WorldWideScience

Sample records for uni ted states

  1. CULTIVAR RELEASE - BRSMG União: common bean cultivar with jalo grain for the state of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magno Antonio Patto Ramalho

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The bean cultivar BRSMG União as a new option of a bean cultivar with jalo grains for the state of Minas Gerais. The cultivar BRSMG União had an average grain yield of 9.8% above the mean of the controls (Jalo EEP 558 and BRS Radiante and was resistant to powdery-mildew.

  2. TED KYCIA MEMORIAL SYMPOSIUM.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LITTENBERG, L.; RUBINSTEIN, R.; SAMIOS, N.; LI, K.; GIACOMELLI, G.; MOCKETT, P.; CARROLL, A.; JOHNSON, R.; BRYMAN, D.; TIPPENS, B.

    2000-05-19

    On the afternoon of May 19 2000, a Memorial Seminar was held in the BNL physics Large Seminar Room to honor the memory of Ted Kyeia, a prominent particle physicist who had been a member of the BNL staff for 40 years. Although it was understandably a somewhat sad occasion because Ted was no longer with us, nevertheless there was much for his colleagues and friends to celebrate in recalling the outstanding contributions that he had made in those four decades. The Seminar speakers were all people who had worked with Ted during that period; each discussed one aspect of his career, but also included anecdotes and personal reminiscences. This booklet contains the Seminar program, listing the speakers, and also copies of transparencies of the talks (and one paper which was a later expansion of a talk); sadly, not all of the personal remarks appeared on the transparencies.

  3. Perspectives de la demande en essences des États-Unis Outlook for Gasoline Demand in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Valais M.

    2006-01-01

    Cet article analyse les perspectives d'évolution de la demande en essences des États-Unis en regard des événements ou tendances énergétiques et politiques qui affecteront l'industrie automobile et le raffinage américains. This article analyzes the outlook for the evolution of gasoline demand in the United States in the light of the energy and political events and trends that will affect the American automotive and refining industries.

  4. Scientists popularizing science: characteristics and impact of TED talk presenters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassidy R Sugimoto

    Full Text Available The TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design conference and associated website of recorded conference presentations (TED Talks is a highly successful disseminator of science-related videos, claiming over a billion online views. Although hundreds of scientists have presented at TED, little information is available regarding the presenters, their academic credentials, and the impact of TED Talks on the general population. This article uses bibliometric and webometric techniques to gather data on the characteristics of TED presenters and videos and analyze the relationship between these characteristics and the subsequent impact of the videos. The results show that the presenters were predominately male and non-academics. Male-authored videos were more popular and more liked when viewed on YouTube. Videos by academic presenters were more commented on than videos by others and were more liked on YouTube, although there was little difference in how frequently they were viewed. The majority of academic presenters were senior faculty, males, from United States-based institutions, were visible online, and were cited more frequently than average for their field. However, giving a TED presentation appeared to have no impact on the number of citations subsequently received by an academic, suggesting that although TED popularizes research, it may not promote the work of scientists within the academic community.

  5. The United States facing their petroleum dependence; Les Etats-Unis face a leur dependance petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P. [Institut francais des Relations Internationals, 75 - Paris (France); Universite Pierre Mendes-France-IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2002-06-01

    In the framework of ''the energy crisis of 2000-2001'', the Cheney report and the petroleum dependence, this study presents a critical examination of the United States petroleum situation, its perception in the american political milieu and the public policies implementing during the last ten years. The first section is devoted to the petroleum supply. In the second section, the american petroleum policy and the energy safety are studied. (A.L.B.)

  6. Natural Gas Potential of the United States Ressources potentielles en gaz naturel des États Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kent H. C.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Updated resource estimates of the natural gas potential for the United States using the results of developments through 1978 are now available. The estimated resources include 200 trillion cubic feet of proved reserves and 1,019 trillion cubic feet of potential resources from conventional reservoirs. More than 50% of the proved reserves are located in three principal areas: South Louisiana; Alaska; and the Mid-Continent region of Oklahoma, Kansas and the Texas Panhandle. Approximately 50% of the potential resources are located in four areas: the northern and central Rocky Mountain states, the Mid-Continent region, offshore Alaska, and offshore Louisiana. Projections indicate that these potential sources, including Alaska, can continue to provide through the year 2000 approximately the same amount of gas, on an annual basis, as is currently being produced in the US. Slnce 1968, proved reserves of gas in the lower 48 states have declined. Part of the decline can be attributed to the decline in drilling activity from 1956 through 1972, but location and depth of wells are also important. About 14% of oil wells drilled in the United States in 1978 were drilled as new field wildcats and only 4% of the successful gas wells completed were drilled as new field wildcats. In 1977, 80% of the wells were completed in areas and at depths where only 22% of the natural gas resource potential is believed to exist. Clearly, the emphasis on exploration and drilling must be redirected toward those areas of greater gas resource potential in order to meet future needs. On dispose maintenant d'estimation à jour des ressources potentielles en gaz naturel pour les États-Unis utilisant les résultats des développements en 1978. Les ressources estimées comprennent 200 Tcf (± 5,7 Tm3 de réserves prouvées et 1,019 Tcf (± 29 Tm3 de ressources potentielles pour les réservoirs conventionnels. Plus de 50 % des réserves prouvées se situent dans trois secteurs

  7. TEDS-M 2008 User Guide for the International Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brese, Falk, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics or TEDS-M is a study conducted under the aegis of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). The lead research center for the study is the International Study Center at Michigan State University (ISC/MSU). The ISC/MSU worked from 2006 to 2011 with the International…

  8. Unscrambling Key Features of TED as Open Educational Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静静; QIU; Cai-zhen

    2015-01-01

    TED is a particularly thriving branch in the campaign of Open Educational Resources,leading future educational revolution.What makes TED distinguished from other agents of open educational resources is worth studying.This paper studies key features of TED talks that help to explain why TED talks are so appealing,provide deeper look at TED and explore its value.

  9. 50 CFR 223.207 - Approved TEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... than 4 inches (10.2 cm) from the frame and may not extend past the frame. A horizontal brace bar to... the TED frame must not exceed 4 inches (10.2 cm). (5) Direction of bars. The deflector bars must run... bottom bars and two of the top bars, including the frame, may run from side to side of the TED....

  10. The Politics of Religion in the United States Manifestations politiques de la religion aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Braml

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Aux États-Unis, les attitudes religieuses ont plus d’influence sur les choix politiques que dans n’importe quelle autre démocratie occidentale. L’engagement religieux/moral de la droite chrétienne polarise les États-Unis, ce qui a des conséquences sur le plan électoral mais aussi sur les choix politiques réels. L’importance de la droite chrétienne dans la coalition électorale du Parti républicain oblige celui-ci à mettre l’accent sur les questions liées à la sécurité nationale, en particulier la lutte anti-terroriste, afin de mieux souder une coalition électorale hétérogène.

  11. TED-Ed lessons & TED-Ed clubs: Educational activities to amplify students' voices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villias, Georgios

    2017-04-01

    TED-Ed lessons and TED-Ed clubs are two powerful educational tools that can be used in today's school classrooms in order to create an educational environment that is engaging for the students and favors their active participation, created and fostered by TED-Ed. TED-Ed is TED's educational initiative, committed to create lessons worth sharing and amplify the voices and ideas of teachers and students around the world. TED-Ed animated lessons are fully organized lessons structured around an animated video that introduces new topics to learners in an exciting, thought-provoking way. These lessons have been created as a result of the cooperation between expert educators and animators and have been uploaded at the TED-Ed platform (http://ed.ted.com). On the other hand, TED-Ed Clubs are also an interesting way to offer students the chance, the voice and the opportunity to express their thoughts, engage actively on these matters and connect with each other, both at a local, as well as at an international level (http://ed.ted.com/clubs). By developing new TED-Ed lessons or by customizing appropriately existing animated TED-Ed lessons (translating, modifying the questions asked, introducing new discussion topics), I have created and implemented in my student-centered, didactic approach, a series of TED-ED animated lessons directly connected with the Greek national science syllabus that were used to spark students curiosity and initiate a further analytical discussion or introduce other relevant educational activities (http://gvillias.wixsite.com/education). Furthermore, at my school, we established Varvakeio TED-Ed Club, an environment that supports and empowers our students to research, develop and disseminate their own personal ideas that worth spreading. During the year, our members were inspired by watching TED talks presented by experts on their field on various different areas, including social, economical, environmental and technological-scientific issues. Our aim

  12. UniFlex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Ole; Helbo, Jan; Knudsen, Morten

    2003-01-01

    , a web site named UniFlex (University Flexible learning) has been developed and brought into use. The site is a comprehensive set of bookmarks including course taking, upload/download, and - of special significance - collaborative on-line project work. UniFlex has been developed to meet the requirement...

  13. UniFlex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Ole; Helbo, Jan; Knudsen, Morten

    2004-01-01

    , a web site named UniFlex (University Flexible learning) has been developed and brought into use. The site is a comprehensive set of bookmarks including course taking, upload/download, and - of special significance - collaborative on-line project work. UniFlex has been developed to meet the requirement...

  14. Exploring TED Talks as Linked Data for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taibi, Davide; Chawla, Saniya; Dietze, Stefan; Marenzi, Ivana; Fetahu, Besnik

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we present the TED Talks dataset which exposes all metadata and the actual transcripts of available TED talks as structured Linked Data. The TED talks collection is composed of more than 1800 talks, along with 35?000 transcripts in over 30 languages, related to a wide range of topics. In this regard, TED talks metadata available in…

  15. A Fuzzy Control Course on the TED Server

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dotoli, Mariagrazia; Jantzen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The Training and Education Committee (TED) is a committee under ERUDIT, a Network of Excellence for fuzzy technology and uncertainty in Europe. The main objective of TED is to improve the training and educational possibilities for the nodes of ERUDIT. Since early 1999, TED has set up the TED serv...

  16. UniFlex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Ole; Helbo, Jan; Knudsen, Morten

    2004-01-01

    Increasing demands for remote on-line education are changing the way teaching and learning is performed. New behavior in using pedagogy and supporting technology is needed to drive the learning process. To facilitate the use of services for selected activities to participants in on-line education......, a web site named UniFlex (University Flexible learning) has been developed and brought into use. The site is a comprehensive set of bookmarks including course taking, upload/download, and - of special significance - collaborative on-line project work. UniFlex has been developed to meet the requirement...... for a simple and cheap personalized interactive site, supporting problem oriented and project organized study form, which has characterized Aalborg University for more than 25 years. UniFlex supports a virtual group room for collaborative work as a key facility. UniFlex has downloadable templates, which...

  17. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2011)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  18. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2013)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  19. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1994)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  20. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2009)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  1. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2002)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  2. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  3. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2010)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  4. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1997)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  5. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2001)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  6. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1995)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  7. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2003)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  8. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2004)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  9. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2005)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  10. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2009)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  11. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2006)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  12. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2006)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  13. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1996)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  14. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2012)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  15. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1999)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  16. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2007)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  17. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  18. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1993)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  19. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2011)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  20. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2000)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  1. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  2. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1992)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  3. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-1998)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  4. Treatment Episode Data Set: Admissions (TEDS-A-2007)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Admissions (TEDS-A) is a national census data system of annual admissions to substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-A provides...

  5. Using TED Talks to Inspire Thoughtful Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubenstein, Lisa DaVia

    2012-01-01

    How can teacher educators provide relevant and important content in an educational environment that is rapidly evolving? TED.com is a website that provides content that meets these criteria in its mission of promoting "ideas that are worth spreading." Rather than ignoring the incredible access to the world's most innovative and dynamic speakers,…

  6. New trends in knowledge dissemination: TED Talks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Scotto di Carlo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the key elements of ethos, pathos and logos linguistic strategies as some main features of TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design Talks, popularizing speeches aiming at Knowledge Dissemination. Through a comparison between the TED Talk ‘HIV - How to fight an epidemic of bad laws’, by Shereen El-Feki (2012a, and another speech held by the same author at the  2012 Symposia The Global Commission on HIV and the Law, addressed to specialists, the paper analyses TED Talks as an innovative tool of popularization, which breaches the typical triangularisation ‘scientist-mediator-audience’, bringing scientists directly into contact with their audiences. Drawing upon Aristotle’s three pillars of rhetoric, the paper analyses the strategies used to establish the ethos of the speech, by proposing a topic as morally worth of spreading; pathos, by creating a direct contact with the public; and logos, investigated through an analysis of the elements used to recontextualise scientific discourses into popularized speeches. The analysis suggests that TED Talks are a recodification, not a mere translation of texts; they are a means to disseminate knowledge reducing the asymmetry between audiences and scientists.

  7. The United States and the Arab Gulf Monarchies; Les Etats-Unis et les monarchie arabes du Golfe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kechichian, J.A

    1999-07-01

    The United States has enduring strategic interests in the Persian Gulf region. To understand these interests and the Usa policy towards the Arab Gulf Monarchies, the french institute of international relations (IFRI) proposes this document. The following chapters are detailed: the United States and the Arab Gulf Monarchies, overview, Chief Unites States Objective: Access to oil, re-evaluating United States Foreign Policy in the Gulf, the second term (Usa strategy). (A.L.B.)

  8. TEDS-M 2008 User Guide for the International Database. Supplement 1: International Version of the TEDS-M Questionnaires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brese, Falk, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The Teacher Education Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M) International Database includes data for all questionnaires administered as part of the TEDS-M study. These consisted of questionnaires administered to future teachers, educators, and institutions with teacher preparation programs. This supplement contains the international version of the TEDS-M…

  9. Greenhouse effect: what are doing the Unites States; Effet de serre: ce que font les Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quiret, M.

    2004-06-01

    Although they refuse to sign the kyoto protocol, the United States count on the new technologies and the industrialists participation to fight against the greenhouse effect. The author presents the local projects and initiatives (nine states of the north-east decided coordinated actions to fight the CO{sub 2} emissions) facing the increasing non commitment of the federal government. (A.L.B.)

  10. Research and photovoltaic industry at the United States; Recherche et industrie photovoltaique (PV) aux Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lerouge, Ch.; Herino, R.; Delville, R.; Allegre, R

    2006-06-15

    For a big country as the United States, the solar energy can be a solution for the air quality improvement, the greenhouse gases fight and the reduction of the dependence to the imported petroleum and also for the economic growth by the increase of the employment in the solar industry sector. This document takes stock on the photovoltaic in the United States in the industrial and research domains. The american photovoltaic industry is the third behind the Japan and the Germany. (A.L.B.)

  11. Ted Wilson passes on the torch

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    As part of the Laboratory's outreach programme, the CERN Accelerator School (CAS) brings together students and experienced physicists from all over the world with the aim of promoting the understanding of accelerator physics. As head of the School for 11 years, Ted Wilson became a CERN ambassador to the outside community. He retired in March, handing over the reigns of the CAS to Daniel Brandt. Ted Wilson and his assistant, Suzanne von Wartburg, during an EPAC meeting in 1994.The accelerator schools allowed some time for relaxation in the local surrounding for students as well as for the director of CAS.As a boy, Ted Wilson could have embarked on a career in pop music rather than physics, rubbing shoulders at secondary school in Liverpool with two of the future Beatles. But prefering classical music and answering the call of science, he took the more serious of the two paths, studying physics first at Oxford University then at the Rutherford Laboratory. After a year at CERN and four years at the Rutherford La...

  12. Insight on the energy in the United States; Apercus sur l'energie aux Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamet, Ph

    2006-11-15

    This document recapitulates the main characteristics and the key data of the energy in the United States (fossil energies, renewable energies, electric power production). The main american strategies are then described as the actions at the international scale during the last five years. The main data of the research programs in the energy domain are presented and the possible consequences of the government change at the Congress are analyzed. (A.L.B.)

  13. Multicast Protocol for Uni-Directional Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皓; 陈贵海; 谢立; 孙钟秀

    2000-01-01

    A very inexpensive receive-only satellite receiver can receive high bandwidth traffic from a feeder. Therefore the connection between the feeder and the receiver is uni-directional. The existing routing protocols, such as Link-State and Distance-Vector, are designed on the premise that any links are bidirectional and they cannot handle the uni-directional links. In this paper, a dynamic multicast routing protocol is proposed, which can handle uni-directional networks. This protocol can also adapt to the dynamic change of the topology of the network and has good scalability. A formal description of the protocol by Petri net is given. Liveness,deadlock free and other properties of the protocol are proved.

  14. Viscosity overshoot followed by steady state measured in uni-axial elongation of LDPE. Ole Hassager, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen, Anders Bach and Jens Kromann Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Hassager, Ole; Bach, Anders

    2004-01-01

    The transient (e.g. start up of) elongational viscosity of three low-density polyethylene (LDPE) melts (BASF Lupolen 1810H, 1840D and 3020D) was measured using a filament stretching rheometer (FSR) capable of measuring at elevated temperatures. The transient uni-axial elongational viscosity showe...

  15. Viscosity overshoot followed by steady state measured in uni-axial elongation of LDPE. Ole Hassager, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen, Anders Bach and Jens Kromann Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Hassager, Ole; Bach, Anders

    2004-01-01

    The transient (e.g. start up of) elongational viscosity of three low-density polyethylene (LDPE) melts (BASF Lupolen 1810H, 1840D and 3020D) was measured using a filament stretching rheometer (FSR) capable of measuring at elevated temperatures. The transient uni-axial elongational viscosity showe...

  16. Honing EAP Learners' Public Speaking Skills by Analyzing TED Talks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    Despite the importance of public speaking skills for English for Academic Purposes (EAP) students' academic and professional success, few EAP textbooks incorporate authentic, professional speech models. Thus, many EAP instructors have turned to TED talks for dynamic speech models. Yet a single TED talk may be too long for viewing in class and may…

  17. The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) is a comprehensive resource for protein sequence and annotation data. The UniProt databases are the UniProt Knowledgebase...

  18. To Speak Like a TED Speaker--A Case Study of TED Motivated English Public Speaking Study in EFL Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yingxia; Gao, Ying; Zhang, Dongyu

    2016-01-01

    This paper intends to investigate the effectiveness of a new course pattern--TED-motivated English Public Speaking Course in EFL teaching in China. This class framework adopts TED videos as the learning materials to stimulate students to be a better speaker. Meanwhile, it aims to examine to what extent the five aspects of language skills are…

  19. Study of TED and Its Influence on College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jing-jing; QIU Cai-zhen

    2015-01-01

    TED, with its unique concept of sharing it has been consistently advocating and maintaining, definitely serves a leading role in future educational revolution. Given English is the official language in the international and inclusive talks, TED has proven to a non-conventional educational and teaching resources for college English teaching. This paper studies its contributions and in⁃fluences on English teaching, in the expectation that TED as an open educational resources would be utilized effectively in promot⁃ing the development of college English teaching.

  20. Uni-Economic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho Samuel K. M.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Historically, the study of the world's economy was classified into Micro-economics and Macroeconomics. Perhaps, contemporary economists should learn from the 'astronomists' about the universe which we are part of. We shall name this 'Uni-economics'. Many scientists have found that sunspots affect human behaviour. Some research findings even relate the 11 year periodic cycle to war and peace of mankind. It is also widely-known in the medical profession that sunspot radiation actually affects the physiology of our human body. With all these evidence in mind, the aim of this exploratory research paper is to investigate how sunspot activities can affect the investors' sentiment in the financial world since 1970 when the first post-war financial crisis was built up resulting from the oil crisis in the early '1970s. Time series techniques were deployed to track down the changes of Sunspot Counts over the last 44 years and their impact on the world's 4 main financial indices, i.e., S&P, FTSE, Nikkei & HSI. It was pretty astonishing to find out that, whilst there are insignificant correlations amongst the 4 financial indices over the period under investigation, the impact of the Sunspot Counts on them are highly significant, even on a day-to-day time series analysis. As a corrolary of the finding, the HK Property Market is used as a test case for the research output. It was interesting to find out that, apart from the Solar Minima, the Change-of-Slope from positive to negative also has a significant impact on the HK property prices. Hence, it was evident that there are 2 property clashes during the 11 year sunspot cycle, and their timing can be predicted pretty accurately (2014 & 2019 within +/- one year.

  1. Treatment Episode Data Set: Discharges (TEDS-D-2006-2011)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set -- Discharges (TEDS-D) is a national census data system of annual discharges from substance abuse treatment facilities. TEDS-D...

  2. "Being TED": The University Intellectual as Globalised Neoliberal Consumer Self

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shumar, Wesley

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the ways that modern American universities are engaged in the process of articulating new producing and consuming subjects. It argues that the image of the engaged "media celebrity" intellectual, as presented in the TED Talk model, has become a cultural ideal that reconciles a deeper contradiction in the academy.…

  3. An Evaluation of the AFIT Teleteach Expanded Delivery System (TEDS) Method of Instruction (Phase 1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    approximately 10,000 st udent s Ln FY79 (2:1). In FY80 these figres should st art increasing dramatically due to the initiation of new Teachin - me𔃻:hc- This...Score C r-’t -- qe Teachin -g "Tode Data Dat a Da-a NC-72EDS -,o TEDS x X Re"-sildent TEDS I X xx to Remote TEDS Remote TEDS- to Remote2 TEIS- to R-enote

  4. Teaching Note--Using TED Talks in the Social Work Classroom: Encouraging Student Engagement and Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loya, Melody Aye; Klemm, Terri

    2016-01-01

    Focusing on TED Talks (online videos) as a resource for social work educators, this teaching note shares our ideas regarding the use of the online videos as an avenue for reaching students and encouraging discussions in the social work classroom. The article first explores the TED platform and then discusses using TED as a teaching tool. Finally,…

  5. Unites States and the oil of the Middle-East; Les Etats-Unis et le petrole du Moyen-Orient

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P

    2005-08-15

    The author discusses different aspects of the United States intervention and behavior in the Middle-East petroleum management. The Iraq and Iran potentials are largely under used. The Saudi Arabia defines its own oil policy, but benefits of the Unites States military help. The United States intervention is in the domain of the security of flux on the world market. (A.L.B.)

  6. About the renewable and the seas energies in the United States; Apercus sur les energies renouvelables et l'energie des mers aux Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamet, Ph

    2006-07-01

    This report aims to bring some information on the regulations and the technologies in the United States in the domain of the seas energies. After a presentation of the different seas and renewable energies and the corresponding regulations in the United States, the author concludes of an energy in its infancy except for the offshore wind power where some big projects are implemented. (A.L.B.)

  7. Apontamentos para o reconhecimento das uniões homossexuais face ao paradigma do estado democrático de direito Reporting for the recognition of homosexual unions to the democratic state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Horta Tavares

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende trazer apontamentos sobre o reconhecimento das uniões homossexuais como entidades familiares no contexto do Estado Democrático de Direito. Para tanto, adota-se interpretação no sentido de que o artigo 126, § 4º da Constituição de 1988 é uma cláusula aberta, incluindo o tema, que deve ser entendido à luz de outros princípios constitucionais, tais como os princípios de igualdade, liberdade e da dignidade da pessoa humana.This article aims to bring notes about the recognition of homosexual unions as family entities in the context of the Democratic State of Law. To do so a interpretation of Article 126, § 4º, of the 1988 Constitution is adopted in the sense of open clause including the subject which must be understood in the light of other constitutional principles, such as the principles of Equality, Freedom and Dignity of the human person.

  8. Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Jörg Ruhl

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El impulso y la protección de los derechos humanos se ha convertido en un objetivo prominente en las políticas de la Unión Europea (ue. La integración de la Carta de Derechos Fundamentales en la Constitución Europea así como la creación de una gran cantidad de instituciones, oficinas y agencias son muestra de ello. Entre ellas destacan el Defensor del Pueblo Europeo, el Observatorio Europeo de los Fenómenos de Discriminación y Xenofobia y las divisiones o grupos de trabajo de la Comisión, el Parlamento y el Consejo Europeos. En la política exterior de la ue, la cooperación para el desarrollo cada vez está más ligada al respeto de los derechos humanos en terceros países. Además, la Unión Europea contribuye al financiamiento de una gran cantidad de proyectos que pretenden fortalecer el respeto a los derechos humanos, impulsar la democracia y el Estado de derecho en muchas y distintas regiones geográficas. Este artículo pretende ofrecer un panorama general de estas políticas y un breve análisis de su efectividad.

  9. The United States in the Copenhagen process: the temptation of leadership; Les Etats-Unis dans le processus de Copenhague: la tentation du leadership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-06-15

    Written before the Copenhagen Conference, this analysis first gives an overview of the United States energy systems (greenhouse gas emissions, energy sources and more particularly fossil sources) and of the evolutions since the Kyoto Conference in comparison with other countries (notably the European Union). It also evokes the commitment of some States and companies within the USA. Then, the authors comment the revitalization of the environmental policy in the National Recovery Act and the prospects of greenhouse gas emission reductions according to a Congress proposition (Waxman and Markey). They analyse the US posture with respect to international negotiations, aspects which are probably not negotiable, and opportunities to involve the USA in an international agreement.

  10. The future of the nuclear wastes and the spent fuels at the United States; Le devenir des dechets nucleaires et des combustibles uses aux Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    The USA regulation distinguishes three classes of nuclear wastes: the low activity wastes under the federal states control, the wastes contaminated by long life radionuclides (transuranic elements) and the high activity wastes. The two last classes are controlled by the DOE (Department of energy). The different classes management are discussed as the DOE obligations towards the operators, the storage project of Yucca Mountain and Private fuel storage of Skull Valley. (A.L.B.)

  11. The United States and the petroleum from Rockfeller in the Gulf war; Les Etats-Unis et le petrole de Rockefeller a la guerre du Golfe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noel, P. [Institut francais des Relations Internationals, 75 - Paris (France); Universite Pierre Mendes-France-IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France)

    2003-07-01

    To analyze the american policy in the petroleum dependence framework, the author presents the historical aspects of the petroleum industry development, the juridical aspects of the government intervention after 1920, the reagan movement and the liberal policy. In the context and waiting a technological progresses in the transport sector, the United States will continue to invest in the safety and the development of the world petroleum market. (A.L.B.)

  12. Obituary: Edward R. (Ted) Harrison, 1919-2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irvine, William M.; Arny, Thomas T.; Trimble, Virginia

    2007-12-01

    Cosmologist Edward R. (Ted) Harrison, emeritus Distinguished University Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, died on 29 January 2007 in his retirement city of Tucson, Arizona, where he was adjunct professor at the Steward Observatory, University of Arizona. The cause of death was colon cancer. He is survived by a sister, brother, and daughter. (A son died in 2000.) Perhaps best known for his work on the growth of fluctuations in the expanding universe and his books on cosmology for the dedicated layperson, Ted had extremely broad interests, and he published more than 200 papers in space sciences, plasma physics, high-energy physics, physical chemistry, and, principally, many aspects of astrophysics. He was a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Royal Astronomical Society, and the Institute of Physics (UK). Ted Harrison was born 8 January 1919 in London, England. His parents were Robert Harrison and Daisy Harrison (nee White). His education at Sir John Cass College, London University, was interrupted by the Second World War, during which he served for six years with the British Army in various campaigns, ultimately acting as Radar Adviser to the Northern Area of the Egyptian Army. It was during the latter service that he met his wife Photeni (nee Marangas). Following the War, Ted became a British Civil Servant, at first with the Atomic Energy Research Establishment in Harwell and then at the Rutherford High Energy Laboratory. During this period he acquired the equivalent of university degrees, becoming a graduate, then an Associate, and finally a Fellow of the Institute of Physics. His somewhat unorthodox education may have contributed to his broad interests and his very intuitive and physical approach to scientific problems. The latter became the bane of generations of graduate students, who might find themselves asked on their physics qualifying exams to

  13. Climate change and health in the United States of America: impacts, adaptations, and research; Changement climatique et santeaux Etats-Unis: impacts, adaptations et recherche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jouan, R.; Magaud, M

    2009-11-15

    After a description of the various impacts of climate change on human health, this report describes and comments the impacts of climate change on health in the USA: impacts of heat waves, of air quality degradation, of extreme climate events, of climate change on infectious diseases and allergies, regional impacts of climate change. In a second part, it describes the strategies of adaptation to the 'climate change and health' issue in the USA: mitigation and adaptation to climate change, adaptation challenges, insufficiently prepared public health system, adaptation to heat waves, adaptation to air quality degradation, adaptation to extreme climate events, adaptation to food- and water-based diseases and to vector-based diseases, examples of proactive adaptation. The last part describes the organisation of research on 'climate change and health' in the USA: nowadays and in the future, role of federal agencies, priority research axes. The 'United States Global Change Research Program' is presented in appendix, as well as the most important research centres (mostly in universities)

  14. O Mercosul e a Alca: os interesses (irreconciliáveis da União Européia e dos EUA Mercosur and FTAA: the conflicting interests of the European Union and the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Messias de Sá Pinto

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Os interesses dos EUA na América Latina e a criação da Alca são fatores determinantes para explicar o propósito da União Européia de estabelecer um Acordo de Associação com o Mercosul. Enquanto que à UE interessa o alargamento do Mercosul, os EUA preferem, por meio da criação da Alça, induzir a sua dissolução e retirar vantagens da integração assimétrica. O nosso objetivo é demonstrar que, face aos cenários possíveis de evolução dos entendimentos regionais na América Latina, o mais plausível (co-existência do Mercosul, do Acordo de Associação UE/Mercosul, e da Alca é também aquele que permite reconciliar os interesses da UE e dos EUA na região.The interests of the United States in Latin America and the creation of the FTAA are two determinant factors in explaining the European Union intention to establish an Association Agreement with Mercosur. While the European Union is interested in the Mercosur enlargement, the US prefer, through the creation of the FTAA, to induce its dissolution and obtain advantages from asymmetric integration. Our purpose is to demonstrate that, given the possible scenarios of evolution in regional agreements in Latin America, the most plausible (co-existence of Mercosur, EU/Mercosur Association Agreement and FTAA is also the one that allows for a reconciliation of EU and US interests in the region.

  15. Practicioner Profile: An Interview with Ted Klontz, Ph.D.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Ted Klontz is generally considered to be one the leading pioneers in the field of financial therapy. He defines his role as a consultant, but this simple term masks the important role he has played in changing the attitudes and behaviors of clients worldwide. His innovative work has been cited in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, and ABC’s 20/20 to name a few. Dr. Klontz currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Financial Therapy Association. In this interview the editors of the Journal of Financial Therapy ask questions related to what drives Dr. Klontz as a consultant/therapist.

  16. Uni Dufour | Ig Nobel Show with Marc Abrahams | 7 May

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On 7 May, Marc Abrahams, founder of the Ig Nobel Prize, will give an "Ig Nobel show", in English at Uni Dufour. The Ig Nobel Prizes are an American parody of the Nobel Prizes. In early October of each year, they are awarded to ten unusual or trivial achievements in scientific research. The stated aim of the prizes is to "first make people laugh, and then make them think". Marc Abrahams will introduce this funny and dynamic evening with a short presentation before handing over to a selection of recipients. The show is free and open to all. Tuesday 7 May Ig Nobel Show 6:30 p.m. - Room U600 Uni Dufour

  17. Understanding the contemporary United States and European Union foreign policy in the Middle East Entendiendo la política exterior de Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea en el Medio Oriente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Necati Anaz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available United States, as the dominant geopolitical power in the Middle East, has been struggling to stabilize the region to achieve its geopolitical objectives and interests. Especially since the Second World War, the US has rioritized, enacted and represented Middle East policies as vital to securing its "national interests" till terrorist attacks on the twin towers in New York City. As it is understood, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, markeda dramatic changenot onlyin US policy, but in USrhetoricandinternational discourses as well. Following the terror attacks, US Middle East policy shifted from being the matter of "national security," which primarily puts more emphases on "responsive securitization", to the "preventive securitization of national interests," particularly under the neo-conservative Bush Administrations. Consequently, US launched two direct military engagements in Afghanistan (2001 and Iraq (2003, and involved in unilateral regime change in those states ostensibly, to secure its national interests and provide world peace in the long run. It is important to highlight here that US cleared the full support (rhetorically, at least of the United Nations to disarm the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. This study, therefore, attempts to revisit and conceptualize the contemporary US and EU Middle East foreign policy -though they are not identical- before and after the September 11 terror attack. The argument here is that the Middle East policy objectives of the US and the EU primarily agglomerate around two main headings: security of oil and protecting the state of Israel in an Arab-dominated region. Closely related, but not equivalent, both the US and EU have a stake in establishing good relations with the Arab states and promoting democracy and liberal market economies in the Middle East. This study also reviews the President Barack Obama’s Middle Eastern foreign policy initiatives and attempts to suggest several key points

  18. R. E. (Ted) Munn — Founding editor; a mini-biography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Peter; Thomas, Morley; Truhlar, Ed; Whelpdale, Doug

    1996-02-01

    Ted Munn founded Boundary-Layer Meteorology in 1970 and served as Editor for 75 volumes over a 25 year period. This short article briefly reviews Ted's scientific career with the Atmospheric Environment Service (of Canada), the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria and with the Institute of Environmental Studies at the University of Toronto, and as editor of this journal.

  19. A Pharmacy Elective Course on Creative Thinking, Innovation, and TED Talks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cain, Jeff

    2016-12-25

    Objective. To implement and assess an elective course designed to enhance student creative thinking and presentation skills. Design. A two-credit elective course was developed that incorporated creative-thinking exercises, article discussions pertaining to creativity, TED Talk (TED Conferences, New York, NY) analyses, and presentation design and delivery exercises. Assessment. Assessment instruments included pre- and post-course Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT). A scoring rubric was developed and used to evaluate a final mock TED Talk presented to faculty and students. Course evaluations were also used to assess student experiences in the course. Students' TTCT verbal creativity scores increased significantly (p<0.05) during the course and their mock TED Talk mean scores (135±6.4) out of 150 were rated highly. Conclusion. The outcomes from this elective course confirmed that pharmacy students could develop and present an original "idea worth sharing" using the TED Talk format.

  20. TED 2013: The Young. The Wise. The Undiscovered.

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Select live sessions of Disrupt! and Dream! from TED 2013 (Technology, Education, Design) taking place in Long Beach, Florida will be screened in CERN’s Main Auditorium on 27 February, at 17:30 and 20:00.   The event, organised by TEDxCERN, is a curtain raiser for the TEDxCERN talks scheduled for 3 May on the theme "Multiplying Dimensions". The TEDxCERN May event reaches beyond particle physics to provide a stage for the expression of science in multiple dimensions and disciplines, unveiling a world in which physics intersects with other multi-dimensional disciplines and thought. TEDxCERN team is looking for volunteers. If you are interested, please e-mail us at info@tedxcern.com.

  1. UniTree Name Server internals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mecozzi, D.; Minton, J.

    1996-01-01

    The UniTree Name Server (UNS) is one of several servers which make up the UniTree storage system. The Name Server is responsible for mapping names to capabilities Names are generally human readable ASCII strings of any length. Capabilities are unique 256-bit identifiers that point to files, directories, or symbolic links. The Name Server implements a UNIX style hierarchical directory structure to facilitate name-to-capability mapping. The principal task of the Name Server is to manage the directories which make up the UniTree directory structure. The principle clients of the Name Server are the FTP Daemon, NFS and a few UniTree utility routines. However, the Name Server is a generalized server and will accept messages from any client. The purpose of this paper is to describe the internal workings of the UniTree Name Server. In cases where it seems appropriate, the motivation for a particular choice of algorithm as description of the algorithm itself will be given.

  2. UniProt: the universal protein knowledgebase

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The UniProt knowledgebase is a large resource of protein sequences and associated detailed annotation. The database contains over 60 million sequences, of which over half a million sequences have been curated by experts who critically review experimental and predicted data for each protein. The remainder are automatically annotated based on rule systems that rely on the expert curated knowledge. Since our last update in 2014, we have more than doubled the number of reference proteomes to 5631, giving a greater coverage of taxonomic diversity. We implemented a pipeline to remove redundant highly similar proteomes that were causing excessive redundancy in UniProt. The initial run of this pipeline reduced the number of sequences in UniProt by 47 million. For our users interested in the accessory proteomes, we have made available sets of pan proteome sequences that cover the diversity of sequences for each species that is found in its strains and sub-strains. To help interpretation of genomic variants, we provide tracks of detailed protein information for the major genome browsers. We provide a SPARQL endpoint that allows complex queries of the more than 22 billion triples of data in UniProt (http://sparql.uniprot.org/). UniProt resources can be accessed via the website at http://www.uniprot.org/. PMID:27899622

  3. Mapping PUNITY to UniNet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU GuoFu(周国富); YUAN ChongYi(袁崇义)

    2003-01-01

    To solve the problems of the interleaving assumption and the single resource inPUNITY (Petri net and UNITY) and Petri net respectively, this paper proposes a set of mappingrules from PUNITY to UniNet. Based on these rules, problems of one field can be transformed toproblems of the other field and powerful tools of Petri net and UNITY can be used. The papergives a sketch of the mapping rules and applies the rules to an example. Meanwhile, the mappingrules can help computer to translate PUNITY to UniNet easily.

  4. Time Dependent and Steady Uni-axial Elongational Viscosity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jens K.; Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Hassager, Ole

    2005-01-01

    Here we present measurements of transient and steady uni-axial elongational viscosity, using the Filament Stretching Rheometer1 or FSR1 (see Fig. 1) of the following melts: Four narrow MMD polystyrene (PS) samples with weight-average molar mass Mw in the range of 50k to 390k. Three different bi......-disperse samples, mixed from the narrow MMD PS. Two low-density polyethylene (LDPE) melts (Lupolen 1840D and 3020D). A steady-state viscosity was kept for 1-2.5 Hencky strain units in all measurements....

  5. Uitbreiding van de Europese Unie en landbouw

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oskam, A.J.

    2009-01-01

    Landbouw stond centraal bij de uitbreiding van de Europese Unie met de tien Centraal- en Oost-Europese lidstaten. Achteraf zijn de problemen bij de uitbreiding op landbouwgebied door veel economen overschat. Bij toekomstige uitbreidingen geven alleen Turkije en wellicht Oekraïne problemen bij het la

  6. Magnetic fluctuations in UNi4B

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mentink, S.A.M.; Mason, T.E.; Buyers, W.J.L.;

    1997-01-01

    We investigate the magnetic fluctuation spectrum of the geometrically frustrated antiferromagnetic compound UNi4B, which partially orders below T-N = 20 K. An overdamped spin excitation is observed at the AF wave vector around 2.4 meV. Low-frequency, weakly Q-dependent inelastic scattering...

  7. TED HUGHES’ ANIMAL POEMS: AN EMBODIMENT OF VIOLENCE OR VITALITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheikh Mehedi Hasan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Ted Hughes, a leading contemporary British poet appears to explore, through his creative and poetic imagination, the intensity of archaic energies largely in animal world. He is commonly termed “animal poet” as he composed a significant number of animal poems, expressing his strong interest in animal life. While his contemporaries were committed to “the Movement” and kept articulating angst, anger, negation, narcissism, morbidity, and frustration in their verses, Hughes produced elegant poems of versatile animal world. His poems are expressive of archetypal energy and spontaneous vitality though he is sometimes accused of composing verses of violence. In this essay we will analyse a few of his animal poems to underscore his poetic vivacity which essentially connotes a number of relevant issues of human world. Contemporary issues of Britain can of course be located in his poems, but those obviously go beyond his time and visit and revisit many decades ahead of his life. While exploring Hughes’ poems, we will attempt to attend few issues like why he is found interested in violent energy in animal world and how far his violent imagery expresses vibrant vivacity in his poems. Above all, we will focus on the relevance of reading Hughes’ poems in an era of military might, multi-numbered mutilations, unbound terrors, and all-encompassing violence.

  8. 1992 through 2010 Treatment Episode Data Set - Admissions (TEDS-A)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) is an administrative data system providing descriptive information about the national flow of admissions to providers of...

  9. Effectiveness of TED talks on public speaking skills among university students

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tsun-kit, Jonathan; 李駿傑

    2015-01-01

    The terrible fear of public speaking negatively affects the academic performance among university students. Since effective communication skills are crucial for career success, many people now see TED talks as the new golden standard of public speaking. Traditional public speaking courses are not effective in reducing the fear of public speaking. There could be more effective ways to improve public speaking. This research aimed to find out whether watching TED talks would be a more effect...

  10. Talk like TED the 9 public-speaking secrets of the world's top minds

    CERN Document Server

    Gallo, Carmine

    2014-01-01

    Ideas are the currency of the twenty-first century. In order to succeed, you need to be able to sell your ideas persuasively. This ability is the single greatest skill that will help you accomplish your dreams. TED Talks have redefined the elements of a successful presentation and become the gold standard for public speaking. TED--which stands for technology, entertainment, and design--brings together the world's leading thinkers. These are the presentations that set the world on fire, and the techniques that top TED speakers use will make any presentation more dynamic, fire up any team, and give anyone the confidence to overcome their fear of public speaking. Public speaking coach and bestselling author Carmine Gallo has broken down hundreds of TED talks and interviewed the most popular TED presenters, as well as the top researchers in the fields of psychology, communications, and neuroscience to reveal the nine secrets of all successful TED presentations. Gallo's step-by-step method makes it possible for ...

  11. L’évolution de l’affirmative action aux États-Unis sous la présidence de George W. Bush Evolution of Affirmative Action in the United States during the Presidency of George W. Bush

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Pauwels

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available L’offensive contre l’affirmative action engagée depuis les années 1980 s’est accrue pendant les deux mandats de la présidence Bush, et l’opinion publique s’est radicalisée, percevant désormais de plus en plus fréquemment ces programmes comme une série d’avantages indûment octroyés à un certain nombre de « privilégiés ». Tout programme d’affirmative action doit désormais être étayé par des disparity studies démontrant la réalité de la discrimination, et seules des mesures très ciblées (narrowly tailored sont autorisées pour y remédier. La charge de la preuve a été en quelque sorte inversée. Mais contrairement aux idées reçues, l’affirmative action n’est pas sur le point de disparaître aux États-Unis et malgré son hostilité de principe, le gouvernement Bush n’a pris aucune mesure concrète pour démanteler ces programmes. L’affirmative action connaît aujourd’hui plusieurs transformations majeures, l’évolution la plus marquante étant l’effacement du critère ethno-racial au profit de critères plus neutres et moins idéologiquement polarisants, essentiellement d’ordre géographique et territorial. Dans l’enseignement supérieur par exemple, des procédures d’admission codées ont vu le jour pour favoriser l’accès des minorités ethniques sous-représentées aux campus d’élite, et diverses stratégies de contournement ont été mises en place dans l’adjudication des marchés publics. Ces transformations sont également intéressantes à analyser d’un point de vue transnational, puisque l’on observe une convergence croissante avec le modèle français de discrimination positive, lui aussi fondé sur le camouflage et l’euphémisation de l’identité ethno-raciale et sur une logique de territoire.This article examines the fate of affirmative action in the United States during the eight years of the Bush administration. After a brief reminder of the major landmarks

  12. Isoprene gas phase hydrogenation catalyzed by ThNi{sub 2} and UNi{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Branco, Joaquim Badalo [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional 10, P-2686-953 Sacavem Codex (Portugal)], E-mail: jbranco@itn.pt; Goncalves, Antonio Pereira; Pires de Mato, Antonio [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional 10, P-2686-953 Sacavem Codex (Portugal)

    2008-10-06

    The study of isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene) gas phase hydrogenation on ThNi{sub 2} and UNi{sub 2} was undertaken and the effect of the 5f element on nickel catalytic behavior investigated. At nearly steady state, the reaction products were isopentane and isopentenes (2-methyl-2-butene, 2-methyl-1-butene and 3-methyl-1-butene). The total selectivity to isopentenes was higher on ThNi{sub 2} ({approx}80 mol%) than on UNi{sub 2} ({approx}50 mol%) but, in both cases lower than that on pure Ni ({approx}96 mol%). The sum of 2-methyl-2-butene + 2-methyl-1-butene selectivities (valuable products for the tert-amyl methyl ether process) was {approx}75 mol% on ThNi{sub 2}, whereas on UNi{sub 2} it was significantly lower ({approx}50 mol%). ThNi{sub 2} and UNi{sub 2} total selectivity to isopentenes is nearly time invariant. The difference of catalytic properties between ThNi{sub 2} and UNi{sub 2} can be explained by electronic transfer from the 5f element to Ni that generates an electronic density supply on nickel, which is higher on ThNi{sub 2}.

  13. Electrical transport in UNi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 2} single crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bukowski, Z. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Gofryk, K. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Plackowski, T. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland); Kaczorowski, D. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 WrocIaw (Poland)]. E-mail: D.Kaczorowski@int.pan.wroc.pl

    2005-09-01

    Single crystals of UNi{sub 0}.{sub 5}Sb{sub 2} were investigated by means of Seebeck coefficient and Hall effect measurements in the temperature range 5-300 K. The results corroborated the occurrence of two magnetic phase transitions: from para- to antiferromagnetic state at T {sub N} = 161.5 K and a spin-reorientation near T {sub t} = 64 K. The first-order character of the latter feature was proved by studying in detail the electrical resistivity and the magnetic susceptibility of single-crystalline UNi{sub 0}.{sub 5}Sb{sub 2} in the vicinity of T {sub t}.

  14. Desarrollo local y políticas territoriales de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perrotta Fabrizio

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La Unión Europea ha desarrollado diversas políticas territoriales priorizando el desarrollo local con el fin de abordar la profunda crisis económica y así alcanzar los objetivos de la estrategia Europa 2020. Una revisión a estas políticas fundadas desde el entra­mado local y sistemas de desarrollo local, es una lectura que permite prever la manera en que la política territorial y urbana debe mantener ciertos principios fundantes, pres­cindiendo e interactuando con contextos tensos y conflictivos como lo esa la recesión económica y una situación de austeridad. De este modo, el estudio se presenta como un aporte analítico a la situación actual de las políticas territoriales de la Unión Europea desde un enfoque local, con el fin de ponerlas a disposición para la discusión y debate en otros contextos regionales. Abstract The European Union has developed regional policies based on local development. The­se aim to resolve the deep economic crisis and thus achieve the objectives of the Euro­pe 2020 strategy. This research is a reading of these policies, which allows to foresee how the territorial and urban policy must maintain certain principles, interacting simultaneously with tight and conflicting as is the European economic crisis contexts. Thus, the study is presen­ted as an analytical contribution to the current situation of the territorial policies of the European Union from a local approach, in order to make them available for discussion and debate in other regional contexts.

  15. Os subsídios à agricultura no comércio internacional: as políticas da União Europeia e dos Estados Unidos da América The agricultural subsidies in international trade: the policies adopted by the European Union and the United States of America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Marcelo Rodrigues Bruno

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a prática de subsídios à agricultura no comércio internacional, tendo como principal objetivo dimensionar a sua prática enquanto instrumento econômico estratégico para o setor agrícola, especialmente para os Estados Unidos e a União Europeia. Uma completa proibição dos subsídios não é desejável porque sua prática, em essência, constitui uma alternativa à busca do bem-estar social da nação. Contudo, a utilização dos subsídios agrícolas, na forma como vêm sendo praticados, constituem-se em intervenções de cunho protecionista que provocam distorções no comércio internacional. Sendo os Estados Unidos e a União Europeia as nações que mais os utilizam no comércio internacional, tem-se gerado preocupações sobre sua própria eficiência enquanto instrumento de política comercial estratégica para o comércio internacional.This study examines the practice of agricultural subsidies in international trade, aiming at scaling its practice as a strategic economic tool primarily for the agricultural sector, especially to the United States and the European Union. A complete ban on subsidies is not desirable because its practice, in essence, is a path to improve the welfare of the nation. However, the way the agricultural subsidies have been employed, constitute protectionist interventions that distort international trade. The United States and the European Union are the major users of this instrument in international trade, a factor that has raised concerns about their own efficiency as a strategic trade policy for international trade.

  16. Expressing epistemic stance in University lectures and TED talks: a contrastive corpu-based analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuditta Caliendo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – This study explores the web-mediated genre of TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design talks, speech events whereby experts in their field disseminate knowledge from different domains (e.g. science, technology, design, global issues addressing an audience of both co-present participants and web-users all over the world. The aim of this study is to investigate the way academics convey epistemic stance (Conrad, Biber 2000 and build up their image as experts on the TED stage. To this purpose, a contrastive analysis was carried out comparing two corpora of spoken discourse, i.e. a corpus of TED talks and a corpus of MICASE university lectures from different disciplines. Although in both genres the speaker is an academic, both the communicative purpose and audience expectations differ substantially in the two contexts under scrutiny. This comparison highlights some distinguishing traits of TED talks and provides a better insight into this genre. Adopting a corpus-based approach, attention is first paid to the most recurrent epistemic lexical verbs (ELVs and to the use of first and second person pronouns in the two corpora. The qualitative analysis then focuses on similarities and differences in the discourse functions of the four most frequent ELVs (see, show, know, think and of their clusters when they combine with first and second person pronouns in the two corpora. Previous studies in the field of English for Academic Purposes (Rounds 1987; Fortanet 2004; Walsh 2004; Artiga León 2006; Bamford 2009 are referred to as a starting point to investigate a novel, unexplored pragmatic space (i.e. that of TED wherein academics accomplish purposes other than merely disseminating knowledge and training students, such as promoting their research and building up their image as experts. Keywords: Languages for Special Purposes, popularization, web-mediated genres, evidentiality, epistemic stance  Abstract – I generi mediati dalla rete svolgono un

  17. UNI Astronomical Observatory - OAUNI: First light

    CERN Document Server

    Pereyra, Antonio; Meza, Erick; Cori, William; Ricra, José; Zevallos, Maria Isela

    2015-01-01

    We show the actual status of the project to implement the Astronomical Observatory of the National University of Engineering (OAUNI), including its first light. The OAUNI was installed with success at the site of the Huancayo Observatory on the peruvian central Andes. At this time, we are finishing the commissioning phase which includes the testing of all the instruments: optical tube, robotic mount, CCD camera, filter wheel, remote access system, etc. The first light gathered from a stellar field was very promissory. The next step will be to start the scientific programs and to bring support to the undergraduate courses in observational astronomy at the Faculty of Sciences of UNI.

  18. Unconventional superconductivity of the heavy fermion compound UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zakharov, Andrey

    2008-07-01

    The heavy fermion compound UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} exhibits the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic order at low temperatures, stimulating speculations about possible exotic Cooper-pairing interaction in this superconductor. However, the preparation of good quality bulk single crystals of UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} has proven to be a non-trivial task due to metallurgical problems, which result in the formation of an UAl{sub 2} impurity phase and hence a strongly reduced sample purity. The present work concentrates on the preparation, characterization and electronic properties investigation of UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} single crystalline thin film samples. The preparation of thin films was accomplished in a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) system. (100)-oriented epitaxial thin films of UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} were grown on single crystalline YAlO{sub 3} substrates cut in (010)- or (112)-direction. The high crystallographic quality of the samples was proved by several characterisation methods, such as X-ray analysis, RHEED and TEM. To study the magnetic structure of epitaxial thin films resonant magnetic X-ray scattering was employed. The magnetic order of thin the film samples, the formation of magnetic domains with different moment directions, and the magnetic correlation length were discussed. The electronic properties of the UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} thin films in the normal and superconducting states were investigated by means of transport measurements. A pronounced anisotropy of the temperature dependent resistivity {rho}(T) was observed. Moreover, it was found that the temperature of the resistive superconducting transition depends on the current direction, providing evidence for multiband superconductivity in UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3}. The initial slope of the upper critical field H'{sub c2}(T) of the thin film samples suggests an unconventional spin-singlet superconducting state, as opposed to bulk single crystal data. To probe the superconducting gap of UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3

  19. Cybersecurity: Europese Unie initiatieven voor een intrinsiek grensoverschrijdend fenomeen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lodder, A.R.; Toet, J.

    2013-01-01

    Het ontstaan van de Europese Unie valt samen met de opkomst van het internet. Net als de Europese Unie heeft het internet de afgelopen twintig jaar veel goeds gebracht, maar zijn er ook mindere kanten. Cybersecurity richt zich op de dreigingen die de veiligheid op internet aantasten. De Europese

  20. Kanada helilooja Ted Dawsoniga Pärnu orelifestivalilt Kristoferi festivalile Vilniuses / Sirje Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Sirje

    2006-01-01

    Kanada heliloojast Ted Dawsonist, sidemetsest Eestiga, tema vokaaltsükli "Andres Ehin Cycle" esiettekandest Pärnu orelifestivalil ja klaverikontserdi "Wisteria" Euroopa esiettekandest Vilniuses toimunud ning 28. augustil lõppenud kirikumuusika festivali "St Christophoruse Festival" lõppkontserdil. Klaverikontserdi esitasid Aleksandra Juozapenaite-Eesmaa ja festivali kammerorkester Donatas Katkuse juhatusel

  1. Kanada helilooja Ted Dawsoniga Pärnu orelifestivalilt Kristoferi festivalile Vilniuses / Sirje Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Sirje

    2006-01-01

    Kanada heliloojast Ted Dawsonist, sidemetsest Eestiga, tema vokaaltsükli "Andres Ehin Cycle" esiettekandest Pärnu orelifestivalil ja klaverikontserdi "Wisteria" Euroopa esiettekandest Vilniuses toimunud ning 28. augustil lõppenud kirikumuusika festivali "St Christophoruse Festival" lõppkontserdil. Klaverikontserdi esitasid Aleksandra Juozapenaite-Eesmaa ja festivali kammerorkester Donatas Katkuse juhatusel

  2. 2015 Copyright © 2015, CRISA Publications alCOHOl usE RElaTED ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    alCOHOl usE RElaTED INJuRy IN NORTHwEsT ETHIOpIa: ... 1College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia. 2Institute ... lence between inebriated young people. .... of poor school performance and school.

