Eduard Tubin. Rändavate vete ääres", A. Vahter "Eestikeelse muusikaterminoloogia kujunemine ja areng", A. Vahter "Kui mina alles nor veel olin", "A composition as a problem", "Cyrillus Kreek. helilooja", "Lepo Sumera", "Vardo Rumessen. Bibliograafia"

  6. [19.-21. juulini korraldas Eesti Ulmeühing viiendat korda Eesti ulmehuviliste kokkutuleku "Estcon 2002". Tehti teatavaks ka aastaauhinnad Stalker laureaadid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Stalkeri laureaadid. Parim tõlkeromaan Roger Zelazny "Üksildane oktoobriöö" (Varrak, tlk. Juhan Habicht); parim kogumik Norman Spinradi "Suur lõõsk" (Skarabeus, tlk., koost. ja toim. Arvi Nikkarev); parim tõlkejutt "Katkuaastate päevikud" samast raamatust; parim algupärane raamat Indrek Hargla (õieti Marat Faizijev) kogumik "Pan Grpowski üheksa juhtumit" (Kuldsulg); parimaks algupärane jutustus Marat Faizijevi "Väendru" (Algernon, 2001, dets.); parim lühijutt Erkki Kõlu "Õnn kaalule, vana!" (Algernon, 2001, dets.)

  7. Uudised : Tüür Frankfurdi "Auftaktil". Motörhead ja Manson Soomes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Frankfurdi Vana Ooperi uut hooaega traditsiooniliselt sissejuhatava festivali "Auftakt" tänavusteks külalisteks on Erkki-Sven Tüür ja inglise tšellist Steven Isserlis, 28. aug.-1. okt. kestval festivalil mängitakse Tüüri 6. ja 7. (4. sümfooniat dirigeerib Paavo Järvi), 12. sept. kavas "Fata Morgana" ja "Oxymoron" ning Helena Tulve "Lumineux..." Olari Eltsi juhatusel. Inglise ansambli Motörhead kontserdist 11. dets. ja USA rokkari Marilyn Mansoni kontserdist 20. dets. Helsingis

  8. Kujundusideid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Aet Pieli projekteeritud minimalistlik ja eestiaegses majas asuv köök. Vana muljega köök, mille mööbel on valmistatud firmas Moons. Kadri Pärtelpoja projekteeritud ehitusfirma NCC kinnisvaraosakonna paekiviseintega näidisköök. Köök Ivi-Els Schneideri kujundatud elamus. Hansperdis disainitud ja valmistatud noore perekonna erksates toonides köögimööbel. Arensis disainitud ja valmistatud seriaali "Kodu keset linna" köök. 22 värv. ill

  9. Neljatunnine teatrietendus Haimres / Kaupo Suuster, Tõnis Blank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suuster, Kaupo

    2008-01-01

    Raplamaa harrastusteatrite festivalil Haimre kultuurimajas nähtud etendustest. Hageri näitering : A. Kivirähk "Atendaat", Valgu näitetrupp M.O.T.T. : A. Kitzbergi ainetel "Kosjasõit Valgu moodi", Kivi-Vigala näitering Sõbra-vägi : A. Liives "Need kauged ajad", Kodila näitetrupp : E. Bornhöhe "Tasuja", Rapla Teatritegemise Selts : "Lastejutt inetutele", Vana-Vigala näitetrupp Topelt-Kiiks : A. Kivirähk "Kalevipoeg", Kuimetsa näitetrupp : J. Orgussaar "Suured vaimud", Varbola näitetrupp V90 : "Eesti läbi aja"

  10. Tagasi algusesse : Raekoja restaureerimise viis aastakümmet = Back to the Start : Five Decades of Restoration at the Town Hall / Teddy Böckler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Böckler, Teddy, 1930-2005

    2004-01-01

    1944. a. hävinud tornikiivri taastamisest. 1959. a. alanud raekoja arhitektuuri taastamisest. Kaaristu avati 1960. a. Interjööri taastamisest. 1971. a. alanud restaureerimisperioodist (sisekujundus: Leila Pärtelpoeg, Udo Umberg). 1991. a. alanud töödest: võlvkeldri taastamine, kohviku kujundamine. Tornikiivri ja tuulelipu Vana Toomas uuega asendamisest (1996). Lääneviilu tuulelipu uuendamisest (1999). 2000. a. alanud raekoja välispindade restaureerimisest, pööningu koristamisest. 2004. aastaks toimunud muudatustest interjööris

  11. Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad 2009 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Žürii liige kandidaatidest, preemia saanud objektidest, preemia määramise põhjendus. Peapreemia said Andres Alver, Veljo Kaasik ja Tiit Trummal Tallinna Vabaduse väljaku eest. Arhitektuuri objektipreemia võitis Uus- ja Vana Jahuladu Tallinnas (HG Arhitektuur, Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi, Yoko Azukava), väikeobjekti preemia Lasva veetorn (põhiautor Veronika Valk), restaureerimise preemia Nõmme Saksa Lunastaja kirik (Fredi-Armand Tomps, Anne Koppel), sisearhitektuuri preemia AS Baltika büroo (Studio 3, Kolm Pluss Üks), tegevuspreemia Ilona Gurjanova

  12. [Emergence of glycopeptide resistant Enterococcus faecium in Algeria: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamidi, Moufida; Ammari, Houria; Ghaffor, Mohamed; Benamrouche, Nabila; Tali-Maamar, Hassiba; Tala-Khir, Farida; Younsi, Mokhtar; Rahal, Kheira

    2013-01-01

    A glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium (EFRG) was isolated from a wound in a patient hospitalized in a university hospital in Algiers. This strain was resistant to several antibiotics. This patient was carrying this strain in the digestive tract which may partly explain its origin. Genotypic comparison of the two strains by pulsed field gel electrophoresis showed that it was the same strain. Glycopeptide resistance was due to the presence of the vanA gene. Vigilance is required facing the emergence of strains of EFRG in our hospitals.

  13. Genomic analysis of 495 vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium reveals broad dissemination of a vanA plasmid in more than 19 clones from Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, Mette; Gumpert, Heidi; Bayliss, Sion

    2017-01-01

    . The majority of the isolates were located in three groups (n = 44, 100 and 218) and clonal spread of VREfm between wards and hospitals was identified. Five Tn1546-like transposon types were identified. A dominant truncated transposon (type 4, 92%) was spread across all but one VREfm group. The closed van......A plasmid was highly covered by reads from isolates containing the type 4 transposon. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that it was the dissemination of the type 4 Tn1546-like transposon and plasmid via horizontal transfer to multiple populations of E. faecium, followed by clonal spread of new VREfm clones...

  14. A prism of excellence: The Charleston Veterans Administration Nursing Academic Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coxe, D Nicole; Conner, Brian T; Lauerer, Joy; Skipper, Janice; York, Janet; Fraggos, Mary; Stuart, Gail W

    2016-01-01

    The Veterans Administration (VA) has been committed to academic affiliate training partnerships for nearly 70 years in efforts to enhance veteran-centric health care. One such effort, the VA Nursing Academy (VANA) program, was developed in 2007 in response to the nationwide nursing shortage and began as a five-year pilot with funding competitively awarded to 15 partnerships between local VA medical centers and schools of nursing. The VANA program evolved into the VA Nursing Academic Partnership (VANAP) program following the initial pilot. This article describes the development and evolution of the Charleston VANAP, which includes the Ralph H Johnson VA Medical Center (RHJ VAMC) and the Medical University of South Carolina College of Nursing (MUSC CON). The VA Office of Academic Affiliations (OAA) funded a large portion of the initial five years of the Charleston VANAP. Once the national funding source ceased, the RHJ VAMC and the MUSC CON entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to offer in-kind contributions to the partnership. The Charleston VANAP is the only program in the nation to offer three different nurse trainee programs and this article highlights some of the more notable achievements from each program. The Charleston VANAP is a comprehensive partnership between the RHJ VAMC and the MUSC CON that truly demonstrates a commitment to assure that the very best care be provided to Veterans, our Nation's heroes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Transferable Antibiotic Resistances in Marketed Edible Grasshoppers (Locusta migratoria migratorioides).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Garofalo, Cristiana; Aquilanti, Lucia; Milanović, Vesna; Cardinali, Federica; Taccari, Manuela; Pasquini, Marina; Tavoletti, Stefano; Clementi, Francesca

    2017-05-01

    Grasshoppers are the most commonly eaten insects by humans worldwide, as they are rich in proteins and micronutrients. This study aimed to assess the occurrence of transferable antibiotic resistance genes in commercialized edible grasshoppers. To this end, the prevalence of 12 selected genes [aac(6')-Ie aph(2″)-Ia, blaZ, erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), mecA, tet(M), tet(O), tet(S), tet(K), vanA, vanB] coding for resistance to antibiotics conventionally used in clinical practice was determined. The majority of samples were positive for tet(M) (70.0%), tet(K) (83.3%) and blaZ (83.3%). A low percentage of samples were positive for erm(B) (16.7%), erm(C) (26.7%), and aac(6')-Ie aph(2″)-Ia (13.3%), whereas no samples were positive for erm(A), vanA, vanB, tet(O), and mecA. Cluster analysis identified 4 main clusters, allowing a separation of samples on the basis of their country of origin. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  16. Prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes in bacterial communities associated with Cladophora glomerata mats along the nearshore of Lake Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibsen, Michael; Fernando, Dinesh M; Kumar, Ayush; Kirkwood, Andrea E

    2017-05-01

    The alga Cladophora glomerata can erupt in nuisance blooms throughout the lower Great Lakes. Since bacterial abundance increases with the emergence and decay of Cladophora, we investigated the prevalence of antibiotic resistance (ABR) in Cladophora-associated bacterial communities up-gradient and down-gradient from a large sewage treatment plant (STP) on Lake Ontario. Although STPs are well-known sources of ABR, we also expected detectable ABR from up-gradient wetland communities, since they receive surface run-off from urban and agricultural sources. Statistically significant differences in aquatic bacterial abundance and ABR were found between down-gradient beach samples and up-gradient coastal wetland samples (ANOVA, Holm-Sidak test, p Cladophora sampled near the STP had the highest bacterial densities overall, including on ampicillin- and vancomycin-treated plates. However, quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of the ABR genes ampC, tetA, tetB, and vanA from environmental communities showed a different pattern. Some of the highest ABR gene levels occurred at the 2 coastal wetland sites (vanA). Overall, bacterial ABR profiles from environmental samples were distinguishable between living and decaying Cladophora, inferring that Cladophora may control bacterial ABR depending on its life-cycle stage. Our results also show how spatially and temporally dynamic ABR is in nearshore aquatic bacteria, which warrants further research.

  17. Biological conversion of the aqueous wastes from hydrothermal liquefaction of algae and pine wood by Rhodococci

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Yucai; Li, Xiaolu; Xue, Xiaoyun; Swita, Marie S.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Yang, Bin

    2017-01-01

    In this study, R. opacus PD630, R. jostii RHA1, R. jostii RHA1 VanA-, and their co-culture were employed to convert hydrothermal liquefaction aqueous waste (HTLAW) into lipids. After 11 days, the COD reduction of algal-HTLAW reached 93.4% and 92.7% by R. jostii RHA1 and its mutant VanA-, respectively. Woody-HTLAW promoted lipid accumulation of 0.43 g lipid/g cell dry weight in R. opacus PD630 cells. Additionally, the total number of chemicals in HTLAW decreased by over 1/3 after 7 days of coculture, and 0.10 g/L and 0.46 g/L lipids were incrementally accumulated in the cellular mass during the fermentation of wood- and algal-HTLAW, respectively. The GC-MS data supported that different metabolism pathways were followed when these Rhodococci strains degraded algae- and woody-HTLAW. These results indicated promising potential of bioconversion of under-utilized carbon and toxic compounds in HTLAW into useful products by selected Rhodococci.

  18. Molecular Analysis of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci Isolated from Regional Hospitals in Trinidad and Tobago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick E. Akpaka

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Geographic spread of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE clones in cities, countries, or even continents has been identified by molecular techniques. This study aimed at characterizing virulent genes and determining genetic relatedness of 45 VRE isolates from Trinidad and Tobago using molecular tools, including polymerase chain reaction, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE, and Random Amplification Polymorphic DNA (RAPD. The majority (84% of the isolates were Enterococcus faecium possessing vanA gene while the rest (16% were Enterococcus faecalis possessing vanB. The esp gene was found in all 45 VRE isolates while hyl genes were found only in E. faecium species. The E. faecium species expressed five distinct PFGE patterns. The predominant clones with similar or common patterns belonged to clones one and three, and each had 11 (29% of the VRE isolates. Plasmid content was identified in representative isolates from each clonal group. By contrast, the E. faecalis species had one PFGE pattern suggesting the presence of an occult and limited clonal spread. The emergence of VRE in the country seems to be related to intra/interhospital dissemination of an epidemic clone carrying the vanA element. Therefore, infection control measures will be warranted to prevent any potential outbreak and spread of VRE in the country.

  19. Proteomic characterization of vanA-containing Enterococcus recovered from Seagulls at the Berlengas Natural Reserve, W Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radhouani, Hajer; Poeta, Patrícia; Pinto, Luís; Miranda, Júlio; Coelho, Céline; Carvalho, Carlos; Rodrigues, Jorge; López, María; Torres, Carmen; Vitorino, Rui; Domingues, Pedro; Igrejas, Gilberto

    2010-09-21

    Enterococci have emerged as the third most common cause of nosocomial infections, requiring bactericidal antimicrobial therapy. Although vancomycin resistance is a major problem in clinics and has emerged in an important extend in farm animals, few studies have examined it in wild animals. To determine the prevalence of vanA-containing Enterococcus strains among faecal samples of Seagulls (Larus cachinnans) of Berlengas Natural Reserve of Portugal, we developed a proteomic approach integrated with genomic data. The purpose was to detect the maximum number of proteins that vary in different enterococci species which are thought to be connected in some, as yet unknown, way to antibiotic resistance. From the 57 seagull samples, 54 faecal samples showed the presence of Enterococcus isolates (94.7%). For the enterococci, E. faecium was the most prevalent species in seagulls (50%), followed by E. faecalis and E. durans (10.4%), and E. hirae (6.3%). VanA-containing enterococcal strains were detected in 10.5% of the 57 seagull faecal samples studied. Four of the vanA-containing enterococci were identified as E. faecium and two as E. durans. The tet(M) gene was found in all five tetracycline-resistant vanA strains. The erm(B) gene was demonstrated in all six erythromycin-resistant vanA strains. The hyl virulence gene was detected in all four vanA-containing E. faecium isolates in this study, and two of them harboured the purK1 allele. In addition these strains also showed ampicillin and ciprofoxacin resistance. The whole-cell proteomic profile of vanA-containing Enterococcus strains was applied to evaluate the discriminatory power of this technique for their identification. The major differences among species-specific profiles were found in the positions corresponding to 97-45 kDa. Sixty individualized protein spots for each vanA isolate was identified and suitable for peptide mass fingerprinting measures by spectrometry measuring (MALDI/TOF MS) and their identification

  20. Proteomic characterization of vanA-containing Enterococcus recovered from Seagulls at the Berlengas Natural Reserve, W Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coelho Céline

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Enterococci have emerged as the third most common cause of nosocomial infections, requiring bactericidal antimicrobial therapy. Although vancomycin resistance is a major problem in clinics and has emerged in an important extend in farm animals, few studies have examined it in wild animals. To determine the prevalence of vanA-containing Enterococcus strains among faecal samples of Seagulls (Larus cachinnans of Berlengas Natural Reserve of Portugal, we developed a proteomic approach integrated with genomic data. The purpose was to detect the maximum number of proteins that vary in different enterococci species which are thought to be connected in some, as yet unknown, way to antibiotic resistance. Results From the 57 seagull samples, 54 faecal samples showed the presence of Enterococcus isolates (94.7%. For the enterococci, E. faecium was the most prevalent species in seagulls (50%, followed by E. faecalis and E. durans (10.4%, and E. hirae (6.3%. VanA-containing enterococcal strains were detected in 10.5% of the 57 seagull faecal samples studied. Four of the vanA-containing enterococci were identified as E. faecium and two as E. durans. The tet(M gene was found in all five tetracycline-resistant vanA strains. The erm(B gene was demonstrated in all six erythromycin-resistant vanA strains. The hyl virulence gene was detected in all four vanA-containing E. faecium isolates in this study, and two of them harboured the purK1 allele. In addition these strains also showed ampicillin and ciprofoxacin resistance. The whole-cell proteomic profile of vanA-containing Enterococcus strains was applied to evaluate the discriminatory power of this technique for their identification. The major differences among species-specific profiles were found in the positions corresponding to 97-45 kDa. Sixty individualized protein spots for each vanA isolate was identified and suitable for peptide mass fingerprinting measures by spectrometry measuring

  1. Proloog : [luuletused] / Henrik Visnapuu ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Proloog ; Igavesti ; Kui kuurdub armulill ; Neitsi saunas ; Metsatalu ; Eokene eo-eo ; Õdango laul ; Langes lund, langes verist lund ; Sireli ; Ole tervitet, tervitet ; Kahe ääretuse vahel ; Jääb inimene ikka, ikka meil veel velleks : J. Kuperjanovi mälestuseks ; Ärge tapke inimest ; Noor-Eestile 1905-1915 1-3 ; Surnuk sõnade surise ; Autobiograafia ; Matsin mulda ; Jõuluöö ; Laske mul olla kurb ; Esimene kiri Inglile ; Teine kiri Ingile ; Kolmas kiri Ingile ; Neljas kiri Ingile ; Viies kiri Ingile ; Kuues kiri Ingile ; Seitsmes kiri Ingile ; Kaheksas kiri Ingile ; Üheksas kiri Ingile ; Kümnes kiri Ingile ; Maga Alaea ; Kuu on end riputand ; Ilo kavva on kahele ; Tartu oktoober 1-2, 5 ; Suur kirjanik on nagu vana vein : Eduard Vilde mälestusele ; Üle kodumäe ; Vana-aasta kuu 1 ; Meie aja muinasjutt ; kevad ; Vaikne palve ; Maarjamaa laulud 8 ; Sula unelm ; Koduhaldjas ; Valgus on lõhnavan lehen ; Heinakuu öö 1-2 ; Viimne teekond ; Ema lill ; Vana kell ; Kuuvalgus ; Umbra apocalyptica ; Öö ja päev ; Laul vabadusest ; Magdaleena : Jõuluöö legend 1-2 ; Hommik ; Tuisk ; Pööripäeva eel ; Nii pidulik valgus ; Sügav suvi ; Paadil ; Öö ja meres 1 ; Öö ja meres 2 ; Tulease ; Aed ja aeg ; Idaruum ; Vanaema surm ; Emale ; Endeline öö ; Õnnis suvine öö ; Leegitsev liiv ; Vanad talud ; Sõnatu kuu ; Nii kargelt hingab ; Vihkan kevadet ; Aastaajad : 1. Hiline öökülm ; 2. Hiline sügis ; 3. Sügav talv ; 4. Ma usun taas ; Rahu ; Mul on sinu pärast nii kitsas ; Üle värskete kalmuküngaste ; pea vastu ; Ikka viirastub ; Jõulutäht ; Nii suured on sinu mured ; Mis armas, kõik on tuna ; Viimne söömaaeg ; Astuge tasa ; Periheel ; Ingi haual ; Eksin tänavate kurrus ; Manamine ; Kuues küünal ; Astendus ; Vahimees, ons ikka veel öö ; Karukellad ; Lein ; Kutse ; Kõik muutub lauluks ; Suvine öö 1-2 ; Sügis 1-2 ; Talv ; Talveöö ; Astugem isamaa palge ette ; Viimne kevad

  2. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Arvo Valton. Leidik; Mats Traat. Valge lind; Mats Traat. Harala elulood; Kärt Hellerma. Kassandra; Uku Masing. Luule 1.; Ilmar Vene. Trotsija : katse mõista Uku Masingut; Eesti identiteet ja iseseisvus / koost. A. Bertricau; Ene Mihkelson. Kaalud ei kõnele : valitud luuletusi 1967-1977; Mehis Heinsaar. Vanameeste näppaja; Eesti kirjanduslugu / Epp Annus, Luule Epner, Ants Järv jt.; Aarne Ruben. Volta annab kaeblikku vilet; Mart Kivastik. Näidendid; Kaardipakk / Jürgen Rooste, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Triin Soomets, Elo Viiding, Asko Künnap; Hasso Krull. Kornukoopia : sada luuletust; Tiia Toomet. Vana aja koolilood; Aidi Vallik. Kuidas elad, Ann?; Enn Vetemaa. Neitsist sündinud

  3. Use of antimicrobial growth promoters in food animals and Enterococcus faecium resistance to therapeutic antimicrobial drugs in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Henrik Caspar; Aarestrup, Frank Møller; Jensen, Lars Bogø

    1999-01-01

    on the Tn1546 transposon. Furthermore, glycopeptide-resistant strains, as well as resistance determinants, can be transmitted from animals to humans. Two antimicrobial classes expected to provide the future therapeutic options for treatment of infections with vancomycin-resistant enterococci have analogues......Supplementing animal feed with antimicrobial agents to enhance growth has been common practice for more than 30 years and is estimated to constitute more than half the total antimicrobial use worldwide. The potential public health consequences of this use have been debated; however, until recently......, clear evidence of a health risk was not available. Accumulating evidence now indicates that the use of the glycopeptide avoparcin as a growth promoter has created in food animals a major reservoir of Enterococcus faecium, which contains the high level glycopeptide resistance determinant vanA, located...

