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Sample records for ultrasonografi ved dyp

  1. Purification and characterization of two DyP isozymes from Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1 specifically expressed in an air-membrane surface bioreactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimokawa, Takuya; Shoda, Makoto; Sugano, Yasushi

    2009-02-01

    DyP isozymes (DyP2 and DyP3) from the culture fluid of the fungus Thanatephorus cucumeris Dec 1 by air-membrane surface bioreactor were purified and characterized. The characteristics of DyP2 were almost the same as those of a recombinant DyP reported previously, but different from DyP3.

  2. BEGJÆRET ETTER BERGETS DYP OG FJELLETS TINDER: OM SIDER VED DET DIKTERISKE FUNDAMENT HOS IBSEN OG HAMSUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Even Arntzen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Even though Knut Hamsun stubbornly denied it, all his life he had a strong and ambivalent interest for Henrik Ibsen. Quite well known are Hamsun's many attacks on Ibsen in articles and lectures, letters and novels. Less known is that there are several coinciding (intertextual motifs between Ibsen and Hamsun. In several of Ibsen's plays and poems the mountain motif is associated with poetic vocation and a descent and entry into an enclosed world of fantasy and imagination. The mountain motif is for sure attached to a form of penetration into a supernatural and demonic underworld, but also related to an upward and vertical movement, towards light, air and literary clarity. One finds strong traces of this double Ibsenian movement also in Hamsun's authorship, for example in the novels Pan and In Wonderland. But Hamsun seems to exceed Ibsen: in Hamsun's literary universe, the mountain motif is also linked to a revitalized dream of happiness, joy and an existential demand of exceeding oneself in the direction of a more authentic way of being human in the modern world.

  3. Perubahan Ketebalan Jaringan Fibroglandular pada Pemeriksaan Ultrasonografi Payudara Perempuan Menopause yang Mendapat Terapi Hormon Tibolon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viscanita Viscanita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan terapi hormon memiliki efek samping pada payudara yang dapat terdeteksi pada ultrasonografi (USG berupa peningkatan ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular yang berhubungan dengan peningkatan risiko kanker payudara. Hingga saat ini masih terdapat kontroversi mengenai efek samping terapi hormon tibolon terhadap payudara. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perubahan ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular setelah terapi hormon tibolon. Penelitian ini berlangsung dari bulan Desember 2013 hingga Agustus 2015 di Departemen Radiologi RSUPN dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo dengan desain penelitian berupa studi kuasi eksperimental dengan amandemen berupa pengambilan data USG payudara sebelum dan sesudah terapi hormone tibolon. Pengukuran dengan USG payudara dilakukan di empat regio (superior, inferior, medial dan lateral yang kemudian dilakukan analisis terhadap rerata perubahan ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular sebelum dan sesudah terapi hormone tibolon. Dari 40 subjek yang dianalisis, terdapat 36 subjek yang mengalami peningkatan ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular. Terdapat  perbedaan bermakna (p<0,001 pada ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular payudara sebelum dan sesudah 3 bulan pemberian tibolon. Indeks massa tubuh (p = 0,020 dan riwayat kontrasepsi hormonal (p=0,015 merupakan faktor yang memengaruhi peningkatan ketebalan jaringan fibroglandular payudara sesudah terapi hormon tibolon. Sedangkan paritas, usia melahirkan anak pertama, riwayat menyusui, usia menarke, usia menopause dan riwayat kontrasepsi hormonal tidak berhubungan. Kata kunci: terapi hormon, tibolon, ketebalan jaringan fibrogandular payudara   Changes in Fibroglandular Tissue on Breast Ultrasound in Postmenopausal Women Undergoing Tibolon Hormone Abstract Theuse of hormone therapy has side effects in the breast which detected on ultrasound by increasing the thickness of breast fibroglandular tissue associated with increased risk of breast. Until now there is still controversy regarding the

  4. Computertomografi anvendt ved retsmedicinske obduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Christoffersen, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion: Billeddiagnostiske metoder er ved at vinde indpas ved retsmedicinske obduktioner. Her redegøres for vores erfaringer med computertomografi (CT) ved retslægelige dødsfald. Materiale og metoder: Retrospektiv dobbeltblindet undersøgelse af 150 afdøde mennesker som blev CT-scannet og ob...

  5. Pressestivhed ved Verikal Belansning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paludan-Withen, Carsten; Marstrand, Jonas

    Dette projekt er udarbejdet som et polyteknisk midtvejsprojekt på Institut for Produktion og Ledelse. Det indgår som en del af EU-projektet Impress [1.], der drejer sig om at bestemme produktionspressers udbøjning under forskellige belastninger. Grundlaget for dette er, at man ved at kende en...

  6. Etiske betragtninger ved supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard; Agerskov, Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet præsenterer nogle etiske betragtninger ved supervision. Mens der længe har eksisteret etiske retningslinjer for psykoterapeutisk arbejde, har der overraskende nok manglet tilsvarende vejledninger på supervisionsområdet. Det betyder imidlertid ikke, at de ikke er relevante. I kapitlet gøres...

  7. Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejer Jakobsen, Henning; Rebsdorf, S.O.

    og brugbar forståelse af hele skabelsesprocessen. Idestigen med Tanke - Ide - Løsning er hele grundlaget, og med introduktionen til Creative Idea Solution (CIS) gives læseren en konkret model for, hvordan en proces på grænsen af kaos kan blive til en kontrolleret forandringsproces. Det normative......Med begrebsdefinitioner og en solid videnskabsteoretisk fundering viser "Ideudvikling ved kreativ innovation" både hvorfor kreativitet og innovation er vigtigt, men også hvordan systematisk ideudvikling er muligt. Begreberne perspektiveres ved en historisk og normativ anskuelse, der giver en bred...... udgangspunkt er garant for at bogen aldrig bliver uvedkommende eller kan afskrives som endnu en publikation med overforbrug af buzzwords. Bogen efterlader læseren med en følelse af lige at være vågnet, og det nyopdagede potentiale skal nu udnyttes systematisk....

  8. Bivirkninger ved brintpiller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rasmus Zink; Klerke, Asbjørn; Christensen, Claus H.

    2008-01-01

    Hvad nu? Indrømmer forskerne fra DTU nu selv, at der er bivirkninger ved de brintpiller, som er blevet så berømte? Svaret er Ja. Faktisk er der en væsentlig bivirkning, som på kort sigt kan få større betydning, end brintpillernes evner til at lagre brint. Det forholder sig nemlig så heldigt, at b...

  9. Omkommet ved Brand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

      Afhandlingen består af tre delundersøgelser. Den første undersøgelse er en hypotesegenererende case-only undersøgelse af branddødsfald i hele landet i 1953-57 og 1988-92. I de to perioder omkom henholdsvis136 og 362 personer ved brandulykker. Mange af de omkomne var alkoholpåvirkede eller...

  10. Halsgreb ved kampsport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind

    2015-01-01

    ”, hvor en person lægger armen rundt om halsen bagfra og presser underarmen vinkelret ind mod halsens forside. ”Carotid sleeper” har sit navn, fordi det medfører bevidstløshed, som indtræder indenfor 10 sekunder. Bevidstheden gen-vindes indenfor 10-20 sekunder. Halspulsårerne kan aflukkes ved et tryk på...

  11. Behandlingsmuligheder ved xerostomi og hyposalivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Siri Beier; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge

    2011-01-01

    Behandlingsmuligheder ved nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi For at kunne iværksætte adækvat lindring og behandling af nedsat spytsekretion og xerostomi bør det tilstræbes, at den tilgrundliggende årsag i videst muligt omfang er forsøgt diagnosticeret. I en del tilfælde er det dog ikke muligt at u...... infektioner, særlig oral candidose. Hvis det drejer sig om lægemiddelinduceret xerostomi og nedsat spytsekretion, kan en effektiv, lindrende behandlingsstrategi være af stor betydning for at sikre overholdelse af lægemiddelindtagelsen....

  12. Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke

    2013-01-01

    Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones......Blogindlæg på videnskab.dk, kaldt "Hvad er fantastisk ved HBO-serien Game of Thrones?" om HBO tv-serien Game of Thrones...

  13. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønvold, Mogens

    2008-01-01

    I denne artikel gennemgås metoder, erfaringer og resultater fra livskvalitetsforskningen på kræftområdet, og der opstilles anbefalinger. Forskningen har omfattet deskriptive undersøgelser, endemål i kliniske undersøgelser, prognostiske studier og klinisk anvendelse af livskvalitetsskemaer. Der vu...... vurderes at være behov for yderligere livskvalitetsundersøgelser ved alle kræftformer og -behandlinger, men de bør kun foretages, når de tilstrækkelige resurser er til stede, da kun velgennemførte studier er af værdi. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Mar-3...

  14. Epidemiologi ved systemisk lupus erythematosus (SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge-Margrethe Gilboe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Det er utført få epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge. De studier som er utført viser liknende hyppighet og forekomst av SLE i Norge som i de øvrige nordiske land og forekomst av mild sykdom med en lav andel av alvorlig indre organ manifestasjoner. Insidens og prevalens er kartlagt i Nord-Norge visende en lavere insidens enn i de øvrige nordiske land, mens prevalensen er sammenliknbar. Tall fra Sverige tyder på stabil insidens, men økende prevalens, forenelig med økt overlevelse. Norske og nordiske studier viser høy kvinneandel og sammenliknbar alder ved diagnose. Studiene tyder på en høyere alder ved diagnose i Skandinavia enn i USA og England. Ut fra de nordiske studier er overlevelsen ved SLE god, selv om den er lavere enn i den generelle befolkningen. Overlevelse i de nordiske og europeiske land er sammenliknbare.Selv om overlevelsen ved SLE er betydelig bedret over tid utgjorde aktiv SLE og infeksjoner 50% av dødsårsakene i den danske mortalitetsstudien. Aterosklerotisk hjerte-karsykdom var en hyppig dødsårsak i alle studiene. Kardiovaskulær sykdom som hovedårsak til død ved SLE er påvist i den store internasjonale studien hvor pasienter fra Island og Sverige deltok og i andre europeiske og internasjonale studier. Betydelig økt risiko for hjerteinfarkt hos unge SLE-kvinner i Sverige er også påvist tidligere i internasjonale studier og styrker teorien om at SLE per ce er en selvstendig risikofaktor for aterosklerose. Det er ønskelig med flere epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge.There has been few studies on the epidemiology of SLE in Norway. The studies that have been conducted show similar frequency and occurence of SLE in Norway in comparison to the other Nordic countries, and mainly occurence of mild disease with only a low proportion suffering severe internal organ involvement. Studies on incidence and prevalence in the northern part of Norway show a lower incidence than in other Nordic countries, but a

  15. Sundhedsorganisatorisk læreprocesser ved IKT-implementering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle

    Præsenteret d. 15 november 2005 ved reception for Kroghstræde 1 og E-Learning Lab: Center for brugerdreven Innovation, design and Learning. Institut for Kommunikation, Det humanistiske Fakultet, Aalborg Universitet......Præsenteret d. 15 november 2005 ved reception for Kroghstræde 1 og E-Learning Lab: Center for brugerdreven Innovation, design and Learning. Institut for Kommunikation, Det humanistiske Fakultet, Aalborg Universitet...

  16. Ansvar for mangler ved salg af nedlagte landbrugsejendomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edlund, Hans Henrik

    1999-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres for, at loven om forbrugerbeskyttelse ved erhvervelse af fast ejendom m.v. som udgangspunkt ikke gælder for fast ejendom undergivet landbrugspligt, og reglerne for, i hvilke tilfælde og hvornår landbrugspligten bortfalder, gennemgås. Dernæst vurderes muligheden for, at sælger...... af nedlagte landbrugsejendomme alligevel kan aftale med købere, at loven skal gælde, således at sælgerne opnår ansvarsfrihed for faktiske mangler ved bygningerne, selv om landbrugspligten (endnu) ikke er bortfaldet....

  17. Cyberangreb vil blive ved med at koste kassen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørholst, Henrik

    2018-01-01

    Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler.......Klumme. Oprydningen kostede næsten to mia. kr., da A.P. Møller-Mærsk sidste år blev udsat for et cyberangreb. En stribe andre virksomheder blev også ramt. Den ikoniske virksomhed klarede sig ved bl.a. at bruge WhatsApp og andre kommunikationskanaler....

  18. Adfærdsændringer og omkostninger ved FFT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scavenius Sonne-Schmidt, Christoffer; Lindberg, Malene Rudolf

    2018-01-01

    Implementering af en ny indsats indebærer en afvejning af gevinster og omkostninger. Denne sammenfatning beskriver unges og voksnes udvikling henover et indsatsforløb med FFT og vurderer omkostningerne ved at implementere og drive et FFT-team. Dette er sammenfatning del I. Her opsummeres resultat...

  19. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    Denne artikel fortsætter gennemgangen og vurderingen af argumentationen, i  IASBs  diskussions-rapport (DP) om mulige målegrundlag, der kan benyttes ved første indregning. DP'et peger entydigt på, at aktiver og forpligtelser bør måles til fair values, såfremt disse kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt...

  20. Genetablering af skov på stormfaldsarealer ved naturlig foryngelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunner, Andreas; Petersen, Flemming Rune

    foryngelse i forsøget blev registreret intensivt de første fire år efter stormfaldet i 1999. Resultaterne er foreløbige på grund af den korte tidshorisont, men viser, at det er muligt at genetablere skov på stormfaldsarealer ved hjælp af naturlig foryngelse. Foryngelsen kan i vid udstrækning bygge på de...

  1. Strømmålinger for ny forbindelse over Limfjorden i Lindholmlinien ved Aalborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.; Larsen, Torben

    På foranledning af "Undersøgelsesgruppen af 1. maj 1975", repræsenteret ved Rambøll og Hannemann A/S, Nørresundby har laboratoriet i november og december udført en række strømmålinger i området mellem Egholm og jernbanebroen i Limfjorden ved Aalborg med henblik på at fremskaffe et grundlag...... for vurderingen af besejlingsforholdene ved en kommende ny forbindelse over limfjorden ved lindholmlinien. Ved undersøgelsens planlægning har medvirket civilingeniør J. C. Schmidt, Rambøll og Hannemann A/S, ingeniørdocent H. F. Burchart og civilingeniør Torben Larsen. Herværende rapport er udarbejdet af Torben...

  2. Bør leger ha reservasjonsrett ved assistert befruktning?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Magelssen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Omfanget av helsepersonells reservasjonsrett har nylig vært gjenstand for debatt i Norge. Vi spør om leger bør ha reservasjonsrett ved utførelse og henvisning til assistert befruktning, og drøfter argumenter for og imot ved hjelp av et rammeverk med sju kriterier for vurdering av reservasjon. Reservasjonsrettens grunnleggende dilemma er hvordan to viktige hensyn, henholdsvis pasientens rett til behandling og hensynet til helsepersonellets moralske integritet, best kan ivaretas. Det argumenteres for at leger bør ha rett til å reservere seg mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning generelt hvis begrunnelsen er hensynet til befruktede eggs moralske verdi. Videre finner vi at leger også kan ha en moralsk rett til reservasjon mot å utføre, assistere ved og henvise til assistert befruktning for likekjønnede, men da på nærmere spesifiserte vilkår.Nøkkelord: reservasjonsrett, assistert befruktning, samvittighet, moralsk integritetEnglish summary: Should physicians have the right to conscientiously object to assisted reproduction?The extent of the healthcare worker's right to conscientious objection has recently been debated in Norway. This article asks whether physicians should have a right to conscientious objection to the performance of, and referral for, assisted reproduction, and discusses arguments for and against the same, utilizing a framework of seven criteria for the evaluation of conscientious objection. The fundamental dilemma of conscientious objection is how two important considerations can be reconciled: the patient's right to treatment, and the protection of the healthcare worker's moral integrity. It is argued that physicians should have the right to object to performing, assisting with, and referring for assisted reproduction generally when the objection is grounded in the moral value of the embryo. Furthermore, physicians may also have a moral right to object to performing, assisting with, and

  3. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1997

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, P.; Riget, F.; Asmund, G.

    Produktionen i bly-zink minevirksomheden i Maarmorilik ophørte i 1990. Miljøtilstanden i området er siden blevet undersøgt årligt ved indsamling og analyse for bly og zink i havvand samt lav og dyr fra området. Denne rapport præsenterer resulta-terne af de undersøgelser, som blev udført i 1997. I...... forhold til tidligere år var undersøgelserne i 1997 af mindre omfang, idet nogle elementer i det undersøgelsesprogram, som er planlagt udført efter minens lukning, ikke udføres hvert år. Spredning af bly og zink med støv fra minevirksomheden er undersøgt ved at indsamle og analysere lavarten Cetraria...... fleste tilfælde tydeligt lavere end i det lav, der naturligt vokser på den pågældende station. Forklaringen herpå er sandsynligvis, at det bly og zink der måles i naturligt voksende lav er akkumuleret i lavet over flere år, mens det der måles i transplanteret lav fortrinsvis repræsenterer det metal, der...

  4. Energi- og miljøvurdering ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holleris Petersen, E.

    En afprøvning af pc-værktøjet BEAT 2000's viser, at BEAT 2000 er et velegnet værktøj, der umiddelbart kan anvendes til energi- og miljøvurdering af renoveringssager. BEAT 2000 er afprøvet dels på renovering med energibesparende foranstaltninger i form af solfangere, solvægge og ventilationsanlæg...... med varmegenvinding, dels på mere traditionel renovering af små, utidssvarende lejligheder. En udbygning af datagrundlaget, især for alternative energibesparende løsninger og de materialer, der indgår, vil kunne reducere tidsforbruget ved definition af de utraditionelle og usædvanlige bygningsdele...

  5. Fair values ved første indregning i regnskabet?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thinggaard, Frank; Nilsson, Sven-Arne

    2007-01-01

    IASB har publiceret en diskussionsrapport, i hvilken mulige målegrundlag, der kan anvendes ved første indregning i regnskabet, bliver afvejet i forhold til hinanden. Rapporten konkluderer, at fair values så vidt muligt bør anvendes, såfremt disse værdier kan opgøres tilstrækkeligt pålideligt. I...... modsat fald skal virksomhederne vælge et målegrundlag som substitut for fair values, der kan opgøres pålideligt. Substituttet skal være mest mulig konsistent med fair values, og anvendes på en måde, som bedst muligt afspejler det, som en måling til fair value sigter efter (the fair value measurement...

  6. Karpaltunnelsyndrom: Prognostiske og økonomiske forhold ved endoskopisk operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meldgaard, Anette

    Formål: At identificere prognostiske faktorer for genoptagelse af arbejde og normalisering af funktions¬niveau efter endoskopisk operation for karpaltunnelsyndrom. At vurdere de økonomiske konse¬kvenser i forhold til traditionel åben operation i en cost-effectiveness analyse med sparede syge......-tions¬tilfredshed samt symptom- og funktionsscore blev udfyldt. Udfra en simpel erhvervskorrigeret OR blev de signifikante prognostiske faktorer identificeret ved multipel logistisk regression. Her-udover blev der gennemført en cost-effectiveness analyse af endoskopisk operation i forhold til kon-ventionel åben...... operation. Effekten beregnedes som et vægtet gennemsnit af forskellen i antal post-operative sygedage estimeret i randomiserede kliniske undersøgelser af endoskopisk operation versus åben operation. Resultater: Den gennemsnitlige funktionsscore faldt fra 2,3 til 1,4 postoperativt (SD 0,8) og den gen...

  7. Life and consciousness – The Vedāntic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter — and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself – omne vivum ex vivo – life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  8. Life and consciousness - The Vedāntic view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanta, Bhakti Niskama

    2015-01-01

    In the past, philosophers, scientists, and even the general opinion, had no problem in accepting the existence of consciousness in the same way as the existence of the physical world. After the advent of Newtonian mechanics, science embraced a complete materialistic conception about reality. Scientists started proposing hypotheses like abiogenesis (origin of first life from accumulation of atoms and molecules) and the Big Bang theory (the explosion theory for explaining the origin of universe). How the universe came to be what it is now is a key philosophical question. The hypothesis that it came from Nothing (as proposed by Stephen Hawking, among others), proves to be dissembling, since the quantum vacuum can hardly be considered a void. In modern science, it is generally assumed that matter existed before the universe came to be. Modern science hypothesizes that the manifestation of life on Earth is nothing but a mere increment in the complexity of matter - and hence is an outcome of evolution of matter (chemical evolution) following the Big Bang. After the manifestation of life, modern science believed that chemical evolution transformed itself into biological evolution, which then had caused the entire biodiversity on our planet. The ontological view of the organism as a complex machine presumes life as just a chance occurrence, without any inner purpose. This approach in science leaves no room for the subjective aspect of consciousness in its attempt to know the world as the relationships among forces, atoms, and molecules. On the other hand, the Vedāntic view states that the origin of everything material and nonmaterial is sentient and absolute (unconditioned). Thus, sentient life is primitive and reproductive of itself - omne vivum ex vivo - life comes from life. This is the scientifically verified law of experience. Life is essentially cognitive and conscious. And, consciousness, which is fundamental, manifests itself in the gradational forms of all

  9. Business information literacy: informasjonskompetanse ved Handelshøyskolen BI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Gimse

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available For å bli en informasjonskompetent student innenfor en internasjonal akademisk handelshøgskole, er det spesielle ferdigheter man må opparbeide seg. Det er ikke de samme kravene til hva en må kunne ved Odontologisk fakultet som ved BI, så heller ikke i bibliotekets sfære. De ferdighetene vi er på jakt etter å utvikle hos våre studenter er generiske for handelshøyskoler verden over, men allikevel er begrepet ”Business Information Literacy” et ganske nytt begrep, og som så mye annet hentet fra USA. Vi synes det er et spennende begrep, all den tid det definerer hva som er kravene, utover den enkelte handelshøyskoles sfære. Vi tror at det kommer til å etableres en standard for denne kompetansen i USA snart, men før dette er klart har vi sett på hva begrepet betyr for oss. Det har nemlig ledet oss mot en særegen undervisnings- og bibliotekpedagogikk. Tilføyelsen ”Business” til begrepet informasjonskompetanse kommer selvsagt på toppen av den generelle definisjonen, som vi også ”bekjenner” oss til og prøver å utvikle hos våre studenter og faglige. Begrepet springer ut av BIs fagområder der kravene til ”Business Information Literacy” kan innebære: • Kunne innhente emnespesifikk fag- og forskningslitteratur i relevante bibliografiske kilder • Kunne innhente makroøkonomiske data nasjonalt og internasjonalt • Kunne innhente forbrukerdemografiske data • Kunne innhente data typiske for markedsanalyse • Kunne innhente data innen bedrifts- industri- og bransjeanalyse • Kunne innhente finansielle data • Kunne bruke juridiske kilder • Kunne inkorporere funn i egne oppgaver etter akademisk standard Hva gjør vi for å utvikle disse ferdighetene hos våre studenter? Hvilke tiltak setter vi verk? Hva gjør handelshøyskoler verden over? Mange bibliotek utvikler i dag elæringsmateriale for å kunne nå det store antall studenter. Dette er også underveis hos oss.

  10. Oprensning af forureningen på depotet ved Høfde 42 ved hjælp af nul-valent jern

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjordbøge, Annika Sidelmann; Kjeldsen, Peter; Petersen, Peter Alfred

    Rapporten beskriver forsøg med nul-valent jern på forurenet vand og sediment fra depotet ved Høfde 42 på Harboøre Tange. Resultaterner viser, at parathion og malathion hurtigt og fuldstændigt bliver omdannet til langt mindre toksiske forbindelser, og endvidere nedbrydes mange af de tilstedeværende...

  11. Deepwater drilling; Jakten paa de store dyp

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Recent technological development has made it possible to drill for oil and gas at the impressive depth of 3000 metres. An increasing part of the world's oil and gas discoveries are made in deep or ultra deep waters. Ultra deep waters are those exceeding 1500 metres. Since drilling at more than 500 metres started at the end of the 1970s, 32 discoveries of about 500 million barrels of extractable oil or gas have been made. These finds amount to almost 60 thousand millions barrels of oil equivalents. Most of the effort has been made in the coasts between Brazil, West Africa and the Gulf of Mexico. Deepwater projects have been a field of priority for Norwegian oil companies in their search for international commissions. It is frequently time-consuming, expensive and technologically challenging to drill at great depths. The article describes the Atlantis concept, which may reduce the complexities and costs of deepwater activities. This involves making an artificial sea bottom, which in the form of an air-filled buoy is anchored at a depth of 200 - 300 metres. Production wells or exploration wells and risers are extended from the real bottom to the artificial one.

  12. Implementering af e-læring ved danske universiteter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Heiberg

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Første gang publiceret i UNEV nr. 6: Organisering af e-læring, oktober - december 2005, red. Jørgen Gomme, Birgitte heiberg, Jens Dørup og Ambrosia Hansen. ISSN 1603-5518.

    Lige siden de første computere kom til landet har der været projekter, som tilsigtede at understøtte undervisning og læring ved hjælp af IKT. Understøttelsen har varieret som en bred vifte af forskellige former for medieanvendelse og grader af interaktion. Tilsvarende er diverse former for IKT-støttet undervisning og læring med forskellige betegnelser dukket op: Computer-Based Training (CBT, Computer Assisted Learning (CAL, Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL, Web-based Learning (WBL, blended learning, online læring, fleksibel læring, fjernundervisning, distribueret og åben uddannelse, m. fl.

  13. Hvilken rolle spiller hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk?

    OpenAIRE

    Varem, Andrea; Nervik, Lene

    2017-01-01

    Temaet for denne bacheloroppgaven er hybrid shopping i kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk. Etter en omfattende gjennomgang av eksisterende teori rundt kundereisen fikk vi et inntrykk av at det er et gap i forskningen knyttet til kundereisen ved kjøp av kosmetikk, på tross av størrelsen på dette markedet. Det vi fant av teori på feltet var i stor grad basert på kvantitative undersøkelser, og vi ønsker derfor å belyse kundereisen i denne konteksten gjennom et kvalitativt forskningsdesign. Med ut...

  14. For bestemmelse af drivhusgasudledning ved udtagning/Ekstensivering af landbrugsjorder på kulstofrige lavbundsjorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gyldenkærne, Steen; Greve, Mogens Humlekrog

    Sammenfatning: Rapporten beskriver hvordan man kan beregne ændringen i drivhusgasemissionen ved omlægning af landbrugsjord til naturarealer. Rapporten er primært rettet mod tilskudsordningen vedr. udtagning af organiske lavbundsjorde, men kan også anvendes i andre sammenhænge. Rapporten anvender de...

  15. Miljøundersøgelser ved Maarmorilik 1999-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, P.; Asmund, G.; Johansen, P.

    I rapporten dokumenteres og vurderes forureningstilstanden ved den nedlagte blyzinkmine i Maarmorilik på baggrund af prøveindsamling i området i 1999 og 2000. Undersøgelserne viser, at der stadig frigives bly og zink fra kilder i området, men at miljøpåvirkningen efter minens lukning er betydeligt...

  16. Akutte dødsfald ved tvangsfastholdelse af svært hyperaktive personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Thomsen, Jørgen Lange

    2012-01-01

    må henføres til et syndrom som betegnes excited delirium syndrome (EDS), en akut indsættende tilstand karakteriseret ved en hyperaktiv og voldelig adfærd, næsten overmenneskelig styrke og immunitet for smerte. Obduktion viser ikke forandringer som kan forklare dødsfaldet. Årsagen til EDS er ukendt...

  17. Miljøoptimering af afvaskning ved tryk med vandfortyndbar flexotrykfarve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Helweg, Christian; Pedersen, Anne Rathmann

    Rapporten beskriver praksis ved afvaskning af vandfortyndbare flexotrykfarver i emballageindustrien og anviser muligheder for indførelse af renere teknologi til reduktion af spildevandsbelastningen. Anbefalingerne omfatter a) udformning af farveværker med henblik på effektiv tømning af farve og e...

  18. ABC and VED Analysis of the Pharmacy Store of a Tertiary Care Teaching, Research and Referral Healthcare Institute of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devnani, M; Gupta, Ak; Nigah, R

    2010-04-01

    The ABC and VED (vital, essential, desirable) analysis of the pharmacy store of Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India, was conducted to identify the categories of items needing stringent management control. The annual consumption and expenditure incurred on each item of pharmacy for the year 2007-08 was analyzed and inventory control techniques, i.e. ABC, VED and ABC-VED matrix analysis, were applied. The drug formulary of the pharmacy consisted of 421 items. The total annual drug expenditure (ADE) on items issued in 2007-08 was Rs. 40,012,612. ABC analysis revealed 13.78%, 21.85% and 64.37% items as A, B and C category items, respectively, accounting for 69.97%, 19.95% and 10.08% of ADE of the pharmacy. VED analysis showed 12.11%, 59.38% and 28.51% items as V, E, and D category items, respectively, accounting for 17.14%, 72.38% and 10.48% of ADE of the pharmacy. On ABC-VED matrix analysis, 22.09%, 54.63% and 23.28% items were found to be category I, II and III items, respectively, accounting for 74.21%, 22.23% and 3.56% of ADE of the pharmacy. The ABC and VED techniques need to be adopted as a routine practice for optimal use of resources and elimination of out-of-stock situations in the hospital pharmacy.

  19. Bedre ældrepleje - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Helle; Schjoldager, Helle Højbo

    Projektet (forløb efteråret 2008 - foråret 2009) havde til formål at give personalet ved boformer for borgere med demens indsigt i og redskaber til at kommunikere med borgeren på en for begge parter anerkendende måde - ved hjælp af Marte Meo metoden. Det konkluderes at implementering af Marte Meo...... metoden har medført, at personalet har udviklet deres samspil og kommunikation med borgerne på en måde, der synes at fremme borgerens trivsel, værdighed og livsglæde og dermed bidrage til en øget livskvalitet. En række faktorer der henholdsvis fremmer og hæmmer implementeringen af Marte Meo metoden...

  20. ABC-VED analysis of expendable medical stores at a tertiary care hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sushil; Chakravarty, A

    2015-01-01

    The modern system of medicine has evolved into a complex, sophisticated and expensive treatment modality in terms of cost of medicines and consumables. In any hospital, approximately 33% of total annual budget is spent on buying materials and supplies including medicines. ABC (Always, Better Control)-VED (Vital, Essential, Desirable) analysis of medical stores of a large teaching, tertiary care hospital of the Armed Forces was carried out to identify the categories of drugs needing focused managerial control. Annual consumption and expenditure data of expendable medical stores for one year was extracted from the drug expense book, followed by classification on its annual usage value. Subsequently, the factor of criticality was applied to arrive at a decision matrix for understanding the need for selective managerial control. The study revealed that out of 1536 items considered for the study, 6.77% (104), 19.27% (296) and 73.95% (1136) items were found to be A, B and C category items respectively. VED analysis revealed that vital items (V) accounted for 13.14% (201), essential items (E) for 56.37% (866) and desirable accounted for 30.49% items (469). ABC-VED matrix analysis of the inventory reveals that only 322 (21%) items out of an inventory of 1536 drugs belonging to category I will require maximum attention. Scientific inventory management tools need to be applied routinely for efficient management of medical stores, as it contributes to judicious use of limited resources and resultant improvement in patient care.

  1. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2013 (BU2013), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    Undersøgelserne er en fortsættelse af de afsluttende undersøgelser ved Bulbrogård fra 2012 og er en del af forskningsprojektet Førkristne Kultpladser ved forskningsprofessor Lars Jørgensen, Nationalmuseet. Lokaliteten blev opdaget i 1995 i forbindelse med forundersøgelsen på bopladsområdet ved Ti...

  2. Consciousness, Cognition and the Cognitive Apparatus in the Vedānta Tradition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, R.

    2011-01-01

    A human being is a complex entity consisting of the Self (also known as Consciousness), mind, senses and the body. The Vedānta tradition holds that the mind, the senses and the body are essentially different from the Self or Consciousness. It is through consciousness that we are able to know the things of the world, making use of the medium of the mind and the senses. Furthermore, the mind, though material, is able to reveal things, borrowing the light from consciousness. From the phenomenological point of view, we have to answer the following questions: how does one know the mind/the mental operations/the cogitations of the mind? Does the mind know itself? Is it possible? There is, again, the problem of the intentionality of consciousness. Is consciousness intentional? According to Vedānta, consciousness by its very nature is not intentional, but it becomes intentional through the mind. The mind or the ego is not part of the consciousness; on the contrary, it is transcendent to consciousness. It is difficult to spell out the relation between consciousness and the mind. How does consciousness, which is totally different from the mind, get related to the mind in such a way that it makes the latter capable of comprehending the things of the world? The Vedānta tradition provides the answer to this question in terms of the knower-known relation. Consciousness is pure light, self-luminous by its very nature, that is, although it reveals other objects, it is not revealed by anything else. When Sartre describes it as nothingness, bereft of even ego, it is to show that it is pure light revealing objects outside it. PMID:21694962

  3. Hvad ved vi? Hvad vil vi? Hvad gør vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Lisbeth Angela Lunde

    2011-01-01

    fokus på professionslæring og kompetenceudvikling i et livslangt læringsperspektiv. DEtte kan gøres ved at man i kommunerne tænker i tre forskellige former for mentoring de første to år.: en til en menoring, supervision og transparen det første år og gruppementoring det andet år efterfulgt af peer......-group mentoring de følgende år som led i dels den kommunale skoleudvikling, dels i lærernes fortsatte professionelle udvikling....