  3. Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Aged 12 to 14. The TEDS Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This report uses data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) for 2008 to provide information on the characteristics of youths aged 12 to 14 admitted to substance abuse treatment. In 2008, approximately 23,770 substance abuse treatment admissions were adolescents aged 12 to 14. The two most frequently reported primary substances of abuse among…

  4. Leveraging Automatic Speech Recognition Errors to Detect Challenging Speech Segments in TED Talks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaei, Maryam Sadat; Meshgi, Kourosh; Kawahara, Tatsuya

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the use of Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems to epitomize second language (L2) listeners' problems in perception of TED talks. ASR-generated transcripts of videos often involve recognition errors, which may indicate difficult segments for L2 listeners. This paper aims to discover the root-causes of the ASR errors…

  5. TEDS Base Station Power Amplifier using Low-Noise Envelope Tracking Power Supply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyerby, Mikkel Christian Wendelboe; Andersen, Michael A. E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper demonstrates a highly linear and efficient TETRA enhanced data service (TEDS) base-station RF power amplifier (RFPA). Based on the well-known combination of an envelope tracking (ET) power supply and a linear class-A/B RFPA, adequate adjacent channel power ratio (ACPR) and wideband noise...

  6. 德式优雅Uni_verso

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Universo来源于拉丁语Universus,意为整体,字宙.其最大的特色就是全系列。它不仅仅是由一个产品单纯组成家族系列.而是巧妙设计的模块化系列产品.其主要组成部分.木材与塑料可搭配不同框架构建丰富的产品系列。Uni_verso为使用者考虑每一处细节品质.其与全球知名化工品牌巴斯夫合作.共同创建最美、最优的材料品质。

  7. Effect of early treatment with transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (TEDS on pulmonary inflammation induced by bleomycin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laisa A. Santos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Bleomycin (B is an antineoplastic drug that has pulmonary fibrosis as a side effect. There are few experimental studies about the effects of physical therapy treatment in this case. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study rat lungs treated with B and precocious intervention by transcutaneous electrical diaphragmatic stimulation (TEDS. METHOD : Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (n=5: a control group (C; a stimulated group (TEDS; a group treated with a single dose of B (intratracheally, 2.5 mg/kg (B; and a group treated with B and electric stimulation (B + TEDS. After the B instillation, the electrical stimulation was applied for 7 days, for a duration of 20 minutes. Lung fragments were histologically processed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE and 8-isoprostane-PGF2α (8-iso-PGF2α. The density of the alveolar area was determined by planimetry, the inflammatory profile was defined by the number of cells, and the level of oxidative stress in the pulmonary tissue was evaluated by 8-iso-PGF2α. For statistical analysis of the data, the Shapiro-Wilk test was used, followed by a one-way ANOVA with the post-hoc Bonferroni test (p≤0.05. RESULTS : The B group exhibited a significant reduction in the area density, and the acute treatment with B + TEDS prevented this reduction. There were increased numbers of fibroblasts, leukocytes, and macrophages in the B group, as well as increased lipid peroxidation, which was observed only in this group. CONCLUSION : B promoted a reduction in the alveolar density area, thereby inducing the inflammatory process and increasing the production of free radicals. These effects were minimized by the application of TEDS at the initial treatment stage.

  8. Twins Early Development Study (TEDS): a genetically sensitive investigation of cognitive and behavioral development from childhood to young adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haworth, Claire M A; Davis, Oliver S P; Plomin, Robert

    2013-02-01

    The Twins Early Development Study (TEDS) is a large longitudinal sample of twins born in England and Wales between 1994 and 1996. The focus of TEDS has been on cognitive and behavioral development, including difficulties in the context of normal development. TEDS began when multiple births were identified from birth records and the families were invited to take part in the study; 16,810 pairs of twins were originally enrolled in TEDS. More than 10,000 of these twin pairs remain enrolled in the study to date. DNA has been collected for more than 7,000 pairs, and genome-wide genotyping data for two million DNA markers are available for 3,500 individuals. The TEDS families have taken part in studies when the twins were aged 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, and 16 years of age. Data collection is currently underway to assess the adult destinations of the twins as they move from school to university and the workplace. Between January 2012 and December 2014, all of the TEDS twins will turn 18, and the study will transition to an adult sample. TEDS represents an outstanding resource for investigating the developmental effects of genes and environments on complex quantitative traits from childhood to young adulthood and beyond.

  9. Magnetic anisotropy of single-crystalline UNi sub 2 Al sub 3

    CERN Document Server

    Suellow, S; Nieuwenhuys, G J; Mydosh, J A; Visser, A D; Mihalik, M; Menovsky, A A

    1997-01-01

    We report the magnetic field dependence of the dc susceptibility and resistivity in superconducting single crystals of the hexagonal heavy-fermion superconductor UNi sub 2 Al sub 3. From the susceptibility we derive a crystalline-electric-field scheme, which closely resembles that of UPd sub 2 Al sub 3. Furthermore, we examine the magnetic phase transition into the incommensurably ordered state at T sub N = 4.1 K and construct the magnetic phase diagram for the three crystallographic directions. While for fields B parallel to the a- or c-axis T sub N is monotonically lowered, this is not the case for B parallel b. Instead, here we find a field-induced magnetic transition into a, presumably, commensurate ordered magnetic state. We discuss our results on UNi sub 2 Al sub 3 in comparison to those for the related system UPd sub 2 Al sub 3. (author)

  10. 基于UniNet的对象概念研究%Object Concepts Research Based on UniNet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国富; 余鹏; 袁崇义

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses concepts on object from UniNet view and shows that there exists the flow of controlin object system except for exchanging of messages between objects. Meanwhile, the paper presents an independent mechanism of object communication separated from object that will result in a more general reuse of object. With helpof the control flow and the data flow, UniNet can describe not only the static features, but also the dynamic featuresof object system, which naturally solve the inheritance anomaly and the flow of data and control. In addition, based on UniNet specification, the object system can be verified easily and create the program code automatically.

  11. Faunistic analysis of the insects associated to sugar-cane production in transition area amazon rain forest – cerrado (palm jungle União region, state of Piauí – Brazil Análise faunística de insetos associados à cultura da cana-de-açúcar, em área de transição floresta amazônica – cerrado (mata de cocal, no município de União – Piauí – Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the project was to study the entomofauna associated to the sugar-cane commercial cultivation in União region, state of Piauí, Brazil. The insects were collected with light traps, model “Luiz de Queiroz” supplied with fluorescent lamps, ultraviolet, model F15 T8 BL posicioned in a height of 1,5m, at the geographic coordinates 21° 22’ 30” S and 48° 13’ 0” W. The traps were turned on at 18:00 and turned of 6:00 of the day after, from December, 2006 to December, 2007, coming down 52 samples. Weekly 287 species that were evaluated by using faunistic analysis of dominance, frequency, constancy and abundance, with 30 species distinguishing in these indexes. Astaena sp with 3.313 specimen collected in 44 from the 52 samples, Cyclocephala sp2 with 2415 collected in 51 from the 52 samples and Linepithema humile with 2299 in 18 samples.O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a entomofauna associada ao cultivo comercial de cana-de-açúcar, no município de União, Estado do Piauí. Os insetos foram coletados com armadilha luminosa, modelo “Luiz de Queiroz”, provida de lâmpada F 15 T 8 BL. As coletas foram realizadas uma vez por semana, com a armadilha sendo ligada às 18:00 horas e desligada às 6:00 horas do dia seguinte, no período de dezembro de 2006 a dezembro de 2007, totalizando 52 coletas. Foram coletadas 287 espécies, submetidas à análise faunística de dominância, freqüência, abundância e constância, com 30 espécies se sobressaindo nestes índices. Astaena sp, apresentando 3.313 indivíduos, coletados em 44 das 52 coletas, Cyclocephala sp2 com 2.415 coletados em 51 das 52 e Linepithema humile com 2.299 presentes em 18 coletas.

  12. Direct imaging of ER calcium with targeted-esterase induced dye loading (TED).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samtleben, Samira; Jaepel, Juliane; Fecher, Caroline; Andreska, Thomas; Rehberg, Markus; Blum, Robert

    2013-05-07

    Visualization of calcium dynamics is important to understand the role of calcium in cell physiology. To examine calcium dynamics, synthetic fluorescent Ca(2+) indictors have become popular. Here we demonstrate TED (= targeted-esterase induced dye loading), a method to improve the release of Ca(2+) indicator dyes in the ER lumen of different cell types. To date, TED was used in cell lines, glial cells, and neurons in vitro. TED bases on efficient, recombinant targeting of a high carboxylesterase activity to the ER lumen using vector-constructs that express Carboxylesterases (CES). The latest TED vectors contain a core element of CES2 fused to a red fluorescent protein, thus enabling simultaneous two-color imaging. The dynamics of free calcium in the ER are imaged in one color, while the corresponding ER structure appears in red. At the beginning of the procedure, cells are transduced with a lentivirus. Subsequently, the infected cells are seeded on coverslips to finally enable live cell imaging. Then, living cells are incubated with the acetoxymethyl ester (AM-ester) form of low-affinity Ca(2+) indicators, for instance Fluo5N-AM, Mag-Fluo4-AM, or Mag-Fura2-AM. The esterase activity in the ER cleaves off hydrophobic side chains from the AM form of the Ca(2+) indicator and a hydrophilic fluorescent dye/Ca(2+) complex is formed and trapped in the ER lumen. After dye loading, the cells are analyzed at an inverted confocal laser scanning microscope. Cells are continuously perfused with Ringer-like solutions and the ER calcium dynamics are directly visualized by time-lapse imaging. Calcium release from the ER is identified by a decrease in fluorescence intensity in regions of interest, whereas the refilling of the ER calcium store produces an increase in fluorescence intensity. Finally, the change in fluorescent intensity over time is determined by calculation of ΔF/F0.

  13. Stance in TED talks: Strategic use of subjective adjectives in online popularisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Scotto di Carlo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses “stance” in TED (Technology, Entertainment, Design talks, which are popularising speeches aiming at knowledge dissemination. Based on a corpus of the TED talks presented between 2006 and 2012, this study focuses on how the speakers express judgments and take up positions through subjective adjectives. Drawing upon Kerbat-Orecchioni (1980 and Felices Lago’s (1997 adjective classifications, the quantitative and qualitative study attempts to analyse the use of axiological evaluative adjectives, which are fully subjective, as they imply a qualitative evaluation adding a judgement to the modified noun. It has been noticed that TEDsters use vivid, descriptive subjective adjectives to establish a connection with the audience, which perceives a sense of similarity with the speaker. Like traditional scientific presentations, TED talks use adjectives conveying the relevance of their findings, while they distinguish themselves for the role given to aesthetic and emotional adjectives, practicality and veracity, also including the moral, political, and economic aspects involved in science. The work suggests that maybe TEDsters’ approach to science might possibly contribute to breach the expert/non expert barrier, considering science not as something distant, but as a human experience for both laypersons and professionals.

  14. UniNet Description of Dining Philosopher Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Zhuomin; HE Yanxiang; ZHOU Guofu

    2007-01-01

    The UniNet specification of Dining Philosopher Problem we presents not only is graphic and intuitionistic but also explicitly indicates the static semantics and the dynamic semantics.In the specification, the static properties are the recorder of the dynamic properties, and the dynamic properties are the track of the static properties change. Accordingly, Dining Philosopher Problem is formally verified by UniNet. Furthermore, the procedure of properties' verification is implemented through the graphic-related computing style.

  15. Uni10: an open-source library for tensor network algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Ying-Jer; Hsieh, Yun-Da; Chen, Pochung

    2015-09-01

    We present an object-oriented open-source library for developing tensor network algorithms written in C++ called Uni10. With Uni10, users can build a symmetric tensor from a collection of bonds, while the bonds are constructed from a list of quantum numbers associated with different quantum states. It is easy to label and permute the indices of the tensors and access a block associated with a particular quantum number. Furthermore a network class is used to describe arbitrary tensor network structure and to perform network contractions efficiently. We give an overview of the basic structure of the library and the hierarchy of the classes. We present examples of the construction of a spin-1 Heisenberg Hamiltonian and the implementation of the tensor renormalization group algorithm to illustrate the basic usage of the library. The library described here is particularly well suited to explore and fast prototype novel tensor network algorithms and to implement highly efficient codes for existing algorithms.

  16. Reflexiones sobre una unión fracasada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John H. Elliott

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años hemos sido testigos de un cambio de tendencia con respecto al estado-nación como tema central de la historia política europea. Al mismo tiempo, hemos presenciado un creciente interés en las «monarquías compuestas» como entidades políticas importantes en la Europa de la Edad Moderna. La historiografía portuguesa, con un sólid oénfasis en la historia de Portugal como nación independiente, se ha inclinado a considerar los años entre 1580 y 164 0como un desafortunado episodio dentro de la historia nacional, concentrándose especialmente en aquellos aspectos del período de la Unión de las Coronas que parecían presagiar la recuperación de la independencia, como si éste desenlace hubiese sido más o menos inevitable. El propósito de este artículo es el de equilibrar la balanza mediante el análisis de la naturaleza de la Unión y las consecuencias, tanto positivas como negativas, de la incorporación de Portugal a la Monarquía Hispánica, concluyendo con una disquisición especulativa sobre la supuesta inevitabilidad de la ruptura con la España de Felipe IV en 1640.Recent years have seen a move away from the tendency to make the rise of the nation state the central theme of European political history, and a growing interest in «composite monarchies» as important political entities in early modern Europe. Portuguese historiography, with its heavy emphasis on the history of Portugal as an independent nation, has tended to regard the years 1580-1640 as an unfortunate interlude in the national story, and has concentrated in particular on those aspects of the period of the Union of the Crowns which seem to look forward to the recovery of independence as a more or less inevitable development. This essay seeks to redress the balance by examining the nature of the Union and the consequences, positive as well as negative, of Portugal’s incorporation into the Spanish Monarchy, and ends by speculating on the assumed

  17. Évolution des relations entre État et cinéma au Royaume-Uni (1979-2005 The State and the Cinema in the United Kingdom: Evolving Relationships (1979-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Tirtaine

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A government can adopt two different stances regarding its domestic film industry. It may choose to support and protect it because of its cultural remit – or it may treat it like any other industry and adopt a laissez-faire attitude and let market forces determine its fate. The latter stance was adopted by the Thatcher government, which abolished the support system and protectionist measures from which British film had benefited for decades and granted it only few subsidies. The government severed almost all the existing links between the film industry and the State. These non-interventionist policies undoubtedly contributed to the dramatic drop in the number of British films produced and the chronic difficulties which the film industry experienced in the 1980s. The relationships between the government and the film industry have since changed considerably. The creation of the Film Council and the existence of a Film Minister within the government have definitely contributed to reinstating a dialogue between the industry and the government. State support in favour of film has increased dramatically in the past decade, with the introduction of tax incentives and new subsidies, which mostly derive from National Lottery revenues. The State’s investment in film is thus mainly indirect and it is clear that the government, by supporting British cinema, has in mind not only its contribution to the country’s culture but also to its economy. By changing the legal definition of a British film in order to entice into the UK foreign investors who want to benefit from attractive tax incentives, the government triggered an increase in the number of co-productions and foreign films shot in the UK – at the risk of undermining the identity of British cinema, and thus, the country’s culture.

  18. Hungría en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    István Szilágyi

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se ocupa de las cuestiones de la adhesión húngara y de los países de Europa del Este a la Unión Europea. Examina los antecedentes, las condiciones y circunstancias exteriores e interiores y los efectos y consecuencias del proceso de la quinta ampliación de la Unión Europea. Analiza los cambios político-constitucionales e institucionales húngaros y demuestra el proceso de adaptación y de desarrollo del sistema estatal, regional y de administración pública a los requisitos de la Unión Europea. El trabajo también describe detalladamente las reformas institucionales de la integración europea.___________ABSTRACT:The article deals with the issues of Hungarian membership of Eastern European countries to the European Union. It examines the background, conditions and external and internal circumstances and the effects and consequences of the process of the fifth enlargement of the European Union. It analyzes the Hungarians political and constitutional and institutional changes and demonstrates the process of adaptation and development of the state system, regional government to the European Union requirements. The work also details the institutional reforms of European integration.

  19. Pessoas com deficiência no mercado de trabalho: considerações sobre políticas públicas nos Estados Unidos, União Europeia e Brasil People with disabilities in the labor market: issues related to public policies in United States, European Union and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marileide Antunes de Oliveira

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, discussões a respeito da construção de uma sociedade inclusiva, ou seja, responsiva às diferenças, têm ocorrido em diversos países. De acordo com os princípios da inclusão social, a participação das pessoas com deficiência na sociedade depende de profundas transformações, cabendo à sociedade prover os suportes necessários para que esses indivíduos tenham acesso a todos os recursos disponíveis no meio social e, além disso, ao convívio de maneira não-segregada. Uma questão importante, nesse sentido, é a elaboração de políticas públicas no âmbito do trabalho voltadas para pessoas com deficiência. Embora o acesso ao trabalho seja considerado um dos principais direitos civis dos indivíduos, as pessoas com deficiência ainda encontram diversas barreiras para ingressar no mercado profissional. Partindo dessas afirmações, este artigo teve como objetivo discutir alguns dos principais aspectos das políticas de emprego adotadas nos Estados Unidos, na União Europeia e no Brasil para favorecer a inserção desses indivíduos no mercado de trabalho. Para tanto, três documentos legais, sendo um Nacional, um procedente dos Estados Unidos e outro, da União Europeia, foram analisados quanto aos itens: a ano de publicação do documento; b objetivos; c definição de deficiência; e d estratégias de inserção da pessoa com deficiência no mercado de trabalho. A partir das considerações realizadas, pode-se dizer que existem avanços e divergências nas políticas de emprego e que estas estão relacionadas às particularidades de cada um dos contextos; no entanto, existe uma preocupação comum em garantir à pessoa com deficiência o ingresso na atividade profissional.Currently, discussions related to the building of an inclusive society, i.e., sensitive to diversities, have been occurring in many countries. According to the principles of social inclusion, the participation in society of people with disabilities

  20. UniNet Description of Program%程序属性的UniNet描述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国富; 余鹏; 袁崇义; 屈婉玲

    2003-01-01

    在传统建模方法中,程序操作和程序自我控制相脱离,使得程序的计算与并行特性不能形成完整的一致性的描述,因此形成的规范都只是从某一个角度来刻画了程序.为克服这些不足,本文在揭示程序状态与操作,操作与控制共存的事实的基础上,采用UniNet独特的描述方法来完整而全面地刻画程序.

  1. The Baltic States and their «return to Europe» : from the break with the USSR to integration into the European Union and NATO | El «retorno a Europa» de los Países Bálticos : de la ruptura con la URSS a la integración en la Unión Europea y la Alianza Atlántica del siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo A. Pérez Sánchez

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Between August and September 1991, the Baltic States forced their break with the USSR, just a few months before the latter disintegrated. From that moment on, the recovery of national independence and sovereignty – first established during the inter-war period only to be thwarted by the pact between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 – as well as the consolidation of democracy, the rule of law and a market economy, were given impetus by their desire to join the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. After more than a decade of major transformations, both political and socio-economic in nature, the three Baltic States – Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia – have successfully achieved the two fundamental prerequisites for a future of peace, liberty, prosperity and security in the twenty-first century: their «return to Europe» as members of the European Union and their link with the Euro-Atlantic military alliance as members of NATO. | Entre agosto y septiembre de 1991, los Países Bálticos forzaron su ruptura con la Unión Soviética, pocos meses antes de que ésta se desintegrara totalmente. A partir de ese momento, la recuperación de su independencia y soberanía nacional -fraguada por primera vez en la época de entreguerras y frustrada por el pacto germano-soviético de 1939-, así como la consolidación de la democracia y el Estado de Derecho y la economía social de mercado, fue de la mano de su aspiración de integración en la Unión Europea y en la Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte. Después de más de una década de grandes transformaciones, tanto políticas como socioeconómicas, los tres Países Bálticos -Lituania, Estonia y Letonia- han logrado cumplir con éxito aquellos dos objetivos fundamentales para su futuro en paz, libertad, prosperidad y seguridad en el siglo XXI: el «retorno a Europa» en el marco de la Unión Europea y su vinculazión a la alianza militar euroatlántica dentro de la

  2. Using the TED Talks to Evaluate Spoken Post-editing of Machine Translation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liyanapathirana, Jeevanthi; Popescu-Belis, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a solution to evaluate spoken post-editing of imperfect machine translation output by a human translator. We compare two approaches to the combination of machine translation (MT) and automatic speech recognition (ASR): a heuristic algorithm and a machine learning method....... To obtain a data set with spoken post-editing information, we use the French version of TED talks as the source texts submitted to MT, and the spoken English counterparts as their corrections, which are submitted to an ASR system. We experiment with various levels of artificial ASR noise and also...

  3. The integrated management for UNI and NMI in ASON

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Wei; Hu, Weisheng; Jin, Yaohui

    2005-02-01

    The ASON is a typical client-server network model. Via explicit interfaces between client network and server network, the client users, including UNI-C and NMS, can create an Optical Layer Connection with three schemes. This may arise the problems such as concurrency due to simultaneously accessing the same resources from UNI and NMI. This paper proposes an approach of a middleware component using CORBA-based product. The middleware component performs to define the ownership and access rules for network resources and prove global network topology and status of the network resources to the client users. It screens the difference between NMI-T, NMI-A and UNI and shields the detail of the ASON network protocols. The standardized IDL interfaces ensure that ASON products from different vendors or employing different technologies can interoperate at the common intermediate plane level and make the implementation of the management functions more simply and efficiently.

  4. Unión Europea : el precio de la libertad

    OpenAIRE

    Vilalta París, Anna

    2016-01-01

    "Unió Europea: el preu de la llibertat" és un projecte per la realització d'un reportatge escrit sobre les accions que ha tingut la Unió Europea en la gestió de l'arribada de refugiats durant el 2015 i part de 2016 arran del conflicte de Síria. El reportatge vol donar els punts clau de la incapacitat d'avançar cap a la creació d'una política europea de migració i asil a nivell europeu. "Unión Europea: el precio de la libertad" es un proyecto para la realización de un reportaje escrito sobr...

  5. Simulation and Optimization of Natural Gas Treatment Process Based on UniSim%基于UniSim的天然气处理过程流程模拟与优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐宝昌; 叶昌燕

    2013-01-01

    UniSim软件模拟系统中,对某天然气处理过程进行流程模拟,搭建天然气处理系统稳态模型,并在此基础上,以最小化能耗为目标,进行操作参数优化.结果表明:UniSim具有良好的模拟环境,能够得到准确的天然气处理系统的稳态模型.基于所建稳态模型的操作参数优化,使全装置能耗降低了6%,每年平均成本节约了48.5万元.%In UniSim system,the natural gas treatment process was simulated and steady-state model for this treatment process was built,and then based on this model,the system operating parameter were optimized.The results indicate that the UniSim has better simulation environment in setting up natural gas' s accurate steadystate model;and the operating parameter optimization can reduce energy cost by 6% and improve economic benefits dramatically with a cost saving of ¥ 485,000 per year.

  6. Perfil de mercado Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Calderon Diaz, Camilo Andres; Estrada Lopez, Maria Alejandra; Martinez Felizola, Ana Elena; Melo Archila, Christian Danilo; Parra Merino, Nataly Andrea; Hernandez Ojeda, Angela Patricia

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación, está encaminado al análisis de las oportunidades para hacer negocios internacionales con países de la Unión Europea, mercado que en la actualidad no ha sido explorado lo suficiente por los empresarios colombianos. Es a partir de esto, donde surge la necesidad de realizar la siguiente investigación buscando mostrar a la Unión Europea como un bloque comercial importante que permite a Colombia beneficiarse de los acuerdos comerciales existentes. En este s...

  7. Proposed baseline text for UNI 4.0 security addendum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tarman, T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Cherukuri, R.; Peyravian, M. [IBM Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    1997-02-01

    This document specifies signaling procedures required to support security services in the Phase I ATM Security Specification. These signaling procedures are in addition to those described in UNI 4.0 Signaling. When establishing point-to-point and point-to-multipoint calls, the call control procedures described in the ATM Forum UNI 4.0 Signaling apply. This document describes the additional information elements and procedures necessary to support security services. This description is in an incremental form with differences from the point-to-point and point-to-multipoint calls with respect to messages, information elements, and signaling procedures.

  8. The United States Vis-a-Vis Peru: A Strategy for Defeating Their Communist Insurgency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-13

    43.Ev OF "VDNGI5PONSOFNG ft OFF SLczt PROuMAIENT BMSAIDENT M MMI IL ADM $$ KAY . a W C*COW 10SNC OF FUO MMS t1. TITLE P’cA* SocwN Coawfte’t The Uni ted...at the National University of San Cristobal de Huamanga in Ayacucho, Guzman has been the primary force behind the movement’s ideological development

  9. Clinical Results After Prostatic Artery Embolization Using the PErFecTED Technique: A Single-Center Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amouyal, Gregory, E-mail: gregamouyal@hotmail.com; Thiounn, Nicolas, E-mail: nicolas.thiounn@aphp.fr; Pellerin, Olivier, E-mail: olivier.pellerin@aphp.fr [Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne - Paris - Cité, Faculté de Médecine (France); Yen-Ting, Lin, E-mail: ymerically@gmail.com [Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Interventional Radiology Department (France); Giudice, Costantino Del, E-mail: costantino.delgiudice@aphp.fr [Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne - Paris - Cité, Faculté de Médecine (France); Dean, Carole, E-mail: carole.dean@aphp.fr [Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Interventional Radiology Department (France); Pereira, Helena, E-mail: helena.pereira@aphp.fr [Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Clinical Research Unit (France); Chatellier, Gilles, E-mail: gilles.chatellier@aphp.fr; Sapoval, Marc, E-mail: marc.sapoval2@aphp.fr [Université Paris Descartes - Sorbonne - Paris - Cité, Faculté de Médecine (France)

    2016-03-15

    BackgroundProstatic artery embolization (PAE) has been performed for a few years, but there is no report on PAE using the PErFecTED technique outside from the team that initiated this approach.ObjectiveThis single-center retrospective open label study reports our experience and clinical results on patients suffering from symptomatic BPH, who underwent PAE aiming at using the PErFecTED technique.Materials and MethodsWe treated 32 consecutive patients, mean age 65 (52–84 years old) between December 2013 and January 2015. Patients were referred for PAE after failure of medical treatment and refusal or contra-indication to surgery. They were treated using the PErFecTED technique, when feasible, with 300–500 µm calibrated microspheres (two-night hospital stay or outpatient procedure). Follow-up was performed at 3, 6, and 12 months.ResultsWe had a 100 % immediate technical success of embolization (68 % of feasibility of the PErFecTED technique) with no immediate complications. After a mean follow-up of 7.7 months, we observed a 78 % rate of clinical success. Mean IPSS decreased from 15.3 to 4.2 (p = .03), mean QoL from 5.4 to 2 (p = .03), mean Qmax increased from 9.2 to 19.2 (p = .25), mean prostatic volume decreased from 91 to 62 (p = .009) mL. There was no retrograde ejaculation and no major complication.ConclusionPAE using the PErFecTED technique is a safe and efficient technique to treat bothersome LUTS related to BPH. It is of interest to note that the PErFecTED technique cannot be performed in some cases for anatomical reasons.

  10. IFRSs in de Europese Unie : Een paard van Troje?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vergoossen, R.G.A.

    2007-01-01

    De regelgeving rondom de externe financiële verslaggeving van ondernemingen is ingrijpend veranderd. De veranderingen houden vooral verband met het van kracht worden van de International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) voor het beursgenoteerde bedrijfsleven in de Europese Unie. De introductie

  11. Wave groups in uni-directional surface-wave models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groesen, van E.

    1998-01-01

    Uni-directional wave models are used to study wave groups that appear in wave tanks of hydrodynamic laboratories; characteristic for waves in such tanks is that the wave length is rather small, comparable to the depth of the layer. In second-order theory, the resulting Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) eq

  12. A União Bancária resolve?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Cunha Rodrigues

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo corresponde ao texto da intervenção realizada no dia 26 de janeiro de 2016, na Faculdade de Direito de Lisboa, na conferência organizada pelo IDEFF e pelo Instituto Europeu subordinada ao tema “O Sistema Financeiro Português”. Partindo da análise dos três pilares da união bancária, o artigo reflete sobre a resolução de dois bancos em Portugal – o BES (Novo Banco e o BANIF – bem como sobre o surgimento daquela união no contexto da crise financeira, concluindo que, sem uma verdadeira união económica e monetária, ainda por concretizar, a união bancária não permitirá resolver alguns dos problemas estruturais da União Europeia. | "Does the Banking Union solve?" The article is the text of the speech held on January 26, 2016, at the Law School of Lisbon, at the conference organized by IDEFF and the European Institute entitled "The Portuguese financial system." Based on the analysis of the three pillars of the banking union, the article reflects on the resolution of two banks in Portugal - BES (Novo Banco and BANIF - as well as the emergence of the banking union in the context of the financial crisis, concluding that without true economic and monetary union, yet to be achieved, the banking union will not be able to solve some of the structural problems of the European Union.

  13. Governar o estado para a participação de entidades privadas na provisão, financiamento e gestão dos sistemas educativos na União Europeia Governing the State for the involvement of private commercial and non-commercial entities in the provision, financing and management of education systems in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clementina Marques Cardoso

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available A participação de entidades privadas comerciais¹ e não-comerciais na gestão, financiamento, provisão, avaliação e inspecção da educação na União Europeia é consolidada através de parcerias, contratação directa, criação de serviços paralelos. Essa consolidação é mediada pelas condições histórico-político-económicas de cada país e o seu quadro de acção distingue-se das regras de decisão pública. As funções do Estado e o papel do governo alteram-se para acompanhar e estimular essa participação e os efeitos desta alteração são vísiveis ao nível das regras da gestão, administração, financiamento e actividade reguladora que se reconfiguram como consequência da redefinição dos mecanismos de financiamento e do que se entende por autonomia escolar.The involvement of private commercial and noncommercial entities in the management, financing, provision, assessment and inspection of education in the European Union is consolidating through partnerships and commercial contracts and the creation of parallel services. This consolidation is mediated by each country's historical-political-economic conditions and its framework of action is different from public decision-making rules. The functions of the state and the role of governments are changing to follow and to stimulate such involvement. The effects of such changes can be seen in the rules of management, administration, financing and regulatory activities, which that are reconfigured by the redefinition of financing mechanisms and by what is understood to be school autonomy.

  14. Organisation of biological research carried out in the United States by the A.E.C. or under her contract (1960); Organisation des recherches biologiques menees aux Etats-Unis par l'A.E.C. ou sous son egide. Compte-rendu sommaire d'une mission d'etude (1960)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pellerin, J. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1960-07-01

    This report is based on information gathered in the course of a trip to the United States, in November and December 1958 which consisted chiefly of visits to the main biological and medical research laboratories and discussions with the heads of these establishments. A description is given of the general organisation of the Atomic Energy Commission's Division of Biology and Medicine, and of the distribution of responsibility for radiation protection work and for biological, medical and agricultural research amongst the various Services attached to it; this is followed by a more detailed account of the activities carried on in this field at the great national laboratories. Finally, the systems of collaboration set up with external research organisations in the form of research contracts are examined, together with the substantial help provided by the A.E.C. for biological, medical and agricultural research in general, owing to a systematic policy of subsidising the distribution of radioisotopes for this purpose. (author) [French] Le present rapport a ete etabli sur la base des renseignements recueillis au cours d'un voyage d'etude aux Etats-Unis, en novembre et decembre 1958, comportant notamment la visite des principaux laboratoires de recherche biologique et medicale et des entretiens avec les principaux responsables de ces laboratoires. Apres une description de l'organisation generale de la 'Division of Biology and Medicine' de l'Atomic Energy Commission et de la repartition entre les divers Services qui lui sont rattaches des responsabilites concernant la protection contre les radiations et la Recherche biologique, medicale et agronomique, des indications plus detaillees sont donnees au sujet des activites poursuivies dans ce domaine au sein des grands laboratoires nationaux. Sont examinees enfin, l'importance et les modalites de la collaboration instituee avec les Organismes de Recherche exterieurs sous la forme de

  15. Effect of uni- and biaxial strain on phase transformations in Fe thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sak-Saracino, Emilia; Urbassek, Herbert M.

    2016-01-01

    Using molecular-dynamics simulation, we study the phase transformations in Fe thin films induced by uni- and biaxial strain. Both the austenitic transformation of a body-centered cubic (bcc) film at the equilibrium temperature of the face-centered cubic (fcc)-bcc transformation and the martensitic transformation of an undercooled fcc film are studied. We demonstrate that different strain states (uni- or biaxial) induce different nucleation kinetics of the new phase and hence different microstructures evolve. For the case of the austenitic transformation, the direction of the applied strain selects the orientation of the nucleated grains of the new phase; the application of biaxial strain leads to a symmetric twinned structure. For the martensitic transformation, the influence of the strain state is even more pronounced, in that it can either inhibit the transformation, induce the homogeneous nucleation of a fine-dispersed array of the new phase resulting in a single-crystalline final state, or lead to the more conventional mechanism of heterogeneous nucleation of grains at the free surfaces, which grow and result in a poly-crystalline microstructure of the transformed material.

  16. The Effect of Teacher Education Programs on Future Elementary Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge: A Five-Country Analysis Using TEDS-M Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Hong; Youngs, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses the problem of how opportunities to learn in teacher education programs influence future elementary mathematics teachers' knowledge. This study used data collected for the Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M). TEDS-M measured the mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and the mathematics pedagogical…

  17. TEDS-M Encyclopedia: A Guide to Teacher Education Context, Structure, and Quality Assurance in 17 Countries. Findings from the IEA Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwille, John, Ed.; Ingvarson, Lawrence, Ed.; Holdgreve-Resendez, Richard, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The IEA Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M) is the first large-scale international study of the preparation of primary and lower-secondary teachers. The study investigated the pedagogical and subject-specific knowledge that future primary and lower secondary school teachers acquire during their mathematics teacher…

  18. Phenomenology and Curriculum Implementation: Discerning a Living Curriculum through the Analysis of Ted Aoki's Situational Praxis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrini, James M.

    2015-01-01

    The argumentation in this paper is grounded in a critical and conceptual analysis of Ted Aoki's phenomenology, wherein curriculum is read as "phenomenological text." The problem explored emerges from Aoki's critique of the Tyler rationale for curriculum design, implementation and evaluation as it is conceived and practised in…

  19. Design, Integration, and Quality. Teacher Education from the perspective of ProTed, a Norwegian Centre of Excellence in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jon Magne Vestøl

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i utviklingsarbeid i ProTed, Senter for fremragende lærer­utdanning, og bidrar til å belyse tre begreper av sentral betydning for utforming, utvikling og evaluering av lærerutdanning. Basert på teoriseminarer, strukturerte rapporter og annet empirisk materiale fra ProTeds utviklings­prosjekter presenterer artikkelen tre hovedbegrep: design, integrasjon og kvalitet. Design presenteres som en virksomhet, en dynamisk kompe­tanse­utvikling hvor undervisning transformeres til læring. Kunnskapsintegrasjon forstås som et kjerne-element i et slikt design, og artikkelen utforsker ulike former for integrasjon. Artikkelen presenterer også et perspektiv på kvalitetsvurdering som legger vekt på performa­tive og transformative aspekt ved den kompetanse­utviklingen som genereres gjennom design-virksomheten.Nøkkelord: lærerutdanning, design, integrasjon, kvalitet, ProTedAbstractDrawing on the developmental work of ProTed, a Norwegian Centre of Excellence in Edu­cation, this article contributes to the understanding of three concepts of central importance for the construction, development and evaluation of teacher education. Based on material from theory seminars, structured reports and other data from ProTed’s development projects, the article presents an understanding of the concepts design, integration and quality. Design is presented as an activity, a dynamic competence development where teaching is transformed into learning. Knowledge integration is understood as a core element of this design, and different forms and aspects of integration are explored. An understanding of quality evalu­ation is presented that emphasises performative and transformative aspects of the competence development that is generated through the design activity.Keywords: teacher education, design, integration, quality, ProTed

  20. Uni-axial compaction of a granular material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morland, L. W.; Sawicki, A.; Milne, P. C.

    1993-11-01

    S HEARING OF GRANULAR materials causes rearrangement of the granular structure which induces irreversible volume decrease and shear strain, in addition to reversible strain. The model adopted describes the reversible compression and shear by hypoelastic laws, and the irreversible compaction and shear by evolutionary laws. The latter are differential relations defining the progress of irreversible strain as an appropriate time-independent monotonie loading parameter increases, which incorporate dependence on the current state, and which prescribe a direction for the irreversible shear strain increment. The model is described by four material functions and two material constants, and has been shown to determine valid initial response to applied shear stress. We apply the model to the compaction of a granular material in uni-axial strain, which is described by two simultaneous differential equations for the axial stress and compaction with the axial strain as independent variable, together with algebraic relations for the pressure and lateral stress. The equation forms for loading-increasing axial stress—and unloading—decreasing axial stress-are distinct. Reformulation as differential equations for the pressure and the principal stress difference shows that the pressure derivative depends only on two of the material functions and one constant. The axial strain and lateral stress measured during a complete load-unload cycle on a sand determine the pressure and stress difference derivatives which are correlated directly with the model differential relations. Two material functions and one constant are determined by an optimization procedure from the complete loadunload ressure data, then the remaining two functions and constant from the stress difference data. Solution of the resulting model differential equations reproduces accurately the axial strain and lateral stress variations during the experimental loading cycle. In addition, model predictions for load

  1. UNI-SPEC:An Instruction Set Description Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dexin(朱德新); Cheng Xu; Song Chuanhua

    2003-01-01

    Microprocessor development emphasizes hardware and software co-design. Hw/Sw co-design is a modern technique aimed at shortening the time-to-market in designing the real-time and embedded systems. Key feature of this approach is simultaneous development of the program tools and the target processor to match software application. An effective co-design flow must therefore support automatic software toolkits generation, without loss of optimizing efficiency. This has resulted in a paradigm shift towards a language-based design methodology for microprocessor optimization and exploration. This paper proposes a formal grammar, UNI-SPEC, which supports the automatic generation of assemblers, to describe the translation rules from assembly to binary. Based on UNI-SPEC, it implements two typical applications, i.e., automatically generating the assembler and the test suites.

  2. Temas de Física para Ingeniería: El diodo de unión

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Pastor Antón, Carlos; Martín García, Agapito

    1990-01-01

    La unión pn en equilibrio. La unión pn polarizada. Corriente de electrones y huecos en un diodo de unión. Características tensión-corriente en un diodo de unión. El diodo como rectificador. Diodo Zéner y diodo túnel.

  3. Comparativa de las Ingestas Dietéticas de Referencia (IDR de los diferentes países de la Unión Europea, de Estados Unidos (EEUU y de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS Comparison of dietary reference intakes (DRI between different countries of the European Union, The United States and the World Health Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Cuervo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: En España, existen varios organismos y sociedades científicas que han editado sus propios de valores de referencia sobre la ingesta recomendada de nutrientes, que no siempre coinciden en los contenidos y formas presentadas. Objetivo: Revisar los conceptos, datos y la metodología que han seguido otros países o grupos de países para obtener y documentar sus propios Valores de Referencia, con objeto de ofrecer una información básica que facilite el establecimiento de los valores de referencia que mejor puedan adaptarse a la población española, en base a la mejor evidencia científica disponible en la actualidad. Ámbito: Revisión de la información disponible en los distintos países (o grupos de países de la Unión Europea, Estados Unidos y la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Los datos estudiados corresponden a poblaciones sanas. Conclusiones: Las ingestas de referencia difieren notablemente entre los distintos países estudiados en cuanto a grupos de población, tipo de nutrientes incluidos, metodología y periodicidad de las revisiones publicadas. Sin embargo, la mayoría definen de manera semejante los conceptos más importantes, aunque tengan distintas denominaciones en cada país. Por otro lado, en la mayoría de los casos estudiados existe un único organismo científico encargado de la publicación y actualización de los valores de ingestas dietéticas de referencia, no siendo así en España. En este contexto, parece conveniente alcanzar un acuerdo entre todos los organismos y sociedades científicas españolas implicadas en esta tarea, con objeto de establecer unos valores de referencia únicos para todo el país, con el consenso de todos.Background: In Spain, there are some organizations and scientific societies that have edited reference values of recommended nutrient intake, but whose data does not always agree in terms of format and content. Aims: To review the definitions, data and methodology that other

  4. OnlineTED.com--a novel web-based audience response system for higher education. A pilot study to evaluate user acceptance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kühbeck, Felizian; Engelhardt, Stefan; Sarikas, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Hintergrund und Ziel: TED-Abstimmungssysteme werden zunehmend in der medizinischen Ausbildung an Hochschulen eingesetzt. Jedoch limitieren hohe Kosten und Komplexität herkömmlicher TED-Systeme häufig deren Anwendung. In diesem Projektartikel stellen wir ein neues webbasiertes TED-System vor, das keine Hardware-Klicker oder Installation zusätzlicher Software erfordert und mit allen Betriebssystemen kompatibel ist.Methoden und Ergebnisse: “OnlineTED” wurde an der Technischen Universität München (TUM) entwickelt und basiert auf Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) mit My Structured Query Language (MySQL)-Datenbank als serverseitige und Javascript als nutzerseitige Programmiersprachen. “OnlineTED” ermöglicht es Dozenten, Fragensammlungen online zu erstellen, verwalten und in der Lehrveranstaltung mit einem Webbrowser anzuzeigen. Studierende können mit jedem internetfähigen Endgerät (Smartphone, Tablet-PC oder Laptop) an der Abstimmung teilnehmen. Eine Datenerhebung mit Hilfe eines Fragebogens, der Studierenden und Dozenten der TUM ausgehändigt wurde, enthielt Fragen zum Besitz von internetfähigen Endgeräten, der Akzeptanzmessung von "OnlineTED" sowie dem Vergleich von "OnlineTED" mit einem kommerziellen TED-System mit Klickern. Die Nutzerevaluationen von Studierenden und Dozenten ergab eine überdurchschnittlich positive Beurteilung von “OnlineTED” im Vergleich zum kommerziellen TED-System mit Klickern. Die Mehrheit (80%) der befragten Studierenden gab an, ein internetfähiges Endgerät zu besitzen.Zusammenfassung und Schlussfolgerungen: “OnlineTED” ist ein neues, webbasiertes und plattformunabhängiges TED-Abstimmungssystem für Hochschulen, das von Studenten und Dozenten überdurchschnittlich positiv evaluiert wurde. Als nicht-kommerzielle Alternative zu herkömmlichen TED-Systemen unterstützt es die interaktive Ausbildung von Studierenden, insbesondere bei großen Teilnehmerzahlen.

  5. Literature in Focus: Engines of Discovery Meet the author Ted Wilson

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Ted Wilson is a world-renowned expert on particle accelerators and a brilliant speaker. He came to CERN in 1967, where he worked on the SPS and collaborated closely with John Adams, taking part in the design and commissioning of the accelerator. In 1980, he joined the PS and worked on the antiproton accumulator. In 1991, he became a member of the LHC Committee and was entrusted with the task of writing a report on the design of the future accelerator. This book for the first time chronicles the development of particle accelerators from the invention of electrostatic accelerators, linear accelerators and the cyclotron to the colliders of today. It also addresses accelerators used as sources of x-rays, for medical purposes and in industrial applications. The book identifies the crucial discoveries in applied physics and engineering that have driven the field and gives the reader insight into the people who made these discoveries as well as the methods they used. Come a...

  6. La protección legislativa de las aguas subterráneas en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Sanchez Bravo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de las medidas establecidas enla Directiva Marco de Aguas de la Unión Europea,se incorporaba la necesidad de proteger las aguassubterráneas contra la contaminación. LaPropuesta de Directiva sobre la protección de lasaguas subterráneas tiende a mejorar radicalmentela calidad de las aguas subterráneas de la UniónEuropea. Prevé la obligación para los Estadosmiembros de vigilar, evaluar y cumplir determinadosobjetivos de calidad, así como de invertir lastendencias en la contaminación de esta agua.Abstract: Within the measures established by theDiretiva Marco de Águas da União Européia, thenecessity of protecting the groundwaters againstcontamination was incorporated to it. TheCommition proposal for the groundwaters’protection tends to radically improve theunderground quality of the European Union. Itprovides the Member States the obligation ofmonitoring, evaluating, and complying with certainobjectives of calamity, as well as investing in thetendencies of contamination of this water.

  7. La formation à distance aux États-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Perley, Jim

    2013-01-01

    L’université, garante de la qualité académique et pédagogique des enseignements supérieurs se trouve confrontée aux conséquences du développement des TIC, vecteurs d’une plus large information, outils modernes au service de la formation mais aussi sources de profits par l’arrivée de cours en ligne. Aux États-Unis, une association d’universitaires part en guerre… pour la qualité. Universities as guarantors of academic and educational quality in higher education are confronted with the conse...

  8. Integrating UniTree with the data migration API

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrodel, David G.

    1994-01-01

    The Data Migration Application Programming Interface (DMAPI) has the potential to allow developers of open systems Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) products to virtualize native file systems without the requirement to make changes to the underlying operating system. This paper describes advantages of virtualizing native file systems in hierarchical storage management systems, the DMAPI at a high level, what the goals are for the interface, and the integration of the Convex UniTree+HSM with DMAPI along with some of the benefits derived in the resulting product.

  9. ¿Crisis en la Unión Europea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Martínez

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de integración europeo por momentos ha avanzado a un ritmo muy rápido y en otros lo ha hecho lentamente o se ha estancado. Los acontecimientos internacionales y la nueva configuración del sistema internacional han obligado a la UE a empezar a jugar un papel importante en la escena internacional fuera del arco de influencia de Estados Unidos, pues a partir de la caída del Muro de Berlín hay intereses europeos que no coinciden con los norteamericanos. Es aquí donde ya es cada vez más difícil hacer coincidir intereses entre los miembros de la UE, hoy veinticinco y mañana veintisiete o veintinueve. La dificultad nace del hecho de que el mercado interior y la zona Euro, con todos sus defectos, son una realidad y los medios económicos para avanzar hacia una unión política ya parecen agotados y sólo cabe avanzar en materia de unión política, tarea mucho más complicada, pues los intereses en este campo no son tan convergentes como en el económico.

  10. La transparencia en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quirós Soro, Mario Francisco

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio versa sobre la formación histórica y vigencia del marco jurídico europeo, en materia de transparencia. Se centra en el derecho de la Unión Europea, por constituir un referente básico de los Estados miembros, en cuanto a la influencia en los ordenamientos jurídicos internos de los mismos. El estudio comprende los Tratados y el derecho derivado, junto a otros actos relacionados con la materia que nos ocupa, durante el periodo de vigencia de cada Tratado, con referencias a la jurisprudencia comunitaria. Además, los estudios sobre la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea y los Códigos de Buena Conducta Administrativa, efectuados por separado, a efectos de mayor claridad expositiva. Un apartado describe los medios de acceso existentes en Internet, a los documentos de las instituciones comunitarias. Por otra parte, se estudia también la labor del Consejo de Europa en materia de transparencia.

  11. O tradutor de estilos - Entrevista de Ted Polhemus a Tarcisio D'Almeida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcisio D'Almeida

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Considerado "guru dos estilos" e idealizador do conceito "supermercado de estilos", o antropólogo Ted Polhemus é reticente quanto aos "roubos fashion" pela hegemônica indústria da moda e acredita na força e no poder da comunicação visual de estilos e comportamentos como formas de expressão humana. Na conturbada e agitada década de 1960, o antropólogo anglo-americano Ted Polhemus, 57, trocou os EUA pela Inglaterra, em especial, a ensolarada Califórnia (para onde os jovens costumavam ir pela acinzentada e enevoada Londres. Esse contexto político-histórico de busca pela liberdade ideológica da era hippie e expansão da moda com o surgimento do prêt-à-porter possibilitou ao pesquisador estudar antropologia na Temple University, na Filadélfia. Em seguida, em Londres, desenvolveu seus estudos de mestrado sobre "Body Image and Adornment" (Imagem e Adorno do Corpo na prestigiada University of London. O projeto de mapear as inter-relações entre corpo e estilo na concepção de moda e comportamento sempre norteou sua verve intelectual de um antropólogo comprometido com os fenômenos da atualidade, sobretudo os que decorrem a partir da contemporaneidade do século 20. Publicou Fashion & Anti-fashion: anthropology of clothing and adornment (Thames & Hudson, 1979, Streetstyle: from sidewalk to catwalk (Thames & Hudson, 1994 e Style Surfing: what to wear in the 3rd millennium (Thames & Hudson, 1996, entre outros. Em seu novo livro, Hot Bodies, Cool Styles: new techniques in self adornment (Thames & Hudson, 2004, lançado no final do ano passado, o "guru dos estilos" e pai do conceito "supermercado de estilos" dá mostras de como a onda global do entusiasmo para a decoração do corpo é enraizada em nosso passado e examina ainda seu sentido na prospecção do futuro. Polhemus tornou-se referência na literatura de moda e do corpo. Ao lado de outros pesquisadores do assunto, como Dick Hebdige, que conceituou a exist

  12. Ion exchange equilibrium for some uni-univalent and uni-divalent reaction systems using strongly basic anion exchange resin Duolite A-102 D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.S. Lokhande

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The study on thermodynamics of ion exchange equilibrium for uni-univalent Cl-/I-, Cl-/Br-, and uni-divalent Cl-/SO42-, Cl-/C2O42- reaction systems was carried out using ion exchange resin Duolite A-102 D. The equilibrium constant K was calculated by taking into account the activity coefficient of ions both in solution as well as in the resin phase. The K values calculated for uni-univalent and uni-divalent anion exchange reaction systems was observed to increase with rise in temperature, indicating the endothermic exchange reactions having enthalpy values of 13.7, 38.0, 23.9, 22.9 kJ/mol, respectively.

  13. UniFlex A WWW-environment for project-based collaborative learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Ole; Helbo, Jan; Knudsen, Morten

    2003-01-01

    , a web site named UniFlex (University Flexible learning) has been developed and brought into use. The site is a comprehensive set of bookmarks including course taking, upload/download, and - of special significance - collaborative on-line project work. UniFlex has been developed to meet the requirement...

  14. UniProt search blastx result - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available t UNIPROT ID UniProt ID DEFINITION Definition of the protein in the UniProt datab...full-length cDNA clone CLONE_NAME Name of the full-length cDNA clone RANK Ranking in the blastx search resul

  15. A Generalised Fault Protection Structure Proposed for Uni-grounded Low-Voltage AC Microgrids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui, Duong Minh; Chen, Shi-Lin; Lien, Keng-Yu; Jiang, Jheng-Lun

    2016-04-01

    This paper presents three main configurations of uni-grounded low-voltage AC microgrids. Transient situations of a uni-grounded low-voltage (LV) AC microgrid (MG) are simulated through various fault tests and operation transition tests between grid-connected and islanded modes. Based on transient simulation results, available fault protection methods are proposed for main and back-up protection of a uni-grounded AC microgrid. In addition, concept of a generalised fault protection structure of uni-grounded LVAC MGs is mentioned in the paper. As a result, main contributions of the paper are: (i) definition of different uni-grounded LVAC MG configurations; (ii) analysing transient responses of a uni-grounded LVAC microgrid through line-to-line faults, line-to-ground faults, three-phase faults and a microgrid operation transition test, (iii) proposing available fault protection methods for uni-grounded microgrids, such as: non-directional or directional overcurrent protection, under/over voltage protection, differential current protection, voltage-restrained overcurrent protection, and other fault protection principles not based on phase currents and voltages (e.g. total harmonic distortion detection of currents and voltages, using sequence components of current and voltage, 3I0 or 3V0 components), and (iv) developing a generalised fault protection structure with six individual protection zones to be suitable for different uni-grounded AC MG configurations.

  16. Y. Laberge on Frédéric Salmon's Atlas historique des États-Unis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Frédéric Salmon, Atlas historique des États-Unis de 1783 à nos jours. Paris: Armand Colin, 2008. Pp.127. ISBN-13: 978-2200347604  This new, cultural, historical atlas of United States was entirely conceived by a French geographer named Frédéric Salmon; this is not a mere collection of old or already existing maps, but rather a brand new group of unique maps related to the geography, history and demographics of the USA, from the late 18th century to the early 21st century. It should not be mix...

  17. el paradigma de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalini Psarou

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, la autora aborda la formación, características e impacto histórico del Estado-nación como preámbulo a la temática de la Unión Europea, el ejemplo más avanzado de integración regional multinacional, y su realidad actual. El análisis se centra en las problemáticas derivadas de su gestación, funcionamiento y aplicación como un macro proyecto político, económico, social, cultural y de identidad destinado a ser ejemplo de unidad, tolerancia y aceptación de la alteridad en una realidad antagonizada entre la globalización y la regionalización.

  18. União estável

    OpenAIRE

    Busnardo, Eby Simone

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Jurídicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Direito, Florianópolis, 2009 O presente estudo possui o espoco de identificar possíveis discriminações, introduzidas pelo atual Código Civil, no Direito Sucessório dos companheiros. Para isto, num primeiro momento, é indispensável delinear a contextualização histórica da união estável no âmago da família brasileira; o reconhecimento a ela dado sob os pilares dignifica...

  19. Relaciones exteriores de la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    González Fernández, Sara; Ruiz, Pablo

    1998-01-01

    Distintos estudios sobre las relaciones económicas externas de la Unión Europea a través de tres apartados: una Introducción sobre el propio proceso de integración; Análisis sectorial de las políticas coumunes de agricultura, medio ambiente, cooperación para el desarrollo, política exterior y seguridad común y un tercer bloque sobre el Análisis geográfico de las relaciones comerciales con América Latina, Europa Central y Oriental, la política mediterránea y asiática y las relaciones con los p...