  4. Tammsaare kirjanduspreemiate laureaadid / šaržid: Hugo Hiibus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1996-01-01

    Preemiat on antud välja alates 1978. a. Preemia saajad : Helene Siimisker. 'A. H. Tammsaare pildikroonika eluteest ja tööst'. (1977); Juhan Peegel. 'Ma langesin esimesel sõjasuvel'. (1978); Ilmar Sikemäe. 'Kirjad Vargamäelt'. (1979); Vello Lattik. 'Kuus head inimest'. (1980); Veera Saar. 'Aprillipäev'. (1981); Mats Traat. 'Karukell, kurvameelsuse rohi'. (1982); Raimond Kaugver. 'Vana mees tahab koju'. (1983); Mari Saat. 'Õun valguses ja varjus'. (1984); Viivi Luik. 'Seitsmes rahukevad'. (1985); Heino Kiik. 'Elupadrik'. (1986); Luise Vaher. 'Põlev pärisosa'. (1987); Hando Runnel. 'Laulud eestiaegsetele meestele'. (1988); Arvo Valton. 'Masendus ja lootus'. (1989); Kalju Lepik. 'Rukkilille murdmise laul'. (1990); Illar Mõttus. Dramatiseering 'Jumalaga Vargamäe'. (1991); Leelo Tungal. 'Barbara ja suvekoerad'. (1992); Aili Viitar. 'Kummelimuru'. (1993); Albert Uustulnd. 'Rajud ei rauge', 'Lummav meri'. (1994)

  5. Safety Evaluation of Enterocin Producer Enterococcus sp. Strains Isolated from Traditional Turkish Cheeses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avcı, Mine; Özden Tuncer, Banu

    2017-07-06

    The purpose of this study was to determine the antimicrobial activity and occurrence of bacteriocin structural genes in Enterococcus spp. isolated from different cheeses and also investigate some of their virulence factors. Enterococcus strains were isolated from 33 different cheeses. Enterococcus faecium (6 strains) and Enterococcus faecalis (5 strains) enterocin-producing strains were identified by 16S rDNA analyses. Structural genes entA, entB, entP and entX were detected in some isolates. Multiple enterocin structural genes were found in 7 strains. None of the tested enterococci demonstrated anyβ-haemolytic activity and only one strain had gelatinase activity. Six strains showed multiple antibiotic resistance patterns and in addition, vanA and several virulence genes were detected in many strains. Only E. faecalis MBE1-9 showed tyrosine decarboxylase activity and tdc gene was detected only in this strain.

  6. Record of gut associated nemathelminth in the giant African snail Achatina fulica (Bowdich) from Bangalore, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayashankar, M; Murthy, G S S

    2015-06-01

    Prevalence of nematodes in Achatina fulica (Bowdich) sample collected from two different sites within Bangalore University Jnana Bharathi Campus viz., Dhanavanthari vana and Botany Department garden was 84 and 100 % respectively. However, the identity of the nemathelminth could not be established to the species level as it did not respond to the clearing agent and its genital organs were not located which is key character for taxonomic identification. Also, no Cercariae were recorded in the samples, perhaps the snail sample was non endemic for parasitic population. Helminthological prospection with regard to the giant African snail from the region has not been performed till date. The present work is a preliminary study in that direction intended to determine the nemathelminth fauna associated with A. fulica populations in Bangalore region laying emphasis on further studies to be undertaken in this regard.

  7. "Seal ta nüüd lamabki, ümmarguses hauas..." : [luuletused] / Paavo Haavikko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haavikko, Paavo, 1931-

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: "Seal ta nüüd lamabki, ümmarguses hauas..." ; "See, kes ütleb, et mees läheb sinna, kuhu tubakaski, ei tea..." ; Ootamatu toost ; "Moskva..." ; "Inimese parim omadus on tema lühiajalisus..." ; "Ööbik ei suuda laulda. Ta ei suuda olla laulmata..." ; "Hääletan kevade poolt, sügis valitakse, talv moodustab valitsuse..." ; "Ümmargune kuu, lahtiriietuv naine, püstine voolav vesi..." / tlk. Hasso Krull. "Kuulen lõbusat lugu, see teeb mind kurvaks..." ; "Tuleb sügis, õunapirukad, mälestused, mille pääl on..." ; "Vana mees on rääkimisest väsinud..." ; "Siin julmas maailmas on asjatu paludagi..." ; "Võid kindel olla, et see on tema ise..." ; "On palju tarku mehi, aga samas ei ühtki..." / tlk. Lauri Kitsnik

  8. Semblanza de un maestro: Alfredo Carrea Henao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiberio Alvarez Echeverri

    1994-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Fue maestro a pesar de su timidez y retraimiento. Prefería los silencios y el ejemplo a la palabra vana. Se mantuvo alejado de los vaivenes sociales y de las conveniencias publicitarias. Sin buscarlos recibió placas y reconocimientos: por el retrato de la Pola, cum laude por su tesis, año sabático por su investigación en fiebre amarilla, Cruz de Boyacá y Premio Nacional de Medicina por su trabajo, Profesor Distinguido de la Universidad por su labor formativa, Orden del Arriero por sus conocimientos de mulas y enjalmas.

  9. Real-time polymerase chain reaction with melting analysis of positive blood culture specimens in bloodstream infections: diagnostic value and turnaround time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angeletti, Silvia; Gherardi, Giovanni; De Florio, Lucia; Avola, Alessandra; Crea, Francesca; Riva, Elisabetta; Vitali, Massimiliano Andrea; Galluzzo, Sara; Dicuonzo, Giordano

    2013-01-01

    A Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with melting analysis was devised to target bacterial and fungal genes together with the most prevalent antimicrobial resistance genes in 250 positive blood culture broths. This method allowed the blood culture cultivated pathogens to be classified into clinically relevant groups such as Enterobacteriaceae, oxidase-positive bacilli, oxidase-positive coccobacilli, S. aureus and yeast. Enterococci and streptococci could be distinguished from CoNS only by the Gram stain. Gram-positive bacilli were discriminated from Gram-positive cocci by Gram stain. Furthermore, the most important antimicrobial resistant genes such as mecA, vanA, bla TEM , bla SHV and bla CTX-M could be identified. All results were obtained with a turnaround time of three hours from the moment of blood culture positivity compared to 24-72 hours for phenotypic methods. In conclusion, the proposed approach can allow the clinician to implement proper early management of sepsis patients.

  10. Identification and molecular characterization of Van A-type vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis in Northeast of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinalda Anselmo Vilela

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The isolation of vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE in Brazil has rapidly increased, following the world wide tendency. We report in the present study the first isolation of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE in the Northeast of Brazil. The four VRE isolates were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility, genotypic typing by macro restriction of chromosomal DNA followed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and for characterization of the Tn1546-like element and plasmid contents. The isolates showed resistance to multiple antibiotics and a single genotype profile, suggesting the dissemination of a single clone among the patients. Tn1546 associated to genetic elements as plasmids shows the importance of infection control measures to avoid the spreading of glycopetide resistance by conjugative transfer of VanA elements.

  11. 2006. aasta arhitektuurikonkursid / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Toodud ka 2006. a. konkursside tulemused: Eesti Rahva Muuseumi uus hoone, Tartu Ida t. lastead, Kiviõli linnaväljak, Tartu Lutsu t. korterelamu fassaadilahendus, Paide spordihall, Pärnu piirivalvekordoni hoone, Tartu Rebase t. kortermajade kompleks, Viljandi Maagümnaasiumi juurdeehitus, Veneetsia X arhitektuuribiennaali Eesti kuraatorinäitus, betoonehitis 2005, Estonia Seltsi vana teatrimaja asukoha tähistamine, TTÜ uus raamatukogu, Maakri kvartali arhitektuurikonkursi I etapp, Viljandi Uku t. 1A Lidli kauplusehoone ja südalinna kvartali detailplaneering, Pärnu jõeäärse keskuse ideeplaneering, Karksi-Nuia keskväljak ja roheala, terasehitis 2006, Edela-Eesti loodus- ja keskkonnahariduskeskuse ehk ökomaja eskiisprojekt, puitehitis 2006

  12. Molecular characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates from Bermuda.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Eberechi Akpaka

    Full Text Available Molecular characteristics of vancomycin resistant enterococci isolates from Bermuda Island is currently unknown. This study was conducted to investigate phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of VRE isolates from Bermuda Island using the chromogenic agar, E-tests, polymerase chain reaction (PCR, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE and multilocus sequence typing (MLST. Eighteen E. faecium isolates were completely analyzed and were all resistant to vancomycin, susceptible to linezolid and quinupristin/dalfopristin, positive for vanA and esp genes. The MLST analysis confirmed most isolates were of the sequence types linked to clonal complex 17 (CC17 that is widely associated with outbreaks in hospitals. Infection control measures, antibiotic stewardship, and surveillance activities will continue to be a priority in hospital on the Island.

  13. Development of a Real-Time PCR Protocol Requiring Minimal Handling for Detection of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci with the Fully Automated BD Max System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalpke, Alexander H; Hofko, Marjeta; Zimmermann, Stefan

    2016-09-01

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are an important cause of health care-associated infections, resulting in significant mortality and a significant economic burden in hospitals. Active surveillance for at-risk populations contributes to the prevention of infections with VRE. The availability of a combination of automation and molecular detection procedures for rapid screening would be beneficial. Here, we report on the development of a laboratory-developed PCR for detection of VRE which runs on the fully automated Becton Dickinson (BD) Max platform, which combines DNA extraction, PCR setup, and real-time PCR amplification. We evaluated two protocols: one using a liquid master mix and the other employing commercially ordered dry-down reagents. The BD Max VRE PCR was evaluated in two rounds with 86 and 61 rectal elution swab (eSwab) samples, and the results were compared to the culture results. The sensitivities of the different PCR formats were 84 to 100% for vanA and 83.7 to 100% for vanB; specificities were 96.8 to 100% for vanA and 81.8 to 97% for vanB The use of dry-down reagents and the ExK DNA-2 kit for extraction showed that the samples were less inhibited (3.3%) than they were by the use of the liquid master mix (14.8%). Adoption of a cutoff threshold cycle of 35 for discrimination of vanB-positive samples allowed an increase of specificity to 87.9%. The performance of the BD Max VRE assay equaled that of the BD GeneOhm VanR assay, which was run in parallel. The use of dry-down reagents simplifies the assay and omits any need to handle liquid PCR reagents. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  14. Clinical and molecular epidemiology of hospital Enterococcus faecium isolates in eastern France. Members of Réseau Franc-Comtois de Lutte contr les Infections Nosocomiales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, X; Thouverez, M; Bailly, P; Cornette, C; Talon, D

    2000-06-01

    We carried out a surveillance study of Enterococcus faecium isolates in the Franche-Comtéregion of France over three years. Clinical and epidemiological strains were characterized by antibiotype and genotype (pulsed field gel electrophoresis, PFGE). Three case-control studies were performed to identify risk factors for colonization/infection with three defined resistant phenotypes (amoxycillin, high-level gentamicin and high-level kanamycin). The crude incidence of colonization/infection was 0.156%, and 68.8% of cases were classified as hospital-acquired. Incidence did not differ according to the type of hospitalization (middle term or acute care). The urinary tract was the major site of infection. Resistance rates were: 45.8% (amoxycillin), 18.7% (high-level gentamicin), 61.4% (high-level kanamycin) and 3.1% (vancomycin). No isolate produced b-lactamase and one isolate carried the vanA gene. PFGE revealed two major epidemic patterns each including resistant strains isolated in different hospitals and during different periods in the study. Previous antimicrobial treatment was not identified as a risk factor for colonization/infection with any resistant phenotype. Despite the low frequency of vancomycin-resistant isolates in this study, resistant strains were widely disseminated and had characteristics enabling them to persist and spread. If these strains acquired the vanA gene, the risk of an outbreak would be large. So, the prevalence of vancomycin-resistant E. faecium in hospitals should be carefully monitored in the future. Copyright 2000 The Hospital Infection Society.

  15. Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Gram-positive Cocci Cultured from Patients in Three University Hospitals in Tehran, Iran during 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aligholi Marzieh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is a serious problem and is increasing in prevalence world-wide at an alarming rate. The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of 1897 gram-positive bacterial Isolates were evaluated. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of isolates which comprised Staphylococcus aureus (927 isolates, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS; 425 isolates, Enterococcus faecalis (320 isolates, Enterococcus faecium (157 isolates, and pneumococci (50 isolates collected from 3 teaching hospitals in Tehran were determined by agar dilution method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI guidelines. The presence of mecA gene was investigated in methicillin-resistant staphylococci by PCR method and vanA and vanB genes were targeted in enterococcal isolates by Multiplex PCR method. The resistance rate to methicillin among S. aureus and CNS isolates were 33% and 49%, respectively. All S. aureus isolates were susceptible to vancomycin .The lowest rate of resistance in all S. aureus isolates was found for rifampicin (<4%. The vancomycin resistance rate in enterococci isolates was 11% which was more frequent among E. faecium (19% than E. faecalis (4%, all resistant isolates carrying vanA. High-level resistance to gentamicin and streptomycin, were detected in 47% and 87% of enterococcal isolates respectively. The rate of penicillin resistance in pneumococci was 3% and about 27% of isolates had reduced susceptibility to penicillin. The prevalence of erythromycin resistant among pneumococci was 58%. All pneumococcal isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone, rifampicin and vancomycin. Our data highlight the importance of access to updated bacterial susceptibility data regarding commonly prescribed agents for clinicians in Iran.

  16. El tema de la ceguera en la literatura religiosa de Lope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lezcano Tosca, Hugo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In baroque literature, el desengaño is a commonplace that gets a large development. El desengaño means that man realizes that everything he can see is «vanas sombras». In this article, the question of blindness in Lope de Vega's religious poetry is studied through three different aspects: first, blindness of the self in religious poetry is considered as a transformation «a lo divino» of petrarchist lover blindness. Secondly, the divine call is studied in some literary and religious texts, like Saint August Confessions, or Lope de Vega's Soliloquios. Finally, the different methods used by the Society of Jesus to finish with man's blindness (compositio loci, emblems are analysed.En la literatura barroca, el desengaño se convierte en un lugar común que recibe un amplio desarrollo. El desengaño consiste en que el hombre se da cuenta de que lo que ve con sus ojos es falso, puesto que las bellezas de la tierra sólo son «vanas sombras». En este artículo se estudia el tema de la ceguera en la literatura religiosa de Lope, teniendo en cuenta tres aspectos diferentes: en primer lugar, se analiza la ceguera del yo de la literatura religiosa como transformación «a lo divino» de la ceguera del enamorado petrarquista. En segundo lugar, se estudia en qué consiste la llamada divina en algunos textos religiosos y literarios, como las Confesiones de San Agustín o los Soliloquios de Lope. Por último, se estudian los métodos que emplea la Compañía de Jesús (composición de lugar, libros de emblemas para acabar con la ceguera del hombre.

  17. Comparison of PCR/electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry versus traditional clinical microbiology for active surveillance of organisms contaminating high-use surfaces in a burn intensive care unit, an orthopedic ward and healthcare workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Heather C; Kreft, Rachael E; Castillo, Mayra A; Ehrlich, Garth D; Guymon, Charles H; Crouch, Helen K; Chung, Kevin K; Wenke, Joseph C; Hsu, Joseph R; Spirk, Tracy L; Costerton, J William; Mende, Katrin; Murray, Clinton K

    2012-10-10

    Understanding nosocomial pathogen transmission is restricted by culture limitations. Novel platforms, such as PCR-based electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS), may be useful as investigational tools. Traditional clinical microbiology (TCM) and PCR/ESI-TOF-MS were used to recover and detect microorganisms from the hands and personal protective equipment of 10 burn intensive care unit (ICU) healthcare workers providing clinical care at a tertiary care military referral hospital. High-use environmental surfaces were assessed in 9 burn ICU and 10 orthopedic patient rooms. Clinical cultures during the study period were reviewed for pathogen comparison with investigational molecular diagnostic methods. From 158 samples, 142 organisms were identified by TCM and 718 by PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. The molecular diagnostic method detected more organisms (4.5 ± 2.1 vs. 0.9 ± 0.8, p < 0.01) from 99% vs. 67% of samples (p < 0.01). TCM detected S. aureus in 13 samples vs. 21 by PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. Gram-negative organisms were less commonly identified than gram-positive by both methods; especially by TCM. Among all detected bacterial species, similar percentages were typical nosocomial pathogens (18-19%) for TCM vs. PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. PCR/ESI-TOF-MS also detected mecA in 112 samples, vanA in 13, and KPC-3 in 2. MecA was associated (p < 0.01) with codetection of coagulase negative staphylococci but not S. aureus. No vanA was codetected with enterococci; one KPC-3 was detected without Klebsiella spp. In this pilot study, PCR/ESI-TOF-MS detected more organisms, especially gram-negatives, compared to TCM, but the current assay format is limited by the number of antibiotic resistance determinants it covers. Further large-scale assessments of PCR/ESI-TOF-MS for hospital surveillance are warranted.

  18. Evaluation of the Verigene Gram-positive blood culture nucleic acid test for rapid detection of bacteria and resistance determinants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojewoda, Christina M; Sercia, Linda; Navas, Maria; Tuohy, Marion; Wilson, Deborah; Hall, Geraldine S; Procop, Gary W; Richter, Sandra S

    2013-07-01

    Rapid identification of pathogens from blood cultures can decrease lengths of stay and improve patient outcomes. We evaluated the accuracy of the Verigene Gram-positive blood culture (BC-GP) nucleic acid test for investigational use only (Nanosphere, Inc., Northbrook, IL) for the identification of Gram-positive bacteria from blood cultures. The detection of resistance genes (mecA in Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis and vanA or vanB in Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis) by the BC-GP assay also was assessed. A total of 186 positive blood cultures (in BacT/Alert FA bottles) with Gram-positive cocci observed with Gram staining were analyzed using the BC-GP assay. The BC-GP results were compared with the identification and susceptibility profiles obtained with routine methods in the clinical laboratory. Discordant results were arbitrated with additional biochemical, cefoxitin disk, and repeat BC-GP testing. The initial BC-GP organism identification was concordant with routine method results for 94.6% of the blood cultures. Only 40% of the Streptococcus pneumoniae identifications were correct. The detection of the mecA gene for 69 blood cultures with only S. aureus or S. epidermidis was concordant with susceptibility testing results. For 3 of 6 cultures with multiple Staphylococcus spp., mecA detection was reported but was correlated with oxacillin resistance in a species other than S. aureus or S. epidermidis. The detection of vanA agreed with susceptibility testing results for 45 of 46 cultures with E. faecalis or E. faecium. Comparison of the mean times to results for each organism group showed that BC-GP results were available 31 to 42 h earlier than phenotypic identifications and 41 to 50 h earlier than susceptibility results.

