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Sample records for u4 u4 hh

  1. Exploring a new S U (4 ) symmetry of meson interpolators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glozman, L. Ya.; Pak, M.

    2015-07-01

    In recent lattice calculations it has been discovered that mesons upon truncation of the quasizero modes of the Dirac operator obey a symmetry larger than the S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R×U (1 )A symmetry of the QCD Lagrangian. This symmetry has been suggested to be S U (4 )⊃S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R×U (1 )A that mixes not only the u- and d-quarks of a given chirality, but also the left- and right-handed components. Here it is demonstrated that bilinear q ¯q interpolating fields of a given spin J ≥1 transform into each other according to irreducible representations of S U (4 ) or, in general, S U (2 NF). This fact together with the coincidence of the correlation functions establishes S U (4 ) as a symmetry of the J ≥1 mesons upon quasizero mode reduction. It is shown that this symmetry is a symmetry of the confining instantaneous charge-charge interaction in QCD. Different subgroups of S U (4 ) as well as the S U (4 ) algebra are explored.

  2. Equilibrium electrode U(4)-U and redox U(4)-U(3) potentials in molten alkali metal chlorides medium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smirnov, M V; Kudyakov, V Ya; Komarov, V E; Salyulev, A B [AN SSSR, Sverdlovsk. Inst. Ehlektrokhimii

    1979-02-01

    Conditional standard electrode potentials of uranium are determined for diluted solutions of its tetrachloride in alkali metal chloride melts (LiCl, NaCl, NaCl-KCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl) when using U(4) ion activity coefficient values experimentally found by the tensimetric method. These potentials shift to the electronegative side at the temperature decrease and alkali cation radius increase rsub(Msup(+)) according to the empiric ratio E*U(4)-U= -3.06+6.87x10/sup -4/ T-(1.67-10/sup -4/T-0.44) 1/rsub(Msup(+)) +-0.01. The temperature dependences of formal conditional redox potentials of the U(4)-U(3) system for above melted chlorides are estimated. The E*U(4)-U(3) value also becomes more electronegative in the series LiCl, NaCl, NaCl-KCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl. This alternation is satisfactorily described by the empiric expression E*U(4)-U(3)= -1.74+1.74x10/sup -4/T-(0.71x10/sup -4/T-0.20) 1rsub(Msup(+)) +-0.05. The calculated values Eu*(4)-U(3) are compared with those directly measured for the NaCl-KCl equimolar mixture and 3LiCl-2KCl eutectic mixture. A satisfactory confirmity has been observed.

  3. Equilibrium electrode U(4)-U and redox U(4)-U(3) potentials in molten alkali metal chlorides medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smirnov, M.V.; Kudyakov, V.Ya.; Komarov, V.E.; Salyulev, A.B.

    1979-01-01

    Conditional standard electrode potentials of uranium are determined for diluted solutions of its tetrachloride in alkali metal chloride melts (LiCl, NaCl, NaCl-KCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl) when using U(4) ion activity coefficient values experimentally found by the tensimetric method. These potentials shift to the electronegative side at the temperature decrease and alkali cation radius increase rsub(Msup(+)) according to the empiric ratio E*U(4)-U= -3.06+6.87x10 -4 T-(1.67-10 -4 T-0.44) 1/rsub(Msup(+)) +-0.01. The temperature dependences of formal conditional redox potentials of the U(4)-U(3) system for above melted chlorides are estimated. The E*U(4)-U(3) value also becomes more electronegative in the series LiCl, NaCl, NaCl-KCl, KCl, RbCl and CsCl. This alternation is satisfactorily described by the empiric expression E*U(4)-U(3)= -1.74+1.74x10 -4 T-(0.71x10 -4 T-0.20) 1rsub(Msup(+)) +-0.05. The calculated values Eu*(4)-U(3) are compared with those directly measured for the NaCl-KCl equimolar mixture and 3LiCl-2KCl eutectic mixture. A satisfactory confirmity has been observed

  4. On hyperbolic U4 manifolds with local duality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wallner, R.P.

    1982-01-01

    We use the decomposition of the Riemann/Cartan curvature 2-forms Ωsup(ij) in terms of their irreducible parts under the Lorentz group to examine the irreducible content of self- and anti-self double dual curvature forms Ωsup(+-ij) and their further refinements involving left and right duals. In the case of local duality (i.e. Ωsup(ij) = Ωsup(+-ij) locally), some consequences to curvature and torsion are easily derived in this way. As Riemann/Cartan space-times (U 4 -space-times) are subject to generalized gravity theories, some (vacuum) field equations proposed there are also taken into considerations. As an application to the various decompositions of curvature and torsion we point out their utility in the search of exact solutions of U 4 -field equations. To simplify notations and calculations, the calculus of exterior forms is used throughout. (Author)

  5. Emergence of a new S U (4 ) symmetry in the baryon spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denissenya, M.; Glozman, L. Ya.; Pak, M.

    2015-10-01

    Recently, a large degeneracy of J =1 mesons—that is, larger than the S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R×U (1 )A symmetry of the QCD Lagrangian—has been discovered upon truncation of the near-zero modes from the valence quark propagators. It has been found that this degeneracy represents the S U (4 ) group that includes the chiral rotations as well as the mixing of left- and right-handed quarks. This symmetry group turns out to be a symmetry of confinement in QCD. Consequently, one expects that the same symmetry should persist upon the near-zero mode removal in other hadron sectors as well. It has been shown that indeed the J =2 mesons follow the same symmetry pattern upon the low-lying mode elimination. Here we demonstrate the S U (4 ) symmetry of baryons once the near-zero modes are removed from the quark propagators. We also show a degeneracy of states belonging to different irreducible representations of S U (4 ). This implies a larger symmetry that includes S U (4 ) as a subgroup.

  6. Accelerated electron exchange between U4+ and UO22+ by foreign metal ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Obanawa, Heiichiro; Onitsuka, Hatsuki; Takeda, Kunihiko

    1990-01-01

    The rate constant of U 4+ -UO 2 2+ electron exchange (k et ) was increased by more than 100 times in the presence of various metal ions. The larger rate constant was observed for the smaller difference of the standard reduction potential strength between metal ion and UO 2 2+ ion (Δμ θ e ). Detailed investigation of the electron exchange reaction in the presence of Mo 5+ suggested that the mechanism of the electron transfer reaction catalyzed by metal ions is the outer-sphere type independent of U-Clcomplex ions. (author)

  7. Quantum phase transition in the U(4) vibron model and the E(3) symmetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Yu; Hou Zhanfeng; Chen Huan; Wei Haiqing; Liu Yuxin

    2008-01-01

    We study the details of the U(3)-O(4) quantum phase transition in the U(4) vibron model. Both asymptotic analysis in the classical limit and rigorous calculations for finite boson number systems indicate that a second-order phase transition is still there even for the systems with boson number N ranging from tens to hundreds. Two kinds of effective order parameters, including E1 transition ratios B(E1:2 1 →1 1 )/B(E1:1 1 →0 1 ) and B(E1:0 2 →1 1 )/B(E1:1 1 →0 1 ), and the energy ratios E 2 1 /E 0 2 and E 3 1 /E 0 2 are proposed to identify the second-order phase transition in experiments. We also found that the critical point of phase transition can be approximately described by the E(3) symmetry, which persists even for moderate N∼10 protected by the scaling behaviors of quantities at the critical point. In addition, a possible empirical example exhibiting roughly the E(3) symmetry is discussed

  8. Correlation between oxidation and stress corrosion cracking of U-4.5 wt.% Nb

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnani, N.J.; Holloway, P.H.

    1976-01-01

    To investigate the mechanisms causing stress corrosion cracking on uranium alloys, the kinetics of crack propagation and oxide film growth for U-4.5 percent Nb were investigated at temperatures between 0 0 C and 200 0 C in oxygen, water vapor and oxygen-water vapor mixtures. Three regions of crack velocity rate versus stress intensity were observed in laboratory air. At low stress intensities (but above an effective K/sub ISCC/ of 22 MN/m/sup 3 / 2 /) crack velocity varied approximately as K 70 . In an intermediate stress intensity region (region II) the crack velocity was dependent upon K 4 . In the high stress intensity region, mechanical overloading was observed and crack velocities varied approximately as K 12 . Both cracking (region II) and oxidation rates were characterized by an activation energy of 7 kcal/mole. For stress corrosion cracking it was shown that oxygen was the primary stress corrodent, but a synergistic effect upon crack propagation rates was observed for oxygen-water vapor mixtures. Crack velocities were dependent upon the pressure of oxygen (P/sub O 2 //sup 1 / 3 /) and water vapor, while the oxidation rate was essentially independent of the pressure of these species. Stress sorption and oxide film formation stress corrosion cracking mechanisms were considered and reconciled with the stress corrosion and oxidation data

  9. Alteration of RNA splicing by small molecule inhibitors of the interaction between NHP2L1 and U4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diouf, Barthelemy; Lin, Wenwei; Goktug, Asli; Grace, Christy R. R.; Waddell, Michael Brett; Bao, Ju; Shao, Youming; Heath, Richard J.; Zheng, Jie J.; Shelat, Anang A.; Relling, Mary V.; Chen, Taosheng; Evans, William E.

    2018-01-01

    Splicing is an important eukaryotic mechanism for expanding the transcriptome and proteome, influencing a number of biological processes. Understanding its regulation and identifying small molecules that modulate this process remains a challenge. We developed an assay based on time-resolved FRET (TR-FRET) to detect the interaction between the protein NHP2L1 and U4 RNA, which are two key components of the spliceosome. We used this assay to identify small molecules that interfere with this interaction in a high-throughput screening (HTS) campaign. Topotecan and other camptothecin derivatives were among the top hits. We confirmed that topotecan disrupts the interaction between NHP2L1 and U4 by binding to U4 and inhibits RNA splicing. Our data reveal new functions of known drugs which could facilitate the development of therapeutic strategies to modify splicing and alter gene function. PMID:28985478

  10. Assembly and dynamics of the U4/U6 di-snRNP by single-molecule FRET

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardin, John W.; Warnasooriya, Chandani; Kondo, Yasushi; Nagai, Kiyoshi; Rueda, David

    2015-01-01

    In large ribonucleoprotein machines, such as ribosomes and spliceosomes, RNA functions as an assembly scaffold as well as a critical catalytic component. Protein binding to the RNA scaffold can induce structural changes, which in turn modulate subsequent binding of other components. The spliceosomal U4/U6 di-snRNP contains extensively base paired U4 and U6 snRNAs, Snu13, Prp31, Prp3 and Prp4, seven Sm and seven LSm proteins. We have studied successive binding of all protein components to the snRNA duplex during di-snRNP assembly by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and accompanying conformational changes in the U4/U6 RNA 3-way junction by single-molecule FRET. Stems I and II of the duplex were found to co-axially stack in free RNA and function as a rigid scaffold during the entire assembly, but the U4 snRNA 5′ stem-loop adopts alternative orientations each stabilized by Prp31 and Prp3/4 binding accounting for altered Prp3/4 binding affinities in presence of Prp31. PMID:26503251

  11. Study of the initial oxidation of the U4Zr2Nb alloy by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mendonca, Renato de; Ferraz, Wilmar B.; Braga, Daniel M.; Macedo, Waldemar A.A.

    2009-01-01

    In this work, the initial stages of oxidation of the U4Zr2Nb alloy in O 2 atmosphere were studied in-situ, in ultrahigh vacuum, by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), an advanced surface-sensitive technique. After several hours of Ar + ion-sputtering to surface cleanness, the O 2 exposures was realized on the sample at room temperature. The evolution of oxide film formed on the sample surface was followed by XPS measures, by using Mg K α radiation of 1253.6 eV and a CLAM-2 (Vacuum Generator) electron energy analyzer. The changes of U 4f, Nb 3d, Zr 3d and O 1s photoemission peaks with O 2 exposure indicate that the adsorption of oxygen on the U4Zr2Nb alloy surface leads to fast formation of UO 2 . The alloying elements show slower oxidation and different compounds are observed in Nb 3d spectra analysis. This work shows an expressive enlargement of Nb 3d peak at 100 Langmuir exposure, indicating the formation of Nb 2 O 5 and NbO in the oxide. On the other hand, the binding energy of Zr 3d suggests that the ZrO 2 formation is stable as well as uranium dioxide. (author)

  12. Implementation of PWR steady state self-initialization feature into RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshida, Kazuo

    1987-07-01

    A PWR steady state self-initialization feature has been implemented into the RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code which is an improved version of RELAP4/MOD6 and can analyze not only large break but also small break LOCA in LWRs. This feature is originated from RELAP4/MOD7 which is the most updated released version of RELAP4 from INEL. Several FORTRAN subroutines in MOD7 related to this feature were transplanted into MOD6/U4/J3 with some improvements, which were the modification of method to take a balance of heat transfer between primary and secondary side at SG-U tubes, and to make it possible to nodalize secondary side of SG as multi-node. Advantages realized by implementation of this option are saving of time in initializaing a new model and an assurance of steady state and self consistency of input data in a small break LOCA analysis of a PWR. (author)

  13. Effect of lattice distortion on uranium magnetic moments in U4Ru7Ge6 studied by polarized neutron diffraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vališka, Michal; Klicpera, Milan; Doležal, Petr; Fabelo, Oscar; Stunault, Anne; Diviš, Martin; Sechovský, Vladimír

    2018-03-01

    In a cubic ferromagnet, small spontaneous lattice distortions are expected below the Curie temperature, but the phenomenon is usually neglected. This study focuses on such an effect in the U4Ru7Ge6 compound. Based on DFT calculations, we propose a lattice distortion from the cubic I m -3 m space group to a lower, rhombohedral, symmetry described by the R -3 m space group. The strong spin-orbit coupling of the uranium ions plays an essential role in lowering the symmetry, giving rise to two different U sites (U1 and U2). Using polarized neutron diffraction in applied magnetic fields of 1 and 9 T in the ordered state (1.9 K ) and in the paramagnetic state (20 K ), we bring convincing experimental evidence of this splitting of the U sites, with different magnetic moments. The data have been analyzed both by maximum entropy calculations and by a direct fit in the dipolar approximation. In the ordered phase, the μL/μS ratio of the orbital and spin moments on the U2 site is remarkably lower than for the free U3 + or U4 + ion, which points to a strong hybridization of the U 5 f wave functions with the 4 d wave functions of the surrounding Ru. On the U1 site, the μL/μS ratio exhibits an unexpectedly low value: the orbital moment is almost quenched, like in metallic α -uranium. As a further evidence of the 5 f -4 d hybridization in the U4Ru7Ge6 system, we observe the absence of a magnetic moment on the Ru1 site, but a rather large induced moment on the Ru2 site, which is in closer coordination with both U positions. Very similar results are obtained at 20 K in the ferromagnetic regime induced by the magnetic field of 9 T . This shows that applying a strong magnetic field above the Curie temperature also leads to the splitting of the uranium sites, which further demonstrates the intimate coupling of the magnetic ordering and structural distortion. We propose that the difference between the magnetic moment on the U1 and U2 sites results from the strong spin

  14. U4+ spectroscopic properties in Dsub(2d) with ThCl4, UCl4 and ThSiO4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khan Malek, C.

    1985-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the study of the electronic structure of the tetravalent actinide ions in solid state. The technique used was high resolution optical spectroscopy. We deal with the U 4+ ion (sf 2 ) in the monocrystals ThCl 4 , UCl 4 , and ThSiO 4 where the U 4+ ion is substituded for the Th 4+ ion by doping. Visible and infrared optical spectra were recorded between 300 and 4.2K. With these three compounds, it is possible to compare the influence of different environments of Dsub(2d) symmetry: real symmetry for U 4+ in UCl 4 and ThSiO 4 ; approximate symmetry in ThCl 4 , whose structure is incommensurate and modulated at low temperature. The fitting of the data was carried out by diagonalizing the hamiltonian which describes the interactions of the U 4+ ion in a crystal field with its environment. This fitting procedure led to a coherent set of spectroscopic parameters. The fluorescence of U 4+ was observed in ThCl 4 and ThSiO 4 and the effect of the incommensurate structure of ThCl 4 on the optical spectra was studied. The symmetry of the U 4+ sites was identified by site selective excitation experiments and a relationship between the incommensurate structure and the lifetime of U 4+ energy levels was found. In conclusion, the U 4+ energy levels in a relatively low crystal field were determined for compounds that have a similar coordination polyhedron about the actinide ion. The values for these energy levels were then compared to those of lanthanide and 3d elements [fr

  15. Redox equilibrium of U4+/U3+ in molten NaCl-2CsCl by UV-Vis spectrophotometry and cyclic voltammetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagai, Takayuki; Uehara, Akihiro; Fujii, Toshiyuki; Shirai, Osamu; Yamana, Hajimu; Sato, Nobuaki

    2005-01-01

    In order to investigate the redox equilibrium of uranium ions in molten NaCl-2CsCl, UV-Vis absorption spectro-photometry measurements were performed for U 4+ and U 3+ in molten NaCl-2CsCl at 923 K under simultaneous electrolytic control of their ratio. Prominent absorption bands at 480 and 570 nm were assigned to U 3+ , and their molar absorptivities were determined to be 1,260±42 and 963±32 mol -1 ·l·cm -1 respectively. From the dependence of the rest potential of the melt on the spectrophotometrically determined ratio of [U 4+ ]/[U 3+ ], the standard redox potential of the couple U 4+ /U 3+ at 923 K was determined to be -1.481±0.004 V vs. Cl 2 /Cl - . Cyclic voltammetry measurements were carried out for the couple U 4+ /U 3+ , and the results agreed well with this standard redox potential value. By the results of cyclic voltammetry, a temperature dependence of the standard redox potential was found to be -2.094+6.639 x 10 -4 T (T=823-923K). (author)

  16. Comparative study of α and β-ThBr4: structure and luminescence. Spectroscopy of U4+ in α-ThBr4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simoni, E.

    1988-05-01

    UV absorption of β-ThBr 4 : presents a plain absorption front and for the same temperature the threshold energy has the same value than the threshold energy of excitation function and photocurrent peak. Emission intensity and lifetime decrease when temperature increases from 300 K to 400K (extinction temperature). Results are interpreted either by molecular orbital levels of the ThBr 8 4- cluster or either by conduction and valence bands of the matrix above. Absorption and emission spectra of U 4+ in α-ThBr 4 (where U 4+ has a S 4 symmetry) between 300 K and 4.2 K allow indexation of 30 levels. Spectroscopic parameters are calculated in D 2d and S 4 symmetry. Comparison of these parameters with those of U 4+ in β-ThBr 4 and β-ThCl 4 shows that crystal field force is practically the same in the three matrices but the structure transformation from β to α has more influence on B q k than ligand change from Br - to Cl - . Owing to very low phonon energy, fluorescence spectra of U 4+ is easy to observe in α-ThBr 4 as it is in β-ThBr 4 and ThCl 4 [fr

  17. Verification of LOCA/ECCS analysis codes ALARM-B2 and THYDE-B1 by comparison with RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shimizu, Takashi

    1982-08-01

    For a verification study of ALARM-B2 code and THYDE-B1 code which are the component of the JAERI code system for evaluation of BWR ECCS performance, calculations for typical small and large break LOCA in BWR were done, and compared with those by RELAP4/MOD6/U4/J3 code. This report describes the influences of differences between the analytical models incorporated in the individual code and the problems identified by this verification study. (author)

  18. Structure and luminescence of α and β ThBr4: optical properties of U4+ in α ThBr4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simoni, E.

    1988-05-01

    The aim of this work is to understand the comparative structural and intrinsic luminescence properties of the pure matrices α and β - ThBr 4 , and to study the electronic structure by optical spectroscopy of the U 4+ ion in the α-ThBr 4 matrix. 1)Under U.V. excitation, βThBr 4 is intensively fluorescent in the blue-purple and α-ThBr 4 is fluorescent in the red. The main results concerning β-ThBr 4 are the following: -the optical absorption in the U.V. is under the form of a sudden absorption front and for a same temperature, its threshold energy has the same value as the threshold energy of the excitation function and of the photocurrent peak; -the intensity and the life time of the emission decrease when the temperature increases from 300 K until 400 K ( extinction temperature). All the obtained results have been explained either with the molecular orbitals levels of the ThBr 8 4- cluster or with the valence and conduction bands of the pure matrix. 2)The absorption and emission spectra of U 4+ in α-ThBr 4 (in which U 4+ has a point symmetry S 4 ) obtained between 300 K and 4.2 K have allowed to index 30 levels. The calculation of the spectroscopic parameters F k , ξ and B k q has been carried out in symmetry D 2d and S 4 . The comparison of these parameters with those calculated for U 4+ in β-ThBr 4 and β-ThCl 4 show that the global force of the crystalline field is practically the same in the three matrices, but that the structure transformation β→α occurs more on the values of these B k q than on the change of the ligands Br - →Cl - . On the other hand, it has been possible with the α-ThBr 4 matrix, or the β-ThBr 4 and the β-ThCl 4 , to observe the fluorescence spectra of the U 4+ ion (particularly weak phonons energies). (O.M.)

  19. Electron loss from 1.4 MEV/u U4,6,10+ ions colliding with Ne, N2 and Ar targets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DuBois, R.D.; Santos, A.C.F.; Stoehlker, T.

    2004-07-01

    Absolute, total, single, and multiple electron loss cross sections are measured for 1.4 MeV/u U 4,6,10+ ions colliding with neon and argon atoms and nitrogen molecules. It is found that the cross sections all have the same dependence on the number of electrons lost and that multiplying the cross sections by the initial number of electrons in the 6s, 6p, and 5f shells yields good agreement between the different projectiles. By combining the present data with previous measurements made at the same velocity, it is shown that the scaled cross sections slowly decrease in magnitude for incoming charge states between 1 and 10 whereas the cross sections for higher charge state ions fall off much more rapidly. (orig.)

  20. All Small Nuclear RNAs (snRNAs) of the [U4/U6.U5] Tri-snRNP Localize to Nucleoli; Identification of the Nucleolar Localization Element of U6 snRNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerbi, Susan A.; Lange, Thilo Sascha

    2002-01-01

    Previously, we showed that spliceosomal U6 small nuclear RNA (snRNA) transiently passes through the nucleolus. Herein, we report that all individual snRNAs of the [U4/U6.U5] tri-snRNP localize to nucleoli, demonstrated by fluorescence microscopy of nucleolar preparations after injection of fluorescein-labeled snRNA into Xenopus oocyte nuclei. Nucleolar localization of U6 is independent from [U4/U6] snRNP formation since sites of direct interaction of U6 snRNA with U4 snRNA are not nucleolar localization elements. Among all regions in U6, the only one required for nucleolar localization is its 3′ end, which associates with the La protein and subsequently during maturation of U6 is bound by Lsm proteins. This 3′-nucleolar localization element of U6 is both essential and sufficient for nucleolar localization and also required for localization to Cajal bodies. Conversion of the 3′ hydroxyl of U6 snRNA to a 3′ phosphate prevents association with the La protein but does not affect U6 localization to nucleoli or Cajal bodies. PMID:12221120

  1. Geometry and electronic structure of an impurity-trapped exciton in the Cs2GeF6 crystal doped with U4+. The 5f17s1 manifold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ordejon, B.; Seijo, L.; Barandiaran, Z.

    2007-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows: Excitons trapped at impurity centres in highly ionic crystals were first described by McClure and Pedrini [Phys. Rev. B 32, 8465 (1985)] as excited states consisting of a bound electron-hole pair with the hole localized on the impurity and the electron on nearby lattice sites, and a very short impurity-ligand bond length. In this work we present a detailed microscopic characterization of an impurity - trapped exciton in Cs 2 GeF 6 doped with U 4+ . Its electronic structure has been studied by means of CASSCF/CASPT2/SOCI relativistic ab initio model potential (AIMP) embedded-cluster calculations on (UF 6 ) 2- and (UF 6 Cs 8 ) 6+ clusters embedded in Cs 2 GeF 6 . The local geometry of the impurity-trapped exciton, the potential energy curves, and the multi electronic wavefunctions, have been obtained as direct, non-empirical results of the methods. The calculated excited states appear to be significantly delocalized outside the UF 6 volume and their U-F bond length turns out to be very short, closer to that of a pentavalent uranium defect than to that of a tetravalent uranium defect. The wavefunctions of these excited states show a dominant U 5f 1 7s 1 configuration character. This result has never been anticipated by simpler models and reveals the unprecedented ability of diffuse orbitals of f-element impurities to act as electron traps in ionic crystals

  2. Analysis of the right-handed Majorana neutrino mass in an S U (4 )×S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R Pati-Salam model with democratic texture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Masaki J. S.

    2017-03-01

    In this paper, we attempt to build a unified model with the democratic texture, that has some unification between up-type Yukawa interactions Yν and Yu . Since the S3 L×S3 R flavor symmetry is chiral, the unified gauge group is assumed to be Pati-Salam type S U (4 )c×S U (2 )L×S U (2 )R. The breaking scheme of the flavor symmetry is considered to be S3 L×S3 R→S2 L×S2 R→0 . In this picture, the four-zero texture is desirable for realistic masses and mixings. This texture is realized by a specific representation for the second breaking of the S3 L×S3 R flavor symmetry. Assuming only renormalizable Yukawa interactions, type-I seesaw mechanism, and neglecting C P phases for simplicity, the right-handed neutrino mass matrix MR can be reconstructed from low energy input values. Numerical analysis shows that the texture of MR basically behaves like the "waterfall texture." Since MR tends to be the "cascade texture" in the democratic texture approach, a model with type-I seesaw and up-type Yukawa unification Yν≃Yu basically requires fine-tunings between parameters. Therefore, it seems to be more realistic to consider universal waterfall textures for both Yf and MR, e.g., by the radiative mass generation or the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism. Moreover, analysis of eigenvalues shows that the lightest mass eigenvalue MR 1 is too light to achieve successful thermal leptogenesis. Although the resonant leptogenesis might be possible, it also requires fine-tunings of parameters.

  3. 3 FI :LU S :_U4 ~- Z )~f

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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  4. Mianningite, (□,Pb,Ce,Na) (U"4"+,Mn,U"6"+) Fe"3"+_2(Ti,Fe"3"+)_1_8O_3_8, a new member of the crichtonite group from Maoniuping REE deposit, Mianning county, southwest Sichuan, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ge, Xiangkun; Fan, Guang; Chen, Zhangru; Ai, Yujie; Li, Guowu

    2017-01-01

    Mianningite (IMA 2014-072), ideally (□,Pb,Ce,Na)(U"4"+,Mn,U"6"+) Fe"3"+_2(Ti,Fe"3"+)_1_8O_3_8, is a new member of the crichtonite group from the Maoniuping REE deposit, Mianning county, Sichuan province, China. It was found in fractures of lamprophyre veins and in the contact between lamprophyre and a later quartz-alkali feldspar syenite dyke with REE mineralization, and is named after its type locality. Associated minerals are microcline, albite, quartz, iron-rich phlogopite, augite, muscovite, calcite, baryte, fluorite, epidote, pyrite, magnetite, hematite, galena, hydroxylapatite, titanite, ilmenite, rutile, garnet-group minerals, zircon, allanite-(Ce), monazite-(Ce), bastnaesite-(Ce), parisite-(Ce), maoniupingite-(Ce), thorite, pyrochlore-group minerals and chlorite. Mianningite occurs as opaque subhedral to euhedral tabular crystals, up to 1-2 mm in size, black in color and streak, and with a submetallic luster. Mianningite is brittle, with a conchoidal fracture. Its average micro-indentation hardness is 83.8 kg/mm"2 (load 0.2 kg), which is equivalent to ∝6 on the Mohs hardness scale. Its measured and calculated densities are 4.62 (8) g/cm"3 and 4.77 g/cm"3, respectively. Under reflected light, mianningite is grayish white, with no internal reflections. It appears isotropic and exhibits neither bireflectance nor pleochroism. The empirical formula, calculated on the basis of 38 O atoms per formula unit (apfu), is [□_0_._3_2_2(Pb_0_._2_1_5Ba_0_._0_3_7Sr_0_._0_3_6Ca_0_._0_1_0)_Σ_0_._2_9_8(Ce_0_._1_2_8La_0_._0_7_7Nd_0_._0_1_2)_Σ_0_._2_1_7 (Na_0_._1_2_7K_0_._0_3_6)_Σ_0_._1_6_3]_Σ_0_1_._0_0_0(U"4"+_0_._4_4_7Mn_0_0_._2_9_3U"6 "+_0_._1_1_2Y_0_._0_9_1Zr_0_._0_2_3Th_0_._0_1_1)_Σ_0_._9_7_7(Fe"3"+_1_._2_2_4Fe"2"+_0_._2_4_3Mg_0_._0_2_3P_0_._0_0_8Si_0_._0_0_6 □_0_._4_9_6)_Σ_2_._0_0_0(Ti_1_2_._4_6_4Fe"3"+_5_._2_9_2V"5"+_0_._1_1_8Nb_0_._0_8_3Al_0_._0_2_6Cr"3"+_0_._0_1_7)_Σ_1_8_._0_0_0O_3_8. Mianningite is trigonal, belongs to the space group R anti 3, and has

  5. Studies of U(4) oxidation kinetics in nitric acid and TBP phases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, R.J.; Denniss, I.S.; Koltunov, V.S.; Marchenko, V.I.; Dvoeglazov, K.N.; Savilova, O.A.; Broan, C.J.

    2000-01-01

    U(IV) is an important reagent in current reprocessing plants since it is used to reduce Pu(IV) to Pu(III), therefore, allowing the efficient separation of U and Pu in multi-stage counter-current solvent extraction contactors. The benefits of U(IV) are that it is a kinetically fast reductant and it is a salt free reagent, since U(IV) is oxidised to U(VI) and so does not add to the aqueous waste volumes. Many kinetic reactions of U(IV) have been studied in the past and these are used by BNFL to model the behaviour of U(IV) in process flowsheets. However, some reactions have either not been studied or have been studied many times without conclusive resolution. Therefore, to expand our understanding of U(IV) in the process and to generate data that underpins process models, we are studying a series of U(IV) reactions, and this paper will summarize the results of our kinetic and mechanistic studies. (authors)

  6. Please call ME.N.U.4EVER: Designing for‘Callback’ in Rural Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bidwell, NJ

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available . More males said they used their phone for games but the best thing about their phone was SMS, Callback and receiving calls; and more females said the best thing about their phone was music. 3.4 Internet Use an d Medi a Shari ng Eighteen... age range. Some 32% of phone owners said they showed photos to other people and 29% sent photos and 29% sent music to other people?s phones. Slightly more participants said that other people send tphotos or music to their phones. Similar...

  7. ou.l+ A U4 Lo.l W p,^ " ^r

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in the structure of their residual covariance matrix. The objectives of this study were: (i) to examine the effect of using Henderson's (1988) ANRM with uncertain paternity on prediction error variances (PEV) of breeding values obtained using an animal model with maternal effects, and (ii) to estimate and compare genetic ...

  8. H-H interactions in Pd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, O. B.; Ditlevsen, Peter; Jacobsen, Karsten Wedel

    1989-01-01

    -medium theory to calculate total energies we show the same tendency for the short-range part of the H-H interaction when two H atoms are squeezed into a single site in Pd or PdH. At longer range (of the order a lattice constant) there is an attractive, lattice-mediated H-H interaction. On the basis...

  9. Study of some features of coordination polymerization of α-oxides by the example of forming U(4) alkoxyhalides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khvostik, G.M.; Minevich, V.Ya.; Shupik, A.N.

    1985-01-01

    The interaction of uranium tetrachloride with α-oxides in THF has been studied by NMR and conductometry methods. The opening of the oxide cycle under the action of UCl 4 is shown. The formation of the coordinational bond between the oxygen atom of the polyester clain and the catalytic centre is found to result in retardation of the reactions of the chain propagation. The general scheme of the reactions of interaction of UCl 4 with oxides is proposed

  10. Study of some features of coordination polymerization of. cap alpha. -oxides by the example of forming U(4) alkoxyhalides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khvostik, G M; Minevich, V Ya; Shupik, A N

    1985-10-01

    The interaction of uranium tetrachloride with ..cap alpha..-oxides in THF has been studied by NMR and conductometry methods. The opening of the oxide cycle under the action of UCl/sub 4/ is shown. The formation of the coordinational bond between the oxygen atom of the polyester clain and the catalytic centre is found to result in retardation of the reactions of the chain propagation. The general scheme of the reactions of interaction of UCl/sub 4/ with oxides is proposed.

  11. In vivo kinetics of U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP formation in Cajal bodies

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Novotný, Ivan; Blažíková, Michaela; Staněk, David; Heřman, P.; Malínský, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 22, č. 4 (2011), s. 513-523 ISSN 1059-1524 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA204/07/0133; GA AV ČR KAN200520801 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520514; CEZ:AV0Z50390512; CEZ:AV0Z50390703 Keywords : small nuclear ribonucleoprotein * body components * dynamics Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor : 4.942, year: 2011

  12. C4.TIO~ OF R4.U4.R ~ --IE UUF UURI~G WORL() W4.R II

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Throughout the history of large decisive cam- paigns and wars, and more so when opposing forces are clearly defined, appearing on a massive scale, conventional weapons and me- thods of warfare are produced in enormous quantities, to be used by every able-bodied person available; this because every war holds.

  13. Gemini-IFU spectroscopy of HH 111

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerqueira, A. H.; Vasconcelos, M. J.; Feitosa, J.; Plana, H. [LATO-DCET, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz Rod. Jorge Amado, km 16, Ilhéus, BA, CEP 45662-900 (Brazil); Raga, A. C., E-mail: hoth@uesc.br [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, A.P. 70-543, 04510 D.F. (Mexico)

    2015-03-01

    We present new optical observations of the Herbig–Haro (HH) 111 jet using the Gemini Multi Object Spectrograph in its Integral Field Unit mode. Eight fields of 5{sup ′′}×3.{sup ′′}5 have been positioned along and across the HH 111 jet, covering the spatial region from knot E to L in HH 111 (namely, knots E, F, G, H, J, K, and L). We present images and velocity channel maps for the [O i] 6300+6360, Hα, [N ii] 6548+6583, and [S ii] 6716+6730 lines, as well as for the [S ii] 6716/6730 line ratio. We find that the HH 111 jet has an inner region with lower excitation and higher radial velocity, surrounded by a broader region of higher excitation and lower radial velocity. Also, we find higher electron densities at lower radial velocities. These results imply that the HH 111 jet has a fast, axial region with lower velocity shocks surrounded by a lower velocity sheath with higher velocity shocks.

  14. Luminosity Targets for FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Zimmermann, F.; Buffat, X.; Schulte, D.

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the choice of target values for the peak and integrated luminosity of a future high-energy frontier circular hadron collider (FCC-hh). We review the arguments on the physics reach of a hadron collider. Next we show that accelerator constraints will limit the beam current and the turnaround time. Taking these limits into account, we derive an expression for the ultimate integrated luminosity per year, depending on a possible pile-up limit imposed by the physics experiments. We finally benchmark our result against the planned two phases of FCC-hh [1, 2, 3

  15. HH-65A Dolphin digital integrated avionics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huntoon, R. B.

    1984-01-01

    Communication, navigation, flight control, and search sensor management are avionics functions which constitute every Search and Rescue (SAR) operation. Routine cockpit duties monopolize crew attention during SAR operations and thus impair crew effectiveness. The United States Coast Guard challenged industry to build an avionics system that automates routine tasks and frees the crew to focus on the mission tasks. The HH-64A SAR avionics systems of communication, navigation, search sensors, and flight control have existed independently. On the SRR helicopter, the flight management system (FMS) was introduced. H coordinates or integrates these functions. The pilot interacts with the FMS rather than the individual subsystems, using simple, straightforward procedures to address distinct mission tasks and the flight management system, in turn, orchestrates integrated system response.

  16. IFIN-HH, Scientific Report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragolici, Felicia; Enescu, Sanda-Elena; Oancea, Margareta; Preda, Mihaela; Prodan, Lucia; Raduta, Adriana; Sandu, Doina; Schiaua, Claudiu

    2001-01-01

    The annual report of the Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, IFIN-HH, on 2000 presents progress reports in the fields of Theoretical Physics (Nuclear and Atomic Physics (1 paper), Mathematical Physics, Field Theory and Elementary Particles (4 papers), Physics of Information (11 papers)), Nuclear Physics (Nuclear Structure (12 papers), Nuclear Reactions (11 papers), Applied Nuclear Physics (6 papers)), Atomic Physics (1 paper), Cosmic Rays and Nuclear Astrophysics (3 papers), Inertial Fusion, Physics of Neutrons and Nuclear Transmutations (3 papers), Nuclear Instruments and Methods (12 papers), Particle Physics (11 papers), Health and Environmental Physics (8 papers), Applied Physics (13 papers), Tracers, Radiopharmaceuticals and Radiometry (8 papers), Waste management and Site Restoration (1 paper) and Standardization (2 papers). Appendices are added listing the publications in journals, monographs and as preprints, contributions to international conferences, PhD theses, and scientific exchanges (foreign visitors, invited seminars, visits abroad, seminars abroad). Finally the Institute scientific board and research staff are listed

  17. IFIN-HH, Scientific Report 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carstea, Stefan; Dragulici, Felicia; Enescu, Sanda-Elena; Oancea, Margareta; Preda, Mihaela; Prodan, Lucia; Raduta, Adriana; Sandu, Doina; Schiaua, Claudiu

    2000-01-01

    The annual report of the Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, IFIN-HH, on 1999 presents progress reports in the fields of Theoretical Physics (Nuclear and Atomic Physics (14 papers); Mathematical Physics, Field Theory and Elementary Particles (5 ); Physics of Information (6)), Nuclear Physics (Nuclear Structure (11), Nuclear Reactions (10), Atomic Physics (3), Cosmic Rays and Nuclear Astrophysics (3), Physics of Neutrons (2); Nuclear Instruments and Methods (11)), Particle Physics (7), Health and Environmental Physics (10), Applied Physics (21), Tracers, Radiopharmaceuticals and Radiometry (16), Technological Development (2), Waste management and Site Restoration (2) and Standardization (4). Appendices are added listing the publications in journals, monographs and as preprints, contributions to international conferences, PhD theses, and scientific exchanges (foreign visitors, invited seminars, visits abroad, seminars abroad). Finally the Institute scientific board and research staff are listed

  18. IFIN-HH, Scientific Report 2001 - 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oancea, Margareta; Schiaua, Claudiu; Grecu, Dan; Dumitriu, Marinela

    2003-01-01

    The annual report of the Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN-HH on 2001-2002 presents progress reports in the fields of Theoretical Physics (Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Mathematical Physics, Field Theory and Elementary Particles, Computational Physics (Physics of Information) and Solid State Physics), Nuclear Physics (Nuclear Structure, Nuclear Reaction, Atomic Physics, Cosmic Rays and Nuclear Astrophysics, Inertial Fusion, Physics of Neutrons and Nuclear Transmutation, Nuclear Instruments and Methods), Particle Physics, Health and Environmental Physics, Applied Physics, Tracers, Radiopharmaceuticals and Radiometry, Waste Management and Site Restoration and Standardization. Appendices are added listing the publications in journals, books and preprints, participations in international conferences and scientific exchanges (foreign visitors, visits abroad, seminars abroad). Finally, the Institute directorate and research staff are listed

  19. Ammonia toroid aligned perpendicular to the HH 1 and HH 2 bipolar outflow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torrelles, J.M.; Canto, J.; Rodriguez, L.F.; Ho, P.T.P.; Moran, J.M.; Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City)

    1985-01-01

    The ammonia emission from the region containing the Herbig-Haro objects 1 and 2, which mark the presence of a bipolar outflow, was mapped. The ammonia observations delineate an elongated structure aligned perpendicular to the bipolar outflow. This ammonia condensation is centered between HH 1 and HH 2 and coincides with the recently discovered central radio continuum source. This continuum source has no optical counterpart. The ammonia spectrum at the position of the continuum source shows a remarkable splitting. Based on the orientation of the bipolar outflow, which is known to be oriented nearly perpendicular to the line of sight, and on theoretical considerations, it is concluded that the ammonia source is part of a toroid, viewed edge-on, in slow expansion driven by the wind pressure of the central source. This toroid may be the focusing mechanism for the bipolar outflow. Searches for ammonia condensations in the vicinity of other HH objects may help localize the energy sources of these systems. 26 references

  20. The IFIN-HH triple coincidence liquid scintillation counter

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Razdolescu, AC

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available at IFIN-HH using a 3 H standard. The performances of the IFIN-HH TDCR counter was checked against the measurement results of the TDCR counters of CSIR NML (South Africa), RC (Poland) and LNHB (France). A set of ready-to-measure Ni-63 sources in liquid...

  1. Observation of the HH 1 and 2 region with IRAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pravdo, S.H.; Chester, T.J.

    1987-01-01

    Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) observations of the region in Orion containing HH 1 and 2 reveal for the first time the large-scale distribution of newly formed stars. New infrared sources discovered in these observations are discussed, and attempts are made to untangle the complex infrared morphology of this field. A major finding of this study is that HH 1 is near the peak of an intense and broad plateau of 60 and 100 micron emission that spatially corresponds well with the boundaries of a previously detected molecular cloud. Other findings include the detection of an emitting circum-HH object dust complex around HH 2, 25 micron emission associated with the putative HH 1 and 2 exciting source discovered with the VLA, a new luminous far-infrared source, and numerous infrared source complexes, some in blank optical fields and others in fields containing optical emission-line stars. 37 references

  2. The dynamics of Herbig-Haro objects HH46 and 47A and their remarkable connecting filament HH47B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meaburn, J.; Dyson, J.E.

    1987-01-01

    Echelle observations of the Hα and [S II] line profiles have been made with the Anglo-Australian Telescope along the emission-line filament (HH47B) which connects the Herbig-Haro objects HH46 and 47A. A red continuum source between HH46 and the 10μm peak has a +-200kms -1 wide Hα component centred on the rest velocity of the parent globule. Scattered radiation from an embedded T Tauri star is suggested. HH46 and 47A are receding away from the observer but the connecting filament exhibits some form of velocity ellipse. The bipolar configuration had been previously suggested by the discovery of the counter object HH47C with Vsub(HEL) = 100kms -1 . (author)

  3. PROPER MOTIONS OF THE HH 110/270 SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajdic, P. [Instituto de Astronomia, UNAM, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Reipurth, B.; Walawender, J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 640 N. A' ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Raga, A. C. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Bally, J., E-mail: primoz@geofisica.unam.mx, E-mail: reipurth@IfA.Hawaii.Edu, E-mail: raga@nucleares.unam.mx, E-mail: John.Bally@casa.colorado.edu, E-mail: joshw@ifa.hawaii.edu [CASA, University of Colorado, 389 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0389 (United States)

    2012-05-15

    We present a study of the HH 110/270 system based on three sets of optical images obtained with the ESO New Technology Telescope, the Subaru Telescope, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The ground-based observations are made in the H{alpha} and [S II] emission lines and the HST observations are made in the H{alpha} line only. Ground-based observations reveal the existence of nine knots, which have not been previously discussed and offer some important insight into the HH 110/270 history. We perform a kinematic study of the HH 110/270 system and an analysis of its emission properties. We measure proper motions of all the knots in the system. Four of the newly identified knots belong to the HH 270 jet. Their positions indicate that the jet's axis changed its direction in the past. We speculate that similar changes may have occurred many times in the past and this could be part of the reason for the unusual structure of the HH 110 jet. The HST observations allow us to resolve individual knots into their substructures and to measure their proper motions. These measurements show that the knots are highly turbulent structures. Finally, we report the discovery of four new Herbig-Haro (HH) objects located near the HH 110/270 system.

  4. PROPER MOTIONS OF THE HH 110/270 SYSTEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kajdič, P.; Reipurth, B.; Walawender, J.; Raga, A. C.; Bally, J.

    2012-01-01

    We present a study of the HH 110/270 system based on three sets of optical images obtained with the ESO New Technology Telescope, the Subaru Telescope, and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The ground-based observations are made in the Hα and [S II] emission lines and the HST observations are made in the Hα line only. Ground-based observations reveal the existence of nine knots, which have not been previously discussed and offer some important insight into the HH 110/270 history. We perform a kinematic study of the HH 110/270 system and an analysis of its emission properties. We measure proper motions of all the knots in the system. Four of the newly identified knots belong to the HH 270 jet. Their positions indicate that the jet's axis changed its direction in the past. We speculate that similar changes may have occurred many times in the past and this could be part of the reason for the unusual structure of the HH 110 jet. The HST observations allow us to resolve individual knots into their substructures and to measure their proper motions. These measurements show that the knots are highly turbulent structures. Finally, we report the discovery of four new Herbig-Haro (HH) objects located near the HH 110/270 system.

  5. Hydrogeochemical applications of natural isotope of the U (4n+2) and Th(4n) series in Morro do Ferro, Pocos de Caldas (MG), Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonotto, D.M.

    1987-01-01

    Uranium and thorium isotopic analysis were performed on well spoils of the ore body at Morro do Ferro, Pocos de Caldas (MG), Brazil, using groundwater from several boreholes in the area and surface water from a stream and that originates at the base of the hill. For uranium and thorium extraction, a chemical process was applied to samples; activites of 228 Th and 232 Th radioisotopes (4n+2 series) were determined by alpha spectrometry. The uranium concentration and 234 U/ 238 U isotope ratio in groundwater were applied to developed models for deducing proportions of water in a mixture and for characterizing uranium accumulation. The correlation between variability in concentration of uranium dissolved in groundwater and alteration of the level of the water table due to infiltration of rainfall was observed. Chemical analysis of the major and minor compounds for groundwater of the ore body zone were done. (Author) [pt

  6. Hydrogeochemical utilization of natural isotopes from U(4n+2) and Th(4n) series at Morro do Ferro, Pocos de Caldas (MG)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonotto, D.M.

    1991-01-01

    Uranium and thorium isotopic analysis were performed on well spoils of the main ore body at Morro do Ferro, Pocos de Caldas (MG), using groundwater from several boreholes in the area and surface water from a steam that originates at the base of the hill. For extraction of uranium and thorium a long chemical process was applied to samples; activities of 228Th and 232 Th isotopes (4n series) and also of 238U, 234U and 230Th isotopes (4n+2 series)were determined by the alpha spectrometry method. The ratios 234U?238U determined for well spoils did not show marked disequilibria between these isotopes. However, the ratios 228Th/232Th and 230Th/234U obtained in some samples showed a high disequilibrium between these isotopes, associated with the presence of possible zones of removal of uranium and precipitation of radium.(author)

  7. ÿþA n y a n w u 4 5 3 - 4 5 6 f o r P r o u d . c d r

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ÿþU s e r

    To determine the relevance of the transverse aortic arch diameter in the evaluation of early aortic and cardiac enlargements. A total of 1818 chest radiographs of male and female normotensive and hypertensive. Nigerians of age range 4 - 80 and 10 - 80 years respectively were used for this study. Ages of subjects were.

  8. The spectrographic orbit of the eclipsing binary HH Carinae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mandrini, C.H.; Mendez, R.H.; Niemela, V.S.; Ferrer, O.E.

    1985-01-01

    We present a radial velocity study of the eclipsing binary system HH Carinae, and determine for the first time its spectrographic orbital elements. Using the results of a previous photometric study by Soderhjelm, we also determine the values of the masses and dimensions of the binary components. (author)

  9. FCC-hh Hadron Collider - Parameter Scenarios and Staging Options

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, Michael; Schulte, Daniel; Zimmermann, F; Syphers, M J

    2015-01-01

    FCC-hh is a proposed future energy-frontier hadron collider, based on dipole magnets with a field around 16 T installed in a new tunnel with a circumference of about 100 km, which would provide proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 100 TeV, as well as heavy-ion collisions at the equivalent energy. The FCC-hh should deliver a high integrated proton-proton luminosity at the level of several 100 fb−1 per year, or more. The challenges for operating FCC-hh with high beam current and at high luminosity include the heat load from synchrotron radiation in a cold environment, the radiation from collision debris around the interaction region, and machine protection. In this paper, starting from the FCC-hh design baseline parameters we explore different approaches for increasing the integrated luminosity, and discuss the impact of key individual pa- rameters, such as the turnaround time. We also present some injector considerations and options for early hadron-collider operation.

  10. THE POLARIMETRIC AND PHOTOMETRIC VARIABILITY OF HH 30

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Duran-Rojas, MarIa Carolina; Watson, Alan M.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Hiriart, David

    2009-01-01

    We have obtained ground-based photopolarimetry of the young stellar object HH 30 over the course of one year. Our observations reveal the presence of a dominant periodic modulation of the polarization with a period of 7.49 ± 0.04 days or one of the aliases of this period close to 1 day. There are also suggestions of a weak periodic modulation in the photometry with the same period but a phase displaced by one quarter of a period. These results are in agreement with the lighthouse model for HH 30, in which a beam or shadow from a central source sweeps across the disk. Our observations by themselves appear to be consistent with both of the mechanisms that have been proposed for the lighthouse-asymmetric accretion hot spots on the star or orbiting clumps or voids in the disk-and provide strong quantitative constraints for future models.

  11. First results for a FCC-hh ring optics design

    CERN Document Server

    Chance, Antoine; Payet, Jacques; Alemany Fernandez, Reyes; Holzer, Bernhard; Schulte, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The first order considerations of the optics for the FCC-hh ring are presented. The arc cell is generated taking into account some general considerations like the whole circumference, maximum gradients and lengths of the elements in the cell. The integration of the insertion regions started. Three types of Dispersion Suppressors (DIS) are studied. The sensitivity of the arc parameters to these layout considerations is studied in more detail. An alternative layout is shown as well.