  20. Les relations économiques États-Unis / Amérique latine pendant les années Bush : la nouvelle donne Economic Relations between the United States and Latin America in the Bush Years: Changing Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Alors que l’élection de George B. Bush à la présidence des États-Unis avait pu autoriser certains à nourrir l’espoir d’une relance du processus d’intégration économique entre l’Amérique latine et l’Amérique du Nord, le bilan de ces huit années est mitigé et bien des incertitudes pesaient sur l’avenir de ce processus au moment de l’entrée en fonction de Barack Obama. Pour éclairer cette évolution, l’article replace les années Bush dans le contexte du recentrage sur la dimension économique de la relation qui fut consécutif à la fin de la guerre froide. La première partie, fondée sur l’étude des données chiffrées disponibles concernant les échanges commerciaux et des mouvements de capitaux, met en évidence une progression en trompe l’œil de ces flux, suggérant un désintérêt relatif des États-Unis pour leur traditionnelle arrière-cour. Pour rendre compte de cette nouvelle donne, la seconde partie revient sur le cadre géopolitique et géoéconomique dans laquelle s’inscrit la relation à partir de 2001.While George W. Bush’s election had promised to revive the drive towards further economic integration in the Americas, as he was leaving office eight years later the achievements of his presidency seemed rather mixed and the future of U.S.-Latin America relations uncertain. To shed light on this turnaround, this paper sets the Bush years in the wider context of post-Cold War renewed U.S. emphasis on the economic dimension of its relationship to Latin America. The first part, which focuses on quantitative data, concludes that although two-way trade and capital flows did grow significantly between 2000 and 2007, the momentum of the 1990s was largely lost. In an attempt to account for this trend, the second part focuses on the geopolitical and geoeconomic background which led to the United States’ relations with Latin America taking a new direction after 2001.

  1. Les dilemmes des études ethniques aux États-Unis The dilemmas of ethnic studies in the United States: identitarian multiculturalism, disciplinary colonization, and decolonial epistemologies De la Universidad a la Pluriversidad : pensando desde la experiencia de los Estados-Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Grosfoguel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Ethnic studies in the United States represents a contradictory space within which two hegemonic discourses (identitarian multiculturalism and disciplinary colonization and a counter-hegemonic one (decolonial epistemologies condense and enter into debate and struggle. In contrast to other parts of the world, ethnic studies in the United States emerged as a part of the civil rights movement for racialized minorities. In the late 60s and early 70s, a number of student strikes and university occupations were organized by these racialized minorities, leading to the creation of Afro-American, Puerto Rican, Chicano, Asian, and Indigenous studies programs all over the country. This epistemic insurgency was key to the opening of spaces for professors from ethnic/racial groups suffering discrimination and with non-Western epistemologies in areas which were up to that point monopolized by white professors and students and Eurocentric epistemologies which privileged the “ego-politics of knowledge”. But, I am now questioning the appropriateness of creating ethnic studies departments/programs if these will merely be reduced to studying the sociology of race, the anthropology of ethno/racial identities, the history “of” (not “from” or “with” blacks, the economics of the insertion of indigenous labor, etc. To colonize ethnic studies through the Western disciplines does not constitute an innovation in the field of knowledge. It was already possible to do so through the respective academic disciplines, and it requires neither ethnic studies departments nor programs. It would be a different story if ethnic studies departments or programs proposed to open themselves up to transmodernity, that is, to the epistemic diversality of the world, and redefine themselves as “transmodern decolonial studies,” offering to think “from” and “with” those “others” subalternized and inferiorized by Eurocentered modernity, offering to define their

  2. 21 CFR 888.3535 - Knee joint femorotibial (uni-compartmental) metal/polymer porous-coated uncemented prosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Knee joint femorotibial (uni-compartmental) metal... Devices § 888.3535 Knee joint femorotibial (uni-compartmental) metal/polymer porous-coated uncemented prosthesis. (a) Identification. A knee joint femorotibial (uni-compartmental) metal/polymer...

  3. UniScan technology for innovative laboratory at a university for acquisition data from space in real-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gershenzon, V.; Gershenzon, O.; Sergeeva, M.; Ippolitov, V.; Targulyan, O.

    2012-04-01

    Keywords: Remote Sensing, UniScan ground station, Education, Monitoring. Remote Sensing Centers allowing real-time imagery acquisition from Earth observing satellites within the structure of Universities provides proper environment for innovative education. It delivers the efficient training for scientific and academic and teaching personnel, secure the role of the young professionals in science, education and hi-tech, and maintain the continuity of generations in science and education. Article is based on experience for creation such centers in more than 20 higher education institutions in Russia, Kazakhstan, and Spain on the base of UniScan ground station by R&D Center ScanEx. These stations serve as the basis for Earth monitoring from space providing the training and advanced training to produce the specialists having the state-of-the-art knowledge in Earth Remote Sensing and GIS, as well as the land-use monitoring and geo-data service for the economic operators in such diverse areas as the nature resource management, agriculture, land property management, disasters monitoring, etc. Currently our proposal of UniScan for universities all over the world allows to receive low resolution free of charge MODIS data from Terra and Aqua satellites, VIIRS from the NPP mission, and also high resolution optical images from EROS A and radar images from Radarsat-1 satellites, including the telemetry for the first year of operation, within the footprint of up to 2,500 kilometers in radius. Creation remote sensing centers at universities will lead to a new quality level for education and scientific studies and will enable to make education system in such innovation institutions open to modern research work and economy.

  4. El tiempo escolar en la Unión Europea. Organización del calendario y la jornada escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luján LÁZARO HERRERO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El tiempo escolar es un recurso educativo poco conocido que era visto más como un inconveniente que como un elemento dinamizador y clave en la acción pedagógica. Estamos ante un factor flexible y variable que va a condicionar de manera directa el desarrollo del curriculum escolar. En el marco de la Unión Europea existen diferencias significativas respecto a la organización del tiempo en la escuela. En todos los casos, el clima y la tradición social, son los principales condicionantes. Sin embargo, respetando esas particularidades, los países miembros de la Unión Europea tienden a un sistema común en la utilización de ese tiempo escolar.ABSTRACT: School time is a little known educational resource that has been treated more as an obstacle than as an invigorating element of pedagogical action. It is a flexible and changeable element that directly affects the development of the curriculum. There are outstanding differences between the Member States of the European Union in relation to the organization of school time. There is a great deal of variability owing to different climates and to diverse social traditions. However, the Member States tend to standardise the use of school time.

  5. ProUni e UAB como estratégias de EAD na expansão do ensino superior ProUni and UAB as EAD (distance education stategies for higher education expansion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Cecília Duarte Segenreich

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto é feita uma análise dos programas Universidade para Todos (ProUni e Universidade Aberta do Brasil (UAB como estratégias de Educação a Distância promovidas pelo governo Lula na expansão e democratização do Ensino Superior. Questões tais como o número elevado de pólos, sua dispersão e distanciamento da sede da instituição promotora dos cursos, assim como a falta de avaliação da efetiva qualidade de ensino são desafios colocados ao ProUni, especificamente. No que se refere aos dois programas em conjunto, surgiram questões referentes ao modelo de pólo presencial adotado e ao conceito de tutoria e seu impacto na configuração do corpo docente das universidades. Constatou-se, ainda, um avanço significativo no reconhecimento de que a educação a distância não se resume a uma estratégia de mercantilização e privatização do ensino e que precisa ser pesquisada intensamente em termos de sua utilização como política de Estado e em termos das novas questões de ordem institucional e pedagógica que suscita.This text aims at analyzing the programs of University for All (ProUni and Brazilian Open University (UAB as products of the Lula government higher education expansion and democratization policy. Some issues like the great number of poles, their dispersion and distance from the headquarters of the promoting institution, as well as the lack of an evaluation mechanism to assess the quality of the education offered by the participant institutions, are challenges faced specifically by ProUni. As far as those two programs are concerned, some issues emerged related to the model of the classroom instruction pole which has been adopted and the concept of tutoring and its impact on the configuration of the teaching staff of universities. Also, significant improvement has been verified in the recognition that distance education does not limit itself to a commercial and privatizing educational strategy, but it must be

  6. Evaluation and improvement of sour property packages in UniSim design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, J.; Zhao, E.; Wang, L.; Saha, S. [Honeywell, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2010-07-01

    This presentation described specialty fluid packages for modeling oil and gas process systems involving sour gases in contact with aqueous phase. UniSim Design is a popular process simulation tool in the oil and gas industry. The sour Peng-Robinson (PR) and sour Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK) models are commonly used for handling sour system where hydrogen sulphide (H{sub 2}S), carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) or ammonia (NH{sub 3}) are in contact with an aqueous phase. These sour options combine the PR/SRK equation of state and Wilson's API-sour model where the equation of state is used to determine the fugacities of the vapor and liquid hydrocarbon phases, plus the enthalpy for all 3 phases. The Wilson's API-sour method is used for the aqueous phase calculations, which accounts for the ionization of H{sub 2}S, CO{sub 2} and NH{sub 3} in the aqueous phase. The efficiency of these 2 thermodynamic property packages were evaluated in this study by comparing industrial and experimental data and the results from other similar models. The purpose of this study was to improve these property packages for more accurate and reliable modeling of sour systems. tabs., figs.

  7. GUIDS:A Graphical User Interface Development System in UniECAD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许建国; 魏文欣

    1994-01-01

    UniECAD is an integrated electronic CAD system,the user interface development system is the key of the integration of UniECAD.This paper presents the architecture of GUIDS,a graphical user interface development system in UniECAD,and then discusses a series of new techniques and methods in the design and the implementation of this system around the following aspects:the editing environment of interface elements,the implementation of dialogue control and the automatic generation of interface code.As an example,the generation of the main interfaces of UniECAD shows the procedure of the development of user interfaces with this development system.

  8. UniFlex A WWW-environment for project-based collaborative learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Ole; Helbo, Jan; Knudsen, Morten

    2003-01-01

    , a web site named UniFlex (University Flexible learning) has been developed and brought into use. The site is a comprehensive set of bookmarks including course taking, upload/download, and - of special significance - collaborative on-line project work. UniFlex has been developed to meet the requirement......Increasing demands for remote on-line education are changing the way teaching and learning is performed. New behavior in using pedagogy and supporting technology is needed to drive the learning process. To facilitate the use of services for selected activities to participants in on-line education...... for a simple and cheap personalized interactive site, supporting problem oriented and project organized study form, which has characterized Aalborg University for more than 25 years. UniFlex supports a virtual group room for collaborative work as a key facility. UniFlex has downloadable templates, which...

  9. PROFIL GURU SMK TEKNIK PEMESINAN DAN RELEVANSINYA DENGAN KURIKULUM PRODI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK MESIN FT UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surono Surono

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan: (1 profil ideal guru SMK Kompetensi Keahlian Teknik Pemesinan (KKTP, (2 relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY, (3 proses pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY, dan (4 profil calon guru SMK-KKTP. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode survei, yang dilakukan di Prodi PTM FT UNY dan sebelas SMK di provinsi DIY. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah dokumentasi dan angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah sebagai berikut. (1 Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP terdiri dari lima aspek yaitu kompetensi pedagogik, kompetensi bidang studi keahlian, kompetensi manajerial, kompetensi kepribadian, dan kompetensi sosial.  Profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP termasuk dalam kategori sangat penting (88,27%. (2 Relevansi profil ideal guru SMK-KKTP dengan kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY mencapai 100%. Terdapat 59 kompetensi tambahan dalam kurikulum Prodi PTM FT UNY untuk menyiapkan lulusannya agar dapat bekerja di industri, menjadi instruktur, atau menjadi widyaiswara. (3 Pembelajaran di Prodi PTM FT UNY menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori sangat memadai (84,26% dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori memadai (77,89%. (4 Profil calon guru SMK-KKTP menurut persepsi guru pembimbing PPL termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,12%; menurut persepsi dosen termasuk dalam kategori baik (79,69%; dan menurut persepsi mahasiswa termasuk dalam kategori baik (80,21%.

  10. UniPrimer: A Web-Based Primer Design Tool for Comparative Analyses of Primate Genomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomin Batnyam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Whole genome sequences of various primates have been released due to advanced DNA-sequencing technology. A combination of computational data mining and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR assay to validate the data is an excellent method for conducting comparative genomics. Thus, designing primers for PCR is an essential procedure for a comparative analysis of primate genomes. Here, we developed and introduced UniPrimer for use in those studies. UniPrimer is a web-based tool that designs PCR- and DNA-sequencing primers. It compares the sequences from six different primates (human, chimpanzee, gorilla, orangutan, gibbon, and rhesus macaque and designs primers on the conserved region across species. UniPrimer is linked to RepeatMasker, Primer3Plus, and OligoCalc softwares to produce primers with high accuracy and UCSC In-Silico PCR to confirm whether the designed primers work. To test the performance of UniPrimer, we designed primers on sample sequences using UniPrimer and manually designed primers for the same sequences. The comparison of the two processes showed that UniPrimer was more effective than manual work in terms of saving time and reducing errors.

  11. CERN Library | Ted Wilson presents "Engines of discovery: a century of particle accelerators" (revised and expanded edition) | 22 July

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Particle accelerators exploit the cutting edge of every aspect of today's technology and have themselves contributed to many of these technologies. The largest accelerators have been constructed as research tools for nuclear and high energy physics and there is no doubt that it is this field that has sustained their development culminating in the Large Hadron Collider.   Engines of discovery: a century of particle accelerators (revised and expanded edition), by Andrew Sessler and Ted Wilson, World Scientific, 2014, ISBN 9789814417198. An earlier book by the same authors, Engines of Discovery: A Century of Particle Accelerators, chronicled the development of these large accelerators and colliders, emphasising the critical discoveries in applied physics and engineering that drove the field. Particular attention was given to the key individuals who contributed, the methods they used to arrive at their particular discoveries and inventions, often recalling how their human strengths and attit...

  12. Las relaciones Unión Europea-Cuba. Evolución y perspectivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelio Díaz Lezcano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las relaciones entre la Unión Europea y Cuba han sido oscilantes y precarias desde que fueron establecidas en 1988. A pesar del importante papel de Europa en la actividad económica de Cuba, ésta es el único país de América Latina y uno de los pocos del mundo que no tiene un convenio de colaboración con la Unión Europea. Ello se debe, en lo fundamental, a la supeditación de la U.E a la política de los Estados Unidos.Siguiendo los dictados de Washington, las relaciones de la U.E con Cuba se rigen, desde 1996, por la llamada Posición Común, que condiciona el mejoramiento de los vínculos a un cambio radical en el sistema político prevaleciente en la Isla. De mantenerse esta situación, como todo parece indicar, no se debe esperar un cambio notable a corto y mediano plazo.Palabras Clave: Cuba como caso especial; Posición Común de la U.E.; Triángulo U.E - EE.UU.-Cuba; Transición a la Democracia en Cuba; Crisis del 2003. The relations European Union-Cuba. Evolution and perspective.AbstractThe relations between the European Union and Cuba have been oscillating and precarious since they were established in 1988. In spite of the important paper of Europe in the economic activity of Cuba, this one is the only country of Latin America and one of the few of the world that does not have an agreement of collaboration with the European Union. It must, in the fundamental thing, to the supeditation of the U.E to the policy of the United States.Following the dictations of Washington, the relations of the U.E with Cuba govern, from 1996, by the call Common Position, that it conditions the improvement of the bonds to a radical change in the prevaleciente political system in the Island. to stay this situation, as everything seems to indicate, a remarkable change to and medium term is not due to hope short.Keywords: Cuba as special case; Common Position of the U.E.; Triangle U.E - EE.UU. - Cuba; Transition to the Democracy in Cuba; Crisis of the

  13. Thermal conductivity of UNi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 2} single crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mucha, J; Misiorek, H; Troc, R; Bukowski, Z [W Trzebiatowski Institute for Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Science, PO Box 1410, 50-950 Wroclaw 2 (Poland)

    2006-03-22

    The thermal conductivity of a single crystal of UNi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 2} has been measured in the temperature range between 5 and 300 K. We find a large anisotropy in the thermal conductivity, which may be explained by the very large difference in the a and c lattice parameters. The thermal conductivity {lambda}{sub ab}(T) measured within the ab plane was found to have absolute values considerably higher than that ({lambda}{sub c}) measured along the c axis. The former exhibits at 25 K a pronounced non-symmetric maximum with an absolute value of about 6 W K{sup -1} m{sup -1} and an almost symmetric minimum at T{sub N} = 161 K.The electronic heat transport, {lambda}{sub e}, was also derived from the Wiedemann-Franz law along these two crystallographic directions. Attempts to estimate the bipolar ({lambda}{sub bip}) and magnon ({lambda}{sub mag}) contents to the measured total thermal conductivity have been done. An analysis of the thermal conductivity data has been performed for both magnetically ordered and non-ordered states.

  14. Task-Related Edge Density (TED-A New Method for Revealing Dynamic Network Formation in fMRI Data of the Human Brain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Lohmann

    Full Text Available The formation of transient networks in response to external stimuli or as a reflection of internal cognitive processes is a hallmark of human brain function. However, its identification in fMRI data of the human brain is notoriously difficult. Here we propose a new method of fMRI data analysis that tackles this problem by considering large-scale, task-related synchronisation networks. Networks consist of nodes and edges connecting them, where nodes correspond to voxels in fMRI data, and the weight of an edge is determined via task-related changes in dynamic synchronisation between their respective times series. Based on these definitions, we developed a new data analysis algorithm that identifies edges that show differing levels of synchrony between two distinct task conditions and that occur in dense packs with similar characteristics. Hence, we call this approach "Task-related Edge Density" (TED. TED proved to be a very strong marker for dynamic network formation that easily lends itself to statistical analysis using large scale statistical inference. A major advantage of TED compared to other methods is that it does not depend on any specific hemodynamic response model, and it also does not require a presegmentation of the data for dimensionality reduction as it can handle large networks consisting of tens of thousands of voxels. We applied TED to fMRI data of a fingertapping and an emotion processing task provided by the Human Connectome Project. TED revealed network-based involvement of a large number of brain areas that evaded detection using traditional GLM-based analysis. We show that our proposed method provides an entirely new window into the immense complexity of human brain function.

  15. Task-Related Edge Density (TED)-A New Method for Revealing Dynamic Network Formation in fMRI Data of the Human Brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohmann, Gabriele; Stelzer, Johannes; Zuber, Verena; Buschmann, Tilo; Margulies, Daniel; Bartels, Andreas; Scheffler, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    The formation of transient networks in response to external stimuli or as a reflection of internal cognitive processes is a hallmark of human brain function. However, its identification in fMRI data of the human brain is notoriously difficult. Here we propose a new method of fMRI data analysis that tackles this problem by considering large-scale, task-related synchronisation networks. Networks consist of nodes and edges connecting them, where nodes correspond to voxels in fMRI data, and the weight of an edge is determined via task-related changes in dynamic synchronisation between their respective times series. Based on these definitions, we developed a new data analysis algorithm that identifies edges that show differing levels of synchrony between two distinct task conditions and that occur in dense packs with similar characteristics. Hence, we call this approach "Task-related Edge Density" (TED). TED proved to be a very strong marker for dynamic network formation that easily lends itself to statistical analysis using large scale statistical inference. A major advantage of TED compared to other methods is that it does not depend on any specific hemodynamic response model, and it also does not require a presegmentation of the data for dimensionality reduction as it can handle large networks consisting of tens of thousands of voxels. We applied TED to fMRI data of a fingertapping and an emotion processing task provided by the Human Connectome Project. TED revealed network-based involvement of a large number of brain areas that evaded detection using traditional GLM-based analysis. We show that our proposed method provides an entirely new window into the immense complexity of human brain function.

  16. Overexpression and cosuppression of xylem-related genes in an early xylem differentiation stage-specific manner by the AtTED4 promoter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Kuninori; Fukuda, Hiroo

    2017-06-30

    Tissue-specific overexpression of useful genes, which we can design according to their cause-and-effect relationships, often gives valuable gain-of-function phenotypes. To develop genetic tools in woody biomass engineering, we produced a collection of Arabidopsis lines that possess chimeric genes of a promoter of an early xylem differentiation stage-specific gene, Arabidopsis Tracheary Element Differentiation-related 4 (AtTED4) and late xylem development-associated genes, many of which are uncharacterized. The AtTED4 promoter directed the expected expression of transgenes in developing vascular tissues from young to mature stage. Of T2 lines examined, 42%, 49% and 9% were judged as lines with the nonrepeat type insertion, the simple repeat type insertion and the other repeat type insertion of transgenes. In 174 T3 lines, overexpression lines were confirmed for 37 genes, whereas only cosuppression lines were produced for eight genes. The AtTED4 promoter activity was high enough to overexpress a wide range of genes over wild-type expression levels, even though the wild-type expression is much higher than AtTED4 expression for several genes. As a typical example, we investigated phenotypes of pAtTED4::At5g60490 plants, in which both overexpression and cosuppression lines were included. Overexpression but not cosuppression lines showed accelerated xylem development, suggesting the positive role of At5g60490 in xylem development. Taken together, this study provides valuable results about behaviours of various genes expressed under an early xylem-specific promoter and about usefulness of their lines as genetic tools in woody biomass engineering. © 2017 The Authors. Plant Biotechnology Journal published by Society for Experimental Biology and The Association of Applied Biologists and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Recueil des legislations linguistiques dans le monde. Tome VI: La Colombie, les Etats-Unis, le Mexique, Porto Rico at les traites internationaux (Record of World Language-Related Legislation. Volume VI: Colombia, the United States, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and International Treaties).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leclerc, Jacques, Ed.; Maurais, Jacques, Ed.

    The volume is one of a series of six listing language-related legislation around the world. It contains the texts, in French, of laws of Colombia, the United States federal and some state governments (California, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, and New York), Mexico, and Puerto Rico, and those relating to international…

  18. UniPrime2: a web service providing easier Universal Primer design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutros, Robin; Stokes, Nicola; Bekaert, Michaël; Teeling, Emma C

    2009-07-01

    The UniPrime2 web server is a publicly available online resource which automatically designs large sets of universal primers when given a gene reference ID or Fasta sequence input by a user. UniPrime2 works by automatically retrieving and aligning homologous sequences from GenBank, identifying regions of conservation within the alignment, and generating suitable primers that can be used to amplify variable genomic regions. In essence, UniPrime2 is a suite of publicly available software packages (Blastn, T-Coffee, GramAlign, Primer3), which reduces the laborious process of primer design, by integrating these programs into a single software pipeline. Hence, UniPrime2 differs from previous primer design web services in that all steps are automated, linked, saved and phylogenetically delimited, only requiring a single user-defined gene reference ID or input sequence. We provide an overview of the web service and wet-laboratory validation of the primers generated. The system is freely accessible at: http://uniprime.batlab.eu. UniPrime2 is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Licence.

  19. The Organization of Paralympic Sport in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Joe; Mushett, Mike

    2012-01-01

    In the United States, Paralympic sport is governed by the United States Olympic Committee (USOC), as set forth in the Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act of 1998. The USOC formed a dedicated Paralympic Division in 2001 to manage this responsibility in close cooperation with other USOC divisions and many of the sport-specific national…

  20. Los jueces españoles como jueces de la Unión Europea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral, Juan A.; Ordóñez Solís, David; Berberoff, Dimitry

    2013-01-01

    Los jueces nacionales deben asegurar la correcta aplicación del derecho de la Unión y deben proteger los derechos individuales que se derivan del conjunto de doctrinas y normas consignadas en los Tratados y desarrolladas e interpretadas por el Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea. En este...... sentido, el presente estudio trata de esclarecer si actualmente los jueces españoles se han adaptado a las exigencias creadas por el sistema legal de la Unión para la aplicación del derecho europeo. Para comprobar si los jueces españoles han asimilado su condición de jueces europeos, operando como...

  1. La Unión Europea y el sistema-mundo contemporáneo

    OpenAIRE

    Tortosa, José María

    1995-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo es explorar en qué medida el enfoque de los sistemas-mundo puede ser útil para ofrecer una visión extrovertida y antiparticularista de la Unión Europea. Este enfoque tiene la ventaja de describir coherentemente las limitaciones de numerosos tipos de acción social y, consiguientemente, de los procesos relacionados con la Unión Europea u otros bloques económicos. Estas limitaciones provienen de la propia lógica de un sistema mundial en el que se encuentran ...

  2. El control de fronteras en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández, Pablo Antonio

    2014-01-01

    El control de fronteras en la Unión Europea constituye en la actualidad una de las cuestiones más complejas y delicadas tanto desde el punto de vista jurídico como político, en especial por tratarse de una competencia compartida entre la Unión y sus Estados miembros. Resumen de la ponencia impartida en el marco del Seminario "Colectivos en la Frontera: desafíos jurídicos de la gestión de flujos de inmigración irregular y refugiados". Universidad de Málaga. Campus de Excelencia Internaci...

  3. El agotamiento del Derecho de marcas en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Salamanca Vasconcelos, Andrea María

    2015-01-01

    El agotamiento del derecho de marcas es un límite a los derechos exclusivos del titular de la marca para evitar un uso abusivo de la misma, sirviendo como medio de mantener la libre circulación de mercancías, protegiendo los principios rectores de la Unión Europea. En la Unión Europea los derechos del titular de una marca se agotan cuando el producto representado por la marca se incorpora por primera vez en el tráfico económico de un Estado Miembro, teniendo en cuenta que di...

  4. Electronic transport in the heavy fermion superconductors UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} and UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3}. Thin film studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foerster, Michael

    2008-07-01

    This work addresses the electronical properties of the superconductors UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} and UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} on the basis of thin film experiments. Epitaxial thin film samples of UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} and UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3} were prepared using UHV Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). For UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3}, the change of the growth direction from the intrinsic (001) to epitaxial (100) was predicted and sucessfully demonstrated using LaAlO3 substrates cut in (110) direction. With optimized deposition process parameters for UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} (100) on LaAlO{sub 3}(110) superconducting samples with critical temperatures up to T{sub c}=1.75 K were obtained. UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3}-AlO{sub x}-Ag mesa junctions with superconducting base electrode were prepared and shown to be in the tunneling regime. However, no signatures of a superconducting density of states were observed in the tunneling spectra. The resistive superconducting transition was probed for a possible dependence on the current direction. In contrast to UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3}, the existence of such feature was excluded in UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3}(100) thin films. The second focus of this work is the dependence of the resistive transition in UNi{sub 2}Al{sub 3}(100) thin films on the current direction. The experimental fact that the resistive transition occurs at slightly higher temperatures for I parallel a than for I parallel c can be explained within a model of two weakly coupled superconducting bands. Evidence is presented for the key assumption of the two-band model, namely that transport in and out of the ab-plane is generated on different, weakly coupled parts of the Fermi surface. Main indications are the angle dependence of the superconducting transition and the dependence of the upper critical field B{sub c{sub 2}} on current and field orientation. Additionally, several possible alternative explanations for the directional splitting of the transition are excluded in this work. An origin due to scattering on

  5. La Unión Europea y Colombia. Historia y desafío

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lillo González, Margarita

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the history and present situation of the relations between the European Union and Colombia in its political and economic dimensions. It analyzes the way in which the position of the EU has stayed constant as far as considering that the Colombian conflicts are caused by the inequalities and the poverty, in spite of the pressures of the United States, that have defended more unilateralist and military positions on the matter, positions with that some communitarian partners have even aligned themselves. In front of previous studies, it is pleaded explicitly for a balance that insists on the positive and constructive aspects, coherent with a scene in process of creation and extension, like the European one, although without resigning to value it from a critical perspectiva.

    Este artículo revisa la historia y situación actual de las relaciones Unión Europea- Colombia en sus dimensiones política y económica. Analiza el modo en que la posición de la UE se ha mantenido constante en cuanto a su consideración de que los conflictos en el país andino se deben a las desigualdades y la pobreza, a pesar de las presiones de Estados Unidos, que ha defendido posturas más unilateralistas y militares al respecto, e incluso de que algunos socios comunitarios se hayan alineado con ellas. Frente a estudios anteriores se aboga explícitamente por un balance que haga hincapié en los aspectos positivos y constructivos, coherentes con los de un escenario en proceso de creación y ampliación como es el europeo, aunque sin renunciar a valorarlo con una perspectiva crítica.

  6. Prácticas de Física: Características de un diodo de unión

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Bernabeu Pastor, José Guillermo; Vera Guarinos, Jenaro; Pastor Antón, Carlos; Martín García, Agapito

    1988-01-01

    El objetivo de esta práctica de laboratorio es medir los efectos de la polarización directa y de la polarización inversa sobre la corriente en un diodo de unión. Determinar experimentalmente la curva característica tensión-corriente de un diodo de unión.

  7. 78 FR 4467 - UniStar Nuclear Energy, Combined License Application for Calvert Cliffs Power Plant, Unit 3...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION UniStar Nuclear Energy, Combined License Application for Calvert Cliffs Power Plant, Unit 3, Exemption 1.0 Background UniStar Nuclear Energy (UNE), on behalf of Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Project, LLC and...

  8. 76 FR 81994 - UniStar Nuclear Energy; Combined License Application for Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Unit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION UniStar Nuclear Energy; Combined License Application for Calvert Cliffs Nuclear Power Plant, Unit 3; Exemption 1.0 Background: UniStar Nuclear Energy (UNE) submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory...

  9. Europe-United States: two diverging evolutions of electricity restructuring? a prospective study on the functioning and the regulation of electrical markets on both sides of the Atlantic; Europe - Etats-Unis: des divergences electriques assumees? une perspective sur le fonctionnement et la regulation des marches electriques de part et d'autre de l'Atlantique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derdevet, M.; Veyrenc, Th. [Institut d' Etudes Politiques de Paris, 75 (France)

    2008-01-15

    On both sides of the Atlantic, the same broad purpose was at the heart of electricity restructuring policies: substituting competition to the monopolistic organisation as a means of increased efficiency, and transforming sets of local markets into large continental-wide integrated markets. The current diversity between European and American systems is thus intriguing. The relative homogeneity of electrical systems in the old continent, which is being reinforced by the gradual though delicate elaboration of shared principles on the general organisation of the electricity industry at the European level, compares to a genuine diversity on the American side, where each State remains responsible for conducting its own restructuring policy, even if similar rules on wholesale markets are acknowledged and implemented at a federal level. Yet Europe and the United States face the same kind of issues regarding the future of the energy industry: which status for grid operators, how to respond to growing concerns on security of supply, what to do to mitigate the sharp increase in energy prices? Evidence thereof are the similar attempts by some States to retain direct price control methods, rather than to bank on the virtues of competition to prompt investments in generation and lead prices to drop. It currently appears that the answers to these shared challenges are not converging. On behalf of a comparatively strong freedom of action relatively to the initial competitive paradigm, the array of polio/ responses available in the United States seems broader than in Europe, where the approach recommended by the European Commission consists of further deepening the initial model without altering it. The future will show whether that trend is lasting, or if two structurally different models can emerge from such differences. (authors)

  10. Impact of a "TED-Style" presentation on potential patients' willingness to accept dental implant therapy: a one-group, pre-test post-test study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghanem, Henry; Abi-Nader, Samer

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE A survey was conducted to assess the impact of a TED-like educational session on participants' willingness to accept dental implant therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Volunteers interested in having information about dental implant therapies were recruited and asked to complete a two-part survey before and after an educational session. The initial survey elicited demographic information, self-perceived knowledge on dental implants and willingness to this kind of treatment. A "TED-style" presentation that provided information about dental implant treatments was conducted before asking the participants to complete a second set of questions assessing the impact of the session. RESULTS The survey was completed by 104 individuals, 78.8% were women and the mean age was 66.5±10.8. Before the educational session, 76.0% of the participants refused dental implants mainly due to lack of knowledge. After the educational session, the rejection of dental implants decreased by almost four folds to 20.2%. CONCLUSION This study proved that an educational intervention can significantly increase willingness to accept treatment with dental implants in a segment of the population who is interested in having information about dental implant therapy. Furthermore, educational interventions, such as TED-like talks, might be useful to increase popular awareness on dental implant therapy. PMID:26816573

  11. Modeling particulate self-healing materials and application to uni-axial compression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herbst, Olaf; Luding, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    Using an advanced history dependent contact model for DEM simulations, including elasto-plasticity, viscosity, adhesion, and friction, pressure-sintered tablets are formed from primary particles. These tablets are subjected to unconfined uni-axial compression until and beyond failure. For fast and s

  12. Uni-directional waves over slowly varying bottom, part II: Deformation of travelling waves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pudjaprasetya, S.R.; Pudjaprasetya, S.R.; van Groesen, Embrecht W.C.

    1996-01-01

    A new Korteweg-de Vries type of equation for uni-directional waves over slowly varying bottom has been derived in Part I. The equation retains the Hamiltonian structure of the underlying complete set of equations for surface waves. For flat bottom it reduces to the standard Korteweg-de Vries

  13. La integración de los refugiados en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados. Oficina Europea

    2007-01-01

    El Artículo 34 de la Convención de 1951 insta a los Estados a facilitar la “asimilación y la naturalización” de los refugiados. Hace poco, ACNUR publicó unas recomendaciones sobre cómo podían mejorarla los miembros de la Unión Europea.

  14. Fatigue behaviour of uni-directional flax fibre/epoxy composites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ueki, Yosuke; Lilholt, Hans; Madsen, Bo

    2015-01-01

    A study related to the fatigue behaviour of natural fibre-reinforced composites was conducted to expand their range of product applications. A uni-directional flax-epoxy composite was fabricated and several conditions of tension-tension fatigue tests were performed. During fatigue testing...

  15. The Cost of Trade Restraints: The Case of Japanese Automobile Exports to the United States (Le coût des obstacles au commerce: étude du cas des exportations d'automobiles japonaises aux Etats-Unis) (El costo de las limitaciones del comercio: El caso de la exportación de automóviles japoneses a los Estados Unidos)

    OpenAIRE

    Charles Collyns; Steven Dunaway

    1987-01-01

    This paper assesses the extent to which restraints on exports of Japanese automobiles to the United States affected car sales and prices in the period 1981-84. The estimates are obtained using a model of the U.S. automobile sector that explicitly allows for the effects of the quotas on the average quality of cars purchased. By distinguishing between pure price effects and quality effects, it is possible to assess the welfare costs and income transfers resulting from the imposition of the rest...

  16. Infrastructure for the life sciences: design and implementation of the UniProt website

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzek Baris E

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The UniProt consortium was formed in 2002 by groups from the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB, the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI and the Protein Information Resource (PIR at Georgetown University, and soon afterwards the website http://www.uniprot.org was set up as a central entry point to UniProt resources. Requests to this address were redirected to one of the three organisations' websites. While these sites shared a set of static pages with general information about UniProt, their pages for searching and viewing data were different. To provide users with a consistent view and to cut the cost of maintaining three separate sites, the consortium decided to develop a common website for UniProt. Following several years of intense development and a year of public beta testing, the http://www.uniprot.org domain was switched to the newly developed site described in this paper in July 2008. Description The UniProt consortium is the main provider of protein sequence and annotation data for much of the life sciences community. The http://www.uniprot.org website is the primary access point to this data and to documentation and basic tools for the data. These tools include full text and field-based text search, similarity search, multiple sequence alignment, batch retrieval and database identifier mapping. This paper discusses the design and implementation of the new website, which was released in July 2008, and shows how it improves data access for users with different levels of experience, as well as to machines for programmatic access. http://www.uniprot.org/ is open for both academic and commercial use. The site was built with open source tools and libraries. Feedback is very welcome and should be sent to help@uniprot.org. Conclusion The new UniProt website makes accessing and understanding UniProt easier than ever. The two main lessons learned are that getting the basics right for such a data provider website has

  17. L’Enseignement supérieur aux États-Unis : l’exemple de Clark Kerr et de l’université ou « multiversité » de Berkeley en 1964 Higher Education in the United States: Clark Kerr and the University or Multiversity of California Berkeley in 1964

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric Robert

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Higher education in the United States went through a real revolution in the 1960s. In 1964, UC Berkeley, run by President Clark Kerr, and defined as a “multiversity” by its fierce opponents, was a case in point. Indeed, at that time, the American higher educational system was really called into question by a growing number of students. What is Kerr’s own definition of the “multiversity”? To what extent was the “multiversity” or “knowledge industry” different from a traditional university? Was student protest therefore well-grounded? Can we not say that the “multiversity” actually gives a drastically new image of what American higher education is all about?

  18. Ultrafast ignition of a uni-directional molecular motor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feringa Ben L.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Light-driven molecular motors convert light into mechanical energy via excited state reactions. In this work we follow sub-picosecond primary events in the cycle of a two-stroke unidirectional motor by fluorescence up-conversion and transient absorption.

  19. Cuba's opening to oil in the Gulf of Mexico: between Mexico's opposition to change and the United States' Blockade; L'ouverture petroliere de Cuba dans le Golfe du Mexique: entre l'immobilisme Mexicain et le blocus des Etats-Unis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De la Vega Navarro, A. [Universite Nationale Autonome, Faculte d' Economie (UNAM) (Mexico)

    2007-07-15

    The future of oil for Cuba, Mexico and the United States, which have common maritime borders, lies in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Cuba faces an energy transition where that source of energy still lays a role, considering the economic and technological structures from the past. Among others, it has opened its territory to international companies, providing them with access to carbon hydride resources in an area of strategic importance, in the midst of a world energy situation where each barrel of oil counts. In addition to economic and technological factors, the Cuban oil opening is explained by the critical situation generated after the termination of the relationship that the country had maintained for several decades with the USSR. The out-come and credibility of such opening should be put into perspective with its ability to build an institutional and regulatory environment likely to attract foreign investments in high risk exploration and production activities. At the same time, Cuba has managed to complete the internal effort conducted with the help of international companies, by engaging in a special relationship with Venezuela, as part of new regional integration programmes and energy cooperation initiated by that country. (author)

  20. Tweet Earthquake Dispatch (TED)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The USGS is offering earthquake alerts via two twitter accounts: @USGSted and @USGSBigQuakes. On average, @USGSted and @USGSBigQuakes will produce about one tweet...

  1. ted With Antiphospholipid Antibodies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pregnancy loss in 58 pregnant Sudanese women with récurrent (23) miscarriages associated with antiphospholipid syndrome ... forty-seven (81%) of the 58 patients had cesarean delivery. Forty-seven ... spectrum of signs and symptoms.

  2. Sexe et pouvoir aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar BEN BARKA

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Les adversaires politiques de Bill Clinton aiment à dire que l’Histoire se souviendra de lui plus à cause de ses mensonges et de sa sexualité débordante qu’en raison de son bilan. En vérité, les frasques sexuelles du président Clinton ne sont que la perpétuation d’une tradition qui remonte aux origines de la nation américaine. “Long before there was a United States of America”, écrit Shelley Ross, “there was sex, scandal, and corruption in American politics. In fact, some of the most notoriou...

  3. IntlUni - The Challenges of the Multilingual and Multicultural Learning Space in the International University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.

    ’s Lifelong Learning Programme. This paper will spell put the concrete aims and objectives of the Work Packages of the project, outline the first results of a Europe-wide survey conducted in January-February 2013, and discuss the implication of these as well as the next steps for action. IntlUni has 38 higher......IntlUni: The challenges of the multilingual and multicultural learning space in the international university The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented increase in the internationalisation of higher education. This means that more people in higher education than ever before are teaching...... and learning through the medium of a language other than their own first languages. What are the implication of this for lecturers and students? And what are the implications for this for the quality of European higher education programmes? Taking it for granted that the internationalisation of higher...

  4. UniMAP e-Lab for Electrical Engineering Technology: Future Online Laboratory Classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daud Mohd Hisam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper will describe a proposed design and approaches to the future provision of laboratory experience using communication and control technology. This approach provides broad access for students who can not attend conventional laboratory to laboratory work. The experimental system online (e-Lab is under development for the students to carry out various experiments in engineering and technology education assessment system. In the field of engineering technology, one important element is laboratory work, although there are limitations in terms of space laboratories, distance learning provision. UniMAP e-Lab project aims to address many of the existing constraints. Beyond the educational goals, UniMAP e-Lab system enables experimental knowledge in a particular field of engineering technology and experimental results of the research are disseminated and exploited effectively. Solution design of hardware and software as well as the characteristics of education discussed.

  5. Influence of Shear Stiffness Degradation on Crack Paths in Uni-Directional Composite Laminates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satyanarayana, Arunkumar; Bogert, Phil B.

    2017-01-01

    Influence of shear stiffness degradation in an element, due to damage, on crack paths in uni-directional laminates has been demonstrated. A new shear stiffness degradation approach to improve crack path prediction has been developed and implemented in an ABAQUS/Explicit frame work using VUMAT. Three progressive failure analysis models, built-in ABAQUS (TradeMark), original COmplete STress Reduction (COSTR) and the modified COSTR damage models have been utilized in this study to simulate crack paths in five unidirectional notched laminates, 15deg, 30deg, 45deg, 60deg and 75deg under uniaxial tension load. Results such as crack paths and load vs. edge displacement curves are documented in this report. Modified COSTR damage model shows better accuracy in predicting crack paths in all the uni-directional laminates compared to the ABAQUS (TradeMark) and the original COSTR damage models.

  6. UniTTe – MC1 - Nordtank Measurement Campaign (Turbine and Met Masts)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vignaroli, Andrea

    This report is a delivera ble (D3.11) of the UniTTe project. It describes the setup of the first measurement campaign (MC1) regarding the met masts and wind turbine measurements during the period where measurements were taken with the short range WindScanner and the SpinnerLidar. Set up and measu......This report is a delivera ble (D3.11) of the UniTTe project. It describes the setup of the first measurement campaign (MC1) regarding the met masts and wind turbine measurements during the period where measurements were taken with the short range WindScanner and the SpinnerLidar. Set up...

  7. Movilidad y desigualdad regional en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Ezcurra

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la movilidad de la distribución de la renta por habitante a escala regional en la Unión Europea durante el período 1977-1996, con el fin de aportar elementos complementarios sobre la naturaleza de la desigualdad interregional. Para ello se utiliza una metodología novedosa basada en el cálculo de una serie de indicadores empleados habitualmente en el estudio dinámico de la distribución interpersonal de la renta. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren que el nivel de movilidad intradistribucional es relativamente bajo. Asimismo, la evidencia empírica aportada muestra la existencia de una tendencia hacia la reducción de la movilidad regional a lo largo del período analizado que ha coincidido en el tiempo con el mantenimiento de la desigualdad interregional en la Unión Europea.

  8. Hacia una nueva relación de la Unión Europea con Asia

    OpenAIRE

    Bacaria i Colom, Jordi,

    2013-01-01

    La Unión Europea está siguiendo una estrategia muy activa para alcanzar acuerdos de comercio e inversión con los países de Asia. Esta estrategia económica fuerte contrasta con las limitaciones de la Unión Europea en sus relaciones internacionales en la región. La estrategia económica ofrece ventajas frente a la carrera emprendida por Estados Unidos en Asia-Pacífico. En el artículo se analiza el estado de los distintos acuerdos en vigor, en negociación o próximos a ser negociados, así com...

  9. The Understanding and Usage of Computer Among UniMAP's First Year Diploma Engineering Students

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Idrus, Syed Zulkarnain; Nordin, Norshahrizan

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Computer usage is vital especially in the new era of digital revolution. Users as young as kindergartens have been exposed to computers. Nevertheless, in primary and secondary schools, they are also utilising the computer systems and imparting knowledge and computer skills to their students. In UniMAP, the first year diploma students are all engineering students and can be considered as school leavers. Presumably, they might have some knowledge on computers regardless ...

  10. IntlUni: The Challenges of the Multilingual and Multicultural Learning Space in the International University

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.

    ’s Lifelong Learning Programme. This paper will spell put the concrete aims and objectives of the Work Packages of the project, outline the first results of a Europe-wide survey conducted in January-February 2013, and discuss the implication of these as well as the next steps for action. IntlUni has 38 higher...... with international programmes and discuss solutions to some of the issues at stake....

  11. Thermal expansion of the heavy-fermion superconductor UNi[sub 2]Al[sub 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Modler, R. (Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, INFP, Postfach 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)); Lang, M. (Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, TH Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 8, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)); Geibel, C. (Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, TH Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 8, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)); Schank, C. (Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, TH Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 8, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)); Steglich, F. (Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, TH Darmstadt, Hochschulstr. 8, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany))

    1994-04-01

    We have investigated the superconducting and the antiferromagnetic transition of polycrystalline UNi[sub 2]Al[sub 3] by means of high-resolution dilatometry. At T[sub c]=0.95 K and T[sub N]=4.6 K the thermal-expansion coefficient [alpha] shows second-order phase-transition anomalies of negative sign. Investigations of the antiferromagnetic transition under magnetic fields indicate a complex magnetic phase diagram reminiscent of that of the Pd homolog. ((orig.))

  12. Frequency Dependent Harmonic Powers in a Modified Uni-Traveling Carrier (MUTC) Photodetector

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-27

    Naval Research Laboratory Washington, DC 20375-5320 NRL/MR/5651--17-9712 Frequency Dependent Harmonic Powers in a Modified Uni-Traveling Carrier...TELEPHONE NUMBER (include area code) b. ABSTRACT c. THIS PAGE 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Frequency Dependent Harmonic Powers in a...N. Hutchinson (202) 767-9549 Fiber optics Analog photonics We use a drift-diffusion model to study frequency dependent harmonic powers in a

  13. Opiskelijoiden ruoan valinta ja lounastarjonnan kehittäminen UniCafe-ravintoloissa

    OpenAIRE

    Laine-Ronkainen, Annika

    2015-01-01

    Tavoitteet. Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena on selvittää, mitkä tekijät vaikuttavat eniten opiskelijan lounasravintolan ja siellä nautitun ruoan valintaan, millaisia eroja valintakritee-reissä on eri kampuksien ja opiskelijoiden välillä ja kuinka ruokailijat kehittäisivät UniCafen lounastarjontaa. Tutkimuksesta saadun tiedon avulla voidaan paremmin kohdentaa sopivia lounasvaihtoehtoja asiakastyyppi- ja kampuskohtaisesti. Tutkimuksen teoreettisena taustana toimivat Shepherdin ja Sparksin (1994...

  14. El conflicto de Darfur: un reto para la credibilidad de la Unión Africana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Alaminos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el caso de la crisis de Darfur la Unión Africana esperaba conseguir su primer éxito a nivel internacional en la pacificación de un conflicto africano; el conflicto de Darfur ha supuesto un reto para su credibilidad. La Misión de la Unión Africana en Sudán (AMIS intentó poner fin a la crisis, pero los recursos limitados, tanto económicos como humanos fueron incapaces de frenarla. La protección de tres millones y medio de personas en situación de riesgo en Darfur ha constituido un desafío para la UA y una prueba de la efectividad de su misión AMIS. La Unión Africana quiere demostrar su valía como organización, su potencial en el desarrollo de acciones concretas, su preponderancia como actor en el ámbito africano y su relevancia como actor internacional.

  15. El control de constitucionalidad en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Martínez Estay

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El modelo europeo de justicia constitucional se basa fundamentalmente en la existencia de tribunales constitucionales. La Comunidad Europea, uno de los pilares que conforman la Unión Europea, cuenta con un órgano jurisdiccional que, en muchos aspectos, juega el rol de un auténtico Tribunal Constitucional. Se trata del Tribunal de Justicia, verdadero custodio del derecho comunitario, y, en concreto, del Derecho Constitucional de la Comunidad. Ello porque, en último término, la Unión Europea ya tiene una Constitución, y por ende vida constitucional, compuesta por los tratados constitutivos, las principales sentencias del Tribunal de Justicia, las tradiciones constitucionales de los países miembros, etc. Se trata por tanto de una Constitución no codificada, que en el futuro se espera reemplazar por una de tipo codificado, una vez que los estados miembros terminen el proceso de ratificación del Tratado por el que se instituye una Constitución para la Unión Europea. No obstante, el sistema de control de constitucionalidad de la Comunidad Europea es mixto, pues junto al Tribunal de Justicia los tribunales de los países miembros son también custodios del derecho comunitario

  16. La Unión Europea y la gobernanza global del desarrollo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ángel Sotillo Lorenzo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Si entendemos por gobernanza una forma de gobierno que promueve el desarrollo desde una opción pluridimensional y de gestión democrática de políticas que tienen ese objetivo, la Unión Europea sería un ejemplo de gobernanza. Y lo sería en una doble dimensión: la interna y la externa, ya que propone ser un actor civil global. Dentro de su papel como actor internacional ocupa un lugar destacado la política de desarrollo, donde la Unión Europea actúa en consonancia con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible y la Agenda 2030 para transformar nuestro mundo. Pero el proceso de integración choca con varios obstáculos que ponen en cuestión ese objetivo, por lo que la Unión necesita de un nuevo impulso para hacer frente a los desafíos internos y a escala global.

  17. Les Etats-Unis, une puissance en crise d’adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra de Hoop Scheffer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Les Etats-Unis se trouvent devant le paradoxe suivant : fustigés par le passé pour leur hyperpuissance envahissante et unilatérale, ils sont aujourd’hui critiqués pour leur impuissance et leur extrême prudence, voire leur inaction, en particulier au Moyen-Orient. Comment le président Obama envisage-t-il de remodeler cette puissance américaine et de l'adapter aux contraintes et aux changements du monde contemporain ? Washington fait face à une crise d'adaptation fondamentale ; les guerres en Afghanistan et en Irak ont montré, au cours des dix dernières années, l'incapacité des Etats-Unis à se transformer et à se mettre au diapason des nouveaux « paramètres » des relations internationales. Elu pour mettre fin aux guerres, Barack Obama reconnaît les limites de la puissance militaire américaine, dans le sens où les Etats-Unis ont de moins en moins « la capacité d’imposer leur volonté aux autres » par la force, à l’heure où la puissance économique et l’innovation technologique sont devenues des critères de puissance aussi, voire plus, importants, que la puissance militaire.

  18. Palynological and physicochemical characteristics of three uni floral honey types from central Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naab, O. A.; Tamame, M. A.; Caccavari, M. A.

    2008-07-01

    The characteristics of 59 uni floral honeys of Condalia microphylla Cav. (piquillin), Centaurea solstitialis L. (yellow star thistle) and Prosopis spp., from La Pampa, Argentina, were studied. Pollen features (abundance and frequency of pollen types) and some physicochemical parameters (colour, electrical conductivity, free acidity, glucose content, glucose: water ratio, moisture and pH) were determined. Two different but related sets of calculations were done: the first involved single-factor variance analysis, while the second set involved two multivariate methods, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. Variance and multivariate analysis allowed differentiation of the three honey types according to their physicochemical properties. The variables that best explained this differentiation were pH, electrical conductivity, colour, glucose content and the glucose:water ratio. Pollen analysis showed that the pollen frequency traditionally used (> 45%) for a botanical origin assignment in honey was not valid for the uni floral honeys studied. Therefore, pollen analysis should be combined with the above physicochemical analysis order to obtain a successful classification of these uni floral honeys. Additional key words: botanical origin, Centaurea solstitialis, Condalia microphylla, melissopalynology, multivariate analysis, pollen analysis, Prosopis spp. (Author) 60 refs.

  19. Temas de Física para Ingeniería: El transistor de unión

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Pastor Antón, Carlos; Martín García, Agapito

    1990-01-01

    El transistor de unión bipolar. Tensiones y corrientes en el transistor. El transistor como amplificador. El transistor como conmutador. Transistores unipolares o de efecto de campo. El tiristor. Microelectrónica y circuitos integrados.

  20. Temas de Física para Ingeniería: El transistor de unión

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Augusto; Pastor Antón, Carlos; Martín García, Agapito

    1990-01-01

    El transistor de unión bipolar. Tensiones y corrientes en el transistor. El transistor como amplificador. El transistor como conmutador. Transistores unipolares o de efecto de campo. El tiristor. Microelectrónica y circuitos integrados.

  1. Agriculture et politiques agricoles aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devienne Sophie

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The new Farm Bill has just been voted, after difficult negotiations between the White House and Congress. Since the beginning of the commodity-based programs in the 1930s, the agricultural policies in United States were aimed at supporting farm commodity markets and stabilizing farmers incomes. These commodity support policies have been an important contributor to the growth of agricultural productivity and commodity surplus. In the 1950s it became apparent that export demand was capable of creating farm prosperity and became important for the surplus disposal. The US agricultural policies aimed at expanding agricultural exports, and became more offensive as the export competition grew keener. For the first time in 1996, as the market estimates were optimistic, the Fair Act raised the possibility of an end to price support activities as a mean of farm income support. But in 1998 and 1999 weakened export demand led to marked reductions in the prices of the main crops. The 2002 Farm Bill restored the safety net for the farm income. Despite high prices and expansion of demand, and in contradiction with US commitments at the WTO, the new Farm Bill keep on aiming at providing a strong safety net for farm income, which allows the growth of agricultural productivity and the increase in US agriculture competitiveness, and at expanding trade.

  2. Microporous metal organic framework [M{sub 2}(hfipbb){sub 2}(ted)] (M=Zn, Co; H{sub 2}hfipbb=4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bis(benzoic acid); ted=triethylenediamine): Synthesis, structure analysis, pore characterization, small gas adsorption and CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2} separation properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xu, William W. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 0854 (United States); Princeton High School, 151 Moore Street, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Pramanik, Sanhita [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 0854 (United States); Zhang, Zhijuan [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 0854 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641 (China); Emge, Thomas J. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 0854 (United States); Li, Jing, E-mail: jingli@rutgers.edu [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 0854 (United States)

    2013-04-15

    Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that is a major contributor to global warming. Developing methods that can effectively capture CO{sub 2} is the key to reduce its emission to the atmosphere. Recent research shows that microporous metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are emerging as a promising family of adsorbents that may be promising for use in adsorption based capture and separation of CO{sub 2} from power plant waste gases. In this work we report the synthesis, crystal structure analysis and pore characterization of two microporous MOF structures, [M{sub 2}(hfipbb){sub 2}(ted)] (M=Zn (1), Co (2); H{sub 2}hfipbb=4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bis(benzoic acid); ted=triethylenediamine). The CO{sub 2} and N{sub 2} adsorption experiments and IAST calculations are carried out on [Zn{sub 2}(hfipbb){sub 2}(ted)] under conditions that mimic post-combustion flue gas mixtures emitted from power plants. The results show that the framework interacts with CO{sub 2} strongly, giving rise to relatively high isosteric heats of adsorption (up to 28 kJ/mol), and high adsorption selectivity for CO{sub 2} over N{sub 2}, making it promising for capturing and separating CO{sub 2} from CO{sub 2}/N{sub 2} mixtures. - Graphical abstract: Microporous [Zn{sub 2}(hfipbb){sub 2}(ted)] demonstrates high adsorption selectivity for CO{sub 2} over N{sub 2} under conditions that mimic flue gas mixtures. Highlights: ► Two new porous MOFs were synthesized and characterized by rational design. ► The small pore size leads to greatly enhanced CO{sub 2}–MOF interaction. ► High adsorption selectivity of the Zn–MOF for CO{sub 2} over N{sub 2} is achieved.