  19. Derivatives of a vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain isolated at Hershey Medical Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozdogan, Bülent; Ednie, Lois; Credito, Kim; Kosowska, Klaudia; Appelbaum, Peter C

    2004-12-01

    Antimicrobial susceptibilities and genetic relatedness of the vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strain (VRSA) isolated at Hershey, Pa. (VRSA Hershey), and its vancomycin-susceptible and high-level-resistant derivatives were studied and compared to 32 methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains (MRSA) isolated from patients and medical staff in contact with the VRSA patient. Derivatives of VRSA were obtained by subculturing six VRSA colonies from the original culture with or without vancomycin. Ten days of drug-free subculture caused the loss of vanA in two vancomycin-susceptible derivatives for which vancomycin MICs were 1 to 4 microg/ml. Multistep selection of three VRSA clones with vancomycin for 10 days increased vancomycin MICs from 32 to 1,024 to 2,048 microg/ml. MICs of teicoplanin, dalbavancin, and oritavancin were also increased from 4, 0.5, and 0.12 to 64, 1, and 32 microg/ml, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing analysis indicated that VRSA Hershey was the vanA-acquired variety of a common MRSA clone in our hospital with sequence type 5 (ST5). Three of five vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus strains tested from geographically different areas were also ST5, and the Michigan VRSA was ST371, a one-allele variant of ST5. Derivatives of VRSA Hershey had differences in PFGE profiles and the size of SmaI fragment that carries the vanA gene cluster, indicating instability of this cluster in VRSA Hershey. However induction with vancomycin increased glycopeptide MICs and stabilized the resistance.

  20. Comparison of PCR/Electron spray Ionization-Time-of-Flight-Mass Spectrometry versus Traditional Clinical Microbiology for active surveillance of organisms contaminating high-use surfaces in a burn intensive care unit, an orthopedic ward and healthcare workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Heather C

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Understanding nosocomial pathogen transmission is restricted by culture limitations. Novel platforms, such as PCR-based electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS, may be useful as investigational tools. Methods Traditional clinical microbiology (TCM and PCR/ESI-TOF-MS were used to recover and detect microorganisms from the hands and personal protective equipment of 10 burn intensive care unit (ICU healthcare workers providing clinical care at a tertiary care military referral hospital. High-use environmental surfaces were assessed in 9 burn ICU and 10 orthopedic patient rooms. Clinical cultures during the study period were reviewed for pathogen comparison with investigational molecular diagnostic methods. Results From 158 samples, 142 organisms were identified by TCM and 718 by PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. The molecular diagnostic method detected more organisms (4.5 ± 2.1 vs. 0.9 ± 0.8, p S. aureus in 13 samples vs. 21 by PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. Gram-negative organisms were less commonly identified than gram-positive by both methods; especially by TCM. Among all detected bacterial species, similar percentages were typical nosocomial pathogens (18-19% for TCM vs. PCR/ESI-TOF-MS. PCR/ESI-TOF-MS also detected mecA in 112 samples, vanA in 13, and KPC-3 in 2. MecA was associated (p S. aureus. No vanA was codetected with enterococci; one KPC-3 was detected without Klebsiella spp. Conclusions In this pilot study, PCR/ESI-TOF-MS detected more organisms, especially gram-negatives, compared to TCM, but the current assay format is limited by the number of antibiotic resistance determinants it covers. Further large-scale assessments of PCR/ESI-TOF-MS for hospital surveillance are warranted.

  1. Water quality and mass transport in four watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico: Chapter E in Water quality and landscape processes of four watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallard, Robert F.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Stallard, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    Water quality of four small watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico has been monitored since 1991 as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's Water, Energy, and Biogeochemical Budgets program. These watersheds represent a montane, humid-tropical environment and differ in geology and land cover. Two watersheds are located on granitic rocks, and two are located on volcaniclastic rock. For each bedrock type, one watershed is covered with mature rainforest in the Luquillo Mountains, and the other watershed is undergoing reforestation after being affected by agricultural practices typical of eastern Puerto Rico. A subwatershed of the Icacos watershed, the Guabá, was also monitored to examine scaling effects. The water quality of the rivers draining forest, in the Icacos and Guabá (granitic watersheds) and Mameyes (a volcaniclastic watershed), show little contamination by human activities. The water is well oxygenated and has a nearly neutral pH, and nutrient concentrations are low. Concentrations of nutrients in the disturbed watersheds, the Cayaguás (granitic rock) and Canóvanas (volcaniclastic rock), are greater than in the forested watersheds, indicating some inputs from human activities. High in-stream productivity in the Canóvanas watershed leads to occasional oxygen and calcite supersaturation and carbon dioxide undersaturation. Suspended sediment concentrations in all watersheds are low, except during major storms. Most dissolved constituents derived from bedrock weathering or atmospheric deposition (including sodium, magnesium, calcium, silica, alkalinity, and chloride) decrease in concentration with increasing runoff, reflecting dilution from increased proportions of overland or near-surface flow. Strongly bioactive constituents (dissolved organic carbon, potassium, nitrate, ammonium ion, and phosphate) commonly display increasing concentration with increasing runoff, regardless of their ultimate origin (bedrock or atmosphere). The concentrations of many of the

  2. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) nanomachines-mechanisms for fluoroquinolone and glycopeptide recognition, efflux and/or deactivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips-Jones, Mary K; Harding, Stephen E

    2018-04-01

    In this review, we discuss mechanisms of resistance identified in bacterial agents Staphylococcus aureus and the enterococci towards two priority classes of antibiotics-the fluoroquinolones and the glycopeptides. Members of both classes interact with a number of components in the cells of these bacteria, so the cellular targets are also considered. Fluoroquinolone resistance mechanisms include efflux pumps (MepA, NorA, NorB, NorC, MdeA, LmrS or SdrM in S. aureus and EfmA or EfrAB in the enterococci) for removal of fluoroquinolone from the intracellular environment of bacterial cells and/or protection of the gyrase and topoisomerase IV target sites in Enterococcus faecalis by Qnr-like proteins. Expression of efflux systems is regulated by GntR-like (S. aureus NorG), MarR-like (MgrA, MepR) regulators or a two-component signal transduction system (TCS) (S. aureus ArlSR). Resistance to the glycopeptide antibiotic teicoplanin occurs via efflux regulated by the TcaR regulator in S. aureus. Resistance to vancomycin occurs through modification of the D-Ala-D-Ala target in the cell wall peptidoglycan and removal of high affinity precursors, or by target protection via cell wall thickening. Of the six Van resistance types (VanA-E, VanG), the VanA resistance type is considered in this review, including its regulation by the VanSR TCS. We describe the recent application of biophysical approaches such as the hydrodynamic technique of analytical ultracentrifugation and circular dichroism spectroscopy to identify the possible molecular effector of the VanS receptor that activates expression of the Van resistance genes; both approaches demonstrated that vancomycin interacts with VanS, suggesting that vancomycin itself (or vancomycin with an accessory factor) may be an effector of vancomycin resistance. With 16 and 19 proteins or protein complexes involved in fluoroquinolone and glycopeptide resistances, respectively, and the complexities of bacterial sensing mechanisms that

  3. Análisis clínico-epidemiológico de la portación intestinal de enterococos resistentes a vancomicina en una unidad de terapia intensiva Clinical and epidemiologic analysis of intestinal tract colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci in an intensive care unit

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    A.M. Togneri

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available En un período de cinco meses y 25 días se investigó la portación intestinal de enterococos resistentes a vancomicina (EVR. Se estudiaron 124 pacientes (73% de 171 admitidos en la unidad de terapia intensiva (UTI, 35 de los cuales (28% resultaron ser portadores. Los aislamientos de EVR (n=35 fueron identificados como Enterococcus faecium (n=18, Enterococcus gallinarum (n=16 y Enterococcus raffinosus (n=1. Todos los aislamientos estudiados fueron resistentes a vancomicina (VAN (CIM90= 512 µg/ml y teicoplanina (CIM90= 32 µg/ml y portaban el gen vanA. Los estudios de tipificación molecular mostraron un alto grado de homología entre los aislamientos de E. faecium (un clon dominante y E. gallinarum (dos tipos clonales, sugiriendo su diseminación a modo de brote. No se encontraron diferencias significativas con la edad y el sexo de los pacientes no portadores (p>0,05, pero si con el tiempo de hospitalización y el uso de esquemas antibióticos de amplio espectro (pIntestinal tract colonization with vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE was studied during five months and 25 days. Out of 171 patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit, 124 (73% were included in this study. Thirty five of them (28% were recognized as colonized with VRE. VRE isolates (n = 35 were identified as Enterococcus faecium (n=18, Enterococcus gallinarum (n=16, and Enterococcus raffinosus (n=1. All of them were resistant to vancomycin (MIC90= 512 µg/ml and to teicoplanin (MIC90= 32 µg/ml, having the vanA gene. By means of molecular methods a high homology was found among E. faecium and E. gallinarum isolates, respectively, suggesting their spread as a kind of outbreak. No significant differences in age or sex were found among colonized and non-colonized patients (p>0.05. On the other hand, the hospitalization time and the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics were associated with colonization. From this study we highlight the importance of enhancing all measures of

  4. Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes against Staphylococcus aureus isolates from Trinidad and Tobago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akpaka, Patrick E; Roberts, Rashida; Monecke, Stefan

    Staphylococcus aureus continues to pose major public health challenges in many areas because of antibiotic resistance problems. In the Caribbean, especially Trinidad and Tobago, the challenge is not different. This study was performed to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance gene prevalence among S. aureus isolates in Trinidad and Tobago. Standard and molecular microbiological methods, including the Microscan automated system, DNA microarray and multi locus sequence typing (MLST) analysis, were performed on 309 clinical S. aureus isolates recovered from patients who were treated at three of the country's main health institutions. S. aureus exhibited susceptibilities ≥80% to eleven of the 19 antimicrobials tested against it, and these belong to the most commonly used and available antibiotics in the country. While the antibiotic to which it was most susceptible of the commonly used antibiotics was trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, the antibiotics to which it was least susceptible or most resistant to were ampicillin and penicillin. S. aureus isolates from the pediatric ward produced the greatest rate of susceptibility among the isolates recovered from patients admitted into hospitals, while isolates from Accident and Emergency rooms displayed the greatest susceptibilities among patients from the community. S. aureus isolates from the country did not harbor acquired resistant genes targeting clindamycin/macrolides (ermB), linezolid (cfr) or vancomycin (vanA). The blaZ gene, which is the most common beta lactam (Penicillinase) resistance mechanism for S. aureus, was observed in 88.7% of the methicillin susceptible S. aureus, while methicillin resistance mediated by the mec gene was present in 13.6%. Most of the resistance markers found in MRSA isolates were significantly associated with the ST239-MRSA-III strain in this study, and all isolates that belonged to the USA300 strain, which additionally encoded both the PVL gene and ACME cluster, belonged to CC8. Several

  5. Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance genes against Staphylococcus aureus isolates from Trinidad and Tobago

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    Patrick E. Akpaka

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Summary: Staphylococcus aureus continues to pose major public health challenges in many areas because of antibiotic resistance problems. In the Caribbean, especially Trinidad and Tobago, the challenge is not different. This study was performed to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance gene prevalence among S. aureus isolates in Trinidad and Tobago.Standard and molecular microbiological methods, including the Microscan automated system, DNA microarray and multi locus sequence typing (MLST analysis, were performed on 309 clinical S. aureus isolates recovered from patients who were treated at three of the country's main health institutions.S. aureus exhibited susceptibilities ≥80% to eleven of the 19 antimicrobials tested against it, and these belong to the most commonly used and available antibiotics in the country. While the antibiotic to which it was most susceptible of the commonly used antibiotics was trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, the antibiotics to which it was least susceptible or most resistant to were ampicillin and penicillin. S. aureus isolates from the pediatric ward produced the greatest rate of susceptibility among the isolates recovered from patients admitted into hospitals, while isolates from Accident and Emergency rooms displayed the greatest susceptibilities among patients from the community.S. aureus isolates from the country did not harbor acquired resistant genes targeting clindamycin/macrolides (ermB, linezolid (cfr or vancomycin (vanA. The blaZ gene, which is the most common beta lactam (Penicillinase resistance mechanism for S. aureus, was observed in 88.7% of the methicillin susceptible S. aureus, while methicillin resistance mediated by the mec gene was present in 13.6%. Most of the resistance markers found in MRSA isolates were significantly associated with the ST239-MRSA-III strain in this study, and all isolates that belonged to the USA300 strain, which additionally encoded both the PVL gene and ACME cluster

  6. Antibiotic resistance in animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Mary D; Pratt, Rachael; Hart, Wendy S

    2003-01-01

    There is currently no systematic surveillance or monitoring of antibiotic resistance in Australian animals. Registration of antibiotics for use in animals is tightly controlled and has been very conservative. Fluoroquinolones have not been registered for use in food producing animals and other products have been removed from the market because of human health concerns. In the late 1970s, the Animal Health Committee coordinated a survey of resistance in Salmonella and Escherichia coli isolates from cattle, pigs and poultry and in bovine Staphylococcus aureus. Some additional information is available from published case reports. In samples collected prior to the withdrawal of avoparcin from the market, no vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium or Enterococcus faecalis were detected in samples collected from pigs, whereas some vanA enterococci, including E. faecium and E. faecalis, were found in chickens. No vanB enterococci were detected in either species. Virginiamycin resistance was common in both pig and poultry isolates. Multiple resistance was common in E. coli and salmonellae isolates. No fluoroquinolone resistance was found in salmonellae, E. coli or Campylobacter. Beta-lactamase production is common in isolates from bovine mastitis, but no methicillin resistance has been detected. However, methicillin resistance has been reported in canine isolates of Staphylococcus intermedius and extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli has been found in dogs.

  7. Draama 2007. Töörahu / Ene Paaver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paaver, Ene, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti draamast. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende näidendeid: Mart Kivastik "Tõnu võitlused", Mart Kivastik "Eesti asi", Mart Kivastik "Sõdur", Mart Kivastik "Kuninga viimane lahing ja ülikooli algus", Mart Kivastik, "Nokia 3310", Andrus Kivirähk "Voldemar", Andrus Kivirähk "Uljas neitsi", Hendrik Toompere "Kommunisti surm", Andres Ehin "Saatuslik kihlvedu ehk Volquin Varbola all", Jan Rahman "Jõujaam", Jaak Kõdar "Muinassaar", Karl Berg "Teekond valguse riiki", Angela Randmets "Lembelood vanas linnas", Toomas Kall "Tähtede sadu", Lauri Vahtre "Muna EÜE", Urmas Espenberg "Kestvad kiiduavaldused", Kalju Saaber "Koduvõõrad", Indrek Hirv "Pauluse kiriku kellad", Katrin Saukas "Võlg", Heidi Sarapuu "Austatud Riigikogu liikmed!", Heidi Sarapuu "Helisev viis", Heidi Sarapuu "Ankur hiivata", Jakob Karu "Vanaema juures", Jim Ashilevi "Nagu poisid vihma käes", Jim Ashilevi "Portselansuits", Eva Koff "Mirr", Jaak Prints "Karaoke", Kati Murutar "Mina, naine!", Ott Aardam "Börs ja Börsitar", Andrus Kivirähk, Jan Rahman, Contra "Kõrts", Mart Kase "Perekond", Villu Tamme "Haned võlgu"; Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi "GEP ehk Gorjatshije estonskije parni"

  8. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting for treatment of superior vena cava obstructive syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Shiwei; Qiao Delin

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting (PTAS) for the treatment of superior vana cava obstructive syndrome (SVCOS). Methods: 15 cases of SVCOS including 10 cases of lung cancer with mediastinal lymphatic metastasis, 3 cases as malignant lymphoma and 2 cases of esophageal cancer with mediastinal lymphadenopathy, were undergone right subclavian vein or elbow vein catheterization for pressure measurement and DSA imaging of SVC with displaying the obstructive characteristics. A self-expanding stent was then implanted through right femoral vein catheterization. Results: 15 cases were all successfully under-taken angioplasty and stenting, except 1 case with a long stricture over 10 cm requiring 2 stents. After successful stent placement, DSA revealed smooth flow of contrast with almost normal diameter of SVC lumen, together with disappearance or relief of SVCOS. The SVC pressure decreased from 30.5±2.3 cmH 2 O down to 8.8 ± 1.5 cmH 2 O after recanalization, with a significant difference in statistics (P<0.01). All the patients were followed up for 6 months and obstructive symptom did not reappear except one case complicated with thrombosis which was treated by regional thrombolysis and balloon dilation leading to obviously improved symptom. Conclusion: PTAS for the treatment of SVCOS is effective, safe, simple and of less complications. (authors)

  9. El teatro Español en Ljubljana entre 1945-1990

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    Rastko Rafael Djordjević

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Una mañana pasada en el archivo del Thatro Nacional de Ljubljana resulta más que suficiente para poder constatar que las obras teatrales españolas han sido estrenadas raramente durante los últimos cuarenta años y esto con mucha irregularidad. Los años cincuenta (el período después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial se mostraron favorables al teatro español; el público de Ljubljana encuentra en las piezas de Lorca y en las del Siglo de Oro algo diferente. Los espectadores viven el destino trágico, la espera vana, el camino irrealizado, Ia muerte con Ia que concluye el anhelo de vivir de los héroes de Lorca; los autores del Siglo de Oro con sus temas caballerescos de honor y de venganza y con su sentido del humor sorprenden y entusiasman. De este modo, se estrenan desde 1949 hasta 1959 tres obras maestras de Lorca:1950 La casa de BemardaAlba,1955 Bodas de sangre y finalmente en 1959 Yerma.

  10. Molecular characterization of vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus isolates from Tehran

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    Shahin Najar-Peerayeh

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the prevalence and some genetic characteristics of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin. Methods: A total of 414 isolates of S. aureus were collected from clinical specimens from hospitals in Tehran. Vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA was determined by brain heart infusion agar containing 4 μg/mL vancomycin screening plate and confirmed via E-test. VISA isolates were analysed for vanA, vanB, mecA, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec types, surface protein A (Spa types and agr specific groups. Results: Brain heart infusion agar containing 4 μg/mL vancomycin screening tests revealed that 17.14% (n = 71 of S. aureus isolates were VISA phenotype. Ten of the 71 isolates were confirmed by E-test method (minimal inhibitory concentration was 4 to 8 μg/mL. All VISA isolates were susceptible to linezolid and 6 isolates (60% were methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Five isolates belonged to agr Group II, 4 belonged to agr Group I and 1 belonged to agr Group III. Spa type t030, and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec Type III were dominant among VISA isolates. Conclusions: This study provides further evidence of the global dissemination of VISA isolates and emphasizes to vancomycin susceptibility testing prior to antibiotic therapy.

  11. Occurrence of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the oral cavity of patients with dental caries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vellappally, Sajith; Divakar, Darshan Devang; Al Kheraif, Abdulaziz Abdullah; Ramakrishnaiah, Ravikumar; Alqahtani, Amer; Dalati, M H N; Anil, Sukumaran; Khan, Aftab Ahmed; Harikrishna Varma, P R

    2017-09-01

    Oral streptococci are the major group of microbes isolated from oral microflora. They represent frequent pathogens of infective endocarditis (IE), and it is assumed that in most of the cases oral streptococci are acquired via mucosa layer of oral cavity. Staphylococcus aureus is also frequently isolated from IE as it accounts for 20%-30% of all cases. Vancomycin has been the most reliable therapeutic agent against infections caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). The main objective of this study was to examine the occurrence of S. aureus species in dental caries specimens. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of S. aureus to four antibiotics namely vancomycin, linezolid, teicoplanin, and daptomycin was performed. Detection of vancomycin resistance was conducted using polymerase chain reaction. Among the tested 150 strains, 98 were MRSA and of that 54 were vancomycin sensitive and 27 were resistant. All 98 MRSA strains were positive for mecA and 36 yielded pvl, whereas 13 carried vanA and only 2 were positive for vanB. Majority of the isolates showed sensitivity toward daptomycin and linezolid. Strains of S. aureus exhibiting decreased susceptibility to different antibiotics like vancomycin, daptomycin, and linezolid severely compromise the therapeutic alternatives and require a considerable amount of time, public awareness, and integrative health-care strategies to prevent the emergence of resistance to these compounds.

  12. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  13. Categorías y sueldos de los maestros nacionales en el primer tercio del s. XX

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    Francisco MARTIN ZÚCategorías yÑIGA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: «¡Ay, de la escuela donde el pobre maestro cuenta impaciente en el reloj los minutos que aún faltan para dar terminada la clase! Y, con efecto, en esta disposición de su ánimo muestra el desaliento de sus antiguas esperanzas; la sombría perspectiva de su porvenir; el desamor hacia una profesión que tal vez alcanzara con anhelo, y el desabrido afán por vender su vana primogenitura a cambio de cualquier otra ocupación que le libere de aquella monotonía, cercana a la esclavitud y verdaderamente valiosa». F. Giner, autor de la cita anterior, culpabiliza de esta situación a la falta de medios, de preparación, de dirección pedagógica y al desinterés por parte del gobierno y de la sociedad en general, que son quienes han permitido el aislamiento, la miseria y el desamparo del maestro. Coincidimos plenamente con la argumentación anterior, pero pensamos que donde más se nota la falta de estimación hacia el magisterio es en su bajo nivel retributivo, problema que ha quedado patente a lo largo del presente estudio.