  12. hh+ {Jet} production at 100 TeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Shankha; Englert, Christoph; Mangano, Michelangelo L.; Selvaggi, Michele; Spannowsky, Michael

    2018-04-01

    Higgs pair production is a crucial phenomenological process in deciphering the nature of the TeV scale and the mechanism underlying electroweak symmetry breaking. At the Large Hadron Collider, this process is statistically limited. Pushing the energy frontier beyond the LHC's reach will create new opportunities to exploit the rich phenomenology at higher centre-of-mass energies and luminosities. In this work, we perform a comparative analysis of the hh+ {jet} channel at a future 100 TeV hadron collider. We focus on the hh→ b\\bar{b} b\\bar{b} and hh → b\\bar{b} τ ^+τ ^- channels and employ a range of analysis techniques to estimate the sensitivity potential that can be gained by including this jet-associated Higgs pair production to the list of sensitive collider processes in such an environment. In particular, we observe that hh → b\\bar{b} τ ^+τ ^- in the boosted regime exhibits a large sensitivity to the Higgs boson self-coupling and the Higgs self-coupling could be constrained at the 8% level in this channel alone.

  13. HH 1158: THE LOWEST LUMINOSITY EXTERNALLY IRRADIATED HERBIG–HARO JET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riaz, B.; Whelan, E. T.

    2015-01-01

    We have identified a new externally irradiated Herbig–Haro (HH) jet, HH 1158, within ∼2 pc of the massive OB type stars in the σ Orionis cluster. At an L bol  ∼ 0.1 L ⊙ , HH 1158 is the lowest luminosity irradiated HH jet identified to date in any cluster. Results from the analysis of high-resolution optical spectra indicate asymmetries in the brightness, morphology, electron density, velocity, and the mass outflow rates for the blue and redshifted lobes. We constrain the position angle of the HH 1158 jet at 102° ± 5°. The mass outflow rate and the mean accretion rate for HH 1158 using multiple diagnostics are estimated to be (5.2 ± 2.6) × 10 −10 M ⊙ yr −1 and (3.0 ± 1.0) × 10 −10 M ⊙ yr −1 , respectively. The properties for HH 1158 are notably similar to the externally irradiated HH 444–HH 447 jets previously identified in σ Orionis. In particular, the morphology is such that the weaker jet beam is tilted toward the massive stars, indicating a higher extent of photo-evaporation. The high value for the Hα/[S ii] ratio is also consistent with the ratios measured in other irradiated jets, including HH 444–HH 447. The presence of an extended collimated jet that is bipolar and the evidence of shocked emission knots make HH 1158 the first unique case of irradiated HH jets at the very low-luminosity end, and provides an opportunity to learn the physical properties of very faint HH jet sources

  14. Development of the computer network of IFIN-HH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Danet, A.; Mirica, M.; Constantinescu, S.

    1998-01-01

    The general computer network of Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), as part of RNC (Romanian National Computer Network for scientific research and technological development), offers the Romanian physics research community an efficient and cost-effective infrastructure to communicate and collaborate with fellow researchers abroad, and to collect and exchange the most up-to-date information in their research area. RNC is the national project co-ordinated and established by the Ministry of Research and Technology targeted on the following main objectives: - setting up a technical and organizational infrastructure meant to provide national and international electronic services for the Romanian scientific research community; - providing a rapid and competitive tool for the exchange information in the framework of R-D community; - using the scientific and technical data bases available in the country and offered by the national networks from other countries through international networks; - providing a support for information, documentation, scientific and technical co-operation. The guiding principle in elaborating the project of general computer network of IFIN-HH was to implement an open system based on OSI standards without technical barriers in communication between different communities using different computing hardware and software. The major objectives achieved in 1997 in the direction of developing the general computer network of IFIN-HH (over 250 computers connected) were: - connecting all the existing and newly installed computer equipment and providing an adequate connectivity; - providing the usual Internet services: e-mail, ftp, telnet, finger, gopher; - providing access to the World Wide Web resources; - providing on-line statistics of IP traffic (input and output) of each node of the domain computer network; - improving the performance of the connection with the central node RNC. (authors)

  15. Beam-beam studies for FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2068329; Pieloni, Tatiana; Buffat, Xavier; Furuseth, Sondre Vik

    2017-01-01

    The Future Circular Collider hadron-hadron (FCC-hh) design study is currently exploring different IR design possibilities including round and flat optics or different crossing schemes. The present study intends to evaluate each scenario from the beam-beam effects point of view. In particular the single particle long term stability to maximize beam lifetimes and luminosity reach is used to quantify the differences. The impact of strong head on interactions on the beam quality and lifetime is addressed by means of GPU accelerated simulations code featuring a weak-strong 6-dimensional beam-beam interaction.

  16. EMQN best practice guidelines for the molecular genetic diagnosis of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porto, Graça; Brissot, Pierre; Swinkels, Dorine W; Zoller, Heinz; Kamarainen, Outi; Patton, Simon; Alonso, Isabel; Morris, Michael; Keeney, Steve

    2016-01-01

    Molecular genetic testing for hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is recognized as a reference test to confirm the diagnosis of suspected HH or to predict its risk. The vast majority (typically >90%) of patients with clinically characterized HH are homozygous for the p.C282Y variant in the HFE gene, referred to as HFE-related HH. Since 1996, HFE genotyping was implemented in diagnostic algorithms for suspected HH, allowing its early diagnosis and prevention. However, the penetrance of disease in p.C282Y homozygotes is incomplete. Hence, homozygosity for p.C282Y is not sufficient to diagnose HH. Neither is p.C282Y homozygosity required for diagnosis as other rare forms of HH exist, generally referred to as non-HFE-related HH. These pose significant challenges when defining criteria for referral, testing protocols, interpretation of test results and reporting practices. We present best practice guidelines for the molecular genetic diagnosis of HH where recommendations are classified, as far as possible, according to the level and strength of evidence. For clarification, the guidelines' recommendations are preceded by a detailed description of the methodology and results obtained with a series of actions taken in order to achieve a wide expert consensus, namely: (i) a survey on the current practices followed by laboratories offering molecular diagnosis of HH; (ii) a systematic literature search focused on some identified controversial topics; (iii) an expert Best Practice Workshop convened to achieve consensus on the practical recommendations included in the guidelines. PMID:26153218

  17. Developments of the general computer network of NIPNE-HH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mirica, M.; Constantinescu, S.; Danet, A.

    1997-01-01

    Since 1991 the general computer network of NIPNE-HH was developed and connected to RNCN (Romanian National Computer Network) for research and development and it offers to the Romanian physics research community an efficient and cost-effective infrastructure to communicate and collaborate with fellow researchers abroad, and to collect and exchange the most up-to-date information in their research area. RNCN is targeted on the following main objectives: Setting up a technical and organizational infrastructure meant to provide national and international electronic services for the Romanian scientific research community; - Providing a rapid and competitive tool for the exchange of information in the framework of Research and Development (R-D) community; - Using the scientific and technical data bases available in the country and offered by the national networks from other countries through international networks; - Providing a support for information, scientific and technical co-operation. RNCN has two international links: to EBONE via ACONET (64kbps) and to EuropaNET via Hungarnet (64 kbps). The guiding principle in designing the project of general computer network of NIPNE-HH, as part of RNCN, was to implement an open system based on OSI standards taking into account the following criteria: - development of a flexible solution, according to OSI specifications; - solutions of reliable gateway with the existing network already in use,allowing the access to the worldwide networks; - using the TCP/IP transport protocol for each Local Area Network (LAN) and for the connection to RNCN; - ensuring the integration of different and heterogeneous software and hardware platforms (DOS, Windows, UNIX, VMS, Linux, etc) through some specific interfaces. The major objectives achieved in direction of developing the general computer network of NIPNE-HH are: - linking all the existing and newly installed computer equipment and providing an adequate connectivity. LANs from departments

  18. HH 222: A GIANT HERBIG-HARO FLOW FROM THE QUADRUPLE SYSTEM V380 ORI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reipurth, Bo; Aspin, Colin; Connelley, M. S. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 640 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Bally, John [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Geballe, T. R. [Gemini Observatory, 670 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Kraus, Stefan [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-78, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Appenzeller, Immo [Landessternwarte Heidelberg, Königstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Burgasser, Adam, E-mail: reipurth@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: caa@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: msc@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: John.Bally@colorado.edu, E-mail: tgeballe@gemini.edu, E-mail: stefan.kraus@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: iappenze@lsw.uni-heidelberg.de, E-mail: aburgasser@ucsd.edu [Center for Astrophysics and Space Science, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States)

    2013-11-01

    HH 222 is a giant shocked region in the L1641 cloud, and is popularly known as the Orion Streamers or ''the waterfall'' on account of its unusual structure. At the center of these streamers are two infrared sources coincident with a nonthermal radio jet aligned along the principal streamer. The unique morphology of HH 222 has long been associated with this radio jet. However, new infrared images show that the two sources are distant elliptical galaxies, indicating that the radio jet is merely an improbable line-of-sight coincidence. Accurate proper motion measurements of HH 222 reveal that the shock structure is a giant bow shock moving directly away from the well-known, very young, Herbig Be star V380 Ori. The already known Herbig-Haro object HH 35 forms part of this flow. A new Herbig-Haro object, HH 1041, is found precisely in the opposite direction of HH 222 and is likely to form part of a counterflow. The total projected extent of this HH complex is 5.3 pc, making it among the largest HH flows known. A second outflow episode from V380 Ori is identified as a pair of HH objects, HH 1031 to the northwest and the already known HH 130 to the southeast, along an axis that deviates from that of HH 222/HH 1041 by only 3.°7. V380 Ori is a hierarchical quadruple system, including a faint companion of spectral type M5 or M6, which at an age of ∼1 Myr corresponds to an object straddling the stellar-to-brown dwarf boundary. We suggest that the HH 222 giant bow shock is a direct result of the dynamical interactions that led to the conversion from an initial non-hierarchical multiple system into a hierarchical configuration. This event occurred no more than 28,000 yr ago, as derived from the proper motions of the HH 222 giant bow shock.

  19. HIGH ANGULAR RESOLUTION MULTI-LINE STUDY OF HH 1 AND 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raga, A. C.; Castellanos-Ramírez, A. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ap. 70-543, 04510 D.F., México (Mexico); Reipurth, Bo; Chiang, Hsin-Fang [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Bally, J., E-mail: raga@nucleares.unam.mx [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, UCB 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

    2015-10-15

    We present new Hubble Space Telescope (HST) narrow band images of the bright Herbig–Haro (HH) objects HH 1 and 2 in the light of the Hα, Hβ, [O i] 6300, [O ii] 3726+28, [O iii] 5007 and [S ii] 6716+30 emission lines. The resulting emission and line ratio maps give an improved picture of the physical structure of these HH objects, showing the presence of spatially limited, high excitation/ionization ridges. We find that HH 1 has a morphology that could be interpreted in terms of a single, asymmetric bow shock, and that many of the clumps of HH 2 fall in two bow-shaped structures of different excitations. We also construct two-line ratio plots showing clear trends, which are much simpler than the highly complex spatial distributions of the emission, and are therefore interesting for testing shock models of HH objects (we only present a comparison with previously published, steady plane-parallel shock models). We have also used the temperature-sensitive [O i]/[S ii] line ratio to evaluate the temperature range and to obtain temperature maps of HH 1 and 2. We find that this line ratio picks out emitting regions with temperatures ≈10{sup 4} K, except along the leading edges of the HH 1 and 2 bow shocks (in which temperatures of ∼3 → 5 × 10{sup 4} K are obtained)

  20. A Comparison of the Radio and Optical Time-Evolution of HH 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, L. F.; Raga, A. C.; Rodríguez-Kamenetzky, A.; Carrasco-González, C.

    2018-04-01

    We present a comparison between the time-evolution over the past ≍20 years of the radio continuum and Hα emission of HH 1 and 2. We find that the radio continuum and the Hα emission of both objects show very similar trends, with HH 1 becoming fainter and HH 2 brightening quite considerably (by about a factor of 2). We also find that the FHα /Fff (Hα to freefree continuum) ratio of HH 1 and 2 has higher values than the ones typically found in planetary nebulae (PNe), which we interpret as an indication that the Hα and free-free emission of HH 1/2 is produced in emitting regions with lower temperatures (≍2000 K) than the emission of PNe (with ≍104 K).

  1. Narrowband imaging of the Herbig-Haro object HH 46/47

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raga, A.C.; Mateo, M.

    1987-01-01

    Narrow-band CCD images of the HH 46/47 system were obtained in the light of the H-alpha, forbidden N II 6583-A forbidden S II 6717-A and forbidden S II 6731-A emission lines. The images include HH 46, HH 47B, and HH 47A. A calibration for these images was carried out that makes it possible to calculate line ratios, and then use these line ratios as diagnostics of the physical conditions in the radiating gas. The study shows that the bright condensation HH 47A has a higher electron density and a lower excitation spectrum than the jet that joins this condensation to the central source. This result does not agree with the observations of other morphologically similar Herbig-Haro objects. 36 references

  2. Mammotome HH biopsy - the future of minimal invasive breast surgery?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pietrzyk, G.; Nowicki, J.; Bojarski, B.; Kedzierski, B.; Wysocki, A.; Prudlak, E.

    2007-01-01

    Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy / Mammotome HH '' R '' Breast Biopsy System/ is the milestone in the diagnosis of breast lesions. This system has proven to be as diagnostically reliable as open surgery, but without scarring, deformations and hospitalizations associated with an open procedure. The aim of our study was to assess the role and possibilities of using this biopsy in treatment of benign breast lesions like fibroadenoma. From 2001 to 2004, about 1118 Mammotome biopsies were performed in our Department. Among 445 Mammotome biopsies performed under US control there were 211 cases of fibroadenomas. Follow-up was performed in 156 patients with this result at 6 and 12 months after biopsy. In our study we took into considerations the size, localizations as well as performers. In 2002 there were 70.8% patients with total lesion excision, 16.7% with residual lesion and 12.5% women with hematomas or scars. In 2003-2004 there were more women with total lesion excision (84.3%), fewer residual tumors and other lesions. In future, Mammotome breast biopsy can replace scalpel, and will become an alternative method to open surgical excision of fibroadenomas. It is important especially in the cases of young women to prevent cosmetic deformations and scars. (author)

  3. ALMA OBSERVATIONS OF THE HH 46/47 MOLECULAR OUTFLOW

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arce, Héctor G.; Mardones, Diego; Garay, Guido; Corder, Stuartt A.; Noriega-Crespo, Alberto; Raga, Alejandro C.

    2013-01-01

    The morphology, kinematics, and entrainment mechanism of the HH 46/47 molecular outflow were studied using new ALMA Cycle 0 observations. Results show that the blue and red lobes are strikingly different. We argue that these differences are partly due to contrasting ambient densities that result in different wind components having a distinct effect on the entrained gas in each lobe. A 29 point mosaic, covering the two lobes at an angular resolution of about 3'', detected outflow emission at much higher velocities than previous observations, resulting in significantly higher estimates of the outflow momentum and kinetic energy than previous studies of this source, using the CO(1-0) line. The morphology and the kinematics of the gas in the blue lobe are consistent with models of outflow entrainment by a wide-angle wind, and a simple model describes the observed structures in the position-velocity diagram and the velocity-integrated intensity maps. The red lobe exhibits a more complex structure, and there is evidence that this lobe is entrained by a wide-angle wind and a collimated episodic wind. Three major clumps along the outflow axis show velocity distribution consistent with prompt entrainment by different bow shocks formed by periodic mass ejection episodes which take place every few hundred years. Position-velocity cuts perpendicular to the outflow cavity show gradients where the velocity increases toward the outflow axis, inconsistent with outflow rotation. Additionally, we find evidence for the existence of a small outflow driven by a binary companion

  4. Comparative evaluation of H&H and WFNS grading scales with modified H&H (sans systemic disease): A study on 1000 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Ashish; Dhandapani, Sivashanmugam; Praneeth, Kokkula; Sodhi, Harsimrat Bir Singh; Pal, Sudhir Singh; Gaudihalli, Sachin; Khandelwal, N; Mukherjee, Kanchan K; Tewari, M K; Gupta, Sunil Kumar; Mathuriya, S N

    2018-01-01

    The comparative studies on grading in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) had several limitations such as the unclear grading of Glasgow Coma Scale 15 with neurological deficits in World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS), and the inclusion of systemic disease in Hunt and Hess (H&H) scales. Their differential incremental impacts and optimum cut-off values for unfavourable outcome are unsettled. This is a prospective comparison of prognostic impacts of grading schemes to address these issues. SAH patients were assessed using WFNS, H&H (including systemic disease), modified H&H (sans systemic disease) and followed up with Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) at 3 months. Their performance characteristics were analysed as incremental ordinal variables and different grading scale dichotomies using rank-order correlation, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden's J and multivariate analyses. A total of 1016 patients were studied. As univariate incremental variable, H&H sans systemic disease had the best negative rank-order correlation coefficient (-0.453) with respect to lower GOS (p H&H sans systemic disease had the greatest adjusted incremental impact of 0.72 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54-0.91) against a lower GOS as compared to 0.6 (95% CI 0.45-0.74) and 0.55 (95% CI 0.42-0.68) for H&H and WFNS grades, respectively. In multivariate categorical analysis, H&H grades 4-5 sans systemic disease had the greatest impact on unfavourable GOS with an adjusted odds ratio of 6.06 (95% CI 3.94-9.32). To conclude, H&H grading sans systemic disease had the greatest impact on unfavourable GOS. Though systemic disease is an important prognostic factor, it should be considered distinctly from grading. Appropriate cut-off values suggesting unfavourable outcome for H&H and WFNS were 4-5 and 3-5, respectively, indicating the importance of neurological deficits in addition to level of consciousness.

  5. Bovine exome sequence analysis and targeted SNP genotyping of recessive fertility defects BH1, HH2, and HH3 reveal a putative causative mutation in SMC2 for HH3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Matthew C; Bickhart, Derek; Null, Dan; Vanraden, Paul; Xu, Lingyang; Wiggans, George; Liu, George; Schroeder, Steve; Glasscock, Jarret; Armstrong, Jon; Cole, John B; Van Tassell, Curtis P; Sonstegard, Tad S

    2014-01-01

    The recent discovery of bovine haplotypes with negative effects on fertility in the Brown Swiss, Holstein, and Jersey breeds has allowed producers to identify carrier animals using commercial single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays. This study was devised to identify the causative mutations underlying defective bovine embryo development contained within three of these haplotypes (Brown Swiss haplotype 1 and Holstein haplotypes 2 and 3) by combining exome capture with next generation sequencing. Of the 68,476,640 sequence variations (SV) identified, only 1,311 genome-wide SNP were concordant with the haplotype status of 21 sequenced carriers. Validation genotyping of 36 candidate SNP identified only 1 variant that was concordant to Holstein haplotype 3 (HH3), while no variants located within the refined intervals for HH2 or BH1 were concordant. The variant strictly associated with HH3 is a non-synonymous SNP (T/C) within exon 24 of the Structural Maintenance of Chromosomes 2 (SMC2) on Chromosome 8 at position 95,410,507 (UMD3.1). This polymorphism changes amino acid 1135 from phenylalanine to serine and causes a non-neutral, non-tolerated, and evolutionarily unlikely substitution within the NTPase domain of the encoded protein. Because only exome capture sequencing was used, we could not rule out the possibility that the true causative mutation for HH3 might lie in a non-exonic genomic location. Given the essential role of SMC2 in DNA repair, chromosome condensation and segregation during cell division, our findings strongly support the non-synonymous SNP (T/C) in SMC2 as the likely causative mutation. The absence of concordant variations for HH2 or BH1 suggests either the underlying causative mutations lie within a non-exomic region or in exome regions not covered by the capture array.

  6. Bovine exome sequence analysis and targeted SNP genotyping of recessive fertility defects BH1, HH2, and HH3 reveal a putative causative mutation in SMC2 for HH3.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew C McClure

    Full Text Available The recent discovery of bovine haplotypes with negative effects on fertility in the Brown Swiss, Holstein, and Jersey breeds has allowed producers to identify carrier animals using commercial single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP genotyping assays. This study was devised to identify the causative mutations underlying defective bovine embryo development contained within three of these haplotypes (Brown Swiss haplotype 1 and Holstein haplotypes 2 and 3 by combining exome capture with next generation sequencing. Of the 68,476,640 sequence variations (SV identified, only 1,311 genome-wide SNP were concordant with the haplotype status of 21 sequenced carriers. Validation genotyping of 36 candidate SNP identified only 1 variant that was concordant to Holstein haplotype 3 (HH3, while no variants located within the refined intervals for HH2 or BH1 were concordant. The variant strictly associated with HH3 is a non-synonymous SNP (T/C within exon 24 of the Structural Maintenance of Chromosomes 2 (SMC2 on Chromosome 8 at position 95,410,507 (UMD3.1. This polymorphism changes amino acid 1135 from phenylalanine to serine and causes a non-neutral, non-tolerated, and evolutionarily unlikely substitution within the NTPase domain of the encoded protein. Because only exome capture sequencing was used, we could not rule out the possibility that the true causative mutation for HH3 might lie in a non-exonic genomic location. Given the essential role of SMC2 in DNA repair, chromosome condensation and segregation during cell division, our findings strongly support the non-synonymous SNP (T/C in SMC2 as the likely causative mutation. The absence of concordant variations for HH2 or BH1 suggests either the underlying causative mutations lie within a non-exomic region or in exome regions not covered by the capture array.

  7. A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE STAR-FORMING CORE AHEAD OF HH 80N

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masque, Josep M.; Estalella, Robert; Osorio, Mayra; Anglada, Guillem; Girart, Josep M.; Garay, Guido; Calvet, Nuria; Beltran, Maria T.

    2011-01-01

    We present observations of continuum emission in the mid-infrared to millimeter wavelength range, complemented with ammonia observations, of the dense core ahead of the radio Herbig-Haro (HH) object HH 80N, found in the GGD 27 region. The continuum emission in all the observed bands peaks at the same position, consistent with the presence of an embedded object, HH 80N-IRS1, within the core. The distribution of the Very Large Array ammonia emission is well correlated with that of the dust, suggesting that photochemical effects caused by the nearby HH object do not play an important role in shaping this particular molecular emission. In order to unveil the nature of HH 80N-IRS1, we analyzed the continuum data of this source, using self-consistent models of protostellar collapse. We find that a young protostar surrounded by a slowly rotating collapsing envelope of radius ∼0.08 pc and 20 M sun plus a circumstellar disk of radius ∼300 AU and 0.6 M sun provide a good fit to the observed spectral energy distribution and to the maps at 350 μm, 1.2 mm, and 3.5 mm of HH 80N-IRS1. Besides, the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment and Plateau de Bure Interferometer continuum maps at 350 μm and 3.5 mm, respectively, reveal additional clumps in the continuum emission. Given the modeling results and the observed morphology of the emission, we propose a scenario consisting of a central embedded Class 0 object, HH 80N-IRS1, with the rest of the material of the HH 80N core possibly undergoing fragmentation that may lead to the formation of several protostars.

  8. States characterized by the irreducible single row representations of the U(3) is contained in SO(3) and U(4) is contained in Dsup(3/2)[SO(3)] chains of groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dumitrescu, T.S.

    1977-01-01

    A new method is applied in order to obtain the irreducible single row representations of the groups under study. For the case U(3) contained in SO(3) also an explicit realization is constructed. The method has the advantage of being simpler than the previously used ones. (author)

  9. Observations of high-velocity molecular gas near Herbig-Haro objects: HH 24--27 and HH 1--2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snell, R.L.; Edwards, S.

    1982-01-01

    High-velocity CO has been detected in the vicinity of the Herbig-Haro objects HH 24--27. These observations indicate that there are two sources of high-velocity outflow; one centered on an infrared source near HH 26, and the second centered roughly 2' south of HH 24. The redshifted and blueshifted wings in both sources are spatially separated suggesting that the high-velocity gas is due to energetic bipolar outflow from young stars embedded in the molecular cloud. The association of Herbig-Haro objects with regions of high-velocity gas suggests a common origin for both in the interaction of a stellar wind with the ambient molecular cloud. The mass loss rates implied by our observations, assuming that the rate of mass loss has been constant throughout the dynamical lifetime of the bipolar lobes, are roughly 10 -6 M/sub sun/ yr -1 for both sources. We have also searched for high-velocity gas near HH 1--2 but found no evidence for mass outflow in this region

  10. PROPER MOTIONS OF THE OUTER KNOTS OF THE HH 80/81/80N RADIO-JET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masqué, Josep M.; Rodriguez, Luis F.; Carrasco-González, Carlos [Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México (Mexico); Araudo, Anabella [University of Oxford, Astrophysics, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Estalella, Robert [Departament d’Astronomia i Meteorologia and Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (IEEC-UB), Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain); Anglada, Guillem; Osorio, Mayra [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apartado 3004, E-18080 Granada (Spain); Girart, Josep M. [Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, S/N, E-08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalunya (Spain)

    2015-11-20

    The radio-knots of the Herbig–Haro (HH) 80/81/80N jet extend from the HH 80 object to the recently discovered Source 34 and has a total projected jet size of 10.3 pc, constituting the largest collimated radio-jet system known so far. It is powered by the bright infrared source IRAS 18162−2048 associated with a massive young stellar object. We report 6 cm JVLA observations that, compared with previous 6 cm VLA observations carried out in 1989, allow us to derive proper motions of the HH 80, HH 81, and HH 80N radio knots located about 2.5 pc away in projection from the powering source. For the first time, we measure proper motions of the optically obscured HH 80N object providing evidence that this knot, along with HH 81 and HH 80 are associated with the same radio-jet. We also confirm the presence of Source 34, located further north of HH 80N, previously proposed to belong to the jet.We derived that the tangential velocity of HH 80N is 260 km s{sup −1} and has a direction in agreement with the expected direction of a ballistic precessing jet. The HH 80 and HH 81 objects have tangential velocities of 350 and 220 km s{sup −1}, respectively, but their directions are somewhat deviated from the expected jet path. The velocities of the HH objects studied in this work are significantly lower than those derived for the radio knots of the jet close to the powering source (600–1400 km s{sup −1}) suggesting that the jet is slowing down due to a strong interaction with the ambient medium. As a result, since HH 80 and HH 81 are located near the edge of the cloud, the inhomogeneous and low density medium may contribute to skew the direction of their determined proper motions. The HH 80 and HH 80N emission at 6 cm is, at least in part, probably synchrotron radiation produced by relativistic electrons in a magnetic field of 1 mG. If these electrons are accelerated in a reverse adiabatic shock, we estimate a jet total density of ≲1000 cm{sup −3}. All of these

  11. COLLISIONALLY EXCITED FILAMENTS IN HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE Hα AND Hβ IMAGES OF HH 1/2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raga, A. C.; Castellanos-Ramírez, A. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ap. 70-543, 04510 México, D.F. (Mexico); Reipurth, B.; Chiang, Hsin-Fang [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Bally, J., E-mail: raga@nucleares.unam.mx [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, UCB 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

    2015-01-01

    We present new Hα and Hβ images of the HH 1/2 system, and we find that the Hα/Hβ ratio has high values in ridges along the leading edges of the HH 1 bow shock and of the brighter condensations of HH 2. These ridges have Hα/Hβ = 4 → 6, which is consistent with collisional excitation from the n = 1 to the n = 3 and 4 levels of hydrogen in a gas of temperatures T = 1.5 → 10 × 10{sup 4} K. This is therefore the first direct evidence that the collisional excitation/ionization region of hydrogen just behind Herbig-Haro shock fronts is detected.

  12. Cross-talk studies between FCC-hh Experimental Interaction Regions

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2081283; Seryi, Andrei; Appleby, Robert Barrie; Rafique, Haroon; Besana, Maria Ilaria

    2017-01-01

    Debris from 50 TeV proton-proton collisions at the main interaction point in the FCC-hh may contribute to the background in the subsequent detector. This cross-talk is of possible concern for the FCC-hh due to the high luminosity and energy of the collider. DPMJET-III is used as a collision debris generator in order to assess the muon cross-talk contribution. An analytical calculation of muon range in rock is performed. This is followed by a full Monte Carlo simulation using FLUKA, where the accelerator tunnel has been modelled. The muon cross talk between the adjacent interaction points is assessed and its implications for FCC-hh design are discussed.

  13. First Design of a Proton Collimation System for 50 TeV FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Fiascaris, Maria; Mirarchi, Daniele; Redaelli, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    We present studies aimed at defining a first conceptual solution for a collimation system for the hadron-hadron option for the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh). The baseline collimation layout is based on the scaling of the present LHC collimation system to the FCC-hh energy. It currently includes a dedicated betatron cleaning insertion as well as collimators in the experimental insertions to protect the inner triplets. An aperture model for the FCC-hh is defined and the geometrical acceptance is calculated at top energy taking into account mechanical and optics imperfections. Based on these studies the collimator settings needed to protect the machine are defined. The performance of the collimation system is then assessed with particle tracking simulation tools assuming a perfect machine.

  14. Considerations on operation schedule and maintenance aspects of FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Niemi, Arto; Foraz, Katy

    2018-01-01

    The Future Circular Hadron Collider (FCC-hh) has ambitious goals for integrated luminosity production. Reaching these goals requires reducing the time for planned technical stops and commissioning, compared to the LHC. This note describes potential options for an FCC-hh operation schedule. Special attention is given to considerations on how to accomplish the required maintenance activities in a limited time frame. The note recommends to study further the feasibility and cost-efficiency of operating without annual stops and longer intervals between long shutdowns.

  15. Updates on the optics of the future hadron-hadron collider FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2093721; Boutin, David Jean Henri; Dalena, Barbara; Holzer, Bernhard; Langner, Andy Sven; Schulte, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The FCC-hh (Future Hadron-Hadron Circular Collider) is one of the three options considered for the next generation accelerator in high-energy physics as recommended by the European Strategy Group. The layout of FCC-hh has been optimized to a more compact design following recommendations from civil engineering aspects. The updates on the first order and second order optics of the ring will be shown for collisions at the required centre-of-mass energy of 100 TeV. Special emphasis is put on the dispersion suppressors and general beam cleaning sections as well as first considerations of injection and extraction sections.

  16. Overview of design development of FCC-hh Experimental Interaction Regions

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2082479; Abelleira, Jose; Cruz Alaniz, Emilia; Van Riesen-Haupt, Leon; Benedikt, Michael; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Buffat, Xavier; Burkhardt, Helmut; Cerutti, Francesco; Langner, Andy Sven; Martin, Roman; Riegler, Werner; Schulte, Daniel; Tomas Garcia, Rogelio; Appleby, Robert Barrie; Rafique, Haroon; Barranco Garcia, Javier; Pieloni, Tatiana; Boscolo, Manuela; Collamati, Francesco; Nevay, Laurence James; Hofer, Michael

    2017-01-01

    The experimental interaction region (EIR) is one of the key areas that define the performance of the Future Circular Collider. In this overview we will describe the status and the evolution of the design of EIR of FCC-hh, focusing on design of the optics, energy deposition in EIR elements, beam-beam effects and machine detector interface issues.

  17. HH-MIP: An Enhancement of Mobile IP by Home Agent Handover

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Chun-Chuan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose an enhancement of Mobile IP (MIP called MIP with Home Agent Handover (HH-MIP to enjoy most of the advantages of Route Optimization MIP (ROMIP but with only a small increase of signaling overhead. In HH-MIP, the concept of Temporary HA (THA is proposed and the mobile host (MH registers the new CoA with its THA rather than its original HA. Since the THA of an MH is selected to be close to the current location of MH, HH-MIP reduces the handoff latency and shortens the signaling path of registration as well. Moreover, HH-MIP adopts an aggressive approach in selecting THA for an MH, that is, whenever an MH is moving away from its HA or previous THA, the MH triggers the handover of THA. Theoretical analysis demonstrates that the proposed scheme enjoys small handoff latency as well as routing efficiency, and the signaling cost of the proposed scheme is significantly less than that in ROMIP.

  18. THE MOLECULAR EMISSION OF THE IRRADIATED STAR-FORMING CORE AHEAD OF HH 80N

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masque, Josep M.; Beltran, Maria T.; Estalella, Robert; Girart, Josep M.; Viti, Serena

    2009-01-01

    We present a Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association Array molecular survey of the star-forming core ahead of HH 80N, the optically obscured northern counterpart of the Herbig-Haro objects HH 80/81. Continuum emission at 1.4 mm and 8 μm is detected at the center of the core, which confirms the presence of an embedded very young stellar object in the core. All detected molecular species arise in a ringlike structure, which is most clearly traced by CS (2-1) emission. This molecular ring suggests that strong molecular depletion occurs in the inner part of the core (at a radius of ≅0.1 pc and densities higher than ∼5 x 10 4 cm -3 ). Despite the overall morphology and kinematic similarity between the different species, there is significant molecular differentiation along the ringlike structure. The analysis of the chemistry along the core shows that part of this differentiation may be caused by the UV irradiation of the nearby HH 80N object that illuminates the part of the core facing HH 80N, which results in an abundance enhancement of some of the detected species.

  19. Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (cHH as a modulator of aggression in crustacean decapods.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Aquiloni

    Full Text Available Biogenic amines, particularly serotonin, are recognised to play an important role in controlling the aggression of invertebrates, whereas the effect of neurohormones is still underexplored. The crustacean Hyperglycemic Hormone (cHH is a multifunctional member of the eyestalk neuropeptide family. We expect that this neuropeptide influences aggression either directly, by controlling its expression, or indirectly, by mobilizing the energetic stores needed for the increased activity of an animal. Our study aims at testing such an influence and the possible reversion of hierarchies in the red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, as a model organism. Three types of pairs of similarly sized males were formed: (1 'control pairs' (CP, n = 8: both individuals were injected with a phosphate saline solution (PBS; (2 'reinforced pairs' (RP, n = 9: the alpha alone was injected with native cHH, and the beta with PBS; (3 'inverted pairs' (IP, n = 9: the opposite of (2. We found that, independently of the crayfish's prior social experience, cHH injections induced (i the expression of dominance behaviour, (ii higher glycemic levels, and (iii lower time spent motionless. In CP and RP, fight intensity decreased with the establishment of dominance. On the contrary, in IP, betas became increasingly likely to initiate and escalate fights and, consequently, increased their dominance till a temporary reversal of the hierarchy. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that, similarly to serotonin, cHH enhances individual aggression, up to reverse, although transitorily, the hierarchical rank. New research perspectives are thus opened in our intriguing effort of understanding the role of cHH in the modulation of agonistic behaviour in crustaceans.

  20. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated Dax1 knockout in the monkey recapitulates human AHC-HH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Yu; Zheng, Bo; Shen, Bin; Chen, Yongchang; Wang, Lei; Wang, Jianying; Niu, Yuyu; Cui, Yiqiang; Zhou, Jiankui; Wang, Hong; Guo, Xuejiang; Hu, Bian; Zhou, Qi; Sha, Jiahao; Ji, Weizhi; Huang, Xingxu

    2015-12-20

    Mutations in the DAX1 locus cause X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (AHC) and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), which manifest with primary adrenal insufficiency and incomplete or absent sexual maturation, respectively. The associated defects in spermatogenesis can range from spermatogenic arrest to Sertoli cell only syndrome. Conclusions from Dax1 knockout mouse models provide only limited insight into AHC/HH disease mechanisms, because mouse models exhibit more extensive abnormalities in testicular development, including disorganized and incompletely formed testis cords with decreased number of peritubular myoid cells and male-to-female sex reversal. We previously reported successful clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-mediated genome targeting in cynomolgus monkeys. Here, we describe a male fetal monkey in which targeted genome editing using CRISPR/Cas9 produced Dax1-null mutations in most somatic tissues and in the gonads. This DAX1-deficient monkey displayed defects in adrenal gland development and abnormal testis architecture with small cords, expanded blood vessels and extensive fibrosis. Sertoli cell formation was not affected. This phenotype strongly resembles findings in human patients with AHC-HH caused by mutations in DAX1. We further detected upregulation of Wnt/β-catenin-VEGF signaling in the fetal Dax1-deficient testis, suggesting abnormal activation of signaling pathways in the absence of DAX1 as one mechanism of AHC-HH. Our study reveals novel insight into the role of DAX1 in HH and provides proof-of-principle for the generation of monkey models of human disease via CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene targeting. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  1. Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor HhAntag691 Is a Potent Inhibitor of ABCG2/BCRP and ABCB1/Pgp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yimao Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available HhAntag691 (GDC-0449, a low-molecular weight inhibitor of the tumor-promoting hedgehog (Hh signaling pathway, has been used to treat medulloblastoma in animal models and has recently entered clinical trials for a variety of solid tumors. Here, we show that HhAntag691 inhibits multiple ATP-binding cassette (ABC transporters. ATP-binding cassette transporters are within a family of membrane proteins, the overexpression of which is associated with multidrug resistance, a major impediment to successful cancer treatment. HhAntag691 is a potent inhibitor of two ABC transporters, ABCG2/BCRP and ABCB1/Pgp, and is a mild inhibitor of ABCC1/MRP1. In ABCG2-overexpressing HEK293 cells, HhAntag691 increased retention of the fluorescent ABCG2 substrate BODIPY-prazosin and resensitized these cells to mitoxantrone, an antineoplastic ABCG2 substrate. In Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells engineered to overexpress Pgp or MRP1, HhAntag691 increased the retention of calcein-AM and resensitized them to colchicine. HhAntag691 also resensitized human non-small cell lung carcinoma cells NCI-H460/par and NCI-H460/MX20, which overexpress ABCG2 in response to mitoxantrone, to mitoxantrone, and to topotecan or SN-38. The IC50 values of HhAntag691 for inhibition of ABCG2 and Pgp were ∼1.4 and ∼3.0 µM, respectively. Because ABC transporters are highly expressed at the blood-brain barrier and on many tumor cells, they contribute significantly to treatment failure of many types of cancer, particularly of those within the neuraxis. In addition to its effect on Hh signaling, the ability of HhAntag691 and related compounds to inhibit two key ABC transporters could contribute to their effectiveness in treating malignancies.

  2. AIRBORNE X-HH INCIDENCE ANGLE IMPACT ON CANOPY HEIGHT RETREIVAL: IMPLICATIONS FOR SPACEBORNE X-HH TANDEM-X GLOBAL CANOPY HEIGHT MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. L. Tighe

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available To support international climate change mitigation efforts, the United Nations REDD+ initiative (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation seeks to reduce land use induced greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. It requires independent monitoring of forest cover and forest biomass information in a spatially explicit form. It is widely recognised that remote sensing is required to deliver this information. Synthetic Aperture Radar interferometry (InSAR techniques have gained traction in the last decade as a viable technology from which vegetation canopy height and bare earth elevations can be derived. The viewing geometry of a SAR sensor is side-looking where the radar pulse is transmitted out to one side of the aircraft or satellite, defining an incidence angle (θ range. The incidence angle will change from near-range (NR to far-range (FR across of the track of the SAR platform. InSAR uses image pairs and thus, contain two set of incidence angles. Changes in the InSAR incidence angles can alter the relative contributions from the vegetation canopy and the ground surface and thus, affect the retrieved vegetation canopy height. Incidence angle change is less pronounced in spaceborne data than in airborne data and mitigated somewhat when multiple InSAR-data takes are combined. This study uses NEXTMap® single- and multi-pass X-band HH polarized InSAR to derive vegetation canopy height from the scattering phase centre height (hspc. Comparisons with in situ vegetation canopy height over three test sites (Arizona-1, Minnesota-2; the effect of incidence angle changes across swath on the X-HH InSAR hspc was examined. Results indicate at steep incidence angles (θ = 35º, more exposure of lower vegetation canopy structure (e.g. tree trunks led to greater lower canopy double bounce, increased ground scattering, and decreased volume scattering. This resulted in a lower scattering phase centre height (hspc or a greater underestimation of

  3. Luminous Herbig-Haro objects from a massive protostar: The unique case of HH 80/81

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reipurth, Bo

    2017-08-01

    Herbig-Haro (HH) objects are the optical manifestations of shock waves excited by outflows from young stars. They represent one of the few classes of spatially extended astronomical objects where both structural changes and proper motions can be measured on time scales of years to decades. HH 80/81 is a pair of HH objects in Sagittarius which are the intrinsically most luminous HH objects known. The driving source of HH 80/81 is the embedded star IRAS 18162-2048, which has a luminosity of 20,000 Lsun and excites a compact HII region, suggesting that it is a newborn massive star. HH objects associated with massive young stars are very rare, only a handful of cases are known, but what makes the HH 80/81 source unique among massive protostars is that it produces a finely collimated bipolar radio jet with extremely high velocity and pointing straight to HH 80/81. We propose to observe the HH 80/81 complex with WFC3 and the following four filters: Halpha 6563, Hbeta 4861, [SII] 6717/31, and [OIII] 5007. First epoch HST images were obtained 22 years ago, which now allows a very precise determination of proper motions. Groundbased optical and radio proper motions are not only uncertain, but actually contradict each other, a controversy that will be resolved by HST. The fine resolution of WFC3 allows a study of both fine structural details and structural changes of the shocks. Finally we will use a sophisticated adaptive grid code to interpret the (de-reddened) line ratios across the shocks.

  4. Ultraboosted Zt and γt production at the HL-LHC and FCC-hh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar-Saavedra, J.A. [Universidad de Granada, Departamento de Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos, Granada (Spain)

    2017-11-15

    Searches for anomalous Zt and γt production provide an excellent probe of flavour-changing top interactions when the energies considered are very large. In this note we estimate the sensitivity to these interactions at the high-luminosity phase of the LHC and a future 100 TeV pp collider (FCC-hh). For the LHC, the expected limits on t → uZ/uγ branching ratios from Zt and γt production will reach the 10{sup -5} level, one order of magnitude better than the existing projections for t → uZ from t anti t production. For the FCC-hh, the limits on t → uZ/uγ could reach an impressive sensitivity at the 10{sup -6} level, with limits on t → cZ/cγ at the 10{sup -5} level. (orig.)

  5. The Time-Dependent Wavelet Spectrum of HH 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raga, A. C.; Reipurth, B.; Esquivel, A.; González-Gómez, D.; Riera, A.

    2018-04-01

    We have calculated the wavelet spectra of four epochs (spanning ≍20 yr) of Hα and [S II] HST images of HH 1 and 2. From these spectra we calculated the distribution functions of the (angular) radii of the emission structures. We found that the size distributions have maxima (corresponding to the characteristic sizes of the observed structures) with radii that are logarithmically spaced with factors of ≍2→3 between the successive peaks. The positions of these peaks generally showed small shifts towards larger sizes as a function of time. This result indicates that the structures of HH 1 and 2 have a general expansion (seen at all scales), and/or are the result of a sequence of merging events resulting in the formation of knots with larger characteristic sizes.

  6. Sudden rotation reactive scattering: Theory and application to 3-D H+H2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowman, J.M.; Lee, K.T.

    1980-01-01

    An approximate quantum mechanical theory of reactive scattering is presented and applied to the H+H 2 reaction in three dimensions. Centrifugal sudden and rotational sudden approximations are made in each arrangement channel, however, vibrational states are treated in a fully coupled manner. Matching of arrangement channel wave functions is done where the arrangement channel centrifugal potentials are equal. This matching is particularly appropriate for collinearly favored reactions. Integral and differential cross sections are calculated for the H+H 2 reaction for H 2 in the ground and first excited vibrational states. These calculations employ the Porter--Karplus potential energy surface mainly to allow for comparisons with previous accurate and approximate quantal and quasiclassical calculations

  7. Exploring the $Z' \\rightarrow t\\overline{t}$ heavy resonance at FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Rachel Emma Clarke

    2017-01-01

    My summer student project explored the feasibility of detecting final states with boosted top quarks at 100 TeV with the baseline FCC-hh detector. I focused specifically on the $Z' \\rightarrow t\\overline{t}$ hadronic process. I determined the exclusion cross-section of $Z' \\rightarrow t\\overline{t}$ and the integrated luminosity required to make a discovery at the baseline FCC detector at 95% confidence level.

  8. 20 years of cosmic muons research performed in IFIN-HH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mitrica, Bogdan

    2012-01-01

    During the last two decades a modern direction in particle physics research has been developed in IFIN-HH Bucharest, Romania. The history started with the WILLI detector built in IFIN-HH Bucharest in collaboration with KIT Karlsruhe (formerly Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe). The detector was designed for measurements of the low energy muon charge ratio ( 0.4GeV, show a diurnal modulation of the muon flux. The analysis of the muon events for energies 15 eV. Simulation studies and preliminary experimental tests, regarding the performances of the mini-array, have been performed using H and Fe primaries, with energies in a range 10 13 eV - 10 15 eV. The results show detailed effects of the direction of EAS incidence relative to the geomagnetic field, depending, in particular, of the primary mass. Based on the results, we can say that WILLI-EAS experiment could be used for testing the hadronic interaction models. Measurements of the high energy muon flux in underground of the salt mine from Slanic Prahova, Romania was performed using a new mobile detector developed in IFIN-HH, Bucharest. Consisting of 2 scintillator plates measuring in coincidence, the detector is installed on a van which facilitates measurements on different positions at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes in different locations at surface or in underground. The detector was used to measure muon fluxes at different sites of Romania and in the underground of the salt mines from Slanic Prahova, Romania where IFIN-HH has a modern underground laboratory. New methods for the detection of cosmic ray muons are investigated in our institute based on scintillator techniques using optical fiber and MPPC photodyodes.

  9. The Three-Dimensional Structure of HH 32 from GMOS IFU Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Tracy L.; Riera, A.; Raga, A. C.; Aspin, C.

    2004-01-01

    We present new high-resolution spectroscopic observations of the Herbig-Haro object HH 32 from system verification observations made with the GMOS IFU at Gemini North Observatory. The three-dimensional spectral data cover a 8.7"×5.85" spatial field and 4820-7040 Å spectral region centered on the HH 32 A knot complex. We show the position-dependent line profiles and radial velocity channel maps of the Hα line, as well as line ratio velocity channel maps of [O III] λ5007/Hα, [O I] λ6300/Hα, [N II] λ6583/Hα, [S II] λλ(6716+6730)/Hα, and [S II] λ6716/λ6730. We find that the line emission and the line ratios vary significantly on spatial scales of ~1" and over velocities of ~50 km s-1. A ``3/2-dimensional'' bow shock model is qualitatively successful at reproducing the general features of the radial velocity channel maps, but it does not show the same complexity as the data, and it fails to reproduce the line ratios in our high spatial resolution maps. The observations of HH 32 A show two or three superposed bow shocks with separations of ~3", which we interpret as evidence of a line-of-sight superposition of two or three working surfaces located along the redshifted body of the HH 32 outflow. Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the NSF, the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (United Kingdom), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), CNPq (Brazil), and CONICET (Argentina).

  10. Design and performance studies of a hadronic calorimeter for a FCC-hh experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faltova, J.

    2018-03-01

    The hadron-hadron Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh) project studies the physics reach of a proton-proton machine with a centre-of-mass-energy of 100 TeV and five times greater peak luminosities than at the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). The high-energy regime of the FCC-hh opens new opportunities for the discovery of physics beyond the standard model. At 100 TeV a large fraction of the W, Z, H bosons and top quarks are produced with a significant boost. It implies an efficient reconstruction of very high energetic objects decaying hadronically. The reconstruction of those boosted objects sets the calorimeter performance requirements in terms of energy resolution, containment of highly energetic hadron showers, and high transverse granularity. We present the current baseline technologies for the calorimeter system in the barrel region of the FCC-hh reference detector: a liquid argon electromagnetic and a scintillator-steel hadronic calorimeters. The focus of this paper is on the hadronic calorimeter and the performance studies for hadrons. The reconstruction of single particles and the achieved energy resolution for the combined system of the electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters are discussed.

  11. Analytical parametrization and shape classification of anomalous HH production in the EFT approach

    CERN Document Server

    Carvalho, Alexandra; Manzano, Pablo de Castro; Dorigo, Tommaso; Goertz, Florian; Gouzevich, Maxime; Tosi, Mia

    2016-01-01

    In this document we study the effect of anomalous Higgs boson couplings on non-resonant pair production of Higgs bosons ($HH$) at the LHC. We explore the space of the five parameters $\\kappa_{\\lambda}$, $\\kappa_{t}$, $c_2$, $c_g$, and $c_{2g}$ in terms of the corresponding kinematics of the final state, and describe a partition of the space into a limited number of regions featuring similar phenomenology in the kinematics of $HH$ final state. We call clusters the sets of points belonging to the same region; to each cluster corresponds a representative point which we call a benchmark. We discuss a possible technique to estimate the sensitivity of an experimental search to the kinematical differences between the phenomenology of the benchmark points and the rest of the parameter space contained in the corresponding cluster. We also provide an analytical parametrization of the cross-section modifications that the variation of anomalous couplings produces with respect to standard model $HH$ production along with ...

  12. The Intricate Structure of HH 508, the Brightest Microjet in the Orion Nebula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ya-Lin; Close, Laird M.; Kim, Jinyoung Serena; Males, Jared R.; Morzinski, Katie M.

    2018-02-01

    We present Magellan adaptive optics Hα imaging of HH 508, which has the highest surface brightness among protostellar jets in the Orion Nebula. We find that HH 508 actually has a shorter component to the west, and a longer and knotty component to the east. The east component has a kink at 0.″3 from the jet-driving star θ 1 Ori B2, so it may have been deflected by the wind/radiation from the nearby θ 1 Ori B1B5. The origin of both components is unclear, but if each of them is a separate jet, then θ 1 Ori B2 may be a tight binary. Alternatively, HH 508 may be a slow-moving outflow, and each component represents an illuminated cavity wall. The ionization front surrounding θ 1 Ori B2B3 does not directly face θ 1 Ori B1B5, suggesting that the EUV radiation from θ 1 Ori C plays a dominant role in affecting the morphology of proplyds even in the vicinity of θ 1 Ori B1B5. Finally, we report an Hα blob that might be ejected by the binary proplyd LV 1.

  13. Binary energy source of the HH 250 outflow and its circumstellar environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comerón, Fernando; Reipurth, Bo; Yen, Hsi-Wei; Connelley, Michael S.

