WorldWideScience

Sample records for valencia venezuelasocioeconomic status

  1. Host status of grapefruit and Valencia oranges for Anastrepha serpentina and Anastrepha ludens (Diptera: Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangan, Robert L; Thomas, Donald B; Moreno, Aleena M Tarshis

    2011-04-01

    Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is sporadically captured in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Although its preferred hosts are in the Sapotaceae family, several varieties of Citrus, including grapefruit and oranges are listed as alternate hosts. Although Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens (Loew), is known to be a major pest of Citrus, doubt exists as to the status of Citrus as a breeding host for A. serpentina. To evaluate the host status of commercial Citrus for A. serpentina we compared oviposition and development with that of A. ludens under laboratory conditions with 'Rio Red' grapefruit (Citrus paradisi MacFayden) and 'Valencia' oranges [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] in different stages of maturity. Both fly species oviposited in early season fruit in which the eggs and larvae died in the fruit albedo. Survival of either species to the adult stage occurred in later season grapefruit. In oranges, no A. serpentina larvae survived compared with 150 A. ludens surviving to adults. Survival on both Citrus species was much lower for A. serpentina, only approximately 5% of eggs eclosed into larvae in grapefruit compared with approximatley 50% for A. ludens. In oranges approximately 16% of A. serpentina eggs eclosed compared with approximately 76% for A. ludens. In grapefruit, only one fourth as many A. serpentina larvae survived to the adult stage compared with A. ludens. Additional experiments were performed in a greenhouse on small, caged trees of la coma (Sideroxylon celastrinum H.B.K.), a Texas species of Sapotaceae. The A. serpentina females readily oviposited into these berries and normal adults emerged. The present low incidence of the adults, coupled with the high mortality during development of the larvae, suggests that Texas citrus is unlikely to support a breeding population of A. serpentina.

  2. Nutritional status of students of primary and secondary education of Valencia and the relationship with adherence to the Mediterranean Diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Navarro-Solera

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Childhood obesity is reaching very high in the Spanish pediatric population favouring obesity in adults. To know the nutritional status of students from six schools in the province of Valencia and its degree of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD.Material and methods: Cross-sectional study that included 777 students, 49.9% were boys and 50.1% girls aged between 8 and 16 years. Weight and height of each participant was determined and body mass index (BMI was calculated. From the Z-score BMI was calculated. KIDMED test was used to study the degree of adherence to the MD.Results: The prevalence of overweight was 14.5 % and 10.0% obese. A total of 53.3%, 30.1% and 16.6% of the whole sample showed a high, medium and low adherence to the MD, respectively. Age, sex and nutritional status were evaluated according to the adherence to the MD. Chi-squared analysis indicated significant association between academic course and nutritional status with the adherence to the MD. Being older and having a higher BMI supposed lower adherence to the MD.Conclusions: We confirmed that the adherence to the MD has significant association with the nutritional status of young people, worsening with increasing age. These results corroborate the need to re-learn eating habits.

  3. Sociodemographic status and training of personal trainers in Region of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pablos Abella

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the sociodemographic profile and training of people working in personal training in Region of Valencia. The methodology used is quantitative descriptive cutting, where the procedures to be followed are those of the survey. There have been interviews and through standardized questionnaire to 600 persons working in job roles of physical activity and sport of which 64 people work as a personal trainer. In this study we find that mostly people working in personal training are male and under 30 years. Also, the vast majority of people working in personal training do not have degree of physical activity and sport, also most have a degree to which their training is not are trained and qualified to work in personal training.

  4. Reinventar Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Lozano Velasco, José María

    2008-01-01

    Esta ponencia se plantea en el contexto de una Jornada de presentación de la Cátedra Ciudad que, con el nombre LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA COMO OBJETO DE ESTUDIO podría, a su vez, entenderse como una aproximación a las actividades y, particularmente, a la investigación urbanística y arquitectónica que se pueda producir en el campo universitario en sinergia con el propio Ayuntamiento de la ciudad de Valencia. O al menos así lo entiendo yo. Me acompañan en esta mesa experimentados urbanistas ...

  5. Anthropometric Status and Nutritional Intake in Children (6–9 Years in Valencia (Spain: The ANIVA Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Morales-Suárez-Varela

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to assess nutritional intake and anthropometric statuses in schoolchildren to subsequently determine nutritional adequacy with Spanish Dietary Reference Intake (DRIs. The ANIVA study, a descriptive cross-sectional study, was conducted in 710 schoolchildren (6–9 years in 2013–2014 in Valencia (Spain. Children’s dietary intake was measured using 3-day food records, completed by parents. Anthropometric measures (weight and height were measured according to international standards, and BMI-for-age was calculated and converted into z-scores by WHO-Anthro for age and sex. Nutrient adequacy was assessed using DRI based on estimated average requirement (EAR or adequate intake (AI. Pearson’s chi-square and Student’s t-test were employed. Of our study group (47.61% boys, 52.39% girls, 53.1% were normoweight and the weight of 46.9% was inadequate; of these, 38.6% had excess body weight (19.6% overweight and 19.0% obesity. We found intakes were lower for biotin, fiber, fluoride, vitamin D (p < 0.016, zinc, iodine, vitamin E, folic acid, calcium and iron (p < 0.017, and higher for lipids, proteins and cholesterol. Our results identify better nutritional adequacy to Spanish recommendations in overweight children. Our findings suggest that nutritional intervention and educational strategies are needed to promote healthy eating in these children and nutritional adequacies.

  6. Comparison of Nutritional Status between Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typically Developing Children in the Mediterranean Region (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marí-Bauset, Salvador; Llopis-González, Agustín; Zazpe, Itziar; Marí-Sanchis, Amelia; Morales Suárez-Varela, Maria

    2017-01-01

    This case-control study investigated nutrient intake, healthy eating index with 10 items on foods and nutrients, on 3-day food diaries and anthropometric measurements in 105 children with autism spectrum disorder and 495 typically developing children (6-9 years) in Valencia (Spain). Children with autism spectrum disorder were at a higher risk for…

  7. Comparison of nutritional status between children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing children in the Mediterranean Region (Valencia, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marí-Bauset, Salvador; Llopis-González, Agustín; Zazpe, Itziar; Marí-Sanchis, Amelia; Morales Suárez-Varela, Maria

    2017-04-01

    This case-control study investigated nutrient intake, healthy eating index with 10 items on foods and nutrients, on 3-day food diaries and anthropometric measurements in 105 children with autism spectrum disorder and 495 typically developing children (6-9 years) in Valencia (Spain). Children with autism spectrum disorder were at a higher risk for underweight, eating more legumes, vegetables, fiber, and some micronutrients (traditional Mediterranean diet) but fewer dairy and cereal products, and less iodine, sodium, and calcium than their typically developing peers. Differences existed in total energy intake but healthy eating index and food variety score differences were not significant. Autism spectrum disorder group failed to meet dietary recommendations for thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin C, or calcium. Risk of inadequate intake of fiber, vitamin E, and sodium was lower in children with autism spectrum disorder than typically developing children. Results suggest that (1) risk of inadequate intake of some micronutrients in children with autism spectrum disorder and (2) cultural patterns and environment may influence food intake and anthropometric characteristics in autism spectrum disorder. Primary care should include anthropometric and nutritional surveillance in this population to identify intervention on a case-by-case basis. Future research should explore dietary patterns and anthropometric characteristics in different autism spectrum disorder populations in other countries, enhancing our understanding of the disorder's impact.

  8. Valencia-Madrid / Jaan Elken

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elken, Jaan, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Elken oli Erasmuse programmi raames külalisloengutel Valencia polütehnilises instituudis. Valencia arhitektuurist, muuseumidest, näitusest "Valencia 09. Confines/Passages of Contemporary Arts" Valencia Kaasaegse Kunsti Instituudis, festivalist "PhotoEspana (PHE 09)" Madridis, saksa maalikunstniku näitusest "Gerhard Richter. Fotografias pintadas" ("Maalitud fotod"). Lühidalt hispaania skulptori Juan Muñoze näitusest Hispaania rahvusmuuseumi Reina Sofia kaasaegse kunsti keskuses, prantsuse maalikunstniku Henri Matisse'i näitusest Thyssen-Bornemiszas, hispaania maalikunstniku Joaquín Sorolla näitusest Prado muuseumis

  9. The effects of citrus rootstocks on Valencia Late and Rhode Red ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The major rootstock of Turkish citrus production is sour orange while trifoliate, Troyer and Carrizo citranges are utilized as well. In this study, we determined the rootstock effects on some plant nutrient element status of Rhode Red Valencia and Valencia Late oranges budded on sour orange, Troyer and Carrizo citranges in ...

  10. Valencia County Blocks, Housing Vacancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  11. L'Albufera de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Ibor, Carles Sanchis; Jégou, Anne; Pech, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    L’Albufera de Valencia offre une possibilité d’application de la médiance selon A. Berque. La lagune a connu trois médiances successives. Aujourd’hui une nouvelle médiance semble se dessiner : celle du développement durable. à partir de l’analyse des types de relations entre différents groupes d’une même société à leur milieu, au travers des enjeux hydriques, l’article cherche à utiliser le changement environnemental comme marqueur de médiance. A lo largo de los últimos siglos, la Albufera...

  12. Eje urbano Moro Zeit, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mifsut García, César D.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1992 public Institutions thought about the recovery of Valencia Old Town. with an important built heritage and some of their quarters in a situation of deep social, economic and architectural degradation. Into that scene it was signed an Agreement between the City Council and Regional Government (RlVA, in order lo create Plan RIVA. This one outlines a series of social. economic, urban and architectural objectives lo improve the quality of the residents' life and lo attract new neighbours, lo energize trade and associations and lo preserve the existent built heritage. The Plan RI VA is rewarded in 1998 such as one of the 100 Best Practices, as a complete performance in the old town of Valencia. It’s continuous development along the years goes configuring environments that can be defined as finished. With this appellative they define areas that have finish ed their physical rehabilitation and their social and economic regeneration. As upgrade of the Plan already presented, u intends now the result of one of those completed areas, which is the Moro Zeit Urban Axis. The great scale urban renovation began in 1996 in the centre of the Barrio de Velluters, in the scene of the European operative program URBAN. 11is now completed with the realization of the proposed area, as an important artery 01 connection of this quarter with the rest of the historical centre. The initiative has required the coordination of all the agents interveners, public and private, with periodic meetings of different work groups that have adjusted the final quantitative and qualitative parameters .En 1992 las Instituciones Públicas se plantean la recuperación del Centro Histórico de Valencia, con un importan le patrimonio edificado y algunos de sus barrios en una situación de profunda degradación social, económica y arquitectónica, mediante la firma de un Convenio entre el Ayuntamiento y la Generalitat Valenciana (RIVA, creando el Plan RIVA. Éste plantea una

  13. Actuaciones en Ciutat Vella, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Alcañiz, César

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The historical Valencia 's center -one of the biggest in Europe-was in a great urbanistic, architectonical, social and economical damage way al the begining of the last century. The urbanistic modifications realised in Valencia town al the end of the last century and al the begining of the new one, were carried out without a real knowledge of how to integrate the old town, with its gradual aging and also its gradual economical activity fall. AII those subjects were studied by the Stat e, Self-Governing and Local authorities when they decided lo begin the works lo recover the place, with the following and main purposes: lo regenerate the environment, lo recover the buildings, lo provide the necessary services lo the neighbours, offering them social programs as well as those concerning the improvement of their economical activity. Starting from this point, the Local and Self Governing Authorities signed, in 1998, an agreement in order to invest about 40.000 millions pesetas, amount who was increased with a country government 's help named "Planes de Vivienda" with the aim lo help the rehabilitation and the flats purchase. The combined action of different Governments and the promotion of the private initiative, was completed with the European help through FEDER funds, concerning the Operative Urban program in order lo recuperate the degradate districts. The collaboration of different Professional Associations, Architects College, Universities, Residents Associations, etc., was very important. Very remarkable is also the participation in all national or international forum , in order lo share experiences concerning the recuperation of historial town centres.El Centro Histórico de Valencia, que, por extensión, es uno de los mayores de Europa, se encontraba, al inicio de este último cuarto de siglo, en un franco proceso de deterioro urbanístico, arquitectónico, social y económico. Las reformas urbanas realizadas en la ciudad de Valencia, tanto a

  14. Assessing genetic diversity in Valencia peanut germplasm using SSR markers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.ssp. fastigiata var. fastigiata) are well known for their in-shell market value. Assessment of genetic diversity of the available Valencia germplasm is key to the success of developing improved cultivars with desirable agronomic and quality traits. In the pres...

  15. Produção, qualidade dos frutos e estado nutricional da laranja valência sob fertirrigação e adubação convencional Yield, fruit quality and nutritional status of valencia orange under fertigation and conventional fertilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza H. Duenhas

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar os efeitos de doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio aplicadas via água de irrigação em comparação à aplicação convencional de fertilizantes, com irrigação e sem irrigação. O experimento foi conduzido em um pomar de laranja 'Valência' (Citrus sinensis Osbeck localizado em Pratânia - SP, durante três anos consecutivos, e analisados os dados do último ano de observação. As diferentes formas de aplicação dos fertilizantes e a redução das doses fornecidas via água de irrigação não resultaram em diferenças significativas sobre o número médio de frutos e produtividade. Também não foram constatadas diferenças estatísticas dos tratamentos sobre a qualidade do suco e o estado nutricional das plantas, com exceção do teor de fósforo.The purpose of this study was to compare doses of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium applied through irrigation water and conventional fertilizer application, with and without irrigation. The experiment was carried out in a Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis Osbeck orchard in Pratania City, São Paulo State, Brazil, during three consecutive years. The data of the last year of observation were analysed. The different fertilizer application methods and the reduction of fertigation doses did not result in significative differences on the average number of fruits and productivily. Statistical differences of treatments on juice quality and plants nutritional status were not found, except leaf phosphorus.

  16. Ferulago ternatifolia (Umbelliferae en la provincia de Valencia [Ferulago ternatifolia (Umbelliferae, new record for the province of Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Enric Oltra Benavent

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se dan a conocer las primeras localidades de Ferulago ternatifolia Solanas, M.B. Crespo & García Martín (Umbelliferae para la provincia de Valencia. Además se aportan datos ecológicos y de conservación. SUMMARY: Ferulago ternatifolia (Umbelliferae, new record for the province of Valencia (Spain. Ferulago ternatifolia Solanas, M.B. Crespo & García Martín (Umbelliferae is reported for the first time in the province of Valencia (E of Spain. Some ecological and conservational data are also shown.

  17. Light pollution in Valencia: public awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, E.; Morales-Rubio, A.

    2015-05-01

    Light pollution is caused by the direct and indirect light emission into the atmosphere from artificial night sources. The most decisive effect is the increasing of the luminance of the sky preventing stargazing. The fundamental actor for solving the problem is public awareness. Therefore, in accordance with authorities of the Valencian natural parks, municipalities and high schools, we have held a series of explanatory talks to the general public on the problem of light pollution, not only about the loss of the night and its impact on Astronomy, but also about the waste of energy and its impact on nocturnal wildlife and human health. Furthermore, in order to emphasize the need to preserve dark skies, popular astronomical observations have been also performed. An informative brochure on the problem of light pollution, with real cases involving natural parks, Valencia and its metropolitan area, has been published.

  18. Bibliotecas escolares en la provincia de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Ferrer, Josep

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aproximadamente en el curso 2006-2007, la Conselleria de educación homogeneizó la gestión de las bibliotecas escolares de los centros de enseñanza públicos a ella adscritos. Durante los cursos 2010/2011 y 2011/2012 todos los centros de secundaria con bachillerato de la provincia de Valencia fueron invitados a participar en un estudio sobre el uso, gestión, fondos y servicios de las bibliotecas de sus centros. Este estudio presenta los resultados de este estudio, con datos recogidos de casi 150 centros: tanto in situ, mediante visita personalizada; como mediante contacto telemático, fuera este telefónico o a través de la cumplimentación de un cuestionario en línea. Este estudio puede servir de base comparativa para otros proyectos similares que puedan realizarse en un futuro.

  19. Antonio Aliprandi, un estucador lombardo en la Valencia de 1700

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo González Tornel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En torno a 1700 aparecen en Valencia varios artistas extranjeros que residirán en la ciudad varios años dejando en ella un considerable volumen de obras. Uno de ellos, Antonio Aliprandi, se especializará en la factura de revestimientos de estuco para interiores principalmente eclesiásticos. En el presente texto se realiza un recorrido por las obras de Aliprandi en Valencia y se documentan varias de ellas hasta el momento sólo atribuidas a su mano.Around 1700 many foreign artists appear in Valencia where they will stand for several years leaving in our town quite a lot of handcrafts. One among them, Antonio Aliprandi, will specialize himself on recovering many buildings with stucco, mainly in churches. This text makes a journey along Aliprandi's art pieces in Valencia after working on files to find the documents refered to them.

  20. Valencia County Block Groups, Housing Vacancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  1. Valencia County Block Groups, Housing Occupancy Status (2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The once-a-decade decennial census was conducted in April 2010 by the U.S. Census Bureau. This count of every resident in the United States was mandated by Article...

  2. R-ALERGO. Rutas alergosaludables en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael R. Temes Cordovez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El proyecto R-ALERGO, desarrollado entre la Universitat Politècnica de València y el Hospital Universitario La Fe, tiene como objetivo crear una aplicación móvil (App que permita a los/las usuarios/as seleccionar, dentro de la ciudad de Valencia, las rutas más favorables para las personas alérgicas. En el desarrollo de la aplicación se ha seleccionado un conjunto de nueve variables ambientales presentes en la ciudad, que pueden influir en la aparición de manifestaciones clínicas en las personas alérgicas. Mediante el uso de un método de análisis espacial apoyado en tecnología de redes y sistemas de información geográfica se ha desarrollado la versión 01 de la App que se audita a través del Distintivo AppSaludable. El paso siguiente en este desarrollo es diseñar un proceso de validación clínica con el fin de comprobar su utilidad para las personas alérgicas.

  3. Drivers for human papillomavirus vaccination in Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Illana, Pedro; Navarro-Illana, Esther; Vila-Candel, Rafael; Díez-Domingo, Javier

    2017-07-12

    To describe the drivers associated with HPV vaccination in adolescent girls and their parent's opinion on the vaccine. We conducted an observational and cross-sectional study on adolescent girls and their parents in Valencia (Spain), between September 2011 and June 2012. A consultation was made at a random sample of schools of the 14-year-old girls that should have received the vaccine in the free vaccination programme. We ran a personal survey on knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV infection and the vaccine. A binary logistic regression model was performed to determine which factors were most associated with vaccination. The survey was run on a binomial of 1,278 girls/mothers in 31 schools, to which 833 girls and their mothers responded (64.0%). The factors associated with vaccination were: country of origin of the families (adjusted OR [aOR]: 0.49; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.24-0.98), civil status of the parents (aOR: 0.33; 95%CI: 0.13-0.81), knowledge/beliefs about the vaccine when the source of information was the nurse (aOR: 1.83; 95%CI: 1.01-3.35), information source about the vaccine (aOR: 2.32; 95%CI: 1.37-3.92), preventive health centre visits (aOR: 2.1; 95%CI: 1.10-4.07), and nurse advice (aOR: 6.6; 95%CI: 3.19-13.56). The main factor associated with HPV vaccination was the advice of health professionals. Therefore, the most effective interventions to improve vaccination coverage should focus on health professionals. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Un asesinato en la Valldigna (Valencia, 1492

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barceló, Carmen

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1492, a fatal robbery was committed in a small village in the Kingdom of Valencia. This article analyses the statements of the witnesses to a confession of this crime that were recorded in an Arabic document. The document provides evidence for the application of sharī'a law among Muslims in a territory that was no longer part of an Islamic state - in this case, the meting out of punishments for blood crimes. The survival of the document as part of the case file of the Christian court that adjudicated the case shows that the Valencian justice system considered valid documents produced by a Muslim judge, by a court clerk or by a notary. Moreover, these decisions were provided in Arabic without translation. This practice, confirmed by other evidence, differed from the contemporary legal norms in Aragon, Castile and Granada, a phenomenon that has not been studied until now.

    En este artículo se analiza un documento árabe que contiene la declaración de los testigos de una confesión de robo con asesinato cometido en un pequeño territorio de señorío valenciano en 1492. El análisis del documento permite a la autora situar en un contexto espacial y temporal concreto la aplicación de la šarī'a al castigo de delitos de sangre entre los súbditos musulmanes de un estado no islámico. La conservación del texto como parte del proceso sustanciado ante un tribunal cristiano indica que la justicia penal valenciana daba validez a documentos redactados por un juez, por un escribano o por un notario musulmán, sin traducirlos. Esta práctica, confirmada por otros muchos testimonios, difiere de la que estuvo en vigor en Aragón, Castilla y Granada, y ha pasado prácticamente desapercibida hasta el momento presente.

  5. Heritability for resistance to rosette disease in exotic Valencia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... the crosses (21- 50.7%), except for Valencia C x ICGV-SM 96801 (14.67), M3 x ICGV-SM 99566 (18%) and NuMex-M3 x ICGVSM 96801 (13.5%) crosses that exhibited moderate GAM. The study revealed the presence of variability of GRD resistance, implying that genetic improvement of these exotic materials is possible.

  6. Identity as the Primary Determinant of Language Choice in Valencia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer, Raquel Casesnoves; Sankoff, David

    2003-01-01

    Examines the determinants of language choice using sociodemographic, behavioral, and ideological data on a sample of 180 high school students in the city of Valencia, Spain and the neighboring town of Xativa. Evaluates the relative importance of sociodemographic and ideological factors on the choice of Valencian or Castilian in several contexts…

  7. Growth, yield, and fruit quality of 'Rhode Red Valencia' and 'Valencia Late' sweet oranges grown on three rootstocks in eastern Mediterranean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ercan Yildiz

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The plant growth, yield, yield efficiency, and fruit quality of 'Rhode Red Valencia' and 'Valencia Late' sweet oranges (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck on three rootstocks were evaluated under Eastern Mediterranean climatic conditions of Dortyol-Hatay, which is one of the oldest and largest citrus and mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco production regions in Turkey. The fruit yield was affected by rootstock in both scion cultivars from 2007 through 2010. Trees on 'Troyer' citrange had lower yield than those budded on the other rootstocks. The yield of 'Rhode Red Valencia' and 'Valencia Late' orange trees on 'Carrizo' citrange were about 9% and 19% more than those on 'Troyer' citrange, respectively. But trees on 'Troyer' citrange had significant higher yield efficiency than trees on sour orange and 'Carrizo' citrange, because of canopy volume of 'Troyer' citrange was lower than the other rootstocks. The heaviest fruits of 'Valencia Late' orange trees were harvested from 'Carrizo' citrange (214.69 g, while 'Rhode Red Valencia' orange trees did not show differences regarding the rootstock. The rootstocks had no significant effects on juice content of 'Rhode Red Valencia' and 'Valencia Late' oranges. The effects of the rootstocks in both scion cultivars on juice content, total acids (TA, Brix:TA ratio, and number of seeds per fruit were found to be insignificant.

  8. Nuevo centro comercial en Campanar/Valencia/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Ordóñez, Fernando M.

    1987-04-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the characteristics of a Shopping Centre located in Campanar area, in Valencia. This Centre in elude four perfectly defined levels: -Floor - 4 (shopping -Floor O (shopping -Floor +4 (parking -Floor +7 (parking Within these levels two general stores and shops share the commercial area.

    Se describen en este artículo las características de un Centro Comercial ubicado en el Polígono de Campanar de Valencia. Este Centro se compone de cuatro niveles perfectamente definidos: -Planta - 4 (comercial -Planta 0 (comercial -Planta --4 (aparcamiento -Planta +7 (aparcamiento Dentro de estos niveles, las áreas comerciales se distribuyen entre dos grandes almacenes y tiendas.

  9. [R-ALERGO. Allergy-healthy routes in Valencia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temes Cordovez, Rafael R; Moya Fuero, Alfonso; Martí Garrido, Jaume; Perales Chordá, Carolina; Díaz Palacios, Miguel; Hernández Fernández de Rojas, Dolores

    2016-01-01

    R-ALERGO is a project developed by researchers from the Universitat Politècnica de València and the Hospital Universitario La Fe (Valencia, Spain). The main objective of the project is to create a mobile application identifying, within the city of Valencia, the most favorable routes for allergic individuals. The application is developed using nine environmental variables with a potential effect on the development of clinical manifestations in allergic individuals. The application combines the use of spatial analysis based on network technology and implemented with a geographic information system software. The first 01 version is under evaluation for a Healthy app hallmark. The next step in this project is to design a clinical validation process to test its usefulness in allergic individuals. Copyright © 2015 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  10. ATLAS Virtual Visit-Valencia-24-05-2014

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The annual open house day and the ScienceExpo (Expociencia) have a large turnout and create a playful environment where thousands of citizens can explore the Park`s facilities, both academic and business. Each year, more than 3.000 people came to learn about science and have fun also, gathering scientists and public together. IFIC is the only research institute on Particle Physics placed at Park Scientific of the University of Valencia, so virtual visit to ATLAS is a great oportunity to reach general public. - See more at: http://atlas-live-virtual-visit.web.cern.ch/atlas-live-virtual-visit/2014/Valencia-2014.html#sthash.8VmFkAkF.dpuf

  11. Indoor radon measurements in the city of Valencia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tondeur, F; Ródenas, J; Querol, A; Ortiz, J; Juste, B

    2011-08-01

    The indoor radon risk in Valencia (Spain) was studied more than twenty years ago in two surveys using different methodologies and leading to contradictory results. We report here on new indoor radon measurements with the charcoal canister technique, which confirm the low average level of indoor radon in the city, with a geometrical mean of 24 Bq/m(3) and an arithmetic mean of 27 Bq/m(3). 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Child labor and health in a public market, valencia, venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Rojas Martini, Maritza; Briceno, Leonardo; Vegas, Zulay; Rodriguez, Lourdes

    2010-01-01

    Objectives This study was aimed at determining the living conditions, work practices, health effects and associated occupational risk factors in children working in a public market in Valencia, Venezuela.Methodology A questionnaire was administered which included demographic and exposure variables; a descriptive analysis was then made of the data. Forty-four children were selected. Results The average workday lasted 9.2 ± 3.2 hours/day. Children were most frequently employed...

  13. Characterization dosimetry of applicators Valencia using different techniques; Caracterizacion dosimetrica de los aplicadores Valencia mediante diferentes tecnicas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrer Garcia, C.; Huertas, C.; Huerga Cabrerizo, C.; Corredoira Silva, E.; Serrada Hierro, A.

    2013-07-01

    Valencia applicators, connected to a charging system deferred micro Selectron-HDR (Elekta-Nucletron), are used for treating small skin lesions, being an alternative to treatments with electron beams or orthovoltage equipment of X ray. These applicators are a modification of Leipzig applicators, consisting of a flatter filter, which flattens the dose distribution in the area of treatment [1,2]. In the present study are considered applicators with diameters of 2 and 3 cm (VH2 and ht5), with the parallel to the treatment area source. Due to the electronic pollution on the walls of the applicator, treatments are performed with a plastic cap. In this study are commissions Valencia applicators, checking the various options proposed in the literature. (Author)

  14. El beneficio eclesiástico en la ciudad de Valencia (primera mitad del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carbonell Boria, Maria José

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes all the benefices in the city of Valencia, together with their dedication, founders and those who were engaged with them.[fr] Dans ce travail on analyse l'organization de cette institution avec l'indication de leur localisation dans la ville de Valencia, ses advocations, ses fondateurs et ceux qui l'ont joui.

  15. Nuevo híbrido del género Centaurea L. en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo MATEO SANZ; Crespo Villalba, Manuel Benito

    2007-01-01

    Se comunica el hallazgo del nuevo híbrido Centaurea × eclipsislunae Mateo & M.B. Crespo (C. aspera × C. saguntina), en la Sierra Calderona (Valencia). The new wild hybrid species Centaurea × eclipsislunae Mateo & M.B. Crespo (C. aspera × C. saguntina), from Sierra Calderona (Valencia, E Spain) is here described and commented.

  16. La más sentida elegía de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benigno Acosta Polo

    1961-07-01

    Full Text Available Entre las producciones de Guillermo Valencia, posteriores a "Ritos" sobresalen, por su acento petrarquesco, los dos sonetos dedicados a su finada esposa, doña Josefina Muñoz de Valencia, y que hizo grabar en la urna de mármol que guarda sus cenizas. Su devoción por ella fue siempre igual.

  17. Church and convent of San Lorenzo (Valencia, former site of the franciscan province of St. Joseph to Valencia, Aragón and Balearics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Ferrer Orts

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the ancient temple of San Lorenzo in the city of Valencia, its art-historical over eight centuries and also the convent annex vicissitudes in the last century welcomed the Franciscans and served as headquarters Valencia, Aragon and the Balearic Islands. As recently it has been closed and it is expected to return to practice church as a parish.

  18. Proyecto de actividad para un local de restauracion en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    BORDES ORERO, LUIS

    2012-01-01

    El presente estudio tiene como finalidad el análisis de un local comercial destinado a establecimiento de hostelería, a fin de adaptarlo a las normas y uso previsto, y poder solicitar la correspondiente Licencia de Apertura de Actividad Calificada al Ayuntamiento de Valencia. El Café-Restaurante objeto del proyecto no tendrá ambientación musical, por tanto, la actividad consistirá en la preparación de alimentos y bebidas para consumo en el local. Esta actividad está clasificada como ...

  19. Fiesta y urbanismo. Valencia en los siglos XVI y XVII

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Colomer, Desirée

    2017-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la presente tesis doctoral se centra en el análisis de la influencia que ejerció la fiesta como elemento transformador de la ciudad de Valencia durante los siglos XVI y XVII. Nuestra investigación se configuró a través de un estudio bicéfalo en el que por un lado tratamos de profundizar en el urbanismo valenciano y por otro, en el mundo festivo. Basándonos en algunas investigaciones que abarcaban el periodo medieval valenciano, como las regestas de María Milagros Cárc...

  20. Commercially suitable pectin methylesterase from Valencia orange peels

    OpenAIRE

    ŞİMŞEK, Şebnem; YEMENİCİOĞLU, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    A simple and effective procedure was developed to extract pectin methylesterase (PME) from Valencia orange peels. Orange peels contain 25-34 mmol of COOH min-1 g-1 of peel PME activity. The enzyme was ionically bound to cell walls and could not be extracted with water. This enables removal of water soluble pectic substances and oils from peels via homogenization and washing with water before enzyme extraction. Enzyme extraction can be conducted simply by addition of suitable amounts of NaCl (...

  1. Análisis de la mortalidad en ciudades: resultados en Valencia y Alicante Mortality surveillance in cities: results in Valencia and Alicante [Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreu Nolasco

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir los patrones de mortalidad, general y por causas específicas seleccionadas, en Valencia y Alicante; establecer las diferencias internas por distritos, y evaluar los cambios en la magnitud de estas desigualdades en el tiempo. Métodos: Las defunciones ocurridas en residentes en las ciudades de Valencia y Alicante durante los períodos 1990-1992 y 1996-1998 se asignaron a los distritos municipales de residencia. La comparación entre los períodos de estudio o entre ciudades se ha realizado a través del riesgo relativo estimado mediante regresión de Poisson. Se calculó la razón comparativa de mortalidad (RCM según los 17 grandes grupos de la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades (9.ª revisión. Por distritos se han calculado en cada período de estudio las tasas ajustadas por el método directo, la razón de mortalidad estandarizada (RME, la razón de años potenciales de vida perdida (RAPVP y la esperanza de vida al nacimiento. Resultados: Los riesgos de muerte por todas las causas disminuyen del primer al segundo período tanto en varones, como en mujeres en ambas ciudades. La esperanza de vida aumenta significativamente en ambas ciudades en los varones, y en Valencia en las mujeres. La ciudad de Valencia presenta un mayor riesgo de muerte en ambos períodos. Algunos grupos de causas de muerte aumentan (grupos 5 y 6, que incluyen trastornos mentales y enfermedades del sistema nervioso y órganos de los sentidos. Por distritos, se observa una mayor variabilidad en Valencia --donde destacan los distritos 1 y 11 con un elevado riesgo de mortalidad-- que en Alicante. Conclusiones: El proceso de vigilancia de la mortalidad interna, por distritos, es reproducible. En la ciudad de Valencia existen diferencias en la mortalidad que se mantienen en el tiempo. La ciudad de Alicante presenta una menor variabilidad interna en sus indicadores de mortalidad.Objectives: To describe mortality patterns, in general and by

  2. Educational Hospital Units of Valencia community: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina PORTOLÉS SOLER

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The functioning and organization of an educational hospital unit of Valencia is described, through observation, field diary and documental analysis (during February to May 2016. Also, it is designed and implemented an educational project through the story The zebra Camila for students of early childhood education hospitalized in the Pediatric Oncology Service. In the project LOMCE objectives are followed, in addition to the Hospital Pedagogy objectives themselves; 12 educational units are proposed, covering all curricular areas of early childhood education, with a variety of activities and resources that can be adapted to the different educational needs of students who are included. Teachers, the kind of students, the areas of activity, methodology and teaching resources are very diverse and are based on health services.

  3. Smos Land Product Validation Activities at the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    ABSTRACT Soil moisture is a key parameter controlling the exchanges between the land surface and the atmosphere. In spite of being important for weather and climate modeling, this parameter is not well observed at a global scale. The SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Mission was designed by the European Space Agency (ESA) to measure soil moisture over continental surfaces as well as surface salinity over the oceans. Since 2001, the Valencia Anchor Station is currently being prepared for the validation of SMOS land products, namely soil moisture content and vegetation water content. The site has recently been selected by the Mission as a core validation site, mainly due to the reasonable homogeneous characteristics of the area which make it appropriate to undertake the validation of SMOS Level 2 land products during the Mission Commissioning Phase, before attempting more complex areas. Close to SMOS launch, ESA has defined and designed a SMOS V alidation Rehearsal C ampaign P lan which purpose is to repeat the Commissioning Phase execution with all centers, all tools, all participants, all structures, all data available, assuming all tools and structures are ready and trying to produce as close as possible the post-launch conditions. The aim is to test the readiness, the ensemble coordination and the speed of operations, and to avoid as far as possible any unexpected deficiencies of the plan and procedure during the real C ommissioning P hase campaigns. For the rehearsal activity, a control area of 10 x 10 km2 has been chosen at the Valencia Anchor Station study area where a network of ground soil moisture measuring stations is being set up based on the definition of homogeneous physio-hydrological units, attending to climatic, soil type, lithology, geology, elevation, slope and vegetation cover conditions. These stations are linked via a wireless communication system to a master post accessible via internet. The ground soil moisture stations will also be used

  4. Prevalencia de prácticas indirectas de compartir material para inyectarse drogas en Galicia, Madrid, Sevilla y Valencia Prevalence of indirect sharing of drug-injecting paraphernalia in Galicia, Madrid, Seville and Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María J. Bravo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Estudiar las prácticas de riesgo de inyección de drogas, en especial compartir indirectamente material de inyección (CIMI, y de las conductas sexuales de riesgo. Métodos: Estudio transversal. Entrevista cara a cara de 1.638 usuarios de programas de intercambio de jeringas (PIJ. Se investigaron varias formas de CIMI (coger droga diluida en una jeringa usada ajena, meter la aguja en el recipiente donde se introdujeron otras usadas y reutilizar el líquido de limpieza de otros. Resultados: El 16% en Galicia, el 4,7% en Madrid, el 17,6% en Sevilla y el 13,2% en Valencia se inyectó con jeringas usadas ajenas (p Objectives: To study drug-injecting practices, particularly indirect sharing of injecting paraphernalia (ISIP, and sexual risk behavior. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of 1638 users of needle exchange programs (NEPs. Different types of ISIP were studied: taking diluted drugs in a syringe used by others, placing the needle in a recipient with other used needles, and reusing cleaning liquid previously used by others. Results: The prevalence of injecting with syringes already used by others was 16% in Galicia, 4.7% in Madrid, 17.6% in Seville and 13.2% in Valencia (p < 0.001. With geographical variations, other types of ISIP (Galicia: 32.4%; Madrid: 28.5%; Seville: 42.6%; Valencia: 27.4% -p < 0.001- were more frequent than injecting with syringes already used by others (Galicia: 32.4%; Madrid: 28.5%; Seville: 42.6%; Valencia: 27.4% -p < 0.001-. The percentage not injecting with syringes used by others but performing ISIP was 21.7%, 25.3%, 28.2% and 18.1% (p < 0.01 respectively. In all geographical areas, sexual risk practices were more prevalent with steady sex partners (68.6%, 72.0%, 77.8%, 72.8% [NS] than with casual partners (36.6%, 40.9%, 37.9%, 23.9% [NS]. Among injectors with a stable partner, 81.3% in Galicia, 75.9% in Madrid, 86.1% in Seville and 79.7% in Valencia reported that his/her serological status was

  5. Model Uncertainties for Valencia RPA Effect for MINERvA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gran, Richard [Univ. of Minnesota, Duluth, MN (United States)

    2017-05-08

    This technical note describes the application of the Valencia RPA multi-nucleon effect and its uncertainty to QE reactions from the GENIE neutrino event generator. The analysis of MINERvA neutrino data in Rodrigues et al. PRL 116 071802 (2016) paper makes clear the need for an RPA suppression, especially at very low momentum and energy transfer. That published analysis does not constrain the magnitude of the effect; it only tests models with and without the effect against the data. Other MINERvA analyses need an expression of the model uncertainty in the RPA effect. A well-described uncertainty can be used for systematics for unfolding, for model errors in the analysis of non-QE samples, and as input for fitting exercises for model testing or constraining backgrounds. This prescription takes uncertainties on the parameters in the Valencia RPA model and adds a (not-as-tight) constraint from muon capture data. For MINERvA we apply it as a 2D ($q_0$,$q_3$) weight to GENIE events, in lieu of generating a full beyond-Fermi-gas quasielastic events. Because it is a weight, it can be applied to the generated and fully Geant4 simulated events used in analysis without a special GENIE sample. For some limited uses, it could be cast as a 1D $Q^2$ weight without much trouble. This procedure is a suitable starting point for NOvA and DUNE where the energy dependence is modest, but probably not adequate for T2K or MicroBooNE.

  6. The effects of citrus rootstocks on Valencia Late and Rhode Red ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-12-17

    . Rhode Red Valencia oranges for some plant nutrient elements. Celil Toplu*, Mustafa Kaplankıran, T. Hakan Demirkeser and Ercan Yıldız. Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Antakya, ...

  7. Domestic medical care practised by women in low-medieval Valencia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ferragud Domingo, Carmel

    2007-01-01

    Based on different documented cases from the second half of the 14th century, this article describes how women in the city of Valencia frequently participated in the medical care of the people around...

  8. Plan director red de abastecimiento de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    HERRERA AGUILAR, MANUEL JOSÉ

    2011-01-01

    El objeto de este proyecto es definir las características técnicas necesarias para aumentar la eficiencia de las redes de alta de suministro de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia) Herrera Aguilar, MJ. (2011). Plan director red de abastecimiento de agua potable en la localidad de Gestalgar (Valencia). http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12468. Archivo delegado

  9. Long-Term Feasibility of Sustainable Citrus-Farming Systems in the Region of Valencia, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Moll, Elena Maria Peris; Igual, Juan Francisco Julia

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the long-term feasibility of citrus crop, either grown organically or employing integrated production methods, in the Region of Valencia, Spain. The concept of sustainability in agriculture has become a subject of general interest, and obtaining high-quality and safe food standards is a priority of the European Union authorities, especially after the recent crises of the European agrifood system. Citrus production made of 43.3% of Valencia's agricultural production in 2000 ...

  10. Soil erosion after forest fires in the Valencia region

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Pelayo, Óscar; Keizer, Jan Jacob; Cerdà, Artemi

    2014-05-01

    Soil erosion after forest fire is triggered by the lack of vegetation cover and the degradation of the physical, biological and chemical properties (Martí et al., 2012; Fernández et al., 2012; Guénon, 2013). Valencia region belongs to the west Mediterranean basin ("Csa", Köppen climate classification), with drought summer periods that enhance forest fire risk. The characteristics of the climate, lithology and land use history makes this region more vulnerable to soil erosion. In this area, fire recurrence is being increased since late 50s (Pausas, 2004) and post-fire erosion studies became more popular from 80's until nowadays (Cerdá and Mataix-Solera, 2009). Research in Valencia region has contributed significantly to a better understanding of the effect of spatial and temporal scale on runoff and sediment yield measurements. The main achievements concerns: a) direct measurement of erosion rates under a wide range of methodologies (natural vs simulated rainfall, open vs closed plots); from micro- to meso-plot and catchment scale in single (Rubio et al., 1994; Cerdà et al., 1995; Cerdà 1998a; 1998b; Llovet et al., 1998; Cerdà, 2001; Calvo-Cases et al., 2003; Andreu et al., 2001; Mayor et al., 2007; Cerdà and Doerr, 2008) and multiples fires (Campo et al., 2006; González-Pelayo et al., 2010a). Changes in soil properties (Sanroque et al., 1985; Rubio et al., 1997; Boix-Fayós, 1997; Gimeno-Garcia et al., 2000; Guerrero et al., 2001; Mataix-Solera et al., 2004; González-Pelayo et al., 2006; Arcenegui et al., 2008; Campo et al., 2008; Bodí et al., 2012), in post-fire vegetation patterns (Gimeno-García et al., 2007) and, studies on mitigation strategies (Bautista et al., 1996; Abad et al., 2000). b) Progress to understanding post-fire erosion mechanism and sediment movement (Boix-Fayós et al., 2005) by definition of thresholds for sediment losses; fire severity, slope angle, bedrock, rain characteristics, vegetation pattern and ecosystem resilience (Mayor

  11. In situ spectral aerosol absorption properties obtained in Valencia (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segura, Sara; Estellés, Víctor; Esteve, Anna R.; Utrillas, María Pilar; Martínez-Lozano, José Antonio

    2014-05-01

    Aerosols play an important role in the radiative forcing in the Earth's atmosphere by scattering and absorbing solar radiation. Reducing uncertainties in the determination of aerosol light absorption is important in order to obtain better results for climate models. To do this, different methods and instruments are used to measure the absorption aerosol properties. The most common method for in-situ measurements is the filter-based technique, which determines the light absorption by measuring changes in the attenuation due by aerosols collected on a filter matrix. One of the instruments currently used for determining the absorption coefficient based on this technique is the Aethalometer (Magee Sci.). In this study, measurements have been obtained with a 7-wavelength Aethalometer AE-31 (Hansen et al., 1984). This instrument covers from the UV (370 nm) to the IR (950 nm) bands. As other filter-based instruments, the Aethalometer measurements also suffer artifacts which need to be compensated in order to determine the absorption coefficient (Weingartner et al., 2003). Specific site calibrated correction factors have been obtained for this site and applied to the data. Therefore, in - situ aerosol absorption properties at 7 different wavelengths have been obtained in Burjassot, Valencia, since 2011 in this study. Valencia is a medium size city in Spain (~1,800,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area) located in the Western coast of the Mediterranean Sea. In total, a 3-year study of the absorption coefficient is presented attending to annual, seasonal and monthly variations. Spectral dependence of the aerosol absorption properties has been also analyzed using absorption coefficients obtained from the 7 Aethalometer channels. Determining the spectral dependence of aerosol absorption coefficient is important to distinguish different absorbing components. The major light-absorbing compounds among aerosols are carbonaceous substances and mineral dust. As the measurement

  12. Chitosan reduces infection by Guignardia citricarpa in postharvest 'Valencia' oranges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Canale Rappussi

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Citrus fruits are affected by the black spot disease caused by Guignardia citricarpa. Resistance induction is an alternative control measure and chitosan exhibits potential as resistance inducer. The effect of chitosan on G. citricarpa was evaluated in vitro and in 'Valencia' oranges. Citrus fruit were immersed into different chitosan concentrations. Chitosan (2%, combined with or without thiabendazole and the citric acid was also investigated. All the chitosan concentrations inhibited G. citricarpa mycelial growth and affected morphologically the conidial germination and appressorium formation. Chitosan inhibited the development of new lesions in oranges at room condition or under refrigeration. Thiabendazole and citric acid did not reduce the formation of lesions. Biochemical analysis revealed that chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, peroxidase and polyphenoloxidase activities were increased in chitosan-treated fruits. Thus, the effect of chitosan on the reduction of black spots in 'Valencia' oranges could be due to the germicidal effect on the pathogen and/or resistance induction in the fruit.Frutos cítricos são afetados pela mancha preta dos citros, causada por Guignardia citricarpa.A indução de resistência é uma alternativa de controle e a quitosana exibe potencial como indutor de resistência. O efeito da quitosana sobre G. citricarpa foi avaliado in vitro e em laranjas 'Valência'. Frutos cítricos foram imersos em diferentes concentrações de quitosana. Quitosana (2%, associada ou não com tiabendazol e ácido cítrico, foi também avaliada. Todas as concentrações de quitosana inibiram o crescimento micelial de G. citricarpa e afetaram morfologicamente a germinação dos conídios e a formação de apressórios. Quitosana inibiu o desenvolvimento de novas lesões em laranjas em condições ambiente e sob refrigeração. Tiabendazol e ácido cítrico não reduziram o aparecimento de novas lesões. Análises bioquímicas revelaram que

  13. Ultraviolet exposure for different outdoor sports in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano, María-Antonia; Cañada, Javier; Moreno, Juan Carlos

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to quantify ultraviolet (UV) exposure of several groups of amateur athletes in their training or recreational schedules. The athletes were monitored using dosimeters (VioSpor).The study took place in Valencia, Spain, from May to July 2010, and involved a group of 10 mountaineers, four tennis players and five runners. The mean daily personal UV exposure for mountaineers was 9.48 ± 3.23 standard erythema dose (SED). The tennis players received a mean of 10.65 ± 1.57 SED for every 2 days of training, and the runners received a mean of 7.62 ± 4.28 SED for every 5 days of training. Mountaineers received a higher dose of UV exposure and have a higher exposure ratio than the tennis players, probably because they spent more time outdoors. However, the runners received a low dose of UV exposure, perhaps because their training takes place in the evening. Mean daily UV exposure of the mountaineers and tennis players exceeded 5 SED, which means that, in the case of non-sun-adapted skin type III and the non-use of sun protection, erythema may be induced in these subjects. Accordingly, it is necessary to encourage the use of high protection sunscreens and protective clothing, and to avoid UV exposure in the hottest part of the day. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  14. Effect of air-borne fluorides on Valencia orange yields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leonard, C.D.; Graves, H.B. Jr.

    1966-01-01

    A field experiment with bearing Valencia orange trees on rough lemon rootstock was carried out to study the effects of different levels of air-borne fluorides on yield, fruit quality, and leaf growth. The experimental trees were in a grove exposed to relatively high levels of airborne fluorides. Six trees were enclosed in individual plastic greenhouses. Fluorides were removed from the air entering 3 greenhouses by dry calcium carbonate filters, while unfiltered ambient air was moved through the other 3 greenhouses. Three additional trees were not enclosed and were used as outdoor checks. The leaves of trees in the unfiltered greenhouses absorbed much less fluorine than those of the outdoor checks, even though there was little difference in the fluorine content of the air. This appears to be due to the fact that the leaves were kept dry inside the greenhouses. Greenhouse trees receiving unfiltered air produced significantly less fruit in 1965-66 than those receiving filtered air, and the outdoor check trees yielded significantly less fruit than the unfiltered greenhouse trees. Leaf size decreased as leaf fluorine increased. There was a trend toward higher acid and lower Brix/acid ratio of the juice with increasing fluorine in the leaves, but these differences were not significant. 8 references, 6 tables.

  15. Natural Occurrence of Aldol Condensation Products in Valencia Orange Oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, Ingo; Da Costa, Neil C; van Es, Alfred; Kim, Jung-A; Parasar, Uma; Poulsen, Mauricio L

    2017-12-01

    Cold pressed orange oils contain predominantly d-limonene (approximately 95%) and various other lower concentration monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, sinensals plus 3 key aliphatic aldehydes: hexanal, octanal. and decanal. The aldol self-condensation products or "dimers" for each aldehyde have been postulated as being present at low concentrations in the oil. However, to date only the hexanal dimer has been previously reported. In this paper, cold pressed Valencia orange oil was fractionally distilled/folded and analyzed by GC and high resolution GC-MS to detect these compounds on 2 different capillary column phases. Subsequently the hexanal, octanal, and decanal self-aldol condensation products, 2-butyl-2-octenal, 2-hexyl-2-decenal, and 2-octyl-2-dodecenal, respectively, were detected in the folded oil. These predominantly trans configuration isomeric compounds were synthesized, to confirm them as being present in nature and evaluated organoleptically by a panel of evaluators. To further confirm the mechanism of their formation, the enriched oil was made into a simple beverage to show the effect on the formation of these aldol compounds under acidic conditions. Finally aliphatic aldehydes from hexanal to undecanal were reacted together in various combinatorial pairs to give an additional 33 self and mixed aldol condensation products, some of which were also detected in the folded oil. This paper discloses the structural elucidation and synthesis of 8 novel aldol condensation products found at trace concentrations in citrus and leading to a further 31 mass spectrally determined aldol products. Sensory evaluations and application of some of these components were demonstrated in a model citrus beverage. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  16. [Acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccine in mothers from Valencia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Illana, P; Caballero, P; Tuells, J; Puig-Barberá, J; Diez-Domingo, J

    2015-11-01

    In October 2008, Valencian Community started its human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination schedules for 14 year-old girls. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge about HPV infection and its vaccine among the mothers of these girls, and to identify factors associated with the willingness to vaccinate their daughters. Cross-sectional study by means of a questionnaire to mothers of girls born in 1995, and attending secondary schools in the province of Valencia during 2010-2011. Cluster stratified random sample (n=1279). percentages, confidence intervals, OR, Chi-squared and multivariate logistic regression contrasts. A total of 833 (65.1%) questionnaires were completed. The results obtained showed that, 76.6% of mothers had vaccinated their daughters against HPV; 93.8% knew about the vaccine, particularly through television (71.5%); and 78.5% received positive advice from a health professional which increased the vaccination of their daughters (OR: 2.4). There was low overall knowledge about HPV infection and vaccination. Confidence of the mothers in vaccines as a preventative method increases the HPV vaccination (OR: 3.8). The first reason for refusal was the fear of adverse events (45.6%). Apparently, the media does not influence the willingness to vaccinate. It would be desirable to minimize the perception of risk of the vaccine. Positive health advice from a health professional can have a positive effect on vaccination. There is a gap between the level of knowledge and decision-making to vaccinate. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. [Child labor and health in a public market, Valencia, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas, Maritza; Vegas, Zulay; Briceño, Leonardo; Rodríguez, Lourdes

    2010-02-01

    This study was aimed at determining the living conditions, work practices, health effects and associated occupational risk factors in children working in a public market in Valencia, Venezuela. A questionnaire was administered which included demographic and exposure variables; a descriptive analysis was then made of the data. Forty-four children were selected. The average workday lasted 9.2 + or - 3.2 hours/day. Children were most frequently employed in selling provisions and fruit (43.2 %); 22.7 % of them were evidently backward at school. The symptoms most reported were headache (84%), stress (59.1 %) and fatigue (58.2 %). Occupational accidents were reported by 11.4 % of the children and 2.3 % had suffered an occupational disease related to their present activity. The most frequently occurring occupational risks were discomfort caused by heat (93.2 %), noise (88.6 %) and repetitive work (84.1 %). A significant, indirect correlation was found between age and stress (p=0.04), as in publications showing that the negative impact of stress is more severe in children aged less than 10. It was determined that being a minor had greater significant association with the occupational risk of having greater exposure to organic toxic waste (p=0.017) and working under pressure (p=0.04). There is no systematic data collection programme for assessing child labour in Venezuela even though a variety of risk factors have been identified and perceived for children. More sensitive indicators are required for the early identification of effects and how to control exposure to the risks mentioned above so that the problem can be studied in greater depth.

  18. Neogene structural development in the Valencia trough margins from palaeomagnetic data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parés, J. M.; Freeman, R.; Roca, E.

    1992-03-01

    Reliable palaeomagnetic data from the emerged margins of the Valencia trough include results from Triassic, Jurassic, Paleogene and Miocene rocks. From these data, a clockwise rotation of the Catalan Coastal ranges relative to the western part of Iberia is apparent. In addition, a clockwise rotation is indicated by the magnetic directions from the Balearics with respect to those of the Catalan margin. Major Neogene structures in the evolution of the Valencia trough and thin-skinned tectonics rather than crustal-scale block motions play a large role throughout the Balearic Islands.

  19. Virtual Visit to the ATLAS Control Room by University of Valencia

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Open Days at Park Scientific of the University of Valencia hosts Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (IFIC). The annual open house day and the ScienceExpo (Expociencia) have a large turnout and create a playful environment where thousands of citizens can explore the Park`s facilities, both academic and business. Each year, more than 3.000 people came to learn about science and have fun also, gathering scientists and public together. IFIC is the only research institute on Particle Physics placed at Park Scientific of the University of Valencia, so virtual visit to ATLAS is a great oportunity to reach general public.

  20. Ciudades y calidad de vida en el Área Metropolitana de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Reig Martínez, Ernest

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo construye un Índice Compuesto de Calidad de Vida para comparar la calidad de vida urbana en los 43 municipios del Área Metropolitana de Valencia. Se agregan siete facetas relevantes de la calidad de vida en un solo indicador, empleando la metodología del Análisis Envolvente de Datos combinada con un enfoque de programación multicriterio. Los resultados muestran una clasificación jerárquica completa de los municipios del Área. Con excepción de la ciudad de Valencia, los mun...

  1. [Epidemiological and virological studies into the poliomyelitis in Valencia (1959-1969)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Báguena Cervellera, María José

    2009-01-01

    Studies into the polio virus began in Valencia in 1959 with the work undertaken by the microbiologist Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. After his education at the Rochester University and at the Pasteur Institute, Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant established a laboratory of cell cultures at the Faculty of Medicine in Valencia, where he developed a new diagnostic technique for the poliomyelitis virus. In addition, epidemiological studies were carried out both prior to and post the 1963 vaccination campaign, which proved that Sabin's oral vaccine was both effective and safe for use.

  2. Regeneración del frente litoral del Marenyet. Término municipal Cullera (Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    ALBIÑANA BARRA, MIGUEL

    2016-01-01

    [EN] Regeneration of the coast front of Marenyet in the municipality of Cullera (Valencia). Consists of three submerged breakwaters and artificial feeding. [CAT] Regeneració del front litoral del Marenyet al terme municipal de Cullera (València). Constituït per tres dics exempts submergit i una alimentació artificial. [ES] Regeneración del frente litoral del Marenyet en el término municipal de Cullera (Valencia). Constituido por tres diques exentos sumergido y una alimentación artificia...

  3. ANÁLISIS DEL SECTOR HOTELERO DE LUJO. EL CASO DEL HOTEL THE WESTIN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ SEBASTIÁN, PEDRO

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo fin de carrera se basa en el estudio y análisis del Hotel The Westin Valencia. Para ello nos hemos basado, por una parte, en el estudio del hotel localizado en Valencia, desde distintos puntos de vista y, por otra parte, en el impacto y el posicionamiento de la marca y del grupo hotelero al que pertenece, en el sector hotelero de lujo. En primer lugar, realizaremos una breve introducción en la que trataremos el impacto y posicionamiento del grupo hotelero objeto de estu...

  4. La Corporación Administrativa Gran Valencia (1947-1986)

    OpenAIRE

    Selva-Royo, J.R. (Juan Ramón)

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación analiza el desarrollo metropolitano de la ciudad de Valencia (España) llevado a cabo por la Corporación Administrativa Gran Valencia, una singular entidad nacida tras la aprobación del primer plan de ordenación comarcal (1946) y de la que apenas se han realizado estudios monográficos. Desde su creación hasta nuestros días, y a través de diferentes figuras administrativas, no se ha abandonado —con mayor o menor éxito— el enfoque supramunicipal del urbanismo ...

  5. Energy saving plan: use of solar energy in the university of Valencia (Spain); Uso de la energia solar en la universidad de Valencia (Espana) para ahorrar energia electrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez Gomez Amo, J.L.; Tena, F.; Martinez Lozano, J.A.; Utrillas, M.P. [Grupo de Radiacion Solar, Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    2005-07-15

    The University of Valencia financed a pilot project that would study the installation's feasibility of a generating station with photovoltaic energy, solar type, in order to replace or complement conventional sources of energy. This paper presents some of the preliminary results of the study's application in an University building, along with the analysis of the initial situation and the proposals for the handling of reactive energy and the outer and inner lighting as solutions for energy saving. This experimental project entitled Study of the Energy Saving Strategies and the Viability of Installing Solar Energy equipment in the Buildings of the University of Valencia throws preliminary data specifying the amount of investment necessary to obtain real annual benefits, as well as the recovery time of the investment and the beneficial ecological impact in quantitative terms of a measurable CO{sub 2} reduction. [Spanish] La Universidad de Valencia financio un proyecto piloto que estudiaria la factibilidad de instalacion de una estacion generadora de energia fotovoltaica de tipo solar para sustituir o complementar fuentes convencionales de energia. Este trabajo presenta algunos de los resultados preliminares de la aplicacion del estudio en un edificio de la Universidad junto con el analisis de la situacion inicial y las propuestas del manejo de energia reactiva, de iluminacion exterior e interior como soluciones para el ahorro de energia. Este proyecto experimental titulado Estudio de las estrategias del ahorro de la energia y de la viabilidad de instalar energia solar en los edificios de la Universidad de Valencia arroja datos preliminares que especifican el monto de la inversion necesaria para obtener beneficios anuales reales, asi como el tiempo de recuperacion de la inversion y el impacto ecologico benefico en terminos cuantitativos de una reduccion cuantificable de CO{sub 2}.

  6. Improving irrigation management in L'Horta Nord (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Seva, Nuria; San Bautista, Alberto; López-Galarza, Salvador; Maroto, Jose Vicente; Pascual, Bernardo

    2014-05-01

    L'Horta Nord is an important irrigation district in Valencia (Spain), especially for vegetable crops. The traditional cropping pattern in the region consists of a rotation of chufa with crops such as potato, onion, lettuce, escarole and red cabbage, being all these crops furrow irrigated. Currently, the quality of the water used is acceptable, water is not expensive and there are no limitations on supply. Consequently, growers are not aware of the volumes of water used, application efficiencies, nor water productivity for any of the crops cited. The European Framework Directive 2000/60, based on the precautionary principle, considers preventive action for measures to be taken; moreover, drought periods are becoming more frequent and extended, and water is being diverted to other uses. Thus, water use is an issue to improve. In this sense, the current situation of the irrigation in the area is analysed using chufa (Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativus Boeck.) as representative of the crops, since most of the crops in the area have shallow root systems, as chufa, which are irrigated in similar patterns. In order to analyse the irrigation performance of the traditional chufa crop as well as to achieve more sustainable results, different studies have been carried out, during the last decade. Efforts have been directed to increase water productivity, increasing yield and minimising the volumes of water applied. Different planting configurations and different irrigation thresholds, not only in furrow irrigation but also in drip irrigation, are examples of how the irrigation performance could be improved. Herein is presented a two-year study, comparing, in both furrow and drip irrigation, two irrigation schedules based on the volumetric soil water content, which was continuously monitored using capacitance sensors. Yield was significantly affected by the growing season, the irrigation system and by the irrigation schedule, and by the second order interactions of the

  7. Sangre: valencias culturales e identidades juveniles en el contexto colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Julio Restrepo

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se tematizan las valencias culturales de la sangre como una de las voces del cuerpo con las que se asigna socialmente identidad a los/las jóvenes en el contexto colombiano mediante procesos de eufemización y exaltación que conducen a comportamientos considerados como positivos o negativos por la comunidad en general. Se pretende mostrar cómo un hecho biológico se transforma simbólicamente en uno cultural a partir de los temores que provoca la irrupción de la naturaleza, la potencia de traer vida a la vida y la acción masificadora y alienante de los medios de comunicación. También se busca, a partir de la descripción de un ritual de iniciación indígena con el que se celebra la primera menstruación y con la descripción de algunos comportamientos e imágenes que confluyen en escenarios urbanos masivos, sensibilizar a los/las jóvenes sobre algunas propuestas culturales de lo femenino y de lo masculino que les ofrecen sus sociedades, con el fin de reflexionar críticamente en una eventual transformación.In the article, the authors present the cultural valences of blood as one of the voices of the body through which identity is socially assigned to the young people in theColombian context by means of processes of euphemism and exaltation that lead to behaviors that the general community considers good or bad. The purpose is to show how a biological fact is symbolically transformed into a cultural one through the fears that the irruption of nature, the power of bringing life to life, and the alienating and mass action of the media provoke. Also, with the description of an indigenous rite of initiation, in which the first menstruation is celebrated, and with the description of some behaviors and images that converge into massive urban scenarios, the authors want to sensitize young people about some cultural proposals of the feminine and the masculine that society is offering them, in order to critically reflect on an

  8. Wrong postural hygiene and ergonomics in dental students of the University of Valencia (Spain) (part I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervera-Espert, J; Pascual-Moscardó, A; Camps-Alemany, I

    2018-02-01

    Failure to adopt a correct working posture can lead to occupational diseases. Evaluate knowledge in relation to ergonomics about BHOP concept and its application to routine clinical practice amongst undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain). A study based on interviews of undergraduate and postgraduate dental students in the University of Valencia (Valencia, Spain) was carried out. The information from a total of 336 interviews was used for the statistical analysis, differentiating according to gender and academic year: knowledge of ergonomics, pain prevalence and antecedents, assessment of the possible necessity for improved training in ergonomics, and evaluation of postural hygiene. Only 28.6% of the students were found to sit correctly in the dentist chair. Furthermore, in the opinion of the students, very few subjects during the career afforded adequate teaching in relation to ergonomics and working posture. The analysis of postural hygiene showed great variability. There were no significant differences in posture between males and females, although some incorrect postures appeared to be associated with the academic year (P<.05). However, no significant improvements in postural hygiene were noted on progressing from one academic year to the next. The students in our study were not familiar with the principles of ergonomics and did not sit correctly in the dentist chair. Improved training in this field is required in dental school. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Epidemiological and virological studies into the poliomyelitis in Valencia (1959-1969

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Báguena Cervellera, María José

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Studies into the polio virus began in Valencia in 1959 with the work undertaken by the microbiologist Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. After his education at the Rochester University and at the Pasteur Institute, Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant established a laboratory of cell cultures at the Faculty of Medicine in Valencia, where he developed a new diagnostic technique for the poliomyelitis virus. In addition, epidemiological studies were carried out both prior to and post the 1963 vaccination campaign, which proved that Sabin’s oral vaccine was both effective and safe for use.

    Los estudios sobre el virus de la polio comenzaron en Valencia en 1959 de la mano del microbiólogo Vicente Sanchis-Bayarri Vaillant. Tras su formación en virología en la Universidad de Rochester y en el Instituto Pasteur, puso en marcha un laboratorio de cultivos celulares en la Facultad de Medicina de Valencia, en donde desarrolló una técnica diagnóstica nueva para el virus de la polio. Por otra parte, se llevaron a cabo estudios epidemiológicos antes y después de la campaña de vacunación de 1963, que demostraron la eficacia de la vacuna oral de Sabin y su inocuidad.

  10. El claustro del Colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia. Análisis formal y compositivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llopis Verdú, Jorge

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The College of Corpus Christi, constructed at the end of the 16th century, is the personal project of the Patriarch San Juan de Ribera, and its cloister is the most significant Renaissance structure in the city of Valencia. A group of columns acquired in Italy by the Duke of Pastrana played a fundamental role in the conception of this architectural structure. The unknown architect based his project on them as well as on the formal and dimensional concepts of Serlio and Vignola. The result is proof of the level of assimilation of the principles of Renaissance architecture in 16th-century Valencia.

    El Colegio del Corpus Christi, construido a finales del siglo XVI es la obra personal del Patriarca San Juan de Ribera y su claustro la más significativa obra renacentista de la ciudad de Valencia. En su concepción arquitectónica juega un papel fundamental un lote de columnas adquiridas en Italia por el Duque de Pastrana, a partir de las cuales y de las propuestas formales y dimensionales de Serlio y Vignola, se desarrolló un proyecto de autor desconocido que evidencia el nivel de asimilación de los principios de la arquitectura renacentista en la Valencia del siglo XVI.

  11. Análisis arquitectónico y constructivo de la techumbre en madera policromada de la iglesia de San Antonio Abad de Valencia como pervivencia de la arquitectura tardogótica mediterránea en la Valencia del siglo XV.

    OpenAIRE

    BLANCO GÓMEZ, PEDRO RAFAEL

    2016-01-01

    [EN] ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION OF ROOFING POLYCHROME WOODEN ANALYSIS OF THE CHURCH OF SAN ANTONIO ABAD DE VALENCIA, SURVIVAL OF ARCHITECTURE AS TARDOGÓTICA VALENCIA MEDITERRANEAN FIFTEENTH CENTURY Author of the thesis: Pedro Rafael Blanco Gómez DIRECTOR OF THE THESIS: Dr. D Javier Benlloch Marco ABSTRACT The object of this thesis is the study of Gothic Mudejar roof of the church of San Antonio Abad in Valencia, located on the street 188 Sagunto Valencia. The deepening of t...

  12. ACCOUNTING MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE PORT AUTHORITY OF VALENCIA/TECNOLOGÍAS DE INFORMACIÓN Y CONTABILIDAD DE GESTIÓN: EVIDENCIA EMPÍRICA DE LA AUTORIDAD PORTUARIA DE VALENCIA

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Arturo Giner Fillol; Norma Pontet Ubal; Vicente Ripoll Feli

    2008-01-01

      Ports that have good geographical location, efficient management and value-added services have potential for international leadership, as is the case with the Valencia Port Authority, which figures...

  13. Accounting management and technology information: empirical evidence from the Port Authority of Valencia/Tecnologias de informacion y contabilidad de gestion: evidencia empirica de la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Giner Fillol, Arturo; Pontet Ubal, Norma; Ripoll Feli, Vicente

    2008-01-01

    Ports that have good geographical location, efficient management and value-added services have potential for international leadership, as is the case with the Valencia Port Authority, which figures...

  14. La querella por una alfombra, o la cuestion del buen orden de la republica. Valencia, Venezuela, finales del siglo XVIII

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leal Curiel, Carole

    2014-01-01

    .... Referia la disputa a la mujer de un tal don Juan de Ochoa, quien para entonces profesaba como notario publico en la ciudad de Valencia y a quien la Real Audiencia, que diez anos habia sido erigida...

  15. Efecto de los impactos antropicos del Lago de Valencia sobre la ultraestructura muscular esqueletica de la Tilapia (Oreochromis mossanbicus)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barrero, Marinela; Finol, Hector Jose; Duplat, Alfredo

    2014-01-01

    El Lago de Valencia es un cuerpo de agua expuesto a un fuerte proceso de contaminacion como consecuencia de las actividades humanas e industrial es desarrolladas en sus margenes y del debil recambio de agua...

  16. Refugios antiaéreos de la ciudad de Valencia: estudio, propuesta y desarrollo como paisajes culturales urbanos = Air-Raid Shelters of Valencia City: Study, Proposal and Development as Urban Cultural Landscapes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Collado Lozano

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Elpresente trabajo pretende mostrar como paisajes culturales urbanos los refugios antiaéreos de la ciudad de Valencia. El desarrollo y finalidad del estudio proyecta demostrar el vacío existente en cuanto a la puesta en valor del patrimonio de la Guerra Civil en Valencia, enfatizando las actuaciones sobre las construcciones defensivas de ámbito civil. Este escrito plantea un recorrido por el panorama actual de los paisajes culturales urbanos. Para ello, se expone la legislación vigente que atañe a esta situación, así como una propuesta de desarrollo patrimonial de los refugios urbanos de Valencia mediante la exhibición de otros refugios que sí han recibido tratamiento como museos y centros de difusión didáctica y cultural. This paper aims to show how urban cultural landscapes air-raid shelters in the city of Valencia. The development and purpose of the study projects demonstrate the gap in terms of enhancement of the heritage of the Civil War in Valencia, emphasizing defensive actions on civil construction area. This paper presents a tour of the current landscape of urban cultural landscapes. To do so, the legislation regards this situation as well as a proposal for development of urban heritage shelters Valencia by showing other shelters who have received treatment as museums and educational and cultural diffusion is exposed.