  3. UniPron is A Fully Effective Non-hormonal Reversible Contraceptive in Baboon Model(Papio Anubis)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jael A.Obiero; Maureen N.Mburu; Benson M.Ndung'u; Kenneth K.Waititu; Isaac Mulei; Idle O.Farah; Peter G.Mwethera

    2008-01-01

    Objective To determine the safety and efficacy of UniPron as a reversible contraceptive.Methods Vaginal swabs were obtained before and after UniPron administration.cultured onto appropriate culture media and bacteria identification was done based on type of media used,Gram stain reactions,colony morphology and biochemical tests.Vaginal biopsy tissues were processed using paraffin wax method,stained with hematoxylin and eosin and examined under light microscopy to determine the effect of the product on vaginal tissues.The effect of UniPron on sperm was examined by mixing the product with electroejaculated spermatozoa in vitro at different concentrations.For efficacy studies,male baboons of proven fertility were mated with UniPron treated or untreated females of proven fertility during the fertile stages.Results All the five females(100%)that were treated with UniPron did not conceive and they regained total fertitity when the treatment was stopped while all the controls conceived.At a concentration of 40%,UniPron completely immobilized spermatozoa in an in-vitro system.UniPron mechanism of action was by lowering the vaginal pH and on application in baboon,the pH was lowered for at least 3 h after which it went back to normal.Conclusions As we plan for a study to test UniPron as a microbicide to prevent STIs including HIV,our current study has established that this novel product is effective in contraception and harmless to vaginal tissues and vaginal microbial flora in a baboon model(Papio anubis).

  4. Microporous metal organic framework [M2(hfipbb)2(ted)] (M=Zn, Co; H2hfipbb=4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bis(benzoic acid); ted=triethylenediamine): Synthesis, structure analysis, pore characterization, small gas adsorption and CO2/N2 separation properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, William W.; Pramanik, Sanhita; Zhang, Zhijuan; Emge, Thomas J.; Li, Jing

    2013-04-01

    Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that is a major contributor to global warming. Developing methods that can effectively capture CO2 is the key to reduce its emission to the atmosphere. Recent research shows that microporous metal organic frameworks (MOFs) are emerging as a promising family of adsorbents that may be promising for use in adsorption based capture and separation of CO2 from power plant waste gases. In this work we report the synthesis, crystal structure analysis and pore characterization of two microporous MOF structures, [M2(hfipbb)2(ted)] (M=Zn (1), Co (2); H2hfipbb=4,4-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)-bis(benzoic acid); ted=triethylenediamine). The CO2 and N2 adsorption experiments and IAST calculations are carried out on [Zn2(hfipbb)2(ted)] under conditions that mimic post-combustion flue gas mixtures emitted from power plants. The results show that the framework interacts with CO2 strongly, giving rise to relatively high isosteric heats of adsorption (up to 28 kJ/mol), and high adsorption selectivity for CO2 over N2, making it promising for capturing and separating CO2 from CO2/N2 mixtures.

  5. La armonización contable y de la auditoría en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Barrantes Barrantes

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo ¡lustra la situación de las profesiones contable y auditora en la Unión Europea Se parte de una breve htstona de la gestación de la Unión Europea, continuando con los órganos rectores y los medios documentales-jurídicos con los que se instrumenta su organización. Se muestra seguidamente cómo se encuentran institucionalizadas la profesión contable y la auditoria en los países de la Unión y se analizan las causas que originan diferencias de criterios y usos contables en dichos países Consecuentemente con este análisis, se expresan comparativamente las directivas de la propia Unión (Octava Directiva, con la doctrina y las normas internacionales de auditoria, las propuestas para llevar a cabo una armonización eficiente y eficaz de la auditoria en la Unión Europea. Finalmente, se efectúa una exposición sobre cómo nacer realidad en el futuro la armonización contable y de la auditoria en la Unión.

  6. De l’idéologie d’État au film d’éducation : itinéraire comparé de la France, de l’Italie et des États-Unis dans les années vingt From State Ideology to the Educational Film: comparative itineraries of France, Italy and the United States in the Twenties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christel Taillibert

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The political faces of the French Republic, Mussolini’s Fascist Italy and the United States of America in the Twenties are totally distinct. Nevertheless, the way these countries used educational and teaching films at the time was the product of the same intention: the transmission of the founding values of their respective systems of government. These values are, in France, the inheritance of the Enlightenment, strengthened by the republican ideals stemming from the French Revolution and the state educational model created by Jules Ferry; in Italy, Mussolini’s Nationalist Postulate, and his desire to form a “New Man”, a “regenerated race” of Italians and in the US, the raising of moral standards and the affirmation of inter-culturalism in the already well implanted notion of the “American Way of Life”. Distributed in schools and educational circles, these films, today forgotten, propose a symptomatic example of state propaganda in times of peace.

  7. La cooperación judicial en materia civil en la Unión Europea: origen, evolución y fundamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Salinas de Frías

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Lo presente artículo analiza lacooperación judicial internacional en materiacivil en la Unión Europea. Trata de losorígenes y evolución de la cooperacióninternacional desde sus fundamentos en laCarta de Naciones Unidas, presentando lacooperación internacional como un deberjurídico de responsabilidad de todos losEstados de la Unión Europea. En este caso,es analizado como un tipo especial referentea creación de mecanismos de cooperaciónjudicial dentro de una organizacióninternacional de características plurinacionales.Abstract: This article aims at analysinginternational judicial cooperation in civilmatter in the European Union. It analysesthe origins and evolution of the internationalcooperation from its backgrounds in theUnited Nations Charter, presentinginternational cooperation as a jural dutyunder the responsibility of all States in theEuropean Union. In this case, it is analysedas a special kind of cooperation regardingthe creation of international judicialcooperation mechanisms inside of aninternational organization with plurinationalcharacteristics.

  8. 29Si-NMR study of magnetic anisotropy and hyperfine interactions in the uranium-bsed ferromagnet UNiSi2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakai, Hironori [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baek, Seung H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    UNiSi{sub 2} orders ferromagnetically below T{sub Curie} = 95 K. This material crystallizes in the orthorhombic CeNiSi{sub 2}-type structure. The uranium atoms form double-layers, which are stacked along the crystallographic b axis (the longest axis). From magnetization measurement the easy (hard) magnetization axis is found to be the c axis (b axis). {sup 29}Si-NMR measurements have been performed in the paramagnetic state. In UNiSi{sub 2}, two crystallographic Si sites exist with orthorhombic local symmetry. The Knight shifts on each Si site have been estimated from the spectra of random and oriented powders. The transferred hyperfine couplings have been also derived. It is found that the transferred hyperfine coupling constants on each Si site are nearly isotropic, and that their Knight shift anisotropy comes from that of the bulk susceptibility. The nuclear-spin lattice relaxation rate 1/T{sub 1} shows temperature-independent behavior, which indicates the existence of localized 5f electron.

  9. Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) Versus Original and PErFecTED Prostate Artery Embolization (PAE) Due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Preliminary Results of a Single Center, Prospective, Urodynamic-Controlled Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carnevale, Francisco C., E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Interventional Radiology Unit (Brazil); Iscaife, Alexandre, E-mail: iscaifeboni@yahoo.com.br; Yoshinaga, Eduardo M., E-mail: dumuracca@ig.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Division of Urology (Brazil); Moreira, Airton Mota, E-mail: motamoreira@gmail.com [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Interventional Radiology Unit (Brazil); Antunes, Alberto A., E-mail: antunesuro@uol.com.br; Srougi, Miguel, E-mail: srougi@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Division of Urology (Brazil)

    2016-01-15

    PurposeTo compare clinical and urodynamic results of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) to original and PErFecTED prostate artery embolization (PAE) methods for benign prostatic hyperplasia.MethodsWe prospectively randomized 30 patients to receive TURP or original PAE (oPAE) and compared them to a cohort of patients treated by PErFecTED PAE, with a minimum of 1-year follow-up. Patients were assessed for urodynamic parameters, prostate volume, international prostate symptom score (IPSS), and quality of life (QoL).ResultsAll groups were comparable for all pre-treatment parameters except bladder contractility and peak urine flow rate (Q{sub max}), both of which were significantly better in the TURP group, and IIEF score, which was significantly higher among PErFecTED PAE patients than TURP patients. All groups experienced significant improvement in IPSS, QoL, prostate volume, and Q{sub max}. TURP and PErFecTED PAE both resulted in significantly lower IPSS than oPAE but were not significantly different from one another. TURP resulted in significantly higher Q{sub max} and significantly smaller prostate volume than either original or PErFecTED PAE but required spinal anesthesia and hospitalization. Two patients in the oPAE group with hypocontractile bladders experienced recurrence of symptoms and were treated with TURP. In the TURP group, urinary incontinence occurred in 4/15 patients (26.7 %), rupture of the prostatic capsule in 1/15 (6.7 %), retrograde ejaculation in all patients (100 %), and one patient was readmitted for temporary bladder irrigation due to hematuria.ConclusionsTURP and PAE are both safe and effective treatments. TURP and PErFecTED PAE yield similar symptom improvement, but TURP is associated with both better urodynamic results and more adverse events.

  10. Direito e reprodução humana assistida nas uniões homoafetivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Márcio Carvalho da Silva

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available A reprodução humana assistida em uniões homoafetivas é uma temática envolta em controvérsias na sociedade contemporânea, motico pelo qual o Poder Judiciário frequentemente é acionado no intuito de dirimir os conflitos existentes. Apesar da união de pessoas do mesmo sexo ser uma configuração familiar cada vez mais frequente no Brasil, o ordenamento brasileiro ainda é frágil em relação ao deslinde da questão. A inexistência de mecanismos legais específicos no país coloca o assunto em uma posição vulnerável a questionamentos éticos, morais, médicos, religiosos e sociais. Considerando este cenário de inegável transformação da estrutura familiar, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal analisar as repercussões jurídicas da reprodução humana assistida nas uniões homoafetivas. As considerações trazidas por este trabalho sinalizam que mesmo diante de alguns avanços, lacunas importantes necessitam ser preenchidas no âmbito do Direito. Algumas sentenças já foram favoráveis ao reconhecimento da paternidade e maternidade de casais homoafetivos cujos filhos foram gerados por meio de métodos de reprodução assistida, entretanto, as respostas aos dilemas que envolvem esse tipo de cinstituição familiar contemporânea ainda carecem de mecanismos legais mais concretos.

  11. Fortaleza Europa. Comentarios a las pol??ticas sobre refugiados en la Uni??n Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Cerigioni, Elisabetta

    2004-01-01

    Desde hace quince a??os, la cooperaci??n intergubernamental sobre asilo e inmigraci??n se ha vuelto de forma legal prioritaria en Europa; tal fue el caso de la b??squeda de un sistema com??n a todos los asilos, a nivel europeo. El articulo trata de las ???pol??ticas para asilados y refugiados???, que ponen en nueva luz el mecanismo de integraci??n europea. El refugiado que busca asilo a trav??s de la Uni??n Europea, tendr?? que confrontarse con la realidad europea es decir con lo que los est...

  12. Biomarcadores del estado inflamatorio: nexo de unión con la obesidad y complicaciones asociadas

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo ha consistido en realizar una revisión de los biomarcadores que actualmente se proponen como el nexo de unión entre la inflamación, la obesidad y complicaciones asociadas, seleccionando los estudios llevados a cabo y las cuestiones pendientes. Cada vez hay mayor evidencia científica de que la inflamación puede jugar un papel importante en la etiología de diversas enfermedades crónicas de gran relevancia para la salud pública. En los últimos ...

  13. A Constitutive Model for Uni-axial Compaction of Non-adhesive Corn Stalk Powder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Dong; Sun Yanling

    2004-01-01

    In order to study mechanical behaviors of corn stalk powder during the compaction, the yield criterion for corn stalk powder is proposed with a plasticity theory. From the stress-strain curves of uni-axial compaction test for corn stalk powder, the constitutive model, in which the equations are modified by experiments on corn stalk powder, is adopted to describe plastic behaviors of powder, and is discussed based on the incremental theory and deformation theory. The numerical results agree well with the experimental ones.

  14. Intrinsic-Stabilization Uni-Directional Quantum Key Distribution Between Beijing and Tianjin

    CERN Document Server

    Mo, X; Han, Z; Gui, Y; Guo, G; Mo, Xiao-fan; Zhu, Bing; Han, Zheng-fu; Gui, You-zhen; Guo, Guang-can

    2004-01-01

    Quantum key distribution provides unconditional security for communication. Unfortunately, current experiment schemes are not suitable for long-distance fiber transmission because of instability or backscattering. We present a uni-directional intrinsic-stabilization scheme that is based on Michelson-Faraday interferometers, in which reflectors are replaced with 90 degree Faraday mirrors. With the scheme, key exchange from Beijing to Tianjin over 125 kilometers with an average error rate is below 6% has been achieved and its limited distance exceeds 150 kilometers. Experimental result shows the system is insensitive to environment and can run over day and night without any break even in the noise workshop.

  15. The Digital Strategy: a new era in e-book provision at UniSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleanor Thomas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The University of South Australia Library (UniSA has long recognized the advantages of e-books. In late 2011, the Library implemented a Digital Strategy that resulted in dramatic changes to the proportion of print and electronic monograph resources being acquired for the Library collection. The building of a new Learning Centre prompted the Digital Strategy and has provided both opportunities and challenges for the Library. This article examines the issues behind the creation of the Strategy and the impacts on academics, librarians, vendors and students.

  16. La competencia emprendedora como tendencia educativa supranacional en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Los organismos internacionales son cada vez más importantes en la definición de las agendas políticas en materia educativa, siendo el aprendizaje por competencias un claro ejemplo de estos procesos de globalización educativa. Del conjunto de ocho Competencias Clave definidas por la Unión Europea, la “iniciativa y el espíritu emprendedor” está despertado un gran interés. El artículo tiene como principal objetivo definir y analizar el significado preciso que se da a la competencia emprendedora,...

  17. Cuba y la Unión Europea. Una perspectiva histórica

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Ojeda Revah

    2012-01-01

    El artículo pasa revista a las relaciones de Cuba con los principales países de Europa Occidental, desde el triunfo de la Revolución cubana hasta la caída del bloque soviético. Asimismo explora las relaciones del régimen revolucionario cubano con la unión Europea durante el periodo especial, los constantes desencuentros entre la Isla y la uE, especialmente tras la asunción por el bloque europeo de la Posición Común y la represión de la disidencia durante la llamada Primavera Negra . El art...

  18. Consumo de alimentos y calidad de la dieta en estudiantes universitarios: Proyecto uniHcos

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz Moncada, Rocío; Norte Navarro, Aurora; E. Jiménez Mejías; Delgado, M.; Valero, L.F.; Cancela, J.M.; ALGUACIL, J.; Martín, V.

    2014-01-01

    Antecedentes/Objetivos: La etapa universitaria se caracteriza por cambios en estilos de vida y, la alimentación es uno de los de mayor variación, especialmente en los primeros cursos. El objetivo de este estudio es describir la frecuencia de consumo de alimentos y la calidad de la dieta de los universitarios españoles. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, multicéntrico de estudiantes universitarios de primer año participantes en el proyecto uniHcos. Población de 1363 est...

  19. A NEW FOOD CHAIN APPROACH: UNI EN ISO 22005:2008 VOLUNTARY CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Guidi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work summarize an experience of auditing according to new UNI EN ISO 22005:2008. This new food chain certification scheme, arisen from two different European schemes of internal and external traceability certification, requires companies to build up their own check plans considering all components in food chain processing. This new approach, also derived from the European legislation, wants to verify if traceability system is under control and to verify if corrective actions to warrant hygienic production standards are built up.

  20. CRISIS ECONÓMICA Y POBREZA INFANTIL: efectos divergentes en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Sarasa Urdiola

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto muestra que, pese a las predicciones de que hay una convergencia de regímenes de bienestar a causa de la globalización, la gran crisis de empleo iniciada en 2008 ha puesto de manifiesto como, incluso dentro de la Unión Europea, los efectos de la crisis sobre la pobreza infantil han sido muy dispares a causa de la interacción entre diferentes estructuras productivas, una regulación heterogéna del mercado de trabajo y políticas sociales dispares en la protección a la infancia.

  1. Biomarcadores del estado inflamatorio: nexo de unión con la obesidad y complicaciones asociadas

    OpenAIRE

    Zulet, M.A. (María Ángeles); Puchau, B. (Blanca); Navarro, C.; Marti, A; Martinez, J. A.

    2007-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo ha consistido en realizar una revisión de los biomarcadores que actualmente se proponen como el nexo de unión entre la inflamación, la obesidad y complicaciones asociadas, seleccionando los estudios llevados a cabo y las cuestiones pendientes. Cada vez hay mayor evidencia científica de que la inflamación puede jugar un papel importante en la etiología de diversas enfermedades crónicas de gran relevancia para la salud pública. En los últimos ...

  2. Compilation ideas on TED-Med Viewing, Listening & Speaking%《TED医学英语视听说》教材编写设想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红艳; 苏然

    2016-01-01

    拟编撰的《TED医学英语视听说》教材以期服务于医学院校学术英语视听说教学。学术英语教学的实际需求以及TED演讲的独特优势是该教材编写的主要依据;编写理念秉承“以学习为中心、坚持语言有意义的信息输入”。编写步骤主要分为准备、撰写、评估三阶段。编写原则为语言和医学知识有机结合,强调材料与任务真实性、能力培养科学性、适合自主性学习。主要内容涵盖医学领域内人文、健康、疾病、科技四大主题,每一主题下设三单元子话题;确保内容具有趣味性、知识性和可思性。%TED-Med Viewing, Listening&Speaking is compiled to serve academic audio-visual-oral English teaching in medical colleges. This paper elaborates some compilation ideas concerning this text-book. First, both the urgent needs of academic English teaching and the unique advantages of TED speech are the major stimulus to compiling this textbook. Second, its compiling philosophy adheres to "learning centered, meaningful input". Third, compiling process is divided into three stages-preparation, writing and evaluation. Third, compiling principles includes four aspects: language and medical knowledge integrate organically, the text and the task are authentic; proficiency training approaches are scientific; and the text-book is suitable for autonomous learning. Forth, the main content covers four medicine-related themes-humanity, health, disease, science and technology; each theme consists of three sub topics with 12 units (topics) in total; the content is interesting, informative and reflective. These compilation ideas prove to be scientific and feasible demonstrated by English teachers and medical experts. TED-Med Viewing, Listening&Speaking is expected to be completed and published earlier in order to promote academic English teach-ing and research in medical colleges.

  3. Impact of local donor and regionalization on a German transplantation center. UNI NRW. Universities of North Rhine Westfalia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, C; Deng, M C; Gradaus, R; Kley, S; Breithardt, G; Scheld, H H

    1999-01-01

    Optimal allocation of donor organs is an ongoing matter of debate. We report on the impact of the foundation of UNI NRW, a close transplant collaboration of seven university centers with the intention of improving donor organ allocation, on the heart transplant program in Münster. All donor organs retrieved were offered first to the patients within this region before going into the Eurotransplant (ET) Foundation pool. The heart transplant program data were prospectively (for 1997) and retrospectively (for 1996) analyzed with regard to donor organ availability and allocation. There was a slight decrease in the number of donor hearts offered and accepted within the UNI NRW region in 1997 as compared to in 1996. However, due to the significantly lower organ export rate, the number of heart transplantations performed in UNI NRW rose from 47 to 72 procedures. In Münster, only six donor organs (16%) were procured from outside UNI NRW in 1997, and these were, in part, due to special urgency requests. In conclusion, the institutionalization of UNI NRW within the framework of ET offers more flexibility, decreases total ischemic time, and may help to lower costs.

  4. La pauvreté post-industrielle au Royaume-Uni (Post-Industrial Poverty in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Nativel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La pauvreté est un phénomène qui se pose avec acuité au Royaume-Uni, berceau de la révolution industrielle, du Welfare State et de la contre-révolution néolibérale thatchérienne. L'article examine les approches utilisées pour mesurer la pauvreté, dresse un profil des populations les plus touchées, pour ensuite s'intéresser aux principales conséquences et aux réponses apportées par les pouvoirs publics depuis une quinzaine d'années. Plus récemment, la mise en œuvre d'un plan d'austérité draconienne sous le gouvernement de David Cameron accentue le phénomène de paupérisation en entraînant une augmentation de l'endettement des ménages les plus démunis. Cette situation a suscité un réveil des mouvements contestataires qui placent la lutte contre la pauvreté au cœur de leurs revendications.(Acute poverty exists in the UK, the cradle of the industrial revolution, the Welfare State and Thatcher’s counter-revolutionary neo-liberalism. The article first examines the methods used to measure poverty, describes a profile of those most affected. Next it looks at the main consequences and the official response over the past fifteen years. Poverty has worsened as a result of the recent adoption of austerity measures by the government of David Cameron, which have led to an increase in the household debt of the least well off. This situation has reinvigorated the protest movements whose focus is on the fight against poverty.

  5. USA and European Union. Loyal allies? A new episode in energy diplomacy; Verenigde Staten en Europese Unie. Trouwe bondgenoten? Nieuwe episode in energiediplomatie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Linde, C.; Hoogeveen, F.

    2005-07-15

    The authors focus on a new chapter in energy diplomacy of the United States and the European Union. They deal with various relevant causes of the structural change in global petrol and gas markets in the context of Transatlantic relations. Their key question is whether efforts at improving energy security will help maintain the Transatlantic relationship or rather act as divisive element. [Dutch] De auteurs richten zich op een nieuw hoofdstuk in de energie-diplomatie van de Verenigde Staten en de Europese Unie. Zij bespreken diverse relevante oorzaken van de structurele veranderingen in de wereldwijde benzine-en gasmarkten in het kader van de transatlantische betrekkingen. Hun belangrijkste vraag is of de inspanningen ter verbetering van de energie zekerheid de trans-Atlantische relatie zal helpen onderhouden van als splijtzwam zal fungeren.

  6. UniEuk: Time to Speak a Common Language in Protistology!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berney, Cédric; Ciuprina, Andreea; Bender, Sara; Brodie, Juliet; Edgcomb, Virginia; Kim, Eunsoo; Rajan, Jeena; Parfrey, Laura Wegener; Adl, Sina; Audic, Stéphane; Bass, David; Caron, David A; Cochrane, Guy; Czech, Lucas; Dunthorn, Micah; Geisen, Stefan; Glöckner, Frank Oliver; Mahé, Frédéric; Quast, Christian; Kaye, Jonathan Z; Simpson, Alastair G B; Stamatakis, Alexandros; Del Campo, Javier; Yilmaz, Pelin; de Vargas, Colomban

    2017-05-01

    Universal taxonomic frameworks have been critical tools to structure the fields of botany, zoology, mycology, and bacteriology as well as their large research communities. Animals, plants, and fungi have relatively solid, stable morpho-taxonomies built over the last three centuries, while bacteria have been classified for the last three decades under a coherent molecular taxonomic framework. By contrast, no such common language exists for microbial eukaryotes, even though environmental '-omics' surveys suggest that protists make up most of the organismal and genetic complexity of our planet's ecosystems! With the current deluge of eukaryotic meta-omics data, we urgently need to build up a universal eukaryotic taxonomy bridging the protist -omics age to the fragile, centuries-old body of classical knowledge that has effectively linked protist taxa to morphological, physiological, and ecological information. UniEuk is an open, inclusive, community-based and expert-driven international initiative to build a flexible, adaptive universal taxonomic framework for eukaryotes. It unites three complementary modules, EukRef, EukBank, and EukMap, which use phylogenetic markers, environmental metabarcoding surveys, and expert knowledge to inform the taxonomic framework. The UniEuk taxonomy is directly implemented in the European Nucleotide Archive at EMBL-EBI, ensuring its broad use and long-term preservation as a reference taxonomy for eukaryotes. © 2017 The Author(s) Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society of Protistologists.

  7. Prediction of Metabolic Pathway Involvement in Prokaryotic UniProtKB Data by Association Rule Mining

    KAUST Repository

    Boudellioua, Imane

    2016-07-08

    The widening gap between known proteins and their functions has encouraged the development of methods to automatically infer annotations. Automatic functional annotation of proteins is expected to meet the conflicting requirements of maximizing annotation coverage, while minimizing erroneous functional assignments. This trade-off imposes a great challenge in designing intelligent systems to tackle the problem of automatic protein annotation. In this work, we present a system that utilizes rule mining techniques to predict metabolic pathways in prokaryotes. The resulting knowledge represents predictive models that assign pathway involvement to UniProtKB entries. We carried out an evaluation study of our system performance using cross-validation technique. We found that it achieved very promising results in pathway identification with an F1-measure of 0.982 and an AUC of 0.987. Our prediction models were then successfully applied to 6.2 million UniProtKB/TrEMBL reference proteome entries of prokaryotes. As a result, 663,724 entries were covered, where 436,510 of them lacked any previous pathway annotations.

  8. Blade Vortex Interaction of Bi-directional flow in a Uni-directional Impulse Turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velez, Carlos

    2011-11-01

    Uni-directional impulse turbines are used for the extraction of wave energy by converting oscillating air flow generated by waves into uni-directional rotational energy. The symmetric airfoil design requires a large camber, in order to function in bi-directional flow, which creates a large boundary layer separation region towards the trailing edge of the blade. A three-dimensional, viscous, transient turbulent CFD model with rotating reference frame is created to model the blade vortex interaction (BVI) which occurs during transient bi-directional air flow. Various LES models are compared to determine an adequate turbulence model to accurately resolve the vortices created on the blade trailing edge. A study of the adverse effects of this BVI is conducted and a novel blade jet technique is introduced to prevent the separation of air flow from the trailing edge of the blade. Results show strong stresses arise from BVI during bi-directional transitional flow and the effectiveness of the blade jet technique in diminishing flow separation is successfully demonstrated. Results indicate that the increase in blade lift is linearly proportional to the blade jet mass flow rate once the jet velocity reaches approximately 120% of the turbine inlet velocity and that the increase in efficiency created by the blade jets are greater than the loss in efficiency in reducing the mass flow rate extracted from the inlet to the blade jet.

  9. Studying fatigue damage evolution in uni-directional composites using x-ray computed tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lars Pilgaard

    , it will be possible to lower the costs of energy for wind energy based electricity. In the present work, a lab-source x-ray computed tomography equipment (Zeiss Xradia 520 Versa) has been used in connection with ex-situ fatigue testing of uni-directional composites in order to identify fibre failure during...... the fatigue loading. The load carrying laminates in wind turbine blades is typically based on a number of non-crimp fabrics in which the load carrying fibres are oriented in the axial direction of the blades. In order to ease the handling of the fabric during the dry fabric layup and to ensure a good...... alignment of the final laminates, approximately 10% of the fibres are oriented in secondary directions as so-called backing bundles and stitched to the uni-directionally oriented bundles. Due to the coarse structure of the non-crimp fabric, test samples with a larger cross-section (compared to other...

  10. OnlineTED.com − a novel web-based audience response system for higher education. A pilot study to evaluate user acceptance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kühbeck, Felizian

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background and aim: Audience response (AR systems are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education. However, high costs and complexity of conventional AR systems often limit their use. Here we present a novel AR system that is platform independent and does not require hardware clickers or additional software to be installed.Methods and results: “OnlineTED” was developed at Technische Universität München (TUM based on Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP with a My Structured Query Language (MySQL-database as server- and Javascript as client-side programming languages. “OnlineTED” enables lecturers to create and manage question sets online and start polls in-class via a web-browser. Students can participate in the polls with any internet-enabled device (smartphones, tablet-PCs or laptops. A paper-based survey was conducted with undergraduate medical students and lecturers at TUM to compare "OnlineTED" with conventional AR systems using clickers. "OnlineTED" received above-average evaluation results by both students and lecturers at TUM and was seen on par or superior to conventional AR systems. The survey results indicated that up to 80% of students at TUM own an internet-enabled device (smartphone or tablet-PC for participation in web-based AR technologies.Summary and Conclusion: “OnlineTED” is a novel web-based and platform-independent AR system for higher education that was well received by students and lecturers. As a non-commercial alternative to conventional AR systems it may foster interactive teaching in undergraduate education, in particular with large audiences.

  11. College English Teaching in the Digital Age-TED Application Prospects%数字时代的大学英语教学--TED应用展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛玮; 戴月兰

    2015-01-01

    随着新的教育技术的发展和开放教育资源运动的兴起,高等教育正在经历着巨大的变革。开放教育资源中的TED演讲以其前瞻性、趣味性和科学性受到了国外高等教育界的关注。TED演讲以英语语言为媒介,包含了演讲者演讲技巧、语言艺术和“值得传播的思想”等多层面的内容,对于学生语言技能的提高、跨文化交际能力和创新能力的形成、跨文化交际能力的培养有积极的意义。%With the rise of new educational technology and open educational resources movement, higher education is undergoing tremendous change. TED Open Educational Resources in its forward-looking speech, fun and scientific attention abroad by the higher education sector. TED lecture in English language media, including the speaker presentation skills, lan-guage arts, and"ideas worth spreading"and so multi-faceted, to improve students' language skills, cross-cultural communi-cation skills and ability to form innovative, cross-cultural communicative ability has a positive meaning.

  12. Unión de Naciones Suramericanas -100 Días-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Láster Gutiérrez Cuadro

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenPor considerar que las revistas son un medio de comunicación importante para la difusión de temas de interés en laformación de los nuevos profesionales, he solicitado permiso al Periódico “Minka News, de Londres”, para publicarel valioso resumen que se hace referente a la “Unión de Naciones Suramericanas”, para que de esta manera quedeen la mente de nuestros estudiantes un referente que les permita hacer un ejercicio crítico y reflexivo respectoa los aconteceres de América Latina, a partir de interrogantes como: ¿Qué se pretende con la Unión de NacionesSuramericanas?, ¿Cuál es el propósito político?, ¿Cuál es el propósito económico?, ¿Qué relevancia tendrá parael desarrollo de América Latina?, ¿Qué papel jugarán los residentes raizales y adoptivos de América Latina?, estosson algunos de los interrogantes que se pueden plantear en aras de debatir a través de procesos de investigaciónde la Universidad. La transcripción es textual, incluso en el idioma que se publicó alguna parte del texto, es decir,sin cambios y ni tratamientos para adoptarla a intereses particulares; el propósito es dejar en los lectores un conocimientode la existencia de la “Unión de Naciones Suramericanas”Palabras Claves: Unasur; Unión Europea; Bloque económico; Unión de países; Libre transito. Abstract:Considering that magazines are an important medium for the dissemination of topics of interest in the formationof the new professionals, I have requested permission to the newspaper “Minka News, London,” to publish thevaluable summary referred to the “South American Union of Nations”, for it would be in the minds of our students abenchmark that will enable them to exercise a critical and thoughtful regard to happen in Latin America, starting withquestions like: What is intended by the South American Union of Nations, “What is the political purpose,” What is theeconomic purpose, what would have relevance to the

  13. Open Online Courses in Public Health: experience from Peoples-uni [version 1; referees: 1 approved, 2 approved with reservations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard F. Heller

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Open Online Courses (OOCs are offered by Peoples-uni at http://ooc.peoples-uni.org to complement the courses run on a separate site for academic credit at http://courses.peoples-uni.org. They provide a wide range of online learning resources beyond those usually found in credit bearing Public Health courses. They are self-paced, and students can enrol themselves at any time and utilise Open Educational Resources free of copyright restrictions.  In the two years that courses have been running, 1174 students from 100 countries have registered and among the 1597 enrollments in 15 courses, 15% gained a certificate of completion. Easily accessible and appealing to a wide geographical and professional audience, OOCs have the potential to play a part in establishing global Public Health capacity building programmes.

  14. Open Online Courses in Public Health: experience from Peoples-uni [version 2; referees: 1 approved, 2 approved with reservations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard F. Heller

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Open Online Courses (OOCs are offered by Peoples-uni at http://ooc.peoples-uni.org to complement the courses run on a separate site for academic credit at http://courses.peoples-uni.org. They provide a wide range of online learning resources beyond those usually found in credit bearing Public Health courses. They are self-paced, and students can enrol themselves at any time and utilise Open Educational Resources free of copyright restrictions.  In the two years that courses have been running, 1174 students from 100 countries have registered and among the 1597 enrolments in 14 courses, 15% gained a certificate of completion. Easily accessible and appealing to a wide geographical and professional audience, OOCs have the potential to play a part in establishing global Public Health capacity building programmes.

  15. Development, Methodology and Potential of the New Universal Visual Scoring System (UniViSS for Caries Detection and Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Oehme

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Given the limitations of adjunct caries detection and diagnostic tools, e.g., imperfect validity and reproducibility, as well as the difficulties in controlling all possible confounding factors, the need for an objective visual caries detection and diagnosis system has become evident. Our work has therefore aimed at systematizing caries lesions with the Universal Visual Scoring System (UniViSS for occlusal and smooth surface lesions, which can be used for primary and permanent teeth, as well as under clinical, epidemiological, public health and laboratory conditions. Besides the description of the development and methodology of UniViSS, it is shown that UniViSS allows an accurate and reproducible classification of caries lesions on occlusal surfaces.

  16. El régimen fiscal de las cooperativas y el Derecho de la Unión Europea

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marina Aguilar Rubio

    2016-01-01

    ... con la interpretación del Derecho de la Unión Europea realizada por algunas Instituciones. El estudio realiza un recorrido sobre las actuaciones de las Instituciones de la Unión Europea en relación con las medidas fiscales específicas de las cooperativas con objeto de enmarcar correctamente la situación jurídica actual de estas sociedades y valorar la necesidad de reforma de su régimen legal y, en su caso, los términos de la misma.Recibido: 10.06.2016 Aceptado: 30.09.2016

  17. Hierarchical Storage Management at the NASA Center for Computational Sciences: From UniTree to SAM-QFS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmon, Ellen; Tarshish, Adina; Palm, Nancy; Patel, Sanjay; Saletta, Marty; Vanderlan, Ed; Rouch, Mike; Burns, Lisa; Duffy, Daniel; Caine, Robert

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the data management issues associated with a large center like the NCCS and how these issues are addressed. More specifically, the focus of this paper is on the recent transition from a legacy UniTree (Legato) system to a SAM-QFS (Sun) system. Therefore, this paper will describe the motivations, from both a hardware and software perspective, for migrating from one system to another. Coupled with the migration from UniTree into SAM-QFS, the complete mass storage environment was upgraded to provide high availability, redundancy, and enhanced performance. This paper will describe the resulting solution and lessons learned throughout the migration process.

  18. Efectos del Tratado de la Unión Europea en el gasto militar: eficiencia o descapitalización

    OpenAIRE

    Vázquez Ramos, José Alfredo

    1996-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene por objeto determinar el efecto que el Tratado de la Unión Europea (TUE), tanto a través de la Política Exterior y de Seguridad Común (PESC), como de los criterios de convergencia nominal, ha producido sobre el gasto militar español y su eficiencia. El primer paso en este análisis pasa por construir un indicador que permita medir la "calidad" del bien público Defensa y evaluar esta variable en el seno de los compromisos de la Unión. Los resultados obtenidos muestran finalme...

  19. El papel de la Unión Europea en las negociaciones internacionales sobre cambio climático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delia Contreras García

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque la Unión Europea se ha esforzado en asumir el liderazgo internacional en la lucha contra el cambio climático, una serie de factores han dejado al descubierto los defectos y debilidades que minimizan el liderazgo europeo. En este contexto nuestro estudio tiene por objetivo valorar los principales parámetros en los que se basa la política medioambiental de la Unión Europea, a fin de determinar si la organización goza de la legitimidad necesaria para impulsar los esfuerzos internacionales destinados a frenar el calentamiento global.

  20. Results of the attitude reconstruction for the UniSat-6 microsatellite using in-orbit data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battistini, Simone; Cappelletti, Chantal; Graziani, Filippo

    2016-10-01

    UniSat-6 is a civilian microsatellite that was launched in orbit on the 19th of June, 2014. Its main mission consisted in the in-orbit release of a number of on-board carried Cubesats and in the transmission to the UniSat-6 ground station of telemetry data and images from an on-board mounted camera. The spacecraft is equipped with a passive magnetic attitude control system. Gyros and magnetometers provide the information about the attitude of the spacecraft.

  1. La gobernanza de la crisis. Opinión de los ciudadanos de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvarez Sousa, Antonio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the opinion of citizens resident in EU member States regarding the actor that is best able to take effective actions against the effects of the financial and economic crisis, and that is best-placed to regulate and reform the global financial market. We start from the theory of multipolarity and the presentation of the various actors that may be intervene in the governance of the crisis. We then go on to present a number of theories that explain people’s propensity to choosing one or another actor. Finally we analyze the opinion of European citizens, using data from the Eurobarometer. We apply multilevel analysis techniques, including individual and contextual variables.El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la opinión de los ciudadanos de la Unión Europea sobre quién es el actor más capaz de emprender acciones eficaces contra los efectos de la crisis financiera y económica, y quién es el actor más apropiado para regular y reformar el mercado financiero mundial. Partimos de la teoría de la multipolaridad y de la presentación de los distintos actores que pueden intervenir en la gobernanza de la crisis. Después exponemos diversas teorías que explican la propensión de la población a elegir a uno u otro actor. Seguidamente, analizamos la opinión de los ciudadanos europeos, tomando datos del Eurobarómetro. Aplicamos la técnica de análisis multinivel, incluyendo variables individuales y contextuales.

  2. Uni-directional consumer-resource theory characterizing transitions of interaction outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y.; DeAngelis, D.L.; Holland, J.N.

    2011-01-01

    A resource is considered here to be a biotic population that helps to maintain the population growth of its consumers, whereas a consumer utilizes a resource and in turn decreases its growth rate. Bi-directional consumer-resource (C-R) interactions have been the object of recent theory. In these interactions, each species acts, in some respects, as both a consumer and a resource of the other, which is the basis of many mutualisms. In uni-directional C-R interactions between two species, one acts as a consumer and the other as a material and/or energy resource, while neither acts as both. The relationship between insect pollinator/seed parasites and the host plant is an example of the latter interaction type of C-R, as the insect provides no material resource to the plant (though it provides a pollination service). In this paper we consider a different variation of the uni-directional C-R interaction, in which the resource species has both positive and negative effects on the consumer species, while the consumer has only a negative effect on the resource. A predator-prey system in which the prey is able to kill or consume predator eggs or larvae is an example. Our aim is to demonstrate mechanisms by which interaction outcomes of this system vary with different conditions, and thus to extend the uni-directional C-R theory established by Holland and DeAngelis (2009). By the analysis of a specific two-species system, it is shown that there is no periodic solution of the system, and the parameter (factor) space can be divided into six regions, which correspond to predation/parasitism, amensalism, and competition. The interaction outcomes of the system transition smoothly when the parameters are changed continuously in the six regions and/or initial densities of the species vary in a smooth fashion. Varying a pair of parameters can also result in the transitions. The analysis leads to both conditions under which the species approach their maximal densities, and

  3. A comparison between uni- and multidimensional frailty measures: prevalence, functional status, and relationships with disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roppolo M

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Mattia Roppolo,1,2 Anna Mulasso,1 Robbert J Gobbens,3,4 Cristina O Mosso,1 Emanuela Rabaglietti1 1Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy; 2Department of Developmental Psychology, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; 3Faculty of Health, Sports and Social Work, Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 4Zonnehuisgroep Amstelland, Amstelveen, the Netherlands Background: Over the years, a plethora of frailty assessment tools has been developed. These instruments can be basically grouped into two types of conceptualizations – unidimensional, based on the physical–biological dimension – and multidimensional, based on the connections among the physical, psychological, and social domains. At present, studies on the comparison between uni- and multidimensional frailty measures are limited.Objective: The aims of this paper were: 1 to compare the prevalence of frailty obtained using a uni- and a multidimensional measure; 2 to analyze differences in the functional status among individuals captured as frail or robust by the two measures; and 3 to investigate relations between the two frailty measures and disability.Methods: Two hundred and sixty-seven community-dwelling older adults (73.4±6 years old, 59.9% of women participated in this cross-sectional study. The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS index and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI were used to measure frailty in a uni- and multidimensional way, respectively. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, and the Loneliness Scale were administered to evaluate the functional status. Disability was assessed using the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale. Data were treated with descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance, correlations, and receiver operating characteristic analyses through the evaluation of the areas under the curve.Results: Results showed that

  4. The Sources of Instability in the Twenty-First Century: Weak States, Armed Groups, and Irregular Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    http://www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR897.html; Ted R. Gurr, Peoples versus States: Minorities at Risk in the New Century (Washington: US...Israel: Ben-Gurion University Press, 2007). 37. Matthew Levitt , Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad (New Haven: Yale

  5. Thermodynamics of ion exchange equilibrium for some uni-univalent and divalent reaction systems using strongly basic anion exchange resin Indion FF-IP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.U. Singare

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The study on thermodynamics of ion exchange equilibrium for uni-univalent Cl-/I-, Cl-/Br-, and uni-divalent Cl-/SO42-, Cl-/C2O42- reaction systems was carried out using ion exchange resin Indion FF-IP. The equilibrium constant K was calculated by taking into account the activity coefficient of ions both in solution as well as in the resin phase. For uni-univalent ion exchange reaction systems, the equilibrium constant K’ were also calculated by considering mole fraction of ions in the resin phase. The K values calculated for uni-univalent and uni-divalent anion exchange reaction systems were observed to increase with rise in temperature, indicating the endothermic exchange reactions having enthalpy values of 22.45, 28.57, 17.84, 15.97 kJ/mol, respectively.

  6. Simulating of marble subjected to uni-axial loading using index-parabola damage model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温世游; 李夕兵; 骆达成

    2001-01-01

    The limitations of several existing classical rock damage models were critically appraised. Thereafter, a description of a new model to estimate the response of rock was provided. The results of an investigation lead to the development and confirmation of a new index-parabola damage model. The new model is divided into two parts, fictitious damage and real damage and bordered by the critical damage point. In fictitious damage, the damage variable follows the index distribution, while in the real damage a parabolic distribution is used. Thus, the so-called index-parabola damage model is derived. The proposed damage model is applied to simulate the damage procedure of marble under uni-axial loading. The results of the tests show that the proposed model is in excellent agreement with experimental data, in particular the nonlinear characteristic of rock deformation is adequately represented.

  7. La titularidad el permiso de maternidad en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Campos, Ana Isabel

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La configuración de los derechos de conciliación provoca dudas razonables acerca de su compatibilidad con los principios de igualdad y no discriminación, y ha obligado a cambios recientes en los últimos años gracias a la interpretación del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea. Las medidas adoptadas han resultado ser insuficientes o inadecuadas. Desde hace algunos años, el legislador comunitario viene sometiendo a un proceso de cambios a las normas comunitarias que inciden en la conciliación de la vida laboral, familiar y personal, como es la corresponsabilidad en las cargas familiares. No obstante, a día de hoy, el engranaje jurídico que ha resultado de su trabajo no sirve adecuadamente a su objetivo de poner fin a las deficiencias generadas por la normativa comunitaria.

  8. Physically-Based Reduced Order Modelling of a Uni-Axial Polysilicon MEMS Accelerometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Zerbini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the mechanical response of a commercial off-the-shelf, uni-axial polysilicon MEMS accelerometer subject to drops is numerically investigated. To speed up the calculations, a simplified physically-based (beams and plate, two degrees of freedom model of the movable parts of the sensor is adopted. The capability and the accuracy of the model are assessed against three-dimensional finite element simulations, and against outcomes of experiments on instrumented samples. It is shown that the reduced order model provides accurate outcomes as for the system dynamics. To also get rather accurate results in terms of stress fields within regions that are prone to fail upon high-g shocks, a correction factor is proposed by accounting for the local stress amplification induced by re-entrant corners.

  9. Physically-based reduced order modelling of a uni-axial polysilicon MEMS accelerometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghisi, Aldo; Mariani, Stefano; Corigliano, Alberto; Zerbini, Sarah

    2012-10-17

    In this paper, the mechanical response of a commercial off-the-shelf, uni-axial polysilicon MEMS accelerometer subject to drops is numerically investigated. To speed up the calculations, a simplified physically-based (beams and plate), two degrees of freedom model of the movable parts of the sensor is adopted. The capability and the accuracy of the model are assessed against three-dimensional finite element simulations, and against outcomes of experiments on instrumented samples. It is shown that the reduced order model provides accurate outcomes as for the system dynamics. To also get rather accurate results in terms of stress fields within regions that are prone to fail upon high-g shocks, a correction factor is proposed by accounting for the local stress amplification induced by re-entrant corners.

  10. A Relação União Europeia-China: um casamento complexo

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Maria Eduarda Pereira

    2016-01-01

    A relação entre a União Europeia (UE) e a República Popular da China (RPC) é um campo de estudo muito vasto que, nas últimas décadas, tem atraído numerosos analistas e académicos. Com efeito, a China afirma-se cada vez mais importante pela sua competitividade industrial e comercial e com um crescente papel na economia traduzidos numa também crescente presença política, colocando múltiplos desafios à UE. Este trabalho apresenta uma análise de uma relação que ganhou consistência a partir de ...

  11. On Exact Solutions of the Navier-Stokes Equations for Uni-directional Flows

    CERN Document Server

    Lam, F

    2015-01-01

    In the present note, we show that the uni-directional flows in a rectangular channel and in a circular pipe are exact spatio-temporal solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations over a short time interval. We assert that the classical plane Poiseuille-Couette flow and Hagen-Poiseuille flow are time-independent approximations of the exact solutions if an appropriate initial velocity distribution at starting location is specified. Conceptually, there do not exist absolute steady flows starting from unspecified initial data. The classic experimental measurements by Poiseuille can be explained in terms of the evolutional solutions. In particular, the pipe flow does not have a time-independent characteristic velocity. The orthodox notion that the parabolic profile exists for arbitrary Reynolds numbers is unwarranted.

  12. From Nanostructure to Nano Biosensor: Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering (INEE, UniMAP Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U Hashim

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructure is defined as something that has a physical dimension smaller than 100 nanometers, ranging from clusters and/or to dimensional layers of atoms. There are three most important nanostructures that are extensively studied and researched in various organizations including Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering (INEE in UniMAP. These include quantum dot, nanowire, and nanogap, which have been successfully designed and fabricated using in-house facilities available. These are subsequently used as a main sensing component in nanostructures based biosensor. This fabrication, characterization and testing job were done within four main interlinked laboratories namely microfabrication cleanroom, nanofabrication cleanroom, failure analysis laboratory and nano biochip laboratory.  Currently, development of Nano Biosensor is the main research focus in INEE. In principle, biosensor is an analytical device which converts a biological response into an electrical signal.   Keywords: Nanostructure, INEE , nanowire , nanogap and Nano Biosensor

  13. Europa en crisis: El desencanto de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Maris Shmite

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las desigualdades y las tensiones sociales se manifiestan territorialmente en las ciudades europeas, las que se constituyen en espacios estratégicos donde se materializan las reivindicaciones sociales. La combinación del proceso de globalización y la organización institucional supranacional de Europa, junto a las profundas transformaciones que afectan la economía y por lo tanto, al sistema social característico del Estado de Bienestar, conducen a la emergencia de sentimientos de insatisfacción e incertidumbre que se expresan en los movimientos sociales. En este artículo se aborda el rol de la Unión Europea frente a la crisis, las respuestas institucionales, las consecuencias económicas y sociales y la emergencia de un cuestionamiento de la sociedad al funcionamiento de los Estados y la estructura supranacional.

  14. Modified Adomian decomposition method for fracture of laminated uni-directional composites

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B K Raghu Prasad; P V Ramana

    2012-02-01

    In this paper, the well-known Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM) is modified to solve the fracture laminated multi-directional problems. The results are compared with the existing analytical/exact or experimental method. The already known existing ADM is modified to improve the accuracy and convergence. Thus, the modified method is named as Modified Adomian Decomposition Method (MADM). The results from MADM are found to converge very quickly, simple to apply for fracture(singularity) problems and are more accurate compared to experimental and analytical methods. MADM is quite efficient and is practically well-suited for use in these problems. Several examples are given to check the reliability of the present method. In the present paper, the principle of the decomposition method is described, and its advantages form the analyses of fracture of laminated uni-directional composites.

  15. Uni-Vector-Sensor Dimensionality Reduction MUSIC Algorithm for DOA and Polarization Estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanmei Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the problem of multiple signal classification- (MUSIC- based direction of arrival (DOA and polarization estimation and proposes a new dimensionality reduction MUSIC (DR-MUSIC algorithm. Uni-vector-sensor MUSIC algorithm provides estimation for DOA and polarization; accordingly, a four-dimensional peak search is required, which hence incurs vast amount of computation. In the proposed DR-MUSIC method, the signal steering vector is expressed in the product form of arrival angle function matrix and polarization function vector. The MUSIC joint spectrum is converted to the form of Rayleigh-Ritz ratio by using the feature where the 2-norm of polarization function vector is constant. A four-dimensional MUSIC search reduced the dimension to two two-dimensional searches and the amount of computation is greatly decreased. The theoretical analysis and simulation results have verified the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  16. Del biopoder al cinepoder en los dispositivos de bioseguridad de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Torrejón

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available En pleno siglo XXI, la biomedicina y la biotecnología se han convertido en dos características fundamentales del mundo en el que vivimos. Sin duda, el autor que más se ha trabajado para analizar las repercusiones políticas de estos avances ha sido Michel Foucault a partir de su concepción del biopoder y posteriormente Nikolas Rose al hablar de ethopolítica. Nuestra propuesta afirma que las ideas de ambos sobre lo biótico se engloban en un dispositivo de gestión y administración mayor que lo convierte en una trayectoria o flujo de movimiento, al que denominamos cinepoder. Mediante un estudio de caso de los dispositivos de bioseguridad de la Unión Europea, ilustraremos las características del cinepoder y sus implicaciones sobre el bios.

  17. Tratado de Lisboa: um novo desequilíbrio na União Europeia

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, João Maria

    2008-01-01

    Dois anos depois da tentativa de adoptar uma Constituição Europeia, fracassada devido ao “não”, em referendo, dos eleitores franceses e holandeses, os chefes de Estado e de governo dos 27 países membros da União Europeia aprovaram em Lisboa, na noite de 18 para 19 de Outubro de 2007, um Tratado que simplifica aquela Constituição e adapta as instituições da UE à dimensão que esta adquiriu depois dos dois alargamentos de 2004 e 2007 aos países da Europa central, aos países bálticos, a Malta e C...

  18. The unique sound of the uni-vibe pedal: Part II. Transient behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahlweg, Cornelius F.; Rothe, Hendrik

    2013-09-01

    The Uni-Vibe is an effect pedal mostly used by electric guitar players. It is based on an opto-electronically controlled all-pass chain. In last year's paper on the subject an idealized system model was derived, which lead to deeper discussion of the musical consequences of the effect in terms of harmonic analysis of single tones and chords in clean and distorted mode. As a direct continuation the present paper deals with the transient behaviour of the device. The transient response is essential for understanding the special sound character, the reaction on picking techniques and the interaction with certain instruments. Therefore the system model is expanded and the pulse response of the idealized time invariant system is derived.

  19. Micromechanical Investigation of Fatigue Damage in Uni-Directional Fibre Composites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Kristine Munk; Zangenberg Hansen, Jens; Mikkelsen, Lars Pilgaard

    2015-01-01

    In this study, 3D x-ray computed tomography (XCT) is used to study fatigue damage mechanisms of a uni-directional (UD) glass fibre composite used in wind turbine blades. The challenges related to using 3D XCT for fatigue damage assessment over time is outlined, and a cut-out of a specimen...... previously subjected to tension-tension fatigue loading is examined. Broken UD load-carrying fibres are observed locally close to the thin off-axis backing support layers and are spreading out in a local damage zone in the UD bundle close to the backing. The common factors of the fatigue damaged regions...... found in this study were intertwining backing bundles in direct contact with the UD bundle and a locally high fibre volume fraction at the backing. Other factors like fibre misalignment and fibre radii could have an effect; however this is not obvious from the obtained results. Further studies...

  20. Traitement juridique du harcèlement sexuel au travail aux États-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Boulot, Elisabeth

    2017-01-01

    Récemment, la question du harcèlement sexuel au travail a fait la une des journaux, quelque vingt ans après que les premières affaires eurent été portées devant les tribunaux américains. Ce fut à la faveur de la sortie du film tiré du roman de Michael Crichton, Harcèlement. Quoique peu représentatif de la réalité, comme le montrent les enquêtes effectuées aux États-Unis comme au Canada ou en Europe car les victimes de harcèlement sexuel sont principalement des femmes, le film comme le roman, ...

  1. O Teatro da União Operária

    OpenAIRE

    Collaço, Vera Regina Martins

    2004-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em História. Na presente tese tenho por objeto de análise o projeto político, cultural e pedagógico colocado em prática pela União Beneficente e Recreativa Operária, no período de 1922 a 1951, em Florianópolis, e suas relações com o projeto modernizador proposto para o Brasil, na primeira metade do século XX. Esta associação, pluriprofissional e de auxílio mútuo, al...

  2. Le genre de la nation : la recherche aux Etats-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Auslander, Leora

    2006-01-01

    La recherche sur le genre de la nation faite aux États-Unis, même si elle ressemble beaucoup à la recherche faite en Europe, est aussi originale par des particularités liées soit à l’histoire du pays, soit aux structures de recherche. La première spécificité se voit surtout par l’intérêt porté aux questions de race ; la seconde se voit surtout par l’importance de l’interdisciplinarité, de la recherche sur la masculinité, et de l’ interaction des recherches féministe et gay. Ces trois effets s...

  3. Simulation of turbulent flow and temperature separation in a uni-flow vortex tube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Promvonge, P.

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The vortex tube is a mechanical device operating as a refrigerating machine without refrigerants, by separating a compressed gas stream into two streams; the cold air stream at the tube core while the hot airstream near the tube wall. Such a separation of the flow into regions of low and high total temperature is referred to as the temperature separation effect. In this paper, simulation of the turbulent compressible flowand temperature separation in a uni-flow vortex tube with the turbulence model and the algebraic Reynolds stress model (ASM is described. Steady, compressible and two-dimensional flows are assumed through outthe calculation. It has been found that the predicted results of velocity, pressure, and temperature fields are generally in good agreement with available experiment data. Moreover, it can be indicated that the highest temperature separation occurs near the inlet nozzle while the lowest temperature separation is found at the downstream near the control valve.