    2018-04-01

    Aims: Herbig-Haro flows are signposts of recent major accretion and outflow episodes. We aim to determine the nature and properties of the little-known outflow source HH 250-IRS, which is embedded in the Aquila clouds. Methods: We have obtained adaptive optics-assisted L-band images with the NACO instrument on the Very Large Telescope (VLT), together with N- and Q-band imaging with VISIR also on the VLT. Using the SINFONI instrument on the VLT we carried out H- and K-band integral field spectroscopy of HH 250-IRS, complemented with spectra obtained with the SpeX instrument at the InfraRed Telescope Facility (IRTF) in the JHKL bands. Finally, the SubMillimeter Array (SMA) interferometer was used to study the circumstellar environment of HH 250-IRS at 225 and 351 GHz with CO (2-1) and CO (3-2) maps and 0.9 mm and 1.3 mm continuum images. Results: The HH 250-IRS source is resolved into a binary with 0.''53 separation, corresponding to 120 AU at the adopted distance of 225 pc. The individual components show heavily veiled spectra with weak CO absorption indicative of late-type stars. Both are Class I sources, but their spectral energy distributions between 1.5 μm and 19 μm differ markedly and suggest the existence of a large cavity around one of the components. The millimeter interferometric observations indicate that the gas mainly traces a circumbinary envelope or disk, while the dust emission is dominated by one of the circumstellar envelopes. Conclusions: HH 250-IRS is a new addition to the handful of multiple systems where the individual stellar components, the circumstellar disks and a circumbinary disk can be studied in detail, and a rare case among those systems in which a Herbig-Haro flow is present. Based on observations obtained with the VLT (Cerro Paranal, Chile) in programs 089.C-0196(A), 095.C-0488(A), and 095.C-0488(B), as well as with IRTF (Mauna Kea, Hawaii), SMA (Mauna Kea, Hawaii), and the Nordic Optical Telescope (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain

  14. The electronic structure and bonding of a H-H pair in the vicinity of a BCC Fe bulk vacancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juan, A.; Pistonesi, C.; Brizuela, G. [Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca (Argentina). Departamento de Fisica; Garcia, A.J. [Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca (Argentina). Departamento de Ciencias de la Computacion

    2003-09-01

    The H-Fe interaction near a bcc Fe vacancy is analysed using a semi-empirical theoretical method. Calculations were performed using a Fe{sub 86} cluster with a vacancy. Hydrogen atoms are positioned in their local energy minima configurations. Changes in the electronic structure of Fe atoms near a vacancy were analysed for the system without H, with one H and with two H atoms. Fe atoms surrounding the vacancy weaken their bond when hydrogen is present. This is due to the formation of H-Fe bonds. Hydrogen influences only its nearest-neighbour Fe atoms. The H-H interaction was also analysed. For H-H distance of 0.82 Angstrom an H-H association is formed, while H-Fe interaction and Fe-Fe weakening is markedly reduced, when compared with other H-H interactions. (author)

  15. A study of the Herbig-Haro object HH 120 and the associated cometary globule CG 30

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pettersson, B.

    1984-01-01

    Infrared and spectroscopic observations are presented of a new Herbig-Haro object, here named HH 120, in the cometary globule CG 30. The emission line spectrum indicates a very low degree of excitation of the same order as that found for HH 47, HH 7, and HH 11. From several spectra a radial velocity of -42 km -1 +-12 km s -1 is deduced and the electron temperature, Tsub(e), and electron number density, Nsub(e), are found to be 9100 K+-400 K and 1700 cm -3 +-600 cm -3 , respectively. A prominent continuum is shown to be composed of a collisionally enhanced two-photon continuum and a reflected late-type stellar component, probably originating in the hidden source of energy. Infrared scans of CG 30 revealed five sources, two of which are very close to HH 120. It is argued that one of them, CG 30-IRS4, is the source of energy producing HH 120 and an associated reflection nebula. The bolometric luminosity of CG 30-IRS4 is estimated to be at least 0.9 Lsub(sun), its mass 1.1 Msub(sun) and its radius 1.6 Rsub(sun). (orig.)

  16. Observing and Reducing IFUs: INTEGRAL and PMAS—Properties of the Ionized Gas in HH 202

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis López-Martín

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The reduction of integral field spectroscopy (IFS data requires several stages and many repetitive operations to convert raw data into, typically, a large number of spectra. Instead there are several semiautomatic data reduction tools and here we present this data reduction process using some of the Image Reduction and Analysis Facility (IRAF tasks devoted to reduce spectroscopic data. After explaining the whole process, we illustrate the power of this instrumental technique with some results obtained for the object HH202 in the Orion Nebula (Mesa-Delgado et al., 2009.

  17. Exploring the triplet parameters space to optimise the final focus of the FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2141109; Abelleira, Jose; Seryi, Andrei; Cruz Alaniz, Emilia

    2017-01-01

    One of the main challenges when designing final focus systems of particle accelerators is maximising the beam stay clear in the strong quadrupole magnets of the inner triplet. Moreover it is desirable to keep the quadrupoles in the triplet as short as possible for space and costs reasons but also to reduce chromaticity and simplify corrections schemes. An algorithm that explores the triplet parameter space to optimise both these aspects was written. It uses thin lenses as a first approximation and MADX for more precise calculations. In cooperation with radiation studies, this algorithm was then applied to design an alternative triplet for the final focus of the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh).

  18. Radiation Load Optimization in the Final Focus System of FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Roman; Cerutti, Francesco; Tomás, Rogelio

    2016-01-01

    With a center-of-mass energy of up to 100 TeV, FCC-hh will produce highly energetic collision debris at the Interaction Point (IP). Protecting the final focus quadrupoles from this radiation is challenging, since the required amount of shielding placed inside the magnets will reduce the free aperture, thereby limiting the β^{*} reach and luminosity. Hence, radiation mitigation strategies that make best use of the available aperture are required. In this paper, we study the possibility to split the first quadrupole Q1 into two quadrupoles with individual apertures, in order to distribute the radiation load more evenly and reduce the peak dose.

  19. High velocity molecular gas near Herbig-Haro objects HH 7--11

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Snell, R.L.; Edwards, S.

    1981-01-01

    Observations of the J = 2-1 and J = 1-0 transitions of 12 CO and 13 CO reveal the presence of high velocity molecular gas associated with a low luminosity infrared source in the vicinity of the Herbig-Haro objects HH 7--11. The blueshifted and redshifted wings show peak intensities spatially separated by 1X5 (0.2 pc), suggesting an energetic bipolar outflow of gas from a young low mass star. The mass loss rate implied by these observations is 8 x 10 -6 M/sub sun/ yr -1

  20. Physics and life-business: Participation of IFIN-HH in ConvEX-3 Exercise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vamanu, D.; Slavnicu, D.; Gheorghiu, Dorina; Acasandrei, V.; Vamanu, B.

    2005-01-01

    The paper illustrates a less popular yet by no means less consequential task within IFIN-HH's public mission, namely - to provide scientific advice and technical support in the management of nuclear accidents and radiological emergencies. The case in point is ConvEX-3, a 36-hour, 41-actor-countries international alert exercise conducted, May 2005, by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna and targeting a virtual accident at Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant, Romania. A comprehensive Technical Report compiled in the aftermath of the exercise covers the results, as well as the ways and means at work, highlighting the productive complementarities of the two chief tools employed as assessment and decision support: RODOS (Real Time On-line Decision Support) - a 'major league' expert system based on fixed workstations, in development under an EC project and vying for a position of comprehensive, reference European tool 160 in nuclear emergency crises - for which IFIN-HH is the sole licensed operator in Romania; and RAT (Radiological Assessment Toolkit), a 'minor league' domestic counterpart operating at PC level, assembling a vademecum of, mainly U.S.-originated, reference models dwelling in radioactive inventories, source terms, environmental dispersion, dose and derived response levels, cadastral evaluation of impacts, and countermeasure assessment. (authors)

  1. Optimizing laboratory animal stress paradigms: The H-H* experimental design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarty, Richard

    2017-01-01

    Major advances in behavioral neuroscience have been facilitated by the development of consistent and highly reproducible experimental paradigms that have been widely adopted. In contrast, many different experimental approaches have been employed to expose laboratory mice and rats to acute versus chronic intermittent stress. An argument is advanced in this review that more consistent approaches to the design of chronic intermittent stress experiments would provide greater reproducibility of results across laboratories and greater reliability relating to various neural, endocrine, immune, genetic, and behavioral adaptations. As an example, the H-H* experimental design incorporates control, homotypic (H), and heterotypic (H*) groups and allows for comparisons across groups, where each animal is exposed to the same stressor, but that stressor has vastly different biological and behavioral effects depending upon each animal's prior stress history. Implementation of the H-H* experimental paradigm makes possible a delineation of transcriptional changes and neural, endocrine, and immune pathways that are activated in precisely defined stressor contexts. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. 20 years of cosmic muons research performed in IFIN-HH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitrica, Bogdan [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH, Bucharest, P.O.B.MG-6 (Romania)

    2012-11-20

    During the last two decades a modern direction in particle physics research has been developed in IFIN-HH Bucharest, Romania. The history started with the WILLI detector built in IFIN-HH Bucharest in collaboration with KIT Karlsruhe (formerly Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe). The detector was designed for measurements of the low energy muon charge ratio (< 1GeV) based on a delayed coincidence method, measuring the decay time of the muons stopped in the detector: the positive muons decay freely, but the negative muons are captured in the atom thus creating muonic atoms and decay depending on the nature of the host atom. In a first configuration, the WILLI detector was placed in a fixed position for measuring vertical muons. Further WILLI has been transformed in a rotatable device which allows directional measurements of muon charge ratio and muon flux. The results exhibit a pronounced azimuthal asymmetry (East-West effect) due to the different in fluence of the geomagnetic field on the trajectories of positive and negative muons in air. In parallel, flux measurement, taking into account muon events with nergies > 0.4GeV, show a diurnal modulation of the muon flux. The analysis of the muon events for energies < 0.6GeV reveals an aperiodic variation of the muon flux. A new detection system performing coincidence measurements between the WILLI calorimeter and a small array of 12 scintillators plates has been installed in IFIN-HH starting from the autumn of 2010. The aim of the system is to investigate muon charge ratio from individual EAS by using the mini-array as trigger for the WILLI calorimeter. Such experimental studies could provide detailed information on hadronic interaction models and primary cosmic ray composition at energies around 10{sup 15}eV. Simulation studies and preliminary experimental tests, regarding the performances of the mini-array, have been performed using H and Fe primaries, with energies in a range 10{sup 13}eV - 10{sup 15}eV. The results show

  3. A conceptual solution for a beam halo collimation system for the Future Circular hadron-hadron Collider (FCC-hh)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiascaris, M.; Bruce, R.; Redaelli, S.

    2018-06-01

    We present the first conceptual solution for a collimation system for the hadron-hadron option of the Future Circular Collider (FCC-hh). The collimation layout is based on the scaling of the present Large Hadron Collider collimation system to the FCC-hh energy and it includes betatron and momentum cleaning, as well as dump protection collimators and collimators in the experimental insertions for protection of the final focus triplet magnets. An aperture model for the FCC-hh is defined and the geometrical acceptance is calculated at injection and collision energy taking into account mechanical and optics imperfections. The performance of the system is then assessed through the analysis of normalized halo distributions and complete loss maps for an ideal lattice. The performance limitations are discussed and a solution to improve the system performance with the addition of dispersion suppression collimators around the betatron cleaning insertion is presented.

  4. Latest developments in the predisposal of radioactive waste at the radioactive waste management department from ifin-hh

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragolici, F.; Dogaru, G.; Neacsu, E.

    2016-01-01

    The Radioactive Waste Management Department (DMDR) from IFIN-HH has a wide experience in the management of the non-fuel cycle radioactive wastes from all over Romania generated from nuclear techniques and technologies application, assuring the radiological safety and security of operators, population and environment. During 2011-2015 was implemented a major upgrading programme applied both on the technological systems of the building and on equipment. The paper describes the facility developments having the scope to share to the public and stakeholders the radioactive waste predisposal capabilities available at DMDR-IFIN-HH. As a whole, today DMDR-IFIN-HH represents a complete and complex infrastructure, assuring high quality services in all the steps related to the management of the institutional radioactive waste in Romania. (authors)

  5. 177Lu-DOTA-HH1, a novel anti-CD37 radio-immunoconjugate: a study of toxicity in nude mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada H V Repetto-Llamazares

    Full Text Available CD37 is an internalizing B-cell antigen expressed on Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL and chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells (CLL. The anti-CD37 monoclonal antibody HH1 was conjugated to the bifunctional chelator p-SCN-Bn-DOTA and labelled with the beta-particle emitting radionuclide 177Lu creating the radio-immunoconjugate (RIC 177Lu-DOTA-HH1 (177Lu-HH1, trade name Betalutin. The present toxicity study was performed prior to initiation of clinical studies with 177Lu-HH1.Nude mice with or without tumor xenografts were treated with 50 to 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu- HH1 and followed for clinical signs of toxicity up to ten months. Acute, life threatening bone marrow toxicity was observed in animals receiving 800 and 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu-HH1. Significant changes in serum concentrations of liver enzymes were evident for treatment with 1000 MBq/kg 177Lu-HH1. Lymphoid depletion, liver necrosis and atrophy, and interstitial cell hyperplasia of the ovaries were also observed for mice in this dose group.177Lu-DOTA-HH1 was well tolerated at dosages about 10 times above those considered relevant for radioimmunotherapy in patients with B-cell derived malignancies.The toxicity profile was as expected for RICs. Our experimental results have paved the way for clinical evaluation of 177Lu-HH1 in NHL patients.

  6. THE COUNTERJET OF HH 30: NEW LIGHT ON ITS BINARY DRIVING SOURCE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Estalella, Robert; Lopez, Rosario; Riera, Angels [Departament d' Astronomia i Meteorologia, Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos (ICC), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Anglada, Guillem; Carrasco-Gonzalez, Carlos [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomia s/n, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Gomez, Gabriel, E-mail: robert.estalella@am.ub.es, E-mail: rosario.lopez@am.ub.es, E-mail: guillem@iaa.es, E-mail: ggv@iac.es, E-mail: gabriel.gomez@gtc.iac.es, E-mail: angels.riera@upc.edu, E-mail: carrasco@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2012-08-15

    We present new [S II] images of the Herbig-Haro (HH) 30 jet and counterjet observed in 2006, 2007, and 2010 that, combined with previous data, allowed us to measure with improved accuracy the positions and proper motions of the jet and counterjet knots. Our results show that the motion of the knots is essentially ballistic, with the exception of the farthest knots, which trace the large-scale 'C'-shape bending of the jet. The observed bending of the jet can be produced by a relative motion of the HH 30 star with respect to its surrounding environment, caused either by a possible proper motion of the HH 30 star, or by the entrainment of environment gas by the red lobe of the nearby L1551-IRS5 outflow. Alternatively, the bending can be produced by the stellar wind from a nearby classical T Tauri star, identified in the Two Micron All Sky Survey catalog as J04314418+181047. The proper motion velocities of the knots of the counterjet show more variations than those of the jet. In particular, we identify two knots of the counterjet that have the same kinematic age but whose velocities differ by almost a factor of two. Thus, it appears from our observations that counterjet knots launched simultaneously can be ejected with very different velocities. We confirm that the observed wiggling of the jet and counterjet arises from the orbital motion of the jet source in a binary system. Precession, if present at all, is of secondary importance in shaping the jet. We derive an orbital period of {tau}{sub o} = 114 {+-} 2 yr and a mass function of m{mu}{sup 3}{sub c} = 0.014 {+-} 0.006 M{sub Sun }. For a mass of the system of m = 0.45 {+-} 0.04 M{sub Sun} (the value inferred from observations of the CO kinematics of the disk), we obtain a mass of m{sub j} = 0.31 {+-} 0.04 M{sub Sun} for the jet source, a mass of m{sub c} = 0.14 {+-} 0.03 M{sub Sun} for the companion, and a binary separation of a = 18.0 {+-} 0.6 AU. This binary separation coincides with the value required

  7. A new AMS facility based on a Cockcroft-Walton type 1 MV tandetron at IFIN-HH Magurele, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stan-Sion, C.; Enachescu, M.; Ghita, D. G.; Calinescu, C. I.; Petre, A.; Mosu, D. V.; Klein, M.

    2014-01-01

    A 1 MV AMS machine was recently installed in the National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering IFIN-HH, Bucharest Romania. It is the second AMS facility at IFIN-HH having the goal not only to continue but mainly to enlarge the research area of this highly sensitive analyzing method. The multi-element AMS was developed by HVEE to measure 14C, 10Be, and 26Al, and 129I. The results of an acceptance test are presented and demonstrate that this machine is capable of routine 14C age dating and of measurements of other radioisotopes in terms of accuracy and precision as well as a low background level.

  8. Model for collimated outflows in molecular clouds and the case of HH 7-11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silvestro, G; Ferrari, A; Rosner, R; Trussoni, E; Tsinganos, K

    1987-01-15

    Modelling is carried out for collimated outflows of high-velocity gas in molecular clouds, which is often observed to be associated with linear chains of optical emission knots. A wind-flow model is proposed to account for the phenomenon, based on the structural similarities between the outflows and jets from active galactic nuclei and quasars. The chain of Herbig-Haro objects HH7-11 is used to illustrate the proposal. The model is based on flows in a channel of variable cross-sectional area due to Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities between the flow and the ambient medium. Solutions of the Mach number equation for such a channel are presented, which possess multiple critical points and shocks identified with observed optical knots. (U.K.).

  9. Evidence for CP violation in time-integrated $D^0 \\rightarrow h^-h^+$ decay rates

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amhis, Y; Anderson, J; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Arrabito, L; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Bailey, D S; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bates, A; Bauer, C; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blanks, C; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bobrov, A; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Büchler-Germann, A; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chiapolini, N; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Constantin, F; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Corti, G; Cowan, G A; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; De Bonis, I; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Lorenzi, F; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Degaudenzi, H; Del Buono, L; Deplano, C; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Dickens, J; Dijkstra, H; Diniz Batista, P; Domingo Bonal, F; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisele, F; Eisenhardt, S; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Esperante Pereira, D; Estève, L; Falabella, A; Fanchini, E; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garnier, J-C; Garofoli, J; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gascon, D; Gaspar, C; Gauvin, N; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harji, R; Harnew, N; Harrison, J; Harrison, P F; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Holubyev, K; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Huston, R S; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Ilten, P; Imong, J; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jahjah Hussein, M; Jans, E; Jansen, F; Jaton, P; Jean-Marie, B; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Keaveney, J; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kim, Y M; Knecht, M; Koopman, R; Koppenburg, P; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kruzelecki, K; Kucharczyk, M; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Li, L; Li Gioi, L; Lieng, M; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; von Loeben, J; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Luisier, J; Mac Raighne, A; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Magnin, J; Malde, S; Mamunur, R M D; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Mangiafave, N; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinez Santos, D; Massafferri, A; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Matveev, M; Maurice, E; Maynard, B; Mazurov, A; McGregor, G; McNulty, R; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Merkel, J; Messi, R; Miglioranzi, S; Milanes, D A; Minard, M-N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Musy, M; Mylroie-Smith, J; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Nedos, M; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Nikitin, N; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalorav Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Pal, K; Palacios, J; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Paterson, S K; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petrella, A; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pie Valls, B; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Plackett, R; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Rinnert, K; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodrigues, F; Rodriguez Perez, P; Rogers, G J; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Rosello, M; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruiz, H; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salzmann, C; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santinelli, R; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Savrina, D; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schleich, S; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M-H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, A C; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Sobczak, K; Soler, F J P; Solomin, A; Soomro, F; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Swientek, S; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tran, M T; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Urquijo, P; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Viaud, B; Videau, I; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Visniakov, J; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Voss, H; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Witzeling, W; Wotton, S A; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yushchenko, O; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhong, L; Zverev, E; Zvyagin, A

    2012-01-01

    A search for time-integrated $CP$ violation in $D^0 \\rightarrow h^-h^+$ ($h=K$, $\\pi$) decays is presented using 0.62~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by LHCb in 2011. The flavor of the charm meson is determined by the charge of the slow pion in the $D^{*+} \\rightarrow D^0 \\pi^+$ and $D^{*-} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^0 \\pi^-$ decay chains. The difference in $CP$ asymmetry between $D^0 \\rightarrow K^- K^+$ and $D^0 \\rightarrow \\pi^- \\pi^+$, $\\Delta A_{CP} \\equiv A_{CP}(K^-K^+) \\, - \\, A_{CP}(\\pi^-\\pi^+)$, is measured to be $\\left[ -0.82 \\pm 0.21 (\\mathrm{stat.}) \\pm 0.11 (\\mathrm{syst.}) \\right]\\%$. This differs from the hypothesis of $CP$ conservation by $3.5$ standard deviations.

  10. Proton cross-talk and losses in the dispersion suppressor regions at the FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2100784; Appleby, Robert Barrie; Krainer, Alexander; Langner, Andy Sven; Abelleira, Jose

    2017-01-01

    Protons that collide at the interaction points of the FCC-hh may contribute to the background in the subsequent detector. Due to the high luminosity of the proton beams this may be of concern. Using DPMJET-III to model 50 TeV proton-proton collisions, tracking studies have been performed with PTC and MERLIN in order to gauge the elastic and inelastic proton cross-talk. High arc losses, particularly in the dispersion suppressor regions, have been revealed. These losses originate mainly from particles with a momentum deviation, either from interaction with a primary collimator in the betatron cleaning insertion, or from the proton-proton collisions. This issue can be mitigated by introducing additional collimators in the dispersion suppressor region. The specific design, lattice integration, and the effect of these collimators on cross-talk is assessed.

  11. ATLAS searches for VH, HH, VV, V+$\\gamma$/$\\gamma\\gamma$ resonances

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00441490; The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The discovery of a Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider motivates searches for physics beyond the Standard Model in channels involving coupling to the Higgs boson. A search for massive resonances decaying into couples of bosons is described. The considered final states are: $HH$, $VH$, $VV$, $V\\gamma$ and $\\gamma\\gamma$ with $V$ indicating either the $W$ or the $Z$ boson. Final states with different number of leptons or photons and where, in many cases, at least one Higgs decays into a b-quark pair are studied using different jet reconstruction techniques which allow to optimize the signal acceptance for low or high Higgs boson transverse momentum. The most recent diboson resonance searches using LHC Run 2 data are described.

  12. Betatron-collimation Studies for Heavy Ions in the FCC-hh

    CERN Multimedia

    Logothetis Agaliotis, Efstathios

    2018-01-01

    One of the biggest challenges in the design of the FCC-hh is the collimation system. From LHC experience it is known that a collimation system optimized for proton cleaning has a significantly reduced efficiency for heavy ions. The study presented in this contribution evaluates the betatron-collimation efficiency for the heavy-ion operation with lead nuclei at a beam energy of 50 Z TeV in the system designed for proton operation. The fragmentation processes of the main beam particles in the primary collimator are simulated with FLUKA and fragments are individually tracked with SixTrack until being lost in the downstream aperture. In this way a first-impact loss-map is obtained, identifying locations where high energy deposition are to be expected. This provides a first-level assessment of feasibility and allows to include countermeasures in the conceptual accelerator design.

  13. Itinerant deaf educator and general educator perceptions of the D/HH push-in model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabinsky, Rebecca J

    2013-01-01

    A qualitative case study using the deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) push-in model was conducted on the perceptions of 3 itinerant deaf educators and 3 general educators working in 1 school district. Participants worked in pairs of 1 deaf educator and 1 general educator at 3 elementary schools. Open-ended research questions guided the study, which was concerned with teachers' perceptions of the model in general and with the model's advantages, disadvantages, and effectiveness. Data collected from observations, one-to-one interviews, and a focus group interview enabled the investigator to uncover 4 themes: Participants (a) had an overall positive experience, (b) viewed general education immersion as an advantage, (c) considered high noise levels a disadvantage, and (d) believed the effectiveness of the push-in model was dependent on several factors, in particular, the needs of the student and the nature of the general education classroom environment.

  14. Physics at the FCC-hh, a 100 TeV pp collider

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    A 100 TeV pp collider is under consideration, by the high-energy physics community, as an important step for the future development of our field, following the completion of the LHC and High-luminosity LHC physics programmes. In particular, CERN is considering 100 TeV pp collisions as the key target of a Future Circular Collider facility, built around a 100 km tunnel and designed to deliver pp, e+e- and ep collisions, in addition to a programme with heavy ion beams and with the injector complex. CERN is coordinating an international study tasked with the completion, by the end of 2018, of a Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for this facility. This document presents the first results of the assessment of the physics potential of the hadronic part of this research programme (FCC-hh).

  15. Spitzer spectral line mapping of the HH211 outflow

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dionatos, Odyssefs; Nisini, Brunella; Cabrit, Sylvie

    2010-01-01

    of emission line diagnostics and an existing grid of molecular shock models. The physical properties of the warm gas are compared against other molecular jet tracers and to the results of a similar study towards the L1448-C outflow. Results: We have detected and mapped the v=0-0 S(0) - S(7) H2 lines and fine...... compared to solar abundances by a factor ~10-50. Conclusions: Spitzer spectral mapping observations reveal for the first time a cool H$_2$ component towards the CO jet of HH211 consistent with the CO material being fully molecular and warm at ~ 300 K. The maps also reveal for the first time the existence...... uncertainties on jet speed and shock conditions are too large for a definite conclusion....

  16. Neutral competition of stem cells is skewed by proliferative changes downstream of Hh and Hpo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amoyel, Marc; Simons, Benjamin D; Bach, Erika A

    2014-10-16

    Neutral competition, an emerging feature of stem cell homeostasis, posits that individual stem cells can be lost and replaced by their neighbors stochastically, resulting in chance dominance of a clone at the niche. A single stem cell with an oncogenic mutation could bias this process and clonally spread the mutation throughout the stem cell pool. The Drosophila testis provides an ideal system for testing this model. The niche supports two stem cell populations that compete for niche occupancy. Here, we show that cyst stem cells (CySCs) conform to the paradigm of neutral competition and that clonal deregulation of either the Hedgehog (Hh) or Hippo (Hpo) pathway allows a single CySC to colonize the niche. We find that the driving force behind such behavior is accelerated proliferation. Our results demonstrate that a single stem cell colonizes its niche through oncogenic mutation by co-opting an underlying homeostatic process. © 2014 The Authors.

  17. Improved bow shock models for Herbig-Haro objects - application to HH 2A-prime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raymond, J.C.; Hartmann, L.; Hartigan, P.

    1988-01-01

    An improved version of the bow shock theory previously applied to Herbig-Haro objects is presented. The modifications provide a more accurate calculation of the ionization state of material entering the bow shock. The revised preionization does not drastically affect the emission-line predictions for a 200 km/s bow shock model, though the effects will be more severe for slower shock velocities. The line profiles of the new models resemble the observed profiles somewhat more closely, and the relative emission-line intensities typically differ by 30 percent from those predicted by the older models. The models agree well with new IUE spectra and existing optical data for HH 2A-prime. 32 references

  18. Performance assessment of the SIMFAP parallel cluster at IFIN-HH Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adam, Gh.; Adam, S.; Ayriyan, A.; Dushanov, E.; Hayryan, E.; Korenkov, V.; Lutsenko, A.; Mitsyn, V.; Sapozhnikova, T.; Sapozhnikov, A; Streltsova, O.; Buzatu, F.; Dulea, M.; Vasile, I.; Sima, A.; Visan, C.; Busa, J.; Pokorny, I.

    2008-01-01

    Performance assessment and case study outputs of the parallel SIMFAP cluster at IFIN-HH Bucharest point to its effective and reliable operation. A comparison with results on the supercomputing system in LIT-JINR Dubna adds insight on resource allocation for problem solving by parallel computing. The solution of models asking for very large numbers of knots in the discretization mesh needs the migration to high performance computing based on parallel cluster architectures. The acquisition of ready-to-use parallel computing facilities being beyond limited budgetary resources, the solution at IFIN-HH was to buy the hardware and the inter-processor network, and to implement by own efforts the open software concerning both the operating system and the parallel computing standard. The present paper provides a report demonstrating the successful solution of these tasks. The implementation of the well-known HPL (High Performance LINPACK) Benchmark points to the effective and reliable operation of the cluster. The comparison of HPL outputs obtained on parallel clusters of different magnitudes shows that there is an optimum range of the order N of the linear algebraic system over which a given parallel cluster provides optimum parallel solutions. For the SIMFAP cluster, this range can be inferred to correspond to about 1 to 2 x 10 4 linear algebraic equations. For an algorithm of polynomial complexity N α the task sharing among p processors within a parallel solution mainly follows an (N/p)α behaviour under peak performance achievement. Thus, while the problem complexity remains the same, a substantial decrease of the coefficient of the leading order of the polynomial complexity is achieved. (authors)

  19. Diagnostic value of progesterone receptor, p16, p53 and pHH3 expression in uterine atypical leiomyoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yun; Zhang, Xiaofei; Chen, Xiaoduan; Lü, Weiguo

    2015-01-01

    The differential diagnosis between atypical leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma may be hard based on morphological criterion at times. It would be helpful to find out biomarkers that can be used to distinguish them. The aim of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of progesterone receptor (PR), p16, p53 and pHH3 expression in a series of uterine smooth muscle tumors. Immunohistochemical expression of PR, p16, p53 and pHH3 was investigated on 32 atypical leiomyomas, 15 leiomyosarcomas and 15 usual leomyomas. The difference in expression was compared between atypical leiomyoma and other groups. The expression of PR, p16, and pHH3 was found significantly different between atypical leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas, but lack of significant difference between atypical leiomyomas and usual leiomyomas. There was no significant difference with regard to p53 distribution among these uterine smooth muscle tumors. High p16, pHH3 expression and low PR expression preferred the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. The panel of antibodies used in this study is a useful complementary analysis in the assessment of problematic uterine smooth muscle tumors.

  20. Sequential application of ligand and structure based modeling approaches to index chemicals for their hH4R antagonism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Pappalardo

    Full Text Available The human histamine H4 receptor (hH4R, a member of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR family, is an increasingly attractive drug target. It plays a key role in many cell pathways and many hH4R ligands are studied for the treatment of several inflammatory, allergic and autoimmune disorders, as well as for analgesic activity. Due to the challenging difficulties in the experimental elucidation of hH4R structure, virtual screening campaigns are normally run on homology based models. However, a wealth of information about the chemical properties of GPCR ligands has also accumulated over the last few years and an appropriate combination of these ligand-based knowledge with structure-based molecular modeling studies emerges as a promising strategy for computer-assisted drug design. Here, two chemoinformatics techniques, the Intelligent Learning Engine (ILE and Iterative Stochastic Elimination (ISE approach, were used to index chemicals for their hH4R bioactivity. An application of the prediction model on external test set composed of more than 160 hH4R antagonists picked from the chEMBL database gave enrichment factor of 16.4. A virtual high throughput screening on ZINC database was carried out, picking ∼ 4000 chemicals highly indexed as H4R antagonists' candidates. Next, a series of 3D models of hH4R were generated by molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulations performed in fully atomistic lipid membranes. The efficacy of the hH4R 3D models in discrimination between actives and non-actives were checked and the 3D model with the best performance was chosen for further docking studies performed on the focused library. The output of these docking studies was a consensus library of 11 highly active scored drug candidates. Our findings suggest that a sequential combination of ligand-based chemoinformatics approaches with structure-based ones has the potential to improve the success rate in discovering new biologically active GPCR drugs and

  1. Sequential application of ligand and structure based modeling approaches to index chemicals for their hH4R antagonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pappalardo, Matteo; Shachaf, Nir; Basile, Livia; Milardi, Danilo; Zeidan, Mouhammed; Raiyn, Jamal; Guccione, Salvatore; Rayan, Anwar

    2014-01-01

    The human histamine H4 receptor (hH4R), a member of the G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR) family, is an increasingly attractive drug target. It plays a key role in many cell pathways and many hH4R ligands are studied for the treatment of several inflammatory, allergic and autoimmune disorders, as well as for analgesic activity. Due to the challenging difficulties in the experimental elucidation of hH4R structure, virtual screening campaigns are normally run on homology based models. However, a wealth of information about the chemical properties of GPCR ligands has also accumulated over the last few years and an appropriate combination of these ligand-based knowledge with structure-based molecular modeling studies emerges as a promising strategy for computer-assisted drug design. Here, two chemoinformatics techniques, the Intelligent Learning Engine (ILE) and Iterative Stochastic Elimination (ISE) approach, were used to index chemicals for their hH4R bioactivity. An application of the prediction model on external test set composed of more than 160 hH4R antagonists picked from the chEMBL database gave enrichment factor of 16.4. A virtual high throughput screening on ZINC database was carried out, picking ∼ 4000 chemicals highly indexed as H4R antagonists' candidates. Next, a series of 3D models of hH4R were generated by molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulations performed in fully atomistic lipid membranes. The efficacy of the hH4R 3D models in discrimination between actives and non-actives were checked and the 3D model with the best performance was chosen for further docking studies performed on the focused library. The output of these docking studies was a consensus library of 11 highly active scored drug candidates. Our findings suggest that a sequential combination of ligand-based chemoinformatics approaches with structure-based ones has the potential to improve the success rate in discovering new biologically active GPCR drugs and increase the

  2. Efficient heterologous expression and secretion in Aspergillus oryzae of a llama variable heavy-chain antibody fragment V(HH) against EGFR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okazaki, Fumiyoshi; Aoki, Jun-ichi; Tabuchi, Soichiro; Tanaka, Tsutomu; Ogino, Chiaki; Kondo, Akihiko

    2012-10-01

    We have constructed a filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae that secretes a llama variable heavy-chain antibody fragment (V(HH)) that binds specifically to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in a culture medium. A major improvement in yield was achieved by fusing the V(HH) with a Taka-amylase A signal sequence (sTAA) and a segment of 28 amino acids from the N-terminal region of Rhizopus oryzae lipase (N28). The yields of secreted, immunologically active anti-EGFR V(HH) reached 73.8 mg/1 in a Sakaguchi flask. The V(HH) fragments were released from the sTAA or N28 proteins by an indigenous A. oryzae protease during cultivation. The purified recombinant V(HH) fragment was specifically recognized and could bind to the EGFR with a high affinity.

  3. CENTIMETER CONTINUUM OBSERVATIONS OF THE NORTHERN HEAD OF THE HH 80/81/80N JET: REVISING THE ACTUAL DIMENSIONS OF A PARSEC-SCALE JET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masque, Josep M.; Estalella, Robert [Departament d' Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain); Girart, Josep M. [Institut de Ciencies de l' Espai, (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5-parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain); Rodriguez, Luis F. [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); Beltran, Maria T. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)

    2012-10-10

    We present 6 and 20 cm Jansky Very Large Array/Very Large Array observations of the northern head of the HH 80/81/80N jet, one of the largest collimated jet systems known so far, aimed to look for knots farther than HH 80N, the northern head of the jet. Aligned with the jet and 10' northeast of HH 80N, we found a radio source not reported before, with a negative spectral index similar to that of HH 80, HH 81, and HH 80N. The fit of a precessing jet model to the knots of the HH 80/81/80N jet, including the new source, shows that the position of this source is close to the jet path resulting from the modeling. If the new source belongs to the HH 80/81/80N jet, its derived size and dynamical age are 18.4 pc and >9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} yr, respectively. If the jet is symmetric, its southern lobe would expand beyond the cloud edge resulting in an asymmetric appearance of the jet. Based on the updated dynamical age, we speculate on the possibility that the HH 80/81/80N jet triggered the star formation observed in a dense core found ahead of HH 80N, which shows signposts of interaction with the jet. These results indicate that parsec-scale radio jets can play a role in the stability of dense clumps and the regulation of star formation in the molecular cloud.

  4. New cosmic rays experiments in the underground laboratory of IFIN-HH from Slanic Prahova, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrica, Bogdan; Stanca, Denis; Brancus, Iliana; Margineanu, Romul; Blebea-Apostu, Ana-Maria; Gomoiu, Claudia; Saftoiu, Alexandra; Toma, Gabriel; Rebel, Heinigerd; Haungs, Andreas; Sima, Octavian; Gherghel-Lascu, Alexandru; Niculescu-Oglinzanu, Mihai

    2015-02-01

    Since 2006 a modern laboratory has been developed by IFIN-HH in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore. This work presents a short review of previous scientific activities performed in the underground laboratory, in parallel with some plans for the future. A mobile detector for cosmic muon flux measurements has been set up at IFIN-HH, Romania. The device is used to measure the muon flux on different locations at the surface and underground and it consists of two detection layers, each one including four large scintillator plates. A new rotatable detector for measurements of the directional variation of the muon flux has been designed and it is presently under preliminary tests. Built from four layers of sensitive material and using for collecting the signals and directing them to the micro PMTs a new technique, through optical fibers instead wave length shifters, it allows an easy discrimination of the moun flux on the arrival directions of muons. Combining the possibility to rotate and the directionality properties, the underground muon detector is acting like a muon tomography device, being able to scan, using cosmic muons, the rock material above the detector. In parallel new detection system based on SiPM will be also installed in the following weeks. It should be composed by four layers, each layer consisting in 4 scintillator plates what we consider in the following as a module of detection. For this purpose, first two scintillator layers, with the optical fibers positioned on perpendicular directions are put in coincidence with other two layers, 1 m distance from the first two, with similar optical fiber arrangement, thus allowing reconstructing muon trajectory. It is intended also to design and construct an experimental device for the investigation of such radio antennas and the behavior of the signal in rock salt at the Slanic salt mine in Romania. Another method to detect high energy neutrinos is based on the detection of secondary particles resulting

  5. New cosmic rays experiments in the underground laboratory of IFIN-HH from Slanic Prahova, Romania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitrica, Bogdan; Stanca, Denis; Brancus, Iliana; Margineanu, Romul; Blebea-Apostu, Ana-Maria; Gomoiu, Claudia; Saftoiu, Alexandra; Toma, Gabriel; Gherghel-Lascu, Alexandru; Niculescu-Oglinzanu, Mihai [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH, P.O.B. MG-6, Bucharest (Romania); Rebel, Heinigerd; Haungs, Andreas [Institute of Experimental Nuclear Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology-Campus North, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Sima, Octavian [Department of Physics, University of Bucharest, 077125 Magurele (Romania)

    2015-02-24

    Since 2006 a modern laboratory has been developed by IFIN-HH in the underground of Slanic Prahova salt ore. This work presents a short review of previous scientific activities performed in the underground laboratory, in parallel with some plans for the future. A mobile detector for cosmic muon flux measurements has been set up at IFIN-HH, Romania. The device is used to measure the muon flux on different locations at the surface and underground and it consists of two detection layers, each one including four large scintillator plates. A new rotatable detector for measurements of the directional variation of the muon flux has been designed and it is presently under preliminary tests. Built from four layers of sensitive material and using for collecting the signals and directing them to the micro PMTs a new technique, through optical fibers instead wave length shifters, it allows an easy discrimination of the moun flux on the arrival directions of muons. Combining the possibility to rotate and the directionality properties, the underground muon detector is acting like a muon tomography device, being able to scan, using cosmic muons, the rock material above the detector. In parallel new detection system based on SiPM will be also installed in the following weeks. It should be composed by four layers, each layer consisting in 4 scintillator plates what we consider in the following as a module of detection. For this purpose, first two scintillator layers, with the optical fibers positioned on perpendicular directions are put in coincidence with other two layers, 1 m distance from the first two, with similar optical fiber arrangement, thus allowing reconstructing muon trajectory. It is intended also to design and construct an experimental device for the investigation of such radio antennas and the behavior of the signal in rock salt at the Slanic salt mine in Romania. Another method to detect high energy neutrinos is based on the detection of secondary particles resulting

  6. MULTI-COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF POSITION-VELOCITY CUBES OF THE HH 34 JET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodríguez-González, A.; Esquivel, A.; Raga, A. C.; Cantó, J.; Curiel, S.; Riera, A.; Beck, T. L.

    2012-01-01

    We present an analysis of Hα spectra of the HH 34 jet with two-dimensional spectral resolution. We carry out multi-Gaussian fits to the spatially resolved line profiles and derive maps of the intensity, radial velocity, and velocity width of each of the components. We find that close to the outflow source we have three components: a high (negative) radial velocity component with a well-collimated, jet-like morphology; an intermediate velocity component with a broader morphology; and a positive radial velocity component with a non-collimated morphology and large linewidth. We suggest that this positive velocity component is associated with jet emission scattered in stationary dust present in the circumstellar environment. Farther away from the outflow source, we find only two components (a high, negative radial velocity component, which has a narrower spatial distribution than an intermediate velocity component). The fitting procedure was carried out with the new AGA-V1 code, which is available online and is described in detail in this paper.

  7. Design and performance of an electromagnetic calorimeter for a FCC-hh experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaborowska, A.

    2018-03-01

    The physics reach and feasibility of the Future Circular Collider are currently under investigation. The goal is to collide protons with centre-of-mass energies up to 100 TeV, extending the research carried out at the current HEP facilities. The detectors designed for the FCC experiments need to tackle harsh conditions of the unprecedented collision energy and luminosity. The baseline technology for the calorimeter system of the FCC-hh detector is described. The electromagnetic calorimeter in the barrel, as well as the electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters in the endcaps and the forward regions, are based on the liquid argon as active material. The detector layout in the barrel region combines the concept of a high granularity calorimeter with precise energy measurements. The calorimeters have to meet the requirements of high radiation hardness and must be able to deal with a very high number of collisions per bunch crossings (pile-up). A very good energy and angular resolution for a wide range of electrons' and photons' momentum is needed in order to meet the demands based on the physics benchmarks. First results of the performance studies with the new liquid argon calorimeter are presented, meeting the energy resolution goal.

  8. Vibrational inelastic and charge transfer processes in H++H2 system: An ab initio study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaran, Saieswari; Kumar, Sanjay

    2007-12-01

    State-resolved differential cross sections, total and integral cross sections, average vibrational energy transfer, and the relative probabilities are computed for the H++H2 system using the newly obtained ab initio potential energy surfaces at the full CI/cc-pVQZ level of accuracy which allow for both the direct vibrational inelastic and the charge transfer processes. The quantum dynamics is treated within the vibrational close-coupling infinite-order-sudden approximation approach using the two ab initio quasidiabatic potential energy surfaces. The computed collision attributes for both the processes are compared with the available state-to-state scattering experiments at Ec.m.=20eV. The results are in overall good agreement with most of the observed scattering features such as rainbow positions, integral cross sections, and relative vibrational energy transfers. A comparison with the earlier theoretical study carried out on the semiempirical surfaces (diatomics in molecules) is also made to illustrate the reliability of the potential energy surfaces used in the present work.

  9. RESOLVING THE CIRCUMSTELLAR DISK AROUND THE MASSIVE PROTOSTAR DRIVING THE HH 80-81 JET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carrasco-Gonzalez, Carlos [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie (MPIfR), Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Galvan-Madrid, Roberto [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Anglada, Guillem; Osorio, Mayra [Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Camino Bajo de Huetor 50, E-18008 Granada (Spain); D' Alessio, Paola; Rodriguez, Luis F. [Centro de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica UNAM, Apartado Postal 3-72 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico); Hofner, Peter [Physics Department, New Mexico Tech, 801 Leroy Pl., Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Linz, Hendrik [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie (MPIA), Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Araya, Esteban D., E-mail: carrasco@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de [Physics Department, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455 (United States)

    2012-06-20

    We present new high angular resolution observations toward the driving source of the HH 80-81 jet (IRAS 18162-2048). Continuum emission was observed with the Very Large Array at 7 mm and 1.3 cm, and with the Submillimeter Array at 860 {mu}m, with angular resolutions of {approx}0.''1 and {approx}0.''8, respectively. Submillimeter observations of the sulfur oxide (SO) molecule are reported as well. At 1.3 cm the emission traces the well-known radio jet, while at 7 mm the continuum morphology is quadrupolar and seems to be produced by a combination of free-free and dust emission. An elongated structure perpendicular to the jet remains in the 7 mm image after subtraction of the free-free contribution. This structure is interpreted as a compact accretion disk of {approx}200 AU radius. Our interpretation is favored by the presence of rotation in our SO observations observed at larger scales. The observations presented here add to the small list of cases where the hundred-AU scale emission from a circumstellar disk around a massive protostar has been resolved.

  10. A new ion beam facility based on a 3 MV Tandetron™ at IFIN-HH, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burducea, I.; Straticiuc, M.; Ghiță, D. G.; Moșu, D. V.; Călinescu, C. I.; Podaru, N. C.; Mous, D. J. W.; Ursu, I.; Zamfir, N. V.

    2015-09-01

    A 3 MV Tandetron™ accelerator system has been installed and commissioned at the "Horia Hulubei" National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN-HH, Măgurele, Romania. The main purpose of this machine is to strengthen applied nuclear physics research ongoing in our institute for more than four decades. The accelerator system was developed by High Voltage Engineering Europa B.V. (HVE) and comprises three high energy beam lines. The first beam line is dedicated to ion beam analysis (IBA) techniques: Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry - RBS, Nuclear Reaction Analysis - NRA, Particle Induced X-ray and γ-ray Emission - PIXE and PIGE and micro-beam experiments - μ-PIXE. The second beam line is dedicated to high energy ion implantation experiments and the third beam line was designed mainly for nuclear cross-sections measurements used in nuclear astrophysics. A unique feature, the first time in operation at an accelerator facility is the Na charge exchange canal (CEC), which is used to obtain high intensity beams of He- of at least 3 μA. The results of the acceptance tests demonstrate the huge potential of this new facility in various fields, from IBA to radiation hardness studies and from medical or environmental applications to astrophysics. The main features of the accelerator are presented in this paper.

  11. Speciation in the aqueous H+/H2VO4-/H2O2/citrate system of biomedical interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorzsás, András; Getty, Kendra; Andersson, Ingegärd; Pettersson, Lage

    2004-09-21

    The speciation in the quaternary aqueous H+/H2VO4-/H2O2/citrate (Cit3-) and H+/H2VO4-/Cit3-/L-(+)-lactate (Lac-) systems has been determined at 25 degrees C in the physiological medium of 0.150 M Na(Cl). A combination of 51V NMR integral intensities and chemical shift (Bruker AMX500) as well as potentiometric data (glass electrode) have been collected and evaluated with the computer program LAKE, which is able to treat multimethod data simultaneously. The pKa-values for citric acid have been determined as 2.94, 4.34 and 5.61. Altogether six vanadate-citrate species have been found in the ternary H+/H2VO4-/Cit3- system in the pH region 2-10, only two of which are mononuclear. Reduction of vanadium(V) becomes more pronounced at pH acidic solutions limited the final model to pH > 4. In the quaternary H+/H2VO4-/Cit3-/Lac- system, two mixed-ligand species have been determined, with the compositions V2CitLac2- and V2CitLac3- (pKa = 5.0). To our knowledge, this is the first time such complexes have been reported for vanadium(V). 51V NMR chemical shifts, compositions and formation constants are given, and equilibrium conditions are illustrated in distribution diagrams as well as the fit of the model to the experimental data. When suitable, structural proposals are given, based on 13C NMR measurements and available literature data of related compounds.

  12. Structure-guided mutational analysis of the OB, HhH, and BRCT domains of Escherichia coli DNA ligase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li Kai; Nair, Pravin A; Shuman, Stewart

    2008-08-22

    NAD(+)-dependent DNA ligases (LigAs) are ubiquitous in bacteria and essential for growth. LigA enzymes have a modular structure in which a central catalytic core composed of nucleotidyltransferase and oligonucleotide-binding (OB) domains is linked via a tetracysteine zinc finger to distal helix-hairpin-helix (HhH) and BRCT (BRCA1-like C-terminal) domains. The OB and HhH domains contribute prominently to the protein clamp formed by LigA around nicked duplex DNA. Here we conducted a structure-function analysis of the OB and HhH domains of Escherichia coli LigA by alanine scanning and conservative substitutions, entailing 43 mutations at 22 amino acids. We thereby identified essential functional groups in the OB domain that engage the DNA phosphodiester backbone flanking the nick (Arg(333)); penetrate the minor grove and distort the nick (Val(383) and Ile(384)); or stabilize the OB fold (Arg(379)). The essential constituents of the HhH domain include: four glycines (Gly(455), Gly(489), Gly(521), Gly(553)), which bind the phosphate backbone across the minor groove at the outer margins of the LigA-DNA interface; Arg(487), which penetrates the minor groove at the outer margin on the 3 (R)-OH side of the nick; and Arg(446), which promotes protein clamp formation via contacts to the nucleotidyltransferase domain. We find that the BRCT domain is required in its entirety for effective nick sealing and AMP-dependent supercoil relaxation.

  13. INTERFEROMETRIC OBSERVATIONS OF NITROGEN-BEARING MOLECULAR SPECIES IN THE STAR-FORMING CORE AHEAD OF HH 80N

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Masqué, Josep M.; Estalella, Robert [Departament d' Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Catalunya (Spain); Girart, Josep M. [Institut de Ciències de l' Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5 - parell 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya (Spain); Anglada, Guillem; Osorio, Mayra [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Camino Bajo de Huétor 50, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Beltrán, Maria T. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze (Italy)

    2013-10-10

    We present Very Large Array NH{sub 3} and Plateau de Bure Interferometer NH{sub 2}D and HN{sup 13}C observations of the star-forming core ahead of HH 80N, the optically obscured northern counterpart of the Herbig-Haro objects HH 80/81. The main goal is to determine the kinematical information of the high density regions of the core (n ∼> 10{sup 5} cm{sup –3}) missed in previous works due to the depletion of the species observed (e.g., CS). The obtained maps show different kinematical signatures between the eastern and western parts of the core, suggesting a possible dynamical interaction of the core with the HH 80/81/80N outflow. The analysis of the position-velocity (P-V) plots of these species rules out a previous interpretation of having a molecular ring-like structure with a radius of 6 × 10{sup 4} AU traced by CS infalling onto a central protostar found in the core (IRS1). A high degree of NH{sub 3} deuteration, with respect to the central part of the core harboring IRS1, is derived in the eastern part, where a dust condensation (SE) is located. This deuteration trend of NH{sub 3} suggests that SE is in a pre-stellar evolutionary stage, earlier than that of IRS1. Since SE is the closest condensation to the HH 80N/81/80N outflow, in a case of outflow-core dynamical interaction, it should be perturbed first and be the most evolved condensation in the core. Therefore, the derived evolutionary sequence for SE and IRS1 makes outflow triggered star formation on IRS1 unlikely.