  4. Tilsetningsstoff og tekniske hjelpestoff ved produksjon av filet av hvitfisk. Faglig sluttrapport

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentzen, Grete Elisabeth

    2017-01-01

    Målsettingen med dette prosjektet har vært å øke den generelle kunnskapen om bruk av tilsetningsstoffer og tekniske hjelpestoffer ved produksjon av hvitfiskfilet. I prosjektet er det gjennomført et litteraturstudium på hvilken effekt ulike tilsetningsstoffer har på fiskefilet. Deretter er det laget en veileder hvor målet har vært å gi en lettfattet og oversiktlig informasjon om hvilke tilsetningsstoffer det er lov å bruke, hvilken effekt de har, og eksempler på praktisk bruk av tilsetningssto...

  5. Anvendelse af MIP ved kildekarakterisering og vurdering af nedbrydning af chlorerede opløsningsmidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Mette Martina; Janniche, Gry Sander; Damgaard, Ida

    2014-01-01

    Membrane Interface Probing (MIP) er et 'direct push' screeningsværktøj, som kan anvendes ved karakterisering af forurenede grunde. Karakterisering af kildeområder med chlorerede opløsningsmidler (som DNAPL) udgør et vigtigt led i udviklingen af den konceptuelle forståelse, som er essentiel...... for risikovurdering og valg af afværgestrategi. Integreret karakterisering med en række metoder for direkte såvel som indirekte dokumentation af DNAPL i moræneler, herunder MIP, er beskrevet i Kerrn-Jespersen et al. (2013). Det samlede DNAPL-karakteriseringsprojekt er beskrevet i detaljer i Janniche et al. (2013). En...... vurdering af anvendte detektorer for MIP er foretaget af Olsson (2013). Ved karakterisering af forurening med bl.a. chlorerede opløsningsmidler er der behov for en vurdering af forureningssammensætning og nedbrydning. Tilsvarende vurdering er nødvendig, når udviklingen af stimuleret reduktiv dechlorering...

  6. Internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland: Forskningsbaggrund og -design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2003-01-01

    Formålet med dette Working Paper er at fastlægge en metodologi for et kommende studium af de internationale kommunikationseffekter ved fremsendelse af danske vidensregnskaber på engelsk til kunder i Storbritannien og Tyskland. I det følgende afsnit vil der derfor blive redegjort generelt for, hvad...

  7. Infiltrationsanæstesi som postoperativ smertebehandling ved hoftenær femurfraktur - et igangværende studie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Rune Dueholm

    2008-01-01

    pertrochantær femurfraktur og collum femoris fraktur inkluderes. 50 patienter indgår i hver af de to diagnose-grupper (to delstudier). Ved randomisering tildeles patienterne hhv. Ropivacain eller placebo (NaCl), der gives som 1 peroperativ og 6 postoperative bolusinstillationer via et kateter, som fjernes efter...

  8. Monitering, modellering og miljøvurdering af fuldskala afværge af TCE fourening ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Claus; Lemming, Gitte; Janniche, Gry Sander

    På Sortebrovej 26 i Tommerup blev der i 2006 gennemført afværgeforanstaltninger ved stimuleret reduktiv deklorering (SRD) ved injektion af donor og bakterier i kildeområdet med henblik på at oprense en forurening med TCE. Kildeområdet befinder sig 10-20 m u. t. i sandet og opsprækket moræneler...... gunstige forhold for nedbrydning af de klorerede ethener ved reduktiv deklorering. Der ses da også en klar dominans af nedbrydningsprodukterne DCE og VC samt ethen og ethan i grundvandet. I nogle boringer, ses dog en stagnerende omsætning af TCE og DCE i grundvandet. Årsagen her til kan være, at donoren...... da også fordoblet fra 2008 til 2010. Der er observeret zoner med betydelig omsætning af TCE, hvor cis-DCE dominerer, og der ses generelt VC og ethen centralt i disse zoner. Koncentrationsniveauet af fermenteringsprodukter er aftaget og består ved en sandslire (B370 K1) alene af acetat og methan...

  9. Kommunikation ved brug af mobile enheder med digital video i idræt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langagergaard Rødbro, Lise; Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    I artiklen redegøres kort for et projekt, som førte frem til en videoplatform, der er et bud på et ’lukket YouTube’, hvor video filmet med smartphone direkte kan uploades til, og med funktioner specifikt udviklet til skolens idrætsundervisning. Med afsæt i systemisk kommunikationsteori analyseres...... observations- og interviewda-ta for at belyse den kommunikation, der foregår ved brug af platformen. Senere diskuteres resultaterne ud fra kommunikationstrekanten, og der skitseres en model for videostøttet undervisning i idræt ud fra Batesons kommunikations- og læringsniveauer. Gennem analyser af platformens...

  10. Ved du, hvad der er i dine varer, når du handler?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillip, Anja; Smith, Viktor

    2016-01-01

    I supermarkedet på vej hjem køber du ind til madpakken. Ved kølemontren med pålæg ser du en pakke Gårdlykke Hønsesalat. ... Måske vælger du den uden at tænke nærmere over hvorfor, eller fordi emballagen og navnet får hønsesalaten til at fremstå lokal, hjemmelavet eller økologisk. ... Alt dette ba...... bakkes op af resultaterne fra årelang forskning på CBS, hvor universitetets forskergruppe Fair-Speak har undersøgt emballagernes måde at påvirke forbrugerne til at købe produktet....

  11. Numerisk modellering af formfyldning ved støbning i selvkompakterende beton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spangenberg, Jon

    dækker over mange emner. I denne afhandling er der fokuseret på tre af dem ved hjælp af Finite Difference Method (FDM) / Finite Volume Method (FVM) baserede Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeller udviklet i både FLOW-3D og MATLAB. Den første undersøgelse fokuserer på de komplikationer der er knyttet...... til at forudse separation under fyldning i SKB støbninger. De to FDM/FVM baserede CFD modeller afviger fra hinanden via deres tilslags repræsentation, som var en diskret metode (envejs momentum kobling) for den første og en skalar metode for den anden. Det viste sig, at det var mindst omfattende...

  12. VEDS-Automated system for inspection of vehicles and containers for explosives and other threats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gozani, T.; Liu, F.; Sivakumar, M.

    2004-01-01

    Many parts of national infrastructures around the world are very vulnerable to terrorist threats in the form of large vehicle bombs. The larger bomb, the larger is the damage and its extent. The number of containers and vehicles crossing land or sea ports of entry is huge. Tough the probability is low, any vehicle may contain a threat. Any system addressing these enormous security tasks should obviously be based on excellent human intelligence to focus the attention on a much smaller number of high-risk containers and vehicles. These containers must then be subjected to a thorough and reliable inspection for the threats.Viable security system must incorporate a credible and effective inspection to achieve its purposes. It should have high performance and be operationally acceptable. This means the system must possess high detection capabilities, low false positive rate, fast response and provide automatic decision eliminating the need for human interpretation. Ancore has developed a range of new inspection devices, which are highly suitable for the above tasks. All the systems are automatic, material specific, high performance for a wide range and type of threats. Some of them are also highly modular, and compact. Some of the systems are fixed, other are relocatable, or fully mobile. The presentation will discuss Ancore's VEDS (Vehicle Explosive Detection System) which detects bulk explosives (expandable also to radiological and nuclear threats)) in marine containers, trucks and cars. The compact and rugged nature of the VEDS sensor makes it suitable for many forms of conveyance: mobile (van mounted), portal, forklift mounted, or mounted on container unloading rig. The physics principles of the system and some recent applications and results will be presented

  13. Modulbaserte kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet, UiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hege Folkestad

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Universitetsbiblioteket i Bergen har utarbeidd eit modulbasert kurs for PhD-studentar ved Matematisk-naturvitskapleg fakultet. Biblioteket har samarbeidd med fakultetet om innhald, tidspunkt og annonsering, for i størst mogeleg grad å nå studentane og tilpasse til deira behov. Kurset er ikkje obligatorisk, men anbefalast sterkt av fakultetet, som vektlegg overførbare ferdigheiter hjå doktorandane. Evalueringane så langt er svært gode, og kurset vidareførast derfor i noverande form. Generell teori er skilt ut, og presentert i tre plenumssesjonar over til saman 5 timar: 1 Strukturelle trekk ved vitskapleg litteratur, generell søketeknikk, reiskapar for søk og gjenfinning, oppdateringstenester og evaluering av skriftleg materiale 2 Siteringsstatistikk 3 Publisering, inklusive opphavsrettslege problemstillingar, Open Access, sjølvarkivering og institusjonelle arkiv. Stoff som knyttast til praktiske ferdigheiter vert presentert i workshop-form for mindre grupper i kursrom med PC-tilgang. Vi tilbyr såleis valfrie, separate, 1-2 t workshops i databasesøking, inndelt etter plattform (i.e. alle Thomson-Reutersbasane samla, alle CSA-basane samla osb.. Vidare tilbyr vi 2 t workshops i referansehandtering (EndNote. For nye brukarar vektleggast innlegging av referansar, val av stil, generering av referanselister og bruk av EndNote med Word, for erfarne brukarar vektleggast fulltekstnedlasting, oppretting av bibliografi frå fleire dokument, samarbeid om EN-bibliotek og oppretting av nye stilar. Med modulbasert kurs står studentane fritt til å stå over kjent stoff, kombinere databasekurs eller EndNote-nivå, eller kome tilbake for modular som er meir relevante seinare i løpet. I denne presentasjonen leggast vekta på plenumssesjon 1 og workshop-modulane.

  14. ANALYSE AV SAMVARIASJON MELLOM MÅLT ARBEIDSBELASTNING (NAS) OG DEN SUBJEKTIVE OPPLEVELSEN AV ARBEIDSBELASTNINGEN (NASA-TLX) VED INTENSIVAVDELINGER

    OpenAIRE

    Graarud, Vibeke

    2015-01-01

    SAMMENDRAG Sykehus generelt og intensivavdelinger spesielt er under økende press for å kunne drive god og riktig ressursforvaltning. Dermed øker også behov for å kunne dokumentere intensiv-avdelingenes aktivitet og ressursbehov. Nursing Activities Score (NAS) blir ved flere av landets intensivavdelinger brukt som scoringsverktøy for arbeidsbelastning. Det er et verktøy som har til hensikt å kartlegge behovet for antall sykepleiere per pasient. Det er i Norge flere sykepleiere per intensivpasi...

  15. Hvordan ser den ost ud, som De ikke ved, De vil elske om to år?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    2006-01-01

    Kender de Deres "latente behov"? Det gør De selvfølgelig ikke. Det er jo definitionen af begrebet: Et latent behov er et behov, som man ikke ved, at man har, men som kommer til overfladen, når man møder det rigtige produkt, som opfylder netop dette behov. Latente behov vedrører derfor den ost, vi...

  16. Sammenligning av to blodprøver fra samme person analysert ved to laboratorier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aage Tverdal

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  INNLEDNINGEpidemiologiske undersøkelser av lipidnivået hosbefolkningen er helt avhengig av at analysemetodeneholder stabilt nivå over flere år. Dette er lettest å oppnåhvis man hele tiden benytter ett laboratorium, oghjerte-karundersøkelsene til Statens helseundersøkelserhar konsekvent benyttet Klinisk kjemisk avdeling,Ullevål sykehus. Ulike hensyn kan likevel tilsi at andrelaboratorier benyttes. Undersøkelsene til Universiteteti Tromsø som har har vært gjennomført fire ganger iperioden 1973-1995, har vært utført ved Kliniskkjemisk avdeling, Regionsykehuset i Tromsø. Helseundersøkelseni Nord-Trøndelag 1995-1997 harbenyttet Sentrallaboratoriet, Innherred sykehus. I dettearbeidet viser vi hvor store forskjellene blir hvisfeltlagene sender prøver fra samme person til ulikelaboratorier. Vi har undersøkt forskjellene mellomRegionsykehuset i Tromsø og Ullevål sykehus, ogmellom Innherred sykehus og Ullevål sykehus.

  17. Hvis du ikke har plads ved bordet – så tag en stol med dig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evron, Lotte Orr

    2017-01-01

    Sådan lød opfordringen fra sygeplejersker i høje politiske positioner på ministerie- og NGO-niveau til deltagerne på ICN 2017 kongressen i Barcelona. Hovedbudskabet var, at vi som sygeplejersker skal bruge vores faglighed, viden og magt til at skabe mere sundhed for alle verdens borgere. Sygeplej......Sådan lød opfordringen fra sygeplejersker i høje politiske positioner på ministerie- og NGO-niveau til deltagerne på ICN 2017 kongressen i Barcelona. Hovedbudskabet var, at vi som sygeplejersker skal bruge vores faglighed, viden og magt til at skabe mere sundhed for alle verdens borgere....... Sygeplejersker har både viden og faglighed til at skabe forandring og flytte sundhed på det lokale og globale plan. Desværre tager al for få sygeplejersker magten og skaber sig en plads ved det bord, hvor de store sundhedspolitiske beslutninger tages....

  18. Kan nye VHS udbrud i regnbueørred forebygges ved vaccination eller avl?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Niels

    laboratoriet ved forskellige temperaturer med godt resultat. En mindre afprøvning under dambrugsforhold har også givet gode resultater. Før det kan komme på tale bruge vaccinen ude, skal den dog godkendes af sundhedsmyndighederne. Egtvedsyge findes i flere lande i Europa og er kendt som en meget tabsvoldende......Tørlægning og desinfektion har traditionelt været brugt til at bekæmpe virussygdommen Egtvedsyge (VHS) i danske ørred-dambrug og lige nu regnes VHS for udryddet. Det har dog vist sig, at der hos vilde fiskebestande i havet findes VHS virus, som under visse omstændigheder må forventes at kunne...... koder for virusets overfladeprotein. Når plasmidet sprøjtes ind i en fisks rygmuskel, vil det blive optaget af en del af muskelcellerne på injektionsstedet, dog uden at plasmidets gener kommer ind i cellernes egne kromosomer. Fidusen er, at disse muskelceller herefter kan lave virusproteinet på samme...

  19. Grasping at ontological straws: overcoming reductionism in the Advaita Vedānta-Neuroscience dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    Contemporary neuropsychology reveals that the parietal lobe contains neurons that are specifically attuned to the act of grasping and this act may be fundamental to the establishment of the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Furthermore, alterations to this process, such as the hypoactivation of this region during meditation or the hyperactivation associated with schizophrenia, may eliminate or confuse, respectively, the phenomenal boundaries between subject and object. Traversing disciplines, the Advaita Vedānta school of Hinduism traces some of its key terms for subject and object to the verbal root grah, to grasp. The subject is literally the grasper. Furthermore, the practice of asparśa yoga, the yoga of no-touch, is aimed at stopping, hypoactivating, the grasping process in order to transcend all subject-object boundaries. This paper will argue that while we have not uncovered an identity of thought, we have uncovered a confluence of ideas between these two disciplines. We will see that this confluence of ideas has not pitted the believer against the critic-not forced us into the great reductionism debate that has dominated so much of the interchange between religious studies and the sciences. This case study will illuminate some of the methodological ways around this reductionism battle and also the boundaries of both disciplines for the intellectual benefit of each.

  20. Undersøgelse af Magnuseffekten på en cylinder ved brug af dimensionsanalyse og empirisk data

    OpenAIRE

    Lauritzen, Ann Katrine Toft; Clarke, Danijel Charles; Ajslev, Mikkel Zielinski; Victor, David Eklund; Bisgaard, Stefan; Thomsen, Malina Masik Talita Isaksen; Larsen, Emil Ellegaard

    2016-01-01

    Projektet har til formal at undersøge tværkraften, der optærder på en roterende cylinder, sombevæger sig relativt til et fluid. Tværkraften kender man som Magnuskraften, og er oftest beskreveti forhold til en roterende sfære. En mangel på viden om Magnuskraftens opførsel på cylindrehar inspireret os til projektet. Dette emne undersøges gennem dimensionsanalyse og ved brugaf empirisk data. Der indledes med et kapitel om grundlæggende teori indenfor fluiddynamikfor at give en kvalitativ forståe...

  1. Spa-typing av stammer av Staphylococcus aureus fra blodkulturer analysert ved UNN Tromsø 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Midtgard, Anette

    2011-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Staphylococcus aureus er et av de vanligste patogenene som kan skape sykdom hos mennesket. Mange av oss er bærere av bakterien i nese eller hals, og det er vist at persisterende bærere har høyere risiko for å utvikle S. aureus-infeksjoner enn andre. De fleste S. aureus-infeksjonene blant bærere er forårsaket av pasientens egen bakteriestamme. Materiale og metode: 140 blodkulturisolater fra pasienter med S. aureus bakteriemi analysert ved Avdeling for mikrobiologi og smitte...

  2. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av ADHD Rating Scale IV, Skoleversjon (ADHD-RS-IV Skole)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Bøe, Tormod

    2011-01-01

    - Beskrivelse. ADHD-RS-IV Skole er et spørreskjema som skal fylles ut av lærere eller førskolelærere for å fange opp ADHD-symptomer hos barn og ungdom. Spørreskjemaet har 18 ledd med fire svaralternativer. Det tar under 20 minutter å fylle ut. Hovedskalaen og de to delskalaene skåres ved å summere enkeltskårer. Kompetansekrav for bruk av ADHD-RS-IV inkluderer generell opplæring i testbruk, samt yrkesstatus som psykolog, lege, annet helsepersonell med utdanning på mastergradsnivå, spesialpe...

  3. Måleegenskaper ved den norske versjonen av ADHD Rating Scale – IV Hjemmeversjon (ADHD-RS-IV Hjemme)

    OpenAIRE

    Kornør, Hege; Bøe, Tormod

    2011-01-01

    - Beskrivelse. ADHD-RS-IV Hjemme er et spørreskjema som skal fylles ut av mor, far, verge eller besteforeldre for å fange opp ADHD-symptomer hos barn og ungdom. Spørreskjemaet har 18 ledd med fire svaralternativer. Det tar under 20 minutter å fylle ut. Hovedskalaen og de to delskalaene skåres ved å summere enkeltskårer. Kompetansekrav for bruk av ADHD-RS-IV inkluderer generell opplæring i testbruk, samt yrkesstatus som psykolog, lege, annet helsepersonell med utdanning på ...

  4. Generelle aspekter ved mediereception? – Et bud på en multidimensional model for analyse af kvalitative receptionsinterviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Schrøder

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Findes der generelle aspekter ved receptionen af medieprodukter, som det kan være analytisk frugtbart at orientere sig efter, og som man altid bør belyse, når man analyserer kvalitative receptionsdata – og måske også allerede når man skal planlægge det empiriske feltarbejde i et em- pirisk receptionsprojekt? Denne artikel bygger på, at dette spørgsmål kan besvares bekræftende, og fremlægger et bud på, hvordan en multi- dimensional model for kvalitativ receptionsanalyse kunne se ud.

  5. Elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Hvad ved vi og hvad mangler vi?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vibeke Christensen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available I Danmark er der med de nye Fælles Mål fra 2014 indført et krav om, at eleverne skal kunne lave større multimodale produktioner. Også i de øvrige skandinaviske lande indgår arbejde med multimodale tekster med forskellig betegnelse i læreplanen for modersmålsfaget. Det er således relevant at undersøge, hvad man ved om elevers produktion af multimodale tekster. Denne artikel bidrager med en gennemgang af nordisk forskning inden for området og med udblik til den øvrige vestlige verden. Teoretisk beskrives multimodalitet med udgangspunkt i New London Groups programartikel fra 1996 og den udvikling af multimodalitet, som gruppen omkring Kress og van Leeuwen har bidraget med. Resultaterne af forskningsgennemgangen præsenteres i fem temaer: terminologi, didaktik, undervisning, elevudbytte og vurdering. Diskussion pågår løbende inden for hvert tema, og der peges på didaktiske perspektiver.Nøgleord: multimodale tekster, tekstkompetence, elevpræstation, skrive-pædagogik, produktion, vurderingAbstractIn the new curriculum for the subject Danish from 2014, it is a requirement that students should be able to create major multimodal productions. Working with multimodal texts in the mother tongue subject is included in the curricula for all three Scandinavian countries. Therefore, it is relevant to consider what is already recognized as students’ production of multi-modal texts. This article offers a brief review based on the Nordic research together with a brief look towards the rest of the Western world’s research on multimodality. This paper’s theoretical foundation is based on the New London Group’s article from 1996, “Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures”, and the development of multimodality that re-searchers and scholars surrounding Kress and van Leeuwen have contributed with. The results of the research will be presented in the following five themes: terminology, education, teaching, pupil performance

  6. Risici ved ophævelsen af kvotebekendtgørelsen for NOx og SO2 for kraftværkerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ole-Kenneth; Nielsen, Malene

    Rapporten belyser de mulige konsekvenser ved ophævelse af ”Bekendtgørelse om begrænsning af udledning af svovldioxid og kvælstofoxider fra kraftværker”, nr. 885 af 18. december 1991. (Herefter kvotebekendtgørelsen). Det er foretaget en basisfremskrivning af NOx-emissionen frem til 2025 for de vær...

  7. "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..." : [luuletused] / Gunnar D. Hansson ; tlk. Mati Sirkel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansson, Gunnar D.

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Toore puuga kütmine on raiskamine ..." = "Att elda med sur ved är slöseri ..."; "Esimest päeva rändab tuul ..." = "Första dagen vandrar vinden ..."; "Päike tuli lähemale ..." = "Solen kom närmare ..."; "Nagu oleks kõik möödas ..." = "Som om allt vore över ..."

  8. En liten høyskole som tenker stort: tiltak mot fusk og plagiat ved Høgskolen i Hedmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Nierenberg

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Høgskolen i Hedmark har satt i gang en del tiltak mot fusk og plagiat, og vi vil gjerne dele våre ressurser og erfaringer med andre undervisningsinstitusjoner. Dette er relevant til to av konferansens temaer: fagreferentens rolle og undervisning i biblioteket. HH's tiltak mot fusk og plagiat inkluderer: • Undervisning i informasjonskompetanse - Høgskolebiblioteket • Kurs i kildebruk og plagiat, "Kilder og kildebruk" • Søkekurs • Synliggjøring av bibliotekressurser/-kurs • Brosjyre til ansatte • Bibliotekets websider om informasjonskompetanse • Nettressurser • Bibliotekets websider • Eksempelsamlingen i APA-standard • "Skriving av faglige tekster - En guide for studenter" • Webside om plagiat og opphavsrett • Fronter • Videoforelesning - "Kilder og kildebruk" • PowerPoint - "Kilder og kildebruk" • Tekstgjenkjenningsprogrammet Ephorus • Vurdering • Elektronisk prøve • Obligatorisk skriveoppgave • Rutinebeskrivelse for tiltak mot fusk og plagiat på Høgskolen • Oppfølging av ikke-møtte studenter på "Kilder og kildebruk" • Vurdering i etterkant av kurset • Bruk av Ephorus • Konsekvenser for fusk Høgskolens tiltak skal forebygge fusk og plagiat ved å gi alle nye studenter tilstrekkelig informasjon om kravene for riktig kildebruk og om konsekvensene for fusk. Høgskolebiblioteket har en sentral rolle i dette arbeidet. Vår Informasjonskompetansegruppe har utarbeidet mange nyttige ressurser, blant annet to-timers kurset "Kilder og kildebruk". Målet med kurset er å lære nye studenter å kritisk vurdere forskjellige typer kilder og bruke dem på korrekt måte i skriftlig arbeid. Kurset blir holdt av bibliotekarer på høgskolens fire campus, og etterfølges av et søkekurs tilpasset det enkelte studium. Antall plagiatsaker på HH har økt de siste årene, men dette kan skyldes bruk av Ephorus. Etter hvert som våre tiltak blir tatt i bruk ved alle studier, håper vi at antall saker blir

  9. Komorbiditet ved marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmstrup, Palle; Damgaard, Christian; Olsen, Ingar

    2017-01-01

    Nærværende artikel præsenterer en oversigt over den foreliggende væsentligste viden om sammenhængen mellem marginal parodontitis og en række medicinske sygdomme, herunder hjerte-kar-sygdomme, diabetes mellitus, reumatoid arthritis, osteoporose, Parkinsons sygdom, Alzheimers sygdom, psoriasis og...

  10. Osteoporose ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  11. Cimetidinbehandling ved cancer ventriculi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tønnesen, H; Knigge, U P; Bülow, S

    1989-01-01

    The effect of cimetidine treatment in cancer of the stomach was investigated in a double-blind, multicentre study comprising eight departments in Greater Copenhagen. Immediately after operation (or the decision not to operate) 181 patients were subdivided at random to treatment with a placebo...

  12. Psykologiske aspekter ved overvaegt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Svend Aage; Grønbaek, Helle; Olsen, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity, and the psycholog......Although knowledge of the biological aspects of obesity is increasing very rapidly, psychological approaches are increasingly in demand. Psychological theory and research concerning the emotional and cognitive impacts of being obese, the psychological causes involved in obesity......, and the psychological elements of treatment and motivations for treatment are requested. There is no clear separation between the psychological factors that function as causes of obesity and the psychological effects of obesity. Rather, they appear to be related in a circle of interconnectedness. This is important...... to keep in mind when seeking ways to motivate and support obese patients....

  13. Neurologiske aspekter ved stammen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mertz, Line Bie; Østergaard, John R

    2006-01-01

    Stuttering is characterised by repetitions, prolongations and pausing while speaking. Researchers have looked for many explanations. However, the cause of stuttering remains unknown. In recent years, structural abnormalities in the speech-related structures of the central nervous system have been...... brought into focus as a cause of stuttering. Research has shown signs of a lateral hemisphere asymmetry, abnormalities in the basal ganglia, dysfunction in the supplementary motor area and/or a dysfunction in the coordination of the cerebellum. This article is a review of this part of the literature...

  14. Billeddiagnostik ved akut lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hess, Søren; Madsen, Poul Henning; Jørgensen, Henrik Boel

    2005-01-01

    and echocardiography in acute pulmonary embolism and identified 562 articles, of which 16 original papers met our inclusion criteria. From these, we concluded that none of the modalities is applicable in every situation. Spiral computed tomography can confirm the diagnosis but cannot rule out subsegmental embolism....... With lung scintigraphy, perfusion imaging alone is probably sufficient and suited to both confirming and ruling out the diagnosis. Echocardiography should be reserved for patients with an emergent need for treatment and cannot rule out the diagnosis. Udgivelsesdato: 2005-Oct-10...

  15. Cancerrisiko ved topikale immunmodulatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Mette; Zachariae, Claus; Thestrup-Pedersen, Kristian

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews if local immunosuppression of atopic dermatitis is associated with an increased risk of cancer - as implicated by a warning issued by the FDA and EMEA health authorities because systemic immunosuppression of transplanted patients leads to a significant increase of non...

  16. Hypofysefunktion ved haemokromatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen-Bjergaard, U; Thorsteinsson, B; Kirkegaard, B C

    1996-01-01

    A review of the literature on pituitary function in haemochromatosis is presented. In morphological studies pituitary iron deposition, in particular in gonadotropic cells, has been demonstrated. In a number of case series, insufficiency of pituitary gonadotropic secretion with clinical hypogonadism...

  17. Tryghed ved udskrivelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryet, Inger Markussen; Kjærsgaard-Andersen, Anne Marie

    Introduction According to international studies, a feeling of security is important for patients when discharge from the hospital. Feeling secure when discharged has been a national focus area in Denmark and national surveys show that about 12% of patients feel insecure when discharged. The nurses...... from a larger group of patients about factors related to the feeling of security and insecurity when discharged from the hospital. Objectives To gain knowledge about which patients feel insecure when discharged and what the reason is for this feeling of insecurity, to get ideas on how to improve...... the feeling of security at discharge for future patients. Methods An electronic questionnaire survey was developed and filled out via iPad before patients discharge from hospital and followed up by telephone interviews with a number of patients. Results 151 patients participated in the questionnaire survey...

  18. Ekstrakorporal oxygenering ved legionellapneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uslu, Bülent; Steensen, Morten

    2009-01-01

    We present a case report with a 49-year-old woman with legionella pneumonia and fulminant respiratory failure. Despite maximal conventional respirator treatment with positive pressure ventilation, 100% oxygen and pharmacological treatment in an intensive care unit, further deterioration with hypo......We present a case report with a 49-year-old woman with legionella pneumonia and fulminant respiratory failure. Despite maximal conventional respirator treatment with positive pressure ventilation, 100% oxygen and pharmacological treatment in an intensive care unit, further deterioration...

  19. "Fordi man ved aldrig"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borchmann, Simon Uffe

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel vil syntagmet aktivitetsbestemt sprogbrug blive udlagt fra en pragmatisk, funktionel lingvistisk synsvinkel. Syntagmet er særligt interessant fra denne synsvinkel fordi det synes at indebære et nyt sprogvidenskabeligt forskningsområde. Det er i det mindste det der vil blive argume...

  20. Aortahomograftoperationer ved svaer endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foghsgaard, S.; Kjaergard, H.K.; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Severe endocarditis of the native aortic valve or a prosthetic valve with destruction of the cusps, paravalvular abscess formation and/or fistulas caused by aggressive bacteria has a mortality of almost 100% without surgery. The objective was to evaluate the results of treatment...... in an intravenous drug abuser was registered after 4 years. CONCLUSION: An aortic homograft in combination with intravenous antibiotics is an excellent treatment of severe endocarditis in the aortic valve or an aortic valve prosthesis Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/5...

  1. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved....

  2. Medicineringsfejl ved generisk substitution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rölfing, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Generic substitution is a major cause of medical mistakes in the general population. Danish legislation obligates pharmacies to substitute prescribed medicine with the cheapest equivalent formulation, despite variations in product name, packaging, shape and colour. Consequently, medical mistakes...... occur. Scientific evidence on the consequences of generic substitution is sparse. Call upon fellow health workers to report medical mistakes to the national entities and scientific peers, in order to increase awareness and scientific evidence about the problem....

  3. Mikrokirurgi ved plastikkirurgiske indgreb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    The most common indication for free flap surgery is breast reconstruction. Deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps are safe, quick and provide excellent cosmetic results. The reconstruction in head and neck cancer patients is more complex. The aims are preservation of function and appearance. F...

  4. Psykose ved affektive lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2008-01-01

    Psychosis in affective disorder is prevalent as 15-20% of depressive patients and approximately 50% of manic patients present with psychotic features. Psychosis in conjunction with affective disorder has a poor prognosis. It is particularly so for depression where psychosis is associated with an ...... with an increased risk of recurrence, development of bipolar disorder and suicide. It is still being debated whether these conditions reflect independent illness entities and their relationship to schizoaffective disorder and schizophrenia is also unresolved Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  5. Vejledning ved ambulancetransport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Peter Anthony; Wammen, Susanne; Giebner, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    , 2) minimize the occurrence of adverse events during transport, 3) ensure that accompanying staff are trained for and skilled in transfer and retrieval medicine and 4) encourage optimal utilisation of available competencies without unnecessarily draining hospital resources.......Inter-hospital transportation poses potential risks to staff and patients. The present guidelines recommend competency-based management dictated by the patient's clinical condition and medical requirements during transfer. The guidelines aim to: 1) improve patient and staff safety during transport...

  6. Medicinproblemer ved sektorskifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Hanne Rolighed; Krølner, Bjørn K

    2009-01-01

    of responsibilities, lack of communication, frequent exchanges between synonymous and analogous drugs, polypharmacy, compliance issues and insufficient education and training of staff. There is an obvious need for a joint internet-based online prescription system covering all physicians. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar......Prescribing involves careful considerations of outcome, duration of treatment and follow-up, and such considerations should be communicated to everyone involved in the medication process. Hospital admission and discharge involve a high risk of medication errors caused by unclear division...

  7. Operationsteknikker ved section

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabakke, Anna J M; Secher, Niels Jørgen; Krebs, Lone

    2014-01-01

    Caesarean section (CS) is a common surgical procedure, and in Denmark 21% of deliveries is by CS. There is an increasing amount of scientific evidence to support the different surgical techniques used at CS. This article reviews the literature regarding CS techniques. There is still a lack of evi...

  8. Modelling Aṣṭādhyāyī: An Approach Based on the Methodology of Ancillary Disciplines (Vedāṅga)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Anand

    This article proposes a general model based on the common methodological approach of the ancillary disciplines (Vedāṅga) associated with the Vedas taking examples from Śikṣā, Chandas, Vyākaraṇa and Prātiśā khya texts. It develops and elaborates this model further to represent the contents and processes of Aṣṭādhyāyī. Certain key features are added to my earlier modelling of Pāṇinian system of Sanskrit grammar. This includes broader coverage of the Pāṇinian meta-language, mechanism for automatic application of rules and positioning the grammatical system within the procedural complexes of ancillary disciplines.

  9. Beretning for Bulbrogård 2012 (BU2012), aristokratisk kompleks. NM I journalnr. 7701/94 Store Fuglede sogn, Ars herred, (Holbæk Amt) Region Sjælland. Sted nr. 03.01.06 – sb. nr. 102 Kort nr. 1413 III NØ Beretning for undersøgelse aristokratisk kompleks fra det 6. – 7. årh. ved Bulbrogård ved Tissø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    De afsluttende undersøgelser på Bulbrogård 2012 bød på nye og overraskende resultater: Bulbrogård har fået en ny fase. Som det nogle gange sker, bliver man mere forvirret end oplyst ved at få mere viden – dette er også tilfældet her. Den ny hal (hus 7) kan være det manglende arkitektoniske bindel...

  10. Slutrapport for Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af  højkvalitets LED belysning PSO 339‐025

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Thorseth, Anders; Poulsen, Peter Behrensdorff

    2010-01-01

    Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af forsknings og udviklingsprojektet ”Implementering af energibesparelser ved benyttelse af højkvalitets LED belysning”. Projektet er udført i et samarbejde imellem DTU Fotonik, Teknologisk Institut, De Danske Kongers Kronologiske Samling (DKKS), Lumodan, Osram, Thermex og DONG Energy under ledelse af Carsten Dam-Hansen, DTU Fotonik. Projektet er finansieret af Dansk Energi under Elforsk’s PSO...... program, indsatsområde 3a. LED belysning. Projektet har projekt nr. PSO 339‐025 og blev startet i februar 2007 og er afsluttet i marts 2010.   I...