  4. La industria electrónica en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Melero Guilló, Ana María; Calatrava, Ascensión

    2000-01-01

    Este artículo analiza, en primer lugar, la situación de la producción mundial de la industria electrónica, y pone de manifiesto la importancia de la producción en la Unión Europea, que sitúa al conjunto europeo en el tercer puesto del ranking mundial, detrás de Estados Unidos y Japón. El artículo señala la creciente integración de países terceros en la producción de la industria electrónica. Dentro del comercio internacional se determina, para los países con peso significativo en panorama mun...

  5. Las relaciones Unión Europea - América Central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ángel SOTILLO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En este artículo se presenta la evolución reciente de las relaciones entre la Unión Europea y América Central. El autor señala las razones por las cuales se pasó de una etapa de intensa relación entre ambas regiones, en los años ochenta, a una de relativo enfriamiento en los noventa. En general se pone de manifiesto una tendencia al acuerdo político y al desacuerdo en materia económica.ABSTRACT: The article analyses the recent evolution of European Union and Central America relationship. The author defines the main reasons of the change from an intense relationship between boht regions during the eihties, to a certain weakening of the links. We can find an evident trend of consensus in political matters coexisting with a dynamic of disagreement on economical questions.

  6. IntlUni – meeting the challenges of the multilingual and multicultural learning space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.; Lillemose, Mette Kastberg

    as the survey among partner HEIs; a chart outlining the languages of instruction, notably the spread of English medium instruction; and a catalogue of the linguistic, cultural and educational challenges identified. The second year of the project (2013-14) is devoted to identifying and describing examples......IntlUni – meeting the challenges of the multilingual and multicultural learning space Almost all European Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have undergone tremendous changes as a result of internationalisation and the development of the European Higher Education Area. Until now, many resources...... have been devoted to key areas such as motivating and funding mobility, ensuring transferability of credits as well as joint European Quality Standards. However, what actually goes on in the classroom, where lecturers as well as students have different first languages and educational cultures, has...

  7. Las innovaciones de la Unión Europea en el sistema de negociaciones internacionales

    OpenAIRE

    Cid Capetillo, Yleana Margarita

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo de investigación se centra en la teoría y práctica de las negociaciones internacionales sustentando la idea de que la Unión Europea introduce innovaciones relevantes al optar por el multilateralismo, la resolución de conflictos a través de la negociación y otros medios pacíficos de solución de controversias. Esto es posible porque implementa una Política Exterior de Seguridad Común y una Política Exterior de Seguridad y Defensa que se pone en acción en 1999 con el Tratado de Ámster...

  8. High-performance evanescently-coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yun-Xiao; Liao Zai-Yi; Wang Wei

    2009-01-01

    A new evanescently-coupled uni-traveling-carrier photodiode (EC-UTC PD) based on a multimode diluted waveguide (MDW) structure is fabricated, analysed and characterized. Optical and electrical characteristics of the device are investigated. The excellent characteristics are demonstrated such as a responsivity of 0.36 A/W, a bandwidth of 11.5 GHz and a small-signal 1-dB compression current greater than 18 mA at 10 GHz. The saturation current is significantly improved compared with those of similar evanescently-coupled pin photodiodes. The radio frequency (RF)bandwidth can be further improved by eliminating RF losses induced by the cables, the probe and the bias tee between the photodiode and the spectrum analyzer.

  9. A união do vegetal e o transe mediúnico no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Melo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a elaboração simbólica do transe no Centro Espírita Beneficente União do Vegetal. Por meio da análise comparativa com o Santo Daime, interrogo os modos de constituição do contato com o sobrenatural em ambos os grupos, articulando-os às representações hierarquicamente ordenadas de forças que aí incidem e impelem o sujeito à ação no mundo. Proponho pensar o transe ayahuasqueiro em diálogo com os estudos dos cultos mediúnicos no Brasil, chamando a atenção para a dimensão da modernidade nesse campo, onde um projeto de interioridade caminha ao lado dos "ensinamentos do Mestre".

  10. Conference: Superconductivity, theory and practical challenges of a quantum phenonemon | 25 August | Uni Dufour

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday, 25 August, J. Georg Bednorz (Nobel prize in physics 1987, IBM Research Zurich) and Louis Taillefer (physicist and professor at the University of Sherbrooke, Canada, and at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research) will give a conference on the fascinating theme of superconductivity. "Superconductivity: theory and practical challenges of a quantum phenonemon" Uni Dufour Tuesday, 25 August at 7 p.m. This conference is organized by the Faculty of science of the University of Geneva, as part of the International Congress Materials and Mechanisms of Superconductivity (M2S - 2015). Discovered more than 100 years ago, superconductivity remains one of the most fascinating manifestations of the laws of physics, observable only at low temperatures. This phenomenon, which allows the transport of electricity without any loss of energy, leads to various technological applications, for example in magnetically levitated vehicles, in MRI and in ...

  11. Experience with a "social model" of capacity building: the Peoples-uni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heller Richard F

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Taking advantage of societal trends involving the "third sector", a social model of philanthropy and the open-source software and educational resource movements, provides the opportunity for online education for capacity building at low cost. The Peoples Open Access Education Initiative, Peoples-uni, aims to help build public health capacity in this way, and this paper describes its evolution. Methods The development of the Peoples-uni has involved the creation of an administrative infrastructure, calls for and identification of volunteers, development of both the information and communications technology infrastructure and course content, and identification of students and course delivery to them. A pilot course module was offered for delivery. Results and Discussion Volunteers have been prepared to become involved in the administrative structures, as trustees, members of advisory and quality assurance and educational oversight groups. More than 100 people have offered to be involved as course developers or as facilitators for course delivery, and to date 46 of these, from 13 countries, have been actively involved. Volunteer experts in information and communications technology have extended open-source course-delivery mechanisms. Following an encouraging pilot course module, 117 students from 23 countries have enrolled in the first set of six course modules. Although the business model is not fully developed, this approach allows current module delivery at USD 50 each, to be more affordable to the target audience than traditional university-based education. Conclusion A social model of capacity building in public health has been started and has been able to attract volunteers and students from a wide range of countries. The costs are likely to be low enough to allow this method to make a substantial contribution to capacity building in low-income settings.

  12. UniCredit Bank Eesti juht: Meie võimalused on Venemaal ja Euroopas, mitte Hiinas / Taavi Laur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Taavi

    2010-01-01

    UniCredit Bank Eesti juht vastab küsimustele, kas kriis tõi Eesti majanduses kaasa struktuurimuutuse, mis on praegu ettevõtjatele suurim väljakutse, kas Eesti võiks olla Euroopa ja Venemaa vaheline transiidimaa

  13. Comparing uni-modal and multi-modal therapies for improving writing in acquired dysgraphia after stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiel, Lindsey; Sage, Karen; Conroy, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Writing therapy studies have been predominantly uni-modal in nature; i.e., their central therapy task has typically been either writing to dictation or copying and recalling words. There has not yet been a study that has compared the effects of a uni-modal to a multi-modal writing therapy in terms of improvements to spelling accuracy. A multiple-case study with eight participants aimed to compare the effects of a uni-modal and a multi-modal therapy on the spelling accuracy of treated and untreated target words at immediate and follow-up assessment points. A cross-over design was used and within each therapy a matched set of words was targeted. These words and a matched control set were assessed before as well as immediately after each therapy and six weeks following therapy. The two approaches did not differ in their effects on spelling accuracy of treated or untreated items or degree of maintenance. All participants made significant improvements on treated and control items; however, not all improvements were maintained at follow-up. The findings suggested that multi-modal therapy did not have an advantage over uni-modal therapy for the participants in this study. Performance differences were instead driven by participant variables.

  14. La sustracción internacional de menores en el marco de la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Menéndez Pérez, Gloria

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo versa sobre las sustracciones internacionales de menores que se producen en el marco de la Unión Europea, cuáles son las soluciones que se le dan, así como un análisis crítico de los mecanismos de protección.

  15. Ecos de ultratumba. El misterio de las mesas parlantes: Espiritismo y sociedad en La Unión (siglo XIX)

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    La doctrina y la práctica del espiritismo muestran un espiritualismo alternativo en la crisis de finales del siglo XIX. La ponencia presenta los conflictos y las conexiones del espiritismo con la sociedad ilustrada de su tiempo así como las disensiones entre los grupos espiritistas de la villa minera de La Unión durante aquel ciclo.

  16. Perspectiva del derecho del medio ambiente y de políticas ambientales de la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Huici Sancho, Laura

    2011-01-01

    El artículo expone la actividad de las instituciones en el ámbito de la política europea de medio ambiente. Se analiza también el papel de la Unión Europea en materia de cambio climático y biodiversidad.

  17. UniCredit Bank Eesti juht: Meie võimalused on Venemaal ja Euroopas, mitte Hiinas / Taavi Laur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Taavi

    2010-01-01

    UniCredit Bank Eesti juht vastab küsimustele, kas kriis tõi Eesti majanduses kaasa struktuurimuutuse, mis on praegu ettevõtjatele suurim väljakutse, kas Eesti võiks olla Euroopa ja Venemaa vaheline transiidimaa

  18. Links to Other DBs (based on UniChem) - NBDC NikkajiRDF | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s and chemical substances registered in other databases* by using skos:closeMatch. This is based on a work a...hemical substances in other databases which were acquired using UniChem FTP service ( ftp://ftp.ebi.ac.uk/pub/databases

  19. Les Nations unies et les biens publics mondiaux : contributions historiques et défis à venir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Jenks

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article explore la thèse selon laquelle la contribution la plus importante de l’Organisation des Nations unies (ONU à la production de biens publics mondiaux a été son rôle dans l’instauration d’espaces et de capacités permettant de créer des valeurs communes. Débutant par la Charte elle-même, l’auteur retrace l’évolution de cette contribution à travers différentes phases historiques. Il analyse l’impact de la mondialisation sur le rôle des Nations unies ; il identifie notamment la qualité de la perméabilité en tant que produit de la mondialisation, ce qui est essentiel à la compréhension des défis actuels auxquels font face les Nations unies et également au cœur du programme sur les biens publics mondiaux (BPM. L’article examine brièvement, sous cet angle, l’évolution du rôle des Nations unies dans les domaines de la paix et de la sécurité, des droits de l’homme et de la coopération au développement. En conclusion sont identifiés huit leviers de changement qui détermineront la faculté des Nations unies à contribuer de manière substantielle aux BPM : l’instauration de normes et de valeurs communes, la qualité de la direction, l’amélioration de la gouvernance, un réalignement institutionnel, des financements innovants, le renforcement de la consolidation des instruments juridiques, la concentration sur des points stratégiques et le pouvoir des réseaux.

  20. Efficient Translation of Pelargonium line pattern virus RNAs Relies on a TED-Like 3´-Translational Enhancer that Communicates with the Corresponding 5´-Region through a Long-Distance RNA-RNA Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco-Pérez, Marta; Pérez-Cañamás, Miryam; Ruiz, Leticia; Hernández, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Cap-independent translational enhancers (CITEs) have been identified at the 3´-terminal regions of distinct plant positive-strand RNA viruses belonging to families Tombusviridae and Luteoviridae. On the bases of their structural and/or functional requirements, at least six classes of CITEs have been defined whose distribution does not correlate with taxonomy. The so-called TED class has been relatively under-studied and its functionality only confirmed in the case of Satellite tobacco necrosis virus, a parasitic subviral agent. The 3´-untranslated region of the monopartite genome of Pelargonium line pattern virus (PLPV), the recommended type member of a tentative new genus (Pelarspovirus) in the family Tombusviridae, was predicted to contain a TED-like CITE. Similar CITEs can be anticipated in some other related viruses though none has been experimentally verified. Here, in the first place, we have performed a reassessment of the structure of the putative PLPV-TED through in silico predictions and in vitro SHAPE analysis with the full-length PLPV genome, which has indicated that the presumed TED element is larger than previously proposed. The extended conformation of the TED is strongly supported by the pattern of natural sequence variation, thus providing comparative structural evidence in support of the structural data obtained by in silico and in vitro approaches. Next, we have obtained experimental evidence demonstrating the in vivo activity of the PLPV-TED in the genomic (g) RNA, and also in the subgenomic (sg) RNA that the virus produces to express 3´-proximal genes. Besides other structural features, the results have highlighted the key role of long-distance kissing-loop interactions between the 3´-CITE and 5´-proximal hairpins for gRNA and sgRNA translation. Bioassays of CITE mutants have confirmed the importance of the identified 5´-3´ RNA communication for viral infectivity and, moreover, have underlined the strong evolutionary constraints that may

  1. Efficient Translation of Pelargonium line pattern virus RNAs Relies on a TED-Like 3´-Translational Enhancer that Communicates with the Corresponding 5´-Region through a Long-Distance RNA-RNA Interaction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Blanco-Pérez

    Full Text Available Cap-independent translational enhancers (CITEs have been identified at the 3´-terminal regions of distinct plant positive-strand RNA viruses belonging to families Tombusviridae and Luteoviridae. On the bases of their structural and/or functional requirements, at least six classes of CITEs have been defined whose distribution does not correlate with taxonomy. The so-called TED class has been relatively under-studied and its functionality only confirmed in the case of Satellite tobacco necrosis virus, a parasitic subviral agent. The 3´-untranslated region of the monopartite genome of Pelargonium line pattern virus (PLPV, the recommended type member of a tentative new genus (Pelarspovirus in the family Tombusviridae, was predicted to contain a TED-like CITE. Similar CITEs can be anticipated in some other related viruses though none has been experimentally verified. Here, in the first place, we have performed a reassessment of the structure of the putative PLPV-TED through in silico predictions and in vitro SHAPE analysis with the full-length PLPV genome, which has indicated that the presumed TED element is larger than previously proposed. The extended conformation of the TED is strongly supported by the pattern of natural sequence variation, thus providing comparative structural evidence in support of the structural data obtained by in silico and in vitro approaches. Next, we have obtained experimental evidence demonstrating the in vivo activity of the PLPV-TED in the genomic (g RNA, and also in the subgenomic (sg RNA that the virus produces to express 3´-proximal genes. Besides other structural features, the results have highlighted the key role of long-distance kissing-loop interactions between the 3´-CITE and 5´-proximal hairpins for gRNA and sgRNA translation. Bioassays of CITE mutants have confirmed the importance of the identified 5´-3´ RNA communication for viral infectivity and, moreover, have underlined the strong evolutionary

  2. Evaluation for clinical application of UniCel DxH 800 hematology analyzer%UniCel DxH 800血细胞分析仪临床应用评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    普程伟; 明秀芬; 尚柯; 王建中; 刘雪凯; 邢莹; 汤晓凌; 高辉; 董宁; 苏惠青

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨UniCel DxH 800全自动血细胞分析仪检测全血细胞计数(CBC)的相关性能,并与LH 750和ADVIA 2120全自动血细胞分析仪及显微镜白细胞分类计数比较.方法 使用新鲜血标本和仪器配套质控品评价UniCel DxH 800测定CBC的精密度、携带污染率和线性范围;以显微镜法为“金标准”,评价其白细胞分类计数和网织红细胞计数的准确性;计算UniCel DxH 800与LH750和ADVIA 2120血细胞分析仪测定结果的偏差和相关性,并比较3种仪器对异常细胞报警的有效性.结果 UniCel DxH 800测定RBC、Hb和MCV的批内精密度(CV)<0.5%,WBC和PLT的批内CV<1.5%.上述5项参数的批间CV均<2.5%,携带污染率均<0.51%.在临床样本所覆盖的浓度范围内,WBC、RBC、Hb、PLT测定值与理论值呈线性相关(r>0.999,P<0.01).UniCel DxH 800与LH 750、ADVIA 2120血液分析仪对WBC、RBC、Hb、MCV和PLT的测定结果有良好的相关性(r >0.973,P<0.01).UniCel DxH 800血细胞分析仪计数网织红细胞与显微镜法计数的相关性较好(r =0.920,P<0.01).UniCei DxH 800血液分析仪与显微镜法分类计数白细胞比较,中性粒细胞、淋巴细胞和嗜酸粒细胞的相关性较好(r值分别为0.914、0.900和0.725,P<0.01),其次为单核细胞(r =0.612,P<0.01),优于类似检测原理的LH 750.UniCel DxH 800对异常细胞报警的敏感度为96.6%,假阴性率为2.5%;对中性粒细胞核左移的敏感度为90.5%,假阴性率为5.0%.结论 UniCel DxH 800全自动血液分析仪用于全血细胞计数具有高精密度、低携带污染率和宽线性范围的优点,与LH 750和ADVIA 2120全自动血液分析仪的检测结果具有良好的相关性.%Objective To evaluate the improvement on test performance of UniCel DxH 800 automated hematology analyzer for complete blood count (CBC) by detecting its performance indicators and comparing the differences of the results with LH 750 hematology

  3. Las mujeres y el tabaco en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joossens Luk

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A lo largo de las últimas décadas, la prevalencia del tabaquismo ha seguido en la Unión Europea tendencias diferentes según el sexo. Mientras que entre los varones la prevalencia ha disminuido notablemente, entre las mujeres se ha incrementado o se ha estancado. En algunos países en que estos cambios se iniciaron más precozmente, la prevalencia del tabaquismo es hoy mayor entre las mujeres que entre los varones. Este documento cuantifica estas tendencias, con referencia a la situación española. En 1995, fumaban 60 millones de hombres y 42 millones de mujeres en la Unión Europea. El 48% de las fumadoras consumían cigarrillos light, lo que supone veinte millones de mujeres que los utilizan. Hay documentos de la industria del tabaco que indican que la promoción de cigarrillos light tiene como intención tranquilizar a sus clientes y frenar a quienes se preocupan por el mantenimiento de su salud y se plantean dejar de fumar. Hay datos que confirman que esta política consigue sus objetivos y que las concepciones erróneas de los fumadores sobre los cigarrillos light puede hacerles persistir en el consumo. Existen datos que indican que el tabaco puede jugar un papel en el control del peso. Las mujeres están más preocupadas por su peso que los hombres, y para las mujeres jóvenes la imagen corporal es muy importante. Éstas tienen a menudo la percepción de tener exceso de peso. Aunque es más común el miedo al sobrepeso que el exceso de peso real, la evidencia sugiere que el temor a ganar peso puede mantener a las mujeres en el hábito de fumar, y que las consideraciones sobre cómo mantener el control del peso influyen en las mujeres jóvenes al comenzar a fumar. El consejo sobre cómo controlar el peso debería formar parte de los programas de tratamiento del tabaquismo dirigidos a las mujeres. Además, cualquier intervención preventiva sobre mujeres adolescentes fumadoras debería abordar la cuestión del aumento de peso.

  4. La integración económica centroamericana : introducción al estudio de la unión aduanera y de la relaciones con la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    José Antonio Nieto Solís

    2007-01-01

    Este documento de trabajo se centra en el estudio de las características y desafíos del proceso de integración centroamericana y analiza la situación y las alternativas de la unión aduanera existente en la región. También aborda las relaciones exteriores de Centro América, en particular con la Unión Europea (UE), los Estados Unidos (CAFTA) y México (Plan Puebla Panamá). Como ampliación del ámbito analítico tratado, las relaciones de Centro América con la UE se han contemplado desde el context...

  5. An Overview of A Perturbation Analysis for Uni-directionally Coupled Vibratory Gyroscopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vu, Huy; Palacios, Antonio; In, Visarath; Longhini, Patrick; Neff, Joseph

    2011-04-01

    The complex behaviours of gyroscope systems have been scientifically researched and thoroughly studied for decades. Most of scientific research involving gyroscopes specifically concentrates on studying the designs and fabrications at the circuitry level. Although gaining a recent popularity with the low cost of MEMS device that offers an attractive approach for gyroscope fabrications, its performance is far from meeting the requirements for an inertial grade guidance system. To improve the performance, our current research is theoretically focusing upon investigating the dynamics of vibratory gyroscopes coupled in a ring configuration. Particularly, a certain topology of arrangements among coupled gyroscopes can be designed and studied to enhance robustness. The main operation depends mostly on an external source for a stable oscillation in the drive axis, while an oscillatory motion in the sense axis, which is used to detect an angular rate of rotation, is enabled through the transfers of energy from the drive via the Coriolis force. With the mathematical model depicted as Duffing oscillators, however, by adding a certain coupling among gyroscopes, a similar behavior to a Duffing oscillator is expected, only with more complicated dynamics at a higher dimension. A number of Perturbation methods have popularly been carried out, to seek for a general asymptotic solution of typical Duffing oscillators. In this work as an overview, the two-time scale Perturbation expansion is asymptotically applied on the uni-directionally coupled vibratory gyroscopes to find an analytical solution which is then compared to the numerical one.

  6. Kesesuaian Materi Kompetensi Proses Pemesinan terhadap Standar Kompetensi NIMS pada Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin FT UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardus Sentot Wijanarka

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah  mengidentifikasi  kesesuaian kompetensi kelompok mata kuliah  proses pemesinan pada Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin terhadap materi uji kompetensi ketrampilan  pemesinan menurut NIMS, dan mengidentifikasi kesesuaian materi ajar praktek proses pemesinan pada jurusan pendidikan teknik mesin terhadap materi kompetensi ketrampilan pemesinan menurut NIMS. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analisis Isi (content analysis. Subyek penelitian ini adalah semua bahan ajar proses pemesinan di Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin FT UNY, yang meliputi hand out, job sheet, diktat, bahan ajar dan data mesin perkakas, kondisi mesin dan alat yang ada di bengkel mesin . Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik dokumentasi di arsip jurusan maupun di web (www.nims-skills.org. Dokumen yang dikumpulkan yaitu : kompetensi dan  materi ajar proses pemesinan, dan kompetensi/ materi uji ketrampilan dari  NIMS. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis kuantitatif, dengan menghitung persentase kesesuaian materi ajar proses pemesinan Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin dengan standar uji ketrampilan NIMS. Hasil penelitian adalah : kompetensi proses pemesinan yang diajarakan di Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin belum memenuhi semua standar kompetensi NIMS. Pada kompetensi Level I memenuhi 8 kompetensi dari 9 kompetensi yang ditetapkan. Pada Level II memenuhi 3 kompetensi dari 8. Sedangkan pada Level III belum ada kompetensi yang diajarkan ; dan  materi ajar yang diajarkan di jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin untuk mencapai kompetensi yang telah dipenuhi ada kekurangan pada :materi ajar gerinda, freis vertikal, CNC, EDM, proses bubut komplek dan freis komplek, hand lapping, dan bandsawing.

  7. Molecular Order and Dynamics of Tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Confined in Uni-Directional Nanopores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kipnusu, Wycliffe Kiprop [University of Leipzig, Germany; Kossack, Wilhelm [University of Leipzig, Germany; Iacob, Ciprian [University of Leipzig; Jasiurkowska, Malgorzata [University of Leipzig, Germany; Sangoro, Joshua R [ORNL; Kremer, Friedrich [University of Leipzig

    2012-01-01

    Infrared Transition Moment Orientational Analysis (IR-TMOA) and Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy (BDS) are combined to study molecular order and dynamics of the glass-forming liquid Tris(2-ethylhexy)phosphate (TEHP) confined in uni-directional nanopores with diameters of 4, 8, and 10.4 nm. The former method enables one to determine the molecular order parameter of specific IR transition moments. It is observed that the central P=O moiety of TEHP has a weak orientational effect (molecular order parameter Sz = 0.1 0.04) due the nanoporous confinement, in contrast to the terminal C H groups. BDS traces the dynamic glass transition of the guest molecules in a broad spectral range and at widely varying temperature. An enhancement of the mobility takes place when approaching the glass transition temperature and becomes more pronounced with decreasing pore diameter. This is attributed to a slight reduction of the density of the confined liquid caused by the 2-dimensional geometrical constraint.

  8. Analysis of gene and protein name synonyms in Entrez Gene and UniProtKB resources

    KAUST Repository

    Arkasosy, Basil

    2013-05-11

    Ambiguity in texts is a well-known problem: words can carry several meanings, and hence, can be read and interpreted differently. This is also true in the biological literature; names of biological concepts, such as genes and proteins, might be ambiguous, referring in some cases to more than one gene or one protein, or in others, to both genes and proteins at the same time. Public biological databases give a very useful insight about genes and proteins information, including their names. In this study, we made a thorough analysis of the nomenclatures of genes and proteins in two data sources and for six different species. We developed an automated process that parses, extracts, processes and stores information available in two major biological databases: Entrez Gene and UniProtKB. We analysed gene and protein synonyms, their types, frequencies, and the ambiguities within a species, in between data sources and cross-species. We found that at least 40% of the cross-species ambiguities are caused by names that are already ambiguous within the species. Our study shows that from the six species we analysed (Homo Sapiens, Mus Musculus, Arabidopsis Thaliana, Oryza Sativa, Bacillus Subtilis and Pseudomonas Fluorescens), rice (Oriza Sativa) has the best naming model in Entrez Gene database, with low ambiguities between data sources and cross-species.

  9. RELATIONSHIP OF CONCHA BULLOSA WITH OSTEOMEATAL UNI T BLOCKAGE. TOMOGRAPHIC STUDY IN 200 PATIENTS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shrikrishna

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: - OBJECTIVE : To determine the prevalence of concha bullosa in patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis and to examine its possible relationship to osteomeatal unit blockage, the latter being a precursor for rhinosinusitis. DESIGN : A prospective study of prevalence of concha bullosa and blockage of ipsilateral osteomeatal uni t was done on 200 computed tomography scans of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. RESULTS : Of the 200 CT scans with Chronic Rhinosinusitis, the incidence of concha bullosa 34%. Of this, 31 ca ses (45.6% were of extensive type, 21 cases (30.9% were of bulbous type and 16 cases (23.5% w ere of lamellar type. There was no statistically significant association between any t ype of concha bullosa with ipsilateral osteomeatal unit block either in right side or left side. CONCLUSION: There is no statistically significant relationship between presence of concha bullosa and ipsilateral osteomeatal unit blockage that leads to block in drainage of anterior group of par anasal sinuses. There is a significantly higher occurrence of the ostium of bulbous type of concha bullosa opening into the hiatus semilunaris.

  10. La política comercial de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monserrat García

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Una de las principales consecuencias del proceso de integración de la Unión Europea ha sido la creación y perfeccionamiento de una política comercial común para el conjunto de países que la integran. Esta política tiene entre sus intereses la búsqueda de la integración equitativa de los países pobres en la economía mundial y el sistema comercial internacional. En consecuencia, la Comisión Europea lanzó en 1993 el Programa AL-INVEST, concebido como una red de operadores de Europa y de América Latina que cooperan en la organización de encuentros sectoriales de empresas activas de un mismo sector en los dos lados del Atlántico. En el caso específico de Colombia la Comisión Europea está poniendo en marcha un programa de Asistencia Técnica relativa al Comercio.

  11. Una nota sobre el presupuesto y el proceso presupuestario en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Asencio

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available En un aporte previo para Actualidad Económica, nos hemos referido a la dinámica de los procesos presupuestarios correspondientes a naciones avanzadas. En tales oportunidades se examinaron brevemente los casos de modelos estrictamente nacionales. En lo que sigue procuramos aproximarnos de manera sumarísima a una experiencia plurinacional. Preciso es advertir que no aludiremos a un instrumento financiero que refiera a una sumatoria de naciones sino a la expresión hacendística de las instituciones supranacionales que las representan, en tanto corporizan las figuras a las que la integración ha dado lugar. El presupuesto de la Unión Europea, en suma, deberá ser planeado, aprobado y ejecutado como otro de tipo nacional, implicará objetivos y efectos fiscales y deberá responder a controles y requisitos de transparencia como sus homólogos a nivel de país. Es claro, que con las peculiaridades que el caso implica y que procuramos elucidar.

  12. Estudio preliminar de blanqueamiento del talco de la Unión (Antioquia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LILLIANA ISAZA JARAMILLO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El talco encontrado en la región de La Unión (Antioquia presenta altos contenidos de hierro, que lo hacen una materia prima poco útil para algunos usos específicos. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue desarrollar, a escala de laboratorio, un proceso que permitiera mejorar sus características, específicamente, el color. Las pruebas realizadas sobre el mineral fueron: flotación espumante con Carboximetil Celulosa (CMC y lixiviación en medio ácido, destinadas a reducir el contenido de hierro, lográndose la eliminación del 84.6% de éste, como Fe2O3, presente en el mineral. Paralelamente, a este material se le determinó el índice de Bond a malla 150, pues este parámetro es de vital importancia en la determinación de los costos en la etapa de molienda, encontrándose un valor de 47.5 kWh/ t corta.

  13. Integrative characterization of germ cell-specific genes from mouse spermatocyte UniGene library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Edward M

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The primary regulator of spermatogenesis, a highly ordered and tightly regulated developmental process, is an intrinsic genetic program involving male germ cell-specific genes. Results We analyzed the mouse spermatocyte UniGene library containing 2155 gene-oriented transcript clusters. We predict that 11% of these genes are testis-specific and systematically identified 24 authentic genes specifically and abundantly expressed in the testis via in silico and in vitro approaches. Northern blot analysis disclosed various transcript characteristics, such as expression level, size and the presence of isoform. Expression analysis revealed developmentally regulated and stage-specific expression patterns in all of the genes. We further analyzed the genes at the protein and cellular levels. Transfection assays performed using GC-2 cells provided information on the cellular characteristics of the gene products. In addition, antibodies were generated against proteins encoded by some of the genes to facilitate their identification and characterization in spermatogenic cells and sperm. Our data suggest that a number of the gene products are implicated in transcriptional regulation, nuclear integrity, sperm structure and motility, and fertilization. In particular, we found for the first time that Mm.333010, predicted to contain a trypsin-like serine protease domain, is a sperm acrosomal protein. Conclusion We identify 24 authentic genes with spermatogenic cell-specific expression, and provide comprehensive information about the genes. Our findings establish a new basis for future investigation into molecular mechanisms underlying male reproduction.

  14. Global Perspectives: The University of South Australia (UniSA case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ted Nunan

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This case study describes current developments in the change processes that are underway at the University of South Australia (UniSA as it develops from a dual mode institution to one that embraces flexibility in delivery of all of its courses and programs. Forces operating in the context of higher education are causing traditional institutions to become dual mode. Institutions that were already operating as dual mode are developing a proliferation of program delivery arrangements that move beyond hybridisation. A number of Australian institutions claim to provide flexibly delivered courses where student centred learning processes are facilitated through the use of information and communication technologies.Hybridisation and the move to flexible delivery in Australia has partly been driven by changes in the socio-economic context of higher education that have forced universities to compete for income to sustain their operating costs. Offshore teaching and the provision of onshore fee paying courses for international students have required changes to delivery processes for resource-based teaching and online technologies and these changes have washed through institutions. However, for some institutions the development of flexible delivery has been to achieve a wider range of educational purposes for all students. Such purposes are often described in terms of the shift in focus: for example, from teaching to learning; from elite to inclusive; from "producer" to "consumer;" from local perspective to international; from credentialing (four year degree to life-long learning (40 year degree.

  15. Uni- and Multisensory Brain Areas are Synchronised across Spectators When Watching Unedited Dance Recordings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Jola

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The superior temporal sulcus (STS and gyrus (STG are commonly identified to be functionally relevant for multisensory integration of audiovisual (AV stimuli. However, most neuroimaging studies on AV integration used stimuli of short duration in explicit evaluative tasks. Importantly though, many of our AV experiences are of a long duration and ambiguous. It is unclear if the enhanced activity in audio, visual, and AV brain areas would also be synchronised over time across subjects when they are exposed to such multisensory stimuli. We used intersubject correlation to investigate which brain areas are synchronised across novices for uni- and multisensory versions of a 6-min 26-s recording of an unfamiliar, unedited Indian dance recording (Bharatanatyam. In Bharatanatyam, music and dance are choreographed together in a highly intermodal-dependent manner. Activity in the middle and posterior STG was significantly correlated between subjects and showed also significant enhancement for AV integration when the functional magnetic resonance signals were contrasted against each other using a general linear model conjunction analysis. These results extend previous studies by showing an intermediate step of synchronisation for novices: while there was a consensus across subjects' brain activity in areas relevant for unisensory processing and AV integration of related audio and visual stimuli, we found no evidence for synchronisation of higher level cognitive processes, suggesting these were idiosyncratic.

  16. Conference: Seeing two black holes merge (with gravitational waves!) | 14 September | Uni Dufour

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    GW150914: the first direct observation of gravitational waves from the inspiral and merger of two black holes - Conference by Prof. Bruce Allen, Albert Einstein Institute Hannover.   "Seeing two black holes merge (with gravitational waves!)" Uni Dufour - Auditorium U300 Wednesday, 14 September at 7 p.m.   Bruce Allen. (Photo: ©F. Vinken/MPG) Abstract: On 14 September 2015, the advanced LIGO gravitational wave instruments detected the gravitational wave signal emitted as two black holes, about one billion light years away from Earth, made a final few orbits around each other then merged together. This was big news around the world, because scientists have tried to make such observations for more than half a century. Before they merged, the two black holes were about 29 and 36 times as massive as the sun; after the merger was complete, a single black hole about 62 times the sun's mass was left behind. I'll describe what black holes are, how they (...

  17. [The Unión Médica Hispano-Americana (1900) and its contribution to scientific internationalism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olagüe de Ros, Guillermo

    2006-01-01

    The Unión Médica Hispano-Americana was founded during the XIII International Congress of Medicine of Paris in 1900. Its main aim was to strengthen the cultural and scientific ties among Spanish speaking countries. The first assembly took place in Madrid in the Spring of 1903. The most interesting paper presented was undoubtedly that of Manuel Tolosa Latour. He suggested creating a Diccionario Tecnológico Médico Hispano-Americano. The society had no continuity and neither did the dictionary. The reasons for this failure must be seen in the absence of economic support by political authorities in Spain and America, the organizational weakness of the Unión and the poverty of its action program, which was imbued with a triumphalist rhetoric, empty of content and highly paternalistic in its relations with the American world.

  18. Expert curation in UniProtKB: a case study on dealing with conflicting and erroneous data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poux, Sylvain; Magrane, Michele; Arighi, Cecilia N; Bridge, Alan; O'Donovan, Claire; Laiho, Kati

    2014-01-01

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot provides expert curation with information extracted from literature and curator-evaluated computational analysis. As knowledgebases continue to play an increasingly important role in scientific research, a number of studies have evaluated their accuracy and revealed various errors. While some are curation errors, others are the result of incorrect information published in the scientific literature. By taking the example of sirtuin-5, a complex annotation case, we will describe the curation procedure of UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and detail how we report conflicting information in the database. We will demonstrate the importance of collaboration between resources to ensure curation consistency and the value of contributions from the user community in helping maintain error-free resources. Database URL: www.uniprot.org.

  19. A efetividade de programas sociais de acesso à educação superior: o caso do ProUni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Alex Silva Saraiva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa adotou uma perspectiva qualitativa, tendo sido abordados bolsistas do ProUni por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas em profundidade. Os resultados revelam que embora este programa atenda às expectativas de inclusão no ensino superior, sendo-lhe atribuídas diversas expectativas e evidências de ascensão profissional e social, há críticas consideráveis, o que indica a necessidade de ajustes por parte dos formuladores de políticas públicas educacionais. Em que pese o escopo do ProUni, as conclusões indicam que, mesmo atingindo grande número de brasileiros, esta iniciativa mascara a necessidade de investimentos maciços em educação pública e de qualidade.

  20. Seizure Onset Detection based on a Uni- or Multi-modal Intelligent Seizure Acquisition (UISA/MISA) System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conradsen, Isa; Beniczky, Sándor; Wolf, Peter

    2010-01-01

    An automatic Uni- or Multi-modal Inteligent Seizure Acquisition (UISA/MISA) system is highly applicable for onset detection of epileptic seizures based on motion data. The modalities used are surface electromyography (sEMG), acceleration (ACC) and angular velocity (ANG). The new proposed automatic...... algorithm on motion data is extracting features as “log-sum” measures of discrete wavelet components. Classification into the two groups “seizure” versus “nonseizure” is made based on the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. The algorithm performs with a sensitivity of 91-100%, a median latency of 1...... second and a specificity of 100% on multi-modal data from five healthy subjects simulating seizures. The uni-modal algorithm based on sEMG data from the subjects and patients performs satisfactorily in some cases. As expected, our results clearly show superiority of the multimodal approach, as compared...

  1. La gobernanza de la Unión Europea: Principio de primacía, efecto directo y traumatismo fundador

    OpenAIRE

    Zamorano-Guzmán, Cristian

    2008-01-01

    Muchas veces se estima que la mundialización está acabando poco a poco con el concepto de soberanía, y es lo que explicaría, entre otros fenómenos, que la gran parte de los países de la Unión Europea no quisieron ratificar el proyecto de una Constitución Europea que supuestamente pondría fin a las soberanías estatales. Si se estudia atentamente la historia y el carácter jurídico de la construcción europea, se puede observar que los tratados fundadores de la Unión Europea de 1957, ya fueron co...

  2. The growth of the UniTree mass storage system at the NASA Center for Computational Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarshish, Adina; Salmon, Ellen

    1993-01-01

    In October 1992, the NASA Center for Computational Sciences made its Convex-based UniTree system generally available to users. The ensuing months saw the growth of near-online data from nil to nearly three terabytes, a doubling of the number of CPU's on the facility's Cray YMP (the primary data source for UniTree), and the necessity for an aggressive regimen for repacking sparse tapes and hierarchical 'vaulting' of old files to freestanding tape. Connectivity was enhanced as well with the addition of UltraNet HiPPI. This paper describes the increasing demands placed on the storage system's performance and throughput that resulted from the significant augmentation of compute-server processor power and network speed.

  3. La Ciberseguridad como factor crítico en la Seguridad de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieva Machin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available El ciberespacio es un escenario de conflicto altamente complejo al estar en constante evolución. Ni la Unión Europea ni ningún otro actor del sistema internacional se encuentra a salvo de las amenazas procedentes del ciberespacio. Pero los pasos dados desde la UE en el mundo de la ciberseguridad no son en absoluto suficientes. Europa necesita que su Estrategia de ciberseguridad sea realmente capaz de integrar a las diferentes Estrategias nacionales. Es urgente una mayor determinación, unos mayores recursos y unos mejores instrumentos que permitan a la Unión implementar una gestión de crisis y una prevención de ciberconflictos verdaderamente eficaz.

  4. La Unión Europea ante Cuba y Colombia: de buenas intenciones y altas esperanzas a notables contradicciones y grandes frustraciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín ROY

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El autor generaliza, a partir del caso colombiano y cubano, las dificultades y contradicciones de la política exterior común europea, salvo cuando sus acciones políticas se dirigen hacia América Latina, y cuando el eje de una decisión está orientada hacia una postura errónea de Estados Unidos, especialmente si es perjudicial para los intereses colectivos de la Unión Europea y/o de alguno de los Estados miembros. A su vez, bajo el marco de las relaciones internacionales, describe los retos políticos a los que se enfrentan estos países: transición y consolidación de la democracia, respectivamente.ABSTRACT: The author generalizes, from the cases of Colombia and Cuba, the difficulties and contradictions of Europe’s common foreign policy, except when its political actions are directed toward Latin America and when the axis of a decision is oriented towards an erroneous posture of the United States, especially if it is prejudicial for the collective interests of the European Union and/or some of its member States. At the same time, within a framework of international relations, the paper describes the political challenges that these countries face: democratic transition and consolidation, respectively.

  5. Entre utopía y realidad: historia de la Unión de Ejidos de la Selva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Estrada Saavedra

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo es una contribución al conocimiento de la historia política tojolabal contemporánea. Pretende profundizar en nuestra comprensión del movimiento campesino chiapaneco en el siglo XX, cuya historia, aún está por ser escrita. En particular, doy cuenta del proceso organizativo que se ha dado en la Unión de Ejidos de la Selva del municipio de Las Margaritas.

  6. La estructura industrial húngara y las relaciones comerciales con la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Luengo Escalonilla, Fernando

    1996-01-01

    El trabajo se centra en el análisis de los Acuerdos Europeos suscritos entre Hungría y la Unión Europea; por un lado, se presentan las novedades en relación a otras propuestas de cooperación y las posibilidades comerciales, las estrategias de desarrollo económico, la apertura y equilibrios comerciales y el patrón de inserción comercial.

  7. A União Européia como ator internacional e os países do Mercosul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Gomes Saraiva

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examina a habilidade da União Européia em agir como um ator internacional nos diálogos inter-regionais, através da análise de seu comportamento para os países do Mercosul de 1991 a 2003. A primeira parte apresenta abordagens sobre a percepção da União Européia como ator internacional. A segunda examina o desenvolvimento dos diálogos inter-regionais. O artigo apresenta um breve quadro das relações União Européia/América Latina durante o período. Em seguida, analisa o Acordo Marco de Cooperação Inter-regional, enfatizando a dimensão política, junto com os avanços e obstáculos nas negociações com vistas à liberalização comercial. Na conclusão avaliam-se as ações da União Européia como ator internacional em relação aos países-membro do Mercosul.This article examines the European Union's ability to act as an international actor in the interregional dialogues through an analysis of its behavior towards the Mercosur countries from 1991 to 2003. The first part discusses approaches concerning the perceptions of the European Union as an international actor. The second one examines the development of interregional dialogues. The article presents a brief framework of the relations European Union/Latin America during this period. It analyses the Interregional Framework Cooperation Agreement, emphasizing the political dimension, and the advances and obstacles in the negotiations towards trade liberalization. The conclusion evaluates the actions of the European Union as an international actor in relation to the Mercosur members.

  8. SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES Structure optimization of a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with introduction of a hydro-dynamic model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guoyu, Li; Yejin, Zhang; Xiaojian, Li; Lilin, Tian

    2010-10-01

    Characteristics of a uni-traveling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD) are investigated. A hydro-dynamic model is introduced which takes into account the electrons' velocity overshoot in the depletion region, which is a more accurate high speed device than using the normal drift—diffuse model. Based on previous results, two modified UTC-PDs are presented, and an optimized device is obtained, the bandwidth of which is more than twice that of the original.

  9. El régimen fiscal de las cooperativas y el Derecho de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Aguilar Rubio

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El régimen jurídico y económico de las cooperativas presenta una serie de limitaciones que, en gran medida, derivan del respeto a los principios cooperativos y de concepciones restrictivas del concepto de cooperativa y de cooperativismo. En atención a sus particularidades, las legislaciones de algunos Estados miembros de la Unión Europea contienen una fiscalidad de todas o algunas cooperativas que toma en consideración esta realidad. Esto ha generado algunas controversias con la interpretación del Derecho de la Unión Europea realizada por algunas Instituciones. El estudio realiza un recorrido sobre las actuaciones de las Instituciones de la Unión Europea en relación con las medidas fiscales específicas de las cooperativas con objeto de enmarcar correctamente la situación jurídica actual de estas sociedades y valorar la necesidad de reforma de su régimen legal y, en su caso, los términos de la misma.Recibido: 10.06.2016Aceptado: 30.09.2016

  10. Bus Technology and Its Application of Microchip UNI/O%MicrochipUNI/O总线技术及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪社民

    2012-01-01

    UNI/O总线是Microchip公司开发的一种创新型单I/0总线。本文分析了该总线的特点和通信原理,以11XXX系列EEPROM存储器的应用为例,详细介绍了UNI/O从器件与单片机的接口技术,给出了硬件连接电路和存储器读写操作的程序流程。%UNI/O bus is an innovative single-I/O bus developed by Microchip. The paper analyzes the features and communication princi pie of UNI/O bus. Taking the application of 11XXX serial EEPROM memeory an example, the article describes the interface technology of UNI/O slave device and MCU in detail. Then the hardware connection circuit and program flow of memory read and write operation are provided.

  11. Efecto de las tensiones en la unión soldada tubo-brida del transportador de mineral reducido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjoris Utria-Jimenez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo determinar mediante el cálculo y simulación de tensiones, el efecto de estas en la aparición de roturas en la unión soldada del tubo con la brida en tramos rectos del transportador de mineral laterítico reducido de una planta metalúrgica. La simulación se realizó por el método de elementos finitos. El análisis metalográficoevidenció que la unión soldada presenta estructuras ferrito–perlítica y de Widmanstaetten incompleta, lo cual está motivado por la diferencia de carbono que existe entre la brida y el tubo. Se concluye que las tensiones de la soldadura no inducen la aparición de las fallas; según criterio de Von Misses la unión resiste las condiciones de carga ya que las tensiones máximas generadas por la soldadura del cordón se distribuyen a lo largo del mismo sin sobrepasar los valores peligrosos.

  12. Papel de la Unión Europea en las negociaciones de cambio climático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xira Ruiz

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la postura de la Unión Europea ante el cambio climático, así como sus principales instrumentos de cooperación medioambiental en el sur del Mediterráneo. Se analizan los compromisos que ha adquirido la Unión en las distintas conferencias de las partes (COPs, su nivel de cumplimiento y su capacidad de liderazgo en el área del cambio climático desde la Cumbre de Río en 1992. También se examinan los principales compromisos adquiridos en las últimas conferencias de las partes y la postura de los actores clave ante la COP de París que se celebrará a finales de 2015. En la última parte, se profundiza en el impacto de iniciativas de cooperación UE-Magreb, como la Unión para el Mediterráneo o el proyecto Clima South.

  13. Matrimonio y unión libre en la percepción de adolescentes mexicanos radicados en Tijuana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma OJEDA

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este es un estudio sobre las actitudes y percepciones de los jóvenes mexicanos acerca de la unión libre y el matrimonio. Se censó la población estudiantil de dos preparatorias públicas de Tijuana, Baja California, y también se obtuvo información proveniente de grupos focales realizados únicamente con estudiantes femeninas de las mismas escuelas. Los resultados indican que la mayoría de las mujeres y los hombres entrevistados no creen que existan ventajas comparativas entre el matrimonio y la unión libre. Asimismo, son más los jóvenes que están convencidos de que la convivencia prematrimonial contribuye a la estabilidad marital, que aquéllos que piensan que el matrimonio hace más estable a la pareja. También se encontró que son multinivel los aspectos referenciales considerados en las percepciones de las adolescentes entrevistadas acerca de los pros y contras que tienen la unión libre y el matrimonio.

  14. Cuentas conjuntas o separadas: Administración del dinero en familias de primera unión y reconstituidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Ripoll-Núñez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio se propuso explorar los sistemas de administración del dinero empleados por parejas de primera unión y reconstituidas. Son 26 parejas heterosexuales (12 parejas de primera unión y 14 reconstituidas las que respondieron a una entrevista en profundidad sobre la manera cómo aportan económicamente al presupuesto familiar, la administración de esos aportes, y su percepción sobre qué tan justas son las decisiones sobre el dinero en su relación. El análisis de las temáticas que emergieron permitió identificar cinco sistemas de administración: salario completo, mesada, fondo común, manejo independiente y manejo independiente con fondo común. Contrario a lo señalado en otros estudios, las parejas de primera unión empleaban sistemas de manejo independiente o manejo independiente con fondo común. Sin embargo, en parejas reconstituidas se encontró principalmente el sistema de fondo común. Los resultados se discuten en relación con la literatura acerca de la administración del dinero en diferentes tipos de uniones maritales.

  15. Diseño de plataforma informática con información turística del Departamento de La Unión

    OpenAIRE

    Flores, José Mauricio; Ruíz de Campos, Maritza

    2009-01-01

    El Centro Regional La Unión de ITCA–FEPADE, perteneciente a la Red Nacional MEGATEC, desarrolló la investigación “Diseño de plataforma informática con información turística del Departamento de La Unión”. La investigación tuvo como objetivo elaborar un inventario turístico de recursos naturales, culturales, oferta complementaria, recopilación de información primaria y secundaria relacionada con el Departamento de La Unión, que podrá ser utilizado para la creación de rutas turísticas de La Unió...

  16. CHAR ACTERIZA T ION OF THR EE BENZO A TE DEG RADING ANOX YGENIC PH OTOSYNTHETIC BA CTERI A ISO LA TED F RO M THE ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DWI SURYANTO

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Three anoxygenic photosyn thetic bacter ia, DS-1, DS-4 and Cas-13, have been exam in ated for their morphological and physiolog ical propert ies. All s trains were rod-sh ape ce lls with a swollen terminal end, Gram nega tive , motile, non-hal ophilic, non-alkal ophilic a n d non- acid ophilic , a nd capable of utilizing benzoate aerobically and photo-anaerobically. Sequ ence analysis of part of 16S rRNA genes showed that DS-1 and Cas- 13 we re cl osel y relate d to Rhodopseudomonas palustris Stra in 7 w ith a simila ri ty of 97%, where a s DS-4 ma y not be c losel y rela te d t o the former t wo str ai ns wit h a si milarit y of 78% based on t he constr ucte d phyloge nic tree . Sp ec tral anal ys is ind ica te d that the thr ee ba cter ia ha d ba cter io ch lorophyl a and norm al sp ir il loxa nthi n ser ies. Growth in med ium enriched with vitamin and supplemen ted with ben zoa te as their s ole C-s ources wa s bette r t han in me di um witho ut vita min. Benz oate deg ra dati on in me di u m with vita min was ac ce lerated. The ab ility to grow on benzoate withou t added vitam ins ind icated that the bacteria were able to s ynthesize th eir own vitamins.

  17. MENGKAJI PELUANG PASAR INTERNASIONAL MELALUI KINERJA EKONOMI NEGARA-NEGARA UNI EROPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devie Devie

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The economic integration through the establishment of European Union (EU which consists of 15 countries in January 1958 is aimed to facilitate economic collaboration and enhance the union members wealth. The last attempt of this economic integration can be seen in unifying the union member currency into EURO (although this attempt is not supported by England, Sweden, and Finland. This attempt has eventually changed the marketing stategy of many companies, excluding the countries of EU. Since they concentrate on penetrating EU's market. The data of EU's economic indicators show that, until the year of 2001, EU's countries have a great market opportunity for the countries outside EU. The market opporunity is based on the fact that EU countries hold the second best GDP, after USA. With 70.74% of this GDP, it is contributed export-import activities. Besides that, the economic growth rate of EU countries is 1,5% higher than USA, and the GDP per capita is relatively high and the population of EU countries is ranked to be no.3 after China and India. As for Indonesia, the currency rate of euro which is relatively stable. Is very beneficial The EU countries that have great market opportunities to enter to are Ireland, Luxembourge, and Finland. So far there has been 10 of the EU candidates countries with good economic performance except Turkey which could enhance in the future, if they become permananet members of the union Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Integrasi ekonomi melalui pembentukan Uni Eropa atau Europen Union (EU sejak Januari 1958 dengan anggota 15 negara bertujuan memudahkan kerjasama ekonomi dan peningkatan kemakmuran anggotanya. Upaya terakhir dalam pengintegrasian ekonomi adalah penyatuan mata uang EURO, walaupun tidak diikuti oleh Inggeris, Swedia, dan Finlandia. Upaya ini sekaligus merubah strategi pemasaran bagi perusahaan di negara yang tidak termasuk anggota dalam memasuki pasar EU. Berdasarkan eksplorasi data indikator ekonomi EU

  18. A auditoria legal na União Europeia: enquadramento, debate actual e perspectivas futuras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Joaquim Marques de Almeida

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available A auditoria legal na União Europeia, encontra-se, presentemente, numa grande encruzilhada. Imposta pelos poderes públicos e pelas directivas comunitárias, é criticada pelos empresários por não acrescentar valor ao negócio, e, duma maneira geral, pela sociedade que ao atribuir-lhe a característica de bem público, esperava dela respostas mais amplas do que aquelas que os auditores, espartilhados por um quadro normativo e jurídico-técnico construído pelas suas associações profissionais, conseguem ou querem facultar ao público em geral. Com efeito, as normas de auditoria que tratam do planeamento, execução e avaliação do trabalho do auditor, têm sido o refúgio eleito pelos auditores e uma justificação esgrimida, unanimemente, pela classe, para recusar liminarmente o alargamento das funções de auditoria à análise da viabilidade da empresa e à detecção de erros e fraudes. Neste contexto, a função de auditoria legal está sendo, na actualidade, fortemente criticada por não proporcionar ao público "certezas" de que: as declarações financeiras estão correctas, a empresa não falirá, não houve fraudes ou irregularidades, a empresa agiu dentro da lei, foi administrada de forma competente e adoptou uma atitude responsável face aos assuntos ambientais e sociais. É, pois, o objectivo deste trabalho, apresentar em relação à União Europeia, a origem da auditoria legal, e, em termos mais gerais, as inquietações do presente e perspectivar a função, num futuro não muito distante.Nowadays, legal auditing in the European Union finds itself facing a great crossroads. Imposed by governments and communitarian guidelines, it is criticized by entrepreneurs for not aggregating value to the business, as well as by society in general which, characterizing legal auditing as a public good, expected it to give more elaborate answers than those which the auditors, closed in by a standardizing and legal-technical framework made

  19. Optimization of the Hybrid Sulfur Cycle for Nuclear Hydrogen Production Using UniSim Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yong Hun; Jeong, Yong Hoon [KAIST, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-05-15

    The sulfur-based thermochemical cycles are considered as the most promising methods to produce hydrogen. The Hybrid Sulfur (HyS) Cycle is a mixed thermochemical cycle with the sulfur-aided electrolysis as depicted in the Fig. 1. Hydrogen is produced from water by oxidizing sulfur dioxide in the low temperature electrolysis step and the sulfuric acid which is also produced in the electrolyzer proceeds to the high temperature thermochemical step. The sulfuric acid is concentrated in the concentrator first and then decomposed into steam and sulfur trioxide, which is further decomposed into sulfur dioxide and oxygen at high temperature (;1100 K) in the decomposer. After separated with oxygen in the separator, the sulfur dioxide is fed again to the electrolyzer to reduce the required electrode potential far below than that of the typical water electrolysis. Hydrogen is worth as a future energy carrier when it is produced cost effectively. In that sense, the energy efficiency of the hybrid sulfur cycle is needed to be improved as high as achievable. The flow sheet developed by Westinghouse, the first proposer of the cycle, is not optimized for the cycle efficiency. In the previous work, a detailed flow sheet model was developed and also the cycle efficiency of that was roughly estimated using the software CHEMKIN and CANARY based on the experimental data for the electrode potential and appropriate work of separation. The maximum efficiency was found to be 50.5% under the operating conditions of 10 bar and 1200K for decomposer and acid concentration of 60 mol% for decomposer, 60 wt. % for electrolyzer, respectively. In this study, more detailed flow sheet was developed and optimized by using software UniSim Design which is one of the most powerful process design and simulation tools.