  14. Lastekirjandus vallutab uusi tippe : eesti lastekirjandus 2009 / Jaanus Vaiksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaiksoo, Jaanus, 1967-

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade 2009. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Kadi Hinrikus "Kui emad olid väikesed", Kristiina Kass "Peeter ja mina", Mika Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Andrus Kivirähk "Kaka ja kevad", Aino Pervik "Ühes väikses veidras linnas", Maarja Undusk "Päkapikk Ingo", Ilmar Tomusk "Vend Johannes", Indrek Koff "Enne kooli", Piret Raud "Härra Linnu lugu", Wimberg "Suur pidusöök", Artur Jurin "Puru kuningriigi lood II", Joonas Sildre "Maailma naba", kogumik "Uued eesti muinasjutud", Aino Pervik "Tirilinna lood", Aimeé Beekman "Päästekoer Walter", Eve Ernis "Karupoeg Nummi seiklused", Priit Aimla "Torisev vanatoi", Juhani Püttsepp "Väikese hundi lood" ja "Lauajupi Madonna", Epp Petrone "Siis, kui seened veel rääkisid", Heiki Vilep "Habemega nali", "Nõiutud linn", Leelo Tungal "Naljatilgad lähevad laulupeole", "Kama üks ja kama kaks", koos Peep Pedmansoniga Miriami lood"(esimene 3D-piltidega lasteraamat), Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik" 2. osa, Mare Müürsepp "Viis vaba kutsikat", Tiia Selli "Kass Kriibik", Aleksei Turovski "Kassipoeg Võilill", Kaider Vardja "Vana maja lugu", Merca "Mullivesi", Ülle Kütsen "Väike puu ja rändur kuu", Lehte Hainsalu "Mängiks midagi", Peep Veedla "Pöialpoiss"

  15. "Ringlemise viis, millesse me kinni jäime : kurvad, heitlikud, lootusrikkad..." : [luuletused] / Joni Pyysalo ; soome keelest tõlkinud Marko Martinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pyysalo, Joni

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: "Ringlemise viis, millesse me kinni jäime: kurvad, heitlikud, lootusrikkad..." ; "Tundmatu linnu huige öisel nõmmel, kordub saamata vastust, vannitoa..." ; "Aga armastus on umbrohi: leiab üles iga võimaluse, iga prao, iga nõrga koha." ; "Oma nõrkuse asetad sõrmeotsa ta silmalaule..." ; "Sa magad kaua, äratad ikka veel selle igatsuse..." ; "Mitu korda ütleb ta lihtsat su nime ja ei jõua lõpuni..." ; "Su hingamine on meister, kui on kiirus peal..." ; "Haige männi latv nagu riidepuu konks..." ; "Aga mingid rahustid ei rahusta enam..." ; "Harva nii ärkvel, et saad aru, mis lahti..." ; "Kui 90-ndate muusikat mängitakse raadios nagu minevikku..." ; "Hommikud peavad olema õrnad siin, kus magatakse üksi..." ; "Kõik on võimalik..." ; "Laps uninub lõpuks..." ; "Maailm, et oleks ometi, millega kalibreerida..." ; "Naine püüab pimeduses nutta nii tasakesi..:" ; "Õunapuu all istub tool..." ; "Mälu tahab meile öelda..." ; "Nii nagu väikeste tissidega naisel ei lähe vaja rinnahoidjaid..." ; "Ma sätin su tekki paremini, nagu kohendaksin tuld..." ; "Mitte keegi pole mu tahtele niimoodi vastu hakanud..." ; "Kolgin vana maja keldris mutrivõtmega..." ; "Naine magab, nägu seina poole, mees tuleb teki alla, kõverdab põlved..." I-III ; "Katus sulab ööga kokku..."

  16. The frequency of resistance to antibiotics of most frequently isolated bacteria from blood cultures during the period 1997-2002

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    Mirović Veljko

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of resistance to antibiotics of the most frequently isolated bacteria from blood cultures of hospitalized patients during the period 1997-2002. The resistance to antibiotics was determined by disk diffusion method according to National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards procedures. The majority of staphylococci isolates were resistant to methicillin, and the proportion of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was stable (76.8-81.6%, during the follow-up period. None of the staphylococci isolates were resistant to vancomycin, but there was a very high incidence of high-level resistance of enterococci to aminoglycosides (47.2-72.2%. In 1998, only one strain among enterococci was resistant to vancomycin (Enterococcus faecium, VanA fenotype. Enterococcus spp isolates expressed variable frequency of resistance to ampicillin (15-40.1% during the follow-up period. Among Enterobacteriaceae there were no isolates resistant to imipenem, but dramatic increase of the resistance to ceftriaxone was found from 35.9% in 1997 to 95.9% in 2002 (p<0.001. Extended spectrum beta-lactamases production was found in all the species of enterobacteria isolates. Resistance to imipenem was observed in Acinetobacter spp isolates in 2002 for the first time. Pseudomonas spp isolates expressed high and very variable resistance to all antibiotics tested during the follow-up period.

  17. Vancomycin resistant enterococci in farm animals – occurrence and importance

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    Oskar Nilsson

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The view on enterococci has over the years shifted from harmless commensals to opportunistic but important pathogens mainly causing nosocomial infections. One important part of this development is the emergence of vancomycin resistance enterococci (VRE. The term VRE includes several combinations of bacterial species and resistance genes of which the most clinically important is Enterococcus faecium with vanA type vancomycin resistance. This variant is also the most common VRE among farm animals. The reason for VRE being present among farm animals is selection by extensive use of the vancomycin analog avoparcin for growth promotion. Once the use of avoparcin was discontinued, the prevalence of VRE among farm animals decreased. However, VRE are still present among farm animals and by spread via food products they could potentially have a negative impact on public health. This review is based on the PhD thesis Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci in Swedish Broilers – Emergence, Epidemiology and Elimination and makes a short summary of VRE in humans and food producing animals. The specific situation regarding VRE in Swedish broiler production is also mentioned.

  18. Blood cell mRNAs and microRNAs: optimized protocols for extraction and preservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eikmans, Michael; Rekers, Niels V; Anholts, Jacqueline D H; Heidt, Sebastiaan; Claas, Frans H J

    2013-03-14

    Assessing messenger RNA (mRNA) and microRNA levels in peripheral blood cells may complement conventional parameters in clinical practice. Working with small, precious samples requires optimal RNA yields and minimal RNA degradation. Several procedures for RNA extraction and complementary DNA (cDNA) synthesis were compared for their efficiency. The effect on RNA quality of freeze-thawing peripheral blood cells and storage in preserving reagents was investigated. In terms of RNA yield and convenience, quality quantitative polymerase chain reaction signals per nanogram of total RNA and using NucleoSpin and mirVana columns is preferable. The SuperScript III protocol results in the highest cDNA yields. During conventional procedures of storing peripheral blood cells at -180°C and thawing them thereafter, RNA integrity is maintained. TRIzol preserves RNA in cells stored at -20°C. Detection of mRNA levels significantly decreases in degraded RNA samples, whereas microRNA molecules remain relatively stable. When standardized to reference targets, mRNA transcripts and microRNAs can be reliably quantified in moderately degraded (quality index 4-7) and severely degraded (quality index <4) RNA samples, respectively. We describe a strategy for obtaining high-quality and quantity RNA from fresh and stored cells from blood. The results serve as a guideline for sensitive mRNA and microRNA expression assessment in clinical material.

  19. Asuntos académicos de la Facultad. El gran propósito de la odontología nacional. Aspectos orales en el estudio de recursos humanos para la salud y educación médica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Cortés Olivera

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A partir de 1964, cuando los responsables de la educación odontológica en México (Segundo Congreso Latinoamericano sobre enseñanza de Odontología decidieron adicionar formalmente el enfoque social a las experiencias curriculares, es mucho lo que se ha documentado del tema. Es por ello que la literatura que lo abarca es particularmente rica y variada, con un marco teórico y conceptual bien definido; razones que limitan el desarrollo de ideas y opiniones en este campo y que hacen temer incursiones vanas o exploración de lugares comunes. Pese a lo expuesto, el análisis acerca de la forma como la profesión Odontológica funciona y, en especial, los resultados obtenidos hasta el momento, conduce a la necesidad de precisar algunos conceptos, de reflexionar sobre el origen de la profesión y el papel que le corresponde cumplir en la comunidad en la cual está inmersa. 

  20. «Daños, engaños y desengaños, frutos son de los años»: el valor semántico de la rima en los sonetos barrocos españoles sobre la fugacidad de la vida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Špela Oman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los temas más recurrentes del Barroco es, sin duda, el del tempus fugit que da lugar a numerosas reflexiones sobre la brevedad de la vida, la fugacidad de lo terreno y la omnipresencia de la muerte en la poesía áurea española. En los sonetos barrocos sobre la fugacidad, la obsesión barroca por el tiempo puede observarse también a nivel de la rima que, lejos de ser un mero recurso fónico y ornamental, aporta al poema un importante valor semántico. Entre palabras rimadas, como p. ej. años / daños / engaños / desengaños o mañana / vana, jornada / nada que aparecen casi de forma obsesiva a lo largo de toda la poesía barroca, se establecen vínculos semáticos que subrayan el tema principal del soneto. Del mismo modo, palabras como encina / ruina, vida / desvanecida, humano / gusano, dentro de un soneto sobre lo efímero de la vida, a pesar de la alteridad de sus significados, guardan una estrecha relación, llamando la atención sobre los efectos devastadores del fluir del tiempo. La rima funciona así como uno de los ejes del sentido y uno de los recursos para cumplir con la tendencia barroca a la unidad.

  1. Getting insight into the prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes in specimens of marketed edible insects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanović, Vesna; Osimani, Andrea; Pasquini, Marina; Aquilanti, Lucia; Garofalo, Cristiana; Taccari, Manuela; Cardinali, Federica; Riolo, Paola; Clementi, Francesca

    2016-06-16

    This study was aimed at investigating the occurrence of 11 transferable antibiotic resistance (AR) genes [erm(A), erm(B), erm(C), vanA, vanB, tet(M), tet(O), tet(S), tet(K), mecA, blaZ] in 11 species of marketed edible insects (small crickets powder, small crickets, locusts, mealworm larvae, giant waterbugs, black ants, winged termite alates, rhino beetles, mole crickets, silkworm pupae, and black scorpions) in order to provide a first baseline for risk assessment. Among the AR genes under study, tet(K) occurred with the highest frequency, followed by erm(B), tet(S) and blaZ. A high variability was seen among the samples, in terms of occurrence of different AR determinants. Cluster Analysis and Principal Coordinates Analysis allowed the 11 samples to be grouped in two main clusters, one including all but one samples produced in Thailand and the other including those produced in the Netherlands. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Microbiological characterization of aquatic microbiomes targeting taxonomical marker genes and antibiotic resistance genes of opportunistic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Johannes; Bollmann, Anna; Seitz, Wolfram; Schwartz, Thomas

    2015-04-15

    The dissemination of medically relevant antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) (blaVIM-1, vanA, ampC, ermB, and mecA) and opportunistic bacteria (Enterococcus faecium/faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacteriaceae, Staphylococcus aureus, and CNS) was determined in different anthropogenically influenced aquatic habitats in a selected region of Germany. Over a period of two years, four differently sized wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with and without clinical influence, three surface waters, four rain overflow basins, and three groundwater sites were analyzed by quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). Results were calculated in cell equivalents per 100 ng of total DNA extracted from water samples and per 100 mL sample volume, which seems to underestimate the abundance of antibiotic resistance and opportunistic bacteria. High abundances of opportunistic bacteria and ARG were quantified in clinical wastewaters and influents of the adjacent WWTP. The removal capacities of WWTP were up to 99% for some, but not all investigated bacteria. The abundances of most ARG targets were found to be increased in the bacterial population after conventional wastewater treatment. As a consequence, downstream surface water and also some groundwater compartments displayed high abundances of all four ARGs. It became obvious that the dynamics of the ARG differed from the fate of the opportunistic bacteria. This underlines the necessity of an advanced microbial characterization of anthropogenically influenced environments. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Mu süda on mägedes : [luuletused] / Robert Burns ; tlk. Ralf Parve, Ants Oras, Urmas Tõnisson, Kullo Vende, Mart Mäger, Georg Eduard Luiga, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Karl August Hermann, Johannes Vau, Lydia Koidula, Ado Grenzstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, Robert, 1759-1796

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Mu süda on mägedes ; Hing mägises Shotis ; Mu isa oli farmer ; Künnipoiss ; Noor neiu vanal mehel ; Vana Rob Morris ; Meg veskilt ; Veski-Meg ; Willie pruulis õlut ; John Odratera ; Hägisele ; Shotlased, nüüd seiske kindlad! ; Invernessi neid ; Kuradi tants aktsiisiametnikuga ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / tlk. Ralf Parve ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / / tlk. Ants Oras ; Nii ja naa ; Hiirele ; Eleegia Peg Nicholsoni surma puhul ; Vaga Willie palve ; Epitaaf vagale Willièle ; Värsid poeet Fergussoni portree alla ; Lõikuskuu laul ; On kaldal kõrkjad reas ; Mu arm on nagu ruske roos ; Mu arm... ; Oo, mu arm on verev, verev roos ; Esimene suudlus lahkudes ; Mõte karmist saatusest ; Oh näeksin tühja nõmme peal ; Kui näeksin ; "Kui üksi olles näeksid, neid..." ; Käies pikas rohus ; Värsiread ; Mind naine tihti taob ; Rõõmus lesk ; Willie Wastleì naine ; Mul on naine ; John Anderson / tlk. Urmas Tõnisson ; Jaan Anderson / tlk. Karl August Hermann ; Sügiselaul ; Kündja ja lill ; Kodu ; Ometi ; Kõige kiuste ; Kui õis, mis õitseb heinamaal ; Põlev armastus ; Hans ja Krõõt : [luuletused]. Epigramme: Raamatukoi ; Impromptu ; Puudus. Ammustele aegadele : [luuletus]. Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 179

  4. Proosa 1977. Kirjanduse argipäev / Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Mall, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    Sisaldab joonealuseid märkusi ja bibliograafiat. - Varem ilmunud Looming 1978, nr. 2. - Ülevaade 1977. aastal ilmunud eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ustav Mikelsaar "Ohver", Lembit Kivisaar "Vana diivan", Albert Uustulnd "Avali väraval", Asta Põldmäe "Me", Lilli Promet "Tüdrukud taevast", Nikolai Baturin "Leiud kajast", Aadu Hint "Oma saar", Paul Kuusberg "Linnukesega", Aimée Beekman "Sugupuu", Mari Saat "Mida teha emaga?", Veera Saar "Isa niinepuu", Villem Gross "Vaikimise motiivid", Jüri Tuulik "Meretagune asi", Aira Kaal "Teedla Riia aknas põleb tuli", Tõnis Lehtmets "Tume laas", Väino Ilus "Kinsli peremehed", Einar Maasik "Hispaania tants", Aino Müür "Linnuvere lugu", Jaan Kross "Kolme katku vahel" 3. osa, Endel Nirk "Kaanekukk", Paul Kuusberg "Võõras või õige mees", Toomas Vint "Perekondlikud mängud", Ine Viiding "Kümme käsku kaaskodanikele", Mats Traat "Irdinimene. Türgi oad", Teet Kallas "Õhtuvalgus", Teet Kallas "Insener Paberiti juhtum", Einar Maasik "Üksinda detsembris", Enn Vetemaa "Hõbedaketrajad", Herta Laipaik "Kummitus muusikatoas. Doktor Vallaku mõistatus", Raimond Kaugver "Külalisteraamat"

  5. Iterative Chemical Engineering of Vancomycin Leads to Novel Vancomycin Analogs With a High in Vitro Therapeutic Index

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    Nigam M. Mishra

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that inhibits transpeptidation during cell wall synthesis by binding to the D-Ala-D-Ala termini of lipid II. For long, it has been used as a last resort antibiotic. However, since the emergence of the first vancomycin-resistant enterococci in 1987, vancomycin resistance has become widespread, especially in hospitals. We have synthesized and evaluated 110 vancomycin analogs modified at the C-terminal carboxyl group of the heptapeptide moiety with R2NHR1NH2 substituents. Through iterative optimizations of the substituents, we identified vancomycin analogs that fully restore (or even exceed the original inhibitory activity against vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE, vancomycin-intermediate (VISA and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA strains. The best analogs have improved growth inhibitory activity and in vitro therapeutic indices against a broad set of VRE and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA isolates. They also exceed the activity of vancomycin against Clostridium difficile ribotypes. Vanc-39 and Vanc-42 have a low probability to provoke antibiotic resistance, and overcome different vancomycin resistance mechanisms (VanA, VanB, and VanC1.

  6. Antimicrobial resistance in gram-positive pathogens isolated in the UK between October 1996 and January 1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, J; Ashby, J; Jevons, G; Lines, N; Wise, R

    1999-05-01

    Antimicrobial resistance in gram-positive pathogens from 30 centres in the UK (ten Teaching, ten Associate Teaching and ten District General Hospitals) was studied over a 4 month period between October 1996 and January 1997. High-level resistance (HLR) and low-level resistance (LLR) to penicillin amongst pneumococci was 3.3% and 3.4%, respectively. However, considerable variation in resistance rates was observed depending on geographical location (LLR range 0-15.4% and HLR range 0-30.8%). Considerable variation in resistance rates was also observed for Staphylococcus aureus to methicillin, with rates ranging from 0% to 56.7% depending on locality. Using conventional MIC methodology, none of the isolates of S. aureus was considered as having reduced sensitivity to vancomycin. However, eight isolates grew on Brain Heart Infusion Agar containing vancomycin (4 mg/L) after prolonged incubation and are therefore worthy of further investigation by electron microscopy. With Enterococcus faecalis, resistance rates were similar between the three types of hospital and only four isolates were considered resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics (one vanA and three vanB phenotype).

  7. Epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at two referral centers in Tehran, Iran: a descriptive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nateghian, A; Robinson, J L; Arjmandi, K; Vosough, P; Karimi, A; Behzad, A; Navidnia, M

    2011-05-01

    Risk factors for colonization with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) vary by population and locale. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for VRE colonization in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Tehran. Stools were collected from children with ALL at the Ali Asghar Children's Hospital and the Mahak Pediatric Oncology Center between March 2007 and October 2008. Demographic features and potential risk factors for VRE colonization, including duration of ALL, presence of severe neutropenia in the preceding month, receipt of antibiotics in the preceding 3 months, concurrent medical problems, days of hospitalization, and the need for intensive care since the time of diagnosis of ALL, were recorded. VRE was identified from stools in 33 of 130 children with ALL (25%). No clear risk factors were identified for VRE colonization in the current study, but there was a trend towards an increased prevalence in children admitted to the intensive care unit since their ALL diagnosis (p=0.07). The VanA genotype was found in 28 of the 33 stools (85%), with all other enterococci being VanB. The prevalence of VRE colonization in children with ALL in Tehran is high. Modifiable risk factors have not been identified. The implementation of routine surveillance for colonization and an increased emphasis on adherence to standard infection control precautions may prevent spread. Copyright © 2011 International Society for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE IN LACTIC ACID BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM FERMENTED DAIRY PRODUCTS AND BOZA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze Başbülbül

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the resistance of 83 strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Turkish cheese, yogurt, kefir and boza samples to 6 antibiotics (gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, vancomycin and ciprofloxacin was evaluated. The 83 isolates were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and according to BLAST comparisons with sequences in the data banks, those strains showing the highest similarities with the isolates were Enterococcus faecium (10, Lactococcus lactis subsp. Lactis (10, Lactobacillus fermentum (6, Lactobacillus plantarum (6, Lactobacillus coryniformis (7, Lactobacillus casei (13, Leuconostoc mesenteroides (14, Pediococcus pentosaceus (10, Weisella confusa (7. Antimicrobial resistance of strains to 6 antibiotics was determined using the agar dilution method. The antibiotic resistance among all the isolates was detected against chloramphenicol (31,3 % of the isolates, tetracycline (30,1 %, erythromycin (2,4 %, ciprofloxacin (2,41%, vancomycin (73,5 %, intrinsic resistance. Overall 19,3 % of the isolates showed resistance against multiple antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance genes were studied by PCR and the following genes were detected; tet(M gene in Lactobacillus fermentum (1, Lactobacillus plantarum (1, Pediococcus pentosaceus (5, Enterococcus faecium (2, Weisella confusa (4 and the vancomycin resistance gene van(A in one Weisella confusa strain.