  14. Design of an Automated System for Synthesis of [18 F] FDG for PET Investigation at IFIN-HH Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Craciun, Liviu Stefan; Cimpeanu, Catalina; Constantinescu, Olimpiu; Dudu, Dorin; Ionescu, Cristina; Negoita, Nicolae; Racolta, Petru Mihai; Rusen, Ion

    2009-01-01

    A novel apparatus constructed at IFIN-HH is described for automated synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals labeled with 18 F for use in positron emission tomography (PET) investigations. [18 F] fluoride was produced at the IFIN-HH cyclotron by irradiation of H 2 O enriched 97% in 18 O with 13 MeV deuterons, or 8 MeV protons. The irradiated H 2 O was transferred (injected) into the radiochemical fully-automated processing systems which ensured the separation of 18 F from H 2 O, the labeling with 18 F, and finally purified by filtration with selective absorbants. The system is easy to operate and contains a programmable logical controller that manages the entire operation program stored in its internal memory. The computer is used to assist the operator during the different steps of synthesis and to allow visualization of the process and printing the report. The device was used for used for the production of 2-[18 F] FLUORO-2-DEOXY-D-GLUCOSE at the IFIN-HH cyclotron, one of the most used radiopharmaceutical in PET investigations. The synthesis module is configured so that is flexible enough to accomplish other nucleophile reactions of labeling with short lived radioisotopes.

  15. Design of an Automated System for Synthesis of [18 F] FDG for PET Investigation at IFIN-HH Bucharest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craciun, Liviu Stefan; Cimpeanu, Catalina; Constantinescu, Olimpiu; Dudu, Dorin; Ionescu, Cristina; Negoita, Nicolae; Racolta, Petru Mihai; Rusen, Ion

    2009-03-01

    A novel apparatus constructed at IFIN-HH is described for automated synthesis of radiopharmaceuticals labeled with 18F for use in positron emission tomography (PET) investigations. [18 F] fluoride was produced at the IFIN-HH cyclotron by irradiation of H2O enriched 97% in 18O with 13 MeV deuterons, or 8 MeV protons. The irradiated H2O was transferred (injected) into the radiochemical fully-automated processing systems which ensured the separation of 18F from H2O, the labeling with 18F, and finally purified by filtration with selective absorbants. The system is easy to operate and contains a programmable logical controller that manages the entire operation program stored in its internal memory. The computer is used to assist the operator during the different steps of synthesis and to allow visualization of the process and printing the report. The device was used for used for the production of 2-[18 F] FLUORO-2-DEOXY-D-GLUCOSE at the IFIN-HH cyclotron, one of the most used radiopharmaceutical in PET investigations. The synthesis module is configured so that is flexible enough to accomplish other nucleophile reactions of labeling with short lived radioisotopes.

  16. Formation and Atmosphere of Complex Organic Molecules of the HH 212 Protostellar Disk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chin-Fei; Ho, Paul T. P.; Hirano, Naomi; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Li, Zhi-Yun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States); Zhang, Qizhou, E-mail: cflee@asiaa.sinica.edu.tw [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2017-07-01

    HH 212 is a nearby (400 pc) Class 0 protostellar system recently found to host a “hamburger”-shaped dusty disk with a radius of ∼60 au, deeply embedded in an infalling-rotating flattened envelope. We have spatially resolved this envelope-disk system with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array at up to ∼16 au (0.″04) resolution. The envelope is detected in HCO{sup +} J = 4–3 down to the dusty disk. Complex organic molecules (COMs) and doubly deuterated formaldehyde (D{sub 2}CO) are detected above and below the dusty disk within ∼40 au of the central protostar. The COMs are methanol (CH{sub 3}OH), deuterated methanol (CH{sub 2}DOH), methyl mercaptan (CH{sub 3}SH), and formamide (NH{sub 2}CHO, a prebiotic precursor). We have modeled the gas kinematics in HCO{sup +} and COMs and found a centrifugal barrier (CB) at a radius of ∼44 au, within which a Keplerian rotating disk is formed. This indicates that HCO{sup +} traces the infalling-rotating envelope down to the CB and COMs trace the atmosphere of a Keplerian rotating disk within the CB. The COMs are spatially resolved for the first time, both radially and vertically, in the atmosphere of a disk in the earliest, Class 0 phase of star formation. Our spatially resolved observations of COMs favor their formation in the disk rather than a rapidly infalling (warm) inner envelope. The abundances and spatial distributions of the COMs provide strong constraints on models of their formation and transport in low-mass star formation.

  17. A dedicated beam line for Rutherford backscattering analysis at IFIN-HH cyclotron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanov, E. A.; Dudu, D.; Plostinaru, D.; Catana, D.; Vata, I.

    2003-01-01

    Rutherford back-scattering technique (RBS) is an analytical tool that uses elastic scattering of 1-5 MeV charged particles for analysis of the surface and the outer few micrometers of solids. IFIN-HH RBS system consists of the U-120 Cyclotron, a dedicated beam line and a scattering chamber with sample manipulators and particle detectors. In our RBS system the samples are bombarded with 2-5 alpha particles accelerated by U-120 Cyclotron (in 3-rd subharmonic regime) while the scattered particles are detected by a surface barrier detector. The signal from the detector is processed by common nuclear electronics and the particle energy spectra are stored in a computer based multichannel analyser. The data evaluation is accomplished using standard procedures and computer codes. The necessary vacuum inside chamber is obtained with an oil-free turbo pump. The beam spot dimension on the target is 1x1 mm. The standard measurement are done at Θ = 165 angle. The samples are electrically insulated and can be rotated around a vertical axis. The advantage of the RBS technique lies in the quantitative analysis of major and minor constituents lying in the first 0.5 to 2.0 micrometers of a material. Depending on the sample structure and composition, the detection limits vary from 10 11 to 10 15 at. cm -2 for heavy and light elements, respectively. The depth distribution of constituents can be reconstructed with a depth resolution of 10-20 nm. The RBS technique is non-destructive since the erosion and the radiation degradation of the sample material by the particle impact is negligible. The most extensive use of the RBS technique is in the field of electronic and optical materials, special coatings and in the study of various physico-chemical processes on the solid surfaces. (authors)

  18. Status and Perspectives for a Slow Positron Beam Facility at the HH-NIPNE Bucharest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straticiuc, Mihai; Craciun, Liviu Stefan; Constantinescu, Olimpiu; Ghita, Ionica Alina; Ionescu, Cristina; Racolta, Petru Mihai; Vasilescu, Angela; Braic, Viorel; Zoita, Catalin; Kiss, Adrian; Bojin, Dionezie

    2009-03-01

    The development of a positron annihilation spectroscopy laboratory at the HH-NIPNE Bucharest-to be used for material studies and applications was started in the last 10 years. In the framework of a national research project extended over the last 3 years, was designed a low energy positron accelerator, as a high-vacuum dedicated beam line with two options: a 25 mCi 22NaCl source and in line with the NIPNE-cyclotron or a new intense compact cyclotron. The construction of the beam line was planned as a sequence of modules: source- moderator system; magnetical filter for fast positrons in order to select the positrons energies in the range 0.8-1 keV; a modular system for focusing, transport and acceleration of monoenergetic positrons in the energy range 0.8-50 keV and a CDBS analysis chamber. The moderator proposed-is tungsten as a foil of about 3 μm prepared at the Optoelectronics Institute were put into a thermal treatment vacuum chamber and bombarded with electrons from a 100 W electron gun After the treatment, they were tested for changes of elemental composition of the surface and structure at the Polytechnic University. The structure tests were performed on a DRON 3 M diffractometer, with a Co tube (λKα = 1.7903 A)-the angular regions studied were around 34° (1 0 0) and 69° (2 0 0). In the present time, the trajectories of the positron are going to be simulated with dedicated software (an ion and electron optics simulator). For the coincidence measurements (CDBS) set-up we used a home-made 22NaCl source, by separation without carrier from a metallic Mg target irradiated with 12 MeV protons and separated by columnar cation exchange. A home- made biparametric system for CDBS measurements will be reported, also.

  19. Adapting National Water Model Forecast Data to Local Hyper-Resolution H&H Models During Hurricane Irma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhofen, P.

    2017-12-01

    The National Water Model (NWM) is a remarkable undertaking. The foundation of the NWM is a 1 square kilometer grid which is used for near real-time modeling and flood forecasting of most rivers and streams in the contiguous United States. However, the NWM falls short in highly urbanized areas with complex drainage infrastructure. To overcome these shortcomings, the presenter proposes to leverage existing local hyper-resolution H&H models and adapt the NWM forcing data to them. Gridded near real-time rainfall, short range forecasts (18-hour) and medium range forecasts (10-day) during Hurricane Irma are applied to numerous detailed H&H models in highly urbanized areas of the State of Florida. Coastal and inland models are evaluated. Comparisons of near real-time rainfall data are made with observed gaged data and the ability to predict flooding in advance based on forecast data is evaluated. Preliminary findings indicate that the near real-time rainfall data is consistently and significantly lower than observed data. The forecast data is more promising. For example, the medium range forecast data provides 2 - 3 days advanced notice of peak flood conditions to a reasonable level of accuracy in most cases relative to both timing and magnitude. Short range forecast data provides about 12 - 14 hours advanced notice. Since these are hyper-resolution models, flood forecasts can be made at the street level, providing emergency response teams with valuable information for coordinating and dispatching limited resources.

  20. 4D display of the outflow track of embryonic-chick hearts (HH 14-19) using a high speed streak mode OCT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Siyu; Wang, Rui; Goodwin, Richard L.; Markwald, Roger R.; Borg, Thomas K.; Runyan, Raymond B.; Gao, Zhi

    2013-02-01

    Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common congenital malformation in newborns in the US. Although knowledge of CHD is limited, altered hemodynamic conditions are suspected as the factor that stimulates cardiovascular cell response, resulting in the heart morphology remodeling that ultimately causes CHDs. Therefore, one of recent efforts in CHD study is to develop high-speed imaging tools to correlate the rapidly changing hemodynamic condition and the morphological adaptations of an embryonic heart in vivo. We have developed a high-speed streak mode OCT that works at the center wavelength of 830 nm and is capable of providing images (292x220 μm2) of the outflow tract of an embryonic chick heart at the rate of 1000 Hz. The modality can provide a voxel resolution in the range of 10 μm3, and the spectral resolution allows a depth range of 1.63 mm. In the study reported here, each of the 4D images of an outflow tract was recorded for 2 seconds. The recording was conducted every 2 hours (HH17 to HH18), 3 hours (HH14 to HH17), and 4 hours (HH18 to HH19). Because of the fast scan speed, there is no need for postacquisition processing such as use of gating techniques to provide a fine 3D structure. In addition, more details of the outflow tract are preserved in the recorded images. The 4D images can be used in the future to determine the role of blood flow in CHD development.

  1. Search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number-violating τ→ℓhh{sup ′} decay modes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyazaki, Y. [Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Hayasaka, K., E-mail: hayasaka@hepl.phys.nagoya-u.ac.jp [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute, Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Adachi, I. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba (Japan); Aihara, H. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Asner, D.M. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Aulchenko, V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS and Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Aushev, T. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Bakich, A.M. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Bay, A. [École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland); Bhardwaj, V. [Nara Women' s University, Nara (Japan); Bhuyan, B. [Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati (India); Bischofberger, M. [Nara Women' s University, Nara (Japan); Bozek, A. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland); Bračko, M. [University of Maribor, Maribor (Slovenia); J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Browder, T.E. [University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Chang, M.-C. [Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chen, A. [National Central University, Chung-li, Taiwan (China); Chen, P. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Cheon, B.G. [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Chistov, R. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); and others

    2013-02-26

    We search for lepton-flavor and lepton-number-violating τ decays into a lepton (ℓ= electron or muon) and two charged mesons (h,h{sup ′}=π{sup ±} or K{sup ±}) using 854 fb{sup −1} of data collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup −} collider. We obtain 90% confidence level upper limits on the τ→ℓhh{sup ′} branching fractions in the range (2.0–8.4)×10{sup −8}. These results improve upon our previously published upper limits by factors of about 1.8 on average.

  2. A ROTATING MOLECULAR DISK TOWARD IRAS 18162-2048, THE EXCITING SOURCE OF HH 80-81

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fernandez-Lopez, M.; Curiel, S.; Girart, J. M.; Gomez, Y.; Ho, P. T. P.; Patel, N.

    2011-01-01

    We present several molecular line emission arcsecond and subarcsecond observations obtained with the Submillimeter Array in the direction of the massive protostar IRAS 18162-2048, the exciting source of HH 80-81. The data clearly indicate the presence of a compact (radius ∼425-850 AU) SO 2 structure, enveloping the more compact (radius ∼ sun . The SO 2 spectral line data also allow us to constrain the structure temperature between 120 and 160 K and the volume density ∼> 2 x 10 9 cm -3 . We also find that such a rotating flattened system could be unstable due to gravitational disturbances. The data from C 17 O line emission show a dense core within this star-forming region. Additionally, the H 2 CO and SO emissions appear clumpy and trace the disk-like structure, a possible interaction between a molecular core and the outflows, and in part, the cavity walls excavated by the thermal radio jet.

  3. Cellulose-dependent expression and antibacterial characteristics of surfactin from Bacillus subtilis HH2 isolated from the giant panda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Zhijun; Su, Huaiyi; Li, Jin; Li, Haozhou; Feng, Fan; Lan, Jingchao; Zhang, Zhihe; Fu, Hualin; Hu, Yanchun; Cao, Suizhong; Chen, Weigang; Deng, Jiabo; Yu, Jianqiu; Zhang, Wenping

    2018-01-01

    Surfactin secreted by Bacillus subtilis can confer strong, diverse antipathogenic effects, thereby benefitting the host. Carbon source is an important factor for surfactin production. However, the mechanism that bacteria utilize cellulose, the most abundant substance in the intestines of herbivores, to produce surfactin remains unclear. Here, we used B. subtilis HH2, isolated from the feces of a giant panda, as a model to determine changes in surfactin expression in the presence of different concentrations of cellulose by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and high-performance liquid chromatography. We further investigated the antimicrobial effects of surfactin against three common intestinal pathogens (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella enterica) and its resistance to high temperature (60–121°C), pH (1–12), trypsin (100–300 μg/mL, pH 8), and pepsin (100–300 μg/mL, pH 2). The results showed that the surfactin expressed lowest in bacteria cultured in the presence of 1% glucose medium as the carbon source, whereas increased in an appropriate cellulose concentration (0.67% glucose and 0.33% cellulose). The surfactin could inhibit E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus, but did not affect efficiently for Salmonella enterica. The antibacterial ability of surfactin did not differ according to temperature (60–100°C), pH (2–11), trypsin (100–300 μg/mL), and pepsin (100–300 μg/mL; P > 0.05), but decreased significantly at extreme environments (121°C, pH 1 or 12; P < 0.05) compared with that in the control group (37°C, pH = 7, without any protease). In conclusion, our findings indicated that B. subtilis HH2 could increase surfactin expression in an appropriate cellulose environment and thus provide benefits to improve the intestinal health of herbivores. PMID:29385201

  4. Cellulose-dependent expression and antibacterial characteristics of surfactin from Bacillus subtilis HH2 isolated from the giant panda.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziyao Zhou

    Full Text Available Surfactin secreted by Bacillus subtilis can confer strong, diverse antipathogenic effects, thereby benefitting the host. Carbon source is an important factor for surfactin production. However, the mechanism that bacteria utilize cellulose, the most abundant substance in the intestines of herbivores, to produce surfactin remains unclear. Here, we used B. subtilis HH2, isolated from the feces of a giant panda, as a model to determine changes in surfactin expression in the presence of different concentrations of cellulose by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and high-performance liquid chromatography. We further investigated the antimicrobial effects of surfactin against three common intestinal pathogens (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella enterica and its resistance to high temperature (60-121°C, pH (1-12, trypsin (100-300 μg/mL, pH 8, and pepsin (100-300 μg/mL, pH 2. The results showed that the surfactin expressed lowest in bacteria cultured in the presence of 1% glucose medium as the carbon source, whereas increased in an appropriate cellulose concentration (0.67% glucose and 0.33% cellulose. The surfactin could inhibit E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus, but did not affect efficiently for Salmonella enterica. The antibacterial ability of surfactin did not differ according to temperature (60-100°C, pH (2-11, trypsin (100-300 μg/mL, and pepsin (100-300 μg/mL; P > 0.05, but decreased significantly at extreme environments (121°C, pH 1 or 12; P < 0.05 compared with that in the control group (37°C, pH = 7, without any protease. In conclusion, our findings indicated that B. subtilis HH2 could increase surfactin expression in an appropriate cellulose environment and thus provide benefits to improve the intestinal health of herbivores.

  5. Resonant Higgs boson pair production in the $hh\\rightarrow b\\bar{b} \\; WW \\rightarrow b\\bar{b} \\ell^+ \

    CERN Document Server

    Martín Lozano, Víctor; Park, Chan Beom

    2015-01-01

    Adding a scalar singlet provides one of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model. In this work we briefly review the latest constraints on the mass and mixing of the new Higgs boson and study its production and decay at the LHC. We mainly focus on double Higgs production in the $hh \\rightarrow b \\bar{b} WW \\rightarrow b \\bar{b} \\ell^+ \

  6. Production of bifunctional proteins by Aspergillus awamori: Llama variable heavy chain antibody fragment (V-HH) R9 coupled to Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase (ARP)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joosten, V.; Roelofs, M.S.; Dries, van den N.; Goosen, T.; Verrips, C.T.; Hondel, van den C.A.M.J.J.; Lokman, B.C.

    2005-01-01

    The Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase gene (arp) was genetically fused to either the 5'- or 3'-terminal ends of the gene encoding llama variable heavy chain antibody fragment V-HH R9, resulting in the fusion expression cassettes ARP-R9 or R9-ARP. Aspergillus awamori transformants were obtained which

  7. A 100 au Wide Bipolar Rotating Shell Emanating from the HH 212 Protostellar Disk: A Disk Wind?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chin-Fei; Li, Zhi-Yun; Codella, Claudio; Ho, Paul T. P.; Podio, Linda; Hirano, Naomi; Shang, Hsien; Turner, Neal J.; Zhang, Qizhou

    2018-03-01

    HH 212 is a Class 0 protostellar system found to host a “hamburger”-shaped dusty disk with a rotating disk atmosphere and a collimated SiO jet at a distance of ∼400 pc. Recently, a compact rotating outflow has been detected in SO and SO2 toward the center along the jet axis at ∼52 au (0.″13) resolution. Here we resolve the compact outflow into a small-scale wide-opening rotating outflow shell and a collimated jet, with the observations in the same S-bearing molecules at ∼16 au (0.″04) resolution. The collimated jet is aligned with the SiO jet, tracing the shock interactions in the jet. The wide-opening outflow shell is seen extending out from the inner disk around the SiO jet and has a width of ∼100 au. It is not only expanding away from the center, but also rotating around the jet axis. The specific angular momentum of the outflow shell is ∼40 au km s‑1. Simple modeling of the observed kinematics suggests that the rotating outflow shell can trace either a disk wind or disk material pushed away by an unseen wind from the inner disk or protostar. We also resolve the disk atmosphere in the same S-bearing molecules, confirming the Keplerian rotation there.

  8. Assessment of Snow Status Changes Using L-HH Temporal-Coherence Components at Mt. Dagu, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Wang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Multitemporal Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR horizontally transmitted and horizontally received (HH coherence data was decomposed into temporal-coherence, spatial-coherence, and thermal noise components. The multitemporal data spanned between February and May of 2008, and consisted of two pairs of interferometric SAR (InSAR images formed by consecutive repeat passes. With the analysis of ancillary data, a snow increase process and a snow decrease process were determined. Then, the multiple temporal-coherence components were used to study the variation of thawing and freezing statuses of snow because the components can mostly reflect the temporal change of the snow that occurred between two data acquisitions. Compared with snow mapping results derived from optical images, the outcomes from the snow increase process and the snow decrease process reached an overall accuracy of 71.3% and 79.5%, respectively. Being capable of delineating not only the areas with or without snow cover but also status changes among no-snow, wet snow, and dry snow, we have developed a critical means to assess the water resource in alpine areas.

  9. Two Component Decomposition of Dual Polarimetric HH/VV SAR Data: Case Study for the Tundra Environment of the Mackenzie Delta Region, Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Ullmann

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates a two component decomposition technique for HH/VV-polarized PolSAR (Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar data. The approach is a straight forward adaption of the Yamaguchi decomposition and decomposes the data into two scattering contributions: surface and double bounce under the assumption of a negligible vegetation scattering component in Tundra environments. The dependencies between the features of this two and the classical three component Yamaguchi decomposition were investigated for Radarsat-2 (quad and TerraSAR-X (HH/VV data for the Mackenzie Delta Region, Canada. In situ data on land cover were used to derive the scattering characteristics and to analyze the correlation among the PolSAR features. The double bounce and surface scattering features of the two and three component scattering model (derived from pseudo-HH/VV- and quad-polarized data showed similar scattering characteristics and positively correlated-R2 values of 0.60 (double bounce and 0.88 (surface scattering were observed. The presence of volume scattering led to differences between the features and these were minimized for land cover classes of low vegetation height that showed little volume scattering contribution. In terms of separability, the quad-polarized Radarsat-2 data offered the best separation of the examined tundra land cover types and will be best suited for the classification. This is anticipated as it represents the largest feature space of all tested ones. However; the classes “wetland” and “bare ground” showed clear positions in the feature spaces of the C- and X-Band HH/VV-polarized data and an accurate classification of these land cover types is promising. Among the possible dual-polarization modes of Radarsat-2 the HH/VV was found to be the favorable mode for the characterization of the aforementioned tundra land cover classes due to the coherent acquisition and the preserved co-pol. phase. Contrary, HH/HV-polarized and VV

  10. Determination of trace elements in the human hair reference material, HH-I, by neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrophotometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coetzee, P.; Pieterse, H.

    1986-01-01

    Analytical procedures are presented and problem areas identified with regard to the determination of trace elements in IAEA powdered human hair reference material, HH-I, of limited sample size (100-200 mg), by NAA and graphite furnace AAS. Results obtained for the twelve elements As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Sb, Se, and Zn studied in human hair and other biological reference material like orchard leaves, seaplant material, and copepod compare satisfactorily with the certified values

  11. Revisit the landscape of protonated water clusters H+(H2O)n with n = 10-17: An ab initio global search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Ruili; Li, Keyao; Su, Yan; Tang, Lingli; Huang, Xiaoming; Sai, Linwei; Zhao, Jijun

    2018-05-01

    Using a genetic algorithm incorporated with density functional theory, we explore the ground state structures of protonated water clusters H+(H2O)n with n = 10-17. Then we re-optimize the isomers at B97-D/aug-cc-pVDZ level of theory. The extra proton connects with a H2O molecule to form a H3O+ ion in all H+(H2O)10-17 clusters. The lowest-energy structures adopt a monocage form at n = 10-16 and core-shell structure at n = 17 based on the MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ//B97-D/aug-cc-pVDZ+ZPE single-point-energy calculation. Using second-order vibrational perturbation theory, we further calculate the infrared spectra with anharmonic correction for the ground state structures of H+(H2O)10-17 clusters at the PBE0/aug-cc-pVDZ level. The anharmonic correction to the spectra is crucial since it reproduces the experimental results quite well. The extra proton weakens the O-H bond strength in the H3O+ ion since the Wiberg bond order of the O-H bond in the H3O+ ion is smaller than that in H2O molecules, which causes a red shift of the O-H stretching mode in the H3O+ ion.

  12. Resolving the Polarized Dust Emission of the Disk around the Massive Star Powering the HH 80–81 Radio Jet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girart, J. M.; Fernández-López, M.; Li, Z.-Y.; Yang, H.; Estalella, R.; Anglada, G.; Áñez-López, N.; Busquet, G.; Carrasco-González, C.; Curiel, S.; Galvan-Madrid, R.; Gómez, J. F.; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I.; Jiménez-Serra, I.; Krasnopolsky, R.; Martí, J.; Osorio, M.; Padovani, M.; Rao, R.; Rodríguez, L. F.; Torrelles, J. M.

    2018-04-01

    Here we present deep (16 μJy beam‑1), very high (40 mas) angular resolution 1.14 mm, polarimetric, Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations toward the massive protostar driving the HH 80–81 radio jet. The observations clearly resolve the disk oriented perpendicularly to the radio jet, with a radius of ≃0.″171 (∼291 au at 1.7 kpc distance). The continuum brightness temperature, the intensity profile, and the polarization properties clearly indicate that the disk is optically thick for a radius of R ≲ 170 au. The linear polarization of the dust emission is detected almost all along the disk, and its properties suggest that dust polarization is produced mainly by self-scattering. However, the polarization pattern presents a clear differentiation between the inner (optically thick) part of the disk and the outer (optically thin) region of the disk, with a sharp transition that occurs at a radius of ∼0.″1 (∼170 au). The polarization characteristics of the inner disk suggest that dust settling has not occurred yet with a maximum dust grain size between 50 and 500 μm. The outer part of the disk has a clear azimuthal pattern but with a significantly higher polarization fraction compared to the inner disk. This pattern is broadly consistent with the self-scattering of a radiation field that is beamed radially outward, as expected in the optically thin outer region, although contribution from non-spherical grains aligned with respect to the radiative flux cannot be excluded.

  13. Clinicians' perceptions of usefulness of the PubMed4Hh mobile device application for clinical decision making at the point of care: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gartrell, Kyungsook; Brennan, Caitlin W; Wallen, Gwenyth R; Liu, Fang; Smith, Karen G; Fontelo, Paul

    2018-05-08

    Although evidence-based practice in healthcare has been facilitated by Internet access through wireless mobile devices, research on the effectiveness of clinical decision support for clinicians at the point of care is lacking. This study examined how evidence as abstracts and the bottom-line summaries, accessed with PubMed4Hh mobile devices, affected clinicians' decision making at the point of care. Three iterative steps were taken to evaluate the usefulness of PubMed4Hh tools at the NIH Clinical Center. First, feasibility testing was conducted using data collected from a librarian. Next, usability testing was carried out by a postdoctoral research fellow shadowing clinicians during rounds for one month in the inpatient setting. Then, a pilot study was conducted from February, 2016 to January, 2017, with clinicians using a mobile version of PubMed4Hh. Invitations were sent via e-mail lists to clinicians (physicians, physician assistants and nurse practitioners) along with periodic reminders. Participants rated the usefulness of retrieved bottom-line summaries and abstracts and indicated their usefulness on a 7-point Likert scale. They also indicated location of use (office, rounds, etc.). Of the 166 responses collected in the feasibility phase, more than half of questions (57%, n = 94) were answerable by both the librarian using various resources and by the postdoctoral research fellow using PubMed4Hh. Sixty-six questions were collected during usability testing. More than half of questions (60.6%) were related to information about medication or treatment, while 21% were questions regarding diagnosis, and 12% were specific to disease entities. During the pilot study, participants reviewed 34 abstracts and 40 bottom-line summaries. The abstracts' usefulness mean scores were higher (95% CI [6.12, 6.64) than the scores of the bottom-line summaries (95% CI [5.25, 6.10]). The most frequent reason given was that it confirmed current or tentative diagnostic or

  14. Studying the outflow-core interaction with ALMA Cycle 1 observations of the HH 46/47 molecular outflow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yichen; Arce, Hector G.; Mardones, Diego; Dunham, Michael; Garay, Guido; Noriega-Crespo, Alberto; Corder, Stuartt; Offner, Stella; Cabrit, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    We present ALMA Cycle 1 observations of the HH 46/47 molecular outflow which is driven by a low-mass Class 0/I protostar. Previous ALMA Cycle 0 12CO observation showed outflow cavities produced by the entrainment of ambient gas by the protostellar jet and wide-angle wind. Here we present analysis of observation of 12CO, 13CO, C18O and other species using combined 12m array and ACA observations. The improved angular resolution and sensitivity allow us to detect details of the outflow structure. Specially, we see that the outflow cavity wall is composed of two or more layers of outflowing gas, which separately connect to different shocked regions along the outflow axis inside the cavity, suggesting the outflow cavity wall is composed of multiple shells entrained by a series of jet bow-shock events. The new 13CO and C18O data also allow us to trace relatively denser and slower outflow material than that traced by the 12CO. These species are only detected within about 1 to 2 km/s from the cloud velocity, tracing the outflow to lower velocities than what is possible using only the 12CO emission. Interestingly, the cavity wall of the red lobe appears at very low outflow velocities (as low as ~0.2 km/s). In addition, 13CO and C18O allow us to correct for the CO optical depth, allowing us to obtain more accurate estimates of the outflow mass, momentum and kinetic energy. Applying the optical depth correction significantly increases the previous mass estimate by a factor of 14. The outflow kinetic energy distribution shows that even though the red lobe is mainly entrained by jet bow-shocks, most of the outflow energy is being deposited into the cloud at the base of the outflow cavity rather than around the heads of the bow shocks. The estimated total mass, momentum, and energy of the outflow indicate that the outflow has the ability to disperse the parent core. We found possible evidence for a slowly moving rotating outflow in CS. Our 13CO and C18O observations also trace a

  15. ROTATION AND OUTFLOW MOTIONS IN THE VERY LOW-MASS CLASS 0 PROTOSTELLAR SYSTEM HH 211 AT SUBARCSECOND RESOLUTION

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, C.-F.; Hirano, Naomi; Ho, Paul T. P.; Shang, Hsien; Palau, Aina; Bourke, Tyler L.; Zhang Qizhou

    2009-01-01

    HH 211 is a nearby young protostellar system with a highly collimated jet. We have mapped it in 352 GHz continuum, SiO (J = 8 - 7), and HCO + (J = 4 - 3) emission at up to ∼0.''2 resolution with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). The continuum source is now resolved into two sources, SMM1 and SMM2, with a separation of ∼ 84 AU. SMM1 is seen at the center of the jet, probably tracing a (inner) dusty disk around the protostar driving the jet. SMM2 is seen to the southwest of SMM1 and may trace an envelope-disk around a small binary companion. A flattened envelope-disk is seen in HCO + around SMM1 with a radius of ∼ 80 AU perpendicular to the jet axis. Its velocity structure is consistent with a rotation motion and can be fitted with a Keplerian law that yields a mass of ∼50 ± 15 M Jup (a mass of a brown dwarf) for the protostar. Thus, the protostar could be the lowest mass source known to have a collimated jet and a rotating flattened envelope-disk. A small-scale (∼200 AU) low-speed (∼2 km s -1 ) outflow is seen in HCO + around the jet axis extending from the envelope-disk. It seems to rotate in the same direction as the envelope-disk and may carry away part of the angular momentum from the envelope-disk. The jet is seen in SiO close to ∼100 AU from SMM1. It is seen with a 'C-shaped' bending. It has a transverse width of ∼ -1 . A possible velocity gradient is seen consistently across its innermost pair of knots, ∼0.5 km s -1 at ∼10 AU, consistent with the sense of rotation of the envelope-disk. If this gradient is an upper limit of the true rotational gradient of the jet, then the jet carries away a very small amount of angular momentum of ∼ -1 and thus must be launched from the very inner edge of the disk near the corotation radius.

  16. Status and perspectives for the Pd-103 radioactive seeds production at the cyclotron IFIN-HH from Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dudu, D.; Popa, V.; Racolta, P.M.; Tetcu, N.; Voiculescu, Dana

    2001-01-01

    Historically, 103 Pb, a short-lived isotope for permanent implant treatment of early stage prostate cancer, was generated via the 102 Pd(n,γ) 103 Pd reaction which relied on the availability of 1% naturally abundant 102 Pd in an enriched form and its moderately high neutron capture cross section. For the last 12 years, the accelerator production method for 103 Pd has been based on the irradiation of the rhodium metal with rather low energy protons via the reaction 103 Rh(p,n) 103 Pd. Big corporations from USA operate more than 10 dedicated accelerators to produce this nuclide. The prostate cancer market with 180,000 new cases reported annually justifies the effort for this radionuclide production. Recently, a manufacture in Europe also brought the USA patented type of 103 Pd seed implants on the world market. Our interest for this radioisotope production was started in 2000, as a result of the demand of two big hospitals from Bucharest and the opportunity to participate in a research programme (333-F2-RC 832) co-ordinated by the IAEA in Vienna. The U-120 Cyclotron, made in 1956 and brought from Russia, was quite a reliable machine. The accelerator is a classical cyclotron with adjustable energy. Now at the level of our technology, we can maintain it by ourselves and operate it quite independently. The experiments for the first year were focused on obtaining homemade data on cross-section, thick target yields and possible contaminants for the nuclear reaction 103 Rh (p,n) 103 Pb in the proton energy region 5-14 MeV. The experiments were performed at our Van de Graaff HV Tandem FN 15 accelerator (8 MV on terminal) by using proton beams up to 14 MeV with a current intensity of 100 nA. Design and adaptation of a dedicated beam line at IFIN-HH Cyclotron for the 103 production was a priority in our work planning for the first year

  17. High resolution HH-XRF scanning and XRD modelling as a tool in sedimentological analysis - A case study from the Enreca-3 core, Bach Long Vi Island, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzi, Malgorzata; Hemmingsen Schovsbo, Niels; Korte, Christoph; Bryld Wessel Fyhn, Michael

    2017-04-01

    To improve the understanding and interpretation of the depositional environment of a late Oligocene lacustrine organic rich oil-prone source rock succession, 2464 hand held (HH)-XRF measurements were made systematically on the 500 m long, continuous core from the fully cored Enreca-3 well. This core, drilled on the remote Bach Long Vi Island, northern Gulf of Tonkin, offshore Vietnam, represents a deep lake succession alternating between lacustrine pelagic dominated sediments interrupted by hyperpycnal turbidites, high density turbidites and debris flows [1, 2]. From a combined HH-XRF-XRD data set, multivariate data analysis and regression models are used to type the rock and to predict the XRD mineral composition based on HH-XRF composition. The rock types and the modelled mineral composition highlight the geochemical variations of the sediment and allows for direct comparison with sedimentological processes and facies changes. The modeling also depicts the cyclic alteration of rock types that are present on many different scales ranging from centimeters to hundreds of meters [1, 2]. The sedimentological and geochemical variations observed throughout the cored section reflects fluctuating paleoclimate, tectonism and hinterland condition controlling the depositional setting, which may provide a deeper understanding of the deposition of this and similar Paleogene syn-rift succession in the South China Sea region. It allows furthermore the development of a more generalized depositional model relevant for other deep-lacustrine syn-rift basins. [1] Petersen et al. (2014) Journal of Petroleum Geology, 37: 373-389. [2] Hovikoski et al. (2016) Journal of Sedimentary Research, 86(8): 982-1007.

  18. Deep VLA images of the HH 124 IRS radio cluster and its surroundings, and a new determination of the distance to NGC 2264

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dzib, Sergio A. [Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf del Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Loinard, Laurent; Rodríguez, Luis F. [Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad NacionalAutónoma de México Apartado Postal 3-72, 58090 Morelia, Michoacán (Mexico); Galli, Phillip, E-mail: sdzib@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de [Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2014-06-20

    We present new deep (σ ∼ 6 μJy) radio images of the HH 124 IRS radio cluster at 4.8 and 7.5 GHz. We detect a total of 50 radio sources, most of them compact. Variability and spectral indices were analyzed in order to determine the nature of the sources and of their radio emission. A proper motion study was also performed for several of these radio sources using previously reported radio observations. Our analysis shows that 11 radio sources can be associated with Galactic objects, most of them probably young stars. Interestingly, 8 of these sources are in an area less than 1 arcmin{sup 2} in size. The importance of such compact clusters resides in that all of its members can be observed in a single pointing with most telescopes and are, therefore, ideal for multi-wavelength studies of variability. Another 4 of the detected sources are clearly extragalactic. Finally, we propose from statistical arguments that out of the remaining sources, about 10 are Galactic, but our study does not allow us to identify which of the sources fall in that specific category. The relatively large proper motions observed for the sources in HH 124 IRS suggest that this region is located at about 400 pc from the Sun. This is significantly smaller than the ∼800-900 pc distance usually assigned to the nearby open cluster NGC 2264 with which HH 124 is thought to be associated. However, a reanalysis of the Hipparcos parallaxes for members of NGC 2264, a convergent point approach, and a kinematic analysis all argue in favor of a distance of the order of 400 pc for NGC 2264 as well.

  19. Study of the physics potential of the FCC-hh machine to measure the coupling of the Higgs boson to b quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Rodríguez, Arturo

    2016-01-01

    The FCC project as well as the Pythia + Delphes analysis within the FCC software are introduced. The ROOT analysis carried out to reconstruct main observables, such the invariant mass of the bb system, transverse mass and momentum of the W boson together with the lepton pT and distribution is explained. The resulting reconstructed invariant mass of the bb system showed a peak near the 125 GeV in correspondence with the Higgs boson. Future steps towards estimating the physics potential of the FCC-hh machine in this channel are discussed.

  20. Observations and measurements of dynamic effects due to beam-beam interactions in the LHC and extrapolation to the FCC-hh

    CERN Document Server

    Goncalves Jorge, Patrik

    The Future Circular hadron-hadron Collider (FCC-hh) is a design study for a 100 TeV centre-of-mass energy. The dynamics of the beams in such a collider poses many challenges, in particular the amount of energy stored in each beam (8.4 GJ) makes them very destructive and therefore requires a tight control of the machine and beam parameters during the full cycle in order to avoid damages and reach the collider designed performances. The FCC-hh features an increase of the beam brightness during the cycle due to the presence of synchrotron radiation damping at high energy. As a result, the electromagnetic forces that the two beams exert on each other, the so-called beam-beam forces, are enhanced and might become an issue for the safe operation of the machine. In this new regime, the impact of the beam-beam interaction on the optics becomes non-negligible. In this master thesis, for the first time, the impact of the beam-beam interaction on the optics ($\\beta$-beating) is measured in a hadron collider (LHC). The e...

  1. Reversible Heterolytic Cleavage of the H-H Bond by Molybdenum Complexes: Controlling the Dynamics of Exchange Between Proton and Hydride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Shaoguang; Appel, Aaron M.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2017-05-18

    Controlling the heterolytic cleavage of the H-H bond of dihydrogen is critically important in catalytic hydrogenations and in the catalytic oxidation of H2. We show how the rate of reversible heterolytic cleavage of H2 can be controlled over nearly four orders of magnitude at 25 °C, from 2.1 × 103 s-1 to ≥107 s-1. Bifunctional Mo complexes, [CpMo(CO)(κ3-P2N2)]+ (P2N2 = 1,5-diaza-3,7-diphosphacyclooctane with alkyl/aryl groups on N and P), have been developed for heterolytic cleavage of H2 into a proton and a hydride, akin to Frustrated Lewis Pairs. The H-H bond cleavage is enabled by the basic amine in the second coordination sphere. The products of heterolytic cleavage of H2, Mo hydride complexes bearing protonated amines, [CpMo(H)(CO)(P2N2H)]+, were characterized by spectroscopic studies and by X-ray crystallography. Variable temperature 1H, 15N and 2-D 1H-1H ROESY NMR spectra indicated rapid exchange of the proton and hydride. The exchange rates are in the order [CpMo(H)(CO)(PPh2NPh2H)]+ > [CpMo(H)(CO)(PtBu2NPh2H)]+ > [CpMo(H)(CO)(PPh2NBn2H)]+ > [CpMo(H)(CO)(PtBu2NBn2H)]+ > [CpMo(H)(CO)(PtBu2NtBu2H)]+. The pKa values determined in acetonitrile range from 9.3 to 17.7, and show a linear correlation with the logarithm of the exchange rates. Thus the exchange dynamics are controlled through the relative acidity of the [CpMo(H)(CO)(P2N2H)]+ and [CpMo(H2)(CO)(P2N2)]+ isomers, providing a design principle for controlling heterolytic cleavage of H2.

  2. Quality assurance for measurements of the radioactivity in the area of the"Horia Hulubei" National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, IFIN-HH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stochioiu, Ana; Luca, Aurelian; Sahagia, Maria; Margineanu, Romul Mircea; Tudor, Ion

    2012-10-01

    This paper presents one part of the activities deployed by the Laboratory for Environment and Personnel Dosimetry (LDPM) of IFIN-HH, namely the radiological monitoring of the environment within the Institute's area and its surrounding influence zone, according to the program approved by the National Regulatory Body for Nuclear Activities, CNCAN. The representative reports regard the radioactive content of soil, surface and underground water, cultivated and spontaneous vegetation, aerosols and atmospheric fallout, sediments. The common requirement is that the measured quantities be precise and the reported values be reliable and credible. This goal is achieved by maintaining a Quality System, verified within the obtaining and maintaining of the laboratory accreditation, according to the international standard ISO/IEC 17025:2005.The LDPM is accredited by the Romanian accreditation body, RENAR, member of the European Accreditation, EA and is designed by CNCAN as a notified testing laboratory. Many measurements were performed in collaboration with the Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory (RML) from IFIN-HH, RENAR accredited and CNCAN notified for calibration and for testing in the field of radioactivity measurement. This paper proposes a short presentation of the important aspects in our activity: i. description of equipment, samplingmethods, processing and measurement of environmental samples; ii. validation of equipment and methods by participation in international and national proficiency tests; iii. a five year follow chart, containing the results in measurement of samples; iv. a recent application, with a wide impact in Romanian mass media: the credible daily report on the possible influence of Fukushima accident over the Romanian environmental radioactivity. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Transcriptional regulation and adaptation to a high-fiber environment in Bacillus subtilis HH2 isolated from feces of the giant panda.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziyao Zhou

    Full Text Available In the giant panda, adaptation to a high-fiber environment is a first step for the adequate functioning of intestinal bacteria, as the high cellulose content of the gut due to the panda's vegetarian appetite results in a harsh environment. As an excellent producer of several enzymes and vitamins, Bacillus subtilis imparts various advantages to animals. In our previous study, we determined that several strains of B. subtilis isolated from pandas exhibited good cellulose decomposition ability, and we hypothesized that this bacterial species can survive in and adapt well to a high-fiber environment. To evaluate this hypothesis, we employed RNA-Seq technology to analyze the differentially expressed genes of the selected strain B. subtilis HH2, which demonstrates significant cellulose hydrolysis of different carbon sources (cellulose and glucose. In addition, we used bioinformatics software and resources to analyze the functions and pathways of differentially expressed genes. Interestingly, comparison of the cellulose and glucose groups revealed that the up-regulated genes were involved in amino acid and lipid metabolism or transmembrane transport, both of which are involved in cellulose utilization. Conversely, the down-regulated genes were involved in non-essential functions for bacterial life, such as toxin and bacteriocin secretion, possibly to conserve energy for environmental adaptation. The results indicate that B. subtilis HH2 triggered a series of adaptive mechanisms at the transcriptional level, which suggests that this bacterium could act as a probiotic for pandas fed a high-fiber diet, despite the fact that cellulose is not a very suitable carbon source for this bacterial species. In this study, we present a model to understand the dynamic organization of and interactions between various functional and regulatory networks for unicellular organisms in a high-fiber environment.

  4. Observations of Lambda(0)(b) -> Lambda K+pi(-) and Lambda(0)(b) -> Lambda K+K- decays and searches for other Lambda(0)(b) and Xi(0)(b) decays to Lambda h(+)h '(-) final states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aaij, R.; Beteta, C. Abelian; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Akar, S.; Albrechtl, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Cartelle, P. Alvarez; Alves, A. A.; Arnato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; An, L.; Anderlini, L.; Andreassi, G.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Gutierrez, O. Aquines; Archilli, F.; d'Argent, P.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Baesso, C.; Baker, S.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Battista, V.; Beaucourt, L.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Bel, L. J.; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Pellegrino, A.; Tolk, S.

    2016-01-01

    A search is performed for the charmless three-body decays of the Lambda(0)(b) and Xi(0)(b) baryons to the final states Lambda h(+)h'(-), where h(') = pi or K. The analysis is based on a data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb-1 of pp collisions, collected by the LHCb

  5. Generation of the problem-dependent data libraries for IFIN-HH WWR-S spent fuel storage criticality and dose calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ene, Daniela; Tigau, F.

    1998-01-01

    The methods used for the radioactivity inventory calculation and dose evaluation of the fuel elements irradiated in the WWR-S IFIN-HH reactor are discussed in this work. A particular attention is paid to the processed problem-dependent nuclear libraries. SAS2H, a complex sequence of the SCALE-4.3 code system containing the modules BONAMI - NITAWL - XSDRNPM - COUPLE - ORIGEN-S - XSDOSE, has been assimilated on the IFIN-HH computer and applied to update the ORIGEN-S libraries by producing problem-dependent processed data libraries needed to perform the depletion and shielding analysis. This sequence uses one of the eight associated data libraries of the SCALE-4.3 system according to the choice of the user. The method consists in the following analysis processes: i) lattice cell neutron analysis to produce the flux weighting spectrum for activation library updating; ii) update of the nuclear data constants of the ORIGEN-S libraries; iii) depletion and decay analysis for a specified fuel assembly and irradiation history in order to generate gamma and neutron source strength and spectra. iv) one-dimensional radial shielding calculation for the evaluation of the angular neutron and gamma flux at the surface of a spent fuel shipping cask and further calculation of the dose rates at various points outside the cask. An efficient alternative of the calculation sequence mentioned above is the ARP (Automatic Rapid Processing) method conceived in order to generate independently ORIGEN-S libraries and to reduce substantially the running time. The substance of this method is the generation of the problem-dependent libraries from basis libraries a priori created by SAS2H for specific fuel assembly type and further interpolation of two independent variables, enrichment and burnup. Specific applications concerning WWR-S spent fuel were performed: i) generation of three problem-dependent libraries for the S-36 fuel assembly taking into account the maximum value of the burnup of this

  6. Temperature-dependent transitions between normal and inverse isotope effects pertaining to the interaction of H-H and C-H bonds with transition metal centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkin, Gerard

    2009-02-17

    Deuterium kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) serve as versatile tools to infer details about reaction mechanisms and the nature of transition states, while equilibrium isotope effects (EIEs) associated with the site preferences of hydrogen and deuterium enable researchers to study aspects of molecular structure. Researchers typically interpret primary deuterium isotope effects based on two simple guidelines: (i) the KIE for an elementary reaction is normal (k(H)/k(D) > 1) and (ii) the EIE is dictated by deuterium preferring to be located in the site corresponding to the highest frequency oscillator. In this Account, we evaluate the applicability of these rules to the interactions of H-H and C-H bonds with a transition metal center. Significantly, experimental and computational studies question the predictability of primary EIEs in these systems based on the notion that deuterium prefers to occupy the highest frequency oscillator. In particular, the EIEs for (i) formation of sigma-complexes by coordination of H-H and C-H bonds and (ii) oxidative addition of dihydrogen exhibit unusual temperature dependencies, such that the same system may demonstrate both normal (i.e., K(H)/K(D) > 1) and inverse (i.e., K(H)/K(D) ZPE (where SYM is the symmetry factor, MMI is the mass-moment of inertia term, EXC is the excitation term, and ZPE is the zero-point energy term), and the distinctive temperature profile results from the inverse ZPE (enthalpy) and normal [SYM x MMI x EXC] (entropy) components opposing each other and having different temperature dependencies. At low temperatures, the ZPE component dominates and the EIE is inverse, while at high temperatures, the [SYM x MMI x EXC] component dominates and the EIE is normal. The inverse nature of the ZPE term is a consequence of the rotational and translational degrees of freedom of RH (R = H, CH(3)) becoming low-energy isotopically sensitive vibrations in the product, while the normal nature of the [SYM x MMI x EXC] component

  7. MicroHH 1.0: a computational fluid dynamics code for direct numerical simulation and large-eddy simulation of atmospheric boundary layer flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Heerwaarden, Chiel C.; van Stratum, Bart J. H.; Heus, Thijs; Gibbs, Jeremy A.; Fedorovich, Evgeni; Mellado, Juan Pedro

    2017-08-01

    This paper describes MicroHH 1.0, a new and open-source (www.microhh.org) computational fluid dynamics code for the simulation of turbulent flows in the atmosphere. It is primarily made for direct numerical simulation but also supports large-eddy simulation (LES). The paper covers the description of the governing equations, their numerical implementation, and the parameterizations included in the code. Furthermore, the paper presents the validation of the dynamical core in the form of convergence and conservation tests, and comparison of simulations of channel flows and slope flows against well-established test cases. The full numerical model, including the associated parameterizations for LES, has been tested for a set of cases under stable and unstable conditions, under the Boussinesq and anelastic approximations, and with dry and moist convection under stationary and time-varying boundary conditions. The paper presents performance tests showing good scaling from 256 to 32 768 processes. The graphical processing unit (GPU)-enabled version of the code can reach a speedup of more than an order of magnitude for simulations that fit in the memory of a single GPU.