  11. Penentuan Garis Interkrista Iliaka terhadap Vertebra dengan Teknik Palpasi untuk Kepentingan Blokade Neuroaksial yang Diproyeksikan oleh Pencitraan Ultrasonografi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Safirta

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to perform neuraxial block, a marker is needed as a puncture guide. One of the markers used worldwide is the intercristal line or Tuffier’s line. Many studies have shown that the line location in vertebrae is variable; hence this study was conducted to identify the intercristal line location through palpation towards the vertebrae in Indonesian people, which was measured by ultrasound imaging. This study was a categorical descriptive research conducted prospectively towards 56 people who met the inclusion criteria in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung from January to February 2014. The subject’s age, sex, height, and weight were directly measured and recorded and body mass index was also calculated. The intercristal line was then drawn and ultrasonography was performed to identify the vertebral level of the line. The results were categorized according to the previous parameters. It was shown that most of the intercrestal lines were located in lumbar 3 and they were mostly in men with above average height. In conclusion, sex and height are some of the factors that affect the intercristal line location towards the vertebra

  12. Trofiske skift og fysiske faktorer i væksten hos Færøske torsk (Gadus morhua) undersøgt ved brug af stabile isotoper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Nielsen, Jens; Christensen, Jens Tang; Grønkjær, P.

    Projektets formål er at forstå variationen i vækst hos torsk (Gadus Morhua) ved brug af otolither (øresten), og sammenhængen med fysiske faktorer, såsom havstrømme, hav temperatur, osv på den Færøske shelf. Dette undersøges ved hjælp af, 1) en otolith vækst kronologi som dækker mere end 60 år (1948...... en mindre amplitude i variationen af ringbredde end direkte vækst målinger. Over hele vækstkronologien ses en negativ udvikling i væksten hos torsk, dog afbrudt af kortere perioder med positiv vækst. De stabile isotop prøver udtages fra hele otolitter fra 5 år gamle torsk. Fra protein delen af...... omgivelser torsken har oplevet, især den omgivende temperatur. Karbon signalet fra den uorganiske del af otolitten vil blive sammenlignet med værdierne i protein delen. De stabile isotop-værdier, samt vækst data vil blive analyseret for at se sammenhængen mellem klimaet og væksten hos torsk. Både lokalt, med...

  13. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    Many autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA) show gender differences. RA is triggered by an interaction between genetic, hormonal, environmental and behavioural factors. 75% of cases are women under the age of 60; lover the age 60 the gender ratio is 1:1. Different genotypes predispose...

  14. Kønsforskelle ved autoimmune sygdomme illustreret ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Dreyer, Lene

    2007-01-01

    for RA. Pregnancy often suppresses RA, as does oral contraception. Lactation, smoking (w), BMI > 30, heavy vibrations and certain dust particles (m) may trigger RA, while the effect of male hormones is uncertain. Future prevention should focus on environment, behavioural factors and genetic profiling....

  15. Neurobiologien ved borderline-personlighedsforstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik; Andersen, Rune

    2012-01-01

    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe psychiatric disorder characterised by instability of affect regulation, impulse control, interpersonal relationships, and self-image. The aim of this status article is to provide a brief overview of the neurobiological underpinnings of the core...

  16. Fagligt Forum ved en skillevej

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Claus

    2008-01-01

    Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000......Med cvu-bibliotekernes overgang til professionshøjskoler ændres det biblioteksfaglige landskab. Det har Fagligt Forum taget konsekvensen af og nedlægger sig selv i løbet af 2000...

  17. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P

    1993-01-01

    indicate that we still do not definitively know whether or not the early addition of prophylactic chemotherapy improves survival. Arguments in favour of early chemotherapy are: that laparotomy may be avoided, that radiation fields and doses may perhaps be reduced, and that the stress of experiencing...... a relapse is avoided in many patients. The major argument against early chemotherapy is: that by careful staging and selection of patients and by careful radiotherapy techniques the number of patients exposed to potentially toxic chemotherapy may be kept at a minimum. Recently, trials have been carried out...

  18. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    dermatological manifestations, while episcleritis, iridocyclitis and uveitis are common ophthalmological complications. Conventional drugs and biologicals have proven effective in the treatment of several of the manifestations, including peripheral arthritis, pyoderma gangraenosum and episcleritis...

  19. Dødsulykker ved bygningsbrande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Gregersen, Markil Ebbe Gregers; Sabroe, Svend

    1998-01-01

    %) and accidents with candles (9%). The largest risk groups were chronic alcoholics, handicapped and elderly people. In conclusion, warnings should be issued against smoking in bed and use of loose-fitting clothing while cooking on an open fire. Protective aprons and devices for use while smoking, self...

  20. Bag ved skyerne skinner solen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen......På langt sigt skinner solen på erhvervet. De globale udfordringer er store, og landbruget og fødevareindustrien står helt centralt placeret på løsningsdagsordenen...

  1. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Surgery for perforated ulcers is one of the most common emergency surgical procedures. Approximately 400 procedures are performed each year in Denmark and mortality is high, reaching close to 30% at 30 days postoperatively. The importance of perioperative fluid administration during...... fluid administration varied extensively, with fluid balance on the day of surgery ranging from -45 to 8,030 ml (median 2688 ml) and a cumulated fluid balance of 7,2 litres (1,875-14,565 ml) three days postoperatively. Generally, patients had no fluid administered prior to surgery (median 0 ml, applying...... to 41 patients (87%) range 0-4,500 ml).CONCLUSION: Both the preoperative fluid management and the postoperative monitoring of the fluid balance are suboptimal and should be optimized. Individualized (goal-directed) fluid administration aiming at optimizing the oxygen supply to the peripheral tissues...

  2. Ekstraintestinale manifestationer ved inflammatorisk tarmsygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Signe; Bendtzen, Klaus; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2009-01-01

    Extraintestinal manifestations are relatively common in chronic inflammatory bowel disease and affect joints, skin, eyes and bile ducts. The most frequent rheumatologic manifestations are peripheral arthritis and axial arthropathies. Erythema nodosum and pyoderma gangraenosum are common...

  3. Nye terapeutiske styringsmuligheder ved leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, A W; Hokland, P; Jørgensen, H

    1992-01-01

    Investigations on the configuration of immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes have become more and more widespread. Through these methods it is possible to identify malignant clones, which by a transforming event have been blocked in further differentiation but continued to proliferate....... Such clonal expansions can be verified by the Southern Blotting procedure as differences in molecular weight between normal and rearranged DNA fragments. In the lymphatic disorders it is possible to assign the malignant clone to B cell lineage by rearrangement in the immunoglobulin light chain gene, while...... heavy chain and T-cell receptor genes do not show consistency in lineage restriction. In a study on AML patients with solitary expression of the T-cell marker CD7 we have identified a similarity in TCR beta and delta gene configurations, indicating a correlation between etiology and genetic pattern...

  4. Kirurgisk behandling ved lokalavanceret pancreascancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Pless, Torsten; Hovendal, Claus

    2009-01-01

    Treatment of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer remains a challenge, and the exact role of surgery with vascular resection remains unclear. Several studies on selected patient populations have addressed the problem, but with varying results. Although venous resection may be performe...

  5. Ved vejen – I komplekset

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2007-01-01

    tendens til større vinduer, færre vægge og større rum, som er både poly-funktionelle og poly-sociale. Desuden har virtuelle strømme en stor betydning i hverdagen, gennem computer, tv og telefon. Artiklen undersøger relationer mellem materialitet og sociale relationer og argumenterer for, at de to er...

  6. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P

    1993-01-01

    indicate that we still do not definitively know whether or not the early addition of prophylactic chemotherapy improves survival. Arguments in favour of early chemotherapy are: that laparotomy may be avoided, that radiation fields and doses may perhaps be reduced, and that the stress of experiencing...

  7. Fordele og ulemper ved forbrugergenetik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Camilla Worm; Gerdes, Anne-Marie Axø

    2017-01-01

    Direct-to-consumer genetic tests are sold over the internet to consumers all over the world - including Denmark. No regulation of these tests has been introduced neither in Denmark nor in Europe, even though they have been on the market since 2007. Such tests have several advantages, but indeed...

  8. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy...

  9. Nye metoder ved gastrointestinal endoskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stigaard, Trine; Meisner, Søren

    2010-01-01

    The development of diagnostic and therapeutic flexible endoscopy is vivid. This article describes some of the most recent diagnostic techniques: Narrow Band Imaging, Fujinon Intelligent Color Enhancement, Autofluorescence Imaging, Optical Coherence Tomography, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy. Liter....... Literature was found through searches on PUBMED and written information from Olympus, Fujinon and Pentax. Which techniques will be used in the future? Will optical biopsy soon be possible? We need more controlled studies....

  10. Psykosociale aspekter ved dissemineret sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E; Stenager, E N; Knudsen, Lone

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple sclerosis as a model, it is demonstrated how a chronic neurological disorder has psychosocial consequences during the period between onset and diagnosis, at the time of diagnosis, and in the post-diagnostic period. The impact of the disorder on self-esteem, civil status, habitation...

  11. Perioperativ vaeskebehandling ved perforeret ulcus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Catherine Collin; Holte, Kathrine

    2009-01-01

    : Retrospective survey of 45 consecutive patients operated for perforated ulcers over a 3-year period between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2005 in the surgical department of a university hospital. RESULTS: Data that would permit rational fluid therapy are not being collected on a regular basis. Fluid balance...

  12. Genetisk udredning ved infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Møller, Rikke Steensbjerre

    2012-01-01

    Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH as the fi......Infantile spasms are a symptom of a severe epileptic encephalopathy. It is important to determine the aetiology for a child's disease. When a standard programme for evaluating the aetiology of the infantile spasms is unsuccessful genetic causes should be considered. We suggest array CGH...

  13. Det ved vi om Feedback

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Vibeke; Bærenholdt, Jørgen

    Præsentation af forskningsviden om feedback i forskellige personkonstellationer i undervisningen: Feedback fra lærer til elev, fra elever til lærer, fra elev til elev og elevens eget arbejde med feedback til sig selv. De præsenterede forskningsresultater er udvalgt dels inden for en kognitivistisk...

  14. Biologiske behandlingsmuligheder ved Graves' oftalmopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Fassi, Daniel; Nielsen, Claus Henrik; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    The current medical treatment options for Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) are unsatisfactory. Recent treatment of GO patients with the B-lymphocyte depleting monoclonal antibody rituximab or with the anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha agents etanercept and infliximab has shown promising results. We...

  15. Praksis som læringsmetode i ingeniørutdanningen – erfaringer fra ingeniørstudiet i undervannsteknologi - drift og vedlikehold ved Høgskolen i Bergen (HiB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Linde Lossius

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Norsk ingeniørutdanning har blitt kritisert for å være for teoretisk. Næringslivets hovedorganisasjon (NHO m.fl. startet derfor prosjektet «Lærlingeordning i høyere utdannelse». Høgskolen i Bergen dro nytte av erfaringene derfra, og i 2007 – da bachelorstudiet i undervannsteknologi startet – var forutsetningen at studiet skulle ha stor praksisandel og mye kontakt med lokalt næringsliv. Studiet har blitt Norges mest etterspurte treårige ingeniørstudium. Frafallet har vært lavere enn ved andre ingeniørstudier. Studiet har inneholdt flere praksisformer, hvorav bacheloroppgave i bedrift, ingeniørpraksis og verkstedpraksis ble regnet som de mest utbytterike ut fra svar i spørreundersøkelsene. 72 % av studentene anså praksis som en viktig årsak til at de søkte. Faglig interesse og utsikt til gode jobber var dog viktigst. 71 % av studentene opplevde at praksis underveis ville gjøre dem til bedre ingeniører, mens 55 % mente det hadde innvirkning på at de fullførte studiet. Praksisbedriftene har tjent ved bedret rekruttering, de største opptil 0,7 ansatt per praksisplass. Praksisorganisering er krevende, og kvalitetssikring og oppfølging er viktig for å få et godt resultat. Bedriftsnettverk er gode støttespillere, men skolen må også avsette nok ressurser til arbeidet. Siden skader kan skje i industrien, må forsikringsordninger av studenter i praksis settes på den politiske agendaen slik at regelverket kan endres. Summary Norwegian engineering studies has been criticized of being too theoretical. Bergen University College used experiences from the project “Apprenticeship in higher education” when starting the engineering program in Subsea technology in 2007. Much practice and contact with local industry was requested. The program has become popular and dropout is lower than in comparable programs. Student surveys revealed the most rewarding practice to be a company-based Bachelor thesis, engineer internships and

  16. Jarak antara Saraf Femoralis dan Arteri Femoralis pada Daerah Lipat Inguinal Orang Dewasa dengan Menggunakan Pencitraan Ultrasonografi untuk Panduan Letak Penyuntikan Blokade Saraf Femoralis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Intan Nasution

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The femoral nerve block is one the peripheral nerve block methods that are used to falicitate lower extremity surgical procedures. The advantages of femoral nerve block include an effective perioperative analgesia with minimum systemic side effects, lower dosage of opioids, early mobilization and cost effective. This study aimed to measure the distance from the mid point of the femoral nerve to the mid point of the femoral artery at the level of inguinal crease of adults with ultrasound guidance that will determine the success rate of femoral nerve block. A descriptive analytic study involving 43 volunteer subjects aged 18–60 years was performed at the Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Department of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran and Central Operating Theatre (COT of Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung between September and October 2014. Statistical analysis are using Mann-Whitney test and independent t-test. Results showed that the average distance from the mid point of the femoral nerve to the mid point of the femoral artery in male was 1.075±0.13 cm and in female was 1.069±0.13 cm. This study conclude that the average distance of femoral artery to the femoral nerve is 1.07 cm lateral to the femoral artery.

  17. Blodtryksnedsaettelse kan forvaerre symptomerne ved akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, E; Jørgensen, H S; Olsen, T S

    1995-01-01

    Patients with acute stroke often present with high blood pressure (BP) on hospital admission. Because hypertension is a risk factor for stroke, and because severe BP elevation may increase oedema and the risk of haemorrhage, acute antihypertensive therapy might seem reasonable. On the other hand...

  18. Rickettsiose som differentialdiagnostisk overvejelse ved rejserelateret feber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kibsgaard, Line

    2012-01-01

    , rickettsiosis should be considered in the returned traveller with fever, especially when malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have been excluded. There is a possibility that doxycycline may have a prophylactic effect on rickettsiosis, but this thesis is only imaginary and needs further investigation.......Rickettsial diseases are increasingly reported in international travellers. Prospective studies have shown that 2-4 % of travellers returning with fever have a rickettsiosis. We discuss epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnostics, treatment and prevention of rickettsiosis. In conclusion...

  19. Katetervejledt trombolyse ved perifer arteriel okklusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, J S; Holt, G; Sandermann, J

    2001-01-01

    ), occlusions seems beneficial but long-term results are lacking and recurrences are common. Exclusion of preoperative thrombolysis in late and longer lasting occlusions (> 14 days) is debatable, because of a potential thrombolysis-caused improved run-off. Individual case selection is still needed, because...

  20. Ekstrapulmonale komplikationer ved mycoplasma pneumoniae-infektioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørn, Anne-Mette Bay; Lebech, Anne-Mette K

    2002-01-01

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common cause of atypical pneumonia in children and young adults. The infection is generally mild and only a very few patients are admitted to hospital. However, extrapulmonary complications are well recognised--mostly as manifestations from the central nervous system (CNS)....

  1. Antibiotikavalg ved purulent meningitis uden bakteriologisk diagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, H B

    1989-01-01

    A case of meningitis in a 16 month old boy caused by Hemophilus influenzae resistant to ampicillin is presented. The question is raised whether a third generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime should be the drug of choice in the treatment of bacterial meningitis with unknown etiology...

  2. Biofilm ved kronisk rhinosinuitis og cystisk fibrose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Jacob; Buchwald, Christian von; Johansen, Helle Krogh

    2011-01-01

    Microbial biofilms are known to cause persistent foreign-body infections and have recently been acknowledged as involved in more than 65% of all human infections. Microbial biofilms have been detected in chronic rhinosinusitis, and chronic rhinosinusitis is mandatory in patients with cystic...

  3. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  4. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM...... remain unknown, although central sensitisation seems to play a major role. Following exclusion of a number of differential diagnoses, the remaining patients have several treatment options including centrally-acting medication....

  5. Finnålsaspirationscytologi ved mammografiscreening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engvad, Birte; Laenkholm, Anne-Vibeke; Schwartz, Walter

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In the year 2000 a quality assurance programme for the preoperative breast diagnostics was introduced in Denmark. The programme was based on the "European guidelines for quality assurance in breast cancer screening and diagnosis" where - among other measures - five cytological......-choice treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 767 women had FNAC performed from a total of 783 lesions at the Mammography Clinic, University Hospital Odense. All FNACs were compared with the final histology diagnosis. Nine statistical parameters were calculated according to the European guidelines. RESULTS: A total...... of 66% of the 783 FNACs had a malignant cytology diagnosis, which in 99% of the cases turned out to be the correct diagnosis. Four lesions were false positives all of which represented benign proliferative breast diseases. The surgical procedures in these cases were either excisional biopsy...

  6. Beta-2-mikroglobulin ved medicinske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, P B; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    1989-01-01

    Beta-2-microglobulin (beta 2M) is a low-molecular protein which is filtered freely over the glomeruli. Under normal circumstances, more than 99.9% is resorbed in the proximal tubuli of the kidneys and is metabolized there. In renal disease with damage to this segment of the nephron, eg acute tubulo...

  7. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-23......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  8. Optisk og videoassisteret laryngoskopi ved vanskelige luftveje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Mathias; Afshari, Arash; Kristensen, Billy B

    2009-01-01

    Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...... over direct laryngoscopy including a better view of the larynx, reduced tracheal intubation time and educational value. We present an overview of the currently most used optical and video-assisted laryngoscopes with a special focus on the McGrath Series 5 videolaryngoscope.......Airway management is one of the greatest anaesthesiologic challenges. Direct laryngoscopy using a standard McIntosh laryngoscope has been the predominant intubation choice for many years. Videolaryngoscopy is becoming a widely accepted airway management technique owing to its potential advantages...

  9. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment....

  10. Hastigt progredierende synstab ved idiopatisk intrakraniel hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skau, Maren; Jensen, Rigmor; Milea, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown aetiology. Slowly progressing visual defects secondary to papilloedema are well-known complications. Rapidly progressing visual loss is rare. A case of acute and rapidly progressing visual loss...... in idiopathic intracranial hypertension is presented. Rapid recognition and treatment of IIH is important, and may occasionally prompt acute surgical treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan...

  11. Forskning ved regionale hospitalsenheder i Vestdanmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Petersen, Lars Jelstrup; Hornung, Nete

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: According to recently passed Danish legislation, all Danish hospitals are obliged to take part in scientific research. As data on financial support for research activities are lacking, we assessed the resources allocated to research from the budget of the central hospital management...... on research activities. CONCLUSION: In the majority of regional hospitals in Western Denmark, less than 0.3% of the total budget administered by the central hospital management was allocated specifically for research. These figures, however, may not be accurate as individual departments may allocate...

  12. Osmotisk demyeliniseringssyndrom ved Addisonkrise og svaer hyponatriaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Signe Elisabeth Bødker; Stausbøl-Grøn, Brian; Rasmussen, Torsten Bloch

    2008-01-01

    Acute adrenal insufficiency is a life threatening disease with dehydration, hypotension, cerebral dysfunction and gastrointestinal symptoms accompanied by low plasma sodium and high plasma potassium. Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) can occur rarely following correction of plasma sodium. We d...

  13. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry....

  14. "Jeg har altid haft nemt ved tingene"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Rasmussen, Palle

    Rapporten analyserer talentundervisningen på 8. og 9. klassetrin i Hjørring Kommune i skoleåret 2006-2007. Der var tale om ekstraundervisning uden for normal skoletid. Det faglige indhold lå inden for fysik, kemi, biologi, matematik og engelsk, og både folkeskolelærere og gymnasielærere medvirked...

  15. Risiko for affektiv lidelse ved multipel sklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, Elsebeth Nylev; Stage, Kurt Bjerregaard; Stenager, Egon

    2011-01-01

    of the relevant literature. The study recommends assessment of all MS patients for depression. Treatment of depression with serotonin reuptake inhibitors and/or cognitive behavioural therapy is recommended, depending on the severity of the illness. Caution is recommended in patients receiving beta interferon...

  16. Osteoporose er hyppig ved Parkinsons sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ezzatian-Ahar, Shabnam; Schwarz, Peter; Pedersen, Stephen Wørlich

    2015-01-01

    patients have higher risk of developing osteoporosis and hip fracture compared to those without PD because of lower bone mineral density (BMD) and lack of vitamin D. Prevention of fracture in PD patients should include fall-risk screening, BMD measurements by DXA scan and screening for risk factors......The risk of developing osteoporosis, as well as Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased with increasing age, resulting in increased risk of fracture, particularly hip fractures. Each one of these two conditions can be debilitating and affect the individual patient's quality of life negatively. PD...

  17. Fund af lymfeknuder ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Mads Bo; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    that may influence the detection of LNs, including patient- as well as surgeon- and pathologist-related issues. The pathologist-related variable most probably shapes the yield the most. Introduction of guidelines focusing on the most appropriate technique may secure better and more consistent results...

  18. Diagnosticering af choledochussten ved symptomgivende galdestenssygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, V B; Rosenberg, J; Kehlet, H

    2000-01-01

    as such in the future. Patients with cholangitis, jaundice and common bile duct stones visualised by transabdominal ultrasound have a high risk of common bile duct stones, and these patients can therefore undergo endoscopic retrograde cholangiography directly. Other patients should have a magnetic resonance...

  19. Traditionsbestemt sygepleje ved næseblod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Annette Lønsmann; Kristensen, Vibeke G.; Boll, Birgitte

    2005-01-01

    A nation-wide poll was carried out in 2003 of ear, nose and throat departments in Denmark, with a view to reviewing the treatment of patients admitted with nosebleeds. In 2001, 1836 patients were admitted to hospital in Denmark with nosebleeds. The majority of admissions are to ear, nose and throat...... departments, although one also comes across patients with no speeds in other clinical departments and in the primary health service. The purpose of the article is to pass on knowledge about nursing to patients who suffer from nosebleeds. It is evident that nursing in Denmark varies considerably as regards...... diet and the extent to which patients are mobilised. Other aspects of nursing harmonise substantially. Applicable to all fields of nursing pertaining to patients with nosebleeds is the fact that evidence is wanting. Finding recent literature on the subject has been difficult. The assembled expertise...

  20. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barretts oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are...

  1. Radiofrekvensablation reducerer risikoen ved dysplastisk Barrett oesophagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael; Holm, Jakob; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia is generally accepted as the precursor to oesophageal cancer. Thus, methods to eradicate BE and dysplasia have been evaluated. Recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has shown promising results with few adverse effects. The studies concerning RFA are...

  2. Om sprog og kultur ved jobsamtaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirilova, Marta

    2017-01-01

    -made job interviews, and later on through workplace mentoring, language courses and professional upgrades. At first sight, the ‘IO-stillinger’ job project was an example of an affirmative action towards the integration of immigrants in the workplace. In practice, however, the recruitment process...

  3. Regulering af cytokindannelse ved inflammatoriske tarmsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ferrero-Miliani, Laura; Seidelin, Jakob Benecidt; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2006-01-01

    Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a pivotal mediator in the inflammatory immune response that is characteristic of a number of chronic disorders. The etiology and pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have for many years been an enigma. The recent identification of the inflammasome, a......, a multiprotein complex responsible for interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE, caspase-1) activation, has generated new possibilities for the elucidation of the etiology and pathophysiology of IBD and as a consequence also for the identification of new treatment targets....

  4. Tidsforbrug ved monitorering af postoperativ oxygenstatus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lavrsen, M J; Tuxøe, J I; Koch, J S

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare use of time with pulse oximetry versus arterial blood gas measurement on the general surgical ward. Eighty patients who had just had major orthopaedic or abdominal surgery were included in the study at two hospitals in Copenhagen. Success rate for pulse...... were delayed median 58 minutes compared with 32 minutes at Sundby Hospital (p porter. No patient had hypercapnia or acid-base disturbances....... We recommend that all general surgical wards should have a portable pulse oximeter for monitoring arterial oxygenation after major surgery....

  5. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved svaer traumatisk hjerneskade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelmann, Christina Malling; Siert, Lars

    2007-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) very often has extensive effects of cognitive character such as changes in recognition, thought, memory, language and perception. The purpose of this paper is to give a short status of cognitive impairment after severe traumatic brain injury and to illustrate that cog...

  6. Leverfibrose kan vurderes ved ikkeinvasiv ultralydelastografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thielsen, Peter; Wilkens, Rune; Rafaelsen, Søren Rafael

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosis and assessment of liver fibrosis is of great importance for initiating treatment and starting hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance in patients with established cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is still considered the gold standard for liver fibrosis staging, however; it is far from perfect. Non...

  7. Urinretention ved postoperativ smertebehandling med epidurale opioider

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, B J; Rosenberg, J; Andersen, J T

    1990-01-01

    . Inhibition of per- and postoperatively increased sympathetic activity may possibly prevent PU. Carbacholine is not effective in the treatment of postoperative retention of urine. In animal experimental studies, kappa-receptor agonists have an analgesic effect without urodynamic side-effects but no clinical...

  8. Molekylaer patogenese ved monogen og polygen fedme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Philip J; Echwald, Søren Morgenthaler; Sørensen, Thorkild I A

    2006-01-01

    During the last few years, studies of the molecular pathogenesis of obesity both in mouse models and in the rare cases of monogenic obesity in humans have added significantly to our understanding of the key role of the hypothalamus in mediating hunger and satiety. These insights have brought us c...... closer to the development of rational therapies of obesity, the epidemic of which is continuing in the post-industrial society, which is characterised by sedentary behaviour patterns....

  9. Fremstilling af dias ved hjaelp af mikrodatamaten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesgaard, F A; Schmidt, A E; Hammer, J H

    1990-01-01

    For production of dias for presentation of scientific data, a personal computer, a dias programme and a camera are necessary. A microdatamat with a 80286 precessor, 20 MB hard disc and an EGA colour screen are the minimum configurations which can be recommended. A hard disc between 40 and 85 MB a...... with Harvard Graphics.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)...

  10. Neuroradiologiske forandringer ved undertrykkelse af tics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Sara Bohn; Sørensen, Camilla Birgitte; Skov, Liselotte

    2017-01-01

    Neuroradiological changes by suppression of tics Tourette’s syndrome is characterized by involuntary tics. First choice of treatment has been pharmacological, but recently, behavioural therapy teaching patients to suppress their tics has been introduced. Neuroimaging studies have shown an increased...... activity in the prefrontal cortex, temporal lobes and caudate nucleus, and a decreased activity in globus pallidus and putamen during inhibition of tics. The activity in the frontal lobes changes with age, probably caused by a lack of compensatory hypertrophy. In order to fully understand the mechanism...

  11. Svaer hyperkaliaemi ved gastroenteritis hos kolektomeret patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lasse Bremholm; Winkel, Rasmus; Hansen, Erik Feldager

    2010-01-01

    Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening condition that causes primarily cardiac and muscular dysfunction with potentially fatal consequences. This case report describes a case of severe hyperkalemia (9,1 mmol/l) caused by acute prerenal failure due to dehydration. The severe dehydration was cau...... was caused by a combination of reduced fluid intake due to gastroenteritis and a hampered capacity for intestinal fluid absorption, due to previous colectomy. The patient developed classic signs of hyperkalemia with electrocardiogram changes and muscular dysfunction....

  12. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects...

  13. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  14. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  15. Udfordringer og strategier ved produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anders Theilgaard; Riisager, Anders; Fehrmann, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    I takt med at verdens olieressourcer forbruges, øges fokus på fornybare brændsler, der ikke medfører stigning i CO2-udledningen. Der er især opmærksomhed på biobrændstoffer som mulige alternativer eller additiver til petrobrændstof...

  16. Lav risiko for komplikationer ved screeningskoloskopi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thamsborg, Lise Laurberg Holst; Andersen, Ole; Fischer, Thea Kølsen

    2013-01-01

    In 2014, screening for colorectal cancer is scheduled to be introduced in Denmark using immunochemical test for blood in faeces (iFOBT). Positive tests are followed by colonoscopy. This review evaluates the risk of perforation, haemorrhage and death associated with screening colonoscopy based...... on selected recent publications. The risk of perforation and haemorrhage was reported to be 0.01% and 0.02% respectively. No deaths were reported. The studies vary in design and demographic characteristics why the findings are relevant regarding the planned national screening programme....

  17. Genetik og stressende livsbegivenheder interagerer ved depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Bukh, Jens Otto Drachmann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present review was to present clinical aspects of recent research in genes, the experience of stressful life events and depression. 60-70% experience a moderate to severe stressful life event half a year prior to the first onset of depression, whereas later depressive episodes...... to a lesser extent are preceded by stressful life events. Clinical features do not differ between depressions with or without prior stressful life events. Certain genetic variations in the serotonin receptor system seem to increase the risk of developing depression in relation to experiencing stressful life...

  18. Generaliserede kramper som debutsymptom ved Gitelmans syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvelplund, Carolina; Jeppesen, Eva Mosfeldt; Mortensen, Henrik B

    2009-01-01

    Gitelman's syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome presenting with hypocalciuria, hypomagnesiemia and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. This case reports a patient admitted with generalized seizures with the above-mentioned biochemical abnormalities, thus representing a rare onset of Gitel...

  19. Smerte og smertemestring ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels; Thastum, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Pain is one of the primary symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). JIA patients have reduced pain tolerance and pain threshold compared to healthy controls. In children with JIA the greater use of coping strategies such as problem-solving, positive self-statements and distraction consist...

  20. Biologisk terapi ved juvenil idiopatisk artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Troels

    2008-01-01

    In recent years the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has undergone marked changes. There is substantial evidence that inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) like etanercept, infliximab and adalimumab show significant efficacy when standard therapy fails, and long-ter...

  1. Helbredsrisici ved eksponering for styren i glasfiberplastindustrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolstad, Henrik Albert; Ebbehøj, Nielse; Bonde, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    or relevant exposure levels. We recommend reconsideration of the current Danish threshold limit value of 25 ppm, biological monitoring of styrene exposed workers, and epidemiological analyses of styrene exposure levels and long-term health effects among employees of the Danish reinforced plastics industry.......This is a summary of the health risks of occupational styrene exposure based on recent reviews. We conclude about the exposure levels that there is strong evidence that styrene causes acute irritation of eyes and respiratory tract above 25 ppm, genotoxic effects above 10 ppm, and persistent nervous...... system effects with for instance reduced psychological performance, colour discrimination and hearing level following long-term styrene exposure above 10 ppm. There is moderate evidence of a causal association with cancer, but data are not sufficient to allow us to pinpoint specific cancers at risk...

  2. Hospitalsomkostninger ved operation for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Sørensen, Jan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs.......The aim of the study was to estimate the direct cost of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to validate it against the national Diagnostic Related Group (DRG) costs....

  3. Epidemiologi ved juvenil systemisk lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odd Vinje

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We have previously described the impact of Apgar scores on later major and minor disabilities. According to these and other studies, children with low Apgar scores have to show symptoms of neonatal encephalopathy in the first week of life to be at risk of developing later disabilities. Information on neonatal encephalopathy has traditionally been less accessible than Apgar scores in The Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN. In the present study the possibility of extracting information on neonatal encephalopathy from the new notification form to the MBRN, which was introduced in late 1998, was investigated. The introduction of specific and generally accepted definitions of neonatal diagnoses combined with more comprehensive reports to MBRN from the neonatal departments may render registry based studies on neonatal encephalopathy possible in the future

  4. Assisteret reproduktion ved HIV-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kazlauskaite, Ramune; Østergaard, Lars; Laursen, Tinne

    2009-01-01

    horizontal nor vertical infection occurred. CONCLUSION: Our study confirms that insemination is a good first-choice treatment in respect to chance of pregnancy and risk for virus transmission in HIV-seropositive couples in cases without indication for IVF. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Apr-27......INTRODUCTION: In Denmark assisted reproductive treatment to HIV discordant couples is offered in order to minimize risk of horizontal transmission of virus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The outcome of 24 HIV-seropositive couples referred with a wish for parenthood to Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby......, between September 1999 and December 2007 was reviewed on the basis of prospectively collected data. A total of 18 couples were offered treatment. RESULTS: In all, eight couples achieved 17 pregnancies, six by home-insemination, ten by homologous intrauterine insemination, and one spontaneously. Neither...

  5. Resultater efter primaer stapedotomi ved otosklerose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanscher, Jens; Grøntved, Aksel; Faber, Christian

    2009-01-01

    performed using small-fenester-technique in the period 1996-2005. Five experienced ear surgeons performed the operations. The surgeons were still in the learning phase with regard to otosclerosis surgery. RESULTS: A significant improvement was found regarding the air-conduction pure tone average (PTA) (52.......8 dB to 31.4 dB), the bone conduction PTA (25.2 dB to 23,1 dB), air-bone gap (27.6 dB to 8.3 dB), and the speech reception threshold (44.8 dB to 22.5 dB). One operation (0.6%) resulted in severe sensory-neural hearing loss, while other types of complications were seen after 7,2% of the operations...

  6. VEDs for charged particle accelerators: Indian scenario

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhandari, R.K.