  9. Abundances of Clinically Relevant Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Community Diversity in the Weihe River, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojuan Wang

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The spread of antibiotic resistance genes in river systems is an emerging environmental issue due to their potential threat to aquatic ecosystems and public health. In this study, we used droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR to evaluate pollution with clinically relevant antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs at 13 monitoring sites along the main stream of the Weihe River in China. Six clinically relevant ARGs and a class I integron-integrase (intI1 gene were analyzed using ddPCR, and the bacterial community was evaluated based on the bacterial 16S rRNA V3–V4 regions using MiSeq sequencing. The results indicated Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, and Bacteroidetes as the dominant phyla in the water samples from the Weihe River. Higher abundances of blaTEM, strB, aadA, and intI1 genes (103 to 105 copies/mL were detected in the surface water samples compared with the relatively low abundances of strA, mecA, and vanA genes (0–1.94 copies/mL. Eight bacterial genera were identified as possible hosts of the intI1 gene and three ARGs (strA, strB, and aadA based on network analysis. The results suggested that the bacterial community structure and horizontal gene transfer were associated with the variations in ARGs.

  10. Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantosti, Annalisa; Sanchini, Andrea; Monaco, Monica

    2007-06-01

    Staphylococcus aureus can exemplify better than any other human pathogen the adaptive evolution of bacteria in the antibiotic era, as it has demonstrated a unique ability to quickly respond to each new antibiotic with the development of a resistance mechanism, starting with penicillin and methicillin, until the most recent, linezolid and daptomycin. Resistance mechanisms include enzymatic inactivation of the antibiotic (penicillinase and aminoglycoside-modification enzymes), alteration of the target with decreased affinity for the antibiotic (notable examples being penicillin-binding protein 2a of methicillin-resistant S. aureus and D-Ala-D-Lac of peptidoglycan precursors of vancomycin-resistant strains), trapping of the antibiotic (for vancomycin and possibly daptomycin) and efflux pumps (fluoroquinolones and tetracycline). Complex genetic arrays (staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec elements or the vanA operon) have been acquired by S. aureus through horizontal gene transfer, while resistance to other antibiotics, including some of the most recent ones (e.g., fluoroquinolones, linezolid and daptomycin) have developed through spontaneous mutations and positive selection. Detection of the resistance mechanisms and their genetic basis is an important support to antibiotic susceptibility surveillance in S. aureus.

  11. Landslides and sediment budgets in four watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico: Chapter F in Water quality and landscape processes of four watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Matthew C.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Stallard, Robert F.

    2012-01-01

    The low-latitude regions of the Earth are undergoing profound, rapid landscape change as forests are converted to agriculture to support growing population. Understanding the effects of these land-use changes requires analysis of watershed-scale geomorphic processes to better inform and manage this usually disorganized process. The investigation of hillslope erosion and the development of sediment budgets provides essential information for resource managers. Four small, montane, humid-tropical watersheds in the Luquillo Experimental Forest and nearby Río Grande de Loíza watershed, Puerto Rico (18° 20' N., 65° 45' W.), were selected to compare and contrast the geomorphic effects of land use and bedrock geology. Two of the watersheds are underlain largely by resistant Cretaceous volcaniclastic rocks but differ in land use and mean annual runoff: the Mameyes watershed, with predominantly primary forest cover and runoff of 2,750 millimeters per year, and the Canóvanas watershed, with mixed secondary forest and pasture and runoff of 970 millimeters per year. The additional two watersheds are underlain by relatively erodible granitic bedrock: the forested Icacos watershed, with runoff of 3,760 millimeters per year and the agriculturally developed Cayaguás watershed, with a mean annual runoff of 1,620 millimeters per year. Annual sediment budgets were estimated for each watershed using landslide, slopewash, soil creep, treethrow, suspended sediment, and streamflow data. The budgets also included estimates of sediment storage in channel beds, bars, floodplains, and in colluvial deposits. In the two watersheds underlain by volcaniclastic rocks, the forested Mameyes and the developed Canóvanas watersheds, landslide frequency (0.21 and 0.04 landslides per square kilometer per year, respectively), slopewash (5 and 30 metric tons per square kilometer per year), and suspended sediment yield (325 and 424 metric tons per square kilometer per year), were lower than in the

  12. CT diagnosis of tumor thrombus of the renal vein and inferior vena cava

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masuda, Fujio; Chen, Zuicho; Oishi, Yukihiko; Machida, Toyohei

    1980-01-01

    We used computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis in 4 cases of renal tumor associated with tumor thrombus of the renal vein and inferior vana cava. The results obtained are described below: A total of 4 cases consisting of 3 cases of renal cell carcinoma and one case of squamous cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis, treated at the Jikei University Hospital during the six months period from January to June of 1979, were studied. The affected side was right in 3 cases and left in one case. In all of the former cases the tumor thrombus was extending from the renal vein to the inferior vena cava, while in the latter case it was confined in the renal vein. All these 4 cases received CT together with renal arteriography and inferior venacavography, followed by nephrectomy, and were confirmed of the presence of tumor thrombus in the renal vein and inferior vena cava operatively. CT findings revealed a pronounced enlargement of the renal vein, and tumor thrombus of the renal vein was diagnosed in all of the 4 cases. In 2 of 3 cases in which tumor thrombus extended to the inferior vena cava, the dilated renal vein was found to be connected to the slightly dilated inferior vena cava, while in the remaining one case the outline of the inferior vena cava was obscure, showing no clear dilatation. After contrast enhancement, a filling defect was seen in the inferior vena cava. CT findings of tumor thrombus in the vein indicated a dilatation of the renal vein and inferior vena cava. In addition, a filling defect was found after contrast enhancement, suggesting that CT is helpful as a diagnostic aid. (author)

  13. [Vancomycin-resistant enterococci - the nature of resistance and risk of transmission from animals to humans].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermanovská, Lýdia; Bardoň, Jan; Čermák, Pavel

    2016-06-01

    Enterococci are part of the normal intestinal flora of humans and animals. Under certain circumstances, they are capable of extraintestinal conversion to opportunistic pathogens. They cause endogenous as well as exogenous community and nosocomial infections. The gastrointestinal tract of mammals provides them with favorable conditions for acquisition and spread of resistance genes, for example to vancomycin (van), from other symbiotic bacteria. Thus, vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) become potential reservoirs and vectors of the van genes. Their occurrence in the population of the Czech Republic was first reported by Kolář et al. in 1997. Some variants of the vanA gene cluster carried on Tn1546 which encode resistance to vancomycin are identical in humans and in animals. It means that animals, especially cattle, poultry and pigs, could be an important reservoir of VRE for humans. Kolář and Bardoň detected VRE in animals in the Czech Republic for the first time in 2000. In Europe, the glycopeptide antibiotic avoparcin, used as a growth stimulator, is responsible for selection of VRE strains in animals. Strains of Enterococcus faecium from animals may offer genes of antimicrobial resistance to other enterococci or they can be directly dangerous to human. This is demonstrated by finding isolates of E. faecalis from human patients and from pigs having very similar profiles of resistance and virulence genes. The goal of the paper was to point out the similarity between isolates of human and animal strains of enterococci resistant to vancomycin, and the possibility of their bilateral transfer between humans and animals.

  14. The current MLVA typing scheme for Enterococcus faecium is less discriminatory than MLST and PFGE for epidemic-virulent, hospital-adapted clonal types

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    Klare Ingo

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MLVA (multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis is a reliable typing technique introduced recently to differentiate also isolates of Enterococcus faecium. We used the established VNTR (variable number of tandem repeats scheme to test its suitability to differentiate 58 E. faecium isolates representing mainly outbreaks and clusters of infections and colonizations among patients from 31 German hospitals. All isolates were vancomycin-resistant (vanA type. Typing results for MLVA are compared with results of macrorestriction analysis in PFGE (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and MLST (multi-locus sequence typing. Results All 51 but one hospital isolates from 1996–2006 were assigned to the clonal complex (CC of epidemic-virulent, hospital-adapted lineages (MLST CC-17; MLVA CC-1 and differed from isolates of sporadic infections and colonizations (n = 7; 1991–1995 and other non-hospital origins (n = 27. Typing of all 58 hospital VRE revealed MLVA as the least discriminatory method (Simpson's diversity index 0.847 when compared to MLST (0.911 and PFGE (0.976. The two most common MLVA types MT-1 (n = 16 and MT-159 (n = 14 combined isolates of several MLST types including also major epidemic, hospital-adapted, clonal types (MT-1: ST-17, ST-18, ST-280, ST-282; MT-159: ST-78, ST-192, ST-203. These data clearly indicate that non-related E. faecium could possess an identical MLVA type being especially critical when MLVA is used to elucidate supposed outbreaks with E. faecium within a single or among different hospitals. Stability of a given MLVA profile MT-12 (ST-117 during an outbreak over a period of five years was also shown. Conclusion MLVA is a suitable method to assign isolates of E. faecium into distinct clonal complexes. To investigate outbreaks the current MLVA typing scheme for E. faecium does not discriminate enough and cannot be recommended as a standard superior to PFGE.

  15. Prevalence and characterization of multidrug-resistant zoonotic Enterobacter spp. in poultry of Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandi, Shuvro Prokash; Sultana, Munawar; Hossain, M Anwar

    2013-05-01

    Poultry and poultry products are major contributors of zoonotic pathogens. Limited data are available on Enterobacter spp. as a potent zoonotic pathogen in poultry. The present study is a first endeavor on the emergence of multidrug-resistant zoonotic Enterobacter spp. and its prevalence arising from poultry in Bangladesh. Cloacal swabs from poultry samples of five different farms at Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh were collected and from 106 isolates, 18 presumptive Enterobacter spp. were obtained. Antibiogram using 19 used antibiotics belonging to 15 major groups revealed that all of the 18 isolates were completely resistant to penicillin and rifampicin, but differed in their drug resistance pattern against ampicillin (94.4%), clindamycin (94.4%), erythromycin (94.4%), vancomycin (88.9%), sulfonamides (72.2%), imipenem (66.6%), streptomycin (55.6%), nitrofurantoin (33.3%), doxycycline (33.3%), tetracyclines (33.3%), cefepime (11.1%), and gentamicin (5.6%). All Enterobacter spp. were found to be plasmid free, implying that multidrug-resistant properties are chromosomal borne. The vanA and sulI were detected by polymerase chain reaction assay in 17 and 13 isolates, respectively. Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA distributed the 18 multidrug-resistant Enterobacter spp. into three genotypes. Phylogenetic analysis of the representatives of the three genotypes using partial 16S rRNA gene sequence (approximately 900 bp) showed that the genotypically diverse groups belonged to Enterobacter hormaechei, E. cloacae, and E. cancerogenus, respectively. The clinical significance of the close relative Enterobacter spp. is indicative of their zoonotic potential. Therefore, urgent intervention is required to limit the emergence and spread of these bacteria in poultry feed as well as prudent use of antibiotics among poultry farmers in Bangladesh.

  16. Occurrence of transferable antibiotic resistances in commercialized ready-to-eat mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osimani, Andrea; Cardinali, Federica; Aquilanti, Lucia; Garofalo, Cristiana; Roncolini, Andrea; Milanović, Vesna; Pasquini, Marina; Tavoletti, Stefano; Clementi, Francesca

    2017-12-18

    The present study aimed to assess the occurrence of transferable determinants conferring resistance to tetracyclines, macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B, vancomycin, beta-lactams, and aminoglycosides in 40 samples of commercialized edible mealworms (Tenebrio molitor L.) purchased from European Union (EU) and non-EU producers. A high prevalence of tet(K) was observed in all of the samples assayed, with percentages of PCR-based positivity that ranged from 80% (samples from Thailand) to 100% (samples from the Netherlands, Belgium and France). For macrolides, erm(B) prevailed, being detected in 57.5% of the samples assayed, whereas erm(A) and erm(C) were detected with lower frequencies. Genes for resistance to vancomycin were only detected in samples produced in France and Belgium, with 90% and 10% of the samples being positive for vanA, respectively. Beta-lactamase genes were found with low occurrence, whereas the gene aac-aph, conferring high resistance to aminoglycosides, was found in 40% of the samples produced in the Netherlands and Belgium and 20% of the samples produced in Thailand. The results of Principal Coordinate Analysis and Principal Component Analysis depicted a clean separation of the samples collected from the four producers based on the distribution of the 12 AR determinants considered. Given the growing interest on the use of mealworms as a novel protein source, AR detection frequencies found in the present study suggest further investigation into the use of antibiotics during rearing of this insect species and more extensive studies focused on the factors that can affect the diffusion of transferable ARs in the production chain. Until such studies are completed, prudent use of antibiotics during rearing of edible insects is recommended. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Appearances can be deceptive: revealing a hidden viral infection with deep sequencing in a plant quarantine context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candresse, Thierry; Filloux, Denis; Muhire, Brejnev; Julian, Charlotte; Galzi, Serge; Fort, Guillaume; Bernardo, Pauline; Daugrois, Jean-Heindrich; Fernandez, Emmanuel; Martin, Darren P; Varsani, Arvind; Roumagnac, Philippe

    2014-01-01

    Comprehensive inventories of plant viral diversity are essential for effective quarantine and sanitation efforts. The safety of regulated plant material exchanges presently relies heavily on techniques such as PCR or nucleic acid hybridisation, which are only suited to the detection and characterisation of specific, well characterised pathogens. Here, we demonstrate the utility of sequence-independent next generation sequencing (NGS) of both virus-derived small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and virion-associated nucleic acids (VANA) for the detailed identification and characterisation of viruses infecting two quarantined sugarcane plants. Both plants originated from Egypt and were known to be infected with Sugarcane streak Egypt Virus (SSEV; Genus Mastrevirus, Family Geminiviridae), but were revealed by the NGS approaches to also be infected by a second highly divergent mastrevirus, here named Sugarcane white streak Virus (SWSV). This novel virus had escaped detection by all routine quarantine detection assays and was found to also be present in sugarcane plants originating from Sudan. Complete SWSV genomes were cloned and sequenced from six plants and all were found to share >91% genome-wide identity. With the exception of two SWSV variants, which potentially express unusually large RepA proteins, the SWSV isolates display genome characteristics very typical to those of all other previously described mastreviruses. An analysis of virus-derived siRNAs for SWSV and SSEV showed them to be strongly influenced by secondary structures within both genomic single stranded DNA and mRNA transcripts. In addition, the distribution of siRNA size frequencies indicates that these mastreviruses are likely subject to both transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing. Our study stresses the potential advantages of NGS-based virus metagenomic screening in a plant quarantine setting and indicates that such techniques could dramatically reduce the numbers of non

  18. Appearances can be deceptive: revealing a hidden viral infection with deep sequencing in a plant quarantine context.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Candresse

    Full Text Available Comprehensive inventories of plant viral diversity are essential for effective quarantine and sanitation efforts. The safety of regulated plant material exchanges presently relies heavily on techniques such as PCR or nucleic acid hybridisation, which are only suited to the detection and characterisation of specific, well characterised pathogens. Here, we demonstrate the utility of sequence-independent next generation sequencing (NGS of both virus-derived small interfering RNAs (siRNAs and virion-associated nucleic acids (VANA for the detailed identification and characterisation of viruses infecting two quarantined sugarcane plants. Both plants originated from Egypt and were known to be infected with Sugarcane streak Egypt Virus (SSEV; Genus Mastrevirus, Family Geminiviridae, but were revealed by the NGS approaches to also be infected by a second highly divergent mastrevirus, here named Sugarcane white streak Virus (SWSV. This novel virus had escaped detection by all routine quarantine detection assays and was found to also be present in sugarcane plants originating from Sudan. Complete SWSV genomes were cloned and sequenced from six plants and all were found to share >91% genome-wide identity. With the exception of two SWSV variants, which potentially express unusually large RepA proteins, the SWSV isolates display genome characteristics very typical to those of all other previously described mastreviruses. An analysis of virus-derived siRNAs for SWSV and SSEV showed them to be strongly influenced by secondary structures within both genomic single stranded DNA and mRNA transcripts. In addition, the distribution of siRNA size frequencies indicates that these mastreviruses are likely subject to both transcriptional and post-transcriptional gene silencing. Our study stresses the potential advantages of NGS-based virus metagenomic screening in a plant quarantine setting and indicates that such techniques could dramatically reduce the numbers of non

  19. Trends of Bloodstream Infections in a University Greek Hospital during a Three-Year Period: Incidence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Seasonality in Gram-negative Predominance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolonitsiou, Fevronia; Papadimitriou-Olivgeris, Matthaios; Spiliopoulou, Anastasia; Stamouli, Vasiliki; Papakostas, Vasileios; Apostolopoulou, Eleni; Panagiotopoulos, Christos; Marangos, Markos; Anastassiou, Evangelos D; Christofidou, Myrto; Spiliopoulou, Iris

    2017-07-06

    The aim of the study was to assess the epidemiology, the incidence of multidrug-resistant bacteria and bloodstream infections' (BSIs) seasonality in a university hospital. This retrospective study was carried out in the University General Hospital of Patras, Greece, during 2011-13 y. Blood cultures from patients with clinical presentation suggestive of bloodstream infection were performed by the BacT/ALERT System. Isolates were identified by Vitek 2 Advanced Expert System. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by the disk diffusion method and E-test. Resistance genes (mecA in staphylococci; vanA/vanB/vanC in enterococci; bla KPC /bla VIM /bla NDM in Klebsiella spp.) were detected by PCR. In total, 4607 (9.7%) blood cultures were positive from 47451 sets sent to Department of Microbiology, representing 1732 BSIs. Gram-negative bacteria (52.3%) were the most commonly isolated, followed by Gram-positive (39.5%), fungi (6.6%) and anaerobes bacteria (1.8%). The highest contamination rate was observed among Gram-positive bacteria (42.3%). Among 330 CNS and 150 Staphylococcus aureus, 281 (85.2%) and 60 (40.0%) were mecA-positive, respectively. From 113 enterococci, eight were vanA, two vanB and two vanC-positives. Of the total 207 carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (73.4%), 202 carried bla KPC , four bla KPC and bla VIM and one bla VIM . A significant increase in monthly BSIs' incidence was shown (R2: 0.449), which may be attributed to a rise of Gram-positive BSIs (R2: 0.337). Gram-positive BSIs were less frequent in spring (P period. The increasing incidence of BSIs can be attributed to an increase of Gram-positive BSI incidence, even though Gram-negative bacteria remained the predominant ones. Seasonality may play a role in the predominance of Gram-negative's BSI.