  17. Burden of disease assessment with summary measures of population health for the Region of Valencia, Spain: a population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalá-López, Ferrán; Gènova-Maleras, Ricard; Ridao, Manuel; Álvarez, Elena; Sanfélix-Gimeno, Gabriel; Morant, Consuelo; Peiró, Salvador

    2013-04-20

    An important input to decision-making and health planning is a consistent and comparative description of the population health status. The purpose of this study was to describe the burden of disease in the Region of Valencia (Spain). Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) were calculated and divided into years of life lost (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs). Using death registry data and Valencian population estimates in 2008, we calculated the number of deaths and YLLs. YLDs were based on age- and sex-specific data for countries of the EURO-A subregional level (which includes the Region of Valencia) from the Global Burden of Disease study. The results were stratified by age group, sex and underlying cause of death. The DALY values were used to rank the leading conditions of disease burden. In 2008, the total number of DALYs lost was about 551 thousands (53% in men). The main categories of DALYs lost were neuropsychiatric conditions (30%; 167 thousands), malignant tumors (15%; 85 thousands), cardiovascular diseases (13%; 72 thousands) and sense organ diseases (8%; 46 thousands). Depression (8% of DALYs; 47 thousands), dementias (8%; 42 thousands), ischaemic heart disease (5%; 27 thousands), hearing loss (4%; 22 thousands), stroke (4%; 20 thousands) and lung cancer (3%; 19 thousands) were the leading specific causes of disease burden. We provide for the first time ever information on the burden of disease in the Valencian population. At this local level, the use of DALYs can help to monitor the population health status and guide the debates on rational priority-setting. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  18. Pediatric dental care in a tertiary public hospital. Four years of experience in the Service of Stomatology of Valencia University General Hospital (Valencia, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poveda, Rafael; Jiménez, Yolanda; Gavaldá, Carmen; Sanchís, José María; Carbonell, Enrique; Margaix, María; Sarrión, Gracia

    2008-05-01

    A study is made of the experience gained with the Child Oral Care Program (Plan de Atención Dental Infantil, PADI) in the Service of Stomatology of Valencia University General Hospital (Valencia, Spain) after four years in operation (July 2003 - July 2007). The sample comprised 2626 children between 5-14 years of age, pertaining to department 9 of the Valencian public health system. A clinical history was compiled in each case, a radiological study was made, and a treatment plan was elaborated including fillings, extractions, and control visits. Of the 2626 designated children, 2369 visited our Service - mostly referred from the Preventive Dental Care Units. A total of 5784 fillings were carried out (93.3% with silver amalgam, 5.6% with composites and the rest as provisional fillings). The permanent first molars were the teeth with the largest number of fillings (70.2% of the total). These were followed in order of frequency by the second molars (19.1%). As regards composite resin fillings, most involved the upper central incisors, followed by the upper lateral incisors. A total of 644 extractions were performed, corresponding to 110 permanent teeth and 534 temporary teeth. In the case of the permanent dentition, the first molars were the most commonly removed teeth. In the temporary dentition, the most frequently removed teeth were the second molars. The response of the population to this program has been very good, and reinforces the preventive measures already in place, with the provision of restorative treatments to improve the oral and dental health of the pediatric population, and yielding good results in terms of the program quality indicators. The Service of Stomatology (Valencia University General Hospital) is able to address the demand and offers the public health network integrated and continuous patient care.

  19. 40 Annual Meeting of Spanish Nuclear Society, Oct 1-3, 2014, Valencia, Spain; 40 Reunion Anual Sociedad Nuclear Espanola, 1-3 Octubre 2014, Valencia, Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-07-01

    The Spanish Nuclear Society (SNE) is a non-profit association, made up of professionals and institutions in order to promote awareness and dissemination of science and nuclear technology. The 40th meeting of the SNE held in Valencia, analyzes the current situation of nuclear energy and its future challenges, covering different topics from engineering to R and D, nuclear safety, also the impact on health and the environment in the vicinity of a nuclear facility, the experience of Spanish companies in the construction of power and knowledge management in the nuclear sector.

  20. Aproximación al sistema impositivo de la ciudad de Valencia (Siglos XVI al XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan BRINES BLASCO

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Las limitaciones de todo trabajo que intente abrir nuevos caminos en el conocimiento de la realidad histórica, se ven en este caso agrandadas por la inexistencia de bibliografía sobre el tema y por la diversidad cronológica y documental de las fuentes utilizadas. Tan sólo la obra de Francisco García de Cáceres, Impuestos de la Ciudad de Valencia durante la época foral (Valencia, 1909, incide sobre el tema que nos ocupa, si bien parte de una confusión generalizada de lo que era la fiscalidad municipal, real y de la Generalitat, hasta el punto de englobar todos los impuestos de tan diferente origen y destino bajo el enunciado anterior.

  1. Ceres Scales Ground Validation Campaigns for Gerb. Assessment of the Valencia Anchor Station Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.; Velázquez Blázquez, A.; Alonso, S.; Dewitte, S.; Diaz-Pabon, C.; Domenech Garcia, C.; Harries, J.E.; Jorge, J.; Labajo, A.; Pineda, N.; Pino, D.; Rius, A.; Russell, J.E.; Smith, G.L.; Szewczyk, Z.P.; Tarruella, R.; Torrobella, J.

    2006-08-01

    The Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) was set up by the University of Valencia at the natural region of Utiel- Requena Plateau in 2001. The plateau is a large and reasonably homogeneous area suitable for validation of low spatial resolution satellite data and products such as GERB's. In the framework of the EUMETSAT/ESA MSG-RAO Project no. 138 GIST Proposal for Calibration/Validation of SEVIRI and GERB, and of the Spanish Research Programme on Space Project SCALES (SEVIRI & GERB Cal/Val Area for Large- scale Field ExperimentS), three GERB ground validation campaigns have so far been carried out at the VAS under different land surface conditions. CERES instruments onboard NASA EOS Aqua and Terra satellites, operating in PAPS (Programmable Azimuth Plane Scanning) mode, have generously provided additional SW and LW radiance measurements to support validation efforts. These have shown to be most valuable as intermediate validation step between ground measurements and the large GERB pixel size.

  2. Calibration and Validation of SMOS Data at the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwank, Mike

    2010-05-01

    L-band (1 - 2 GHz) microwave radiometry is a remote sensing technique to monitor soil moisture, which is being deployed in the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) Mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). Performing ground-based radiometer campaigns before launch, during the commissioning phase and during the operative SMOS mission was and is important for the validation of the satellite data and for the further improvement of the radiative transfer models used in the soil-moisture retrieval algorithms. One of the selected validation sites is the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) which is located about 80 km west of the city of Valencia on the Utiel-Requena Plateau. This region is a reasonable homogeneous area of about 50 x 50 km2, mainly featuring vineyards (75%) and other Mediterranean ecosystem species (shrubs, olive and almond trees and pine forests). The topography is generally plain (slope angle

  3. El Almudín de Valencia: una restauración oportuna para la ciudad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Sánchez, R.

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The Almudín of the City of Valencia is a building mainly built within the Gothic, and completed along a historical stretch of time that lasts until the threshold of our century. Used as grain distribution throughout the city until late nineteenth century, it was devoted from 1908 to 1989 to house the paleontologic collection bestowed upon the city by J. Rodrigo Botet.

    El Almudín de la ciudad de Valencia es un edificio construido, fundamentalmente, a base de firmas góticas y completado a lo largo de un tramo histórico que prácticamente dura hasta comienzos de nuestro siglo. Destinado a la distribución del grano en la ciudad hasta bien entrado el siglo pasado, sirvió, desde 1908 hasta 1989, para albergar la colección paleontológica donada por J. Rodrigo Botet a la ciudad.

  4. Operaciones de aumento de valencia sintáctica en español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo Esquivel Rodríguez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Desde el funcionalismo tipológico se describen aquellas operaciones que explican la incongruencia entre la valencia semántica y la sintáctica, cuando esa valencia presenta más argumentos que los predichos por el verbo. Se describen las cláusulas causativas y sus estrategias de construcción, así como la promoción de objeto directo, dativo de interés y cambio de dativo, también otras construcciones con verbos impersonales. A description is provided, from the perspective of typological functionalism, of the incongruence between semantic and syntactic valence, when there are more arguments than those predicted by the verb. Thus causative clauses are described along with the strategies used to construct applicatives as well as the dative of interest, dative shift and impersonal verb constructions.

  5. Women’s franquism prisons in Valencia: punishing, purifying, re-educating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana AGUADO

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is one of the first to raise the issue of Women in the Franco regime prisons, specifically in the region of Valencia. Historiography of the Franquoist repression, in particular in Valencia, has paid scarce attention to that topic. This study provides a research about the modus operandi of prisons and others buildings —such as the Santa Clara’s convent—, used in order to jail republican women. Some of them were sentenced to death, and their children taken away in a lot of cases. And all of them suffered subhuman living conditions. On the one hand, the text analyses the prison files as an example of the official repression discourse. On the other hand, it also deals with some of these women’s stories, testimonies and memories as an example of the anti-Franco resistance discourse.

  6. Necrópolis islámicas en la ciudad de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Pascual Pacheco, Josefa; Serrano Marcos, María Luisa

    1996-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se analizan los restos de 3 necrópolis islámicas documentadas arqueológicamente a partir de diferentes intervenciones llevadas a cabo por el SIAM en la ciudad de Valencia. Se trata del cementerio de Roteros, situado en el actual barrio del Carmen, el de la Xerea en el barrio del mismo nombre y el perteneciente a la rauda o panteón nobiliar localizado en la Plaza de la Almoina.

  7. La redacción y promulgación de la "Costum " de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    García Edo, Vicente

    1996-01-01

    For more than a century, many researchers in History of Law have studied the text of the "Costum" of Valencia, trying to discover who was its author, what were its documentary sources, how it was composed and organized, and when it was published. All these questions have brief but concise answers in this article, where they are analyzed, and attention is drawn to the importance of the "Corpus iuris civilis", the "Liber iudicum", the "Usatges" from Barcelona and the "Consuetudines ilerdense...

  8. Diseñan en Valencia un proyecto que descrifrará claves sobre el universo

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    This international encounter of work has been organized by the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC), mixed center of the CSIC and the Valencia University, involved in the project. The English name of "Super Flavour Factor"y sends to the resemblance of a factory in where particles in industrial amounts will take place, which will allow to study its properties with a precision and intensity without precedents, because the number of collisions between electrons will increase in one hundred and positrons.

  9. Risk assessment and monitoring programme of nitrates through vegetables in the Region of Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quijano, Leyre; Yusà, Vicent; Font, Guillermina; McAllister, Claudia; Torres, Concepción; Pardo, Olga

    2017-02-01

    This study was carried out to determine current levels of nitrate in vegetables marketed in the Region of Valencia (Spain) and to estimate the toxicological risk associated with their intake. A total of 533 samples of seven vegetable species were studied. Nitrate levels were derived from the Valencia Region monitoring programme carried out from 2009 to 2013 and food consumption levels were taken from the first Valencia Food Consumption Survey, conducted in 2010. The exposure was estimated using a probabilistic approach and two scenarios were assumed for left-censored data: the lower-bound scenario, in which unquantified results (below the limit of quantification) were set to zero and the upper-bound scenario, in which unquantified results were set to the limit of quantification value. The exposure of the Valencia consumers to nitrate through the consumption of vegetable products appears to be relatively low. In the adult population (16-95 years) the P99.9 was 3.13 mg kg-1 body weight day-1 and 3.15 mg kg-1 body weight day-1 in the lower bound and upper bound scenario, respectively. On the other hand, for young people (6-15 years) the P99.9 of the exposure was 4.20 mg kg-1 body weight day-1 and 4.40 mg kg-1 body weight day-1 in the lower bound and upper bound scenario, respectively. The risk characterisation indicates that, under the upper bound scenario, 0.79% of adults and 1.39% of young people can exceed the Acceptable Daily Intake of nitrate. This percentage could join the vegetable extreme consumers (such as vegetarians) of vegetables. Overall, the estimated exposures to nitrate from vegetables are unlikely to result in appreciable health risks. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Pedro de Valencia, Francisco de Gurmendi and the Plomos de Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnier, Grace

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The Inquisition in 1618 seized all the papers of Pedro de Valencia, renowned humanist, biblical scholar and chronicler of Philip III. The papers of other members of his circle were also confiscated. In this article I examine the two most important texts: Sobre el pergamino y láminas de Granada of Valencia and a Libelo Segundo of Francisco de Gurmendi, interpreter of Oriental languages for Philip III. The article is structured around Gurmendi's response to a memorial published in 1617 by Archbishop Pedro de Castro in defence of one of his translators. Gurmendi, working from his translation of the first two Lead Books, shows how these contain heretical ideas on the Trinity and how the memorialista has mistranslated many passages.

    En 1618 la Inquisición confiscó todos los papeles de Pedro de Valencia, humanista insigne, exegeta bíblico y cronista del reino y de las Indias de Felipe III. También confiscó los papeles de otros miembros de su círculo. En este artículo examino los dos textos más importantes: Sobre el pergamino y láminas de Granada de Valencia y un Libelo segundo de Francisco de Gurmendi, intérprete en lenguas orientales del rey. El artículo se centra en la respuesta de Gurmendi a un memorial del Arzobispo Pedro de Castro en el que se defiende a uno de sus traductores. Partiendo de su traducción de los dos primeros libros plúmbeos, Gurmendi muestra las herejías trinitarias que éstos contienen y cómo el memorialista ha traducido mal muchos pasajes.

  11. [Prevalence of exposure to occupational risks in pregnant Spanish workers (the INMA Project-Valencia)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Galarzo, M Carmen; García, Ana M; Estarlich, Marisa; García García, Francisco; Esplugues, Ana; Rodríguez, Paz; Rebagliato, Marisa; Ballester, Ferran

    2009-01-01

    To describe the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks among pregnant women and analyze its relationship with personal and occupational characteristics using information collected in the Childhood and Environment (Infancia y Medio Ambiente [INMA])-Valencia cohort study. The INMA-Valencia cohort study started in 2004 with 855 pregnant women living in Valencia, Spain. Data on sociodemographic variables (age, education and country of birth) and occupational conditions (activity, occupation, type of contract, working hours and self-reported occupational exposure to physical load and psychosocial, physical, chemical and biological risks) in women with paid employment during pregnancy (n=649) were collected through face-to-face interviews with a structured questionnaire in week 32 of pregnancy. The prevalences of reported exposure to physical and psychosocial load and to physical pollutants (including non-ionizing radiations) were 56%, 63% and 62%, respectively. The prevalence of reported exposure to chemicals (including cleaning products) and biological pollutants was 22% and 6%, respectively. In general, the characteristics most closely associated with exposure to occupational risks were younger age, non-Spanish nationality, lower education, having a temporary contract or being self-employed. This study is the first to quantify the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks during pregnancy in a Spanish population-based sample. According to the data observed, surveillance and control actions should be intensified in pregnant workers, as some of the observed occupational exposures have been consistently associated with detrimental reproductive and developmental effects.

  12. Technical Note: Dosimetry of Leipzig and Valencia applicators without the plastic cap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granero, D., E-mail: dgranero@eresa.com [Department of Radiation Physics, ERESA, Hospital General Universitario, Valencia 46014 (Spain); Candela-Juan, C. [National Dosimetry Centre (CND), Instituto Nacional de Gestión Sanitaria, Valencia 46009 (Spain); Vijande, J. [Department of Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, Burjassot 46100, Spain and Instituto de Física Corpuscular (UV-CSIC), Burjassot 46100 (Spain); Ballester, F. [Department of Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics, University of Valencia, Burjassot 46100, Spain and Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (UV-CSIC), Burjassot 46100 (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J. [Radiation Oncology Department, La Fe University and Polytechnic Hospital, Valencia 46026, Spain and Department of Radiotherapy, Clínica Benidorm, Benidorm 03501 (Spain); Jacob, D.; Mourtada, F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, Delaware 19713 (United States)

    2016-05-15

    Purpose: High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy for treatment of small skin lesions using the Leipzig and Valencia applicators is a widely used technique. These applicators are equipped with an attachable plastic cap to be placed during fraction delivery to ensure electronic equilibrium and to prevent secondary electrons from reaching the skin surface. The purpose of this study is to report on the dosimetric impact of the cap being absent during HDR fraction delivery, which has not been explored previously in the literature. Methods: GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulations (version 10.0) have been performed for the Leipzig and Valencia applicators with and without the plastic cap. In order to validate the Monte Carlo simulations, experimental measurements using radiochromic films have been done. Results: Dose absorbed within 1 mm of the skin surface increases by a factor of 1500% for the Leipzig applicators and of 180% for the Valencia applicators. Deeper than 1 mm, the overdosage flattens up to a 10% increase. Conclusions: Differences of treating with or without the plastic cap are significant. Users must check always that the plastic cap is in place before any treatment in order to avoid overdosage of the skin. Prior to skin HDR fraction delivery, the timeout checklist should include verification of the cap placement.

  13. Mega Events and Urban Conflicts in Valencia, Spain: Contesting the New Urban Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis del Romero Renau

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The local and regional administrations of Valencia, Spain, have been working to position the city, which is the country's third largest in terms of population, as an international destination for luxury tourism through sports mega-events. Valencia's new image as a “mega-events city” has been criticized by citizens and urban-based movements on social and environmental grounds, resulting in various urban conflicts. The aim of this paper is to examine the causes and dynamics of these conflicts in order to understand the discourse and rationales behind the criticism. This will also include an examination of the ways in which these conflicts were managed by the local administration, especially in the months leading up to and during the events, when the city was receiving worldwide media coverage. Researching local print media, we focused on urban conflicts that took place in Valencia between 1995 and 2010. We also looked at the performance of urban-based movements and the administration as conflicting actors. One of the main findings was the strong consensual authoritarianism manifested by the administration and mega-event organizers when making decisions and managing urban conflicts related to mega-events.

  14. Social perception of environment and waste management in Pucol (Valencia-Spain); Percepcion social sobre la gestion de residuos urbanos: el caso del municipio de Pucol (Valencia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agullo Calatayud, V.

    2011-07-01

    The present study analyzes the situation of waste management and environmental problems in the municipality of Pucol (Valencia-Spain) from multi variant statistical analysis data from a sociological survey. It can be highlighted the following aspects: to) The citizen percentage that recycles correctly all type of waste residues is of 8.93% and the percentage of recycles of any kind of residue is of 60.97%; b) to have a high educational level and the fact of having close containers entails, in a significant way, to recycled more; c) the container of plastics, bricks and cans is not used appropriately given that more than 70% of the sample uses the organic garbage container for this purpose; and d) the town of Pucol perceives the lack of environmental awareness as the environmental main problem of the municipality with a percentage of 36.3%.. (Author)

  15. SU-F-T-63: Dosimetric Relevance of the Valencia and Leipzig HDR Applicators Plastic Cap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granero, D [ERESA-Hospital General Universitario, Valencia (Spain); Candela-Juan, C [National Dosimetry Centre (CND), Valencia (Spain); Vijande, J; Ballester, F [University of Valencia, Burjassot (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Jacob, D; Mourtada, F [Helen F. Graham Cancer Center, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE (United States)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: Utilization of HDR brachytherapy treatment of skin lesions using collimated applicators, such as the Valencia or Leipzig is increasing. These applicators are made of cup-shaped tungsten material in order to focalize the radiation into the lesion and to protect nearby tissues. These applicators have an attachable plastic cap that removes secondary electrons generated in the applicator and flattens the treatment surface. The purpose of this study is to examine the dosimetric impact of this cap, and the effect if the cap is not placed during the HDR fraction delivery. Methods: Monte Carlo simulations have been done using the code Geant4 for the Valencia and Leipzig applicators. Dose rate distributions have been obtained for the applicators with and without the plastic cap. An experimental study using EBT3 radiochromic film has been realized in order to verify the Monte Carlo results. Results: The Monte Carlo simulations show that absorbed dose in the first millimeter of skin can increase up to 180% for the Valencia applicator if the plastic cap is absent and up to 1500% for the Leipzig applicators. At deeper distances the increase of dose is smaller being about 10–15%. Conclusion: Important differences have been found if the plastic cap of the applicators is absent in the treatment producing an overdosage in the skin. The user should have a checklist to remind him check always before HDR fraction delivery to insure the plastic cap is placed on the applicator. This work was supported in part by Generalitat Valenciana under Project PROMETEOII/2013/010, by the Spanish Government under Project No. FIS2013-42156, and by a research agreement with Elekta Brachytherapy, Veenendaal, The Netherlands.

  16. [Drugs use in pregnancy in the Valencia Region and the risk of congenital anomalies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavero-Carbonell, Clara; Gimeno-Martos, Silvia; Páramo-Rodríguez, Lucía; Rabanaque-Hernández, María José; Martos-Jiménez, Carmen; Zurriaga, Óscar

    2017-09-01

    Despite the potential risks of drug use during pregnancy, consumption has increased in recent decades. To identify the risk of congenital anomalies (CA) associated with the use of drugs in primary care in pregnant women residents in the Valencia Region. A case-control study, considering a case as a less than one year old live birth in 2009-2010, diagnosed with a CA and resident in the Valencia Region, obtained from the CA population-based registry. Controls were selected from the Metabolic Disease Registry, and the drugs prescribed and dispensed from the Integral Management of Pharmaceutical Services. Crude odds ratio (OR) was calculated with its 95% confidence intervals and adjusted OR was calculated using logistic regression. A total of 1,913 cases and 3,826 controls were identified. The most frequently used drug groups were those acting on the musculoskeletal, nervous and respiratory systems, on the blood and blood forming organs, and anti-infection drugs. The most common drugs used were ibuprofen, dexketoprofen, paracetamol, amoxicillin, ferrous sulphate, and a combination of folic acid. A significantly increased risk of CA was identified for drugs acting on the musculoskeletal system (adjusted OR 1.14 [95% confidence interval 1.02-1.28]). A significantly decreased risk was observed for drugs acting on the blood and blood forming organs (adjusted OR 0.87 [95% confidence interval 0.78-0.98]). Associations between drugs and CA in pregnant women resident in the Valencia Region have been identified for drugs that act as risk factors of CA, and for drugs that act as protective factors of CA. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. ESTUDIO MORFOESTRUCTURAL DE UNA POBLACIÓN DE CERDOS NATURALIZADOS EN LOS CANTONES VALENCIA Y LA MANÁ, ECUADOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kléber Estupiñán Véliz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio se realizó en una muestra de 149 cerdos naturalizados de 12 a 36 meses de edad, de los cuales 61 pertenecían a Valencia y 88 a La Maná. Se efectuó la caracterización morfológica de 16 variables zoométricas, ocho fanerópticas y se calcularon nueve índices zoométricos. Las principales variables fueron: alzada a la cruz (ALC, diámetro longitudinal (DL, perímetro torácico (PTO, longitud de grupa (LGR, ancho de grupa (AGR, obteniéndose los siguientes promedios: ALC 60.99 y 61.74 cm; DL 80.12 y 79.12 cm; PTO 93.68 y 92.50 cm; LGR 30.08 y 28.32 cm y, AGR 23.08 y 22.26 cm; para Valencia y La Maná, respectivamente. El índice cefálico fue de 45.89% en Valencia y 51.15% en La Maná. En los cerdos naturalizados se pudo observar que en mayor porcentaje presentaron el perfil frontonasal recto; el color de capa que se registró con mayor frecuencia fue colorada en Valencia y manchada en La Maná; en el color de la mucosa sobresale la oscura en Valencia y clara en La Maná; el pelaje va de abundante a escaso; se evidenciaron en mayor cantidad cerdos con orejas tipo tejas en ambas localidades; se encontró poca población con mamellas y prevaleció el cerdo doble propósito en Valencia y magro en La Maná.

  18. Enlace con glorietas tipo "Pesas" en T.M. de Chiva (Valencia).

    OpenAIRE

    MIRALLES LISARDE, DAVID MIGUEL

    2015-01-01

    [ES] El objetivo del proyecto es plasmar los conocimientos adquiridos durante toda la carrera, enfocado en el diseño geométrico del trazado de obras sobre un enlace con glorietas tipo “pesas” en el término municipal de Chiva (Valencia), para una mejor comunicación vial del polígono “La Pailla” con la autovía A3, aplicando toda la normativa existente a nivel nacional sobre este tipo de enlaces con glorietas y sus parámetros generales. Para el diseño de dicho enlace se va utiliza...

  19. La sostenibilidad curricular en los estudios de empresa: la experiencia de la Universidad Europea en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Martí Parreño, José; Garzón Benítez, María Dolores; Almenar Llongo, Vicent

    2013-01-01

    La presente comunicación tiene como objetivo reflejar la experiencia piloto sobre sostenibilidad curricular que se ha desarrollado durante el primer trimestre del curso académico 2012/2013 en la Universidad Europea en su sede de Valencia. En esta experiencia se pueden diferenciar dos fases: en la primera se procedió a identificar los principales factores relacionados a la hora de implantar la sostenibilidad curricular en los estudios de empresa. Con este objetivo se analizaron 137 artícul...

  20. La esclavitud en Valencia durante la Baja Edad Media (1375-1425)

    OpenAIRE

    Marzal Palacios, Francisco Javier

    2006-01-01

    RESUMEN Esta Tesis Doctoral aborda el estudio de la esclavitud en la ciudad de Valencia de finales del siglo XIV y principios del XV, y en concreto de sus aspectos económicos y sociales. Para ello se emplea una gran cantidad de documentación (toda ella procedente de archivos valencianos), que podemos dividir en cuatro grandes bloques: la procedente de la Bailía General del Reino, la notarial, la de justicia y la municipal. Del mismo modo, también se recurre a la bibliografía, bien sobre la...

  1. Una presencia constante: los esclavos sarracenos en Valencia (siglos XIII-XVI)

    OpenAIRE

    Marzal Palacios, Francisco Javier

    2003-01-01

    El presente artículo estudia la esclavitud musulmana en la baja Edad Media desde una triple perspectiva. En primer lugar se repasa la presencia, más o menos numerosa, de estos esclavos en las principales ciudades del Mediterráneo occidental cristiano. En segundo lugar, centrándonos ya en Valencia, señalamos la importancia de este colectivo en la esclavitud valenciana de los siglos XIII al XVI. En tercer y último lugar pretendemos mostrar las principales características de la esclavitud musulm...

  2. Judíos extranjeros en el reino de Valencia durante la Baja Edad Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinojosa Montalvo, José

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available During the Late Middle Ages, Valencia became an important business centre, where foreign Jews arrived to the city to trade. It was a commerce that, apart from the land route, preferably used the seaway, even though of the risks of piracy. They and their goods came protected by a safe-conduct from the general Baile of the kingdom. The role of the conversos was very important in their commercial contacts. Apart from the Portuguese Jews, which I took care of in another study, they were predominantly North Africans, others adding up from the Granadan Sultanate, the Mediterranean islands (Sardinia, Sicily and Malta, Provence and Germany. A list of these Jews documented in Valencian sources, as well as an unpublished document that illustrates the activity of a Portuguese Jew in Valencia is attached as an appendix.

    Durante la Baja Edad Media la ciudad de Valencia se convirtió en un importante emporio mercantil, lo que propició que a ella acudieran a negociar judíos extranjeros. Era un comercio que, además de la vía terrestre, utilizaba la vía marítima, a pesar de los riesgos de la piratería. Ellos y sus mercancías venían protegidos por un salvoconducto del baile general del reino. En sus contactos comerciales fue importante el papel de los conversos valencianos. Además de los judíos portugueses, de los que me ocupé en otro estudio, predominaban los norteafricanos, a los que se añadían los del sultanato de Granada, islas del Mediterráneo (Cerdeña, Sicilia y Malta, Provenza y Alemania. Se incluye una lista de estos judíos mencionados en fuentes valencianas, y un documento inédito que ilustra la actividad de un judío portugués en Valencia.

  3. Grafiti y postgrafiti en la ciudad de Valencia: una perspectiva crítica

    OpenAIRE

    García Pardo, Belén

    2015-01-01

    En Valencia el grafiti y el arte callejero poseen una presencia importante en las calles. Los festivales y exhibiciones toman relevancia en los distintos distritos que configuran el tejido urbano. La sociedad mira sorprendida, lo rechaza y lo admira. Son múltiples las intervenciones de arte urbano y grafiti por parte de los artistas callejeros y los escritores de grafiti. Las paredes contemplan cómo las plantillas, los encolados y los iconos dirigen la mirada de los transeúntes interpretando ...

  4. Sull'origine del Tribunal de las Aguas de Vega de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Valiño Arcos, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo se ocupa del origen del Tribunal de las Aguas de la Vega de Valencia, uno de los aspectos más controvertidos relativos a esta institución, conocida en todo el mundo. El autor analiza las pocas fuentes que existen sobre él, especialmente las que se refieren al posible origen romano y musulmán así como las diferentes teorías planteadas. El autor apuesta por un origen tardo-romano en el contexto de decadencia en la vida institucional de las ciudades y la introducción de concepcione...

  5. The Effect of Some Growth Regulator Treatments on the Storage of Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    TATLI, Hatice; ÖZGÜVEN, Ahsen Işık

    2014-01-01

    This study, was carried out to determine effects of some growth regulators applications on storage period on Valencia orange. In the first year of experiments fruits were treated with 0 ppm 2,4-D and 200 ppm 2,4-D. In the second year, 0, 100, 200, 400 ppm 2,4-D, 200 ppm 2,4-D + 100 ppm GA3 and 400 ppm 2,4-D +100 ppm GA3 combinations were applied after harvest. The fruits were wrapped with hutbak paper and were put in cardboard boxes and then were placed in a cold store set at +4°C temperature...

  6. PLAN DE EMPRESA. APERTURA DE UNA FRANQUICIA LLAO LLAO EN VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    PUCHADES PUCHADES, VANESSA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] En el presente plan de empresa se expone la estrategia que se va a desarrollar para la apertura de una franquicia llaollao en la ciudad de Valencia. Esta franquicia se dedica a la elaboración y venta de yogurt helado, producto que está lleno de propiedades beneficiosas para la salud por estar elaborado artesanalmente y contener muy poco azúcar, materia grasa y calorías. Para analizar la viabilidad del proyecto, se han ido desarrollando una serie de apartados que se especifican en el ...

  7. Toothpicking and periodontal disease in a Neanderthal specimen from Cova Foradà site (Valencia, Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Lozano

    Full Text Available We present a Neanderthal maxilla (CF-1 from Cova Foradà site (Oliva, Valencia, Spain with periodontal disease and evidence of attempts to alleviate pain with the use of a toothpick. Two interproximal grooves have been found on the distal surfaces of the upper left Pm(3 and M(1 of CF-1 maxilla. The location, morphology and size of the grooves coincide with other interproximal grooves found on the teeth of other fossil specimens. Heavy dental wear and periodontal disease would have caused the Cova Foradà Neanderthal specimen pain and discomfort, which the individual attempted to mitigate using some kind of dental probe.

  8. Toothpicking and periodontal disease in a Neanderthal specimen from Cova Foradà site (Valencia, Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozano, Marina; Subirà, Maria Eulàlia; Aparicio, José; Lorenzo, Carlos; Gómez-Merino, Gala

    2013-01-01

    We present a Neanderthal maxilla (CF-1) from Cova Foradà site (Oliva, Valencia, Spain) with periodontal disease and evidence of attempts to alleviate pain with the use of a toothpick. Two interproximal grooves have been found on the distal surfaces of the upper left Pm(3) and M(1) of CF-1 maxilla. The location, morphology and size of the grooves coincide with other interproximal grooves found on the teeth of other fossil specimens. Heavy dental wear and periodontal disease would have caused the Cova Foradà Neanderthal specimen pain and discomfort, which the individual attempted to mitigate using some kind of dental probe.

  9. La restauración de la puerta del Miguelete de la Catedral de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Casar Pinazo

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explains in detail the history of the conception of the Baroque portal of Valencia Cathedral and narrates the vicissitudes of its existence up to the time of the emergency works carried out by Fernando Chueca in 1982. This information was the basis for the recent restoration works performed by the authors, who needed to engage in profound reflection about the intervention criteria applicable in this case and came up against all sorts of problems in the execution of their work.

  10. La estancia de Isaac Albéniz en Valencia en 1882

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alemany Ferrer, Victoria

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on documenting the public performances that a young Issac Albéniz presented in Valencia during the summer of 1882 at barely twenty years of age. These concerts, wihch formed part of a tour that he then performed as a solo pianist in the Levante area (as well as in Alicante, Cartagena and Alcoy, can be taken as a reference of performance activity that Albéniz was able develop in the Spanish provincial capitals (out of Madrid and Barcelona. Likewise, it collects information about the social repercussion that such performances had in the city, the way in which its citizens welcomed the artist is described (staying in Valencia for at least twenty one days, and the relationships that he established with certain Valencian artists of that era, as well as equally young musicians, painters and sculptors, is analysed, who themselves went to enjoy a certain level of celebrity, nationally and even internationally.

    Este trabajo se centra en documentar las actuaciones públicas que ofreció un joven Isaac Albéniz con apenas veintidós años en Valencia durante el verano de 1882. Dichos conciertos, que formaban parte de una gira que entonces realizó como pianista solista por el levante español (también estuvo en Alicante, Cartagena y Alcoy, pueden tomarse como referencia de la actividad interpretativa que pudo desarrollar Albéniz en capitales de provincias españolas (fuera de grandes ciudades como Madrid y Barcelona hacia finales del siglo XIX. Asimismo, se recoge información sobre la repercusión social que tuvieron dichas actuaciones en la ciudad, se describe la forma en que sus ciudadanos acogieron al artista (que permaneció en Valencia durante, al menos, veintiún días y se analizan las relaciones que estableció con algunos artistas valencianos de la época, músicos, pintores y escultores jóvenes como él, que después lograron alcanzar cierta celebridad en ámbito nacional e incluso internacional.

  11. La escalera claustral del real colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    López González, María Concepción; ROMANÍ LÓPEZ, RAFAEL

    2015-01-01

    Objeto: En la ciudad de Valencia existen pocos ejemplos de arquitectura renacentista debido a la gran inercia que alcanzó el estilo gótico. Sin embargo entre los edificios más representativos del estilo italianizante se encuentra el Real Colegio de Corpus Christi (el Patriarca) que alberga una escalera claustral construida en piedra cuya tipología se enmarca en las denominadas por Alonso de Vandelvira escaleras adulcidas en cercha y supone un alarde en el dominio de la estereotomía por parte ...

  12. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA CREACION DE UNA ASESORIA INTEGRAL EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    GUILLÉN IBÁÑEZ, SANDRA

    2017-01-01

    [ES] El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo elaborar un plan de empresa para la posible creación de una asesoría integral en la ciudad de Valencia. Para la elaboración de dicho plan de empresa se definirán y estudiarán las características de la empresa, del mercado, de los recursos disponibles y se elaborará un plan de viabilidad del proyecto. Tras analizar el sector de la empresa, se concluye que aunque es un sector con mucha competencia y con un elevado crecimiento de est...

  13. Análisis y propuesta de mejora en un despacho de abogados de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    MELO ALOS, MARIA

    2014-01-01

    El presente Trabajo Final de Carrera consiste en Analizar un despacho de abogados en Valencia, concretamente, Sánchez Abogados, con la finalidad de detectar las debilidades o aspectos que puedan corregirse para un mejor funcionamiento del mismo, teniendo en cuenta las amenazas del entorno, con el fin de diseñar unas propuestas de mejora; aprovechando las fortalezas y oportunidades del despacho. En primer lugar, se realiza un análisis del sector de la Abogacía, en d...

  14. La lucha por el mantenimiento de un huerto de simples en la universidad de Valencia durante el siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipo, Amparo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deepens on the efforts made during the 17th century by Medicine professors and students, Pharmacist Associations as well as surgeons and magistrates from Valencia directed toward the creation and mantenaince of a garden destinated to the growing of medicinal plants from worldwide.

    Este artículo profundiza en los esfuerzos realizados durante el siglo XVII por catedráticos y estudiantes de Medicina, colegios de boticarios y cirujanos y magistrados municipales de Valencia orientados a la creación y mantenimiento de un huerto destinado al cultivo de plantas medicinales procedentes de diferentes partes del mundo.

  15. 25 años de graffiti en Valencia: aspectos sociológicos y estéticos

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Muñoz, Jaume

    2015-01-01

    La Tesis Doctoral "25 Años de Graffiti en Valencia: Aspectos Sociológicos y Estéticos" es un estudio que pone en valor todo el espectro de las escenas de graffiti y creatividad pública independiente -Street Art- de la ciudad de Valencia. El marco teórico del estudio son los Estudios Culturales, Subculturales y Postsubculturales. La metodología específica de su abordaje es la Observación Participante. El estudio se inicia con el análisis de los precedentes visuales, actitudinales y est...

  16. Plan de empresa de asesoría para autónomos y pymes en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    LLORENS GARRIDO, JUAN FRANCISCO

    2017-01-01

    [ES] El proyecto que se presenta en este trabajo corresponde a un plan de empresa para la creación de una asesoría fiscal para autónomos y pymes con sede en Valencia capital. La idea de negocio consiste en captar autónomos y sociedades de pequeña dimensión en Valencia, para gestionarles la contabilidad y fiscalidad. De modo presencial, en las oficinas y domicilios de los clientes, y a través de un sitio web, se propone intercambiar y recoger facturas emitidas y recibidas ...

  17. Oral health and quality of life in the municipal senior citizen´s social clubs for people over 65 of Valencia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haya-Fernández, María-Celia; Sanz-García, María-Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Background The world population is aging considerably. The state of elderly´s dentition is poor. Many authors agree that the oral health status influence the elderly´s quality of life.The objective of our study was to analyze the relation between the oral health status and the general health status through the quality of life of elderly people aged 65 years or more in Valencia, Spain. Material and Methods A cross-sectional oral health survey and an oral examination have been designed to study an elderly population. Subjects: 202 adults (103 men and 99 women). Age: 65 years of age and over. Setting: Randomly selected senior citizen´s social clubs. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) has been used to obtain the oral health survey. Moreover, the EuroQol-5d and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) have been the tools to obtain the general health status. Finally, sociodemographic and oral health questions have been needed. Results Descriptive and inferential results have been done and the main results are the following, the mean additive score of the OHIP-14 was 8.88, the mean value of the EuroQol-5d was 0.58 and of the VAS, 72.90. The OHIP-14 was consistently and significantly correlated with the index EuroQol-5d and with variables such as number of teeth, missing teeth, DMFT, dental status (being or not edentulous) and occupation. The EuroQol-5d was related to dental habits, sex, income, systemic pathologies and filled teeth. Conclusions The oral health has a high impact on quality of life. The oral health and the general health are closely related. The oral hygiene and getting toothless influence negatively on the quality of life of elderly people. Key words:Elderly, geriatric dentistry, oral health, oral hygiene, quality of life. PMID:27694787

  18. Characterization of wildland-urban interfaces for fire prevention in the province of Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Madrigal Olmo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim of study. The present study is the first attempt to characterize and map wildland-urban interfaces (WUIs in eastern Spain (province of Valencia and its relationship with wildfire occurrence. Area of study. The study area is located in eastern Spain in the province of Valencia. The area covers 246,426 ha and includes four administrative departments comprising 86 municipalities.Material and methods. The methodology integrates housing density and vegetation aggregation for large-scale fire prevention using the WUImap ® ARC GIS tool. A PLS model was developed to relate wildfire occurrence and WUI typologies.Main results. The results show that 21% of housing can be considered as WUIs, highlighting the high degree of fire hazard in the study area. The PLS model shows that the 4 typologies outside of WUI present lower significance than most of WUI typologies. The types of WUI most related to fire occurrence (Number of Fires and Area Burned are Insolated and Scattered housing with Low or High vegetation aggregation. The type Insolated housing with low aggregation presents the highest significance to explain wildfire occurrence.Research highlights: A significant relationship between wildfire occurrence the study area and WUI has been demonstrated. The obtained results verify the ability of WUImap tool in classifying large-scale administrative departments and its suitability for application to prioritize preventive actions in the Mediterranean areasKey words: Housing density; PLS (Partial Least Squares model; vegetation aggregation; WUImap.

  19. [Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and respiratory health at 2 years in the INMA-Valencia cohort].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez Oyarce, Alejandra; Ferrero, Amparo; Estarlich, Marisa; Esplugues, Ana; Iñiguez, Carmen; Ballester, Ferran

    2017-07-25

    To analyze the association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during pregnancy and the postnatal period up to the age of 2 years old and the incidence of respiratory problems in children from the INMA-Valencia cohort. The study population included 624 children from the INMA-Valencia cohort. Individual exposure to NO2 was estimated in different environments outside the home during pregnancy and up to the age of 2 using empirical measurement and data from geo-statistical methods. Respiratory symptoms were obtained from a questionnaire applied at the age of two. The association between NO2 exposure and respiratory symptoms was performed using multivariate logistic regression. The cumulative incidence was 16.3% for persistent cough, 34.9% for wheezing and 27.6% for lower respiratory tract infections. No association was found between respiratory symptoms and exposure to NO2 in any of the children. However an association between NO2 exposure and persistent cough was found at two years of life in the children with a parental history of allergy. NO2 exposure would lead to persistent cough in children with a parental history of allergies. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Pasarela metálica sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Borlado Olavarrieta, Ramiro

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available The footbridge over the C. N. Ill , Madrid-Valencia road, near Madrid, enables pedestrians to cross the motor road where the latter runs between Moratalaz and Vallecas, without impeding the road traffic. The adoption of an elevated pass is convenient, since at this section the road runs along a deep trench. The structure of the footpath is a continuous metallic box girder, resting on five rectangular metal supports, and two end concrete abutments. The total length of the bridge is 100 m, and the width of the platform is 2.40 m. The project took one month to complete.La pasarela sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia, en la autopista de acceso a Madrid, permite el paso de peatones entre los barrios de Moratalaz y Vallecas sin interferir el tráfico rodado. La solución de paso superior resulta conveniente, ya que la autopista discurre en trinchera en el lugar de ubicación de esta obra. La estructura está formada por una viga metálica continua de sección en cajón, apoyada sobre cinco soportes rectangulares metálicos y dos estribos de hormigón armado. La obra tiene una longitud total de aproximadamente 100 m y el ancho de la plataforma es de 2,40 metros. El plazo de realización de la obra ha sido de un mes aproximadamente.

  1. Commissioning and quality assurance procedures for the HDR Valencia skin applicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo Granero

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The Valencia applicators (Nucletron, an Elekta company, Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden are cup-shaped tungsten applicators with a flattening filter used to collimate the radiation produced by a high-dose-rate (HDR 192 Ir source, and provide a homogeneous absorbed dose at a given depth. This beam quality provides a good option for the treatment of skin lesions at shallow depth (3-4 mm. The user must perform commissioning and periodic testing of these applicators to guarantee the proper and safe delivery of the intended absorbed dose, as recommended in the standards in radiation oncology. In this study, based on AAPM and GEC-ESTRO guidelines for brachytherapy units and our experience, a set of tests for the commissioning and periodic testing of the Valencia applicators is proposed. These include general considerations, verification of the manufacturer documentation and physical integrity, evaluation of the source-to-indexer distance and reproducibility, setting the library plan in the treatment planning system, evaluation of flatness and symmetry, absolute output and percentage depth dose verification, independent calculation of the treatment time, and visual inspection of the applicator before each treatment. For each test, the proposed methodology, equipment, frequency, expected results, and tolerance levels (when applicable are provided.

  2. IV Joint Congress Spanish Societies of Medical Physics and Radiation Protection, 23-26 Jun 2015, Valencia (Spain); IV Congreso Conjunto Sociedad Espanola Fisica Medica y Proteccion Radiologica, 23-26 Junio 2015, Valencia (Espana)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-07-01

    The Congress theme is Physical Activity and Health: Challenges of medical physics and radiation protection. Held in Valencia Spain, from 23 to 26 June 2015. This Congress gathers the papers presented by the group of technicians working in fields related to medical physics and radiation protection in hospitals, UTPRs, universities or other institutions. (Author)

  3. Factors associated with edentulousness in an elderly population in Valencia (Spain Factores asociados con el edentulismo en población anciana de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Vicenta Eustaquio-Raga

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the prevalence of edentulism and its association with various socioeconomic factors and oral health habits in the population aged 65-74 years old in the region of Valencia. Methods: A cross sectional study was designed. Thirty-four primary health centers and five nursing homes were chosen at random in the region of Valencia (10-15 voluntary participants per sampling point. Clinical examinations were carried out by three calibrated dentists (kappa>0.85 in the same centers. The total sample consisted of 531 individuals (235 men and 296 women. Results: The percentage of toothlessness was 20.7% and the mean number of natural teeth present was 14.92. The prevalence of edentulism was significantly higher (p Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia del edentulismo y su asociación con diferentes factores socioeconómicos y de hábitos de salud oral en la población valenciana de 65 a 74 años de edad. Métodos: Se diseñó un estudio transversal. Se seleccionaron aleatoriamente 34 centros de salud de atención primaria y cinco residencias geriátricas de la Comunidad Valenciana (10 a 15 individuos voluntarios por punto de muestreo. Las exploraciones clínicas las realizaron tres odontólogos previamente calibrados (kappa>0.85 en los mismos centros. La muestra total fue de 531 personas, 235 hombres y 296 mujeres. Resultados: El porcentaje de desdentados totales fue de 20,7, y la media de dientes naturales presente de 14,92. La prevalencia de edentulismo fue significativamente mayor (p <0.05 en los hombres, en las personas institucionalizadas, que no tienen estudios, con pobre higiene oral, que visitan regularmente al odontólogo y en las que viven en zonas periurbanas o rurales. En un modelo de regresión logística multivariada con el edentulismo como variable dependiente se han hallado como variables significativas la institucionalización (odds ratio [OR]=2,88, la pobre higiene oral (OR=2,35, las visitas regulares al odont

  4. [Helicobacter pylori infection (13C-UBT), and its relationship with nutritional and socioeconomic factors in low income school children from Valencia, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Páez Valery, M C; Barón, M A; Solano, L; Nadaff, G; Boccio, J; Barrado, A

    2006-12-01

    Helicobacter pylori infection (Hp) is widely spread around the world, and it is considered one of the main causes of chronic gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulcers, and gastric cancer. Recent research has shown that it can be associated with nutritional disorders, mainly with iron and other micronutrient deficiencies. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of Hp infection, and infection pattern according to age, sex, nutritional status, and socioeconomic conditions in children who attended the Unidad Educativa "Valentin Espinal" in the city of Valencia. 170 children, between 3 and 14 years of age were studied to assess Hpylori infection (13C-urea breath test), age, nutritional status according to BMI and Height for age, hemoglobin (cianometahemoglobin), serum ferritin (ELISA), socioeconomic status (Graffar-Méndez-Castellano), housing conditions, number of families and of people cohabitating in the same household, and quality of services. 78.8% of the children were infected with Hp, witch was significantly correlated with age but not gender. 25.9% of the sample had undernutrition, and 46.5% were stunted. 98.1% of the families lived in poverty, and 98% of the households showed sanitary deficiencies. A mean of 6.0 +/- 2.4 persons lived in each household (range: 2-15), and an average of 3.2 person shared bedrooms. The odds of being infected were higher in those children who were stunted. Also, socioeconomic status, mother's education level, and poor hosing conditions were significantly associated to being infected. Hpylori is highly prevalent among socially and economically deprived children, and age, overcrowding, and a low education level of the mother increases the risk of being infected.

  5. In Vogue: How Valencia Community College Used a High-Fashion Marketing Campaign to Sharpen Its Image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campagnuolo, Christian

    2008-01-01

    Not unlike many community colleges across the country, Valencia Community College, located in Orlando, Florida, has been working to better connect with its constituents. In an era in which the Internet is opening new lines of communication between schools and prospective students, more community colleges are tapping into the opportunities inherent…

  6. Field performance of Valencia trees on US-942 and US-812 rootstocks in trials challenged by HLB

    Science.gov (United States)

    The presentation will include a summary of background and field performance for the two USDA rootstocks, US-942 and US-812, with special focus on performance of trees with Valencia scion and when infected with Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus. Field performance will be compared and contrasted with ...

  7. Rooted Rights Systems in Turbulent Water: The Dynamics of Collective Fishing Rights in La Albufera, Valencia, Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boelens, R.A.; Claudin, V.

    2015-01-01

    Valencia's Albufera Lake is a wetlands area where different sociolegal systems interact. Its El Palmar community is governed by customary laws for fishing and territorial control. These exist alongside, yet in tension with, governmental laws. This article examines the dynamics of fishing rights,

  8. Determination of moisture content using NIR Reflectance Spectroscopty with single calibration for both Valencia and Virginia in-shell peanuts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used earlier to measure the moisture content (MC) of in-shell peanuts of Virginia and Valencia type. NIR spectral data was collected on calibration sample sets from Virginia type in the moisture range of 6% to 22%, from 400 nm to 2500 nm. Calibration models were...

  9. Determination of moisture content using NIR reflectance spectroscopy with single calibration for both valencia and virginia in-shell peanuts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used earlier to measure the moisture content (MC) of in-shell peanuts of Virginia and Valencia type. NIR spectral data was collected on calibration sample sets from Virginia type in the moisture range of 6% to 22%, from 400 nm to 2500 nm. Calibration models were...

  10. Procedencia geográfica y edad de los estudiantes de derecho de Valencia durante la Restauración

    OpenAIRE

    Blasco Gil, Yolanda

    1998-01-01

    En este trabajo analizamos el perfil del estudiante universitario durante el periodo de la Restauración en las Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Valencia. Se hace hincapie en los siguientes aspectos: procedencia geográfica y edad. Para ello consultamos entre otras fuentes los libros de matrícula y grado...

  11. Estudio y propuesta de intervención de la Ermita de Santa Lucía de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    SANCHO ROCA, FERNANDO

    2011-01-01

    El proyecto incluye estudio histórico, levantamiento de planos, estudio de patologías, y una propuesta de intervención Sancho Roca, F. (2011). Estudio y propuesta de intervención de la Ermita de Santa Lucía de Valencia. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12238. Archivo delegado

  12. Seasonal variation in canopy reflectance and its application to determine the water status and water use by citrus trees in the Western Cape, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Dzikiti, Sebinasi

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the diurnal and seasonal dynamics of the canopy reflectance, water use and water status of Midknight Valencia citrus trees under semi-arid conditions. Hyperspectral canopy reflectance data was collected on 30 trees at monthly...

  13. Identification of a large, fast-expanding HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster among MSM in Valencia, Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ángel Patiño-Galindo

    Full Text Available We describe and characterize an exceptionally large HIV-1 subtype B transmission cluster occurring in the Comunidad Valenciana (CV, Spain. A total of 1806 HIV-1 protease-reverse transcriptase (PR/RT sequences from different patients were obtained in the CV between 2004 and 2014. After subtyping and generating a phylogenetic tree with additional HIV-1 subtype B sequences, a very large transmission cluster which included almost exclusively sequences from the CV was detected (n = 143 patients. This cluster was then validated and characterized with further maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analyses and Bayesian coalescent reconstructions. With these analyses, the CV cluster was delimited to 113 patients, predominately men who have sex with men (MSM. Although it was significantly located in the city of Valencia (n = 105, phylogenetic analyses suggested this cluster derives from a larger HIV lineage affecting other Spanish localities (n = 194. Coalescent analyses estimated its expansion in Valencia to have started between 1998 and 2004. From 2004 to 2009, members of this cluster represented only 1.46% of the HIV-1 subtype B samples studied in Valencia (n = 5/143, whereas from 2010 onwards its prevalence raised to 12.64% (n = 100/791. In conclusion, we have detected a very large transmission cluster in the CV where it has experienced a very fast growth in the recent years in the city of Valencia, thus contributing significantly to the HIV epidemic in this locality. Its transmission efficiency evidences shortcomings in HIV control measures in Spain and particularly in Valencia.

  14. Reconocimiento de fotografías de contenido emocional: Efectos de la valencia cuando se controla el arousal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernández-Rey

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio experimental, en el que participaron 143 estudiantes de Psicología, con el principal objetivo de examinar los efectos de la valencia emocional sobre el reconocimiento de fotografías con un intervalo corto de retención. Para ello se utilizaron 90 fotografías del IAPS (International Affective Picture System representativas de las regiones correspondientes a un nivel de arousal medio y valencia alta y baja en el espacio afectivo bidimensional. Los resultados no mostraron influencia de la valencia emocional sobre la memoria de reconocimiento cuando se examinaron medidas de precisión (A' y sesgo de respuesta (B"D. Sin embargo, el análisis de los tiempos de respuesta mostró que se producían decisiones más rápidas de reconocimiento correcto ante fotografías agradables que ante desagradables y también ante fotografías originales que ante nuevas. Además, en los participantes con respuestas rápidas se encontró una interacción significativa entre la valencia de las fotografías (agradables vs. desagradables y su estatus (originales vs. nuevas que no se observó en los participantes con respuestas lentas. Los resultados sugieren que los efectos de valencia sobre la memoria de reconocimiento pueden aparecer cuando se supone que está actuando principalmente la familiaridad, en la línea de lo encontrado en trabajos recientes en los que se analizaron tanto datos conductuales (Clark-Foos y Marsh, 2008 como correlatos neurales (Mickley y Kensinger, 2008.

  15. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils Volume IV.- Valencia and Murcia; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles Volumen IV.- Valencia y Murcia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M.

    1998-12-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidades Autonomas de Valencia and Murcia. (Author) 63 refs.

  16. Significado del consumo de drogas para las adolescentes de la calle, en la ciudad de Valencia, Venezuela Significado do uso de drogas para adolescentes de rua, Valencia, Venezuela Meaning of drugs use for adolescents living in the streets, Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Alvarado-Chacón

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de un estudio descriptivo de enfoque cualitativo con el objetivo de revelar el significado del consumo de drogas en las adolescentes de la calle, condición que las convierte en problema social, por lo que se busca obtener una aproximación teórica para comprender este fenómeno. Siete (7 adolescentes femeninas del paseo Cabriales en la ciudad de Valencia, en Venezuela fueron entrevistadas. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó el recurso metodológico de la Teoría fundamentada (Grand Theory y la visión del Interaccionismo simbólico y de ahí surgieron las siguientes categorías: la búsqueda de no ser la buena, la reafirmación del rol femenino, el consumo como experiencia, la mirada de los otros a la adolescente que consume drogas, y la adicta como cuidadora. Finalmente, concluimos que el uso de drogas en la calle para las adolescentes del sexo femenino es una forma de protección, sobrevivencia e inclusión en los grupos.Trata-se de estudo descritivo de abordagem qualitativa, cujo objetivo foi revelar o significado do uso de drogas entre adolescentes que vivem nas ruas, condição que se torna um problema social, de modo que a abordagem teórica busca compreender esse fenômeno. Sete (7 adolescentes do sexo feminino, em Valência, Venezuela, foram entrevistadas. Para análise dos dados, utilizou-se como recurso a metodologia da Grounded Theory e a visão do interacionismo simbólico, de onde emergiram as seguintes categorias: a busca de não ser bom, reafirmação do papel das mulheres, consumo como experiência, o olhar dos outros para a adolescente que usa drogas e o toxicodependente como cuidador. Por fim, conclui-se que o uso de drogas na rua, para adolescentes do sexo feminino, é uma forma de proteção, sobrevivência e inclusão grupal.This descriptive study with a qualitative approach aims to reveal the meaning of drugs use among adolescents living in the street, a condition that turns them into a social problem, so

  17. SU-E-T-343: Valencia Applicator Commissioning Using a Micro-Chamber Array

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carmona-Meseguer, V; Palomo-Llinares, R; Candela-Juan, C; Gimeno-Olmos, J; Lliso-Valverde, F [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Garcia-Martinez, T [Hospital de La Ribera, Alzira, Valencia (Spain); Richart-Sancho, J [Clinica Benidorm, Benidorm, Alicante (Spain); Granero, D [ERESA-Hospital General Universitario, Mislata, Valencia (Spain); Ballester, F [University of Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Perez-Calatayud, J [Hospital La Fe, Valencia (Spain); Clinica Benidorm, Benidorm, Alicante (Spain)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: In the commissioning and QA of surface isotope-based applicators, source-indexer distance (SID) has a great influence in the flatness, symmetry and output. To these purposes, methods described in the literature are the use of a special insert at the entrance of dwell chamber or radiochromic films. Here we present the experience with a micro-chamber array to perform the commissioning and QA of Valencia applicators. Methods: Valencia applicators have been used, the classic and the new extra-shielded version. A micro-chamber array has been employed, 1000 SRS (PTW), with 977 liquid filled, 2.3×2.3×0.5 mm{sup 3} sized ion chambers covering 11×11 cm{sup 2}, which spacing is 2.5 mm in the central 5.5×5.5 cm{sup 2}, dedicated mainly in principle, in conjunction with Octavius 4D (PTW), to IMRT, VMAT, SBRT verifications. Verisoft software that allows for 3D and planar analysis has been used to evaluate the results. Applicators were located on the surface of the array. To verify the SID, measurements corresponding to the reference value, SID ± 1 mm and SID ± 2 mm were acquired (integration time was fixed in order to discard the influence of the source entrance/exit). Once SID was determined, standard protocol treatments corresponding to 3 Gy and 7 Gy were acquired in order to establish typical patient dose distribution. Results: The method is fast and sensitive. The SID obtained was 1321 mm which is the nominal value included in the applicator manual. For example at 1319 mm an asymmetry of ±8% with respect to the central value was measured, along with a central deviation of −4% referred to 1321 mm. Conclusion: A practical method for the commissioning and QA of Valencia applicators has been described. It has been shown that it is an efficient and accurate tool for these purposes as well as for the verification of the absolute output constancy.

  18. Rice field flora and vegetation in the provinces of Valencia and Tarragona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carretero, J. L.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Twenty nine emergent and twenty floating or submerged taxa , were found in the rice fields in Valencia and Tarragona provinces. Eleven of the se taxa, all them emergent, are alien Of introduced ones. Echinochloa oryzoides and E. oryzicola are the most important in both areas, together with Cyperus difformis and Echinochloa hispidula in Valencia. The remaining thirty eight taxa belong to the native flora. There are predominantly the emergent Scirpus maritimus, Alisma plantago-aquatica. Echinochloa crus-galli and Paspalum distichum; the floating Lemna minor and L. gibba; the submersed Potamogeton nodosus; Zannichellia palustris and Najas minor; and the macroscopical algae Chara vulgaris, Cladophora glomerata, Oedogonium capilliforme, Spirogyra spp., Pithophora oedogania and Hydrodictyon reticulatum. The flora evolution during the last years is analyzed and the present weed communities are studied. The contribution of the different phytosociological classes to the rice field weed flora is presented.

    De los 49 táxones registrados (29 emergentes y 20 flotantes o sumergidos 11 son exóticos introducidos, de los cuales los más importantes son Echinochloa oryzoides y E. oryzicolaen ambas zonas, además de Cyperus difformis y Echinochloa hispidula en Valencia, y el resto propios de la flora autóctona, predominando Scirpus maritimus, Alisma plantago-aquatica. Echinochloa crus-galli y Paspalum distichum como emergentes, Lemna minor y L. gibba como flotantes, Potamogeton nodosus, Zannichellia palustris y Najas minor como sumergidos y Chara vulgaris, Cladophora glomerata, Oedogonium capilliforme. Spirogyra spp., Pirhophora oedogonia e Hydrodictyon reticulatum como algas macroscópicas. Se analiza la evolución experimentada por la flora en los últimos años, además de estudiar las

  19. [Chromosomal anomalies: The experience of the Congenital Anomalies Registry of the Valencia Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimeno-Martos, S; Cavero-Carbonell, C; López-Maside, A; Bosch-Sánchez, S; Martos-Jiménez, C; Zurriaga, O

    2016-04-01

    To describe the temporal trend and distribution of chromosomal congenital abnormalities (CA) in the Valencia Region, in less than one year olds, during the period 2007-2011. Live births, still births and termination of pregnancy due to foetal anomaly between 2007 and 2011 with chromosomal CA (Q90-Q99.9 codes of the 10th International Classification of Diseases -British Paediatric Association) were selected from the CA population-based Registry of Valencia Region The prevalence per 10,000 births for the chromosomal CA and for the different types of chromosomal syndromes with 95% confidence intervals was calculated. The analysis was performed by calculating prevalences and data were compared using Pearson Chi-squared test. A total of 895 cases were found, representing a prevalence of 33.5 per 10,000 births (95% CI: 31.0-35.9), highlighting five syndromes: Down's, Edward's, Patau, Turner and Klinefelter. The prevalence of chromosomal CA and Down's syndrome were stable over the period, except in 2010. Down's was the most frequent chromosomal CA (67% of the cases), and the most frequent termination of pregnancy type was for foetal anomaly (69%). Cardiac heart defects represented 70.3% of the associated congenital anomalies. Mothers of children with chromosomal CA were mainly Spanish (73.3%). The age group of mothers over 39 years had a higher prevalence (133.0 per 10,000 births). The province of Castellón had the highest prevalence, 39.1 per 10,000 births. The prevalence has remained stable over the five years, excluding the significant decline in 2010, for chromosomal CA detected and two of the major syndromes. The chromosomal CA are an important public health problem as they represent 15% of all CA identified in the Valencia Region, and agrees with the European data. Copyright © 2015 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Variación estacional de la mortalidad en la ciudad de Valencia, España Seasonal variation of mortality rates within the city of Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FERRAN BALLESTER-DÍEZ

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Estudiar la variación estacional de la mortalidad por todas las causas según grupo de edad y sexo, en la ciudad de Valencia, España, durante el periodo 1976-1990, y su relación con la temperatura. Material y métodos. Se hizo un estudio ecológico de series mensuales de mortalidad global y temperatura media. La variable principal de resultado fue la mortalidad por todas las causas. Se calcularon las tasas de mortalidad específicas por grupos de edad (0-4, 35-39, 50-64, 65-74 y > o = 75 y sexo en la ciudad de Valencia, para cada mes, durante los 180 meses del periodo estudiado. Se obtuvieron las tasas promedio de mortalidad mensual y se calculó el porcentaje de variación. Asimismo, se utilizó el análisis gráfico para examinar la variación estacional de la mortalidad y para identificar la forma de la relación entre temperatura y mortalidad, ajustando la línea de regresión mediante el método Loess (suavizado móvil de regresión ponderado localmente. La asociación entre temperatura media y mortalidad se estimó mediante regresión lineal múltiple controlando por tendencia, estacionalidad y periodo. Resultados. Se observa un claro patrón estacional, con picos de mortalidad en los meses de invierno, y valores más bajos en los meses de verano y en los comienzos del otoño. El exceso de mortalidad para el mes de enero fue de 27.7% para el total de defunciones en mujeres, y de 19.5% en hombres; este exceso fue mayor en el grupo de 75 y más años. Gráficamente, la relación entre temperatura y mortalidad aparece en forma de V, con una menor mortalidad cuando la medida mensual de la temperatura media diaria es aproximadamente de 23 °C. Con base en esta relación, se construyeron dos variables complementarias, denominadas frío y calor. Estas variables explican un mayor porcentaje de la variabilidad de la mortalidad por todas las causas (47.6% en hombres y 54.8% en mujeres que el modelo con la temperatura como única

  1. Postmortem Inventories in Medieval Valencia. A Source for the Study of Household Consumption and Living Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Almenar Fernández

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Basic questions about the nature of postmortem inventories in late medieval Valencia have rarely been asked. What distinguished them from other lists of goods and what was their legal basis? Why were inventories made? Which goods were listed and which ones omitted? How many inventories are preserved today? Which sectors of medieval society requested them? The answers that this paper provides clearly show the potential of a serial and quantitative usage of the Valencian inventory for the study of household consumption, an analysis that would enable us to measure far more accurately the changes in living standards in late medieval society to a degree that is difficult to achieve in other regions of Europe.

  2. La Escuela de Cristo de Valencia: historia y documentación

    OpenAIRE

    Monzó Climent, Juan Antonio

    2016-01-01

    El objeto de nuestro estudio es la Escuela de Cristo de Valencia, una original institución del Barroco que, con mayor o menor vigor, ha perdurado hasta nuestros días. Nacida en Madrid, rápidamente se extendió por toda la geografía española, también en los dominios de la América Hispánica, e incluso por Italia. No obstante, es muy poco conocida y el alcance e influencia de la misma ha sido muy poco estudiado. Sorprende este hecho teniendo en cuenta su amplia difusión geográfica y temporal, que...

  3. Plaines de Valencia et du Vaucluse: l'espace de deux huertas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillipe ELLERKAMP

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available La modélisation graphique aide à rationaliser la comparaison des espaces méditerranéens d'agriculture irriguée de Valencia (Espagne et du Comtat (Provence. Un référent théorique est formalisé puis confronté aux réalités locales, dans le but d'apprécier récurrences et spécificités. Malgré les différences issues de la situation géographique et urbaine et du rôle des huertas, les principes d'organisation spatiale obéissent aux mêmes règles.

  4. Los tipos de iniciativas empresariales de los inmigrantes en las ciudades de Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cavalcanti

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El principal objetivo de este artículo es presentar una tipología, de carácter cualitativo, de los perfiles de los empresarios de origen inmigrante procedentes de países no comunitarios en España, y de las características de sus negocios. Se trata de ilustrar, en términos de representatividad tipológica, los rasgos y el potencial de las empresas regentadas por inmigrantes. Dicho análisis se realiza a partir del estudio titulado «El empresariado inmigrante en España» (Solé, Parella y Cavalcanti, 2007, financiado por la Fundación La Caixa, en tres contextos socioespaciales concretos donde se da una elevada concentración de población extranjera: Barcelona, Madrid y Valencia.

  5. Plaines de Valencia et du Vaucluse: l'espace de deux huertas

    OpenAIRE

    Phillipe ELLERKAMP

    1997-01-01

    La modélisation graphique aide à rationaliser la comparaison des espaces méditerranéens d'agriculture irriguée de Valencia (Espagne) et du Comtat (Provence). Un référent théorique est formalisé puis confronté aux réalités locales, dans le but d'apprécier récurrences et spécificités. Malgré les différences issues de la situation géographique et urbaine et du rôle des huertas, les principes d'organisation spatiale obéissent aux mêmes règles.

  6. The Cultural Management in the Music Societies of Valencia. Towards Professionalization of Musical Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Gómez Asensio

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Musical Societies are the cultural agent that produces most musical events in Valencia, gathering around them the vast majorities of local amateur musicians, who are the main support that conforms them and at the same time leads its management. Its rise and proliferation has led to the growth and complexity of their structures, making it increasingly difficult operation with management based on volunteerism. In this study we analyzed each of the areas of Music Societies from the perspective of its managers in charge, aware of its management, and its musicians, who are aware of the real effects of it. Thus checking to what extent each structural framework needs an increasingly dedicated and expert figure, we also show to the Musical Societies some operating possibilities at their fingertips and finally we enable a self-analysis that objectively will assess the advantages of professionalism in management.

  7. Light pollution in the surroundings of Valencia. Anthropic and natural factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, E.; Morales Rubio, A.; Giner-Montañez, M.; Segura, R.; Bonet, C.; Ruíz, I.

    2015-05-01

    Although the conservation of a dark sky at first only concerned astronomers, biologists and conservationists soon realized the effects exerted by light pollution on nocturnal wildlife. This degradation increases with cloud coverage, so, as some recent studies have highlighted, it is also necessary to evaluate the influence of clouds on increasing the brightness of the night sky. Furthermore, the effect of the lunar cycle on flora and nocturnal animals may be affected due to excessive lighting. The variation of the luminance of the sky has been measured at different locations of the city of Valencia and its surroundings, especially in the Turia Natural Park, where we have studied these influences. Moreover we have also evaluated how the Fallas festival lighting is affecting the increase of light pollution.

  8. Las bibliotecas públicas y universitarias de la ciudad de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos Lóriz, Diego

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available La Biblioteca Municipal Central de Valencia se encuentra en la plaza de Maguncia, una localización no precisamente céntrica ya que se encuentra junto al término municipal de Xirivella y bastante mal comunicada por la red de transporte público. La Biblioteca Pública de la Generalitat Valenciana, en la calle del Hospital, tiene sobre la municipal la ventaja de estar situada en el centro de la ciudad. Pasemos ahora a las bibliotecas universitarias. Con la excepción de ciertos fondos especializados que normalmente forman parte de las bibliotecas de los departamentos adecuados, es lógico y deseable que los fondos de las bibliotecas de las universidades públicas sean accesibles mediante préstamo a todos los ciudadanos, ya que se financian con el dinero de todos ellos.