    2012-01-01

    In the initial times after their invention, the charged particle accelerators have, primarily, been used for fundamental studies on nuclei and atoms. From the first modern accelerator, the cathode ray tube, used by J.J. Thomson for the discovery of electron, very recently the gigantic 27 km circumference Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is operational in the search of Higg's boson and related physics issues. Particle accelerators have emerged as powerful microscopes for investigating the finest details of cells, genes, molecules, atoms, protons, neutrons, muons, electrons, quarks and, possibly, still undiscovered even more fundamental constituents of the universe, such as dark matter and dark energy. Several noble prize winning discoveries have been made using accelerators. Accelerators are now being used in a wide area of industrial and medical applications. They are used for the production of radioisotopes for medical imaging, cancer therapy, food sterilization, treatment of waste water, sterilization of medical equipment, material modification, mass spectroscopy, cargo scanning, fabrication of semiconductors etc. Ongoing effort towards the development of accelerators with megawatt beam power is showing hope for a cleaner source of nuclear energy and treatment of nuclear waste. Several tens of thousands of accelerators are presently operational in the world for basic research and applications. Development of new accelerators has several times been driven by new technologies and materials and sometimes they have driven the technological developments towards cutting edge. Some examples are ultra-high vacuum in large volumes, superfluid helium in cryogenics, cryocoolers, superconducting magnets and RF cavities, high power vacuum electronic devices, global control systems, superfast computing and communication networks, giant data storage/processing systems etc. India has been pursuing a fairly robust programme of accelerator development at various institutions. It started, primarily, with accelerator construction for basic and applied research, Some accelerators have also been operating for medical purposes

  7. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    . In a fraction of patients, long-term symptoms with pain and cognitive and emotional symptoms may occur, causing long-term disability. The pathophysiology is unclear. Most research groups favor a multifactorial pathophysiology similar to that observed for other chronic pain conditions without a clear nociceptive...

  8. Besøgscenter ved fregatten Jylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Nils-Ole

    2005-01-01

    Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet.......Det maritime besøgscenter består af riggerværksted, et værfts- og bådbyggeri og en værkstedsbygning til smed, tømrer, snedker og maler - mens museumsafsnittet består af udstilling, auditorium, cafe og administration i en lang bygning, der markerer indgangen til udstillingsområdet....

  9. Bæredygtige systemleverancer ved renovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schipull Kauschen, Jan

    2014-01-01

    System (PSS). This thesis presents the hypothesis that system deliveries may be cast as Product-Service Systems, creating the pre-conditions for sustainable integrated product deliveries. Case Studies Renovation case studies have evinced partial use of system deliveries in recent years; however......-of-sales er dermed relevant for bæredygtige leverancer, der disse kræver at ansvaret forbliver hos systemejeren over leverancens hele livscyklus, fra produktion til bortskaffelsen. Denne type produkt kendes fra andre områder under navnet Product-Service-System (PSS). I afhandlingen opstilles derfor hypotesen...... om at systemleverancer kan udformes som Product-Service-Systems og at dermed skabes forudsætningerne for bæredygtige systemleverancer. Casestudier Casestudier om renovering har desuden vist, at der til dels anvendes systemleverancer til renovering i de sidste år, men at disse leverancer sjældent er...

  10. Bio-Matematik ved Roskilde Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Johnny T.

    2010-01-01

    findes i monografierne "Applied Mathematical Models in Human Physiology", "Mathematical Modeling in Medicine", og i "The Biomedical Engineering Handbook".   Arbejdet med at udvikle anæstesisimulatorerne satte gang i en mængde "sundhedsmatematik" på instituttet og i dag huser instituttet desuden phd......-programmet "Mathematical modeling and its mathematical prerequisites" ledet af undertegnet. Programmet er associeret med den nationale phd-skole "Research School for Mathematics and Applications".   BioMath-gruppens fokusområder er bl.a. 1) Kardiovaskulær fysiologi og dets kontrolmekanismer; 2) Fluiddynamik og klapløse......-trivielle eksperimenter, kan tjekke om tanker og hypoteser holder og er konsistente samt kan benyttes til at konstruere nye diagnosticerings- og behandlingstilbud, gør at de nævnte metaaspekter er ikke-trivielle aspekter og illustrerer samtidig modelleringslandskabets komplekse moras.   I artiklen forsøger vi...

  11. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...

  12. Akut kirurgisk behandling ved malignt cerebralt infarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilja-Cyron, Alexander; Eskesen, Vagn; Hansen, Klaus

    2017-01-01

    Malignant stroke is an intracranial herniation syndrome caused by cerebral oedema after a large hemispheric or cerebellar stroke. Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction is a devastating disease with a mortality around 80% despite intensive medical treatment. Decompressive craniectomy reduces...

  13. Vellykket konservativt behandlet caecumperforation ved Ogilvies syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Haveman, Maria Cecilie; Achiam, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The case report describes a 37-year-old woman who was diagnosed with Ogilvie's syndrome after caesarean section. Conservative treatment was initiated with minimal effect, and the patient was subsequently treated with IV neostigmine. A computed tomography of the abdomen revealed enlarged peritonea...

  14. Definition, klassifikation og epidemiologi ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Troels Staehelin; Kasch, Helge; Bach, Flemming Winther

    2010-01-01

    A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects. In a fract......A whiplash trauma is caused by an acceleration-deceleration force transferring its energy to the cervical spine. Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) refers to the symptoms that develop after a whiplash injury. The prognosis is favorable with recovery in over 90% of the injured subjects....... In a fraction of patients, long-term symptoms with pain and cognitive and emotional symptoms may occur, causing long-term disability. The pathophysiology is unclear. Most research groups favor a multifactorial pathophysiology similar to that observed for other chronic pain conditions without a clear nociceptive...

  15. Tegn på læring ved bruk av interaktive matematikkutstillinger ved vitensenter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nils Kr. Rossing

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Interactive exhibits at science centres are believed to have a learning effect on visitors. This study investigates two interactive exhibits concerning mathematics at the Science centre in Trondheim, Norway, to what extent they appeal to the audience, and contributes to constructive thought processes that provide for learning. I was also looking for characteristics of the exhibits that might obstruct such thought processes. During the study we observed more than 170 visitors while they used the two exhibits. In addition I observed and interviewed seven teenagers hired specifically to work with the exhibits. Since the audience are completely free to use the exhibits as they like, it is assumed that there is a high correlation between time spent at the exhibits and public involvement. By measuring the average time for every age group, it was found that the exhibits engaged teenagers and adults to a high degree. Also children below 13 years of age used the exhibits diligently, but then in other ways than intended. Some major obstacles that the design of the exhibits let in the way of creating constructive thought processes among the audience were identified. For example, it was found that removing the time limitation of solving tasks and giving the audience the greatest possible transparency and control over the exhibits, a better basis for discussions and reflections was laid. This is an important premise for learning. Furthermore, changes in conditions were made in order to encourage the audience to try out new strategies.

  16. Praediktorer for kroniske følger ved whiplashtraume

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasch, Helge; Kongsted, Alice; Carstensen, Tina Birgitte

    2010-01-01

    Prognostic factors for chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) are identified. In WAD grade I-III, 50% report neck pain after one year (30% in background population). There is a female preponderance among WAD cases. 10% develop a work disability, but no gender differences are found. Age, crash......-injury distress was associated with a 2.1 OR for pain after one year and a 2.8 OR for work disability. Intense headache/neck pain and a multitude of non-painful complaints were both associated with a 3.5 to 4.0 times raised risk of work disability after a year....

  17. Neuroendokrine forstyrrelser ved anorexia nervosa - primoere eller sekundoere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hansen-Nord, M; Hangaard, J

    1996-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa is associated with multiple endocrine abnormalities. Hypothalamic neuropeptides and monoamines are involved in the regulation of human appetite, and they are changed in several ways in anorexia nervosa. But it remains to be clarified whether these alterations are secondary...... or etiologic. Feeding behaviour in anorexia nervosa is characterised by a strong ambivalence and not by loss of appetite. Hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnostic criterion, and is not only secondary as it often precedes the weight loss and persists for a long time after weight and motor activity have returned...... to normal. Hypersecretion of corticotropin releasing hormone seems to be secondary to starvation, but at the same time it may keep up and intensify the anorexia, physical hyperactivity and amenorrhea. Low production of insulinlike growth factor-I and high growth hormone secretion reflects the nutritional...

  18. Atypisk manifestation ved infektiøs endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pareek, Manan; Hansen, Lars Koch; Rujic, Dragana

    2013-01-01

    Infective endocarditis is a serious disease associated with a high mortality. The initial presentation may be non-specific and misleading, thus delaying correct diagnosis. In this case report, we describe a 46-year-old woman, who presented with symptoms suggestive of systemic lupus erythematosus......, including malar rash, arthritis, acute renal failure and thrombocytopenia, but she was subsequently proven to have infective endocarditis involving the mitral valve. Her rheumatological symptoms diminished after antibiotic therapy and mitral valve surgery....

  19. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  20. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog......Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  1. Ny markør ved trombotisk trombocytopenisk purpura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, Jens Peter; Hillarp, Andreas; Lindblom, Anders

    2008-01-01

    Thrombotic microangiopathy can be caused by several conditions which are difficult to diagnose from the clinical presentation alone. Deficient enzyme activity of a newly-discovered enzyme, ADAMTS-13, can lead to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Lack of ADAMTS-13 activity causes increased...

  2. Hyperfibrinolytisk dissemineret intravaskulær koagulation ved drukneulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hattesen, Andreas Lund; Berg, Henrik Karsten; Folkersen, Lars

    2017-01-01

    This article summarizes the current knowledge of drowning-induced hyperfibrinolytic disseminated intravascular coagulation. Drowning induces respiratory failure with ensuing cardiac arrest, hypoxaemia and ischaemia. A coagulopathy is induced by ischaemia, acidosis and hypothermia, and clinically...

  3. Mikrobiologiske forhold ved aggressive former for marginal parodontitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belstrøm, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Aggressiv parodontitis er en alvorlig sygdom, der kan manifestere sig klinisk i en lokal og generaliseret form, og som ubehandlet ultimativt kan medføre tandtab i en tidlig alder. Nekrotiserede parodontale sygdomme, herunder nekrotiserende gingivitis, parodontitis og stomatitis, er kliniske tilst...

  4. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    sågar også konkurrencer for skolebørn. En af årsagerne til konkurrencerne, er, at mange virksomheder anser konceptudviklingsaktiviteten for værende af stigende vigtighed. Det er interessant at bemærke, når man studerer disse forskellige konkurrencers rammer, regler og mål, at fællesnævneren for alle...... "innovative koncepter"? Først vedrørende en forståelse af "innovation" i den industrielle kontekst. Udover den relativt sikre og simplistiske definition af: innovation = opfindelse + markedsmæssig succes, er der kun ganske få forsøg i den danske industrikontekst på at definere målene for, eller aktiviteterne...... skabt (kerne produktindhold). Indtil videre er der ikke blevet leveret nogle af disse pc?er, så den kan stadig betragtes som et koncept. Men man har i hvert fald gjort sit bedste for at overveje alle teknologiske, sociale og design-aspekter af konceptet. Moralen her er, at vi ingeniører skal skærpe...

  5. Svært ved grammatikken - del 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Line Burholt; Boye, Kasper

    2016-01-01

    Denne artikel er anden del af en artikelserie om baggrunden for grammatiske vanskeligheder. Den første artikel (bragt i Logos nr. 75) forklarede hvorfor grammatik er vigtigt for mennesker, og hvorfor det er vigtigt at have en teori om grammatik når man skal afgrænse, undersøge og behandle...... grammatiske vanskeligheder. Artiklen viste også at en klar og praktisk anvendelig definition er nødvendig, men at eksisterende traditionelle teorier giver uklare kriterier for forskellen på grammatik og leksikon. I denne anden del af artikelserien præsenterer vi en ny teori om grammatisk status (Boye & Harder...

  6. Manglende effekt af substitutionsbehandling ved alfa 1-antitrypsin-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Ronald; Hilberg, Ole; Ottesen, Anders Løkke

    2011-01-01

    Persons with alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been tested for the clinical value of regular intravenous infusion with A1AT in two small double-blind randomised controlled trials. The trials found a statistical significant reduction...

  7. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In ca...

  8. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  9. Færre indikationer for sedation ved respiratorbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Thomas; Rian, Omar; Toft, Palle

    2012-01-01

    Critically ill patients undergoing mechanical ventilation have traditionally been deeply sedated. In the latest decade growing evidence supports less sedation as being beneficial for the patients. A daily interruption of sedation has been shown to reduce the length of mechanical ventilation and t...

  10. De mest effektive avlsplaner kan findes ved simuleringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meier, Kristian; Sørensen, Anders Christian; Thirstrup, Janne Pia

    2014-01-01

    Selektion for høj pelskvalitet og store skind foregår i praksis på levende dyr, mens prisen for skindet vurderes efter pelsning. Vores analyser viste positiv men lav korrelation mellem pelskvalitetsegenskaber vurderet på henholdsvis levende dyr og skind. Ydermere fandt vi en negativ korrelation...

  11. Prognostiske markører for vaegttab ved adipositasbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Buemann, B; Gluud, C N

    1996-01-01

    cessation of treatment. The maximum weight loss (mean 16.2 kg. 95% CI 14.2-18.2) was positively associated to pre-treatment 24-h energy expenditure (EE) (p DHT) (p ... these factors could explain 41% of the variation in maximum weight loss. After 36 weeks only 24-h EE and DHT had predictive power on weight loss. Weight losses in upper and lower tertiles of DHT concentrations were 17.7 kg (14.1-21.4) and 9.8 kg (6.2-13.3) (p ... kg in the upper compared to the lower DHT tertile was 12% (4-32%). At two and a half years follow-up 21 patients had maintained some of the weight loss (54%), while 14 patients had maintained > 5 kg weight loss (36%). High levels of pre-treatment DHT were also associated with better weight loss...

  12. Potentielle skadelige virkninger ved brug af strømpistol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Hassager, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Conducted electrical weapons (CEW) were invented in the 1970s and are now widely used by more than 16,000 military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Recent studies have sug-gested that a causal relation of cardiac arrest in humans and utilization of CEW may exist and cardiac capture and fatal...

  13. Validitet af kodning og indberetning ved vaginal prolapskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottesen, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To validate the coding and local registration of vaginal prolapse surgery in 1996-1998, and reporting of such data to the Danish National Patient registry (LPR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparison of different sets of data from the local data base (GS) and LPR, and retrospective study...... as a vaginal prolapse procedure the validity of this being true was 93.6%. 18 non-prolapse procedures were registered as vaginal procedures. The registration was incomplete in 12.5% due to typing or hearing errors or missing codes. The coding was misleading in 11.8%, due to lack of consensus on coding. 86.......6% of errors were passed through from the patient file to GS and LPR. Through simple guidelines misleading use of combination of codes was reduced from 7% to 0.5%. CONCLUSION: The validity of the two sets of GS data, and the reporting from GS to LPR of vaginal surgical procedures is satisfactory on the cpr...

  14. Brug af foetocidium ved sene provokerede aborter i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Anne Vinggaard; Petersson, Birgit

    2012-01-01

    As a result of prenatal screening, the number of late terminations of pregnancy is increasing in Denmark. The fact that the foetus sometimes shows signs of life after the termination is a large concern for health-care staff and parents. In other countries feticide is performed intrauterinely to e...... to ensure that the foetus is dead before the delivery. In Denmark this method is legally used in foetal reduction, but not in late termination of pregnancy. In the light of international literature on the subject, perspectives on feticide in late termination of pregnancy are explored....

  15. Bedre prognose af cystinose ved behandling med cysteamin og nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oczachowska-Kulik, Anna Ewa; Lund, Allan; Skovby, Flemming

    2011-01-01

    Cystinosis is a rare, autosomal recessive disease with cystine deposits in different tissues. First signs come from kidneys and eyes, but during progression of the disease other organs can also be affected. Previously, patients with cystinosis had a very poor prognosis, but it is now considerably...

  16. Columbus' navn hang ved, da Colombia rev sig fri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2016-01-01

    I 52 år har Colombia været skueplads for en særdeles blodig guerillakrig, som har kostet flere end 220.000 mennesker livet. Når den colombianske præsident, Juan Manuel Santos, i morgen på Oslos rådhus modtager Nobels fredspris, er det ikke bare, fordi Nobelkomitéen håber, at den vil give ham styrke...

  17. Sociale, økonomiske og kulturelle aspekter ved whiplash

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Claus; Stenager, Elsebeth; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2010-01-01

    The sequelae following whiplash injuries (WL) entail considerable human costs and expenses for both treatment and social services, especially public income benefits. Frequently, many players are involved after WL and good intersectional collaboration is therefore essential to counter the WL...

  18. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1......) A careful bronchoscopy is important even in cases where lung cancer is not expected. 2) Accurate endobronchial classification can be crucial. 3) There is need for training requirements to obtain a satisfactory level of competence in bronchoscopy....

  19. Formidling af uheldsrisikoen ved spirituskørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kærup, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Selvom flere forskningsprojekter har påvist unges særlige risiko i Europa, når det kommer til alkohol, så har det vist sig svært at formidle denne risiko til unge bilister. I 2006 påbegyndtes et stort europæisk forskningsprojekt, DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Drugs, Alcohol and Medicines...

  20. Uventet fund af endobronkial lungetumor ved bronkoskopi hos en storryger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Magnus; Clementsen, Paul Frost; Håkansson, Kåre

    2014-01-01

    A 60-year-old male heavy smoker surprisingly presented with a squamous cell carcinoma in the right upper lobe at bronchoscopy. Combined PET-CT classified the lung cancer as T1aN0M0. However, the endoscopic classification was T2a, which radically reversed the treatment schedule. Conclusions: 1) A ......) A careful bronchoscopy is important even in cases where lung cancer is not expected. 2) Accurate endobronchial classification can be crucial. 3) There is need for training requirements to obtain a satisfactory level of competence in bronchoscopy....

  1. Marin recipientundersøgelse ved Thule Air Base 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.; Mayer, P.

    I 2002 gennemførte Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser en recipientundersøgelse ud for Thule Air Base (TAB) for at vurdere, om aktiviteterne og specielt de efterladte dumpe på TAB har belastet det marine miljø med forurenende stoffer. Undersøgelsen viser, at der findes flere forurenings-kilder som f. eks...... findes i Wolstenholme Fjord og Bylot Sund området og regionen som helhed. Det væsentligste forureningsproblem i forbindelse med akti-viteterne på Thule Air Base synes at være PCBerne, idet denne kontaminantgruppe viser forhøjede koncentrationer på 2-30 gange både lokalt og regionalt. PCB...

  2. Melæna som debutsymptom ved amyloidose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessen, Ester M B; Nielsen, Liv Bjerre Juul; Bønnelycke, Marie Kamper

    2015-01-01

    Amyloidosis is a disease characterized by abnormal extracellular deposits of protein. The disease may affect the stomach, however, symptoms are rare in this case. Furthermore, the rare symptoms are diffuse and unspecific and the diagnosis relies on biopsy. We report the case of a 79-year-old fema...... presenting with melaena and no history of amyloidosis. Gastroscopy raised suspicion of a malignant process in the stomach, but biopsy revealed gastric amyloidosis. The treatment of gastric involvement is primarily symptomatic, and causal treatment is reserved for the few....

  3. Cerebral sinustrombose ved Behçets sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schytz, Henrik Winther; Wegener, Marianne; Lassen, Lisbeth Landschoff

    2012-01-01

    ). We present a case of a 32 year-old Lebanese woman with severe headache and papilloedema due to a cerebral venous thrombosis and secondary intracranial hypertension. During follow-up she was diagnosed with bilateral uveitis and a history of recidivating oral and genital ulcerations was disclosed. BD...

  4. Kliniske konsekvenser af intranasal insulinbehandling ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Madsbad, S; Rasmussen, M H

    1996-01-01

    Metabolic control, hypoglycaemia frequency and nasal mucosal physiology were evaluated in 31 insulin-dependent diabetics treated with intranasal insulin at mealtimes for one month and with subcutaneous fast-acting insulin for another month in a randomized crossover trial. During both periods...... subcutaneous doses. The frequency of hypoglycemia was similar during intranasal and subcutaneous insulin therapy, and nasal mucosal physiology was unaffected after intranasal insulin. We conclude that due to low bioavailability and to a high rate of therapeutic failure, intranasal insulin treatment...

  5. Mulighetsstudie for urbant jordbruk ved Gaustadjordet i Oslo

    OpenAIRE

    Espeli, Marthe Bævre

    2017-01-01

    Thesis exploring possibilities for urban agriculture activities at Gaustadjordet, Oslo Gaustadjordet is located in Oslo Kommune, which holds 658 390 inhabitants. (https://www.oslo.kommune.no/politikk-og-administrasjon/statistikk/ befolkning/folkemengde-og-endringer/, 01.01.16) The area is located south of preserved forest areas surrounding the city, and the recreational area of of Sognsvann, northwest of Majorstua, between Blindern and Vinderen metro stations. The area has traditionally be...

  6. Manglende effekt af substitutionsbehandling ved alfa 1-antitrypsin-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl, Ronald; Hilberg, Ole; Ottesen, Anders Løkke

    2011-01-01

    in the decrease of lung density measured by computed tomographies, but found no clinical nor statistical significant difference in respiratory symptoms, quality of life, lung function, use of medication, exacerbations, respiratory infections or survival. Based on the present evidence A1AT substitution therapy...

  7. Falsk positivt fund ved screening for abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgh, Annette; Grøndal, Nikolaj; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2009-01-01

    The incidence of false-positive screening results in connection with ultrasound scans (US) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is unknown, but it is presumably a rare occurrence. The estimated predictive values of both false and true screening results are high because abdominal US describes...

  8. Hvad forstår vi ved pragmatiske sprogvanskeligheder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Helle Hallenberg; Christensen, Rikke Vang

    2017-01-01

    I artiklen formidles nogle af de opmærksomhedsområder, vi anser for vigtige i det logopædiske arbejde med børn med pragmatiske sprogvanskeligheder, blandt andet det store spænd i karakteristika og mulige problemer med anvendeligheden af en ny diagnostisk kategori, ”Developmental language disorder...... with impairment of mainly pragmatic language”, i ICD-1.1...

  9. Ureterlaesion ved radikal hysterektomi for cancer colli uteri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolff, M; Bang, T; Bostofte, E

    1996-01-01

    Eight ureter lesions of the ureter occurred among 100 consecutive patients undergoing radical hysterectomy for cancer of the uterine cervix. The management of this problem is discussed, and treatment guidelines for the most commonly seen lesions are proposed. It is concluded that a more liberal use...

  10. Ultralydundersøgelse ved diagnostik og kontrol af pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Søren Helbo; Graumann, Ole; Zhang, Chen

    2015-01-01

    Fast and accurate diagnostic of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is of vital importance. Chest X-ray is currently the most used image modality for the diagnosis of CAP. Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an image modality that seems superior to conventional chest X-ray for diagnosing CAP. LUS is better...

  11. Arbejdsmiljøet ved udbud af renovationsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busck, Ole Gunni

    Forfatteren gennemførte 2003-2005 en undersøgelse for Branchearbejdsmiljådet for transport af danske kommuners praksis i forbindelse med udbud og udlicitering af renovationsopgaver. Formålet var at kortlægge og analysere erfaringerne med varetagelse af arbejdsmiljøhensyn i kommunernes udbud og dr...

  12. Iltbehandling ved akut eksacerbation af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas; Lange, Peter; Mogensen, Torben

    2008-01-01

    Acute exacerbation of COPD is a major cause of hospitalisation in Denmark. Most of the patients require supplemental oxygen in the acute phase and some patients continue oxygen therapy at home after discharge. In this paper we discuss the physiological mechanisms of respiratory failure seen...... in acute exacerbations of COPD. The principles for oxygen therapy in the acute phase are described and recommendations for oxygen therapy are suggested....

  13. Forebyggende ambulant behandling ved affektiv lidelse (depression og mani)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessing, Lars Vedel; Hansen, Hanne Vibe; Hougaard, Esben

    2007-01-01

    The present article is based on a Health Technology Assessment Report (HTA, available with an English summary at www.cemtv.dk) on preventive out-patient treatment of affective disorders. The article briefly reviews the course of depressive disorder and bipolar affective disorder and reviews...... the best available treatment modalities including shared care models, prophylactic pharmacotherapy and prophylactic combination therapy involving pharmacotherapy and psychological treatment....

  14. Helbredsrelateret livskvalitet ved reumatoid artritis. Hvilke faktorer spiller ind?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, L.; Sørensen, J.; Østergaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing joint pain, loss of function and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). HRQoL in RA patients is associated with several risk factors; in this paper the evidence relating to the most important risk factors is reviewed. ...

  15. Sammenligning af QuantiFERON og hudtest ved mulig tuberkuloseinfektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Micha; Krause, Tyra Grove; Moryl, Dorte

    2009-01-01

    positive students were found in relation to the index case. Positive TST results and BCG vaccination (p ... to the desired level of safety and the cost for society and for the patients. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Sep...

  16. Neisseria meningitidis. Lipopolysakkariders patofysiologiske rolle ved meningokoksygdom og septisk shock

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mie Østergaard; Pedersen, Dan Sonne; Pedersen, Michael

    2008-01-01

    increased the likelihood of developing an anti-meningococcal immunization strategy based upon the virulence of LPS which may lead to a vaccination against this important pathogen including serogroup B disease. This review summarizes recent findings that may provide a safe, effective prophylaxis and therapy...

  17. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  18. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme I. Baggrund og praeklinisk validering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg; Stentoft, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    In haematological malignancies, molecular markers like fusion DNA from balanced translocations, point mutations, or over-expressed genes can now be used not only for diagnosis, but also for determination of the minimal residual disease (MRD) after cytoreduction with a sensitivity by far exceeding...

  19. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and between one fourth and one third of the patients do not obtain seizure freedom after treatment with antiepileptic drugs. If the epileptic seizures in such patients have severe consequences, the patients should be assessed for epilepsy surgery. In case...

  20. Cancer kan være differentialdiagnose ved psykiatriske symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eibye, Simone; Speyer, Helene; Benros, Michael Eriksen

    2015-01-01

    We present a patient with psychiatric symptoms as the first manifestation from an undetected brain tumor. The patient had symptoms of psychosis and a prior history with depression. A slight alteration in consciousness was found but no neurological deficits. Blood tests showed increased infection...

  1. Postoperativ strålebehandling ved cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Marie; Kvistgaard, Marianne Ewertz; Thomsen, Mette Skovhus

    2007-01-01

    with 5%. The effect is most pronounced in patients with a high risk of local recurrence, but is independent of adjuvant systemic treatment. Late radiation effects, in particular cardiac mortality can now be avoided using modern treatment technique. However, there is a continuous need to find the overall...... balance between the risk and benefit of RT based on individual prognostic parameters and technical possibilities. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Sep-3...

  2. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved P-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  3. Alvorlige bivirkninger ved p-pillebrug hos teenagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nylander, Malin Chatarina; Clausen, Helle V

    2014-01-01

    PubMed-search found studies investigating adverse effects of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) among teenagers. Four studies found a small negative impact of COC on acquisition of bone mineral density. COC is associated with elevated risk of venous thrombotic events (VTE), especially during...

  4. Bronkodilaterende inhalationsanaestetika ved asthma bronchiale og status asthmaticus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, C M; Stjernholm, P H; Hansen, T G

    1994-01-01

    On the basis of a review of the literature, a survey is presented concerning the use of halogenated inhalational anaesthetics (halothane, enflurane, isoflurane) in anaesthesia of asthmatic patients and in intensive care units in the treatment of status asthmaticus refractory to maximal standard t...

  5. Potentielle skadelige virkninger ved brug af strømpistol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjærgaard, Jesper; Hassager, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Conducted electrical weapons (CEW) were invented in the 1970s and are now widely used by more than 16,000 military and law enforcement agencies worldwide. Recent studies have sug-gested that a causal relation of cardiac arrest in humans and utilization of CEW may exist and cardiac capture and fat...... arrhythmia have been documented in animal studies. We believe, based on current knowledge, that CEW use may have caused human fatalities. Users should be aware of potential serious side effects and be able to provide basic life support....

  6. Otoneurologisk udredning ved akut opstået svimmelhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Ninn-Pedersen, Mirjana; Thomasen, Per Caye

    2011-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis and Menière's disease cause most cases of acute vertigo. However, doctors must consider central neurological reasons to vertigo. If it is determined that a patient has oto-neurological vertigo, the next task is to determine whether...... the patient has a peripheral or a central cause of vertigo, if the condition is potentially lethal and if there is a need for acute radiological imaging and/or medical intervention. This review highlights the oto-neurological approach to the dizzy patient with particular focus on the patient's history...

  7. Intensiv versus standardbehandling ved debuterende psykose--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Mette; Jeppesen, Pia; Petersen, Lone

    2009-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with a first episode of psychosis were randomised to two years of intensive early intervention programme (OPUS) versus standard treatment. OPUS treatment consisted of Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) with manuals for family involvement and social skills training. Standard...

  8. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    NOD-like receptor protein (NLRP)3 inflammasomes. These inflammasomes govern the induction of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, IL-18 and IL-33. PRR and inflammasome dysfunctions may underly immunoinflammatory diseases such as gout and other arthritides, type 1 diabetes and arteriosclerosis....

  9. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...

  10. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlingsprincip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdóttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemotherapy and novel endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective...... drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2 and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  11. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  12. Nye diagnostiske tiltag ved akantamøbekeratitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Esben Tranholm; Heegaard, Steffen; Hjortdal, Jesper Østergaard

    2011-01-01

    Acanthamoeba keratitis is a rare but sight threatening condition. A major problem is that the disease is difficult to diagnose and often mistaken for herpes infection in its early stages. We present an update in diagnostics with the presentation of five recent cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis wher...... the use of confocal microscopy and PCR based DNA analysis of epithelial scrapings played a pivotal role. An early diagnose is crucial for achieving a successful outcome....

  13. Nye sygdomsmarkører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative neoplasier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmström, Morten Orebo; Ocias, Lukas Frans; Kallenbach, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    The chaperone and calcium storing protein calreticulin is coded by CALR, and newly identified mutations in CALR are found in respectively 49-70% and 56-88% of JAK2- and MPL-negative patients with essential thrombocytaemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). A total of 41 mutations have been...

  14. Myokardieskintigrafi. Praecis og omkostningseffektiv billeddiagnostik ved koronarsygdom--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hesse, B.; Petersen, C.L.; Marcassa, C.

    2008-01-01

    Mortality rates due to coronary arterial disease (CAD) have declined as result of improved prevention, diagnosis and management, but CAD remains the leading cause of death. Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) provides a cost-effective tool for early detection of CAD in symptomatic individuals...

  15. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    A limited number of reports published since 2001 have described an association between increased nuchal translucency (NT) and osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). We report a new case which underlines the frequency of this association as well as the importance of follow-up and genetic evaluation...

  16. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain d...... in the official treatment algorithms for patients who are resistant to conventional antidepressant therapy and electroconvulsive therapy....

  17. Også gravide skal rektaleksploreres ved anale symptomer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Helle Manfeld; Rahr, Hans

    2012-01-01

    A case of disseminated rectal cancer in a 32-year-old pregnant woman is described. Pain was her main complaint, but this had been ascribed to haemorrhoids and treated with topical agents. She was diagnosed with rectal cancer late in the third trimester when her midwife referred her for surgical a...

  18. Kaffe kan være gavnlig ved leversygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Maria; Thiele, Maja; Krag, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages in the world. Consequently, it is important to consider the impact of coffee on health and disease. A daily intake of at least three cups of coffee is likely to have beneficial health effects, especially in patients at risk of liver diseases....... Coffee has been associated with decreased liver inflammation, prevention of cirrhosis, reduced steatosis and lower incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. It is not yet possible to make clear recommendations, but coffee can likely be included as part of a healthy diet for patients with liver diseases....

  19. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...... cardiac drugs are responsible for erectile dysfunction (ED). Lastly it should be remembered that treatment of ED may be associated with cardiovascular side-effects. Data from the literature show that men with coronary artery disease, hypertension or diabetes have an up to fourfold higher risk...

  20. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...

  1. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvouskolangiografi ved mislykket endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boman, Pia Snedker; Perdawid, Sharafaden Karim; Lykkegaard, John

    2012-01-01

    In this case report we describe an alternative method of cholangiography. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was not successful in a patient with choledocolithiasis. A combined endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and ERCP procedure was performed and a stent was inserted in the common...

  2. Fatalt forløb ved in vitro-fertilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Martin Kryspin; Møller-Sørensen, Hasse; Svane, Christian

    2010-01-01

    and developed chylomicronaemia syndrome with severe hypertriglyceridaemia, hypertriglyceridaemia-induced acute pancreatitis and septic shock. Appropriate treatment including close monitoring, severe restriction of dietary fat intake and early plasmapheresis is emphasized - especially during pregnancy....

  3. Minimal restsygdom ved maligne blodsygdomme II. Translation og terapeutiske konsekvenser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hokland, Peter; Ommen, Hans Beier; Nyvold, Charlotte Guldborg

    2009-01-01

    in following patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. Moreover, the methodology is being integrated in an increasing number of clinical trials, where it is expected to result in more rational and individualized clinical decision-making. A special point...

  4. Hungry bone-syndrom ved vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chehaiber, Mohamad M; Jensen, Jens-Erik Beck

    2009-01-01

    An 85-year-old woman was admitted after being bedridden for six months with muscular weakness and diarrhoea. Vitamin 25-OH-D, serum calcium, magnesium and phosphate were low, and parathyroid hormone as well as alkaline phosphatase were increased. Dual x-ray absorption scan showed reduced bone...

  5. Anvendelse af præhospital tourniquet ved livstruende ekstremitetstraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyngsaa Lang, Christian; Lauridsen, Trine; Boel, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    Tourniquets have been used for centuries. They have been called lifesavers and "an invention of the evil one". 90.9% of deaths on the battlefields result from haemorrhage. Lessons learned du­ring the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have developed the treat­ment given to hypovolaemic patients...