  8. Comportamiento de las aleaciones termorresistentes AISI HH y HK-40 ante los procesos de carburización y nitruración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleno Alfonso-Brindis

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Se evalúa el comportamiento de los aceros austeníticos fundidos AISI HH y HK- 40 (de producción nacional ante los procesos de carburización y nitruración en los rangos de temperaturas desde 750 hasta 1 000 °C. Se estudia la cinética y la termodinámica de las posibles reacciones y los productos de las mismas se caracterizan mediante técnicas de Microscopía Óptica, Microscopía Electrónica de Barrido y Microanálisis (MEB-EDAX. En el análisis microscópico se observó la formación de carburos de cromo después de la carburización, mientras que la nitruración dio lugar a la formación de nitruros de cromo. Se concluye que la aleación AISI HK-40 posee una elevada resistencia intrínseca a la carburización y a la nitruración, que hace factible su empleo en componentes de hornos de soleras múltiples para la reducción de minerales lateríticos

  9. Nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase from Rhodobacter capsulatus; the H+/H- ratio and the activation state of the enzyme during reduction of acetyl pyridine adenine dinucleotide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, T; Jackson, J B

    1992-02-21

    Chromatophores from Rhodobacter capsulatus were incubated in the dark with NADPH and acetylpyridineadenine dinucleotide (AcPdAD+) in the presence of different concentrations of myxothiazol. The transhydrogenase activity was monitored until an appropriate mass action ratio, [AcPdAD+][NADPH]/[AcPdADH][NADP+], was reached. The sample was then illuminated and the initial rate of either AcPdAD+ reduction by NADPH or AcPdADH oxidation by NADP+ was recorded. The ratio of H+ translocated per H- equivalent transferred by transhydrogenase was calculated from the value of the membrane potential (delta pH = 0) at which illumination caused no net reaction in either direction. The mean value for the H+/H- ratio was 0.55. At greater values of [AcPdAD+][NADPH]/[AcPdADH][NADP+] than were employed in the above experiments and over a wider range of concentrations of myxothiazol, it was found that incremental increases in the membrane potential always gave rise to a decrease, never an increase in the rate of AcPdAD+ reduction. In contrast to the H(+)-ATP synthase, there is no evidence of any activation/deactivation of H(+)-transhydrogenase by the protonmotive force.

  10. Asymptotical approximation of interconnection of nucleons' quadrupole and cluster motion in atomic nucleus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kabulov, A.B.

    2003-01-01

    Atomic nuclei display different kinds of collective motion. The well known example - is the collective model arising from valent nucleons motion. The other a special kind of collective motion is cluster mode. If a collective model has quadrupole character, then cluster one has dipole character. In the boson formalism this model is describing by dynamic symmetry U(6) direct X U(4). The common Hamiltonian symmetrical to U(6) direct X U(4) group has a form H=H d +H p +V pd . In the paper the asymptotical wave function for dipole states connected with (N-1) bosons of s- and d-types is presented. In this case the problem for Hamiltonian eigenvalues is solving by analytical way. With use Elliot method and wave functions asymptotical form the operators for matrix elements of E2-, E1-, M1-transitions are cited

  11. Transition metal complexes with thiosemicarbazide-based ligands. Part 60. Reactions of copper(II bromide with pyridoxal S-methylisothiosemicarbazone (PLITSC. Crystal structure of [Cu(PLITSC−HH2O]Br•H2O

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leovac Vukadin M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis and structural characterization of a square-planar copper(II complex with pyridoxal S-methylisothiosemicarbazone (PLITSC of the formula [Cu(PLITSC−HH2O]Br•H2O (1 as the first Cu(II complex with monoanionic form of this ligand were described. Complex 1 together with two previously synthesized complexes [Cu(PLITSCBr2] (2 and [Cu(PLITSCBr(MeOH]Br (3 were characterized by elemental analysis, IR and electronic spectra and also by the methods of thermal analysis, conductometry and magnetochemistry. [Projekat Pokrajisnkog sekretarijata za nauku i tehnoloski razvoj Vojvodine i Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 172014

  12. Do nonbonded H--H interactions in phenanthrene stabilize it relative to anthracene? A possible resolution to this question and its implications for ligands such as 2,2'-bipyridyl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hancock, Robert D; Nikolayenko, Igor V

    2012-08-23

    The problem of whether interactions between the hydrogen atoms at the 1,10-positions in the "cleft" of the "bent" phenanthrene stabilize the latter molecule thermodynamically relative to "linear" anthracene, or whether the higher stability of phenanthrene is due to a more energetically favorable π-system, is considered. DFT calculations at the X3LYP/cc-pVTZ(-f)++ level of the ground state energies (E) of anthracene, phenanthrene, and the set of five benzoquinolines are reported. In the gas phase, "bent" phenanthrene was computed to be thermodynamically more stable than "linear" anthracene by -28.5 kJ mol(-1). This fact was attributed predominantly to the phenomenon of higher aromatic stabilization of the π-system of phenanthrene relative to anthracene, and not to the stabilizing influence of the nonbonding H--H interactions in its cleft. In fact, these interactions in phenanthrene were shown to be destabilizing. Similar calculations for five benzoquinolines (bzq) indicate that ΔE values vary as: 6,7-bzq (linear) ≤ 2,3-bzq (linear) < 5,6-bzq (bent) ≤ 3,4-bzq (bent) < 7,8-bzq (bent, no H--H nonbonding interactions in cleft), supporting the idea that it is a more stable π-system that favors 7,8-bzq over 2,3-bzq and 6,7-bzq, and that the H--H interactions in the clefts of 3,4-bzq and 5,6-bzq are destabilizing. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding in the cleft of 7,8-bzq plays a secondary role in its stabilization relative 6,7-bzq. The question of whether H--H nonbonded interactions between H atoms at the 3 and 3' positions of 2,2'-bipyridyl (bpy) coordinated to metal ions are stabilizing or destabilizing is then considered. The energy of bpy is scanned as a function of N-C-C-N torsion angle (χ) in the gas-phase, and it is found that the trans form is 32.8 kJ mol(-1) more stable than the cis conformer. A relaxed coordinate scan of energy of bpy in aqueous solution as a function of χ is modeled using the PBF approach, and it is found that the trans conformer is

  13. Mo-Mo Quintuple Bond is Highly Reactive in H-H, C-H, and O-H σ-Bond Cleavages Because of the Polarized Electronic Structure in Transition State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yue; Sakaki, Shigeyoshi

    2017-04-03

    The recently reported high reactivity of the Mo-Mo quintuple bond of Mo 2 (N ∧ N) 2 (1) {N ∧ N = μ-κ 2 -CH[N(2,6-iPr 2 C 6 H 3 )] 2 } in the H-H σ-bond cleavage was investigated. DFT calculations disclosed that the H-H σ-bond cleavage by 1 occurs with nearly no barrier to afford the cis-dihydride species followed by cis-trans isomerization to form the trans-dihydride product, which is consistent with the experimental result. The O-H and C-H bond cleavages by 1 were computationally predicted to occur with moderate (ΔG° ⧧ = 9.0 kcal/mol) and acceptable activation energies (ΔG° ⧧ = 22.5 kcal/mol), respectively, suggesting that the Mo-Mo quintuple bond can be applied to various σ-bond cleavages. In these σ-bond cleavage reactions, the charge-transfer (CT Mo→XH ) from the Mo-Mo quintuple bond to the X-H (X = H, C, or O) bond and that (CT XH→Mo ) from the X-H bond to the Mo-Mo bond play crucial roles. Though the HOMO (dδ-MO) of 1 is at lower energy and the LUMO + 2 (dδ*-MO) of 1 is at higher energy than those of RhCl(PMe 3 ) 2 (LUMO and LUMO + 1 of 1 are not frontier MO), the H-H σ-bond cleavage by 1 more easily occurs than that by the Rh complex. Hence, the frontier MO energies are not the reason for the high reactivity of 1. The high reactivity of 1 arises from the polarization of dδ-type MOs of the Mo-Mo quintuple bond in the transition state. Such a polarized electronic structure enhances the bonding overlap between the dδ-MO of the Mo-Mo bond and the σ*-antibonding MO of the X-H bond to facilitate the CT Mo→XH and reduce the exchange repulsion between the Mo-Mo bond and the X-H bond. This polarized electronic structure of the transition state is similar to that of a frustrated Lewis pair. The easy polarization of the dδ-type MOs is one of the advantages of the metal-metal multiple bond, because such polarization is impossible in the mononuclear metal complex.

  14. Effects of variation in background mixing ratios of N2, O2, and Ar on the measurement of δ18O-H2O and δ2H-H2O values by cavity ring-down spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jennifer E.; Rella, Chris W.

    2017-08-01

    Cavity ring-down spectrometers have generally been designed to operate under conditions in which the background gas has a constant composition. However, there are a number of observational and experimental situations of interest in which the background gas has a variable composition. In this study, we examine the effect of background gas composition on a cavity ring-down spectrometer that measures δ18O-H2O and δ2H-H2O values based on the amplitude of water isotopologue absorption features around 7184 cm-1 (L2120-i, Picarro, Inc.). For background mixtures balanced with N2, the apparent δ18O values deviate from true values by -0.50 ± 0.001 ‰ O2 %-1 and -0.57 ± 0.001 ‰ Ar %-1, and apparent δ2H values deviate from true values by 0.26 ± 0.004 ‰ O2 %-1 and 0.42 ± 0.004 ‰ Ar %-1. The artifacts are the result of broadening, narrowing, and shifting of both the target absorption lines and strong neighboring lines. While the background-induced isotopic artifacts can largely be corrected with simple empirical or semi-mechanistic models, neither type of model is capable of completely correcting the isotopic artifacts to within the inherent instrument precision. The development of strategies for dynamically detecting and accommodating background variation in N2, O2, and/or Ar would facilitate the application of cavity ring-down spectrometers to a new class of observations and experiments.

  15. FCC-hh turn-around cycle

    CERN Document Server

    Alemany Fernandez, Reyes; Bartmann, Wolfgang; Buffat, Xavier; Niemi, Arto; Schulte, Daniel; Solfaroli Camillocci, Matteo; Stoel, Linda

    2016-01-01

    The turn-around cycle time of a collider is defined as the time spent between the end of stable beams and the start of the next stable beams period, and its calculation is of fundamental importance. On one side it is a crucial ingredient for the computation of the optimal time spent in luminosity production, which defines the integrated luminosity per fill or store. On the other side, combined with the availability and reliability of the machine, it allows to perform a detailed breakdown of the operational performance of the collider over an operational season, i.e. percentage of time in stable beams and beam in the machine with respect to down time. This paper presents a preliminary operational cycle definition for the hadron-hadron Future Circular Collider, as a base line for estimating the corresponding turn-around time. The cycle definition is based on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) operational cycle. Two turn-around times are presented, the theoretical one and a more realistic one based on the LHC exper...

  16. IFIN-HH, Scientific Report 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andries, Mihai; Dragulici, Cristian; Enescu, Sanda-Elena; Oancea, Margareta; Preda, Mihaela; Prodan, Lucia; Raduta, Adriana; Sandu, Doina; Schiaua, Claudiu

    1999-01-01

    The annual report on 1998 of the Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, presents the Institute's activity in the fields of Theoretical Physics (Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Mathematical Physics, Field Theory, and Particle Physics, and Physics of Information), Experimental Physics (Nuclear Structure, Nuclear Reactions, Atomic Physics, Particle Physics, Cosmic Rays and Nuclear Astrophysics, Inertial Physics, Neutron Physics, and Nuclear Transmutations and Nuclear Instruments and Methods), Biophysics, Applied Physics, Radiation Processing, Tracers and Radiometry, Technological Development, Waste Management and Site Restoration, Standardization. Also, data concerning the Publications, Conferences, Patents, PhD Theses, Scientific Exchanges, Visitors, Invited Seminars, Visits and Seminars abroad are given in appendices. The Report gives also the Directorate, the Heads of Departments and the Research Staff

  17. Substrate-assisted mechanism of RNP disruption by the spliceosomal Brr2 RNA helicase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theuser, Matthias; Höbartner, Claudia; Wahl, Markus C.; Santos, Karine F.

    2016-01-01

    The Brr2 RNA helicase disrupts the U4/U6 di-small nuclear RNA–protein complex (di-snRNP) during spliceosome activation via ATP-driven translocation on the U4 snRNA strand. However, it is unclear how bound proteins influence U4/U6 unwinding, which regions of the U4/U6 duplex the helicase actively unwinds, and whether U4/U6 components are released as individual molecules or as subcomplexes. Here, we set up a recombinant Brr2-mediated U4/U6 di-snRNP disruption system, showing that sequential addition of the U4/U6 proteins small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-associated protein 1 (Snu13), pre-mRNA processing factor 31 (Prp31), and Prp3 to U4/U6 di-snRNA leads to a stepwise decrease of Brr2-mediated U4/U6 unwinding, but that unwinding is largely restored by a Brr2 cofactor, the C-terminal Jab1/MPN domain of the Prp8 protein. Brr2-mediated U4/U6 unwinding was strongly inhibited by mutations in U4/U6 di-snRNAs that diminish the ability of U6 snRNA to adopt an alternative conformation but leave the number and kind of U4/U6 base pairs unchanged. Irrespective of the presence of the cofactor, the helicase segregated a Prp3-Prp31-Snu13-U4/U6 RNP into an intact Prp31-Snu13-U4 snRNA particle, free Prp3, and free U6 snRNA. Together, these observations suggest that Brr2 translocates only a limited distance on the U4 snRNA strand and does not actively release RNA-bound proteins. Unwinding is then completed by the partially displaced U6 snRNA adopting an alternative conformation, which leads to dismantling of the Prp3-binding site on U4/U6 di-snRNA but leaves the Prp31- and Snu13-binding sites on U4 snRNA unaffected. In this fashion, Brr2 can activate the spliceosome by stripping U6 snRNA of all precatalytic binding partners, while minimizing logistic requirements for U4/U6 di-snRNP reassembly after splicing. PMID:27354531

  18. Retraction RETRACTION of "Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer" by Y. Ji, H.H. Jin, M.D. Wang, W.X. Cao, J.L. Bao - Genet. Mol. Res. 15 (2): gmr.15028261 (2016) - DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15028261.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Y; Jin, H H; Wang, M D; Cao, W X; Bao, J L

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Ji Y, Jin HH, Wang MD, Cao WX, et al. (2016). Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15028261. There are significant parts of this article (particularly, in the discussion section) that are copied from "Methylation of HIN-1, RASSF1A, RIL and CDH13 in breast cancer is associated with clinical characteristics, but only RASSF1A methylation is associated with outcome", by Jia Xu, Priya B Shetty, Weiwei Feng, Carol Chenault, Robert C Bast Jr, Jean-Pierre J Issa, Susan G Hilsenbeck and Yinhua Yu, published in BMC Cancer 2012; 12: 243. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-243. The first paragraphs of both discussions are identical. This is concerning. The abstract and introduction sections have much of their text plagiarized. Overall, there is high plagiarism detected. The GMR editorial staff was alerted and after a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract the article in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  19. Organización del mercado de generación de electricidad colombiano. Una aplicación de los índices de diversificación tecnológica y de concentración H-H y C-4, 1995-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Castillo

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la evolución de la concentración del mercado de generación de electricidad colombiano, con base en los índices de diversificación tecnológica y de concentración H-H y C-4, en el período 1995-2004. Se entiende la concentración como un comportamiento empresarial que, desde la perspectiva del regulador, puede atentar contra los resultados de eficiencia esperados con la reforma de las reglas de juego para la industria. Del análisis se concluye, por un lado, que los niveles de concentración han disminuido en el período de estudio, pasando de oligopolio fuerte a moderado; sin embargo, por el otro, al agrupar las empresas por vínculos empresariales los índices se elevan. Curiosamente, las empresas generadoras que apuntalan los índices son aquellas con diversificación tecnológica alta.

  20. Organización del mercado de generación de electricidad colombiano.: Una aplicación de los índices de diversificación tecnológica y de concentración H-H y C-4, 1995-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Tobón Orozco

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la evolución de la concentración del mercado de generación de electricidad colombiano, con base en los índices de diversificación tecnológica y de concentración H-H y C-4, en el período 1995-2004. Se entiende la concentración como un comportamiento empresarial que, desde la perspectiva del regulador, puede atentar contra los resultados de eficiencia esperados con la reforma de las reglas de juego para la industria. Del análisis se concluye, por un lado, que los niveles de concentración han disminuido en el periodo de estudio, pasando de oligopolio fuerte a moderado; sin embargo, por el otro, al agrupar las empresas por vínculos empresariales los índices se elevan. Curiosamente, las empresas generadoras que apuntalan los índices son aquellas con diversificación tecnológica alta.

  1. Observing shape resonances in ultraslow H^++H elastic scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macek, J. H.; Schultz, D. R.; Ovchinnikov, S. Yu.; Krstic, P. S.

    2004-05-01

    We have calculated highly accurate elastic and charge transfer cross sections for proton-hydrogen scattering at energies 0.0001-10 eV, using fully quantal approach (P.S. Krstic and D.R. Schultz, J. Phys. B 32, 3485 (1999)). A number of resonances are observed. We calculate the positions and widths of the shape resonances in the effective potentials for various orbital angular momenta (J. H. Macek and S. Yu. Ovchinnikov, Phys. Rev. A 50, 468 (1994)). These correlate well with the observed resonances. We acknowledge support from the US DOE through ORNL, managed by UT-Battelle, LLC under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

  2. Autocrine and Paracrine Hh Signaling Regulate Prostate Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Rev. Mol. Cell. Biol. 6, 306–317 7. Wang, B. E., Shou, J., Ross, S., Koeppen, H., De Sauvage, F. J., and Gao, W. Q. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 18506...and Placzek, M. (2006) Nat. Rev. Genet. 7, 841–850 13. Callahan, C. A., Ofstad, T., Horng, L.,Wang, J. K., Zhen, H. H., Coulombe , P. A., and Oro, A. E...Albig, A. R., and Schiemann, W. P. (2005)Mol. Biol. Cell 16, 609–625 45. Olsen, M. W., Ley , C. D., Junker, N., Hansen, A. J., Lund, E. L., and Krist

  3. On the structure and origin of HH jets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Colle, Fabio

    2011-10-01

    The goal of this proposal is to study the structure and origin of jets from young stellar objects by using HST observations of T Tauri jets. To this end, we propose to use three different but complementary approaches: tomographic reconstruction to recover the jet velocity cross-section, numerical simulations to compare the predictions of jet ejection models with the observations, and a statistical analysis of the data. First, we plan to use standard tomographic reconstruction techniques to derive the cross-section {i.e. perpendicular to the jet axis} velocity and physical parameters {electron density, temperature and ionization fraction} of the jets. This will allow a reliable estimation of mass- and momentum-flux from the central star-disk system, which, together with the cross-sectional velocity constraints, will help to distinguish between different jet ejection models. Second, we will focus our study on understanding recent observations of stellar jets showing transverse velocity shifts in several emission lines. The origin of these velocity shift is still debated: they can be interpreted as evidence of rotation, or they can be originated by side-to-side asymmetries in the flow or in the ambient medium. To distinguish between these two scenarios, we plan to uncover the origin of transverse velocity shift by a statistical approach based on the presence {or absence} of correlations between the velocity shifts and the degree of asymmetries in the flow. Finally, we will use our adaptive mesh refinement code to compare the observations with a large number of numerical simulations constructed on different jet ejection mechanisms.

  4. Accelerator mass spectrometry at IFIN-HH in Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stan-Sion, C.; Catana, D.; Plostinaru, D.; Radulescu, M.; Enachescu, M.

    1999-01-01

    An AMS (Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) facility was constructed at the FN - 8 MV Tandem Accelerator of the National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bucharest. It represents the first experimental setup of this type in the large geographical area of Eastern Europe. The main components of the facility are: the ion injector deck, the AMS beam line and the detector systems. The injector deck is polarised at 50 kV and contains the high current sputtering ion source (spherical ionizer) followed, for beam transport, by electrostatic devices (single lenses, steerers, quadrupole lenses), a double focussing, 90 angle analysing magnet (Danfysik), a pre-acceleration tube (NEC) and several diagnose and defining elements. The AMS samples are placed in an eight stack magazine attached to the ion source. On the exit side of the Tandem Accelerator tank, a velocity filter and the particle detection system are mounted. The beam line, on the high energy side, is optically achromatic and contains two 90 angle analysing magnets of 150 MEP. For particle detection a Bragg-curve Spectroscopy Detector (ionisation chamber) is used and a multi-anode gas detector with TOF discrimination is under construction. The research programme at this new facility is focused on using 26 Al for medical applications. In future it will be use for 129 I - AMS measurements as a nuclear safeguard. This long lived isotope will be used to monitor and investigate the transport of 129 I in vicinity of three nuclear power plants in Eastern Europe: Kozloduy (Bulgaria), Cernavoda (Romania) and Chernobyl (Ukraine). Measurements will concern soil, precipitation and air samples. Water samples will be collected along the flow of rivers Danube and Dnieper, from the Danube Delta and from coastal areas of the Black Sea. (authors)

  5. Resonant charge exchange for H-H+ in Debye plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laricchiuta, Annarita; Colonna, Gianpiero; Capitelli, Mario; Kosarim, Alexander; Smirnov, Boris M.

    2017-11-01

    The dynamics of resonant charge exchange in proton-hydrogen collisions embedded in plasma is investigated in the framework of the asymptotic approach, modified to account for the effect of Debye-Hückel screening in particle interactions. The cross sections exhibit a marked dependence on the Debye length in regimes of severe plasma confinement. Processes involving excited states H( n)-H+ are also discussed.

  6. Optimising A Read Out for A Possible FCC hh Collision

    CERN Document Server

    Alagaraisamy, Revathy

    2017-01-01

    The Future Circular Collider Study (FCC) aims to provide a conceptual design for an accelerator to possibly be constructed in the 2040s-2050s. The most ambitious design proposed is a 100 km-circumference proton-proton collider (FCChh), designed to achieve a centre-of-mass energy of 100 TeV and exceeding . Thus,along with this the precision of the detector is increased via many ways,e.g: calculation and reduction of electronic noise with PCB readout in detector.

  7. Orientation and alignment in H+-H collisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hansen, J.P.; Dubois, A.; Nielsen, S.E.

    1991-01-01

    We have calculated probabilities, orientation parameters, and alignment angles for 2p excitation and capture in proton-hydrogen collisions at 50- and 100-keV projectile energy. The results, obtained from solving the Schroedinger equation in a multistate atomic-orbital expansion, are compared to those of a similar, recently published investigation. In both studies, similar results for excitation are found, and also for capture at large impact parameters. The origin of different predictions for capture at intermediate impact parameters is discussed

  8. A QCD Model Using Generalized Yang-Mills Theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Dianfu; Song Heshan; Kou Lina

    2007-01-01

    Generalized Yang-Mills theory has a covariant derivative, which contains both vector and scalar gauge bosons. Based on this theory, we construct a strong interaction model by using the group U(4). By using this U(4) generalized Yang-Mills model, we also obtain a gauge potential solution, which can be used to explain the asymptotic behavior and color confinement.

  9. AcEST: BP919484 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available EX7S_BARBK Exodeoxyribonuclease 7 small subunit OS=Bar... 29 6.4 sp|Q8U4K6|CPGS_PYRFU Cyclic 2,3-diphosphoglycerate... 212 LK E K E+ Sbjct: 57 LKVAEAKIEK 66 >sp|Q8U4K6|CPGS_PYRFU Cyclic 2,3-diphosphoglycerate synthetase OS=Pyr

  10. Algebraic descriptions of nuclear and molecular rotation-vibration spectra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roosmalen, O.S. van.

    1982-01-01

    The application of algebraic models to the description of rotational and vibrational degrees of freedom of nuclei and molecules are discussed. Simple model Hamiltonians are shown to give good agreement with the energy spectra of diatomic molecules and nuclei. Some formal aspects of path integral methods for many-boson systems are treated. The two representations for the quantum mechanical propagator are compared and appear to be identical in leading order in 1/N (N is the number of bosons). Approximations for both are static and dynamic problems are discussed. Applications of mean field techniques are also treated. A description of tri- and tetra-atomic molecules in terms of a U(4)xU(4) and U(4)xU(4)xU(4) group structure is given. Linear molecules appear to correspond with symmetries of O(4) type. S-matrix elements are calculated to test mean field methods, and the results compared with exact calculations. (Auth.)

  11. Bovine Exome Sequence Analysis and Targeted SNP Genotyping of Recessive Fertility Defects BH1, HH2, and HH3 Reveal a Putative Causative Mutation in SMC2 for HH3

    OpenAIRE

    McClure, Matthew C.; Bickhart, Derek; Null, Dan; VanRaden, Paul; Xu, Lingyang; Wiggans, George; Liu, George; Schroeder, Steve; Glasscock, Jarret; Armstrong, Jon; Cole, John B.; Van Tassell, Curtis P.; Sonstegard, Tad S.

    2014-01-01

    The recent discovery of bovine haplotypes with negative effects on fertility in the Brown Swiss, Holstein, and Jersey breeds has allowed producers to identify carrier animals using commercial single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays. This study was devised to identify the causative mutations underlying defective bovine embryo development contained within three of these haplotypes (Brown Swiss haplotype 1 and Holstein haplotypes 2 and 3) by combining exome capture with next gener...

  12. Vibrational spectroscopy of SnBr4 and CCl4 using Lie algebraic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    experimentalists because of the development of new laser spectroscopic techniques. Wulfman played a ... used Lie algebraic methods to study the spectra of molecules (vibron model) using. U(4) algebra. ..... to vibrations of gas molecules.

  13. Single Anomalous Production of the Fourth SM Family Quarks at Future e+e-, ep, and pp Colliders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ciftci, A. K.; Ciftci, R.; Sultansoy, S.; Yildiz, H. Duran

    2007-01-01

    Possible single productions of fourth SM family u4 and d4 quarks via anomalous interactions at the e+e-, ep, and pp colliders are investigated. Signatures of such anomalous processes are discussed at above colliders comparatively

  14. On the structure of translational gauge theories of gravitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wallner, R.P.

    1982-01-01

    Guided by decoupling processes in general gauge theories, we examine the translation limit in U 4 -theories. It is shown that this leads to Einstein's gravity theory as the appropriate choice for a translational gauge theory of gravitation. (Author)

  15. The extraction, identification and quantification of hypoglycemic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-08-22

    Aug 22, 2011 ... indicated that extraction U3 and U4 obviously decreased the blood sugar. Also, U3 was .... resin chromatography due to its main component, saponins identified by ..... The authors thank Changchun University of Technology.

  16. Avionics system design for requirements for the United States Coast Guard HH-65A Dolphin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D. A.

    1984-01-01

    Aerospatiale Helicopter Corporation (AHC) was awarded a contract by the United States Coast Guard for a new Short Range Recovery (SRR) Helicopter on 14 June 1979. The award was based upon an overall evaluation of performance, cost, and technical suitability. In this last respect, the SRR helicopter was required to meet a wide variety of mission needs for which the integrated avionics system has a high importance. This paper illustrates the rationale for the avionics system requirements, the system architecture, its capabilities and reliability and its adaptability to a wide variety of military and commercial purposes.

  17. FCC-hh final-focus for flat-beams: parameters and energy deposition studies

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2081283; Cruz Alaniz, Emilia; Seryi, Andrei; Van Riesen-Haupt, Leon; Besana, Maria Ilaria

    2017-01-01

    The international Future Circular Collider (FCC) study comprises the study of a new scientific structure in a tunnel of 100 km. This will allow the installation of two accelerators, a 45.6–175 GeV lepton collider and a 100-TeV hadron collider. An optimized design of a final-focus system for the hadron collider is presented here. The new design is more compact and enables unequal ${\\beta}$$^{∗}$ in both planes, whose choice is justified here. This is followed by energy deposition studies, where the total dose in the magnets as a consequence of the collision debris is evaluated.

  18. Searches for HH production at 13 TeV with the CMS detector

    CERN Document Server

    Dall'Osso, Martino

    2017-01-01

    The production of a pair of Higgs bosons provides a direct handle on the structure of the Higgs field potential. While the Higgs boson pair production within the Standard Model is very small and essentially out of experimental reach in the LHC Run II, several Standard Model extensions foresee an enhancement that can be already probed with the available data. The latest searches for resonant and non-resonant Higgs pair production made using CMS Run II data are presented considering different decay modes of the Higgs boson.

  19. Doubly labeled water (3HH18O) method: a guide to its use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagy, K.A.

    1983-06-01

    The doubly labelled water method for measuring CO 2 production and water flux rates is used in studies of energy and material balance in animals living in their natural habitats. This report presents guidelines for the use of this method, including preparation of materials, field and laboratory procedures, and tritium and 18 O analysis techniques

  20. THE TIME EVOLUTION OF HH 1 FROM FOUR EPOCHS OF HST IMAGES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raga, A. C.; Esquivel, A. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ap. 70-543, 04510 D.F., México (Mexico); Reipurth, B. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Bally, J., E-mail: raga@nucleares.unam.mx [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, UCB 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)

    2016-05-15

    We present an analysis of four epochs of Hα and [S ii] λλ 6716/6731 Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images of HH 1. For determining proper motions, we explore a new method based on the analysis of spatially degraded images obtained convolving the images with wavelet functions of chosen widths. With this procedure, we are able to generate maps of proper motion velocities along and across the outflow axis, as well as (angularly integrated) proper motion velocity distributions. From the four available epochs, we find the time evolution of the velocities, intensities, and spatial distribution of the line emission. We find that over the last two decades HH 1 shows a clear acceleration. Also, the Hα and [S ii] intensities first dropped and then recovered in the more recent (2014) images. Finally, we show a comparison between the two available HST epochs of [O iii] λ 5007 (1994 and 2014), in which we see a clear drop in the value of the [O iii]/Hα ratio.

  1. ATLAS Searches for VH, HH, VV, V+gamma/gammagamma Resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Biesuz, Nicolo Vladi; The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The discovery of a Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) motivates searches for physics beyond the Standard Model (SM) in channels involving coupling to the Higgs boson. A search for a massive resonance decaying into a standard model Higgs boson (h) and a W or Z boson or two a standard model Higgs bosons is performed. Final states with different number of leptons or photons and where in many cases at least one Higgs decays into a b-quark pair are studied using different jet reconstruction techniques which are complementary in their acceptance for low and high mass transverse momentum. This talk summarizes ATLAS searches for diboson resonances including at least one h boson in the final state and searches for resonant and non-resonant di-Higgs production with LHC Run 2 data.

  2. Relaxation of nonthermal hh and lh excitons in ZnSe quantum wells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kalt, H.; Hoffmann, J.; Umlauff, M.

    1998-01-01

    The strong exciton-LO phonon coupling in ZnSe QWs gives a direct access to the relaxation dynamics of nonthermal, free heavy-hole and light-hole excitons. Narrow hot-exciton distributions can be generated by LO-phonon assisted exciton formation. The thermalization of these excitons is monitored b...

  3. Voltammetric Perspectives on the Acidity Scale and H+/H2 Process in Ionic Liquid Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentley, Cameron L; Bond, Alan M; Zhang, Jie

    2018-03-19

    Nonhaloaluminate ionic liquids (ILs) have received considerable attention as alternatives to molecular solvents in diverse applications spanning the fields of physical, chemical, and biological science. One important and often overlooked aspect of the implementation of these designer solvents is how the properties of the IL formulation affect (electro)chemical reactivity. This aspect is emphasized herein, where recent (voltammetric) studies on the energetics of proton (H + ) transfer and electrode reaction mechanisms of the H + H 2 process in IL media are highlighted and discussed. The energetics of proton transfer, quantified using the pK 3 a (minus logarithm of acidity equilibrium constant, K a ) formalism, is strongly governed by the constituent IL anion, and to a lesser extent, the IL cation. The H + /H 2 process, a model inner-sphere reaction, also displays electrochemical characteristics that are strongly IL-dependent. Overall, these studies highlight the need to carry out systematic investigations to resolve IL structure and function relationships in order to realize the potential of these diverse and versatile solvents. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry Volume 11 is June 12, 2018. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

  4. Status and perspectives at the cyclotron IFIN-HH Bucharest for diagnostic and therapeutic radionuclides production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dudu, Dorin; Racolta, Petru Mihai

    2000-01-01

    All the radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine are produced artificially using either a nuclear reactor or a cyclotron. By attaching suitable chemical labels to the radioisotopes, radiopharmaceuticals are obtained, which can be made to seek a desired organ by taking part in the metabolic processes. When radiopharmaceuticals are injected into the human body and specifically taken up by an organ of choice, a lack of uptake, or delay in uptake, denotes loss of function in the organ. There are 297 operating research reactors listed in the 1994 IAEA reactor database and this number has been declining over the last ten years. Of these, only 20-25 reactors have the appropriate performance specifications, appropriate operating schedules and the motivation to support the regular 7-day and regular 4-week schedules required for production of nuclides. In numerical terms, it can be argued that there is a vast global over-capacity of neutrons and target positions, but, in practice, the availability of such irradiation positions is significantly compromised by the reactors' own schedules and maintenance shutdowns. This capacity position will be gradually eroded over the next ten years, as many research reactors reach an age beyond which they become economically viable as research tools, and government-based funding programs disappear. Although the majority of the radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine have been produced from research reactors for over 45 years and the methods are generally well established, several new initiatives and developments have occurred recently. One example is 103 Pd which is one of the few accelerator generated isotopes to be in common use for therapy, in this case as a short-lived isotope for permanent implant treatment of prostate cancer. Historically, 103 Pd used to be generated via the 102 Pd(n,γ) 103 Pd reaction which relied on the availability of 1% naturally abundant 102 Pd, in an enriched form and its moderately high neutron capture cross section. However this method would not produce sufficient amounts of this short-lived isotope, which needed a regular supply cycle of 2-4 weeks. So a new method was devised based on the reaction 103 Rh(p,n) 103 Pd. For this charged particle production route, it was necessary to convert an existing external beam 18 MeV PET cyclotron to high intensity internal target operation at the optimum reaction energy of 16-18 MeV. This was successfully achieved on the IBA Cyclone-18 machine by changing the ion source from negative ion to high intensity positive ion mode, increasing the RF power capability for acceleration and installing high intensity production targets on the outer peripheral orbit of the cyclotron for internal target operation. The 100% naturally occurring raw material - 103 Rh - proved an advantage, but the short radius of curvature of the cyclotron led to compromises between target length with lower power densities and increased glancing angle proton scattering at the target face

  5. Hh pathway expression in human gut tissues and in inflammatory gut diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nielsen, Corinne M.; Williams, Jerrell; van den Brink, Gijs R.; Lauwers, Gregory Y.; Roberts, Drucilla J.

    2004-01-01

    Sonic hedgehog (Shh) directs early gut patterning via epithelial-mesenchymal signaling and remains expressed in endoderm-derived tissues into the adult period. In human adult gut epithelium SHH/SHH expression is strongest in basal layers, which suggests that SHH may function in the maintenance of

  6. Analysis on origin of oscillation of H moment in high-energy hh collision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu Tao; Zhou Daicui

    2000-01-01

    Multiplicity distributions of negative binomial distribution (NBD) and modified (NBD are obtained from a birth process model with an immigration. The ratio of factorial cumulant moment to factorial moment, i.e., H moment is calculated from different multiplicity distributions of NBD, modified NBD and the three fireball model, which shows an oscillatory behavior when there is a truncation of multiplicity. The oscillation of H moment is related to the common character of the truncated multiplicity distributions

  7. Improved measurements of the two-body decays B → hh(h = K, π)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mohanty, Gagan

    2013-01-01

    We report improved measurements of the branching fractions and CP violation asymmetries for B → Kπ,ππ and K K decays based on the final data sample 772 million BB pairs collected with the Belle detector. We set a 90% confidence-level upper limit for B 0 →K + K; all other decays are observed with branching fraction ranging from 10 6 to 10 5

  8. Physics Perspectives for a Future Circular Collider: FCC-hh - Accelerator & Detectors

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    The lectures will briefly discuss the parameters of a Future Circular Collider, before addressing in detail the physics perspectives and the challenges for the experiments and detector systems. The main focus will be on ee and pp collisions, but opportunities for e—p physics will also be covered. The FCC physics perspectives will be presented with reference to the ongoing LHC programme, including the physics potential from future upgrades to the LHC in luminosity and possibly energy.

  9. Physics perspectives for a Future Circular Collider: FCC-hh/eh - Physics-Perspectives

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    The lectures will briefly discuss the parameters of a Future Circular Collider, before addressing in detail the physics perspectives and the challenges for the experiments and detector systems. The main focus will be on ee and pp collisions, but opportunities for e—p physics will also be covered. The FCC physics perspectives will be presented with reference to the ongoing LHC programme, including the physics potential from future upgrades to the LHC in luminosity and possibly energy.

  10. Measurement of time-integrated $D^0\\to hh$ asymmetries at LHCb

    CERN Document Server

    Marino, Pietro

    2016-01-01

    LHCb collected the world’s largest sample of charm decays during LHC Run I, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3fb$^{−1}$. This has permitted many precision measurements of charm mixing and CP violation parameters. One of the most precise and important observables is the so-called $\\Delta A_{CP}$ parameter, corresponding to the difference between the time-integrated CP asymmetry in singly Cabibbo-suppressed $D^{0} \\rightarrow K^{+}K^{-}$ and $D^{0} \\rightarrow \\pi^{+}\\pi{-}$ decay modes. The flavour of the $D^{0}$ meson is inferred from the charge of the pion in $D^{∗+} \\rightarrow D^{0}\\pi^{+}$ and $D^{∗−} \\rightarrow \\overline{D}^{0}\\pi^{-}$ decays. $\\Delta A_{CP} \\equiv A_{raw}(K^{+}K^{−})−A_{raw}(\\pi^{+}\\pi{−})$ is measured to be $\\Delta A_{CP}=(−0.10±0.08±0.03)$%, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The measurement is consistent with the no- CP -violation hypothesis and represents the most precise measurement of time-integrated CP asymmetry ...

  11. 76 FR 66855 - United States Savings Bonds, Series EE, HH and I

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... registration of definitive series EE savings bonds? * * * If the bond was purchased as a gift or award and the... registered form. * * * * * * * * (c) Registration of bonds purchased as gifts. If the bonds were purchased as... savings bonds? * * * If the bond was purchased as a gift or award and the owner's TIN is not known, the...

  12. ORION'S BAR: PHYSICAL CONDITIONS ACROSS THE DEFINITIVE H+/H0/H2 INTERFACE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pellegrini, E. W.; Baldwin, J. A.; Ferland, G. J.; Shaw, G.; Heathcote, S.

    2009-01-01

    Previous work has shown the Orion Bar to be an interface between ionized and molecular gas, viewed roughly edge-on, which is excited by the light from the Trapezium cluster. Much of the emission from any star-forming region will originate from such interfaces, so the Bar serves as a foundation test of any emission model. Here we combine X-ray, optical, infrared (IR), and radio data sets to derive emission spectra along the transition from H + to H 0 to H 2 regions. We then reproduce the spectra of these layers with a simulation that simultaneously accounts for the detailed microphysics of the gas, the grains, and molecules, especially H 2 and CO. The magnetic field, observed to be the dominant pressure in another region of the Orion Nebula, is treated as a free parameter, along with the density of cosmic rays. Our model successfully accounts for the optical, IR, and radio observations across the Bar by including a significant magnetic pressure and also heating by an excess density of cosmic rays, which we suggest is due to cosmic rays being trapped in the compressed magnetic field. In the Orion Bar, as we had previously found in M17, momentum carried by radiation and winds from the newly formed stars pushes back and compresses the surrounding gas. There is a rough balance between outward momentum in starlight and the total pressure in atomic and molecular gas surrounding the H + region. If the gas starts out with a weak magnetic field, the starlight from a newly formed cluster will push back the gas and compress the gas, magnetic field, and cosmic rays until magnetic pressure becomes an important factor.

  13. Hadron collective effects studies for the LHC and FCC-hh project

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2139927

    High intensity particle beams circulating in accelerators can be perturbed by the electromagnetic field created by the beam itself and the interaction with the surrounding environment. This perturbation can potentially drive the whole beam unstable and conduct to particle losses. The concepts of wakefield and impedance allow to study the electromagnetic interaction of the beam with its surroundings and are the starting point to perform numerical beam stability simulations. A way to study beam stability using an impedance model is to solve the Vlasov equation with a perturbative approach: the unstable modes developing in a beam are associated to the solution of an eigenvalue problem. In this work we will present the formalism used in the simulation code DELPHI (Discrete Expansion over Laguerre Polynomials and Headtail modes) that allows to extract the most unstable eigenmodes and the corresponding eigenvectors, directly comparable with the signal measurable with beam position monitors in the machine. We will p...

  14. HOME COST Pct Units by Rent as Pct of HH Income in 1999 NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  15. Electron capture and excitation processes in H+-H collisions in dense quantum plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakimovski, D.; Markovska, N.; Janev, R. K.

    2016-10-01

    Electron capture and excitation processes in proton-hydrogen atom collisions taking place in dense quantum plasmas are studied by employing the two-centre atomic orbital close-coupling (TC-AOCC) method. The Debye-Hückel cosine (DHC) potential is used to describe the plasma screening effects on the Coulomb interaction between charged particles. The properties of a hydrogen atom with DHC potential are investigated as a function of the screening strength of the potential. It is found that the decrease in binding energy of nl levels with increasing screening strength is considerably faster than in the case of the Debye-Hückel (DH) screening potential, appropriate for description of charged particle interactions in weakly coupled classical plasmas. This results in a reduction in the number of bound states in the DHC potential with respect to that in the DH potential for the same plasma screening strength, and is reflected in the dynamics of excitation and electron capture processes for the two screened potentials. The TC-AOCC cross sections for total and state-selective electron capture and excitation cross sections with the DHC potential are calculated for a number of representative screening strengths in the 1-300 keV energy range and compared with those for the DH and pure Coulomb potential. The total capture cross sections for a selected number of screening strengths are compared with the available results from classical trajectory Monte Carlo calculations.

  16. HOME COST Pct All OwnerOcc Units Costs as Pct 1999 HH Income NMHD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  17. Lorentz laser-assisted stripping (Lolas) for H-/H0 injection into proton drivers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gastaldi, Ugo

    2002-01-01

    We discuss the main components of schemes for Lorentz laser-assisted stripping (abbreviated Lolas henceforth) proposed for injection into proton driver accumulators: H- → H0 + e- Lorentz stripping, H0→H0(n) laser excitation, H0(n)→p+ + e- Lorentz stripping. We mention results obtained in practice of H- beam transport and storage and of experiments addressing physics of the H- ion, of the H0 atom and of vacuum, which prove the feasibility of each Lolas component. For high enough injection energies, it is feasible to split without losses the H0 beam sent towards the accumulator into a fraction stripped to p+s and stored inside the accumulator and a complementary fraction of H0s delivered to high duty-cycle users. The fraction of stored beam can exceed 50% with one single Fabry-Perot cavity used to enhance the laser power density. Aspects of Lolas integration and optimization are pointed out

  18. HOME COST Units by Rent as Pct of HH Income om 1999 NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  19. H.H. Meissner: H.P.F.du Preez and P.C. du Plessis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Optimal levels of crude (CP) and undegraded (UDP) dietary protein were studied in feeding systems based on whole maize fed free-choice and on complete mixed diets composed from by-products of the milling industry. On the whole maize free-choice system, animal performance was improved when more CP and UDP ...

  20. Time-dependent CP violation in $B^0_{(s)} \\to h^+h^-$ decays

    CERN Multimedia

    Fazzini, Davide

    2018-01-01

    The direct and mixing-induced CP-violating asymmetries in $B^0 \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $B_s \\to K^+ K^-$ decays have been measured using a sample of pp collisions collected by the LHCb experiment during the Run1 of the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{-1}$.The time-integrated CP asymmetries in $B^0 \\to K^+ \\pi^-$ and $B_s \\to \\pi^+ K^-$ decays have also been measured, using the same data sample.The measurements of the CP-violating asymmetries of the $B^0 \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$, $B_s \\to K^+\\pi^-$ and $B_s \\to \\pi^+K^-$ decays are the most precise from a single experiment. The measurements of the CP-violating asymmetries of the Bs->KK decays are compatible with the previous results from LHCb.

  1. Characterization of environmental radioactivity in the influence zone of IFIN-HH Bucharest, Magurele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garlea, C.; Garlea, I.; Kelerman, C.

    2000-01-01

    As a consequence of 40 years of nuclear related activities on the Bucharest Magurele site, the environment surrounding the area of the institute was significantly influenced. The main facilities acting as sources of radioactive pollution are inter alia the VVR-S research reactor, the U-120 cyclotron, the radioisotope production centre, the radioactive waste treatment plant, and spent fuel storage facility. In the framework of the IAEA Co-ordinated Research Project entitled 'Site characterization techniques used in environmental restoration activities', under research contract No.8735, methods for the characterization of radioactive contamination in the institute influence zone have been developed. The attention focused on the routes involved in radioactive waste and spent fuel management. Based on the environmental monitoring programme developed for the nuclear units on the site, the monitoring network was improved in area Reactor - Spent Fuel Storage - RWTP - railway station for shipping the drums to the national repository Baita-Bihor, an area with elevated radiological risks. Additionally, the work has been extended to the temporary radioactive waste storage at the former Magurele military fort, which is now partially decommissioned. The paper presents techniques, methods and instrumentation used for the radiological characterization of the site Magurele and its influence area, during the period of 1995 - 1999, as well as the respective quality assurance (QA) procedures. The results of this radiological survey presented here will be used to define the environmental restoration programme of the zone. In addition the system for the information of the public developed in this project is discussed. (author)

  2. Research activities in the Radioactive Waste Management Department of IFIN-HH, Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragolici, F.; Lungu, L.; Nicu, M.; Rotarescu, Gh. C. Turcanu

    2001-01-01

    The research activities developed in the frame of Radioactive Waste Management Department are focused on processing low activity liquid wastes obtained from chemical precipitation and their conditioning. In cementation procedure, the chemical composition and the mixing proportion of the sludge and concentrates affects both the cement components hydrolysis and the reactions of the metastable hydrating components, as well as, the mechanical and chemical withstand of the solidified cement matrix. Generally, the study of the precipitation products as well as of their behavior during cementation and long term disposal is extremely difficult due to the system complexity (composition and structure of the phases) and to the lack of non-destructive analytical methods. For a detailed characterization of the precipitates and cemented matrices a study was carried out concerning the X-ray diffraction method application (as a complementary method to the Moessbauer spectroscopy). The following systems were considered: - Fe precipitates obtained from low-level radioactive waste processing; - structure modification determined by the foreign cations in Fe oxo-hydroxides; precipitation processes with alternate or simultaneous presence of bi- and tri-valent Fe ions; - the influence of precipitation procedure upon decontamination factors; - dried and hydrated cement systems; - cementing the sludge chemical components; - the influence of organic complexation agents upon the structure and performances of cemented matrices; - the influence of mineral additives upon the concrete; - cemented waste stability in real and simulated disposal conditions. The Moessbauer investigation on ferrous species obtained by precipitation system showed that the Fe compound obtained by the rapid neutralization (as the case is of aqueous radioactive waste processing) have a structure slightly different as compared with the Fe oxo-hydroxides prepared by slow addition of reactants. Also, studies were conducted to establish the maximum level of several decontaminant concentrations such as citric, tartaric, oxalic acids, ammonia oxalate and sodium citrate which can be present in the cement conditioning matrix

  3. HOME COST Mortgaged Units by Costs as Pct 1999 HH Income NMHD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  4. HOME COST Pct Mortgaged Units by Costs as Pct 1999 HH Income NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  5. HOME COST All Owner Occ Units by Costs as Pct 1999 HH Income NMSD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  6. HOME COST All Owner Occ Units by Costs as Pct 1999 HH Income NMHD 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The 2006 Second Edition TIGER/Line files are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the Census TIGER database. The geographic coverage...

  7. Activation of Hh Signaling: A Critical Biological Consequence of ETS Gene Anomalies in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Mian BM. Hedgehog Signaling Pathway Activation in Bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC). J Urol., 2010, 184(1):344-351. PMID: 20488474 3...Tanner MJ, Welliver RC Jr, Chen M, Shtutman M, Godoy A, Smith G, Mian BM, Buttyan R. Effects of Androgen Receptor and Androgen on Gene Expression in...activities. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2012, 109(34):13799-804. PMID: 22869755 Manuscripts in Preparation 1. Chen M* (co-first author), Li N*, Carkner

  8. Resolving the shocked gas in HH54 with Herschel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerkeli, P.; Liseau, R.; Brinch, C.

    2014-01-01

    Context. The HH 54 shock is a Herbig-Haro object, located in the nearby Chamaeleon II cloud. Observed CO line profiles are due to a complex distribution in density, temperature, velocity, and geometry. Aims. Resolving the HH 54 shock wave in the far-infrared (FIR) cooling lines of CO constrain...

  9. On the properties of torsions in Riemann-Cartan space-times

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baker, W.M.; Atkins, W.K.; Davis, W.R.

    1978-01-01

    This paper is the first paper in a series of three papers dealing with the physical properties of torsions in Riemann-Cartan space-times (U 4 ). Paper one deals with the particular types of torsion that can be associated with the U 4 reinterpretation of a special class of null electromagnetic solutions of the standard form of Einstein's equations. In particular, for plane null electromagnetic solutions, three types of torsion solutions are associated with this type of reinterpretation. Two of these solutions, the trivector and semi-symmetric torsions, although rather special, serve as examples of what could be done to find the associated torsions in terms of simple requirements on identities in U 4 . The third class is obtained by relating the contorsion to the Lanczos ''spin'' tensor. Paper two, dealing with gravitational radiation, provides the proper background relating to the physical significance of the Lanczos tensor. This series of papers is primarily concerned with the question of the possible physical role of all types of torsion, compatible with an extension or an U 4 reinterpretation of Einstein's theory, consistent with the broadest possible interpretation of the present form of the Einstein-Cartan-Sciama-Kibble theory. However, in paper three some consideration will be given on theories with simpler metrical generalizations of U 4 and the related types of torsion. We emphasize that the content of paper one and two should be viewed mainly as special formal results that introduce the more general considerations of paper three

  10. Topological invariants and the dynamics of an axial vector torsion field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Drechsler, W.