  20. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clinical isolates from two hospitals in Mexico: First detection of VanB phenotype-vanA genotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocanegra-Ibarias, Paola; Flores-Treviño, Samantha; Camacho-Ortiz, Adrián; Morfin-Otero, Rayo; Villarreal-Treviño, Licet; Llaca-Díaz, Jorge; Martínez-Landeros, Erik Alan; Rodríguez-Noriega, Eduardo; Calzada-Güereca, Andrés; Maldonado-Garza, Héctor Jesús; Garza-González, Elvira

    2016-01-01

    Enterococcus faecium has emerged as a multidrug-resistant nosocomial pathogen involved in outbreaks worldwide. Our aim was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility, biofilm production, and clonal relatedness of vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREF) clinical isolates from two hospitals in Mexico. Consecutive clinical isolates (n=56) were collected in two tertiary care hospitals in Mexico from 2011 to 2014. VREF isolates were characterized by phenotypic and molecular methods including pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). VREF isolates were highly resistant to vancomycin, erythromycin, norfloxacin, high-level streptomycin, and teicoplanin, and showed lower resistance to tetracycline, nitrofurantoin and quinupristin-dalfopristin. None of the isolates were resistant to linezolid. The vanA gene was detected in all isolates. Two VanB phenotype-vanA genotype isolates, highly resistant to vancomycin and susceptible to teicoplanin, were detected. Furthermore, 17.9% of the isolates were classified as biofilm producers, and the espfm gene was found in 98.2% of the isolates. A total of 37 distinct PFGE patterns and 6 clones (25% of the isolates as clone A, 5.4% as clone B, and 3.6% each as clone C, D, E, and F) were detected. Clone A was detected in 5 different wards of the same hospital during 14 months of surveillance. The high resistance to most antimicrobial agents and the moderate cross-transmission of VREF detected accentuates the need for continuous surveillance of E. faecium in the hospital setting. This is also the first reported incidence of the E. faecium VanB phenotype-vanA genotype in the Americas. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  1. Antibiofilm activity of Vetiveria zizanioides root extract against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kannappan, Arunachalam; Gowrishankar, Shanmugaraj; Srinivasan, Ramanathan; Pandian, Shunmugiah Karutha; Ravi, Arumugam Veera

    2017-09-01

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a leading human pathogen responsible for causing chronic clinical manifestation worldwide. In addition to antibiotic resistance genes viz. mecA and vanA, biofilm formation plays a prominent role in the pathogenicity of S. aureus by enhancing its resistance to existing antibiotics. Considering the role of folk medicinal plants in the betterment of human health from the waves of multidrug resistant bacterial infections, the present study was intended to explore the effect of Vetiveria zizanioides root on the biofilm formation of MRSA and its clinical counterparts. V. zizanioides root extract (VREX) showed a concentration-dependent reduction in biofilm formation without hampering the cellular viability of the tested strains. Micrographs of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) portrayed the devastating impact of VREX on biofilm formation. In addition to antibiofilm activity, VREX suppresses the production of biofilm related phenotypes such as exopolysaccharide, slime and α-hemolysin toxin. Furthermore, variation in FT-IR spectra evidenced the difference in cellular factors of untreated and VREX treated samples. Result of mature biofilm disruption assay and down regulation of genes like fnbA, fnbB, clfA suggested that VREX targets these adhesin genes responsible for initial adherence. GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of sesquiterpenes as a major constituent in VREX. Thus, the data of present study strengthen the ethnobotanical value of V. zizanioides and concludes that VREX contain bioactive molecules that have beneficial effect over the biofilm formation of MRSA and its clinical isolates. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. "Daños, engaños y desengaños, frutos son de los años": the semantic value of rhyme in the Spanish baroque sonnets on the transience of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Špela Oman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most recurring Baroque themes is without a doubt the topic of tempus fugit, which inspired numerous contemplations about the ephemeral nature of life, the brevity of the earthly existence and the omnipresence of death. The obsession with the passing of time in the Spanish Baroque sonnets on the ephemerality of life can also be observed on the level of rhyme, which far from being merely an ornamental item, actually contributes important semantic value to the poem. Rhymes such as años/daños/engaños/desengaños or mañana/vana, jornada/nada reappear almost obsessively throughout the corpus of Baroque poetry and form semantic knots that highlight the principal theme of the sonnet. Similarly, pairs of words such as encina/ruina, vida/desvanecida, humano/gusano, besos/huesos, are closely related despite different meanings, drawing attention to the devastating eff ects of the passage of time. The insatiable quest for suggestive rhymes by Golden Age poets is doubtless due to the aesthetic orientation of Baroque art that tends to combine decorative virtuosity with the intellectual subtlety. The semantic rhyme thus functions as one of the axis of the meaning, as an echo resonating the poetic message, and likewise as a means of fulfilling the Baroque search for thematic unity. The rhyme in the Baroque sonnets is integrated thematically with the text, in the same manner as a pillar supporting a Baroque facade is subjected to the effect of absolute architectural unity.

  3. Metagenomic-Based Screening and Molecular Characterization of Cowpea-Infecting Viruses in Burkina Faso.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palanga, Essowè; Filloux, Denis; Martin, Darren P; Fernandez, Emmanuel; Gargani, Daniel; Ferdinand, Romain; Zabré, Jean; Bouda, Zakaria; Neya, James Bouma; Sawadogo, Mahamadou; Traore, Oumar; Peterschmitt, Michel; Roumagnac, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata L. (Walp)) is an annual tropical grain legume. Often referred to as "poor man's meat", cowpea is one of the most important subsistence legumes cultivated in West Africa due to the high protein content of its seeds. However, African cowpea production can be seriously constrained by viral diseases that reduce yields. While twelve cowpea-infecting viruses have been reported from Africa, only three of these have so-far been reported from Burkina Faso. Here we use a virion-associated nucleic acids (VANA)-based metagenomics method to screen for the presence of cowpea viruses from plants collected from the three agro-climatic zones of Burkina Faso. Besides the three cowpea-infecting virus species which have previously been reported from Burkina Faso (Cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus [Family Potyviridae], the Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus-a strain of Bean common mosaic virus-[Family Potyviridae] and Cowpea mottle virus [Family Tombusviridae]) five additional viruses were identified: Southern cowpea mosaic virus (Sobemovirus genus), two previously uncharacterised polerovirus-like species (Family Luteoviridae), a previously uncharacterised tombusvirus-like species (Family Tombusviridae) and a previously uncharacterised mycotymovirus-like species (Family Tymoviridae). Overall, potyviruses were the most prevalent cowpea viruses (detected in 65.5% of samples) and the Southern Sudan zone of Burkina Faso was found to harbour the greatest degrees of viral diversity and viral prevalence. Partial genome sequences of the two novel polerovirus-like and tombusvirus-like species were determined and RT-PCR primers were designed for use in Burkina Faso to routinely detect all of these cowpea-associated viruses.

  4. Lactobacillus pentosus B231 Isolated from a Portuguese PDO Cheese: Production and Partial Characterization of Its Bacteriocin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerreiro, Joana; Monteiro, Vitor; Ramos, Carla; Franco, Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo; Martinez, Rafael Chacon Ruiz; Todorov, Svetoslav Dimitrov; Fernandes, Paulo

    2014-06-01

    Bacteriocin B231 produced by Lactobacillus pentosus, isolated from an artisanal raw cow's milk protected designation of origin Portuguese cheese, is a small protein with an apparent relative mass of about 5 kDa and active against a large number of Listeria monocytogenes wild-type strains, Listeria ivanovii and Listeria innocua. Bacteriocin B231 production is highly dependent on the type of the culture media used for growth of Lact. pentosus B231. Replacement of glucose with maltose yielded the highest bacteriocin production from eight different carbon sources. Similar results were recorded in the presence of combination of glucose and maltose or galactose. Production of bacteriocin B231 reached maximal levels of 800 AU/ml during the stationary phase of growth of Lact. pentosus B231 in MRS broth at 30 °C. Bacteriocin B231 (in cell-free supernatant) was sensitive to treatment with trypsin and proteinase K, but not affected by the thermal treatment in range of 55-121 °C, or freezing (-20 °C). Bacteriocin production and inhibitory spectrum were evaluated. Gene encoding plantaricin S has been detected in the genomic DNA. Virulence potential and safety of Lact. pentosus B231 were assessed by PCR targeted the genes gelE, hyl, asa1, esp, cylA, efaA, ace, vanA, vanB, hdc1, hdc2, tdc and odc. The Lact. pentosus B231 strains harbored plantaricin S gene, while the occurrence of virulence, antibiotic resistance and biogenic amine genes was limited to cytolysin, hyaluronidase, aggregation substance, adhesion of collagen protein, gelatinase, tyrosine decarboxylase and vancomycin B genes.

  5. [Microbiological and epidemiological characteristics of vancomycin-dependent enterococci].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Keumrock; Sung, Heungsup; Namgoong, Seung; Yoon, Nam Surp; Kim, Mi-Na

    2009-08-01

    Vancomycin-dependent enterococci (VDE) are clinically equivalent to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), but more difficult to detect. This study was purposed to characterize VDE microbiologically and epidemiologically. The patients from whom VDE were detected from April 2007 to March 2008 were investigated. For available isolates, minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of and the levels of dependence on vancomycin and teicoplanin were measured by E test (AB Biodisk, Sweden), and a test for reversion of VDE to non-dependent VRE (NDVRE) and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were performed. Patients' demographic and clinical findings were reviewed via electronic medical records. VDE were recovered from 6 (2.2%) of 272 patients carrying VRE during this study period. All patients were already colonized or infected by VRE and treated with vancomycin for 13 to 107 days. VDE were isolated from pleural fluid (one), urine (four), and stool (one). All isolates carried vanA with vancomycin MICs of >256 microg/mL, but two of them had intermediate susceptibilities to teicoplanin. Because 4 VDE isolates were reverted to NDVRE with single passage, vancomycin dependence was measurable for only two isolates as equal and above 0.064 and 0.5 microg/mL respectively, and was reverted after 5 and 7 passages, respectively. Six VDE isolates showed no related clones in PFGE analysis, and 3 of 4 available pairs of initial VRE isolates and subsequent VDE isolates were identical clones. VDE were not rare and seemed to emerge independently from VRE with a prolonged use of vancomycin. Vancomycin-dependence was reverted within several passages.

  6. Reduced susceptibility of Enterococcus spp. isolates from Cairo University Hospital to tigecycline: Highlight on the influence of proton pump inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, Reem Mostafa; Ghaith, Doaa Mohammad; Ismail, Dalia Kadry; Zafer, Mai Mahmoud

    2018-03-01

    The incidence of reduced susceptibility to tigecycline (TIG) is increasing. This study aimed to analyse the in vitro activity of TIG against Enterococcus spp. isolates recovered from hospitalised patients and to evaluate the effect of omeprazole on the in vitro antimicrobial activity of TIG against several enterococcal species. A total of 67 Enterococcus clinical isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF/MS and multiplex PCR. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of TIG alone and in combination with omeprazole (10, 30 and 60mg/L) were determined by broth microdilution. Antibiotic susceptibility to other antibiotics was determined by disk diffusion. The presence of van, tet(X) and tet(X1) genes was tested by multiplex PCR. Of the 67 Enterococcus isolates, 2 (3.0%) were resistant to TIG and 13 (19.4%) were intermediate-resistant according to EUCAST. The frequencies of resistance to norfloxacin (80.6%), doxycycline (80.6%), levofloxacin (74.6%) and ciprofloxacin (71.6%) were highest, whilst that of vancomycin (25.4%) was lowest. The vanA gene was detected in 11 Enterococcus isolates (8 Enterococcus faecalis, 3 Enterococcus faecium), vanB in 3 Enterococcus isolates (2 E. faecium, 1 E. faecalis) and vanC-2/3 in 3 Enterococcus casseliflavus. Nine isolates (13.4%) were positive for tet(X1). TIG resistance occurred both in patients receiving or not TIG and/or omeprazole. Omeprazole increased TIG MICs by 4-128-fold. The possibility of selection of TIG-non-susceptible Enterococcus in the gut may occur with long-term use of omeprazole. Omeprazole influenced TIG activity in a concentration-dependent manner. To our knowledge; this is the first report of TIG-non-susceptible Enterococcus spp. in Egypt. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Chemotherapy of Infection and Cancer. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Prevalence and distribution of VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococci and VSE (vancomycin susceptible enterococci strains in the breeding environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Skowron

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction.[/b] Intensive animal production causes numerous problems. Facilities connected with animal maintenance not only cause environmental pollution, but also pose a great sanitary and epidemiological threat. Long-term use of antibiotics in animal production lead animal-borne microorganisms to develop multiple resistance mechanisms, transferred to the typical environmental bacteria. [b]Objective. [/b]The aim of this study was assessment of E. faecalis, E. faecium, E. durans and E. hirae prevalence in samples gathered from swine production sectors, and determination of the contribution of VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococci strains and their resistance. The degree of relationship between isolates of each species from genus Enterococcus was also determined. [b]Materials and method.[/b] 195 isolates were obtained, from which DNA was isolated. Genus identification was conducted with the primers specific to the 16S rRNA region, and identification of the species with primers specific to sequence of gene sodA in Multiplex PCR reaction. Resistance to vancomycin (6 μg×ml -1 was tested using a screening method on Muller Hinton Agar. To assess resistance type Multiplex PCR, amplifying products corresponding to genes VanA, VanB and VanC, was conducted. Genotyping was conducted using the PCR-RAPD method. [b]Results. [/b]Among the 195 isolates, 133 (68% belonged to E. hirae. The other species contributions were respectively: E. faecalis – 21%, E. durans – 8% and E. faecium – 3%. Only 2 isolates of E. hirae, being different strains, were resistant to vancomycin. Both were representing phenotype VanC1. 60 genetically different strains were defined. The possible contamination paths involved animal feed and spreading of excrements by slaughtered individuals or on personnel’s footwear. [b]Conclusions. [/b]The obtained results indicate a very low percentage of VRE strains in the tested piggery, resulting in a low health risk to piggery

  8. Resistência antimicrobiana em Enterococcus faecalis e Enterococcus faecium isolados de carcaças de frango

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    Ana Claudia F. Borges de Campos

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar o isolamento e analisar o perfil de resistência antimicrobiana de Enterococcus de carcaças de frango resfriadas e congeladas comercializadas no Distrito Federal, detectando genes de resistência antimicrobiana e identificando as espécies Enterococcus faecalis e Enterococcus faecium por reação polimerase em cadeia. Foram analisadas 100 carcaças de frangos, das quais foram isoladas 50 cepas de Enterococcus spp., sendo 42% de E. faecalis e 2% de E. faecium. O teste de susceptibilidade antimicrobiana demonstrou que todas as cepas isoladas apresentaram resistência a pelo menos um antimicrobiano, dos quais 90,47% das cepas de E. faecalis, 100% das cepas de E. Faecium e 82,14% dos Enterococcus spp. apresentaram resistência à Tetraciclina; 80,95% das cepas de E. faecalis e 35,71% das cepas de Enterococcus spp. foram resistentes à Eritromicina; 39,28% dos Enterococcus spp. e 23,80% dos E. faecalis à Ciprofloxacina e 28,57% dos E. faecalis apresentaram resistência ao Cloranfenicol. Foram detectados os genes de resistência antimicrobiana erm(B, vanC-1, aph(3'-llla, ant(6-la, vanB, vanA, aac(6'-le-aph(2''-la, erm(A e tet(M - este último mais frequente. Estes resultados sugerem sérios problemas para a Saúde Pública, uma vez que esses microrganismos podem possuir a capacidade de transmitir genes de resistência antimicrobiana para outros microrganismos presentes na microbiota intestinal de humanos e animais, podendo inviabilizar o uso destas drogas para tratamentos clínicos.

  9. Pyrosequencing-based comparative genome analysis of the nosocomial pathogen Enterococcus faecium and identification of a large transferable pathogenicity island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonten Marc JM

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Gram-positive bacterium Enterococcus faecium is an important cause of nosocomial infections in immunocompromized patients. Results We present a pyrosequencing-based comparative genome analysis of seven E. faecium strains that were isolated from various sources. In the genomes of clinical isolates several antibiotic resistance genes were identified, including the vanA transposon that confers resistance to vancomycin in two strains. A functional comparison between E. faecium and the related opportunistic pathogen E. faecalis based on differences in the presence of protein families, revealed divergence in plant carbohydrate metabolic pathways and oxidative stress defense mechanisms. The E. faecium pan-genome was estimated to be essentially unlimited in size, indicating that E. faecium can efficiently acquire and incorporate exogenous DNA in its gene pool. One of the most prominent sources of genomic diversity consists of bacteriophages that have integrated in the genome. The CRISPR-Cas system, which contributes to immunity against bacteriophage infection in prokaryotes, is not present in the sequenced strains. Three sequenced isolates carry the esp gene, which is involved in urinary tract infections and biofilm formation. The esp gene is located on a large pathogenicity island (PAI, which is between 64 and 104 kb in size. Conjugation experiments showed that the entire esp PAI can be transferred horizontally and inserts in a site-specific manner. Conclusions Genes involved in environmental persistence, colonization and virulence can easily be aquired by E. faecium. This will make the development of successful treatment strategies targeted against this organism a challenge for years to come.

  10. Reclaimed water as a reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes: distribution system and irrigation implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole L Fahrenfeld

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Treated wastewater is increasingly being reused to achieve sustainable water management in arid regions. The objective of this study was to quantify the distribution of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs in recycled water, particularly after it has passed through the distribution system, and to consider point-of-use implications for soil irrigation. Three separate reclaimed wastewater distribution systems in the western U.S. were examined. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR was used to quantify ARGs corresponding to resistance to sulfonamides (sul1, sul2, macrolides (ermF, tetracycline (tet(A, tet(O, glycopeptides (vanA, and methicillin (mecA, in addition to genes present in waterborne pathogens Legionella pneumophila (Lmip, Escherichia coli (gadAB, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ecfx, gyrB. In a parallel lab study, the effect of irrigating an agricultural soil with secondary, chlorinated, or dechlorinated wastewater effluent was examined in batch microcosms. A broader range of ARGs were detected after the reclaimed water passed through the distribution systems, highlighting the importance of considering bacterial re-growth and the overall water quality at the point of use. Screening for pathogens with qPCR indicated presence of Lmip and gadAB genes, but not ecfx or gyrB. In the lab study, chlorination was observed to reduce 16S rRNA and sul2 gene copies in the wastewater effluent, while dechlorination had no apparent effect. ARGs levels did not change with time in soil slurries incubated after a single irrigation event with any of the effluents. However, when irrigated repeatedly with secondary wastewater effluent (not chlorinated or dechlorinated, elevated levels of sul1 and sul2 were observed. This study suggests that reclaimed water may be an important reservoir of ARGs, especially at the point of use, and that attention should be directed towards the fate of ARGs in irrigation water and the implications for human health.

  11. Metagenomic-Based Screening and Molecular Characterization of Cowpea-Infecting Viruses in Burkina Faso.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Essowè Palanga

    Full Text Available Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata L. (Walp is an annual tropical grain legume. Often referred to as "poor man's meat", cowpea is one of the most important subsistence legumes cultivated in West Africa due to the high protein content of its seeds. However, African cowpea production can be seriously constrained by viral diseases that reduce yields. While twelve cowpea-infecting viruses have been reported from Africa, only three of these have so-far been reported from Burkina Faso. Here we use a virion-associated nucleic acids (VANA-based metagenomics method to screen for the presence of cowpea viruses from plants collected from the three agro-climatic zones of Burkina Faso. Besides the three cowpea-infecting virus species which have previously been reported from Burkina Faso (Cowpea aphid borne mosaic virus [Family Potyviridae], the Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus-a strain of Bean common mosaic virus-[Family Potyviridae] and Cowpea mottle virus [Family Tombusviridae] five additional viruses were identified: Southern cowpea mosaic virus (Sobemovirus genus, two previously uncharacterised polerovirus-like species (Family Luteoviridae, a previously uncharacterised tombusvirus-like species (Family Tombusviridae and a previously uncharacterised mycotymovirus-like species (Family Tymoviridae. Overall, potyviruses were the most prevalent cowpea viruses (detected in 65.5% of samples and the Southern Sudan zone of Burkina Faso was found to harbour the greatest degrees of viral diversity and viral prevalence. Partial genome sequences of the two novel polerovirus-like and tombusvirus-like species were determined and RT-PCR primers were designed for use in Burkina Faso to routinely detect all of these cowpea-associated viruses.