  20. El concepto actual de servicio público en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rivera Staff

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta algunas ideas relativas al concepto de servicio de interés económico general, que ha venido a reemplazar el de servicio público, en las instancias normativas y jurisprudenciales de la Unión Europea. La intención en un primer momento fue que los mecanismos de mercado constituyeran los elementos necesarios para satisfacer las necesidades de los ciudadanos, con respecto a estos servicios, pero el desarrollo del proceso, demostró que el mercado por sí solo no logra estos objetivos, por lo que fue necesario elaborar este nuevo concepto, cuyos elementos se fundamentan en la ideología del servicio público, pero que cuenta con técnicas y mecanismos más flexibles y menos inclinados hacia el Derecho Público. Para intentar lograr conjugar estos objetivos que en principio pueden parecer contrarios o excluyentes, ha sido necesario un esfuerzo de consolidar nuevos esquemas e instituciones, en donde la regulación como mecanismo de intervención pública en la actividad de estos sectores, es fundamental. Este proceso de cambios en la estructura de los servicios públicos prestados a los ciudadanos, teniendo en cuenta el objetivo principal de satisfacer necesidades, pero logrando avances en cuanto a eficiencia y flexibilidad, puede ser tomado como referencia a los países latinoamericanos, al momento de reflexionar sobre los cambios necesarios que reclama nuestra ciudadanía, en términos de accesibilidad y equidad de los mismos.

  1. [Prevalence of eating disorders in college students and associated factors: uniHcos project].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-González, Leticia; Fernández Villa, Tania; Molina de la Torre, Antonio José; Ayán Pérez, Carlos; Bueno Cavanillas, Aurora; Capelo Álvarez, Rocío; Mateos Campos, Ramona; Martín Sánchez, Vicente

    2014-10-01

    Introducción: Los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) son especialmente frecuentes en los jóvenes. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de TCA en jóvenes universitarios y sus factores asociados. Metodología: Estudio de prevalencia en jóvenes universitarios españoles del proyecto uniHcos. Mediante regresión logística no condicional se determinó la magnitud de la asociación entre los factores de riesgo asociados al estilo de vida y padecer un TCA medido mediante el cuestionario Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food (SCOFF). Resultados: La prevalencia de TCA fue del 19,5%, siendo mayor en mujeres (ORa=1,59; p=0,006). En los chicos, tener criterios de padecer TCA se asoció con vivir en colegios mayores, con realizar “binge drinking”, y uso problemático de internet. En las mujeres el estudiar titulaciones diferentes a las ciencias de la salud (ORa=1,50) y el uso problemático de internet (ORa=2,33). Aquellas mujeres con riesgo de TCA presentaban con mayor frecuencia depresión (ORa=2,02), dolores menstruales (ORa=1,81) y mala salud percibida (ORa=1,70). En los hombres, aquellos con riesgo de TCA presentaban con mayor frecuencia una mala salud percibida (ORa=2,42). Conclusiones: El riesgo de obtener resultados positivos en el SCOFF en nuestro estudio es similar a lo publicado para otras poblaciones de estudiantes, así como su asociación con determinadas adicciones y problemas de salud. Se observaron diferencias en función del sexo que precisan atención en el diseño de estrategias de prevención y control.

  2. "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." : [luuletused] / Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Jaan, 1941-

    2001-01-01

    Tekst eesti ja inglise k. J. Kaplinski lühibiograafia eesti ja inglise k. lk. 93. Sisu: "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." = "Sleep covers us too much for one, too little for two..." ; "Olematus ulatub kõikjale ja olemasolu on täis rahu..." = "Non-being pervades everything and being is full of peace..." ; "See mis meid äratas..." = "What woke us..." ; "Seesama meri meis kõigis..." = "The same sea in us all..." ; Dana paramita ; "Ida ja Lääne vaheline piir rändab ikka, vahel itta, vahel läände..." = "The East-West border is always wandering..." ; "Pesu ei saa kunagi pestud..." = "The washing never gets home..." ; "Neli ja pool tonni sileesia sütt..." = "Four-and-a-half tons of Silesian coal..." ; "Ei teagi, kas ma tohin rääkida roheline..." = "I don't even know if I have the right to say "green"..." ; "Maailmu on nii palju kui liivateri mere ääres..." = "There are as many worlds as grains of sand on a beach..." ; "Viimane pilv läheb üle taeva läänest itta..." = "A last cloud goes over the sky from West to East..." ; "Taevas on pilves. Soe tuul tuleb hõlma alla..." = "The sky is overcast. The warm wind is creeping under your shirt..." ; "Mu tädi tundis neid hästi, mina ei tea..." = "My aunt knew them well, I know of them..." ; "Hommikul tutvustati mind president Mitterrandile..." = "In the morning, I was presented to President Mitterrand..." ; "Meri ei taha lainetada. Tuul ei taha puhuda..." = "The sea doesn't want to wave...".Poems written in English: "Om svabhavasuddhah sarva dharmah. No selfhood..." ; "My little boy..." ; "After many bitterly cold days..." ; "You can forget nature..." ; I walk facing East..." ; "A skier going south..."

  3. Calidad del coque de Horno Alto en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez, R.

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available After a brief review of the coking technology at the beginning of the new millennium, blast furnace coke quality criteria of most of EU countries, presented by the European Blast Furnace Committee in the 4th European Coke and Ironmaking Congress, are compared with those used by the Spanish Steel Industry at Aceralia. Blast furnace coke quality is very high in EU's countries in order to meet the requirements of bigger blast furnaces commissioned in the last years. CSR index is the most important parameter in the control of coke quality in Europe.

    En el presente trabajo se ha llevado a cabo una breve revisión de las tecnologías de coquización existentes al comienzo del nuevo milenio. Los criterios de calidad del coque de Horno Alto de la mayoría de los países de la Unión Europea, recogidos por el European Blast Furnace Committee, y que fueron presentados en el 4th European Coke and Ironmaking Congress en París durante el año 2000, se comparan con los utilizados por la industria siderúrgica española Aceralia. Como consecuencia del sensible aumento experimentado en el tamaño de los modernos Hornos Altos durante los últimos años, se ha podido comprobar que, en la UE, los valores de los diversos parámetros de control de calidad del coque son bastante similares y con unos requerimientos muy elevados. Asimismo, en la UE el parámetro CSR se ha convertido en el más importante para el control de la calidad del coque de Horno Alto.

  4. Repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with aorto-uni-iliac stentgraft and femoro-femoral bypass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, J G M; van Marle, J

    2012-03-29

    Endovascular repair (EVAR) is accepted as effective treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and has become the standard of care in many instances. The standard bifurcated stentgraft (BFG) is often not possible in patients with unfavourable aneurysm morphology. The aorto-uni-iliac (AUI) graft configuration with femoro-femoral bypass (FFBP) is a promising alternative which may extend the scope of EVAR for AAAs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and durability of AUI with FFBP. Design. The results of a single institution and a single surgeon were prospectively collected from January 2002 to August 2010. All patients were followed up at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months and then annually. Results. There were 33 patients (27 males) with a mean age of 71.7 years (range 46 - 84). Open surgery posed an unacceptably high risk to all patients owing to advanced age and/or American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification 3/4. Ineligibility for BFG was due to unfavourable anatomy or a combination of factors in most cases (31 patients). Two patients had anastomotic aneurysms after previous open surgery. The technical success rate was 100%. One severe intra-operative complication occurred (perforated iliac artery). Two patients (ASA 4) died within 30 days (peri-operative mortality rate 6.1%). Seven patients (21.1%) developed postoperative wound complications. Eight patients died during follow-up of non-aneurysm-related conditions. Twenty-three patients are alive, with mean follow-up of 24.4 months and a survival rate of 69.7%. Two complications occurred during long-term follow-up, namely 1 case of graft sepsis and 1 of FFBP occlusion. Conclusion. AUI with FFBP is a safe, effective and durable alternative in high-risk patients with AAAs where standard open repair is contraindicated and BFG repair is not possible owing to unfavourable aneurysm morphology.

  5. "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." : [luuletused] / Jaan Kaplinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaplinski, Jaan, 1941-

    2001-01-01

    Tekst eesti ja inglise k. J. Kaplinski lühibiograafia eesti ja inglise k. lk. 93. Sisu: "Uni katab meid ühele palju kahele vähe..." = "Sleep covers us too much for one, too little for two..." ; "Olematus ulatub kõikjale ja olemasolu on täis rahu..." = "Non-being pervades everything and being is full of peace..." ; "See mis meid äratas..." = "What woke us..." ; "Seesama meri meis kõigis..." = "The same sea in us all..." ; Dana paramita ; "Ida ja Lääne vaheline piir rändab ikka, vahel itta, vahel läände..." = "The East-West border is always wandering..." ; "Pesu ei saa kunagi pestud..." = "The washing never gets home..." ; "Neli ja pool tonni sileesia sütt..." = "Four-and-a-half tons of Silesian coal..." ; "Ei teagi, kas ma tohin rääkida roheline..." = "I don't even know if I have the right to say "green"..." ; "Maailmu on nii palju kui liivateri mere ääres..." = "There are as many worlds as grains of sand on a beach..." ; "Viimane pilv läheb üle taeva läänest itta..." = "A last cloud goes over the sky from West to East..." ; "Taevas on pilves. Soe tuul tuleb hõlma alla..." = "The sky is overcast. The warm wind is creeping under your shirt..." ; "Mu tädi tundis neid hästi, mina ei tea..." = "My aunt knew them well, I know of them..." ; "Hommikul tutvustati mind president Mitterrandile..." = "In the morning, I was presented to President Mitterrand..." ; "Meri ei taha lainetada. Tuul ei taha puhuda..." = "The sea doesn't want to wave...".Poems written in English: "Om svabhavasuddhah sarva dharmah. No selfhood..." ; "My little boy..." ; "After many bitterly cold days..." ; "You can forget nature..." ; I walk facing East..." ; "A skier going south..."

  6. Diagnostic developments for velocity and temperature measurements in uni-element rocket environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philippart, Kenneth D.

    1995-08-01

    Velocity and temperature measurements were taken within a uni-element rocket combustion chamber for hydrogen-oxygen propellants using laser Doppler velocimetry, thermocouples, and a thermocouple-based temperature rake developed for this effort. Velocity and turbulence profiles were obtained for firings with a gaseous oxygen (GO2)/gaseous hydrogen (GH2) coaxial shear injector at axial locations of 1.6 mm (0.063 in.), 6.4 mm (0.25 in.), 12.7 mm (0.5 in.), 25.4 mm (1 in.) and 50.8 mm (2 in.). Aluminum oxide particles of various sizes seeded the flow in an attempt to explain the discrepancies. While cold-flow simulations were promising, hot-fire results for the various particles were virtually identical and still lower than earlier data. The hot-firings were self-consistent and question the reproducibility of the previous data. Velocity measurements were made closer to the injector than the preceding work. Asymmetries were noted in all profiles. The shear layer displayed high turbulence levels. The central flow near the injector resembled turbulent pipe flow. Recirculation zones existed at the chamber walls and became smaller as the flow evolved downstream. The combusting flow region expanded with increasing axial distance. A thermocouple-instrumented coaxial injector was fired with GO2/GH2 propellants. The injector exit plane boundary conditions were determined. The feasibility of a thermocouple-based temperature rake was established. Tests at three axial positions for air/GM2 firings revealed asymmetric profiles. Temperatures increased with increasing axial distance.

  7. Comparación entre la Unión Europea y el MERCOSUR desde un enfoque económico-institucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Bologna

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo realiza una comparación entre la Unión Europea y el MERCOSUR en cuanto procesos de integración. Desde el punto de vista analítico se toman tres grupos de variables. En primer lugar la génesis u origen de ambos procesos de integración, en donde se destaca la juventud del MERCOSUR frente a la Unión Europea. En segundo término, se analizan: a los principios guías, b las etapas de la integración económica, c los objetivos del proceso, d los medios e instrumentos que se detallan en los tratados y e la estructura institucional. Y en tercer lugar se desarrollan variables de tipo políticas y jurídicas, destacando su interrelación con las anteriores. Al respecto, se desarrollan: a la relación entre integración política y económica, b la soberanía de los Estados parte, c la normativa y d la solución de controversias, en cada uno de estos dos procesos.____________________ABSTRACT:This article carries out a comparison between the European Union and the MERCOSUR as processes of integration. It takes three groups of analytic variables. In first place: the genesis or origin of both processes of integration, where we found the youth of the MERCOSUR in front of the European Union. In second term, we analyze: a the principles guides, b the stages of the economic integration, c the objectives of the process, d the means and instruments that are detailed in the treaties and e the institutional framework. And in third place, will be developed political and juridical variables, and their interrelation with the previous ones. We will analyze: a the relationship among political and economic integration, b the sovereignty of the States, c the normative and d the solution of controversies, in each one of these two processes.   

  8. Los medicamentos en la Unión Europea: el tándem comercio-salud Drugs in the European Union: the health-market tandem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Antoñanzas

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Caracterizar la naturaleza económica singular del mercado de medicamentos en la Unión Europea, estudiar las posibles agrupaciones de países en función de ciertas variables farmacéuticas, analizar algunas normas reguladoras recientes dirigidas a la creación del mercado único y presentar algunas reflexiones sobre la toma de decisiones en materia de salud pública desde la perspectiva de la situación actual de los presupuestos públicos sanitarios. Método: análisis económico de macromagnitudes sanitarias y farmacéuticas, análisis de agrupamiento de datos («cluster», revisión de la legislación farmacéutica e industrial comunitaria, así como de las formas de presupuestación farmacéutica de los estados miembros. Resultados: Se ha caracterizado el mercado de medicamentos en la Unión Europea y se han clasificado los países a partir de 5 variables en torno a 2 grupos principales. Las medidas legislativas comunitarias tienden a fomentar la I+D y la producción de fármacos, de modo que se consolide el sector industrial. Las regulaciones nacionales son diferentes en materias de reembolso y establecimiento de precios. Conclusiones: La creación del mercado único del medicamento en la Unión Europea debe contemplar esta diversidad reguladora y buscar un equilibrio entre los aspectos económicos y de salud pública. El mercado único farmacéutico puede ser una estrategia peligrosa si se convierte en dogma general y más si se determinan plazos fijos y breves.Objectives: To characterize the peculiar economic nature of the pharmaceutical market in the EU, to study potential groupings of countries based on several pharmaceutical variables, to analyze some recent regulations designed to create the single market, and to present some thoughts on the decision making process in public health from the perspective of current public health budgets. Method: We performed an economic analysis of health and pharmaceutical macrovariables

  9. Taxonomy Enabled Discovery (TED) Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The proposal addresses the NASA's need to enable scientific discovery and the topic's requirements for: processing large volumes of data, commonly available on the...

  10. Simulation and Research of the Acid Gas Removal Process for Natural Gas Based on UniSim%基于UniSim对天然气脱酸工艺的模拟与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦向攀; 王剑峰; 张东辉

    2015-01-01

    针对某陆上气田天然气含有高浓度CO2,采用活化的MDEA溶液吸收法进行脱除,活化剂选用DEA,选择DBR Amine package物性方程,利用UniSim Design流程模拟软件对脱酸工艺进行模拟分析,从溶剂配比、理论板数、进料温度等方面进行计算分析,得出最佳的工艺设计或操作参数.

  11. A Unified tool to estimate Distances, Ages, and Masses (UniDAM) from spectrophotometric data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mints, Alexey; Hekker, Saskia

    2017-08-01

    Context. Galactic archaeology, the study of the formation and evolution of the Milky Way by reconstructing its past from its current constituents, requires precise and accurate knowledge of stellar parameters for as many stars as possible. To achieve this, a number of large spectroscopic surveys have been undertaken and are still ongoing. Aims: So far consortia carrying out the different spectroscopic surveys have used different tools to determine stellar parameters of stars from their derived effective temperatures (Teff), surface gravities (log g), and metallicities ([Fe/H]); the parameters can be combined with photometric, astrometric, interferometric, or asteroseismic information. Here we aim to homogenise the stellar characterisation by applying a unified tool to a large set of publicly available spectrophotometric data. Methods: We used spectroscopic data from a variety of large surveys combined with infrared photometry from 2MASS and AllWISE and compared these in a Bayesian manner with PARSEC isochrones to derive probability density functions (PDFs) for stellar masses, ages, and distances. We treated PDFs of pre-helium-core burning, helium-core burning, and post helium-core burning solutions as well as different peaks in multimodal PDFs (i.e. each unimodal sub-PDF) of the different evolutionary phases separately. Results: For over 2.5 million stars we report mass, age, and distance estimates for each evolutionary phase and unimodal sub-PDF. We report Gaussian, skewed, Gaussian, truncated Gaussian, modified truncated exponential distribution or truncated Student's t-distribution functions to represent each sub-PDF, allowing us to reconstruct detailed PDFs. Comparisons with stellar parameter estimates from the literature show good agreement within uncertainties. Conclusions: We present UniDAM, the unified tool applicable to spectrophotometric data of different surveys, to obtain a homogenised set of stellar parameters. The unified tool and the tables with

  12. Functional outcomes of uni-knee arthroplasty for medial compartment knee arthropathy in asian patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    To Wong

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Uni-knee arthroplasty (UKA has shown better knee kinematics and motion that may better suit the activities of daily living in Eastern countries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of UKA for medial compartment knee arthropathy in Asian patients. Methods: The study cohort consisted of 48 patients with 51 UK A knees. Only one type of prosthesis was used and all components were cemented. Postoperative management included ambulation with weight bearing, range of motion, and muscle strengthening exercises as tolerated until full recovery. The average follow-up was 52.0 ± 24.0 (range 12-92 months. The evaluation included functional assessment, the Knee Society knee and functional scores, the International Knee Document Committee (IKDC subjective and objective scores, and radiographs of the knee. Results: The overall clinical outcomes of the knee showed the functional outcome of the knee to be normal in 51%, nearly normal in 37%, abnormal in 8%, and severely abnormal in 4%. The functional activities included stair climbing in 96%, squatting in 76%, jogging in 71% and kneeling in 47%. Three-quarters of the patients were able to kneel for daily activities. Approximately 98% of the patients were satisfied with the operation. The survivorship of the prosthesis was 98% with one revision pending. Radiographic evaluations revealed the components were centered in 82% and off-centered in 18%. Osteoarthritis was 22% preoperative and 27% postoperative for the patellofemoral compartment, and 0% before and 4% after surgery for the lateral compartment. The functional outcomes showed no difference between patients with and without patellofemoral arthritis. The complications included one component malposition and one knee pain of undetermined origin. Conclusions: UKA provides excellent pain relief and restoration of knee function including kneeling, squatting, and sit-to-stand activities that perfectly fit the oriental

  13. El tipo de unión y el aborto: una comparación generacional para México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Quilodrán Salgado

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el presente trabajo se pretende incorporar al estudio del aborto en México la perspectiva generacional y la distinción según el tipo de unión, dos dimensiones que no han sido consideradas en los estudios publicados hasta la fecha. Los datos utilizados corresponden a los de la Encuesta Nacional de la Dinámica Demográfica levantada en 1997. Entre los resultados obtenidos destaca el relativo a la reducción que experimentó el aborto entre las jóvenes (menores de 30 años de las generaciones nacidas a fines de los años cuarenta y aquellas que lo hicieron veinte años después, a fines de los sesenta. La distinción por tipo de unión nos permite atribuir esta disminución a las mujeres casadas, que casi exclusivamente eran quienes lo practicaban, y evaluar su impacto reductivo sobre la fecundidad en 1.2 nacimientos evitados en las generaciones mayores y 0.5 en las mas jóvenes. Las mujeres en uniones libres no superan los 0.6 nacimientos evitados en ninguna de las dos generaciones. Al aplicar el factor de separación propuesto, estas diferencias se traducen en relaciones de un aborto espontáneo por casi seis inducidos entre las casadas de más edad y solamente uno de cada dos entre las más jóvenes. Finalmente la distribución según el método anticonceptivo utilizado nos indica que las jóvenes en unión libre están más eficazmente protegidas que las casadas.

  14. Paz y seguridad humana en África: una visión desde la Unión Africana

    OpenAIRE

    Jerónimo Delgado

    2009-01-01

    En este artículo se analizan las diferentes iniciativas que ha tenido el continente africano en materia de solución de conflictos y consolidación de la paz desde la perspectiva de la seguridad humana. En la primera parte, se identifican los componentes de la seguridad humana y los factores de inseguridad a los que se exponen los individuos en África, para luego examinar los avances del marco legal de la Unión Africana en la prevención de conflictos con énfasis en la seguridad de los individuo...

  15. Epidemiología de las lesiones deportivas en países de la unión europea

    OpenAIRE

    Ríos Azuara, D.; Pérez Flores, D.; Ríos Alcolea, M.

    2014-01-01

    La práctica deportiva es una actividad que se recomienda para mantener y promocionar la salud y los buenos hábitos. Sin embargo puede acarrear un riesgo importante de lesiones. Este estudio presenta, mediante técnicas de análisis multivariante, la relación que existe entre la tipo de lesiones, lugares del cuerpo donde se producen, los deportes más populares; fútbol, baloncesto, voleibol, y gimnasia, edad y países donde se practica, tomando datos de cinco países de la Unión Europea. Si relacio...

  16. Inmigración y educación para la diversidad en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Llorent Bedmar, Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Ante la creciente incorporación del alumnado inmigrante a los distintos sistemas educativos de la Unión Europea, los centros escolares europeos deben tener presente en su gestión que, en ellos, se encuentran estudiantes procedentes de diferentes culturas, y tienen que integrarse en un marco de convivencia común, experimentando la diversidad no como un obstáculo sino como un enriquecimiento. El Consejo de Europa se ha decantado por llevar a cabo una política de integ...

  17. Inmigración y educación para la diversidad en la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Llorent Bedmar, Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Ante la creciente incorporación del alumnado inmigrante a los distintos sistemas educativos de la Unión Europea, los centros escolares europeos deben tener presente en su gestión que, en ellos, se encuentran estudiantes procedentes de diferentes culturas, y tienen que integrarse en un marco de convivencia común, experimentando la diversidad no como un obstáculo sino como un enriquecimiento. El Consejo de Europa se ha decantado por llevar a cabo una política de integ...

  18. Teaching and learning in the international classroom: quality principles and lessons learned from the IntlUni project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Karen M.; Cozart, Stacey Marie

    2015-01-01

    As higher education in Europe becomes increasingly internationalized, many higher education institutions are facing new diversity issues as well as opportunities arising from educational settings where students and teachers often have different first languages, cultural backgrounds......, and expectations about the teaching and learning processes and outcomes. Certainly, many teachers in these settings are meeting the challenges of this diversity, and some are leveraging it to improve student learning and intercultural competence. Nevertheless, the work of IntlUni, an Erasmus Academic Network (2012...... of principles for quality teaching and learning in the international classroom, developed by the network, as well as a number of the important lessons learned...

  19. Perfil de mercado de la Unión Europea y los países de la EFTA

    OpenAIRE

    Casadiego, Vanessa; Villegas, Melissa; Beltrán, Paula Daniela

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo de grado busca evaluar el perfil del mercado de la Unión Europea y los países de la EFTA para identificar las oportunidades comerciales de Colombia, más específicamente en los siguientes países: Suiza, Noruega, Liechtenstein, Islandia, Republica Checa, Rumania y Suecia. A través de esta investigación se realizó un análisis de los 25 productos más exportados de Colombia a cada uno de los países estudiados, tomando en cuenta sus códigos arancelarios. Adicionalmente, se e...

  20. Factores de riesgo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en el personal de la Universidad Peruana Unión, 2009.

    OpenAIRE

    Quiliche Castañeda, Ruth Beatriz; Universidad Peruana Unión

    2011-01-01

    Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) en el personal de la Univer- sidad Peruana Unión, 2009. Metodología: Estudio transversal, descriptivo, analítico en una muestra de 36 personas de 30 a 65 años a quienes se evaluó factores de riesgo de ECV: estado nutricional, dietarios, fisiológicos, estilo de vida y estrés. Resultados: Estado nutricional, IMC 38,8% en sobre peso y 22,2% en obesidad; índice cintura cadera 72,2% en riesgo de obesidad centra...

  1. Terrorismo, Yihadismo y Crimen Organizado en la Estrategia Global de Seguridad de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Alonso

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available El terrorismo es considerado en la Estrategia Global para la Política Exterior y de Seguridad de la UEcomo una de las principales amenazas a la seguridad de la Unión Europea. La lucha contra el terrorismo ha dado sus frutos en los últimos quince años, pero este artículo analiza la nueva Estrategia y se pregunta si será suficiente para responder con eficacia a esta amenaza y si se están empleando todos los medios necesarios para atajarl.

  2. Perspectivas generales del Derecho Mercantil Societario en La órbita de la Unión Europea.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Enrique Cubillos Garzón

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo realiza un estudio de las sociedades comerciales desde la órbita de la Unión Europea, así como algunos de los cambios que han sufrido las mismas como consecuencia de la constante transformación de los mercados en los que centran el desarrollo de su actividad. El análisis de esta experiencia permite plantear ciertas inquietudes en relación con las enseñanzas que de la misma se pueden extraer para nuestro ordenamiento con el fin de mejorar el funcionamiento de las sociedades mercantiles en Colombia.

  3. Perspectivas generales del Derecho Mercantil Societario en La órbita de la Unión Europea.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Enrique Cubillos Garzón

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo realiza un estudio de las sociedades comerciales desde la órbita de la Unión Europea, así como algunos de los cambios que han sufrido las mismas como consecuencia de la constante transformación de los mercados en los que centran el desarrollo de su actividad. El análisis de esta experiencia permite plantear ciertas inquietudes en relación con� las enseñanzas que de la misma se pueden extraer para nuestro ordenamiento con el fin de mejorar el funcionamiento de las sociedades mercantiles en Colombia.

  4. El desarrollo rural en la unión europea: el concepto y la política

    OpenAIRE

    Gallardo Cobos, Rosa

    2012-01-01

    El medio rural es un elemento fundamental que vertebra social y económicamente el territorio europeo y configura su paisaje. Los intensos cambios que pueden observarse en la consideración de lo rural en la Unión Europea (UE) permiten afirmar que la ruralidad es un concepto en evolución, pudiéndose diferenciar tres etapas: lo rural como imagen, como localidad y como construcción social. La evolución del concepto tiene su reflejo en la necesaria adaptación del enfoque utilizado para abordar la ...

  5. La Ciberseguridad como factor crítico en la Seguridad de la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Nieva Machin; Manuel Gazapo

    2016-01-01

    El ciberespacio es un escenario de conflicto altamente complejo al estar en constante evolución. Ni la Unión Europea ni ningún otro actor del sistema internacional se encuentra a salvo de las amenazas procedentes del ciberespacio. Pero los pasos dados desde la UE en el mundo de la ciberseguridad no son en absoluto suficientes. Europa necesita que su Estrategia de ciberseguridad sea realmente capaz de integrar a las diferentes Estrategias nacionales. Es urgente una mayor determinación, unos ma...

  6. United States and developing countries in the climatic negotiation; Etats-Unis et PED dans la negociation climatique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blanchard, O. [Universite Pierre Mendes-France IEPE-CNRS, 38 - Grenoble (France); Reiner, D. [Cambridge Univ. (United Kingdom)

    2003-07-01

    Two main topics are discussed in this presentation. The first one concerns an analysis of the Bush Administration policy consequences towards the climatic change debate and the long dated forecasts. The second one answers the open questions: must the Trans-atlantic divide be solved before or at least simultaneous to developing country accession? Will the kyoto protocol be considered a success? Do long-run formulations of the climate policy debate facilitate actions? (A.L.B.)

  7. 基于UniSim的发酵自控系统的优化与应用%Optimization and Application of the Fermentation Control System Based on UniSim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何彦行; 潘丰

    2015-01-01

    针对发酵自控系统中调节阀口径及控制参数无法在实际系统运行前验证是否较优的问题.结合某公司氨基酸发酵控制要求,利用UniSim流程模拟软件,通过稳态模拟,对控制系统中的调节阀口径选型进行优化.动态模拟发酵过程,验证优化后调节阀口径的正确性,修改控制参数,得到较优参数.系统实际应用表明,通过UniSim仿真优化后选择的调节阀满足调节范围要求,并且开度保持在10%~90%范围;模拟所得优化控制参数满足实际控制要求,缩短了实际系统的调试时间,实现了氨基酸发酵过程的稳定控制.

  8. 基于C & C08-Q的UniCenter2013中间层的设计与实现%Design and implementation of UniCenter2013 intermediate layer based on C & C08-Q

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑玲

    2014-01-01

    基于C&C08-Q的UniCenter2013呼叫中心项目,将强大的互联网同固定电话网统一起来,为客户提供了一个功能完备且全天候服务的客户中心。中间层是整个呼叫中心系统构建中的基础模块,本文为用户提供了一个完善的数据库访问解决方案,从而增强了系统的扩展性和可维护性。%The UniCenter2013 Call Center project is based on C&C08-Q,integrating powerful Internet and fixed telephone network,providing a feature complete and all whether service customer center.The intermediate layer is the basic module in the whole call center system, this chapter providing a perfect solution for accessing the database,so enhanced the system extensibility and maintainability.

  9. Da Europa dos mercados à Europa das prisões quando terrorismo, xenofobia e paranóia tentam entrar no direito da União Européia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Dal Ri Júnior

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo se dedica à análise do processode inserção no ordenamento jurídico da UniãoEuropéia e na legislação em matéria penal de algunsentre os principais Estados europeus, de normasprevendo a criminalização do terrorismointernacional e de condutas a este conexas. Damesma forma, examina a possível origem das tesescriminológicas que têm fundamentado taisinserções.The article if dedicates to the analysisof the process of insertion in the legal system ofthe European Union and in the legislation incriminal substance of some between the mainEuropean States, of norrns foreseeing thecriminalization of the international terrorism andof behaviors to this connected. In the same way,it examines the possible origin of the criminologicteses that have based such insertions.

  10. Genetic variations and diseases in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: the ins and outs of expert manual curation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Famiglietti, Maria Livia; Estreicher, Anne; Gos, Arnaud; Bolleman, Jerven; Géhant, Sébastien; Breuza, Lionel; Bridge, Alan; Poux, Sylvain; Redaschi, Nicole; Bougueleret, Lydie; Xenarios, Ioannis

    2014-08-01

    During the last few years, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have accelerated the detection of genetic variants resulting in the rapid discovery of new disease-associated genes. However, the wealth of variation data made available by NGS alone is not sufficient to understand the mechanisms underlying disease pathogenesis and manifestation. Multidisciplinary approaches combining sequence and clinical data with prior biological knowledge are needed to unravel the role of genetic variants in human health and disease. In this context, it is crucial that these data are linked, organized, and made readily available through reliable online resources. The Swiss-Prot section of the Universal Protein Knowledgebase (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot) provides the scientific community with a collection of information on protein functions, interactions, biological pathways, as well as human genetic diseases and variants, all manually reviewed by experts. In this article, we present an overview of the information content of UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot to show how this knowledgebase can support researchers in the elucidation of the mechanisms leading from a molecular defect to a disease phenotype.

  11. Study on the saturation characteristics of high-speed uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes based on field screening analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tuo Shi; Bing Xiong; Changzheng Sun; Yi Luo

    2011-01-01

    A back-illuminated mesa-Structure InGaAs/InP charge-compensated uni-traveling-carrier (UTC) photodi-ode (PD) is fabricated, and its saturation characteristics are investigated. The responsivity of the 40-μm-diameter PD is as high as 0.83 A/W, and the direct current (DC) saturation current is up to 275 mA. The 1-dB compression point at the 3-dB cutoff frequency of 9 GHz is measured to be 100 mA, corresponding to an output radio frequency (RP) power of up to 20.1 dBm. According to the calculated electric field distributions in the depleted region under both DC and alternating current (AC) conditions, the saturation of the UTC-PD is caused by complete field screening at high optical injection levels.%@@ A back-illuminated mesa-structure InGaAs/InP charge-compensated uni-traveling-carrier(UTC) photodiode(PD) is fabricated,and its saturation characteristics are investigated.The responsivity of the 40-μmdiameter PD is as high as 0.83 A/W,and the direct current(DC) saturation current is up to 275 Ma.

  12. La función del Derecho y del Juez en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Iglesias, Gil Carlos

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Desde la creación de la Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero en 1952, el Derecho ha sido un factor determinante en el proceso de integración europea. En gran medida ello ha sido posible gracias a la función conferida al juez y a este respecto me gustaría subrayar que no me refiero sólo a la función del Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas, sino también a la de los órganos jurisdiccionales nacionales de los Estados miembros. El propósito del presente trabajo es tratar de explicar este fenómeno, que reposa sobre una construcción jurídica que no puede calificarse de sencilla. Sucesivamente, se abordarán la función del Derecho como factor de integración económica y monetaria, los rasgos más característicos que han configurado el ordenamiento comunitario como un sistema jurídico de nuevo cuño, y los elementos básicos que configuran el poder judicial de la Unión europea, para concluir con algunas consideraciones sobre la función del Derecho como factor de ligitimación de la Unión Europea.

  13. Los instrumentos de preadhesión (IPA: una puerta abierta de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walfa Constanza Téllez

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El instrumento de preadhesión se ha convertido en el mecanismo jurídico y formal que deben surtir los países interesados en ingresar y ser parte de la Unión Europea (UE. En ese sentido, su existencia y cumplimiento constituyen el paso obligado para que los Estados accedan a la Unión. El abanico de requisitos y condiciones establecidos en este instrumento ponen de manifiesto el interés particular de la UE de evidenciar, en los Estados aspirantes, su ideal de democracia mediante aspectos importantes como el fortalecimiento institucional, el bienestar social, el desarrollo económico, la cooperación transfronteriza, el respeto de los derechos humanos y la consolidación de la participación ciudadana. En este orden de ideas, el presente artículo explica las principales características de este instrumento y reflexiona sobre su efectividad en términos del eje democrático europeo.

  14. Perspectivas y dimensiones de una gobernanza global: el futuro de la Unión Europea como actor internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Castillo Castañeda

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pretende analizar el papel global de la Unión Europea como actor internacional sobre la base de sus componentes de poder, las dimensiones de la gobernanza global y sus perspectivas como proyecto regional para lograr tener una lectura de su participación en el sistema internacional en el futuro. Dentro de estas perspectivas futuras se resaltará el papel que juega el poder blando de la Unión Europea como potencia normativa y civil dentro de una gobernanza global con nuevos actores, intereses y valores divergentes. Este trabajo parte de la hipótesis de que el cambio relacional de poder en la sociedad internacional está ocasionando dinámicas geopolíticas y geoeconómicas contrapuestas a los planteamientos de un multilateralismo eficaz. Se intentará responder o, al menos, brindar algunas luces a interrogantes tales como: ¿Podrá la UE preservar su relevancia como actor internacional en este mundo en cambio? ¿Mantendrá la relevancia en sus valores e intereses como proyecto regional? ¿La estrategia europea de incidencia internacional debe basarse simplemente en el ámbito del poder blando y el multilateralismo eficaz?

  15. Rancang Bangun dan Implementasi Web Based Learning untuk Meningkatkan Pencapaian Kompetensi Mahasiswa Bidang Aplikasi Komputer melalui E-Learning UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amat Jaedun

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 mengetahui efektivitas model pembelajaran web based learning dalam meningkatkan kompetensi mahasiswa pada mata kuliah komputer; (2 mengidentifikasi kendala-kendala yang terjadi dalam implementasi pembelajaran web based learning pada mata kuliah komputer tersebut; dan (3 mencari solusi terhadap kendala-kendala tersebut. Subyek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa peserta mata kuliah komputer di Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah: (1 lembar observasi; dan (2 lembar penilaian tugas. Validitas instrumen ditetapkan berkaitan dengan validitas logis, yang dilakukan melalui judgment dalam seminar. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif, analisis komparasi, dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 penerapan model pembelajaran Web based learning terbukti lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan pencapaian kompetensi mahasiswa pada bidang komputer dibanding model pembelajaran konvensional; (2 penerapan model pembelajaran web based learning dapat meningkatkan kualitas interaksi pembelajaran. Kendala dalam implementasi web based learning adalah: (1 Akses internet di UNY kecepatannya tidak stabil sehingga menghambat proses pembelajaran dengan menggunakan web. Upaya untuk mengatasinya adalah dengan pemasangan local host; (2 Penggunaan internet untuk media pengumpulan tugas mempunyai kelemahan, karena dosen tidak tahu secara pasti apakah tugas dikerjakan oleh mahasiswa yang bersangkutan ataukah dibuatkan oleh orang lain. Upaya untuk mengatasinya adalah dosen harus cermat dalam menilai hasil tugas-tugas mahasiswa, dan perlu dilakukan cross check secara langsung kepada mahasiswa yang bersangkutan; dan (3 Mahasiswa perlu mengeluarkan biaya ekstra untuk sewa internet guna mengakses e-learning UNY.

  16. Ampliación de la Unión Europea: estado de la cuestión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Landaburu, Eneko

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    La ampliación es el gran desafío de la Unión Europea para los próximos años, el asunto más importante que debe tratarse durante los mandatos de la Comisión Prodi y del actual Parlamento Europeo. ¿Por qué? Porque esta ampliación no se asemeja a ninguna otra ampliación anterior y ninguna volverá a tener el peso real y simbólico de ésta. Se trata de reunir Europa, de reconciliar la geografía con la historia y con la evolución política que la ha transformado en el último decenio, de extender la zona de paz y estabilidad política, de democracia, de respeto de los derechos humanos y de desarrollo económico que representa la Unión Europea.

  17. Surface Modification of Anisotropic Dielectric Elastomer Actuators with Uni- and Bi-axially Wrinkled Carbon Electrodes for Wettability Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Kiwoo; Kim, Donggyu; Ryu, Seunghwa; Oh, Il-Kwon

    2017-07-20

    Interest in soft actuators for next-generation electronic devices, such as wearable electronics, haptic feedback systems, rollable flexible displays, and soft robotics, is rapidly growing. However, for more practical applications in diverse electronic devices, soft actuators require multiple functionalities including anisotropic actuation in three-dimensional space, active tactile feedback, and controllable wettability. Herein, we report anisotropic dielectric elastomer actuators with uni- and bi-axially wrinkled carbon black electrodes that are formed through pre-streching and relaxation processes. The wrinkled dielectric elastomer actuator (WDEA) that shows directional actuation under electric fields is used to control the anisotropic wettability. The morphology changes of the electrode surfaces under various electric stimuli are investigated by measuring the contact angles of water droplets, and the results show that the controllable wettability has a broad range from 141° to 161° along the wrinkle direction. The present study successfully demonstrates that the WDEA under electrically controlled inputs can be used to modulate the uni- or bi-axially wrinkled electrode surfaces with continous roughness levels. The controllable wrinkled structures can play an important role in creating adaptable water repellency and tunable anisotropic wettability.

  18. La Unión General de Trabajadores en Cantabria (1888-1917 : nacimiento y desarrollo de una estructura societaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Santoveña Setién

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia la trayectoria histórica de la Unión General de Trabajadores en Cantabria entre agosto de 1888 (en que fue creada y finales de 1917 (cuando, debido a la huelga general revolucionaría de ese año, quedó desmantelada temporalmente. Para ello, el texto se divide en tres partes: mientras la inicial coincide con el establecimiento de las primeras sociedades de resistencia en Santander, la segunda se centra en la expansión obrerista producida desde 1898 tanto en esta ciudad como en otras localidades de la región citada; por último, el tercer apartado analiza la evolución de las colectividades proletarias a partir de 1905.This paper is the result of research into the historical evolution of the General Workers Union in Cantabria between August 1888 (in which it was founded and the end of 1917 (when, due to the revolutionary general strike of that year, the organization was temporarily prohibited. For this purpose, the paper is divided into three parís. The first deals with the creation of the earliest trade unión societies in Santander. The second is centred on the growth of the working-class movement from 1898 as in this city as in other localities in the same región. Lastly, the third examines the evolution of the proletarian societies since 1905.

  19. Pre-interventional prognostic value of renal endocrine, hemodynamic and arteriographic parameters in hypertensive patients with uni- and bilateral renal artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arlart, I.P.; Bargon, G.

    1982-02-01

    In order to improve pre-interventional prognosis of blood pressure normalization, in patients with angiographically proven uni- (n=75) and bilateral (n=38) renal artery stenosis, (RAS) evaluation of renal venous and peripheral renin activity including stimulative procedures and Saralasin-infusion-test was carried out. In addition selective renal arteriographic, hemodynamic and pharmacodynamic (133 xe-washout) investigations were performed. The data were correlated with operative results concerning response of blood pressure to surgical treatment in 54 patients with uni- and 30 patients with bilateral RAS. Our results suggest that a postoperative normalization of blood-pressure can only be expected if pre-interventional selective arteriograms reveal a normal vascular tree accompanied with normal cortical flow rates of both kidneys in uni- and bilateral RAS. Selective renin determinations, stimulative procedures of the renin-angiotensin system and application of angiotensin antagonists are only of value for selection of patients.

  20. La débil Europa: consideraciones críticas sobre la política exterior de la Unión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor C. Pascual Planchuelo

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la Política Exterior de la Unión Europea. Para ello se revisa la orientación general de todos los países miembros, sus agendas diplomáticas y posturas geoestratégicas. En un contexto global en el que la Unión Europea desempeña un rol de simple observador, sin posibilidad de ejercer un poder decisorio sobre los aspectos fundamentales de la política internacional, la única opción válida es la de reforzar la Política Exterior. La Unión Europea tiene la obligación de hablar ante el mundo con una sola voz, y no delegar los temas de defensa y seguridad al aliado de costumbre, los Estados Unidos.

  1. The value of an open, early academic development program to students’ transition and first year experience: The UTAS UniStart program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Adam

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The University of Tasmania’s (UTAS UniStart program is a pre- and early-semester academic transition support program available to all HECs-eligible incoming students. The aim of the program is to nurture critical thinking and independent study skills in commencing students. UniStart has been offered to commencing UTAS students for over 10 years, with a significant increase both in enrolments and in the flexibility of delivery over recent years. Evaluation of the program indicates that students feel more confident and prepared for their academic studies after undertaking the program and that the majority of students affirm, later in the year, that they have utilised and applied the skills developed in UniStart during their core studies. The program represents an important component of the university’s approach to supporting the first-year experience and student transition.

  2. El presente y futuro de la libertad de conciencia y de religión en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Ursula Ettmueller

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende desarrollar el estado actual de la libertad de conciencia y de religión en las instituciones jurídicas de la Unión Europea. Explora brevemente su evolución a lo largo de la historia de la Unión Europea, haciendo un repaso de la jurisprudencia, analizando el Convenio Europeo sobre Derechos Humanos y Libertades Fundamentales, reflexionando acerca de las tradiciones constitucionales de los Estados miembros, presentando los avances introducidos por el Tratado de Maastricht y el Tratado de Amsterdam e interpretando la Carta de Derechos y Libertades Fundamentales de la Unión Europea y el Tratado por el que se establece una Constitución para Europa. Las conclusiones recogen posibles perspectivas para el futuro.

  3. Immediate Impact of Uni-nephrectomy among Bangladeshi Healthy Live Kidney Donors: BIRDEM General Hospital Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Palash Mitra

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment option for end stage kidney disease. Live kidney donation is an established form of organ donation; but it carries the risk of an unnecessary surgery in a normal individual. These donors remain at an increased risk of multiple medical problems for the rest of their life. Objective: In this study, we evaluated the immediate impact of uninephrectomy among kidney donors during the period of post-transplant hospital stay. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done at BIRDEM General Hospital from January 2006 to June 2014. All kidney donors who had undergone graft nephrectomy during the study period were the study population. All the donors underwent Tc-99m diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Tc-99m DTPA renogram for measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR. GFR was also estimated by different equations in both pre-transplant and post-transplant periods. Pre-uninephrectomy GFR and post-uninephrectomy GFR of donors were compared. Results: Total number of subjects was 81, male 48 and female 33. Mean age was 36.3 ± 9.9 years. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 8.2 ± 2.0 days. The mean pre-operative measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFRDTPA was 99.54 ± 19.06 mL/min/1.73 m2 and mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFRCKD-EPI was 99.0 ± 18.55 mL/min/1.73 m2 (p=0.855. In post-nephrectomy period mean urine output decreased from 2708.1 ± 842.8 to 2228.4 ± 702.4 mL/day (p=0.000. Mean SBP lowered from 120.3 ± 12.5 to 115.6 ± 9.2 mm of Hg (p=0.000 after nephrectomy. There was significant increase in blood urea (from 19.7 ± 5.7 to 30.4 ± 9.5 mg/dL, p=0.000 and serum creatinine (from 0.90 ± 0.16 to 1.26 ± 0.24 mg/dL, p=0.000 in post-uninephrectomy period. Mean mGFRDTPA of the subjects of non-nephrectomized kidney of the donors was 49.18 ± 9.50 mL/min/1.73 m2 and mean eGFRCKD-EPI of same kidneys was 69.09 ± 16.79 mL/min/1.73m2 (p=0.000 after uni

  4. Fast UniFrac: facilitating high-throughput phylogenetic analyses of microbial communities including analysis of pyrosequencing and PhyloChip data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamady, Micah; Lozupone, Catherine; Knight, Rob

    2010-01-01

    Next-generation sequencing techniques, and PhyloChip, have made simultaneous phylogenetic analyses of hundreds of microbial communities possible. Insight into community structure has been limited by the inability to integrate and visualize such vast datasets. Fast UniFrac overcomes these issues, allowing integration of larger numbers of sequences and samples into a single analysis. Its new array-based implementation offers orders of magnitude improvements over the original version. New 3D visualization of principal coordinates analysis results, with the option to view multiple coordinate axes simultaneously, provides a powerful way to quickly identify patterns that relate vast numbers of microbial communities. We show the potential of Fast UniFrac using examples from three data types: Sanger-sequencing studies of diverse free-living and animal-associated bacterial assemblages and from the gut of obese humans as they diet, pyrosequencing data integrated from studies of the human hand and gut, and PhyloChip data from a study of citrus pathogens. We show that a Fast UniFrac analysis using a reference tree recaptures patterns that could not be detected without considering phylogenetic relationships and that Fast UniFrac, coupled with BLAST-based sequence assignment, can be used to quickly analyze pyrosequencing runs containing hundreds of thousands of sequences, showing patterns relating human and gut samples. Finally, we show that the application of Fast UniFrac to PhyloChip data could identify well-defined subcategories associated with infection. Together, these case studies point the way toward a broad range of applications and show some of the new features of Fast UniFrac.

  5. Criminalité organisée et corruption des institutions publiques au Royaume-Uni : conséquences sur les politiques et les pratiques

    OpenAIRE

    Xenakis, Sappho

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Au Royaume-Uni, les taux de poursuites judiciaires pour corruption tout comme les niveaux de corruption ressentis sont bas comparés au reste du monde. Un audit sur la nature et l'étendue de la corruption au Royaume-Uni, mené par l'organisation non gouvernementale Transparency International UK (TIUK) et publié en 2011, conclut, quoi qu'il en soit, que le problème de la corruption au sein du secteur public, et plus particulièrement les risques posés par la relation entre...

  6. Las cooperativas de vivienda en la Unión Europea. Contribución a la producción de vivienda social en Europa.

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Aparicio, Pilar; Miranda García, Marta

    2002-01-01

    A fin de luchar contra la exclusión social y la pobreza, La Unión Europea reconoce la legitimidad de las ayudas destinadas a facilitar el acceso a un alojamiento digno. Por diversas razones, las características de la producción y gestión del parque de viviendas han estado marcadas en los diferentes países de la Unión Europea por sus características nacionales, y de modo particular la denominada vivienda social. No existe una definición única de vivienda social en Europa. El presente trabajo p...

  7. Influencia de las características superficiales de un sustrato en la resistencia de una unión adhesiva

    OpenAIRE

    Narbon Prieto, Julian Jose; Arenas, Jose Manuel; Del Real Romero, Juan Carlos; Alia, Cristina; Ocaña Lopez, Rosa Concepcion

    2014-01-01

    Uno de los objetivos que se plantean cuando se realiza una unión adhesiva es que su resistencia sea lo más elevada posible para los esfuerzos a los que va a estar solicitada. Además de las propias características del adhesivo empleado, está la resistencia que se genera en la interfase. En trabajos anteriores se ha caracterizado la topografía de la superficie del sustrato. En este trabajo se han realizado ensayos de resistencia de la unión adhesiva sometida a ensayos de tracción pura, bu...

  8. Cifosis de unión proximal en curvas Lenke 5C. Comparación entre cirugía anterior y cirugía posterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gastón Eljure

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Re­su­men In­tro­duc­ción: El balance sagital es crítico para los resultados a largo plazo en el manejo quirúrgico de la escoliosis idiopática del adolescente. La cifosis de unión se podría definir como un hallazgo radiológico en la transición de la columna fusionada y la columna móvil en pacientes asintomáticos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar la cifosis de unión proximal posoperatoria en curvas Lenke 5C con dos técnicas quirúrgicas distintas: la instrumentación anterior y la instrumentación posterior. Materiales­ y ­Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, controlado no aleatorizado, de 37 pacientes con escoliosis idiopática del adolescente, curvas Lenke 5C con fusión corta, de vértebra límite a vértebra límite. Grupo 1: 18 pacientes con artrodesis anterior instrumentada y Grupo 2: 19 pacientes con artrodesis posterior instrumentada. Los parámetros sagitales radiológicos medidos fueron: 1 línea de plomada de C7, 2 cifosis de unión, 3 cifosis torácica, 4 lordosis lumbar, con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Resultados: Grupo 1: aumento de la cifosis de unión entre el preoperatorio y el seguimiento a los 2 años de 6,27° (p = 0,0002. La incidencia de cifosis de unión patológica fue del 17%. Grupo 2: aumento de la cifosis de unión entre el preoperatorio y el seguimiento de 4,63° (p = 0,0004. La incidencia de cifosis de unión patológica fue del 16%. Conclusión: No hubo diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos en la incidencia de cifosis de unión patológica.

  9. Securitização das mudanças climáticas: o papel da União Europeia Securitization of climate change: the role of European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Mendes Barbosa

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho busca analisar o "movimento de securitização" das mudanças climáticas no sistema internacional, a partir da ação da União Europeia como ator secutirizador. A partir das discussões de Buzan, Waever e Wilde, busca-se compreender o processo de construção de ameaças no campo ambiental. Tomam-se como ponto de partida as definições e critérios estabelecidos pela União Europeia como ator securitizador, ao enunciar as mudanças climáticas como uma ameaça existencial à segurança internacional na reunião do Conselho de Segurança ocorrida em 2007. São analisadas, também, as repercussões dos atos de fala securitizadores entre os Estados presentes, aqui entendidos como audiência. O principal método adotado para a realização deste trabalho foi a análise de discurso, tendo como fonte principal os documentos oficiais e pronunciamentos de autoridades governamentais, divulgados tanto pelo Conselho de Segurança como pela União Europeia.This work aims to analyse the "securitisation movement" of the climate change in the international system, taking the European Union as a securitising actor. From Buzan's, Waever's and Wilde's discussions, one shall understand the process of threat construction in the environmental field. The definitions and criteria established by the European Union as a securitising actor are taken as starting point, when climate changes were annouced as an existing threat to the international security at a Security Council's meeting held in 2007. The impacts of the securitising speech acts amongst the present states, here undertood as the audience, will also be taken into account. The main method chosen to guide this work was the speech analysis, having as the main source the official documents and government authorities statements disclosed both by the Security Council and the European Union.

  10. Finance et risque aux Etats-Unis : vers une nouvelle frontière ? Finance and Risk in the USA: A New Frontier?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Zumello

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Cet article aborde la question de l’évaluation et de l’anticipation du risque sur les marchés financiers aux États-Unis. Les différents types de risque sont analysés ainsi que les principales méthodes utilisées pour les évaluer. La crise des subprimes qui a marqué la fin du second mandat de G.W. Bush a semblé déboucher sur une crise systémique. Parmi les différentes strates de risque, le plus grave est celui qui porte le système financier et économique au naufrage. Les conditions de la remise en cause du système suite à des prises de risque ou une absence de contrôle rigoureux du risque posent la question de l’équilibre entre la sphère politique et la sphère financière.This article raises the question of the evaluation and anticipation of risk on financial markets in the United States. The various types of risk are analysed as well as the main methods used to measure risk. The subprime crisis which dominated the end of the second G.W. Bush presidential term seemed to bring the whole financial and economic system to the brink of collapse. The central notion of the measure and control of risk hinges on the role of the political sphere versus the financial sphere.

  11. Aproximación jurídica a las relaciones de la Unión Europea con las organizaciones internacionales con especial énfasis en las relaciones con Naciones Unidas

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    La Unión Europea en su política exterior desarrolla relaciones con otras organizaciones internacionales y en este ámbito tiene una posición innovadora, por ejemplo, la Unión, es decir, en aquel momento la Comunidad Económica Europea, fue la primera

  12. A electricidade na cidade de Évora : da Companhia eborense de Electricidade à União Electrica Portuguesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cardoso de Matos

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Between the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the production and distribution of electricity became a safer and more effective alternative for public and private illumination and for the supply of motive power. In this context, several entrepreneurial initiatives emerged which aimed at the production and distribution of electricity in different urban centres. In this text, one addresses the emergence and evolution of the Évora Electricity Company (Companhia Eborense de Electricidade, since its formation in the beginning of the 20th century until 1942, when the distribution of electricity to the city of Évora began to be secured by the Portuguese Electrical Union (União Eléctrica Portuguesa.