  9. Una figura funeraria infantil de madera en el Instituto Valencia de Don Juan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Ahijado, Carmen

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Entre las piezas que componen la colección de escultura del Instituto Valencia de don Juan encontramos la estatua orante de un niño, realizada en madera, tela encolada y yeso. Sus medidas son 77,5 cm de alto, 38 cm de ancho y 38,5 cm de fondo. Presenta elegancia señorial, carácter y vitalidad en su cabeza. Aparece ante nuestros ojos con los mismos ademanes y la misma figura rígida y envarada que los adultos. La actitud recogida junto con su sencilla vestimenta acentúan el intimismo religioso del orante. Se consideró que era interesante encontrar otros ejemplos de este tipo de escultura funeraria infantil en madera, material poco usado en este género debido a su propia naturaleza. La madera se asociaba a transitoriedad…

  10. Rehabilitation of the Barón de Ariza’s town house in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Francisco Noguera

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The Barón de Ariza’s town house, designed by the architect A. Ferrer, was totally unknown until its rehabilitation as the headquarters of the Valencia Entrepreneurial Confederation. However, the refurbished facade, the spatial layout of the reception rooms on the noble floor and the ornamentation make of this work a valuable prototype of the Valencian eclecticism of the end of the 19th century. The rehabilitation strove to achieve an equilibrium between its architectural and functional qualities, and to enhance the pieces or elements that best contributed to its historic artistic value. The explanation of the work performed on the building are closed by an article by Enriqueta González about the restoration of the ornaments and brass decorations of the noble floor.

  11. Los dias que ahora son sueños: un recuerdo del maestro Guillermo Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Carranza

    1965-01-01

    Full Text Available En el más hermoso sitio de la campiña payanesa se alza la mansión señorial de Valencia. El río Cauca arrastra, cerca, su crespo y raudo caudal. Los robles ponen una nota solemne y viril contra el verde tierno, eglógico, casi femenino de la pradera. A lo lejos levanta Popayán su dulce y grave fisonomía de piedra bajo el vuelo de las campanas y las palomas. Allí el lánguido hechizo del clima invade las venas del cuerpo y del alma con un suave poderío. En la distancia, arroyos tranquilos humedecen de cielo la breve llanura maravillosa.

  12. Bishop Ramon Despont and the Jews of the Kingdom of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meyerson, Mark D.

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article treats the intervention of Bishop Ramon Despont (1289-1312 in the affairs of the Jews of the kingdom of Valencia. It deals mainly with his efforts to put an end to Jewish usury and with the effects of his initiatives on Christian-Jewish relations.[fr] Cet article traite de l'intervention de l'évêque Ramon Despont (1289-1312 dans les affaires des juifs du royaume de Valence. Il s'occupe principalement des efforts de cet évêque pour mettre tin à l'usure juive et des conséquences de ses initiatives sur les relations entre chrétiens et juifs.

  13. El sinfonismo en Valencia durante la restauración (1878-1916)

    OpenAIRE

    Sancho García, Manuel

    2003-01-01

    RESUMEN El presente trabajo aborda el fenómeno del sinfonismo en Valencia, desde el ámbito de la interpretación orquestal, durante el período comprendido entre 1878 y 1916. Los límites cronológicos vienen marcados, de una parte, por la fundación, en 1878, de la Sociedad de Conciertos de José Valls, primera agrupación orquestal valenciana que, históricamente, efectuó una significativa labor de difusión del género sinfónico en la ciudad del Turia; y, de otra, por la constitución, en 1916, de...

  14. Plan de dinamización turística del municipio de Millares (Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    BARBERÁ ESPÍ, SANDRA

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo está basado en el desarrollo turístico de la localidad de Millares, así como en la gestión y explotación de este sector, con el fin de crear un Plan de Dinamización Turística que permita revitalizar la economía local y, con ella, combatir el decrecimiento demográfico a partir de un mejor aprovechamiento turístico que potencie el empleo local. Millares, es una población de la Comunidad Valenciana perteneciente a la provincia de Valencia, situada a 59 km de la capital, dentro de la c...

  15. La redacción y promulgación de la "Costum " de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Edo, Vicente

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available For more than a century, many researchers in History of Law have studied the text of the "Costum" of Valencia, trying to discover who was its author, what were its documentary sources, how it was composed and organized, and when it was published. All these questions have brief but concise answers in this article, where they are analyzed, and attention is drawn to the importance of the "Corpus iuris civilis", the "Liber iudicum", the "Usatges" from Barcelona and the "Consuetudines ilerdenses", as the main documentary sources of the "Costum" of Valencia. Finally the date proposed for its publication is around the 1st November, 1238.[fr] Depuis plus d'un siècle, beaucoup d'historiens du droit ont étudié le texte de la "Costum" de Valence, en voulant découvrir qui a été son auteur, quelles sont ses sources documentaires, comment elle a été composée et organisée, et quand elle a été publiée. Toutes ces questions ont des brieves mais concisses réponses dans cet article où on les analise, et où on remarque l'importance du "Corpus iuris civilis", le "Liber iudicum", les "Usatges" de Barcelone, et les "Consuetudines ilerdenses", comme les plus importantes sources documentaires de la "Costum" de Valence. A la tin on propose que la date de publication du texte se situe autour du F. Novembre 1238.

  16. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF OFFICIAL MILK CONTROL IN VALENCIA COMMUNITY (SPAIN BY SELF ORGANIZING MAPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Javier Fernandez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Breeding programs in dairy goats are mainly based on milk production and composition. Murciano-Granadina goats are located principally in the central and southern regions of Spain. This study is focused in Valencia Community (Spain and the objective is to study the Murciano-Granadina livestock based on the database from Murciano-Granadina Goat Breeders Association of Valencia (AMURVAL.  The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship among different variables related with milk production; milk yield, fat, protein, lactose, SCC, the number of births, lactation number and season. This analysis is carried out by using the Self Organizing Map. This tool allows mapping high-dimensional input spaces into much lower-dimensional spaces, thus making much more straightforward to understand any representation of data. These representations enable to visually extract qualitative relationships among variables (Visual Data Mining. A total of 3221 Murciano-Granadina dairy goats from AMURVAL were chosen. Self Organizing Maps (SOM were used to analyze data with the system identification toolbox of MATLAB v7. Data were obtained from Official Milk Control during 2006 campaign. SOM considered in this study is formed by 21´14 neurons (294 neurons; the chosen architecture is given by the range of the input variables used. The map shown that more than 70% of the goats has milk yield greater than 300 kg per lactation and goat, indicating good performance of farms. Besides, the SOM obtained indicate a group of neurons that included goats with high SSC (2%. The use of Self Organizing Maps in the descriptive analysis of this kind of data sets has proven to be highly valuable in extracting qualitative conclusions and guiding in improving the performance of farms.

  17. Inadequate intake of calcium in adults from the Autonomous Community of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Jiménez Talamantes

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: mineral calcium is essential for bone health throughout life. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of inadequate calcium intake in adults from the Valencian Community. Material and methods: the Autonomous Community of Valencia Nutrition Survey 2010-2011, a cross-sectional population study, was used as the data source, which collected data on calcium intake using one 24-h recall. The final sample was 1206 (597 men and 609 women subjects older than 18 years. Results: an average calcium intake of 741.4 mg/person/day (SD= 334.9, 757.8 mg/person/day (SD= 350.0 in men and 725.3 mg/person/day (SD= 319.0 in women was estimated. The results of insufficient intake obtained according to the levels of the estimated average requirements were 70.6% (95%CI: 68.0-73.2, 75.4% higher in women (95%CI: 72.0-78.2 than in men 65.7% (95%CI: 61.9-69.5. The prevalence was 83.8% (95%CI: 81.7-85.9 for the recommended dietary allowances and the differences by sex were significant (p<0,05. The estimated prevalence was highest by age group in those older than 70 years in both cases, 85.5% (95%CI: 80.0-91.0 and 94.3% (95%CI: 90.7-97, 9 respectively. Conclusions: there is evidence of a high prevalence of inadequate calcium intake in adult population from the Autonomous Community of Valencia. Studies should be carried out to evaluate the influence of these findings on related pathologies (osteoporosis, osteoporotic fracture.

  18. Académico Guillermo Valencia Abdala - Académico Enrique Carvajal Arjona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Fragmentos Guillermo Valencia Abdala murió en Cartagena a los 90 años de edad, su deceso ocurrió en el mes de diciembre de 2016. Valencia Abdala nació en Aracataca, Magdalena, el 26 de julio de 1926. Se le reconoció como uno de los más entrañables amigos de Gabriel García Márquez, en su niñez fue uno de los 4 compañeros de Gabo en el Colegio Montessori de Aracataca, población que hoy recibe el apodo de ‘Macondo’. Luego, sus padres se trasladaron a Santa Marta donde estudió el bachillerato en el Liceo Celedón. Por su disciplina y amor a las ciencias eligió la carrera de medicina y se graduó de la Universidad Javeriana de Bogotá. En Filadelfia, EEUU, se especializó en cirugía cardiovascular y después hizo un máster en administración hospitalaria en la Universidad de Puerto Rico. El académico correspondiente y reconocido nefrólogo Enrique Carvajal Arjona falleció en Bogotá en enero de 2017. El doctor Carvajal ingresó a la Academia en 1967 con un trabajo sobre los trasplantes renales que fue publicado ese mismo año en la Revista Médica de Bogotá. Fue fundador de la sección de Nefrología del Hospital San Juan de Dios y también se desempeñó como decano de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, donde también se desempeñó como Rector.

  19. ACCOUNTING MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE PORT AUTHORITY OF VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Giner Fillol

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ports that have good geographical location, efficient management and value-added services have potential for international leadership, as is the case with the Valencia Port Authority, which figures prominently in the international ranking of container ports. Information systems should stimulate the curiosity of organizations, facilitate the process of participatory decision-making and enhance the ability of the organization to cope with changes in the environment. Changes occurring in the environment fully affect the organization and therefore its computer systems.Through the study of the Business Intelligence Systems at the Valencia Port Authority, we seek to reaffirm the assumptions of the various authors analyzed. In summary, we would like to highlight that for accounting information, in both financial accounting and management accounting, to add value to the strategic processes of firms, it must successfully contribute to the strategic processes of the organization, selecting those aspects of accounting management that are relevant to the strategy of the organization (Álvarez-Dardet et al., 1999. The evolution and transformation undergone by firms in recent decades, with regard to technological progress and variation in production methods, suggests the possible obsolescence of so-called conventional cost systems. These traditional systems do not take into account the impact of the production process automation and the changes occurring in the relative importance of the different components of the cost of the product. Organizations have to develop accounting information towards a strategic orientation in order to provide support for the strategic business processes,evolving the current information supply of financial accounting and incorporating the information provided by management accounting. In this way the accounting information available to organizations will support their strategic processes more efficiently.

  20. La falta de financiacion publica hipoteca el futuro del acelerador de protones valenciano. La Universidad de Valencia tiene avanzado el diseno de este dispositivo de alta tecnologia

    CERN Multimedia

    Jatvia, J M

    2002-01-01

    "La Universidad de Valencia tiene avanzado el diseno de un acelerador lineal de protones, cuya culminacion depende del compromiso del Consell en sufragar la plantilla que necesitaria el centro para estar operativo" (1 page).

  1. Cellars, stone wine and oil presses in the territory of Kelin (5th-3rd centuries BC): the case of la Alcantarilla ravine (Requena, Valencia)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    David Quixal Santos; Guillem Pérez Jordà; Andrea Moreno Martín; Consuelo Mata Parreño; Yolanda Carrión Marco

    2016-01-01

    .... All are located in a specific area of the territory (la Alcantarilla and Los Morenos ravines) (Requena, Valencia), and are associated with archaeological materials that allow date them as Iberian...

  2. Percepción social del gran premio de Europa de Fórmula 1 entre los ciudadanos de Valencia Social perception of the European Formula 1 Grand Prix in Valencia citizens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Añó

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    La Unidad de Investigación de Rendimiento Físico y Deportivo (UIRFIDE del Departamento de Educación Física y Deportiva de la Universidad de Valencia ha establecido una línea de investigación de Grandes Eventos Deportivos dentro de la cual se enmarca el presente trabajo, llevado a cabo tras la realización del primer Gran Premio de Fórmula 1 celebrado en Valencia en 2008. Se realizaron 194 encuestas entre los ciudadanos de la ciudad de Valencia, siendo el 50% de ellos de residentes en los barrios más cercanos al circuito. Como resultados más relevantes podemos destacar que los ciudadanos de Valencia tienen gran conocimiento de la Fórmula 1, aunque una amplia mayoría no tiene ilusión por la celebración del evento en la ciudad. En su opinión la repercusión del evento es principalmente de carácter local e internacional, siendo el turismo y la economía los sectores más beneficiados con su realización, mientras que los organizadores del evento, los empresarios y los políticos son los colectivos más beneficiados. Por el contrario, los menos beneficiados serían los propios ciudadanos. Los entrevistados consideran que la ciudad está bien preparada para organizar el evento en los diferentes servicios, y un 83% indica que no asistirá en directo al mismo.
    Palabras clave: Eventos, organización Formula  1, repercusión económica, imagen, percepción social

    The Research Unit of Physical and Sports Performance (UIRFIDE of the Department of the University of Valencia, has established a line of research of major sport events in which one has been in line of this work. This investigation has been carried out after the execution of the Grand Prix Formula 1 celebrated in Valencia in 2008. 194 surveys have been carried out among the citizens of the city of Valencia, being 50% of them residents on the nearest districts to the Circuit. As most important results we can emphasize, that Valencia citizens have a great

  3. Diagrama de afinidad aplicado a mejorar los servicios tecnológicos de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (Application of a affinity diagram to improve the technological services of the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Pons-Morera

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de las técnicas de affinity diagram está cada día más en alza como método para discernir los puntos clave de una organización o los resortes que darán lugar a una mejora competitiva. El caso que nos ocupa es una primera aproximación a la identificación de qué servicios de los que ofrece la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, podrían ser mejorados con el uso de nuevas tecnologías. (Affinity diagram techniques are used to discern the key points of an organization or key factors that will lead to an improvement in competitive advantages. In this paper we do a first approximation to identify which services offered by the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia could be improved with the use of new technologies.

  4. Conversion of sand filters into activated carbon filters at the La Presa (Valencia) water works; Conversion de filtros de arena porcarbon activo en la ETAP de La Presa (Valencia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macian Cervera, V. J.; Monforte Monleon, L.; Ribera Orts, R.; Suris Jorda, J. I.; Klee, J. M.

    2007-07-01

    To improve the water quality at potable water treatment plant of La P esa (Valencia), the sand filters have been replaced for activated carbon filters. In the following review the results and conclusions of the direct sand filter conversion into activated carbon filters will be presented. The leads to a simple and fast solution to odour and taste removal, as well as dissolved organic matter, without investments in works at the water works. (Author)

  5. Algunas consideraciones sobre el urbanismo público en Valencia durante la primera mitad del siglo XV = Some thoughts on public urbanism in Valencia during the first half of the 15th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustí Campos Perales

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El urbanismo público bajomedieval en la ciudad de Valencia se rigió principalmente en base a la actuación de los jurats, el poder ejecutivo de ésta, y la Junta de Murs i Valls, una institución creada el 1358 para gestionar las obras de muros, valladares o caminos de la urbe y su término, entre otras competencias. El devenir de este urbanismo, que cabe separar pero no individualizar del mercado inmobiliario privado, se debe entender, como se pretende enfocar en este artículo, a partir de interpretaciones económicas y sociales y que van más allá de las estrictamente estéticas o artísticas. A través de las fuentes administrativas (Manuals de Consells se puede analizar la participación activa de la oligarquía urbana en el urbanismo público de Valencia además de sus dimensiones territoriales y geográficas.Public urbanism during the late middle ages in Valencia was regulated principally by the activity of the jurats, its executive power, and the Junta de Murs i Valls, an institution created in 1358 to manage the constructions in walls, moats or roads inside the city’s boundary. The development of this urbanism, independent but not separated from the private property market, has to be understood, as we try to do in this article, from economic and social interpretations, that go therefore beyond those strictly aesthetic and artistic. By administrative sources (Manuals de Consells is possible to analyse the implication of urban oligarchy in public urbanism of Valencia as well as its territorial and geographical dimensions.

  6. Ground waters in the surroundings of the Lago de Valencia and anthropogenic and geogenic impacts on water quality. Das Grundwasser im Umfeld des Lago de Valencia, Venezuela und seine anthropogene und geogene, nachteilige Beeinflussung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seiler, K.P. (GSF, Inst. fuer Hydrologie, Neuherberg (Germany)); Trimborn, P. (GSF, Inst. fuer Hydrologie, Neuherberg (Germany)); Alvarado, J. (Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables, Caracas (Venezuela))

    1992-01-01

    Lake Valencia is situated SW of Caracas, Venezuela; it receives untreated industrial, agricultural and domestic waste waters as well as run-off of the catchment area. The Lake covers a small part of an intramountain plain which is intensively cultivated using irrigation schemes. Irrigation water is mainly abstracted from groundwater and to some extend from a single small Lagune. - Groundwater quality is increasingly deteriorating by means of sulfates. Sulfates do not originate from the Lake Valencia by means of bank filtration, however, arise from deep groundwater with high residence time and high sulfate concentration which are to be met below young near surface groundwaters; the interface between both waters is met in 20 to 60 m below ground, depending mainly upon intensity of groundwater recharge and preferential subsurface discharge. - Parts of irrigation water infiltrate into the underground and very probably introduce also agrochemicals to the groundwater. - Valencia Lake has no surface outflow, however, a subsurface outflow has been detected and localized for the first time. - An approximate water balance suggests that artificial groundwater discharge exceeds recharge about 4times. (orig.)

  7. Miguel del Prado, retable painter in Valencia. His death in the Germanías Revolt (1521

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Gómez-Ferrer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Miguel del Prado, a painter who formed a company with Miguel Esteve in order to paint the now-lost Valencia town hall chapel in 1519, is an artist for whom there is scant documentary evidence. He has been identified with the anonymous Master of the Grifo, but this has been questioned recently. The author here offers news of a contract given to del Prado for an altarpiece in the Rosary Chapel of the old convent of Santo Domingo in Valencia that he was unable to fulfill due to his untimely death. It has been possible to certify that he perished on the battlefield of Almenara during the Germanías Revolt of 1521. Therefore the chronology for this painter has now been reduced by more than 16 years, because he was thought to have died in 1537.

  8. Doña Mencía de Mendoza y su residencia en el Palacio del Real en Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidalgo Ogáyar, Juana

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Documents preserved in the Archivo del Palau reveal the furnishings that Mencía de Mendoza had in the Royal Palace at Valencia, particularly luxury beds such as those of the Empress Isabel of Portugal and Queen Mary of France. Painters active at her court, especially Juan de Bolaños, are also discussed.

    Con la ayuda de varios documentos conservados en el Archivo del Palau, se dan a conocer diferentes enseres que Doña Mencía de Mendoza tenía en el Palacio del Real en Valencia, destacando camas de lujo como la de la Emperatriz Isabel de Portugal o la de María de Francia. Se dan a conocer algunos pintores activos en su corte como Juan de Bolaños.

  9. Students’ perception on teaching competences of teachers of the branch of social science and law of the University of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz PÉREZ PÉREZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data from research conducted at the University of Valencia in order to analyse students' perception on teaching competences of teachers in the area of Social and legal Sciences. The study included a total of 389 university students from 10 different degrees of the University of Valencia. In general, the subjects in the sample rated the 32 competencies as very important in the teaching / learning process. Students assess personal skills as the most important competences, followed by scientific, methodological and social ones.Overall the two most valued competences refer to “the proper and respectful treatment of students”, as well as “creating a classroom atmosphere based on dialogue and communication”. This data is a constant that is repeated in all degrees tested, with minor variations. The competences which are less valued are "Maintaining a careful personal image" and "keep update on new information and communication technologies”.

  10. Aspectos relevantes de la cuenca del lago de Valencia aplicando la metodología del pensamiento complejo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de los Ángeles Gregori

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La dinámica de la cuenca del lago de Valencia situada entre los Estados Aragua y Carabobo, en la región norte costera de Venezuela está afectada por elementos climáticos, tectónicos, geomorfolóficos, la propia dinámica fluvial de los ríos que conforman la cuenca y por factores antrópicos, entre los cuales destacan el modelo de apropiación de los recursos naturales, la ocupación del territorio e incluso se pueden considerar las visiones mecanicistas y cortoplacista dadas en las "soluciones" que se implementaron para afrontar el crecimiento y decrecimiento del lago. Los principios del pensamiento complejo constituyen una estrategia metodológica para el abordaje multimensional y multiescalar sobre el estudio de la cuenca del lago Valencia.

  11. En Valencia Diseñan un proyecto que descifrará nuevas claves sobre el Universo

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    This international encounter of work has been organized by the Corpuscular Physics Institute (IFIC), mixed center of the CSIC and the Valencia University, involved in the project. The English name of "Super Flavour Factor"y sends to the resemblance of a factory in where particles in industrial amounts will take place, which will allow to study its properties with a precision and intensity without precedents, because the number of collisions between electrons will increase in one hundred and positrons.

  12. Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Cold Pressed Oils from Florida Hamlin and Valencia Oranges Affected by Huanglongbing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Brittany M; Sims, Charles A; Etxeberria, Edgardo; Schneider, Renée M Goodrich

    2017-09-01

    Cold pressed oils from huanglongbing (HLB) symptomatic (SY) and asymptomatic (AS) Hamlin and Valencia oranges were assessed for 2 y (2014 to 2015 and 2015 to 2016 seasons) with 2 harvest dates for each orange variety per year. Physicochemical properties (optical rotation, aldehyde content, ultraviolet [UV] absorbance, refractive index, and specific gravity) mandated by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) for orange oil quality were assessed. Hamlin and Valencia oils showed minor differences in physicochemical properties based upon disease stage. However, all Hamlin oils had aldehyde contents below the USP minimum and Valencia oil from late season SY oranges had specific gravities above the USP maximum. Significant differences based on harvest year were seen for aldehyde content, refractive index, optical rotation, and UV absorbance. While none of these changes led to an oil being out of USP specifications, they indicate a need to monitor the quality of oil every year to ensure a consistent product. Flavor taste panels were performed both years by adding 0.035% oil samples to a uniform orange juice base. Aroma panels were done by smelling pure oil. There were no significant differences between SY and AS oils for flavor, although panelist race was a significant factor in several of the panels. There were significant differences between the aroma of SY and AS oils for both 2015 to 2016 Hamlin Early and Valencia Late samples. Overall, these results show HLB can have an effect on the aroma and USP mandated physicochemical properties of Florida orange oils, although flavor may be unaffected by this plant disease. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  13. A Multilevel Analysis of Real-World Variations in Oral Anticoagulation Initiation for Atrial Fibrillation in Valencia, a European Region

    OpenAIRE

    García-Sempere, Aníbal; Bejarano-Quisoboni, Daniel; Librero, Julián; Rodríguez-Bernal, Clara L.; Peiró, Salvador; Sanfélix-Gimeno, Gabriel

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Beyond clinical trials, clinical practice guidelines, and administrative regulation, treatment decision-making can be influenced by individual and contextual factors. Our goal was to describe variations in the patterns of initiation of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation by Health Areas (HA) in the region of Valencia in Spain and to quantify the influence of the HAs on variations in treatment choice. Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospect...

  14. A Multilevel Analysis of Real-World Variations in Oral Anticoagulation Initiation for Atrial Fibrillation in Valencia, a European Region

    OpenAIRE

    Aníbal García-Sempere; Aníbal García-Sempere; Daniel Bejarano-Quisoboni; Julián Librero; Julián Librero; Clara L. Rodríguez-Bernal; Clara L. Rodríguez-Bernal; Salvador Peiró; Salvador Peiró; Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno; Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Beyond clinical trials, clinical practice guidelines, and administrative regulation, treatment decision-making can be influenced by individual and contextual factors. Our goal was to describe variations in the patterns of initiation of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation by Health Areas (HA) in the region of Valencia in Spain and to quantify the influence of the HAs on variations in treatment choice.Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective ...

  15. First results of the spatial and temporal variation of the night sky brightness in the surroundings of Valencia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marco, E.; Morales Rubio, A.; Zamorano, J.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.

    2017-03-01

    In recent years a study of the quality of the night sky in the surroundings of the metropolitan area of Valencia has been done. To achieve this, we used a Sky Quality Meter (SQM-LE) together with a GPS in order to cover a large number of routes from very bright locations near the city of Valencia to very dark areas located more than 100 kilometres away. The objectives of the study were to determine the variation of light pollution with respect to the distance to Valencia, locate areas with a high quality night sky in order to claim for their protection and verify the contribution of smaller towns in the brightness of the sky. Since light pollution also affects biodiversity, we have especially studied its influence on the night sky close to natural parks. Night routes have been done in the interior and vicinity of the Parc de la Calderona, the Albufera and especially the Parc del T ´uria. Our study concludes that these parks are completely degraded and need an urgent protection plan against light pollution. Finally, we present the first results of our fixed detectors SQM-LU scattered throughout the Valencian territory.

  16. Casa, corte y cancillería del obispo de Valencia Hug de Llupià (1398-1427

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cárcel Ortí, María Milagros

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available This survey is our modest contribution to the history of a medieval episcopal court. Its objective is to know the people who were the components of the Household, Court and Chancellery of the Valencia diocese Bishop, Hugo de Llupià (1408-1425, through the different posts, trades, servants and "familia" members who performed their duties at the service of the diocese episcopal management as well as at the Bishop himself. To do this study we have made use of five records belonging to the mentioned Bishop which are kept in the Diocesan Archives of Valencia coresponding to the years 1408, 1412, 1418, 1421 and 1425.[fr] Cette étude est une modeste contribution à l’hisioire d'une cour médiévale episcopale. Ce travail a pour bout de connaître les personnes qui composaient la maison, la cour et la chancellerie de Févêque du diocèse de Valencia, Hugo de Llupià (1408-1425, à travers les différents charges, offices, serviteurs et "familia", qui travaillèrent au service de l'administration episcopale du diocèse et de l’évêque. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé cinq registres du dit évêque conservés dans l'Archive Diocésain de Valence, qui correspondent aux années 1408, 1412, 1418. 1421 et 1425.

  17. L-MEB Model Calibration Over the Valencia Anchor Station Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    In the framework of ESA's SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Mission, several studies are being carried out over different types of land surfaces to study their microwave L-band emission (1.4 GHz). These studies are being integrated in the SMOS emission model (L-MEB, L-band Microwave Emission of the Biosphere, Wigneron et al. 2007), which is the core of the SMOS algorithm for the retrieval of land surface parameters from SMOS data. To contribute to Cal/Val activities at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) area (Caudete de las Fuentes, Valencia, Spain), one of the primary validation areas for SMOS land data and products (ESA SMOS Cal/Val AO, Project ID 3252, Lopez-Baeza et al., 2005), a number of experiments have been carried out to study the vegetation influence over the L-band emission proceeding from the soil surface. In the VAS area, a reduced number of homogeneous units have been defined according to the type and use of the soil, mainly, shrubs, vineyards, orchards (almond-and olive-trees) and Mediterranean pine forests. In order to implement the SMOS algorithm over this reference area, it is necessary to characterize and calibrate the L-MEB model for the different cover types. This work is significantly contributing to the definition of the VAS site as a validation area for SMOS land products of the size of a SMOS pixel (SMOS reference pixel). Shrubs and vineyards are the two most significant vegetation types which cover a large percentage of the area and for which very little information at L-band is available in the literature. These two types of vegetation covers have been studied in two separate dedicated experiments under the common name of MELBEX (Mediterranean Ecosystem L-Band characterisation EXperiment). The first one (MELBEX-I) took place over a shrub area characterised by a significant proportion of bare soil with superficial stones. The second one (MELBEX-II) was carried out from March to December 2007 over a large vineyard area. During the time

  18. La construcción de pianos en Valencia hasta inicios del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alemany Ferrer, Victoria

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available At around 1830 the use of pianos in Valencia becomes widespread. One of the most significant events that marked the progressive and increasing normalization of its use in the city was precisely the appearance of indigenous workshops dedicated to the piano-makings. Those first craftsmen who, in some cases –like for example, Pedro Gómez–, knew the ins and outs of the construction of the novel pianistic mechanics out of the country, opened their workshops in the decade of 1830 putting with it on record that already at that time started a local demand of instruments that justified sufficiently its work. It has been obtained information of four factories that worked between 1830 and the beginning of the 20th century. This said documentation states that the Valencian instruments made during that period (1830–1915 as much obtained great success in the internal market as in the outsider, and obtained prestigious awards in exhibitions and national and foreign displays. Also has provided with the knowledge of the production and marketing systems of those workshops, and of the characteristics that had the Valencian pianos made at the diverse times; that information has helped to value the economic and social function that had the Valencian manufacture of pianos in the 19th century and has allowed its comparison with the developed one in other Spanish provinces during the same time.

    Hacia 1830 comenzó a generalizarse el uso del piano en Valencia. Uno de los hechos más significativos que marcaron la progresiva y creciente normalización de su utilización en la ciudad fue precisamente la aparición de talleres autóctonos dedicados a la fabricación de pianos. Esos primeros artesanos que, en algunos casos –como por ejemplo, Pedro Gómez–, conocieron los entresijos de la construcción de la novedosa mecánica pianística fuera del país, abrieron sus talleres en la década de 1830 dejando constancia con ello de que ya se iniciaba por

  19. Sobre la presencia de Teucrium pumilum y Teucrium libanitis (Lamiaceae en la provincia de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guara, M.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Teucrium pumilum and T. libanitis have been cited from Valencia province (Spain since the middle of the XXth Century from the gypsic soils in the Valle de Ayora-Cofrentes shire. The analysis of specimens and labels is not conclusive; no specimen would certify the presence of any of these taxa. The field identification and their inclusion in a phyotosociological table (relevé by Rivas Goday are the only basis of their presence in the territory in a particular moment of the recent Spanish botanical history. Additionally, the unique herbarium specimen from Valencia, impossible to assign a concrete geographic locality, which was traditionally assigned to T. pumilum by some authors, is actually its congeneric T. carolipaui.Teucrium pumilum y T. libanitis son dos especies que han sido citadas como presentes en la provincia de Valencia desde mediados del siglo XX, para los yesos que afloran en la comarca del Valle de Ayora-Cofrentes. El análisis de las etiquetas de los pliegos de los herbarios no es concluyente; ningún pliego testigo certificaría la presencia de estas especies. La determinación de visu por parte de Rivas Goday, y su inclusión en una tabla de inventarios fitosociológica, son el único fundamento de su existencia en la zona en algún momento determinado de la reciente historia botánica española. Además, para T. pumilum, el pliego de herbario que tradicionalmente se ha asignado a la cita valenciana se trata de una confusión en la determinación por parte de algunos autores con su congénere T. carolipaui, siendo imposible al mismo tiempo asignar una localidad geográfica concreta a este material. [ct] Teucrium pumilum i T. libanitis són dues espècies que han estat citades com a presents a la província de València des de mitjans del segle XX, sobre els guixos que afloren a la comarca de la Vall d’Aiora-Cofrents. L’anàlisi de les etiquetes dels plecs dels herbaris no és concloent; cap plec testimoni certificaria la pres

  20. Greenhouse gas budget from a rice paddy field in the Albufera of Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meijide, Ana; López-Ballesteros, Ana; Calvo-Roselló, Esperanza; López-Jiménez, Ramón; Recio-Huetos, Jaime; Calatayud, Vicent; Carrara, Arnaud; Serrano-Ortiz, Penelope

    2017-04-01

    Rice paddy fields are large sources of anthropogenic methane (CH4) and therefore many studies have assessed CH4 fluxes from rice paddy fields, mainly in Asia where most of the rice cultivation takes place. However, rice is also cultivated in the Mediterranean, where climatic and management conditions greatly differ. In the Albufera of Valencia, the largest freshwater lagoon in Spain, rice paddy fields have the particularity of being flooded not only while the rice grows, but also after the harvest during the winter. These flooding conditions might result in emissions which are very specific of this ecosystem, and cannot be extrapolated from other studies. We studied CH4 fluxes in a rice paddy field in the Albufera of Valencia at different stages of rice cultivation using the eddy covariance technique and static chambers. We additionally measured carbon dioxide (CO2), water fluxes and nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes with eddy covariance and chamber methods respectively, in order to obtain a full greenhouse gas (GHG) budget. Our study also aimed at providing a mechanistic understanding of GHG emissions at different stages of rice cultivation, and therefore we also used the Enhanced and Normalized Vegetation Indexes (EVI and NDVI, respectively), derived from remote sensing images. The general ecosystem functioning encompasses three different phases. The first one, over the autumn and the winter, a biological dormancy period causes low CO2 emissions (ca. 1-5 µmol m-2 s-1), which coincides with the EVI and NDVI. The intermittent flooding taking place during this period is expected to cause CH4 emissions. Then, during the spring months (March-May), larger CO2 respiratory emissions take place during the daytime (> 5 µmol m-2 s-1) due to an increase in air temperature, which turn to neutral at the end of spring due to the start of photosynthesis by the rice. The third phase corresponds to the vegetation growth, when the net CO2 uptake increases gradually up to maximum CO2

  1. Triásico medio de Bugarra (Valencia. España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márquez-Aliaga, A.

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available The Middle Triassic material sequence (Muschelkalk nearly the village of Bugarra (Meridional lberian Range, Valencia, Spain has been considered, in base its faunistic and litoestratigraphic aspects, as equivalent to the upper MuschelkaIk (M-3 of Catalan Ranges (Virgili, 1958. Several cycles, thickening and coarsening upward, made out the lower section, wich is formed by thin bedded micritic dolomites in its lower part. The same, D. cf. lommelii (WISS. and Nautiloidea are present in that. The upper section of the series correspond to a very shallow sediment in a inter-supra tidal environment. It is formed by micritic dolomite with stromatolites, criptoalgal laminites, mudcracks, tepees, rain pits and evaporite pseudomorphs. A very rich bivalves comunity is presento in the boundary between the upper and lower sections. It is represented by: Neoschizodus laevigatus (GOLD., Placunopsis teruelensis WURM, Bakevellia costata (SSHLO'TH., Pseudocorbula gregaria (MUNST.. The occurrence of D. cf. lommeli permit us to date the studied series as middle-upper Ladinian.

    La serie de los materiales del Triásico medio (Muschelkalk de las proximidades de la localidad de Bugarra, situada al noroeste de la provincia de Valencia, es, por su contenido faunístico y características litoestratigráficas, equivalente al Muschelkalk superior (M-3 de los Catalánides (Virgili, 1958. En esta serie se han diferenciado dos subtramos, El subtramo inferior está formado por varios ciclos "thickening and coarsening upward" con dolomía micrítica tableada en la parte inferior, conteniendo Daonella cf, lommeli (WISS. y dolomía bioclástica con Nautiloideos en la parte superior. El subtramo superior de la serie que corresponde a un depósito somero sedimentado en un ambiente inter-supralitoral. Consiste en dolomías micrítícas con estromatolitos, laminaciones criptoalgales, grietas de desecaci

  2. Soil Moisture Characterization of the Valencia Anchor Station. Ground, Aircraft Measurements and Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.; Antolin, M. C.; Balling, J.; Belda, F.; Bouzinac, C.; Camacho, F.; Cano, A.; Carbo, E.; Delwart, S.; Domenech, C.; Ferreira, A. G.; Fidalgo, A.; Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Marco, J.; Millan-Scheiding, C.; Narbon, C.; Rodriguez, D.; Saleh, K.; Sanchis, J.; Skou, N.; Sobjaerg, S.; Soriano, P.; Tamayo, J.; Tauriainen, S.; Torre, E.; Velazquez-Blazquez, A.; Wigneron, J.-P.; Wursteisen, P.

    In the framework of ESA SMOS Mission, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) has been selected as a core validation site. Its reasonable homogeneous characteristics make it appropriate to undertake the validation of SMOS Level 2 land products before attempting other more complex areas. Close to SMOS launch (2nd Nov. 2009), ESA defined the SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign Plan with the aim of testing the readiness, ensemble coordination and speed of operations, to be able to avoid as far as possible any unexpected deficiencies of the plan and procedure during the real Commissioning Phase campaigns.For the rehearsal activity which successfully took place in April - May 2008, a control area of 10 x 10 km2 was chosen at the VAS study area where a network of ground soil moisture (SM) measuring stations is being set up based on an original definition of homogeneous physio-hydrological units attending to climatic, soil type, lithology, geology, elevation, slope and vegetation cover conditions. Complementary to the ground measurements, flight operations were performed over this control area using the Helsinki University of Technology TKK Short Skyvan research aircraft which contained onboard a payload constituted of the following instruments: (i) L-band EMIRAD radiometer (Technical University of Denmark, TUD), (ii) L-band HUT-2D imaging interferometric radiometer (TKK), (iii) PARIS GPS reflectrometry system (Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, IEEC), (iv) IR sensor (Finnish Institute of Maritime Research, FIMR).Together with the ground SM measurements, other ground and meteorological measurements from the VAS area, kindly provided by other institutions, are currently been used to simulate passive microwave brightness temperature to obtain satellite "match ups" for validation purposes and to test the retrieval algorithms. The spatialization of the ground measurements up to a SMOS pixel is carried out by using the SURFace EXternalisée (SURFEX) model from Météo France

  3. La Casa de las Atarazanas de Valencia y Joan del Poyo (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iborra Bernad, Federico

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The construction of the House of the Dockyards in the coast line of the city by the local government was the result of the urban development policy of Valencia, showing that the city itself was centred in showing an image of propriety and beauty in every place, and also the influence of Martin I and his unsatisfied wishes of constructing a palace near the coast of Barcelona. Despite the fact that the original purpose of the building was to be used a warehouse of the port, the needs of the local government forced it to extend its functions turning it into a palace receiving prominent figures and being the emplacement of many ceremonies and banquets. The importance of the House of the Dockyards can be appreciated in its dimensions, as we can see in the engravings and landscapes illustrations of El Grao, and in the work produced by Joan del Poyo after returning from Barcelona, where he served the king Martin I, probably in the Royal Palace of the city.



    La construcción de la Casa de las Atarazanas en la línea litoral de la urbe por parte del gobierno municipal se debió tanto a la política urbanística emprendida por el patriciado urbano centrada en mostrar una imagen de belleza y decoro en todos sus frentes, como a la influencia que pudo haber ejercido Martín I en el reino de Valencia, y su deseo no satisfecho de edificar en Barcelona un palacio cercano a la costa. Aunque en un primer momento la finalidad del edificio fue la de servir de almacén de los productos del puerto, las necesidades de gobierno hizo ampliar sus funciones, asemejándose más a la de una casa o palacio, que acogería a personajes ilustres en su llegada marítima y sería el emplazamiento de ceremonias y ágapes. La importancia de la Casa de las Atarazanas se aprecia tanto en sus grandes dimensiones, como constatan los grabados e ilustraciones paisajísticas del

  4. Análisis constructivo y estructural de la catedral de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Llopis Pulido, V.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The cathedral of Valencia constructive characteristics make it a representative example of the Mediterranean Gothic: low slenderness, little height difference between the naves and limited voids dimension. These differences are explained from the present work, where a constructive study and a structural system analysis under gravity loads and seismic effects are shown. For the analysis a pushover method and a non-linear damage model have been used. The buttresses and diaphragms function will be patent with the Finite Element structural model modification which will progressively remove each one of these constructive elements. The results display a resistant capacity enough to face a seism of 450 years that gets worse if a return period of 950 years is considered. The need of the walls continuity trough the buttresses that turn into authentic diaphragm walls will be demonstrated.Las características constructivas de la catedral de Valencia la convierten en un ejemplo representativo del gótico mediterráneo: reducida esbeltez, escasa diferencia de altura entre las naves y limitadas dimensiones de huecos. Estas características se explican a partir del presente trabajo donde se muestra un estudio constructivo y un análisis del sistema estructural frente a cargas gravitatorias y efectos sísmicos. En el análisis se utiliza el método por empujes incrementales (pushover y el método no-lineal de modelo de daño. La función de arbotantes y diafragmas quedará patente con la modificación del modelo MEF que eliminará progresivamente cada uno de estos elementos constructivos. Los resultados muestran una suficiente capacidad resistente frente a un sismo con un período de retorno de 475 años que empeora si se considera de 950 años. Se evidenciará la necesidad de la continuidad muraria a través de los arbotantes que se convierten en auténticos muros diafragmáticos.

  5. ACCOUNTING MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE PORT AUTHORITY OF VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Giner Fillol

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Los puertos que disponen de una buena localización geográfica, gestión eficiente y servicios de valor añadido, tienen posibilidades de obtener un liderazgo a nivel internacional; como es el caso de la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia, que ocupa un lugar destacado en el ranking internacional de puertos de contenedores. Los sistemas de información deben estimular la curiosidad de las organizaciones, deben facilitar el proceso de la toma de decisiones participativas y deben incrementar la habilidad de la organización para hacer frente a los cambios en el entorno. Los cambios que se están produciendo en el entorno afectan plenamente a la organización y por lo tanto a sus sistemas de informáticos. A través del estudio de los Sistemas de Business Intelligence en la Autoridad Portuaria de Valencia, se busca reafirmar estas presunciones de los diversos autores analizados. Para finalizar se debe resaltar que para que la información contable, tanto de la contabilidad financiera como de la contabilidad de gestión, el aporte del valor al proceso estratégico de las empresas, deberá contribuir con éxito en los procesos estratégicos de las organizaciones, seleccionando aquellos aspectos de la gestión contable que son relevantes para la estrategia de las organizaciones (Álvarez-Dardet et al., 1999. La evolución y la transformación que han sufrido las empresas en las últimas décadas en cuanto al progreso tecnológico y la variación en los métodos de producción, plantea la posible obsolescencia de los sistemas de costes llamados convencionales. Estos sistemas tradicionales no tienen en cuenta el impacto que supone la automatización de los procesos productivos y el cambio sufrido en el peso específico de los diferentes componentes del coste del producto. Las organizaciones tienen que ir evolucionando la información contable hacia una orientación estratégica, para proporcionar apoyo al proceso estratégico empresarial, evolucionando el

  6. Rituales, descentramientos territoriales y niveles de identidad: La Semana Santa Marinera de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Pilán, Pedro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study how the processes of spatial and identity recomposition brought about by a globalized world affect traditional religious rituals, with particular reference to the Semana Santa Marinera processions in Valencia (Spain. Instead of the ritual giving rise to a single local identity, it can be seen that levels of local identity —while not disappearing— overlap more and more with increasingly vague new territorialities ranging from processional networks based on canon law to state-organized meetings. Media coverage of the ritual means that new virtual communities with no fixed territorial base are created, and the complexity of this phenomenon further increases with the creation of virtual online communities. The spatial decentration of ritual, therefore implies the creation of new forms of identity constructed along hybrid and cross-sectional lines, thereby strengthening the process of secularization.

    El propósito del artículo es estudiar los procesos de recomposición identitaria y espacial que la modernidad globalizada opera sobre los rituales religiosos tradicionales, a partir del caso de la Semana Santa Marinera de Valencia (España. Frente a la visión del ritual como reproductor de una única identidad local, se constata cómo los niveles de identidad locales, sin desaparecer, se ven progresivamente solapados con nuevas territorialidades de base cada vez más incierta, que incluyen desde redes de procesiones basadas en el derecho canónico hasta encuentros de extensión estatal. Por fin, la proyección mediática del ritual supone la creación de nuevas comunidades virtuales y desterritorializadas, fenómeno cuya complejidad se incrementa con la creación de comunidades virtuales a través de Internet. El descentramiento espacial del ritual supone así la activación de nuevas formas de identidad, construidas de manera híbrida y transversal, y refuerza su proceso de secularización.

  7. The Sustainability of Mediterranean Port Areas: Environmental Management for Local Regeneration in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filomena Borriello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Urban renovation projects, which have led to the conversion of port areas through a new vision of waterfronts as elements of the potential development of the urban system in its entirety, have spread since the early 1950s and now some port cities are able to trigger some mechanisms which, even if they are the result of some processes that have been activated for decades and which are still evolving, are able to amplify and to extend over time their generated positive impacts. These impacts also produce a system of relations in the context of the hinterland, attracted also by policies of economic, social, and cultural development. In the case of the city of Valencia, we have seen, in the last 50 years, a progressive spread of the urbanized area to the coasts, simultaneously with a process of renovation of the port area, which has been populated by important architectures, and which has been equipped by efficient infrastructures and subjected to numerous recovery and restoration operations of its historic buildings. However, the environmental conditions near the port area are not well suited to a good quality of life because ports are pollution producers, sites of urban decay, and of social degradation. A good plan can include some instruments to decrease those negative factors, leading to a close merging between the port area and the city hinterland, and generating new economies. The proposal of this research consists in a method of integrating the port planning with an environmental accounting system.

  8. Determinants of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Vila-Candel

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain. Methods Observational retrospective study in 200 pregnant women, 100 vaccinated and 100 unvaccinated, were interviewed during the 2014/2015 vaccination campaign. Electronic medical records, immunization registry and telephone interviews were used to determine reasons for vaccination and immunization rejection. Results 40.5% of pregnant women in the health department were vaccinated. The midwife was identified as source of information for 89% of women. The vaccine was rejected due to low perceptions of risk of influenza infection (23%, lack of information (19%, considering the vaccine as superfluous (16%, close proximity of delivery date (13% and fear of side effects (12%. Conclusion Pregnant women in Spain declined to be vaccinated due to under-estimation of the risk of contracting or being harmed by influenza, and lack of information. Interventions aiming to optimize vaccination coverage should include information addressing the safety and effectiveness of the current vaccine together with improved professional training and motivation.

  9. Determinants of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vila-Candel, R; Navarro-Illana, P; Navarro-Illana, E; Castro-Sánchez, E; Duke, Kiri; Soriano-Vidal, F J; Tuells, J; Díez-Domingo, J

    2016-11-21

    In most countries the coverage of seasonal influenza vaccination in pregnant women is low. We investigated the acceptance, reasons for rejection and professional involvement related to vaccine information in pregnant women in Valencia, Spain. Observational retrospective study in 200 pregnant women, 100 vaccinated and 100 unvaccinated, were interviewed during the 2014/2015 vaccination campaign. Electronic medical records, immunization registry and telephone interviews were used to determine reasons for vaccination and immunization rejection. 40.5% of pregnant women in the health department were vaccinated. The midwife was identified as source of information for 89% of women. The vaccine was rejected due to low perceptions of risk of influenza infection (23%), lack of information (19%), considering the vaccine as superfluous (16%), close proximity of delivery date (13%) and fear of side effects (12%). Pregnant women in Spain declined to be vaccinated due to under-estimation of the risk of contracting or being harmed by influenza, and lack of information. Interventions aiming to optimize vaccination coverage should include information addressing the safety and effectiveness of the current vaccine together with improved professional training and motivation.

  10. [Application of the Community Assessment Risk Screen in Primary Care centres of the Valencia Health System].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ródenas, Francisco; Garcés, Jorge; Doñate-Martínez, Ascensión; Zafra, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    Application of The Community Assessment Risk Screen (CARS) tool for detection of chronic elderly patients at risk of hospital readmission and the viability study for its inclusion in health information systems. Retrospective cohort study. Health Departments 6, 10, and 11 from the Valencia Community. Patients of 65 and over seen in 6 Primary Care centres in December 2008. The sample consisted of 500 patients (sampling error=±4.37%, sampling fraction=1/307). The CARS tools includes 3items: Diagnostics (heart diseases, diabetes, myocardial infarction, stroke, COPD, cancer), number of prescribed drugs and hospital admissions or emergency room visits in the previous 6months. The data came from SIA-Abucasis, GAIA and MDS, and were compared by Primary Care professionals. The end-point was hospital admission in 2009. CARS risk levels are related to future readmission (P<.001). The value of sensitivity and specificity is 0.64; the tool accurately identifies patients with low probability of being hospitalized in the future (negative predictive value=0.91, diagnostic efficacy=0.67), but has a positive predictive value of 0.24. CARS does not properly identify the population at high risk of hospital readmission. However, if it could be revised and the positive predictive value improved, it could be incorporated into the Primary Care computer systems and be useful in the initial screening and grouping of chronic patients at risk of hospital readmission. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  11. Furrow-irrigated chufa crops in Valencia (Spain. II: Performance analysis and optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Pascual-Seva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chufa (Cyperus esculentus L. var. sativus Boeck. is a traditional crop in the Mediterranean region of Spain, where it is only furrow irrigated. This article analyzes the irrigation performance for this crop, conducting field studies over three consecutive seasons in Valencia (Spain. Irrigation schedule was based on the volumetric soil water content, which was measured with capacitance sensors. Infiltrability was measured with blocked-furrow infiltrometers. An area velocity flow module measured the water flow, the cross-sectional geometry of furrows was determined using furrow profilometers, and times for advance and recession were recorded. WinSRFR software was used to analyze every irrigation event, determining the application efficiency (AE and distribution uniformity of the minimum (DUmin, and to optimize the combination of furrow inflow (q and cut-off time (Tco. Average values obtained for AE were 30.1%, 25.6%, and 26.7% in 2007, 2008, and 2009, respectively, and the corresponding DUmin values were 0.54, 0.61, and 0.67. Optimized results showed that it is possible to reach AE and DUmin values up to 87% and 0.86, respectively. However, understanding the q-Tco relationship that maximizes both AE and DUmin is more important than knowing the specific values. A function that related q and Tco was obtained for the typical plot dimensions, and this was validated in 2011. Therefore, this function can be used in most of the plots in the cultivation area.

  12. An empirical model of erythemal ultraviolet radiation in the city of Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, J C; Serrano, M A; Lorente, M; Cañada, J; Utrillas, M P

    2013-09-01

    This paper presents an improved empirical model that predicts ultraviolet erythemal radiation (UVER) and considers all aspects of atmospheric conditions in Valencia, Spain. The analyzed model is a potential function whose dependent variable is UVER radiation and independent variables are the clearness index and slant ozone column. A potential regression function with all the information contributed a small coefficient of determination and one chose to use a regression potential-exponential mathematical form which improved the coefficient of similar determination. A study was carried out on the influence of season on the regression parameters. This was found to be considerable due to the clearness index. The convergence between the values calculated by the model and the experimental values was analyzed using the mean bias error (MBE) and mean absolute bias error (MABE) statistical parameters. The clearness index and ozone column intervals were analyzed and found to give an improved prediction of the UVER clearness index using regression analysis. Also, a sensitivity analysis was performed on the regression coefficients and parameters. It is important to study the effects of UVER radiation predicted by the model on human health or on agriculture crop growth and yield.

  13. The biology and ecology of Valencia letourneuxi Sauvage 1880 (Valenciidae - Prospects for conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. BARBIERI

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Data are provided on the distribution, abundance, early development and biology of the endangered Greek endemic species Valencia letourneuxi Sauvage 1880, along with a record of its occurrence at new localities. V. letourneuxi is a small-bodied and short-lived insectivorous species, exhibiting cryptic colouration and sexual dimorphism. It matures in the first year of life, reproduces serially in late spring and summer, and deposits spherical eggs, around 2 mm, on aquatic plants. Most morphometric characters show size-specific trends, which complicate comparisons among populations or with other species. Of specific systematic importance is the relative position of the anal and dorsal fins, which remains almost unaltered throughout development, and allows safe distinction from A. fasciatus. The species was found mostly in deep areas with clean and slow running water, usually associated with freshwater springs. Rich submerged vegetation is the prominent ecological feature of all sites in which the species was found. Using as criteria of rarity the limited geographic distribution, the confinement of the species in few localities of each aquatic system and the low local densities, V. letourneuxi can be characterised as a "restricted and locally rare species". The restricted distribution, coupled with the narrow ecological requirements, makes the species vulnerable to extinction. Its disappearance from at least four aquatic systems and the serious population decline in a number of other systems seems to be connected with habitat loss or degradation caused by human activities. The prospects of conservation are discussed.

  14. LC-MS characterization of contemporary pesticides in PM10 of Valencia Region, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coscollà, Clara; Hart, Elizabeth; Pastor, Agustín; Yusà, Vicent

    2013-10-01

    Pesticides in the inhalable fraction of particulate matter (PM10) should be well tracked in order to contribute information to future exposure assessment in individuals of the general public. A total of 40 current-used pesticides and metabolites were searched for in ambient air samples collected from January through December 2010. The samples were taken from one remote, one urban and three rural sites in Valencia Region (Spain) and analyzed using liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in tandem (LC-MS/MS). In the PM10 fraction 17 pesticides and metabolites were detected overall, two of them currently banned (carbofuran and omethoate, although the latter is a metabolite of the permitted pesticide dimethoate). The detected pesticides appeared at frequencies ranging from 1 to 75%, with omethoate, terbuthylazine and its metabolites, and carbendazim presenting the highest frequencies. The concentrations detected ranged from few pg m-3 to thousands of pg m-3, with omethoate having the highest average concentration (141.15 pg m-3) in the 5 sites overall. Each station showed its own specific pesticide profile, which is linked to the different types of crops around each site. In the rural stations pesticide levels were greater in spring and early summer, which correlates with their application in agricultural practices. These findings suggest that more efforts are required to implement an extensive air monitoring network in Europe for pesticide control and to develop regulations or recommendations regarding safer pesticide levels in ambient air.

  15. GC-MS characterization of contemporary pesticides in PM10 of Valencia Region, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Elizabeth; Coscollà, Clara; Pastor, Agustín; Yusà, Vicent

    2012-12-01

    Better knowledge of the occurrence of pesticides in the inhalable fraction of particulate matter (PM10) could be very useful for future exposure assessment in individuals of the general public. The present work studies the spatial and temporal distribution of the occurrence of currently used pesticides (CUPs) in PM10. Ambient air samples were collected from January through December 2010 at one remote, one urban and three rural sites in Valencia Region (Spain) and analyzed for 42 CUPs using a gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry in tandem (GC-MS/MS) approach. Overall, 24 pesticides were detected in the PM10 fraction, four of them currently banned pesticides. Among those detected, concentrations of two particle-bound pesticides (permethrin and pyrimethanil) were, to our knowledge, reported for the first time in air in the literature. The detected pesticides appeared at frequencies ranging from agricultural practices, mostly in spring and early summer. These findings suggest that more efforts are required to implement an extensive air monitoring network in Europe for pesticide control and to develop regulations or recommendations regarding pesticide levels in ambient air.

  16. Electronic nose application for determination of Penicillium digitatum in Valencia oranges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallottino, Federico; Costa, Corrado; Antonucci, Francesca; Strano, Maria Concetta; Calandra, Mariarosaria; Solaini, Silvia; Menesatti, Paolo

    2012-07-01

    Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum are responsible for one the most serious diseases occurring during storage of citrus fruits. Its early detection allows a relevant increase in shelf life, and in situ monitoring of fungal infections represents a very efficient tool to improve storage quality. In the case of metabolic alterations due to physiological or fungal pathologies, olfactometric analysis allows the detection of specific volatile biomarkers, thus providing an effective tool for postharvest quality control of fruits and vegetables. A total of 300 Valencia oranges were analysed with an electronic nose and results were screened by a multivariate classification technique, partial least squares discriminant analysis, in order to investigate whether the electronic nose could distinguish between Penicillium-infected and non-infected samples and to evaluate the efficiency of the group classifications. High percentages of correct classification were obtained at low levels of infection (100% for 2-5% infection in an independent test). The electronic nose may be successfully applied as a reliable, non-destructive and non-contact indirect technology for the identification of fungal strains in storage rooms, especially when the infection occurs in small percentages that are not easily identifiable by classic methodologies of inspection. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

  17. Earthquake static stress transfer in the 2013 Gulf of Valencia (Spain) seismic sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saló, Lluís; Frontera, Tànit; Goula, Xavier; Pujades, Luis G.; Ledesma, Alberto

    2017-09-01

    On 24 September 2013, an Ml 3.6 earthquake struck in the Gulf of Valencia (Spain) near the Mediterranean coast of Castelló, roughly 1 week after gas injections conducted in the area to develop underground gas storage had been halted. The event, felt by the nearby population, led to a sequence build-up of felt events which reached a maximum of Ml 4.3 on 2 October.Here, we study the role of static stress transfer as an earthquake-triggering mechanism during the main phase of the sequence, as expressed by the eight felt events. By means of the Coulomb failure function, cumulative static stress changes are quantified on fault planes derived from focal mechanism solutions (which act as both source and receiver faults) and on the previously mapped structures in the area (acting only as stress receivers in our modeling). Results suggest that static stress transfer played a destabilizing role and point towards an SE-dipping structure underlying the reservoir (or various with analogous geometry) that was most likely activated during the sequence. One of the previously mapped faults could be geometrically compatible, yet our study supports deeper sources. Based on this approach, the influence of the main events in the occurrence of future and potentially damaging earthquakes in the area would not be significant.

  18. Commercial Origanum compactum Benth. and Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume essential oils against natural mycoflora in Valencia rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santamarina, M Pilar; Roselló, Josefa; Sempere, Francisca; Giménez, Silvia; Blázquez, M Amparo

    2015-01-01

    Chemical composition of commercial Origanum compactum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oils and the antifungal activity against pathogenic fungi isolated from Mediterranean rice grains have been investigated. Sixty-one compounds accounting for more than 99.5% of the total essential oil were identified by using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Carvacrol (43.26%), thymol (21.64%) and their biogenetic precursors p-cymene (13.95%) and γ-terpinene (11.28%) were the main compounds in oregano essential oil, while the phenylpropanoids, eugenol (62.75%), eugenol acetate (16.36%) and (E)-cinnamyl acetate (6.65%) were found in cinnamon essential oil. Both essential oils at 300 μg/mL showed antifungal activity against all tested strains. O. compactum essential oil showed the best antifungal activity towards Fusarium species and Bipolaris oryzae with a total inhibition of the mycelial growth. In inoculated rice grains at lower doses (100 and 200 μg/mL) significantly reduced the fungal infection, so O. compactum essential oil could be used as ecofriendly preservative for field and stored Valencia rice.

  19. The 1957 Valencia flood: hydrological and sedimentological reconstruction and comparison to the current situation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Puertes

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to improve the knowledge of the flood that took place in Valencia, Spain, in 1957. In other words, the aim is to test if it is possible to explain the flood waves with the incorporation of sediment cycle to a distributed hydrological model. Furthermore, this work aims to be aware of the current consequences of a similar event, taking into account land use changes, particularly, the urban rise in the lower basin, and the current flood defenses of the city. To do this, the hydrological model was implemented in the current basin situation. Once implemented, a reconstruction of precipitation at hourly discretization for the 1957 event was made and the sedimentological sub-model was calibrated. Then, the hydrographs in the chosen points were obtained. Finally, a simulation using the 1957 precipitation in the current basin situation was made, in order to be aware of the current consequences.

  20. Use of Physio-Hydrological Units for SMOS Validation at the Valencia Anchor Station Study Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millán-Scheiding, C.; Antolín, C.; Marco, J.; Soriano, M. P.; Torre, E.; Requena, F.; Carbó, E.; Cano, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    The SMOS space mission will soil moisture over the continents and ocean surface salinity with the sufficient resolution to be used in global climate change studies. With the aim of validating SMOS land data and products at the Valencia Anchor Station site (VAS) in a Mediterranean Ecosystem area of Spain, we have designed a sample methodology using a subdivision of the landscape in environmental units related to the spatial variability of soil moisture (Millán-Scheiding, 2006; Lopez-Baeza, et al. 2008). These physio-hydrological units are heterogeneously structured entities which present a certain degree of internal uniformity of hydrological parameters. The units are delimited by integrating areas with the same physio-morphology, soil type, vegetation, geology and topography (Flugel, et al 2003; Millán-Scheiding et al, 2007). Each of these units presented over the same pedological characteristics, vegetation cover, and landscape position should have a certain degree of internal uniformity in its hydrological parameters and therefore similar soil moisture (SM). The main assumption for each unit is that the dynamical variation of the hydrological parameters within one unit should be minimum compared to the dynamics of another unit. This methodology will hopefully provide an effective sampling design consisting of a reduced number of measuring points, sparsely distributed over the area, or alternatively, using SM validation networks where each sampling point is located where it is representative of the mean soil moisture of a complete unit area. The Experimental Plan for the SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign at the VAS area of April-May 2008 used this environmental subdivision in the selection and sampling of over 21.000 soil moisture points in a control area of 10 x 10 km2. The ground measurements were carried out during 4 nights corresponding to a drying out period of the soil. The sampling consisted of 700 plots with 4 volumetric SM cylinders and 7 Delta-T Theta

  1. Luis Albert and the first urban plans of the Provincial Council of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Merlo Fuertes

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article will analyze the urban plans of those municipalities in the Province of Valencia that embraced the technical assistance given by the Provincial Council for the planning composition, at the time of Luis Albert Ballesteros, the provincial council architect. Those first urban plans of the Provincial Council make up a homogeneous set of documents since they respond to a unique style of urban planning that varies as much as the original core of the population does. The common element is the ground plan centrality that would be highlighted by an area or a protected green zone that will somehow link to the urban proposals connected to the city-garden model by Howard. Commencement of which began at a time characterized mainly by the co-existence of a great diversity of laws and percepts, making it so that the meaning of the term urban planning could be applied in a variety of ways. The urban plans of the Provincial Council represent the latest inheritance of the extension models and interior remodeling. In the transition to the Land Planning Act (Ley de Suelo of 1956, these plans have the interest in being, in addition to the last examples of the so-called urbanism in the municipal tradition, one of the ancestors of the current master plans of urban development (plan general de ordenación urbana.

  2. Performance of 'Valencia' sweet orange grafted in different rootstocks, Colombia Tropical Lowland. 2001-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Nicolas Chaparro-Zambrano

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available 'Valencia' sweet orange is widely cultivated in Colombian tropical lowlands, with low yields and a lack of technology. As a result, nine rootstocks commonly used in tropical zones: 'C-35', 'Carrizo', 'Swingle' citrumelo or CPB 4475, 'Cleopatra', 'Sunki × English', 'Volkamer', 'Webberi' and 'Yuma' were evaluated. The plants were established in 2001 and were evaluated for vegetative growth, fruit yield and quality for 10 years (2004-2013. The obtained results indicated that 'Sunki × English' and 'Volkamer' were the best rootstocks for fruit yield and the worst was 'Yuma'. Furthermore, all of the rootstocks, except 'Yuma', stabilized their height in the last year. In terms of volume, 'Amblycarpa' and 'Cleopatra' were the bigger plants and 'Yuma' was the smallest. In addition, for yield efficiency, 'Yuma' had the best rootstocks, followed by 'Sunki × English'. All of the rootstocks showed a similar fruit quality, except for 'Sunki × English', which obtained the highest total soluble solids/total titratable acids ratio.

  3. Los movimientos psico-espirituales en la modernidad globalizada. Una mirada desde la ciudad de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Albert Rodrigo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Desde la confluencia de diversas tradiciones espirituales y conocimientos procedentes del ámbito de la ciencia y la filosofía occidental, presentamos una primera exploración sobre la emergencia de una nueva realidad psico-físico-espiritual, que hemos detectado en distintos tipos de centros en la ciudad de Valencia: Centros de Terapias Holísticas, Tiendas de Productos Alternativos, Centros de Espiritualidad Oriental, entre otros. A partir de una metodología basada en la combinación de entrevistas en profundidad y observaciones nos hemos acercado a este proceso de reencantamiento del mundo, entendido como la emergencia global de una nueva espiritualidad holística, transversal y personal, que está generando unas nuevas coordenadas de lo que puede entenderse por religioso. Debido a la amplitud del fenómeno señalado en este artículo, nos hemos centrado en uno de los aspectos que a nuestro parecer se revelan fundamentales: el impacto que dichos movimientos implica en términos personales y colectivos.

  4. Energy saving and solar energy use in the University of Valencia (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Amo, J.L.; Tena, F.; Martinez-Lozano, J.A.; Utrillas, M.P. [Universitat de Valencia (Spain). Grupo de Radiacion Solar

    2004-04-01

    Recent years have seen increasing public interest in issues related to energy saving and concern for the environment. It is important to highlight the work of public institutions in this respect. This was the motive that led the University of Valencia to finance a pilot project with the objective of studying useful initiatives for optimising energy consumption in accordance with the institution's needs as well as the incorporation of innovative and more efficient technologies. The approach was to consider various aspects ranging from the analysis of the current energy consumption and the state of the installations, through the substitution of some energy inefficient components, to the study of the possible installation of a photovoltaic solar powered electricity generation station connected to the network. Also purely technical questions on economic efficiency should not be forgotten as this could lead to a reduction in energy consumption and the optimisation of the current energy consuming equipment, since generally, it is this question that limits the possible energy saving actions. (author)

  5. SUSTENTABILIDADE AMBIENTAL: UM ESTUDO NA AUTORIDADE PORTUÁRIA DE VALENCIA, ESPANHA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARTURO GINER FILLOL

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Even though with the great relevance of the ports for economical and social development of the countries, there is an issue that deserves attention of the managers and society. It is the fact that the port activities cause environmental impacts such as siltation in aquatic environs, changes in the fauna and flora, atmosphere emissions, solid waste generations and among others. In this context, the environmental information management is important as for the port managers as for society since it allows to know the impact level generated and the commitment level with the sustainability over the time. One of the ways to measure information is to verify the manager commitment levels with the environmental management. As a consequence of this understanding the present research aims to identify the environmental sustainability in Port Authority of Valencia (APV. As methodology, it is used an applied questionnaire to the top management of APV and it is held a content analyses of the Sustainability Report of APV to understand the commitment level with environmental aspects. The questionnaire application results show a great APV commitment with environmental aspects (Materials, Energy, Water, Biodiversity, Emissions, Wastewaters, Wastes, Administrative and judicial sanctions, Product and Service Impacts, Transport Impacts, Fines, Non-monetary Sanctions, Non-conformities, however, the Sustainability Report analyses shows that not all items are shown (80% is shown. It is also verified that the APV commitment is not limited to the speech or port environmental policy, but also to the items that show and evaluate the environmental aspect performances.

  6. Earthquake static stress transfer in the 2013 Gulf of Valencia (Spain seismic sequence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Saló

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available On 24 September 2013, an Ml 3.6 earthquake struck in the Gulf of Valencia (Spain near the Mediterranean coast of Castelló, roughly 1 week after gas injections conducted in the area to develop underground gas storage had been halted. The event, felt by the nearby population, led to a sequence build-up of felt events which reached a maximum of Ml 4.3 on 2 October.Here, we study the role of static stress transfer as an earthquake-triggering mechanism during the main phase of the sequence, as expressed by the eight felt events. By means of the Coulomb failure function, cumulative static stress changes are quantified on fault planes derived from focal mechanism solutions (which act as both source and receiver faults and on the previously mapped structures in the area (acting only as stress receivers in our modeling. Results suggest that static stress transfer played a destabilizing role and point towards an SE-dipping structure underlying the reservoir (or various with analogous geometry that was most likely activated during the sequence. One of the previously mapped faults could be geometrically compatible, yet our study supports deeper sources. Based on this approach, the influence of the main events in the occurrence of future and potentially damaging earthquakes in the area would not be significant.

  7. Comment to the sentence of the provincial audience of Valencia nº. 949/2011 826 23-11-2011: No registration in the civil register of the born minors by means of gestation by replacement Comentario a la sentencia de la audiencia provincial de Valencia núm. 949/2011 826 23-11/2011: No inscripción en el registro civil de los menores nacidos mediante gestación por sustitución

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvette Velarde D'Amil

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Judgement of the Provincial Court of Valencia is, currently, the latest link in a series of events which main issues are the willingness for paternage, the freedom of the parties to choose, the technology of human assissted reproduction (surrogacy and the legal status of children born by international surrogacy arrangements and its possible conflict with mandatory Spanish laws and with a series of general legal principles consecrated in the Spanish Constitution, such as the normative hierarchy, the non-commerciality of human being, the respect for their dignity, and the protection of the superior welfare of the minor, among others.La Sentencia de la Audiencia Provincial de Valencia es de momento, el último eslabón de una serie de hechos que tienen como cuestión de fondo el anhelo de la paternidad, la autonomía de la voluntad de las partes, la técnica de reproducción humana asistida denominada gestación por sustitución y la situación jurídica de los niños nacidos mediante acuerdos internacionales de maternidad subrogada y su posible contradicción con leyes imperativas españolas y con una serie de principios generales del Derecho consagrados por la Constitución Española, como la jerarquía normativa, la no comercialidad de la persona humana, el respeto a su dignidad, y la protección del interés superior del menor, entre otros.