  12. Žanr : suvelavastus? / Jaak Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allik, Jaak, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Kahekümnest suvisest teatriõhtust: Carlo Gozzi "Ronk" Tallinna Linnateatri lavaaugus (lavastaja Elmo Nüganen), Komöödiateatri suvetuuri lavastus "Elu parim puhkus" (lavastaja Ago-Endrik Kerge), muusikal "Tutvumiskuulutus" (lavastaja Mait Malmsten), Bernard Kangermanni laulumäng "Naabri Mari" (lavastaja Margus Vaher) ja Mara Zalite "Sirelikassid" (lavastaja Peeter Tammearu) Ugalas, Paul Barzi komöödia "Võimalik kohtumine" (lavastaja Raivo Trass) Vanemuise teatri suvelavastus Muhumaal Pädaste mõisas, muusikaline estraadietendus "Tähtede sadu", Endla "Tsirkus!!!" Paikuse-Reiu vabaõhulaval (autor ja lavastaja Tiit Palu), Andrus Kivirähki näidend "Uljas Neitsi" Laulasmaa Resort' rannametsas (lavastaja Taavi Teplenkov), Marti Kivastik "Eesti asi" (lavastaja Ingomar Vihmar) MTÜ Ühendus R.A.A.A.M. Viinistu kunstimuuseumi vabaõhulaval, Emajõe Suveteatri suvelavastus "Jumalaema kiriku kellamees" Victor Hugo romaani järgi (lavastaja Andres Dvinjaninov), "Muna EÜE ehk Viimane kava" (autor Lauri Vahtre, lavastaja Andrus Vaarik) Suure Munamäe vabaõhulaval, Aino Kalda "Reigi õpetaja" Kuressaares (lavastaja ja dramatiseerija Aare Toikka), Vana Baskini Teateris Pierre Chesnot "Kes aevastas?" (lavastaja Eino Baskin), Eduard Vilde romaani "Prohvet Maltsvet" ja vene kirjaniku Viktor Pelevini romaani aineil sündinud lavastus "Proffet" Albu vallas Kukenoosi rehealuses (lavastaja Mart Koldits), Enn Vetemaa "Roosiaed" Raasiku vallas Kiviloo mõisas (lavastaja Eva Klemets), Jim Ashilevi "Portselansuits" (lavastaja Lauri Lagle) Eesti Teatriliidu saalis, Andres Keili "Rooside sõda" Leigo Järveteatris (lavastaja Tõnu Lensment), Võru Teatriateljee suvelavastus Madis Kõivu "Castrozza ehk illusionist" (lavastaja Taago Tubin), Villu Tamme "Haned võlgu" (lavastaja ja kunstnik Jaanika Juhanson) Teatrilabor Von Krahli teatris

  13. Effect of wastewater colloids on membrane removal of antibiotic resistance genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breazeal, Maria V Riquelme; Novak, John T; Vikesland, Peter J; Pruden, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated that wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) significantly alter the magnitude and distribution of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in receiving environments, indicating that wastewater treatment represents an important node for limiting ARG dissemination. This study examined the potential for membrane treatment of microconstituent ARGs and the effect of native wastewater colloids on the extent of their removal. Plasmids containing vanA (vancomycin) and bla(TEM) (β-lactam) ARGs were spiked into three representative WWTP effluents versus a control buffer and tracked by quantitative polymerase chain reaction through a cascade of microfiltration and ultrafiltration steps ranging from 0.45 μm to 1 kDa. Significant removal of ARGs was achieved by membranes of 100 kDa and smaller, and presence of wastewater colloids resulted in enhanced removal by 10 kDa and 1 kDa membranes. ARG removal was observed to correlate significantly with the corresponding protein, polysaccharide, and total organic carbon colloidal fractions. Alumina membranes removed ARGs to a greater extent than polyvinylidene fluoride membranes of the same pore size (0.1 μm), but only in the presence of wastewater material. Control studies confirmed that membrane treatment was the primary mechanism of ARG removal, versus other potential sources of loss. This study suggests that advanced membrane treatment technology is promising for managing public health risks of ARGs in wastewater effluents and that removal may even be enhanced by colloids in real-world wastewaters. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Carriage frequency, phenotypic, and genotypic characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dental health-care personnel, patients, and environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khairalla, Ahmed S; Wasfi, Reham; Ashour, Hossam M

    2017-08-07

    There is limited data on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage in dental clinics. 1300 specimens from patients, health personnel, and environmental surfaces of a dental clinic in Egypt were tested for MRSA. Antibiotic susceptibility, biofilm formation, Staphylococcal protein A (spa) typing, SCCmec typing, and PCR-based assays were used to detect mecA, mecC, vanA, Panton-Valentine Leukocidin toxin (PVL), and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (tst) genes. Among 34 mecA-positive MRSA isolates, five (14.7%) were PVL-positive, seventeen (50%) were tst-positive, ten (29.4%) were vanA-positive, while none harboured mecC. MRSA hand carriage rates in patients, nurses, and dentists were 9.8%, 6.6%, and 5%. The respective nasal colonization rates were 11.1%, 6.7%, and 9.7%. 1.3% of the environmental isolates were MRSA-positive. Strong and moderate biofilm-forming isolates represented 23.5% and 29.4% of MRSA isolates. 24 MRSA isolates (70.6%) were multi-resistant and 18 (52.9%) harboured SCCmec IV. Among eight spa types, t223 (26.5%), t267 (23.5%), and t14339 (23.5%) were predominant. We noted an alarming genetic relatedness between 7 (20.6%) MRSA isolates and the epidemic EMRSA-15 clone, as well as a combined occurrence of tst and PVL in 3 (8.8%) isolates. Results suggest high MRSA pathogenicity in dental wards highlighting the need for more efficient surveillance/infection control strategies.

  15. Diagnosis of bacteremia in pediatric oncologic patients by in-house real-time PCR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiles, Milene Gonçalves; Menezes, Liana Carballo; Bauab, Karen de Castro; Gumpl, Elke Kreuscher; Rocchetti, Talita Trevizani; Palomo, Flavia Silva; Carlesse, Fabianne; Pignatari, Antonio Carlos Campos

    2015-07-23

    Infections are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in children with cancer. Gaining a favorable prognosis for these patients depends on selecting the appropriate therapy, which in turn depends on rapid and accurate microbiological diagnosis. This study employed real-time PCR (qPCR) to identify the main pathogens causing bloodstream infection (BSI) in patients treated at the Pediatric Oncology Institute IOP-GRAACC-UNIFESP-Brazil. Antimicrobial resistance genes were also investigated using this methodology. A total of 248 samples from BACTEC® blood culture bottles and 99 whole-blood samples collected in tubes containing EDTA K2 Gel were isolated from 137 patients. All samples were screened by specific Gram probes for multiplex qPCR. Seventeen sequences were evaluated using gender-specific TaqMan probes and the resistance genes bla SHV, bla TEM, bla CTX, bla KPC, bla IMP, bla SPM, bla VIM, vanA, vanB and mecA were detected using the SYBR Green method. Positive qPCR results were obtained in 112 of the blood culture bottles (112/124), and 90 % agreement was observed between phenotypic and molecular microbial detection methods. For bacterial and fungal identification, the performance test showed: sensitivity 87 %; specificity 91 %; NPV 90 %; PPV 89 % and accuracy of 89 % when compared with the phenotypic method. The mecA gene was detected in 37 samples, extended-spectrum β-lactamases were detected in six samples and metallo-β-lactamase coding genes in four samples, with 60 % concordance between the two methods. The qPCR on whole blood detected eight samples possessing the mecA gene and one sample harboring the vanB gene. The bla KPC, bla VIM, bla IMP and bla SHV genes were not detected in this study. Real-time PCR is a useful tool in the early identification of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance genes from bloodstream infections of pediatric oncologic patients.

  16. Vancomycin Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus


    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuinness, Will A.; Malachowa, Natalia; DeLeo, Frank R.

    2017-01-01

    The evolution of Staphylococcus aureus during the modern antibiotic era has been delineated by distinct strain emergence events, many of which include acquisition of antibiotic resistance. The relative high burden of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in healthcare and community settings is a major concern worldwide. Vancomycin, a glycopeptide antibiotic that inhibits cell wall biosynthesis, remains a drug of choice for treatment of severe MRSA infections. S. aureus strains exhibiting increased resistance to vancomycin, known as vancomycin intermediate-resistant S. aureus (VISA) (MIC = 4-8 µg/mL), were discovered in the 1990s. The molecular basis of resistance in VISA is polygenic and involves stepwise mutations in genes encoding molecules predominantly involved in cell envelope biosynthesis. S. aureus isolates with complete resistance to vancomycin (MIC ≥ 16 µg/mL) are termed vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (VRSA)—they were first reported in the U.S. in 2002. Resistance in VRSA is conferred by the vanA gene and operon, which is present on a plasmid. Although treatment of VRSA infections is challenging, the total number of human VRSA infections to date is limited (14 in the U.S.). By comparison, the burden of VISA is relatively high and the molecular mechanisms of resistance are less well-defined. VISA are associated with persistent infections, vancomycin treatment failure, and poor clinical outcomes. Here, we review in brief progress made toward understanding the acquisition of antibiotic resistance in S. aureus, with an emphasis on the molecular mechanisms underlying vancomycin resistance. PMID:28656013

  17. 212ʻ Fahrenheiti : eesti luule 2006 / Piret Bristol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bristol, Piret, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Järgmistest 2006. a. ilmunud luulekogudest: Ryytle, Indrek. Inglid rokijaamas. Puhja : I. Rüütle ; Runnel, Hando. Viru veri ei värise. Tartu : Ilmamaa ; Vabat, Martin. Mina olengi kirjandusklassik. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts ; Korts, Eliina. Lööklaused murravad metsi. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts ; Koff, Indrek. Vana laul. Luige : Verb ; Teede, Andra. Takso Tallinna taevas. Luige : Verb ; Vusser, Kaspar. Vusserduste võnked. Tallinn : P. Kukk ; Elbing, Andrus. Siin Beebilõust, tere! : häired pimelinna tänavalt = Ciao, it's Babyface : trouble from the streets of a blind city. Tallinn : Epifanio ; Hint, Miina. Vabaduse vang, ehk, Põrandaalune kirjandus. Tallinn : MR ; Jüriado, Tiiu. Luule on ime. Habaja : Kentaur ; Ligi, Katre. Naabrivalve. Tartu : Ilmamaa ; Krull, Hasso. Talv. Tallinn : Tuum ; Mets, Mae. Pühapäeval on reede. Tartu : Ilmamaa ; Ploom, Ülar. Porr ja sorry. Tallinn : Tuum ; Hirv, Indrek, Surmapõletaja. Tallinn : Tuum ; Piir, Milvi Martina. Kõrkjavaas. Tartu : Fantaasia ; Soomets, Triin. Väljas. Tallinn : Tuum ; Mathura. Kohalolu. Rapla : Allikäärne ; Afanasjev, Vahur. Katedraal Emajões. Tartu ; Brüssel : ID Salong//Sild, Ivar. Spermaga ja puha. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused ; Meiel, Kaupo. Polügrafisti käsiraamat. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused ; Kivisildnik, Sven. Vägistatud jäämägi. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused ; Arder, Ott. Luule sünnib kus sünnib kui sünnib / koost. Leelo Tungal. Tallinn : Tänapäev ; Kompus, Marko. Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja. Tartu : M. Kompus

  18. Antibiotic resistance genes fate and removal by a technological treatment solution for water reuse in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luprano, Maria Laura; De Sanctis, Marco; Del Moro, Guido; Di Iaconi, Claudio; Lopez, Antonio; Levantesi, Caterina

    2016-11-15

    In order to mitigate the potential effects on the human health which are associated to the use of treated wastewater in agriculture, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are required to be carefully monitored in wastewater reuse processes and their spread should be prevented by the development of efficient treatment technologies. Objective of this study was the assessment of ARGs reduction efficiencies of a novel technological treatment solution for agricultural reuse of municipal wastewaters. The proposed solution comprises an advanced biological treatment (Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactor, SBBGR), analysed both al laboratory and pilot scale, followed by sand filtration and two different disinfection final stages: ultraviolet light (UV) radiation and peracetic acid (PAA) treatments. By Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), the presence of 9 ARGs (ampC, mecA, ermB, sul1, sul2, tetA, tetO, tetW, vanA) were analysed and by quantitative PCR (qPCR) their removal was determined. The obtained results were compared to the reduction of total bacteria (16S rDNA gene) and of a faecal contamination indicator (Escherichia coli uidA gene). Only four of the analysed genes (ermB, sul1, sul2, tetA) were detected in raw wastewater and their abundance was estimated to be 3.4±0.7 x10(4) - 9.6±0.5 x10(9) and 1.0±0.3 x10(3) to 3.0±0.1 x10(7) gene copies/mL in raw and treated wastewaters, respectively. The results show that SBBGR technology is promising for the reduction of ARGs, achieving stable removal performance ranging from 1.0±0.4 to 2.8±0.7 log units, which is comparable to or higher than that reported for conventional activated sludge treatments. No reduction of the ARGs amount normalized to the total bacteria content (16S rDNA), was instead obtained, indicating that these genes are removed together with total bacteria and not specifically eliminated. Enhanced ARGs removal was obtained by sand filtration, while no reduction was achieved by both UV and PAA disinfection

  19. Characterization of global microRNA expression reveals oncogenic potential of miR-145 in metastatic colorectal cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arndt, Greg M; Retzlaff, Kathy; Bittner, Anton; Raponi, Mitch; Dossey, Lesley; Cullen, Lara M; Lai, Angela; Druker, Riki; Eisbacher, Michael; Zhang, Chunyan; Tran, Nham; Fan, Hongtao

    2009-01-01

    MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that control protein expression through various mechanisms. Their altered expression has been shown to be associated with various cancers. The aim of this study was to profile miRNA expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to analyze the function of specific miRNAs in CRC cells. MirVana miRNA Bioarrays were used to determine the miRNA expression profile in eight CRC cell line models, 45 human CRC samples of different stages, and four matched normal colon tissue samples. SW620 CRC cells were stably transduced with miR-143 or miR-145 expression vectors and analyzed in vitro for cell proliferation, cell differentiation and anchorage-independent growth. Signalling pathways associated with differentially expressed miRNAs were identified using a gene set enrichment analysis. The expression analysis of clinical CRC samples identified 37 miRNAs that were differentially expressed between CRC and normal tissue. Furthermore, several of these miRNAs were associated with CRC tumor progression including loss of miR-133a and gain of miR-224. We identified 11 common miRNAs that were differentially expressed between normal colon and CRC in both the cell line models and clinical samples. In vitro functional studies indicated that miR-143 and miR-145 appear to function in opposing manners to either inhibit or augment cell proliferation in a metastatic CRC model. The pathways targeted by miR-143 and miR-145 showed no significant overlap. Furthermore, gene expression analysis of metastatic versus non-metastatic isogenic cell lines indicated that miR-145 targets involved in cell cycle and neuregulin pathways were significantly down-regulated in the metastatic context. MiRNAs showing altered expression at different stages of CRC could be targets for CRC therapies and be further developed as potential diagnostic and prognostic analytes. The identified biological processes and signalling pathways collectively targeted by co-expressed miRNAs in

  20. Çiğ Sütten İzole Edilen Enterosin B Üreticisi Enterococcus Faecalis Mye58 Suşunun Güvenlik Değerlendirmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merve Tuncer

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, çiğ sütten izole edilen bakteriyosin üreticisi Enterococcus faecalis MYE58’de enterosin, virülens faktör ve vankomisin direnç genlerinin varlığını araştırdık. Ayrıca, bu suşun hemolitik aktivite, jelatinaz üretimi ve antibiyotik dirençlilik özelliklerini de test ettik. MYE58 suşunun Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus ve Staphylococcus aureus gibi Gram pozitif bakterileri inhibe ettiği belirlenmiştir. MYE58 suşunda enterosin B yapısal geninin (entB varlığı tespit edilmiştir. MYE58 suşu hemoliz ve jalatinaz aktivitesi göstermemiştir. MYE58 suşunda gelE ve espfs genlerinin varlığı tespit edilmiş fakat agg, ace, efaAfs, ccf, cob, cpd, cat, cylM, cylB, cylA, vanA ve vanB genlerinin varlığı tespit edilmemiştir. MYE58 suşu streptomisin ve tetrasikline dirençli bulunmuştur. Bu çalışmanın sonuçları, enterosin B üreticisi E. faecalis MYE58 suşunun starter kültür olarak kullanılmasının tüketici sağlığı açısından risk teşkil edebileceğini göstermiştir. Ancak, MYE58 suşu tarafından üretilen enterosin B’nin saflaştırılmış veya kısmi saflaştırılmış preparatlarının Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus'e Staphylococcus aureus’a karşı gıda muhafazasında kullanılabilme potansiyeli vardır.

  1. Antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes in enterococci from wild game meat in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero-Ramos, Emilia; Cordero, Jorge; Molina-González, Diana; Poeta, Patrícia; Igrejas, Gilberto; Alonso-Calleja, Carlos; Capita, Rosa

    2016-02-01

    A total of 55 enterococci (45 Enterococcus faecium, 7 Enterococcus faecalis, and three Enterococcus durans) isolated from the meat of wild game animals (roe deer, boar, rabbit, pheasant, and pigeon) in North-Western Spain were tested for susceptibility to 14 antimicrobials by the disc diffusion method. All strains showed a multi-resistant phenotype (resistance to between three and 10 antimicrobials). The strains exhibited high percentages of resistance to erythromycin (89.1%), tetracycline (67.3%), ciprofloxacin (92.7%), nitrofurantoin (67.3%), and quinupristin-dalfopristin (81.8%). The lowest values (9.1%) were observed for high-level resistance to gentamicin, kanamycin, and streptomycin. The average number of resistances per strain was 5.8 for E. faecium isolates, 7.9 for E. faecalis, and 5.7 for E. durans. Genes encoding antimicrobial resistance and virulence were studied by polymerase chain reaction. A total of 15 (57.7%) of the 26 vancomycin-resistant isolates harboured the vanA gene. Other resistance genes detected included vanB, erm(B) and/or erm(C), tet(L) and/or tet(M), acc(6')-aph(2″), and aph(3')-IIIa in strains resistant to vancomycin, erythromycin, tetracycline, gentamicin, and kanamycin, respectively. Specific genes of the Tn5397 transposon were detected in 54.8% of the tet(M)-positive enterococci. Nine virulence factors (gelE, agg, ace, cpd, frs, esp, hyl, efaAfs and efaAfm) were studied. All virulence genes, with the exception of the frs gene, were found to be present in the enterococcal isolates. At least one virulence gene was detected in 20.0% of E. faecium, 71.4% of E. faecalis and 33.3% of E. durans isolates, with ace and cpd being the most frequently detected genes (6 isolates each). This suggests that wild game meat might play a role in the spreading through the food chain of enterococci with antimicrobial resistance and virulence determinants to humans. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Lluvia de semillas y emergencia de plántulas de Fagus grandifolia subsp. mexicana en La Mojonera, Hidalgo, México Seed rain and seedling emergence of Fagus grandifolia subsp. mexicana at La Mojonera, Hidalgo, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliva Godínez-Ibarra

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Fagus grandifolia subsp. mexicana es una especie restringida a pequeñas poblaciones y sujeta a fuerte presión antropogénica. Con el objetivo de obtener información relevante que permita proponer alternativas de conservación, se analizó la producción de semillas y la demografía de plántulas de primer año en la Mojonera, Hidalgo. Se estableció una parcela de observación de 4 800 m² dividida en cuadrantes de 10 X 10 m. Se utilizaron trampas de 0.5 m² para estimar la producción de semillas, así como subparcelas de 1 m² para registrar la emergencia y supervivencia de plántulas. La producción fue de 521 667 semillas ha-1, de las que sólo el 24.44% estaban llenas; el 46.01% vanas, y el 29.55% dañadas. La densidad de plántulas emergidas varió de 1 a 33 plántulas por m². El porcentaje de supervivencia de plántulas de primer año fue de 2.8% después de 10 meses de observación, siendo las de mayor supervivencia las que emergieron durante las primeras fechas. El 34.44% de las plántulas murieron por herbivoría, el 24.07% por damping-off y 23.65% por causa desconocida. La especie presenta el patrón general de supervivencia de especies arbóreas con alta mortalidad durante el primer año de vida.Fagus grandifolia subsp. mexicana is a species restricted to small populations under high anthropogenic pressure. With the aim to attain information to propose conservation strategies of this species, the seed rain and demography of current-year seedlings were analyzed at La Mojonera, Hidalgo, Mexico. A 4 800 m² plot divided into 10 X 10 m quadrants was established. The seed rain, seedling emergence, and survival were analyzed using seed traps of 0.5 m² and adjacent 1 m² sub-plots. The total seed rain was 521 667 seeds ha-1. A high proportion of seeds were unsound (46.01%, followed by damaged seeds (29.5% and only 24.44% were sound. Emerged seedlings fluctuated from 1 to 33 seedlings m². Alter 10 months, 2.8% of emerged seedlings were

  3. Respuesta del girasol a diferentes profundidades de incorporación del fertilizante Response of sunflower to deep fertilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peña C. Jorge

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio se realizó con el objetivo de analizar la respuesta del girasol a la fertilización a diferentes profundidades. Los tratamientos fueron: incorporación del fertilizante a 10 cm con rastrillo pulidor, a 15 cm con rastra-arado, a 25 cm con arado de discos y a 30 cm con cincel-abonador; testigo absoluto sin fertilizar. Se presentaron incrementos en rendimiento a la incorporación del fertilizante a 30 cm, mostrando diferencias altamente significativas con la fertilización a 10 cm y el testigo, los incrementos en rendimiento fueron de 64.9% y 109.7% en promedio para cada uno de los semestres. Igualmente, se observaron aumentos en el diámetro del capítulo, en el peso de 1.000 semillas, en la altura de planta y disminución en el porcentaje de semillas vanas en el capitulo. Los porcentajes de cáscara, almendra, aceite y proteína no respondieron a la fertilización profunda. Desde el punto de vista económico, la mejor alternativa correspondió a la fertilización a 30 cm con cincel-abonador; la incorporación a 15 cm, con la rastra-arado, se presentó como según da opción con una tasa de retorno marginal aceptable, la cual para la región se estimó en 100 % como valor mínimo.The objective of the study was to analize the response in yield and other agronomic characteristics of sunflower based on different depths of fertilizer application. The treatments were application of fertilizer 10 cm depth tandem disk harrow, 15 cm depth with disk harrow, 25 cm depth with disk plow and 30 cm depth with chisel; an absolut control was also included. The incorporation with chisel was significantly higher than disk harrow and the control, but not with tandem disk harrow and disk plow. Increments of the chisel treatment with respect to disk harrow for the two consecutive semester were thus: for yield 64.9% and 109.7%; for capitulum diameter 20.1% and 29.9%: for weight of 1.000 seeds 34.7% and 37.1 % for plant height 15.6 % and 27.7 %, and a