  13. Real-Time Control of Uni-Directional Liquid Spreading on a Half-Cone Nanoshell Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ai, Bin; Wang, Limin; Möhwald, Helmuth; Yu, Ye; Zhao, Zhiyuan; Zhou, Ziwei; Zhang, Gang; Lin, Quan

    2014-10-01

    Half-cone nanoshell arrays, fabricated by a simple and efficient colloidal lithography method, enable uni-directional liquid spreading on their hydrophilic asymmetric nanostructured surface. The preferred direction of the liquid flow is reversed when the surface is made hydrophobic. Accordingly, poly(N-isopropyl-acrylamide) is polymerized onto the surface for in-site controlling the transition of liquid spreading direction via its temperature dependent hydrophobicity. Furthermore, we also explain theoretically, that the spreading direction on hexagonal nanocone arrays is independent of the lattice orientation and only depends on the slanting direction. The insights gained from this work offer new opportunities for smart microfluidics, water harvesting and making use of other wetting conditions on demand.

  14. InGaAsP-based uni-travelling carrier photodiode structure grown by solid source molecular beam epitaxy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natrella, Michele; Rouvalis, Efthymios; Liu, Chin-Pang; Liu, Huiyun; Renaud, Cyril C; Seeds, Alwyn J

    2012-08-13

    We report the first InGaAsP-based uni-travelling carrier photodiode structure grown by Solid Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy; the material contains layers of InGaAsP as thick as 300 nm and a 120 nm thick InGaAs absorber. Large area vertically illuminated test devices have been fabricated and characterised; the devices exhibited 0.1 A/W responsivity at 1550 nm, 12.5 GHz -3 dB bandwidth and -5.8 dBm output power at 10 GHz for a photocurrent of 4.8 mA. The use of Solid Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy enables the major issue associated with the unintentional diffusion of zinc in Metal Organic Vapour Phase Epitaxy to be overcome and gives the benefit of the superior control provided by MBE growth techniques without the costs and the risks of handling toxic gases of Gas Source Molecular Beam Epitaxy.

  15. El nuevo enfoque de la política audiovisual de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Carmina Crusafón Baqués

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available La política audiovisual de la Unión Europea ha modificado entre 1994 y 1998 su enfoque principal en respuesta a la nueva situación coyuntural que vive el sector en el ámbito mundial Durante este periodo, sus actuaciones han mostrado una primacía económico-industrial (programa MEDIA y el Fondo Europeo de Garantía dejando en segundo plano la dimensión cultural; una mayor coordinación con los proyectos de la sociedad de la información (libro verde sobre la convergencia y el mantenimiento un cierto carácter proteccionista (directiva televisión sin fronteras y el énfasis en el déficit comercial con los Estados Unidos.

  16. La Seguridad Energética y la Estrategia Global de Seguridad de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Herrero

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo plantea una definición ampliada del concepto de seguridad energética, yendo más allá del concepto clásico establecido por la Agencia Internacional de la Energía, incorporando cuestiones relativas a la eficiencia energética, la aceptabilidad del modelo energético y los retos que impone el cambio climático, pero sin perder de perspectiva las exigencias y las dinámicas competitivas económicas globales. Sobre la base de este concepto ampliado, se examina la evolución de la seguridad energética en el marco de la Unión Europea, con una atención particular a cómo se concibe la seguridad energética en la Estrategia Global de Seguridad de 2016.

  17. Ionization of Air in a Ranque-Hilsch Vortex Tube and the Method of Obtaining Uni- and Bipolar Ionization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebedinskii, K. V.; Kurnosov, N. E.; Nikolotov, A. A.; Alekseev, D. P.

    2015-11-01

    Results of investigations on determining the principles of ionization in a Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube have been given. The existing principles of ionization and the possibilities for them to occur in a Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube have been considered. Conclusions based on an analysis of ionization methods have been drawn. With the aim of establishing processes occurring in the vortex tube, the authors have developed a procedure, have identified the goal and objectives of testing, have created a test bench, and have conducted experimental investigations on the physical prototype of a vortex tube. Testing results have been given in the form of plots. An analysis of the results has been made, and conclusions have been drawn. On the basis of the conducted investigations, the authors have proposed a novel method of ionization of air and control over the parameters of uni- and bipolar ionization. A diagram of the device developed for air ionization has been presented.

  18. A Responsabilidade Social Corporativa nas radiotelevisións públicas da Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Lombao, Tania

    2015-01-01

    O título desta tese de doutoramento é “A Responsabilidade Social Corporativa nas radiotelevisións públicas da Unión Europea”. Esta cabeceira engloba as dúas cuestións sobre as que gravita toda a investigación: os medios de comunicación públicos e o sistema de autorregulación no ámbito da xestión. A inferencia política, os procesos viciados na toma de decisións, a caída da credibilidade e a desidia no cumprimento da misión de servizo público abocou ao groso das corporacións de radiotelevis...

  19. Marketers as Innovators: how ethnic marketing revisits ethnicity Marketing ethnique et innovation aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Pauwels

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available L’innovation aux États-Unis est ici vue sous un angle social et culturel. Il ne s’agit plus d’étudier l’innovation technologique, mais l’innovation en matière de produit. L’article aborde la création de valeur à travers la variable ethnique dans le domaine de la vente, du marketing et de la publicité. Les nouvelles tendances en matière d’ethno-marketing sont analysées, en particulier la manière dont les professionnels utilisent la notion d’ethnicité pour vendre des produits de consommation courante à un marché de consommateurs de plus en plus exigeants, soit en ayant recours à une segmentation de ces consommateurs en micro-marchés toujours plus étroits, soit en privilégiant un marketing multi- ou trans-culturel.

  20. Micromechanical Time-Lapse X-ray CT Study of Fatigue Damage in Uni-Directional Fibre Composites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Kristine Munk; Lowe, Tristan; Withers, Philip J.

    2015-01-01

    This study considers fatigue damage evolution in a uni-directional (UD) glass fibre composite used for wind turbine blades which is manufactured from a non-crimp fabric. It is the initial part of a time-lapse study where the damage progression is followed in a sample during a fatigue test....... In the current study 3D X-ray Computed Tomography (XCT) is used to characterise the fatigue damage in the material at three different stages of the fatigue life of a tension-tension fatigue test. 3D XCT is performed on rectangular samples (4x4x110mm) cut out from pre-fatigued full-size fatigue test specimens...

  1. Conference: Probing the warped side of our Universe with gravitational waves and computer simulations | 16 September | Uni Dufour

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Probing the warped side of our Universe with gravitational waves and computer simulations, by Kip Thorne, recipient of the Tomalla Prize for Gravity 2016.   "Probing the warped side of our Universe with gravitational waves and computer simulations" Uni Dufour - Auditorium U300 Friday, 16 September at 6 p.m.   Kip Thorne. (Photo: ©Jon Rou) Abstract: A half century ago, John Wheeler challenged his students and colleagues to explore Geometrodynamics: the nonlinear dynamics of curved spacetime. How does the curvature of spacetime behave when roiled in a storm, like a storm at sea with crashing waves. We tried to explore this, and failed. Success eluded us until two new tools became available: computer simulations, and gravitational wave observations. Thorne will describe what these have begun to teach us, and he will offer a vision for the future of Geometrodynamics.

  2. Programación de apriete con herramienta eléctrica para unión atornillada

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo del presente proyecto es la descripción en detalle de la unión atornillada como método más empleado en la construcción de maquinaria y estructuras; de los elementos que típicamente forman parte de ellas; de la herramienta idónea para una correcta fijación; de los estudios de capacidad de herramientas de apriete y, sobre todo, de la programación de un nuevo puesto de apriete en la fábrica John Deere Ibérica S.A. Para lograr ese objetivo, previamente debe realizarse un estudio de un...

  3. A União Europeia num mundo em mudança: Era Trump 2.0?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Martins

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A presente análise visa compreender como a União Europeia se enquadra nesta nova realidade internacional, na sequência das eleições norte-americanas para Presidente, tendo revertido a escolha em Donald Trump, em detrimento da sua adversária Hillary Clinton. Importa, assim, compreender como a União Europeia se posicionará nas relações internacionais, readaptando a sua política externa, defesa e segurança, para além das consequências do Brexit, necessitando de reencontrar o seu caminho e o seu projeto em nome da construção europeia e de seus valores democráticos, identitários e culturais num mundo em mudança, com o surgimento de novos atores, desde os BRICS ao ciberespaço, desafiando todo o legado imanente da Paz de Vestefália. Estaremos perante uma nova era, uma nova ordem mundial ou apenas numa regressão entre novos e velhos tempos? | The European Union in a changing world. The Trump Era 2.0? The present analysis aims to understand how the European Union fits into this new international reality following the US presidential election, having reversed the election in Donald Trump, to the detriment of his adversary Hillary Clinton. It is therefore important to understand how the European Union will position itself in international relations, by adapting its foreign, defense and security policies, in addition to the consequences of Brexit, needing to rediscover its way and its project in the name of European construction and its democratic, identity and cultural values in a changing world, with the emergence of new actors from the BRICS to cyberspace, defying the entire immanent legacy of Westphalia Peace. Are we facing a new era, a new world order, or just a regression between old and new times?

  4. Tendencias en la Política de la Educación de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibáñez-Martín, José Antonio

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    El Tratado de la Unión Europea firmado en Maastricht en 1992 introdujo cambios revolucionarios en las competencias de la Comunidad, pues, por vez primera, se admite que la acción de la Comunidad implicará «una contribución a una enseñanza y a una formación de calidad, así como el desarrollo de las culturas de los Estados miembros». La evolución de esta nueva situación no ha sido satisfactoria por los problemas de fondo de la Unión Europea y por las dificultades que hoy entraña toda acción verdaderamente educativa. El artículo analiza los intentos que se realizaron a partir del 1992 para introducir una profunda dimensión europea de la educación, con las implicaciones axiológicas que ello comporta, y cómo estos intentos se encontraron ante diversos obstáculos poderosos que les han reducido a un estado de hibernación. A partir de fines del 1999 se consolida una nueva tendencia funcionalista en la política de la educación europea, que ha sido refinada en estos dos años, encontrándonos ahora, por mucho que sean limitados sus horizontes, ante unas pautas de trabajo que pienso serán beneficiosas para introducir mayores cotas de racionalidad en la política educativa de los Estados miembros.

  5. Initial performance evaluation of the UniCel® DxH 800 Coulter® cellular analysis system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedley, B D; Keeney, M; Chin-Yee, I; Brown, W

    2011-02-01

    The Beckman Coulter UniCel® DxH 800 is a hematology analyzer incorporating new electronic and mechanical design with advanced algorithm technology to perform CBC, white blood cell (WBC) differential, nucleated red blood cell (NRBC), and reticulocyte analysis. Evaluation of this instrument was performed in our 800-bed tertiary care hospital and specifically centered upon the correlation of WBC, NRBC, and platelet (PLT) enumeration when compared to a predicate analyzer, the Coulter® LH 780, and flow cytometry (FCM) reference methods. Of particular interest were those samples with morphologically confirmed interference and extreme leukocytosis (evaluated with respect to red blood cell parameter correction). The sample set (n=272) consisted of morphologically normal and hematologically abnormal patients. Correlation of the WBC, PLT, and NRBC showed r(2) values of 0.994, 0.985, and 0.910 for the DxH 800 vs. FCM, respectively. The presence of interfering particles did not affect the accuracy of the DxH 800 with respect to WBC counts. The DxH 800 showed accurate PLT and NRBC counts in the clinically significant low range when compared to FCM. Compared to the LH 780, flagging rates were significantly reduced (NRBC flag), or equivalent (WBC, PLT flag) on the DxH 800. The DxH 800 demonstrated higher sensitivity and specificity for PLTs and NRBCs and achieved a lower NRBC false negative rate compared to the LH 780. The UniCel® DxH 800 represents a significant improvement to previous impedance analyzers in accurately detecting the presence of NRBCs at counts >1/100 WBC. Furthermore, it provides accurate PLT and WBC counts in the presence of interference and improved NRBC flagging efficiency when compared to the LH 780. Correction of red blood cell parameters is appropriate and accurate in cases of extreme leukocytosis.

  6. La formación inicial del profesorado de secundaria en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Manso

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La creciente presencia de las medidas y propuestas desde la Unión Europea en materia de formación inicial del profesorado parece cada vez más evidente. Sin embargo, parece necesario identificar en qué grado existe una armonización entre los países en esta cuestión. Con ello, pretendemos identificar algunas tendencias que nos ayuden a reflexionar sobre las políticas educativas de la Unión Europea y de las concreciones de países concretos. Para la consecución de este objetivo general utilizaremos la metodología comparada. Los resultados y conclusiones del estudio muestran las tendencias que podrían ser susceptibles de integrarse en las políticas educativas nacionales con las necesarias adaptaciones en el pleno respeto a las propias características y tradiciones educativas de cada país.The measures and proposals of the European Union in the field of initial teacher education are increasingly evident. However, it is necessary to identify the stage of harmonization on this issue between countries. Thus, we aim to identify some trends to help us to reflect on the initial teacher training policies of the European Union and individual countries. To achieve this overall objective we will use the comparative method. The results and conclusions of the study show trends that could be susceptible to integrate into national education policies with the necessary adaptations that they respect the characteristics and educational traditions of each country.

  7. Internet-Based Public Health E-Learning Student Perceptions: An Evaluation from the People's Open Access Education Initiative (Peoples-uni)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awofeso, Niyi; Philip, Keir; Heller, Richard F.

    2012-01-01

    Current public health training infrastructure and facilitators in most developing nations are insufficient relative to public health service delivery needs. We examined five areas of student perceptions of a web-based public health learning initiative, the Peoples-uni, which focused on: reasons for enrolling, learning expectations; technical…

  8. Retargeting of T lymphocytes to PSCA- or PSMA positive prostate cancer cells using the novel modular chimeric antigen receptor platform technology “UniCAR”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Anja; Arndt, Claudia; Bergmann, Ralf; Loff, Simon; Cartellieri, Marc; Bachmann, Dominik; Aliperta, Roberta; Hetzenecker, Mirjam; Ludwig, Florian; Albert, Susann; Ziller-Walter, Pauline; Kegler, Alexandra; Koristka, Stefanie; Gärtner, Sebastian; Schmitz, Marc; Ehninger, Armin; Ehninger, Gerhard; Pietzsch, Jens; Steinbach, Jörg; Bachmann, Michael

    2017-01-01

    New treatment options especially of solid tumors including for metastasized prostate cancer (PCa) are urgently needed. Recent treatments of leukemias with chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) underline their impressive therapeutic potential. However CARs currently applied in the clinics cannot be repeatedly turned on and off potentially leading to severe life threatening side effects. To overcome these problems, we recently described a modular CAR technology termed UniCAR: UniCAR T cells are inert but can be turned on by application of one or multiple target modules (TMs). Here we present preclinical data summarizing the retargeting of UniCAR T cells to PCa cells using TMs directed to prostate stem cell- (PSCA) or/and prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA). In the presence of the respective TM(s), we see a highly efficient target-specific and target-dependent activation of UniCAR T cells, secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and PCa cell lysis both in vitro and experimental mice. PMID:28404896

  9. Ex-situ time-lapse x-ray CT study of 3D micro-structural fatigue damage evolution in uni-directional composites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Kristine Munk; Wang, Ying; Zangenberg Hansen, Jens

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the progress of damage under tension-tension fatigue of a uni-directional (UD) glass fibre composite made from a non-crimp fabric is studied using transilluminated white light imaging (TWLI) and X-ray computed tomography (CT). TWLI images are automatically captured throughout...

  10. Corrupción y desigualdad en la Unión Europea.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Antonio Trejo Fuentes.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The central focus on this study is trust in government, including the perception of corruption that different groups have regarding the relationships between the actions of European Union-member states and their distributive policies. Are states with more resources immune to corruption? Is there a relationship between income inequality and the level of corruption in a country? Are countries with strong welfare states or with social-democratic policies less corrupt? This article reviews these and other questions theoretically and through a quantitative, cross-sectional analysis based on data from a governance study by the World Bank. It shows the importance of taking corruption into account, as well as effective self-regulation by corporations, in the design of public policies.

  11. Coherencia de Políticas para el Desarrollo en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chicharro, A.

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The European policy of development cooperation falls within the framework of the principles and objectives of the external action of the Union, without shifting the responsibility of Member States in this area, but the Union and Member States cooperation policies for the development that complement and reinforce each other. Thus, the EU not only faces the challenge of Policy Coherence for Development in the horizontal plane, when their decisions concerning other jurisdictional areas that may affect partner countries, but also in the vertical plane, when it comes to coordinating their work with Member States and international organizations. Being solidarity one of the values on which the European Union is founded, the European regional framework becomes the most suitable level to increase the effectiveness of European aid, assuming responsibility for coordination and management of policy coherence.

  12. Consistency study of UniCAP100 and Allergy Screen allergen detection methods in clinical laboratory%UniCAP100和Allergy Screen两种过敏原检测方法的一致性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹浩; 王海燕; 杨晓莉; 王秀梅; 郝钦芳; 张丽萍; 彭柳婧; 陈建魁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the consistency of UniCAP100(CAP) and the Allergy Screen (AS) anaphylactogen detection methods. Methods A total of 111 hypersensitive patients were enrolled randomly, male 61, female 50, aged 4-77 years old, mean age 46 years old. Two methods above mentioned were used to detect the serum allergic specific igE in 111 hypersensitive patients, and analyzed statistically using SPSS 14.0 statistical package. Results The high consistency were observed between 2 methods for the detection of 12 specific IgE antibodies. The coincidence rates were 100 % in the measurement of house dust(Hl), short ragweed (W1), egg white, egg yolk(F245), cashews, peanuts, soybeans (FnutCH) and wheat (F4); For the detection of household dust mites(D1). Artemisia (W6), dander of cat or dog(El/E5), milk(F2), crab(F23), shrimp(F24) and mycobacterium sp(Mxl), the coincidence rates were 95 %, 97 %, 97 %, 99 %, 83 %, 83 % and 90 %, respectively. Conclusion It is demonstrated that because of the good correlations between the two methods, the physician and laboratory technician can choose one of the methods according to the actual clinical or economic situation.%目的 以UniCAP100过敏原检测方法(CAP)为“金标准”与Allergy Screen(敏筛)过敏原检测方法进行对比研究,为其临床应用提供试验依据.方法 随机抽取的111份过敏患者标本,其中男性61例,女性50例;年龄4~77岁,平均年龄46岁.应用瑞典Pharmacia UniCAP100过敏原检测系统、德国Allergy Screen(敏筛)过敏原检测系统同时检测特异性IgE抗体,并用SPSS 14.0统计软件包进行统计学分析.结果 两种检验方法对12种特异性过敏原IgE抗体检测结果有很高的符合率,其中屋尘、矮豚草、鸡蛋白、蛋黄、腰果、花生、黄豆、小麦符合率为100%,户尘螨95%,蒿97%,猫皮屑97%,狗皮屑97%,牛奶99%,蟹83%,虾83%,分枝孢90%,链格孢90%,二者一致性极好(K>0.75).结论 两种检测方法的结

  13. Non-destructive testing of biaxial stress state in ferromagnetic materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vengrinovich, V. L.; Vintov, D. A.; Dmitrovich, D. V.

    2014-02-01

    The technique for biaxial stress state quantitative non destructive testing using magnetic, namely Barkhausen Noise, measurements is developed and checked experimentally. The main elaboration concerns the application of uni-axial calibration data for bi-axial stress measurement in the material which treatment pre-history is not definitely known. The article is aimed to get over difficulties, accompanying factual nondestructive stress evaluation, implied from its tensor nature. The developed technique of stress calibration and measurement assumes the bi-axial stress components recovery from uni-axial magnetic and Barkhausen noise measurement results. The complete technology, based on new calibration procedure with grid diagrams is considered in the article.

  14. Fatores associados ao desperdício de recursos da saúde repassados pela união aos municípios auditados pela Controladoria Geral da União

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidiane Nazaré da Silva Dias

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo trata dos fatores associados aos desperdícios ativo (corrupção e passivo (ineficiência que ocorrem no processo de gestão pública, aqui focado nos gastos com saúde pública. Buscando chamar a atenção para a ocorrência do desperdício passivo, a pesquisa investigou a seguinte questão: quais fatores de desperdício ativo e passivo estão associados com as irregularidades na gestão dos recursos repassados pela União aos municípios brasileiros para a área de saúde no ano de 2010? As evidências empíricas foram obtidas nos relatórios de auditoria da Controladoria Geral da União (CGU elaborados no ano de 2010 referentes a 102 municípios fiscalizados. Para a identificação do desperdício ativo foram observadas 3 variáveis e para o desperdício passivo 17 variáveis. Os dados relativos às variáveis foram submetidos a uma análise fatorial para agrupá-los em fatores associados estatisticamente com as irregularidades na gestão dos recursos destinados à saúde pública dos municípios auditados. Os resultados da pesquisa não mostraram nível adequado de significância para o desperdício ativo, enquanto que, para o desperdício passivo, evidenciaram três fatores denominados: Fator 1 Inadequabilidade Administrativa (o qual agrupou as variáveis: não pagamento de tributos, não ocorrência de contrapartida e má administração; Fator 2 Fraca Fiscalização (o qual agrupou as variáveis: inexistência ou fraca atuação do conselho e licitação fracionamento; e Fator 3 Baixo nível de Compliance (o qual agrupou as variáveis: licitação irregular e irregularidade não relacionada ao Prefeito. A principal conclusão da pesquisa relaciona-se à identificação da necessidade da implantação de mecanismos de governança no setor público, os quais poderiam reduzir o desperdício ativo e passivo.

  15. Politická geografie Evropské unie: ekonomické souvislosti

    OpenAIRE

    Chaloupková, Kamila

    2010-01-01

    Bachelor thesis "Political geography of European union: economic connections" is an analysis of the European union space from political and geographical point of view. There are theories of political geography in the introduction and they just explain what political geography is. Detailed analysis of the state as of the geopolitical unit, of borders and of European union's political map development follows in the principal part. To finish, there is analysis of demographic and territorial fact...

  16. THE ELASTIC FIELD CASED BY TWO INCLUSIONS WITH UNI-FORM DILATATIONAL EIGENSTRAINS IN DISSIMILAR MEDIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞家欢; 匡震邦

    2001-01-01

    The displacement and the stress states cased by single inclusion are achieved from the fundamental solutions such as nuclei of strain in bimaterals. The elastic field induced by multiple inclusions in dissimilar media could be found from the superstition of that of individual precipitate. In this paper, the effect of the planner interface with parameters of depth from the interface, both pairs of elastic moduli and also shapes of the inclusion are also given, which are of great significance in physical applications.

  17. La unión bancaria europea: Un decálogo de aportaciones a la consolidación de la UEM y a la salida de la crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Podadera, Pablo

    2013-01-01

    La crisis actual tanto, en la Unión Europea como en la Zona Euro o Unión Económica y Monetaria (UEM), se debe a una gran multitud de causas, cada una de las cuales ha ido provocando sus propios síntomas. Uno de los principales motivos de la crisis ha sido el fracaso de los mercados financieros, por lo que la estabilidad financiera en la UEM requiere de un marco global que implica avanzar hacia una unión bancaria. La presente contribución pretende aportar un decálogo de aportaciones de la pue...

  18. Potencial ganadero de Colombia para exportar cortes finos de carne de bovino a la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael López-Cepeda

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Factores globales como el crecimiento sostenidon poblacional, el aumento de la demanda mundial de alimentos –particularmente de carne de res– y las restricciones productivas, por la estacionalidad climática, en algunos países del cono sur, como Argentina, Uruguay y Paraguay, hacen prever el aumento de la oferta cárnica bovina de Colombia; sin embargo, esto no es suficiente para que Colombia sea aceptado por la Unión Europea (UE como proveedor internacional de carnes especializadas y de alto valor agregado. En la actualidad, es necesario adoptar medidas que busquen mejorar la competitividad, incrementar los estándares de consumo del mercado interno, promover sistemas productivos alternativos (silvopastoriles, mejorar y mantener el estatus sanitario, garantizar la calidad y consistencia de la oferta de ganados, aplicar prácticas que garanticen el bienestar animal, implementar adecuadamente la trazabilidad, y garantizar la inocuidad, para que finalmente el país obtenga la distinción internacional de productor de carnes limpias, biológicas, orgánicas y de alto valor agregado, mejorando así la rentabilidad del negocio cárnico nacional en cada uno de sus eslabones. Para lograr lo anterior, se busca entender, apropiar y aplicar alternativas comerciales para exportar carne de res a la UE, como la Cuota Hilton, un cupo de aproximadamente 60.250 toneladas de cortes finos de carne de res, con sus respectivas especificaciones, destinado a aquellos países con condiciones productivas y de transformación cárnica como Colombia. La investigación que aquí se presenta buscó diagnosticar la implementación de un modelo comercial para la exportación de cortes finos de carne bovina a la Unión Europea.

  19. Desempenho de sistemas consorciados de cenoura e alface avaliados através de métodos uni e multivariados Biological performance of carrot and lettuce intercropping systems as assessed through uni- and multivariate methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Bezerra Neto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available A análise de dados provenientes de experimentos de consorciação geralmente é mais complexa do que as advindas de experimentos em cultivo solteiro. Nesta situação, vários tipos de análises são recomendados, como análise univariada de variância do rendimento das culturas componentes separadamente; dos rendimentos combinados dos sistemas consorciados; da eficiência produtiva por modelos de análise de envoltória de dados (DEA ou de métodos de análise multivariada dos rendimentos das culturas associadas. Neste trabalho, o objetivo foi avaliar o desempenho biológico de sistemas consorciados de cenoura e alface crespa através de métodos uni e multivariados. Dois experimentos (um consorciado e outro solteiro foram conduzidos em blocos casualizados completos, com quatro repetições. O experimento consorciado foi conduzido em esquema fatorial 2 x 4 + 2, com os tratamentos provenientes da combinação de duas cultivares de cenoura (Alvorada e Brasília com quatro cultivares de alface crespas (Lucy Brown, Tainá, Laurel e Verônica e as duas cvs. de cenoura sem consorciação. Os tratamentos do experimento solteiro consistiram das quatros cvs. de alface testadas. As características avaliadas na alface e cenoura foram massa fresca da parte aérea e rendimento de raízes comerciais, respectivamente. Análises uni e multivariadas de variância foram realizadas nas características avaliadas tanto na alface como na cenoura em função dos fatores tratamentos testados. O método multivariado mostrou-se bastante informativo, em função da maior capacidade discriminante, além da descrição da superioridade relativa dos tratamentos por meio da técnica das variáveis canônicas. Os índices combinados de medida de eficiência dos sistemas consorciados tiveram comportamento similar na discriminação dos melhores sistemas de cultivo consorciados quando avaliados pelo método univariado. Na avaliação de todos os sistemas consorciados

  20. Avaliação Pós-Ocupação do conjunto habitacional Moradias União Ferroviária Bolsão Audi/União, Curitiba (PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Francisco Schäfer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em uma Avaliação Pós-Ocupação (APO do conjunto habitacional Moradias União Ferroviária, participante do Sistema Nacional de Habitação de Interesse Social (SNHIS, que promove habitações com qualidade para a população de baixa renda por meio da retirada das famílias de áreas de risco e de insalubridade, fornecendo a elas acesso a todos os equipamentos urbanos necessários. De acordo com a metodologia APO, foram analisados os serviços de esgotamento sanitário, abastecimento de água, drenagem pluvial e coleta de resíduos e a situação de risco quanto a inundações. Assim, por intermédio de avaliações técnicas e comportamentais, buscou-se reconhecer os pontos positivos e negativos do ambiente construído.

  1. ¿Qué significan los Laboratorios de Paz para la Unión Europea?.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorly Castañeda.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Peace Workshops are programs for development cooperation undertaken by the European Union in Colombian conflict zones. Analyzed from the Foreign Relations perspective, the workshops are a tool of the nascent common European foreign policy. The cooperation initiatives in Colombia, a country in the American sphere of influence, are inscribed in a profile-defining process of the EU as an international actor. The article presents the Peace Workshops in Colombia to then explain what type of donor the EU tends to be, and the building process of its cooperation policy. The conclusion is reached that the Workshops are a European peacebuilding proposal that allows it to differentiate itself from the United States, as well as create for itself a place on the international stage as an actor for peace. However, the European proposal shines a light on the difficulties of establishing an international presence. Indeed, the Member States and the common institutions react in different ways to the changes that occur in the international context, transatlantic relations and the policies of the Colombian government.

  2. Estados expulsores y semipersonas en la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Silveira

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The adoption in June 2008 by the European Parliament of the Directive on Return consolidates the process of involution that human rights have been suffering in the EU since the fear of illegal immigration has developed deep roots in its institutions. While the laws of the eighties regarding foreigners already contained rules governing detention and expulsion, it is not until Directive 2001/40/EC that the communitarian policy focused on illegal immigration and the expulsion of migrants begins to take shape. The return measures are, as the European Commission said, “a cornerstone of immigration policy in the EU”. Since then, the barbarism of the internment and detention centres, the erosion of rights, the exclusion and criminalization of foreign migrants, have become the battle flag of the associations defending human rights. The erosion that these laws and expulsion measures are causing to the rights and freedoms and to the Constitutional State and its institutions is immense. The decline and erosion in the rights and freedoms is so great that one can no longer talk about Constitutional States in the EU, but rather about administrative machineries for the internment and deportation, and in this way, about “expelling States”(1, where foreign people are treated as “semi-persons” (2 and even as “non-persons”(3.

  3. El elemento foráneo y la imagen del extranjero comunista durante el primer peronismo. El caso de la Unión Eslava Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serrano Benítez, Ana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El estudio de la Unión Eslava Argentina, y específicamente el III Congreso Eslavo que se intentó realizar en el país en el año 1949, como símbolo de la lucha antifascista internacional y de la metamorfosis ideológica que transitaron muchos de sus miembros en esta experiencia de exilo; nos permitieron ver la participación activa que tuvo el Estado en esta política represiva sobre los inmigrantes comunistas, a través de la aplicación de la Ley de Residencia (Nº 4144, con el fin de desarticular la lucha de clases y expulsar la disidencia. La imagen del “extranjero comunista indeseable” fue un elemento central para justificar la utilización de la Ley de Residencia y hacer efectiva la detención y expulsión de los extranjeros que desarrollaban “actividades subversivas” y atentaban contra la seguridad nacional; donde la policía, el PEN, los sectores conservadores, el ejército y la Iglesia fueron la columna vertebral de este accionar. Abstract The Slavic Union Argentina, and specifically the third Slav Congress, which was attempted in the country in 1949 as a symbol of international anti-fascist struggle, and the ideological metamorphosis that some members of this organization had transited in their experience of exile, allowed us to look at the active participation that the State had in this repressive policy on communists immigrants, through the application of the Residence Act (No. 4144, in order to disarticulate the class struggle and eject dissent. The image that were formed in this period about the "undesirable foreigner communist" was central to justify the use of the Residence Act and enforce the arrest and expulsion of foreigners which developed "subversive activities" and threatened the national security, where the police, the government, conservative groups, the army and the Church were the backbone of this action.

  4. L’enfant pauvre et la naissance de la photographie sociale aux États-Unis au XIXe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne LESME

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available À la fin du XIXe siècle, le journaliste et photographe Jacob Riis révèle les conditions de vie déplorables des familles d’immigrants à New York. C’est le début de la photographie sociale aux États-Unis où la représentation de l’enfant pauvre tiendra une place majeure. Ses photographies, projetées au cours de conférences faites par l’auteur et reproduites dans des publications, contribueront à un changement de mentalité. Si le regard de ce photographe reste celui d’un membre de la classe moyenne sur les enfants du Lower East Side, ses images apportent une nouvelle vision de la pauvreté, en phase avec un enfant désormais perçu comme innocent par la société. Par ailleurs, cet usage particulier du rôle probant de la photographie en soutien du texte inaugure un nouveau mode de communication dont les réformateurs useront afin d’émouvoir et de faire réagir le public des classes moyennes et aisées.At the end of the 19th century, Jacob Riis, journalist and photographer, brought to light the appalling conditions of the slums in New York; it was the beginning of the social documentary photography in the United States. The representation of destitute children was to become central in this genre. His photographs, used during stereopticon slides projections and published in books and articles, contributed to a change of mentality. However influenced by a middle-class vision of the Lower East Side’s children, Jacob Riis’s photographs contributed to bring a new perception of poverty in line with a child who was from that time perceived as innocent by a large part of society. This particular use of photography as a convincing and reliable medium added to the text initiated a new means of communication used by the reformers to move and provoke reactions from a middle and upper-class public.

  5. El modelo de seguridad alimentaria de la Unión Europea y su dimensión exterior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Guinea

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La Unión Europea, tercer grupo humano del planeta, es el primer importador mundial y segundo exportador de productos alimenticios. Es un actor global en materia de seguridad alimentaria, cuyas decisiones afectan sustancialmente al comercio mundial de alimentos y, por tanto, a las políticas alimentarias del resto de los Estados, especialmente, de aquellos que necesitan del comercio para asegurar una oferta suficiente de alimentos para su población. En este trabajo nos proponemos examinar el modelo de seguridad alimentaria de la UE, regulado a través de la PAC, y la dimensión exterior de este modelo, esto es, las relaciones comerciales sobre productos agrícolas que la UE mantiene con sus socios así como la cooperación para el desarrollo. Esto es relevante para los países del Magreb, ya que la UE determina con sus políticas internas tanto la disponibilidad de alimentos como los precios de los mercados internacionales. Tiene que ser un referente para el resto de los países de su entorno y, especialmente, con aquellos con los que tiene relaciones comerciales específicas en materia de comercio de alimentos.

  6. Unión de soportes metálicos a superficies de hormigón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Cánovas, M.

    1972-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article are described the tests done in the Eduardo Torroja institute to find suitable adhesives to be used in the joining of metal supports to concrete surfaces of precast members. In these tests different types of adhesives were used on different surface finishes, proving that the adhesives which work best are the epoxy type, and the most suitable finish, concrete from which the weak layer of cement laitance has been removed.En este artículo se describen los ensayos realizados en el Instituto Eduardo Torreja para encontrar adhesivos adecuados con vistas a su utilización en la unión de soportes metálicos a superficies de hormigón de elementos prefabricados. En estos ensayos se han empleado distintos tipos de adhesivos aplicados sobre distintas terminaciones superficiales, comprobándose que los adhesivos que mejor se han comportado son los de tipo epoxi, y que la terminación más adecuada ha sido la del hormigón tratado para eliminar la capa débil de lechada de cemento superficial.

  7. Die rol van die Saamwerk-Unie in die beslaggewing van Afrikaanse taaleksamens in Natal, 1917-1928

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J.J. Prinsloo

    1995-05-01

    Full Text Available The role of the Co-operative Union in establishing Afrikaans language examinations in Natal, 1917-1928This article deals with the role of Afrikaner Nationalists who had striven to develop the selfassertiveness of their compatriots by means of promoting Afrikaans. Their attempt was aimed at obtaining an equal position to the deeply-rooted British tradition in Natal. The Co-operative Union (“Saamwerk-Unie" consequently had taken up position in the midst of the language problems. The Union made a deliberate attempt at promoting the development of Afrikaans by means of establishing the first language examinations in Afrikaans. This examination system evoked greater interest with every passing year and resulted in a clash between the Co-operative Union and the South African Language Union. The Language Union, with its Dutch language examinations, was the embodiment of the Dutch influence, while the Co-operative Union promoted Afrikaans at grass roots level. A compromise between the two organisations thus had to be made. A joint Examination Commission was therefore established in 1928. Consequently, the new cultural pattern which had been launched by the Co-operative Union was acknowledged in the ranks of the Afrikaner.

  8. Robust assignment of cancer subtypes from expression data using a uni-variate gene expression average as classifier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryden Tobias

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Genome wide gene expression data is a rich source for the identification of gene signatures suitable for clinical purposes and a number of statistical algorithms have been described for both identification and evaluation of such signatures. Some employed algorithms are fairly complex and hence sensitive to over-fitting whereas others are more simple and straight forward. Here we present a new type of simple algorithm based on ROC analysis and the use of metagenes that we believe will be a good complement to existing algorithms. Results The basis for the proposed approach is the use of metagenes, instead of collections of individual genes, and a feature selection using AUC values obtained by ROC analysis. Each gene in a data set is assigned an AUC value relative to the tumor class under investigation and the genes are ranked according to these values. Metagenes are then formed by calculating the mean expression level for an increasing number of ranked genes, and the metagene expression value that optimally discriminates tumor classes in the training set is used for classification of new samples. The performance of the metagene is then evaluated using LOOCV and balanced accuracies. Conclusions We show that the simple uni-variate gene expression average algorithm performs as well as several alternative algorithms such as discriminant analysis and the more complex approaches such as SVM and neural networks. The R package rocc is freely available at http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/rocc/index.html.

  9. Kesesuaian Materi Kegiatan Industri Mitra dengan Kompetensi Keahlian pada Program Praktik Industri Mahasiswa Jurdiknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putut Hargiyarto

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap: (1 berbagai keahlian yang dipelajari mahasiswa peserta program praktik industri (PI dalam proses kegiatan produksi atau jasa di industri mitra; (2 peta keahlian yang dapat dipelajari oleh mahasiswa peserta program praktik industri; dan (3 kesesuaian proses kegiatan produksi atau jasa dengan kompetensi keahlian khusus teknik mesin/pendidikan teknik mesin pada Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Mesin FT UNY. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey dan dokumentasi, data dikumpulkan melalui observasi di industri mitra dan dokumentasi laporan PI tahun 2008 dan 2009, wawancara dan kunjungan ke industri untuk mengungkap: industri mitra; kegiatan keahlian produksi; serta kesesuaian kegiatan produksi dengan kegiatan keahlian mahasiswa. Keabsahan data diperoleh melalui pencermatan mendalam terhadap dokumen PI, dan wawancara mendalam dengan nara sumber industri. Analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1 kegiatan keahlian yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa dalam progam praktik industri meliputi 24 kegiatan dari 30 kegiatan, (2 frekuensi kegiatan yang dilakukan mahasiswa meliputi: 24,2 % pada keahlian bahan, 23,4 pada kegiatan perawatan dan pemeliharaan, 8,76 % pada kegiatan pengepasan dan perakitan, 5,3% kegiatan pengecatan, 4,15% kegiatan pemeriksaan kualitas produksi, 3,69 kegiatan kerja dengan mesin bor, 3,2% kegiatan pengerindaan serta las smaw, tig dan mig. Sedangkan 16 kegiatan lainnya kurang dari 3%, (3 Lebih dari 50% kegiatan keahlian di industri mitra tidak sesuai dengan kegiatan keahlian menurut buku pedoman PI.

  10. Culturas morais e políticas de desenvolvimento na noruega e na união europeia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Macedo Barroso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de um diálogo entre os casos da Noruega e da União Europeia, pretendemos analisar a combinação de diferentes fatores e escalas de processos sociais (individuais, institucionais e de unidades políticas nacionais e supranacionais, estruturantes na formação dos sentidos sociais do desenvolvimento, notadamente das relações entre princípios morais e trocas interessadas, constitutivas das "culturas morais" dos universos analisados. Na perspectiva dos indivíduos, observaremos pela lente do caso da UE as motivações, vocações e histórias de vida dos "profissionais do desenvolvimento", bem como as razões da adesão da opinião pública às ações de cooperação internacional. Na escala institucional, abordaremos, nos dois casos, os modelos político-administrativos utilizados pela burocracia do desenvolvimento, e as lógicas dos diferentes grupos organizados para disputar seus recursos, no caso da Noruega. Na dimensão dos Estados, analisaremos a lógica das políticas nacionais e internacionais sob as quais são negociadas as intervenções de cooperação bilateral e/ou multilaterais tanto na Noruega quanto na UE.

  11. From the archaeological record to archaeobim: the case study of the Etruscan temple of Uni in Marzabotto

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    Simone Garagnani

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The digital reconstruction of the recently discovered Tuscanic temple of Uni in Marzabotto gave the chance to test the application of the Building Information Modeling (BIM process to the combined fields of Archaeology and Engineering. In addition to the traditional historic and archaeological analysis, a new methodology in Experimental Archaeology is proposed; it proved to be original and innovative in the examination of the buried building, taking advantage of technologies focused on the architectural reliability validated by inferred digital models. The peculiar aspect of the research involves the elements at the beginning of the process, which consist of foundations or negative archaeological evidences only, supported by the clues and the rules that can be found in the historic and scientific literature. To better define this distinctive working process, the expression ArchaeoBIM was proposed, which highlights the common BIM matrix used for the data management through one or more analytical models, applied to the peculiar aspects of the Archaeological discipline.

  12. Producción de arrabio en los países de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García, L.

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The incessant increase of the competitivity of the metallurgical industry implies the necessity of the optimization of the resources and raw materials used. This affects in the same way the ironmaking in blast furnace and its principal fuel, metallurgical coke. It is from here the importance of the development of the techniques which facilitate improvements in the operation parameters in the blast furnace. This article is dedicated to the latest developments applicated on blast furnace process in the countries of European Community.

    El aumento continuo de la competitividad en la industria siderúrgica hace necesaria la optimización de los recursos y materias primas empleados. Este hecho afecta de igual forma a la fabricación de arrabio en horno alto y a su principal combustible, el coque metalúrgico. De ahí la gran importancia que adquiere el desarrollo de técnicas que faciliten mejoras en los índices de operación del horno alto. En este trabajo se analizan los últimos desarrollos aplicados al proceso del horno alto en los países de la Unión Europea.

  13. As negociações comerciais entre Mercosul e União Européia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Savini

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura demonstrar que a recente apresentação, por parte da Comissão Européia, de uma proposta de redução tarifária para as exportações do Mercosul não deve ser interpretada como um sinal de que as negociações comerciais entre os dois blocos serão mais fáceis do que a criação da Área de Livre Comércio das Américas - uma vez que parecem poucas as probabilidades de que a União Européia venha a realizar uma profunda reforma de sua política agrícola comum (PAC nos próximos anos.The article seeks to show that the proposal recently presented by the European Comission, promissing the decreasing of trade barriers for Mercosur's agriculture exports to European markets, should not be incautiously interpreted as a sign that a trade agreement between them will be easier to achieve than the creation of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA. It still remains uncertain that the European Union will accomplish a deep reform of its common agricultural police (CAP.

  14. Trabajo esclavo y organización: el caso de la Unión de Trabajadores Costureros en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Barattini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La Unión de Trabajadores Costureros es producto de una experiencia organizativa que se desarrolló en torno a la forma más cruda de explotación: el trabajo esclavo. Esta organización iene su centro de acción en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina, y su gestación comenzó tras la crisis de 2001. Proponemos aquí explorar el devenir de la experiencia, presentar su historia en relación con otros actores que han participado en la problemática, como los talleres clandestinos, las empresas de indumentaria, el Estado y los sindicatos. Analizamos la particularidad de la industria textil y su relación con el trabajo esclavo en el marco de los procesos migratorios. Tendremos en cuenta la configuración de redes de resistencia global, el sujeto y la cuestión sindical.

  15. Paz y seguridad humana en África: una visión desde la Unión Africana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerónimo Delgado

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analizan las diferentes iniciativas que ha tenido el continente africano en materia de solución de conflictos y consolidación de la paz desde la perspectiva de la seguridad humana. En la primera parte, se identifican los componentes de la seguridad humana y los factores de inseguridad a los que se exponen los individuos en África, para luego examinar los avances del marco legal de la Unión Africana en la prevención de conflictos con énfasis en la seguridad de los individuos.La segunda parte contiene un estudio de las medidas enmarcadas dentro de la seguridad humana con las que cuentan los estados africanos y la comunidad internacional para la adecuada protección de los individuos, mientras se da un acercamiento entre las partes del conflicto para alcanzar el fin de las hostilidades. Finalmente, se afirma que África reconoce que la seguridad de sus ciudadanos es viable si se entienda que ésta es una responsabilidad compartida por todo el continente, en donde el individuo juega un papel central.

  16. Ambiciones, contradicciones y perspectivas de la política comercial de la unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainhoa Marín Egoscozábal

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Como pilar fundamental de la política comercial comunitaria, la Unión Europea (UE está realizando un enorme esfuerzo institucional y negociador para el establecimiento de acuerdos comerciales con terceros países. Estos Acuerdos, forman parte de una estrategia más amplia en la búsqueda de mayor competitividad de Europa, mediante el acceso a nuevos mercados para el comercio y la inversión. Como objetivos fundamentales de los Acuerdos, negociados de forma creciente con agrupaciones regionales (MERCOSUR, Comunidad Andina, CARIFORUM, ASEAN, SADC en África, entre otros se incluyen, además, los de la lucha contra la pobreza, el logro de la cohesión social, o el fomento de la integración regional y la democracia. Algunos de estos objetivos, cimentados en valores que trascienden de la esfera estrictamente económica, son la base del nuevo modelo de relaciones comerciales exteriores de la UE, que se contrapone en la retórica europea, a otras formas de relación por otros actores internacionales, como Estados Unidos o China.

  17. Casos para Ensino: Qualidade e Estratégia no Ensino Superior: O Caso da UniItalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luís de Castro Moura Duarte

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This teaching case presents the dilemma of many higher education institutions present in Brazil face in an attempt to create a competitive advantage. In the case of UniItalo, despite its growth, the institution faced major challenges. In addition to increasing sector competitiveness and the presence of large players, there was a suspicion that accelerated growth could be harming the quality of students and learning. The progress of the case highlights the institution’s efforts in searching for indicators to analyze education quality in its various aspects, not only regarding student satisfaction, but also with respect to the level of student learning. However, many questions still hang in the air and there are still many challenges where the academic area must answer questions from institutional leadership. The case explores discussions related to Strategic Management of an Educational Institution (competitive positioning, search for differentials, analysis of the five forces and SWOT [strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats], Educational Management of a Higher Education Institution (how to evaluate and achieve higher quality, assess satisfaction versus learning, choice of theoretical approach regarding evaluation and Quality Management Services (concepts of service quality, perceived quality, assess when and where - before, during or after the production process.

  18. Comercio electrónico. Una revisión desde la Unión internacional de Telecomunicaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys S. Rodríguez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace ya un tiempo se han creado organismos públicos destinados a superoisar los acuerdos sobre cuestiones técnicas y a garantizar la interconexión y la interoperabilidad de las redes, de las normas y de lasfrecuencias nacionales; un ejemplo es la Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones (UIT. Por ello, se describe al mercado electrónico, la relación sociedad de la información y desarrollo, se expone el papel de la UIT -ONU frente al comercio electrónico, se indica la naturaleza y los sectores que comprende, as( como sus perspectivas para desarrollar el comercio electrónico principalmente en los pa(ses subdesarrollados. La metodolog(a es descriptiva - explicativa con base en material bibliográfico y hemerográfico, as( como documentos oficiales. Se concluye que el trabajo de la UIT-ONU, en materia de comercio electrónico en pa(ses subdesarrollados, ha sido asertivo, mas son sólo recomendaciones y declaraciones sin ningún tipo de obligatoriedad

  19. Optimization of an acoustic rectifier for uni-directional wave propagation in periodic mass-spring lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chu; Parker, Robert G.; Yellen, Benjamin B.

    2013-09-01

    We perform optimization studies on the construction of acoustic rectifiers, which allow uni-directional propagation of acoustic waves, from a periodic array of masses and springs arranged in one- and two- dimensions. An acoustic rectifier is achieved by pairing a nonlinear material, which can up-convert an input excitation frequency to a higher harmonic, with a bandgap material whose dispersion relation has a bandgap region for the input frequency range but a bandpass region at the higher harmonic. First, we analyze the mass and stiffness parameters that lead to acoustic rectification in infinite mass-spring arrays with the largest possible range of working frequencies. A combination of analytical techniques, numerical simulations, and particle swarm optimization is used to identify the optimal acoustic rectifier. Next, we study the practical working range of acoustic rectifiers of finite size and examine how the rectification properties change as a function of the lattice size and damping. Finally, we perform numerical simulations of an acoustic rectification device in which a Duffing oscillator is attached to the end of a tri-atomic mass-spring chain.

  20. The Effects of P, I and D Parameters in Automatic Liquid Level Control Using UniTrain Module

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfatirta Mufti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The research discusses some experiments to control the level of liquid inside a tank by using PID controllers which can be divided into four categories. The experiments describe the effect of P, I, and D element. It also discusses the best possible controller, which is a PI controller, for the liquid level tank system. The liquid level controlling is done by adjusting the voltage pump which will further regulate the flow rate of the fluid entering the inlet valve. The liquid that flows through the outlet valve is considered as the disturbance variable to the system. The liquid tank sensor needs to be calibrated prior to the experiments. Calibration can be done manually by using a digital multimeter or by using the computer sofware that is connected directly to the plant system. Set point and PID parameters are determined by the UniTrain and the computer interface. In these experiments, PI controller has the best result with a medium proportional gain (KP = 5 and a small integral gain (TN = 0.2.

  1. La Innovación en los archivos de España y la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giménez Chornet, Vicent

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el significado de la innovación en los archivos, tanto como un modelo a implementar como el resultado de unas actividades que implementan nuevos servicios o productos. Se proponen categorías de innovación en los archivos y se analizan esas categorías cómo se han implementado en diferentes archivos de la Unión Europea. Se concluye que la implantación de productos y servicios innovadores en los archivos europeos ha sido posible gracias a la incorporación de las recientes funcionalidades en las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, a las buenas prácticas en la gestión de los archivos, especialmente en la descripción normalizada, en la indización y en la aplicación de estándares para la interoperabilidad, y finalmente, a la incorporación de las funcionalidades de la Web 2.0, que permiten la comunicación de los usuarios con los Archivos.

  2. UniEdge: A first year transition program and its continued evolution through a reflective approach. A Practice Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Lefroy

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Phillipa Sturgess 14.00 800x600 The shift in Australian higher education policy to widen participation and ensure equity across all student cohorts has led to the need for specific, structured transition programs. The First Year Advisor Network at Murdoch University in Perth, Australia has designed and implemented a transition program for commencing students called UniEdge. The aims of the program are: (1 to help foster a sense of community for first year students; (2 to  make new students aware of the support services available; and (3 to improve the confidence and preparedness of new students. The program has received high praise from students, but rates of attendance have been problematic. By reflecting on student and staff feedback, the program has been adapted over multiple semesters, resulting in increased student attendance and therefore a greater impact on the first year experience at Murdoch University. Normal 0 false false false EN-AU X-NONE X-NONE

  3. ¿A quién beneficia el comercio paralelo de medicamentos en la Unión Europea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Costa-Font

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El comercio paralelo constituye un movimiento legal (arbitraje comercial de productos de un país donde éstos se han puesto en circulación a otro país sin la autorización y la garantía del que posee los derechos de propiedad intelectual del producto. Este fenómeno se deriva de la aplicación del principio de subsidiariedad que lleva asociado la existencia de diferentes sistemas de regulación de precios y el de libre movilidad de bienes. En este artículo examinamos las tendencias de precios y penetración de medicamentos paralelamente importados respecto al precio del producto en el país de destino (beneficios de una mayor competencia en 2002. En segundo lugar, establecemos una descomposición empírica de los efectos del comercio paralelo de medicamentos en los tres mercados principales de la Unión Europea en los diferentes agentes de la cadena del medicamento. Los resultados no siguieren pruebas de un efecto competitivo del comercio paralelo. Por otra parte, se observa que los principales beneficiarios son los propios importadores paralelos en la medida que el comercio paralelo genera ahorros muy limitados en la factura de los sistemas de salud, que difícilmente superan los perjuicios en la innovación farmacéutica.

  4. La solidaridad: un puente que unió a México y la Rusia soviética

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Monteón González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El 25 de mayo de 1923, el general Álvaro Obregón, presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, recibió una carta de D. H. Dubrowsky, representante de la Cruz Roja Rusa en América, con sede en Nueva York.El Comité Central de esa organización humanitaria agradecía al gobierno de Obregón la ayuda brindada por el pueblo y gobierno mexicanos a las víctimas de la hambruna que la región del Volga, durante el periodo 1921-1923. El objetivo del presente artículo es esempolvar este singular episodio por ser, en nuestra opinión, el prolegómeno más sobresaliente en un proceso que culmina con el establecimiento de las relaciones entre México y la Unión Soviética, el 2 de agosto de 1924.

  5. A ineficácia da tutela multinível dos direitos dociais na União Europeia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Rocha da Silva

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A existência de três níveis distintos de proteção dos direitos sociais na União Europeia – internacional, regional e nacional - leva à pressuposição de que existem inúmeras vantagens em tal arranjo jurídico. De maneira sintética, pode-se afirmar que existiria uma verdadeira complementaridade entre tais sistemas, já que as insuficiências de um poderiam ser sanadas por outro. Contudo, o sistema envolve riscos, especialmente quando se considera que tais ordens jurídicas, por serem distintas, nem sempre estarão em harmonia, ainda que se utilizem dos mesmos conceitos. Nesse sentido, o objetivo deste texto é analisar alguns riscos em relação à tutela multinível dos direitos fundamentais, com foco nos direitos sociais. Para tanto, parte-se da metodologia de análise do surgimento da tutela multinível dos direitos fundamentais e de sua conceituação teórica, para, em seguida, serem apresentados os riscos da tutela multinível, especialmente aqueles decorrentes da falta de diálogo judicial entre os tribunais envolvidos.

  6. O discurso da dissensão e da união nas cruzadas no oriente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Vicente de Medeiros Publio Dias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Crusades are frequently seen as a shock between two cohesive sides, the Christendom and the Islam, but that vision is far from the truth. Both were divided by political and religious issues. Therefore, even if the Crusades had created a situation for a union in both sides, the encounter of those two civilizations in Palestine did not erase the internal dissensions and that appeared in the discourses. Thus, we will analyze in this article the imaginary and the discourses created from those differences in the Eastern Crusades, as between Christians and Muslims as among Christians themselves. / As Cruzadas são frequentemente vistas como um embate entre dois lados coesos, Cristandade e Islã, mas isso está longe da verdade. Ambos estavam divididos por questões políticas e religiosas. Portanto, ainda que as Cruzadas tenham criado um clamor de união nos dois lados, o encontro dessas duas civilizações na Palestina não apagou as dissensões internas e isso se exprimiu nos discursos. Assim, iremos analisar neste artigo o imaginário e os discursos criados a partir dessas diferenças nas Cruzadas Orientais, tanto entre cristãos e muçulmanos quanto entre os próprios cristãos.