  8. Prevalencias de exposición a riesgos laborales en trabajadoras embarazadas (proyecto INMA-Valencia Prevalence of exposure to occupational risks in pregnant Spanish workers (the INMA Project-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Carmen González-Galarzo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir las prevalencias de exposición declarada a riesgos laborales en mujeres embarazas y analizar su relación con características sociodemográficas y laborales a partir de la información recogida en la cohorte INMA-Valencia. Métodos: La cohorte INMA-Valencia se inicia en 2004 con 855 mujeres embarazadas residentes en la provincia de Valencia. En la semana 32 de gestación se recogió información, mediante entrevista personal con cuestionario estructurado, sobre características sociodemográficas (edad, nivel de estudios, país de nacimiento, condiciones de empleo (actividad, ocupación, tipo de contrato, tipo de jornada y exposición laboral autorreferida a carga física y riesgos psicosociales, físicos, químicos y biológicos, en las mujeres con un trabajo remunerado durante el embarazo (n=649. Resultados: Las prevalencias de exposición laboral declarada a carga física, riesgos psicosociales y riesgos físicos (incluyendo radiaciones no ionizantes fueron, respectivamente, del 56%, 63% y 62%. La prevalencia de exposición declarada a riesgos químicos (incluyendo productos de limpieza fue del 22%, y del 6% a los riesgos biológicos. En general, la exposición referida a riesgos laborales fue más frecuente en las mujeres más jóvenes, con nivel educativo bajo, no españolas y trabajadoras temporales y autónomas. Conclusiones: En este estudio se cuantifica por primera vez en España la prevalencia de exposición declarada a riesgos laborales en una muestra de base poblacional de mujeres embarazadas. Según los datos obtenidos parece necesario reforzar las medidas de vigilancia y control de estas exposiciones, algunas de ellas asociadas consistentemente con efectos negativos sobre la reproducción y el desarrollo.Objective: To describe the prevalence of exposure to occupational risks among pregnant women and analyze its relationship with personal and occupational characteristics using information collected in the

  9. Limits in medical care and social relief during the Spanish Civil war in a rear-guard city: the Inclusa of the Provincial Hospital of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier García Ferrandis

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to its geostrategic condition during the Spanish Civil War, Valencia became one of the Republican cities welcoming more refugees, including many children. In this scenario of demographic and health crisis, the town had to restructure the assistance network in order to accommodate thousands of displaced children, who often had their relatives in faraway places. The paper focuses in the progressive rehabilitation undertaken by the Inclusa of Valencia, which was the provincial foundling hospital. This included deep changes both in its operation and in the admission criteria, particularly following the transfer of the Inclusa of Madrid to Valencia. The resulting overcrowding encouraged the degradation of healthcare and the spread of infectious diseases among the welcomed children.

  10. Preliminary assessment of moss flora in Mt. Nebo, Valencia City, Bukidnon Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alven A. Manual

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Description and identification of the morphological characters of moss flora in Mt. Nebo, Valencia Bukidnon Philippines was conducted. Alpha taxonomy across the vicinity of Malingon Falls was employed. Diagnostic characteristics such as habitat, plant habit, leaf features (leaf arrangement, costa, base, apex, margin, cells, alar cells and sporophyte characters through microscopic examination were also conducted. Forty-two (42 species, twenty eight (28 genera and sixteen (16 families of moss in Mt.Nebo were recorded. Of these, family Hypnaceae is the most species-rich among the sixteen families with six (6 species namely: Ectropothecium buitenzorgii (Bel. Mitt., E. ferrugineum (C. Mull. Jaeg., E. striatulum Dix. ex Bartr., Isopterygium minutirameum (C. Mull. Jaeg., Isopterygium sp. and Trachythecium micropyxis (Broth. Bartr. Family Neckeraceae followed next with five (5 species collected: Himantocladium plumula (Nees Fleisch., Homaliodendron microdendron (Mont. Fleisch., Neckeropis gracilenta (Bosch & Lac. Fleisch., Neckeropis lepineana (Mont. Fleisch. and Pinatella ambigua (Bosch & Lac. Fleisch. Family Entodontaceae revealed four (4 species of mosses: Campylodontium flavescens (Hook. Bosch & Lac., Entodon bandongiae (C.Mull. Jaeg, Entodon sp., Erythrodontium julaceum (Schwaegr. Par.. Family Fissidentaceae, Leucobryaceae and Pottiaceae revealed three (3 species and two (2 species for the family Bartramiaceae, Meteoriaceae, Polytrichaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae and Thuidiaceae. Family Mniaceae, Orthotrichaceae, Phylloginiaceae and Racopilaceae are families with only one (1 species. Fifty percent (50% of the moss species collected were confined in tree trunk, twenty-four percent (24% were confined in moist rock respectively. The least habitat preferences were observed hanging (epiphytic to different substrate comprising five (5% of the total species collected in the area.

  11. Jurisdictional conflict in the early modern Valencia. Conflicting instances and solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa CANET APARISI

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} This work analyzes the different profiles of the jurisdictional conflict provoked inside the Kingdom of Valencia during the XVIth and XVIIth century. It establishes the reasons of the same ones and his protagonists and it also announces the institutional creations arisen to solve them. The obtained conclusions indicate the jurisdictional conflict (or of competitions as a very active element in the process of configuration of the administration of the early modern period; an effect obtained by the route of activating new forms of government across new institutions or changing the relation of hierarchy between the already existing.

  12. Deficit irrigation and maturation stage influence quality and flavonoid composition of 'Valencia' orange fruit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grilo, Filipa S; Di Stefano, Vita; Lo Bianco, Riccardo

    2017-04-01

    Effects of continuous deficit irrigation (DI) and partial rootzone drying (PRD) treatments (50% ETc) in comparison with full irrigation (CI, 100% ETc) were investigated during 'Valencia' orange fruit maturation. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to quantify hesperidin, narirutin, tangeritin, nobiletin, didymin and neoeriocitrin in the fruit juice and peel. No significant effect of irrigation was found on yield, juice soluble solids or acidity. Juice color was not influenced by irrigation or harvest date, whereas peel color increased during maturation and was more pronounced in CI and PRD fruits. Juice acidity reached a peak in May, while soluble solids increased linearly throughout maturation. Hesperidin was the major flavanone detected during maturation, with concentrations 200-fold higher in the fruit peel than in the juice. In the peel, narirutin, didymin and neoeriocitrin decreased while hesperidin, nobiletin and tangeritin increased with maturation. Narirutin synthesis in the orange fruit was insensitive to irrigation strategy. In fruit peels, PRD and DI induced the decline of hesperidin, nobiletin and tangeritin only in June, whereas in the juice, deficit irrigation treatments induced an increase in hesperidin and didymin. These results suggest that deficit irrigation, in particular the conditions imposed with PRD, may cause a significant accumulation shift of total flavonoids from the fruit peel into the juice, with a positive impact on juice quality and nutritional value. Fruit compositional changes during maturation also suggest that late harvest can improve fruit palatability and nutritional quality under the cultural and environmental conditions of this study. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  13. Pathology of morbillivirus infection in striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) from Valencia and Murcia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duignan, P J; Geraci, J R; Raga, J A; Calzada, N

    1992-01-01

    During the summer and fall of 1990 hundreds of striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba) died in the Spanish Mediterranean as a result of morbillivirus infection. A pathological investigation was carried out on dolphins from Valencia and Murcia which were among the first to die in the epizootic. The dolphins were in poor body condition and pneumonia was the main necropsy finding. Microscopic lung lesions characterized by necrosis of bronchial and bronchiolar epithelium and infiltration of alveoli with macrophages, lymphocytes, neutrophils and multinucleated syncytia were seen in most dolphins. Cytoplasmic and nuclear eosinophilic viral inclusions were present in bronchial and bronchiolar epithelium and in syncytia. Focal granulomatous inflammation associated with nematodes was also present. Brain lesions included diffuse degeneration and necrosis of neurons, microgliosis, perivascular cuffing, formation of syncytia and focal demyelination. Cytoplasmic and nuclear eosinophilic inclusions were present in neurons and glial cells. There was severe lymphoid necrosis and depletion of spleen and lymph nodes and syncytia also occurred in lymph nodes. Biliary and transitional epithelium contained nuclear and cytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions. Immunoperoxidase staining using monoclonal antibodies to phocine distemper virus confirmed the presence of morbillivirus antigens in lung and brain. The distribution and severity of lesions in striped dolphins are similar to those of distemper in seals, harbor porpoises and terrestrial mammals. The formation of syncytia in the lung and brain may be a useful pathological indicator of morbillivirus infection and may be used in the investigation of pinniped and cetacean strandings in North America. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. Fig. 6. PMID:1423061

  14. [Evaluation of school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorens-Ivorra, Cristóbal; Arroyo-Bañuls, Ilona; Quiles-Izquierdo, Joan; Richart-Martínez, Miguel

    2017-03-20

    To evaluate school menu food balance in the Autonomous Community of Valencia (Spain) by means of a questionnaire. Observational cross-section study. For convenience it shows of 255 monthly school menus (20 days each). size of the city the school is in, province, location (coast vs. inland), ownership (public vs. private), design of the menu (company vs. school) and month (May vs. October). The 17-item EQ-MEs questionnaire was used as a tool to measure balance. Differences in the balance of the menus and the average of monthly servings were compared, taking into account the different levels of the independent variables. The average of the balance index obtained was 9.19 points (range: 0-17). Approximately 78.4% of menus were designed by companies. Approximately 60.4% were classified as suitable and 0.8% as balanced. The menus designed by companies obtained a higher score (9.49) than those designed by schools (8.13). Menus in Castellón (10.35) achieved a higher score than those in Alicante (9.43) and Valencia (8.86). Only 3.1% of the studied menus met serving recommendations in terms of meat, 37.6% met pulses serving recommendations, 49.4% met fish serving recommendations and 37% met fruit serving recommendations. With the EQ-MEs questionnaire, most of the menus offered in the Autonomous Community of Valencia are suitable for children. To improve them, they should reduce fried potato, rice, pasta, meat, fried food and dairy product servings, while increasing pulses, fish, oily fish and fruit servings. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  15. Un estudio sobre los jóvenes de Valencia : una nueva aproximación sociológica

    OpenAIRE

    Beltrán Llavador, José; Esteban, Fernando Osvaldo; Gabaldón Estevan, Daniel; Bernad i Garcia, Joan Carles; Martínez Morales, Ignacio; Pecourt, Juan; Colom i Ortiz, Ferran; Villar Aguilés, Alícia

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo se enmarca dentro de las políticas locales de juventud y pretende proporcionar algunos indicadores –en el sentido de indicios, de claves de comprensión– para las acciones que se inicien en el próximo Plan de Juventud de la ciudad de Valencia. La estructura del estudio responde básicamente al esquema organizativo planteado por el propio Plan Municipal de Juventud 2009-2012 en sus diferentes áreas y subáreas, pero adaptado a la nueva y reciente estructura con las que se quiere abor...

  16. Tentativas de suicidio en el municipio de Valencia: evolución y distribución urbana.

    OpenAIRE

    J Gimeno Adelantado; Manuel Gómez Beneyto

    1993-01-01

    Se analizan las tentativas de suicidio registradas en los hospitales públicos del municipio de Valencia desde 1982 a 1985. La evolución temporal indica un mantenimiento de las tasas anuales, con un incremento relativo de la proporción de hombres y de los intervalos de edad de 15 a 29 y más de 60. La sobredosis de medicamentos tiende a disminuir, así como los ingresos, tanto en sala como en UCI. La distribución urbana revela la existencia de tres áreas de alto riesgo barrios "artificiales" cre...

  17. EVALUACIÓN EMOCIONAL PROTOTÍPICA DE MÚSICA DE VALENCIA AFECTIVA POSITIVA Y NEGATIVA

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel Blanca; Sofía Quesada; Thomas Castelain; Vanessa Smith-Castro; Rolando Pérez Sánchez

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación estudió las asociaciones implícitas entre prototipos de emociones y música de valencia afectiva positiva (música alegre, tempo rápido) y negativa (música triste, tempo lento). Para ello se recurrió a una versión modificada del Test de As ociaciones Implícitas, el cual se aplicó a 59 estudiantes universitarios, entre los 18 y los 23 años, (56 % mujeres). Los resultados mostraron que los participantes categorizaron más rápidamente adjetivos vinculados con afectos de alegría o...

  18. Chronicles of rice, mosquitoes and malaria in Spain: the case of the province of Valencia (18th-20th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Bueno Marí

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the situation of the rice fields in the Valencia province (Eastern Spain during the centuries XVIII-XX. This area, together with the region of Campo Arañuelo (Western Spain, is one of the territories with highest malaria prevalence during the Spain's Modern History. Medical, demographic, social, economic and legal issues related with the problematic of the rice during this epoch are also discussed. Furthermore, this article provides information about the supposed transmission mechanisms of the disease, as well as the fight against it through chemotherapeutic and environmental sanitation techniques.

  19. La Biblioteca General de la Diputación de Valencia: evolución histórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reig Ferrer, Ana María

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La Diputación de Valencia, a lo largo de su historia, creó instituciones que potenciaron la cultura valenciana, además de apoyar y promocionar el libro valenciano, consciente de su papel como impulsora y difusora de su identidad local. La Biblioteca Provincial, creada en 1926, pretendió ser un espacio de difusión cultural, pero la falta de un espacio propio y la diversificación de proyectos impidieron que pudiera ser el germen de la futura biblioteca nacional valenciana.

  20. El ayuntamiento de Valencia a principios del S. XIX : tres modelos de organización 1800-1814

    OpenAIRE

    Hernando Serra, María Pilar

    2000-01-01

    RESUMEN La guerra de la Independencia consolidaba el inicio de la nueva época. La estructura del Estado cambió sustancialmente, y dentro de ella, también el poder municipal. El ayuntamiento valenciano, en poco tiempo, sufrió importantes transformaciones. La guerra que se había iniciado en 1808 y la constitución de 1812 de alguna manera acabaron con los modos y las formas del Antiguo Régimen. En esta tesis se estudia el ayuntamiento de Valencia durante los primeros años del siglo XIX para a...

  1. Un estudio sobre la praxis docente del violonchelo en los conservatorios profesionales de la provincia de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Botella Nicolás, Ana María; Fuster Martínez, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    El presente estudio tiene como objetivo conocer la metodología empleada en la especialidad de violonchelo en los conservatorios de enseñanzas profesionales de la provincia de Valencia. El instrumento de recogida de la información ha sido el cuestionario y la muestra ha estado formada por 34 profesores de 22 conservatorios. Se ha empleado una metodología de complementación, tanto cualitativa como cuantitativa. Los resultados muestran que a pesar de existir algunas coincidencias en la forma y h...

  2. The Minorca Basin: a buffer zone between the Valencia and Liguro-Provençal Basins (NW Mediterranean Sea)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellen, Romain; Aslanian, Daniel; Rabineau, Marina; Leroux, Estelle; Gorini, Christian; Silenziario, Carmine; Blanpied, Christian; Rubino, Jean-Loup

    2017-04-01

    The present-day compartmented Mediterranean physiography is inherited from the last 250 Ma kinematic plate evolution (Eurasian, Africa, Iberic and Nubia plates) which implied the formation of orogenic chains, polyphased basins, and morphological - geodynamic thresholds. The interactions between these entities are strongly debated in the North-Western Mediterranean area. Several Neogene reconstructions have been proposed for the Valencia basin depending of the basin segmentation where each model imply a different subsidence, sedimentary, and palaeo-environmental evolution. Our study propose a new kinematic model for the Valencia Basin (VB) that encompasses the sedimentary infill, vertical movement and basin segmentation. Detailed analyses of seismic profiles and boreholes in the VB reveal a differentiated basin, the Minorca Basin (MB), lying between the old Mesozoic Valencia Basin sensu strico (VBss) and the young Oligocene Liguro-Provencal Basin (LPB) (Pellen et al., 2016). The relationship between these basins is shown through the correlation of four Miocene-to-present-day megasequences. The Central and North Balearic Fracture Zones (CFZ and NBFZ) that border the MB represent two morphological and geodynamical thresholds that created an accommodation in steps between the three domains. Little to no horizontal Neogene movements have been found for the Ibiza and Majorca Islands and imply a vertical "sag" subsidence. In contrast, the counterclockwise movement of the Corso-Sardinian blocks induced a counterclockwise movement of the Minorca block towards the SE along the CFZ and NBFZ, during the exhumation of lower continental crust in the LPB. The South-Eastward Minorca block translation stops when the first atypical oceanic crust occurs. The influence of the Neogene Betic compressional phase is thus limited to the VBss on the basis of a different MB origin. This new understanding places the AlKaPeCa blocks northeastward of the present-day Alboran Area. Both NW-SE and

  3. Analysis of the authors' rights collection frontier using PCA-MDEA: an application to the valencia region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Marco-Serrano

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to estimate the authors' rights collection frontier within the collection zones into which the Valencia Region (Spain has been divided. To be more exact, a nonparametric frontier technique (Modified Data Envelopment Analysis, MDEA and the Principal Components Analysis (PCA are jointly employed to map out an initial approach to the potential authors' rights collection within this region (as divided into collection zones. The analysis has been carried out both jointly and by majority sectors (performing, musical, and audio-visual arts.

  4. Urban expansión of the Valencia Metropolitan Area during the period 1984-2011 from Landsat TM and ETM+ imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Fernández-Gimeno

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The accelerated urban expansion produced in large metropolitan areas such as Valencia Metropolitan Area in recent decades has important environmental impacts including “soil sealing” and the loss of valuable natural areas. The aim of this paper is to analyze the evolution of artificial soil in the Metropolitan Area of Valencia (AMV between 1984-2011 using Landsat TM and ETM+ images, that have been validated from SIOSE data with larger spatial resolution. Results point out, with an accuracy of 71%, that artificial surface raised in 8000 ha which represents an increase of 10% for sealing soil and 34% of the whole land covers of the AMV.

  5. PROPUESTA DE DISEÑO DE UN MANUAL DE PROCEDIMIENTOS EN LA INSPECCIÓN DE SERVICIOS SANITARIOS DE XÀTIVA (VALENCIA)

    OpenAIRE

    SÁNCHEZ VÍLCHEZ, MARÍA

    2012-01-01

    El Trabajo Fin de Carrera (TFC) consiste en la realización de una propuesta de mejora para la elaboración de un Manual de Procedimientos en la Inspección de Servicios Sanitarios de Xàtiva (Valencia) y responde a la realización del Prácticum, asignatura del último curso de la titulación de Gestión y Administración Pública (GAP). Dentro de la Inspección de Servicios Sanitarios de Xàtiva (Valencia) se carece de un manual de procedimientos, lo cual es de vital importancia para el desarrollo de la...

  6. The Valencia Anchor Station: 10 Years of Uninterrupted Scientific Activity on Validation of Low Resolution Remote Sensing Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    2012-07-01

    The Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) was set up by the University of Valencia at the very end of the year 2001 and started its operations on 1st January 2002. Since then, uninterruptedly, the Climatology from Satellites Group has developed a constant activity addressed to the difficult task of characterizing an area sufficiently large as to serve as a reference site for the scientific validation of current low spatial resolution remote sensing instruments such as CERES (Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System), GERB (Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget), SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) and of other closely forthcoming such as the Broadband Radiometer (BBR) on board EarthCARE (Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer), and the microwave instruments on board SMAP (Soil Moisture Active and Passive). All these instruments have in common their large footprint size for which a large validation area of the order of 50 x 50 km2 needs to be robustly equipped and fully characterized from different viewpoints such as soils, vegetation, atmospheric parameters, etc. This presentation shows the fundamentals of the methodologies used for the validation of radiation and soil moisture, a brief summary of the field campaigns developed for the characterization of the site in the context of the models used and some of the achievements so far obtained. The paper emphasizes the role of the collaborative interdisciplinary international teams associated to the Climatology from Satellites Group in the framework of he different Missions and Agencies to make it possible to achieve significant and useful results.

  7. Quality of 'Delta Valencia' orange grown in semiarid climate and stored under refrigeration after coating with wax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerlândia da Silva Pereira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The effects of carnauba-based wax on the quality of 'Delta Valencia' orange produced in Ceará state, Brazil, were studied. The fruits were coated with carnauba-based wax and refrigerated (7 ± 2 ºC and 85 ± 2% R.H. for 28 days. The quality attribute parameters assessed were weight loss, peel color (brightness, hue angle, and chromaticity, peel moisture, pH, soluble solids (SS, titratable acidity (TA, SS/TA ratio, ascorbic acid, total soluble sugars, reducing sugars, yellow flavonoids, and polyphenols. The results showed that 'Delta Valencia' oranges grown in the dry climate of Ceará state has excellent quality. The coated fruits lost mass at a lower rate than the the control fruits. No significant loss of soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, and SS/TA ratio was observed, while ascorbic acid, soluble sugars, reducing sugars, yellow flavonoids, and polyphenols increased during storage in both the coated and control fruits. Carnauba-based wax coated fruits showed no signal of dehydration keeping their shiny green peel up to the end of the storage. The use of coating was crucial for the maintenance of visual quality by reducing mass loss, as well as keeping peel moisture.

  8. Análisis del color y el soleamiento en las Torres de Quart de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torres, A.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In the Towers of Quart (s. XV in the city of Valencia (Spain, an exhaustive chromatic measurement has been done of the remains of colour pigment found on the three distinct materials used in the external facade walls. The sun lighting exposure on the building surfaces has also been studied. The paper describes and justifies the process for making an accurate study of the state of the colour and its illumination by the sun, which enables guidelines to be established for renovation works on the monument.

    En las Torres de Quart (s. XV de la ciudad de Valencia, se ha desarrollado un exhaustivo trabajo de medición cromática de los restos de pigmentos existentes en las fachadas extramuros del edificio, sobre tres estratos materiales de distinta naturaleza. Asimismo, se ha estudiado la incidencia de la luz solar sobre las superficies del edificio. Se describe y justifica el proceso llevado a cabo para la obtención de un documento gráfico preciso del estado del color y su iluminación que permita establecer un protocolo de actuación para intervenir en el monumento.

  9. Lagged effects of the Mistral wind on heavy precipitation through ocean-atmosphere coupling in the region of Valencia (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berthou, Ségolène; Mailler, Sylvain; Drobinski, Philippe; Arsouze, Thomas; Bastin, Sophie; Béranger, Karine; Lebeaupin Brossier, Cindy

    2016-05-01

    The region of Valencia in Spain has historically been affected by heavy precipitation events (HPEs). These HPEs are known to be modulated by the sea surface temperature (SST) of the Balearic Sea. Using an atmosphere-ocean regional climate model, we show that more than 70 % of the HPEs in the region of Valencia present a SST cooling larger than the monthly trend in the Northwestern Mediterranean before the HPEs. This is linked to the breaking of a Rossby wave preceding the HPEs: a ridge-trough pattern at mid-levels centered over western France associated with a low-level depression in the Gulf of Genoa precedes the generation of a cut-off low over southern Spain with a surface depression over the Alboran Sea in the lee of the Atlas. This latter situation is favourable to the advection of warm and moist air towards the Mediterranean Spanish coast, possibly leading to HPEs. The depression in the Gulf of Genoa generates intense northerly (Mistral) to northwesterly (Tramontane/Cierzo) winds. In most cases, these intense winds trigger entrainment at the bottom of the oceanic mixed layer which is a mechanism explaining part of the SST cooling in most cases. Our study suggests that the SST cooling due to this strong wind regime then persists until the HPEs and reduces the precipitation intensity.

  10. El oratorio de San Felipe Neri y la controversia sobre las comedias en la Valencia del siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Callado Estela, Emilio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyzes some of the religious implications deriving from the famous controversy about the legality or illegality of theatre in the 17th century and in the city of Valencia. The question arose from an episode in which Don Luis Crespi de Borja was directly implicated. Crespi was the founder of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri in the Valencian region and a persistent fighter against comedy. As a consequence of his position in this affair members of the Oratory were pursued by other ecclesiastical sectors favouring theatre.

    El presente artículo analiza algunas de la implicaciones religiosas de la famosa controversia sobre la licitud o ilicitud del teatro, en el siglo XVII y en la ciudad de Valencia, a partir de un episodio protagonizado por don Luis Crespí de Borja, fundador del Oratorio de San Felipe Neri en tierras valencianas y consumado azote de las comedias, cuyo posicionamiento en este particular valdría a los oratorianos la persecución por parte de otros sectores eclesiásticos partidarios del arte escénico.

  11. Study and Evaluation of the Alcublas (Valencia, Spain) forest fire of Summer 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora Sanchez, Francisco; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    This work studies and quantifies the forest fire that took place in the province of Valencia, Spain, that particularly affected the municipality of Alcublas. This fire was one of the most intense and catastrophic fires that extended over the Valencian Community. Besides quantifying the area affected by the fire according to a severity index, the analysis was carried out from different viewpoints, namely land use, municipal, and cadastral. The data used were, on the one hand, two images from Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) satellite, respectively before and after the fire. On the other hand, we also used CORINE Land Cover 2006 Land Use data, a digital terrain model (DTM), the cadastre or land registration from Alcublas and the Spanish topographic map at scale 1:25000 (MTN25). The method used consisted of different steps: atmospheric correction of the images with the dark-object subtraction technique, topographic correction of the images with a 5 m resolution DTM and the Minnaert method, and the elimination of the Landsat 7 Scan Line Corrector (SLC-off) effect by using the Delaunay triangulation method. Once the images were corrected, we computed the Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR) to highlight and characterise the areas that were burnt by means of a standard severity index. The estimation of the affected area was done through the difference of the images respectively before and after the fire that was also trimmed off to actually obtain the affected area. Once the forest fire was classified, the total affected area was estimated for each severity index and overlaid the Spanish topographic map (1:25000) thus being able to calculate the affected area for each municipality, land use and cadastrial property. The total burnt area was 19910 ha, the most affected municipality -in extension- was Andilla with 4966 ha. But the most significant one was precisely Alcublas with 60,64% of its area burnt. The area burnt for each land use was also estimated according to

  12. EFECTO DEL ENCALADO EN EL CULTIVO DE NARANJA VALENCIA EN LA ZONA NORTE DE COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloy Molina

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó el efecto del encalado en el ren- dimiento de naranja Valencia y en la fertilidad de un Ultisol de la Zona Norte de Costa Rica. Se utilizó 3 materiales de encalado: CaCO3 de granulometría gruesa; CaCO3 de granulometría fina; y una mezcla física de 85% de CaCO3 y 15% de óxido de magnesio, cada uno de ellos en dosis de 1, 2 y 3 t ha-1, y un testigo sin cal, en un diseño de Bloques Completos al Azar y 4 repeticiones. Se hicieron 4 cosechas de fruta entre 1994 y 1998, y 3 muestreos de suelo y tejido foliar (6, 12 y 24 meses después de aplicar la cal. La aplicación de cal tuvo un efecto significativo en la fertilidad del suelo; al aumentar la dosis se incrementó el contenido de Ca intercambiable, y se redujo la acidez del suelo y la saturación d acidez. La mezcla de CaCO3 + MgO aumentó significativamente el contenido de Mg intercam- biable, siendo el efecto más marcado con la dosis de 3 t ha-1. La respuesta de la cal se presentó en forma lineal en los 4 años de cosecha evaluados, con un incremento en el rendimiento de fruta y sólidos solubles al elevarse la dosis. El tratamiento de 3 t ha-1 de cal presentó el rendimiento más alto con los 3 materiales evaluados en las 4 cosechas, lo que indica la posibilidad de obtener respuesta a una dosis mayor. No hubo diferencias significativas entre las 3 fuentes de cal en las variables de suelo y rendimiento, lo que indica que las variaciones en calidad química y física de los materiales no afectaron los resultados. Sin embargo, la mezcla CaCO3 + MgO presentó el valor más bajo de acidez, el más alto de Mg en el suelo y en las hojas, y los rendimientos más altos de fruta y sólidos solubles.

  13. Low spatial resolution remote sensing data validation over the Valencia and Alacant Anchor Stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez Blazquez, Almudena; Asensi, Sandra; Clerbaux, Nicolas; Coll, Amparo; Dewitte, Steven; Estelles Leal, Victor; Geraldo Ferreira, A.; Gonzalez Sotelino, Luis; Miro, Jose Vicente; Monsoriu, Almudena; Priestley, Kory; Rius, Antonio; Smith, G. Louis; Szewczyk, Z. Peter; Josep, Torrobella; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    In this study we present the review of the comparisons between top of the atmosphere (TOA) broadband radiances and fluxes measured by the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB-1) instrument on board Meteosat-9 satellite and those measured by the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument, on board Terra-FM2 satellite, with equivalent ra-diances and fluxes obtained from radiative transfer simulations with ocassion of several ground validation campaigns. The simulations are based on measured atmospheric and surface data gathered during the campaigns at the Valencia and Alacant Anchor Stations areas (VAS and AAS) between February 2004 and November 2008. The Anchor Stations are automatic meteorological stations which aim to help validation studies of low-spatial resolution remote sensing data. They are equipped with instruments to measure air temperature and humidity at different levels, pressure, wind speed and direction, down-welling and upwelling shortwave (SW) and longwave (LW) fluxes, soil moisture, soil heat flux and soil temperature at different depths. In addition to the station data, ancillary data has been used for the simulations, such as, in situ radiosoundings in the case of the VAS field campaigns, and radiosoundings from the Spanish State Meteorological Station of Murcia ( 50 km from the study area in the case of AAS), in-situ measurements of Global Positioning System (GPS) for the retrieval precipitable water vapor content, CIMEL and EKO sunphotometer measurements to derive aerosol optical thickness and diffuse shortwave radiation from Eppley automatic solar tracker (only for AAS validation). Satellite-based data are also used in the study, such as the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) Ozone values over the area, CERES/SARB (Surface and Atmospheric Radiation Budget) emissivity maps, and Bidirectional Reflectances of the surface derived from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) MOD43 BRDF product. The

  14. SUSTENTABILIDADE AMBIENTAL: UM ESTUDO NA AUTORIDADE PORTUÁRIA DE VALENCIA, ESPANHA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ARTURO GINER FILLOL

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Mesmo com a grande relevância dos portos para o desenvolvimento econômico e social dos países, há uma questão que merece atenção dos gestores e da sociedade, é o fato que as atividades portuárias causam impactos ambientais, tais como assoreamento em meios aquáticos, alterações na fauna e flora, emissões atmosféricas, geração de resíduos sólidos, entre outros. Neste contexto, a gestão da informação ambiental é importante tanto para os gestores dos portos quanto para a sociedade, pois permite conhecer o nível de impacto gerado e o nível de sustentabilidade ao longo do tempo. Uma das formas de medir a informação é verificar o nível de comprometimento dos gestores com a gestão ambiental. Como conseqüência deste entendimento, a presente pesquisa visa identificar o nível de sustentabilidade ambiental na Autoridade Portuária de Valencia (APV. Como metodologia utilizou-se um questionário aplicado à alta direção da APV e realizou-se análise de conteúdo do Relatório de Sustentabilidade da APV para compreender o nível de sustentabilidade ambiental. Os resultados da aplicação do questionário demonstram um grande comprometimento da APV com aspectos ambientais (Materiais, Energia, Água, Biodiversidade, Emissões, Efluentes líquidos, Resíduos, Sanções administrativas e judiciais, Impactos dos produtos e serviços Impactos dos transportes, Multas, Sanções não-monetárias, Não-conformidades, contudo a análise do Relatório de Sustentabilidade demonstra que nem todos os itens são divulgados (80% divulgados. Verifica-se também que o comprometimento da APV não se limita ao discurso ou política ambiental do porto, mas também nos itens que demonstram e avaliam desempenho dos aspectos ambientais.

  15. Un barrio marginado no es un barrio marginal. A propósito de Nazaret (Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cucó i Giner, Josepa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article takes us to Nazaret, an outlying district on Valencia’s waterfront which we consider from three complementary perspectives: the synchronic vision of its current socio-spatial structure, the diachronic and processual contextualization of the changes it has undergone in the last century, and the perceptions and images which characterize the neighbourhood, together with the features, activity and incidence of its associative fabric. The analysis focuses on the behaviour of a set of interconnected factors, including the impact of the port and urban development policy, its socioeconomic make-up, the consistency of its associative fabric and its relations with government. Whereas the first three have promoted the spread of social vulnerability and precariousness, propelling the neighbourhood towards marginalization and exclusion, the latter, led by the ongoing dynamism of its residents’ association and its confrontation with the local council, is counteracting the negative effects on the neighbourhood, helping to stop a marginalized neighbourhood from becoming a marginal one.Este texto nos sitúa en Nazaret, un barrio periférico del water front de Valencia al que se observa desde tres perspectivas complementarias, representadas respectivamente por la mirada sincrónica de su actual estructura socioespacial; la contextualización diacrónica y procesual de los cambios que experimenta en el transcurso del último siglo; y el abordaje de las percepciones e imágenes que caracterizan al barrio así como los rasgos, actividad e incidencia de su tejido asociativo. El análisis focaliza el comportamiento de un conjunto de factores interconectados entre los que destacan los impactos del puerto y de las políticas urbanas, su composición socioeconómica, la consistencia de su tejido asociativo y la relación que mantiene con la administración. Mientras los tres primeros ítems favorecen la extensión de la precariedad y la vulnerabilidad

  16. Occurrence of emerging contaminants in agricultural soils, sewage sludge and waters in Valencia (E Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boluda, Rafael; Marimon, Lupe; Atzeni, Stefania; Mormeneo, Salvador; Iranzo, María; Zueco, Jesús; Gamón, Miguel; Sancenón, José; Romera, David; Gil, Carlos; Amparo Soriano, Maria; Granell, Clara; Roca, Núria; Bech, Jaume

    2013-04-01

    In recent years, studies into the presence and distribution of emerging contaminants (ECs), like pharmaceutical products, some pesticides and mycotoxins in the natural environment, are receiving considerable attention. Thus, the presence of these compounds in waters, soils and wastes in different locations including agricultural systems has been stressed; very few studies into this matter are available in Spain. The main source of ECs in the environment is wastewater spillage from wastewater treatment plants (WTP), where these compounds arrive from the sewer system network. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of 35 ECs constituted by nine pharmaceutical products, 23 fungicides and three mycotoxins in soils, sewages sludge and waters adjacent to WTP from an agriculture area of Valencia (E Spain) influenced by intense urban and industrial activity. Seven samples from sludge, 13 soil samples and eight samples of waters from the area of influence of WTP were collected. The ECs extraction were performed using 5 g of fresh sample and a mixture of acetonitrile with 1% formic acid and water at the 3:1 ratio by shaking for 45 min and then centrifuging at 4,000 rpm for 5 min. The extract was filtered and determination was done by HPLC system connected to a 3200-Qtrap de triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with an electrospray ion source. The results showed that soil-ECs concentrations were 10 times lower that in sewage sludge. The smaller number of detections and detected compounds should also be stressed. As in previous cases, fungicides azole (tebuconazole and tricyclazole), along with boscalid, were the most detected compounds with concentrations of between 100 and 400 µg kg-1 dw. In second place, propiconazole and azoxystrobin stood out, followed by carbendazim, dimetomorph, pyraclostrobin and propamocarb. The following drugs and mycotoxins were detected to have a higher to lower concentration (1-40 µg kg-1): telmisartan, irbesartan, venlafaxine

  17. Physico-chemistry characteristics of compost from urban solid wastes in Valencia (Spain); Caracteristicas fisico-quimicas de los composts de residuos solidos urbanos de la Comunidad Valenciana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albiach, M. R.; Canet, R.; Pomares, F.; Tarazona, F.; Chaves, C.; Ferrer, E.

    2004-07-01

    For nearly twenty years samples of MSW compost produced in the Valencia region. have been analysed in our laboratories. Their main characteristics are summarised and discussed in this article, which reveals their compliance with current regulations, but also the problems which may arise if stricter requirements are eventually applied by the European Commission. (Author)

  18. Strengthening the Role of Part-Time Faculty in Community Colleges. Example Job Description for Part-Time Faculty: Valencia College--Job Description and Essential Competencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center for Community College Student Engagement, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In an effort to support college conversations regarding strengthening the role of part-time faculty, this brief document presents the job description for a Valencia College part-time/adjunct professor (revised as of July 19, 2013). The description includes essential functions, qualifications, and knowledge, skills, and abilities. This is followed…

  19. Martín I y la aparición del gótico internacional en el reino de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Juan, Matilde

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the real presence of Martin I in the Kingdom of Valencia during a long period of time. This fact supposed the arrival and establishment of flemish, Italian painters and the own Crown of Aragón in the city of Turia. Orders not only by Martin I, first as a prince and later as the king, and close members of his court, but also by the own City Council allowed Valencia to be one of the most interesting cities for understanding the development of the International Gothic Style in the Crow of Aragon.

    La presencia de Martín I en el reino de Valencia durante largos periodos de tiempo supuso un atractivo para el establecimiento de pintores flamencos, italianos o de la propia Corona de Aragón en la ciudad del Turia. Los encargos de Martín, primero como infante y después como rey, los realizados por cercanos miembros de su corte, además de los del propio municipio, sitúan a Valencia como una de las urbes más interesantes para comprender el desarrollo del gótico internacional en la Corona de Aragón.

  20. Comparison of the factors of the built environment influencing the decision to walk for short trips in two Spanish cities: Valencia and Granada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrer, S.; Ruiz Sanchez, T.

    2016-07-01

    In this study, we use a qualitative methodology to identify and compare factors of the built environment influencing the decision to walk for short trips in two different Spanish cities: Valencia and Granada. Three focus groups were held in Valencia and two in Granada with participants who undertook, at least once a week, one short non-shopping trip in any travel mode (were “short trip” is defined as less than 30-45 minutes walking distance). A thematic analysis of the data using the software QSR NVivo was performed after the transcription of the video recordings. Results show that participants perceive more facilitators to walking in Granada than in Valencia, explained by the smaller size of the former city and the driving restriction policy in the city centre of Granada for private cars. The main common barriers to walking in the two cities were: insecurity from crime (absence of people, a poor street lighting or walking along a conflictive are), a high density of traffic lights and walking along large avenues. In the city of Valencia, crossing multilane avenues and large-diameter roundabouts are deterrents to walking. In Granada, very steep streets motivate the use of alternative travel modes. (Author)

  1. Tamaño óptimo de muestra para evaluar el patrón de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late' Optimal sample size for evaluate the growth pattern of 'Valencia late' orange fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Avanza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos de crecimiento de frutos describen la evolución de su tamaño a lo largo del período de desarrollo. Con fines de pronóstico, estos modelos permiten estimar en forma anticipada el tamaño que alcanzarán los frutos al momento de la cosecha. Para lograr estimaciones insesgadas del tamaño de frutos a cosecha es necesario un diseño adecuado de muestreo en la etapa de recolección de datos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el tamaño óptimo de muestra, compuesta por árboles (n y frutos (m, para establecer modelos de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late', que permitan estimar la distribución de tamaño a la cosecha. Se trabajó con el diámetro ecuatorial de frutos previo a la cosecha, proveniente de dos huertos comerciales ubicados en la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina, durante tres temporadas. Mediante modelos mixtos se estimaron las componentes de varianzas entre árboles y frutos, y posteriormente a partir de dos tipos de metodologías se determinó el tamaño de muestra óptimo. La variabilidad entre frutos fue superior a la variabilidad entre árboles. Para la determinación del patrón de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late' mediante un muestreo bietápico, se sugiere seleccionar 7 árboles y 30 frutos de cada árbol, para lograr estimaciones del diámetro ecuatorial de frutos con una precisión entre el 2 y 3%.Fruit growth models are used, among other applications, to describe the evolution of fruit size throughout its development period. For forecasting, these models allow estimate in advance the size that will achieve the fruits at harvest. To have growth curves that provide unbiased estimate of the fruit size at harvest is necessary to design an appropriate sampling at the data collection stage for its construction. The objective of the present work was to determine the optimal sample size, consisting of trees (n and fruits (m, to establish the growth patterns of orange fruits

  2. Liberal Administration and Political Corruption: The Conflict between Real Colegio de San Pablo and Instituto Provincial of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carles Sirera

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines the Spanish public schools inside the liberal educative system doing a detailed analysis of the Real Colegio de San Pablo of Valencia. The article studies this Real Colegio in order to point out the conflict provoked by political corruption, since Juan Bravo Murillo, a Spanish minister, appointed relatives to direction posts against the desires of Antonio Gil de Zárate, the founder of the Spanish liberal educative system. In this case, the struggle between personal interest of politicians and the necessities of the new and modern administration were related to the problematic issue of the model of high schools established by the State: elitist public schools or open educative institutes without boarding pupils. This conflict ended in favour of the common secondary education in open schools and, after the triumph of the Glorious Revolution in 1868, the Real Colegio de San Pablo was closed to finish with the malpractice of the management.

  3. La Ciudad suplantada. Percepciones sobre los nuevos imaginarios (turísticos de la ciudad de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Santamarina Campos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En las dos últimas décadas la ciudad de Valencia ha transfigurado su imagen de manera radical, cambiando su perfil urbano y presentándose al mundo con una nueva cara. En la apuesta por concurrir a los mapas globales de la excelencia turística, la nueva marca de ciudad lanzada al mercado, a través de tecnologías del marketing, ha eclipsado los referentes de identificación locales y ha puesto en jaque la sostenibilidad de la urbe. El giro ha sido notorio: de la Ciudad de las Flores hemos pasado a la Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias. En este contexto, este artículo explora cómo los ciudadanos perciben los cambios y los nuevos imaginarios de la capital valenciana a la luz de la crisis actual.

  4. Impostación del patio del Embajador Vich en el ex-convento del Carmen (Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Estaban Chapapría

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La demolición del singular Palacio del Embajador Vich en 1859 trajo consigo la dispersión de los restos de su magnífico patio renacentista que, en parte, fueron impostados en el refectorio gótico del ex-Convento del Carmen de Valencia en 1909. El hallazgo de otro conjunto de fragmentos del patio en el Museo de Bellas Artes de la ciudad ha despertado la iniciativa del desmontaje de las piezas integradas en el refectorio y la recomposición museística del patio con los fragmentos que se conservan. El presente artículo defiende la intervención ecléctica de principios de siglo y plantea dudas sobre la oportunidad de esta doble operación.

  5. Sampling Strategy for Soil Moisture Ground Measurements in the Campaigns of 2008 and 2009 at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antolin, M. Carmen; Millan-Scheiding, Cristina; Carbo, Ester; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    2010-12-01

    Knowledge of the distribution of soil moisture (SM) in semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystems, and of the environmental factors influencing it will enable the acquisition of in situ data simultaneous to the observations from SMOS in the area of the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS). In the Airborne Campaigns of 2008, 2009 and 2010 performed at the VAS site, different sample strategies have been followed with the objective of optimizing the work of acquisition of the necessary ground measurements for the validation of the airborne sensors and the relations with the environmental factors. The combined sampling designs used have enabled the estimation of SM values in larger areas, and the resulting SM maps are correlated with those produced by the airborne sensors. This confirms the use of these strategies for the calibration/validation of SMOS at the VAS.

  6. LA IMPORTANCIA DEL HIGIENISMO Y LA POTABILIZACIÓN DEL AGUA EN LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA (1860 -1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Palomero González

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El siglo XIX se caracteriza por numerosos cambios tanto a nivel social como estructural de la pobla - ción: se produce un acelerado desarrollo urbano sin planificación y carente de servicios que da lugar a una mala calidad de vida y numerosas epidemias. Estos cambios tienen como resultado un nuevo movi - miento, el Higienismo, que pretende mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población. En España, todas las reformas higiénicas se desarrollaron mediante los planes de Ensanche. Uno de los puntos clave de este pensamiento es el abastecimiento de agua potable como medio para evitar enfermedades. La ciudad de Valencia es un claro ejemplo de la importancia de este movimiento y cómo el abastecimiento de agua es un elemento clave en la mejora de la calidad de vida de las personas.

  7. A Window on the Valencia of Jaume the Conqueror: A Five-Year Core Sample, 1264-1270

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burns, Robert I.

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available During the years 1265 to 1270 King Jaume I culminated his career as warrior and hero of Christendom, amid diplomatic triumphs, commercial expansion, and military glory, ending however in personal humiliation and the collapse of his plans for a Jerusalem crusade. The kingdom of Valencia, then in a period of intense post-conquest consolidation, was central to his activities. This article surveys the 500 documents in the king's registers about Valencia for that short period, organizing them around the themes of Physical Space, the Human Geography both political and economic, the Fiscal Space, the Juridical Space, the Sacret Space, the "Parallel Societies" of Jews and Mudejars, the world of women, and the Murcian Crusade in Valencian Perspective. Each of the hundreds of elements comprising this five-year panorama is accompanied by the number of a document or documents from the forthcoming third volume of the Diplomatarium of King Jaume. The structure and dynamics of his new kingdom are revealed in this abundance of anecdotes, personal glimpses and self-enclosed narratives of those remarkable documents and their obiter dicta.[fr] Pendant les années 1265 à 1270, le roi Jaume I a culminé sa carrière de guerrier et héros du monde chrétien par des succès diplomatiques, expansion commerciale et gloire militaire, terminant pourtant par l'humiliation personnelle et l'effondrement de ses plans pour une croisade contre Jérusalem. Le royaume de Valencia, à cette époque-là dans une période de consolidation intense après la conquête, occupait une place centrale dans ses activités. Cet article est un aperçu des 500 documents dans les registres du roi sur Valencia dans cette courte période-là. L'article organise les documents sous les thèmes de l'Espace physique, la Géographie humaine-économique et politique, l'Espace fiscale, l'Espace juridique, l'Espace sacrée, les "Sociétés parallèles" des juifs et mudejars, le Monde de la femme, et la

  8. Fronteras exteriores e interiores en la creación de un reino medieval: Valencia en el siglo XIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enric GUINOT RODRÍGUEZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La génesis de las fronteras de los reinos cristianos medievales en España tiene mucho que ver con los procesos de guerra y conquista frente a al-Andalus. Éste es el caso del reino de Valencia, creado por el rey Jaime I en el año 1240 a partir de varios territorios musulmanes. Sus fronteras exteriores se crearon a partir de los límites entre cristianos y musulmanes en aquel momento y también por los pactos políticos con la corona de Castilla repartiéndose el territorio de al-Andalus. Pero estas fronteras no fueron definitivas y aún durante más de un siglo los conflictos entre la corona de Aragón y la de Castilla llevaron a cambios importantes en ellas.Por otro lado, la conquista feudal de Valencia implicó su reparto en señoríos y villas reales con la consiguiente necesidad de crear fronteras interiores para delimitarlos. Muchas veces estos límites se basaron en los existentes en época islámica, si bien fue usual que la sociedad feudal los interpretase según criterios propios y locales. Además, al estar ya en pleno siglo XIII, la organización de municipios se convirtió en la unidad básica de organización territorial, si bien existió una jerarquía entre las villas y los pueblos de su término.ABSTRACT: The origin of the borders of the medieval Christian kingdoms in Spain has much to do with the processes military and conquers over al-Andalus. This is the case of the kingdom of Valencia, created by King Jaime I in 1240 from several Muslim territories. Their outer borders were created from the boundaries between Christians and Muslims at that moment, but also by the political pacts with the crown of Castile distributing the territory of al-Andalus. But these borders were not definitive and still for more than a century the conflicts between Aragon and Castile took to important changes in them.On the other hand, the feudal conquest of Valencia implied its distribution between seigneuries and royal cities with the

  9. Relaciones familiares en la Valencia tardomedieval. Consanguinidad y afinidad a través de las manifestaciones de últimas voluntades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime PIQUERAS JUAN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se realiza una aproximación a la mentalidad con que la sociedad medieval valenciana concibió sus relaciones familiares a través de la información proporcionada por un conjunto de testamentos. Se pretende analizar cómo la idea de pertenencia a un grupo de consanguíneos convive en los diferentes individuos con las realidades derivadas de la vida en común dentro de la familia nuclear. Para ello, se han estudiado los testamentos de una serie de personas que mayoritariamente realizaron su actividad laboral en la manufactura textil de Alcoy, Ontinyent y Bocairent, en el sur de la actual provincia de Valencia y norte de Alicante, estableciéndose relaciones entre la organización del trabajo, la participación de la mujer en el mundo laboral y los cambios y evoluciones que experimenta el modelo familiar.

  10. EVALUACIÓN EMOCIONAL PROTOTÍPICA DE MÚSICA DE VALENCIA AFECTIVA POSITIVA Y NEGATIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuel Blanca

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación estudió las asociaciones implícitas entre prototipos de emociones y música de valencia afectiva positiva (música alegre, tempo rápido y negativa (música triste, tempo lento. Para ello se recurrió a una versión modificada del Test de As ociaciones Implícitas, el cual se aplicó a 59 estudiantes universitarios, entre los 18 y los 23 años, (56 % mujeres. Los resultados mostraron que los participantes categorizaron más rápidamente adjetivos vinculados con afectos de alegría o tristeza cuando se asocian de forma congruente con música de tempo rápido y tempo lento, respectivamente. Se discuten las implicaciones para el estudio del procesamiento emocional de la música desde el enfoque prototípico de las emociones.

  11. Religious believes versus cultural resource management: about the Medieval Jewish cemetery of Valencia (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez, José Luis

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological heritage ownership is a controversial subject under the influence of both ethnic and religious claims. In 1996, a group of Jewish communities finally were able to interrupt the archaeological excavation under way at the medieval Jewish cemetery of Valencia. In this manner they did not allow the anthropological analysis of human remains recovered at the site that were reburied at the Jewish cemetery of Barcelona. Both administrations, local and regional, prioritized religious claims of the communities involved with respect to the archaeological heritage. As a consequence of a complaint filed by a group of citizens, the Síndic of Greuges of the Valencian Community (regional ombudsman signed a condemnatory resolution against the initial resolution of the public administration.

    La propiedad sobre el patrimonio histórico es objeto de controversia al amparo de reivindicaciones de tipo étnico o religioso. En 1996, diversas Comunidades Judías consiguieron paralizar la excavación arqueológica de un importante sector de la necrópolis judía medieval de Valencia e impidieron la investigación arqueológica de los restos humanos descubiertos que fueron reinhumados en el actual cementerio judío de Barcelona. Los gobiernos local y autonómico antepusieron las exigencias religiosas de las Comunidades Judías al respeto hacia el patrimonio arqueológico. A raíz de una queja formulada por un grupo de ciudadanos, el Síndic de Greuges (Síndico de Agravios de la Comunidad Valenciana dictó una resolución condenatoria sobre la decisión tomada por los poderes públicos.

  12. Evaluation of PERSIANN database in the framework of SMOS Calibration/Validation activities over Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Mialon, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.; Braithwaite, D.; Hsu, K.

    2010-02-01

    Soil moisture is a key parameter for land surface water resource and climate change monitoring. ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission will deliver, as one of its main goals, global fields of surface soil moisture with an accuracy better than 0.04 m3 m-3. SMOS relies on an L-band (1.4 GHz) interferometric radiometer. Within the context of the preparation for this mission over land, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) experimental site, in Spain, was selected to be one of the main test sites in Europe for the SMOS Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) activities. This study presents preliminary analysis of PERSIANN in the framework of SMOS Cal/Val activities at the Valencia Anchor Station. The PERSIANN database is an automated system for Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks. The real interest of using the PERSIANN database into the hydrologic applications is mainly with the goal of having access to the spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation over a significant area (typically here an area equivalent to a SMOS pixel). The goal of this study is to quantify the gain of using PERSIANN instead of distributing sparse rain gauge measurements. The interest of using satellite rainfall estimates as well as the influence that the precipitation events can induce on the modelling of the water content in the soil was depicted by a comparison between different soil moisture products. Having an accurate estimation of the amount and temporal/spatial distribution of precipitation is a critical issue so as to have a faithful representation of the soil moisture distribution.

  13. Procedimiento de análisis para el estudio del proceso constructivo documentado del Colegio de Corpus Christi de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lerma, C.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis procedure of the historic building construction sequence must establish the relationship between the documentation study that is conserved and its current state, noting the inconsistencies that occur. This paper focuses on the Seminary-School of Corpus Christi of Valencia, which is 400 years old and retains plenty of original documents relating to its construction. All aspects of the architecture and the construction of the building are analyzed in detail. A graphic study of the costs and three-dimensional hypothesis of the building construction sequence clarify how occurred its construction process. The proposed methodology can be used to study other construction processes in historical buildings.El procedimiento de análisis de la secuencia constructiva de un edificio histórico debe establecer la relación entre el estudio de la documentación que se conserva y el estado actual del mismo, advirtiendo las incongruencias que se produzcan. Este trabajo se centra en el Colegio-Seminario de Corpus Christi de Valencia, que cuenta con una antigüedad de 400 años y conserva abundante documentación original relativa a su construcción. Se analizan con detalle todos los aspectos relacionados con la arquitectura y la construcción del edificio, aclarando cómo se produjo el proceso de construcción, facilitando un estudio gráfico de los gastos y una hipótesis tridimensional de la secuencia constructiva. La metodología que se propone puede servir para el estudio de procesos constructivos en otros edificios históricos.

  14. Microbial inhibitory and radical scavenging activities of cold-pressed terpeneless Valencia orange (Citrus sinensis) oil in different dispersing agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalova, Vesela I; Crandall, Philip G; Ricke, Steven C

    2010-04-15

    Due to their low solubility in water, oil-based bioactive compounds require dispersion in a surface-active agent or appropriate solvents to ensure maximum contact with microorganisms. These combinations, however, may change their physical and/or chemical characteristics and consequently alter the desired functionality. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of selected dispersing agents, ethanol, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and Tween-80, on cold-pressed terpeneless (CPT) Valencia orange oil to function as a free radical scavenger and an antimicrobial food additive. When dissolved in ethanol or DMSO, the orange oil fraction had similar minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 19 115 (0.3% and 0.25% v/v respectively), which were significantly lower (P orange oil (up to 3%) in an aqueous solution of 0.1% Tween-80 yielded no inhibitory activities against any of the test bacteria. However, the 1% natural orange oil dispersed in Tween-80 exhibited 56.86% 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical inhibition versus 18.37% and 16.60% when the same level of orange oil was dissolved in DMSO or ethanol, respectively. At the same orange oil concentration, the oil/Tween-80 suspension yielded 57.92% neutralization of hydroxyl radicals. This represents 71.37% of the mannitol antioxidant activity, which was used as a positive control. These findings suggest that Tween-80 is an appropriate dispersing agent only if the antioxidant functionality is desired. If both antimicrobial and antioxidant properties are needed, the CPT Valencia orange oil should be dispersed in either DMSO or ethanol. (c) 2010 Society of Chemical Industry.

  15. Composition and distribution of medically important phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the municipalities of Tierralta and Valencia (Córdoba, Colombia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivero, Rafael José; Quintero, Lina Salazar; Peña, Horacio Cadena; Alvar-Beltrán, Jorge; Tovar, Catalina; Atencia, Claudia M; Vélez, Iván Darío

    2017-01-01

    Ecoepidemiological studies of cutaneous leishmaniasis and regular monitoring of Lutzomyia species have generated a knowledge base that can be used for control and prevention strategies targeted at the disease transmission dynamics in focal areas of Colombia. In this study, the presence and spatial distribution of phlebotomines of medical importance in the municipalities of Tierralta (El Loro and Tuis Tuis villages) and Valencia (Guadua and Mieles villages) were determined. Entomological surveys were performed in 2015 (months of June, September and November) and samples were collected via CDC-traps located in intradomicilary and peridomiciliary areas in the municipalities of Tierralta and Valencia (Department of Córdoba, Colombia). Active searches were also carried out with a mouth aspirator to collect adult phlebotomines from resting sites. ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed to assess if the differences between the communities of phlebotomines. Spatial distribution maps of the Lutzomyia species were generated. A high species diversity of Lutzomyia was observed with a total of 1677 Lutzomyia individuals belonging to 12 species. Among these species, Lu. panamensis was the most abundant (80.18%). The composition of the intradomicilary and peridomiciliary phlebotomines varied significantly (F = 0.9962; df = 1; p = 0.02895). Species like Lu. carpenteri, Lu. camposi, Lu. dysponeta, Lu. atroclavata and Lu. yuilli yuilli were recorded for the first time in the Department of Córdoba, Colombia. The spatial distribution shows that Lu. panamensis and Lu. gomezi are predominant and present in areas with high concentration of houses. This study provides basic information on new records of phlebotomines in the Department of Córdoba. The results suggest that greater vector-human contact occurs in the peridomiciliary environment and that a high number of Lutzomyia species associated with the transmission of leishmaniasis are present in Colombia.

  16. From the local fueros to the Valencia’s Fuero in the Context of the Feudal Society Instauration Process at the 13th Century in the Reign of Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enric GUINOT RODRÍGUEZ

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the process of changing local laws (fueros to a territorial law (fuero in the context of the new kingdom of Valencia created in 1240 by King James I. Following the tradition of Catalonia and Aragon, also in Valencia the crown and nobility initially organized the repopulation based on different local fueros: Sepúlveda, Zaragoza, Daroca, Teruel, Fontana, costum de Lleida or costum/fuero of Valencia. But from 1245, the monarchy drove the territorial law (fuero of Valencia, which has traditionally been interpreted as a political reason for confrontation between Catalan and Aragonese populators. Our study explains how the Fuero of Zaragoza/Aragon was limited during the 13th Century to a few seigneuries, and how widespread the Fuero of Valencia. Thus, the conflict between the nobility of Aragonese origin to the public power (monarchy and citizens began when the first courts of 1261 approved extending the Fuero of Valencia as a territorial law for the new kingdom.

  17. Ground Sampling Strategy and Measurements during the CNES CAROLS Campaign at the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antolin, M. Carmen

    2010-05-01

    Knowledge of the distribution of soil moisture (SM) in semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystems, and of the environmental factors influencing it, will enable the acquisition of in situ data simultaneous to the observations from SMOS in the area of the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS). The variability of SM depends on intrinsic and extrinsic soil factors. It is necessary to define a sampling strategy that integrates the relationships between the hydrological variables, particularly SM, and the parameters of the landscape at different spatial scales SM data acquisition for the CAROLS (Combined Airborne Radio - instruments for Ocean and Land Studies) Campaign extended over an area of 27 x 35 km2, within the VAS site, demands a selection of sampling points which are representative of larger areas. The total area was sub-divided in Environmental Units which were homogeneous with respect to landscape, geological material, land use (or vegetation cover) and soil type (mainly soil texture and geomorphologic aspects). The most representative units of the area correspond to (i) vineyards over stony-sandy soil, (ii) vineyard over clayey soil, (iii) cereal with partly fallow land, (iv) forest areas with sub-arbustive and dense shrub-land divided into Northern and Southern exposure, and (v) mixed vineyards and forest vegetation. The sampling strategy during the CNES CAROLS campaign was designed with the following threefold criteria: (i) Within each Environmental Unit, an area of 1 x 1 km2 was selected where a simple random sampling of about 35 plots/km2 was defined and where volumetric SM samples were obtained with small cylinders, together with ThetaProbe and surface temperature measurements. Soil samples were processed to obtain volumetric soil moisture, texture, bulk density and organic material for each measurement plot (ii) A selection of 10 stationary points, each one respectively and nearly close to 10 thermopluviometric stations, representative of the different units of the area

  18. Populismo municipal y nacionalcatolicismo en la Valencia del general Primo de Rivera: el marqués de Sotelo (1923-1930 = Populism and Municipal Propaganda in Valencia during Primo de Rivera’s Dictatorship: the Marquis of Sotelo (1923-1930.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio López Iñíguez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende explicar las principales características políticas del régimen de Primo de Rivera en la ciudad de Valencia. Desde un análisis de la política municipal, el populismo y la publicidad de la construcción de obras públicas se presentan como los principales pilares para la consolidación del régimen en Valencia. La praxis política del marqués de Sotelo supuso para la ciudad el primer contacto con el nacionalcatolicismo. La figura de este alcalde, además, ocupa buena parte del texto al ser un fiel exponente de las prácticas políticas nacidas tras el golpe de septiembre de 1923.This paper aims to explain the main features of the political regime of Primo de Rivera in the city of Valencia. From an analysis of municipal politics, populism and advertising public works construction are presented as the main supports for the consolidation of the regime in Valencia. The political praxis of the Marquis of Sotelo assumed for the city’s first contact with the National Catholicism. The figure of the mayor, also occupies much of the text to be a faithful exponent of political practices born after the September 1923 coup.

  19. Los libros de arquitectura en la Valencia del siglo XVIII : de los modelos del Barroco a la Academia de San Carlos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo González Tornel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo estudia el impacto de la circulación de libros y estampas sobre arquitectura, perspectiva o arqueología sobre la construcción en Valencia durante el siglo XVIII. Se analizan para ello los inventarios en los que estas obras impresas se documentan y se cotejan las mismas con las obras efectivamente edificadas, buscando los modelos estructurales y decorativos empleados por los arquitectos.This essay studies the impact of books and prints of architecture, perspective or archaeology on the construction in Valencia during the 18th century. It analyzes the mention of some of these books in documents and compares them with the constructions built in the city looking for the structural and decorative models used by the architects.

  20. La tecnología sedera en Valencia a la luz de unas ordenanzas inéditas del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navarro Espinach, Germán

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Study of an unpublished book of ordinances of the 15th to 17th centuries pertaining to the silk velvets weavers of Valencia, conserved in The Hispanic Society of America in New York. Its comparison with the Valencian silk ordinances that we already know provides new information on 15th century textile technology.

    Estudio de un libro inédito de ordenanzas de los siglos XV-XVII perteneciente a los tejedores de terciopelos de seda de Valencia, conservado en The Hispanic Society of America de Nueva York. Su comparación con las ordenanzas valencianas de la seda conocidas hasta ahora ofrece nuevos datos sobre la tecnología textil del siglo XV.

  1. La Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos y el ejercicio de la agrimensura en la Valencia del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faus Prieto, Alfredo

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available During the 18th century the land surveying knew in Spain an unfinished process of institutionalizacion that laid the foundations of its further development. This process, which began in the ancient Reign of Valencia, provoked the successive aparition of local employment and the academic title of land-surveyor. The present work is focused on the circumstances wich took place in this process, as well as its limitations.

    En el siglo XVIII la agrimensura conoció, en España, un proceso inacabado de institucionalización que sentó las bases para su posterior desarrollo. Este proceso se inició en el antiguo Reino de Valencia y provocó la aparición sucesiva del empleo municipal y el título académico de agrimensor. En este trabajo se estudian las circunstancias que concurrieron en dicho proceso, así como sus limitaciones.

  2. Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad: resultados del proyecto EMECAM en Valencia, 1994-96

    OpenAIRE

    Tenías Burillo José María; Pérez-Hoyos Santiago; Molina Quilis Rosa; González-Aracil Julián; Ballester Díez Ferran

    1999-01-01

    FUNDAMENTO: Estimar el efecto a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad en la ciudad de Valencia, durante el periodo 1994-1996, utilizando la metodología de análisis del estudio multicéntrico español sobre la relación entre la contaminación atmosférica y la mortalidad (proyecto EMECAM). MÉTODOS: De la red de vigilancia de la contaminación atmosférica de Valencia se obtuvieron los niveles diarios de humos negros, dióxido de azufre (SO2), dióxido de nitrógeno (NO2), monó...

  3. Mejorar y quedarse. La cesión de tierra a rentas por debajo del equilibrio en la Valencia del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Garrido

    2010-01-01

    By custom, in several different regions of Europe tenants were the owners of the improvements they carried out on the farm. As a result of such customs, rents usually remained below the Ricardian equilibrium over long periods of time and therefore cannot be used to calculate the total factor productivity in agriculture. This paper examines the logic underlying the functioning of the custom that came into being in nineteenth-century Valencia. This is followed by a brief comparison between the ...

  4. Intervenciones contemporáneas en los mercados municipales representativos de Cataluña y Valencia, construidos a finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX

    OpenAIRE

    Zavala Sánchez, María Dolores

    2013-01-01

    This PhD thesis is a deep research on the architectural evolution of the most representative municipal markets in Catalonia and Valencia , from its origins to the present day. It includes an extensive comparison of all the cases considered (in the sample), with emphasis on contemporany renovations and methods and criteria aplplied (including the levels of law protection and their influence in the result). The study stablishes the fundamental values of this kind of historical buildings that ne...

  5. Estudio y propuesta de intervención en la Parroquia del Santísimo Cristo de la Providencia de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    FERNÁNDEZ DOMINGO, RUBÉN

    2011-01-01

    El proyecto incluye estudio histórico, levantamiento de planos, análisis constructivo, estudio de patologías, y una propuesta de intervención Fernández Domingo, R. (2011). Estudio y propuesta de intervención en la Parroquia del Santísimo Cristo de la Providencia de Valencia. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/12220. Archivo delegado

  6. ANÁLISIS Y PROPUESTAS DE MEJORA DE UNA EMPRESA DEDICADA A LA ADMINISTRACIÓN DE FINCAS URBANAS EN VALENCIA. CONSULTING INMOBILIARIO EME2, S.L.

    OpenAIRE

    MACHANCOSES GARCÍA, PABLO MARÍA

    2014-01-01

    El proyecto que vamos a desarrollar consiste en un análisis y propuestas de mejora para una empresa familiar dedicada a la gestión y administración de fincas en la ciudad de Valencia. El presente trabajo se desarrolla a lo largo de 11 capítulos. Tras la Introducción en la que definimos el objeto ...

  7. Selección de leguminosas herbáceas para el fomento de cobertura en plantaciones de naranja Valencia late Selection of herbaceous legumes for the development of cover in Valencia late orange plantations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayamí Fontes

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El establecimiento de leguminosas herbáceas dentro de las áreas de frutales precisa de estudios que demuestren la compatibilidad de estas asociaciones, con vista a mejorar la producción en estos agroecosistemas. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue seleccionar la especie leguminosa más adecuada para emplearla como cobertura viva en plantaciones de naranja Valencia late, sobre la base de su caracterización morfoagronómica. El estudio se realizó en áreas de la Empresa de Cítricos Ciego de Ávila. Para ello se establecieron parcelas de 3 m2, sobre un suelo Ferralítico Rojo compactado, donde no se había aplicado fertilizantes ni herbicidas. Se utilizaron 14 tratamientos y se midieron los siguientes indicadores: emergencia (a los 7, 14, 21, 28 y 35 días después de la siembra en cada parcela, altura (cm, cobertura foliar (% y producción de semillas (t ha-1. De acuerdo con los resultados, Teramnus labialis fue la especie más adecuada para usarla como cobertura viva en plantaciones citrícolas, en correspondencia con el porcentaje de emergencia, el área cubierta, la altura estacional y la producción de semilla alcanzada durante el proceso de evaluación, por lo que se recomienda su utilización en los ecosistemas citrícolas de naranja V. late de Ciego de Ávila.The establishment of herbaceous legumes within fruit tree areas requires studies that prove the compatibility of these associations, aiming at improving production in these agroecosystems. The objective of this work was to select the most adequate legume species to be used as live cover in Valencia late orange plantations, based on their morphoagronomic characterization. The study was conducted in areas of the Ciego de Ávila Citrus Fruit Enterprise. For such purpose 3 m2 plots were established on a compacted Ferralitic Red soil, where neither fertilizers nor herbicides had been applied. Fourteen treatments were used and the following indicators were measured: emergence (7, 14

  8. A Comparison of the Volatile Components of Cold Pressed Hamlin and Valencia (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck Orange Oils Affected by Huanglongbing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brittany M. Xu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Volatiles from huanglongbing (HLB symptomatic and asymptomatic cold pressed orange oils from Florida Hamlin and Valencia fruit were assessed. Qualitative gas-liquid chromatography studies showed the presence of several compounds (β-longifolene, perillene, and 4-decenal which are not commonly identified in Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck oils. Oils derived from huanglongbing symptomatic fruit had lower concentrations of linalool, decanal, citronellol, neral, geranial, carvone, dodecanal, and 2-decenal and higher concentrations of citronellal compared to asymptomatic fruit. A comparison to historic literature of orange oil investigations before HLB was of issue in Florida orange crops showed lower levels of linalool, decanal, neral, and geranial in Hamlin peel oil samples, as well as higher levels of dodecanal. Valencia peel oil samples showed lower concentrations of linalool and increased concentration of citronellol and dodecanal. As a result of huanglongbing (HLB phenomena, the concentrations of several important volatiles found in Hamlin and Valencia peel oil profiles have changed compared to historic values. Differences in volatile concentrations of symptomatic and asymptomatic HLB affected peel oil compounds in orange fruit are identified.

  9. Las Competencias Legales del Racional en la Organización Administrativa y Contable del Municipio de Valencia (Comienzos del Siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Mayordomo García-Chicote

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available La organización administrativa y contable de los mayores municipios españoles, a comienzos del XVII, es un tema que apenas ha sido abordado por los investigadores de la historia de la Contabilidad y del Derecho. En este trabajo se estudian los textos legales (Capitols del Quitament y Ordenanzas de la Taula de Canvis que regulaban aquellas cuestiones en relación con la ciudad de Valencia, y sobre todo se hace un detenido análisis del cargo municipal (el Racional que se responsabilizaba de la contabilidad y el control interno de la Hacienda local. Palabras clave: contabilidad pública, historia de la contabilidad, Valencia, siglo XVII.A serious lack of research con be observed on the administrative and accounting organisation of the main Spanish cities around the beginning of the 17th century. This paper analyses the legal texts (Capitols del Quitament and Ordenanzas de la Taula de Canvis relative to the matter in the city of Valencia. Furthermore, this study is aimed to highlight the characteristics of the Racional who was responsible for the accounting, and internal control of the local finance.