  6. Strategier ved udredning af malassimilation. En kritisk status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rumessen, J J

    1997-01-01

    malassimilation. The frequency and clinical importance of this condition is in all probability underestimated. Screening for coeliac disease may be achieved by several serological tests (reticulin-, gliadin-, endomysial antibodies), of which IgA-endomysial antibodies seem superior. Comparative studies are often...

  7. Aflastning af tumorbetinget obstruerede øvre urinveje ved prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kraemer, Pia Charlotte; Borre, Michael

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Hydronephrosis in patients with prostate cancer can be relieved by nephrostomia or internal urinary diversion by a double-J ureteral stent. The latter can be placed either retrograde or antegrade by means of an already established nephrostomy. The purpose of the present study...

  8. Intra- og interobservatøroverensstemmelse ved gennemsyn af kapselendoskopifilm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Emilie Lund; Ersbøll, Annette Kjaer; Rasmussen, Anne Mette Odgaard

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: It is unclear which professional groups can and should perform reviews of capsule endoscopy (CE) exams of the GI tract. We investigate whether a junior doctor or an endoscopy nurse can review CE films with the same diagnostic results as a specialist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An endoscopy...... nurse and a junior doctor, both with no CE experience, reviewed 30 CE films twice and noted their findings. A distinction was made between clinically important and non-important findings. An endoscopy specialist and the Given Imaging Review Service reviewed the films once each, and their findings were...

  9. HELLP kan ses i andet trimester ved antifosfolipidsyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Bjørn Stæhr; Havelund, Troels

    2011-01-01

    The syndrome of haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) is estimated to occur in 0.01-0.2% of pregnancies and is considered a severe form of preeclampsia. It is associated with considerable risk of maternal and foetal mortality. HELLP syndrome associated with antiphospholipid...... syndrome is known to occur early in the pregnancy. We report a case of severe HELLP syndrome complicated by multiple hepatic infarctions and portal vein thrombosis in the second trimester in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome....

  10. Laparoskopiassisteret ileocøkal resektion ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Knudsen, Torben; Poornoroozy, Peiman

    2010-01-01

    Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease.......Laparoscopic surgery has become more widely used in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study is retrospectively to describe the results of laparoscopy-assisted ileocolic resection of nineteen patients with Crohn's disease....

  11. Anvendelse af monoaminooksidasehæmmeren isocarboxazid ved behandlingsresistent depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jens Knud; Krogh-Nielsen, Lene; Brøsen, Kim

    2015-01-01

    The antidepressant efficacy of isocarboxazide is well established; however, the clinical use early became restricted and today the use of isocarboxazide in Denmark is very limited. Isocarboxazide is safe when keeping a low tyramine-containing diet and avoiding concomitant treatment with certain d...

  12. Iatrogene duralæsioner ved dekompressionskirurgi i lumbalcolumna

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Frederik; Amtoft, Ole; Andersen, Mikkel

    2010-01-01

    at the Private Hospital Hamlet. The study covers cases from the 10-month period from September 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008. Data was collected after this period and consists of surgeon-documented dural tears. At the time of surgery, the surgeon was unaware that there would be a subsequent registration. A total...

  13. Noninvasiv vurdering af fibrose ved kronisk viral hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Malene; Barfod, Toke Seierøe; Lindhardt, Bjarne Orskov

    2013-01-01

    In chronic viral hepatitis the liver biopsy helps the clinician to decide when to start treatment and plan follow-up. However, the execution of a liver biopsy is associated with discomfort, and sampling error can lead to misinterpretation. Serum markers and transient elastography (TE) are being...

  14. Danskernes seksualliv belyst ved befolkningsundersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Garde, Karin; Køster, Anne

    2002-01-01

    populations. A total of 34 studies based on a representative material were identified. However, only three studies were nationwide, including both genders and several age groups. The studies elucidate sex education, sexual activity, and sexual practices in regard to risk behavior related to AIDS, whereas...

  15. Ansatte hentede inspiration ved Burning Man-festival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2012-01-01

    Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse......Hvert år i den sidste uge af august omdasse en ørken dybt inde i Nevada til mekka for kunst,kreativ innovation og menneskelig udfoldelse...

  16. Skader ved brug af løbehjul

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Michael Hareskov; Nielsen, Henrik Toft; Larsen, Søren Erik

    2002-01-01

    Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters.......Since the beginning of the nineties, skate-boards, in-liners, roller skates, and during the past years non-powered scooters have gained increasing popularity. This surge of enthusiasm has resulted in an increasing number of injuries involving scooters....

  17. Overvej cannabinoid hyperemesis-syndrom ved recidiverende opkastninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordholm-Carstensen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is characterised by unrelenting nausea, recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and compulsive, hot bathing behaviour. The symptoms contrast the traditional effects associated with cannabis use. We report a "textbook example" of a 26-year-old man with CHS. CHS...... is an important differential diagnosis to consider in patients with similar symptoms and the distinctive symptom relief in hot water. Early recognition may prevent extensive, unnecessary medical examinations and frequent hospital admissions....

  18. Meningokoksepsis diagnosticeret ved realtids-polymerasekædereaktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harboe, Zitta B; Howitz, Michael F; Nørgaard, Christina

    2008-01-01

    Approximately 100 cases of meningococcal disease are reported annually in Denmark; 90% of these cases are confirmed by culture and serological methods. Real-time PCR was introduced in Denmark in 2005 as a diagnostic tool for meningococcal disease. We hereby report the first notified case of menin...

  19. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...... includes anticoagulation in patients with cardioembolic stroke and antiplatelet agents aspirin possibly combined with dipyridamole or clopidogrel alone in patients with non-cardioembolic stroke. Other individual risks may modify this treatment regimen. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Oct-1...

  20. Behov for national database ved operation for lumbal spondylodese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Sten; Iversen, Maria Gerding; Kehlet, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    in 2006 was used. RESULTS: There was no difference in patient demographics and diagnosis between public and private clinics. In 62% of the patient files, information was lacking. Considerations on indication and surgery did not differ from public to private clinics. A standard preoperative rehabilitation...... program was performed in 59% of the cases. Combined anterior and posterior fusion was performed in 37 cases, posterior instrumented fusion in 77 cases and posterior uninstrumented fusion in 105 cases, interspinous spacer was used in six cases and disc arthroplasty in 13 cases. CONCLUSION: Adequate...... evaluation of indication and choice of surgical technique in lumbar fusion based on patient files was not possible. We found no qualitative differences between public and private clinics. A national database is needed to monitor indication and choice of operative procedure. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Nov-22...

  1. Bulkister og Bådgrav ved Bulbrogård

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bican, Josefine Franck

    2012-01-01

    oldsager. I seks af gravene var der bevaret kistespor, i fem tilfælde efter bulkister og i ét tilfælde efter en stammebåd anvendt som kiste. Fire af gravene indeholdt gravgods. Gravens konstruktion, udformning og indhold diskuteres med særlig fokus på bådgraven, og der sammenlignes med andre fladmarksgrave...

  2. Overførsel af viden ved flytning af produktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Skov; Riis, Jens Ove; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2010-01-01

    Empiriske studier i tre industrielle virksomheder har afsløret, at selv virksomheder med mange års erfaring i at overføre produktion til andre lande hovedsagelig fokuserer på planlægning af den fysiske overflytning af produktionsudstyr og fokuserer på den eksplicitte viden, der er tilknyttet prod...

  3. Terapeutiske konsekvenser ved lungeskintigrafi med intermediaer sandsynlighed for lungeemboli

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marmolin, Ea Sofie; Møller, Louise; Johansen, Allan

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary embolism has a high mortality and is difficult to diagnose. Lung scintigraphy is widely used. However, a significant number of patients receive an inconclusive result. The aim of this study was to determine how patients with an intermediate result were handled. MATERIAL AN...

  4. Nye prognostiske markører ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Hans Jørgen; Brünner, N A; Thorlacius-Ussing, O

    1998-01-01

    The majority of patients diagnosed as having colorectal cancer do not survive five years, although 70%-80% undergo curative surgery. Only a minority of the patients receive additional adjuvant chemo-, radio- and/or immunotherapy, which has proven its efficiency in a minor part of patients...... with Dukes C disease. Therefore, adjuvant therapy has only an insignificant impact on overall survival improvement. The present treatment of patients with colorectal cancer is far from sufficient, and this has led to considerations of how to optimize both surgical and adjuvant medical treatment strategy...... biological markers of development, growth and dissemination of colorectal cancer can be used to predict prognosis either alone or in various combinations, and as selection markers to discriminate between patients who only need surgery and patients who may need adjuvant treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 1998-Aug-3...

  5. Miljøundersøgelser ved Kvanefjeldet 2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmund, G.

    jordarter' (La Ce Pr Nd Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu) Af de mange grundstoffer, der er undersøgt er det kun 'Sjældne jordarter', zirkonium, niobium og thorium, der viser forhøjelser i forhold til baggrundsværdier og samtidigt er stærkt forhøjede i det vand, der siver ud fra minen. Imidlertid fandtes denne...

  6. Erythropoietin--en ny terapi ved cerebral iskaemi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalialis, Louise Vennegaard; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal

    2003-01-01

    as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective drug. EPO and its receptor are expressed in neurons, glial cells and brain capillary endothelial cells, and the system is upregulated in conditions of cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia. Animal studies have now established that intracerebroventricular administration...... of recombinant EPO exerts neuroprotection in models of stroke. The mechanisms appear to involve an upregulation of specific anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory pathways. In addition, neurotrophic and angiogenetic effects of EPO may contribute in a long latency protection. Interestingly, also systemic...... administration of recombinant EPO ameliorates neuronal damage after brain ischaemia, and prevents the loss of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow following experimental subarachnoid haemorrhage. Recombinant human EPO is a safe and non-toxic drug, and clinical studies are currently investigating...

  7. Nye behandlingsmuligheder ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved in the pathog...

  8. Kloakering i landbruget og ved mindre beboelser i landzone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, H.W.

    Publikationen er beregnet til at bruges sammen med DIF's "Norm for afløbsinstallationer", DS 432, og "Norm for mindre afløbsanlæg med nedsivning", DS 440. Den giver vejledning i planlægning og udførelse af afløbsanlæg med rørledninger i jord for ajle og spildevand ført til opbevaringstank eller v...

  9. Rutinemaessig endoskopisk retrograd kolangiopankreatikografi kan ikke anbefales ved galdestenspankreatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ainsworth, Alan Patrick; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend that patients with presumed severe gallstone-induced acute pancreatitis (GAP) should receive endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) within 72 hours. The results of a newly performed meta-analysis show that acute ERCP in patients with GAP does not reduce...... the risk of complications, and ERCP is therefore not to be used routinely in GAP patients. The possible benefits of replacing ERCP with either endoscopic ultrasonography or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatograhy have yet to be demonstrated. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Aug-31...

  10. Cyklister undtaget signal ved undertavle i T-kryds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Morten Lind; Lahrmann, Harry Spaabæk

    2016-01-01

    Som led i fremme af cykeltrafik er der generelt et ønske om at fremme cyklisters fremkommelighed. En af mulighederne er at undtage cyklisterne for signalet i overliggeren i signalregulerede T-kryds. Men hvad betyder det for trafiksikkerheden? I samarbejde med Aalborg Kommune gennem projektet ’Aal...

  11. Omkostningseffektivitet ved behandling af type 1-diabetes med insulinpumpe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten; Sohlberg, Anna; Goodall, Gordan

    2010-01-01

    This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark.......This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark....

  12. Støtte til egenomsorg ved kronisk sygdom?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter; Jørgensen, Bjarne Søgaard; Rytter, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Self-management is part of chronic care to ensure an informed and activated patient. We scrutinised systematic literature reviews about self-care in general practice. There were effects on clinical and patient related measures and health services utilisation. Most effect was seen in interventions...... using health care professionals to provide education about action plans and medical treatment. Patient led education did not show effect on clinical outcome but on patient-related measures. We conclude that general practice should implement self-management as part of chronic care. Udgivelsesdato: 2010...

  13. Ingeniørenes rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    første bølge af miljøhensyn kom med energikrisen i 1970'erne og ebbede ud, da oliepriserne faldt igen. Miljøbølge nummer to udvidede vore horisonter til begrebet bæredygtighed, hvor den treenige overvejelse ”people-profit-planet” forplantede sig i strategiovervejelserne og årsrapporter verden over. Men...

  14. Tastris - så Plinius lyset ved Skagen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Bo Nissen

    2017-01-01

    Vores forfædre begyndte først at skrive meget sent i forhold til de gamle kulturer i Mellemøsten og omkring Middelhavet, og før vikingetiden skal man helt tilbage til de romerske kilder for at finde nedskrevne stednavne fra det område som skulle blive til Danmark. Heriblandt det gådefulde navn Ta...

  15. Sygeplejestuderendes omsorgsforudsætninger ved studiestart i 2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Rask Eriksen, Tine; Pedersen, Marianne Krogsgaard

    2008-01-01

    The object of the article is to describe the life-history-related care prerequisites of student nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides......, certain general and gender-specific care experiences were observed, which were not related to social class. At the same time, the material shows that the girls' social background leaves its mark on the care experiences. The finds are presented in the form of three constructed cases: Middleclass Lone...... nurses. The social-scientific study looks at students starting their professional bachelor training in 2002. The methods are based on mapping the population by means of a questionnaire which provides data about students' life histories. Additionally, nine selected students were interviewed to provide...

  16. Afståelsesbeskatning ved flytning af DEMPE-funktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærsgaard, Louise Fjord; Bundgaard, Jakob

    2017-01-01

    OECD har i den senest opdaterede version af Transfer Pricing Guidelines fastsat en definition af immaterielle aktiver og har samtidig indført konceptet DEMPE-funktioner, der omfatter visse vigtige funktioner relateret til immaterielle aktiver. SKAT synes at være af den opfattelse, at DEMPE...

  17. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment in radiation reactions; Hyperbar oksygenbehandling ved straalereaksjoner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aanderud, Leif; Thorsen, Einar; Bratteboe, Guttorm; Forland, Martha; Kristensen, Gunnar

    2000-07-01

    Background: A national hyperbaric centre was established in 1994 at Haukeland Hospital with responsibility of all hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment in Norway. In hypoxic tissues with symptomatic radiation reactions, hyperbaric oxygen induces the formation of collagen and angiogenesis resulting in permanently improved local microcirculation. Material and method: 234 patients received elective HBO treatment at Haukeland Hospital in 12997 with total of 4048 treatments. All 47 patients treated for radiation reactions in the pelvic area in 1997 received a questionnaire 3-15 months after HBO therapy, 81% reported. Results: Rectal bleeding and haematuria were reported as much improved in 61% and 55% respectively, while bladder incontinence was much improved in 46%. Interpretation: this treatment modality may be an alternative in symptomatic radiation reactions at the urinary bladder and the bowel when conventional treatment has given unsatisfactory results.

  18. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anaestesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  19. Dosisdispensering er en kilde til medicineringsfejl ved sektorskift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reuther, Lene Orskov; Lysen, Charlotte; Faxholm, Mette

    2011-01-01

    Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed.......Multi-dose drug dispensing (MDDD) signifies that the patient's medicine is packed in disposable bags corresponding to the dose that should be taken. The purpose of the present study was to investigate how a hospital MDDD instruction was followed....

  20. Patofysiologien ved primær immun trombocytopeni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gudbrandsdottir, Sif; Frederiksen, Henrik; Birgens, Henrik Sverre

    2011-01-01

    Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)--formerly known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura--is an autoimmune disorder characterized by immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. The aetiology of ITP remains unknown, but studies have shown that multiple immunological mechanisms are involved...

  1. Danger-signaler og inflammasomer ved autoinflammatoriske og autoimmune sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus

    2011-01-01

    Cytoplasmic inflammasomes are formed through activation of pattern recognition receptors (PRR) of the innate immune system. Endogenous and exogenous danger signals, e.g. DNA- and RNA-fragments, urate- and cholesterol crystals, silica and asbestos, ß-amyloid, UV-light and skin irritants, may induce...

  2. Bivirkninger ved N-acetylcystein-behandling af paracetamolforgiftede patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, L E; Dalhoff, K P

    1999-01-01

    number of patients will be treated with NAC than with previous regimens based on plasma concentrations of paracetamol. In this retrospective study we evaluated the incidence of side effects of NAC in 310 patients admitted to the Department of Hepatology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, over a four-year...... period (1.1.1994-31.12.1997). Twenty-six (8.4%) patients developed side effects. Side effects were anaphylactoid, mainly from skin (25 rash, pruritus or flushing), in rare cases more serious (four bronchospasm, three angioedema, one hypotension). None were life-threatening and all patients received...

  3. Utilstraekkelig dokumentation af dødelighed ved krig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Caecilie Böck; Nielsen, Karoline Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Mortality estimates can be used for research, to inform or influence policy, for reconciliation processes, to plan health delivery and relief operations and for legal purposes. Many different methods have been applied and each has strengths and weaknesses. Recent years have seen an international...... effort in various disciplines like humanitarian actors, demographers and forensic anthropologists to cooperate, and efforts are being made to make data collection more systematic and valid. However, there are political, methodological and security-related challenges that must be overcome. Udgivelsesdato...

  4. Anaestesimonitorering ved magnetisk resonans undersøgelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garde, K; Sørensen, M B; Boelt, P

    1992-01-01

    render possible investigation of unconscious or anaesthetized patients in scanners with magnetic fields of over 1.5 Tesla. The medical technical difficulties involved are mentioned and the solutions which are employed in the Danish scientific Centre for Magnetic Resonance in Hvidovre Hospital...

  5. Tumorcelledissociering som prognostisk markør ved kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klarskov, Louise; Engel, Ulla; Mogensen, Anne Mellon

    2009-01-01

    The invasive front of the colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in some cases displays budding, characterized by groups of up to five tumour cells. In 2006, budding was introduced in the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group's (DCCG) and the Danish Society of Pathology and Cytology's (DSPAC) CRC register form. Based...

  6. Sikker forløsning ved underkropspraesentation til terminen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, Lone

    2011-01-01

    It is well-documented from descriptive studies and a large randomized and controlled trial that planned vaginal delivery of term breech infants is associated with a risk of perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, in a modern setting with careful case selection and labour management......, complication rates are low. When informed of the risks, the majority of women will choose Caesarean delivery. This paper provides the basis for informing women with term breech so that they may make an informed choice. Recommendations on selection criteria, intrapartum management parameters, and delivery...

  7. sikkerhedskultur som centralt middel ved forebyggelsen af arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyhrberg, Mette Bang

    1999-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer tre faser i den internationale forskning omkring arbejdsulykker. I den første fase handler forebyggelsen om at gøre maskinerne mere sikre, i den anden fase fokuseres på person udvælgelse og teknisk risikovurdering, mens der i den sidste fase inddrages organisatoriske forhold ...

  8. Syfilis påvist ved screening i graviditeten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    Because of an increasing incidence of syphilis in Denmark, antenatal screening was re-introduced in 2010. We present two cases of latent syphilis diagnosed by antenatal screening alone. Neither of the two women recalled any previous symptoms of the disease. After treatment, both women gave birth...

  9. Der er forandringer i hjernens ledningsbaner ved skizofreni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ebdrup, Bjørn H; Skovgaard, Nana; Raghava, Jayachandra M

    2014-01-01

    Schizophrenia is a brain disorder characterized by fundamental changes in thinking and beliefs. Alterations in white matter integrity may underlie the characteristic psychotic symptoms. This review focuses on diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia patients. Overall, schizophrenia appears...

  10. Forstørret nakkefold kan ses ved osteogenesis imperfecta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Skibsted, Lillian; Maroun, Lisa Leth

    2011-01-01

    . In the present case, ultrasound scanning at 13 weeks of gestation showed a NT of 3.2 mm and no other pathological findings. At 20 weeks a severe skeletal dysplasia was diagnosed by ultrasound. The pathology report of the aborted foetus indicated OI, and DNA analysis confirmed a COL1A1 mutation....

  11. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    Neuromuscular blockers (NMBs) provide good conditions for endotracheal intubation and surgery. NMBs have been associated with higher morbidity and mortality, mainly due to post-operative residual neuromuscular block. This may become history with the advent of sugammadex - an antidote to the NMB...... rocuronium - which within 1-3 minutes neutralizes the effects of rocuronium. High-dose rocuronium is now an alternative to suxamethonium in acute or short procedures and in a situation, where ventilation/intubating cannot be performed, sugammadex can reverse the rocuronium blockade within minutes....

  12. Forløsningsmåde ved underkropspraesentation. Selektion ved røntgenologisk baekkenmåling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Nilas, L; Langhoff-Roos, J

    1997-01-01

    , pelvimetry was performed in 74 women, where pelvic dimensions too small for recommendation of vaginal breech delivery were found in 30 cases. The overall rate of caesarean section was 78%, among diagnosed patients it was 84% and 64% among undiagnosed breech presentations. Rates of morbidity (low Apgar score...

  13. Rethinking Neo-Vedānta: Swami Vivekananda and the Selective Historiography of Advaita Vedānta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Madaio, James

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 8, č. 101 (2017) E-ISSN 2077-1444 Institutional support: RVO:68378009 Keywords : Swami Vivekananda * Neo-Vedanta * Advaita Vedanta * modern Hinduism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Religious studies http://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/8/6/101

  14. Muligt klinisk potentiale ved revertering af neuromuskulær blokade med sugammadex ved anæstesi og kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øberg, Emilie; Claudius, Casper

    2013-01-01

    rocuronium - which within 1-3 minutes neutralizes the effects of rocuronium. High-dose rocuronium is now an alternative to suxamethonium in acute or short procedures and in a situation, where ventilation/intubating cannot be performed, sugammadex can reverse the rocuronium blockade within minutes....

  15. Maelkesyrebakterier og andre probiotika ved infektiøse og inflammatoriske sygdomme hos børn. Hvad tror vi?--hvad ved vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Vibeke Rosenfeldt; Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Paerregaard, Anders

    2002-01-01

    to promote recovery from acute viral gastroenteritis in young children is well-documented. However, the role of probiotics in systemic diseases, e.g. atopic dermatitis, need to be confirmed in larger randomised controlled trials. This paper describes the theoretical background for the use of probiotics...

  16. Analyse av overvannsnettet i Ås sentrum ved bruk av simuleringsprogrammet SWMM

    OpenAIRE

    Dvergsnes, Eirunn

    2016-01-01

    Jorden står ovenfor klimaendringer med økende temperaturer og en hyppigere forekomst av intense nedbørshendelser. For overvannssystemer i urbane strøk er den økte nedbørintensiteten en stor utfordring. Urbanisering har medført en stor andel tette flater, og lukking av naturlige bekkesystemer. Dette krever en raskere bortledning av regnvannet gjennom rør i bakken. Store deler av det norske overvannssystemet er ikke dimensjonert etter dagens norske standard. Denne ble revidert se...

  17. Modellering av urbane pluviale flommer ved bruk av værradar

    OpenAIRE

    Kjølseth, Tora Marie Hveem; Vatne, Ingrid

    2017-01-01

    Ekstreme nedbørhendelser med påfølgende pluviale flommer forårsaker store skader på infrastruktur og bebyggelse. Skadene fører til betydelige samfunnskostnader, og problemet er økende. Avrenningsmodeller kan benyttes for å simulere flomforløpet til en nedbørhendelse, og er et mye brukt verktøy i planlegging, prosjektering, dimensjonering og drift av overvann-systemer. Som inngangsdata i avrenningsmodeller er det vanlig å bruke konstruert nedbør, der det tas utgangspunkt i målinger og statisti...

  18. Spinocellulært karcinom opstået ved cikatrice efter Calmette-vaccination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Maria; Andersen, F.; Salskov-Iversen, Maria Luise

    2014-01-01

    Marjolin's ulcer is an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) found in chronically inflamed skin. SCC has been reported in smallpox vaccination sites, whereas basal cell carcinomas are more common in scar after bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. A 72-year-old man presented with a chronic...

  19. Administrative stordriftsfordele ved kommunalre-formen i Danmark – sandede eller tilsandede?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt Houlberg

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The Danish Local Government Reform in 2007 reduced the number of municipalities from 271 to 98 and the number of Regions from 14 to 5 along with major changes in tasks, finances and the equalisation scheme. One of the objectives of the reform was to realize administrative economies of scale. Measured by administrative costs, this article concludes that the amalgamated municipalities so far have not realized the expected administrative economies of scale. It is, however, also shown that the potential economies of scale prior to the Reform was inflated in a Reform legitimating process. Before as well as after the Reform, administrative economies of scale exist if analysing on administrative costs. Technically administrative costs by decentralised agencies, however, cannot be calculated and are therefore not included in the analysis. Basing the analysis instead on administrative personnel, including administrative staff employed at schools, kindergartens etc., the conclusion is that larger municipalities do not spend less resources on administration than smaller municipalities.

  20. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F......-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography gave essential information in the diagnostic work-up of large vessel vasculitis in a female presenting with non-specific symptoms. We discuss the role of nuclear medicine imaging in early diagnosis and follow-up of this inflammatory disease, characterized...

  1. Manglende evidens for skadelig effekt på knogleheling ved behandling med NSAID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janum, Susanne; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne

    2012-01-01

    The use of NSAIDs for postoperative pain management following orthopaedic surgery or during conservative treatment of fractures is controversial. Experimental animal models suggest NSAIDs inhibit bone healing. In a review of the literature, there was no clinical evidence to support categorical...... discard of NSAID for postoperative pain relief in uncomplicated cases. However, NSAID should be considered a potentiel risk factor of impaired bone healing and avoided in patients with a high risk of pseudoarthrosis. Recommended daily doses should be respected and duration of treatment should be limited....

  2. Wave power plant at Horns Rev. Screening[Denmark]; Boelgekraftanlaeg ved Horns Rev. Screening

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soerensen, Hans C.; Nielsen, Kim; Steenstrup, P.R.; Friis-Madsen, E.; Wigant, L.

    2005-12-15

    The objective for the analysis has been to establish data for the sea at Horns Rev wind farm in the North Sea in order to assess the opportunity for using the site as test site for demonstration of wave energy devices exemplified by three different devices under development in Denmark. For comparison alternative sites like Hanstholm, Samsoe and Nissum Bredning are also assessed as well as the test centre EMEC at the Orkney Islands and the proposed test site Wave Hub at the north coast of Cornwall. The analysis shows that it is possible without major technical problems to connect 2-4 MW power generated by 3 different wave energy devices (AquaBuOY, Wave Star Energy and Wave Dragon) to the wind farm at Horns Rev (www.hornsrev.dk). The expenses for connection and regulation within the wind farm is about 200,000 DKK (30,00 EURO). On top of this comes the cost for individual sub sea cable connection to the wave devices, pull in of the sub sea cable through the existing J-tube in turbine T04 and the necessary regulation/control system in the individual wave devices to avoid damaging the power system in case of too high production. The analysis of the co-production of wind and wave power is dealt with in a separate report which shows that over a time period of half to one hour the time variation for wind generated electricity is 3 times as large as for wave energy generated power based on the actual measurement at Horns Rev. Further on the analysis shows that the wave generated power is more predictable than wind energy generated power as the power from the waves first is present about 2 hours after the wind is acting and last for 3 to 6 hours after the wind dies out; 6 to 12 hours with wind from west. The time is off course strongly depending of the direction of the wind i.e. the fetch. As this special report has a more general scope than the analysis as such it is reported in English (Annex Report II). The analysis shows that it is up to the individual device developer to judge about the advantages using the 'low cost solution for grid connection' at Horns Rev wind farm as there are disadvantages too, like not having the optimal wave climate for the individual devices. The wave climate at the Horns Rev wind farm is described in English (Annex Report I). Other alternatives outside Denmark are the EMEC centre in Scotland and the proposed Wave Hub testing facility in Cornwall both with established grid connection. The analysis is covering the risk assessment related to deployment rather close to the wind farm. The risk assessment shows that some type of incidents will have severe economic consequences for the turbine owner - in worst case a loss of 1 mil. DKK/day (135,000 EURO/day). No formal agreement about the actual use of the wind farm site as a test site for wave energy has been discussed with the authorities or the wind farm owner. (au)

  3. Seksuelle bivirkninger ved radikal prostatektomi er mere end dårlig rejsningsfunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frey, Anders Ullmann Kiis; Sønksen, Jens Otto; Østergren, Peter Busch

    2015-01-01

    Urinary incontinence (UI) during sexual activity, orgasmic dysfunction, and altered penile morphology are common sexual side effects after radical prostatectomy (RP). However, in spite of research showing that the vast majority of patients experience one or more of these problems, they are unknown...

  4. Sælfinger erhvervet i Danmark og diagnosticeret ved PCR-teknik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansen, Louise Charlotte; Justesen, Ulrik Stenz; Roos, Signe Moeslund

    2012-01-01

    Seal finger is an unusual infection in Denmark but is seen quite often in Greenland. A 69 year-old Danish man developed severe infection after cutting his finger on a sea urchin while handling a fishing net. Treatment with beta-lactam antibiotics had no effect. Standard culture from the lesion...... was negative. A Mycoplasma species was detected by PCR and DNA sequencing and subsequently cultured on special media. Specifically asked about exposure to sea mammals the patient could inform that a dead seal had also been trapped in the fishing net....

  5. Prognostisk vaerdi af PET og MRS ved evaluering af cerebral status hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borgwardt, Lise; Danielsen, Else Rubaek; Børch, Klaus

    2002-01-01

    We report a case of a 12-week-old previously normal infant with severe brain damage after an episode of asphyxia during an RS-virus infection. Sub-acute MRI was normal, but new functional techniques, PET (positron emission tomography) and MRS (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) were severely abnormal...

  6. MRSA og ESBL er fortsat stigende i samfundet og ved hospitalsassocierede udbrud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Robert; Hansen, Dennis Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    This review describes the recent epidemiology for MRSA and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Denmark. MRSA community-associated cases continue to increase whereas hospital associated cases are low and stable. Due to an active search and destroy policy secondary transmission is modest. MRSA from...... pigs is an increasing problem. For ESBL producing Escherichia coli a considerable multi clonal increase has been seen both in the community and in hospitals. There are indications on food being a significant reservoir. For ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae an increasing number of hospital outbreaks...

  7. Sammenhaenge mellem patientens genotype og sygdommens forløb ved arvelige kraeftsygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Marie Luise

    2006-01-01

    largest hereditary cancer groups, namely hereditary colorectal cancer and hereditary breast (and ovarian) cancer. It is concluded that knowledge about genotype-phenotype correlations is essential in the cancer genetic clinic; otherwise, the patient tends to base decisions on personal experience......The majority of hereditary cancers demonstrate extended variation of phenotype, not only between families, but also within a particular family, who supposedly have inherited the same pathogenic mutation. The present paper reviews genotype-phenotype correlations with examples mainly from the two...

  8. Tidlige brukere av alkohol – hvem er de? Kjennetegn ved ungdom som starter tidlig med alkohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anders Grimsmo

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  SAMMENDRAGDebutalder med alkoholrus er en sterk prediktor for senere alkoholbruk. I denne undersøkelsen har visammenliknet de som starter med alkohol tidlig og før det er kulturelt akseptert, med ungdommenesom begynner i konfirmasjonsalder og de som utsetter alkoholdebuten. Vi finner at gruppen sombegynner tidlig ikke bare bryter de lokale tradisjonene for alkoholkonsum, men er i opposisjon tilnormer og autoriteter generelt. Alkohol er et positivt symbol for gruppen og det å ruse seg et ritualesom gir mening i deres miljø. Hjemmet står i den sterkeste posisjonen til å kunne utsette ungdommensalkoholdebut. Vi skisserer hvilke implikasjoner dette bør ha for strategien i det forebyggende arbeidet.

  9. strong>Alle bakterier deler gener ved horisontal overførselstrong>

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Niels-Ulrik

    2007-01-01

    Bakterier har ikke blot en langt større mangfoldighed i deres stofskifte end dyr og planter. Ny forskning viser, at de også i stor stil udveksler gener, der koder for dele af deres stofskifte med andre bakterier. Det giver bakterier mulighed for at tilpasse sig nye levevilkår, men betyder også...

  10. "Hun vides ikke at have andet erhverv end erhverv ved utugt"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Christina Louise

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to show how the Morality Police in Copenhagen regulated prostitution and sexual promiscuity from 1906-1940. The final decades of the nineteenth century saw intense discussion on how to cope with the danger of the widespread venereal diseases. Prostitutes were seen...... as disease carriers and at the same time, prostitution was considered immoral and scandalous. The solution to both the problem of the dissemination of sexually transmitted diseases and the grounds of public morality and decency were resolved through regulation of the sale of sex. This implied regular medical...... examinations and strict rules laid down for the behavior of the prostitutes. However in 1906 a new legislation concerning public indecency and venereal diseases, Lov af 30te Marts 1906 om Modarbejdelse af offentlig Usædelighed og venerisk Smitte, was passed by the Danish Parliament. The Law of 1906 was adopted...

  11. Fejldiagnostik ved vaginal skanning hos en kvinde, der var gravid efter hormonel follikelstimulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Najami, Issam; Salomon, Søren

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 21-year-old woman who developed a simultaneous extra- and intrauterine pregnancy after hormonal induction of ovulation. The case shows a delay in the detection, relying on usual measures as vaginal ultrasound scanning, of the ectopic pregnancy resulting in peritonealia...

  12. Strategier til at undgå afhængighed ved smertebehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højsted, Jette; Rindom, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    Addiction is a feared complication of long-term opioid treatment in patients with chronic pains. Strategies to decrease the risk of addiction include estimating of risk factors, establishing treatment goals realistic for pain and function, considering how to discontinue therapy if treatment goals...... are not achieved, avoiding administration forms with rapid absorption, using validated screening instruments and avoiding high opioid doses. If signs of addiction do occur, precautions to hinder overuse of opioid should be taken....