  7. Rusia en el Mediterráneo ¿Un nuevo competidor para la Unión Europea?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Alonso

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available La llamada "primavera árabe" ilusionó a muchos analistas europeos y estadounidenses, pero con el paso de los años se ha podido observar qué es lo que ha quedado de todo el cambio radical. La Unión Europea no ha sabido aprovechar la ocasión para fortalecer sus acuerdos de asociación con los países del norte de África e incrementar así su influencia. El afán de Rusia por volver a ser un actora tener en cuenta en términos globales ha encontrado en los resultados de esta "primavera" la ventana de oportunidades propicia para ganar más influencia en la región e incrementar su presencia en la zona, de forma especial llegando a acuerdos sobre venta de armas, hidrocarburos y centrales nucleares, además del fortalecimiento de los vínculos comerciales, turísticos o culturales.

  8. União Europeia: Uma breve história do futuro para um governo dos bens comuns europeu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Covas

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A integração europeia é um bom exemplo de aplicação de uma teoria dos comuns, embora esta perspetiva não seja muito habitual. Estamos, porém, convencidos de que a via do federalismo cooperativo é uma excelente aproximação a esta teoria dos bens comuns ou colaborativa, como agora se diz. 60 anos depois do tratado de Roma e num ano, 2017, em que tudo pode acontecer, inclusive, uma “tragédia dos comuns”, decidimos que há motivos suficientes para fazer uma breve viagem ao futuro do projeto europeu e desenhar um decálogo dos “comuns europeus”, como guião para o próximo programa governativo da União Europeia. | European Union: A brief History of the Future for a government of European commons. It is not a very usual outlook, but from the political point of view, the European integration is a good application of the commons based theory. Besides, we are also convinced that the cooperative federalism method is an excellent approach to this theory. In 2017, and 60 years after the Treaty of Rome, everything seems again at stake, that is why we decided to make a small journey to the future of the European project and, for that purpose, to redesign the European commons catalogue for the next European government.

  9. Aspectos jurídicos y perspectivas políticas de una posible retirada de la Unión Europea por parte del Reino Unido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Werner Miguel Kühn Baca

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available El artículo ofrece un análisis de la situación actual de las relaciones entre el Reino Unido y la Unión Europea. El enfoque se encuentra en los aspectos jurídicos y las perspectivas políticas de una posible retirada por parte de este Estado miembro del proceso de integración europeo. Se evalúan los posibles escenarios y consecuencias, tomando en cuenta tanto el marco jurídico cómo el entorno político actual. En base a dicho análisis, se proponen soluciones que podrían satisfacer los intereses del Reino Unido y la Unión Europea.

  10. De Río a Madrid: límites y posibilidades de las relaciones Unión Europea-América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Sanahuja, José Antonio

    2003-01-01

    El pasado mes de mayo, durante el semestre de la Presidencia española de la Unión Europea, se celebró en Madrid la II Cumbre de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea y América Latina y el Caribe. Esta reunión debería haber proporcionado un nuevo impulso político a la “Asociación Estratégica” que ambas regiones acordaron en la I Cumbre, celebrada en Río de Janeiro en junio de 1999. Sin embargo, a pesar del tono complaciente de las declaraciones oficiales, la Cumbre de Madrid parece...

  11. Participación de organizaciones comunitarias en la gestión de salud: una evaluación de la experiencia del Programa UNI

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo Mercer; Violeta Adrina Ruiz

    2004-01-01

    Con el propósito de mejorar la formación de los profesionales de salud en América Latina, la Fundación W. K. Kellogg convocó a universidades de varios países a presentar proyectos que integraran las respectivas facultades del área de la salud, los servicios públicos de salud de la zona de influencia y las organizaciones comunitarias que allí actuaran. Así, a lo largo de la década del 90 se desarrolló el Programa UNI (Una Nueva Iniciativa en la Educación de los Profesionales de la Salud: Unión...

  12. Los mecanismos de flexibilización en la Unión Europea, una solución para poder continuar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Martínez

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de integración europeo ha sufrido muchas transformaciones a lo largo de su historia; las principales tienen que ver con el debate de la integración por el hecho de ampliar el proceso a más estados o profundizar en la integración para la obtención de una mayor convergencia económica y política. Es por esto que, a través del proceso de integración, se han ido creando mecanismos que han hecho posible que hoy en día sea una realidad la unión monetaria en doce países de la Unión o que los europeos puedan disfrutar del llamado Espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia proclamado en el Tratado de Ámsterdam de 1997.

  13. Du panafricanisme à la réafricanisation : formation et actualité du mouvement akan aux États-Unis

    OpenAIRE

    Guedj, Pauline

    2014-01-01

    Du panafricanisme à la réafricanisation : formation et actualité du mouvement akan aux États-Unis. À Cuba et au Brésil, la réafricanisation des religions afro-américaines est centrée autour de la valorisation des origines yoruba de ces cultes. En se fondant sur une enquête de terrain réalisée aux États-Unis, cet article montre comment l’originalité de la réafricanisation en Amérique du Nord réside dans l’existence, à côté de la religion des orisha, d’un autre système de croyance « africain » ...

  14. Caracterización espectroscópica de la unión de Docetaxel a la albúmina sérica humana

    OpenAIRE

    Maripaz Márquez; Liliana Quintanar; Gilberto Castañeda-Hernández

    2013-01-01

    El Docetaxel es un antineoplásico cuya presentación comercial es Taxotere. La unión de Docetaxel a las proteínas plasmáticas para su distribución son etapas críticas en la farmacocinética que determinan los efectos adversos. La distribución de Docetaxel depende mayoritariamente de la proteína plasmática albúmina sérica humana (del inglés, HSA). El presente estudio evaluó la unión de Docetaxel a la HSA, utilizando la técnica de absorción electrónica. Se realizaron pruebas de tiempo de incubaci...

  15. Actitudes hacia el matrimonio y la unión civil gay en Costa Rica: ¿religiosidad, homofobia, autoritarismo o desconocimiento?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Smith-Castro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años, el reconocimiento del matrimonio y la unión civil entre personas del mismosexo ha sido objeto de debates en diversos países del mundo, particularmente en América Latina. El presente estudio explora el impacto relativo de la religiosidad, el autoritarismo, la homofobia y el contacto con personas homosexuales en el rechazo o apoyo a esta iniciativa en Costa Rica. Participaron en el estudio 100 estudiantes universitarios costarricenses heterosexuales quienes contestaron un cuestionario autoaplicado que contenía mediciones de estos constructos. Los resultados del análisis de regresión logística muestran que una combinación particular de alta ortodoxia religiosa, alto autoritarismo homofóbico y poco contacto con personas homosexuales disminuyen las probabilidades de apoyar el matrimonio y la unión civil.

  16. Inelastic neutron scattering studies of TbNiAlH sub 1 sub . sub 4 and UNiAlH sub 2 sub . sub 0 hydrides

    CERN Document Server

    Bordallo, H N; Kolomiets, A V; Kalceff, W; Nakotte, H; Eckert, J

    2003-01-01

    The optical vibrations of hydrogen in TbNiAlH sub 1 sub . sub 4 and UNiAlH sub 2 sub . sub 0 were investigated by means of inelastic neutron scattering. The experimental data were analysed, including multiphonon neutron scattering contributions, calculated in an isotropic harmonic approximation. At least two fundamental H optical peaks were observed in TbNiAlH sub 1 sub . sub 4 , and were assigned to the vibrational modes of hydrogen atoms occupying different interstitial sites in the metal sublattice. The high-energy part of the UNiAlH sub 2 sub . sub 0 spectra is characterized by strong anharmonicity, and a broad fundamental band. The latter can be accounted for by a large dispersion of phonon modes due to the strong H-H interactions, and/or different metal-hydrogen force constants, which may originate from different metal atoms surrounding the H atoms in the unit cell.

  17. La Unión Médica Hispano-Americana (1900) y su contribución al internacionalismo científico

    OpenAIRE

    Olagüe de Ros, Guillermo

    2006-01-01

    En 1900, y en el curso del XIII Congreso Internacional de Medicina de París, se fundó la Unión Médica Hispano-Americana, cuyo objetivo básico era reforzar los lazos culturales y científicos entre los países de habla española. La primera asamblea de la Unión se celebró en Madrid en la primavera de 1903. De las comunicaciones presentadas la más interesante, sin duda, fue la Manuel Latosa Latour, que propuso la confección de un Diccionario Tecnológico Médico Hispano-Americano. Ni la Sociedad cie...

  18. Fronteras discursivas: las políticas migratorias de inclusión y exclusión en la Unión Europea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2008-01-01

    Good patriots La voluntad de la Unión Europea de crear un enfoque global y comprehensivo sobre la inmigración se basa en una concepción positiva de la misma y en una serie de directivas y mecanismos para abordarla. No obstante, la creación de una inmigración positiva se logra mediante el establec...

  19. Participación de organizaciones comunitarias en la gestión de salud: una evaluación de la experiencia del Programa UNI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Mercer

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de mejorar la formación de los profesionales de salud en América Latina, la Fundación W. K. Kellogg convocó a universidades de varios países a presentar proyectos que integraran las respectivas facultades del área de la salud, los servicios públicos de salud de la zona de influencia y las organizaciones comunitarias que allí actuaran. Así, a lo largo de la década del 90 se desarrolló el Programa UNI (Una Nueva Iniciativa en la Educación de los Profesionales de la Salud: Unión con la Comunidad Este artículo concentra su mirada en el componente comunitario de esos proyectos y se basa en los resultados obtenidos en el Estudio Especial de Comunidad¹ realizado en el marco del Programa de Apoyo a los proyectos UNI. Un aspecto central y decisivo del Programa UNI ha sido el esfuerzo de cooperación entre tres actores: Universidades, Servicios de Salud y Comunidad que se asociaron, para apoyar procesos de cambios paralelos en las instituciones que cada actor social representaba y en las ciudades en las que cada proyecto se ejecutó. La evaluación que se realizó puso el eje de la observación en la "orilla de la población" y sus organizaciones, tratando de identificar las condiciones que facilitan la construcción de la ciudadanía, la imagen de superación intergeneracional que pueden alcanzar los integrantes de la comunidad, y en los cambios en las condiciones de vida, que fueron las tres dimensiones consideradas por la propia comunidad, como las relevantes para ser evaluadas.

  20. Participación de organizaciones comunitarias en la gestión de salud: una evaluación de la experiencia del Programa UNI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Mercer

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de mejorar la formación de los profesionales de salud en América Latina, la Fundación W. K. Kellogg convocó a universidades de varios países a presentar proyectos que integraran las respectivas facultades del área de la salud, los servicios públicos de salud de la zona de influencia y las organizaciones comunitarias que allí actuaran. Así, a lo largo de la década del 90 se desarrolló el Programa UNI (Una Nueva Iniciativa en la Educación de los Profesionales de la Salud: Unión con la Comunidad Este artículo concentra su mirada en el componente comunitario de esos proyectos y se basa en los resultados obtenidos en el Estudio Especial de Comunidad¹ realizado en el marco del Programa de Apoyo a los proyectos UNI. Un aspecto central y decisivo del Programa UNI ha sido el esfuerzo de cooperación entre tres actores: Universidades, Servicios de Salud y Comunidad que se asociaron, para apoyar procesos de cambios paralelos en las instituciones que cada actor social representaba y en las ciudades en las que cada proyecto se ejecutó. La evaluación que se realizó puso el eje de la observación en la "orilla de la población" y sus organizaciones, tratando de identificar las condiciones que facilitan la construcción de la ciudadanía, la imagen de superación intergeneracional que pueden alcanzar los integrantes de la comunidad, y en los cambios en las condiciones de vida, que fueron las tres dimensiones consideradas por la propia comunidad, como las relevantes para ser evaluadas.

  1. La Unión Europea y el mundo “en desarrollo”: ¿dónde encaja Centroamérica?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Voorend (Koen)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractLa tormenta del referéndum del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos y CAFTA-DR hasta hace poco se empieza a calmar, pero desde ya el siguiente gigante en el mundo del comercio global ya está tocando a la puerta de América Central. La Unión Europea y Centroamérica, como región,

  2. La residencia de las personas jurídicas en el Derecho comparado (con especial referencia al ámbito de la Unión Europea)

    OpenAIRE

    Ribes Ribes, Aurora

    2013-01-01

    La presente aportación examina los distintos criterios existentes en la actualidad para determinar la residencia fiscal de las entidades, con especial atención a los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea. Partiendo de estas premisas, se ponen de relieve los problemas que conlleva la falta de armonización en esta órbita y se apuntan posibles soluciones al respecto. Asociación Española de Asesores Fiscales (AEDAF)

  3. PfGBP: una proteína de unión al telómero de Plasmodium falciparum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Calvo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los telómeros son estructuras complejas de ADN y proteína localizadas en el extremo de los cromosomas eucariotes. Su principal función es proteger el extremo cromosomal de ser reconocido y procesado como ADNs fracturado, evitando así eventos de recombinación y fusión que conducen a inestabilidad cromosomal. El ADN telomérico consta de secuencias cortas, repetidas una tras otra, ricas en guanina; la cadena rica en guanina se extiende formando una región de cadena sencilla denominada extremo 3´ protuberante. Las proteínas por su parte, se pueden clasificar en: dsBPs, o proteínas de unión a la cadena doble, GBPs aquellas que reconocen específicamente el extremo protuberante y, proteínas que las interconectan mediante interacciones proteína-proteína. El gen PF3D7_1006800 de Plasmodium falciparum codifica para una proteína putativa similar a una GBP de Criptosporidium parvum, con el fin de establecer si esta proteína de P. falciparum presenta la capacidad de unión al ADN telomérico del parásito, se produjo una proteína recombinante a partir de la región codificante del gen, se purificó y se utilizó en ensayos de unión a ADN, y en la generación de anticuerpos policlonales específicos contra PfGBP. Nuestros resultados indican que la proteína de P. falciparum es una proteína nuclear con capacidad de unión al ADN telomérico in vitro, por lo que podría ser parte del complejo proteico encargado de proteger y/o mantener el telómero in vivo.

  4. La Unión Europea y el mundo “en desarrollo”: ¿dónde encaja Centroamérica?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Voorend (Koen)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractLa tormenta del referéndum del Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Estados Unidos y CAFTA-DR hasta hace poco se empieza a calmar, pero desde ya el siguiente gigante en el mundo del comercio global ya está tocando a la puerta de América Central. La Unión Europea y Centroamérica, como región,

  5. La modesta protección de los consumidores en la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea y su potencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Larrazabal Basañez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto estudia las posibilidades que ofrece el artículo 8 de la Carta de los Derechos Fundamentales de la Unión Europea en materia de protección de los consumidores, analizándolas desde la promulgación de la Carta en el año 2000 hasta la entrada en vigor del Tratado de Lisboa, que ha reconocido a la Carta el mismo valor jurídico que los Tratados, y también respecto al nuevo período que se abre tras el Tratado de Lisboa, y trata de demostrar cómo, a pesar de lo modesto de la regulación de la protección de los consumidores en la Carta, al ser definida como un principio y no como un derecho, este artículo tiene mucho potencial de desarrollo, tanto en los actos legislativos y ejecutivos de la Unión, como en caso de los Estados cuando apliquen el derecho de ésta y, especialmente, en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea.Recibido: 19.05.11Aceptado: 28.06.11

  6. Iniciación sexual y unión conyugal entre jóvenes de tres municipios de la región fronteriza de Chiapas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angélica A. Evangelista García

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En México, en la actualidad, la investigación demográfica documenta la paulatina postergación de la primera unión y el rejuvenecimiento en la edad a la que inician las relaciones sexuales; es decir, se está observando una iniciación sexual más desvinculada de la unión conyugal. Sin embargo, a diferencia de lo que sucede en el contexto nacional, entre las mujeres y hombres jóvenes en Chiapas observamos el predominio de una sexualidad estrechamente vinculada a la unión conyugal. En este contexto, acudir con trabajadoras del sexo comercial (TSC parece constituirse en la única opción de los varones jóvenes para tener relaciones sexuales antes y fuera del matrimonio. En una investigación cualitativa realizada con jóvenes de entre 15 y 19 años de edad, residentes de tres municipios de la región fronteriza, analizamos las condiciones que permiten la no ocurrencia de un patrón que distinga claramente la iniciación sexual de la vida en pareja, como está documentado en el ámbito nacional.

  7. UniPROBE, update 2015: new tools and content for the online database of protein-binding microarray data on protein–DNA interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, Maxwell A.; Barrera, Luis A.; Gisselbrecht, Stephen S.; Bulyk, Martha L.

    2015-01-01

    The Universal PBM Resource for Oligonucleotide Binding Evaluation (UniPROBE) serves as a convenient source of information on published data generated using universal protein-binding microarray (PBM) technology, which provides in vitro data about the relative DNA-binding preferences of transcription factors for all possible sequence variants of a length k (‘k-mers’). The database displays important information about the proteins and displays their DNA-binding specificity data in terms of k-mers, position weight matrices and graphical sequence logos. This update to the database documents the growth of UniPROBE since the last update 4 years ago, and introduces a variety of new features and tools, including a new streamlined pipeline that facilitates data deposition by universal PBM data generators in the research community, a tool that generates putative nonbinding (i.e. negative control) DNA sequences for one or more proteins and novel motifs obtained by analyzing the PBM data using the BEEML-PBM algorithm for motif inference. The UniPROBE database is available at http://uniprobe.org. PMID:25378322

  8. Efeito vinculante do reenvio prejudicial na União Europeia: um caminho para desenvolver o direito comunitário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuella Chagas Jaguar Correia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O reenvio prejudicial é um procedimento jurídico impetrado perante o Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia, mediante pedido específico de um tribunal nacional. Entre as muitas funções exercidas pelo reenvio prejudicial, deve ser sublinhada sua capacidade de “criar” Direito Comunitário, por meio de sua jurisprudência de caráter vinculante. Diversos princípios que regem o Direito Comunitário Europeu foram desenvolvidos ou enunciados a partir de procedimentos dessa natureza. O presente artigo analisa o processo de surgimento do Princípio do Reconhecimento Mútuo como estudo de caso, a fim de ilustrar como um princípio definido por um reenvio prejudicial contribuiu não apenas para o desenvolvimento do Direito Comunitário Europeu, mas também para aperfeiçoar as relações comerciais internas à União Europeia. A pesquisa ressaltou a centralidade da importância do efeito vinculante das decisões produzidas a partir de um reenvio prejudicial para que o Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia possa cumprir sua função de produzir legislação.

  9. Unión concubinaria: análisis desde la perspectiva patrimonial y especialmente su influencia en el Derecho comercial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Acuña

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available El análisis de la Unión Concubinaria en el ámbito del Derecho Societario, resulta, en principio, casi igual al formulado por la doctrina desde hace décadas en relación a la Sociedad Conyugal.Esto es así en razón de que la ley 18.246 remite a las normas de la Sociedad Conyugal.Sin embargo las disposiciones aplicables a la Unión Concubinaria presentan características propias, que no se superponen exactamente con aquellas de la Sociedad Conyugal, por lo que ameritan un estudio particular.Adelantamos desde ya que uno de los puntos que nos presenta mayores dudas, es aquel en el cual hay coincidencia entre la existencia de bienes dentro de una Sociedad Conyugal y los mismos bienes, integrando una Unión Concubinaria reconocida.Por otra parte, la ocasión es propicia para replantear un tema que, si bien ha sido reiteradamente investigado, no está laudado y es el referido al papel de la causa en la determinación de la naturaleza propia o ganancial del estado de socio, especialmente en las Sociedades Anónimas y específicamente en relación con las acciones, cuando éstas se han emitido al portador.

  10. Peningkatan Mutu Pembelajaran Teknologi Pengecatan melalui Metode Jigsaw Bagi Mahasiswa Otomotif FT UNY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tawardjono Usman

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to investigate (1 the implementation of the jigsaw technique, (2 the students’ participation in the jigsaw technique, and (3 the learning achievement of the students in the course of painting technology through the jigsaw technique. This study used a classroom action research design developed by Kemmis and Mc Taggart in 2 cycles. The study was conducted in the Department of Automotive Engineering Education, Faculty of Engineering, Yogyakarta State University involving 28 students. The data collection method used documentation, observation and tests. The instruments used in this study include: an observation sheet and a written test. The data analysis techniques used comparative descriptive and qualitative. The results of this study were: (1 the implementation of the jigsaw technique was conducted in 2 cycles in the subject of painting defects, with the formation of the groups as heterogeneous, delivering the common materials, a pretest, and group discussions between the source and the expert groups (in 2 cycles, and a post test , (2 learning with jigsaw technique can improve the quality of the students’ learning, and (3 the jigsaw technique increases 74% of the value of the pretest and the post test.

  11. Isolator-free switchable uni- and bidirectional hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernysheva, Maria; Araimi, Mohammed Al; Kbashi, Hani; Arif, Raz; Sergeyev, Sergey V; Rozhin, Aleksey

    2016-07-11

    An Erbium-doped fibre ring laser hybrid mode-locked with single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and nonlinear polarisation evolution (NPE) without an optical isolator has been investigated for various cavity conditions. Precise control of the state of polarisation (SOP) in the cavity ensures different losses for counter-propagating optical fields. As the result, the laser operates in quasi-unidirectional regime in both clockwise (CW) and counter-clockwise (CCW) directions with the emission strengths difference of the directions of 22 dB. Furthermore, by adjusting the net birefringence in the cavity, the laser can operate in a bidirectional generation. In this case, a laser pumped with 75 mW power at 980 nm generates almost identical 790 and 570 fs soliton pulses with an average power of 1.17 and 1.11 mW. The operation stability and pulse quality of the soliton pulses in both unidirectional regimes are highly competitive with those generated in conventional ring fibre lasers with isolator in the cavity. Demonstrated bidirectional laser operation can find vital applications in gyroscopes or precision rotation sensing technologies.

  12. 即插即用卫星中电子数据表单的设计研究%Design of xTEDS for plug-and-play satellite modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴艳龙; 李新洪; 赵亚雄

    2013-01-01

    The self⁃identification and self⁃adaption of Plug⁃and⁃play satellite module is analyzed in this paper. A interface description and design method,that is xTEDS design method,to solve self⁃identification and self⁃adaption problems of plug⁃and⁃play satellite modules is put forward. First,according to the request,the corresponding XML Schema document is designed, and then,taking the solar energy panel as an example,the XML document of solar energy panel is designed and analyzed ac⁃cording to XML Schema and interface requirements of the solar energy panel. The results shows that the application of xTEDS de⁃sign method can effectively solve the problems of self ⁃ test,self ⁃ identification and self ⁃ adaption of plug ⁃ and ⁃ play satellite modules. It laid a foundation for on⁃orbit service.%  针对即插即用卫星模块自识别及自适应进行了分析研究,提出一种用于解决即插即用卫星各模块自识别及自适应问题的接口描述设计方法,即基于 XML 的可扩展电子数据表单设计方法。首先依据要求设计出相应的 XML Schema,以卫星太阳能帆板为例,依据 XML Schema 及太阳能帆板的接口需求设计出帆板的 XML 文档,并对 XML 文档进行了分析。研究结果表明,使用可扩展电子数据表单设计方法能有效解决即插即用卫星模块的自检测、自识别及自适应问题,为在轨服务打下基础。

  13. Um gramsciano a serviço da união dos povos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Nogueira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Quarta-feira, 20 de janeiro, soube da morte de Giorgio Baratta. Poucos brasileiros sabem quem foi ele. Era conhecido e admirado por marxistas gramscianos, com quem mantinha relações estreitas, aqui no Brasil e em diversas partes do mundo. A todos encantava com sua ironia fina, seu conhecimento enciclopédico, sua admiração incondicional por Gramsci – uma admiração que não o cegava nem o fechava em tolos dogmatismos.

  14. Uni- and multi-variable modelling of flood losses: experiences gained from the Secchia river inundation event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carisi, Francesca; Domeneghetti, Alessio; Kreibich, Heidi; Schröter, Kai; Castellarin, Attilio

    2017-04-01

    Flood risk is function of flood hazard and vulnerability, therefore its accurate assessment depends on a reliable quantification of both factors. The scientific literature proposes a number of objective and reliable methods for assessing flood hazard, yet it highlights a limited understanding of the fundamental damage processes. Loss modelling is associated with large uncertainty which is, among other factors, due to a lack of standard procedures; for instance, flood losses are often estimated based on damage models derived in completely different contexts (i.e. different countries or geographical regions) without checking its applicability, or by considering only one explanatory variable (i.e. typically water depth). We consider the Secchia river flood event of January 2014, when a sudden levee-breach caused the inundation of nearly 200 km2 in Northern Italy. In the aftermath of this event, local authorities collected flood loss data, together with additional information on affected private households and industrial activities (e.g. buildings surface and economic value, number of company's employees and others). Based on these data we implemented and compared a quadratic-regression damage function, with water depth as the only explanatory variable, and a multi-variable model that combines multiple regression trees and considers several explanatory variables (i.e. bagging decision trees). Our results show the importance of data collection revealing that (1) a simple quadratic regression damage function based on empirical data from the study area can be significantly more accurate than literature damage-models derived for a different context and (2) multi-variable modelling may outperform the uni-variable approach, yet it is more difficult to develop and apply due to a much higher demand of detailed data.

  15. Políticas rurales de la Unión Europea y proyectos territoriales de identidad cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Saraceno

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available El artículo ilustra las recientes transformaciones en las áreas rurales europeas, como preámbulo a su análisis de las políticas que acompañan tales cambios y a la reflexión sobre las enseñanzas de la experiencia europea para América Latina. Sin embargo, a partir de los 80 del siglo XX, el enfoque sectorial de las política agrícola de la Unión Europea resultó insuficiente. Se empezó un proceso de transformación que llevó a establecer una nueva política de desarrollo rural con un enfoque territorial, como ‘segundo pilar’ de la políticas agrícolas. En este nuevo enfoque se inscribe la iniciativa innovadora Leader, que ha contribuido a generar una dinámica endógena positiva en las zonas rurales y ha despertado el mayor interés fuera de Europa, tanto en los organismos internacionales como en algunos países en vías de desarrollo. Se abordan las políticas agrarias europeas (PAC y su evolución; y en particular la iniciativa Leader. Se tratan además algunos casos de estudio en que la identidad ha jugado un rol importante. Por último, se hacen algunas reflexiones sobre la utilidad de las experiencias europeas en América Latina.

  16. Clinical evaluation of the Uni-Yeast-Tek system for rapid presumptive identification of medically important yeasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, B H; Johnson, J B; Thaxton, E S

    1978-04-01

    The results of over 400 tests for identification of clinical yeast isolates as to species using the Uni-Yeast-Tek (UYT) system in comparison with a more conventional system are reported. The conventional system utilized a total of 23 individual tests, including both fermentation and assimilation tests, whereas the UYT system included only 11 separate tests. In the initial phase of the study, coded unknown isolates were evaluated by each of two technologists using both methods independently. After this initial evaluation, the two methods were used in parallel for routine testing of yeast isolates as they were obtained from clinical specimens. A further evaluation of the UYT system was carried out by retrospectively analyzing the species reported from a clinical mycology laboratory during two separate time periods in which different approaches to yeast identification were employed. A total of 92% of the isolates tested with the UYT system were correctly reported within 72 h, 96% were correctly named after 1 week of incubation, and 97% were correctly reported after 2 weeks of incubation of UYT plates at 30 degrees C when results of the two phases of the study were analyzed together. With the conventional system, 88% of the isolates were correctly reported at 72 h, 96% at 1 week, and 98% after 2 weeks of incubation of biochemical tests. Retrospective analysis of laboratory records revealed no major changes in species reported after adoption of the UYT system for routine testing of clinical isolates. The data presented in this report suggest that the UYT system can be expected to yield rapid presumptive identification of clinical yeast isolates with reasonable confidence when certain minor limitations that are discussed in the text are taken into account.

  17. Prevalencia de trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en universitarios españoles y factores asociados: proyecto uniHcos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Martínez-González

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA son especialmente frecuentes en los jóvenes. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de TCA en jóvenes universitarios y sus factores asociados. Metodología: Estudio de prevalencia en jóvenes universitarios españoles del proyecto uniHcos. Mediante regresión logística no condicional se determinó la magnitud de la asociación entre los factores de riesgo asociados al estilo de vida y padecer un TCA medido mediante el cuestionario Sick. Control, One, Fat, Food (SCOFF. Resultados: La prevalencia de TCA fue del 19.5%, siendo mayor en mujeres (ORa=1.59; p=0.006. En los chicos, tener criterios de padecer TCA se asoció con vivir en colegios mayores. con realizar "binge drinking", y uso problemático de internet. En las mujeres el estudiar titulaciones diferentes a las ciencias de la salud (ORa=1.50 y el uso problemático de internet (ORa=2.33. Aquellas mujeres con riesgo de TCA presentaban con mayor frecuencia depresión (ORa=2.02, dolores menstruales (ORa=1.81 y mala salud percibida (ORa=1.70. En los hombres, aquellos con riesgo de TCA presentaban con mayor frecuencia una mala salud percibida (ORa=2.42. Conclusiones: El riesgo de obtener resultados positivos en el SCOFF en nuestro estudio es similar a lo publicado para otras poblaciones de estudiantes, así como su asociación con determinadas adicciones y problemas de salud. Se observaron diferencias en función del sexo que precisan atención en el diseño de estrategias de prevención y control.

  18. Clearfil Protect Bond™ versus Uni-Etch™ antibacterial self-etchant: A war of giants against shear bond strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atram, Harish; Jakati, Sanjeev V; Aley, Mrunal; Chachada, Achint; Mankar, Mugdha

    2016-01-01

    To use antibacterial agents with two conventional bonding systems and evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) of bracket to enamel. Overall, 120 human-extracted first premolars were used. The specimens were equally divided into six sub-groups of 20 samples. Control groups were bonded with Transbond XT™ light cure (Group I, after etching with 37% phosphoric acid, 3M Unitek™ ) and Unite™ self-cure adhesive (Group II, after etching with 37% phosphoric acid, 3M Unitek™ ). Experimental groups included teeth surface first coated with Clearfil Protect Bond™ (Kuraray, Osaka, Japan) (and then bonded with Transbond XT™ [Group III] or Unite™ [Group IV]) or bonded with Uni-Etch™ antibacterial self-etchant (and then bonded with Transbond XT™ [Group V] or Unite™ [Group VI]). The third generation MBT bracket bonding system with 0.022 slots was used for bonding. All specimens were tested on Instron machine 5567 (SIES Institute of packaging, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India) to evaluate the SBS. The sheared surfaces were also investigated with a stereomicroscope to assess adhesive remnants index (ARI scores) on the specimen surfaces. Mean SBS in Group I-Group VI was 10.53 (2.91), 9.12 (2.56), 9.86 (1.98), 6.96 (2.92), 9.57 (2.02), and 7.65 (2.34) megapascals, respectively. Significant differences were only seen between Group III and IV and between Group II and IV. With respect to ARI scores, significant differences were seen only for comparison between Groups II, IV, and VI. Newly developed antibacterial agent could be used with conventional bonding systems effectively to decrease white spots; when used with Transbond XT™ light cure, the original SBS did not get affected, but when used with Unite™ self-cure bonding system, it led to reduced SBS significantly.

  19. El desarrollo rural en la Unión Europea: El concepto y la política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gallardo Cobos Rosa

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available El medio rural es un elemento fundamental que vertebra social y económicamente el territorio europeo y configura su paisaje. Los intensos cambios que pueden observarse en la consideración de lo rural en la Unión Europea (UE permiten afirmar que la ruralidad es un concepto en evolución, pudiéndose diferenciar tres etapas: lo rural como imagen, como localidad y como construcción social. La evolución del concepto tiene su reflejo en la necesaria adaptación del enfoque utilizado para abordar la problemática rural, y como consecuencia en el diseño político de apoyo a estos territorios. Bajo el término de Desarrollo Rural la UE ha ido incluyendo asuntos muy dispares, apoyándolos con medidas e instrumentos financieros igualmente heterogéneos. Para el objetivo de apoyar al mundo rural han confluido las dos grandes políticas: la agraria y la regional, por lo que la Política de Desarrollo Rural ha venido navegando entre lo sectorial y lo territorial. En un momento de redefinición de las prioridades políticas europeas a partir del 2013, cohesión territorial, articulación rural/urbana, concertación social, cooperación institucional, sostenibilidad ambiental y gobernanza, son elementos fundamentales para una política que se plantee garantizar la continuidad de un medio rural vivo, habitable y respetuoso con el medio ambiente.

  20. Experimental Evaluation of Metal Composite Multi Bolt Radial Joint on Laminate Level, under uni Axial Tensile Loading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Sharada Prabhakar

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Longitudinal tensile load exerted due to internal hydraulic pressure, on bolted radial joints between large size PAN carbon epoxy filament wound composite cylindrical section and small size 15CDV6 steel cylindrical sections, were simulated and tested on flat laminate level, mainly to check the strength of PAN carbon epoxy helical wound laminate made by wet winding method. Small segmental portion of circumference of cylindrical sections was considered as width of composite laminate and of metallic plates, necessary to accommodate 5 rows of fasteners in transverse direction with specified pitch distance. Bolted radial joints between carbon epoxy helical wound flat laminate and 15CDV6 steel plates were realized with 8 numbers of steel fasteners distributed in 3 longitudinal and 5 transverse rows at each joint. Helical angle of winding, length and thickness of carbon epoxy laminate was ±22.5°, 458mm and 11mm respectively. Length and structural thickness of radial joints, total length and width of assembly test specimen were 98mm, 18mm, 870mm and 169.43mm respectively. Joints were tested under uni-axial tensile load up to failure. Joints failed at 18 tonnes (1.7 times of design load. Failure mode was observed as initiation of bearing failure at all 8, countersink fastener holes in laminate and shear out failure at edge hole. Strains in fibre direction, at 45°and at transverse to fibre direction were found very less. Maximum compressive strain and residual strain, near fastener holes were found as -1423 and -136 micro strain respectively. Test was successful

  1. Concubina o esposa. Reflexiones sobre la unión de Jimena Muñiz con Alfonso VI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Carmen RODRÍGUEZ GONZÁLEZ

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Jimena Muñiz fue una aristócrata berciana que aparece mencionada en las crónicas medievales como concubina del monarca leonés Alfonso VI y madre de sus hijas Elvira y Teresa de Portugal. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido efectuar una revisión historiográfica sobre el tema y un estudio sistemático de la documentación procedente de diferentes instituciones episcopales y monásticas leonesas. La nueva información obtenida nos ha permitido reflexionar sobre el carácter de la unión que mantuvo con el monarca, conocer la vinculación familiar de Jimena con grupos aristocráticos pertenecientes a los círculos próximos a la corte leonesa y su posible relación con la crisis religiosa de 1080, a la que hace alusión el papa Gregorio VII en una de las cartas que por estas mismas fechas dirige al monarca leonés.ABSTRACT: Jimena Muñiz was a member of the Berciana aristocracy who appears mentioned in the medieval chronicles as concubine of the king of Leon Alfonso VI, and mother of his daughters Elvira and Teresa of Portugal. The objective of this work has been to carry out a historiography revision on the subject and a systematic study of documentation coming from different leonine Episcopal and monastic institutions. New information obtained has allowed us to reflect on the character of the union that she maintained with the monarch; to know Jimena’s familiar bonds with aristocratic groups appertaining to the near circles of the court and their possible relation with the religious crisis of 1080, to which Pope Gregorio VII does allusion in one of his letters that by these same dates address to the Leonese monarch.

  2. Image, Nature and Innovation---A Review of Ted Hughes’ The Thought-Fox%意象·自然·创新--泰德·休斯《思想-狐狸》之评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭蓉蓉

    2016-01-01

    As one of the most important post-war British poets, Ted Hughes combined his unique animal images with nature, which is an important element of modern romanticism. He used nature in his poetry to indicate the human society, attempting to find a way out of the mental wasteland for the human society. His unique and brand-new writing style is well embodied by a declarative poem.%英国桂冠诗人泰德·休斯运用现代诗中的意象表现手法,创作出一系列独特的动物主体意象,并与浪漫主义中的自然这一元素相结合,通过描写自然界来影射人类社会,试图在人类社会的一片精神废墟中找寻拯救的良方。他的这一诗风在《思想—狐狸》这首宣言式的诗中得到很好的体现,亦在诗坛开创了一个崭新的流派。

  3. La inmigración cubana en Austria en el actual contexto de la Unión Europea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Oroza Busutil

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de los años 90 del siglo XX, acorde con las tendencias migratorias internacionales y en particular con el comportamiento de este fenómeno en América Latina, se dio una diversificación de los flujos migratorios cubanos, por lo que al destino histórico y tradicional de la emigración cubana (Estados Unidos se añadieron otros países y regiones, destacándose la presencia de cubanos en Europa. Si bien la comunidad de cubanos asentada en Austria es cuantitativamente menor, comparada con países como España e Italia, el estudio posibilito un acercamiento al conocimiento de las particularidades de la emigración cubana hacia el país alpino, así como de las principales características socio demográficas y económicos de estos inmigrantes, sin obviar la política migratoria austriaca y su convergencia con la Política Migratoria Común de la Unión Europea (UE. Para la realización de este estudio los investigadores se apoyaron en diversas técnicas de investigación, como fueron la observación participante, entrevistas a funcionarios de los Ministerios del Interior y Asuntos Europeos e Internacionales de Austria y la aplicación de una encuesta realizada en el año 2013 al 19,25% de la comunidad objeto de estudio. A través de estos instrumentos se pudo concluir que la inmigración cubana en Austria, en comparación con otros grupos de migrantes, se ha insertado de manera positiva en la sociedad, manteniendo los vínculos con su país de origen, con rasgos similares a otras comunidades de emigrados cubanos en cuanto a la composición de los flujos, las vías utilizadas para viajar, el nivel educacional, entre otros.

  4. La política de inmigración en la Unión Europea. Desde tres claves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solanes Corella, Ángeles

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The European Union's immigration policy regarding the control and management of migratory flow, can be seen from many viewpoints. Of these, three are of particular interest. Firstly, the economic aspect, which is based on reducing the figure of the immigrant to a worker, taking into account the conditions and protection of the European Community's employment market. Secondly, the defensive aspect, which emphasises the need to secure frontiers vulnerable to immigrant migration, in order to ensure both security and law and order. Lastly the social aspect, which focuses on the aim for European homogeneity a reference point for the implementation of this policy and for the need to integrate immigrants. These three key aspects are essential for us to understand, analyse and question the complex reality of migration to Europe and the legal-political treatment it receives.

    La política de inmigración de la Unión Europea, relativa al control y la gestión de los flujos migratorios, puede abordarse desde múltiples perspectivas. De ellas tres me parecen especialmente interesantes. En primer lugar la dimensión económica, que se asienta sobre la reducción del inmigrante a la figura de trabajador, atendiendo a las condiciones y protección del mercado comunitario de empleo. En segundo lugar, la orientación defensiva que pone en evidencia la exigencia de blindar las fronteras ante la interpretación de la inmigración desde una visión de seguridad y orden público. Por último, el enfoque social, que incide en la pretendida homogeneidad europea que se toma como referencia en la articulación de esta política y en la necesidad de integraci��n de los inmigrantes. Estas tres claves nos aportan aspectos esenciales para comprender, analizar y cuestionar la compleja realidad de las migraciones hacia Europa y el tratamiento político-jurídico de las mismas.

  5. El coste de oportunidad como determinante del autoempleo en la Unión Europea (UE 25

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Zapico Aldeano

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende introducir en el análisis de la motivación de la actividad emprendedora el potencial efecto negativo del coste de oportunidad asociado a la misma. Para lograr este objetivo se aplicó un análisis de ecuaciones estructurales con la aproximación Partial Least Squares (PLS sobre una muestra de ciudadanos de la Unión Europea agrupados por países, para el periodo 2004. Los resultados muestran que la motivación emprendedora presenta una estructura interna dual formada por dos componentes independientes, uno relacionado con el atractivo intrínseco del autoempleo y otro relacionado con el atractivo intrínseco del estatus de empleado. Concretamente, los resultados indican una influencia directamente proporcional, sobre la intención emprendedora, de los elementos asociados al atractivo de ser empresario. También se verifica la relación inversamente proporcional de los elementos asociados al atractivo de ser empleado; siendo este efecto desmotivador de menor cuantía que el citado en primer lugar. Desde un punto de vista práctico, se plantea que las políticas de estímulo de la actividad emprendedora deberían tener en cuenta que no únicamente los ciudadanos con actitudes negativas hacia el autoempleo rechazan crear empresas, el atractivo del empleo por cuenta ajena es un determinante adicional significativo.This paper tries to include the potential negative effect of the opportunity cost over the motivation analysis related to the entrepreneurial activity. According to this aim, a Structural Equation Modelling analysis with Partial Least Squares (PLS approach was performed over a sample of European citizens clustered by country, within the period 2004. The results show that entrepreneurial motivation has a dual internal structure based on two independent components, one connected to the intrinsic attractiveness of self-employment and another one connected to the intrinsic attractiveness of the employee status

  6. Estrategias de intervención en áreas urbanas inundables: el caso Bella Unión, Uruguay

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    Adriana Piperno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es caracterizar y dar elementos para la acción en las áreas inundables de la ciudad de Bella Unión. Si bien las inundaciones no generan una situación de desastre, afectan fuertemente la economía local, impactando sobre sectores muy vulnerables de la población. El área inundable se ha visto incrementada a partir de 1979 por la puesta en funcionamiento de la represa de Salto Grande. Las acciones de indemnización se presentan como una oportunidad para realizar estudios pormenorizados de la zona y definir acciones convergentes e integrales para gestionar estas áreas. Se desarrolla una metodología basada en el análisis de la interacción del sistema hídrico con el sistema territorial, que permite reconocer los distintos niveles de riesgo de la zona afectada y los impactos asociados, considerando tanto el nivel de la amenaza como la vulnerabilidad de sus pobladores. El análisis incorpora igualmente las potencialidades de la zona, de forma de incorporar el río al imaginario colectivo de la ciudad.This study aims to characterize and provide items to operate in flooded areas of Bella Union city. Although floodings cannot be defined as disasters, they strongly affect the local economy, as they have an impact on vulnerable sectors of the population. Its floodplain has increased since 1979 by the installation of Salto Grande dam. Compensation actions arepresented as an opportunity for developing detailed studies of the area and definingfurther con vergent and integrated actions to manage these areas. The methodology is based on the analysis of the interaction of water and territorial systems, recognizing different levels of risk in the affected area and the associated impacts. It considers both the level of hazard and vulnerability of its inhabitants. It also recognizes the potential of the area to incorporate the river to the city's collective imaginary.

  7. Comportamiento in vitro del colágeno de la unión amelodentinaria en premolares humanos sometidos a altas temperaturas

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    Sebastián Medina

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento in vitro del colágeno de la unión amelo-dentinaria en premolares humanos sometidos a altas temperaturas. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo pseudo-experimental in vitro de corte transversal que determinó, a través de microscopía electrónica de barrido, el comportamiento físico del colágeno de la unión amelodentinaria en 60 premolares humanos sometidos a altas temperaturas (200°C, 400°C, 600°C, 800°C y 1.000°C, para proporcionar evidencia científica que permita emplear la separación del esmalte y la dentina como un marcador fehaciente repetitivo de utilidad en los procesos de identificación odontológica y documentación de la necropsia médico-legal para el caso de cadáveres o restos humanos que resulten quemados, carbonizados o incinerados. Resultados: Se observa que el diseño micro-estructural del patrón reticular de colágeno de la dentina en relación con los cristales de hidroxiapatita resulto afectado conforme aumentaba la temperatura. Conclusiones: En conjunto, la alteración del patrón reticular del colágeno y los cambios micro-estructurales de la hidroxiapatita de calcio (fusión y sinterización de las nano-esferas de fosfato octa-cálcico de la dentina y del esmalte, explican la separación gradual y progresiva de estos dos tejidos a nivel de la unión amelo-dentinaria.

  8. Análisis de la integración y dependencia de las políticas monetarias de la Unión Europea

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    María del Carmen González Velasco

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se efectúa un análisis de la integración y dependencia de las políticas monetarias de la Unión Europea y, en concreto, de las políticas monetarias de la Unión Económica yMonetaria y de la zona no euro para el periodo comprendido entre Enero de 1999 y Septiembre 2009. Se aplica la metodología de la cointegración de Engle y Granger (1987 y de Johansen(1988 para contrastar la hipótesis de la paridad de tipos de interés no cubierta y se llega a la conclusión de que ambas políticas están cointegradas porque mantienen una relación de equilibrio a largo plazo. También se deduce una dependencia de la política del Banco de Inglaterra de la política del Banco Central Europeo, lo que confirma la importancia y el liderazgo de la Unión Económica y Monetaria.This study is to investigate the long-run relationship and dependence between the UME´s monetary policy and non-euro zone´s monetary policy for the period from January 4, 1999 to September 30, 2009. We use cointegration methodology to test the Uncovered Interest Parity Hypothesis and the results indicate a long-run cointegration and empirical evidence testifies a leader-follower pattern between the two central banks. According to this pattern, the Bank of England does follow the European Central Bank.

  9. El sentimiento de inseguridad en la Unión Europea. Una aproximación desde las encuestas de opinión pública El sentimiento de inseguridad en la Unión Europea. Una aproximación desde las encuestas de opinión pública

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    Jesús Ignacio Martínez Paricio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Security and insecurity relate to a real rate of crime and misdemeanour against people and things. Subjective perception of security and insecurity plays a fundamental role in public opinion. Insecurity, as a feeling, has to do more with subjectivity than with objectivity. Terrorism leads to terror, and terror creates the collective and individual state of mind. Security and insecurity are a result of the model of society. Usually, the insecurity paces ahead of the means that are put to reduce it and to control it. It is not easy to measure the objective insecurity, not all the crimes are declared and it is not so long since the statistical registrations began to apply in a coherent way. It is not easy to analyse tendencies, neither to do comparisons with other countries. Crime and misdemeanour are interpreted and evaluated in a different way. For this reason and as a first way to approach such an important object, the subjective perception of security and insecurity in the European Union before its enlargement has been measured using the surveys of public opinion.La seguridad y la inseguridad se sustentan en una realidad de delitos y faltas cometidos contra las personas y las cosas. A partir de esa realidad se construye otra, de carácter subjetivo, que desempeña un papel fundamental en la opinión pública. El sentimiento de inseguridad, o de seguridad, tiene que ver más con lo segundo [subjetividad], que con lo primero [objetividad] El terrorismo crea terror, y es el terror el que crea el estado de ánimo individual y colectivo. La seguridad y la inseguridad son resultado del modelo de sociedad. Normalmente la inseguridad va por delante de los medios que se ponen para reducirla y controlarla. No es fácil medir la inseguridad objetiva, no todos los delitos se declaran y los registros estadísticos se han comenzado a aplicar de manera coherente no hace tanto tiempo. No resulta fácil elaborar tendencias, ni tampoco hacer comparaciones con

  10. El futuro no es un camino de rosas : las regiones periféricas europeas ante la unión económica y monetaria

    OpenAIRE

    Alburquerque Llorens, Francisco; Curbelo, José Luis

    1991-01-01

    Cuando los editores de mapas están suspendiendo sus ediciones ante la celeridad e incertidumbre con la que se suceden los procesos de redefinición de fronteras en la Europa del Este, puede resultar paradójico reflexionar acerca del impacto del proceso de Unión Económica y Monetaria (UEM) sobre las regiones de la Comunidad Económica Europea, y más concretamente sobre las hipotecas, posibilidades y transformaciones que el citado proceso impone a la política de desarrollo de...

  11. Guía de orientación en autoestima a las madres solteras del sector la Unión de la comunidad de Zumbahuayco

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    En el sector la Unión de la comunidad de Zumbahuayco de la provincia del Cañar, zona agrícola habitada por 60 familias aproximadamente, se trabajó con las madres solteras y sus familias; se evidenció cierta resistencia por parte de la comunidad a esta realidad, se identificaron además problemas relacionados con la afectividad, emociones, salud sexual y reproductiva en dicha población. Por lo cual se propone la presente guía de orientación en autoestima para madres solteras, utilizando técnica...

  12. La Unión Europea ante Cuba y Colombia: de buenas intenciones y altas esperanzas a notables contradicciones y grandes frustraciones

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín ROY

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: El autor generaliza, a partir del caso colombiano y cubano, las dificultades y contradicciones de la política exterior común europea, salvo cuando sus acciones políticas se dirigen hacia América Latina, y cuando el eje de una decisión está orientada hacia una postura errónea de Estados Unidos, especialmente si es perjudicial para los intereses colectivos de la Unión Europea y/o de alguno de los Estados miembros. A su vez, bajo el marco de las relaciones internacionales, describe los ...

  13. Direito da União Europeia e Direito da Integração = European Union Rights and Integration Right

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    Kallas, Fernanda Marcos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O advento da globalização proporcionou várias formas de aproximação entre os diversos países do mundo. Grande parte dos países se uniu numa tentativa de se fortalecer economicamente, resultando assim nas integrações econômicas. O presente artigo visa expli citar de forma clara e objetiva os sistemas implantados pela União Europeia e pelo Mercosul, no ensaio de se promoverem conforme seus contextos políticos e sociais

  14. Más allá de la administración ambiental: la buena gobernanza en la Unión Europea

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    Silvia Jaquenod de Zsögön

    2012-01-01

    en el marco de la Unión Europea, integrando instrumentos eficaces para alcanzar un desarrollo compatible y equilibrado hacia el bienestar general. Herramientas tales como estrategias, planificación y legislación, sistemas de gestión y auditoría ambiental, fomento de los acuerdos voluntarios, política integrada de los productos y de contratación pública respetuosa con el ambiente, promoción de la utilización de la etiqueta ecológica. En definitiva: responsabilidad más allá del mero compromiso.

  15. Entre los valores y los intereses. Las relaciones entre América Latina y la Unión Europea tras el golpe de Honduras

    OpenAIRE

    SANAHUJA, José Antonio

    2010-01-01

    El golpe de Estado en Honduras plantea un desafío para los actores extrarregionales como la Unión Europea. Aunque la ue condenó rápidamente la asonada militar y dispuso sanciones al gobierno de facto, demostrando la veloz reacción comunitaria en materia de política exterior, con el paso del tiempo comenzaron a registrarse algunas ambigüedades, motivadas por el cálculo geopolítico y el temor a la influencia de Hugo Chávez. A partir del caso Honduras, el artículo analiza las relaciones entre la...

  16. La Unión Europea ante Cuba y Colombia: de buenas intenciones y altas esperanzas a notables contradicciones y grandes frustraciones

    OpenAIRE

    Joaquín ROY

    2009-01-01

    RESUMEN: El autor generaliza, a partir del caso colombiano y cubano, las dificultades y contradicciones de la política exterior común europea, salvo cuando sus acciones políticas se dirigen hacia América Latina, y cuando el eje de una decisión está orientada hacia una postura errónea de Estados Unidos, especialmente si es perjudicial para los intereses colectivos de la Unión Europea y/o de alguno de los Estados miembros. A su vez, bajo el marco de las relaciones internacionales, describe los ...

  17. Influência do operador e agente cimentante na resistência de união de pinos de fibra de vidro à dentina radicular

    OpenAIRE

    Giovana Mongruel Gomes

    2010-01-01

    O propósito desse estudo foi avaliar a influência do operador e do sistema de cimentação na resistência de união (RU) de pino de fibra de vidro à dentina radicular nos diferentes terços radiculares. Quarenta e oito incisivos centrais superiores humanos extraídos foram seccionados transversalmente imediatamente após a junção cemento-esmalte, e as raízes foram tratadas endodonticamente. Após uma semana, foi realizado o preparo padronizado dos condutos, e as raízes foram aleatoriamente ...

  18. El Liderazgo de las potencias secundarias en el regionalismo latinoamericano os casos de Venezuela y Chile en la Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR) /

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz Luquis, Julio A.

    2015-01-01

    Descripció del recurs: 17 de desembre de 2015 La presente disertación se titula El Papel de las Potencias Secundarias en el regionalismo latinoamericano: los casos de Venezuela y Chile en la Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (UNASUR) y se enfoca en las teorías de balance de poder y de las potencias secundarias que se encuentran en la literatura de las Relaciones Internacionales, como su aplicación en el análisis de la construcción de instituciones regionales en América del Sur. A pesar del i...

  19. Influencia de sistemas adesivos sobre a resistencia a tração da união amalgama de prata-cimento de ionomero de vidro

    OpenAIRE

    Mauro Antonio de Arruda Nobilo

    1993-01-01

    Resumo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro a resistência à tração da união amálgama de prata-cimento de ionômero de vidro, sob a influência de sistemas adesivos. Foram confeccionados corpos de prova com diferentes dimensões para cada material em matrizes cilindricas de Teflon, possuindo na região central uma cavidade de formato tronco-cônico retentivo. A base ionomérica foi confeccionada com cimento de ionômero de vidro VID ION F. Após o acondiciomento do sistema adesivo e perfeita ...

  20. Evolució del motiu d'unió de la proteïna LexA al Domini Bacteria

    OpenAIRE

    Mazón i Busquets, Gerard

    2004-01-01

    Consultable des del TDX Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada El sistema SOS és una xarxa multigénico induïble davant del dany al DNA. Les seves funcions estan relacionades amb la replicació, reparació del DNA, mutagènesi I control del cicle cel·lular. Aquesta xarxa ha estat caracteritzada per diferents bacteris grampositius i gramnegatius, trobant-se per a tots ells un motiu d'unió del seu repressor, la proteïna LexA. El present treball de Tesi es centra en la caracterització del ...