  10. Validation of SURFEX Simulated Soil Moisture over the Valencia Anchor Station using SMOS products and in situ measurements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coll, M. Amparo; Khodayar, Samiro; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

    2014-05-01

    Soil moisture is an important variable in agriculture, hydrology, meteorology and related disciplines. Despite its importance, it is complicated to obtain an appropriate representation of this variable, mainly because of its high temporal and spatial variability. SVAT (Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer) models can be used to simulate the temporal behaviour and spatial distribution of soil moisture in a given area. In this work, we use the SURFEX (Surface Externalisée) model developed at the Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques (CNRM) at Météo-France (http://www.cnrm.meteo.fr/surfex/) to simulate soil moisture at the Valencia Anchor Station. SURFEX integrates the ISBA (Interaction Sol-Biosphère-Atmosphère; surfaces with vegetation) module to describe the land surfaces (http://www.cnrm.meteo.fr/isbadoc/model.html) and we introduced the ECOCLIMAP for the description of land covers. The Valencia Anchor Station was chosen as a validation site for the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission and as one of the hydrometeorological sites for the HyMeX (HYdrological cycle in Mediterranean EXperiment) programme. This site represents a reasonably homogeneous and mostly flat area of about 50x50 km2. The main cover type is vineyards (65%), followed by fruit trees, shrubs, and pine forests, and a few number of small industrial and urban areas. Except for the vineyard growing season, the area remains mostly under bare soil conditions. In spite of its relatively flat topography, the small altitude variations of the region clearly influence climate. This oscillates between semiarid and dry-sub-humid. Annual mean temperatures are between 12 ºC and 14.5 ºC, and annual precipitation is about 400-450 mm. The duration of frost free periods is from May to November, with maximum precipitation in spring and autumn. The first part of this investigation consists in simulating soil moisture fields to be compared with level-2 and level-3 soil moisture maps generated

  11. SMOS Cal/Val activities over Valencia Anchor Station: interest of using the PERSIANN database into hydrological applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y. H.; Mialon, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.; Braithwaite, D.; Hsu, K.

    2010-05-01

    The primary goal of SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission is to deliver global fields of sea surface salinity and surface soil moisture using L-band (1.4 GHz) radiometry. Within the context of the preparation for this mission over land, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) experimental site, in Spain, was selected to be one of the main test sites in Europe for the SMOS Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) activities. This study presents the interest of using the PERSIANN database into hydrological applications with the goal of having access to the spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation over a significant area (typically here an area equivalent to a SMOS pixel). The PERSIANN database is an automated system for Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks. The advantage of using satellite rainfall estimates as well as the influence that the precipitation events can induce on the modelling of the water content in the soil is presented here. In this framework, a Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer (SVAT) model - ISBA (Interactions between Soil Biosphere Atmosphere) was used. At SMOS pixel scale (50x50 km²) soil moisture variability is mostly driven by atmospheric forcing effects, thus mainly being influenced by climatic conditions at large scale and precipitation. Having an accurate estimation of the amount and temporal/spatial distribution of precipitation is a critical issue so as to have a faithful representation of the soil moisture distribution. Valencia Anchor Station is characterized by an extensive set of measurements at different levels in the atmosphere and in the soil. Over the 50x50 km² area 22 meteorological stations, 4 fully equipped and 18 rain gauges, are randomly and not uniformly distributed. The SVAT model was driven by the spatialized (IDW) in situ atmospheric forcing so as to achieve a homogeneous sampling of the soil moisture over the entire VAS area. The PERSIANN database used is at a

  12. Modelling soil moisture at SMOS scale by use of a SVAT model over the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Mialon, A.; Wigneron, J.-P.; Lopez-Baeza, E.; Cano, A.; Albitar, A.; Millan-Scheiding, C.; Antolin, M. Carmen; Delwart, S.

    2010-05-01

    The main goal of the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission is to deliver global fields of surface soil moisture and sea surface salinity using L-band (1.4 GHz) radiometry. Within the context of the Science preparation for SMOS, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) experimental site, in Spain, was chosen to be one of the main test sites in Europe for Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) activities. In this framework, the paper presents an approach consisting in accurately simulating a whole SMOS pixel by representing the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the soil moisture fields over the wide VAS surface (50×50 km2). Ground and meteorological measurements over the area are used as the input of a Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer (SVAT) model, SURFEX (Externalized Surface) - module ISBA (Interactions between Soil-Biosphere-Atmosphere) to simulate the spatial and temporal distribution of surface soil moisture. The calibration as well as the validation of the ISBA model are performed using in situ soil moisture measurements. It is shown that a good consistency is reached when point comparisons between simulated and in situ soil moisture measurements are made. Actually, an important challenge in remote sensing approaches concerns product validation. In order to obtain an representative soil moisture mapping over the Valencia Anchor Station (50×50 km2 area), a spatialization method is applied. For verification, a comparison between the simulated spatialized soil moisture and remote sensing data from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer on Earth observing System (AMSR-E) and from the European Remote Sensing Satellites (ERS-SCAT) is performed. Despite the fact that AMSR-E surface soil moisture product is not reproducing accurately the absolute values, it provides trustworthy information on surface soil moisture temporal variability. However, during the vegetation growing season the signal is perturbed. By using the polarization ratio a better agreement is

  13. Diagnósticos al alta hospitalaria de las personas inmigrantes en la ciudad de Valencia (2001-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salazar Antonio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La inmigración en España se ha incrementado de forma notable en la última década. Por razones teóricas se ha planteado que esta población pudiera ser responsable de un aumento de la incidencia y/o transmisión de enfermedades infecciosas. Sin embargo, existen escasos estudios acerca de las enfermedades de este colectivo que permitan conocer la importancia de esta afirmación. El objetivo de este estudio es cuantificar la atención hospitalaria a esta población en la ciudad de Valencia. Métodos: Se obtuvieron los registros de altas de los Servicios de Admisión de los hospitales públicos de la ciudad de Valencia. Se desarrolló un estudio observacional retrospectivo para el año comprendido entre el 1 de octubre de 2001 al 30 de septiembre del 2002. Resultados: Recuperamos 8.444 ingresos que identificaron 1.577 ingresos de inmigrantes. Se evidenció una proporción similar de inmigrantes registrados con documentación reglada (841, 51,16% e inmigrantes supuestamente no regularizados (803, 48,84%. Predominaron las mujeres (68,3% frente a los varones (31,7% y una media de edad inferior a los 30 años. El diagnóstico de alta más frecuente fue «complicaciones del embarazo, parto y puerperio» con 37,7% del total. Los «traumatismos y envenenamientos», «enfermedades del aparato digestivo» y «enfermedades del aparato respiratorio» representaron el 12,9%, el 7,8% y el 5,4%, respectivamente. Las «enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias» supusieron el 4,4%. Conclusiones: La proporción de enfermedades infecciosas e infecto-contagiosas observadas no contribuyen a alentar las opiniones difundidas sobre importación o reemergencia de enfermedades desde los colectivos de inmigrantes. La inmigración masiva acaecida requiere múltiples adaptaciones del Sistema de Salud que permitan establecer el perfil de salud de este colectivo, basado en estimaciones poblacionales.

  14. Diagnósticos al alta hospitalaria de las personas inmigrantes en la ciudad de Valencia (2001-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Salazar

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento:La inmigración en España se ha incrementado de forma notable en la última década. Por razones teóricas se ha planteado que esta población pudiera ser responsable de un aumento de la incidencia y/o transmisión de enfermedades infecciosas. Sin embargo, existen escasos estudios acerca de las enfermedades de este colectivo que permitan conocer la importancia de esta afirmación. El objetivo de este estudio es cuantificar la atención hospitalaria a esta población en la ciudad de Valencia. Métodos: Se obtuvieron los registros de altas de los Servicios de Admisión de los hospitales públicos de la ciudad de Valencia. Se desarrolló un estudio observacional retrospectivo para el año comprendido entre el 1 de octubre de 2001 al 30 de septiembre del 2002. Resultados: Recuperamos 8.444 ingresos que identificaron 1.577 ingresos de inmigrantes. Se evidenció una proporción similar de inmigrantes registrados con documentación reglada (841, 51,16% e inmigrantes supuestamente no regularizados (803, 48,84%. Predominaron las mujeres (68,3% frente a los varones (31,7% y una media de edad inferior a los 30 años. El diagnóstico de alta más frecuente fue «complicaciones del embarazo, parto y puerperio» con 37,7% del total. Los «traumatismos y envenenamientos », «enfermedades del aparato digestivo» y «enfermedades del aparato respiratorio» representaron el 12,9%, el 7,8% y el 5,4%, respectivamente. Las «enfermedades infecciosas y parasitarias» supusieron el 4,4%. Conclusiones: La proporción de enfermedades infecciosas e infectocontagiosas observadas no contribuyen a alentar las opiniones difundidas sobre importación o reemergencia de enfermedades desde los colectivos de inmigrantes. La inmigración masiva acaecida requiere múltiples adaptaciones del Sistema de Salud que permitan establecer el perfil de salud de este colectivo, basado en estimaciones poblacionales.

  15. Nuevas aportaciones al estudio del recinto de la judería de Valencia delimitado en 1244

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López González, M. Concepción

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1244 King James I of Aragon determined the area of the Jewish Quarter of Valencia making reference to five points of the city of which, until now, only the exact location of the Xerea Gate was known. The analysis of the bordering properties with milestones in the lists of the Records I and III of the Llibre del Repartiment has allowed us to determine the location of the other four points, making it possible to verify that Amnalmelig’s baths were to the south of the Jewish Quarter, contrary to current opinion. The results of the research have been captured on plans that reconstruct the urban planning of the epoch, based on the most ancient cartography of the city (the plans of Mancelli [1608] and Tosca [1704], on archaeological reports and on the remains of streets that were abolished to form part of private properties.A raíz de la conquista de la ciudad, el rey Jaime I delimita en 1244 en Valencia un espacio para los judíos. Con esta finalidad, hace referencia a cinco puntos de los que, hasta el momento, solo se conocía la ubicación exacta de la puerta de la Xerea. El análisis de las propiedades limítrofes con estos hitos en los listados de los registros I y III del Llibre del Repartiment ha permitido determinar la ubicación de los otros cuatro puntos, pudiendo comprobar que los baños de Amnalmelig se encontraban al sur del barrio judío contrariamente a lo que, hasta ahora, se había pensado. Los resultados de la investigación se han plasmado sobre planos actuales, reconstruyendo el urbanismo de la época basándose en la cartografía más antigua de la ciudad (Mancelli [1608] y Tosca [1704], en informes arqueológicos y en los vestigios de calles actualmente desaparecidas que han pasado a formar parte de propiedades privadas.

  16. Modelling soil moisture at SMOS scale by use of a SVAT model over the Valencia Anchor Station

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Juglea

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity mission is to deliver global fields of surface soil moisture and sea surface salinity using L-band (1.4 GHz radiometry. Within the context of the Science preparation for SMOS, the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS experimental site, in Spain, was chosen to be one of the main test sites in Europe for Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val activities. In this framework, the paper presents an approach consisting in accurately simulating a whole SMOS pixel by representing the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the soil moisture fields over the wide VAS surface (50×50 km2. Ground and meteorological measurements over the area are used as the input of a Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer (SVAT model, SURFEX (Externalized Surface - module ISBA (Interactions between Soil-Biosphere-Atmosphere to simulate the spatial and temporal distribution of surface soil moisture. The calibration as well as the validation of the ISBA model are performed using in situ soil moisture measurements. It is shown that a good consistency is reached when point comparisons between simulated and in situ soil moisture measurements are made.

    Actually, an important challenge in remote sensing approaches concerns product validation. In order to obtain an representative soil moisture mapping over the Valencia Anchor Station (50×50 km2 area, a spatialization method is applied. For verification, a comparison between the simulated spatialized soil moisture and remote sensing data from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer on Earth observing System (AMSR-E and from the European Remote Sensing Satellites (ERS-SCAT is performed. Despite the fact that AMSR-E surface soil moisture product is not reproducing accurately the absolute values, it provides trustworthy information on surface soil moisture temporal variability. However, during the vegetation growing season the signal is perturbed. By using the

  17. [Mortality following cardiac surgery in the National Health Service Hospitals of the Community of Valencia in 2007: a descriptive analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicente, R; Pajares, A; Vicente, J L; Aparicio, R; Loro, J M; Moreno, I; Soria, A; López, A; Porta, J; de la Fuente, C; Herrera, P; Tur, A; Osseyran, F; Guillén, A; Martí, F; Llagunes, J; Mateo, E; Aguar, F; Peña, J J; Marqués, J I; Ripoll, A; Reina, C; Ferrandis, P; Muedra, V; Llopis, E; Cantó, M; García, C

    2010-02-01

    To analyze clinical records of cardiac surgery patients in an attempt to identify factors associated with mortality in the postoperative critical care units of the public health service hospitals in the Community of Valencia, Spain, in 2007. Retrospective study of cases from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007. The charts of all patients who underwent cardiac surgery with or without extracorporeal circulation were reviewed. A data collection protocol was followed to obtain information on age, sex, body mass index (BMI), presurgical risk factors, type of surgery, duration of extracorporeal circulation, duration of ischemia, cause of death, and length of stay in the postoperative critical care unit. The study population consisted of 2113 patients at 5 public hospitals; 124 patients (70 men, 54 women) died. The mean (SD) age was 70 (9.43) years (range, 36-91 years). The mean BMI was 28.19 kg/m2 (maximum, 42 kg/m2). The mean Euroscore was 21.92 (maximum, 94.29). Hypertension was present as a preoperative risk factor in most patients (74.2%); dyslipidemia was present in 51.6%, diabetes mellitus in 38.7%, stroke in 73%, and renal failure in 2.4%. It was noteworthy was that the group who underwent coronary revascularization had the highest mortality rate (nearly 35% of the 124 patients). The next highest mortality rate (19.4%) was in patients who had combined procedures (valve repair or substitution plus coronary revascularization). Mortality was 18.5% in the group undergoing aortic valve surgery and 11.3% in those undergoing mitral valve surgery. The mean duration of extracorporeal circulation was 148.63 minutes. The mean duration of myocardial ischemia was 94.91 minutes. The most frequent cause of death was cardiogenic shock (54.8%). This was followed by distributive shock (29.8%) and hemorrhagic shock (8.9%). The mean length of stay in the postoperative critical care unit was 13.6 days. Overall mortality was 5.87%. The highest mortality rate among cardiac surgery

  18. [Prevalence of oral anticoagulation and quality of its management in primary healthcare: A study by the Health Sentinel Network of the Region of Valencia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boned-Ombuena, Ana; Pérez-Panadés, Jordi; López-Maside, Aurora; Miralles-Espí, Maite; Guardiola Vilarroig, Sandra; Adam Ruiz, Desamparados; Zurriaga, Oscar

    2017-11-01

    To estimate the prevalence of patients with oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) in the Region of Valencia and to evaluate the quality of management of OAT with vitaminK antagonists (VKA) carried out in primary healthcare. Observational cross-sectional study conducted through the Health Sentinel Network of the Region of Valencia, which includes a survey and the retrospective analysis of OAT monitoring. Primary healthcare, Region of Valencia, Spain. All patients aged 18years or older on OAT who consulted during the year 2014. The population covered by the 59 doctors of the Health Sentinel Network constitutes 2.2% of the adult population of the Region of Valencia, and it is representative of it. Demographic, socioeconomic and health data as well as information concerning OAT. Quality of OAT management with VKA was assessed by means of the percentage of time in therapeutic range (TTR), computed using the Rosendaal method. A total of 1,144 patients were recorded (mean age 74.5±11 years; 49.7% women). Prevalence of OAT in the Region of Valencia is 1.3 cases per 100 population. The characteristic profile of these patients is an old person, with several comorbidities and a low level of education, who lives accompanied. Atrial fibrillation is the most common indication. 82.8% of patients on OAT with VKA were monitored in primary healthcare. The average TTR was 65.0%, and 53.9% of patients had a TTR ≥65%. Among inadequately controlled patients, 74.4% were perceived as well-controlled by their primary care doctor. Prevalence of OAT is high, and it is expected to increase. The degree of control achieved meets the generally accepted quality standard (mean TTR ≥65%), and it is comparable to that observed in other national and international studies. However, there is wide scope for improvement. It is crucial to optimize the management of this therapy in the most effective and cost-effective way. Among other measures, access of physicians to their patients' clinical information

  19. Regional Analysis of Precipitation at the Valencia and the Alacant Anchor Stations Reference Areas by Means of the Standard Precipitation Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narbon Ramponi, C.; Vidal Vicedo, S.; Perez Hoyos, A.; Nalda Molina, R.; Gomez Rubio, V.; Belda Esplugues, F.; Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    The behaviour and dimensionality of precipitation in the Mediterranean Region determine, in a very significant way, different aspects such as agricultural development, availability of water resources, drought monitoring, etc. Using only this parameter and defining what is known as the Standarized Precipitation Index (SPI), it has been shown that this index is very useful for the study of the climatology of dry and/or wet events and, therefore, it is of high value for the identification and monitoring of climatic droughts. This study shows an analysis of SPI on two semi-arid areas of the Autonomous Region of Valencia (Spain) which are exposed to undergoing periods of drought. They are the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) area which is placed over the natural region of the Utiel-Requena Plateau (west of the province of Valencia), and the Alacant Anchor Station (AAS) area which is placed over the natural region of the Vinalopó Mitjà (west of the province of Alicante). Both stations, separated a distance of about 150 km, are actually twin stations, their representative areas have similar land use and soil types, which allows to consider similar antrophogenic impacts, but they are located in two different climatic zones: the average annual precipitation is about 450 mm in the Valencia Anchor Station area and about 250 mm in the Alacant Anchor Station one. The latter is considered to be the agricultural area objectively most degraded of the Valencia Autonomous Region, of problematic sustainability and easily vulnerable from the viewpoint of water resources. The parallelism between both Anchor Stations and the fact that one of them is under water-stressing conditions, make it appropriate to define a Water Cycle Observatory to study the variations of the climatic and hydrological conditions by studying and comparing meteorological parameters and surface fluxes of radiation, energy and water between both Anchor Station areas. Monthly series of precipitation data have been

  20. Changes in Volatile and Non-Volatile Flavor Chemicals of "Valencia" Orange Juice over the Harvest Seasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Jinhe; Baldwin, Elizabeth A; McCollum, Greg; Plotto, Anne; Manthey, John A; Widmer, Wilbur W; Luzio, Gary; Cameron, Randall

    2016-01-04

    Florida "Valencia" oranges have a wide harvest window, covering four months after first reaching the commercial maturity. However, the influence of harvest time on juice flavor chemicals is not well documented, with the exception of sugars and acids. Therefore, we investigated the major flavor chemicals, volatile (aroma), non-volatile (taste) and mouth feel attributes, in the two harvest seasons (March to June in 2007 and February to May in 2012). Bitter limonoid compounds, limonin and nomilin, decreased gradually. Out of a total of 94 volatiles, 32 increased, 47 peaked mid to late season, and 15 decreased. Juice insoluble solids and pectin content increased over the season; however, pectin methylesterase activity remained unchanged. Fruit harvested in the earlier months had lower flavor quality. Juice from later harvests had a higher sugar/acid ratio with less bitterness, while, many important aroma compounds occurred at the highest concentrations in the middle to late season, but occurred at lower concentrations at the end of the season. The results provide information to the orange juice processing industry for selection of optimal harvest time and for setting of precise blending strategy.

  1. Assessing residential buildings value in Spain for risk analyses. Application to the landslide hazard in the Autonomous Community of Valencia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantarino, I.; Torrijo, F. J.; Palencia, S.; Gielen, E.

    2014-05-01

    This paper proposes a method of valuing the stock of residential buildings in Spain as the first step in assessing possible damage caused to them by natural hazards. For the purposes of the study we had access to the SIOSE (the Spanish Land Use and Cover Information System), a high-resolution land-use model, as well as to a report on the financial valuations of this type of buildings throughout Spain. Using dasymetric disaggregation processes and GIS techniques we developed a geolocalized method of obtaining this information, which was the exposure variable in the general risk assessment formula. If hazard maps and risk assessment methods - the other variables - are available, the risk value can easily be obtained. An example of its application is given in a case study that assesses the risk of a landslide in the entire 23 200 km2 of the Valencia Autonomous Community (NUT2), the results of which are analyzed by municipal areas (LAU2) for the years 2005 and 2009.

  2. Assessing residential building values in Spain for risk analyses - application to the landslide hazard in the Autonomous Community of Valencia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantarino, I.; Torrijo, F. J.; Palencia, S.; Gielen, E.

    2014-11-01

    This paper proposes a method of valuing the stock of residential buildings in Spain as the first step in assessing possible damage caused to them by natural hazards. For the purposes of the study we had access to the SIOSE (the Spanish Land Use and Cover Information System), a high-resolution land-use model, as well as to a report on the financial valuations of this type of building throughout Spain. Using dasymetric disaggregation processes and GIS techniques we developed a geolocalized method of obtaining this information, which was the exposure variable in the general risk assessment formula. Then, with the application over a hazard map, the risk value can be easily obtained. An example of its application is given in a case study that assesses the risk of a landslide in the entire 23 200 km2 of the Valencia Autonomous Community (NUT2), the results of which are analysed by municipal areas (LAU2) for the years 2005 and 2009.

  3. Exploratory Study on Occupational Health Exposure to Chemical Agents, in a Public Hospital in Valencia, Venezuela. Preliminar Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Rojas

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Descriptive study that identified chemicalagents (AQ use and training on risk managementand waste disposal techniques in a publicHospital in Valencia. A questionnaire wasanswered by 48 workers. Information obtainedwas: personal data, occupational history, AQused; knowledge of risk management and wastedisposal. There were 16 occupations from 12“High Risk” areas. “Adult emergency” was theone with more workers (11 individuals, followedby “sterilization” and “clinical laboratory”(7 each and oncology (5. The remained areashad less than 8.3% workers. The most usedanesthetic agents were: Halothane, Enfluoraneand Isofluorane 4.17% each and main antineoplasticsused were: Doxorubicin 16.67% andPaclitaxel, 5-Fluoracil and Etoposide, 8.33%each. The most mentioned substances were:alcohol (70.8% and Chlorine (64.6%. None ofthe answers regarding knowledge of AQ’ riskmanagement and waste disposal was satisfactory.Statistical associations between trainingand several variables such as age, time in theirjob and being or not a professional, resultednon-significant. The correlation between trainingand the knowledge of AQ’s managementwas significant (p < 0.001. Participants showedthat their knowledge about chemical occupationalrisk factors they are exposed to is stillinsufficient. Therefore, this theme should beincluded in graduate course curricula. Theseresults provide important data and will serveas a pilot research for the follow up Phase IIstudy that will include clinical aspects and environmentaland biological monitoring.

  4. Una nueva forma en la cerámica ibérica de San Miguel de Liria (Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo FLETCHER VALLS

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En la campaña de excavaciones llevadas a cabo en 1941, en el ya célebre poblado ibérico de San Miguel de Liria (Valencia, la Edeta de los textos clásicos, la suerte nos deparó, entre los abundantísimos materiales cerámicos, en el departamento señalado con el número 61, el hallazgo de un vaso de gran tamaño, fragmentado por la presión de las tierras, pero, afortunadamente, completo, lo que ha permitido su completa restauración, comprobándose una vez reconstruido, que se trata de una vasija de galbo único hasta la fecha, no sólo entre los múltiples que nos ha proporcionado este yacimiento sino en todo el conjunto de cerámicas ibéricas que conocemos, por lo que juzgamos de interés dar noticias de ia misma, anticipándonos a la completa publicación que de los vasos de este poblado tenemos en prensa.

  5. The sugar industry, political authorities, and scientific institutions in the regulation of saccharin: Valencia (1888-1939).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillem-Llobat, Ximo

    2011-07-01

    In the late-nineteenth century food production and trade were greatly transformed. Changes in the food chain gave rise to new problems connected with food safety and food quality, which caused new controls to be introduced throughout Europe. In this paper I will contribute to ongoing debates by focusing on the regulation of saccharin in an agrarian city in the south of Europe, Valencia. The laboratory-made sweetener was introduced into the food market at the turn of the century, becoming highly controversial shortly afterwards. Several local groups of players got involved in this dispute. The sugar industry was not only an important stakeholder in the passing of some specific laws that were to constrain the use of saccharin, but also the main driver of regulation, primarily in periods when saccharin could become a serious competitor and reduce the sector's profit. Furthermore, the combined work of the sugar industry and the municipal laboratories was essential for the implementation of regulations. It was in such municipal laboratories that scientists played a main role in regulation. My paper will address the commercial disputes linked to the use of saccharin and the limited role of science and scientists in its control.

  6. Multivariate Thermo-Hygrometric Characterisation of the Archaeological Site of Plaza de l’Almoina (Valencia, Spain for Preventive Conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Beltrán

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Preventive conservation requires monitoring and control of the parameters involved in the deterioration process, mainly temperature and relative humidity. It is important to characterise an archaeological site prior to carrying out comparative studies in the future for preventive conservation, either by regular studies to verify whether the conditions are constant, or occasional ones when the boundary conditions are altered. There are numerous covered archaeological sites, but few preventive conservation works that give special attention to the type of cover installed. In particular, there is no background of microclimatic studies in sites that are in the ground and, as in the Plaza de l’Almoina (Valencia, Spain, are buried and partially covered by a transparent roof. A large effect of the transparent cover was found by the sensors located below this area, with substantial increases in temperature and a decrease in the relative humidity during the day. Surrounding zones also have values above the recommended temperature values. On the other hand, the influence of a buried water drainage line near the site is notable, causing an increase in relative humidity levels in the surrounding areas. Multivariate statistical analyses enabled us to characterise the microclimate of the archaeological site, allowing future testing to determine whether the conservation conditions have been altered.

  7. Occurrence and behavior of illicit drugs and metabolites in sewage water from the Spanish Mediterranean coast (Valencia region).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijlsma, Lubertus; Serrano, Roque; Ferrer, Carlos; Tormos, Isabel; Hernández, Félix

    2014-07-15

    In this work, a study on the occurrence and behavior of illicit drugs and metabolites in sewage water systems has been made. A comprehensive dataset was obtained by analyzing illicit drugs daily in influent and effluent waters from three sewage treatment plants (STPs), over three different weeks. To complete this dataset, monitoring was conducted during an international pop/rock festival, an interesting facet within this study. The STPs selected were sited along the Spanish Mediterranean coast (Castellón province, Valencia region) and represent towns of different sizes, with appreciable variations in the population in the summer period. Illicit drug concentrations in the influents were low, except during the celebration of the music festival, when the levels of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, amphetamine, MDA and MDMA increased. Comparing the influent and effluent concentration data allowed the rough estimation of the removal of illicit drugs and metabolites by each STP. Removal efficiencies were estimated between 75 and 100% for most of the analytes under investigation. The loads discharged into the aquatic ecosystem were also calculated from effluent data. Weekly discharges of drugs and metabolites via effluent sewage waters presented values commonly below 10 g for each individual drug, with the exception of benzoylecgonine, which usually exceeded this level. The increase in population and drug consumption during the music event led to a notable increase in the weekly discharges, reaching values up to 406 g of MDMA and 122 g of benzoylecgonine. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Efficacy of six fungicides in the control of Mycosphaerella citri Whiteside in orange cv. 'Valencia' in Tlayecac, Morelos, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagoberto Guillén Sánchez

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of six fungicides for the control greasy spot (Mycosphaerella citri Whiteside in orange (C. sinensis cv. 'Valencia' was evaluated in plots with a randomized block design and six treatments: (Azoxystrobin + Difenoconazole, Flutriafol, Difenoconazole, Benomyl, Copper Oxychloride, Trifloxyistrobin and a control. Three spraying, were made, every fifteen days. During the assay, the incidence, severity and efficacy of the diseases were evaluated. In addition, area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC and disease-progress curve relative in percent (AUDPCr were calculated. The data were processed through a simple ANOVA. As results, the incidence remained unchanged up to 21 days after treatment (DAT, with low values between 1.3 and 5 %, which increased from 28 (DAT (58-96 %. The initially severity was low (0.1-3 % and was increased up to 32 %. The efficacy 7 (DAT had the highest percentages with Benomyl and Trifloxyistrobin (87.5 % and Difenoconazole (75 %. While at 14 (DAT Difenoconazole and Azoxydifem reached 87.5 %. All fungicides reduced the area under the disease-progress curve (AUDPC in relation to the control and in correspondence the lowest cumulative relative percentages of disease-progress curve relative in percent (AUDPCr were obtained by Flutriafol, Benomyl and Trifloxystrobin (8.4, 8.6 and 8.7 %, although without statistical differences with another fungicide, only with the control (11.2 %.

  9. An Analytic Network Process approach for siting a municipal solid waste plant in the Metropolitan Area of Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragonés-Beltrán, Pablo; Pastor-Ferrando, Juan Pascual; García-García, Fernando; Pascual-Agulló, Amadeo

    2010-05-01

    In this paper the Analytic Network Process (ANP) is applied to select the best location for the construction of a municipal solid waste (MSW) plant in the Metropolitan area of Valencia (Spain). Selection of the appropriate MSW facility location can be viewed as a complex multicriteria decision-making problem that requires an extensive evaluation process of the potential MSW plant locations and other factors as diverse as economic, technical, legal, social or environmental issues. The decision-making process includes the identification of six candidate MSW plant sites and 21 criteria grouped into clusters for the construction of a network. Two technicians of the Metropolitan Waste Disposal Agency acted as decision makers (DMs). The influences between the elements of the network were identified and analyzed using the ANP multicriteria decision method. Two different ANP models were used: one hierarchy model (that considers AHP as a particular case of ANP) and another network-based model. The results obtained in each model were compared and analyzed. The strengths and weaknesses of ANP as a multicriteria decision analysis tool are also described in the paper. The main findings of this research have proved that ANP is a useful tool to help technicians to make their decision process traceable and reliable. Moreover, this approach helps DMs undertake a sound reflection of the siting problem. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. High prevalence of subtype 4 among isolates of Blastocystis hominis from symptomatic patients of a health district of Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez-Márquez, M Victoria; Guna, Remedios; Muñoz, Carlos; Gómez-Muñoz, M Teresa; Borrás, Rafael

    2009-10-01

    In order to know the genetic diversity of Blastocystis hominis from a health district of Valencia (Spain) 51 clinical isolates from symptomatic patients, 31 axenic and 20 monoxenic, were ribotyped by analysing the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of amplicons obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of small-subunit of ribosomal DNA genes (SSU-rDNA). For this purpose, DNA was subjected to two independent PCR (RD3-RD5, F1-R1) and to three independent treatments with restrictases (AluI, HinfI and RsaI). The digested DNA was separated electrophoretically, the isolates were clustered into ribotypes (ribodemes, RD3-RD5; subgroups, F1-R1) according to their profiles and the results were translated into genetic subtypes (ST) proposed by a consensus terminology. The results show that the isolates studied are an heterogeneous population and that both PCR-RFLP SSU-rDNA protocols have a similar discriminative power, since it allowed the ribotyping of all isolates and their clustering into four demes: ribodemes 1, 3 and 3-r and 6, which include isolates belonging to subgroup III, IV, V and V-r, respectively; which were assigned to ST1 (2%), ST2 (3.9%) and ST4 (94.1%). The most common of which is a zoonotic subtype (Blastocystis ratti) which includes, according to recent studies, non-pathogenic and pathogenic variants.

  11. Status epilepticus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hensiek, AE; Absalom, Anthony

    2006-01-01

    Status epilepticus is defined as epileptic activity that continues for more than 30 minutes as a single seizure or as recurrent seizures without inter-ictal return of consciousness. The seizure activity is usually classified as partial or generalized. Although status epilepticus is an uncommon

  12. [Influence of breakfast on cognitive functions of children from an urban area in Valencia, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez Acosta, M; Sutil de Naranjo, R; Rivas de Yépez, C E; Rincón Silva, M; Torres, M; Yépez, R D; Portillo, Z

    2001-03-01

    It's well known that physical growth and intellectual activity is influenced by nutritional status. With the purpose of evaluate the fasting effects on the cognitive functions, anthropometric state and cognitive functions (logic and school work performance), under fasting and post-breakfast condition were assessed in a group of 68 school children age 9 and 10 years, who studied in a private school (1998-1999). Logic reasoning was measured with Raven test and attention, precision, velocity and fatigue with the Lepez test. The main of the children (80%) were well-nourished and 20% had showed overweight. At breakfast condition all subjects were over 50 percentil for Raven test. Consumption of breakfast influence on logic reasoning (p cognitive performance.

  13. Use of quality indicators for long-term evaluation of heavy metals content in soils of an agro-ecological protected wetland: L'Albufera de Valencia Natural Park, Valencia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Aguilar, Juan Antonio; Andreu, Vicente; Palop, Carla

    2015-04-01

    Due to the social, economical and environmental importance of agro-ecological wetlands, strategies for periodical evaluation of their environmental quality should be developed, particularly in those areas were a mixture of land uses are supporting the survival of wildlife and migrant species as is the case of most Mediterranean coastal wetlands. The aim of this work is to develop a strategy for a long-term assessment of the environmental quality of soils in a rice-wetland: L'Albufera Natural Park, Spain, in the surroundings of the metropolitan area of Valencia. The area was officially declared as Natural Park in 1986, integrating both the traditional irrigation system and the ecological importance derived from being a Mediterranean Wetland that is now transformed to a large extent in a rice-wetland allowing the presence of a large variety of migrant spices. The methodology consisted in the monitoring of 20 sites distributed in 5 sectors in and around the natural park of potentially contrasting anthropogenic pressure and land use. Soil samples collection were instrumented in two campaigns. The first one was in 1989 (three years after the official declaration as Natural Park of the wetland), and the second 19 years later in 2008. Seven heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) were analyzed to determine its total and extractable fractions by treatment with EDTA. Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, using graphite furnace when necessary, was used for the determination of metals. To evaluate the quality of soils at each sampling date four indicators were obtained, namely, Contamination Factor (CF), Geoaccumulation Index (Igeo), Pollution Load Index (PLI) and Potential Ecological Risk Index (PERI). Results obtained with quality indicators were further compared to obtain temporal and spatial trends using Geographical Information systems procedures. In general, there is a reduction of metal contents in the study area in both dates. The trend of metals according to average

  14. Stock Status

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data inform the public of the most recent stock status for all stocks (FSSI and non-FSSI) in the fishery management unit contained in a fishery managment plan....

  15. Ensanche del puente del Ángel Custodio sobre el río Turia – Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fornés Domenech, J.

    1967-12-01

    Full Text Available The project comprises the widening of the existing bridge from 15 m to 31.60 m, and providing two traffic lanes, each 10.40 m Wide, and two sidewalks, of 2.40 m width, as well as two protection zones, 0.50 in width, and a central separating section of 5 m. The bridge has 6 spans, each 20 m long, and two half circular vaults, of 5 m diameter, at each end of the bridge. The bridge had to maintain its present span arrangement, since it has been widened only on one side. The sinking of piles, and the building of the span supports was completed in six months. The 20 m span beams, on which the reinforced concrete bridge slab rests were to be cast at the site, but after careful study by the site management engineer and the contractors it was decided to built them on the river bed, and lift them by means of a crane, to shorten the construction time. This saves time, and made it unnecessary to close the traffic over the existing bridge; an important factor, since the bridge connects the roads from Valencia, Barcelona and Alicante. The mean time taken in attaching, lifting and placing each beam was 18 minutes.El proyecto comprende el ensanche del puente actual de 15 m de anchura a 31,60 m, quedando con dos vías de 10,40 m, dos andenes de 2,40 m, dos zonas de protección de 0,50 m cada una y una mediana de 5 m. La sección longitudinal consta de seis vanos de 20 m de luz y dos bóvedas de medio punto de 5 m de diámetro situadas en las embocaduras. Había que darle al puente las mismas características actuales, puesto que el ensanche se hace por un solo lado. Pilotaje y alzado de pilas quedaron terminados en 6 meses. Las vigas de 20 m de luz sobre las que apoya el tablero de hormigón armado se preveía debían construirse in situ; pero estudiado conjuntamente por la Dirección de Obra y Empresa Constructora, se determinó prefabricarlas en el lecho del río y elevarlas con grúa para reducir el plazo de ejecución. De esta manera se consigue un ahorro

  16. The barbers of the city of Valencia during the 15th century through the books of criminal justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferragud, Carmel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available During the 15th century, the city of Valencia increased considerably in population thanks to a strong immigration. The opportunities that the capital of the kingdom offered were numberless and many medical assistants saw a market that could satisfy their interests, in a time where medicine and its practitioners were considered indispensable. At the same time, the training as a barber must have become an incentive and a way for the social integration. However, the permanent increase of barbers caused diffi culties in integrating themselves in the labour market. That turned into hatred and confrontations with the economical and professional bases, in order to obtain a place in the competitive urban market. A stage where health and illness had become a merchandise, and medicine a good way of earning a living and promoting oneself socially.

    [ca] Durant el segle XV, la ciutat de València augmentà considerablement la seua població gràcies a una forta immigració. Les oportunitats que oferia la capital del regne eren innombrables i molts practicants de la medicina veieren un mercat que podia satisfer els seus interessos, en un temps on la medicina i els seus practicants eren considerats imprescindibles. Al mateix temps, la formació com a barber degué convertirse en un al·licient i via per a la integració social. Tanmateix, l’augment permanent de barbers va difi cultar la seua integració en el mercat laboral i això es traduí en odis i enfrontaments amb una base econòmica i professional, per tal d’aconseguir guanyar un lloc en el competitiu mercat urbà. Un escenari on la salut i la malaltia havien esdevingut una mercaderia més, i la medicina una bona forma de guanyar-se la vida i promocionarse socialment.

  17. CNES and ESA CAROLS Airborne Campaigns at the Valencia Anchor Station in the framework of SMOS Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto; Antolín, Carmen; Abalos, Beatriz; Alcantara, Mireia; Andres, Clara; Carbo, Ester; Castaneda del Alamo, Carmen; Amparo Coll, M.; Herrero Isern, Juan; Kerr, Yann H.; Parde, Mickael; Requena, Fernando; Saleh, Kauzar; Torre, Elena; Wingneron, J.-P.; Zribi, Mehrez

    This communication will present the main results of a series of airborne campaigns conducted at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) site for the implementation of the SMOS emission model L-MEB (L-band Microwave Emission model of the Biosphere, Wigneron et al., 2007), in the framework of the validation of SMOS land data and products. CNES CAROLS campaigns: In 2009, the L-band CAROLS (Combined Airborne Radio-instruments for Ocean and Land Studies) radiometer was flown on three occasions over an area of 1500 km2 covering vineyards, shrub land and Mediterranean pine forest. Main results of CAROLS 2009 will be presented in this communication, and the emphasis will be on comparing local to regional scale results given that CAROLS flights were performed at 4000 m above the surface. ESA-CNES CAROLS campaigns: In 2010, the L-band CAROLS radiometer was flown on four occasions over an area of about 20 km x 20 km containing a large number of homogeneous units (`environmental units'), with flight lines performed at approximately 2200 m above sea level and in alternate E-W and W-E directions in order to have multi-angular signatures over the same area, and avoid potential RFI in Western Spain. The preliminary results of this campaign will be presented in this communication, and the emphasis will be the validation of the L-MEB model. Reference Wigneron, J.-P., Kerr, Y., Waldteufel, P., Saleh, K., Escorihuela, M.-J., Richaume, P., Ferraz-zoli, P., Grant, J. P., Hornbuckle, B., de Rosnay, P., Calvet, J.-C., Pellarin, T., Gurney, R., Mützler, C. (2007): L-band Microwave Emission of the Biosphere (L-MEB) Model: description a and calibration against experimental data sets over crop fields, Remote Sensing of Environment, 107, 639-655.

  18. Clinical implementation and failure mode and effects analysis of HDR skin brachytherapy using Valencia and Leipzig surface applicators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayler, Elaine; Eldredge-Hindy, Harriet; Dinome, Jessie; Lockamy, Virginia; Harrison, Amy S

    2015-01-01

    The planning procedure for Valencia and Leipzig surface applicators (VLSAs) (Nucletron, Veenendaal, The Netherlands) differs substantially from CT-based planning; the unfamiliarity could lead to significant errors. This study applies failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) to high-dose-rate (HDR) skin brachytherapy using VLSAs to ensure safety and quality. A multidisciplinary team created a protocol for HDR VLSA skin treatments and applied FMEA. Failure modes were identified and scored by severity, occurrence, and detectability. The clinical procedure was then revised to address high-scoring process nodes. Several key components were added to the protocol to minimize risk probability numbers. (1) Diagnosis, prescription, applicator selection, and setup are reviewed at weekly quality assurance rounds. Peer review reduces the likelihood of an inappropriate treatment regime. (2) A template for HDR skin treatments was established in the clinic's electronic medical record system to standardize treatment instructions. This reduces the chances of miscommunication between the physician and planner as well as increases the detectability of an error. (3) A screen check was implemented during the second check to increase detectability of an error. (4) To reduce error probability, the treatment plan worksheet was designed to display plan parameters in a format visually similar to the treatment console display, facilitating data entry and verification. (5) VLSAs are color coded and labeled to match the electronic medical record prescriptions, simplifying in-room selection and verification. Multidisciplinary planning and FMEA increased detectability and reduced error probability during VLSA HDR brachytherapy. This clinical model may be useful to institutions implementing similar procedures. Copyright © 2015 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Modification of carotenoid levels by abscission agents and expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes in 'valencia' sweet orange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alferez, Fernando; Pozo, Luis V; Rouseff, Russell R; Burns, Jacqueline K

    2013-03-27

    The effect of 5-chloro-3-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (CMNP) and ethephon on peel color, flavedo carotenoid gene expression, and carotenoid accumulation was investigated in mature 'Valencia' orange ( Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) fruit flavedo at three maturation stages. Abscission agent application altered peel color. CMNP was more effective than ethephon in promoting green-to-red (a) and blue-to-yellow (b) color at the middle and late maturation stages and total carotenoid changes at all maturation stages. Altered flow of carotenoid precursors during maturation due to abscission agents was suggested by changes in phytoene desaturase (Pds) and ζ-carotene desaturase (Zds) gene expression. However, each abscission agent affected downstream expression differentially. Ethephon application increased β-carotene hydroxilase (β-Chx) transcript accumulation 12-fold as maturation advanced from the early to middle and late stages. CMNP markedly increased β- and ε-lycopene cyclase (Lcy) transcript accumulation 45- and 15-fold, respectively, at midmaturation. Patterns of carotenoid accumulation in flavedo were supported in part by gene expression changes. CMNP caused greater accumulation of total flavedo carotenoids at all maturation stages when compared with ethephon or controls. In general, CMNP treatment increased total red carotenoids more than ethephon or the control but decreased total yellow carotenoids at each maturation stage. In control fruit flavedo, total red carotenoids increased and yellow carotenoids decreased as maturation progressed. Trends in total red carotenoids during maturation were consistent with measured a values. Changes in carotenoid accumulation and expression patterns in flavedo suggest that regulation of carotenoid accumulation is under transcriptional, translational, and post-translational control.

  20. A Multilevel Analysis of Real-World Variations in Oral Anticoagulation Initiation for Atrial Fibrillation in Valencia, a European Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal García-Sempere

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Beyond clinical trials, clinical practice guidelines, and administrative regulation, treatment decision-making can be influenced by individual and contextual factors. Our goal was to describe variations in the patterns of initiation of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation by Health Areas (HA in the region of Valencia in Spain and to quantify the influence of the HAs on variations in treatment choice.Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of all atrial fibrillation patients who started treatment with oral anticoagulants between November 2011 and February 2014 in each of the region's 24 HAs. We described patient and utilization characteristics per HA and initiation patterns over time, and we identified contextual and individual factors associated with differences in initiation patterns.Results: 21,879 patients initiated treatment with an oral anticoagulant in the 24 HAs. Initiation with direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC in the first year was 14.6%. In November 2013 the ratio was 25.4%, with HA ratios ranging from 3.8 to 57.1%. DOAC-initiating patients had less comorbidity but were more likely to present episodes of previous ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or TIA when compared with patients initiating with VKA treatment. Variability among HAs was statistically significant, with the majority of HAs ranking above or below the regional initiation average (ICC ≈ 8%.Conclusion: There was high variability in the percentage of DOAC initiation and in the choice of DOAC among HAs. Interventions aimed to improve DOAC initiation decision-making and to reduce variations should take into account the Health Area component.

  1. Enterobacter and Klebsiella species isolated from fresh vegetables marketed in Valencia (Spain) and their clinically relevant resistances to chemotherapeutic agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falomir, María Pilar; Rico, Hortensia; Gozalbo, Daniel

    2013-12-01

    Occurrence of antibiotic-resistant pathogenic or commensal enterobacteria in marketed agricultural foodstuffs may contribute to their incorporation into the food chain and constitutes an additional food safety concern. In this work, we have determined the clinically relevant resistances to 11 common chemotherapeutic agents in Enterobacter and Klebsiella isolates from fresh vegetables from various sources (supermarkets and greengrocers' shops in Valencia, Spain). A total of 96 isolates were obtained from 160 vegetables analyzed (50% positive samples): 68 Enterobacter isolates (59 E. cloacae, two E. aerogenes, two E. cancerogenus, one E. gergoviae, and four E. sakazakii, currently Cronobacter spp.), and 28 Klebsiella isolates (19 K. oxytoca and 9 K. pneumoniae). Only seven isolates were susceptible to all agents tested, and no resistances to ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and chloramphenicol were detected. Most isolates were resistant to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (74 [58 Enterobacter and 16 Klebsiella]) or to ampicillin (80 [55/25]). Other resistances were less frequent: nitrofurantoin (13 isolates [12/1]), tetracycline (6 [5/1]), co-trimoxazole (3 [3/0]), cefotaxime (1 [1/0]), and streptomycin (2 [1/1]). Multiresistant isolates to two (56 [41/15]), three (10 E. cloacae isolates), four (one E. cloacae and one K. pneumoniae isolate), and five (two E. cloacae isolates) chemotherapeutic agents were also detected. The presence of potential pathogens points to marketed fresh produce, which often is eaten raw, as a risk factor for consumer health. In addition, these results support the usefulness of these bacterial species as indicators of the spreading of antibiotic resistances into the environment, particularly in the food chain, and suggest their role as carriers of resistance determinants from farms to consumers, which may constitute an additional "silent" food safety concern. Therefore, there is a need to improve the hygienic quality of marketed fresh

  2. Salinity tolerance of 'Valencia' orange trees on rootstocks with contrasting salt tolerance is not improved by moderate shade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Sánchez, F; Syvertsen, J P; Martínez, V; Melgar, J C

    2006-01-01

    The effects of shading in combination with salinity treatments were studied in citrus trees on two rootstocks with contrasting salt tolerance to determine if shading could reduce the negative effects of salinity stress. Well-nourished 2-year-old 'Valencia' orange trees grafted on Cleopatra mandarin (Cleo, relatively salt tolerant) or Carrizo citrange (Carr, relatively salt sensitive), were grown either under a 50% shade cloth or left unshaded in full sunlight. Half the trees received no salinity treatment and half were salinized with 50 mM Cl- during two 9 week salinity periods in the spring and autumn interrupted by an 11 week rainy period. The shade treatment reduced midday leaf temperature and leaf-to-air vapour pressure deficit regardless of salinity treatments. In non-salinized trees, shade increased midday CO2 assimilation rate (A(CO2)) and stomatal conductance, but had no effect on leaf transpiration (E(lf)). Shade also increased leaf chlorophyll and photosynthetic water use efficiency (A(CO2)/E(lf)) in leaves on both rootstocks and increased total plant dry weight in Cleo. The salinity treatment reduced leaf growth and leaf gas exchange parameters. Shade decreased Cl- concentrations in leaves of salinized Carr trees, but had no effect on leaf or root Cl- of trees on Cleo. There were no significant differences in leaf gas exchange parameters of shaded and unshaded salinized plants but the growth reduction from salinity stress was actually greater for shaded than for unshaded trees. Shaded trees on both rootstocks had higher leaf Na+ than unshaded trees after the first salinity period, and this shade-induced elevated leaf Na+ persisted after the second salinity period in trees on Carr. Thus, shading did not alleviate the negative effects of salinity on growth and Na+ accumulation.

  3. [Genetic diversity of rotavirus group a: correlation between G3 type and severity of the infection. Valencia, Venezuela].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, Rosabel; Rivero, Lisbeth

    2013-03-01

    Genetic and antigenic rotavirus (RV) variabilities may have implications in the severity of the infection caused by these agents; however the studies are not conclusive. For that purpose, the mean severity scores of diarrhea episodes caused by RV types G1 and G3 were compared, at Ciudad Hospitalaria "Dr. Enrique Tejera" in Valencia, Venezuela, between 2001-2005. RV were identified by ELISA, G and P types by RT-PCR. The severity of infection was determined using the Ruuska-Vesikari system and the mean severity values were compared using the Student's t-test (two-tailed, 95% CI). RV were detected in 24.5% of patients (3193/13026), being G3 the most common (50.3%), followed by G1 (39.2%), G9 (6.2%), G2 (0.6%), G4 (0.6%) and of mixed infection 3.1% (G1 + G3). Type P[8] was present in 87.3% of samples, 10.9% P[4] and 1.8% P[6]. There were not statistically significant differences (P > or = 0.05) observed between the episodes caused by G1 and G3 when age, breast feeding, and degrees of malnutrition and dehydration were considered. Nevertheless, in the G3 positive group, fever, episodes of more than 6 days, 6 or more evacuations in 24 hours and 3 or more days with vomit, were observed. The mean severity score for the G3 episodes (11.1) was significantly higher (P rotavirus vaccine.

  4. La cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (II: el ámbito alegórico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Mahíques, Rafael

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Iconographical study of the frescoes of the cupola of the Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados (Valencia, painted by Antonio Palomino between 1701 and 1704. The author analyses the historical and allegorical aspects of the ensemble. The historical aspect is represented by miracles of the Virgin depicted on cartouches simulating monochrome bas-reliefs. The allegorical aspect appears in personifications of certain invocations of the Litany of Loreto (Salus, Refugium, Solatium and Auxilium, two others refer to the Virgin of the Destitute (Diligentia and Pietas, and as a corollary, the emblem of the crow feeding its young with its own blood, under the motto Desertorum Protectio. This article continues and completes “La Cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (I: El ámbito de la Gloria” (AEA, nº 317.

    Estudio iconográfico de los frescos de la cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia, obra de Antonio Palomino realizada entre 1701 y 1704. Aproximación a un análisis del ámbito histórico-alegórico del conjunto. El aspecto histórico es figurado con unos milagros de la Virgen representados en unas cartelas que simulan relieves monocromos. Lo alegórico se significa con unas personificaciones sobre algunas de las invocaciones de la Letanía Lauretana: Salus, Refugium, Solatium y Auxilium; otras dos referidas a la Virgen de los Desamparados: Diligentia y Pietas; y como corolario el emblema del cuervo que alimenta a sus pollos con la propia sangre, bajo el lema Desertorum Protectio. Este artículo guarda continuidad con otro anterior titulado: “La Cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (I: El ámbito de la Gloria”, completándose así el estudio (AEA, núm 317.

  5. Un modelo romano para la arquitectura eclesiástica española del siglo XVIII: la planta claustral en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    González Tornel, Pablo

    2011-01-01

    In the first half of the 18th century a series of proposals for the renewal of ecclesiastical typology were put for- ward in Valencia and its sphere of influence. The knowledge of Roman precedents enabled the construction of churches with large side naves covered with a succession of domes to create what was known as the cloister or criptocolateral (meaning a central nave with smaller side naves) plan. This article looks at the churches that were built in line with this typology and at the ar...

  6. Hábitos del sueño infantil en el seguimiento de 0-3 años en Rocafort (Valencia) : pautas educativas

    OpenAIRE

    Cádiz Inclán, Emilia

    2013-01-01

    El problema de estudio es mostrar los hábitos de sueño infantil y señalar unas pautas educativas para niños entre 0-3 años en Rocafort (Valencia) desde la perspectiva cultural y educativa actual que proporciona la pedagogía a día de hoy. En el marco teórico del trabajo me posiciono epistemológicamente desde esta perspectiva cultural y educativa porque “solo podía hacer el recorrido intelectual para construir conocimiento como pedagoga que soy”. Me apropio para las bases teóricas tanto del ...

  7. Dieta, tabaco y su relación con sobrepeso, presión arterial y frecuencia cardiaca en alumnos y personal de la Universidad de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Corella, D.; Fernández-Carrión, R.; Ferriz, E.; Arnandis, C.; Barragán, R.; Mestre, M.V.

    2017-01-01

    Introducción: La Universidad de Valencia (UV) forma parte de la Red Española de Universidades Saludables desde hace 5 años. Desde entonces ha puesto en marcha distintas iniciativas relacionadas con la promoción de la salud. Conseguir una alimentación más saludable y disminuir el consumo de tabaco han sido objetivos iniciales. Para conocer la prevalencia se diseñaron varios tipos de cuestionarios (presencial, online, etc.). La administración presencial permite medir otras variables relacionada...

  8. 6 June 2008 - Chancellor F. Tomàs Vert, University of Valencia, visiting ATLAS control room and experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Mona Schweizer

    2008-01-01

    6 June 2008 - Chancellor F. Tomàs Vert, University of Valencia, visiting ATLAS control room and experimental area with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni. Other participants: Prof. Francisco José Botella, Director, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, University of València and CSIC Prof. José Peñarrocha, Dean, Faculty of Physics Prof. Antonio Ferrer, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, University of València and CSIC Prof. Antonio Pich, University of València, Member of IFIC (CSIC - Univ. València), Coordinator of CPAN, Spanish National Centre for Particle, Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics.

  9. La Comisión Provincial de Monumentos Históricos y Artísticos de Valencia (1844-1983)

    OpenAIRE

    Delicado Martínez, Francisco Javier

    2013-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral en su planteamiento general acomete el estudio de los orígenes, vicisitudes, trayectoria y evolución de la Comisión Provincial de Monumentos, referidos y concernientes tanto a la ciudad de Valencia como a las principales poblaciones de su demarcación territorial (Alzira, Carcaixent, Llíria, Montesa, Oliva, Sagunto, Requena, Xàtiva,...), recabando la incidencia, informes y legislación de su entorno, organismo para cuyo fin fue creado –como en otras provincias español...

  10. Evaluation of high-resolution forecasts with the non-hydrostaticnumerical weather prediction model Lokalmodell for urban air pollutionepisodes in Helsinki, Oslo and Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Fay

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The operational numerical weather prediction model Lokalmodell LM with 7,km horizontal resolution was evaluated for forecasting meteorological conditions during observed urban air pollution episodes. The resolution was increased to experimental 2.8 km and 1.1 km resolution by one-way interactive nesting without introducing urbanisation of physiographic parameters or parameterisations. The episodes examined are two severe winter inversion-induced episodes in Helsinki in December 1995 and Oslo in January 2003, three suspended dust episodes in spring and autumn in Helsinki and Oslo, and a late-summer photochemical episode in the Valencia area. The evaluation was basically performed against observations and radiosoundings and focused on the LM skill at forecasting the key meteorological parameters characteristic for the specific episodes. These included temperature inversions, atmospheric stability and low wind speeds for the Scandinavian episodes and the development of mesoscale recirculations in the Valencia area. LM forecasts often improved due to higher model resolution especially in mountainous areas like Oslo and Valencia where features depending on topography like temperature, wind fields and mesoscale valley circulations were better described. At coastal stations especially in Helsinki, forecast gains were due to the improved physiographic parameters (land fraction, soil type, or roughness length. The Helsinki and Oslo winter inversions with extreme nocturnal inversion strengths of 18°C were not sufficiently predicted with all LM resolutions. In Helsinki, overprediction of surface temperatures and low-level wind speeds basically led to underpredicted inversion strength. In the Oslo episode, the situation was more complex involving erroneous temperature advection and mountain-induced effects for the higher resolutions. Possible explanations include the influence of the LM treatment of snow cover, sea ice and stability-dependence of transfer

  11. Análisis estadístico de la actividad integral desarrollada por la Unidad de Grandes Quemados del Hospital La Fe de Valencia.

    OpenAIRE

    Quel Benedicto, Miguel B.

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo centra su área de interés en la evaluación de los resultados y costes de la Unidad de Quemados del Hospital Universitario La Fe de Valencia entre 1969 y 2010, por medio de indicadores. Los indicadores epidemiológicos son herramientas muy útiles porque permiten medir el alcance y la evolución temporal de las quemaduras. Una dificultad para lograr indicadores epidemiológicos comparables son los diferentes enfoques metodológicos existentes, la variación producida en los medi...

  12. La cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (I: el ámbito de la gloria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Mahíques, Rafael

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Iconographical study of the frescoes of the cupola of the Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados of Valencia, a work by Antonio Palomino, painted between 1701 and 1704. It is an approach to the analysis of the scope of the Celestial Glory. Here the Virgin appears as Queen and intercessor before the Throne of Grace, where, according to the iconographical tradition, St John The Baptist is included, and the arma Christi carried by angels. Around this nucleus they are arranged the Fortunate, grouped by the criterion of the Litany of Loreto, in which Mary is invoked with the titles of Queen of the Angels, of the Patriarchs, Prophets, Apostles, Martyrs, Confessors, Virgins and All the Saints. This article keeps continuity with another one previous titled. “La Cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (y II: El ámbito Histórico-Alegórico”, with which the study is completed.

    Estudio iconográfico de los frescos de la cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia, obra de Antonio Palomino realizada entre 1701 y 1704. Aproximación a un análisis del ámbito de la Gloria celestial. Aquí la Virgen aparece como reina e intercesora ante el Trono de Gracia, en donde, de acuerdo con la tradición iconográfica, se incluye a San Juan Bautista y los arma Christi portados por ángeles. En torno a este núcleo se disponen los bienaventurados, agrupados bajo el criterio de la Letanía Lauretana, en la cual María es invocada con los títulos de Reina de los Ángeles, de los Patriarcas, Profetas, Apóstoles, Mártires, Confesores, Vírgenes y de Todos los Santos. Este artículo tiene continuidad con otro titulado: “La Cúpula de la Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados de Valencia (y II: El ámbito Histórico-Alegórico”, con el cual se completa el estudio.

  13. Estudio de la dinámica poblacional del lepidóptero Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) en la provincia de Valencia.

    OpenAIRE

    López Sebastián, Emili

    2014-01-01

    Se estudió la dinámica poblacional de Thaumetopoea pityocampa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) (Lepidoptera; Notodontidae) en cinco áreas de pinar ubicadas en el norte de la provincia de Valencia (España): Loma Valluenga (Rincón de Ademuz), Los Ances, La Jarilla y Las Umbrías (Los Serranos) y Pla de l’Albercoquer-Corral de Pija (Camp de Túria); la primera y última de estas masas forestales son de origen natural y regeneración espontánea, mientras que el resto son repoblaciones de origen artific...

  14. INFLUENCIA DE UNA COBERTURA DE Neonotonia wightii EN LOS CAMBIOS FLORÍSTICOS DE UNA PLANTACIÓN DE NARANJA VALENCIA LATE (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck)

    OpenAIRE

    I. R. Gutiérrez; María Borroto; Pérez, G.; Lourdes Gómez

    2002-01-01

    La necesidad de disminuir el consumo de agrotóxicos para el control de malezas en el cultivo de los cítricos, condiciona la búsqueda de alternativas viables en la esfera agroecológica, razones por las que en la Cooperativa de Producción Agropecuaria ¿José Martí¿ en Ceballos, provincia de Ciego de Avila, se evaluaron los efectos que una cobertura viva de la leguminosa Neonotonia wightii produjo en la composición florística de las ¿calles¿ de una plantación de naranja Valencia Late (Citrus sine...

  15. Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus detection by Polymerase Chain Reaction and their relation to dental caries in 12 and 15 year-old schoolchildren in Valencia (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez Acedo, Mateo; Montiel Company, José María; Dasí Fernández, Francisco; Almerich Silla, José Manuel

    2013-01-01

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus and the association of the two in a random sample (n=614) of the child population of the region of Valencia (Spain). Saliva samples were analyzed by the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to study the relation of these bacteria to caries prevalence and the DMFT index. The prevalence of S. mutans was 35.4% at age 12 and 22.9% at age 15, that of S. sobrinus 18....

  16. Efectos de la crisis económica en el proceso migratorio de las mujeres bolivianas y venezolanas en la ciudad de Valencia.

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Almao, Norma

    2015-01-01

    Se trata de una investigación sociológica sobre los efectos de la crisis económica que ha vivido España a partir de 2008 en la situción económica, laboral, familiar y social, de las mujeres inmigrantes procedentes de Bolivia y de Venezuela en la ciudad de Valencia. Además del marco conceptual sobre la nueva oleada migratoria internacional en el contexto de la globalización económica y de los diferentes enfoques teóricos socioeconómicos en el estudio de las migraciones, se analizan en gene...

  17. Biophysical parameters analysis over the Valencia Anchor Station in the framework of SMOS Vegetation Optical Depth Validation Activities (2010-2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgado Hernanz, Paula Maria; Fernandez Moran, Roberto; Wigneron, Jean Pierre; Lopez Baeza, Ernesto

    2014-05-01

    The SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Mission was successfully launched on 2nd November 2009 as the second ESA Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission within the framework of ESA's Living Planet Programme. Referring to continental surfaces, one of the main objectives of SMOS is to improve the knowledge of the Earth's Water Cycle through the global observation of soil moisture and the study of the effect of vegetation. The Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) is a relatively homogeneous area of 50 x 50 km2 composed mainly by vineyards (65%) and other Mediterranean vegetation cover types (30%). It is placed in the natural region of the Utiel - Requena Plateau, about 80 km west of the city of Valencia. The VAS was selected by ESA and the SMOS Science Group in October 2006 as one of the core validation sites for SMOS land data and products, and it is currently a long term validation site of SMOS level 2 and 3 products. In addition, it is being considered in the framework of the forthcoming NASA SMAP (Soil Moisture Active and Passive) and ESA SENTINEL-3 OLCI (Ocean & Land Colour Instrument) validation activities. The study establishes an analysis of the biophysical parameter vegetation optical depth (TAU) taken from the SMOS satellite level 3 products and from the microwave L-band ESA radiometer ELBARA-II situated at the MELBEX-III site (Mediterranean Ecosystem L-Band Characterization Experiment) at the Valencia Anchor Station. The vegetation optical depth parameter depends on vegetation water content (VWC), biomass, vegetation dynamics and transmissivity of the plant. Consequently, the objective of this study is to assess, in the Valencia Anchor Station area, the relationship of TAU SMOS and TAU ELBARA-II with other vegetation indices related with different vegetation characteristics. On the one hand, TAU is correlated with the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) obtained from MODIS and, on the other hand, with the Leaf Area

  18. Los Contables de la Taula de Canvis de Valencia (1519-1649). Su Formación Teórica y Práctica

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Mayordomo García-Chicote

    2000-01-01

    La gestión contable de la Taula de Canvis de Valencia (siglos XVI-XVII) corría a cargo de dos notarios públicos y tres mercaderes, los cuales se responsabilizaban de la contabilidad principal y auxiliar de este Banco municipal, por lo que estos profesionales debían ser expertos en el art mercantivol (peritos en aritmética mercantil y contabilidad); conocimientos que eran intrínsecos a la profesión de mercader. También hemos comprobado que eran expertos en el arte mercantil los notarios que es...

  19. Las Competencias Legales del Racional en la Organización Administrativa y Contable del Municipio de Valencia (Comienzos del Siglo XVII)

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Mayordomo García-Chicote

    2005-01-01

    La organización administrativa y contable de los mayores municipios españoles, a comienzos del XVII, es un tema que apenas ha sido abordado por los investigadores de la historia de la Contabilidad y del Derecho. En este trabajo se estudian los textos legales (Capitols del Quitament y Ordenanzas de la Taula de Canvis) que regulaban aquellas cuestiones en relación con la ciudad de Valencia, y sobre todo se hace un detenido análisis del cargo municipal (el Racional) que se responsabilizaba de la...

  20. Análisis y diseño de base de datos de documentos históricos: las ordenanzas municipales de la Ciudad de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Martí, Antonio

    2017-01-01

    El trabajo consiste en la aplicación de la tecnología de diseño de Bases de Datos al análisis de documentación histórica: concretamente a la emitida por el Consell Municipal de Valencia en época bajomedieval. Esa aplicación da como resultado un instrumento informático donde se inserta esa información de forma estructurada. Desde un punto de vista conceptual, el trabajo se inserta en la línea de investigación denominada Humanidades Digitales, y que básicamente consisten en la ut...

  1. Plan de negocio para la creación de una empresa de logística-distribución internacional, situada en España, (Valencia).

    OpenAIRE

    CABANES SÁEZ, RAFAEL

    2016-01-01

    [ES] El Proyecto Fin de Carrera trata de estudiar la puesta en funcionamiento y posterior desarrollo de una empresa dedicada a ser intermediarios entre el cliente y el proveedor, de modo que la empresa se dedica a contratar el transporte para que tanto clientes como proveedores queden satisfechos en plazo y precio. En la Licenciatura de Administración y Dirección de Empresas en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia podemos encontrar un gran volumen de asignaturas que nos ayudarán a realiz...

  2. PLAN DE EMPRESA PARA LA PUESTA EN FUNCIONAMIENTO DE UNA EMPRESA DEDICADA A LA VENTA, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DE EQUIPOS INFORMÁTICOS Y APLICACIÓN DE DOMÓTICA EN LA PROVINCIA DE VALENCIA

    OpenAIRE

    GARCÍA MUÑOZ, ENRIQUE

    2014-01-01

    El objeto del presente Trabajo Final de Carrera es el desarrollo de un plan de empresa para estudiar la viabilidad de la apertura de un negocio de informática y domótica en la ciudad de Valencia. Se trata de aperturar una tienda en un local comercial en Valencia, el cual dispondrá de un almacén, un taller, una oficina y la propia tienda en la que se desarrollará la actividad de la empresa que consiste en la venta, reparación y mantenimiento de equipos informáticos. Además la empresa tendrá un...

  3. Creación de una página web para la recomendación de rutas turísticas planificadas en la ciudad de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    CRESPO TAPIA, JAVIER

    2013-01-01

    Este proyecto consiste en la creación de un entorno web como interfaz de un sistema de recomendación de rutas por la ciudad de Valencia. Este sistema de recomendación ha sido desarrollado por el Grupo de Tecnología Informática - Inteligencia Artificial del Departamento de Sistemas Informáticos y Computación de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia. A grandes rasgos, este sistema de recomendación ofrece una ruta turística personalizada al perfil del usuario. El proyecto utiliza HTML, CSS, Jav...

  4. ANÁLISIS DE LA GESTIÓN A TRAVÉS DE LA FUNDACIÓN DEPORTIVA MUNICIPAL DE VALENCIA EN LA ÚLTIMA DÉCADA Y PROPUESTAS DE MEJORA

    OpenAIRE

    MARTÍNEZ NAVARRO, MARÍA FELICIDAD

    2013-01-01

    El Ayuntamiento de Valencia gestiona el deporte mediante un modelo de gestión muy consolidado en el tiempo, organiza su Delegación de Deportes a través de su Servicio de Deportes, el cual actúa como unidad y soporte administrativo e incluye como Organismo Autónomo Local a la Fundación Deportiva Municipal de Valencia, la cual lleva a cabo sus actuaciones, de acuerdo con sus estatutos, con una doble finalidad: -por un lado, actuando como oficina técnica del Ayuntamiento en ...

  5. Estrategias didácticas innovadoras en la enseñanza de las ciencias : Estudio de caso: los maestros del Patronato de Educación Rural de Valencia (1958-1985)

    OpenAIRE

    García Ferrandis, Ignacio

    2017-01-01

    Este trabajo aborda la reintroducción de estrategias didácticas en ciencias experimentales en el mundo rural de la provincia de Valencia que tuvo lugar a partir de los años 60 del siglo pasado. Para ello se han analizado documentos relativos al Patronato de Educación Rural (1958-1985), organismo dependiente de la Diputación de Valencia constituido con el objetivo de mejorar la educación en zonas rurales de la provincia. La metodología utilizada en la investigación se fundamenta en el método a...