    1983-01-01

    A generalized throry of gravitation is discussed which is based on a Riemann-Cartan space-time, U 4 , with an axial vector torsion field. Besides Einstein's equations determining the metric of the U 4 a system of nonlinear field equations is established coupling an axial vector source current to the axial vector torsion field. The properties of the solutions of these equations are discussed assuming a London-type condition relating the axial current and torsion field. To characterize the solutions use is made of the Euler and Pontrjagin forms and the associated quadratic curvature invariants for the U 4 space-time. It is found that there exists for a Riemann-Cartan space-time a relation between the zeros of the axial vector torsion field and the singularities of the Pontrjagin invariant, which is analogous to the well-known Hopf relation between the zeros of vector fields and the Euler characteristic. (author)

  11. Investigations on cesium uranates and related compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Egmond, A.B. van

    1976-01-01

    Crystal structures of cesium uranate are determined mainly by X-ray diffraction techniques. From phase studies it is concluded that of the Cs-U-O system, Cs 2 U 4 O 12 will play a prominent role in fuel elements of fast reactors due to fission product-fuel reactions causing swelling of the fuel and fuel-element failure. Crystal structures and lattice parameters are determined from Cs 2 U 4 O 12 , Cs 2 U 4 O 13 , Cs 2 U 5 O 16 , Cs 4 U 5 O 17 , Cs 2 U 7 O 22 , Cs 2 U 15 O 46 , Cs 2 UO 4 and Cs 2 U 2 O 7 . Finally some crystal structures of potassium and rubidium uranates are measured and a comparison of all available data on alkali uranates is made

  12. XPS characterization of the anodic oxide film formed on uranium metal in sodium hydroxide solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fu Xiaoguo; Wang Xiaolin; Guo Huanjun; Wang Qingfu; Zhao Zhengping; Zhong Yongqiang

    2002-01-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is used to examine the anodic oxide film formed on uranium metal in 0.8 mol/L NaOH solution. The U4f 7/2 fitting spectra suggests that the anodic oxide film is composed of uranium trioxide and a small amount of UO 2+x . Under UHV condition, the U4f peak shifts to the lower binding energy, while a gradual increase in the intensity of U5f peak and the broad of U4f peak are also observed. All of these changes are due to reduction of uranium trioxide in the anodic oxide film. XPS quantitative analysis confirms the occurrence of reduction reaction

  13. General relativity with spin and torsion: Foundations and prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hehl, F.W.; von der Heyde, P.; Kerlick, G.D.; Nester, J.M.

    1976-01-01

    A generalization of Einstein's gravitational theory is discussed in which the spin of matter as well as its mass plays a dynamical role. The spin of matter couples to a non-Riemannian structure in space-time, Cartan's torsion tensor. The theory which emerges from taking this coupling into account, the U 4 theory of gravitation, predicts, in addition to the usual infinite-range gravitational interaction mediated by the metric field, a new, very weak, spin contact interaction of gravitational origin. We summarize here all the available theoretical evidence that argues for admitting spin and torsion into a relativistic gravitational theory. Not least among this evidence is the demonstration that the U 4 theory arises as a local gauge theory for the Poincare group in space-time. The deviations of the U 4 theory from standard general relativity are estimated, and the prospects for further theoretical development are assessed

  14. Kinematics and thermodynamics across a propagating non-stoichiometric oxidation phase front in spent fuel grains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stout, R.B.; Kansa, E.J.; Wijesinghe, A.M.

    1993-09-01

    Spent fuel contains mixtures, alloy and compound, but are dominated by U and O except for some UO 2 fuels with burnable poisons (gadolinia in BWR rods), the other elements evolve during reactor operation from neutron reaction and fission + fission decay events. Due to decay, chemical composition and activity of spent fuel will continue to evolve after removal from reactors. During the time interval with significant radioactivity levels relevant for a geological repository, it is important to develop models for potential chemical responses in spent fuel and potential degradation of repository. One such potential impact is the oxidation of spent fuel, which results in initial phase change of UO 2 lattice to U 4 O 9 and the next phase change is probably to U 3 O 8 although it has not been observed yet below 200C. The U 4 O 9 lattice is nonstoichiometric with a O/U weight ratio at 2.4. Preliminary indications are that the UO 2 has a O/U of 2. 4 at the time just before it transforms into the U 4 O 9 phase. In the oxygen weight gain versus time response, a plateau appears as the O/U approaches 2.4. Part of this plateau is due to geometrical effects of a U 4 O 9 phase change front propagating into UO 2 grain volumes; however, this may indicate a metastable phase change delay kinetics or a diffusional related delay time until the oxygen density can satisfy stoichiometry and energy conditions for phase changes. Experimental data show a front of U 4 O 9 lattice structure propagating into grains of the UO 2 lattice. To describe this spatially inhomogenous oxidation phase transition, as well as the expected U 3 O 8 phase transition from the U 4 O 9 lattice, lattice models are developed and spatially discontinuous kinematic and energetic expressions are derived. 9 refs

  15. Photochemical technique for reduction of uranium and subsequently plutonium in the Purex process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goldstein, M.; Barker, J.J.; Gangwer, T.

    1976-09-01

    A photochemical modification of the Purex process is described in which a purified side stream of UO 2 ++ ion is reduced to U +4 outside the radioactive area of the reprocessing plant. The U +4 is then cycled back to step 2 of the Purex process to reduce the plutonium and effect separation within the partitioning column. This process is shown to be very energy efficient and compatible with existing conventional lamp technology. Preliminary cost estimates of the energy requirements for photon production are essentially negligible. Conceptual systems and photochemical reactor designs are presented. Potential benefits of this system are discussed

  16. Proceedings of the DOD (Department of Defense) Standardization and Data Management Conference Supporting the Acquisition Process Held in Linthicum, Maryland on August 22-24, 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    of markets to U.S. firms, such as when foreign competitors are producing competing products in non-metric units." The Production Manager for Textron...rz1 >4 E-4rzl4 * VJCI) H Ucg W U) U) O HU) 0U VL) P~U OH H 1z1 u1U)4 z~> ~ z E-4 -4 W ) 13 lidH to 1 - U)- >4 E- QW Z-D4 0 04 VIT-9 A Metric America - A...INCREASINGLY COMPETITIVE EUROPEAN MARKET PLACE. HOWEVER, WITH THE GOVERNMENT’S "NEW WAY" OF DOING BUSINESS - -" WITH CORPORATE * CONTRIBUTION AND INCREASED

  17. The Allocation of Runway Slots by Auction. Volume II. The Airline Management Game and Slot Auction Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-15

    fg-49 43IOAA OAAA C Wh. ~ ~A~Pq#~ftC.~I-uwqwC - IC ACAOW A -W9Wftfit-ACAA An -3- ACCA AW CAA ~AA 󈨤’ 2 6A4 0-A I A &U4UU a .~U.d9 AM £U4Cu 0 ~ 6 64...04 3 a-god ~ 3 -5 400 5- a . .. . . 95 %:, P7 OV: im S b z ;Iwos Sues- .’ a U * ~ ~ ~ : ; 060!4 S-~ . :~: a w 60 4b6 66 U1 16603044 OOOOO amo BUSfn~m

  18. Supersymmetry for nuclear cluster systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Levai, G.; Cseh, J.; Van Isacker, P.

    2001-01-01

    A supersymmetry scheme is proposed for nuclear cluster systems. The bosonic sector of the superalgebra describes the relative motion of the clusters, while its fermionic sector is associated with their internal structure. An example of core+α configurations is discussed in which the core is a p-shell nucleus and the underlying superalgebra is U(4/12). The α-cluster states of the nuclei 20 Ne and 19 F are analysed and correlations between their spectra, electric quadrupole transitions, and one-nucleon transfer reactions are interpreted in terms of U(4/12) supersymmetry. (author)

  19. Center for Seismic Studies Final Technical Report, October 1992 through October 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-07

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION 20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT OF REPORT OF THIS PAGE OF ABSTRACT...Upper limit of depth error as a function of mb for estimates based on P and S waves for three netowrks : GSETr-2, ALPHA, and ALPHA + a 50 station...U 4A 4 U 4S as 1 I I I Figure 42: Upper limit of depth error as a function of mb for estimatesbased on P and S waves for three netowrk : GSETT-2o ALPHA

  20. Proceedings for the Annual Environmental Quality R&D Symposium (13th) Held in Williamsburg, Virginia on 15-17 November 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    BETE FOCUS ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMAS . I HAVE EVERY CONFIDENCE IN MAJOR GENERAL OFFRINGA AND AM PLEASED THAT HE IS THE ASSISTANT CHIEF OF ENGINEERS...CONGRESSIONAL SCRUTINY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE’S ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS, WE HAVE TO CONTINUE TO WORK HARD TO ESTABLISH AND MAINTAIN CREDIBILITY...43 r_ $-S. C4 00 00Om 0 S-. 4 0043 00 43 4.1 -P- 41.a) r - np - - 4-)4-) u 4)U 4) U- uE 30 = 413= 4-) =O W=0.In= 4 MC 3 nC S-- >- 4) lie-l 4-) 4.3 S.. u

  1. Rahvusküsimus Eesti vasakdemokraatlikus publitsistikas 1980ndate aastate lõpul - 1990ndate algul = Natsionalnõi vopross v estonskoi "levo-demokratitsheskoi" publitsistike kontsa 1980-hh - natshala 1990-hh gg / Igor Rosenfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenfeld, Igor

    2004-01-01

    Ülevaade rahvusküsimuse vasakdemokraatliku kontseptsiooni kajastamisest vabariiklikes venekeelsetes ajalehtedes perestroika erinevatel etappidel, "uuendatud föderatsioonist", NSV Liidu lagunemise põhjustest

  2. Prospects for $D^{0} \\rightarrow h^+h^- \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ $(h=K,\\pi)$ decays at LHCb

    CERN Multimedia

    Mitzel, Dominik Stefan

    2017-01-01

    This poster presents the current experimental status and prospects for the search of rare four-body charm decays with final states consisting of two oppositely charged kaons or pions and two oppositely charged muons at LHCb.

  3. Correlation Between Hedgehog (Hh) Protein Family and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halepoto, Dost Muhammad; Bashir, Shahid; Zeina, Rana; Al-Ayadhi, Laila Y

    2015-12-01

    To determine the correlation of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Indian Hedgehog (IHH), and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). An observational, comparative study. Autism Research and Treatment Center, Al-Amodi Autism Research Chair, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2011 to May 2012. Serum levels of SHH, IHH and BDNF were determined in recently diagnosed autistic patients and age-matched healthy children (n=25), using the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was used for the assessment of autistic severity. Spearman correlation co-efficient 'r' was determined. The serum levels of IHH and SHH were significantly higher in autistic subjects than those of control subjects. There was significant correlation between age and IHH (r = 0.176, p = 0.03), BDNF and severe IHH (r = 0.1763, p = 0.003), and severe BDNF and severe SHH (r = 0.143, p autism.

  4. Dietary supplementation with aromatic amino acids increases protein synthesis in children wHh severe acute malnutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Although 2 earlier studies reported that aromatic amino acid (AAA) supplementation of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) improved whole-body protein anabolism during the early postadmission (maintenance) phase of rehabilitation, it is not known whether this positive effect was maintained ...

  5. Doppler broadening measurements of positron annihilation spectroscopy using a 22 Na source made in IFIN-HH Bucharest

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Racolta, P.M.; Craciun, L.; Plostinaru, D.; Catana, D.; Muresan, O.; Serban, A.

    2003-01-01

    The Doppler-broadening technique requires an energy-dispersive system. Compared with the angular correlation technique, a compact and relatively simple setup is possible and, thus spectrometers are used in almost all positron laboratories. The energy broadening of the annihilation line is measured by a high-resolution energy-dispersive detector system. The paper describes the principia of this method, experimental arrangement used, and data treatment. (authors)

  6. Pressure Profile in the experimental area of FCC-hh and FCC-ee calculated by an analytical code

    CERN Multimedia

    Aichinger, Ida

    2017-01-01

    Ultra high vacuum in the beam pipe is a basic requirement for the Future Circular Colliders (FCC). The dimension of the FCC and the high energy of the particles will make this requirement challenging. Simulations that predict the vacuum quality due to material and beam induced effects will allow to evaluate different designs and to choose an optimal solution. The mathematical model behind the simulations will be shown. Four coupled differential equations describe the mass conservation of the residual gas particles in the beam pipe. The sinks include all kind of distributed and local pumping. The sources are caused by synchrotron radiation, electron clouds, thermal outgassing and ion-induced desorption. The equation system is solved by an analytical method. This requires a transformation to first order equations for which a general valid solution exists. Adding a particular solution and the inclusion of appropriate boundary conditions define the solution function. The big advantage here is that an analytical...

  7. Vibration Characterization and Health Risk Assessment of the Vermont Army National Guard UH-72 Lakota and HH-60M MEDEVAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    Effectiveness Directorate (711 HPW/RH) that describes the roles and responsibilities associated with this activity. The occupational health nurse at...Region-North, with permission from the NGB, contacted the AIPH Ergonomics Program to discuss the measurement of whole-body vibration on the aircrew at...Discomfort, and Ergonomic Issues in High Speed Vessels, Aircraft, and Land Vehicles (AHWG), to formalize and expand the limited database of military-relevant

  8. Effects of H-H interactions on the heat of H absorption by β and delta Zr hydrides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ohta, Yutaka; Mabuchi, Mahito; Naito, Shizuo; Hashino, Tomoyasu

    1987-01-01

    The heat of H absorption by β and delta Zr hydrides has been measured by isoperibol calorimetry over the range of H concentration 0.1 - 1.6 H/Zr at temperatures 873-1273 K. In the β hydride the heat per H atom (differential heat) increases and then decreases as the H concentration increases. In the delta hydride only a decrease at large H concentrations is clearly observed. The increase in the β hydride is related by self-consistent calculations to a pair indirect interaction between H atoms; the decreases in the β and delta hydrides are due to a pair direct interaction which is of the form of a screened Coulomb potential. The differential heat is estimated from the pair indirect and direct interactions by the use of Monte Carlo simulations and compared with the measured differential heat. (author)

  9. Long Term Behaviour Evaluation of Cement Conditioning Matrices Used for Management of Radioactive Wastes at IFIN-HH

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragolici, F.

    2013-01-01

    The mechanical and structural characterization of the radioactive waste conditioning matrix is very important during the final disposal stage in the radioactive waste management cycle. The conditioning products should be a monolith with acceptable mechanical, chemical and physical properties that are maintained over an appropriate time such that the release of radioactivity from the waste form in the environment is minimized. The aim of this work is the XRD application for the phase identification of matrix that simulates the conditioned radioactive waste and the correlation with mechanical performance. The selected matrices for the study are normal cement with iron precipitates (hydroxide and phosphate), mineral additives (bentonite and volcanic tuff) and complexing agents (tartaric, citric and oxalic acids). The results obtained by this analysis give information about the chemical reactions between the radioactive precipitates and the hydrates, hydrolysis products of the cement. (author)

  10. Expectations in multi-particle production in hh collisions in the TeV energy region. Full phase space

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giovannini, A.

    1999-01-01

    First results of our programme of investigation of final charged particles multiplicity distributions properties in the TeV region and related correlation structure in hadron hadron collisions in full phase space, in rapidity and in transverse momentum intervals, are discussed. Attention is limited here to full phase space only-Huge (mini-)jets production is the main expectation in all examined scenarios. (author)

  11. Formation of H(2s) atoms by excitation in 10-100 keV H+-H collisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Higgins, D.P.; Geddes, J.; Gilbody, H.B.

    1996-01-01

    Cross sections for 2s excitation of H atoms in 10-100 keV H + -H collisions have been determined using a modulated crossed-beam technique. The measurements have been based on observations of the Lyman alpha radiation emitted during electric-field-induced decay of the metastable H(2s) collision products. The results extend the range of the 5-26 keV cross sections measured by Morgan and co-workers to intermediate energies where theoretical predictions based on close-coupling methods are known to be strongly dependent on the choice of the expansion basis. The present cross sections pass through a broad maximum at about 40 keV. Over the range 5-100 keV the available experimental data exhibit an undulatory structure similar to that predicted by some close-coupling calculations but good quantitative agreement is very limited. Close-coupling calculations which employ large basis sets and include a large number of projectile states at the expense of target states are shown to agree less satisfactorily with experiment than those which include only the dominant 1s capture projectile channel. (Author)

  12. Correlation between hedgehog (hh) protein family and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (bdnf) in autism spectrum disorder (asd)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Halepoto, D.M.; Bashir, S.

    2015-01-01

    To determine the correlation of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Indian Hedgehog (IHH), and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Study Design: An observational, comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Autism Research and Treatment Center, Al-Amodi Autism Research Chair, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2011 to May 2012. Methodology: Serum levels of SHH, IHH and BDNF were determined in recently diagnosed autistic patients and age matched healthy children (n=25), using the Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was used for the assessment of autistic severity. Spearman correlation co-efficient-r was determined. Results: The serum levels of IHH and SHH were significantly higher in autistic subjects than those of control subjects. There was significant correlation between age and IHH (r = 0.176, p = 0.03), BDNF and severe IHH (r = 0.1763, p = 0.003), and severe BDNF and severe SHH (r = 0.143, p < 0.001). However, there were no significant relationships among the serum levels of SHH, IHH and BDNF and the CARS score, age or gender. Conclusion: The findings support a correlation between SHH, IHH and BDNF in autistic children, suggesting their pathological role in autism. (author)

  13. CAL3JHH: a Java program to calculate the vicinal coupling constants (3J H,H) of organic molecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Valderrama, Alonso; Dobado, José A

    2008-12-01

    Here, we present a free web-accessible application, developed in the JAVA programming language for the calculation of vicinal coupling constant (3J(H,H)) of organic molecules with the H-Csp3-Csp3-H fragment. This JAVA applet is oriented to assist chemists in structural and conformational analyses, allowing the user to calculate the averaged 3J(H,H) values among conformers, according to its Boltzmann populations. Thus, the CAL3JHH program uses the Haasnoot-Leeuw-Altona equation, and, by reading the molecule geometry from a protein data bank (PDB) file format or from multiple pdb files, automatically detects all the coupled hydrogens, evaluating the data needed for this equation. Moreover, a "Graphical viewer" menu allows the display of the results on the 3D molecule structure, as well as the plotting of the Newman projection for the couplings.

  14. Study of the WWR-S IFIN-HH reactor main components stare, after 40 years working, using nondestructive methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragolici, A. C.; Zorliu, A.; Ripeanu, R.; Petran, C.; Mincu, I.

    2000-01-01

    The main goal of these investigations was to establish the security level after 40 years of working of the WWR-S research reactor of Horia Hulubei National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele. The purpose of these investigations was: checking the functionality and the physical integrity of the main components of the reactor. The physical integrity of the components is usually affected by slow processes, such as: corrosion, erosion, aging, deformations and initially hidden flaws with very slow evolutions. The methods used to determine the effects of these processes and to infer conclusions about the physical integrity of the facility are: visualizations by optical means (endoscopy and video camera), examination using ultrasounds and gammagraphy. The objective of the endoscopic checking was the view of the state of interior surfaces of the tubes and pipes, specially the inaccessible areas of the non-dismantling parts of the reactor. Big size components, such as reactor vessel, the biologic protection vessel and the main large diameter pipes of the primary cooling system, were investigated using a special device that contains a video camera connected to a PC. To obtain more information regarding the evolution of the corrosion spots, scratches and harmed areas on the investigated surfaces, their depth was checked by ultrasounds, and the welding seams structure was determined by gammagraphy. A table is given with some significant results obtained from ultrasound measurements in different points of reactor vessel, thermal column, horizontal tubes, etc. After these tests, the conclusions are: the maximum corrosion depth is 0.2 mm; - scratches are superficially, not exceeding 0.2-0.5 mm; - the traces of harmed areas are produced by the electromagnetic device utilization used for manipulation of aluminium capsules which contain irradiated substances. They are superficial, with maximum area of about 1 cm 2 ; the differences between the initial thickness and the measured one, does not exceed 1,5%; - it was not observed cracks and inclusions in the studied welding seams, the corrosion being insignificant. The results of the studies presented above, show that after a time period of 40 years of working, the main parts of nuclear research reactor are in good state, and major evoluative phenomena were not observed. (authors)

  15. Evaluation of neutron irradiation embrittlement in the Korean reactor pressure vessel steels (Final Report)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, J. H.; Lee, B. S.; Chi, S. H.; Kim, J. H.; Oh, Y. J.; Yoon, J. H.; Kwon, S. C.; Park, D. G.; Kang, Y. H.; Choo, K. N.; Oh, J. M.; Park, S. J.; Kim, B. K.; Shin, Y. T.; Cho, M. S.; Sohn, J. M.; Kim, D. S.; Choo, Y. S.; Ahn, S. B.; Oh, W. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea)

    2001-05-01

    Reactor pressure vessel materials, which were produced by a domestic company, Doosan Heavy Industries and construction Co., Ltd., have been evaluated using the neutron irradiation facility HANARO. For this evaluation, instrumented capsules were used for neutron irradiation of various kinds of specimens made of different heats of steels, which are VCD(Y4), VCD+Al(U4), Si+Al(Y5), U4 weld metal, and U4 HAZ, respectively. The fast neutron fluence levels ranged 1 to 5 (x10{sup 19} n/cm{sup 2}, E>1MeV) depending on the specimens and the irradiation temperature was controlled within 290{+-}10 deg C. The test results showed that, in the ranking of the material properties of the base metals, both before and after neutron irradiation, Y5 is the best, U4 the next and Y4 the last. Y4 showed a substantial change by neutron irradiation as well as the properties was worse than others in the unirradiated state. However, Y5, which showed the best properties in unirradiated state, was also the best in the resistance for irradiation embrittlement and one can hardly detect the property change after irradiation. The weldment showed a reasonably good resistance to irradiation embrittlement while the unirradiated properties were worse than base metals. The RPV steels are all expected to meet the screening criteria of the USNRC codes and regulations during the end of plant life. 39 refs., 42 figs., 27 tabs. (Author)

  16. 78 FR 4506 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-22

    ... submitting a single form, fingerprint card and a combined payment of fees to FINRA. Through the CRD system... Forms U4 and U5. As such, the Exchange is adopting the identical fee for FINRA's review of a Form BD... fingerprints submitted electronically to FINRA, plus any other charge that may be imposed by the U.S...

  17. Reference: 693 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 693 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18036201i Garcia Mar...nzyme MurE has an essential role in chloroplast development. 6 924-34 18036201 2008 Mar The Plant journal Garcia

  18. Phenotype-gene: 509 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 509 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1506i lethal (sensu gen...ant J. 42(5):720-30. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15918885i lethal (sensu genet

  19. Phenotype-gene: 743 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 743 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u919i abnormal for trait of behavior...a224i/cria224u4ria224u17376810i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ

  20. Phenotype-gene: 741 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 741 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u917i abnormal for trait of behavior...ria224u4ria224u15986216i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ named

  1. Phenotype-gene: 747 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 747 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u923i abnormal for trait of behavior...4i/cria224u4ria224u12837954i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ na

  2. Phenotype-gene: 754 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 754 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u930i abnormal for trait of behavior..._ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17139246i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in or

  3. Phenotype-gene: 753 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 753 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u929i abnormal for trait of behavior...tadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12694594i abnormal for trait of behavior

  4. Phenotype-gene: 755 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 755 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u931i abnormal for trait of behavior...ria224u4ria224u17148695i abnormal for trait of behavioral quality in organ named

  5. Installation Restoration Program. Phase 1. Records Search, Hazardous Materials Disposal Sites, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    hikers, skiers and snowmobilers. 1960TH COMMUNICATIONS SQUADRON Mission: Provides operation and maintenance of common-user communications facilities for...public and private records, interviews with knowledgeable parties and site visits. G- 1 -- 1 a)0 o4 i.) U ~ -0 w0.u 4-I (0 00) 0 4J -4 ).$4d 4.) 4-4 0 04

  6. Reference: 359 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 359 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16531491i Cnops Gerda...leaf development in Arabidopsis thaliana. 4 852-66 16531491 2006 Apr The Plant cell Azmi Abdelkrim|Cnops Gerda

  7. Phenotype-gene: 789 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 789 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u965i abnormal for trait of morph...-24. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15659634i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  8. Phenotype-gene: 776 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 776 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u952i abnormal for trait of morph...-22. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u19081078i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  9. Phenotype-gene: 767 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 767 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u943i abnormal for trait of morph...):627-37. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12699618i abnormal for trait of morpholo

  10. Phenotype-gene: 797 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 797 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u973i abnormal for trait of morph...):591-603. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16792691i abnormal for trait of morphol

  11. Phenotype-gene: 33 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 33 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1032i decreased density of chloroph...041-52. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17335513i decreased density of chlorophyll

  12. Phenotype-gene: 779 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 779 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u955i abnormal for trait of morph...2-93. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18591352i abnormal for trait of morphology i

  13. Phenotype-gene: 791 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 791 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u967i abnormal for trait of morph...):272-84. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16112663i abnormal for trait of morpholo

  14. Phenotype-gene: 798 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 798 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u974i abnormal for trait of morph...-66. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16531491i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  15. Phenotype-gene: 505 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 505 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1502i kinked for trait of morph...66. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16531491i kinked for trait of morphology in or

  16. Phenotype-gene: 558 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 558 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1555i non-functional ph...73-85. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16024589i non-functional phloem or xylem hi

  17. Phenotype-gene: 454 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available stance in response to organism biotroph for AT5G60600 Gil M Jos辿 et al. 2005 Oct. Plant J. 44(1):155-66. htt...p://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16167903i increased resistance in response to organism biotroph

  18. Phenotype-gene: 768 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 768 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u944i abnormal for trait of morph...p://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12750345i abnormal for trait of morphology in organ n

  19. Phenotype-gene: 499 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 499 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1496i insufficient for quantity of chloroph... 16(12):3400-12. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15539473i insufficient for quantity of chloroph

  20. Phenotype-gene: 790 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 790 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u966i abnormal for trait of morph...93. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18591352i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  1. Phenotype-gene: 795 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 795 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u971i abnormal for trait of morph...:353-66. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u14729919i abnormal for trait of morpholog

  2. Phenotype-gene: 792 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 792 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u968i abnormal for trait of morph...2):3548-63. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17189341i abnormal for trait of morpho

  3. Phenotype-gene: 399 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available rescence for quantity of chlorophyll for AT5G51545 Ma Jinfang et al. 2007 Jun. Plant Cell 19(6):1980-93. htt...p://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17601825i increased fluorescence for quantity of chloroph

  4. Phenotype-gene: 778 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 778 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u954i abnormal for trait of morph...:282-4. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16015335i abnormal for trait of morphology

  5. Phenotype-gene: 762 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 762 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u938i abnormal for trait of morph...:1467-81. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15829606i abnormal for trait of morpholo

  6. Phenotype-gene: 773 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 773 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u949i abnormal for trait of morph...-80. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16510519i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  7. Reference: 414 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 414 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16832621i Jayasekaran Kandakumar... 11 1255-62 16832621 2006 Nov Plant cell reports Jayasekaran Kandakumar|Kim Kyung-Nam|Ok Sung Han|Shin Jeong Sheop|Vivekanandan Munusamy

  8. Luminescence properties of tetravalent uranium in aqueous solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirishima, A.; Kimura, T.; Nagaishi, R.; Tochiyama, O.

    2004-01-01

    The luminescence spectra of U 4+ in aqueous solutions were observed in the UV-VIS region at ambient and liquid nitrogen temperatures. The excitation spectrum indicates that the luminescence is arising from the deexcitation of a 5f electron at the 1 S 0 level and no other emissions of U 4+ in aqueous solutions were detected for other f-f transitions. All the luminescence peaks were assigned to the transitions from 1 S 0 to lower 5f levels. To estimate the luminescence lifetime, luminescence decay curves were measured using time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. At room temperature, the decay curve indicated that the lifetime was shorter than 20 ns. On the other hand, the frozen sample of U 4+ in aqueous solution at liquid nitrogen temperature showed the same emission spectrum as at room temperature and its lifetime was 149 ns in H 2 O system and 198 ns in D 2 O system. The longer lifetime at liquid nitrogen temperature made it possible to measure the spectrum of U 4+ at the concentration as low as 10 -6 M. The difference in the anion species (ClO 4 - , Cl - , SO 4 2- ) affected the structure of the emission spectrum to some extent. (orig.)

  9. Reference: 177 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 177 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15722472i Al-Daoude ...lator of the plant disease resistance protein RPM1. 3 1016-28 15722472 2005 Mar The Plant cell Al-Daoude Antonious|Grant Murray|Ko Jong-Hyun|de Torres Zabala Marta

  10. Reference: 32 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 32 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12753583i Friesner Jo...0- and DNA ligase IV-deficient plants are sensitive to ionizing radiation and defective in T-DNA integration. 4 427-40 12753583 2003 May The Plant journal Britt Anne B|Friesner Joanna

  11. The Consequences of Employee Commitment, Turnover, and Absenteeism: An Exploratory Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    organizations create positions that have as their major responsibility replacing absent em- ployees. The job of utilityman on the automobile assembly line...Citv!FPO 78u4 52-883 30 May 19?,1 LIST 7 HRM ffficer in Charge Human Resource Management Detachment Naval Air Station Alameda, CA 94591 Officer in

  12. Reference: 751 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 751 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18390806i Sitaraman ...unctions during Arabidopsis embryo and floral development. 2 672-81 18390806 2008 Jun Plant physiology Bui Minh|Liu Zhongchi|Sitaraman Jayashree

  13. Transparency in Health Programmes

    OpenAIRE

    Vian, Taryn

    2008-01-01

    Transparency is an important tool for good governance, helping to expose abusive practices including fraud, patronage, corruption, and other abuses of power. Increasing transparency can also enhance accountability by providing performance management information and exposing policies and procedures to oversight. This U4 Brief discusses the role of transparency in preventing corruption in the health sector.

  14. Nitric acid titration in the presence of UO2(NO3)2, Th(NO3)4, U(NO3)4 or Zr(NO3)4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakashima, T.; Lieser, K.H.

    1986-01-01

    Procedures are described for titration of HNO 3 in presence of UO 2 2+ , Th 4+ , U 4+ and Zr 4+ without formation of interfering precipitates. In the first step the hydrolysable ions are masked by addition of complexing agents and in the second step the acid is titrated by NaOH as usual. (orig.)

  15. Phenotype-gene: 494 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 494 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1491i inpaired stomatal movement... http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12773379i inpaired stomatal movement in presence

  16. Electrochemical separation of uranium in the molten system LiF-NaF-KF-UF4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korenko, M.; Straka, M.; Szatmáry, L.; Ambrová, M.; Uhlíř, J.

    2013-09-01

    This article is focused on the electrochemical investigation (cyclic voltammetry and related studies) of possible reduction of U4+ ions to metal uranium in the molten system LiF-NaF-KF(eut.)-UF4 that can provide basis for the electrochemical extraction of uranium from molten salts. Two-step reduction mechanism for U4+ ions involving one electron exchange in soluble/soluble U4+/U3+ system and three electrons exchange in the second step were found on the nickel working electrode. Both steps were found to be reversible and diffusion controlled. Based on cyclic voltammetry, the diffusion coefficients of uranium ions at 530 °C were found to be D(U4+) = 1.64 × 10-5 cm2 s-1 and D(U3+) 1.76 × 10-5 cm2 s-1. Usage of the nickel spiral electrode for electrorefining of uranium showed fairly good feasibility of its extraction. However some oxidant present during the process of electrorefining caused that the solid deposits contained different uranium species such as UF3, UO2 and K3UO2F5.

  17. Kinematics and thermodynamics of non-stoichiometric oxidation phase transitions in spent fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stout, R.B.; Kansa, E.J.; Wijesinghe, A.M.

    1993-01-01

    At low temperatures ( 2 lattice to a U 4 O 9 lattice but with an oxygen-to-uranium (O/U) ratio of ∼2.4. Also, the weight gain time response has a plateau as the O/U approaches 2.4. Part of this response results from a geometrical dependency as a U 4 O 9 oxidation front propagates into grain volumes Of UO 2 It may also be indicative of a metastable, non-stoichiometric U 4 O 9 phase whose existence may inhibit the transition kinetics to the next expected phase Of U 3 O 8 . To gain a mechanistic understanding and to plan future oxidation tests, lattice kinematic and thermodynamic models are developed for lattice deformations and energetics of lattice phase changes (UO 2 → U 4 O 9 → U 3 0 7 → U 3 O 8) that include zeroth order influences on oxidation kinetics due to interstitial oxygen atoms and vacancies plus interstitial and substitutional actinides and fission decay products in spent fuel

  18. Phenotype-gene: 547 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available growth in environment of fertilized soil for AT5G40780 Hirner Axel et al. 2006 Aug. Plant Cell 18(8):1931-4...6. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16816136i non-functional growth in environment of fertilized soil

  19. Reference: 610 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 610 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17496122i Anand Ajit...7 May The Plant cell Anand Ajith|Citovsky Vitaly|Krichevsky Alexander|Lahaye Thomas|Mysore Kirankumar S|Schornack Sebastian|Tang Yuhong|Tzfira Tzvi

  20. Separation of uranium isotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Porter, J.T.

    1980-01-01

    Methods and apparatus are disclosed for separation of uranium isotopes by selective isotopic excitation of photochemically reactive uranyl salt source material at cryogenic temperatures, followed by chemical separation of selectively photochemically reduced U+4 thereby produced from remaining uranyl source material

  1. Demographic and Anthropometric Assessment of US Army Anthropometric Data Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    suggest that any projections for future demographic characterizations for the Army should be based on Army data and policy alone, and not on trends...decade in adults. 33 .7.-a , ... ,5 ,.W *.1n LU) I--4 cncd Cc 0 U) 4- 34 Military surveys, which are generally conducted on subjects either at or near the

  2. Reference: 612 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 612 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17513484i Feng Haizh...1531-45 17513484 2007 Jul Plant physiology Chen Qingguo|Feng Haizhong|Feng Jian|Yang Xiaohui|Zhang Jian|Zuo Jianru

  3. Reference: 759 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 759 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18434608i Guan Yue-Feng...s. 2 852-63 18434608 2008 Jun Plant physiology Gao Ju-Fang|Guan Yue-Feng|Huang Xue-Yong|Yang Zhong-Nan|Zhang Hong-Xia|Zhu Jun

  4. Reference: 378 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 378 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16640597i Guo Yongfeng... family transcription factor, has an important role in leaf senescence. 4 601-12 16640597 2006 May The Plant journal Gan Susheng|Guo Yongfeng

  5. Reference: 183 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 183 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15737939i Booker Jon...noid-derived branch-inhibiting hormone. 3 443-9 15737939 2005 Mar Developmental cell Booker Jonathan|Goddard

  6. Phenotype-gene: 475 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 475 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1472i increased sensitivity under influence...//metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17355438i increased sensitivity under influence of lead

  7. Phenotype-gene: 461 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 461 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1458i increased responsivity under influence...-66. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u14729919i increased responsivity under influence

  8. Phenotype-gene: 190 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 190 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1188i decreased responsivity under influence...:471-81. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18263776i decreased responsivity under influence

  9. Phenotype-gene: 196 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 196 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1194i decreased sensitivity under influence... http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17347412i decreased sensitivity under influence o

  10. Phenotype-gene: 455 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 455 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1452i increased resistance under influence...1853-60. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17293438i increased resistance under influence

  11. Phenotype-gene: 456 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 456 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1453i increased resistance under influence...80. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16540482i increased resistance under influence

  12. Phenotype-gene: 457 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 457 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1454i increased resistance under influence...http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15181201i increased resistance under influence of

  13. Phenotype-gene: 788 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 788 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u964i abnormal for trait of morph...9. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15316111i abnormal for trait of morphology in o

  14. Phenotype-gene: 775 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 775 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u951i abnormal for trait of morph...-22. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u19081078i abnormal for trait of morphology in

  15. Phenotype-gene: 400 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available rescence for quantity of chlorophyll for AT5G52110 Lyska Dagmar et al. 2007 Dec. Plant Cell Physiol. 48(12):...1737-46. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17971335i increased fluorescence for quantity of chloroph

  16. Reference: 163 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 163 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15660207i Kanter Ulr...saccharides. 2 243-54 15660207 2005 May Planta Guerineau Fran巽ois|Kanter Ulrike|Li Yong|Pauly Markus|Tenhaken Raimund|Usadel Bj旦rn

  17. Phenotype-gene: 376 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ciency during process named UV protection for AT2G31660 Zhao Jinfeng et al. 2007 Nov. Plant Cell 19(11):3805...-18. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17993626i increased efficiency during process named UV protection

  18. A Perspective on Research Challenges in Information Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    UNCLASSIFIED A Perspective on Research Challenges in Information Security Tamas Abraham, David Adie, Angela Billard, Paul Buckland, Michael Frangos ...Abstract (U) 4. AUTHORS Tamas Abraham, David Adie, Angela Billard, Paul Buckland, Michael Frangos , Ben Long, Mar- tin Lucas, Paul Montague, Dean Philp

  19. Reference: 322 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 322 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16407439i Konishi Mi...gene, ROOT PRIMORDIUM DEFECTIVE 1, is required for the maintenance of active cell proliferation. 2 591-602 16407439 2006 Feb Plant physiology Konishi Mineko|Sugiyama Munetaka

  20. Impact of the Tactical Picture Quality on the Fire Control Radar Search-Lock-On Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    theory terminology). It is required to grade the benefits from the different possible actions so that an optimal solution can be chosen. For instance, in...the fire control radar search-lock-on time (U) 4. AUTEURS (Nom de famille, prénom et initiales. Indiquer les grades militaires, ex.: Bleau, Maj

  1. Reference: 248 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 248 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16045474i Singh Sunil Kumar... the animal exostosins. 3 384-97 16045474 2005 Aug The Plant journal Eland Cathlene|Harholt Jesper|Marchant Alan|Scheller Henrik Vibe|Singh Sunil Kumar

  2. Two-Step Macrocycle Synthesis by Classical Ugi Reaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abdelraheem, Eman M M; Khaksar, Samad; Kurpiewska, Katarzyna; Kalinowska-Tłuścik, Justyna; Shaabani, Shabnam; Dömling, Alexander

    2018-01-01

    The direct nonpeptidic macrocycle synthesis of α-isocyano-ω-amines via the classical Ugi four-component reaction (U-4CR) is introduced. Herein an efficient and flexible two-step procedure to complex macrocycles is reported. In the first step, the reaction between unprotected diamines and

  3. Reference: 236 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 236 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15992545i Dharmasiri...5 Jul Developmental cell Dharmasiri Nihal|Dharmasiri Sunethra|Ehrismann Jasmin S|Estelle Mark|Hobbie Lawrence|J端rgens Gerd|Lechner Esther|Weijers Dolf|Yamada Masashi

  4. Reference: 691 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 691 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18024555i Watanabe Mutsu...ogy Fukushima Atsushi|Kusano Miyako|Noji Masaaki|Oikawa Akira|Saito Kazuki|Watanabe Mutsumi

  5. Reference: 696 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 696 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18047472i Harrison B...gravity signal transduction pathway in root statocytes. 2 380-92 18047472 2008 Jan The Plant journal Harrison Benjamin R|Masson Patrick H

  6. Surface and interface electronic structure: Sixth year activity report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kevan, S.D.

    1992-01-01

    Several productive runs were made on beamline U4A at NSLS. An upgrade of angle-resolved photoemission spectrometer was largely completed on the beamline. Progress was made on studies of surface states and reconstruction on Mo(001) and W(001), and of surface states and resonances on Pt(111)

  7. Reference: 239 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 239 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16015335i Bundock Paul et al. 2005 Jul. Natur...functions. An Arabidopsis hAT-like transposase is essential for plant development. 7048 282-4 16015335 2005 Jul Nature Bundock Paul|Hooykaas Paul

  8. Reference: 736 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 736 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18305482i Negi Juntaro et al. 2008 Mar. Natur...l. CO2 regulator SLAC1 and its homologues are essential for anion homeostasis in plant cells. 7186 483-6 18305482 2008 Mar Nature

  9. Reference: 590 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 590 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17450124i Caro Elena et al. 2007 May. Nature... to root epidermis patterning in Arabidopsis. 7141 213-7 17450124 2007 May Nature Caro Elena|Castellano M Mar|Gutierrez Crisanto

  10. Microsegregation and homogenization in U-Nb alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leal, J. Fernando; Nogueira, R.A.; Ambrozio Filho, F.

    1987-01-01

    Microsegregation results in U-4 w t% Nb alloys casted in nonconsumable electrode arc furnace are presented. The microsegregation is studied qualitatively by optical microscopy and quantitatively by electron microprobe. The degreee of homogenetization has been measured after 800 0 C heat treatments. The times required for homogeneization of the alloys are also discussed. (author) [pt

  11. Reference: 223 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 223 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15923347i Dohmann Es... cause the cop/det/fus mutant phenotype in Arabidopsis. 7 1967-78 15923347 2005 Jul The Plant cell Dohmann Esther M N|Kuhnle Carola|Schwechheimer Claus

  12. Lift Enhancement Using Close-Coupled Canard/Wing Vortex Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    8217M - 4U4 Richard M. Howard, Thesis Advisor Louis V. Schmidt, Second Reader E. Roberts Wood, Chairman Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics ii...Pope, Alan, Low-Speed Wind Tunnel Testing, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1984. 19. Raymer , Daniel P., Aircraft Design: a Conceptual Approach, AIAA, Inc

  13. N-Hydroxyimide Ugi Reaction toward α-Hydrazino Amides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chandgude, Ajay L; Dömling, Alexander

    2017-01-01

    The Ugi four-component reaction (U-4CR) with N-hydroxyimides as a novel carboxylic acid isostere has been reported. This reaction provides straightforward access to α-hydrazino amides. A broad range of aldehydes, amines, isocyanides and N-hydroxyimides were employed to give products in moderate to

  14. NEW BEDFORD, FINAL WETLAND STUDY REPORT (08/10/88 TRANSMITTAL LETTER IS ATTACHED), 06-01-1988, SDMS# 51717

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... U 4 i' Hilli,i! J4 . Diu'it.i: nJl:iut..i.on Heli-sri Waldorf ... 'I . i 1! . i! li;i:iv I nciiiiiniiji t iil^Ji::'!! ii.iii:| nia I ILIIIII; Fn-'/ i ciiiiii I ii\\ re ;; i: i (! ii t I ciiin.!! ...

  15. Reference: 282 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 282 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16214903i Kasahara Ryushiro...abidopsis. 11 2981-92 16214903 2005 Nov The Plant cell Drews Gary N|Kasahara Ryushiro D|Portereiko Michael F|Rabiger David S|Sandaklie-Nikolova Linda

  16. CryoEM structures of two spliceosomal complexes: starter and dessert at the spliceosome feast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Thi Hoang Duong; Galej, Wojciech P; Fica, Sebastian M; Lin, Pei-Chun; Newman, Andrew J; Nagai, Kiyoshi

    2016-02-01

    The spliceosome is formed on pre-mRNA substrates from five small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (U1, U2, U4/U6 and U5 snRNPs), and numerous non-snRNP factors. Saccharomyces cerevisiae U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP comprises U5 snRNA, U4/U6 snRNA duplex and approximately 30 proteins and represents a substantial part of the spliceosome before activation. Schizosaccharomyces pombe U2.U6.U5 spliceosomal complex is a post-catalytic intron lariat spliceosome containing U2 and U5 snRNPs, NTC (nineteen complex), NTC-related proteins (NTR), U6 snRNA, and an RNA intron lariat. Two recent papers describe near-complete atomic structures of these complexes based on cryoEM single-particle analysis. The U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP structure provides crucial insight into the activation mechanism of the spliceosome. The U2.U6.U5 complex reveals the striking architecture of NTC and NTR and important features of the group II intron-like catalytic RNA core remaining after spliced mRNA is released. These two structures greatly advance our understanding of the mechanism of pre-mRNA splicing. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  17. The crystal structure of ianthinite, [U24+(UO2)4O6(OH)4(H2O)4](H2O)5: a possible phase for Pu4+ incorporation during the oxidation of spent nuclear fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burns, P.C.; Hawthorne, F.C.; Miller, M.L.; Ewing, R.C.

    1997-01-01

    Ianthinite, [U 4+ 2 (UO 2 ) 4 O 6 (OH) 4 (H 2 O) 4 ](H 2O) 5 , is the only known uranyl oxide hydrate mineral that contains U 4+ , and it has been proposed that ianthinite may be an important Pu 4+ -bearing phase during the oxidative dissolution of spent nuclear fuel. The crystal structure of ianthinite, orthorhombic, a=0.7178(2), b=1.1473(2), c=3.039(1) nm, V=2.5027 nm 3 , Z=4, space group P2 1 cn, has been solved by direct methods and refined by least-squares methods to an R index of 9.7% and a wR index of 12.6% using 888 unique observed [ vertical stroke F vertical stroke ≥5σ vertical stroke F vertical stroke ] reflections. The structure contains both U 6+ and U 4+ . The U 6+ cations are present as roughly linear (U 6+ O 2 ) 2+ uranyl ions (Ur) that are in turn coordinated by five O 2- and OH - located at the equatorial positions of pentagonal bipyramids. The U 4+ cations are coordinated by O 2- , OH - and H 2 O in a distorted octahedral arrangement. The Urφ 5 and U 4+ φ 6 (φ: O 2- , OH - , H 2 O) polyhedra link by sharing edges to form two symmetrically distinct sheets at z∼0.0 and z∼0.25 that are parallel to (001). The sheets have the β-U 3 O 8 sheet anion-topology. There are five symmetrically distinct H 2 O groups located at z∼0.125 between the sheets of Uφ n polyhedra, and the sheets of Uφ n polyhedra are linked together only by hydrogen bonding to the intersheet H 2 O groups. The crystal-chemical requirements of U 4+ and Pu 4+ are very similar, suggesting that extensive Pu 4+ U 4+ substitution may occur within the sheets of Uφ n polyhedra in the structure of ianthinite. (orig.)

  18. Extended study on oxidation behaviors of UN0.68 and UN1.66 by XPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Lizhu; Hu, Yin; Pan, Qifa; Long, Zhong; Lu, Lei; Liu, Kezhao; Wang, Xiaolin

    2018-04-01

    The surface oxidation behaviors of UN0.68 and UN1.66 thin films are investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the traditional U4f/N1s, O1s, valence band spectra as well as the unconventional U4d and U5d spectra are collected for the understanding of their oxidation behavior in-depth. Similar asymmetrical peak shape of the U4f spectra to uranium is observed for both uranium nitrides, despite of a slight shift to higher energy side for UN1.66 clean surface. However, significant difference among the corresponding spectra of UN0.68 and UN1.66 during oxidation reveals the distinctive properties of each own. The coexistence of UO2-x, UO2 and UO2-x.Ny on UN0.68 surface results in the peculiar features of U4f spectra as well as the others within the XPS energy scale, where peaks of the oxidized species firstly shift to higher energy side compared to the clean surface, and then return closely towards those of stoichiometric UO2. For UN1.66, the generation of U-N-O ternary compounds on the surface is identified with the symmetrical U4f peaks at 379.9eV and 390.8 eV, which locate intermediate between UO2 and UN1.66, and gradually expanding to higher energy side during the progressive oxidation. Furthermore, the formation of N-O species on UN1.66 surface is also detected as an oxidation product. The metallic character of UN1.66 is identified by the intense signal at Fermi level, which is greatly suppressed by the increasing oxygen exposure and implies the weakening metallic properties of the as-generated U-N-O compounds. Higher uranium oxides, such as UO3 and U4O9, are deduced to be the final oxidation products, and a multistage mechanism for UN1.66 following the exposure to oxygen is discussed.

  19. Spliceosomal small nuclear RNAs of Tetrahymena thermophila and some possible snRNA-snRNA base-pairing interactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Orum, H; Nielsen, Henrik; Engberg, J

    1991-01-01

    We have identified and characterized the full set of spliceosomal small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs; U1, U2, U4, U5 and U6) from the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila. With the exception of U4 snRNA, the sizes of the T. thermophila snRNAs are closely similar to their metazoan homologues. The T....... thermophila snRNAs all have unique 5' ends, which start with an adenine residue. In contrast, with the exception of U6, their 3' ends show some size heterogeneity. The primary sequences of the T. thermophila snRNAs contain the sequence motifs shown, or proposed, to be of functional importance in other...

  20. [Study of ATP-independent stages of reaction catalyzed by phage T4 RNA-ligase].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagrebel'nyĭ, S N; Zernov, Iu P

    1986-01-01

    The isotope exchange between [5'-32P]pAP and A(5')ppAp catalyzed by enzyme was shown not to take place in the absence of the acceptor; i. e. the necessity of the acceptor presence during the second step of the process was demonstrated. The isotope exchange reaction between [5'32P]pAp and (pA)5p was studied. It was demonstrated that acceptor (pA)4, slightly whereas the acceptor (pU)4 completely inhibits the isotope reaction. The isotope reaction exchange between [5'-32P]pAp and (pU)4pAp does not take place. The question of existence of adenylated donor elimination mechanism in the presence of "poor" acceptors is considered on the basis of the data obtained.

  1. [Mechanism of reaction catalyzed by RNA-ligase from bacteriophage T4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagrebel'nyĭ, S N; Zernov, Iu P

    1987-01-01

    The dissociation constants of the complexes of RNA-ligase with acceptors, donors and the adenylylated donor A(5')ppAp have been determined on the basis of the inhibition of ATP-pyrophosphate exchange reaction. The dissociation constants of the complexes of the enzyme with "poor" acceptors (oligouridilates) have been shown to be slightly different from those with "good" acceptors (oligoadenylates). The dependence of the reaction velocity of the formation of ligation products on the concentration of acceptors (pA)4, (pU)4 and the adenylylated donor A(5)ppAp has been studied. On the basis of the data obtained the conclusion about the random addition mechanism has been drawn. The reaction takes place in the steady-state conditions in the case of (pA)4 and in the equilibrium conditions--in the case of (pU)4.