  13. Irreversibel nyreinsufficiens under behandling med angiotensin I konverterende enzymhaemmer ved bilateral nyrearteriestenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamper, A L

    1989-01-01

    A case of irreversible renal failure during treatment with enalapril in bilateral renal artery stenosis is described. In the use of converting enzyme inhibitors, caution and monitoring of renal function during treatment is advised....

  14. God effekt af mindfulness ved symptomer på stress, angst og depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone; Rasmussen, Benita Holt; Preuss, Tua

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is a manualised group intervention using mindfulness training as a means of reducing the suffering associated with physical, psychosomatic and psychiatric illness. A review of the literature includes 31 randomised studies. Results indicate that MBSR may...

  15. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    Microsurgery is defined as surgery performed with the aid of ocular magnification. In Denmark, this is undertaken by four units. This review describes the history of microsurgery which evolved during the 1960s. Microsurgery in hand surgery is primarily replantation and revascularisation but also ...

  16. Preheating of manure utilizing heat exchanger and flue gas. Forvarmning af gylle ved varmeveksling med roeggas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, J.

    1987-07-15

    It has been shown that preheating of manures in biomass conversion plants to a temperature of 50-60 deg. C, before the anaerobic digestion takes place at a temperature of 35-45 deg. C, results in an increase of methane production. But the method normally involves an increase in energy consumption. The aim of the project was to develope methods of utilizing heat from flue gas emitted from the boiler connected to the plant, with the help of a heat exchanger. The heat thus recovered would be used to preheat the manure. The chosen method was to inject the flue gas directly into the manure mass, following this up with heat exchanging and condensing. In order to mix the flue gas thoroughly into the manure an ejector was used, this was driven by the manure flow. Results were satisfactory. (AB).

  17. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...... hypertensive patients....

  18. Patofysiologi ved accidentel hypotermi. Hypotermi er ikke bare en kold krop

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Mantoni, Teit; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Knowledge of the pathophysiology in accidental hypothermia is essential for clinical decision-making. The prognosis should be favourable provided the condition is recognized and treated accordingly. Progressive organ dysfunction is associated with a declining core temperature which is reversible...... on rewarming. Other reactions occur during rewarming of which rewarming collapse has received much attention. More detailed knowledge of rewarming collapse which has come out is examined in this paper....

  19. Vi er ved at indføre en ny slags systemkontrol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm

    2016-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem det formale og det sociale. Sindelagskontrol i 1970ernes Vesttyskland og dagens Danmark. Diskussionen mellem Alf Ross og Hal Koch. En tysk matematikers syn.......Om forholdet mellem det formale og det sociale. Sindelagskontrol i 1970ernes Vesttyskland og dagens Danmark. Diskussionen mellem Alf Ross og Hal Koch. En tysk matematikers syn....

  20. Web - hva - hvor? : Utforming av nettsteder fortolket ved norske utdanningsinstitusjoner: et profesjonsperspektiv

    OpenAIRE

    Dahl, Tor Arne

    2001-01-01

    The World Wide Web technology was developed in the early nineties. Since then it has had a great impact on society, and its use has expanded beyond the research communities where it was first adopted. The theme for this thesis is the skills and professional knowledge necessary to create web sites. Three established professions have different approaches to the task: computer professionals, graphic designers and information professions. Some new job titles have also emerged for occupational...

  1. Transfusionspraksis ved total hoftealloplastik på danske ortopædkirurgiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma B; Mehnert, Frank; Overgaard, Søren

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: We examined the use of blood transfusion in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) at 21 orthopaedic departments in Denmark. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with primary THA (n = 21,773) between 1999 and 2006 were identified from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry. Data...

  2. Alkohol og andre stoffer hos bilister. Stor uheldsrisiko ved promillekørsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie

    2011-01-01

    Det omfattende EU-forskningsprogram DRUID (Driving under the Influence of Alcohol, Drugs and Medicines) er netop afsluttet. Institut for Transport på Danmarks Tekniske Universitet og Retskemisk afdeling, Retsmedicinsk Institut på Københavns Universitet var de danske partnere i projektet, hvor der i...

  3. Identifikation af forkullet lig ved hjælp af ganeaftryk og koralnyresten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leth, Peter Mygind; Bindslev, Dorthe Arenholt; Kristensen, Ingrid Bayer

    1997-01-01

    En retstodontologisk undersøgelse af en dødfunden, uidentificeret person, bygger almindeligvis på en undersøgelse af tandsættet. Hvis personen er tandløs må andre identifikationsmetoder tages i anvendelse. Fingeraftryk er et almindelig kendt eksempel på en alternativ metode, som bygger på, at cri...

  4. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates...... 0.03%. No relationship was seen between morphological parameters at the first US and the outcome of hips classified as minor dysplastic or not fully developed (NFD). A statistically significant relationship was seen between the degree of dysplasia and the time until US normalization of the hips (p......= 0.02). There was no relapse of dysplasia after treatment. The median duration of treatment was six, eight and nine weeks for mild, moderate and severe dysplasia respectively. CONCLUSION: The procedure resulted in a low rate of treatment and a small number of late diagnosed cases. Prediction...

  5. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, Charlotte; Konradsen, Lars Aage Glud; Ellitsgaard, Niels

    2008-01-01

    With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates the procedure....

  6. A system for use in offshore petroleum production; System for anvendelse ved offshore petroleumsproduksjon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breivik, K.; Mjoeen, S.A.; Smedal, A.; Syvertsen, K.

    1994-10-31

    The invention relates to a system for use in offshore oil and gas production from production wells on the sea bed. The system comprises a submerged buoy having an outer buoyancy member which is arranged for introduction and releasable fastening in a submerged, downwardly open receiving space in a vessel, and a central member which is rotatably mounted in the outer member and is anchored to the sea bed and is connected to at least one transfer line extending from a respective production well up to the buoy, a shaft extending between the receiving space and the deck of the vessel. The system comprises a swivel unit which is installed at the lower end of the shaft so that it is limitedly raisable and lowerable, and which is connected to a tube system on the vessel, the swivel unit comprising inner and outer mutually rotatable swivel members and at its underside is provided with a number of coupling heads for interconnection with corresponding connectors arranged at the upper ends of the topical number of transfer lines, these lines at their upper end being suspended at the upper end of the central member of the buoy. 6 figs.

  7. A system for use in offshore petroleum production; System for anvendelse ved offshore petroleumsproduksjon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breivik, K.G.; Mjoeen, S.A.; Smedal, A.; Syvertsen, K.

    1997-07-08

    The invention concerns a system for use in offshore oil and gas production from production wells on the sea bed. The system comprises a submerged buoy having an outer buoyancy member which is arranged for introduction and releasable fastening in a submerged, downwardly open receiving space in a vessel, and a central member which is rotatory mounted in the outer member and is anchored to the sea bed and is connected to at least one transfer line extending from a respective production well up to the buoy, and a shaft extending between the receiving space and the deck of the vessel. The system includes a swivel unit which is installed at the lower end of the shaft so that it is limitedly raising and lowering, and which is connected to a tube system on the vessel. The swivel unit comprises inner and outer mutually rotatable swivel members and at its underside is provided with a number of coupling heads for interconnection with corresponding connectors arranged at the upper ends of the topical number of transfer lines. These lines are suspended at the upper end of the central member of the buoy. 6 figs.

  8. Manipulation af hvirvelsøjlen ved kronisk rygsmerte--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Tom

    2011-01-01

    A new Cochrane review based on 26 studies - 18 new since the last Cochrane review from 2003 - on spinal manipulation for chronic low back pain has been published by Rubinstein et al. Generally, manipulation for these patients was not clinically relevant better than other treatments like e.g. phys.......g. physical training. In general, the widespread use of manipulation should be reduced. The issues of specific subgroups with possible relevance/irrelevance of such treatment to obtain short-lasting pain relief in selected cases are discussed....

  9. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.

    2008-01-01

    the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The procedure defines procedures for referral, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of DDH. From 1998 to 2003 children with risk factors or with positive Ortolanis or Barlows test were referred to US. RESULTS: The treatment rate was 0.47%, and the rate of late diagnosed cases...

  10. Kredsløbet ændres ved overvægt i barndommen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Morten Toft; Holm, Jens-Christian; Jespersen, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    . These changes are present in vasculature, heart and autonomic nervous system and affect blood pressure control. Overweight and obesity must be prevented, detected and treated at an early age, as even a small weight loss reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease significantly.......Over the last 35 years there has been an almost 50% increase in childhood obesity worldwide. Childhood obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood, and in children with overweight or obesity pathologic changes have been found down to the age of two years...

  11. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvous til intern drænage ved galdevejsobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Marie Høxbro; Vilmann, Peter; Hassan, Hazem

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous for biliary drainage Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) is currently standard treatment for biliary drainage. Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) is a novel method to overcome an unsuccessful biliary drainage procedure. Under endoscopic...

  12. Endoskopisk ultralydvejledt rendezvous til intern drænage ved galdevejsobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Marie Høxbro; Vilmann, Peter; Hassan, Hazem

    2015-01-01

    Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) is currently standard treatment for biliary drainage. Endoscopic ultrasound guided rendezvous (EUS-RV) is a novel method to overcome an unsuccessful biliary drainage procedure. Under endoscopic ultrasound guidance a guidewire is passed via a needle from...

  13. Profitability estimations in considering applications for concession in the energy sector; Loennsomhetsvurderinger ved konsesjonsbehandling i energisektoren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, M [Oslo Univ. (Norway). Sosialoekonomisk Inst.; Soevik, Y

    1995-09-01

    In Norway, most power development projects are subject to the 1917 law on the regulation of watercourses and its revision of 1992. This report discusses certain aspects of concession granting conditions laid down in this law. Part I describes some variants of the profitability concept and discusses the project owner`s incentives: He may feel encouraged to influence assessments of the damage and inconvenience his project might inflict on private and public interests because for him large compensations are connected with low project value. If there is doubt about a project`s worthiness of concession and its value for the owner is positive, then the owner may overstate the value and the positive external effects of the project and understate the negative ones. And vice versa for a project of negative value. Part II discusses some of the principle characteristics of today`s concession practice: quantification of costs in a power development project, estimation of production value, quantification of discount rate. Part III deals with possible linkage between concession granting authorities and various participants in a development project from the point of view of political science. 14 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  14. Costs of climate measures in Norway; Kostnader ved klimatiltak i Norge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-22

    This report calculates the potential for emission reductions and the costs of measures for reducing the national emissions of greenhouse gases in Norway. The measures are analysed with respect to their influence on the global emissions. It is found that with little or no expenses Norway can contribute much more to the global emission reductions by increased export of electricity and gas than by increased national costs. In the oil and gas sector the potential for emission reduction is large, but the measures are expensive. In the transport sector the potential is relatively small and the measures expensive. In the industrial sector the potential is considerable and the measures moderately expensive, but the measures will probably make the production unprofitable if the companies must bear the costs themselves. Increased fixation of CO{sub 2} through measures in the forestry sector have a large potential and at low costs. Like previous macro economic analyses, the present analysis strongly indicates that the costs of stabilizing the emissions will be much higher in Norway than in other countries. 59 refs., 17 refs., 8 tabs.

  15. Positiv effekt af intermitterende over- og undertryk (Vacusac) ved claudicatio intermittens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, J; Himmelstrup, H; Himmelstrup, B

    1994-01-01

    Twenty-two patients with intermittent claudication were included in a double-blinded, randomized trial comparing the effects of 25 treatments with intermittent suction and pressure (Vacusac treatment) to 25 placebo applications given over a period of two months. Twelve patients participated in an...... treatment caused significant increments in ADP-induced platelet aggregation, while the effects on fibrinolysis were uncertain. It is concluded that intermittent suction and pressure treatment offers a new approach for conservative treatment of intermittent claudication....... in an open trial investigating the effects of the same treatment on adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation and fibrinolysis. Active treatment resulted in significant improvements in pain-free and maximal walking distances, whereas no changes could be found during placebo application. Active...

  16. Børn, unge og sociale netværkssider. Hvad ved vi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    været. Herefter skal vi se på, hvordan børn og unge selv begrunder deres brug af sociale netværkssider, og hvilke motiver der ligger bag deres mange timer foran skærmen. Dernæst sætter kapitlet fokus på børn og unges venskaber på sociale netværkssider, hvad der karakteriserer et venskab i dag, og...

  17. Cerebral computerized tomography findings in AIDS patients; Cerebrale CT-funn ved AIDS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hol, P.K.; Dunlop, O. [Ullevaal Sykehus, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-09-01

    A cerebral CT was performed in 82 of 525 AIDS patients, with positive findings in 46 cases. These findings included cerebral atrophy in 28 cases, pathological demyelinisation in two, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in one, toxoplasmoses in 11, lymphomas in seven, infarction in one and one subdural haematoma. The radiological findings are correlated to pathology and clinical symptoms. The authors point out the importance of these findings for correct interpretation of the CT scans. 11 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Neuromuskulær elektrostimulation forbedrer funktionsniveauet ved meget svær kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Gibouri, Salam; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Muscle atrophy and exertional dyspnoea are common in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a new type of training for these patients. A number of randomized trials show that NMES has a positive physiological and clinical...

  19. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    doctors and patients in primary care led to a considerable decrease in antibiotic prescribing. Teaching of hospital doctors, combined with a restriction in the choice of antibiotics, resulted in a decrease in multidrug-resistant strains. A concerted effort is needed to curb the growing resistance problem.......A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  20. Portaltrykket skal måles ved mistanke om portal hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Søren; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2010-01-01

    Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival and deve......Portal hypertension leads to serious complications such as oesophageal varices, ascites, and in some patients hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The importance of measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) has recently been substantiated as it independently predicts survival...... and development in connection with ascites, HCC and variceal bleeding. Measurement of HVPG is a simple and safe method and it can, moreover, be used to guide pharmacotherapy for primary and secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding. Assessment of HVPG should be available in larger centres that manage portal...... hypertensive patients....

  1. Kort, konsentrert, eller intensiv kognitiv atferdsterapi ved PTSD hos barn og ungdom: En litteraturgjennomgang

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Ingvild

    2018-01-01

    Background: Having Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be immensely devastating for children; affecting life quality, increasing the risk of comorbid mental disorders and often lasting into adulthood. Effective treatment is crucial for regaining normal functioning. This literature review aims to investigate the effect of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) delivered in a brief, concentrated, or intensive format. Methods: A literature search was conducted with the search word...

  2. Spredning af Staphylococcus aureus ved nasal bærertilstand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iskandar, Aline; Nguyen, Ngan; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2009-01-01

    of cap, gown, gloves, and mask could reduce this dispersal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 13 nasal Sa carriers were identified among 63 persons screened for Sa nasal carriage. The volunteers were studied for airborne dispersal of Sa in four different situations: quiet breathing, movements of the arms......, whispering and loud talking. These activities were performed with and without gown, gloves, mask and cap upon street clothes. RESULTS: The study showed that the highest number of Sa and bacteria in total was dispersed into the air when the volunteers were moving and wearing only their street clothes...

  3. Digital forskningsformidling - Kommunikative potentialer ved at anvende Web 2.0 til videnskonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Jørgen; Dalsgaard, Christian

    2008-01-01

    kommunikations- og formidlingsmuligheder, der eksisterer i nye digitale medier (Finnemann 2005), ofte kaldet Web 2.0. Det centrale spørgsmål er: Hvordan kan man formidle forskning gennem digitale medier? Artiklen er et indledende studie i et større projekt om potentialerne i digital forskningsformidling i...

  4. Overdødelighed af hjerte-kar-sygdomme ved reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindhardsen, Jesper; Gislason, Gunnar Hilmar; Ahlehoff, Ole

    2011-01-01

    The cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are increased in rheumatoid arthritis and probably equal those of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The European League Against Rheumatism has recently provided evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular risk management in patients with rheumatoi...

  5. Vandstande og saltholdighed i Limfjorden ved lukket Thyborøn Kanal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen Harck; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby; Larsen, Torben

    På Aalborg Universitet er der netop afsluttet nogle omfattende edb-beregninger med vandstandsforhold og saltholdighed i Limfjorden. Disse beregninger dokumenterer, at en lukning af Thyborøn Kanal med en dæmning indeholdende en gennemstrømningssluse, vil være i stand til at reducere de nuværende o...

  6. Paroksystisk atrieflimren påvist ved hjælp af en smartphone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Jacob; Sandgaard, Niels Christian; Brandes, Axel

    2015-01-01

    Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder.......Smartphone-based ECG monitor devices are a new promising tool for rhythm detection in patients with palpitations. We present a case where a young patient with infrequent arrhythmia episodes was diagnosed with atrial fibrillation using this novel smartphone-based event recorder....

  7. Dannelse af toksiske forbindelser ved termisk forbrænding af lugtende luftstrømme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jens Peter; Bossi, Rossana; Pritzl, Gunnar

    2003-01-01

    The present report describes the results from an investigation undertaken by DMU and Aalborg University about toxicity produced during the incineration of the smoke from the factory Trible Nine Fish Protein (Esbjerg, Denmark). Previous investigations had found that the washing water was highly to...

  8. Statiner ved akut koronart syndrom--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linde, Jesper James; Jensen, Gorm Boje

    2012-01-01

    infarction and stroke, but at four-month follow-up the incidence of unstable angina pectoris was significantly reduced. Despite the lack of evidence for an additional effect of early statin administrations on hard clinical end points, we find good reasons to maintain statins in the early treatment of ACS....

  9. Virusinfektioner spiller en vigtig rolle ved akut forværring af astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Asger; Backer, Vibeke; Porsbjerg, Celeste

    2014-01-01

    Upper respiratory tract infections with common virusses is the most frequent cause of asthma exacerbations. Numerous defects in both epithelial function, pathogen recognition and innate immune signalling has been demonstrated in patients with asthma. The subject of this review is these recent...

  10. Universelle kramper og respirationsstop som komplikation i forbindelse med lokalanalgesi ved circumcision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiberg, Ida Louise; Nebrich, Lars; Pedersen, Pernille

    2015-01-01

    We present two cases in which two boys of four weeks and four and a half months, respectively, experienced seizures and respiratory insufficiency as complications to the local anaesthesia administered for ritual circumcision. They both needed intubation and anticonvulsive therapy and acquired...

  11. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    Minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy are increasingly used procedures due to the known advantages, e.g. shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and quicker recovery. The technical disadvantages of laparoscopy and thoracoscopy are, however, limited degrees of freedom and ergon......Minimally invasive oesophagectomy and gastrectomy are increasingly used procedures due to the known advantages, e.g. shorter hospital stay, less post-operative pain and quicker recovery. The technical disadvantages of laparoscopy and thoracoscopy are, however, limited degrees of freedom...... and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  12. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage. G...

  13. Diaspora. Somalia er ved at vågne op - overalt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Farah, Abdulkadir Osman; Farah Aden, Mahad

    2013-01-01

    I efteråret 2012 fik Somalia for første gang en parlamentsformand, en præsident og en statsminister fra civilsamfundet. Den føderale regering beskyttes af ca. 18.000 afrikanske tropper fra Uganda, Kenya mv. Ekstremistiske grupper er i defensiven, men ikke nedkæmpet. 6. marts 2013 ophævede Sikkerh...

  14. MRSA og ESBL er fortsat stigende i samfundet og ved hospitalsassocierede udbrud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Robert; Hansen, Dennis Schrøder

    2011-01-01

    This review describes the recent epidemiology for MRSA and ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Denmark. MRSA community-associated cases continue to increase whereas hospital associated cases are low and stable. Due to an active search and destroy policy secondary transmission is modest. MRSA from...

  15. Pårørendes erfaringer med bruk av frivillige ved alvorlig sykdom i hjemmet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvi Monika Flateland

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers for palliative patients living at home The aim of this study was to illuminate next-of-kins’ experiences when using volunteers supplementing community health care services for palliative patients living at home. The study has a qualitative approach. Nine individual interviews were conducted with next of kin from a municipality in Southern Norway. Use of volunteers for palliative care in the home was a relief for next-of-kin, especially prominent for families who had limited social network. Planned volunteering resulted in the best results. Use of volunteer was also found helpful for families as they were given a "breathing space" and a certain normalization of everyday life. The volunteers followed up activities related to the patient that the next-of-kin to a limited extent managed to attend. This affected the next-of-kin’s conscience in a positive way. The next-of-kin experienced the volunteers to be empathetic, they could inspire confidence and showed good characteristics to assist ill people and their next-of-kin. The next-of-kin needed regular relief from volunteers as a supplement to the community health care services. The volunteers were well suited to meet people, who were in a difficult situation, and with their approach they had strong confidence in the next-of-kin and gave them relief in a challenging environment. The coordinator for palliative care was a key person in relation to the link between families, patients in palliative care and the volunteers.

  16. Mulige problemer ved tegning af forsikring bekymrer patienter, der henvises til genetisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diness, Birgitte Rode; Juhl, Line Bune

    2014-01-01

    -based survey in which 46 health-care providers reported how often they met concerns regarding insurance. Concerns were expressed in 1:17 contacts and led to discontinuation of the work-up in 1:200. The providers had knowledge of 86 actual cases with reports of genetic discrimination regarding insurance.......In Denmark insurance companies may request information regarding current and past disease of the applicants and their family when insurance is requested but they are prohibited from requesting information regarding the applicants' genetically determined risk of future disease. We report a web...

  17. Dissektionsundervisning er fortsat vigtig ved indlæring af anatomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Britt Mejer; Søe, Niels Henrik; Vendel Jensen, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Dissection and prosection require a donation programme of cadavers for education and research. The importance of maintaining the donation programme and the significance of dissection as a teaching method when learning anatomic structures and obtaining surgical skills are evaluated....

  18. Risiko for anastomoselækage ved postoperativ behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, M.; Gögenür, Ismayil; Rosenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    strength and reduced deposition of hydroxyproline. Retrospective human studies have reported increased leakage rates after postoperative diclofenac and celecoxib treatment. We recommend that diclofenac and celecoxib be omitted from analgesic regimens after colorectal surgery involving an anastomosis...

  19. Kardiovaskulære risici ved behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske lægemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Morten; Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup; Torp-Pedersen, Christian

    2016-01-01

    cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors has been associated with a substantial vascular risk but increasing concern also relates to traditional NSAIDs, in particular diclofenac. This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the cardiovascular safety of NSAIDs and presents recommendations for their use....

  20. Fra innvandrer til medstudent og ressurs i undervisningen ved helsefaglig høyskoleutdanning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Småland Goth

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Norway has become a multicultural society where cultural encounters still can be seen as cultural conflict. The increased diversity in the population leads to an increased need for students with minority background within the health professions and health professionals from the majority population practicing care with a culture sensitive approach. During the last years, the University College of Oslo and Akershus has seen a significant increase of health student applicants with immigrant background. To encounter the situation this article aims to describe immigrant student's learning situation. 21 randomly selected students from the University College were interviewed on the basis of a semi-structured interview guide. Nine of the students were immigrants and 12 belonged to the major population. Gained data were analysed within a constant comparative approach. Our results showed that immigrant students face challenges during participation in study groups, seminars and in other professional communities. The detected challenges also included the acquisition of terminology and communication in Norwegian. The study concludes that there is a need for an enforced inclusive learning environment by promoting togetherness, tolerance and cultural competence.

  1. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    with promising reductions in antibiotic use and treatment duration, but more research is needed in order to draw a final conclusion. Lack of objective diagnostic criteria, methodological challenges in research, a future focus on primary care, and the need for a cost-benefit analysis should be considered....

  2. Nye endokrine behandlinger forlænger overlevelsen ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brasso, Klaus; Thomsen, Frederik Birkebæk; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2013-01-01

    Prostate cancer that progresses despite castrate levels of serum testosterone is defined as castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Molecular investigations of the disease have established that progression of CRPC remains driven by androgen receptor signalling and that CRPC continues...... to respond to hormonal manipulation. Recently, new endocrine treatments including an androgen receptor signalling inhibitor and a testosterone synthesis inhibitor have been approved for treatment of CRPC. We review the pivotal phase 3 trials and discuss their implications for future treatment of CRPC....

  3. Terapeutiske vacciner er et nyt behandlings-princip ved kastrationsresistent prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurhuus, Sissal Sigmundsdòttir; Brasso, Klaus; Berg, Kasper Drimer

    2015-01-01

    Therapeutic vaccines is a novel approach in castration-resistant prostate cancer treatment Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is defined as tumour progression despite castrate levels of serum testosterone. During the past decade a number of new therapies, including chemo­therapy and novel...... endocrine agents have been approved for CRPC treatment. The continued need for new effective drugs in CRPC has led to development of a novel therapeutic approach in CRPC treatment. Therapeutic vaccines activate the immune system to kill prostate cancer cells. This review describes recent pivotal phase 2...... and 3 trials of CRPC vaccines and discusses the impact on future CRPC management....

  4. Finasterid ved symptomgivende benign prostatahypertrofi. Et toårs placebokontrolleret studie. Skandinaviske BPH-Studiegruppe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, J T; Wolf, H; Ekman, P

    1996-01-01

    The efficacy and safety of treatment with finasteride 5 mg daily for 24 months was assessed in this multicentre double blind placebo-controlled study including 707 patients with moderately symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia. Efficacy parameters were changes in voiding- and bladder storage s.......01). Finasteride was well tolerated. Patients receiving placebo progressed in symptoms after 16 months. Finasteride can halt the natural progression of moderately symptomatic BPH over a 24 month period....

  5. Udokumenterede regimer ved hofte- og knæalloplastik kan forringe behandlingsresultatet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Troelsen, Anders; Kehlet, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Undocumented traditions in perioperative care after total hip and knee arthroplasty are passed on as gold standard. However, evidence-based medicine may interfere with traditions. It is therefore essential to revisit traditions or routines once in a while and re-evaluate current practice according...... to existing evidence. Fast track surgery is an example of replacing traditions with evidence-based clinical features in order to optimise perioperative outcome. This article reviews some traditions that may influence outcome regarding pain, infection, blood loss, mobilisation, length of stay in hospital......, thromboembolic prophylaxis, and costs....

  6. Patofysiologiske mekanismer bag øjensymptomer ved primaere tumorer i corpus pineale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, N O; Møller, M; Garde, E

    1993-01-01

    Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may be a pres......Primary tumors of the pineal body can produce dyscoordinative movements of the eye, pupillary dilatation, paralysis of adduction during convergence and nystagmus. Obstruction of the aqueduct can cause hydrocephalus, increased intracranial pressure and papilledema. Diabetes insipidus may...

  7. Blodtransfusion ved større ortopædkirurgiske operationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jans, Øivind; Kehlet, Henrik; Johansson, Pär I

    2011-01-01

    Hip and knee surgery is associated with a relatively large bleeding and a need for perioperative transfusion. Postoperative anaemia may delay recovery, but transfusion carries inherent risks. However, only few randomised controlled studies evaluating the effects of different transfusion triggers...

  8. Vi kan ikke afskaffe det ubærlige ved lov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Post, Bettina

    2012-01-01

    Man bliver ikke rask af beskæftigelsesindsats. Heller ikke når man har en psykisk sygdom. Alligevel er det langt hen ad vejen forestillingen hos de politikere, som beslutter reglerne omkring fleksjob og førtidspension....

  9. Hvad er selvledelsesværdien ved det åbne kontorlandskab?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amhøj, Christa Breum

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen handler om det åbne kontorlandskab og hvordan dette kan føre til at medarbejderne leder sig selv. En gennemgående pointe i artiklen er at de forskellige måder hvorpå virksomheden vælger at iagttage og tale om det åbne kontorlandskab, skaber værdierne for forholdet mellem organisation/led...

  10. Faciale angiofibromer ved tuberøs sklerose behandlet med sirolimussalve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Mathias Tiedemann; Bygum, Anette; Hansen, Lars Kjærsgaard

    2013-01-01

    We present a five-year-old boy with facial angiofibromas associated to tuberous sclerosis successfully treated with topical sirolimus 0.4% applied three times a week for six months. After six months we observed a nearly complete resolution of facial angiofibromas. The blood levels of sirolimus...

  11. Endocavitary radiotherapy of rectal tumours; Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved distale rectum tumorers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Wiig, J. [Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway); Andersen, O.K. [Sentralsykehuset i Akershus, Loerenskog (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The authors describe their experience of endocavitary radiotherapy of adenomas and carcinomas of the lower rectum. The method is an alternative for patients who cannot undergo standard surgical procedure or do no want a permanent colostomy. This method is cheap, fast and causes little discomfort to the patients, gives reasonable long-term results and has low morbidity. 11 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Endocavitary radiotherapy in patients with rectal carcinoma. Endokavitaer straalebehandling ved cancer recti

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanum, G.; Tveit, K.M.; Giercksky, K.E. (Det Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway))

    1992-05-01

    Most patients with rectal carcinomas undergo surgery, either a resection with anastomosis or Miles' operation with permanent colostomy. Endocavitary radiotherapy is an alternative to surgery in patients with small carcinomas (Dukes' A) or adenovillous adenomas. The treatment is cheap, simple, gives good local tumour control, has low morbidity and does not require hosptialization. The Norwegian Radium Hospital has recently startet to use this method in selected cases of rectal carcinomas. 12 refs., 1 fig.

  13. Behandlingsprincipper ved rekonstruktioner, forlængelser og opretninger i underekstremiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Ulrik Kähler; Nygaard, Tobias; Kold, Søren V.

    2017-01-01

    degenerative joint disease. Modern motorized intramedullary nails spare the patients for external fixators, and thus complications are being reduced. X-ray, CT-based planning and a thorough clinical examination is essential for a good result. Complications are frequent, and treatment can be lengthy. Modern...

  14. Humant serum-albumin som proteinkilde ved dyrkning af humane oocytter, spermatozoer og praeembryoer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, C Y; Hay-Schmidt, Anders; Byskov, A G

    1991-01-01

    patient serum as source of protein in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment. The pregnancy rate per transplantation was increased from 30% in the serum group (21 pregnant out of 69 transplantations) to 39% in the albumin group (26 pregnant out of 66 transplantations...... takes place, also consists of a source of protein. In order to eliminate the variability of patient sera, a prospective, randomized investigation was performed to elucidate whether a well-defined source of protein such as human serum albumin (hSA-hSA 200 mg/ml, Statens Seruminstitute) can replace......SA is recommended as the source of protein, rather than the patient's own serum in the culture of oocytes, spermatozoa and pre-embryos in IVF-ET treatment....

  15. Rationel antibiotikabehandling kan opnås ved audit og undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Lars; Gahrn-Hansen, Bente; Kolmos, Hans Jørn

    2011-01-01

    A prerequisite for rational antibiotic treatment is the suspicion that the disease is caused by bacteria and that treatment will reduce symptoms and complications. In primary health care most infections are caused by bacteria. The European project HAPPY AUDIT found that an intervention targeting...

  16. Det kliniske forløb ved valproatforgiftning hos en treårig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blicher, Thalia Marie; Vestergaard, Esben Thyssen; Dalhoff, Kim Peder

    2012-01-01

    after accidental intake of 6,000 mg VA. Treatment included activated charcoal. Clinical observation included measurements of blood pressure, cardiac telemetry, and measurements of serum VA and metabolic parameters every 4-6 hrs. The girl was discharged successfully after 72 hrs with her usual dose of VA....

  17. Ruptur af fri venstre ventrikelvaeg, septum og papillaermuskler ved akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeld, Thomas; Hassager, Christian; Hjortdal, Vibeke E.

    2009-01-01

    . This risk of MCA can be reduced by sufficient revascularisation, but these rare differential diagnoses to cardiogenic shock remain important. Echocardiography is the diagnostic gold standard. First line treatment is medical and often mechanical stabilization, but this should not delay quick surgical...

  18. Slaget ved Vejle og andre fortællinger fra Jyske Bank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtsen, Charlotte

    Storytelling som ledelsesværktøj er en form for retorik idet formålet med at bruge fortællinger i kommunikationen fra ledelse til medarbejdere er at påvirke modtagerne/medarbejderne. Imidlertid er refleksioner over modtagerinstansen så godt som fraværende både i den populære debat om storytelling...... og i den eksisterende forskning i emnet. Foruden at introducere til forskningen i storytelling præsenterer artiklens forfatter, som er ph.d.-studerende, en modtagerorienteret analyse af en fortælling fra Jyske Bank....

  19. Lægelig medvirken ved detentionsanbringelser. Et års erfaringer fra Odense politikreds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hardt-Madsen, M; Larsen, C F; Schmidt, D

    1990-01-01

    in 1988. Out of 918 persons placed in detention in the Odense police district, 66% were medically examined and of these 5% were referred to hospital for further examination and/or treatment. Four of these were admitted, three of whom had life-threatening poisonings and one on account of a potentially...

  20. Estimering af bilers brændstofforbrug ved brug af eksisterende GPS data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ove; Lahrmann, Harry; Torp, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    GPS data opsamles i mange sammenhænge f.eks. for at finde køretider i vejnettet. I denne artikel vises, hvorledes eksisterende GPS data kan bruges til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en tur. En metode til at estimere brændstofforbruget for en enkelt tur generaliseres til at kunne estimere...

  1. Dynamiske ekg-forandringer ved Brugada-syndrom, en overset diagnose?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Hofman-Bang, Jacob

    2005-01-01

    Brugada syndrome is a primary electrical disease involving a wide spectrum of phenotypes. The hallmark of Brugada syndrome is the ST elevation in leads V1 to V3. We present three cases of Brugada syndrome. The first patient was diagnosed via routine ECG and a programmed electric stimulation...