  6. Estudio comparativo de la dinámica eólica y la movilidad de las arenas entre las estaciones de Valencia-Viveros y la Devesa de l'Albufera

    OpenAIRE

    Rovira, S.; Guara Requena, Miguel

    1990-01-01

    Se estudia la dinámica eólica de los datos registrados en las estaciones meteorológicas de Valencia-Viveros y el Saler (Devesa de l'Albufera) durante el año 1987. Las frecuencias correlacionadas entre ambas estaciones han resultado ser un 37.5 %, siendo las intensidades de arrastre de las arenas para el período de máxima erosionabilidad diferentes según el método de cálculo empleado. Palabras Clave: Viento, dinámica eólica, intensidad de arrastre de arenas, Valencia, Devesa de l'Albufera....

  7. Cambio educativo y actitudes sociales: el impacto de la transformación de la Universidad en la Valencia del franquismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Fuertes Muñoz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En este texto se pretende reflexionar sobre el impacto social del cambio educativo durante la última etapa de dictadura franquista. Particularmente, a partir de un análisis de entrevistas, informes políticos y prensa, analizaremos los diversos modos en que la sociedad valenciana percibió y se vio afectada en sus actitudes políticas por la transformación educativa y política registrada en la Universidad de Valencia.Palabras clave: Educación; Movimiento estudiantil; Franquismo; Historia local; Historia social._______________In this text we aim to ponder about the social impact of educational change during Franco’s dictatorship last stages. Particularly, analysing interviews, political reports and press, we will gain insight on the several ways that Valencian society perceived and was affected in its political attitudes by the educational and political transformation developed in the University of Valencia.Keywords: Education; Student movement; Francoism; Local history; Social history.

  8. ANÁLISIS DEL IMPACTO EN EL TURISMO DE LA ESTRATEGIA DE DESARROLLO URBANO BASADA EN MEGAPROYECTOS. EL CASO DE LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Salom Carrasco

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde finales de los años 80 del pasado siglo, las ciudades europeas están desarrollando políticas de gestión urbana en la línea de lo que se ha venido en denominar city-marketing, urban-branding, o urbanismo neoliberal. El objetivo de estas políticas es posicionar a la ciudad en el contexto internacional potenciando su singularidad, para lo cual la principal estrategia ha sido la construcción de mega-edificios y la organización de eventos con impacto en los medios de comunicación globales. El aumento de la atractividad turística en las ciudades es utilizado como un indicador de éxito de dichas políticas. La ciudad de Valencia no ha sido ajena a este tipo de estrategias. El presente artículo realiza un análisis de las consecuencias que la política urbana neoliberal ha tenido en el turismo de la ciudad de Valencia, en especial en lo que se refiere a su imagen de marca y a la vinculación del mismo con la oferta cultural de la ciudad.

  9. Los canónigos de la catedral de Valencia (1375-1520. Aproximación a su prosopografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pons Alós, Vicente

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available : Following the model of some works done in French Dioceses and taking as a starting-point a Canons' list of the Archives of the Cathedral of Valencia from end of the 14th century to beginning of the l6th century, the present research brings a prosopography of each Canon. The introductory study analyses the characteristics of this ecclesiastic group which stands out for their legal training as well as for their connection with local oligarchies. Many of them held oustanding positions in the papal Curia, and particularly so under Pope Borja.

    Siguiendo el modelo de algunos trabajos realizados en diócesis francesas y tomando como punto de partida una lista de canónigos del Archivo de la Catedral de Valencia desde finales del siglo XIV hasta principios del XVI, la presente investigación aporta una prosopografía de cada uno de los canónigos. El estudio introductorio analiza las características de este grupo de eclesiásticos que destaca por su formación mayoritariamente en derecho, y por su vinculación social a las oligarquías locales. Muchos de ellos, especialmente, en el pontificado de los Borja, ocuparon cargos importantes en la Curia papal.

  10. Compliance status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Black, D.G.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the activities conducted to ensure that the Hanford Site is in compliance with federal environmental protection statutes and related Washington State and local environmental protection regulations and the status of Hanford`s compliance with these requirements. Environmental permits required under the environmental protection regulations are discussed under the applicable statute.

  11. Social factors associated with nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure during pregnancy: the INMA-Valencia project in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llop, Sabrina; Ballester, Ferran; Estarlich, Marisa; Iñiguez, Carmen; Ramón, Rosa; Gonzalez, Ma Carmen; Murcia, Mario; Esplugues, Ana; Rebagliato, Marisa

    2011-03-01

    Numerous studies have focused on the effects of exposure to air pollution on health; however, certain subsets of the population tend to be more exposed to such pollutants depending on their social or demographic characteristics. In addition, exposure to toxicants during pregnancy may play a deleterious role in fetal development as fetuses are especially vulnerable to external insults. The present study was carried out within the framework of the INMA (Infancia y Medio Ambiente or Childhood and the Environment) multicenter cohort study with the objective of identifying the social, demographic, and life-style factors associated with nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) exposure in the subjects in the cohort. The study comprised 785 pregnant women who formed part of the INMA cohort in Valencia, Spain. Outdoor levels of NO(2) were measured at 93 sampling sites spread over the study area during four different sampling periods lasting 7 days each. Multiple regression models were used for mapping outdoor NO(2) throughout the area. Individual exposure was assigned as: 1) the estimated outdoor NO(2) levels at home, and 2) the average of estimated outdoor NO(2) levels at home and work, weighted according to the time spent in each environment. The subjects' socio-demographic and life-style information was obtained through a questionnaire. In the multiple linear analyses, the outdoor NO(2) levels assigned to each home were taken to be the dependent variable. Other variables included in the model were: age, country of origin, smoking during pregnancy, parity, season of the year, and social class. These same variables remained in the model when the dependent variable was changed to the NO(2) levels adjusted for the subjects' time-activity patterns. We found that younger women, those coming from Latin American countries, and those belonging to the lower social strata were exposed to higher NO(2) levels, both as measured outside their homes as well as when time-activity patterns were taken

  12. Soil moisture modelling of a SMOS pixel: interest of using the PERSIANN database over the Valencia Anchor Station

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Juglea

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val activities, this study addresses the use of the PERSIANN-CCS1database in hydrological applications to accurately simulate a whole SMOS pixel by representing the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the soil moisture fields over a wide area (50×50 km2. The study focuses on the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS experimental site, in Spain, which is one of the main SMOS Cal/Val sites in Europe.

    A faithful representation of the soil moisture distribution at SMOS pixel scale (50×50 km2 requires an accurate estimation of the amount and temporal/spatial distribution of precipitation. To quantify the gain of using the comprehensive PERSIANN database instead of sparsely distributed rain gauge measurements, comparisons between in situ observations and satellite rainfall data are done both at point and areal scale. An overestimation of the satellite rainfall amounts is observed in most of the cases (about 66% but the precipitation occurrences are in general retrieved (about 67%.

    To simulate the high variability in space and time of surface soil moisture, a Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer (SVAT model – ISBA (Interactions between Soil Biosphere Atmosphere is used. The interest of using satellite rainfall estimates as well as the influence that the precipitation events can induce on the modelling of the water content in the soil is depicted by a comparison between different soil moisture data. Point-like and spatialized simulated data using rain gauge observations or PERSIANN – CCS database as well as ground measurements are used. It is shown that a good adequacy is reached in most part of the year, the precipitation differences having less impact upon the simulated soil moisture. The behaviour of simulated surface soil moisture at SMOS scale is verified by the use of remote sensing data from the Advanced

  13. Soil moisture modelling of a SMOS pixel: interest of using the PERSIANN database over the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Mialon, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.; Braithwaite, D.; Hsu, K.

    2010-08-01

    In the framework of Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) activities, this study addresses the use of the PERSIANN-CCS1database in hydrological applications to accurately simulate a whole SMOS pixel by representing the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of the soil moisture fields over a wide area (50×50 km2). The study focuses on the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) experimental site, in Spain, which is one of the main SMOS Cal/Val sites in Europe. A faithful representation of the soil moisture distribution at SMOS pixel scale (50×50 km2) requires an accurate estimation of the amount and temporal/spatial distribution of precipitation. To quantify the gain of using the comprehensive PERSIANN database instead of sparsely distributed rain gauge measurements, comparisons between in situ observations and satellite rainfall data are done both at point and areal scale. An overestimation of the satellite rainfall amounts is observed in most of the cases (about 66%) but the precipitation occurrences are in general retrieved (about 67%). To simulate the high variability in space and time of surface soil moisture, a Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer (SVAT) model - ISBA (Interactions between Soil Biosphere Atmosphere) is used. The interest of using satellite rainfall estimates as well as the influence that the precipitation events can induce on the modelling of the water content in the soil is depicted by a comparison between different soil moisture data. Point-like and spatialized simulated data using rain gauge observations or PERSIANN - CCS database as well as ground measurements are used. It is shown that a good adequacy is reached in most part of the year, the precipitation differences having less impact upon the simulated soil moisture. The behaviour of simulated surface soil moisture at SMOS scale is verified by the use of remote sensing data from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer on Earth observing System (AMSR-E). We show

  14. Detection of Anthropogenic pressures on western Mediterranean irrigation systems (La Albufera de Valencia agriculture system, eastern Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Aguilar, J. A.; Andreu, V.; Picó, Y.

    2012-04-01

    Irrigation systems are considered as one of the major landscapes features in western Mediterranean environments. Both socio-economic and cultural elements are interrelated in their development and preservation. Generally, due to their location in flat lands and close to major urban-industrial zones, irrigation lands are suffering of intense pressures that can alter their agricultural values, environmental quality and, consequently, the sustainability of the systems. To understand the nature of anthropogenic pressures on large Mediterranean water agricultural systems a methodology based on environmental forensics criteria has been developed and applied to La Albufera Natural Park in Valencia (Eastern Spain), a protected area where traditional irrigation systems exists since Muslim times (from 8th to 15th centuries). The study analysed impacts on water and soils, for the first case the fate of emerging contaminants of urban origin (pharmaceuticals and illegal drugs) are analysed. Impact on soils is analysed using the dynamics urban expansion and the loss and fragmentation of soils. The study focused is organised around two major procedures: (1) analysis of 16 water samples to identify the presence of 14 illicit drugs and 17 pharmaceutical compounds by Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry techniques; (2) spatial analysis with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) integrating different sources and data formats such as water analysis, social, location of sewage water treatment plan and the synchronic comparison of two soil sealing layers -for the years 1991 and 2010. Results show that there is a clear trend in the introduction of pharmaceutical in the irrigation water through previous use of urban consumption and, in many cases, for receiving the effluents of wastewaters treatment plants. Impacts on soils are also important incidence in the fragmentation and disappearance of agricultural land due to soil sealing, even within the protected area of the Natural Park

  15. Water quality in coastal wetlands: illicit drugs in surface waters of L'Albufera Natural Park (Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez-Roig, P.; Blasco, C.; Andreu, V.; Pascual, J. A.; Rubio, J. L.; Picó, Y.

    2010-05-01

    A wide range of emerging pollutants have been identified in environment: antibiotics, hormones, personal care products, etc. But quite recently a new class of ecological threat has been reported: the presence in waters of abuse drugs coming from human consumption [1,2]. Treatment of wastewaters may remove a portion of these compounds, but sometimes, these treatments are insufficient or nonexistent, residues can reach into the aquatic environment. ĹAlbufera Natural Park (Valencia, Spain) is a marsh area of a great interest because it is the habitat of a large quantity of unique species of flora and fauna, and a zone of refuge, feeding and breeding for a large number of migratory birds. However, this area is threatened by urban, industrial and agricultural pressures. The aim of this work has been to develop a fast and sensitive multi-residue analytical method for to establish the occurrence and distribution of commonly consumed illicit drugs in surface waters of ĹAlbufera lake. A representative set of abuse drugs with different mode of action was chosen for this purpose, including: amphetaminics, opiates, cocainics and cannabinoids (THC and nor-9-carboxy-THC). In April 2008 and October 2008 a total of 16 samples of water were collected, corresponding to different sampling points previously designed, and covering the most important channels that flow in to the lake. Samples of 250 mL of water were concentrated by Solid Phase Extraction through an Oasis HLB cartridge and extracted subsequently with methanol as solvent. Quantification was carried out by LC-MS/MS with an ESI interface. Performance characteristics of the PLE-SPE followed by LC-MS/MS were established by validation procedure. Selectivity, linearity, precision, recoveries and limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were studied. Our search shows that current sewage treatment systems do not completely remove illicit drug residues from urban wastewater. Benzoylecgonine, the main metabolite from

  16. Incidence and distribution of heavy metals in soils of a Mediterranean coastal wetland (L'Albufera de Valencia, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreu, V.; Gimeno, E.; Fernandez-Despiau, E.; Pascual, J. A.

    2012-04-01

    One of the most important issues in environmental conservation nowadays is the preservation of wetlands, mainly the coastal ones. This becomes more imperative in the Mediterranean. These particular ecosystems have suffered during the last decades an increasing human pressure. This has been reflected through the intensification of agriculture and construction of infrastructures in their surroundings or even draining part of them. As a result, the density of population and its residues affect them in a first place. This work has been developed in the Natural Park of La Albufera (Valencia, Spain), which includes a coastal lagoon, marshlands, dunes and pinewoods, surrounded by rice fields in its not urbanized part. In spite of this great ecological value, it suffers impacts derived from the high human and industrial occupation, and of the hydrological contributions from the connected irrigation systems. In addition, this park is one of the most important wetland in Europe, included in the RAMSAR agreement, being a key point for migratory birds and contains in its area one of the most important zones on rice production in Europe. In the park area, 28 sampling zones were selected to determine the degree of heavy metals incidence in soils. Total concentrations of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were evaluated. Their distribution in the surficial and sub-surficial horizons was determined together with their spatial distribution, and the possible sources of contamination. Zn, Cr and Cu show the highest concentrations in all land uses and zones. Cr is the metal that present maximum concentration in the studied area (254.93 ppm), being almost the only metal studied that exceeds the limits established by the Spanish an EU legislation. Co and Ni shows a tendency to accumulate below the 30 cm depth, the other metal studied continue with the cumulative trend in surface horizons. All the studied metals, except Co have highly significant correlations with the available phosphorous

  17. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Epidemiology, perinatology and DOHaD”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Epidemiology, perinatology and DOHaD”ABS 1. THE INFLUENCE OF MATERNAL PREGESTATIONAL OBESITY IN OFFSPRING. A NEW PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM • P. Priego, N. Sancho, I. Tofe, A. Torre, M.D. CañeteABS 2. UNPLANNED NEONATAL ADMISSION RATE AFTER ELECTIVE FAMILY CENTERED CAESAREAN SECTIONS • I.C. Narayen, E.E.M. Mulder, L.M. Freeman, J.J. Van Vonderen, K.E. Boers, A.B. Te PasABS 3. CESAREAN DELIVERY AMONG FOREIGN-BORN CHINESE AND US-BORN CHINESE WOMEN IN THE USA • T.A. Yen, M. Lahiff, N. Hosang, K. Harley, B. EskenaziABS 4. THE RELATION BETWEEN OUTDOOR AIR POLLUTION AND SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME – A POPULATION-BASED CASE-CONTROL STUDY • Y.S. Chang, C.H. Liu, P.N. Tsao, P.S. ChenABS 5. LONGITUDINAL GROWTH OF TURKISH VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS • S. Sancak, M. Hayran, T. Gursoy, F. OvalıABS 6. FETAL SONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN A CONFIRMED CASE OF BECKWITH-WIEDEMANN SYNDROME (BWS • M.D. Ordónez Díaz, M.A. Pino Gálvez, C. De la Cámara Morano, D. Trassierra Molina, M.P. Priego Ruiz, M.J. Párraga Quiles, A.B. López Marmol, J.L. Pérez Navero, M. Miño MoraABS 7. CORD BLOOD PENTRAXIN 3/CD36 IN FETAL MACROSOMIA • T. Boutsikou, K. Germanou, D.D. Briana, M. Boutsikou, N. Athanasopoulos, A. Marmarinos, D. Gourgiotis, A. Malamitsi-PuchnerABS 8. NEWBORN GENETIC SCREENING FOR CONGENITAL CENTRAL HYPOVENTILATION SYNDROME IN 41,152 NEWBORNS • P.C. Kuo, C.C. Hung, Y.N. Su, C.Y. Chen, H.C. Chou, W.S. Hsieh, P.N. TsaoABS 9. OFFSPRING OF DIABETIC MOTHER: THE IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL GLYCEMIC CONTROL • M. Miñambres Rodríguez, A. Pino Vázquez, C. Villa Francisco, I. Sanz Fernández, M. Brezmes Raposo, L. C. Bermúdez BarrezuetaABS 10. PREVALENCE AND PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS OF CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL • M.P. Priego Ruiz, M.D. Ordónez Díaz, M.V. Rodriguez Benitez, D. Trassierra Molina, L. Rueda García, J.L. P

  18. Influencia de 46 porta-injertos para cítricos en la precocidad o retardo de maduración de la naranja "Frost valencia" (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caselles N. Álvaro A.

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available Of 46 graft carrier influence in citrics on ripe precocity or retardation from "Frost Valencia" Citrus sinensis (L Osbeck was studied looking for to guaranter a fruit constant supply toward market. Graft carrier influence was tested in orange blosson, fruiting ripeness season. Stock influence to induce early intermediate or later blossoms was observed, related with period and intensity so them same ocurr. Stock influence on solubles solids content, juici volume, ripeness index, ripe fruit, mantenence on tree also was found . Early of later yields are feasible to obtain using trifoliado x Ruby Or (1437 and "Garcia Valencia" stock markedly, or which highly significant ripeness gains were found with "Frost Valencia" Orange respectively.Se estudió la influencia de los portainjertos para cítricos buscando la obtención de producciones tempranas o tardías para garantizar un suministro continuo de fruta fresca al mercado. Se analizó por espacio de dos años la influencia de los porta-injertos en el período de floración, fructificación y maduración de la naranja. Se observó influencia del patrón para inducir floraciones precoces, intermedias o tardías haciendo referencia al período de intensidad con que ocurren las mismas. También se encontró influencia del patrón en contenido de sólidos solubles, volumen de jugo, acidez, índice de marez y mantenimiento de la fruta madura en el árbol. Es posible obtener producciones tempranas o tardías con la utilización de los patrones trifoliados x Ruby Or (1437 Y García Valencia, sobre las cuales se encontró adelantos altamente significativos de maduración de la naranja "Frost Valencia" respectivamente.

  19. PATRIMONIAL INTEGRITY, PERPETUITY, MEMORY. THE CONTRADICTIONS OF ENTAILED ESTATES IN EARLY MODERN VALENCIA Integridad patrimonial, perpetuidad, memoria. Contradicciones de los mayorazgos valencianos en la época moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Antonio Catalá Sanz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The practice of entail, a key source of stability for the patrimony of thenobility over the centuries, nonetheless created its own contradictions. Several of thesearose, in the case of Valencia, from the normative changes that followed the decrees ofthe Nueva Planta, due to the differences between Castilian law and the abolished Valencian fueros. But many other contradictions resulted from the inconsistent regulation ofentail under the fueros; from debates over the law; from the sometimes confused stipulations of the founders; and even from uncertainty over the purpose of the entailedproperties. This article, drawing on disputes over entailed estates brought before theAudiencia of Valencia, will analyze problems including ambiguity in terminology; the contention between primogeniture and appeals for plural inheritance; the difficultyin defining the established order of succession; the incompatibility question; the extinction of inheritance for lack of descendants; the acceptance of illegitimate children and clerics;previously arranged disinheritance; the extension of the encumbrance in perpetuity; therecognition of real rights against entailed properties; and the alienation of parts of entailedestates under certain circumstances.Cimiento fundamental de la estabilidad patrimonial de la nobleza a través de los siglos, el mayorazgo generaba, no obstante, sus propias contradicciones. Algunas de ellas traían origen, en el caso valenciano, de los cambios normativos que siguieron a los decretos de Nueva Planta, al diferir en la determinación de ciertos aspectos las leyesde Castilla de los fueros abolidos. Pero otras muchas se derivaban de la escasa regulación foral en la materia, de las dudas de la doctrina, de las disposiciones, en ocasiones confusas, de los fundadores, e incluso de los mismos fines a que servía la propiedad vinculada. Apartir del estudio de los pleitos sobre posesión de vínculos sustanciados ante la Audiencia de Valencia se

  20. Development and validation of a population-based prediction scale for osteoporotic fracture in the region of Valencia, Spain: the ESOSVAL-R study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fluixá Carlos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Today, while there are effective drugs that reduce the risk of osteoporotic fracture, yet there are no broadly accepted criteria that can be used to estimate risks and decide who should receive treatment. One of the actual priorities of clinical research is to develop a set of simple and readily-available clinical data that can be used in routine clinical practice to identify patients at high risk of bone fracture, and to establish thresholds for therapeutic interventions. Such a tool would have high impact on healthcare policies. The main objective of the ESOSVAL-R is to develop a risk prediction scale of osteoporotic fracture in adult population using data from the Region of Valencia, Spain. Methods/Design Study design: An observational, longitudinal, prospective cohort study, undertaken in the Region of Valencia, with an initial follow-up period of five years; Subjects: 14,500 men and women over the age of 50, residing in the Region and receiving healthcare from centers where the ABUCASIS electronic clinical records system is implanted; Sources of data: The ABUCASIS electronic clinical record system, complemented with hospital morbidity registers, hospital Accidents & Emergency records and the Regional Ministry of Health's mortality register; Measurement of results: Incident osteoporotic fracture (in the hip and/or major osteoporotic fracture during the study's follow-up period. Independent variables include clinical data and complementary examinations; Analysis: 1 Descriptive analysis of the cohorts' baseline data; 2 Upon completion of the follow-up period, analysis of the strength of association between the risk factors and the incidence of osteoporotic fracture using Cox's proportional hazards model; 3 Development and validation of a model to predict risk of osteoporotic fracture; the validated model will serve to develop a simplified scale that can be used during routine clinical visits. Discussion The ESOSVAL-R study

  1. Anarcosindicalismo y sanidad en la retaguardia y en el frente. Los casos de Valencia y de la Columna de Hierro durante la Guerra Civil española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Ferrandis, Xavier

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Revolution that emerged from the failure of the military insurrection is the main link between anarchism and the Spanish Civil War. As known, the socio-economic aspect of this revolution has been widely discussed, but the impact of the anarchist revolution in healthcare has been studied partially. The overall aim of this article is to analyze the relationship established between anarchism and health policy in the context of the social revolution that took place in some parts of Republican Spain for about the first year of conflict. Healthcare organization of the Columna de Hierro, the most famous anarchist militia that operated in the Teruel front, is also approached. In Valencia, anarchism implemented revolutionary practices in the healthcare field in order to get the collectivization of medical care. Subsequently, the course of political events in loyal Spain progressively keep anarchism away from health policy.El principal nexo de unión entre el anarquismo y la Guerra Civil española es la revolución que surgió del fracaso de la insurrección militar. Como es conocido, el aspecto socioeconómico de esta revolución ha sido ampliamente abordado; sin embargo, el impacto de la revolución anarquista en el terreno sanitario ha sido estudiado parcialmente. El objetivo general de este artículo es analizar la relación que se estableció entre el anarquismo y la política sanitaria en el contexto de la revolución social que se vivió en algunas zonas de la España republicana durante, aproximadamente, el primer año de conflicto. En concreto, el trabajo se centra en Valencia, una ciudad imprescindible en este tipo de estudios por su enorme importancia geopolítica y geoestratégica durante el período de análisis. Además, se aborda el análisis de la organización sanitaria de la Columna de Hierro, la milicia anarquista por excelencia que operó en el frente de Teruel. En Valencia, el anarquismo aplicó prácticas revolucionarias al

  2. Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad: resultados del proyecto EMECAM en Valencia, 1994-96

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenías Burillo José María

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Estimar el efecto a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad en la ciudad de Valencia, durante el periodo 1994-1996, utilizando la metodología de análisis del estudio multicéntrico español sobre la relación entre la contaminación atmosférica y la mortalidad (proyecto EMECAM. MÉTODOS: De la red de vigilancia de la contaminación atmosférica de Valencia se obtuvieron los niveles diarios de humos negros, dióxido de azufre (SO2, dióxido de nitrógeno (NO2, monóxido de carbono (CO y ozono (O3. Los indicadores de mortalidad analizados fueron el número diario de defunciones por todas las causas, menos las externas, la mortalidad en mayores de 70 años, y la ocurrida por enfermedades respiratorias y del aparato circulatorio. Siguiendo la metodología del proyecto EMECAM se construyeron modelos de regresión autoregresiva de Poisson controlando por los diferentes factores de confusión (estacionalidad, tendencia, calendario, variables meteorológicas e incidencia de gripe. RESULTADOS: Para la mortalidad por todas las causas menos las externas se halló un efecto significativo de los humos negros (RR 10 µg/m3: 1,013; IC95% 1,003 a 1,023 y del CO 24 h (RR 1 mg/m3: 1,024; IC95% 1,003 a 1,046. Para la mortalidad en mayores de 70 años el efecto estimado fue algo mayor para humos negros (RR 10 µg/m3: 1,017; IC95% 1,005 - 1,029, así como para SO2 1h (RR 10µg/m3: 1,010; IC95% 1,002 - 1,018 y NO2 1h (RR 10 µg/m3: 1,007; IC95% 1,001 - 1,013. No se encontró una asociación significativa con la mortalidad por enfermedades respiratorias y del aparato circulatorio para todo el período. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles actuales de contaminación en la ciudad de Valencia presentan un efecto significativo sobre la mortalidad diaria. Estos resultados son consistentes con los de investigaciones anteriores y coherentes con los obtenidos al analizar la relación entre contaminación atmosférica e indicadores de morbilidad.

  3. Traumatismos dentarios en Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Faus Matoses, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    La Traumatología dental es la rama de la Odontología que aborda la epidemiología, etiología, prevención, evaluación, diagnóstico y tratamiento de los traumatismos producidos sobre los dientes, maxilares y tejidos circundantes. También abarca las secuelas postraumáticas, como la reabsorción radicular y su tratamiento. Hoy en día las lesiones traumáticas son la segunda causa de atención odontológica después de la caries, habiéndose producido un aumento en la prevalencia de estas lesiones en ...

  4. Evolución de los principales diagnósticos al alta hospitalaria de la población penitenciaria de la provincia de Valencia, 2000-2009 Evolution of the main diagnoses of hospital discharges amongst the prison population in Valencia, 2000-2009

    OpenAIRE

    I. Abad-Pérez; E. Carbonell-Franco; D. Navarro-García; F.J. Roig-Sena; A. Salazar

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo de nuestro trabajo ha sido cuantificar la demanda hospitalaria de origen penitenciario y caracterizar los principales diagnósticos como una medida de prevalencia y las patologías transmisibles y su evolución durante el periodo 2000-09. A partir del registro de altas del Consorcio Hospital General Universitario que atiende por convenio la demanda hospitalaria de los centros penitenciarios de Valencia provincia, se realizo un estudio transversal de las frecuencias de los diagnóstico...

  5. Mid term monitoring of heavy metals content in soils of Mediterranean coastal wetlands. La Albufera de Valencia Natural Park, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Aguilar, Juan Antonio; Andreu, Vicente; Gimeno-García, Eugenia

    2014-05-01

    /kg) in 1991 and 2008 were Zn (60.38) > Pb (47.50) > Ni (29.10) > Cu (25.82) > Cr (16.04) > Co (11.40) > Cd (0.50) and Zn (68.82) > Cr (48.12) > Cu (34.93) > Pb (24.60) > Ni (22.49) > Co (6.58) > Cd (0.42), respectively. Average increments were found in Zn, Cr and Cu, which are related with high point (indiviudal location and/or sector) values rather than a general trend in the area. Maximum concentrations were obtained for Zn (120.38 mg/kg and 230.05 mg/kg in 1991 and 2008 respectively), Pb (72.31 mg/kg and 64.90 mg/kg), Ni (43.07. mg/kg and 43.74 mg/kg), Cu (55.83 mg/kg and 109.91 mg/kg) and Cr (36.10 mg/kg and 254.93 mg/kg). There is a clear spatial trend in the distribution of heavy metals in both dates, higher values where found in the northern sector of the Natural Park, which is a neighbour sector of the large city of Valencia, and in points close (less than 500 m) to main roads, suggestin the influence of external factors in the distribution of pollutants. Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through the project CONSOLIDER-INGENIO 2010 (CSD2009) and by the Ministry and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) (projects CGL2011-29703-C02-00, CGL2011-29703-C02-01, CGL2011-29703-C02-02).

  6. Modelling SMOS brightness temperature by use of coupled SVAT and radiative transfer models over the Valencia Anchor Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juglea, S.; Kerr, Y.; Mialon, A.; Lopez-Baeza, E.; Cano, A.; Calvet, J. C.; Albitar, A.; Wigneron, J. P.

    2009-04-01

    Soil moisture is a key variable that controls water and heat energy interactions occurring at the land atmosphere interface. This parameter, very important for the weather and climate modelling, is not well monitored at a global scale. A number of experiments have shown the high potential of L-band microwave radiometry for monitoring surface soil moisture. In this context, the SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) mission was designed to observe soil moisture over continental surfaces as well as ocean salinity. Due to be launched in summer 2009, it will provide global soil moisture maps every 3 days at least, with an average spatial resolution of 40 km x 40 km. The VAS (Valencia Anchor Station) experimental site, in Spain, is a cornerstone of the SMOS Cal/Val plan. It is a semiarid environment and is characterized by an extensive set of measurements at different levels (in the atmosphere and in the soil) in order to derive surface energy fluxes. In the framework of SMOS preparation, the research presented here deals with the use of surface variables from the VAS site to simulate passive microwave brightness temperature so as to have Satellite "match ups" for CalVal and to test retrieval algorithms. First, ground and meteorological measurements from the VAS site are used to simulate soil moisture using a Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer (SVAT) model (ISBA) from Météo France. In order to validate this approach, a point to point comparison with ground measurements has been done. We obtain a very good agreement between the simulated and measured soil moisture and we find that, as expected, the simulated soil moisture is mostly driven by precipitation patterns. Then, we propose a spatialization method using all the available data in order to have soil moisture estimates representative of a SMOS pixel. The results are compared with remotely sensed data such as soil moisture from AMSR-E. An amplitude difference between both soil moisture data is observed but also a

  7. Ciudad Sanitaria de la Seguridad Social «La Fe» - Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Zavala y Lafora, Juan

    1972-05-01

    Full Text Available This large hospital was built in a notably short time, and all the construction stages were completed in accord with a precise time schedule. The hospital overcomes in a highly effective manner the urgent need for many medical facilities which were lacking in the Valencia province. The planning of this medical centre incorporates the experience gained in designing similar centres in other parts of the country: it includes every type of technical advance, involvig materials and installations, which, year by year, are being rapidly improved and developed. In the initial design requirements, much emphasis has been given to three basic premisses: functionality, research and training facilities. The full program for the hospital, which includes 1,100 beds, comprises seven well differentiated zones: the general hospital; rehabilitation centre; maternity hospital; children's hospital; nurses school; central laboratories for research and experimental surgery; and general services (heating plant, washing department, incineration, mortuory, etc.. The standard hospital room has been most carefully planned, aiming to achieve maximum adaptability, minimum cost, most comfort, optimum circulation facility for the nurses, and least intermixing of various types of patients. The rooms to be attended by the same nucleus of general services have been rationally grouped together. Three subsequent issues of «INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN» will describe in considerable detail thisEste complejo sanitario, construido con precisión y notable rapidez, resuelve de manera rotunda toda una serie de urgentes necesidades planteadas en la provincia. Se recogen en él todas las experiencias anteriores en centros similares del país, con incorporación de todo tipo de adelantos técnicos, de materiales y de instalaciones que, año tras año, se van perfeccionando de forma acelerada en este tipo de edificios. En la redacción del proyecto se han tenido muy en cuenta, para

  8. Ciudad Sanitaria de la Seguridad Social «La Fe» - Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Zavala y Lafora, Juan

    1972-04-01

    Full Text Available This large hospital was built In a notably short time, and all the construction stages were completed in accord with a precise time schedule. The hospital overcomes in a highly effective manner the urgent need for many medical facilities which were lacking in the Valencia province. The planning of this medical centre incorporates the experience gained in designing similar centres in other parts of the country: it includes every type of technical advance, involving materials and installations, which, year by year, are being rapidly Improved and developed. In the initial design requirements, much emphasis has been given to three basic premisses: functionality, research and training facilities. The full program for the hospital, which includes 1,100 beds, comprises seven well differentiated zones: the general hospital; rehabilitation centre; maternity hospital; children's hospital; nurses school; central laboratories for research and experimental surgery; and general services (heating plant, washing department. Incineration, mortuory, etc.. The standard hospital room has been most carefully planned, aiming to achieve maximum adaptability, minimum cost, most comfort, optimum circulation facility for the nurses, and least intermixing of various types of patients. The rooms to be attended by the same nucleus of general services have been rationally grouped together. Three subsequent issues of «INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN» will describe in considerable detail this important project, which exemplifies the huge effort by the Spanish Health Service to reach the forefront of the world In state hospital facilities.Este complejo sanitario, construido con precisión y notable rapidez, resuelve de manera rotunda toda una serie de urgentes necesidades planteadas en la provincia. Se recogen en él todas las experiencias anteriores en centros similares del país, con incorporación de todo tipo de adelantos técnicos, de materiales y de instalaciones que, a

  9. Ciudad Sanitaria de la Seguridad Social «La Fe» - Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Zavala y Lafora, Juan

    1972-03-01

    Full Text Available This large hospital was built in a notably short time, and all the construction stages were completed in accord with a precise time schedule. The hospital overcomes in a highly effective manner the urgent need for many medical facilities which were lacking in the Valencia province. The planning of this medical centre incorporates the experience gained in designing similar centres in other parts of the country: it includes every type of technical advance, involving materials and installations, which, year by year, are being rapidly improved and developed. In the initial design requirements, much emphasis has been given to three basic premisses: functionality, research and training facilities. The full program for the hospital, which includes 1,100 beds, comprises seven well differentiated zones: the general hospital; rehabilitation centre; maternity hospital; children's hospital; nurses school; central laboratories for research and experimental surgery; and general services (heating plant, washing department, incineration, mortuory, etc.. The standard hospital room has been most carefully planned, aiming to achieve maximum adaptability, minimum cost, most comfort, optimum circulation facility for the nurses, and least intermixing of various types of patients. The rooms to be attended by the same nucleus of general services have been rationally grouped together. Three subsequent issues of «INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN» will describe in considerable detail this important project, which exemplifies the huge effort by the Spanish Health Service to reach the forefront of the world in state hospital facilities.Este complejo sanitario, construido con precisión y notable rapidez, resuelve de manera rotunda toda una serie de urgentes necesidades planteadas en la provincia. Se recogen en él todas las experiencias anteriores en centros similares del país, con incorporación de todo tipo de adelantos técnicos, de materiales y de instalaciones que, a

  10. The role of soil physics in fighting soil degradation. A case study in the Valencia Region, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingelmo-Sánchez, Florencio

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the peculiar characteristics of climate, topography, geology, soils and managing systems in the Valencia region, some proven general facts in soil Physics are presented, emphasizing some points needing further investigation which, as a whole, fall within the framework of actions in controlling soil degradation processes. The text is divided into two sections: the first, and longer, deals with the study of hydrological and erosion processes. Involving Soil Physics In the explanation of some behaviours and mechanisms; in the second, the various mechanisms of physical degradation leading to soil compaction are shown, and the main causes and Impacts are also determined.

    [es] Teniendo en cuenta las características peculiares del clima, topografía, geología, suelos y sistemas de manejo en la Región Valenciana, se exponen algunos hechos probados como suficientemente generales en la Física de suelos y algunos de los avances más significativos de dicha disciplina, enmarcando al mismo tiempo aspectos que necesitan ser Investigados, como base para la aplicación de un modelo conceptual de actuación para el control de los procesos de degradación del suelo. La exposición queda dividida, por consideraciones didácticas, en dos apartados. El primero, más extenso, se dedica al estudio de los procesos hidrológicos y erosivos, implicando a la Física del Suelo en la explicación de algunos comportamientos y mecanismos. En el segundo, se exponen los diferentes mecanismos de degradación física que conducen a la compactación del suelo, identificándose las principales causas y las repercusiones.
    [fr] Compte tenu des particulières caractéristiques du climat, topographie, géologie, sols et systèmes d'aménagement des sols dans la Région de Valence, on expose Ici quelques sujets bien connus, sur la Physique du Sol, et on signale certains rapports qui doivent être recherchés pour l'application d'un mod

  11. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Miscellanea”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Miscellanea”ABS 1. CALVARIAL AGENESIS AND APLASIA CUTIS CONGENITA: A CASE REPORT • F.P. Bunjamin, R.D. RoeslaniABS 2. NEUROCUTANEOUS MELANOSIS IN A NEWBORN • R. Tameliene, A. Vinskaite, J. Buinauskiene, R. DzikieneABS 3. TLR2/TLR6 HETERODIMER-MEDIATED INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE IN CORD BLOOD IMMUNE CELLS • Y. Cho, D. Tokuhara, K. Nohmi, M. Saito, D. Tachibana, M. Koyama, H. ShintakuABS 4. PRADER-WILLI SYNDROME IN OUR HOSPITAL. ARE WE DIAGNOSING AND TREATING EARLY? • B. Rodriguez Azor, R. Roldán López, S. Ariza Aranda, D. López Martín, T. Fernandez Ferrandez, V. Schmitz, E. Salguero García, T. Sánchez TamayoABS 5. RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO “SHABU” • J. Candel Pau, J. García García, C. Manzano Varo, L. Román Eyo, S. Calpe Fraile, MA. López-VílchezABS 6. VITAMIN D STATUS IN PREGNANT WOMEN AND NEWBORNS IN LA RIOJA AREA IN SPAIN • M. Ruiz, B. Riaño, MY. Ruiz, MP. Samper, P. VenturaABS 7. NEONATAL RESUSCITATION TRAINING COURSES. TRAINEES’ PERCEPTION • S. Zeballos Sarrato, G. Zeballos, C. Ramos, N. Oikonomopoulou, N. Navarro, M. Sánchez LunaABS 8. METABOLOMIC PROFILE IN NEWBORNS MIRRORS THAT OF THEIR MOTHERS IN PREGNANCY • S. Negro, M. Longini, ML. Tataranno, F. Proietti, M. Tassini, A. Vivi, F. Bazzini, E. Belvisi, F. Vanacore, M. Calderisi, G. Buonocore, S. PerroneABS 9. INTRAUTERINE MECONIUM PERITONITIS DUE TO SIGMOID PERFORATION OF UNKNOWN ETIOLOGY IN A 29 WEEKER: MANAGEMENT AND OUTCOME. A CASE PRESENTATION • M. Simon, M. Rusneac, R. Marian, Z.S. Gall, L.M. Suciu, M.C. CucereaABS 10. THE RESULTS OF NEWBORN HEARING SCREENING BY MEANS OF TRANSIENT OTOACOUSTIC EMISSIONS – HAS ANYTHING CHANGED OVER 10 YEARS? • K. Wroblewska-Seniuk, G. Greczka, P. Dabrowski, J. MazelaABS 11. NEONATAL GASTRIC PERFORATION: A REPORT OF ONE CASE IN OUR NICU • N. Lecumberri García, I

  12. [Nutritional status by social stratification in Venezuelan school children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, Nayka; Páez, María Concepción; Solano, Liseti

    2002-01-01

    This study assessed nutritional status of 590 children from Naguanagua, Valencia, attending school, aged between 4 and 14 years and its relation to social stratification, age and gender. Body dimension indicators were used for nutritional diagnosis. NCHS/OMS and Frisancho references were used for height/age (HA) weight/height (WH) cut-off points, and body mass index (BMI). Graffar modified by Mendez was used to establish socioeconomic status. Statistical analyses included descriptives, x2 and student-test. 91% of the children were in poverty, (71% relative and 20% critical). For HA, 6.4% classified as short, 27.6% in risk, and 4.9% tall for age without significative differences between sex. For WH, 0.6% were in nutritional deficit, 10.2% in risk and 22.1% in excess. For BMI, 12.9% had nutritional deficit, 7.3% excess but no significative differences for sex. Stunting and deficit were present in all age groups, but more significantly in those older than 10 years (12%; 23.9% respectively). Social stratification was associated with WH and BMI being deficit more prevalent in III and V class, predominating excess in IV class. The high prevalence of obesity makes this group as a high risk one for chronic degenerative diseases.

  13. Techniques for the Diagnosis of the Structural Behaviour of Historic Buildings. Analysis of the Dome of San Miguel de los Reyes in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Martínez Boquera

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A profound study of historic masonry with today’s knowledge and without jumping to conclusions or applying modern criteria to ancient heritage is the basis of a restoration project. The case of the dome of San Miguel de los Reyes in Valencia provides the authors with an excuse to explain their approach to the problem and describe their analysis and calculation procedures. The computerised mapping of the results developed by these authors affords an immediate view of the behaviour and defects of the dome, a necessary step before seeking a solution for its structural reinforcement.

  14. GC-MS analysis of headspace and liquid extracts for metabolomic differentiation of citrus Huanglongbing and zinc deficiency in leaves of 'Valencia' sweet orange from commercial groves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevallos-Cevallos, Juan Manuel; García-Torres, Rosalía; Etxeberria, Edgardo; Reyes-De-Corcuera, José Ignacio

    2011-01-01

    Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) is considered the most destructive citrus disease worldwide. Symptoms-based detection of HLB is difficult due to similarities with zinc deficiency. To find metabolic differences between leaves from HLB-infected, zinc-deficient, and healthy 'Valencia' orange trees by using GC-MS based metabolomics. Analysis based on GC-MS methods for untargeted metabolite analysis of citrus leaves was developed and optimized. Sample extracts from healthy, zinc deficient, or HLB-infected sweet orange leaves were submitted to headspace solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) and derivatization treatments prior to GC-MS analysis. Principal components analysis achieved correct classification of all the derivatized liquid extracts. Analysis of variance revealed 6 possible biomarkers for HLB, of which 5 were identified as proline, β-elemene, (-)trans- caryophyllene, and α-humulene. Significant (P HLB biomarkers for rapid differentiation of HLB from zinc deficiency. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  15. The ESA SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign at the Valencia Anchor Station Area in the Framework of the SMOS Cal/Val AO Project no. 3252

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    Since 2001, the Valencia Anchor Station is currently being prepared for the validation of SMOS land products. The site has recently been selected by the Mission as a core validation site, mainly due to the reasonable homogeneous characteristics of the area which make it appropriate to undertake the validation of SMOS Level 2 land products during the Mission Commissioning Phase, before attempting more complex areas. Close to SMOS launch, ESA defined and designed the SMOS Validation Rehearsal Campaign Plan with the purpose of repeating the Commissioning Phase execution with all centers, all tools, all participants, all structures, all data available, assuming that all tools and structures are ready and trying to produce as close as possible the post-launch conditions. The aim was to test the readiness, the ensemble coordination and the speed of operations to be able to avoid as far as possible any unexpected deficiencies of the plan and procedure during the real Commissioning Phase campaigns. For the rehearsal activity which successfully took place in April 2008, a control area of 10 x 10 km2 was chosen at the Valencia Anchor Station study area where a network of ground soil moisture measuring stations is being set up based on the definition of homogeneous physio-hydrological units, attending to climatic, soil type, lithology, geology, elevation, slope and vegetation cover conditions. These stations are linked via a wireless communication system to a master post accessible via internet. Complementary to the ground measurements, flight operations were performed over the control area using the Helsinki University of Technology TKK Short Skyvan research aircraft. The payload for the campaign consisted of the following instruments: (i) L-band radiometer EMIRAD (Technical University of Denmark, TUD), (ii) HUT-2D L-band imaging interferometric radiometer (TKK), (iii) PARIS GPS reflectrometry system (Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, IEEC), (iv) IR sensor (Finnish

  16. The region of Valencia: an avant-garde integration. The School of Reception / Comunitat Valenciana: una integración de vanguardia. La Escuela de Acogida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa María Núñez Sánchez

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The Voluntary Program of Understanding of the Valencian Society (The School of Reception, a unique and pioneer project in Spain, is included in Title II of the Commitment to Integration of Law 15/2008 of Integration of Immigrant Persons in the Region of Valencia (LIPIE and in Decree 93/2009, by which the regulation of the aforementioned law is approved. This program is a tool that introduces immigrants voluntarily to the knowledge of the values and rules of democratic conviviality, their rights and duties, the politico-constitutional structure of Spain, and the official languages of the region, both Spanish and Valencian, all essential elements for said persons to know the society that has received them and in order to integrate into it.

  17. Proposal for the virtual and material reconstruction through anastylosis of the archaeological remains of the Patio of the Renaissance Palace of the Ambassador Vich in Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Galiana Agulló

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Ambassador Vich’s palace in Valencia (1526-1858 was one of the first examples of renaissance architecture in Spain. After its demolition, part of the courtyard’s marbles was conserved, gathered, after a century and a half of pilgrimage in a unifying intervention in the Museum of Fine Arts of San Pío V in 2006. The recovery of the spatial, composite and material essence of the monument remains incomplete, as the cornices and frames that decorated the surrounding lower gallery are missing; archaeological remains made with grey Italian limestone, Pietra Serena, which together with the white Carrara marble, created the typical two-colour of these, such “Brunelleschian” composite games. The virtual anastylosis allows a proposal to be launched for the material recovery of the emblematic monument, favouring as such the correct reading of the same.

  18. Cellars, stone wine and oil presses in the territory of Kelin (5th-3rd centuries BC: the case of la Alcantarilla ravine (Requena, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Quixal Santos

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Archaeological evidences date the expansion of grape vineyards in the territory of the Iberian Iron Age city of Kelin from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC; although the origins are documented in the 7th BC. One of the singularities of this territory is the existence of outdoors stone structures for the production of wine and oil. All are located in a specific area of the territory (la Alcantarilla and Los Morenos ravines (Requena, Valencia, and are associated with archaeological materials that allow date them as Iberian. In this paper we approach the rural settlement pattern in la Alcantarilla ravine and we present in detail the archaeological sites of Rambla de la Alcantarilla and Solana de Cantos 2.

  19. Virgen de la Misericordia, San Jerónimo y San Miguel: el origen del corporativismo sedero en la Valencia bajomedieval (1465-1518.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Martínez Vinat

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio indaga sobre el origen del asociacionismo sedero valenciano a través de las tres principales corporaciones fundadas en Valencia a finales de la Edad Media: la cofradía de la Misericordia de veleros de seda, la cofradía de San Jerónimo del Art de Velluters y la cofradía de tintoreros de seda de San Miguel. El análisis de sus ordenanzas confraternales y gremiales, contrastado con otras fuentes documentales de tipo contable (Llibres de Dates e Rebudes, nos permiten conocer la realidad, funcionamiento y desarrollo de tres entidades que protagonizaron el arranque de la sedería valenciana, tanto desde la perspectiva laboral como desde la óptica benéfico-asistencial, ambas inseparables en el periodo que nos ocupa.

  20. RECUPERACIÓN DEL PASADO OBRERO E INDUSTRIAL DEL BARRIO DE PATRAIX COMO OFERTA AL TURISMO URBANO DE LA CIUDAD DE VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Temes Cordovez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo tratamos de profundiza sobre el valor y la oportunidad que supone hoy, para un turismo cultural y urbano creciente en la ciudad de Valencia, la lectura con perspectiva histórica, de la forma del territorio como anticipación de la ciudad construida. En concreto, los usos industriales que a finales del XIX y principios del XX fueron expulsados de la ciudad intramuros, hoy se sitúan en lugares estratégicos para interpretar la forma urbana actual de muchos barrios. El caso concreto del barrio de Patraix, con un paisaje cultural propio vinculado con la industria urbana y la vivienda obrera, se analiza para establecer dos itinerarios urbanos que fomenten el turismo interesado en el patrimonio industrial.

  1. El Vignola del Colegio de Arquitectos de Valencia y sus retablos de traza sevillana: Juan Martínez Montañés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navarrete Prieto, Benito

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Three drawings of altarpieces executed by the Sevillian sculptor Juan Martinez Montañés, preserved in the copy of Vignola's architectural treatise in the Colegio de Arquitectos de Valencia are analyzed here. The first drawing is a preliminary study for the altarpiece of the Immaculate Conception in the Parrochial Church of El Pedroso (Seville. The second drawing, also a preliminary idea, is for the lost altarpiece of the Dominican monastery of Portacelli in Seville, from which only the figure of St Dominic of Guzman flagellating himself has survived (Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla. The third is the model for the type of altarpiece-tabernacle used by Montañés in the Convent of Santa Clara (Seville. The author also points out the origin of certain elements of Montañés's designs in the prints of Vignola's treatise.

    Presentamos un análisis de tres de los dibujos de retablos que se conservan en el ejemplar del Vignola del Colegio de Arquitectos de Valencia y que pertenecen al escultor sevillano Juan Martínez Montañés. El primero de ellos es preparatorio para el retablo de la Inmaculada de la iglesia parroquial del Pedroso (Sevilla, conservado in situ actualmente. El segundo es para el perdido Retablo de los dominicos de Portacoeli de Sevilla, del que se conserva el Santo Domingo de Guzman azotándose en el Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla, y el tercero es modelo para la tipología del Montañés del Retablo-Tabernáculo en la iglesia del convento de Santa Clara de Sevilla, estudiándose además el origen de algunos elementos de Montañés en los propios grabados del libro de Vignola.

  2. Algunas notas sobre la restauración de la puerta de los Apóstoles de la catedral de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Chapapría, Julián

    1993-10-01

    Full Text Available The Apostle door of the Cathedral of Valencia, Built in the first Half of the 14th c, is one of most extraordinary examples of the monumental main fronts of southern Gothic. The intervention carried out was fruit of an agreement of sponsorship among companies and institutions and was aimed at realizing conservation work on the masonry, degraded by poor building functioning, and the sculptures, replacing by replicas those of apostles removed thirty years ago. Various construction operations, such as emptying the terrace of the false triforium, reintegrations and compression filling were the basis on which it was proceeded to the stages of cleaning and consolidation of the stone and patina base. Special installations, such as anti-humidity barrier and a pigeon repellent system, which will avoid their nest building, have been incorporated.

    La puerta de los Apóstoles de la Catedral de Valencia, edificada en la primera mitad del s. XIV, constituye uno de los ejemplos más sobresalientes de las portadas monumentales del gótico meridional. La intervención realizada fue fruto de un convenio de mecenazgo entre empresas e instituciones, y destinada a ejecutar obras de conservación sobre la fábrica, degradada por el mal funcionamiento constructivo, y las esculturas, reponiendo mediante réplicas las de los apóstoles retiradas hace treinta años. Un conjunto de operaciones constructivas, desde el vaciado de la terraza del falso triforio a retacados y reintegraciones, fueron la base para proceder a fases de limpieza y consolidación del soporte de piedra y pátinas. Fueron incorporadas instalaciones especiales como una barrera antihumedad y un sistema para alejamiento de palomas, que evitará que aniden y que depositen sus excrementos.

  3. Tamaño óptimo de muestra para evaluar el patrón de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Avanza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos de crecimiento de frutos describen la evolución de su tamaño a lo largo del período de desarrollo. Con fines de pronóstico, estos modelos permiten estimar en forma anticipada el tamaño que alcanzarán los frutos al momento de la cosecha. Para lograr estimaciones insesgadas del tamaño de frutos a cosecha es necesario un diseño adecuado de muestreo en la etapa de recolección de datos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar el tamaño óptimo de muestra, compuesta por árboles (n y frutos (m, para establecer modelos de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late', que permitan estimar la distribución de tamaño a la cosecha. Se trabajó con el diámetro ecuatorial de frutos previo a la cosecha, proveniente de dos huertos comerciales ubicados en la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina, durante tres temporadas. Mediante modelos mixtos se estimaron las componentes de varianzas entre árboles y frutos, y posteriormente a partir de dos tipos de metodologías se determinó el tamaño de muestra óptimo. La variabilidad entre frutos fue superior a la variabilidad entre árboles. Para la determinación del patrón de crecimiento de frutos de naranjo 'Valencia late' mediante un muestreo bietápico, se sugiere seleccionar 7 árboles y 30 frutos de cada árbol, para lograr estimaciones del diámetro ecuatorial de frutos con una precisión entre el 2 y 3%.

  4. [Valencia's scientific contribution to the consolidation of Urology as a speciality. Bibliometric classification by subject, author and journal. Historical documentary analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cánovas Ivorra, José Antonio; Tramoyeres Galvañ, Alfredo; Sánchez Ballester, Francisco; Navalón Verdejo, Pedro; Pérez Albacete, Mariano; Zaragoza Orts, Julio

    2005-06-01

    Urology, as other medical-surgical specialities, had its consolidation process in the mid 19th century. This phenomenon in the history of medicine occurs around certain authors, which in the case of urology in Valencia was Dr. Raphael Molla Rodrigo, and several key elements such as development of lithotripsy and cystoscopy, as cited by prestigious authors in the second national meeting of history of medicine in Salamanca in 1965. For this process a spreading media is necessary, either regional or national, for posterior bibliometric analysis. We performed a retrospective study of urological publications in the area of Valencia to know the main areas of knowledge, main authors and publications. Regarding this latter we point out Cronica medica, Revista Valenciana de Ciencias Médicas, Archivos Españoles de Urología y Policlínica. As authors, Rafael Molla Rodrigo, Victor Molla Fambuena and Rafael Alcalá Santaella stand out. Genitourinary tuberculosis and surgical procedures with their complications are among the most commonly treated topics. Dr. Rafael Molla Rodrigo is the author with the highest number of articles and the one who contributed to the consolidation of the speciality nationwide with his extensive scientific contributions. Genitourinary tuberculosis is extensively treated, and surgical procedures and their complications are in second place. The journal in which we were able to find more articles was Cronica Medica, due to its greater diffusion among general practitioners. We emphasize Dr. Rafael Molla as the main author, genitourinary-tuberculosis as the main topic and the journal Cronica Médica as the most commonly used media.

  5. Reseña de Berbeira Gardón, J. L. (1998, Dimensiones pragmáticas de la gramaticalización, Lynx, Vol. 22, Valencia: Universidad de Valencia y Centro de Estudios sobre Comunicación Interlingüística e Intercultural.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Benítez Soto

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Se trata de reseña de Berbeira Gardón, J. L. (1998, Dimensiones pragmáticas de la gramaticalización, Lynx, Vol. 22, Valencia: Universidad de Valencia y Centro de Estudios sobre Comunicación Interlingüística e Intercultural.

  6. Experiencia en la utilización del sistema de terapia de presión negativa Renasys® en el Hospital La Fe, Valencia. España Our experience using negative-pressure therapy Renasys® at the Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Lorca García

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La terapia de vacío ha demostrado ser útil y eficaz en el tratamiento de múltiples tipos de heridas. Su uso está ampliamente difundido en los servicios de Cirugía Plástica y constituye una herramienta a tener en cuenta en el manejo de heridas tanto agudas como crónicas; permitiendo la curación total de las mismas o consiguiendo un lecho adecuado para una cobertura posterior. Presentamos nuestra experiencia con el sistema de terapia de vacío Renasys® (Smith & Nephew, Spain en el Hospital Universitario La Fe en Valencia (España a lo largo del último año, demostrando su utilidad en heridas de distinta etiología y características.Vacumm therapy has shown to be useful and effective in different types of wounds. Its use is common in the Plastic Surgery Departments and it is a very important tool in the acute and chronic wounds management; it achieves the healing of the wounds or it gives an adequate bed for the posterior coverage. We report our experience in the use of vacuum therapy Renasys®(Smith&Nephew, Spain in the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department in La Fe University Hospital, Valencia (Spain in the last year, showing the utility of vacuum therapy in different etiology and types of wounds.

  7. RESEÑA DE: VALERO, Sergio: Ni contigo ni sin ti: socialismo y republicanismo histórico en la Valencia de los años treinta, Valencia, Institució Alfons el Magnànim, 2015. 199 pp. ISBN: 978-84-7822-683-2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Jaén Milla

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio del republicanismo y el socialismo español cuenta con innumerables trabajos de investigación, pero han sido muy pocos los historiadores que han abordado la relación entre ambos movimientos, de ahí que la obra de Sergio Valero sea del máximo interés historiográfico. Además, Valero se aproxima a esa relación desde el ámbito nacional para descender al ámbito provincial, en concreto, al caso de Valencia,  que fue uno de los espacios geográficos más dinámicos desde el punto de vista político de todo el país, gracias a movimientos como el generado por el escritor Vicente Blasco Ibáñez.El trabajo de Valero tiene como objetivo aproximarse -desde un punto de vista cronológico- a las relaciones entre el socialismo valenciano, representado por la Federación Socialista Valenciana (FSV, y el republicanismo histórico, representado por el blasquismo, que adoptó la denominación de Partido de Unión  Republicana Autonomista (PURA, abordando esas relaciones desde la perspectiva de la capital del Estado y su reflejo en la provincia de Valencia.

  8. El alfarje de la antigua casa de la ciudad. Estudio técnico, histórico y de conservación en su nueva ubicación, la Lonja de Valencia [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Tort Ausina, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Reseña del libro "El Alfarje de la antigua Casa de la Ciudad. Técnico, histórico y de conservación en su nueva ubicación, la Lonja de Valencia" de Montserrat Martínez Valenzuela. Tort Ausina, I. (2012). El alfarje de la antigua casa de la ciudad. Estudio técnico, histórico y de conservación en su nueva ubicación, la Lonja de Valencia [Reseña]. Eari. Educación Artística. Revista de Investigación. (3):96-97. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/37295 Senia 96 97 3

  9. La gestión de las emergencias en el Patrimonio Cultural: procedimientos de asistencia técnica en el Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia frente a las catástrofes naturales y tecnológicas.

    OpenAIRE

    CHULIÁ BLANCO, INMACULADA

    2016-01-01

    [EN] ABSTRACT. The Museum of Fine Arts of Valencia does not provide the necessary actions to mitigate the damage caused by an emergency situation, such as the effects of a fire or a flood on the collection. This doctoral thesis evaluates the management shortcomings for these risks and provides the tools to address these vulnerabilities. The implementation of an intervention team for an emergency or any unusual situation of danger will help to improve preventive conservation of the c...

  10. El libro de los actos, provisiones y reuniones de la acequia de Favara (1362-1521): aproximación a un registro clave para la historia del regadío en la Huerta medieval de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Sanmartín, Luis Pablo; Terol i Reig, Vicent

    2015-01-01

    [EN] In comparison to the weight of orality in the recent past of the autonomous communities of irrigators in the Huerta of Valencia, the archival evidence shows that writing had a strategic value for irrigators during the late Middle Ages and the Modern Age. The existence of abundant written records produced by entities internal and external to the communities provides information about their structure, functioning and evolution over the centuries that followed the conquest of V...

  11. La identidad religiosa en el humanismo bíblico español: Pedro de Valencia y la integración judía e islámica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieto Ibáñez, Jesús M.ª

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The work of the humanist Pedro de Valencia belongs to “biblical humanism”. Religion and politics are inseparable in the work of this author. In the sixteenth century, a part of the population in Spain still subscribed to Jewish or Islamic thought. The Spanish church was making a huge effort at the time to integrate within the traditional Catholicism converts from these two communities. In this conflict the justifications of religious identity in various writings of Pedro de Valencia can be located. The common denominator of the writings discussed is summarized in the idea of religious unity of Conversos and Moriscos under the authority of the king in response to the conflicts in the Spain of the time.La obra del humanista Pedro de Valencia pertenece al «humanismo biblista». Religión y política son inseparables en este autor. En la España del siglo XVI existía todavía una parte de la población que pensaba en clave judía o bien en clave islámica. La iglesia española del momento estaba haciendo un esfuerzo enorme por integrar dentro del catolicismo tradicional a los conversos de estas dos comunidades. En este conflicto se enmarcan las justificaciones de la identidad religiosa en varios escritos de Pedro de Valencia. El común denominador de los escritos comentados se resume en la idea de la unidad religiosa de judeoconversos y moriscos bajo la autoridad del rey como respuesta a los conflictos de la España de la época.

  12. Concentrations of lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury and selenium in drinking water in the Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain; Concentraciones de plomo, cadmio, cromo, mercurio y selenio en agua potable de la Comunidad Valenciana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fos Claver, S.; Vitoria Minana, I. [Universidad de Valencia (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    The object was to establish the degree to which the drinking water of the Autonomous Community of Valencia, Spain, is contaminated by various toxic elements; lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury and selenium. The method used was to study 423 samples of drinking water taken in 1997 from 407 different municipal districts in the Autonomous Community of Valencia covering a total population of 2,400,000 inhabitants. The concentrations of lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury and selenium were determined. The results obtained indicate that 31.9% of the samples had undetectable concentrations of these elements, while 67.8% had concentrations of a least one of these elements at values lying between the guideline level and the maximum permitted concentration. Only 0.3% of the samples presented any toxic concentration. Therefore the conclusion reached was that the drinking water of the Autonomous Community of Valencia has acceptable concentrations of lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury and selenium and does not present any health risks in this regard. (Author) 48 refs.

  13. Metabolomic comparative analysis of the phloem sap of curry leaf tree (Bergera koenegii), orange jasmine (Murraya paniculata), and Valencia sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) supports their differential responses to Huanglongbing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killiny, Nabil

    2016-11-01

    Orange jasmine, Murraya paniculata and curry leaf tree, Bergera koenegii are alternative hosts for Diaphorina citri, the vector of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas), the pathogen of huanglongbing (HLB) in citrus. D. citri feeds on the phloem sap where CLas grows. It has been shown that orange jasmine was a better host than curry leaf tree to D. citri. In addition, CLas can infect orange jasmine but not curry leaf tree. Here, we compared the phloem sap composition of these 2 plants to the main host, Valencia sweet orange, Citrus sinensis. Phloem sap was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after trimethylsilyl derivatization. Orange jasmine was the highest in proteinogenic, non-proteinogenic amino acids, organic acids, as well as total metabolites. Valencia was the highest in mono- and disaccharides, and sugar alcohols. Curry leaf tree was the lowest in most of the metabolites as well as total metabolites. Interestingly, malic acid was high in Valencia and orange jasmine but was not detected in the curry leaf. On the other hand, tartaric acid which can prevent the formation of malic acid in Krebs cycle was high in curry leaf. The nutrient inadequacy of the phloem sap in curry leaf tree, especially the amino acids could be the reason behind the longer life cycle and the low survival of D. citri and the limitation of CLas growth on this host. Information obtained from this study may help in cultivation of CLas and development of artificial diet for rearing of D. citri.

  14. Long-term ELBARA-II Assistance to SMOS Land Product and Algorithm Validation at the Valencia Anchor Station (MELBEX Experiment 2010-2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto; Wigneron, Jean-Pierre; Schwank, Mike; Miernecki, Maciej; Kerr, Yann; Casal, Tania; Delwart, Steven; Fernandez-Moran, Roberto; Mecklenburg, Susanne; Coll Pajaron, M. Amparo; Salgado Hernanz, Paula

    The main activity of the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) is currently now to support the validation of SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) Level 2 and 3 land products (soil moisture, SM, and vegetation optical depth, TAU). With this aim, the European Space Agency (ESA) has provided the Climatology from Satellites Group of the University of Valencia with an ELBARA-II microwave radiometer under a loan agreement since September 2009. During this time, brightness temperatures (TB) have continuously been acquired, except during normal maintenance or minor repair interruptions. ELBARA-II is an L-band dual-polarization radiometer with two channels (1400-1418 MHz, 1409-1427 MHz). It is continuously measuring over a vineyard field (El Renegado, Caudete de las Fuentes, Valencia) from a 15 m platform with a constant protocol for calibration and angular scanning measurements with the aim to assisting the validation of SMOS land products and the calibration of the L-MEB (L-Band Emission of the Biosphere) -basis for the SMOS Level 2 Land Processor- over the VAS validation site. One of the advantages of using the VAS site is the possibility of studying two different environmental conditions along the year. While the vine cycle extends mainly between April and October, during the rest of the year the area remains under bare soil conditions, adequate for the calibration of the soil model. The measurement protocol currently running has shown to be robust during the whole operation time and will be extended in time as much as possible to continue providing a long-term data set of ELBARA-II TB measurements and retrieved SM and TAU. This data set is also showing to be useful in support of SMOS scientific activities: the VAS area and, specifically the ELBARA-II site, offer good conditions to control the long-term evolution of SMOS Level 2 and Level 3 land products and interpret eventual anomalies that may obscure sensor hidden biases. In addition, SM and TAU that are currently

  15. Grandi e piccoli eventi nelle città di mare per mutamenti urbani sostenibili: i casi studio di Lorient e Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Clemente

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In generale, i grandi eventi sono considerati dalle città come la possibilità di realizzare nuove architetture e infrastrutture, per migliorare gli spazi pubblici e dare risonanza internazionale alla città stessa. In molte città contemporanee, la ristrutturazione economica e la riqualificazione urbana posto gli eventi al centro delle strategie di cambiamento.Spesso, tuttavia, questi interventi richiedono un tempo molto breve e investimenti elevati, che non sempre hanno un effetto duraturo nel tempo, con edifici e spazi che, dopo l'evento, si trasformano in spazi pubblici inutilizzati o edifici che devono essere riqualificati.Le città costiere rappresentano un campo privilegiato di analisi per approfondire le dinamiche dei processi di sviluppo e di rigenerazione connessi ad eventi.Alcune città hanno potenziato la propria identità marittima sviluppando attività legate alla vela, eventi sportivi velici e la nautica da diporto, promuovendo la crescita sociale ed economica, nonché la riqualificazione delle aree dismesse. Il recupero di questa identità è il punto di partenza per migliorare la qualità urbana e attrarre grandi eventi, sviluppando la competitività in un circolo virtuoso.L'immagine di queste città è migliorata, a livello locale, nazionale e internazionale, promuovendo processi di riqualificazione che hanno coinvolto i responsabili politici, gli utenti della città e gli stakeolders.Nei casi di successo, i grandi e i piccoli eventi rappresentano tessere di un mosaico più ampio, una visione della città fondata sulla identità marittima e il progetto di riqualificazione del waterfront è stato in grado di rafforzare le relazioni con le aree urbane esistenti.Il saggio propone due casi di studio europei, le città di Lorient e Valencia, mettendo in evidenza il ruolo della pianificazione a lungo termine nei processi di rigenerazione.La città di Lorient, in linea con la sua storia, ha iniziato un processo di rigenerazione

  16. La tirotropinemia (TSH neonatal como indicador del estado nutricional de yodo en Castellón y Valencia (2004-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Barona-Vilar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos. En el cribado de hipotiroidismo congénito en poblaciones con ingesta suficiente de yodo la proporción de neonatos con valores de TSH>5 mU/l debe ser inferior al 3%. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer la prevalencia de déficit de yodo entre las madres y recién nacidos de Castellón y Valencia y, de manera secundaria, evaluar la influencia del día de obtención de la muestra y la utilización de antisépticos yodados. Métodos. Se estudió el valor de TSH en 91.853 recién nacidos entre 2004 y 2006 en Castellón y Valencia. Se compararon las medianas de los valores de TSH considerando las condiciones que define la OMS para analizar el indicador: toma de muestra tras 2 días de vida, y no utilización de antisépticos yodados. Se calcularon y compararon las proporciones de muestras con TSH>5mU/l. Resultados. Entre las muestras que cumplieron las condiciones para el análisis del indicador, la prevalencia de neonatos con TSH>5 mlU/ fue decreciente entre 2004 (2,2% IC95%:1,8%-2,6%, 2005 (2%; IC95%:1,6%-2,3% y 2006 (1,7%; IC95%: 1,4%-2%. La mediana de TSH en muestras de menos de 2 días fue significativamente superior (2,19 mlU/L; Q1-Q3: 1,35-3,40 frente a 1,36 mlU/L; Q1-Q3: 0,78-2,21 (p< 0,001. Considerando las muestras obtenidas tras 2 días de vida, el uso de antisépticos yodados determinó una mediana de TSH significativamente superior (1,54 miU/L; Q1-Q3: 0,88- 2,50 frente a 1,23 mlU/L; Q1-Q3: 0,72-1,97 (p< 0,001. Conclusiones. El valor del indicador de tirotropinemia neonatal en Castellón y Valencia es compatible con la definición de la OMS para poblaciones con una ingesta adecuada de yodo. El cribado neonatal de TSH es una buena herramienta para monitorizar la prevalencia de déficit de yodo, pero debe adecuarse el momento de la extracción y eliminarse la utilización perinatal de antisépticos yodados

  17. Evaluación de estrategias de control biológico de Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks y Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead en naranja Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Imbachi L

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El daño ocasionado por los ácaros Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks y Phyllocoptruta oleivora (Ashmead en el cultivo de naranja Valencia (Citrus sinensis L. es reconocido tanto por el impacto económico como por el daño externo de los frutos. En este trabajo se evaluó el efecto de agentes biológicos para el control de estas plagas en un cultivo comercial de naranja Valencia en el municipio de Caicedonia, Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Se usó un diseño de bloques completos al azar para evaluar los tratamientos siguientes: (1 liberación de especies de Phytoseiidae nativos (Neoseiulus anonymus, Neoseiulus californicus, Iphiseiodes zuluagai y Amblyseius herbicolus en poblaciones de 500 individuos/árbol; (2 liberación de larvas de Chrysoperla carnea (100 larvas/árbol; (3 aplicación localizada de cipermetrina 2 cm³/lt como tratamiento de exclusión de agentes benéficos; y (4 testigo consistente en el tratamiento utilizado por los agricultores (aplicación localizada de abamectina, 1.5 cm³/lt. Las liberaciones de las especies benéficas y las aplicaciones de los tratamientos se realizaron sobre racimos florales y frutos marcados en el tercio medio de cada árbol. Las evaluaciones de daños se realizaron cada semana hasta la cosecha. Los tratamientos de liberación de Phytoseiidae, liberación de larvas de C. carnea y aplicación de abamectina presentaron el menor daño de P. latus; el tratamiento de exclusión de benéficos demostró la importancia de los agentes controladores naturales sobre la plaga. En el manejo de P. oleivora, los tratamientos de liberación de larvas de C. carnea y aplicación de abamectina presentaron los mejores resultados con el menor daño en frutos. La población de P. oleivora ocasionó daños significativos en el tratamiento de liberación de ácaros Phytoseiidae y exclusión de benéficos.