  4. CRUZAMIENTOS INTRA E INTERESPECIFICOS EN TURNERA , SERIE CANALIGERAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Arbo

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Canaligerae es una de las 9 series del género Turnera. Las especies de esta serie tienen la morfología floral más avanzada, y son la única serie conocida hasta ahora con número básico x = 5. Un programa de cruzamientos controlados se llevó a cabo entre  13 especies, cuatro de ellos con citotipos diploides y tetraploides,totalizando 17 accesiones de las regiones tropicales y subtropicales de América. La producción de híbridos se utilizó para determinar el grado de afinidad entre las entidades. La producción de los híbridos no viables, buenas semillas que no germinan, semillas vanas y el éxito de los cruces no fueron considerados como fracasos Sólo la producción de híbridos viables fue consideradas como éxitos. De las 136 combinaciones posibles (contando cada cruce y su recíproco a ser una cruz 53 híbridos y fracasos 83 fueron recuperados. La capacidad de cruzamiento entre las especies diploides indica que las especies con flores de color azul-blanca (T.caerulea, T.sunnamensis y T.grandiflora son un grupo estrechamente relacionado, y lo mismo ocurre con las especies de flores amarillas (T.scabra, T.subulata, T. Krapovickasii y T.concinna. Las especies con flores de color azul-blanco son genéticamente aisladas no sólo de las especies con flores amarillas, sino también del resto de las especies estudiadas aquí. T.coriacea y T.hermannioides parecen estar también genéticamente aisladas del resto de las especies consideradas aquí. T.aff.coriacea y T.hermannioides parecen también estar genéticamente aisladas del resto de las especies consideradas aquí. Por otro lado, los híbridos intraespecíficos entre citotipos señala la continuidad genética entre los individuos 2x y 4x que pertenecen a la misma especie. Alopolyploids (T.grandidentata, T.orientalis, T.ulmifolia y T. Aurelii tener una gama más amplia de cruzabilidad probablemente debido a la presencia de genomas diferentes en sus cromosomas

  5. Molecular characterization of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from livestock (bovine and swine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asima Zehra

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to figure the prevalence, phenotypic and genotypic antibiotic resistance (AR pattern of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine and swine nares. Materials and Methods: Colonies with typical morphology on Baird-Parker agar supplemented with egg-yolk tellurite emulsion were selected and biochemically/genotypically identified as S. aureus. These strains were further subjected to epsilometer test for their sensitivity to various clinically important antibiotics and antibiotic susceptibility testing for amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, and double-disk diffusion testing was performed by the standard disc diffusion method following CLSI guidelines. S. aureus strains were also tested for the presence of AR genes, viz., blaZ, mecA, aacA-aphD, erm (ermA, ermB, ermC, tet (efflux genes tetK and tetL, tetM and tetO of the ribosomal protection family, and vanA. Results: The nasal cavities of 17 out of 47 randomly selected bovine and 20 out of 28 randomly selected swine were positive for S. aureus, representing the prevalence of 36.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 22.5-49.9 and 71.4% (95% CI: 54.7-88.1, respectively. Most of the S. aureus strains showed higher resistance to penicillin (94.6%, minimal inhibitory concentration [MIC] =1.5 μg/ml followed by ciprofloxacin (56.7%, MIC =32 μg/ml and tetracycline (18.9%, MIC =32 μg/ml. About 10-15% of the strains were resistant to gentamicin (MIC 16 μg/ml and oxacillin (MIC 6-8 μg/ml. None of the strains were resistant to vancomycin (MIC 0.25-1.5 μg/ml. In this study, 32.4% strains were resistant to three or more than three antibiotics and prevalence of this multi-drug resistant S. aureus was 45% (95% CI: 26.6-63.4 and 17.6% (95% CI: 6.7- 28.5 in swine and bovine nasal samples, respectively. Four strains from pigs were borderline oxacillin-resistant S. aureus MIC 6-8 μg/ml, but none were mecA positive. Two of these strains were β-lactamase hyperproducers. Among the resistance

  6. Trends in antimicrobial resistance among clinical isolates of enterococci in a Brazilian tertiary hospital: a 4-year study Evolução da resistência aos antimicrobianos entre isolados clínicos de enterococos em um hospital terciário brasileiro: um estudo de 4 anos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Conceição

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: In the past two decades members of the genus Enterococcus have emerged as important nosocomial pathogens worldwide. This study prospectively analyzed the distribution of species and trends in antimicrobial resistance among clinical isolates of enterococci in a Brazilian tertiary hospital from 2006-2009. METHODS: Enterococcal species were identified by conventional biochemical tests. The antimicrobial susceptibility profile was performed by disk diffusion in accordance with the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI. A screening test for vancomycin was also performed. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC for vancomycin was determined using the broth dilution method. Molecular assays were used to confirm speciation and genotype of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE. RESULTS: A total of 324 non-repetitive enterococcal isolates were recovered, of which 87% were E. faecalis and 10.8% E. faecium. The incidence of E. faecium per 1,000 admissions increased significantly (p 256µg/ mL and harbored vanA genes. The majority (89.5% of VRE belonged to E. faecium species, which were characteristically resistant to ampicillin and quinolones. Overall, ampicillin resistance rate increased significantly from 2.5% to 21.4% from 2006-2009. Resistance rates for gentamicin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, and erythromycin significantly decreased over time, although they remained high. Quinolones resistance rates were high and did not change significantly over time. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained show a significant increasing trend in the incidence of E. faecium resistant to ampicillin and vancomycin.INTRODUÇÃO: Nas últimas duas décadas, os enterococos emergiram como importantes patógenos nosocomiais no mundo inteiro. Neste estudo, foi analisada a distribuição das espécies e a evolução da resistência aos antimicrobianos entre isolados clínicos de enterococos obtidos em um hospital terciário, no período de 2006 a 2009. M

  7. "Kes kaunis on, peab andma vastse võsu..." : [sonetid] / William Shakespeare ; tlk. Harald Rajamets, Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "Kes kaunis on, peab andma vastse võsu..." ; "Sa peeglist näed: need palgejooned nüüd..." ; "Seesama aeg, mis kunstipeenelt voolib..." ; "Miks muusika teeb nukraks sind, kes ise..." ; "Ei, armastust ei tunne sinu rind..." ; "Nii ruttu, kui sa hääbud, uueks sirgud..." ; "Kui kuulen, kuidas aega mõõdab kell..." ; "Kuid miks sa ise tõhusamal moel..." ; "Kas suvepäeva sarnaseks sind kiita?..." ; "Aeg, õgard, küüned lõvil tömbiks kääna... ; "Ei veena peegel mind, et olen vana..." ; "Just nagu näitleja, kel kinni keel..." ; "Mu silm kui taidur võttis pilti teha..." ; "Mu armu isand, kelle truu vasall..." ; "Ma reisist väsinuna heidan sängi..." ; "Kui õnnest hüljatuna nutan sala..." ; "Kui vaikse leebe mõtte kohtu ette..." ; "Ma olen näinud küll, kuis tõusev päike..." ; "Ma tunnistan, et meid on siiski kaks..." ; "Nii nagu isa, vanadusest nõrka..." ; "Kui sulen laud, mu silmad hästi näevad..." ; "Nii ränk on reisida mul tüütul teel..." ; "Mis on su olemus, mis tuum su, miks..." ; "Ei kuningate uhked marmorsambad..." ; "Arm, uuenda end, nii et öelda sust..." ; "Kui uut ei olegi, vaid kõik on sama..." ; "Nii nagu lained ulgumerelt randa..." ; "Neiks päeviks, kui kord aeg mu armsal palge..." ; "Et näen, kuis aja käsi kõike lõhub..." ; "Kui pronksi, kivi, maad ja merd võib neelda..." ; "Mu tusk on ränk, nüüd surma kutsuks küll..." ; "Kui suren, ära leina mind sa kaua..." ; "Sa minus seda aastaaega näed..." ; "Mul sinust kirjutades arg on meel..." ; "Oo hüvasti! Liig kallis mul su hind..." ; "Siis vihka mind, kui pead, ja kohe praegu..." ; "Mõnd uhkeks teeb ta kunst, mõnd sünnipära..." ; "Sust eemal olin kevadel, mu arm..." ; "Kui möödaläinud aja kroonikais..." ; "Mis on veel ajul paberile kanda..." ; "Jah, tõsi, olen käinus siin ja seal..." ; "Ma uskuda ei saa, et murda suudab..." ; "On parem olla halb kui halvaks peetud..." ; "Ei, aeg, sa ära hoople, et mind muudad..." ; "Mu muusika, kui muusikat sa teed

  8. Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Enterococcus Species: A Hospital-Based Study in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Jia

    2014-03-01

    exhibited various resistances to the same antimicrobial agent, while reserpine treatment reduced the resistance of Enterococcus species to ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin. The β-lactamase gene TEM, aminoglycoside-modifying-enzyme genes aac(6'-aph(2", aph(3'-III, ant(6-I and ant(2"-I, tetracycline resistance gene tetM, erythromycin resistance gene ermB, vancomycin resistance gene vanA and the enterococcal multidrug resistance efflux emeA gene were detected in 77%, 62%, 26%, 13%, 36%, 31%, 66%, 5% and 55% of the 100 multiple-drug resistant enterococcal isolates. Conclusions: similar to previous findings, E. faecium and E. faecalis are predominant conditionally pathogenic bacteria that cause hospital-acquired infections that can cause urinary and respiratory system infections. Multiple and high-level antimicrobial resistance is highly prevalent in the hospital isolates of Enterococcus species. Reserpine treatment inhibits the active efflux of Enterococcus species to ciprofloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin in vitro and reduces the MIC of Enterococcus species to these three fluoroquinolones. The presence of the enterococcal multidrug resistance efflux emeA gene is associated with the resistance to antibiotics in Enterococcus species. The monitoring of the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Enterococcus species is of great significance to guide the control and prevention of enterococcal infections.

  9. Water quality and landscape processes of four watersheds in eastern Puerto Rico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Sheila F.; Stallard, Robert F.; Contributions by Buss, Heather L.; Gould, William A.; Larsen, Matthew C.; Liu, Zhigang; Martinuzzi, Sebastian; Pares-Ramos, Isabel K.; White, Arthur F.; Zou, Xiaoming

    2012-01-01

    Humid tropical regions occupy about a quarter of Earth's land surface, yet they contribute a substantially higher fraction of the water, solutes, and sediment discharged to the world's oceans. Nearly half of Earth's population lives in the tropics, and development stresses can potentially harm soil resources, water quality, and water supply and in addition increase landslide and flood hazards. Owing to Puerto Rico's steep topography, low water storage capacity, and dependence on trade-wind precipitation, the island's people, ecosystems, and water supply are vulnerable to extreme weather such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts. Eastern Puerto Rico offers a natural laboratory for separating geologic and land-cover influences from regional- and global-scale influences because of its various bedrock types and the changing land cover surrounding intact, mature forest of the Luquillo Experimental Forest. Accordingly, a multiyear assessment of hydrological and biogeochemical processes was designed to develop an understanding of the effects of these differences on local climate, streamflow, water quality, and ecosystems, and to form the basis for a long-term and event-based program of climate and hydrologic monitoring. Because infrequent, large storms play a major role in this landscape, we focused on high-runoff events, sampling 263 storms, including all major hurricanes from 1991 through 2005. The largest storms have profound geomorphic consequences, such as landslides, debris flows, deep gullying on deforested lands, excavation and suspension of sediment in stream channels, and delivery of a substantial fraction of annual stream sediment load. Large storms sometimes entrain ocean foam and spray causing high concentrations of seasalt-derived constituents in stream waters during the storm. Past deforestation and agricultural activities in the Cayaguás and Canóvanas watersheds accelerated erosion and soil loss, and this material continues to be remobilized during large

  10. Formation and growth rates of atmospheric nanoparticles: four years of observations at two West Siberian stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arshinov, Mikhail Yu.; Belan, Boris D.; Davydov, Denis K.; Kozlov, Artem V.; Arshinova, Victoria

    2015-04-01

    the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 14.604.21.0100, (RFMTFIBBB210290) and No. 14.613.21.0013 (RFMEFI61314X0013); and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant No. 14-05-00590). Dal Maso, M., Kulmala, M., Riipinen, I., Wagner, R., Hussein, T., Aalto, P. P., and Lehtinen, K. E. J. (2005). Formation and growth of fresh atmospheric aerosols: eight years of aerosol size distribution data from SMEAR II, Hyytiälä, Finland, Boreal Environ. Res. 10, 323-336. Dal Maso, M., Sogacheva, L., Aalto, P., Riipinen, I., Komppula, M., Tunved, P., Korhonen, L., Suur-uski, V., Hirsikko, A., Kurten, T., Kerminen, V., Lihavainen, H., Viisanen, Y., Hansson, H., and Kulmala, M. (2007). Aerosol size distribution measurements at four Nordic field stations: identification, analysis and trajectories analysis of new particle formation bursts, Tellus B 59, 350-361. Hamed, A., Joutsensaari, J., Mikkonen, S., Sogacheva, L., Dal Maso, M., Kulmala, M., Cavalli F., Fuzzi S., Facchini, M. C., Decesari, S., Mircea, M., Lehtinen, K. E. J., and Laaksonen, A. (2007). Nucleation and growth of new particles in Po Valley, Italy, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 355-376. Hirsikko, A., Nieminen, T., Gagné, S., Lehtipalo, K., Manninen, H. E., Ehn, M., Hõrrak, U., Kerminen, V.-M., Laakso, L., McMurry, P. H., Mirme, A., Mirme, S., Petäjä, T., Tammet, H., Vakkari, V., Vana, M., and Kulmala, M. (2011). Atmospheric ions and nucleation: a review of observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 767-798. Kulmala, M., Vehkamäki, H., Petäjä, T., Dal Maso, M., Lauri A., Kerminen, V.-M., Birmili, W., and McMurry, P. H. (2004a) Formation and growth rates of ultrafine atmospheric particles: a review of observations, J. Aerosol Science 35, 143-176.

  11. Un Médico a la Medida de su Comunidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Francisco Socarrás

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available

    La ciudad de los Santos Reyes
    La guerra civil había diezmado las ganaderías de la rica provincia y la población entera pagaba con creces el horrendo pecado de la contienda fratricida. Muchas familias, antes en la holganza arrostraban con estoicismo pobreza vergonzante. Se caía a pedazos la antigua ciudad colonial, cerebro y corazón de extenso territorio. La propia plaza mayor mostraba solares que eran otros tantos estigmas de la situación aflictiva.

    Como el techo se había hundido en algo más de la mitad, por la vasta tronera la iglesia parroquial miraba realmente al cielo, exponiendo a la intemperie el muñón acusador de la torre casi a ras de piso. El espectáculo del templo era lastimoso. Los muros aparecían carcomidos por los alisios y las lluvias torrenciales, e igual las altas columnas talladas en troncos de árboles seguramente centenarios. Los altares, obra auténtica de la artesanía nativa, no ostentaban ya el brillo del dorado.

    En el piso, de anchas baldosas de barro cocido medio se hundían las lápidas de mármol que contaban el breve tránsito por este mundo de quienes fueran personas influyentes en la región.

    En la calle principal, en otros tiempos consagrada al Rey, menudeaban también las ruinas y, siguiendo en dirección al cementerio, podían descubrirse en un buen trecho los cimientos de construcciones desaparecidas, que por su disposición y tamaño proclamaban la fortuna de quienes las habitaran. Los conventos de Franciscanos y Dominicos yacían por tierra, convertidos en informe amontonamiento de escombros, igual que la mayoría de las casas de habitación que los rodeaban.

    Las paredes maestras y la fachada de la iglesia de San Francisco, no obstante el deterioro, atestiguaban todavía la vana ilusión de construir para la eternidad que anima a ciertas empresas humanas. La iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Rosario, resto intacto de la fundación dominicana, era la

  12. Saateks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiina Ann Kirss

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Väljaanne, mida Te käes hoiate, on Tartu Ülikooli kultuuriteaduste ja kunstide instituudi ning Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi kultuuriloolise arhiivi uue kultuuriteadusliku ajakirja Methis. Studia humaniora Estonica esimese aastakäigu kaksiknumber. Antiikmütoloogiast lähtudes sündis tarkusejumalanna Ateena oma isa, Zeusi peast. Kuid tal oli ema, kelle nimi oli Metis – meie ajakirja nimes on ta saanud ühe lisatähe. Kui lugejas kutsub ajakirja tekkeloo mütoloogiline taust esile kiusatust allegoriseerida, siis olgu see ärgitavas ja peibutavas mõttes vihje tarkuse käänulisele, imetabasele või tabamatule kujunemisteekonnale, viljakusele, mis võiks olla alternatiiv „tootlikkusele”. Lihtsamalt ja ehedamalt viitab nimeloole ka kaanekujundus, vihjates jõeäärsele paigale Põhja-Liivimaal, kust väljaanne pärineb. Edasi kõnelevad kohamuistendid ka vaimust, mis selles paigas rändab ning seal ulualuse, kui mitte eluaseme on leidnud. Müütidel on alati olnud variante ning varje. Seega on uuel ajakirjal teisigi (kajalisi vihjeid nüüdisaegsele Eesti teadusmaastikule. Neid varjundeid tabades aimab lugeja õigesti, et kavatsus on avada uksi ja õhuaknaid tõsiuurimuslikule humanitaarsele loomingule, milles on tekstimõnu ja sõnasära, miks mitte ka elegantsi. Selliseid humanitaaria väärtusi ning voorusi silmas pidades jääb midagi olulist püsima, mida teaduse bürokratiseerumine ohustab ning halliks tasandab. Ühtlasi, Methise kolleegium ja tegevtoimetus on võtnud nõuks neid uksi ja õhuaknaid avada peamiselt eestikeeles – ajal ja taustal, mil „teaduse tegemist” väärtustatakse kõrgemalt eelkõige siis, kui tulemus ilmub teises, „rahvusvahelises” keeles. See otsus tehti veendumuses, et eesti humanitaaria toitev allikas on eesti keel ning et selle teaduskeele sära ning paindlikkuse arendamine on humanitaarse uurimistöö kohustus ning kaastoime. Tuntud vanasõna järgi on kordamine tarkuse ema. Tahtes valida uue ajakirja

  13. Estudios Genéticos de las Incompatibilidades en los Poliploides de Brassica Pekinensis Rupr.

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    Shibata. Kanzo

    1961-09-01

    relaciones de dominante a recesivo entre dos genes en los pólenes heteroalelicos respecto al gene opuesto, no son completas sino incompletas. 12. Estos fenómenos genéticos se explican con el sistema gametofítico en todos los casos. 13. Las relaciones directas respecto a la fertilidad de sus cápsulas fueron descritas entre los resultados de los cruzamientos recíprocos de 2x X 4x y de los genotipos opuestos de sus padres. No obstante, no fueron descritas respecto a la fertilidad de la semilla y la frecuencia de germinación de semilla F1. Pero, en las combinaciones compatibles de 2x X 4x fueron obtenidas muchas más semillas vanas y arrugadas que en los casos de combinaciones de los otros 3 tipos de cruzamientos recíprocos. Algunas consideraciones respecto a la función del gene opuesto en Brassicege han sido mencionadas por el autor./Abstract In the present paper, the behavior or the function of the oppositional genes in the artificial autotetraploids and the relationships between the results of the reciprocal crosses of 4x X 2x and their oppositional genotypes of Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis Rupr. were studied by the present author. In a diploid commercial variety “Kanazawa-Hakusai”, four homozygous strains, S1S1, S2S2, S3S3 and S4S4, were analysed by the ordinary cro-sing experiments, and their correspondent autotetraploids conducted by the dropping method of 0.2% aqueous solution of colchicines. 1.The results of the selfing, the primary and the secondary crosses were as follows: aAll the plants with SaSaSaSa type showed a self-and crosses incompatibility in the intra-group crossing among the individuals with the same genotype (Table 1. bAll the possible cross combinations with SaSaSaSa X SbSbSbSb type showed compatility (Table 2 cThe plants with SaSaSbSb type showed a self-and cross-incmpatibility in the intra-group crossing among the individuals with the same genotype (able 3 & 4. dIn the cross combinations with SaSaSbSb X Sa