  2. Tidlig invasiv undersøgelse af koronarkar er indiceret ved non-ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Stengaard, Carsten; Okkels Jensen, Lisette

    2013-01-01

    Today there is solid evidence that high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction without ST-elevation should undergo routine invasive treatment, preferably with a very short delay. Evidence suggests that acute coronary occlusions are present in many of these patients. Nevertheless, so far n...... no studies have been powered to evaluate the impact of primary percutaneous coronary intervention on outcome in this patient population. With the advanced, prehospital, diagnostic possibilities available today it would be possible to investigate this issue further....

  3. Plasmaferese ved akut pankreatitis associeret med svær hypertriglyceridæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anders Bech; Schmidt, Palle Nordblad; Damholt, Mette Brimnes

    2016-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis can be caused by hypertriglyceridaemia. The treatment includes lowering of the blood triglyceride levels. We present a case of a 40-year-old woman who was admitted in this condition. She was treated with plasmapheresis, which led to a rapid decline of the blood triglyceride...... levels. The national Danish guidelines on treatment of acute pancreatitis do not mention plasmapheresis as a method of lowering elevated triglyceride levels. We suggest that the guidelines should be revised with attention to this treatment option....

  4. Betydningen af kroppens stilling for det diuretiske respons ved behandling af dekompenseret cirrose og morbus cordis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ring-Larsen, H; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1989-01-01

    The diuretic effect of the supine position was evaluated in six patients with cirrhosis and ascites and six with congestive cardiac failure. All patients received 1 mg bumethanide intravenously and were randomly assigned to either bed rest in the supine position or normal daily activity in the up...

  5. Lægers tavshedspligt ved behandling af unge kan være et dilemma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adolphsen, Caroline; Boisen, Kirsten; Svensson, Jannet

    2016-01-01

    Confidentiality is paramount in healthcare, yet according to Danish guidelines, health professionals have to inform parents about their child´s situation until the age of 18 years. This is in contrast to Danish legislation regarding informed consent, where adolescents aged 15 years can consent to...

  6. Strømmålinger ved Sæby Udløbsledning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben

    Med henblik på at vurdere tidevandsstrømningens amplitude i det kystnære område ud for Sæby har man i ca. 14 dage fra 25.5.81 til 11.6.81 haft udlagt en Aanderraa RCM 4 strømmåler ca. 1 m under overfladen på ca. 4 m vanddybde. Måleren la ca. 900 m fra land i en linje, som var en forlængelse af...

  7. Vesikoamniotisk shunt-terapi ved føtal obstruktiv uropati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, T H; Thorup, Jørgen Mogens; Larsen, T

    1996-01-01

    Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis and oligohydramn......Due to the widespread use of obstetric ultrasound an increasing number of congenital malformations are diagnosed prenatally. Some of these can be treated in utero. A 17 week-old fetus with a posterior urethral valve was diagnosed due to a dilated bladder, bilateral hydronephrosis...

  8. Måling af prokalcitonin kan muligvis begrænse antibiotikaforbruget ved pneumoni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peter; Lindhardt, Bjarne Ørskov

    2012-01-01

    Reduction of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms is imperative. Pneumonia is important in this matter because of its high incidence, subjective diagnostic criteria, and variations in aetiology. Research has focused on the use of a procalcitonin-guided algorithm for antimicrobial stewardship...

  9. Akut koronarangiografi er indiceret ved ST-elevation efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Møller, Jacob Eifer

    2013-01-01

    be offered to patients with a high likelihood of thrombotic coronary lesions, i.e. patients with ST-segment elevation in electrocardiogram (ECG) following resuscitation. This article suggests a triage and referral based on electronic transmission of ECG and teleconference with specialized centres in all...

  10. Analyse af problemstillinger i moderne produktionssystemer ved hjælp af operationsanalytiske metoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulli, Jan

    This PhD thesis consists of 6 volumes, the first being the above-mentioned Resumé. Vol. 2: Some Aspects of Applying Simulated Annealing and Tabu Search to the Quadratic Assignment Problem. Vol. 3: A Hierarchical Approach for the FMS Scheduling Problem Vol. 4: Solving the General Multiprocessor Job-shop...... Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzèrérès) Vol. 5: A Global Tabu Search Procedure for the General Multiprocessor Job-shop Scheduling Problem (co-author: S. Dauzère-Pérès) Vol. 6: Makespan Estimations in Flexible Manufacturing Systems (co-author: J.C. Fransoo, T.G. de Kok)...

  11. Menstruationsforstyrrelser ved insulinkraevende diabetes mellitus--epidemiologi og årsager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støving, R K; Hangaard, J; Pedersen, K K

    1994-01-01

    About 20% of all women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) have menstrual irregularities. Eight percent have amenorrhea. Fluctuations in blood glucose and insulin concentration are probably contributing factors, but the irregular menstrual cycles are mainly caused by disorders in the ...

  12. Både krucifikser og figurer af Jomfru Maria blev smidt ud af kirkerne ved Reformationen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn; McGuire, Brian Patrick

    2016-01-01

    Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie......Interview med dronning Margrethe om blandt andet Reformationen kalder på et par supplerende kommentarer, lyder det fra en lektor og en professor i middelalderhistorie...

  13. Hvad ved Herbener om det moderne Europas rødder?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn

    2016-01-01

    I FORBINDELSE MED den nyligt udgivne samtalebog med og om dronning Margrethe - ' De dybeste rødder' - fremførte religionshistoriker Jens-André P.......I FORBINDELSE MED den nyligt udgivne samtalebog med og om dronning Margrethe - ' De dybeste rødder' - fremførte religionshistoriker Jens-André P....

  14. Tværsektorielt samarbejde ved behandling af patienter med type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Lene; Røder, Michael E; Hansen, Ida H

    2018-01-01

    Hovedbudskaber • Sundhedsstyrelsen lægger vægt på tværsektorielt samarbejde omkring patienten med type 2-diabetes, men denne tankegang er dog ikke implementeret i det danske sundhedsvæsen • På organisatorisk niveau kan en stratificerings- og forløbsmodel give anvisninger til opgave- og...... udnyttelse af sundhedsvæsenets ressourcer samtidig med, at behandling af høj kvalitet fastholdes og udvikles for patienter med type 2-diabetes...

  15. Iatrogen perforation of the rectum following barium enema; Iatrogen perforasjon av rectum ved roentgen colon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eggum, R.; Kressner, U.; Haffner, J. [Buskerud Central Hospital, Drammen (Norway)

    1998-05-01

    Perforation of the rectum following barium enema is relatively rare, occurring in 1 of 3,000 procedures. Colorectal perforation is a serious condition and early diagnosis is of paramount importance in order to avoid any delay in treating the patient. Direct suture of the perforation, lavage, presacral drainage and stomia are the preferred methods of primary surgical treatment. 10 refs., 1 fig.

  16. Er vi ved at date os til døde?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2014-01-01

    Den amerikanske kulturkritiker Neil Postman skrev tilbage i 1970'erne om fjernsynets indflydelse på vores forstand, vores kognitive kompetencer, vores kulturelle præferencer og i bund og grund om vores civilisations intellektuelle tilstand....

  17. Risiko for anastomoselækage ved postoperativ behandling med nonsteroide antiinflammatoriske stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, M.; Gögenür, Ismayil; Rosenberg, J.

    2010-01-01

    Anastomotic leakage is the most serious complication following colorectal resection. Recently, focus has been on possible effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Animal studies have found a correlation between treatment with NSAIDs and increased leakage rate, impaired anastomotic...... strength and reduced deposition of hydroxyproline. Retrospective human studies have reported increased leakage rates after postoperative diclofenac and celecoxib treatment. We recommend that diclofenac and celecoxib be omitted from analgesic regimens after colorectal surgery involving an anastomosis...

  18. Høj fysisk aktivitet ved kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom er en vigtig del af behandlingen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rugbjerg, Mette; Lange, Peter; Iepsen, Ulrik Winning

    2016-01-01

    High physical activity is important in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease treatment Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have lower activity levels than healthy controls. Loss of skeletal muscle affects COPD negatively, and strengthening of the musculature is probably part...... of the explanation for the positive effects of physical activity. This review de­scribes the recent literature on restoring and maintaining physical activity in COPD and the importance of maintaining high physical activity levels. Furthermore, the future per­spectives for research in COPD, physical activity...

  19. Cyclizin er håndkøbsmedicin og har alvorlige bivirkninger ved overdosering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Kasper; Hjorth, Peter

    2018-01-01

    Cyclizine is sold in Denmark as an over-the-counter drug and affects not only histaminergic but also muscarinergic, serotonergic and α-adrenergic receptors, with side effects such as respiratory depression and cardiac arrhythmias, leading to fatalities. Due to the numerous side effects, it raises...... questions concerning the status of cyclizine as an over-the-counter drug. Data of healthcare contacts because of cyclizine intoxication in the 2014-2016 period should be analyzed to further illuminate the health risk of cyclizine poisoning....

  20. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...... patients entering clinical randomized trials were studied. We sought to assess whether the risk of bleeding increased after the introduction of the CURE criteria in an unselected population of Danish patients with NSTEMI or UAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CURE criteria were implemented in the Department...

  1. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Høyer, Anette Pernille

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage...

  2. Der er dokumenteret effekt af ekstrakorporal fotoferese ved T-celle-medierede sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofoed, Kristian; Schiødt, Ida; Gniadecki, Robert

    2011-01-01

    During extra corporeal photopheresis (ECP) 1.500 ml blood is extracted. Leucocytes are separated by centrifugation. Methoxsalen is added to the leucocytes and activated by UVA light. After treatment leucocytes are returned to the patient. ECP is a part of the treatment of acute and chronic graft...

  3. Retlige, retssikkerhedsmæssige og resocialiserende omkostninger ved sagsomkostninger i straffesager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Annette

    2014-01-01

    According to the Danish Administration of Justice Act, the state has a right of recourse against criminal offenders to recover legal costs (expenses to defense lawyers, DNA-tests, technical and accounting investigations etc.). Denmark is the only Scandinavian country, and most likely the only...... country in the European Union, who does not take the income level of the convicted into consideration, when calculating the legal costs. Nor has Denmark a common practice of remitting convicted’s considerable legal costs. This article focuses on concerns were legal principles, rule of law...... and reintegration of ex-prisoners are affected negatively by the legislation concerning legal costs...

  4. God hygiejne vigtig ved brug af råmælksbank

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsting, Christian Friis; Røntved, Christine M.; Martin, Henrik L

    2009-01-01

    Undersøgelse viste højere bakterieindhold i råmælken end forventet, hvilket har fået afgørende betydning for håndteringen af råmælk på KFC. Artiklen beskriver en metode til brug i praksis til bestemmelse af bakterieindholdet i mælk og stiller skarpt på kritiske punkter for at undgå bakterieproble......Undersøgelse viste højere bakterieindhold i råmælken end forventet, hvilket har fået afgørende betydning for håndteringen af råmælk på KFC. Artiklen beskriver en metode til brug i praksis til bestemmelse af bakterieindholdet i mælk og stiller skarpt på kritiske punkter for at undgå...

  5. Primært gastrointestinale symptomer ved malaria hos flygtningebørn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    St-Martin, Gry; Thusgaard, Mikkel; Simonsen, Hanne Marie

    2009-01-01

    We present three cases of malaria in refugee children newly arrived from Sub-saharan Africa. Only one of the three children had fever and all had high parasite loads (2,5-14% parasitemia). Malaria is an important differential diagnosis in refugees from endemic areas, regardless of whether...

  6. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  7. Fingermetastase fra brystkræft efter fingerkøling ved adjuverende kemoterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brygger, Louise; Cold, Søren

    2015-01-01

    A woman was referred to adjuvant chemotherapy after radical mastectomy. Frozen gloves were used to prevent onycholysis and neurotoxicity. Because of rapid progression of the cancer she received palliative chemotherapy. Shortly after she presented with growing subungual inflammation, first suspected...... to be a felon, but later diagnosed as a metastasis. Acrometastasis is very rare and is often mistaken for infection. The learning point is to consider acrometastasis when treatment for felon fails in patients with a history of cancer. A possible relationship between frozen gloves and acrometastasis cannot...

  8. Bruger- og ekspertinddragelse ved udarbejdelse af online (fag)ordbøger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leroyer, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    This article outlines the tenets of a cooperative framework between expert users, experts and lexicographers in the construction of not only specialised (online) dictionaries but also language for general purposes (LGP) dictionaries. Firstly, the article briefly explains why the topic...... of cooperation with experts has not attracted the attention it deserves: this is due to the side effects of what might be called general language lexicographic hegemony, in which a strong consensual focus is awarded to general language dictionaries and to knowledge of language. Secondly, the article briefly...... in order to meet the knowledge needs of dictionary users in the modern knowledge and information society....

  9. Dissemineret B-celle-lymfom med kardiel involvering ved hiv-infektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ullerup-Aagaard, Henriette; Müllertz, Katrine Mikala

    2012-01-01

    A 44 year-old Somali woman was admitted with chest pain, shortness of breath and weight loss. A transthoracic echocardiography showed extensive intracardiac tumour masses. A transvenous biopsy was performed yielding the diagnosis diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Thoracic and abdominal computed...

  10. Lovende resultater ved ultralydvejledt anlæggelse af nerveblokade hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefort, Michèle Reeslev; Henneberg, Steen; Bille, Anders Bastholm

    2011-01-01

    Nerve blocks play an increasingly important role in pediatric regional anaesthesia. The benefits are numerous compared to standard pain regimens. The use of ultrasound (US) for nerve blocks lowers the volume of local anaesthetics applied, shortens the on-set time and results in higher success rates....... Furthermore, US has the potential to reduce the rate of complications. This review describes both classic and US guided techniques for the periferal nerve blocks used for pediatric abdominal and thoracic surgery and briefly discusses the advantages and disadvantages of applying US....

  11. Ventetid og omkostninger ved diagnostik og behandling af stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Rikke; Sanchez, Ricardo

    Introduction: The objective of this pilot study was to examine possible consequences of a logistically non-optimal regimen, for the diagnosis and treatment of stable angina pectoris, on waiting time and costs to inform whether a larger study is warranted. Material and methods: Retrospective cohort...... study among 104 consecutive patients referred on suspected stable angina pectoris. Data on the diagnostic regimen was systematically collected from patient files and data on other resource use was collected using a questionnaire for self- reporting. Non-parametric bootstrapping was applied. Results...... of stable angina pectoris, which ceteris paribus would be associated with cost savings in the health care sector. However, these potentials should be examined in a larger- scale study....

  12. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage....... Group 2 were mobilized one day after the operation with a two-layer compression bandage (Pro-Guide). There was no difference in healing or frequency of complications. The patients treated with Pro-Guide had significantly fewer admission days and out-patient consultations. Larger randomized trials...

  13. Lokalisation af tumorbaerende tarmsegment ved laparoskopisk colonkirurgi. Peroperativ koloskopi eller praeoperativ tatovering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ghahremanlou, Reza; Bulut, Orhan; Jess, Per

    2005-01-01

    Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site.......Tumor localization may be critical in laparoscopic surgery because manual palpation may not be possible. This study focused on the need for intraoperative colonoscopy to identify the tumor site. We also present our preliminary experiences with preoperative tattoo of the resection site....

  14. Nye molekylaere markører ved de kroniske myeloproliferative sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Thomas Stauffer; Pallisgaard, Niels; Christensen, Jacob Haaber

    2006-01-01

    The Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders feature autonomous myeloid hyperproliferation and hypersensitivity to a number of growth factors, which most recently have been shown to be explained by a guanine-to-thymidine mutation in the Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK2) gene, implica...

  15. Radon som sporgas for jordluftindtrængning til hus ved forurenet renserigrund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, C.E.

    2001-01-01

    udeluftens koncentration, og selv en meget lille indtrængning af jordluft til huset kan derfor have stor betydning for dets radonkoncentration. Undersøgelsen bygger bl.a. på kontinuerte målinger af radon,differenstryk, atmosfæretryk, og temperaturer i indeklimaet samt spotmålinger af radon under terrændækket...... slukket. Denne vurdering er dog behæftet med stor usikkerhed, og der er formodentlig tale om et overestimat, idet det eksempelvis er forudsat, atder ikke forekommer diffusion igennem betondækket. Rapporten beskriver desuden en ny metode, hvor radonmålinger anvendes til at vurdere influenszonen for et...

  16. Reduction of electric power consumption in relation to household appliances. Elbesparelser ved husholdningsapparater; Forprojekt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gydesen, A.

    1989-07-15

    Possibilities were investigated for the reduction of electric power consumption in relation to household appliances, and for cooperation with manufacturers in this respect. It is suggested that in the cases of washing-up machines, and washing and drying machines, hot water from the tap could be utilized. This would mean that the energy consumption would then shift to domestic heating equipment, dual-purpose power plants and district heating plants. Ovens, drying machines, washing machines and washing-up machines could use natural gas, especially in areas where this fuel could be conveyed to each household via pipes. Cooperation with manufacturers seems feasible, especially with regard to electric ovens, saucepans for use in combination with the latter, and water beds. Considering future developments, it is reasonable to expect that ultra sound will be utilized in connection with washing-up and washing machines, moreover it is likely that the use of enzymes in washing powders will mean that washing machines will be able to run on cold water. (AB) 21 refs.

  17. Mikrokirurgi ved reanimation, lymfødem og håndkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Christian T.; Jensen, Lisa Toft; Tos, Tina

    2016-01-01

    peripheral nerve surgery as well as brachial plexus surgery. Lymphoedema is being treated with super microsurgery on an experimental basis. Dynamic reconstruction of facial palsy is performed in a two-stage operation with cross-over nerve graft and a free microvascular muscle flap, typically gracilis....

  18. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration....... The neurological signs were probably caused by herpes zoster affection of the oculomotor and optic nerves in association with the facial nerve paresis induced by zoster....

  19. Intratekal baclofenbehandling ved svaer spastisk tetraplegi og dystoni hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illum, Niels Ove; Hansen, Flemming Juul; Fischer, Claudia

    2003-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Continuous intrathecal baclofen has been used over the past years especially in adult patients with spasticity of spinal origin. Children and young adults with severe spasticity and dystonia of cerebral origin are difficult to treat in spite of optimal systemic antispasmotic therapy...

  20. Førstehjælp ved observeret hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lybecker, H; Andersen, C; Frandsen, F

    1990-01-01

    In connection with participation of doctors in the emergency ambulance service in Odense, the number of cases of observed cardiac arrest outside hospital was registered during a period of six months. The object was to assess how often primary treatment for cardiac arrest was instituted by passers......-by before arrival of the ambulance. Seventy-four cases of observed cardiac arrest occurred. In 11 of these (15%) primary resuscitation was attempted outside hospital. In only three (4%) cases the primary resuscitation was undertaken by lay persons. Treatment of cardiac arrest before arrival of the ambulance...

  1. Tidsgevinst ved brug af lægehelikopter til transport af patienter med ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Lars; Hansen, Troels Martin; Hesselfeldt, Rasmus

    2013-01-01

    . Helipads should be adjoining the percutaneous coronary intervention centre in order to allow direct transfer without the ambulance transfer. Helicopters that can operate both day and night and in poor visibility are recommended. Specially trained physicians, able to provide the required, advanced, in-flight...

  2. Manglende evidens for skadelig effekt på knogleheling ved behandling med NSAID

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janum, Susanne; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne

    2012-01-01

    discard of NSAID for postoperative pain relief in uncomplicated cases. However, NSAID should be considered a potentiel risk factor of impaired bone healing and avoided in patients with a high risk of pseudoarthrosis. Recommended daily doses should be respected and duration of treatment should be limited....

  3. ABC kommer før genopvarmning ved svær hypotermi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Jens; Kjærgaard, Benedict

    2014-01-01

    The treatment of accidental hypothermia is still controversial and is missing detailed evidence-based guidelines. Current knowledge suggests that advanced trauma life support principles must be prioritized ahead of rewarming. In case of cardiac arrest, initiation of extracorporeal circulation....... Unconscious below 32 °C. 3. Absent respiration and circulation below 32 °C....

  4. Virusinfektioner spiller en vigtig rolle ved akut forværring af astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Asger; Backer, Vibeke; Porsbjerg, Celeste

    2014-01-01

    Upper respiratory tract infections with common virusses is the most frequent cause of asthma exacerbations. Numerous defects in both epithelial function, pathogen recognition and innate immune signalling has been demonstrated in patients with asthma. The subject of this review is these recent fin...

  5. Biomarkører ved diagnostik af Alzheimers sygdom i tidlig fase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kristian S; Hasselbalch, Steen; Law, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Alzheimer's disease is responsible for 40-50% of dementia cases. Future treatment may include disease-modifying compounds unlikely to be efficient if administered late in the course, thus necessitating early diagnosis. Furthermore, revised diagnostic research criteria that include biomarkers...

  6. Bivirkninger som årsag til seponering af donepezil ved Alzheimers demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carøe, Tanja Korfitsen; Moe, Claus

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective was to investigate the frequency of adverse events (AE) as a cause for discontinuation of donepezil treatment for Alzheimer's dementia (DAT) in a geriatric memory unit. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five-year retrospective study of 123 donepezil-treated patients diagnosed...... mixed dementia. A total of 100 (81%) were female while 23 (19%) were male. The median age was 84 years. In all, 26 (21%) patients discontinued treatment due to AE. The most frequent AE were nausea/vomiting, diarrhoea and loss of appetite. CONCLUSION: In 21% of the cases treatment was discontinued within...... 12 months due to AE. The most frequent AEs were nausea/vomiting, diarrhoea and loss of appetite. For the most part discontinuation took place within the initial three months. However, some treatments were not discontinued until after six months; consequently, treatment should be supervised...

  7. Pupilparalyse. En sjaelden komplikation ved øjeninfektion med Varicella zoster-virus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallas, P

    2001-01-01

    Pupillary paralysis and paresis of the peripheral facial nerve on the left side was found in a 68-year-old man with concussion and herpes zoster ophthalmicus on the left eye. Post mortem examination showed no sign of intracranial hemorrhage. The cause of death was pulmonary oedema and aspiration...

  8. Risiko for affektion af centralnervesystemet ved brug af mobiltelefon--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schüz, Joachim; Waldemar, Gunhild; Olsen, Jørgen H

    2009-01-01

    for migraine and vertigo and 30-40% less hospital contacts than expected for dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular and other dementia), Parkinson's disease and epilepsy among men. No associations were seen for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, multiple sclerosis or epilepsy in women. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Nov-2......In a large nationwide cohort study including 420,095 persons whose first mobile phone subscription was between 1982 and 1995, who were followed through 2003 for hospital contacts for a diagnosis of a central nervous system disease, we observed 10-20% more hospital contacts than expected...

  9. Følg de nationale retningslinjer ved mistanke om kolorektal cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serup-Branda, Lone; Laurberg, Jacob M; Bjerregaard, Niels Chr.

    2008-01-01

    Danish National Guidelines (DNG) for diagnostic strategy of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) symptoms are structured to ensure prompt and specific diagnostic testing, thus minimizing treatment delay. DNG state that the function of the general practitioner is to refer patients to a specialist...

  10. Udokumenterede regimer ved hofte- og knæalloplastik kan forringe behandlingsresultatet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husted, Henrik; Troelsen, Anders; Kehlet, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    to existing evidence. Fast track surgery is an example of replacing traditions with evidence-based clinical features in order to optimise perioperative outcome. This article reviews some traditions that may influence outcome regarding pain, infection, blood loss, mobilisation, length of stay in hospital...

  11. Antibiotikumprofylakse ved tandbehandling hos patienter med hofte- eller knaeledsalloplastik er sjaeldent nødvendig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Holmberg; Fuursted, Kurt; Holmstrup, Palle

    2010-01-01

    A review of the literature with respect to whether antibiotic prophylaxis should be recommended in relation to dental treatment of patients with hip or knee joint prosthesis. We find no evidence for such a general recommendation. As neutropenic patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis are ...... are generally more prone to develop periprosthetic infections it can be considered in these cases to give prophylactic antibiotics before more extensive dental treatments....

  12. Neuromuskulær elektrostimulation forbedrer funktionsniveauet ved meget svær kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Al-Gibouri, Salam; Ringbæk, Thomas; Lange, Peter

    2013-01-01

    effect of muscle strength and endurance in patients with advanced COPD and in patients with acute COPD exacerbations. However, this positive effect is not seen in patients with moderate COPD. We suggest that NMES should be integrated in rehabilitation programmes for patients with severe COPD.......Muscle atrophy and exertional dyspnoea are common in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a new type of training for these patients. A number of randomized trials show that NMES has a positive physiological and clinical...

  13. Er idrætslæreren ved at få en ny innovativ rolle?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Sedentarismen – stillesiddende aktivitet – har nu også ramt børn og unge. Det kan derfor meget nemt opfattes som et paradoks, at vi netop nu laver et temanummer om IT og idræt. Ikke desto mindre findes der efterhånden mange gadgets og apps, som kan bruges i forbindelse med idræt og fysisk aktivit...

  14. Primaer brystrekonstruktion i forbindelse med mastektomi ved mammacancer. Indikation, procedure og umiddelbare operative resultater

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elberg, J J; Mollerup, C L; Dahlstrøm, K K

    2000-01-01

    Mastectomy and immediate reconstruction of 122 breasts were performed in 109 patients in close collaboration between plastic surgeons and general surgeons. In 56 patients reconstruction was performed using tissue expanders including 13 bilateral operations, 29 patients had a latissimus dorsi...

  15. Kortsigtede økonomiske virkninger for Nanortalik ved en kommunesammenlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lars

    2006-01-01

    to the centre is the basis for calculating the potential loss of gross income (wages and profits) in the first years of the reform. With the civil servants follow some adults and children. On top of the direct loss of income come derived losses determined by a multiplier process. The size of the multiplier...... skilled workers operating a nearby gold mine. It is stressed that the paper doesn't evaluate the proposal for a reform, neither for the South of Greenland nor for Greenland as a whole. It is about possible very short term local effects...

  16. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short lear-ning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback....... No evidence from clinical trials for the potential benefits of robotic surgery exists. Thus, 3D laparoscopy is an eligible alternative to both 2D laparoscopy and robotic surgery....

  17. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel-cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  18. Nutidige og fremtidige aspekter ved robotkirurgi inden for øsofagus-ventrikel cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achiam, Michael Patrick; Jendresen, Marianne; Svendsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    and ergonomic discomfort for the surgeons, but these drawbacks are expected to be reduced by robot-assisted surgery with its seven degrees of freedom, 3D vision, tremor filtering and improved ergonomics. The purpose of the review is to describe the current and future use of robot-assisted surgery for gastro...

  19. Tredimensional laparoskopi har potentiale til at erstatte todimensional laparoskopi ved abdominalkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fergo, Charlotte; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob

    2016-01-01

    Studies comparing three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy with 2D laparoscopy have shown shorter operation time, a short learning curve as well as better depth perception. Robotic surgery includes the EndoWrist function in addition to the 3D view; however robotic surgery lacks haptic feedback....... No evidence from clinical trials for the potential benefits of robotic surgery exists. Thus, 3D laparoscopy is an eligible alternative to both 2D laparoscopy and robotic surgery....

  20. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anæstesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  1. Det skriftlige udtryk i bachelorprojekter ved Fysioterapeutuddannelserne i København og Oslo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hovmand, Bente; Andersen, Bente; Sjöberg, Nils Erik

    2008-01-01

    . At both institutions the project is compulsory. The purpose was to learn more about Bachelor projects by comparing and contrasting Bachelor theses from the institutions, looking into structure, content and methods. Relevance: This study is in line with the European Higher Education Area (EHEA......): Transparency, coherence and tuning. The Bologna Declaration introduced the ECTS system, common grading system and common degree-system. Tuning of educational frames, content, and evaluation of Bachelor projects is important to clarify the level of the Bachelor project. Description: All abstracts from 2007 (86...... from Oslo and 51 from Oresund) and 7 bachelor theses from each institution of the 2 highest grades and of the 2 lowest grades of passed were included , as well as documents describing content and criteria. Each Education evaluated the theses using their own grading criteria. Written evaluations were...

  2. Analytiske potentialer ved forskellige tilgange til studiet af pædagogisk teori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Sandbjerg; Øland, Trine

    2014-01-01

    Pædagogisk teori indgår som obligatoriske og selvfølgelige elementer i professionsuddannelser og universitetsuddannelser indenfor det pædagogiske område, ofte relateret til ’handlescenarier’ og ’problemstillinger’ i pædagogisk praksis. Men hvad der til stadighed lades ude af synsfeltet, er hvordan...

  3. Det arterielle blodtryks afhaengighed af hjertets fyldning ved svaer ortostatisk hypotension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, J; Haedersdal, C; Stokholm, K H

    1995-01-01

    The present study aimed at an investigation of the relation between arterial blood pressure and cardiac filling in patients with severe postural hypotension. Seven patients aged 49 to 84 years were studied during head-up tilt at three different tilt angles (median values: 0, 25, and 45 degrees...... with a reduction in left ventricular end-diastolic volume index from 59 ml m-2 (30-65) to 36 ml m-2 (23-44) and 22 ml m-2 (16-38; p postural reductions in cardiac output were unopposed by vasoconstriction. The study has demonstrated that blood pressure......) using intraarterial blood pressure recordings and estimates of left ventricular volumes by radioisotope ventriculography. Mean arterial blood pressure was reduced from 105 mmHg (79-129) in the horizontal position to 97 mmHg (61-112) and 83 mmHg (36-93; p

  4. Tenkning i sykepleie om eksklusjon av foreldre ved barns innleggelse i sykehus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildegunn Sundal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analyses of textbooks in nursing, of photographs and numerous other documents suggest that parents had limited access to participate in the care for their hospitalized children in Norway in the period 1877-1940. The analyses are conducted in the tradition of the French philosopher Michel Foucault’s writings on discipline. In accordance with Foucault’s understanding, it seems logical that ideas about parenting exclusion had impact even within the hospital health care system in the current era, provided the general separation of parents and children in the modern industrial society at large. In this perspective, exclusion of parents in the hospital health care system may be considered a consequence of employers’ interests with regard to productivity, the lack of welfare services for parents, and the fear of parents transmitting infections from the hospitals.

  5. Tidlig identifikation og behandling af kredsløbssvigt ved svær sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Nicolai; White, Jonathan; Perner, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Severe sepsis is a leading cause of death characterised by infection-induced endothelial and cardiac dysfunction leading to hypovolaemia, maldistribution of flow, tissue ischaemia and organ failure. A clinical approach with focus on cardiovascular diagnostics and rational goal-directed therapy...

  6. Forøget renal udskillelse af antibiotika kan resultere i underdosering ved sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moser, Claus; Hartvig, Tom; Schierbeck, Jens

    2016-01-01

    Early, relevant antibiotic treatment is of pivotal significance for survival for patients with sepsis. Recent reports reveal, that critically ill patients may need substantially higher dosing of antibiotics than the usual standards. The background is the newly described augmented renal clearance...... (ARC), which can be observed in critically ill patients with sepsis. ARC results in significantly reduced antibiotic concentrations in patients with sepsis and can potentially have fatal consequences. The purpose of this paper is to make medical doctors aware of the phenomenon and to compensate...

  7. Magnetic resonance tomography in skeletal and soft tissue traumas; Magnetisk resonanstomografi ved skjelett- og bloetdelstraumer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stiris, Morten G

    2000-07-01

    MRI has revolutionised the diagnostic yield in musculo-skeletal trauma. Studies have documented that MRI can be an accurate, cost-effective means of assessing injuries in the knee, the foot and the ankle and it may also be cost-effective in other anatomic locations. MRTI may have a significant impact on decision-making in relation to these patients and on the follow-up. The patient does not need to be moved for evaluation in all the anatomical planes. Each study can also be post-processes if necessary. MRI may be used in patients with fractures for evaluation of complications. The fracture lines as well as accompanying soft tissue damage are well documented.

  8. Primær perkutan koronar-intervention som en national reperfusionsstrategi ved ST-elevationsmyokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorsted Sørensen, Jacob; Steengaard, Carsten; Holmvang, Lene

    2013-01-01

    The use of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as the preferred reperfusion strategy in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requires optimal systems-of-care and logistics in order to enable rapid treatment of all patients. In Denmark, this has been achieved through prehospital...... electrocardiogram diagnosis, field triage and dedicated PCI centres 24/7. Today, primary PCI is an option for all Danish patients with STEMI, regardless of the distance to a PCI centre. This has led to a decline in both mortality and morbidity....

  9. At ikke-planlægge ved hjælp af kort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian; Galland, Daniel; Hvingel, Line Træholt

    2016-01-01

    Byplanlægning har en klar geografisk dimension. Eftersom at planlægningen ofte sker 'med den brede pensel', skaber det nogle gange udfordringer i forhold til kortet, hvis natur ofte er en mere præcis afbildning af en given situation. Kravene til fysisk planlægning sker i Danmark gennem planloven....... Det er interessant, hvordan man gennem lovtekst har forsøgt at beskrive forholdet mellem visionær planlægning og tilhørende kort. Planloven er på mange måder en rammesættende lov, der udstikker nogle formkrav til indholdet, men hvor selve indholdet besluttes af de respektive myndigheder. På...

  10. Kommunikation på hospital ved hjælp af standardiseret metode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ydemann, Mogens

    2012-01-01

    We know from the aviation industry and several studies, that efficient and safe communication is extremely important, especially in emergencies. This study evaluated the use of the "identification, situation, background, analysis and recommendation" (ISBAR) checklist, when doctors from the depart......We know from the aviation industry and several studies, that efficient and safe communication is extremely important, especially in emergencies. This study evaluated the use of the "identification, situation, background, analysis and recommendation" (ISBAR) checklist, when doctors from...

  11. EU-retlige og forvaltningsretlige aspekter ved kommunernes tilsyn med taxiførere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henning Fuglsang

    2011-01-01

    Afhandlingen gennemgår taxilovens krav til kommunernes tilsyn med førere af taxier, herunder særligt de eu-retlige og forvaltningsretlige problemer i dette tilsyn.......Afhandlingen gennemgår taxilovens krav til kommunernes tilsyn med førere af taxier, herunder særligt de eu-retlige og forvaltningsretlige problemer i dette tilsyn....