  18. Analyzing anthropogenic pressures in soils of agro-ecological protected coastal wetlands in L'Albufera de Valencia Natural Park, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascual-Aguilar, Juan Antonio; Andreu, Vicente; Gimeno, Eugenia; Picó, Yolanda

    2013-04-01

    Coastal wetlands, despite the importance of their environmental and ecological functions, are areas that suffer of great pressures. Most of them are produced by the rapid development of the surrounding artificial landscapes. Socio-economic factors such as population growth and urban-industrial surfaces expansion introduce pressures on the nearby environment affecting the quality of natural and agricultural landscapes. The present research analyses interconnections among landscapes (urban, agricultural and natural) under the hypothesis that urban-artificial impacts could be detected on soils of an agro-ecological protected area, L'Albufera de Valencia, Natural Park, located in the vicinity or the urban area of the City of Valencia, Spain. It has been developed based on Environmental Forensics criteria witch attend two types of anthropogenic pressures: (1) direct, due to artificialization of soil covers that produce anthropogenic soil sealing, and (2) indirect, which are related to water flows coming from urban populations throw artificial water networks (sewage and irrigation systems) and that ultimately will be identified by the presence of o emerging-pharmaceuticals contaminants in soils of the protected area. For the first case, soil sealing a methodology based on temporal comparison of two digital layers for the years 1991 and 2011 applying Geographical Information Systems and Landscapes Metrics were undertaken. To determine presence of emerging contaminants 15 soil samples within the Natural Park were analyzed applying liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the detection of 17 pharmaceutical compounds. Results show that both processes are present in the Natural Park with a clear geographical pattern. Either soil sealing or detection of pharmaceuticals are more intensive in the northern part of the study area. This is related to population density (detection of pharmaceuticals) and land cover conversion from agricultural and natural surfaces to

  19. Análisis de la colaboración científica de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (Scopus, 2003-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codina-Canet, María Adelina

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la investigación en las universidades se ve fuertemente afectada por los cambios en las políticas de financiación públicas. En el nuevo escenario internacional la investigación científica se globaliza y permite el fortalecimiento de las relaciones de colaboración científica del personal investigador entre instituciones nacionales e internacionales.Objetivos: de la globalización del conocimiento se derivan nuevas políticas de financiación para la cooperación y colaboración científica; el estudio cuantitativo de la colaboración científica de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia permitirá situarla en el contexto científico nacional e internacional, para ello se analizará y evaluará el entorno yla actividad científica internacional de la UPV durante el período 2003-2008, y se describirá el patrón de colaboración de la UPV con otras instituciones nacionales e internacionales.Metodología: en el marco del análisis de la internacionalización de la investigación producida en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (UPV, este estudio examina diversos indicadores de colaboración científica por países e instituciones, tasas de colaboración nacional, sectorial y regional, etc., de trabajos publicados en revistas incluidas en la base de datos SCOPUS. Los datos han sido extraídos de las herramientas elaboradas al efecto dentro del Proyecto Atlas Global de la Ciencia (TIN 2008-06514-C02-01/TIN, financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación.Resultados: la colaboración institucional de la UPV incluye 907 instituciones, el 73.5% de las cuales son extranjeras. La UPV mantiene relaciones de coautoría con 665 instituciones de 60 países. Estados Unidos es el principal socio colaborador por número de instituciones, con 132 instituciones, y 363 trabajos. Finalmente, se analiza la colaboración nacional por ámbito territorial y sector institucional, distribuyéndose la producción en colaboración cient

  20. Del libro de las polémicas: La bardolatría, el caracol y los cangrejos: una polémica sobre la poesía de Guillermo Valencia. Una polémica sobre la poesía de Guillermo Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Pérez Silva

    1980-06-01

    Full Text Available A las plumas de Lope de Azuero y Bernardo Arias Trujillo se agrega ahora la de Eduardo Carranza, entusiasta animador y destacado exponente del grupo de poetas denominado Piedra y Cielo, y "uno de los temperamentos más poéticos que ha tenido nuestro país", al decir atinado de Andrés Holguín. Carranza, dueño de una extraordinaria capacidad para el canto -son múltiples sus creaciones poéticas- también arremetió contr a el maestro Guillermo Valencia, considerado por la mayoría del pueblo culto de Colombia como "el máximo poeta de la patria".

  1. Long-term monitoring of fresco paintings in the cathedral of Valencia (Spain) through humidity and temperature sensors in various locations for preventive conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarzo, Manuel; Fernández-Navajas, Angel; García-Diego, Fernando-Juan

    2011-01-01

    We describe the performance of a microclimate monitoring system that was implemented for the preventive conservation of the Renaissance frescoes in the apse vault of the Cathedral of Valencia, that were restored in 2006. This system comprises 29 relative humidity (RH) and temperature sensors: 10 of them inserted into the plaster layer supporting the fresco paintings, 10 sensors in the walls close to the frescoes and nine sensors measuring the indoor microclimate at different points of the vault. Principal component analysis was applied to RH data recorded in 2007. The analysis was repeated with data collected in 2008 and 2010. The resulting loading plots revealed that the similarities and dissimilarities among sensors were approximately maintained along the three years. A physical interpretation was provided for the first and second principal components. Interestingly, sensors recording the highest RH values correspond to zones where humidity problems are causing formation of efflorescence. Recorded data of RH and temperature are discussed according to Italian Standard UNI 10829 (1999).

  2. Aportación al estudio de la primera enseñanza pública en la ciudad de Valencia: innovaciones educativas en el siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco CANES GARRIDO

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Un precursor mal comprendido, el maestro de primeras letras Ripoll, fue condenado por la Inquisición el 20 de noviembre de 1829 a causa de sus ideas liberales. Es a finales de siglo cuando las ideas reformistas adquieren mayor relieve. La Escuela Normal contó con profesores como Solís que introdujo las nuevas teorías educativas. Lo mismo ocurrió con profesores de la Universidad que difundieron las teorías de la I.L.E. La Junta Local de 1ª enseñanza, a pesar de contar con miembros como Aguilar Blanch, que tanto lucharon por colocar a Valencia en lugar destacado, se vio frenada en sus aspiraciones por la falta de mayor dotación presupuestaria. El Ayuntamiento no obstante atendía la enseñanza pagando, a su debido tiempo, a los maestros, así como dotándoles de material y pago de alquileres.

  3. Régimen climático y patrón espacial de las lluvias en la cuenca del Lago de Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilberto Guevara Pérez

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la investigación es diagnosticar el régimen climático de la cuenca del lago de Valencia y determinar la densidad de la red pluviométrica mediante el análisis de distribución espacial de las lluvias, utilizando la información disponible en la región central (Aragua, Carabobo y Cojedes. La precipitación mensual muestra una distribución unimodal, con el máximo en agosto y el mínimo en marzo. En marzo la humedad relativa disminuye y la velocidad del viento aumenta, ocasionando mayor evaporación. La red pluviométrica debe estar constituida por no más de 18 estaciones pluviométricas, espaciadas a unos 14 km; sin embargo, para mejorar la confiabilidad de los datos, se recomienda prestar atención a la ubicación, instalación y operaciones de las estaciones.

  4. Derivation of Surface Net Radiation at the Valencia Anchor Station from Top of the Atmosphere Gerb Fluxes by Means of Linear Models and Neural Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geraldo Ferreira, A.; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto; Velazquez Blazquez, Almudena; Soria-Olivas, Emilio; Serrano Lopez, Antonio J.; Gomez Chova, Juan

    2012-07-01

    In this work, Linear Models (LM) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) have been developed to estimate net radiation (RN) at the surface. The models have been developed and evaluated by using the synergy between Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB-1) and Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) data, both instruments onboard METEOSAT-9, and ``in situ'' measurements. The data used in this work, corresponding to August 2006 and June to August 2007, proceed from Top of the Atmosphere (TOA) broadband fluxes from GERB-1, every 15 min, and from net radiation at the surface measured, every 10 min, at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) area, having measured independently the shortwave and the longwave radiation components (downwelling and upwelling) for different land uses and land cover. The adjustment of both temporal resolutions for the satellite and in situ data was achieved by linear interpolation that showed less standard deviation than the cubic one. The LMs were developed and validated by using satellite TOA RN and ground station surface RN measurements, only considering cloudy free days selected from the ground data. The ANN model was developed both for cloudy and cloudy-free conditions using seven input variables selected for the training/validation sets, namely, hour, day, month, surface RN, solar zenith angle and TOA shortwave and longwave fluxes. Both, LMs and ANNs show remarkably good agreement when compared to surface RN measurements. Therefore, this methodology can be successfully applied to estimate RN at surface from GERB/SEVIRI data.

  5. Comparison of top of the atmosphere GERB measured radiances with independent radiative transfer simulations obtained at the Valencia Anchor Station area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez Blazquez, A.; Alonso, S.; Bodas-Salcedo, A.; Dewitte, S.; Domenech, C.; Gimeno, J.; Harries, J.; Jorge Sanchez, J.; Labajo, A.; Loeb, N. G.; Pino, D.; Sanchis, A. D.; Smith, G. L.; Szewczyk, Z. P.; Tarruella, R.; Torrobella, J.; Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2005-10-01

    The purpose of this work is to compare top of the atmosphere (TOA) radiances as measured by the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) instrument on board the METEOSAT-8 (METEOSAT Second Generation) satellite to equivalent independent radiances obtained from radiative transfer simulations performed using surface and atmospheric measured parameters gathered during the GERB Surface Ground Validation Campaign at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) reference area in February 2004. In this paper we try to extend the methodology previously developed and tested for the NASA Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument in the framework of the SEVIRI and GERB Cal/val Area for Large scale field ExperimentS (SCALES) project, to validate GERB much lower spatial resolution data (pixel size of the order of 60 x 60 km2 over the VAS). The study also includes the selection of atmospheric profiles from on-purpose radiosonde and GPS (Global Positioning System) data, a BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function) estimation for the large-scale study area and Streamer radiative transfer simulations of TOA shortwave and longwave radiances.

  6. [Coping strategies in stress and sources of professional reward in specialized physicians of the Valencia Community. A study with semi-structured interviews].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escribà-Agüir, Vicenta; Bernabé-Muñoz, Yolanda

    2002-01-01

    The professionals in the medical field are particularly exposed to psychological risk factors which may affect their quality of life. Identification of stress coping strategies and the sources of professional rewards would afford the possibility of implementing preventive measures aimed a moderating the negative effect of these risk factors. The objectives of this study are to identify the stress coping strategies that are used by specialised doctors from six public hospitals of the Valencian Community, and to describe their sources of work reward and job satisfaction. A qualitative study conducted by means of quasi-structured individual interviews of 47 specialists employed at six public hospitals in the province of Valencia. The interviews were taped and subsequently transcribed. An analysis was made of the substance of the opinions expressed. The coping strategies mentioned most often by the physicians interviewed, analyzed overall, are those focused on the emotions, specifically, disconnecting conduct and seeking social emotional support. However, when confronted with specific stressful factors in daily practice, the strategies most often employed as those focused on the problem. A major part of the physicians surveyed state not having any work reward. Among those who do state finding some aspects gratifying, top mention is made of their salary, personal satisfaction related to being in the medical field being ranked second. Including training related to active stress coping strategies in the professional curriculum of physicians could heighten their personal resources for dealing with stress. Organizational changes should additionally be made to increase their work rewards.

  7. Long-Term Monitoring of Fresco Paintings in the Cathedral of Valencia (Spain Through Humidity and Temperature Sensors in Various Locations for Preventive Conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Fernández-Navajas

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe the performance of a microclimate monitoring system that was implemented for the preventive conservation of the Renaissance frescoes in the apse vault of the Cathedral of Valencia, that were restored in 2006. This system comprises 29 relative humidity (RH and temperature sensors: 10 of them inserted into the plaster layer supporting the fresco paintings, 10 sensors in the walls close to the frescoes and nine sensors measuring the indoor microclimate at different points of the vault. Principal component analysis was applied to RH data recorded in 2007. The analysis was repeated with data collected in 2008 and 2010. The resulting loading plots revealed that the similarities and dissimilarities among sensors were approximately maintained along the three years. A physical interpretation was provided for the first and second principal components. Interestingly, sensors recording the highest RH values correspond to zones where humidity problems are causing formation of efflorescence. Recorded data of RH and temperature are discussed according to Italian Standard UNI 10829 (1999.

  8. Long-Term Monitoring of Fresco Paintings in the Cathedral of Valencia (Spain) Through Humidity and Temperature Sensors in Various Locations for Preventive Conservation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarzo, Manuel; Fernández-Navajas, Angel; García-Diego, Fernando-Juan

    2011-01-01

    We describe the performance of a microclimate monitoring system that was implemented for the preventive conservation of the Renaissance frescoes in the apse vault of the Cathedral of Valencia, that were restored in 2006. This system comprises 29 relative humidity (RH) and temperature sensors: 10 of them inserted into the plaster layer supporting the fresco paintings, 10 sensors in the walls close to the frescoes and nine sensors measuring the indoor microclimate at different points of the vault. Principal component analysis was applied to RH data recorded in 2007. The analysis was repeated with data collected in 2008 and 2010. The resulting loading plots revealed that the similarities and dissimilarities among sensors were approximately maintained along the three years. A physical interpretation was provided for the first and second principal components. Interestingly, sensors recording the highest RH values correspond to zones where humidity problems are causing formation of efflorescence. Recorded data of RH and temperature are discussed according to Italian Standard UNI 10829 (1999). PMID:22164100

  9. [Socio-epidemiological and cultural aspects of cutaneous leishmaniasis: conceptions, attitudes and practices in the populations of Tierralta and Valencia (Cordoba, Colombia)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patiño-Londoño, Sandra Yaneth; Salazar, Lina Marcela; Acero, Catalina Tovar; Bernal, Iván Darío Vélez

    2017-01-01

    This article focuses on the conceptions, attitudes and practices of the inhabitants from four villages (veredas) in Tierralta and Valencia (Cordoba, Colombia), who have suffered from or are aware of the existence of cutaneous leishmaniasis. A mixed methodology was implemented based in a qualitative design using interviews and focus groups (n=45) and an epidemiological design which included applying the Montenegro test (n=251), uncovering suspected cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans, (n=5) and applying epidemiological surveys (n=409). Among the results, a lack of knowledge regarding the vector was found; although respondents could identify the Lutzomyia (known as "alú"), they did not correlate it with cutaneous leishmaniasis. In addition, traditional home treatments were more frequently used, increasing the underrecording of cases. With respect to healthcare personnel, flaws in diagnosis and treatment were found, which reinforces adherence to home treatments. This scenario calls for a reflection upon the challenges of the health care system in relation to the interventions of health personnel in communities situated in endemic areas.

  10. La recuperación de la bóveda gótica del ábside de la Catedral de Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Vila Ferrer

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El autor del texto y arquitecto de la intervención relata el proceso de demolición de la bóveda barroca del ábside de la catedral de Valencia para la recuperación de los magníficos frescos renacentistas pintados sobre la bóveda gótica que se encontraban ocultos tras la misma. Este proceso no sólo tuvo que superar las dificultades técnicas derivadas de la compleja operación, sino también persuadir o soslayar a la facción contraria del debate abierto en torno a la intervención, sortear con éxito los impedimentos legales que derivaban de la protección integral del templo como Bien de Interés Cultural y resolver las extrañas incongruencias espaciotemporales y estilísticas que surgieron durante la demolición.

  11. The opinions of injecting drug user (IDUs) HIV patients and health professionals on access to antiretroviral treatment and health services in Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia de la Hera, Manuela; Davo, Maria Carmen; Ballester-Añón, Rosa; Vioque, Jesus

    2011-09-01

    The benefits of HIV treatment (Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy [HAART]) have been less apparent in injecting drug users (IDUs), most probably as a result of poor adherence to treatment. We explored factors related to HIV treatment adherence as reported by 23 IDU-HIV patients and nine health professionals from healthcare services in Alicante and Valencia, Spain. We carried out a qualitative study based on personal interviews. Health professionals reported the lack of coordination among hospital services and difficulties in accessibility to nonspecialized services for IDU-HIV patients as relevant factors for treatment adherence. Their perception of a patient's likelihood of treatment adherence was also considered to influence the decision to prescribe HAART. A better treatment adherence was reported by those IDU-HIV patients with a good doctor-patient relationship and by women with family responsibilities. Patients considered the side effects of HIV treatment, the lack of social support, and the active use of recreational drugs as relevant factors to explain incompliance. Interventions and training of health providers should be aimed at the reduction of barriers in patient-provider communication and the overcoming of stereotypes, thus avoiding discriminatory attitudes in treatment in this vulnerable population.

  12. Protective factors in patients aged over 65 with stroke treated by physiotherapy, showing cognitive impairment, in the Valencia Community. Protection Study in Older People (EPACV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil-Guillen Vicente

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Family function may have an influence on the mental health deterioration of the caregivers of dependent family members and it could have a varying importance on the care of dependents. Little attention has been paid to the preparation of minor stroke survivors for the recovery trajectory or the spouse for the caregiving role. Therefore, this study protocol intends to analyze the influence of family function on the protection of patients with stroke sequels needing physiotherapy in the family environment. Methods/Design This is an analytical observational design, prospective cohort study and using a qualitative methodology by means of data collected in the “interviews of life”. The study will be carried out by the Rehabilitation Service at Hospital of Elda in the Valencia Community. All patients that have been diagnosed with stroke and need physiotherapy treatment, having a dependency grade assigned and consent to participate in the study, will undergo a monitoring of one year in order to assess the predictive factors depending on the dependence of the people affected. Discussion Our research aims to analyze the perception of caregivers, their difficulties to work, and the influence of family function. Moreover, it aims to register the perception of the patients with stroke sequel over the care received and whether they feel protected in their family environment.

  13. Ochratoxin A levels in the plasma of healthy blood donors from Valencia and estimation of exposure degree: comparison with previous national Spanish data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina, A; Mateo, E M; Roig, R J; Blanquer, A; Jiménez, M

    2010-09-01

    Blood plasma levels of ochratoxin A, a toxic secondary metabolite of several fungal species belonging to the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, were determined in 168 blood donors from the population of Valencia (Spain) using LC-FLD. In conjunction with blood collection, detailed information on diet was obtained by using a questionnaire that encompassed a wide range of products potentially contaminated with the toxin. The investigation revealed a detection frequency of 100%. Mean level was 1.09 microg OTA/l of plasma and concentrations ranged between 0.15 and 5.71 microg OTA/l of plasma. Men's levels were slightly higher than levels observed in women. Results were analysed by Spearman rank correlation test and Gamma correlation statistic. There was no strong correlation between individual consumption of 26 food groups, described as possibly contaminated with OTA and plasma level of OTA. Multiple regression and factorial regression models were obtained explaining 14.9 and 64.4%, respectively, but they could not explain overall variability. Daily dietary intake of ochratoxin A was calculated on the basis of plasma toxin levels using the Breitholtz and Klassen formulae; for the overall population, mean values were 1.47 +/- 1.25 and 2.16 +/- 1.88 ng/kg bw/day, respectively. All results have been compared with other Spanish data.

  14. Preliminary results in larger benthic foraminifera assemblage in a mixed siliciclastic-carbonate platform from the Upper Cretaceous of the External Prebetic Domain (Valencia province, SE Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles-Salcedo, Raquel; Vicedo, Vicent

    2016-04-01

    In the External Prebetic Domain (Betic Mountain Range, Valencia province, SE Spain) it is difficult to find good outcrops to study larger benthic foraminifera (LBF), particularly in the Upper Cretaceous deposits, because of three main reasons. During the Upper Cretaceous, the complex paleogeography in the northern Prebetic Domain developed a complex system of shallow-water platforms. This is directly linked to the complexity in the distribution of the facies observed nowadays, which may change drastically in lateral, closely related outcrops having a special negative impact in the lateral extension of stratigraphical levels containing LBF. The second reason is the nature of the shallow water environments in which the larger foraminifera lived. The local continental influence derived in the establishment of very complex mixed platforms. Thus, there is not a complete register through carbonate rocks, but an alternation of microconglomerates, sandstones, calcarenites and carbonates that can be observed in the stratigraphic series of the Upper Cretaceous. This affects negatively in observing changes in the evolutionary trends of taxa. The third reason difficulting the study of LBF in northern localities of the Prebetic Domain is diagenetic. Dolomitization affects a huge part of the Mesozoic rocks deleting all fossil microfauna in the affected rocks. Such three reasons are behind the difficulty in developing correlations and having a comprehensive understanding of the biostratigraphy and phylogeny of the taxa involved. However, after several field trips developed in the northern Prebetic area, an excellent reference section for the study of the LBF in the Prebetic Domain has been identified in the surroundings of the Pinet village (Valencia province). Here, a relatively continuous section with scarce dolomitization and good conditions of accessibility exists. The larger foraminifera assemblages appering in the Pinet section will be compared with other paleobiogeographic

  15. Validation of GERB and CERES radiances and fluxes in the context of the Alacant and Valencia Anchor Stations Ground Field Campaigns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez Blazquez, A.; Asensi, S.; Coll, M. A.; Monsoriu, A.; Domenech, C.; Estelles, V.; Ferreira, A. G.; Priestley, K. J.; Smith, G. L.; Rius, A.; Torrobella, J.; Szewczyk, Z. P.; Dewitte, S.; Gonzalez, L.; Lopez-Baeza, E.

    2009-04-01

    The purpose of this work is to compare top of the atmosphere (TOA) broadband radiances and fluxes measured by the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB-1 and GERB-2) instruments on board Meteosat-8 and Meteosat-9 satellites, and those measured at both TOA and surface levels by the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument, on board Terra, with equivalent radiances and fluxes obtained from radiative transfer simulations. The simulations are performed using surface and atmospheric parameters measured during the GERB/CERES Ground Validation Campaigns at the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS) reference area in February 2004 and August 2006 and at the Alacant Anchor Station (AAS) area in November 2008. The Valencia and Alacant Anchor Stations are automatic meteorological stations equipped with a large number of instruments, that measure, among others, air temperature and humidity at different levels, pressure, wind speed and direction, downwelling and upwelling shortwave and longwave fluxes, soil moisture, soil heat flux and soil temperature at different depths. For the campaigns, additional ground instrumentation is used, such as in-situ radiosoundings for February 2004 campaign, derived precipitable water vapour content from CIMEL sunphotometer and GPS (Global Positioning System) instruments, diffuse shortwave radiation from Eppley automatic solar tracker, radiosoundings from the Spanish stations of Madrid and Murcia, aerosol optical thickness retrieval from CIMEL, and broadband albedo and temperature over shrubs, bare soil and vineyards in the study areas. Other datasets used in the validation procedure come from satellite products such as TOMS (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer) ozone, CERES/SARB (Surface and Atmospheric Radiation Budget) emissivity and bidirectional reflectances derived from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) MOD43 BRDF product. As regards GERB data, GERB enhanced spatial resolution data (GERB High Resolution

  16. Adherence to and appropriateness of anti-osteoporotic treatments in patients aged 50 and over in the Valencia Region (Spain. The ESOSVAL-AD Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Vicente

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Summary Background A study to evaluate the adherence to and appropriateness of anti-osteoporotic treatments in a cohort of men and women aged 50 and over participating in the ESOSVAL-R study. Methods/Design Design: An observational, longitudinal, prospective cohort study; Study subjects: Men and women aged 50 and over living in the Valencia Region (Spain who initiated treatment between June 15, 2009, and June 15, 2011, in primary healthcare centers with electronic medical records; Data sources: The main data source will be electronic medical records. Measurement of results: Degree of compliance with and persistence of anti-osteoporotic treatments, and the proportion of patients with appropriate anti-osteoporotic treatment in accordance with the most relevant and high impact recommendations with clearly defined treatment algorithms in Spain (the Spanish National Health System guide (2010, the General Practitioners' Society (2007 and the General Directorate for Pharmacy and Medical Products of Madrid (2007, and with the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF, 2010, and the International Osteoporosis Foundation guidelines (IOF, 2008; Analysis: 1. Descriptive analysis of patients undergoing treatment and the treatments prescribed; 2. Descriptive analysis of compliance with and persistence of anti-osteoporotic treatments; 3. Analysis of factors associated with compliance with and persistence of treatments by Cox proportional hazard regression models, 4. Descriptive analysis of appropriateness of treatment; 5. Analysis of factors associated with the appropriateness of treatment by multilevel models (4 levels: patient, doctor, Basic Healthcare Zone/Primary Healthcare Center, and Health Area variables. Discussion ESOSVAL-AD will provide information regarding adherence to osteoporosis treatments and the factors associated with a higher or lower adherence (including the appropriateness of the treatment in the Spanish context. A better understanding of this

  17. Impact of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures on quality-of-life. a population-based study in Valencia, Spain (The FRAVO Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reig-Molla Begoña

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To describe the health related quality of life in a population sample of postmenopausal women over the age of 50 and resident in the city of Valencia (Spain, according to the presence/absence of osteoporosis and the severity of prevalent morphometric vertebral fractures. Methods A cross-sectional age-stratified population-based sample of 804 postmenopausal women of 50 years of age and older were assessed with the SF-12 questionnaire. Information about demographic features, lifestyle, clinical features, educational level, anti-osteoporotic and other treatments, comorbidities and risk factors for osteoporosis were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and densitometric evaluation of spine and hip and spine x-rays were carried out. Results In the non-adjusted analysis, mild and moderate-severe vertebral fractures were associated with decreased scores in the SF-12 Physical Component Summary (PCS but not in the Mental Component Summary (MCS, while densitometric osteoporosis with no accompanying fracture was not associated with a worse health related quality of life. In multivariate analysis worse PCS scores were associated to the age groups over 70 (-2.43 for 70-74 group and -2.97 for 75 and older, chronic conditions (-4.66, -6.79 and -11.8 according to the presence of 1, 2 or at least 3 conditions, obesity (-5.35, peripheral fracture antecedents (-3.28, hypoestrogenism antecedents (-2.61 and the presence of vertebral fracture (-2.05. Conclusions After adjusting for confounding factors, the physical components of health related quality of life were significantly lower in women with prevalent osteoporotic vertebral fractures than in women -osteoporotic or not- without vertebral fractures.

  18. Influence of post-harvest application rates of cyprodinil, treatment time and temperature on residue levels and efficacy in controlling green mould on 'Valencia' oranges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schirra, Mario; D'Aquino, Salvatore; Cabras, Paolo; Angioni, Alberto

    2009-07-01

    The effectiveness of heat treatments with water and cyprodinil in controlling post-harvest green mould caused by Penicillium digitatum was investigated on artificially inoculated 'Valencia' oranges. Residue levels of cyprodinil were determined in the oranges as a function of active ingredient concentration, temperature and treatment time. Cyprodinil residues were significantly dependent on treatment time when applied at 600 mg l(-1) and 20 degrees C, but not when fruit were treated at 150-300 mg l(-1). The application of cyprodinil at 50 or 100 mg l(-1) at 55 degrees C for 30 s produced similar residue levels, while residues increased when the application rate was 150 mg l(-1). Cyprodinil at 100 mg l(-1) and 60 degrees C produced a significant increase in residues compared to treatment at 50 mg l(-1); no significant increase in residues was found when the application rate was raised from 100 to 150 mg l(-1). In comparison to treatments performed at 20 degrees C, the application of a heated cyprodinil mixture resulted in significantly higher residues in fruit. All treatments with cyprodinil at 20 degrees C similarly reduced green mould after 7 days of storage at 20 degrees C. After 18 days, treatment with cyprodinil at 600 mg l(-1) for 30 s was more effective than at 150-300 mg l(-1). When dip time was extended to 90 or 180 s, treatment efficacy was positively related to fungicide concentration. Treatments with water at 55 degrees C for 30 s were as effective as cyprodinil at 50-100 mg l(-1), but less effective than cyprodinil at 150 mg l(-1). After 7 days, treatment with water or cyprodinil at 50-150 mg l(-1) and 60 degrees C were equally effective in controlling green mould; while, after 18 days, treatment with cyprodinil at 150 mg l(-1) was consistently more effective than at 50-100 mg l(-1) or hot water alone.

  19. Un contrato inédito de Juan de Juanes. El retablo de la Cofradía de la Sangre de Cristo de Valencia (1539

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez-Ferrer, Mercedes

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on an unpublished contract signed in 1539 by Vicente and Juan Macip for an altarpiece for the Valencian Brotherhood of the Blood of Christ. The agreement stipulates that Juan, later known as Juan de Juanes, had to paint the scenes. Thus the document reinforces the hypothesis that Juan Macip was the most important painter in the Macip workshop during the 1530’s. It also fills a documental void in between the completion of the Silversmith’s Guild altarpiece (1534-1539 and the contract for the Fuente la Higuera altarpiece (1548. This study also verifies the popularity of the iconography of the seven sheddings of the Blood of Christ and processions of disciplinants.

    Se presenta un contrato inédito suscrito por la Cofradía de la Sangre de Cristo de la ciudad de Valencia con Vicente y Juan Macip en 1539. En él se especifica que sea pintado por Juan, más conocido con posterioridad como Juan de Juanes. Se refuerza la hipótesis que permite concretar a Juan Macip como el pintor más importante del taller de los Macip durante la década de los 30, al tiempo que se llena un vacío documental entre la entrega del retablo del gremio de plateros (1534-1539 y la contratación del retablo de Fuente la Higuera (1548. Se constata igualmente la popularidad de la iconografía de los siete derramamientos de la Sangre de Cristo y la procesión de los disciplinantes.

  20. Fotografía y memoria en la construcción del imaginario moderno. La Escuela-Jardín Guadalaviar (Valencia, 1959

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ramón Selva Royo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available La Escuela-Jardín Guadalaviar, emblemática obra del joven Fernando M. García-Ordóñez, es hoy una arquitectura de referencia –uno los nueve proyectos de la Comunidad Valenciana incluidos en la selección ibérica del Docomomo–. Su irrupción en el lánguido panorama arquitectónico de los 50, marcó un punto de ruptura con la tradición constructiva local, permitiendo una apertura a la sinceridad formal, la fluidez espacial y el bioclimatismo. Tras una difícil aceptación inicial, el impacto positivo del proyecto se tradujo en su difusión internacional –L’architecture d’aujourd d’hui; The Architect & Building News, etc.– y en la consolidación de la modernidad en Valencia. El presente artículo reflexiona sobre la pervivencia hasta nuestros días del imaginario arquitectónico de Guadalaviar, a pesar de la desaparición de muchos de sus elementos originales. Además, se analiza la Escuela-Jardín contando con nuevas fuentes primarias: las series fotográficas del seguimiento de la construcción y las memorias profesionales del arquitecto. Junto con la documentación original, se dispone así del marco hermenéutico más completo reunido hasta el momento. Y es que, precisamente a través del constructo originado por la fotografía y su aceptación social, la Escuela-Jardín ha desaparecido y, a la vez, sobrevivido a sí misma.

  1. Potential influence of e-learning and Open Source solutions for education at Palacký University in Olomouc inspired by Polytechnic University in Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rostislav Nétek

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses different approaches in education between Western and Eastern Europe. It is based on a case study, comparing which compares universityies conventions inbetween Spain and Czech Republic, focusinged on e-learning and Open Source softwareources. The Eeducation system at Polytechnic University in Valencia (UPV puts much more emphasis on open source solutions and elearning compared to the situation in Czech Republic. gvSIG is an open source geographic information system (GIS, co-developed at UPV as ain collaboration of commercial companies with research institutions. Lecturers at UPV significantly integrate free and open source (FOSS into classes as well as they participate in open source communities like Planet gvSIG, gvSIG Outreach or Association for the promotion of FOSS4G and the development of gvSIG. In fact, a complex system for self-education in the field of GIS has been developed there. It combines positive relationship to open source solutions and takes advantage from all sections together. The “Aula Virtual” project is a virtual training classroom using the virtual educational platform. Great emphasis is put on step-by-step video tutorials.  300 videos are uploaded on PoliTube Channel, which contain both video and audio and “time-stamps-links”. Time-stamp allows the possibility to switch among videos and other sources (annotation, webpages, etc. dependent on the student’s individual requirements. Compared to the situation in the Czech Republic, where proprietary software is still preferred in the academic sphere, this topic brings place for discussion. This paper discusses two different points of views, benefits of both of them and proposes a solution with regard to the specifics of Czech university education.

  2. Aproximación socio-antropológica a la obesidad infantil: estudio de caso en dos colegios de Valencia (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Navas López

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETÍVO: El artículo analiza los marcos interpretativos de 82 niños/as (10-12 años y de 10 madres/1 padre, sobre obesidad y sobrepeso, en dos colegios de Valencia (España. MÉTODOS: Se trata del estudio piloto de un proyecto de investigación cualitativa. Con los niños se usaron cuestionarios de respuesta abierta y elaboración de obras de teatro y cuentos, mientras que con los padres se realizaron grupos de discusión. Se tuvieron en cuenta aspectos como: diferencias de género, atributos negativos y formas de discriminación. En el caso de los padres, se propuso la cuestión de las causas y posibles soluciones del problema en relación a las existentes. RESULTADOS: Entre los niños/as emergieron términos negativos asociados al sobrepeso, presentando una mayor focalización corporal en el abdomen los niños y una notable importancia de la estética las niñas, unida a una percepción más amplia de los efectos del sobrepeso en la sociabilidad. Entre los padres, la preocupación tuvo una preponderancia en los efectos psicológicos del sobrepeso en sus hijos por encima de las consecuencias para la salud (solo en casos graves de obesidad. CONCLUSIÓN: La percepción de los padres sobre las posibles soluciones mostró la clara influencia de los discursos nutricionales, resultado de campañas de concienciación, así como el escaso conocimiento de otras posibles formas de intervención con mayor énfasis social o participativo.

  3. Impact of dust and smoke mixing on column-integrated aerosol properties from observations during a severe wildfire episode over Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Amo, J L; Estellés, V; Marcos, C; Segura, S; Esteve, A R; Pedrós, R; Utrillas, M P; Martínez-Lozano, J A

    2017-12-01

    The most destructive wildfire experienced in Spain since 2004 occurred close to Valencia in summer 2012. A total of 48.500ha were affected by two wildfires, which were mostly active during 29-30 June. The fresh smoke plume was detected at the Burjassot measurement station simultaneously to a severe dust episode. We propose an empirical method to evaluate the dust and smoke mixing and its impact on the microphysical and optical properties. For this, we combine direct-sun measurements with a Cimel CE-318 sun-photometer with an inversion methodology, and the Mie theory to derive the column-integrated size distribution, single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter (g). The mixing of dust and smoke greatly increased the aerosol load and modified the background aerosol properties. Mineral dust increased the aerosol optical depth (AOD) up to 1, while the smoke plume caused an extreme AOD peak of 8. The size distribution of the mixture was bimodal, with a fine and coarse modes dominated by the smoke particles and mineral dust, respectively. The SSA and g for the dust-smoke mixture show a marked sensitivity on the smoke mixing-ratio, mainly at longer wavelengths. Mineral dust and smoke share a similar SSA at 440nm (~0.90), but with opposite spectral dependency. A small dust contribution to the total AOD substantially affects the SSA of the mixture, and also SSA at 1020nm increases from 0.87 to 0.95. This leads to a different spectral behaviour of SSA that changes from positive (smoke plume) to negative (dust), depending on the dust and smoke mixing-ratio. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Development of Conductivity Sensors for Multi-Phase Flow Local Measurements at the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) and University Jaume I of Castellon (UJI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz-Cobo, José Luis; Chiva, Sergio; Méndez, Santos; Monrós, Guillem; Escrivá, Alberto; Cuadros, José Luis

    2017-05-10

    This paper describes all the procedures and methods currently used at UPV (Universitat Politécnica de Valencia) and UJI (University Jaume I) for the development and use of sensors for multi-phase flow analysis in vertical pipes. This paper also describes the methods that we use to obtain the values of the two-phase flow magnitudes from the sensor signals and the validation and cross-verification methods developed to check the consistency of the results obtained for these magnitudes with the sensors. First, we provide information about the procedures used to build the multi-sensor conductivity probes and some of the tests performed with different materials to avoid sensor degradation issues. In addition, we provide information about the characteristics of the electric circuits that feed the sensors. Then the data acquisition of the conductivity probe, the signal conditioning and the data processing including the device that have been designed to automatize all the measurement process of moving the sensors inside the channels by means of stepper electric motors controlled by computer are shown in operation. Then, we explain the methods used for bubble identification and categorization. Finally, we describe the methodology used to obtain the two-phase flow information from the sensor signals. This includes the following items: void fraction, gas velocity, Sauter mean diameter and interfacial area concentration. The last part of this paper is devoted to the conductance probes developed for the annular flow analysis, which includes the analysis of the interfacial waves produced in annular flow and that requires a different type of sensor.

  5. El español hablado en Valencia. Interferencia lingüística y enseñanza de la lengua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Giménez Folqués

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen. Todas las lenguas muestran variación, tanto desde el punto de vista geográfico como social, y su aprendizaje siempre se produce a través de una de sus variedades geográficas. Hay zonas en que el español convive con otras lenguas, y esto le da una serie de características especiales que el profesor de español como lengua extranjera debe conocer y explicar a sus alumnos. En este trabajo, analizamos algunas interferencias lingüísticas que se producen entre español y valenciano, variedad del catalán que se habla en Valencia, y proponemos algunas actividades didácticas para su aprovechamiento en las clases de ELE. Palabras clave. Variación, dialectos, interferencia lingüística, enseñanza.   Abstract. All languages show variation both from a geographical and a social point of view, and its learning is always produced through one of its geographical varieties. There are areas where the Spanish language coexist with other languages, and this gives it a series of special features which the teachers of Spanish as a foreign language must know and explain to his/her students. In this paper, we analyze some linguistic interferences which are produced between Spanish and Valencian –a variety of Catalan which is spoken in Valencia– and, finally, we propose some teaching activities to be used in ELE classes. Key words: variation, dialect, linguistic interference, teaching.

  6. Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus detection by Polymerase Chain Reaction and their relation to dental caries in 12 and 15 year-old schoolchildren in Valencia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Acedo, Mateo; Montiel-Company, José-María; Dasí-Fernández, Francisco; Almerich-Silla, José-Manuel

    2013-11-01

    A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus and the association of the two in a random sample (n=614) of the child population of the region of Valencia (Spain). Saliva samples were analyzed by the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to study the relation of these bacteria to caries prevalence and the DMFT index. The prevalence of S. mutans was 35.4% at age 12 and 22.9% at age 15, that of S. sobrinus 18.9% and 8.4% and that of the S. mutans-S. sobrinus association 18.2% and 6.8% respectively. At both 12 and 15 years of age, the caries prevalence rates were lower in the Streptococcus-free group of children (37.6% and 48.5% respectively) and higher in the S.mutans-only group (67.3% and 74.0%). At the age of 12, the DMFT index was significantly higher in the mutans-only carriers (2.1) than in the Streptococcus-free and S. mutans-S. sobrinus association groups (both 0.9). At the age of 15, the DMFT index was significantly higher in the S. mutans-S. sobrinus association (3.71) and mutans-only (3.1) carrier groups than in the Streptococcus-free group (1.4). Determination of S. mutans and S. sobrinus by real-time quantitative PCR can provide valuable information for caries risk assessment in epidemiological studies.

  7. Analytical methods and simulation models to assess innovative operational measures and technologies for rail port terminals: the case of Valencia Principe Felipe terminal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricci, S.

    2016-07-01

    assessment of possible future scenarios to the case study of the Principe Felipe sea-rail terminal in Valencia. (Author)

  8. Evaluating BTEX concentration in soil using a simple one-dimensional vado zone model: application to a new fuel station in Valencia (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo-Ilarri, Javier; Rodrigo-Clavero, María-Elena

    2017-04-01

    Specific studies of the impact of fuel spills on the vadose zone are currently required when trying to obtain the environmental permits for new fuel stations. The development of One-Dimensional mathematical models of fate and transport of BTEX on the vadose zone can therefore be used to understand the behavior of the pollutants under different scenarios. VLEACH - a simple One-Dimensional Finite Different Vadose Zone Leaching Model - uses an numerical approximation of the Millington Equation, a theoretical based model for gaseous diffusion in porous media. This equation has been widely used in the fields of soil physics and hydrology to calculate the gaseous or vapor diffusion in porous media. The model describes the movement of organic contaminants within and between three different phases: (1) as a solute dissolved in water, (2) as a gas in the vapor phase, and (3) as an absorbed compound in the soil phase. Initially, the equilibrium distribution of contaminant mass between liquid, gas and sorbed phases is calculated. Transport processes are then simulated. Liquid advective transport is calculated based on values defined by the user for infiltration and soil water content. The contaminant in the vapor phase migrates into or out of adjacent cells based on the calculated concentration gradients that exist between adjacent cells. After the mass is exchanged between the cells, the total mass in each cell is recalculated and re-equilibrated between the different phases. At the end of the simulation, (1) an overall area-weighted groundwater impact for the entire modeled area and (2) the concentration profile of BTEX on the vadose zone are calculated. This work shows the results obtained when applying VLEACH to analyze the contamination scenario caused by a BTEX spill coming from a set of future underground storage tanks located on a new fuel station in Aldaia (Valencia region - Spain).

  9. Impact of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures on quality-of-life. a population-based study in Valencia, Spain (The FRAVO Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanfélix-Genovés, José; Hurtado, Isabel; Sanfélix-Gimeno, Gabriel; Reig-Molla, Begoña; Peiró, Salvador

    2011-04-06

    To describe the health related quality of life in a population sample of postmenopausal women over the age of 50 and resident in the city of Valencia (Spain), according to the presence/absence of osteoporosis and the severity of prevalent morphometric vertebral fractures. A cross-sectional age-stratified population-based sample of 804 postmenopausal women of 50 years of age and older were assessed with the SF-12 questionnaire. Information about demographic features, lifestyle, clinical features, educational level, anti-osteoporotic and other treatments, comorbidities and risk factors for osteoporosis were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and densitometric evaluation of spine and hip and spine x-rays were carried out. In the non-adjusted analysis, mild and moderate-severe vertebral fractures were associated with decreased scores in the SF-12 Physical Component Summary (PCS) but not in the Mental Component Summary (MCS), while densitometric osteoporosis with no accompanying fracture was not associated with a worse health related quality of life. In multivariate analysis worse PCS scores were associated to the age groups over 70 (-2.43 for 70-74 group and -2.97 for 75 and older), chronic conditions (-4.66, -6.79 and -11.8 according to the presence of 1, 2 or at least 3 conditions), obesity (-5.35), peripheral fracture antecedents (-3.28), hypoestrogenism antecedents (-2.61) and the presence of vertebral fracture (-2.05). After adjusting for confounding factors, the physical components of health related quality of life were significantly lower in women with prevalent osteoporotic vertebral fractures than in women--osteoporotic or not--without vertebral fractures.

  10. Transcriptional profiling of genes involved in embryogenic, non-embryogenic calluses and somatic embryogenesis of Valencia sweet orange by SSH-based microarray.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Xiao-Xia; Chai, Li-Jun; Liu, Zheng; Wu, Xiao-Meng; Deng, Xiu-Xin; Guo, Wen-Wu

    2012-10-01

    Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a most promising technology that is used for in vitro germplasm conservation and genetic improvement via biotechnological approaches in citrus. Herein, three suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) libraries were constructed using calluses of Citrus sinensis cv. 'Valencia' to explore the molecular mechanisms that underlie the SE in citrus. A total of 880 unisequences were identified by microarray screening based on these three SSH libraries. Gene ontology analysis of the differentially expressed genes indicated that nucleolus associated regulation and biogenesis processes, hormone signal transduction, and stress factors might be involved in SE. Transcription factors might also play an important role. LEC1/B3 domain regulatory network genes (LEC1, L1L, FUS3, ABI3, and ABI5) were isolated in citrus SE. Some new transcription factors associated with citrus SE, like a B3 domain containing gene and HB4, were identified. To understand the influence of these isolated genes on SE competence, their expression profiles were compared among callus lines of seven citrus cultivars with different SE competence. The expression dynamics suggested that these genes could be necessary for the SE initiation and might play a role in embryogenic competence maintenance in different cultivars. On the basis of gene expression profiles, an overview of major physiological and biosynthesis processes at different developmental stages during citrus SE is presented. For the first time, these data provide a global resource for transcriptional events important for SE in citrus, and the specific genes offer new information for further investigation on citrus SE maintenance and development.

  11. The effects of the financial crisis and austerity measures on the Spanish health care system: a qualitative analysis of health professionals' perceptions in the region of Valencia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervero-Liceras, Francisco; McKee, Martin; Legido-Quigley, Helena

    2015-01-01

    The recent financial crisis has seen severe austerity measures imposed on the Spanish health care system. However, the impacts are not yet well documented. We describe the findings from a qualitative study that explored health care professionals' perception of the effects of austerity measures in the Spanish Autonomous Community of Valencia. A total of 21 semi-structured interviews were conducted with health professionals, recorded and fully transcribed. We coded all interviews using an inductive approach, drawing on techniques used in the constant comparative method. Health professionals reported increases in mental health conditions and malnutrition linked to a loss of income from employment and cuts to social support services. Health care professionals perceived that the quality of health care had become worse and health outcomes had deteriorated as a result of austerity measures. Interviewees also suggested that increased copayments meant that a growing number of patients could not afford necessary medication. While a few supported reforms and policies, such as the increase in copayments for pharmaceuticals, most opposed the privatization of health care facilities, and the newly introduced Royal Decree-law 16/2012, particularly the exclusion of non-residents from the health care system. The prevailing perception is that austerity measures are having negative effects on the quality of the health care system and population health. In light of this evidence there is an urgent need to evaluate the austerity measures recently introduced and to consider alternatives such as the derogation of the Royal Decree-law 16/2012. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Evaluación de las dimensiones de valencia, activación, frecuencia subjetiva de uso y relevancia para la ansiedad, la depresión y la ira de 238 sustantivos en una muestra universitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Acosta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de las evaluaciones que realizaron un grupo de estudiantes universitarios sobre 238 sustantivos en las dimensiones de valencia, activación, frecuencia subjetiva de uso y relevancia para la ansiedad, la depresión y la ira. Los datos normativos que se muestran pueden ser de gran utilidad para aquellos investigadores que estudian las relaciones entre cognición y emoción, particularmente cuando utilizan tareas de atención o de memoria en que se incluyen estímulos verbales y los participantes son seleccionados por sus rasgos afectivos.

  13. Una iniciativa artística de los alumnos de la Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Carlos: la exposición organizada en el vestíbulo del teatro Principal de Valencia en julio de 1882

    OpenAIRE

    Roig Condomina, Vicente; Sempere Vilaplana, Luisa

    2004-01-01

    En julio de 1882, los alumnos de la Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Carlos de Valencia organizaron una exposición artística en el vestíbulo del teatro Principal, con el objeto de destinar sus beneficios a la creación de otra de carácter permanente. Aunque la muestra fue muy visitada y resultó un éxito, el proyecto de exposición permanente, no obstante, todavía tendría que esperar algunos años para llegar a ser una realidad. (A)

  14. Sociedad, cultura material y consumo en la Valencia de finales del Antiguo Régimen: un análisis comparativo entre el medio rural y el urbano. (Sueca-Xàtiva, 1700-1824)

    OpenAIRE

    Rosado Calatayud, Luis Miguel

    2014-01-01

    En la tesis doctoral Sociedad, cultura material y consumo en la Valencia de finales del Antiguo Régimen: Un análisis comparativo entre el medio rural y el urbano. (Sueca-Xàtiva, 1700-1824), se aborda un estudio comparativo de la evolución de la demanda de los diferentes tipos de bienes, y de un modo especial de los géneros textiles, entre 1700 y 1824 mediante el análisis del consumo realizado en un núcleo rural y uno urbano. Este trabajo de investigación trata de contribuir al conocimiento de...

  15. Estudio crítico de la flora vascular del Lugar de Interés Comunitario "Muela de Cortes y Caroche" (Valencia). Bases para su gestión y conservación

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer-Gallego, Pedro Pablo

    2014-01-01

    Se realiza un estudio de la flora vascular del Lugar de Interés Comunitario (LIC) Muela de Cortes y el Caroche (Valencia, España). El objetivo general de este trabajo es el conocimiento de los táxones presentes en este territorio y la compilación de la información referente a su presencia en la zona. Como objetivos concretos, se destaca: 1) la búsqueda y selección de áreas de interés para la conservación por la presencia de especies de elevado valor en el conjunto de la flora v...

  16. Destrucción, conciencia de conservación y restauración del patrimonio arquitectónico de la ciudad de Valencia enel siglo XIX: el ejemplo de los monumentos góticos

    OpenAIRE

    Roig Condomina, Vicente; Sempere Vilaplana, Luisa

    2003-01-01

    En las últimas décadas del siglo XIX se afianza en Valencia una enérgica corriente de opinión sensibilizada ante el gran deterioro en que se hallan las máximas expresiones artísticas del pasado de la ciudad, sobre todo los monumentos góticos, reivindicándose su conservación y restauración ante la amenaza de su pérdida o continuo menoscabo. Ante tal realidad, diversas instituciones, como tutelares del patrimonio histórico-artístico, especialmente el Ayuntamiento, tomarán conciencia del problem...

  17. Environmental R and D techniques for applied to SMEs. The reference of Valencia technological institutes; Las tecnicas medioambientales de I+D+I aplicadas a Pymes. El referente de los institutos tecnologicos valencianos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frontera Roig, D.

    2009-07-01

    The 14 Technology Centres of the Valencia Region were founded a few decades ago. They aimed at promoting a competitive and solid industrial network through Innovation, Research and Development. The centres have become a key factor in the creation and development of numerous business innovative initiatives. Nowadays, they count on more than 12.000 associates, mainly Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). Environmental criteria have always been essential to the centres innovating activity. The centres are aware of the fact in order to progress the environmental variable and sustainable development are vital. (Author)

  18. El refugio en altura andalusí de Vilella (Almiserat, Valencia), un ejemplo de arquitectura defensiva rural en el ámbito centro-meridional valenciano (ca. 1150-1250)

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez i Signes, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    The results of the study of the small rural refuge of Vilella (Almiserat, Valencia), built in rammed earth technique in the last period of the Islamic domination in the Sharq al-Andalus, are here exposed. This work analyses the shape and the defences of the enclosure (access system and western tower) and, above all, the different types of rammed earth fabric and the building traces associated to it. It analyses as well other recorded building techniques.Presentamos en este trabajo los resulta...

  19. Ecología y geoquímica de ostrácodos como indicadores paleoambientales en ambientes marginales marinos.: Un ejemplo de estudio. La Albufera de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Barba, Javier

    2010-01-01

    El presente estudio paleolimnológico se centra en la evolución Holocena de la Albufera de Valencia, el mayor lago costero oligohalino de la Península Ibérica. Este lago costero ha sido el punto de mira de numerosos estudios durante el último siglo, sin embargo, se sabía muy poco sobre el origen y evolución del mismo. Se utilizaron los restos subfósiles de ostrácodos como los mejores bioindicadores ambientales. Se emprendió un estudio basado en la calibración de una especie de ostr...

  20. Obtención de almidón fermentado a partir de yuca (Manihot esculenta crantz) variedad valencia, factibilidad de uso en productos de panadería

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Vargas Aguilar

    2011-01-01

    Se realizaron pruebas de fermentación de almidón de yuca (Manihot esculenta variedad Valencia) para conocer el proceso de elaboración  del almidón agrio.Se efectuaron tres repeticiones  durante el proceso fermentativo duró aproximadamente treinta y cinco días.Se hicieron determinaciones de pH y recuentos microbiológicos de la flora mesófila aerobia y de lactobacilos para asegurar el proceso. Una vez transcurrido este período, se procedió a secar el producto obtenido mediante exposición direct...

  1. Proyecto básico y estructural de polideportivo multiusos en el Polígono Vara de Quart. Valencia - Cálculo y dimensionamiento de la cubierta y proceso constructivo.

    OpenAIRE

    ONIELFA BELENGUER, DAVID

    2015-01-01

    [EN] The present work aims to develop a basic and structural project for the design of a multi-purpose sports hall in Vara de Quart, Valencia. They are only taken as baseline data location and the Geotechnical study of the work project. It¿s one study of solutions of the functional solution of how structural sports. It is intended to give the greatest possible number of services; the solution adopted allows the practice of basketball, indoor football, volleyball, handball, badminton and gymna...

  2. Paleopatología oral y análisis de elementos traza en el estudio de la dieta de la población epipaleolítica de "El Collado" (Oliva, Valencia)

    OpenAIRE

    Chimenos Küstner, Eduardo

    1992-01-01

    Este estudio pretende analizar la paleodieta de los individuos hallados en el yacimiento epipaleolítico de "El Collado" (Oliva, Valencia), en función de su análisis dentario y de elementos traza. Para ello se han estudiado 13 individuos y 14 especímenes faunísticos. Solamente ha sido posible atribuir la edad y el sexo a 11 de los individuos: dos de ellos son individuos juveniles y 9 adultos, de los cuales a 7 se les han atribuido el sexo masculino y a dos el femenino. En el estudio de la pale...

  3. USCIS My Case Status

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — USCIS provide a way for the public who applied for U.S. citizenship to check the status of their application online. To view the status of a case, the application...

  4. The political-economic education of the rulers in the discourses to the king Philip III by Pedro de Valencia (1555-1620 La educación político-económica del gobernante en los discursos al rey Felipe III de Pedro de Valencia (1555-1620

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Luis PARADINAS FUENTES

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Present-day economical crisis resembles partly that one suffered in Spain at the beginning of the 17th century. In those days, the Spanish Crown, which like all modern States had needed to carry out new functions such as deciding the ell into a deep economic crisis. Many treatises and discourses, several of them addressed to the king Philip III were written to change the economic policy of the State, which was considered responsible for the evils affecting Spain. Some of these texts have been studied by the historians of economics, but not by the historians of education, however they can be, in our opinion, included in that literary genre whose objective was the education of the princes. In this work we will analyse the writings dedicated to that king by the Spanish humanist Pedro de Valencia with the aim of educating the rulers of the Monarchy so that they could acquire the necessary intellectual and moral virtues to accomplish their duties. There are in his texts many teachings that are still valid nowadays.La crisis económica actual tiene ciertos paralelismos con la que sufrió España en el comienzo del siglo XVII. En aquel tiempo, la Corona española, que como todos los Estados modernos para poder consolidarse había tenido necesidad de cumplir nuevas funciones como las de decidir la política fiscal y la monetaria, entró en una profunda crisis económica. Con la intención de cambiar la política económica del Estado, a la que se hacía responsable de los males que aquejaban a España, se redactaron multitud de discursos y tratados, muchos de los cuales se dirigieron directamente al rey Felipe III. Algunos de estos escritos han sido estudiados por los historiadores de la economía, pero no por los de la educación, a pesar de que, según nuestra opinión, pueden incluirse dentro del género de literatura que tenía como objetivo la educación de los príncipes. En este trabajo vamos a analizar los que dedicó a dicho monarca el

  5. Parametrisation of the optical thickness of a Rayleigh atmosphere, for the 290-385 nm band.; Parametrizacion del espesor optico de una atmosfera de rayleigh para la banda UVA 290-385 nm. Determinacion de un factor de turbiedad para dicha banda en Valencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serrano, M. A; Bosca, J. V.; Canada, J.

    2004-07-01

    Parametrisation of the optical thickness of a Rayleigh atmosphere, for the 290-385 nm band of the solar spectrum, were obtained in relation to the relative air mass. A TB so-called factor has been defined as the factor to be multiplied the optical thickness of a Rayleigh atmosphere to produce the same attenuation to normal beam irradiance of this band. Finally with 18754 experimental measurements of global horizontal 290-385 nm irradiance, in Valencia taken in half an hour intervals, in cloudless conditions from January 1996 to December 2000 in Valencia, values of TB, have been determined. (Author)

  6. Heuristic status polling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, Charles J [Rochester, MN; Blocksome, Michael A [Rochester, MN; Heidelberger, Philip [Cortlandt Manor, NY; Kumar, Sameer [White Plains, NY; Parker, Jeffrey J [Rochester, MN; Ratterman, Joseph D [Rochester, MN

    2011-06-07

    Methods, compute nodes, and computer program products are provided for heuristic status polling of a component in a computing system. Embodiments include receiving, by a polling module from a requesting application, a status request requesting status of a component; determining, by the polling module, whether an activity history for the component satisfies heuristic polling criteria; polling, by the polling module, the component for status if the activity history for the component satisfies the heuristic polling criteria; and not polling, by the polling module, the component for status if the activity history for the component does not satisfy the heuristic criteria.

  7. El refugio en altura andalusí de Vilella (Almiserat, Valencia, un ejemplo de arquitectura defensiva rural en el ámbito centro-meridional valenciano (ca. 1150-1250

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez i Signes, Miquel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of the study of the small rural refuge of Vilella (Almiserat, Valencia, built in rammed earth technique in the last period of the Islamic domination in the Sharq al-Andalus, are here exposed. This work analyses the shape and the defences of the enclosure (access system and western tower and, above all, the different types of rammed earth fabric and the building traces associated to it. It analyses as well other recorded building techniques.Presentamos en este trabajo los resultados del estudio realizado sobre el pequeño refugio rural de Vilella (Almiserat, Valencia, construido mediante la técnica del tapial durante los últimos momentos de dominación islámica en el Sharq al-Andalus. Se analizan la planta y las defensas del recinto (sistema de ingreso y torre oeste y, sobre todo, los distintos tipos de fábrica de tapia y las improntas constructivas asociadas a esta técnica. También se analizan otras técnicas de construcción documentadas.

  8. Estudio de las fábricas de ladrillo en Valencia: análisis mensiocronológico y técnicas de acabado (s. XVII-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristini, Valentina

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The traditional techniques of brick masonry in Valencia, mainly in the 17th and 18th centuries, are highly interesting to understand the urban distribution of the city. This period is featured by a huge development of the local brick production and the expansion of cheap and simple masonries lacking building specialists. Direct and indirect documentary sources enable to find out really interesting unknown aspects about the mensiochronological evolution of bricks, their joints and finishing techniques typical of the city centre.Las técnicas tradicionales de construcción de fábricas de ladrillo empleadas en Valencia, sobre todo a lo largo de los siglos XVII y XVIII, presentan un gran interés específico para la comprensión del tejido construido de la ciudad. Se trata de una época caracterizada por un gran desarrollo de la producción ladrillera autóctona y la difusión respectiva de fábricas económicas, simples y sin necesidad de obreros especializados. Las fuentes consultadas para este estudio, tanto directas como indirectas, han permitido descubrir interesantes aspectos desconocidos, relacionados con la evolución mensiocronológica de los ladrillos, los tipos de juntas y las técnicas de acabado propias del centro histórico de la ciudad.

  9. La financiación de las empresas mediterráneas de Alfonso el Magnánimo. Bailía General, Subsidios de Cortes y Crédito Institucional en Valencia (1419-1455

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Jódar, Antonio José

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the role of the General Bailía of Valencia—the office for the management of the royal domain resources of the kingdom of Valencia- in the political and military projects of Alfonso V the Magnanimous in the Mediterranean. In this way its also analysed the role of the Parliament, a class representation of the kingdom, and the city of Valencia, main urban centre The incomes from the royal domain, the donations from the Parliaments as a representative assemblies, and the loans provided by the city of Valencia contributed in a decisive way to the guarantee of the economic viability of Alfonso Vs military expansion. It is right that the main instruments that the king had to apply his aggressive policy was, on the one hand, the centralized and complex organization around the General Treasure of the Crown of Aragon and, later on, to the Treasure of the Kingdom of Naples; on the other hand, to the solid banking infrastructure built around the Mediterranean. Therefore, both of them were based on the confidence and guaranties offered by the powerful ordinary and non ordinary tax structures of the kingdom, and the solid financial support given by the institutions of the kingdom.

    En este trabajo se pretende determinar la funciones respectivas que la bailía general de Valencia, como oficina administradora de los recursos patrimoniales de la corona, las Cortes, en su calidad de representación estamental del reino, y la ciudad de Valencia, el principal centro urbano del país, desempeñaron en la financiación de los ambiciosos proyectos político-militares de Alfonso V en el Mediterráneo. De hecho, las rentas derivadas del Real Patrimonio, los donativos proporcionados por las asambleas representativas y los préstamos facilitados por el municipio contribuyeron decisivamente a garantizar la viabilidad económica de las empresas bélicas del Magnánimo. Es cierto que los principales instrumentos con los que contaba el monarca

  10. Morfologia de embriões nucelares de laranja 'Valência' (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck Morphology of 'Valencia' sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck nucellar embryos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Januzzi Mendes-da-Glória

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a morfologia de embriões nucelares de laranja 'Valência' (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck a fim de fornecer informações para estudos de embriogênese somática induzida in vitro visando o melhoramento de citros que utilizem essa variedade. Para a realização dessas avaliações, embriões coletados de sementes provenientes de frutos maduros (13 meses após o florescimento foram fixados, desidratados e preparados para a realização dos cortes histológicos seriados. Dos embriões avaliados, apenas um apresentou a morfologia de embrião zigótico. Os demais mostraram cotilédones com angulações e formatos distintos. Foram observados embriões mal formados com a não diferenciação de ápice caulinar e/ou ápice radicular, não desenvolvimento de um dos cotilédones, além de eixo embrionário colapsado. Os dados obtidos poderão auxiliar na interpretação dos tipos morfológicos de embriões somáticos obtidos in vitro e sua capacidade de conversão em plantas.This research work evaluated the morphology of nucellar embryos of 'Valencia' sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck, in an effort to provide this information as a reference in somatic embryo induction experiments, for in vitro breeding of this cultivar. Embryos were collected from mature fruits (13 months after blooming, and were fixed, dehydrated and prepared for serial histological cuts. Among the embryos, only one presented similar morphology to a zygotic embryo, whereas the others showed different shapes and angles in the cotyledons. Not well formed embryos were also observed, mainly due to the lack of the differentiation of the shoot apex and/or root apex, undevelopment of one of the cotyledons, or sometimes due to the collapsed embryo. The results may contribute to a better understanding of different embryo morphologies of somatic embryos and their capacity to convert in plants.

  11. Estimation of alcohol consumption during “Fallas” festivity in the wastewater of Valencia city (Spain) using ethyl sulfate as a biomarker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrés-Costa, María Jesús, E-mail: M.Jesus.Andres@uv.es [Environmental and Food Safety Research Group (SAMA-UV), Desertification Research Centre CIDE (CSIC-UV-GV), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia (Spain); Escrivá, Úrsula [Environmental and Food Safety Research Group (SAMA-UV), Desertification Research Centre CIDE (CSIC-UV-GV), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia (Spain); Andreu, Vicente [Lanscape Chemistry and Environmental Forensics Group, CIDE (CSIC-UV-GV), Carretera Moncada, Náquera, Km. 4.5, Moncada, 46113 Valencia (Spain); Picó, Yolanda [Environmental and Food Safety Research Group (SAMA-UV), Desertification Research Centre CIDE (CSIC-UV-GV), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia (Spain)

    2016-01-15

    Alcohol consumption has been increasing in the last years and it has become a sociological problem due its derived health and safety problems. Ethyl sulfate is a secondary metabolite of the alcohol degradation that is excreted through the urine (0.010–0.016%) after alcohol ingestion and it is quite stable in water. In this study, a new methodology to determine ethyl sulfate by ion-pair liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) was developed. Different ion-pairs and additives were tested directly in the sample extracts or in the mobile phase. The best ion-pair was set up adding 0.5 M of tributylamine and 0.1% of formic acid to the sample. The limit of quantification was 0.3 μg L{sup −1} and the intra-day and inter-day precision of the method were ≤ 2.8 and ≤ 3.0%, respectively. Good linearity (r{sup 2} < 0.999) and low matrix effect (< 30% corrected by using internal isotopically labelled internal standard) were achieved. The sampling campaign was from 4th to 20th March of 2014 covering the festivity of Fallas (15th to 19th March). Ethyl sulfate was determined in all influents of the 3 wastewater treatment plants (Pinedo I, Pinedo II and Quart-Benàger) belonging to Valencia and surrounding area. Ethyl sulfate concentrations ranged from 1.46 to 19.85 μg L{sup −1} and alcohol consumption ranged from 1.07 to 56.11 mL day{sup −1} inhab{sup −1}, being the highest value of alcohol consumption determined during Fallas. This study presents a reliable and alternative method to traditional ones to determine alcohol consumption by population that provides real-time information of alcohol consumption. - Highlights: • Direct determination of ethyl sulfate in wastewater by ion-pair LC–MS/MS • Different ion-pairs and additives were tested and compared. • Sewage epidemiology was applied to estimate alcohol consumption. • The increase in the alcohol consumption during Fallas festivity is noticeable.