  2. Genetic diversity among ancient Nordic populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melchior, Linea Cecilie; Lynnerup, Niels; Siegismund, Hans Redlef

    2010-01-01

    , the success rate varied substantially between sites; the highest rates were obtained with untouched, freshly excavated material, whereas heavy handling, archeological preservation and storage for many years influenced the ability to obtain authentic endogenic DNA. While the nucleotide diversity at two...... the ancient Danes (average 13%) than among extant Danes and Scandinavians ( approximately 2.5%) as well as among other ancient population samples reported. Haplogroup I could therefore have been an ancient Southern Scandinavian type "diluted" by later immigration events. Interestingly, the two Neolithic...... samples (4,200 YBP, Bell Beaker culture) that were typed were haplogroup U4 and U5a, respectively, and the single Bronze Age sample (3,300-3,500 YBP) was haplogroup U4. These two haplogroups have been associated with the Mesolithic populations of Central and Northern Europe. Therefore, at least...

  3. Simulation study for purification, recovery of plutonium and uranium from plant streams of Fast Reactor Fuel Reprocessing Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sukumar, S.; Siva Kumar, P.; Radhika, R.; Subbuthai, S.; Mohan, S.V.; Subha Rao, R.V.

    2005-01-01

    A method for removal of plutonium from the lean organic streams obtained after co-stripping of uranium -plutonium was developed. Plutonium from lean organic phase was stripped using U 4+ /hydrazine as the stripping agent. The effect of concentrations of stripping agent U 4+ and feed Pu concentration in the lean organic phase was studied. Lean organic phases having higher plutonium concentration require three stages of stripping to bring plutonium concentration 4+ stabilized by hydrazine reduces Pu (IV) to Pu (III) thereby stripping plutonium from the organic phase. The non-extractability of Pu (III) by TBP was utilized for development of flow sheet for obtaining a uranium product lean of plutonium for ease of handling. (author)

  4. Weyerhaeuser Export Facility at DuPont. Volume III. Appendices R - T.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    0 a 0 lo Ř 4 - * a . 4a 44 -1~ a1 .. . 4 4 00. * 4 14 P 14 4 0~~0 6 4 44 14 a 1 4 w 4 Id . - ’U A U44 44 0 U C ’U 4 4 A U4 4 443 4444 %A 4 .41 F6 A...W.4) C) C. 0 -C4JC CCC),)."U! CCA ISC-a~ C" 0 , U 3 C - 4. 0A 00. L .UA.C L O L U CL- C0 .=0 0 0) .-C V C, a 2 0 ) ACCa LC1 LCC0C S C.0 a-. UU~~~ A Cz

  5. Civilian Manpower Statistics, December 31, 1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-31

    CC CA C~Ch4 u, 004 - C C/) s 4 C) clIi a), fuQ 6 ’V -, -- 0C) 00’ 4 ) 4J ~C 0 a)Q)O 00 0 4 -4 aj a) 4-) 00b -. 4-2.rS 0 E rs o w 0 ,a +) td 0 0 0G P4...4) 4-; W. 4 -. 2C ( > 4) 0 :$r v +- b h"-I Q) 1 o 0 < 44 4) (n (d n 4) >. 0) , U ) U 4bD " -)414 0d 4-) 4j 0 V) M (. -) 4)f -. 0) -A 10) -ZU4 r=U 4ý

  6. Three-dimensional structure of a pre-catalytic human spliceosomal complex B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boehringer, Daniel; Makarov, Evgeny M; Sander, Bjoern; Makarova, Olga V; Kastner, Berthold; Lührmann, Reinhard; Stark, Holger

    2004-05-01

    Major structural changes occur in the spliceosome during its transition from the fully assembled complex B to the catalytically activated spliceosome. To understand the rearrangement, it is necessary to know the detailed three-dimensional structures of these complexes. Here, we have immunoaffinity-purified human spliceosomes (designated B Delta U1) at a stage after U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP integration but before activation, and have determined the three-dimensional structure of B Delta U1 by single-particle electron cryomicroscopy at a resolution of approximately 40 A. The overall size of the complex is about 370 x 270 x 170 A. The three-dimensional structure features a roughly triangular body linked to a head domain in variable orientations. The body is very similar in size and shape to the isolated U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP. This provides initial insight into the structural organization of complex B.

  7. Toward a Theory of Organizational Commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    cH 4c C*44 PNN -4- 4.0 1 Co .0 W4 ~- CL * I- .a . 00 S 41 04 c Ai Cu U 0 CLC W . 4c . 48 4c ) 0 8 .) -it co co 1*-- 4 4 AI 41 4 C-4 cV4- 00 -D -4 4 41...0 r jC.. -4 8x 4.’ 4)4~ cu 4 4 ~4. 4) -4~f 4)41 - ca 41 v v0 .-. 0 81-4 1 4) * 0 Aj 4c rW~I P4-5/Al 452:KD:71:en Sequential by Agency 7 8u 4 5 2-883...716 : lah Sequential by State/City/FPO 78u 4 52-883 30 May 1981 LIST 7 HRM Officer in Charge Human Resource Management Detachment Naval Air Station

  8. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY 85. Part 7 (3020-5815).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    a- 0 0f a- a a-4 4 a . 4 CL~ a > I4> > 4 >> >1 0 x>141 0~ w aw o ~ ~~ acca 0 . a~~ a- 1 - > W. n a U CA C. a- baaa - 0 C 4.- 0 -C ma E z 0 a~a ~ U...A441w- al-a .1 0 09 w u u 0 >- O- 1) 0 ~ U4) a- CK I= 0 1- "a z. ~ . a ) U a c z 0 4 al- w’ 0a F5 .4 z U *4 b. < 1-- 0. f 40 ’ 1--: a m u IL. z ai < 4

  9. Mechanical miner environmental control: evaluation of ventilation and dust control systems in a ventilation simulation tunnel.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Du Plessis, JJL

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available of the continuous miner with the nozzle configuration 16 0(U \\>750 ~ o ~5 ~ O~0\\>U, ~ U) ~Ci) U) oZS . w u~ ~— U) 175 o ~ 0. =E 0-~ ~ 4- U) U) 0 -~ U) -~ ~= U)Cfl L) ~c~0U) ~ o ~ c ~ ~ 0 2 CU o 04- ~ 0 U) \\> 0 (U (U L..... (nfl o = ~ o~ ‘- o 0.0 ~3•i3Q~O~co 2~ •m U U) 0:3 (flU) 0U) is U) 0. U) —o CU 4-’ 00 .-~ CU--4- CU~ U)0 -C— ~-‘ U) 4-’ 0 CU~ U) 0. (U ~ U) U 4-. U ) U) -c CU 0. ~ :3 -o 0 U) 3 ~.U) .0 0(U 0 (UU) 750 V.-. U...

  10. Liter Flow and Mix Selection in Semiclosed-Circuit Scuba

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-01-27

    iCUII*. TO USE IT& JUST MNSWER 130 PRINT "INC OUSTIfWS AS IIIEY APPEAR*’ 130 PRINT 340 PRIN’ ISO PRINT MAXIMUM @11 USAGSE LW sees IŔ INPUT US 170 PRINT...34MINIMUM 03 UISAM "i NODS ISO INPUT U4 90Itoli U4bs 113 10 It0 too "i ISO35 310 PRINT 310 PRINT "ETRY MI STAKE* TNT AGAIN" too PRINT SAI0 as To ISO ...113049 S600467 30 4.79063 5.14876 7047556 so 6.32109 6.98531 10.506 T0 IeSSISS lst’$$IS5 11352 t00 10.1472 1.657,6-1 14.0871 too 1707995 10. 79P 4

  11. Analytic Prediction of Emergent Dynamics for Autonomous Negotiating Team (ANT) Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-11-01

    another aspect of discussion in the research group, motivated in part by issues related to praxeic utility. Formulating the joint selectability...u3, u4)PS3(u3) PS4 (u4) (E.g., assume that X3’s preferences are independent of X4’s preferences.) Now we need to specify all the conditional...selectabilities: pS3(1; s(k)) = 1 − g3(s3(k)) pS3(0; s(k)) = g3(s3(k)), similarly for pS4 . For pS2|S3,S4 : If both X3 and X4 ascribe their entire preference to

  12. Heating Parameter Estimation Using Coaxial Thermocouple Gages in Wind Tunnel Test Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    Attack a Emissivity G Parameter Vector Pn Measurement Vector at nth Time Point p Density 0 Stefan-Boltzmann Constant 6 Transition Matrix APc Scaling...for. The radiation is modeled using the Stefan-Boltzmann Law, q = 60(U 4 - U, 4 ) (A-9) where 8 radiative emissivity a Stefan-Bol tzmann constant U...w00 I- 000 0 0111c :0 i zZ Z-4lwr I- E . - t J K - IL HHO "W 6i 0WZWZWO&000OW *0 . 0 - .- - -4 4 1"- 1 Lii w LiiU Li LI Li Lij Liw w ~ o 0 0wm ~wW6~w d

  13. Crystallographic and oxidation kinetic study of uranium dioxide by high temperature X-ray diffractometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teixeira, S.R.

    1981-01-01

    The structural behavior of UO 2 sintered plates was studied as a function of temperature by X-ray diffractometry. All the experiments were carried out under an inert atmosphere with low oxygen content (approximated 140 ppm). The thermal expansion coefficient of UO 2 05 was found to be 10,5 x 10 - 6 0 C - 1 for temperatures above 165 0 C. Structural transformations during oxidation were observed at 170,235 and 275 0 C. The isothermal oxidation of UO 2 to U 3 O 7 follows a parabolic form and the diffusion of oxygen through the product layer U 4 O 9 is the mechanism controlling the oxidation rate. The phases observed were UO 2 (cubic) - U 4 O 9 (cubic) - U 3 O 7 (tetragonal). Activation energies of oxidation were found for different crystallographic planes (hkl). From this one can conclude that there is a preferential occupation of interstitial oxygen within the UO 2 structure. (Author) [pt

  14. Job Language Performance Requirements for MOS 31N, Tactical Circuit Controller, Reference Soldier’s Manual Dated 19 July 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-19

    spontaneously or via a technical medium such as radio telephone. CONDITIONS: Given a comunicacive s~tuation (Appendices 4, 5, & 6 Soldier’s Manual) in any...I4u4 2 IL w0 - @& LI . - - Z . a 1"a j4 cw% w 0 -9 6-’A 9: . A .L IL .6 0OUA. W - C ’N -do 1.L - - U -Ic 4.p &a 2- of#4 A" wt a - La .-- 0. L - an...ff .m 4 a- z LA .a~m~IL 04 -0 ft ~ 6.: iU:-4t a ~ z 3 M ~ sa an Z. L. I .. . .. - a . ,.. - I. 0 4: C. - C6 :9 ’I.j ;.ft Mi ’f $-.’ % - f ;. .3 :w

  15. Automating the AFROTC Four-Year Scholarship Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    ATCH 2 b1 C -d C4 4" %C N 0" cl4 es C4 CN 1 onin %DG C1 06 0 -0 40 V 44-4 LIU-4- c4 A: U. -4 La 4 E vt a-’ iv El "l 04 0 0.I t b U El 4 V do v 0 CoU. -4...CEEB CLAS~S BOARD 1ST 2ND DCF QEP/ STRT,"’ HWFADC CfI3; PEL SCORES SCORE COMP SCOPE STAND RAMK".,H~DC ’ PREF PREF RACE PREY" rTL B1 = 46/1 C hiroms...A/N 88 Fencing 4 AIN 89 La Crosse 4 AIN 90 Rifle/Pistol 4 AIN 91 Rugby 4 AIN 92 Track 4 A/N 93 Wrestling 4 A/N 94 Others (Name and Codes) 15 A/N 95

  16. Decays of open charmed mesons in the extended Linear Sigma Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eshraim Walaa I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We enlarge the so-called extended linear Sigma model (eLSM by including the charm quark according to the global U(4r × U(4l chiral symmetry. In the eLSM, besides scalar and pseudoscalar mesons, also vector and axial-vector mesons are present. Almost all the parameters of the model were fixed in a previous study of mesons below 2 GeV. In the extension to the four-flavor case, only three additional parameters (all of them related to the bare mass of the charm quark appear.We compute the (OZI dominant strong decays of open charmed mesons. The results are compatible with the experimental data, although the theoretical uncertainties are still large.

  17. Thiocyanato species of uranium(IV)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Loyson, P.L.R.

    1974-12-01

    The aim of this thesis was to study the system U +4 /ClO 4 - /NCS - /HMPA/ - Solvent. This was done by means of various physical chemical methods. Spectrophotometric and conductometric evidence indicated that the following are the important species, which exist in acetone solution: (U(ClO 4 ) 3 .3acetone) + , (U(NCS) 3 .5acetone) + , (U 2 (NCS) 9 .6acetone) - , (U(NCS) 3 .2HMPA.3acetone) + , (U(NCS) 5 .2HMPA) - , (U(ClO 4 ) 3 .3HMPA) + , (U(NCS).5HMPA) +3 , (U(NCS) 2 .4HMPA) +2 and (U(NCS) 3 .3HMPA) + . The replacement of the large ClO 4 - ion by the much smaller NCS - anion results in a change in coordination of the U +4 , from six to eight. The formation of the species (U(NCS) 5 .2HMPA) - wasalso suggested by infrared studies and solubility determinations. The effect of a polar solvent on U(NCS) 4 .4HMPA was also studied, which indicated that, on solvation in methyl cyanide, U(NCS) 4 .4HMPA loses bound HMPA molecules. The ultimate goal of this project, i.e. the determination of the successive stability constants of the uranium(IV)thiocyanato complexes in acetone, was not reached, however, due to limitations of the computer program used. A qualitative treatment revealed that the stability of (U(NCS) 3 .5acetone) + , in acetone, is of the same order of magnitude as that of Co(NCS) 3 - ; similarly the species (U 2 (NCS) 9 .6acetone) - seems to be as stable as C0(NCS) 4 =. It was also indicated that excess U +4 cannot remove all bound NCS - from Co +2 . Finally the thiocyanato complexes of U +4 , relative to those of CO +2 , seem to be more stable in methyl cyanide, a N-donor solvent, than in acetone, an O-donor solvent

  18. Phenotype-gene: 525 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 525 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1522i lethal (sensu gen...Sci. U.S.A. 101(20):7821-6. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15136745i lethal (sensu gen

  19. Reference: 241 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 241 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16024589i Calderon-V...development of Arabidopsis thaliana. 9 2473-85 16024589 2005 Sep The Plant cell Bevan Mike|Calderon-Villalobos Luz I A|Dohmann Esther M N|Kuhnle Carola|Li Hanbing|Schwechheimer Claus

  20. Phenotype-gene: 746 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 746 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u922i abnormal for trait of behavior...t al. 2005 Feb. Plant J. 41(3):364-75. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15659096i abnormal for trait of beha...vioral quality in organ named hypocotyl during process n

  1. Phenotype-gene: 736 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 736 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u912i abnormal for trait of behavior...eb. Science 307(5712):1111-3. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15618487i abnormal for trait of behavior

  2. Phenotype-gene: 737 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 737 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u913i abnormal for trait of behavior...c. EMBO J. 25(24):5907-18. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17139246i abnormal for trait of behavior

  3. Phenotype-gene: 735 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 735 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u911i abnormal for trait of behavior...t Physiol. 142(2):564-73. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16891550i abnormal for trait of behavior

  4. Phenotype-gene: 794 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 794 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u970i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named vascular leaf for AT2G44950 Fleury Delphine et al. 2007 Feb. Plant Cell 19(...2):417-32. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17329565i abnormal for trait of morphol

  5. Phenotype-gene: 769 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 769 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u945i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named inflorescence for AT2G35110 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3...):3616-27. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphol

  6. Phenotype-gene: 785 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 785 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u961i abnormal for trait of morph...U.S.A. 103(17):6759-64. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16617119i abnormal for trait of morph

  7. Phenotype-gene: 30 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 30 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1029i decreased density of chloroph...b.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15525647i decreased density of chlorophyll http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u617i AT3G19040

  8. Phenotype-gene: 766 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 766 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u942i abnormal for trait of morph...i. U.S.A. 104(47):18836-41. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18000056i abnormal for trait of morph

  9. Phenotype-gene: 787 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 787 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u963i abnormal for trait of morph...03 Jul. Plant Cell 15(7):1632-45. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12837952i abnormal for trait of morph

  10. Phenotype-gene: 32 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 32 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1031i decreased density of chloroph...b/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16262716i decreased density of chlorophyll http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u617i AT5G56860

  11. Phenotype-gene: 763 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 763 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u939i abnormal for trait of morph.... U.S.A. 103(17):6759-64. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16617119i abnormal for trait of morph

  12. Phenotype-gene: 29 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 29 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1028i decreased density of chloroph...db.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18182030i decreased density of chlorophyll http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u617i AT1G78600

  13. Phenotype-gene: 770 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 770 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u946i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named inflorescence for AT5G18410 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3...):3616-27. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphol

  14. Phenotype-gene: 553 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 553 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1550i non-functional obsolete microgametoph...adb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u11251103i non-functional obsolete microgametophyte http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u940i AT4G17730

  15. Phenotype-gene: 771 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 771 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u947i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named leaf lamina for AT1G55250 Fleury Delphine et al. 2007 Feb. Plant Cell 19(2)...:417-32. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17329565i abnormal for trait of morpholog

  16. Phenotype-gene: 772 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 772 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u948i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named leaf lamina for AT1G55255 Fleury Delphine et al. 2007 Feb. Plant Cell 19(2)...:417-32. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17329565i abnormal for trait of morpholog

  17. Reference: 556 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 556 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17337534i Padmanaban Senthilkumar...+ exchanger AtCHX20 in osmoregulation of guard cells. 1 82-93 17337534 2007 May Plant physiology Chanroj Salil|Kwak June M|Li Xiyan|Padmanaban Senthilkumar|Sze Heven|Ward John M

  18. Kinetics of uranium (4) oxidation with nitrous acid in the presence of oxalate-ions in nitric and perchloric acid solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nikitenko, S.I.; Astafurova, L.N.

    1991-01-01

    Kinetics of uranium (4) oxidation with nitrous acid in the presence of oxalate-ions are studied spectrometrically. It is shown that even at small oxalate concentrations a notable effect of tetravalent uranium stabilization is observed relatively to the oxidation with nitrous acid. In case of a significant excess of oxalate-ions the oxidation rate will be considerably slower as a result of the formation of U(4) bisoxalate complex

  19. US Army Institute of Surgical Research Annual Research Progress Report FY 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    J. Cancer 1979, Vol 24: 773-779 i06. i ":’’ ’ ’ - " /--- -- " - -- ... . -.. . . "’ -- -- -- " ll (10 mg/ml) divided into four injection sites...IVOR AMY 163 iyUIUU1U 4.~ UNS NAAa .80 1001 K.u U NL mama bl]ZA 314111ZBUT Y41011AM I STOG 0-i: $I fu "a wato-1wafwat (U vatiTofyntetic Shooing as

  20. The Proxy Challenge: Why bespoke proxy indicators can help solve the anti-corruption measurement problem

    OpenAIRE

    Johnsøn, Jesper; Mason, Phil

    2013-01-01

    Practitioners working in anti-corruption face perennial challenges in measuring changes in corruption levels and evaluating whether anti-corruption efforts are successful. These two challenges are linked but not inseparable. To make progress on the latter front, that is, evaluating whether anti-corruption efforts are having an impact, the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre and the UK Department for International Development are launching an exploration into the use of proxy indicators. Proxy ...

  1. (e,e'f) coincidence experiments for fission decay of giant resonances in 235,238U

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weber, T.; Heil, R.D.; Kneissl, U.; Pecho, W.; Wilke, W.; Emrich, H.J.; Kihm, T.; Knoepfle, K.T.

    1988-01-01

    Extending previous work on 238 U, 235 U(e,e'f) coincidence data were taken at 4 momentum transfers yielding both E1, E2/E0 and E3 form factors and the respective multipole strength distributions in the giant resonance region of 238 U (4 x x /Γ a is obtained as a function of excitation energy for separated multipoles. The giant E2 resonance exhibits an increased symmetric fission contribution compared to E1 and E3 resonances. (orig.)

  2. Investigations on cesium uranates. Pt. 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cordfunke, E.H.P.

    1979-01-01

    The thermochemical properties of Cs 2 U 4 O 12 have been evaluated using new experimental data, including the low-temperature heat capacities, the enthalpy of formation at room temperature, and the high-temperature enthaply increments by drop calorimetry. From the results a section of the Cs-U-O phase diagram at 1000 K has been constructed showing the stability of the compound as a function of cesium and oxygen pressure. (orig.) [de

  3. Commitment in American Foreign Policy, a Theoretical Examination for the Post-Vietnam Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-01

    matters as diverse as public diplomacy and U4S security commitments, and since 1977 has been a policy analyst for tne Unicorn Group, Ltd., an international... growing Soviet military power. The administration’s strengthening of NATO and its recent support of Thailand and North Yemen prove that some officials...9 Needless to say, such developments point to a significant and growing American military commitment to Saudi Arabia. Physical commitment on the

  4. Phenotype-gene: 580 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 580 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1577i non-functional stomatal movement...db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16990135i non-functional stomatal movement http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u956i AT1G52400

  5. Metastable He2- ions formed by two-electron attachment to the excited He2+ Σg+ (1σg22σg1) core

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adamowicz, L.; Pluta, T.

    1991-01-01

    Four metastable states (1 4 Π u , 2 4 Π u , 4 Φ u , and 4 I u ), resulting from two-electron attachments to the excited He 2 + core ( 2 Σ g + ), are characterized using the numerical Hartree-Fock method. It is determined that such metastable states are formed when both valence electrons are placed into equally diffused orbitals, which have bonding charter, and whose angular momentum quantum numbers do not differ by more than 1

  6. Phenotype-gene: 57 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iency during process named polyploidization for AT5G08550 Yoshizumi Takeshi et al. 2006 Oct. Plant Cell 18(1...0):2452-68. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17012601i decreased efficiency during process named polyploidiz...ation http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u639i AT5G08550

  7. Reference: 295 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 295 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16284313i Fujita Yas...ng that enhances drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. 12 3470-88 16284313 200...5 Dec The Plant cell Fujita Miki|Fujita Yasunari|Hiratsu Keiichiro|Maruyama Kyonoshin|Ohme-Takagi Masaru|Par

  8. Validating PHITS for heavy ion fragmentation reactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ronningen, Reginald M.

    2015-01-01

    The performance of the Monte Carlo code system PHITS is validated for heavy-ion transport capabilities by performing simulations and comparing results against experimental data from heavy-ion reactions of benchmark quality. These data are from measurements of isotope yields produced in the fragmentation of a 140 MeV/u "4"8Ca beam on a beryllium target and on a tantalum target. The results of this study show that PHITS performs reliably. (authors)

  9. Optical properties of LiYF4:U3+. Infrared laser use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Louis, M.

    1995-01-01

    In this study are proposed a complete interpretation of the optical spectra of trivalent uranium in LiYF 4 (LYF). Single crystals of uranium doped LYF were grown by Czochralski method with different concentration (0.05%-0.20%). The obtained crystals have pale green color, characteristic of tetravalent uranium. The absorption spectra show that effectively only U 4+ is present in this crystal. In order to reduce the oxidation state of the U 4+ , the pale green crystal containing 0.07% of U 4+ was exposed to gamma irradiation. The sample becomes orange brown and the absorption spectrum is characteristic of U 3+ . The irradiation technology is an efficient method to convert 100% of U 4+ in U 3+ . From the analysis of the polarized optical absorption and emission spectra the spectroscopic parameters have been determined. The Judd-Ofelt theory was applied in order to simulate the intensity of the 5 f 3 →5 f 3 transitions between Stark levels of U 3+ in LYF. Because of the large crystal field splitting of the J multiplet in the actinides a set of phenomenological intensity parameters is introduced to describe the transition probabilities between crystal field sublevels. A continuous laser emission of an actinide ion at ambient temperature has been revealed. In the last part of this thesis the fundamental aspect of the energy transfer process that takes place in laser crystal LYF codoped with an 4 f element Nd 3+ and an 5 f one U 3+ has been investigated. (author). 111 refs., 69 figs., 19 tabs

  10. Archeological and Historical Studies in the White Castle Gap Revetment, Iberville Parish, Louisiana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    outlining 93 its policy toward slavery in Louisiana. Under these laws, the activities and rights of slaves were severely limited. However, many of the laws...4 ~4j CnCD CM 0)m he 0 cm to)1- t a, 0--.i- a, wma 4) C0 e-Z *- e- "-U - Cc U _j M.. ..- = - LLI < .0 -J = -i -16- -10 cm ). w .-j u 4- -- u cj.’ 219

  11. Thermodynamic data for uranium fluorides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leitnaker, J.M.

    1983-03-01

    Self-consistent thermodynamic data have been tabulated for uranium fluorides between UF 4 and UF 6 , including UF 4 (solid and gas), U 4 F 17 (solid), U 2 F 9 (solid), UF 5 (solid and gas), U 2 F 10 (gas), and UF 6 (solid, liquid, and gas). Included are thermal function - the heat capacity, enthalpy, and free energy function, heats of formation, and vaporization behavior

  12. Diagnóstico molecular para Leishmaniasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ysabel Montoya

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available El potencial diagnóstico de epitopes inmunodominantes seleccionados fue ensayado satisfactoriamente a fin de obtener una prueba serodiagnóstica alternativa para la Leishmaniasis Tegumentaria Americana. Dos proteínas recombinantes prometedoras de L. (v. peruviana referidas como T-26-U2/T26-U4 fueron reconocidas por sueros individuales de pacientes con Leishmaniasis Tegumentaria Americana usando Western Blot. La sensibilidad de la prueba fue de 86% con sueros permanentes con Leishmaniasis peruana.

  13. Reference: 418 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 418 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16856986i Chai Mao-Feng...cid responses in Arabidopsis. 5 665-74 16856986 2006 Sep The Plant journal An Rui|Chai Mao-Feng|Chen Jia|Chen Qi-Jun|Wang Xue-Chen|Wei Peng-Cheng|Yang Shuhua

  14. Reference: 291 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 291 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16244906i Chai Mao-Feng...d chloroplast protection. 4 553-64 16244906 2005 Nov Plant molecular biology An Rui|Chai Mao-Feng|Chen Jia|Chen Qi-Jun|Chen Ye-Miao|Wang Xue-Chen

  15. Inhomogeneous critical nonlinear Schroedinger equations with a harmonic potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cao Daomin; Han Pigong

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study the Cauchy problem of the inhomogeneous nonlinear Schroedinger equation with a harmonic potential: i∂ t u=-div(f(x)∇u)+|x| 2 u-k(x)|u| 4/N u, x is an element of R N , N≥1, which models the remarkable Bose-Einstein condensation. We discuss the existence and nonexistence results and investigate the limiting profile of blow-up solutions with critical mass.

  16. Project Rio Blanco definition plan. Additional formation evaluation and production testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1975-09-01

    Since the multiple Rio Blanco detonation three reentry wells have been drilled for test purposes: RB-E-01 (Emplacement Well); RB-AR-2 (Alternate Reentry Well); and RB-U-4 (Formation Evaluation Well). Additional testing in all these wells is now required to resolve some remaining technical questions. A plan describing the procedures, methods, responsibilities, and scheduling of the field operations is presented

  17. Phenotype-gene: 31 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 31 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1030i decreased density of chloroph...iNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15659096i decreased density of chlorophyll http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u617i AT5G35220

  18. Phenotype-gene: 93 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iency in organ named root during process named phototropism in environment of blue light regimen for AT2G029...50 Boccalandro Hern叩n E et al. 2008 Jan. Plant Physiol. 146(1):108-15. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria...224i/cria224u4ria224u18024556i decreased efficiency in organ named root during process named ph

  19. Phenotype-gene: 796 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 796 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u972i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named vascular leaf for AT5G18410 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3...):3616-27. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphol

  20. Phenotype-gene: 786 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 786 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u962i abnormal for trait of morph...03 Jul. Plant Cell 15(7):1632-45. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12837952i abnormal for trait of morph

  1. Phenotype-gene: 793 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 793 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u969i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named vascular leaf for AT2G35110 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3...):3616-27. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphol

  2. Peak particle velocity for rockbursts in underground coal mines and for shot-hole explosions in open-pit mines

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Holub, Karel; Rušajová, Jana

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 1 (2011), s. 104-114 ISSN 1217-8977 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30860518 Keywords : hole-shot explosion * open-pit mine * peak particle velocity Subject RIV: DC - Siesmology, Volcanology, Earth Structure Impact factor: 0.346, year: 2011 http://www.akademiai.com/content/k3u1334gw21u4x27/

  3. Reference: 385 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 385 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16690816i Dharmasiri...y Science (New York, N.Y.) Bennett M J|Dharmasiri N|Dharmasiri S|Estelle M|Kowalchyk M|Marchant A|Mills S|Mockaitis K|Sandberg G|Singh S K|Swarup R

  4. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Shock Waves and Shock Tubes (15th) Held in Berkeley, California on July 28-August 2, 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    Bands", Icarus, Vol. 3S, 112-120, 1978. 38. Cann, M.W.P., Nicholls, R.W., Evans, W.F.J. and McEwen, D.J., "Theoretical Simulation of Solar Ultraviolet...34Single and Multiple Flows in an Electromagnetic Field; Energy Metallurgical und Solar Applications". Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, ALAk...dynamic response of pressure pipes having linearly variable velocity along their development", Energia Elettrica, u* 4, April 1972, p. 225. 8. Renard

  5. Reference: 584 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ing in Arabidopsis thaliana shoot and root stem cell organizers. 7137 811-4 17429400 2007 Apr Nature Hashimo...nda K et al. 2007 Apr. Nature 446(7137):811-4. Throughout the lifespan of a plant, which in some cases can l... 584 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17429400i Sarkar Ana

  6. Reference: 435 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Arabidopsis. 7107 106-9 16936718 2006 Sep Nature Fobis-Loisy Isabelle|Gaude Thierry|Jaillais Yvon|Miège Christine|Rollin Claire ... 435 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16936718i Jaillais Yvon et al. 2006 Sep. Natu...re 443(7107):106-9. Polarized cellular distribution of the phytohormone auxin and i

  7. Reference: 678 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available velopment. 7165 1053-7 17960244 2007 Oct Nature Blilou Ikram|Galinha Carla|Heidstra Renze|Hofhuis Hugo|Luijten Marijn|Scheres Ben|Willemsen Viola ... 678 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17960244i Galinha Carla et al. 2007 Oct. Natu...re 449(7165):1053-7. Factors with a graded distribution can program fields of cells

  8. Reference: 193 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 193 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15772667i Peiter Edgar et al. 2005 Mar. Natur...ation and stomatal movement. 7031 404-8 15772667 2005 Mar Nature Hetherington Alistair M|Knight Heather|Maathuis Frans J M|Mills Lewis N|Peiter Edgar|Pelloux J辿r担me|Sanders Dale

  9. Crystal field levels of tetravalent actinide ions in actinide dioxides UO2, NpO2 and PuO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krupa, J.C.; Gajek, Z.

    1991-01-01

    Crystal-field parameters resulting from analysis of optical spectroscopy and neutron diffraction data recorded on UO 2 and NpO 2 as well as ab-initio calculated parameters were used to calculate the crystal-field eigenfunctions and eigenvalues for the J ground-state manifold of U 4+ , Np 4+ and Pu 4+ in UO 2 , NpO 2 and PuO 2

  10. Crystal-field effect in UO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gajek, Z.; Lahalle, M.P.; Krupa, J.C.; Mulak, J.

    1988-01-01

    Simple ab initio model perturbation calculations of the crystal-field parameters for the U 4+ ion in UO 2 crystals are reported. The crystal-field parameters obtained, B 0 4 = -7130 cm -1 and B 0 6 = 2890 cm -1 , turn out to be much lower in value, particularly the first one, than those usually assumed for this compound. They are found, however, to agree with new spectroscopic data and recent inelastic neutron scattering measurements. (orig.)

  11. PI-PI scattering at high complex energies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ciulli, S.; Verzegnassi, C.

    1976-12-01

    We estrapolate the PI-PI amplitudes with isospin one and two in the t-channel onto the imaginary ν approximately equal to (s - u)/4msub(π) axis in the complex ν-plane by means of ''optimal'' Poisson weighted dispersion relations. The values obtained are compared with expected theoretical asymptotic behaviours and found not to be inconsistent with the possibility of a ''precocious asymptotism'' setting for imaginary ν-values

  12. H+H- interaction up to higher orders of perturbation theory in the model with two Higgs doublets (self-energy and vertex diagrams)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dvoeglazov, V.V.; Skachkov, N.B.

    1991-01-01

    Self-energy and vertex blocks that enter into the amplitude of Higgs-Higgs-interaction are calculated up to the fourth order of perturbation theory in the framework of the model of electroweak interaction with two Higgs doublets and an arbitrary number of fermions. The renormalization is performed on the mass shell of the physical fields after a spontaneous symmetry breaking. The values of the coupling constants are, as a rule, not concretized in the paper. In the cases where it is needed to use them, their values obtained in the model with the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) are taken. 29 refs.; 1 tab

  13. A peptide mimic of an antigenic loop of alpha-human chorionic gonadotropin hormone: solution structure and interaction with a llama V-HH domain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferrat, G.; Renisio, J.G.; Morelli, X.; Slootstra, J.W.; Meloen, R.; Cambillau, C.; Darbon, H.

    2002-01-01

    The X-ray structure of a ternary complex between human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG) and two Fvs recognizing its alpha and beta subunits has been recently determined. The Fvs recognize the elongated hCG molecule by its two ends, one being the Leu-12-Cys-29 loop of the alpha subunit. We have

  14. C-H and H-H Bond Activation via Ligand Dearomatization/Rearomatization of a PN3P-Rhodium(I) Complex

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Kuo-Wei

    2015-04-13

    A neutral complex PN3P-Rh(I)Cl (2) was prepared from a reaction of the PN3P pincer ligand (1) with [Rh(COD)Cl]2 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). Upon treatment with a suitable base, H–H and Csp2–H activation reactions can be achieved through the deprotonation/reprotonation of one of the N–H arms and dearomatization/rearomatization of the central pyridine ring with the oxidation state of Rh remaining I.

  15. A Simulation-Based Analysis of the Impact of In-Sourcing a Major Process Element on the Coast Guard HH-60J Depot Maintenance Process

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vigus, Steven

    2003-01-01

    Leaders at the United States Coast Guard's Aircraft Repair and Service Center (ARSC) in Elizabeth City, North Carolina recently formalized their planning and analysis functions by adding a dedicated branch to their command structure...

  16. The localized vibrations of H-H-, D-D- and H-D- pairs in KCl, KBr, KI, RbCl and NaCl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robert, R.

    1974-01-01

    The localized vibrational modes of H - H - , D - D - and H - D - pairs in KCl, KBr, KI, RbCl and NaCl were studied for different pair configurations. The measured frequencies of the infrared active modes were found to be in good agreement with a model of two coupled harmonic oscillators. The line width for different modes in the salts studied is discussed. The temperature dependence for the transversal modes T 1 and T 2 of the line width for the H - H - pairs in KCl indicates that the broadening of these lines is due to the 'decomposition mechanism', that generates two phonons. The generated phonons due to the decay of the localized in phase mode are: -one acustic phonon of the lattice, -one localized phonon that corresponds to the out of phase vibration of the H - H - pair. The general properties, as the Ivey law and several particulars of the properties in the alkali-halides studied are presented [pt

  17. Construction of the R-matrix for three-dimensional, reactive atom--diatom scattering: application to H+H2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stechel, E.B.; Walker, R.B.; Light, J.C.

    1977-01-01

    In an extension of previous work (R.B. Walker, J.C. Light and A. Altenberger-Siczek, J. Chem. Phys. 64, 1166(1976)), equations for the accurate quantum mechanical treatment of three body rearrangement collisions are presented in the R-matrix language. These equations describe how the solutions to Schrodinger's equation in three separate regions of configuration space (each containing one asymptotic atom + diatom arrangement) are matched smoothly to each other. The symmetry of the matching equations is discussed in detail. Within the R-matrix formalism, unitary S-matrices may be constructed for arbitrary atom-diatom mass combinations and for small target wave function basis expansions. Applications of this method to the three dimensional H + H 2 (labelled nuclei) exchange reaction are reported, and comparison is made to prior work

  18. C-H and H-H Bond Activation via Ligand Dearomatization/Rearomatization of a PN3P-Rhodium(I) Complex

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Kuo-Wei; Wang, Yuan; Zheng, Bin; Pan, Yupeng; Pan, Chengling; He, Lipeng

    2015-01-01

    A neutral complex PN3P-Rh(I)Cl (2) was prepared from a reaction of the PN3P pincer ligand (1) with [Rh(COD)Cl]2 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). Upon treatment with a suitable base, H–H and Csp2–H activation reactions can be achieved through

  19. Interconversion of η3-H2SiRR' σ-complexes and 16-electron silylene complexes via reversible H-H or C-H elimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipke, Mark C; Neumeyer, Felix; Tilley, T Don

    2014-04-23

    Solid samples of η(3)-silane complexes [PhBP(Ph)3]RuH(η(3)-H2SiRR') (R,R' = Et2, 1a; PhMe, 1b; Ph2, 1c, MeMes, 1d) decompose when exposed to dynamic vacuum. Gas-phase H2/D2 exchange between isolated, solid samples of 1c-d3 and 1c indicate that a reversible elimination of H2 is the first step in the irreversible decomposition. An efficient solution-phase trap for hydrogen, the 16-electron ruthenium benzyl complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru[η(3)-CH2(3,5-Me2C6H3)] (3) reacts quantitatively with H2 in benzene via elimination of mesitylene to form the η(5)-cyclohexadienyl complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru(η(5)-C6H7) (4). This H2 trapping reaction was utilized to drive forward and quantify the elimination of H2 from 1b,d in solution, which resulted in the decomposition of 1b,d to form 4 and several organosilicon products that could not be identified. Reaction of {[PhBP(Ph)3]Ru(μ-Cl)}2 (2) with (THF)2Li(SiHMes2) forms a new η(3)-H2Si species [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru[CH2(2-(η(3)-H2SiMes)-3,5-Me2C6H2)] (5) which reacts with H2 to form the η(3)-H2SiMes2 complex [PhBP(Ph)3]RuH(η(3)-H2SiMes2) (1e). Complex 1e was identified by NMR spectroscopy prior to its decomposition by elimination of Mes2SiH2 to form 4. DFT calculations indicate that an isomer of 5, the 16-electron silylene complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru(μ-H)(═SiMes2), is only 2 kcal/mol higher in energy than 5. Treatment of 5 with XylNC (Xyl = 2,6-dimethylphenyl) resulted in trapping of [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru(μ-H)(═SiMes2) to form the 18-electron silylene complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru(CNXyl)(μ-H)(═SiMes2) (6). A closely related germylene complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru[CN(2,6-diphenyl-4-MeC6H2)](H)(═GeH(t)Bu) (8) was prepared from reaction of (t)BuGeH3 with the benzyl complex [PhBP(Ph)3]Ru[CN(2,6-diphenyl-4-MeC6H2)][η(1)-CH2(3,5-Me2C6H3)] (7). Single crystal XRD analysis indicated that unlike for 6, the hydride ligand in 8 is a terminal hydride that does not engage in 3c-2e Ru-H → Ge bonding. Complex 1b is an effective precatalyst for the catalytic Ge-H dehydrocoupling of (t)BuGeH3 to form ((t)BuGeH2)2 (85% yield) and H2.

  20. The recruitment of the U5 snRNP to nascent transcripts requires internal loop 1 of U5 snRNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Rebecca; Paschedag, Joshua; Novikova, Natalya; Bellini, Michel

    2012-12-01

    In this study, we take advantage of the high spatial resolution offered by the nucleus and lampbrush chromosomes of the amphibian oocyte to investigate the mechanisms that regulate the intranuclear trafficking of the U5 snRNP and its recruitment to nascent transcripts. We monitor the fate of newly assembled fluorescent U5 snRNP in Xenopus oocytes depleted of U4 and/or U6 snRNAs and demonstrate that the U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP is not required for the association of U5 snRNP with Cajal bodies, splicing speckles, and nascent transcripts. In addition, using a mutational analysis, we show that a non-functional U5 snRNP can associate with nascent transcripts, and we further characterize internal loop structure 1 of U5 snRNA as a critical element for licensing U5 snRNP to target both nascent transcripts and splicing speckles. Collectively, our data support the model where the recruitment of snRNPs onto pre-mRNAs is independent of spliceosome assembly and suggest that U5 snRNP may promote the association of the U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP with nascent transcripts.

  1. Analyses of pea necrotic yellow dwarf virus-encoded proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krenz, Björn; Schießl, Ingrid; Greiner, Eva; Krapp, Susanna

    2017-06-01

    Pea necrotic yellow dwarf virus (PNYDV) is a multipartite, circular, single-stranded DNA plant virus. PNYDV encodes eight proteins and the function of three of which remains unknown-U1, U2, and U4. PNYDV proteins cellular localization was analyzed by GFP tagging and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) studies. The interactions of all eight PNYDV proteins were tested pairwise in planta (36 combinations in total). Seven interactions were identified and two (M-Rep with CP and MP with U4) were characterized further. MP and U4 complexes appeared as vesicle-like spots and were localized at the nuclear envelope and cell periphery. These vesicle-like spots were associated with the endoplasmatic reticulum. In addition, a nuclear localization signal (NLS) was mapped for U1, and a mutated U1 with NLS disrupted localized at plasmodesmata and therefore might also have a role in movement. Taken together, this study provides evidence for previously undescribed nanovirus protein-protein interactions and their cellular localization with novel findings not only for those proteins with unknown function, but also for characterized proteins such as the CP.

  2. Speciation of uranium after microbial action by XANES and XPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dodge, C.J.; Francis, A.J.; Lu, F.; Halada, G.P.; Kagwade, S.V.; Clayton, C.R.

    1993-01-01

    The speciation of radionuclides and toxic metals in wastes subjected to microbial action is important in determining the extent of stabilization in a disposal environment. As part of an ongoing study, we investigated the reduction of uranium by a Clostridium sp. using X-ray absorption neat edge spectroscopy (XANES) at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XPS analysis of uranyl acetate containing hexavalent uranium exhibited a binding energy of 382.0eV at the U 4f 7/2 peak. The sample incubated in the presence of bacteria was shifted to lower binding energy (380.6eV), confirming the reduction of U 6+ to U 4+ at the bacterial surface. XANES analysis, using an electron yield detector, was performed at the M v absorption edge (3d-->5f). The absorption peak energy of the sample exhibited a shift from 3551.1eV to 3550.1eV which is higher than uranium metal (3549.6eV ) but lower than U 4+ (3550.4eV). This indicates the presence of U 3+ which is probably located beneath the surface within the biomass. Anaerobic bacterial treatment of wastes containing uranyl ion can result in the stabilization of uranium

  3. State-resolved Photodissociation and Radiative Association Data for the Molecular Hydrogen Ion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zammit, Mark C.; Savage, Jeremy S.; Colgan, James; Fursa, Dmitry V.; Kilcrease, David P.; Bray, Igor; Fontes, Christopher J.; Hakel, Peter; Timmermans, Eddy

    2017-12-01

    We present state-resolved (electronic, vibrational, and rotational) cross sections and rate coefficients for the photodissociation (PD) of {{{H}}}2+ and radiative association (RA) of H–H+. We developed a fully quantum mechanical approach within the nonrelativistic Born–Oppenheimer approximation to describe {{{H}}}2+ and calculate the data for transitions between the ground electronic state 1s{σ }g and the 2p{σ }u, 2p{π }u, 3p{σ }u, 3p{π }u, 4p{σ }u, 4f{σ }u, 4f{π }u, and 4p{π }u electronic states (i.e., up to {{{H}}}2+ n = 4). Tables of the dipole-matrix elements and energies needed to calculate state-resolved cross sections and rate coefficients will be made publicly available. These data could be important in astrophysical models when dealing with photon wavelengths (or radiation temperature distributions that are weighted toward such wavelengths) around 100 nm. For example, at these wavelengths and a material temperature of 8400 K, the LTE-averaged PD cross section via the (second electronically excited) 2p{π }u state is over three times larger than the PD cross section via the (first electronically excited) 2p{σ }u state.

  4. Prime Contractors with Awards Over $25,000 by Name, Location, and Contract Number. Part 6. (Kenett Corporation-Mid South Dredging, Inc.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    o 04 - a. 4CJC zAw IL I 0.H 8 :3~~ z I0 0.DC 49 .I QE C-) w z zn 04. .. .4.4.4 . 44 ~ t .00.0c. -3 cc) C> t10 N r- OD C,-4 IZD CD - 0n 00 040 -O...U 4-4 4- - tun OD 0 m4 00 C)I C0 0 OD N0 -4t ) DO U) 4 (Ii tc CtD( -C -4 OD -DC tNkn ( IQr-O N0 c. ( z oe) 6 -r- 0) -Cjj < 0 4 4 m4 -4t 0 O m- t4 (n...r0 N n 00 L)) 0 00 0) 0 0 0 C6EuI C 40 . tun a, U - UrC 400 0% 41 4.- v1 0 )Z( 1 ,, Cli (no 0 4i W0 L- 3U 4 0 0I 0 I a. am u. U 0 0- H-I -CrU t wC0. UZ

  5. Department of Defense Contractor Establishment Code (CEC). Alphabet Listing. Volume II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-01

    u4 WC4 MA tun w w )4 044 .- 044 4 4-WZ .Z40 W£4 00C 0O O> w10 %4 f~ t 04 04 .- "War, t)e MA tC 40C 10 804:ng W I-0 mint- U 4-M0 W-0 -M :5 : Nz -9 M U...81J~ c -n. 666- -ow a. o aRc ’o ~ . ciaz 1 cia co C.i OW.aa in~~~- zaW m.4 4 "iW Z u I.0 Co" i > 0 W0 0 0I4 01-0011.I0 4IWO 00 )~~~~~~~~4~~~~~ KD I...q I 94 .4 -CMa 0 w maimaZ a4 0A1൉ U* am 160 ow 4 - 2 17 I ~~ ~, 0�L1 1 0H at4.0 t3 zZ4M I 1 .4 hij ZAW ~~*1-I 0~H~~INNM ME10.46 CL0E11 H0 f04 .U.4

  6. All Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place, and Contractor. Part 23 (Iceland-TRW INC Classified Location)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    01WNN~ NO W N N N N N N N N ’ 4(Y) 0 U 4c CV) U 001 0)-4 OW.4 WooC WPC4000 0 0 0 00 0 0 N tun 40 I -CY U7 -N 04 (01-Z t-000 04N N 00 00 0 000 C30i04a at...4ci4 - 4 4 bi- a O 10 0- 0 con WW W (A ( ZAW WW AW WWW( 00 4ON 40 00 a 0 0 03 aO co 00 40 ON 0l. 0 0C2 co- 0- CD a.m 0000N U m 0 0 0 co 400 00 I...04C "a SUN U4 40 4 w- 0o w m. 004 0 1 Z:4 aUN aOOwe "N OW 20WM 0 10: MA 0.. on 00 o V 0C U U4 m4 1-) 0 0 40 We 0. 0 01 10 tUN IPa 0. MO 4 0* m M 1

  7. Reduction behavior of UO22+ in molten LiCl–RbCl and LiCl–KCl eutectics by using tungsten

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagai, Takayuki; Uehara, Akihiro; Fujii, Toshiyuki; Yamana, Hajimu

    2013-01-01

    The reduction of uranium from UO 2 2+ to UO 2 + or U 4+ in molten LiCl–RbCl and LiCl–KCl eutectics was examined by using tungsten and chlorine gas. Spectrophotometric technique was adopted to determine the concentration of uranium species. When tungsten was immersed into the LiCl–RbCl eutectic melt at 400 °C without supplying chlorine gas, 36% of the total weight of the hexavalent of UO 2 2+ was reduced to the pentavalent of UO 2 + . Under purging chlorine gas into the melt, 96% of UO 2 2+ was reduced to the tetravalent of U 4+ . Tungsten oxy-chloride of WOCl 4 was produced via the reductions of UO 2 2+ , which was volatized from the melt and adsorbed on the upper part of experimental cell. On the other hand, 84% of UO 2 2+ in the LiCl–KCl eutectic melt at 500 °C was reduced to U 4+ by using tungsten and chlorine gas

  8. Reduction behavior of UO22+ in molten LiCl-RbCl and LiCl-KCl eutectics by using tungsten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagai, Takayuki; Uehara, Akihiro; Fujii, Toshiyuki; Yamana, Hajimu

    2013-08-01

    The reduction of uranium from UO22+ to UO2+ or U4+ in molten LiCl-RbCl and LiCl-KCl eutectics was examined by using tungsten and chlorine gas. Spectrophotometric technique was adopted to determine the concentration of uranium species. When tungsten was immersed into the LiCl-RbCl eutectic melt at 400 °C without supplying chlorine gas, 36% of the total weight of the hexavalent of UO22+ was reduced to the pentavalent of UO2+. Under purging chlorine gas into the melt, 96% of UO22+ was reduced to the tetravalent of U4+. Tungsten oxy-chloride of WOCl4 was produced via the reductions of UO22+, which was volatized from the melt and adsorbed on the upper part of experimental cell. On the other hand, 84% of UO22+ in the LiCl-KCl eutectic melt at 500 °C was reduced to U4+ by using tungsten and chlorine gas.