  12. Trombolyse og akut myokardieinfarkt. Mindre restiskoemi ved førstegangs akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, H F; Pless, P; Nielsen, J R

    1994-01-01

    % in reperfused patients versus 62% in controls. During 36-hour ambulatory ST-segment monitoring, however, the duration of myocardial ischaemia was significantly reduced in thrombolyzed patients: 322 minutes versus 1144 minutes in controls (p work capacity...... in thrombolyzed patients compared with controls: 160 +/- 41 versus 139 +/- 34 W (p reduces residual myocardial ischaemia. The reduced ischaemic burden is assumed...

  13. Intravenøs administration af lipid ved forgiftning med lipofilt laegemiddel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjønnemand, Martin; Damgaard-Jensen, Jens; Gottschau, Bo

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To draw attention to the use of intravenous lipids in the treatment of cardiac arrests caused by overdosage of lipophilic drugs. Case reports and animal studies have shown beneficial use of lipids in severe intoxication. The literature is reviewed. CONCLUSION: Lipids have a place in th...

  14. Storkarsvaskulitis påvist ved PET/CT hos patient med initialt formodet cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Francis; Skøt, Jens; Bülow, Jens

    2012-01-01

    Large vessel vasculitis, including giant cell arteritis and Takayasu arteritis, is traditionally diagnosed and classified according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, which do not include findings on imaging modalities. We present a case in which non-invasive imaging with 18F...

  15. Generel anæstesi anvendes for hyppigt ved akut sectio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frydshou, Andreas; Mitchell, Anja U; Møller, Ann

    2012-01-01

    As general anaesthesia (GA) for caesarean section (CS) compared to regional anaesthesia (RA) can increase maternal risks, it has been suggested that 85% of all acute CS should be performed in RA. We observed whether anaesthesiologists at a Danish university hospital over a 4,5 year-period fulfill...

  16. Sammenligning af profylaktisk ephedrin- og profylaktisk phenylephrininfusion ved spinal anaestesi til kejsersnit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Møller, Ann M; Hangaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery may be associated with hypotension and fetal acidosis. Prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine (PE) immediately after the induction of anaesthesia appears to be a more effective approach than administration of ephedrine to reduce the incidence, frequency a...

  17. Ved Irena Sendlers og præsident Lech Kaczynskis død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Karsten

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen handler hovedsagelig om den polske kvinde Irena Sendler, som blev nomineret til Nobels fredspris for sin enestående indsats for at redde jødiske børn i Warszawas ghetto, men døde i en alder af 98 år uden at have fået den – kort før flystyrtet som berøvede den polske præsident Kaczynski l...

  18. Cricoideatryk a.m. Sellick ved akut anæstesiindledning?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrøm, Henrik Bitz; Belhage, Bo

    2007-01-01

    of cricoid pressure is discussed. The findings suggest that it may have harmful effects in connection with intubation, laryngeal mask placement and ventilation. In conclusion, it is suggested that cricoid pressure is released in the case of intubation difficulties.......Since Brian Sellick introduced the cricoid pressure in 1961, it has become standard practice for the rapid sequence intubation. The manoeuvre has a high priority and is recommended maintained even during difficult intubation. In this review the lack of evidence for the aspiration-reducing effect...

  19. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form...... of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine...

  20. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Lunding, Jytte

    2014-01-01

    In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological...... mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine, and this article reviews clinical and therapeutic aspects of the syndrome....

  1. Fra mentee til mentor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Interview med mentee og mentor ved Birger Søndergård, videodokumenteret ved Jan Apollo - til undervisningsbrug.......Interview med mentee og mentor ved Birger Søndergård, videodokumenteret ved Jan Apollo - til undervisningsbrug....

  2. New Vacuum Electronic Devices for Radar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Yinfu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Vacuum Electronic Devices (VEDs which are considered as the heart of a radar system, play an important role in their development. VEDs and radar systems supplement and promote each other. Some new trends in VEDs have been observed with advancements in the simulation tools for designing VEDs, new materials, new fabrication techniques. Recently, the performance of VEDs has greatly improved. In addition, new devices have been invented, which have laid the foundation for the developments of radar detection technology. This study introduces the recent development trends and research results of VEDs from microwave and millimeter wave devices and power modules, integrated VEDs, terahertz VEDs, and high power VEDs.

  3. Hvordan fungerer samvirke mellom landbaserte nødetater og maritime ressurser ved ulykker i umiddelbar nærhet til land? Et kvalitativt blikk på redningsarbeidet etter helikopterulykken ved Turøy.

    OpenAIRE

    Haugen, Eirik Solheim; Løvskogen, Tom Arild; Røstgård, Synne Elise

    2017-01-01

    Bacheloroppgave i beredskap og krisehåndtering 2017 Vi har valgt samvirke, og konkret samvirke mellom landbaserte nødetater og maritime ressurser, som tema for vår oppgave. Utfordringer knyttet til samordning og koordinering har vært tilbakevendende i flere av fagene i studiet, noe som gjør at vi synes dette både er interessant og aktuelt å se nærmere på. Vi mener også at det kan finnes en slags gråsone i grensesnittet mellom land og sjø, og håper derfor at vår avhandling kan være med på å...

  4. Fysisk traening ved type 2-diabetes. Er tre gange ti minutter om dagen bedre end 30 minutter?--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl-Petersen, Inger; Eriksen, Louise; Haugaard, Steen B

    2009-01-01

    We compared the effects on glycaemic control of two different exercise protocols in elderly men with type 2-diabetes; one 30-minute session per day (1 x 30) and three 10-minute sessions per day (3 x 10). Cardiopulmonary fitness increased in both groups. Improvement in glycaemic control was only...... found in the 3 x 10 group. A likely explanation is that the total energy expenditure during training performed as multiple sessions is higher than the expenditure achieved during a single session per day. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Mar-9...

  5. Radiological imaging in patients with low back pain and sciatica[6 figs., 14 refs]; Billeddiagnostikk ved lumbago og isjas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dullerud, R. [Aker Sykehus, Oslo (Norway)

    1999-05-01

    Low back pain and sciatica are among the most common medical problems in Western countries, affecting up to 80% of the population at some time during their lives. Plain radiography is still a sensitive method in degenerative spinal disease and for the identification of spondylolysis and destructions as well as transitional vertebra and other anomalies in the lumbosacral region. In lumbar disk herniation CT and MR have higher sensitivity than lumbar myelography and should be used as the primary imaging methods. Myelography is still the method of choice in lumbar spinal stenosis. Myelography should also be considered in patients with poor consistency between CT and MR findings and the clinical presentation. Postoperatively MR is superior to CT and myelography for distinguishing between scar tissue and recurrent disk herniation.

  6. Forskelle på ordinationsmønstret af analgetika ved behandling af cancersmerter på seks danske smertebehandlingsenheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Anne Estrup; Jarvig, Line; Hansen, Ole Bo

    2007-01-01

    . For the treatment of background pain opioids were prescribed for the majority of the cancer patients. Morphine and oxycodone were prescribed most frequently. Secondary analgesics and paracetamol and/or NSAID were also prescribed for background pain. The strong opioids were prescribed for the treatment......30-40% of cancer patients suffer from pain at diagnosis while 70-80% of patients at progressed stages of the disease suffer from pain. Background pain is treated with long-acting opioids. Breakthrough pain can be treated with shorter acting non-opioid analgesics or opioids. The aim of this study...... was to describe the medical treatment of pain in cancer patients in connection with six Danish hospital units with special expertise in pain treatment. Differences in the prescription of analgesics were studied. The study was performed as a cross section study of prescribed analgesics. Data was collected...

  7. Håndskader opstået ved brug af hydrauliske brændekløvemaskiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, R

    1998-01-01

    or more persons were operating the logsplitter and 40% of the machines had no emergency stop button. The hazards mentioned above influenced the injury frequence and severity. We therefore recommend improved prophylactic measures and precautions to be considered. For the old machines a campaign...

  8. Hitler blev mere populær i de første år ved magten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2018-01-01

    Historisk set. Ønsket om revanche efter Versailles-freden var vigtigt for mange tyskere, men ønsket om arbejde gjorde udslaget. Kommentar i anledning af årsdagen for Hitlers magtovertagelse den 30. januar 1933.......Historisk set. Ønsket om revanche efter Versailles-freden var vigtigt for mange tyskere, men ønsket om arbejde gjorde udslaget. Kommentar i anledning af årsdagen for Hitlers magtovertagelse den 30. januar 1933....

  9. Normal D-dimer ved dyb venøs trombose i en overekstremitet hos to patienter med pacemaker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrne, Christina; Abdulla, Jawdat; Christensen, Jan Kim

    2015-01-01

    Danish guidelines recommend the use of D-dimer to exclude deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in the lower extremities. However, guidelines are lacking for DVT in the upper extremities. We describe two young women with transvenous pacemaker electrodes and symptomatic DVT in related veins. Despite a normal...

  10. Teknik ved abortus provocatus, vabrasio og vakuumekstraktion. Klinisk afprøvning af Ambu Twin Pump 1000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krebs, L; Ingemanssen, Jens Lindgren; Jaszczak, P P

    1994-01-01

    Ambu Twin Pump 1000 is a suction pump designed for pharyngeal and tracheal suction in emergency situations. The pump can be operated by foot or by hand. The object of this test was to evaluate the applicability of the pump in performing legal abortion (before 13th. week), suction curettage...... and has sufficient suction capacity for the mentioned purposes. For induced abortion the pump was provided with a 200 ml reservoir for cleaning purposes....

  11. Behandling med duodenal-jejunal bypass-sleeve ved svær overvægt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohde, Ulrich; Gylvin, Silas; Vilmann, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Overweight and obesity are risk factors for several co-morbidities reducing life expectancy. Conservative treatment of obesity is generally ineffective in the long-term. Bariatric surgery has proven effective, but is associated with potential complications. Duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve is a novel...

  12. Taiwans multi-etniske samfund og den oprindelige befolknings postkoloniale situation eksemplificeret ved genindførelsen af traditionelle ritualer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rudolph, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Since the middle of the 1990s, traditionalist performances were on the rise in Taiwan. Generously subsidized by government bodies, aboriginal elites now not only publicly worshipped ancestor gods and enacted animal sacrifices in so called revitalized rituals, but also used these occasions to point...

  13. Normal D-dimer ved dyb venøs trombose i en overekstremitet hos to patienter med pacemaker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Byrne, Christina; Abdulla, Jawdat; Christensen, Jan Kim

    2015-01-01

    D-dimer, DVT was verified by colour Doppler ultrasound in both cases. The guidelines of American College of Chest Physicians recommend initial evaluation using colour Doppler ultrasound as front-line examination. Accordingly, we suggest a similar revision of Danish guidelines incorporating upper...

  14. Den forelskede hjernen - Hormonelle og strukturelle målområder, samt helsemessige gevinster ved forelskelse

    OpenAIRE

    Holte, Ane Wensberg

    2013-01-01

    With new technology such as fMRI neuroscientists have started the quest of unravelling the mysteries of the brain when falling in love, such as which hormones are released and what brain areas are activated during the process. New research is also in the making on possible health benefits of falling in love. It is no longer only psychologists who investigate the emotion of love, now that it is concluded that emotions also have neural correlates. Oxytocin, vasopressin, dopamine, and their rece...

  15. Laksekalcitonin ved osteoporose. Effekten af intranasal applikation på knoglemineralindhold og frakturhyppighed hos postmenopausale kvinder med manifeste osteoporotiske forandringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Pernille

    1993-01-01

    The objective was to study the dose-related response of intranasal salmon calcitonin (Salcatonin) on bone mass and bone turnover and the effect of salcatonin on rates of fracture in elderly women with moderate osteoporosis. A total of 208 healthy women aged 68-72 years, who had a bone mineral...... mg calcium daily. In the calcium-(placebo)-treated group the BMC of the spine increased 1%, whereas an increase of 3% was seen in the 200 IU Salcatonin treated group. There was a dose-related response to Salcatonin manifested by an increase in BMC of 1.0%/100 IU. The incidence of new fractures...... was significantly lower in the women treated with Salcatonin (about one third of that in the non-Salcatonin treated women). In conclusion the results suggest that, compared with calcium alone, Salcatonin given intranasally reduces the rate of fracture by two thirds in elderly women with moderate osteoporosis...

  16. Der er utilstrækkelig evidens for effekten af low-FODMAP-diæt ved colon irritabile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, Laura Rindom; Lyngesen, Malene; Bytzer, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The low FODMAP (Fermentable Oligo-, Di- and Monosaccharides and Polyoles) diet (LFD) allegedly reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Eleven studies have examined the effects of LFD on IBS. Most studies reported a symptomatic effect, but methodological weaknesses such as lack...

  17. Præhospital behandling ved større udendørs musikfestival. Økonomiske aspekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, J B; Larsen, C F

    1994-01-01

    An emergency facility was provided at the Midtfyn Rock Music Festival in 1990 (comprising 7,000 musicians and ancillaries and an overall public attendance of 60,000). A total of 329 patients were treated at the facility during the four and a half days that the festival lasted. The numbers of dise...... to the community was estimated to be about 25,000 DKR. Thus, the provision of an emergency facility was cost-effective, and is recommended at such mass outdoor gatherings as cultural and sports events....

  18. Det særlige ved at lave et projekt i Nationalt Videncenter for Læsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Henriette Romme

    2009-01-01

    Nationalt Videncenter for Læsnings kommunikationskonsulent har interviewet projektdeltagere om, hvor de så det særlige i at lave et projekt i regi af Nationalt Videncenter for Læsning......Nationalt Videncenter for Læsnings kommunikationskonsulent har interviewet projektdeltagere om, hvor de så det særlige i at lave et projekt i regi af Nationalt Videncenter for Læsning...

  19. Der er evidens for profylaktisk magnesiumsulfat som neuroprotektion ved præmature fødsler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wolf, Hanne Trap; Hegaard, Hanne Kristine; Huusom, Lene

    2011-01-01

    Preterm birth increases the child's risk of cerebral palsy. Observational studies as well as randomized studies find that magnesium sulphate given to women in preterm birth decreases such risk. A Cochrane meta-analysis of the randomized studies shows no change in mortality, whereas some...... observational studies find a mortality decrease. It is important to identify the neuroprotective mechanism and to decide whether these results are relevant in the current Danish obstetrical practice. Should we use magnesium sulphate now or should questions about doses, time of administration and maternal side...

  20. Patienters oplevelse af at indgå i sammedagsforløb ved operation for diskusprolaps og spinalstenose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gryet, Inger Markussen; Rasmussen, Bodil Tornbjerg

    disc and spinalstenosis. All the patients' wants to go through day surgery pathway if they need another operation. The patient’s felt secure and ready to discharge. “It was my self who wanted to go home. I said: I feel secure enough to go home.“ The patients experienced shared decision making about......Background The length of stay in the hospital regarding to surgery for herniated disc or spinalstenosis is reduced from an average of 29 hours to 12 hours for a selected group of patients on background of a guideline. The idea to shorten down the length of stay in hospital came from patients......, health care personal and from knowledge about the advantage of fast track pathways. Moreover it is a political strategy in the Danish health care system to enhance effectivity. Before implementing it as a standard, we wanted to investigate how the patients experience the shorten pathways. Objectives...

  1. Consequences for birdlife of installation of smaller wind turbines. Konsekvenser for fuglelivet ved etableringen af mindre vindmoeller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-06-15

    Wind turbine arrays are often placed in open coastal areas which may well be important breeding of gathering localities for a number of bird species. Nine windmill parks (55-99kW) in Denmark have been observed for a period of 15-18 hours (for each park). Local birds appear to habituate to the windmills, and migrating wildfowl, especially swans and geese often change their course at a long distance from the sites. Waders, however do not react until they come close and often react violently, yet only two birds, out of 1939 passing flocks, have been recorded as killed during the period of observation. It was concluded that if windmills are placed in a line at small intervals across a migration route they may present a serious problem to wildfowl and cormorants, for example. The problem is greater where wind turbine arrays have been placed at locations being used as feeding grounds by the birds. It was observed that some species had restricted their feeding areas. It is concluded that windmills present a minor threat to migrating birds compared to radio towers. It is recommended that migration routes and gathering areas of sensitive species, primarily wildfowl and waders, should be avoided as sites for wind turbine arrays. The development of standardized guidelines is advised. (AB) 21 refs.

  2. Hjerneskademarkøren S100B kan mindske brugen af computertomografi ved lette hovedtraumer - sekundærpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma B; Mehnert, Frank; Overgaard, Søren

    2009-01-01

    on the use of blood transfusion was collected from the Danish Transfusion Database (DTDB). The outcome was defined as red blood cell transfusion (yes/no) within eight days of surgery. We estimated the relative risk for red blood cell transfusion (RR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) adjusting for possible...

  3. The ro ole of b bone m cel marrow ls in in w deriv nduced ved me d ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sunny

    patients with Ischemic Stroke (Lee et al., 2010) and animal models of stroke ... Approximately 80% of all strokes are ischemic with occlusion of a ... passages in stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Isolation and cultivation of BM-MSCs. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were harvested from young albino male rats (53 to 58 ...

  4. Design og implementering af to virkemidler, der skal forbedre kvaliteten og øge status af undervisning ved universitetet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Kobayashi, Sofie

    Didaktik, Københavns Universitet. European Commission (2013). Report to the European Commission on Improving the quality of teaching and learning in Europe’s higher education institutions. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. http://ec.europa.eu/education/library/ebooks...

  5. Process for running scrapers, particularly for subsea petroleum well lines; Fremgangsmaate ved kjoering av skrapere, saerlig for undervannspetroleumbroenn-roerledninger

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Jose Eduardo Mendonca da; Herdeiro, Marco Antonio Nogueira; Capplonch, Ricardo Wagner; Miranda, Luiz Vicente Auler Passos

    1997-09-29

    The invention relates to a cleaning method of offshore pipelines. A process for running scrapers for subsea petroleum well lines has, according to a first embodiment, launching a scraper through the line towards the wellhead on a step-by-step basis. The operation proceeds by sending the scraper along successively larger sections via reversing flow through the obstructed line to limit passage of the scraper to that obstructed line, until the whole line is swept. Furthermore, according to a second embodiment, the process consists of the launching of one or more scrapers from a chamber installed in the subsea production system, towards the platform, sweeping only the whole obstructed line, all at once. Once cleaning of the obstructed line is completed, new scrapers may be sent from the platform to the subsea equipment chamber where they are stored until a further cleaning operation is required. The chamber installed in the subsea equipment may serve more than one obstructed line

  6. Reduction of energy consumption of selected subprocesses in electroplating. Reduktion af energiforbrug ved delprocesser i galvanisk overfladebehandling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, I.K.

    1989-07-01

    The process of electroplating involves a relatively high niveau of energy consumption. Potentials for reduction of energy consumption are investigated and measurements taken from existing processes are taken and commented upon. It is recommended that the temperature should be lowered in relation to as many processes as possible, processes such as degreasing, nickel and chrome baths. Cold sealing of anodized components could be utilized. Baths that have to be heated should be insulated, but more significant reduction can be achieved by covering the fluid surfaces. It is important that ventilation systems run at the lowest possible volume and should be kept clean and turned down when the workers have gone home. Integrated heating systems are also recommended. (AB).

  7. Economic efficiency assessment of greenhouse gases mitigation for agriculture; Analyse af omkostningseffektiviteten ved drivhusgasreducerende tiltag i relation til landbruget

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubgaard, A.; Moeller Laugesen, F.; Staehl, E.E.; Bang, J.R.; Schou, E.; Jacobsen, Brian H.; Oerum, J.E.; Dejgaerd Jensen, J.

    2013-08-15

    The report contains the contributions by the Institute of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO) to a Danish Government appraisal of greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction measures. The policy goal is a 40 per cent reduction in total Danish GHG emissions by 2020 compared to 1990. The GHGs analysed in the present study include emissions of CO{sub 2}, nitrous oxide and methane plus soil carbon sequestration. The purpose of the study is to identify GHG mitigation measures related to agriculture which can deliver cost-effective contributions to the targeted reduction in GHG emissions in Denmark. A total of 21 GHG mitigation measures are included in the assessment. The stipulated implementation period is 2013 to 2020. The cost calculations have a time horizon equal to 30 years, i.e. from 2013 to 2042. The GHG reduction potential, expressed in CO{sub 2} equivalents (CO{sub 2}-eq), is calculated as the sum of the effect on the emission of CO{sub 2} (with and without changes in soil carbon), methane and nitrous oxide. The 21 mitigation measures are listed below (figures in brackets show the assumed implementation potential): 1. Biogas from livestock manure/slurry (10 % of total slurry production) 2. Biogas from slurry and maize (10 % of total slurry production) 3. Biogas from organic clover 4. Additional fat in diet for dairy cows (80% of conventional dairy cow stock and 20 % of organic dairy cow stock) 5. Additional concentrated feed in diet for other cattle (25 % of cattle stock under 2 years of age) 6. Prolonged lactation period for dairy cows (10 % of dairy cow stock) 7. Acidification of slurry (10 % of total slurry production) 8. Covers on slurry containers (40 % of total slurry production) 9. Cooling of pig slurry (10 % of pig slurry) 10. Nitrification inhibitors in nitrate fertilisers (100 % of chemical fertilisers with nitrogen) 11. Increased nitrogen utilization requirement for degassed slurry in nitrogen quota system (50 % of total slurry production) 12. Increased nitrogen utilization requirement for certain types of slurry in nitrogen quota system (5 % mink, 10 % poultry, and 20 % liquid manure) 13. Reduction of nitrogen quota (10 % of total nitrogen quota) 14. Energy willow (100,000 ha) 15. Straw for combustion (100,000 ha) 16. Catch crops ( 240,000ha, whereof 110,000 ha on clay soil and 130,000 ha on sandy soil) 17. Short term catch crops (240,000 ha, whereof 110,000 ha on clay soil and 130,000 ha on sandy soil) 18. Conversion of arable land (not naturally wet) to permanent grass (100,000 ha) 19. Afforestation of arable land (50,000 ha, whereof 31,000 ha on clay soil and 19,000 ha on sandy soil ha) 20. Conversion of arable, organogenic land to permanent grass with continued drainage (35,000 ha) 21. Conversion of arable, organogenic land to permanent grass with termination of drainage (35,000 ha). The mitigation measures and their assumed implementation potentials have been chosen in cooperation with the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aarhus University. Marginal abatement cost functions have been constructed. The levels of the implementation potential for the individual measures have been stipulated at a scale assumed to allow implementation at approximately constant marginal costs when using existing technologies. For some measures the specified implementation potential is limited by the assumptions of the overall Government appraisal of GHG reduction measures for the non-ETS area. The focus of the Government appraisal is on the identification of cost-effective GHG reduction potentials which are not already covered by existing policy programs - such as the Danish Government's Green Growth program. For example, when the present study was initiated the Green Growth program stipulated that up to 50 per cent of the animal manure produced in Denmark should be used in biogas production by 2020. The 10 per cent specified here is in addition to this target. (LN)

  8. Fra erfaringer til betydninger: Tolkning af fortællinger om eksamensgruppebegivenheder fra folkeskolelærerstuderende ved Aalborg Seminarium

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Silleborg, Ellen

    2004-01-01

    karakter. Denne situation giveruoverensstemmelser i de studerendes følelsesliv, og hovedparten af fortællingerne afspejler en i mange henseender konfliktfyldt eksamensgruppeproces. I fortællingernes betydninger ses en loyal men privatiseret etik, hvor ansvarlighed bliver til selvskyld. Alle implicerede...

  9. Laparoskopisk ultralydskanning ved kolorektal cancer-resektion kan øge detektionsraten af små levermetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellebæk, Signe Bremholm; Fristrup, Claus Wilki; Mortensen, Michael Bau

    2016-01-01

    Up to 20% of the patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) will have liver metastases at the time of the diagnosis, and some of these metastases may be missed during preoperative evaluation. While intraoperative ultrasound is considered the gold standard for liver evaluation during primary open CRC...

  10. Environmental comparison of marine and road transportation using LCA; Miljoemessig sammenligning av skips- og veitransport ved bruk av LCA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brekke, Andreas; Vold, Bjoern Ivar

    2011-07-01

    This report compares the transport by sea transport versus road for some selected scenarios that all end up in Oslo. Scenarios are chosen because they reflect realistic transportation options for products that consumers can relate to. It is therefore decided to look at the transportation of house modules from Estonia, kitchen units from Denmark, TVs from Germany and containers from Rotterdam. There are only examined some selected environmental stresses, including categories of climate change, acidification and eutrophication (excessive nutrients). Environmental impact categories are chosen for relevance (ie that transport contributes to such environmental stresses and that the environmental impact categories that may be important) and data availability (it's relevant categories for which data are lacking, such as noise and toxicity). Table A shows the results for all the examined scenarios of probable reservoir levels. One can see from the table that sea transport gives better environmental performance than the surface of all the scenarios in the categories climate change and eutrophication. For acidification is only one scenario where sea transport means less strain than land transport (transport of containers from Rotterdam). It should be emphasized that the relative contributions are greater climate change than to acidification and eutrophication for all options, and also the importance of climate change is considered to be greater than for acidification and eutrophication, Man may therefore conclude that sea transport is more environmentally friendly than road transport for all the investigated options. Underlying data are taken from real options for the transport ships and updated emissions data for trucks from environmental databases (EcoInvent). It is considered a completely new truck park in the comparisons presented above, the assumption is examined in sensitivity analyzes. With the Port as principal, it was important to have a conservative approach to the data used, although a representative from Schenker (as representative for road transport) has been used for quality control in the process. For climate change, one can visualize the results by comparing the difference between marine and trailer transport with driving with a passenger car. By transporting a house modules (weighing about 12 tons) from Estonia to Alnabru in Norway by ship (Wilson Malo) above trailer will be able to 'save' the environment of emissions from 1456 kg Co2 equivalents, which corresponds trip / return Oslo-Trondheim 9 times for cars. By transporting 8.5 Quick cuisine from production site in Denmark, Vildbjerg, to Alnabru by ferry (Stena Saga) above trailer will be able to 'save' the environment from emissions of 165 kg Co2 equivalents, which corresponds trip / return Oslo-Trondheim with tires. By transporting 85 televisions each at 30 inches from production site in Germany, the Nuremberg-Langwasser, to Alnabru by ferry (Color Fantasy) above trailer will be able to 'save' the environment from emissions of 165 kg Co2 equivalents, which corresponds trip / return Oslo - Trondheim with tires. By transporting one container of 21.6 tonnes from Rotterdam to Alnabru by ship (MS Jana) above trailer will be able to 'save' the environment of emissions of 3535 kg Co2 equivalents, which corresponds trip / return Oslo-Trondheim 21 times by car. Whether transport by ship is better than transport by truck for the three scenarios in which acidification contribution is highest for shipping may be examined by weighting. When we use established methods to rank the importance of different environmental categories and multiplies it by the results achieved. Figure A shows the results after weighting for transport scenarios with probable reservoir levels. From the figure it is evident that the relative importance of environmental impact on climate change far exceeds the importance of the other environmental impact. These results are also examined with a sensitivity analysis which showed a relatively high degree of robustness and that one can say with great certainty that the shipping and lower environmental impact than land for two of the three categories examined. A sensitivity analysis related to acidification and emission profiles for different types of truck shows that one can not say conclusively whether ship or road transport will provide the greatest burden in this category.(eb)

  11. Kan kontakt- og opmaerksomhedsforstyrrelser hos småbørn opdages ved sundhedsplejerskernes BOEL-prøve?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Alexandra N; Skovgaard, Anne Mette; Lichtenberg, Anne

    2007-01-01

    a standardised test, BOEL, is performed to screen for hearing loss plus social communication and attention disturbances. METHOD: The predictive value of abnormal reactions at the BOEL test at 8-10 months of age was investigated in a subpopulation of 211 children from the CCCC 2000. Predictions were calculated...

  12. Effektmåling ved implementering af The Balanced Scorecard på kvægsbedrifter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jakob Vesterlund; Lund, Mogens

    The Balanced Scorecard is used in many firms all over the world. Literature on cre-ating a Balanced Scorecard is overwhelming. The actual benefits of implementing the Balanced Scorecard are though not that well described. In Danish Dairy farming three Balanced Scorecards have been implemented...... during 2003 through a research project running from 2003 to the end of 2007. Measuring whether these dairy farms have better bottom line results is the focus of this Working Paper. The effects have been evaluated with the use of the Malmquist index. Data Envelopment Analysis is the tool that has been...

  13. Lægers kirurgiske færdigheder målt ved brug af »Operation«-simulatoren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundsgaard, Rune Sarauw; Klausen, Tobias Wirenfeldt; Ryge, Camilla Hasselbalch

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to test the surgical abilities between orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthetists on a surgical simulator intended for children. METHODS: The study was a prospective comparative study with 31 consultant or specialist grade medical doctors: 15 orthopaedic surgeons...... and 16 anaesthetists. The speed and failure rate when removing foreign bodies on a surgical simulator was measured. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in speed and failure rate between orthopaedic surgeons and anaesthetists, when they were working on the simulator. Anaesthetists...... demonstrated statistically significant more body movement and more use of foul language doing the simulation, and they were more willing to read the written instruction but less likely to follow it. CONCLUSION: Anaesthetists may be just as handy as orthopaedic surgeons but should be given more physical...

  14. Mirror syndrome er en sjælden graviditetskomplikation karakteriseret ved ødemer og føtal hydrops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiland, Signe; Cvetanovska, Eleonora; Bjerre, Anne Høyrup

    2017-01-01

    was performed without improvement of the condition. Since maternal symptoms worsened, a caesarean section was performed at 34 weeks with delivery of a live hydropic girl who died after 17 hours. Maternal symptoms decreased four days after delivery with full recovery two weeks post-partum.......We describe a case of mirror syndrome. A 41-year-old woman, para 4, was referred to hospital at 32 weeks of gestational age with excessive oedema. She developed oliguria, mild hypertension and proteinuria. Fetal ultrasound confirmed severe hydrops fetalis. Intrauterine pleural drainage...

  15. Removal of dust from flue gas at elevated temperatures and pressures. Roeggasrensning for stoev ved hoej temperatur og hoejt tryk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, D. V.; Rasmussen, J.

    1989-06-15

    Several new coal-based power generation systems are now ready for commercial application. Especially Integrated coal Gasification with combined Cycle (IGCC) and pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion possess the potential for reducing emissions of SOx, NOx and particulates compared to conventional technology. In addition to this a decrease in heat-rate is possible. However, the decrease in heat-rate is dependant on the temperature of which the removal of particulated and gaseous pollutants takes place. Using state-of-the-art technology this temperature is 25-40 deg. C, but the efficiency improvement will only be substantial if the temperature can be raised to 400-500 deg. C or more. The coal gasification, which is the heart of an IGCC-system, can be caried out in a number of ways. Since the hot gas clean-up equipment (HGCU) to some extent is dependant on the gasification technology used, a description of the leading coal gasification systems is given. It is concluded that special interest should be given to gasifiers of the entrained flow type. The aim is to develope a HGCU-system for the removal of gaseous pollutants as well as particulate matter. The operating principles and stage of development of the competing technologies for dust removal at high temperature and pressure are described. Special attention is paid to the electrostatic precipitator, and possible solutions to problems related ot this technology are given. (AB) 165 refs.

  16. ACE-inhibitorer er fortsat førstevalg ved behandling af hjertesvigt--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gadsbøll, Niels; Torp-Pedersen, Christian Tobias

    2013-01-01

    A new Cochrane metaanalysis has reviewed the literature on the use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) in patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The conclusion supports the present recommendation from the European Society of Cardiology that angiotensin converting...... enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are first choice and that ARBs should be reserved to patients who are intolerant to ACE-Is. Neither ACE-Is nor ARBs are effective in the treatment of heart failure patients with normal left ventricular function....

  17. Konsekvenser for murværkskonstruktioner ved anvendelse af miljø- og arbejdsmiljørigtige isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om primært de fugtmæssige konsekvenser af at anvende miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlige isoleringsmaterialer i murværkskonstruktiuoner, udarbejdet af Teknologisk Institut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  18. Undersøgelse af vegetationsdynamikken i danske klitlandskaber fra 1995-2010 ved brug af ortofotos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lærke Sofie Glerup; Bøcher, Peder Klith; Kappel Jørgensen, Signe

    2016-01-01

    . In total four different habitat types were recognized 1) dune heath, 2) shrub-dominated dune slack, 3) graminoid-dominated dune slack and 4) grey dune. The four habitat types were separated by differences in preference for the five Ellenberg indicator values F (moisture), L (light), R (reaction - pH), S...... in the dune systems, probably due to increased deposition of atmospheric nitrogen. The results also showed an increase in the total area of the graminoid-dominated dune slacks, possibly due to increase in precipitation and/or closing of drains. Although the method used in this study is time consuming...

  19. Capnocytophaga canimorsus-meningitis diagnosticeret ved hjælp af 16S rRNA-analyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Risum, Malene; Ellekvist, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a gram-negative bacterial species hosted in the oral cavity of dogs. C. canimorsus can cause sepsis, meningitis and endocarditis. Penicillin is the drug of choice. However, the species is a slow-grower and sometimes missed in blood cultures. Patients with a history...

  20. Inhaleret beta(2)-agonist som mulig årsag til laktatacidose ved akut svær astma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Lise; Sahl, Christian; Thorsen, Søren

    2013-01-01

    A 50-year-old man was in the emergency department treated for acute asthma with repeated doses of nebulized salbutamol according to guidelines, and as a result of this treatment he developed marked lactate acidosis. Lactate acidosis is not commonly listed as a side effect to nebulized salbutamol....