  12. Comparison and Evaluation of the TES and ANEM Algorithms for Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Separation over the Area of Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluís Pérez-Planells

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Land Surface temperature (LST is a key magnitude for numerous studies, especially for climatology and assessment of energy fluxes between surface and atmosphere. Retrieval of accurate LST requires a good characterization of surface emissivity. Both quantities are coupled in a single radiance measurement; for this reason, for N spectral bands available in a remote sensor, there will always be N + 1 unknowns. To solve the indeterminacy, temperature-emissivity separation methods have been proposed, among which the Temperature Emissivity Separation (TES algorithm is one of the most widely used. The Adjusted Normalized Emissivity Method (ANEM was proposed as a modification of the Normalized Emissivity Method (NEM algorithm by adjusting the initial emissivity guess using an estimation provided by the Vegetation Cover Method (VCM. In this work, both methods were applied to a set of five ASTER scenes over the area of Valencia, Spain, which were recalibrated and atmospherically corrected using local radiosoundings and ground measurements. These scenes were compared to the ASTER temperature and emissivity standard products (AST08 and AST05, respectively. The comparison to reference measurements showed a better agreement of ANEM LST in low spectral contrast surfaces, with biases of +0.4 K, +0.8 K for TES and +1.4 K for the AST08 product in a rice crop site. For sea surface temperature, bias was −0.1 K for ANEM, +0.3 K for TES and +1.3 K for the AST08 product. The larger differences of the AST08 product could be ascribed mainly to the atmospheric correction based on NCEP profiles in contrast to the local correction used in TES and ANEM and to a lesser extent the Maximum-Minimum Difference (MMD empirical relationship used by TES. In terms of emissivity, ANEM obtained biases up to ±0.007 (positive over vegetation and negative over water, while TES biases were up to −0.015. The AST05 product showed differences up to −0.050, although for high contrast

  13. New Wisdom to Defy an Old Enemy: Summary from a scientific symposium at the 4th Influenza Vaccines for the World (IVW) 2012 Congress, 11 October, Valencia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Gregory A; Fleming, Douglas M; Treanor, John J; Maraskovsky, Eugene; Luke, Thomas C; Ball, Emma M A; Poland, Caroline M

    2013-04-17

    Both seasonal and pandemic influenza cause considerable morbidity and mortality globally. In addition, the ongoing threat of new, unpredictable influenza pandemics from emerging variant strains cannot be underestimated. Recently bioCSL (previously known as CSL Biotherapies) sponsored a symposium 'New Wisdom to Defy an Old Enemy' at the 4th Influenza Vaccines for the World Congress in Valencia, Spain. This symposium brought together a renowned faculty of experts to discuss lessons from past experience, novel influenza vaccine developments, and new methods to increase vaccine acceptance and coverage. Specific topics reviewed and discussed included new vaccine development efforts focused on improving efficacy via alternative administration routes, dose modifications, improved adjuvants, and the use of master donor viruses. Improved safety was also discussed, particularly the new finding of an excess of febrile reactions isolated to children who received the 2010 Southern Hemisphere (SH) trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV). Significant work has been done to both identify the cause and minimize the risk of febrile reactions in children. Other novel prophylactic and therapeutic advances were discussed including immunotherapy. Standard IVIg and hIVIg have been used in ferret studies and human case reports with promising results. New adjuvants, such as ISCOMATRIX™ adjuvant, were noted to provide single-dose, prolonged protection with seasonal vaccine after lethal H5N1 virus challenge in a ferret model of human influenza disease. The data suggest that adjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccines may provide broader protection than unadjuvanted vaccines. The use of an antigen-formulated vaccine to induce broad protection between pandemics that could bridge the gap between pandemic declaration and the production of a homologous vaccine was also discussed. Finally, despite the availability of effective vaccines, most current efforts to increase influenza vaccine coverage

  14. Long-term impact of self-financed rotavirus vaccines on rotavirus-associated hospitalizations and costs in the Valencia Region, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orrico-Sanchez, Alejandro; López-Lacort, Mónica; Pérez-Vilar, Silvia; Díez-Domingo, Javier

    2017-04-11

    Rotavirus vaccines are available in Spain from 2007. They are recommended by the Spanish Pediatric Association, but not funded by the National Health System (NHS) and its coverage rate reached 40-50%. The hospitalization rate reduction of rotavirus caused gastroenteritis (RVAGE) directly attributable to vaccination remains unclear due to the large differences described in published studies, ranging from 14 to 44.5% in children vaccination coverage. These results could be partly explained by variability in hospitalization policies, different study designs and the timeframe of observation. In addition, the direct economic impact of the reduction of hospitalizations has never been estimated. Therefore, there is a need to analyze the long-term impact of rotavirus vaccines on RVAGE and all cause gastroenteritis (AGE) hospitalizations and the national health system associated costs, minimizing potential confounders or biases. A population-based, ecological study using the hospital discharge registry's Minimum Basic Data Set (MBDS) and the vaccine register (SIV) was performed, among Valencia Region's children vaccine coverage and adjusted by the total hospitalization rate for all causes to avoid external biases. The impact of AGE-associated health care utilization in prevaccine (2003-2006) versus postvaccine (2008-2014) years was also assessed. After vaccines licensure, the incidence of RVAGE-associated hospitalizations decreased markedly. A general vaccine coverage-related reduction in RVAGE or AGE-hospitalizations risk was observed in all age groups. Compared with unvaccinated children, RVAGE hospitalization risk decreased by 67% (95% CI: 55-67), 71% (95% CI: 58-81) and 68% (95% CI: 18-92) in children 0, 1 and 4 years of age, respectively, with a vaccination coverage between 40 and 42%. Overall, the hospital related costs were reduced around EUR 6 Mill per 105 children in 7 years. Despite the low-medium vaccine coverage, the introduction of rotavirus vaccines had a

  15. Constraints on temporal velocity variations associated with an underground gas storage in the Gulf of Valencia using earthquake and seismic ambient noise data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugalde, Arantza; Gaite, Beatriz; Villaseñor, Antonio

    2016-04-01

    During September 2013, the injection of the base gas in a depleted oil reservoir used as an underground natural gas storage (CASTOR) caused a sudden seismic activity increase in the eastern coast of Spain. As a result, a compact cluster of more than 550 earthquakes with magnitudes mbLg > 0.7 were located in the shallow offshore area of the Gulf of Valencia during two months. The strongest event, having a magnitude of Mw=4.2, was followed by two Mw=4.1 events the day after and took place once the gas injection activities had finished. Using the seismic data recorded by permanent stations at more than 25 km from the injection well, we applied coda wave interferometry to monitor changes in seismic velocity structure between similar earthquakes. Then we solved for a continuous function of velocity changes with time by combining observations from all the closely located earthquake sources. The rate of repeating events allowed measurements of relative velocity variations for about 30 days on a daily scale. To extend the analysis in time, we also processed the continuous data using the autocorrelation of band-pass filtered ambient seismic noise. A 10-day average was required to achieve a sufficient signal-to-noise ratio in the 0.2-0.5 Hz and 0.5-1 Hz frequency bands. We quantified the time lags between two traces in the frequency and time domains by means of the Moving Window Cross Spectral Analysis and a Dynamic Time Warping technique, respectively. Injection of fluids in geologic formations causes variations in seismic velocities associated to changes in fluid saturation, increase in pore pressure or opening or enlargement of cracks due to the injection process. Time delays associated with stress changes caused by moderate to large earthquakes have also been established. In this work, we found no velocity changes during the gas injection period nor on the occasion of the Mw 4.2 earthquake. The sensitivity of the method is dependent on the seismic network geometry and

  16. Towards a long-term dataset of ELBARA-II measurements assisting SMOS level-3 land product and algorithm validation at the Valencia Anchor Station

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Fernandez-Moran

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS mission was launched on 2nd November 2009 with the objective of providing global estimations of soil moisture and sea salinity. The main activity of the Valencia Anchor Station (VAS is currently to assist in a long-term validation of SMOS land products. This study focus on a level 3 SMOS data validation with in situ measurements carried out in the period 2010-2012 over the VAS. ELBARA-II radiometer is placed in the VAS area, observing a vineyard field considered as representative of a major proportion of an area of 50×50 km, enough to cover a SMOS footprint. Brightness temperatures (TB acquired by ELBARA-II have been compared to those observed by SMOS at the same dates and time. They were also used for the L-MEB model inversion to retrieve soil moisture (SM, which later on have been compared to those provided by SMOS as level 3 data. A good correlation between both TB datasets was found, improving year by year, mainly due to the decrease of precipitations in the analyzed period and the mitigation of radio frequency interferences at L-band. The larger homogeneity of the radiometer footprint as compared to SMOS explains the higher variability of its TB. Periods of more intense precipitation (spring and autumn also presented higher SM, which corroborates the consistency of SM retrieved from ELBARA-II’s observations. However, the results show that SMOS level 3 data underestimate SM as compared to ELBARA-II’s, probably due to the influence of the small soil fraction which is not cultivated in vineyards. SMOS estimations in descending orbit (6 pm had better quality (higher correlation, lower RMSE and bias than the ones in ascending orbit (6 am, when there is a higher soil moisture. Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso

  17. Evaluación de la exposición al monóxido de carbono en vendedores de quioscos. Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas Maritza

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar la intensidad de la exposición al monóxido de carbono (CO, los factores contribuyentes a esta exposición y sus potenciales efectos sobre la salud en vendedores de quioscos ubicados en una avenida de alta densidad de tránsito en Valencia, Venezuela. Métodos. Se midió la concentración de CO en el aire (CO-aire en 16 quioscos y se determinó la concentración sanguínea de carboxihemoglobina (COHb-S en los individuos que trabajaban en esos quioscos y en un grupo de control formado por docentes, estudiantes y obreros de la Universidad Simón Rodríguez, ubicada en una zona montañosa, apartada, sin contaminación ambiental aparente. Resultados. En el grupo expuesto no se encontró correlación entre las concentraciones de COHb-S y de CO-aire. La COHb-S media del grupo expuesto (2,9% fue significativamente superior a la del grupo de control (1,6% y a la concentración permisible según el método analítico empleado (< 1,5%. Todos los síntomas de frecuencia diaria afectaron a un mayor porcentaje de individuos del grupo expuesto que del grupo de control; entre los de frecuencia diaria, los más comunes en el grupo expuesto fueron la cefalea y la fatiga. En siete quioscos (43,7% se excedieron los límites permisibles de CO-aire. Conclusiones. Aunque la COHb-S media no parece alarmante, las exposiciones al CO registradas podrían tener un impacto adverso sobre la salud de estos trabajadores, especialmente si padecieran una alteración cardiovascular o por el resultado de la acción potenciadora con otros contaminantes ambientales. Se recomienda la realización de nuevos estudios con mediciones más frecuentes y prolongadas, para ejercer medidas de prevención y control de efectos adversos para la salud y estimar la calidad del aire.

  18. Evaluación de la exposición al monóxido de carbono en vendedores de quioscos. Valencia, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Rojas

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Estudiar la intensidad de la exposición al monóxido de carbono (CO, los factores contribuyentes a esta exposición y sus potenciales efectos sobre la salud en vendedores de quioscos ubicados en una avenida de alta densidad de tránsito en Valencia, Venezuela. Métodos. Se midió la concentración de CO en el aire (CO-aire en 16 quioscos y se determinó la concentración sanguínea de carboxihemoglobina (COHb-S en los individuos que trabajaban en esos quioscos y en un grupo de control formado por docentes, estudiantes y obreros de la Universidad Simón Rodríguez, ubicada en una zona montañosa, apartada, sin contaminación ambiental aparente. Resultados. En el grupo expuesto no se encontró correlación entre las concentraciones de COHb-S y de CO-aire. La COHb-S media del grupo expuesto (2,9% fue significativamente superior a la del grupo de control (1,6% y a la concentración permisible según el método analítico empleado (< 1,5%. Todos los síntomas de frecuencia diaria afectaron a un mayor porcentaje de individuos del grupo expuesto que del grupo de control; entre los de frecuencia diaria, los más comunes en el grupo expuesto fueron la cefalea y la fatiga. En siete quioscos (43,7% se excedieron los límites permisibles de CO-aire. Conclusiones. Aunque la COHb-S media no parece alarmante, las exposiciones al CO registradas podrían tener un impacto adverso sobre la salud de estos trabajadores, especialmente si padecieran una alteración cardiovascular o por el resultado de la acción potenciadora con otros contaminantes ambientales. Se recomienda la realización de nuevos estudios con mediciones más frecuentes y prolongadas, para ejercer medidas de prevención y control de efectos adversos para la salud y estimar la calidad del aire.

  19. CALIPSO Mission Status Update: Payload Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verhappen, Ron; Borchardt, Robert; MacDonnell, David; Cisewski, Mike

    2007-01-01

    The CALIPSO mission payload status update is presented. The contents include: 1) Wide Field Camera Overview; 2) WFC Temperatures; 3) WFC Voltages; 4) Imaging Infrared Radiometer (IIR) Health; 5) IIR Voltages; 6) Payload Control (PLC) Voltages; 7) PLC Temperatures; 8) Low Voltage Power Supply (LVPS) (CALOPS0025N); 9) PLC Radiation Effects; 10) SDS Status (CALOPS0020N); 11) CALIOP LIDAR; 12) Laser Energy Trends; 13) Laser Energy Zoom; 14) Laser Management Approach; 15) Green / Red Ratio; 16) Pedestal @ SHG Temperature Trends; 17) LOM Heater Duty Cycle Trends; 18) LOM Pressure Trends; 19) Boresight Trend; 20) 1064 Dark Noise Trend; 21) 532 SNR Trend; 22) Spike Trends; 23) LIDAR Highlights; 24) Backup Laser Status; and 25) Future Plans.

  20. Service Level Status

    CERN Multimedia

    Lopienski, S

    2007-01-01

    Nowadays, IT departments provide, and people use, computing services of an increasingly heterogeneous nature. There is thus a growing need for a status display that groups these different services and reports status and availability in a uniform way. The Service Level Status (SLS) system addresses these needs by providing a web-based display that dynamically shows availability, basic information and statistics about various IT services, as well as the dependencies between them.

  1. SIS - Status Determination

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Status Determination dataset within the Species Information System (SIS) contains information related to overfishing, overfished, and approaching overfished...

  2. Nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio na nutrição e no crescimento de mudas de laranjeiravalência, enxertadas sobre limoeiro cravo Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium levels on nutrition and production of seedlings of 'Valencia' sweet orange grafted on 'cravo' lemon rootstock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato de Mello Prado

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação telada na FCAV/Unesp campus Jaboticabal-SP, durante o período de novembro de 2005 a janeiro de 2007. Conduziu-se este estudo, com o objetivo de avaliar componentes do desenvolvimento e do estado nutricional de mudas de laranjeira Valência (Citrus sinensis Osbeck, enxertadas sobre limoeiro Cravo (Citrus limonia Osbeck, em função de doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 3³ + 1, sendo 3 fatores (nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio - NPK, 3 doses e uma testemunha (sem adubação, com 3 repetições. A unidade experimental foi representada por uma muda de laranjeira por sacola com 5 dm³ com 2,5 kg de substrato casca de Pinus spp. e vermiculita. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pela metade, uma vez e duas vezes a dose padrão recomendada, de 4.590; 920 e 4.380 mg sacola-1, de N, P e K, respectivamente. As adubações com N e K foram realizadas via fertirrigações três vezes por semana e o P foi adicionado ao substrato antes do replantio das mudas. Aos 424 dias após o transplantio, as plantas foram subdivididas em raízes e parte aérea para determinação da massa da matéria seca, altura, área foliar, diâmetro do caule e conteúdo de nutrientes. A adubação com N, P e K proporcionou maior desenvolvimento e maior acúmulo desses macronutrientes na parte aérea e nas raízes das mudas de laranjeira Valência, sobre limoeiro Cravo. Houve adequado desenvolvimento das plantas com a metade da dose recomendada de N, P e K pela literatura, aproximadamente de 918, 184 e 876 mg dm-3, respectivamente.The experiment was carried out in greenhouse at the FCAV/Unesp, Jaboticabal-SP during the period of November 2005 to January 2007. The objective of this study was to evaluate development components and nutritional status of seedlings of 'Valencia' (Citrus sinensis Osbeck sweet orange grafted on 'Cravo' lemon rootstock

  3. Enfermedad neumocócica invasiva en la población infantil de la Comunidad Valenciana Invasive pneumococcal disease in children in the community of Valencia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Goicoechea-Sáez

    2003-12-01

    .Objective: Pneumococcal disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. The recent authorization of the heptavalent conjugate vaccine has increased interest in this disease. The objective of this study was to identify the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of this disease, as well as its outcome in the pediatric population of the Autonomous Community of Valencia. Method: Data were obtained from the medical records of children aged less than 15 years who were positive for pneumococcus isolation on admission to hospital between 1996 and 2000. All the public hospitals of the Autonomous Community of Valencia were included. Changes in incidence were evaluated by comparing rates and outcomes (sequelae and lethality through frequency and age distribution. Results: One hundred twenty-seven cases were registered, giving a mean annual rate of 3.89/105 inhabitants aged less than 15 years. The rate was 20.14 in children aged less than 2 years. A total of 29.1% of the children had previous health problems. The main clinical manifestations included sepsis/bacteremia (38%, pneumonia (31% and meningitis (24%. At discharge sequelae were present in 10 children, 75% of whom were aged less than 2 years. Eight children died (6.3% lethality. Conclusions: In the period and region studied, pneumococcal infection was present mainly in children aged less than 2 years and in those with previous health problems. In the last few years, mortality has increased. Thus, inclusion of pneumococcal disease in the epidemiological surveillance system would be appropriate to achieve more precise estimations of its epidemiological patterns and to determine whether the conjugate vaccine represents a solution to the problems currently associated with this bacteria.

  4. Estrategias de subsistencia en los momentos finales del Pleistoceno medio: el nivel XII de la Cova del Bolomor (La Valldigna, Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth BLASCO

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La Cova del Bolomor, situada en Tavernes de la Valldigna (Valencia, ofrece uno de los mejores registros faunísticos de la segunda mitad del Pleistoceno medio de la Península Ibérica. La cavidad contiene un relleno sedimentario formado por diecisiete niveles estratigráficos que abarcan desde el OIS 9 al OIS 5e. Esta amplia secuencia cronológica permite abordar diferentes cuestiones relacionadas con los grupos humanos de este periodo y sus relaciones con el medio ambiente. Concretamente, a partir del estudio zooarqueológico del nivel XII (OIS 6, se ha reconstruido la secuencia antrópica de obtención y procesamiento de los recursos faunísticos. De este modo, se han identificado diferentes estrategias de subsistencia llevadas a cabo por los homínidos para la obtención de los animales. Estas técnicas van desde el carroñeo hasta la caza e incluyen el aprovisionamiento de pequeñas presas como las aves (Cygnus olor o los lepóridos (Oryctolagus cuniculus. Esta variabilidad de estrategias podría interpretarse como la gran capacidad de adaptación que poseen estos grupos humanos para aprovechar las oportunidades que el medio les ofrece. También se ha observado la existencia de patrones bien sistematizados tanto en el aprovechamiento de los recursos faunísticos externos (piel, carne, tendones como en la obtención de los recursos internos (médula. Muchos de los elementos diagnósticos que evidencian la fracturación antrópica en el nivel XII presentan cierta sistematización en zonas y partes anatómicas concretas. La existencia de morfologías repetidas en algunos elementos esqueléticos indica una cierta estandarización a la hora de fracturar los huesos. Esta reiteración podría implicar la existencia de mecanismos de aprendizaje o de transmisión de información intergrupal por parte de los grupos humanos del Pleistoceno medio final. En general, este estudio pretende aportar datos sobre las estrategias de subsistencia de

  5. Morocco: Country Status Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFerren, Margaret

    A survey of the status of language usage in Morocco begins with an overview of the distribution and usage of Arabic, the official language, the Berber dialects, and French, an unofficial second language. The continuing high status and widespread use of French despite arabization efforts is discussed. A matrix follows that rates these languages and…

  6. Status of APEmille

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartoloni, A.; Boucaud, P.; Cabibbo, N.; Calvayrac, F.; Della Morte, M.; De Pietri, R.; De Riso, P.; Di Carlo, F.; Di Renzo, F.; Errico, W.; Frezzotti, R.; Giorgino, T.; Heitger, J.; Lonardo, A.; Loukianov, M.; Magazzu, G.; Micheli, J.; Morenas, V.; Paschedag, N.; Pene, O.; Petronzio, R.; Pleiter, D.; Rapuano, F.; Rolf, J.; Rossetti, D.; Sartori, L.; Simma, H.; Schifano, F.; Torelli, M.; Tripiccione, R.; Vicini, P.; Wegner, P

    2002-03-01

    This paper presents the status of the APEmille project, which is essentially completed, as far as machine development and construction is concerned. Several large installations of APEmille are in use for physics production runs leading to many new results presented at this conference. This paper briefly summarizes the APEmille architecture, reviews the status of the installations and presents some performance figures for physics codes.

  7. Evolución de los principales diagnósticos al alta hospitalaria de la población penitenciaria de la provincia de Valencia, 2000-2009 Evolution of the main diagnoses of hospital discharges amongst the prison population in Valencia, 2000-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Abad-Pérez

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de nuestro trabajo ha sido cuantificar la demanda hospitalaria de origen penitenciario y caracterizar los principales diagnósticos como una medida de prevalencia y las patologías transmisibles y su evolución durante el periodo 2000-09. A partir del registro de altas del Consorcio Hospital General Universitario que atiende por convenio la demanda hospitalaria de los centros penitenciarios de Valencia provincia, se realizo un estudio transversal de las frecuencias de los diagnósticos y su distribución de acuerdo a las características personales. Se recuperaron 2.415 altas que tras la eliminación de inconsistencias aportaron 2.332 episodios de hospitalización. La edad media de los sujetos evolucionó desde 32,8 a 39,7 años. Los diagnósticos principales y secundarios agrupados (tabla 2 más frecuentes fueron: 1º. VIH (34,05%, 2º. Hepatitis C (14,67%, 3º. Dependencia Drogas (10,25%, 4º. Neumonías (8,58%, 5º. TBC (7,46%. A lo largo de la década se ha producido un cambio en el patrón infeccioso de la población penitenciaria que podemos considerar relacionado con: el envejecimiento relativo de la población reclusa, la sustitución de la vía intravenosa por otras vías no invasivas, el cambio relativo del origen nacional de los reclusos y los avances terapéuticos en el tratamiento de la infección por VIH.The aim of our study was to quantify the hospital demand originating from prisons and describe the main diagnoses as a measure of prevalence, as well as communicable diseases and their evolution during the period 2000-09. Using the discharge records of the University General Hospital under the terms of an agreement that meets the demand for hospitals from prisons in the province of Valencia, we carried out a cross-sectional study of the frequency distribution of diagnoses and their distribution according to personal characteristics. More than 2,415 discharges were recovered, which, after the removal of inconsistencies

  8. Valencia County E-911 Roads

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains a vector digital representation of all accessible roads in the county including interstate highways, State highways, county roads and some...

  9. Valencia County 2010 Census Blocks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  10. Valencia County 2010 Census Roads

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  11. Valencia County Current Area Landmark

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  12. Valencia County Current Point Landmarks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  13. Valencia County 2010 Census Tracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  14. Valencia County 2000 Census Tracts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — TIGER, TIGER/Line, and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the Bureau of the Census. The Redistricting Census 2000 TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected...

  15. Valencia County 2010 Census Edges

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census...

  16. DRIS norms for 'Valencia' sweet orange on three rootstocks Normas DRIS para laranjeira 'Valência' sobre três porta-enxertos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Assis Alves Mourão Filho

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS applies nutrient ratios instead of the isolated concentration values of each nutrient in interpretation of tissue analysis. The objectives of this research were to establish adequate DRIS norms for 'Valencia' sweet orange irrigated commercial groves budded on three rootstocks and correlate indexes of nutrition balance with yield. Experiments were conducted in São Paulo State, Brazil. Rootstocks Rangpur lime, Caipira sweet orange, and Poncirus trifoliata, with more than six years old and yield above 40 ton ha-1 were utilized. Data referred to yield, tree spacing, rootstock and foliar concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, and B in non fruiting terminals for each grove were processed for the years 1994 through 1998. DRIS indexes were calculated by Nick criterion for choosing the ratio order of the nutrients and Jones calculation method of the ratio functions. Indexes of nutritional balance calculated from DRIS norms presented high correlation with yield for the three scion/rootstock combinations. DRIS norms defined in this research are valid, since leaf sampling is done on non fruiting terminals and the grove is irrigated.O sistema integrado de diagnose e recomendação (DRIS - Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System utiliza relações entre nutrientes em vez da concentração absoluta e isolada de cada um deles na interpretação da análise de tecidos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estabelecer normas para o método DRIS em pomares comerciais irrigados de laranjeira 'Valência' sobre três porta-enxertos e correlacionar os índices de balanço nutricional com a produtividade. Os experimentos foram conduzidos no Estado de São Paulo, com os porta-enxertos limão 'Cravo', laranja 'Caipira' e Poncirus trifoliata, com mais de seis anos, e produtividade acima de 40 t ha-1. Dados de produtividade, espaçamento, porta-enxerto e teores foliares de N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Mn, Cu

  17. Qualidade de frutos de laranjeira Valência cultivada sob sistema tecnificado Quality of Valencia orange fruits cultivated under technified system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina K. Grizotto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se, neste estudo, o efeito de um pacote tecnológico implementado no pomar laranjeira Valência em comparação com o sistema convencional tendo-se por base a produção e a qualidade dos frutos colhidos. As tecnologias praticadas constam de adensamento, adubação na implantação e formação, tratamento fitossanitário, manejo de plantas invasoras, irrigação e poda de formação. Os resultados obtidos dos frutos da primeira colheita mostraram que o sistema tecnificado com irrigação (ST + I promoveu aumento significativo no rendimento de colheita, o qual foi maior em pomares com maior adensamento de 727 plantas ha-1 (espaçamento 5,5 x 2,5 m ou 667 plantas ha-1 (espaçamento 6,0 x 2,5 m. A irrigação em sistema tecnificado resultou em frutos com maior tamanho e, consequentemente, menor número de frutos para compor uma caixa padrão, menores teores de sólidos solúveis e acidez titulável. Não houve variação no rendimento em suco, independente do sistema de produção ou espaçamento utilizado. Conclui-se que, nesta primeira avaliação, a implementação de sistema tecnificado de manejo de pomar concomitante à irrigação (ST + I é interessante, uma vez que promove maior rendimento de colheita em comparação ao sistema convencional.The effect of a technological package implemented in a Valencia orange orchard was studied and compared with the conventional system, based on the production and quality of the fruits harvested. The technologies implemented included the densification, fertilization during implantation and training, phytosanitary treatment, weed management, irrigation and pruning. The results for the fruits from the first harvest showed that the Technified System and Irrigation (TS + I resulted in significant increase in crop yield. This increase was higher in orchards with a higher density of 727 plants ha-1 (5.5 x 2.5 m spacing or 667 plants ha-1 (6.0 x 2.5 m spacing. In general, irrigation concomitant with TS

  18. Soil and hydrology sciences need laboratory and field experiments in the classroom. An example from the SEDER (Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group) from the University of Valencia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdà, Artemi; González Pelayo, Óscar; García Orenes, Fuensanta; Jordán, Antonio; Pereira, Paulo; Novara, Agata; Úbeda, Xavier

    2015-04-01

    The use of experimental stations and long-term measurements in the field and in the laboratory contributed to large datasets and key information to understand the soil system and the hydrological cycle (Neal et al., 2011; García Orenes et al., 2012; López-Garrido et al., 2012; Kröpf et al., 2013; Nadal-Romero, 2013; Taguas et al., 2013; Zhao et al., 2013). However, teaching in high schools and colleagues require simple experiments to help the students to understand the soil and water resources and management. We show here the experiments and measurements we conduct within the teaching program of the Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group at the University of Valencia to help the students in the understanding of the soil and hydrologic processes. The expereriments and measurements developed are the following: (i) Water Drop Penetration Time (WDPT) to determine the soil water repellency; (ii) Leaves water retention capacity measured in the field; (iii) soil infiltration capacity measured with simple ring infiltrometers; (iv) measurement of the soil bulk density; and (v) measurement of the soil water content. Those experiments and measurements are applied to agriculture, rangeland and fire affected soils. Acknowledgements To the "Ministerio de Economía and Competitividad" of Spanish Government for finance the POSTFIRE project (CGL2013- 47862-C2-1-R). The research projects GL2008-02879/BTE, LEDDRA 243857 and PREVENTING AND REMEDIATING DEGRADATION OF SOILS IN EUROPE THROUGH LAND CARE (RECARE)FP7-ENV-2013- supported this research. References García-Orenes, F., Roldán, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., Campoy, M., Arcenegui, V., Caravaca, F. 2012 Soil structural stability and erosion rates influenced by agricultural management practices in a semi-arid Mediterranean agro-ecosystem. Soil Use and Management 28(4): 571-579. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00451.x Kröpfl, A. I., Cecchi, G. A., Villasuso, N. M., Distel, R. A. 2013. Degradation and recovery processes

  19. A GIS-based model for the hydrological and hydraulic reconstruction of historical flash-floods in urban areas. The case of the river Turia in Valencia (1957)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portugués Mollá, Iván; Felici, Xavier Bonache i.; Mateu Bellés, Joan F.; Segura, Juan B. Marco

    2015-04-01

    Flash-floods are recurrent events in the Mediterranean arch, mostly derived from cold air pool phenomena triggering hydro-geomorphic high-intensity processes, combining high discharge and low frequency. In urban environments the complexity of the processes become higher due to the existence of very fast-response basins and quick-response runoff. However, immediate activities of cleaning up and restoration delete the urban marks. After a short time both significance and dimension of the hydro-geomorphic event become completely unrecognizable. Nevertheless, these episodes generate extensive administrative documentation which is testimony of the processes in almost real time. Exploiting this source typology in order to reconstruct events far in time within urban areas, which may lack database sufficiently rich, is necessary to understand the hydrological and hydraulic derived processes. This is particularly the case of the Valencia flash-flood (1957), located in the lower Turia River basin (6.400 km2). Within a short interval (15 hours) there were registered two flood peaks (estimated at that time at 2.500 and 3.700 m3/s). The double overflowing inundated a large proportion of the urban area. The flash-flood activated fast processes with high energy that left numerous hydro-geomorphic marks. Although those tracks were deleted in a short while after the flood, it remains a legacy that had not yet been exploited, consisting of immediate aerial and oblique high resolution photography, pictures at street level, water level record and administrative records, such as claim files for compensation. Paradoxically, despite the event is considered as a milestone on metropolitan territorial planning and it was decided to divert the river Turia definitely through a major project (12 km of channeling, known as South Solution), being the scenario notably altered, the analysis of the hydrological and hydraulic process has never been reviewed. Undoubtedly, a modern study would ensure

  20. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Outcomes of prematurity”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Outcomes of prematurity”ABS 1. CHILDHOOD NEURODEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS WITH POSTLIGATION CARDIAC SYNDROME AFTER DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS CLOSURE: 5-YEAR FOLLOW-UP • M.C. Bravo, M. Ybarra, R. Madero, A. PellicerABS 2. PARENT CARE TAGS: ENGAGING PARENTS IN CARE ON THE NEONATAL UNIT • R. Homer, L. RattenburyABS 3. STRESS BIOMARKERS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AS PREMATURITY PREDICTORS IN THREATENED PRETERM LABOR • A.C. García-Blanco, M. Vento, P. Sáenz, V. Diago, C. Cháfer-PericásABS 4. PREDICTION OF WEEK OF CHILDBIRTH FOR WOMEN WITH THREATENED PRETERM LABOR • C. Cháfer-Pericás, M. Vento1, V. Diago, V. Serrano-De la Cruz, D. Hervás, A. García-BlancoABS 5. DELIVERY ROOM CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR AT THE LIMIT OF VIABILITY • S. Zeballos Sarrato, S. Villar, I. Pescador, M. Carrón, A. Rodriguez, M. Sánchez LunaABS 6. QUALITY OF LIFE IN PREMATURE BABIES FROM MOTHER’S PERSPECTIVE • A. Bivoleanu, A. Avasiloaiei, M. StamatinABS 7. PERINATAL MANAGEMENT AND MORTALITY RATES AT THE LIMIT OF VIABILITY • S. Zeballos Sarrato, E. Sanz, I. Pescador, S. Villar, N. Navarro, M. Sánchez LunaABS 8. OUTCOMES OF LATE PRETERM NEWBORNS • D. Stoniene, J. Ribeliene, S. Malik, J. Tomkeviciute, R. TamelieneABS 9. MAGNESIUM SULPHATE, ANTENATAL STEROIDS, CORD CLAMPING, THERMOREGULATION (MASCOT • A. Ansary, D. AnandABS 10. FOLLOW-UP AT AGE 8 YEARS OF A POST-DISCHARGE NUTRITION RCT IN PRETERM INFANTS • C.A. Ruys, H.N. LafeberABS 11. NEONATAL OUTCOMES OF PRETERM BABIES (23-32 WEEKS GESTATION CLASSIFIED BY THE UNDERLYING AETIOLOGIES: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY IN A SPECIALISED NEONATAL UNIT • F. Jaffar, S. Sankaran, S. Tan, A. ShennanABS 12. ARE THERE PREDICTIVE PARAMETERS FOR THE OCCURRENCE OF RETINOPATHY OF PREMATURITY – ROP? • V. Filip, C. LazarABS 13. POSTNATAL GROWTH OF PRETERM CHILDREN

  1. Adolescent Weight Status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort Kjelldgaard, Heidi; Holstein, Bjørn Evald; Due, Pernille

    2017-01-01

    -aged Children study 2010. The study population (n = 4,922) included students in the fifth, seventh, and ninth grade from a representative sample of Danish schools. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to study the associations between weight status and social relations, supported by a conceptual...... framework for the study of social relations. RESULTS: Among girls, overweight/obese weight status was associated with spending less time with friends after school compared to normal-weight status (0 days/week: odds ratio: 6.25, 95% confidence interval: 2.18-17.95, 1 day/week: 2.81, 1.02-7.77, 2 days/week: 3...

  2. Estudio del estado de la señalética en la Biblioteca Pública de Valencia y propuesta de una nueva metodología de estudio de servicios

    OpenAIRE

    Barberá Montesinos, María Consuelo

    2013-01-01

    Partiendo de un proyecto llevado a cabo en la Biblioteca Pública de Valencia en donde se hizo un análisis de servicios y de infraestructuras de la biblioteca se detectó que uno de los puntos débiles era la señalización y la información de los servicios prestados. Con nuestro proyecto pretendemos ahondar en esos puntos débiles para mejorar esas deficiencias ayudándonos de la señalética y señalización, así como, de la ingeniería emocional. Con nuestro proyecto pretendemos, en primer lugar, ayu...

  3. Obtención de almidón fermentado a partir de yuca (Manihot esculenta crantz variedad valencia, factibilidad de uso en productos de panadería

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Vargas Aguilar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Se realizaron pruebas de fermentación de almidón de yuca (Manihot esculenta variedad Valencia para conocer el proceso de elaboración  del almidón agrio.Se efectuaron tres repeticiones  durante el proceso fermentativo duró aproximadamente treinta y cinco días.Se hicieron determinaciones de pH y recuentos microbiológicos de la flora mesófila aerobia y de lactobacilos para asegurar el proceso. Una vez transcurrido este período, se procedió a secar el producto obtenido mediante exposición directa a la luz solar por 8 horas.Para asegurar la calidad del producto se hizo una prueba de panificación para ver el efecto del almidón en la textura del pan.

  4. Estudio y análisis de los métodos de iniciación a la viola más utilizados por el profesorado de las enseñanzas elementales de la provincia de Valencia

    OpenAIRE

    Botella Nicolás, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    El presente artículo estudia los métodos de iniciación a la viola más utilizados entre el profesorado de las Enseñanzas Elementales de la provincia de Valencia. Participan en el estudio 26 profesores de 21 conservatorios públicos. El instrumento de recogida de la información ha sido el cuestionario diseñado según criterios basados en la sencillez, precisión y concreción de los 32 ítems que lo componen y la discreción y preservación del anonimato en el manejo de la información recabada. La met...

  5. Las funciones contables del Racional de Valencia según los Capitols del quitament de 1669. Estudio de la última década de su oficio (1697-1707

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Mayordomo García-Chicote

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza la institución del Racional de Valencia en la última década de este oficio, coincidiendo con el momento en que la normativa municipal le confirmaba las importantes competencias tradicionalmente ostentadas desde la creación del cargo en el siglo XIV; bien como componente de la comisión que dirigía la política local, o bien a título particular, disponiendo de amplias facultades en ambos casos para intervenir y auditar las cuentas de la ciudad y de su Banco, así como participar en el proceso de absolución de los responsables de dichas cuentas, auxiliado por un equipo de expertos contables y legales.

  6. Televisión e Internet: ¿Efecto substitución? Comparativa entre los usos y hábitos por parte de los y las adolescentes de institutos de Valencia y Cusco

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández-Planells, Ariadna

    2011-01-01

    Este proyecto propone el estudio del efecto substitución de un medio tradicional, la televisión, por un new media, Internet, en el público adolescente de la ciudad de Valencia y Cusco. También analiza los hábitos de uso y consumo de televisión e Internet de los y las adolescentes de ambas ciudades. Para ello, se realiza una revisión de la bibliografía existente sobre la modificación de prácticas comunicativas en ambos países en el público adolescente y se propone el diseño metodológico para l...

  7. La cúpula de la iglesia cartujana de Ara Christi (El Puig, Valencia. Génesis, evolución y artífices de su construcción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrer Orts, Albert

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The author offers a detailed account of the construction of the cupola of the Carthusian monastery of Ara Cristi in El Puig (Valencia from its conception in the sixteenth century through the various restorations it underwent in the seventeenth, and includes specific information on the artisans responsible for the distinct stages of construction.

    Se ofrece un pormenorizado relato de la construcción de la cúpula de la cartuja de Ara Christi, desde su concepción hasta las diversas reparaciones de las que fue objeto en el siglo xvii y se especifican los artífices de las diversas fases de su construcción.

  8. STATUS GIZI DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SUKU BADUY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal Anwar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} The objectives of the study were: (1 To analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2 To analyze the health status and nutritional status of Baduy people and its influential factors. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. In Outer Baduy, the factors significantly related to nutritional status are age, number of household size, income, nutritional knowledge, and wife’s ability to read. In Moslem Baduy, only age and income are related to the nutritional status of children. In Moslem Baduy and the Outer Baduy, the correlation between age and W/A or W/H is similar: namely, the higher the age, the lower would the Z-score for the W/A or W/H. The income is significantly correlated to the child nutritional status according to Z-score for W/A with a high correlation coefficient, that is, 0.61. This means that the higher the income, the higher would be the Z-score value for the W/A.  The distribution of adults according to BMI classification in Outer Baduy it shows that 12.7% husbands and 17.6% wives are thin (wasted, while the

  9. EXPANSIóN Y CRECIMIENTO DE LAS COOPERATIVAS DE CRéDITO DURANTE EL PERIODO 1993-2007 EN LA COMUNIDAD VALENCIANA/EXPANSION AND GROWTH OF THE CREDIT COOPERATIVES BETWEEN 1993 AND 2007 IN THE COMMUNITY OF VALENCIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo MELIÁN NAVARRO

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available La Comunidad Valenciana es junto con Andalucía y el País Vasco, las Comunidades Autónomas donde más imbricadas se hallan las cooperativas de crédito; estas se han vinculado al sector agrario vía cajas rurales en las dos primeras, y al sector industrial, vía cajas populares, en la tercera. En este trabajo se analiza la evolución en los últimos quince años, período 1993-2007, del crédito cooperativo en la Comunidad Valenciana, materializado en el estudio de las cajas rurales con sede social en la misma. En él destacamos la experiencia de concentración de algunas entidades, así como la reciente creación de otras a partir de secciones de crédito de cooperativas agrarias. El estudio se efectúa con base en el análisis del balance y otros indicadores de gestión./The Community of Valencia, together with Andalusia and the Basque Country, are the autonomous communities where credit cooperatives are more involved; these have been linked to the agricultural sector through rural savings banks in the first two, and the industrial sector, via popular savings banks in the third case. This paper analyses the evolution over the past fifteen years, 1993-2007 of the credit cooperatives in Valencia, focusing in the study of the rural savings banks that have their headquarters there. We highlight the experience of concentration of some entities, as well as the recent establishment of others arising from credit sections of agricultural cooperatives. The study is based on an analysis of the balance sheet and other management indicators.

  10. Análisis bibliométrico de la producción científica de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia 1973-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alonso Arroyo, Adolfo

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the scope of Polytechnic University of Valencia through the analysis of its scientific output since 1973 until 2001 based on the journal articles and conference papers available in the most relevant national and international databases. We analyze its productivity and time layout, according to the kind of document and language, as well as the scientific output by authors and departments, showing those most outstanding regarding productivity. On the other hand, we have researched the distribution and layout of scientific literature, pointing out the most used journals. The results show as the most relevant aspects a wide range of themes covered, the constant annual increase of scientific productivity, as well as a wide use of international journals with impact.

    Se presenta la proyección de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia mediante el análisis de su producción científica desde 1973 hasta 2001 inclusive, a partir de los artículos de revista y las comunicaciones a congresos disponibles en las principales bases de datos nacionales e internacionales. Se ha analizado la productividad y distribución temporal, por tipo de documento y por idioma, así como la producción científica por autores y por departamentos, identificando los más productivos. Por otro lado, se ha estudiado la distribución y evolución de la literatura científica, indicando aquellas revistas más utilizadas. Los resultados indican, como aspectos más relevantes, una amplia gama de áreas temáticas cubiertas, el incremento anual constante de la productividad científica, así como una amplia presencia en las revistas con factor impacto.

  11. Abundancia y distribución de la liebre ibérica (Lepus granatensis Rosenhauer, 1856 en el Parque Natural de la Sierra de Mariola (Alicante-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belda, A.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abundance and distribution of the Iberian hare (Lepus granatensis Rosenhauer, 1856 in the Sierra de Mariola Natural Park (Alicante-Valencia The Iberian hare (Lepus granatensis Rosenhauer, 1856 is a species of great value in Spanish Mediterranean ecosystems for several reasons, such as its interest to hunters, its contribution to soil fertility and plant diversity, and its role as prey. However, factors such as fragmentation, degradation and loss of habitat and diseases, predation and high pressure hunting are having a detrimental effect on the conservation of the species. It is therefore of interest to determine the abundance and distribution of the Iberian hare in areas of the peninsula where there are insufficient data to establish guidelines for conservation and sustainable management of hare populations in the peninsula. Our goal was to assess the abundance and distribution of the Iberian hare in the most widely used areas of a mountainous Mediterranean landscape in the Iberian peninsular (Mariola Mountain Park, located between the provinces of Alicante and Valencia. Data obtained from studies conducted in transects from 2008 to 2010 showed that intra-annual abundance was highest in spring (KIA half of 0.26 hares/km and lowest in winter (average 0.075 KIA hares/km. As to their preferences in relation to land use, abundance was highest in the matrix of dry groves (KIA half of 0.33 hares/km and irrigated groves (average 0.2 KIA hares/km. The matrix of natural vegetation and agricultural abandonment had low numbers of hares, with values of 0.083 and 0.033 hares/km, respectively.

  12. NAIP Status Maps Gallery

    Data.gov (United States)

    Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture — NAIP Status Maps Gallery. These maps illustrate what aerial imagery collection is planned, whats been collected, when it is available and how it is available. These...

  13. Micronutrient status in phenylketonuria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Robert, M.; Rocha, J. C.; van Rijn, M.; Ahring, K.; Belanger-Quintana, A.; MacDonald, A.; Dokoupil, K.; Ozel, H. Gokmen; Lammardo, A. M.; Goyens, P.; Feillet, F.

    2013-01-01

    Patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) encompass an 'at risk' group for micronutrient imbalances. Optimal nutrient status is challenging particularly when a substantial proportion of nutrient intake is from non-natural sources. In PKU patients following dietary treatment supplementation with

  14. PRESENT STATUS IN INDIA

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. PRESENT STATUS IN INDIA. FIXED LINES – 36 MILLION. MOBILE CONNECTIONS – 14 MILLION. TELEDENSITY APPROXIMATELY 5. INTERNET CONNECTIONS – 5 MILLION. INTERNET USERS NEARLY – 25 MILLION.

  15. Deadline Compliance Status Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — These monthly Deadline Compliance Status Reports assist Participating Jurisdictions and HUD Field Offices in monitoring compliance with the 2-year commitment and...

  16. COMPASS Status Report 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Bressan, A

    2012-01-01

    The report reviews the activities and the achievements of the Collaboration during the last year. Covered items are the results and ongoing analysis for the data collected in the previous years, the production status for the last year run and the preparation and start-up of the 2012 run. Hardware topics such as the status of the superconducting target magnet after the failures in 2011 and ECAL0 and CAMERA construction for the 2012 DVCS run are also covered.

  17. Safety system status monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, J.R.; Morgenstern, M.H.; Rideout, T.H.; Cowley, P.J.

    1984-03-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory has studied the safety aspects of monitoring the preoperational status of safety systems in nuclear power plants. The goals of the study were to assess for the NRC the effectiveness of current monitoring systems and procedures, to develop near-term guidelines for reducing human errors associated with monitoring safety system status, and to recommend a regulatory position on this issue. A review of safety system status monitoring practices indicated that current systems and procedures do not adequately aid control room operators in monitoring safety system status. This is true even of some systems and procedures installed to meet existing regulatory guidelines (Regulatory Guide 1.47). In consequence, this report suggests acceptance criteria for meeting the functional requirements of an adequate system for monitoring safety system status. Also suggested are near-term guidelines that could reduce the likelihood of human errors in specific, high-priority status monitoring tasks. It is recommended that (1) Regulatory Guide 1.47 be revised to address these acceptance criteria, and (2) the revised Regulatory Guide 1.47 be applied to all plants, including those built since the issuance of the original Regulatory Guide.

  18. Status-Based Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Destin, Mesmin; Rheinschmidt-Same, Michelle; Richeson, Jennifer A

    2017-03-01

    Psychological research on socioeconomic status (SES) has grown significantly over the past decade. In this article, we build upon and integrate existing approaches to direct greater attention toward investigating the subjective meaning and value that people attach to understanding their own SES as an identity. We use the term status-based identity to organize relevant research and examine how people understand and make meaning of their SES from moment to moment in real time. Drawing from multiple areas of research on identity, we suggest that even temporary shifts in how people construe their status-based identities predict changes in thought, affect, motivation, and behavior. This novel focus is positioned to examine the psychological effects of status transitions (e.g., upward or downward mobility). Further, in initial empirical work, we introduce a new measure to assess uncertainty regarding one's SES (i.e., status-based identity uncertainty) and offer evidence that greater uncertainty regarding one's status-based identity is associated with lower individual well-being. In sum, we argue that insight from the literature on identity will both expand and serve to organize the burgeoning literature on the psychology of SES and, in so doing, reveal promising new directions for research.

  19. Refractory status epilepticus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay P Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Refractory status epilepticus is a potentially life-threatening medical emergency. It requires early diagnosis and treatment. There is a lack of consensus upon its semantic definition of whether it is status epilepticus that continues despite treatment with benzodiazepine and one antiepileptic medication (AED, i.e., Lorazepam + phenytoin. Others regard refractory status epilepticus as failure of benzodiazepine and 2 antiepileptic medications, i.e., Lorazepam + phenytoin + phenobarb. Up to 30% patients in SE fail to respond to two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs and 15% continue to have seizure activity despite use of three drugs. Mechanisms that have made the treatment even more challenging are GABA-R that is internalized during status epilepticus and upregulation of multidrug transporter proteins. All patients of refractory status epilepticus require continuous EEG monitoring. There are three main agents used in the treatment of RSE. These include pentobarbital or thiopental, midazolam and propofol. RSE was shown to result in mortality in 35% cases, 39.13% of patients were left with severe neurological deficits, while another 13% had mild neurological deficits.

  20. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Heart and development”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Heart and development”ABS 1. MANAGEMENT OF PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS IN TWO TERTIARY NEONATAL UNITS • D. Panjwani, J. Kapur, V Rasiah, K. GurgusamyABS 2. NT-PROBNP LEVELS AT 48-96 HOURS OF LIFE CAN PREDICT THE NEED FOR TREATMENT OF A HEMODYNAMICALLY SIGNIFICANT PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS IN VERY LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT INFANTS • S. Rodriguez-Blanco, I. Oulego-Erroz, S. Gautreaux-Minaya, M. Couce-PicoABS 3. THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN NIRS AND DOPPLER ULTRASONOGRAPHY IN PRETERM INFANTS • D. Arman, S. Sancak, T. Gursoy, S. Topcuoglu, G. Karatekin, F. OvaliABS 4. CARDIOVASCULAR RISK: SCHEDULED OR NOT? • B. Riaño, M. Ruiz, MY. Ruiz, P. Ventura, MP. SamperABS 5. POSTNATAL OUTCOME OF FETAL TACHYARRHYTHMIAS: 7-YEAR TERTIARY NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT EXPERIENCE • P. Mikrou, M. Borooah, S.V. RasiahABS 6. POSTNATAL SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA: 7-YEAR EXPERIENCE IN A TERTIARY NEONATAL INTENSIVE UNIT • P. Mikrou, M. Borooah, S.V. RasiahABS 7. LOWER HYDRATION IN NEONATES WITH CONGENITAL HEART DEFECT DOES NOT CAUSE THE INCREASE IN PLASMA COPEPTIN CONCENTRATION – PRELIMINARY DATA • A. Suchojad, A. Tarko, S. Simonova, J. Kordyś, I. Maruniak-ChudeABS 8. CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE IN NEWBORNS: SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS • B. Miljkovic, M. Jonovic, N. Stojanovic, G. JovanovicABS 9. DIAGNOSIS OF CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS IN A TERTIARY HOSPITAL (2010-2016 • G. Sierra, I. Naberan, N. Lecumberri, S. Torrus, N. Jordá, I. GilABS 10. CORRELATION OF FRACTIONAL SHORTENING, EJECTION FRACTION AND BLOOD PRESSURE IN PREMATURE INFANTS • N. Lee, S. Yun, S. Chae, I. LimABS 11. A WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY FOR PDA TREATMENT • P. Priego, I. Tofe, MD. Cañete, M. ParragaABS 12. PARACETAMOL AS A POSSIBLE TREATMENT OF CHOICE FOR PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS • S. Rodriguez-Blanco, R. Galvez-Criado, I. Oulego-Erroz, A. Perez-MuñuzuriABS 13. PARACETAMOL FOR DUCTAL CLOSURE

  1. Efeito da carga pendente na qualidade de frutos de laranjeira 'Valência' Effect of crop loading on quality of 'Valencia' orange fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Franco Duarte

    2011-09-01

    fruit development. Although it reduced the fruit weight, the difference in crop load observed in 'Valencia' orange had no influence on fruit quality when considered the citrus industry as fruit destination.

  2. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Gut, gastroenterology and nutrition”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Gut, gastroenterology and nutrition”ABS 1. MATERNAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH EARLY POSTNATAL WEIGHT LOSS IN EXCLUSIVELY BREASTFED NEONATES • C.J. Lee, T.H. Liu, J.Y. Liou, Y.C. Chen, P.N. TsaoABS 2. USE OF INSULIN ON PRETERM NEONATES: A GOOD IDEA? • D. Panjwani, G. HoldenABS 3. RISK FACTORS OF DELAYED ONSET OF LACTATION ASSOCIATED NEONATAL TO HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA • C. Kuok, T. Liu, J. Liou, Y. Chen, P. TsaoABS 4. NUTRITIONAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICE AND POSTNATAL GROWTH OF PRETERM INFANTS • S. Heljic, S. Terzic, H. Maksic, A. HalilovicABS 5. BREAST MILK EXPRESSION AT THE NICU: EXPERIENCES OF MOTHERS EXPRESSING AT THEIR PRETERM INFANT’S BEDSIDE OR IN A BREAST MILK EXPRESSION ROOM • M. Héon, L. Bell, R. Flacking, C. CatelinABS 6. RELIABILITY OF THE OM-6050 OSMOMETER STATION TO ANALYSE THE OSMOLARITY OF FORTIFIED BREAST MILK • A. Herranz Barbero, N. Rico Santana, J. Figueras Aloy, F. Botet Mussons, M.D. Salvia RoigésABS 7. MICROBIOTA OF TERM INFANTS DELIVERED VAGINALLY VS. CESAREAN SECTION – INFLUENCE OF HOME ENVIRONMENT • A. Bartnicka, M. Gałęcka, J. MazelaABS 8. FACTORS INFLUENCING BREASTFEEDING OF PREMATURE NEWBORNS • N. Skorobogatova, D. Stoniene, J. Ribeliene, E. Meškelevičiūtė, R. Penkauskaitė, R. TamelieneABS 9. RISK FACTORS REGARDING SUCCESSFUL EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING • M. Miñambres Rodríguez, L.C. Bermúdez Barrezueta, A. Pino Vázquez, M.C. Fernández García-Abril, M. Palomares Cardador, V. MatíasABS 10. THE INFLUENCE OF MOTHER’S ATTITUDE AND MEDICAL STAFF’S ACTIONS ON THE RATES OF BREASTFEEDING OF PRETERM INFANTS • J. Ribeliene, D. Stoniene, N. Skorobogatova, E. Meškelevičiūtė, R. Penkauskaitė, R. TamelieneABS 11. DONOR HUMAN MILK OFFERS PROTECTION AGAINST LIPID OXIDATIVE STRESS IN PRETERM INFANTS < 32 WEEKS OF GESTATIONAL AGE • J. Kuligowski, A. Parra-Llorca, Á. Sánchez-Illana, M

  3. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Infections and inflammation”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Infections and inflammation”ABS 1. ARE ANTIBIOTICS A RISK FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS? • A. Raba, A. O’Sullivan, J. MiletinABS 2. CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OUTCOME OF NEONATAL URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS • A. Hadzimuratovic, E. Hadzimuratovic, A. Dzananovic, I. Pasic SeficABS 3. FREQUENCY OF LATE-ONSET INFECTIONS DURING PRIMARY HOSPITALIZATION: DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SMALL-FOR-GESTATIONAL-AGE AND APPROPRIATE-FOR-GESTATIONAL-AGE PRETERM INFANTS • A. MaticABS 4. DIABETIC PREGNANCY ACTIVATES INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE THROUGH TLR5 OR TLR1/2 ON CORD BLOOD-DERIVED MONOCYTES • D. Tokuhara, S. Yanai, D. Tachibana, M. Saito, Y. Cho, M. Koyama, H. ShintakuABS 5. CONGENITAL CYTOMEGALOVIRUS INFECTION: A CLINICAL STUDY • S. Stefanovic, V. Stefanovic, V. StefanovicABS 6. DIAGNOSTIC BIOMARKERS IN EARLY NEONATAL SEPSIS: TLR-2 AND TLR-4 VERSUS CONVENTIONAL MARKERS • G. Zaharie, L. Blaga, M. Hasmasanu, S. Bolboaca, M. MatyasABS 7. URINARY KIDNEY INJURY MARKERS IN NEONATES WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND PNEUMONIA • A. Tarko, A. Suchojad, A. Brzozowska, M. Michalec, I. Maruniak-ChudekABS 8. EARLY DETECTION OF NEONATAL INFECTION AT BIRTH IN PREMATURE INFANTS BY CLINICAL AND LABORATORY MARKERS • A. Masseva, N. Jekova, E. Shopova, B. MarinovABS 9. PERSISTENT METABOLIC ACIDOSIS AND METHEMOGLOBINEMIA IN COW’S MILK PROTEIN-INDUCED ENTEROCOLITIS • M. Miñambres Rodríguez, C. Alonso Vicente, M. Pino, A. Pino Vázquez, J.M. Marugán de Miguelsanz, I. Sanz FernándezABS 10. INTERLEUKIN 17A IN BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE FLUID: AN EARLY MARKER OF VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA (VAP IN PRETERM INFANTS • M. Cernada, J. Escobar, J. Kuligowski, A. Núñez, E. Cubells, A. Parra, M. VentoABS 11. VERY LOW WEIGHT PRETERM TWINS DIAGNOSED WITH LATE-ONSET SEPSIS SHOW CHANGES IN GUT MICROBIOTA PROFILES AND MUCOSAL

  4. Mordedura de Serpiente en Niños en el Hospital Universitario Ramón González Valencia (1983-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo González V.

    1994-09-01

    medicine section of the Ramón González Valencia Universitary Hospital in Bucaramanga (Colombia from 1983 – 1993.40 children with diagnosis of snake bite were selected. Resulte: The major frecuency was found in the school age with a little male predominance. 95% of children carne from the rural area. The most snake genus was Bothrops (85%, we had just one case for Micrurus and the rest of them were not identified. 91%of the snake hites were in feet and legs distal thirC:. 65% of people assist for medical attention in the first 24 hours. Every patient had eye-teeth marks, and localized oedema and pain in the bite; most common haemorrhagic manifestations were ecchymosis (80% and gingival bleeding. 69% of cases were Grade II and lII. 33% of them had complicationsj the most common one was Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation. We found.prolongued PT and PTT in 85% and 63% of cases respectively. BC was not specific. 97.5% of our children received especific antivenin for treatment, 28% transfusions and 100% antibiotic and antitetanic prophylaxis.

    Hospitalization average days were 5. Three of our patients (7.5% had sorne sequel andjust one died.
    In conclussion there not be a good education in the community on risk about appropiatte use of shoes,
    first aid, avoidiry empire treatments that to yatrogene and inmediately a consultation to the nearest clinical center should be done. The medical and paramedical personnel should be prepared about attention of patients with snake bite. It was included a protocol for the management, easy to apply in our health centers.

  5. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Neonatology and NICU clinical care and practices”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Neonatology and NICU clinical care and practices”ABS 1. BILATERAL CLAVICLE FRACTURE: A RARE CAUSE OF PERSISTENT CRYING • P. Cruz, P. Mendes, M. Anselmo, L. GonçalvesABS 2. NEONATAL TRANSPORT DURATION AND SHORT-TERM OUTCOME IN VERY-LOW-GESTATIONAL-AGE NEONATES • A. Matic, M. Gavrilovic LatinovicABS 3. PEMPHIGOID GESTATIONIS – A RARE CASE IN TWIN PREGNANCY • L. Gonçalves, E. Scortenschi, P. Cruz, P. Mendes, M. AnselmoABS 4. DEVELOPMENT OF A CLINICIAN-REPORTED OUTCOME (ClinRO MEASURE TO ASSESS READINESS FOR DISCHARGE FROM NEONATAL CARE AMONG EXTREMELY PRETERM INFANTS • M. Turner, R. Ward, J. Higginson, I. Hansen-Pupp, M. Vanya, E. Flood, G. Quiggle, A. Tocoian, A. Mangili, N. Barton, S. SardaABS 5. THE EFFECT OF THYROID HORMONES ON NICU ADMISSION DUE TO TRANSIENT TACHYPNEA OF NEWBORN IN LATE PRETERM AND TERM INFANTS • T. Gursoy, S. Ercin, P. Kayiran, B. GurakanABS 6. IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF PROLONGED JAUNDICE WORK-UPS IN THE OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT IN A TERTIARY NEONATAL CENTRE • C.M. Moore, J. O’Loughlin, B.C. HayesABS 7. SAVE THE DATE? CORRECT RECORDING OF DAY OF LIFE AND CORRECTED GESTATIONAL AGE IN NICU • C.M. Moore, A.F. El-KhuffashABS 8. PARENTS IN NICU: THE IMPORTANCE OF INTEGRATION BETWEEN THE CURE AND THE CARE • G. De Bernardo, M. Svelto, M. Giordano, D. SordinoABS 9. THE PREVALENCE OF HEREDITARY HEARING LOSS IN 41,152 NEWBORNS DURING THE PERIOD 2011-2015 • S.T. Hsu, C.C. Hung, Y.N. Su, C.Y. Chen, H.C. Chou, W.S. Hsieh, C.C. Wu, P.N. TsaoABS 10. DEFICIENCY OF MULTIPLE acyl-CoA DEHYDROGENASE OR GLUTARIC ACIDURIA TYPE II • M. Torres, L. Geronès, J. Herrero, M.C. Cèspedes, F. Camba, J.A. Arranz, M. del Toro, F. CastilloABS 11. TEN YEARS OF EXPERIENCE IN CARRIER SCREENING FOR SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHY IN TAIWAN • C.Y. Chuang, C.C. Hung, Y.N. Su, P.N. TsaoABS 12. REDUCING MEDICATION ERRORS ON THE

  6. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Lung and development”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Lung and development”ABS 1. AN OPEN LABEL, DOSE-ESCALATION STUDY OF LUCINACTANT FOR INHALATION DELIVERED VIA NASAL CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE (nCPAP FOR TREATING RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME (RDS IN PRETERM NEONATES • J. Mazela, N.N. Finer, S.G. Simonson, PM. Shore, P. Simmons, R. SegalABS 2. PRETERM DELIVERY: PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF RESPIRATORY DISEASES IN THE HOSPITAL OF PERUGIA • L. Fatigoni, L. Minelli, M. ChiavariniABS 3. EFFECTS OF HIGH INSUFFLATION PRESSURE ON THE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL LUNGS DURING MECHANICAL VENTILATION • N. Videnović1, J. Mladenovic, V. Videnovic, S. Mihajlov, S. Trpkovic, R. ZdravkovicABS 4. A CONGENITAL CHYLOTHORAX MIMICKING PNEUMONIA • K.Ş. Tekgunduz, Y. Demirelli, M. Kara, İ. CanerABS 5. SINGLE CENTRE USE OF MONTELUKAST • D. Panjwani, R. deBoer, P SatodiaABS 6. RESPIRATORY MANAGEMENT AND BRONCHOPULMONARY DYSPLASIA • C. Ramos-Navarro, P. Chimenti-Camacho, N. Gonzalez-Pacheco, S. Villar-Castro, G. Zeballos-Sarrato, Perez-Perez Alba, M. Sanchez-Gomez de Orgaz, M. Sanchez-LunaABS 7. EARLY MANAGEMENT OF NEONATAL RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME – A SURVEY AMONG UK NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNITS • G. Hendriks, R. Stephenson, K. YajamanyamABS 8. DYSREGULATION OF SOLUBLE FMS-LIKE TYROSINE KINASE 1 (SFLT-1 CONTRIBUTES TO PULMONARY HYPERTENSION • C. Chen, P. Tsao, S. WeiABS 9. SECONDARY RESPIRATORY SUPPORT OF PRETERM INFANTS: NON-INVASIVE VENTILATION VERSUS CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE • A. Menshykova, D. DobryanskyyABS 10. FATAL NEONATAL RESPIRATORY FAILURE DUE TO NON PREVIOUSLY DESCRIBED ABCA3 MUTATIONS • I. Sanz Fernández, M. Miñambres Rodriguez, J.J. Telleria Orriols, M. Marcos Temprano, M. Pino Velázquez, A. Pino VázquezABS 11. CONGENITAL STRIDOR DUE TO BILATERAL VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS • I. Sanz Fernández, M. Mi

  7. Fighting status inequalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Morten Ebbe Juul; Landes, Xavier

    2016-01-01

    as a theoretical foil for this as compared to a liberal notion of non-interference. The article concludes that there is a prima facie case for incorporating non-dominance into our thinking about public health, but that it needs to go hand in hand with a more traditional liberal ideal of non-interference.......Status inequalities seem to play a fairly big role in creating inequalities in health. This article assumes that there can be good reasons to fight status inequalities in order to reduce inequalities in health. It examines whether the neorepublican ideal of non-dominance does a better job...

  8. New Service Status Board

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On Monday 14 October, the Service Status Board for GS and IT will change. The new Status Board will be integrated with the CERN Service Portal and with the CERN Service Catalogue.   As of today, the SSB will display “Service Incidents”, “Planned Interventions” and “Service Changes”. References valid from 14 October: CERN SSB at https://cern.ch/ssb Computing SSB (previously IT SSB) at https://cern.ch/itssb   Nicole Cremel, IT and GS Service Management Support

  9. FRIB Cryogenic Plant Status

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dixon, Kelly D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Ganni, Venkatarao [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Knudsen, Peter N. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Casagranda, Fabio [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

    2015-12-01

    After practical changes were approved to the initial conceptual design of the cryogenic system for MSU FRIB and an agreement was made with JLab in 2012 to lead the design effort of the cryogenic plant, many activities are in place leading toward a cool-down of the linacs prior to 2018. This is mostly due to using similar equipment used at CHLII for the 12 GeV upgrade at JLab and an aggressive schedule maintained by the MSU Conventional Facilities department. Reported here is an updated status of the cryogenic plant, including the equipment procurement status, plant layout, facility equipment and project schedule.

  10. Estudio de la no participación en el programa de prevención de cáncer de mama en la ciudad de Valencia Study of non-participation in the breast cancer screening program in the city of Valencia [Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alcaraz

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer los motivos de no participación de las mujeres en el Programa poblacional de Prevención de Cáncer de Mama. Métodos: Es un estudio observacional transversal, en mujeres que fueron invitadas para participar en el Programa de Prevención de Cáncer de Mama en la ciudad de Valencia y no acudieron. Se realizó una entrevista con cuestionario en el domicilio con 25 preguntas, agrupadas en: conocimiento sobre el programa, motivos de la no participación, actitudes o creencias y características de las encuestadas (variables socioeconómicas, culturales y edad. Se analizaron las diferencias en las características de las mujeres con un análisis bivariante y multivariante mediante regresión logística. Resultados: Se utilizaron 783 direcciones, se obtuvieron 411 cuestionarios, y analizaron 361, y se excluyeron del análisis los 50 cuestionarios utilizados en la prueba piloto, ya que ésta produjo una modificación del cuestionario. El 93,4% (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%: 3-95,7 recordaba haber recibido una citación. El motivo principal de no participación fue estar estudiada por otros servicios sanitarios en el 48,8% (IC del 95%: 43,6-53,9, seguido de diversos motivos personales en el 16,1% (IC del 95%: 12,3-19,9 y del horario de citación que no les resultó adecuado en el 15,5% (IC del 95%:11,8-19,2. Analizando la clase social media y alta frente a la clase baja, se observan importantes diferencias: las mujeres de clase media o alta tenían mayor probabilidad de conocer el programa y llevar tratamiento hormonal sustitutivo (THS y el motivo principal de no asistencia era el estar estudiada por otros servicios sanitarios y para las mujeres de la clase baja el temor, no considerarlo importante para su salud y problemas de accesibilidad horaria. En el análisis multivariante las variables que entraron en el modelo fueron: THS, la clase social y el nivel cultural; de tal forma que aquellas mujeres de clase social media o

  11. Estudio hidraúlico y geotécnico sobre las características de cimentación del puente del acceso norte a Alcasser sobre el barranco de Picassent (Valencia) de la Confederación hidrográfica del Júcar. Cálculo estructural y estudio económico.

    OpenAIRE

    ANDREU GARCÍA, CARLOS

    2015-01-01

    [EN] The FDP in question whose title is "Hydraulic and geotechnical study over the characteristics of foundation of the nord access bridge to Alcasser over the ravine on Picassent (Valencia) of the hydrographic confederation of Júcar. Structural calculus and economic study" is structured in three parts. on the first part, it is established a study of solutions to optimize the foundation of the piers of the bridge, in which two typologies of foundations are compared in function of several ...

  12. Aplicación de la inteligencia competitiva y la vigilancia tecnológica en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia: creación de un modelo de Vigilancia Tecnológica del Instituto de Diseño y Fabricación (IDF)

    OpenAIRE

    MARCO GÓMEZ, SANDRA

    2012-01-01

    Marco Gómez, S. (2012). Aplicación de la inteligencia competitiva y la vigilancia tecnológica en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia: creación de un modelo de Vigilancia Tecnológica del Instituto de Diseño y Fabricación (IDF). http://hdl.handle.net/10251/17404. Archivo delegado

  13. Aplicación de la inteligencia competitiva y la vigilancia tecnológica en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia: creación de un modelo de vigilancia tecnológica en el Centro de Apoyo a la Innovación, la Investigación y la Transferencia de Tecnología

    OpenAIRE

    TAMARIT GIMÉNEZ, CARMEN

    2012-01-01

    Tamarit Giménez, C. (2012). Aplicación de la inteligencia competitiva y la vigilancia tecnológica en la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia: creación de un modelo de vigilancia tecnológica en el Centro de Apoyo a la Innovación, la Investigación y la Transferencia de Tecnología. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/17403. Archivo delegado

  14. n status confessionis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Both the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) and the — then — Re- formed Ecumenical Synod (RES) eventually declared a status confessionis against the theological and moral justification of apartheid. In this process the Afrikaans Re- formed Churches came under serious fire. The questions arising from this ...

  15. Status, Numbers and Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melamed, David; Savage, Scott V.

    2013-01-01

    We develop a theoretical model of social influence in n-person groups. We argue that disagreement between group members introduces uncertainty into the social situation, and this uncertainty motivates people to use status characteristics to evaluate the merits of a particular opinion. Our model takes the numerical distribution of opinions and the…

  16. Status and the brain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda V Utevsky

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Social hierarchy is a fact of life for many animals. Navigating social hierarchy requires understanding one's own status relative to others and behaving accordingly, while achieving higher status may call upon cunning and strategic thinking. The neural mechanisms mediating social status have become increasingly well understood in invertebrates and model organisms like fish and mice but until recently have remained more opaque in humans and other primates. In a new study in this issue, Noonan and colleagues explore the neural correlates of social rank in macaques. Using both structural and functional brain imaging, they found neural changes associated with individual monkeys' social status, including alterations in the amygdala, hypothalamus, and brainstem--areas previously implicated in dominance-related behavior in other vertebrates. A separate but related network in the temporal and prefrontal cortex appears to mediate more cognitive aspects of strategic social behavior. These findings begin to delineate the neural circuits that enable us to navigate our own social worlds. A major remaining challenge is identifying how these networks contribute functionally to our social lives, which may open new avenues for developing innovative treatments for social disorders.

  17. Experimental status of physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In a short period of time, we will have a large amount of results from -factories including ones on CP violation. In this talk, we briefly review the current experimental status of -physics. After a quick description of -facilities, we divide this vast field into two categories: (1) weak interaction and QCD, (2) unitarity triangle and ...

  18. Angola: Country Status Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruhn, Thea C.

    A survey of the status of language usage in Angola begins with an overview of the usage and distribution of Portuguese as the official language, and the four most significant native languages and dialects spoken there: Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo, and Lunda-Chokwe. The introduction of Spanish through Cuban trainers, teachers, and military advisors…

  19. Status of numerical relativity

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Numerical relativity; gravitational waves; black hole; neutron star. ... and stellar collapse, emphasizing the well-developed current status of such implementations that enable simulations for several astrophysical phenomena. Some of our latest results for simulation of binary neutron star mergers are briefly presented.

  20. Liberia: Country Status Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robson, Barbara

    A survey of the status of language usage in Liberia begins with an overview of the distribution of the 16 languages and dialects spoken natively there that are recognized by the government. These include, in order of number of native speakers: Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Mano, Lorma, Krahn, Gola, Mandingo, Kissi, Vai, English, Gbandi, Mende, Belle,…