  9. Thermal reduction and U-recovery from uraniferous phosphorite concentrate of phosphatic sandstone deposit of G. Qatrani, western desert, Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdel Monem, H.M.

    1988-01-01

    The produced uraniferous phosphorite concentrate from cationic floatation of phosphatic sandstone of G. Qatrani contain 32.01% P 2 O 5 , 0.39% eU and 5.65% SiO 2 . Thermal reduction technique using a high calorific hydrocarbon (Mazout) is used to recover U and P 2 O 5 . At elevated temperature ranging from 500 to 800 0 C, reducing gases mainly, Co are evolved due to mazout cracking; beside a carbon film is precipitated around the treated phosphate grains. These conditions have proved quite beneficial in reducing U+6 into U+4, as well as creating a sufficiently low redox potential below 350 mV in the subsequent leach solution. The effect of different relevant factors are studied and optimized as 700 C, 30 minutes and 20% (wt/wt) ratio for reducing temperature, duration time and amount of reductant added respectively. Hydrochloric acid of 8 N appears to offer the best potential for acidulation of the reduced phosphates at room temperature (25 0 C) and 30 minutes retention time of agitation leaching. The results showed that, more than 98% of P 2 O 5 reports in solution as phosphoric acid and about 97% of uranium is retained in an insoluble form (U+4). Applying oxidizing roast of the leached reduced materials at 800 0 C in the presence of 2% NaCl, would result in both removing the carbon content and oxidizing the contained U+4 to U+6. By subsequent leaching with dilute acidic solution (2N HCl) more than 98% of the contained U+6 is readily soluble

  10. Exceptional gauge groups and quantum theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Horwitz, L.P.; Biedenharn, L.C.

    1979-01-01

    It is shown that a Hilbert space over the real Clifford algebra C 7 provides a mathematical framework, consistent with the structure of the usual quantum mechanical formalism, for models for the unification of weak, electromagnetic and strong interactions utilizing the exceptional Lie groups. In particular, in case no further structure is assumed beyond that of C 7 , the group of automorphisms leaving invariant a minimal subspace acts, in the ideal generated by that subspace, as G 2 , and the subgroup of this group leaving one generating element (e 7 ) fixed acts, in this ideal, as the color gauge group SU(3). A generalized phase algebra AcontainsC 7 is defined by the requirement that quantum mechanical states can be consistently constructed for a theory in which the smallest linear manifolds are closed over the subalgebra C(1,e 7 ) (isomorphic to the complex field) of C 7 . Eight solutions are found for the generalized phase algebra, corresponding (up to an overall sign), in effect, to the use of +- e 7 as imaginary unit in each of four superselection sectors. Operators linear over these alternative forms of imanary unit provide distinct types of ''lepton--quark'' and ''quark--quark'' transitions. The subgroup in A which leaves expectation values of operators linear over A invariant is its unitary subgroup U(4), and is a realization (explicitly constructed) of the U(4) invariance of the complex scalar product. An embedding of the algebraic Hilbert space into the complex space defined over C(1,e 7 ) is shown to lead to a decomposition into ''lepton and ''quark'' superselection subspaces. The color SU(3) subgroup of G 2 coincides with the SU(3) subgroup of the generalized phase U(4) which leaves the ''lepton'' space invariant. The problem of constructing tensor products is studied, and some remarks are made on observability and the role of nonassociativity

  11. Transuranium element incorporation into the β-U3O8 uranyl sheet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miller, M.L.; Burns, P.C.; Ewing, R.C.; Finch, R.J.

    1997-01-01

    Spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is unstable under oxidizing conditions. Although recent studies have determined the paragenetic sequence for uranium phases that result from the corrosion of SNF, there are only limited data on the potential of alteration phases for the incorporation of transuranium elements. The crystal chemical characteristics of transuranic elements (TUE) are to a certain extent similar to uranium; thus TUE incorporation into the sheets of uranyl oxide hydrate structures can be assessed by examination of the structural details of the β-U 3 O 8 sheet type. The sheets of uranyl polyhedra observed in the crystal structure of β-U 3 O 8 also occur in the mineral billietite, where they alternate with α-U 3 O 8 type sheets. Preliminary crystal structure determinations for the minerals ianthinite, and wyartite, indicate that these phases also contain β-U 3 O 8 type sheets. The β-U 3 O 8 sheet anion topology contains triangular, rhombic, and pentagonal sites in the proportions 2:1:2. In all structures containing β-U 3 O 8 type sheets, the triangular sites are vacant. The pentagonal sites are filled with U 6+ O 2 forming pentagonal bipyramids. The rhombic dipyramids filling the rhombic sites contain U 6+ O 2 in billietite, U 4+ O 2 in β-U 3 O 8 , U 4+ (H 2 O) 2 in ianthinite, and U 4+ O 3 in wyartite-II. Interlayer species include: H 2 O (billietite, wyartite II, and ianthinite), Ba 2+ (billietite) Ca 2+ wyartite II, and Co 3 2- wyartite II; there is no interlayer in β-U 3 O 8 . The similarity of known TUE coordination polyhedra with those of U suggests that the β-U 3 O 8 sheet will accommodate TUE substitution coupled with variations in apical anion configuration and interlayer population providing the required charge balance

  12. Calculation code revised MIXSET for Purex process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonda, Kozo; Oka, Koichiro; Fukuda, Shoji.

    1979-02-01

    Revised MIXSET is a FORTRAN IV calculation code developed to simulate steady and transient behaviors of the Purex extraction process and calculate the optimum operating condition of the process. Revised MIXSET includes all the functions of MIXSET code as shown below. a) Maximum chemical system of eight components can be handled with or without mutual dependence of the distribution of components. b) The flowrate and concentration of feed can be renewed successively at any state, transient or steady, for searching optimum operating conditions. c) Optimum inputs of feed concentrations and flowrates can be calculated to satisfy both of specification and recovery rate of a product. d) Radioactive decay reactions can be handled on each component. Besides these functions, the following chemical reactions concerned in Purex process are newly-included in Revised MIXSET code and the quantitative changes of components such as H + , U(IV), U(VI), Pu(III), Pu(IV), NH 2 OH, N 2 H 4 can be simulated. 1st Gr. (i) reduction of Pu(IV); U 4+ + 2Pu 4+ + 2H 2 O → UO 2 2+ + 2Pu 3+ + 4H + . (ii) oxidation of Pu(III); 2Pu 3+ + 3H + + NO 3 - → 2Pu 4+ + HNO 2 + H 2 O. (iii) oxidation of U(IV); U 4+ + NO 3 - + H 2 O → UO 2 2+ + H + + HNO 2 2U 4+ + O 2 + 2H 2 O → 2UO 2 2+ + 4H + . (iv) decomposition of HNO 2 ; HNO 2 + N 2 H 5 + → HN 3 + 2H 2 O + H + . (author)

  13. Examination of long-stored uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gate, A.M.; Hambley, D.I.

    2013-01-01

    A small quantity of unirradiated uranium from Magnox fuel elements is currently held in archive storage. Some of these samples date back to the late fifties. This material has been stored, untreated, in unsealed containers in air at ambient temperature, humidity and pressure conditions. Such conditions are relevant to those that may exist in a passive storage facility. A sample of this material has been subject to optical, electron-optical and Raman spectroscopic examination to determine the extent of corrosion and the composition of corrosion product arising from long-term, low-temperature oxidation of uranium metal in air. The examinations have established that, even after a period in excess of 40 years, there was no observable spalling of uranium oxide from the sample during storage. The extent of oxidation of the metal, derived by SEM analysis, was slight and insignificant in relation to overall structural stability of the material. Raman spectroscopy data showed that the bulk of the oxide layer was comprised of hyper-stoichiometric UO 2 , with U 4 O 9 being the dominant component. The oxygen/uranium ratio was observed to be decreased at the metal/oxide interface, with a very thin layer that consisted of mainly UO 2 at the metal surface. At the oxide/air interface, a very thin U 3 O 8 layer was detected. U 4 O 9 is relatively mechanically stable, due to a significantly higher density than UO 2 and U 3 O 8 . It is likely that the lower internal stresses in the thick U 4 O 9 layer have resulted in less oxide film cracking than would be expected from UO 2 or U 3 O 8 and hence the low oxidation rate observed. These results suggest that storage of uranium metal in air over decades is a safe and credible option. (authors)

  14. Determination of Krypton Diffusion Coefficients in Uranium Dioxide Using Atomic Scale Calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vathonne, Emerson; Andersson, David A; Freyss, Michel; Perriot, Romain; Cooper, Michael W D; Stanek, Christopher R; Bertolus, Marjorie

    2017-01-03

    We present a study of the diffusion of krypton in UO 2 using atomic scale calculations combined with diffusion models adapted to the system studied. The migration barriers of the elementary mechanisms for interstitial or vacancy assisted migration are calculated in the DFT+U framework using the nudged elastic band method. The attempt frequencies are obtained from the phonon modes of the defect at the initial and saddle points using empirical potential methods. The diffusion coefficients of Kr in UO 2 are then calculated by combining this data with diffusion models accounting for the concentration of vacancies and the interaction of vacancies with Kr atoms. We determined the preferred mechanism for Kr migration and the corresponding diffusion coefficient as a function of the oxygen chemical potential μ O or nonstoichiometry. For very hypostoichiometric (or U-rich) conditions, the most favorable mechanism is interstitial migration. For hypostoichiometric UO 2 , migration is assisted by the bound Schottky defect and the charged uranium vacancy, V U 4- . Around stoichiometry, migration assisted by the charged uranium-oxygen divacancy (V UO 2- ) and V U 4- is the favored mechanism. Finally, for hyperstoichiometric or O-rich conditions, the migration assisted by two V U 4- dominates. Kr migration is enhanced at higher μ O , and in this regime, the activation energy will be between 4.09 and 0.73 eV depending on nonstoichiometry. The experimental values available are in the latter interval. Since it is very probable that these values were obtained for at least slightly hyperstoichiometric samples, our activation energies are consistent with the experimental data, even if further experiments with precisely controlled stoichiometry are needed to confirm these results. The mechanisms and trends with nonstoichiometry established for Kr are similar to those found in previous studies of Xe.

  15. Effective potential in ultraviolet completions for composite Higgs models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golterman, Maarten; Shamir, Yigal

    2018-05-01

    We consider a class of composite Higgs models based on asymptotically free S O (d ) gauge theories with d odd, with fermions in two irreducible representations, and in which the Higgs field arises as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson and the top quark is partially composite. The Nambu-Goldstone coset containing the Higgs field, or Higgs coset, is either S U (4 )/S p (4 ) or S U (5 )/S O (5 ), whereas the top partners live in two-index representations of the relevant flavor group [S U (4 ) or S U (5 )]. In both cases, there is a large number of terms in the most general four-fermion Lagrangian describing the interaction of third-generation quarks with the top partners. We derive the top-induced effective potential for the Higgs coset together with the singlet pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson associated with the non-anomalous axial symmetry, to leading order in the couplings between the third-generation quarks and the composite sector. We obtain expressions for the low-energy constants in terms of top-partner two-point functions. We revisit the effective potential of another composite Higgs model that we have studied previously, which is based on an S U (4 ) gauge theory and provides a different realization of the S U (5 )/S O (5 ) coset. The top partners of this model live in the fundamental representation of S U (5 ), and, as a result, the effective potential of this model is qualitatively different from the S O (d ) gauge theories. We also discuss the role of the isospin-triplet fields contained in the S U (5 )/S O (5 ) coset, and show that, without further constraints on the four-fermion couplings, an expectation value for the Higgs field will trigger the subsequent condensation of an isospin-triplet field.

  16. Manufacturing Methods and Technology Project Execution Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-01

    NC SLLLCILLN OF lHE LEST HARuE;,ING PKDC.E55. 1NCUMPLETE HARk.ENItiG THRUUGHLUUT THL LCHPLNhELNT ANL) CCMPLILATIUNS CAu~ tD ULRIN6 THE HEAT TREMTME %T...3 C33 UJ L53 L4 2 𔃾 1 KK~~~’S 3. -3 I. -, Z 0 3 - 4- 3 0 0- X 0 cc 1 .4 u LI . ad 𔃾 U.4 1.4 u 0 00 ac0 4 ~3 0 " Z Lu 00 13. U.0 0’.1O L 3 )0. P

  17. Cajal bodies and snRNPs friends with benefits

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Staněk, David

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 14, č. 6 (2017), s. 671-679 ISSN 1547-6286 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-00790S Institutional support: RVO:68378050 Keywords : spinal muscular-atrophy * small nuclear-rna * u4/u6.u5 tri-snrnp * xenopus-laevis oocytes * u6 spliceosomal rna * coiled bodies * smn complex * u1 snrnp * u2 snrnp * in-vivo Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology OBOR OECD: Cell biology Impact factor: 3.900, year: 2016

  18. Radar Absorbing Colloidal Solutions (RACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    fig.5 sloiws te W-b yskm tinder test (a) and the two W- and D-band homi (b). The sytm ut~u4 tapol Ogm ingpi~s uVsmsso thepeanemptyeietm eone Twele...Because there is a very well defined relationship between DNA sequence and the thermodynamics of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) formation, it is possible...to test device performance. The mass flow rate basically increases with heat input from the heat son=v though the exact relationship would be

  19. Correlation inequalities for two-component hypercubic /varreverse arrowphi/4 models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soria, J.L.

    1988-01-01

    A collection of new and already known correlation inequalities is found for a family of two-component hypercubic /varreverse arrowphi/ 4 models, using techniques of duplicated variables, rotated correlation inequalities, and random walk representation. Among the interesting new inequalities are: rotated very special Dunlop-Newman inequality 2 ; /varreverse arrowphi//sub 1z/ 2 + /varreverse arrowphi//sub 2z/ 2 ≥ 0, rotated Griffiths I inequality 2 - /varreverse arrowphi//sub 2z/ 2 > ≥ 0, and anti-Lebowitz inequality u 4 1111 ≥ 0

  20. A Comprehensive Study on Damage Tolerance Properties of Notched Composite Laminates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    DIMENSJION A(NE2B,nbAN(D),B(NIE2B,LL),STR(4,LL),TMASS(NE2B) 441 C 442 COMMON !,LiCN/ NT,NOT, ALEA ,DT,BETA,NFN,NGM,NAT,NDYN 443 COMMON /Em/ LRlD,ND,LM(63...475 C %.’ 476 READ kt5,10u4) NFN ,NOI,NAT,NT,NOT,DT, ALEA ,BETA 477 WRITE (33,2304n NFN,NI3M,NAT ,NT,NOT,DT, ALEA ,BETA 478 IF(NAT.EO.o) NAT = I 479 IE

  1. Annual Tropical Cyclone Report, 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    FiguAe 3-01-1. SateLie ifageky 6UOw6 an alea oA convection aouth o6 the equato’t which mig’rated nokth- wad and eveyntuay became a6ociated wit the...the mountainous region to the west. 21 -I V b~--4--+ -4-4---4- 1- ±+±- -- +----- -4-----4 --- IC-4 C 4 -fe% Ln Ln Ln C Ln T = 90. II - 44 U.4 - XI .14...in the mountainous area of intensification. At 271800Z, Andy reached southeastern China on 30 July. 55 ______ _____Z 3A z + + to Ln AL L % Ln LA ---- 4

  2. Method of removing niobium from uranium-niobium alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pollock, E.N.; Schlier, D.S.; Shinopulos, G.

    1992-01-01

    This patent describes a method of removing niobium from a uranium-niobium alloy. It comprises dissolving the uranium-niobium alloy metal pieces in a first aqueous solution containing an acid selected from the group consisting of hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid and fluoboric acid as a catalyst to provide a second aqueous solution, which includes uranium (U +4 ), acid radical ions, the acids insolubles including uranium oxides and niobium oxides; adding nitric acid to the insolubles to oxidize the niobium oxides to yield niobic acid and to complete the solubilization of any residual uranium; and separating the niobic acid from the nitric acid and solubilized uranium

  3. Uranium extraction history using pressure leaching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fraser, K.S.; Thomas, K.G.

    2010-01-01

    Over the past 60 years of uranium process development only a few commercial uranium plants have adopted a pressure leaching process in their flowsheet. The selection of acid versus alkaline pressure leaching is related to the uranium and gangue mineralogy. Tetravalent (U"+"4) uranium has to be oxidized to hexavalent (U"+"6) uranium to be soluble. Refractory tetravalent uranium requires higher temperature and pressure, as practised in pressure leaching, for conversation to soluble hexavalent uranium. This paper chronicles the history of these uranium pressure leaching facilities over the past 60 years, with specific details of each design and operation. (author)

  4. Phenotype-gene: 781 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 781 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u957i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named seed for AT5G18410 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3):3616-27.... http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphology in or

  5. Phenotype-gene: 765 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 765 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u941i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named chloroplast for AT5G55280 Yoder David W et al. 2007 Jun. Plant Cell Physiol.... 48(6):775-91. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17468127i abnormal for trait of morph

  6. Phenotype-gene: 764 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 764 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u940i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named chloroplast for AT1G22700 St旦ckel Jana et al. 2006 Jul. Plant Physiol. 141(...3):870-8. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16679416i abnormal for trait of morpholo

  7. Multifunctional organophosphorus extractants: a status report on development and applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schulz, W.W.; Horwitz, E.P.

    1988-01-01

    Up-to-date state of the development of science and technology of multifunctional organophosphorus extractants is considered. The detailed classification of these extractants is presented. They attracted pasticular interest because of affinity of some bifunctional phosphonates, phosphine oxides, carbamoylalkylphosphonates to trivalent Am, tetravalent and hexavalent actinides, trivalent lanthanides in strong mineral acids, and because of ability of some alkylpyrophosphoric acids to extract effectively U(4) from concentrated solutions of phosphoric acid. Application of these extractants for analytic purposes and in the field of nuclear technology is considered

  8. Exact solitary and periodic wave solutions for a generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sun Chengfeng; Gao Hongjun

    2009-01-01

    The generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equation (GNLS) iu t + u xx + β | u | 2 u + γ | u | 4 u + iα (| u | 2 u) x + iτ(| u | 2 ) x u = 0 is studied. Using the bifurcation of travelling waves of this equation, some exact solitary wave solutions were obtained in [Wang W, Sun J,Chen G, Bifurcation, Exact solutions and nonsmooth behavior of solitary waves in the generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equation. Int J Bifucat Chaos 2005:3295-305.]. In this paper, more explicit exact solitary wave solutions and some new smooth periodic wave solutions are obtained.

  9. Utilization of Additive Manufacturing for Aerospace Heat Exchangers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-29

    7. A notional part that was designed and built in an aluminum-silicon- magnesium alloy using the powder bed fusion process was able to achieve fine...source=bl&ots=YxEzhfglaB&sig=Wk4sfyR94gelw51 chj5Mb mOavus&hl=en&sa=X& ei =m HSxU4ucLZfMsQTivYCgAg&ved=OCEcQ6AEwCDgK#v=o nepage&q=making%20of%20a%20heat

  10. Electronic contributions to the transport properties and specific heat of solid UO2: an empirical, self-consistent analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hyland, G.J.; Ralph, J.

    1982-07-01

    From an empirical, self-consistent analysis of new high temperature data on the thermo-electric Seebeck coefficient and d.c. electrical conductivity, the value of the free energy controlling the equilibrium of the thermally induced reaction, 2U 4+ reversible U 3+ + U 5+ is determined (treating the U 3+ and U 5+ as small polarons) and used to calculate the contribution of the process to the high temperature thermal conductivity and specific heat of UO 2 . It is found that the transport properties can be completely accounted for in this way, but not the anomalous rise in specific heat - the origin of which remains obscure. (U.K.)

  11. Some physical properties of irradiated and non-irradiated oxide glasses containing uranium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simon, V.; Ardelean, I.; Simon, S.; Cozar, O.; Milea, I.; Lupsa, I.; Mih, V.

    1995-01-01

    The x U O 3 (1-x) [2 P 2 O 5 · Na 2 O] non-irradiated and gamma irradiated glasses (0 3+ , U 4+ and U 5+ ions. The gamma irradiation induces paramagnetic defects around the glass network forming sites occupied by phosphorous atoms. The non-irradiated samples are weak paramagnetic up to x = 0.1. For higher U O 3 concentration (0.1 < x ≤ 0.2) the magnetic measurements indicated a larger number of paramagnetic ions which are magnetically isolated and exhibit a Curie type behaviour. (author) 5 figs., 14 refs

  12. Ternary scandium and transition metals germanides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotur, B.Ya.

    1992-01-01

    Brief review of data on phase diagram of ternary Sc-Me-Ge systems (Me-d - , f-transition element) is given. Isothermal sections at 870 and 1070 K of 17 ternary systems are plotted. Compositions and their structural characteristics are presented. Variability of crystal structure is typical for ternary scandium germanides: 70 compounds with the studied structure belong to 23 structural types. Ternary germanides isostructural to types of Sm 4 Ge 4 , ZrCrSi 2 , ZrNiAl, ScCeSi, TiNiSi U 4 Re 7 Si 6 145 compounds from 70 under investigation are mostly formed in studied systems

  13. Radiation by Sources on Perfectly Conducting Convex Cylinders with an Impedance Surface Patch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    U -- = - (a to0 . 0 0 m 4- 0 4- 04 0-0 1 - .0 4’ U-- ~4- 4 0 n4- -- C_ to S~0- 4J C >1 cu S)-0’ (0 C 0)~ 00 =3 .r aCCA 50 It is observed from these...by such a source has only a z-component and it will be denoted by H . H satisfies the reduced, inhomo- geneous wave equation, and the f6 1llowing

  14. Study on the influence of carbon monoxide to the surface oxide layer of uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Xiaolin; Duan Rongliang; Fu Yibei; Xie Renshou; Zuo Changming; Zhao Chunpei; Chen Hong

    1997-01-01

    The influence of carbon monoxide to the surface oxide layer of uranium metal has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and gas chromatography (GC). Carbon monoxide adsorption on the oxide layer resulted in U4f peak shifting to the lower binding energy. The content of oxygen in the oxide is decreased and the atomic ratio (O/U) is decreased by 7.2%. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere after the surface reaction is increased by 11.0%. The investigation indicates that the surface layer can prevent the further oxidation uranium metal in the atmosphere of carbon monoxide

  15. Control of plasma position in the CASTOR tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valovic, M.

    1988-11-01

    A simple servo-system designed for plasma position control in the CASTOR tokamak is described. Both radial and vertical plasma displacements were minimized using two servo-loops consisting of detection coils, a conventional electric controller and an amplifier operated as an unipolar voltage-controlled current source. To ensure the optimum conditions in the start-up phase of the discharge, currents in the servo-systems were externally preprogrammed. The prescribed plasma position was maintained with the accuracy of 3 mm. The feedback control improves plasma parameters, e.g. it removes the positional disruption at the end of the tokamak discharge. (J.U.). 4 figs., 3 refs

  16. The Relationship of Diet to the Performance of the Combat Soldier. Minimal Calorie Intake during Combat Patrols in a Hot Humid Environment (Panama)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    the planning and execution of maneuvers in combat situations. The daily military activities were carried out in spite of severe environmental ...is unfortunate that tests were not performed to evaluate the impact of diet upon other forms of performance, eg - mental acuity, cognition, etc...8217 -4 1- J4"eq 0000 000 weC ;U) 4 , * ~4)6 r)3 01 +1. +1 +1+1 +1 +1 +1+1 + + + +W +1 +1 +1+1 41 -4 ccw 10 u 0L %D - OC’ r4 Ln%0-7t z .- anc’ 4 1’ 4OVC-4

  17. Relativistic Electron Precipitation: An Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    is due to pitch-angle sampling. Envelope curves at the maximums and minimums are shown to emphasize the data that are iso - tropic in pitch angle...190114 1tt0U 4 396 460 A MOL 1331 MR it3" 103342 338 39100 S 1330 41013 15139 12131 19111 4511 ON 1334 gml 82804 132ts 30344 37"s l ~ - WIS 1335 6121...067 744i4 142911 44 12191 3643 120 ’ ISO 7424 145914 191166 4119 44440 - COO 2 *2 tt7113 *446033 194 ms3s 17 Pn 4 I704 414121* 124 032171 2as 01717

  18. Keystone National Policy Dialogue on Department of the Navy Hazardous Waste Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-18

    impose sanctions against tenant commands to ensure environmental requirements are met. 5. Include in the Manual for Courts-Martial, 1984, Article 134... MANUAL ) HAS JUST BEEN UPDATED TO REFLECT NUMEROUS CHANGES IN LAWS, WAIVERS OF FEDERAL SOVEREIGNTT, PERSONAL LIABILITY, AND STRENGTHENING Or THE NAVY CHAIN...C n sculd be the first thing the user reads, and it sncu!l creceoe the HWIMP ntrzo.uctin. I ! •1 U 4.2. Z i-n The HtP becins wih a section exlainino

  19. Seal Technology in Gas Turbine Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-08-01

    the case inner wall (Fig.. 6 (a) and 7 (a)) und for shrouded rotors between blade shroud and the came (Figs. 6() snd 7(b)) (b) Blade roots and platforms ...work is required to fully validate these rig tests. Abradable coatings and linings used in turbines, produce wear of the fins on the root platforms ...Division of Rolls-Royce Limited for their permission to publish. ILI w% C - IL I L 2-10 1’t 00z It. ’K 0 0 ý - -C u -4% uj % z. 9 0 < m m wz I- 10 wIx u 2

  20. Self-Tensioning Acoustical Horizontal Line Array (SPRAY) Data Analysis. Final Report of Bearing Stake Tests January thru March 1977, Volume IB. Detailed Description, Test Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    web " AL ***atfa IL X a 42 U 4j ft ut C IC a % % alms j we__w Z A CA 00- ’co 49 a. j -D Lbl ŘV (qw IA. .4L i ) ’IV Lhw . 94 U CD1 ca C. 1 1 .4 I~l...4C E: qw C Zw (1 - - 1U -7 -: - *t -r z~ -: do’.’.. ~ V.(O (11U * III ,~ * SS~ ŗ filU. * zu lc )0( Lid 014- CA__ G -4 0 I ~ IA L4,A t WIx W U V4 soft

  1. Human Information Processing of Targets and Real-World Scenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-30

    penguin in fig. 13, or the eye of the elephant in figure 12. Such shapes can be conceptualized in two ways. The first (and less favored) is...discriminated from a "Sparrow". " Penguin " and "Ostrich" and any doubtful entries were counted as separate noun categories. The mean number of nouns...4- - - . - - . - ’B, I.’. I. 4) U S n A 0 -9* 41a* U .4 Is S A’ p* * A 4) ’.4 o S C 𔃾a I" 0 4) ** r. I. a 0 .4 4) .4 .5 fta * a B-. S I.e

  2. Coordination polyhedra ThOn in crystal structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shevchenko, A.P.; Serezhkin, V.N.; Mikhajlov, Yu.N.

    2000-01-01

    The environment peculiarities of Th(4) 107 atoms in 93 oxygen-containing compounds were studied using the Voronoi-Dirichlet (VD) polyhedrons. It was determined that in case of high coordination number (CN ≥ 6) of thorium atoms the volume of their VD polyhedrons did not practically depend on CN Th and constituted 11.9 (4) A 3 . The volume of the classical coordination polyhedrons, namely, ThO n , ZrO n and U 4 O n ones, was determined to depend linearly on the coordination number. It was shown that in case CN [ru

  3. Taegu AB, Korea. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A, C-F.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-07

    o -’./ ŗ I 6M 1(TAL 17.; 59.119.1 4. ,7676 - - - - 766 1766 El.,,.., IX) Zl’ Z 1 Ib*Ne Obra . Mie.. Ne. of H4e.e. vlii T.,mpe..thw. U...4 27 38 / 3 2 2 9 42 j ’/ 17 .1 1 1 4 ’? ! lI 15 .1 1 1 43 . 13 .1 1 1 1 34 1 11 .11 13 24 1 7 : 1 5 ./ I2 TT6 VIAL 1.625. g4.*󈧜 6. 6 .1 752 744 6

  4. Role of Bunyamwera Orthobunyavirus NSs protein in infection of mosquito cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szemiel, Agnieszka M; Failloux, Anna-Bella; Elliott, Richard M

    2012-01-01

    Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus is both the prototype and study model of the Bunyaviridae family. The viral NSs protein seems to contribute to the different outcomes of infection in mammalian and mosquito cell lines. However, only limited information is available on the growth of Bunyamwera virus in cultured mosquito cells other than the Aedes albopictus C6/36 line. To determine potential functions of the NSs protein in mosquito cells, replication of wild-type virus and a recombinant NSs deletion mutant was compared in Ae. albopictus C6/36, C7-10 and U4.4 cells, and in Ae. aegypti Ae cells by monitoring N protein production and virus yields at various times post infection. Both viruses established persistent infections, with the exception of NSs deletion mutant in U4.4 cells. The NSs protein was nonessential for growth in C6/36 and C7-10 cells, but was important for productive replication in U4.4 and Ae cells. Fluorescence microscopy studies using recombinant viruses expressing green fluorescent protein allowed observation of three stages of infection, early, acute and late, during which infected cells underwent morphological changes. In the absence of NSs, these changes were less pronounced. An RNAi response efficiently reduced virus replication in U4.4 cells transfected with virus specific dsRNA, but not in C6/36 or C7/10 cells. Lastly, Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were exposed to blood-meal containing either wild-type or NSs deletion virus, and at various times post-feeding, infection and disseminated infection rates were measured. Compared to wild-type virus, infection rates by the mutant virus were lower and more variable. If the NSs deletion virus was able to establish infection, it was detected in salivary glands at 6 days post-infection, 3 days later than wild-type virus. Bunyamwera virus NSs is required for efficient replication in certain mosquito cell lines and in Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.

  5. XPS analysis of UxCe1-xO2±δ and determination of oxygen to metal ratio

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bera, Santanu; Mittal, V.K.; Venkata Krishnan, R.; Saravanan, T.; Velmurugan, S.; Nagarajan, K.; Narasimhan, S.V.

    2009-01-01

    The chemical states of U and Ce in the solid solutions of UO 2 and CeO 2 are studied using the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. A detailed analyses on U 4f and Ce 3d photoelectron peaks revealed the presence of Ce 3+ and U 5+ /U 6+ states in the mixed oxides. The oxygen to metal ratios in different compositions of mixed oxides were estimated from the quantity of different chemical states of U and Ce present in mixed oxides.

  6. Phenotype-gene: 562 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 562 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1559i non-functional response to gravity...ken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16690816i non-functional response to gravity http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u947i AT1G54990

  7. Classification of soil samples according to their geographic origin using gamma-ray spectrometry and principal component analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dragovic, Snezana; Onjia, Antonije

    2006-01-01

    A principal component analysis (PCA) was used for classification of soil samples from different locations in Serbia and Montenegro. Based on activities of radionuclides ( 226 Ra, 238 U, 235 U, 4 K, 134 Cs, 137 Cs, 232 Th and 7 Be) detected by gamma-ray spectrometry, the classification of soils according to their geographical origin was performed. Application of PCA to our experimental data resulted in satisfactory classification rate (86.0% correctly classified samples). The obtained results indicate that gamma-ray spectrometry in conjunction with PCA is a viable tool for soil classification

  8. Epidemoligic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides: Baseline Questionnaires

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    os champagne -’ Comb ast ion ...... - .. 3 -- I 57. Have you ever tried smoking marihuana ? Ver ...... (12( -1 (ASK q.57&) No........... _ -2 (SKIP TO...57b. In what mont, and year did you start smoking marihuana on a fairly regular basis? MONTH YEAR u 4) t 15 -T7U7 57c. In what month and yaar did you...last smoke marihuana on a fairly regular basis? MONTH YEAR (2 8(119b s) (2(A -- ’i58a. Vheo you started smoking marihuana on a fairly regular basis in

  9. Entree Production Guides for Modified Diets at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. Part V. Renal Diet Items

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    Cheese 21 Sloppy Joe 24 Spanish Rice ; 27 Swedish Meatballs 30 Tuna Noodle Casserole 33 Wheat Starch Apple Pie 36 Mean Ratings of Food Technologists...Plant Production of Frozen Entree Items for the Navy. Natick/TR-76-31A (FEL 59) September 1976 (A.D. A031327) 6G. Walker, J. Tuomy, C. Kanter; Egg ...sheet pan and bake in 400 F convection oven ten minutes or until browned. 19U 4 GRILLED CREAM CHEESE SANDWICH Renal Diet INGREDIENTS Dairy Foods and Eggs

  10. Lake Darling Flood Control Project, Souris River, North Dakota. General Project Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    difference between the air temperature measured at 10 feet and snow surface temperature. Td ’ - is the difference between dewpoint temperature measured at 10...to atmospheric conditions in the river reach between the outlet of the dam and the gage. f. Total dissolved solids ( TDS ) are generally considered to be...C c o o c a m m o i p - g - *tm-ett 41JI IhcaU ICI (U 4 ) flU)WwooQ- flJ ~rVlrnj M W Nfr- r- 0 r- M WMM - I# )-z .Lr n LZ n Lrr r 4r 111

  11. Basic Skills Resource Center: Report on the Preliminary Research Findings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    indicates that the higher the level of processing , the greater the comprehension and recall. This is true of word lists ( Craik & Lockhart , 1972) as well as... Levels of Processing Principle 9 Content-Driven Strategy/Skills Instruction Principle 10 Instruction, Content, and Prior Knowledge Principle 11 Sequencing...34 Ws 1.’t) 0 U) 14 C0 W u w. C -0.0 C) a. I-s U) w~ 0 4) 0 C "q’ 01 .0 0c 414U >4 0.4 F 0 to 0)0 IvJ0 04Cu B-13 Principle 8 ( Levels of Processing ) The

  12. Split coaxial RFQ structure with modulated vanes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arai, S.

    1983-10-01

    A new split coaxial RFO structure with modulated vanes is proposed. The structure is designed to accelerate 238 U 4+ from 1.68 keV/u to 45.1 keV/u at frequency of 12.5 MHz. The cavity is 1.6 m in diameter and 8 m in length. The cavity consists of four cavity modules divided by three stems which support horizontal and vertical vanes periodically and alternatively. At the same time, problems on the beam dynamics and design procedures are described and discussed. (orig.)

  13. National Waterways Study. Engineering Analysis of Waterways Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-08-01

    1)0- .4 -4 > -4 El U)4) ’-A~ tflN 0 𔃺 nIc o N %D4 0~ N0 ’- a) ) Ca) L r 1- j m c Cd% %D ri r- 0 L (0 -4 -4 ,4 4 r4-4 -4 4 -4 -4 -4 41) f--I 0 ’-40...Was done by the Corps hopper dredge Biddle while in the river about 48% of the dredg~ing was by Corps hopper dre~iies, 37% by the Port of Portland 30

  14. Phenotype-gene: 533 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 533 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u1530i low sensitivity toward under influence...nsitivity toward under influence of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u921i AT2G34660 ...Plant Cell Physiol. 49(4):557-69. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u18325934i low se

  15. Phenotype-gene: 496 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ward in organ named root under influence of ethene for AT1G25220 Stepanova Anna N et al. 2005 Aug. Plant Cel...luence of ethene http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u903i AT1G25220 ...l 17(8):2230-42. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15980261i insensitive toward in organ named root under inf

  16. Phenotype-gene: 498 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ward in organ named root under influence of ethene for AT5G05730 Stepanova Anna N et al. 2005 Aug. Plant Cel...luence of ethene http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u903i AT5G05730 ...l 17(8):2230-42. http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15980261i insensitive toward in organ named root under inf

  17. Phenotype-gene: 780 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 780 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u3ria224u956i abnormal for trait of morph...ology in organ named seed for AT2G35110 Li Yunhai et al. 2004 Nov. Plant Physiol. 136(3):3616-27.... http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15516496i abnormal for trait of morphology in or

  18. Capacitors for Integrated Circuits Produced by Means of a Double Implantation Method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zukowski, P.; Partyka, J.; Wegierek, P.

    1998-01-01

    The paper presents a description of a method to produce capacitors in integrated circuits that consists in implanting weakly doped silicon with the same impurity, then subjecting it to annealing (producing the inner plate) and implanting it again with ions of neutral elements to produce the dielectric layer. Results of the testing capacitors produced that way are also presented. Unit capacity of C u = 4.5 nF/mm 2 at tgδ = 0.01 has been obtained. The authors are of the opinion that the interesting problem of discontinuous variations of dielectric losses and capacities considered as functions of temperature, must be viewed as an open problem. (author)

  19. Supercritical Fuel Pyrolysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-28

    td E 6b0 o 03 0- 0 "--C 020 S0 2 IL "°E 00~ 0) I0"" too . .o 0 . too -n .0 0 C) I’• -• E) 0E C)o .............. ......... ....... ....... r - 00 0) I...F. (-6 0)C0 N4) EUI ) C L~ N C iv -- m C 2 LLJ ~~. U E ->GO c C -CL -0 7j-) 2 4)-0 M ) ZC) C). c 4)0 (wogcauqoqvn~~~ En 8L.2 ai Vr cU 4) 0 CL - ~v

  20. Department of Defense In-House RDT and E Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-10-30

    be WW". w 1.-- wW"A.44444U .5. W0W O4 .we 0.-.e𔄃.-4 j00 W.~ 400 0 4C 04 zI- z z U . 4A 444 LL) ACCA w " 6 0491. > 0 .W.-W 4 0 K W u x4 " W- h 6l.0~s...AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN jUBMARINE AND DIVINU MEDICINE, CLOSED ENVIRONMENTS INi AREAS OF PHYSIOL. MEDICAL PSYCHOL.VISION AUDITION HUMAN FAC.ENG

  1. Defense Science Board 1986 Summer Study: Use of Commercial Components in Military Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    I 0 LU 0L c/) LU C- 0.. < o 0. Ui LU C FL/ zD 5 aZz z o C.0 0 cc U ~ ’ 4 i i 0 U-4 ZZ .J •-• go--’ E c : L -- 4 L- u z V 0 acca )0 V f.z ?A 4. CV...Guidebook Certify and Audit IC Suppliers Yes-Who? and Processes Use Industrial Plastic Encap- Partial sulated ICs in Selected Application Remove MIL...removal of precedence between IC selections. The first question concerns certification/ audit , specifically, who performs this function -- the

  2. Preliminary studies on fluid inclusions in metasomatic albite grains from Lagoa Real, Caetite, Ba, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuzikawa, K.

    1980-01-01

    Preliminary fluid inclusion studies in metasomatic albite grains from the Lagoa Real uranium deposit pointed out to mixing of strong brines (23 wt% NaCl equivalent) with low salinity fluids (2.3 wt% NaCl equivalent). Microthermometry and crushing tests indicated elevated pressures and the presence of hidrocarbons in larger amount than CO 2 . The remobilization of uranium as uranyl carbonate complexes and its precipitation, reducing U 6 + to U 4 + by CH 4 , is considered as a possibility. (Author) [pt

  3. XPS study on the surface reaction of uranium metal with carbon monoxide at 200 degree C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Xiaoling; Fu Yibei; Xie Renshou; Huang Ruiliang

    1996-12-01

    The surface reaction of uranium metal with carbon monoxide at 200 degree C has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The carbon monoxide adsorption on the surface oxide layer resulted in U4f peak shifting to the lower binding energy and the content of oxygen in the oxide is decreased. O/U radio decreases with increasing the exposure of carbon monoxide to the surface layer. The investigation indicated the surface layer of uranium metal was further reduced in the atmosphere of carbon monoxide at high temperature. (3 refs., 5 figs.)

  4. Surface characterization of uranium metal and uranium dioxide using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allen, G.C.; Trickle, I.R.; Tucker, P.M.

    1981-01-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectra of pure uranium metal and stoichiometric uranium dioxide have been obtained using an AEI ES300 spectrometer. Binding energy values for core and valence electrons have been determined using an internally calibrated energy scale and monochromatic Al Kα radiation. Satellite peaks observed accompanying certain principal core ionizations are discussed in relation to the mechanisms by which they arise. Confirmation is obtained that for stoichiometric UOsub(2.00) a single shake-up satellite is observed accompanying the U 4fsub(7/2,5/2) principal core lines, separated by 6.8 eV to higher binding energy. (author)

  5. Effect of CO on surface oxidation of uranium metal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, X.; Fu, Y.; Xie, R.

    1997-01-01

    The surface reactions of uranium metal with carbon monoxide at 25 and 200 deg C have been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS);respectively. Adsorption of carbon monoxide on the surface layer of uranium metal leads to partial reduction of surface oxide and results in U4f photoelectron peak shifting to the lower binding energy. The content of oxygen in the surface oxide is decreased and O1s/O4f ratio decreases with increasing the exposure of carbon monoxide. The investigation indicates the surface layer of uranium metal has resistance to further oxidation in the atmosphere of carbon monoxide. (author)

  6. Test of EMG-720 explosive magneto-cumulative generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popkov, N F; Pikar, A S; Ryaslov, E A [All-Russian Research Inst. of Experimental Physics, Sarov (Russian Federation); and others

    1997-12-31

    The results of testing of the 30 MJ explosive magnetocumulative generator EMG-720 are reported. This comparatively simple and inexpensive generator is destined for energizing a stationary electro-physical facility placed in a special explosion-protected bunker. The current increase coefficient and the energy increase factor of the generator are as high as 500 and 120, respectively. The generator operating time is 225 s, and its internal operating voltage is higher than 100 kV. (J.U.). 4 figs., 4 refs.

  7. S-300, new pulsed power installation in Kurchatov Institute, investigation of the stable liner implosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chernenko, A S; Gorbulin, Yu M; Kalinin, Yu G; Kingsep, A S; Koba, Yu V; Korolev, V D; Mizhiritskij, V I; Rudakov, L I [Kurchatov Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1997-12-31

    S-300 is a new 8-module pulsed power machine capable of delivering the total current of up to 6 MA to the optimized load. The goal of the reported first series of experiments was to study in detail the physics of the liner implosion, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability and the Hall instability of a hollow imploding cylindrical plasma shell in particular. The characteristics of various liner instabilities observed under different experimental conditions are discussed. An attempt is made to identify them on the base of existing theoretical notions. (J.U.). 4 figs., 4 refs.

  8. Analysis of Factors that have Influenced Outcomes of Battles and Wars: A Data Base of Battles and Engagements. Volume 2. Wars from 1600 through 1800. Part 1. Wars of the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    Tis f~ actor is applied only to engagements of World War I (where applicable) and later. It identifies the side whose air force has established a degree... actress Maria Calderon. Don Juan’s amy included a force of French rebels led by the Prince of Conde, Turenne’s old comrade in arms. The Spanish...IS S I IS 1 _________________ C.4 0" ’a ___ __________ LLu) f-I _____ __________________ - A xi II .uJ U 4J U VS TE JAaBrTE REPELLIUC?. 174S

  9. Remote Sensing Technologies and Spatial Data Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    multispectral or thermal infrared techniques. Radar (active) or passive microwave data may strongly assist because of the "relatively" unique emissivity ...UW w 00 4w 0. C:’- " Oh C -4 cd 04 : w -0 *4 v o 0 4 H J r4 "I Uw 0 0 uJ 04) hI u u 93d b e 4 04) 00., 4).- - HHO " 0 𔃺 UO 014 -4 W 4)4 U -4 0d O P-4P

  10. Analysis of Field Activity Perspectives of Centralized Non-Appropriated Fund Accounting, Banking, and Payroll Procedures within the Department of the Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    4 aN U N J G - @ N 4 0 49 "f*U’ aW ..- fta .0* IAU = 0 6~ U) x 3. -- a- - U N N j w .0 46FANU an4 U 4 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l UN 4 . E r- a , a- X a.I IL0.2.a’ a...Planning and Management 204 1I 3 374%A622 USEPIES OF THE FMD SOL==C SECTION OP E!WAS BAIA= M AID E Tota Number of Acti.ities for Wbhch Basponws Were ftn

  11. Impact of the Future Merchant Fleet on Coast Guard Operating and Support Programs Over the Next 25 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    ISO Golo 4f0 0 0 s4nf~-h~SS5 O2 Ŕ’S Ca....Sf--’c.,Cs~.a’s M Q Q’ r d . ’ NS 5 -a-4sSS h 9S rx ki u ’a- -. u. -.4S CA~ "- ’h SN s-1 13 - -5S 7 7 S...TANKER OISTANCES NEOBULK DISTANJCES 1 9000 13500 a 6500 9000 4 3500 5000 -7.-9.g-i 7000 80m 10 9000 12000 U 1 19000 27000 13 Atl. 9000 12000 13 Gulf 11500

  12. Department of Defense Logistics Data Element Dictionary/Directory (DED/ D)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    ac I. - 1- Z ZM 9u 1- U. I 4L 9 1c Z w In - Z 4U 4 0 -. 3 Z 1- - zZ~ - - MA Z Mi w z w I.-LA. 0n 01 r 00 LAJ *i .s. z -da Z > . Z* 0 -U tUn 0 cc...01 02 Laid 0 a : I-aI- a, o . LU zaW . 0 . 20. IU D - LL * LU 0! I- V) Li. 0. 0LU LU Lu a a C)1-4 > 0~ 2 -t LO L - 4 . z - U - J O* - N w U") :D (N- -j

  13. Enhancement and Verification of the Navy CASEE Model (Calendar Year 1982 Task).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-15

    FAILED • "REPAIR CENTRAL SYSTEM a POST REPAIR STATISTC TUNOFFNTIONAL PR TUN b OTH PART EAR ETALSSE I CHECK FOR -m NEXT APPROVAL !•YES .DOWN NO 6 PORT BE...X0 0A. 0- LA- ww .J n 1- 0 . &M Z: or40* AX WI-WL 6-MW IA %A 3. % 00-1. .- 4Am - w a m -A.. OM U -4CM &Ab ZAW 44- w 1-u 3- *- w .- J! j0 44 A Oa tK -6

  14. Study on uranium valance in the third cycle of Wulungu River Formation in Tuosite depression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Yong; Li Jiajin; Tang Yuntao; Zhang Lin

    2009-01-01

    Affected by the geochemical environment, uranium exists as U 4+ and U 6+ in the sedimentary sandstone. The transfer and enrichment of uranium are mainly controlled by the rock porosity, cementation type, cementation degree and the oxidation-reduction ability of the groundwater, and so on. Through studying uranium valance, the oxidation-reduction zones have been identified and the groundwater flowing directions have been determined in the third cycle of Wulungu River Formation in Tuosite depression, which is in accordance with the fact. (authors)

  15. US Army Software Symposium (2nd) Held at Williamsburg, Virginia on 25-27 October 1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    abilities. They usually use low level primitives in the language such as the Dijkstra Semaphore for mutual exclusion and synchronization . This approach is...dispatcher Synchronization primitives An example of the formal specification of secure requirements module READ-ALLOWED and WRITE-ALLOWED is given in... synchronization primitives -75- U) w) U) U) ’-4 OU)0 u) U) u 4) 0W GD0 w u ,IQ coV V) I $4 *I =DJ :3 E u w L~ 0 GD4 *,4.OG $40~ >Ud -4 GC𔃽o U I >0

  16. Interpretation of the optical absorption spectrum of uranium germanate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gajek, Z.; Krupa, J.C.

    1993-01-01

    Visible and infrared absorption spectra of U 4+ in UGeO 4 are described and interpreted in terms of the standard parametrization scheme. One of the two models considered is consistent with available interpretations of other uranium germanates and silicates. The second one originating from theoretical estimation of the crystal-field effect permits exceptional properties of the compound under consideration, in particular, an untypical assignation of the electronic energy levels and values of the crystal-field parameters in comparison with other tetragonal oxides. (author)

  17. Angular overlap model analysis of the D 2d crystal field effect in uranium (4+) compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gajek, Z.; Hubert, S.; Krupa, J. C.

    1988-12-01

    Recent interpretations of the D 2d crystal field of U 4+ in β-ThCl 4, α, β-ThBr 4, ThSiO 4 and UCl 4 are discussed in terms of the simplified one-, two- and three-parameter versions of the Angular Overlap Model which are shown to be a handy tool in a trial interpretation of the effect. The variation of the CF parameters with a small D 2 distortion of the coordination is well reproduced by the model.

  18. Abandoned Well Program. Version 2.0. Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    5175.69 26098 2183059 186116 5230.06 26137 2179058 190172 5185.52 27001 2173573 190790 5128.00 27008 2173329 189912 5129.30 27014 2178077 190522 5171.80...e ~ N Lfl r-41 -N C4 to I ISO ’o 9-4) z .0 c I I c c U304 W " F " 40 U4U o1 C1 C14 0- IN i 0 U) "*4 .4 -04 -1, -0 so w c S.a c0 a~b 4J 4 3 1 c 1. 1

  19. Base Structure Annex to Manpower Requirements Report for FY 1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    Printing and Reproduction Installation Safety Installation Engineering Service Related Investment"* Support Groups/Units assigned to these functions...c 04 o1 fn n a K~~~2 W U4u~ S -Ct ’- .dc w u .S . . . ...... - . ..l .. .AF) . ... .. . z -, IVf ’ N 1 j C0 ---- -K dl fl~ t. I . .Wz x A jt vd idz "oz...actions must beanalyzed to determine if any of the activities associated with the action will cause a significuant impact on the human environ-ment or

  20. Thermophysical Properties of Matter - The TPRC Data Series. Volume 1. Thermal Conductivity - Metallic Elements and Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-01-01

    leads to dispersion effects. The function of the frequency of the lattihc vave, v, the corresponding wavelengths range from long waves lattice thermal...which also dependsinteraction between lattice waves, which is the basis sensitively on the crystal structure and the dispersion of all subsequent...U20 Ariao 2 10V:12 K. S, a Ilo spucial 1 U( 92 Anao K. S. m~a~nct *tv1 � 109 Kabuin sutc putaoi~suzml) Inbu rok ~12 Kaolin fui IjWick 2 4U4. Liuci